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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nh nm nc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Tiu Ch Chn La D n Khi Phc Sm Vo ngy 21 thng 4 nm 2011, cc y Vin nh Gi Tn Hi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

con ngi bng cách khôi phc, phc hi môi trng sng, thay th, hoc thu gom mt lng tng ng vi ngun tài nguyên thiên nhiên có cht lng, giá tr sinh thái hoc dân dng tng ng n bù các tài nguyên và dch v b tn hi t s c, nhng vn c chp nhn và hu ích giúp sàng lc mt s lng ln các d án có tim nng. Không mt yu t nào c s dng nh

2

Kh trng khn cp nc ung Trong nhng thi k ri ren, cc s y t a phng c th khuyn co ngi dn dng nc thn  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

nc cho gia ình bn, bn vn có th tìm c s lng gii hn dùng bng cách ly nc ra t bình nc nóng, hay là tan nc ni ó. Thuc kh trùng ít hiu nghim nu nc c. Cn phi lc nc c qua nhng khn sch hoc yên cho lng xung, và không b r sét. Có hai phng pháp kh trùng thông dng và hiu qu nu lng nc ít. Phng pháp th nht là Ðun

3

CT NC0  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

x-L* d! x-L* d! CT NC0 - i , ,. i, .' i :.:(e.!' ,A\~, L.,t, - (iI :i' , . y- 2 .L i ._ 1 c\ :- i;! Ii $ 4. Ci:lc:i.nnati. 39, t>:::i.f> (J&l3 q-1 -3 sui3 Jrn T3 FRCM .I iirz 1 ?j ~ 1.3 bL1 T:' IP !REFOI?T TC 5YC?CZCiC~ :EWllIFl;j",tsSS L' I"JIsIc:;. .:;xli3;. iCAN !fA(=;-fL,yg-j L' sc,, E. $.iCLX:i?, -iIJ,x:q()Is. ON hL4X 24 - 25 ) 1.9tic ;i. A. Quiglel;, A.3, 3, M. ChenauEt gpxrIvB OF TP.~ The purpose of t3is trip was tc observe a proposed method for the dchy- dratim of green salt md to determine that all health and safety measures were being xrried out, SurveiU.ance of this nature provided protection against excessi3z personnel exposure, insured compliance with ICC shipping regulaticns, tion of the equ'~ and determined when adequate decontamira-

4

NC-JRA-007_LASER  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Added to Reduce Risk: *Risk: 0 to 20 21 to 40 41-60 61 to 80 81 or greater Negligible Acceptable Moderate Substantial Intolerable NC Job Risk Assessment Bnlnt2cfn docs...

5

Category:Wilmington, NC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NC NC Jump to: navigation, search Go Back to PV Economics By Location Media in category "Wilmington, NC" The following 16 files are in this category, out of 16 total. SVFullServiceRestaurant Wilmington NC Duke Energy Carolinas LLC.png SVFullServiceRestauran... 69 KB SVQuickServiceRestaurant Wilmington NC Duke Energy Carolinas LLC.png SVQuickServiceRestaura... 68 KB SVHospital Wilmington NC Duke Energy Carolinas LLC.png SVHospital Wilmington ... 67 KB SVLargeHotel Wilmington NC Duke Energy Carolinas LLC.png SVLargeHotel Wilmingto... 65 KB SVLargeOffice Wilmington NC Duke Energy Carolinas LLC.png SVLargeOffice Wilmingt... 68 KB SVMediumOffice Wilmington NC Duke Energy Carolinas LLC.png SVMediumOffice Wilming... 68 KB SVMidriseApartment Wilmington NC Duke Energy Carolinas LLC.png

6

Category:Greensboro, NC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NC NC Jump to: navigation, search Go Back to PV Economics By Location Media in category "Greensboro, NC" The following 16 files are in this category, out of 16 total. SVFullServiceRestaurant Greensboro NC Duke Energy Carolinas LLC.png SVFullServiceRestauran... 69 KB SVQuickServiceRestaurant Greensboro NC Duke Energy Carolinas LLC.png SVQuickServiceRestaura... 68 KB SVHospital Greensboro NC Duke Energy Carolinas LLC.png SVHospital Greensboro ... 67 KB SVLargeHotel Greensboro NC Duke Energy Carolinas LLC.png SVLargeHotel Greensbor... 66 KB SVLargeOffice Greensboro NC Duke Energy Carolinas LLC.png SVLargeOffice Greensbo... 68 KB SVMediumOffice Greensboro NC Duke Energy Carolinas LLC.png SVMediumOffice Greensb... 67 KB SVMidriseApartment Greensboro NC Duke Energy Carolinas LLC.png

7

NC CSC Open Science Conference  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This three-day conference will bring the regional climate research community (North Central region universities, DOI agencies, and other research institutions) and stakeholders, including local, federal, and tribal resource managers and leaders, to foster productive engagement, interactions, and involvement with the North Central Climate Science Center (NC CSC). The conference will strive to identify emerging research issues and topics.

8

UNC Tomorrow: NC State Response  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UNC Tomorrow: NC State Response Submitted by James L. Oblinger Chancellor May 1, 2008 #12;#12;Table of Engineering 47 Expanding the Industrial Extension Service 49 Entrepreneurship, Industry Clusters, and Economic Behavioral Health Institute 63 4.6 Our Environment Energy and Environment: Research and Extension 67

9

NC State Engineering A Wolfpack World  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

's Sierra Leone project includes work on a water sanitation system for a remote village. Russia Chemical of the coolest places. These programs and partnerships are just a small sampling of NC State's global reach. NC

Ning, Peng

10

I'NC.£F::.-------  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

I'NC.£F::.------- I'NC.£F::.------- u.s. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NEPA DETI!lUnNATION RECIPIENT:WA Dept of Commerce PROJECT TITLE: SEP ARRA· WSU Anaerobic Digester· Nutrient Recovery Technology Page 1 of3 STATE: WA funding Opportunity Announcement Number Procurement Instrument Number NEPA Cnntrol Number CID Number EEOOOO139 GF0-0000139-Q22 EE139 Based on my ",view of the informaUon concerning the proposed action, as NEPA Compliance Officer (authorized under DOE Order 4SI.IA), I have made the following determination: ex, EA, EIS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description: A9 Information gathering (including , but not limited to, literature surveys, inventories, audits), data analysis (including computer modeling), document preparation (such as conceptual design or feasibility studies, analytical energy supply

11

North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics from Durham, NC and  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics from Durham, NC North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics from Durham, NC and Albuquerque Academy from Albuquerque, NM Win the U.S. Department of Energy National Science Bowl North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics from Durham, NC and Albuquerque Academy from Albuquerque, NM Win the U.S. Department of Energy National Science Bowl May 3, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - A high school team from Durham and a middle school team from Albuquerque won the 2010 U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) National Science Bowl today at the National Building Museum in Washington. North Carolina School of Science and Mathematics beat Mira Loma High School from Sacramento CA in the high school national championship match by correctly answering a chemistry question. Albuquerque Academy beat Gale

12

Rapid Ammonia Gas Transport Accounts for Futile Transmembrane Cycling under NH3/NH4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rapid Ammonia Gas Transport Accounts for Futile Transmembrane Cycling under NH3/NH4 + Toxicity) seedlings is predominately of the gaseous NH3 species, rather than the NH4 + ion. Influx of 13 NH3/13 NH4 + , which exceeded 200 mmol g­1 h­1 , was not commensurate with membrane depolarization or increases in root

Britto, Dev T.

13

Category:Concord, NH | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Go Back to PV Economics By Location Go Back to PV Economics By Location Media in category "Concord, NH" The following 16 files are in this category, out of 16 total. SVFullServiceRestaurant Concord NH Public Service Co of NH.png SVFullServiceRestauran... 74 KB SVHospital Concord NH Public Service Co of NH.png SVHospital Concord NH ... 75 KB SVLargeHotel Concord NH Public Service Co of NH.png SVLargeHotel Concord N... 74 KB SVLargeOffice Concord NH Public Service Co of NH.png SVLargeOffice Concord ... 76 KB SVMediumOffice Concord NH Public Service Co of NH.png SVMediumOffice Concord... 74 KB SVMidriseApartment Concord NH Public Service Co of NH.png SVMidriseApartment Con... 71 KB SVOutPatient Concord NH Public Service Co of NH.png SVOutPatient Concord N... 72 KB SVPrimarySchool Concord NH Public Service Co of NH.png

14

Automatic 5-axis NC toolpath generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Despite over a decade of research, automatic toolpath generation has remained an elusive goal for 5-axis NC machining. This thesis describes the theoretical and practical issues associated with generating collision free ...

Balasubramaniam, Mahadevan, 1976-

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

NC Sustainable Energy Association | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NC Sustainable Energy Association NC Sustainable Energy Association Jump to: navigation, search Name NC Sustainable Energy Association Address PO Box 6465 Place Raleigh Zip 27628 Number of employees 1-10 Year founded 1978 Phone number 919-832-7601 Website http://www.energync.org Coordinates 35.7719°, -78.6388° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.7719,"lon":-78.6388,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

16

Strong decays of excited baryons in Large Nc QCD  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the analysis of the strong decays widths of excited baryons in the framework of the 1/Nc expansion of QCD. These studies are performed up to order 1/Nc and include both positive and negative parity excited baryons.

Goity, J. L. [Physics Dept., Hampton University, Hampton, VA 23668 (United States); TJNAF, Newport News, VA 23606 (United States); Scoccola, N. N. [Lab. TANDAR, CNEA, Av.Libertador 8250, 1429 Buenos Aires (Argentina); CONICET, Rivadavia 1917, 1033 Buenos Aires (Argentina); Universidad Favaloro, Solis 453, 1078 Buenos Aires (Argentina)

2007-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

17

An advanced STEP-NC controller for intelligent machining processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Major improvements in high speed machining technologies are not followed by suitable evolutions of the programming standard ISO 6983, also called G-code. New STEP-NC standard aims at performing high level intelligent NC programming adapted to modern ... Keywords: CNC Controller, Multiprocess manufacturing, Optimization, STEP-NC, Simulation

Matthieu Rauch; Raphael Laguionie; Jean-Yves Hascoet; Suk-Hwan Suh

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Company Name: JobsInNH.com  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Company Name: JobsInNH.com Web Site: www.jobsinnh.com Industry: Advertising & Marketing Brief Company Overview: "Since 2002, JobsInNH.com has been New Hampshire?s #1 employment resource. As recruiting and accelerate your job search. Connect with the best employers in the state who are hiring now" Majors

New Hampshire, University of

19

Two-phase nc-TiN/a-(C,CN{sub x}) nanocomposite films: A HRTEM and MC simulation study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The grain growth in two-phase nanocomposite Ti-C{sub x}-N{sub y} thin films grown by reactive close-field unbalanced magnetron sputtering in an Ar-N{sub 2} gas mixture with microstructures comprising of nanocrystalline (nc-) Ti(N,C) phase surrounded by amorphous (a-) (C,CN{sub x}) phase was investigated by a combination of high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and Monte Carlo (MC) simulations. The HRTEM results revealed that amorphous-free solid solution Ti(C,N) thin films exhibited polycrystallites with different sizes, orientations and irregular shapes. The grain size varied in the range between several nanometers and several decade nanometers. Further increase of C content (up to {approx}19 at.% C) made the amorphous phase wet nanocrystallites, which strongly hindered the growth of nanocrystallites. As a result, more regular Ti(C,N) nanocrystallites with an average size of {approx}5 nm were found to be separated by {approx}0.5-nm amorphous phases. When C content was further increased (up to {approx}48 at.% in this study), thicker amorphous matrices were produced and followed by the formation of smaller sized grains with lognormal distribution. Our MC analysis indicated that with increasing amorphous volume fraction (i.e. increasing C content), the transformation from nc/nc grain boundary (GB)-curvature-driven growth to a/nc GB-curvature-driven growth is directly responsible for the observed grain growth from great inhomogeneity to homogeneity process.

Guo, J.; Lu, Y. H.; Hu, X. J.; Shen, Y. G. [Department of Mechanical and Biomedical Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, Kowloon (Hong Kong)

2013-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

20

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- R Brew Co - NH 01  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

R Brew Co - NH 01 R Brew Co - NH 01 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: R. BREW CO. (NH.01 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Concord , New Hampshire NH.01-1 Evaluation Year: 1994 NH.01-2 Site Operations: Conducted vacuum furnace tests using uranium and copper billets. NH.01-1 NH.01-3 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for contamination remote NH.01-2 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Uranium NH.01-1 NH.01-3 Radiological Survey(s): Yes - radiological monitoring during operations NH.01-3 Site Status: Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Also see Documents Related to R. BREW CO. NH.01-1 - Memorandum/Checklist; Landis to File; Subject: R. Brew

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nh nm nc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

NC GreenPower Production Incentive | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NC GreenPower Production Incentive NC GreenPower Production Incentive NC GreenPower Production Incentive < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Wind Program Info State North Carolina Program Type Performance-Based Incentive Rebate Amount Varies by technology and system size PV up to 5 kW: $0.06/kWh PV larger than 5 kW: must enter bid process Wind up to 10 kW: $0.09/kWh Wind larger than 10 kW: must enter bid process Provider NC GreenPower NC GreenPower, a statewide green power program designed to encourage the use of renewable energy in North Carolina, offers production payments for grid-tied electricity generated by solar, wind, small hydro (10 megawatts

22

Apple Tree, NH Big Tree for May By Anne Krantz, NH Big Tree Team,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Apple Tree, NH Big Tree for May By Anne Krantz, NH Big Tree Team, UNH Cooperative Extension The explosion of apple blossoms in May transforms the most gnarled old tree into a delicate cloud of beauty (1817-1862) in his essay "The Wild Apple Tree," described the blossoms perfectly: `The flowers

New Hampshire, University of

23

N.C. Solar Center | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

N.C. Solar Center N.C. Solar Center Jump to: navigation, search Name N.C. Solar Center Address NCSU, Box 7401 Place Raleigh, NC Zip 27695 Number of employees 11-50 Year founded 1988 Coordinates 35.762515267°, -78.5407447815° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.762515267,"lon":-78.5407447815,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

24

INGEN: A COBRA-NC input generator user's manual  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The INGEN (INput GENerator) computer program has been developed as a preprocessor to simplify input generation for the COBRA-NC computer program. INGEN uses several empirical correlations and geometric assumptions to simplify the data input requirements for the COBRA-NC computer code. The simplified input scheme is obtained at the expense of much flexibility provided by COBRA-NC. For more complex problems requiring additional flexibility however, INGEN may be used to provide a skeletal input file to which the more detailed input may be added. This report describes the input requirements for INGEN and describes the algorithms and correlations used to generate the COBRA-NC input. 9 refs., 3 figs., 6 tabs.

Wheeler, C.L.; Dodge, R.E.

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

NC-JRA-004_Compressed_Gas_Work  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to highly toxic gases Vented cabinets used for highly toxic gases, dedicated storage bunker Y 1 2 5 2 20 NC Job Risk Assessment Bnlnt2cfn docsESSH&QJRAs - FRAs2011...

26

Theory of Hydride-Proton Transfer (HPT) Carbonyl Reduction by [Os(III)(tpy)(Cl)(NH=CHCH3)(NSAr)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Quantum mechanical analysis reveals that carbonyl reduction of aldehydes and ketones by the imine-based reductant cis-[Os{sup III}(tpy)(Cl)(NH?CHCH{sub 3})(NSAr)] (2), which is accessible by reduction of the analogous nitrile, occurs by hydride-proton transfer (HPT) involving both the imine and sulfilimido ligands. In carbonyl reduction, water or alcohol is necessary to significantly lower the barrier for proton shuttling between ligands. The ?N(H)SAr group activates the carbonyl group through hydrogen bonding while the ?NC(H)CH{sub 3} ligand delivers the hydride.

Ess, Daniel H.; Schauer, Cynthia; Meyer, Thomas J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

precision deburring using NC and robot equipment. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Deburring precision miniature components is often time consuming and inconsistent. Although robots are available for deburring parts, they are not precise enough for precision miniature parts. Numerical control (NC) machining can provide edge break consistencies to meet requirements such as 76.2-..mu..m maximum edge break (chamfer). Although NC machining has a number of technical limitations which prohibits its use on many geometries, it can be an effective approach to features that are particularly difficult to deburr.

Gillespie, L.K.

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Determination of the ( Ammonium (NH4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, paleoclimate history, biologic cycling of nutrients, ground-water contamination, and natural remediation contributed to understanding of water-supply sustainability, ground-water/surface-water interactionsDetermination of the ( 15 N/ 14 N) of Ammonium (NH4 + ) in Water: RSIL Lab Code 2898 Chapter 15

29

NH House Committee_April27 2005  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mercury Control Mercury Control Technology R&D Program for Coal-Fired Boilers Working Session of the New Hampshire House Science, Technology, & Energy Committee April 26, 2005 Concord, New Hampshire Thomas J. Feeley, III thomas.feeley@netl.doe.gov National Energy Technology Laboratory NH House Committee_April 2005 Mercury Control Technology Field Testing Program Performance/Cost Objectives * Have technologies ready for commercial demonstration by 2007 for all coals * Reduce "uncontrolled" Hg emissions by 50-70% * Reduce cost by 25-50% compared to baseline cost estimates Baseline Costs: $50,000 - $70,000 / lb Hg Removed 2000 Year Cost NH House Committee_April 2005 Stages of Mercury Control Technology Development DOE RD&D Model Lab/Bench/Pilot-Scale Testing Field Testing

30

NC-1-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NC-1-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule NC-1-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule NC-1-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Virginia Power/CP&L System: Kerr-Philpott This rate schedule shall be available to public bodies and cooperatives (any one of whom is hereinafter called the Customer) in Virginia and North Carolina to whom power may be transmitted pursuant to a contract between the Government and Virginia Electric and Power Company (hereinafter called the Virginia Power) and PJM Interconnection LLC (hereinafter called PJM), scheduled pursuant to a contract between the Government and Carolina Power & Light Company (hereinafter called CP&L), and billed pursuant to contracts between the Government and the Customer. This rate schedule shall be applicable to the sale at wholesale of power

31

Non-global logarithms at finite Nc beyond leading order  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analytically compute non-global logarithms at finite Nc fully up to 4 loops and partially at 5 loops, for the hemisphere mass distribution in e+e- to di-jets to leading logarithmic accuracy. Our method of calculation relies solely on integrating the eikonal squared-amplitudes for the emission of soft energy-ordered real-virtual gluons over the appropriate phase space. We show that the series of non-global logarithms in the said distribution exhibits a pattern of exponentiation thus confirming - by means of brute force - previous findings. In the large-Nc limit, our results coincide with those recently reported in literature. A comparison of our proposed exponential form with all-orders numerical solutions is performed and the phenomenological impact of the finite-Nc corrections is discussed.

Khelifa-Kerfa, Kamel

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

469nm Fiber Laser Source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have demonstrated 466mW of 469nm light from a frequency doubled continuous wave fiber laser. The system consisted of a 938nm single frequency laser diode master oscillator, which was amplified in two stages to 5 Watts using cladding pumped Nd{sup 3+} fiber amplifiers and then frequency doubled in a single pass through periodically poled KTP. The 3cm long PPKTP crystal was made by Raicol Crystals Ltd. with a period of 5.9 {micro}m and had a phase match temperature of 47 degrees Centigrade. The beam was focused to a 1/e{sup 2} diameter in the crystal of 29 {micro}m. Overall conversion efficiency was 11% and the results agreed well with standard models. Our 938nm fiber amplifier design minimizes amplified spontaneous emission at 1088nm by employing an optimized core to cladding size ratio. This design allows the 3-level transition to operate at high inversion, thus making it competitive with the 1088nm 4-level transition. We have also carefully chosen the fiber coil diameter to help suppress propagation of wavelengths longer than 938 nm. At 2 Watts, the 938nm laser had an M{sup 2} of 1.1 and good polarization (correctable with a quarter and half wave plate to >10:1).

Drobshoff, A; Dawson, J W; Pennington, D M; Payne, S A; Beach, R

2005-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

33

Category:Albuquerque, NM | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Albuquerque, NM Albuquerque, NM Jump to: navigation, search Go Back to PV Economics By Location Media in category "Albuquerque, NM" The following 16 files are in this category, out of 16 total. SVFullServiceRestaurant Albuquerque NM Public Service Co of NM.png SVFullServiceRestauran... 66 KB SVQuickServiceRestaurant Albuquerque NM Public Service Co of NM.png SVQuickServiceRestaura... 65 KB SVHospital Albuquerque NM Public Service Co of NM.png SVHospital Albuquerque... 80 KB SVLargeHotel Albuquerque NM Public Service Co of NM.png SVLargeHotel Albuquerq... 64 KB SVLargeOffice Albuquerque NM Public Service Co of NM.png SVLargeOffice Albuquer... 82 KB SVMediumOffice Albuquerque NM Public Service Co of NM.png SVMediumOffice Albuque... 69 KB SVMidriseApartment Albuquerque NM Public Service Co of NM.png

34

,"NM, East Proved Nonproducing Reserves"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12292014 1:57:21 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: NM, East...

35

invites you to the NC State Forensic Science Symposium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

invites you to the 5th NC State Forensic Science Symposium December 4, 2012 Convocation Room, College of Textiles Information and Registration: www.fsi.ncsu.edu Send questions to: forensics@ncsu.edu Agenda 8:00 Registration 9:00 Welcome David Hinks Director, Forensic Sciences Institute North Carolina

Liu, Paul

36

An intelligent NC program processor for CNC system of machine tool  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NC Program Processor for CNC System of Machine Tool Yadongof the most important tasks of CNC in machine tool system.The existing CNC systems only support vendor-specific NC

Liu, Y; Guo, X; Li, W; Yamazaki, K; Kashihara, K; Fujishima, M

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

STEP-NC enabled on-line inspection in support of closed-loop machining  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The object-oriented STEP-NC data model provides a seamless and integrated programming interface for on-machine (or also known as on-line or in-line) inspections as well as interoperable manufacturing. This paper proposes a STEP-NC data model for on-line ... Keywords: Closed-loop machining, Machining, On-machine inspection, STEP-NC

Fiona Zhao; Xun Xu; Shane Xie

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Comparative affinity purification of single chain antibody NC6.8  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

purification were compared: 1) anti c-myc mAb for a c-myc-scfv NC6.8 fusion construct, 2) metal chelation for a histidine hexamer-scfv NC6.8 fusion construct, and 3) polyclonal anti-scfv NC 6.8 antibody, for either of the above fusion constructs. The polyclonal...

Jackson, Michael Gary

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Ab initio molecular dynamics investigations on the SN2 reactions of OH? with NH2F and \\{NH2Cl\\}  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The bimolecular nucleophilic substitution (SN2) reactions of hydroxide anion (OH?) with fluoroamine (NH2F) and chloramine (NH2Cl) have been investigated with ab initio molecular dynamics simulations. For the SN2 reaction of OH? with NH2F, there are two main dynamic reaction pathways after passing the [HONH2F]? barrier. The first one is that the [HONH2F]? transition state directly dissociates to the products of F? and NH2OH without involving any dynamic intermediate complex, and on the contrary, the other one involves the dynamic hydrogen bond F?H?NH?OH and/or F?H?O?NH2 intermediate complexes. As to the SN2 reaction of OH? with NH2Cl, there is only one dominant dynamic reaction pathway, which leads to the products of Cl? and NH2OH directly. According to our calculations, the statistical theories including the RiceRamspergerKasselMarcus (RRKM) theory and transition state (TS) theory cannot be utilized to model the reaction kinetics for these two SN2 reactions.

Feng Yu; Lei Song; Xiaoguo Zhou

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

NCSU Box 7401 Raleigh, NC 27695 (919) 515-3480 Toll Free 1-800-33-NC SUN Passive Solar Options  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the solar elements. · If you've picked a passive solar house plan, is it designed for North Carolina1 NCSU · Box 7401 · Raleigh, NC 27695 · (919) 515-3480 · Toll Free 1-800-33-NC SUN Passive Solar, you may be considering passive solar design. A passive solar home has four features that distinguish

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nh nm nc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

NH4-smectite: Characterization, hydration properties and hydro mechanical behaviour  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NH4-smectite: Characterization, hydration properties and hydro mechanical behaviour M. Gautier a and drive to environmental problems. The purpose of this study was to understand the hydro- physical changes the pressure on small amounts of samples, proved the strong increase of the permeability of NH4-smectite

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

42

NH Clean Power Act (New Hampshire) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NH Clean Power Act (New Hampshire) NH Clean Power Act (New Hampshire) NH Clean Power Act (New Hampshire) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State New Hampshire Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider NH Department of Environmental Services The Act calls for annual reductions of multiple pollutants, including SO2, Nox, CO2, and mercury. The Act calls for an 87% reduction in SO2 emissions and a 70% reduction in Nox emissions from 1999 levels. CO2 emissions are to be reduced to 1990 levels by the end of 2006. Act is implemented under NH Rules Env-A 2900. This act applies specifically to three existing fossil

43

Transparent fluids for 157-nm immersion lithography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- gineers. [DOI: 10.1117/1.1637366] Subject terms: 157-nm lithography; immersion fluid; perfluoropolyether

Rollins, Andrew M.

44

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Chupadera Mesa NM Site - NM 04  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Chupadera Mesa NM Site - NM 04 Chupadera Mesa NM Site - NM 04 FUSRAP Considered Sites Chupadera Mesa, NM Alternate Name(s): None Location: Approximately 28 miles northeast of the Trinity nuclear test site on the White Sands Missile Range, Northeast of Bingham, New Mexico NM.04-5 Historical Operations: Received the deposition of longer-lived radionuclides in the fallout from the nuclear test, primarily cesium-137, strontium-90, plutonium-239, cobalt-60, and europium-155. NM.04-2 NM.04-5 Eligibility Determination: No further action required. Radiation levels below cleaunup criteria. NM.04-1 NM.04-2 Radiological Survey(s): Assessment Surveys NM.04-3 NM.04-4 Site Status: NA - No Further Action Required NM.04-1 NM.04-2 Long-term Care Requirements: Long-Term Surveillance and Maintenance Requirements for Remediated FUSRAP Sites S07566_FUSRAP

45

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Bayo Canyon NM Site - NM 01  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Bayo Canyon NM Site - NM 01 Bayo Canyon NM Site - NM 01 FUSRAP Considered Sites Bayo Canyon, NM Alternate Name(s): Bayo Canyon Area Bayo Canyon (TA-10) Site NM.01-2 Location: Canyon in the Pajarito Plateau Region in Los Alamos County, Los Alamos, NM NM.01-3 Historical Operations: Used in 1944-1961 by the MED and later AEC at Los Alamos National Laboratory as a firing site for conventional and high-explosives experiments involving natural and depleted uranium, strontium, and lanthanum as a radiation source for blast diagnosis. NM.01-3 NM.01-5 Eligibility Determination: Eligible NM.01-1 Radiological Survey(s): Assessment Survey NM.01-3 Site Status: Certified- Certification Basis NM.01-5 NM.01-6 Long-term Care Requirements: Long-Term Surveillance and Maintenance Requirements for Remediated FUSRAP Sites S07566_FUSRAP

46

Influence of Ge content and annealing conditions on the PL properties of nc-Si1?xGex embedded in SiO2 matrix in weak quantum confined regime  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Fabrication of Si (nc-Si), Ge (nc-Ge), and Si1?xGex (nc-Si1?xGex) nanocrystals embedded in SiO2 matrix is achieved by thermal annealing of magnetron-sputtered thin films. Effects of annealing conditions, namely duration and temperature, as well as Ge content on the photoluminescence properties are investigated. Origin and evolution of the photoluminescence signal in the weak quantum confinement regime are discussed. It is found that photoluminescence signals can be decomposed into four Gaussian peaks originating from Ge-related radiative defects located at the sub-oxide (GeOx), either inside the matrix or at the interface region (peak M), nc-Si1?xGex/SiO2 interface-related localized states (peak I), localized states in the amorphous Si1?xGex bandgap (peak A) and quantum confinement of excitons in small nanocrystals (peak Q). The role of small and large nanocrystals in the photoluminescence mechanism is investigated by varying the mean nanocrystal size from 3nm to 23nm (from strong to weak quantum confined regime). Our results demonstrate that the quantum confinement effect in Ge nanocrystals manifests though spectral blueshift due to increase in Ge content. We also propose that the decreasing photoluminescence signal intensity with an increase in Ge content may originate from Ge-related nonradiative Pb centers.

Evrin Tu?ay; Serim Ilday; Ra?it Turan; Treje G. Finstad

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

EPR and IR studies of [Ru(NH?)?]+-Y and [Ru(NH?)?N?]+-Y type zeolites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EPR AND IR STUDIES OF [Ru(NH ) ] -Y 3 6 AND [Ru(NE ) N ] -Y TYPE ZEOLITES 2+ A Thesis by RAYMOND LEON LEUBNER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partia1 fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE December 1973 Major Subject: Chemistry EPR AND IR STUDIES OF [Ru(NH3) ] -Y 3+ AND [Ru(NH3) N ) -Y TYPE ZEOLITES 2+ 3&2 A Thesis by RAYMOND LEON LEUBNER Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committ (Head of Department) (Memb...

Leubner, Raymond Leon

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

48

Measurement and Modeling of Spatial NH3 Storage Distributions...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

in a Commercial Small Port Cu Zeolite Urea SCR Catalyst Measurement and Modeling of Spatial NH3 Storage Distributions in a Commercial Small Port Cu Zeolite Urea SCR Catalyst...

49

Quasielastic neutron scattering of -NH3 and -BH3 rotational dynamics...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Quasielastic neutron scattering of -NH3 and -BH3 rotational dynamics in orthorhombic ammonia borane. Quasielastic neutron scattering of -NH3 and -BH3 rotational dynamics in...

50

Comparison of the efficiency of N2 and NH3 plasma treatments to improve the adhesion of PP films to in situ deposited Al coatings. Study of ageing phenomena in terms of acid-base properties  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper reports on the characteristics of polypropylene (PP) treated at two different frequencies, 70 kHz and 13.56 MHz, in two plasma atmospheres, NH3 and N2 plasmas. Chemical modifications created on the plasma-treated material were investigated by different complementary surface analytical techniques (X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and contact angle measurements), which revealed a higher reactivity of the NH3 plasma. The incorporation of nitrogen plays an important role as revealed by the adhesion study of thermally evaporated aluminium with treated PP: the measured peel strengths were two times higher for NH3-treated surfaces than for N2-treated ones, with XPS measurements showing a sharper increase of N/C ratio as a function of treatment time for the former treatment. Ageing of the PP pretreated in NH3 was also studied in terms of surface acid-base properties. The work of adhesion, calculated from contact angle measurements, showed a distinct dependence on the pH value of the test liquids and good correlations were obtained with peel test results. The basic character of the NH3-treated PP disappears with ageing, leading to an amphoteric surface.

M. Tatoulian; F. Arefi-Khonsari; N. Shahidzadeh-Ahmadi; J. Amouroux

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

147-nm photolysis of disilane  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The photodecomposition of Si/sub 2/H/sub 6/ at 147 nm results in the formation of H/sub 2/, SiH/sub 4/, Si/sub 3/H/sub 8/, Si/sub 4/H/sub 10/, Si/sub 5/H/sub 12/, and a solid film of amorphous silicon hydride (a-Si:H). Three primary processes are proposed to account for the results, namely, (a) Si/sub 2/H/sub 6/ + h..nu.. ..-->.. SiH/sub 2/ + SiH/sub 3/ + H (phi/sub a/ = 0.61); (b) Si/sub 2/H/sub 6/ + h..nu.. ..-->.. SiH/sub 3/SiH + 2H (phi/sub b/ = 0.18); (c) Si/sub 2/H/sub 6/ + h..nu.. ..-->.. Si/sub 2/H/sub 5/ + H (phi/sub c/ = 0.21). The overall quantum yields depend on the pressure but at 1 Torr partial pressure of Si/sub 2/H/sub 6/ are PHI(-Si/sub 2/H/sub 6/) = 4.3 +- 0.2, PHI(SiH/sub 4/) = 1.2 +- 0.4, PHI(Si/sub 3/H/sub 8/) = 0.91 +- 0.08, PHI(Si/sub 4/H/sub 10/) = 0.62 +- 0.03, PHI(Si,wall) = 2.2. Quantum yields for H/sub 2/ formation were not measured. A mechanism is proposed which is shown to be in accord with the experimental facts.

Perkins, G.G.A.; Lampe, F.W.

1980-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

52

American Solar Energy Society Proc. ASES Annual Conference, Raleigh, NC, EVALUATION OF NUMERICAL WEATHER PREDICTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

© American Solar Energy Society ­ Proc. ASES Annual Conference, Raleigh, NC, EVALUATION;© American Solar Energy Society ­ Proc. ASES Annual Conference, Raleigh, NC, irradiance forecasts over OF NUMERICAL WEATHER PREDICTION SOLAR IRRADIANCE FORECASTS IN THE US Richard Perez ASRC, Albany, NY, Perez

Perez, Richard R.

53

Photo-production of Positive Parity Excited Baryons in the 1/Nc Expansion of QCD  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze the photo-production helicity amplitudes for the positive parity excited baryons in the context of the $1/N_c$ expansion of QCD. The results show that sub-leading corrections in $1/N_c$ are important and that, while 1-body effective operators are dominant, there is some evidence for the need of 2-body effects.

Jose L. Goity Norberto N. Scoccola

2007-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

54

Vibrational spectroscopy of the ammoniated ammonium ions NH sub 4 sup + (NH sub 3 ) sub n (n = 1-10)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The gas-phase vibration-internal rotation spectra of mass-selected ammoniated ammonium ions, NH{sub 4}{sup +}(NH{sub 3}){sub n} (for n = 1-10), have been observed from 2600 to 4000 cm{sup {minus}1}. The spectra show vibrational features that have been assigned to modes involving both the ion core species, NH{sub 4}{sup +}, and the first shell NH{sub 3} solvent molecules. Nearly free internal rotation of the solvent molecules about their local C{sub 3} axes in the first solvation shell has been observed in the smaller clusters (n = 1-6). For the larger clusters studied (n = 7-10) the spectra converge, with little difference between clusters differing by one solvent molecule. For these clusters, the spectrum in the 3200-3500 cm{sup {minus}1} region is quite similar to that of liquid ammonia, and the entire region of 2600-3500 cm{sup {minus}1} also bears considerable resemblance to the spectra of ammonium salts dissolved in liquid ammonia under some chemical conditions. This indicates the onset of a liquidlike environment for the ion core and first shell solvent molecules in clusters as small as NH{sub 4}{sup +}(NH{sub 3}){sub 8}.

Price, J.M.; Crofton, M.W.; Lee, Y.T. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States) Univ. of California, Berkeley (United States))

1991-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

55

Electronic Structure of TiO2/CH3NH3PbI3 Perovskite Solar Cell Interfaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The last two decades, the research on different types of mesoscopic solar cells has grown enormously, largely because this family of solar cells can be controlled in many different ways and for their easy production. ... Recently, the use of soluble semiconductors such as organicinorganic perovskites has shown great promise as light absorbers in solid-state mesoscopic solar cells. ... We report for the first time on a hole conductor-free mesoscopic methylammonium lead iodide (CH3NH3PbI3) perovskite/TiO2 heterojunction solar cell, produced by deposition of perovskite nanoparticles from a soln. of CH3NH3I and PbI2 in ?-butyrolactone on a 400 nm thick film of TiO2 (anatase) nanosheets exposing (001) facets. ...

Rebecka Lindblad; Dongqin Bi; Byung-wook Park; Johan Oscarsson; Mihaela Gorgoi; Hans Siegbahn; Michael Odelius; Erik M. J. Johansson; Hkan Rensmo

2014-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

56

A Comparison of 400nm and 800nm Femtosecond Laser Pulses in Dissociative Ionization of Ethanol  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Role of the center wavelength of excitation laser pulses on dissociative ionization of ethanol is studied using 400 nm and 800 nm femtosecond laser pulses. Contribution of...

Shioyama, Tadamasa; Yazawa, Hiroki; Kannari, Fumihiko; Itakura, Ryuji; Yamanouchi, Kaoru

57

Diffusive and rotational dynamics of condensed n-H2 confined in MCM-41  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, we report an inelastic neutron scattering study of liquid and solid n-H2 confined within MCM-41. This is a high surface area, mesoporous silica glass with a narrow pore size distribution centered at 3.5 nm. The scattering data provides information about the diffusive and rotational dynamics of the adsorbed n-H2 at low temperatures. In the liquid state, the neutron scattering data demonstrates that only a fraction of the adsorbed o-H2 is mobile on the picosecond time scale. This mobile fraction undergoes liquid-like jump diffusion, and values for the residence time t and effective mean-squared displacement hu2i are reported as a function of pore filling. In the solid state, the rotational energy levels of adsorbed H2 are strongly perturbed from their free quantum rotor behavior in the bulk solid. The underlying orientational potential of the hindered rotors is due to the surface roughness and heterogeneity of the MCM-41 pore walls. This potential is compared to the hindering potential of other porous silicas, such as Vycor. Strong selective adsorption makes the interfacial layer rich in o-H2, leaving the inner core volume consisting of a depleted mixture of o-H2 and p-H2.

Prisk, Timothy R [ORNL; Bryan, Matthew [Indiana University; Sokol, Paul E [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Public Service Co of NH | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NH NH (Redirected from PSNH) Jump to: navigation, search Name Public Service Co of NH Place New Hampshire Service Territory New Hampshire Website www.psnh.com Green Button Landing Page www.psnh.com/SaveEnergyMo Green Button Reference Page www.psnh.com/SaveEnergyMo Green Button Implemented Yes Utility Id 15472 Utility Location Yes Ownership I NERC Location NPCC NERC NPCC Yes ISO NE Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] LinkedIn Connections

59

The 147-nm photolysis of disilane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The 147-nm photolysis of disilane ... Photoinduced Reaction of Disilane with the Si(111) Surface ... Photoinduced Reaction of Disilane with the Si(111) Surface ...

G. G. A. Perkins; F. W. Lampe

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

PORTSMOUTH HARBOR AND PISCATAQUA RIVER, NH & ME NAVIGATION IMPROVEMENT PROJECT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the states of New Hampshire and Maine. The existing project consists of 35-foot deep entrance channel, with a minimum width of 400 feet, extending about 6.2 miles from deep water at the harbor entrance upriverPORTSMOUTH HARBOR AND PISCATAQUA RIVER, NH & ME NAVIGATION IMPROVEMENT PROJECT 21 August 2014

US Army Corps of Engineers

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nh nm nc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Environmental effects on electron spin relaxation in N@C60  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We examine environmental effects of surrounding nuclear spins on the electron spin relaxation of the N@C60 molecule (which consists of a nitrogen atom at the centre of a fullerene cage). Using dilute solutions of N@C60 in regular and deuterated toluene, we observe and model the effect of translational diffusion of nuclear spins of the solvent molecules on the N@C60 electron spin relaxation times. We also study spin relaxation in frozen solutions of N@C60 in CS2, to which small quantities of a glassing agent, S2Cl2 are added. At low temperatures, spin relaxation is caused by spectral diffusion of surrounding nuclear (35,37)Cl spins in the S2Cl2, but nevertheless, at 20 K, T2 times as long as 0.23 ms are observed

Morton, J J L; Ardavan, A; Porfyrakis, K; Lyon, S A; Briggs, G A D; Morton, John J. L.; Tyryshkin, Alexei M.; Ardavan, Arzhang; Porfyrakis, Kyriakos

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Oligomerization-dependent Regulation of Motility and Morphogenesis by the Collagen XVIII NC1/Endostatin Domain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Collagen XVIII (c18) is a triple helical endothelial/epithelial basement membrane protein whose noncollagenous (NC)1 region trimerizes a COOH-terminal endostatin (ES) domain conserved in vertebrates, Caenorhabditis elegans and Drosophila. Here...

Kuo, Calvin J.; LaMontagne, Kenneth R.; Garcia-Cardeñ a, Guillermo; Ackley, Brian D.; Kalman, Daniel; Park, Susan; Christofferson, Rolf; Kamihara, Junne; Ding, Yuan-Hua; Lo, Kin-Ming; Gillies, Stephen; Folkman, Judah; Mulligan, Richard C.; Javaherian, Kashi

2001-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

63

Development of an NC equipment level controller in a hierarchical shop floor control system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The methodology of developing an NC equipment controller in a Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM) System, which is based on a philosophy of hierarchical shop floor control, is presented in this research. The underlying architecture consists...

Chang, William

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

64

Environmental effects on electron spin relaxation in N@C60  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We examine environmental effects of surrounding nuclear spins on the electron spin relaxation of the N@C60 molecule (which consists of a nitrogen atom at the centre of a fullerene cage). Using dilute solutions of N@C60 in regular and deuterated toluene, we observe and model the effect of translational diffusion of nuclear spins of the solvent molecules on the N@C60 electron spin relaxation times. We also study spin relaxation in frozen solutions of N@C60 in CS2, to which small quantities of a glassing agent, S2Cl2 are added. At low temperatures, spin relaxation is caused by spectral diffusion of surrounding nuclear 35Cl and 37Cl spins in the S2Cl2, but nevertheless, at 20 K, T2 times as long as 0.23 ms are observed.

John J. L. Morton; Alexei M. Tyryshkin; Arzhang Ardavan; Kyriakos Porfyrakis; S. A. Lyon; G. Andrew D. Briggs

2006-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

65

The baryon vector current in the combined chiral and 1/Nc expansions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The baryon vector current is computed at one-loop order in large-Nc baryon chiral perturbation theory, where Nc is the number of colors. Loop graphs with octet and decuplet intermediate states are systematically incorporated into the analysis and the effects of the decuplet-octet mass difference and SU(3) flavor symmetry breaking are accounted for. There are large-Nc cancellations between different one-loop graphs as a consequence of the large-Nc spin-flavor symmetry of QCD baryons. The results are compared against the available experimental data through several fits in order to extract information about the unknown parameters. The large-Nc baryon chiral perturbation theory predictions are in very good agreement both with the expectations from the 1/Nc expansion and with the experimental data. The effect of SU(3) flavor symmetry breaking for the |Delta S|=1 vector current form factors f1(0) results in a reduction by a few percent with respect to the corresponding SU(3) symmetric values.

Ruben Flores-Mendieta; Jose L. Goity

2014-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

66

The baryon vector current in the combined chiral and 1/Nc expansions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The baryon vector current is computed at one-loop order in large-Nc baryon chiral perturbation theory, where Nc is the number of colors. Loop graphs with octet and decuplet intermediate states are systematically incorporated into the analysis and the effects of the decuplet-octet mass difference and SU(3) flavor symmetry breaking are accounted for. There are large-Nc cancellations between different one-loop graphs as a consequence of the large-Nc spin-flavor symmetry of QCD baryons. The results are compared against the available experimental data through several fits in order to extract information about the unknown parameters. The large-Nc baryon chiral perturbation theory predictions are in very good agreement both with the expectations from the 1/Nc expansion and with the experimental data. The effect of SU(3) flavor symmetry breaking for the |Delta S|=1 vector current form factors f1(0) results in a reduction by a few percent with respect to the corresponding SU(3) symmetric values.

Flores-Mendieta, Ruben

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Are There Tetraquarks at Large $N_c$ in QCD(F)?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Weinberg recently pointed out a flaw in the standard argument that large $N_c$ QCD with color-fundamental quarks [QCD(F)] cannot yield narrow tetraquark states. In particular, he observed that the argument does not rule out narrow tetraquarks associated with the leading-order connected diagrams; such tetraquarks would have a width scaling as $N_c^{-1}$. It is shown here, however, that while the standard analysis of tetraquarks does not rule them out, a more thorough analysis rules out quantum-number exotic tetraquarks associated with the leading-order connected diagrams. This analysis is based entirely on conventional assumptions used in large $N_c$ physics applied to the analytic properties of meson-meson scattering. Our result implies that one of three possibilities must be true: i) quantum-number exotic tetraquarks do not exist at large $N_c$; ii) quantum-number exotic tetraquarks exist, but are associated with subleading connected diagrams and have anomalously small widths that scale as $N_c^{-2}$ or smaller; or iii) the conventional assumptions used in large $N_c$ analysis are inadequate.

Thomas D. Cohen; Richard F. Lebed

2014-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

68

The baryon vector current in the combined chiral and 1/Nc expansions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The baryon vector current is computed at one-loop order in large-Nc baryon chiral perturbation theory, where Nc is the number of colors. Loop graphs with octet and decuplet intermediate states are systematically incorporated into the analysis and the effects of the decuplet-octet mass difference and SU(3) flavor symmetry breaking are accounted for. There are large-Nc cancellations between different one-loop graphs as a consequence of the large-Nc spin-flavor symmetry of QCD baryons. The results are compared against the available experimental data through several fits in order to extract information about the unknown parameters. The large-Nc baryon chiral perturbation theory predictions are in very good agreement both with the expectations from the 1/Nc expansion and with the experimental data. The effect of SU(3) flavor symmetry breaking for the |Delta S|=1 vector current form factors f1(0) results in a reduction by a few percent with respect to the corresponding SU(3) symmetric values.

Flores-Mendieta, Ruben; Goity, Jose L [JLAB

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

North Carolina State University, Campus Box 7409, Raleigh, NC 27695 | 919-515-3480 | www.nccleantech.ncsu.edu | 8/2013 Formerly the NC Solar Center  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a mobile phone with NearBio, www.nearbio.com · Locate alternative fuels with the Alternative Fuels Data Center, www.afdc.energy.gov This factsheet supported in part through the Clean Fuel Advanced Technology.nccleantech.ncsu.edu | 8/2013 Formerly the NC Solar Center BIODIESEL RETAIL STATIONS IN NORTH CAROLINA Clean Transportation

70

Photolysis of Disilane at 193 nm  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Photolysis of Disilane at 193 nm ... Absolute rate constants for the reaction of silylene with hydrogen, silane, and disilane ... Reactions of silylene(~1A1) with molecular hydrogen, methane, ethene, silane and disilane at 298 K ...

Naoya Tada; Kenichi Tonokura; Keiji Matsumoto; Mitsuo Koshi; Akira Miyoshi; Hiroyuki Matsui

1999-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

71

Public Service Co of NH | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Name Public Service Co of NH Name Public Service Co of NH Place New Hampshire Service Territory New Hampshire Website www.psnh.com Green Button Landing Page www.psnh.com/SaveEnergyMo Green Button Reference Page www.psnh.com/SaveEnergyMo Green Button Implemented Yes Utility Id 15472 Utility Location Yes Ownership I NERC Location NPCC NERC NPCC Yes ISO NE Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now!

72

Evaluation of NH3-SCR Catalyst Technology on a 250-kW Stationary...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

NH3-SCR Catalyst Technology on a 250-kW Stationary Diesel Genset Evaluation of NH3-SCR Catalyst Technology on a 250-kW Stationary Diesel Genset 2005 Diesel Engine Emissions...

73

Study of On-Board Ammonia (NH3) Generation for SCR Operation...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Study of On-Board Ammonia (NH3) Generation for SCR Operation Study of On-Board Ammonia (NH3) Generation for SCR Operation The feasibility of on-board ammonia generation was...

74

Structure-Activity Relationships in NH3-SCR over Cu-SSZ-13 as...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Structure-Activity Relationships in NH3-SCR over Cu-SSZ-13 as Probed by Reaction Kinetics and EPR Studies. Structure-Activity Relationships in NH3-SCR over Cu-SSZ-13 as Probed by...

75

EECBG Success Story: Grants to Help N.H. Towns Conserve Energy...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Grants to Help N.H. Towns Conserve Energy EECBG Success Story: Grants to Help N.H. Towns Conserve Energy March 19, 2010 - 4:17pm Addthis New Hampshire has a plan to lower expenses...

76

NH3 generation over commercial Three-Way Catalysts and Lean-NOx...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

use by sector * cars light trucks 3 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Why NH 3 -generation on TWCs? * Zeolite-based NH 3 -SCR has been shown to have very...

77

Low Temperature Milling of the LiNH2 + LiH Hydrogen Storage System...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Milling of the LiNH2 + LiH Hydrogen Storage System. Low Temperature Milling of the LiNH2 + LiH Hydrogen Storage System. Abstract: Ball milling of the LiNH2 + LiH storage system was...

78

Are There Tetraquarks at Large $N_c$ in QCD(F)?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Weinberg recently pointed out a flaw in the standard argument that large $N_c$ QCD with color-fundamental quarks [QCD(F)] cannot yield narrow tetraquark states. In particular, he observed that the argument does not rule out narrow tetraquarks associated with the leading-order connected diagrams; such tetraquarks would have a width scaling as $N_c^{-1}$. It is shown here, however, that while the standard analysis of tetraquarks does not rule them out, a more thorough analysis rules out quantum-number exotic tetraquarks associated with the leading-order connected diagrams. This analysis is based entirely on conventional assumptions used in large $N_c$ physics applied to the analytic properties of meson-meson scattering. Our result implies that one of three possibilities must be true: i) quantum-number exotic tetraquarks do not exist at large $N_c$; ii) quantum-number exotic tetraquarks exist, but are associated with subleading connected diagrams and have anomalously small widths that scale as $N_c^{-2}$ or smal...

Cohen, Thomas D

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

N.C. Agency Growing, Helping Citizens Save Money | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

N.C. Agency Growing, Helping Citizens Save Money N.C. Agency Growing, Helping Citizens Save Money N.C. Agency Growing, Helping Citizens Save Money March 12, 2010 - 5:20pm Addthis Reginald Speight, CEO of Martin County Community Action | Photo courtesy of Martin County Community Action Reginald Speight, CEO of Martin County Community Action | Photo courtesy of Martin County Community Action Joshua DeLung North Carolina will receive $132 million, or 10 times more money than in years past, for its weatherization program through the Recovery Act. Martin County Community Action is tasked with weatherizing about 1,029 units with its $7.7 million share. The agency has also surpassed its 123 units from its usual fiscal year funding. "It's been interesting ramping up like this, but we've put our agency in a position the last couple of years to be able to do more creative

80

N.C. Agency Growing, Helping Citizens Save Money | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

N.C. Agency Growing, Helping Citizens Save Money N.C. Agency Growing, Helping Citizens Save Money N.C. Agency Growing, Helping Citizens Save Money March 12, 2010 - 5:20pm Addthis Reginald Speight, CEO of Martin County Community Action | Photo courtesy of Martin County Community Action Reginald Speight, CEO of Martin County Community Action | Photo courtesy of Martin County Community Action Joshua DeLung North Carolina will receive $132 million, or 10 times more money than in years past, for its weatherization program through the Recovery Act. Martin County Community Action is tasked with weatherizing about 1,029 units with its $7.7 million share. The agency has also surpassed its 123 units from its usual fiscal year funding. "It's been interesting ramping up like this, but we've put our agency in a position the last couple of years to be able to do more creative

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nh nm nc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Fabrication of 5 nm linewidth and 14 nm pitch features by nanoimprint lithography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fabrication of 5 nm linewidth and 14 nm pitch features by nanoimprint lithography Michael D. Austin pitch and feature sizes of these applications. Thus, presently, re- searchers have been largely pitch over a large area, its applications in nanogap metal contacts, and a study of fabrication yields

82

Power and Performance of Native and Java Benchmarks on 130nm to 32nm Process Technologies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power and Performance of Native and Java Benchmarks on 130nm to 32nm Process Technologies Hadi with chip power reduc- tions. This paper examines how well process technology and mi- croarchitecture delivered on this assumption. This paper evalu- ates power and performance of native and Java workloads

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

83

Clean Transportation | Campus Box 7409, Raleigh, NC 27695 | 919-513-7831 | www.cleantransportation.org North Carolina State University, Campus Box 7409, Raleigh, NC 27695 | 919-513-7831 | www.cleantransportation.org 8/7/12  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

through sub- Advancing Clean Energy for a Sustainable Economy Clean Fuel Advanced Technology (CFAT) 2010Clean Transportation | Campus Box 7409, Raleigh, NC 27695 | 919-513-7831 | www.cleantransportation.org 8/7/12 Clean Fuel Advanced Technology (CFAT) Project 2006-20012: Administered by the NC Solar Center

84

Clean Transportation | Campus Box 7409, Raleigh, NC 27695 | 919-513-7831 | www.cleantransportation.org North Carolina State University, Campus Box 7409, Raleigh, NC 27695 | 919-513-7831 | www.cleantransportation.org 9/17/12  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in an liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) sub-award with the Iredell Advancing Clean Energy for a Sustainable EconomyClean Transportation | Campus Box 7409, Raleigh, NC 27695 | 919-513-7831 | www.cleantransportation.org 9/17/12 Clean Fuel Advanced Technology (CFAT) Project 2006-20012: Administered by the NC Solar

85

The effect of host Chlorella NC64A carbon : phosphorus ratio on the production of Paramecium bursaria Chlorella  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effect of host Chlorella NC64A carbon : phosphorus ratio on the production of Paramecium bursaria Chlorella Virus-1 JESSICA L. CLASEN AND JAMES J. ELSER School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, U.S.A. SUMMARY 1. We used the freshwater alga Chlorella NC64A (Division Chlorophyta

Arizona State University

86

Produced by the NC State Department of Computer Science www.csc.ncsu.edu Fall 2011 Issue  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Academic Leaders 2 Predicting the Effects of Climate ChangeImpact Bytes NC State To Create Video Game this Issue Predicting the Effects of Climate Change NC State to Develop Game to Boost Science Lieracy Virtual over the past decade. Droves of companies have relocat- ed, expanded or started up in the area

Young, R. Michael

87

Theoretical study of the ammoniated NH/sub 4/ radical and related structures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ground- and some of the excited-state surfaces for the reaction of the Rydberg radical NH/sub 4/ to give either NH/sub 3/ + H or NH/sub 2/ + H/sub 2/ are computed. The preferred ground reaction channel is that observed experimentally, the formation of NH/sub 3/ + H. The Rydberg character, as well as the low barrier for fragmentation, is rationalized using a Rydberg extended-state structure correlation diagram. The excited-state surfaces show deep potential wells whose forms are also rationalized using this correlation diagram. Calculations on the surface of tetramethylammonium radical show no enhanced stability due to alkyl substitution. Comparative calculations on the complexation energies of HN/sub 4//sup +/ (NH/sub 3/)/sub n/ and NH/sub 4/(NH/sub 3/)/sub n/, n = 1-6, show the semiionic character of the Rydberg radical. The variation of stepwise complexation energies with n for the Rydberg species is not completely understood. The stability of solvated NH/sub 4/ radical in liquid NH/sub 3/ is estimated to be of the same order as (NH/sub 4//sup +/)/sub s/ + (e/sup -/)/sub s/.

Kassab, E.; Evleth, E.M.

1987-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

88

American Solar Energy Society Proc. ASES Annual Conference, Raleigh, NC, 2011 SHORT-TERM IRRADIANCE VARIABILITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

© American Solar Energy Society ­ Proc. ASES Annual Conference, Raleigh, NC, 2011 SHORT, as hypothesized in Hoff and Perez's optimum point. #12;© American Solar Energy Society ­ Proc. ASES Annual is the factor that determines whether the combined relative fluctuations of two solar systems add up when

Perez, Richard R.

89

A Guide to the External Review Process The Graduate School, NC State University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

review by one of more faculty in the same field from other universities. The major steps in planning and disseminates the plan to participants in the upcoming post-review meeting. · At the post-review meetingA Guide to the External Review Process The Graduate School, NC State University The major purpose

Buckel, Jeffrey A.

90

RAPID/Roadmap/14-NM-a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Information Desktop Toolkit BETA RAPID Toolkit About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Solar Resources Contribute Contact Us 14-NM-a Nonpoint Source Pollution 14-NM-a - Nonpoint...

91

RAPID/Roadmap/11-NM-d | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Information Desktop Toolkit BETA RAPID Toolkit About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Solar Resources Contribute Contact Us 11-NM-d Cultural Resource Discovery Process 11-NM-d...

92

RAPID/Roadmap/11-NM-c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Information Desktop Toolkit BETA RAPID Toolkit About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Solar Resources Contribute Contact Us 11-NM-c Human Burial Discovery Process 11-NM-c Human...

93

RAPID/Roadmap/14-NM-e | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Information Desktop Toolkit BETA RAPID Toolkit About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Solar Resources Contribute Contact Us 14-NM-e Ground Water Discharge Permit 14-NM-e -...

94

Array-type NH.sub.3 sensor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An array-type sensor that senses NH.sub.3 includes non-Nernstian sensing elements constructed from metal and/or metal-oxide electrodes on an O.sub.2 ion conducting substrate. In one example sensor, one electrode may be made of platinum, another electrode may be made of manganese (III) oxide (Mn.sub.2O.sub.3), and another electrode may be made of tungsten trioxide (WO.sub.3). Some sensing elements may further include an electrode made of La.sub.0.6Sr.sub.0.4Co.sub.0.2Fe.sub0.8O.sub.3 and another electrode made of LaCr.sub.0.95.Mg.sub.0.05O.sub.3.

West, David Lawrence; Montgomery, Frederick Charles; Armstrong, Timothy R; Warmack, Robert J

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

95

NC State Chemical Engineering Degrees -MS Graduation Name NicknameGrad Date Hometown StateUndergrad Chair Initial Employer Employer City State  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MIT Cambridge MA Floyd Edson Israel 6/4/1929 LeRoy KS Kansas State Randolph Mead Paper State Chesapeake-Camp Franklin VA Robert Perry Harris 6/5/1939 Raleigh NC NC State Carolina Coach

Velev, Orlin D.

96

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Trinity Test Site - NM 17  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Trinity Test Site - NM 17 Trinity Test Site - NM 17 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: TRINITY TEST SITE (NM.17 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP - U.S. Army controls site Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: missile range - 30 miles west of Carrizozo , White Sands , New Mexico NM.17-1 Evaluation Year: 1985 NM.17-1 Site Operations: Detonation of the first atomic bomb occurred at this site. NM.17-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated NM.17-1 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Fission fragments NM.17-1 Radiological Survey(s): NM.17-1 Site Status: Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP - U.S. Army controls site NM.17-1 Also see Documents Related to TRINITY TEST SITE NM.17-1 - DOE Memorandum/Checklist; Jones to File; Subject:

97

A review of "The Restoration: England in the 1660s." by N.H. Keeble  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

80 SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY NEWS N.H. Keeble. The Restoration: England in the 1660s. History of Early Modern England series. Oxford: Blackwell, 2002. xvi + 270 pp. $34.95. Review by TY M. REESE, UNIVERSITY OF NORTH DAKOTA. N.H. Keeble...80 SEVENTEENTH-CENTURY NEWS N.H. Keeble. The Restoration: England in the 1660s. History of Early Modern England series. Oxford: Blackwell, 2002. xvi + 270 pp. $34.95. Review by TY M. REESE, UNIVERSITY OF NORTH DAKOTA. N.H. Keeble...

Ty M. Reese

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Acid Pueblo Canyon - NM 03  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Acid Pueblo Canyon - NM 03 Acid Pueblo Canyon - NM 03 FUSRAP Considered Sites Acid/Pueblo Canyon, NM Alternate Name(s): Radioactive Liquid Waste Treatment Plant (TA-45) Acid/Pueblo and Los Alamos Canyon NM.03-3 Location: Canyons in the Pajarito Plateau Region in Los Alamos County, Los Alamos, NM NM.03-3 Historical Operations: Late 1943 or early 1944, head of the south fork of Acid Canyon received untreated liquid waste containing tritium and isotopes of strontium, cesium, uranium, plutonium, and americium discharged from main acid sewer lines and subsequently from the TA-3 plutonium treatment plant. NM.03-3 Eligibility Determination: Radiological Survey(s): Verification Surveys NM.03-5 NM.03-6 Site Status: Certified- Certification Basis and Federal Register Notice NM.03-2

99

Theoretical studies of the structures and electronic properties of U(NH{sub 2}){sub 3} and Np(NH{sub 2}){sub 3}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The electronic structure of the model compounds U(NH{sub 2}){sub 3} and Np(NH{sub 2}){sub 3} is investigated with the aid of ab initio electronic structure techniques. The electronic ground states and equilibrium geometries of these complexes are determined using multi-configuration SCF techniques. Comparisons are made to their counterparts U(CH{sub 3}){sub 3} and Np(CH{sub 3}){sub 3}.

Hay, P.J.; Martin, R.L.

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

File:USDA-CE-Production-GIFmaps-NC.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NC.pdf NC.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage North Carolina Ethanol Plant Locations Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 355 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Description North Carolina Ethanol Plant Locations Sources United States Department of Agriculture Related Technologies Biomass, Biofuels, Ethanol Creation Date 2010-01-19 Extent State Countries United States UN Region Northern America States North Carolina External links http://www.nass.usda.gov/Charts_and_Maps/Ethanol_Plants/ File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 16:17, 27 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 16:17, 27 December 2010 1,650 × 1,275 (355 KB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated bot upload

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nh nm nc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

STEPNCMillUoA: a CNC system based on STEP-NC and Function Block architecture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

STEPNCMillUoA is the prototype of a new CNC system that utilises the STEP-NC data model and IEC 61499. STEP-NC provides a high-level data model and enables feature-based machining whereas the enabled layered Function Block architecture simplifies the design of the CNC controller. The architecture layers are responsible for data processing, storage and execution. The object-oriented Model-View-Control design pattern supports the system architecture and the design framework, in which simulation of the machining becomes natural and inherent part of the design process, with seamless transition from simulation to actual machining. This system possesses interoperability, portability, re-configurability and distribution characteristics. The system was tested through simulation and actual machining.

Mohamad Minhat; Xun Xu; Valeriy Vyatkin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Hydrogen Storage Properties of New Hydrogen-Rich BH3NH3-Metal...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Storage Properties of New Hydrogen-Rich BH3NH3-Metal Hydride (TiH2, ZrH2, MgH2, andor CaH2) Composite Systems. Hydrogen Storage Properties of New Hydrogen-Rich BH3NH3-Metal...

103

July 2013 GIS Workshops in Lee, NH SPACE IS LIMITED -PRE-REGISTRATION IS REQUIRED  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

July 2013 GIS Workshops in Lee, NH SPACE IS LIMITED - PRE-REGISTRATION IS REQUIRED Registration://gisworkshops.org email: gis@unh.edu Presented at the NH Sea Grant Extension Offices in Lee by the UNHCE Geospatial Outreach Program Workshop summary: Participants learn the basics of Geographic Information System (GIS

New Hampshire, University of

104

Futile transmembrane NH4 cycling: A cellular hypothesis to explain ammonium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

4 to be preferred by plants, as its assimilation requires less energy than that of NO3 (1), only with intensive agriculture and cultivation of livestock, where high levels of NH3 emission, and subsequent NH4 is exceeded by as much as 10-fold, and damage to forest and agricultural crops alike has been attributed

Britto, Dev T.

105

Multi-watt 589nm fiber laser source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have demonstrated 3.5W of 589nm light from a fiber laser using periodically poled stoichiometric Lithium Tantalate (PPSLT) as the frequency conversion crystal. The system employs 938nm and 1583nm fiber lasers, which were sum-frequency mixed in PPSLT to generate 589nm light. The 938nm fiber laser consists of a single frequency diode laser master oscillator (200mW), which was amplified in two stages to >15W using cladding pumped Nd{sup 3+} fiber amplifiers. The fiber amplifiers operate at 938nm and minimize amplified spontaneous emission at 1088nm by employing a specialty fiber design, which maximizes the core size relative to the cladding diameter. This design allows the 3-level laser system to operate at high inversion, thus making it competitive with the competing 1088nm 4-level laser transition. At 15W, the 938nm laser has an M{sup 2} of 1.1 and good polarization (correctable with a quarter and half wave plate to >15:1). The 1583nm fiber laser consists of a Koheras 1583nm fiber DFB laser that is pre-amplified to 100mW, phase modulated and then amplified to 14W in a commercial IPG fiber amplifier. As a part of our research efforts we are also investigating pulsed laser formats and power scaling of the 589nm system. We will discuss the fiber laser design and operation as well as our results in power scaling at 589nm.

DAWSON, J W; DROBSHOFF, A D; BEACH, R J; MESSERLY, M J; PAYNE, S A; BROWN, A; PENNINGTON, D M; BAMFORD, D J; SHARPE, S J; COOK, D J

2006-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

106

3-D agricultural air quality modeling: Impacts of NH3/H2S gasphase reactions and bi-directional exchange of NH3  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Accurately simulating the transport and fate of reduced nitrogen (NHx=ammonia (NH3)+ammonium (NH4+))- and sulfur-containing compounds emitted from agricultural activities represents a major challenge in agricultural air quality modeling. In this study, the Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) modeling system is further developed and improved by implementing 22 ammonia (NH3)/hydrogen sulfide (H2S) related gas-phase reactions and adjusting a few key parameters (e.g., emission potential) for bi-directional exchange of NH3 fluxes. Several simulations are conducted over the eastern U.S. domain at a 12-km horizontal resolution for January and July 2002 to examine the impacts of those improved treatments on air quality. The 5th generation mesoscale model (MM5) and CMAQ predict an overall satisfactory and consistent performance with previous modeling studies, especially for 2-m temperature, 2-m relative humidity, ozone (O3), and fine particulate matter (PM2.5). High model biases exist for precipitation in July and also dry/wet depositions. The updated model treatments contribute to O3, NHx, and PM2.5 by up to 0.4ppb, 1.0?gm?3, and 1.0?gm?3 in January, respectively, and reduce O3 by up to 0.8ppb and contribute to \\{NHx\\} and PM2.5 by up to 1.2 and 1.1?gm?3 in July, respectively. The spatial distributions of O3 in both months and sulfur dioxide (SO2) in January are mainly affected by inline dry deposition velocity calculation. The spatial distributions of SO2 and sulfate (SO42?) in July are affected by both inline dry deposition velocity and NH3/H2S reactions. The variation trends of NH3, NHx, ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3), PM2.5 and total nitrogen (TN) are predominated by bi-directional exchange of NH3 fluxes. Uncertainties of NH3 emission potentials and empirical constants used in the bi-directional exchange scheme may significantly affect the concentrations of \\{NHx\\} and PM2.5, indicating that a more accurate and explicit treatment for those parameters should be considered in the future work.

Kai Wang; Yang Zhang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Frequency stabilization for a 486nm dye-ring laser  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For my thesis, I worked towards using two reference cavities to provide frequency stabilization to a 486nm dye-ring laser. After a doubling cavity doubles the frequency to 243nm, the laser beam is used to excite ground ...

Sievers, Charles A. (Charles Anders), 1979-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

GeoLectric Power Company NM LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GeoLectric Power Company NM LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: GeoLectric Power Company NM LLC Place: New Mexico Sector: Geothermal energy Product: Owns geothermal rights to the...

109

RAPID/Roadmap/19-NM-i | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Information Desktop Toolkit BETA RAPID Toolkit About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Solar Resources Contribute Contact Us 19-NM-i Change in Ownership of Water Right 19-NM-i -...

110

Pushing EUV lithography development beyond 22-nm half pitch  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

development beyond 22-nm half pitch Patrick P. Naulleau, 10.3-NA MET for sub-22-nm half-pitch development. We considerof 0.57. The orientation and pitch dependence of the imaging

Naulleau, Patrick

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

OPTICAL CONSTANTS OF NH{sub 3} AND NH{sub 3}:N{sub 2} AMORPHOUS ICES IN THE NEAR-INFRARED AND MID-INFRARED REGIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ammonia ice has been detected on different astrophysical media ranging from interstellar medium (ISM) particles to the surface of various icy bodies of our solar system, where nitrogen is also present. We have carried out a detailed study of amorphous NH{sub 3} ice and NH{sub 3}:N{sub 2} ice mixtures, based on infrared (IR) spectra in the mid-IR (MIR) and near-IR (NIR) regions, supported by theoretical quantum chemical calculations. Spectra of varying ice thicknesses were obtained and optical constants were calculated for amorphous NH{sub 3} at 15 K and 30 K and for a NH{sub 3}:N{sub 2} mixture at 15 K over a 500-7000 cm{sup 1} spectral range. These spectra have improved accuracy over previous data, where available. Moreover, we also obtained absolute values for the band strengths of the more prominent IR features in both spectral regions. Our results indicate that the estimated NH{sub 3} concentration in ISM ices should be scaled upward by ?30%.

Zanchet, Alexandre; Rodrguez-Lazcano, Yamilet; Glvez, scar; Herrero, Vctor J.; Escribano, Rafael; Mat, Beln, E-mail: belen.mate@csic.es [Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, IEM-CSIC, Serrano 123, E-28006 Madrid (Spain)

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Simulation of an Ar/NH{sub 3} low pressure magnetized direct current discharge  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A two-dimensional fluid model has been used to investigate the properties of plasma in an Ar/NH{sub 3} low pressure magnetized direct current discharge. We compared the simulation results with the theoretical and experimental results of the other gas discharge in which the magnetic field is considered. Results that obtained using this method are in good agreement with literature. The simulation results show that the positive ammonia ion density follows the positive argon ion density. The Ar{sub 2}{sup +} density is slightly higher than the Ar{sup +} density at 100 mTorr. The largest ammonia ion is NH{sub 3}{sup +} ion, followed by NH{sub 2}{sup +}, NH{sub 4}{sup +}, and NH{sup +} ions. The contribution of NH{sup +} ions to the density of the positive ammonia ions is marginal. The influence of pressure on the plasma discharge has been studied by simulation, and the mechanisms have been discussed. The average plasma density increases as pressure increased. The plasma density appears to be more inhomogeneous than that at the lower pressure. The ratio of charge particles changed as pressure increased. The Ar{sup +} density is slightly higher than the Ar{sub 2}{sup +} density as the pressure increased. It makes NH{sub 4}{sup +} ratio increase as pressure increased. It shows that the electron temperature drops with rising pressure by numerical calculation.

Li Zhi [School of Science, University of Science and Technology Liaoning, Anshan 114051 (China); School of Physics and Optoelectronic Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); Zhao Zhen [School of Chemistry and Life Science, Anshan Normal University, Anshan 114007 (China); School of Chemical Engineering, University of Science and Technology Liaoning, Anshan 114051 (China); Li Xuehui [Physiccal Science and Technical College, Dalian University, Dalian 116622 (China)

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

113

Global distributions, time series and error characterization of atmospheric ammonia (NH[subscript 3]) from IASI satellite observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ammonia (NH[subscript 3]) emissions in the atmosphere have increased substantially over the past decades, largely because of intensive livestock production and use of fertilizers. As a short-lived species, NH[subscript 3] ...

Van Damme, M.

114

MISE EN VIDENCE D'UN ORDRE A COURTE DISTANCE DANS LA PHASE II DES CRISTAUX DE NH4Cl,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

respectivement au point tricritique et au point de transition phase II - phase IV pour les cristaux de NH4Cl. Phase IV : phase cubique ordonnée ; tous les ions NH4 sont dans la configuration 1. Phase II : phase configuration 2. Phase III : phase tétragonale ordonnée ; les ions NH4 sont alternativement dans la

Boyer, Edmond

115

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- LASL Tract OO - NM 06  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Tract OO - NM 06 Tract OO - NM 06 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: LASL TRACT OO (NM.06 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP - Site was released by the AEC for sale and unrestricted use in 1976 Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Los Alamos , New Mexico NM.06-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 NM.06-1 Site Operations: Site consists of an area of 3.85 acres on the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory compound. This tract of land was a location for a fire alarm equipment building and part of power plant and several warehouses. NM.06-2 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Radiological survey report declares the area to be free of residual radioactive contamination from site operations NM.06-1 Radioactive Materials Handled: No Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: None

116

Consequences of Substituting 2NH2A for a in Synthetic DNAS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Chemical and spectroscopic consequences of replacing A with 2NH2A have been examined in a variety of synthetic DNAs. This substitution, which permits formation...m elevation, however, is much smaller in the deox...

Frank B. Howard; H. Todd Miles

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

NH3 generation over commercial Three-Way Catalysts and Lean-NOx...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

formulations and operation for the in-situ generation of NH3, storage on a downstream SCR catalyst, and utilized to reduce the remaining NOx deer12toops.pdf More Documents &...

118

Infrared spectra of ClCN{sup +}, ClNC{sup +}, and BrCN{sup +} trapped in solid neon  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

When a mixture of ClCN or BrCN with a large excess of neon is codeposited at 4.3 K with a beam of neon atoms that have been excited in a microwave discharge, the infrared spectrum of the resulting solid includes prominent absorptions of the uncharged isocyanide, ClNC or BrNC, and of the corresponding cation, ClCN{sup +} or BrCN{sup +}. The NC-stretching fundamentals of the isocyanides trapped in solid neon lie close to the positions for their previously reported argon-matrix counterparts. The CN-stretching absorptions of ClCN{sup +} and BrCN{sup +} and the CCl-stretching absorption of ClCN{sup +} appear very close to the gas-phase band centers. Absorptions of two overtones and one combination band of ClCN{sup +} are identified. Reversible photoisomerization of ClCN{sup +} to ClNC{sup +} occurs. The two stretching vibrational fundamentals and several infrared and near infrared absorptions associated with electronic transitions of ClNC{sup +} are observed. Minor infrared peaks are attributed to the vibrational fundamental absorptions of the CX and CX{sup +} species (X=Cl,Br)

Jacox, Marilyn E.; Thompson, Warren E. [Optical Technology Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899-8441 (United States)

2007-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

119

Volume 130, number 6 CHEMICAL PHYSICS LETTERS 24 October1986 VIBRATIONAL DEPENDENCE OF THE NH,+ (v2)+NO AND NO+(v) +NH,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Volume 130, number 6 CHEMICAL PHYSICS LETTERS 24 October1986 VIBRATIONAL DEPENDENCE OF THE NH,+ (v2 of an electron by the ion as it passes by its neutral collision partner. Such so-called charge transfer reactions reactions would suggest a fast rate controlled by the Langevin capture cross section [ 61. This in turn

Zare, Richard N.

120

The SEMATECH Berkeley MET & DCT: a quest for 14-nm half-pitch in chemically amplified resist, OOB contrast of EUV resists, and 6.x-nm lithography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DCT: a quest for 14-nm half- pitch in chemically amplifiedimage approaching 12-nm half-pitch with contrast above 60%.nm down to 12-nm half pitch, using the pseudo-PSM technique.

McClinton, Brittany

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nh nm nc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

RAPID/Roadmap/8-NM-c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Information Desktop Toolkit BETA RAPID Toolkit About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Solar Resources Contribute Contact Us 8-NM-c Certificate of Public Convenience and...

122

Sandia National Laboratories: the NM Legislature's Interim Science...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the NM Legislature's Interim Science Technology and Telecommunications Committee New Mexico Renewable Energy Storage Task Force On January 28, 2014, in Energy, Energy Storage,...

123

RAPID/Roadmap/19-NM-d | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Information Desktop Toolkit BETA RAPID Toolkit About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Solar Resources Contribute Contact Us 19-NM-d Considerations for Water Use in Restricted...

124

RAPID/Roadmap/11-NM-b | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Information Desktop Toolkit BETA RAPID Toolkit About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Solar Resources Contribute Contact Us 11-NM-b Cultural Resource Investigation Process...

125

RAPID/Roadmap/1-NM-a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Information Desktop Toolkit BETA RAPID Toolkit About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Solar Resources Contribute Contact Us 1-NM-a Land Use Planning 01NMALandUsePlanning.pdf...

126

RAPID/Roadmap/6-NM-a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Information Desktop Toolkit BETA RAPID Toolkit About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Solar Resources Contribute Contact Us 6-NM-a Special Permit for Excessive Size or Weight...

127

RAPID/Roadmap/11-NM-a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Information Desktop Toolkit BETA RAPID Toolkit About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Solar Resources Contribute Contact Us 11-NM-a State Cultural Considerations Overview...

128

RAPID/Roadmap/8-NM-d | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Information Desktop Toolkit BETA RAPID Toolkit About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Solar Resources Contribute Contact Us 8-NM-d State Determination of Right of Way Width...

129

RAPID/Roadmap/19-NM-g | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Information Desktop Toolkit BETA RAPID Toolkit About Bulk Transmission Geothermal Solar Resources Contribute Contact Us 19-NM-g Guidelines for Deep Groundwater...

130

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- ACF Industries - NM 05  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Assisted with prototype fabrication and field testing of cryogenic components for thermonuclear weapons program during 1955-1956. NM.05-2 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential...

131

Addition of NH{sub 3} to Al{sub 3}O{sub 3}{sup -}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent computational studies on the addition of ammonia (NH{sub 3}) to the Al{sub 3}O{sub 3}{sup -} cluster anion [A. Guevara-Garcia, A. Martinez, and J. V. Ortiz, J. Chem. Phys. 122, 214309 (2005)] have motivated experimental and additional computational studies, reported here. Al{sub 3}O{sub 3}{sup -} is observed to react with a single NH{sub 3} molecule to form the Al{sub 3}O{sub 3}NH{sub 3}{sup -} ion in mass spectrometric studies. This is in contrast to similarly performed studies with water, in which the Al{sub 3}O{sub 5}H{sub 4}{sup -} product was highly favored. However, the anion PE spectrum of the ammoniated species is very similar to that of Al{sub 3}O{sub 4}H{sub 2}{sup -}. The adiabatic electron affinity of Al{sub 3}O{sub 3}NH{sub 3} is determined to be 2.35(5) eV. Based on comparison between the spectra and calculated electron affinities, it appears that NH{sub 3} adds dissociatively to Al{sub 3}O{sub 3}{sup -}, suggesting that the time for the Al{sub 3}O{sub 3}{sup -}{center_dot}NH{sub 3} complex to either overcome or tunnel through the barrier to proton transfer (which is higher for NH{sub 3} than for water) is short relative to the time for collisional cooling in the experiment.

Wyrwas, Richard B.; Jarrold, Caroline Chick; Das, Ujjal; Raghavachari, Krishnan [Indiana University, Department of Chemistry, Bloomington, Indiana 47405-7102 (United States)

2006-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

132

RF power potential of 45 nm CMOS technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents the first measurements of the RF power performance of 45 nm CMOS devices with varying device widths and layouts. We find that 45 nm CMOS can deliver a peak output power density of around 140 mW/mm with ...

Putnam, Christopher

133

NC pi0 Production in the MiniBooNE Antineutrino Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The single largest background to future numubar to nuebar (numu to nue) oscillation searches is neutral current pi0 production. MiniBooNE, which began taking antineutrino data in January 2006, has the world's largest sample of pi0's produced by antineutrinos in the 1 GeV energy range. These neutral pions are primarily produced through the delta resonance but can also be created through "coherent production." The latter process is the coherent sum of glancing scatters of (anti)neutrinos off a neutron or proton, in which the nucleus is kept intact but a pi0 is created. Current analysis of NC pi0 production in the MiniBooNE antineutrino data will be discussed.

V. T. Nguyen

2008-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

134

A Nonparametrized Ab Initio Determination of the Heat of Formation of Hydroxylamine, NH2OH  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Large basis set coupled cluster calculations through noniterative triple excitations were used to compute optimized structures, harmonic vibrational frequencies, atomization energies at 0 K and heats of formation at 298 K for hydroxylamine (NH2OH) and three related compounds (NH3, HNO and H2O2). The use of basis sets as large as augmented sextuple zeta resulted in small extrapolations to the complete basis set limit in order to achieve chemical accuracy ( 1 kcal/mol) in the thermodynamic properties. Complete basis set estimates were determined from several simple extrapolation formulas. In addition, four other corrections were applied to the frozen core atomization energies, (1) a zero point vibrational correction: (2) a core/valence correlation correction; (3) a Douglas-Kroll-Hess scalar relativistic correction; and (4) a first order atomic spin-orbit correction. For NH3 and HNO we incorporated a fifth correction term intended to approximate the difference between coupled cluster theory and the full configuration interact result. This correction was based on coupled cluster theory through iterative quadruple excitations (CCSDTQ). Excellent agreement with experiment was found for the heats of formation of NH3, HNO and H2O2. For NH2OH the best current estimate of the heat of formation at 298 K is 10.1 0.3 kcal/mol, which falls roughly midway between two experimental values at 12.0 2.4 and 7.9 1.5 kcal/mol.

Feller, David F.; Dixon, David A.

2003-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

135

Photo Album Of FAPAC - NM Activities | National Nuclear Security  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Photo Album Of FAPAC - NM Activities | National Nuclear Security Photo Album Of FAPAC - NM Activities | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Photo Album Of FAPAC - NM Activities Home > About Us > Our Locations > Albuquerque Complex > Federal Asian Pacific American Council - New Mexico Chapter Albuquerque, NM > Photo Album Of FAPAC - NM Activities

136

NC State Chemical Engineering Degrees -PhD Graduation Name NicknameGrad Date Hometown StateUndergrad Chair Initial Employer Employer City State  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Viirginia Chemicals Portsmouth VA Arthur Alexander Armstrong Jr Art 1/15/1957 Gastonia NC NC State/StanDuPont Camden SC Roger Thomas Johnson 8/15/1970 Milwaukee WI U. Wisconsin McCabe Richard Busbee Phillips Richard

Velev, Orlin D.

137

North Carolina State University, Campus Box 7409, Raleigh, NC 27695 | 1 919-523-8888 | www.nccleantech.ncsu.edu 2014 TRAINING PROGRAM | www.nccleantech.ncsu.edu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.S. awarded by the Department of Energy `s Solar Instructor Training Network. In this capacity, the Center Recognitions and Accreditations: The NC Solar Center at NC State University has been a hub for con nuing and maintain the NCSU Solar House and the adjacent training and research facili es, including a fully

138

The Chlorella variabilis NC64A Genome Reveals Adaptation to Photosymbiosis, Coevolution with Viruses, and Cryptic Sex  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Chlorella variabilis NC64A, a unicellular photosynthetic green alga (Trebouxiophyceae), is an intracellular photobiont of Paramecium bursaria and a model system for studying virus/algal interactions. We sequenced its 46-Mb nuclear genome, revealing an expansion of protein families that could have participated in adaptation to symbiosis. NC64A exhibits variations in GC content across its genome that correlate with global expression level, average intron size, and codon usage bias. Although Chlorella species have been assumed to be asexual and nonmotile, the NC64A genome encodes all the known meiosis-specific proteins and a subset of proteins found in flagella. We hypothesize that Chlorella might have retained a flagella-derived structure that could be involved in sexual reproduction. Furthermore, a survey of phytohormone pathways in chlorophyte algae identified algal orthologs of Arabidopsis thaliana genes involved in hormone biosynthesis and signaling, suggesting that these functions were established prior to the evolution of land plants. We show that the ability of Chlorella to produce chitinous cell walls likely resulted from the capture of metabolic genes by horizontal gene transfer from algal viruses, prokaryotes, or fungi. Analysis of the NC64A genome substantially advances our understanding of the green lineage evolution, including the genomic interplay with viruses and symbiosis between eukaryotes.

Blanc, Guillaume; Duncan, Garry A.; Agarakova, Irina; Borodovsky, Mark; Gurnon, James; Kuo, Alan; Lindquist, Erika; Lucas, Susan; Pangailinan, Jasmyn; Polle, Juergen; Salamov, Asaf; Terry, Astrid; Yamada, Takashi; Dunigan, David D.; Grigoriev, Igor V.; Claverie, Jean-Michel; Etten, James L. Van

2010-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

139

Search for a Neutron Electric Dipole Moment at the SNS Brad Filippone (Caltech), Martin Cooper (LANL), Paul Huffman (NC State)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Search for a Neutron Electric Dipole Moment at the SNS Brad Filippone (Caltech), Martin Cooper (LANL), Paul Huffman (NC State) for the nEDM@SNS Collaboration The discovery of a neutron EDM (Electric and the empirical fact that matter exists in our universe. Experiments have searched for a neutron EDM for over six

140

Proceedings IEEE International Test Conference, Charlotte, NC, USA, September 30 October 2, 2003 A HYBRID CODING STRATEGY FOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proceedings IEEE International Test Conference, Charlotte, NC, USA, September 30 ­ October 2, 2003-fold solution: (1) The test data volume can be greatly reduced by simple encoding and decoding procedures. (2 A HYBRID CODING STRATEGY FOR OPTIMIZED TEST DATA COMPRESSION Armin Würtenberger, Christofer S. Tautermann

Hellebrand, Sybille

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nh nm nc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Grants to Help N.H. Towns Conserve Energy | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Grants to Help N.H. Towns Conserve Energy Grants to Help N.H. Towns Conserve Energy Grants to Help N.H. Towns Conserve Energy March 19, 2010 - 4:17pm Addthis New Hampshire has a plan to lower expenses and create jobs, all while conserving energy. In all, the state has received $17.3 million in Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) funding. Of that, $9.6 million has been sent to the New Hampshire Office of Energy and Planning (NHOEP) to launch several energy saving projects. NHOEP established a subgrant program to award $6.6 million of the EECBG grant funding to local municipalities and counties. New Hampshire municipalities and counties submitted over 270 applications, totaling over $21 million in grant requests. "Substantial energy efficiency improvements will be made throughout the

142

Grants to Help N.H. Towns Conserve Energy | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Grants to Help N.H. Towns Conserve Energy Grants to Help N.H. Towns Conserve Energy Grants to Help N.H. Towns Conserve Energy March 19, 2010 - 4:17pm Addthis New Hampshire has a plan to lower expenses and create jobs, all while conserving energy. In all, the state has received $17.3 million in Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) funding. Of that, $9.6 million has been sent to the New Hampshire Office of Energy and Planning (NHOEP) to launch several energy saving projects. NHOEP established a subgrant program to award $6.6 million of the EECBG grant funding to local municipalities and counties. New Hampshire municipalities and counties submitted over 270 applications, totaling over $21 million in grant requests. "Substantial energy efficiency improvements will be made throughout the

143

A Review & Assessment of Current Operating Conditions Allowable Stresses in ASME Section III Subsection NH  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The current operating condition allowable stresses provided in ASME Section III, Subsection NH were reviewed for consistency with the criteria used to establish the stress allowables and with the allowable stresses provided in ASME Section II, Part D. It was found that the S{sub o} values in ASME III-NH were consistent with the S values in ASME IID for the five materials of interest. However, it was found that 0.80 S{sub r} was less than S{sub o} for some temperatures for four of the materials. Only values for alloy 800H appeared to be consistent with the criteria on which S{sub o} values are established. With the intent of undertaking a more detailed evaluation of issues related to the allowable stresses in ASME III-NH, the availabilities of databases for the five materials were reviewed and augmented databases were assembled.

R. W. Swindeman

2009-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

144

Superionicity in the hydrogen storage material Li2NH: Molecular dynamics simulations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have employed ab initio molecular dynamics simulations in an attempt to study a temperature-induced order-disorder structural phase transformation that occurs in Li2NH at about 385 K. A structural phase transition was observed by us in the temperature range 300400 K, in good agreement with experiment. This transition is associated with a melting of the cation sublattice (Li+), giving rise to a superionic phase, which in turn is accompanied by an order-disorder transition of the N-H bond orientation. The results obtained here can contribute to a better understanding of the hydrogen storage reactions involving Li2NH and furthermore broaden its possible technological applications toward batteries and fuel cells.

C. Moyss Arajo; Andreas Blomqvist; Ralph H. Scheicher; Ping Chen; Rajeev Ahuja

2009-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

145

Efficient chemical regeneration of LiBH4NH3 spent fuel for hydrogen storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The absence of an efficient method for the regeneration of ammine metal borohydrides (M(BH4)nxNH3, AMBs) from their dehydrogenated products has hindered their potential application as hydrogen storage materials. In this paper, we demonstrate a high-yield chemical regeneration of LiBH4NH3 based on a three step process (digestion (H+ addition), reduction (H? addition), and ammonia complexation) at ambient temperature. Our results demonstrated that LiBN polymer was digested by methanol to form LiB(OCH3)4, which can be converted into LiBH4 by using LiAlH4 in the reduction process. The generation of LiBH4NH3 in ammonia complexion step was achieved by exposing the obtained LiBH4 in an ammonia atmosphere.

Yingbin Tan; Xiaowei Chen; Guanglin Xia; Xuebin Yu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Photodissociation dynamics of CIN3 at 193nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Photofragment translational spectroscopy was used to identify the primary and secondary reaction pathways in 193 nm photodissociation of chlorine azide (ClN{sub 3}) under collision-free conditions. Both the molecular elimination (NCl+N{sub 2}) and the radical bond rupture channel (Cl+N{sub 3}) were investigated and compared with earlier results at 248 nm. The radical channel strongly dominates, just as at 248 nm. At 193 nm, the ClN{sub 3} ({tilde C} {sup 1}A{double_prime}) state is excited, rather than the {tilde B} {sup 1}A{prime} state that is accessed at 248 nm, resulting in different photofragment angular distributions. The chlorine translational energy distribution probing the dynamics of the radical bond rupture channel shows three distinct peaks, with the two fastest peaks occurring at the same translational energies as the two peaks seen at 248 nm that were previously assigned to linear and 'high energy' N{sub 3}. Hence, nearly all the additional photon energy relative to 248 nm appears as N{sub 3} internal excitation rather than as translational energy, resulting in considerably more spontaneous dissociation of N{sub 3} to N{sub 2}+N.

Goncher, Scott J.; Sveum, Niels E.; Moore, David T.; Bartlett,Nate D.; Neumark, Daniel M.

2006-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

147

Polymorphism and optical properties in [NH{sub 4}][InSe{sub 2}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The solvothermal synthesis and characterization of two indium selenides with stoichiometry [NH{sub 4}][InSe{sub 2}] is described. Yellow [NH{sub 4}][InSe{sub 2}] (1), which exhibits a layered structure, was initially prepared in an aqueous solution of trans-1,4-diaminocyclohexane, and subsequently using a concentrated ammonia solution. A red polymorph of one-dimensional character, [NH{sub 4}][InSe{sub 2}] (2), was obtained using 3,5-dimethylpyridine as solvent. [NH{sub 4}][InSe{sub 2}] (1) crystallizes in the non-centrosymmetric space group Cc (a=11.5147(6), b=11.3242(6), c=15.9969(9) and ?=100.354(3)). The structural motif of the layers is the In{sub 4}Se{sub 10} adamantane unit, composed of four corner-linked InSe{sub 4} tetrahedra. These units are linked by their corners, forming [InSe{sub 2}]{sup ?} layers which are stacked back to back along the c-direction, and interspaced by [NH{sub 4}]{sup +}cations. The one-dimensional polymorph, (2), crystallizes in the tetragonal space group, I4/mcm (a=8.2519(16), c=6.9059 (14) ). This structure contains infinite chains of edge-sharing InSe{sub 4} tetrahedra separated by [NH{sub 4}]{sup +} cations. - Graphical abstract: Two polymorphic forms of [NH{sub 4}][InSe{sub 2}], which are yellow and red, have been prepared and their optical properties investigated. Highlights: Two new indium selenides prepared by a solvothermal method. Depending on synthesis conditions, two polymorphic forms of [NH{sub 4}][InSe{sub 2}] prepared. Layered polymorph contains In{sub 4}Se{sub 10} adamantane clusters, linked by their corners. One-dimensional polymorph contains [InSe{sub 2}]{sup ?} chains of edge-sharing tetrahedra. Non-centrosymmetric layered polymorph shows a second harmonic generation response.

Ewing, Sarah J. [Institute of Chemical Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, Scotland EH14 4AS (United Kingdom); Woodward, David I. [Department of Physics, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL (United Kingdom); Powell, Anthony V. [Institute of Chemical Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, Scotland EH14 4AS (United Kingdom); Vaqueiro, Paz, E-mail: P.Vaqueiro-Rodriguez@hw.ac.uk [Institute of Chemical Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, Scotland EH14 4AS (United Kingdom)

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

148

Measurement of Hyperfine Structure in the Infrared Rotation-Vibration Spectrum of NH-  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Hyperfine structure (hfs) has been observed in the P, Q, and R branches of the fundamental rotation-vibration spectrum of the X?2 electronic state of the molecular anion NH-. A coaxial ion-beam-laser-beam spectrometer is employed in which rotation-vibration transitions are induced by a color-center laser operating near 3000 cm-1. The vibrationally excited ions autodetach, and the fast neutral NH is detected. The structure has been analyzed and the magnetic dipole hfs parameters obtained in both N14H- and N15H-. This is the first analyzed case of hfs in any molecular anion.

Harold C. Miller; Mohammad Al-Za'al; John W. Farley

1987-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

149

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- TA-1 Manhattan Laboratory - NM 11  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

TA-1 Manhattan Laboratory - NM 11 TA-1 Manhattan Laboratory - NM 11 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: TA-1 MANHATTAN LABORATORY (NM.11 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: Main Technical Area LASL LANL NM.11-1 NM.11-2 NM.11-3 Location: Los Alamos , New Mexico NM.11-3 Evaluation Year: 1985 NM.11-1 Site Operations: Nuclear weapons research and development. NM.11-1 NM.11-3 Site Disposition: Site Disposition NM.11-1 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Uranium , Plutonium, Fission Products NM.11-1 NM.11-3 Radiological Survey(s): Yes NM.11-2 NM.11-3 Site Status: Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP NM.11-1 Also see Documents Related to TA-1 MANHATTAN LABORATORY NM.11-1 - DOE Memorandum/Checklist; Jones to File; Subject:

150

NM-TRIBE-PUEBLO OF POJOAQUE HOUSING CORPORATION  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NM-TRIBE-PUEBLO OF POJOAQUE HOUSING CORPORATION NM-TRIBE-PUEBLO OF POJOAQUE HOUSING CORPORATION Location: Tribe NM-TRIBE- PUEBLO OF POJOAQUE HOUSING CORPORATION NM American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Proposed Action or Project Description The Pueblo of Pojoaque Housing Corporation plans to improve the energy efficiency of six tribal homes located in White Sands Village by removing and replacing inefficient single-pane windows with double- pane, metal-clad wood windows. Conditions: None Categorical Exclusion(s) Applied: B2.5, B5.1 *-For the complete DOE National Environmental Policy Act regulations regarding categorical exclusions, see Subpart D of 10 CFR10 21 This action would not: threaten a violation of applicable statutory, regulatory, or permit requirements for environment, safety, and health,

151

NM Underground Storage Tank Registration | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- OtherOther: NM Underground Storage Tank RegistrationLegal Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect 2012 Legal Citation...

152

RAPID/Roadmap/14-NM-b | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Permit 14-NM-b - NPDES Permit.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Permit Overview The Clean Water Act (CWA) required the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to establish the...

153

RAPID/Roadmap/14-NM-c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

wells must also be equipped to facilitate periodic testing to assure continued mechanical integrity. NMAC 20.6.2.5002(B)(5). 14-NM-c.17 - Comply with Monitoring Requirements...

154

RAPID/Roadmap/3-NM-a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Land Office Position New Mexico State Land Office Associate Counsel Name Kelly Brooks Smith Email ksmith@slo.state.nm.us Phone 505.827.5872 Website http:www.nmstatelands.org...

155

RAPID/Roadmap/3-NM-g | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Land Office Position New Mexico State Land Office Associate Counsel Name Kelly Brooks Smith Email ksmith@slo.state.nm.us Phone 505.827.5872 Website http:www.nmstatelands.org...

156

RAPID/Roadmap/3-NM-b | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Land Office Position New Mexico State Land Office Associate Counsel Name Kelly Brooks Smith Email ksmith@slo.state.nm.us Phone 505.827.5872 Website http:www.nmstatelands.org...

157

RAPID/Roadmap/3-NM-c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Land Office Position New Mexico State Land Office Associate Counsel Name Kelly Brooks Smith Email ksmith@slo.state.nm.us Phone 505.827.5872 Website http:www.nmstatelands.org...

158

RAPID/Roadmap/3-NM-d | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Land Office Position New Mexico State Land Office Associate Counsel Name Kelly Brooks Smith Email ksmith@slo.state.nm.us Phone 505.827.5872 Website http:www.nmstatelands.org...

159

RAPID/Roadmap/3-NM-e | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Land Office Position New Mexico State Land Office Associate Counsel Name Kelly Brooks Smith Email ksmith@slo.state.nm.us Phone 505.827.5872 Website http:www.nmstatelands.org...

160

RAPID/Roadmap/5-NM-a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

5-NM-a - Drilling and Well Development.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Permit Overview The Oil Conservation Division of the New Mexico Energy, Minerals and Natural Resources...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nh nm nc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Paving the Way to Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller Print Wednesday, 30 March 2011 00:00 As the nanoelectronics industry pushes towards feature sizes of 22 nm and smaller, conventional single-exposure refractive lithography systems used to print circuit patterns onto computer chips will no longer be feasible. Extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography, utilizing reflective optics and 13-nm-wavelength light to print chips, is the leading candidate to meet the industry's future needs. Despite strong progress in EUV lithography over the past decade, significant challenges remain, including defect-free mask fabrication (see Science Highlight Investigating Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography Mask Defects), and the development of ultrahigh-resolution photoresist-a light-sensitive material used to form a patterned coating-that simultaneously supports low line-edge roughness (LER), high sensitivity, and sub-22-nm resolution. Using the SEMATECH Berkeley Microfield Exposure Tool (MET) at ALS Beamline 12.0.1.3, advanced EUV photoresist research can be performed while high-power stand-alone light sources are still being developed. High-quality 16-nm lines and spaces have been printed using the MET, representing the highest resolution ever achieved from a single-exposure projection optical lithography tool.

162

Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller Print Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller Print As the nanoelectronics industry pushes towards feature sizes of 22 nm and smaller, conventional single-exposure refractive lithography systems used to print circuit patterns onto computer chips will no longer be feasible. Extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography, utilizing reflective optics and 13-nm-wavelength light to print chips, is the leading candidate to meet the industry's future needs. Despite strong progress in EUV lithography over the past decade, significant challenges remain, including defect-free mask fabrication (see Science Highlight Investigating Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography Mask Defects), and the development of ultrahigh-resolution photoresist-a light-sensitive material used to form a patterned coating-that simultaneously supports low line-edge roughness (LER), high sensitivity, and sub-22-nm resolution. Using the SEMATECH Berkeley Microfield Exposure Tool (MET) at ALS Beamline 12.0.1.3, advanced EUV photoresist research can be performed while high-power stand-alone light sources are still being developed. High-quality 16-nm lines and spaces have been printed using the MET, representing the highest resolution ever achieved from a single-exposure projection optical lithography tool.

163

Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller Print Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller Print As the nanoelectronics industry pushes towards feature sizes of 22 nm and smaller, conventional single-exposure refractive lithography systems used to print circuit patterns onto computer chips will no longer be feasible. Extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography, utilizing reflective optics and 13-nm-wavelength light to print chips, is the leading candidate to meet the industry's future needs. Despite strong progress in EUV lithography over the past decade, significant challenges remain, including defect-free mask fabrication (see Science Highlight Investigating Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography Mask Defects), and the development of ultrahigh-resolution photoresist-a light-sensitive material used to form a patterned coating-that simultaneously supports low line-edge roughness (LER), high sensitivity, and sub-22-nm resolution. Using the SEMATECH Berkeley Microfield Exposure Tool (MET) at ALS Beamline 12.0.1.3, advanced EUV photoresist research can be performed while high-power stand-alone light sources are still being developed. High-quality 16-nm lines and spaces have been printed using the MET, representing the highest resolution ever achieved from a single-exposure projection optical lithography tool.

164

Vol. 92 Concord, NH, Wednesday, November 6, 2013 No. 37 Weekly Market Bulletin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to recruit new members and future customers for the full-service cooperative grocery store the group plans sustainability. The cooperative- ly owned business "strives to serve the North Country of New HampshireVol. 92 Concord, NH, Wednesday, November 6, 2013 No. 37 Weekly Market Bulletin State of New

New Hampshire, University of

165

Progress on Acidic Zirconia Mixed Oxides for Efficient NH3-SCR...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

levels 10 PSI laboratory test apparatus Computer FIC FIC FIC FIC FIC N 2 O 2 NO NH 3 TIC TIC TI MCT Detector TI TIC N 2 TI IR Source 2 3 4 3 3 3 5 6 7 8 9 10 heated gas line...

166

March 2012 GIS Workshops in Concord, NH SPACE IS LIMITED -PRE-REGISTRATION IS REQUIRED  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

March 2012 GIS Workshops in Concord, NH SPACE IS LIMITED - PRE-REGISTRATION IS REQUIRED. phone: 603.862.1029 web: http://gisworkshops.org email: gis@unh.edu GIS 101: Learning to Map in the Digital Age March 27th, 9am to noon Topics covered: basic GIS concepts types of GIS data types of GIS

New Hampshire, University of

167

May 2012 GIS Workshops in Plymouth, NH SPACE IS LIMITED -PRE-REGISTRATION IS REQUIRED  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

May 2012 GIS Workshops in Plymouth, NH SPACE IS LIMITED - PRE-REGISTRATION IS REQUIRED Registration. phone: 603.862.1029 web: http://gisworkshops.org email: gis@unh.edu GIS 101: Learning to Map in the Digital Age May 10, 9am to noon Topics covered: basic GIS concepts types of GIS data types of GIS software

New Hampshire, University of

168

April 2012 GIS Workshops in Conway, NH SPACE IS LIMITED -PRE-REGISTRATION IS REQUIRED  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

April 2012 GIS Workshops in Conway, NH SPACE IS LIMITED - PRE-REGISTRATION IS REQUIRED Registration.862.1029 web: http://gisworkshops.org email: gis@unh.edu GIS 101: Learning to Map in the Digital Age April 18, 9am to noon Topics covered: basic GIS concepts types of GIS data types of GIS software $49 Skill

New Hampshire, University of

169

January 2012 GIS Workshops in Durham, NH SPACE IS LIMITED -PRE-REGISTRATION IS REQUIRED  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

January 2012 GIS Workshops in Durham, NH SPACE IS LIMITED - PRE-REGISTRATION IS REQUIRED.862.1029 web: http://gisworkshops.org email: gis@unh.edu GIS 101: Learning to Map in the Digital Age January 10th, 9am to noon Topics covered: basic GIS concepts types of GIS data types of GIS software $49 Skill

New Hampshire, University of

170

June 2013 GIS Workshops in Plymouth, NH SPACE IS LIMITED -PRE-REGISTRATION IS REQUIRED  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

June 2013 GIS Workshops in Plymouth, NH SPACE IS LIMITED - PRE-REGISTRATION IS REQUIRED. phone: 603.862.1029 web: http://gisworkshops.org email: gis@unh.edu Presented at the Whole Village: Participants learn the basics of Geographic Information System (GIS) mapping software and explore a variety

New Hampshire, University of

171

Intramolecular electron transfer in mixed-valence complexes [(NH3)5Ru-L-Ru(NH3)5]5+ (L = N2, pyz, pym, 4,4?-bipy, bpa)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The dynamics of the intramolecular electron transfer from Ru(II) to Ru(III) in binuclear mixedvalence complexes [(NH3)5Ru-L- Ru(NH3)5]5+ (L = N2,pyz, bipy, pym, bpa) is analyzed by the semiempirical CINDO +...

O. V. Sizova; V. I. Baranovskii; A. I. Panin

172

Intramolecular electron transfer in mixed-valence complexes [(NH3)5Ru-L-Ru(NH3)5]5+ (L = N2, pyz, pym, 4,4-bipy, bpa)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The dynamics of the intramolecular electron transfer from Ru(II) to Ru(III) in binuclear mixed-valence complexes [NH3)5Ru -L-Ru(NH3)5]5+ (L = N2, pyz, bipy, pym, bpa) is analyzed by the semiempiri...

O. V. Sizova; V. I. Baranovskii; A. I. Panin

2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

The SEMATECH Berkeley MET: demonstration of 15-nm half-pitch in chemically amplified EUV resist and sensitivity of EUV resists at 6.x-nm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EUV develoment beyond 22-nm half pitch. Proc. of SPIE, 7636(learning to 16-nm half pitch. Proc. of SPIE 7969. 79690R(demonstration of 15-nm half-pitch in chemically ampli?ed EUV

Anderson, Christopher

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Preliminary Estimates of Specific Discharge and TransportVelocities near Borehole NC-EWDP-24PB  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes fluid electrical conductivity (FEC)and thermal logging data collected in Borehole NC-EWDP-24PB, locatedapproximately 15 km south of the proposed repository at Yucca Mountain.Preliminary analyses of a small fraction of the FEC and temperature dataindicate that relatively large, localized fluid fluxes are likely toexist at this location. The implication that considerable flow is inducedby small gradients, and that flow is highly localized, is significant forthe estimation of groundwater transport velocities and radionuclidetravel times. The sensitivity of the data to potential perturbationsduring testing (i.e., internal wellbore flow in the case of FEC data, andbuoyancy effects in the case of thermal logging data) make it difficultto conclusively derive fluid fluxes and transport velocities without adetailed analysis of all data and processes involved. Such acomprehensive analysis has not yet been performed. However, thepreliminary results suggest that the ambient component of the estimatedflow rates is significant and on the order of liters per minute, yieldinggroundwater transport velocities in the range of kilometers per year. Oneparticular zone in the Bullfrog tuff exhibits estimated velocities on theorder of 10 km/yr. Given that the preliminary estimates of ambient flowrates and transport velocities are relatively high, and considering thepotential impact of high rates and velocities on saturated-zone flow andtransport behavior, we recommend that a comprehensive analysis of all theavailable data be performed. Moreover, additional data sets at otherlocations should be collected to examine whether the current data set isrepresentative of the regional flow system near YuccaMountain.

Freifeld, Barry; Doughty, Christine; Finsterle, Stefan

2006-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

175

Presented in Concord, Merrimack and West Lebanon, NH by the UNHCE Geospatial Outreach Program ArcGIS Workshops Fall 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Drivers Permit 10 1-day, 9am to 4pm To be announced Topics covered: ArcGIS 10 Exploring GIS maps Basic GIS Lebanon, NH December 4-6, Merrimack, NH Topics covered: ArcGIS 10 Creating GIS maps GIS techniques GIS and applications, participants learn how to use ArcGIS 10 to produce effective maps, edit and create GIS data

New Hampshire, University of

176

CHNG 5 CHNG TRNH KHI PHC SM XUT: PHT TRIN V NH GI CC GII PHP ...............................................................................................................................................................1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lng Môi Trng(CEQ) v vic thc hin Chính Sách Lut Môi Trng Quc Gia (NEPA) cng hng dn các t chc nghiên cu hp lý nu áp ng c mc tiêu và yêu cu ra, khôi phc hoc làm tng cht lng môi trng nhân sinh, và phòng tránh hoc gim thiu các hiu ng tiêu cc t hành ng ca các t chc ti cht lng môi trng nhân sinh (40 C

177

Zuni Mountains Nm Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Zuni Mountains Nm Geothermal Area Zuni Mountains Nm Geothermal Area Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Resource Area: Zuni Mountains Nm Geothermal Area Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and Infrastructure 3 Regulatory and Environmental Issues 4 Exploration History 5 Well Field Description 6 Geology of the Area 7 Geofluid Geochemistry 8 NEPA-Related Analyses (0) 9 Exploration Activities (2) 10 References Area Overview Geothermal Area Profile Location: New Mexico Exploration Region: Other GEA Development Phase: 2008 USGS Resource Estimate Mean Reservoir Temp: Estimated Reservoir Volume: Mean Capacity: Click "Edit With Form" above to add content History and Infrastructure Operating Power Plants: 0 No geothermal plants listed. Add a new Operating Power Plant

178

Federal Asian Pacific American Council - New Mexico Chapter Albuquerque, NM  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Asian Pacific American Council - New Mexico Chapter Albuquerque, NM Asian Pacific American Council - New Mexico Chapter Albuquerque, NM | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Federal Asian Pacific American Council - New Mexico Chapter Albuquerque, NM Home > About Us > Our Locations > Albuquerque Complex > Federal Asian Pacific American Council - New ...

179

High Power 938nm Cladding Pumped Fiber Laser  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have developed a Nd:doped cladding pumped fiber amplifier, which operates at 938nm with greater than 2W of output power. The core co-dopants were specifically chosen to enhance emission at 938nm. The fiber was liquid nitrogen cooled in order to achieve four-level laser operation on a laser transition that is normally three level at room temperature, thus permitting efficient cladding pumping of the amplifier. Wavelength selective attenuation was induced by bending the fiber around a mandrel, which permitted near complete suppression of amplified spontaneous emission at 1088nm. We are presently seeking to scale the output of this laser to 10W. We will discuss the fiber and laser design issues involved in scaling the laser to the 10W power level and present our most recent results.

Dawson, J; Beach, R; Brobshoff, A; Liao, Z; Payne, S; Pennington, D; Taylor, L; Hackenberg, W; Bonaccini, D

2002-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

180

Understanding Sub-20nm Breakdown Behavior of Liquid Dielectrics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nanoscale confinement of dielectric molecules is expected to influence their breakdown mechanism in applications such as nanoprobe based machining, molecular electronics, and other related technologies. This Letter presents the first experimental study of the breakdown of nonpolar, nonthiolated liquid dielectrics in the nanometer regime and develops a field emission assisted avalanche based approach to model such behavior. The studies show that dielectric breakdown in the sub-20nm regime is independent of the cathode materials and is dominated by the electron emission and atomic cluster migration due to the sub-20nm scale confinement of the liquid dielectric.

Kumar R. Virwani; Ajay P. Malshe; Kamlakar P. Rajurkar

2007-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nh nm nc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

mail: Sitterson Hall CB3175, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3175; phone: (919) 962-1700; email: lastname@cs.unc.edu.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

mail: Sitterson Hall CB3175, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3175; phone: (919) 962-1700; email: lastname and to swim around as the user moves. In a 1986 paper on Adaptive Refinement, Bergman, Fuchs, Grant, and Spach

Bishop, Gary

182

Sequence and annotation of the 369-kb NY-2A and the 345-kb AR158 viruses that infect Chlorella NC64A  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sequence and annotation of the 369-kb NY-2A and the 345-kb AR158 viruses that infect Chlorella NC64, unicellular, eukaryotic, chlorella-like green alga, Chlorella NC64A. The 368,683-bp genome of NY-2A and the 344,690-bp genome of AR158 are the two largest chlorella virus genomes sequenced to date; NY-2A

Graves, Michael V.

183

Laser ablation of nanoscale particles with 193 nm light  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Laser ablation of nanoscale particles with 193 nm light Laser ablation of nanoscale particles with 193 nm light Title Laser ablation of nanoscale particles with 193 nm light Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2007 Authors Choi, Jong Hyun, Donald Lucas, and Catherine P. Koshland Journal Journal of Physics: Conference Series Volume 59 Start Page 54 Issue 1 Pagination 54-59 Abstract Laser interaction with nanoscale particles is distinct and different from laser-bulk material interaction, where a hot plasma is normally created. Here, we review our studies on 193 nm laser ablation of various nanoscale particles including NaCl, soot, polystyrene, and gold. The 20 ns laser beam with fluences up to 0.3 J/cm2 irradiates nanoparticles in a gas stream at laser repetition rates from 10 to 100 Hz. The particle size distributions before and after irradiation are measured with a scanning mobility particle sizer (SMPS), and particle morphology is examined with electron microscopy. All the nanomaterials studied exhibit a similar disintegration pattern and similar particle formation characteristics. No broadband emission associated with particle heating or optical breakdown is observed. The nanoparticles formed after irradiation have a smaller mean diameter and an order of magnitude higher number concentration with a more spherical shape compared to the original particles. We use the photon-atom ratio (PAR) to interpret the laser-particle interaction energetics.

184

DNA Damage Induced by 193-nm Radiation in Mammalian Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...States Department of Energy. Irene E. Kochevar...and, therefore, the nuclear DNA in tissue will be...and, therefore, the nuclear DNA in tissue will be...States Depart ment of Energy. 2To whom requests for...nm (14). In cells, nuclear DNA will be partially...

Irene E. Kochevar; Agnes A. Walsh; Howard A. Green; Margaret Sherwood; Alice G. Shih; and Betsy M. Sutherland

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Ca II 854.2 nm BISECTORS AND CIRCUMFACULAR REGIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Active regions appear bright in Ca II 854.2 nm line core intensity while the surrounding areas, referred to as circumfacular regions, are darker than the active region or the quiet Sun. We use Synoptic Optical Long-term Investigations of the Sun Vector Spectromagnetograph Ca II 854.2 nm data (photospheric and chromospheric full disk magnetograms as well as high spectral resolution Stokes I and V profiles) to study the connection between magnetic canopies, circumfacular regions, and Ca II 854.2 nm bisector amplitudes (spans). The line bisector amplitude is reduced in circumfacular regions, where the 3 minute period power in chromospheric H{alpha} intensity oscillations is also reduced relative to the surrounding quiet Sun. The latter is consistent with magnetic canopies in circumfacular regions suppressing upward propagating steepening acoustic waves. Our results provide further strong evidence for shock waves as the cause of the inverse C-shaped bisector and explain the observed solar cycle variation of the shape and amplitude of Sun-as-a-star Ca II 854.2 nm bisectors.

Pietarila, A.; Harvey, J. W. [National Solar Observatory, 950 N. Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States)] [National Solar Observatory, 950 N. Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States)

2013-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

186

General Working Principles of CH3NH3PbX3 Perovskite Solar Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

General Working Principles of CH3NH3PbX3 Perovskite Solar Cells ... Organometal halide perovskite-based solar cells have recently realized large conversion efficiency over 15% showing great promise for a new large scale cost-competitive photovoltaic technology. ... Using impedance spectroscopy measurements we are able to separate the physical parameters of carrier transport and recombination in working devices of the two principal morphologies and compositions of perovskite solar cells, viz. ...

Victoria Gonzalez-Pedro; Emilio J. Juarez-Perez; Waode-Sukmawati Arsyad; Eva M. Barea; Francisco Fabregat-Santiago; Ivan Mora-Sero; Juan Bisquert

2014-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

187

File:INL-geothermal-nm.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

nm.pdf nm.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage New Mexico Geothermal Resources Size of this preview: 466 × 599 pixels. Other resolution: 467 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(3,727 × 4,791 pixels, file size: 1.5 MB, MIME type: application/pdf) Description New Mexico Geothermal Resources Sources Idaho National Laboratory Authors Patrick Laney; Julie Brizzee Related Technologies Geothermal Creation Date 2003-11-01 Extent State Countries United States UN Region Northern America States New Mexico File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 12:41, 16 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 12:41, 16 December 2010 3,727 × 4,791 (1.5 MB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated upload from NREL's "mapsearch" data

188

The SEMATECH Berkeley MET: extending EUV learning to 16-nm half pitch  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EUV learning to 16-nm half pitch Christopher N. Anderson 1 ,optimized for 18-nm half pitch. Five chemically ampli?edEUV develoment beyond 22-nm half pitch. Proc. of SPIE, 7636(

Anderson, Christopher N.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

The SEMATECH Berkeley MET pushing EUV development beyond 22-nm half pitch  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EUV development beyond 22-nm half pitch Patrick Naulleau,]to approximately 22-nm half pitch resolution. However,of this tool to half pitches of 18 nm and below, This

Naulleau, P.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Measurement and Modeling of Spatial NH3 Storage Distributions in a Commercial Small Port Cu Zeolite Urea SCR Catalyst  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A modified Spaci-IR technique can measure transient NH3 and NOx concentrations; data have been used to calibrate and validate an SCR model, with good agreement between experiments and simulations.

191

SPECTROSCOPIC INVESTIGATION OF (NH4)2S TREATED GaSeTe FOR RADIATION DETECTOR APPLICATIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The surface of the layered III-VI chalcogenide semiconductor GaSeTe was treated with (NH{sub 4}){sub 2}S at 60 C to modify the surface chemistry and determine the effect on transport properties. Room temperature photoluminescence (PL) measurements were used to assess the effect of the (NH{sub 4}){sub 2}S treatment on surface defect states. Evaluation of the subsequent surface chemistry was performed with high-resolution core-level photoemission measurements. Metal overlayers were deposited on the (NH{sub 4}){sub 2}S treated surfaces and the I-V characteristics were measured. The measurements were correlated to understand the effect of (NH{sub 4}){sub 2}S modification of the interfacial electronic structure with the goal of optimizing the metal/GaSeTe interface for radiation detector devices.

Nelson, A; Laurence, T; Conway, A; Behymer, E; Sturm, B; Voss, L; Nikolic, R; Payne, S; Mertiri, A; Pabst, G; Mandal, K; Burger, A

2009-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

192

Ion transport in sub-5-nm graphene nanopores  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Graphene nanopore is a promising device for single molecule sensing, including DNA bases, as its single atom thickness provides high spatial resolution. To attain high sensitivity, the size of the molecule should be comparable to the pore diameter. However, when the pore diameter approaches the size of the molecule, ion properties and dynamics may deviate from the bulk values and continuum analysis may not be accurate. In this paper, we investigate the static and dynamic properties of ions with and without an external voltage drop in sub-5-nm graphene nanopores using molecular dynamics simulations. Ion concentration in graphene nanopores sharply drops from the bulk concentration when the pore radius is smaller than 0.9nm. Ion mobility in the pore is also smaller than bulk ion mobility due to the layered liquid structure in the pore-axial direction. Our results show that a continuum analysis can be appropriate when the pore radius is larger than 0.9nm if pore conductivity is properly defined. Since many applications of graphene nanopores, such as DNA and protein sensing, involve ion transport, the results presented here will be useful not only in understanding the behavior of ion transport but also in designing bio-molecular sensors.

Suk, Myung E.; Aluru, N. R., E-mail: aluru@illinois.edu [Department of Mechanical Science and Engineering, Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States)

2014-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

193

Baryons and Low-Density Baryonic Matter in 1+1 Dimensional Large N_c QCD with Heavy Quarks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper studies baryons and baryonic matter in the combined large N_c and heavy quark mass limits of QCD in 1+1 dimension. In this non-relativistic limit, baryons are composed of N_c quarks that interact, at leading order in N_c, through a color Coulomb potential. Using variational techniques, very accurate calculations of single baryon masses and interaction energies of low-density baryon crystal are performed. These results are used to cross-check a general numerical approach applicable for arbitrary quark masses and baryon densities recently proposed by Bringoltz, which is based on a lattice in a finite box with periodic boundary conditions. The Bringoltz method differs from a previous approach of Salcedo, et al. in its treatment of a finite box effect - namely gauge configurations that wind around the box. One might expect these effects to be small for large enough boxes, in which the baryon density approaches zero to high accuracy at the edges. However, the effects of these windings appear to be quite large even in such boxes. The large mass infinite volume calculations performed here are consistent with the results of numerical calculations using the Bringoltz method. The calculation of the baryon crystal interaction energy requires the assumption that at low-densities the ground state is composed of individual baryons, each in a color-singlet state and orthogonal to each other. This assumption is plausible but ad hoc in that one can construct configurations in which the entire state is color-singlet but cannot be broken into individual color-singlet baryons. The interaction energy of low-density baryon crystals calculated with the assumption is consistent with numerical results based on Bringoltz's approach suggesting that the assumption is justified. This further supports a similar assumption that was made in 3+1 dimensions, where no alternative means of calculation exist.

Prabal Adhikari; Thomas D. Cohen; Arec Jamgochian; Nilay Kumar

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

194

RELATIVISTIC CALCULATION OF TRANSITION PROBABILITIES FOR 557.7 nm AND 297.2 nm EMISSION LINES IN OXYGEN  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The 557.7 nm green line and the 297.2 nm ultraviolet line in oxygen have been studied extensively due to their importance in astrophysics and atmospheric science. Despite the enormous effort devoted to these two prominent transition lines over 30 years, and in fact going back to 1934, the ratio of their transition probabilities remains a subject of major discrepancies amongst various theoretical calculations for many decades. Moreover, theoretical results are inconsistent with available laboratory results, as well as recent spacecraft measurements of Earth's airglow. This work presents new relativistic theoretical calculations of the transition probabilities of these two photoemission lines from neutral oxygen using the multi-configuration Dirac-Hartree-Fock method. Our calculations were performed in both length and velocity gauges in order to check for accuracy and consistency, with agreement to 8%. Whilst remaining a challenging computation, these results directly bear upon interpretations of plasma processes and ionization regimes in the universe.

Chantler, C. T.; Nguyen, T. V. B.; Lowe, J. A. [School of Physics, University of Melbourne (Australia); Grant, I. P., E-mail: chantler@unimelb.edu.au [Mathematical Institute, Oxford University, Oxford (United Kingdom)

2013-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

195

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- LASL Land Parcels A B C E K LN PL - NM  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Land Parcels A B C E K LN PL - Land Parcels A B C E K LN PL - NM 07 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: LASL LAND PARCELS A, B, C, E, K, LN, PL (NM.07 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Los Alamos County , New Mexico NM.07-2 Evaluation Year: 1986 NM.07-1 Site Operations: No specific operations identified for these tracts of land. NM.07-1 NM.07-2 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Radiation levels below criteria. Declared as surplus real property and offered for public sale in 1972. NM.07-1 NM.07-2 Radioactive Materials Handled: None Specifically Indicated NM.07-1 NM.07-2 Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: None Specifically Indicated Radiological Survey(s): Yes NM.07-2 Site Status: Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP

196

Immunosuppressive effects of fisetin against dinitrofluorobenzene-induced atopic dermatitis-like symptoms in NC/Nga mice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a multifactorial chronic skin disorder that is increasing in prevalence globally. In NC/Nga mice, repetitive epicutaneous applications of 2-4-dinitrofluorobenzene (DNFB) induces AD-like clinical symptoms. Bioflanonol fisetin (3,7,3?,4?-tetrahydroxyflavone) is a dietary component found in plants, fruits and vegetables. Fisetin has various physiological effects that include anti-oxidation, anti-angiogenesis, anti-carcinogenesis and anti-inflammation. In this study, we investigated whether fisetin relieves AD-like clinical symptoms induced by repeated DNFB treatment in NC/Nga mice. Fisetin significantly inhibited infiltration of inflammatory cells including eosinophils, mast cells and CD4+ T and CD8+ T cells, and suppressed the expressions of cytokines and chemokines associated with dermal infiltrates in AD-like skin lesions. Total serum immunoglobulin E (IgE) levels and the ratio of phospho-NF-?B p65 to total NF-?B p65 were markedly reduced by fisetin. Fisetin also reduced the production of interferon-gamma and interleukin-4 by activated CD4+ T cells in a dose-dependent manner, whereas the anti-inflammatory cytokine, interleukin-10 was increased. These results implicate fisetin as a potential therapeutic for AD.

Gun-Dong Kim; Seung Eun Lee; Yong Seek Park; Dong-Hoon Shin; Gwi Gun Park; Cheung-Seog Park

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

High rate (?3 nm/s) deposition of dense silicon nitride films at low substrate temperatures (plasma and substrate biasing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The deposition of amorphous silicon nitride (a-SiNx:H) films at high deposition rates (?3 nm/s) and at low substrate temperatures (plasma technique operated on an ArNH3SiH4 reactant mixture. To increase the atomic density of the films by ion bombardment, low frequency (lf, 400 kHz) and radio-frequency (rf, 13.6 MHz) substrate biasing has been employed during deposition such that the ions are accelerated towards the substrate up to energies of ?250 eV. From spectroscopic ellipsometry and Rutherford backscattering measurements, it is demonstrated that the film density increases with increasing substrate bias even under these high deposition rate conditions. An increase in film atomic density from 7.61022 cm?3 to 8.81022 cm?3 has been observed for rf biasing when going from almost zero substrate bias to a bias voltage of ?250 V. It is shown that this increased film density reduces the oxygen content in the a-SiNx:H caused by post-deposition oxygen and/or moisture permeation by more than 50%.

F.J.H. van Assche; W.M.M. Kessels; R. Vangheluwe; W.S. Mischke; M. Evers; M.C.M. van de Sanden

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Public Service Co of NM | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(Redirected from PNM) (Redirected from PNM) Jump to: navigation, search Name Public Service Co of NM Place New Mexico Utility Id 15473 Utility Location Yes Ownership I NERC Location WECC NERC WECC Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png 10A Irrigation 10A Irrigation within Grant, Lincoln, Hidalgo and Otero counties

199

Foam-buffered spherical implosions at 527 nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Creation of a low density, high temperature plasma buffer between the absorption and ablation layers of a directly driven inertial confinement fusion implosion capsule has been proposed as a means to reduce {open_quotes}early time{close_quotes} imprint from laser nonuniformities. This thermal smoothing blanket might be created from a low density foam layer wrapped around the deuterium{endash}tritium filled microballoon. Preliminary spherical implosion tests of this concept using a polystyrene foam layer surrounding a glass microballoon were performed at the Nova laser [Rev. Sci. Instrum. {bold 57}, 2101 (1986)], using a 527 nm drive wavelength. Comparison of capsule yield and imploded core symmetry showed promising improvements in overall target performance, relative to one-dimensional undegraded hydrodynamic simulations, when the foam-buffer layer was present. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

Watt, R.G.; Wilson, D.C.; Chrien, R.E.; Hollis, R.V.; Gobby, P.L.; Mason, R.J.; Kopp, R.A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)] [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Lerche, R.A.; Kalantar, D.H.; MacGowan, B.; Nelson, M.B.; Phillips, T. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94551 (United States)] [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94551 (United States); McKenty, P.W. [University of Rochester, Laboratory for Laser Energetics, Rochester, New York 14627 (United States)] [University of Rochester, Laboratory for Laser Energetics, Rochester, New York 14627 (United States); Willi, O. [Imperial College of Science and Technology, London (United Kingdom)] [Imperial College of Science and Technology, London (United Kingdom)

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessment for the SNL/NM cafeterias.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessment (PPOA) was conducted for the two Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico cafeteria facilities between May and August 2005. The primary purpose of this PPOA is to assess waste and resource reduction opportunities and issue Pollution Prevention (P2) recommendations for Sandia's food service facilities. This PPOA contains recommendations for energy, water and resource reduction, as well as material substitution based upon environmentally preferable purchasing. Division 3000 has requested the PPOA report as part of the Division's compliance effort to implement the Environmental Management System (EMS) per DOE Order 450.1. This report contains a summary of the information collected and analyses performed with recommended options for implementation. The SNL/NM P2 Group will work with Division 3000 and the respective cafeteria facilities to implement these options.

McCord, Samuel Adam

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nh nm nc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Correlating Pulses from Two Spitfire, 800nm Lasers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The E163 laser acceleration experiments conducted at SLAC have stringent requirements on the temporal properties of two regeneratively amplified, 800nm, Spitfire laser systems. To determine the magnitude and cause of timing instabilities between the two Ti:Sapphire amplifiers, we pass the two beams through a cross-correlator and focus the combined beam onto a Hamamatsu G1117 photodiode. The photodiode has a bandgap such that single photon processes are suppressed and only the second order, two-photon process produces an observable response. The response is proportional to the square of the intensity. The diode is also useful as a diagnostic to determine the optimal configuration of the compression cavity.

Colby, Eric R.; Mcguinness, C.; Zacherl, W.D.; /SLAC; Plettner, T.; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.

2008-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

202

Fabrication of sub-15?nm aluminum wires by controlled etching  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe a method for the fabrication of uniform aluminum nanowires with diameters below 15?nm. Electron beam lithography is used to define narrow wires, which are then etched using a sodium bicarbonate solution, while their resistance is simultaneously measured in-situ. The etching process can be stopped when the desired resistance is reached, and can be restarted at a later time. The resulting nanowires show a superconducting transition as a function of temperature and magnetic field that is consistent with their smaller diameter. The width of the transition is similar to that of the lithographically defined wires, indicating that the etching process is uniform and that the wires are undamaged. This technique allows for precise control over the normal state resistance and can be used to create a variety of aluminum nanodevices.

Morgan-Wall, T.; Hughes, H. J.; Hartman, N.; Markovi?, N. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21218 (United States); McQueen, T. M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21218 (United States); Department of Chemistry, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21218 (United States)

2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

203

High power terahertz generation using 1550?nm plasmonic photomixers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a 1550?nm plasmonic photomixer operating under pumping duty cycles below 10%, which offers significantly higher terahertz radiation power levels compared to previously demonstrated photomixers. The record-high terahertz radiation powers are enabled by enhancing the device quantum efficiency through use of plasmonic contact electrodes, and by mitigating thermal breakdown at high optical pump power levels through use of a low duty cycle optical pump. The repetition rate of the optical pump can be specifically selected at a given pump duty cycle to control the spectral linewidth of the generated terahertz radiation. At an average optical pump power of 150 mW with a pump modulation frequency of 1 MHz and pump duty cycle of 2%, we demonstrate up to 0.8 mW radiation power at 1 THz, within each continuous wave radiation cycle.

Berry, Christopher W. [Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States); Hashemi, Mohammad R.; Jarrahi, Mona [Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States); Electrical Engineering Department, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States); Preu, Sascha [Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology, Technical University Darmstadt, D-64283 Darmstadt (Germany); Lu, Hong; Gossard, Arthur C. [Materials Department, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)

2014-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

204

Public Service Co of NM | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Jump to: navigation, search Name Public Service Co of NM Place New Mexico Utility Id 15473 Utility Location Yes Ownership I NERC Location WECC NERC WECC Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png 10A Irrigation 10A Irrigation within Grant, Lincoln, Hidalgo and Otero counties 10B Irrigation TOU

205

Word Pro - Untitled1  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Annual Energy Review 2011 TX CA FL LA IL OH PA NY GA IN MI NC VA NJ TN WA KY AL MO MN WI SC OK CO IA MD AZ MA MS KS AR OR NE UT CT WV NM NV AK WY ID ND ME MT SD NH HI...

206

U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Energy Outlook...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Supply Model Regions Atlantic WA MT WY ID NV UT CO AZ NM TX OK IA KS MO IL IN KY TN MS AL FL GA SC NC WV PA NJ MD DE NY CT ME RI MA NH VA WI MI OH NE SD MN ND AR LA OR CA VT...

207

F-5 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Energy Outlook...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Supply Model Regions Atlantic WA MT WY ID NV UT CO AZ NM TX OK IA KS MO IL IN KY TN MS AL FL GA SC NC WV PA NJ MD DE NY CT ME RI MA NH VA WI MI OH NE SD MN ND AR LA OR CA VT...

208

U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Energy Outlook...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

East North Central Mountain AK WA MT WY ID NV UT CO AZ NM TX OK IA KS MO IL IN KY TN MS AL FL GA SC NC WV PA NJ MD DE NY CT VT ME RI MA NH VA WI MI OH NE SD MN ND AR LA OR CA HI...

209

padd map  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

for Defense Districts AK HI WA OR CA NV AZ MT WY CO UT ID ND SD NE KS OK MO MN WI MI IL IN OH KY TN IA NM TX AR LA AL MS WV VA NC SC GA FL ME NH VT NY PA NJ MD DE MA CT RI...

210

Microsoft Word - figure_99.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Liquids Production." IN OH TN WV VA KY MD PA NY VT NH MA CT ME RI DE DC NC SC GA FL NJ AL MS LA MO AR TX NM OK CO KS UT AZ WY NE IL IA MN WI ND SD ID MT WA OR NV CA HI AK MI Gulf...

211

U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Energy Outlook...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AZ OR CA HI V MT WY ID UT CO IV OK IA KS MO IL IN KY TN WI MI OH NE SD MN ND II NM TX MS AL AR LA III NJ CT VT ME RI MA NH FL GA SC NC WV MD DE VA NY PA I PAD District I - East...

212

Two-photon optical pumping of NH/sub 3/ in a multipass cell  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A multipass cell was used in optical pumping of ammonia molecules by CO/sub 2/ laser radiation. Several new lasing lines were observed in the case of two-photon optical pumping of the NH/sub 3/ molecule at wavelengths in the range 16--35 ..mu... The output power of the various lines was in the range 10--50 kW. The divergence of the resultant radiation was diffraction-limited. A theoretical study was made of the two-photon pumping process. A stable (on the frequency scale) maximum was found in the gain profile of the output radiation. It was concluded that it should be possible to increase the energy and extend the emission spectrum of an ammonia laser pumped by double-photon absorption.

Bobrovskii, A.N.; Kiselev, V.P.; Kozhevnikov, A.V.; Likhanskii, V.V.; Mishchenko, V.A.; Myl'nikov, G.D.

1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

North Carolina State University, Campus Box 7409, Raleigh, NC 27695 | 919-513-7831 | www.nccleantech.ncsu.edu 9/17/12 Advancing Clean Energy for a Sustainable Economy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.nccleantech.ncsu.edu 9/17/12 Advancing Clean Energy for a Sustainable Economy Clean Transportation | www.nccleantech.ncsu.edu Clean Fuel Advanced Technology (CFAT) 2010-2012: Iredell County Sheriff Propane (LPG) Vehicle Summary Clean Fuel Advanced Technology (CFAT) Project 2006-2012: Administered by the NC Solar Center at NC State

214

Wind Energy | www.ncsc.ncsu.edu North Carolina State University, Campus Box 7401, Raleigh, NC 27695 | 1 919-515-3480 | www.ncsc.ncsu.edu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wind Energy | www.ncsc.ncsu.edu North Carolina State University, Campus Box 7401, Raleigh, NC 27695 | 1 919-515-3480 | www.ncsc.ncsu.edu U.S. Wind Industry Wind energy development is growing rapidly in the United States, with utility scale projects installed in 37 states as of 2010. The U.S. wind energy

215

Resonant tunneling with high peak to valley current ratio in SiO{sub 2}/nc-Si/SiO{sub 2} multi-layers at room temperature  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have investigated carrier transport in SiO{sub 2}/nc-Si/SiO{sub 2} multi-layers by room temperature current-voltage measurements. Resonant tunneling signatures accompanied by current peaks are observed. Carrier transport in the multi-layers were analyzed by plots of ln(I/V{sup 2}) as a function of 1/V and ln(I) as a function of V{sup 1/2}. Results suggest that besides films quality, nc-Si and barrier sub-layer thicknesses are important parameters that restrict carrier transport. When thicknesses are both small, direct tunneling dominates carrier transport, resonant tunneling occurs only at certain voltages and multi-resonant tunneling related current peaks can be observed but with peak to valley current ratio (PVCR) values smaller than 1.5. When barrier thickness is increased, trap-related and even high field related tunneling is excited, causing that multi-current peaks cannot be observed clearly, only one current peak with higher PVCR value of 7.7 can be observed. While if the thickness of nc-Si is large enough, quantum confinement is not so strong, a broad current peak with PVCR value as high as 60 can be measured, which may be due to small energy difference between the splitting energy levels in the quantum dots of nc-Si. Size distribution in a wide range may cause un-controllability of the peak voltages.

Chen, D. Y., E-mail: cdy7659@126.com [Department of Physics, Nanjing National Laboratory of Microstructures and Key Laboratory of Advanced Photonic and Electronic, materials, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Nanjing University of posts and Telecommunications, Nanjing 210046 (China); Sun, Y.; He, Y. J. [Nanjing University of posts and Telecommunications, Nanjing 210046 (China); Xu, L.; Xu, J. [Department of Physics, Nanjing National Laboratory of Microstructures and Key Laboratory of Advanced Photonic and Electronic, materials, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China)

2014-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

216

North Carolina State University, Campus Box 7401, Raleigh, NC 27695 | 1 919-515-3480 | www.ncsc.ncsu.edu 2012 Instructions for Site Assessment Request  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cost / benefit analysis of recommended renewable energy systems for your business, along with financing sug- gestions. Potential renewable energy technologies include the following and more: solar PV, solar? An experienced energy engineer from the North Carolina Solar Center at NC State University will conduct your

217

Energy Policy Program | www.nccleantech.ncsu.edu North Carolina State University, Campus Box 7409, Raleigh, NC 27695 | 919-515-3480 | www.nccleantech.ncsu.edu 2014  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Credit (ITC) The federal government provides a tax credit worth 30 percent of the full installed costs Renewable Energy Tax Credit North Carolina offers a tax credit of 35percent of the cost of renewable energy projects, note that the N.C. tax credit also applies to wind, hydroelectric, biomass, geothermal

218

June M. Merlino, Training & Organizational Development Consultant June Merlino joined NC State in April 2010 and currently serves as a training and organizational  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

organizational and leadership development consultant/coach supporting with change, learning strategies and talentJune M. Merlino, Training & Organizational Development Consultant June Merlino joined NC State in April 2010 and currently serves as a training and organizational development consultant. June offers

219

10{times} reduction imaging at 13.4nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A Schwarzschild imaging system has been designed to achieve 0.1 {mu}m resolution in a 0.4 mm diameter field of view when operated at a center wavelength of 13.4 nm. A decentered aperture is located on the convex primary resulting in an unobstructed numerical aperture of 0.08 and a corresponding depth of field of {plus_minus} 1 {mu}m. The Schwarzschild imaging objective is part of a five-reflection system containing the laser plasma source (LPS), condensing optics, turning mirror and reflection mask as shown in Figure 1. Extreme ultraviolet (EUV) radiation is generated by impinging a laser beam onto a copper target. The plasma source is driven by a Lambda Physik PLX 250 KrF excimer laser emitting 0.6 Joule, 20 ns pulses at a 200 Hz maximum repetition rate. Measurements of the source indicate that the full-width-half-maximum diameter is less than 100 {mu}m.

Tichenor, D.A.; Kubiak, G.D.; Malinowski, M.E. [Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (United States)] [and others

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

FY09 assessment of mercury reduction at SNL/NM.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This assessment takes the result of the FY08 performance target baseline of mercury at Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico, and records the steps taken in FY09 to collect additional data, encourage the voluntary reduction of mercury, and measure success. Elemental (metallic) mercury and all of its compounds are toxic, and exposure to excessive levels can permanently damage or fatally injure the brain and kidneys. Elemental mercury can also be absorbed through the skin and cause allergic reactions. Ingestion of inorganic mercury compounds can cause severe renal and gastrointestinal damage. Organic compounds of mercury such as methyl mercury, created when elemental mercury enters the environment, are considered the most toxic forms of the element. Exposures to very small amounts of these compounds can result in devastating neurological damage and death.1 SNL/NM is required to report annually on the site wide inventory of mercury for the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) Program, as the site's inventory is excess of the ten pound reportable threshold quantity. In the fiscal year 2008 (FY08) Pollution Prevention Program Plan, Section 5.3 Reduction of Environmental Releases, a performance target stated was to establish a baseline of mercury, its principle uses, and annual quantity or inventory. This was accomplished on July 29, 2008 by recording the current status of mercury in the Chemical Information System (CIS).

McCord, Samuel Adam

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nh nm nc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- LASL Tracks Eastern Area No 3 - NM 10  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Tracks Eastern Area No 3 - NM Tracks Eastern Area No 3 - NM 10 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: LASL TRACKS EASTERN AREA NO. 3 (NM.10 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Area No. 3 , Los Alamos County , New Mexico NM.10-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 NM.10-2 Site Operations: These tracts were part of LASL and were subject to contamination from laboratory operations. NM.10-2 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Radiation levels below criteria per environmental radiation survey NM.10-3 Radioactive Materials Handled: None Indicated Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: None Indicated Radiological Survey(s): Yes NM.10-3 Site Status: Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Also see Documents Related to LASL TRACKS EASTERN AREA NO. 3

222

Geothermal Electric Plant Planned in N.M. | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Geothermal Electric Plant Planned in N.M. Geothermal Electric Plant Planned in N.M. July 3, 2008 - 3:57pm Addthis Publicly traded Raser Technologies Inc. of Provo, Utah, said...

223

EUV actinic defect inspection and defect printability at the sub-32 nm half pitch  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at the Sub-32 run Half-pitch Sungmin Huha, Patrick Kearneya,below the 32 nm half-pitch node. Phase defect printabilityfor the sub-32 nm half-pitch technology node. Defect

Huh, Sungmin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution Print Wednesday, 31 August 2005 00:00...

225

Closed-loop control of a SCR system using a NOx sensor cross-sensitive to NH3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Closed-loop control of a SCR system using a NOx sensor cross-sensitive to NH3 A.Bonfils , Y. Creff for an automotive selective catalytic reduction (SCR) system, for which the feedback is based on a NOx sensor the variety of en- countered technologies, selective catalytic reduction (SCR) is one of the most appealing

226

Adapted from laboratory protocols of the Center for Freshwater Biology, University of New Hampshire, Durham, N.H. 2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Durham, N.H. 2010 UNH CFB Protocol for the Monitoring of Cyanobacteria & Microcystins in Drinking Water delivery to UNH CFB lab. 5. Freeze the sample if delivery/ drop-off time exceeds 12 hours. Analyses: a, Quantiplate-ELISA Kit, (Portland, Me) with increased sensitivity (UNH, CFB). Results will be reported as ng

New Hampshire, University of

227

Effects of \\{NH4Cl\\} and MgCl2 on pretreatment and xylan hydrolysis of miscanthus straw  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study investigated the effects of \\{NH4Cl\\} and MgCl2 on pretreatment and xylan hydrolysis of miscanthus straw for biofuels production. It was observed that increasing the pretreatment temperature decreased the remaining solid, increased the enzymatic digestibility, and increased the xylan removal. When 0.25.0% \\{NH4Cl\\} and MgCl2 were employed in pretreatments, increasing the inorganic salt concentration slightly diminished the remaining solid, though the enzymatic digestibility was enhanced. Under the higher-than-2% condition, no xylan remained in the solid residues after pretreatment. With pretreatment time, the remaining solid slightly decreased, but the enzymatic digestibility was increased. Moreover, xylan removal was linearly increased to 15min, after which it was completely hydrolyzed. Overall, these results indicated that pretreatment by 2% \\{NH4Cl\\} or MgCl2 at 185C for 15min completely hydrolyzes the xylan of miscanthus straw. In scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images, the physical surface of the miscanthus straw showed an apparently damaged surface area and exposure of the internal structure after pretreatment with \\{NH4Cl\\} and MgCl2 by SEM.

Kyeong Eop Kang; Don-Hee Park; Gwi-Taek Jeong

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Coal ash as an absorbent to remove SO2, and its activity change in NO?NH3 reaction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

After being activated with NaOH aqueous solution, coal ash showed a maximal sorption capacity of about...3 SO2/g ash. Catalytic activity of coal ash for the NO?NH3 reaction was gradually depressed by the presence...

F. Nozaki; O. Watanabe; T. Sodesawa

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Presented in Lee and Concord, NH by the UNHCE Geospatial Outreach Program ArcGIS Workshops Winter 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 9am to 4pm January 17, 2013 Lee, NH Topics covered: ArcGIS 10.1 Exploring GIS maps Basic GIS: ArcGIS 10 Creating GIS maps.1 GIS techniques GIS data maintenance $495 standard, $349 reduced Skill.1 to produce effective maps, edit and create GIS data, as well as, conduct geospatial analysis. Participants

New Hampshire, University of

230

An AlGaAsGaAs quantum cascade laser operating with a thermoelectric cooler for spectroscopy of NH3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

out using a compact thermo-electrically cooled laser package. The QCL described here is designedAn AlGaAs­GaAs quantum cascade laser operating with a thermoelectric cooler for spectroscopy of NH3. Langford b a Department of Electronics and Electrical Engineering, Rankine Building, University of Glasgow

231

RICE UNIVERSITY 461nm Laser For Studies In Ultracold Neutral Strontium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RICE UNIVERSITY 461nm Laser For Studies In Ultracold Neutral Strontium by Aaron D Saenz A Thesis Houston, Texas July, 2005 #12;ABSTRACT 461nm Laser For Studies In Ultracold Neutral Strontium by Aaron D Saenz A 461 nm laser was constructed for the purposes of studying ultracold neutral strontium

Killian, Thomas C.

232

Inhibition of Progesterone-induced Xenopus Oocyte Maturation by Nm231  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

23 (H118A) that lacks NDP kinase activity does not promote neurite outgrowth and, in fact, suppresses.] Abstract The Nm23 protein has been implicated in a wide variety of biological processes, including whether Nm23 is involved in Xenopus laevis oocyte maturation. We found that Nm23 is present in oocytes

233

Demonstration of an 8.85 nm Gain-Saturated Table-Top Soft X-Ray Laser and Lasing down to 7.4 nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the efficient generation of a gain-saturated 8.85 nm wavelength table-top soft x-ray laser operating at 1 Hz repetition rate and the observation of lasing at wavelengths as short as 7.36 nm in lanthanide ions.

Wang, Yong [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Alessi, David [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Luther, Brad [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Yin, Liang [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Martz, Dale [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Berrill, Mark A [ORNL; Jorge, Rocca [Colorado State University, Fort Collins

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Ion Exclusion by Sub 2-nm Carbon Nanotube Pores  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Carbon nanotubes offer an outstanding platform for studying molecular transport at nanoscale, and have become promising materials for nanofluidics and membrane technology due to their unique combination of physical, chemical, mechanical, and electronic properties. In particular, both simulations and experiments have proved that fluid flow through carbon nanotubes of nanometer size diameter is exceptionally fast compared to what continuum hydrodynamic theories would predict when applied on this length scale, and also, compared to conventional membranes with pores of similar size, such as zeolites. For a variety of applications such as separation technology, molecular sensing, drug delivery, and biomimetics, selectivity is required together with fast flow. In particular, for water desalination, coupling the enhancement of the water flux with selective ion transport could drastically reduce the cost of brackish and seawater desalting. In this work, we study the ion selectivity of membranes made of aligned double-walled carbon nanotubes with sub-2 nm diameter. Negatively charged groups are introduced at the opening of the carbon nanotubes by oxygen plasma treatment. Reverse osmosis experiments coupled with capillary electrophoresis analysis of permeate and feed show significant anion and cation rejection. Ion exclusion declines by increasing ionic strength (concentration) of the feed and by lowering solution pH; also, the highest rejection is observed for the A{sub m}{sup Z{sub A}} C{sub n}{sup Z{sub C}} salts (A=anion, C=cation, z= valence) with the greatest Z{sub A}/Z{sub C} ratio. Our results strongly support a Donnan-type rejection mechanism, dominated by electrostatic interactions between fixed membrane charges and mobile ions, while steric and hydrodynamic effects appear to be less important. Comparison with commercial nanofiltration membranes for water softening reveals that our carbon nanotube membranes provides far superior water fluxes for similar ion rejection capabilities.

Fornasiero, F; Park, H G; Holt, J K; Stadermann, M; Grigoropoulos, C P; Noy, A; Bakajin, O

2008-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

235

Chemical analysis of HfO{sub 2}/Si (100) film systems exposed to NH{sub 3} thermal processing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nitrogen incorporation in HfO{sub 2}/SiO{sub 2} films utilized as high-k gate dielectric layers in advanced metal-oxide-semiconductor field effect transistors has been investigated. Thin HfO{sub 2} blanket films deposited by atomic layer deposition on either SiO{sub 2} or NH{sub 3} treated Si (100) substrates have been subjected to NH{sub 3} and N{sub 2} anneal processing. Several high resolution techniques including electron microscopy with electron energy loss spectra, grazing incidence x-ray diffraction, and synchrotron x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy have been utilized to elucidate chemical composition and crystalline structure differences between samples annealed in NH{sub 3} and N{sub 2} ambients as a function of temperature. Depth profiling of core level binding energy spectra has been obtained by using variable kinetic energy x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy with tunable photon energy. An 'interface effect' characterized by a shift of the Si{sup 4+} feature to lower binding energy at the HfO{sub 2}/SiO{sub 2} interface has been detected in the Si 1s spectra; however, no corresponding chemical state change has been observed in the Hf 4f spectra acquired over a broad range of electron take-off angles and surface sensitivities. The Si 2p spectra indicate Si-N bond formation beneath the HfO{sub 2} layer in the samples exposed to NH{sub 3} anneal. The NH{sub 3} anneal ambient is shown to produce a metastable Hf-N bond component corresponding to temperature driven dissociation kinetics. These findings are consistent with elemental profiles across the HfO{sub 2}/Si(100) interface determined by electron energy loss spectroscopy measurements. X-ray diffraction measurements on similarly treated films identify the structural changes resulting from N incorporation into the HfO{sub 2} films.

Lysaght, Patrick S.; Barnett, Joel; Bersuker, Gennadi I.; Woicik, Joseph C.; Fischer, Daniel A.; Foran, Brendan; Tseng, Hsing-Huang; Jammy, Raj [Front End Process Division, SEMATECH, 2706 Montopolis Drive, Austin, Texas 78741-6499 (United States); National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 (United States); Physical Characterization Laboratory, Advanced Technology Development Facility, 2706 Montopolis Drive, Austin, Texas 78741-6499 (United States); Front End Process Division, SEMATECH, 2706 Montopolis Drive, Austin, Texas 78741-6499 (United States)

2007-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

236

64Cu-1,4,7-Triazacyclononane-1,4-diacetic acid-para-aminobenzoic acid-Gln-Trp-Ala-Val-Gly-His-Leu-Met-NH2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 14). Prasanphanich et al. recently reported that the NOTA-based 64Cu-NOTA-8-Aoc-BBN(7­14) NH2 conjugate (where 8-Aoc = 8-aminooctanoic acid) exhibited decreased accumulation in hepatic tissue and maintain the good pharmacokinetic properties of the 64Cu-NOTA-8-Aoc-BBN(7­14)NH2 conjugate, Lane et al

Levin, Judith G.

237

Measurements of NH3 and CO2 with distributed-feedback diode lasers near 2.0 m in bioreactor vent gases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

absorption transition at 5016.977 cm 1 was selected for trace gas monitoring. For CO2, an isolated transition of a diode-laser sensor used to record gas-phase NH3 and CO2 mole fractions, ex- plain the motivation for NH3 and 40 ppm for CO2, which is suitable for the expected vent gas concentrations. 2. Theory

238

Intramolecular Hydrogen Bonding in Disubstituted Ethanes. A Comparison of NH,,,O-and OH,,,O-Hydrogen Bonding through Conformational Analysis of 4-Amino-4-oxobutanoate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Intramolecular Hydrogen Bonding in Disubstituted Ethanes. A Comparison of NH,,,O- and OH,,,O- Hydrogen Bonding through Conformational Analysis of 4-Amino-4-oxobutanoate (succinamate) and Monohydrogen 1 of amide NH,,,O- and carboxyl OH,,,O- hydrogen bonds were investigated via conformational analysis

Goddard III, William A.

239

Effective hole extraction using MoO{sub x}-Al contact in perovskite CH{sub 3}NH{sub 3}PbI{sub 3} solar cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report an 11.4%-efficient perovskite CH{sub 3}NH{sub 3}PbI{sub 3} solar cell using low-cost molybdenum oxide/aluminum (i.e., MoO{sub x}/Al) as an alternative top contact to replace noble/precious metals (e.g., Au or Ag) for extracting photogenerated holes. The device performance of perovskite solar cells using a MoO{sub x}/Al top contact is comparable to that of cells using the standard Ag top contact. Analysis of impedance spectroscopy measurements suggests that using 10-nm-thick MoO{sub x} and Al does not affect charge-recombination properties of perovskite solar cells. Using a thicker (20-nm) MoO{sub x} layer leads to a lower cell performance caused mainly by a reduced fill factor. Our results suggest that MoO{sub x}/Al is promising as a low-cost and effective hole-extraction contact for perovskite solar cells.

Zhao, Yixin; Nardes, Alexandre M.; Zhu, Kai, E-mail: Kai.Zhu@nrel.gov [Chemical and Materials Science Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado 80401 (United States)

2014-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

240

Effects of Hydrothermal Aging on NH3-SCR reaction over Cu/zeolites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effects of hydrothermal treatment on model Cu/zeolite catalysts were investigated to better understand the nature of Cu species for the selective catalytic reduction of NO{sub x} by NH{sub 3}. After hydrothermal aging at 800 C for 16 h, the NO{sub x} reduction performance of Cu-ZSM-5 and Cu-beta were significantly reduced at low temperatures, while that of Cu-SSZ-13 was not affected. When the zeolite framework aluminum species were probed using solid state {sup 27}Al-NMR, significant reduction in the intensities of the tetrahedral aluminum peak was observed for Cu-ZSM-5 and Cu-beta, although no increase in the intensities of the octahedral aluminum peak was observed. When the redox behavior of Cu species was examined using H{sub 2}-TPR, it was found that Cu{sup 2+} could be reduced to Cu{sup +} and to Cu{sup 0} fir Cu-ZSM-5 and Cu-beta catalysts, while Cu{sup 2+} could be reduced to Cu{sup +} only for Cu-SSZ-13. After hydrothermal aging, CuO and Cu-aluminate species were found to form in Cu-ZSM-5 and Cu-beta, while little changes were observed for Cu-SSZ-13.

Kwak, Ja Hun; Tran, Diana N.; Burton, Sarah D.; Szanyi, Janos; Lee, Jong H.; Peden, Charles HF

2012-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nh nm nc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

nh Gi Thit Hi Ti Nguyn Thin Nhin ca V Trn Du Deepwater Horizon Cc D n Khu Vc  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lng Sò ip Nhm Tng C Hi ánh Bt Gii Trí Trong Vùng Cán Xong Florida s c thc hin Qun Bay (h thng Vnh St Okaloosa và Walton. Lý tng ra thì bng cách thc hin d án này,s lng sò ip ti các a im c can thip cui cùng có th s tng lên ti các mc t duy trì bn vng c cho vic ánh bt gii trí. S lng sò ip các Qun Gulf và

242

Characteristics of V2O5/Ti-PILC catalyst for the reduction of NO by NH3  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Titania-pillared clay (Ti-PILC) as a catalyst support exhibited peculiar physicochemical characteristics compared to that of titania for the reduction of NO by NH3. The morphological variation of Ti-PILC was examined with respect to the preparation method. For the freeze-dried Ti-PILC, the development of needle-like crystallites, which may reveal the formation of a house-of-cards structure by delamination of Ti-PILC, has been observed. Ti-PILC catalyst contains high surface acidity examined by NH3 TPD. Without the impregnation of WO3 and MoO3 on V2O5/Ti-PILC catalyst as a promoter, the catalyst exhibits competitive NO removal performance to a commercial V2O5-WO3/TiO2 catalyst. In addition, Ti-PILC catalyst also exhibits the strong sulfur tolerance mainly attributed to the unique pore structure of the catalyst.

Ho Jeong Chae; In-Sik Nam; Young Gul Kim; Hee Sung Yang; Hyun Chul Choi{rk; Seok Lyong Song{rk

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

DRIFT study of manganese/titania-based catalysts for low-temperature selective catalytic reduction of NO with NH{sub 3}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Manganese oxides and iron-manganese oxides supported on TiO{sub 2} were prepared by the sol-gel method and used for low-temperature selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of NO with NH{sub 3}. Based on the previous study, Mn(0.4)/TiO{sub 2} and Fe(0.1)-Mn(0.4)/TiO{sub 2} were then selected to carry out the in situ diffuse reflectance infrared transform spectroscopy (DRIFT) investigation for revealing the reaction mechanism. The DRIFT spectroscopy for the adsorption of NH{sub 3} indicated the presence of coordinated NH{sub 3} and NH{sub 4}{sup +} on both of the two catalysts. When NO was introduced, the coordinated NH{sub 3} on the catalyst surface was consumed rapidly, indicating these species could react with NO effectively. When NH{sub 3} was introduced into the sample preadsorbed with NO + O{sub 2}, SCR reaction would not proceed on Mn(0.4)/TiO{sub 2}. However, for Fe(0.1)-Mn(0.4)/TiO{sub 2} the bands due to coordinated NH{sub 3} on Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} were formed. Simultaneously, the bidentate nitrates were transformed to monodentate nitrates and NH{sub 4}{sup +} was detected. NO{sub 2} from the oxidation of NO on catalyst could react with NH{sub 4}{sup +} leading to the reduction of NO. Therefore, it was suggested that the SCR reaction on Fe(0.1)-Mn(0.4)/TiO{sub 2} could also take place in a different way from the reactions on Mn(0.4)/TiO{sub 2} proposed by other researchers. Furthermore, the SCR reaction steps for these two kinds of catalysts were proposed. 29 refs., 9 figs.

Zhongbiao Wu; Boqiong Jiang; Yue Liu; Haiqiang Wang; Ruiben Jin [Zhejiang University, Hangzhou (China). Dept. of Environmental Engineering

2007-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

244

Investigation of a Polarization Controller in Titanium Diffused Lithium Niobate Waveguide near 1530 nm Wavelength  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the field distribution for a guided-wave in each of the three different regions of figure 1. The propagation constant ? is called the eigen value, and can be determined by applying continuity condition to the magnetic field component Ez at x = -t, 2 )tan... the following eigen value expression for TM-polarization 2 2 2 22 )tan( h pq nn n h p n n q n n ht sc g c g s g ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? . (26) The number of allowed eigen values (?) depends on ng, nc, ns, t, and ?o...

Sung, Won Ju

2013-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

245

E-Print Network 3.0 - albuquerque nm usa Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the following locations: Wingate, Crowne Point Ojo Encino, NM; Wide Ruins, and Hunters Point AZ. The Albuquerque... U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Albuquerque District Bureau of...

246

E-Print Network 3.0 - albuquerque nm 08mar01 Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the following locations: Wingate, Crowne Point Ojo Encino, NM; Wide Ruins, and Hunters Point AZ. The Albuquerque... U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Albuquerque District Bureau of...

247

E-Print Network 3.0 - albuquerque nm measurement Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the following locations: Wingate, Crowne Point Ojo Encino, NM; Wide Ruins, and Hunters Point AZ. The Albuquerque... U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Albuquerque District Bureau of...

248

E-Print Network 3.0 - albuquerque nm 1st Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the following locations: Wingate, Crowne Point Ojo Encino, NM; Wide Ruins, and Hunters Point AZ. The Albuquerque... U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Albuquerque District Bureau of...

249

Characterization of Woody and Herbaceous Biomasses Lignin Composition with 1064 nm Dispersive Multichannel Raman Spectroscopy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biomass representing different classes of bioenergy feedstocks, including woody and herbaceous species, was measured with 1064 nm Raman spectroscopy. Pine, oak, poplar, kenaf,...

Lupoi, Jason S; Smith, Emily A

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Demonstration of 12 nm resolution Fresnel zone plate lens based soft x-ray microscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To extend soft x-ray microscopy to a resolution of order 10 nm or better, we developed a new nanofabrication process for Fresnel zone plate lenses. The new process, based on the double patterning technique, has enabled us to fabricate high quality gold zone plates with 12 nm outer zones. Testing of the zone plate with the full-field transmission x-ray microscope, XM-1, in Berkeley, showed that the lens clearly resolved 12 nm lines and spaces. This result represents a significant step towards 10 nm resolution and beyond.

Chao, W.; Kim, J.; Rekawa, S.; Fischer, P.; Anderson, E. H.

2009-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

251

Defects of a phosphosilicate glass exposed to the 193-nm radiation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Induced absorption is measured in a hydrogen-unloaded phosphosilicate glass (PSG) in spectral ranges from 140 to 850 nm and from 1000 to 1700 nm before and after its exposure to the 193-nm radiation. It is shown that the induced-absorption bands in the range between 140 and 300 nm do not coincide with the bands observed earlier after exposing a PSG to X-rays. It is assumed that the photorefractive effect in the PSG is related to variations induced in the glass network rather than to defects responsible for the induced-absorption bands. (fiber and integrated optics)

Larionov, Yu V; Sokolov, V O; Plotnichenko, V G [Fiber Optics Research Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2007-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

252

Supporting Information Electric Field Reversal of Na2SO4, (NH4)2SO4, and Na2CO3 relative to CaCl2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

water 1 M Na2 CO3 1 M Na2 SO4 1 M (NH4 )2 SO4 2 M CaCl2 2 M NaCl Re (2) (a.u.) Incident Infrared (cm -1.8 M CaCl2, 1.8 M NaCl, 1.1 M Na2CO3, 1.1 M Na2SO4, and 1.1 M (NH4)2SO4 salt solutions. ExperimentalS1 Supporting Information Electric Field Reversal of Na2SO4, (NH4)2SO4, and Na2CO3 relative to CaCl

253

Time-Resolved XAFS Spectroscopic Studies of B-H and N-H Oxidative Addition to Transition Metal Catalysts Relevant to Hydrogen Storage  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Successful catalytic dehydrogenation of aminoborane, H3NBH3, prompted questions as to the potential role of N-H oxidative addition in the mechanisms of these processes. N-H oxidative addition reactions are rare, and in all cases appear to involve initial dative bonding to the metal by the amine lone pairs followed by transfer of a proton to the basic metal. Aminoborane and its trimethylborane derivative block this mechanism and, in principle, should permit authentic N-H oxidative attrition to occur. Extensive experimental work failed to confirm this hypothesis. In all cases either B-H complexation or oxidative addition of solvent C-H bonds dominate the chemistry.

Bitterwolf, Thomas E. [University of Idaho

2014-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

254

Excimer laser photochemistry of silane-ammonia mixtures at 193 nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ArF excimer laser induced photochemistry of silane-ammonia mixtures has been studied with molecular beam sampling mass spectrometry. The observed products include disilane, trisilane, and all possible aminosilanes, SiH{sub x}(NH{sub 2}){sub 4-x}, x = 0-3. These products are formed under steady-state photolysis conditions and under single-laser-pulse conditions. A mechanism for the formation of these species is proposed and quantitatively evaluated.

Beach, D.B.; Jasinski, J.M. (Thomas J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, NY (USA))

1990-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

255

RFI for NC  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Statement of Energy Service Requirements Statement of Energy Service Requirements & Format for Responses to a Request for Information GENERAL INFORMATION Document Type: Request for Information Posted Date: June 12, 2003 Original Response Date: June 26, 2003 Classification Code: 99-Miscellaneous-Renewable Energy/Renewable Energy Certificates (REC) DESCRIPTION The Federal Government is seeking interested parties to potentially supply renewable energy/REC in North Carolina behind the Duke Energy Service Territory, with the possibility of other locations as well. Requirements are estimated at approximately 30 million kWh. We are seeking Green-e certified (or the equivalent) REC, or renewable energy located close to North Carolina, but not necessarily within the state.

256

Construction of a 1014.8nm fiber amplifier for quadrupling into the UV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A fiber amplifier is constructed at 1014.8nm and then frequency doubled to produce 507.4nm. This could then be frequency doubled again to produce 253.7 radiation. The fiber amplifier consists of Ytterbium doped double-clad fiber cooled to low...

Giuoco, Frank Joseph

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

257

Faraday and Cotton-Mouton Effects of Helium at = 1064 nm A. Cad`ene1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Faraday and Cotton-Mouton Effects of Helium at = 1064 nm A. Cad`ene1 , D. Sordes1 , P. Berceau1 of the Faraday and the Cotton-Mouton effects of helium gas at = 1064 nm. Our apparatus is based on an up and Cotton-Mouton effect. Our measurements give for the first time the experimental value of the Faraday

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

258

Geometrically restricted ultrathin (20-nm) film of cyclohexane: A metastable phase  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present experimental evidence that when the dimensions of cyclohexane films are finite a new metastable phase is manifested. This was ascertained from comparative infrared measurements at 90nm, 126 nm, and 12 ?m, geometrically restricted in ZnSe cylinders.

R. Mu and V. M. Malhotra

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

The discovery of [Ru(NH3)5N2]2+: A case of serendipity and the scientific method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper the author provides a personal account of the events leading up to the realization [Ru9NH3)5N2]2+ is a real species.

Caesar V. Senoff

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Pillared smectite modified with carbon and manganese as catalyst for SCR of NOx with NH3. Part I. General characterization and catalyst screening  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Carbon- and manganese-modified zirconia-pillared smectites were prepared, characterized (XRD, BET and pore analysis, XPS) and tested in selective catalytic reduction of NOx with NH3. Both untreated and acidic pre...

Lucjan Chmielarz; Roman Dziembaj; Teresa Grzybek; Jerzy Klinik

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nh nm nc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Experimental trial of a hollow-core waveguide used as an absorption cell for concentration measurement of NH3 gas with a CO2 laser  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The basic idea of using a hollow-core waveguide as an absorption cell in a spectroscopic gas measurement system is proposed. Measurements of NH3 gas concentration were made...

Saito, Yasunori; Kanaya, Tatsunori; Nomura, Akio; Kano, Tetsuo

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Supporting Information Surface Electric Fields of Aqueous Solutions of NH4NO3, Mg(NO3)2, NaNO3,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

S1 Supporting Information Surface Electric Fields of Aqueous Solutions of NH4NO3, Mg(NO3)2, NaNO3 interfaces of (a) 1.0 M and 2.0 M LiNO3, (b) 1.0 M and 1.7 M NaNO3, (c) 1.0 M and 1.6 M NH4NO3, and (d) 1.0 M water 1.0 M NaNO3 1.7 M NaNO3 c water 1.0 M NH4 NO3 1.6 M NH4 NO3 | (2) | 2 (10 3 arb.units) Wavenumber

263

Rock Sampling At Zuni Mountains Nm Area (Brookins, 1982) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Zuni Mountains Nm Area (Brookins, 1982) Zuni Mountains Nm Area (Brookins, 1982) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Rock Sampling At Zuni Mountains Nm Area (Brookins, 1982) Exploration Activity Details Location Zuni Mountains Nm Area Exploration Technique Rock Sampling Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Radiogenic heat production analysis from U,Th,K concentrations. References D. G. Brookins (1982) Potassium, Uranium, Thorium Radiogenic Heat Contribution To Heat Flow In The Precambrian And Younger Silicic Rocks Of The Zuni And Florida Mountains, New Mexico (Usa) Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Rock_Sampling_At_Zuni_Mountains_Nm_Area_(Brookins,_1982)&oldid=387056" Category: Exploration Activities

264

64Cu-1,4,7-Triazacyclononane-1,4-diacetic acid-6-aminohexanoic acid-Gln-Trp-Ala-Val-Gly-His-Leu-Met-NH2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. recently reported that the NOTA-based 64Cu-NOTA-8-Aoc-BBN(7­14) NH2 conjugate (where 8-Aoc = 8 pharmacokinetic properties of the 64Cu-NOTA-8-Aoc-BBN(7­14)NH2 conjugate, Lane et al. synthesized a new group of conjugates with the NOTA derivative NO2A and replaced the spacer 8-Aoc with an aliphatic or aromatic linking

Levin, Judith G.

265

64Cu-1,4,7-Triazacyclononane-1,4-diacetic acid-9-aminonanoic acid-Gln-Trp-Ala-Val-Gly-His-Leu-Met-NH2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. recently reported that the NOTA-based 64Cu-NOTA-8-Aoc-BBN(7­14) NH2 conjugate (where 8-Aoc = 8 pharmacokinetic properties of the 64Cu-NOTA-8-Aoc-BBN(7­14)NH2 conjugate, Lane et al. synthesized a new group of conjugates with the NOTA derivative NO2A and replaced the spacer 8-Aoc with an aliphatic or aromatic linking

Levin, Judith G.

266

.Research Module: Scheme 2. N-Benzylation of N-H Pyrazolidinones 3. 3 6. 60 Scheme 2 Procedure: N-Alkylation Using Aldehyde  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

folder. It will actually produce two NMR printouts for you. The first one will be dominated by methanol Scheme 1, add 10 mL of anhydrous methanol. · For 4-methoxy compoud 3c, add 20 mL of methanol, since the 4-Benzylation Synthesis of N-Benzyl Pyrazolidinones NH NH O R1 3a-e + H O 4 Methanol Solvent 0.05 CF3CO2H (catalyst) N N O

Jasperse, Craig P.

267

Photodissociation dynamics of ClN{sub 3} at 193 nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Photofragment translational spectroscopy was used to identify the primary and secondary reaction pathways in 193 nm photodissociation of chlorine azide (ClN{sub 3}) under collision-free conditions. Both the molecular elimination (NCl+N{sub 2}) and the radical bond rupture channel (Cl+N{sub 3}) were investigated and compared with earlier results at 248 nm. The radical channel strongly dominates, just as at 248 nm. At 193 nm, the ClN{sub 3} (C-tilde{sup 1}A{sup ''}) state is excited, rather than the B-tilde{sup 1}A{sup '} state that is accessed at 248 nm, resulting in different photofragment angular distributions. The chlorine translational energy distribution probing the dynamics of the radical bond rupture channel shows three distinct peaks, with the two fastest peaks occurring at the same translational energies as the two peaks seen at 248 nm that were previously assigned to linear and 'high energy' N{sub 3}. Hence, nearly all the additional photon energy relative to 248 nm appears as N{sub 3} internal excitation rather than as translational energy, resulting in considerably more spontaneous dissociation of N{sub 3} to N{sub 2}+N.

Goncher, Scott J.; Sveum, Niels E.; Moore, David T.; Bartlett, Nate D.; Neumark, Daniel M. [Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 and Chemical Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)

2006-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

268

High silicon content silylating reagents for dry-developed positive-tone resists for extreme ultraviolet (13.5 nm) and deep ultraviolet (248 nm) microlithography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent results in the use of disilanes as silylating reagents for near-surface imaging with deep-UV (248 nm) and EUV (13.5 nm) lithography are reported. A relatively thin imaging layer of a photo-cross-linking resist is spun over a thicker layer of hard-baked resist that functions as a planarizing layer and antireflective coating. Photoinduced acid generation and subsequent heating crosslinks and renders exposed areas impermeable to an aminodisilane that reacts with the unexposed regions. Subsequent silylation and reactive ion etching afford a positive-tone image. The use of disilanes introduces a higher concentration of silicon into the polymer than is possible with silicon reagents that incorporate only one silicon atom per reactive site. The higher silicon content in the silylated polymer increases etching selectivity between exposed and unexposed regions and thereby increases the contrast. Additional improvements that help to minimize flow during silylation are also discussed, including the addition of bifunctional disilanes. We have resolved high aspect ratio, very high quality 0.20 {mu}m line and space patterns at 248 nm with a stepper having a numerical aperture (NA)= 0.53, and have resolved {<=} 0.15 {mu}m line and spaces at 13.5 nm.

Wheeler, D.; Scharrer, E.; Kubiak, G. [and others

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

269

Efficient 1341-nm Laser Emission and Heat Generation Characteristics in Nd:GdVO4 Laser under Direct 879-nm Pumping  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report on a highly efficient (over 60% slope efficiency) 1.3-m cw Nd:GdVO4 laser pumped by a 879-nm Ti:Sapphire laser. Non-radiative transition induced heat generation in Nd:GdVO4...

Saikawa, Jiro; Sato, Yoichi; Taira, Takunori; Nakamura, Osamu; Furukawa, Yasunori

270

Exergy analysis of a novel air-cooled non-adiabatic absorption refrigeration cycle with NH3NaSCN and NH3LiNO3 refrigerant solutions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents a methodology of exergy analysis for ammonia-lithium nitrate and ammonia-sodium thiocyanate absorption refrigeration cycle which applies a novel air-cooled type non-adiabatic absorber to improve both the coefficient of performance and exegetic efficiency of the system under air cooling condition. A modified entropy calculation method for NH3/NaSCN and NH3/LiNO3 solutions is presented in this literature and different results are obtained comparing to previous research. In addition to the variation of solution temperature and pressure from specific working state to the reference state, the variation of solution concentration, which was always neglected by previous researchers in ammonia/salt solution exergy calculation, has been taken into account while analyzing the least potential of ammonia/salt solution for doing useful work, and a corresponding approach for specific exergy calculation is presented. The effects of generator temperature, absorber outlet temperature, absorber efficiency and other system parameters on system exergetic efficiency have been discussed in this study. Analysis results indicate that relatively high system performance can be obtained by air-cooled type ammonia/salt absorption refrigeration cycles when non-adiabatic absorbers are applied in these systems.

Dehua Cai; Guogeng He; Qiqi Tian; Weier Tang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

High-order harmonic generation from plasma plume pumped by 400 nm wavelength laser  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors present their study on high-order harmonic generation pumped by 400 nm wavelength laser from plasma plumes produced on the surfaces of various solid-state targets. The maximum harmonic cutoff was observed for Be plasma (31st harmonic, {lambda}=12.9 nm). They compared these results with harmonic generation pumped by 800 nm wavelength laser. The authors demonstrated single harmonic enhancement for Cr, Sn, Sb, and Mn plasmas. They also studied the use of varying the chirp of the pump laser to control the enhancement of single harmonics within the plateau.

Ganeev, Rashid A.; Elouga Bom, Luc B.; Ozaki, Tsuneyuki [Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique, Energie, Materiaux et Telecommunications, 1650 Lionel-Boulet, Varennes, Quebec J3X 1S2 (Canada) and Scientific Association Akadempribor, Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan, Akademgorodok, Tashkent 100125 (Uzbekistan); Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique, Energie, Materiaux et Telecommunications, 1650 Lionel-Boulet, Varennes, Quebec J3X 1S2 (Canada)

2007-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

272

Rare-earth plasma extreme ultraviolet sources at 6.5-6.7 nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have demonstrated a laser-produced plasma extreme ultraviolet source operating in the 6.5-6.7 nm region based on rare-earth targets of Gd and Tb coupled with a Mo/B{sub 4}C multilayer mirror. Multiply charged ions produce strong resonance emission lines, which combine to yield an intense unresolved transition array. The spectra of these resonant lines around 6.7 nm (in-band: 6.7 nm {+-}1%) suggest that the in-band emission increases with increased plasma volume by suppressing the plasma hydrodynamic expansion loss at an electron temperature of about 50 eV, resulting in maximized emission.

Otsuka, Takamitsu; Higashiguchi, Takeshi; Yugami, Noboru; Yatagai, Toyohiko [Department of Advanced Interdisciplinary Sciences, Center for Optical Research and Education (CORE), Utsunomiya University, Yoto 7-1-2, Utsunomiya, Tochigi 321-8585 (Japan); Kilbane, Deirdre; White, John; Dunne, Padraig; O'Sullivan, Gerry [School of Physics, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland); Jiang, Weihua [Department of Electrical Engineering, Nagaoka University of Technology, Kami-tomiokamachi 1603-1, Nagaoka, Niigata 940-2188 (Japan); Endo, Akira [Forschungszentrum Dresden, Bautzner Landstrs. 400, D-01328 Dresden (Germany)

2010-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

273

National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) compliance at Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico (SNL/NM)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report on National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) compliance at Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico (SNL/NM) chronicles past and current compliance activities and includes a recommended strategy that can be implemented for continued improvement. This report provides a list of important references. Attachment 1 contains the table of contents for SAND95-1648, National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Compliance Guide Sandia National Laboratories (Hansen, 1995). Attachment 2 contains a list of published environmental assessments (EAs) and environmental impact statements (EISs) prepared by SNL/NM. Attachment 3 contains abstracts of NEPA compliance papers authored by SNL/NM and its contractors.

Wolff, T.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Community Involvement and Issues Management Dept.; Hansen, R.P. [Hansen Environmental Consultants, Englewood, CO (United States)

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

A 674 nm external cavity diode laser for a ??Sr? ion trap  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Atomic ion traps are a promising candidate for scalable quantum information processing. In this thesis, a 674 nm extended cavity diode laser is built to address an optical quantum bit in ??Sr? with the goal of testing such ...

Thon, Susanna M. (Susanna Mitrani)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Toward resistant vacuum-ultraviolet coatings for free-electron lasers down to 150 nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research and development are currently trying to run a storage ring free-electron laser down to 150 nm with robust optics. Vacuum-ultraviolet fluoride optics with protected oxide layers and enhanced metallic mirrors are investigated.

Gatto, Alexandre; Yang Minghong; Kaiser, Norbert; Guenster, Stefan; Ristau, Detlev; Trovo, Mauro; Danailov, Miltcho

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

650-nm 1 2 polymeric thermo-optic switch with low power consumption  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, a low-power 1 2 polymeric thermo-optic switch operating at the polymer optical fiber low-loss window of 650 nm was studied. The characteristic parameters of the switch...

Wang, Xi-Bin; Sun, Jian; Liu, Yu-Fen; Sun, Jing-Wen; Chen, Chang-Ming; Sun, Xiao-Qiang; Wang, Fei; Zhang, Da-Ming

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

LOS ALAMOS, N.M., March 31, 2014-Los Alamos National Laboratory...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Forests and climate change focus of Frontiers in Science lectures March 31, 2014 It's not easy staying green... LOS ALAMOS, N.M., March 31, 2014-Los Alamos National Laboratory...

278

Isotope 87Rb Faraday anomalous dispersion optical filter at 420??nm  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We demonstrate a Faraday anomalous dispersion optical filter (FADOF) operating on 5S1/26P3/2 transition at 420nm with a 5cm long cell of 96.5%...

Ling, Li; Bi, Gang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Comprehensive inverse modeling for the study of carrier transport models in sub-50nm MOSFETs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Direct quantitative 2-D characterization of sub-50 nm MOSFETs continues to be elusive. This research develops a comprehensive indirect inverse modeling technique for extracting 2-D device topology using combined log(I)-V ...

Djomehri, Ihsan Jahed, 1976-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Feb. 14, 2013-Recently a Los Alamos National...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

put to work for electric grid security February 14, 2013 LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Feb. 14, 2013-Recently a Los Alamos National Laboratory quantum cryptography (QC) team successfully...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nh nm nc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Understanding of hydrogen silsesquioxane electron resist for sub-5-nm-half-pitch lithography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The authors, demonstrated that 4.5-nm-half-pitch structures could be achieved using electron-beam lithography, followed by salty development. They also hypothesized a development mechanism for hydrogen silsesquioxane, ...

Berggren, Karl K.

282

Effectiveness of the top-down nanotechnology in the production of ultrafine cement (~220?nm)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The present investigation is dealing with the communition of the cement particle to the ultrafine level (?220 nm) utilizing the bead milling process, which is considered as a top-down nanotechnology. During the grinding of the cement particle, ...

Byung-Wan Jo, Sumit Chakraborty, Ki Heon Kim, Yun Sung Lee

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

LOS ALAMOS, N.M., July 24, 2014-Dipen Sinha of Los Alamos National...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Acoustics topic of upcoming Frontiers in Science series July 24, 2014 Tapping sound waves to address energy, national security challenges LOS ALAMOS, N.M., July 24, 2014-Dipen...

284

Carbon nanotube assisted formation of sub-50 nm polymeric nano-structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A novel processing method was developed for sub-50 nm structures by integrating quantum dots (QDs) on patterned polymer substrates. Poly(styrene-alt-maleic anhydride) (PSMa) was prepared by the initiated chemical vapor ...

Lee, Chia-Hua

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Photodissociation channels for N2O near 130 nm studied by product imaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the experiments of Gilpin and Welge GW 15 and of Stone, Lawrence, and Fairchild SLF .16 In both studies of metastable fragments at an ionizer was recorded. In the SLF study, data for the 130-nm photodissociation

Houston, Paul L.

286

X-ray Schwarzschild objective for the carbon window (?~4.5 nm)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We deal with the recent progress in the fabrication of the graded Co/C multilayer mirrors to be used in a 21 Schwarzschild objective (SO) operating at the wavelengths near 4.5 nm...

Artyukov, Igor; Bugayev, Yegor; Devizenko, Olexander; Gullikson, Eric; Kondratenko, Valeriy; Vinogradov, Alexander

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

High energy femtosecond fiber laser at 1018 nm and high power Cherenkov radiation generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Two novel laser systems for ultrafast applications have been designed and built. For the seeding of a high energy cryogenically cooled Yb:YLF laser, a novel 1018 nm fiber laser system is demonstrated. It produces >35 nJ ...

Yang, Hongyu, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Particle removal challenges with EUV patterned mask for the sub-22nm HP node  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The particle removal efficiency (PRE) of cleaning processes diminishes whenever the minimum defect size for a specific technology node becomes smaller. For the sub-22 nm half-pitch (HP) node, it was demonstrated that exposure to high power megasonic up to 200 W/cm{sup 2} did not damage 60 nm wide TaBN absorber lines corresponding to the 16 nm HP node on wafer. An ammonium hydroxide mixture and megasonics removes {ge}50 nm SiO{sub 2} particles with a very high PRE, A sulfuric acid hydrogen peroxide mixture (SPM) in addition to ammonium hydroxide mixture (APM) and megasonic is required to remove {ge}28 nm SiO{sub 2} particles with a high PRE. Time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectroscopy (TOFSIMS) studies show that the presence of O{sub 2} during a vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) ({lambda} = 172 nm) surface conditioning step will result in both surface oxidation and Ru removal, which drastically reduce extreme ultraviolet (EUV) mask life time under multiple cleanings. New EUV mask cleaning processes show negligible or no EUV reflectivity loss and no increase in surface roughness after up to 15 cleaning cycles. Reviewing of defect with a high current density scanning electron microscope (SEM) drastically reduces PRE and deforms SiO{sub 2} particles. 28 nm SiO{sub 2} particles on EUV masks age very fast and will deform over time, Care must be taken when reviewing EUV mask defects by SEM. Potentially new particles should be identified to calibrate short wavelength inspection tools, Based on actinic image review, 50 nm SiO{sub 2} particles on top of the EUV mask will be printed on the wafer.

Rastegar, A.; Eichenlaub, S.; Kadaksham, A. J.; Lee, B.; House, M.; Huh, S.; Cha, B.; Yun, H.; Mochi, I.; Goldberg, K. A.

2010-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

289

A Comparison of Photoresist Resolution Metrics using 193 nm and EUV Lithography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Image blur due to chemical amplification represents a fundamental limit to photoresist performance and manifests itself in many aspects of lithographic performance. Substantial progress has been made in linking image blur with simple resolution metrics using EUV lithography. In this presentation, they examine performance of 193 nm resist and EUV resist systems using modulation transfer function, corner rounding, and other resolution metrics. In particular, they focus on cross-comparisons in which selected EUV and 193 nm resist are evaluated using both EUV and 193 nm lithography. Simulation methods linking 193 nm and EUV performance will be described as well. Results from simulation indicate that image blur in current generation 193 nm photoresists is comparable to that of many EUV resists, but that ultra-low diffusion materials designs used in very high resolution EUV resists can result in substantially lower blur. In addition to detailing correlations between EUV and 193 nm experimental methods, they discuss their utility in assessing performance needs of future generation photoresists.

Jones, Juanita; Pathak, Piyush; Wallow, Thomas; LaFontaine, Bruno; Deng, Yunfei; Kim, Ryoung-han; Kye, Jongwook; Levinson, Harry; Naulleau, Patrick; Anderson, Chris

2007-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

290

Elementary steps of the catalytic NO{sub x} reduction with NH{sub 3}: Cluster studies on reaction paths and energetics at vanadium oxide substrate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We consider different reaction scenarios of the selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of NO in the presence of ammonia at perfect as well as reduced vanadium oxide surfaces modeled by V{sub 2}O{sub 5}(010) without and with oxygen vacancies. Geometric and energetic details as well as reaction paths are evaluated using extended cluster models together with density-functional theory. Based on earlier work of adsorption, diffusion, and reaction of the different surface species participating in the SCR we confirm that at Brnsted acid sites (i.e., OH groups) of the perfect oxide surface nitrosamide, NH{sub 2}NO, forms a stable intermediate. Here adsorption of NH{sub 3} results in NH{sub 4} surface species which reacts with gas phase NO to produce the intermediate. Nitrosamide is also found as intermediate of the SCR near Lewis acid sites of the reduced oxide surface (i.e., near oxygen vacancies). However, here the adsorbed NH{sub 3} species is dehydrogenated to surface NH{sub 2} before it reacts with gas phase NO to produce the intermediate. The calculations suggest that reaction barriers for the SCR are overall higher near Brnsted acid sites of the perfect surface compared with Lewis acid sites of the reduced surface, examined for the first time in this work. The theoretical results are consistent with experimental findings and confirm the importance of surface reduction for the SCR process.

Gruber, M.; Hermann, K. [Inorganic Chemistry Department, Fritz-Haber-Institut der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, Faradayweg 4-6, 14195 Berlin (Germany)] [Inorganic Chemistry Department, Fritz-Haber-Institut der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, Faradayweg 4-6, 14195 Berlin (Germany)

2013-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

291

4D Density Determination of NH Radicals in an MSE Microplasma Combining Planar Laser Induced Fluorescence and Cavity Ring-Down Spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An application of microplasmas is surface modification under mild conditions and of small, well defined areas. For this, an understanding of the plasma composition is of importance. First results of our work on the production and detection of NH radicals in a capacitively coupled radio frequency (RF) microplasma are presented. A microstructured comb electrode was used to generate a glow discharge in a hydrogen/nitrogen gas mixture by applying 13.56 MHz RF voltage. The techniques of planar laser induced fluorescence (PLIF) and cavity ring-down spectroscopy (CRDS) are used for space and time resolved, quantitative detection of the NH radical in the plasma. The rotational temperature was determined to be 820 K and, the density 5.1x10{sup 12} cm{sup 3}. Also, time dependent behaviour of the NH production was observed.

Visser, Martin; Schenk, Andreas; Gericke, Karl-Heinz [Technische Universitaet Braunschweig, Institut fuer Physikalische und Theoretische Chemie Hans-Sommer-Str. 10, 38106 Braunschweig (Germany)

2010-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

292

Unusual defect physics in CH{sub 3}NH{sub 3}PbI{sub 3} perovskite solar cell absorber  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thin-film solar cells based on Methylammonium triiodideplumbate (CH{sub 3}NH{sub 3}PbI{sub 3}) halide perovskites have recently shown remarkable performance. First-principle calculations show that CH{sub 3}NH{sub 3}PbI{sub 3} has unusual defect physics: (i) Different from common p-type thin-film solar cell absorbers, it exhibits flexible conductivity from good p-type, intrinsic to good n-type depending on the growth conditions; (ii) Dominant intrinsic defects create only shallow levels, which partially explain the long electron-hole diffusion length and high open-circuit voltage in solar cell. The unusual defect properties can be attributed to the strong Pb lone-pair s orbital and I p orbital antibonding coupling and the high ionicity of CH{sub 3}NH{sub 3}PbI{sub 3}.

Yin, Wan-Jian, E-mail: wanjian.yin@utoledo.edu; Shi, Tingting; Yan, Yanfa, E-mail: yanfa.yan@utoledo.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy and Center for Photovoltaics Innovation and Commercialization, The University of Toledo, Toledo, Ohio 43606 (United States)

2014-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

293

4.1.2 NANO FOUNTAIN PROBE WITH 40 NM WRITING RESOLUTION K.-H. Kim, N. Moldovan, H. D. Espinosa; "A Novel Nano Fountain Probe with sub-100 nm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

4.1.2 NANO FOUNTAIN PROBE WITH 40 NM WRITING RESOLUTION K.-H. Kim, N. Moldovan, H. D. Espinosa; "A Novel Nano Fountain Probe with sub-100 nm Molecular Writing Resolution", Small, 2005, ASAP. Patent the first "nano-fountain pen" capable of depositing organic ink molecules in patterns as small as 40 nm

Shull, Kenneth R.

294

Optical breakdown threshold investigation of 1064 nm laser induced air plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the theoretical and experimental measurements and analysis of the optical breakdown threshold for dry air by 1064 nm infrared laser radiation and the significance of the multiphoton and collisional cascade ionization process on the breakdown threshold measurements over pressures range from 10 to 2000 Torr. Theoretical estimates of the breakdown threshold laser intensities and electric fields are obtained using two distinct theories namely multiphoton and collisional cascade ionization theories. The theoretical estimates are validated by experimental measurements and analysis of laser induced breakdown processes in dry air at a wavelength of 1064 nm by focusing 450 mJ max, 6 ns, 75 MW max high-power 1064 nm IR laser radiation onto a 20 {mu}m radius spot size that produces laser intensities up to 3 - 6 TW/cm{sup 2}, sufficient for air ionization over the pressures of interest ranging from 10 to 2000 Torr. Analysis of the measured breakdown threshold laser intensities and electric fields are carried out in relation with classical and quantum theoretical ionization processes, operating pressures. Comparative analysis of the laser air breakdown results at 1064 nm with corresponding results of a shorter laser wavelength (193 nm) [M. Thiyagarajan and J. E. Scharer, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 36, 2512 (2008)] and a longer microwave wavelength (10{sup 8} nm) [A. D. MacDonald, Microwave Breakdown in Gases (Wiley, New York, 1966)]. A universal scaling analysis of the breakdown threshold measurements provided a direct comparison of breakdown threshold values over a wide range of frequencies ranging from microwave to ultraviolet frequencies. Comparison of 1064 nm laser induced effective field intensities for air breakdown measurements with data calculated based on the collisional cascade and multiphoton breakdown theories is used successfully to determine the scaled collisional microwave portion. The measured breakdown threshold of 1064 nm laser intensities are then scaled to classical microwave breakdown theory after correcting for the multiphoton ionization process for different pressures and good agreement, regarding both pressure dependence and breakdown threshold electric fields, is obtained. The effect of the presence of submicron particles on the 1064 nm breakdown threshold was also investigated. The measurements show that higher breakdown field is required, especially at lower pressures, and in close agreement with classical microwave breakdown theory and measurements in air.

Thiyagarajan, Magesh; Thompson, Shane [Plasma Engineering Research Lab (PERL), College of Science and Engineering, Texas A and M University-Corpus Christi, Texas 78412 (United States)

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Printability and inspectability of Defects on the EUV Mask for sub32nm Half Pitch HVM Application  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

strategies for 32-nm half-pitch and beyond", Proc. o f SPIEEUV Mask for sub32nm Half Pitch H V M Application Sungminof phase defect as half pitch, scanner condition and mask

Huh, S.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

NOIlVUlSININdV NOIlVWdOdNI AOd3N3 ACTO3NH  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

NOIlVUlSININdV NOIlVWdOdNI AOd3N3 NOIlVUlSININdV NOIlVWdOdNI AOd3N3 ACTO3NH 0661 This publication may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office. Purchasing in formation for this or other Energy Information Administration (EIA) publications may be obtained from the Government Printing Office or ElA's National Energy Information Center. Questions on energy statistics should be directed to the Center by mail, telephone, or telecommunications device for the hearing impaired. Addresses, telephone numbers, and hours are as follows: National Energy Information Center Energy Information Administration Forrestal Building, Room 1F-048 Washington, DC 20585 (202) 586-8800 Telecommunications Device for the Hearing Impaired Only: (202) 586-1181 8 a.m. - 5 p.m., eastern time, M-F

297

nh Gi Thit Hi Ti Nguyn Thin Nhin ca V Trn Du Deepwater Horizon Cc D n Qun Franklin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Công Viên Bald Point Ca Tiu Bangc xut s xây dng các mái che cm tri, các li i lót ván, và mt nhà v sinh vi h thng x lý bng khí và bãi thi ti Công Viên Bald Point ca Tiu bang Alligator Point. Ngoài ra u xe kèm theo ti Cash Bayou. Xut Ci To Công Viên và Dc Th Thuyn Qun Franklin: D án Công Viên Indian

298

Kinetics of GaAs Dissolution in H2O2?NH4OH?H2O Solutions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Gallium arsenide and other group III?V semiconductors have found numerous applications in the electronics industry because of such characteristics as the direct band gap and higher electron mobility, which make them more suitable than silicon in the fabrication of optoelectronic and high-frequency devices. ... For example, the solubilities of both As2O3 and As2O5 in water increase between 15 and 40 C (Perry and Phillips, 1995), while Ga2O3 and Ga(OH)3 are insoluble in water and no data are available on the temperature dependence of their solubility at higher pH. ... Both Sheka et al. (1966) and Sidgwick (1950) confirm that gallium hydroxides are particularly soluble in NH4OH. ...

Christine Bryce; Dimitrios Berk

1996-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

299

THE JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS 138, 054301 (2013) Photodissociation dynamics of the methyl perthiyl radical at 248 nm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the photodissociation of the methyl perthiyl radical CH3SS at 248 nm. The radical was produced by flash pyrolysis

Neumark, Daniel M.

300

August 20, 2009 0:58 International Journal of Electronics IJEADC-90nm International Journal of Electronics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

variation of 10.5% in the INL and 5.7% in the DNL, with both INL and DNL being less than 0.5LSB. The 90nm, the ADC has also been presented using 45nm Predictive Technology Models (PTM). At 45nm, INL = 0.46LSB, DNL

Mohanty, Saraju P.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nh nm nc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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301

Fabrication of large area 100 nm pitch grating by spatial frequency doubling and nanoimprint lithography for subwavelength  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fabrication of large area 100 nm pitch grating by spatial frequency doubling and nanoimprint nm pitch gratings over a large area 10 cm2 using a simple, low-cost, fast process. This method doubling and 2 pattern replication using nanoimprint lithography. The form birefringence of a 100 nm pitch

302

High power single-crystal fiber CW 946 nm laser and blue generation based on Rubidium-doped PPKTP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for high power, continuous wave and polarized laser at 946 nm (fig1.c). We demonstrate a polarized laser. Laurell, "High-power, continous-wave, second harmonic generation at 532 nm in periodically poled KTiOPO4(b)(a) (c) High power single-crystal fiber CW 946 nm laser and blue generation based on Rubidium

Boyer, Edmond

303

New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution Print New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution Print Analytical tools that combine spatial resolution with elemental and chemical identification at the nanometer scale along with large penetration depth are indispensable for the life and physical sciences. The XM-1 soft x-ray microscope at the ALS produces images that not only reveal structures but can identify their chemical elements and measure magnetic and other properties as well. Now a new method for creating optical devices with nanoscale accuracy has allowed researchers in Berkeley Lab's Center for X-Ray Optics (CXRO), which built and operates the XM-1, to achieve an extraordinary resolution of better than 15 nm, with the promise of even higher resolution in the near future.

304

New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution Print Wednesday, 31 August 2005 00:00 Analytical tools that combine spatial resolution with elemental and chemical identification at the nanometer scale along with large penetration depth are indispensable for the life and physical sciences. The XM-1 soft x-ray microscope at the ALS produces images that not only reveal structures but can identify their chemical elements and measure magnetic and other properties as well. Now a new method for creating optical devices with nanoscale accuracy has allowed researchers in Berkeley Lab's Center for X-Ray Optics (CXRO), which built and operates the XM-1, to achieve an extraordinary resolution of better than 15 nm, with the promise of even higher resolution in the near future.

305

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Project Gas Buggy Site - NM 14  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Gas Buggy Site - NM 14 Gas Buggy Site - NM 14 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Project Gas Buggy Site (NM.14 ) Designated Name: Alternate Name: Location: Evaluation Year: Site Operations: Site Disposition: Radioactive Materials Handled: Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Radiological Survey(s): Site Status: Also see Gasbuggy, New Mexico, Site Nevada Test Site History Documents Related to Project Gas Buggy Site Fact Sheet Gasbuggy, New Mexico The Gasbuggy Site is located in northwestern New Mexico in Rio Arriba County approximately 55 miles east of the city of Farmington and approximately 12 miles southwest of Dulce, New Mexico, in the Carson National Forest. Floodplains and Wetlands Survey Results for the Gasbuggy and Gnome-Coach Sites, New Mexico, December 1993.

306

DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0218-DNA | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0218-DNA DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0218-DNA Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home NEPA Document Collection for: DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0218-DNA DNA at Lightning Dock Geothermal Area for Geothermal/Exploration {{{NEPA_Name}}} General NEPA Document Info Energy Sector Geothermal energy Environmental Analysis Type DNA Applicant Lightning Dock Geothermal Inc Geothermal Area Lightning Dock Geothermal Area Project Location New Mexico Project Phase Geothermal/Exploration Techniques Well Testing Techniques Time Frame (days) Participating Agencies Lead Agency BLM Funding Agency none provided Managing District Office BLM Las Cruces District Office Managing Field Office none provided Funding Agencies none provided Surface Manager none provided Mineral Manager BLM

307

New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution Print New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution Print Analytical tools that combine spatial resolution with elemental and chemical identification at the nanometer scale along with large penetration depth are indispensable for the life and physical sciences. The XM-1 soft x-ray microscope at the ALS produces images that not only reveal structures but can identify their chemical elements and measure magnetic and other properties as well. Now a new method for creating optical devices with nanoscale accuracy has allowed researchers in Berkeley Lab's Center for X-Ray Optics (CXRO), which built and operates the XM-1, to achieve an extraordinary resolution of better than 15 nm, with the promise of even higher resolution in the near future.

308

New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution Print New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution Print Analytical tools that combine spatial resolution with elemental and chemical identification at the nanometer scale along with large penetration depth are indispensable for the life and physical sciences. The XM-1 soft x-ray microscope at the ALS produces images that not only reveal structures but can identify their chemical elements and measure magnetic and other properties as well. Now a new method for creating optical devices with nanoscale accuracy has allowed researchers in Berkeley Lab's Center for X-Ray Optics (CXRO), which built and operates the XM-1, to achieve an extraordinary resolution of better than 15 nm, with the promise of even higher resolution in the near future.

309

DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0111-DNA | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NM-L000-2012-0111-DNA NM-L000-2012-0111-DNA Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home NEPA Document Collection for: DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0111-DNA DNA at Lightning Dock Geothermal Area for Geothermal/Exploration, {{{NEPA_Name}}} General NEPA Document Info Energy Sector Geothermal energy Environmental Analysis Type DNA Applicant Lightning Dock Geothermal Inc Geothermal Area Lightning Dock Geothermal Area Project Location New Mexico Project Phase Geothermal/Exploration Techniques Drilling Techniques Time Frame (days) Participating Agencies Lead Agency BLM Funding Agency none provided Managing District Office BLM Las Cruces District Office Managing Field Office none provided Funding Agencies none provided Surface Manager none provided Mineral Manager BLM Selected Dates

310

Gd plasma source modeling at 6.7 nm for future lithography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Plasmas containing gadolinium have been proposed as sources for next generation lithography at 6.x nm. To determine the optimum plasma conditions, atomic structure calculations have been performed for Gd{sup 11+} to Gd{sup 27+} ions which showed that n = 4 - n = 4 resonance transitions overlap in the 6.5-7.0 nm region. Plasma modeling calculations, assuming collisional-radiative equilibrium, predict that the optimum temperature for an optically thin plasma is close to 110 eV and that maximum intensity occurs at 6.76 nm under these conditions. The close agreement between simulated and experimental spectra from laser and discharge produced plasmas indicates the validity of our approach.

Li Bowen; Dunne, Padraig; O'Sullivan, Gerry [School of Physics, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland); Higashiguchi, Takeshi; Yugami, Noboru [Department of Advanced Interdisciplinary Sciences, Center for Optical Research and Education (CORE), and Optical Technology Innovation Center (OpTIC), Utsunomiya University, Yoto 7-1-2, Utsunomiya, Tochigi 321-8585 (Japan); Japan Science and Technology Agency, CREST, 4-1-8 Honcho, Kanagawa, Saitama 332-0012 (Japan); Otsuka, Takamitsu [Department of Advanced Interdisciplinary Sciences, Center for Optical Research and Education (CORE), and Optical Technology Innovation Center (OpTIC), Utsunomiya University, Yoto 7-1-2, Utsunomiya, Tochigi 321-8585 (Japan); Jiang, Weihua [Department of Electrical Engineering, Nagaoka University of Technology, Kami-tomiokamachi 1603-1, Nagaoka, Niigata 940-2188 (Japan); Endo, Akira [Research Institute of Science and Engineering, Waseda University, 3-4-1, Okubo, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 169-0072 (Japan)

2011-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

311

Lasing characteristics of Er/sup 3 +/-doped silica fibers from 1553 up to 1603 nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The laser oscillations from 1553 up to 1603 nm have been demonstrated in Er/sup 3 +/-doped silica fibers with a doping rate of 2500 ppm. Wide changes in laser oscillation wavelengths are due to broad splitting of the upper sublevels in the /sup 4/I/sub 152/ manifold, caused by the random structure of the silica matrix. It has been shown that unpumped parts of the Er/sup 3 +/ ions in the end pumped fiber laser configuration play an important role in the wavelength changes of the laser oscillation. For an absorbed pump power of 320 mW at 514 nm, output power of 0.5 mW was obtained at 1603 nm.

Kimura, Y.; Nakazawa, M.

1988-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

312

The SEMATECH Berkeley microfield exposure tool: learning a the 22-nm node and beyond  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Microfield exposure tools (METs) continue to playa dominant role in the development of extreme ultraviolet (EUV) resists. One of these tools is the SEMATECH Berkeley 0.3-NA MET operating as a SEMATECH resist and mask test center. Here we present an update summarizing the latest resist test and characterization results. The relatively small numerical aperture and limited illumination settings expected from 1st generation EUV production tools make resist resolution a critical issue even at the 32-nm node. In this presentation, sub 22 nm half pitch imaging results of EUV resists are reported. We also present contact hole printing at the 30-nm level. Although resist development has progressed relatively well in the areas of resolution and sensitivity, line-edge-roughness (LER) remains a significant concern. Here we present a summary of recent LER performance results and consider the effect of system-level contributors to the LER observed from the SEMA TECH Berkeley microfield tool.

Naulleau, Patrick; Anderson, Christopher; Baclea-an, Lorie-Mae; Denham, Paul; George, Simi; Goldberg, Kenneth A.; Goldstein, Michael; Hoef, Brian; Hudyma, Russ; Jones, Gideon; Koh, Chawon; La Fontaine, Bruno; McClinton, Brittany; Miyakawa, Ryan; Montgomery, Warren; Roller, John; Wallow, Tom; Wurm, Stefan

2009-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

313

Photoinduced absorption and refractive-index induction in phosphosilicate fibres by radiation at 193 nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The photoinduced room-temperature-stable increase in the refractive index by {approx}5x10{sup -4} at a wavelength of 1.55 {mu}m was observed in phosphosilicate fibres without their preliminary loading with molecular hydrogen. It is shown that irradiation of preliminary hydrogen-loaded fibres by an ArF laser at 193 nm enhances the efficiency of refractive-index induction by an order of magnitude. The induced-absorption spectra of preforms with a phosphosilicate glass core and optical fibres fabricated from them are studied in a broad spectral range from 150 to 5000 nm. The intense induced-absorption band ({approx}800 cm{sup -1}) at 180 nm is found, which strongly affects the formation of the induced refractive index. The quantum-chemical model of a defect related to this band is proposed. (optical fibres)

Rybaltovsky, A A; Sokolov, V O; Plotnichenko, V G; Lanin, Aleksei V; Semenov, S L; Dianov, Evgenii M [Fiber Optics Research Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation); Gur'yanov, A N; Khopin, V F [Institute of Chemistry of High-Purity Substances, Russian Academy of Sciences, Nizhnii Novgorod (Russian Federation)

2007-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

314

DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0200-DNA | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0200-DNA DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0200-DNA Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home NEPA Document Collection for: DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0200-DNA DNA at Lightning Dock Geothermal Area for Geothermal/Well Field, {{{NEPA_Name}}} General NEPA Document Info Energy Sector Geothermal energy Environmental Analysis Type DNA Applicant Lightning Dock Geothermal Inc Geothermal Area Lightning Dock Geothermal Area Project Location New Mexico Project Phase Geothermal/Well Field Techniques Drilling Techniques Time Frame (days) Participating Agencies Lead Agency BLM Funding Agency none provided Managing District Office BLM Las Cruces District Office Managing Field Office none provided Funding Agencies none provided Surface Manager none provided Mineral Manager BLM

315

Hard-x-ray microscopy with Fresnel zone plates reaches 40 nm Rayleigh resolution  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Substantial improvements in the nanofabrication and characteristics of gold Fresnel zone plates yielded unprecedented resolution levels in hard-x-ray microscopy. Tests performed on a variety of specimens with 8-10 keV photons demonstrated a first-order lateral resolution below 40 nm based on the Rayleigh criterion. Combined with the use of a phase contrast technique, this makes it possible to view features in the 30 nm range; good-quality images can be obtained at video rate, down to 50 ms/frame. The important repercussions on materials science, nanotechnology, and the life sciences are discussed.

Chu, Y. S.; Yi, J. M.; De Carlo, F.; Shen, Q.; Lee, Wah-Keat [Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Wu, H. J.; Wang, C. L.; Wang, J. Y.; Liu, C. J.; Wang, C. H. [Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 115, Taiwan (China); Wu, S. R.; Chien, C. C. [Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 115, Taiwan (China); Department of Engineering Science and System, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan (China); Hwu, Y. [Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 115, Taiwan (China); Department of Engineering Science and System, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan (China); Institute of Optoelectronic Sciences, National Taiwan Ocean University, Keelung 202, Taiwan (China); National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan (China); Tkachuk, A.; Yun, W.; Feser, M. [Xradia Inc., 5052 Commercial Circle, Concord, California 94520 (United States); Liang, K. S. [National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan (China); Yang, C. S. [Center for Nanomedicine, National Health Research Institutes, Miaoli 350, Taiwan (China); Je, J. H. [X-ray Imaging Center, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang 790-784 (Korea, Republic of); Margaritondo, G. [Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL), CH-1015 Lausanne (Switzerland)

2008-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

316

Photoionization rates of Cs Rydberg atoms in a 1064-nm far-off-resonance trap  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experimental measurements of photoionization rates of nD{sub 5/2} Rydberg states of Cs (50{<=}n{<=}75) in a 1064-nm far off-resonance dipole trap are presented. The photoionization rates are obtained by measuring the lifetimes of Rydberg atoms produced inside of a 1064-nm far off-resonance trap and comparing the lifetimes to corresponding control experiments in a magneto-optical trap. Experimental results for the control experiments agree with recent theoretical predictions for Rydberg state lifetimes and measured photoionization rates are in agreement with transition rates calculated from a model potential.

Tallant, J.; Booth, D.; Shaffer, J. P. [Homer L. Dodge Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Oklahoma, 440 West Brooks Street, Norman, Oklahoma 73019 (United States)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

317

Sapphire (0 0 0 1) surface modifications induced by long-pulse 1054 nm laser irradiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

spectrum from ultraviolet to visible and near-infrared (0.2­2 mm), high resistance to abrasion, thermal. Loomis a a Physics Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545, USA b Materials on the uncoated and coated surfaces. The individual damage effects of hotspots became less pronounced at high

Ma, Chi

318

Intensity clamping measurement of laser filaments in air at 400 and 800 nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Molecular N{sub 2} fluorescence excited by laser filaments formed from laser pulses at 400 and 800 nm propagating in air is investigated. A comparison showed that, when excited with 400 nm photons, the fluorescence from the first negative band of N{sub 2}{sup +} was enhanced by a factor of 6.4 while that of the second positive band of neutral N{sub 2} remained relatively constant. The enhanced N{sub 2}{sup +} signal is attributed to a more efficient inner-shell multiphoton process (to the B{sup 2{Sigma}}{sub u}{sup +} state) at 400 nm leaving a larger population of N{sub 2}{sup +} ions in the excited state. On the other hand, the stable fluorescence from neutral N{sub 2} is due to the fact that the plasma density is more or less the same at both wavelengths. Using these results, a theoretical model is developed to determine the clamped intensities of the laser filaments at 400 and 800 nm.

Daigle, J.-F.; Hosseini, S.; Wang, T.-J.; Kamali, Y.; Chin, S. L. [Centre d'Optique, Photonique et Laser (COPL) and Departement de Physique, de Genie Physique et d'Optique, Universite Laval, Quebec, Quebec G1V 0A6 (Canada); Jaron-Becker, A.; Becker, A. [JILA and Department of Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309-0440 (United States); Roy, G. [Defence Research and Development Canada-Valcartier, 2459 Pie-XI Boulevard North, Quebec, Quebec G3J 1X5 (Canada)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

319

Generation of 20 GHz, sub-40 fs pulses at 960 nm via repetition-rate multiplication  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Generation of 20 GHz, sub-40 fs pulses at 960 nm via repetition-rate multiplication M. S. Kirchner of Physics, University of Colorado, 2000 Colorado Avenue, Boulder, Colorado 80309, USA 2 National Institute­Pérot cavity in a double-pass configuration provides a broad cavity coupling bandwidth / 10% and large

Purdue University

320

High Accuracy 65nm OPC Verification: Full Process Window Model vs. Critical Failure ORC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High Accuracy 65nm OPC Verification: Full Process Window Model vs. Critical Failure ORC Amandine of Mask Rule Checking (MRC) and Optical Rule Checking (ORC) have become indispensable tools for ensuring, a technique known as Critical Failure ORC (CFORC) was introduced that uses optical parameters from aerial

Boyer, Edmond

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nh nm nc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study, Palo Duro Homes, Inc., Albuquerque, NM, Production  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Case study of a DOE Zero Energy Ready Home in Aztec, NM that scored HERS 49 without PV. This 2,064 ft2 production home has advance framed walls, a spray foamed attic, an air source heat pump, and an HRV.

322

Complete Genome Sequence of the Anaerobic, Halophilic Alkalithermophile Natranaerobius thermophilus JW/NM-WN-LF  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Natranaerobius thermophilus JW/NM-WN-LF Baisuo Zhao 1 Noha M. Mesbah 1 Eileen Dalin 2 Lynne Goodwin 3 Matt Nolan 2 Sam Pitluck 2 Olga Chertkov 3 Thomas S. Brettin 4 James Han 2 Frank W. Larimer 2 Miriam L. Land 4 Loren Hauser 4 Nikolaos Kyrpides 2...

Baisuo Zhao; Noha M. Mesbah; Eileen Dalin; Lynne Goodwin; Matt Nolan; Sam Pitluck; Olga Chertkov; Thomas S. Brettin; James Han; Frank W. Larimer; Miriam L. Land; Loren Hauser; Nikolaos Kyrpides; Juergen Wiegel

2011-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

323

Resist evaluation at 50 nm in the EUV using interferometric spatial frequency doubled imaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the world that can achieve this result at EUV wavelengths. Our two-mirror, 10?-demagnification Schwarzschild 10? Schwarzschild optic can print high-contrast features at 50 nm with low line-edge roughness (LER tests when evaluating resists. Keywords: extreme ultraviolet lithography, EUV, Schwarzschild objective

Bokor, Jeffrey

324

High power, continuous-wave ytterbium-doped fiber laser tunable from 976 to 1120 nm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

narrow linewidth double-clad fiber ring laser," Opt. Express 10(2), 139­144 (2002). 6. A. Silva, K. J. Paschotta, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, "Ring-doped cladding-pumped single- mode three-level fiber laser, and T. Thomas, "Efficient high power Yb3þ-silica fibre laser cladding-pumped at 1064 nm," Opt. Commun

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

325

2007 Nature Publishing Group Self-formation of sub-60-nm half-pitch  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

studies of thin polymer films and termed fracture induced structuring (FIS), self-generates gratings. Specifically, FIS consists of three steps (Fig. 1)12,13. First, a coating of a polymer thin film (for example and cross- sections of FIS gratings. The half-pitch of the FIS grating was found to be as small as 60 nm

326

Diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser emitting at 899 nm Marc Castaing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser emitting at 899 nm and below Marc Castaing Laboratoire Charles Fabry de l); published March 5, 2007 We present what is, to the best of our knowledge, the first diode-pumped Nd, or diode- pumped solid-state (DPSS) lasers. Classical wave- lengths of frequency-doubled DPSS blue lasers

Boyer, Edmond

327

Structure-Activity Relationships in NH3-SCR over Cu-SSZ-13 as Probed by Reaction Kinetics and EPR Studies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cu-SSZ-13 catalysts with various Cu loadings were prepared via solution ion exchange. The hydrated samples were studied with Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR). Cu2+ ion coordination numbers were obtained by analyzing the hyperfine structures while Cu-Cu distances were estimated from line broadening of the EPR features. By coupling EPR and temperature-programmed reduction (TPR) results, two Cu2+ ion locations were suggested. Standard and fast NH3-SCR, as well as non-selective NH3 oxidation reactions were carried out over these catalysts at high space velocities. For the SCR reaction, intra-particle diffusion limitation was found throughout the reaction temperatures investigated. Although clear structure-activity relationships cannot be derived, the reaction results allow for reactant diffusivities and Cu2+ ion locations to be estimated. The slower NH3 oxidation reaction, on the other hand, is kinetically limited at low temperatures, and, therefore, allows for a correlation between Cu2+ ion location and reaction kinetics to be made. Furthermore, the dynamic Cu2+ ion motion as a function of temperature could also be derived from the NH3 oxidation kinetics.

Gao, Feng; Walter, Eric D.; Karp, Eric M.; Luo, Jin-Yong; Tonkyn, Russell G.; Kwak, Ja Hun; Szanyi, Janos; Peden, Charles HF

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Surface characterization studies of TiO2 supported manganese oxide catalysts for low temperature SCR of NO with NH3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SCR of NO with NH3 Padmanabha Reddy Ettireddy a , Neeraja Ettireddy a , Sergey Mamedov b , Punit-impregnation method for the low temperature selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of NO with ammonia as a reductantO2 supported catalysts for low temperature SCR reaction at catalyst bed temperature 175 8C under

Boolchand, Punit

329

Phase Transformations of the Ternary System (NH4)2SO4-H2SO4-H2O and the Implications for Cirrus Cloud Formation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the presence of NH4 + ions in the aerosol of the upper troposphere. Low-temperature ternary phase diagrams distribution alters the cloud's radiative properties, persistence, and surface area available for heterogeneous radiation, which insulates or warms Earth, and scattering the sun's visible radiation upward, thus cooling

330

Detailed modeling and laser-induced fluorescence imaging of nitric oxide in a NH3-seeded non-premixed methane/air flame  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

non-premixed methane/air flame John B. Bell, Marcus S. Day, Joseph F. Grcar Computing Sciences-induced fluorescence imaging of nitric oxide in a NH3-seeded non-premixed methane/air flame Abstract In this paper we study the formation of NO in laminar, nitrogen diluted methane diffusion flames that are seeded

Bell, John B.

331

Interactions of elevated CO2, NH3 and O3 on mycorrhizal infection, gas exchange and N metabolism in saplings of Scots pine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Four-year-old saplings of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) (L.) were exposed for 11 weeks in controlled-environment chambers to charcoad-filtered air, or to charcoal-filtered air supplemented with NH3 (40 ?g m?3), O

Marta Prez-Soba; Thomas A Dueck; Gigliola Puppi; Pieter J. C. Kuiper

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Inelastic Neutron Scattering Study of the Specific Features of the Phase Transitions in (NH4)2WO2F4  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Oxyfluoride (NH4)2WO2F4 has been studied by the inelastic neutron scattering method over a wide temperature range 10 300 K at two initial neutron energies of 15 and 60 meV. The role of tetrahedral ammonium groups in the mechanism of sequential phase transitions at T1 = 201 K and T2 = 160 K has been discussed.

Smirnov, Lev S [Alikhanov Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Moscow, Russia; Kolesnikov, Alexander I [ORNL; Flerov, I. N. [Kirensky Institute of Physics, Krasnoyarsk, Russia; Laptash, N. M. [Institute of Chemistry, Vladivostok, Russia

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Mixed quantum/classical investigation of the photodissociation of NH3,,A~ ... and a practical method for maintaining zero-point energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with a classical mechanical treatment of nuclear motion on coupled potential-energy surfaces. Whereas older mixedMixed quantum/classical investigation of the photodissociation of NH3,,A~ ... and a practical method for maintaining zero-point energy in classical trajectories David Bonhommeaua and Donald G

Truhlar, Donald G

334

North Carolina State University, Campus Box 7409, Raleigh, NC 27695 | 919-513-7831 | www.cleantransportation.org 9/17/12 Advancing Clean Energy for a Sustainable Economy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.cleantransportation.org 9/17/12 Advancing Clean Energy for a Sustainable Economy Clean Transportation | Campus Box 7409, Raleigh, NC 27695 | 919-513-7831 | www.cleantransportation.org Clean Fuel Advanced Technology (CFAT) 2010-2012: Iredell County Sheriff Propane (LPG) Vehicle Summary Clean Fuel Advanced Technology (CFAT) Project 2006

335

Strahlenchemie von alkoholenIX : Die UV-photolyse (? = 185 nm) von methanol in flssiger phase  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Zusammenfassung Bei der Photolyse (? = 185 nm) von flssigem Methanol entstehen Wasserstoff, Glykol, Formaldehyd und Methan sowie Spuren than. Die Quantenausbeuten (bezogen auf ?(H2) = 04 des thanol -Aktinometers (5 mol/1 in Wasser)) betragen 083, 078, 0058, 005 bzw. 0002. Die Isotopenverteilung des bei der Photolyse von CH3OD entstehenden Wasserstoffs (85% HD) zeigt, dass in der flssigen Phase, hnlich wie in der Gasphase,2 die Spaltung der O?H-Bindung (1) der wichtigste Zerfallsprozess ist. CH3OH + hv (? = 185 nm) ? CH3O + H (1) In Mischungen mit Wasser, in denen das Wasser fast keinen Anteil der Strahlung absorbiert, werden die Quantenausbeuten der Produkte Wasserstoff, Glykol, Methan und than stark erniedrigt, whrend die Formaldehydausbeute konstant bleibt. In 1 molarer Lsung betrgt ?(H2) = 042, ?(Glykol) = 032, ?(CH4) = 610?4. than ist nicht mehr nachweisbar. The UV photolysis (? = 185 nm) of liquid methanol yields hydrogen, glycol, formaldehyde, methane and traces of ethane in quantum yields of 083, 078, 0058, 005 and 0002 resp. (related to ?(H2) = 04 of the ethanol-actinometer (5 mole/1 in water)). The isotopic distribution of the hydrogen (85% HD) formed in the photolysis of CH3OD shows, that as in the gasphase2 the scission of the O?H-bond (1) is the major process. CH3OH + hv (? = 185 nm) ? CH3O + H (1) In methanoi-water mixtures (nearly all the light of the wavelength ? = 185 nm is absorbed by methanol) the quantum yields of hydrogen, glycol, methane and ethane are greatly reduced, while the formaldehyde yield remains unaffected. In 1 molar solution ?(H2) = 042, ?(glycol) = 032 and ?(CH4) = 6 x 10?4 is obtained. Ethane cannot be detected.

C. Von Sonntag

1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

IEEE JOURNAL OF SOLID-STATE CIRCUITS, VOL. 42, NO. 12, DECEMBER 2007 2745 A 14-mW 6.25-Gb/s Transceiver in 90-nm CMOS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

USA (e-mail: jp@rambus.com). J. Eyles was with Rambus, Inc., Chapel Hill, NC 27514 USA. He is now. The transceiver em- ploys a number of features for reducing power consumption, in- cluding a shared LC-PLL clock, 2007. J. Poulton, R. Palmer, A. M. Fuller, and T. Greer are with Rambus, Inc., Chapel Hill, NC 27514

Palermo, Sam

337

Part I:Part I: Degradation in 3.2 nm Gate Oxides:Degradation in 3.2 nm Gate Oxides: Effects on Inverter Performance and MOSFETEffects on Inverter Performance and MOSFET  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on Inverter Performance and MOSFETEffects on Inverter Performance and MOSFET Characteristics.2 nm Gate Oxides: Effects on Inverter Performance and MOSFETEffects on Inverter Performance and MOSFET

Anlage, Steven

338

File:USDA-CE-Production-GIFmaps-NM.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NM.pdf NM.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage New Mexico Ethanol Plant Locations Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 249 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Description New Mexico Ethanol Plant Locations Sources United States Department of Agriculture Related Technologies Biomass, Biofuels, Ethanol Creation Date 2010-01-19 Extent State Countries United States UN Region Northern America States New Mexico External links http://www.nass.usda.gov/Charts_and_Maps/Ethanol_Plants/ File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 16:18, 27 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 16:18, 27 December 2010 1,650 × 1,275 (249 KB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated bot upload

339

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Blue Water AEC Ore Buying Station - NM  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Blue Water AEC Ore Buying Station - Blue Water AEC Ore Buying Station - NM 0-02 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Blue Water AEC Ore Buying Station (NM.0-02 ) Designated Name: Alternate Name: Location: Evaluation Year: Site Operations: Site Disposition: Radioactive Materials Handled: Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Radiological Survey(s): Site Status: The history of domestic uranium procurement under U.S. Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) contracts identifies a number of ore buying stations (sampling and storage sites) that were operated during the period late-1949 through the mid-1960s. During this period the AEC established ore-buying stations in new uranium producing areas where it appeared that ore production would be sufficient to support a uranium milling operation. The

340

Faraday and Cotton-Mouton Effects of Helium at $\\lambda = 1064$ nm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present measurements of the Faraday and the Cotton-Mouton effects of helium gas at $\\lambda =~1064$\\,nm. Our apparatus is based on an up-to-date resonant optical cavity coupled to longitudinal and transverse magnetic fields. This cavity increases the signal to be measured by more than a factor of 270\\,000 compared to the one acquired after a single path of light in the magnetic field region. We have reached a precision of a few percent both for Faraday effect and Cotton-Mouton effect. Our measurements give for the first time the experimental value of the Faraday effect at $\\lambda$=\\,1064\\,nm. This value is compatible with the theoretical prediction. Concerning Cotton-Mouton effect, our measurement is the second reported experimental value at this wavelength, and the first to agree at better than 1$\\sigma$ with theoretical predictions.

Cadne, Agathe; Berceau, Paul; Fouch, Mathilde; Battesti, Remy; Rizzo, Carlo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nh nm nc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Nonlinear generation of 104.8-nm radiation within an absorption window in zinc  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Two autoionizing levels which are separated by a few decay widths may exhibit a sharp interference or window in their absorption profile and also make canceling contributions to the refractive index at the absorption minimum. A correct choice of intermediate mixing levels prevents a similar cancellation in the nonlinear susceptibility. Using uv lasers with energies of about a mJ and pulse lengths of 5 ns, we generate 0.23 ?J per pulse at 104.8 nm.

K. H. Hahn; D. A. King; S. E. Harris

1990-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

342

Rearrangement of a phosphosilicate glass network induced by the 193-nm radiation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The IR absorption and Raman spectra of phosphosilicate glass (PSG) are measured during its exposure to radiation at a wavelength of 193 nm. The obtained data demonstrate the complicated rearrangement dynamics of the glass network around phosphor atoms and of the glass network as a whole. The experimental dependences are explained by the model of the PSG network based on the concepts of the theory of rigidity percolation. (interaction of laser radiation with matter)

Larionov, Yu V [A. M. Prokhorov General Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation); Sokolov, V O; Plotnichenko, V G [Fiber Optics Research Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2008-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

343

Slider design for sub-3-nm flying height headdisk systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is important to further push slider's gap flying height from the current value of 78nm in mass production to 2.53nm, in order to increase the areal density of magnetic data storage technology from the current 6080Gb/in2 in mass production to 1Tb/in2. Furthermore, perpendicular magnetic recording will be the only choice for area densities beyond 300Gb/in2, though it might be more sensitive to the fluctuation of the flying height and needs higher flying height stability. This paper reports the authors efforts in both reducing slider's gap flying height and increasing the stability of the flying height. Analysis suggests that heat energy generation in both reading and writing operations affects the stability of the flying height, in addition to the intermolecular forces and the flying height modulations caused by disk waviness. An important design strategy is to have high air pressure and pressure gradient around the read/write element. Results suggest that introducing a sub-shallow step in slider's trailing part is an effective approach of achieving high air pressure and pressure gradient. A new type of slider is designed accordingly. Aerodynamic performance analysis indicates that the proposed slider can fly stably at a flying height below 3nm.

Bo Liu; Jin Liu; Tow-Chong Chong

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Non-monotonous refractive index changes recorded in a phosphate glass optical fibre using 248nm, 500fs laser radiation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Results are presented on the photosensitivity behavior of a phosphate glass optical fibre using 248nm, 500fs laser radiation. Bragg grating exposures performed using a double phase...

Sozzi, Michele; Rahman, Aashia; Pissadakis, Stavros

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Frequency stabilization of 1. 5-. mu. m InGaAsP distributed feedback laser to NH/sub 3/ absorption lines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

NH/sub 3/ absorption lines due to vibration-rotation transitions are observed at 1.50--1.54 ..mu..m by using an InGaAsP superluminescent diode. A 1.5-..mu..m InGaAsP distributed feedback (DFB) laser is frequency stabilized to an NH/sub 3/ linear absorption line at 15196 A. Frequency stability of sigma(2,tau) = 8 x 10/sup -11/tau/sup -1/ is achieved for an averaging time range of 10 ms< or =tau< or =1 s. Such an absolute frequency-stabilized DFB laser is useful for coherent optical system applications, since it is free from the longitudinal mode jumping which results from a wide range of temperature changes and long-term device degradation.

Yanagawa, T.; Saito, S.; Yamamoto, Y.

1984-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

346

Phase transitions in C2O4H NH4 1/2H2O : a light scattering study of the high pressure phase  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1711 Phase transitions in C2O4H NH4 1/2H2O : a light scattering study of the high pressure phase J) Résumé. 2014 AHO présente, à la pression ordinaire, une transition de phase ferroélastique du deuxième phase III soit, comme la phase II, due à une mise en ordre des ions ammoniums : leur orientation serait

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

347

High-Speed SiGe BiCMOS Technologies: 120-nm Status and End-of-Roadmap Challenges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High-Speed SiGe BiCMOS Technologies: 120-nm Status and End-of-Roadmap Challenges P. Chevalier1 , BCMOS technologies at STMicroelectronics. Process and electrical characteristics of two 120-nm platforms, qualified-wave circuits. Advanced developments addressing end-of-roadmap BiCMOS are also presented and discussed. Index

Voinigescu, Sorin Petre

348

Experimental scaling law for mass ablation rate from a Sn plasma generated by a 1064 nm laser  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. INTRODUCTION Laser produced Sn plasma, in its role as an efficient extreme ultraviolet EUV x-ray sourceExperimental scaling law for mass ablation rate from a Sn plasma generated by a 1064 nm laser depth in planar Sn targets irradiated with a pulsed 1064 nm laser was investigated over laser

Najmabadi, Farrokh

349

Direct Patterning of CdSe Quantum Dots into Sub-100 nm Structures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ordered, two-dimensional cadmium selenide (CdSe) arrays have been fabricated on indium-doped tin oxide (ITO) electrodes using the pattern replication in nonwetting templates (PRINT) process. CdSe quantum dots (QDs) with an average diameter of 2.7 nm and a pyridine surface ligand were used for patterning. The PRINT technique utilizes a perfluoropolyether (PFPE) elastomeric mold that is tolerant of most organic solvents, thus allowing solutions of CdSe QDs in 4-picoline to be used for patterning without significant deformation of the mold. Nanometer-scale diffraction gratings have been successfully replicated with CdSe QDs.

Hampton, Meredith J.; Templeton, Joseph L.; DeSimone, Joseph M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Extreme ultraviolet source at 6.7 nm based on a low-density plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate an efficient extreme ultraviolet (EUV) source for operation at {lambda} = 6.7 nm by optimizing the optical thickness of gadolinium (Gd) plasmas. Using low initial density Gd targets and dual laser pulse irradiation, we observed a maximum EUV conversion efficiency (CE) of 0.54% for 0.6% bandwidth (BW) (1.8% for 2% BW), which is 1.6 times larger than the 0.33% (0.6% BW) CE produced from a solid density target. Enhancement of the EUV CE by use of a low-density plasma is attributed to the reduction of self-absorption effects.

Higashiguchi, Takeshi; Yugami, Noboru [Department of Advanced Interdisciplinary Sciences, Center for Optical Research and Education (CORE), and Optical Technology Innovation Center (OpTIC), Utsunomiya University, Yoto 7-1-2, Utsunomiya, Tochigi 321-8585 (Japan); Japan Science and Technology Agency, CREST, 4-1-8 Honcho, Kanagawa, Saitama 332-0012 (Japan); Otsuka, Takamitsu [Department of Advanced Interdisciplinary Sciences, Center for Optical Research and Education (CORE), and Optical Technology Innovation Center (OpTIC), Utsunomiya University, Yoto 7-1-2, Utsunomiya, Tochigi 321-8585 (Japan); Jiang, Weihua [Department of Electrical Engineering, Nagaoka University of Technology, Kami-tomiokamachi 1603-1, Nagaoka, Niigata 940-2188 (Japan); Endo, Akira [Research Institute for Science and Engineering, Waseda University, Okubo 3-4-1, Shinjuku, Tokyo 169-8555 (Japan); Li Bowen; Kilbane, Deirdre; Dunne, Padraig; O'Sullivan, Gerry [School of Physics, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland)

2011-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

351

1-nm-thick graphene tri-layer as the ultimate copper diffusion barrier  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate the thinnest ever reported Cu diffusion barrier, a 1-nm-thick graphene tri-layer. X-ray diffraction patterns and Raman spectra show that the graphene is thermally stable at up to 750?C against Cu diffusion. Transmission electron microscopy images show that there was no inter-diffusion in the Cu/graphene/Si structure. Raman analyses indicate that the graphene may have degraded into a nanocrystalline structure at 750?C. At 800?C, the perfect carbon structure was damaged, and thus the barrier failed. The results of this study suggest that graphene could be the ultimate Cu interconnect diffusion barrier.

Nguyen, Ba-Son [Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, 1 University Road, Tainan 701, Taiwan (China); Lin, Jen-Fin [Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, 1 University Road, Tainan 701, Taiwan (China); Center for Micro/Nano Science and Technology, National Cheng Kung University, 1 University Road, Tainan 701, Taiwan (China); Perng, Dung-Ching, E-mail: dcperng@ee.ncku.edu.tw [Institute of Microelectronics and Electrical Engineering Department, National Cheng Kung University, 1 University Road, Tainan 701, Taiwan (China); Center for Micro/Nano Science and Technology, National Cheng Kung University, 1 University Road, Tainan 701, Taiwan (China)

2014-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

352

Long-Range Balanced Electron- and Hole-Transport Lengths in Organic-Inorganic CH3NH3PbI3  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...e = 130 nm and L D h = 110 nm , where L D = D {tau} TA . As expected, the L D h (majority carrier diffusion...Kim Y. Choulis S. A. Nelson J. Bradley D. D. C. Cook S. Durrant J. R. , Composition...Kirkpatrick J. Nelson J. Durrant J. R. Bradley D. D. C. Giles M. Heeney M. Hamilton R. McCulloch...

Guichuan Xing; Nripan Mathews; Shuangyong Sun; Swee Sien Lim; Yeng Ming Lam; Michael Grtzel; Subodh Mhaisalkar; Tze Chien Sum

2013-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

353

Hydrothermal synthesis and structure of an open framework Co0.7Zn1.3(PO4)2(NH3CH2CH2NH3) and Co6.2(OH)4(PO4)4Zn1.80, a new adamite type phase  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The hydrothermal reaction of cobalt(II)oxalate di-hydrate, zinc oxide, and triethyl-orthophosphate, using 1,2-diaminoethane as structure directing template in water, produced two major crystal phases in almost equal amount: the purple crystals of [NH3CH2CH2NH3][Co0.7Zn1.3(PO4)2] (1) and the red burgundy crystals of Co6.2(OH)4(PO4)4Zn1.80 (2), a new adamite type phase. The structure of [NH3CH2CH2NH3] [Co0.7Zn1.3(PO4)2] (1) exhibits a 3D open framework built from PO4 and (Co/Zn)O4 tetrahedra, and (Co/Zn)O5 trigonal bipyramids, forming two major channels, an 8-membered ring channel and a 16-membered ring channel, that host the ethanediammonium ions. The Co6.2(OH)4(PO4)4Zn1.80 (2) is isomorphous with adamite-type M2(OH)XO4 structure, with a condensed vertex and edge sharing network of (Co/Zn)O5, and distorted CoO6, and PO4 subunits. The cobalt preference for higher coordination numbers is displayed in this structure, where the octahedral sites are wholly occupied by cobalt. Thermal analysis confirmed that these compounds display high thermal stability.

Aderemi Oki; Matthias Zeller; Yaneth Coranza; Jose Luevano; Allen D. Hunter

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Table 2 -Lime use and practices on Corn, major producing states, 2001 CO GA IL IN IA KS KY MI MN MO NE NY NC ND OH PA SD TX WI Area  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Table 2 - Lime use and practices on Corn, major producing states, 2001 CO GA IL IN IA KS KY MI MN.7 Table 2 - Lime use and practices on Corn, major producing states, 2000 CO IL IN IA KS KY MI MN MO NE NY use and practices on Corn, major producing states, 1999 CO IL IN IA KS KY MI MN MO NE NC OH SD TX WI

Kammen, Daniel M.

355

THE c2d SPITZER SPECTROSCOPIC SURVEY OF ICES AROUND LOW-MASS YOUNG STELLAR OBJECTS. IV. NH{sub 3} AND CH{sub 3}OH  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

NH{sub 3} and CH{sub 3}OH are key molecules in astrochemical networks leading to the formation of more complex N- and O-bearing molecules, such as CH{sub 3}CN and CH{sub 3}OCH{sub 3}. Despite a number of recent studies, little is known about their abundances in the solid state. This is particularly the case for low-mass protostars, for which only the launch of the Spitzer Space Telescope has permitted high-sensitivity observations of the ices around these objects. In this work, we investigate the {approx}8-10 {mu}m region in the Spitzer IRS (InfraRed Spectrograph) spectra of 41 low-mass young stellar objects (YSOs). These data are part of a survey of interstellar ices in a sample of low-mass YSOs studied in earlier papers in this series. We used both an empirical and a local continuum method to correct for the contribution from the 10 {mu}m silicate absorption in the recorded spectra. In addition, we conducted a systematic laboratory study of NH{sub 3}- and CH{sub 3}OH-containing ices to help interpret the astronomical spectra. We clearly detect a feature at {approx}9 {mu}m in 24 low-mass YSOs. Within the uncertainty in continuum determination, we identify this feature with the NH{sub 3} {nu}{sub 2} umbrella mode and derive abundances with respect to water between {approx}2% and 15%. Simultaneously, we also revisited the case of CH{sub 3}OH ice by studying the {nu}{sub 4} C-O stretch mode of this molecule at {approx}9.7 {mu}m in 16 objects, yielding abundances consistent with those derived by Boogert et al. based on a simultaneous 9.75 and 3.53 {mu}m data analysis. Our study indicates that NH{sub 3} is present primarily in H{sub 2}O-rich ices, but that in some cases, such ices are insufficient to explain the observed narrow FWHM. The laboratory data point to CH{sub 3}OH being in an almost pure methanol ice, or mixed mainly with CO or CO{sub 2}, consistent with its formation through hydrogenation on grains. Finally, we use our derived NH{sub 3} abundances in combination with previously published abundances of other solid N-bearing species to find that up to 10%-20% of nitrogen is locked up in known ices.

Bottinelli, Sandrine; Van Dishoeck, Ewine F.; Lahuis, Fred [Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, P.O. Box 9513, NL 2300 RA Leiden (Netherlands); Boogert, A. C. Adwin [IPAC, NASA Herschel Science Center, Mail Code 100-22, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Bouwman, Jordy; Beckwith, Martha; Oeberg, Karin I.; Linnartz, Harold [Raymond and Beverly Sackler Laboratory for Astrophysics, Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, P.O. Box 9513, NL 2300 RA Leiden (Netherlands); Pontoppidan, Klaus M.; Blake, Geoffrey A. [California Institute of Technology, Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Evans, Neal J., E-mail: sandrine.bottinelli@cesr.f [Department of Astronomy, University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station C1400, Austin, TX 78712-0259 (United States)

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Optimal power flow under both normal and contingent operation conditions using the hybrid fuzzy particle swarm optimisation and Nelder-Mead algorithm (HFPSO-NM)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we solve the optimal power flow problem using by the new hybrid fuzzy particle swarm optimisation and Nelder-Mead (NM) algorithm (HFPSO-NM). The goal of combining the NM simplex method and the particle swarm optimisation (PSO) method is ... Keywords: Fuzzy logic, HFPSO-NM, Nelder-Mead method, Optimal power flow, Particle swarm optimisation, Voltage stability

Mahmood Joorabian; Ehsan Afzalan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

308nm photochemical reaction of gaseous HNO3 and benzene on ?-Fe2O3 surfaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The 308nm photochemical reactions of nitric acid (HNO3) and benzene in the gas phase and on ?-Fe2O3 surface at 298K was investigated by using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) combined with high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The concentration and yield of HONO and p-nitrophenol (p-NP) had been examined as a function of reaction time, benzene initial concentration and relative humidity on photochemical reaction. The results showed that gaseous HNO3 did not directly react with benzene in the dark, and p-NP was formed irradiation under 308nm UV light. When HNO3 initial concentration was 400Pa and benzene was 300Pa, the illumination time was 100min, the concentration of p-NP produced from the photochemical reaction of HNO3 and benzene on ?-Fe2O3 surface was about 3.08 times higher than that in the gas phase. In the meantime, while reaction time was 40min and relative humidity was 70%, the concentration of HONO and p-NP formed on ?-Fe2O3 surface were about 3.55 and 2.51 times higher than those in the gas phase, and the yield of p-NP was 3.74% and 2.99%, respectively. Surfaces effect played a leading role in photochemical reaction of HNO3 and benzene on ?-Fe2O3 surface.

Jun Zhao; Chengzhu Zhu; Jun Lu; Jiaji Zou; Shuchuan Peng; Tianhu Chen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Nonlinear bleaching, absorption, and scattering of 532-nm-irradiated plasmonic nanoparticles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Single-pulse irradiation of Au and Ag suspensions of nanospheres and nanodisks with 532-nm 4-ns pulses has identified complex optical nonlinearities while minimizing material damage. For all materials tested, we observe competition between saturable absorption (SA) and reverse SA (RSA), with RSA behavior dominating for intensities above {approx}50 MW/cm{sup 2}. Due to reduced laser damage in single-pulse experiments, the observed intrinsic nonlinear absorption coefficients are the highest reported to date for Au nanoparticles. We find size dependence to the nonlinear absorption enhancement for Au nanoparticles, peaking in magnitude for 80-nm nanospheres and falling off at larger sizes. The nonlinear absorption coefficients for Au and Ag spheres are comparable in magnitude. On the other hand, the nonlinear absorption for Ag disks, when corrected for volume fraction, is several times higher. These trends in nonlinear absorption are correlated to local electric field enhancement through quasi-static mean-field theory. Through variable size aperture measurements, we also separate nonlinear scattering from nonlinear absorption. For all materials tested, we find that nonlinear scattering is highly directional and that its magnitude is comparable to that of nonlinear absorption. These results indicate methods to improve the efficacy of plasmonic nanoparticles as optical limiters in pulsed laser systems.

Liberman, V.; Sworin, M.; Kingsborough, R. P.; Geurtsen, G. P.; Rothschild, M. [Lincoln Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 244 Wood Street, Lexington, Massachusetts 02420 (United States)

2013-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

359

DOE Challenge Home Case Study, Palo Duro Homes, Inc., Albuquerque, NM, Production  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Palo Duro Palo Duro Homes, Inc. Albuquerque, NM BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES OFFICE DOE Challenge Home builders are in the top 1% of builders in the country meeting the extraordinary levels of excellence and quality specifi ed by the U.S. Department of Energy. Every DOE Challenge Home starts with ENERGY STAR for Homes Version 3 for an energy-effi cient home built on a solid foundation of building science research. Then, even more advanced technologies are designed in for a home that goes above and beyond current code to give you the superior quality construction, HVAC, appliances, indoor air quality, safety, durability, comfort, and solar-ready components along with ultra-low or no utility bills. This provides homeowners with a quality home that will last for generations to come.

360

LOS ALAMOS, N.M., January 15, 2013-Researchers from Los Alamos National  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

follows the 'Yellowknife follows the 'Yellowknife Road' to Martian wet area January 15, 2013 Instrument confirms presence of gypsum and related minerals LOS ALAMOS, N.M., January 15, 2013-Researchers from Los Alamos National Laboratory and the French Space Agency have tracked a trail of minerals that point to the prior presence of water at the Curiosity rover site on Mars. Researchers from the Mars Science Laboratory's ChemCam team today described how the laser instrument aboard the Curiosity Rover-an SUV-sized vehicle studying the surface of the Red Planet-has detected veins of gypsum running through an area known as Yellowknife Bay, located some 700 meters away from where the Curiosity Rover landed five months ago. - 2 - "These veins are composed mainly of hydrated calcium sulfate, such as bassanite

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nh nm nc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Nov. 19, 2013-Researchers at Los Alamos National Laboratory  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

virus spread and evolution studied virus spread and evolution studied through computer modeling November 19, 2013 LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Nov. 19, 2013-Researchers at Los Alamos National Laboratory are investigating the complex relationships between the spread of the HIV virus in a population (epidemiology) and the actual, rapid evolution of the virus (phylogenetics) within each patient's body. "We have developed novel ways of estimating epidemics dynamics such as who infected whom, and the true population incidence of infection versus mere diagnoses dates," said Thomas Leitner, principal investigator. "Obviously, knowledge about these things is important for public health monitoring, decision making and intervention campaigns, and further to forensic investigations." The team models the uninfected population using traditional differential equations

362

DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0042-DNA | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2-DNA 2-DNA Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home NEPA Document Collection for: DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0042-DNA DNA at Lightning Dock Geothermal Area for Geothermal/Exploration {{{NEPA_Name}}} General NEPA Document Info Environmental Analysis Type DNA Applicant Lightning Dock Geothermal Inc Geothermal Area Lightning Dock Geothermal Area Project Location New Mexico Project Phase Geothermal/Exploration Techniques Time Frame (days) Participating Agencies Lead Agency BLM Funding Agency none provided Managing District Office BLM Las Cruces District Office Managing Field Office none provided Funding Agencies none provided Surface Manager none provided Mineral Manager BLM Selected Dates Application Document Type Sundry Notice Relevant Numbers Lead Agency

363

DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0046-CX | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

6-CX 6-CX Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home NEPA Document Collection for: DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0046-CX CX at Lightning Dock Geothermal Area for Geothermal/Exploration {{{NEPA_Name}}} General NEPA Document Info Energy Sector Geothermal energy Environmental Analysis Type CX Applicant Lightning Dock Geothermal Inc Geothermal Area Lightning Dock Geothermal Area Project Location New Mexico Project Phase Geothermal/Exploration Techniques Time Frame (days) Application Time 16 Participating Agencies Lead Agency BLM Funding Agency none provided Managing District Office BLM Las Cruces District Office Managing Field Office none provided Funding Agencies none provided Surface Manager none provided Mineral Manager BLM Selected Dates Application Date 1/4/2012

364

LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Oct. 31, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory scientist  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Matter, antimatter and surviving the big Matter, antimatter and surviving the big bang is topic of Lab's next Frontiers in Science lecture October 31, 2013 Talk begins at 7 p.m. and open to public LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Oct. 31, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory scientist Vincenzo Cirigliano asks the question, How did we survive the big bang? in a series of Frontiers in Science lectures beginning Monday, Nov. 4, in the Duane Smith Auditorium at Los Alamos High School. "Particles and antiparticles were produced in equal numbers in the aftermath of the big bang," according to Cirigliano. "As the primordial soup cooled, they should have completely destroyed each other, leaving behind a universe with no matter. Instead, an - 2 - imbalance of matter over antimatter developed, eventually leading to galaxies and stars

365

LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Aug. 21, 2013-The High-Altitude Water Cherenkov (HAWC)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

gamma-ray observatory begins gamma-ray observatory begins operations at Sierra Negra volcano in the state of Puebla, Mexico August 21, 2013 New site to observe supernovas and supermassive black holes LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Aug. 21, 2013-The High-Altitude Water Cherenkov (HAWC) Gamma Ray Observatory has begun formal operations at its site in Mexico. HAWC is designed to study the origin of very high-energy cosmic rays and observe the most energetic objects in the known universe. This extraordinary observatory, using a unique detection technique that differs from the classical astronomical design of mirrors, - 2 - lenses, and antennae, is a significant boost to international scientific and technical knowledge. "The HAWC observatory will search for signals from dark matter and to study some

366

DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0020-DNA | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

20-DNA 20-DNA Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home NEPA Document Collection for: DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0020-DNA DNA at Lightning Dock Geothermal Area for Geothermal/Exploration {{{NEPA_Name}}} General NEPA Document Info Energy Sector Geothermal energy Environmental Analysis Type DNA Applicant Lightning Dock Geothermal Inc Geothermal Area Lightning Dock Geothermal Area Project Location New Mexico Project Phase Geothermal/Exploration Techniques Time Frame (days) Participating Agencies Lead Agency BLM Funding Agency none provided Managing District Office BLM Las Cruces District Office Managing Field Office none provided Funding Agencies none provided Surface Manager none provided Mineral Manager BLM Selected Dates Application Document Type Sundry Notice

367

Nanofiltration of Electrolyte Solutions by Sub-2nm Carbon Nanotube Membranes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Both MD simulations and experimental studies have shown that liquid and gas flow through carbon nanotubes with nanometer size diameter is exceptionally fast. For applications in separation technology, selectivity is required together with fast flow. In this work, we use pressure-driven filtration experiments to study ion exclusion in silicon nitride/sub-2-nm CNT composite membranes as a function of solution ionic strength, pH, and ion valence. We show that carbon nanotube membranes exhibit significant ion exclusion at low salt concentration. Our results support a rejection mechanism dominated by electrostatic interactions between fixed membrane charges and mobile ions, while steric and hydrodynamic effects appear to be less important. Comparison with commercial nanofiltration membranes for water softening reveals that our carbon nanotube membranes provides far superior water fluxes for similar ion rejection capabilities.

Fornasiero, F; Park, H G; Holt, J K; Stadermann, M; Kim, S; In, J B; Grigoropoulos, C P; Noy, A; Bakajin, O

2008-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

368

Printed wax masks for 254 nm deep-UV pattering of PMMA-based microfluidics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper reports a new technique for masking deep-UV exposure of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) using a printed wax mask. This technique provides an inexpensive and bulk fabrication method for PMMA structures. The technique involves the direct printing of the mask onto a polymer sheet using a commercial wax printer. The wax layer was then transferred to a PMMA substrate using a thermal laminator, exposed using deep-UV (with a wavelength of 254 nm), developed in an IPA:water solution, and completed by bonding on a PMMA cap layer. A sample microfluidic device fabricated with this method is also presented, with the microchannel as narrow as 50 m. The whole process is easy to perform without the requirement for any microfabrication facilities.

Yiqiang Fan; Yang Liu; Huawei Li; Ian G Foulds

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Time and spectrum-resolving mutiphoton correlator for 300-900 nm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrate a single-photon sensitive spectrometer in the visible range, which allows us to perform time-resolved and multi-photon spectral correlation measurements. It is based on a monochromator composed of two gratings, collimation optics and an array of single photon avalanche diodes. The time resolution can reach $110$ ps and the spectral resolution is $2$ nm/pixel, limited by the design of the monochromator. This technique can easily be combined with commercial monochromators, and can be useful for joint spectrum measurements of two photons emitted in the process of parametric down conversion, as well as time-resolved spectrum measurements in optical coherence tomography or medical physics applications.

Johnsen, Kelsey D; Scarcella, Carmelo; Thibault, Marilyne; Tosi, Alberto; Jennewein, Thomas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Time and spectrum-resolving mutiphoton correlator for 300-900 nm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrate a single-photon sensitive spectrometer in the visible range, which allows us to perform time-resolved and multi-photon spectral correlation measurements. It is based on a monochromator composed of two gratings, collimation optics and an array of single photon avalanche diodes. The time resolution can reach $110$ ps and the spectral resolution is $2$ nm/pixel, limited by the design of the monochromator. This technique can easily be combined with commercial monochromators, and can be useful for joint spectrum measurements of two photons emitted in the process of parametric down conversion, as well as time-resolved spectrum measurements in optical coherence tomography or medical physics applications.

Kelsey D. Johnsen; Piotr Kolenderski; Carmelo Scarcella; Marilyne Thibault; Alberto Tosi; Thomas Jennewein

2014-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

371

Measurement of absolute rates for multiphoton ionization of atomic hydrogen at 248 nm  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present measurements of absolute rates for multiphoton ionization of the ground state of atomic hydrogen by a linearly polarized, subpicosecond KrF laser at a wavelength of 248 nm. The irradiance was varied from 31012 to 21014 W/cm2, and three above-threshold-ionization peaks were observed. The measured rate for total electron production was less than that predicted by Floquet theory [S.-I. Chu and J. Cooper, Phys. Rev. A 32, 2769 (1985)] and perturbation calculations [S. V. Khristenko and S. I. Vetchinkin, Opt. Specktrosk. 40, 417 (1976)], but significantly higher than calculated by the Reiss [Phys. Rev. A 22, 1786 (1980)] and Keldysh [Sov. Phys.JETP 20, 1307 (1965)] methods using Volkov final states.

George A. Kyrala and T. David Nichols

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Single and double electron photodetachment from the oxygen anion at 41.7 nm  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Single and double photodetachment of the oxygen anion O? have been investigated at 41.7 nm (29.8 eV) in a crossed beams experiment using intense photon pulses from a free-electron laser. The ratio of single (O0+e?) and double (O++2e?) detachment was determined to be ?O0/?O+=4.12 0.17 as identified directly from the yield of O0 and O+ fragments after irradiation. The absolute cross section for the dominating single detachment channel was measured to ?O0=(2.10.6)10?19 cm2. Analysis of photoelectrons detected in coincidence with neutral fragments (O0) suggests that single photodetachment primarily happens via the ground (3P) or lowest excited (1D) state of oxygen. The results demonstrate the feasibility and advantage of crossed beams experiments for complete studies of photodetachment reactions.

L. S. Harbo; A. Becker; S. Dziarzhytski; C. Domesle; N. Guerassimova; A. Wolf; H. B. Pedersen

2012-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

373

LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Feb. 14, 2013-Recently a Los Alamos National Laboratory  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Quantum cryptography put to work for Quantum cryptography put to work for electric grid security February 14, 2013 LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Feb. 14, 2013-Recently a Los Alamos National Laboratory quantum cryptography (QC) team successfully completed the first-ever demonstration of securing control data for electric grids using quantum cryptography. The demonstration was performed in the electric grid test bed that is part of the Trustworthy Cyber Infrastructure for the Power Grid (TCIPG) project at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign (UIUC) that was set up under the Department of Energy's Cyber Security for Energy Delivery Systems program in the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability. Novel methods for controlling the electric grid are needed to accommodate new energy sources such as renewables whose availability can fluctuate on short time scales. This

374

LOS ALAMOS, N.M., June 4, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory researchers  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Using laser-driven neutrons to stop Using laser-driven neutrons to stop nuclear smugglers June 4, 2013 Los Alamos shows first nuclear material detection by single short-pulse-laser-driven neutron source LOS ALAMOS, N.M., June 4, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory researchers have successfully demonstrated for the first time that laser-generated neutrons can be enlisted as a useful tool in the War on Terror. The international research team in February used the short-pulse laser at Los Alamos's TRIDENT facility to generate a neutron beam with novel characteristics that interrogated a closed container to confirm the presence and quantity of nuclear material inside. The successful experiment paves the way for creation of a table-top-sized or truck-mounted - 2 - neutron generator that could be installed at strategic locations worldwide to thwart

375

ESR NC-08-2011  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in the system and the flow of liquid as dictated by the process recipe entered in the software. The other end of the T goes to a vacuum-insulated transfer line which can be...

376

ESR NC-30-2011  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(Area: 0735-FIRST-1-1L43) Ionizing and Non-ionizing Radiation Hazards: Radio frequency (RF) or Microwave sources exceeding 10 mW radiated output (Area: 0735-FIRST-1-1L43)...

377

NC-FRA-001_Walking  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Walking and movement in building and around grounds Severity (C) First Aid Only Medical Treatment Lost Time Partial Disability Death or Permanent Disability Training...

378

ESR NC-10-2011  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

room temperature stations (Signatone CheckMate and Rucker and Kolls model 260), and a cryogenic probe station, the LakeShore Model HFTP4, which uses liquid helium and liquid...

379

ESR NC-07-2011  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to "suit up" - i.e. put on a clean room coverall, a head covering, shoe covers and boots and nitrile gloves at all times. The proper procedure for clean room gowning is...

380

(Amorphous Computing) "(Natural Computation : NC)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Informatics (SCI 2002), Vol.11, pp.329-336, 2002. [7] , : Programming with Logical Links 19 , 2002.(CD-ROM) [8] , : occurs- check 19 , 2002.(CD-ROM) [9] , , , , : DKLIC 19 , 2002.(CD-ROM) [10] , : GHC LMNtal 2002 , 2002.(http://www.ipsj.or.jp/prosym/sprosym/program/index.html) [11] A* 17 1E3-02, 2002 6 (CD-ROM) [12

Hagiya, Masami

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nh nm nc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

NC State and Health PAC's  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

your first year at NCSU Interested in Medical School, Dental School or another Health Care Graduate science major is not required to apply to any type of health care graduate program, many of our students was designed with health care graduate programs of all types in mind. Students not only meet all the core

Langerhans, Brian

382

Inscription of Thermally Durable Type IIA Gratings in B/Ge-codoped Optical Fibres Using 248nm, 500fs Radiation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Results on the inscription of Type IIA Bragg gratings in B-germanosilicate fibres using 248nm, 500fs laser radiation are presented. The gratings recorded exhibit index changes ?n?10-3,...

Violakis, George; Konstantaki, Maria; Pissadakis, Stavros

383

Intermolecular force and surface roughness models for air bearing simulations for sub-5nm flying height sliders  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When the spacing between the slider and the disk is less than 5nm, the intermolecular...2002...) can be view as a flat sliderdisk intermolecular force model. The contact distance between the slider and disk nee...

Du Chen; David B. Bogy

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Photon-controlled fabrication of amorphous superlattice structures using ArF (193 nm) excimer laser photolysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pulsed ArF (193 nm) excimer laser photolysis of disilane, germane, and disilane-ammonia mixtures has been used to deposit amorphous superlattices containing silicon, germanium, and silicon nitride layers. Transmission electron microscope cross-section views demonstrate that structures having thin (5--25 nm) layers and sharp interlayer boundaries can be deposited at substrate temperatures below the pyrolytic threshold, entirely under laser photolytic control.

Lowndes, D.H.; Geohegan, D.B.; Eres, D.; Pennycook, S.J.; Mashburn, D.N.; Jellison G.E. Jr.

1988-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

385

Ytterbium-doped fibre laser tunable in the range 1017 - 1040 nm with second-harmonic generation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A cladding-pumped ytterbium-doped fibre laser has been tuned to shorter emission wavelengths (from 1040 to 1017 nm). The laser output power obtained has been compared to calculation results. We have studied frequency doubling of the laser in a KTiOPO{sub 4} (KTP) crystal with type II phase matching in the XY plane and demonstrated wavelength tuning in the range 510 - 520 nm. (lasers)

Dontsova, E I; Kablukov, S I; Babin, Sergei A

2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

386

Diode-pumped Nd:YVO4/Yb:S-FAP laser emitting at 985 and 492.5 nm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Diode-pumped Nd:YVO4/Yb:S-FAP laser emitting at 985 and 492.5 nm Marc Castaing,1,2, * François, 2008 For the first time, to the best of our knowledge, Yb:S-FAP crystals have been intracavity pumped by a Nd:YVO4 laser at 914 nm. This original pumping scheme allows efficient laser action on the three

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

387

Mitigation of Hydrogen Capacity Losses during Pressure Cycling of the Li3NH System by the Addition of Nitrogen  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mitigation of Hydrogen Capacity Losses during Pressure Cycling of the Li3NH System by the Addition of Nitrogen ... We attribute this enhancement to the reaction of nitrogen with liquid lithium during cycling as the Gibbs free energy of formation of Li3N (?Go = ?98.7 kJ/mol) is more negative than that of LiH (?Go = ?50.3 ... This triggered intensive research on hydrogen as a renewable fuel because the exhaust gases in hydrogen-powered vehicles mainly contain water vapor. ...

Joshua Lamb; Dhanesh Chandra; Wen-Ming Chien; Delphine Phanon; Nicolas Penin; Radovan C?erny?; Klaus Yvon

2011-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

388

Effects of gaseous NH{sub 3} and SO{sub 2} on the concentration profiles of PCDD/F in flyash under post-combustion zone conditions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Influence of NH{sub 3} and SO{sub 2} on 2378-PCDD/F in flyash and flue gases was investigated. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer NH{sub 3} decreased the concentration of PCDD and PCDF by 34-75% in the flyash. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer NH{sub 3} decreased the concentration of PCDD and PCDF by 21-40% from the flue gases. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer SO{sub 2} led to 99% PCDD and 93% PCDF reductions in the flyash. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer SO{sub 2} led to 89% PCDD and 76% PCDF reductions in the flue gases. - Abstract: The influence of gaseous ammonia and sulphur dioxide on the formation of 2378-substituted PCDD/F on a reference flyash from a municipal waste incinerator has been investigated using a laboratory scale fixed-bed reactor. The reference flyash samples (BCR-490) was reacted under a simulated flue gas stream at temperatures of 225 and 375 Degree-Sign C for 96 h. The experiments were carried out in two series: first with simulated flue gas alone, and then with injection of NH{sub 3} or SO{sub 2} gas into the flue gas just before the reactor inlet. It was found that the injection of gaseous ammonia into the flue gas could decrease the concentration of both PCDD and PCDF by 34-75% from the solid phase and by 21-40% from the gas phase. Converting the results to I-TEQ values, it could reduce the total I-TEQ values of PCDD and PCDF in the sum of the flyash and exhaust flue gas by 42-75% and 24-57% respectively. The application of SO{sub 2} led to 99% and 93% reductions in the PCDD and PCDF average congener concentrations, respectively in the solid phase. In the gas phase, the total reductions were 89% and 76% for PCDD and PCDF, respectively. Moreover, addition of SO{sub 2} reduced the total I-TEQ value of PCDD and PCDF in the flyash and exhaust flue gas together by 60-86% and 72-82% respectively. Sulphur dioxide was more effective than ammonia in suppressing PCDD/F formation in flyash under the conditions investigated.

Hajizadeh, Yaghoub; Onwudili, Jude A. [Energy Research Institute, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT (United Kingdom); Williams, Paul T., E-mail: p.t.williams@leeds.ac.uk [Energy Research Institute, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT (United Kingdom)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

389

Frequency stabilization of an InGaAsP distributed feedback laser to an NH/sub 3/ absorption line at 15137 A with an external frequency modulator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The oscillation frequency of a 1.5-..mu..m InGaAsP distributed feedback laser is stabilized to an NH/sub 3/ linear absorption line at 15137 A. A LiNbO/sub 3/ external frequency modulator is used instead of direct frequency modulation of the laser to extract error signals. An effective bandwidth of 100 kHz for the feedback loop is obtained through this external modulation scheme. Frequency stability of sigma(2,tau) = 4 x 10/sup -11/ is achieved for an averaging time of 1 s< or =tau< or =100 s.

Yanagawa, T.; Saito, S.; Machida, S.; Yamamoto, Y.; Noguchi, Y.

1985-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

390

Critical properties at the field-induced Bose-Einstein condensation on NiCl2-4SC(NH2)2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report new magnetization measurements on the spin-gap compound NiCl{sub 2}-4SC(NH{sub 2}){sub 2} at the low-field boundary of the magnetic field induced ordering. The critical density of the magnetization is analyzed in terms of a Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC) of bosonic quasiparticles. The analysis of the magnetization at the transition leads to the conclusion for the preservation of the U(1) symmetry, as required for BEC. The experimental data are well described by quantum Monte Carlo simulations.

Sengupta, Pinaki [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Al-hassenieh, Khaled A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Jaime, Macelo [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Paduan-filho, Armando [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Rate Coefficients and Kinetic Isotope Effect for the C2H Reactions with NH3 and ND3 in the 104?294 K Temperature Range  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Departments of Chemistry and Physics and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 ... The chemiluminescence signal is detected using a photomultiplier tube with a 430 nm band-pass filter (10 nm band-pass) and recorded using a multichannel scaler in a photon counting regime. ... Using the NO + O ? NO2* chemiluminescence as a calibration std., CH* formation rates were derived from the measured I(CH*), and the values of the rate coeff. ...

Boris Nizamov; Stephen R. Leone

2004-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

392

Characteristics of vanadia on the surface of V2O5/Ti-PILC catalyst for the reduction of \\{NOx\\} by NH3  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A series of vanadia catalysts impregnated on titania pillared interlayered clays (Ti-PILCs) were prepared to identify the characteristics of vanadia on the surface of Ti-PILC for the selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of NO by NH3. V2O5/Ti-PILC exhibited superior performance as a novel SCR catalyst compared to conventional catalysts including V2O5/TiO2 and V2O5/Al2O3. NO removal activity over the supported vanadia catalyst is strongly influenced by the structure of vanadia species on the catalyst surface. The structure of vanadia species on various supports including TiO2, Al2O3, and SiO2 along with Ti-PILC has been examined by XRD, NMR and Raman analyses for the comparative study. Increasing the content of vanadia up to the monolayer coverage of the surface of Ti-PILC catalyst enhanced the ratio of the polymerized surface vanadia species to the isolated ones. These results are well correlated with TOF of vanadia on the catalyst surface for the reduction of NO by NH3.

Ho Jeong Chae; In-Sik Nam; Sung-Won Ham; Suk Bong Hong

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Spectral irradiance model for tungsten halogen lamps in 340-850 nm wavelength range  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have developed a physical model for the spectral irradiance of 1 kW tungsten halogen incandescent lamps for the wavelength range 340-850 nm. The model consists of the Planck's radiation law, published values for the emissivity of tungsten, and a residual spectral correction function taking into account unknown factors of the lamp. The correction function was determined by measuring the spectra of a 1000 W, quartz-halogen, tungsten coiled filament (FEL) lamp at different temperatures. The new model was tested with lamps of types FEL and 1000 W, 120 V quartz halogen (DXW). Comparisons with measurements of two national standards laboratories indicate that the model can account for the spectral irradiance values of lamps with an agreement better than 1% throughout the spectral region studied. We further demonstrate that the spectral irradiance of a lamp can be predicted with an expanded uncertainty of 2.6% if the color temperature and illuminance values for the lamp are known with expanded uncertainties of 20 K and 2%, respectively. In addition, it is suggested that the spectral irradiance may be derived from resistance measurements of the filament with lamp on and off.

Ojanen, Maija; Kaerhae, Petri; Ikonen, Erkki

2010-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

394

41.8-nm Xe8+ laser driven in a plasma waveguide  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An experimental demonstration of an optical field ionization short-wavelength laser driven in a gas-filled capillary-discharge waveguide is described in detail. Guiding of high-intensity laser pulses has previously been demonstrated with this type of waveguide for capillary discharges in hydrogen. For the present experiments xenon gas was mixed with the hydrogen, and strong lasing on the 4d95d-4d95p transition in Xe8+ at 41.8nm was observed. Under optimum conditions the short-wavelength laser output achieved with the waveguide was found to be greater than that from a Xe gas cell. Measurements of the transmission of the pump laser pulses through the waveguide show that the short-wavelength laser signal was greatest under conditions for which the pump laser pulses were well guided. Simulations of the propagation of the pump laser radiation are presented for a range of initial plasma conditions, and these indicate that the laser-plasma interaction length achieved was greatly increased compared to that which can be achieved in a gas cell.

A. Butler; A. J. Gonsalves; C. M. McKenna; D. J. Spence; S. M. Hooker; S. Sebban; T. Mocek; I. Betttaibi; B. Cros

2004-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

395

Implementation of SAFT + Cubic, PC-SAFT, and SoaveBenedictWebbRubin Equations of State for Comprehensive Description of Thermodynamic Properties in Binary and Ternary Mixtures of CH4, CO2, and n-C16H34  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Implementation of SAFT + Cubic, PC-SAFT, and SoaveBenedictWebbRubin Equations of State for Comprehensive Description of Thermodynamic Properties in Binary and Ternary Mixtures of CH4, CO2, and n-C16H34 ... The recently proposed SAFT + Cubic EoS passes this test relatively successfully (AAD% for the single phase properties less than 6%), proving its robustness as a predictive tool. ... PC-SAFT appears to be the less reliable estimator of the data, whose AAD% might exceed 22%. ...

Ilya Polishuk

2011-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

396

UV wavelengths are between 100-400nm They are widely used in the lab for cross-linking, microscopy, germicidal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for photolithography (365nm used primarily) · How to Limit Danger ­ Whenever you switch to use the fluorescent bulb

Cohen, Robert E.

397

Resist trimming technique in CF4/O2 high-density plasmas for sub-0.1 m MOSFET fabrication using 248-nm lithography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Resist trimming process using CF4/O2 has been developed for sub-0.1 m polysilicon gate patterning using conventional 248-nm lithography. This process allows the successful fabrication of 80-nm MOS devices. The trimming step ... Keywords: 248-nm lithography, CF4/O2, critical dimension (CD), polycrystalline silicon (polysilicon), polysilicon gate, resist trimming

Chian-Yuh Sin; Bing-Hung Chen; W. L. Loh; J. Yu; P. Yelehanka; L. Chan

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

NM WAIDS: A PRODUCED WATER QUALITY AND INFRASTRUCTURE GIS DATABASE FOR NEW MEXICO OIL PRODUCERS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The New Mexico Water and Infrastructure Data System (NM WAIDS) seeks to alleviate a number of produced water-related issues in southeast New Mexico. The project calls for the design and implementation of a Geographical Information System (GIS) and integral tools that will provide operators and regulators with necessary data and useful information to help them make management and regulatory decisions. The major components of this system are: (1) databases on produced water quality, cultural and groundwater data, oil pipeline and infrastructure data, and corrosion information, (2) a web site capable of displaying produced water and infrastructure data in a GIS or accessing some of the data by text-based queries, (3) a fuzzy logic-based, site risk assessment tool that can be used to assess the seriousness of a spill of produced water, and (4) a corrosion management toolkit that will provide operators with data and information on produced waters that will aid them in deciding how to address corrosion issues. The various parts of NM WAIDS will be integrated into a website with a user-friendly interface that will provide access to previously difficult-to-obtain data and information. Primary attention during the first six months of this project has been focused on creating the water quality databases for produced water and surface water, along with collection of corrosion information and building parts of the corrosion toolkit. Work on the project to date includes: (1) Creation of a water quality database for produced water analyses. The database was compiled from a variety of sources and currently has over 4000 entries for southeast New Mexico. (2) Creation of a web-based data entry system for the water quality database. This system allows a user to view, enter, or edit data from a web page rather than having to directly access the database. (3) Creation of a semi-automated data capturing system for use with standard water quality analysis forms. This system improves the accuracy and speed of water quality data entry. (4) Acquisition of ground water data from the New Mexico State Engineer's office, including chloride content and TDS (Total Dissolved Solids) for over 30,000 data points in southeast New Mexico. (5) Creation of a web-based scale prediction tool, again with a web-based interface, that uses two common scaling indices (Stiff-Davis and Oddo-Thomson) to predict the likelihood of scaling. This prediction tool can either run from user input data, or the user can select samples from the water analysis database. (6) Creation of depth-to-groundwater maps for the study area. (7) Analysis of water quality data by formation. (8) Continuation of efforts to collect produced water quality information from operators in the southeast New Mexico area. (9) Qualitative assessment of produced water from various formations regarding corrosivity. (10) Efforts at corrosion education in the region through operator visits. Future work on this project will include: (11) Development of an integrated web and GIS interface for all the information collected in this effort. (12) Continued development of a fuzzy logic spill risk assessment tool that was initially developed prior to this project. Improvements will include addition of parameters found to be significant in determining the impact of a brine spill at a specific site. (13) Cleanup and integration of water quality databases. (14) Compilation of both hard copy and online corrosion toolkit material.

Martha Cather; Robert Lee; Ibrahim Gundiler; Andrew Sung; Naomi Davidson; Ajeet Kumar Reddy; Mingzhen Wei

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

NM WAIDS: A PRODUCED WATER QUALITY AND INFRASTRUCTURE GIS DATABASE FOR NEW MEXICO OIL PRODUCERS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The New Mexico Water and Infrastructure Data System (NM WAIDS) seeks to alleviate a number of produced water-related issues in southeast New Mexico. The project calls for the design and implementation of a Geographical Information System (GIS) and integral tools that will provide operators and regulators with necessary data and useful information to help them make management and regulatory decisions. The major components of this system are: (1) Databases on produced water quality, cultural and groundwater data, oil pipeline and infrastructure data, and corrosion information. (2) A web site capable of displaying produced water and infrastructure data in a GIS or accessing some of the data by text-based queries. (3) A fuzzy logic-based, site risk assessment tool that can be used to assess the seriousness of a spill of produced water. (4) A corrosion management toolkit that will provide operators with data and information on produced waters that will aid them in deciding how to address corrosion issues. The various parts of NM WAIDS will be integrated into a website with a user-friendly interface that will provide access to previously difficult-to-obtain data and information. Primary attention during the first six months of this project was focused on creating the water quality databases for produced water and surface water, along with collecting of corrosion information and building parts of the corrosion toolkit. Work on the project to date includes: (1) Creation of a water quality database for produced water analyses. The database was compiled from a variety of sources and currently has over 7000 entries for New Mexico. (2) Creation of a web-based data entry system for the water quality database. This system allows a user to view, enter, or edit data from a web page rather than having to directly access the database. (3) Creation of a semi-automated data capturing system for use with standard water quality analysis forms. This system improves the accuracy and speed of water quality data entry. (4) Acquisition of ground water data from the New Mexico State Engineer's office, including chloride content and TDS (Total Dissolved Solids) for over 30,000 data points in southeast New Mexico. (5) Creation of a web-based scale prediction tool, again with a web-based interface, that uses two common scaling indices to predict the likelihood of scaling. This prediction tool can either run from user input data, or the user can select samples from the water analysis database. (6) Creation of depth-to-groundwater maps for the study area. (7) Analysis of water quality data by formation. (8) Continuation of efforts to collect produced water quality information from operators in the southeast New Mexico area. (9) Qualitative assessment of produced water from various formations regarding corrosivity. (10) Efforts at corrosion education in the region through operator visits. Future work on this project will include: (1) Development of an integrated web and GIS interface for all the information collected in this effort. (2) Continued development of a fuzzy logic spill risk assessment tool that was initially developed prior to this project. Improvements will include addition of parameters found to be significant in determining the impact of a brine spill at a specific site. (3) Compilation of both hard copy and online corrosion toolkit material.

Martha Cather; Robert Lee; Ibrahim Gundiler; Andrew Sung

2003-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

400

Creation of an ethanol-tolerant Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain by 266nm laser radiation and repetitive cultivation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Laser radiation is an efficient approach for rapid improvement of industrial microbial phenotypes. To improve ethanol tolerance in Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains, a 266nm laser radiation with the use of repetitive cultivation was explored in this work. After irradiated by 266nm laser radiation and repetitive cultivation, a genetically stable SM4 strain was obtained. The SM4 strain could grow on YPD plate with extra 15% (v/v) ethanol. Moreover, the ethanol production performance of SM4 strain was 29.25% more than that of the wild type strain when they were cultivated in 5% (v/v) ethanol fermentation medium for 72h. The DNA mutation was the possible characters for the phenotype of SM4 strain. Overall, the 266nm laser radiation and repetitive cultivation approach might be a novel and useful for breeding fermentation microorganisms.

Min Zhang; Rongrong Zhu; Minfeng Zhang; Shilong Wang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nh nm nc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Morphological Stability and Specific Resistivity of sub-10 nm Silicide Films of Ni1 xPtx on Si Substrate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This letter studies the morphological stability and specific resistivity of sub-10 nm silicide films of Ni, Ni{sub 0.95}Pt{sub 0.05}, and Ni{sub 0.9}Pt{sub 0.1} formed on Si(100) substrate. When the deposited metal films are below 1 to 4 nm in thickness depending on the Pt content, the resultant silicide films tend to become epitaxially aligned to the Si substrate and hence exhibit an extraordinary morphological stability up to 800 C. The presence of Pt in the silicides increases the film resistivity through alloy scattering, but alleviates, owing to a reduced electron mean free path, the frequently encountered sharp increase in resistivity in the sub-10 nm regime.

Zhang, Z.; Zhang, S; Yang, B; Zhu, Y; Rossnagel, S; Gaudet, S; Kellock, A; Jordan-Sweet, J; Lavoie, C

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Electron Transport Behavior on Gate Length Scaling in Sub-50 nm GaAs Metal Semiconductor Field Effect Transistors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Short channel GaAs Metal Semiconductor Field Effect Transistors (MESFETs) have been fabricated with gate length to 20 nm, in order to examine the characteristics of sub-50 nm MESFET scaling. Here the rise in the measured transconductance is mainly attributed to electron velocity overshoot. For gate lengths below 40 nm, however, the transconductance drops suddenly. The behavior of velocity overshoot and its degradation is investigated and simulated by using a transport model based on the retarded Langevin equation (RLE). This indicates the existence of a minimum acceleration length needed for the carriers to reach the overshoot velocity. The argument shows that the source resistance must be included as an internal element, or appropriate boundary condition, of relative importance in any model where the gate length is comparable to the inelastic mean free path of the carriers.

Han, Jaeheon [Department of Electronic Engineering, Kangnam University, 111 Gugal-dong, Giheung-gu, Yongin-city, Gyeonggi-do, Korea 446-702 (Korea, Republic of)

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

403

Use of a dynamic simulation model to understand nitrogen cycling in the middle Rio Grande, NM.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Water quality often limits the potential uses of scarce water resources in semiarid and arid regions. To best manage water quality one must understand the sources and sinks of both solutes and water to the river system. Nutrient concentration patterns can identify source and sink locations, but cannot always determine biotic processes that affect nutrient concentrations. Modeling tools can provide insight into these large-scale processes. To address questions about large-scale nitrogen removal in the Middle Rio Grande, NM, we created a system dynamics nitrate model using an existing integrated surface water--groundwater model of the region to evaluate our conceptual models of uptake and denitrification as potential nitrate removal mechanisms. We modeled denitrification in groundwater as a first-order process dependent only on concentration and used a 5% denitrification rate. Uptake was assumed to be proportional to transpiration and was modeled as a percentage of the evapotranspiration calculated within the model multiplied by the nitrate concentration in the water being transpired. We modeled riparian uptake as 90% and agricultural uptake as 50% of the respective evapotranspiration rates. Using these removal rates, our model results suggest that riparian uptake, agricultural uptake and denitrification in groundwater are all needed to produce the observed nitrate concentrations in the groundwater, conveyance channels, and river as well as the seasonal concentration patterns. The model results indicate that a total of 497 metric tons of nitrate-N are removed from the Middle Rio Grande annually. Where river nitrate concentrations are low and there are no large nitrate sources, nitrate behaves nearly conservatively and riparian and agricultural uptake are the most important removal mechanisms. Downstream of a large wastewater nitrate source, denitrification and agricultural uptake were responsible for approximately 90% of the nitrogen removal.

Meixner, Tom (University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ); Tidwell, Vincent Carroll; Oelsner, Gretchen (University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ); Brooks, Paul (University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ); Roach, Jesse D.

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Understanding the anomalous dispersion of doubly-ionized carbon plasmas near 47 nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Over the last several years we have predicted and observed plasmas with an index of refraction greater than one in the soft X-ray regime. These plasmas are usually a few times ionized and have ranged from low-Z carbon plasmas to mid-Z tin plasmas. Our main calculational tool has been the average atom code. We have recently observed C{sup 2+} plasmas with an index of refraction greater than one at a wavelength of 46.9 nm (26.44 eV). In this paper we compare the average atom method, AVATOMKG, against two more detailed methods, OPAL and CAK, for calculating the index of refraction for the carbon plasmas and discuss the different approximations used. We present experimental measurements of carbon plasmas that display this anomalous dispersion phenomenon. It is shown that the average atom calculation is a good approximation when the strongest lines dominate the dispersion. However, when weaker lines make a significant contribution, the more detailed calculations such as OPAL and CAK are essential. During the next decade X-ray free electron lasers and other X-ray sources will be available to probe a wider variety of plasmas at higher densities and shorter wavelengths so understanding the index of refraction in plasmas will be even more essential. With the advent of tunable X-ray lasers the frequency dependent interferometer measurements of the index of refraction may enable us to determine the absorption coefficients and line-shapes and make detailed comparisons against our atomic physics codes.

Nilsen, J; Castor, J I; Iglesias, C A; Cheng, K T; Dunn, J; Johnson, W R; Filevich, J; Purvis, M A; Grava, J; Rocca, J J

2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

405

METALLICITIES, DUST, AND MOLECULAR CONTENT OF A QSO-DAMPED Ly{alpha} SYSTEM REACHING log N(H I) = 22: AN ANALOG TO GRB-DLAs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the elemental abundance and H{sub 2} content measurements of a damped Ly{alpha} (DLA) system with an extremely large H I column density, log N(H I) (cm{sup -2}) = 22.0 {+-} 0.10, at z{sub abs} = 3.287 toward the QSO SDSS J081634+144612. We measure column densities of H{sub 2}, C I, C I*, Zn II, Fe II, Cr II, Ni II, and Si II from a high signal-to-noise and high spectral resolution VLT-UVES spectrum. The overall metallicity of the system is [Zn/H] = -1.10 {+-} 0.10 relative to solar. Two molecular hydrogen absorption components are seen at z = 3.28667 and 3.28742 (a velocity separation of Almost-Equal-To 52 km s{sup -1}) in rotational levels up to J = 3. We derive a total H{sub 2} column density of log N(H{sub 2}) (cm{sup -2}) = 18.66 and a mean molecular fraction of f = 2N(H{sub 2})/[2N(H{sub 2}) + N(H I)] = 10{sup -3.04{+-}0.37}, typical of known H{sub 2}-bearing DLA systems. From the observed abundance ratios we conclude that dust is present in the interstellar medium of this galaxy, with an enhanced abundance in the H{sub 2}-bearing clouds. However, the total amount of dust along the line of sight is not large and does not produce any significant reddening of the background QSO. The physical conditions in the H{sub 2}-bearing clouds are constrained directly from the column densities of H{sub 2} in different rotational levels, C I and C I*. The kinetic temperature is found to be T Almost-Equal-To 75 K and the particle density lies in the range n{sub H} = 50-80 cm{sup -3}. The neutral hydrogen column density of this DLA is similar to the mean H I column density of DLAs observed at the redshift of {gamma}-ray bursts (GRBs). We explore the relationship between GRB-DLAs and the high column density end of QSO-DLAs finding that the properties (metallicity and depletion) of DLAs with log N(H I) > 21.5 in the two populations do not appear to be significantly different.

Guimaraes, R. [Programa de Modelagem Computacional-SENAI-Cimatec, 41650-010 Salvador, Bahia (Brazil); Noterdaeme, P.; Petitjean, P. [UPMC-CNRS, UMR7095, Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, 98bis Blvd. Arago, F-75014 Paris (France); Ledoux, C. [European Southern Observatory, Alonso de Cordova 3107, Casilla 19001, Vitacura, Santiago 19 (Chile); Srianand, R.; Rahmani, H. [Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Post Bag 4, Ganeshkhind, Pune 411007 (India); Lopez, S., E-mail: rguimara@eso.org [Departamento de Astronomia, Universidad de Chile, Casilla 36-D, Santiago (Chile)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

406

High-order harmonic generation in atomic hydrogen at 248 nm: Dipole-moment versus acceleration spectrum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a study of the high-order harmonic-generation (HG) spectra of atomic hydrogen at 248 nm based on the Fourier transform of the expectation values of the induced dipole moment and acceleration. The calculations were performed by extending a...

Jiang, Tsin-Fu; Chu, Shih-I

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Changes in the Vibrational Population of SO(3-) from the Photodissociation of SO2 between 202 and 207 nm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

atmospheric trace species, formed primarily from coal combustion, but also from its spectroscopic behavior and 207 nm Bogdan R. Cosofret Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Cornell UniVersity, Ithaca, New York 14853 Paul L. Houston* Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Cornell Uni

Houston, Paul L.

408

Continuous-wave laser oscillation on the 1315 nm transition of atomic iodine pumped by O2,,a1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

diagram of the flow tube setup is shown in Fig. 1. A radio-frequency rf electric discharge at 13.56 MHz nm transition of atomic iodine where the O2 a1 used to pump the iodine was produced by a radio-frequency operating between two internal hollow cathode electrodes was used as the excitation source. The plasma zone

Carroll, David L.

409

Atomic absorption monitor for deposition process control of aluminum at 394 nm using frequency-doubled diode laser  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Atomic absorption monitor for deposition process control of aluminum at 394 nm using frequency November 1995 A monitor for Al vapor density based on atomic absorption AA using a frequency of atomic absorption AA as a monitor for thickness and composition control in physical vapor deposi- tion

Fejer, Martin M.

410

Long-period fiber grating inscription under high-intensity 352 nm femtosecond irradiation: Three-photon absorption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-photon absorption and energy deposition in cladding Stephen A. Slattery, David N. Nikogosyan * Department of Physics-intensity 211 and 264 nm laser pulses. Three-photon absorption coefficients for pure fused silica in the fiber cladding and the core. It was shown that the deposition of the majority of the absorbed energy

Nikogosyan, David N.

411

2512 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PLASMA SCIENCE, VOL. 36, NO. 5, OCTOBER 2008 Experimental Investigation of 193-nm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-initiated electron cascading plasma process begins when a pulsed laser beam is focused down to a small spatial domain of 193-nm Laser Breakdown in Air Magesh Thiyagarajan, Member, IEEE, and John E. Scharer, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract--We present the measurements and analysis of laser- induced breakdown processes in dry

Scharer, John E.

412

A Twist-Bend Chiral Helix of 8nm Pitch in a Nematic Liquid Crystal of Achiral Molecular Dimers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Freeze Fracture Transmission Electron Microscopy (FFTEM) study of the nanoscale structure of the so-called "twist-bend" nematic (NX) phase of the cyanobiphenyl (CB) dimer molecule CB(CH2)7CB reveals a stripe texture of fluid layers periodically arrayed with a bulk spacing of d ~ 8.3 nm. Fluidity and a rigorously maintained spacing produce long-range-ordered fluid layered focal conic domains. Absence of a lamellar x-ray reflection at wavevector q ~ 2{\\pi}/8 nm-1 or its harmonics in synchrotron-based scattering experiments indicates that this periodic structure is achieved with no detectable associated modulation of the electron density, and thus has nematic molecular ordering. A search for periodic ordering with d ~ 8nm in CB(CH2)7CB using atomistic molecular dynamic computer simulation yielded equilibration of a conical twist-bend helixed nematic ground state, of the sort first proposed by Meyer, and envisioned in systems of bent molecules by Dozov and Memmer, We identify {\\theta} ~ 33 degree as the cone angle, and p ~ 8nm as the full pitch of the helix, the shortest ever found in a nematic fluid.

Dong Chen; Jan H. Porada; Justin B. Hooper; Arthur Klittnick; Yongqiang Shen; Eva Korblova; Dmitry Bedrov; David M. Walba; Matthew A. Glaser; Joseph E. Maclennan; Noel A. Clark

2013-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

413

Dynamics of laser-produced Sn-based plasmas for a monochromatic 13.5 nm extreme ultraviolet source  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the critical density, a narrower EUV x-ray spectrum and a higher conversion efficiency from laserDynamics of laser-produced Sn-based plasmas for a monochromatic 13.5 nm extreme ultraviolet source-0417 ABSTRACT Dynamics of laser-produced Sn-based plasmas were investigated for a monochromatic EUV lithography

Najmabadi, Farrokh

414

Power Supply Optimization in Sub-130 nm Leakage Dominant Technologies Man L Mui Kaustav Banerjee Amit Mehrotra  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

behaviour as a function of power supply and temperature. We use these models to calculate the full, it is essential to control the leakage power and the temperature of the die. One viable method for optimizingPower Supply Optimization in Sub-130 nm Leakage Dominant Technologies Man L Mui Kaustav Banerjee

415

South Of Espanola; North Of Pojoaque At Intersection of NM399 and US 84/285 Turn onto 399(WSW),  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

will be on your left, Go to third house on right (#18 on fence), 1.5 story adobe with passive solar Windows facing at Affordable Price Or Possible Lease or Lease to Purchase 18 Terrace Farm Rd LaMesilla, NM 2 story passive the Puye Ruins on Santa Clara Pueblo. House is oriented with huge solar windows facing due south toward

Kurien, Susan

416

Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) of nitric oxide with ammonia using Cu-ZSM-5 and Va-based honeycomb monolith catalysts: effect of H2 pretreatment, NH3-to-NO ratio, O2, and space velocity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work, the steady-state performance of zeolite-based (Cu-ZSM-5) and vanadium-based honeycomb monolith catalysts was investigated in the selective catalytic reduction process (SCR) for NO removal using NH3. The aim was to delineate the effect...

Gupta, Saurabh

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

417

Experimental and Theoretical EPR Study of Jahn?Teller-Active [HIPTN[subscript 3]N]MoL Complexes (L = N[subscript 2], CO, NH[subscript 3])  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The trigonally symmetric Mo(III) coordination compounds [HIPTN[subscript 3]N]MoL (L = N[subscript 2], CO, NH[subscript 3]; [HIPTN3N]Mo = [(3,5-(2,4,6-i-Pr[subscript 3]C[subscript 6]H[subscript 2])[subscript 2]C[subscript ...

McNaughton, Rebecca L.

418

Structural, electronic transport and magnetoresistance of a 142nm lead telluride nanowire synthesized using stress-induced growth  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this study, structurally uniform single crystalline PbTe nanowires (NWs) were synthesized using a stress-induced growth. Selected-area electron diffraction patterns show that the PbTe NWs were grown along the [100] direction. The electrical conductivity ? of a NW with 142 nm in diameter exhibited a semiconducting behavior at 50300 K. An enhancement of electrical conductivity ? up to 2383 S m{sup ?1} at 300 K is much higher than ? [0.441526 S m{sup ?1}, Chen et al., Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, p023115, (2013)] in previous studies. The room temperature magnetoresistance of the 142 nm NW was ?0.8% at B = 2 T, which is considerably higher than that [0.2% at B = 2 T, Ovsyannikov et al., Sol. State Comm. 126, 373, (2003)] of the PbTe bulk reported.

Dedi, E-mail: dediamada@phys.sinica.edu.tw, E-mail: cheny2@phys.sinica.edu.tw [Department of Engineering and System Science, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China) [Department of Engineering and System Science, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China); Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China); Nano Science and Technology Program, Taiwan International Graduate Program, Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China); Research Center for Electronics and Telecommunication, Indonesian Institute of Sciences Bandung (Indonesia); Chien, Chia-Hua [Department of Engineering and System Science, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China) [Department of Engineering and System Science, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China); Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China); Nano Science and Technology Program, Taiwan International Graduate Program, Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China); Hsiung, Te-Chih [Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China) [Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China); Nano Science and Technology Program, Taiwan International Graduate Program, Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China); Department of Physics, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan (China); Chen, Yu-Chieh; Huang, Yi-Cheng; Lee, Ping-Chung; Chen, Yang-Yuan, E-mail: dediamada@phys.sinica.edu.tw, E-mail: cheny2@phys.sinica.edu.tw [Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China)] [Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China); Lee, Chih-Hao [Department of Engineering and System Science, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China)] [Department of Engineering and System Science, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

419

Homogeneous pinhole free 1 nm Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} tunnel barriers on graphene  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on the topographical and electrical characterisations of 1 nm thick Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} dielectric films on graphene. The Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} is grown by sputtering a 0.6 nm Al layer on graphene and subsequentially oxidizing it in an O{sub 2} atmosphere. The Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} layer presents no pinholes and is homogeneous enough to act as a tunnel barrier. A resistance-area product in the mega-ohm micrometer-square range is found. Comparatively, the growth of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} by evaporation does not lead to well-wetted films on graphene. Application of this high quality sputtered tunnel barrier to efficient spin injection in graphene is discussed.

Dlubak, B.; Martin, M.-B.; Deranlot, C.; Bouzehouane, K.; Fusil, S.; Mattana, R.; Petroff, F.; Anane, A.; Seneor, P.; Fert, A. [Unite Mixte de Physique CNRS/Thales, 91767 Palaiseau (France) and University of Paris-Sud, 91405 Orsay (France)

2012-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

420

Systematic investigation of self-absorption and conversion efficiency of 6.7 nm extreme ultraviolet sources  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have investigated the dependence of the spectral behavior and conversion efficiencies of rare-earth plasma extreme ultraviolet sources with peak emission at 6.7 nm on laser wavelength and the initial target density. The maximum conversion efficiency was 1.3% at a laser intensity of 1.6x10{sup 12} W/cm{sup 2} at an operating wavelength of 1064 nm, when self-absorption was reduced by use of a low initial density target. Moreover, the lower-density results in a narrower spectrum and therefore improved spectral purity. It is shown to be important to use a low initial density target and/or to produce low electron density plasmas for efficient extreme ultraviolet sources when using high-Z targets.

Otsuka, Takamitsu; Higashiguchi, Takeshi; Yugami, Noboru; Yatagai, Toyohiko [Department of Advanced Interdisciplinary Sciences and Center for Optical Research and Education (CORE), Utsunomiya University, Yoto 7-1-2, Utsunomiya, Tochigi 321-8585 (Japan); Kilbane, Deirdre; Dunne, Padraig; O'Sullivan, Gerry [School of Physics, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland); Jiang, Weihua [Department of Electrical Engineering, Nagaoka University of Technology, Kami-tomiokamachi 1603-1, Nagaoka, Niigata 940-2188 Japan (Japan); Endo, Akira [Forschungszentrum Dresden, Bautzner Landstrs. 400, Dresden D-01328 (Germany)

2010-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nh nm nc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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421

Demonstration of a 10-Hz Femtosecond-Pulse-Driven XUV Laser at 41.8 nm in Xe IX  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report the observation of a gain of approximately exp11 at 41.8 nm in 8-times-ionized xenon. This extreme ultraviolet (XUV) laser is driven by a 10-Hz, 70-mJ circularly polarized femtosecond laser pulse. The laser is focused into Xe at pressures ranging from 5 to 12 torr. The laser is collisionally excited, with both the ions and electrons produced by field induced tunneling.

B. E. Lemoff; G. Y. Yin; C. L. Gordon III; C. P. J. Barty; S. E. Harris

1995-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

422

Transportation of a 451 ton generator stator and a 234 ton generator rotor from Hartsville, TN, to Los Alamos, NM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A 1430 MVA steam turbine generator was acquired from a cancelled nuclear power plant in Tennessee to be used as the pulsed power and energy storage unit for the Confinement Physics Research Facility being built at Los Alamos, NM. The transportation from Hartsville, near Nashville, TN, to Los Alamos, NM, of the two largest single pieces of the generator, a 451 t stator and a 234 t rotor presented a special challenge. Details of the move, by barge from Hartsville to Catoosa, near Tulsa, OK, by rail from Catoosa to Lamy, near Santa Fe, NM, and by road from Lamy to Los Alamos are described. The greatest difficulty of the successful move was the crossing of the Rio Grande river on an existing reinforced concrete bridge. The two-lane wide road transporters for the stator and rotor were fitted with outriggers to provide a four-lane wide vehicle, thus spreading the load over the entire bridge width and meeting acceptable load distribution and bridge safety factors. 2 refs., 6 figs.

Boenig, H.J.; Rogers, J.D.; McLelland, G.R.; Pelts, C.T. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA); McLelland Engineering, Dallas, TX (USA); Reliance Crane and Rigging, Inc., Phoenix, AZ (USA))

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

High-average-power, 100-Hz-repetition-rate, tabletop soft-x-ray lasers at sub-15-nm wavelengths  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Efficient excitation of dense plasma columns at 100-Hz repetition rate using a tailored pump pulse profile produced a tabletop soft-x-ray laser average power of 0.1 mW at = 13.9 nm and 20 W at = 11.9 nm from transitions of Ni-like Ag and Ni-like Sn, respectively. Lasing on several other transitions with wavelengths between 10.9 and 14.7 nm was also obtained using 0.9-J pump pulses of 5-ps duration from a compact diode-pumped chirped pulse amplification Yb:YAG laser. Hydrodynamic and atomic plasma simulations show that the pump pulse profile, consisting of a nanosecond ramp followed by two peaks of picosecond duration, creates a plasma with an increased density of Ni-like ions at the time of peak temperature that results in a larger gain coefficient over a temporally and spatially enlarged space leading to a threefold increase in the soft-x-ray laser output pulse energy. The high average power of these compact soft-x-ray lasers will enable applications requiring high photon flux. These results open the path to milliwatt-average-power tabletop soft-x-ray lasers.

Reagan, Brendon [Colorado State University, Fort Collins] [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Berrill, Mark A [ORNL] [ORNL; Wernsing, Keith [Colorado State University, Fort Collins] [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Baumgarten, Cory [Colorado State University, Fort Collins] [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Woolston, Mark [Colorado State University, Fort Collins] [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Rocca, Jorge [Colorado State University, Fort Collins] [Colorado State University, Fort Collins

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Thickness effect on laser-induced-damage threshold of indium-tin oxide films at 1064 nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Laser-induced-damage characteristics of commercial indium-tin oxide (ITO) films deposited by DC magnetron sputtering deposition on K9 glass substrates as a function of the film thickness have been studied at 1064 nm with a 10 ns laser pulse in the 1-on-1 mode, and the various mechanisms for thickness effect on laser-induced-damage threshold (LIDT) of the film have been discussed in detail. It is observed that laser-damage-resistance of ITO film shows dramatic thickness effect with the LIDT of the 50-nm ITO film 7.6 times as large as the value of 300 nm film, and the effect of depressed carrier density by decreasing the film thickness is demonstrated to be the primary reason. Our experiment findings indicate that searching transparent conductive oxide (TCO) film with low carrier density and high carrier mobility is an efficient technique to improve the laser-damage-resistance of TCO films based on maintaining their well electric conductivity.

Wang Haifeng; Huang Zhimeng; Zhang Dayong; Luo Fei; Huang Lixian; Li Yanglong; Luo Yongquan; Wang Weiping; Zhao Xiangjie [Institute of Fluid Physics, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621900 (China)

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

A synchroton single crystal X-ray structure determination of (NH4)3Mo4P3O16: A microporous molybdenum phosphate with Mo4O6+4 cubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Reaction of MoO3, Mo, (NH4)2HPO4, H3PO4, and H2O in a mole ratio of 1.4:1:3.6:6:120 at 360C for 16 hr gives a nearly quantitative yield of black cubes of (NH4)3Mo4P3O16 (1). The structure of (1) was solved from data collected on a 30 30 30 ?m3 crystal at the National Synchrotron Light Source at Brookhaven National Laboratory. The compound is cubic, space group P43m, with a = 7.736(2) , and was refined to residuals of R(Rw) = 0.035(0.049). Phosphate (1) is isotypic with Cs3Mo4P3O16 and is related to the iron arsenate mineral pharmacosiderite. Unlike the Cs+ compound, (1) can be rendered microporous by thermal removal of the NH+4 cations to give ammonia with the charge compensating proton remaining behind in the lattice. Water absorption isotherms show the reversible uptake of 5.6 wt% water, which corresponds to over 15 vol% void space in (1) after the NH3 removal. The framework consists of Mo4O6+4 cubes, with six Mo?Mo contacts of 2.570(4) , joined together together by (PO4)62 along ?100? to form a 3-D network composed of tetramers of triply edge-sharing Mo-centered octahedra and phosphate groups alternating along all ?100? directions. The windows and cavities in (1) are large enough that the NH+4 cations occupy several different positions in the unit cell.

H.E. King Jr.; Linda A. Mundi; Karl G. Strohmaier; Robert C. Haushalter

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Application of x-ray tomography to optimization of new NOx/NH3 mixed potential sensors for vehicle on-board emissions control  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mixed potential sensors for the detection of hydrocarbons, NO{sub x}, and NH{sub 3} have been previously developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The LANL sensors have a unique design incorporating dense ceramic-pelletlmetal-wire electrodes and porous electrolytes. The performance of current-biased sensors using an yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) electrolyte and platinum and La{sub 0.8}Sr{sub 0.2}CrO{sub 3} electrodes is reported. X-ray tomography has been applied to non-destructively examine internal structures of these sensors. NO{sub x} and hydrocarbon response of the sensors under various bias conditions is reported, and very little NO{sub x} response hysteresis was observed. The application of a 0.6 {mu}A bias to these sensors shifts the response from a hydrocarbon response to a NO{sub x} response equal for both NO and NO{sub 2} species at approximately 500 {sup o}C in air.

Nelson, Mark A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Brosha, Eric L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mukundan, Rangachary [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Garzon, Fernando H [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

The Surface Texturing of Monocrystalline Silicon with NH4OH and Ion Implantation for Applications in Solar Cells Compatible with CMOS Technology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This work presents the development of photovoltaic cells based on p+/n junction in Si substrates, aimed at compatibility with fabrication processes with CMOS technology. The compatible processes, which are developed in this study, are the techniques: i) Si surface texturing, with the textured surface reflection of 15% obtained by the formation of micro-pyramids (heights between 3 and 7?m) using NH4OH (ammonium hydroxide) alkaline solution, which is free of undesirable contamination by Na+ and K+ ions, when NaOH and KOH traditional solutions are used, respectively, and ii) of the ECR-CVD (Electron Cyclotron Resonance - Chemical Vapor Deposition) deposition of SiNx (silicon nitride) anti-reflective coating (ARC), which is carried out at room temperature and can be performed after the end of cell fabrication without damage on metallic tracks and without variation of p+/n junction depth. The ARC coating characterization presented that the silicon nitride has a refractive index of 1.92 and a minimum reflectance of 1.03%, which is an excellent result for application in solar (or photovoltaic) cells. For the formation of the pn junction was used ion implantation process with 11B+, E=20KeV, dose of 1x1015cm2 and four rotations of 90 to get uniformity on texturized surfaces.

A.R. Silva; J. Miyoshi; J.A. Diniz; I. Doi; J. Godoy

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

A photoemission study of Au, Ge, and O{sub 2} deposition on NH{sub 4}F etched Si(111)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have studied the interaction of a metal, Au, a semiconductor, Ge, and a non-metal, O{sub 2}, with the NH{sub 4}F etched Si(111) surface with photoemission spectroscopy. Two components were present in Si 2p core level spectra from the H-terminated surface. We observed the flat band condition from the as-etched, n-type, Si(111) surface. We performed stepwise depositions of Au and measured the band bending with photoemission spectroscopy. The Fermi level pinned near mid-gap as Au was deposited onto the as-etched surface. After the deposition of 1 ML of Au, a Au-silicide layer formed. This interfacial component indicated that the passivating H layer was compromised. As the Au coverage was increased, layers of pure Au formed between the bulk silicon and the Au-silicide layer. The observed behavior was nearly identical to that of Au deposition on the Si(111) 7 {times} 7 surface. Next, we tested the ability of the monohydride layer to sustain surfactant assisted growth of Ge. Ge islanding was observed at 400{degree}C indicating that good surfactant growth was not obtained. Although the monohydride layer was not a good surfactant for the Si(111) surface at this temperature, further study at different temperatures is needed to determine the ability of the ideal monohydride layer to act as a surfactant. Finally, we observed no oxidation of the as-etched surface at room temperature upon exposure to molecular oxygen.

Terry, J.; Cao, R.; Wigren, C.; Pianetta, P.

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Thermochemical treatments based on NH3/O2 for improved graphite-based fiber electrodes in vanadium redox flow batteries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Electrochemical behavior of the polyacrylonitrile (PAN)-based graphite as a low cost electrode material for vanadium based redox batteries (VFB) in sulfuric acid medium has been improved by means of the successful introduction of nitrogen and oxygen-containing groups at the graphite surface by thermal activation under NH3/O2 (1:1) atmosphere. Influence of the temperature and treatment duration times have been studied towards the positive reaction of VFB. The structure, composition, and electrochemical properties of the treated samples have been characterized with field emission scanning electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The estimation of electrochemical surface area has also been evaluated. The treatment of PAN graphite material at 773K for 24-h leads to electrode materials with the best electrochemical activity towards the VO 2 + /VO2+ redox couple. This method produces an increase of the nitrogen and oxygen content at the surface up to 8% and 32%, respectively, and is proved to be a straightforward and cost-effective methodology. This improvement of the electrochemical properties is attributed to the incorporation of the nitrogen and oxygen-containing groups that facilitate the electron transfer through the electrode/electrolyte interface for both oxidation and reduction processes.

Cristina Flox; Javier Rubio-Garca; Marcel Skoumal; Teresa Andreu; Juan Ramn Morante

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Ab initio potential energy surfaces for NH,,3 -...NH,,3 -  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.1063/1.3268920 I. INTRODUCTION The field of cold T 1 K and ultracold 1 mK molecules has attracted great interest in the last few years. The production of such ultra cold species may find impor- tant applications,11 There are, in principle, two different strate- gies for producing molecular samples at ultra low tempera

431

The forbidden 1082 nm line of sulphur: the photospheric abundance of sulphur in the Sun and 3D effects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sulphur is an element which is formed in the alpha-process and is easily measured in the gaseous phase in external galaxies. Since it does not form dust, it is the preferred indicator for alpha-elements, rather than Si or Mg, for which dust corrections are necessary. The measurement of the sulphur abundance in stars is not an easy task, relying mainly on high excitation lines with non-negligible deviations from LTE. The 1082 nm sulphur forbidden transition is less sensitive to departures from LTE and is less dependent on temperature uncertainties than other sulphur lines usually employed as abundance indicators. Therefore it should provide a more robust abundance diagnostics. aims: To derive the solar photospheric abundance of sulphur from the 1082 nm [SI] line and to investigate 3D effects present in G- and F-type atmospheres at solar and lower metallicity. method: High-resolution, high signal-to-noise solar intensity and flux spectra were used to measure the sulphur abundance from the [SI] 1082 nm line. co5bold hydrodynamical model atmospheres were applied to predict 3D abundance corrections for the [SI] line. results: The solar sulphur abundance is derived to be 7.15+- (0.01)stat +- (0.05)sys, where the statistical uncertainty represents the scatter in the determination using four different solar spectra and the systematic uncertainty is due to the modelling of the blending lines. Sulphur abundances obtained from this line are insensitive to the micro-turbulence. 3D abundance corrections, found from strictly differential comparisons between 1D and 3D models, are negligible in the Sun, but become sizable for more metal-poor dwarfs.

Elisabetta Caffau; Hans-Guenter Ludwig

2007-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

432

The effect of viewing angle on the spectral behavior of a Gd plasma source near 6.7 nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have demonstrated the effect of viewing angle on the extreme ultraviolet (EUV) emission spectra of gadolinium (Gd) near 6.7 nm. The spectra are shown to have a strong dependence on viewing angle when produced with a laser pulse duration of 10 ns, which may be attributed to absorption by low ion stages of Gd and an angular variation in the ion distribution. Absorption effects are less pronounced at a 150-ps pulse duration due to reduced opacity resulting from plasma expansion. Thus for evaluating source intensity, it is necessary to allow for variation with both viewing angle and target orientation.

O'Gorman, Colm; Li Bowen; Cummins, Thomas; Dunne, Padraig; Sokell, Emma; O'Sullivan, Gerry [School of Physics, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland); Otsuka, Takamitsu [Department of Advanced Interdisciplinary Sciences, Center for Optical Research and Education (CORE), and Optical Technology Innovation Center (OpTIC), Utsunomiya University, Yoto 7-1-2, Utsunomiya, Tochigi 321-8585 (Japan); Yugami, Noboru; Higashiguchi, Takeshi [Department of Advanced Interdisciplinary Sciences, Center for Optical Research and Education (CORE), and Optical Technology Innovation Center (OpTIC), Utsunomiya University, Yoto 7-1-2, Utsunomiya, Tochigi 321-8585 (Japan); Japan Science and Technology Agency, CREST, 4-1-8 Honcho, Kanagawa, Saitama 332-0012 (Japan); Jiang Weihua [Department of Electrical Engineering, Nagaoka University of Technology, Kami-tomiokamachi 1603-1, Nagaoka, Niigata 940-2188 (Japan); Endo, Akira [Research Institute for Science and Engineering, Waseda University, Okubo 3-4-1, Shinjuku, Tokyo 169-8555 (Japan)

2012-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

433

Tri-material multilayer coatings with high reflectivity and wide bandwidth for 25 to 50 nm extreme ultraviolet light  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Magnesium/silicon carbide (Mg/SiC) multilayers have been fabricated with normal incidence reflectivity in the vicinity of 40% to 50% for wavelengths in the 25 to 50 nm wavelength range. However many applications, for example solar telescopes and ultrafast studies using high harmonic generation sources, desire larger bandwidths than provided by high reflectivity Mg/SiC multilayers. We investigate introducing a third material, Scandium, to create a tri-material Mg/Sc/SiC multilayer allowing an increase the bandwidth while maintaining high reflectivity.

Aquila, Andrew; Salmassi, Farhad; Liu, Yanwei; Gullikson, Eric M.

2009-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

434

NH_50m_Wind  

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435

Highly accurate Michelson type wavelength meter that uses a rubidium stabilized 1560 nm diode laser as a wavelength reference  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigated the accuracy limitation of a wavelength meter installed in a vacuum chamber to enable us to develop a highly accurate meter based on a Michelson interferometer in 1550 nm optical communication bands. We found that an error of parts per million order could not be avoided using famous wavelength compensation equations. Chromatic dispersion of the refractive index in air can almost be disregarded when a 1560 nm wavelength produced by a rubidium (Rb) stabilized distributed feedback (DFB) diode laser is used as a reference wavelength. We describe a novel dual-wavelength self-calibration scheme that maintains high accuracy of the wavelength meter. The method uses the fundamental and second-harmonic wavelengths of an Rb-stabilized DFB diode laser. Consequently, a highly accurate Michelson type wavelength meter with an absolute accuracy of 5x10{sup -8} (10 MHz, 0.08 pm) over a wide wavelength range including optical communication bands was achieved without the need for a vacuum chamber.

Masuda, Shin; Kanoh, Eiji; Irisawa, Akiyoshi; Niki, Shoji

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Cryogenic ion implantation near amorphization threshold dose for halo/extension junction improvement in sub-30 nm device technologies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on junction advantages of cryogenic ion implantation with medium current implanters. We propose a methodical approach on maximizing cryogenic effects on junction characteristics near the amorphization threshold doses that are typically used for halo implants for sub-30 nm technologies. BF{sub 2}{sup +} implant at a dose of 8 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 13}cm{sup -2} does not amorphize silicon at room temperature. When implanted at -100 Degree-Sign C, it forms a 30 - 35 nm thick amorphous layer. The cryogenic BF{sub 2}{sup +} implant significantly reduces the depth of the boron distribution, both as-implanted and after anneals, which improves short channel rolloff characteristics. It also creates a shallower n{sup +}-p junction by steepening profiles of arsenic that is subsequently implanted in the surface region. We demonstrate effects of implant sequences, germanium preamorphization, indium and carbon co-implants for extension/halo process integration. When applied to sequences such as Ge+As+C+In+BF{sub 2}{sup +}, the cryogenic implants at -100 Degree-Sign C enable removal of Ge preamorphization, and form more active n{sup +}-p junctions and steeper B and In halo profiles than sequences at room temperature.

Park, Hugh; Todorov, Stan; Colombeau, Benjamin; Rodier, Dennis; Kouzminov, Dimitry; Zou Wei; Guo Baonian; Khasgiwale, Niranjan; Decker-Lucke, Kurt [Applied Materials, Varian Semiconductor Equipment, 35 Dory Road, Gloucester, Massachusetts 01930 (United States)

2012-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

437

Seedless Polyol Synthesis and CO Oxidation Activity of Monodisperse (111) and (100)-Oriented Rhodium Nanocrystals in Sub-10 nm Sizes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Monodisperse sub-10 nm (6.5 nm) sized Rh nanocrystals with (111) and (100) surface structures were synthesized by a seedless polyol reduction in ethylene glycol, with poly(vinylpyrrolidone) as a capping ligand. When using [Rh(Ac){sub 2}]{sub 2} as the metal precursor, (111)-oriented Rh nanopolyhedra containing 76% (111)-twined hexagons (in 2D projection) were obtained; whereas, when employing RhCl{sub 3} as the metal precursor in the presence of alkylammonium bromide, such as tetramethylammonium bromide and trimethyl(tetradecyl)ammonium bromide, (100)-oriented Rh nanocubes were obtained with 85% selectivity. The {l_brace}100{r_brace} faces of the Rh nanocrystals are stabilized by chemically adsorbed Br{sup -} ions from alkylammonium bromides, which led to (100)-oriented nanocubes. Monolayer films of the (111)-oriented Rh nanopolyhedra and (100)-oriented Rh nanocubes were deposited on silicon wafers in a Langmuir-Blodgett trough to make model 2D nanoarray catalysts. These nanocatalysts were active for CO oxidation by O{sub 2}, and the turnover frequency was independent of nanoparticle shape, consistent with that previously observed for Rh(111) and Rh(100) single crystals.

Zhang, Yawen; Grass, Michael E.; Huang, Wenyu; Somorjai, Gabor A.

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

438

EFFECTS OF UNRESOLVED MAGNETIC FIELD ON Fe I 617.3 AND 630.2 nm LINE SHAPES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The contribution of the quiet Sun to solar irradiance variability, either due to changes of the solar effective temperature or to the presence of unresolved magnetic field, is still poorly understood. In this study we investigate spectral line diagnostics that are sensitive to both temperature variations and the presence of small-scale unresolved magnetic features in these areas of the solar atmosphere. Specifically, we study the dependence on the magnetic flux density of three parameters describing the shape of two magnetically sensitive Fe I lines, at 630.2 nm and 617.3 nm, namely the line core intensity (IC), the FWHM, and the equivalent width (EQW). To this end we analyze observations of active region NOAA 11172, acquired with Interferometric Bidimensional Spectrometer at the Dunn Solar Telescope, as well as results from numerical synthesis. Our results show that IC is sensitive to both temperature and magnetic flux density variations, FWHM is mostly affected by magnetic field changes, and EQW is mostly sensitive to temperature. Variations of a few percent of the measured line parameters are found in observational data that were spatially degraded to represent quiet-Sun, disk-center, medium-resolution observations. It is therefore possible to disentangle magnetic from pure thermodynamic effects by the comparison of temporal variations of the EQW and the FWHM of either of the two Fe I lines.

Criscuoli, S.; Ermolli, I.; Giorgi, F. [INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Via Frascati 33, I-00040 Monte Porzio Catone (Italy)] [INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Via Frascati 33, I-00040 Monte Porzio Catone (Italy); Uitenbroek, H. [National Solar Observatory, Sacramento Peak, P.O. Box 62, Sunpsot, NM 88349 (United States)] [National Solar Observatory, Sacramento Peak, P.O. Box 62, Sunpsot, NM 88349 (United States)

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

439

Coupled-surface investigation of the photodissociation of NH{sub 3}(A-tilde): Effect of exciting the symmetric and antisymmetric stretching modes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using previously developed potential energy surfaces and their couplings, non-Born-Oppenheimer trajectory methods are used to study the state-selected photodissociation of ammonia, prepared with up to six quanta of vibrational excitation in the symmetric ({nu}{sub 1}) or antisymmetric ({nu}{sub 3}) stretching modes of NH{sub 3}(A-tilde). The predicted dynamics is mainly electronically nonadiabatic (that is, it produces ground electronic state amino radicals). The small probability of forming the excited-state amino radical is found, for low excitations, to increase with total energy and to be independent of whether the symmetric or antisymmetric stretch is excited; however some selectivity with respect to exciting the antisymmetric stretch is found when more than one quantum of excitation is added to the stretches, and more than 50% of the amino radical are found to be electronically excited when six quanta are placed in the antisymmetric stretch. These results are in contrast to the mechanism inferred in recent experimental work, where excitation of the antisymmetric stretch by a single quantum was found to produce significant amounts of excited-state products via adiabatic dissociation at total energies of about 7.0 eV. Both theory and experiment predict a broad range of translational energies for the departing H atoms when the symmetric stretch is excited, but the present simulations do not reproduce the experimental translational energy profiles when the antisymmetric stretch is excited. The sensitivity of the predicted results to several aspects of the calculation is considered in detail, and the analysis leads to insight into the nature of the dynamics that is responsible for mode selectivity.

Bonhommeau, David; Valero, Rosendo; Truhlar, Donald G. [Department of Chemistry and Supercomputing Institute, University of Minnesota, 207 Pleasant Street SE, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455-0431 (United States); Jasper, Ahren W. [Combustion Research Facility, Sandia National Laboratories, P.O. Box 969, Livermore, California 94551-0969 (United States)

2009-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

440

J. Phys. II France 2 (1992) 1439-1451 JULY1992, PAGE 1439 Classification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is a bilayer [1-4]. These typically arise in materials for which the lamellar phase (smectic liquid crystal) re (nc nh), (1.2) where nc denotes the number of components and nh the number of handles of the surface. These are usually "adjacent" to a lamellar phase in a pseudotemary phase diagram and the transition from lamellar

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

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441

Radiochemical investigations of 177Lu-DOTA-8-Aoc-BBN[7-14]NH2: an in vitro/in vivo assessment of the targeting ability of this new radiopharmaceutical for PC-3 human prostate cancer cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Bombesin (BBN), a 14 amino acid peptide, is an analogue of human gastrin releasing peptide (GRP) that binds to GRP receptors (GRPr) with high affinity and specificity. The \\{GRPr\\} is over expressed on a variety of human cancer cells including prostate, breast, lung, and pancreatic cancers. The specific aim of this study was to identify a BBN analogue that can be radiolabeled with 177Lu and maintains high specificity for \\{GRPr\\} positive prostate cancer tumors in vivo. A preselected synthetic sequence via solid phase peptide synthesis (SPPS) was designed to produce a DOTA-BBN (DOTA = 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-N,N?,N??,N???-tetraacetic acid) conjugate with the following general structure: DOTA-X-Q-W-A-V-G-H-L-M-(NH2), where the spacer group, X = ?-NH2(CH2)7COOH (8-Aoc). The BBN-construct was purified by reversed phase-HPLC (RP-HPLC). Electrospray Mass Spectrometry (ES-MS) was used to characterize both metallated and non-metallated BBN-conjugates. The new DOTA-conjugate was metallated with 177Lu(III)Cl3 or non-radioactive Lu(III)Cl3. The 177Lu(III)- and non-radiolabeled Lu(III)-conjugates exhibit the same retention times under identical RP-HPLC conditions. The 177Lu-DOTA-8-Aoc-BBN[7-14]NH2 conjugate was found to exhibit optimal pharmacokinetic properties in CF-1 normal mice. In vitro and in vivo models demonstrated the ability of the 177Lu-DOTA-8-Aoc-BBN[7-14]NH2 conjugate to specifically target GRP receptors expressed on PC-3 human prostate cancer cells.

C.Jeffrey Smith; Hariprasad Gali; Gary L. Sieckman; Donald L. Hayes; Nellie K. Owen; Dana G. Mazuru; Wynn A. Volkert; Timothy J. Hoffman

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Synthesis of HA-Seeded TTCP (Ca4(PO4)2O) Powders at 12301C from Ca(CH3COO)2 . H2O and NH4H2PO4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Synthesis of HA-Seeded TTCP (Ca4(PO4)2O) Powders at 12301C from Ca(CH3COO)2 . H2O and NH4H2PO4 University, Clemson, South Carolina 29634 Tetracalcium phosphate (TTCP) Ca4(PO4)2O is one of the major powder- state process by soaking Ca- and P-containing precursors be- tween 13501 and 15001C. Such procedures

Tas, A. Cuneyt

443

Refinement of the crystal structure of the high-temperature phase G0 in (NH4)2WO2F4 (powder, x-ray, and neutron scattering)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The (NH4)2WO2F4 compound undergoes a series of phase transitions: G0 -> 201 K -> G1 -> 160 K -> G2, with a significant change in entropy ( S1 ~ Rln10 at the G0 -> G1 transition), which indicates significant orientational disordering in the G0 phase and the order disorder type of the phase transition. X-ray diffraction is used to identify the crystal structure of the G0 phase as rhombohedral (sp. gr. Cmcm, Z = 4), determine the lattice parameters and the positions of all atoms (except hydrogen), and show that [WO2F4]2 ions can form a superposition of dynamic and static orientational disorders in the anionic sublattice. A determination of the orientational position of [NH4]+ ions calls for the combined method of elastic and inelastic neutron scattering. Inelastic neutron scattering is used to determine the state of hindered rotation for ammonium ions in the G0 phase. Powder neutron diffraction shows that the orientational disorder of NH4 ions can adequately be described within the free rotation approximation.

Novak, D. M. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, Russia; Smirnov, Lev S [Alikhanov Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Moscow, Russia; Kolesnikov, Alexander I [ORNL; Voronin, Vladimir [Institute of Metal Physics, Russia; Berger, I. F. [Institute of Metal Physics, Russia; Laptash, N. M. [Institute of Chemistry, Vladivostok, Russia; Vasil'ev, N. M. [Kirensky Institute of Physics, Krasnoyarsk, Russia; Flerov, I. N. [Kirensky Institute of Physics, Krasnoyarsk, Russia

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Solgel synthesis of iron(III) oxyhydroxide nanostructured monoliths using Fe(NO3)39H2O/CH3CH2OH/NH4OH ternary system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Iron(III) oxyhydroxide xerogels were prepared through solgel technology, using iron(III) nitrate nonahydrate as precursor, ethanol as solvent and ammonium hydroxide as gelation agent. This base is used for propylene oxide substitution, which was the gelation agent in previous works. Synthesis of a gel using NH4OH as a gelation agent is an innovative result with this type of precursor, since with metal salts the addition of a strong base commonly results in precipitation of the solid. The gel synthesis was achieved by controlling the base addition time. The dried material has a residual amount of organic impurities, in contrast with the significant amount detected in xerogels prepared using propylene oxide. The iron phase prevailing in the produced xerogels can be defined as ?-FeO(OH) (lepidocrocite), according to FTIR and Mssbauer analyses. The xerogels are formed by large clusters of well connected nanocrystallites of this phase. XRD revealed a crystalline phase retained inside the iron oxyhydroxide amorphous structure, which corresponds to NH4NO3 and results from the combination of NO3? and NH4+ ions in solution. The produced xerogel has a promising composition to be an oxidizing composite for the energetic materials area.

Lusa Dures; Orlando Oliveira; Leandro Benedini; Benilde F.O. Costa; Ana Matos Beja; Antnio Portugal

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Refinement of the crystal structure of the high-temperature phase G{sub 0} in (NH{sub 4}){sub 2}WO{sub 2}F{sub 4} (powder, X-ray, and neutron scattering)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The (NH{sub 4}){sub 2}WO{sub 2}F{sub 4} compound undergoes a series of phase transitions: G{sub 0} {yields} 201, K {yields} G{sub 1} {yields} 160, and K {yields} G{sub 2}, with a significant change in entropy ({Delta}S{sub 1} {approx} Rln10 at the G{sub 0} {yields} G{sub 1} transition), which indicates significant orientational disordering in the G{sub 0} phase and the order-disorder type of the phase transition. X-ray diffraction is used to identify the crystal structure of the G{sub 0} phase as rhombohedral (sp. gr. Cmcm, Z = 4), determine the lattice parameters and the positions of all atoms (except hydrogen), and show that [WO{sub 2}F{sub 4}]{sup 2-} ions can form a superposition of dynamic and static orientational disorders in the anionic sublattice. A determination of the orientational position of [NH{sub 4}]{sup +} ions calls for the combined method of elastic and inelastic neutron scattering. Inelastic neutron scattering is used to determine the state of hindered rotation for ammonium ions in the G{sub 0} phase. Powder neutron diffraction shows that the orientational disorder of NH{sub 4} ions can adequately be described within the free-rotation approximation.

Novak, D. M., E-mail: dmn@nf.jinr.ru; Smirnov, L. S. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Frank Neutron Physics Laboratory (Russian Federation)] [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Frank Neutron Physics Laboratory (Russian Federation); Kolesnikov, A. I. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Neutron Scattering Sciences Division (United States)] [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Neutron Scattering Sciences Division (United States); Voronin, V. I.; Berger, I. F. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Metal Physics, Ural Branch (Russian Federation)] [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Metal Physics, Ural Branch (Russian Federation); Laptash, N. M. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Chemistry, Far Eastern Branch (Russian Federation)] [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Chemistry, Far Eastern Branch (Russian Federation); Vasil'ev, A. D.; Flerov, I. N. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Kirensky Institute of Physics, Siberian Branch (Russian Federation)] [Russian Academy of Sciences, Kirensky Institute of Physics, Siberian Branch (Russian Federation)

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

446

Category:Utility Rate Impacts on PV Economics By Location | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utility Rate Impacts on PV Economics By Location Utility Rate Impacts on PV Economics By Location Jump to: navigation, search Impact of Utility Rates on PV Economics Montgomery, AL Little Rock, AR Flagstaff, AZ Phoenix, AZ Tucson, AZ Arcata, CA LA, CA San Francisco, CA Boulder, CO Eagle County, CO Pueblo, CO Bridgeport, CT Wilmington, DE Miami, FL Tampa, FL Atlanta, GA Savannah, GA Des Moines, IA Mason, IA Boise, ID Chicago, IL Springfield, IL Indianapolis, IN Goodland, KS Wichita, KS Lexington, KY New Orleans, LA Shreveport, LA Boston, MA Baltimore, MD Caribou, ME Portland, ME Detroit, MI Houghton-Lake, MI Traverse City, MI International Falls, MN Minneapolis, MN Kansas City, MO Jackson, MS Billings, MT Greensboro, NC Wilmington, NC Bismarck, ND Minot, ND Omaha, NE Concord, NH Atlantic City, NJ Albuquerque, NM Las Vegas, NV Reno, NV New York, NY

447

Toward the development of a soft x-ray reflection imaging microscope in the Schwarzschild configuration using a soft x-ray laser at 18. 2 nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the recent results obtained from a soft X-ray reflection imaging microscope in the Schwarzschild configuration. The microscope demonstrated a spatial resolution of 0.7 {mu}m with a magnification of 16 at 18.2 nm. The soft X-ray laser at 18.2 nm was used as an X-ray source. Mo/Si multilayers were coated on the Schwarzschild optics and the normal incidence reflectivity at 18.2 nm per surface was measured to be {approximately} 20 %. 18 refs., 6 figs.

Dicicco, D.; Rosser, R. (Princeton X-Ray Laser, Inc., Monmouth Junction, NJ (United States)); Kim, D.; Suckewer, S. (Princeton Univ., NJ (United States). Plasma Physics Lab.)

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

ZERH Training: Albuquerque, NM  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The DOE Zero Energy Ready Home is a high performance home which is so energy efficient, that a renewable energy system can offset all or most of its annual energy Consumption.US DOE Zero Energy...

449

Saturated Amplification of a Collisionally Pumped Optical-Field-Ionization Soft X-Ray Laser at 41.8 nm  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report the first saturated amplification of an optical-field-ionization soft x-ray laser. The amplifying medium is generated by focusing a circularly polarized 330-mJ, 35-fs, 10-Hz Ti:sapphire laser system in a few-mm cell filled with xenon. A gain of 67 cm -1 on the 4d95p-4d95d transition at 41.8 nm in Pd-like xenon and a gain-length product of 15 have been inferred at saturation. This source delivers about 5109 photons per pulse. The influence of the pumping energy and the laser polarization on the lasing output are also presented.

S. Sebban; R. Haroutunian; Ph. Balcou; G. Grillon; A. Rousse; S. Kazamias; T. Marin; J. P. Rousseau; L. Notebaert; M. Pittman; J. P. Chambaret; A. Antonetti; D. Hulin; D. Ros; A. Klisnick; A. Carillon; P. Jaegl; G. Jamelot; J. F. Wyart

2001-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

450

A polarized neutron reflectometry study of the spin glass freezing in a 29nm thick AuFe film  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We performed polarized neutron reflectometry (PNR) experiments on a 29nm thick Au93Fe7 film in a temperature range from 295K down to 2K in a vertical magnetic field up to 6T. These high-field experiments were performed on the C5 spectrometer in Chalk River, Canada, using a split-pair cryomagnet. The magnetization as determined by PNR can be described with a Brillouin function from 295K down to 50K assuming the magnetic moment of isolated Fe atoms, i.e. 4 ? B per Fe atom. Below 50K the onset of the spin-glass freezing is observed as a strong deviation from this Brillouin type behavior of isolated atoms.

H. Fritzsche; M. Saoudi; K. Temst; C. Van Haesendonck

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Room-Temperature Silicon Nitrides Prepared with Very High Rates (>50nm/s) in Atmospheric-Pressure Very High-Frequency Plasma  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have investigated the structure and stability of SiN x ...films deposited with very high rates (>50nm/s) in atmospheric-pressure (AP) He-based plasma excited by a 150MHz ver...

Hiroaki Kakiuchi; Hiromasa Ohmi; Kei Nakamura

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Cooler-less and heat-sink free 980nm pump laser diode module wavelength-stabilized from -40 to 100 C  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cooler-less 200mW kink free 980nm LD module was developed. Center wavelength was locked and unnecessary modes were suppressed from -40 to 100 deg. C. under low heat dissipation...

Irie, Yuichiro; Koseki, Takashi; Minamino, Masayuki; Miyokawa, Jun; Nishikata, Kevin; Koiso, Takeshi; Yamagata, Yuji; Ikegami, Yoshikazu

453

Spatial coherence measurements of a 13.2 nm transient nickel-like cadmium soft x-ray laser pumped at grazing incidence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

K. Nishihara, Spatial Coherence Measurement of 13.9 nm Ni-Transverse spatial coherence of a transient nickellikeanalysis of x-ray laser coherence, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 16.

Lui, Y.; Wang, Y.; Larotonda, M.A.; Luther, B.M.; Rocca, J.J.; Attwood, D.T.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

All-optical memory operation of 980-nm polarization bistable VCSEL for 20-Gb/s PRBS RZ and 40-Gb/s NRZ data signals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The fastest known operation of all-optical flip-flop memory was experimentally demonstrated using a 980-nm polarization bistable vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL)....

Sakaguchi, Jun; Katayama, Takeo; Kawaguchi, Hitoshi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Analysis of the efficiency of using 1265-nm cw laser radiation for initiating oxidative stress in the tissue of a solid malignant tumour  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The possibility of laser initiation of oxidative stress was studied by the example of the tumour tissue of cervix. The laser facility with the operating wavelength 1265 nm that falls within the region of resonance absorption of molecular oxygen was used for initiation. The source of radiation in the experiments was a fibre SRS laser with the repeated cascade conversion of radiation of a 1125-nm ytterbium laser. (optical fibres, lasers and amplifiers. properties and applications)

Gening, T P; Voronova, O S; Dolgova, D R; Abakumova, T V; Zolotovskii, Igor' O; Sholokhov, E M; Kurkov, Andrei S; Gening, S O

2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

456

Experimental and theoretical investigations of the reactions NH(X {sup 3}{sigma}{sup -})+D({sup 2}S){yields}ND(X {sup 3}{sigma}{sup -})+H({sup 2}S) and NH(X {sup 3}{sigma}{sup -})+D({sup 2}S){yields}N({sup 4}S)+HD(X {sup 1}{sigma}{sub g}{sup +})  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The rate coefficient of the reaction NH(X {sup 3}{sigma}{sup -})+D({sup 2}S){yields}{sup k{sub 1}}products (1) is determined in a quasistatic laser-flash photolysis, laser-induced fluorescence system at low pressures. The NH(X) radicals are produced by quenching of NH(a {sup 1}{delta}) (obtained in the photolysis of HN{sub 3}) with Xe and the D atoms are generated in a D{sub 2}/He microwave discharge. The NH(X) concentration profile is measured in the presence of a large excess of D atoms. The room-temperature rate coefficient is determined to be k{sub 1}=(3.9{+-}1.5)x10{sup 13} cm{sup 3} mol{sup -1} s{sup -1}. The rate coefficient k{sub 1} is the sum of the two rate coefficients, k{sub 1a} and k{sub 1b}, which correspond to the reactions NH(X {sup 3}{sigma}{sup -})+D({sup 2}S){yields}{sup k{sub 1a}}ND(X {sup 3}{sigma}{sup -})+H({sup 2}S) (1a) and NH(X {sup 3}{sigma}{sup -})+D({sup 2}S){yields}{sup k{sub 1b}}N({sup 4}S)+HD(X {sup 1}{sigma}{sub g}{sup +}) (1b), respectively. The first reaction proceeds via the {sup 2}A{sup ''} ground state of NH{sub 2} whereas the second one proceeds in the {sup 4}A{sup ''} state. A global potential energy surface is constructed for the {sup 2}A{sup ''} state using the internally contracted multireference configuration interaction method and the augmented correlation consistent polarized valence quadrupte zeta atomic basis. This potential energy surface is used in classical trajectory calculations to determine k{sub 1a}. Similar trajectory calculations are performed for reaction (1b) employing a previously calculated potential for the {sup 4}A{sup ''} state. The calculated room-temperature rate coefficient is k{sub 1}=4.1x10{sup 13} cm{sup 3} mol{sup -1} s{sup -1} with k{sub 1a}=4.0x10{sup 13} cm{sup 3} mol{sup -1} s{sup -1} and k{sub 1b}=9.1x10{sup 11} cm{sup 3} mol{sup -1} s{sup -1}. The theoretically determined k{sub 1} shows a very weak positive temperature dependence in the range 250{<=}T/K{<=}1000. Despite the deep potential well, the exchange reaction on the {sup 2}A{sup ''} ground-state potential energy surface is not statistical.

Qu, Z.-W.; Zhu, H.; Schinke, R.; Adam, L.; Hack, W. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Dynamik und Selbstorganisation, D-37073 Goettingen (Germany); Max-Planck-Institut fuer biophysikalische Chemie, D-37077 Goettingen (Germany)

2005-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

457

Electric resistance and magnetoresistance of a two-layer epitaxial heterostructure (30 nm)La0.67Ca0.33MnO3/(30 nm)La0.67Ba0.33MnO3  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Two-layer epitaxial heterostructures (30 nm)La0.67Ca0.33MnO3/(30 nm)La0.67Ba0.33MnO3 (LCMO/LBMO) have been grown by laser deposition on single crystal (001)LaAlO3 (LAO) substrates. In this system, the upper (LCMO...

Yu. A. Boikov; V. A. Danilov

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Comparison of the processes induced by nitrogen dilution on the photodissociation of silane and disilane at 193 nm  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We compare the influence of the dilution of silane and disilane in nitrogen during laser photodissociation to produce silicon at 193nm, at room temperature in a static reaction chamber. The experimental results show that the conversion of the reactant gas and its deposition yield can be controlled by varying adequately the extent of dilution. So, two total pressure regions have been observed, independent of the dilution: below 4050Torr, the variations of stable species concentration are very important but above these values the variation in the dilution rate has practically no effects on their concentrations. In the first region, during the silane photodissociation at the initial reactant pressure below 5Torr, the conversion of silane increases with increasing dilution, and at higher initial reactant pressure the conversion of silane tends to rise only a little. In contrast, at any initial reactant pressure, the conversion of disilane during its photodecomposition decreases with increasing dilution. In the second region, the concentration of each stable gaseous species tends to reach a pressure stationary-state. For both the silane and disilane photodissociation, the deposition yield of silicon increases with decreasing the initial reactant gas pressure and it reaches a pressure stationary-state above 50% dilution; but in all the cases, it is greater in disilane photolysis than that of silane. A simple kinetic model is proposed for which the computed results predict the time-evolution of gas composition and amount of silicon deposited.

B. Aka; E. Boch

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Modeling of clusters in a strong 248-nm laser field by a three-dimensional relativistic molecular dynamic model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A relativistic time-dependent three-dimensional particle simulation model has been developed to study the interaction of intense ultrashort KrF (248 nm) laser pulses with small Xe clusters. The trajectories of the electrons and ions are treated classically according to the relativistic equation of motion. The model has been applied to a different regime of ultrahigh intensities extending to 10{sup 21} W/cm{sup 2}. In particular, the behavior of the interaction with the clusters from intensities of {approx}10{sup 15} W/cm{sup 2} to intensities sufficient for a transition to the so-called 'collective oscillation model' has been explored. At peak intensities below 10{sup 20} W/cm{sup 2}, all electrons are removed from the cluster and form a plasma. It is found that the 'collective oscillation model' commences at intensities in excess of 10{sup 20} W/cm{sup 2}, the range that can be reached in stable relativistic channels. At these high intensities, the magnetic field has a profound effect on the shape and trajectory of the electron cloud. Specifically, the electrons are accelerated to relativistic velocities with energies exceeding 1 MeV in the direction of laser propagation and the magnetic field distorts the shape of the electron cloud to give the form of a pancake.

Petrov, G.M.; Davis, J.; Velikovich, A.L.; Kepple, P.C.; Dasgupta, A.; Clark, R.W. [Plasma Physics Division, Naval Research Laboratory, 4555 Overlook Ave SW, Washington, DC 20375 (United States); Borisov, A.B.; Boyer, K.; Rhodes, C.K. [Laboratory for X-Ray Microimaging and Bioinformatics, Department of Physics, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60607-7059 (United States)

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

NGA98fin5.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC 0.00-1.99 2.00-2.99 3.00-3.99 4.00-4.99 5.00-5.99 6.00-6.99 7.00+ NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC 0.00-1.99 2.00-2.99 3.00-3.99 4.00-4.99 5.00-5.99 6.00-6.99 7.00+ 18. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Onsystem Industrial Consumers, 1998 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure 19. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Electric Utilities, 1998 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure Sources: Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), Form FERC-423, "Monthly Report of Cost and Quality of Fuels for Electric Plants," and Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nh nm nc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

C:\ANNUAL\VENTCHAP.V8\NGAla1109.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2000 2000 NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC 0.00-1.99 2.00-3.99 4.00-5.99 6.00-7.99 8.00-9.99 10.00-11.99 12.00+ NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC 0.00-1.99 2.00-3.99 4.00-5.99 6.00-7.99 8.00-99.99 10.00-11.99 12.00+ 19. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Onsystem Industrial Consumers, 2000 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure 20. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Electric Utilities, 2000 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure Sources: Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), Form FERC-423, "Monthly Report of Cost and Quality of Fuels for Electric Plants," and Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural

462

C:\Annual\VENTCHAP.V8\NGA02.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2002 2002 0.00-1.99 2.00-3.99 4.00-5.99 6.00-7.99 8.00-9.99 10.00-11.99 12.00+ WA ID MT OR CA NV UT AZ NM CO WY ND SD MN WI NE IA KS MO TX IL IN OH MI OK AR TN W VA KY MD PA WI NY VT NH MA CT ME RI NJ DE DC NC SC GA AL MS LA FL HI AK Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition," and Form EIA 910, "Monthly Natural Gas Marketer Survey." 17. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Commercial Consumers, 2002 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure 0.00-1.99 2.00-3.99 4.00-5.99 6.00-7.99 8.00-9.99 10.00-11.99 12.00+ WA ID MT OR CA NV UT AZ NM CO WY ND SD MN WI NE IA KS MO TX IL IN OH MI OK AR TN W VA KY MD PA WI NY VT NH MA CT ME RI NJ DE DC NC SC GA AL MS LA FL HI AK 16. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Residential Consumers, 2002 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure Source: Energy Information Administration

463

Microsoft Word - Figure_18_19.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 0.00-2.49 2.50-4.49 4.50-6.49 6.50-8.49 8.50-10.49 10.50+ WA ID MT OR CA NV UT AZ NM CO WY ND SD MN WI NE IA KS MO TX IL IN OH MI OK AR TN WV VA KY PA WI NY VT NH MA CT ME RI NJ DE DC NC SC GA AL MS LA FL HI AK MD 0.00-2.49 2.50-4.49 4.50-6.49 6.50-8.49 8.50-10.49 10.50+ WA ID MT OR CA NV UT AZ NM CO WY ND SD MN WI NE IA KS MO TX IL IN OH MI OK AR TN WV VA KY MD PA WI NY VT NH MA CT ME RI NJ DE DC NC SC GA AL MS LA FL HI AK Figure 18. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Onsystem Industrial Consumers, 2004 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure 19. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Electric Power Consumers, 2004 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." Note: States where the electric power price has been withheld (see Table 23) are included in the $0.00-$2.49 price category.

464

Microsoft Word - NGAMaster_State_TablesNov12.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

49 49 0.00-1.99 2.00-3.99 4.00-5.99 6.00-7.99 8.00-9.99 10.00-11.99 12.00+ WA ID MT OR CA NV UT AZ NM CO WY ND SD MN WI NE IA KS MO TX IL IN OH MI OK AR TN WV VA KY PA WI NY VT NH MA CT ME RI NJ DE DC NC SC GA AL MS LA FL HI AK MD 0.00-1.99 2.00-3.99 4.00-5.99 6.00-7.99 8.00-9.99 10.00-11.99 12.00+ WA ID MT OR CA NV UT AZ NM CO WY ND SD MN WI NE IA KS MO TX IL IN OH MI OK AR TN WV VA KY MD PA WI NY VT NH MA CT ME RI NJ DE DC NC SC GA AL MS LA FL HI AK Figure 18. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Onsystem Industrial Consumers, 2003 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure 19. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Electric Power Consumers, 2003 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." Note: States where the electric power price has been withheld (see Table 23) are included in the $0.00-$1.99 price category.

465

C:\Annual\VENTCHAP.V8\NGA02.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2 2 0.00-1.99 2.00-3.99 4.00-5.99 6.00-7.99 8.00-9.99 10.00-11.99 12.00+ WA ID MT OR CA NV UT AZ NM CO WY ND SD MN WI NE IA KS MO TX IL IN OH MI OK AR TN W VA KY MD PA WI NY VT NH MA CT ME RI NJ DE DC NC SC GA AL MS LA FL HI AK 18. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Onsystem Industrial Consumers, 2002 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." 0.00-1.99 2.00-3.99 4.00-5.99 6.00-7.99 8.00-9.99 10.00-11.99 12.00+ WA ID MT OR CA NV UT AZ NM CO WY ND SD MN WI NE IA KS MO TX IL IN OH MI OK AR TN W VA KY MD PA WI NY VT NH MA CT ME RI NJ DE DC NC SC GA AL MS LA FL HI AK 19. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Electric Utilities, 2002 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure Sources: Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), Form FERC-423, "Monthly Report of Cost

466

NGA_99fin.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC Note: Commercial prices include natural gas delivered for use as vehicle fuel. Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." 0.00-1.99 2.00-2.99 3.00-3.99 4.00-4.99 5.00-5.99 6.00-6.99 7.00+ 0.00-1.99 2.00-2.99 3.00-3.99 4.00-4.99 5.00-5.99 6.00-6.99 7.00+ 16. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Residential Consumers, 1999 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure

467

C:\ANNUAL\VENTCHAP.V8\NGA.VP  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC Note: Commercial prices include natural gas delivered for use as vehicle fuel. Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." 0.00-1.99 2.00-2.99 3.00-3.99 4.00-4.99 5.00-5.99 6.00-6.99 7.00+ 0.00-1.99 2.00-2.99 3.00-3.99 4.00-4.99 5.00-5.99 6.00-6.99 7.00+ 16. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Residential Consumers, 1997 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure

468

C:\ANNUAL\VENTCHAP.V8\NewNGA02.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2001 2001 0.00-1.99 2.00-3.99 4.00-5.99 6.00-7.99 8.00-9.99 10.00-11.99 12.00+ WA ID MT OR CA NV UT AZ NM CO WY ND SD MN WI NE IA KS MO TX IL IN OH MI OK AR TN W VA KY MD PA WI NY VT NH MA CT ME RI NJ DE DC NC SC GA AL MS LA FL HI AK Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." 28. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Onsystem Residential Consumers, 2001 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure 0.00-1.99 2.00-3.99 4.00-5.99 6.00-7.99 8.00-9.99 10.00-11.99 12.00+ WA ID MT OR CA NV UT AZ NM CO WY ND SD MN WI NE IA KS MO TX IL IN OH MI OK AR TN W VA KY MD PA WI NY VT NH MA CT ME RI NJ DE DC NC SC GA AL MS LA FL HI AK Note: Commercial prices include natural gas delivered for use as vehicle fuel. Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition."

469

NGA98fin5.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1998 1998 NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC Note: Commercial prices include natural gas delivered for use as vehicle fuel. Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." 0.00-1.99 2.00-2.99 3.00-3.99 4.00-4.99 5.00-5.99 6.00-6.99 7.00+ 0.00-1.99 2.00-2.99 3.00-3.99 4.00-4.99 5.00-5.99 6.00-6.99 7.00+ 16. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Residential Consumers, 1998 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure

470

C:\ANNUAL\VENTCHAP.V8\NewNGA02.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2001 2001 0.00-1.99 2.00-3.99 4.00-5.99 6.00-7.99 8.00-9.99 10.00-11.99 12.00+ WA ID MT OR CA NV UT AZ NM CO WY ND SD MN WI NE IA KS MO TX IL IN OH MI OK AR TN W VA KY MD PA WI NY VT NH MA CT ME RI NJ DE DC NC SC GA AL MS LA FL HI AK Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." 30. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Onsystem Industrial Consumers, 2001 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure 0.00-1.99 2.00-3.99 4.00-5.99 6.00-7.99 8.00-9.99 10.00-11.99 12.00+ WA ID MT OR CA NV UT AZ NM CO WY ND SD MN WI NE IA KS MO TX IL IN OH MI OK AR TN W VA KY MD PA WI NY VT NH MA CT ME RI NJ DE DC NC SC GA AL MS LA FL HI AK 31. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Electric Utilities, 2001 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure Sources: Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), Form FERC-423, "Monthly Report of

471

NGA_99fin.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC 0.00-1.99 2.00-2.99 3.00-3.99 4.00-4.99 5.00-5.99 6.00-6.99 7.00+ NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC 0.00-1.99 2.00-2.99 3.00-3.99 4.00-4.99 5.00-5.99 6.00-6.99 7.00+ 18. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Onsystem Industrial Consumers, 1999 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure 19. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Electric Utilities, 1999 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure Sources: Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), Form FERC-423, "Monthly Report of Cost and Quality of Fuels for Electric Plants," and Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental

472

C:\ANNUAL\VENTCHAP.V8\NGAla1109.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Energy Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Annual 2000 NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC Note: Commercial prices include natural gas delivered for use as vehicle fuel. Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." 0.00-1.99 2.00-3.99 4.00-5.99 6.00-7.99 8.00-9.99 10.00-11.99 12.00+ 0.00-1.99 2.00-3.99 4.00-5.99 6.00-7.99 8.00-9.99 10.00-11.99 12.00+ 17. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Residential

473

Soft X-ray reflectivity and structure evaluation of CoCr/C multilayer X-ray mirrors for spectral region around 6nm  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The development of highly-reflective multilayer mirrors for use in the 6-nm region is desired for X-ray photoemission spectroscopy for inner-shell excitation using a Schwarzschild objective. For this application, reflectivity is the most critical parameter determining the performance of multilayer mirrors, because the reflectivities of multilayers in the 6-nm region are generally very low. We have designed CoCr/C multilayer mirrors with a comparatively high reflectivity at around normal incidence and have fabricated them by magnetron sputtering. The measured peak reflectivity is about 11.5% at a wavelength of around 6nm and an incident angle of 88. Thermal annealing was found to markedly improve the reflectivity, and a high value of 13% was obtained by annealing at 400 in an Ar atmosphere for 1h.

H. Takenaka; K. Nagai; H. Ito; Y. Muramatsu; T. Kawamura; E. Gullikson; R.C.C. Perera

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

NC-JRA-006_Manual Lifting  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

personnel without forklifts and other mechanical assistance. Severity (C) First Aid Only Medical Treatment Lost Time Partial Disability Death or Permanent Disability Training...

475

NC-FRA-002_General Office Work  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

onceshift Job Description: General Office Work Severity (C) First Aid Only Medical Treatment Lost Time Partial Disability Death or Permanent Disability Training...

476

NC-JRA-016 Working with Nanomaterials  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

fixed in a matrix, suspended in liquid or free particulate Severity (C) First Aid Only Medical Treatment Lost Time Partial Disability Death or Permanent Disability Training...

477

Dowel Bar Standardization NC^2 Spring Meeting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

" > 10" ­ 12" >12" Dowel Bar Diameter 1" 1¼" 1½" 1 ½" Height to center of dowel** 3" 4" 5" 6" **Elect to have thinner cover in bottom of slab vs. top of slab #12;Proposed Dowel Bar Diameters "Engineering" > 10" ­ 12" >12" Dowel Bar Diameter 1" 1¼" 1½" 1 ½" Height to center of dowel** 3" 4" 5" 6" **Elect

478

NC-JRA-005_Cryogenic_Work  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

5CryogenicWork.doc Page 1 of 3 Rev. 1 5162011 Name(s) of Risk Team Members: L. Davis, D. Elling, R. Sabatini Point Value Parameter 1 2 3 4 5 Frequency (B)

479

NC-JRA-001_Electron Microscopy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

samples between labs and buildings SBMS Transportation, PPE, training N 1 3 2 2 12 *Risk: 0 to 20 21 to 40 41-60 61 to 80 81 or greater Negligible Acceptable Moderate...

480

Breeze Family Farm Orange County, NC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

landowners a vehicle to protect and conserve natural resources in North Carolina. Gifts of land sustain our Carolina's ecological well-being may be held in perpetuity. Through Landscapes, the College will work funding through the creation of an endowment to support Coastal Ecology Extension Agents who will link

Langerhans, Brian

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nh nm nc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Low resistivity Ga-doped ZnO thin films of less than 100 nm thickness prepared by ion plating with direct current arc discharge  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Low resistivity Ga-doped ZnO films were prepared on a glass substrate by ion plating with direct current arc discharge. Thickness dependent changes in the electrical properties of the films are reported, focusing on the thin films of less than 100 nm thickness. Structural analyses showed that the thinnest film of 30 nm thickness consists of well-oriented columnar grains normal to the substrate, and the resistivity was as low as 4.4x10{sup -4} {omega} cm. The changes in lattice strain and c-axis fluctuation with the growth of grains are also shown to be associated with the electrical properties.

Yamada, Takahiro; Miyake, Aki; Kishimoto, Seiichi; Makino, Hisao; Yamamoto, Naoki; Yamamoto, Tetsuya [Kochi University of Technology, 185, Miyanokuchi, Tosayamada, Kami, Kochi 782-8502 (Japan)

2007-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

482

Application of an all-solid-state, frequency-doubled Nd:YAP laser to the generation of twin beams at 1080 nm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A laser-diode-pumped intracavity frequency-doubled Nd:YAP/KTP laser is presented. Over 110 mw of TEM00 single-frequency output power at 540-nm wavelength was obtained. The output green laser was employed to pump a semimonolithic nondegenerate optical parametric oscillator to produce intensity quantum correlated twin beams at 1080 nm, and the maximum quantum noise squeezing of 74 %(5.9 dB) on the intensity difference fluctuation between the twin beams is observed. The threshold was reduced and the stability was increased significantly when compared with similar lamp-pumped systems.

Ruixiang Guo; Julien Laurat; Jiangrui Gao; Changde Xie; Kunchi Peng

2005-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

483

Morphology control of open-framework zinc phosphate Zn{sub 4}(H{sub 3}O)(NH{sub 4}){sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 4} via microwave-assisted technique  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Open-framework zinc phosphates were synthesized by microwave-assisted technique, and it was shown that the morphology of as-prepared materials could be easily tailored by changing synthesis temperature, reaction time and pH value. During the synthesis, when the reaction temperature increases from 130 C to 220 C, the products transformed from hexagonal prisms to polyhedron along with the disappearance of the hexagonal prisms vertical plane. Simultaneously, both the reaction time and pH value could promote the nucleation and growth of crystal particles. More interestingly, the target products with different morphologies could be obtained by varying the usage of NaOH or NH{sub 3}H{sub 2}O at 130 C during the microwave synthesis process. - Graphical abstract: Zinc phosphates with variable morphologies can be obtained by simply tuning the microwave-heating temperatures. Display Omitted - Highlights: Synthesis of open-framework Zn{sub 4} (H{sub 3}O) (NH{sub 4}){sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 4} compounds employing microwave technique. Dependence of morphology on the reaction conditions. Morphology transformation from hexagonal prisms to polyhedron was observed.

Ding, Ling [School of Textile and Material Science, Dalian Polytechnic University, Dalian 116034 (China); Song, Yu, E-mail: songyu@dlpu.edu.cn [School of Textile and Material Science, Dalian Polytechnic University, Dalian 116034 (China); Yang, Wei; Xue, Run-Miao [School of Textile and Material Science, Dalian Polytechnic University, Dalian 116034 (China); Zhai, Shang-Ru [Faculty of Light Industry and Chemical Engineering, Dalian Polytechnic University, Dalian 116034 (China); An, Qing-Da, E-mail: anqingda@dlpu.edu.cn [Faculty of Light Industry and Chemical Engineering, Dalian Polytechnic University, Dalian 116034 (China)

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

484

Emission Spectroscopy of Dissociative Allyl Iodide and Allyl Alcohol Excited at 199.7 nm B. F. Parsons, D. E. Szpunar, and L. J. Butler*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Emission Spectroscopy of Dissociative Allyl Iodide and Allyl Alcohol Excited at 199.7 nm B. F investigated the emission spectroscopy of allyl iodide, CH2dCHCH2I, and allyl alcohol, CH2dCHCH2- OH, excited). The emission spectrum is dominated by activity in the CH2 wag and the CdC stretch, reflecting the dynamics

Butler, Laurie J.

485

H-atom high-n Rydberg time-of-flight spectroscopy of CH bond fission in acrolein dissociated at 193 nm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

H-atom high-n Rydberg time-of-flight spectroscopy of C­H bond fission in acrolein dissociated-atom velocity distribution from one- and multiple-photon dissociation processes in acrolein following excitation at 193 nm. The one-photon H-atom signal is dominated by primary C­H bond fission in acrolein. We compare

Butler, Laurie J.

486

Direct atomic flux measurement of electron-beam evaporated yttrium with a diode-laser-based atomic absorption monitor at 668 nm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with a diode-laser-based atomic absorption AA monitor at 668 nm. Atomic number density and velocity were measured through absorption and Doppler shift measurements to provide the atomic flux. The AA previously developed diode-laser-based atomic absorption AA monitors for atomic density measurements

Fejer, Martin M.

487

A study of the ground and excited states of Al3 and Al3 Computational analysis of the 488 nm anion photoelectron spectrum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A study of the ground and excited states of Al3 and Al3 - . II. Computational analysis of the 488 nm anion photoelectron spectrum and a reconsideration of the Al3 bond dissociation energy Stephen R-lying excited electronic states of Al3 - and Al3 and compared with the available spectroscopic data

Truhlar, Donald G

488

Sub-50 nm high aspect-ratio silicon pillars, ridges, and trenches fabricated using ultrahigh resolution electron beam lithography and reactive ion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-ethoxyethanol and methanol. Cr, 50 nm thick, was then deposited via electron beam evaporation at a rate of 0.1 n of Cl,, SiCl,, and He gases were tested. Chlorine was used because it has been shown to produce vertical sidewalls4 due to the ion assisted etching mecha- nism," but has the drawback of producing trenches

489

Seasonal variability in the vertical attenuation coefficient at 490 nm (K490) in waters around Puerto Rico and US Virgin Islands.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ecosystems. KEYWORDS: Water Diffuse Attenuation Coefficient, Kd, Remote Sensing, Ocean Color, Puerto Rico, US this affected sediment resuspension, intense water column mixing, and increased delivery of terrestrialSeasonal variability in the vertical attenuation coefficient at 490 nm (K490) in waters around

Gilbes, Fernando

490

Reclamation Rural Water Act 56th Annual NM Water Conf., New Water New Energy: A Conference Linking Desalination and Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Desalination and Renewable Energy 71 Reclamation Rural Water Act: Southwestern Navajo Rural Water Supply researching new techniques for using renewable energy for desalination in an off grid setting. Kevin Black SrReclamation Rural Water Act 56th Annual NM Water Conf., New Water New Energy: A Conference Linking

Johnson, Eric E.

491

Electric resistance and magnetoresistance of 30-nm-Thick La0.67Ca0.33MnO3 films elastically compressed in the (110) plane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have studied the structure, electric resistance, and magnetoresistance of 30-nm-thick (...0.67Ca0.33MnO3 (LCMO) films grown by laser deposition on (001)-oriented LaAlO3 substrates. The unit cell parameters a a...

Yu. A. Boikov; M. P. Volkov

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Near-resonance enhanced O2 detection for dual-broadband pure rotational coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering with an ultraviolet-visible setup at 266 nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Broadband and dual-broadband coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) are widely established tools for nonintrusive gas diagnostics. Up to now the investigations have been mainly performed for electronic nonresonant conditions of the gas species of interest. We report on the enhancement of the O2-N2 detection limit of dual-broadband pure rotational CARS by shifting the wavelength of the narrowband pump laser from the commonly used 532-266 nm. This enhancement is caused when the Schumann-Runge absorption band is approached near 176 nm. The principal concept of this experiment, i.e., covering the Raman resonance with a single- or dual-broadband combination of lasers in the visible range and moving only the narrowband probe laser near or directly into electronic resonant conditions in the UV range, should also be applicable to broadband CARS experiments to directly exploit electronic resonance effects for the purpose of single-shot concentration measurements of minority species. To quantify the enhancement in O2 sensitivity, comparative measurements at both a 266 and a 532 nm narrowband pump laser wavelength are presented, employing a 4-dicyanomethylene-2-methyl-6-(p-dimethylaminostyryl)-4H-pyram (DCM) dye laser as a broadband laser source at 635 nm. An increase of approximately 13% in the ratio of the rotational CARS cross sections of O2 and N2 was obtained. The broad spectral width of the CARS excitation profile was approximately equal for both setups. Further enhancement should be achievable by shifting the narrowband pump laser closer toward 176 nm, for example, with a frequency-doubled optical parametric oscillator or an excimer laser. The principal concept of this experiment should also be applicable to broadband CARS experiments to directly exploit electronic resonance effects of the narrowband pump laser with electronic transitions of minority species for the purpose of single-shot concentration measurements of those species.

Schenk, Martin; Seeger, Thomas; Leipertz, Alfred

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Revised Manuscript  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

NC 27695, USA 3 Department of Physics, Duke University, Durham, NC 27706, USA G.M. Hale Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545, USA Abstract: A compilation of...

494

Ion mobility and phase transitions in heptafluorodiantimonates(III) Cs(1?x)(NH4)xSb2F7 and K0.4Rb0.6Sb2F7 according to NMR and DSC data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Ion mobility and phase transitions in heptafluorodiantimonates(III) Cs1?x(NH4)xSb2F7 (x=0.2; 0.6) and K0.4Rb0.6Sb2F7 were studied by the 19F, 1H NMR and DSC. The character of ionic motions in fluoride and ammonium sublattices with temperature variations was investigated. Types of ion motions and temperature ranges in which they are observed were determined. It was found that the predominant form of ionic motions in high-temperature modifications is a diffusion of fluorine atoms, whereas the number of diffusing ammonium ions depends on the sample composition. The observed phase transitions in heptafluorodiantimonates(III) of cesiumammonium and potassiumrubidium with a formation of high-temperature modifications are transitions into a superionic state (?>10?3S/cm above 450K).

V.Ya. Kavun; M.M. Polyantsev; L.A. Zemnukhova; A.B. Slobodyuk; V.I. Sergienko

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

1H NMR investigation of the spin dynamics of the spin-frustrated trinuclear Fe cluster (NH4)[Fe3(?3-OH)(H2L)3(HL)3]?(H3L=orotic acid)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Proton nuclear-magnetic-resonance (NMR) measurements have been performed in the cluster (NH4)[Fe3(?3-OH)(H2L)3(HL)3]?(H3L=orotic acid) in order to investigate the electron spin dynamics of the Fe trinuclear unit. The proton NMR spectra and spin-lattice relaxation times T1 have been measured at temperatures between 3 K and room temperature. The 1/T1 rate exhibits a broad maximum around 50 K, which is attributed to slow local-field fluctuations of the electronic spin system of the order of the Larmor period, associated with magnetic excitations between the discrete low-lying energy levels of the cluster. The observation and relaxation analysis of the 1/T1 maximum provide an independent measurement of the energy difference between the ground and the first-excited state of the trinuclear unit and corroborates the results of previous static susceptibility measurements.

M. Fardis; G. Diamantopoulos; M. Karayianni; G. Papavassiliou; V. Tangoulis; A. Konsta

2001-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

496

Hydrogen storage in a combined M.sub.xAlH.sub.6/M'.sub.y(NH.sub.2).sub.z system and methods of making and using the same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

As a promising clean fuel for vehicles, hydrogen can be used for propulsion, either directly or in fuel cells. Hydrogen storage compositions having high storage capacity, good dehydrogenation kinetics, and hydrogen release and uptake reactions which are reversible are disclosed and described. Generally a hydrogen storage composition of a metal aluminum hexahydride and a metal amide can be used. A combined system (Li.sub.3AIH.sub.6/3LiNH.sub.2) with a very high inherent hydrogen capacity (7.3 wt %) can be carried out at moderate temperatures, and with approximately 95% of that inherent hydrogen storage capacity (7.0%) is reversible over repeated cycling of release and uptake.

Lu, Jun (Salt Lake City, UT); Fang, Zhigang Zak (Salt Lake City, UT); Sohn, Hong Yong (Salt Lake City, UT)

2012-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

497

High-Resolution PFPE-based Molding Techniques for Nanofabrication of High-Pattern Density, Sub-20nm Features: A Fundamental Materials Approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Several perfluoropolyether (PFPE)-based elastomers for high-resolution replica molding applications are explored. The modulus of the elastomeric materials was increased through synthetic and additive approaches while maintaining relatively low surface tension values (<25 mN/m). Using large area (>4 in.{sup 2}) master templates, we experimentally show the relationship between mold resolution and material properties such as modulus and surface tension for materials used in this study. A composite mold approach was used to form flexible molds out of stiff, high modulus materials that allow for replication of sub-20 nm post structures. Sub-100 nm line grating master templates, formed using e-beam lithography, were used to determine the experimental stability of the molding materials. It was observed that as the feature spacing decreased, high modulus PFPE tetramethacrylate (TMA) composite molds were able to effectively replicate the nanograting structures without cracking or tear-out defects that typically occur with high modulus elastomers.

Williams, Stuart S.; Retterer, Scott; Lopez, Rene; Ruiz, Ricardo; Samulski, Edward T.; DeSimone, Joseph M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Demonstrating 1 nm-oxide-equivalent-thickness HfO{sub 2}/InSb structure with unpinning Fermi level and low gate leakage current density  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this work, the band alignment, interface, and electrical characteristics of HfO{sub 2}/InSb metal-oxide-semiconductor structure have been investigated. By using x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis, the conduction band offset of 1.78 0.1 eV and valence band offset of 3.35 0.1 eV have been extracted. The transmission electron microscopy analysis has shown that HfO{sub 2} layer would be a good diffusion barrier for InSb. As a result, 1 nm equivalent-oxide-thickness in the 4 nm HfO{sub 2}/InSb structure has been demonstrated with unpinning Fermi level and low leakage current of 10{sup ?4} A/cm{sup ?2}. The D{sub it} value of smaller than 10{sup 12} eV{sup ?1}cm{sup ?2} has been obtained using conduction method.

Trinh, Hai-Dang [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, 1001 University Road, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China) [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, 1001 University Road, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China); Department of Physics, Hanoi National University of Education, 136 Xuan Thuy, Cau Giay, Hanoi (Viet Nam); Lin, Yueh-Chin; Nguyen, Hong-Quan; Luc, Quang-Ho [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, 1001 University Road, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China)] [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, 1001 University Road, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China); Nguyen, Minh-Thuy; Duong, Quoc-Van; Nguyen, Manh-Nghia [Department of Physics, Hanoi National University of Education, 136 Xuan Thuy, Cau Giay, Hanoi (Viet Nam)] [Department of Physics, Hanoi National University of Education, 136 Xuan Thuy, Cau Giay, Hanoi (Viet Nam); Wang, Shin-Yuan [Department of Electronic Engineering, National Chiao Tung University 1001, University Rd., Hsinchu 300, Taiwan (China)] [Department of Electronic Engineering, National Chiao Tung University 1001, University Rd., Hsinchu 300, Taiwan (China); Yi Chang, Edward [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, 1001 University Road, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China) [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, 1001 University Road, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China); Department of Electronic Engineering, National Chiao Tung University 1001, University Rd., Hsinchu 300, Taiwan (China)

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

499

Identification of remediation needs and technology development focus areas for the Environmental Restoration (ER) Project at Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico (SNL/NM)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Environmental Restoration (ER) Project has been tasked with the characterization, assessment, remediation and long-term monitoring of contaminated waste sites at Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico (SNL/NM). Many of these sites will require remediation which will involve the use of baseline technologies, innovative technologies that are currently under development, and new methods which will be developed in the near future. The Technology Applications Program (TAP) supports the ER Project and is responsible for development of new technologies for use at the contaminated waste sites, including technologies that will be used for remediation and restoration of these sites. The purpose of this report is to define the remediation needs of the ER Project and to identify those remediation needs for which the baseline technologies and the current development efforts are inadequate. The area between the remediation needs and the existing baseline/innovative technology base represents a technology gap which must be filled in order to remediate contaminated waste sites at SNL/NM economically and efficiently. In the first part of this report, the remediation needs of the ER Project are defined by both the ER Project task leaders and by TAP personnel. The next section outlines the baseline technologies, including EPA defined Best Demonstrated Available Technologies (BDATs), that are applicable at SNL/NM ER sites. This is followed by recommendations of innovative technologies that are currently being developed that may also be applicable at SNL/NM ER sites. Finally, the gap between the existing baseline/innovative technology base and the remediation needs is identified. This technology gap will help define the future direction of technology development for the ER Project.

Tucker, M.D. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Site Restoration Technology Program Office; Valdez, J.M.; Khan, M.A. [IT Corp., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Air fluorescence measurements in the spectral range 300-420 nm using a 28.5 GeV electron beam  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measurements are reported of the yield and spectrum of fluorescence, excited by a 28.5 GeV electron beam, in air at a range of pressures of interest to ultra-high energy cosmic ray detectors. The wavelength range was 300 - 420 nm. System calibration has been performed using Rayleigh scattering of a nitrogen laser beam. In atmospheric pressure dry air at 304 K the yield is 20.8 +/- 1.6 photons per MeV.

R. Abbasi; T. Abu-Zayyad; K. Belov; J. Belz; Z. Cao; M. Dalton; Y. Fedorova; P. Huentemeyer; B. F. Jones; C. C. H. Jui; E. C. Loh; N. Manago; K. Martens; J. N. Matthews; M. Maestas; J. Smith; P. Sokolsky; R. W. Springer; J. Thomas; S. Thomas; P. Chen; C. Field; C. Hast; R. Iverson; J. S. T. Ng; A. Odian; K. Reil; D. Walz; D. R. Bergman; G. Thomson; A. Zech; F-Y. Chang; C-C. Chen; C-W. Chen; M. A. Huang; W-Y. P. Hwang; G-L. Lin

2007-08-23T23:59:59.000Z