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Sample records for nicaragua oman peru

  1. How to Obtain Authorization to Import and/or Export Natural Gas...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Bahrain, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jordan, Mexico, Morocco, Nicaragua, Oman, Panama, Peru, Republic of Korea and Singapore. ...

  2. How to Obtain Authorization to Import and/or Export Natural Gas...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    natural gas with Australia, Bahrain, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jordan, Mexico, Morocco, Nicaragua, Oman, Panama, Peru,...

  3. 52

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    country (Australia, Bahrain, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Morocco, Nicaragua, Oman, Peru, or Singapore); (3) A...

  4. DOE/EA-1976 FINDING OF NO SIGNIFICANT IMPACT FOR PROPOSED CNG...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Bahrain, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jordan, Mexico, Morocco, Nicaragua, Oman, Panama, Peru, Republic of Korea, and Singapore. ...

  5. Christopher Smith Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary Office...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jordan, Mexico, Morocco, Nicaragua, Oman, Panama, Peru, Republic of Korea, and Singapore. There also are two countries - Israel and Costa Rica...

  6. Microsoft Word - 91180786_2.docx

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Australia, Bahrain, Colombia, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Chile, Morocco, Canada, Mexico, Oman, Peru, Singapore, Republic of Korea, Jordan, ...

  7. --No Title--

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Reunion Romania Russia Rwanda...

  8. Peru privatizes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Suttil, K.R.

    1993-02-01

    Peru has been undergoing a revolution since the election of Alberto Fujimori as president in 1990. A revolution that is reversing many of the policies of the past 25 years and one which aims to bring Peru back into the mainstream of the world economy. All the enterprises nationalized in the heady days of the early 1970s are set up for privatization. The most important are the three mining companies: Hierro-Peru, Centromin, and Mineroo-Peru. It will not be easy to attract foreign investment after such a long period of political and economic instability but the rewards are there for the intrepid.

  9. Oman Oil Company | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Oil Company (S.A.O.C.) Name: Oman Oil Company (S.A.O.C.) Place: Muscat, Oman Product: Oil exploration and production Year Founded: 1966 Phone Number: + 968 - 2457 3100 Website:...

  10. Nicaragua-San Jacinto-Tizate Geothermal Power Project | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Website http:www.iadb.orgprojectsP Program Start 2010 Country Nicaragua UN Region Latin America and the Caribbean References Nicaragua-Geothermal1 Background "The Project...

  11. A New Geothermal Anomaly In Nicaragua | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Geothermal Anomaly In Nicaragua Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: A New Geothermal Anomaly In Nicaragua Abstract The information...

  12. Nicaragua-IAEA Cooperation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    IAEA Cooperation Jump to: navigation, search Name Nicaragua-IAEA Cooperation AgencyCompany Organization International Atomic Energy Agency Sector Energy Topics Background...

  13. Oman: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Country Profile Name Oman Population 2,773,479 GDP 78,788,000,000 Energy Consumption 0.71 Quadrillion Btu 2-letter ISO code OM 3-letter ISO code OMN Numeric ISO...

  14. Nicaragua: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    imported 63.95 million kWh from its neighbours Panama and Honduras.Nicaragua has no oil production; in 2001, its consumption was of 24,500 bblday. There is one oil refinery...

  15. Integrated: Geospatial Toolkit GIS data for Nicaragua from NREL...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Nicaragua from NREL (Abstract): Geographic Information Systems (GIS) data intended for use in the Geospatial toolkit or with any GIS software. (Purpose): The Solar and Wind Energy...

  16. ,"U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Oman (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Oman (MMcf)",1,"Monthly","72015" ,"Release Date:","09302015"...

  17. ,"U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Oman (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    586-8800",,,"01292016 9:45:36 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Oman (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N9103MU2" "Date","U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas...

  18. LNG projects make progress in Oman and Yemen

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-02-24

    Two LNG projects in the Middle East, one in Oman and the other in Yemen, are due on stream at the turn of the century--each the largest single project ever put together in its country. Officials described their projects at a yearend 1996 conference in Paris by Institut Francais du Petrole and Petrostrategies. The Oman project develops gas reserves, does gas processing, and transports the gas 360 km to a liquefaction plant to be built on the coast. The Yemen project involves a liquefaction plant and an export terminal.

  19. Petroleum Development Oman gas exploration unlocks major new reserves

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wood, A.; Mozetic, A.

    1995-08-01

    Since 1985, Petroleum Development Oman (PDO) has been exploring for gas on behalf of the Government of Oman under a ten-year agreement signed in June 1984. The aim of the one-rig programme was to find additional non-associated gas reserves (3 TCF) to meet domestic energy requirements for a minimum of 40 years, for which the available reserves at that time (5.6 TCF) were insufficient. Initial results of the campaign, which principally targeted the Permian Khuff Formation, were disappointing, analogues to the major accumulations of the Arabian Gulf failing to materialise. During the second half of the programme, therefore, the strategy was revised to address the prospectivity of higher risk/higher reward plays recognised at greater depths. Well Saih Nihayda-24, drilled in 1989, found gas/condensate-bearing reservoirs in Cambro/Ordovician sandstones of the Andam Formation below 4000 metres. This discovery, in a seismically poorly defined anticline, sparked an intensive effort of 2D, and later 3D, long cable seismic acquisition. This led in 1991 to additional major gas/condensate finds in Saih Rawl and Barik, and a dedicated two-year two-rig appraisal campaign has since proven up sufficient reserves to support an LNG gas export scheme. The ten-year programme has more than tripled Oman`s non-associated gas expectation reserves to some 22 TCF, exceeding-the target more than five-fold. Significant potential for further gas discoveries identified in both North and South Oman provides encouragement for continued successful gas exploration in the future.

  20. City of Peru, Illinois (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Peru, Illinois (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: City of Peru Place: Illinois Phone Number: 815-223-0044 Website: www.peru.il.uscity-directory Facebook: https:...

  1. Peru struggles to maintain crude production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-01-14

    Revival of Peru's moribund oil and gas industry in the 1990s hinges on whether the new administration of President Alberto Fujimori is successful in attracting foreign investment in Peru. Fujimori's success would mean Peru pushing ahead into stepped up exploration and major development projects, such as the huge Camisea gas/condensate field discovered 2 years ago. His failure could mean Peru continuing to fall further behind in its already lagging low oil production. Huge sums of money will be needed. Peru also needs to succeed in its efforts to become creditworthy again for international agencies, foreign governments, and commercial banks. Meanwhile, Petroleos del Peru SA (Petroperu), the state oil company, will have to transfer an increasing share of its operations to private investors. But the company is likely to try to hold onto producing fields, even though it is unable to maintain full output.

  2. Peru-NREL Energy Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    NREL Energy Activities Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Peru-NREL Energy Activities Name Peru-NREL Energy Activities AgencyCompany Organization National Renewable Energy...

  3. Libélula Consulting Company of Peru | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    lula Consulting Company of Peru Jump to: navigation, search Name: Liblula Consulting Company of Peru Address: Calle Alfredo Len 211, Miraflores, Lima 18 Per Website:...

  4. City of Peru, Indiana (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Peru, Indiana (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Peru City of Place: Indiana Phone Number: 765-473-6681 Website: peruutilities.compageshome1 Outage Hotline:...

  5. Peru: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Country Profile Name Peru Population Unavailable GDP Unavailable Energy Consumption Quadrillion Btu 2-letter ISO code PE 3-letter ISO code PER Numeric ISO code...

  6. Gateway:América Latina | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Haiti Haiti Honduras Honduras Mexico Mexico Nicaragua Nicaragua Panama Panama Paraguay Paraguay Peru Peru Republica Dominicana Dominican Republic Uruguay Uruguay Venezuela...

  7. An Energy Overview of Peru

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    anon.

    2003-10-20

    The DOE Office of Fossil Energy is maintaining a web site that is meant to provide useful business- and energy-related information about countries and regions of the world for exporters, project developers, and researchers. The site consists of more than 130 country pages (organized into seven different world regions), with each country page having its own set of links to information sources about that country. There are also more than 30 Country Energy Overviews at the web site -- each of these is a comprehensive review of a specific country's entire energy situation, including sections on Energy Policy, Oil, Natural Gas, Coal, Hydroelectric/Renewables, Nuclear Power, Energy Transmission Infrastructure, Electricity, Electric Industry Overview, Environmental Activities, Privatization, Trade, and Economic Situation. The specific country highlighted in this Country Energy Overview is Peru. The site is designed to be dynamic. Updates to the overviews will be made as need and resources permit.

  8. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF FOSSIL...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Honduras, Jordan, Mexico, Morocco, Nicaragua, Oman, ... domestic natural gas production, reduced domestic ... to the chemical, plastics, steel, iron, aluminum, and ...

  9. ,"U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Peru (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Peru (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","NGMEPG0NUS-NPEIMLMMCF" "Date","U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Peru (MMcf)" 39263,0 39629,0 39994,0 ...

  10. ,"U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Peru (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Peru (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","NGMEPG0NUS-NPEIMLMMCF" "Date","U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Peru (MMcf)" 40193,0 40436,3229 ...

  11. Peru-GEF Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions in the Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    (Redirected from UNDP-Peru GEF Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions in the Energy Generation and End-Use Sectors)...

  12. Case studies from Oman for coiled tubing deployed completion techniques

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Taylor, R.W.; Conrad, B.

    1996-09-01

    Although the use of ultra-large coiled tubing to complete wells is relatively new, it is gaining widespread industry application. This paper will detail the equipment necessary to perform an operation of this type and will present information from several case studies in Oman in which an operator has successfully deployed completion equipment on 3-1/2-inch-OD coiled tubing. In addition to a discussion of the equipment required to perform the necessary operations, the trial parameters that were established by this operator will be given. The information presented has been selected to allow an initial evaluation to be made of coiled tubing completions in general and will help to determine whether this method can prove to be less expensive than traditional rig-based completions. The topics presented have been chosen to provide the reader with a thorough understanding of the techniques and preparation needed to execute a coiled tubing completion. The summary of experiences will conclude that this innovative completion technique can be a viable method for completing wells. Although long-term advantages regarding production and well maintenance cannot yet be determined, the operator`s experiences to date have confirmed his initial belief that use of coiled tubing in ultra-large continuous-pipe applications can be cost effective.

  13. Peru action simmering despite privatization delays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-08-07

    After months of delays, the sale of Petroleos del Peru SA (Petroperu) was postponed earlier this year until after the elections, which saw Peru`s incumbent President Alberto Fujimori reelected. In June, Fujimori appointed Amado Yataco Minister of Energy and Mines. Yataco, also serving as president of the privatization commission Copri, said a decision on the sale of Petroperu would be made quickly, perhaps by July 28, ahead of this report`s presstime. The uncertain status of Petroperu has not, however, slowed activity in Peru`s petroleum sector. The paper first discusses privatization plans and Petroperu`s budget, then describes exploration and development activities in the supergiant Camisea gas/condensate fields in the central southern jungle. Activities in several smaller fields are briefly described.

  14. Price of Lake Charles, LA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Oman (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Oman (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price of Lake Charles, LA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Oman (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's NA 2000's 3.36 5.56 3.34 3.76 5.59 5.72 -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 4/29/2016 Next Release Date: 5/31/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Price of

  15. Oil privatization growing: Peru poised for comeback

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-11-18

    Economic reform in Peru is transforming the oil and gas sector. Free market rationale is replacing the state monopoly mind-set. Foreign investment in oil, once discouraged by former administrations, is the response to new terms established by current government in its search for capital inflows to boost economic growth.

  16. Peru-Planning for Climate Change (PlanCC) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Peru-Planning for Climate Change (PlanCC) (Redirected from Planning for Climate Change (PlanCC) Peru) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Planning for Climate Change (PlanCC) Peru...

  17. Peru-UNDP Climate Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Activities AgencyCompany Organization United Nations Development Programme Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis Country Peru South America References UNDP Climate...

  18. Peru-Green Growth Planning | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    navigation, search Name Peru-Green Growth Planning AgencyCompany Organization Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) Partner Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA)...

  19. MHK Projects/Marisol Peru SHP | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Marisol Peru SHP < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","...

  20. Peru-Nordic Partnership Initiative | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Nordic Partnership Initiative Jump to: navigation, search Name Peru-Nordic Partnership Initiative AgencyCompany Organization Danish Government Partner Danish Ministry for...

  1. Peru-USAID Climate Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    USAID Climate Activities Jump to: navigation, search Name Peru-USAID Climate Activities AgencyCompany Organization U.S. Agency for International Development Sector Land Focus...

  2. Peru-UNEP Risoe Technology Needs Assessment Program | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Risoe Technology Needs Assessment Program Jump to: navigation, search Name Peru-UNEP Risoe-Technology Needs Assessment Program AgencyCompany Organization UNEP-Risoe Centre Sector...

  3. Peru-GVEP Policy Coordination Platform | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy Topics Market analysis, Policiesdeployment programs Resource Type Workshop, Lessons learnedbest practices Country Peru UN Region "Latin America" is not in the list...

  4. Peru mitigation assessment of greenhouse gases: Sector -- Energy. Peru climate change country study; Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-08-01

    The aim of this study is to determine the Inventory and propose Greenhouse Gases Mitigation alternatives in order to face the future development of the country in a clean environmental setting without delaying the development process required to improve Peruvian standard of living. The main idea of this executive abstract is to show concisely the results of the Greenhouse Gases Mitigation for Peru in the period 1990--2015. The studies about mitigation for the Energy Sector are shown in this summary.

  5. Peru`s national greenhouse gas inventory, 1990. Peru climate change country study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-07-01

    The aim of this study has been to determine the Inventory and to propose greenhouse gases mitigation alternatives in order to face the future development of the country in a clean environmental setting, improving in this way the Peruvian standard of life. The main objective of this executive summary is to show concisely the results of the National Inventory about greenhouse gases emitted by Peru in 1990.

  6. ,"Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Oman (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Oman (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Oman (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Monthly","2/2016" ,"Release Date:","4/29/2016" ,"Next Release Date:","5/31/2016"

  7. ,"Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Peru (Dollars...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Gas Imports From Peru (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","NGMEPG0NUS-NPEPMLDMCF" "Date","Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Peru (Dollars per ...

  8. Crafting regulations in emerging geothermal countries: The Peru example

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Armstrong, A.J.

    1996-12-31

    Conventional wisdom holds that no prudent investor or lender will ante up a penny of investment money in a geothermal project unless and until there is a geothermal resources law in place. Since every law depends on a regulatory regime to make the law work in actual practice, implemented regulations are equally important conditions precedent for geothermal development. In recognition of the importance of assisting geothermal regulatory development in the emerging geothermal countries of Latin America, during the 1995 to 1996 timeframe, the Geothermal Energy Association has acted in an advisory capacity to the Ministry of Energy and Mines of Peru, in the drafting of geothermal regulations for Peru. These regulations are designed to promote developmental investment in the geothermal resources of Peru, while simultaneously establishing reasonable standards for the protection of the people and the environment of the country. While these regulations are specific to Peru, they may well serve as a model for other countries of Latin America. Thus, the lessons learned in crafting the Peru regulatory regime may have applicability in other countries in which the geothermal industry is now working or may work in the future.

  9. Peru-Planning for Climate Change (PlanCC) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    part of the MAPS program, a collaboration between developing countries (South Africa, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia and Peru) to support the establishment of an evidence base...

  10. Geologic Water Storage in Pre-Columbian Peru

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fairley Jr., Jerry P.

    1997-07-14

    Agriculture in the arid and semi-arid regions that comprise much of present-day Peru, Bolivia, and Northern Chile is heavily dependent on irrigation; however, obtaining a dependable water supply in these areas is often difficult. The precolumbian peoples of Andean South America adapted to this situation by devising many strategies for transporting, storing, and retrieving water to insure consistent supply. I propose that the ''elaborated springs'' found at several Inka sites near Cuzco, Peru, are the visible expression of a simple and effective system of groundwater control and storage. I call this system ''geologic water storage'' because the water is stored in the pore spaces of sands, soils, and other near-surface geologic materials. I present two examples of sites in the Cuzco area that use this technology (Tambomachay and Tipon) and discuss the potential for identification of similar systems developed by other ancient Latin American cultures.

  11. Comparative soil CO2 flux measurements and geostatisticalestimation methods on masaya volcano, nicaragua

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lewicki, J.L.; Bergfeld, D.; Cardellini, C.; Chiodini, G.; Granieri, D.; Varley, N.; Werner, C.

    2004-04-27

    We present a comparative study of soil CO{sub 2} flux (F{sub CO2}) measured by five groups (Groups 1-5) at the IAVCEI-CCVG Eighth Workshop on Volcanic Gases on Masaya volcano, Nicaragua. Groups 1-5 measured F{sub CO2} using the accumulation chamber method at 5-m spacing within a 900 m{sup 2} grid during a morning (AM) period. These measurements were repeated by Groups 1-3 during an afternoon (PM) period. All measured F{sub CO2} ranged from 218 to 14,719 g m{sup -2}d{sup -1}. Arithmetic means and associated CO{sub 2} emission rate estimates for the AM data sets varied between groups by {+-}22%. The variability of the five measurements made at each grid point ranged from {+-}5 to 167% and increased with the arithmetic mean. Based on a comparison of measurements made by Groups 1-3 during AM and PM times, this variability is likely due in large part to natural temporal variability of gas flow, rather than to measurement error. We compared six geostatistical methods (arithmetic and minimum variance unbiased estimator means of uninterpolated data, and arithmetic means of data interpolated by the multiquadric radial basis function, ordinary kriging, multi-Gaussian kriging, and sequential Gaussian simulation methods) to estimate the mean and associated CO{sub 2} emission rate of one data set and to map the spatial F{sub CO2} distribution. While the CO{sub 2} emission rates estimated using the different techniques only varied by {+-}1.1%, the F{sub CO2} maps showed important differences. We suggest that the sequential Gaussian simulation method yields the most realistic representation of the spatial distribution of F{sub CO2} and is most appropriate for volcano monitoring applications.

  12. Cameron, LA Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from Peru (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Peru (Million Cubic Feet) Cameron, LA Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from Peru (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 3,477 3,368 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 4/29/2016 Next Release Date: 5/31/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports by Point of Entry Cameron, LA LNG Imports from Peru

  13. Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Peru (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    From Peru (Million Cubic Feet) Freeport, TX Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Peru (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 3,175 3,338 3,262 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 4/29/2016 Next Release Date: 5/31/2016 Referring Pages: U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports by Point of Entry Freeport, TX LNG Imports from Peru

  14. Minerals Yearbook, 1988 international review. The mineral industries of Bolivia, Ecuador, and Peru

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Torres, I.E.; Gurmendi, A.C.; Velasco, P.

    1988-01-01

    All three countries in this Andean group have diversified mineral industries that play an important role in their respective domestic economies. Peru, as the largest country with a population of over 21 million, is the most diversified mineral producer with the highest value of total output. The values added by the mineral industries in 1988 were $2.78 billion for Peru, $1.98 billion for Ecuador, and $0.64 billion for Bolivia. Each value encompasses production of petroleum, natural gas, metals, and industrial minerals. During the period 1980-88, Ecuador's mineral output in terms of value expanded while that of Bolivia and Peru contracted.

  15. ,"Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Peru (Dollars...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Peru (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" "Sourcekey","NGMEPG0NUS-NPEPMLDMCF"...

  16. Observatory of Renewable Energy for Latin America and the Caribbean...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Chile, Costa Rica, Colombia, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Mexico, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay UN Region Caribbean, Central America, South America References...

  17. Forest Carbon Partnership Facility | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Madagascar, Mexico, Moldova, Mozambique, Nepal, Nicaragua, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Republic of the Congo, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Uganda, Vanuatu, Vietnam...

  18. Total Crude Oil and Products Imports from All Countries

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Oman Pakistan Panama Papua New Guinea Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia Senegal Singapore Slovakia South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Suriname ...

  19. Category:Countries | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Korea Northern Mariana Islands Norway O Oman P Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Pitcairn Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Q Qatar R Republic of Macedonia...

  20. LUG 2015 | Registration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Palestinian Territory, Occupied Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Pitcairn Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Reunion Romania Russian...

  1. Utility Rate Database | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Islands Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Palestinian Territories Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Pitcairn Islands Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Romania Russia...

  2. Peru onshore-deepwater basins should have large potential

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zuniga-Rivero, F.; Keeling, J.A.; Hay-Roe, H.

    1998-10-19

    Perupetro`s recent announcement that 13 offshore exploration blocks of nearly 1 million acres each will be offered for bids in the fourth quarter of 1998 has reawakened interest in this extensive, largely unexplored area. The new government policy, combined with the results of modern, deep-probing seismic surveys, has already led to a stepped-up search for oil and gas that will probably escalate. Most of Peru`s ten coastal basins are entirely offshore, but at both ends of the 1,500-mile coastline the sedimentary basins stretch from onshore across the continental shelf and down the continental slope. Two of these basin areas, both in the north, have commercial production. The third, straddling the country`s southern border, has never been drilled either on land or offshore. The Peruvian sectors of these three basins total roughly 50,000 sq miles in area, 75% offshore. All have major oil and gas potential. They are described individually in this article, an update in the ongoing studies last reported at the 1998 Offshore Technology Conference and in the first article of this series.

  3. Sabine Pass, LA Natural Gas LNG Imports (Price) From Peru (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Sabine Pass, LA Natural Gas LNG Imports (Price) From Peru (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Sabine Pass, LA Natural Gas LNG Imports (Price) From Peru (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's -- -- -- 2010's 6.68 -- -- -- -- - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 4/29/2016 Next Release Date:

  4. Nicaragua Canal Template

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Figure 1.3-1: FirstNet PEIS Regions of Analysis ......Title VI of the Middle Class Tax Relief and Job Creation Act of 2012 (Public Law Pub. ...

  5. Nicaragua Canal Template

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Exposure is changing with the proliferation of cell phone ... Nature 429:177-180. Roosli et al. 2010. "Systematic review ... Science and Science Education, and Institute ...

  6. Nicaragua Canal Template

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Genevieve Walker B.A., Geology, Florida International University BOOZ ALLEN HAMILTON Derek Anderson - Cultural Resources M.A., Historic Preservation, University of ...

  7. Nicaragua Canal Template

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    - CHAPTER 1 This page intentionally left blank First Responder Network Authority Nationwide Public Safety Broadband Network Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for the Eastern United States VOLUME 1 - CHAPTER 1 Amanda Goebel Pereira, AICP NEPA Coordinator First Responder Network Authority U.S. Department of Commerce 12201 Sunrise Valley Dr. M/S 243 Reston, VA 20192 Cooperating Agencies Federal Communications Commission General Services Administration U.S. Department of

  8. Nicaragua Canal Template

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    - CHAPTER 2 This page intentionally left blank First Responder Network Authority Nationwide Public Safety Broadband Network Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for the Eastern United States VOLUME 1 - CHAPTER 2 Amanda Goebel Pereira, AICP NEPA Coordinator First Responder Network Authority U.S. Department of Commerce 12201 Sunrise Valley Dr. M/S 243 Reston, VA 20192 Cooperating Agencies Federal Communications Commission General Services Administration U.S. Department of

  9. Nicaragua Canal Template

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    1 This page intentionally left blank Nationwide Public Safety Broadband Network Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement for the Eastern United States VOLUME 15 - CHAPTER 21 April 2016 First Responder Network Authority Amanda Goebel Pereira, AICP NEPA Coordinator First Responder Network Authority U.S. Department of Commerce 12201 Sunrise Valley Dr. M/S 243 Reston, VA 20192 Cooperating Agencies Federal Communications Commission General Services Administration U.S. Department of

  10. Workshop on the utilization of coal as an alternative to petroleum fuels in the Andean Region. Volume 1. Summary report. Held in Lima, Peru on June 24-28, 1985

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1985-12-31

    The Workshop on the Utilization of Coal as an Alternative to Petroleum Fuels in the Andean Region was one regional effort to examine issues involved in developing coal as a major energy source. Held in Lima, Peru, June 24-28, 1985, and funded by the Government of Peru and the U.S. Agency for International Development (AID), the workshop examined technological measures and economic policy initiatives needed to promote coal development, particularly in Peru, Bolivia, and Ecuador.

  11. Category:Latin America Region | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Guatemala Guyana H Haiti Honduras J Jamaica M Martinique Mexico N Nicaragua P Panama Paraguay Peru S Saint Barthlemy Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Vincent and the...

  12. GSA GSA Office of Governmentwide Policy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    with FAR 1.404 to use the new procurement thresholds for the Trade Agreements. Chile FTA Morocco FTA NAFTA -Canada -Mexico Oman FTA Peru FTA Singapore FTA Israeli Trade...

  13. Zongo-San Gaban zone: Eocene foreland boundary of the Central Andean orogen, northwest Bolivia and southeast Peru

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farrar, E.; Clark, A.H.; Kontak, D.J.; Archibald, D.A.

    1988-01-01

    Discordant muscovite and biotite K-Ar dates of samples taken in six transects through the Cordillera Oriental of southeast Peru and northwest Bolivia, combined with /sup 40/Ar//sup 39/Ar age spectra, reveal a northwest-trending, structurally cryptic, tectonothermal zone of late Eocene age (ca. 38 Ma) that overprints Triassic and older igneous and metamorphic rocks. The zone is at least 450 km long but is less than 25 km wide; temperatures along its northeast boundary are estimated to have reached 350/sup 0/C. No Paleogene magmatism has been recognized that could account for the thermal resetting of the K-Ar isotopic system. Uplift, erosion, and southwest-verging thrusting accompanied the development of this domain, which defined the foreland boundary of the orogen prior to inception of northeast-verging Andean thrusting in Miocene time. It is proposed that this tectonothermal zone, the Zongo-San Gaban zone (ZSGZ), which involves thrusting and basement shortening, is the southerly manifestation of the Incaic compressional deformation, which produced the thin-skinned Maranon thrust and fold belt (MTFB) north of the Abancay deflection of central Peru.

  14. Petroleum resources of South America: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru. Foreign Energy Supply Assessment Program series

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dietzman, W.D.; Rafidi, N.R.

    1983-01-01

    This report is an analysis of discovered crude oil reserves, undiscovered recoverable crude oil resources, and estimated annual oil field production. The countries analyzed are Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru. All of the countries in this report have a history of petroleum exploration and development. Also, they maintain policies which support the search for, and exploitation of, petroleum resources. This systematic assessment provides estimates of the quantities of remaining known petroleum reserves and undiscovered recoverable resources. The future feasible production rates from the respective countries are also discussed. The FESAP assessments are limited to petroleum resources recoverable by conventional primary and secondary extraction technology. It is estimated that over 29.4 billion barrels of recoverable oil (both discovered and undiscovered) originally existed within the sedimentary basins of these countries, as follows: Argentina (9.4 billion barrels); Brazil (6.5 billion barrels); Colombia (5.0 billion barrels); Peru (3.6 billion barrels); Ecuador (over 3.0 billion barrels); Chile (1.1 billion barrels); and Bolivia (over 0.8 billion barrels). Through 1982, about 10.2 billion barrels of the oil had been produced. Thus, some 19.2 billion barrels constitute the remaining recoverable petroleum resource base. It is estimated that the most likely volume of crude oil remaining to be found in the seven countries is 12 billion barrels. 91 refs., 59 figs., 82 tabs.

  15. U.S. LNG Imports from Oman

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2000-2016 Liquefied Natural Gas Prices -- -- -- -- -- -- 2001

  16. CRC handbook of agricultural energy potential of developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duke, J.A.

    1986-01-01

    The contents of this book are: Introduction; Kenya; Korea (Republic of); Lesotho; Liberia; Malagasy; Malawi; Mali; Mauritania; Mexico, Mozambique, Nepal; Nicaragua; Niger; Nigeria; Pakistan; Panama; Paraguay; Peru; Philippines; Rwanda; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Somalia; Sri Lanka; Sudana; Surinam; Swaziland; Tanzania; Thailand; Togo; Uganda; Uruguay; Venezuela; Zaire; Zambia; Appendix I. Conventional and Energetic Yields; Appendix II, Phytomass Files; and References.

  17. Forest Restoration Carbon Analysis of Baseline Carbon Emissions and Removal in Tropical Rainforest at La Selva Central, Peru

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Patrick Gonzalez; Benjamin Kroll; Carlos R. Vargas

    2006-01-10

    Conversion of tropical forest to agricultural land and pasture has reduced forest extent and the provision of ecosystem services, including watershed protection, biodiversity conservation, and carbon sequestration. Forest conservation and reforestation can restore those ecosystem services. We have assessed forest species patterns, quantified deforestation and reforestation rates, and projected future baseline carbon emissions and removal in Amazon tropical rainforest at La Selva Central, Peru. The research area is a 4800 km{sup 2} buffer zone around the Parque Nacional Yanachaga-Chemillen, Bosque de Proteccion San Matias-San Carlos, and the Reserva Comunal Yanesha. A planned project for the period 2006-2035 would conserve 4000 ha of forest in a proposed 7000 ha Area de Conservacion Municipale de Chontabamba and establish 5600 ha of natural regeneration and 1400 ha of native species plantations, laid out in fajas de enriquecimiento (contour plantings), to reforest 7000 ha of agricultural land. Forest inventories of seven sites covering 22.6 ha in primary forest and 17 sites covering 16.5 ha in secondary forest measured 17,073 trees of diameter {ge} 10 cm. The 24 sites host trees of 512 species, 267 genera, and 69 families. We could not identify the family of 7% of the trees or the scientific species of 21% of the trees. Species richness is 346 in primary forest and 257 in the secondary forest. In primary forest, 90% of aboveground biomass resides in old-growth species. Conversely, in secondary forest, 66% of aboveground biomass rests in successional species. The density of trees of diameter {ge} 10 cm is 366 trees ha{sup -1} in primary forest and 533 trees ha{sup -1} in secondary forest, although the average diameter is 24 {+-} 15 cm in primary forest and 17 {+-} 8 cm in secondary forest. Using Amazon forest biomass equations and wood densities for 117 species, aboveground biomass is 240 {+-} 30 t ha{sup -1} in the primary sites and 90 {+-} 10 t ha{sup -1} in the secondary sites. Aboveground carbon density is 120 {+-} 15 t ha{sup -1} in primary forest and 40 {+-} 5 t ha{sup -1} in secondary forest. Forest stands in the secondary forest sites range in age from 10 to 42 y. Growth in biomass (t ha{sup -1}) as a function of time (y) follows the relation: biomass = 4.09-0.017 age{sup 2} (p < 0.001). Aboveground biomass and forest species richness are positively correlated (r{sup 2} = 0.59, p < 0.001). Analyses of Landsat data show that the land cover of the 3700 km{sup 2} of non-cloud areas in 1999 was: closed forest 78%; open forest 12%, low vegetation cover 4%, sparse vegetation cover 6%. Deforestation from 1987 to 1999 claimed a net 200 km{sup 2} of forest, proceeding at a rate of 0.005 y{sup -1}. Of those areas of closed forest in 1987, only 89% remained closed forest in 1999. Consequently, closed forests experienced disruption in the time period at double the rate of net deforestation. The three protected areas experienced negligible deforestation or slight reforestation. Based on 1987 forest cover, 26,000 ha are eligible for forest carbon trading under the Clean Development Mechanism, established by the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Principal components analysis showed that distance to nonforest was the factor that best explained observed patterns of deforestation while distance to forest best explained observed patterns of reforestation, more significant than elevation, distance to rivers, distance to roads, slope, and distance to towns of population > 400. Aboveground carbon in live vegetation in the project area decreased from 35 million {+-} 4 million t in 1987 to 34 million {+-} 4 million t in 1999. Projected aboveground carbon in live vegetation would fall to 33 million {+-} 4 million t in 2006, 32 million {+-} 4 million t in 2011, and 29 million {+-} 3 million t in 2035. Projected net deforestation in the research area would total 13,000 {+-} 3000 ha in the period 1999-2011, proceeding at a rate of 0.003 {+-} 0.0007 y{sup -1}, and would total 33,000 {+-} 7000

  18. South America, Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deal, C.

    1981-10-01

    Summaries of oil and gas drillings, well completions, production, exploratory wells, exploration activity and wildcat drilling were given for South America, Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico. The countries, islands, etc. included Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward and Windward Islands, Mexico, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, El Salvador, Surinam, Trinidad and Venezuela. 16 figures, 120 tables. (DP)

  19. Oman Ministry of Oil and Gas | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of oil and gas. Prepare legislation and regulations governing oil and gas. Oversee oil and gas exploration and production activities. Establish "Petroleum Agreements" with...

  20. A New Geothermal Resource Map Of Nicaragua | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    volcanic cordillera. From NW to SE, these areas are Volch Cosiguina, Volcin Casita-San Cristbbal, Volciin Telica-El fiajo, San Jacinto-Tizate, El Hoyo-Monte Galiin,...

  1. Feasibility Study of Economics and Performance of Solar Photovoltaics at the Peru Mill Industrial Park in the City of Deming, New Mexico. A Study Prepared in Partnership with the Environmental Protection Agency for the RE-Powering America's Land Initiative: Siting Renewable Energy on Potentially Contaminated Land and Mine Sites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kiatreungwattana, K.; Geiger, J.; Healey, V.; Mosey, G.

    2013-04-01

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), in accordance with the RE-Powering America's Land initiative, selected the Peru Mill Industrial Park site in the City of Deming, New Mexico, for a feasibility study of renewable energy production. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) provided technical assistance for this project. The purpose of this report is to assess the site for a possible photovoltaic (PV) system installation and estimate the cost, performance, and site impacts of different PV options. In addition, the report recommends financing options that could assist in the implementation of a PV system at the site.

  2. U.S. LNG Imports from Peru

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2010-2016 Liquefied Natural Gas Prices -- -- -- -- -- -- 2010

  3. U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Oman (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2000 2,464 2,461 2,740 2,333 2001 0 2,738 0 1,702 0 1,616 1,635 2,728 1,635 0 0 0 2002 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3,013 0 0 0 0 2003 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2,646 2,322 0 3,664 0 2004 3,041 0 0 0 3,203 0 3,167 0 0 0 0 0 2005 2,464 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2006 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2008 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2010 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2011 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2012 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2013 0 0 0 0 0

  4. Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Oman (Dollars per Thousand

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's -- -- -- 2000's 3.36 5.56 3.34 3.76 5.59 5.72 -- -- -- -- 2010's -- -- -- --

  5. U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Oman (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 0 0 0 2000's 9,998 12,055 3,013 8,632 9,412 2,464 0 0 0 0 2010's 0 0 0 0

  6. Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Oman (Dollars per Thousand

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2001 -- 8.70 -- 4.65 -- 3.99 4.65 4.99 4.65 -- -- -- 2002 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 3.34 -- -- -- -- 2003 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 3.52 3.52 -- 4.08 -- 2004 5.60 -- -- -- 5.76 -- 5.42 -- -- -- -- -- 2005 5.72 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2006 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2007 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2008 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2009 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2010 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --

  7. Nicaragua-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AgencyCompany Organization World Watch Institute Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis, Implementation, Low emission development planning,...

  8. Peru-Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    in an effort to build best practice, share tools and research and to create a growing body of knowledge, from a developing country perspective, that is accessible to the...

  9. Peru-World Bank Climate Projects | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    will come from the sale of CERs of greenhouse gases created by the combustion of methane, which makes up approximately 50 percent of the LFG. Finally, the second component is...

  10. Peru-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Programme (UNDP), German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency (DCCEE),...

  11. Peru-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of Energy Thailand, Ministry of Industry Thailand, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Thailand, Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and...

  12. Peru-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    the Middle East, including the following: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Burkina Faso, China, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Jordan, Kenya, Korea, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia,...

  13. Successful Rural Wind Program in Peru | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    a daily electricity supply. It's helping boost their educational chances, improve communication and facilitate the setting up of businesses. The NGO is hoping to expand in South...

  14. Peru-Forest Investment Program (FIP) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    and poverty reduction opportunities. FIP investments also mainstream climate resilience considerations and contribute to multiple co-benefits such as biodiversity...

  15. Peru-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    illustrates the U.S. perspective on LEDS: Integrated development goals and objectives, national greenhouse gas inventory, and economic and resource data Long-term projections of...

  16. TECNOSOL | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: TECNOSOL Place: Contigua a Panader-a Norma, Nicaragua Sector: Hydro, Solar, Wind energy Product: Nicaragua-based solar, wind, and...

  17. No Slide Title

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    ... - - - - - Spain (Storage) 1.5 0.2% - - - - Peru - - - - - - Note: Percentages may not ... - - - - - - Spain (Storage) - - - - - - Peru - - - - - - Note: Percentages may not ...

  18. File:Central America 50m Wind Power.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Date 20041022 Extent International Countries Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua UN Region Central America Coordinates 13.846614265322,...

  19. File:Cammetst 58.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Date 20031210 Extent Central America Countries Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua UN Region Central America Regions Central America Coordinates...

  20. EPA-GHG Inventory Targeted Data Collection Strategies and Software...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    inventorycapacitybuildingswtoo Country: Nicaragua, Panama, Guatemala, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Honduras, Belize Cost: Free Central America, Central America, Central America,...

  1. U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Peru (Million Cubic Feet...

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2010 0 3,229 3,234 3,206 6,377 2011 3,175 3,338 3,477 6,630 2012 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2013 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2014 0 0 ...

  2. Peru-Partnership for Action on Green Economy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Want, which recognizes the green economy as a vehicle for sustainable development and poverty eradication. PAGE will support 30 countries over the next seven years in building...

  3. Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Peru (Dollars per Thousand

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's -- -- -- 2010's 6.99 7.46 -- --

  4. U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Peru (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 0 0 0 2010's 16,045 16,620 0 0

  5. Peru-Bringing a Range of Supported Mitigation Activities in Selected...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    ECN and Ecofys on supported mitigation activities such as NAMAs, low carbon development (LCD) strategies and technology innovation centers to bring a portfolio of projects from the...

  6. Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Peru (Dollars per Thousand

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2010 0.00 7.09 7.79 6.81 6.62 2011 6.92 7.25 7.58 7.76 2012 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2013 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2014 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2015 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2016

  7. Cameron, LA LNG Imports (Price) from Peru (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's -- -- -- 2010's -- 7.58 -- -- --

  8. Cameron, LA LNG Imports (Price) from Peru (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 7.58 7.58

  9. Freeport, TX Natural Gas LNG Imports (Price) From Peru (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's -- -- -- 2010's 7.44 7.38 -- -- --

  10. Freeport, TX Natural Gas LNG Imports (Price) From Peru (Dollars per

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Thousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011 6.92 7.25 7.96

  11. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Oman " ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. LNG Imports from Oman ...

  12. Role of plate kinematics and plate-slip-vector partitioning in continental magmatic arcs: Evidence from the Cordillera Blanca, Peru

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McNulty, B.A.; Farber, D.L.; Wallace, G.S.; Lopez, R.; Palacios, O.

    1998-09-01

    New structural and geochronological data from the Cordillera Blanca batholith in the Peruvian Andes, coupled with Nazca-South American plate-slip-vector data, indicate that oblique convergence and associated strike-slip partitioning strongly influenced continental magmatic arc evolution. Both the strain field and mode of magmatism (plutonism vs. volcanism) in the late Miocene Peruvian Andes were controlled by the degree to which the arc-parallel component of the plate slip vector was partitioned into the arc. Strong strike-slip partitioning at ca. 8 Ma produced arc-parallel sinistral shear, strike-slip intercordilleran basins and east-west-oriented tension fractures that facilitated emplacement of the Cordillera Blanca batholith (ca. 8.2 {+-} 0.2 Ma). Periods during which the strike-slip component was not partitioned into the arc (ca. 10 and ca. 7 Ma) were associated with roughly arc-normal contraction and ignimbrite volcanism. The data thus support the contention that contraction within continental magmatic arcs favors volcanism, whereas transcurrent shear favors plutonism. The tie between oblique convergence and batholith emplacement in late Miocene Peruvian Andes provides a modern analogue for batholiths emplaced as the result of transcurrent shear in ancient arcs.

  13. Pilot project of biogas production from pig manure and urine mixture at ambient temperature in Ventanilla (Lima, Peru)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ferrer, I. Gamiz, M.

    2009-01-15

    Parque Porcino de Ventanilla has an extension of 840 ha with 2200 farmers dedicated to pig production. There is a lack of services in the area (i.e., water supply, electricity, or waste collection). Anaerobic treatment of pig manure would replace current dumping and incineration, reducing environmental pollution and hazards to public health, as well as providing an organic fertilizer and biogas. The objective of the present work was to study the viability of ambient temperature anaerobic digestion of pig manure diluted in urine, by means of on-site pilot scale reactors. The final goal was to establish design parameters for anaerobic digesters to be implemented; since it was part of a project to improve life conditions for the farmers through the incorporation of better management techniques. Experiments were carried out in a low-cost pilot plant, which consists of three anaerobic digesters (225 L total volume), without heating or agitation, placed in a greenhouse. The start-up of the digestion process was performed with a mixture of temperature adapted pig manure-sludge and fresh rumen, and showed a good performance regardless of the dilution of pig manure with water or urine, which is a key parameter due to the scarcity of water in the area under study.

  14. Land use change and carbon exchange in the tropics. I. Detailed estimates for Costa Rice, Panama, Peru, and Bolivia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hall, C.A.S.; Detwiler, R.P.; Bogdonoff, P.; Underhill, S.

    1985-01-01

    This group, composed of modelers working in conjunction with tropical ecologists, has produced a simulation model that quantifies the net carbon exchange between tropical vegetation and the atmosphere due to land use change. The model calculates this net exchange by combining estimates of land use change with several estimates of the carbon stored in tropical vegetation and general assumptions about the fate of cleared vegetation. In this report, the authors use estimates of land use and carbon of land use and carbon storage organized into six life zone (sensu Holdridge) categories to calculate the exchange between the atmosphere and the vegetation of four tropical countries. Their analyses of these countries indicate that this life zone approach has several advantages because (a) the carbon content of vegetation varies significantly among life zones, (b) much of the land use change occurs in life zones of only moderate carbon storage, and (c) the fate of cleared vegetation varies among life zones. Their analyses also emphasize the importance of distinguishing between temporary and permanent land use change, as the recovery of vegetation on abandoned areas decreases the net release of carbon due to clearing. They include sensitivity analysis of those factors that they found to be important but are difficult to quantify at present.

  15. PPPL physicist wins Early Career Research Program grant to develop...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... way to visit his ailing father in Lima, Peru. "It was difficult to be happy because ... the Pontificia Universidad Catolica del Peru, and a master's degree in astrophysics ...

  16. Collaboration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Illinois Otterbein College, Westerville, Ohio Pontificia Universidad Catolica del Peru, Lima, Peru University of Florida-Gainesville Universidad de Guanajuato, Mexico University of ...

  17. Microsoft Word - 2002_WREC_SWERA_full_paper.doc

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    data from geostationary satellites we provide solar irradiance data for Cuba, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Guatemala, Brazil, Ghana, Ethiopia, Kenya, China, Sri Lanka,...

  18. File:NREL-camdirjune.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Creation Date 2003-12-10 Extent International Countries Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua UN Region Central America File history Click on a datetime to...

  19. File:NREL-camdirsept.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Creation Date 2003-12-10 Extent International Countries Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua UN Region Central America File history Click on a datetime to...

  20. File:NREL-camdirapr.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Creation Date 2003-12-10 Extent International Countries Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua UN Region Central America File history Click on a datetime to...

  1. File:NREL-camdiraug.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Creation Date 2003-12-10 Extent International Countries Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua UN Region Central America File history Click on a datetime to...

  2. USAID Central America and Mexico Regional Climate Program (E...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    analysis Website http:www.usaid.govourwork Country Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Belize, Costa Rica, Panama, Honduras Central America, Central America,...

  3. File:NREL-camdirmay.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Creation Date 2003-12-10 Extent International Countries Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua UN Region Central America File history Click on a datetime to...

  4. File:NREL-camdirjan.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Creation Date 2003-12-10 Extent International Countries Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua UN Region Central America File history Click on a datetime to...

  5. File:NREL-camdiroct.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Creation Date 2003-12-10 Extent International Countries Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua UN Region Central America File history Click on a datetime to...

  6. File:NREL-camdirmar.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Creation Date 2003-12-10 Extent International Countries Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua UN Region Central America File history Click on a datetime to...

  7. Production of high Resoulution Irradiance Data for Central America...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    irradiance (GHI) and direct irradiance (DNI) data sets for the countries of Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. Much of our initial effort focused on building up...

  8. File:NREL-camdirdec.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Creation Date 2003-12-10 Extent International Countries Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua UN Region Central America File history Click on a datetime to...

  9. File:NREL-camgloann.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Creation Date 2003-12-10 Extent International Countries Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua UN Region Central America File history Click on a datetime to...

  10. File:NREL-camdirfeb.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Creation Date 2003-12-10 Extent International Countries Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua UN Region Central America File history Click on a datetime to...

  11. File:NREL-camdirann.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Creation Date 2003-12-10 Extent International Countries Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua UN Region Central America File history Click on a datetime to...

  12. File:NREL-camdirnov.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Creation Date 2003-12-10 Extent International Countries Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua UN Region Central America File history Click on a datetime to...

  13. File:NREL-camdirjuly.pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Creation Date 2003-12-10 Extent International Countries Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua UN Region Central America File history Click on a datetime to...

  14. Microsoft Word - TOC Section I Conformed thru Mod 274.docx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nicaragua, or Singapore); (3) A least developed country (Afghanistan, Angola, Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cape Verde, Central African...

  15. Assess institutional frameworks for LEDS for land-use sector...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Nepal-Sectoral Climate Impacts Economic Assessment Nepal-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services Nicaragua-Joint Programme on Resource...

  16. Geospatial Toolkit | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ghana, Guatemala, Honduras, India, Nepal, Nicaragua, Oaxaca, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Turkey Cost: Free Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, South America, Eastern Asia,...

  17. Mini Grid Renewable Energy-Financing Mechanisms | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Micro-finance and Micro and Small Business (MSB) Development: Lessons for the Nicaragua Off-grid Rural Electrification Project, ESMAP, M. Motta and K. Reiche. References...

  18. Caledonian College of Engineering | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Caledonian College of Engineering Jump to: navigation, search Name: Caledonian College of Engineering Place: Oman Product: The College has many labs and workshops for various...

  19. DOE - Fossil Energy:

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    States. The United States imports natural gas from Canada, Mexico, Algeria, Australia, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Malaysia, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Qatar, Trinidad and Tobago, and...

  20. Governance for Sustainable Development in the Arab Region | Open...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Resource Type Guidemanual Website http:www.escwa.un.orginform Country Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab...

  1. Best Practices and Tools for Large-scale Deployment of Renewable...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    www.escwa.un.orginformationpublicationsedituploadsdpd-09-TP3.pdf Country: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab...

  2. United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Background Membership "ESCWA comprises 14 Arab countries in Western Asia: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab...

  3. EM International Strategic Plan 2010-2015

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    ... Japan, Jordan Kazakhstan, Republic of Korea, Lithuania, Morocco, Oman, Poland, Romania, the Russian Federation, Senegal, Slovenia, Ukraine, United Kingdom and the United States. ...

  4. Oil and gas developments in Middle East in 1981

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hemer, D.O; Mason, J.F.; Hatch, G.C.

    1982-11-01

    Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1981 totaled 5,741,096,000 bbl, or an average rate of 15,729,030 BOPD, down 14.9% from 1980. Increases were in Oman, Dubai, and Turkey. Significant decreases occurred in Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, Divided Neutral Zone, Qatar, and Abu Dhabi. New discoveries were made in Oman, Saudi Arabia, and Abu Dhabi.

  5. Oil and gas developments in Middle East in 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hemer, D.O.; Gohrbandt, K.H.A.

    1987-10-01

    Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1986 totaled 4,493,973,000 bbl (an average rate of 12,312,254 BOPD), up 22.3% from the revised 1985 total of 3,673,729,000 bbl. Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Abu Dhabi, and Oman had significant increased; Iran was the only Middle East country with a significant decrease. New fields went on production in Oman and Yemen Arab Republic, and significant discoveries were reported in Iraq, Yemen Arab Republic, Oman, and Syria. However, exploration was generally down in most countries. Exploration and production operations continued to be affected by war in Iraq and Iran. 8 figures, 7 tables.

  6. ARM - Oceans

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... or January of a typical year, especially to the normally cold coast of Ecuador and Peru. ... Nio was initially given to the annual Christmas warm current flowing off the Peru coast. ...

  7. Lesson Plan

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    along the coast of Peru and Ecuador that often begins around Christmas (hence, the name). ... The average sea- level height is about 1 feet higher at Indonesia than at Peru. The ...

  8. Title

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    ... MAXHID cm 10514 6911 525 25 20 5827 7721 21 71 9i2 16fi 271 262 PERU ID ... PERU ID cm 1 63 61 6026 3917 40 51 2113 196 41 20 61 51 40 30 ...

  9. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Peru " ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. LNG Imports from Peru ...

  10. Vietnam-Nordic Partnership Initiative | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    can be matched with up-scaled host country mitigation action through two programs in Peru and Vietnam. The NPI program in Peru will focus on exploring possibilities to lower CO2...

  11. Bennington County, Vermont: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Center, Vermont Manchester, Vermont North Bennington, Vermont Old Bennington, Vermont Peru, Vermont Pownal, Vermont Readsboro, Vermont Rupert, Vermont Sandgate, Vermont...

  12. OLADE-Latin American and Caribbean Energy Efficiency Seminar...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Panama, Mexico, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela, Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica,...

  13. Energy-Economic Information System (SIEE) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Panama, Mexico, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela, Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica,...

  14. OLADE Sustainable Energy Planning Manual | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Panama, Mexico, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela, Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica,...

  15. Legal Energy Information System (SIEL) Database | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Panama, Mexico, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela, Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica,...

  16. South Africa-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Peru, Philippines, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Senegal, Serbia, South Africa and Ukraine." References "UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services" Retrieved from "http:...

  17. NREL: Dynamic Maps, GIS Data, and Analysis Tools - International...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Bhutan.htm Central America Wind 50m Resolution (includes Belize, Cayman Islands, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua (Zip 2.4 MB) 02192009 Central America.htm Chile...

  18. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Middle East. Long-time Middle East exporters, Oman and Abu Dhabi in the United Arab Emirates, have sent and continue to send most of their gas to Asia-Pacific customers, a...

  19. Natural Gas Weekly Update

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Bcf from the Point Fortin plant. Algeria was the source of approximately 52 Bcf, while Egypt supplied 5.7 Bcf. Nigeria, Malaysia, Oman, and Qatar delivered the remaining 14 Bcf....

  20. Natural Gas Weekly Update, Printer-Friendly Version

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Bcf from the Point Fortin plant. Algeria was the source of approximately 52 Bcf, while Egypt supplied 5.7 Bcf. Nigeria, Malaysia, Oman, and Qatar delivered the remaining 14 Bcf....

  1. Middle East

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hemer, D.O.; Mason, J.F.; Hatch, G.C.

    1981-10-01

    Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1980 totaled 6,747,719,000 bbl or an average rate of 18,436,390,000 bbl/d, down 13.9% from 1979. Increases were in Saudi Arabia and Syria. Significant decreases occurred in Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, and Turkey. New discoveries were made in Abu Dhabi, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Sharjah, and Oman. New areas were explored in Bahrain, Oman, Syria, and Yemen. 9 figures, 16 tables.

  2. Oil and gas developments in Middle East in 1982

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hemer, D.O.; Hatch, G.C.

    1983-10-01

    Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1982 totaled 4,499,464,000 bbl (an average rate of 12,162,915 BOPD), down 21.5% from 1981. Increases were in Iraq, Iran, and Oman. Significant decreases occurred in Kuwait, Divided Neutral Zone, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and Abu Dhabi. New discoveries were reported in Oman, Syria, Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Iran, and Saudi Arabia.

  3. Energy and Climate Partnership of the Americas Western Hemisphere Clean Energy Initiative

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Energy Ministers of Mexico, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Peru, Panama and the United States announced the creation of a new Western Hemisphere Clean Energy Initiative.

  4. Climate-Smart Agriculture Country Profiles | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    featuredproductscsa-country-profiles Country: Argentina, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Grenada, Mexico, Peru Cost: Free OpenEI Keyword(s): Agriculture, country profiles,...

  5. FROZEN HEAT A GLOBAL OUTLOOK ON METHANE GAS HYDRATES EXECUTIVE...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Gumusut- Kakap Taiwan Messoyahka New Zealand Cascadia Margin Japan Sea Mexico Costa Rica Peru Selected gas-hydrates study areas The types of gas hydrate deposits considered most ...

  6. Microsoft Word - Mills CV March 2015.docx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Mills, C.S. Romanek and J. Wiegel (2005) Thermosediminibacter oceani and Thermosedminibacter litoriperuensis, new anaerobic thermophilic bacteria isolated from the Peru margin. ...

  7. Energy News | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Clean Energy Initiative Energy Ministers of Mexico, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Peru, Panama and the United States announced the creation of a new Western Hemisphere Clean...

  8. AMO News

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    improved their energy performance by more than 15% over three years. Facilities in Peru, Indiana and Columbia, South Carolina earned Gold level certification, while the Rojo...

  9. EIA-814

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... ,,,"Panama",710,"PM",3205 ,,,"Papua New Guinea",712,"PP",3203 ,,,"Paraguay",715,"PA",3204 ,,,"Peru",720,"PE",3201 ,,,"Philippines",725,"RP",3295 ...

  10. Technology Innovations to Improve Biomass Cookstoves to Meet...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    * U.S. EPA * Colorado State University * Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Partners ... five "Tier 4" prototypes to consumers in Peru, China, Senegal, Kenya, Nepal, and India. ...

  11. Esan Business School for graduates | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Place: Lima, Peru Product: Lima-based academic institution specialized in business administration. The firm conducts research into clean energy. Coordinates: -12.0436,...

  12. Fermilab Today | Director's Corner Archive | 2009

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the last decades. In high energy physics both the Pontificia Universidad Catlica del Peru (PUCP) and the Universidad Nacional de Ingeniera (UNI) have groups working at...

  13. Dunn County, Wisconsin: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Wisconsin Lucas, Wisconsin Menomonie, Wisconsin New Haven, Wisconsin Peru, Wisconsin Red Cedar, Wisconsin Ridgeland, Wisconsin Rock Creek, Wisconsin Sand Creek, Wisconsin...

  14. SNL-ESSC (Sandia National Laboratories - Extreme Sea State Contour...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Romania Russia Rwanda Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa ...

  15. Offshore Wind RD&D: Large Offshore Rotor Development

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Romania Russia Rwanda Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa ...

  16. EC Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Romania Russia Rwanda Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa ...

  17. MELCOR / CSARP / MCAP / IMUG Meetings 2016

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Romania Russia Rwanda Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa ...

  18. Energy and Climate Partnership of the Americas | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    www.ecpamericas.org Program Start 2010 Country Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominica, Mexico, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago, United States South...

  19. The Children's Investment Fund Foundation (CIFF) | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) Chile-Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) Colombia-Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) Peru-Mitigation Action Plans and...

  20. Nemaha County, Nebraska: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    in Nemaha County, Nebraska Auburn, Nebraska Brock, Nebraska Brownville, Nebraska Johnson, Nebraska Julian, Nebraska Nemaha, Nebraska Peru, Nebraska Retrieved from "http:...

  1. Madison County, Iowa: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Zone Subtype A. Places in Madison County, Iowa Bevington, Iowa Earlham, Iowa East Peru, Iowa Macksburg, Iowa Patterson, Iowa St. Charles, Iowa Truro, Iowa Winterset, Iowa...

  2. Clinton County, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    York Lyon Mountain, New York Mooers, New York Morrisonville, New York Parc, New York Peru, New York Plattsburgh West, New York Plattsburgh, New York Redford, New York Rouses...

  3. Oxford County, Maine: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Oxford, Maine Norway, Maine Otisfield, Maine Oxford, Maine Paris, Maine Peru, Maine Porter, Maine Roxbury, Maine Rumford, Maine South Oxford, Maine South Paris, Maine Stoneham,...

  4. Andean Development Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Bolivia Chile Colombia Costa Rica Dominican Republic Ecuador Jamaica Mexico Panama Paraguay Peru Spain Trinidad & Tobago Uruguay Venezuela and 14 private banks in the region....

  5. Oil and gas developments in Middle East in 1984

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hemer, D.O.; Lyle, J.H.

    1985-10-01

    Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1984 totaled 4,088,853,000 bbl (an average rate of 11,144,407 BOPD), down less than 1.0% from the revised total of 4,112,116,000 bbl produced in 1983. Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, and Oman had significant increases; Iran and Dubai had significant decreases. Jordan produced oil, although a minor amount, for the first time ever, and new production facilities were in the planning stage in Syria, North Yemen, and Oman, which will bring new fields on stream when completed.

  6. Oil and gas developments in Middle East in 1985

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hemer, D.O.; Gohrbandt, K.H.A.

    1986-10-01

    Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1985 totaled 3,837,580,000 bbl (an average rate of 10,513,917 BOPD), down 2.2% from the revised 1984 total of 3,924,034,000 bbl. Iran, Iraq, Dubai, Oman, and Syria had significant increases; Kuwait, Kuwait-Saudi Arabia Divided Neutral Zone, Saudi Arabia, and Qatar had significant decreases. New fields went on production in Iraq, Abu Dhabi, Oman, and Syria. In North Yemen, the first ever oil production in that country was nearing the start-up stage at year end. 9 figures, 9 tables.

  7. Oil and gas developments in Middle East in 1984

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hemer, D.O.; Lyle, J.H.

    1985-10-01

    Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1984 totaled 4,088,853,000 bbl (an average rate of 11,144,407 BOPD), down less than 1.0% from the revised total of 4,112,116,000 bbl produced in 1983. Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, and Oman had significant increases; Iran and Dubai had significant decreases. Jordan produced oil, although a minor amount, for the first time ever, and new production facilities were in the planning stage in Syria, North Yemen, and Oman, which will bring new fields on stream when completed. 4 figures, 9 tables.

  8. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - San Andres and Providencia (Fact Sheet); NREL(National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-03-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of the Archipelago of San Andres, Providencia, and Santa Catalina (unpopulated), also known as San Andres and Providencia, which is equidistant between Costa Rica and Jamaica and 775 kilometers northwest of Colombia. The archipelago is part of Colombia, though Nicaragua has also laid claim to it.

  9. 3-D seismology in the Arabian Gulf

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Husseini, M.; Chimblo, R.

    1995-08-01

    Since 1977 when Aramco and GSI (Geophysical Services International) pioneered the first 3-D seismic survey in the Arabian Gulf, under the guidance of Aramco`s Chief Geophysicist John Hoke, 3-D seismology has been effectively used to map many complex subsurface geological phenomena. By the mid-1990s extensive 3-D surveys were acquired in Abu Dhabi, Oman, Qatar and Saudi Arabia. Also in the mid-1990`s Bahrain, Kuwait and Dubai were preparing to record surveys over their fields. On the structural side 3-D has refined seismic maps, focused faults and fractures systems, as well as outlined the distribution of facies, porosity and fluid saturation. In field development, 3D has not only reduced drilling costs significantly, but has also improved the understanding of fluid behavior in the reservoir. In Oman, Petroleum Development Oman (PDO) has now acquired the first Gulf 4-D seismic survey (time-lapse 3D survey) over the Yibal Field. The 4-D survey will allow PDO to directly monitor water encroachment in the highly-faulted Cretaceous Shu`aiba reservoir. In exploration, 3-D seismology has resolved complex prospects with structural and stratigraphic complications and reduced the risk in the selection of drilling locations. The many case studies from Saudi Arabia, Oman, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates, which are reviewed in this paper, attest to the effectiveness of 3D seismology in exploration and producing, in clastics and carbonates reservoirs, and in the Mesozoic and Paleozoic.

  10. Dear Ray,

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    wire costs as 2,000 per foot in a nuclear power plant). "Up in front of the room, a ... invited (and host funded) talks in France, Peru, Australia, Canada, China, India ...

  11. Delgado-Aparicio urges middle school students to pursue careers...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... "Immense rewards" of a science career Delgado-Aparicio said his career in science has already taken him from Peru to the United States and to England and France. He noted that ...

  12. ARM - El Niño Phenomenon

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    In a normal year, a strong ocean current, the Peru or Humboldt Current, flows northwards towards the Equator along the western coast of South America. Due to the rotation of the ...

  13. 10120FSRFG093014.pdf

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... American Geophysical Union, Geophysical Monogrograph Series 124, 87-98. Suits, N.S., and Arthur, M.A., 2000. Sulfur diagenesis and partitioning in Holocene Peru shelf and upper ...

  14. CX-001913: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Wind Power Project - American Recovery and Reinvestment ActCX(s) Applied: B5.1Date: 04/20/2010Location(s): Peru, IllinoisOffice(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office

  15. untitled

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... With research results in hand, in 2014 Atmocean was able to move toward their first project deployment in Peru. They received a permit from the government and additional funding ...

  16. U.S. Climate Change Science Program Scientific Assessment of...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    ... stocks dominate (e.g., Chavez et al., 2003). * ENSO events negatively affect zooplankton and fish stocks, resulting in a collapse of anchovy stocks in offshore ecosystems of Peru. ...

  17. PAPERS PUBLISHED April 1, 2008 - March 31, 2009

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... T. Kono, T. Kaihori, A. Makinaga, S. Goko, H. Akimune, T. Yamagata, H. Toyokawa, T. Matsumoto, H. Harano, S. Hohara, Y.-W. Lui, S. Hilaire, S. Peru, and A.J. Koning Phys. Rev. ...

  18. ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS PUBLISHED

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Makinaga, S. Goko, H. Akimune, T. Yamagata, H. Toyokawa, T. Matsumoto, H. Harano, S. Hohara, Y.-W. Lui, S. Hilaire, S. Peru, and A.J. Koning, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 162502 (2008). ...

  19. Building a Global Low-Carbon Technology Pathway

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    At COP 20 in Lima, Peru, Department of Energy staff will discuss actions we're taking to help implement the United States' commitments to fight global climate change.

  20. Developing El Niño The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administratio...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... The trade winds weaken, allowing the warm pool to drift eastward, toward the western coast of Ecuador and Peru. The region of warm, humid, rising air moves eastward with the warm ...

  1. Recent News from the National Labs | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    could help. Building a Global Low-Carbon Technology Pathway At COP 20 in Lima, Peru, Department of Energy staff will discuss actions we're taking to help implement the...

  2. MHK Technologies/SMART Monofloat | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to the MHK database homepage Mono.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Smart Hydro Power GmbH Project(s) where this technology is utilized *MHK ProjectsMarisol Peru SHP...

  3. INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... DATE: August 14, 2001 DATE: LY 3 3OOJ PLACE: Washingon, D.C. PLACE: Lima, Peru Witnessed by John R. Hamilton Ambassador of the United States of America -6- ANNEX INTELLECTUAL ...

  4. Department of Energy Planning Cookstoves Research, Releases Biomass

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Technical Meeting Summary | Department of Energy Planning Cookstoves Research, Releases Biomass Technical Meeting Summary Department of Energy Planning Cookstoves Research, Releases Biomass Technical Meeting Summary May 10, 2011 - 12:02pm Addthis Improved cookstove in village of Santa Cruz de Lanchi, installed through Peru’s national cookstove program. | Photo credit: Ranyee Chiang, DOE Improved cookstove in village of Santa Cruz de Lanchi, installed through Peru's national cookstove

  5. South America: everybody is drilling almost everywhere

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-08-15

    A group of studies describes accomplishments in 1980 in South America drilling and producing. There may be 3285 wells drilled during 1980, with the majority in Venezuela, Argentina and Peru, compared with a 2934 total for all countries on the continent in 1979. Reserves at the end of 1979 in South America exceeded 27 billion bbl, and production averaged 3.8 million bpd. Individual country reports are given for Venezuela, Argentina, Brazil, Trinidad, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Chile, Bolivia, Paraguay, Urauguay, and Guyana.

  6. Specialized equipment enabled completions with large coiled tubing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Taylor, R.W.; Conrad, B.

    1996-02-19

    Specialized equipment enabled successful well completions in Oman with large 3{1/2}-inch coiled tubing. Conventional drilling or completion rigs were not needed. Although the use of 3{1/2}-inch coiled tubing to complete wells is relatively new, it is gaining widespread industry application. One Middle East operating company felt that if downhole completion equipment could be successfully run using coiled tubing, greater cost efficiency, both in initial deployment and in maintenance, could be derived. The paper lists some of the technical considerations for these assumptions. The long-term advantages regarding production and well maintenance cannot yet be determined, but experience in Oman has confirmed the belief that large coiled tubing completions can be technically achieved.

  7. LNG Observer: Second Qatargas train goes onstream

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-01-01

    The January-February, 1997 issue of the LNG Observer is presented. The following topics are discussed: second Qatargas train goes onstream; financing for the eighth Indonesian liquefaction train; Koreans take stakes in Oman LNG; US imports and exports of LNG in 1996; A 60% increase in proved reserves on the North West Shelf; proposals for Indian LNG terminal CEDIGAZ forecasts world LNG trade by 2010; growth for North African gas production and exports; and new forecast sees strong growth for Asian gas.

  8. Middle East: Output expansions boost drilling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-08-01

    Iraqi exports may return to the market in limited fashion, but none of the region`s producers seems particularly concerned. They believe that global oil demand is rising fast enough to justify their additions to productive capacity. The paper discusses exploration, drilling and development, and production in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, the Neutral Zone, Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Oman, Iran, Iraq, Yemen, Qatar, Syria, Turkey, and Sharjah. The paper also briefly mentions activities in Bahrain, Israel, Jordan, and Ras al Khaimah.

  9. Middle East oil and gas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1984-12-01

    The following subjects are covered in this publication: (1) position of preeminence of the Middle East; (2) history of area's oil operations for Iran, Iraq, Bahrain, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, neutral zone, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Oman and Egypt; (3) gas operations of Saudi Arabia, Iran, Kuwait, Qatar, Iraq and United Arab Emirates; (4) changing relationships with producing countries; (5) a new oil pricing environment; (6) refining and other industrial activities; and (7) change and progress. 10 figs., 12 tabs.

  10. The slowdown continues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1988-08-01

    The author reviews the oil market in the Middle East. Some of the highlights are: Aramco activity in Saudi Arabi seems to be struck at a historically low level; Iran is maintaining production rates despite persistent Iraqi, U.S. attacks; Iraq plans ambitious 5-year drilling program, development of eight new fields; and Oman set reserves record with any finds, remains the area's biggest driller.

  11. Technically Recoverable Shale Oil and Shale Gas Resources:

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Oman Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 September 2015 September 2015 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Technically Recoverable Shale Oil and Shale Gas Resources i This report was prepared by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. By law, EIA's data, analyses, and forecasts are independent of approval by any other officer or employee of the

  12. Closing Statement to the GNEP Ministerial | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Statement to the GNEP Ministerial Closing Statement to the GNEP Ministerial October 1, 2008 - 3:43pm Addthis Remarks as Prepared for Secretary Bodman Thank you, Minister Borloo . . . and many thanks to the French government for hosting this meeting and for your leadership within GNEP. I also want to acknowledge the four newest members of our Partnership: Armenia, Estonia, Morocco and Oman, each of which signed our Statement of Principles today. As Minister Borloo indicated, today the GNEP

  13. Community College Highlights Paducah Site Groundwater Model | Department of

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Statement to the GNEP Ministerial Closing Statement to the GNEP Ministerial October 1, 2008 - 3:43pm Addthis Remarks as Prepared for Secretary Bodman Thank you, Minister Borloo . . . and many thanks to the French government for hosting this meeting and for your leadership within GNEP. I also want to acknowledge the four newest members of our Partnership: Armenia, Estonia, Morocco and Oman, each of which signed our Statement of Principles today. As Minister Borloo indicated, today the GNEP

  14. Recent hydrocarbon developments in Latin America: Key issues in the downstream oil sector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, K.; Pezeshki, S.

    1995-03-01

    This report discusses the following: (1) An overview of major issues in the downstream oil sector, including oil demand and product export availability, the changing product consumption pattern, and refineries being due for major investment; (2) Recent upstream developments in the oil and gas sector in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela; (3) Recent downstream developments in the oil and gas sector in Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru, Cuba, and Venezuela; (4) Pipelines in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, and Mexico; and (5) Regional energy balance. 4 figs., 5 tabs.

  15. Americas' Energy Leaders Take Action to Realize Energy and Climate

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Partnership of the Americas | Department of Energy Americas' Energy Leaders Take Action to Realize Energy and Climate Partnership of the Americas Americas' Energy Leaders Take Action to Realize Energy and Climate Partnership of the Americas June 16, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis en Español LIMA, PERU - Energy ministers and other government energy leaders from across the Americas came together with major energy corporations and other experts in Lima, Peru June 15 and 16, 2009 at the Americas Energy

  16. Non-OPEC oil supply continues to grow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knapp, D.H.

    1995-12-25

    Global reserves of crude oil remain at 1 trillion bbl, according to OGJ`s annual survey of producing countries. Significant gains are in Brazil, Colombia, Congo, Egypt, Libya, Nigeria, Oman, and Papua New Guinea. Decreases were reported by Indonesia, Norway, the U.K., Iran, Canada, Mexico, and the US. Natural gas reserves slipped to 4.9 quadrillion cu ft. The major production trend is a lasting surge from outside of OPEC. This year`s Worldwide Production report begins with a detailed analysis of this crucial development by an international authority. This article discusses the OECD outlook by region and the turnaround in production in the former Soviet Union.

  17. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Frequently Requested Methodology Assessed resource basin map Summary tables (2015) Recent Updates Chad Kazakhstan Oman United Arab Emirates Previous Full Reports April 5, 2011 (16.8 mb) June 13, 2013 (64.9 mb) World Shale Resource Assessments Last updated: September 24, 2015 This series of reports provides an initial assessment of world shale oil and shale gas resources. The first edition was released in 2011 and updates are released on an on-going basis. Four countries were added in 2014: Chad,

  18. 28. annual offshore technology conference: Proceedings. Volume 4: Field drilling and development systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-12-31

    The 88 papers in this volume cover the following topics: Small operator implementation of subsea technology; Control system umbilicals, components and ROV interfacing; DeepStar--Results and plans; Deepwater subsea manifold systems; Drilling technology; Limit state design criteria for pipelines; Liuhua project; Mobile offshore drilling units; Offshore coiled tubing operations; Oman-India gas pipeline; Paraffin and hydrate control; Pompano--A deepwater subsea development; Severe operating conditions; Subsea production systems; and Well completions technology. Papers have been processed separately for inclusion on the data base.

  19. Lead Emissions from the Use of Leaded Aviation Gasoline in the...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    ... FIEL 19 0.021 29083 GLY MO HENRY CLINTON MEMORIAL 19 0.021 18103 I76 IN MIAMI PERU MUNI 19 0.021 30041 HVR MT HILL HAVRE CITY-COUNTY 19 0.021 37117 MCZ NC MARTIN MARTIN ...

  20. Microsoft Word - Final stay rate 03.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... 49 53 57 Brazil 204 26 23 22 24 25 Chile 31 31 27 31 24 28 Colombia 31 35 35 28 31 35 Peru 22 62 57 52 46 41 Other Central South America 61 40 42 42 44 49 Country not specified ...

  1. Stay Rates of Foreign Doctorate Recipients from U.S. Universities...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... 55 55 55 Brazil 125 35 32 30 27 30 Chile 36 49 52 49 46 49 Colombia 49 54 45 49 47 56 Peru 19 57 57 57 63 68 Venezuela 64 44 43 46 48 45 Other Central South America 140 55 52 51 ...

  2. Stay Rates of Foreign Doctorate Recipients from U.S. Universities...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... 64 73 69 Brazil 157 26 26 26 26 25 Chile 19 42 36 30 36 37 Colombia 25 43 34 34 30 30 Peru 31 48 48 55 55 55 Other Central South America 180 44 45 48 47 48 Total, all countries ...

  3. Marine and Hydrokinetic (MHK) Technology Development Risk Management...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    64-9-970-4606 0800-456-270 NORWAY 47-21-590-025 800-18093 PANAMA 011-001-800-5072372 PERU 0800-53731 PHILIPPINES 63-2-858-3760 1800-111-42436 POLAND 00-800-1213476 PORTUGAL...

  4. Page

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    ... Peru PE501 Loreto 34 0.3 PE502 Talara 32.7 0.1 PE505 High Cold Test 37.5 NA PE506 Bayovar 22.6 NA PE507 Low Cold Test 34.3 NA PE508 Carmen Central-5 20.7 NA PE509 Shiviyacu-23 20.8 ...

  5. U.S. Crude Oil Imports

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Peru 14 11 8 11 9 6 1995-2015 Puerto Rico 1973-1997 Russia 269 223 101 42 18 28 1973-2015 Singapore 1993-2006 South Africa 2006-2009 Spain 1995-1996 Sweden 2000-2000 Syria 3 ...

  6. Microsoft PowerPoint - 10_Zarling GTRI OSRP Overview NMMSS.ppt...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    11 44 Ecuador 37 8 France 44 125 Germany 48 14 India 101 289 Israel 7 31 Italy 11 1,202 Japan 1 2 Peru 486 60 Singapore 1 0 South Africa 69 23 Sweden 9 20 Switzerland 5 16 Uruguay...

  7. Source rocks of the Sub-Andean basins

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Raedeke, L.D. )

    1993-02-01

    Seven source rock systems were mapped using a consistent methodology to allow basin comparison from Trinidad to southern Chile. Silurian and Devonian systems, deposited in passive margin and intracratonic settings, have fair-good original oil/gas potential from central and northern Bolivia to southern Peru. Kerogens range from mature in the foreland to overmature in the thrust belt. Permian to Carboniferous deposition in local restricted basins formed organic-rich shales and carbonates with very good original oil/gas potential, principally in northern Bolivia and southern Peru. Late Triassic to early Jurassic marine shales and limestones, deposited in deep, narrow, basins from Ecuador to north-central maturity. Locally, in the Cuyo rift basin of northern Argentina, a Triassic lacustrine unit is a very good, mature oil source. Early Cretaceous to Jurassic marine incursions into the back-arc basins of Chile-Argentina deposited shales and limestones. Although time transgressive (younging to the south), this system is the principal source in southern back-arc basins, with best potential in Neuquen, where three intervals are stacked A late Cretaceous marine transgressive shale is the most important source in northern South America. The unit includes the La Luna and equivalents extending from Trinidad through Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, and into northern Peru. Elsewhere in South America upper Cretaceous marine-lacustrine rocks are a possible source in the Altiplano and Northwest basins of Bolivia and Argentina. Middle Miocene to Oligocene source system includes shallow marine, deltaic, and lacustrine sediments from Trinidad to northern Peru.

  8. Review of South American mines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1984-07-01

    A general overview is presented of the mining activity and plans for South America. The countries which are presented are Columbia, Argentina, Brazil, Venezuela, Chile, Peru, and Bolivia. The products of the mines include coal, bauxite, gold, iron, uranium, copper and numerous other minor materials. A discussion of current production, support and processing facilities, and mining strategies is also given.

  9. Oil and gas development in Middle East in 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hemer, D.O.; Gohrbandt, K.H.A.; Phillips, C.B.

    1988-10-01

    Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1987 totaled an estimated 4,500,500,000 bbl (an average rate of 12,330,137 b/d), up slightly from the revised 1986 total of 4,478,972,000 bbl. Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Yemen Arab Republic had significant increases; Kuwait and Saudi Arabia had significant decreases. Production was established for the first time in People's Democratic Republic of Yemen. New fields went on production in Iraq, Oman, People's Democratic Republic of Yemen, and Syria, and significant oil discoveries were reported in Iraq, Oman, People's Democratic Republic of Yemen, Syria, and Yemen Arab Republic. The level of exploration increased in 1987 with new concessions awarded in some countries, drilling and seismic activities on the increase, new regions in mature areas explored for the first time, and significant reserve additions reported in new and old permits. The Iraq-Iran war still had a negative impact in some regions of the Middle East, particularly in and around the Gulf. 11 figs., 4 tabs.

  10. Global warming and the regions in the Middle East

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alvi, S.H.; Elagib, N.

    1996-12-31

    The announcement of NASA scientist James Hansen made at a United States Senate`s hearing in June 1988 about the onset of global warming ignited a whirlwind of public concern in United States and elsewhere in the world. Although the temperature had shown only a slight shift, its warming has the potential of causing environmental catastrophe. According to atmosphere scientists, the effect of higher temperatures will change rainfall patterns--some areas getting drier, some much wetter. The phenomenon of warming in the Arabian Gulf region was first reported by Alvi for Bahrain and then for Oman. In the recent investigations, the authors have found a similar warming in other regions of the Arabian Gulf and in several regions of Sudan in Africa. The paper will investigate the observed data on temperature and rainfall of Seeb in Oman, Bahrain, International Airport in Kuwait as index stations for the Arabian Gulf and Port Sudan, Khartoum and Malakal in the African Continent of Sudan. Based on various statistical methods, the study will highlight a drying of the regions from the striking increase in temperature and decline of rainfall amount. Places of such environmental behavior are regarded as desertifying regions. Following Hulme and Kelly, desertification is taken to mean land degradation in dryland regions, or the permanent decline in the potential of the land to support biological activity, and hence human welfare. The paper will also, therefore, include the aspect of desertification for the regions under consideration.

  11. The oil policies of the Gulf Arab Nations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ripple, R.D.; Hagen, R.E.

    1995-03-01

    At its heart, Arab oil policy is inseparable from Arab economic and social policy. This holds whether we are talking about the Arab nations as a group or each separately. The seven Arab nations covered in this report-Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates--participate in several organizations focusing on regional cooperation regarding economic development, social programs, and Islamic unity, as well as organizations concerned with oil policies. This report focuses on the oil-related activities of the countries that may reveal the de facto oil policies of the seven Persian Gulf nations. Nevertheless it should be kept in mind that the decision makers participating in the oil policy organizations are also involved with the collaborative efforts of these other organizations. Oil policies of five of the seven Arab nations are expressed within the forums of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC). Only Oman, among the seven, is not a member of either OAPEC or OPEC; Bahrain is a member of OAPEC but not of OPEC. OPEC and OAPEC provide forums for compromise and cooperation among their members. Nevertheless, each member state maintains its own sovereignty and follows its own policies. Each country deviates from the group prescription from time to time, depending upon individual circumstances.

  12. Workshop on the utilization of coal as an alternative to petroleum fuels in the Andean region. Volume 2. Contributed papers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1985-06-28

    Since the advent of the petroleum crisis in the mid-seventies, with its escalating fuel-oil prices, coal production has shown a substantial increase. Worldwide coal reserves are large, and the technology exists to exploit these reserves. Andean countries, especially Peru, are known to have significant underutilized coal reserves, which could prove socially and economically attractive for energy policy and planning and for long-term self-sufficiency. At present, many industrial operations and electric-generating facilities in Bolivia, Ecuador, and Peru are dependent on fuel-oil from diminishing domestic reserves or from imports. With current prices of coal generally about half those for residual petroleum fuels (based on energy content), the potential exists for exploitation of Andean coal as an alternative to petroleum fuels. Greater use of coal resources would help meet the demand for increased energy needed to improve living standards and for increased industrialization in the area.

  13. Table 9. Summary of U.S. natural gas imports by point of entry...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    ... 2.83 0 -- 0 -- Total 26,014 5.21 15,175 5.97 6,212 2.83 5,627 14.85 5,616 4.47 LNG (Peru) Freeport, TX 6,463 7.44 9,775 7.38 0 -- 0 -- 0 -- Cameron, LA 0 -- 6,845 7.58 0 -- 0 ...

  14. INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS Signed by Secretary Spencer Abraham January 2001-December 2004 TABLE OF CONTENTS Joint Statement of ntent between the Department of Energy of the United States ofAmerica and The Ministry of Energy and Mines of the Republic ofPeru on Cooperation in the Field of Energy -Tab 1 Fifth Hemispheric Energy Ministers Meeting Mexico City, Mexico - March 9, 2001. Mexico Declaration - Energy: A Crucial Factor for Integration and Sustainable Development in the Hemisphere - Tab 2

  15. "Terrywallaceite" now in official roster of known minerals

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    » June » "Terrywallaceite" Now In Official Roster Of Known Minerals "Terrywallaceite" now in official roster of known minerals The slender, needle-like metallic-black crystals of Terrywallaceite were found in the Julcani Mining District of Peru. June 8, 2011 The mineral "Terrywallaceite" The mineral "Terrywallaceite" I am honored and humbled that a group of geoscientists and peers would suggest naming a mineral after me and that the international

  16. Idaho CERCLA Disposal Facility at Idaho National Laboratory

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS Signed by Secretary Spencer Abraham January 2001-December 2004 TABLE OF CONTENTS Joint Statement of ntent between the Department of Energy of the United States ofAmerica and The Ministry of Energy and Mines of the Republic ofPeru on Cooperation in the Field of Energy -Tab 1 Fifth Hemispheric Energy Ministers Meeting Mexico City, Mexico - March 9, 2001. Mexico Declaration - Energy: A Crucial Factor for Integration and Sustainable Development in the Hemisphere - Tab 2

  17. Science Briefs - 2011

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    /newsroom/_assets/images/newsroom-icon.jpg Science Briefs - 2011 Read in detail about specific Los Alamos science achievements, and the honors our scientists are accruing. The mineral "Terrywallaceite" "Terrywallaceite" now in official roster of known minerals The slender, needle-like metallic-black crystals of Terrywallaceite were found in the Julcani Mining District of Peru. - 6/8/11 submit Science Briefs - 2011 June Contact Us Communications Office (505) 667-7000 Fast

  18. IT Specialist | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS Signed by Secretary Spencer Abraham January 2001-December 2004 TABLE OF CONTENTS Joint Statement of ntent between the Department of Energy of the United States ofAmerica and The Ministry of Energy and Mines of the Republic ofPeru on Cooperation in the Field of Energy -Tab 1 Fifth Hemispheric Energy Ministers Meeting Mexico City, Mexico - March 9, 2001. Mexico Declaration - Energy: A Crucial Factor for Integration and Sustainable Development in the Hemisphere - Tab 2

  19. South America: Growth in E and P opportunities keeps accelerating. [Oil and gas exploration and development in South America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-08-01

    This paper reviews and summarizes the oil and gas developments in Columbia, Argentina, Venezuela, Brazil, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile, and other South American oil and gas producing countries during 1992 through 1993 and forecasts the future developments. The expanding exploration in these areas has resulted from the major new oil finds and the need for local countries to help stabilize their currency. The paper discusses exploration and drilling activity, production, and financial expenditures made on developing this regions reserves.

  20. South America: Investment target of the world

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-08-01

    The paper discusses investment in the oil and gas industries of South America. For Venezuela, first-round profit sharing, marginal field agreements, and drilling and production activities are described. Exploration, resource development, and production are also described for Argentina, Colombia, Brazil, Ecuador, Trinidad and Tobago, Peru, Bolivia, Chile, Uruguay, and the Falkland Islands. Political problems in Ecuador, licensing in Trinidad and Tobago, and the privatization of Petroperu are also mentioned.

  1. Good prospects overcome domestic politics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-08-01

    The paper discusses the South American gas and oil industries. Opening ever wider to private investment, the continent is attracting a flood of foreign and local firms, pushing drilling and production rates still higher. This is despite a rash of political problems in many countries, including guerrillas, environmentalists, crooked officials and border disputes. Separate evaluations are given for Venezuela, Argentina, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago, Chile, and briefly for Falkland Islands, Paraguay, Suriname, and Barbados.

  2. June

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1 » June /newsroom/_assets/images/newsroom-icon.jpg June Read about Los Alamos Lab's science highlights, honors, achievements, and awards. The mineral "Terrywallaceite" "Terrywallaceite" now in official roster of known minerals The slender, needle-like metallic-black crystals of Terrywallaceite were found in the Julcani Mining District of Peru. - 6/8/11 Science Briefs - 2011 June

  3. Collaboration inspires nuclear engineering student Alexis Kaplan

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Alexis Kaplan Collaboration inspires nuclear engineering student Alexis Kaplan Researcher designs a system that improves nuclear energy security August 27, 2013 Alexis Kaplan Alexis Kaplan has climbed many mountains: Wheeler Peak in New Mexico, 14-ners in Colorado, and Machu Picchu in Peru. When she is not doing science look for her outdoors or visiting another country. Inspired by the world-class nuclear research environment and invigorated by the small city's proximity to outdoor activities,

  4. United Nations geothermal activities in developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beredjick, N.

    1987-07-01

    The United Nations implements technical cooperation projects in developing countries through its Department of Technical Cooperation for Development (DTCD). The DTCD is mandated to explore for and develop natural resources (water, minerals, and relevant infrastructure) and energy - both conventional and new and renewable energy sources. To date, the United Nations has been involved in over 30 geothermal exploration projects (completed or underway) in 20 developing countries: 8 in Africa (Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar); 8 in Asia (China, India, Jordan, Philippines, Thailand); 9 in Latin America (Bolivia, Chile, El Salvador, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama) and 6 in Europe (Greece, Romania, Turkey, Yugoslavia). Today, the DTCD has seven UNDP geothermal projects in 6 developing countries. Four of these (Bolivia, China, Honduras, and Kenya) are major exploration projects whose formulation and execution has been possible thanks to the generous contributions under cost-sharing arrangements from the government of Italy. These four projects are summarized.

  5. Oil and gas developments in South America, Central America, Caribbean area, and Mexico in 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wiman, W.D.

    1988-10-01

    Exploration activity in South America, Central America, the Caribbean area, and Mexico in 1987 showed significant increases in seismic acquisition in Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Mexico, Paraguay, and Peru, and a decrease in Chile and Venezuela. Exploratory drilling increased in most major producing countries but was accompanied by a decline in development drilling. Most of the increase could be attributed to private companies fulfilling obligations under risk contracts; however, state oil companies in Bolivia, Chile, and Colombia showed significant increased activity, with only Mexico showing a decrease. Colombia again had a dramatic increase in production (29% from 1986). Noteworthy discoveries were made in Bolivia (Villamontes-1); Brazil, in the Solimoes basin (1-RUC-1-AM); Chile (Rio Honda-1); Colombia, in the Llanos basin (Austral-1, La Reforma-1, Libertad Norte-1, Cravo Este-1, and Cano Yarumal-1), in the Upper Magdalena basin (Toldado-1 and Los Mangos-1); Ecuador (Frontera-1, a joint-exploration venture with Colombia); Mexico, in the Chiapas-Tabasco region (Guacho-1 and Iridi-1), in the Frontera Norte area (Huatempo-1); Peru, in the Madre de Dios basin (Armihuari-4X); Trinidad (West East Queen's Beach-1); and Venezuela (Musipan-1X). Brazil's upper Amazon (Solimoes basin) discovery, Colombia's Upper Magdalena basin discoveries Toldado-1 and Los Mangos-1, Mexico's Chiapas-Tabasco discoveries, Peru's confirmation of the giant Cashiriari discovery of 1986, and Venezuela's success in Monagas state were the highlights of 1987. 5 figs., 8 tabs.

  6. TEAMING AS A SMALL BUSINESS Brent L. Clark, Vice President Performance Results Corporation

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    TEAMING AS A SMALL BUSINESS Brent L. Clark, Vice President Performance Results Corporation 2 WHO IS PERFORMANCE RESULTS CORPORATION? * Incorporated i n A pril 2 000 * SBA C er4fied S mall, W oman---Owned C orpora4on * Kathy C linton O wner a nd P resident * Located a t 6 C anyon R oad, M organtown, W V * Employs o ver 2 30 p ersonnel l ocated a cross 1 6 ci4es a nd 1 3 s tates * 2010 r evenue w as $ 25M, p rojected t o e xceed $30M i n 2 011 * Primary c lients a re t he D OE, D OJ, C DC, a nd A

  7. Comparison of the Distributions of Bromine, Lead and Zinc in Tooth and Bone from an Ancient Peruvian Burial site by X-ray Fluorescence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martin,R.; Naftel, S.; Nelson, A.; Sapp, W.

    2007-01-01

    Synchrotron micro X-ray fluorescence was used to study the distribution of selected trace elements (Zn, Pb, and Br) in tooth and bone samples obtained from an individual from a pre-Columbian archaeological site (Cabur) located on the north coast of Peru. The results show that Zn, Pb, and Br are present in both the teeth and bone samples and that the Zn and Pb seem to be confined to similar regions (cementum and periostium), while Br shows a novel distribution with enrichment close to the Haversian canals and (or) in regions that appear to be Ca deficient.

  8. Power Plays: Geothermal Energy In Oil and Gas Fields

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The SMU Geothermal Lab is hosting their 7th international energy conference and workshop Power Plays: Geothermal Energy in Oil and Gas Fields May 18-20, 2015 on the SMU Campus in Dallas, Texas. The two-day conference brings together leaders from the geothermal, oil and gas communities along with experts in finance, law, technology, and government agencies to discuss generating electricity from oil and gas well fluids, using the flare gas for waste heat applications, and desalinization of the water for project development in Europe, China, Indonesia, Mexico, Peru and the US. Other relevant topics include seismicity, thermal maturation, and improved drilling operations.

  9. Venezuela No. 1 oil import source in S. America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-08-10

    This paper reports that with the exception of Venezuela, the U.S. is likely to import much oil from South American countries through 2010, the General Accounting Office reports. GAO, a congressional watchdog agency, noted the U.S. imports about 4% of its oil from Colombia, Ecuador, and Trinidad and Tobago and possibly could import from Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, and Peru in the future. It the the eight countries' crude oil reserves are expected to increase about 30% by 2000, then slide about 2% by 2010. Their oil production is expected to climb about 21% over 1990 by 2000, then level off until 2010.

  10. Infrastructure opportunities in South America: Energy sector. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-06-01

    The report, conducted by CG/LA, Inc., was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency. The report was assembled for the South American Infrastructure Conference held in New Orleans. It contains a regional overview of infrastructure activities in ten countries represented at the conference. Also covered are project listings in five sectors, including Energy, Transportation, Environment, Telecommunications, and Industry. The study covers TDA case studies as well as project financeability. The ten countries covered in the report include the following: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela. This volume focuses on the Energy Sector in South America.

  11. South America: Producers brace for hard times

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1986-08-01

    The outlook for South American petroleum development is the topic of this review. Observations include: Brazil confirms giant discovery, continues drive for deepwater production; Eastern Llanos fields propel Colombia into ranks of oil-exporting nations; Venezuela's PdVSA revamps, goes overseas in search of downstream integration; Production downturn in Argentina while YPF staggers under debt load, mismanagement; Peru renegotiates contracts, nationalizes one operator and asks others to join search; Sharp drilling decline in Trinidad, but production rises because of tax incentives; Ecuador breaks with Opec, adopts wide-open production strategy, flexible prices; Drilling, oil output increase in Bolivia, government moves to rein in YPFB.

  12. Establishing Ergonomics in Industrially Developing Countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stewart, K; Silverstein, B; Kiefer, M

    2005-08-29

    The introduction of ergonomics is an ongoing effort in industrially developing countries and will ultimately require an organized, programmatic approach spanning several countries and organizations. Our preliminary efforts with our partner countries of Viet Nam, Thailand, and Nicaragua have demonstrated that a one-time course is just the first step in a series of necessary events to provide skills and create an infrastructure that will have lasting impact for the host country. To facilitate that any sort of training has a lasting impact, it is recommended that host countries establish a 'contract' with class participants and the guest instructors for at least one follow-up visit so instructors can see the progress and support the participants in current and future efforts. With repeated exchanges, the class participants can become the 'in country experts' and the next generation of ergonomic trainers. Additionally, providing participants with an easy to use hazard assessment tool and methods for evaluating the financial impact of the project (cost/benefit analysis) will assist increase the likelihood of success and establish a foundation for future projects. In the future, developing trade and regionally/culturally specific 'ergonomics toolkits' can help promote broader implementation, especially where training resources may be limited.

  13. Solar cooking trends--A preliminary report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blum, B.L.

    1992-12-31

    This report discusses early results of research on trends in solar cooking worldwide and the key factors in those trends. It is based on household interviews in Belize, Honduras and Nicaragua and mail surveys from scattered individuals and promotion projects worldwide. Household interviews from six more countries will be included in future reports. Early data indicate that where solar cooking has been introduced an immediate, rapid increase in awareness and interest in solar cooking is followed by slow, sustained growth in actual solar cooking two or three years later, after an incubation period. Access to information and affordable materials for the cookers are important. Individual users and promoters both identify similar key elements for effective promotion projects, but in current projects many are often missing. Even so, successes of these small-scale efforts verify the benefits and acceptability of solar cooking to families in many regions, and should encourage much broader promotion efforts. Future reports will explore various economic, technical, cultural and environmental factors in solar cooking use as guides for larger efforts.

  14. Sixth special price report: world petroleum-product prices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1984-01-11

    Twice annually, Energy Detente accesses its own twice-monthly supplement, the Fuel Price/Tax Series, for an overview of how prices and taxes for refined petroleum products from natural gas to asphalt for end-users are changing. In this issue, it also updates its review of individual nations' pricing as to controls or free-market practices. The front cover chart reveals that, in terms of US dollars, the world average price of regular leaded (RL) gasoline is US $1.63, and high-octane leaded is US $1.78 - a difference of about 9%. A table details RL retail prices, the taxes pertaining to them, the percentages that those taxes are of prices, plus the January 1983 prices and the price change in US dollars over the period. In terms of US dollars, most price changes since January 1983 appear negative - particularly in the cases of Bolivia, El Salvador, and Nicaragua. A view of actual market price changes in terms of national currencies is depicted in another table. The fuel price/tax series and the principal industrial fuel prices are presented for January 1984 for countries of the Eastern Hemisphere.

  15. Domestic petroleum-product prices around the world. Survey: free market or government price controls

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1983-01-27

    In this issue, Energy Detente draws from their regular Western and Eastern Hemisphere Fuel Price/Tax Series, each produced monthly, and adds other survey data and analysis for a broad view of 48 countries around the world. They find that seven Latin American nations, including OPEC members Venezuela and Ecuador, are among the ten countries with lowest gasoline prices. In this Fourth Special Price Report, Energy Detente provides a first-time presentation of which prices are government-controlled, and which are free to respond to market forces. South Korea, with fixed prices since 1964, has the highest premium-grade gasoline price in our survey, US $5.38 per gallon. Paraguay, with prices fixed by PETROPAR, the national oil company, has the second highest premium gasoline price, US $4.21 per gallon. Nicaragua, also with government price controls, ranks third highest in the survey, with US $3.38 per gallon for premium gasoline. Kuwait shows the lowest price at US $0.55 per gallon. Several price changes from the previous survey reflect changes in currency exchange as all prices are converted to US dollars. The Energy Detente fuel price/tax series is presented for Western Hemisphere countries.

  16. Spent sealed radium sources conditioning in Latin America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mourao, R.P.

    1999-06-01

    The management of spent sealed sources is considered by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) one of the greatest challenges faced by nuclear authorities today, especially in developing countries. One of the Agency`s initiatives to tackle this problem is the Spent Radium Sources Conditioning Project, a worldwide project relying on the regional co-operation between countries. A team from the Brazilian nuclear research institute Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear (CDTN) was chosen as the expert team to carry out the operations in Latin America; since December 1996 radium sources have been safely conditioned in Uruguay, Nicaragua, Guatemala, Ecuador and Paraguay. A Quality Assurance Program was established, encompassing the qualification of the capsule welding process, written operational procedures referring to all major steps of the operation, calibration of monitors and information retrievability. A 200L carbon steel drum-based packaging concept was used to condition the sources, its cavity being designed to receive the lead shield device containing stainless steel capsules with the radium sources. As a result of these operations, a total amount of 2,897 mg of needles, tubes, medical applicators, standard sources for calibration, lightning rods, secondary wastes and contaminated objects were stored in proper conditions and are now under control of the nuclear authorities of the visited countries.

  17. Development and Manufacture of Cost Effective Composite Drill Pipe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    James C. Leslie; Jeffrey R. Jean; Hans Neubert; Lee Truong; James T. Heard

    2002-09-29

    This technical report presents the engineering research and data accomplishments that have transpired to date in support of the development of Cost Effective Composite Drill Pipe (CDP). The report reiterates the presentation made to DOE/NETL in Morgantown, WV on August 1st, 2002 with the addition of accomplishments made from that time forward until the issue date. The following have been accomplished and are reported in detail herein: {sm_bullet} Specifications for both 5-1/2'' and 1-5/8'' composite drill pipe have been finalized. {sm_bullet} Full scale testing of Short Radius (SR) CDP has been conducted. {sm_bullet} Successful demonstration of metal to composite interface (MCI) connection. {sm_bullet} Preparations for full scale manufacturing of ER/DW CDP have begun. {sm_bullet} Manufacturing facility rearranged to accommodate CDP process flow through plant. {sm_bullet} Arrangements to have the 3 3/8'' CDP used in 4 separate drilling applications in Oman, Oklahoma, and Texas.

  18. CO sub 2 emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of energy in the long term

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N.

    1991-07-01

    Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world's share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist, energy demand in developing nations will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. A combined study was carried out for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates).

  19. CO{sub 2} emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of energy in the long term. Volume 4, Ghana, Sierra Leone, Nigeria and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N.

    1991-07-01

    Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world`s share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist, energy demand in developing nations will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. A combined study was carried out for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates).

  20. Chrysolcolla Redefined as Spertiniite

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farges, Francois; Benzerara, Karim; Brown, Gordon E., Jr.; /Stanford U., Geo. Environ. Sci. /SLAC, SSRL

    2006-12-13

    XAFS and {mu}-XAFS spectra were collected at the Cu K-edge for seven chrysocolla samples (Peru, USA, and Congo). The results suggest that the local structure around Cu is similar to that in Cu(OH){sub 2} (spertiniite). Cu-L{sub 3} STXM imaging and spectroscopy confirm that the chrysocolla samples examined here consist of mesoscopic Cu(II)-rich domains surrounded by Si-rich domains (in agreement with results from infra-red spectroscopy). Hence, we suggest that chrysocolla, which is generally considered to be orthorhombic with composition (Cu,Al){sub 2}H{sub 2}Si{sub 2}O{sub 5}(OH){sub 4} {center_dot} nH{sub 2}O, is in actually a mesoscopic assemblage composed dominantly of spertiniite (Cu(OH){sub 2}), water and amorphous silica (SiO{sub 2}).

  1. Peruvian villages go solar

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duffy, J.

    1999-12-01

    Students and faculty from an American University work with indigenous Peruvians to electrify their village and improve their quality of life. The remote village of Malvas in the Andes seems typical of many in Peru. The 500 Inca descendants have no electricity, no running water, one telephone and mud adobe houses. At a 10,000-foot (3,048 m) altitude, residents survive through subsistence farming. And this project might sound like a typical solar system installation--a system is donated, consultants install it, no one owns it and if something goes wrong, no one fixes it. The equipment ultimately helps no one and few learn from the experience. But two aspects of this project make it unique - the unusual level of communal sharing in the town and the design and installation of the solar system by students.

  2. Consequences of natural upwelling in oligotrophic marine ecosystems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walsh, J J

    1980-03-01

    One of the major environmental consequences of Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) plans may be the artificial upwelling of nutrients to the surface waters of oligotrophic ecosystems. Within a 10 km/sup 2/ area, OTEC plants of 1000 MWe total capacity could upwell the same amount of nutrients as occurs naturally off Peru each day. The biological response to possible eutrophication by OTEC plants may not be similar to that within coastal upwelling ecosystems, however. Upwelling in offshore oceanic systems does not lead to increased primary production despite high nutrient content of the euphotic zone. Continuous grazing may not allow phytoplankton blooms to develop in oceanic upwelling systems to the proposed OTEC sites. At present this is a hypothesis to be tested before full evaluation of OTEC induced upwelling can be made.

  3. Microsoft Word - table_08.doc

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5 Table 8. Summary of U.S. natural gas imports, 2010-2014 Imports Volume (million cubic feet) Pipeline Canada a 3,279,752 3,117,081 2,962,827 2,785,427 2,634,375 Mexico 29,995 2,672 314 1,069 1,426 Total Pipeline Imports 3,309,747 3,119,753 2,963,140 2,786,496 2,635,801 LNG by Truck Canada 0 0 0 555 132 LNG by Vessel Egypt 72,990 35,120 2,811 0 0 Nigeria 41,733 2,362 0 2,590 0 Norway 26,014 15,175 6,212 5,627 5,616 Peru 16,045 16,620 0 0 0 Qatar 45,583 90,972 33,823 7,320 0 Trinidad/Tobago

  4. World class Devonian potential seen in eastern Madre de Dios basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peters, K.E.; Wagner, J.B.; Carpenter, D.G.; Conrad, K.T.

    1997-02-17

    The Madre de Dios basin in northern Bolivia contains thick, laterally extensive, organic-rich Upper Devonian source rocks that reached the oil-generative stage of thermal maturity after trap and seal formation. Despite these facts, less than one dozen exploration wells have been drilled in the Madre de Dios basin, and no significant reserves have been discovered. Mobil geoscientists conducted a regional geological, geophysical, and geochemical study of the Madre de Dios basin. The work reported here was designed to assess the distribution, richness, depositional environment, and thermal maturity of Devonian source rocks. It is supported by data from over 3,000 m of continuous slimhole core in two of the five Mobil wells in the basin. Source potential also exists in Cretaceous, Mississippian, and Permian intervals. The results of this study have important implications for future exploration in Bolivia and Peru.

  5. Energy market integration in South America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hammons, T.J.; Franco, N. de; Sbertoli, L.V.; Khelil, C.; Rudnick, H.; Clerici, A.; Longhi, A.

    1997-08-01

    This article is a summary of presentations made during the 1997 Winter Meeting panel session on Power and Natural Gas in Latin America: Towards an Integrated Market. Reregulation and demand for energy resources to support economic growth are driving international natural gas and electricity exchange initiatives. Panelists focused on the gas and electric power industry in Latin America in terms of the: transport of gas or transmission of electricity; energy market integration in the southern cone of South America; and issues on gas use for electricity generation in South America countries. Countries such as Argentina, Bolivia, and Peru will export natural gas to Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay and Chile, an the energy matrices of these countries will change.

  6. International energy outlook. Volume 3. North and South America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1982-01-01

    Petroleum, coal, and hydropower resources are found, in varying degrees, throughout the Americas. Struggling to maintain or achieve energy self-sufficiency, many North and South American countries are undertaking major projects to develop these, and other, energy sources. This volume, Volume 3 is a compilation of official US government intelligence reports examining the development projects and energy trends in 12 countries of North and South America: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Colombia, Guatemala, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, the United States and Venezuela. The range and detail of country coverage varies, due to availability of reports. Although the book details current energy situations and provides some historical background, its main emphasis is on estimates of future consumption and production, and descriptions of energy programs and plans. Plans in the Americas call for exploiting oil and gas where possible, and making major efforts to develop sources such as coal and hydropower that can be alternatives to imported petroleum. 33 references, 1 figure, 73 tables.

  7. Energy profiles of selected Latin American and Caribbean countries. Report series No. 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, K.

    1994-07-01

    Countries in this report include Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela. These ten countries are the most important oil and gas producers in the Latin American and the Caribbean region. In the following sections, the primary energy supply (oil, gas, coal, hydroelectricity, and nuclear power whenever they are applicable), primary energy consumption, downstream oil sector development, gas utilization are discussed for each of the ten countries. The report also presents our latest forecasts of petroleum product consumption in each country toward 2000, which form the basis of the outlook for regional energy production and consumption outlined in Report No 1. Since the bulk of primary energy supply and demand is hydrocarbons for many countries, brief descriptions of the important hydrocarbons policy issues are provided at the end of the each country sections.

  8. Study of the export potential of the Bolivian Power Sector. Final report. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-09-01

    This study, conducted by Black & Veatch International, was conducted by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency. The report shows the results of a review of export potential and to assess the ability of the Bolivian power sector to provide these exports economically and with financially viable projects. The study includes technical, economic, and financial analyses of export power stations alternatives. The report is divided into the following sections: (1) Executive Summary; (2) The Bolivian Power Sector; (3) Market Assessment for Brazil; (4) Market Assessment for Argentina; (5) Market Assessment for Export; (6) Market Assessment for Peru; (7) Project Selection; (8) Transmission Plans for Power Export; (9) Delivered Natural Gas Costs; (10) Power Plant Characteristics; (11) Economic Screening of Export Power Station Options; (12) Project Financing; (13) Conclusions and Recommendations.

  9. South American oil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-06-01

    GAO reviewed the petroleum industries of the following eight South American Countries that produce petroleum but are not major exporters: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Trinidad and Tobago. This report discusses the amount of crude oil the United States imports from the eight countries, expected crude oil production for these countries through the year 2010, and investment reforms that these countries have recently made in their petroleum industries. In general, although the United States imports some oil from these countries, as a group, the eight countries are currently net oil importers because combined domestic oil consumption exceeds oil production. Furthermore, the net oil imports are expected to continue to increase through the year 2010, making it unlikely that the United States will obtain increased oil shipments from these countries.

  10. US tda infrastructure opportunities in South America. Project profile updates, June-December 1995. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-12-01

    This study, conducted by CG/LA Infrastructure, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency. The report provides project profile updates to a study conducted for the TDA Conference on Infrastructure Opportunities held in June, 1995. The updates are organized first by sectors with specific project information including: Energy, Telecommunications, Environment, Industrial, and Transportation. The second section of the report contains an extensive profile of surface transportation projects related to Highways Tunnels and Bridges, Inland Waterways, Ports, Rail and Urban Mass Transit. Each profile provides a technical description, site information, timing, equipment and services demand, nature of demand, and a project assessment. Countries included in the study are: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Columbia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela.

  11. Bolivia-Brazil gas pipeline about to take off; seen as litmus test for Southern Cone gas grid

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-08-07

    After more than 4 decades of studies, plans, and shelved projects, the proposed Bolivia-Brazil gas pipeline is finally about to get off the ground. The 3,700 km gas pipeline will require an investment of at least $2 billion and is viewed by many as a litmus test for the developing gas market and energy integration of South America`s Southern Cone countries. Overall, industry officials see eventual emergence of two large integrated gas grids serving South America: one for the northern countries and another for the Southern Cone. This will enable the six countries with gas surplus to their needs to export the surplus to neighboring, gas-short countries. The northern gas-long countries are Venezuela, Colombia, and Trinidad and Tobago; those in the Southern Cone are Argentina, Bolivia, and Peru. The paper discusses financial details, project details, pipeline construction, the Petrobras strategy, Argentine pipeline projects, and other pipeline proposals.

  12. Wellhead to wire utilization of remote gas resources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harris, R.A.; Hines, T.L.

    1998-12-31

    Utilization of remote gas resources in developing countries continues to offer challenges and opportunities to producers and contractors. The Aguaytia Gas and Power Project is an example where perseverance and creativity resulted in successful utilization of natural gas resources in the Ucayali Region of Central Peru, a country which previously had no natural gas infrastructure. The resource for the project was first discovered by Mobil in 1961, and remained undeveloped for over thirty years due to lack of infrastructure and markets. Maple Gas won a competitively bid contract to develop the Aguaytia gas reserves in March of 1993. The challenges facing Maple Gas were to develop downstream markets for the gas, execute contracts with Perupetro S.A. and other Peruvian government entities, raise financing for the project, and solicit and execute engineering procurement and construction (EPC) contracts for the execution of the project. The key to development of the downstream markets was the decision to generate electric power and transmit the power over the Andes to the main electrical grid along the coast of Peru. Supplemental revenue could be generated by gas sales to a small regional power plant and extraction of LPG and natural gasoline for consumption in the Peruvian market. Three separate lump sum contracts were awarded to Asea Brown Boveri (ABB) companies for the gas project, power project and transmission project. Each project presented its unique challenges, but the commonalities were the accelerated schedule, high rainfall in a prolonged wet season and severe logistics due to lack of infrastructure in the remote region. This presentation focuses on how the gas plant contractor, ABB Randall, working in harmony with the developer, Maple Gas, tackled the challenges to monetize a remote gas resource.

  13. Miocene-Early Pliocene diatomaceous sedimentation patterns in the Pacific: A response to paleooceanography and paleoclimatic change

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barron, J.A. )

    1990-05-01

    Biosiliceous sediments greatly expanded their distribution in the North Pacific during the late early to early middle Miocene (18-15 Ma), at least partly due to enhanced basin-basin fractionation of deep waters between the North Atlantic and North Pacific, which began in 17 Ma. Subsequently, in the late middle and late Miocene, diatomaceous sedimentation responded to the following series of successive cooling steps. (1) High-latitude cooling between 14.9 and 12.4 Ma caused an intensification of upwelling in the marginal North Pacific as evidenced by a wider distribution of laminated sediments and a decline in carbonate preservation. (2) Cooling across the middle Miocene-late Miocene boundary (10.3-9.2 Ma and 9.0-8.3 Ma) led to further increases in upwelling and raised biogenic opal accumulation rates in upwelling regions of the eastern equatorial Pacific, California, and Peru. (3) Cooling in the latest Miocene to earliest Pliocene (6.2-4.8 114a) resulted in further regional differentiation of biosiliceous sedimentation patterns in the North Pacific, probably reflecting steeper productivity gradients in upwelling regions. Biogenic opal accumulation rates declined in the eastern equatorial Pacific, but probably increased in coastal upwelling regions off California, Peru, and in the Bering Sea. (4) A decline in diatom sedimentation in waters off southern California during the earliest Pliocene (4.5-4.0) Ma coincided with a period of warmer paleotemperatures and a decline in opal accumulation rates in the equatorial Pacific. A major increase in biosiliceous sedimentation in the Southern ocean occurred at this same time.

  14. Twenty-first workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering: Proceedings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-01-26

    PREFACE The Twenty-First Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering was held at the Holiday Inn, Palo Alto on January 22-24, 1996. There were one-hundred fifty-five registered participants. Participants came from twenty foreign countries: Argentina, Austria, Canada, Costa Rica, El Salvador, France, Iceland, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, the Philippines, Romania, Russia, Switzerland, Turkey and the UK. The performance of many geothermal reservoirs outside the United States was described in several of the papers. Professor Roland N. Horne opened the meeting and welcomed visitors. The key note speaker was Marshall Reed, who gave a brief overview of the Department of Energy's current plan. Sixty-six papers were presented in the technical sessions of the workshop. Technical papers were organized into twenty sessions concerning: reservoir assessment, modeling, geology/geochemistry, fracture modeling hot dry rock, geoscience, low enthalpy, injection, well testing, drilling, adsorption and stimulation. Session chairmen were major contributors to the workshop, and we thank: Ben Barker, Bobbie Bishop-Gollan, Tom Box, Jim Combs, John Counsil, Sabodh Garg, Malcolm Grant, Marcel0 Lippmann, Jim Lovekin, John Pritchett, Marshall Reed, Joel Renner, Subir Sanyal, Mike Shook, Alfred Truesdell and Ken Williamson. Jim Lovekin gave the post-dinner speech at the banquet and highlighted the exciting developments in the geothermal field which are taking place worldwide. The Workshop was organized by the Stanford Geothermal Program faculty, staff, and graduate students. We wish to thank our students who operated the audiovisual equipment. Shaun D. Fitzgerald Program Manager.

  15. In-Situ Sampling and Characterization of Naturally Occurring Marine Methane Hydrate Using the D/V JOIDES Resolution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rack, Frank; Schroeder, Derryl; Storms, Michael

    2001-03-31

    The primary accomplishments of the JOI Cooperative Agreement with DOE/NETL in this quarter were the deployment of tools and measurement systems for testing on ODP Leg 201, which is intended to study hydrate deposits on the Peru margin as part of other scientific investigations. Additional accomplishments were related to the continuing evolution of tools and measurements systems in preparation for deployment on ODP Leg 204, Hydrate Ridge, offshore Oregon in July 2002. The design for PCS Gas Manifold was finalized and parts were procured to assemble the gas manifold and deploy this system with the Pressure Core Sampler (PCS) tool on ODP Leg 201. The PCS was deployed 17 times during ODP Leg 201 and successfully retrieved cores from a broad range of lithologies and sediment depths along the Peru margin. Eleven deployments were entirely successful, collecting between 0.5 and 1.0 meters of sediment at greater than 75% of hydrostatic pressure. The PCS gas manifold was used in conjunction with the Pressure Core Sampler (PCS) throughout ODP Leg 201 to measure the total volume and composition of gases recovered in sediment cores associated with methane hydrates. The results of these deployments will be the subject of a future progress report. The FUGRO Pressure Corer (FPC), one of the HYACE/HYACINTH pressure coring tools, and two FUGRO engineers were deployed on the D/V JOIDES Resolution during ODP Legs 201 to field-test this coring system at sites located offshore Peru. The HYACINTH project is a European Union (EU) funded effort to develop tools to characterize methane hydrate and measure physical properties under in-situ conditions. The field-testing of these tools provides a corollary benefit to DOE/NETL at no cost to this project. The opportunity to test these tools on the D/V JOIDES Resolution was negotiated as part of a cooperative agreement between JOI/ODP and the HYACINTH partners. The DVTP, DVTP-P, APC-methane, and APC-Temperature tools (ODP memory tools) were deployed onboard the R/V JOIDES Resolution and used extensively during ODP Leg 201. Preliminary results indicate successful deployments of these tools. An infrared-thermal imaging system (IR-TIS) was delivered to JOI/ODP for testing and use on ODP Leg 201 to identify methane hydrate intervals in the recovered cores. The results of these experiments will be the subject of a future progress report. This report presents an overview of the primary methods used for deploying the ODP memory tools and PCS on ODP Leg 201 and the preliminary operational results of this leg. Discussions regarding the laboratory analysis of the recovered cores and downhole measurements made during these deployments will be covered in a future progress report.

  16. IN-SITU SAMPLING AND CHARACTERIZATION OF NATURALLY OCCURRING MARINE METHANE HYDRATE USING THE D/V JOIDES RESOLUTION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rack, Frank R.; Dickens, Gerald; Ford, Kathryn; Schroeder, Derryl; Storms, Michael

    2002-08-01

    The primary accomplishment of the JOI Cooperative Agreement with DOE/NETL in this quarter was the preparation of tools and measurement systems for deployment, testing and use on ODP Leg 204, which will study hydrate deposits on Hydrate Ridge, offshore Oregon. Additional accomplishments were related to the postcruise evaluation of tools and measurements systems used on ODP Leg 201 along the Peru margin from January through March, 2002. The operational results from the use of the Pressure Core Sampler (PCS) tool and the PCS Gas Manifold on ODP Leg 201 are evaluated in this progress report in order to prepare for the upcoming deployments on ODP Leg 204 in July, 2002. The PCS was deployed 17 times during ODP Leg 201 and successfully retrieved cores from a broad range of lithologies and sediment depths along the Peru margin. Eleven deployments were entirely successful, collecting between 0.5 and 1.0 meters of sediment at greater than 75% of hydrostatic pressure. The PCS gas manifold was used in conjunction with the Pressure Core Sampler (PCS) throughout ODP Leg 201 to measure the total volume and composition of gases recovered in sediment cores associated with methane gas hydrates. The FUGRO Pressure Corer (FPC), one of the HYACE/HYACINTH pressure coring tools, was also deployed on the D/V JOIDES Resolution during ODP Legs 201 to field-test this coring system at three shallow-water sites located offshore Peru. The field-testing of these tools provides a corollary benefit to DOE/NETL at no cost to this project. The testing of these tools on the D/V JOIDES Resolution was negotiated as part of a cooperative agreement between JOI/ODP and the HYACINTH partners. The DVTP, DVTP-P, APC-methane, and APC-Temperature tools (ODP memory tools) were used extensively during ODP Leg 201. The data obtained from the successful deployments of these tools is still being evaluated by the scientists and engineers involved in this testing; however, preliminary results are presented in this report. An infrared-thermal imaging system (IR-TIS) was deployed for the first time on ODP Leg 201. This system was used to identify methane hydrate intervals in the recovered cores. Initial discussions of these experiments are provided in this report. This report is an overview of the field measurements made on recovered sediment cores and the downhole measurements made during ODP Leg 201. These results are currently being used to incorporate the ''lessons learned'' from these deployments to prepare for a dedicated ODP leg to study the characteristics of naturally-occurring hydrates in the subsurface environment of Hydrate Ridge, offshore Oregon during ODP Leg 204, which will take place from July through September, 2002.

  17. Technical Progress Report on Application and Development of Appropriate Tools and Technologies for Cost-Effective Carbon Sequestration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bill Stanley; Patrick Gonzalez; Sandra Brown; Jenny Henman; Ben Poulter; Sarah Woodhouse Murdock; Neil Sampson; Tim Pearson; Sarah Walker; Zoe Kant; Miguel Calmon; Gilberto Tiepolo

    2006-06-30

    The Nature Conservancy is participating in a Cooperative Agreement with the Department of Energy (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) to explore the compatibility of carbon sequestration in terrestrial ecosystems and the conservation of biodiversity. The title of the research project is ''Application and Development of Appropriate Tools and Technologies for Cost-Effective Carbon Sequestration''. The objectives of the project are to: (1) improve carbon offset estimates produced in both the planning and implementation phases of projects; (2) build valid and standardized approaches to estimate project carbon benefits at a reasonable cost; and (3) lay the groundwork for implementing cost-effective projects, providing new testing ground for biodiversity protection and restoration projects that store additional atmospheric carbon. This Technical Progress Report discusses preliminary results of the six specific tasks that The Nature Conservancy is undertaking to answer research needs while facilitating the development of real projects with measurable greenhouse gas reductions. The research described in this report occurred between April 1st and July 30th 2006. The specific tasks discussed include: Task 1: carbon inventory advancements; Task 2: emerging technologies for remote sensing of terrestrial carbon; Task 3: baseline method development; Task 4: third-party technical advisory panel meetings; Task 5: new project feasibility studies; and Task 6: development of new project software screening tool. Work is being carried out in Brazil, Belize, Chile, Peru and the USA.

  18. International Workshops to Foster Implementation of the IAEA Additional Protocol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Killinger, Mark H.; Coates, Cameron W.; Bedke, Michael L.

    2003-07-14

    A country’s adherence to the International Atomic Energy Agency’s (IAEA) Additional Protocol is an important statement to the world of that country’s commitment to nuclear nonproliferation. Without the Additional Protocol (AP) it is possible, as demonstrated in Iraq, for a country party to the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) to clandestinely work toward nuclear weapons and be undetected by the IAEA. This is because classical safeguards under the NPT are directed at diversion of nuclear material from declared activities. But a country may instead build undeclared activities to produce weapons-grade nuclear material. The AP is directed at detecting those undeclared activities. As of May 2003, 73 countries had signed the AP, but only 35 have entered into force. To further adherence to the AP, the IAEA has held regional, high-level seminars in Japan, South Africa, Kazakhstan, Peru, Romania, and Malaysia to explain AP provisions. To supplement these policy-level seminars, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has undertaken to develop a set of modules of technical competencies required to implement the AP. The intent is to work closely with the IAEA by providing these technical competencies to countries as well as to complement the IAEA’s regional seminars and other outreach efforts. This paper briefly describes the technical competency modules.

  19. U.S. Department of Energy Program of International Technical Cooperation for Research Reactor Utilization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chong, D.; Manning, M.; Ellis, R.; Apt, K.; Flaim, S.; Sylvester, K.

    2004-10-03

    The U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration (DOE/NNSA) has initiated collaborations with the national nuclear authorities of Egypt, Peru, and Romania for the purpose of advancing the commercial potential and utilization of their respective research reactors. Under its Office of International Safeguards ''Sister Laboratory'' program, DOE/NNSA has undertaken numerous technical collaborations over the past decade intended to promote peaceful applications of nuclear technology. Among these has been technical assistance in research reactor applications, such as neutron activation analysis, nuclear analysis, reactor physics, and medical radioisotope production. The current collaborations are intended to provide the subject countries with a methodology for greater commercialization of research reactor products and services. Our primary goal is the transfer of knowledge, both in administrative and technical issues, needed for the establishment of an effective business plan and utilization strategy for the continued operation of the countries' research reactors. Technical consultation, cooperation, and the information transfer provided are related to: identification, evaluation, and assessment of current research reactor capabilities for products and services; identification of opportunities for technical upgrades for new or expanded products and services; advice and consultation on research reactor upgrades and technical modifications; characterization of markets for reactor products and services; identification of competition and estimation of potential for market penetration; integration of technical constraints; estimation of cash flow streams; and case studies.

  20. Oil and gas developments in South America, Central America, Carribbean area, and Mexico in 1981

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deal, C.S.

    1982-11-01

    Petroleum developments in 1981 continued in the pattern of recent years of increasing exploration and exploitation in response to the second catastrophic surge in crude oil prices thrust on the world economy in 1979. Production of crude oil increased in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Guatemala, and Mexico, whereas Venezuela, Trinidad, Peru, and Bolivia experienced declines. Exploratory surveys, exploratory drilling, and development drilling all increased in most of the countries reporting. Significant successful exploratory drilling is reported for several countries. In Argentina, the producing zone of the Austral basin has been extended farther offshore, and is reportedly productive in what is apparently the upper Malvinas basin. In Brazil, extensions to several producing areas are reported in the Campos basin. Also, the Jurua gas province of western Amazonas reportedly had an encouraging extension. Colombia had several discoveries in the Magdalena basins, but the 2 Llanos discoveries are considered much more significant. For a variety of reasons, several countries have undertaken or are undertaking changes in laws and regulations to attract foreign companies into exploration risk ventures. In some countries, exploitation ventures are also offered.

  1. The petroleum geology of the sub-Andean basins

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mathalone, J.M.P.

    1996-08-01

    The sub-Andean trend of basins spans the entire length of South America from Venezuela in the north to Argentina in the south. All the basins produce hydrocarbons with the exception of the Argentinean Bolsones complex and the Peruvian Madro de Dios which is prospective but virtually unexplored. There have been some 119 billion barrels of oil and 190 TCF of gas discovered to date, comprising 93% of the continent`s oil reserves. The basins lie immediately east of the Andes mountain range and are mainly asymmetric Upper Tertiary, westerly dipping foreland basins that overlie a series of earlier Tertiary, Mesozoic and Paleozoic depocentres. All the basins have been compressively deformed as recently as the Upper Miocene, by the eastwards growth of the Andean Cordillera. Giant oil and gas fields sourced from shales of varying age, have been found along the whole trend of basins, with a predominance of gas in the south. The rich marine Upper Cretaceous La Luna and equivalent shales of Venezuela, Colombia and Ecuador have been responsible for generating 86% of the hydrocarbons discovered to date in the sub-Andean basins. Proven sources include Devonian, Carboniferous, Permian and Triassic shales in the central area, comprising Peru, Bolivia and northern Argentina. In southern Argentina, oils have been sourced from Uppermost Jurassic and Lower Cretaceous marine and lacustrine shales. Over 7500 wildcat wells have been drilled in basins along the trend, with a 15% success rate. Many of the basins are very lightly explored, with considerable potential for future discoveries.

  2. Quaternary tectonic movements in the Argentine Puna, 24/sup 0/ to 27/sup 0/ s latitude

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Strecker, M.R.; Alonso, R.; Rivelli, F.; Mon, R.

    1985-01-01

    The Puna of NW Argentina, one of the highest plateaus in the world, is the southern continuation of the Andean Altiplano geomorphic province of Peru and Bolivia. The region is not seismically active and reports of neotectonic movements are scarce. However, the areas of Salar de los Pastos Grandes, Salar del Hombre Muerto and Sierra Calalaste clearly have experienced Quaternary tectonic movements. At Salar de los Pastos Grandes, early Pleistocene lake sediments are offset by reverse faulting. At Salar del Hombre Muerto, Quaternary pyroclastic and debris-flow deposits are unconformable over sediments 5.86 m.y. old that were folded during the Pliocene-Pleistocene Diaguita deformation. Within the Quaternary sediments two separate deformational phases with reverse faulting and shallow thrusting are recognized. The timing of movement is well defined since the deformed strata are covered by a basalt flow 0.75 m.y. old. The flow in turn is affected by normal faulting. Similar normal faults associated with basalt flows were found at Sierra Calalaste. These observations are in accord with pronounced extensional movements and basaltic volcanism at the Calama-Olacapato-Toro Lineament (0.2 m.y. old flows) and might document the Quaternary transition from a compressive to an extensional tectonic regime in the southern Puna.

  3. Technical Report on Application and Development of Appropriate Tools and Technologies for Cost-Effective Carbon Sequestration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bill Stanley; Sandra Brown; Zoe Kant; Patrick Gonzalez

    2009-01-07

    The Nature Conservancy participated in a Cooperative Agreement with the Department of Energy (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) to explore the compatibility of carbon sequestration in terrestrial ecosystems and the conservation of biodiversity. The title of the research project was 'Application and Development of Appropriate Tools and Technologies for Cost-Effective Carbon Sequestration'. The objectives of the project were to: (1) improve carbon offset estimates produced in both the planning and implementation phases of projects; (2) build valid and standardized approaches to estimate project carbon benefits at a reasonable cost; and (3) lay the groundwork for implementing cost-effective projects, providing new testing ground for biodiversity protection and restoration projects that store additional atmospheric carbon. This Final Technical Report discusses the results of the six tasks that The Nature Conservancy undertook to answer research needs while facilitating the development of real projects with measurable greenhouse gas reductions. The research described in this report occurred between July 1st 2001 and July 10th 2008. The specific tasks discussed include: Task 1: carbon inventory advancements; Task 2: emerging technologies for remote sensing of terrestrial carbon; Task 3: baseline method development; Task 4: third-party technical advisory panel meetings; Task 5: new project feasibility studies; and Task 6: development of new project software screening tool. The project occurred in two phases. The first was a focused exploration of specific carbon measurement and monitoring methodologies and pre-selected carbon sequestration opportunities. The second was a more systematic and comprehensive approach to compare various competing measurement and monitoring methodologies, and assessment of a variety of carbon sequestration opportunities in order to find those that are the lowest cost with the greatest combined carbon and other environmental benefits. In the first phase we worked in the U.S., Brazil, Belize, Bolivia, Peru, and Chile to develop and refine specific carbon inventory methods, pioneering a new remote-sensing method for cost-effectively measuring and monitoring terrestrial carbon sequestration and system for developing carbon baselines for both avoided deforestation and afforestation/reforestation projects. We evaluated the costs and carbon benefits of a number of specific terrestrial carbon sequestration activities throughout the U.S., including reforestation of abandoned mined lands in southwest Virginia, grassland restoration in Arizona and Indiana, and reforestation in the Mississippi Alluvial Delta. The most cost-effective U.S. terrestrial sequestration opportunity we found through these studies was reforestation in the Mississippi Alluvial Delta. In Phase II we conducted a more systematic assessment and comparison of several different measurement and monitoring approaches in the Northern Cascades of California, and a broad 11-state Northeast regional assessment, rather than pre-selected and targeted, analysis of terrestrial sequestration costs and benefits. Work was carried out in Brazil, Belize, Chile, Peru and the USA. Partners include the Winrock International Institute for Agricultural Development, The Sampson Group, Programme for Belize, Society for Wildlife Conservation (SPVS), Universidad Austral de Chile, Michael Lefsky, Colorado State University, UC Berkeley, the Carnegie Institution of Washington, ProNaturaleza, Ohio State University, Stephen F. Austin University, Geographical Modeling Services, Inc., WestWater, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Century Ecosystem Services, Mirant Corporation, General Motors, American Electric Power, Salt River Project, Applied Energy Systems, KeySpan, NiSource, and PSEG. This project, 'Application and Development of Appropriate Tools and Technologies for Cost-Effective Carbon Sequestration', has resulted in over 50 presentations and reports, available publicly through the Department of Energy or by visiting the links listed in Appendix 1. More important than the reports, the project has helped to lead to the development of on-the-ground projects in Southwestern Virginia, Louisiana, and Chile while informing policy development in Virginia, the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative, the California Climate Action Registry and U.S. and international programs.

  4. Stable lead isotope compositions in selected coals from around the world and implications for present day aerosol source tracing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    M. Diaz-Somoano; M.E. Kylander; M.A. Lopez-Anton; I. Suarez-Ruiz; M.R. Martinez-Tarazona; M. Ferrat; B. Kober; D.J. Weiss

    2009-02-15

    The phasing out of leaded gasoline in many countries around the world at the end of the last millennium has resulted in a complex mixture of lead sources in the atmosphere. Recent studies suggest that coal combustion has become an important source of Pb in aerosols in urban and remote areas. Lead concentration and isotopic composition is reported for 59 coal samples representing major coal deposits worldwide in an attempt to characterize this potential source. The average concentration in these coals is 35 {mu}g Pb g{sup -1}, with the highest values in coals from Spain and Peru and the lowest in coals from Australia and North America. The {sup 206}Pb/{sup 207}Pb isotope ratios range between 1.15 and 1.24, with less radiogenic Pb in coals from Europe and Asia compared to South and North America. Comparing the Pb isotopic signatures of coals from this and previous studies with those published for Northern and Southern Hemisphere aerosols, we hypothesize that coal combustion might now be an important Pb source in China, the eastern U.S., and to some extent, in Europe but not as yet in other regions including South Africa, South America, and western U.S. This supports the notion that 'old Pb pollution' from leaded gasoline reemitted into the atmosphere or long-range transport (i.e., from China to the western U.S.) is important. Comparing the isotope ratios of the coals, the age of the deposits, and Pb isotope evolution models for the major geochemical reservoirs suggests that the lead isotope ratios (PbIC) in coals is strongly influenced by the depositional coal forming environment. 47 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

  5. Evaluating climate models: Should we use weather or climate observations?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oglesby, Robert J; Erickson III, David J

    2009-12-01

    Calling the numerical models that we use for simulations of climate change 'climate models' is a bit of a misnomer. These 'general circulation models' (GCMs, AKA global climate models) and their cousins the 'regional climate models' (RCMs) are actually physically-based weather simulators. That is, these models simulate, either globally or locally, daily weather patterns in response to some change in forcing or boundary condition. These simulated weather patterns are then aggregated into climate statistics, very much as we aggregate observations into 'real climate statistics'. Traditionally, the output of GCMs has been evaluated using climate statistics, as opposed to their ability to simulate realistic daily weather observations. At the coarse global scale this may be a reasonable approach, however, as RCM's downscale to increasingly higher resolutions, the conjunction between weather and climate becomes more problematic. We present results from a series of present-day climate simulations using the WRF ARW for domains that cover North America, much of Latin America, and South Asia. The basic domains are at a 12 km resolution, but several inner domains at 4 km have also been simulated. These include regions of complex topography in Mexico, Colombia, Peru, and Sri Lanka, as well as a region of low topography and fairly homogeneous land surface type (the U.S. Great Plains). Model evaluations are performed using standard climate analyses (e.g., reanalyses; NCDC data) but also using time series of daily station observations. Preliminary results suggest little difference in the assessment of long-term mean quantities, but the variability on seasonal and interannual timescales is better described. Furthermore, the value-added by using daily weather observations as an evaluation tool increases with the model resolution.

  6. The 1992 conference on Latin America`s Energy Industry: New opportunities for growth through international investment and trade

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-12-01

    Liberal economic and political reforms in Latin America, a declining oil market in the US, and world events such as last year`s Persian Gulf Crisis are making foreign investment in Latin America`s energy sector increasingly attractive. The Persian Gulf crisis indicated the US must diversify oil sources; increased competition and deregulation in electric power generation and gas production are providing more opportunities for independent power producers at home and abroad; and Latin America`s need for foreign financial and technical assistance are providing an important ``pull`` factor. Electricity needs in the developing world wig be huge in the years to come. In Latin America and the Caribbean, 66,500 mg of new capacity will be required by 1999. The developing world will require US $100 billion in energy investment a year. But Latin American countries will have trouble obtaining funds. The region will need to rely heavily on private international sources to finance future energy requirements. Multilateral development bank participation win remain critical, however, serving as a catalyst for government reform and private investment in the sector. In particular, World Bank lending will be focused on countries with a clear commitment to pricing reform, regulatory reform, competitive markets, non-market barriers, and technology transfer. Opportunities for foreign participation in the Latin American oil sector are particularly large in Ecuador, Peru, Argentina, and Venezuela. Mexico`s plans for reform in the oil sector, a delicate issue in that country, appear to be less defined and likely to occur farther into the future. The conference made clear that a regulatory entity is needed even when the sector is owned by the government. Regulatory processes must be fair and transparent in order to ensure adequate financial and technical performance.

  7. The 1992 conference on Latin America's Energy Industry: New opportunities for growth through international investment and trade

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-01-01

    Liberal economic and political reforms in Latin America, a declining oil market in the US, and world events such as last year's Persian Gulf Crisis are making foreign investment in Latin America's energy sector increasingly attractive. The Persian Gulf crisis indicated the US must diversify oil sources; increased competition and deregulation in electric power generation and gas production are providing more opportunities for independent power producers at home and abroad; and Latin America's need for foreign financial and technical assistance are providing an important pull'' factor. Electricity needs in the developing world wig be huge in the years to come. In Latin America and the Caribbean, 66,500 mg of new capacity will be required by 1999. The developing world will require US $100 billion in energy investment a year. But Latin American countries will have trouble obtaining funds. The region will need to rely heavily on private international sources to finance future energy requirements. Multilateral development bank participation win remain critical, however, serving as a catalyst for government reform and private investment in the sector. In particular, World Bank lending will be focused on countries with a clear commitment to pricing reform, regulatory reform, competitive markets, non-market barriers, and technology transfer. Opportunities for foreign participation in the Latin American oil sector are particularly large in Ecuador, Peru, Argentina, and Venezuela. Mexico's plans for reform in the oil sector, a delicate issue in that country, appear to be less defined and likely to occur farther into the future. The conference made clear that a regulatory entity is needed even when the sector is owned by the government. Regulatory processes must be fair and transparent in order to ensure adequate financial and technical performance.

  8. Aerosol concentration and size distribution measured below, in, and above cloud from the DOE G-1 during VOCALS-REx

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kleinman, L.I.; Daum, P. H.; Lee, Y.-N.; Lewis, E. R.; Sedlacek III, A. J.; Senum, G. I.; Springston, S. R.; Wang, J.; Hubbe, J.; Jayne, J.; Min, Q.; Yum, S. S.; Allen, G.

    2011-06-21

    During the VOCALS Regional Experiment, the DOE G-1 aircraft was used to sample a varying aerosol environment pertinent to properties of stratocumulus clouds over a longitude band extending 800 km west from the Chilean coast at Arica. Trace gas and aerosol measurements are presented as a function of longitude, altitude, and dew point in this study. Spatial distributions are consistent with an upper atmospheric source for O{sub 3} and South American coastal sources for marine boundary layer (MBL) CO and aerosol, most of which is acidic sulfate in agreement with the dominant pollution source being SO{sub 2} from Cu smelters and power plants. Pollutant layers in the free troposphere (FT) can be a result of emissions to the north in Peru or long range transport from the west. At a given altitude in the FT (up to 3 km), dew point varies by 40 C with dry air descending from the upper atmospheric and moist air having a BL contribution. Ascent of BL air to a cold high altitude results in the condensation and precipitation removal of all but a few percent of BL water along with aerosol that served as CCN. Thus, aerosol volume decreases with dew point in the FT. Aerosol size spectra have a bimodal structure in the MBL and an intermediate diameter unimodal distribution in the FT. Comparing cloud droplet number concentration (CDNC) and pre-cloud aerosol (Dp > 100 nm) gives a linear relation up to a number concentration of {approx}150 cm{sup -3}, followed by a less than proportional increase in CDNC at higher aerosol number concentration. A number balance between below cloud aerosol and cloud droplets indicates that {approx}25% of aerosol in the PCASP size range are interstitial (not activated). One hundred and two constant altitude cloud transects were identified and used to determine properties of interstitial aerosol. One transect is examined in detail as a case study. Approximately 25 to 50% of aerosol with D{sub p} > 110 nm were not activated, the difference between the two approaches possibly representing shattered cloud droplets or unknown artifact. CDNC and interstitial aerosol were anti-correlated in all cloud transects, consistent with the occurrence of dry in-cloud areas due to entrainment or circulation mixing.

  9. Aerosol composition, chemistry, and source characterization during the 2008 VOCALS Experiment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Y.; Springston, S.; Jayne, J.; Wang, J.; Senum, G.; Hubbe, J.; Alexander, L.; Brioude, J.; Spak, S.; Mena-Carrasco, M.; Kleinman, L.; Daum, P.

    2010-03-15

    Chemical composition of fine aerosol particles over the northern Chilean coastal waters was determined onboard the U.S. DOE G-1 aircraft during the VOCALS (VAMOS Ocean-Cloud-Atmosphere-Land Study) field campaign between October 16 and November 15, 2008. SO42-, NO3-, NH4+, and total organics (Org) were determined using an Aerodyne Aerosol Mass Spectrometer, and SO42-, NO3-, NH4+, Na+, Cl-, CH3SO3-, Mg2+, Ca2+, and K+ were determined using a particle-into-liquid sampler-ion chromatography technique. The results show the marine boundary layer (MBL) aerosol mass was dominated by non- sea-salt SO42- followed by Na+, Cl-, Org, NO3-, and NH4+, in decreasing importance; CH3SO3-, Ca2+, and K+ rarely exceeded their respective limits of detection. The SO42- aerosols were strongly acidic as the equivalent NH4+ to SO42- ratio was only {approx}0.25 on average. NaCl particles, presumably of sea-salt origin, showed chloride deficits but retained Cl- typically more than half the equivalency of Na+, and are externally mixed with the acidic sulfate aerosols. Nitrate was observed only on sea-salt particles, consistent with adsorption of HNO3 on sea-salt aerosols, responsible for the Cl- deficit. Dust particles appeared to play a minor role, judging from the small volume differences between that derived from the observed mass concentrations and that calculated based on particle size distributions. Because SO42- concentrations were substantial ({approx}0.5 - {approx}3 {micro}g/m3) with a strong gradient (highest near the shore), and the ocean-emitted dimethylsulfide and its unique oxidation product, CH3SO3-, were very low (i.e., {le} 40 parts per trillion and <0.05 {micro}g/m3, respectively), the observed SO42- aerosols are believed to be primarily of terrestrial origin. Back trajectory calculations indicate sulfur emissions from smelters and power plants along coastal regions of Peru and Chile are the main sources of these SO4- aerosols. However, compared to observations, model calculations appeared to underestimate sulfate concentrations based on an existing emission inventory. The agreement between observations and model predictions of CO as well as total sulfur is reexamined in this work with a new emission inventory made available recently.

  10. Aerosol concentration and size distribution measured below, in, and above cloud from the DOE G-1 during VOCALS-REx

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kleinman L. I.; Daum, P. H.; Lee, Y.-N.; Lewis, E. R.; Sedlacek III, A. J.; Senum, G. I.; Springston, S. R.; Wang, J.; Hubbe, J.; Jayne, J.; Min, Q.; Yum, S. S.; Allen, G.

    2012-01-04

    During the VOCALS Regional Experiment, the DOE G-1 aircraft was used to sample a varying aerosol environment pertinent to properties of stratocumulus clouds over a longitude band extending 800 km west from the Chilean coast at Arica. Trace gas and aerosol measurements are presented as a function of longitude, altitude, and dew point in this study. Spatial distributions are consistent with an upper atmospheric source for O{sub 3} and South American coastal sources for marine boundary layer (MBL) CO and aerosol, most of which is acidic sulfate. Pollutant layers in the free troposphere (FT) can be a result of emissions to the north in Peru or long range transport from the west. At a given altitude in the FT (up to 3 km), dew point varies by 40 C with dry air descending from the upper atmospheric and moist air having a boundary layer (BL) contribution. Ascent of BL air to a cold high altitude results in the condensation and precipitation removal of all but a few percent of BL water along with aerosol that served as CCN. Thus, aerosol volume decreases with dew point in the FT. Aerosol size spectra have a bimodal structure in the MBL and an intermediate diameter unimodal distribution in the FT. Comparing cloud droplet number concentration (CDNC) and pre-cloud aerosol (D{sub p} > 100 nm) gives a linear relation up to a number concentration of {approx}150 cm{sup -3}, followed by a less than proportional increase in CDNC at higher aerosol number concentration. A number balance between below cloud aerosol and cloud droplets indicates that {approx}25 % of aerosol with D{sub p} > 100 nm are interstitial (not activated). A direct comparison of pre-cloud and in-cloud aerosol yields a higher estimate. Artifacts in the measurement of interstitial aerosol due to droplet shatter and evaporation are discussed. Within each of 102 constant altitude cloud transects, CDNC and interstitial aerosol were anti-correlated. An examination of one cloud as a case study shows that the interstitial aerosol appears to have a background, upon which is superimposed a high frequency signal that contains the anti-correlation. The anti-correlation is a possible source of information on particle activation or evaporation.

  11. Detection and Production of Methane Hydrate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    George Hirasaki; Walter Chapman; Gerald Dickens; Colin Zelt; Brandon Dugan; Kishore Mohanty; Priyank Jaiswal

    2011-12-31

    This project seeks to understand regional differences in gas hydrate systems from the perspective of as an energy resource, geohazard, and long-term climate influence. Specifically, the effort will: (1) collect data and conceptual models that targets causes of gas hydrate variance, (2) construct numerical models that explain and predict regional-scale gas hydrate differences in 2-dimensions with minimal 'free parameters', (3) simulate hydrocarbon production from various gas hydrate systems to establish promising resource characteristics, (4) perturb different gas hydrate systems to assess potential impacts of hot fluids on seafloor stability and well stability, and (5) develop geophysical approaches that enable remote quantification of gas hydrate heterogeneities so that they can be characterized with minimal costly drilling. Our integrated program takes advantage of the fact that we have a close working team comprised of experts in distinct disciplines. The expected outcomes of this project are improved exploration and production technology for production of natural gas from methane hydrates and improved safety through understanding of seafloor and well bore stability in the presence of hydrates. The scope of this project was to more fully characterize, understand, and appreciate fundamental differences in the amount and distribution of gas hydrate and how this would affect the production potential of a hydrate accumulation in the marine environment. The effort combines existing information from locations in the ocean that are dominated by low permeability sediments with small amounts of high permeability sediments, one permafrost location where extensive hydrates exist in reservoir quality rocks and other locations deemed by mutual agreement of DOE and Rice to be appropriate. The initial ocean locations were Blake Ridge, Hydrate Ridge, Peru Margin and GOM. The permafrost location was Mallik. Although the ultimate goal of the project was to understand processes that control production potential of hydrates in marine settings, Mallik was included because of the extensive data collected in a producible hydrate accumulation. To date, such a location had not been studied in the oceanic environment. The project worked closely with ongoing projects (e.g. GOM JIP and offshore India) that are actively investigating potentially economic hydrate accumulations in marine settings. The overall approach was fivefold: (1) collect key data concerning hydrocarbon fluxes which is currently missing at all locations to be included in the study, (2) use this and existing data to build numerical models that can explain gas hydrate variance at all four locations, (3) simulate how natural gas could be produced from each location with different production strategies, (4) collect new sediment property data at these locations that are required for constraining fluxes, production simulations and assessing sediment stability, and (5) develop a method for remotely quantifying heterogeneities in gas hydrate and free gas distributions. While we generally restricted our efforts to the locations where key parameters can be measured or constrained, our ultimate aim was to make our efforts universally applicable to any hydrate accumulation.

  12. COMPNAME","COMPID","YEAR","PLANTNAME","KIND","CONSTRUC","INSTALLED","MAXCAP","NE

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    EQUIP","TOTCOST","COSTCAP","GROSSEXP","OPERENG","FUEL","COOLANTS","STEXP","STOTH","STTRANS","ELECEXP","MISCST","RENTS","MAINSUP","MAINSTRUC","MAINBOIL","MAINELEC","MAINMISC","TOTPROD","EXPKWH","UNITCL","QUANTCL","AVGHEATCL","ACDELCL","ACBURNCL","ACBTUCL","ACNETGENCL","ABTUNETGCL","UNITGAS","QUANTGAS","AVGHEATGAS","ACDELGAS","ACBURNGAS","ACBTUGAS","ACNETGNGAS","ABTUNETGAS","UNITOIL","QUANTOIL","AVGHEATOIL","ACDELOIL","ACBURNOIL","ACBTUOIL","ACNETGNOIL","ABTUNETOIL" "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Sequoyah","Nuclear","01/01/81",,2441160,2303000,8760,1008,1.8570502e+10,3184031,533636867,2488511062,3025331960,1239,33187938,21080862,86166618,4316783,11925073,0,0,13329621,28360769,0,16330987,1528775,8295886,3650336,7012139,201997849,11,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MillionBTU",189924066,0,0,0,0.43,0.04,10230 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Watts Bar","Nuclear","01/01/96","1/1/1996",1269000,1200000,8208,728,8230350000,1953589,2108999339,4827648621,6938601549,5468,30551823,12179502,38261150,3963151,7056493,0,0,10400580,24553068,0,14243155,2328791,9244870,870737,990214,124091711,15,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MillionBTU",84467683,0,0,0,0.43,0.04,10260 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Johnsonville","Gas Turbine","01/01/75","1/1/1975",1088000,1407000,8760,14,256798000,0,6064116,119609619,125673735,116,112893140,2747882,9870790,0,0,0,0,0,477926,0,2274,1326,0,475339,7436,13582973,53,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Gallons",24224936,139600,0,0.41,0.03,0,13170 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Gallatin","Gas Turbine","01/01/75","1/1/1975",325200,431000,8760,8,176258000,0,3324533,63486109,66810642,205,80539157,665541,6810251,0,0,0,0,0,151587,0,1339166,1553,0,3922,4338,8976358,51,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",2252179,1024,0,2.67,2.61,0,0,"Gallons",2063233,139100,0,0.37,0,0.03,14710 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Browns Ferry","Nuclear","01/01/74","1/1/1977",3456000,2529000,8760,1085,1.771301e+10,890631,909522117,3830292072,4740704820,1372,47061477,58344025,102890781,3642332,11672365,0,0,16130309,26099224,0,5560106,0,25822517,1921329,0,252082988,14,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MillionBTU",186421503,0,0,0,0.53,0,10520 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Cumberland","Steam","01/01/73","1/1/1973",2600000,2591000,8760,323,1.6530325e+10,1829568,103903145,1638681020,1744413733,671,63827428,5077791,197194700,0,86656,0,0,3945,13987241,0,1210473,1306476,16946838,4232440,841362,240887922,15,"Tons",6868849,10459,26.16,27.86,1.2,0.01,9746,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Thomas H. Allen","Gas Turbine","01/01/71","1/1/1972",820300,622000,8760,9,264695000,0,3063638,102977658,106041296,129,1709273,879771,11709062,0,0,0,0,0,72128,0,301000,0,0,150309,2816,13115086,50,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",3589538,1024,0,3.06,3.03,0,0,"Gallons",1173222,139500,0,0.55,0,0.03,14460 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Colbert","Gas Turbine","01/01/72","1/1/1972",476000,420000,8760,7,326221000,0,2826177,64911682,67737859,142,3078759,1248563,12167389,0,0,0,0,0,69117,0,27275,0,0,74,2699,13515117,41,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",3866688,1024,0,2.8,2.71,0,0,"Gallons",3619161,138400,0,0.35,0,0.03,13670 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Bull Run","Steam","01/01/67","1/1/1967",950000,912000,8760,87,4389788000,2220883,35786684,300943172,338950739,357,21987402,2324904,50419615,0,2286709,0,0,1742,6906593,0,754423,481980,8505768,2788903,314448,74785085,17,"Tons",1593346,11895,28.85,30.74,1.24,0.01,9257,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Thomas H. Allen","Steam","01/01/59","1/1/1959",990000,858000,8760,122,4102572000,142024,73025058,451231229,524398311,530,20254094,1206283,60294160,0,16,0,0,0,9854407,0,392524,824748,8011764,5402527,184253,86170682,21,"Tons",2039487,9680,25.5,29.45,1.39,0.01,10585,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Watts Bar","Steam","01/01/42","1/1/1945",240000,0,8760,0,-1381000,11997,4933530,18578656,23524183,98,-6629,177,0,0,0,0,0,0,109802,0,908,5,0,0,0,110892,-80,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Paradise","Steam","01/01/63","1/1/1970",2558200,2286000,8760,296,1.4181992e+10,8519495,115906466,1287447341,1411873302,552,57696636,6093708,168293657,0,752026,0,0,536,10779025,0,3529172,4127133,18094770,3094627,676700,215441354,15,"Tons",6332104,10413,21.43,26.2,1.14,0.01,10280,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Gallatin","Steam","01/01/56","1/1/1959",1255200,992000,8760,131,7002818000,690082,44703289,427469961,472863332,377,5073325,1612720,80238724,0,1258244,0,0,73323,7350012,0,1803476,714460,6039653,3054984,792751,102938347,15,"Tons",3266195,9540,22.99,24.49,1.19,0.01,9651,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"John Sevier","Steam","01/01/55","1/1/1957",800000,748000,8760,129,5522165000,1570328,37309270,253176616,292056214,365,2993416,946133,70531483,0,3286201,0,0,0,4864155,0,569877,953882,3537596,666934,559907,85916168,16,"Tons",2120222,11710,32.44,33.21,1.3,0.01,9802,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Kingston","Steam","01/01/54","1/1/1955",1700000,1583000,8760,275,1.0147089e+10,3475653,55125946,433125237,491726836,289,31839874,1201130,133624099,0,732904,0,0,671,15993919,0,2888077,697638,10886872,3114678,359796,169499784,17,"Tons",4038449,11134,31.75,32.96,1.34,0.01,9845,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Colbert","Steam","01/01/55","1/1/1965",1350000,1283000,8760,222,6557785000,279029,50717782,608908796,659905607,489,12808186,3684548,92134159,0,115314,0,0,3096,11894009,0,1552144,1216679,16776178,4392373,150021,131918521,20,"Tons",2890398,10787,27.4,31.47,1.38,0.01,10066,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Shawnee","Steam","01/01/53","1/1/1956",1750000,1368000,8760,264,8060005000,504507,64076435,534941906,599522848,343,20760203,5379072,113531307,0,6565666,0,0,278,7470171,0,2988378,2163530,11022440,5415043,396055,154931940,19,"Tons",3766896,10234,28.54,29.83,1.34,0.01,10474,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Johnsonville","Steam","01/01/51","1/1/1959",1485200,1213000,8760,269,6638234000,87967,76839994,522564850,599492811,404,5328716,12443723,83697340,0,-481100,0,0,6321,6501533,0,2973740,1891947,6444598,2867797,430252,116776151,18,"Tons",2922958,11389,26.49,28.52,1.16,0.01,10912,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Tennessee Valley Authority",18642,1999,"Widows Creek","Steam","01/01/52","1/1/1965",1968760,1652000,8760,332,8498846000,855691,74795817,748521437,824172945,419,22653730,3695032,119092329,0,6555644,0,0,1697,9854746,0,1449646,2594983,13869309,4635675,4932791,166681852,20,"Tons",3858785,10808,28.8,30.16,1.27,0.01,10896,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Salt River Proj Ag I & P Dist",16572,1999,"PALO VERDE 17.49%","n","01/01/86","01/01/88",666364,659000,8760,0,5317709000,1244457,281584974,735793972,1018623403,1529,6013000,4282694,25651422,2986065,4032493,0,0,2276671,26939892,0,5837013,1933729,6303817,3749209,2418208,86411213,16,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BBTU",57406,0,0,440.13,0.44,0.01,10795,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Salt River Proj Ag I & P Dist",16572,1999,"San Tan","Combined Cy","01/01/74","01/01/75",414000,292000,4112,43,714062000,149179,2773141,65463525,68385845,165,-5000,380221,14107193,0,1594474,0,0,0,845877,0,332730,170816,0,7389209,249749,25070269,35,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",6579686,1017,2.12,2.12,2.08,0.02,9372,"BBL",291,485968,0,24.61,4.22,0,0 "Salt River Proj Ag I & P Dist",16572,1999,"SOLAR PV1 & PV2","So1ar","01/01/98","01/01/98",216,100,3000,0,119493,0,0,1676818,1676818,7763,1852000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Salt River Proj Ag I & P Dist",16572,1999,"KYRENE","Steam","01/01/52","01/01/54",108000,106000,736,12,50072000,313326,2433283,15283485,18030094,167,726000,180057,1483303,0,338591,0,0,169009,304652,0,157896,27729,608781,344347,214929,3829294,76,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",651225,1016,2.16,2.16,2.12,0.03,13215,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Salt River Proj Ag I & P Dist",16572,1999,"KYRENE","Gas Turbine","01/01/71","01/01/73",226850,149000,290,0,18990000,0,0,16888448,16888448,74,0,114913,724438,0,85074,0,0,0,40298,0,64493,11249,0,291038,96634,1428137,75,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",281631,1017,2.09,2.09,2.06,0.04,15094,"BBL",60,488889,0,24.61,4.19,0,0 "Salt River Proj Ag I & P Dist",16572,1999,"MOHAVE 10%","Steam","01/01/71","01/01/71",163620,158000,8715,0,996913000,42812,5046928,50920964,56010704,342,1221000,250561,13703464,0,389195,0,0,245787,1776796,-12611,497248,178489,1673455,685271,112185,19499840,20,"Tons",457815,10939,28.47,29.64,1.35,0.01,10093,"MCF",45107,1028,0,2.94,2.86,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Salt River Proj Ag I & P Dist",16572,1999,"CORONADO","Steam","01/01/79","01/01/80",821880,760000,8760,213,5039392000,8300198,158523884,696108809,862932891,1050,7523000,1228492,96325127,0,4607490,0,0,403466,4002498,10446,1754276,1703703,12035645,3902862,1238765,127212770,25,"Tons",2632698,9886,34.53,35.42,1.79,0.02,10357,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BBL",24155,137315,24.21,26.79,4.65,0,0 "Salt River Proj Ag I & P Dist",16572,1999,"CRAIG 29%","Steam","01/01/79","01/01/81",259414,248000,8760,0,2050747000,83589,52424794,181936864,234445247,904,680000,368849,22362014,0,1036824,0,0,425951,1689040,12271,323682,251566,1760910,701820,370069,29302996,14,"Coal",1040589,10060,22.56,21.42,1.06,0.01,10223,"MCF",28100,1000,0,2.49,2.49,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Salt River Proj Ag I & P Dist",16572,1999,"CROSS CUT","Steam","01/01/42","01/01/49",30000,3000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Salt River Proj Ag I & P Dist",16572,1999,"NAVAJO 21.7%","Steam","01/01/74","01/01/76",522857,488000,8760,539,3676183000,42866,27115117,246304509,273462492,523,5605000,1396220,45545213,0,1123640,0,0,257918,3750053,132023,667722,165042,7069421,2110905,434407,62652564,17,"Tons",1685726,10956,23.51,26.74,1.22,0.01,10061,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BBL",8625,139078,22.75,28.63,4.9,0,0 "Salt River Proj Ag I & P Dist",16572,1999,"NAVAJO 100%","Steam","01/01/74","01/01/76",2409480,2250000,8760,539,1.6020912e+10,197537,124954457,1135043822,1260195816,523,25829493,6236459,196347455,0,5554459,0,0,1293757,8406791,0,3306198,769371,29759456,10024854,2263428,263962228,16,"Tons",7339290,10979,23.5,26.63,1.21,0.01,10074,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BBL",39756,139079,22.75,22.47,3.85,0,0 "Salt River Proj Ag I & P Dist",16572,1999,"FOUR CORNERS 10%","Steam","01/01/69","01/01/70",163620,148000,8760,0,1176172000,11573,7334703,91939839,99286115,607,37000,105696,11684589,0,978340,0,0,90099,1040379,83795,135949,61864,1112429,291525,340786,15925451,14,"Tons",644302,8885,17.41,17.97,1.01,0.01,9757,"MCF",26430,1008,0,4.13,4.1,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Salt River Proj Ag I & P Dist",16572,1999,"HAYDEN 50%","Steam","01/01/76","01/01/76",137700,131000,6809,0,812423000,482702,13855905,64632670,78971277,574,16419000,157050,8427442,0,469402,0,0,101091,1360780,0,245277,92834,431566,123971,241674,11651087,14,"Tons",413486,10561,22.49,20.28,0.96,0.01,10759,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BBL",1248,138870,26.63,32.67,5.6,0,0 "Salt River Proj Ag I & P Dist",16572,1999,"AGUA FRIA","Steam","01/01/57","01/01/61",390472,407000,4062,62,888092000,139014,5833721,51714773,57687508,148,23000,345003,21091146,0,1032200,0,0,1186582,715713,0,741888,530777,2232219,897096,413430,29186054,33,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",9553025,1009,2.14,2.14,2.12,0.02,10859,"BBL",3,500000,0,24.61,4.1,0,0 "Salt River Proj Ag I & P Dist",16572,1999,"AGUA FRIA","Gas Turbine","01/01/74","01/01/75",222950,197000,451,0,42223000,0,299904,22692012,22991916,103,0,108584,1469697,0,233742,0,0,0,36481,0,284381,9332,0,296342,34359,2472918,59,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",617372,1007,2.12,0,2.1,0.03,14371,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Alexandria City",298,1999,,"STEAM","01/01/56","01/01/74",171000,170000,5326,20,194429,0,0,0,0,0,0,708998,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,199997,14994,0,404462,0,1328451,6833,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",2346281,10,2.24,2.24,2.14,0.03,12.45,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Ames City of",554,1999,,"STEAM","01/01/50",,102500,103000,8760,45,381623000,0,0,0,0,0,0,4120850,6152121,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,10272971,27,,239196,8800,25.72,25.72,1.46,0.02,11031,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Ames City of",554,1999,,"GAS TURBINE","01/01/72","1/1/1972",22000,18000,95,0,1007000,0,0,0,0,0,0,9422,53460,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,62882,62,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,99000,137300,0.54,0.54,3.93,0.05,13498 "Anaheim City of",590,1999,,"GAS TRUBINE","01/01/90","01/01/91",49270,45998,638,6,27719000,0,9226000,27237000,36463000,740,0,280835,699954,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,187223,0,0,0,1146979,2314991,84,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",258683,1009,2.76,2.76,2.74,25.7,9394,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Anchorage City of",599,1999,"#1","4 Gas 2 Int","01/01/62","01/01/72",85000,33000,1010,14,9983618,80839,3457655,22418738,25957232,305,380194,55796,353989,0,0,0,0,809120,0,3922,67280,67353,0,442853,0,1800313,180,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,273580,0,1000,1.38,1.38,1.38,0.03,19744,778,0,133500,33.82,33.82,6.03,0,0 "Anchorage City of",599,1999,"#2","3 Gas 1 Ste","01/01/75","01/01/84",243200,151000,19516,30,759258360,11240,8928538,75136820,84076598,346,5364843,257796,10642281,0,678572,0,0,1623991,233929,0,330573,231135,303990,1190866,118352,15611485,21,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,7701758,0,1000,1.38,1.38,1.38,0.01,10144,570,0,133500,34.71,34.71,6.19,0,0 "Austin City of",1009,1999,"Downtown","Gas Turbine","01/01/54","01/01/54",5500,5000,0,0,493000,0,0,1065016,1065016,194,0,142,36663,0,0,0,0,7532,0,0,143,0,0,142049,0,186529,378,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",1347,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Austin City of",1009,1999,"Northeast","Steam","01/01/71","01/01/71",31500,31300,7566,24,120607160,70498,2376720,5711293,8158511,259,0,42490,2760067,0,395223,0,0,366434,798118,0,24135,51518,290200,20129,3652,4751966,39,"TON",58175,12000,39.8,39.48,1.64,0.02,12637,"MCF",125541,1020,2.75,2.75,2.7,0.03,12648,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Austin City of",1009,1999,"Downtown","Steam","01/01/35","01/01/54",27500,22500,465,11,4508000,24099,1221355,5587700,6833154,248,0,31568,193351,0,41643,0,0,12652,492890,0,23781,136549,88433,55977,1897,1078741,239,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",70119,1020,2.75,2.75,2.7,0.04,15874,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Austin City of",1015,1999,"DECKER TURBINES","GAS TURBINE","01/01/88","01/01/88",200000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Austin City of",1015,1999,"DECKER SOLAR","SOLAR","01/01/86","01/01/86",300,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Austin City of",1015,1999,"DECKER","STEAM","01/01/70","01/01/77",726000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Austin City of",1015,1999,"HOLLY","STEAM","01/01/60","01/01/74",558000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Austin City of",1015,1999,"SEAHOLM","STEAM","01/01/51","01/01/55",120000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Braintree Town of",2144,1999,"Potter II","Gas Turbine","01/01/77","01/01/77",97500,79500,1284,27,72929000,20271,3762859,18429374,22212504,228,132748,176565,2625145,0,1154442,0,0,0,0,0,158096,316309,488498,491410,262035,5672500,78,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",931167,1035,3.03,3.03,2.92,0.03,11631,"BBLS",14190,138809,15.72,15.72,2.7,0.03,10520 "Brownsville Public Utils Board",2409,1999,"SILAS RAY","STEAM GAS T","01/01/46","01/01/77",155000,197000,5256,29,206,528443,4499041,192117166,197144650,1272,0,205477,6239714,0,1311,0,0,155739,309455,0,74856,224382,203068,176038,1264465,8854505,42983034,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",2346974,1059,2.65,2.65,2.5,0.03,12048,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Bryan City of",2439,1999,,"Gas Turbine","01/01/70","01/01/87",39,30,265,8,5177,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,311874,0,0,0,0,499578,0,0,0,0,0,216081,0,1027533,198480,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",72688,1000,3.8,3.8,3.8,0.06,29839,"Bbl29839",639,128000,55.63,55.63,7.12,0.06,29839 "Bryan City of",2442,1999,"Bryan Municipal","STEAM, GAS","01/01/55","01/01/74",138000,115000,0,20,118273000,0,7590674,7546886,15137560,110,46427,76607,3529286,0,372623,0,0,606045,154868,9320,63805,20315,520977,159461,31344,5544651,47,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",1626575,1,2.25,2.25,2.21,0.03,14.05,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Bryan City of",2442,1999,"Roland C. Dandy","STEAM","01/01/77","01/01/77",105000,106000,0,19,461142000,1183486,10201555,18752019,30137060,287,105283,76291,11510542,0,391030,0,0,512056,181517,12858,53081,31539,405327,91686,57727,13323654,29,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",5120070,1,2.24,2.24,2.21,0.02,11.36,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Burlington City of",2548,1999,"Gas Turbine","Gas Turbine","01/01/71","01/01/71",25500,25000,106,1,2093500,13587,531143,3214616,3759346,147,17164,6073,130467,0,0,0,0,324,5442,16648,0,0,0,75762,0,234716,112,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BBL",6016,137674,20.61,21.69,3.75,0.06,16616 "Burlington City of",2548,1999,"Joseph C McNeil GenrЬ ","Steam","01/01/84","01/01/84",50,53,4305,48,183109400,278455,18147811,50484579,68910845,1378217,571376,140467,6439721,0,788415,0,0,291816,360657,0,131396,35661,553086,1325161,20193,10086573,55,"Wood-Tons",263762,4750,23.46,23.52,2.47,0.03,13742,"MCF",66041,1012124,2.82,2.82,2.78,0.24,86785,"BBL",2260,136430,20.13,21.19,3.7,0,71.02 "Cedar Falls City of",3203,1999,"Streeter Station","Steam","01/01/63","01/01/73",51500,50000,1650,23,38111600,281328,3758281,14375110,18414719,358,699506,97410,1113417,0,230220,0,0,102634,142771,0,90418,180725,588058,55402,9122,2610177,68,"Tons",19527,12429,38.79,36.49,1.47,0.02,14033.99,"MCF",49410,1000,2.75,2.75,2.75,0.04,14033.99,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Cedar Falls City of",3203,1999,"Combustion Turbine","Combustion","01/01/68","01/01/68",25000,20000,193,0,2814300,70777,134588,3497629,3702994,148,3062,4978,122537,0,0,0,0,5713,0,0,6674,9708,0,32837,0,182447,65,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",50599,1000,2.42,2.42,2.42,0.04,17979.25,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "California Dept-Wtr Resources",3255,1999,"Reid Garner #4","Steam-coal","01/01/83","01/01/83",275000,250000,0,96,1597086000,319709000,0,0,319709000,1163,0,0,22054817,0,0,0,0,0,21659183,0,0,0,0,0,0,43714000,27,"Tons",672949,11858,0,13.11,1.31,0.01,11079,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",7515,133622,0,25,4.55,0.05,11570 "California Dept-Wtr Resources",3255,1999,"BottleRock & S Geysep","Steam-Geoth","01/01/85","01/01/85",55000,0,0,0,0,10000,0,0,10000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,553000,0,0,0,0,0,0,553000,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Chanute City of",3355,1999,"Plant #3","Internal Co","01/01/85","01/01/91",31915,39975,595,8,10378156,50000,612000,15500000,16162000,506,0,369525,245371,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,166666,0,0,136912,0,918474,89,"N/A",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",78668,1000,2.66,2.66,2.66,0.02,0.02,"Barrels",3969,138000,26.57,26.57,0.08,0.01,0.01 "PUD No 1 of Clark County",3660,1999,"River Road CCCT","Gas Turbine","01/01/97","01/01/97",248000,258504,7058,21,1711891704,1053160,141767983,13187783,156008926,629,2319343,4203148,23066109,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,91900,0,0,0,27361157,16,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",11463,1060,2042,2012,1.9,0.01,7114,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Clarksdale City of",3702,1999,,"Combine Cyc","01/01/71","01/01/71",25550,24000,2149,6,43507,0,0,4581109,4581109,179,0,10000,1053091,0,0,0,0,130000,80000,0,10000,0,12009,328580,0,1623680,37320,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",374997,1000,2.8,2.8,2.8,0.02,8.62,"BBL",70,142.5,23.14,23.14,3.86,0.05,13.99 "Clarksdale City of",3702,1999,,"Gas Turbine","01/01/65","01/01/65",11500,11500,754,6,12158,0,0,1445133,1445133,126,0,10000,478409,0,0,0,0,100000,50000,0,20000,0,0,226974,0,885383,72823,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",169662,1000,2.8,2.8,2.8,0.03,13.99,"BBL",115,142.5,23.14,23.14,3.86,0.07,20.18 "Coffeyville City o",3892,1999,"COFFEYVILLE","STEAM","01/01/01","01/01/73",56985,55900,4013,23,68578900,0,0,0,0,0,0,57285,2419645,0,0,0,0,0,1146750,0,0,0,8610,0,0,3632290,53,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MMBTU",938070,1000,2.25,2.58,2.58,0.03,1368,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Coldwater Board of Public Util",3915,1999,,"Steam","01/01/00","01/01/64",11125,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,68864,7301,41,105,51389,127700,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Coldwater Board of Public Util",3915,1999,,"Diesel","01/01/48","01/01/78",13250,45933,1719,6,7081208,0,0,0,0,0,0,40423,214682,0,0,0,0,37863,0,0,0,12739,0,71418,0,377125,53,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",65604,9530000,2.84,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",1725,126000,17.7,0,0,0,0 "Colorado Springs City of",3989,1999,"Birdsall","Steam-Gas","01/01/53","01/01/57",62500,4500,1717,4,20716000,10761,2593301,11384249,13988311,224,0,67716,1180669,0,107787,0,0,227078,88988,0,31363,89311,290603,224308,38374,2346197,113,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",412714,806,2.83,2.83,3.52,0.06,16212,"GALLONS",22000,137420,0.11,0.11,0.81,0.01,16212 "Colorado Springs City of",3989,1999,"Drake","Steam-Gas","01/01/25","01/01/74",257300,256000,8760,106,1484262000,2725551,23014851,80547185,106287587,413,0,1059853,25816108,0,1094453,0,0,3228406,1184954,0,462905,237248,4111443,1735831,152472,39083673,26,"TONS",769313,10914,29.13,31.49,1.44,0.01,11585,"MCF",494125,808,2.73,2.73,3.38,0.03,11585,"BARRELS",0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Colorado Springs City of",3989,1999,"Nixon","Steam-Gas","01/01/80","01/01/80",207000,214000,6081,81,1117841000,5059222,39785705,107090082,151935009,734,0,969721,11571054,0,779121,0,0,1343687,1057607,0,489855,218501,3309067,2974204,146609,22859426,20,"TONS",538337,10432,18.31,18.84,0.9,0,10120,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BARRELS",13952,136738,24.87,24.87,4.33,0.04,10120 "Colorado Springs City of",3989,1999,"CTS","Gas","01/01/99","01/01/99",71660,73000,458,0,22292000,418573,123167,32084223,32625963,455,0,0,715385,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,26204,0,741589,33,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",291394,983,2.89,2.87,2.92,0.03,12852,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Columbia City of",4045,1999,,"Steam/Gas T","01/01/10","01/01/70",86000,226000,8760,46,62152000,115894,3578025,15986526,19680445,229,5320808,43503,2133251,0,531664,0,0,967929,376491,0,170114,28005,512239,452108,0,5215304,84,"Tons",37319,13265,53.83,53.69,2.02,3.22,15930,"Mcf",34179,0,3.64,3.64,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Columbus City of",4065,1999,"O'Shaughnessy",,,,5000,5000,0,1,5860000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,49898,0,0,0,0,0,2864,0,52762,9,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Concord City of",4150,1999,,,,,0,0,0,0,545243,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Connecticut Mun Elec Engy Coop",4180,1999,"Millstone Unit 3","Nuclear (e)","01/01/86","01/01/86",1253100,1164700,7329,933,8277624400,0,20415627,29930688,50346315,40,0,324496,363329,24201,162455,0,0,48209,296706,13608,313554,74201,315415,228127,1354,2165655,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Dalton City of",4744,1999,"Wansley 1 & 2","Coal fired","01/01/76","01/01/78",22220,0,0,0,149590620,0,0,9113036,9113036,410,28304,29233,2186381,0,24950,0,0,15863,81536,0,42895,19710,138435,167350,13819,2720172,18,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Dalton City of",4744,1999,"Scherer 1 & 2","Coal fired","/ /","01/01/84",22680,0,0,0,144814966,0,0,13467749,13467749,594,50818,27106,2605498,0,25617,0,0,15303,77539,0,34949,22981,256897,16076,11927,3093893,21,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Denton City of",5063,1999,"SPENCER PLANT","STEAM","01/01/55","01/01/73",179000,259100,11980,36,305539695,0,0,0,0,0,0,233373,9138796,0,348227,0,0,468112,432003,0,71604,11794,211613,467529,210327,11593378,38,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",3800668,1,2.24,2.24,2.24,2.99,12.43,"BBl",0,139.68,7.82,0,0,0,0 "Eugene City of",6022,1999,"Willamette","Steam","01/01/31","01/01/50",25000,0,0,0,0,0,0,1189332,1189332,48,0,0,260,0,1204,0,0,-975,0,0,0,0,0,5095,7459,13043,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Eugene City of",6022,1999,"Energy Center","Steam","01/01/76","01/01/76",51200,41000,0,0,192829000,1280,320371,7521672,7843323,153,0,13058,1366594,0,0,0,0,261785,0,0,0,94,0,127793,0,1769324,9,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,321587,0,2.51,0,0,0,2495.24,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Farmington City of",6204,1999,"ANIMAS","STEAM-COMBI","01/01/55","01/01/94",32180,28000,7808,14,170805000,5968,1109574,25033191,26148733,813,0,70145,3611891,0,225548,0,0,460952,226694,0,122984,0,217797,1021413,38103,5995527,35,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",1668856,1013,2.13,2.13,2.1,0.02,9897,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Farmington City of",6204,1999,"SAN JUAN","STEAM-COAL","/ /","/ /",4300042200,43000,7919,10,293222700,0,5471749,62874731,68346480,0,0,71242,5641682,0,114021,0,0,120758,93838,131,62021,34762,382623,77158,65298,6663534,23,"TONS",167448,9421,32.33,32.33,1.72,0.01,10774,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Fayetteville Public Works Comm",6235,1999,"Butler-Warner Gen PtP","Gas-Turbine","01/01/76","01/01/88",303400,276500,1134,33,0,749336,5123088,100277060,106149484,350,4108529,0,-6665,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,292639,-141172,144802,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",1724674,1046,2.72,2.72,2.6,0.03,12249.5,"Barrels",4,138800,27.15,27.87,4.78,0.06,13375.25 "Fort Pierce Utilities Auth",6616,1999,"Steam","Steam","01/01/21","01/01/89",120011,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,564929,6990,0,231196,0,0,428922,138247,0,21508,56082,204594,1437831,87424,3177723,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Freeport Village of Inc",6775,1999,"Power Plant #1","Internal Co",,"01/01/64",13190,0,0,9,2066120,5022,1113459,3036221,4154702,315,51721,42612,209909,0,0,0,0,518539,0,0,0,79604,0,0,0,850664,412,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",293755,138788,0.81,0.68,0.18,0.97,14.88 "Freeport Village of Inc",6775,1999,"Power Plant #2","Internal Co","1/1/1968","01/01/73",37390,57000,1,9,1277200,1827,3178208,8088951,11268986,301,0,52596,205053,0,0,0,0,634322,0,28573,0,101784,0,0,0,1022328,800,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",319336,138788,0.86,0.64,0.13,0.16,9.2 "Fremont City of",6779,1999,"Wright","Steam","01/01/56","01/01/76",132700,83390,8760,47,336075,202231,5905920,42850719,48958870,369,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Gainesville Regional Utiliti",6909,1999,"DEERHAVEN","STEAM (330-","01/01/69","01/01/81",327500,290000,12226,0,1352589900,254025,31881608,176716069,208851702,638,0,357675,29040171,0,1948913,669408,0,709824,318849,0,0,234571,2947099,1471570,212996,37911076,28,"Tons",434183,13091,0,43.31,1.65,0.02,10917.81,"Mcf",3363772,1047,0,2.65,2.53,0.03,12133.79,"Barrels",37465,152355.8,0,17.6,2.75,0.03,11346.38 "Gainesville Regional Utiliti",6909,1999,"DEERHAVEN","GAS TURBINE","01/01/76","01/01/97",121000,106000,1766,0,84018600,0,1321304,28064043,29385347,243,0,39742,3231130,0,28286,26111,0,2792,9961,0,0,15073,36357,60563,3746,3453761,41,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",1122969,1047,0,2.86,2.74,0.04,14030.74,"Barrels",692,139057.2,0,20.13,3.45,0.06,18331.59 "Gainesville Regional Utiliti",6909,1999,"CRYSTAL RIVER","NUCLEAR","01/01/77","01/01/77",12530,13000,8736,0,100282800,3267,4269194,7051636,11324097,904,0,649986,434350,0,10743,21,0,0,421140,180700,453410,74742,63458,47809,56124,2392483,24,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mmbtu",1060237,1,0,0.41,0.41,0,10572.47,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Gainesville Regional Utiliti",6909,1999,"KELLY","STEAM (310,","01/01/13","01/01/65",69000,70000,6288,38,122927200,29000,3448845,16424862,19902707,288,0,116270,4283336,0,725363,41979,0,353107,42098,0,37872,118991,299095,266800,56631,6341542,52,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",1386371,1041,0,2.8,2.69,0.04,1359.07,"Barrels",27416,150944,0,14.6,2.3,0.03,11701.63 "Gainesville Regional Utiliti",6909,1999,"KELLY","GAS TURBINE","01/01/38","01/01/65",48900,23000,187,0,1323700,0,3911,6914299,6918210,141,0,2848,102069,0,3654,898,0,156,983,0,56884,2806,253,6844,9228,186623,141,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",34317,1041,0,2.97,2.85,0.08,27441.76,"Barrels",125,137462.3,0,2.18,0.38,0.01,33607.61 "Garland City of",6958,1999,"C E Newman","Steam","01/01/57","01/01/64",90,0,0,15,52988540,0,0,0,0,0,0,393626,2065599,0,337730,0,0,304378,0,0,0,95143,576059,204996,14547,3992078,75,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",751031,1027,2.68,2.68,2.61,0.03,14558,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Garland City of",6958,1999,"Ray Olinger","Steam","01/01/66","01/01/75",340,0,0,53,1124489300,352431,77747728,0,78100159,229706,0,925754,28773849,0,899894,0,0,340126,0,0,75135,141289,2796239,1696904,58564,35707754,32,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",12530666,1015,2.29,2.29,2.25,0.02,11307,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Glendale City of",7294,1999,"Grayson Power Plant","C.C. 8 & St","01/01/77","01/01/77",98000,30000,6550,46,83627000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2304766,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2304766,28,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,885159,1032,2.6,2.6,2.52,0.02,10922,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Glendale City of",7294,1999,"Grayson Power Plant","Steam 3, 4,","01/01/53","01/01/64",117000,79000,8095,46,235016000,0,0,0,0,0,0,83118,12398533,0,2564287,0,0,0,199205,0,21789,81361,407902,1157488,0,16913683,72,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,6354878,665,1.96,1.96,2.94,0.04,13452,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Glendale City of",7294,1999,"Grayson Power Plant","Gas Turbine","01/01/72","01/01/74",53000,1000,34332,46,295600,0,0,0,0,0,0,60626,127128,0,0,0,0,0,312,0,0,0,73,124,0,188263,637,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,49491,1032,2.57,2.57,2.49,0.04,17276,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Grand Haven City of",7483,1999,"Sims 111","Steam","01/01/61","01/01/83",65000,65640,7248,34,325839300,194823,17546372,59386460,77127655,1187,608741,60314,5842025,0,518785,0,0,229677,414863,0,31843,59567,1244336,91370,29265,8522045,26,"tons",160760,11367,0,36.34,1.59,17.93,11338,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",13850,1000,0,4.34,0,0,0 "Grand Haven City of",7483,1999,"Diesel Plant","internal co","01/01/31","01/01/74",20430,9030,28,1,72500,27458,445645,4740308,5213411,255,22625,776,38089,0,0,0,0,0,30018,0,0,2297,0,0,74851,146031,2014,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",933,1000,0,4.34,11.87,525.39,44239,"brls",376,144000,0,0.05,0,0,0 "Grand River Dam Authority",7490,1999,"GRDA #1","STEAM","01/01/81","01/01/81",490000,519,8044,97,3074727000,1689890,98855201,234243925,334789016,683,0,134410,29404628,0,904037,0,0,798928,375518,0,169174,314792,2121091,430639,266073,34919290,11,"TONS",1895637,8384,14.42,14.42,0.86,0,10337.97,"MCF",107483,1006,2.44,2.44,2.39,0,35.72,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Grand River Dam Authority",7490,1999,"GRDA #2","STEAM","01/01/86","01/01/86",520000,553,8023,120,2084345000,0,53986144,402596506,456582650,878,0,83334,20574802,0,2216945,0,0,525668,233196,0,104888,178859,2453678,344835,172902,26889107,13,"TONS",2049199,8701,14.76,15.18,0.87,0,10756.78,"MCF",67904,1006,2.52,2.52,2.46,0,20.98,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "PUD No 1 of Grays Harbor Cnty",7548,1999,,,,,0,0,0,0,0,82928,2208894,12774993,15066815,0,0,61617,6477957,0,27174,0,0,0,581817,934,212,0,14634,18437,28696,7211478,0,"Tons",249975,8218,25.98,25.74,1.56,0.02,10782,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Greenwood Utilities Comm",7651,1999,,,,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,445,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Greenwood Utilities Comm",7651,1999,"Wright","Steam","1/1/1902","1/1/1955",17500,11721,1472,12,10291142,44232,477968,5142250,5664450,324,0,43208,293538,0,168488,0,0,154435,29059,1228,19461,29411,12072,62764,5858,819522,80,"Tons",140,13248,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",93243,1019,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Greenwood Utilities Comm",7651,1999,"Henderson","Steam","1/1/1960","1/1/1967",46179,40900,2903,23,50661210,117233,1499663,13202167,14819063,321,0,56586,2045916,0,255116,0,0,157434,117767,0,52669,867,272422,88793,111926,3159496,62,"Tons",545,13100,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",687608,1019,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",120,138486,0,0,0,0,0 "Harrisonburg City of",8198,1999,"PLEASANT VALLEY","GAS-TURBINE","01/01/97","01/01/98",14000,13795,0,2,1546628,18753,975623,6407017,7401393,529,0,9077,75597,0,0,0,0,10595,4440,0,0,5214,15176,0,188,120287,78,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"GALLONS",186918,0,0.4,0.4,0,0,0 "Harrisonburg City of",8198,1999,"MT. CLINTON","GAS-TURBINE","01/01/98","01/01/99",14000,8846,0,2,525731,0,139162,2862528,3001690,214,0,1057,18332,0,0,0,0,6844,366,0,0,5001,1332,0,21,32953,63,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"GALLONS",66356,0,0.4,0.4,0,0,0 "Henderson City Utility Comm",8449,1999,"STATION ONE","STEAM","01/01/51","01/01/68",40591,20000,0,30,4898138,0,2293070,8187353,10480423,258,0,312060,1078245,0,309093,0,0,263344,276291,0,0,14500,164236,186376,9722,2613867,534,"TONS",34517,11434,28.82,28.66,1.31,20.31,11501,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Henderson City Utility Comm",8449,1999,"STATION TWO","STEAM","01/01/73","01/01/74",350000,312000,0,0,2104822040,0,0,115186365,115186365,329,0,469431,479283,0,1971482,0,0,894387,491084,0,272097,167212,3356917,539212,306867,8947972,4,"TONS",249039,11435,23.99,24.09,1.05,10.97,11458,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Holland City of",8723,1999,"48th Street","Oil/Gas Tur","01/01/94","01/01/94",75300,75651,1207,0,55601071,336770,5131914,24597253,30065937,399,33140,0,1847609,0,0,0,0,304910,0,0,0,0,0,70013,0,2222532,40,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",717801,1020,2.6,2.6,2.55,0.03,13168,"Brls",2149,137000,29.4,29.4,5.11,0,222 "Holland City of",8723,1999,"James DeYoung","Steam","01/01/41","01/01/68",62250,55503,8760,45,321994740,803565,5456558,33980556,40240679,646,169931,203954,7360870,0,1786693,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1639115,0,10990632,34,"Tons",168615,12700,41,41,1.57,0.02,13300,"Mcf",4050,1020,3,3,2.94,0,13,"Brs",250,137000,29.4,29.4,5.11,0,4.46 "Holland City of",8723,1999,"6th Street","Oi/Gas Turb","01/01/74","/ /",24000,13000,54,0,139040,20548,219739,2965966,3206253,134,0,0,27012,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,11677,0,38689,278,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Brs",1208,137000,29.4,29.4,5.11,0.25,49992 "Holyoke City of",8774,1999,"Steam","Conventiona","01/01/02","01/01/61",25500,18000,272,32,-1054,143821,1991971,11336832,13472624,528,0,1028334,2937101,0,124366,0,0,0,0,0,416066,0,0,0,0,307775,-292007,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",57642,1020,2.74,2.74,2.68,0.05,23544,"Barrels",265,152297,16.24,22.59,3.53,0.05,23544 "Homestead City of",8795,1999,"G.W.","Int. Combus","01/01/26","01/01/81",59100,63000,8700,21,73393186,7431029,52158226,0,59589255,1008,3549232,0,2715528,0,0,0,0,211533,0,0,749417,13328,0,1665477,0,5355283,73,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCP",652925,1091,2.85,3.21,2.85,0,10060,"BARRELS",13090,140600,24,24,0,0,1038 "Terrebonne Parish Consol Govt",8884,1999,"Houm plnt","Stem","01/01/62","01/01/76",78950,67,8908,26,108812349,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",1412914,1,2.82,2.82,2.66,0.03,13778,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Hudson Town of",8973,1999,"Cherry St Station","Internal Co","01/01/00","01/01/72",15200,15200,328,10,2018120,3500,332760,3278258,3614518,238,0,29030,151138,0,0,0,0,177436,0,0,27887,98252,0,122644,0,606387,300,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,33210,910,2.98,2.98,3.27,0,0,,2307,140000,24.47,22.62,3.85,0.04,0 "Hudson Town of",8973,1999,"HLP Peaking","Internal Co","01/01/62","01/01/62",4400,4400,283,0,1552200,0,1503,711956,713459,162,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Lafayette City of",9096,1999,"Doc Bonin","Steam","01/01/65","01/01/77",331500,276000,14682,26,772281,302436,6849008,50156340,57307784,173,1732453,190840,21238385,0,398587,0,0,563223,268406,0,110983,25741,202633,459320,729180,24187298,31319,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",8285542,1055,2.47,2.47,2.34,0.02,11586,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Lafayette City of",9096,1999,"Curtis A. Rodemacherи","Steam","01/01/51","01/01/60",33700,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Hutchinson Utilities Comm",9130,1999,"NO.2","GAS TURBINE","01/01/75","01/01/95",90500,52000,3484,8,143171,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",1199515,1000000,1.94,1.94,1.94,0.02,857,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Hutchinson Utilities Comm",9130,1999,"NO.1","INTERNAL CO","01/01/41","01/01/63",19280,13000,481,17,1411,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",10876,1000000,2.5,2.5,2.5,0.02,11409,"BARRELS",898,138500,21.33,21.33,3.67,0.04,11409 "Hutchinson Utilities Comm",9130,1999,"NO.1","GAS TURBINE","01/01/71","01/01/71",16000,12600,1947,17,18870,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",210955,1000000,2.16,2.16,2.16,0.02,11179,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Imperial Irrigation District",9216,1999,"YUMA AXIS (YUCCA)","STEAM/GAS T","01/01/59","01/01/59",97000,88000,8721,26,352808000,64181,2260883,23196343,25521407,263,0,379434,10637888,0,935878,0,0,640464,495843,0,99827,69611,406661,211055,674585,14551246,41,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",4064674,1009,2.34,2.34,2.32,0.03,11.62,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Imperial Irrigation District",9216,1999,"BRAWLEY","GAS TURBINE","01/01/62","01/01/62",22500,0,0,0,0,5071,76410,2726341,2807822,125,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1734,0,0,0,2153,82770,0,0,86657,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Imperial Irrigation District",9216,1999,"ROCKWOOD","GAS TURBINE","01/01/77","01/01/80",49900,43000,449,3,8735400,3032,432127,10030106,10465265,210,0,48642,178668,0,0,0,0,31135,0,0,83679,478,0,196364,0,538966,62,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",120588,1009,2.77,2.77,2.75,0.03,13.81,"BBLS",309,139000,31.32,31.32,5.36,0.08,12.78 "Imperial Irrigation District",9216,1999,"EC STEAM PLANT","STEAM","01/01/49","01/01/93",236000,200000,14438,32,346976000,145322,8507545,92188450,100841317,427,0,435334,9038913,0,564914,0,0,928726,354013,0,378925,35949,1083557,364726,297164,13482221,39,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",3854124,1009,2.73,2.73,2.7,0.03,11.2,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Imperial Irrigation District",9216,1999,"COACHELLA PLANT","GAS TURBINE","01/01/73","01/01/76",92600,79900,484,3,8735400,0,660201,8509765,9169966,99,0,0,384991,0,0,0,0,16129,0,0,0,0,0,221825,0,622945,71,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",133342,1009,2.68,2.68,2.65,0.07,15.4,"BBLS",161,139000,19.82,19.82,3.4,0.03,15.49 "Independence City of",9231,1999,"Station H","Combustion","01/01/72","01/01/72",43900,35000,768,0,9679000,0,264494,7881342,8145836,186,3650000,0,418654,0,0,0,0,259,6023,0,1558,1922,0,40063,6460,474939,49,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",165620,1006,2.52,2.52,2.5,4.32,17250,"barrel",70,137380,0,22.9,3.97,0,0 "Independence City of",9231,1999,"Station I","Combustion","01/01/72","01/01/72",39200,20000,84,0,913000,0,302177,5529062,5831239,149,1900000,0,60551,0,0,0,0,165,6970,0,5781,13239,0,25841,31762,144309,158,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"barrel",2704,137380,19.9,22.39,3.88,6.63,17087 "Independence City of",9231,1999,"Station J","Combustion","01/01/69","01/01/69",36000,25000,236,0,2002000,0,0,7805061,7805061,217,0,0,125702,0,0,0,0,222,1531,0,871,4113,0,24419,8730,165588,83,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"barrel",6516,137380,19.17,19.29,3.34,6.28,18779 "Independence City of",9231,1999,"Missouri City","Steam","01/01/55","01/01/55",46000,39000,1671,4,15124000,35409,3991334,17761788,21788531,474,0,7082,502886,0,176489,0,0,179516,70526,0,12705,8751,225619,212687,60099,1456360,96,"tons",12047,11335,30.77,38.88,1.72,3.33,18669,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"barrel",1600,137380,20.32,22.13,3.83,0,0 "Independence City of",9231,1999,"Blue Valley Steam","Steam","01/01/58","01/01/65",115000,84320,13965,66,241792052,334550,7113970,51575531,59024051,513,0,419819,4808525,0,524873,0,0,530126,996421,0,397024,47705,1359676,212400,446582,9743151,40,"tons",141859,10419,27.47,28,1.34,1.99,13563,"Mcf",318933,1007,2.6,2.6,2.58,0,0,"barrel",381,137380,19.7,29.02,5.03,0,0 "Independence City of",9231,1999,"Blue Valley RCT","Gas Turbine","01/01/76","01/01/76",61000,0,0,0,-34900,0,79423,9483847,9563270,157,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,6781,13176,0,85297,2666,107920,-3092,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"barrel",0,0,19.7,0,0,0,0 "Indiana Municipal Power Agency",9234,1999,"Anderson","Combustion","01/01/92","01/01/92",77400,0,677,1,16207699,338303,2059957,27858215,30256475,391,24719,109921,852328,0,0,0,0,-99533,0,0,0,0,0,35406,0,898122,55,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",221255,1008,3.76,3.76,0,0.03,13866,"Barrels",913,135000,0,21.44,0,0,0 "Indiana Municipal Power Agency",9234,1999,"Richmond","Combistion","01/01/92","01/01/92",77400,0,672,2,16681301,285908,1897137,27678416,29861461,386,24719,109412,777649,0,0,0,0,63041,0,0,0,0,0,113291,0,1063393,64,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",205930,1008,3.25,3.25,0,0.03,13826,"Barrels",4618,135000,0,22.83,0,0,0 "Jacksonville Electric Auth",9617,1999,"St. Johns River Powr","Steam","01/01/87","01/01/88",1359200,1254800,16230,379,9769075000,8261567,216790382,1265014325,1490066274,1096,3558053,1278911,141047857,0,5601281,0,0,1074855,5428044,46697,1187268,2385486,20285812,4095589,1403840,183835640,19,"Ton",3747220,12457,34.89,34.89,1.42,0.02,9594,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"bbl",63214,139174,0,21.47,2.12,0,0 "Jacksonville Electric Auth",9617,1999,"Southside Station","Steam","01/01/50","01/01/64",231600,212500,10904,10,554635000,260352,9143119,32049310,41452781,179,1629842,271851,15520408,0,1599580,0,0,0,206567,0,326718,25186,630482,191705,280057,19052554,34,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",2507368,1060,0,2.34,3.06,0.03,11179,"Bbl",557864,151168,0,15.84,3.06,0.03,11179 "Jacksonville Electric Auth",9617,1999,"Northside Station","Steam","01/01/66","01/01/77",1158700,770000,15844,253,3351845000,2786108,56942751,225240754,284969613,246,33142204,2784678,74049151,0,5992982,0,0,44719,4602152,0,1374517,505398,7585701,1471833,857253,99268384,30,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",8655547,1061,0,2.25,2.88,0.02,10216,"Bbl",3945407,150694,0,13.69,2.88,0.02,10216 "Jacksonville Electric Auth",9617,1999,"Northside Station","Combustion","01/01/68","01/01/75",248400,133600,1573,0,37400000,0,13725,30470646,30484371,123,788220,0,2222304,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2222304,59,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Bbl",106276,141886,0,20.19,4.14,0.05,16933 "Jacksonville Electric Auth",9617,1999,"Kennedy Station","Steam","01/01/55","01/01/69",149600,99000,5097,10,347132000,1512681,17018214,28634062,47164957,315,401104,268512,9068081,0,772026,0,0,0,215330,0,64213,51497,330526,641660,660280,12072125,35,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",391837,1061,0,2.34,2.97,0.02,11107,"Bbl",540582,151503,0,14.74,2.97,0.02,11107 "Jacksonville Electric Auth",9617,1999,"Kennedy Station","Combustion","01/01/69","01/01/78",168600,154000,1125,0,42180000,0,1327436,21421124,22748560,135,25091556,0,2490159,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2490159,59,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Bbl",112392,139127,0,20.19,4.14,0.05,15570 "Jamestown City of",9645,1999,"Samuel A. Carlson","Steam","01/01/00","01/01/68",57700,49026,8760,35,150393293,431201,4905918,44660838,49997957,867,0,307142,3248587,0,767918,0,0,67674,0,0,323990,45918,307513,223184,92412,5384338,36,"Tons",90599,12698,32.64,32.62,1.3,0.02,15.15,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Kansas City City of",9996,1999,"NEARMAN","STEAM","01/01/81","01/01/81",235000,0,6232,0,1163529000,1149455,33440175,132136477,166726107,709,0,2403060,10767308,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,4927543,0,0,0,0,18097911,16,"Tons",816559,11608,0,13.63,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Gallons",337856,0,0,0.53,0,0,0 "Kansas City City of",9996,1999,"QUINDARO","GAS TURBINE","01/01/61","01/01/77",121100,0,848,0,37328000,0,0,12878040,12878040,106,0,0,2472937,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,154961,0,0,0,0,2627898,70,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",82098,0,0,2.67,0,0,0,"Gallons",3996910,10968,0,0.56,0,0,0 "Kansas City City of",9996,1999,"Kaw","STEAM","01/01/55","01/01/62",144000,0,735,0,52780000,226366,10485751,61538861,72250978,502,0,1219250,2547603,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,120227,0,0,0,0,3887080,74,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",768569,14616,0,2.89,0,0,0,"Gallons",2470,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Kansas City City of",9996,1999,"Quindaro","STEAM","01/01/66","01/01/71",232000,0,7553,0,432609000,318548,21469578,113626934,135415060,584,0,4220013,12201830,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,6446514,0,0,0,0,22868357,53,"Tons",257094,10922,0,18.02,0,0,0,"MCF",136450,0,0,2.53,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Kaukauna City of",10056,1999,"Gas-Turbine","Gas-Turbine","01/01/69","01/01/69",20000,20000,0,0,1633000,27532,147667,1773210,1948409,97,0,6258,0,0,0,0,0,5950,179,0,5243,0,0,25424,859,43913,27,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Kaukauna City of",10056,1999,"Diesel","Internal Co","01/01/66","01/01/66",6000,6000,0,1,2547740,0,0,750737,750737,125,0,1797,0,0,0,0,0,17685,70,0,1675,0,0,119575,865,141667,56,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Kennett City of",10152,1999,,,"01/01/42","01/01/75",31906,0,0,11,1634000,22309,787483,6445027,7254819,227,0,388548,59743,0,0,0,0,90225,0,0,0,0,0,71100,0,609616,373,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Key West City of",10226,1999,"STOCK ISLAND GENERAT","STOCK ISLAN","01/01/65","01/01/65",6000,1830,504,3,787200,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BBL",1537,147619,25.24,23.84,3.85,0.04,12420 "Key West City of",10226,1999,"BIG PINE & CUDJOE KE","PEAKING DIE","01/01/66","01/01/66",7800,6000,1241,3,1626000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BBL",3240,147619,25.24,22.91,3.69,0.04,12353 "Key West City of",10226,1999,"STOCK ISLAND GENERAT","COMBUSTION","01/01/98","01/01/98",19770,17800,170,3,6338385,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BBL",19072,147619,25.24,23.84,3.85,0.07,18656 "Key West City of",10226,1999,"STOCK ISLAND GENERA","COMBUSTION","01/01/98","01/01/98",19770,17800,312,3,4201594,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BBL",12081,147619,25.24,23.84,3.85,0.06,17828 "Key West City of",10226,1999,"STOCK ISLAND GENERA","MEDIUM SPEE","01/01/92","01/01/92",19200,17400,1348,4,7680400,725946,2129491,33095400,35950837,1872,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BBL",15168,147619,25.24,23.84,3.85,0.04,12245 "Key West City of",10226,1999,"STOCK ISLAND GENERA","COMBUSION T","01/01/78","01/01/78",23450,20000,338,3,3341400,102063,3836252,41439758,45378073,1935,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BBL",10618,147619,25.24,23.84,3.85,0.07,19703 "Kissimmee Utility Authority",10376,1999,"Cane Island Unit 1","Gas Turbine","01/01/94","01/01/95",40000,40500,959,0,14625850,2178026,8322640,16405426,26906092,673,0,155794,616975,0,21370,0,0,0,47552,0,0,82207,42233,3552,0,969683,66,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Kissimmee Utility Authority",10376,1999,"Cane Island Unit 2","Combined Cy","01/01/95","01/01/95",120000,120900,8016,0,410918450,0,18118934,33576386,51695320,431,0,574702,9819459,0,1048989,0,0,0,317852,44,602,7445,273743,228456,0,12271292,30,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Kissimmee Utility Authority",10376,1999,"Hansel 8-20","Internal Co","01/01/59","01/01/80",18350,17800,1896,7,2753500,83022,1284485,18177017,19544524,1065,0,0,60138,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,60138,22,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Kissimmee Utility Authority",10376,1999,"Hansel 21-23","Combined Cy","01/01/83","01/01/83",55000,52300,3391,23,48803800,188985,8733288,12117381,21039654,383,1360859,467366,1917038,0,669123,0,0,0,263562,0,0,9168,294075,290,407232,4027854,83,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Lake Worth City of",10620,1999,"Tom G Smith","Gas Turbine","01/01/76","01/01/76",30000,0,0,0,9028400,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Lake Worth City of",10620,1999,"Tom G Smith","Gas-Turbine","01/01/76","01/01/76",34000,0,10495,35,57950539,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Lake Worth City of",10620,1999,"Tom G Smith","Internal Co","01/01/65","01/01/65",10000,0,1433,0,2538120,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Lakeland City of",10623,1999,"McIntosh","Steam","01/01/71",,404000,382000,7228,201,1839190600,1885069,31460078,296239998,329585145,816,8226431,522705,41752998,0,2155417,0,0,1371320,950229,0,705662,501402,5163353,1063922,1302923,55489931,30,"Tons",500198,12850,43.47,43.81,0,0,0,"MCF",5551769,953000,2.45,2.45,0,0,0,"BBLS",0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Lakeland City of",10623,1999,"McIntosh","Internal Co","01/01/70","1/1/1970",5500,5500,344,0,892340,0,0,1320630,1320630,240,0,0,34735,0,0,0,0,9947,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,44682,50,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BBLS",1518,138953,25.45,22.89,3.92,0,0 "Lakeland City of",10623,1999,"McIntosh","Gas Turbine","01/01/73","1/1/1973",20200,20000,284,0,22266010,0,0,4357281,4357281,216,21292755,0,764571,0,0,0,0,494377,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1258948,57,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",67719,953000,2.51,2.51,2.39,0,0,"BBLS",927,138953,25.45,23.77,4.07,0,0 "Lakeland City of",10623,1999,"Larsen","Steam","01/01/59","1/1/1966",70000,87000,3471,7,109781131,18222,3205076,39859999,43083297,615,1568340,-458515,4264086,0,661973,0,0,352157,157768,0,224398,35362,686445,74964,71417,6070055,55,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",1067068,953000,2.52,2.52,2.4,0,0,"BBLS",62536,149341,15.9,15.4,2.46,0,0 "Lakeland City of",10623,1999,"Larsen","GasTurbine","01/01/62","1/1/1992",141000,144000,5825,39,519222486,10000,355941,47760931,48126872,341,1320675,0,14688881,0,0,0,0,57111,49377,0,75387,135332,474794,0,18035,15498917,30,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",4954465,953000,2.5,2.5,2.38,0,0,"BBLS",778,138657,18.94,23.73,4.07,0,0 "Lansing City of",10704,1999,"Erickson","Steam","01/01/73","01/01/73",154716,155993,7562,28,902816777,503834,8008408,37441310,45953552,297,9431143,598448,15649944,0,1139751,0,0,375627,144309,0,521787,398880,1081673,289370,373441,20573230,23,"Tons",359532,12604,40.78,41.97,1.66,0.02,10054,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BBL",2451,137028,18.35,17.87,3.1,0.03,10213 "Lansing City of",10704,1999,"Ottawa","Steam","01/01/38","01/01/54",2500,0,0,0,0,608570,3547880,114658,4271108,1708,1064667,0,0,0,43886,0,0,0,127,0,0,16474,0,0,716,61203,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Lansing City of",10704,1999,"Eckert","Steam","01/01/00","01/01/00",375000,313553,8760,81,1359307426,17065,20619486,113409313,134045864,357,7390092,1095136,26848959,0,3418600,303612,0,443302,132055,0,712432,787553,4216929,2271054,978202,40742496,30,"tons",809048,10575,30.23,30.51,1.51,0.02,12067,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BBL",12900,138067,18.25,18.61,3.21,0.03,9035 "Lincoln Electric System",11018,1999,"Laramie River","Steam","01/01/80",,183000,0,0,0,1368728000,948685,27384698,112496736,140830119,770,162367,402737,7659439,0,0,0,0,2448015,0,0,0,0,3077883,0,0,13588074,10,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Lincoln Electric System",11018,1999,"Rokeby 2","Gas Turbine","01/01/97","1/1/1997",95400,85000,472,10,27550000,292531,1645078,27003893,28941502,303,4175680,124454,675616,0,0,0,0,179579,0,0,6681,10203,0,200778,21818,1219129,44,"N/A",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",338164,996,2.05,2.05,2.05,0.03,12591,"BBLS",1980,137799,0,22.26,3.78,0.06,14724 "Lincoln Electric System",11018,1999,"8th & J","Gas Turbine","01/01/72","1/1/1972",27000,31000,81,10,1838000,77662,98128,4865007,5040797,187,164554,41168,79431,0,0,0,0,43462,0,0,1750,5169,0,55828,0,226808,123,"N/A",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",29571,989,2.75,2.75,2.79,0.04,16104,"BBLS",67,128691,0,22.26,3.78,0.07,17830 "Lincoln Electric System",11018,1999,"Rokeby #1","Gas Turbine","01/01/75","1/1/1975",72400,71000,64,10,2311000,95118,1918857,8492052,10506027,145,175405,74672,114678,0,0,0,0,94085,0,0,40687,67514,0,1328510,21818,1741964,754,"N/A",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",32475,994,2.33,2.33,2.34,0.03,14499,"BBLS",293,137799,19.45,22.23,3.77,0.08,20315 "Littleton Town of",11085,1999,"NEW HAVEN HARBOR",".225% JOINT",,,0,0,0,0,1732502,0,0,0,0,0,0,90,51512,0,948,0,0,0,0,0,2392,0,0,0,0,54942,32,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Logansport City of",11142,1999,"Logansport","Steam","01/01/58","01/01/64",38500,0,8760,22,162228320,109642,1405355,19237386,20752383,539,0,190031,3821848,0,128670,0,0,36753,919428,0,140403,20089,563819,408835,480785,6710661,41,90397,92870,11500,41.15,41.15,2.13,0.02,13.17,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Logansport City of",11142,1999,"Logansport","Oil/Gas","01/01/69","01/01/69",17500,0,0,0,577170,0,1025207,0,1025207,59,0,0,42618,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,42618,74,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Los Angeles City of",11208,1999,"VALLEY","STEAM","01/01/54","01/01/56",545600,337000,0,7,27314000,926527,25439704,84246953,110613184,203,3500000,60235,13221495,0,55929,0,0,0,442925,0,11284,70392,77493,61823,114689,14116265,517,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",404724,1,3,3,2.96,37.96,12816,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Los Angeles City of",11208,1999,"HARBOR","CONBINED ST","01/01/94","01/01/94",229000,558000,2259,41,524137000,1740059,87786094,289957234,379483387,1657,8879733,276214,3330349,0,62330,0,0,0,1084424,0,580563,202658,212797,374547,185390,6309272,12,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",4522291,1,3,3,2.96,25.77,8701,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Los Angeles City of",11208,1999,"HARBOR","GAS TURBINE","01/01/72","01/01/72",38000,36000,48,0,850000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Los Angeles City of",11208,1999,"HAYNES","STEAM","01/01/62","01/01/67",1608000,1489000,8015,123,2113574000,933038,37791521,306054386,344778945,214,1741576,1052843,50891914,0,3057224,0,0,1792056,5017847,0,939570,1424717,3202792,2787404,1583937,71750304,34,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",22709425,1,3,3,2.96,32.1,10839,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Los Angeles City of",11208,1999,"SCATTERGOOD","STEAM","01/01/58","01/01/74",823200,835000,8758,91,1679449000,515557,47288037,164431480,212235074,258,46903,1404338,66439099,0,1408691,0,0,0,3756004,0,214277,727252,3701955,1608703,1273919,80534238,48,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",15638964,1,3,3,2.96,28.3,9556,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Lower Colorado River Authority",11269,1999,"Ferguson",,"01/01/74","01/01/74",446000000,0,0,0,1378410000,931823,26158508,42319502,69409833,0,0,347319,29342167,0,137242,0,0,734629,899018,0,332791,702887,413738,469747,33658,33413196,24,"TONS",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",14169320,1013,2.06,2.06,2.03,0.02,10552,"BBL",0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Lower Colorado River Authority",11269,1999,"Fayette","Steam","01/01/79","01/01/88",1690000000,0,0,0,1.1015857e+10,13591047,103023934,837863878,954478859,1,0,2157811,109413990,0,3840257,0,0,2391848,4494846,0,2014006,1954362,4931568,1961033,403807,133563528,12,"TONS",6553001,8409,16.17,16.17,0.96,0,0,"MCF",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BBL",19258,141000,14.25,14.25,2.4,0,0 "Lower Colorado River Authority",11269,1999,"Sim Gideon","Steam","01/01/65","01/01/69",623000000,0,0,0,2101292000,458719,20455136,65676320,86590175,0,0,482445,43723684,0,794924,0,0,891660,1130940,0,200902,1092136,961820,567117,75540,49921168,24,"TONS",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",20136681,1095,2.1,2.1,1.91,0.02,10495,"BBL",0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Lubbock City of",11292,1999,,"STEAM","01/01/49","01/01/58",72000,51000,5256,6,20565500,6000,300000,13000000,13306000,185,0,105299,1101550,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,26625,6656,0,33282,0,1273412,62,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",382836,1025,2.88,2.88,2.81,0.05,19081,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Lubbock City of",11292,1999,"BRANDON","GAS TURBINE","01/01/90","01/01/90",20000,21000,8760,8,139296480,0,1000000,15500000,16500000,825,0,233999,3337924,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,59168,14792,0,73959,0,3719842,27,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",1543387,1018,2.16,2.16,2.12,0.02,11279,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Lubbock City of",11292,1999,"HOLLY","GAS TURBINE","01/01/64","01/01/74",52500,45000,4818,3,21967922,10000,300000,5300000,5610000,107,0,11700,962730,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2958,740,0,3698,0,981826,45,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",384439,1040,2.5,2.5,2.41,0.04,18200,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Lubbock City of",11292,1999,"HOLLY","STEAM","01/01/65","01/01/78",98000,102000,8760,32,323909370,62000,1000000,21000000,22062000,225,0,818996,9820907,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,207086,51772,0,258858,0,11157619,34,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",3921699,1040,2.5,2.5,2.41,0.03,12592,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Manitowoc Public Utilities",11571,1999,"MPU","Gas-Turbine","01/01/99","01/01/99",25000,0,214,0,3613,290255,201403,6104428,6596086,264,0,0,264472,0,0,0,0,30590,0,0,0,0,0,41325,0,336387,93105,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",51,1000,0.41,0.41,4.17,0.07,0,"Barrels",2438,141200,20.88,20.88,3.52,0.07,0 "Manitowoc Public Utilities",11571,1999,"MPU","Steam","01/01/00","01/01/91",79000,107500,8760,39,249415,211671,5013787,36586533,41811991,529,0,138503,5701868,0,541602,0,0,470467,759564,704,62857,42576,1443126,445568,10944,9617779,38561,"Tons",163852,11080,40.02,40.02,1.81,0.02,0,"MCF",2,1000,0.71,0.71,7.13,0.02,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Manitowoc Public Utilities",11571,1999,"MPU","Internal Co","01/01/85","01/01/85",10500,0,207,0,2140,0,352901,5986839,6339740,604,0,6091,84690,0,0,0,0,49736,0,0,0,0,0,58906,0,199423,93188,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",8,1000,0.62,0.62,0.62,0.03,0,"Barrels",1570,141200,22.77,22.77,3.84,0.03,0 "Marquette City of",11701,1999,"Shiras Steam Plant","Steam","01/01/64","01/01/83",77358,52900,24,40,263218000,951797,8431629,56045965,65429391,846,41203,67627,4986648,0,777004,0,0,293702,159196,0,54712,51526,724902,292519,10515,7418351,28,"Tons",181283,9554,21.46,22.7,1.19,0.02,13173,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",582,138200,20.58,26.46,4.56,0.02,13173 "Marquette City of",11701,1999,"#4 Plant","Gas-Turbine","01/01/79","01/01/79",23000,24700,1,0,5060000,0,300285,4190798,4491083,195,0,4733,283345,0,0,0,0,17195,3952,0,4867,6844,0,27249,40,348225,69,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",13164,138200,21.37,23.67,3.68,0.06,15100 "Marshall City of",11732,1999,"Mrshll","Stem/Intern","01/01/36","01/01/94",57000,43,24,56,48751000,313299,4219564,22221117,26753980,469,395259,452378,1560029,0,0,0,0,0,349846,0,37339,40097,532898,65835,0,3038422,62,26848,11000,32,0,0,0,0,0,190844,140000,2,0,0,0,0,0,755,10000,24.17,0,0,0,0,0 "Massachusetts Mun Whls Elec Co",11806,1999,"Stonybrook Intermedil","Combined Cy","01/01/81","01/01/81",360000,352000,12276,33,780857100,1222270,29736068,116789790,147748128,410,161005,341244,19982046,0,0,0,0,1295017,0,0,217695,109254,0,4801314,0,26746570,34,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",5422522,1025,2.75,2.75,2.68,0,0,"barrel",265482,138500,21.33,19.11,3.28,0.01,9096 "Massachusetts Mun Whls Elec Co",11806,1999,"Stonybrook Peaking","Gas Turbine","/ /","/ /",170000,170000,620,33,40304600,457327,10488903,45433687,56379917,332,41438,85682,1683238,0,0,0,0,251375,0,0,16235,17343,0,119640,0,2173513,54,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"barrel",86543,138500,21.33,19.45,3.34,0.04,12490 "McPherson City of",12208,1999,"Power Plant 3","Gas Turbine","01/01/98","01/01/98",115600,92000,851,5,32881000,95000,0,25388890,25483890,220,483472,16336,1488284,0,0,0,0,2781,65038,0,8158,7240,0,77867,59525,1725229,52,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",454570,1012,3.19,3.19,3.16,4.5,14233,"bbl",1154,129200,0.39,0.39,3.06,3.42,11185 "McPherson City of",12208,1999,"Gas Turbine 2","Gas Turbine","01/01/76","01/01/76",56,51000,90,5,2234000,0,0,5867669,5867669,104780,0,16153,125470,0,0,0,0,120168,30978,0,8157,0,0,109601,61288,471815,211,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"bbl",5874,129200,0.51,0.51,3.95,5.64,14268 "McPherson City of",12208,1999,"Gas Turbine 3","Gas Turbine","01/01/79","01/01/79",57,50000,416,5,11756000,0,0,8189960,8189960,143684,0,16153,502404,0,0,0,0,120168,30977,0,8158,0,0,125268,61288,864416,74,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",167915,1012,3.33,3.33,3.3,4.78,14473,"bbl",63,129200,0.51,0.51,3.95,9,22782 "McPherson City of",12208,1999,"Plant 2","Steam","01/01/63","01/01/63",27200,25000,1054,5,13725000,103203,908048,4415135,5426386,199,42,16153,666001,0,3889,0,0,120168,30978,0,8158,22083,74263,39108,61287,1042088,76,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",173245,1012,3.33,3.33,3.3,4.21,12774,"bbl",0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "McPherson City of",12208,1999,"Gas Turbine 1","Gas Turbine","01/01/73","01/01/73",56400,52000,289,5,10349000,0,0,5796442,5796442,103,0,16153,444620,0,0,0,0,120169,30977,0,8158,0,0,41682,61288,723047,70,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",142295,1012,3.33,3.33,3.3,4.6,13948,"bbl",74,129200,0.51,0.51,3.95,6.37,16124 "Modesto Irrigation District",12745,1999,"Mc Clure","Gas Turbine","01/01/80","01/01/81",142400,114000,458,3,17013650,41196,671200,22702649,23415045,164,0,39428,921989,0,0,0,0,64862,0,0,93204,0,0,143571,0,1263054,74,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",184791,1,2.85,2.85,2.79,0.04,14761.28,"BBl",9827,139269,36.12,36.12,0,0.09,15255.06 "Modesto Irrigation District",12745,1999,"Woodland","Gas Turbine","01/01/93","01/01/93",56000,50400,3047,11,112459100,734117,28375,53064895,53827387,961,0,276493,3266313,0,0,0,0,513943,0,0,1528,0,0,410220,0,4468497,40,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",1012876,1,3.02,3.02,2.96,0.03,9186.75,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Menasha City of",12298,1999,"Menasha","Steam","01/01/49","01/01/64",23400,19595,2037,14,13992,6795,1217617,5289233,6513645,278,20649,40246,27120,0,79885,0,0,60710,95780,0,0,31581,159677,52699,457,548155,39176,"TONS",6898,13928,56.5,56.5,2.02,0.03,15599,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Michigan South Central Pwr Agy",12807,1999,"ENDICOTT","STEAM",,,60000,60000,7000,52,254166000,1446080,18162501,58822650,78431231,1307,914746,337766,5265494,0,924558,0,35080,360832,450758,0,195457,66358,661707,192331,74782,8565123,34,"TONS",137701,12027,37.16,36.29,1.51,0.01,12748,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Moorhead City of",12894,1999,"Mhd Power Plant","gas turbine","01/01/61","01/01/61",10000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Morgan City City of",12927,1999,"Joe Cefalu Plant","Steam","01/01/62","01/01/73",70000,40000,0,14,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Muscatine City of",13143,1999,"MUSCATINE","STEAM","01/01/58","01/01/83",275500,149900,16238,134,1301983501,784560,72060043,213242536,286087139,1038,28455966,817203,14751640,0,1679994,0,0,663199,1356159,0,672523,554305,2370831,1148168,1101042,25115064,19,"TONS",877820,8297,12.88,13.05,0.79,0.01,11188,"MCF",283208,10200,3.26,3.26,3.18,0,0,"BARRELS",610,138500,30.04,21.9,3.77,0,0 "Nebraska Public Power District",13337,1999,"Hallam Peaking Unit","Gas Turbine","01/01/73","01/01/73",56700,60000,258,0,10894000,0,229583,4830489,5060072,89,0,0,440985,0,0,0,0,60635,0,0,0,89639,0,94772,13125,699156,64,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Nebraska Public Power District",13337,1999,"Canaday","Steam","01/01/58","01/01/58",108800,121200,2001,14,85089000,0,9403261,329722,9732983,89,328840,152096,2125397,0,407076,0,0,27245,201168,0,32073,131835,231925,109745,195984,3614544,42,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Nebraska Public Power District",13337,1999,"Gerald Gentleman Sta(","Steam","01/01/78","/ /",1362600,1254000,8657,192,8027362000,3015802,318185462,344602325,665803589,489,19495116,1045932,44726329,0,1955325,0,0,1668527,2934342,193314,448908,877355,10569506,3498868,1294889,69213295,9,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Nebraska Public Power District",13337,1999,"McCook Peaking Unit","Gas Turbine","01/01/73","01/01/73",56700,56000,60,0,211000,0,194256,4595530,4789786,84,0,0,81476,0,0,0,0,25734,0,0,0,2300,0,73703,18199,201412,955,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Nebraska Public Power District",13337,1999,"Hebron Peaking Unit","Gas Turbine","01/01/73","01/01/73",56700,57000,75,0,854000,0,301381,5462494,5763875,102,0,0,181334,0,0,0,0,26759,0,0,0,1630,0,58749,11328,279800,328,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Nebraska Public Power District",13337,1999,"Cooper Nuclear Stat.(","Nuclear","01/01/74","01/01/74",835550,783000,8563,726,6510414600,1028504,187460511,519340650,707829665,847,2508133,8619618,38176410,69343,4859991,0,0,93589,58078357,0,1807073,518308,3317219,1964536,2016373,119520817,18,,20216418,0,0,5.67,53.53,0,10598,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Nebraska Public Power District",13337,1999,"Sheldon Station","Steam","01/01/61","01/01/65",228650,220000,8701,78,1347971000,1843119,10754821,79036432,91634372,401,5634223,590917,10462420,0,930249,0,0,633786,1478748,0,168336,7310,2160302,1295964,920587,18648619,14,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "New Ulm Public Utilities Comm",13488,1999,"No 3 & 4 & 6","Steam Gener","01/01/02","01/01/64",27000,44000,24,21,16916000,0,3055780,9310761,12366541,458,473090,425178,467864,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,31350,152102,138437,0,1214931,72,"tons",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",16576,1000,2.82,2.82,2.82,0.03,10,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "New Ulm Public Utilities Comm",13488,1999,"No 5","Gas Turbine","01/01/75","01/01/75",24000,24000,24,21,2041000,0,0,2465211,2465211,103,0,22377,91296,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1650,0,14351,0,129674,64,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"barrel",4657,140000,26.02,19.6,3.36,0.05,13500 "North Attleborough Town of",13679,1999,,,,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,326,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,32,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "North Attleborough Town of",13679,1999,,,,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,336,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,33,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "North Carolina Eastern M P A",13687,1999,"Roxboro 4","Steam","01/01/66","01/01/80",96000,0,8175,0,520837921,1000,1011000,44494000,45506000,474,72000,48000,9137000,0,80000,0,0,22000,837000,0,67000,17000,475000,136000,53000,10872000,21,"Tons",211870,12369,42.51,42.95,1.74,0.02,10083,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",1763,140091,22.71,21.55,3.66,0,0 "North Carolina Eastern M P A",13687,1999,"Mayo 1","Steam","01/01/83","01/01/83",119000,761,7807,69,651982032,3301000,16199000,82569000,102069000,858,26000,92000,11843000,0,79000,0,0,54000,1174000,0,76000,30000,808000,111000,73000,14340000,22,"Tons",265246,12531,44.52,44.47,1.77,0.02,10243,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",5203,140620,21.57,9.23,1.56,0,0 "North Carolina Eastern M P A",13687,1999,"Roxboro 4","Steam","01/01/66","01/01/80",96000,0,8175,0,520837921,1000,1011000,44494000,45506000,474,72000,48000,9137000,0,80000,0,0,22000,874000,0,67000,17000,475000,136000,53000,10909000,21,"Tons",211870,12369,42.51,42.95,1.74,0.02,10083,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",1763,140091,22.7,21.55,3.66,0,0 "North Carolina Eastern M P A",13687,1999,"Mayo 1","Steam","01/01/00","01/01/00",119000,761,7807,69,651982032,3301000,16199000,82569000,102069000,858,26000,92000,11843000,0,79000,0,0,54000,1221000,0,76000,30000,808000,111000,73000,14387000,22,"Tons",265246,12531,44.52,44.47,1.77,0.02,10243,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",5203,140620,21.57,9.23,1.56,0,0 "North Carolina Eastern M P A",13687,1999,"Brunswick","Nuclear","01/01/75","01/01/77",318000,1696,8584,784,2400008776,617000,94117000,339616000,434350000,1366,297000,666000,11776000,401000,2353000,0,0,533000,9457000,0,1849000,3278000,1064000,298000,1353000,33028000,14,"MW Days",308602,3413000,0,38.16,0.47,0,10533,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "North Carolina Eastern M P A",13687,1999,"Harris","Nuclear","01/01/87","01/01/87",154000,905,8485,491,1171376626,10260000,369018000,452494000,831772000,5401,118000,675000,5246000,252000,1018000,0,0,337000,4827000,0,1102000,634000,445000,182000,302000,15020000,13,"MW Days",156551,3413000,0,33.51,0.41,0,10947,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Oklahoma Municipal Power Auth",14077,1999,"PCRP","Combined cy","01/01/95","01/01/95",60000,60000,0,0,138484081,0,11344757,29655189,40999946,683,0,598783,2955212,0,0,0,0,253386,0,0,44427,0,0,105374,0,3957182,29,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",1392824,1040,2.17,0,2.14,0.02,10460,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Omaha Public Power District",14127,1999,"FORT CALHOUN","NUCLEAR","01/01/73","01/01/73",502000,492000,7785,634,3580681000,1072930277,146516232,296914274,442618959,882,0,4971003,23034948,164893,24110476,0,0,-21786,44474249,3358,250883,11195901,6710538,736065,-37917,115592611,32,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"GRAMS",315984,120828860,0,72.9,60.33,6.42,10650.7,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Omaha Public Power District",14127,1999,"SARPY COUNTY","GAS TURBINE","01/01/72","01/01/96",216405,248000,8271,0,55696000,23490,2151281,52951321,55126092,255,0,54073,2103596,0,0,0,0,0,404211,0,3965,2988,0,310603,72329,2951765,53,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",707344,823,2.46,2.46,2.49,0.04,12745,"BARRELS",3829,138176,17.91,17.91,1.41,0.01,8647 "Omaha Public Power District",14127,1999,"JONES STREET","GAS TURBINE","01/01/73","01/01/74",116000,129400,8332,0,4369000,0,240081,9753334,9993415,86,0,6331,293819,0,0,0,0,0,47413,0,6227,3925,0,20535,134815,513065,117,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BARRELS",13267,138176,13.48,13.48,2.32,0.04,9604 "Omaha Public Power District",14127,1999,"NEBRASKA CITY","STEAM","01/01/79","01/01/79",565000,631500,7500,0,4036035000,-2006108,95061544,382545074,475600510,842,0,779178,25569961,0,1719974,0,0,633248,6781672,0,412434,994984,3789696,1154076,1789468,43624691,11,"TONS",2500212,8357,9.58,9.58,0.57,0,9500,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BARRELS",9924,138281,20.11,20.11,3.46,0,9493 "Omaha Public Power District",14127,1999,"NORTH OMAHA","STEAM","01/01/54","01/01/68",644700,664700,7628,0,3047689000,903939,34352799,194479388,229736126,356,0,473699,25644165,0,1556034,0,0,1205626,5794175,56855,619731,1383677,5536481,4204373,2068776,48543592,16,"TONS",1996018,8393,11.99,11.99,0.71,0,11245,"MCF",706934,988,3.06,3.06,5.95,0,11266,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Orrville City of",14194,1999,,"Steam","01/01/16","01/01/71",84,57,8760,65,330508,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"ton",195800,11500,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",6100,1000,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Owatonna City of",14246,1999,,"Steam","01/01/24","01/01/69",26000,0,0,0,0,139199,957861,5646398,6743458,259,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Owatonna City of",14246,1999,,"Gas Turbine","/ /","/ /",19000,0,0,0,0,0,0,1935528,1935528,102,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Owensboro City of",14268,1999,"Plant 1","Steam","01/01/39","01/01/50",52500,0,0,0,0,0,2061142,4570567,6631709,126,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,9106,0,0,0,0,760,9866,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Owensboro City of",14268,1999,"Elmer Smith","Steam","01/01/64","01/01/74",415000,183200,8569,99,2600771,835345,8832392,209611123,219278860,528,801542,250280,29285825,0,1422865,0,0,496091,498805,0,465966,39935,4297784,658819,98181,37514551,14424,"Tons",1247843,10825,20.49,20.56,0.95,0.01,10197,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Painesville City of",14381,1999,"ELECTRIC PLANT","STEAM",,"01/01/88",53500,46000,8760,66,154647000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"TONS",92400,12517,0,33.22,1.33,0,0,"MCF",21300,1000,0,4.41,4.41,0,0,"BARRELS",47,138000,0,14.36,2.48,0,0 "Paragould Light & Water Comm",14446,1999,"Jones Road","Gas turbine","01/01/90",,16,14,415,1,400000,0,8093740,0,8093740,505859,0,0,166593,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,45047,0,211640,529,"mmbtu",91074,0,0,1.83,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Pasadena City of",14534,1999,"Broadway Steam Plantф",,"01/01/54","01/01/65",183000,183000,0,25,179950000,489703,3194316,50159075,53843094,294,0,387760,8839709,0,555006,0,0,988783,11216,228337,138986,37842,440585,136394,7625,11772243,65,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",2295070,1019,3.43,3.43,3.36,0.04,13290,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Pasadena City of",14534,1999,"Glenarm Gas Turbine","Included in","01/01/06","01/01/76",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",59150,1,3.43,3.43,3.36,0.04,16342,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Peabody City of",14605,1999,,"Gas Turbine","01/01/71","01/01/91",65900,65900,8760,5,11639468,177260,0,22101467,22278727,338,0,22746,409579,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,176643,0,608968,52,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",143226,1,3.05,2.96,2.89,0.03,13227,"BBLS",1239,134127,22.14,22.89,4.06,0.05,12185 "Peru City of",14839,1999,"Peru","Steam","01/01/03","01/01/59",34500,35563,1585,13,12600568,5739,1706469,9574492,11286700,327,325600,0,442012,0,172164,0,0,119874,37861,0,0,14278,126165,22675,0,935029,74,"Tons",7915,12797,47.4,47.33,1.85,0.03,16076,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",221,140000,26.47,24.56,4.18,0,103.08 "Piqua City of",15095,1999,"City of Piqua","Steam & Gas","01/01/32","01/01/89",81113,0,159,39,2138000,21863555,0,0,21863555,270,4196219,76685,242280,0,19742,0,0,231157,56432,0,61697,67457,9593,91301,0,856344,401,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",10878,144000,25.3,25.3,4.3,0.09,23092 "Platte River Power Authority",15143,1999,"Craig Station","Steam","01/01/79","01/01/80",154000,0,0,0,1205402000,60113,33649805,110581113,144291031,937,947978,194976,12128811,0,1172233,0,0,260695,1245083,7283,237766,121071,814536,181154,912508,17276116,14,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Platte River Power Authority",15143,1999,"Rawhide","Steam","01/01/84","01/01/84",270000,270000,8668,86,2119444000,1977213,176729012,277169671,455875896,1688,1471951,1258343,14119301,0,2361900,0,0,4034357,686346,1872,639188,491650,2599323,371255,1094312,27657847,13,"Ton",1294255,8825,10.4,10.4,0.6,0.01,10.78,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Gallons",54089,138,0.78,0.78,5.63,0,3.5 "Power Authority of State of NY",15296,1999,"C.M. POLETTI","Steam","01/01/77","01/01/77",883000000,831000000,6386000,122000,1826391000,730000,72140000,359400000,432270000,0,10329000,561000,60034000,0,0,0,0,668000,7300000,0,826000,377000,2299000,2700000,411000,75176000,41,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCFS",10932333,1031,2.95,3.39,3.29,31.61,10284,"BBLS",1348181,148399,15.78,17.33,2.78,0,0 "Power Authority of State of NY",15296,1999,"R.M. FLYNN","GT/Steam-Co","01/01/94","01/01/94",164000000,159000000,7280000,27000,9.96144e+11,0,7238000,129266000,136504000,1,1136000,88000,43602000,0,0,0,0,93000,1585000,0,0,137000,469000,3225000,39000,49238000,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCFS",7095707,1012,4.39,5.62,5.55,42.59,7774,"BBLS",120516,141470,19.98,32.3,4.68,0,0 "Power Authority of State of NY",15296,1999,,,"/ /","/ /",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Power Authority of State of NY",15296,1999,"JAF","Nuclear","01/01/75","01/01/75",883000000,848000000,8204000,757000,6.567395e+12,805000,166067000,568085000,734957000,1,13913000,23876000,38317000,0,487000,0,0,54000,32618000,0,5766000,184000,4261000,5843000,3143000,114549000,0,"GMU 235",0,82,0,0,0,5.17,0,"Equivalent",842735,0,0,40.32,0.49,0,10508,,0,235,0,0,0,0,0 "Power Authority of State of NY",15296,1999,"IP3","Nuclear","01/01/76","01/01/76",1013000000,1031000000,7662000,828000,7.26917e+12,747000,206897000,755257000,962901000,1,17924000,29680000,39545000,0,11264000,0,0,0,36622000,0,1577000,2648000,15765000,11868000,29759000,178728000,0,"GMU235",0,82,0,0,0,4.76,0,"Equivalent",937453,0,0,36.9,0.45,0,10560,,0,235,0,0,0,0,0 "Rantoul Village of",15686,1999,"Rantoul Light & Powep ","Internal Co","01/01/00","01/01/67",18132,38,100,3,16000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,11984,0,0,0,0,211546,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,223530,13971,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Gallons",19070,10500,0.62,0.62,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Reedy Creek Improvement Dist",15776,1999,"CEP TURBINE","GAS TURBINE","01/01/88","01/01/88",35000,28000,6321,12,173569000,0,1455178,24161379,25616557,732,0,640027,4274368,0,0,0,0,392603,0,0,0,341,0,1449579,0,6756918,39,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCP",1545973,1040,2.76,2.76,2.76,0.02,8007,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Reedy Creek Improvement Dist",15776,1999,"CEP HRSG","HRSG","01/01/88","01/01/88",8500,7000,2327,2,30042000,0,0,2731920,2731920,321,0,93944,742496,0,115993,0,0,17882,0,0,0,59,0,247253,0,1217627,41,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",268549,1049,2.76,2.76,2.76,0.02,8939,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Redding City of",15783,1999,"Redding Power Plant","Steam","01/01/89","01/01/94",28000,28900,1977,16,18060300,602377,15385522,117247,16105146,575,0,1320,443065,0,117993,0,0,77221,568426,0,70690,2368,53194,57222,0,1391499,77,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",287348,1027,1.54,1.54,1.45,0.03,16610,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Redding City of",15783,1999,"Redding Power Plant","Combustion","01/01/96","01/01/96",65680,27400,854,16,18037300,1807131,0,59683477,61490608,936,0,97874,621818,0,0,0,0,25071,0,0,24410,0,0,321071,0,1090244,60,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"mcf",216279,1027,2.53,2.53,2.18,0.02,15570,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Richmond City of",15989,1999,"WWVS","Steam","01/01/55","01/01/72",97700,173080,0,40,627786010,80644,2830371,31698586,34609601,354,0,465409,11078167,0,452274,0,0,404016,348230,0,104865,43599,701670,259774,21756,13879760,22,"Tons",308831,11699,29.73,30.79,1.45,0.01,11517,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",708,138000,0.46,0.46,0,0,0 "Rochelle Municipal Utilities",16179,1999,"Caron Rd Steam Plant(","Steam","01/01/63","01/01/63",11000,0,13,0,62,0,0,11112324,11112324,1010,0,0,15556,0,134143,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,193715,0,343414,5538935,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Rochelle Municipal Utilities",16179,1999,"2nd Ave Diesel Plant(","Internal Co","01/01/00","01/01/89",24000,7500,900,8,990,0,0,6076110,6076110,253,0,0,130511,0,520866,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,301469,0,952846,962471,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Rochester Public Utilities",16181,1999,"SILVER LAKE","STEAM","01/01/49","01/01/69",98400,99962,6002,48,206169300,467713,5967620,20459364,26894697,273,0,105471,4663327,0,733957,0,0,427195,653639,0,121158,91168,610473,166756,202286,7775430,38,"Tons",105624,11800,35.06,34.95,1.48,0,0,"Mcf",116790,1022,2.87,2.87,2.81,0.02,12548,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Rochester Public Utilities",16181,1999,"CASCADE CREEK","GAS TURBINE","01/01/75","01/01/75",35000,31412,214,0,975100,0,0,2553775,2553775,73,0,5098,155418,0,0,0,0,0,2538,0,712,425,0,13749,25610,203550,209,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Bbl",6593,140546,25.25,22.87,3.87,0.16,31067 "Ruston City of",16463,1999,,,,,0,0,0,0,158085,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,1024,2014,0,0,0,12204,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Sacramento Municipal Util Dist",16534,1999,"McClellanј","Ga","01/01/86","01/01/86",49999,0,0,3,7166000,0,2636791,21642932,24279723,486,280011,128813,308700,0,0,0,0,93215,0,0,46694,4591,0,454373,0,1036386,145,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MC",90473,0,3.39,3.39,3.28,0.04,0,"Diesel/gal",1254,0,1.43,1.43,0,0,0 "San Antonio Public Service Bd",16604,1999,"Total All Plants",,,,4515000,0,0,345,1.74570025e+10,12977200,1115386160,2245397416,3373760776,747,46882000,12160268,206856386,1142440,9404554,374590,0,6237186,12301280,6685,9401271,2767009,20299658,10510426,3154574,294616327,17,"Tons",5220135,8563,16.23,16.23,0.95,9.82,10370,"MCF",37334239,1010,2.64,2.64,2.62,28.78,10988,"Barrels",12309,139887,18.78,18.78,3.2,32.97,10315 "San Antonio Public Service Bd",16604,1999,"J K Spruce","Steam","1/1/1992","1/1/1992",555000,546000,6546,82,3480720800,0,65252301,515684631,580936932,1047,23719,571470,31109011,0,1807766,51663,0,193515,960889,0,759790,205041,2649188,748621,211926,39268880,11,"Tons",1949398,8860,15.91,15.91,1.01,8.91,9857,"MCF",38851,1008,2.27,2.27,2.25,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "San Antonio Public Service Bd",16604,1999,"Mission Road","Steam","1/1/1909","1/1/1958",100000,96000,436,4,5787800,24329,2488463,10241714,12754506,128,128349,114144,487728,0,158813,0,0,102150,168983,0,21233,17234,339856,83899,40097,1534137,265,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",134106,1013,3.64,3.64,3.59,84.27,14024,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "San Antonio Public Service Bd",16604,1999,"Leon Creek","Steam","1/1/1949","1/1/1959",160000,171000,676,4,16974100,44831,2782361,17503846,20331038,127,157506,125267,942872,0,184569,0,0,128819,161398,0,28472,58566,543819,190400,43539,2407721,142,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",258204,1002,3.65,3.65,3.64,55.55,12533,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "San Antonio Public Service Bd",16604,1999,"O W Sommers","Steam","1/1/1972","1/1/1974",880000,846000,7232,55,2199508300,5854171,33295035,79674715,118823921,135,395537,545083,59562142,0,1025490,87705,0,302727,706288,0,702876,370388,615434,259192,190180,64367505,29,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",23626870,1009,2.54,2.54,2.51,27.24,10444,"Barrels",5652,140932,19.35,19.35,3.27,0,0 "San Antonio Public Service Bd",16604,1999,"J T Deely","Steam","1/1/1977","1/1/1978",830000,854000,8760,90,5149460300,0,30290474,285476722,315767196,380,12595000,638478,53085711,0,1562761,85357,0,320680,966629,0,838807,331106,3399637,799226,238550,62266942,12,"Tons",3270737,8389,16.42,16.42,0.98,10.43,10513,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",5811,141351,18.29,18.29,3.08,0,0 "San Antonio Public Service Bd",16604,1999,"South Texas Project","Nuclear","1/1/1988","1/1/1989",700000,708000,0,0,5399983000,5170385,957819101,1216165845,2179155331,3113,29619638,9121123,23744212,1142440,2798248,0,0,4436896,8134977,6685,6295439,1408553,10346770,6695513,2005195,76136051,14,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MMBTU",56623147,0,0.42,0.42,0.42,4.4,10485,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "San Antonio Public Service Bd",16604,1999,"W B Tuttle","Steam","1/1/1954","1/1/1963",425000,351000,2570,25,83806100,116166,6081714,40803880,47001760,111,3029638,407804,3903164,0,659061,0,0,371008,270977,0,137334,47220,945777,460460,131033,7333838,88,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",1126499,1007,3.47,3.47,3.44,46.57,11568,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "San Antonio Public Service Bd",16604,1999,"V H Brauning","Steam","1/1/1966","1/1/1970",865000,0,5631,85,1120762100,1767318,17376711,79846063,98990092,114,932613,636899,33301546,0,1207846,149865,0,381391,931139,0,617320,328901,1459177,1273115,294054,40581253,36,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",12149759,1011,2.74,2.74,2.71,29.7,10522,"Barrels",846,122847,18.29,18.29,3.55,0,0 "Seattle City of",16868,1999,"Centralia (8% share)","Steam","01/01/72","01/01/72",107200,32000,0,1,689802000,167213,4462081,22916331,27545625,257,0,186229,12042641,0,56382,0,0,0,1030435,2329,557,0,306392,38323,72862,13736150,20,"Tons",453199,7850,27.6,26.57,1.76,0.02,10315,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Shrewsbury Town of",17127,1999,"PEAKING","INTERNAL CO","01/01/69","01/01/78",13750,0,78,0,1082000,4737,38713,3032851,3076301,224,0,0,58499,0,0,0,0,45786,0,0,42833,0,0,0,0,147118,136,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"OIL",1983,138000,28.45,27.35,4.71,0.05,10622 "Sikeston City of",17177,1999,"SIKESTON POWER PLANT<","STEAM","01/01/81","01/01/81",235000,233000,8443,100,1773464000,2528654,38360820,167291312,208180786,886,3085679,204618,18720527,0,834479,0,0,232178,1031476,0,212026,97405,1771411,163729,1555715,24823564,14,"TONS",1085410,8260,16.81,16.81,1.02,0.01,10111,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BARRELS",2150,141000,22.77,24.41,4.12,0,16.31 "PUD No 1 of Snohomish County",17470,1999,"Centralia Steam Plt","Steam",,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "South Carolina Pub Serv Auth",17543,1999,"WINYAH(1-4)","STEAM","01/01/75","01/01/81",1120000,1204000,31151,198,7364804000,2141000,80365000,380646000,463152000,414,12899000,1811000,102679000,0,2905000,0,0,1172000,4230000,0,835000,1709000,6368000,2320000,450000,124479000,17,"Tons",2805462,12906,35.38,36.6,1.42,1.39,9833,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "South Carolina Pub Serv Auth",17543,1999,"CROSS(1-2)","STEAM","01/01/84","01/01/94",1147115,1190000,14859,156,7031840000,149000,105829000,824295000,930273000,811,8568000,612000,95992000,0,3621000,0,0,562000,3226000,0,331000,462000,7502000,2902000,585000,115795000,16,"Tons",2609876,12811,36.41,36.78,1.44,1.37,9510,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Springfield City of",17828,1999,"INTERSTATE","NAT GAS/OIL","01/01/97","01/01/97",118000,114000,864,0,89431266,0,0,11583325,11583325,98,2178709,40002,2621094,0,91,0,0,0,0,0,38739,0,0,77237,0,2777163,31,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"DKTHRMS",1205210,100000,2.08,2.08,2.08,28.74,13806,"BARRELS",5093,138000,17.96,22.11,3.81,52.67,13806 "Springfield City of",17828,1999,"FACTORY","OIL TURBINE","01/01/73","01/01/73",23000,17000,155,0,3128000,0,29188,2322399,2351587,102,0,0,166375,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,11905,0,178280,57,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BARRELS",7959,138000,18.43,20.9,3.61,53.19,14747 "Springfield City of",17828,1999,"REYNOLDS","OIL TURBINE","01/01/70","01/01/70",18000,14000,98,0,1502000,0,155353,2975996,3131349,174,0,0,89354,0,539,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,13975,0,103868,69,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BARRELS",4241,138000,19.02,21.07,3.64,59.49,16366 "Springfield City of",17828,1999,"LAKESIDE","STEAM","01/01/60","01/01/64",76000,66000,4842,0,191454930,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"TONS",119179,10437,24.15,22.89,1.1,13.33,12994,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BARRELS",784,138000,20.26,20.76,3.58,0,0 "Springfield City of",17828,1999,"DALLMAN","STEAM","01/01/68","01/01/78",441000,324000,8756,209,1931782345,2315629,22827681,167456590,192599900,437,2590219,1382828,24106633,0,7228992,0,0,0,0,224260,1367568,1520197,3381012,3887022,2944868,46043380,24,"TONS",947286,10415,24.07,22.37,1.07,11.37,11338,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"BARRELS",8185,138000,18.13,20.92,3.61,0,0 "Springfield City of",17833,1999,"James River Gas Turb¬ ","Gas Turbine","01/01/89","01/01/92",150000,162000,1707,2,112871000,0,0,38867000,38867000,259,0,0,3686000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,5000,0,185000,0,3876000,34,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",1413185,1005,2.58,2.58,2.56,32.66,12708,"Barrels",1933,138200,17.18,20.23,3.49,0,0 "Springfield City of",17833,1999,"Southwest Gas Turbin","Gas Turbine","01/01/83","01/01/83",88000,114000,740,2,33605000,0,77000,13480000,13557000,154,0,0,1234000,0,0,0,0,4000,0,0,0,0,0,160000,0,1398000,42,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",467515,1005,2.6,2.6,2.59,36.7,14123,"Barrels",814,138200,17.21,19.54,3.37,0,0 "Springfield City of",17833,1999,"Main Avenue","Gas Turbine","01/01/68","01/01/68",12000,13000,55,1,680000,0,0,1538000,1538000,128,0,0,46000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,4000,0,50000,74,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",1981,138200,24.82,23.44,4.03,68.28,16910 "Springfield City of",17833,1999,"James River","Steam","01/01/57","01/01/70",255000,237000,33862,81,1450754000,1659000,14631000,79255000,95545000,375,2850000,583000,20746000,0,2519000,0,0,408000,262000,0,130000,65000,3963000,646000,610000,29722000,20,"Tons",853266,9210,7.79,21.61,1.17,13.89,11312,"Mcf",689975,1005,2.49,2.49,2.47,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Springfield City of",17833,1999,"Southwest","Steam","01/01/76","01/01/76",195000,183000,7556,65,1185498000,1856000,15406000,80315000,97577000,500,2690000,558000,14080000,0,1555000,0,0,366000,205000,0,581000,137000,2335000,656000,1027000,21332000,18,"Tons",693360,8794,4.54,18.33,1.08,11.66,10684,"Mcf",467597,1007,2.39,2.39,2.36,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "St George City of",17874,1999,"SUGARLOAF","2-Internal","01/01/86","01/01/86",14000,14000,1,6,626000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "St George City of",17874,1999,"Bloomington","7-Internal","01/01/98","01/01/98",12250,10500,1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Tacoma City of",18429,1999,"Centralia Steam Plntд","Steam","01/01/72","01/01/72",0,0,0,0,0,166897,4289405,25226129,29682431,0,73131,68311,11716542,0,112000,0,0,80230,140403,0,120346,80230,1008476,240691,26146,13593375,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Tallahassee City of",18445,1999,"SAM O. PURDOM","STEAM","01/01/58","01/01/66",44000,48000,11136,38,209772978,15500,9202970,33194960,42413430,964,0,773581,8940370,0,537020,0,0,279940,1813670,2800,263170,105370,237360,129170,194990,13277441,63,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",2462334,1148,3.22,3.22,3.07,0.04,13261,"bbl",31211,6300,20.25,20.25,3.21,0.08,20734 "Tallahassee City of",18445,1999,"SAM O. PURDOM","GAS TURBINE","01/01/63","01/01/64",25000,20000,415,0,6838100,0,516700,3207630,3724330,149,0,37110,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,27080,0,0,0,0,64190,9,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",135368,1047,3.22,3.22,3.08,0.06,20734,"bbl",0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Tallahassee City of",18445,1999,"A.D. HOPKINS","STEAM","01/01/71","01/01/72",334350,314000,8760,54,1431868500,243700,15462840,61918010,77624550,232,0,365600,47652750,0,808720,0,0,334300,1440890,0,286010,23770,76650,588440,570760,52259040,36,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",14643073,1052,3.16,3.16,3,0.03,10001,"bbl",31324,6300,20.39,20.39,3.24,0.03,10228 "Tallahassee City of",18445,1999,"A.D. HOPKINS","GAS Turbine","01/01/00","01/01/72",43320,36000,870,0,21124800,0,0,4237440,4237440,98,0,109010,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,117890,0,0,0,0,226900,11,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",398330,1148,3.2,3.2,3.06,0.06,19763,"bbl",0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Taunton City of",18488,1999,"Cleary-Flood","Steam-Gas T","01/01/71","01/01/76",110000,110000,3132,54,156001000,576884,4698715,37144991,42420590,386,791678,791678,5245790,0,1114114,0,0,533566,1685023,0,0,0,0,0,0,9370171,60,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",972473,1018,4.2,4.2,4.12,0.13,30320,"Barrels",75356,117188,16.96,15.46,3.14,0.01,3007 "Taunton City of",18488,1999,"W. Water Street","Steam","01/01/02","01/01/58",13500,0,0,0,0,24173,3733601,5419707,9177481,680,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1188,0,0,0,0,1188,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Taunton City of",18488,1999,"Cleary-Flood","Steam","01/01/66","01/01/66",28300,25000,354,54,9067000,148310,2028703,7526961,9703974,343,0,249139,355473,0,342596,0,0,168675,368569,0,0,0,0,0,0,1484452,164,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",20281,95484,15,17.52,4.37,0.04,8970 "Texas Municipal Power Agency",18715,1999,"Gibbons Creek SES","Steam","01/01/83","01/01/83",493900,462000,6908,122,2602361000,25930000,158171000,425745000,609846000,1235,3957000,2960000,34144000,0,482000,0,0,300000,111000,0,1160000,322000,2989000,844000,734000,44046000,17,"Tons",1643836,8470,20.78,20.66,1.23,0.01,10711,"MCF",146379,1015,2.35,2.35,2.35,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Traverse City City of",19125,1999,"Bayside Station","Steam","01/01/12","01/01/68",29000,14000,290,15,3250000,83612,1866905,7544366,9494883,327,0,626829,148366,0,0,0,0,23461,10829,42858,365474,17778,92524,76059,12931,1417109,436,"Tons",2113,12500,43.5,43.5,1.74,0.02,16253.85,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Turlock Irrigation District",19281,1999,"Walnut Power Plant","Gas Turbine","01/01/86","01/01/86",49900,45486,222,2,4176400,0,14724791,181069,14905860,299,0,9273,193510,0,0,0,0,45773,0,0,0,0,0,252574,0,501130,120,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",70330,1,2.75,2.75,2.7,46.33,17145,"Bbl",0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Turlock Irrigation District",19281,1999,"Almond Power Plant","Gas Turbine","01/01/95","01/01/95",49900,49900,3162,12,126500000,149270,24481629,30353821,54984720,1102,0,95458,3736849,0,79785,0,0,1827172,0,0,0,523257,0,640938,0,6903459,55,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",1175749,1,3.18,2.48,2.38,29.54,9446,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Vermont Public Pwr Supply Auth",19780,1999,"J.C. McNeil Station","Steam","01/01/84","01/01/84",50000,53000,5366,35,41562673,79627,4515588,12712285,17307500,346,119308,43331,1497213,0,229588,0,0,81441,92419,0,37321,14987,144967,145773,7437,2294477,55,"tons(wood)",283916,4750,23.48,24.64,2.59,0.03,13455,"mcf",252167,1012000,3.28,3.28,3.25,0.04,12556,"bbl",2124,136321,15.88,21.41,3.74,0,0 "Vernon City of",19798,1999,"Vernon power Plant","Internal Co","01/01/33","01/01/33",30000,19000,0,1,241160,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,18568,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,18568,77,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"42 gal",624,130952,0,29.75,5.41,0.07,14231 "Vernon City of",19798,1999,"Vernon Power Plant","Gas Turbine","01/01/87","01/01/87",14000,11250,1171150,1,117150,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,62378,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,62378,532,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",1031,0,22683.2,2.75,2.66,0.05,19986,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Vero Beach City of",19804,1999,"City of Vero Beach","Steam","01/01/59","01/01/92",158000,151000,8804,41,224236,3059208,26587907,49708983,79356098,502,5414436,1818902,11418,0,0,0,0,647002,0,0,808280,685525,0,1428535,0,5399662,24080,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,2318953,1051,3.87,3.87,3.69,0.04,11858,,45055,144840,18.97,18.97,3.12,0.04,14119 "Vineland City of",19856,1999,"Harry M. Downs","Steam","01/01/00","01/01/70",66250,57100,5104,41,50663680,102765,6943679,34504958,41551402,627,0,194475,1693950,0,506222,0,0,630731,1378637,0,137240,12568,459914,91094,2412,5107243,101,"Tons",16966,12734,49.33,49.07,1.9,0.03,13621,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Gallons",2206466,152654,0.35,0.35,2.49,0.03,12734 "Energy Northwest",20160,1999,"Nuclear Plant # 2","Nuclear","01/01/72","01/01/84",1200000,1163000,6519,1018,6975110000,0,1096311831,2199928002,3296239833,2747,38664908,18739254,30590701,2894774,12309953,0,0,75427,21147467,0,3819721,545674,1021005,2269200,18016550,111429726,16,"Grms U-235",726798,4.55e+10,32.01,42.09,41.9,4.39,10460.08,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Western Minnesota Mun Pwr Agny",20421,1999,"Watrtown Power Plant? ","Gas Turbin","01/01/78","01/01/78",60000,42,0,2,2254000,0,0,16335022,16335022,272,39000,17392,54938,0,0,0,0,0,3375,0,0,42360,0,102001,663,220729,98,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",7508,0,28.37,24.9,0,0.83,0 "Willmar Municipal Utils Comm",20737,1999,"WILLMAR","STEAM","01/01/00","01/01/70",29350,17500,6239,17,26618660,110447,878898,6858792,7848137,267,13984,40591,1085227,0,259713,0,0,318116,132083,5000,40431,2416,288530,102454,0,2020002,76,"TONS",32320,8600,26.74,33.58,1.95,0.04,17555,"MCF",28158,1022,2.4,2.4,2.4,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Winfield City of",20813,1999,"EAST","STEAM","01/01/69","01/01/69",26500,0,0,12,24657,134138,2513749,6029328,8677215,327,1429863,315408,850195,0,0,0,0,0,152329,0,0,0,0,0,0,1317932,53451,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",356043,1,2.39,2.39,2.39,0.03,0.01,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Winfield City of",20813,1999,"WEST","GAS TURBINE","01/01/61","01/01/61",11500,0,0,1,2972500,0,157556,2719909,2877465,250,97445,56898,232145,0,0,0,0,0,31724,0,0,0,0,0,0,320767,108,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",58535,1,2.39,2.39,2.39,0.03,0.01,".",0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Wyandotte Municipal Serv Comm",21048,1999,"Wyandotte","Steam # 6","01/01/67",,7500,0,0,40,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Wyandotte Municipal Serv Comm",21048,1999,"Wyandotte","Steam # 7","01/01/86",,32500,34500,0,40,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Wyandotte Municipal Serv Comm",21048,1999,"Wyandotte","Total Plant","01/01/15","1/1/1986",74000,70000,17360,40,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Wyandotte Municipal Serv Comm",21048,1999,"Wyandotte","Steam # 4","01/01/49",,11500,11000,1320,40,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Wyandotte Municipal Serv Comm",21048,1999,"Wyandotte","Steam # 5","01/01/59",,22500,24500,8120,40,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Zeeland City of",21158,1999,"Zeeland Plant","Internal Co","01/01/36","01/01/80",22182,20100,6642,9,10671685,233107,958741,7490195,8682043,391,39130,160274,324998,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,130885,11183,123764,0,0,751104,70,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Mcf",110179,1025,2.66,2.66,2.6,25.21,9704.09,"gals",63744,130,0.49,0.49,3.81,3.81,712.06 "Utah Associated Mun Power Sys",40575,1999,"Hunter - Unit II","Steam","01/01/80","01/01/80",62703,65000,8614,0,477394000,24130,12455094,36987524,49466748,789,196762,79885,5146144,0,247463,0,0,117117,474771,220,72026,45503,228073,39173,16505,6466880,14,"Tons",219787,11688,22.14,22.14,0.95,0.01,10767,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Gallons",15134,139950,0,0,0,0,0 "Utah Associated Mun Power Sys",40575,1999,"San Juan - Unit IV","Steam","/ /","/ /",35000,36000,8087,0,277529800,0,6606911,34780439,41387350,1182,330940,146935,4915693,0,99850,0,0,107665,90002,0,45259,27595,322125,62872,54783,5872779,21,"Tons",156254,9223,31,31,1.68,0.02,10404,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Gallons",37096,134772,0,0,0,0,0 "Intermountain Power Agency",40576,1999,,"Steam Inter","01/01/86","01/01/87",1640000,1600000,8760,472,13211071,95806000,859083000,1682967000,2637856000,1608,0,3439000,172897000,0,8441000,0,0,2062000,781000,0,3925000,2091000,9516000,3866000,3110000,210128000,15905,"Tons",5268671,11851,31.12,25.64,1.06,0.01,9457,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Barrels",12309,137273,22.25,26.22,4.55,0,0 "American Mun Power-Ohio Inc",40577,1999,"Richard H. Gorsuch","STEAM","01/01/51","01/01/53",212000,194000,8760,106,1376874,822631,5383169,64333905,70539705,333,62261347,1032894,14712122,0,2153372,0,0,180146,1071556522,0,606713,341707,6319652,1253782,0,24415086,17732,"TON",869869,11581,23.16,23.16,0.88,0.01,13479,"MCF",72788,1040,3.65,3.65,3.5,0.04,13479,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Northern Municipal Power Agny",40581,1999,"COYOTE","STEAM","01/01/81","01/01/81",414588000,0,8150,81,2913837000,0,0,420000000,420000000,1,0,863403,26074593,0,3373195,0,0,1267272,1238167,0,405837,334491,2651805,324789,643962,37177514,13,"TON",2425659,6947,10.64,10.64,0.77,0.89,11.57,"GAL.",236904,136552,0.56,0.56,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Southern Minnesota Mun P Agny",40580,1999,"SHERCO #3","STEAM PLANT","01/01/87",,331954,357000,7219,0,2035404000,0,0,331434191,331434191,998,3571246,1376329,18703611,0,1905690,0,0,392953,4634715,9336,422268,415136,2261396,2483729,678192,33283355,16,"TONS",1161899,8701,16.34,15.53,0.89,0.01,9934,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Michigan Public Power Agency",40582,1999,"Belle River","Steam","01/01/84","01/01/85",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Michigan Public Power Agency",40582,1999,"Campbell #3","Steam","01/01/80","01/01/80",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Grand Island City of",40606,1999,"BURDICK","GAS TURBINE","01/01/68","01/01/68",14800,16,76,15,984760,0,0,1554976,1554976,105,0,2286,35784,0,5087,0,0,4586,3641,174,142,374,616,5648,0,58338,59,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",20055,1000,2.26,1.78,1.78,0.04,20365,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Grand Island City of",40606,1999,"PGS","STEAM","/ /","/ /",100000,100000,8410,49,554461278,1708020,24075151,64351183,90134354,901,0,133740,4506550,0,718768,0,0,867378,199672,0,24187,229866,682366,387132,0,7749659,14,"TONS",358870,8391,10.89,12.56,0.75,0.01,10862,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Grand Island City of",40606,1999,"BURDICK","STEAM","01/01/57","01/01/72",92500,55000,2977,15,36138330,376970,3684704,31154613,35216287,381,0,102306,1368110,0,305181,0,0,256501,220102,7223,23106,51661,178024,228731,0,2740945,76,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",504548,1000,2.29,2.71,2.71,0.04,13962,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Northern California Power Agny",40613,1999,"CT 1 (5 Units)","Combustion","01/01/86","01/01/86",124000,0,877,5,22025,981098,1465987,45464256,47911341,386,0,0,917842,0,0,0,0,208067,9810,0,95167,0,0,420321,0,1651207,74970,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",328153,0,2.7,2.7,2.44,0.04,15363,"gal",43800,0,0.43,0.43,0.43,0.04,15400 "Northern California Power Agny",40613,1999,"CT 2 (STIG)","Combustion","01/01/96","01/01/96",49900,0,1502,9,102136,0,0,62901868,62901868,1261,307564,0,2704183,0,0,0,0,120252,34596,0,411336,0,0,1176957,0,4447324,43543,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"MCF",914572,0,2.83,2.83,2.33,0.03,9135,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Northern California Power Agny",40613,1999,"Geothermal One","Steam","01/01/83","01/01/83",110000,110540,8301,30,625621000,47873178,43427882,0,91301060,830,133458,764505,20092994,0,0,0,0,1317733,114299,0,286198,163870,39903,901827,786469,24467798,39,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Steam",11071643,1210000,0.93,0.93,0.77,0.02,18504,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0 "Northern California Power Agny",40613,1999,"Geothermal Two","Steam","01/01/86","01/01/86",110000,110540,8207,30,627369000,58362769,52110952,0,110473721,1004,170987,681966,20079701,0,0,0,0,1433824,67816,0,36,101301,24056,451698,784863,23625261,38,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,"Steam",10898373,1200000,0.93,0.93,0.78,0.02,19066,,0,0,0,0,0,0