Sample records for nicaragua oaxaca pakistan

  1. Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weiss, Anita M.; Mughal, Muhammad Aurang Zeb

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2000). Fifty years of Pakistan ’s economy: Traditionalconcerns. Karachi, Pakistan: Oxford University Press.Languages of Pakistan. (2012). Ethnologue: Languages of the

  2. Team Bug Bag Biogas For Nicaragua

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demirel, Melik C.

    Team Bug Bag Biogas For Nicaragua Project Recap The task for Team Bug Bag was to create an anaerobic digester for the area of Tisma, Nicaragua that can be manufactured down in Nicaragua, be produced for under $100 (USD), and be able to produce biogas that could boil water for a thirty minute time period

  3. Acid Violence in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zia, Taiba

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    women’s rights advocate in Pakistan believe that a woman canViolence Legislation in Pakistan,” Huffington Post, Octoberagainst Women in Pakistan. Karachi: Oxford University Press,

  4. Diversity of Alticinae in Oaxaca, Mexico: A preliminary study (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae) 1 Diversity of Alticinae in Oaxaca, Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathis, Wayne N.

    Diversity of Alticinae in Oaxaca, Mexico: A preliminary study (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae) 1 Diversity of Alticinae in Oaxaca, Mexico: A preliminary study (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae)1 David G. Furth1 1)DiversityofAlticinaeinOaxaca,Mexico:Apreliminarystudy(Coleoptera,Chrysomelidae). In: Jolivet P, Santiago

  5. Cutaneous leishmaniasis in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khan, Shiraz Jamal; Muneeb, Syed

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    from various regions of Pakistan. J Coll Physicians SurgR. Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Pakistan. Int J Dermatol. 2001cutaneous leishmaniasis in Pakistan: a 6-year study. Int J

  6. Paper submitted to 12th SolarPACES International Symposium, October 6-8, 2004, Oaxaca, Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paper submitted to 12th SolarPACES International Symposium, October 6-8, 2004, Oaxaca, Mexico Solar-8, 2004, Oaxaca, Mexico have designe

  7. The Dynamics of Moonlighting in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hyder, Asma; Ahmed, Ather Maqsood

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Sciences and Technology, Pakistan January 2011 10945 LeDynamics of Moonlighting in Pakistan Asma Hyder and Ather18 March, 2010 Islamabad, Pakistan Institute of Development

  8. Nicaragua: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcerns Jump to:Neppelsource History ViewNextNicaragua: Energy

  9. Environmental and social responsibility in the coffee industry : a case for Oaxaca, Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rimburg, Natalya

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Café Orgánico Oaxaca México. 10 Dec. 2010. Web. Mexico Corners the Market on Organic>. Ortiz Mena, Antonio. Mexico and the World Trade

  10. Exploration of Potential Reservoir Hosts and Vectors of Leishmania in Nicaragua

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raymond, Russell Wayne

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Overview ............................................................................................................. 1 Clinical manifestations of leishmaniasis ............................................................. 2 Occurrence of clinical... forms of leishmaniasis in Nicaragua............................... 4 Geographic distribution of clinical forms of leishmaniasis in Nicaragua........... 7 Taxonomy of Leishmania parasites...

  11. US-PAKISTAN STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US-PAKISTAN STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIP A Track-Two Dialogue for Long-Term Security Cooperation FIFTH WORKSHOP REPORT #12;#12;US-Pakistan Strategic Partnership A Track-Two Dialogue for Long-Term Security-6201 ASCOinfo@dtra.mil #12;US-Pakistan Strategic Dialogue, Fifth Iteration 5 Table of Contents Table of Contents

  12. Review: "We Are Here to Stay": Pashtun Migrants in the Northern Areas of Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bashir, Elena

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the vegetative resources of Pakistan’s Hindukush-Himalaya.groups in Swat, North Pakistan. American Anthropologistof Pashto-speakers in Pakistan’s Northern Areas: Different

  13. Delay in diagnosis of tuberculosis in Rawalpindi, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    tuberculosis patients in Pakistan. J Pak Med Assoc 2008, 58(of tuberculosis in Rawalpindi, Pakistan. BMC Research Notestuberculosis in Rawalpindi, Pakistan Muhammad AN Saqib 1 ,

  14. Clinical spectrum of cutaneous leishmaniasis: An overview from Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bari, Arfan ul

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    cutaneous leishmaniasis in Pakistan: a 6-year study. Int Jof cutaneous leishmaniasis in Pakistan. J Pak Assoc DermatolS. Cutaneous leishmaniasis in Pakistan. Dermatol Online J .

  15. SDPISustainable Development Policy Institute Pakistan Forest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    #12;SDPISustainable Development Policy Institute Quarterly Pakistan Forest Digest Vol. 01, No. 02 Development Policy Institute Pakistan Forest Digest ii Vol. 1, No. 2, July ­ September 2010 Quarterly Pakistan Board Dr. Urs Geiser Zurich University, Switzerland Dr. Mamoona Wali Muhammad Pakistan Forest Institute

  16. SDPISustainable Development Policy Institute Pakistan Forest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    #12;SDPISustainable Development Policy Institute Quarterly Pakistan Forest Digest Vol. 01, No. 01 Development Policy Institute Pakistan Forest Digest iii Vol. 1, No. 1, April ­ June 2010 Quarterly Pakistan Forest Digest Vol. 01, No. 01 ISBN: 2218-8045 April ­ June 2010 Contents P. No Introductions: Pakistan

  17. The Chimalapas Region, Oaxaca, Mexico: a high-priority region for bird conservation in Mesoamerica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peterson, A. Townsend; Navarro-Sigü enza, Adolfo G.; Herná ndez-Bañ os, Blanca E.; Escalona-Segura, Griselda; Rebó n-Gallardo, Fanny; Rodrí guez-Ayala, Emir; Figueroa-Esquivel, Elsa M.; Cabrera-Garcí a, Leonardo

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Chimalapas lie in the easternmost corner of Oaxaca (Figure 1), at the shared border of Oaxaca, Veracruz and Chiapas. With Chajul (Chiapas) and Calakmul (Campeche) they rank among the largest pristine tropical regions of Mexico, holding an impressive number... of vegetation types, including cloud forest, trop- ical rainforest, semi-deciduous tropical forest, humid pine-oak forest, and deciduous tropical forest (Binford 1989, Wendt 1989, 1993; Figure 2). The region had its geological origins in the Upper Cretaceous...

  18. Fighting Intervention in Nicaragua in the Age of British-American Conflict 1820-1920: Dr. and General Benjamin F. Zeledón Supreme Chief of Government of Nicaragua in Rebellion 1909-1912

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeledon, Sergio A.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    coming from the island of Hispaniola of the existence in theroute between Nicaragua, Hispaniola, Cuba, Nueva Granada,

  19. Figure 1. Nicaragua at night. The circled area is the Bluefields region.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    %3 . The electrification rate in rural areas of Nicaragua, where 45% of the population lives, is a meager 25% 2 (Figure 1. Instead, they advocate a focus on rural electrification for this region3 . blueEnergy blueEnergy was founded in 2004 to tackle the issue of rural electrification on the Atlantic coast of Nicaragua and

  20. Pakistan's National Emigration Policy Maqsood Ahmad Jan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Pakistan's National Emigration Policy A Review! Maqsood Ahmad Jan Policy Paper Series # 35 December, Islamabad, Pakistan. Telephone + (92-51) 278134, 278136, 277146, 270674-76 Fax + (92-51) 278135, URL: www

  1. SDPISustainable Development Policy Institute Pakistan Forest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    #12;SDPISustainable Development Policy Institute Quarterly Pakistan Forest Digest Vol. 01, No. 03 Development Policy Institute Pakistan Forest Digest ii Vol. 1, No. 3, October - December 2010 Quarterly Pakistan Forest Digest Vol. 01, No. 03 ISSN: 2218-8045 October - December 2010 Editor-in-Chief Dr. Abid

  2. Cabbage : a new host of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum for Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    NOTE Cabbage : a new host of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum for Pakistan M. Siddique MIRZA Yasmin AHMAD National Agricultural Research Centre PARC, Islamabad, Pakistan. SUMMARY Sclerotinia rot of cabbage, Sclerotinia, identification, pathogenicity, Pakistan. RÉSUMÉ Le chou, un nouvel hôte de Sclerotinia

  3. Natural balance of graminicolous aphids in Pakistan. Survey of populations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Natural balance of graminicolous aphids in Pakistan. Survey of populations Sulaiman HAMID Sind Sugar Industry Research Institute, 14-A, Latifabad III, Hyderabad Sind, Pakistan SUMMARY Aphids attacking gramineous crops were studied in seven climatically and ecologically different regions of Pakistan

  4. Pakistan's Beveridge Curve- an Exploration of Structural Unemployment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waqas, Muhammad; Hyder, Asma

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Raza, B. (1991).Duality of female employment in Pakistan.The Pakistan Development Review, 30(4): 733-743 Sentitio43-57. Government of Pakistan, Federal Bureau of Statistics.

  5. Incorporation of plastics and other recyclables into building materials in Nicaragua

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohlmacher, Christopher J

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For three communities in Nicaragua: Bluefields, Little Corn Island, and Corn Island, incentives are needed to motivate residents to not burn their trash and recyclables. There are various methods that could encourage ...

  6. The Political Ecology of Food Insecurity in Smallholder Coffee Cooperatives in Northern Nicaragua

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Putnam, Heather Renee

    2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    -level cooperatives that are participants in the Youth Leadership and Food Sovereignty Project executed by the cooperative organization the UCA San Ramón, in the department of Matagalpa in northern Nicaragua. Using a combined framework of political ecology...

  7. GENETIC STRUCTURE AND BIODEMOGRAPHY OF THE RAMA AMERINDIANS FROM THE SOUTHERN CARIBBEAN COAST OF NICARAGUA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baldi Salas, Norberto Francisco

    2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation examines the evolutionary impact of recent historical events on the population structure of the Rama Amerindians who inhabit the southern Caribbean coast of Nicaragua, by analyzing the mitochondrial DNA ...

  8. "We Are Even Poorer, But There Is More Work" An Ethnographic Analysis of Ecotourism in Nicaragua

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hunt, Carter A.

    2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This research examines ecotourism outcomes in the context of large-scale tourism development in Nicaragua and focuses on Morgan's Rock Hacienda and Ecolodge. Since ecotourism involves the imposition of Western constructs of nature, biodiversity...

  9. Choreographing [in] Pakistan: Indu Mitha, Dancing Occluded histories in "The Land of the Pure"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aslam, Feriyal Amal

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bloch, N. A. “Land of Pakistan: Perspectives, Historical andCrisis: Re-evaluating Pakistan. New Delhi: Routledge, 2010.University Press, —. Pakistan: A Modern History. Palgrave

  10. The Gendered and Sexual Politics of Excess in Nationalist Narrations of Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minai, Naveen Zehra

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Beyond Crisis: Reevaluating Pakistan edited by Naveeda Khan.Beyond Crisis: Reevaluating Pakistan edited by Naveeda Khan.Crisis: Re-evaluating Pakistan edited by Naveeda Khan.

  11. The Management of International Rivers as Demands Grow and Supplies Tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crow, Ben; Singh, Nirvikar

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh Ben Crow andIndia, tensions over water with Pakistan and Bangladesh mayso that both India and Pakistan could use the water, within

  12. A look at the Spatial Inequality in Pakistan:Case study of District Sargodha

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ali Asjad Naqvi, Syed

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Organization, Government of Pakistan. National EducationBureau of Statistics, Government of Pakistan. PopulationOrganization, Government of Pakistan. Appendix A: Official

  13. Girls' Education in Rural Pakistan: An Assessment of the Nonprofit Organization, Developments in Literacy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simons, Sarah A.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Women that helped her conduct her research in Pakistan.Crisis Group. “Pakistan: Reforming the Education Sector”.sector.pdf. Accessed February Pakistan Social and Living

  14. Review and Status of Solid Waste Management Practices in Multan, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shoaib, Muhammad; Mirza, Umar Karim; Sarwar, Muhammad Avais

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    BDPA, and Halcrow Pakistan (2003). Asian Development Bank TAof Statistics. (2004). Pakistan statistical year book 2004.Islamabad, Pakistan: Statistics Division, Government of

  15. US-Pakistan Strategic Partnership: A Track II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US-Pakistan Strategic Partnership: A Track II Dialogue By Feroz H. Khan and Nick M. Masellis #12;1U.S. Pakistan Strategic Dialogue (track II), Sixth Iteration US-Pakistan Strategic Partnership,974 PASCC Report 2012 002 #12;2U.S. Pakistan Strategic Dialogue (track II), Sixth Iteration The Naval

  16. Undergraduate Applicants from Pakistan These notes are intended for applicants from Pakistan who are considering applying to the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Talbot, James P.

    Undergraduate Applicants from Pakistan These notes are intended for applicants from Pakistan who are on the website) or email: pakistan@cao.cam.ac.uk Information on entry for postgraduate courses may be obtained Scholarship or would like to be considered for interview in Pakistan in November, your completed COPA and UCAS

  17. China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, Ed., David

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mexico Mongolia Morocco Mozambique Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nicaragua Nigeria Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Coal &

  18. A new species of Bolitoglossa (Amphibia, Caudata) from the Sierra de Jurez, Oaxaca, Mexico 55 A new species of Bolitoglossa (Amphibia, Caudata)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wake, David B.

    A new species of Bolitoglossa (Amphibia, Caudata) from the Sierra de Juárez, Oaxaca, Mexico 55 A new species of Bolitoglossa (Amphibia, Caudata) from the Sierra de Juárez, Oaxaca, Mexico Sean M de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Mexico, AP 70-153, Ciudad Universitaria, CP 04510

  19. Indo-Pakistan Trade Cooperation and Saarc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghuman, Ranjit Singh; Madaan, Da Vinder Kumar

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of India’s exports to Pakistan, Soyabean, p-xylene, iron ores, sugar, polypropylene, norfloxin, tyres, bidi leaves, and reactive coloured chemicals were the major items during 1985-2005. Their total share in India’s exports to Pakistan was 11.5 per cent... , etc. Pakistan has excess capacity of 3000 MW electricity which can be easily given to northern Indian states if the required arrangements are done. Prices of mutual trade items between the two countries are also competitive. It is estimated...

  20. Tactical cities : negotiating violence in Karachi, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yusuf, Huma

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines the relationship between violence and urbanity. Using Karachi, Pakistan, as a case study, it asks how violent cities are imagined and experienced by their residents. The thesis draws on a variety of ...

  1. San Cristobal archaeological site, Managua, Nicaragua: site report and preliminary ceramic analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wyss, Sue Bursey

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Honduras a r! M at a gal pa ~ C jt I n a rhl e g a k Leon L. -'. . a nag ua 0 ! Juigalpa 4 ! +e Granad pacific '::, Masaya: Ocean 8 luef i elds '. , ll n cl cI vol?ante feature ~ major city I. ~motepe R!yas Nicaragua fLg e s Costa...

  2. Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weiss, Anita M.; Mughal, Muhammad Aurang Zeb

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    areas, nineteen protected wetlands, and a number of other protected grasslands, shrublands, woodlands, and natural

  3. Enabling Syndromic Surveillance in Pakistan Ross Maciejewski1*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maciejewski, Ross

    Enabling Syndromic Surveillance in Pakistan Ross Maciejewski1* , Shehzad Afzal2 , Adam J. Fairfield/exercise planning capabilities for Lahore, Pakistan. The objective of this work is to address the infectious disease surveillance challenges (specific to developing countries such as Pakistan) and develop a collaborative

  4. Livelihood Assets Atlas Mountainous Districts of NWFP (Pakistan)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Livelihood Assets Atlas Mountainous Districts of NWFP (Pakistan) April 2009 SDPISustainable Mountainous Districts of NWFP (Pakistan) Abid Qaiyum Suleri, Babar Shahbaz, Sahab Haq Rana Nazir Mehmood and Gulbaz Ali Khan Sustainable Development Policy Institute 20 Hill Road, F-6/3, Islamabad - Pakistan www

  5. Were the 2010 Pakistan floods predictable? P. J. Webster,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Webster, Peter J.

    Were the 2010 Pakistan floods predictable? P. J. Webster,1 V. E. Toma,1 and H.M. Kim1 Received 30 July 2010, a series of monsoonal deluges over northern Pakistan resulted in catastrophic flooding, loss, especially in North Pakistan was exceptionally rare as deduced from limited data. The location of the deluges

  6. octobre 2005 : le nord du Pakistan subit un violent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Editoria octobre 2005 : le nord du Pakistan subit un violent séisme suivi de cen- taines de'une vingtaine de ces hélico- ptères indispensables pour sauver les populations civiles. Mais le Pakistan, par Turquie ou au Pakistan1 . > Dans d'autres pays, l'importance donnée aux « canons » est davantage à usage

  7. Sustaining mobile pastoralists in the mountains of northern Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Sustaining mobile pastoralists in the mountains of northern Pakistan Mobile pastoralism According-West Frontier Province), in northern Pakistan. But the provision of these goods and services is at risk payments for ecosystem services. Case studies featured here were conducted in: Pakistan, Tanzania

  8. Natural balance of graminicolous aphids in Pakistan II. — Aphids populations on maize

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Natural balance of graminicolous aphids in Pakistan II. — Aphids populations on maize Sulaiman HAMID Sind Sugar Industry Research Institute, 14/A, Latifabad III, Hyderabad Sind, Pakistan SUMMARY Maize in Pakistan is attacked by Myzus obtusirostris David, Narayanan & Rajasingh, Rhopalosiphum

  9. HIV/AIDS risk behaviors and correlates of injection drug use among drug users in Pakistan.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    transfusion risks in Karachi, Pakistan. Int J Infect Dis.dis- orders in Pakistan. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 1988;4:threat: HIV/AIDS policy in Pakistan. Health Policy Plann.

  10. Genetic structure of Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum in the Bannu district of Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khatoon, Lubna; Baliraine, Frederick N; Bonizzoni, Mariangela; Malik, Salman A; Yan, Guiyun

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    adjoining with NWFP, Pakistan: district Zhob. Pak J Biol Sciof malaria in Pakistan [http:// 202.83.164.26/wps/portal/a malaria-endemic area of Pakistan. Am J Trop Med Hyg 9.

  11. The Sustainable Use and Conservation of Natural Resources: A Case Study of Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahmood, Sohail; Mirza, Umar Karim

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    University, Islamabad 45320, Pakistan. TEL: 92-51- 2230834,>, Ph.D. Scholar, Pakistan Institute of Engineering andNilore, Islamabad 45650, Pakistan. TEL: 92-51-2207381. FAX:

  12. Employment Patterns among Women: A Comparative Study of Rural Malawi and Rural Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hassan, Amira; Hyder, Asma

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Shahnaz, L. (2002). How do women decide to work in Pakistan?The Pakistan Development Review,41(4), Part II:495-513.is 8 and 14 in rural Pakistan and rural Malawi respectively

  13. Nuclear programs in India and Pakistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mian, Zia [Program on Science and Global Security, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey (United States)

    2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    India and Pakistan launched their respective nuclear programs in the 1940s and 1950s with considerable foreign technical support, especially from the United States Atoms for Peace Program. The technology and training that was acquired served as the platform for later nuclear weapon development efforts that included nuclear weapon testing in 1974 and in 1998 by India, and also in 1998 by Pakistan - which had illicitly acquired uranium enrichment technology especially from Europe and received assistance from China. As of 2013, both India and Pakistan were continuing to produce fissile material for weapons, in the case of India also for nuclear naval fuel, and were developing a diverse array of ballistic and cruise missiles. International efforts to restrain the South Asian nuclear build-up have been largely set aside over the past decade as Pakistani support became central for the U.S. war in Afghanistan and as U.S. geopolitical and economic interests in supporting the rise of India, in part as a counter to China, led to India being exempted both from U.S non-proliferation laws and international nuclear trade guidelines. In the absence of determined international action and with Pakistan blocking the start of talks on a fissile material cutoff treaty, nuclear weapon programs in South Asia are likely to keep growing for the foreseeable future.

  14. Pakistan foreign policy formulation, 1947-65: an analysis of institutional interaction between American policy making bodies and the Pakistan Army 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soherwordi, Syed Hussain Shaheed

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines through the use of archives and oral evidence the role of the Pakistan Army in the context of Pakistan’s domestic politics and foreign policy. Its main purpose is to explore the autonomy of the Pakistan Army in shaping national...

  15. Pakistan-Technical Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of Pakistan Sector Climate, Land Focus Area Renewable Energy, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Land Use Topics Adaptation, Finance, Low emission...

  16. The Momotombo Geothermal Field, Nicaragua: Exploration and development case history study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This case history discusses the exploration methods used at the Momotombo Geothermal Field in western Nicaragua, and evaluates their contributions to the development of the geothermal field models. Subsequent reservoir engineering has not been synthesized or evaluated. A geothermal exploration program was started in Nicaragua in 1966 to discover and delineate potential geothermal reservoirs in western Nicaragua. Exploration began at the Momotombo field in 1970 using geological, geochemical, and geophysical methods. A regional study of thermal manifestations was undertaken and the area on the southern flank of Volcan Momotombo was chosen for more detailed investigation. Subsequent exploration by various consultants produced a number of geotechnical reports on the geology, geophysics, and geochemistry of the field as well as describing production well drilling. Geological investigations at Momotombo included photogeology, field mapping, binocular microscope examination of cuttings, and drillhole correlations. Among the geophysical techniques used to investigate the field sub-structure were: Schlumberger and electromagnetic soundings, dipole mapping and audio-magnetotelluric surveys, gravity and magnetic measurements, frequency domain soundings, self-potential surveys, and subsurface temperature determinations. The geochemical program analyzed the thermal fluids of the surface and in the wells. This report presents the description and results of exploration methods used during the investigative stages of the Momotombo Geothermal Field. A conceptual model of the geothermal field was drawn from the information available at each exploration phase. The exploration methods have been evaluated with respect to their contributions to the understanding of the field and their utilization in planning further development. Our principal finding is that data developed at each stage were not sufficiently integrated to guide further work at the field, causing inefficient use of resources.

  17. Islamabad: The Struggle for Pakistan's Identity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siddiqui, Eman

    2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ayub Khan declared the need for a new capital for a young Pakistan in 1958. General Ayub's desire required bringing about greater national unity by rejecting a cultural baggage of the past for a new national identity. This premise disqualified... an organic unity of form, structure, function, and materials. The building also makes use of barrel vaults as lightweight sun protection in the form of a ventilated double roof, though barrel vaults are not a common form of traditional construction...

  18. Asia Research Centre public lecture Pakistan and the challenges of a new decade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asia Research Centre public lecture Pakistan and the challenges of a new decade Douglas Alexander of Economics and Political Science Wednesday 26 October 2011 Check against delivery http://www.labour.org.uk/pakistan that Pakistan will be high up in the in tray of whoever becomes Foreign Secretary in 2015. Pakistan is today

  19. Muhamad Tayyab Analysis of forest related development interventions in highland district of NWFP, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    , Pakistan Analysis of forest related development interventions in highland district of NWFP, Pakistan Summary Forests and rangelands in Pakistan provide important economic resources for the country as well as for the people living in the adjacent areas. Most of the natural forests of Pakistan are located

  20. Simon Thoma Implementation and Impact of the Millennium Development Goals on Development Policies in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    in Pakistan Implementation and Impact of the Millennium Development Goals on Development Policies in Pakistan are asked to make special efforts to move towards the Goals. Pakistan as a developing country faces many in Pakistan. The first research hypothesis states that the Goals do not have a direct impact on development

  1. Pakistan: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall,Missouri:EnergyOssian, New York:Ozark,PacificPainesville, Ohio:Pakistan: Energy

  2. Marketing problems of farmers in Punjab, Pakistan : a case study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Islam, Qamar-ul

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The incentives which encouraged the author to undertake this research work stem from the need for such work. First of all, comparatively little information is available within or outside Pakistan concerning the origins and evolution of planning...

  3. Energy conservation and thermal comfort in buildings in northern Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sullivan, Gregory Patrick

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Hunza Valley, a remote area of mountainous northern Pakistan, is undergoing rapid change culturally, socially, and architecturally. Many of these changes are linked to the exchange of information and commerce facilitated ...

  4. Daughters of Eve : violence against women in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noor, Muhammad Jehanzeb, 1982-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to conduct extensive research on domestic violence against women in Pakistan and to present the results in a comprehensive document. Some of the issues investigated through fieldwork and covered ...

  5. Structural engineering for northern Pakistan : indigenous architecture and earthquake resistance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Su, Jimmy Chi-yi

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the Fall of 1993, a joint project began between architectural designers and engineers, for the design of houses in Karimabad, located in the Northern Areas of Pakistan. This thesis records the author's involvement as ...

  6. 118 Recent & Best-Selling Titles * Not for sale in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landweber, Laura

    118 Recent & Best-Selling Titles * Not for sale in Pakistan ** For sale only in the United States PA: 978-0-691-09561-5 #12;Recent & Best-Selling Titles 119 * Not for sale in Pakistan ** For sale

  7. Pakistan Vt. J., 22(4): 2002 STRESS MANAGEMENT FOLLOWING VACCINATION AGAINST

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Pakistan Vêt. J., 22(4): 2002 STRESS MANAGEMENT FOLLOWING VACCINATION AGAINST COCCIDIOSISPathology, 'Department ofParasitology University ofVeterinary and Animal sciences, Lahore, Pakistan ABSTRACT The présent

  8. A contemporary architectural quest and synthesis : Kamil Khan Mumtaz in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ansari, Zarminae

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis looks at an important Pakistani architect's work and philosophy as a possible direction or approach for contemporary architecture in Pakistan. Although there are more prolific builders in Pakistan, Kamil Khan ...

  9. Together We Will: Evidence from a Field Experiment on Female Voter Turnout in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Together We Will: Evidence from a Field Experiment on Female Voter Turnout in Pakistan Xavier Giné Akbar at the Pakistan Poverty Alleviation Program (PPAF) in Islamabad for their support

  10. Using meteorological data to forecast seasonal runoff on the River Jhelum, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fowler, Hayley

    Using meteorological data to forecast seasonal runoff on the River Jhelum, Pakistan D.R. Archer a of Pakistan. Seasonal forecasts of spring and summer flow provide the opportunity for planning and would of Control between In- dia and Pakistan. The Jhelum then flows through the plains of the Punjab, where

  11. Multiscale analysis of three consecutive years of anomalous flooding in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Houze Jr., Robert A.

    Multiscale analysis of three consecutive years of anomalous flooding in Pakistan By K. L. Rasmussen investigation into three years of anomalous floods in Pakistan provides insight into their formation, unifying for the formation of anomalous easterly midlevel flow across central India into Pakistan that advected deep

  12. Perspectives on types of schools from Ghana and Pakistan: revisiting the relationship between

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steiner, Ullrich

    Perspectives on types of schools from Ghana and Pakistan: revisiting the relationship between in both Ghana and Pakistan. While parents focus more on the economic opportunities that are becoming providers in the field of education in both Ghana and Pakistan. This has created a discernable rise

  13. Business Intelligence Modeling: A Case Study of Disaster Management Organization in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fong, Chi Chiu "Simon"

    Business Intelligence Modeling: A Case Study of Disaster Management Organization in Pakistan Sohail Asghar Department of Computer Science Mohammad Ali Jinnah University, Islamabad, Pakistan e-mail: sohail@umac.mo Touqeer Hussain Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science and Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan e

  14. This article was downloaded by: [INASP -Pakistan (PERI)] On: 20 November 2014, At: 22:26

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    This article was downloaded by: [INASP - Pakistan (PERI)] On: 20 November 2014, At: 22:26 Publisher Genetics, University of the Punjab, Quaid-e- Azam Campus, Lahore, Pakistan b Department of Biology of the Punjab, Quaid-e-Azam Campus, Lahore, Pakistan Published online: 19 Nov 2014. To cite this article

  15. Louvain-la-Neuve, le 27 janvier 2011 Hunza ! : images du Pakistan, par Benoit Sneessens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nesterov, Yurii

    Louvain-la-Neuve, le 27 janvier 2011 « Hunza ! » : images du Pakistan, par Benoit Sneessens Du 1er trois ans, l'artiste a parcouru à pieds les sentiers escarpés de la vallée de Hunza, au Nord du Pakistan reportages à l'étranger, s'envole pour le Pakistan. Le but de son expédition : confronter l'image du pays

  16. School of Electrical Engineering & Computer Science National University of Sciences & Technology (NUST), Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huisman, Johannes

    (NUST), Pakistan Copyright © Syed Ali Khayam Intelligent Multimedia Coding over Oblivious Networking Universities of the World 6 No. 20 in ASIA NUST Declared as No. 1 in PAKISTAN (Source: Asia Week, Issue June 30-Asia-France, Korean Research Foundation, Pakistan National ICT R&D Fund 8 #12;Copyright © Syed Ali Khayam About

  17. University of Cambridge scholarships awarded to learners in Pakistan and India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Travis, Adrian

    University of Cambridge scholarships awarded to learners in Pakistan and India 24 April 2012 We in India and Pakistan who have received an offer of a place at the University. The scholarships were to afford to go to Cambridge. University of Cambridge 800th Anniversary Scholarship for students in Pakistan

  18. ICTs, AN ALTERNATIVE SPHERE FOR SOCIAL MOVEMENTS IN PAKISTAN-A RESEARCH FRAMEWORK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ICTs, AN ALTERNATIVE SPHERE FOR SOCIAL MOVEMENTS IN PAKISTAN-A RESEARCH FRAMEWORK Saqib Saeed of Pakistani civil society. We have studied a recent movement in Pakistan and found that people have started of an alternative sphere for information dissemination and mobilization in Pakistani civil society. In Pakistan

  19. New records of scyphomedusae from Pakistan coast: Catostylus perezi and Pelagia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morandini, Andre C.

    New records of scyphomedusae from Pakistan coast: Catostylus perezi and Pelagia cf. noctiluca Government Degree College, Malir, Karachi, Pakistan, 2 Departamento de Zoologia, Instituto de Biocie-090, Brazil The present paper reports two scyphozoan species for the coast of Pakistan: the semaeostome

  20. Organizational Barriers to Technology Adoption: Evidence from Soccer-Ball Producers in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qian, Ning

    Organizational Barriers to Technology Adoption: Evidence from Soccer-Ball Producers in Pakistan of soccer-ball producers in Sialkot, Pakistan. Our research team invented a new cutting technology Hamid, who first suggested we study the soccer ball sector in Sialkot, Pakistan. All errors are ours

  1. Pakistan Vet. J., 24(3): 2004 EFFECT OF EXPERIMENTAL YOLK SAC INFECTION WITH ESCHERICHIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Pakistan Vet. J., 24(3): 2004 125 EFFECT OF EXPERIMENTAL YOLK SAC INFECTION WITH ESCHERICHIA COLI Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan. ABSTRACT In this study, 100 day-old broiler chicks were divided into two groups is the major cause of early chick mortality in Pakistan (Anjum, 1997). Major cause of omphalitis is E. coli

  2. mise jour: 30/03/2009 Rapport de ma mission au Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldschmidt, Michel

    1 mise à jour: 30/03/2009 Rapport de ma mission au Pakistan École de recherche CIMPA du 22 au 28://www.lums.edu.pk/> pour y donner une conférence dans le cadre de French Science Tour in Pakistan Science Tour in Pakistan. · Samedi 28 février, 8 exposés organisés par Juergen Herzog permettant à des

  3. Pakistan Vet. J., 24(3): 2004 EFFECTS OF ASCORBIC ACID AND ACETYLSALICYLIC ACID

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Pakistan Vet. J., 24(3): 2004 109 EFFECTS OF ASCORBIC ACID AND ACETYLSALICYLIC ACID SUPPLEMENTATION Sciences, Lahore-54000, Pakistan ABSTRACT A total of 100, day-old broiler chicks were randomly divided production in the tropics. In Pakistan, temperature remains well beyond the higher side of thermoneutral zone

  4. * Not for sale in Pakistan ** For sale only in the United States and Canada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landweber, Laura

    * Not for sale in Pakistan ** For sale only in the United States and Canada *** Not for sale & Best-Selling Titles * Not for sale in Pakistan ** For sale only in the United States and Canada-Selling Titles 115 * Not for sale in Pakistan ** For sale only in the United States and Canada *** Not for sale

  5. An assessment of recent extreme weather in Pakistan and Russia Mike Blackburn1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dacre, Helen

    - 1 - An assessment of recent extreme weather in Pakistan and Russia Mike Blackburn1 , Andy Turner1 crossed the mountains over northern Pakistan, intensifying the monsoon rains there. This trough into northern Pakistan, beneath the trough(Fig.3) . It appears to be this conjunction of events that led

  6. Recent & Best-Selling Titles 121 * Not for sale in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landweber, Laura

    Recent & Best-Selling Titles 121 * Not for sale in Pakistan ** For sale only in the United States $16.95T PA: 978-0-691-14592-1 #12;122 Recent & Best-Selling Titles * Not for sale in Pakistan 123 * Not for sale in Pakistan ** For sale only in the United States and Canada *** Not for sale

  7. A reinterpretation of the Balakot Formation: Implications for the tectonics of the NW Himalaya, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Najman, Yani

    , Pakistan Yani Najman,1,2 Malcolm Pringle,3 Laurent Godin,4 and Grahame Oliver5 Received 2 April 2001 of the Himalayan foreland basin in Pakistan was originally described as a >8 km thick clastic red bed succession; 9320 Information Related to Geographic Region: Asia; KEYWORDS: Himalaya, Pakistan, Balakot Formation

  8. Drainage, sediment transport, and denudation rates on the Nanga Parbat Himalaya, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marston, Richard A.

    Drainage, sediment transport, and denudation rates on the Nanga Parbat Himalaya, Pakistan Kevin: Sediment transport; Pakistan; Mountain denudation 1. Introduction The Nanga Parbat massif is one of the largest topographic features in the western Himalaya of northern Pakistan with its main summit rising

  9. Multistage evolution of the Jijal ultramaficmafic complex (Kohistan, N Pakistan): Implications for building the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demouchy, Sylvie

    Multistage evolution of the Jijal ultramafic­mafic complex (Kohistan, N Pakistan): Implications, Cc 57, 34095 Montpellier cedex 05, France d Pakistan Museum of Natural History, Garden Avenue, Shakarparian, 44000 Islamabad, Pakistan Received 12 February 2007; received in revised form 15 June 2007

  10. International Conference on Earthquake Engineering and Seismology (ICEES 2011), NUST, Islamabad, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , Pakistan April 25-26, 2011 Post-Event Reconstruction in Asia since 1999: An Overview Focusing on the Social, Lahore, Pakistan (siddiq.akbar@uet.edu.pk ) Abstract The concentration of human population in Asia, Islamabad, Pakistan April 25-26, 2011 Considering that seismology and earthquake engineering had taken roots

  11. REVIEW ARTICLE Pakistan Vet. J., 24(1): 2004 FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO YOLK RETENTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    REVIEW ARTICLE Pakistan Vet. J., 24(1): 2004 46 FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO YOLK RETENTION IN POULTRY Department of Microbiology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan ABSTRACT Yolk) stated that it was the commonest cause of early chick mortality in Pakistan. Jordan (1990) and Singh et

  12. Floods in Pakistan: Socio-political and 'techno-nature' challenges a first glance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Floods in Pakistan: Socio-political and 'techno-nature' challenges ­ a first glance Urs Geiser 1. Over the coming days, rains continued not only in Northwest Pakistan, but in Baluchistan as well quarter of Pakistan's land area is inundated. The spatial spread of the disaster is well known

  13. mise jour: 09/12/2009 Rapport de ma mission au Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldschmidt, Michel

    1 mise à jour: 09/12/2009 Rapport de ma mission au Pakistan École de recherche CIMPA du 22 au 28://www.lums.edu.pk/> pour y donner une conférence dans le cadre de French Science Tour in Pakistan Science Tour in Pakistan. · Samedi 28 février, 8 exposés organisés par Juergen Herzog permettant à des

  14. Complex flow in lowest crustal, anastomosing mylonites: Strain gradients in a Kohistan gabbro, northern Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , northern Pakistan L. Arbaret1 and J.-P. Burg Geologisches Institut, ETH-Zentrum, Zurich, Switzerland localization in near paleo-Moho metagabbros of the Kohistan Arc, northern Pakistan, produced anastomosing shear: Strain gradients in a Kohistan gabbro, northern Pakistan, J. Geophys. Res., 108(B10), 2467, doi:10

  15. Faunal responses to oxygen gradients on the Pakistan margin: A comparison of foraminiferans, macrofauna and megafauna

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levin, Lisa

    Faunal responses to oxygen gradients on the Pakistan margin: A comparison of foraminiferans Oxygen minimum zone Benthos Arabian Sea Biodiversity Deep sea a b s t r a c t The Pakistan Margin where oxygen levels were lowest. The rarity of larger animals between 300 and 700 m on the Pakistan

  16. Mangla Dam Raising Project (Pakistan): General Review and Socio-Spatial Impact Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Mangla Dam Raising Project (Pakistan): General Review and Socio-Spatial Impact Assessment Saheeb, National University of Sciences and Technology, Islamabad-44000, Pakistan saheebk@ceme.nust.edu.pk Abstract. INTRODUCTION Pakistan has recently successfully completed the raising of Mangla dam, a major water works system

  17. journals, especially in mathematics and engineering, as well as boosting the impact of their research outside Pakistan.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Juhn-Jong

    of their research outside Pakistan. Second, human capital matters. One concern raised by the report published in this issue is that the 3,500 candidates for Pakistan's new domestic PhD programmes have had lower as Pakistan's schools improve. For the time being, the more important point is that Pakistan has opened up

  18. A Comparison of Wireless Local Loop Technologies with Reference to their Application in Rural Areas of Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radha, Hayder

    Areas of Pakistan Muhammad Usman Ilyas Department of Computer Science, School of Arts & Sciences, Lahore University of Management Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan. muilyas@lums.edu.pk Abstract: In this paper LMDS in rural areas of Pakistan. The low population density and great distances in Pakistan's rural areas make

  19. Self-potential, soil co2 flux, and temperature on masaya volcano, nicaragua

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lewicki, J.L.; Connor, C.; St-Amand, K.; Stix, J.; Spinner, W.

    2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the spatial relationship between self-potential (SP), soil CO{sub 2} flux, and temperature and the mechanisms that produce SP anomalies on the flanks of Masaya volcano, Nicaragua. We measured SP, soil CO{sub 2} fluxes (<1 to 5.0 x 10{sup 4} g m{sup -2} d{sup -1}), and temperatures (26 to 80 C) within an area surrounding a normal fault, adjacent to Comalito cinder cone (2002-2003). These variables are well spatially correlated. Wavelengths of SP anomalies are {le}100 m, and high horizontal SP gradients flank the region of elevated flux and temperature. Carbon isotopic compositions of soil CO{sub 2} ({delta}{sup 13}C = -3.3 to -1.1{per_thousand}) indicate a deep gas origin. Given the presence of a deep water table (100 to 150 m), high gas flow rates, and subsurface temperatures above liquid boiling points, we suggest that rapid fluid disruption is primarily responsible for positive SP anomalies here. Concurrent measurement of SP, soil CO{sub 2} flux, and temperature may be a useful tool to monitor intrusive activity.

  20. The Politics of Space and the Creation of the Third: A Study of the Women’s Parliamentary Caucus in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kalhoro, Sanam A

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rape, Class, and Gender in Pakistan. Lahore: ASR. Kalhoro 16women and the state of Pakistan. Women, Islam and the State,of Feminist Discourses in Pakistan. Meridians Vol. 5, Iss 2;

  1. High-risk sexual behaviours among drug users in Pakistan: implications for prevention of STDs and HlV/AlDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haque, N; Zafar, T; Brahmbhatt, H; Imam, G; ul Hassan, S; Strathdee, Steffanie A

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    associated disorders in Pakistan. AIDS Res Hum RetrovirusesHIV/AIDS policy in Pakistan. Health Policy Plan 2001;16;AA, Khan OA. HIV/AIDS in Pakistan: the context and magnitude

  2. Simulating the Afghanistan-Pakistan opium supply chain

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Watkins, Jennifer H [Los Alamos National Laboratory; MacKerrow, Edward P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Merritt, Terence M [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2010-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper outlines an opium supply chain using the Hilmand province of Afghanistan as exemplar. The opium supply chain model follows the transformation of opium poppy seed through cultivation and chemical alteration to brown heroin base. The purpose of modeling and simulating the Afghanistan-Pakistan opium supply chain is to discover and test strategies that will disrupt this criminal enterprise.

  3. Benthic biological and biogeochemical patterns and processes across an oxygen minimum zone (Pakistan margin, NE Arabian Sea)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levin, Lisa

    (Pakistan margin, NE Arabian Sea) Gregory L. Cowie a,Ã, Lisa A. Levin b a The Sir John Murray Laboratories), and organic matter (OM) availability on benthic communities and processes across the Pakistan Margin

  4. PUBLISHED ONLINE: 15 JANUARY 2012 | DOI: 10.1038/NGEO1373 Stickslip advance of the Kohat Plateau in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bilham, Roger

    Plateau in Pakistan S. P. Satyabala1 , Zhaohui Yang2 and Roger Bilham2 * Throughout most of the Himalaya of rock to slide aseismically on a décollement, as has clearly occurred in the Potwar Plateau of Pakistan

  5. Council Resolution concerning the admission of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan as Associate Member State at CERN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Council Resolution concerning the admission of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan as Associate Member State at CERN

  6. Pakistan creates national centre for physics/Symmetry violation in a new setting/CERN: Circular solution to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pakistan creates national centre for physics/Symmetry violation in a new setting/CERN: Circular solution to

  7. U.S. - Pakistan Joint Press Statement | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOriginEducationVideoStrategic|IndustrialCenterMarchC. BERKELEY: NEGAWATT THE SERRANO- Pakistan

  8. Evaluation of environmental impact assessment system in Pakistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nadeem, Obaidullah [Department of City and Regional Planning, University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore (Pakistan)], E-mail: obaidnadeem@yahoo.com; Hameed, Rizwan [Department of City and Regional Planning, University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore (Pakistan)], E-mail: d_rizwan@hotmail.com

    2008-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Environmental impact assessment (EIA) was first introduced in Pakistan based on the Environmental Protection Ordinance 1983. The EIA process was further strengthened under the Pakistan Environmental Protection Act 1997, which became operational under EIA Regulations 2000. Despite a sound legal basis and comprehensive guidelines, evidence suggests that EIA has not yet evolved satisfactorily in Pakistan. An evaluation of the EIA system against systematic evaluation criteria, based on interviews with EIA approval authorities, consulting firms and experts, reveals various shortcomings of the EIA system. These mainly include; inadequate capacity of EIA approval authorities, deficiencies in screening and scoping, poor EIA quality, inadequate public participation and weak monitoring. Overall, EIA is used presently as a project justification tool rather than as a project planning tool to contribute to achieving sustainable development. Whilst shortcomings are challenging, central government has recently shown a high degree of commitment to the environmental protection by making EIA compulsory for all the public sector projects likely to have adverse environmental impacts. The paper identifies opportunities for taking advantage of the current environment for strengthening the EIA process.

  9. Development projects in Pakistan are hiring increasing numbers of Pakistani female professionals to work on rural projects that

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Development projects in Pakistan are hiring increasing numbers of Pakistani female professionals. Policy message n Pakistan is a highly gender-segregated society, and more well-qualified female field for well-educat- ed Pakistani women Pakistan has one of the lowest female labour force

  10. GEOLOGY | February 2013 | www.gsapubs.org 111 The Stak massif, northern Pakistan, is a newly recognized occur-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GEOLOGY | February 2013 | www.gsapubs.org 111 ABSTRACT The Stak massif, northern Pakistan in northern Pakistan (Fig. 1) is a retro- gressed eclogitic massif, but the pervasive retrogression made northwest of Skardu, Pakistan (Fig. 1). High-pressure rocks are exposed on the northern edge of the Indian

  11. Were the 2010 Pakistan floods predictable?2 P. J. Webster*, V.E. Toma and H-M Kim5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Webster, Peter J.

    1 1 Were the 2010 Pakistan floods predictable?2 3 4 P. J. Webster*, V.E. Toma and H-M Kim5 School During July 2010, a series of monsoonal deluges over northern Pakistan resulted in25 catastrophic31 July deluges, especially in North Pakistan was exceptionally rare as deduced from limited32 data

  12. Pakistan Vt. ./., 22(4): 2002 A STUDY ON THE PATHOGENESIS OF YOLK RETENTION IN BROILER CHICKS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Pakistan Vêt. ./., 22(4): 2002 A STUDY ON THE PATHOGENESIS OF YOLK RETENTION IN BROILER CHICKS Laboratories Complex. Lahore, Pakistan ABSTRACT The présent project was designed to identify thé factors commonest cause of early chick mortality in Pakistan (Anjum, 1997). Whcn thé chick émerges from it's shell

  13. Key to Juniperus of Central Asia (from Turkmenistan/Iran through the former Soviet rev. 2/2011 Union, Pakistan and the Western Himalayas, including Nepal)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    /2011 Union, Pakistan and the Western Himalayas, including Nepal) 1a. All leaves acicular (subulate, jointed

  14. NEW WINE IN OLD BOTTLES: An Analysis of Pakistan's Conflict in the Pashtun Tribal Areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khan, Huma

    2008-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) of Pakistan have regained prominence in recent years because of the U.S.' "war on terror" against Al-Qaeda. The Government of Pakistan, backed by the U.S. and NATO, is involved in a bloody conflict...

  15. 24 Germany 8 58 Pakistan 3 34 Israel 1 68 Saudi Arabia 30

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    24 Germany 8 58 Pakistan 3 34 Israel 1 68 Saudi Arabia 30 COLLEGES (STUDENTS) ACADEMIC LEVELS France 10 57 Oman 1 TOTAL 1283 24 Germany 8 58 Pakistan 3 25 Ghana 5 59 Palestine 1 26 Greece 2 60 Panama

  16. Solar and Wind Resource Assessments for Afghanistan and Pakistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Renne, D. S.; Kelly, M.; Elliott, D.; George, R.; Scott, G.; Haymes, S.; Heimiller, D.; Milbrandt, A.; Cowlin, S.; Gilman, P.; Perez, R.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has recently completed the production of high-resolution wind and solar energy resource maps and related data products for Afghanistan and Pakistan. The resource data have been incorporated into a geospatial toolkit (GsT), which allows the user to manipulate the resource information along with country-specific geospatial information such as highway networks, power facilities, transmission corridors, protected land areas, etc. The toolkit allows users to then transfer resource data for specific locations into NREL's micropower optimization model known as HOMER.

  17. INSAG-15 Key Practical Issues

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    MONGOLIA MOROCCO MYANMAR NAMIBIA NETHERLANDS NEW ZEALAND NICARAGUA NIGER NIGERIA NORWAY PAKISTAN PANAMA PARAGUAY PERU PHILIPPINES POLAND PORTUGAL QATAR REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA...

  18. --No Title--

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland...

  19. DEVELOPING SAFETY CULTURE IN NUCLEAR ACTIVITIES Practical Suggestions

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    MONGOLIA MOROCCO MYANMAR NAMIBIA NETHERLANDS NEW ZEALAND NICARAGUA NIGER NIGERIA NORWAY PAKISTAN PANAMA PARAGUAY PERU PHILIPPINES POLAND PORTUGAL QATAR REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA...

  20. SAFETY SERIES No.75-INSAG-4 INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    MONGOLIA MOROCCO MYANMAR NAMIBIA NETHERLANDS NEW ZEALAND NICARAGUA NIGER NIGERIA NORWAY PAKISTAN PANAMA PARAGUAY PERU PHILIPPINES POLAND PORTUGAL QATAR ROMANIA SAUDI ARABIA...

  1. Biostratigraphy and microfacies of the cretaceous sediments in the Indus Basin, Pakistan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khan, Suleman

    2013-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis I document the biostratigraphy of two Cretaceous sections in Pakistan, the Chichali Nala Section and the Moghal Kot Section. Furthermore, I document the stratigraphy of the so-called Oceanic Anoxic Events ...

  2. Incentive and coordination issues in the mobile banking industry of Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ali, Tughral Turab

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With the introduction of Branch less Banking regulations in 2008 by the State Bank of Pakistan a new opportunity for banks and telecoms was created to service the needs of the 85% of Pakistanis who lacked any formal or ...

  3. "Shelter within my reach" : medium rise apartment housing for the middle income group in Karachi, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahmood, Saman, 1972-

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis identifies the project development processes of medium rise (five storied or less) apartment housing built by the private formal sector, catering to the middle income groups in Karachi, Pakistan. Middle income ...

  4. Mohajir subnationalism and the Mohajir Qaumi Movement in Sindh Province, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards, Julian James

    1994-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

    P k3) I sqgý'7 XOIIAJI1R SUBNATIONALMN AIM THE XOHAJIR QAuxr XOVENEXT IN S13DH PROVINCE, PAKISTAN UNIVERSITY LIBRARY CAM Julian Richards SIDNEY SUSSEX COLLEGE A dissertation submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy... in the University of Cambridge. September 1993 ILME: Mr. Julian James Richards Department of Geography PhD DISSERTATION TITLE: SUNKARY: Mohajir Subnationalism and the Mohajir Qaumi Movement in Sindh Province, Pakistan This dissertation examines the rise...

  5. China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, Ed., David

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mexico Mongolia Morocco Mozambique Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nicaragua Nigeria Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Coal &Mexico Mongolia Morocco Mozambique Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nigeria Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papua New Guinea Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Coal &

  6. Energy Management by Recycling of Vehicle Waste Oil in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hassan Ali Durrani

    Abstract: Pakistan has been suffering from an energy crisis for about half a decade now. The power crisis is proving to be unbearable, so importing huge amount of hydrocarbons from abroad to meet its energy needs. This study therefore focuses on the analysis of energy and environmental benefits for vehicle waste lubricant oil pertaining to its reuse by means of: (i) regain the heating value of used oils in a combustion process and (ii) recycling of waste oil to make fresh oil products. The waste oil samples were tested by ICP method and the test results were compared with standard requirements. It was found that the matter could effectively be solved by means of waste oil management practices together with collection centers, transports and processors by encouraging and financial help for the recycling industry. The importance and worth of this work concludes minor levels of hazardous elements when regained the heating value from the waste lubricating oil.

  7. The Main Mantle Thrust (MMT) is the regional contact between collider India and the overthrust Kohistan-Ladakh series in the Pakistan Himalaya. Early Himalayan-age

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kidd, William S. F.

    and the overthrust Kohistan-Ladakh series in the Pakistan Himalaya. Early Himalayan-age thrusting and some later (~20

  8. Chaddars and Pink Collars in Pakistan: Gender, Work and the Global Economy A Dissertation Presented to the Faculty of the Department of Sociology and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraden, Seth

    Chaddars and Pink Collars in Pakistan: Gender, Work and the Global Economy A Dissertation Presented in Pakistan, employed in a global workplace i.e. international call centers, manage the dialectical with their local cultural imperatives. This question is of special significance in deeply patriarchal Pakistan

  9. Growing up in Karachi, Pakistan, Ayesha Muhammad br '14 excelled in the science and math courses that were the focus of her studies, but it was the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Growing up in Karachi, Pakistan, Ayesha Muhammad br '14 excelled in the science and math courses like Introduction to Art History and The Near East from Alexander to Muhammad," she said. "In Pakistan at an orphanage in Mexico. Looking ahead, Ayesha intends to earn her medical degree and work in rural Pakistan. "I

  10. Overseas Training Event for IEEE participating Universities of Pakistan Institution of Electrical & Electronics Engineers (IEEE) has been offering its topoftheline product, IEEE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siddiqi, Sajjad Ahmed

    Overseas Training Event for IEEE participating Universities of Pakistan Institution institution of Pakistan in the fields of engineering and computer sciences got the access to premier of Pakistan are subscribing to IEEE Xplore. IEEE has keenly observed this trend among the Pakistani

  11. Seismological Research Letters Volume 78, Number 6 November/December 2007 601 The city of Karachi, Pakistan (population 14 million), sits close

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bilham, Roger

    , Pakistan (population 14 million), sits close to a plate boundary and within reach of earthquakes on numer of Pakistan's four provinces), is indistinguishable from that of many fishing villages on the northern shores fromavillagetoatownwithapopulationoffewerthan140,000 people. The population grew to 500,000 by the time Pakistan became an independent nation

  12. Bookstore orders from the United Kingdom, Europe, Africa, the Middle East, India, and Pakistan and all sales enquiries should be directed to our United Kingdom distributor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landweber, Laura

    Bookstore orders from the United Kingdom, Europe, Africa, the Middle East, India, and Pakistan Kingdom Tel: +44 207 515 1011 peter@jjacques.demon.co.uk Pakistan-- Saleem A. Malik World Press 27-1 Al Firdous Avenue Faiz Road, Muslim Town Lahore 54600 Punjab, Pakistan Tel: +92 042 3588 1617 worldpress

  13. Pakistan: Asia-Pacific energy series, country report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gazdar, M.N.

    1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Energy Program has embarked on a series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector in each major country in the region. The country studies also provide the reader with an overview of the economic and political situation in the various countries. We have particularly highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. Finally, to the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics -- often from unpublished and disparate sources that are unavailable to most readers. Staff members have traveled extensively in -- and at times have lived in -- the countries under review and have held discussions with senior policymakers in government and industry. Thus, these reports provide not only information but also the latest thinking on energy issues in the various countries. This report summarizes the energy and economic situation in Pakistan.

  14. Design of a mechanized paddy harvester for inundated areas of East Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chowdhury, Md. Abdul Karim

    1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (&f t roc!is fr?cia & he cont oiir of this region. This ri giun is hei& i& I y Foccsccl and Ihc. river Kar& ~@holi I loi:s, &cross &he & orest. Clia&i& e of g st I'. &kistan llcavy rainfa!I generally occur& in Fast Pakistan. The aver. ige ai...

  15. Application for Associate Membership at CERN by the Government of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan Report by the fact-finding Task Force

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Application for Associate Membership at CERN by the Government of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan Report by the fact-finding Task Force

  16. PKI Implementation Issues: A Comparative Study of Pakistan with some Asian Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malik, Nasir Mahmood; Khalid, Samina; Malik, Faisal Munir

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper includes Public Key Infrastructure (PKI), its need and requirements and introduction of some renowned PKI products. However, the major thrust of this work is that how PKI can enhance security of various systems. The paper is intended to serve as a guide on how to adequately prepare for some of the challenges that may be encountered especially in developing countries like Pakistan. The detail of PKI implementation issues is also included in the paper along with future challenges regarding implementation of PKI. Furthermore, paper includes technical issues hindering the implementation of PKI through comparison of PKI issues in Pakistan and some of Asian countries mainly Taiwan, Japan and Singapore. The paper also highlights the PKI issues and learnt lessons regarding PKI implementation and can act as a comprehensive guide for successful future PKI deployments.

  17. Teaching Quality Assurance and Project Management to Undergraduate Computing Students in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mehmood, Zaigham

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Software Project Management (SPM) and Software Quality Assurance (SQA) are key components of undergraduate Computing programmes at educational establishments in Pakistan. Because of the nature of these subjects, there are a number of issues that need to be discussed and resolved so that the teaching becomes more effective, students learning experience is more enjoyable and their ability to be actively involved in SPM and SQA, after the completion of their studies, becomes further improved. In this paper, we discuss experience of teaching SPM and SQA at one particular institution in Islamabad Pakistan. Using this as a case study, we underline the students perspective, highlight the inherent issues and suggest ways to improve the delivery of these subjects. Since, the issues are mainly generic, the aim is to provide discussion and recommendations to benefit a wider computing community in academia.

  18. Beyond Kargil: The technology of peace in India-Pakistan border relations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tahir-Kheli, S.; Biringer, K.L.

    2000-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The potential for cooperation between India and Pakistan is substantial. Topics as widely varying as national security, the environment and trade hold the potential for improved bilateral relations. This paper looks at a few areas in which monitoring technology could contribute to enhancing cooperative border agreements between the two nations. The goal of the paper is not to provide prescriptive solutions to regional problems, but to expand the number of options being considered for improving Indian-Pakistan relations. Many of the impediments to bilateral progress are a result of a history of conflict and mistrust. By utilizing technical monitoring and inspections, each side can begin to replace suspicion and doubt with knowledge and information useful in making informed political, economic and military decisions. At the same time, technical monitoring and inspections can build confidence through common interactions. India and Pakistan have pledged to resolve their disputes, including Kashmir, through dialogue. Implementation of that pledge is influenced by a number of factors, including changes in the political systems and the fortunes of the leadership. Events of the past year and a half have severely tested these two governments' ability to move forward along a constructive and positive path. Testing of new missile systems both preceded and followed testing of nuclear weapons in May 1998. Both countries disregarded subsequent international displeasure as they proceeded to openly declare their respective nuclear capability. Their brief engagement with each other in February 1999 and movement toward a rapprochement diluted international condemnation of their nuclear activity. Within a recent period of nine months however, progress in the dialogue has been stalled first by the Pakistani move in Kashmir in May 1999, then by the Indian election in the summer of 1999 and most recently by the military coup in Pakistan.

  19. An evaluation framework for effective public participation in EIA in Pakistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nadeem, Obaidullah, E-mail: obaidnadeem@yahoo.co [Department of City and Regional Planning, University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore (Pakistan); Fischer, Thomas B., E-mail: fischer@liverpool.ac.u [Department of Civic Design, the University of Liverpool, Liverpool (United Kingdom)

    2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Evaluating the effectiveness of public participation in EIA related decisions is of crucial importance for developing a better understanding of overall EIA effectiveness. This paper aims to contribute to the professional debate by establishing a country specific evaluation framework for Pakistan, which, it is suggested, could also potentially be used in other developing countries. The framework is used to evaluate performance of public participation in EIA in terms of 40 attributes for four selected projects from the province of Punjab. The evaluation is based on interviews with stakeholders, review of EIA reports as well as public hearing proceedings and environmental approval conditions. The evaluation of the selected projects revealed an overall weak influence of public participation on substantive quality of EIA and on the final decision. Overall, EIA public participation has succeeded in providing a more egalitarian environment. Furthermore, it appears fair to say that sufficient time for submitting written comments on EIA reports as well as for raising concerns during public hearings had been given. Also, public consultation was significantly contributing to educating participants. Despite some impediments, it is argued that public participation in EIA is gradually gaining ground in Pakistan. Recommendations to enhance EIA public participation effectiveness in Pakistan include applying a more proactive approach which should take place before EIA is conducted and before site selection for development projects is happening.

  20. Confidence building measures at sea:opportunities for India and Pakistan.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vohra, Ravi Bhushan Rear Admiral (; ); Ansari, Hasan Masood Rear Admiral (; )

    2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The sea presents unique possibilities for implementing confidence building measures (CBMs) between India and Pakistan that are currently not available along the contentious land borders surrounding Jammu and Kashmir. This is due to the nature of maritime issues, the common military culture of naval forces, and a less contentious history of maritime interaction between the two nations. Maritime issues of mutual concern provide a strong foundation for more far-reaching future CBMs on land, while addressing pressing security, economic, and humanitarian needs at sea in the near-term. Although Indian and Pakistani maritime forces currently have stronger opportunities to cooperate with one another than their counterparts on land, reliable mechanisms to alleviate tension or promote operational coordination remain non-existent. Therefore, possible maritime CBMs, as well as pragmatic mechanisms to initiate and sustain cooperation, require serious examination. This report reflects the unique joint research undertaking of two retired Senior Naval Officers from both India and Pakistan, sponsored by the Cooperative Monitoring Center of the International Security Center at Sandia National Laboratories. Research focuses on technology as a valuable tool to facilitate confidence building between states having a low level of initial trust. Technical CBMs not only increase transparency, but also provide standardized, scientific means of interacting on politically difficult problems. Admirals Vohra and Ansari introduce technology as a mechanism to facilitate consistent forms of cooperation and initiate discussion in the maritime realm. They present technical CBMs capable of being acted upon as well as high-level political recommendations regarding the following issues: (1) Delimitation of the maritime boundary between India and Pakistan and its relationship to the Sir Creek dispute; (2) Restoration of full shipping links and the security of ports and cargos; (3) Fishing within disputed areas and resolution of issues relating to arrest and repatriation of fishermen from both sides; and (4) Naval and maritime agency interaction and possibilities for cooperation.

  1. Oxygen and organic matter thresholds for benthic faunal activity on the Pakistan margin oxygen minimum zone (7001100 m)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levin, Lisa

    Oxygen and organic matter thresholds for benthic faunal activity on the Pakistan margin oxygen increased animal activity associated with increasing bottom-water oxygen concentration. We examined faunal community responses to oxygen and organic matter gradients across the lower oxygen minimum zone (OMZ

  2. Application of smokeless briquettes in developing countries: the cases of Haiti and Pakistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sabadell, A.; Shelton, R.B.; Stevenson, G.G.; Willson, T.G.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Traditional energy sources are a significant fraction of energy demand in developing countries. These sources have become increasingly scarce because of clearing of land for agriculture, charcoal production, and excessive timber harvesting. One option for mitigating one aspect of this multidimensional problem is the use of smokeless coal briquettes. Resource and market conditions are excellent in some developing countries for the substitution of smokeless briquettes for fuelwood (which includes firewood and charcoal). US Agency for International Development (USAID) has developed a five-step procedure for determining the potential substitution of smokeless briquettes for fuelwood: resource evaluation, market assessment, technological assessment, government policy and institutional assessment (including environmental and health assessments), and business and market assessment. Through recent assessment activities in Haiti, we have gained knowledge and understanding of the market mechanisms for fuelwood substitution which we intend to apply in Pakistan. 10 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

  3. Cooperative Monitoring Center Occasional Paper/11: Cooperative Environmental Monitoring in the Coastal Regions of India and Pakistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rajen, Gauray

    1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The cessation of hostilities between India and Pakistan is an immediate need and of global concern, as these countries have tested nuclear devices, and have the capability to deploy nuclear weapons and long-range ballistic missiles. Cooperative monitoring projects among neighboring countries in South Asia could build regional confidence, and, through gradual improvements in relations, reduce the threat of war and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. This paper discusses monitoring the trans-border movement of flow and sediment in the Indian and Pakistani coastal areas. Through such a project, India and Pakistan could initiate greater cooperation, and engender movement towards the resolution of the Sir Creek territorial dispute in their coastal region. The Joint Working Groups dialogue being conducted by India and Pakistan provides a mechanism for promoting such a project. The proposed project also falls within a regional framework of cooperation agreed to by several South Asian countries. This framework has been codified in the South Asian Seas Action Plan, developed by Bangladesh, India, Maldives, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. This framework provides a useful starting point for Indian and Pakistani cooperative monitoring in their trans-border coastal area. The project discussed in this paper involves computer modeling, the placement of in situ sensors for remote data acquisition, and the development of joint reports. Preliminary computer modeling studies are presented in the paper. These results illustrate the cross-flow connections between Indian and Pakistani coastal regions and strengthen the argument for cooperation. Technologies and actions similar to those suggested for the coastal project are likely to be applied in future arms control and treaty verification agreements. The project, therefore, serves as a demonstration of cooperative monitoring technologies. The project will also increase people-to-people contacts among Indian and Pakistani policy makers and scientists. In the perceptions of the general public, the project will crystallize the idea that the two countries share ecosystems and natural resources, and have a vested interest in increased collaboration.

  4. The impact of municipal solid waste treatment methods on greenhouse gas emissions in Lahore, Pakistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Batool, Syeda Adila [Department of Space Science, Punjab University, Lahore 54600 (Pakistan)], E-mail: aadila_batool@yahoo.com; Chuadhry, Muhammad Nawaz [College of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of the Punjab, Lahore (Pakistan)], E-mail: muhammadnawazchaudhry@yahoo.com

    2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The contribution of existing municipal solid waste management to emission of greenhouse gases and the alternative scenarios to reduce emissions were analyzed for Data Ganj Bukhsh Town (DGBT) in Lahore, Pakistan using the life cycle assessment methodology. DGBT has a population of 1,624,169 people living in 232,024 dwellings. Total waste generated is 500,000 tons per year with an average per capita rate of 0.84 kg per day. Alternative scenarios were developed and evaluated according to the environmental, economic, and social atmosphere of the study area. Solid waste management options considered include the collection and transportation of waste, collection of recyclables with single and mixed material bank container systems (SMBCS, MMBCS), material recovery facilities (MRF), composting, biogasification and landfilling. A life cycle inventory (LCI) of the six scenarios along with the baseline scenario was completed; this helped to quantify the CO{sub 2} equivalents, emitted and avoided, for energy consumption, production, fuel consumption, and methane (CH{sub 4}) emissions. LCI results showed that the contribution of the baseline scenario to the global warming potential as CO{sub 2} equivalents was a maximum of 838,116 tons. The sixth scenario had a maximum reduction of GHG emissions in terms of CO{sub 2} equivalents of -33,773 tons, but the most workable scenario for the current situation in the study area is scenario 5. It saves 25% in CO{sub 2} equivalents compared to the baseline scenario.

  5. Cooperative Monitoring Center Occasional Paper/18: Maritime Cooperation Between India and Pakistan: Building Confidence at Sea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SIDDIQA-AGHA,AYESHA

    2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper discusses ways in which the navies of both India and Pakistan can cooperate on issues of maritime and naval significance. Although the militaries and navies of the two countries have traditionally seen each other as rivals, international economic developments make cooperation imperative. South Asia requires an approach that can alter the existing hostile images and perceptions. This can be achieved through developing an incremental approach towards confidence building that would allow consistency and help build confidence gradually. The aim is to make confidence building a sustainable activity that would help transform hostile images and build cooperative and nonhostile relationships. This paper proposes a five-step model to suggest what the two navies can do jointly to build confidence, with the ultimate goal of naval arms control. The steps include (1) the Signaling Stage to initiate communication between the two navies, (2) the Warming-Up Stage to build confidence through nonmilitary joint ventures, (3) the Handshake Stage to build confidence between the two navies through military joint ventures, (4) the Problem-Solving Stage to resolve outstanding disputes, and (5) the Final Nod Stage to initiate naval arms control. This model would employ communication, navigation, and remote sensing technologies to achieve success.

  6. Health burden of skin lesions at low arsenic exposure through groundwater in Pakistan. Is river the source?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fatmi, Zafar, E-mail: zafar.fatmi@aku.edu [Department of Community Health Sciences, Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, P.O. Box 3500, Karachi (Pakistan)] [Department of Community Health Sciences, Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, P.O. Box 3500, Karachi (Pakistan); Azam, Iqbal; Ahmed, Faiza; Kazi, Ambreen; Gill, Albert Bruce; Kadir, Muhmmad Masood; Ahmed, Mubashir; Ara, Naseem; Janjua, Naveed Zafar [Department of Community Health Sciences, Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, P.O. Box 3500, Karachi (Pakistan)] [Department of Community Health Sciences, Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, P.O. Box 3500, Karachi (Pakistan)

    2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A significant proportion of groundwater in south Asia is contaminated with arsenic. Pakistan has low levels of arsenic in groundwater compared with China, Bangladesh and India. A representative multi-stage cluster survey conducted among 3874 persons {>=}15 years of age to determine the prevalence of arsenic skin lesions, its relation with arsenic levels and cumulative arsenic dose in drinking water in a rural district (population: 1.82 million) in Pakistan. Spot-urine arsenic levels were compared among individuals with and without arsenic skin lesions. In addition, the relation of age, body mass index, smoking status with arsenic skin lesions was determined. The geographical distribution of the skin lesions and arsenic-contaminated wells in the district were ascertained using global positioning system. The total arsenic, inorganic and organic forms, in water and spot-urine samples were determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. The prevalence of skin lesions of arsenic was estimated for complex survey design, using surveyfreq and surveylogistic options of SAS 9.1 software.The prevalence of definitive cases i.e. hyperkeratosis of both palms and soles, was 3.4 per 1000 and suspected cases i.e. any sign of arsenic skin lesions (melanosis and/or keratosis), were 13.0 per 1000 among {>=}15-year-old persons in the district. Cumulative arsenic exposure (dose) was calculated from levels of arsenic in water and duration of use of current drinking water source. Prevalence of skin lesions increases with cumulative arsenic exposure (dose) in drinking water and arsenic levels in urine. Skin lesions were 2.5-fold among individuals with BMI <18.5 kg/m{sup 2}. Geographically, more arsenic-contaminated wells and skin lesions were alongside Indus River, suggests a strong link between arsenic contamination of groundwater with proximity to river.This is the first reported epidemiological and clinical evidence of arsenic skin lesions due to groundwater in Pakistan. Further investigations and focal mitigation measures for arsenic may be carried out alongside Indus River.

  7. Crafting culture : artisan cooperatives in Oaxaca, Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Meghan E.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Renarrativizing of Postrevolutionary Mexico. In Fragments ofThe Politics of Culture in Mexico since 1940, eds. Gilbertpopulares en el capitalismo. Mexico: Nueva Imagen. Harris,

  8. A Proposed Decision Support System/Expert System for Guiding Fresh Students in Selecting a Faculty in Gomal University, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aslam, Muhammad Zaheer; Khan, Abdur Rashid

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents the design and development of a proposed rule based Decision Support System that will help students in selecting the best suitable faculty/major decision while taking admission in Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan, Pakistan. The basic idea of our approach is to design a model for testing and measuring the student capabilities like intelligence, understanding, comprehension, mathematical concepts plus his/her past academic record plus his/her intelligence level, and applying the module results to a rule-based decision support system to determine the compatibility of those capabilities with the available faculties/majors in Gomal University. The result is shown as a list of suggested faculties/majors with the student capabilities and abilities.

  9. Nicaragua SBA Micro-Enterprise Summer 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and project management to move individuals from "I want renewable energy" to "I have renewable energy". Its clients include installers, distributors, manufacturers, schools, non-profits, energy departments by studying systems that integrate wastewater treatment, constructed wetlands, and renewable energy. At Green

  10. Nicaragua-IAEA Cooperation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpen EnergyNelsoniX LtdNew EnergyCity DataNextEra2005 Country

  11. CRC handbook of agricultural energy potential of developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duke, J.A.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The contents of this book are: Introduction; Kenya; Korea (Republic of); Lesotho; Liberia; Malagasy; Malawi; Mali; Mauritania; Mexico, Mozambique, Nepal; Nicaragua; Niger; Nigeria; Pakistan; Panama; Paraguay; Peru; Philippines; Rwanda; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Somalia; Sri Lanka; Sudana; Surinam; Swaziland; Tanzania; Thailand; Togo; Uganda; Uruguay; Venezuela; Zaire; Zambia; Appendix I. Conventional and Energetic Yields; Appendix II, Phytomass Files; and References.

  12. Wind Resource Atlas of Oaxaca | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTriWildcat 1 Wind Project Jump to:Wilson Hot SpringNevada:Data0-'92Atlas of

  13. II Encuentro de Teatristas Latinoamericanos y del Caribe (Nicaragua, 1983)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Nina

    1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , vibrant theatre work came from the Taller Justo Rufino Garay, an ensemble of young, professionally-trained actors who work in television, film and theatre. La virgen que suda, a diverting original play based on an actual case of religious cult... and extend the bonds among theatrical movements across America; to develop plans for the creation of a "Continental Front of Theatre Workers"; to strengthen existing theatrical organizations and to initiate new ones. The formation in New York...

  14. Gary DeRusso ,,11 San Marcos, Nicaragua

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    bustling since it featured street vendors selling their wares (mostly food.) #12;The aforementioned central partake in typical activities, like sing songs, color and draw, play with blocks and clay, and go outside

  15. alluvial aquifer nicaragua: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    15 kyears B.P. and prevailed in the early Holocene (10 Klinger, Yann 427 Hydrogeologic Controls on Bioactive Zone Development in Biostimulated Aquifers University of Kansas - KU...

  16. “Si Nicaragua Venció”: Lesbian and Gay Solidarity with the Revolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hobson, Emily K.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Make Movies, 1991. Chinchilla, Norma Stoltz. “RevolutionaryMillie Thayer, Norma Stoltz Chinchilla, and Maxine Molyneux.

  17. A New Geothermal Anomaly In Nicaragua | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTriWildcat 1 WindtheEnergy InformationOf The 28-29Making |Approach

  18. A New Geothermal Resource Map Of Nicaragua | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTriWildcat 1 WindtheEnergy InformationOf The 28-29Making |ApproachMap

  19. Nicaragua-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcerns Jump to:Neppelsource History ViewNext GenerationNexus(RECP)

  20. Measuring Residential Segregation in Urban Mexico: Levels and Patterns

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monkkonen, Paavo

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tlaxcala; the south, Campeche, Chiapas, Guerrero, Oaxaca,Tlaxcala; the south, Campeche, Chiapas, Guerrero, Oaxaca,Tlaxcala; the south, Campeche, Chiapas, Guerrero, Oaxaca,

  1. Environmental and social responsibility in the coffee industry : a case for Oaxaca, Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rimburg, Natalya

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    when working with agrochemicals. This equipment shallreduce the contact with agrochemicals and comply with all13) Farms cannot use agrochemicals and substances that are

  2. Environmental and social responsibility in the coffee industry : a case for Oaxaca, Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rimburg, Natalya

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    not specified U.S. brands: Allegro Coffee Company, Americanbusinesses including the Allegro Coffee Company (found at

  3. Environmental and social responsibility in the coffee industry : a case for Oaxaca, Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rimburg, Natalya

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    parts: the Good Agricultural and Business Practices, SocialThe Good Agricultural and Business Practices criteria states

  4. Rainfed Agriculture and Climatic Variability in Oaxaca, Mexico Paul Sebastien B. Roge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Silver, Whendee

    network, the Center for Integrated Small Farmer Development of the Mixteca Alta (Centro de Desarrollo needed to foster dignified rural livelihoods and environmental stewardship. This topic deserves much

  5. Environmental and social responsibility in the coffee industry : a case for Oaxaca, Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rimburg, Natalya

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ganaderia, Desarrollo Rural, Pesca Y Alimentacion. 14 Dec.Ganadería, Desarrollo Rural, Pesca y Alimentación) SAIGanadería, Desarrollo Rural, Pesca y Alimentación, SAGARPA)

  6. Environmental and social responsibility in the coffee industry : a case for Oaxaca, Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rimburg, Natalya

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    wb3/work/sites/spc/resources/PDFContent/1108/ Encuesta_www.spcafe.org.mx/wb3/wb/ spc>. Snyder, Richard (Richarddel Sistema Producto Café, SPC) in 2004, which work with the

  7. Rearticulating the Social: Spatial Practices, Collective Subjects, and Oaxaca's Art of Protest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arenas, Ivan

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Okwui Enwezor, and Graeber, David. 2007. “The Twilight ofanthropologist David Graeber’s observations on anarchist

  8. Viva Zapata!: Generation, Gender, and Historical Consciousness in the Reception of Ejido Reform in Oaxaca

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephen, Lynn

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    El Tule. In the mid-1980s, PEMEX approached the ejido withdown the proposition, PEMEX sent people out to individuallyand another ten are working in a PEMEX gas station in nearby

  9. Rearticulating the Social: Spatial Practices, Collective Subjects, and Oaxaca's Art of Protest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arenas, Ivan

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    s defend what’s ours). ” PEMEX privatization series. 2008.ASARO woodblock print. PEMEX privatization series. 2008.by the poor masses). ” PEMEX privatization Espacio Zapata

  10. Reclamando lo que es nuestro : identity formation among Zapoteco youth in Oaxaca and Los Angeles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicolás, Brenda

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    programs—Campaña Nacional de Alfabetización, Instituto deEl Instituto de Alfabetización para Indígenas Monolingües,

  11. Xenosaurus phalaroanthereon: Edmica a Oaxaca y se distribuye en dos localidades en la

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nacional Autónoma de México, Universidad

    Oficial Mexicana sólo se encuentran enlistadas tres de las especies que conforman el género (X. grandis, X concretas para su conservación y evaluar el estado de las poblaciones existentes. A pesar de que en la Norma:Xenosauridae) del sureste de Hidalgo, México. Boletín de la Sociedad Herpetológica Mexicana 15:20-22. Por: Luis

  12. DOE Olk Office of Inspections -- Pakistan DRAi,

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof"Wave theJulyD&DDepartmentContaminatedEnforcementDepartmentNumber 1

  13. Visual Memes in Social Media Tracking real-world news on YouTube

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Lexing

    80 100 0 100 200 300 400 500 Swine Flu Earthquake Iran Pakistan text processing ... query definiGon pakistan military pakistan india tension pakistan taliban pakistan bhuEo pakistan ppp pakistan terrorist #12;7 Who

  14. Participation is not enough : associations and local government in the social fund of Nicaragua

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, Jonathan (Jonathan Alexander)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Community participation in development projects, in which billions of dollars are invested every year, has become quite controversial. While these initiatives can be beneficial, many participatory projects fall short of ...

  15. Microcredit and the Discourse of Empowerment: A Case Study in Jinotega, Nicaragua

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norman, Kristen

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the means to make a living on a sustainable long-term basis,and living conditions. Before the loan we didn’t even have a sustainable

  16. The Effect of War and Its Aftermath on Land Use and Land Cover in Jinotega, Nicaragua

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeledon, Esther Beatriz

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bosnia- Herzegovina a Decade Beyond War. Annals of AmericanBrauer, J. The Effect of War on the Natural Environment.of the Persian Gulf War, 1990-1991: Remote Sensing Datasets

  17. Soil erosion and conservation as affcted by land use and land tenure, El Pital Watershed, Nicaragua

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Somarriba-Chang, Matilde de los Angeles

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    forage such as tropical kudzu (Pueraria phaseoloides (Roxb. ) Benth. ) and cowpea (Vigna sinensis L. ). Trees are dispersed in the grassland and are used as forage, shade, fuelwood, wood, and as posts. These trees were established by natural... and fertility. Many leguminous species, such as velvet bean (Mucuna pruriens L. ), and tropical kudzu, are grown as a cover crop and then plowed into the soil as a green manure. Vegetation barriers Vegetation barriers are usually planted in association...

  18. Soil phosphorus status and fertilizer use in select agricutural soils in Nicaragua

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niemeyer, Patrick G

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . These soils contained high amounts of plant available P as indicated by four soil P testing methods, Texas A&M, Bray I, Mehlich III and Olsen. These same methods extracted less P from soils from Pacific coast volcanic lowlands and central highland uplands...

  19. From Resource Management to Political Activism: Civil Society Participation in Nicaragua's Rural Water Governance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romano, Sarah T.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cameroon. ” Environmental Conservation 1(1): 1–9. Bugajski,and water and environmental conservation Coordination withareas, including environmental conservation and education,

  20. From Resource Management to Political Activism: Civil Society Participation in Nicaragua's Rural Water Governance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romano, Sarah T.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Desarrollo Económico y Social para el Área Urbana y Rural (Desarrollo Económico y Social para el Área Urbana y Rural (Rural Aqueducts) DNRM Decentralized natural resource management DP Design principle ECODES Fundación Ecología y Desarrollo (

  1. A Cinematic Dialogue between Nicaragua and Costa Rica: Shaping a Transnational Cinema through Filmic Exchanges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutsch, Stacy Elaine

    2007-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

    atlántica, Nacionalización de las minas (1979), 1980: Plan económico, 1979: Año de la liberación, Reforma agraria (1981), Inicio de la cruzada nacional de la alfabetización (1980), Clausura de la cruzada nacional de la alfebetización (1980) and Historia de...

  2. Will Nicaragua's Interoceanic Canal Result in an Environmental Catastrophe for Central America?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez, Pedro J.

    to lacustrine eco-services, including crop irrigation, fishing, live- stock production and tourism. Furthermore, irrigation, and tourism. Even without oil spills, invasive species brought by ships could cause profound

  3. Nicaragua-San Jacinto-Tizate Geothermal Power Project | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcerns Jump to:Neppelsource History ViewNext

  4. Nicaragua-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpen EnergyNelsoniX LtdNew EnergyCity DataNextEra2005 Country|

  5. CBTis 92, San Cristobal de las Casas, Chiapas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bor, Gil

    : Chiapas, Tabasco, Oaxaca, Campeche, Yucatán, Quintana Roo o Veracruz; estar interesado en actividad

  6. Spirits of Capitalism: Explaining Industrial Variation in South Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Naseemullah, Adnan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1966). “Indian Automotive Industry: Opportunities andin Pakistan’s Automotive Industry. ” Journal of Asia Pacificin Pakistan’s Automotive Industry”, Journal of Asia Pacific

  7. Delay in diagnosis of tuberculosis in Rawalpindi, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Department of Biochemistry, Pir Mehr Ali Shah Aridby Ethics Committee of Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculturedetails Department of Biochemistry, Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid

  8. Integrated reservoir characterization for the Mazari oil field, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ashraf, Ejaz

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    evaluated reservoir performance potential using the production history, well tests and cased-hole well log surveys. Suggestions for reservoir management activities in conjunction with the evaluation of the reservoir performance are discussed in detail...

  9. Delay in diagnosis of tuberculosis in Rawalpindi, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    associated with age, cough and fever. More than 50% of theTB diagnosis. Conclusion: Cough and fever are being ignoredtreatment. The duration of cough was used to find out total

  10. PASSPORTS TO PRIVILEGE: THE ENGLISH-MEDIUM SCHOOLS IN PAKISTAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rahman, Tariq

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    public demands for English education. English is still the key for a good future - a future with human dignity if not public deference; a future with material comfort if not prosperity; a future with that modicum of security, human rights... , Passports to Privilege 39 Mandela, Nelson. 1994. Long Walk to Freedom: The Autobiography of Nelson Mandela. Boston: Little, Brown and Company. Mangan, J.A. 1986. The Games Ethic and Imperialism. New York: Viking, Penguin. Nabi, Mohammad. 1998...

  11. Urban Land and Housing Markets in the Punjab, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David E. Dowall; Peter Ellis

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Valuation can be undertaken through an analysis of market and non- market transactions, or through the use of survey research methods.

  12. Beggarization: Beggary as an Organized Crime in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Azam, Nadia

    2011-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

    , as are drug trafficking, political and financial corruption, offshore banking, and various other kinds of work that avoid state regulation, taxes, and penalties. K Hart, “The Informal Economy,” in New Palgrave Dictionary of Economic Theory and Doctrine... Frank E. Hagan, “‘Organized crime’ and ‘organized crime’: Indeterminate problems of definition,” Trends in Organized Crime 9 (June 2006): 136. 9 Ibid., 129; Silke Meyer, “Trafficking in Human Organs in Europe,” European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law...

  13. Urban Land and Housing Markets in the Punjab, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David E. Dowall; Peter Ellis

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    COCO COCO MAR MAR MAR MAR MAR MAR MAR MAR MAR MAR SCL SMTSMTSMT SMT SMT SMT SMT SMT SMT SMT SMT SMT SMT SMT SMT Hercules

  14. Urban Land and Housing Markets in the Punjab, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David E. Dowall; Peter Ellis

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tehama Trinity Tulare Tuolumne Ventura Yolo Yuba CALIFORNIASan Diego Los Angeles, Ventura Riverside, San BernardinoSan Diego Los Angeles, Ventura Riverside, San Bernardino

  15. Afghanistan Pakistan High Resolution Wind Resource - Datasets - OpenEI

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTriWildcat 1AMEE JumpAeroWind Inc. Place:AerospatialeAffton,Datasets

  16. Pakistan-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcernsCompanyPCN Technology Jump to:PPLPacific

  17. U.S. - Pakistan Joint Press Statement | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2, 2015 -Helicopter Accident at RatonU.S. - China Energy Cooperation U.S. --

  18. Pakistan Council for Renewable Energy Technologies PCRET | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorthOlympiaAnalysis) Jump to:PUD NoPageInformation

  19. Pakistan-Technical Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorthOlympiaAnalysis) Jump to:PUDCompatibility

  20. Pakistan-Technical Assistance to PDMA Punjab in Incorporating Climate

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorthOlympiaAnalysis) Jump to:PUDCompatibilityCompatibility

  1. Green Biotech Solution Co, Pakistan | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating AGeothermal/Exploration <GlacialGoldenarticle is aGreat LakesGreenGreen

  2. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    House, D.  W.  (2006).  Biogas Handbook.  Alternative House term operation of a  small biogas/diesel dual?fuel engine generation with  biogas in Costa Rica.  Retrieved from 

  3. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    biogas  There have been a number of studies demonstrating the economic benefits that rural  users can attain through the incorporation of agricultural agricultural residues.  The system design costs and production values are  based on a recently constructed biogas 

  4. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy Supply  Reduction of fossil fuel subsidies  Taxes or fossil fuels   Feed?in tariffs for renewable energy technologies   Renewable energy quotas  Generation subsidies 

  5. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    elevated lifetime costs for both wind and solar.   Thus, benefits than wind and solar, whose lifetime costs are tied in the table, lifetime costs for  wind generation decrease 

  6. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    hybrid PV/diesel systems in isolated  regions.  Renewable hybrid systems require a careful technical and economic analysis to determine the optimal level  of renewable 

  7. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Oxford University Press.   Illindala, M. , Siddiqui, A. , Aeck, 2005; Illindala, Siddiqui,  Venkataramanan, & Marnay, 

  8. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    102   Kuznets Gini coefficients, and Kuznets  ratios were computed for Gini coefficients and Kuznets ratios were used in order to 

  9. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of income poverty, and  standard of living (cooking fuel, poverty metrics presented in Chapter 1.    Description of fixed parameters used in calculations  Diesel fuel 

  10. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in a need for battery  storage in order to capture the wind regime,  greater battery storage is needed.  Possible some quantity of battery storage capacity to minimize 

  11. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    household in India’s rural  electrification policy.  Oxford equitable access to rural electrification: current thinking Welfare Impact of Rural Electrification: A Reassessment of 

  12. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Wind turbine . have taken me from wind turbines to playing games with diesel plant capacity Wind turbine (class 2) Replace street 

  13. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    development, and understand  how an energy project could support local development discourse surrounding  renewable energy, as well as the importance of local 

  14. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    biogas digester .. Installation of a biogas digester  In order to demonstrate heat value of biogas production: 321 kWh.   The digester is 

  15. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    class 2) Replace street light sensors Solar PV Capital cost2) Replace street light sensors Solar PV Annual tariff class 2) Replace street light sensors Solar PV Table 6: 

  16. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    storage capacity in the battery bank.     Liters of diesel c  = 6.5 at 25m, and a battery bank with a nominal capacity would be  stored in a battery bank, and could then be fed 

  17. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    as education, health care, clean water, and electricity (education, depth and intensity of income poverty, and  standard of living (cooking fuel, toilet, water, electricity, 

  18. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Potential Role of Renewable  Energy in Meeting the Unlocking potential, reducing risk: renewable energy potential  benefits of conservation and renewable energy 

  19. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    climate change, and local economies:  Facilitating communication climate change, and local economies:  Facilitating communication 

  20. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    management   Renewable energy incentives or obligations  Renewable energy quotas  Generation subsidies  Provision of benchmark information  Performance standards   Subsidies, tax credits   Tradable permits   Voluntary agreements  Financial incentives (

  1. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    S.  D.  (2010).  Climate Change, Agriculture, and Poverty.  climate change will be most severe for billions of vulnerable populations,  especially those whose livelihoods are based on agriculture 

  2. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    relative to baseline diesel  generation supply and tariff the transition from diesel generation to  carbon?free rural of electricity from diesel generation can be  saved at an 

  3. Politecnico di Milano Area Risorse Umane e Organizzazione

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Mauritius, Messico, Monaco, Montenegro, Nicaragua, Nuova Zelanda, Panama, Paraguay, Saint Kitts e Nevis

  4. ISDA 2010, Montpellier 28-30 Juin 2010 PARTAGE DES CONNAISSANCES ENTRE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    desarrollo Rural y Social (CIPRES) Agencia de Las Segovias, Pueblo Nuevo, Nicaragua segoviasciprespn

  5. ACTUALIDADES SOBRE LA EPIDEMIOLOGA DE LA ENFERMEDAD DE CHAGAS EN MXICO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammerton, James

    insuficiencia cardiaca. En el Hospital Central de PEMEX en Salina Cruz, Oaxaca, el 85% de los casos de

  6. Vicious and Virtuous Cycles and the Role of External Non-government Actors in Community Forestry in Oaxaca and Michoacán, Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barsimantov, James A.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to parastatal timber companies were nearing expiration and aa stumpage fee to timber companies who implement forestcontracting to timber companies and private foresters, which

  7. Vicious and Virtuous Cycles and the Role of External Non-government Actors in Community Forestry in Oaxaca and Michoacán, Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barsimantov, James A.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    National de Ecologia, Mexico City. Wade, R. (1988). VillageCambridge. World Bank (1995). Mexico Resource ConservationYates, P. L. (1981). Mexico’s Agricultural Dilemma.

  8. Making migration safer Policy Message

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    : India, Kyrgyzstan, Nepal, Pakistan #12;.......................... Remittance economies in Asia Migration

  9. International Class Conflict: A Study of Nicaraguan Domestic Policy and United States Foreign Policy Related to the Counter-Revolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fullerton, John Daniel

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for counterrevolutionaries attempting Nicaragua's overthrow. The U.S. also exerted political, military and economic pressure to de-stabilize Nicaragua. The World Court condemned the U.S. in 1987 of violating the sovereignty of Nicaragua. It may be argued...

  10. Stratigraphic boundary problems: Permian and Triassic of West Pakistan. Edited by Bernhard Kummel and Curt Teichert

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    I. Gregory Sohn U.S. Geological Survey, Washington, D.C. Walter C. Sweet Department of Geology, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio Curt Teichert Department of Geology, The University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas Contents Preface Stratigraphy...

  11. Research Output from Pakistan This analysis takes into account the Publications from Pakistani Universities,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siddiqi, Sajjad Ahmed

    . Nuclear Institute of Agriculture & Biology, Faisalabad 41 60 6. National Institute of Biotechnology. University of Karachi 276 419 3. Aga Khan University 186 311 4. University of Agriculture, Faisalabad 252 310 & Technology 48 92 13. University of Arid Agriculture 49 87 14. University of Engineering & Technology, Lahore

  12. Settlements of Afghan refugees in Pakistan : an evaluation of conditions and identification of problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Azadzoi, Mahammad Najim

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis deals with the physical design of urban public housing projects. To meet the objectives stated in the preface, the following issues were addressed: The social hierarchy of the community; the administration of ...

  13. Taxonomic study on Capparidaceae and Cruciferae of W. Pakistan, Afghanistan, and N.W. Himalaya 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jafri, S. M. H.

    1954-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present work was taken up by me at the suggestion of Professor Sir William Wright Smith and has been done under the guidance and supervision of himself and Dr. P.H.Davis. Taxonomic studies have undergone considerable ...

  14. The Management of International Rivers as Demands Grow and Supplies Tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crow, Ben; Singh, Nirvikar

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    point, here we focus on India's policy of bilateralism, andRose, L. (1987). India's regional policy: nonmilitarypolicy interests by improving cooperation between India and

  15. The Management of International Rivers as Demands Grow and Supplies Tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crow, Ben; Singh, Nirvikar

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in the promotion of hydroelectric power is not known. Bothwas primarily focused on hydroelectric power coming from theirrigation and hydroelectric power generation schemes better

  16. Formation evaluation using wavelet analysis on logs of the Chinji and Nagri Formations, northern Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tanyel, Emre Doruk

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    with sand proportion curves. Although changes in the wavelet energy profile were much more distinct with respect to grain size, lithic boundaries' locations were not detected based solely on the total of the wavelet energies. The data were also analyzed...

  17. Mineralogical and Thermal Analyses of a Bangle Shard from Harrappa, an Indus Valley Settlement in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kayani, Saheeb Ahmed

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this research study we present initial results of a recent project in which mineralogical and thermal analysis were carried out on a terracotta bangle shard from Harrappa. We were surprised to find bentonite clay as the major constituent of the bangle shard. Also we have used knowledge of the mineralogical structure determined through X-ray diffraction and results of thermal analysis to predict value of firing temperature of the bangle shard.

  18. Mineralogical and Thermal Analyses of a Bangle Shard from Harrappa, an Indus Valley Settlement in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saheeb Ahmed Kayani; Rehan ul Haq Siddiqui

    2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In this research study we present initial results of a recent project in which mineralogical and thermal analysis were carried out on a terracotta bangle shard from Harrappa. We were surprised to find bentonite clay as the major constituent of the bangle shard. Also we have used knowledge of the mineralogical structure determined through X-ray diffraction and results of thermal analysis to predict value of firing temperature of the bangle shard.

  19. Local Conceptions of Food Security in Northern Pakistan: Issues of Scale 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamidi, Sarah

    2014-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

    and the South of the country. As part of the national development trends of the Pakistani government, these economic exchanges of food, combined with modernisation, should contribute to food security. Yet according to official surveys, food security is declining...

  20. Review and Status of Solid Waste Management Practices in Multan, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shoaib, Muhammad; Mirza, Umar Karim; Sarwar, Muhammad Avais

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    waste is also transported to landfill site near Shah Rukn-e-transportation of waste to landfill sites. For direct hauldispose off the waste at landfill site. Trolleys and dumpers

  1. Irfan Ullah Chaudhary Address: 47-D New Muslim Town, Lahore 54600, Pakistan.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    deuterides"(with P. L. Hagelstein, M. C. H. McKubre and F. Tanzalla) Current Trends in International Fusion (2008). 9. "Progress on phonon exchange models for excess heat in metal deuterides" Proceedings of ICCF

  2. An economic appraisal of the small and cottage industries in East Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zoha, Syed Shamsuz

    1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    'cqm--Zcx, ". ;. ~ aors; 'cottage M@se't~'e'e-'~:om'. , s@ciearak IUK4, 8, e . . . . e . ~ pw 2 3;s '3. 5- ' $8' ~, "8?64I$8$48":, 'g~@89$8, " QC' glOpQ484168', "CQ "XCM'q". -', , '34%68. "~ @Mes'Sate: aeat1eh. . of. ebs yajiv~a4ijm;. '9, s absigbe4 Le hmj12. - SG8X8...Lee@. :, Nx@. aje. ga gao6; 4e~:: bg-;- . ';, -' . -', ~j. -ste, '1. :, . . . , "?'?%@5k ~6" Xvoxj'' WN]c=. ?. ~e'. -~. 'ya04aa~a ' af-. -'&~Xe'-" '. =, -, =:=, eat4. o1ee fog, @oaaat$o . awe to, the . aoeatTgotiey: og 3'~e;-g5vem. . beats. '- Sect:. I...

  3. Conceptual problems of national income accounting in underdeveloped countries with emphasis on Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chowdhury, Abdur Rashid

    1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of changes in output, income and expenditures of the major sectors. Pinally, one is enabled by these means to study the responses of various economic groups to different conditions over a given time period. National income estimates are, therefore... followed Petty in the late seventeenth century, was considered to be the first scientific estimator of national income. His estimates included national income, national expenditure, and national savings, as well as the distributi. on of these aggregates...

  4. A proposed college level teacher-training program in agricultural education for East Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Moslehuddin

    1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PQRKQBTURR, "%- THi? UNXYED BMTMs At the time ef' the~ssage cf the Fedeiei Act~ 13Nle instrugMen on college level teacher-training was given th M~iroes whereas it' was ~ff&5~-with xdxita=tauw~s? Nor Megr45sx- ~M= thQ W@4?QLCiQQ. -~ fus po. "gt~~:pgQ@k g... extension soak en the sub-division arid higher. 2-- Agxicultxxxal xeseaech woxk in the dUfszent linies ef epeeisl- search and education branch of the Mx'actor'ats of Agxieultuxe? 'a'gx4eultv'gsl;sduosti~ , though . the agxiqu3, tm'al q~en'-sesylce. ie...

  5. Learning from the Past, Looking to the Future: Modeling Social Unrest in Karachi, Pakistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olson, Jarrod; Kurzrok, Andrew J.; Hund, Gretchen; Fagley, Erik M.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Social unrest represents a major challenge for policy makers around the globe, as it can quickly escalate from small scale disturbances to highly public protests, riots and even civil war. This research was motivated by a need to understand social instability and to unpack the comments made during a spring 2013 conference hosted by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory’s Center for Global Security and the U.S. Institute for Peace, where policymakers noted that models considering social instability are often not suitable for decision-making. This analysis shows that existing state level models of instability could be improved in spatial scale to the city level, even without significantly improved data access. Better data would make this analysis more complete and likely improve the quality of the model. Another challenge with incorporating modeling into decision-making is the need to understand uncertainty in a model. Policy makers are frequently tasked with making decisions without a clear outcome, so characterization of uncertainty is critical. This report describes the work and findings of the project. It took place in three phases: a literature review of social stability research, a “hindsight scan” that looked at historical data, and a “foresight scan” looking at future scenarios.

  6. Review and Status of Solid Waste Management Practices in Multan, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shoaib, Muhammad; Mirza, Umar Karim; Sarwar, Muhammad Avais

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bones Metals Textile Wood Composting Community Developmentestablished a solid waste composting plant as a theme ofwaste sorting and composting plant, which was manufactured

  7. Ethnicity and habitat : a comparison of indigenous and Afghan migrant settlements in Quetta, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rab, Samia

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis is a brief study of factors influencing the domestic built form in the context of ethnicity and migration. At the beginning of the research it was assumed that the theme of built form is a clear manner of ...

  8. Picking up the pieces : transitional shelters for disaster relief in the northern mountainous regions of Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Weifeng Victoria

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis seeks to tackle a complex problem - disaster housing relief - from the angle of architecture design discipline and attempts to find a logical approach to solve such a problem via an in depth examination of a ...

  9. In search of appropriate architecture : a jamat khana in Hunza, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pirani, Khalil Karim

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In today's world of technological advancement, communication has become easier than ever before. This, along with its benefits, has inflicted severe blows to architecture in developing nations. Concepts have been imitated ...

  10. Review and Status of Solid Waste Management Practices in Multan, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shoaib, Muhammad; Mirza, Umar Karim; Sarwar, Muhammad Avais

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Resource Center. (2004). Solid waste management study,in management of liquid and solid waste, Multan City, JuneReview and Status of Solid Waste Management Practices in

  11. Evolution and dynamics of a fold-thrust belt: the Sulaiman Range of Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reynolds, Kirsty; Copley, Alex; Hussain, Ekbal

    2015-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

    earthquakes (Szeliga et al. 2009) (solid yellow circles on Fig. 3a). The mechanism of the 1931 Sharigh event is not known (Quittmeyer & Jacob 1979). Remeasurement of a levelling line, together with structural interpretation of seismic reflection data suggests... that the seismic deformation in the range is concentrated in the thick pile of sediments overlying the underthrusting lithosphere of the Indian subcontinent. The slip vectors of the earthquakes vary in strike around the margin of the range, in tandem with the shape...

  12. Irrigation-suitability land classification of the Rechna Doab in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rehman, Gauhar

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . So the practice of providing only additional water f?r reclamati&m is wasting precious irrigation resources. Low salinity level requires very little water for h aching and the soil vrould improve by application of gypsum. Reclamation Programs...&&n in irrigation and soil water (as propos&. d by Ifhoades, (19i2)), has b&. en included in the models constraint set. The use of this model facilitates planning deci- sions like quantities and locations of all resource inputs, mixing ratios bet&veen different...

  13. The burden of stroke and transient ischemic attacks in Pakistan: a community-based prevalence study.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamal, Ayeesha Kamran; Itrat, Ahmed; Murtaza, Muhammed; Khan, Maria; Rasheed, Asif; Ali, Amin; Akber, Amna; Akber, Zainab; Iqbal, Navaid; Shoukat, Sana; Majeed, Farzin; Saleheen, Danish

    2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    /she admitted? 7.18 Was the deceased hypertensive? 7.19 Was his/her blood pressure under control ( cough...

  14. Review and Status of Solid Waste Management Practices in Multan, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shoaib, Muhammad; Mirza, Umar Karim; Sarwar, Muhammad Avais

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in management of liquid and solid waste, Multan City, JuneResource Center. (2004). Solid waste management study,The secondary data on solid waste and its management aspects

  15. A proposed college level teacher-training program in agricultural education for East Pakistan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Moslehuddin

    1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PQRKQBTURR, "%- THi? UNXYED BMTMs At the time ef' the~ssage cf the Fedeiei Act~ 13Nle instrugMen on college level teacher-training was given th M~iroes whereas it' was ~ff&5~-with xdxita=tauw~s? Nor Megr45sx- ~M= thQ W@4?QLCiQQ. -~ fus po. "gt~~:pgQ@k g... extension soak en the sub-division arid higher. 2-- Agxicultxxxal xeseaech woxk in the dUfszent linies ef epeeisl- search and education branch of the Mx'actor'ats of Agxieultuxe? 'a'gx4eultv'gsl;sduosti~ , though . the agxiqu3, tm'al q~en'-sesylce. ie...

  16. The Management of International Rivers as Demands Grow and Supplies Tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crow, Ben; Singh, Nirvikar

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    special issue of Water Nepal, 4, 1, September. Haddad,and its subsequent impacts in Nepal, India and China.Katmandu: WWF Nepal Country Program. Kathmandu Post (2005).

  17. Secretary Bodman and Pakistan Officials Hold High-Level Energy Meeting |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO Overview OCHCO OverviewRepository |Complex" at Los AlamosNeed for a

  18. Pakistan-GTZ Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Promotion | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorthOlympiaAnalysis) Jump to:PUD

  19. Drug Trafficking Organizations and Counter-Drug Strategies in the U.S.-Mexican Context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Astorga, Luis; Shirk, David A.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the Yucatán peninsula (Campeche, Quintana Roo, and Yucatán),Luis Potosi 28 Tlaxcala 29 Campeche 30 BC Sur 31 Oaxaca 32

  20. The Mexican Common Property Forestry Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antinori, Camille M.; Rausser, Gordon C.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    de Michoacan, Oaxaca, Campeche y Quintana Roo. Technicalforested states in Mexico: Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua,n=90 n=176 n=3177 Total CAMPECHE CHIAPAS CHIHUAHUA DURANGO

  1. Three Essays on Institutional Reforms in Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beleche, Trinidad

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Average South-East Campeche Chiapas Guerrero Oaxaca QuintanaTlaxcala Queretaro and Campeche had not adopted the PenalBaja California Sur Campeche Coahuila Colima* Chiapas

  2. CROP SCIENCE, VOL. 52, JULYAUGUST 2012 1721 Beans of the genus Phaseolus are considered a priority target

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gepts, Paul

    , and minerals for farmers and consumers around the world, and especially in Mesoamerica where Phaseolus beans Distribution of Farmer-managed Phaseolus Bean Plantings: An Example from a Village in Oaxaca, Mexico Margaret a community in the Sierra Juárez, Oaxaca, Mexico, in managing Phaseolus bean diversity in their fields. We

  3. atleta na sociedade: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    equipamento docente a Nicaragua Achdego en Biolox-a dunha nova especie para a ciencia Repsol cede internacional sobre o xenoma Premio da Sociedade de Biotica para unha...

  4. anual da sociedade: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    equipamento docente a Nicaragua Achdego en Biolox-a dunha nova especie para a ciencia Repsol cede internacional sobre o xenoma Premio da Sociedade de Biotica para unha...

  5. acerca da sociedade: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    equipamento docente a Nicaragua Achdego en Biolox-a dunha nova especie para a ciencia Repsol cede internacional sobre o xenoma Premio da Sociedade de Biotica para unha...

  6. Wildlife Sustainability and Human Food Security in Cameroon, Central Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weinbaum, Karen Zohar

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and people's future. Environmental Conservation 30:71-78.Reserve, Nicaragua. Environmental Conservation 35:211-220.and people's future. Environmental Conservation 30:71-78.

  7. Adjustment patterns to commodity terms of trade shocks: the role of exchange rate and international reserves policies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua; Edwards, Sebastian; Riera-Crichton, Daniel

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay and Venezuela. The data insuch as Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay, with statisticallyNicaragua, Peru and Uruguay suffer real depreciations after

  8. V o l u m e 1 6 , F a l l 2 0 0 1m e 1 6 , F a l lF a llm e 1 6 , F a l l Neighbors in Need

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collett Jr., Jeffrey L.

    Ultraviolet-B Radiation Measurements and Research................................................8 Members imagery and products available to the surrounding six Cen- tral American countries (Panama, Nicaragua

  9. Real exchange rate and international reserves in an era of growing financial and trade integration*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua; Riera-Crichton, Daniel

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Korea Lesotho Malawi Malaysia Malta Mexico Morocco NicaraguaLesotho Malawi Malaysia Malta Mexico Terms of Trade Terms ofLesotho Malawi Malaysia Malta Mexico Morocco Netherlands New

  10. Adjustment patterns to commodity terms of trade shocks: the role of exchange rate and international reserves policies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua; Edwards, Sebastian; Riera-Crichton, Daniel

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in our sample: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia,In our sample, only Bolivia displays a negative andcurrency. In effect, only Bolivia and Nicaragua show

  11. Experiences from the Danish "Climate and Development Action Programme"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and water provision, infrastructure, energy and health. The Danish Minister for Development Cooperation, Ms, Bolivia, and Nicaragua. Approach The Danish "Climate and Development Action Programme" follows

  12. 81921Federal Register / Vol. 75, No. 249 / Wednesday, December 29, 2010 / Rules and Regulations 252.2257044 Balance of Payments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, or Uzbekistan. ``SC/CASA state construction material'' means, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, or Uzbekistan. SC/CASA state construction

  13. The political economy of labor market liberalization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choung, Jinhee Lee

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    with domestic production. Kyrgyzstan (1998), Taiwan (1999),Korea Croatia Tunisia Greece Kyrgyzstan Netherlands PakistanKorea Croatia Tunisia Greece Kyrgyzstan Netherlands Pakistan

  14. A comparative study of the systems of marketing eggs in the United States and in East Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alam, Khurshid

    1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Chain Stores & Supermarkets Decentralized System of Marketing of Eggs & Poultry Decentralized Egg Market Reduction in Retailing Cost & Saving in Marketing Cost Process of Decentralization Perfected Modern Channels of Distribution Movement oi... price bulletins 17 are circulated in a limited fashion. The price bulletins are issued in English which limits their distribution. Wholesalers and commission agents keep themselves comparatively well informed about prices by telephone and telegraph...

  15. A limited survey of electrical distribution practices in the U.S.A. with possibilities of adaptability in Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Islam, Nazrul

    1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Evaluations VI ~ ECONONIC TRENDS IN THE USE OF ALIMINDN BS eo Conductors 80 covered snd Insulated conductors Connectors Conductor Entertain es Copper Cadaiua Copper steel-Cored Aluninua 67 47 VII, VOLTAOE CONL'ROL, POSER FACTOR CORREC1'IONS... costs, and various other expenses necessary in delivering the material to the gob. American practice has shown that material savings may be made by using bare conductor of high tensile strength. By omitting the weatherproof covering commonly used...

  16. Bangladesh Liberation War, 1971 By: Alburuj Razzaq Rahman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nahar, Sultana Nurun

    of Hindus. Pakistan had two parts, East and West, which were separated by about 1,000 miles. East Pakistan cyclone hit East Pakistan in 1970. It was called the Bhola Cyclone. It killed about 500,000 people wrought by the cyclone. This caused enormous misery in East Pakistan. The War The Awami League, led

  17. CAPACITIES 2012 annexes 1 -3 WORK PROGRAMME 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Cindio, Fiorella

    * · Cuba LM · Pakistan L WESTERN · Dominica UM · Philippines LM BALKAN - AFRICAN · Dominican Rep. LM · Sri

  18. Muslim Women at a Crossroads: Gender and Development in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Cindy

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    8    Yr 2000  Yr 2008  Kyrgyzstan  Uzbekistan  Pakistan China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan, the

  19. Leviathan in the Tropics? : environment, state capacity, and civil conflict in the developing world

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hendrix, Cullen Stevenson

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pakistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan)Georgia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania,

  20. Pool Party TheELIWeekly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    Dominican Republic Ecuador Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Nigeria Pakistan Qatar Saudi Arabia Senegal

  1. Farmers' Subjective Valuation of Subsistence Crops: The Case of Traditional Maize in Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arslan, Aslihan; Taylor, J. Edward

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    genetica del maiz en Mexico. Programa de Estudios del Cambioin lowland tropical Mexico. World Development, 34(1):113–Central Valleys of Oaxaca, Mexico. Human Ecology, 34(2):249–

  2. TEMPLATE DESIGN 2008 www.PosterPresentations.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amin, S. Massoud

    : Austria Burundi China Germany Guatemala Haiti Nicaragua Norway South Korea The following types international students to American camping culture ·Connects students across colleges, majors and disciplines ·Introduces foundations of intercultural competency, which leads to more successful integration into the wider

  3. Countries with Estimated or Reported Tuberculosis Incidence, 2009 "High Incidence" areas are defined as areas with reported or estimated incidence of 20 cases per 100,000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, Lawrence C.

    are defined as areas with reported or estimated incidence of 20 cases per 100,000 population Afghanistan Cook China India Namibia Sri Lanka Colombia Indonesia Nepal Sudan Comoros Iraq Nicaragua Suriname Congo Japan

  4. Encyclia chloroleuca (Orchidaceae: Laeliinae) reported for Panama Katia Silvera1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    , Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Suriname. It is also present in Mexico, Belize, and Nicaragua (G. Carnevali alt. CONSERVATION STATUS. Encyclia chloroleuca has a wide distribution but populations are limited

  5. Phylogeny and comparative phylogeography of Sclerurus (Aves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cuervo, Andrés

    constant and cryptic diversification in an old radiation of rain forest understorey specialists Fernando M (e.g. Nicaragua Depression, Isthmus of Panama, Andean Cordillera, great rivers of Amazonia

  6. Design of fuel efficient brick kiln for ceramic water filter firing in Ghana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adjorlolo, Eric (Eric James Kofi)

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ceramic water filters are currently produced in Ghana in order to provide a household solution to contaminated water. These filters, locally branded with the name Kosim filter by originating from Potters for Peace-Nicaragua, ...

  7. Twentieth Century Nicaraguan Protest Poetry: The Struggle for Cultural Hegemony

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kincaid, Kenneth R.

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    campesina de Solentíname (1980) , Poesía de la nueva Nicaragua: talleres populares de poesía (1983) , Fogata en la oscurana: Los talleres de poesía en la alfabetización (1985) shed light on the methodology of the cultural democratization projects...

  8. Volume XVII, Issue 2 Winter 2013 PSP Weekend.....................p.4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    conditions at the dump for very little money. Nica HOPE provides supplies and support for children children, dirty and lacking proper Nicaragua con't from page 1 Stephen Buell, CSOM'15, expresses the group

  9. 5-12-2013 pag. 2 Erasmus Mundus Action 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Einmahl, Uwe

    · Brazil, Argentina, Honduras, El Salvador, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Chile, Mexico, Colombia, Cuba, China: travel, health, accident · Travel costs: 1 return ticket · Tuition fee paid by project if mobility 10 you go? ­ Cambodia: Royal University of Agriculture ­ China: Nanjing University ­ China: Peking

  10. National Identities in Central American in a Comparative Perspective: The Modern Public Sphere and the Celebration of Centennial of Central American Independence September 15, 1921

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fumero-Vargas, Ana Patricia

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In each of the Central American countries, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica, the degree of development of the public sphere and political practices determined the way in which national identity ...

  11. abidjan cote divoire: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    768 OMAN 2 COLOMBIA 78 PAKISTAN 95 COSTA RICA 16 PANAMA 23 COTE D'IVOIRE Y3 PARAGUA 1 CROATIA 5 PAKISTAN 5 COLOMBIA 5 162 PANAMA COSTA RICA 10 PARAGUAY 1 COTE D'IVOIRE 12 PERU 0...

  12. Beyond the traditional : a new paradigm for Pakistani schools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quadri, Mahjabeen, 1977-

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pakistan's greatest resource is its children, but only a small percentage of them make it through primary school. Pakistan needs to improve its literacy rate if it hopes to transition from a developing to a developed ...

  13. A shipping crate from the 1865 California shipwreck Brother Jonathan: hardware from the Russell and Erwin Manufacturing Company

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sowden, Carrie Elizabeth

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    of the Problem ????????????.3 Outline ????????????????????...5 II THE HISTORY OF THE BROTHER JONATHAN ??????. 8 The Beginning ?????????????????.. 8 The Panama Route ???????????????? 11 The Nicaragua Route ??????????????? 15 San... different trade routes during its history. It was built for the California gold rush, but it worked on both sides of the Panama and Nicaragua isthmus. After the initial California gold rush was over, it traded coastally from San Diego to Vancouver Island...

  14. World Institute for Nuclear Security Workshop at Y-12 Brings...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Indonesia, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Malaysia, Mexico, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, South Africa, Spain, Taiwan, The Netherlands, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United...

  15. Paleogene Larger Benthic Foraminiferal Stratigraphy and Facies distribution: implications for tectonostratigraphic evolution of the Kohat Basin, Potwar Basin and the Trans Indus Ranges (TIR) northwest Pakistan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmad, Sajjad

    2011-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Thick Paleogene sequences occur in the southern deformed fold and thrust belt of the Himalayas. In this thesis I describe detailed litho- and biostratigraphy from ten key stratigraphic sections in the Kohat Basin, the ...

  16. From medical relief to community health care: A case study of a Non-Governmental Organisation (Frontier Primary Health Care) in North West Frontier Province, Pakistan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patterson, Margaret Madeline

    This case study is designed to answer the question whether refugees can make a positive contribution to host countries, not simply as individual participants in economic activity, but by contributing to welfare. The ...

  17. The world is established through the work of existence : the performance of Gham-Khadi among Pukhtun Bibiane in Northern Pakistan.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmed, Amineh A

    2004-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

    , Saira Humayun, and Abida Khan, Mrs Marium Faridullah Khan, Mrs Qadir Khan Hod, Pinny Hod, Afshan Toru, Nadia Toru, and Dr. Shahin Habibullah. I am grateful to all the other people whose names I am unable to mention here but who allowed me to lift... bungalow, "raydoo" from radio, and TV). I have tried to capture this linguistic diversity in people's everyday conversations throughout this thesis. Figure 3- Pukhto-speaking regions are indicated by the light-, grey shade xii GLOSSARY abay...

  18. Search aaj.tv WebAaj TV Online -Pakistan Ki Awaz Home News Programme Schedule Corporate Distribution Downloads Archive Contact Us

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lovley, Derek

    into electricity, according to the latest research. University of Massachusetts researchers isolated bacteria of Geobacter sulfurreducens which they called KN400 that grew prolifically on the graphite anodes of fuel cells. The bacteria formed a thick bio-film on the anode surface, which conducted electricity. The researchers found

  19. Improved confidence in (U-Th)/He thermochronology using the laser microprobe: An example from a Pleistocene leucogranite, Nanga Parbat, Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyce, J. W.

    The newly developed laser microprobe (U-Th)/He thermochronometer permits, for the first time, the ability to generate precise (U-Th)/He cooling ages for even very young (<1 Ma) samples with a spatial resolution on the order ...

  20. For permission to copy, contact editing@geosociety.org 2003 Geological Society of America 1265

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Long, Bernard

    . Early-Middle Miocene paleodrainage and tectonics in the Pakistan Himalaya Yani Najman Department Imran Khan Sedimentary Geology Division, Geological Survey of Pakistan, Sariab Road, Quetta, Pakistan ABSTRACT The 18­14 Ma Kamlial Formation Hi- malayan foreland basin sedimentary rocks in the Chinji Village

  1. Carbon and Nitrogen Cycling in a Tree - Grass Inter-Cropping System in the Humid Tropics of Mexico. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hernandez-Daumas, Salvador

    in Oaxaca, Mexico, where increases in productivity are limited by shortage of capital and where the tree component would be used as green manure. It is difficult to investigate the effectiveness of such a system by only using conventional field trials. I...

  2. TAMAO POBLACIONAL Y ALIMENTACIN DE LA NUTRIA DE RO (LONTRA LONGICAUDIS ANNECTENS)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nacional Autónoma de México, Universidad

    .9%), insectos (9.8 ± 7.6%) y anfibios (4.0 ± 3.3%). Respecto a la biomasa consumida, la presa principal fue entre la biomasa consumida y la abundancia de las presas. La abundancia de las presas está determinada. Palabras clave: Lontra longicaudis, abundancia, dieta, biomasa, río, Oaxaca. ABSTRACT The neotropical river

  3. Renewable Energy & Sustainability Prof. Martin J. (Mike) Pasqualetti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhoads, James

    Oil reserve security Fossil fuel prices Global temperatures Need for self-sufficiency Conventional #12;Present Energy Sources (like oil) are not Sustainable Reality #3 #12;Source: Adapted from M. King to Love the Energy from Wind Power #12;Source: NREL/TP-500-34519 Wind in Oaxaca, Mexico M.J. Pasqualetti

  4. Estimate of shear wave velocity, and its time-lapse change, from seismic data recorded at the SMNH01 station of KiK-net using seismic interferometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snieder, Roel

    , Golden, Colorado, USA d Instituto Mexicano del Petro´leo, Eje Central La´zaro Ca´rdenas Norte 152´z-Alema´n d a Centro Interdisciplinario de Investigacio´n para el Desarrollo Integral Regional, Instituto Polite´cnico Nacional, Hornos 1003, Santa Cruz Xoxocotla´n, Oaxaca, Me´xico b Instituto de Ingenieri

  5. Influence of pump-phase fluctuations on entanglement generation using a correlated spontaneous-emission laser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qamar, Shahid; Xiong, Han; Zubairy, M. Suhail

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , Islamabad, Pakistan 2Institute for Quantum Studies and Department of Physics, Texas A& M University, College Station, Texas 77843, USA 3Texas A&M University at Qatar, Education City, P.O. Box 23874, Doha, Qatar #1;Received 12 July 2006; published 6 June... as shown in Fig. 1 in which atoms interact with the two modes of the *Permanent address: Department of Physics and Applied Math- ematics, Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Nilore, Islamabad, Pakistan. Electronic address: shahid...

  6. Atom localization and center-of-mass wave-function determination via multiple simultaneous quadrature measurements RID A-5077-2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evers, Joerg; Qamar, Shahid; Zubairy, M. Suhail

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Technology, G-5, Islamabad, Pakistan 2Max-Planck-Institut f?r Kernphysik, Saupfercheckweg 1, D-69117 Heidelberg, Germany 3Institute for Quantum Studies and Department of Physics, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843, USA 4Texas A&M University...: Department of Physics and Applied Math- ematics, Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Nilore, Islamabad 45650, Pakistan. Electronic address: shahid#1;qamar@pieas.edu.pk ?Electronic address: zubairy@physics.tamu.edu PHYSICAL REVIEW A 75...

  7. The banana industry in Costa Rica: the effects of a single European market for bananas in 1992

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esquivel, Mario

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and to make available a broader base of common knowledge. Caaha Bim Costa Rica is a small country located in Central America between Panama and Nicaragua (10 degrees North Latitude and 84 degrees west longitude). It borders to the North with Nicaragua..., to the South with Panama, to the East with the Atlantic Ocean, and to the West with the Pacific Ocean (Figure 2). Its land area is 19, 730 square miles (51, 100 square kilometers) which is about the size of West Virginia. Its population was estimated...

  8. Essays in Open Economy Monetary Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Castro, Pedro

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Croatia Jordan Denmark Kazakhstan Dominican Republic EgyptJamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Latvia Lebanon MauritiusEgypt India Jordan Kazakhstan Pakistan Russia Tunisia

  9. Towards an Intellectual Property Bargaining Theory: The Post-WTO Era

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benoliel, Daniel; Salama, Bruno

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    since January 29, 1996, Kazakhstan has been unsuccessful inId. Id. Id. Id, NTE – Kazakhstan. TOWARDS AN INTELLECTUALthe matter. 328 Argentina, Kazakhstan, and Pakistan, three

  10. JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [March 14, 1988

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1988-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear developments of the following countries: Libya, India, Pakistan, Soviet Union, Austria, Federal Republic of Germany, and Finland.

  11. The power of the family

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alesina, Alberto; Giuliano, Paola

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    republic of croatia armenia kyrgyzstan republic of moldovapakistan egypt peru kyrgyzstan macedonia, republic of vietspain romania pakistan kyrgyzstan ireland bulgaria chile

  12. JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [February 29, 1988

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1988-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear developments of the following countries: Canada, Yugoslavia, Argentina, Brazil, India, Pakistan, Soviet Union, Federal Republic of Germany, Hong Kong, and Japan.

  13. Biological controls investigated to aid management of olive fruit fly in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Madagascar), the Canary Islands, Morocco, Pakistan, Indiain Morocco and the Canary Islands, parasitism rates wereand Gilstrap 1983) Canary Islands and, given the diversity

  14. The power of the family

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alesina, Alberto; Giuliano, Paola

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Republic Latvia Belgium Uruguay Netherlands Australia CanadaAustria Canada Ireland Uruguay Portugal Singapore HungaryMexico Pakistan France Uruguay Ukraine Spain Italy Poland

  15. afghanistan war coverage: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3 Saudi Arabia Afghanistan Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: India Iran Saudi Arabia Pakistan Yemen Iraq Oman Somalia Afghanistan Ethiopia United Arab Emirates...

  16. afghanistan introducing population: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    7 Saudi Arabia Afghanistan Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites Summary: India Iran Saudi Arabia Pakistan Yemen Iraq Oman Somalia Afghanistan Ethiopia United Arab Emirates...

  17. Risky neighbors and co-ethnic groups : the political logic of fiscal grants in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeong, Jihyeon; Jeong, Jihyeon

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Resistance in Inner Mongolia, China. Asian Ethnicity 12(Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia,in Tibet, Xinjiang and Inner Mongolia (Fravel, 2010; Dreyer,

  18. Terrestrial Water Storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodell, M; Chambers, D P; Famiglietti, Jay

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    from Pakistan northeastward to Mongolia and parts of easterntal Monitoring, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia Parinussa, Robert M. ,eastern Siberia flowed into Mongolia and Kazakhstan along

  19. International reserves management and the current account

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mauritania Mauritius Moldova Mongolia Niger Nigeria PakistanMali Mauritania Moldova Mongolia Mozambique Myanmar NepalMauritius Mexico Moldova Mongolia Morocco Mozambique Namibia

  20. The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolp, Felicity Ann

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Honduras Hungary IcelandGuinea Papua New Guinea Haiti Mozambique Pakistan AppendixSierra Leone Bhutan Chad Haiti Ethiopia Niger Somalia

  1. Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universitt Bonn Institut fr Politische Wissenschaft und Soziologie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franz, Sven Oliver

    globale Entwicklung. Ein Positionspapier des BMZ. Bonn 2004. The policy paper of the Federal Ministry: China, India, Indonesia, Pakistan, Thailand, Egypt, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Nigeria, South Africa, Argentina

  2. LOCAL RUNUP AMPLIFICATION BY RESONANT WAVE INTERACTIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    wave-gage recordings from real tsunami simulations, are used as forcing conditions to the BVP. Resonant in enhanced runup of non-leading waves. The evolution of energy reveals the exis- tence of a quasi tsunamis (Nicaragua and Flores Island), measurements suggested that the shoreline receded before inundation

  3. Mission Day The Call to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carter, John

    knowledge and expertise on sustainability. #12;Our research Water research in Thailand Coffee waste water treatment in Nicaragua Garden- based education in the International District #12;The foods we enjoy... Bon Appétit buys local and organic whenever possible. The Farm to Fork program sources locally produced items

  4. Demographic and Social Predictors of Intimate Partner Violence in Colombia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, James Holland

    Demographic and Social Predictors of Intimate Partner Violence in Colombia A Dyadic Power, and Colombia (Flake and Forste 2006). In Peru, low educational attainment and early union formation increase-dominant decision-making was associated with higher risk of IPV in Nicaragua, Haiti, and Colombia. The welter

  5. 242 Herpetological Review 36(3), 2005 Herpetological Review, 2005, 36(3), 242244.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoebel, Gerlinde

    reported (Ovaska and Caldbeck 1997), as well as calls for the defense of retreat sites (Stewart and Rand Nicaragua to central Colombia (Lynch and Myers 1983), to date all available information on the vocalizations variation between populations was statistically sig- nificant I calculated Mann-Whitney's U-tests. Results

  6. 2013, Latin American Public Opinion Project www.AmericasBarometer.org

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bordenstein, Seth

    to be selected based on mutual consent. Both chambers of the Argentine legislature, as well as the legislature Paraguay Colombia Dom. Rep. Jamaica Bolivia Brazil Ecuador Chile Venezuela Nicaragua Honduras Panama;© 2013, Latin American Public Opinion Project www.AmericasBarometer.org A statistical analysis

  7. Electromagnetic detection of plate hydration due to bending faults at the Middle America Trench

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Constable, Steve

    images show that the extensive network of trench parallel normal faults penetrates the entire oceanic bending faults on the incoming oceanic plate of the Middle America Trench offshore Nicaragua have been observed to penetrate to mantle depths, suggesting a permeable pathway for hydration of the crust

  8. SmartConnect: Data connectivity for peripheral health facilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Richard

    : Solar Panels (not in use) 6/15/2010 17NSDR 2010 #12;Nicaragua Public Health System · Health Post for SMS connectivity · Cellular connectivity is reaching remote areas · Relatively low cost for 161-visit · Target facilities with vaccine storage ­ Grid power or solar power ­ Associate the device

  9. Certified Tropical Hardwood Product Markets in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    seminars in Latin America 2005 ·Peru ·Brazil ·Columbia ·Ecuador ·Costa Rica ·Panama ·Nicaragua ·Bolivia Products Marketing Program Louisiana Forest Products Development Center School of Renewable Natural-cutting practices in North America. Photo: Richard Vlosky Photo: Geo-Images Univ. Cal. Berkeley #12;Generalized

  10. Curriculum Vitae Name: Matin QAIM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krivobokova, Tatyana

    in Developing Countries · Rural Development Policy Country Experience Extended research stays and/or project experience in Argentina, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Mexico, Nicaragua, Philippines, Tanzania, Thailand, USA, Vietnam Awards and Honors · Excellence Award 2011 for Policy-Oriented Development Research

  11. The Delaware Lahore Delhi Partnership for Peace Invites you to a luncheon featuring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cakoni, Fioralba

    .S. foreign policy. He entered the Foreign Service of the United States in 1985 and since then has served: United States business opportunities in India and Pakistan. United States-India and United States and India and Pakistan. The luncheon program will provide ample time for questions from the audience. #12

  12. Mitigating floods : reconstructing Lives : rehabilitating Thatta

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gul, Marium

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pakistan was struck by floods in July 2010, the effects of which left 20.36 million people affected and 1.9 million homes damaged or destroyed'. In the province of Sindh in Pakistan, most of the affected population of the ...

  13. Saudi Arabia Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Lynn

    India Iran Saudi Arabia Pakistan Yemen Iraq Oman Somalia Afghanistan Ethiopia United Arab Emirates Oman China Turkmenistan Turkey Tajikistan United Arab Emirates Kuwait Qatar Uzbekistan Eritrea Bahrain 02858 00707 #12;Iran Saudi Arabia Oman Pakistan AfghanistanIraq Yemen United Arab Emirates Kuwait Qatar

  14. Age, geochemical and SrNdPb isotopic constraints for mantle source characteristics and petrogenesis of Teru Volcanics,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Robert J.

    Age, geochemical and Sr­Nd­Pb isotopic constraints for mantle source characteristics and petrogenesis of Teru Volcanics, Northern Kohistan Terrane, Pakistan S.D. Khana,*, R.J. Sternb , M.I. Mantonb, University of Peshawar, Pakistan Accepted 21 April 2004 Available online 23 September 2004 Abstract

  15. Journal of the Geological Society, London, Vol. 154, 1997, pp. 935946, 8 figs, 3 tables. Printed in Great Britain Geochemical and isotopic constraints on subduction polarity, magma sources, and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stern, Robert J.

    in Great Britain Geochemical and isotopic constraints on subduction polarity, magma sources, and palaeogeography of the Kohistan intra-oceanic arc, northern Pakistan Himalaya M. ASIF KHAN1 , ROBERT J. STERN2, Pakistan 2 Center for Lithospheric Studies, University of Texas at Dallas, Box 830688, Richardson, TX 75083

  16. Middle-late Miocene ( 10 Ma) formation of the Main Boundary thrust in the western Himalaya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurapov, Alexander

    Ma in well-dated stratigraphic sections from Pakistan to Nepal across the Indo-Gangetic foreland derived from the hanging wall of the Main Boundary thrust indicates that source-area uplift and denudation thrust in the Kohat region of northwest Pakistan indicate that rapid cooling below 105 C between 8 and 10

  17. doi: 10.1130/G31087.1 2010;38;807-810Geology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Najman, Yani

    . (1996) first proposed that the deltaic and turbiditic sedimentary rocks in the Katawaz basin in Pakistan and Pakistan Katawaz Locating earliest records of orogenesis in western Himalaya: Evidence from Email alerting are increasingly being directed at Paleogene sedimentary rock located around the collision zone (e.g., Najman et al

  18. Updated: September 23, 2014 Majed Akhter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robeson, Scott M.

    , Pakistan). #12;2 Updated: September 23, 2014 RESEARCH PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL ARTICLES Published/In press, M. Infrastructure nation: Hydraulic regionalism and fractured state space in Pakistan. Under review and resubmitted, June 2014] In preparation Akhter, M. The long hydraulic partition of British India: Territory

  19. BIOLOGICAL AND MICROBIAL CONTROL Host Range Testing of Tamarixia radiata (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoddle, Mark S.

    ) Sourced From the Punjab of Pakistan for Classical Biological Control of Diaphorina citri (Hemiptera citrus psyllid, Diaphorina citri Kuwayama (Hemiptera: Liviidae), sourced from the Punjab of Pakistan 2008, Asian citrus psyllid, Diaphorina citri Kuwayama (Hemiptera: Liviidae), was detected for the Þrst

  20. Water Supply Challenges in Cities as a Result of Urbanization: Analyzing the Hurdles of Achieving Universal Water Access in Kampala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Felter, Greg

    2014-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

    is inevitable and therefore planning for such settlement should be undertaken by the government (Parikh and Parikh, 2009). 3.5. Environmental Impacts The pollution of Lake Victoria is a significant issue. Sanitation facilities lag behind potable water access... and Constraints of Sustainable Water Management in Oaxaca City, Mexico. Master of Philosophy. University of Cambridge. 14 SDI. 2011. Transforming the Settlements of the Urban Poor in Uganda. [report] Kampala: Slum Dwellers International, pp. 1-4. Ssemmanda...

  1. Ogmios 26

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ostler, Nicholas D M

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Jiménez will be trained by Mr Jesús Salinas at in the CELIAC facilities in Oaxaca, and will be materially and technically supported throughout the writing of his book on native myths. Silverio Audiffred (Nahuatl –Milpa Alta, Mexico) receives US$1... : Congress Rejects Bill to Protect Isolated Indians Survival International, 8 April 2005 Paraguay's Congress yesterday rejected a bill to protect the heartland of the last isolated Indians south of the Amazon basin. The decision leaves the Indians...

  2. Current Knowledge of Leishmania Vectors in Mexico: How Geographic Distributions of Species Relate to Transmission Areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gonzá lez, Camila; Rebollar-Té llez, Eduardo A.; Ibá ñ ez-Bernal, Sergio; Becker-Fauser, Ingeborg; Martí nez-Meyer, Enrique; Peterson, A. Townsend; Sá nchez-Cordero, Ví ctor

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , Lu. shannoni, Lu. panamensis , and Lu. ylephiletor , have recently been found infected with Leishmania mexicana in Campeche. 16, 17 Previous studies in Campeche documented Lu. o. olmeca as infected with Leishmania ; Lu. cruciata was also found... in Campeche (n = 86), Oaxaca (n = 47), and Quintana Roo (n = 40). In contrast, only single sampling localities were available for the states of Coahuila, Chihuahua, and Tamaulipas. The species most commonly obtained were Lu. cruciata (n = 102) and Lu...

  3. Extra Harmonic Vowel in Chicahuaxtla Trique

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matsukawa, Kosuke

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Extra Harmonic Vowel in Chicahuaxtla Trique1 Kosuke Matsukawa State University of New York at Albany 1. Introduction Chicahuaxtla Trique is spoken in Oaxaca, Mexico and belongs to the Trique language group of the Mixtecan family...). In Chicahuaxtla Trique, an extra harmonic vowel is added after a laryngealized vowel (either a glottalized vowel or an aspirated vowel) in a final syllable. The extra harmonic vowel does not exist in Copala Trique or Itunyoso Trique and is attached mostly...

  4. Reconstruction of an entangled state in a cavity via Autler-Townes spectroscopy RID A-4660-2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ikram, M.; Zubairy, M. Suhail.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Physics Division, Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology, P. O. Nilore, Islamabad, Pakistan. Reconstruction of an entangled state in Manzoor Ikram1,* an 1Department of Electronics, Quaid-i-Aza 2Department of Physics, Texas A&M U...-2947/2002/65~4!/044305~4!/$20.00 65 044305- cavity via Autler-Townes spectroscopy M. Suhail Zubairy1,2 m University, Islamabad, Pakistan y, College Station, Texas 77843 d 31 October 2001; published 4 April 2002! d state in a high-Q cavity from the spontaneous e two modes...

  5. Modeling Water, Climate, Agriculture, and the Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Winston

    Describes two models used in the integrated modeling framework designed to study water, climate, agriculture and the economy in Pakistan's Indus Basin: (1) the Indus Basin Model Revised (IBMR-1012), a hydro-economic ...

  6. Favre- and Reynolds-averaged velocity measurements: interpreting PIV and LDA measurements in combustion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamal, M. Mustafa; Balusamy, Saravanan; Zhou, Ruigang; Hochgreb, Simone

    2014-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

    apply in the particular situation. The present data can be made available by contacting the authors. Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank the University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar (Pakistan) and the University of Cambridge...

  7. The Royal Commonwealth Society Essay Competition archive: a treasure-trove for historians and teachers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rowe, Rachel

    2014-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

    or poems on the theme of 'Women as agents of change' – and prizes were won by children in Hong Kong, India, Kenya, Pakistan and Singapore. (Picture credit: Heather Balfour, submitted as covers for a tourist brochure in 1959) The competition...

  8. Homage to Frank von Hippel Remarks at the dinner culminating the WWS-Bulletin Symposium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    key country where nuclear weapons policy is alive: Russia, India, Pakistan, China, Japan, Brazil a country has a total of one person; India and Russia are large enough that there is more than one. The IPFM

  9. India’s Grand Strategy: Some Preliminary Thoughts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    HOYT, Timothy D.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    twenty-first century. India’s policies, however, appear toPakistan’s policies, which treats India as an imminent andchanging Indian policy, in general India is not yet willing

  10. Worldwide Status of Energy Standards for Buildings - Appendices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Janda, K.B.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of pakistan" Energy and Buildings 15-16 (199019] )'533 535in the IT S S R" Energy and Buildings (1990) 14· 401-409 "the IT 5 5 R " Energy and Buildings (1992) 3. Yu Matrosov "

  11. Review: Nuclear Power Is Not the Answer by Helen Caldicott

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mirza, Umar Karim

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Review: Nuclear Power Is Not the Answer By Helen CaldicottPakistan. Helen Caldicott. Nuclear Power Is Not the Answer.about the true costs of nuclear power, the health effects of

  12. Two Years in the Life of the Indus River Basin [book chapter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Winston

    Reviews the major challenges and current water and agriculture context, plans, and policies following difficult years of drought and catastrophic monsoon flooding in Pakistan's Indus Basin. The years from 2009 through 2011 ...

  13. M.C.Acreman,J.Fisher,C.J.Stratford,D.J.Mould and J.O.Mountford Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 11(1), 158169, 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    (OECD, 1996) but, through their biodiversity (Dugan, 1993), natural resources and buffering), the Indus delta in Pakistan (Meynell and Qureshi, 1995), the peat swamps of Indonesia (Maltby et al., 1996

  14. Phytologia (August 2008) 90(2)208 TAXONOMIC STUDY OF JUNIPERUS EXCELSA AND J.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Robert P.

    of J. polycarpos K. Koch. from Armenia, Kazakhstan, Pakistan and Turkmenistan has been examined using from Armenia, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan. Myrcene is a large component in the oils from Kazakhstan and Kazakhstan sites. Should thes

  15. JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [June 21, 1988

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1988-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear developments of the following countries: Canada, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Argentina, Brazil, Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Soviet Union, Belgium, France, Turkey, and the United Kingdom.

  16. JPRS report, nuclear developments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1991-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains articles concerning the nuclear developments of the following countries: (1) China; (2) Japan, North Korea, South Korea; (3) Bulgaria; (4) Argentina, Brazil, Honduras; (5) India, Iran, Pakistan, Syria; (6) Soviet Union; and (7) France, Germany, Turkey.

  17. JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [March 23, 1988

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1988-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear developments of the following countries: Canada, Hong Kong, Japan, Brazil, India, Pakistan, Soviet Union, Belgium, Federal Republic of Germany, Ireland, and United Kingdom.

  18. 9/18/09 2:30 PMYour Newz -LifeCoach: alternative activities for Labradors -Similar news Page 1 of 4http://www.yournewz.com/similar/12592136/2009/08/25/category=0/source=0/0/LifeCoach:+alternative+activities+for+Labradors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Temple, Blake

    ] Categories Arts and Culture (803) Movies (829) Television (749) Music (513) More categories... Automobiles as a potential alternative to its prison camps in Cuba. Pakistan Lifts Longtime Ban on Political Activities

  19. RECENT ADVANCES in HEAT and MASS TRANSFER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kostic, Milivoje M.

    Bashir Suleiman ,UNITED ARAB EMIRATES Dagmar Janacova, CZECH REPUBLIC Jonas Gylys, LITHUANIA Jurij Krope Ali Elghalban, PAKISTAN Andrejs Reinfelds, LATVIA Andris Buikis, LATVIA Asad Salem, UNITED STATES, UNITED STATES Milivoje Kostic, UNITED STATES Mohammadmasoud Azhdari moghaddam, IRAN Nenad Kazic

  20. JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [February 25, 1988

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1988-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear developments of the following countries: Canada, Nigeria, China, Japan, Argentina, Brazil, Jamaica, Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Egypt, Sudan, Ireland, France, Turkey, United Kingdom, and Federal Republic of Germany.

  1. The people in the city of the nation : re-viewing Islamabad's fifth function

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohr, Robert Allen

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis is about Islamabad's center. Islamabad is a city built from scratch. It was the "dream" of Ayub Khan-Pakistan's gregarious and globe-trotting general-cum-president-and the product of its chief master planner, ...

  2. Punjabi families in transition: an intergenerational study of fertility and family change 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhatti, Feyza

    2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pakistan, a late starter in fertility transition, has been experiencing a rapid fertility decline since 1990. Although existing research often presents patriarchal family systems as a major reason for the delay of the ...

  3. Impact assessment of hydroclimatic change on water stress in the Indus Basin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rasheed, Bilhuda

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ninety percent of Pakistan's agricultural output is produced in fields irrigated by the Indus basin irrigation system, the world's largest network of canals, dams, barrages and tubewells. River flows, primarily fed by snow ...

  4. Modeling Gene Regulatory Networks from Time Series Data using Particle Filtering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noor, Amina

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    the National University of Sciences & Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan, in 2006 and 2008, respectively. Her research interests include genomic signal processing, pattern recognition, and algorithm design. Ms. Noor may be reached at Department of Electrical...

  5. Sensitivity and Scenario Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Winston

    Presents the results of various scenarios using models used to study water, climate, agriculture and the economy in Pakistan's Indus Basin, and discusses the policy and investment implications. The water allocations per ...

  6. THE YOUNG ACADEMY MOVEMENT CTHB MEMBER PLAYS A LEADING ROLE IN THE GLOBAL YOUNG ACADEMY AND THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Nigeria, Pakistan, Sudan, Thailand and Uganda, all nations where the tolerance and rationality inherent than their older peers in interactions with society and with politicians. They also bring new energy

  7. www.princeton.edu/admission Profile 201213

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rowley, Clarence W.

    . At Princeton, we are committed to identifying students who possess the academic ability, energy, enthusiasm of Malaysia Mexico Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nigeria Pakistan Peru Poland Portugal Romania Singapore South

  8. Lessons Learned from Nonproliferation Successes and Failures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katz, Jonathan I.

    , Argentina, Brazil, South Africa, Libya, Syria) and fail- ures (USSR, France, China, India, Pakistan-off Treaty) is not verifiable without very intrusive inspections directed by accurate intel- ligence. Libya

  9. PUBLICLECTURE Thursday 6 December 2012 5.30 6.30pm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Botea, Adi

    , and the impact of agricultural research on poverty. She has conducted field work in Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka publications, including Collective Action and Property Rights for Poverty Reduction: Insights from Africa

  10. Fixing Failed States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoo, John

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Islands 15. Timor-Leste 16. Haiti 17. Sao Tome and PrincipePakistan 11. Ivory Coast 12. Haiti 13. Burma 14. Kenya 15.In Somalia, Rwanda, Haiti, and the former Yugoslavia, failed

  11. Trees (2007) 21:141150 DOI 10.1007/s00468-006-0104-0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    behavior in central Asian juniper trees has been forced by solar radiation variations controlled via cloud), Tibet (Br¨auning 1994; Br¨auning and Mantwill 2004), Nepal (Cook et al. 2003), Pakistan (Esper et al

  12. Opportunities exist for the diversion of weapons-usable material at the front end of the fuel cycle, during which

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    , North Korea, Pakistan, and South Africa. (South Africa abandoned its nuclear weapons in 1991. Libya of setting up its own enrichment or spent-fuel treat- ment facilities is enormous. Countries with a new

  13. 10 18 14 18 23,000 100 1,700

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    Integrated Human Studies/ Human and Environmental Studies 127 112 140 155 - - 70 46 Energy Science - - 128 Uruguay 1 Argentine 5 Chile 4 Bolivia 1 Peru 5 Ecuador 1 Colombia 3 Venezuela 2 Pakistan 6 India 27 Nepal

  14. 10 18 14 18 23,000 100 1,700

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    Studies 127 112 140 155 - - 70 46 Energy Science - - 128 128 - - 18 22 Asian and African Area Studies Bolivia 1 Peru 5 Ecuador 1 Colombia 3 Venezuela 2 Pakistan 6 India 27 Nepal 11 Bangladesh 15 Sri Lanka 4

  15. Processes and Forms of Alluvial Fans Terence C. Blair and John G. McPherson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -central Africa, the Middle East, Iran, Pakistan, India, China, and Mon- golia. The growth of fan research has increased in other arid and semi-arid regions, including in Peru, Argentina, Chile, southern Europe, east

  16. Diplomacy of the Tehuantepec Isthmian transit question, 1845-1904

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, James Carlyle

    1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Oceans. The controversial diplomacy leading to tlze acquisition of the Canal Zone, the construction of the Panama Canal, and the Nicaraguan transit rights, have all been examined in the most minute detail. There az. e several excellent monographic... in the shadows of the other main isthmian routes, Panama and Nicaragua. It has been the pzimary objective of this thesis to provide a detailed study of the Tehuantepec Isthmus question in the hope of bridging this one gap. The thesis has pointed out...

  17. A cross-national study of the pattern of modernization in the developing countries, 1965-75

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choi, Kwok-on Frankie

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    COUNTRIES? 1965 AND 1973 (IN U. S. $) Countries 1965" GNP Rank 1 973+? GNP Rank Venezuela Argentina Greece Uraguay Chile Spain Libya Jamaica Panama Mexico Lebanon Costa Rica Portugal Peru Nicaragua Guatemala Malaysia Ghana Colombia... Portugal Greece Kenya (white pop. only) Lebanon Iran Jordan C olombia Jamaica Libya Brazil Malaysia Uraguay Paraguay Peru Mexico Syria Egypt Iraq Sri Lanka Costa Rica Panama Guatemala Ecuador South Korea Ghana Ethiopia Turkey India...

  18. Intern experience at Walter P. Moore & Associates, consulting engineers: a report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arguello Carazo, Francisco Xavier, 1953-

    2013-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Engineering A Report by FRANCISCO XAVIER ARGUELLO CARAZO August 1979 A report on an Internship Experience at Walter P. Moore & Associates, Consulting Engineers. (August 1979) Francisco Xavier Arguello Carazo, C.E., National University of Nicaragua; M.... WEST LOOP OFFICE BUILDING........................ 10 b. BAY DESIGN GARAGE................................ 14 c. BLOCK 130, HOUSTON C E NTER........................ 17 d. TEN-TEN GARAGE INFORMATION........................ 20 2. Basis for Final...

  19. Mieux nourrir le monde:Mieux nourrir le monde: notre dfi l'internationalnotre dfi l'international

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laval, Université

    Appui institutionnel au centre Ivoirien de recherches économiques et sociales (CIRES) (COTE D'IVOIRE COOP�RATION Amérique du Nord (�tats-Unis, Mexique) Amérique du Sud (Brésil, Nicaragua, Argentine, Uruguay, Mexique, Cuba, Haïti) Afrique (Sénégal, Rwanda, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Congo, Niger, Mozambique, Malawi

  20. Conclusions about Niche Expansion in Introduced Impatiens walleriana Populations Depend on Method of Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mandle, Lisa; Warren, Dan L.; Hoffman, Matthias H.; Peterson, A. Townsend; Schmitt, Johanna; von Wettberg, Eric J.

    2010-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

    -range occurrences from Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe, and 100 naturalized occurrence points from Argentina, Australia, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Puerto Rico, United States...) Important bird area factsheet: Chirinda Forest, Zimbabwe: BirdLife International. 45. Espenak F, Anderson J (1999) Total Solar Eclipse of 2001 June 21. GreenbeltMD: NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. 46. United States Census Bureau (2002) Census 2000 U...

  1. South America, Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deal, C.

    1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Summaries of oil and gas drillings, well completions, production, exploratory wells, exploration activity and wildcat drilling were given for South America, Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico. The countries, islands, etc. included Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward and Windward Islands, Mexico, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, El Salvador, Surinam, Trinidad and Venezuela. 16 figures, 120 tables. (DP)

  2. `Home Away From Home:' Migrant Organizations and Transnational Politics Among Latin American Migrants in Spain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freudenburg, Kevin Michael

    2011-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

    , Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Peru, the Philippines, Portugal, and Uruguay. 3 Although the process of migration has never been... well be the catalyst for national political change, and at the very least may alter the political priorities of governments by focusing their energies abroad (Itzigsohn 2000). 19 In the case of Latin American migrants to Spain, their presence...

  3. Debt-repayment capacity and projected adjustments for irrigated farms with a declining water level in an area of the Texas High Plains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khan, Waliul Islam

    1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , 382 131 '2, 251 1 Source: Unpublished data developed by personnel of the Economi" Research Service, U. S. Department of Agriculture, for National Project FE9 ? 19, "Analysis of Agricultural Produc- tion Response. " Eight hours per day for December... . and lira. Eugene Lena and to other American and Pakistani friends and well wishcrs fo" their encouragement. The author is indebted to U. S. AID and Government of Pakistan, especially the Departmen of Agricul. ure, Gov znment of East Pakistan...

  4. Fundamental deterrence and START III

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, K.D.

    1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The public`s brief respite from the specter of nuclear holocaust abruptly ended in May 1998 when India, 24 years after its only successful nuclear weapon test, detonated five more just sixty miles from its border with Pakistan. Pakistan quickly declared itself a nuclear power and threatened tests of its own. Various capitals issued condemnations and an assortment of largely symbolic political and economic sanctions. India then proclaimed a moratorium on further testing and announced its willingness to accede to the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty as a declared nuclear power. Inevitably, India`s tests will prompt Pakistan and China to accelerate their own nuclear programs, to the detriment of regional stability in South Asia.

  5. A shipping crate from the 1865 California shipwreck Brother Jonathan: hardware from the Russell and Erwin Manufacturing Company 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sowden, Carrie Elizabeth

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    in either New York or New Orleans. Despite the name ?Express,? the trip to Chagres was not as fast as it implied. Before 1852, many of the steamers leaving from New York would make multiple stops prior to their arrival in Panama and Nicaragua...; these ports included the southern towns of Charleston, South Carolina, Savannah, Georgia, and Havana, Cuba (Kemble 1990:146). With every trip, even after 1852, steamers stopped at Kingston, Jamaica to refuel; this is where the Brother Jonathan took on more...

  6. Reforestation using Leucaena Luecocephala, Anacardium Occidentale and Tectona Grandis for Paquera, Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, Jane F

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    as representative of what an ideal country should be. Located between Nicaragua to the North and Panama to the South, (Figure 1) Costa Rica has had a longer history of democracy (over 100 years) than any other country in Central America and has become a haven... be applied because the Costa Rican constitution upholds the citizen's right to do whatever he pleases on his own land (15). figure 2 ])oforostation in Costa Rica: 1940-1)77 4I 0 4 PANAMA PA NAMA 0 V I IL 4 4 0 0 V U 4 IV 0 C 0 O 4J' 0...

  7. NickL's blog | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcerns Jump to:Neppelsource History ViewNextNicaragua:

  8. Niger-National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme (NAP-GSP) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcerns Jump to:Neppelsource History ViewNextNicaragua:Energy

  9. Nuclear World Order and Nonproliferation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Joeck, N

    2007-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The decision by India and Pakistan in May 1998 to conduct nuclear weapon tests and declare themselves as nuclear weapon states challenged South Asian regional stability calculations, US nonproliferation policy, and prevailing assumptions about international security. A decade later, the effects of those tests are still being felt and policies are still adjusting to the changed global conditions. This paper will consider non- and counter-proliferation policy options for the United States and Pakistan as they work as partners to prevent the transfer of nuclear technology and further nuclear proliferation.

  10. Theorizing September 11: Social Theory, History, and Globalization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kellner, Douglas

    2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    .) The Department of Social Thought & Research 18 Energy also estimates that the Caspian Sea region houses some 665 trillion cubic feet of natural gas, representing one-eight of the world’s gas reserves” (Klare 2001: 2). Moreover, “the untapped oil of the Caspian... to overthrow the Soviet- backed government in Afghanistan. Egypt’s Anwar Sadat was an early ally of the support for the Islamists against the Soviets and was repaid with assassination by fanatic Islamics in 1981. Pakistan’s president, Zia al-Haq, whose secret...

  11. Entangled radiation via a Raman-driven quantum-beat laser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qamar, Sajid; Al-Amri, M.; Qamar, Shahid; Zubairy, M. Suhail

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Entangled radiation via a Raman-driven quantum-beat laser Sajid Qamar,1 M. Al-Amri,2 Shahid Qamar,1,* and M. Suhail Zubairy1,3 1Centre for Quantum Physics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan 2The National... and Applied Sciences, Nilore, Islamabad, Pakistan. PHYSICAL REVIEW A 80, 033818 #1;2009#2; 1050-2947/2009/80#1;3#2;/033818#1;8#2; ?2009 The American Physical Society033818-1 states, these are the sufficient conditions; however, for two- mode continuous...

  12. Disentanglement in a two-qubit system subjected to dissipation environments RID A-4660-2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ikram, Manzoor; Li, Fu-li; Zubairy, M. Suhail

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Disentanglement in a two-qubit system subjected to dissipation environments Manzoor Ikram,1 Fu-li Li,1,2 and M. Suhail Zubairy1,3 1Centre for Quantum Physics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan 2Department of Applied...; of Pakistan for supporting his visit to the Centre for Quantum Physics, Islamabad. The research of F.L.L. is also supported by the Natural Science Foundation of China with Grant No. 10674106. The research of M.S.Z. is supported by U.S. Air Force Office...

  13. Open space system study for the Dacca metropolitan area

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rab, Wajeda Jafar

    1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and aspirations of 70 million of East Pakistan and 120 zillion people of Pakistan. A propor- tio 'ate distribution of the national capital building is desirable. So far Karachi and Islamabad have been successively developed as the admiristrative seats... of the national government at an estimated cost of Rs. 8, 000, 000, 000 end Rs. 4, 000, 000, 000 respectively. The capital building activity of Islamabad has just begun. Dacce. es the legislative seat of the nation has as its share only R . . 20, 000, 000...

  14. S U P P L E M E N T A R T I C L E Determinants of Household Costs Associated

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rheingans, Richard

    S U P P L E M E N T A R T I C L E Determinants of Household Costs Associated With Childhood households. We used survey data from sites in Bangladesh, India, and Pakistan to estimate the costs borne by households due to childhood diarrhea, including direct medical costs, direct nonmedical costs

  15. GOVERNMENT RESPONSE TO SELF-DETERMINATION MOVEMENTS: A CASE STUDY COMPARISON IN INDIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hariharan, Pritha

    2014-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    ; as the largest and fastest growing economy in the subcontinent, the stability of India as a federal republic is crucial to the overall strength of the region. While the dispute between India and Pakistan in the state of Kashmir gets international attention, other...

  16. GEOG 5: PEOPLE AND EARTH'S ECOSYSTEMS LAB 2: POPULATION AND THE ENVIRONMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    are a delegate to the United Nations for one of the following countries, Pakistan, China, India, USA, Japan your future? Part 3. Presentation and Policy One student will present the country's population policy based on the different approaches explained by the TA. Write down the main points of your policy. Part 4

  17. Vulture restaurants and their role in reducing diclofenac exposure in Asian vultures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Jeff A.

    vultures in Pakistan found that acute renal failure, manifested as visceral gout, was the proximate cause) field cases of visceral gout tested, whereas vultures dying from other causes were all negative for the drug (n 5 13). Subsequently, tissues collected from 14 vultures with visceral gout in India and Nepal

  18. Continuing mortality of vultures in India associated with illegal veterinary use of diclofenac and a potential threat from nimesulide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cuthbert, Richard J.; Taggart, Mark A.; Saini, Mohini; Sharma, Anil; Das, Asit; Kulkarni, Mandar D.; Deori, Parag; Ranade, Sachin; Shringarpure, Rohan N.; Galligan, Toby H.; Green, Rhys E.

    2015-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

    of India, Nepal and Pakistan banned the veterinary use of diclofenac in 2006. We analysed results of 62 necropsies and 48 NSAID assays of liver and/or kidney for vultures of five species found dead in India between 2000 and 2012. Visceral gout...

  19. A Nuclear Iran? Why this particular topic?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    A Nuclear Iran? #12;#12;Why this particular topic? · State Department internship · Personal · NPT (Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty) developed after WWII and Japan · IAEA (International Atomic of capacity #12;Iran's nuclear program · Initiated in 1959 · Strong ties to Russia, China and Pakistan · 2002

  20. the academy of sciences for the developing world tenable in developing countries such as Brazil, China, India, Kenya, Malaysia, Mexico,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Stephan

    , China, India, Kenya, Malaysia, Mexico, Pakistan and Thailand for scientists from developing countries year Age limit: 30 TWAS-icipe Fellowships for Postgraduate Research in Kenya The International Centre (other than Kenya) who wish to obtain a PhD in the natural sciences, especially focusing on integrated

  1. JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [November 6, 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1989-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents the nuclear developments of the following countries: (1) China, (2) East Asia; Japan, South Korea, (3) Latin America; Argentina, Cuba, (4) Near East and South Asia; India, Israel, Pakistan, (5) Soviet Union, and (6) West Europe; Canada, Federal Republic of Germany, France, Sweden, Turkey.

  2. JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [December 26, 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1989-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents the nuclear developments of the following countries: (1) China, (2)Japan, (3) Latin America; Argentina, Brazil, (4) Near East and South Asia; India, Israel, Iran, Iraq, Pakistan, (5) West Europe; Federal Republic of Germany, Spain, Sweden, Austria, and (6) Soviet Union.

  3. JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [June 1, 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear developments of the following countries: (1) China, (2) Japan, (3) East Europe; Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, German Democratic Republic, Poland, Hungary, (5) Brazil, (6) Near East and South Asia; India, Israel, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia (7) Soviet Union, and (8) Federal Republic of Germany.

  4. JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [May 23, 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1989-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear developments of the following countries: (1) Japan, (2) China, (3) South Korea, (4) Czechoslovakia, Poland, (5) Argentina, Brazil, (6) Bangladesh, India, Egypt, Iraq, Israel, Pakistan, (7) Soviet Union, and (8) Federal Republic of Germany, Canada, United Kingdom, France.

  5. Agreements --Asia 51 52 Atlas of International Freshwater Agreements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, Aaron

    .02 Kyrgyzstan 111,700 9.07 Afghanistan 104,900 8.52 Turkmenistan 70,000 5.68 China 1,900 0.15 Pakistan 200 0 of the region March 26, 1993 Amu Darya, Aral Sea, Syr Darya Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikstan; Turkmenistan

  6. Nuclear proliferation after the Cold War

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reiss, M.; Litwak, R.S.

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Today, former Soviet republics threaten to gain control over nuclear weapons sited on their territories, and reports on North Korea, Pakistan, India, and Iraq reveal current or recent weapon development programs. This document offers a timely assessment of the prospects for nuclear nonproliferation.

  7. JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [January 25, 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1989-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear developments of the following countries: (1) China, (2) Latin America; Argentina, Brazil, (3) Near East and South Asia; India, Pakistan, (4) Soviet Union, and (5) West Europe; Federal Republic of Germany, Finland, Netherlands, Turkey.

  8. JPRS report: Nuclear developments, [August 18, 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1987-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains information concerning the nuclear developments of the following countries: (1) Australia, (2) China, (3) Canada, (4) Hong Kong, (5) Japan, (6) Yugoslavia, (7) Argentina, (8) Brazil, (9) Egypt, (10) India, (11) Pakistan, (12) Soviet Union, (13) Belgium, (14) Finland, (15) France, and (16) Turkey.

  9. 4th IEEE/ACM International Conference on Utility and Cloud Computing (UCC 2011)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buyya, Rajkumar

    Zealand, Pakistan, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Taiwan, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, and Vietnam. After peer-reviewing all the submissions, the Program, and United States. The three invited speakers are: Professor Manish Parashar (Rutgers: The State University

  10. Ira Helfand, MD International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robock, Alan

    Ira Helfand, MD International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War Physicians for Social Responsibility NUCLEAR FAMINE: A BILLION PEOPLE AT RISK Global Impacts of Limited Nuclear War on Agriculture of studies have shown that a limited, regional nuclear war between India and Pakistan would cause significant

  11. Fracture model for cemented aggregates Aleksander Zubelewicz, Darla G. Thompson, Martin Ostoja-Starzewski, Axinte Ionita, Devin Shunk et al.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ostoja-Starzewski, Martin

    of pedestrian evacuation from an area J. Appl. Phys. 113, 034904 (2013) Severe energy crises and solar thermal, 013103 (2013) Monitoring of railway embankment settlement with fiber-optic pulsed time-of-flight radar energy as a viable option for Pakistan J. Renewable Sustainable Energy 5, 013104 (2013) Bio

  12. Muhammad Zeeshan Zia Institute for Geodesy and Photogrammetry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giger, Christine

    , GPA: 1.4/1.0 `Passed with Distinction' B.E., Electronic Engineering, N.E.D. University of Engineering Lecturer (full-time) Electronic Engineering Department NED University of Engineering & Technology, Pakistan for Siemens Gold Medal for best performing undergraduate student in Electronic Engineering. 6 Represented

  13. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 14, 16691680, 2010 www.hydrol-earth-syst-sci.net/14/1669/2010/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fowler, Hayley

    Laboratory, School of Civil Engineering and Geosciences, Newcastle University, UK 2JBA Consulting Engineers Resources Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology, G. T. Road, 54890, Lahore, Pakistan, a glacial regime, and a rainfall regime dependent on concurrent rainfall. On the basis of historic trends

  14. Volume 130, Number 53 tech.mit.edu Friday, November 12, 2010 Oldest and Largest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ishii, Hiroshi

    forever OPN, p. 5 INdIa & pakIStaN: a balaNCING aCt Obama is extending a hand toward India, but he needs in all five dining halls (which Arab and Muslim students will enjoy), and breakfast (which many stu

  15. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLIMATOLOGY Int. J. Climatol. 34: 3648 (2014)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLIMATOLOGY Int. J. Climatol. 34: 36­48 (2014) Published online 11 February 2013 in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com) DOI: 10.1002/joc.3664 Remote influence Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan ABSTRACT: The remote impact of South Asian black carbon (SABC) aerosol

  16. A reprint from American Scientistthe magazine of Sigma Xi, The Scientific Research Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bilham, Roger

    ranges have provided native Kashmiri people an inexhaustible source of water to irrigate naturally the Pakistan Kashmir, reducing houses, even entire moun- tainsides, to rubble. The Kashmir Valley itself has been rocked by many moderate and large earthquakes in historic times. Tradi- tional architecture

  17. The kinematic evolution of the Nepalese Himalaya interpreted from Nd isotopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garzione, Carmala N.

    Himalayan zone rock. The less negative ONd(0) values of the Greater Himalayan rocks support the idea(T) values in the synorogenic rocks in western and central Nepal generally show an up-section shift toward km from northern Pakistan to the Namche Barwa syntaxis [1]. These are, from north to south

  18. Bilham, R., (2006) Moving Mountains, 132-137, in Himalaya, R.C. Blum, E. Stone and B. Coburn, ed., pp 255. National Geographic Society. ISBN-10: 0-7922-6192-5.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bilham, Roger

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    will cause minor damage, and every several decades an M7 killer quake like the October 2004 Pakistan of southern Tibet, squeezing and contorting the intervening rocks upwards into what became the Himalaya. India cause the rocks to flow sluggishly away from India's advance, curling around India's eastern corner near

  19. Textural, chemical and isotopic insights into the nature and behaviour of metamorphic monazite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gibson, Dan

    thermal ionisation mass spectrometry (ID-TIMS) U­Pb age data commonly recorded from a single rock sample from the Himalaya of Pakistan are examined. Each sample exhibits an age dispersion of between 1; Zoning; Metamorphism; Laser ablation; Plasma-source mass spectrometry 1. Introductio

  20. Detrital geochronology and geochemistry of CretaceousEarly Miocene strata of Nepal: implications for timing and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Najman, Yani

    rocks has traditionally relied upon petrographic data sets from sandstones [1]. In regions where source of northern Pakistan and India as Early to Middle Eocene (~52 Ma). Eocene strata in the Tethyan portion of the central part of the Himalayan orogenic belt consist of shallow marine carbonate rocks that lack evidence

  1. Current Biology Vol 23 No 8 recurved beak of the Scandaroon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shapiro, Mike

    by this widespread hybridization and introgression. Rock pigeons are native to Europe, North Africa, the Middle East points to human use of pigeons as a food source as early as the Pleistocene (~10,000 years ago and Pakistan). Moreover, birds were exchanged between these two regions in the 16th Century (and probably

  2. This article was downloaded by: [Universitaire De Lausanne] On: 05 November 2013, At: 00:41

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kawecki, Tadeusz J.

    and should be independently verified with primary sources of information. Taylor and Francis shall; final version received 26 April 2013) The Zarudny's rock shrew, Crocidura zarudnyi Ognev, 1928, is found in very few localities in Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iran. Therefore, a record of the occurrence

  3. The tectonic setting of Bamiyan and seismicity in and near Afghanistan for the past 12 centuries.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bilham, Roger

    -western Pakistan (Ambraseys and Bilham, 2003). Written records of historical earthquakes in Afghanistan are sparse ofBamiyan we find no information in Arabic and Persian sources regarding earthquakes in its vicinity sculptured every species of bird. Outside the chamber entrance were two enormous statues in rock of the hill

  4. Spatial and Temporal Variations of Groundwater Arsenic in South and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Geen, Alexander

    in rural areas throughout the major river basins draining the Himalayas have become the main source. Arsenic enters groundwater naturally from rocks and sediment by coupled biogeochemical and hydrologic population exposed to unsafe As levels by drinking untreated groundwater in India, China, Myanmar, Pakistan

  5. REQUEST FOR REENROLLMENT GRADUATE SCHOOL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    that the WSU Standards of Conduct for Students applies from the time of my application for admission of the enrolled or principal tribe: Eskimo (935) Aleut (941) Asian or Pacific Islander (API) Chinese (605) Asian) Japanese (611) Other API. Please print the name of the other API group: (For example, Hmong, Thai, Pakistan

  6. Research Administration Forum October 6, 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ;Don't sign Power of Attorneys on behalf of Caltech ·All brokers should be vetted to ensure Shipping, small freight forwarder was fined $70,000 for 3 exports to a company, Allied Trading Co. on the Entity List. ·Allied Trading Co. ­ buyer of technologically sensitive goods which were found in Pakistan

  7. Art Hobson, ahobson@uark.edu NWA Times, 31 August 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hobson, Art

    War II heavy bombers. People still debate the effect of the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombs weapons, but without intercontinental range. Today, these weapons are humankind's greatest threat is Israel, with some 100 nuclear weapons. Pakistan is a nuclear power, but it's not in the Middle East

  8. Conference Salam/Musset

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2011-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Le DG L.Van Hove introduit le Prof. A.Salam né en 1926 dans l'ouest du Pakistan, un des gagnants du prix nobel de physique de cette année. Célébration de ses contributions théoriques mondialement connues. Après chaque discours, un petit historique est présenté par Paul Musset. Mention honorable aussi pour l'expérience Gargamelle et ses collaborateurs.

  9. Dr. Everett V. Richardson Dr. E.V. Richardson was born on January 5, 1924, in Scottsbluff, Nebraska to Tom and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on projects in Pakistan, Venezuela, Egypt, India, and Bangladesh. His career included 17 years with the Water. One especially notable project was when the National Academy of Science asked him to go to Egypt with a team of other scientists to show the United State's sincerity to Egypt after presidents Carter

  10. FINAL (PNNL-20432) Nuclear Nonproliferation and Arms Control Primer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .g., North Korea, Pakistan). Fissile materials, nuclear reactors, reprocessing and enrichment technology the export is subject to IAEA safeguards....The Zangger Committee helps to prevent the diversion of exported the export of "plants for the reprocessing of irradiated fuel elements, and equipment especially designed

  11. Quenching of spontaneous emission through interference of incoherent pump processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kapale, KT; Scully, Marlan O.; Zhu, S. Y.; Zubairy, M. Suhail

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1,4 s A & M University, College Station, Texas 77843-4242 , D-85748 Garching, Germany t University, Hong Kong, China m University, Islamabad, Pakistan d 14 October 2002; published 7 February 2003! n of a V-type three-level atom...

  12. Quantum theory of a micromaser operating on the atomic scattering from a resonant standing wave

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saif, F.; Le Kien, F.; Zubairy, M. Suhail

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    - 1050-2947/2001/64~4!/043812~9!/$20.00 64 043812- g on the atomic scattering standing wave 2 and M. S. Zubairy1,3 University, 54320 Islamabad, Pakistan , Chofushi, Tokyo, Japan y, College Station, Texas 77843 d 18 September 2001! e light field...

  13. Quantum search protocol for an atomic array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scully, Marlan O.; Zubairy, M. Suhail

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    without inversion @6#, 1050-2947/2001/64~2!/022304~5!/$20.00 64 022304- l for an atomic array M. Suhail Zubairy1,3 y, College Station, Texas 77843-4242 , 85748 Garching, Germany m University, Islamabad, Pakistan published 5 July 2001! d of ordinary...

  14. Entanglement generation in a two-mode quantum beat laser RID A-4660-2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ikram, Manzoor; Li, Gao-xiang; Zubairy, M. Suhail

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Entanglement generation in a two-mode quantum beat laser Manzoor Ikram,1 Gao-xiang Li,1,2 and M. Suhail Zubairy1,3,4 1Centre for Quantum Physics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan 2Department of Physics, Huazhong...

  15. Improving engine efficiency by extracting laser energy from hot exhaust gas RID A-1272-2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rostovtsev, Y. V.; Matsko, A. B.; Nayak, N.; Zubairy, M. Suhail; Scully, Marlan O.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1050-2947/2003/67~5!/053811~8!/$20.00 67 0538 g laser energy from hot exhaust gas ,1 M. S. Zubairy,1,2 and M. O. Scully 1,3,4 , Texas A&M University, Texas 77843-4242, USA m University, Islamabad, Pakistan s A&M University, Texas 77843, USA , D...

  16. Two-time intensity correlation in a driven three-level system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, H.; Zhu, S. Y.; Zubairy, M. Suhail; Scully, Marlan O.

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    &, ~1! *Permanent address: Department of Electronics, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan. PHYSICAL REVIEW A MARCH 1996VOLUME 53, NUMBER 3 531050-2947/96/53~3!/1834~5!/$10.00 1834 ? 1996 The American Physical Society where i , j51...

  17. One-atom correlated-emission laser RID C-6638-2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Ho-Joon; Khosa, Ashfaq H.; Lee, Hai-Woong; Zubairy, M. Suhail

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One-atom correlated-emission laser Ho-Joon Kim,1,2 Ashfaq H. Khosa,1 Hai-Woong Lee,1,2 and M. Suhail Zubairy1,3 1Centre for Quantum Physics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan 2Department of Physics, Korea Advanced...

  18. National Woodfuels and Wood Energy Information Analysis Prepared by: Muhammad Iqbal Sial PhD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .5. Black liquor 2 2. TRENDS IN CONSUMPTION 2 2.1. Consumption by geographical location 3 2.2. Consumption. Province/territory wise distribution of wild lands. 13 10. National energy consumption by source. 20 112nd Draft Desk Study on National Woodfuels and Wood Energy Information Analysis PAKISTAN Prepared

  19. A version of this appeared in Economic & Political Weekly (1999) XXXIV(18) Natural Gas Imports by South Asia: Pipelines or Pipedreams?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A version of this appeared in Economic & Political Weekly (1999) XXXIV(18) Natural Gas Imports by South Asia: Pipelines or Pipedreams? TransAsia Pipeline System (TAPS): A Shared Natural Gas Pipeline situations where there are eager purchasers of natural gas (India and Pakistan), willing suppliers of natural

  20. 2 MARCH 2007 VOL 315 SCIENCE www.sciencemag.org1224 he world may no longer face a serious

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stenchikov, Georgiy L.

    (4). India and Pakistan, for instance, have previously tested nuclear weapons and are now thought of global nuclear warfare, but regional conflicts continue. Within this milieu, acquiring nuclear weapons). Eight nations are known to have nuclear weapons. In addition, North Korea may have a small, but growing

  1. 178 Seismological Research Letters Volume 79, Number 2 March/April 2008 INTRODUCTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koper, Keith D.

    2006 North Korea announced that it had con- ducted a nuclear weapons test, its first, at the Chik nuclear test, carried out by Pakistan on 30 May 1998 (Wallace 1998). The North Korean event was small (4 seismometers. Therefore, it provides a nice test of the nuclear explosion monitoring capability of the open

  2. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia (part 1). Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    LePoer, B.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly (previously annual, semiannual, and quarterly) bibliography series contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to the countries of the Indian subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research on the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned.

  3. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtiss, E.R.

    1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly (previously annual, semiannual, and quarterly) bibliography series contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to the countries of the Indian subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research on the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned.

  4. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia (part 2). Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtiss, E.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly (previously annual, semiannual, and quarterly) bibliography series contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to the countries of the Indian subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research on the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned.

  5. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia (part 3). Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtiss, E.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly (previously annual, semiannual, and quarterly) bibliography series contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to the countries of the Indian subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research on the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned.

  6. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia (part 1). Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtiss, E.

    1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly (previously annual, semiannual, and quarterly) bibliography series contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to the countries of the Indian subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research on the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned.

  7. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia (part 2). Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtiss, E.

    1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly (previously annual, semiannual, and quarterly) bibliography series contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to the countries of the Indian subcontinent; Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research on the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned.

  8. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia (part 4). Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtiss, E.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly (previously annual, semiannual, and quarterly) bibliography series contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to the countries of the Indian subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research on the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned.

  9. United Nations geothermal activities in developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beredjick, N.

    1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The United Nations implements technical cooperation projects in developing countries through its Department of Technical Cooperation for Development (DTCD). The DTCD is mandated to explore for and develop natural resources (water, minerals, and relevant infrastructure) and energy - both conventional and new and renewable energy sources. To date, the United Nations has been involved in over 30 geothermal exploration projects (completed or underway) in 20 developing countries: 8 in Africa (Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar); 8 in Asia (China, India, Jordan, Philippines, Thailand); 9 in Latin America (Bolivia, Chile, El Salvador, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama) and 6 in Europe (Greece, Romania, Turkey, Yugoslavia). Today, the DTCD has seven UNDP geothermal projects in 6 developing countries. Four of these (Bolivia, China, Honduras, and Kenya) are major exploration projects whose formulation and execution has been possible thanks to the generous contributions under cost-sharing arrangements from the government of Italy. These four projects are summarized.

  10. San Jose Accord: energy aid or petroleum-marketing strategy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1982-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The San Jose Accord was signed in San Jose, Costa Rica on August 3, 1980 by the Presidents of Venezuela and Mexico, whereby the two countries mutually committed to supply the net imported domestic oil consumption of several Central American and Caribbean countries. Countries initially participating in the program are: Barbados, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Nicaragua, and Panama. Seven eastern Caribbean countries were to meet on October 7 to petition for inclusion in the Accord, namely: Antigua, St. Kitt/Nevis, Montserrat, Dominica, St. Lucia, St. Vincent, and Grenada. The official language of the Accord is presented, and the operative status of the Accord two years after signing is discussed. Specific briefs about some of the individual countries in the Accord are included. The fuel price/tax series for the Western Hemisphere countries is updated.

  11. Cooperative Monitoring Center Occasional Paper/4: Missile Control in South Asia and the Role of Cooperative Monitoring Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kamal, N.; Sawhney, P.

    1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The succession of nuclear tests by India and Pakistan in May 1998 has changed the nature of their missile rivalry, which is only one of numerous manifestations of their relationship as hardened adversaries, deeply sensitive to each other's existing and evolving defense capabilities. The political context surrounding this costly rivalry remains unmediated by arms control measures or by any nascent prospect of detente. As a parallel development, sensible voices in both countries will continue to talk of building mutual confidence through openness to avert accidents, misjudgments, and misinterpretations. To facilitate a future peace process, this paper offers possible suggestions for stabilization that could be applied to India's and Pakistan's missile situation. Appendices include descriptions of existing missile agreements that have contributed to better relations for other countries as well as a list of the cooperative monitoring technologies available to provide information useful in implementing subcontinent missile regimes.

  12. The Nonproliferation Review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    RAJEN,GAURAV; BIRINGER,KENT L.

    2000-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The aim of this paper is to understand the numerous nuclear-related agreements that involve India and Pakistan, and in so doing identify starting points for future confidence-creating and confidence-building projects. Existing nuclear-related agreements provide a framework under which various projects can be proposed that foster greater nuclear transparency and cooperation in South Asia. The basic assumptions and arguments underlying this paper can be summarized as follows: (1) Increased nuclear transparency between India and Pakistan is a worthwhile objective, as it will lead to the irreversibility of extant nuclear agreements, the prospects of future agreements; and the balance of opacity and transparency required for stability in times of crises; (2) Given the current state of Indian and Pakistani relations, incremental progress in increased nuclear transparency is the most likely future outcome; and (3) Incremental progress can be achieved by enhancing the information exchange required by existing nuclear-related agreements.

  13. Study of the effect of seasonal desiccation and wetting on the strength of highway subgrade soils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biswas, Bhupati Ranjan

    1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for possible deteriora- tion of soil strength due to cyolic drying and wetting. Likewise the test procedure (28) used by the Kansas State Highway Commission provides for saturation ranging from a few minutes to two weeks, depending on the density... (il, ). East Pakistan can be divided into three broad geological divisions: (a) the deltaic coastal areas; (b) the broad alluvial valleys of the Ganges and Brahmaputra Rivers through the central, western and northern portion of the country; and (c...

  14. Brandeis University International Student & Scholar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraden, Seth

    India 69 India 22 Saudi Arabia 27 Canada 13 Taiwan 24 Israel 12 Israel 18 Vietnam 10 Nigeria 16 Turkey 8/Kenya/Spain/Thailand/Venezuela 4 Pakistan 11 Top 10 Countries for Scholars P.R. China 49 India 26 Israel 20 Germany 17 Canada 13/Television/Interactive Media 1 1 Finance 64 23 87 Genetic Counseling 3 3 General Studies/Undeclared 282 1 283 Health Policy

  15. Coping with Change: Understanding Transformation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    KYRGYZSTAN TAJIKISTAN UZBEKISTAN K A Z A K H S T A N A F G H A N I S TA N PAKISTAN I R A N C H I N A T U R K M E N I S T A N R U S S I A UZBEKISTAN K A Z A K H S T A N KYRGYZSTAN TAJIKISTAN AZERBAIJAN KUWAIT, if not millennia, large parts of contemporary Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan were home

  16. Newsfront 5-18 November 2007, Issue 40

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghimire, Yubaraj

    during the Holi festival. They used both which made everybody laugh. (Photo 5 on front page) Next it was time for the palanquin procession. Grandsons and others lifted the elders for a procession around the garden. Fear turned to exhilaration... to two years," she said. Bhutto asked the international community to put pressure on Musharraf to reverse his decision so that free and fair elections could be held. Reports from Pakistan suggested that private TV channels have been taken off air...

  17. Supplement 23, Part 7, Parasite-Subject Catalogue, Hosts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Shirley J.; Hood, Martha W.; Shaw, Judith H.; Rayburn, Jane D.; Kirby, Margie D.; Hanfman, Deborah T.; Zidar, Judith A.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , ?. I., 1972, Para-zitologiia, Leningrad, v. 6 (6), 555-557 Pellucidhaptor pricei sp. ?.: river Volga at Moshkov Abramis brama "bream" Halvorsen, 0., 1969, Norwegian J. Zool., v. 17 (1), 93-103 Diplozoon paradoxum: river Glomma, Norway Abramis... [n. comb.]: Villefranche-sur-Mer (Alpes-Maritimes) Acanthopagrus berda (intestine) Rasheed, S., 1968, An. Escuela Nac. Cien. Biol., Mexico, v. 15 (1-4), 1966, 23-59 Cucullanus hians: Karachi, West Pakistan Acanthopagrus butcheri (digestive tract...

  18. 11/3/08 2:46 PMTorture by Worms -New York Times Page 1 of 2http://select.nytimes.com/2007/02/18/opinion/18kristof.html?pagewanted=print

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Richard E.

    11/3/08 2:46 PMTorture by Worms - New York Times Page 1 of 2http://select.nytimes.com/2007 the issue on the agenda, Pakistan worked energetically with the Carter Center to eliminate the parasite in that country. #12;11/3/08 2:46 PMTorture by Worms - New York Times Page 2 of 2http://select.nytimes.com/2007

  19. Summary of non-US national and international fuel cycle and radioactive waste management programs 1982

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harmon, K.M.; Kelman, J.A.

    1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Brief program overviews of fuel cycle, spent fuel, and waste management activities in the following countries are provided: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, Denmark, Finland, France, German Federal Republic, India, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Mexico, Netherlands, Pakistan, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, USSR, and the United Kingdom. International nonproliferation activities, multilateral agreements and projects, and the international agencies specifically involved in the nuclear fuel cycle are also described.

  20. JPRS report proliferation issues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1991-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains foreign media information on issues related to worldwide proliferation and transfer activities in nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons, including delivery systems and the transfer of weapons relevant technologies. The following locations are included: (1) South Africa, Namibia; (2) China; (3) South Korea, Australia, Indonesia, Japan, Philippines; (4) Yugoslavia; (5) Brazil, Argentina, Cuba; (6) India, Libya, Pakistan; (7) Soviet Union; and (8) France, Germany, Netherlands.

  1. JPRS report proliferation issues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1991-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains foreign media information on issues related to worldwide proliferation and transfer activities in nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons, including delivery systems and the transfer of weapons relevant technologies. The following locations are included: (1) South Africa; (2) China; (3) North and South Korea, Japan; (4) Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia; (5) Argentina, Brazil; (6) India, Iran, Israel, Pakistan, Libya, Iraq, Egypt; (7) Soviet Union; and (8) Belgium, Germany, United Kingdom, Netherlands, France.

  2. Chirac Said “Non” – Or Did He? Revisiting U.S. - UN Diplomacy on the 2003 Iraq War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rrecchia, Stefano

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    could for the most part be financed through sales of Iraqi oil.29 The belief that a protracted stabilization mission would be unnecessary in Iraq further reduced any incentive to secure UN approval as a means of legitimating the war and facilitating... Washington significant leverage over its foreign policy. Germany and Syria, by contrast, were firmly opposed. That put all the weight on the other six nonpermanent members, who remained uncommitted: Mexico, Chile, Pakistan, Angola, Cameroon, and Guinea...

  3. Policy issues facing the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty and prospects for the future

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sweeney, J.

    1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is divided into the following 5 sections: (1) Background; (2) Major Issues Facing Ratification of CTBT; (3) Current Status on CTBT Ratification; (4) Status of CTBT Signatories and Ratifiers; and (5) CTBT Activities Not Prohibited. The major issues facing ratification of CTBT discussed here are: impact on CTBT of START II and ABM ratification; impact of India and Pakistan nuclear tests; CTBT entry into force; and establishment of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty Organization.

  4. U.S. Air Force (USAF) Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOriginEducationVideoStrategic|IndustrialCenterMarchC. BERKELEY: NEGAWATT THE SERRANO- Pakistan

  5. Freezing the fighting: Military disengagement on the Siachen Glacier

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ahmed, S. [Asia Foundation, Islamabad (Pakistan); Sahni, V. [Jawaharlal Nehru Univ., New Delhi (India)

    1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since 1984, India and Pakistan have confronted each other militarily for control over the Siachen Glacier and its approaches in the eastern Karakoram mountain range, adjacent to the borders of India, Pakistan, and China. The longest-running armed conflict between two regular armies in the twentieth century, the conflict in Siachen has resulted in hundreds of casualties, mainly because of adverse climatic conditions and harsh terrain. The economic cost of sustaining a conflict in that geographically remote and climatically inhospitable region has also been extremely high for both countries. Past efforts by India and Pakistan to find a mutually acceptable solution have failed, mainly because of mutual distrust and suspicion. This paper examines Indian and Pakistani perceptions, preference, and policies, and identifies options for resolving the conflict. This paper also identifies the most appropriate verification and monitoring technologies to assist policy-makers in ensuring agreement stability and compliance. While a future agreement on resolving the dispute will depend, above all, on the political will of the Indian and Pakistani leaderships, adequate, appropriate verification and monitoring mechanism will enhance their ability to reach a sustainable and durable accord of the Siachen conflict. 1 fig.

  6. Blood and hair lead in children with different extents of iron deficiency in Karachi

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ataur Rahman, Muhammad; Rahman, Bushra [Karachi Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, University of Karachi, Karachi-75270 (Pakistan)] [Karachi Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, University of Karachi, Karachi-75270 (Pakistan); Saeed Ahmad, Muhammad [School of Healthcare Science, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester M1 5GD (United Kingdom)] [School of Healthcare Science, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester M1 5GD (United Kingdom); Blann, Andrew [Department of Medicine, City Hospital, Birmingham B18 7QH, United Kingdom. (United Kingdom)] [Department of Medicine, City Hospital, Birmingham B18 7QH, United Kingdom. (United Kingdom); Ahmed, Nessar, E-mail: N.Ahmed@mmu.ac.uk [School of Healthcare Science, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester M1 5GD (United Kingdom)] [School of Healthcare Science, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester M1 5GD (United Kingdom)

    2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Childhood iron deficiency has a high incidence in Pakistan. Some but not all studies have shown that dietary iron deficiency may cause increased absorption of lead as both compete for the same transporters in the small intestine. Therefore, children in Pakistan, residing in heavily polluted cities like Karachi may be prone to lead poisoning. This hypothesis was tested by investigating blood and hair lead concentrations in children from Karachi who were divided into four groups of iron status; normal, borderline iron deficiency, iron deficiency and iron deficiency anaemia. A prospective observational study was conducted where 269 children were categorized into four groups of iron status using the World Health Organization criteria and one based on soluble transferrin receptor measurements. Blood iron status was determined using a full blood count, serum iron, ferritin, transferrin saturation and soluble transferrin receptor measurements. Blood lead was determined by graphite atomic absorption spectroscopy, whereas hair lead was assessed using an inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy technique. Blood lead concentrations were significantly higher in children with iron deficiency anaemia (mean [95% confidence intervals] were 24.9 [22.6-27.2] {mu}g/dL) compared to those with normal iron status (19.1 [16.8-21.4] {mu}g/dL) using WHO criteria. In contrast, hair lead content was not significantly different in children of different iron status. Our findings reinforce the importance of not only reducing environmental lead pollution but also the development of national health strategies to reduce childhood iron deficiency in Pakistan.

  7. Popular Television and Visual Culture: Intentions and Perceptions of Aliens in America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sourdot, Ludovic A.

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    . The Tolchuks anticipate that their teenage son Justin will become more popular at school by associating with an international student. In the first episode, their plan takes an unexpected turn when the family expecting to host a blond-haired, blue...-eyed Scandinavian high school student, instead meets Raja, a Muslim teenager from Pakistan. The title of the show, Aliens in America, is a play on words in that the lead characters, Justin an American student and Raja a Pakistani exchange 12 student, are both...

  8. Special Publication No. 6, Subject: Nematoda and Nematode Diseases, Part 2: Supergenera, Genera, Species, and Subspecies: C-E.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doss, Mildred A.; Hanfman, Deborah T.

    , amphibia, and reptiles? East Pakistan Camallanidae Radili et and Henry, I915 Olsen, L. S., 1952 a, 194-195 Camallanidae Rauther, M., I930 a, 375 Camallanidae Schuurmans Stekhoven, J. H., 1935 f. V.c 22, V.c 23 Spiruroidea Camallanidae Raill...?nndarm) all from Nagpur, India Camallanides prashadi Baylis ? Daubney Walton, ?. C., 1932 c, 151 Rana tigrina Camallanides prashadi Baylis and Daubney, 1922 Walton, A. C., 1935 a, 34, 36 Rana tigerina(sie]1 India NEMATODA AND NEMATODE DISEASES...

  9. Himalayan Journal of Sciences Volume 5, Issue 7 (Special Issue), 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Himalayan Association for the Advancement of Science

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    elemental and zircon Hf isotopic geochemistry of mafic and ultramafic rocks from the Early Cretaceous Comei large igneous province in SE Tibet: constraints on mantle source characteristics and petrogenesis Di-Cheng Zhu, Xuan-Xue Mo, Zhi-Dan Zhao, Yaoling... , and deposition of trench sediments. All this is followed sequentially by emplacement and intrusion of calc-alkaline and Andean-type Trans-Himalayan batholiths from Pakistan to the easternmost parts of the Himalaya in Arunachal Pradesh. Once the Tethyan Ocean...

  10. Investigating the Current Terrorist Threat to the U.S. Homeland - Determining al-Qa'ida's Targeting Strategy: Who's in the Crosshairs?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bacon-Ward, Ashley; Bell, Kevin; Brandt, Gretchen; Brown, Nathan; Figuerola, Andy; Foix, Marissa; Formanek, Mary; Holden, David; Vrdoljak, Denis

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to comprehend what makes soft targets particularly attractive to terrorists, such as al-Qa?ida, and why hardening a target increases the cost of an attack. For example, one source defines a hard target as ?[a] site, normally constructed under rock or concrete..., al-Qa?ida‘s central leadership helped plan terrorist operations for others to conduct, such as the 2004 Madrid train bombings, and now that it has reconstituted a safe haven in Pakistan, al-Qa?ida has regained more of its strength and relevance.4 Al...

  11. Himalayan Journal of Sciences Volume 3, Issue 5, January - June 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mainali, Kumar P

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the forest at Everest’s base is 75 percent destroyed, replaced by a jumble of rocks interspersed with lonesome trees. All the Khumbu’s junipers have fallen to axes . . . The degradation of the Himalayas is not confined to the tall peaks. In Pakistan, India... material. “Tut-tut,” you say. “A purloined phrase... an undocumented source? Where’s the harm? Everybody does it!” Purloined phrase? Not quite. One of the sources cited for apparently minor points was in fact looted: page after page was lifted...

  12. The Role of the Horse in Mughal Miniature Paintings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mullins, Emily

    2012-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

    ) ....................................................... 32 1 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION The Mughal Empire In 1526, a Timurid prince named Zahir ad-Din Muhammad Babur conquered the land called Hindustan (present-day Northern India and Pakistan) and established the Mughal Empire. The word... for himself by bringing in the arts and cultures from his homeland2. _______________ This thesis follows the style of Muqarnas. 2 Nasir ud-din Muhammad Humayun, Babur?s eldest son, was unable to hold together the newly formed Kingdom and in 1540, he...

  13. Palatine, Illinois: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall,Missouri:EnergyOssian, New York:Ozark,PacificPainesville, Ohio:Pakistan:

  14. Cooperative measures to support the Indo-Pak Agreement Reducing Risk from Accidents Relating to Nuclear Weapons.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mishra, Sitakanta; Ahmed, Mansoor

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 2012, India and Pakistan reaffirmed the Agreement on Reducing the Risk from Accidents Relating to Nuclear Weapons. Despite a history of mutual animosity and persistent conflict between the two countries, this agreement derives strength from a few successful nuclear confidence building measures that have stood the test of time. It also rests on the hope that the region would be spared a nuclear holocaust from an accidental nuclear weapon detonation that might be misconstrued as a deliberate use of a weapon by the other side. This study brings together two emerging strategic analysts from South Asia to explore measures to support the Agreement and further develop cooperation around this critical issue. This study briefly dwells upon the strategic landscape of nuclear South Asia with the respective nuclear force management structures, doctrines, and postures of India and Pakistan. It outlines the measures in place for the physical protection and safety of nuclear warheads, nuclear materials, and command and control mechanisms in the two countries, and it goes on to identify the prominent, emerging challenges posed by the introduction of new weapon technologies and modernization of the respective strategic forces. This is followed by an analysis of the agreement itself leading up to a proposed framework for cooperative measures that might enhance the spirit and implementation of the agreement.

  15. Cooperative Mmonitoring Center Occasional Paper/5: Propspects of Conventional Arms Control in South Asia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gupta, Amit; Kamal, Nazir

    1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The intensely adversarial relationship between India and Pakistan is marked by military rivalry, mutual distrust, and suspicion. The most dividing disagreement has been over the Kashmir region. An inability to discuss the Kashmir issue has prevented discussion on other important issues. Since there is little prospect of detente, at least in the near-term, the question is whether this rivalry can be contained by other means, such as arms control approaches. Conventional arms control has been applied flexibly and successfully in some regions to reduce threat-perceptions and achieve reassuring military stability. Some lessons from other international models might be applied to the India/Pakistan context. This paper discusses the status of conventional arms control in South Asia, the dominant Indian and Pakistani perceptions about arms control, the benefits that could be derived from arms control, as well as the problems and prospects of arms control. It also discusses existing conventional arms control agreements at the regional and global levels as well as the potential role of cooperative monitoring technology.

  16. Gas Centrifuges and Nuclear Proliferation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Albright, David

    2004-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Gas centrifuges have been an ideal enrichment method for a wide variety of countries. Many countries have built gas centrifuges to make enriched uranium for peaceful nuclear purposes. Other countries have secretly sought centrifuges to make highly enriched uranium for nuclear weapons. In more recent times, several countries have secretly sought or built gas centrifuges in regions of tension. The main countries that have been of interest in the last two decades have been Pakistan, Iraq, Iran, and North Korea. Currently, most attention is focused on Iran, Pakistan, and North Korea. These states did not have the indigenous abilities to make gas centrifuges, focusing instead on illicit and questionable foreign procurement. The presentation covered the following main sections: Spread of centrifuges through illicit procurement; Role of export controls in stopping proliferation; Increasing the transparency of gas centrifuge programs in non-nuclear weapon states; and, Verified dismantlement of gas centrifuge programs. Gas centrifuges are important providers of low enriched uranium for civil nuclear power reactors. They also pose special nuclear proliferation risks. We all have special responsibilities to prevent the spread of gas centrifuges into regions of tension and to mitigate the consequences of their spread into the Middle East, South Asia, and North Asia.

  17. The tectonic development of south-central Asia and the paleogeographic setting of its hydrocarbon resources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scotese, C.R. (Shell Development Co., Houston, TX (USA)); Tyrell, W.W. Jr. (Amoco Production Co., Houston, TX (USA)); Maher, K.A. (Shell Development Co., Houston, TX (USA))

    1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The countries of south-central Asia (Afghanistan to Thailand) are made up of fragments of Gondwana that collided with the southern margin of Eurasia during the Mesozoic and Cenozoic. The Cimmerian terranes (Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan, Qiang Tang, and Burma-Malaya) rifted away from Gondwana beginning in the Late Carboniferous and were accreted to Asia during the Late Triassic-Jurassic. The Lhasa terrane, presumably also derived from Gondwana, was accreted during the Late Jurassic. By the Early Cretaceous, India-Madagascar had separated from Africa and from Australia-Antarctica. In the middle Cretaceous, India rapidly rifted away from Madagascar, and during the early Eocene collided with Asia giving rise to the Tibetam Plateau and the mountain belts from Afghanistan through Burma. The sedimentary basins and petroleum provinces adjacent to and south of these collision zones are best understood when viewed in the context of their tectonic history and paleogeographic setting. About 7 billion bbl of oil and 50 tcf of gas have been discovered in south-central Asia, mostly in Cenozoic deltaic sandstones or marine carbonate reservoirs in rift (Cambay), passive margin (Bombay shelf), and foreland basins (Assam, Indux, Potwar, Bengal) in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh, and in a fore-arc setting in Burma. Source rocks are mostly Paleogene shale, but some Paleozoic and Mesozoic sources be present in Pakistan. New exploration is underway or will begin soon in India, Bangladesh, Nepal, and Burma.

  18. A survey of nuclear-related agreements and possibilities for nuclear cooperation in South Asia: Cooperative Monitoring Center Occasional Paper/15

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    RAJEN,GAURAV

    2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Several existing nuclear-related agreements already require India and Pakistan, as members, to share information. The agreements are bilateral, regional, and international. Greater nuclear transparency between India and Pakistan could be promoted by first understanding the information flows required by existing agreements. This understanding is an essential step for developing projects that can incrementally advance the sensitivity of the information being shared. This paper provides a survey of existing nuclear-related agreements involving India and Pakistan, and suggests future confidence-building projects using the frameworks provided by these agreements. The Bilateral Agreement on the Prohibition of Attack against Nuclear Reactors and Nuclear Facilities is discussed as a basis for creating further agreements on restricting the use and deployment of nuclear weapons. The author suggests options for enhancing the value of the list of nuclear facilities exchanged annually as a part of this agreement. The International Atomic Energy Agency's regional cooperation agreement among countries in the Asia-Pacific region is an opportunity for greater subregional nuclear cooperation in South Asia. Linking the regional agreement with South Asian environmental cooperation and marine pollution protection efforts could provide a framework for projects involving Indian and Pakistani coastal nuclear facilities. Programs of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations that use nuclear techniques to increase food and crop production and optimize water management in arid areas also provide similar opportunities for nuclear cooperation. Other frameworks for nuclear cooperation originate from international conventions related to nuclear safety, transportation of nuclear wastes, worker protection against ionizing radiation, and the nondeployment of nuclear weapons in certain areas. The information shared by existing frameworks includes: laws and regulations (including internal inspection procedures that enforce compliance); lists of nuclear facilities; emergency response procedures and available resources; information related to the transportation of nuclear wastes (particularly via shipping); understanding and notification of accidental releases; and radionuclide release data from select coastal facilities. Incremental increases in the sensitivity of the information being shared could strengthen norms for Indian and Pakistani nuclear transparency. This paper suggests seven technology-based Indian and Pakistani nuclear transparency projects for consideration. Existing nuclear-related agreements provide an information-sharing framework within which the projects could occur. Eventually, as confidence increases and new agreements are negotiated, future projects could begin to deal with the accounting of fissile materials and nuclear weapons disposition and control.

  19. Energy and growth, a comparison of 13 industrial and developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leach, G.; Jarass, L.; Obermair, G.M.; Hoffmann, L.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The traditional approach to national energy issues and planning has been strongly supply oriented-planning has focused on aggregate quantities like fuel production, imports and exports, and how to meet growing demand by adding to supplies. The most serious flaw in this approach is that it dehumanizes energy planning by ignoring the major determinants and opportunities for change which lie at the level of individual people and their needs. This book demonstrates that sound energy planning must be rooted in a detailed understanding of energy demand and the social and economic activities which not only consume energy but also make up the pattern of life in a country. Its approach combines analysis of energy use with coverage of a wide sample of countries. The countries studied are UK, France, West Germany, USA, Japan, Philippines, Brazil, Portugal, Chile, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Kenya.

  20. Natural gas: Governments and oil companies in the Third World

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davidson, A.; Hurst, C.; Mabro, R.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It is asserted that oil companies claim to be generally receptive to gas development proposals; however, the lack of potential markets for gas, problems of foreign exchange convertibility, and lack of a legal framework often hinders their engagement. Governments, on the other hand, need to secure domestic energy supply and, if possible, gain some export earnings or royalties. An extensive discussion on the principles of pricing and fiscal regimes, potential points of disagreement is provided. A course of action is outlined from the managerial point of view to circumvent the most common pitfalls in planning and financing a gas project. Eight very detailed case studies are presented for Argentina, Egypt, Malaysia, Nigeria, Pakistan, Tanzania, Tunisia and Thailand.

  1. Oil and gas developments in the Far East in 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Courteney, S.; Soeparjadi, R.A.; Ahmad, S.M.S.

    1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As a result of the stabilization of oil prices in 1987 following their collapse in 1986, the rate of slowdown in Far East exploration activities began to ease. Seismic acquisition increased slightly, and the fall in exploratory drilling was less dramatic in 1987 than in 1986. No major discoveries were reported during 1987, although small-to-medium-size oil and gas discoveries added to the potential reserves of Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Japan, People's Republic of China, Pakistan, Republic of China, and Thailand. Development drilling continued to rise by a modest amount. Far East oil and condensate production decreased in 1987 by just over 1% to 5.37 million b/d, whereas gas output rose to 11.7 bcf/day. New acreage awards were significantly higher in 1987 than in 1986, particularly in some of the region's key producing countries. 16 figs., 11 tabs.

  2. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Makeig, D.; Ross, R.

    1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This bibliography contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to countries of the Indian Subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research in the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned. The bibliography is divided into country sections preceded initially by a general interest and reference section. This first issue covers material published or copyrighted in 1981. Wherever the hard copy of the material being cited could be obtained, a brief abstract, review or summary is presented with the citation. Where existence of a work was reported or verified (e.g., through publishers` notices, review articles, etc.) but a hard copy could not be obtained, the article/book is merely cited without further description. All listings are by author, last name first, except where the author is unknown. In such cases, the work is listed by title.

  3. Strategies of Asian oil-importing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, M. [Asian Inst. of Tech., Bangkok (Thailand)

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Various strategies are used by oil-importing countries to reduce their economic dependence on imported oil: national oil production, energy conservation, and the change of economic structures from high energy intensity sectors to low ones. In this article, the roles of these different strategies have been identified for 10 selected oil-importing countries in Asia: Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, the Philippines, Thailand, Hong Kong, R.O Korea, and Taiwan. The results show that most of the selected countries (although Hong Kong and Taiwan are independent economic entities, for simplicity, the author refers to them as countries) have succeeded in reducing their national economy dependence on imported oil since 1973. Hong Kong, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and India are among the most successful countries, with more than 40% reduction in their economic dependence on imported oil.

  4. Twenty-first workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering: Proceedings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    1996-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

    PREFACE The Twenty-First Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering was held at the Holiday Inn, Palo Alto on January 22-24, 1996. There were one-hundred fifty-five registered participants. Participants came from twenty foreign countries: Argentina, Austria, Canada, Costa Rica, El Salvador, France, Iceland, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, the Philippines, Romania, Russia, Switzerland, Turkey and the UK. The performance of many geothermal reservoirs outside the United States was described in several of the papers. Professor Roland N. Horne opened the meeting and welcomed visitors. The key note speaker was Marshall Reed, who gave a brief overview of the Department of Energy's current plan. Sixty-six papers were presented in the technical sessions of the workshop. Technical papers were organized into twenty sessions concerning: reservoir assessment, modeling, geology/geochemistry, fracture modeling hot dry rock, geoscience, low enthalpy, injection, well testing, drilling, adsorption and stimulation. Session chairmen were major contributors to the workshop, and we thank: Ben Barker, Bobbie Bishop-Gollan, Tom Box, Jim Combs, John Counsil, Sabodh Garg, Malcolm Grant, Marcel0 Lippmann, Jim Lovekin, John Pritchett, Marshall Reed, Joel Renner, Subir Sanyal, Mike Shook, Alfred Truesdell and Ken Williamson. Jim Lovekin gave the post-dinner speech at the banquet and highlighted the exciting developments in the geothermal field which are taking place worldwide. The Workshop was organized by the Stanford Geothermal Program faculty, staff, and graduate students. We wish to thank our students who operated the audiovisual equipment. Shaun D. Fitzgerald Program Manager.

  5. Electron beam irradiation of gemstone for color enhancement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Idris, Sarada; Ghazali, Zulkafli; Hashim, Siti A'iasah; Ahmad, Shamshad; Jusoh, Mohd Suhaimi [Malaysian Nuclear Agency, Bangi, Selangor (Malaysia); School of Chemicals and Material Engineering, NUST Islamabad (Pakistan); Malaysian Nuclear Agency, Bangi, Selangor (Malaysia)

    2012-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Numerous treatment of gemstones has been going on for hundreds of years for enhancing color and clarity of gems devoid of these attributes. Whereas previous practices included fraudulent or otherwise processes to achieve the color enhancement, the ionizing radiation has proven to be a reliable and reproducible technique. Three types of irradiation processes include exposure to gamma radiation, electron beam irradiation and the nuclear power plants. Electron Beam Irradiation of Gemstone is a technique in which a gemstone is exposed to highly ionizing radiation electron beam to knock off electrons to generate color centers culminating in introduction of deeper colors. The color centers may be stable or unstable. Below 9MeV, normally no radioactivity is introduced in the exposed gems. A study was conducted at Electron Beam Irradiation Centre (Alurtron) for gemstone color enhancement by using different kind of precious gemstones obtained from Pakistan. The study shows that EB irradiation not only enhances the color but can also improves the clarity of some type of gemstones. The treated stones included kunzite, tourmaline, topaz, quartz, aquamarine and cultured pearls. Doses ranging from 25 kGy to 200 KGy were employed to assess the influence of doses on color and clarity and to select the optimum doses. The samples used included both the natural and the faceted gemstones. It is concluded that significant revenue generation is associated with the enhancement of the color in clarity of gemstones which are available at very cheap price in the world market.

  6. Tectonic and deposition model of late Precambrian-Cambrian Arabian and adjoining plates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Husseini, M.I. (Aramco, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

    1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During the late Precambrian, the terranes of the Arabian and adjoining plates were fused along the northeastern flank of the African plate in Gondwanaland. This phase, which ended approximately 640 to 620 Ma, was followed by continental failure (620 to 580 Ma) and intracontinental extension (600 to approximately 550 Ma). During the Infracambrian extensional phase, a triple junction may have evolved near the Sinai Peninsula and may have consisted of the (1) Jordan Valley and Dead Sea rift branch, (2) Sinai and North Egypt rift branch, and (3) the Najd wrench-rift branch. The Najd, Hawasina, and Zagros fault systems may have been transverse faults that accompanied rifting in the Arabian Gulf and Zagros Mountains, southern Oman, Pakistan, and Kerman in central Iran. While the area was extending and subsiding, the Tethys Ocean flooded the eastern side of the Arabian plate and Iran and deposited calcareous clastics, carbonates, and evaporites (including the Hormuz and Ara halites). This transgression extended into the western part of the Arabian plate via the Najd rift system. The termination of the extensional phase during the late Early Cambrian was accompanied by a major regression and terrestrial conditions on the Arabian Peninsula. However, by the Early Ordovician, as sea level peaked to a highstand, the Arabian plate was blanketed with marginal marine sediments. 11 figs., 2 tabs.

  7. Nuclear Naval Propulsion: A Feasible Proliferation Pathway?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Swift, Alicia L.

    2014-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    There is no better time than now to close the loophole in Article IV of the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty (NPT) that excludes military uses of fissile material from nuclear safeguards. Several countries have declared their intention to pursue and develop naval reactor technology, including Argentina, Brazil, Iran, and Pakistan, while other countries such as China, India, Russia, and the United States are expanding their capabilities. With only a minority of countries using low enriched uranium (LEU) fuel in their naval reactors, it is possible that a state could produce highly enriched uranium (HEU) under the guise of a nuclear navy while actually stockpiling the material for a nuclear weapon program. This paper examines the likelihood that non-nuclear weapon states exploit the loophole to break out from the NPT and also the regional ramifications of deterrence and regional stability of expanding naval forces. Possible solutions to close the loophole are discussed, including expanding the scope of the Fissile Material Cut-off Treaty, employing LEU fuel instead of HEU fuel in naval reactors, amending the NPT, creating an export control regime for naval nuclear reactors, and forming individual naval reactor safeguards agreements.

  8. Siachen Science Center: A concept for cooperation at the top of the world

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Biringer, K.L.

    1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    India and Pakistan have engaged in a long-running military dispute in the Siachen Glacier region of the northern Kashmir since 1984. In recent years, several unsuccessful attempts have been made to end the conflict. Despite continuing hostilities, there remains a strong interest in resolving the dispute and eliminating the human and financial costs associated with maintaining troops on the highest battlefield in the world. One resolution to the problem could be the establishment of a scientific research center in the region. The military forces in the region would be replaced with scientists and engineers from both countries who would advance knowledge in science and engineering by operating a high-altitude research station for the study of basic sciences, engineering, and human physiology. The high altitude, remote location, and unique geology would provide an unprecedented opportunity for ground-breaking research. The paper discusses options for such research and precedents, such as the Antarctic Treaty, for research in other hostile environments. 7 figs.

  9. Electrical energy conservation and its application to a sheet glass industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khan, A.Z. [King Fahd Univ. of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia). Dept. of Electrical Engineering] [King Fahd Univ. of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia). Dept. of Electrical Engineering

    1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Electrical energy is the most common and widely used type of energy in the world. The subject of energy conservation is a concern for most energy users particularly industry. Energy Conservation (ECON) becomes even more important for the third world, developing countries, where the rising energy costs and the use of efficient energy apparatus are of significant concern to both the industry and the utility. In this paper, the application of the ECON techniques by which electrical energy can be saved and made cost efficient from the industrial perspective are presented for a sheet-glass industry in a developing country (Pakistan-Asia). The selection, in particular, of a sheet-glass industry was done because electrical energy constitutes only a small amount of the overall energy used. A complete energy conservation guideline is recommended. The load profile and its overall improvement in light of these recommendations is also illustrated along with the proposed utilization of the techniques and their applications. Electrical energy management (EEM) approach for motors, pf, and tariff control is outlined and the emphasis on energy conservation technology has been elaborated. More findings of the application of energy conservation techniques of high significance are presented in the paper.

  10. International perceptions of US nuclear policy.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stanley, Elizabeth A. (Georgetown Universtiy, Washington, DC)

    2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The report presents a summary of international perceptions and beliefs about US nuclear policy, focusing on four countries--China, Iran, Pakistan and Germany--chosen because they span the spectrum of states with which the United States has relationships. A paradox is pointed out: that although the goal of US nuclear policy is to make the United States and its allies safer through a policy of deterrence, international perceptions of US nuclear policy may actually be making the US less safe by eroding its soft power and global leadership position. Broadly held perceptions include a pattern of US hypocrisy and double standards--one set for the US and its allies, and another set for all others. Importantly, the US nuclear posture is not seen in a vacuum, but as one piece of the United States behavior on the world stage. Because of this, the potential direct side effects of any negative international perceptions of US nuclear policy can be somewhat mitigated, dependent on other US policies and actions. The more indirect and long term relation of US nuclear policy to US international reputation and soft power, however, matters immensely to successful multilateral and proactive engagement on other pressing global issues.

  11. Knowledge Elecitation for Factors Affecting Taskforce Productivity using a Questionnaire

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muhammad Sohail; Abdur Rashid Khan

    2009-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we present the process of Knowledge Elicitation through a structured questionnaire technique. This is an effort to depict a problem domain as Investigation of factors affecting taskforce productivity. The problem has to be solved using the expert system technology. This problem is the very first step how to acquire knowledge from the domain experts. Knowledge Elicitation is one of the difficult tasks in knowledge base formation which is a key component of expert system. The questionnaire was distributed among 105 different domain experts of Public and Private Organizations (i.e. Education Institutions, Industries and Research etc) in Pakistan. A total 61 responses from these experts were received. All the experts were well qualified, highly experienced and has been remained the members for selection committees a number of times for different posts. Facts acquired were analyzed from which knowledge was extracted and elicited. A standard shape was given to the questionnaire for further research as a knowledge learning tool. This tool may be used as a standard document for selection and promotion of employees.

  12. Deterring regional threats from nuclear proliferation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spector, L.S.

    1992-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The most prominent shift in the National Military Strategy is from the global Soviet threat to a new focus on regional contingencies. No threat looms larger in these contingencies than the proliferation of nuclear weapons and ballistic missiles. This study examines proliferation trends and proposes a predominately diplomatic strategy for containing the problem. Dr. Spector identifies three waves of proliferation: the first is the five states with declared weapons and doctrine-the United States, Russia, Great Britain, France, and China; the second includes a less visible group that developed a covert capability, without testing weapons or declaring a doctrine of deterrence-for example, Israel, India, and probably Pakistan; and, a third wave of would-be proliferators includes radical states like Iraq, Iran, Libya, and North Korea. Spector's political approach is based on the common interest of wave one and two states to prevent further proliferation. Political-economic incentives have already worked in the cases of Brazil, Argentina, Taiwan, and South Africa-states which appear to have abandoned their nuclear weapons programs. Spector does not rule out the option of military force. Force, especially under international sanctions, can be a powerful tool to back diplomatic efforts. Use of force, however, remains a last resort.

  13. Electric motor systems in developing countries: Opportunities for efficiency improvement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meyers, S.; Monahan, P.; Lewis, P.; Greenberg, S. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Nadel, S. [American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, Washington, DC (United States)

    1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents an overview of the current status and efficiency improvement potential of industrial motor systems in developing countries. Better management of electric motor systems is of particular relevance in developing countries, where improved efficiency can lead to increased productivity and slower growth in electricity demand. Motor systems currently consume some 65--80% of the industrial electricity in developing countries. Drawing on studies from Thailand, India, Brazil, China, Pakistan, and Costa Rica, we describe potential efficiency gains in various parts of the motor system, from the electricity delivery system through the motor to the point where useful work is performed. We report evidence of a significant electricity conservation potential. Most of the efficiency improvement methods we examine are very cost-effective from a societal viewpoint, but are generally not implemented due to various barriers that deter their adoption. Drawing on experiences in North America, we discuss a range of policies to overcome these barriers, including education, training, minimum efficiency standards, motor efficiency testing protocols, technical assistance programs, and financial incentives.

  14. Prospects for coal briquettes as a substitute fuel for wood and charcoal in US Agency for International Development Assisted countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perlack, R.D.; Stevenson, G.G.; Shelton, R.B.

    1986-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fuelwood shortages and potential shortages are widespread throughout the developing world, and are becoming increasingly more prevalent because of the clearing of land for subsistence and plantation agriculture, excessive and inefficient commercial timber harvesting for domestic and export construction, and charcoal production to meet rising urban demands. Further, the environmental and socioeconomic consequences of the resulting deforestation are both pervasive and complex. This report focuses on the substitution of coal briquettes for fuelwood. Although substantial adverse health effects could be expected from burning non-anthracite coal or coal briquettes, a well-developed technique, carbonization, exists to convert coal to a safer form for combustion. The costs associated with briquetting and carbonizing coal indicate that ''smokeless'' coal briquettes can be produced at costs competitive with fuelwood and charcoal. The US Agency for International Development (USAID) is working on implementing this energy option in Haiti and Pakistan by (1) evaluating resources, (2) assessing markets, (3) analyzing technologies, (4) studying government policy and planning, and (5) packaging the idea for the private sector to implement. 26 refs., 2 figs., 12 tabs.

  15. South Asia Water Resources Workshop: An effort to promote water quality data sharing in South Asia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    RAJEN,GAURAV; BIRINGER,KENT L.; BETSILL,J. DAVID

    2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To promote cooperation in South Asia on environmental research, an international working group comprised of participants from Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and the US convened at the Soaltee Hotel in Kathmandu, Nepal, September 12 to 14, 1999. The workshop was sponsored in part by the Cooperative Monitoring Center (CMC) at Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque, New Mexico, through funding provided by the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Nonproliferation and National Security. The CMC promotes collaborations among scientists and researchers in regions throughout the world as a means of achieving common regional security objectives. In the long term, the workshop organizers and participants are interested in the significance of regional information sharing as a means to build confidence and reduce conflict. The intermediate interests of the group focus on activities that might eventually foster regional management of some aspects of water resources utilization. The immediate purpose of the workshop was to begin the implementation phase of a project to collect and share water quality information at a number of river and coastal estuary locations throughout the region. The workshop participants achieved four objectives: (1) gaining a better understanding of the partner organizations involved; (2) garnering the support of existing regional organizations promoting environmental cooperation in South Asia; (3) identifying sites within the region at which data is to be collected; and (4) instituting a data and information collection and sharing process.

  16. Lidar Measurements of the Vertical Distribution of Aerosol Optical and Physical Properties over Central Asia

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Chen, Boris B.; Sverdlik, Leonid G.; Imashev, Sanjar A.; Solomon, Paul A.; Lantz, Jeffrey; Schauer, James J.; Shafer, Martin M.; Artamonova, Maria S.; Carmichael, Gregory R.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The vertical structure of aerosol optical and physical properties was measured by Lidar in Eastern Kyrgyzstan, Central Asia, from June 2008 to May 2009. Lidar measurements were supplemented with surface-based measurements of PM2.5and PM10mass and chemical composition in both size fractions. Dust transported into the region is common, being detected 33% of the time. The maximum frequency occurred in the spring of 2009. Dust transported to Central Asia comes from regional sources, for example, Taklimakan desert and Aral Sea basin, and from long-range transport, for example, deserts of Arabia, Northeast Africa, Iran, and Pakistan. Regional sources are characterized by pollutionmore »transport with maximum values of coarse particles within the planetary boundary layer, aerosol optical thickness, extinction coefficient, integral coefficient of aerosol backscatter, and minimum values of the Ångström exponent. Pollution associated with air masses transported over long distances has different characteristics during autumn, winter, and spring. During winter, dust emissions were low resulting in high values of the Ångström exponent (about 0.51) and the fine particle mass fraction (64%). Dust storms were more frequent during spring with an increase in coarse dust particles in comparison to winter. The aerosol vertical profiles can be used to lower uncertainty in estimating radiative forcing.« less

  17. Comparative analyses for selected clean coal technologies in the international marketplace

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Szpunar, C.B.; Gillette, J.L.

    1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Clean coal technologies (CCTs) are being demonstrated in research and development programs under public and private sponsorship. Many of these technologies could be marketed internationally. To explore the scope of these international opportunities and to match particular technologies with markets appearing to have high potential, a study was undertaken that focused on seven representative countries: Italy, Japan, Morocco, Turkey, Pakistan, the Peoples' Republic of China, and Poland. The results suggest that there are international markets for CCTs and that these technologies can be cost competitive with more conventional alternatives. The identified markets include construction of new plants and refurbishment of existing ones, especially when decision makers want to decrease dependence on imported oil. This report describes potential international market niches for U.S. CCTs and discusses the status and implications of ongoing CCT demonstration activities. Twelve technologies were selected as representative of technologies under development for use in new or refurbished industrial or electric utility applications. Included are the following: Two generic precombustion technologies: two-stage froth-flotation coal beneficiation and coal-water mixtures (CWMs); Four combustion technologies: slagging combustors, integrated-gasification combined-cycle (IGCC) systems, atmospheric fluidized-bed combustors (AFBCs), and pressurized fluidized-bed combustors (PFBCs); and Six postcombustion technologies: limestone-injection multistage burner (LIMB) systems, gas-reburning sorbent-injection (GRSI) systems, dual-alkali flue-gas desulfurization (FGD), spray-dryer FGD, the NOXSO process, and selective catalytic reduction (SCR) systems. Major chapters of this report have been processed separately for inclusion on the data base.

  18. Calibrating the MKAR array using transfer functions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Renwald, M. D. (Marie D.); Taylor, S. R. (Steven R.); Wallace, Terry C.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Developing regional discriminants (RDs) at any given seismic station requires a ground-truth database of waveforms from both earthquakes and explosions. Recently installed stations used for seismic monitoring have no single charge explosions on which to base discriminants. We have developed a procedure to map information from surrogate stations, having a long recording history, to newly installed operational stations. We investigated a method to compute transfer functions using known effective 13Ds for a database of earthquakes and explosions located near the Lop Nor nuclear test site and recorded at the KNET array in Kyrgyzstan. For specific source-station paths, transfer functions work well. However, preliminary analysis of India and Pakistan nuclear tests indicate strong azimuthal dependence in the construction of reliable transfer functions. The success of the preliminary work suggests we can apply the same technique to calibrate the recently installed MKAR array using the Global Seismic Network station MAKZ as a surrogate. Both MKAR, an 11-element array operational since 2000, and MAKZ (including its earlier counterpart MAK), operating very broadband instruments since 1994, are located in Eastern Kazakhstan and separated by 25 km. To perform the calibration requires additional considerations not taken into account during the initial investigation: (1) utilizing amplitude spectra, rather than using RDs, to calculate transfer functions; (2) computing transfer functions for a range of azimuths, as we believe the transfer function are azimuthally dependent; and (3) determining whether working with each array element separately or developing a single-input/multiple-output model will provide more stable results and better error estimates.

  19. India: Asia-Pacific energy series country report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gazdar, M.N.

    1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Resources Programs of the East-West Center series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector. To date, our reports to the US Department of Energy, Assistant Secretary for International Affairs and Energy Emergencies, have covered Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand. The country studies provide an overview of the economic and political situation in the various countries. We have highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. To the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics. Staff members have traveled extensively in-and at times have lived in-the countries under review and have held discussions with senior policymakers in government and industry. Thus, these reports provide not only information but also the latest thinking on energy issues in the various countries. Over the next few years these country studies can be updated and will provide a continuous, long-term source of energy sector analysis for the Asia-Pacific region. This India Asia-Pacific Energy Series Country Report is the follow-on to a study by Victor Lobo, Energy in India: The Oil Sector, which was published by the East-West Center in December 1989. The study focused on the petroleum industry, particularly refining, infrastructure, marketing and distribution, specifications of products, demand structure and pricing. This current study, must be seen as a supplement to our 1989 study and, as such, does not cover the petroleum sector in depth.

  20. Directory of financing sources for foreign energy projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    La Ferla, L. [La Ferla Associates, Washington, DC (United States)

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Office of National Security Policy has produced this Directory of Financing Sources for Foreign Energy Projects. The Directory reviews programs that offer financing from US government agencies, multilateral organizations, public, private, and quasi-private investment funds, and local commercial and state development banks. The main US government agencies covered are the US Agency for International Development (USAID), the Export-Import Bank of the US (EXIM Bank), Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC), US Department of Energy, US Department of Defense, and the US Trade and Development Agency (TDA). Other US Government Sources includes market funds that have been in part capitalized using US government agency funds. Multilateral organizations include the World Bank, International Finance Corporation (IFC), Asian Development Bank (ADB), European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), and various organizations of the United Nations. The Directory lists available public, private, and quasi-private sources of financing in key emerging markets in the Newly Independent States and other developing countries of strategic interest to the US Department of Energy. The sources of financing listed in this directory should be considered indicative rather than inclusive of all potential sources of financing. Initial focus is on the Russian Federation, Ukraine, india, China, and Pakistan. Separate self-contained sections have been developed for each of the countries to enable the user to readily access market-specific information and to support country-specific Departmental initiatives. For each country, the directory is organized to follow the project life cycle--from prefeasibility, feasibility, project finance, cofinancing, and trade finance, through to technical assistance and training. Programs on investment and export insurance are excluded.