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1

Oil enclave economy and sexual liaisons in Nigeria's Niger Delta region.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis examines the intersection of oil enclave economy and the phenomenon of sexual liaisons in Nigeria’s Niger Delta region. The particular focus of this… (more)

Gandu, Yohanna Kagoro

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

CO2 Emissions - Nicaragua  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Central America, South America, and the Caribbean Nations Nicaragua Graphics CO2 Emissions from Nicaragua Data graphic Data CO2 Emissions from Nicaragua image Per capita CO2...

3

Nicaragua | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nicaragua Nicaragua Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Stand-alone and easy to use geographic toolkit that allows non-GIS users to relate the renewable energy resource (solar and wind) data to other geographic data, such as land use, protected areas, elevation, etc. Source NREL Date Released October 31st, 2005 (9 years ago) Date Updated July 06th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords CNE GEF Geospatial Toolkit GIS Nicaragua NREL SUNY SWERA UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Executable Toolkit & Documentation (zip, 42.4 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period 2005 License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL) Comment Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata Average vote Your vote

4

CO2 Emissions - Niger  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Africa Niger Graphics CO2 Emissions from Niger Data graphic Data CO2 Emissions from Niger image Per capita CO2 Emission Estimates for Niger...

5

DNN Cover(pg1).indd  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Mongolia Montenegro Morocco Namibia Nepal Netherlands Nicaragua Niger Nigeria North Korea Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal...

6

Team Bug Bag Biogas For Nicaragua  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Team Bug Bag Biogas For Nicaragua Project Recap The task for Team Bug Bag was to create for under $100 (USD), and be able to produce biogas that could boil water for a thirty minute time period

Demirel, Melik C.

7

CO2 Emissions - Nigeria  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Africa Nigeria Graphics CO2 Emissions from Nigeria Data graphic Data CO2 Emissions from Nigeria image Per capita CO2 Emission Estimates for Nigeria...

8

Nicaragua: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nicaragua: Energy Resources Nicaragua: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":13,"lon":-85,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

9

A New Geothermal Anomaly In Nicaragua | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

A New Geothermal Anomaly In Nicaragua A New Geothermal Anomaly In Nicaragua Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A New Geothermal Anomaly In Nicaragua Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: The information acquired during reconnaissance surface exploration in Nicaragua suggests a large geothermal reservoir in the region of Masaya-Nandaime. The exploration programme included geological, geophysical, geochemical, as well as hydrogeological investigations. Integration of the results from various disciplines permitted postulation of a conceptual model of the reservoir and of the thermal regime within the zone immediately above and around the reservoir. The reservoir with a temperature in excess of 200°C is emplaced at a depth between 2 and 4 km

10

A New Geothermal Resource Map Of Nicaragua | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Map Of Nicaragua Map Of Nicaragua Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: A New Geothermal Resource Map Of Nicaragua Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: A recently completed Geothermal Master Plan Study of Nicaragua assesses the geothermal resource potential of the identified fields and prospects in the country. During the course of the 18-month study, existing data were compiled and evaluated and new exploration work was conducted to determine, for each of ten geothermal resource areas studied: 1) the current level of knowledge about the resource; 2) its exploration or development status; 3) a conceptual model of the geothermal system or systems (incorporating geology, volcanology, geophysics, hydrology, fluid chemistry and geothermometry); 4) estimated recoverable energy reserves; 5)

11

Nigeria - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

‹ Countries Nigeria Last Updated: October 16, 2012 full report Background Nigeria's hydrocarbon resources are the mainstay of the country's economy, but development

12

Maa-Bara : catalyzing change in Nigeria's Niger delta  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Can architecture catalyze economic growth? This thesis serves as a design contribution to the war against poverty by proving that small-scale architectural interventions can propagate large-scale economic growth. It ...

Okiomah, Ogheneruno E. (Ogheneruno Elo)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Integrated: Geospatial Toolkit for Nicaragua from NREL | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nicaragua from NREL Nicaragua from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Stand-alone and easy to use geographic toolkit that allows non-GIS users to relate the renewable energy resource (solar and wind) data to other geographic data, such as land use, protected areas, elevation, etc. (Purpose): The Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment (SWERA) Geospatial Toolkit (GsT) is a map-based software application that can be used for decision making and policy analysis in addition to planning for future energy projects. The SWERA application utilizes Geographical Information Systems (GIS) to develop common scenarios to evaluate potential locations for solar or wind energy plants. (Supplemental Information): The zip file contains the geospatial toolkit executable, Getting Started Document, and metadata.

14

Nicaragua-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nicaragua-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Nicaragua-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Jump to: navigation, search Name Nicaragua-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Agency/Company /Organization World Watch Institute Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.worldwatch.org/node Country Nicaragua Central America References Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model[1] Overview "This project will design a unified low-carbon development strategy for Central America through the use of renewable energy and energy efficiency maps, followed by technical, economic, and social feasibility studies for

15

Incorporation of plastics and other recyclables into building materials in Nicaragua  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For three communities in Nicaragua: Bluefields, Little Corn Island, and Corn Island, incentives are needed to motivate residents to not burn their trash and recyclables. There are various methods that could encourage ...

Ohlmacher, Christopher J

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

NPP Grassland: Olokemeji, Nigeria  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Olokemeji, Nigeria, 1956-1964 PHOTOGRAPH Photograph: Olokemeji site after burning, mid-dry season (click on the photo to view a series of images from this site). Data Citation...

17

CRC handbook of agricultural energy potential of developing countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The contents of this book are: Introduction; Kenya; Korea (Republic of); Lesotho; Liberia; Malagasy; Malawi; Mali; Mauritania; Mexico, Mozambique, Nepal; Nicaragua; Niger; Nigeria; Pakistan; Panama; Paraguay; Peru; Philippines; Rwanda; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Somalia; Sri Lanka; Sudana; Surinam; Swaziland; Tanzania; Thailand; Togo; Uganda; Uruguay; Venezuela; Zaire; Zambia; Appendix I. Conventional and Energetic Yields; Appendix II, Phytomass Files; and References.

Duke, J.A.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

License Exceptions Supplement No. 1 to Part 740 page 1 Export Administration Regulations September 28, 2001  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Group Nuclear Suppliers Group Argentina X X X Australia X X X X Austria1 X X X Belgium X X X X Brazil X Netherlands New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Group D [D: 1] [D: 2] [D: 3] [D: 4] Country National Nuclear Chemical & Missile Security Biological

Bernstein, Daniel

19

Niger: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Niger: Energy Resources Niger: Energy Resources (Redirected from ECOWAS Gateway-Niger) Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":16,"lon":8,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

20

AMF Deployment, Niamey, Niger, West Africa  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

West Africa West Africa Niamey Deployment AMF Home Niamey Home Data Plots and Baseline Instruments RADAGAST Website Rainfall Record (PDF) Publications List, (PDF) Experiment Planning RADAGAST Proposal Outreach Fact Sheets RADAGAST (PDF) Annual Climate Cycle in Niger, Africa (PDF) Posters AMF Poster, French Version We're Going to Sample the Sky in Africa! News Campaign Images AMMA International News AMF Deployment, Niamey, Niger, West Africa In 2006, the ARM Mobile Facility is collecting cloud and atmospheric property measurements from a location near the airport in Niamey, Niger, West Africa. Main Site: 13° 28' 39.15" N, 2° 10' 27.62" E Altitude: 205 meters Ancillary Site: 13° 31' 19.14" N, 2° 37' 56.46" E Altitude: 228.29 meters In January 2006, the second deployment of the ARM Mobile Facility (AMF)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nicaragua niger nigeria" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Niger: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Niger: Energy Resources Niger: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":16,"lon":8,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

22

Towards effective development of Nigeria’s natural gas: lessons from Alberta.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Nigeria has a huge natural gas reserve, but to date this resource has been largely under-developed. This state of affair has impacted negatively on Nigeria’s… (more)

Badejo, Ifueko

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

PRESSURE PREDICTION AND UNDERBALANCED DRILLING IN THE DEEPWATER NIGER DELTA.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The mechanisms that cause overpressure can be broadly classified into two categories: loading and unloading. This study looks at eight wells from the deepwater Niger… (more)

GOODWYNE, OLAR,KAMAL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Niger - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Africa World. Rank . Niger: Production: 0.0220 , 0.0331 , 0.0496 , 0.1433 , 0.1653 , 0.1664 , 0.1367 ...

25

Integrated: Geospatial Toolkit GIS data for Nicaragua from NREL | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nicaragua from NREL Nicaragua from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Geographic Information Systems (GIS) data intended for use in the Geospatial toolkit or with any GIS software. (Purpose): The Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment (SWERA) Geospatial Toolkit (GsT) is a map-based software application that can be used for decision making and policy analysis in addition to planning for future energy projects. The SWERA application utilizes Geographical Information Systems (GIS) to develop common scenarios to evaluate potential locations for solar or wind energy plants. (Supplemental Information): The zip file contains the available geospatial toolkit data and metadata. Each country's data package depends on the data provided by the SWERA partners. ---------------------------------------------------------

26

External costs of oil and gas exploration in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The purpose of this study was to investigate the phenomenal impact of oil and gas exploration on the host communities, with a central focus… (more)

Amaefule, Ezewuchi Fidelis

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

The Momotombo Geothermal Field, Nicaragua: Exploration and development case history study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This case history discusses the exploration methods used at the Momotombo Geothermal Field in western Nicaragua, and evaluates their contributions to the development of the geothermal field models. Subsequent reservoir engineering has not been synthesized or evaluated. A geothermal exploration program was started in Nicaragua in 1966 to discover and delineate potential geothermal reservoirs in western Nicaragua. Exploration began at the Momotombo field in 1970 using geological, geochemical, and geophysical methods. A regional study of thermal manifestations was undertaken and the area on the southern flank of Volcan Momotombo was chosen for more detailed investigation. Subsequent exploration by various consultants produced a number of geotechnical reports on the geology, geophysics, and geochemistry of the field as well as describing production well drilling. Geological investigations at Momotombo included photogeology, field mapping, binocular microscope examination of cuttings, and drillhole correlations. Among the geophysical techniques used to investigate the field sub-structure were: Schlumberger and electromagnetic soundings, dipole mapping and audio-magnetotelluric surveys, gravity and magnetic measurements, frequency domain soundings, self-potential surveys, and subsurface temperature determinations. The geochemical program analyzed the thermal fluids of the surface and in the wells. This report presents the description and results of exploration methods used during the investigative stages of the Momotombo Geothermal Field. A conceptual model of the geothermal field was drawn from the information available at each exploration phase. The exploration methods have been evaluated with respect to their contributions to the understanding of the field and their utilization in planning further development. Our principal finding is that data developed at each stage were not sufficiently integrated to guide further work at the field, causing inefficient use of resources.

None

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Freeport, TX Natural Gas LNG Imports (Price) From Nigeria (Dollars...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Freeport, TX Natural Gas LNG Imports (Price) From Nigeria (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Freeport, TX Natural Gas LNG Imports (Price) From Nigeria (Dollars per Thousand Cubic...

29

Gourmet and Health-Promoting Specialty OilsChapter 9 Niger Seed Oil  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Gourmet and Health-Promoting Specialty Oils Chapter 9 Niger Seed Oil Health Nutrition Biochemistry eChapters Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 9 Niger Seed Oil from the b

30

Production of extremophilic bacterial cellulase enzymes in aspergillus niger.  

SciTech Connect

Enzymes can be used to catalyze a myriad of chemical reactions and are a cornerstone in the biotechnology industry. Enzymes have a wide range of uses, ranging from medicine with the production of pharmaceuticals to energy were they are applied to biofuel production. However, it is difficult to produce large quantities of enzymes, especially if they are non-native to the production host. Fortunately, filamentous fungi, such as Aspergillus niger, are broadly used in industry and show great potential for use a heterologous enzyme production hosts. Here, we present work outlining an effort to engineer A. niger to produce thermophilic bacterial cellulases relevant to lignocellulosic biofuel production.

Gladden, John Michael

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Nigeria-Clean Technology Fund (CTF) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nigeria-Clean Technology Fund (CTF) Nigeria-Clean Technology Fund (CTF) Jump to: navigation, search Name Nigeria-Climate Technology Fund (CTF) Agency/Company /Organization African Development Bank, Asian Development Bank, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Inter-American Development Bank, World Bank Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Geothermal, Transportation Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Nigeria Western Africa References Nigeria-CTF Investment Plan[1] Nigeria-Climate Technology Fund (CTF) Screenshot Overview "The Clean Technology Fund (CTF), one of two Climate Investment Funds, promotes scaled-up financing for demonstration, deployment and transfer of

32

Nigeria: after crude, the gas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Misinterpretation of the laws of the marketplace have already brought Nigeria to the brink of a catastrophe in 1978, when the government had built up heavy stocks expecting a substantial increase in price. When it did not materialize and the production had to be dropped to 50% of the previous rate, in a country where crude constitutes 90% of the export revenues, the system was changed. The new plan is intended to reduce the dependence of Nigeria on oil exports. The production rate is set at between 2.2 and 2.5 million bpd. Due to a significant increase in domestic demand, the 2 existing refineries cannot fill the gap; 2 more refineries are planned. There also are substantial gas reserves; the associated gas, now flared, is to be recovered. A gas liquefaction plant also is in operation, with one-half of the output going to Europe and one-half to the US. Some of the oil and gas is earmarked for local petrochemical plants.

Not Available

1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Mobile Facility Records Annual Climate Cycle in Niger, Africa  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Facility Records Annual Facility Records Annual Climate Cycle in Niger, Africa Because dust can block incoming solar energy, and because solar energy drives weather and climate, scientists around the world are looking for ways to better understand these natural phenomena. In 2006, scientists sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility conducted a year-long field campaign in Niamey, Niger, to provide key information for the African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analyses, or AMMA, project. During the 12-month experiment at the airport in Niamey, researchers used a portable atmospheric laboratory, airplanes, and satellites to collect information about clouds, aerosols, and solar and terrestrial energy in the skies above the site. Measurements obtained

34

Nigeria: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nigeria: Energy Resources Nigeria: Energy Resources (Redirected from ECOWAS Gateway-Nigeria) Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":10,"lon":8,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

35

Nigeria: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nigeria: Energy Resources Nigeria: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":10,"lon":8,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

36

Nigeria - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... leading to losses in arable land and decreasing fish stocks. In addition to oil, Nigeria holds the largest natural gas reserves in Africa, ...

37

Nigeria - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Installed electricity capacity has remained relatively stable ... The Nigeria Electricity Regulatory Commission has also said that new tariffs will be imposed on ...

38

,"U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Nigeria (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Nigeria (MMcf)",1,"Monthly","92013" ,"Release Date:","12122013" ,"Next...

39

Comparative genomics of citric-acid producing Aspergillus niger ATCC 1015 versus enzyme-producing CBS 513.88  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

expression  profiles.   Mol.   Genet.   Genomics  279: Comparative genomics of citric-acid producing Aspergillus2006.  Aspergillus niger genomics: past, present and into 

Grigoriev, Igor V.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Niger-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Niger-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Niger-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Niger-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Niger UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea 2.12 Saint Lucia 2.13 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.14 Samoa 2.15 Tajikistan 2.16 Tonga 2.17 Yemen 2.18 Zambia 3 References Overview "The Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR), approved in November

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nicaragua niger nigeria" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Climate Influences on Meningitis Incidence in Northwest Nigeria  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Northwest Nigeria is a region with high risk of meningitis. In this study, the influence of climate on monthly meningitis incidence was examined. Monthly counts of clinically diagnosed hospital-reported cases of meningitis were collected from ...

Auwal F. Abdussalam; Andrew J. Monaghan; Vanja M. Dukic; Mary H. Hayden; Thomas M. Hopson; Gregor C. Leckebusch; John E. Thornes

42

Nigeria-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nigeria-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network Nigeria-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network (CTI PFAN) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Nigeria-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network (CTI PFAN) Name Nigeria-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network (CTI PFAN) Agency/Company /Organization Climate Technology Initiative (CTI), United States Agency for International Development (USAID), Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) Partner International Centre for Environmental Technology Transfer Sector Energy Focus Area Agriculture, Biomass, - Biofuels, - Landfill Gas, - Waste to Energy, Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Greenhouse Gas, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, - Environmental and Biodiversity, - Health, - Macroeconomic, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -NAMA, -TNA

43

Price of Sabine Pass, LA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Nigeria...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

from Nigeria (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price of Sabine Pass, LA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Nigeria (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3...

44

Price of Lake Charles, LA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Nigeria...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Nigeria (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price of Lake Charles, LA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Nigeria (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4...

45

Price of Elba Island, GA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Nigeria...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Nigeria (Nominal Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price of Elba Island, GA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Nigeria (Nominal Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1...

46

Price of Gulf of Mexico Natural Gas LNG Imports from Nigeria...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Nigeria (Nominal Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price of Gulf of Mexico Natural Gas LNG Imports from Nigeria (Nominal Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2...

47

Scholars from northeast Brazil, Costa Rica, southeast Mexico, Nicaragua, Italy, and the United States gathered for a think-tank international week April 18-22, 2011 to examine Latin America's equity-gap challenges using a community engagement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scholars from northeast Brazil, Costa Rica, southeast Mexico, Nicaragua, Italy, and the United. The keynote address--Brazil's Unified Health System May Promote Social Inequality: Paradox or dialectic/northeastern Brazil constitute nadirs of economic and health inequality. The stunting rates among children

Liu, Taosheng

48

WorldWideScience.org | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mexico, Nepal, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sierra Leone, Spain,...

49

Decision-Making to Reduce Manufacturing Greenhouse Gas Emissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

electricity GHG factors from the WRI - part II [g-CO 2eq /kWh] Nicaragua Nigeria Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Peru Philippines

Reich-Weiser, Corinne

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

U.S. LNG Imports from Nigeria  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Galvan Ranch, TX LNG Imports from Algeria LNG Imports from Australia LNG Imports from Brunei LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea LNG Imports from Indonesia LNG Imports from Malaysia LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD LNG Imports from Norway Cove Point, MD Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Oman LNG Imports from Peru Cameron, LA Freeport, TX LNG Imports from Qatar Elba Island, GA Golden Pass, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other Countries Period: Monthly Annual

51

ICT Integration in Nigeria: The Socio-Cultural Constraints  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the past few decades, there has been a lineal relationship between technology and development-the belief that availability of technology would produce development. This is evident in the advancements in Information and Communication Technologies ICT, ... Keywords: Development, Information and Communication Technology, Integration, Nigeria, Socio-Cultural Factors

Damian O. Eke

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Nigeria-Low Carbon Development Planning in the Power Sector | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nigeria-Low Carbon Development Planning in the Power Sector Nigeria-Low Carbon Development Planning in the Power Sector Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Nigeria-Low Carbon Development Planning in the Power Sector Name Nigeria-Low Carbon Development Planning in the Power Sector Agency/Company /Organization Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Sector Energy Topics Low emission development planning Website http://www.esmap.org/esmap/nod Country Nigeria UN Region Northern Africa References ESMAP[1] Overview "This new program was initiated in 2010 and aims to provide clients with analytical support to develop capacity for low-carbon development in power sector planning. It employs a learning-by doing approach with pilot activities in two countries in the initial stage (Nigeria and Morocco -

53

U.S. LNG Imports from Nigeria  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

International Falls, MN Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Havre, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT North Troy, VT LNG Imports into Cameron, LA LNG Imports into Cove Point, MD LNG Imports into Elba Island, GA LNG Imports into Everett, MA LNG Imports into Freeport, TX LNG Imports into Golden Pass, TX LNG Imports into Gulf Gateway, LA LNG Imports into Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports into Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports into Neptune Deepwater Port LNG Imports into Northeast Gateway LNG Imports into Sabine Pass, LA U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Alamo, TX El Paso, TX Galvan Ranch, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX LNG Imports from Algeria Cove Point, MD Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Australia Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Brunei Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea Elba Island, GA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Indonesia Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Malaysia Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Norway Cove Point, MD Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Oman Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Peru Cameron, LA Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Qatar Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Golden Pass, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf Gateway, LA Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Neptune Deepwater Port Northeast Gateway Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Neptune Deepwater Port Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other Countries Lake Charles, LA Period: Monthly Annual

54

An Economic Analysis of Research and Technology Transfer of Millet, Sorghum, and Cowpeas in Niger  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper has primarily been funded by the Food Security in Africa Cooperative Agreement (DAN-1190-A-00-4092-00) between Michigan State University and the United States Agency for International Development and has received supplementary funding from the Government of Belgium. The work was carried out by the International Service for National Agricultural Research and the Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique du Niger under contracts with Michigan State University with the supervision of Philip Pardey and Eric Crawford. * Research Policies and System Strategies Program, ISNAR ** Dpartement de Recherches en Economie Rurale, INRAN ii

Cowpeas In Niger; Valentina Mazzucato; Samba Ly; Carl Liedholm; Michael T. Weber

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Characterization of a polyketide synthase in Aspergillus niger whose product is a precursor for both dihydroxynaphthalene (DHN) melanin and naphtho-?-pyrone.  

SciTech Connect

The genome sequencing of the fungus Aspergillus niger, an industrial workhorse, uncovered a large cache of genes encoding enzymes thought to be involved in the production of secondary metabolites yet to be identified. Identification and structural characterization of many of these predicted secondary metabolites are hampered by their low concentration relative to the known A. niger metabolites such as the naphtho-?-pyrone family of polyketides. We deleted a nonreducing PKS gene in A. niger strain ATCC 11414, a daughter strain of A. niger ATCC strain 1015 whose genome was sequenced by the DOE Joint Genome Institute. This PKS encoding gene is a predicted ortholog of alb1 from Aspergillus fumigatus which is responsible for production of YWA1, a precursor of fungal DHN melanin. Our results show that the A. niger alb1 PKS is responsible for the production of the polyketide precursor for DHN melanin biosynthesis. Deletion of alb1 elimnates the production of major metabolites, naphtho-?-pyrones. The generation of an A. niger strain devoid of naphtho-?-pyrones will greatly facilitate the elucidation of cryptic biosynthetic pathways in this organism.

Chiang, Yi Ming; Meyer, Kristen M.; Praseuth , Michael; Baker, Scott E.; Bruno, Kenneth S.; Wang, Clay C.

2010-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

56

U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Nigeria (Million Cubic Feet)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Nigeria (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9; 1990's: 0: 0: 0 ...

57

U.S. Imports from Nigeria of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Imports from Nigeria of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products (Thousand Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 ...

58

Stimulating Nigeria's emerging real estate markets : investment opportunities through the public sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In its Global Economics Paper Nc.134, the Goldman Sachs Economics Group highlights the West African country of Nigeria as having the potential to be among the next generation of emerging markets around the world the next ...

Odusote, Oladimeji

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Neoliberal Governmentality, Corporate Responsibility, and the Governing of Citizens in Nigeria: The case of ExxonMobil, Shell, and Chevron.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis investigates how oil corporations in Nigeria govern citizens through the implementation of certain corporate responsibility initiatives. The examination of ExxonMobil, Shell, and Chevron,… (more)

Zawada, Anna

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Development of a Monitoring and Maintenance Program for Residential Wells Used for Groundwater Abstraction in Lagos State, Nigeria.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In rural and urban areas of Nigeria, dependence on groundwater is increasing since the population is growing and high quality, treated municipal water is scarce.… (more)

Talabi, Omogbemiga Adepitan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nicaragua niger nigeria" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

On farm yield and water use response of pearl millet to different management practices in Niger  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pearl millet [Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R.Br.] production under subsistence farmer management on the sandy soils of southwestern Niger is faced with many challenges, including declining soil fertility, highly variable and scarce rainfall and poor resource base of the peasant farmers in the region. This study was conducted to evaluate the potential of management to increase yield and water use efficiency of pearl millet grown on two farmers’ fields in Niger during two growing seasons, 2003 and 2004. The management practices tested were: 1) Five manure treatments (no manure, transported manure, current corralling, a year after corralling, and two years after corralling); 2) The microdose technology (20 kg di-ammonium phosphate ha-1, and 20 kg di-ammonium phosphate ha-1 + 10 kg urea ha-1); and lastly, 3) Three different pearl millet cultivars (Heini Kirei, Zatib, and ICMV IS 89305). In both growing seasons, manure had the greatest effect on the yield and water use of pearl millet at both sites. In 2003 grain yields were 389 kg ha-1 in the NM treatment and 1495 kg ha-1 in the C0 treatment at Banizoumbou whereas at Bagoua, the NM treatment had 423 kg ha-1 vs. 995 kg ha-1 in the C0 treatment. In 2004, the NM treatment at Banizoumbou had 123 kg ha-1 grain yield and the C0 treatment had 957 kg ha-1 whereas at Bagoua the NM treatment had 506 kg ha-1 vs. 1152 kg ha-1 in the C0 treatment. Residual effects of manure led to grain yields in the C1 and C2 treatments which were more than twice as high as in the NM treatment. The improved cultivars were generally superior for grain yields, whereas the local landrace was superior for straw yields at both sites. Root zone drainage was decreased by between 50 to 100 mm, and water use increased by the same amount in the current corrals at the two sites during the two growing seasons. Increased water use under corralling and presence of residual profile moisture at the end of each of the two seasons suggested that water did not limit pearl millet production at the two sites.

Manyame, Comfort

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Overview of observations from the RADAGAST experiment in Niamey, Niger: Meteorology and thermodynamic variables  

SciTech Connect

An overview is presented of the meteorological and thermodynamic data obtained during the RADAGAST experiment in Niamey, Niger, in 2006. RADAGAST (Radiative Atmospheric Divergence using ARM Mobile Facility, GERB data and AMMA STations), combined data from the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program Mobile Facility (AMF) at Niamey airport with broadband satellite data from the Geostationary Earth Radiation Budget (GERB) instrument on Meteosat-8. The experiment was conducted in collaboration with the African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analysis (AMMA) project. The focus in this paper is on the variations through the year of key surface and atmospheric variables. The seasonal advance and retreat of the InterTropical Front (ITF) and the seasonal changes in near-surface variables and precipitation in 2006 are discussed and contrasted with the behavior in 2005 and with long-term averages. Observations from the AMF at Niamey airport are used to document the evolution of near-surface variables and of the atmosphere above the site. There are large seasonal changes in these variables, from the arid and dusty conditions typical of the dry season to the much moister and more cloudy wet season accompanying the arrival and intensification of the West African monsoon. Back trajectories show the origin of the air sampled at Niamey and profiles for selected case studies from rawinsondes and from a MicroPulse Lidar at the AMF site reveal details of typical atmospheric structures. Radiative fluxes and divergences are discussed in the second part of this overview and the subsequent papers in this special section explore other aspects of the measurements and of the associated modeling.

Slingo, A.; Bharmal, N.; Robinson, G. J.; Settle, Jeff; Allan, R. P.; White, H. E.; Lamb, Peter J.; Lele, M.; Turner, David D.; McFarlane, Sally A.; Kassianov, Evgueni I.; Barnard, James C.; Flynn, Connor J.; Miller, Mark

2008-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

63

International RADAGAST Experiment in Niamey, Niger: Changes and Drivers of Atmospheric Radiation Balance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Sahara desert is notorious as a source of massive dust storms. This dust dramatically influences the Earth-atmosphere energy budget through reflecting and absorbing the incoming sunlight. However, this budget is poorly understood, and in particular, we lack quantitative understanding of how the diurnal and seasonal variation of meteorological variables and aerosol properties influence the propagation of solar irradiance through the desert atmosphere. To improve our understanding of these influences, coincident and collocated observations of fluxes, measured from both space and the surface, are highly desirable. Recently, the unique capabilities of the African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analysis (AMMA) Experiment, the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Mobile Facility (AMF), the Geostationary Earth Radiation Budget (GERB) instrument, and the Spinning Enhanced Visible and Infrared Imager (SEVIRI) were combined effectively as part of a large international project: the Radiative Atmospheric Divergence using AMF, GERB data and AMMA Stations (RADAGAST), which took place in Niamey, Niger, in 2006. The RADAGAST objectives, instrumentation, and scientific background are presented in [1]. Initial results from RADAGAST documented the strong radiative impact of a major Saharan dust storm on the Earth’s radiation budget [2]. A special issue of the Journal of Geophysical Research will include a collection of papers with the more complete results from RADAGAST (e.g., [1,3], and references therein). In particular, a year-long time series from RADAGAST are used to investigate (i) the factors that control the radiative fluxes and the divergence of radiation across the atmosphere [3-5], (ii) seasonal changes in the surface energy balance and associated variations in atmospheric constituents (water vapor, clouds, aerosols) [6], and (iii) sensitivity of microphysical, chemical and optical properties of aerosols to their sources and the atmospheric conditions [7]. Here we show retrievals of the aerosol properties from spectrally resolved solar measurements, the simulated and observed radiative fluxes at the surface, and outline factors that control the magnitude and variability of aerosol and radiative properties [8].

Kassianov, Evgueni I.; McFarlane, Sally A.; Barnard, James C.; Flynn, Connor J.; Slingo, A.; Bharmal, N.; Robinson, G. J.; Turner, David D.; Miller, Mark; Ackerman, Thomas P.; Miller, R.

2009-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

64

Surface shortwave aerosol radiative forcing during the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Mobile Facility deployment in Niamey, Niger  

SciTech Connect

This study presents ground-based remote sensing measurements of aerosol optical properties and corresponding shortwave surface radiative effect calculations for the deployment of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program’s Mobile Facility (AMF) to Niamey, Niger during 2006. Aerosol optical properties including aerosol optical depth (AOD), single scattering albedo (SSA), and asymmetry parameter (AP) were derived from multi-filter rotating shadowband radiometer (MFRSR) measurements during the two dry seasons (Jan-Apr and Oct-Dec) at Niamey. The vertical distribution of aerosol extinction was derived from the collocated micropulse lidar (MPL). The aerosol optical properties and vertical distribution of extinction varied significantly throughout the year, with higher AOD, lower SSA, and deeper aerosol layers during the Jan-Apr time period, when biomass burning aerosol layers were more frequent. Using the retrieved aerosol properties and vertical extinction profiles, broadband shortwave surface fluxes and atmospheric heating rate profiles were calculated. Corresponding calculations with no aerosol were used to estimate the aerosol direct radiative effect at the surface. Comparison of the calculated surface fluxes to observed fluxes for non-cloudy periods indicated that the remote sensing retrievals provided a reasonable estimation of the optical properties, with mean differences between calculated and observed fluxes of less than 5 W/m2 and RMS differences less than 25 W/m2. Sensitivity tests for a particular case study showed that the observed fluxes could be matched with variations of < 10% in the inputs to the radiative transfer model. We estimated the daily-averaged aerosol radiative effect at the surface by subtracting the clear calculations from the aerosol calculations. The average daily SW aerosol radiative effect over the study period was -27 W/m2, which is comparable to values estimated from satellite data and from climate models with sophisticated dust parameterizations.

McFarlane, Sally A.; Kassianov, Evgueni I.; Barnard, James C.; Flynn, Connor J.; Ackerman, Thomas P.

2009-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

65

UNAIDS RepoRt oN the globAl AIDS epIDemIc | 2012  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Australia Azerbaijan Bangladesh Belarus Belize Brazil Bulgaria Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Colombia Costa Indonesia Nicaragua Nigeria Pakistan 25­49% Azerbaijan Benin Bolivia Brazil Chile Democratic Republic Hungary Philippines Lebanon Republic of Korea Lithuania Tunisia Serbia Algeria Slovenia Azerbaijan Armenia

Lycan, Deborah E.

66

Overview of observations from the RADAGAST experiment in Niamey, Niger. Part 2: Radiative fluxes and divergences  

SciTech Connect

Broadband shortwave and longwave radiative fluxes observed both at the surface and from space during the RADAGAST experiment in Niamey, Niger in 2006 are presented. The surface fluxes were measured by the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program Mobile Facility (AMF) at Niamey airport, while the fluxes at the top of the atmosphere (TOA) are from the Geostationary Earth Radiation Budget (GERB) instrument on the Meteosat-8 satellite. The data are analyzed as daily averages, in order to minimise sampling differences between the surface and top of atmosphere instruments, while retaining the synoptic and seasonal changes that are the main focus of this study. A cloud mask is used to identify days with cloud from those with predominantly clear skies. The influence of temperature, water vapor, aerosols and clouds is investigated. Aerosols are ubiquitous throughout the year and have a significant impact on both the shortwave and longwave fluxes. The large and systematic seasonal changes in temperature and column integrated water vapor (CWV) through the dry and wet seasons are found to exert strong influences on the longwave fluxes. These influences are often in opposition to each other, because the highest temperatures occur at the end of the dry season when the CWV is lowest, while in the wet season the lowest temperatures are associated with the highest values of CWV. Apart from aerosols, the shortwave fluxes are also affected by clouds and by the seasonal changes in CWV. The fluxes are combined to provide estimates of the divergence of radiation across the atmosphere throughout 2006. The longwave divergence is remarkably constant through the year, because of a compensation between the seasonal variations in the outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) and surface net longwave radiation. A simple model of the greenhouse effect is used to interpret this result in terms of the dependence of the normalized greenhouse effect at the TOA and of the effective emissivity of the atmosphere at the surface on the CWV. It is shown that, as the CWV increases, the atmosphere loses longwave energy to the surface with about the same increasing efficiency with which it traps the OLR, thus keeping the atmospheric longwave divergence roughly constant. The shortwave divergence is mainly determined by the CWV and aerosol loadings and the effect of clouds is much smaller than on the component fluxes.

Slingo, A.; White, H. E.; Bharmal, N.; Robinson, G. J.

2009-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

67

,"Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Nigeria (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Nigeria (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" Nigeria (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Nigeria (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)",1,"Monthly","9/2013" ,"Release Date:","12/12/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/7/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","n9103ng3m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://tonto.eia.gov/dnav/ng/hist/n9103ng3m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.doe.gov"

68

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Reunion Rwanda Saint Helena Sao Tome and Principe ...

69

Uncertainty analysis of the mud infill prediction of the Olokola LNG terminal.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??For a proposed liquefied natural gas export facility, Olokola LNG (OKLNG), located at the western limits of the Niger Delta in Nigeria a 10 km… (more)

Bakker, S.A.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Quantification of Solar Heating of the Dome of a Pyrgeometer for a Tropical Location: Ilorin, Nigeria  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A two-year database (September 1992–August 1994) on global solar radiation and downward infrared radiation measured at Ilorin, Nigeria (8°32?N, 4°34?E), using a precision spectral pyranometer and pyrgeometer, respectively, was analyzed so as to ...

S. O. Udo

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Empirical Modeling of Layered Integrated Water Vapor Using Surface Mixing Ratio in Nigeria  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using the available upper-air data for three stations in Nigeria (Lagos, a coastal station; Minna, an inland station; and Kano, a sub-Sahelian station), an intensive examination has been carried out on the linkage between surface mixing ratio rs ...

B. Adeyemi

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

The triumph of pragmatism: Nigeria's role in the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries  

SciTech Connect

Formed in 1960, the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) became a key participant in the international oil industry after the so-called oil shock in the early 1970s. OPEC's power in world trade increased tremendously during the 1970s and, as oil prices skyrocketed, literature on OPEC proliferated. Although OPEC's demise has often been predicted since its creation; it has, however, endured. Thus study examines OPEC from distinct vantage points: those of regime theory, oligopoly models, and cartel theory. The aim is to gain insight into the activities of the organization as a whole and in terms of the behavior of one of its members, the Government of Nigeria. The objective is to ascertain which of these theories, or aspects of the theories, best describes OPEC's activities and Nigeria's actions as a member. The review of OPEC and Nigeria's role in its demonstrates that OPEC is difficult to classify. It is more than anything, a fluid coalition of Third World countries seeking to improve their national economies by ensuring better prices for crude oil, their chief export product; and helping other Third World countries focus global awareness on the chronic political and economic inequities in the international system. Therefore, OPEC and Nigeria's role is best explained by coalition theory.

Dimah, A.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Risk management practices in IS outsourcing: an investigation into commercial banks in Nigeria  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This research work focuses on the risk management practices adopted by Commercial Banks in Nigeria that are related to the outsourcing of information systems (IS). The need for the research emerged from the lack of studies addressing these problems in ... Keywords: Commercial bank, IS risk management, IS strategic thinking, Information systems outsourcing

Bunmi Cynthia Adeleye; Fenio Annansingh; Miguel Baptista Nunes

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Palm Oil: Production, Processing, Uses, and CharacterizationChapter 10 Palm and Palm Kernel Oil Production and Processing in Nigeria  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Palm Oil: Production, Processing, Uses, and Characterization Chapter 10 Palm and Palm Kernel Oil Production and Processing in Nigeria Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nut

75

Monetization of Nigeria coal by conversion to hydrocarbon fuels through Fischer-Tropsch process  

SciTech Connect

Given the instability of crude oil prices and the disruptions in crude oil supply chains, this article offers a complementing investment proposal through diversification of Nigeria's energy source and dependence. Therefore, the following issues were examined and reported: A comparative survey of coal and hydrocarbon reserve bases in Nigeria was undertaken and presented. An excursion into the economic, environmental, and technological justifications for the proposed diversification and roll-back to coal-based resource was also undertaken and presented. The technology available for coal beneficiation for environmental pollution control was reviewed and reported. The Fischer-Tropsch synthesis and its advances into Sasol's slurry phase distillate process were reviewed. Specifically, the adoption of Sasol's advanced synthol process and the slurry phase distillate process were recommended as ways of processing the products of coal gasification. The article concludes by discussing all the above-mentioned issues with regard to value addition as a means of wealth creation and investment.

Oguejiofor, G.C. [Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka (Nigeria). Dept. of Chemical Engineering

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Recovery and recycling practices in municipal solid waste management in Lagos, Nigeria  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The population of Lagos, the largest city in Nigeria, increased seven times from 1950 to 1980 with a current population of over 10 million inhabitants. The majority of the city's residents are poor. The residents make a heavy demand on resources and, at the same time, generate large quantities of solid waste. Approximately 4 million tonnes of municipal solid waste (MSW) is generated annually in the city, including approximately 0.5 million of untreated industrial waste. This is approximately 1.1 kg/cap/day. Efforts by the various waste management agencies set up by the state government to keep its streets and neighborhoods clean have achieved only minimal success. This is because more than half of these wastes are left uncollected from the streets and the various locations due to the inadequacy and inefficiency of the waste management system. Whilst the benefits of proper solid waste management (SWM), such as increased revenues for municipal bodies, higher productivity rate, improved sanitation standards and better health conditions, cannot be overemphasized, it is important that there is a reduction in the quantity of recoverable materials in residential and commercial waste streams to minimize the problem of MSW disposal. This paper examines the status of recovery and recycling in current waste management practice in Lagos, Nigeria. Existing recovery and recycling patterns, recovery and recycling technologies, approaches to materials recycling, and the types of materials recovered from MSW are reviewed. Based on these, strategies for improving recovery and recycling practices in the management of MSW in Lagos, Nigeria are suggested.

Kofoworola, O.F. [Environment Division, Joint Graduate School of Energy and Environment, King Mongkuts University of Technology Thonburi, 91 Prachauthit Road, Bangmod, Tungkru, Bangkok 10140 (Thailand)], E-mail: sholafemi28@yahoo.com

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES AND TECHNOLOGIES IN NIGERIA: PRESENT SITUATION, FUTURE PROSPECTS AND POLICY FRAMEWORK  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. Nigeria is endowed with abundant energy resources, both conventional and renewable, which provide her with immense capacity to develop an effective national energy plan. However, introduction of renewable energy resources into the nation’s energy mix have implications on its energy budget. The national energy supply system has been projected into the future using MARKAL, a large scale linear optimization model. However, this model may not be absolutely representative of the highly non-linear future of renewable energy. Results of the model reveal that under only a least cost constraint, only large hydro power technology is the prominent commercial renewable energy technology in the electricity supply mix of the country. Despite the immense solar energy potentials available, solar electricity generation is attractive only under severe CO2 emissions mitigation of the nation’s energy supply system. Similarly, the penetration of small-scale hydro power technology in the electricity supply mix is favoured only under CO2 emissions constraints. Due to economy of scale, large hydro power technology takes the lion share of all the commercial renewable energy resources share for electricity generation under any CO 2 emissions constraint. These analyses reveal that some barriers exist to the development and penetration of renewable energy resources for electricity production in Nigeria’s energy supply system. Barriers and possible strategies to overcome them are discussed. Intensive efforts and realistic approach towards energy supply system in the country will have to be adopted in order to adequately exploit renewable energy resources and technologies for economic growth and development.

John-felix K. Akinbami

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Easing the burden of fixed telephone lines on small-scale entrepreneurs in Nigeria: GSM lines to the rescue  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The study reported in this paper investigated the socio-economic characteristics of the adopters of GSM lines and the factors determining the adoption of GSM lines by small-scale entrepreneurs in a major Nigerian city (Ibadan). The results of the study ... Keywords: GSM lines, Nigeria, Small-scale entrepreneurs, Technology adoption

John Olatunji Adeoti; Adetola Ibidunni Adeoti

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

An assessment of the influences of surface and subsurface water level dynamics in the development of gullies in Anambra State, southeastern Nigeria  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Gully erosion induced problems have been challenging the people and government of Anambra State in southeastern Nigeria for a long time. In spite of the numerous geoscientific and engineering studies so far conducted in the area, the underlying ...

Elizabeth I. Okoyeh; Anthony E. Akpan; B. C. E. Egboka; H. I. Okeke

80

Integrated: Geospatial Toolkit for Nicaragua from NREL  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and easy to use geographic toolkit that allows non-GIS users to relate the renewable energy resource (solar and wind) data to other geographic data, such as land use, protected...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nicaragua niger nigeria" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Fuel Ethanol (Renewable) Imports from Nicaragua  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

82

High resolution sequence stratigraphic and reservoir characterization studies of D-07, D-08 and E-01 sands, Block 2 Meren field, offshore Niger Delta  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Meren field, located offshore Niger Delta, is one of the most prolific oil-producing fields in the Niger Delta. The upper Miocene D-07, D-08 and E-01 oil sands comprise a series of stacked hydrocarbon reservoirs in Block 2 of Meren field. These reservoir sandstones were deposited in offshore to upper shoreface environments. Seven depositional facies were identified in the studied interval, each with distinct lithology, sedimentary structures, trace fossils, and wire-line log character. The dominant lithofacies are (1) locally calcite-cemented highly-bioturbated, fine-grained sandstones, (middle to lower shoreface facies); (2) cross-bedded, fine- to medium-grained well-sorted sandstones (upper shoreface facies); (3) horizontal to sub-horizontal laminated, very-fine- to fine-grained sandstone (delta front facies); (4) massive very-fine- to fine-grained poorly-sorted sandstone (delta front facies); (5) muddy silt- to fine-grained wavy-bedded sandstone (lower shoreface facies); (6) very-fine- to fine-grained sandy mudstone (lower shoreface facies); and (7) massive, silty shales (offshore marine facies). Lithofacies have distinct mean petrophysical properties, although there is overlap in the range of values. The highest quality reservoir deposits are cross-bedded sands that were deposited in high-energy upper shoreface environments. Calcite cements in lower shoreface facies significantly reduce porosity and permeability. Integration of core and wire-line log data allowed porosity and permeability to be empirically determined from bulk density. The derived equation indicated that bulk density values could predict 80% of the variance in core porosity and permeability values. Three parasequence sets were interpreted, including one lower progradational and two upper retrogradational parasequence sets. The progradational parasequence set consists of upward-coarsening delta front to upper shoreface facies, whereas the upward-fining retrogradational parasequence sets are composed of middle to lower shoreface deposits overlain by offshore marine shales. The limited amount of core data and the relatively small area of investigation place serious constraints on stratigraphic interpretations. Two possible sequence stratigraphic interpretations are presented. The first interpretation suggests the deposits comprise a highstand systems tract overlain by a transgressive systems tract. A lowstand systems tract is restricted to an incised valley fill at the southeastern end of the study area. The alternate interpretation suggests the deposits comprise a falling stage systems tract overlain by transgressive systems tract.

Esan, Adegbenga Oluwafemi

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Design and Implementation of an Enhanced Power Billing System for Electricity Consumers in Nigeria  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In Nigeria, electricity consumers are often faced with the problems of inaccurate, irrational and delay in monthly billing due to the drawback in reading pattern and human errors. Thus, it is essential to have an efficient and effective system for such purposes via electronic platform with consideration to proximity. This paper presents the design and functional significance of a web-based application with online capability called Power Billing System (PBS). PBS is a solution system developed with Microsoft Visual Web Development IDE; being an Object Oriented Design tool from Microsoft Visual Studio.net collection and Microsoft Access with SQL query for back-end database. It measures accurately the electric power consumed by residential or commercial buildings which is more economical compared to the electromechanical devices. Individual consumer and the utility companies can directly monitor and control electric power supply billing without engaging the services of meter readers. It displays the sale rate of electrical power per unit and the consumed power per minute. It provides environment to maintain the consumer details right from connection and performance information to the management. It is an Intranet and Internet based software solution that ensures timely

Adegboye Adegboyega; Ayeni A. Gabriel; Alawode J. Ademola; Azeta I. Victor; Kaduna Nigeri

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

PU Kenya KE Lesotho LT Liberia LI Libya LY Madagascar MA Malawi MI Mali ML Mauritania MR Mauritius MP Morocco MO Mozambique MZ Namibia WA Niger NG Nigeria NI Reunion ...

85

Slump dominated upper slope reservoir facies, Intra Qua Iboe (Pliocene), Edop Field, offshore Nigeria  

SciTech Connect

An integration of sedimentologic and 3D seismic data provides a basis for unraveling complex depositional processes and sand distribution of the Intra Qua Iboe (IQI) reservoir (Pliocene), Edop Field, offshore Nigeria. Nearly 3,000 feet of conventional core was examined in interpreting slump/slide/debris flow, bottom current, turbidity current, pelagic/hemipelagic, wave and tide dominated facies. The IQI was deposited on an upper slope in close proximity to the shelf edge. Through time, as the shelf edge migrated seaward, deposition began with a turbidite channel dominated slope system (IQI 1 and 2) and progressed through a slump/debris flow dominated slope system (IQI 3, the principal reservoir) to a tide and wave dominated, collapsed shelf-edge deltaic system (IQI 4). Using seismic time slices and corresponding depositional facies in the core, a sandy {open_quotes}fairway{open_quotes} has been delineated in the IQI 3. Because of differences in stacking patterns of sandy and muddy slump intervals, seismic facies show: (1) both sheet-like and mounded external forms (geometries), and (2) parallel/continuous as well as chaotic/hummocky internal reflections. In wireline logs, slump facies exhibits blocky, coarsening-up, fining-up, and serrated motifs. In the absence of conventional core, slump facies may be misinterpreted and even miscorrelated because seismic facies and log motifs of slumps and debris flows tend to mimic properties of turbidite fan deposits. The slump dominated reservoir facies is composed of unconsolidated fine-grained sand. Thickness of individual units varies from 1 to 34 feet, but amalgamated intervals reach a thickness of up to 70 feet and apparently form connected sand bodies. Porosity commonly ranges from 20 to 35%. Horizontal permeability commonly ranges from 1,000 to 3,000 md.

Shanmugam, G. [Mobil Research and Development Corp., Dallas, TX (United States); Hermance, W.E.; Olaifa, J.O. [Mobil Producing Nigeria, Lagos (Nigeria)

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Total Net Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the U.S.  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Country: Total All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iran Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Afghanistan Albania Andora Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djbouti Dominica Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Ethiopia Eritrea Estonia Fiji Finland France French Pacific Islands French Guiana Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guinea Guyana Haiti Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea, South Kutubu Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lebanon Liberia Lithuania Macau S.A.R. Macedonia Madagascar Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Midway Islands Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Namibia Nepal Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papau New Guinea Paracel Islands Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia St. Kitts and Nevis St. Lucia St. Pierre and Miquelon St. Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Sri Lanka Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Togo Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Vietnam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen Yugoslavia Other Non OPEC Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

87

Total All Countries Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Destination: Total All Countries Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andora Angola Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahama Islands Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Bermuda Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djbouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Pacific Islands Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guinea Guyana Haiti Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Jordon Kazakhstan Kenya Korea, South Korea, North Kyrgyzstan Kutubu Kuwait Latvia Lebanon Liberia Libya Lithuania Macau S.A.R. Macedonia Madagascar Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Midway Islands Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Namibia Nepal Netherlands Netherlands/Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papau New Guinea Paracel Islands Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Romania Russia St. Kitts and Nevis St. Lucia St. Pierre and Miquelon St. Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Soloman Islands South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Tonga Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela Vietnam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen Yugoslavia Zambia Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

88

Nicaragua-San Jacinto-Tizate Geothermal Power Project | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geothermal Power Project AgencyCompany Organization Inter-American Development Bank Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Geothermal Topics Background analysis...

89

Nicaragua - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

US EIA provides data, forecasts, country analysis brief and other analyses, focusing on the energy industry including oil, natural gas and electricity.

90

Integrated: Geospatial Toolkit GIS data for Nicaragua from NREL...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

that can be used for decision making and policy analysis in addition to planning for future energy projects. The SWERA application utilizes Geographical Information Systems...

91

Newsletter Signup Form  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EETD NEWSLETTER - MANAGE SUBSCRIPTIONS EETD NEWSLETTER - MANAGE SUBSCRIPTIONS (red fields are required) Manage subscriptions: Subscribe Unsubscribe Name E-Mail Affiliation Address Address (line 2) City State/Province Zip/Postal Code Country (please select a country) none Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Andorra Angola Anguilla Antarctica Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegowina Botswana Bouvet Island Brazil British Indian Ocean Territory Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Colombia Comoros Congo Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Cook Islands Costa Rica Cote d'Ivoire Croatia (Hrvatska) Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic East Timor Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Faroe Islands Fiji Finland France France, Metropolitan French Guiana French Polynesia French Southern Territories Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guam Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Heard and Mc Donald Islands Holy See (Vatican City State) Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Republic of Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macau Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mayotte Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Moldova, Republic of Monaco Mongolia Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norfolk Island Northern Mariana Islands Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Pitcairn Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Reunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint LUCIA Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia (Slovak Republic) Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Spain Sri Lanka St. Helena St. Pierre and Miquelon Sudan Suriname Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Taiwan, Province of China Tajikistan Tanzania, United Republic of Thailand Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States United States Minor Outlying Islands Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela Viet Nam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Wallis and Futuna Islands Western Sahara Yemen Yugoslavia Zambia Zimbabwe

92

BioCarbon Fund Project Portfolio | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Portfolio Portfolio Jump to: navigation, search Name BioCarbon Fund Project Portfolio Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Land Focus Area Forestry Topics Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Website http://wbcarbonfinance.org/Rou Country Albania, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ethiopia, Honduras, India, Kenya, Madagascar, Mali, Moldova, Nicaragua, Niger, Uganda Southern Europe, Eastern Asia, South America, Central America, Eastern Africa, Central America, Southern Asia, Eastern Africa, Eastern Africa, Western Africa, Eastern Europe, Central America, Western Africa, Eastern Africa References BioFund Projects[1] Background "The BioCarbon Fund provides carbon finance for projects that sequester or conserve greenhouse gases in forests, agro- and other ecosystems. Through

93

Nigeria`s oil production behavior: Tests of alternative hypotheses  

SciTech Connect

The sudden quadrupling of world oil prices in 1973-1974 marked the beginning of several formal inquiries by economists into the production behavior of members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). Interest in the organization was further heightened in 1979 when nominal oil prices further doubled. However, oil market analysts have differed in their evaluation of OPEC`s role in the determination of world oil prices. Most energy economists have modeled OPEC as a cartel. Morris Adelman has suggested that OPEC`s true nature lies somewhere between two polar cases of a dominant-firm industry and an imperfect, market-sharing cartel. In the former case, one large, dominant firm (i.e., Saudi Arabia) serves as the {open_quotes}swing producer,{close_quotes} allowing other cartel members and non-OPEC oil producers to produce whatever they wished, controlling the market price by itself through its own output adjustments. The latter case of an imperfect market-sharing cartel is a loose collusive arrangement in which all members agree on an acceptable price level and individual output shares for each producer. Adelman believes that OPEC wobbles between these two cases, depending upon market conditions.

Awokuse, T.O.; Jones, C.T.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

94

West African Clean Energy Gateway-Resource Assessment | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

African Clean Energy Gateway-Resource Assessment African Clean Energy Gateway-Resource Assessment Jump to: navigation, search Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Clean Energy Gateway Home | About | News | Links | Help | Countries Benin | Burkina Faso | Cape Verde | Gambia | Ghana | Guinea| Guinea-Bissau | Ivory Coast | Liberia | Mali | Niger | Nigeria | Senegal | Sierra Leone | Togo Countries ECREEE light.JPG FBenin.png FBurkinaFaso.png FCapeVerde.png FGambia.png FGhana.png FGuinea.png FGuinea-Bissau.png Benin Burkina Faso Cape Verde Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau FIvoryCoast.png FLiberia.png FMali.png FNiger.png FNigeria.png FSenegal.png FSierraLeone.png FTogo.png Ivory Coast Liberia Mali Niger Nigeria Senegal Sierra Leone Togo SWERA-thumb.jpg The SWERA landing page allows for the quick browsing of global data layers.

95

ECOWAS Clean Energy Gateway-Links | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » ECOWAS Clean Energy Gateway-Links Jump to: navigation, search Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Clean Energy Gateway Home | About | News | Links | Help | Countries Benin | Burkina Faso | Cape Verde | Gambia | Ghana | Guinea| Guinea-Bissau | Ivory Coast | Liberia | Mali | Niger | Nigeria | Senegal | Sierra Leone | Togo Countries ECREEE light.JPG FBenin.png FBurkinaFaso.png FCapeVerde.png FGambia.png FGhana.png FGuinea.png FGuinea-Bissau.png Benin Burkina Faso Cape Verde Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau FIvoryCoast.png FLiberia.png FMali.png FNiger.png FNigeria.png FSenegal.png FSierraLeone.png FTogo.png Ivory Coast Liberia Mali Niger Nigeria Senegal Sierra Leone Togo

96

ECOWAS Clean Energy Gateway-Policy/ProgramDesign | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ECOWAS Clean Energy Gateway-Policy/ProgramDesign ECOWAS Clean Energy Gateway-Policy/ProgramDesign Jump to: navigation, search Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Clean Energy Gateway Home | About | News | Links | Help | Countries Benin | Burkina Faso | Cape Verde | Gambia | Ghana | Guinea| Guinea-Bissau | Ivory Coast | Liberia | Mali | Niger | Nigeria | Senegal | Sierra Leone | Togo Countries ECREEE light.JPG FBenin.png FBurkinaFaso.png FCapeVerde.png FGambia.png FGhana.png FGuinea.png FGuinea-Bissau.png Benin Burkina Faso Cape Verde Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau FIvoryCoast.png FLiberia.png FMali.png FNiger.png FNigeria.png FSenegal.png FSierraLeone.png FTogo.png Ivory Coast Liberia Mali Niger Nigeria Senegal Sierra Leone Togo Background → Design → Implementation →

97

ECOWAS Clean Energy Gateway-News | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

News News Jump to: navigation, search Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Clean Energy Gateway Home | About | News | Links | Help | Countries Benin | Burkina Faso | Cape Verde | Gambia | Ghana | Guinea| Guinea-Bissau | Ivory Coast | Liberia | Mali | Niger | Nigeria | Senegal | Sierra Leone | Togo Countries ECREEE light.JPG FBenin.png FBurkinaFaso.png FCapeVerde.png FGambia.png FGhana.png FGuinea.png FGuinea-Bissau.png Benin Burkina Faso Cape Verde Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau FIvoryCoast.png FLiberia.png FMali.png FNiger.png FNigeria.png FSenegal.png FSierraLeone.png FTogo.png Ivory Coast Liberia Mali Niger Nigeria Senegal Sierra Leone Togo Regional News Renewable Energy News Today-West Africa Renewable Energy News Failed to load RSS feed from http://renewableenergy.einnews.com/xml/west-africa/: Error fetching URL: Operation timed out after 5000 milliseconds with 0 bytes received

98

Gateway:ECOWAS Clean Energy Gateway | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ECOWAS Clean Energy Gateway ECOWAS Clean Energy Gateway Jump to: navigation, search Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Clean Energy Gateway Home | About | News | Links | Help | Countries Benin | Burkina Faso | Cape Verde | Gambia | Ghana | Guinea| Guinea-Bissau | Ivory Coast | Liberia | Mali | Niger | Nigeria | Senegal | Sierra Leone | Togo Countries ECREEE light.JPG FBenin.png FBurkinaFaso.png FCapeVerde.png FGambia.png FGhana.png FGuinea.png FGuinea-Bissau.png Benin Burkina Faso Cape Verde Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau FIvoryCoast.png FLiberia.png FMali.png FNiger.png FNigeria.png FSenegal.png FSierraLeone.png FTogo.png Ivory Coast Liberia Mali Niger Nigeria Senegal Sierra Leone Togo West Africa Organizations, Programs, and Tools Countries (15)

99

ECOWAS Clean Energy Gateway-Transportation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ECOWAS Clean Energy Gateway-Transportation ECOWAS Clean Energy Gateway-Transportation Jump to: navigation, search Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Clean Energy Gateway Home | About | News | Links | Help | Countries Benin | Burkina Faso | Cape Verde | Gambia | Ghana | Guinea| Guinea-Bissau | Ivory Coast | Liberia | Mali | Niger | Nigeria | Senegal | Sierra Leone | Togo Countries ECREEE light.JPG FBenin.png FBurkinaFaso.png FCapeVerde.png FGambia.png FGhana.png FGuinea.png FGuinea-Bissau.png Benin Burkina Faso Cape Verde Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau FIvoryCoast.png FLiberia.png FMali.png FNiger.png FNigeria.png FSenegal.png FSierraLeone.png FTogo.png Ivory Coast Liberia Mali Niger Nigeria Senegal Sierra Leone Togo Introduction→ Step 1 Step 2 Step 3 Step 4

100

ECOWAS Clean Energy Gateway-About | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ECOWAS Clean Energy Gateway-About ECOWAS Clean Energy Gateway-About Jump to: navigation, search Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Clean Energy Gateway Home | About | News | Links | Help | Countries Benin | Burkina Faso | Cape Verde | Gambia | Ghana | Guinea| Guinea-Bissau | Ivory Coast | Liberia | Mali | Niger | Nigeria | Senegal | Sierra Leone | Togo Countries ECREEE light.JPG FBenin.png FBurkinaFaso.png FCapeVerde.png FGambia.png FGhana.png FGuinea.png FGuinea-Bissau.png Benin Burkina Faso Cape Verde Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau FIvoryCoast.png FLiberia.png FMali.png FNiger.png FNigeria.png FSenegal.png FSierraLeone.png FTogo.png Ivory Coast Liberia Mali Niger Nigeria Senegal Sierra Leone Togo The ECOWAS Centre for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency (ECREEE) is

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101

Energy System and Scenario Analysis Toolkit | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Jump to: navigation, search Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Clean Energy Gateway Home | About | News | Links | Help | Countries Benin | Burkina Faso | Cape Verde | Gambia | Ghana | Guinea| Guinea-Bissau | Ivory Coast | Liberia | Mali | Niger | Nigeria | Senegal | Sierra Leone | Togo Countries ECREEE light.JPG FBenin.png FBurkinaFaso.png FCapeVerde.png FGambia.png FGhana.png FGuinea.png FGuinea-Bissau.png Benin Burkina Faso Cape Verde Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau FIvoryCoast.png FLiberia.png FMali.png FNiger.png FNigeria.png FSenegal.png FSierraLeone.png FTogo.png Ivory Coast Liberia Mali Niger Nigeria Senegal Sierra Leone Togo What analysis tools and methods can I use to study my country's energy system? Understanding approaches

102

ECOWAS Clean Energy Gateway-Organizations and Networks | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ECOWAS Clean Energy Gateway-Organizations and Networks ECOWAS Clean Energy Gateway-Organizations and Networks Jump to: navigation, search Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Clean Energy Gateway Home | About | News | Links | Help | Countries Benin | Burkina Faso | Cape Verde | Gambia | Ghana | Guinea| Guinea-Bissau | Ivory Coast | Liberia | Mali | Niger | Nigeria | Senegal | Sierra Leone | Togo Countries ECREEE light.JPG FBenin.png FBurkinaFaso.png FCapeVerde.png FGambia.png FGhana.png FGuinea.png FGuinea-Bissau.png Benin Burkina Faso Cape Verde Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau FIvoryCoast.png FLiberia.png FMali.png FNiger.png FNigeria.png FSenegal.png FSierraLeone.png FTogo.png Ivory Coast Liberia Mali Niger Nigeria Senegal Sierra Leone Togo Registered Technical and Research Organizations

103

The Effect of War and Its Aftermath on Land Use and Land Cover in Jinotega, Nicaragua  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Return Outcomes in Bosnia- Herzegovina a Decade Beyond War.Agricultural Land in Bosnia-Herzegovina After the 1992-1995was seen after the Bosnia-Herzegovina war when the war left

Zeledon, Esther Beatriz

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

From Resource Management to Political Activism: Civil Society Participation in Nicaragua's Rural Water Governance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of differentiated energy tariffs for CAPS whose waterof differentiated energy tariffs for CAPS (Art. 25); andinclude differentiated energy tariffs, tax exemptions for

Romano, Sarah T.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

From Resource Management to Political Activism: Civil Society Participation in Nicaragua's Rural Water Governance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

government officials and state agencies. Successful CPRsor agreements, between state agencies and the internationalofficials, and state agencies? Drawing upon interviews with

Romano, Sarah T.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Figure 1. Nicaragua at night. The circled area is the Bluefields region.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

volt car battery, a radio, and the bulbs, switches and wiring needed to provide electric lighting of the world's population, live without access to electricity. Over 99% of these people live in developing countries and four out of five live in rural areas1 . As electricity is the most efficient fuel source

Kammen, Daniel M.

107

Niger - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

US EIA provides data, forecasts, country analysis brief and other analyses, focusing on the energy industry including oil, natural gas and electricity.

108

TECNOSOL | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

navigation, search Name TECNOSOL Place Contigua a Panader-a Norma, Nicaragua Sector Hydro, Solar, Wind energy Product Nicaragua-based solar, wind, and hydroelectric system...

109

Nigeria - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... heating oil, diesel, propane ... which have resulted in unplanned outages as high as 500,000 barrels ... receiving 24% of the total in 2012. The ...

110

U.S. LNG Imports from Nigeria  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT North Troy, VT LNG Imports into Cameron, LA LNG Imports into Cove Point, MD LNG Imports into Elba Island,...

111

U.S. LNG Imports from Nigeria  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Springs, VT U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Galvan Ranch, TX LNG Imports from Algeria LNG Imports from Australia LNG Imports from Brunei LNG Imports...

112

The Greening of Capitalist Agriculture in Nigeria  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

political line. Wheat and flour: In 1981, wheat imports werewheat occupies a key position in Nigerian industrialization. There are s ix flour

Dunmoye, R. Ayo

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Total Crude Oil and Products Imports from All Countries  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Country: All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Albania Argentina Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Cameroon Canada Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Estonia Finland France Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibralter Greece Guatemala Guinea Hong Kong Hungary India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liberia Lithuania Malaysia Malta Mauritania Mexico Midway Islands Morocco Namibia Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Zealand Nicaragua Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papua New Guinea Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia Senegal Singapore Slovakia South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Thailand Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vietnam Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen

114

Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cost, low?carbon rural energy  services.  Energy Policy, 39(Modi, V.  (2005).  Energy services for the poor (New York, of low?carbon energy services in rural communities.  The 

Casillas, Christian E.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lifetime costs for wind/solar integration into Orinoco and Lifetime costs for wind/solar integration into Orinoco and biogas, as well as integration of wind and solar.    The 

Casillas, Christian E.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

street lights  . light sensors on the street lights do not function, and installation Smaller street lights Biogas  Reduce diesel 

Casillas, Christian E.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wind turbine . have taken me from wind turbines to playing games with diesel plant capacity Wind turbine (class 2) Replace street 

Casillas, Christian E.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fuels   Feed?in tariffs for renewable energy technologies  as the  marginal tariff rate x energy saved.    Taking into energy costs relative to baseline diesel  generation supply and tariff 

Casillas, Christian E.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

biogas/anaerobic_digestion/casestudy.pdf  Aycrigg, M.  (of biogas from  the anaerobic digestion of animal waste.  production through anaerobic digestion, or oil  extraction 

Casillas, Christian E.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

House, D.  W.  (2006).  Biogas Handbook.  Alternative House term operation of a  small biogas/diesel dual?fuel engine generation with  biogas in Costa Rica.  Retrieved from 

Casillas, Christian E.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nicaragua niger nigeria" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the case of diesel microgrids.  SAPIENS, 5(1), 1–9.  Rural Electrification Using Microgrids.  Journal of Energy the case with diesel microgrids.  While grid extension is 

Casillas, Christian E.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

lifetime costs for both wind and solar.   Thus, energy energy generated by the wind or sun before the grid is in  operation, which contributes to slightly elevated system costs.  cost of  conserved energy curves, calculated for the class1 and class 2 wind 

Casillas, Christian E.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Limitations of the advection-diffusion equation for modeling tephra fallout: 1992 eruption of Cerro Negro Volcano, Nicaragua.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Detailed mapping and granulometric analyses of the 1992 Cerro Negro tephra blanket reveal remarkable departures from the expected distribution of tephra. Isomass maps show that… (more)

Martin, Kristin Terese

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GtCO 2 ?eq/yr)  Energy Supply  Industry  Forestry/Forests of energy supply, transportation, buildings, industry, 

Casillas, Christian E.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

well as residential electricity bills.  The poverty metrics s analysis of monthly electricity bills in Orinoco and trouble paying the electricity bill, which is three times 

Casillas, Christian E.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Estimating the potential returns to research and development from sorghum value added products in El Salvador and Nicaragua.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench is a drought tolerant crop able to adapt to hot and dry weather. It has excellent chemical and physical properties, which… (more)

Jaen Celada, Jaeljattin R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

E.  I. , Barley, C.  D. , & Drouilhet, S.  (1997).  Diesel Baring?Gould, Barley, & Drouilhet, 1997; IEG, 2008; Solano?

Casillas, Christian E.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

African Biofuel & Renewable Energy Fund (ABREF) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biofuel & Renewable Energy Fund (ABREF) Biofuel & Renewable Energy Fund (ABREF) Jump to: navigation, search Name African Biofuel & Renewable Energy Fund (ABREF) Agency/Company /Organization African Biofuel & Renewable Energy Compnay (ABREC) Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Biomass, - Biofuels Website http://www.bidc-ebid.com/en/fo Country Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Ivory Coast, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa References African Biofuel & Renewable Energy Fund (ABREF)[1]

129

National Action Programmes on Desertification | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Programmes on Desertification Programmes on Desertification Jump to: navigation, search Name National Action Programmes on Desertification Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification Sector Land Focus Area Forestry, Agriculture Topics Co-benefits assessment, GHG inventory, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type Publications Website http://www.unccd.int/actionpro Country Algeria, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chad, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

130

Forest Stewardship Standards A Survival Guide  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: Karlis Latisenko Nicaragua: Jaime Rafael Guillen Russia: Yuri Pautov Sweden: Peter Roberntz, Per Larsson

131

The Impact of Launching Surgery at the District Level in Niger  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

effects of this training program for generalist physiciansDescription of surgical training program Students chosen toSupervision of these training programs in the different

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Abstract Masaya volcano (560 m a.s.l.), Nicaragua, re-sumed its degassing activity in mid-1993 with the con-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) to characterise the dispersion of the gas emissions around the volcano, (2) to investigate the influence dispersion of the gas plume by the north-easterly trade winds over a 80­85° sector, which is equivalent). These observations suggest that the terrain topog- raphy strongly influences gas dispersion in the Masaya area

Mucci, Alfonso

133

LAC Regional Platform Workshop Insurance & Visas | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya Kirguizistn Kosovo Kuwait Lesotho Liberia * Lybia Lebanon Madagascar Malaysia Malawi Mali Morocco Mauritania Moldavia Mongolia Mozambique Namibia Nepal Nicaragua...

134

CHILE, A FOOD POWER: THE IMPORTANCE OF THE ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... well as 35 laboratories from Argentina, Peru, Brazil, Panamá, Nicaragua, Ecuador among others. GRAFICO N°1 RESULTADOS ...

2012-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

135

Nigeria: Mapping the Shari`a Restorationist Movement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

thus leaving Nige­ rian pilgrims subject to deportationGumi as the first Nigerian Pilgrims' Officer in Saudi Arabiathus unaccept­ able as pilgrims (Loimeier 1997, 160). In

Lubeck, Paul M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Nigeria - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Petroleum & Other Liquids. Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids. ...

137

Evaluation of the neighborhood environment walkability scale in Nigeria  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Petticrew M: The physical environment and physical activity:BE, Handy SL: Built environment correlates of walking: aBergman P: Neighborhood environments and physical activity

Oyeyemi, Adewale L; Sallis, James F; Deforche, Benedicte; Oyeyemi, Adetoyeje Y; De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse; Van Dyck, Delfien

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Nigeria: Mapping the Shari`a Restorationist Movement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and ascetic rigor of esoteric spiritual exercises. Thus theconcept of tarbiyya (e.g. , esoteric spiritual education)inward, toward realizing an esoteric communal experience,

Lubeck, Paul M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Nigeria - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Current recipients are Volta River Authority's Takoradi Thermal Power Plant in Ghana and Electricity Community of Benin (CEB), a company co-owned by Benin and Togo.

140

Nigeria - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Pipeline sabotage from oil theft and poorly maintained, aging pipelines have caused oil spills. The oil spills have resulted in land, air, and water ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nicaragua niger nigeria" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Nigeria-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

164 clean energy projects have been inducted into the CTI PFAN Project Development Pipeline, of which 34 have achieved financial closure with over US412 million of investment...

142

Total Crude Oil and Products Imports from Nigeria  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

143

The Currency Revolution in Southern Nigeria 1880-1948  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

may be gained from the stock-taking exercises effected byTreasury. The first stock-taking on March 2.2, 1880,Chilean dollars A second stock-taking on April 28, 1880,

Ibekwe Ofonagoro, Walter

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

The Currency of Revolution in Southern Nigeria: 1880-1948  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

may be gained from the stock-taking exercises effected byTreasury. The first stock-taking on March 2.2, 1880,Chilean dollars A second stock-taking on April 28, 1880,

Ibekwe Ofonagoro, Walter

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Nigeria - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... militants came to an agreement with the government whereby they handed over weapons in exchange for cash payments and training opportunities.

146

Impact Assessment Toolkit | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Impact Assessment Toolkit Jump to: navigation, search Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Clean Energy Gateway Home | About | News | Links | Help | Countries Benin | Burkina Faso | Cape Verde | Gambia | Ghana | Guinea| Guinea-Bissau | Ivory Coast | Liberia | Mali | Niger | Nigeria | Senegal | Sierra Leone | Togo Countries ECREEE light.JPG FBenin.png FBurkinaFaso.png FCapeVerde.png FGambia.png FGhana.png FGuinea.png FGuinea-Bissau.png Benin Burkina Faso Cape Verde Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau FIvoryCoast.png FLiberia.png FMali.png FNiger.png FNigeria.png FSenegal.png FSierraLeone.png FTogo.png

147

ECOWAS Clean Energy Gateway-Finance | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » ECOWAS Clean Energy Gateway-Finance Jump to: navigation, search Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Clean Energy Gateway Home | About | News | Links | Help | Countries Benin | Burkina Faso | Cape Verde | Gambia | Ghana | Guinea| Guinea-Bissau | Ivory Coast | Liberia | Mali | Niger | Nigeria | Senegal | Sierra Leone | Togo Countries ECREEE light.JPG FBenin.png FBurkinaFaso.png FCapeVerde.png FGambia.png FGhana.png FGuinea.png FGuinea-Bissau.png Benin Burkina Faso Cape Verde Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau FIvoryCoast.png FLiberia.png FMali.png FNiger.png FNigeria.png FSenegal.png FSierraLeone.png FTogo.png

148

USAID West Africa Climate Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

West Africa Climate Program West Africa Climate Program Jump to: navigation, search Name USAID West Africa Climate Program Agency/Company /Organization U.S. Agency for International Development Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Forestry, Agriculture Topics Background analysis Website http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/ Country Ghana, Togo, Benin, Senegal, Niger, Nigeria, Mali, Liberia, Gambia, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Sierra Leone, Mauritania, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Cameroon, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Chad, Sao Tome and Principe, Cape Verde Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Western Africa, Middle Africa, Middle Africa, Middle Africa, Middle Africa, Middle Africa, Western Africa

149

West African Clean Energy Gateway-Software Analysis Tools | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » West African Clean Energy Gateway-Software Analysis Tools Jump to: navigation, search Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Clean Energy Gateway Home | About | News | Links | Help | Countries Benin | Burkina Faso | Cape Verde | Gambia | Ghana | Guinea| Guinea-Bissau | Ivory Coast | Liberia | Mali | Niger | Nigeria | Senegal | Sierra Leone | Togo Countries ECREEE light.JPG FBenin.png FBurkinaFaso.png FCapeVerde.png FGambia.png FGhana.png FGuinea.png FGuinea-Bissau.png Benin Burkina Faso Cape Verde Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau FIvoryCoast.png FLiberia.png FMali.png FNiger.png FNigeria.png FSenegal.png FSierraLeone.png FTogo.png

150

ECOWAS Clean Energy Gateway-Help | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » ECOWAS Clean Energy Gateway-Help Jump to: navigation, search Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Clean Energy Gateway Home | About | News | Links | Help | Countries Benin | Burkina Faso | Cape Verde | Gambia | Ghana | Guinea| Guinea-Bissau | Ivory Coast | Liberia | Mali | Niger | Nigeria | Senegal | Sierra Leone | Togo Countries ECREEE light.JPG FBenin.png FBurkinaFaso.png FCapeVerde.png FGambia.png FGhana.png FGuinea.png FGuinea-Bissau.png Benin Burkina Faso Cape Verde Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau FIvoryCoast.png FLiberia.png FMali.png FNiger.png FNigeria.png FSenegal.png FSierraLeone.png FTogo.png

151

ECOWAS Clean Energy Gateway-Technology Data | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » ECOWAS Clean Energy Gateway-Technology Data Jump to: navigation, search Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Clean Energy Gateway Home | About | News | Links | Help | Countries Benin | Burkina Faso | Cape Verde | Gambia | Ghana | Guinea| Guinea-Bissau | Ivory Coast | Liberia | Mali | Niger | Nigeria | Senegal | Sierra Leone | Togo Countries ECREEE light.JPG FBenin.png FBurkinaFaso.png FCapeVerde.png FGambia.png FGhana.png FGuinea.png FGuinea-Bissau.png Benin Burkina Faso Cape Verde Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau FIvoryCoast.png FLiberia.png FMali.png FNiger.png FNigeria.png FSenegal.png FSierraLeone.png FTogo.png

152

Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO) - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

of November, three of Nigeria’s crude streams (Qua Iboe, Forcados, and Brass River) were under force ...

153

Emulating the fast-start swimming performance of the Chain Pickerel (Esox niger) using a mechanical fish design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mean maximum start-up accelerations and velocities achieved by the fast-start specialist, northern pike, are reported at 120 ms-2 and 4 ms-1, respectively (Harper and Blake, 1990). In this thesis, a simple mechanical system ...

Watts, Matthew Nicholas

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Characterization and space/time downscaling of the inundation extent over the Inner Niger Delta using GIEMS and MODIS data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Our objective is to develop downscaling methodologies to obtain long time record of inundation extent at high spatial resolution, based on the existing low spatial resolution results of the Global Inundation Extent from Multi-Satellite dataset. In ...

Filipe Aires; Fabrice Papa; Catherine Prigent; Jean-François Crétaux; Muriel Berge-Nguyen

155

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Data from Niamey, Niger for the Radiative Atmospheric Divergence using AMF, GERB and AMMA Stations (RADAGAST)  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

The Office of Biological and Environmental Research in DOE's Office of Science is responsible for the ARM Program. The ARM Archive physically resides at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

156

A geospatial analysis of market integration: the case of the 2004/5 food crisis in Niger  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Agricultural Market Information System (SIMA) of Nigerinfrastructure and information may inhibit market integra-the absence of information about how markets are related and

Shin, Michael

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

CI-OFF Ex A (Rev. 0.2, 4/9/13) Exhibit A General Conditions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Israel, Mexico, Morocco, Nicaragua, Oman, Peru, or Singapore); or (3) A least developed country (Afghanistan, Angola, Bangladesh,...

158

The Heroic Framing of US Foreign Policy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lebanon, Libya, Nicaragua, Pakistan, Panama, Saudi Arabia,Since 1979, the US and Pakistan have had a relationshipis governed mainly by Pakistan’s antagonistic relations with

Shaw, Emily D.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mozambique, Nicaragua, Peru, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, South Africa, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Tunisia, Uganda, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, Zimbabwe Western...

160

DPI403 NORRIS FALL 2009 8/13/2009 12:31 PM DEMOCRATIC GOVERNANCE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SALVADOR HONDURAS NICARAGUA COSTA RICA PANAMÁ COLOMBIA VENEZUELA ECUADOR PER� BRASIL BOLIVIA PARAGUAY CHILE NICARAGUA VENEZUELA BRASIL BOLIVIA URUGUAY ARGENTINA JAMAICA HAITÍ REP. DOMINICANA TRINIDAD Y TOBAGO (incluyendoa Venezuela)seconcentrael25%dela biodiversidaddelplaneta. EnlosAndes estánpresentes84delas114zonasde

Milchberg, Howard

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nicaragua niger nigeria" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Export.gov - NI Home page  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

nicaragüenses nicaragüenses Register | Manage Account Search Our Site Click to Search Our Site Export.gov Home Opportunities By Industry By Country Market Research Trade Events Trade Leads Free Trade Agreements Solutions International Sales & Marketing International Financing International Logistics Licenses & Regulations Trade Data & Analysis Trade Problems Locations Domestic Offices International Offices FAQ Blog Connect Home > Nicaragua Local Time: Print | E-mail Page Nicaragua Nicaragua Home Doing Business in Nicaragua Market Research on Nicaragua Services for U.S. Companies Trade Events SelectUSA U.S.-Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) The Staff Contact Us Our Worldwide Network About Us Press Room Other Central American Markets Other American Markets Other Worldwide Markets

162

U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Nigeria (Million Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 1997 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1998 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1999 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2000 0 0 0 0 0 2,488 2,496 2,510 2,658...

163

Nigeria, the largest crude oil producer in Africa, is a major ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Comprehensive data summaries, comparisons, analysis, and projections integrated across all energy sources. Highlights This Week in Petroleum ...

164

Nigeria Net Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the U.S.  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

165

Perceived crime and traffic safety is related to physical activity among adults in Nigeria  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Loukaitou-Sideris A, Eckc JE: Crime prevention and activeOyeyemi et al: Perceived crime and traffic safety is relatedARTICLE Open Access Perceived crime and traffic safety is

Oyeyemi, Adewale L; Adegoke, Babatunde O; Sallis, James F; Oyeyemi, Adetoyeje Y; De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

The Effects of Chinese Petroleum Diplomacy on US Energy Policy Objectives in Nigeria (1993-2010).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The United States and China have turned to Africa as an additional source of oil to ensure reliable, secure access to oil supplies in the… (more)

Leapley, Jennifer Lynn

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Analysis of Water Vapor over Nigeria Using Radiosonde and Satellite Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Satellite Application Facility on Climate Monitoring (CM-SAF) focuses on retrieving geophysical parameters from satellite data by using inversion schemes that are based on radiative transfer theory. In this study, the focus is on the daily ...

Babatunde Adeyemi; Schulz Joerg

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

A non-linear programming model for insurance company investment portfolio management in Nigeria  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As the crucial mainstay for insurance industry to survive and develop, the insurance investment enables insurance companies to offset their possible underwriting losses and make a considerable profit. There have been many issues that affect the investment ...

Emmanuel Olateju Oyatoye; Waheed Oladimeji Arilesere

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

U.S. Exports to Nigeria of Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel (Thousand Barrels)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec; 2008: 276: 586: 551: 241: 2009: 313: 592: 594: 2010: 276: 249: 300: 751: 328: 295: 285: 276: 303: 2011: 277: 563 ...

170

Variability and the Severity of the “Little Dry Season” in Southwestern Nigeria  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Little Dry Season (LDS) of West Africa is manifested as a decline in both the frequency and amount of daily rainfall for a number of weeks halfway through the rainy season. The mean or climatological LDS is derived from the slope of the ...

James O. Adejuwon; Theophilus O. Odekunle

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

U.S. Net Imports from Nigeria of Crude Oil and Petroleum ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec; 1995: 625: 463: 687: 467: 603: 687: 696: 482: 851: 641: 645: 652: 1996: 690: 646: 594: 518: 705: ...

172

Tropical timber import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Papua New Guinea & the Solomon Islands  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

] assess the extent of any fraud in the volumes and export values declared by enterprises which supply logs) correlates closely with loss of carbon capture. (The prospective market for palm oil as a fuel is contracting

173

Petroleum and Natural Gas Outlook  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Saudi Arabia, and Nigeria Bears ... Nigeria Bears Slowing economic and oil demand growth More supply Inventory recovery More capacity growth Milder winter weather ...

174

Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for 1980 (NDP-055)  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the contents of a digital database containing maximum potential aboveground biomass, land use, and estimated biomass and carbon data for 1980. The biomass data and carbon estimates are associated with woody vegetation in Tropical Africa. These data were collected to reduce the uncertainty associated with estimating historical releases of carbon from land use change. Tropical Africa is defined here as encompassing 22.7 x 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of the earth's land surface and is comprised of countries that are located in tropical Africa (Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Benin, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Guinea-Bissau, Zimbabwe (Rhodesia), Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Burkina Faso (Upper Volta), Zaire, and Zambia). The database was developed using the GRID module in the ARC/INFO{trademark} geographic information system. Source data were obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. National Geophysical Data Center, and a limited number of biomass-carbon density case studies. These data were used to derive the maximum potential and actual (ca. 1980) aboveground biomass values at regional and country levels. The land-use data provided were derived from a vegetation map originally produced for the FAO by the International Institute of Vegetation Mapping, Toulouse, France.

Brown, S.

2002-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

175

Design of fuel efficient brick kiln for ceramic water filter firing in Ghana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ceramic water filters are currently produced in Ghana in order to provide a household solution to contaminated water. These filters, locally branded with the name Kosim filter by originating from Potters for Peace-Nicaragua, ...

Adjorlolo, Eric (Eric James Kofi)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Cove Point, MD Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Nigeria (Million Cubic Feet) Cove Point, MD Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from Nigeria (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2011...

177

Lake Charles, LA Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Nigeria (Million Cubic Feet) Lake Charles, LA Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from Nigeria (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

178

Gulf Gateway, LA Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Nigeria (Million Cubic Feet) Gulf Gateway, LA Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from Nigeria (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

179

Elba Island, GA Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Nigeria (Million Cubic Feet) Elba Island, GA Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from Nigeria (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6...

180

Sabine Pass, LA Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

from Nigeria (Million Cubic Feet) Sabine Pass, LA Natural Gas Liquefied Natural Gas Imports from Nigeria (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nicaragua niger nigeria" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Exploring the enabling approach to housing through the Abuja Mass Housing Scheme  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The magnitude of the housing problem in Nigeria is immense; the current deficit is around 12 to 16 million units. Government attempts to address housing availability has been a recurring theme throughout Nigeria's history. ...

Umoh, Nse (Nseabasi Effiong)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Short-Term Energy Outlook - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Libya, and Nigeria (Africa); Ecuador and Venezuela (South America); Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates ...

183

Register as a New User  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Nigeria, Norfolk Island, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Pitcairn Island, Poland, Ponape, Portugal ...

184

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Indonesia; Iran; Iraq; Japan; Kazakhstan; Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; ...

185

World Institute for Nuclear Security Workshop at Y-12 Brings...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Countries represented at the workshop include Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, Indonesia, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Malaysia, Mexico, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, South...

186

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Wind › Geothermal › ... India; Indonesia; Iran; Iraq; Japan; Kazakhstan; Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar;

187

Nepal - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Wind › Geothermal › ... India; Indonesia; Iran; Iraq; Japan; Kazakhstan; Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar;

188

Saudi Arabia - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Wind › Geothermal › ... India; Indonesia; Iran; Iraq; Japan; Kazakhstan; Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar;

189

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

, Kazakhstan + , Mexico + , Morocco + , Nigeria + , Philippines + , South Africa + , Thailand + , Tunisia + ProgramSector Climate + , Energy + ProgramTopics Background analysis +...

190

Browse wiki | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

, Kazakhstan + , Mexico + , Morocco + , Nigeria + , Philippines + , South Africa + , Thailand + , Turkey + , Ukraine + , Vietnam + ProgramSector Climate + , Energy + ProgramTopics...

191

Climate Technology Fund (CTF) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

India, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Mexico, Morocco, Nigeria, Philippines, South Africa, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, Vietnam South America, South America, Northern Africa, Southern...

192

Alteration Patterns In Volcanic Rocks Within An East-West Traverse Through  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Patterns In Volcanic Rocks Within An East-West Traverse Through Patterns In Volcanic Rocks Within An East-West Traverse Through Central Nicaragua Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Alteration Patterns In Volcanic Rocks Within An East-West Traverse Through Central Nicaragua Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: The volcanic rocks investigated in a cross-section between the Pacific and Atlantic coasts of Nicaragua - with the exception of Recent and some Pleistocene lavas - are incipiently to strongly altered. Alteration patterns on different scales can be discerned in the Tertiary sequences: (i) a regional burial diagenesis or very low-grade burial metamorphism at the low-temperature end of the zeolite facies (mordenite subfacies) with an inferred thermal gradient of < 50°C/km, grading into (ii) a geothermal

193

Moving Images Against The Current: The Aesthetics and Geopolitics of (Im)mobility in Contemporary Europe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the labor force at the uranium mine in Arlit. 143 Simone’sThe French built a uranium mine at Arlit in Niger during the

Bayraktar, Nilgun

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Biosciences Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

nidulans , A. niger Soil, wood rot Cellulomonas fimi Soil Agaricus bisporus Compost Cellvibrio japonicus Soil Coprinus truncorum Soil, compost Cytophaga hutchinsonii ...

195

Die Jontophorese der mit medikamentö  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flora, 131. N.F. 31, 87--112, 1936. Die bevorzugte Aufnahme saurer Farbstoffe bei hoher Wasserstoffionen- konzentration der die Zellen yon Asperffillus niger ...

196

Slide 1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

include extended operations in the diverse environments of Niamey, Niger and Germany's Black Forest. Capitalizing on the AMF's continuous record of vertically pointing 95 GHz...

197

Petrochemical and Mineralogical Constraints on the Source and Processes of Uranium Mineralisation in the Granitoids of Zing-Monkin Area, Adamawa Massif, NE Nigeria  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Zing-Monkin area, located in the northern part of Adamawa Massif, is underlain by extensive exposures of moderately radioactive granodiorites, anatectic migmatites, equigranular granites, porphyritic granites and highly radioactive fine-grained granites with minor pegmatites. Selected major and trace element petrochemical investigations of the rocks show that a progression from granodiorite through migmatite to granites is characterised by depletion of MgO, CaO, Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3,} Sr, Ba, and Zr, and enrichment of SiO{sub 2} and Rb. This trend is associated with uranium enrichment and shows a chemical gradation from the more primitive granodiorite to the more evolved granites. Electron microprobe analysis shows that the uranium is content in uranothorite and in accessories, such as monazite, titanite, apatite, epidote and zircon. Based on petrochemical and mineralogical data, the more differentiated granitoids (e.g., fine-grained granite) bordering the Benue Trough are the immediate source of the uranium prospect in Bima Sandstone within the Trough. Uranium was derived from the granitoids by weathering and erosion. Transportation and subsequent interaction with organic matter within the Bima Sandstone led to precipitation of insoluble secondary uranium minerals in the Benue Trough.

Haruna, I. V., E-mail: vela_hi@yahoo.co.uk [Federal University of Technology, Geology Department (Nigeria); Orazulike, D. M. [Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Geology Programme (Nigeria); Ofulume, A. B. [Federal University of Technology, Geosciences Department (Nigeria); Mamman, Y. D. [Federal University of Technology, Geology Department (Nigeria)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

198

Precious Coral Fisheries of Hawaii and the U.S. Pacific Islands Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,India,Kenya,LesserSunda Islands,Malaysia,NewCaledonia,New Guinea,Nicaragua,Philippines,Samoa. Solomon.Trop.Bot.Gard.(740137-001)from seedcollectedfromcultivatedplantson Kauai,parentplantfromMoorea,French Polynesia Andaman,MalukuIslands,MascareneIslands, NewCaledonia,NewGuinea,NicobarIslands, Philippines,RyukyuIslands,Seychelles, Sri

199

OBSERVING THE OCEAN IN THE 2000'S: A STRATEGY FOR THE ROLE OF ACOUSTIC TOMOGRAPHY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,India,Kenya,LesserSunda Islands,Malaysia,NewCaledonia,New Guinea,Nicaragua,Philippines,Samoa. Solomon.Trop.Bot.Gard.(740137-001)from seedcollectedfromcultivatedplantson Kauai,parentplantfromMoorea,French Polynesia Andaman,MalukuIslands,MascareneIslands, NewCaledonia,NewGuinea,NicobarIslands, Philippines,RyukyuIslands,Seychelles, Sri

Dushaw, Brian

200

NEWS FOR ECE ILLINOIS ALUMNI AND FRIENDS SPRING 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Nicaragua is a much-needed safety factor," says Anders Sonnenburg (EE'08), Xcel Energy Strategic Technol Aeronautic and Space Administration, and local partners Xcel Energy, Minnesota Power, Great River Energy including Xcel and Great River Energy. In addition, Prof. Mohan was recognized as a University of Minnesota

Liu, Gang "Logan"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nicaragua niger nigeria" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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201

2010 Environmental Benefits Report Minnesota Technical Assistance Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Nicaragua is a much-needed safety factor," says Anders Sonnenburg (EE'08), Xcel Energy Strategic Technol Aeronautic and Space Administration, and local partners Xcel Energy, Minnesota Power, Great River Energy including Xcel and Great River Energy. In addition, Prof. Mohan was recognized as a University of Minnesota

Minnesota, University of

202

95 12 18 12 14 ( ) TaiwanICDF _ 3/5  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

95 12 18 12 14 ( ) 2006.12.05 70 TaiwanICDF _ 3/5 2006.11.30 Nicaragua TaiwanICDF 10/1-10/4 Universidad Americana Thomas More TaiwanICDF TaiwanICDF #12;95 12 18 12 14 ( ) Thomas More Thomas More Thomas More Thomas More

Huang, Haimei

203

Off Oro-Ago Crescent  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(IFPRI) aims to strengthen evidence-based policymaking in Nigeria in the areas of rural and agricultural development. In collaboration with the Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources, NSSP supports the implementation of Nigeria’s national development plans by strengthening agricultural-sector policies and strategies through: Enhanced knowledge, information, data, and tools for the analysis, design, and implementation of pro-poor, gender-sensitive, and environmentally sustainable agricultural and rural development polices and strategies in Nigeria; Strengthened capacity for government agencies, research institutions, and other stakeholders to carry out and use applied research that directly informs agricultural and rural polices and strategies; and Improved communication linkages and consultations between policymakers, policy analysts, and policy beneficiaries on agricultural and rural development policy issues. ABOUT THESE BACKGROUND PAPERS The Nigeria Strategy Support Program (NSSP) Background Papers contain preliminary material and research results from IFPRI and/or its partners in Nigeria. The papers are reviewed by at least one

Kolawole Adebayo; Suresh Babu; Valerie Rhoe; Www. Ifpri. Org

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Off Oro-Ago Crescent  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

aims to strengthen evidence-based policymaking in Nigeria in the areas of rural and agricultural development. In collaboration with the Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources, NSSP supports the implementation of Nigeria’s national development plans by strengthening agricultural-sector policies and strategies through: Enhanced knowledge, information, data, and tools for the analysis, design, and implementation of pro-poor, gender-sensitive, and environmentally sustainable agricultural and rural development polices and strategies in Nigeria; Strengthened capacity for government agencies, research institutions, and other stakeholders to carry out and use applied research that directly informs agricultural and rural polices and strategies; and Improved communication linkages and consultations between policymakers, policy analysts, and policy beneficiaries on agricultural and rural development policy issues. ABOUT THESE WORKING PAPERS The Nigeria Strategy Support Program (NSSP) Working Papers contain preliminary material and research results from IFPRI and/or its partners in Nigeria. They have not gone through IFPRI’s official peer review

In Kano; Saweda L. O. Liverpool-tasie; Afua B. Banful; Babatunde Olaniyan; Www. Ifpri. Org

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

EIA Short-Term and Winter Fuels Outlook - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Global Economic Growth OPEC Production Decisions Nigeria Venezuela Refinery Outages 8 ... 5-year historical ... year-ago average. Continued high crude costs, ...

206

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Kazakhstan; Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria ...

207

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Kazakhstan; Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria ...

208

--No Title--  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Malaysia Source: Energy Information Administration, based on data from the Office of Fossil Energy, U.S. Department of Energy, Natural Gas Imports and Exports. Nigeria Qatar Oman...

209

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Iran; Iraq; Japan; Kazakhstan; Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and ...

210

The Theory of Human Development: A Cross-Cultural Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jordan Egypt Moldova Iran Azerbaijan Zimbabwe Developed FarAlbania Belarus Nigeria Azerbaijan Egypt Yugosl. ChinaORTHODOX EASTERN EUROPE Azerbaijan PROTESTANT WESTERN ZONE

Welzel, Christian; Inglehart, Ronald; Klingemann, Hans-Dieter

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

What's your plan for 2025?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Jute 98% India, Bangladesh, China, Myanmar Soybeans 88% USA, Brazil, Argentina, China Cocoa 78% Côte d'Ivoire, Indonesia, Ghana, Nigeria ...

2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

212

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Fig35 Short-Term Energy Outlook, October 2013 Estimated Unplanned Crude Oil Production Outages (thousand bbls/day) Iran Libya Nigeria Iraq Total Source: Short-Term ...

213

A new approach to measuring technology with an application to the ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jan 25, 2008 ... Indonesia. 39. Nigeria. 37. Turkey. 57. Central African. Republic. 20. Iran. 41. North Korea. 23. Turkmenistan. 12. Chad. 21. Iraq. 34. Norway. 65.

214

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #193: December 3, 2001 Oil...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the Persian Gulf, and the United States Notes: Current OPEC members include Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates,...

215

Country Names used in SPIRES  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nigeria North Korea Norway Oman Pakistan Palestine Papua New Guinea Peru Philippines Poland Polynesia Portugal Qatar Romania Russia Rwanda Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia and...

216

LEDSGP/about/Latin America and Caribbean Regional Platform |...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(EBRD) Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) World Bank Algeria Egypt Indonesia Jordan Kazakhstan Mexico Morocco Nigeria Philippines South Africa Thailand Tunisia Caribbean...

217

Nigerian coal power stations : their future in the light of global warming / E.N. Eziukwu.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Nigeria is presently being faced with a growing electricity demand problem following its population growth rate. The total installed capacity is far less than the… (more)

Eziukwu, Emenike Nduaka

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Clean Technology Fund (CTF) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Indonesia, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Mexico, Morocco, Nigeria, Philippines, South Africa, Thailand, Tunisia UN Region South-Eastern Asia References Middle East and North Africa...

219

Waste Management Sector Network (WMSN) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mozambique Nepal Nigeria Panama Philippines Rwanda Senegal South Africa Tanzania Thailand Togolese Republic Trinidad and Tobago Uganda Ukraine Vietnam Zambia Climate...

220

January 2013 Most Viewed Documents for Materials | OSTI, US Dept...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Technology, PMB 1526, Owerri (Nigeria), E-mail: oguziemeka@yahoo.com Superconducting wind turbine generators Abrahamsen, A B; Seiler, E; Zirngibl, T; Andersen, N H Materials...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nicaragua niger nigeria" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Electronic Waste - Not in my backyard.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This report examines the economical effects, and environmental and health wise risks of exporting electronic waste from the European Union to Nigeria. The report accounts… (more)

Simonsen, Camilla Bruun

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria; Thailand ...

223

Slide08 | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Current Information Partners in WorldWideScience.org (cont.) Kenya Korea Lesotho Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Malawi Mauritius The Netherlands New Zealand Nigeria Portugal Senegal South...

224

Malaysia - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria; Thailand ...

225

Bulgaria - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria; Thailand ...

226

Afghanistan - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria; Thailand ...

227

United States - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria; Thailand ...

228

Japan - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria; Thailand ...

229

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria; Thailand ...

230

Countries - Data - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria; Thailand ...

231

Electricity Prices for Industry - EIA - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria; Thailand ...

232

C:\\Annual\\VENTCHAP.V8\\NGA02.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Malaysia Trinidad Canada Canada Nigeria Oman Qatar Trinidad Trinidad Brunei Gulf of Mexico Gulf of Mexico Gulf of Mexico Interstate Movements of Natural Gas in the United States,...

233

Strengthening the Nigerian Sovereign Investment Authority: A Policy Analysis of the Nigerian Excess Crude Account and the Nigerian Sovereign Investment Authority Act  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IMF, Nigeria’s oil production should peak in the next fewoil producing country, production increases rapidly in the first few years eventually peaks, andoil prices in late 2008 contributed to a rapid drawdown of the ECA balance from a peak

Ugwuibe, Cynthia

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Watch Out for the Snakes! 21 Biologists and one Physicist in a Rain Forest  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Watch Out for the Snakes! 21 Biologists and one Physicist in a Rain Forest Watch Out for the Snakes! 21 Biologists and one Physicist in a Rain Forest in Nicaragua Speaker(s): Donald Grether Date: June 29, 2007 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Don, his wife Becky, and their granddaughter Briana recently returned from spending almost three weeks at a field station in a rain forest in Nicaragua, along with UCLA faculty members, graduate students, and undergraduates. Our location was way off the beaten track, even for "eco-tourists", and could only be reached by a three-hour boat trip on Rio San Juan. No hot water or space heating or cooling, running water most but not all of the time, no electricity in our rooms, no windows, and no Internet. Sort of like a near-zero energy building. Don's presentation will include photos that give some sense of why we went, what it took to

235

Technical Report - Central America Wind Energy Resource Assessment | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Central America Wind Energy Resource Assessment Central America Wind Energy Resource Assessment Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): This document describes the development of detailed high-resolution (1 km2) wind energy resource maps for the region of Central America that includes the countries of Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua. (Purpose): To provide information on the wind resource potential within the following countries in Central America: Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua. Source NREL Date Released August 21st, 2006 (8 years ago) Date Updated August 21st, 2006 (8 years ago) Keywords Central America documentation GEF NREL SWERA UNEP wind Data application/pdf icon Download Report (pdf, 60.9 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage

236

File:Central America 50m Wind Power.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

America 50m Wind Power.pdf America 50m Wind Power.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Central America - 50m Wind Power Size of this preview: 463 × 599 pixels. Other resolution: 464 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,275 × 1,650 pixels, file size: 1.54 MB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Central America - 50m Wind Power Description Central America - 50m Wind Power Sources NREL Related Technologies Wind Creation Date 2004/10/22 Extent International Countries Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua UN Region Central America Coordinates 13.846614265322°, -85.703613460064° 50 m wind power density (W/m2) maps of Central America provide information on the wind resource potential within the following countries in Central America: Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua.

237

Solar: hourly solar (direct normal (DNI), global horizontal (GHI), and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nicaragua from SUNY Nicaragua from SUNY Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Zip file contains year-site specific files including time series of global, direct and diffuse irradiance (Purpose): The time series are useful for performing site specific simulation of customized solar energy systems (Supplemental Information): Each file's name identifies year and location, by listing Country_City_latitude-longitude_year, e.g., EL_SALVADOR_San_Salvador_13.75-89.15_98.out is for the city of San Salvador, in El Salvador, latitude 13.75 degrees, longitude -89.15 degrees, year 1998. The content of each file includes A one line header, listing latitude, longitude and ground elevation in meters,Hourly records including, year, month, day, time (GMT), global irradiance, direct irradiance and

238

Gateway:América Latina | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Latina Latina Jump to: navigation, search Banner vertical.jpg Energías Renovables Energia_solar Solar Eolica Eólica Geotermica Geotérmica Hidráulica Hidráulica Biomasa Biomasa Marina Marina Centros Latinoamericanos Desarrollo de Proyectos Marco Regulatorio Países Latinoamericanos Argentina Argentina Bolivia Bolivia Brazil Brazil Chile Chile Colombia Colombia Costa Rica Costa Rica Cuba Cuba Ecuador Ecuador El Salvador El Salvador Guatemala Guatemala Haiti Haiti Honduras Honduras Mexico Mexico Nicaragua Nicaragua Panama Panama Paraguay Paraguay Peru Peru Republica Dominicana Dominican Republic Uruguay Uruguay Venezuela Venezuela Otros sitios de interés Reegle, el motor de búsqueda de energías renovables y eficiencia energética Power Technologies Energy Data Book Asociación Latinoaméricana de Energía Eólica

239

Comparison of Simulated and Observed Continental Tropical Anvil Clouds and Their Radiative Heating Profiles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vertically pointing millimeter-wavelength radar observations of anvil clouds extending from mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) that pass over an Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program (ARM) field site in Niamey, Niger, are compared to anvil ...

Scott W. Powell; Robert A. Houze Jr.; Anil Kumar; Sally A. McFarlane

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Soil Moisture Modeling Based on Multiyear Observations in the Sahel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two simple soil moisture models useful for drought monitoring and climate change studies were proposed, based on 4-yr ground observations of root-zone soil moisture in Sahelian Niger. One is a water balance model that calculates soil moisture ...

Y. Yamaguchi; M. Shinoda

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nicaragua niger nigeria" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

A Comparison of the Water Budgets between Clouds from AMMA and TWP-ICE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two field campaigns, the African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analysis (AMMA) and the Tropical Warm Pool–International Cloud Experiment (TWP-ICE), took place in 2006 near Niamey, Niger, and Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia, providing extensive ...

Xiping Zeng; Wei-Kuo Tao; Scott W. Powell; Robert A. Houze Jr.; Paul Ciesielski; Nick Guy; Harold Pierce; Toshihisa Matsui

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Radar Observations of Convective System Variability in Relationship to African Easterly Waves during the 2006 AMMA Special Observing Period  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A radar-based analysis of the structure, motion, and rainfall variability of westward-propagating squall-line mesoscale convective systems (SLMCSs) in Niamey, Niger, during the African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Activities ...

Williams, Earle R.

243

ARM - Instrument - irt  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Niger OLI M1 Browse Data Oliktok Point, Alaska PVC M1 Browse Data Highland Center, Cape Cod MA; AMF 1 PYE M1 Browse Data Point Reyes, CA Contact(s) Victor Morris (509) 372-6144...

244

ARM - Instrument - mwrp  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Data Niamey, Niger PGH M1 Browse Data ARIES Observatory, Nainital, Uttarkhand, India PVC M1 Browse Data Highland Center, Cape Cod MA; AMF 1 PYE M1 Browse Data Point Reyes, CA...

245

Diurnal and Seasonal Cycles of Cloud Occurrences, Types, and Radiative Impact over West Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study focuses on the occurrence and type of clouds observed in West Africa, a subject that has been neither much documented nor quantified. It takes advantage of data collected above Niamey, Niger, in 2006 with the Atmospheric Radiation ...

Dominique Bouniol; Fleur Couvreux; Pierre-Honoré Kamsu-Tamo; Madeleine Leplay; Françoise Guichard; Florence Favot; Ewan J. O’Connor

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

ARM - Facility News Article  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Adieu to Niger, Guten Tag to Germany Bookmark and Share The AMF decommissioning team poses for a group photo at the AMF site near the airport in Niamey. The AMF decommissioning...

247

Radar Observations of Convective System Variability in Relationship to African Easterly Waves during the 2006 AMMA Special Observing Period  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A radar-based analysis of the structure, motion, and rainfall variability of westward-propagating squall-line mesoscale convective systems (SLMCSs) in Niamey, Niger, during the African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Activities (AMMA) 2006 special ...

Rosana Nieto Ferreira; Thomas Rickenbach; Nick Guy; Earle Williams

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

PUBLICATIONS RECORD The University of British Columbia -Department of Civil Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

imparting substances in biologically treated pulp mill effluent using Aspergillus niger fungal biomass and requirements for jobs. Water Science and Technology, 59(4): 745-753. 61. Geng, Z., E.R. Hall and P. Bérubé

Froese, Thomas

249

Observations of Saharan Aerosols: Results of ECLATS Field Experiment. Part I: Optical Thicknesses and Aerosol Size Distributions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A series of ground-based and airborne observations of desert aerosols, the ECLATS experiment was carried out in December 1980 in the vicinity of Niamey (Niger). This paper deals with aerosol optical thicknesses and size distributions derived from ...

Y. Fouquart; B. Bonnel; M. Chaoui Roquai; R. Santer; A. Cerf

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Interactions between the Land Surface and Mesoscale Rainfall Variability during HAPEX-Sahel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Hydrological Atmospheric Pilot Experiment in the Sahel (HAPEX-Sahel) was designed to investigate land–atmosphere interactions in the semiarid conditions of southwest Niger. During the intensive observation period (IOP) in 1992, a pronounced ...

Christopher M. Taylor; Frédérique Saïd; Thierry Lebel

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

ARM - Niamey News  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RADAGAST Proposal Outreach Fact Sheets RADAGAST (PDF) Annual Climate Cycle in Niger, Africa (PDF) Posters AMF Poster, French Version We're Going to Sample the Sky in Africa News...

252

University of Missouri Foreign Visitor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nicaragua 47 78 Iran 46 79 Vanuatu 46 79 Azerbaijan 45 81 Belize 43 82 El Salvador 42 83 Honduras 42 83 81 0 25970 77 - 103 25x 33x Azerbaijan 81 74 45 55 35 7697 121 5 550 70 97 96 - - Bahamas 129 68 21 - - - - - - - - - Azerbaijan 81 6 26 49 - 10 2 3 22 - - Bahamas 129 - - - - - - - - - - Bahrain 142 6x 36 69 - 9 2 5 10

Zeng, Yong - Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Missouri

253

Unmarried cohabitation among deprived families in Chile  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

% 80% 90% 100% Chile Uruguay Mexico Costa Rica Argentina Bolivia Paraguay Brazil Ecuador Guatemala Belize Cuba Peru Venezuela Nicaragua El Salvador Colombia Panama Honduras Dominican Republic Unmarried Cohabitation Marriage Data sources: For all... of all unions. This group is formed by Venezuela, Peru, Cuba, Belize, Guatemala. Finally, the countries where unmarried cohabitation represents no more than one third of total unions are geographically located in the outer circle.2 Thus, the countries...

Ramm Santelices, Alejandra Margarita

2013-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

254

CO{sub 2} emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of energy in the long term. Volume 4, Ghana, Sierra Leone, Nigeria and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world`s share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist, energy demand in developing nations will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. A combined study was carried out for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates).

Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. [eds.

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Additional Steam Traps Increase Production of a Drum Oven at a Petroleum Jelly Plant  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Additional steam traps were installed on the drum oven at a petroleum jelly production facility at an ExxonMobil plant in Nigeria. The installation improved heat transfer and saved energy.

Not Available

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

International Falls, MN Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

GA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Indonesia Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Malaysia Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD Elba...

257

Otay Mesa, CA Natural Gas Exports to Mexico  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

GA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Indonesia Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Malaysia Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD Elba...

258

Grand Island, NY Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

GA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Indonesia Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Malaysia Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD Elba...

259

Portal, ND Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

GA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Indonesia Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Malaysia Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD Elba...

260

Port of Del Bonita, MT Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

GA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Indonesia Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Malaysia Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD Elba...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nicaragua niger nigeria" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Port of Morgan, MT Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

GA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Indonesia Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Malaysia Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD Elba...

262

Champlain, NY Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

GA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Indonesia Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Malaysia Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD Elba...

263

Massena, NY Natural Gas Exports to Canada  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

GA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Indonesia Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Malaysia Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD Elba...

264

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Natural Gas Imports From Indonesia (MMcf)","U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Malaysia (MMcf)","U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Nigeria (MMcf)","U.S. Liquefied...

265

Ogilby Mesa, CA Natural Gas Exports to Mexico  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

GA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Indonesia Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Malaysia Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD Elba...

266

Whitlash, MT Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

GA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Indonesia Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Malaysia Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD Elba...

267

Niagara Falls, NY Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

GA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Indonesia Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Malaysia Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD Elba...

268

Sweetgrass, MT Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Canada  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

GA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Indonesia Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Malaysia Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD Elba...

269

Warroad, MN Natural Gas Exports to Canada  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

GA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Indonesia Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Malaysia Gulf Gateway, LA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD Elba...

270

C:\\Annual\\VENTCHAP.V8\\NGA02.vp  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Algeria 395 189 760 1680 950 2 263 102 110 63 Nigeria 35 Oman 3 Source: Office of Fossil Energy, U.S. Department of Energy, Natural Gas Imports and Exports. (Billion Cubic...

271

NEWTON, Ask a Scientist at Argonne National Labs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fish Nostrils Name: Fatima Status: student Grade: 9-12 Location: Outside U.S. Country: Nigeria Date: Winter 2011-2012 Question: Why do fishes have nostrils when they already have...

272

Off Oro-Ago Crescent  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(IFPRI) aims to strengthen evidence-based policymaking in Nigeria in the areas of rural and agricultural development. In collaboration with the Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources, NSSP supports the implementation of Nigeria’s national development plans by strengthening agricultural-sector policies and strategies through: Enhanced knowledge, information, data, and tools for the analysis, design, and implementation of pro-poor, gender-sensitive, and environmentally sustainable agricultural and rural development polices and strategies in Nigeria; Strengthened capacity for government agencies, research institutions, and other stakeholders to carry out and use applied research that directly informs agricultural and rural polices and strategies; and Improved communication linkages and consultations between policymakers, policy analysts, and policy beneficiaries on agricultural and rural development policy issues.

Dayo Phillip; Ephraim Nkonya; John Pender; Omobowale Ayoola Oni; Www. Ifpri. Org

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Summer maintenance affects North Sea crude oil production and ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

North Sea Brent is an important global benchmark crude oil that is used to price many different crude oils produced around the world, such as Bonny Light from Nigeria ...

274

U.S. LNG Imports from Oman  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

GA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea LNG Imports from Indonesia LNG Imports from Malaysia LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD LNG Imports from...

275

U.S. Natural Gas Exports to Mexico  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

GA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea LNG Imports from Indonesia LNG Imports from Malaysia LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD LNG Imports from...

276

U.S. LNG Imports from Brunei  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

GA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea LNG Imports from Indonesia LNG Imports from Malaysia LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD LNG Imports from...

277

C:\\Annual\\VENTCHAP.V8\\NGA02.vp  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Gases Removed Trinidad Nigeria Qatar Oman Withdrawals SALE Commercial Electric Power Vehicle Fuel Industrial Residential Gas Industry Use Brunei Malaysia 24.0 1.8 3.2 3.8 0.027...

278

Strengthening the Nigerian Sovereign Investment Authority: A Policy Analysis of the Nigerian Excess Crude Account and the Nigerian Sovereign Investment Authority Act  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

projected revenue from non-oil sources up to 2.5 percent ofProfile of Oil and Gas: Nigeria Source: 2010 IMF Article IVSavings* Oil and other Constitutional sources Budget Reserve

Ugwuibe, Cynthia

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

"Hideous architecture" : mimicry, feint and resistance in turn of the century southeastern Nigerian building  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation reconstructs the histories of some exceptional, hitherto unstudied buildings, erected in southeastern Nigeria between 1889 and 1939; they are part of a larger group, dispersed over the African Atlantic ...

Okoye, Ikemefuna Stanley Ifejika

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

2012 DOE Facility Representatives/SSO Workshop Presentation ?...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

as new. 5 The Solution that became a Problem 6 The Solution that became a Problem 7 Basel Convention - 1989 8 Nigeria - 2005 9 Ghana - 2009 10 China - Guiyu 11 China - Guiyu 12...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nicaragua niger nigeria" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Microsoft Word - Figure_08-Dec10.doc  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Energy, Natural Gas Imports and Exports. 310 1477 701 72 156 142 338 694 TrinidadTobago 790 United States 31 26 Egypt Nigeria Qatar Norway 236 160 13 13 29 2 6 6 10 3 South Korea...

282

Word Pro - Untitled1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Non-OPEC Countries, 1960-2011 126 U.S. Energy Information Administration Annual Energy Review 2011 1 On this graph, imports from Nigeria are shown beginning in 1971, when...

283

Primer_Summer_2011_061011_v2.indd  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Volume 8 Issue 3 1 Volume 8 Issue 3 For decades, citric acid has been produced on a commercial- scale basis with the help of the fungus Aspergillus niger. Outside industry, A. niger is also known to be involved in the global carbon cycle, and its enzymes can be used to break down plant cell walls and get at the sugars that can in turn be fermented for use as biofuels. "Aspergillus niger is an industrial workhorse for enzymes and small molecules such as organic acids," said Scott Baker of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. "We know that this single organism is used for production of organic acids and for enzymes, and it can degrade plant cell wall matter for sugar production. For biofuels it's a highly relevant organism since it's already been

284

DOE Joint Genome Institute: Same Fungus, Different Strains: A Comparative  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3, 2011 3, 2011 Same Fungus, Different Strains: A Comparative Genomics Approach for Improved "Green" Chemical Production WALNUT CREEK, Calif.-Fungi play key roles in nature and are valued for their great importance in industry. Consider citric acid, a key additive in several foods and pharmaceuticals produced on a large-scale basis for decades with the help of the filamentous fungus Aspergillus niger. While A. niger is an integral player in the carbon cycle, it possesses an arsenal of enzymes that can be deployed in breaking down plant cell walls to free up sugars that can then be fermented and distilled into biofuel, a process being optimized by U.S. Department of Energy researchers. Susannah Tringe Photo: Aspergillus niger conidiospore by Kathie T. Hodges, Cornell.

285

Geospatial Toolkit | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geospatial Toolkit Geospatial Toolkit Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Geospatial Toolkit (GsT) Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Solar, Wind Phase: Determine Baseline Topics: Resource assessment Resource Type: Guide/manual, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Website: www.nrel.gov/applying_technologies/geospatial_toolkits.html Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brazil, China, El Salvador, Ghana, Guatemala, Honduras, India, Nepal, Nicaragua, Oaxaca, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Turkey Cost: Free Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, South America, Eastern Asia, Central America, Western Africa, Central America, Central America, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Central America, , Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Western Asia

286

Forest Carbon Partnership Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Forest Carbon Partnership Facility Forest Carbon Partnership Facility Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Forest Carbon Partnership Facility Name Forest Carbon Partnership Facility Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Land Focus Area Forestry Topics Co-benefits assessment, Finance Resource Type Lessons learned/best practices, Training materials Website http://www.forestcarbonpartner Country Argentina, Bolivia, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Democratic Republic of Congo, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Indonesia, Kenya, Laos, Laos, Liberia, Madagascar, Mexico, Moldova, Mozambique, Nepal, Nicaragua, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Republic of the Congo, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Uganda, Vanuatu, Vietnam

287

US EPA Landfill Methane Outreach Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Landfill Methane Outreach Program Landfill Methane Outreach Program Jump to: navigation, search Name US EPA Landfill Methane Outreach Program Agency/Company /Organization United States Environmental Protection Agency Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Biomass Topics Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment, Background analysis Resource Type Software/modeling tools, Workshop Website http://www.epa.gov/lmop/intern Country China, Ecuador, Mexico, Philippines, Thailand, Ukraine, Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama Eastern Asia, South America, Central America, South-Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Eastern Europe, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America References LMOP[1]

288

Observatory of Renewable Energy for Latin America and the Caribbean | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Observatory of Renewable Energy for Latin America and the Caribbean Observatory of Renewable Energy for Latin America and the Caribbean Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Observatory of Renewable Energy for Latin America and the Caribbean Name Observatory of Renewable Energy for Latin America and the Caribbean Agency/Company /Organization Latin America Energy Organization Partner UNIDO Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Energy Efficiency, Industry, Solar Topics Background analysis, Technology characterizations Resource Type Dataset, Software/modeling tools Website http://www.renenergyobservator Program Start 2009 Country Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Colombia, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Mexico, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay UN Region Caribbean, Central America, South America

289

Managing Nicaraguan Water Resources Definition and Relative Importance of Information Needs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides an overview of the results of the Vital the Nicaraguan Water Resources Management Initiative, Issues process as implemented for a collaborative effort between the Nicaraguan Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources and Sandia National Laboratories. This initiative is being developed to assist in the development of an efficient and sustainable water resources management system for Nicamgua. The Vital Issues process was used to provide information for developing a project that will develop and implement an advanced information system for managing Nicaragua's water resources. Three Vital Issues panel meetings were convened to 1) develop a mission statement and evaluation criteria for identifying and ranking the issues vital to water resources management in Nicaragua 2) define and rank the vital issues; and 3) identify a preliminary list of information needed to address the vital issues. The selection of panelists from the four basic institutional perspectives- government, industiy, academe, and citizens' groups (through nongovernmental organizations (NGOs))-ensured a high level of stakeholder representation on the panels. The already existing need for a water resource management information system has been magnified in the aftemnath of Hurricane Mitch. This information system would be beneficial for an early warning system in emergencies, and the modeling and simulation capabilities of the system would allow for advanced planning. Additionally, the outreach program will provide education to help Nicaraguan improve their water hygiene practices.

Engi, D.; Guillen, S.M.; Vammen, K.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Finite-Time Singularity Signature of Hyperinflation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a novel analysis extending the recent work of Mizuno et al. [2002] on the hyperinflations of Germany (1920/1/1-1923/11/1), Hungary (1945/4/30-1946/7/15), Brazil (1969-1994), Israel (1969-1985), Nicaragua (1969-1991), Peru (1969-1990) and Bolivia (1969-1985). On the basis of a generalization of Cagan's model of inflation based on the mechanism of ``inflationary expectation'' or positive feedbacks between realized growth rate and people's expected growth rate, we find that hyperinflations can be characterized by a power law singularity culminating at a critical time $t_c$. Mizuno et al.'s double-exponential function can be seen as a discrete time-step approximation of our more general nonlinear ODE formulation of the price dynamics which exhibits a finite-time singular behavior. This extension of Cagan's model, which makes natural the appearance of a critical time $t_c$, has the advantage of providing a well-defined end of the clearly unsustainable hyperinflation regime. We find an excellent and reliable agreement between theory and data for Germany, Hungary, Peru and Bolivia. For Brazil, Israel and Nicaragua, the super-exponential growth seems to be already contaminated significantly by the existence of a cross-over to a stationary regime.

D. Sornette; H. Takayasu; W. -X. Zhou

2003-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

291

Observation of the Diurnal Cycle in the Low Troposphere of West Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors give an overview of the diurnal cycle of the low troposphere during 2006 at two different sites, Niamey (Niger) and Nangatchori (Benin). This study is partly based on the first observations of UHF wind profilers ever made in West ...

Marie Lothon; Frédérique Saïd; Fabienne Lohou; Bernard Campistron

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Industrial Oil Products Division List  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Name AffiliationCity, State, CountryIndustrial Oil Products Division2013 Members241 Members as of July 1, 2013Abend, SvenKolb Distribution LtdHedingen, SwitzerlandAbraham, TimothyCargill IncHopkins, MN, USAAkinrinade, FrancisNational Open University, Niger

293

Application of Evapoclimatonomy to Monthly Surface Water Balance Calculations at the HAPEX-Sahel Supersites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper a revised verstion of Lettau's evapoclimatonomy model is used to simulate climate in West Africa. The model is applied specifically to the study sites of the HAPEX-Sahel region in Niger, an international regional experiment to study ...

JoséA. Marengo; Sharon E. Nicholson; Andrew R. Lare; Bruno A. Monteny; Sylvie Galle

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

The Potential of Infrared Satellite Data for the Retrieval of Saharan-Dust Optical Depth over Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Optical depth of Saharan dust derived from photometric measurements made during the dry season at a Sahelian site (Niamey, Republic of Niger) is compared with METEOSAT-2 radiance in the 10.5–12.5 ?m channel for different times of the daily cycle. ...

M. Legrand; J. J. Bertrand; M. Desbois; L. Menenger; Y. Fouquart

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

A Political Ecology of Hydraulic Fracturing for Natural Gas in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

[:] shale gas in the US, sand mines in Wisconsin, oil in the Ecuadoran Amazon, oil in the Niger Delta's Marcellus Shale Laura J. Stroup, Ph.D. Dept. of Geography, Texas State University Michael H. Finewood, Ph ! Background of Marcellus Shale Gas Play ! Current Events: The Case of PA ! Geography of Fracking in Study

Scott, Christopher

296

Effective sea-level rise and deltas: Causes of change and human dimension implications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

deltas are the site of significant oil and gas accumulations and extraction as in the Niger, Magdalena rates of wetland loss resulting from ESLR are as high as 100 km2 /yr in the delta. Day et al., 2000 construction on the Volta River. Subsidence in the delta is attributed to the extraction of oil, which provides

New Hampshire, University of

297

Cyber Criminals on the Internet Super Highways: A Technical Investigation of Different Shades and Colours within the Nigerian Cyber Space  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The internet has impacted the lives of individuals, organisations, and governments all over the world. However, it is now viewed and adopted with caution due mainly to the criminal tendencies of some misguided elements within the society. The internet ... Keywords: Cyber Crimes, E-Mails, Internet, Nigeria, Stakeholders

Edwin Agwu

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Curriculum Vita Michael "Bodhi" Rogers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Netherlands Canada 9 Rep. of Korea Nigeria Colombia France Angola 10 UK Sudan Azerbaijan UK Iraq 11 Singapore Azerbaijan Malaysia Spain Libya 12 Italy Venezuela Brazil Singapore Kazakhstan 13 Australia Norway Belgium Canada Kuwait 14 Malaysia Iran Trinidad and Tobago Thailand Azerbaijan 15 Spain Algeria France Belgium

Rogers, Michael

299

Rain Attenuation Prediction Model for Lagos at Millimeter Wave Bands  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

“Rain Attenuation Prediction Model for Lagos at Millimeter Wave bands” is the subject of this work. Lagos (geog. Lat. 6.350N and Long. 3.20E), is a coastal station in the rain forest area in the South-Western Nigeria with an altitude of 380 ...

Abayomi Isiaka Yussuff; Nor Hisham Haji Khamis

300

Agricultural Investment Risk Relationship to National Domestic Production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This empirical case study investigated the uncertainty of agricultural investment schemes in Nigeria and their relationship to national domestic production. Government administrations have invested a substantial amount of money into the agricultural ... Keywords: Agriculture, Bank Credit, Investment, National Domestic Production, Risk, Uncertainty

Alex Ehimare Omankhanlen

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nicaragua niger nigeria" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

C:\\ANNUAL\\VENTCHAP.V8\\NGAla1109.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Repressuring Extraction Loss Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Trinidad Nigeria Qatar Oman Indonesia 24.2 2.7 3.5 3.5 0.047 0.066 0.099 0.106 0.073 5.0 3.2 9.5 0.0083 3.0 19.0 0.013...

302

C:\\ANNUAL\\VENTCHAP.V8\\NewNGA02.vp  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Gases Removed Trinidad Nigeria Qatar Oman Withdrawals SALE Commercial Electric Power Vehicle Fuel Industrial Residential Gas Industry Use 24.5 1.7 2.3 3.7 0.065 0.066 0.98 0.167...

303

Wireless Network Performance for Residential Demand-Side Participation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and opportunities · Unintended consequences · Alternative approaches · Bottom line Energy Consumption in the United States Source: http://www.eia.doe.gov #12;2 Source: http://www.eia.doe.gov Energy Consumption by Sector of $250 B The Perfect Storm · September 11, 2001 · Terrorism, Iraq, Afghanistan · Iran, Venezuela, Nigeria

304

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

5 Canada; 3,869; 6 Iran; 3,538; 7 United Arab Emirates; 3,213; 8 Iraq; 2,987; 9 Mexico; 2,936; 10 Kuwait; 2,797; 11 Brazil; 2,652; 12 Nigeria; 2,524; 13 Venezuela ...

305

Microsoft Word - figure_14.docx  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Japan TrinidadTobago Nigeria 41 966,560 Qatar 27,035 11,619 5,993 Egypt 6,242 South Korea 7,695 41,642 2,969 Yemen 5,977 Norway 2,581 Brazil 8,468 Gulf of Mexico Peru 6,845...

306

Statel-level Convention On AP's Power Crisis A state-level convention on the issue of the power crisis in Andhra Pradesh, at  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

5TH ANNUAL NAEE/IAEE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ENERGY TECHNOLOGY AND INFRASTRUCTURE FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT SHERATON HOTEL, ABUJA, NIGERIA April 23-24, 2012 CALL FOR PAPERS CONFERENCE OBJECTIVES: After a decade of energy sector and economy-wide reforms, many African countries are confronted

Harinarayana, T.

307

Introduction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

39 37 Nigeria 50 86 87 87 85 South Africa 50 35 39 40 40 Other Africa 542 47 45 45 42 Greece 276 51 51 50 49 United Kingdom 140 61 63 61 60 Germany 262 47 49 50 53 Italy 106 34 39...

308

Wind: wind power density maps at 50m above ground and 1km resolution for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

924 924 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142257924 Varnish cache server Wind: wind power density maps at 50m above ground and 1km resolution for Central America from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): 50 m wind power density (W/m2) maps of Central America. (Purpose): To provide information on the wind resource potential within the following countries in Central America: Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua. Source NREL Date Released June 30th, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated October 30th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords Central America GIS maps NREL SWERA UNEP wind Data application/zip icon Download Maps (zip, 2.2 MiB) Quality Metrics

309

Production of High Resolution Irradiance Data for Central America and Cuba  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Production of High Resolution Irradiance Data for Central America and Cuba Production of High Resolution Irradiance Data for Central America and Cuba Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): The main object of the SUNY task for SWERA is to prepare high resolution global irradiance (GHI) and direct irradiance (DNI) data sets for the countries of Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua.Much of our initial effort focused on building up the satellite data tx_metadatatool, and in strengthening and validating the models capable of converting that data into ground surface irradiances. Three research articles, acknowledging all or partial funding from UNEP & SWERA have been published on this subject. (Purpose): SWERA documentation Source SUNY Albany Date Released July 31st, 2003 (11 years ago) Date Updated August 29th, 2003 (11 years ago)

310

File:NREL-camdirjan.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

camdirjan.pdf camdirjan.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Central America - January Direct Normal Solar Radiation Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 66 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Central America - January Direct Normal Solar Radiation Description Central America - January Direct Normal Solar Radiation Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Authors Donna Heimiller Related Technologies Solar, Solar-CSP, Solar-40km Creation Date 2003-12-10 Extent International Countries Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua UN Region Central America File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment

311

File:NREL-camdirnov.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

camdirnov.pdf camdirnov.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Central America - November Direct Normal Solar Radiation Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 66 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Central America - November Direct Normal Solar Radiation Description Central America - November Direct Normal Solar Radiation Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Authors Donna Heimiller Related Technologies Solar, Solar-CSP, Solar-40km Creation Date 2003-12-10 Extent International Countries Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua UN Region Central America File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment

312

Central America | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Central America Central America Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): 50 m wind power density (W/m2) maps of Central America. (Purpose): To provide information on the wind resource potential within the following countries in Central America: Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua. Source NREL Date Released June 30th, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated October 30th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords Central America GIS maps NREL SWERA UNEP wind Data application/zip icon Download Maps (zip, 2.2 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period 2004 License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL) Comment Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata Average vote Your vote Usefulness of the dataset

313

methodology | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

methodology methodology Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): The main object of the SUNY task for SWERA is to prepare high resolution global irradiance (GHI) and direct irradiance (DNI) data sets for the countries of Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua.Much of our initial effort focused on building up the satellite data tx_metadatatool, and in strengthening and validating the models capable of converting that data into ground surface irradiances. Three research articles, acknowledging all or partial funding from UNEP & SWERA have been published on this subject. Source SUNY Albany Date Released July 31st, 2003 (11 years ago) Date Updated August 29th, 2003 (11 years ago) Keywords Cuba methodology solar SWERA UNEP Data application/pdf icon Download Report (pdf, 2.6 MiB)

314

File:NREL-camdirdec.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

camdirdec.pdf camdirdec.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Central America - December Direct Normal Solar Radiation Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 66 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Central America - December Direct Normal Solar Radiation Description Central America - December Direct Normal Solar Radiation Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Authors Donna Heimiller Related Technologies Solar, Solar-CSP, Solar-40km Creation Date 2003-12-10 Extent International Countries Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua UN Region Central America File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment

315

United Nations geothermal activities in developing countries  

SciTech Connect

The United Nations implements technical cooperation projects in developing countries through its Department of Technical Cooperation for Development (DTCD). The DTCD is mandated to explore for and develop natural resources (water, minerals, and relevant infrastructure) and energy - both conventional and new and renewable energy sources. To date, the United Nations has been involved in over 30 geothermal exploration projects (completed or underway) in 20 developing countries: 8 in Africa (Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar); 8 in Asia (China, India, Jordan, Philippines, Thailand); 9 in Latin America (Bolivia, Chile, El Salvador, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama) and 6 in Europe (Greece, Romania, Turkey, Yugoslavia). Today, the DTCD has seven UNDP geothermal projects in 6 developing countries. Four of these (Bolivia, China, Honduras, and Kenya) are major exploration projects whose formulation and execution has been possible thanks to the generous contributions under cost-sharing arrangements from the government of Italy. These four projects are summarized.

Beredjick, N.

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Grid Renewable Energy-Policy and Regulatory Studies | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Policy and Regulatory Studies Policy and Regulatory Studies Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Grid Renewable Energy-Policy and Regulatory Studies Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy Topics: Policies/deployment programs, Co-benefits assessment, Background analysis Website: web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTENERGY2/EXTRENENERGYTK/0,, Country: Nicaragua, China, Mexico, Peru Central America, Eastern Asia, Central America, South America References: Grid Renewable Energy-Policy and Regulatory Studies[1] Resources Independent Evaluation of the ILZRO/RAPS Diesel/PV Hybrid System in Padre Cocha, the Amazon Region of Peru (CONSOLIDATED SUMMARY) Evaluating Impacts of Air Pollution in China on Public Health: Implications for Future Air Pollution and Energy Policies, Xiaoping Wang

317

The Risk Assessment Information System  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RAIS User's Group RAIS User's Group The connection is no longer here Fill out the following section for addition to the RAIS User's List: CONTACT DETAILS First name: * Required Last name: * Required Company: Street: City: State: Country: Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Aruba Bahamas Barbados Belize Bermuda Virgin Islands, British Canada Cayman Islands Costa Rica Cuba Dominica Dominican Republic El Salvador Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Haiti Honduras Jamaica Martinique Mexico Montserrat Netherlands Antilles Nicaragua Panama Puerto Rico Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Vincent and The Grenadines Trinidad and Tobago Turks and Caicos Islands United States United States Minor Outlying Islands Virgin Islands, U.S. Argentina Bolivia

318

Microsoft Word - central-america-document_de-dh.doc  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind Energy Resource Mapping Activity Wind Energy Resource Mapping Activity Introduction This document describes the development of detailed high-resolution (1 km 2 ) wind energy resource maps for the region of Central America that includes the countries of Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua. These maps were created at the United States Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) as part of the Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment (SWERA) project for the United Nations Environment Programme. The regional wind mapping activity covered vast areas totaling about 400,000 km 2 of land area and, including offshore areas, almost 500,000 km 2 . The maps can be found in a separate part of the SWERA archive. NREL's Wind Resource Assessment and Mapping System (WRAMS) is a combination of analytical,

319

CNE | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

5 5 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142278295 Varnish cache server CNE Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Stand-alone and easy to use geographic toolkit that allows non-GIS users to relate the renewable energy resource (solar and wind) data to other geographic data, such as land use, protected areas, elevation, etc. Source NREL Date Released October 31st, 2005 (9 years ago) Date Updated July 06th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords CNE GEF Geospatial Toolkit GIS Nicaragua NREL SUNY SWERA UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Executable Toolkit & Documentation (zip, 42.4 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage

320

File:NREL-camdirsept.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

camdirsept.pdf camdirsept.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Central America - September Direct Normal Solar Radiation Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 66 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Central America - September Direct Normal Solar Radiation Description Central America - September Direct Normal Solar Radiation Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Authors Donna Heimiller Related Technologies Solar, Solar-CSP, Solar-40km Creation Date 2003-12-10 Extent International Countries Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua UN Region Central America File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nicaragua niger nigeria" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Initiative for the Transformation and Strengthening of the Solar Water  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Transformation and Strengthening of the Solar Water Transformation and Strengthening of the Solar Water Heating Market Jump to: navigation, search Name Initiative for the Transformation and Strengthening of the Solar Water Heating Market Agency/Company /Organization Latin America Energy Organization Partner UNEP Sector Energy Focus Area - Solar Hot Water Topics Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type Workshop Website http://www.olade.org/iniciativ Country Argentina, Barbados, Brazil, Colombia, Nicaragua, Peru UN Region Caribbean, Central America, South America References Renewable Energy and Environment Coordination[1] OLADE is a Latin American organization working with Central American countries on climate change vulnerability for hydroelectric systems and adaptation options. Specific activities include: methodology for climate

322

EPA-GHG Inventory Targeted Data Collection Strategies and Software Tools |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EPA-GHG Inventory Targeted Data Collection Strategies and Software Tools EPA-GHG Inventory Targeted Data Collection Strategies and Software Tools Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: US EPA GHG inventory Targeted Data Collection Strategies and Software Tools Agency/Company /Organization: United States Environmental Protection Agency Sector: Energy, Land Topics: GHG inventory Resource Type: Dataset, Lessons learned/best practices, Training materials, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Spreadsheet Website: www.epa.gov/climatechange/emissions/ghginventorycapacitybuilding/swtoo Country: Nicaragua, Panama, Guatemala, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Honduras, Belize Cost: Free Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America Coordinates: 13.7040888°, -89.1814075°

323

Wind: wind power density GIS data at 50m above ground and 1km resolution  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Central America from NREL Central America from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Raster GIS data, 50 m wind power density for Central America (Purpose): To provide information on the wind resource potential within the following countries in Central America: Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua. (Supplemental Information): ***** Spatial Reference Information (Beg) *****Projection ParametersCoordinate System:Lambert_Azimuthal_Equal_AreaFalse_Easting: 0.000000False_Northing: 0.000000Central_Meridian: -87.450000Latitude_Of_Origin: 13.300000GCS_Sphere_ARC_INFODatum: D_Sphere_ARC_INFOPrime Meridian: 0Units: MetersSpatial InformationRaster:Number of Columns: 1374Number of Rows: 1143Pixel Resolution (m): 1000Data Type: integer***** Spatial Reference Information (End) *****

324

Production of high Resoulution Irradiance Data for Central America and Cuba  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DRAFT REPORT - JULY 2003 DRAFT REPORT - JULY 2003 Production of high Resolution Irradiance Data For Central America and Cuba Prepared by Richard Perez ASRC, the University at Albany (SUNY) For United Nations Environmental Program Solar Energy and Wind Resource Assessment (SWERA) Deliverable for July, 2003 The main objective of the SUNY task for SWERA is to prepare high resolution global irradiance (GHI) and direct irradiance (DNI) data sets for the countries of Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. Much of our initial effort focused on building up the satellite data archive, and in strengthening and validating the models capable of converting that data into ground surface irradiances. Three research articles, acknowledging all or partial funding

325

EPA-GHG Inventory Targeted Data Collection Strategies and Software Tools |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EPA-GHG Inventory Targeted Data Collection Strategies and Software Tools EPA-GHG Inventory Targeted Data Collection Strategies and Software Tools (Redirected from US EPA GHG Inventory Targeted Data Collection Strategies and Software Tools) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: US EPA GHG inventory Targeted Data Collection Strategies and Software Tools Agency/Company /Organization: United States Environmental Protection Agency Sector: Energy, Land Topics: GHG inventory Resource Type: Dataset, Lessons learned/best practices, Training materials, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Spreadsheet Website: www.epa.gov/climatechange/emissions/ghginventorycapacitybuilding/swtoo Country: Nicaragua, Panama, Guatemala, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Honduras, Belize Cost: Free Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America

326

Mini Grid Renewable Energy-Financing Mechanisms | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mini Grid Renewable Energy-Financing Mechanisms Mini Grid Renewable Energy-Financing Mechanisms Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Mini Grid Renewable Energy-Financing Mechanisms Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Finance Website: web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTENERGY2/EXTRENENERGYTK/0,, References: Mini Grid Renewable Energy-Financing Mechanisms[1] Resources Rural Electrification, Micro-finance and Micro and Small Business (MSB) Development: Lessons for the Nicaragua Off-grid Rural Electrification Project, ESMAP, M. Motta and K. Reiche. References ↑ "Mini Grid Renewable Energy-Financing Mechanisms" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Mini_Grid_Renewable_Energy-Financing_Mechanisms&oldid=328980

327

File:NREL-camdirapr.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

File File Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » File:NREL-camdirapr.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Central America - April Direct Normal Solar Radiation Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 65 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Central America - April Direct Normal Solar Radiation Description Central America - April Direct Normal Solar Radiation Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Authors Donna Heimiller Related Technologies Solar, Solar-CSP, Solar-40km Creation Date 2003-12-10 Extent International Countries Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua UN Region Central America File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time.

328

Energy-Economic Information System (SIEE) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy-Economic Information System (SIEE) Energy-Economic Information System (SIEE) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Energy-Economic Information System (SIEE) Database Agency/Company /Organization: Latin American Energy Organization Sector: Energy Topics: Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Background analysis Resource Type: Dataset Website: www.olade.org/sieeEn.html Country: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Mexico, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela, Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Trinidad & Tobago, Dominican Republic Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean

329

Export.gov - Look South Home Page - 2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Americas > Look South Americas > Look South Print | E-mail Page Look South Look South Home Best Prospect Sectors Countries Information and Fact Sheets Contact Us Resources for Exporters Services for U.S. Companies Opportunities and Education Trade Financing Market Research Find Your Local Office What is Look South? Look South is a coordinated federal government effort led by the U.S. Department of Commerce to help more American companies "Look South" to do business with Mexico and the United States' 10 other Free Trade Agreement (FTA) partners in Latin America. These 11 economies - Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, and Peru - all have a rapidly growing base of middle-class consumers and diversifying industries. The Look South

330

OLADE-Latin American and Caribbean Energy Efficiency Seminar | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OLADE-Latin American and Caribbean Energy Efficiency Seminar OLADE-Latin American and Caribbean Energy Efficiency Seminar Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: OLADE-Latin American and Caribbean Energy Efficiency Seminar Agency/Company /Organization: Latin America Energy Organization Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency Topics: Implementation, Technology characterizations Resource Type: Presentation, Webinar, Workshop, Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.olade.org/eficiencia/indexEn.html Country: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Mexico, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela, Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Trinidad & Tobago, Dominican Republic Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean

331

Geospatial Toolkit | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geospatial Toolkit Geospatial Toolkit (Redirected from Geospatial Toolkits) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Geospatial Toolkit (GsT) Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Solar, Wind Phase: Determine Baseline Topics: Resource assessment Resource Type: Guide/manual, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Website: www.nrel.gov/applying_technologies/geospatial_toolkits.html Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brazil, China, El Salvador, Ghana, Guatemala, Honduras, India, Nepal, Nicaragua, Oaxaca, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Turkey Cost: Free Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, South America, Eastern Asia, Central America, Western Africa, Central America, Central America, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Central America, , Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Western Asia

332

Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Jump to: navigation, search Name Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Agency/Company /Organization World Watch Institute Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.worldwatch.org/node Country Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America References Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model[1] Overview "This project will design a unified low-carbon development strategy for

333

File:NREL-camdirfeb.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

camdirfeb.pdf camdirfeb.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Central America - February Direct Normal Solar Radiation Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 66 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Central America - February Direct Normal Solar Radiation Description Central America - February Direct Normal Solar Radiation Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Authors Donna Heimiller Related Technologies Solar, Solar-CSP, Solar-40km Creation Date 2003-12-10 Extent International Countries Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua UN Region Central America File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment

334

DNI GHI | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DNI GHI DNI GHI Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Zip file contains year-site specific files including time series of global, direct and diffuse irradiance (Purpose): The time series are useful for performing site specific simulation of customized solar energy systems Source Richard Perez Date Released June 30th, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated November 07th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords DNI GHI hourly data Nicaragua solar SUNY SWERA TILT UNEP Data application/zip icon Download Data (zip, 3 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period 01/01/1998 - 12/31/2002 License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL) Comment Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata Average vote Your vote

335

Geospatial Toolkit | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geospatial Toolkit Geospatial Toolkit (Redirected from GsT) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Geospatial Toolkit (GsT) Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Solar, Wind Phase: Determine Baseline Topics: Resource assessment Resource Type: Guide/manual, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Website: www.nrel.gov/applying_technologies/geospatial_toolkits.html Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brazil, China, El Salvador, Ghana, Guatemala, Honduras, India, Nepal, Nicaragua, Oaxaca, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Turkey Cost: Free Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, South America, Eastern Asia, Central America, Western Africa, Central America, Central America, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Central America, , Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Western Asia

336

OLADE-Central America Climate Change Vulnerability Program | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OLADE-Central America Climate Change Vulnerability Program OLADE-Central America Climate Change Vulnerability Program Jump to: navigation, search Name OLADE-Central America Climate Change Vulnerability Program Agency/Company /Organization Latin America Energy Organization Partner Ministries of Energy and Energy Enterprises Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis Website http://www.olade.org/proyecto_ Program Start 2010 Program End 2011 Country Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America References OLADE Energy and Climate Change Projects[1] OLADE is a Latin American organization working with Central American countries on climate change vulnerability for hydroelectric systems and

337

Stand Alone Renewable Energy Systems Case Studies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Stand Alone Renewable Energy Systems Case Studies Stand Alone Renewable Energy Systems Case Studies Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Stand Alone Renewable Energy Systems Case Studies Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: - Landfill Gas, Solar, - Solar PV, Offsets and Certificates Topics: Market analysis, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, Background analysis Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices, Case studies/examples Website: web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTENERGY2/EXTRENENERGYTK/0,, Country: Nepal, Sri Lanka, India, China, Bangladesh, Argentina, Honduras, Bolivia, Nicaragua, Uganda, Senegal Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South America, Central America, South America, Central America, Eastern Africa, Western Africa

338

File:NREL-camdiroct.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

camdiroct.pdf camdiroct.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Central America - October Direct Normal Solar Radiation Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 66 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Central America - October Direct Normal Solar Radiation Description Central America - October Direct Normal Solar Radiation Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Authors Donna Heimiller Related Technologies Solar, Solar-CSP, Solar-40km Creation Date 2003-12-10 Extent International Countries Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua UN Region Central America File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment

339

OLADE Sustainable Energy Planning Manual | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OLADE Sustainable Energy Planning Manual OLADE Sustainable Energy Planning Manual Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: OLADE Sustainable Energy Planning Manual Agency/Company /Organization: Latin American Energy Organization Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics: Implementation, Background analysis Website: www.olade.org/proyectoPlanificacionEnergetica.html Country: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Mexico, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela, Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Trinidad & Tobago, Dominican Republic Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean

340

Legal Energy Information System (SIEL) Database | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Legal Energy Information System (SIEL) Database Legal Energy Information System (SIEL) Database Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Legal Energy Information System (SIEL) Database Agency/Company /Organization: Latin American Energy Organization Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type: Dataset Website: www.olade.org/sielEn.html Country: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Mexico, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela, Barbados, Cuba, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Trinidad & Tobago, Dominican Republic Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, South America, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean, Caribbean

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nicaragua niger nigeria" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Geothermal power plants of Mexico and Central America: a technical survey of existing and planned installations  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In this report, the fifth in a series describing the geothermal power plants of the world, the countries of Mexico and of Central America are studied. The geothermal plants are located in areas of recent and active volcanism; the resources are of the liquid-dominated type. Details are given about the plants located at Cerro Prieto in Mexico and at Ahuachapan in El Salvador. In both cases, attention is paid to the geologic nature of the fields, the well programs, geofluid characteristics, energy conversion systems, materials of construction, effluent handling systems, economic factors and plant operating experience. Exploration and development activities are described for other promising geothermal areas in Mexico and El Salvador, along with those in the countries of Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Guatemala, Honduras, and Panama.

DiPippo. R.

1978-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

ARM - Facility News Article  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8, 2010 [Facility News] 8, 2010 [Facility News] Europeans Keen to Hear About Effects of Dust Using Data from Africa Bookmark and Share In 2006, the ARM Mobile Facility joined the AMMA project to obtain data for scientists to study the impact that airborne Saharan dust has on incoming solar radiation. This photo shows the sun setting through a dusty atmosphere near Niamey, Niger, where the mobile facility was deployed for one year. In 2006, the ARM Mobile Facility joined the AMMA project to obtain data for scientists to study the impact that airborne Saharan dust has on incoming solar radiation. This photo shows the sun setting through a dusty atmosphere near Niamey, Niger, where the mobile facility was deployed for one year. Researcher Xiaohong Liu from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory was

343

ARM - Datastreams - rad  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Datastreamsrad Datastreamsrad Documentation Data Quality Plots ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Datastream : RAD Radiation measurements at AMF/Niamey, Niger/S1 Active Dates 2006.01.13 - 2008.12.13 Measurement Categories Radiometric Originating Instrument Radiation Measurements at AMF (RAD) Measurements Only measurements considered scientifically relevant are shown below by default. Show all measurements Measurement Units Variable Altitude above mean sea level m alt Base time in Epoch seconds since 1970-1-1 0:00:00 0:00 base_time Longwave broadband downwelling irradiance Downwelling Longwave Hemispheric Irradiance, Pyrgeometer W/m^2 down_long_hemisp ( time ) Downwelling Pyrgeometer Case Thermistor Resistance Kohms down_long_hemisp_case_resist ( time )

344

Could a Common Household Fungus Reduce Oil Imports? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

a Common Household Fungus Reduce Oil Imports? a Common Household Fungus Reduce Oil Imports? Could a Common Household Fungus Reduce Oil Imports? June 21, 2011 - 11:37am Addthis A view of Aspergillus niger with the fungus’ DNA highlighted in green | Photo Courtesy of: PNNL. A view of Aspergillus niger with the fungus' DNA highlighted in green | Photo Courtesy of: PNNL. Ben Squires Analyst, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy What does this mean for me? The Department's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) are working to harness the natural process that spoils fruits and vegetables as a way to make fuel and other petroleum substitutes from the parts of plants that we can't eat. The genetic bases of the behaviors and abilities of these two industrially relevant fungal strains will allow researchers to exploit

345

Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Resilience (PPCR) Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Bangladesh, Bolivia, Cambodia, Dominica, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Mozambique, Nepal, Niger, Papua New Guinea, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Tajikistan, Tonga, Yemen, Zambia UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea

346

Could a Common Household Fungus Reduce Oil Imports? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Could a Common Household Fungus Reduce Oil Imports? Could a Common Household Fungus Reduce Oil Imports? Could a Common Household Fungus Reduce Oil Imports? June 21, 2011 - 11:37am Addthis A view of Aspergillus niger with the fungus’ DNA highlighted in green | Photo Courtesy of: PNNL. A view of Aspergillus niger with the fungus' DNA highlighted in green | Photo Courtesy of: PNNL. Ben Squires Analyst, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy What does this mean for me? The Department's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) are working to harness the natural process that spoils fruits and vegetables as a way to make fuel and other petroleum substitutes from the parts of plants that we can't eat. The genetic bases of the behaviors and abilities of these two industrially relevant fungal strains will allow researchers to exploit

347

Low Carbon Development Planning in the Power Sector | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

the Power Sector the Power Sector Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Low Carbon Development Planning in the Power Sector Name Low Carbon Development Planning in the Power Sector Agency/Company /Organization Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Sector Energy Topics Low emission development planning Website http://www.esmap.org/esmap/nod Country Morocco, Nigeria UN Region Northern Africa References ESMAP[1] Overview "This new program was initiated in 2010 and aims to provide clients with analytical support to develop capacity for low-carbon development in power sector planning. It employs a learning-by doing approach with pilot activities in two countries in the initial stage (Nigeria and Morocco - 2010-12). A toolkit will be developed at the end of the pilot program to

348

untitled  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

PAD District 2 - Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Country of Origin, 2012 (Thousand Barrels) Country of Origin Crude Oil 1,2 Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Unfinished Oils 1 Finished Motor Gasoline Motor Gasoline Blending Components Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total OPEC ..................................... 15,713 - - - - - - - - - Algeria ................................ 4,074 - - - - - - - - - Angola ................................ - - - - - - - - - - Ecuador .............................. - - - - - - - - - - Iran ..................................... - - - - - - - - - - Iraq ..................................... - - - - - - - - - - Kuwait ................................. - - - - - - - - - - Libya ................................... - - - - - - - - - - Nigeria ................................

349

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8.PDF 8.PDF Table 28. PAD District 2 - Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Country of Origin, January 2012 (Thousand Barrels) Country of Origin Crude Oil 1,2 Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Unfinished Oils 1 Finished Motor Gasoline Motor Gasoline Blending Components Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total OPEC ..................................... 1,764 - - - - - - - - - Algeria ................................ 1,043 - - - - - - - - - Angola ................................ - - - - - - - - - - Ecuador .............................. - - - - - - - - - - Iran ..................................... - - - - - - - - - - Iraq ..................................... - - - - - - - - - - Kuwait ................................. - - - - - - - - - - Libya ................................... - - - - - - - - - - Nigeria ................................

350

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 2 September 2013 Table 42. PAD District 2 - Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Country of Origin, September 2013 (Thousand Barrels) Country of Origin Crude Oil 1,2 Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Unfinished Oils 1 Finished Motor Gasoline Motor Gasoline Blending Components Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total OPEC ..................................... 1,083 - - - - - - - - - Algeria ................................ - - - - - - - - - - Angola ................................ - - - - - - - - - - Ecuador .............................. - - - - - - - - - - Iran ..................................... - - - - - - - - - - Iraq ..................................... - - - - - - - - - - Kuwait ................................. - - - - - - - - - - Libya ................................... - - - - - - - - - - Nigeria ................................

351

A global perspective on energy markets and economic integration.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

What will be the effect of Iraqi domestic instability on Iraqi oil production Negotiations for Iranian nuclear technology on Iranian oil supplies Saudi commitment to expanded oil production President Putin's policies on Russian oil and natural gas supplies President Chavez's policies on Venezuelan oil supplies Instability in Nigeria Higher oil prices on world economic growth Effect of economic growth on oil demand in China, India, U.S., etc. Higher oil prices on non-OPEC oil supplies

Baker, Arnold Barry

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Remittances: determinants, motivations and effects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation examines the determinants, motivations and effects of remittances. In that last two decades remittances have gained interest due to their large size. For several developing countries remittances constitute a large portion of their gross domestic product and sometimes exceed foreign direct investment. In the first essay, I use a unique data set from Nicaragua to asses the behavior of persons who send money back home. I estimate a heteroskedastic Tobit with a known form of variance to estimate the correlation of the remitting decisions of migrants. Working, residing in a developed country and belonging to the nuclear family positively affect remittances. The labor status and the level of education of the head of the household both affect remittances. The decision to participate in the remitting process appears to be positively related across migrants within the same receiving household. The second essay presents a simple theoretical model of migrants' remitting behavior. I consider two general motivations for remitting: altruism and self-interest. From the same data set used in the first chapter, I estimate a heteroskedastic Tobit and a sample selection equation to empirically test the findings of the theoretical model. Evidence suggests that migrants from Nicaragua remit for altruistic reasons. Moreover some gender heterogeneity exists in the remitting behavior. In the last essay, I study the impact of remittances on a small open economy using a stochastic limited participation model with cash in advance constraints and costly adjustment of cash holdings. I examine the impact of remittances on the steady state of the economy and on the dynamic response of variables to money shocks, output shocks, and shocks to remittance flows. I also examine the impact on dynamic responses to shocks of alternative specifications regarding the initial impact of a monetary injection or a remittances shock on the economy. I find that a positive remittances shock forces the exchange rate to depreciate and lowers both output and consumption in the period of the shock, irrespective of adjustment costs on money balances. Also, the positive remittance shock lowers utility during the period of the shock but improves it thereafter.

Naufal, Georges Sami

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

File:NREL-camdirmar.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

camdirmar.pdf camdirmar.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Central America - March Direct Normal Solar Radiation Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 65 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Central America - March Direct Normal Solar Radiation Description Central America - March Direct Normal Solar Radiation Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Authors Donna Heimiller Related Technologies Solar, Solar-CSP, Solar-40km Creation Date 2003-12-10 Extent International Countries Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua UN Region Central America File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 15:56, 14 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 15:56, 14 December 2010 1,650 × 1,275 (65 KB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated upload from NREL's "mapsearch" data

354

File:NREL-camdirjune.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

camdirjune.pdf camdirjune.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Central America - June Direct Normal Solar Radiation Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 66 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Central America - June Direct Normal Solar Radiation Description Central America - June Direct Normal Solar Radiation Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Authors Donna Heimiller Related Technologies Solar, Solar-CSP, Solar-40km Creation Date 2003-12-10 Extent International Countries Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua UN Region Central America File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 15:55, 14 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 15:55, 14 December 2010 1,650 × 1,275 (66 KB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated upload from NREL's "mapsearch" data

355

File:NREL-camdirmay.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

camdirmay.pdf camdirmay.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Central America - May Direct Normal Solar Radiation Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 65 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Central America - May Direct Normal Solar Radiation Description Central America - May Direct Normal Solar Radiation Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Authors Donna Heimiller Related Technologies Solar, Solar-CSP, Solar-40km Creation Date 2003-12-10 Extent International Countries Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua UN Region Central America File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 15:56, 14 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 15:56, 14 December 2010 1,650 × 1,275 (65 KB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated upload from NREL's "mapsearch" data

356

File:NREL-camdirjuly.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

camdirjuly.pdf camdirjuly.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Central America - July Direct Normal Solar Radiation Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 66 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Central America - July Direct Normal Solar Radiation Description Central America - July Direct Normal Solar Radiation Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Authors Donna Heimiller Related Technologies Solar, Solar-CSP, Solar-40km Creation Date 2003-12-10 Extent International Countries Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua UN Region Central America File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 15:55, 14 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 15:55, 14 December 2010 1,650 × 1,275 (66 KB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated upload from NREL's "mapsearch" data

357

Mini Grid Renewable Energy-Best Practices and Lessons Learnt | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mini Grid Renewable Energy-Best Practices and Lessons Learnt Mini Grid Renewable Energy-Best Practices and Lessons Learnt Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Mini Grid Renewable Energy-Best Practices and Lessons Learnt Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Background analysis Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices Website: web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTENERGY2/EXTRENENERGYTK/0,, Country: China, Nicaragua Eastern Asia, Central America Coordinates: 12.119424°, -86.264068° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":12.119424,"lon":-86.264068,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

358

High Resolution Solar Energy Resource Assessment within the UNEP Project  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

High Resolution Solar Energy Resource Assessment within the UNEP Project High Resolution Solar Energy Resource Assessment within the UNEP Project SWERA Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): To expand the world wide use of renewable energy a consistent, reliable, verifiable, and easily accessible database of solar energy resources is needed. Within the UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme) Project SWERA (Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment, http://swera.unep.net), funded by GEF (Global Environment Facility), a global database of solar and wind energy resources will be set up. SWERA will provide, beside the wind products, global horizontal irradiance, which is mostly used to plan photovoltaic systems, and direct normal irradiance, which is needed for solar concentrating systems. For selected countries throughout the world, additionally high resolution data will be produced which is required to plan solar energy systems in detail. Within SWERA, the partners DLR, SUNY and INPE calculate solar irradiance with high temporal resolution of 1 hour and with a spatial resolution of 10km x 10km. By processing data from geostationary satellites we provide solar irradiance data for Cuba, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Guatemala, Brazil, Ghana, Ethiopia, Kenya, China, Sri Lanka, Nepal, and Bangladesh. In this paper we describe the ongoing work of developing this high resolution solar irradiance tx_metadatatool and cross-checking of the used solar irradiance algorithms for various satellite data.

359

File:NREL-camdiraug.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

camdiraug.pdf camdiraug.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Central America - August Direct Normal Solar Radiation Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 66 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Central America - August Direct Normal Solar Radiation Description Central America - August Direct Normal Solar Radiation Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Authors Donna Heimiller Related Technologies Solar, Solar-CSP, Solar-40km Creation Date 2003-12-10 Extent International Countries Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua UN Region Central America File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 15:54, 14 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 15:54, 14 December 2010 1,650 × 1,275 (66 KB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated upload from NREL's "mapsearch" data

360

Establishing Ergonomics in Industrially Developing Countries  

SciTech Connect

The introduction of ergonomics is an ongoing effort in industrially developing countries and will ultimately require an organized, programmatic approach spanning several countries and organizations. Our preliminary efforts with our partner countries of Viet Nam, Thailand, and Nicaragua have demonstrated that a one-time course is just the first step in a series of necessary events to provide skills and create an infrastructure that will have lasting impact for the host country. To facilitate that any sort of training has a lasting impact, it is recommended that host countries establish a 'contract' with class participants and the guest instructors for at least one follow-up visit so instructors can see the progress and support the participants in current and future efforts. With repeated exchanges, the class participants can become the 'in country experts' and the next generation of ergonomic trainers. Additionally, providing participants with an easy to use hazard assessment tool and methods for evaluating the financial impact of the project (cost/benefit analysis) will assist increase the likelihood of success and establish a foundation for future projects. In the future, developing trade and regionally/culturally specific 'ergonomics toolkits' can help promote broader implementation, especially where training resources may be limited.

Stewart, K; Silverstein, B; Kiefer, M

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nicaragua niger nigeria" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Geothermal power plants around the world. A sourcebook on the production of electricity from geothermal energy, draft of Chapter 10  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report constitutes a consolidation and a condensation of several individual topical reports dealing with the geothermal electric power stations around the world. An introduction is given to various types of energy conversion systems for use with geothermal resouces. Power plant performance and operating factors are defined and discussed. Existing geothermal plants in the following countries are covered: China, El Salvador, Iceland, Italy, Japan, Mexico, New Zealand, the Philippines, Turkey, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, and the United States. In each case, the geological setting is outlined, the geothermal fluid characteristics are given, the gathering system, energy conversion system, and fluid disposal method are described, and the environmental impact is discussed. In some cases the economics of power generation are also presented. Plans for future usage of geothermal energy are described for the above-mentioned countries and the following additional ones: the Azores (Portugal), Chile, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Indonesia, Kenya, Nicaragua, and Panama. Technical data is presented in twenty-two tables; forty-one figures, including eleven photographs, are also included to illustrate the text. A comprehensive list of references is provided for the reader who wishes to make an in-depth study of any of the topics mentioned.

DiPippo, R.

1979-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

ARM Aerosol Working Group Meeting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and MFRSR Measurements ARM STM 2008 Norfolk, VA Connor Flynn 1 , Annette Koontz 1 , Anne Jefferson 2 , Jim Barnard 1 , Sally McFarlane 1 1 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory 2 CIRES, University of Colorado, Boulder Progress towards ARM DOE 2008 Performance Metric 3 & 4 * Produce and make available new continuous time series of aerosol total column depth, based on results from the AMF deployment in Niger, Africa. * Produce and make available new continuous time series of retrieved dust properties, based on results from the AMF deployment in Niger, Africa. 0 100 200 300 400 0 20 40 60 80 100 ITF movement and surface RH % RH day of year (2006) 0 100 200 300 400 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 day of year wind direction (N = 0, E = 90) 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 Wind speed m/s 0 100 200 300 1.4 1.6 1.8 2 MFRSR Vo for filter2, Niamey

363

United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization Economic Commission for Europe of the United Nations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sri Lanka 32 Armenia 34 Nigeria 33 Peru 34 Syrian Arab 33 Azerbaijan Republic 35 Reunion 34 Suriname.00 Former U.S.S.R.-- Armenia 6.19 5.90 5.90 Azerbaijan 8.90 11.63 11.63 Belarus .24 4.60 4.60 Estonia 4.00 5.69 Sri Lanka 1.29 Armenia 0.20 Reunion 0.00 Peru 0.61 Syrian Arab Rep 0.50 Azerbaijan 0.20 Rwanda 0

364

Clean Technology Fund (CTF) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Clean Technology Fund (CTF) Clean Technology Fund (CTF) Jump to: navigation, search Name Clean Technology Fund (CTF) Agency/Company /Organization African Development Bank, Asian Development Bank, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Inter-American Development Bank, World Bank Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Geothermal, Transportation Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Algeria, Egypt, Indonesia, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Mexico, Morocco, Nigeria, Philippines, South Africa, Thailand, Tunisia UN Region South-Eastern Asia References Middle East and North Africa Regional Program (Algeria, Egypt, Jorban, Morroco, Tunisia)-Clean Technology Fund (CTF)[1]

365

Microsoft Word - Highlights v4.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 1 February 2006 Short-Term Energy Outlook February 7, 2006 Release Overview In 2006 and 2007, total domestic energy demand is projected to increase at an average annual rate of about 1.4 percent each year. In the United States, January was 27 percent warmer than normal, pushing prices for natural gas lower than predicted in the previous Outlook. But cold weather in parts of Asia and Europe combined with uncertainties regarding oil supplies from Nigeria, Iran and Iraq help keep crude oil prices high. Prices for crude oil and petroleum products are projected to remain high through 2006 before starting to weaken in 2007. The price of West

366

Crude Oil  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Algeria .......................................... 1.20 1.20 1.20 1.17 - - - - - - - - 1.19 - - Angola .......................................... 1.73 1.75 1.70 1.71 - - - - - - - - 1.72 - - Ecudaor ........................................ 0.51 0.52 0.53 0.54 - - - - - - - - 0.52 - - Iran ............................................... 2.80 2.80 2.80 2.80 - - - - - - - - 2.80 - - Iraq ............................................... 3.05 3.09 3.04 2.93 - - - - - - - - 3.03 - - Kuwait .......................................... 2.60 2.60 2.60 2.60 - - - - - - - - 2.60 - - Libya ............................................ 1.37 1.33 0.65 0.33 - - - - - - - - 0.92 - - Nigeria .........................................

367

Clean Technology Fund (CTF) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fund (CTF) Fund (CTF) (Redirected from Vietnam-Clean Technology Fund (CTF)) Jump to: navigation, search Name Clean Technology Fund (CTF) Agency/Company /Organization African Development Bank, Asian Development Bank, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Inter-American Development Bank, World Bank Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Geothermal, Transportation Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Algeria, Egypt, Indonesia, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Mexico, Morocco, Nigeria, Philippines, South Africa, Thailand, Tunisia UN Region South-Eastern Asia References Middle East and North Africa Regional Program (Algeria, Egypt, Jorban, Morroco, Tunisia)-Clean Technology Fund (CTF)[1]

368

Slide23 | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Slide23 Slide23 Slide23 Developing Country Access Afghanistan Guatemala Nigeria Albania Guinea Pakistan Algeria Guinea-Bissau Palestinian Territories (West Bank/ Gaza) Angola Guyana Papua New Guinea Armenia Haiti Paraguay Azerbaijan Honduras Peru Bangladesh Indonesia Philippines Belize Iraq Rwanda Benin Jordan Samoa Bhutan Kenya Sao Tome and Principe Bolivia Kiribati Senegal Burkina Faso Kyrgyzstan Sierra Leone Burundi Lao People's Democratic Republic Solomon Islands Cambodia Lesotho Somalia Cameroon Liberia Sri Lanka Cape Verde Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Swaziland Central African Republic Madagascar Tajikistan Chad Malawi Tanzania, United Republic of Colombia Maldives Thailand Comoros Mali Timor-Leste Congo Marshall Islands Togo Congo, The Democratic Republic of Mauritania Tonga

369

Recombinant production of bacterial toxins and their derivatives in the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-selective channels in planar 43. Ogunjimi AA, Chandler JM, Gbenle GO, Olukoya DK, Akinrimisi EO: Heterologous expression of cry2 gene from a local strain of Bacillus thuringiensis isolated in Nigeria. Biotechnol Appl Bio- chem 2002, 36:241-246. 44. Sreekrishna K... ral ssBioMed CentMicrobial Cell Factories Open AcceReview Recombinant production of bacterial toxins and their derivatives in the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris Cemal Gurkan*1,2 and David J Ellar1 Address: 1Department of Biochemistry...

Gurkan, Cemal; Ellar, David J

2005-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

370

LPG export growth will exceed demand by 2000  

SciTech Connect

LPG supplies for international trade will increase sharply through 2000 and begin to outstrip demand by 1997 or 1998. This outlook depends on several production projects proceeding as planned. Leading the way to increased volumes are projects in Algeria, Nigeria, and Australia, among others. Purvin and Gertz, Dallas, projected this trend earlier this year at an international LPG seminar near Houston. Representatives from LPG-supplying countries also presented information to support this view and subsequently supplied more specifics to OGJ in response to questions. This paper discusses this information. Trends in Africa, Australia, North America, and South America are forecast.

True, W.R.

1994-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

371

Engineering internship at Brown & Root, Incorporated: a report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An engineering intership at Brown & Root, Incorporated was completed over a period slightly in excess of one year. During his internship, the industrial engineer was assigned tasks related to the organization of a manufacturing department and the pursuit and completion of its projects. Many of his contributions were system-related and involved sales, engineering proposals, engineering economy, contract negotiations, employee merit evaluation, design, and general groundwork. He was also assigned to two engineering projects concerning the design and construction of manufacturing facilities. One of the project assignments required international travel to England and Nigeria, and almost all of the assignments involved some aspect of engineering management.

Gannaway, Randall Joe, 1952-

1977-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Non-OPEC oil supply continues to grow  

SciTech Connect

Global reserves of crude oil remain at 1 trillion bbl, according to OGJ`s annual survey of producing countries. Significant gains are in Brazil, Colombia, Congo, Egypt, Libya, Nigeria, Oman, and Papua New Guinea. Decreases were reported by Indonesia, Norway, the U.K., Iran, Canada, Mexico, and the US. Natural gas reserves slipped to 4.9 quadrillion cu ft. The major production trend is a lasting surge from outside of OPEC. This year`s Worldwide Production report begins with a detailed analysis of this crucial development by an international authority. This article discusses the OECD outlook by region and the turnaround in production in the former Soviet Union.

Knapp, D.H. [International Energy Agency, Paris (France)

1995-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

373

OPEC production: Capital limitations, environmental movements may interfere with expansion plans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Obtaining capital is a critical element in the production expansion plans of OPEC member countries. Another issue that may impact the plans is the environmental taxes that may reduce the call on OPEC oil by 5 million b/d in 2000 and about 16 million b/d in the year 2010. This concluding part of a two-part series discusses the expansion possibilities of non-Middle East OPEC members, OPEC's capital requirements, and environmental concerns. Non-Middle East OPEC includes Algeria, Gabon, Indonesia, Libya, Nigeria, and Venezuela.

Ismail, I.A.H. (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, Vienna (Austria))

1994-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

374

Category:PVGIS Map Files | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

PVGIS Map Files PVGIS Map Files Jump to: navigation, search This category contains map files produced by the Photovoltaic Geographical Information System. Media in category "PVGIS Map Files" The following 85 files are in this category, out of 85 total. PVGIS-4-gs13.png PVGIS-4-gs13.png 398 KB PVGIS-Africa-SolarPotential-img-v2.png PVGIS-Africa-SolarPote... 1.73 MB PVGIS-Alps-solar-map.png PVGIS-Alps-solar-map.png 1.83 MB PVGIS-Europe-solar-opt-publication.png PVGIS-Europe-solar-opt... 5.04 MB PVGIS-gs13.nigeria.png PVGIS-gs13.nigeria.png 123 KB PVGIS-Mediterranean-globrad-opt-angle.png PVGIS-Mediterranean-gl... 4.54 MB PVGIS-solar-horiz-AL.png PVGIS-solar-horiz-AL.png 747 KB PVGIS-solar-horiz-AT.png PVGIS-solar-horiz-AT.png 611 KB PVGIS-solar-horiz-BA.png PVGIS-solar-horiz-BA.png

375

Interest grows in African oil and gas opportunities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As African countries continue a slow drift towards democratic government and market economics, the continent is increasingly attractive to international oil and gas companies. Though Africa remains politically diverse, and its volatile politics remains a major barrier to petroleum companies, a number of recent developments reflect its growing significance for the industry. Among recent projects and events reflecting changes in Africa: oil and gas exporter Algeria has invited foreign oil companies to help develop major gas discoveries, with a view to boosting exports to Europe; oil and gas producer Egypt invited foreign companies to explore in the Nile Delta region, and the result appears to be a flowering world scale gas play; west African offshore exploration has entered deep water and new areas, and a number of major projects are expected in years to come; Nigeria`s reputation as a difficult place to operate has been justified by recent political and civil events, but a long-planned liquefied natural gas (LNG) export plant is being built there; South Africa, which has returned to the international scene after years of trade isolation because of apartheid, is emerging as a potential driver for energy industry schemes throughout the continent. Activities are discussed.

Knott, D.

1997-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

376

JGR-Atmospheres Papers from the RADAGAST Research Team  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

JGR-Atmospheres Papers from the RADAGAST Research Team JGR-Atmospheres Papers from the RADAGAST Research Team Bharmal, N.A., A. Slingo, G.J. Robinson, and J.J. Settle, 2009: Simulation of surface and top of atmosphere thermal fluxes and radiances from the RADAGAST experiment. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 114, doi:10.1029/2008JD010504, in press. Kollias, P., M.A. Miller, K.L. Johnson, M.P. Jensen, and D.T. Troyan, 2009: Cloud, thermodynamic, and precipitation observations in West Africa during 2006. Journal of Geophysical Research- Atmospheres, 114, doi: 10.1029/2008JD010641, in press. McFarlane, S.A., E.I. Kassianov, J. Barnard, C. Flynn, and T. Ackerman, 2009: Surface shortwave aerosol forcing during the ARM Mobile Facility deployment in Niamey, Niger. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 114, doi: 10.1029/2008JD010491, 17 pages.

377

ARM - Mobile Aerosol Observing System  

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FacilitiesMobile Aerosol Observing System FacilitiesMobile Aerosol Observing System AMF Information Science Architecture Baseline Instruments AMF1 AMF2 AMF3 Data Operations AMF Fact Sheet Images Contacts AMF Deployments Hyytiälä, Finland, 2014 Manacapuru, Brazil, 2014 Oliktok Point, Alaska, 2013 Los Angeles, California, to Honolulu, Hawaii, 2012 Cape Cod, Massachusetts, 2012 Gan Island, Maldives, 2011 Ganges Valley, India, 2011 Steamboat Springs, Colorado, 2010 Graciosa Island, Azores, 2009-2010 Shouxian, China, 2008 Black Forest, Germany, 2007 Niamey, Niger, 2006 Point Reyes, California, 2005 Mobile Aerosol Observing System Intensive aerosol observations conducted on the campus of Brookhaven National Laboratory on Long Island, New York, using the ARM Mobile Aerosol Observing System. Intensive aerosol observations conducted on the campus of Brookhaven

378

Creating an Evergreen Agriculture in Africa: for Food Security and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Creating an Evergreen Agriculture in Africa: for Food Security and Creating an Evergreen Agriculture in Africa: for Food Security and Environmental Resilience Jump to: navigation, search Name Creating an Evergreen Agriculture in Africa: for Food Security and Environmental Resilience Agency/Company /Organization World Agroforestry Centre Partner Program on Forests Sector Land Focus Area Forestry, Agriculture Topics Co-benefits assessment, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type Publications, Lessons learned/best practices Website http://www.profor.info/profor/ Country Niger, Malawi, Zambia UN Region "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

379

ARM - AMF2 Architecture  

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Architecture Architecture AMF Information Science Architecture Baseline Instruments AMF1 AMF2 AMF3 Data Operations AMF Fact Sheet Images Contacts AMF Deployments Hyytiälä, Finland, 2014 Manacapuru, Brazil, 2014 Oliktok Point, Alaska, 2013 Los Angeles, California, to Honolulu, Hawaii, 2012 Cape Cod, Massachusetts, 2012 Gan Island, Maldives, 2011 Ganges Valley, India, 2011 Steamboat Springs, Colorado, 2010 Graciosa Island, Azores, 2009-2010 Shouxian, China, 2008 Black Forest, Germany, 2007 Niamey, Niger, 2006 Point Reyes, California, 2005 AMF2 Architecture The core AMF2 instrumentation is designed to operate out of modules; small independent climate controlled systems that house instrument computers, data loggers and other support equipment. This design feature sets the AMF2 apart in its flexibility and mobility at deployment sites.

380

Research Highlight  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Desert Dust Determines Aerial Spread of Thunderstorm Clouds Desert Dust Determines Aerial Spread of Thunderstorm Clouds Submitter: Bhattacharya, A., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Area of Research: Cloud Distributions/Characterizations Working Group(s): Cloud Life Cycle Journal Reference: Zeng X, W Tao, SW Powell, RA Houze, P Ciesielski, N Guy, H Pierce, and T Matsui. 2013. "A comparison of the water budgets between clouds from AMMA and TWP-ICE." Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 70(2), doi:10.1175/JAS-D-12-050.1. The sun, seen through a dusty atmosphere, sets at Niamey, the capital of Niger, which is located in the African Sahara. Anvil clouds that accompany thunderstorms. Contrasts often provide unique perspectives, and scientists seize any such opportunity-when it arises. In a new research paper, published in the Journal of Atmospheric Sciences,

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

ARM - Facility News Article  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sunphotometer to Obtain Additional Aerosol Data in Niamey Sunphotometer to Obtain Additional Aerosol Data in Niamey Bookmark and Share Located nearby the AMF ground instruments, the sunphotometer, in the foreground, requires an unobstructed hemispheric view of the sky to obtain its measurements. Located nearby the AMF ground instruments, the sunphotometer, in the foreground, requires an unobstructed hemispheric view of the sky to obtain its measurements. In early August, a new Cimel sunphotometer (CSPHOT) was deployed at the ARM Mobile Facility site in Niamey, Niger, as part of the ongoing RADAGAST field campaign. The CSPHOT measures the solar and sky radiance at various wavelengths in the visible and near-infrared spectrum (340, 380, 440, 500, 670, 870, 936, 1020 nm). From these measurements, a number of aerosol

382

1  

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Dust Properties Derived from Multi-Filter Rotating Dust Properties Derived from Multi-Filter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer Data in Niamey E. Kassianov, T. Ackerman, J. Barnard, C. Flynn, and S. McFarlane Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington Introduction One of the key uncertainties in the earth's radiation balance is the effect of dust on radiative fluxes (aerosol radiative forcing), which in turn affects climatic processes on both planetary and local scales (e.g., Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change 2001; Sokolik et al. 2001). Since Saharan dust is one of the main sources of dust over the globe, its radiative effect has long been the subject of intensive studies. Recently, the ARM Mobile Facility (AMF) was deployed to Niamey, Niger, to participate in a large field campaign directed at elucidating the radiative effect of Saharan dust

383

1  

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Background Climatology for the Atmospheric Background Climatology for the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program Mobile Facility Deployment in Niamey: Mean Annual Cycle and 2004-2005 Interannual Variability P.J. Lamb and M. Issa Lélé Cooperative Institute for Mesoscale Meteorological Studies The University of Oklahoma Norman, Oklahoma Abstract This study is comprised of two parts. The first part provides the long-term mean annual cycle context for the deployment of Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Mobile Facility (AMF) in Niamey, Niger, Africa, during the entire year of 2006. Documentation includes the annual cycles (calendar month basis) of the following surface meteorological variables that will be important for the ARM deployment-rainfall, visibility (proxy for atmospheric dust), vapor pressure (proxy for column

384

ARM_Overview_black_43.ppt  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

- In and Out of Africa - In and Out of Africa Gary Robinson, Tony Slingo, Nazim Bharmal and Jeff Settle Environmental Systems Science Centre, Reading University, UK RADAGAST is a collaborative project, involving UK, US and European scientists, to investigate the radiative divergence across the atmosphere. West Africa was chosen as the study area because the combination of wide range of column water vapour, episodic wind-generated dust events and seasonal aerosols from biomass burning presents a particular challenge to radiative transfer models. The primary data inputs are top-of-atmosphere narrow and broad-band observations from METEOSAT Second Generation (MSG) satellites and surface observations from the ARM Mobile Facility (AMF), which was deployed throughout 2006 at Niamey, Niger, in support of RADAGAST.

385

ARM - Facility News Article  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

January 15, 2006 [Facility News] January 15, 2006 [Facility News] ARM Mobile Facility Begins Year-Long Deployment in Africa Bookmark and Share Beginning on January 9, the ARM Mobile Facility began officially collecting atmospheric data from a location at the airport in Niamey, Niger, Africa. As part of the RADAGAST field campaign, the AMF will measure the effects of absorbing aerosols from desert dust in the dry season, and the effects of deep convective clouds and associated moisture loadings on the transmission of atmospheric radiation during the summer monsoon. These measurements will be combined with associated satellite data to provide the first well-sampled direct estimates of the energy balance across the atmosphere. This dataset will provide valuable information to an ongoing effort called

386

Papua New Guinea-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Papua New Guinea-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Papau New Guinea-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Papau New Guinea UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea 2.12 Saint Lucia 2.13 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.14 Samoa

387

ARM - Datastreams - twrcam3m  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Datastreamstwrcam3m Datastreamstwrcam3m Documentation Data Quality Plots Citation DOI: 10.5439/1025311 [ What is this? ] Generate Citation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Datastream : TWRCAM3M Three Meter Tower: video camera Active Dates 2002.03.25 - 2013.07.09 Measurement Categories Surface Properties Originating Instrument Tower Camera (TWRCAM) Measurements The measurements below provided by this product are those considered scientifically relevant. Measurement Variable Surface condition jpg Locations North Slope Alaska NSA C2 Browse Data Central Facility, Atqasuk AK ARM Mobile Facility FKB M1 Browse Data Black Forest, Germany GRW M1 Browse Data Graciosa Island, Azores, Portugal NIM M1 Browse Data Niamey, Niger

388

Communications: NREL PowerPoint Presentation Template with Light Background  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

AMF/GNDRAD Reconfiguration: AMF/GNDRAD Reconfiguration: Moving the White CoolCell ARM Radiative Processes Working Group Analyses by Mary Anderberg & Tom Stoffel March 10, 2008 ACRF Upwelling Irradiances Infrared UIR Shortwave US Pt Reyes, CA Banizoumbou Niger AMF Upwelling Irradiances Warren et al. visits FKB... BCR 01402: Move 7 m before on 10 m Tower AMF Upwelling Irradiances July 14, 2007 UIR US AMF Upwelling Irradiances July 15, 2007 UIR US AMF Upwelling Irradiances August 1, 2007 UIR US AMF Upwelling Irradiances August 5, 2007 UIR US Surface Albedo (AM) Surface Albedo (PM) Radiometer View Factors * * * 90% Irradiance Contribution Height (AGL) Effective Radius 3 m 9 m 10 m 29 m Radiometer Sensitivities Pyranometer +/- 10 Wm -2 vs 0.4% of 200 Wm-2 (0.8 Wm

389

American Goldfinch  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

American Goldfinch American Goldfinch Name: Mary-Ellen Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: I happened on an American Goldfinch in my yard last week who could not fly. I captured it and now have it living in a large box. I have been feeding it commericial wild finch seed, niger seed and some sunflower seed. I have also provided a small cup of fine sand and a dish of water. Am I missing anything in it's diet? I had hoped to find someone to take it and care for it until it could fly again but have been unsuccessful so I may end up caring for it. It's wing is not visibly injured, however it can only flutter. I have been caring for it for 6 days now and it appears OK. Have also provided it with a small perch (branch) which it seems to use most of the time. Any other suggestions?

390

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience Saint Vincent and the Grenadines-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Saint Vincent and the Grenadines-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Saint Vincent and the Grenadines UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea 2.12 Saint Lucia 2.13 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.14 Samoa 2.15 Tajikistan

391

Microsoft PowerPoint - Lamb_et_al_Norfolk_Poster  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

AMF 2006 Niamey Radiosonde AMF 2006 Niamey Radiosonde Data: Some Preliminary Results Peter J. Lamb 1 , Abdelkrim Ben Mohamed 2 , Mark Miller 3 , Ibrah Seidou Sanda 2 , Hamidou Hama 4 , Abebe Abdou Adam 5 1 University of Oklahoma-CIMMS, 2 Université Abdou Moumouni, 3 Rutgers University, 4 ASECNA-Niger, 5 ACMAD Introduction The 2006 ARM Mobile Facility (AMF) deployment in Niamey in support of the RADAGAST component of the AMMA Programme brought out a more complete picture of the Sahelian atmospheric environment. This poster presents an analysis of the AMF rawinsonde soundings made in Niamey between January 07, 2006 and January 07, 2007. This is a comprehensive study of all soundings considered together and at the principal synoptic observation times (0000, 0600, 1200, and 1800 UTC). The analysis focuses on temperature, humidity,

392

ARM - AMF2 Organization and Contact Information  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Organization and Contact Information Organization and Contact Information AMF Information Science Architecture Baseline Instruments AMF1 AMF2 AMF3 Data Operations AMF Fact Sheet Images Contacts AMF Deployments Hyytiälä, Finland, 2014 Manacapuru, Brazil, 2014 Oliktok Point, Alaska, 2013 Los Angeles, California, to Honolulu, Hawaii, 2012 Cape Cod, Massachusetts, 2012 Gan Island, Maldives, 2011 Ganges Valley, India, 2011 Steamboat Springs, Colorado, 2010 Graciosa Island, Azores, 2009-2010 Shouxian, China, 2008 Black Forest, Germany, 2007 Niamey, Niger, 2006 Point Reyes, California, 2005 AMF2 Organization and Contact Information The Argonne AMF2 Operations Office manages the operation of the second ARM mobile facility. Basic contact information, phone numbers, email, and shipping information to personnel in this office is available on this page.

393

Mobile Climate Monitoring Facility to Sample Skies in Africa | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mobile Climate Monitoring Facility to Sample Skies in Africa Mobile Climate Monitoring Facility to Sample Skies in Africa Mobile Climate Monitoring Facility to Sample Skies in Africa January 18, 2006 - 10:47am Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. -- The U.S. Department of Energy's Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program is placing a new, portable atmospheric laboratory with sophisticated instruments and data systems in Niger, Africa, to gain a better understanding of the potential impacts of Saharan dust on global climate. Dust from Africa's Sahara desert-the largest source of dust on the planet-reaches halfway around the globe. Carried by winds and clouds, the dust travels through West African, Mediterranean, and European skies, and across the Atlantic into North America. Unfortunately, Africa is one of the most under-sampled climate regimes in the world, leaving scientists to

394

Layout 1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Few stop to consider the consequences Few stop to consider the consequences of their daily ablutions, the washing of clothes, the watering of lawns, and the flush of a toilet. However, wastewater treatment-one of the cornerstones of modern civilization-is inside this issue 2. Finishers Convene in NM Spot Awards 3. Termites in Costa Rica 4. Profile: Erika Lindquist 5. Plant Pathogens Decoded OPA Recipients 6. Young Investigator Winner 8. Spotlight on Safety 9. Hazards of Being a Microbiologist 10. All About Webfeeds 11. Eukaryotic Finishing at Stanford 12. Symbiotic Tree Fungus 17. New CSP Targets 19. Pichia stipitis 20. Aspergillus niger PRIMER the October 2006 Volume 3 Issue 2 First Tree Genome Is Published: Poplar Holds Promise as Renewable Bioenergy Resource Wood from a common tree may one day figure prominently in meeting trans-

395

ARM - Facility News Article  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

31, 2005 [Facility News] 31, 2005 [Facility News] Ancillary Site to Provide Key Data from Africa Bookmark and Share In January 2006, the ARM Mobile Facility (AMF) begins a year-long field campaign in Africa as part of a multi-year international experiment called the African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analysis (AMMA). The AMF will be placed at the airport in Niamey, Niger, well within view of the Global Earth Radiation Budget (GERB) geostationary satellite. Cloud and radiative property measurements collected by the AMF will be used in conjunction with GERB data for a greater understanding of the atmosphere than could be gained from either dataset alone. While preparing for the campaign, the science team identified the need for instrumentation at an off-site location to compare radiative measurements from the natural environment of

396

nab-ARM_land2_v5.ppt  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

corresponding result can be seen in the corresponding result can be seen in the top-of-atmosphere long-wave flux. Figure 3 shows the modelled OLR and that measured by the ARG product. The difference is postulated to be because the AMF ground measurements are not representative of the area within the ARG pixel. Figure 4 shows the SEVIRI 10.8μm-derived skin temperatures: over the region, the temperature variations can account for an upwelling flux variation of 70 Wm -2 . At the AMF, Niamey airport site itself, the November-averaged skin temperature is ~319K. Figure 2: 0.6μm SEVIRI radiances. Mean of all times during November 2006 without cloud-cover. The dark band is the Niger river. Figure 1: TOA SW fluxes via two products from satellite measurements: ARG and HR. Figure 5: Daily-averaged down-welling LW flux, from AMF

397

ARM - Facility News Article  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

April 15, 2010 [Facility News] April 15, 2010 [Facility News] Second Phase of African Scientific Exchange Underway Bookmark and Share Left to right: Dr. Zewdu Segele and Hama Hamidou examine reflectivity measurements made by the W-band ARM cloud radar in Niamey during July 2006. Left to right: Dr. Zewdu Segele and Hama Hamidou examine reflectivity measurements made by the W-band ARM cloud radar in Niamey during July 2006. Continuing an international collaboration that began with the ARM Mobile Facility deployment to Niamey, Niger, in 2006, meteorologist Hama Hamidou from the University of Niamey recently arrived at the Cooperative Institute for Mesoscale Meteorological Studies at the University of Oklahoma for a six-month scientific exchange. Under the guidance of Dr. Zewdu Segele, a

398

Mobile Facility  

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Facility Facility AMF Information Science Architecture Baseline Instruments AMF1 AMF2 AMF3 Data Operations AMF Fact Sheet Images Contacts AMF Deployments Hyytiälä, Finland, 2014 Manacapuru, Brazil, 2014 Oliktok Point, Alaska, 2013 Los Angeles, California, to Honolulu, Hawaii, 2012 Cape Cod, Massachusetts, 2012 Gan Island, Maldives, 2011 Ganges Valley, India, 2011 Steamboat Springs, Colorado, 2010 Graciosa Island, Azores, 2009-2010 Shouxian, China, 2008 Black Forest, Germany, 2007 Niamey, Niger, 2006 Point Reyes, California, 2005 Mobile Facilities Pictured here in Gan, the second mobile facility is configured in a standard layout. Pictured here in Gan, the second mobile facility is configured in a standard layout. To explore science questions beyond those addressed by ARM's fixed sites at

399

ARM - Surface Aerosol Observing System  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FacilitiesSurface Aerosol Observing System FacilitiesSurface Aerosol Observing System AMF Information Science Architecture Baseline Instruments AMF1 AMF2 AMF3 Data Operations AMF Fact Sheet Images Contacts AMF Deployments Hyytiälä, Finland, 2014 Manacapuru, Brazil, 2014 Oliktok Point, Alaska, 2013 Los Angeles, California, to Honolulu, Hawaii, 2012 Cape Cod, Massachusetts, 2012 Gan Island, Maldives, 2011 Ganges Valley, India, 2011 Steamboat Springs, Colorado, 2010 Graciosa Island, Azores, 2009-2010 Shouxian, China, 2008 Black Forest, Germany, 2007 Niamey, Niger, 2006 Point Reyes, California, 2005 Surface Aerosol Observing System The ARM Mobile Facility (AMF) is equipped to quantify the interaction between clouds and aerosol particles. A counter-flow virtual impactor (CVI) is used to selectively sample cloud drops. The CVI takes advantage of the

400

W-band ARM Cloud Radar (WACR) Update and Status  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

W-band ARM Cloud Radar (WACR) Update and Status W-band ARM Cloud Radar (WACR) Update and Status PopStefanija, Ivan ProSensing, Inc. Mead, James ProSensing Inc. Widener, Kevin Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Category: Instruments Two W-band ARM Cloud Radars (WACR) have been developed for the SGP and the ARM Mobile Facility (AMF) by ProSensing. The SGP WACR was successfully deployed in the same shelter as the MMCR in 2005. It is currently collecting co-polarization and cross-polarization spectral moments (reflectivity, Doppler velocity, and spectral width) along with spectra data. The AMF WACR will be deployed with the AMF in Niamey, Niger early in 2006. We will present ingested WACR data formats available from the ARM Archive, a selected comparisons of WACR and MMCR data at SGP, and data from

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nicaragua niger nigeria" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

ARM - Facility News Article  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

15, 2006 [Facility News] 15, 2006 [Facility News] Radar Wind Profiler Joins ARM Mobile Facility Instrument Suite Bookmark and Share This spring, a 915 MHz radar wind profiler (RWP) was successfully installed at the ARM Mobile Facility (AMF) site in Niamey, Niger, West Africa, for the remainder of the 1-year RADAGAST field campaign which started in January. The RWP will provide information about wind speed, wind direction, and wind shear, and also enable measurements of the turbulence in the lower part of the troposphere. This may be a key variable in determining the vertical distribution of dust in the experimental domain. Gradients in the radar's reflectivity spectrum may also help to provide continuous identification of the depth of the boundary layer in the summer months, when refractive gradients are likely to be maximized by low-level moisture.

402

JeffersonSTM09.ppt  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

AOS: Measurements of Aerosol Optical and AOS: Measurements of Aerosol Optical and AOS: Measurements of Aerosol Optical and Cloud-forming Properties Cloud-forming Properties Anne Jefferson and John Ogren NOAA Environmental Science Research Laboratory CIRES, University of Colorado ARM STM 2009 Aerosol Observing Systems In-situ surface measurements of aerosol optical, chemical, size, hygroscopic and cloud-forming properties * SGP - ARM central facility Lamont, OK *AMF - Pt Reyes, CA 3/2005 - 9/2005 - Niamey, Niger 12/2005-1/2007 - Murg Valley, Germany 4/2007 -1/2008 - Shouxian China 5/2008 - 12/2008 - Graciosa Island, Azores 4/2009 *BRW/NSA - Barrow Alaska *AMF2 ? Darwin? - What instruments support the science? AMF deployment in Shouxian China, HFE HFE was located at a rural, agricultural area ~120 km from Hefei, ~200 km from Nanking

403

The AMMA mulid network for aerosol characterization in West Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Three ground based portable low power consumption microlidars (MULID) have been built and deployed at three remote sites in Banizoumbou (Niger), Cinzana (Mali) and M'Bour (Senegal) in the framework of the African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analyses (AMMA) project for the characterization of aerosols optical properties. A description of the instrument and a discussion of the data inversion method, including a careful analysis of measurement uncertainties (systematic and statistical errors) are presented. Some case studies of typical lidar profiles observed over the Banizoumbou site during 2006 are shown and discussed with respect to the AERONET 7-day back-trajectories and the biomass burning emissions from the Combustion Emission database for the AMMA campaign.

Cavalieri, Olga; Cairo, Francesco; Fierli, Federico; Snels, Marcel; Viterbini, Maurizio; Cardillo, Francesco; Chatenet, Bernadette; Formenti, Paola; Marticorena, Beatrice; Rajot, Jean Louis

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Alcoholic fermentation of raw sweet potato by a nonconventional method using Endomycopsis fibuligera glucoamylase preparation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years, alcoholic fermentation has received much attention as an alternative energy source. In conventional alcoholic fermentation from starchy materials, precooking is necessary for liquefaction and saccharification of the broth, which requires a large amount of heat energy - about 30-40% of all energy spent for alcohol production. Ueda and his co-workers have attempted to produce ethanol from raw starch in a single-step process, which combines liquefaction, saccharification, and yeast fermentation without cooking and autoclaving by using glucoamylase preparation from Aspergillus niger in order to save the cost of energy consumption by cooking. Ueda has also reported alcoholic fermentation of sweet potato without cooking by using Rhizopus glucoamylase preparation. In the present communication, we report the effectiveness of alcoholic fermentation of sweet potato without cooking by using Endomycopsis fibuligers glucoamylase preparation. (Refs. 5).

Saha, B.C.; Ueda, S.

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Climate Research Facility Annual Report 2006  

SciTech Connect

This annual report describes the purpose and structure of the ARM Climate Research Facility and ARM Science programs and presents key accomplishments in 2006. Noteworthy scientific and infrastructure accomplishments in 2006 include: • Collaborating with the Australian Bureau of Meteorology to lead the Tropical Warm Pool-International Cloud Experiment, a major international field campaign held in Darwin, Australia • Successfully deploying the ARM Mobile Facility in Niger, Africa • Developing the new ARM Aerial Vehicles Program (AVP) to provide airborne measurements • Publishing a new finding on the impacts of aerosols on surface energy budget in polar latitudes • Mitigating a long-standing double-Intertropical Convergence Zone problem in climate models using ARM data and a new cumulus parameterization scheme.

LR Roeder

2005-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

406

Sunny prospects for heat engines  

SciTech Connect

The world's largest solar power plant is being built at Amilly, France and will be installed next year in Dire, Mali. Its capacity will be 80,000 watts. Each day it will pump 300,000 cubic feet of water up 23 feet from the Niger River to irrigate 37 acres of land. From a well 60 feet deep, it will pump another 21,200 cubic feet daily to supply drinking water for 10,000 people in Dire. It will refrigerate a cold room for an agricultural cooperative and, finally, after sundown, will generate 5 kW of electrical power to light both the cooperative and a 40-room tourist hotel. Jean-Pierre Girardier developed the heat engine utilizing the temperature difference between the hot African sun overhead and the cold water under the ground. (MCW)

Behrman, D.

1978-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Productivity and Quality of Brown Midrib (bmr) Sorghum Varieties to Producers in Central America  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The improved dry matter digestibility of the brown midrib (bmr) sorghum cultivars is attributed to constitutive deficiencies of the lignin biosynthesis pathways which results in lower lignin concentrations. The lower lignin concentrations are expressed only in a homozygous recessive genotypes and it is phenotypically identified by a brown to tan vascular coloration present in the mid-rib of the leaf blades. Utilizing this trait increases forage consumption and productivity of both dairy and beef production. There is a need to extend this trait into more forage production systems, including those in Central America where forages constitute a major portion of the ruminants’ diets. To achieve this goal, the bmr12 gene was incorporated via conventional breeding, into 16 lines derived from commonly used Central American sorghum varieties. These experimental lines were tested for agronomic performance during 2010 and 2011 in the Central American region. In addition, grain and biomass composition were estimated using near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS) whereas the dry biomass digestibility was evaluated using an in vitro approach. The combined analysis indicated the bmr trait increased in vitro dry matter digestibility and reduced acid detergent lignin and acid detergent fiber levels. This combination results in improved sorghum forage quality. Furthermore, negative traits typically associated with bmr mutants such as plant height reduction, delayed flowering, and lodging problems were not observed and the bmr trait had no effect on grain composition. Additionally, post hoc tests identified CI0947bmr as the best experimental line for dry both biomass and grain yield across multiple environments. Stability analysis, identified CI0947bmr as the most stable genotype for both traits. Finally, the “which-won-where” biplot analysis graphically identified CI0947bmr as the best bmr inbred for Honduras, Guatemala and Nicaragua across several environments.

Portillo Rodriguez, Ostilio Rolando

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Twenty-first workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering: Proceedings  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

PREFACE The Twenty-First Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering was held at the Holiday Inn, Palo Alto on January 22-24, 1996. There were one-hundred fifty-five registered participants. Participants came from twenty foreign countries: Argentina, Austria, Canada, Costa Rica, El Salvador, France, Iceland, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, the Philippines, Romania, Russia, Switzerland, Turkey and the UK. The performance of many geothermal reservoirs outside the United States was described in several of the papers. Professor Roland N. Horne opened the meeting and welcomed visitors. The key note speaker was Marshall Reed, who gave a brief overview of the Department of Energy's current plan. Sixty-six papers were presented in the technical sessions of the workshop. Technical papers were organized into twenty sessions concerning: reservoir assessment, modeling, geology/geochemistry, fracture modeling hot dry rock, geoscience, low enthalpy, injection, well testing, drilling, adsorption and stimulation. Session chairmen were major contributors to the workshop, and we thank: Ben Barker, Bobbie Bishop-Gollan, Tom Box, Jim Combs, John Counsil, Sabodh Garg, Malcolm Grant, Marcel0 Lippmann, Jim Lovekin, John Pritchett, Marshall Reed, Joel Renner, Subir Sanyal, Mike Shook, Alfred Truesdell and Ken Williamson. Jim Lovekin gave the post-dinner speech at the banquet and highlighted the exciting developments in the geothermal field which are taking place worldwide. The Workshop was organized by the Stanford Geothermal Program faculty, staff, and graduate students. We wish to thank our students who operated the audiovisual equipment. Shaun D. Fitzgerald Program Manager.

None

1996-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

409

Crossing the Divide: A Case Study of Cross-Cultural Organizational Culture and Leadership Perceptions in a Faith-Based Non-Profit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For this qualitative research a single case study was conducted of a faith-based non-profit organization, Health Education and Literacy Providers (H.E.L.P.), which operates simultaneously in the United States and Nigeria. The purpose of this study was to explore the cross-cultural leadership phenomena occurring within H.E.L.P. and to provide evaluation services and research data to the American members of H.E.L.P. Participants included a sample of the American board members, Nigerian board members, and Nigerian employees. Three data collection methods were used to achieve triangulation including participant observations, interviews, and analysis of documents. The first research objective was to investigate the cross-cultural leadership context by analyzing the organizational culture of H.E.L.P. in Nigeria. Results revealed H.E.L.P. was designed by American board members to operate as a bureaucratic culture with an emphasis on a business-like structure, centralized authority, compartmentalization, and efficiency. The Nigerian board members and employees, however, expressed a desire for a supportive culture that focused on love and harmony uncovering a discrepancy between American and Nigerian preferences in organizational culture typology. The results from the Global Leadership and Organizational Behavior Effectiveness (GLOBE) study were referenced to provide a cultural explanation for variations in organizational culture preferences. According to GLOBE study findings, the United States ranked higher on performance orientation meaning Americans are more likely to value results above people, ambition, and competitiveness, and explains the American?s desire for a bureaucratic organizational culture. Nigeria ranked behind the United States as a lower performance oriented society meaning individuals place high value on relationships and harmony, explaining their desire for a supportive culture. The second and third research objectives were to determine how H.E.L.P.'s Nigerian members perceive effective leadership within their culture, and determine how the Nigerians? definition of effective leadership supports or refutes the literature on prevalent Westernized leadership theories. Results indicated the overarching leadership theme perceived to be effective by the Nigerian members of H.E.L.P. was love. Several aspects of a loving leader were evident in the data and divided into five categories each with one subcategory. These findings supported both Transformational and Authentic leadership theories.

Muenich, Joelle 1987-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets (Redirected from Ecofys Country Fact Sheets) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Ecofys Country Fact Sheets Agency/Company /Organization: Ecofys Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Background analysis, Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Policies/deployment programs Website: www.ecofys.com/files/files/ecofys_2011_country_factsheets_update.pdf Country: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, European Union, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, South Korea, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Venezuela

411

Climate-Proofing Energy Systems | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Proofing Energy Systems Proofing Energy Systems Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Climate-Proofing Energy Systems Agency/Company /Organization: Helio-International Sector: Energy Topics: GHG inventory, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Security, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Publications, Guide/manual Website: www.helio-international.org/uploads/Global%20Report.En.pdf?size=429055 Country: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Tanzania, Uganda UN Region: Middle Africa Climate-Proofing Energy Systems Screenshot References: CPES[1] Overview "This report explains why a metric for the vulnerability and resilience of energy systems is needed and proposes a methodology. It summarises anticipated climate-induced impacts on key energy systems and outlines

412

Economic Community of West African States | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

West African States West African States Jump to: navigation, search Name Economic Community of West African States Address 101, Yakubu Gowon Crescent, Asokoro District Place Abuja, Nigeria Year founded 1975 Website http://www.ecowas.int/ Coordinates 9.058036°, 7.489061° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":9.058036,"lon":7.489061,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

413

DOE/FE-0554  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4 4 Prepared by: U.S. Department of Energy Natural Gas Imports and Exports Third Quarter Report 2011 LNG LNG Japan Trinidad and Tobago Canada Yemen Mexico Nigeria Qatar China Brazil POINTS OF IMPORT 1. Sumas, Washington 2. Eastport, Idaho 3. Whitlash / Babb / Port of Del Bonita / Sweetgrass, Montana 4. Port of Morgan, Montana / Portal, North Dakota 5. Sherwood, North Dakota 6. Noyes / Warroad, Minnesota 7. Detroit / St. Clair / Marysville, Michigan 8. Niagara Falls / Grand Island, New York 9. Waddington, New York 10. Massena / Champlain, New York 11. Highgate Springs, Vermont 12. Pittsburg, New Hampshire 13. Calais, Maine 14. Ogilby, California 15. Alamo / Hidalgo, Texas 16. McAllen / Galvan Ranch, Texas 17. Northeast Gateway Deepwater Port 18. Neptune Deepwater Port 19. Everett,

414

Reducing Maternal and Infant Mortality with a Solar Suitcase: The Power to  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reducing Maternal and Infant Mortality with a Solar Suitcase: The Power to Reducing Maternal and Infant Mortality with a Solar Suitcase: The Power to Save Lives Speaker(s): Francis Rubinstein Hal Aronson Karina Garbesi Laura Stachel Date: February 23, 2012 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Karina Garbesi This seminar presents the progress to date of WE CARE Solar (at http://wecaresolar.org), a Berkeley-based non-profit, in delivering ultra-efficient lighting, power for mobile communication, and medical equipment to maternal health clinics of the developing world. In 2008 - 2009, when OB/GYN doctor Laura Stachel was studying clinical practices in an urban state hospital and surrounding clinics in Nigeria, she found a surprising result. Lack of reliable electricity was a major factor for material and infant mortality, even in grid connected buildings. Women with

415

Upcoming Reports & Publications - U.S. Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Upcoming Reports & Publications Upcoming Reports & Publications Annual December 2013 Argentina Country Analysis Brief Colombia Country Analysis Brief Nigeria Country Analysis Brief Rail Coal Transportation Rates to the Electric Power Sector Trends in Renewable Energy Consumption and Electricity World Oil Transit Chokepoints February 2014 The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran March 2014 AEO Retrospective Review State Electricity Profiles State Nuclear Profiles State Renewable Electricity Profiles April 2014 Oil and Gas Field Code Master List May 2014 Annual Energy Outlook Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook Domestic Uranium Production Report U.S. Fuel Ethanol Plant Production Capacity Uranium Marketing Annual June 2014 Refinery Capacity Report

416

Microsoft Word - figure_13.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Egypt Figure 13. Net Interstate Movements, Imports, and Exports of Natural Gas in the United States, 2007 (Million Cubic Feet) Nigeria Algeria 37,483 WA M T I D OR W Y ND SD C A N V UT CO NE KS AZ NM OK TX MN WI MI IA I L IN OH MO AR MS AL GA TN KY FL SC NC WV MD DE VA PA NJ NY CT RI MA VT NH ME LA HI AK Mexico C a n a d a C a n a d a Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada Algeria Canada Canada i i N g e r a Gulf of Mexico Gulf o f M e x i c o Gulf of Mexico Canada Gulf of Mexico Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition," and the Office of Fossil Energy, Natural Gas Imports and Exports.

417

United States - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

‹ Countries ‹ Countries United States Glossary › FAQS › Overview / Data Analysis Briefs Countries Algeria Angola Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt Gabon India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico Nigeria Norway Oman Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa Sudan and South Sudan Syria Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Venezuela Yemen Regional Caribbean Caspian Sea East China Sea Eastern Mediterranean Middle East & North Africa South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints Overview data for United States + EXPAND ALL Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day) Previous Year Latest Year History United States North America

418

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual Energy Outlook 2014 Reference case Projections for U.S. energy production, consumption, & imports through 2040 › State Energy Profiles Updated narratives and data tables, maps, rankings › American Energy Data Challenge Administrator Sieminski announces winners of first phase › Thirteen accomplishments worth celebrating in 2013 New and improved products and services from EIA › Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran › Annual Coal Report With data for 2012 › What's New AEO2014 Early Release Overview › December 16 U.S. Coal Reserves › December 16 Electric Power Annual 2012 › December 12 More › Coming Up Nigeria Country Analysis Brief › Colombia Country Analysis Brief › More ›

419

Microsoft PowerPoint - GuyCaruso oilmarketmar2010.ppt [Compatibility Mode]  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Despite Excess Spare Capacity, Reduced Demand Despite Excess Spare Capacity, Reduced Demand and Increased OPEC Production volumes, High , g Prices Persist.... 8 160 mmb/d US$/barrel 5 6 7 8 100 120 140 160 2 3 4 5 40 60 80 100 0 1 2 0 20 40 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 www.csis.org | 1 Source: IEA OMR September 2009, EIA Prices Surplus Capacity If the Fundamentals are so Bad, What's Driving Oil Prices to Increase? * Questionable Data ? What is really happening in non- OECD/China? Stocks and Line Fill? Cold Weather? * (Misplaced) Confidence in OPEC Quota Compliance * Bullish Forecasts for the Economic Recovery - A bit Premature or Real Demand Growth? * Fears of Longer Term Capacity Constraints - e.g., Nigeria, I I M i V l l ti i d d ( li t ) Iran, Iraq, Mexico, Venezuela, regulation induced (climate) * Investor moves back to Commodities; since December 1,

420

parkersburg.cdr  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

15-acre Parkersburg site is located 8 miles 15-acre Parkersburg site is located 8 miles southwest of Parkersburg, West Virginia, in Wood County, near the east bank of the Ohio River. The surrounding land is primarily agricultural and industrial with some residential use. The Carborundum Company built the original facility at the Parkersburg site in 1957 to produce zirconium metal for use in constructing nuclear reactors for the U.S. Navy. In May 1967, AMAX, a division of American Metals Climax, Inc., became the sole owner of the facility. During its years of operation, the mill processed an estimated 2 million pounds of zirconium ore, mainly from Nigeria. In addition to zirconium, the ore processed at the plant also contained oxides of hafnium, thorium, and uranium. The initial processing methods generated waste

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421

Microsoft Word - Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 1 May 2008 Short-Term Energy Outlook May 6, 2008 Release Highlights West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil spot prices increased from $101 to $120 per barrel over the first 3 weeks of April as supply disruptions in Nigeria and the North Sea and continuing strong demand growth in the emerging market countries pressured oil markets. WTI crude oil prices, which averaged $72 per barrel in 2007, are projected to average $110 per barrel in 2008 and $103 per barrel in 2009. These projections are about $9 per barrel higher than the projections in last month's Outlook. The projected prices for crude oil in 2008 will result in higher prices for all petroleum products. Regular-grade gasoline is expected to average $3.52 per

422

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Countries Countries Glossary › FAQS › Overview Data Reports Analysis Briefs Countries Algeria Angola Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt Gabon India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico Nigeria Norway Oman Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa Sudan and South Sudan Syria Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Venezuela Yemen Regional Caribbean Caspian Sea East China Sea Eastern Mediterranean Middle East & North Africa South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints World Regions Oil Production Oil Consumption Proved Reserves Click country for more information | Zoom Out | Zoom to: Zoom to Country: Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Angola

423

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - U.S. Energy  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Countries Countries Glossary › FAQS › Overview Data Reports Analysis Briefs Countries Algeria Angola Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt Gabon India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico Nigeria Norway Oman Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa Sudan and South Sudan Syria Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Venezuela Yemen Regional Caribbean Caspian Sea East China Sea Eastern Mediterranean Middle East & North Africa South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints ERROR: Invalid Country Code The link you followed is incorrect. The administrator of this site has been notified via email. Thank you for your patience. Choose your country from the menu below; or, return to Country Profiles

424

Low Carbon Jobs in an Interconnected World | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jobs in an Interconnected World Jobs in an Interconnected World Jump to: navigation, search Name Low Carbon Jobs in an Interconnected World Agency/Company /Organization Global Climate Network Partner Institute for Public Policy Research Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Co-benefits assessment, Background analysis Website http://www.ippr.org.uk/publica Country Australia, Brazil, China, Germany, India, Nigeria, South Africa, United Kingdom, United States Australia and New Zealand, South America, Eastern Asia, Western Europe, Southern Asia, Western Africa, Southern Africa, Northern Europe, Northern America References Low Carbon Jobs in an Interconnected World[1] Low Carbon Jobs in an Interconnected World Author: Global Climate Network Price: Free Publication Date: 30 March 2010

425

TABLE29.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9. 9. Net Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the United States by Country, (Thousand Barrels per Day) January 1998 Arab OPEC .................................. 1,726 37 20 0 (s) 41 -3 (s) 296 391 2,116 Algeria ...................................... 0 37 0 0 0 27 0 0 252 316 316 Iraq ........................................... 36 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 36 Kuwait ....................................... 252 0 0 0 0 0 0 (s) (s) (s) 252 Qatar ........................................ 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 (s) (s) (s) Saudi Arabia ............................. 1,438 0 20 0 (s) 14 0 (s) 43 78 1,515 United Arab Emirates ............... 0 0 0 0 (s) 0 -3 (s) (s) -3 -3 Other OPEC ................................. 1,977 (s) 52 25 14 68 -4 (s) 86 241 2,218 Indonesia .................................. 33 0 0 0 0 3 0 (s) (s) 3 36 Nigeria ...................................... 625 (s) 0 0 0 5 0 (s) 0 5 630 Venezuela

426

No Slide Title  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

and Summer Fuels Outlook Guy Caruso Administrator, Energy Information Administration 2006 Summer Transportation Fuels Outlook Conference April 11, 2006 Washington, DC Several Key Factors Drive the Short-Term Fuels Forecast 1) Rising world oil consumption; 2) Low global surplus production capacity and tight crude oil supply relative to demand; 3) Supply concerns in international oil markets (such as in Nigeria, Iraq, and Iran); 4) The challenges of:  Stricter sulfur standards under the Tier 2 Gasoline program;  MTBE phase-out;  A shift to ultra low sulfur diesel. All these factors contribute to higher prices for petroleum products, particularly in the coming months. World Oil Consumption Growth Slowed in 2005; Projected to Increase in 2006-2007 Source: EIA, Short-Term Energy Outlook, April 2006

427

Event:Expanded Constituency Workshop for West Africa | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Expanded Constituency Workshop for West Africa Expanded Constituency Workshop for West Africa Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png Expanded Constituency Workshop for West Africa: on 2012/09/04 The Global Environment Facility (GEF) is holding an Expanded Constituency Workshop (ECW) for West Africa, as part of the GEF Country Support Programme, including participants from Benin, Cote D'Ivoire, Ghana, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra leone, Guinea and Togo. The workshop will bring together representatives from civil society, the GEF Secretariat and GEF Agencies, with focal points of the biodiversity, desertification, climate change, and chemicals conventions to discuss activities with global environmental benefits. Civil society organizations are invited to register at the meeting website. Runs September 4 - 6

428

Reply to comment | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Reply to comment Reply to comment Slide23 Submitted by gibsone on Fri, 2013-08-30 06:22 FY2011-hitson Slide23 Developing Country Access Afghanistan Guatemala Nigeria Albania Guinea Pakistan Algeria Guinea-Bissau Palestinian Territories (West Bank/ Gaza) Angola Guyana Papua New Guinea Armenia Haiti Paraguay Azerbaijan Honduras Peru Bangladesh Indonesia Philippines Belize Iraq Rwanda Benin Jordan Samoa Bhutan Kenya Sao Tome and Principe Bolivia Kiribati Senegal Burkina Faso Kyrgyzstan Sierra Leone Burundi Lao People's Democratic Republic Solomon Islands Cambodia Lesotho Somalia Cameroon Liberia Sri Lanka Cape Verde Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Swaziland Central African Republic Madagascar Tajikistan Chad Malawi Tanzania, United Republic of Colombia Maldives Thailand Comoros Mali Timor-Leste

429

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Countries Countries Glossary › FAQS › Overview Data Reports Analysis Briefs Countries Algeria Angola Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt Gabon India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico Nigeria Norway Oman Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa Sudan and South Sudan Syria Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Venezuela Yemen Regional Caribbean Caspian Sea East China Sea Eastern Mediterranean Middle East & North Africa South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints World Regions Oil Production Oil Consumption Proved Reserves Click country for more information | Zoom Out | Zoom to: Zoom to Country: Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Angola

430

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Ecofys Country Fact Sheets Agency/Company /Organization: Ecofys Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Background analysis, Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Policies/deployment programs Website: www.ecofys.com/files/files/ecofys_2011_country_factsheets_update.pdf Country: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, European Union, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, South Korea, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Venezuela

431

Morocco-Low Carbon Development Planning in the Power Sector | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Morocco-Low Carbon Development Planning in the Power Sector Morocco-Low Carbon Development Planning in the Power Sector Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Morocco-Low Carbon Development Planning in the Power Sector Name Morocco-Low Carbon Development Planning in the Power Sector Agency/Company /Organization Energy Sector Management Assistance Program of the World Bank Sector Energy Topics Low emission development planning Website http://www.esmap.org/esmap/nod Country Morocco UN Region Northern Africa References ESMAP[1] Overview "This new program was initiated in 2010 and aims to provide clients with analytical support to develop capacity for low-carbon development in power sector planning. It employs a learning-by doing approach with pilot activities in two countries in the initial stage (Nigeria and Morocco -

432

E-Newsletter  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Peruse the Newsletter Archives. Peruse the Newsletter Archives. Email to subscribe or unsubscribe, or to submit news. Life Sciences Division Newsletter DNA November 2013 In this issue: Scientific News » Un-Junking Junk DNA » New Imaging Technique Identified to Monitor Progression of Heart Failure » The Inner Workings of a Bacterial Black Box Caught on Time-Lapse Video » Mina Bissell Comments on The Risks of the Replication Drive » Recent Publications » Divisional News » Lab Director Alivisatos Calls Out Work by Costes and Tang at All-Hands Meeting » Biosciences Expert Advisory Committee Meets on November 7 » Employee News » Honoring Those Who Served: Lab Vets, Including Tony Smith, Share Their Stories » Helen Budworth Mentors Emerging Leader from Nigeria in TechWomen Program »

433

Microsoft Word - front_matter_Dec12.docx  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 Egypt Figure 2. Natural gas supply and disposition in the United States, 2011 (trillion cubic feet) Extraction Loss Gross Withdrawals From Gas and Oil Wells Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented/Flared Reservoir Repressuring Production Dry Gas Imports Canada Trinidad/Tobago Nigeria Natural Gas Storage Facilities Exports Japan Canada Mexico Additions Withdrawals Gas Industry Use Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power 28.5 0.9 0.2 3.4 3.117 0.129 0.002 0.500 0.937 0.018 22.9 1.1 3.5 3.1 2.0 3.2 6.9 0.03 7.6 0.035 Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition"; Form EIA-895, "Annual Quantity and

434

Business cycles in oil economies  

SciTech Connect

This study examines the impact of oil price shocks on output fluctuations of several oil-exporting economies. In most studies of business cycles, the role of oil price is ignored; the few studies that use oil price as one of the variables in the system focus on modeling oil-importing economies. The vector autoregression (VAR) technique is used to consider the cases of Norway, Nigeria, and Mexico. Both atheoretical and structural' VARs are estimated to determine the importance of oil price impulses on output variations. The study reports two types of results: variance decomposition and impulse response functions, with particular emphasis on the issues of stationarity and co-integration among the series. The empirical results suggest that shocks to oil price are important in explaining output variations. In most cases, shocks to oil price are shown to explain more than 20% of the forecast variance of output over a 40-quarter horizon.

Al-Mutairi, N.H.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Research and Education in Basic Space Science: The Approach Pursued in the UN/ESA Workshops  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since 1990, the United Nations in cooperation with the European Space Agency is holding annually a workshop on basic space science for the benefit of the worldwide development of astronomy. These workshops have been held in countries of Asia and the Pacific (India, Sri Lanka), Latin America and the Caribbean (Costa Rica, Colombia, Honduras), Africa (Nigeria), Western Asia (Egypt, Jordan), and Europe (Germany, France). Additional to the scientific benefits of the workshops and the strengthening of international cooperation, the workshops lead to the establishment of astronomical telescope facilities in Colombia, Egypt, Honduras, Jordan, Morocco, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Uruguay. The annual UN/ESA Workshops continue to pursue an agenda to network these astronomical telescope facilities through similar research and education programmes. Teaching material and hands-on astrophysics material has been developed for the operation of such astronomical telescope facilities in an university environment.

H. M. K. Al-Naimiy; C. P. Celebre; K. Chamcham; H. S. P. de Alwis; M. C. P. de Carias; H. J. Haubold; A. E. Troche Boggino

2000-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

436

National Institute for Petroleum and Energy Research quarterly technical report for January 1--March 31, 1993. Volume 1, Fuels research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accomplishments for this past quarter are presented for the following tasks: Development of analytical methodology for analysis of heavy crudes; and thermochemistry and thermophysical properties of organic nitrogen and diheteroatom-containing compounds. Some of the highlights are: Catalytic cracking experiments on liquid chromatographic fractions from Maya (Mexico), Brass River (Nigeria) and Lagomedio (Venezuela) 650{degrees} F+ resids were completed; a series of blends of a conventional gas oil and a Wilmington 700--1000{degrees} F base fraction were also cracked in order to determine the degree of basic nitrogen poisoning of the catalyst as a function of base concentration; density measurements between approximately 320 K and 550 K were completed for 2-methylquinoline; heat-capacity and enthalpy measurements were completed for 2-methylquinoline; high-temperature heat-capacities and the critical temperature (near 800 K) for 2-methylquinoline were determined; and ebulliometric vapor pressures were measured for 2-methylquinoline.

Not Available

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Carbon emissions and sequestration in forests: Case studies from seven developing countries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

As part of the effort to understand the sources of carbon dioxide and other major greenhouse gases, the Tropical Forestry and Global Climate Change Research Network (F-7) was established. The countries taking part in the F-7 Network -- Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Nigeria and Thailand -- possess large tracts of tropical forests and together experience the bulk of large scale tropical deforestation. Integreation of work of indigenous researchers and institutions from the participating countries should allow for the gathering of on-site information into the more general and universally available base of knowledge. The information contained in this report represents the results of the first phase of the F-7 project, which had the explicit aim of providing quantitative data on forestry-related carbon emissions from India and China.

Makundi, W.; Sathaye, J. (eds.) (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)); Ravindranath, N.H.; Somashekhar, B.S.; Gadgil, M. (Indian Inst. of Science, Bangalore, (India). Center for Ecological Sciences and ASTRA); Deying, Xu (Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing, (China). Research Inst. of Forestry)

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Carbon emissions and sequestration in forests: Case studies from seven developing countries. Volume 3, India and China  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

As part of the effort to understand the sources of carbon dioxide and other major greenhouse gases, the Tropical Forestry and Global Climate Change Research Network (F-7) was established. The countries taking part in the F-7 Network -- Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Nigeria and Thailand -- possess large tracts of tropical forests and together experience the bulk of large scale tropical deforestation. Integreation of work of indigenous researchers and institutions from the participating countries should allow for the gathering of on-site information into the more general and universally available base of knowledge. The information contained in this report represents the results of the first phase of the F-7 project, which had the explicit aim of providing quantitative data on forestry-related carbon emissions from India and China.

Makundi, W.; Sathaye, J. [eds.] [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Ravindranath, N.H.; Somashekhar, B.S.; Gadgil, M. [Indian Inst. of Science, Bangalore, (India). Center for Ecological Sciences and ASTRA; Deying, Xu [Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing, (China). Research Inst. of Forestry

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

TEWS'98. Final report [5th annual International Science Camp: The Earth We Share 1998, Golden, CO  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The fifth annual International Science Camp The Earth We Share 1998 (TEWS'98) was held at the Colorado School of Mines located in Goldez Colorado. TEWS98 was a four week residential program which focused on providing a meaningful science education experience while developing critical thinking skills. Thirty three students, three teachers, four college interns and the camp administrator lived and worked together while developing solutions to several worldwide problems. These problems are called the Discovery Topics and they are: (1) design the worlds perfect house; (2) how many people can the world hold; and (3) predict the hot stocks for the year 2030. The participants, both students and staff came from different countries all over the world The following countries were represented: The United Kingdom, Sierra Leone (West Africa), Ireland, USA Nigeria, West Indies and Barbados.

Mae C. Jemison

1999-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

440

C:\ANNUAL\VENTCHAP.V8\NewNGA02.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Nigeria Nigeria Oman Qatar Trinidad Trinidad Interstate Movements of Natural Gas in the United States, 2001 (Million Cubic Feet) Supplemental Data From Volume To From Volume To (T) AL TX MD DC AL NV NH MA CT RI RI MA MA CT VA DC (T) Trucked Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." 843,213 364,521 207,338 156 422,767 749,260 804,152 58,769 162,707 680,368 19,672 773,589 37,363 303,262 40,473 51,159 820,723 811,585 489,338 862,889 1,004,921 795,903 12,230 556,701 125,126 27,298 635,088 536,127 231,431 192,397 1,492,818 1,476,332 675,443 113,314 514,268 85,387 484,093 1,539,775 1,255,625 278,695 286,393 878,367 418,674 1,693,897 2,231,803 8,452 241,202 287,785 1,441,206 98,786 3,776,499 2,987,632 65,753 48,569 1,523,898 1,125,998 516,441 12,021 1,138,120 993,673 772,640

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nicaragua niger nigeria" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Yemen-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Yemen-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Yemen-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Yemen-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Yemen UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea 2.12 Saint Lucia 2.13 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.14 Samoa 2.15 Tajikistan 2.16 Tonga 2.17 Yemen 2.18 Zambia 3 References Overview "The Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR), approved in November

442

Samoa-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Samoa-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Samoa-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Samoa-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Samoa UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea 2.12 Saint Lucia 2.13 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.14 Samoa 2.15 Tajikistan 2.16 Tonga 2.17 Yemen 2.18 Zambia 3 References Overview "The Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR), approved in November

443

Nepal-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nepal-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Nepal-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Nepal-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Nepal UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea 2.12 Saint Lucia 2.13 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.14 Samoa 2.15 Tajikistan 2.16 Tonga 2.17 Yemen 2.18 Zambia 3 References Overview "The Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR), approved in November

444

Tajikistan-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tajikistan-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Tajikistan-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Tajikistan-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Tajikistan UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea 2.12 Saint Lucia 2.13 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.14 Samoa 2.15 Tajikistan 2.16 Tonga 2.17 Yemen 2.18 Zambia 3 References Overview "The Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR), approved in November

445

Bolivia-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bolivia-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Bolivia-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Bolivia-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Bolivia UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea 2.12 Saint Lucia 2.13 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.14 Samoa 2.15 Tajikistan 2.16 Tonga 2.17 Yemen 2.18 Zambia 3 References Overview "The Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR), approved in November

446

Bangladesh-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bangladesh-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Bangladesh-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Bangladesh-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Bangladesh UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea 2.12 Saint Lucia 2.13 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.14 Samoa 2.15 Tajikistan 2.16 Tonga 2.17 Yemen 2.18 Zambia 3 References Overview "The Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR), approved in November

447

Zambia-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Zambia-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Zambia-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Zambia-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Zambia UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea 2.12 Saint Lucia 2.13 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.14 Samoa 2.15 Tajikistan 2.16 Tonga 2.17 Yemen 2.18 Zambia 3 References Overview "The Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR), approved in November

448

Jamaica-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jamaica-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jamaica-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Jamaica-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Jamaica UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea 2.12 Saint Lucia 2.13 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.14 Samoa 2.15 Tajikistan 2.16 Tonga 2.17 Yemen 2.18 Zambia 3 References Overview "The Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR), approved in November

449

Haiti-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Haiti-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Haiti-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Haiti-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Haiti UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea 2.12 Saint Lucia 2.13 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.14 Samoa 2.15 Tajikistan 2.16 Tonga 2.17 Yemen 2.18 Zambia 3 References Overview "The Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR), approved in November

450

Saint Lucia-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Saint Lucia-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Saint Lucia-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Saint Lucia-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Saint Lucia UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea 2.12 Saint Lucia 2.13 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.14 Samoa 2.15 Tajikistan 2.16 Tonga 2.17 Yemen 2.18 Zambia 3 References Overview "The Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR), approved in November

451

Grenada-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Grenada-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Grenada-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Grenada-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Grenada UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea 2.12 Saint Lucia 2.13 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.14 Samoa 2.15 Tajikistan 2.16 Tonga 2.17 Yemen 2.18 Zambia 3 References Overview "The Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR), approved in November

452

Mozambique-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mozambique-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Mozambique-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Mozambique-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Mozambique UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea 2.12 Saint Lucia 2.13 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.14 Samoa 2.15 Tajikistan 2.16 Tonga 2.17 Yemen 2.18 Zambia 3 References Overview "The Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR), approved in November

453

Dominica-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dominica-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Dominica-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Jump to: navigation, search Name Dominica-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis Website http://www.climateinvestmentfu Country Dominica UN Region Southern Asia References Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR)[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Programs by Country 2.1 Bangladesh 2.2 Bolivia 2.3 Cambodia 2.4 Dominica 2.5 Grenada 2.6 Haiti 2.7 Jamaica 2.8 Mozambique 2.9 Nepal 2.10 Niger 2.11 Papua New Guinea 2.12 Saint Lucia 2.13 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2.14 Samoa 2.15 Tajikistan 2.16 Tonga 2.17 Yemen 2.18 Zambia 3 References Overview "The Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR), approved in November

454

Comparison of Simulated and Observed Continental Tropical Anvil Clouds and Their Radiative Heating Profiles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vertically pointing millimeter-wavelength radar observations of anvil clouds extending from mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) that pass over an Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program (ARM) field site in Niamey, Niger, are compared to anvil structures generated by the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) mesoscale model using six different microphysical schemes. The radar data provide the statistical distribution of the radar reflectivity values as a function of height and anvil thickness. These statistics are compared to the statistics of the modeled anvil cloud reflectivity at all altitudes. Requiring the model to be statistically accurate at all altitudes is a stringent test of the model performance. The typical vertical profile of radiative heating in the anvil clouds is computed from the radar observations. Variability of anvil structures from the different microphysical schemes provides an estimate of the inherent uncertainty in anvil radiative heating profiles. All schemes underestimate the optical thickness of thin anvils and cirrus, resulting in a bias of excessive net anvil heating in all of the simulations.

Powell, Scott W.; Houze, R.; Kumar, Anil; McFarlane, Sally A.

2012-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

455

Mercury concentrations in Maine sport fishes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To assess mercury contamination of fish in Maine, fish were collected from 120 randomly selected lakes. The collection goal for each lake was five fish of the single most common sport fish species within the size range commonly harvested by anglers. Skinless, boneless fillets of fish from each lake were composited, homogenized, and analyzed for total mercury. The two most abundant species, brook trout Salvelinus fontinalis and smallmouth bass Micropterus dolomieu, were also analyzed individually. The composite fish analyses indicate high concentrations of mercury, particularly in large and long-lived nonsalmonid species. Chain pickerel Esox niger, smallmouth bass, largemouth bass Micropterus salmoides, and white perch Morone americana had the highest average mercury concentrations, and brook trout and yellow perch Perca flavescens had the lowest. The mean species composite mercury concentration was positively correlated with a factor incorporating the average size and age of the fish. Lakes containing fish with high mercury concentrations were not clustered near known industrial or population centers but were commonest in the area within 150 km of the seacoast, reflecting the geographical distribution of species that contained higher mercury concentrations. Stocked and wild brook trout were not different in length or weight, but wild fish were older and had higher mercury concentrations. Fish populations maintained by frequent introductions of hatchery-produced fish and subject to high angler exploitation rates may consist of younger fish with lower exposure to environmental mercury and thus contain lower concentrations than wild populations.

Stafford, C.P. [Univ. of Maine, Orono, ME (United States); Haines, T.A. [Geological Survey, Orono, ME (United States)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Sequencing the Black Aspergilli species complex  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ~15 members of the Aspergillus section Nigri species complex (the "Black Aspergilli") are significant as platforms for bioenergy and bioindustrial technology, as members of soil microbial communities and players in the global carbon cycle, and as food processing and spoilage agents and agricultural toxigens. Despite their utility and ubiquity, the morphological and metabolic distinctiveness of the complex's members, and thus their taxonomy, is poorly defined. We are using short read pyrosequencing technology (Roche/454 and Illumina/Solexa) to rapidly scale up genomic and transcriptomic analysis of this species complex. To date we predict 11197 genes in Aspergillus niger, 11624 genes in A. carbonarius, and 10845 genes in A. aculeatus. A. aculeatus is our most recent genome, and was assembled primarily from 454-sequenced reads and annotated with the aid of >2 million 454 ESTs and >300 million Solexa ESTs. To most effectively deploy these very large numbers of ESTs we developed 2 novel methods for clustering the ESTs into assemblies. We have also developed a pipeline to propose orthologies and paralogies among genes in the species complex. In the near future we will apply these methods to additional species of Black Aspergilli that are currently in our sequencing pipeline.

Kuo, Alan; Salamov, Asaf; Zhou, Kemin; Otillar, Robert; Baker, Scott; Grigoriev, Igor

2011-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

457

Use of solar generators in Africa for broadcasting equipment. [For powering educational tv receivers  

SciTech Connect

In Africa, solar cells were used for the first time in 1968 to provide power supply for the TV receivers in Niger. In that country, school television programs are essentially devised for the schools located in regions not provided with power mains. The transmissions are received by the means of TV sets that are especially devised to operate under warm and wet weather conditions. These receivers, model CATEL CI 17, are equipped with 61-cm screens, and are completely solid-state. They can be powered by a d.c. power supply, between 30 and 36 V. Their consumption, extremely modest, ranges around 32 W. The power supply for these receivers had, at the beginning, been provided by high-capacity alkaline electrolyte cells. In order to secure a more practical and less expensive source of energy, an experimental solar cell was installed in 1968. Following a satisfactory operation of this experimental solar cell, a careful study was conducted, after which some twenty installations were set up, using silicon cells and lead-acid batteries. A description of the installations is presented; and maintenance, reliability, and cost of the installations are discussed. (WHK)

Polgar, S.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Molecular genetic analysis reveals that a nonribosomal peptide synthetase-like (NRPS-like) gene in Aspergillus nidulans is responsible for microperfuranone biosynthesis  

SciTech Connect

Genome sequencing of Aspergillus species including A. nidulans has revealed that there are far more secondary metabolite biosynthetic gene clusters than secondary metabolites isolated from these organisms. This implies that these organisms can produce additional secondary metabolites have not yet been elucidated. The A. nidulans genome contains twelve nonribosomal peptide synthetase (NRPS), one hybrid polyketide synthase/nonribosomal peptide synthetase (PKS/NRPS), and fourteen NRPS-like genes. The only NRPS-like gene in A. nidulans with a known product is tdiA which is involved in terrequinone A biosynthesis. To attempt to identify the products of these NRPS-like genes, we replaced the native promoters of the NRPS-like genes with the inducible alcohol dehydrogenase (alcA) promoter. Our results demonstrated that induction of the single NRPS-like gene AN3396.4 led to the enhanced production of microperfuranone. Furthermore, heterologous expression of AN3396.4 in A. niger confirmed that only one NRPS-like gene, AN3396.4, is necessary for the production of microperfuranone.

Yeh, Hsu-Hua; Chiang, Yi Ming; Entwistle, Ruth; Ahuja, Mammeet; Lee, Kuan-Han; Bruno, Kenneth S.; Wu, Tung-Kung; Oakley, Berl R.; Wang, Clay C.

2012-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

459

Feasibility of waterflooding Soku E7000 gas-condensate reservoir  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We performed a simple 3D compositional reservoir simulation study to examine the possibility of waterflooding the Soku E7 gas-condensate reservoir. This study shows that water injection results in higher condensate recovery than natural depletion. To achieve this recovery, the reservoir should return to natural depletion after four years of water injection, before water invades the producing wells. Factors that affect the effectiveness of water injection in this reservoir include aquifer strength, reservoir property distribution, timing of the start of injection, and intra-reservoir shale thickness and continuity. Sensitivity analyses used to quantify the effects of these factors on condensate recovery indicate the need to acquire more production, pressure and log data to reduce the present large uncertainty on aquifer strength before proceeding on waterflooding this reservoir. The study also shows that the injection scheme should be implemented as soon as possible to avoid further loss of condensate recovery. The result of this study is applicable to other gas condensate reservoirs in the Niger delta with similar depositional environments.

Ajayi, Arashi

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Generation of transgenic wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) accumulating heterologous endo-xylanase or ferulic acid esterase in the endosperm  

SciTech Connect

Endo-xylanase (from Bacillus subtilis) or ferulic acid esterase (from Aspergillus niger) were expressed in wheat under the control of the endosperm specific 1DX5 glutenin promoter. Constructs both with and without the endoplasmic reticulum retention signal KDEL were used. Transgenic plants were recovered in all four cases but no qualitative differences could be observed whether KDEL was added or not. Endo-xylanase activity in transgenic grains was increased between two and three fold relative to wild type. The grains were shriveled and had a 25-33% decrease in mass. Extensive analysis of the cell walls showed a 10-15% increase in arabinose to xylose ratio, a 50% increase in the proportion of water extractable arabinoxylan, and a shift in the MW of the water extractable arabinoxylan from being mainly larger than 85 kD to being between 2 kD and 85 kD. Ferulic acid esterase expressing grains were also shriveled and the seed weight was decreased by 20-50%. No ferulic acid esterase activity could be detected in wild type grains whereas ferulic acid esterase activity was detected in transgenic lines. The grain cell walls had 15-40% increase in water unextractable arabinoxylan and a decrease in monomeric ferulic acid between 13 and 34%. In all the plants the observed changes are consistent with a plant response that serves to minimize the effect of the heterologously expressed enzymes by increasing arabinoxylan biosynthesis and cross-linking.

Harholt, Jesper; Bach, Inga C; Lind-Bouquin, Solveig; Nunan, Kylie J.; Madrid, Susan M.; Brinch-Pedersen, Henrik; Holm, Preben B.; Scheller, Henrik V.

2009-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nicaragua niger nigeria" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Atmospheric Properties from the 2006 Niamey Deployment and Climate Simulation with a Geodesic Grid Coupled Climate Model Fourth Quarter 2008  

SciTech Connect

In 2008, the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program and the Climate Change Prediction Program (CCPP) have been asked to produce joint science metrics. For CCPP, the metrics will deal with a decade-long control simulation using geodesic grid-coupled climate model. For ARM, the metrics will deal with observations associated with the 2006 deployment of the ARM Mobile Facility (AMF) to Niamey, Niger. Specifically, ARM has been asked to deliver data products for Niamey that describe cloud, aerosol, and dust properties. The first quarter milestone was the initial formulation of the algorithm for retrieval of these properties. The second quarter milestone included the time series of ARM-retrieved cloud properties and a year-long CCPP control simulation. The third quarter milestone included the time series of ARM-retrieved aerosol optical depth and a three-year CCPP control simulation. This final fourth quarter milestone includes the time-series of aerosol and dust properties and a decade-long CCPP control simulation.

JH Mather; DA Randall; CJ Flynn

2008-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

462

Identifying and characterizing the most significant ?-glucosidase of the novel species Aspergillus saccharolyticus  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A newly discovered fungal species, Aspergillus saccharolyticus, was found to produce a culture broth rich in beta-glucosidase activity. In this present work, the main beta-glucosidase of A. saccharolyticus responsible for the efficient hydrolytic activity was identified, isolated, and characterized. Ion exchange chromatography was used to fractionate the culture broth, yielding fractions with high beta-glucosidase activity and only one visible band on an SDS-PAGE gel. Mass spectrometry analysis of this band gave peptide matches to beta-glucosidases from aspergilli. Through a PCR approach using degenerate primers and genome walking, a 2919 base pair sequence encoding the 860 amino acid BGL1 polypeptide was determined. BGL1 of A. saccharolyticus has 91% and 82% identity with BGL1 from Aspergillus aculeatus and BGL1 from Aspergillus niger, respectively, both belonging to Glycoside hydrolase family 3. Homology modeling studies suggested beta-glucosidase activity with preserved retaining mechanism and a wider catalytic pocket compared to other beta-glucosidases. The bgl1 gene was heterologously expressed in Trichoderma reesei QM6a, purified, and characterized by enzyme kinetics studies. The enzyme can hydrolyze cellobiose, pNPG, and cellodextrins. The enzyme showed good thermostability, was stable at 50°C, and at 60°C it had a half-life of approximately 6 hours.

Sorensen, Anette; Ahring, Birgitte K.; Lubeck, Mette; Ubhayasekera, Wimal; Bruno, Kenneth S.; Culley, David E.; Lubeck, Peter S.

2012-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

463

U.S. Price of Liquefied Natural Gas Imports by Point of Entry  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History U.S. Total 4.90 4.51 8.65 4.59 7.42 9.96 1997-2013 From Canada -- -- -- 13.37 13.54 10.52 2013-2013 Highgate Springs, VT 13.37 13.54 10.52 2013-2013 From Algeria -- -- -- -- -- -- 1989-2013 From Australia -- -- -- -- -- -- 1997-2013 From Brunei -- -- -- -- -- -- 2001-2013 From Egypt -- -- -- -- -- -- 2003-2013 Cameron, LA 2011-2011 Elba Island, GA 2011-2012 Freeport, TX 2011-2011 Gulf LNG, MS 2011-2011 From Equatorial Guinea -- -- -- -- -- -- 2007-2013 From Indonesia -- -- -- -- -- -- 1997-2013 From Malaysia -- -- -- -- -- -- 1999-2013 From Nigeria -- -- -- -- -- 15.74 1994-2013 Cove Point, MD 15.74 2011-2013 From Norway -- -- -- -- 14.85 14.85 2007-2013

464

Weekly Preliminary Crude Imports by Top 10 Countries of Origin (based on  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Preliminary Crude Imports by Top 10 Countries of Origin (based on 2012 Petroleum Supply Monthly data) Preliminary Crude Imports by Top 10 Countries of Origin (based on 2012 Petroleum Supply Monthly data) (Thousand Barrels per Day) Period: Weekly 4-Week Average Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Country 12/06/13 12/13/13 12/20/13 12/27/13 01/03/14 01/10/14 View History 1- Canada 2,316 2,786 2,594 2,515 2,838 2,460 2010-2014 2- Saudi Arabia 1,295 1,905 1,614 1,328 1,242 1,521 2010-2014 3- Mexico 1,161 947 1,019 1,082 867 555 2010-2014 4- Venezuela 783 779 518 1,008 709 730 2010-2014 5- Iraq 120 143 332 370 626 202 2010-2014 6- Nigeria 136 0 0 36 98 146 2010-2014 7- Colombia 114 127 288 320 257 360 2010-2014 8- Kuwait 127 237 85 438 584 263 2010-2014

465

U.S. LNG Imports from Canada  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Galvan Ranch, TX LNG Imports from Algeria LNG Imports from Australia LNG Imports from Brunei LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea LNG Imports from Indonesia LNG Imports from Malaysia LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD LNG Imports from Norway Cove Point, MD Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Oman LNG Imports from Peru Cameron, LA Freeport, TX LNG Imports from Qatar Elba Island, GA Golden Pass, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other Countries Period: Monthly Annual

466

U.S. LNG Imports from Norway  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Galvan Ranch, TX LNG Imports from Algeria LNG Imports from Australia LNG Imports from Brunei LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea LNG Imports from Indonesia LNG Imports from Malaysia LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD LNG Imports from Norway Cove Point, MD Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Oman LNG Imports from Peru Cameron, LA Freeport, TX LNG Imports from Qatar Elba Island, GA Golden Pass, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other Countries Period: Monthly Annual

467

Microsoft Word - figure_02.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Egypt Figure 2. Natural Gas Supply and Disposition in the United States, 20088 (Trillion Cubic Feet) Extraction Loss Gross Withdrawals From Gas and Oil Wells Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented/Flared Reservoir Repressuring Production Dry Gas Imports Canada Trinidad/Tobago Nigeria Natural Gas Storage Facilities Exports Japan Canada Mexico Additions Withdrawals Gas Industry Use Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power 25.8 0.7 0.2 3.6 3.589 0.267 0.012 0.365 0.590 0.050 20.3 1.0 3.4 3.4 1.9 3.1 6.7 0.03 6.7 0.055 Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition"; Form EIA-895, "Annual Quantity and Value of Natural Gas Production Report"; Form EIA-914, "Monthly Natural Gas Production Report"; Form EIA-857, "Monthly Report of Natural Gas Purchases and Deliveries to

468

U.S. LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Galvan Ranch, TX LNG Imports from Algeria LNG Imports from Australia LNG Imports from Brunei LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea LNG Imports from Indonesia LNG Imports from Malaysia LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD LNG Imports from Norway Cove Point, MD Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Oman LNG Imports from Peru Cameron, LA Freeport, TX LNG Imports from Qatar Elba Island, GA Golden Pass, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other Countries Period: Monthly Annual

469

Microsoft Word - NGAMaster_State_TablesNov12.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

WA WA MT ID OR WY ND SD CA NV UT CO NE KS AZ NM OK TX MN WI MI IA IL IN OH MO AR MS AL GA TN KY FL SC NC WV MD DE VA PA NJ NY CT RI MA VT NH ME LA HI AK Japan Mexico Mexico Algeria Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada Algeria Mexico Trinidad Canada Canada Nigeria Oman Qatar Trinidad Gulf of Mexico Gulf of Mexico Gulf of Mexico Canada Trinidad Trinidad Gulf of Mexico Malaysia 13,623 Figure 8. Interstate Movements of Natural Gas in the United States, 2003 (Million Cubic Feet) Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Annual 2003 Supplemental Data From Volume To From Volume To CT RI RI MA MA CT VA DC MD DC 366,224 655,731 666,614 633,960 144,284 43,869 536,776 63,133 36,848

470

Microsoft Word - figure_02.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 4 Egypt Algeria Figure 2. Natural Gas Supply and Disposition in the United States, 2006 (Trillion Cubic Feet) Extraction Loss Gross Withdrawals From Gas and Oil Wells Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented/Flared Reservoir Repressuring Production Dry Gas Imports Canada Trinidad/Tobago Nigeria Natural Gas Storage Facilities Exports Japan Canada Mexico Additions Withdrawals Gas Industry Use Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power 23.5 0.7 0.1 3.3 3.590 0.389 0.017 0.057 0.322 0.341 0.061 18.5 0.9 3.0 2.5 1.7 4.4 2.8 6.5 0.02 6.2 0.120 Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition"; Form EIA-895A, "Annual Quantity and Value of Natural Gas Production Report"; Form EIA-857, "Monthly Report of Natural Gas Purchases and Deliveries to Consumers"; Form EIA-816, "Monthly Natural Gas Liquids

471

U.S. LNG Imports from Australia  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Galvan Ranch, TX LNG Imports from Algeria LNG Imports from Australia LNG Imports from Brunei LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea LNG Imports from Indonesia LNG Imports from Malaysia LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD LNG Imports from Norway Cove Point, MD Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Oman LNG Imports from Peru Cameron, LA Freeport, TX LNG Imports from Qatar Elba Island, GA Golden Pass, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other Countries Period: Monthly Annual

472

U.S. LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Galvan Ranch, TX LNG Imports from Algeria LNG Imports from Australia LNG Imports from Brunei LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea LNG Imports from Indonesia LNG Imports from Malaysia LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD LNG Imports from Norway Cove Point, MD Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Oman LNG Imports from Peru Cameron, LA Freeport, TX LNG Imports from Qatar Elba Island, GA Golden Pass, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other Countries Period: Monthly Annual

473

Microsoft Word - table_08.doc  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 5 Table 8. Summary of U.S. natural gas imports, 2008-2012 Imports Volume (million cubic feet) Pipeline Canada a 3,589,089 3,271,107 3,279,752 3,117,081 2,962,827 Mexico 43,314 28,296 29,995 2,672 314 Total Pipeline Imports 3,632,403 3,299,402 3,309,747 3,119,753 2,963,140 LNG by Vessel Egypt 54,839 160,435 72,990 35,120 2,811 Nigeria 12,049 13,306 41,733 2,362 0 Norway 14,882 29,327 26,014 15,175 6,212 Peru 0 0 16,045 16,620 0 Qatar 3,108 12,687 45,583 90,972 33,823 Trinidad/Tobago 266,821 236,202 189,748 128,620 112,207 Yemen 0 0 38,897 60,071 19,595 Total LNG Imports 351,698 451,957 431,010 348,939 174,649 Total Imports 3,984,101 3,751,360

474

untitled  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

F.O.B. F.O.B. a Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country (Dollars per Barrel) Year Month Selected Countries Persian Gulf b Total OPEC c Non OPEC Angola Colombia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela 1983 ............................. 28.14 - 25.20 29.81 27.53 29.91 21.48 27.70 28.46 27.20 1984 ............................. 27.46 - 26.39 29.51 27.67 28.87 24.23 27.48 27.79 27.45 1985 ............................. 26.30 - 25.33 28.04 22.04 27.64 23.64 23.31 25.67 25.96 1986 ............................. 13.30 12.34 11.84 14.35 11.36 13.84 10.92 11.35 12.21 12.87 1987 ............................. 17.27 17.84 16.36 18.47 15.12 18.28 15.08 15.97 16.43 16.99 1988 ............................. 13.70 13.61 12.18 15.16 12.16 14.80 12.96 12.38 13.43 13.05 1989 ............................. 17.66 17.89

475

West Coast (PADD 5) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View History All Countries 40,216 40,703 46,595 47,285 42,741 43,793 1981-2013 Persian Gulf 14,230 13,361 14,442 14,250 16,435 14,465 1993-2013 OPEC* 22,029 19,569 22,946 25,238 25,775 23,528 1993-2013 Algeria 344 744 1,559 1995-2013 Angola 1,885 1,648 3,742 2,790 2,098 2,497 1995-2013 Ecuador 4,439 4,264 3,739 8,092 5,312 6,177 1993-2013 Iraq 2,870 2,210 5,918 5,585 4,514 4,960 1995-2013 Kuwait 1,297 686 314 1,034 295 1995-2013 Libya 149 106 12 382 2005-2013 Nigeria 296 293 7 1995-2013 Qatar 1995-2004 Saudi Arabia 10,063 10,465 8,210 8,665 10,887 9,210 1993-2013 United Arab Emirates 1995-2011 Venezuela 982 279 66 1993-2013 Non OPEC*

476

Imported LNG (liquid natural gas) as an alternative fuel  

SciTech Connect

Imports of liquefied natural gas (LNG) first arrived in the United States in 1972 at the rate of one billion cubic feet (Bcf) per year. By 1979, they had reached 252 Bcf/year. However, as US as demand declined and domestic deliverability grew, inflexible LNG prices led to the complete collapse of trade during the 1980s. In 1987, all four US import terminals were idle and no LNG was imported. The situation bean to change with renegotiation of Distrigas' contract to import LNG from Algeria's Sonatrach. In 1988, the company imported 19 Bcf of gas to its Everett, Massachusetts terminal, with greater volumes in 1989. Panhandle Eastern has also renegotiated its Algerian supply contract and reactivated the company's Trunkline LNG terminal at Lake Charles, Louisiana. It received its first cargo in December 1989. Moves are also being made to bring the other two US import terminals, at Cove Point, Maryland and Elba Island, Georgia, back into service. On the supply side too, there are major new developments. Not only is Algeria seeking to expand its existing exports, but new LNG projects in Nigeria, Norway and Venezuela in particular are aimed at the US market. The purpose of this report is to describe the current status and potential development of LNG imports to the US with a view to identifying those circumstances in which an electric utility might consider LNG as an alternate back-up fuel to distillate or residual oil, in gas-fired generating facilities. 9 figs., 10 tabs.

Kelly, M. (Jensen Associates, Inc., Boston, MA (USA))

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports by Point of Entry  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5,171 5,626 8,046 8,111 8,809 16,950 1997-2013 5,171 5,626 8,046 8,111 8,809 16,950 1997-2013 From Canada 0 0 0 88 139 139 2013-2013 Highgate Springs, VT 88 139 139 2013-2013 From Algeria 0 0 0 0 0 0 1973-2013 From Australia 0 0 0 0 0 0 1973-2013 From Brunei 0 0 0 0 0 0 2001-2013 From Egypt 0 0 0 0 0 0 2005-2013 Cameron, LA 2011-2011 Elba Island, GA 2011-2012 Freeport, TX 2011-2011 Gulf LNG, MS 2011-2011 From Equatorial Guinea 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2013 From Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 1997-2013 From Malaysia 0 0 0 0 0 0 1999-2013 From Nigeria 0 0 0 0 0 2,590 1997-2013 Cove Point, MD 2,590 2011-2013 From Norway 0 0 0 0 2,709 2,918 2007-2013 Cove Point, MD 2011-2011 Freeport, TX 2,709 2,918 2013-2013 Sabine Pass, LA 2011-2012 From Oman 0 0 0 0 0 0 2000-2013 From Peru

478

East Coast (PADD 1) Imports from All Countries  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Import Area: East Coast (PADD 1) Midwest (PADD 2) Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) West Coast (PADD 5) Period/Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day Import Area: East Coast (PADD 1) Midwest (PADD 2) Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) West Coast (PADD 5) Period/Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day Country: All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Argentina Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Cameroon Canada Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Denmark Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Estonia Finland France Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibralter Greece Guatemala Guinea Hong Kong Hungary India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liberia Lithuania Malaysia Malta Mauritania Mexico Morocco Namibia Netherlands Netherlands Antilles Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia Senegal Singapore South Africa Spain Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Thailand Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Vietnam Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen

479

PowerPoint Presentation  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

LNG LNG World LNG Imports 1964 - 2007 World LNG Imports 1964 - 2007 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 1964 1968 1972 1976 1980 1984 1988 1992 1996 2000 2004 Americas Total Europe Total Asia in mtpa 7.7%pa 2 LNG 0 4 8 12 16 1 9 6 8 1 9 7 3 1 9 7 8 1 9 8 3 1 9 8 8 1 9 9 3 1 9 9 8 2 0 0 3 Algeria Trinidad Egypt Nigeria Eq. Guinea M. East Pacific Basin in mtpa US LNG Imports by Source 1968-2007 US LNG Imports by Source 1968-2007 3 LNG Regional LNG Production 1990 - 2007 Regional LNG Production 1990 - 2007 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 in mtpa Pacific Basin Middle East Atlantic Basin 4 LNG The Importance of the Middle East - Incremental Liquefaction Capacity 2008- 2012 The Importance of the Middle East - Incremental Liquefaction Capacity 2008- 2012 0 25 50 75 100 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Rest of the World Qatar Yemen in mtpa 5 LNG Regas

480

Microsoft Word - figure_13.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 (Million Cubic Feet) 24,891 2,895 Nigeria WA M T I D OR W Y ND SD C A N V UT CO NE KS AZ NM OK TX MN WI MI IA I L IN OH MO AR MS AL GA TN KY FL SC NC WV MD DE VA PA NJ NY CT RI MA VT NH ME LA HI AK Mexico Algeria C a n a d a C a n a d a Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada Algeria Canada Canada N i g e r i a O m a n Qatar Gulf of Mexico Gulf o f M e x i c o Gulf of Mexico Canada Gulf of Mexico Malaysia 2,986 Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition," and the Office of Fossil Energy, Natural Gas Imports and Exports. Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Annual 2005 Supplemental Data From Volume To From Volume To CT RI RI MA MA CT VA DC MD DC 335,380 634,982 664,318 612,297 125,202 33,223 531,868 103,624

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481

F.O.B. Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Area  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Area Area (Dollars per Barrel) Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Average 95.56 96.20 96.22 101.37 102.04 101.99 1973-2013 Persian Gulf 100.50 98.46 97.42 101.21 104.10 103.15 1996-2013 Total OPEC 98.68 98.72 98.45 102.36 103.70 104.01 1973-2013 Non OPEC 93.04 94.06 94.58 100.56 100.69 100.54 1973-2013 Selected Countries Angola W 103.46 103.67 W W 113.86 1996-2013 Colombia 99.58 98.97 98.56 102.20 105.59 103.16 1996-2013 Mexico 99.95 99.21 97.16 101.27 100.97 100.60 1975-2013 Nigeria W 106.45 W W 111.28 W 1973-2013 Saudi Arabia W W W W W 103.45 1973-2013

482

Word Pro - S9.lwp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly Energy Review November 2013 Monthly Energy Review November 2013 Table 9.2 F.O.B. Costs of Crude Oil Imports From Selected Countries (Dollars a per Barrel) Selected Countries Persian Gulf Nations b Total OPEC c Total Non-OPEC c Angola Colombia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela 1973 Average d ................. W W - 7.81 3.25 - 5.39 3.68 5.43 4.80 1975 Average .................. 10.97 - 11.44 11.82 10.87 - 11.04 10.88 11.34 10.62 1980 Average .................. 33.45 W 31.06 35.93 28.17 34.36 24.81 28.92 32.21 32.85 1985 Average .................. 26.30 - 25.33 28.04 22.04 27.64 23.64 23.31 25.67 25.96 1990 Average .................. 20.23 20.75 19.26 22.46 20.36 23.43 19.55 18.54 20.40 20.32 1995 Average .................. 16.58 16.73 15.64 17.40 W 16.94 13.86 W 15.36 16.02 2000 Average .................. 27.90 29.04 25.39 28.70

483

Net Imports of Total Crude Oil and Products into the U.S. by Country  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Total All Countries 12,036 11,114 9,667 9,441 8,450 7,393 1973-2012 Persian Gulf 2,159 2,368 1,678 1,705 1,842 2,149 1993-2012 OPEC* 5,946 5,899 4,675 4,787 4,429 4,093 1993-2012 Algeria 663 548 490 510 355 241 1993-2012 Angola 508 513 458 393 346 233 1993-2012 Ecuador 182 202 138 135 147 117 1993-2012 Iran 1993-1995 Iraq 484 627 450 415 459 476 1996-2012 Kuwait 181 210 182 197 191 305 1993-2012 Libya 117 103 79 70 15 60 2004-2012 Nigeria 1,133 982 798 1,006 803 419 1995-2012 Qatar 2 0 10 0 4 4 1993-2012 Saudi Arabia 1,483 1,529 1,003 1,096 1,193 1,364 1993-2012 United Arab Emirates 9 3 31 -2 -4 -1 1993-2012 Venezuela 1,339 1,162 1,037 968 919 875 1993-2012

484

Word Pro - S9.lwp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 1 Table 9.3 Landed Costs of Crude Oil Imports From Selected Countries (Dollars a per Barrel) Selected Countries Persian Gulf Nations b Total OPEC c Total Non-OPEC c Angola Canada Colombia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela 1973 Average d ............... W 5.33 W - 9.08 5.37 - 5.99 5.91 6.85 5.64 1975 Average ................ 11.81 12.84 - 12.61 12.70 12.50 - 12.36 12.64 12.70 12.70 1980 Average ................ 34.76 30.11 W 31.77 37.15 29.80 35.68 25.92 30.59 33.56 33.99 1985 Average ................ 27.39 25.71 - 25.63 28.96 24.72 28.36 24.43 25.50 26.86 26.53 1990 Average ................ 21.51 20.48 22.34 19.64 23.33 21.82 22.65 20.31 20.55 21.23 20.98 1995 Average ................ 17.66 16.65 17.45 16.19 18.25 16.84 17.91 14.81 16.78 16.61 16.95 2000 Average ................ 29.57 26.69 29.68 26.03 30.04

485

pmm.vp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7 7 U.S. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Monthly December 2013 Table 22. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country (Dollars per Barrel) Year Month Selected Countries Persian Gulf a Total OPEC b Non OPEC Angola Canada Colombia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela 1985 .............................. 27.39 25.71 - 25.63 28.96 24.72 28.36 24.43 25.50 26.86 26.53 1986 .............................. 14.09 13.43 12.85 12.17 15.29 12.84 14.63 11.52 12.92 13.46 13.52 1987 .............................. 18.20 17.04 18.43 16.69 19.32 16.81 18.78 15.76 17.47 17.64 17.66 1988 .............................. 14.48 13.50 14.47 12.58 15.88 13.37 15.82 13.66 13.51 14.18 13.96 1989 .............................. 18.36 16.81 18.10 16.35 19.19 17.34 18.74 16.78 17.37 17.78 17.54 1990 ..............................

486

November 2013  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9 9 Created on: 12/12/2013 1:59:04 PM Table 4. U.S. natural gas imports, 2011-2013 (volumes in million cubic feet; prices in dollars per thousand cubic feet) 2013 2013 9-Month YTD 2012 9-Month YTD 2011 9-Month YTD September August July June May Imports Volume (million cubic feet) Pipeline Canada a 2,085,721 2,265,023 2,361,050 227,895 R 227,273 R 227,905 R 228,616 R 228,544 Mexico 614 244 1,480 148 164 182 28 14 Total Pipeline Imports 2,086,335 2,265,267 2,362,530 228,043 R 227,437 R 228,087 R 228,644 R 228,558 LNG By Truck Canada 367 0 0 139 139 88 0 0 By Vessel Egypt 0 2,811 29,194 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria 2,590 0 2,362 2,590 0 0 0 0 Norway 5,627 3,286

487

Word Pro - S11.lwp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review November 2013 Table 11.1a World Crude Oil Production: OPEC Members (Thousand Barrels per Day) Algeria Angola Ecuador Iran Iraq Kuwait a Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia a United Arab Emirates Vene- zuela Total OPEC b 1973 Average .................... 1,097 162 209 5,861 2,018 3,020 2,175 2,054 570 7,596 1,533 3,366 29,661 1975 Average .................... 983 165 161 5,350 2,262 2,084 1,480 1,783 438 7,075 1,664 2,346 25,790 1980 Average .................... 1,106 150 204 1,662 2,514 1,656 1,787 2,055 472 9,900 1,709 2,168 25,383 1985 Average .................... 1,036 231 281 2,250 1,433 1,023 1,059 1,495 301 3,388 1,193 1,677 15,367 1990 Average .................... 1,180 475 285 3,088 2,040 1,175 1,375 1,810 406 6,410 2,117 2,137 22,498 1995 Average

488

Word Pro - Untitled1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 3 Table 5.7 Petroleum Net Imports by Country of Origin, Selected Years, 1960-2011 Year Persian Gulf 2 Selected OPEC 1 Countries Selected Non-OPEC 1 Countries Total Net Imports Total Net Imports as Share of Consumption 5 Net Imports From OPEC 1 Algeria Nigeria Saudi Arabia 3 Venezuela Total OPEC 4 Canada Mexico United Kingdom U.S. Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico Total Non-OPEC 4 Share of Total Net Imports 6 Share of Consumption 7 Thousand Barrels per Day Percent 1960 NA 8 ( ) 9 ( ) 84 910 1,232 86 -2 -12 34 381 1,613 16.5 76.4 12.6 1965 NA 8 ( ) 9 ( ) 158 994 1,438 297 21 -11 45 843 2,281 19.8 63.0 12.5 1970 NA 8 9 ( ) 30 989 1,294 736 9 -1 270 1,867 3,161 21.5 40.9 8.8 1971 NA 15 102 128 1,019 1,671 831 -14 1 365 2,030 3,701 24.3 45.1 11.0 1972 NA 92 251 189 959 2,044 1,082 -20 -1 428 2,475 4,519 27.6 45.2 12.5 1973 NA 136 459 485 1,134 2,991 1,294 -28 6 426

489

U.S. LNG Imports from Other Countries  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Galvan Ranch, TX LNG Imports from Algeria LNG Imports from Australia LNG Imports from Brunei LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea LNG Imports from Indonesia LNG Imports from Malaysia LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD LNG Imports from Norway Cove Point, MD Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Oman LNG Imports from Peru Cameron, LA Freeport, TX LNG Imports from Qatar Elba Island, GA Golden Pass, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other Countries Period: Monthly Annual

490

Microsoft Word - figure_02.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Egypt Figure 2. Natural Gas Supply and Disposition in the United States, 2010 (Trillion Cubic Feet) Extraction Loss Gross Withdrawals From Gas and Oil Wells Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented/Flared Reservoir Repressuring Production Dry Gas Imports Canada Trinidad/Tobago Nigeria Natural Gas Storage Facilities Exports Japan Canada Mexico Additions Withdrawals Gas Industry Use Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power 26.8 0.8 0.2 3.4 3.280 0.190 0.042 0.333 0.739 0.033 21.3 1.1 3.3 3.3 2.0 3.1 6.5 0.03 7.4 0.073 Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition"; Form EIA-895, "Annual Quantity and Value of Natural Gas Production Report"; Form EIA-914, "Monthly Natural Gas Production Report"; Form EIA-857, "Monthly Report of Natural Gas Purchases and Deliveries to

491

U.S. LNG Imports from Egypt  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Galvan Ranch, TX LNG Imports from Algeria LNG Imports from Australia LNG Imports from Brunei LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea LNG Imports from Indonesia LNG Imports from Malaysia LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD LNG Imports from Norway Cove Point, MD Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Oman LNG Imports from Peru Cameron, LA Freeport, TX LNG Imports from Qatar Elba Island, GA Golden Pass, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other Countries Period: Monthly Annual

492

U.S. LNG Imports from Malaysia  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Galvan Ranch, TX LNG Imports from Algeria LNG Imports from Australia LNG Imports from Brunei LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea LNG Imports from Indonesia LNG Imports from Malaysia LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD LNG Imports from Norway Cove Point, MD Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Oman LNG Imports from Peru Cameron, LA Freeport, TX LNG Imports from Qatar Elba Island, GA Golden Pass, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other Countries Period: Monthly Annual

493

U.S. LNG Imports from Peru  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Galvan Ranch, TX LNG Imports from Algeria LNG Imports from Australia LNG Imports from Brunei LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea LNG Imports from Indonesia LNG Imports from Malaysia LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD LNG Imports from Norway Cove Point, MD Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Oman LNG Imports from Peru Cameron, LA Freeport, TX LNG Imports from Qatar Elba Island, GA Golden Pass, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other Countries Period: Monthly Annual

494

U.S. LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Galvan Ranch, TX LNG Imports from Algeria LNG Imports from Australia LNG Imports from Brunei LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea LNG Imports from Indonesia LNG Imports from Malaysia LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD LNG Imports from Norway Cove Point, MD Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Oman LNG Imports from Peru Cameron, LA Freeport, TX LNG Imports from Qatar Elba Island, GA Golden Pass, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other Countries Period: Monthly Annual

495

Q:\ANNUAL00\VENTCHAP.V8\TRANF0~2.VP  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Indonesia Indonesia Nigeria Oman Qatar Trinidad United Arab Emirates Interstate Movements of Natural Gas in the United States, 2000 (Million Cubic Feet) Supplemental Data From Volume To From Volume To (T) AL TX NH MA CT RI MD DC VA DC RI MA MA CT (T) Trucked Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." 841,619 347,992 209,242 169 304,962 798,420 831,256 830,351 45,837 151 653,150 10,768 816,481 35,152 282,834 40,043 256,202 49,761 863,254 843,913 62,609 928,332 633,593 877,598 12,222 601,033 103,335 26,784 726,455 602,691 223,085 218,730 176 1,156,241 1,164,528 791,060 110,787 288,024 75,416 540,836 1,262,272 1,040,767 388,953 353,271 942,313 508,796 1,583,326 2,270,005 9,099 248,708 346,694 1,426,223 71,667 3,595,975 2,912,792 65,610 28,111 1,640,769 949,947 520,856 3,141 1,184,473

496

U.S. LNG Imports from Algeria  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Noyes, MN Warroad, MN Babb, MT Port of Del Bonita, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sweetgrass, MT Whitlash, MT Portal, ND Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Champlain, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Highgate Springs, VT U.S. Pipeline Total from Mexico Ogilby, CA Otay Mesa, CA Galvan Ranch, TX LNG Imports from Algeria LNG Imports from Australia LNG Imports from Brunei LNG Imports from Canada Highgate Springs, VT LNG Imports from Egypt Cameron, LA Elba Island, GA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea LNG Imports from Indonesia LNG Imports from Malaysia LNG Imports from Nigeria Cove Point, MD LNG Imports from Norway Cove Point, MD Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Oman LNG Imports from Peru Cameron, LA Freeport, TX LNG Imports from Qatar Elba Island, GA Golden Pass, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Trinidad/Tobago Cameron, LA Cove Point, MD Elba Island, GA Everett, MA Freeport, TX Gulf LNG, MS Lake Charles, LA Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from United Arab Emirates LNG Imports from Yemen Everett, MA Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Imports from Other Countries Period: Monthly Annual

497

TABLE21.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Imports Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the United States by Country of Origin, a January 1998 Arab OPEC .................................. 53,500 1,139 2,258 115 625 0 0 1,267 0 0 Algeria ...................................... 0 1,139 1,174 115 0 0 0 824 0 0 Iraq ........................................... 1,110 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait ....................................... 7,822 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Saudi Arabia ............................. 44,568 0 1,084 0 625 0 0 443 0 0 Other OPEC ................................. 61,280 0 2,295 588 1,644 776 715 2,121 3 0 Indonesia .................................. 1,020 0 0 0 0 0 0 97 0 0 Nigeria ...................................... 19,360 0 0 0 0 0 0 166 0 0 Venezuela ................................. 40,900 0 2,295 588 1,644 776 715 1,858 3 0 Non OPEC ................................... 143,726 5,054 4,682 3,253 5,745 1,867

498

Microsoft Word - figure_02.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Egypt Figure 2. Natural Gas Supply and Disposition in the United States, 2009 (Trillion Cubic Feet) Extraction Loss Gross Withdrawals From Gas and Oil Wells Nonhydrocarbon Gases Removed Vented/Flared Reservoir Repressuring Production Dry Gas Imports Canada Trinidad/Tobago Nigeria Natural Gas Storage Facilities Exports Japan Canada Mexico Additions Withdrawals Gas Industry Use Residential Commercial Industrial Vehicle Fuel Electric Power 26.0 0.7 0.2 3.5 3.271 0.236 0.013 0.338 0.701 0.031 20.6 1.0 3.4 3.0 1.9 3.1 6.2 0.03 6.9 0.160 Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition"; Form EIA-895, "Annual Quantity and Value of Natural Gas Production Report"; Form EIA-914, "Monthly Natural Gas Production Report"; Form EIA-857, "Monthly Report of Natural Gas Purchases and Deliveries to

499

Word Pro - S4.lwp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0 0 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review November 2013 Table 4.2 Natural Gas Trade by Country (Billion Cubic Feet) Imports Exports Algeria a Canada b Egypt a Mexico b Nigeria a Qatar a Trinidad and Tobago a Other a,c Total Canada b Japan a Mexico b Other a,d Total 1950 Total .................... 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 23 0 26 1955 Total .................... 0 11 0 (s) 0 0 0 0 11 11 0 20 0 31 1960 Total .................... 0 109 0 47 0 0 0 0 156 6 0 6 0 11 1965 Total .................... 0 405 0 52 0 0 0 0 456 18 0 8 0 26 1970 Total .................... 1 779 0 (s) 0 0 0 0 821 11 44 15 0 70 1975 Total .................... 5 948 0 0 0 0 0 0 953 10 53 9 0 73 1980 Total .................... 86 797 0 102 0 0 0 0 985 (s) 45 4 0 49 1985 Total .................... 24 926 0 0 0 0 0 0 950 (s) 53 2 0 55 1990 Total .................... 84 1,448 0 0 0 0 0

500

U.S. Natural Gas Imports by Country  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View History Import Volumes Total 234,183 236,690 236,199 236,248 244,966 208,895 1973-2013 Pipeline 228,558 228,644 228,087 227,439 228,016 203,337 1997-2013 Canada 228,544 228,616 227,905 227,274 227,868 203,173 1973-2013 Mexico 14 28 182 164 148 164 1973-2013 LNG 5,626 8,046 8,111 8,809 16,950 5,559 1997-2013 Algeria 0 0 0 0 0 0 1973-2013 Australia 0 0 0 0 0 0 1973-2013 Brunei 0 0 0 0 0 0 2001-2013 Canada 0 0 88 139 139 79 2013-2013 Egypt 0 0 0 0 0 0 2005-2013 Equatorial Guinea 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2013 Indonesia 0 0 0 0 0 0 1997-2013 Malaysia 0 0 0 0 0 0 1999-2013 Nigeria 0 0 0 0 2,590 0 1997-2013 Norway 0 0 0 2,709 2,918 0 2007-2013 Oman