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1

NC  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Opticalhttp://www.fnal.gov/directorate/nalcal/nalcal02_07_05_files/nalcal.gif Directorate - Events -Science10 1This WeekNC

2

Tiu Ch Chn La D n Khi Phc Sm Vo ngy 21 thng 4 nm 2011, cc y Vin nh Gi Tn Hi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

con ngi bng cách khôi phc, phc hi môi trng sng, thay th, hoc thu gom mt lng tng ng vi ngun tài nguyên thiên nhiên có cht lng, giá tr sinh thái hoc dân dng tng ng n bù các tài nguyên và dch v b tn hi t s c, nhng vn c chp nhn và hu ích giúp sàng lc mt s lng ln các d án có tim nng. Không mt yu t nào c s dng nh

3

Kh trng khn cp nc ung Trong nhng thi k ri ren, cc s y t a phng c th khuyn co ngi dn dng nc thn  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

nc cho gia ình bn, bn vn có th tìm c s lng gii hn dùng bng cách ly nc ra t bình nc nóng, hay là tan nc ni ó. Thuc kh trùng ít hiu nghim nu nc c. Cn phi lc nc c qua nhng khn sch hoc yên cho lng xung, và không b r sét. Có hai phng pháp kh trùng thông dng và hiu qu nu lng nc ít. Phng pháp th nht là Ðun

4

CT NC0  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofof EnergyYou areDowntown Site -MiamiYVE r.x-L* d! CT NC0 - i , ,.

5

NC STATE UNIVERSITY Sponsored by  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.m. Integrating Egg Production into your Operations Ken Anderson, Department of Poultry Science, N.C. State Carver, Poultry Extension Veterinarian, Department of Poultry Science, N.C. State University Noon - 1:15 p.m. Lunch 1:15 p.m. - 1:45 p.m. Tour of the Small Farm Organic Unit (Poultry) 1:45 - 2:15 p

Buckel, Jeffrey A.

6

NC State Engineering A Wolfpack World  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

's Sierra Leone project includes work on a water sanitation system for a remote village. Russia Chemical of the coolest places. These programs and partnerships are just a small sampling of NC State's global reach. NC

Ning, Peng

7

Rapid Ammonia Gas Transport Accounts for Futile Transmembrane Cycling under NH3/NH4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rapid Ammonia Gas Transport Accounts for Futile Transmembrane Cycling under NH3/NH4 + Toxicity) seedlings is predominately of the gaseous NH3 species, rather than the NH4 + ion. Influx of 13 NH3/13 NH4 + , which exceeded 200 mmol g­1 h­1 , was not commensurate with membrane depolarization or increases in root

Britto, Dev T.

8

PRinted On PaPeR with 100% (Pages) and 50% (cOveR) Recycled cOntent. Copyright 2014, AppAlAChiAn StAte UniverSity, Boone, nC iSSn 2162-7487  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Site Suitability Analysis for a Solar Farm in Watauga County, NC Marcus Mc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 PTR-MS Measurements of Air Toxics at Thompson Farm, NH, 2005-2010 Megan Knuth

Thaxton, Christopher S.

9

Automatic 5-axis NC toolpath generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Despite over a decade of research, automatic toolpath generation has remained an elusive goal for 5-axis NC machining. This thesis describes the theoretical and practical issues associated with generating collision free ...

Balasubramaniam, Mahadevan, 1976-

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

NC GreenPower Production Incentive  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

'''''Note: NC GreenPower issued an RFP in December 2013, seeking up to 20,000 MWh of renewable energy credits (RECs) through a purchase with either a one or two year term. Green power is defined...

11

2012 NC Mobile CARE Awards April 20, 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

provided technology assessment and commercialization services to notable clients such as NASA. Our Judges2012 NC Mobile CARE Awards April 20, 2012 Background: The NC Mobile Clean Air Renewable Energy

12

NC STATE UNIVERSITY College of Engineering North Carolina Solar Center  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NC STATE UNIVERSITY College of Engineering North Carolina Solar Center Room 210, McKimmon Center been awarded by the North Carolina Solar Center at NC State University through the Clean Fuel Advanced by the N.C. Department of Transportation, State Energy Office, and Division of Air Quality

13

NC Mobile CARE is an initiative of the NC Solar Center /NC State University and is sponsored by the NC Department of Transportation. 2013 Mobile CARE Award Nomination Guidelines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: August 12th, 2013- September 13th, 2013 Award Announcements: October 14th, 2013 at North Carolina Solar technologies as these relate to air quality and energy diversity through one or more of the following areasNC Mobile CARE is an initiative of the NC Solar Center /NC State University and is sponsored

14

NC Sustainable Energy Association | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 -Energieprojekte3 ClimateSpurrInformation NAMA-Programme for theGlennNC

15

Company Name: JobsInNH.com  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Company Name: JobsInNH.com Web Site: www.jobsinnh.com Industry: Advertising & Marketing Brief Company Overview: "Since 2002, JobsInNH.com has been New Hampshire?s #1 employment resource. As recruiting and accelerate your job search. Connect with the best employers in the state who are hiring now" Majors

New Hampshire, University of

16

Geotechnical/Environmental Engineering Intern Manchester, NH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Geotechnical/Environmental Engineering Intern Manchester, NH POSITION DESCRIPTION The candidate will provide support for site characterization geotechnical investigations, site development, remediation include, but are not limited to: Interpreting, and presenting, environmental data; performing engineering

Pohl, Karsten

17

North Carolina State University, Campus Box 7409, Raleigh, NC 27695 | 919-513-7831| www.www.cleantransportation.org | 9/6/12 In 2006 and 2009 the NC Solar Center /NC State Universi-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

North Carolina roads over the 6 year project period. The CFAT project will continue at the NC SolarNorth Carolina State University, Campus Box 7409, Raleigh, NC 27695 | 919-513-7831| www.www.cleantransportation.org | 9/6/12 In 2006 and 2009 the NC Solar Center /NC State Universi- ty was awarded a total of $2.6M

18

NC STATE UNIVERSITY College of Engineering North Carolina Solar Center  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NC STATE UNIVERSITY College of Engineering North Carolina Solar Center Room 210, McKimmon Center been awarded by the North Carolina Solar Center at NC State University to reduce mobile emissions to reduce transportation related emissions in North Carolina counties that do not meet national ambient air

19

2013 NC Mobile CARE Awards October 14, 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/or advanced transportation technology use. 2013 Mobile CARE Awardees Our Judges Seth Effron Communication2013 NC Mobile CARE Awards October 14, 2013 Background: The NC Mobile Clean Air Renewable Energy Department of Transportation, the Mobile CARE initiative brings together three state agencies

20

Apple Tree, NH Big Tree for May By Anne Krantz, NH Big Tree Team,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Apple Tree, NH Big Tree for May By Anne Krantz, NH Big Tree Team, UNH Cooperative Extension The explosion of apple blossoms in May transforms the most gnarled old tree into a delicate cloud of beauty (1817-1862) in his essay "The Wild Apple Tree," described the blossoms perfectly: `The flowers

New Hampshire, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nh nm nc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Theory of Hydride-Proton Transfer (HPT) Carbonyl Reduction by [Os(III)(tpy)(Cl)(NH=CHCH3)(NSAr)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Quantum mechanical analysis reveals that carbonyl reduction of aldehydes and ketones by the imine-based reductant cis-[Os{sup III}(tpy)(Cl)(NH?CHCH{sub 3})(NSAr)] (2), which is accessible by reduction of the analogous nitrile, occurs by hydride-proton transfer (HPT) involving both the imine and sulfilimido ligands. In carbonyl reduction, water or alcohol is necessary to significantly lower the barrier for proton shuttling between ligands. The ?N(H)SAr group activates the carbonyl group through hydrogen bonding while the ?NC(H)CH{sub 3} ligand delivers the hydride.

Ess, Daniel H.; Schauer, Cynthia; Meyer, Thomas J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

INGEN: A COBRA-NC input generator user's manual  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The INGEN (INput GENerator) computer program has been developed as a preprocessor to simplify input generation for the COBRA-NC computer program. INGEN uses several empirical correlations and geometric assumptions to simplify the data input requirements for the COBRA-NC computer code. The simplified input scheme is obtained at the expense of much flexibility provided by COBRA-NC. For more complex problems requiring additional flexibility however, INGEN may be used to provide a skeletal input file to which the more detailed input may be added. This report describes the input requirements for INGEN and describes the algorithms and correlations used to generate the COBRA-NC input. 9 refs., 3 figs., 6 tabs.

Wheeler, C.L.; Dodge, R.E.

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

NC State Office of Information Technology PURCHASE REQUEST FORM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NC State Office of Information Technology PURCHASE REQUEST FORM Voucher #: Req #: PO#: Other: SHIP North Carolina State University Office of Information Technology Office of Information Technology Campus Quantity Product Description Unit Price Extended Price _______PLEASE RUSH Small Purchase Shipping

Liu, Paul

24

Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering at NC State University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Biomolecular Engi- neering at North Carolina State University excels in the areas of nanoscience for biological research and solar energy conversion. Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering at NC State #12

Velev, Orlin D.

25

North Carolina State University, Campus Box 7409, Raleigh, NC 27695 | 919-513-7831| www.www.cleantransportation.org | 11/7/12 In 2006 and 2009 the NC Solar Center /NC State Universi-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

North Carolina State University, Campus Box 7409, Raleigh, NC 27695 | 919-513-7831| www.www.cleantransportation.org | 11/7/12 In 2006 and 2009 the NC Solar Center /NC State Universi- ty was awarded a total of $2.6M Division of Air Quality and State Energy Of- fice also contributed $200,000 each to support the Clean Fuel

26

Non-global logarithms at finite Nc beyond leading order  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analytically compute non-global logarithms at finite Nc fully up to 4 loops and partially at 5 loops, for the hemisphere mass distribution in e+e- to di-jets to leading logarithmic accuracy. Our method of calculation relies solely on integrating the eikonal squared-amplitudes for the emission of soft energy-ordered real-virtual gluons over the appropriate phase space. We show that the series of non-global logarithms in the said distribution exhibits a pattern of exponentiation thus confirming - by means of brute force - previous findings. In the large-Nc limit, our results coincide with those recently reported in literature. A comparison of our proposed exponential form with all-orders numerical solutions is performed and the phenomenological impact of the finite-Nc corrections is discussed.

Khelifa-Kerfa, Kamel

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Personal Devices in the Workplace NC Digital Government Summit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Personal Devices in the Workplace NC Digital Government Summit August 31, 2011 Marc Hoit, PhD Vice planning being undertaken to determine path forward. #12;Personal IT Devices on a University Campus Marc Students Owned Laptops Than Other Devices in 2010 http://chronicle.com/section/Almanac/536 95% of students

28

invites you to the NC State Forensic Science Symposium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

invites you to the 5th NC State Forensic Science Symposium December 4, 2012 Convocation Room, College of Textiles Information and Registration: www.fsi.ncsu.edu Send questions to: forensics@ncsu.edu Agenda 8:00 Registration 9:00 Welcome David Hinks Director, Forensic Sciences Institute North Carolina

Liu, Paul

29

VA VT CT RI MT WY CO ID UT OR NV CA AZ NM WA TN WV NC AR OK  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomen Owned SmallOf The 2012Nuclear Guide Remote Access08:Energy 94:Service2 1

30

VA VT CT RI MT WY CO ID UT OR NV CA AZ NM WA TN WV NC AR OK  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomen Owned SmallOf The 2012Nuclear Guide Remote Access08:Energy 94:Service2 1 2 1

31

VA VT CT RI MT WY CO ID UT OR NV CA AZ NM WA TN WV NC AR OK  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomen Owned SmallOf The 2012Nuclear Guide Remote Access08:Energy 94:Service2 1 2 1

32

,"NM, East Proved Nonproducing Reserves"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov" ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"12292014 1:57:21 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: NM, East...

33

Decays of excited baryons in the large Nc expansion of QCD  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the analysis of the decay widths of excited baryons in the framework of the 1/Nc expansion of QCD. These studies are performed up to order 1/Nc and include both positive and negative parity excited baryons.

Jose Goity; Norberto Scoccola

2006-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

34

,"Pittsburg, NH Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Imports From Canada (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Pittsburg, NH...

35

Preparation of hexagonal WO{sub 3} from hexagonal ammonium tungsten bronze for sensing NH{sub 3}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hexagonal tungsten oxide (h-WO{sub 3}) was prepared by annealing hexagonal ammonium tungsten bronze, (NH{sub 4}){sub 0.07}(NH{sub 3}){sub 0.04}(H{sub 2}O){sub 0.09}WO{sub 2.95}. The structure, composition and morphology of h-WO{sub 3} were studied by XRD, XPS, Raman, {sup 1}H MAS (magic angle spinning) NMR, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and BET-N{sub 2} specific surface area measurement, while its thermal stability was investigated by in situ XRD. The h-WO{sub 3} sample was built up by 50-100 nm particles, had an average specific surface area of 8.3 m{sup 2}/g and was thermally stable up to 450 deg. C. Gas sensing tests showed that h-WO{sub 3} was sensitive to various levels (10-50 ppm) of NH{sub 3}, with the shortest response and recovery times (1.3 and 3.8 min, respectively) to 50 ppm NH{sub 3}. To this NH{sub 3} concentration, the sensor had significantly higher sensitivity than h-WO{sub 3} samples prepared by wet chemical methods.

Szilagyi, Imre Miklos [Materials Structure and Modeling Research Group of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, H-1111 Budapest, Szt. Gellert ter 4 (Hungary)], E-mail: imre.szilagyi@mail.bme.hu; Wang Lisheng; Gouma, Pelagia-Irene [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, 314 Old Engineering Building, SUNY, Stony Brook, NY 11794-2275 (United States); Balazsi, Csaba [Ceramics and Nanocomposites Laboratory, Research Institute for Technical Physics and Materials Science, H-1121 Budapest, Konkoly-Thege ut 29-33 (Hungary); Madarasz, Janos; Pokol, Gyoergy [Department of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, H-1111 Budapest, Szt. Gellert ter 4 (Hungary)

2009-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

36

Comparative affinity purification of single chain antibody NC6.8  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

purification were compared: 1) anti c-myc mAb for a c-myc-scfv NC6.8 fusion construct, 2) metal chelation for a histidine hexamer-scfv NC6.8 fusion construct, and 3) polyclonal anti-scfv NC 6.8 antibody, for either of the above fusion constructs. The polyclonal...

Jackson, Michael Gary

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

NH4-smectite: Characterization, hydration properties and hydro mechanical behaviour  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NH4-smectite: Characterization, hydration properties and hydro mechanical behaviour M. Gautier a and drive to environmental problems. The purpose of this study was to understand the hydro- physical changes the pressure on small amounts of samples, proved the strong increase of the permeability of NH4-smectite

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

38

NCSU Box 7401 Raleigh, NC 27695 (919) 515-3480 Toll Free 1-800-33-NC SUN SOLAR CENTER INFORMATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solar Home #12;NorthCarolinaSolarCenter EnergyDivision,NCDepartmentofCommerce Box 7401, NCSU, Raleigh. At North Carolinas latitudes, this means that the area extending from 45o east of south to 45o westNCSU Box 7401 Raleigh, NC 27695 (919) 515-3480 Toll Free 1-800-33-NC SUN SOLAR CENTER

39

SOLAR CENTER INFORMATION NCSU Box 7401 Raleigh, NC 27695 (919) 515-3480 Toll Free 1-800-33-NC SUN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SOLAR CENTER INFORMATION NCSU Box 7401 Raleigh, NC 27695 (919) 515-3480 Toll Free 1-800-33-NC SUN Summer Shading and Exterior Insulation for North Carolina Windows The same windows that provide window energy efficiency. A well-insulated window will never be as efficient as a well-insulated wall

40

NC-1-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGY TAXBalanced Scorecard Federal2 to:Diesel Engines |Servicesfrom theTelecomNC-1-B

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nh nm nc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Properties of the SU(Nc) Gluon Plasma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the deconfinement transition in SU(Nc) gauge theories, and properties of the deconfined phase. A detailed lattice study of SU(4) and SU(6) gauge theories are conducted, and finite volume and cutoff effects on thermodynamic observables are studied. The scaling of the deconfinement transition point with lattice spacing is used to calculate the scale, Lambda_MSbar. The continuum estimates of the thermodynamic quantities are used to study properties of the gluon plasma. In particular, the approach to conformal limit is studied. We do not find any evidence of a strongly coupled, conformal phase in these theories.

Saumen Datta; Sourendu Gupta

2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

42

EPR and IR studies of [Ru(NH?)?]+-Y and [Ru(NH?)?N?]+-Y type zeolites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EPR AND IR STUDIES OF [Ru(NH ) ] -Y 3 6 AND [Ru(NE ) N ] -Y TYPE ZEOLITES 2+ A Thesis by RAYMOND LEON LEUBNER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partia1 fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE December 1973 Major Subject: Chemistry EPR AND IR STUDIES OF [Ru(NH3) ] -Y 3+ AND [Ru(NH3) N ) -Y TYPE ZEOLITES 2+ 3&2 A Thesis by RAYMOND LEON LEUBNER Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committ (Head of Department) (Memb...

Leubner, Raymond Leon

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Measurement and Modeling of Spatial NH3 Storage Distributions...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

in a Commercial Small Port Cu Zeolite Urea SCR Catalyst Measurement and Modeling of Spatial NH3 Storage Distributions in a Commercial Small Port Cu Zeolite Urea SCR Catalyst...

44

Jere Chase Ocean Engineering Lab, Durham, NH Directions & Parking  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jere Chase Ocean Engineering Lab, Durham, NH Directions & Parking Jere Chase Ocean Engineering Lab of the University of New Hampshire. Parking is available at the Jere A. Chase Ocean Engineering Building. Directions

45

The Nc dependencies of baryon masses: Analysis with Lattice QCD and Effective Theory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Baryon masses at varying values of Nc and light quark masses are studied with Lattice QCD and the results are analyzed in a low energy effective theory based on a combined framework of the 1/Nc and Heavy Baryon Chiral Perturbation Theory expansions. Lattice QCD results for Nc=3, 5 and 7 obtained in quenched calculations, as well as results for unquenched calculations for Nc=3, are used for the analysis. The results are consistent with a previous analysis of Nc=3 LQCD results, and in addition permit the determination of sub-leading in 1/Nc effects in the spin-flavor singlet component of the baryon masses as well as in the hyperfine splittings.

Calle Cordon, Alvaro C. [JLAB; DeGrand, Thomas A. [University of Colorado; Goity, Jose L. [JLAB

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

The Nc dependencies of baryon masses: Analysis with Lattice QCD and Effective Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Baryon masses at varying values of Nc and light quark masses are studied with Lattice QCD and the results are analyzed in a low energy effective theory based on a combined framework of the 1/Nc and Heavy Baryon Chiral Perturbation Theory expansions. Lattice QCD results for Nc = 3, 5 and 7 obtained in quenched calculations, as well as results for unquenched calculations for Nc = 3, are used for the analysis. The results are consistent with a previous analysis of Nc = 3 Lattice QCD results, and in addition permit the determination of sub-leading in 1/Nc effects in the spin-flavor singlet component of the baryon masses as well as in the hyperfine splittings.

A. Calle Cordon; T. DeGrand; J. L. Goity

2014-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

47

Transparent fluids for 157-nm immersion lithography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- gineers. [DOI: 10.1117/1.1637366] Subject terms: 157-nm lithography; immersion fluid; perfluoropolyether

Rollins, Andrew M.

48

Quasielastic neutron scattering of -NH3 and -BH3 rotational dynamics...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Quasielastic neutron scattering of -NH3 and -BH3 rotational dynamics in orthorhombic ammonia borane. Quasielastic neutron scattering of -NH3 and -BH3 rotational dynamics in...

49

Proton transfer dynamics of the reaction H3O ,,NH3 ,H2O...NH4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Rochester, New York 14627 Received 29 September 2003; accepted 8 October 2003 The proton transfer reaction of H3O and NH3 was studied using the crossed molecular beam technique at relative energies of 0.41, 0.81, and 1.27 eV. At all three energies, the center-of-mass flux distribution of the product ion NH4 exhibits

Farrar, James M.

50

Vibrational spectroscopy of the ammoniated ammonium ions NH sub 4 sup + (NH sub 3 ) sub n (n = 1-10)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The gas-phase vibration-internal rotation spectra of mass-selected ammoniated ammonium ions, NH{sub 4}{sup +}(NH{sub 3}){sub n} (for n = 1-10), have been observed from 2600 to 4000 cm{sup {minus}1}. The spectra show vibrational features that have been assigned to modes involving both the ion core species, NH{sub 4}{sup +}, and the first shell NH{sub 3} solvent molecules. Nearly free internal rotation of the solvent molecules about their local C{sub 3} axes in the first solvation shell has been observed in the smaller clusters (n = 1-6). For the larger clusters studied (n = 7-10) the spectra converge, with little difference between clusters differing by one solvent molecule. For these clusters, the spectrum in the 3200-3500 cm{sup {minus}1} region is quite similar to that of liquid ammonia, and the entire region of 2600-3500 cm{sup {minus}1} also bears considerable resemblance to the spectra of ammonium salts dissolved in liquid ammonia under some chemical conditions. This indicates the onset of a liquidlike environment for the ion core and first shell solvent molecules in clusters as small as NH{sub 4}{sup +}(NH{sub 3}){sub 8}.

Price, J.M.; Crofton, M.W.; Lee, Y.T. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States) Univ. of California, Berkeley (United States))

1991-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

51

[(CH3)4N][(C5H5NH)0.8((CH3)3NH)0.2]U2Si9O23F4 (USH-8): An Organically Templated Open-Framework Uranium Silicate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Framework Uranium Silicate Xiqu Wang, Jin Huang, and Allan J. Jacobson* Department of Chemistry, Uni to the discovery of a number of porous structures formed from both silicate tetrahedra and transition-metal-centered polyhedra.7-15 Recently we reported a series of porous vanadosilicate compounds that are based on silicate

Wang, Xiqu

52

Diffusive and rotational dynamics of condensed n-H2 confined in MCM-41  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, we report an inelastic neutron scattering study of liquid and solid n-H2 confined within MCM-41. This is a high surface area, mesoporous silica glass with a narrow pore size distribution centered at 3.5 nm. The scattering data provides information about the diffusive and rotational dynamics of the adsorbed n-H2 at low temperatures. In the liquid state, the neutron scattering data demonstrates that only a fraction of the adsorbed o-H2 is mobile on the picosecond time scale. This mobile fraction undergoes liquid-like jump diffusion, and values for the residence time t and effective mean-squared displacement hu2i are reported as a function of pore filling. In the solid state, the rotational energy levels of adsorbed H2 are strongly perturbed from their free quantum rotor behavior in the bulk solid. The underlying orientational potential of the hindered rotors is due to the surface roughness and heterogeneity of the MCM-41 pore walls. This potential is compared to the hindering potential of other porous silicas, such as Vycor. Strong selective adsorption makes the interfacial layer rich in o-H2, leaving the inner core volume consisting of a depleted mixture of o-H2 and p-H2.

Prisk, Timothy R [ORNL; Bryan, Matthew [Indiana University; Sokol, Paul E [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

American Solar Energy Society Proc. ASES Annual Conference, Raleigh, NC, EVALUATION OF NUMERICAL WEATHER PREDICTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

© American Solar Energy Society ­ Proc. ASES Annual Conference, Raleigh, NC, EVALUATION;© American Solar Energy Society ­ Proc. ASES Annual Conference, Raleigh, NC, irradiance forecasts over OF NUMERICAL WEATHER PREDICTION SOLAR IRRADIANCE FORECASTS IN THE US Richard Perez ASRC, Albany, NY, Perez

Perez, Richard R.

54

Poultry Curriculum Committee Meeting Minutes February 2, 2013 Boscawen, NH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Poultry Curriculum Committee Meeting Minutes February 2, 2013 Boscawen, NH I. Welcome and Introductions a. Who is doing Poultry 4-H around the state? b. Present: PJ White, Florence White, Jolee Chase Beauregard c. Clubs with Poultry Project Areas: i. Kim Steele (Hillsborough County): Hooves, Hens, Heifers

New Hampshire, University of

55

Silver Blaze Puzzle in 1/Nc Expansions of Cold and Dense QCD Matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider quantum chromodynamics (QCD) with Nc colors and Nf quark flavors at finite quark chemical potential mu_q or isospin chemical potential mu_I. We specifically address the nature of the ``Silver Blaze'' behavior in the framework of 1/Nc expansion. Starting with the QCD partition function, we implement Veneziano's Nf/Nc expansion to identify the density onset. We find the baryon mass M_B and the pion mass m_pi appearing from different order of Veneziano's expansion. We argue that the confining properties are responsible for the Silver Blaze in the region of m_pi/2 < mu_q < M_B/Nc. We point out, however, that Veneziano's expansion brings about a puzzling subtlety along the same line as the baryon problem in finite-density quenched simulations. We emphasize that the large-Nc limit can allow for the physical ordering of M_B and m_pi thanks to the similarity to the quenched approximation, while the unphysical ghost quarks contaminate the baryon sector if Nc is finite. We also discuss the ``orientifold'' large-Nc limit that does not quench quark loops.

Adi Armoni; Kenji Fukushima

2014-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

56

Oligomerization-dependent Regulation of Motility and Morphogenesis by the Collagen XVIII NC1/Endostatin Domain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Collagen XVIII (c18) is a triple helical endothelial/epithelial basement membrane protein whose noncollagenous (NC)1 region trimerizes a COOH-terminal endostatin (ES) domain conserved in vertebrates, Caenorhabditis elegans and Drosophila. Here...

Kuo, Calvin J.; LaMontagne, Kenneth R.; Garcia-Cardeñ a, Guillermo; Ackley, Brian D.; Kalman, Daniel; Park, Susan; Christofferson, Rolf; Kamihara, Junne; Ding, Yuan-Hua; Lo, Kin-Ming; Gillies, Stephen; Folkman, Judah; Mulligan, Richard C.; Javaherian, Kashi

2001-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

57

Source: Federal Emergency Management Agency September 2011 Earthquake Preparedness at NC State  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Source: Federal Emergency Management Agency September 2011 Earthquake Preparedness at NC State buildings. Be aware, the electricity may go out or the sprinkler systems or fire alarms may turn on

58

Environmental effects on electron spin relaxation in N@C60  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We examine environmental effects of surrounding nuclear spins on the electron spin relaxation of the N@C60 molecule (which consists of a nitrogen atom at the centre of a fullerene cage). Using dilute solutions of N@C60 in regular and deuterated toluene, we observe and model the effect of translational diffusion of nuclear spins of the solvent molecules on the N@C60 electron spin relaxation times. We also study spin relaxation in frozen solutions of N@C60 in CS2, to which small quantities of a glassing agent, S2Cl2 are added. At low temperatures, spin relaxation is caused by spectral diffusion of surrounding nuclear 35Cl and 37Cl spins in the S2Cl2, but nevertheless, at 20 K, T2 times as long as 0.23 ms are observed.

John J. L. Morton; Alexei M. Tyryshkin; Arzhang Ardavan; Kyriakos Porfyrakis; S. A. Lyon; G. Andrew D. Briggs

2007-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

59

Environmental effects on electron spin relaxation in N@C60  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We examine environmental effects of surrounding nuclear spins on the electron spin relaxation of the N@C60 molecule (which consists of a nitrogen atom at the centre of a fullerene cage). Using dilute solutions of N@C60 in regular and deuterated toluene, we observe and model the effect of translational diffusion of nuclear spins of the solvent molecules on the N@C60 electron spin relaxation times. We also study spin relaxation in frozen solutions of N@C60 in CS2, to which small quantities of a glassing agent, S2Cl2 are added. At low temperatures, spin relaxation is caused by spectral diffusion of surrounding nuclear (35,37)Cl spins in the S2Cl2, but nevertheless, at 20 K, T2 times as long as 0.23 ms are observed

Morton, J J L; Ardavan, A; Porfyrakis, K; Lyon, S A; Briggs, G A D; Morton, John J. L.; Tyryshkin, Alexei M.; Ardavan, Arzhang; Porfyrakis, Kyriakos

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

On rotational dynamics of an NH4+ ion in water  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We used molecular dynamics simulations to characterize the rotational dynamics of the NH4+ ion in liquid water. The polarizable potential models were to describe the ion-water and water-water interactions. This study complements the work of Karim and Haymet (J. Chem. Phys., 93, 5961, 1990), who employed effective pir potential models. The computed rotational diffusion coefficients of the NH4+ ion in water, which were determined from the angular momentum autocorrelation function and the angular mean-square displacement, are 0.093 x 1012 rad2/s and 0.067 x 1012 rad2/s, repectively. These results are in good agreement with the 0.075 x 1012 rad2/s value determined from the nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy studies of Perrin and Gipe (J. Am. Chem. Soc., 108, 1088, 1986; Science, 238, 1393, 1987).

Chang, Tsun-Mei (University of Wisconsin-Parkside); Dang, Liem X. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB))

2003-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nh nm nc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Public Service Co of NH | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar PowerstoriesNrelPartnerType Jump to: navigation,ReferencesMitigationNewPublicNH

62

Public Service Co of NH | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: EnergyPotentialUrbanUtilityScalePVCapacity Jump to:USGSMeanReservoirTempUtility, Inc. (Pennsylvania) JumpofNH

63

Thermal Durability of Cu-CHA NH3-SCR Catalysts for Diesel NOx...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Durability of Cu-CHA NH3-SCR Catalysts for Diesel NOx Reduction. Thermal Durability of Cu-CHA NH3-SCR Catalysts for Diesel NOx Reduction. Abstract: Multiple catalytic functions...

64

Structure-Activity Relationships in NH3-SCR over Cu-SSZ-13 as...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Relationships in NH3-SCR over Cu-SSZ-13 as Probed by Reaction Kinetics and EPR Studies. Structure-Activity Relationships in NH3-SCR over Cu-SSZ-13 as Probed by...

65

NH3 generation over commercial Three-Way Catalysts and Lean-NOx...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NH3 generation over commercial Three-Way Catalysts and Lean-NOx Traps NH3 generation over commercial Three-Way Catalysts and Lean-NOx Traps Research to identify most promising...

66

The baryon vector current in the combined chiral and 1/Nc expansions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The baryon vector current is computed at one-loop order in large-Nc baryon chiral perturbation theory, where Nc is the number of colors. Loop graphs with octet and decuplet intermediate states are systematically incorporated into the analysis and the effects of the decuplet-octet mass difference and SU(3) flavor symmetry breaking are accounted for. There are large-Nc cancellations between different one-loop graphs as a consequence of the large-Nc spin-flavor symmetry of QCD baryons. The results are compared against the available experimental data through several fits in order to extract information about the unknown parameters. The large-Nc baryon chiral perturbation theory predictions are in very good agreement both with the expectations from the 1/Nc expansion and with the experimental data. The effect of SU(3) flavor symmetry breaking for the |Delta S|=1 vector current form factors f1(0) results in a reduction by a few percent with respect to the corresponding SU(3) symmetric values.

Flores-Mendieta, Ruben; Goity, Jose L [JLAB

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Low Temperature Milling of the LiNH2 + LiH Hydrogen Storage System...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Milling of the LiNH2 + LiH Hydrogen Storage System. Low Temperature Milling of the LiNH2 + LiH Hydrogen Storage System. Abstract: Ball milling of the LiNH2 + LiH storage system was...

68

North Carolina State University, Campus Box 7409, Raleigh, NC 27695 | 919-515-3480 | www.nccleantech.ncsu.edu | 8/2013 Formerly the NC Solar Center  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a mobile phone with NearBio, www.nearbio.com · Locate alternative fuels with the Alternative Fuels Data Center, www.afdc.energy.gov This factsheet supported in part through the Clean Fuel Advanced Technology.nccleantech.ncsu.edu | 8/2013 Formerly the NC Solar Center BIODIESEL RETAIL STATIONS IN NORTH CAROLINA Clean Transportation

69

Characterization of the selective reduction of NO by NH/sub 3/  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The selective reduction of NO by NH/sub 3/ addition has been studied in a lean-burning oil-fired laboratory combustion tunnel as a function of equivalence ratio, NH/sub 3/ injection temperature, concentration of NH/sub 3/ added, and the source of NO. Ammonia breakthrough was found to depend strongly on the NH/sub 3/ addition temperature. The total concentration of nitrogen containing species other N/sub 2/, NO, and NH/sub 3/ was measured with a variety of techniques and was found to be less than 5 ppM over the range of conditions studied.

Lucas, D.; Brown, N.J.

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Link between the Potentially Hazardous Asteroid (86039) 1999 NC43 and the Chelyabinsk meteoroid tenuous  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We explored the statistical and compositional link between Chelyabinsk meteoroid and potentially hazardous asteroid (86039) 1999 NC43 to investigate their proposed relation proposed by Borovi\\v{c}ka et al. (2013). Using detailed computation we confirm that the orbit of the Chelyabinsk impactor is anomalously close to 1999 NC43. We find about (1-3) x 10-4 likelihood of that to happen by chance. Taking the standpoint that the Chelyabinsk impactor indeed separated from 1999 NC43 by a cratering or rotational fission event, we run a forward probability calculation, which is an independent statistical test. However, we find this scenario is unlikely at the about (10-3 -10-2) level. We also verified compositional link between Chelyabinska and 1999NC43. Mineralogical analysis of Chelyabinsk (LL chondrite) and (8) Flora (the largest member of the presumed LL chondrite parent family) shows that their olivine and pyroxene chemistries are similar to LL chondrites. Similar analysis of 1999 NC43 shows that its olivine and ...

Reddy, Vishnu; Bottke, William F; Pravec, Petr; Sanchez, Juan A; Gary, Bruce L; Klima, Rachel; Cloutis, Edward A; Gald, Adrin; Guan, Tan Thiam; Hornoch, Kamil; Izawa, Matthew R M; Kunirk, Peter; Corre, Lucille Le; Mann, Paul; Moskovitz, Nicholas; Skiff, Brian; Vratil, Jan

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Theoretical study of the ammoniated NH/sub 4/ radical and related structures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ground- and some of the excited-state surfaces for the reaction of the Rydberg radical NH/sub 4/ to give either NH/sub 3/ + H or NH/sub 2/ + H/sub 2/ are computed. The preferred ground reaction channel is that observed experimentally, the formation of NH/sub 3/ + H. The Rydberg character, as well as the low barrier for fragmentation, is rationalized using a Rydberg extended-state structure correlation diagram. The excited-state surfaces show deep potential wells whose forms are also rationalized using this correlation diagram. Calculations on the surface of tetramethylammonium radical show no enhanced stability due to alkyl substitution. Comparative calculations on the complexation energies of HN/sub 4//sup +/ (NH/sub 3/)/sub n/ and NH/sub 4/(NH/sub 3/)/sub n/, n = 1-6, show the semiionic character of the Rydberg radical. The variation of stepwise complexation energies with n for the Rydberg species is not completely understood. The stability of solvated NH/sub 4/ radical in liquid NH/sub 3/ is estimated to be of the same order as (NH/sub 4//sup +/)/sub s/ + (e/sup -/)/sub s/.

Kassab, E.; Evleth, E.M.

1987-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

72

A Search for Neutrino Induced Coherent NC($\\pi^{0}$) Production in the MINOS Near Detector  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The production of single, highly forward {pi}{sup 0} mesons by NC coherent neutrino-nucleus interactions ({nu}{sub {mu}} + N {yields} {nu}{sub {mu}} + N + {pi}{sup 0}) is a process which probes fundamental aspects of the weak interaction. This reaction may also pose as a limiting background for long baseline searches for {nu}{sub {mu}} {yields} {nu}{sub e} oscillations if the neutrino mixing angle {theta}{sub 13} is very small. The high-statistics sample of neutrino interactions recorded by the MINOS Near Detector provides an opportunity to measure the cross section of this coherent reaction on a relatively large-A nucleus at an average E{sub {nu}} = 4.9 GeV. A major challenge for this measurement is the isolation of forward-going electromagnetic (EM) showers produced by the relatively rare coherent NC({pi}{sup 0}) process amidst an abundant rate of incoherently produced EM showers. The backgrounds arise from single {pi}{sup 0} dominated NC events and also from quasi-elastic-like CC scattering of electron neutrinos. In this Thesis the theory of coherent interactions is summarized, and previous measurements of the coherent NC({pi}{sup 0}) cross section are reviewed. Then, methods for selecting a sample of coherent NC({pi}{sup 0}) like events, extracting the coherent NC({pi}{sup 0}) event rate from that sample, estimating the analysis uncertainties, and calculating a cross section, are presented. A signal for neutrino-induced NC({pi}{sup 0}) production is observed in the relevant kinematic regime as an excess of events of three standard deviations above background. The reaction cross sections, averaged over an energy window of 2.5 {<=} E{sub {nu}} {<=} 9.0 GeV is determined to be (31.6{+-}10.5) x 10{sup -40} cm{sup 2}/nucleus. The result is the first evidence obtained for neutrino-nucleus coherent NC({pi}{sup 0}) scattering on iron, and is the first measurement on an average nuclear target above A = 30. The cross section measurement is in agreement with NEUGEN3 implementation of the model by Rein and Sehgal which is motived by the PCAC hypothesis.

Cherdack, Daniel David; /Tufts U.

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Clean Transportation | Campus Box 7409, Raleigh, NC 27695 | 919-513-7831 | www.cleantransportation.org North Carolina State University, Campus Box 7409, Raleigh, NC 27695 | 919-513-7831 | www.cleantransportation.org 8/7/12  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

through sub- Advancing Clean Energy for a Sustainable Economy Clean Fuel Advanced Technology (CFAT) 2010Clean Transportation | Campus Box 7409, Raleigh, NC 27695 | 919-513-7831 | www.cleantransportation.org 8/7/12 Clean Fuel Advanced Technology (CFAT) Project 2006-20012: Administered by the NC Solar Center

74

Clean Transportation | Campus Box 7409, Raleigh, NC 27695 | 919-513-7831 | www.cleantransportation.org North Carolina State University, Campus Box 7409, Raleigh, NC 27695 | 919-513-7831 | www.cleantransportation.org 9/17/12  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in an liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) sub-award with the Iredell Advancing Clean Energy for a Sustainable EconomyClean Transportation | Campus Box 7409, Raleigh, NC 27695 | 919-513-7831 | www.cleantransportation.org 9/17/12 Clean Fuel Advanced Technology (CFAT) Project 2006-20012: Administered by the NC Solar

75

Power and Performance of Native and Java Benchmarks on 130nm to 32nm Process Technologies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power and Performance of Native and Java Benchmarks on 130nm to 32nm Process Technologies Hadi with chip power reduc- tions. This paper examines how well process technology and mi- croarchitecture delivered on this assumption. This paper evalu- ates power and performance of native and Java workloads

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

76

Array-type NH.sub.3 sensor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An array-type sensor that senses NH.sub.3 includes non-Nernstian sensing elements constructed from metal and/or metal-oxide electrodes on an O.sub.2 ion conducting substrate. In one example sensor, one electrode may be made of platinum, another electrode may be made of manganese (III) oxide (Mn.sub.2O.sub.3), and another electrode may be made of tungsten trioxide (WO.sub.3). Some sensing elements may further include an electrode made of La.sub.0.6Sr.sub.0.4Co.sub.0.2Fe.sub0.8O.sub.3 and another electrode made of LaCr.sub.0.95.Mg.sub.0.05O.sub.3.

West, David Lawrence; Montgomery, Frederick Charles; Armstrong, Timothy R; Warmack, Robert J

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

77

The effect of host Chlorella NC64A carbon : phosphorus ratio on the production of Paramecium bursaria Chlorella  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effect of host Chlorella NC64A carbon : phosphorus ratio on the production of Paramecium bursaria Chlorella Virus-1 JESSICA L. CLASEN AND JAMES J. ELSER School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, U.S.A. SUMMARY 1. We used the freshwater alga Chlorella NC64A (Division Chlorophyta

Arizona State University

78

American Solar Energy Society Proc. ASES Annual Conference, Raleigh, NC, 2011 SHORT-TERM IRRADIANCE VARIABILITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

© American Solar Energy Society ­ Proc. ASES Annual Conference, Raleigh, NC, 2011 SHORT, as hypothesized in Hoff and Perez's optimum point. #12;© American Solar Energy Society ­ Proc. ASES Annual is the factor that determines whether the combined relative fluctuations of two solar systems add up when

Perez, Richard R.

79

Derepression of the NC80 motif is critical for the photoactivation of Arabidopsis CRY2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the physiological function of CRY2. The GUS-NC80 fusion protein expressed in transgenic plants is constitutively status, protein phosphorylation, and/or conformation to activate the photoreceptors (9­12). Cryptochromes of cryptochrome is involved in functions such as nuclear localization, protein stability, posttranslational mod

Lin, Chentao

80

Numerical study of self modulation instability of 1 nC electron bunch at ATF  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The development of self-modulation instability (SMI) is investigated numerically for the 1 nC electron bunch available at Accelerator Test Facility (ATF) of Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL). Possible experiment based on the simulation results is proposed. All the simulations are performed with the 2D-cylindrically symmetric particle-in-cell code.

Fang Yun; Mori, Warren; Muggli, Patric [University of Southern California, Los Angeles (United States); University of California, Los Angeles (United States); Max Planck Institute for Physics, Munich (Germany)

2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nh nm nc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

The Area Derivative of a Space-filling Diagram Robert Bryant, Mathematics, Duke, Durham, NC 27708, USA, email: bryant@math.duke.edu,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Area Derivative of a Space-filling Diagram Robert Bryant, Mathematics, Duke, Durham, NC 27708, USA, email: bryant@math.duke.edu, Herbert Edelsbrunner ¡, Computer Science, Duke, Durham, NC 27708

Edelsbrunner, Herbert

82

NC State Chemical Engineering Degrees -MS Graduation Name NicknameGrad Date Hometown StateUndergrad Chair Initial Employer Employer City State  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MIT Cambridge MA Floyd Edson Israel 6/4/1929 LeRoy KS Kansas State Randolph Mead Paper State Chesapeake-Camp Franklin VA Robert Perry Harris 6/5/1939 Raleigh NC NC State Carolina Coach

Velev, Orlin D.

83

Hydrogen Storage Properties of New Hydrogen-Rich BH3NH3-Metal...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Storage Properties of New Hydrogen-Rich BH3NH3-Metal Hydride (TiH2, ZrH2, MgH2, andor CaH2) Composite Systems. Hydrogen Storage Properties of New Hydrogen-Rich BH3NH3-Metal...

84

Futile transmembrane NH4 cycling: A cellular hypothesis to explain ammonium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

4 to be preferred by plants, as its assimilation requires less energy than that of NO3 (1), only with intensive agriculture and cultivation of livestock, where high levels of NH3 emission, and subsequent NH4 is exceeded by as much as 10-fold, and damage to forest and agricultural crops alike has been attributed

Britto, Dev T.

85

28-nm laser damage testing of LIF  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have tested several samples of LIF, both single crystal and press forged, for damage resistance to 10-ns 248-nm pulses at 35 pps. The damage thresholds - the highest levels at which no damage could be produced - ranged from 4 to 6 J/cm/sup 2/ although some test sites survived irradiation at approx. 30 J/cm/sup 2/. We observed that bulk damage is the primary failure mechanism in single crystal and press forged samples and that both types exhibit the same resistance to laser damage.

Foltyn, S.R.; Newman, B.E.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

OPTICAL CONSTANTS OF NH{sub 3} AND NH{sub 3}:N{sub 2} AMORPHOUS ICES IN THE NEAR-INFRARED AND MID-INFRARED REGIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ammonia ice has been detected on different astrophysical media ranging from interstellar medium (ISM) particles to the surface of various icy bodies of our solar system, where nitrogen is also present. We have carried out a detailed study of amorphous NH{sub 3} ice and NH{sub 3}:N{sub 2} ice mixtures, based on infrared (IR) spectra in the mid-IR (MIR) and near-IR (NIR) regions, supported by theoretical quantum chemical calculations. Spectra of varying ice thicknesses were obtained and optical constants were calculated for amorphous NH{sub 3} at 15 K and 30 K and for a NH{sub 3}:N{sub 2} mixture at 15 K over a 500-7000 cm{sup 1} spectral range. These spectra have improved accuracy over previous data, where available. Moreover, we also obtained absolute values for the band strengths of the more prominent IR features in both spectral regions. Our results indicate that the estimated NH{sub 3} concentration in ISM ices should be scaled upward by ?30%.

Zanchet, Alexandre; Rodrguez-Lazcano, Yamilet; Glvez, scar; Herrero, Vctor J.; Escribano, Rafael; Mat, Beln, E-mail: belen.mate@csic.es [Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, IEM-CSIC, Serrano 123, E-28006 Madrid (Spain)

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Air Pollution from Agricultural Operations Research Triangle Park, NC October 12-15, 2003  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

have demonstrated that NH3 emission from broiler litter can be reduced by feeding lower-protein diets fed lower-protein diets. In order to obtain NH3 emission rates, one needs to know the NH3 to broilers (Gates et al., 2000). Again, data are lacking in NH3 emission rates from layer houses with birds

Kentucky, University of

88

Global distributions, time series and error characterization of atmospheric ammonia (NH[subscript 3]) from IASI satellite observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ammonia (NH[subscript 3]) emissions in the atmosphere have increased substantially over the past decades, largely because of intensive livestock production and use of fertilizers. As a short-lived species, NH[subscript 3] ...

Van Damme, M.

89

Experimental and theoretical studies of reactions of neutral vanadium and tantalum oxide clusters with NO and NH3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

molecules on the respective clusters. A gas mixture of NO:NH3 9:1 is also added into the fast flow reactor oxide clusters with NO, NH3, and an NO/NH3 mixture in a fast flow reactor are investigated by time, a complete elucidation of the reaction mechanism has not been achieved, and very few, if any, gas phase

Rocca, Jorge J.

90

The Spectrum of Thorium from 250 nm to 5500 nm: Ritz Wavelengths and Optimized Energy Levels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have made precise observations of a thorium-argon hollow cathode lamp emission spectrum in the region between 350 nm and 1175 nm using a high-resolution Fourier transform spectrometer. Our measurements are combined with results from seven previously published thorium line lists (Giacchetti et al. 1974; Zalubas & Corliss 1974; Zalubas 1976; Palmer & Engleman 1983; Engleman et al. 2003; Lovis & Pepe 2007; Kerber et al. 2008) to re-optimize the energy levels of neutral, singly-, and doubly-ionized thorium (Th I, Th II, and Th III). Using the optimized level values, we calculate accurate Ritz wavelengths for 19679 thorium lines between 250 nm and 5500 nm (40000 1/cm to 1800 1/cm). We have also found 102 new thorium energy levels. A systematic analysis of previous measurements in light of our new results allows us to identify and propose corrections for systematic errors in Palmer & Engleman (1983) and typographical errors and incorrect classifications in Kerber et al. (2008). We also found a la...

Redman, Stephen L; Sansonetti, Craig J

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

E-Print Network 3.0 - atmospheric ammonia nh3 Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

assessment of ammonia as a Summary: it well suited as a medium in cooling systems, heat pumps and similar systems. Ammonia NH3 is a colourless... outlet is blocked. Absorbers...

92

NH3 generation over commercial Three-Way Catalysts and Lean-NOx...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Gasoline Emissions Control: NH 3 generation over commercial Three-Way Catalysts and Lean-NOx Traps Todd J. Toops, James E. Parks II and Josh A. Pihl Oak Ridge National Laboratory...

93

Frequency stabilization for a 486nm dye-ring laser  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For my thesis, I worked towards using two reference cavities to provide frequency stabilization to a 486nm dye-ring laser. After a doubling cavity doubles the frequency to 243nm, the laser beam is used to excite ground ...

Sievers, Charles A. (Charles Anders), 1979-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Breath gating of cardiac PET using 13N-NH3: An optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

was carried out using 13 N-NH3 on two dierent PET/CT scanners: a Siemens Biograph 64 and a Siemens mCT PET. In this project the breath-motion was estimated using an ane transformation on the obtained images, from which- jekt er udført ved brug af 13 N-NH3 på to skannere, henholdsvis en Siemens Biograph 64 og en Siemens m

95

High Plains Corporation's Portales, NM Facility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NREL to evaluate the opportunity for converting all or part of the High Plains Portales, NM ethanol facility to biomass feed. The Portales plant, owned by High Plains, currently produces about 10 million gallons per year of ethanol from milo feed. SWAN Biomass conversion technology is the basis for the new process design. SWAN first evaluated possible biomass feedstocks available close to the existing facility. Cotton gin trash was found to be abundant in the area, available for the cost of hauling, and suitable as a feedstock for the manufacture of ethanol. SWAN then optimized the design of the biomass plant, and performed extensive economic evaluations tailored to the specifics of the feedstock, facility site and owner. Weatherly, Inc., a process engineering company with expertise in the design and construction of ethanol plants, reviewed the existing equipment at Portales, and estimated the costs for modifying that equipment to allow the plant to run on biomass. High Plains supported both efforts, and investigated means for implementing the new technology. The proposed modifications would cost $30 million. Most of the capital cost would be for biomass pretreatment equipment and the large fermentation vessels needed to convert biomass in high yield. The modified facility would produce 11.3 million gallons per year of ethanol from 725 tons/day of cotton gin

Subcontract Zxe

96

Addition of NH{sub 3} to Al{sub 3}O{sub 3}{sup -}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent computational studies on the addition of ammonia (NH{sub 3}) to the Al{sub 3}O{sub 3}{sup -} cluster anion [A. Guevara-Garcia, A. Martinez, and J. V. Ortiz, J. Chem. Phys. 122, 214309 (2005)] have motivated experimental and additional computational studies, reported here. Al{sub 3}O{sub 3}{sup -} is observed to react with a single NH{sub 3} molecule to form the Al{sub 3}O{sub 3}NH{sub 3}{sup -} ion in mass spectrometric studies. This is in contrast to similarly performed studies with water, in which the Al{sub 3}O{sub 5}H{sub 4}{sup -} product was highly favored. However, the anion PE spectrum of the ammoniated species is very similar to that of Al{sub 3}O{sub 4}H{sub 2}{sup -}. The adiabatic electron affinity of Al{sub 3}O{sub 3}NH{sub 3} is determined to be 2.35(5) eV. Based on comparison between the spectra and calculated electron affinities, it appears that NH{sub 3} adds dissociatively to Al{sub 3}O{sub 3}{sup -}, suggesting that the time for the Al{sub 3}O{sub 3}{sup -}{center_dot}NH{sub 3} complex to either overcome or tunnel through the barrier to proton transfer (which is higher for NH{sub 3} than for water) is short relative to the time for collisional cooling in the experiment.

Wyrwas, Richard B.; Jarrold, Caroline Chick; Das, Ujjal; Raghavachari, Krishnan [Indiana University, Department of Chemistry, Bloomington, Indiana 47405-7102 (United States)

2006-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

97

Thermal Durability of Cu-CHA NH3-SCR Catalysts for Diesel NOx Reduction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Multiple catalytic functions (NOx conversion, NO and NH3 oxidation, NH3 storage) of a commercial Cu-zeolite urea/NH3-SCR catalyst were assessed in a laboratory fixed-bed flow reactor system after differing degrees of hydrothermal aging. Catalysts were characterized by using x-ray diffraction (XRD), 27Al solid state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) / energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy to develop an understanding of the degradation mechanisms during catalyst aging. The catalytic reaction measurements of laboratory-aged catalysts were performed, which allows us to obtain a universal curve for predicting the degree of catalyst performance deterioration as a function of time at each aging temperature. Results show that as the aging temperature becomes higher, the zeolite structure collapses in a shorter period of time after an induction period. The decrease in SCR performance was explained by zeolite structure destruction and/or Cu agglomeration, as detected by XRD/27Al NMR and by TEM/EDX, respectively. Destruction of the zeolite structure and agglomeration of the active phase also results in a decrease in the NO/NH3 oxidation activity and the NH3 storage capacity of the catalyst. Selected laboratory aging conditions (16 h at 800oC) compare well with a 135,000 mile vehicle-aged catalyst for both performance and characterization criteria.

Schmieg, Steven J.; Oh, Se H.; Kim, Chang H.; Brown, David B.; Lee, Jong H.; Peden, Charles HF; Kim, Do Heui

2012-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

98

A Review & Assessment of Current Operating Conditions Allowable Stresses in ASME Section III Subsection NH  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The current operating condition allowable stresses provided in ASME Section III, Subsection NH were reviewed for consistency with the criteria used to establish the stress allowables and with the allowable stresses provided in ASME Section II, Part D. It was found that the S{sub o} values in ASME III-NH were consistent with the S values in ASME IID for the five materials of interest. However, it was found that 0.80 S{sub r} was less than S{sub o} for some temperatures for four of the materials. Only values for alloy 800H appeared to be consistent with the criteria on which S{sub o} values are established. With the intent of undertaking a more detailed evaluation of issues related to the allowable stresses in ASME III-NH, the availabilities of databases for the five materials were reviewed and augmented databases were assembled.

R. W. Swindeman

2009-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

99

Tracking the Sun VI: An Historical Summary of the Installed Price of Photovoltaics in the United States from 1998 to 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solar Electric Rebate Program MO NC NH Columbia Water &Rebates NC NCSEA (project data compiled from NCUC dockets) (d) State NH

Barbose, Galen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

NC pi0 Production in the MiniBooNE Antineutrino Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The single largest background to future numubar to nuebar (numu to nue) oscillation searches is neutral current pi0 production. MiniBooNE, which began taking antineutrino data in January 2006, has the world's largest sample of pi0's produced by antineutrinos in the 1 GeV energy range. These neutral pions are primarily produced through the delta resonance but can also be created through "coherent production." The latter process is the coherent sum of glancing scatters of (anti)neutrinos off a neutron or proton, in which the nucleus is kept intact but a pi0 is created. Current analysis of NC pi0 production in the MiniBooNE antineutrino data will be discussed.

V. T. Nguyen

2008-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nh nm nc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Measurement of airborne fission products in Chapel Hill, NC, USA from the Fukushima I reactor accident  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present measurements of airborne fission products in Chapel Hill, NC, USA, from 62 days following the March 11, 2011, accident at the Fukushima I Nuclear Power Plant. Airborne particle samples were collected daily in air filters and radio-assayed with two high-purity germanium (HPGe) detectors. The fission products I-131 and Cs-137 were measured with maximum activities of 4.2 +/- 0.6 mBq/m^2 and 0.42 +/- 0.07 mBq/m^2 respectively. Additional activity from I-131, I-132, Cs-134, Cs-136, Cs-137 and Te-132 were measured in the same air filters using a low-background HPGe detector at the Kimballton Underground Research Facility (KURF).

MacMullin, S; Green, M P; Henning, R; Holmes, R; Vorren, K; Wilkerson, J F

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

New Materials for 157 nm Photoresists: Characterization and Properties  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The current Semiconductor Industry Association (SIA) Roadmap indicates the 100 nm technology node will be reached by 2005; however, many semiconductor manufacturers foresee the need for a technology enabling 100 by 2005. Therefore, 157 nm lithography is viewed as a potential bridge across the gap between optical

Rollins, Andrew M.

103

RF power potential of 45 nm CMOS technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents the first measurements of the RF power performance of 45 nm CMOS devices with varying device widths and layouts. We find that 45 nm CMOS can deliver a peak output power density of around 140 mW/mm with ...

Putnam, Christopher

104

Photoelectron Spectroscopy of Anions at 118.2 nm: Observation...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

coherent vacuum ultraviolet radiation at 118.2 nm (10.488 eV) by tripling the third harmonic output (355 nm) of a Nd:YAG laser in a XeAr cell. Our study focuses on a set of...

105

NC State Chemical Engineering Degrees -PhD Graduation Name NicknameGrad Date Hometown StateUndergrad Chair Initial Employer Employer City State  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Viirginia Chemicals Portsmouth VA Arthur Alexander Armstrong Jr Art 1/15/1957 Gastonia NC NC State/StanDuPont Camden SC Roger Thomas Johnson 8/15/1970 Milwaukee WI U. Wisconsin McCabe Richard Busbee Phillips Richard

Velev, Orlin D.

106

TRAINING PROGRAM | www.nccleantech.ncsu.edu North Carolina State University, Campus Box 7409, Raleigh, NC 27695 | 1 919-523-8888 | www.nccleantech.ncsu.edu 2014  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and finance topics to help renewable energy project development; this is a hybrid onsite and online course, Raleigh, NC 27695 | 1 919-523-8888 | www.nccleantech.ncsu.edu 2014 The award-winning Renewable Energy network of experienced renewable energy professionals To earn this continuing education diploma from NC

107

The Chlorella variabilis NC64A Genome Reveals Adaptation to Photosymbiosis, Coevolution with Viruses, and Cryptic Sex  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Chlorella variabilis NC64A, a unicellular photosynthetic green alga (Trebouxiophyceae), is an intracellular photobiont of Paramecium bursaria and a model system for studying virus/algal interactions. We sequenced its 46-Mb nuclear genome, revealing an expansion of protein families that could have participated in adaptation to symbiosis. NC64A exhibits variations in GC content across its genome that correlate with global expression level, average intron size, and codon usage bias. Although Chlorella species have been assumed to be asexual and nonmotile, the NC64A genome encodes all the known meiosis-specific proteins and a subset of proteins found in flagella. We hypothesize that Chlorella might have retained a flagella-derived structure that could be involved in sexual reproduction. Furthermore, a survey of phytohormone pathways in chlorophyte algae identified algal orthologs of Arabidopsis thaliana genes involved in hormone biosynthesis and signaling, suggesting that these functions were established prior to the evolution of land plants. We show that the ability of Chlorella to produce chitinous cell walls likely resulted from the capture of metabolic genes by horizontal gene transfer from algal viruses, prokaryotes, or fungi. Analysis of the NC64A genome substantially advances our understanding of the green lineage evolution, including the genomic interplay with viruses and symbiosis between eukaryotes.

Blanc, Guillaume; Duncan, Garry A.; Agarakova, Irina; Borodovsky, Mark; Gurnon, James; Kuo, Alan; Lindquist, Erika; Lucas, Susan; Pangailinan, Jasmyn; Polle, Juergen; Salamov, Asaf; Terry, Astrid; Yamada, Takashi; Dunigan, David D.; Grigoriev, Igor V.; Claverie, Jean-Michel; Etten, James L. Van

2010-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

108

Proceedings IEEE International Test Conference, Charlotte, NC, USA, September 30 October 2, 2003 A HYBRID CODING STRATEGY FOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proceedings IEEE International Test Conference, Charlotte, NC, USA, September 30 ­ October 2, 2003-fold solution: (1) The test data volume can be greatly reduced by simple encoding and decoding procedures. (2 A HYBRID CODING STRATEGY FOR OPTIMIZED TEST DATA COMPRESSION Armin Würtenberger, Christofer S. Tautermann

Hellebrand, Sybille

109

Synthesis and Characterization of Th2N2(NH) Isomorphous to Th2N3  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using a new, low-temperature, fluoride-based process, thorium nitride imide of the chemical formula Th{sub 2}N{sub 2}(NH) was synthesized from thorium dioxide via an ammonium thorium fluoride intermediate. The resulting product phase was characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis and was found to be crystallographically similar to Th{sub 2}N{sub 3}. Its unit cell was hexagonal with a space group of P3m{bar 1} and lattice parameters of a = b = 3.886(1) and c = 6.185(2) {angstrom}. The presence of -NH in the nitride phase was verified by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Total energy calculations performed using all-electron scalar relativistic density functional theory (DFT) showed that the hydrogen atom in the Th{sub 2}N{sub 2}(NH) prefers to bond with nitrogen atoms occupying 1a Wyckoff positions of the unit cell. Lattice fringe disruptions observed in nanoparticle areas of the nitride species by high-resolution transmission electron microscopic (HRTEM) images also displayed some evidence for the presence of -NH group. As ThO{sub 2} was identified as an impurity, possible reaction mechanisms involving its formation are discussed.

Silva, G W Chinthaka M [ORNL; Yeamans, Charles B. [University of California, Berkeley; Hunn, John D [ORNL; Sattelberger, Alfred P [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Czerwinski, Ken R. [University of Nevada, Las Vegas; Weck, Dr. Phil F [University of Nevada, Las Vegas

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Vol. 92 Concord, NH, Wednesday, November 6, 2013 No. 37 Weekly Market Bulletin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to recruit new members and future customers for the full-service cooperative grocery store the group plans sustainability. The cooperative- ly owned business "strives to serve the North Country of New HampshireVol. 92 Concord, NH, Wednesday, November 6, 2013 No. 37 Weekly Market Bulletin State of New

New Hampshire, University of

111

Photodissociation dynamics of CIN3 at 193nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Photofragment translational spectroscopy was used to identify the primary and secondary reaction pathways in 193 nm photodissociation of chlorine azide (ClN{sub 3}) under collision-free conditions. Both the molecular elimination (NCl+N{sub 2}) and the radical bond rupture channel (Cl+N{sub 3}) were investigated and compared with earlier results at 248 nm. The radical channel strongly dominates, just as at 248 nm. At 193 nm, the ClN{sub 3} ({tilde C} {sup 1}A{double_prime}) state is excited, rather than the {tilde B} {sup 1}A{prime} state that is accessed at 248 nm, resulting in different photofragment angular distributions. The chlorine translational energy distribution probing the dynamics of the radical bond rupture channel shows three distinct peaks, with the two fastest peaks occurring at the same translational energies as the two peaks seen at 248 nm that were previously assigned to linear and 'high energy' N{sub 3}. Hence, nearly all the additional photon energy relative to 248 nm appears as N{sub 3} internal excitation rather than as translational energy, resulting in considerably more spontaneous dissociation of N{sub 3} to N{sub 2}+N.

Goncher, Scott J.; Sveum, Niels E.; Moore, David T.; Bartlett,Nate D.; Neumark, Daniel M.

2006-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

112

STRUCTURE OF PENTAKIS (UREA) DIOXOURANIUM(VI)NITRATE LUO2 (OC (NH2)2)5 (NO3) 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2(OC(NH 2 )2)5](N0 3 )2 by Allan Zalkin*, Helena Ruben andU0 2 (OC(NH 2)2)5](N0 3)2 by Allan Zalkin, Hel~na Ruben and

Zalkin, Allan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

CHNG 5 CHNG TRNH KHI PHC SM XUT: PHT TRIN V NH GI CC GII PHP ...............................................................................................................................................................1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lng Môi Trng(CEQ) v vic thc hin Chính Sách Lut Môi Trng Quc Gia (NEPA) cng hng dn các t chc nghiên cu hp lý nu áp ng c mc tiêu và yêu cu ra, khôi phc hoc làm tng cht lng môi trng nhân sinh, và phòng tránh hoc gim thiu các hiu ng tiêu cc t hành ng ca các t chc ti cht lng môi trng nhân sinh (40 C

114

albuquerque nm 1st: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Proceedings of the American Solar Energy Society 98 Conference Albuquerque, NM (June 1998) Multidisciplinary Databases and...

115

NO ICE HYDROGENATION: A SOLID PATHWAY TO NH{sub 2}OH FORMATION IN SPACE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Icy dust grains in space act as catalytic surfaces onto which complex molecules form. These molecules are synthesized through exothermic reactions from precursor radicals and, mostly, hydrogen atom additions. Among the resulting products are species of biological relevance, such as hydroxylamine-NH{sub 2}OH-a precursor molecule in the formation of amino acids. In this Letter, laboratory experiments are described that demonstrate NH{sub 2}OH formation in interstellar ice analogs for astronomically relevant temperatures via successive hydrogenation reactions of solid nitric oxide (NO). Inclusion of the experimental results in an astrochemical gas-grain model proves the importance of a solid-state NO+H reaction channel as a starting point for prebiotic species in dark interstellar clouds and adds a new perspective to the way molecules of biological importance may form in space.

Congiu, Emanuele; Dulieu, Francois; Chaabouni, Henda; Baouche, Saoud; Lemaire, Jean Louis [LERMA-LAMAp, Universite de Cergy-Pontoise, Observatoire de Paris, ENS, UPMC, UMR 8112 du CNRS, 5 Mail Gay Lussac, 95000 Cergy Pontoise Cedex (France); Fedoseev, Gleb; Ioppolo, Sergio; Lamberts, Thanja; Linnartz, Harold [Raymond and Beverly Sackler Laboratory for Astrophysics, Leiden Observatory, University of Leiden, P.O. Box 9513, 2300 RA Leiden (Netherlands); Laffon, Carine; Parent, Philippe [Laboratoire de Chimie-Physique, Matiere et Rayonnement, Universite Pierre-et-Marie Curie (Paris 06) and CNRS (UMR 7614), 11 rue Pierre-et-Marie-Curie, 75231 Paris (France); Cuppen, Herma M., E-mail: emanuele.congiu@u-cergy.fr [Faculty of Science, Radboud University Nijmegen, IMM, P.O. Box 9010, NL 6500 GL Nijmegen (Netherlands)

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Planetary fluids He and NH/sub 3/ at high shock pressures and temperatures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Liquid He at 4.3 K and 1 atm was shocked to 16 GPa (160 kbar) and 12,000 K and double-shocked to 56 GPa and 21,000 K. Liquid perturbation theory was used to determine an effective interatomic potential from which the equation of state of He can be obtained over a wide range of densities and temperatures in the envelopes of the outer planets. A new fast optical pyrometer and a cryogenic specimen holder for liquid NH/sub 3/ were developed to measure shock temperatures of 4400 and 3600 K at pressures of 59 and 48 GPa. These conditions correspond to those in the ice layers in Uranus and Neptune. The shock temperature data are in reasonable agreement with an equation of state by Ree based on an intermolecular potential derived from NH/sub 3/ Hugoniot data.

Nellis, W.J.; Radousky, H.B.; Mitchell, A.C.; Holmes, N.C.; Ross, M.; Young, D.A.

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

mail: Sitterson Hall CB3175, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3175; phone: (919) 962-1700; email: lastname@cs.unc.edu.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

mail: Sitterson Hall CB3175, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3175; phone: (919) 962-1700; email: lastname and to swim around as the user moves. In a 1986 paper on Adaptive Refinement, Bergman, Fuchs, Grant, and Spach

Bishop, Gary

118

RAPID/Roadmap/19-NM-h | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExploration JumpSanyalTempWellheadWahkiakumNV-a Nonpoint7-FD-a9-AK-a9-NM-df <NM-h

119

RAPID/Roadmap/3-NM-f | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExploration JumpSanyalTempWellheadWahkiakumNV-a20-AK-a WellAK-g3-NM-b State RightNM-f

120

RAPID/Roadmap/11-NM-d | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to: navigation, search RAPIDColorado < RAPID‎ | Geothermal‎-CA-a)1-NM-a State1-NM-d

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nh nm nc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

RAPID/Roadmap/3-NM-e | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to: navigation, search RAPIDColorado <17-HI-a <3-FD-d Foresto3-NM-d State BusinessNM-e

122

RAPID/Roadmap/8-NM-d | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to: navigation, search RAPIDColorado <17-HI-a4-WA-a7-CA-e8-HI-a TransmissionNM-c8-NM-d

123

Sequence and annotation of the 369-kb NY-2A and the 345-kb AR158 viruses that infect Chlorella NC64A  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sequence and annotation of the 369-kb NY-2A and the 345-kb AR158 viruses that infect Chlorella NC64, unicellular, eukaryotic, chlorella-like green alga, Chlorella NC64A. The 368,683-bp genome of NY-2A and the 344,690-bp genome of AR158 are the two largest chlorella virus genomes sequenced to date; NY-2A

Graves, Michael V.

124

Presented in Conway, Lee, Merrimack and Plymouth, NH by the UNHCE Geospatial Outreach Program ArcGIS Workshops Spring 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, as well as, conduct geospatial analysis. Participants will learn to: symbolize GIS data; add labelsPresented in Conway, Lee, Merrimack and Plymouth, NH by the UNHCE Geospatial Outreach Program Arc

New Hampshire, University of

125

Presented in Concord, Merrimack and West Lebanon, NH by the UNHCE Geospatial Outreach Program ArcGIS Workshops Fall 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, as well as, conduct geospatial analysis. Participants will learn to: symbolize GIS data; add labelsPresented in Concord, Merrimack and West Lebanon, NH by the UNHCE Geospatial Outreach Program Arc

New Hampshire, University of

126

Presented in Lee and Concord, NH by the UNHCE Geospatial Outreach Program ArcGIS Workshops Winter 2013  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.1 to produce effective maps, edit and create GIS data, as well as, conduct geospatial analysis. ParticipantsPresented in Lee and Concord, NH by the UNHCE Geospatial Outreach Program ArcGIS Workshops Winter

New Hampshire, University of

127

Laboratory-measured H2SO4-H2O-NH3 ternary homogeneous nucleation rates: Initial observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-ammonia (H2SO4-H2O-NH3) ternary homogeneous nucleation (THN), with a fast flow nucleation reactor attached. 1. Introduction [2] Nucleation is a gas-to-particle conversion process [Seinfeld and Pandis, 2006

Lee, Shan-Hu

128

Statistical Leakage Estimation in 32nm CMOS Considering Cells Correlations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Statistical Leakage Estimation in 32nm CMOS Considering Cells Correlations Smriti Joshi 1 *, Anne into account input states and process variations is proposed. The statistical leakage estimation is based components in a device depend on the transistor geometry and threshold voltage, statistical variation

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

129

Ca II 854.2 nm BISECTORS AND CIRCUMFACULAR REGIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Active regions appear bright in Ca II 854.2 nm line core intensity while the surrounding areas, referred to as circumfacular regions, are darker than the active region or the quiet Sun. We use Synoptic Optical Long-term Investigations of the Sun Vector Spectromagnetograph Ca II 854.2 nm data (photospheric and chromospheric full disk magnetograms as well as high spectral resolution Stokes I and V profiles) to study the connection between magnetic canopies, circumfacular regions, and Ca II 854.2 nm bisector amplitudes (spans). The line bisector amplitude is reduced in circumfacular regions, where the 3 minute period power in chromospheric H{alpha} intensity oscillations is also reduced relative to the surrounding quiet Sun. The latter is consistent with magnetic canopies in circumfacular regions suppressing upward propagating steepening acoustic waves. Our results provide further strong evidence for shock waves as the cause of the inverse C-shaped bisector and explain the observed solar cycle variation of the shape and amplitude of Sun-as-a-star Ca II 854.2 nm bisectors.

Pietarila, A.; Harvey, J. W. [National Solar Observatory, 950 N. Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States)] [National Solar Observatory, 950 N. Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States)

2013-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

130

NM Junior College CATALOG YEAR 2009-Transferring from New Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2010 NM Junior College CATALOG YEAR 2009- 2010 11/9/2010 Transferring from New Mexico Junior College to the University of New Mexico #12;NMJC Course UNM Equivalent Important UNM Phone Numbers................................................................................................... http://advisement.unm.edu/ The University of New Mexico and New Mexico Junior College work closely

New Mexico, University of

131

Structural transitions of ternary imide Li{sub 2}Mg(NH){sub 2} for hydrogen storage  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Phase transitions and energetic properties of Li{sub 2}Mg(NH){sub 2} with different crystal structures are investigated by experiments and first-principles calculations. The Li{sub 2}Mg(NH){sub 2} with the primitive cubic and orthorhombic structure is obtained by dynamically dehydrogenating a Mg(NH{sub 2}){sub 2}-2LiH mixture up to 280?C under an initial vacuum and 9.0?bars H{sub 2}, respectively. It is found that the obtained orthorhombic Li{sub 2}Mg(NH){sub 2} is converted to a primitive cubic structure as the dehydrogenation temperature is further increased to 400?C or performed by a 36?h of high-energetic ball milling. Moreover, the primitive cubic phase can be converted to an orthorhombic phase after heating at 280?C under 9.0?bars H{sub 2} for 1?h. Thermodynamic calculations show that the orthorhombic phase is the ground state structure of Li{sub 2}Mg(NH){sub 2}. The mechanism for phase transitions of Li{sub 2}Mg(NH){sub 2} is also discussed from the angle of energy.

Liang, C. [College of Materials Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310014 (China); State Key Laboratory of Silicon Materials, Key Laboratory of Advanced Materials and Applications for Batteries of Zhejiang Province and Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China); Gao, M. X.; Pan, H. G., E-mail: hgpan@zju.edu.cn; Liu, Y. F. [State Key Laboratory of Silicon Materials, Key Laboratory of Advanced Materials and Applications for Batteries of Zhejiang Province and Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China)

2014-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

132

Rare Earth ? N = N* fs fGHZ fp nH fl  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rare Earth ? #12;N to date N = N* fs fGHZ fp nH fl ·N* = 4 x 1011 ·fs = 0.2 ·fGHZ = 0.1 ·fp = 0.8 ·nH = 2 ·fl = 1.0 N = 1.3 x 1010 #12;The Goldilocks Effect Earth is "Just Right" Yes, life on Earth has adapted to Earth, but ... Earth has just the right mass to be ·Tectonically-active ·Retain

Walter, Frederick M.

133

Metallicity of InN and GaN surfaces exposed to NH{sub 3}.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A systematic study of energies and structures of InN and GaN (0001) surfaces exposed to NH{sub 3} and its decomposition products was performed with first-principles methods. A phenomenological model including electron counting contributions is developed based on calculated DFT energies and is used to identify low-energy structures. These predictions are checked with additional DFT calculations. The equilibrium phase diagrams are found to contain structures that violate the electron counting rule. Densities of states for these structures indicate n-type conductivity, consistent with available experimental results.

Walkosz, W.; Zapol, P.; Stephenson, G. B. (Materials Science Division)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Influence of fuel sulfur on the selective reduction of NO by NH/sub 3/  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The selective reduction of NO by NH/sub 3/ addition has been studied in a lean-burning oil fired laboratory combustion tunnel with pyridine and thiophene added to the fuel oil. Two distinct, but interrelated effects were observed. The conversion of a fixed amount of fuel nitrogen to NO in the flame increased as the fuel sulfur concentration increased. In the post-combustion gases, there was a shift in the temperature dependence of the reduction process when the sulfur combustion products were present. The extent of the NO reduction was not significantly altered, but the optimum temperature for reduction shifted to higher values as the sulfur concentration increased.

Lucas, D.; Brown, N.J.

1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Simultaneous removal of H{sub 2}S and NH{sub 3} from coal gas. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hydrogen sulfide (H{sub 2}S) and ammonia (NH{sub 3}) are the primary sulfur and nitrogen contaminants released when coal is gasified. Before coal gas can be utilized in an integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) plant to produce electricity, these contaminants need to be removed. The objective of this research was to develop sorbent-catalysts with the ability to simultaneously remove H{sub 2}S and NH{sub 3} from coal gas. Microreactor tests with HART-49, a zinc-based sorbent-catalyst with Ni, Co, and Mo as catalyst additives, showed that this material had the potential to remove 90% NH{sub 3} and reduce H{sub 2}S to <20 ppmv at 1 atm and 550 to 700 C. HART-49 was prepared in attrition-resistant fluidizable form (HART-56) using up to 75 wt% binder. Bench-scale fluidized-bed multicycle tests were conducted with the attrition-resistant sorbent-catalyst, HART-56, at 20 atm and 550 C. The H{sub 2}S and NH{sub 3} removal performance over the first two cycles was good in the presence of 5% steam but deteriorated thereafter when steam level was increased to 15%. The results point to a complex mechanism for simultaneous H{sub 2}S and NH{sub 3} removal, potentially involving both chemisorption and catalytic decomposition of NH{sub 3}. Further research and development is needed to develop a sorbent-catalyst for simultaneous H{sub 2}S and NH{sub 3} removal at IGCC hot-gas cleanup conditions.

Gangwal, S.K.; Portzer, J.W.

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Public Service Co of NM | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

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137

RAPID/Roadmap/11-NM-c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

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138

Ion transport in sub-5-nm graphene nanopores  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Graphene nanopore is a promising device for single molecule sensing, including DNA bases, as its single atom thickness provides high spatial resolution. To attain high sensitivity, the size of the molecule should be comparable to the pore diameter. However, when the pore diameter approaches the size of the molecule, ion properties and dynamics may deviate from the bulk values and continuum analysis may not be accurate. In this paper, we investigate the static and dynamic properties of ions with and without an external voltage drop in sub-5-nm graphene nanopores using molecular dynamics simulations. Ion concentration in graphene nanopores sharply drops from the bulk concentration when the pore radius is smaller than 0.9nm. Ion mobility in the pore is also smaller than bulk ion mobility due to the layered liquid structure in the pore-axial direction. Our results show that a continuum analysis can be appropriate when the pore radius is larger than 0.9nm if pore conductivity is properly defined. Since many applications of graphene nanopores, such as DNA and protein sensing, involve ion transport, the results presented here will be useful not only in understanding the behavior of ion transport but also in designing bio-molecular sensors.

Suk, Myung E.; Aluru, N. R., E-mail: aluru@illinois.edu [Department of Mechanical Science and Engineering, Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States)

2014-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

139

Quark-antiquark and diquark condensates in vacuum in two-flavor four-fermion interaction models with any color number $N_c$  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The color number $N_c$-dependence of the interplay between quark-antiquark condensates $$ and diquark condensates $$ in vacuum in two-flavor four-fermion interaction models is researched. The results show that the $G_S$-$H_S$ (the coupling constant of scalar $(\\bar{q}q)^2$-scalar $(qq)^2$ channel) phase diagrams will be qualitatively consistent with the case of $N_c=3$ as $N_c$ varies in 4D Nambu-Jona Lasinio model and 2D Gross-Neveu (GN) model. However, in 3D GN model, the behavior of the $G_S$-$H_P$ (the coupling constant of pseudoscalar $(qq)^2$ channel) phase diagram will obviously depend on $N_c$. The known characteristic that a 3D GN model has not the coexistence phase of the condensates $$ and $$ is proven to appear only in the case of $N_c\\leq 4$. In all the models, the regions occupied by the phases containing the diquark condensates $$ in corresponding phase diagrams will gradually decrease as $N_c$ grows up and finally go to zero if $N_c \\to \\infty$, i.e. in this limit only the pure $$ phase could exist.

Bang-Rong Zhou

2009-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

140

Sub-30 nm InAs Quantum-Well MOSFETs with Self-aligned Metal Contacts and Sub-1 nm EOT HfO2 Insulator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

performance, ability to harmoniously scale down to sub-30 nm gate length dimensions and CMOS. MOSFETs with gate length dimensions in the 20-30 nm range and outstanding electrical characteristics that yields an undercut spacer is etched through highly

del Alamo, Jesús A.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nh nm nc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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141

Photo Album Of FAPAC - NM Activities | National Nuclear Security  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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142

NM Underground Storage Tank Registration | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

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143

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- LASL Tract OO - NM 06  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

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144

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Project Gnome Site - NM 12  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

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145

RAPID/Roadmap/14-NM-a | Open Energy Information  

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146

RAPID/Roadmap/14-NM-b | Open Energy Information  

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147

RAPID/Roadmap/19-NM-d | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExploration JumpSanyalTempWellheadWahkiakumNV-a Nonpoint7-FD-a9-AK-a9-NM-d

148

RAPID/Roadmap/19-NM-f | Open Energy Information  

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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExploration JumpSanyalTempWellheadWahkiakumNV-a Nonpoint7-FD-a9-AK-a9-NM-df <

149

RAPID/Roadmap/19-NM-j | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExploration JumpSanyalTempWellheadWahkiakumNV-a Nonpoint7-FD-a9-AK-a9-NM-df

150

RAPID/Roadmap/3-NM-b | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExploration JumpSanyalTempWellheadWahkiakumNV-a20-AK-a WellAK-g3-NM-b State Right of

151

RAPID/Roadmap/3-NM-c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExploration JumpSanyalTempWellheadWahkiakumNV-a20-AK-a WellAK-g3-NM-b State Right

152

RAPID/Roadmap/3-NM-g | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExploration JumpSanyalTempWellheadWahkiakumNV-a20-AK-a WellAK-g3-NM-b State

153

RAPID/Roadmap/6-NM-b | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-g Grant of Access Permit5-ID-a Drilling andNM-b Construction Storm Water

154

RAPID/Roadmap/8-NM-b | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-g Grant of Access Permit5-ID-a Drilling7-HI-ce < RAPID‎ |8-NM-b

155

RAPID/Roadmap/1-NM-a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to: navigation, search RAPIDColorado < RAPID‎ | Geothermal‎-CA-a Land-ID-a Land-NM-a

156

RAPID/Roadmap/11-NM-a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

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157

RAPID/Roadmap/12-NM-a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

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158

RAPID/Roadmap/14-NM-c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

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159

RAPID/Roadmap/15-NM-a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

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160

RAPID/Roadmap/15-NM-c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nh nm nc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

RAPID/Roadmap/18-NM-b | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

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162

RAPID/Roadmap/19-NM-i | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to: navigation, search RAPIDColorado <17-HI-a < RAPID‎g < RAPID‎NM-i Change in

163

RAPID/Roadmap/20-NM-a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

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164

RAPID/Roadmap/3-NM-d | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to: navigation, search RAPIDColorado <17-HI-a <3-FD-d Foresto3-NM-d State Business

165

RAPID/Roadmap/5-NM-a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

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166

RAPID/Roadmap/6-NM-a | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

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167

RAPID/Roadmap/8-NM-c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

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168

Two-photon optical pumping of NH/sub 3/ in a multipass cell  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A multipass cell was used in optical pumping of ammonia molecules by CO/sub 2/ laser radiation. Several new lasing lines were observed in the case of two-photon optical pumping of the NH/sub 3/ molecule at wavelengths in the range 16--35 ..mu... The output power of the various lines was in the range 10--50 kW. The divergence of the resultant radiation was diffraction-limited. A theoretical study was made of the two-photon pumping process. A stable (on the frequency scale) maximum was found in the gain profile of the output radiation. It was concluded that it should be possible to increase the energy and extend the emission spectrum of an ammonia laser pumped by double-photon absorption.

Bobrovskii, A.N.; Kiselev, V.P.; Kozhevnikov, A.V.; Likhanskii, V.V.; Mishchenko, V.A.; Myl'nikov, G.D.

1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Influence of fuel sulfur on the selective reduction of NO by NH/sub 3/  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

More intensive regulations of the emissions of nitrogen oxides from stationary combustion sources have prompted the innovation and characterization of new control technologies suitable for applications in utilities. One of the more recent and attractive abatement technologies is the Thermal DeNO/sub x/ process which has been described by Lyon and Longwell. This process removes NO by selectively reducing it with NH/sub 3/ added to the post-combustion gases containing excess oxygen. This process is thus independent of the NO formation mechanism and makes no distinction between thermal and fuel NO. The present study is concerned with characterizing the selective reduction process for light distillate oil fuel admixed with variable amounts of pyridene and thiophene in a laboratory scale combustion tunnel under a variety of experimental conditions. This paper reports on those aspects of the study concerned with the investigation of possible synergistic effects between the sulfur and selective reduction chemistry.

Lucas, D.; Brown, N.J.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Suppression of high-order-harmonic intensities observed in aligned CO{sub 2} molecules with 1300-nm and 800-nm pulses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High-order-harmonic generation from aligned N{sub 2}, O{sub 2}, and CO{sub 2} molecules is investigated by 1300-nm and 800-nm pulses. The harmonic intensities of 1300-nm pulses from aligned molecules show harmonic photon energy dependence similar to those of 800-nm pulses. Suppression of harmonic intensity from aligned CO{sub 2} molecules is observed for both 1300- and 800-nm pulses over the same harmonic photon energy range. As the dominant mechanism for the harmonic intensity suppression from aligned CO{sub 2} molecules, the present results support the two-center interference picture rather than the dynamical interference picture.

Kato, Kosaku; Minemoto, Shinichirou; Sakai, Hirofumi [Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

171

U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Energy Outlook...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Supply Model Regions Atlantic WA MT WY ID NV UT CO AZ NM TX OK IA KS MO IL IN KY TN MS AL FL GA SC NC WV PA NJ MD DE NY CT ME RI MA NH VA WI MI OH NE SD MN ND AR LA OR CA VT...

172

U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Energy Outlook...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

East North Central Mountain AK WA MT WY ID NV UT CO AZ NM TX OK IA KS MO IL IN KY TN MS AL FL GA SC NC WV PA NJ MD DE NY CT VT ME RI MA NH VA WI MI OH NE SD MN ND AR LA OR CA HI...

173

Annual Energy Outlook 2012  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Supply Model Regions Atlantic WA MT WY ID NV UT CO AZ NM TX OK IA KS MO IL IN KY TN MS AL FL GA SC NC WV PA NJ MD DE NY CT ME RI MA NH VA WI MI OH NE SD MN ND AR LA OR CA VT...

174

Annual Energy Outlook 2012  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AZ OR CA HI V MT WY ID UT CO IV OK IA KS MO IL IN KY TN WI MI OH NE SD MN ND II NM TX MS AL AR LA III NJ CT VT ME RI MA NH FL GA SC NC WV MD DE VA NY PA I PAD District I - East...

175

U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Energy Outlook...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AZ OR CA HI V MT WY ID UT CO IV OK IA KS MO IL IN KY TN WI MI OH NE SD MN ND II NM TX MS AL AR LA III NJ CT VT ME RI MA NH FL GA SC NC WV MD DE VA NY PA I PAD District I - East...

176

NH Agricultural Experiment Station -COLLEGE OF LIFE SCIENCES & AGRICULTURE yhttp://extension.unh.edu/Agric http://www.colsa.unh.edu/aes/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NH Agricultural Experiment Station - COLLEGE OF LIFE SCIENCES & AGRICULTURE yhttp of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA; 3 Ohio Agricultural Research & Development Center mil IR greenhouse film Data Collection

New Hampshire, University of

177

Measurement of airborne fission products in Chapel Hill, NC, USA from the Fukushima Dai-ichi reactor accident  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present measurements of airborne fission products in Chapel Hill, NC, USA, from 62 days following the March 11, 2011, accident at the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant. Airborne particle samples were collected daily in air filters and radio-assayed with two high-purity germanium (HPGe) detectors. The fission products I-131 and Cs-137 were measured with maximum activities of 4.2 +/- 0.6 mBq/m^3 and 0.42 +/- 0.07 mBq/m^3 respectively. Additional activity from I-131, I-132, Cs-134, Cs-136, Cs-137 and Te-132 were measured in the same air filters using a low-background HPGe detector at the Kimballton Underground Research Facility (KURF).

S. MacMullin; G. K. Giovanetti; M. P. Green; R. Henning; R. Holmes; K. Vorren; J. F. Wilkerson

2012-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

178

Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessment for the SNL/NM cafeterias.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Pollution Prevention Opportunity Assessment (PPOA) was conducted for the two Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico cafeteria facilities between May and August 2005. The primary purpose of this PPOA is to assess waste and resource reduction opportunities and issue Pollution Prevention (P2) recommendations for Sandia's food service facilities. This PPOA contains recommendations for energy, water and resource reduction, as well as material substitution based upon environmentally preferable purchasing. Division 3000 has requested the PPOA report as part of the Division's compliance effort to implement the Environmental Management System (EMS) per DOE Order 450.1. This report contains a summary of the information collected and analyses performed with recommended options for implementation. The SNL/NM P2 Group will work with Division 3000 and the respective cafeteria facilities to implement these options.

McCord, Samuel Adam

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Correlating Pulses from Two Spitfire, 800nm Lasers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The E163 laser acceleration experiments conducted at SLAC have stringent requirements on the temporal properties of two regeneratively amplified, 800nm, Spitfire laser systems. To determine the magnitude and cause of timing instabilities between the two Ti:Sapphire amplifiers, we pass the two beams through a cross-correlator and focus the combined beam onto a Hamamatsu G1117 photodiode. The photodiode has a bandgap such that single photon processes are suppressed and only the second order, two-photon process produces an observable response. The response is proportional to the square of the intensity. The diode is also useful as a diagnostic to determine the optimal configuration of the compression cavity.

Colby, Eric R.; Mcguinness, C.; Zacherl, W.D.; /SLAC; Plettner, T.; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.

2008-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

180

High power terahertz generation using 1550?nm plasmonic photomixers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a 1550?nm plasmonic photomixer operating under pumping duty cycles below 10%, which offers significantly higher terahertz radiation power levels compared to previously demonstrated photomixers. The record-high terahertz radiation powers are enabled by enhancing the device quantum efficiency through use of plasmonic contact electrodes, and by mitigating thermal breakdown at high optical pump power levels through use of a low duty cycle optical pump. The repetition rate of the optical pump can be specifically selected at a given pump duty cycle to control the spectral linewidth of the generated terahertz radiation. At an average optical pump power of 150 mW with a pump modulation frequency of 1 MHz and pump duty cycle of 2%, we demonstrate up to 0.8 mW radiation power at 1 THz, within each continuous wave radiation cycle.

Berry, Christopher W. [Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States); Hashemi, Mohammad R.; Jarrahi, Mona [Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States); Electrical Engineering Department, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States); Preu, Sascha [Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Technology, Technical University Darmstadt, D-64283 Darmstadt (Germany); Lu, Hong; Gossard, Arthur C. [Materials Department, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)

2014-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nh nm nc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Fabrication of sub-15?nm aluminum wires by controlled etching  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe a method for the fabrication of uniform aluminum nanowires with diameters below 15?nm. Electron beam lithography is used to define narrow wires, which are then etched using a sodium bicarbonate solution, while their resistance is simultaneously measured in-situ. The etching process can be stopped when the desired resistance is reached, and can be restarted at a later time. The resulting nanowires show a superconducting transition as a function of temperature and magnetic field that is consistent with their smaller diameter. The width of the transition is similar to that of the lithographically defined wires, indicating that the etching process is uniform and that the wires are undamaged. This technique allows for precise control over the normal state resistance and can be used to create a variety of aluminum nanodevices.

Morgan-Wall, T.; Hughes, H. J.; Hartman, N.; Markovi?, N. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21218 (United States); McQueen, T. M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21218 (United States); Department of Chemistry, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21218 (United States)

2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

182

Access Management in Multi-Administration Networks S. P. Lord, N.H. Pope, and Susan Stepney  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Access Management in Multi-Administration Networks S. P. Lord, N.H. Pope, and Susan Stepney GEC of linking together networks controlled by different administrations, and allowing these administrations and representations. S. P. Lord, N. H. Pope, and Susan Stepney. Access Management in multi-administration networks

Stepney, Susan

183

Effective interactions between the N-H bond orientations in lithium imide and a proposed ground-state structure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effective interactions between the N-H bond orientations in lithium imide and a proposed ground Received 28 February 2006; revised manuscript received 17 July 2006; published 4 October 2006 Lithium imide in the structure. By searching an effective Hamiltonian in which the energy of lithium imide is expressed

Ceder, Gerbrand

184

An AlGaAsGaAs quantum cascade laser operating with a thermoelectric cooler for spectroscopy of NH3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

out using a compact thermo-electrically cooled laser package. The QCL described here is designedAn AlGaAs­GaAs quantum cascade laser operating with a thermoelectric cooler for spectroscopy of NH3. Langford b a Department of Electronics and Electrical Engineering, Rankine Building, University of Glasgow

185

North Carolina State University, Campus Box 7409, Raleigh, NC 27695 | 919-513-7831 | www.nccleantech.ncsu.edu 9/17/12 Advancing Clean Energy for a Sustainable Economy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.nccleantech.ncsu.edu 9/17/12 Advancing Clean Energy for a Sustainable Economy Clean Transportation | www.nccleantech.ncsu.edu Clean Fuel Advanced Technology (CFAT) 2010-2012: Iredell County Sheriff Propane (LPG) Vehicle Summary Clean Fuel Advanced Technology (CFAT) Project 2006-2012: Administered by the NC Solar Center at NC State

186

Verification of Allowable Stresses In ASME Section III Subsection NH For Grade 91 Steel & Alloy 800H  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The database for the creep-rupture of 9Cr-1Mo-V (Grade 91) steel was collected and reviewed to determine if it met the needs for recommending time-dependent strength values, S{sub t}, for coverage in ASME Section III Subsection NH (ASME III-NH) to 650 C (1200 F) and 600,000 hours. The accumulated database included over 300 tests for 1% total strain, nearly 400 tests for tertiary creep, and nearly 1700 tests to rupture. Procedures for analyzing creep and rupture data for ASME III-NH were reviewed and compared to the procedures used to develop the current allowable stress values for Gr 91 for ASME II-D. The criteria in ASME III-NH for estimating S{sub t} included the average strength for 1% total strain for times to 600,000 hours, 80% of the minimum strength for tertiary creep for times to 600,000 hours, and 67% of the minimum rupture strength values for times to 600,000 hours. Time-temperature-stress parametric formulations were selected to correlate the data and make predictions of the long-time strength. It was found that the stress corresponding to 1% total strain and the initiation of tertiary creep were not the controlling criteria over the temperature-time range of concern. It was found that small adjustments to the current values in III-NH could be introduced but that the existing values were conservative and could be retained. The existing database was found to be adequate to extend the coverage to 600,000 hours for temperatures below 650 C (1200 F).

R. W. Swindeman; M. J. Swindeman; B. W. Roberts; B. E. Thurgood; D. L. Marriott

2007-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

187

Chemical analysis of HfO{sub 2}/Si (100) film systems exposed to NH{sub 3} thermal processing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nitrogen incorporation in HfO{sub 2}/SiO{sub 2} films utilized as high-k gate dielectric layers in advanced metal-oxide-semiconductor field effect transistors has been investigated. Thin HfO{sub 2} blanket films deposited by atomic layer deposition on either SiO{sub 2} or NH{sub 3} treated Si (100) substrates have been subjected to NH{sub 3} and N{sub 2} anneal processing. Several high resolution techniques including electron microscopy with electron energy loss spectra, grazing incidence x-ray diffraction, and synchrotron x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy have been utilized to elucidate chemical composition and crystalline structure differences between samples annealed in NH{sub 3} and N{sub 2} ambients as a function of temperature. Depth profiling of core level binding energy spectra has been obtained by using variable kinetic energy x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy with tunable photon energy. An 'interface effect' characterized by a shift of the Si{sup 4+} feature to lower binding energy at the HfO{sub 2}/SiO{sub 2} interface has been detected in the Si 1s spectra; however, no corresponding chemical state change has been observed in the Hf 4f spectra acquired over a broad range of electron take-off angles and surface sensitivities. The Si 2p spectra indicate Si-N bond formation beneath the HfO{sub 2} layer in the samples exposed to NH{sub 3} anneal. The NH{sub 3} anneal ambient is shown to produce a metastable Hf-N bond component corresponding to temperature driven dissociation kinetics. These findings are consistent with elemental profiles across the HfO{sub 2}/Si(100) interface determined by electron energy loss spectroscopy measurements. X-ray diffraction measurements on similarly treated films identify the structural changes resulting from N incorporation into the HfO{sub 2} films.

Lysaght, Patrick S.; Barnett, Joel; Bersuker, Gennadi I.; Woicik, Joseph C.; Fischer, Daniel A.; Foran, Brendan; Tseng, Hsing-Huang; Jammy, Raj [Front End Process Division, SEMATECH, 2706 Montopolis Drive, Austin, Texas 78741-6499 (United States); National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 (United States); Physical Characterization Laboratory, Advanced Technology Development Facility, 2706 Montopolis Drive, Austin, Texas 78741-6499 (United States); Front End Process Division, SEMATECH, 2706 Montopolis Drive, Austin, Texas 78741-6499 (United States)

2007-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

188

June M. Merlino, Training & Organizational Development Consultant June Merlino joined NC State in April 2010 and currently serves as a training and organizational  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

organizational and leadership development consultant/coach supporting with change, learning strategies and talentJune M. Merlino, Training & Organizational Development Consultant June Merlino joined NC State in April 2010 and currently serves as a training and organizational development consultant. June offers

189

North Carolina State University, Campus Box 7409, Raleigh, NC 27695 | 1 919-523-8888 | www.nccleantech.ncsu.edu 2014 TRAINING PROGRAM | www.nccleantech.ncsu.edu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to different types and sizes of renewable systems make N.C. Solar Center an ideal training loca on opera onal, 28' x 48' 4/12 pitch training roofs for photovoltaics and solar thermal handson training or ba ery system PV lab. For more information, contact Training Program Manager, Maria O

190

Resonant tunneling with high peak to valley current ratio in SiO{sub 2}/nc-Si/SiO{sub 2} multi-layers at room temperature  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have investigated carrier transport in SiO{sub 2}/nc-Si/SiO{sub 2} multi-layers by room temperature current-voltage measurements. Resonant tunneling signatures accompanied by current peaks are observed. Carrier transport in the multi-layers were analyzed by plots of ln(I/V{sup 2}) as a function of 1/V and ln(I) as a function of V{sup 1/2}. Results suggest that besides films quality, nc-Si and barrier sub-layer thicknesses are important parameters that restrict carrier transport. When thicknesses are both small, direct tunneling dominates carrier transport, resonant tunneling occurs only at certain voltages and multi-resonant tunneling related current peaks can be observed but with peak to valley current ratio (PVCR) values smaller than 1.5. When barrier thickness is increased, trap-related and even high field related tunneling is excited, causing that multi-current peaks cannot be observed clearly, only one current peak with higher PVCR value of 7.7 can be observed. While if the thickness of nc-Si is large enough, quantum confinement is not so strong, a broad current peak with PVCR value as high as 60 can be measured, which may be due to small energy difference between the splitting energy levels in the quantum dots of nc-Si. Size distribution in a wide range may cause un-controllability of the peak voltages.

Chen, D. Y., E-mail: cdy7659@126.com [Department of Physics, Nanjing National Laboratory of Microstructures and Key Laboratory of Advanced Photonic and Electronic, materials, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Nanjing University of posts and Telecommunications, Nanjing 210046 (China); Sun, Y.; He, Y. J. [Nanjing University of posts and Telecommunications, Nanjing 210046 (China); Xu, L.; Xu, J. [Department of Physics, Nanjing National Laboratory of Microstructures and Key Laboratory of Advanced Photonic and Electronic, materials, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China)

2014-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

191

Intramolecular Hydrogen Bonding in Disubstituted Ethanes. A Comparison of NH,,,O-and OH,,,O-Hydrogen Bonding through Conformational Analysis of 4-Amino-4-oxobutanoate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Intramolecular Hydrogen Bonding in Disubstituted Ethanes. A Comparison of NH,,,O- and OH,,,O- Hydrogen Bonding through Conformational Analysis of 4-Amino-4-oxobutanoate (succinamate) and Monohydrogen 1 of amide NH,,,O- and carboxyl OH,,,O- hydrogen bonds were investigated via conformational analysis

Goddard III, William A.

192

Effective hole extraction using MoO{sub x}-Al contact in perovskite CH{sub 3}NH{sub 3}PbI{sub 3} solar cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report an 11.4%-efficient perovskite CH{sub 3}NH{sub 3}PbI{sub 3} solar cell using low-cost molybdenum oxide/aluminum (i.e., MoO{sub x}/Al) as an alternative top contact to replace noble/precious metals (e.g., Au or Ag) for extracting photogenerated holes. The device performance of perovskite solar cells using a MoO{sub x}/Al top contact is comparable to that of cells using the standard Ag top contact. Analysis of impedance spectroscopy measurements suggests that using 10-nm-thick MoO{sub x} and Al does not affect charge-recombination properties of perovskite solar cells. Using a thicker (20-nm) MoO{sub x} layer leads to a lower cell performance caused mainly by a reduced fill factor. Our results suggest that MoO{sub x}/Al is promising as a low-cost and effective hole-extraction contact for perovskite solar cells.

Zhao, Yixin; Nardes, Alexandre M.; Zhu, Kai, E-mail: Kai.Zhu@nrel.gov [Chemical and Materials Science Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado 80401 (United States)

2014-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

193

229 nm UV Photochemical Degradation of Energetic Molecules Luling Wang, David Tuschel, Sanford A. Asher*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

229 nm UV Photochemical Degradation of Energetic Molecules Luling Wang, David Tuschel, Sanford A photochemical degradation of energetic molecules upon UV resonance Raman (UVRR) excitation of the 229 nm UVRR degradation quantum yields of UV resonance Raman, photodegradation, explosive detection

Asher, Sanford A.

194

New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution Print Wednesday, 31 August 2005 00:00...

195

Damage thresholds of fluoride multilayers at 355 nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fluoride multilayer coatings were evaluated for use in 355 nm high reflector applications. The LaF[sub 3]/Na[sub 3]AlF[sub 6], NdF[sub 3]/Na[sub 3]AlF[sub 6] and GdF[sub 3]/Na[sub 3]AlF[sub 6] multilayers had laser damage thresholds of 20, 17.9 and 7.4 (measured at 10-ns pulsewidths), respectively. High tensile stresses in the coatings restricted this evaluation to only 5-layer-pair partial reflectors (49--52%).The LaF[sub 3]/Na[sub 3]AlF[sub 6], NdF[sub 3]/Na[sub 3]Al[sub 6] and GdF[sub 3]/Na[sub 3]AlF[sub 6] multilayers had tensile stresses of [approximately] 1.1 [times] 109, 1.3 [times] 109 and 9.3 [times] 10[sup 8] dynes/cm[sup 2], respectively. Substrate material and glow-discharge processing of the substrates were found to influence the density of stress-induced coating fractures and damage thresholds in some cases. If stress fracturing and scatter can be controlled, these fluoride material combinations are suited for 3[omega] applications.

Chow, R.; Kozlowski, M.R.; Loomis, G.E.; Rainer, F.

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

FY09 assessment of mercury reduction at SNL/NM.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This assessment takes the result of the FY08 performance target baseline of mercury at Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico, and records the steps taken in FY09 to collect additional data, encourage the voluntary reduction of mercury, and measure success. Elemental (metallic) mercury and all of its compounds are toxic, and exposure to excessive levels can permanently damage or fatally injure the brain and kidneys. Elemental mercury can also be absorbed through the skin and cause allergic reactions. Ingestion of inorganic mercury compounds can cause severe renal and gastrointestinal damage. Organic compounds of mercury such as methyl mercury, created when elemental mercury enters the environment, are considered the most toxic forms of the element. Exposures to very small amounts of these compounds can result in devastating neurological damage and death.1 SNL/NM is required to report annually on the site wide inventory of mercury for the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) Program, as the site's inventory is excess of the ten pound reportable threshold quantity. In the fiscal year 2008 (FY08) Pollution Prevention Program Plan, Section 5.3 Reduction of Environmental Releases, a performance target stated was to establish a baseline of mercury, its principle uses, and annual quantity or inventory. This was accomplished on July 29, 2008 by recording the current status of mercury in the Chemical Information System (CIS).

McCord, Samuel Adam

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

RICE UNIVERSITY 461nm Laser For Studies In Ultracold Neutral Strontium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RICE UNIVERSITY 461nm Laser For Studies In Ultracold Neutral Strontium by Aaron D Saenz A Thesis Houston, Texas July, 2005 #12;ABSTRACT 461nm Laser For Studies In Ultracold Neutral Strontium by Aaron D Saenz A 461 nm laser was constructed for the purposes of studying ultracold neutral strontium

Killian, Thomas C.

198

header for SPIE use Fluoropolymers for 157nm Lithography: Optical Properties from VUV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

new radiation damage mechanisms in previously accepted optical materials. For 157 nm pellicles, newheader for SPIE use Fluoropolymers for 157nm Lithography: Optical Properties from VUV Absorbance With the introduction of 157 nm as the next optical lithography wavelength, the need for new pellicle and photoresist

Rollins, Andrew M.

199

Passively mode locked c.w. dye lasers operating from 490 nm to 800 nm P. M. W. French, J. A. R. Williams and J. R. Taylor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1651 Passively mode locked c.w. dye lasers operating from 490 nm to 800 nm P. M. W. French, J. A. R Rhodamine 6G et DODCI. Abstract. 2014 Passively mode locked c.w. dyes lasers now represent an important/passive dyes other than the standard combination of Rhodamine 6G and DODCI. Revue Phys. Appl. 22 (1987) 1651

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

200

Demonstration of an 8.85 nm Gain-Saturated Table-Top Soft X-Ray Laser and Lasing down to 7.4 nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the efficient generation of a gain-saturated 8.85 nm wavelength table-top soft x-ray laser operating at 1 Hz repetition rate and the observation of lasing at wavelengths as short as 7.36 nm in lanthanide ions.

Wang, Yong [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Alessi, David [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Luther, Brad [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Yin, Liang [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Martz, Dale [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Berrill, Mark A [ORNL; Jorge, Rocca [Colorado State University, Fort Collins

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nh nm nc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Ion Exclusion by Sub 2-nm Carbon Nanotube Pores  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Carbon nanotubes offer an outstanding platform for studying molecular transport at nanoscale, and have become promising materials for nanofluidics and membrane technology due to their unique combination of physical, chemical, mechanical, and electronic properties. In particular, both simulations and experiments have proved that fluid flow through carbon nanotubes of nanometer size diameter is exceptionally fast compared to what continuum hydrodynamic theories would predict when applied on this length scale, and also, compared to conventional membranes with pores of similar size, such as zeolites. For a variety of applications such as separation technology, molecular sensing, drug delivery, and biomimetics, selectivity is required together with fast flow. In particular, for water desalination, coupling the enhancement of the water flux with selective ion transport could drastically reduce the cost of brackish and seawater desalting. In this work, we study the ion selectivity of membranes made of aligned double-walled carbon nanotubes with sub-2 nm diameter. Negatively charged groups are introduced at the opening of the carbon nanotubes by oxygen plasma treatment. Reverse osmosis experiments coupled with capillary electrophoresis analysis of permeate and feed show significant anion and cation rejection. Ion exclusion declines by increasing ionic strength (concentration) of the feed and by lowering solution pH; also, the highest rejection is observed for the A{sub m}{sup Z{sub A}} C{sub n}{sup Z{sub C}} salts (A=anion, C=cation, z= valence) with the greatest Z{sub A}/Z{sub C} ratio. Our results strongly support a Donnan-type rejection mechanism, dominated by electrostatic interactions between fixed membrane charges and mobile ions, while steric and hydrodynamic effects appear to be less important. Comparison with commercial nanofiltration membranes for water softening reveals that our carbon nanotube membranes provides far superior water fluxes for similar ion rejection capabilities.

Fornasiero, F; Park, H G; Holt, J K; Stadermann, M; Grigoropoulos, C P; Noy, A; Bakajin, O

2008-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

202

Descriptor-Based Analysis Applied to HCN Synthesis from NH3 and CH4  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The design of solid metal catalysts using theoretical methods has been a long-standing goal in heterogeneous catalysis. Recent developments in methodology and computer technology as well as the establishment of a descriptor-based approach for the analysis of reaction mechanisms and trends across the periodic table allow for the fast screening for new catalytic materials and have lead to first examples of computational discoveries of new materials. The underlying principles of the descriptor-based approach are the existence of relations between the surface electronic structure, adsorption energies and activation barriers that result in volcano-shaped activity plots as function of simple descriptors, such as atomic binding energies or the d-band center. Linear scaling relations have been established between the adsorption energies of hydrogen-containing molecules such as CH{sub x}, NH{sub x}, OH{sub x} and SH{sub x} and the C, N O and S adsorption energies on transition-metal surfaces. Transition-state energies have also been shown to scale linearly with adsorption energies in a similar fashion. Recently, a single transition state scaling relation has been identified for a large number of C-C, C-O, C-N, N-O, N-N, and O-O coupling reactions. The scaling relations provide a powerful tool for the investigation of reaction mechanisms and the prediction of potential energy surfaces. They limit the number of independent variables to a few, typically adsorption energies of key atoms. Using this information as input to a microkinetic model provides an understanding of trends in catalytic activity across the transition metals. In most cases a volcano-shaped relation between activity and the key variables, the descriptors, is observed. In the present paper we will provide an example of the approach outlined above and show how one can obtain an understanding of activity/selectivity trends of a reaction with just a few new calculations.

Grabow, L

2011-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

203

RELAP5 assessment using semiscale SBLOCA test S-NH-1. International Agreement Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

2-inch cold leg break test S-NH-1, conducted at the 1/1705 volume scaled facility Semiscale was analyzed using RELAP5/MOD2 Cycle 36.04 and MOD3 Version 5m5. Loss of HPIS was assumed, and reactor trip occurred on a low PZR pressure signal (13.1 MPa), and pumps began an unpowered coastdown on SI signal (12.5 MPa). The system was recovered by opening ADV`s when the PCT became higher than 811 K. Accumulator was finally injected into the system when the primary system pressure was less than 4.0 MPa. The experiment was terminated when the pressure reached the LPIS actuation set point RELAP5/MOD2 analysis demonstrated its capability to predict, with a sufficient accuracy, the main phenomena occurring in the depressurization transient, both from a qualitative and quantitative points of view. Nevertheless, several differences were noted regarding the break flow rate and inventory distribution due to deficiencies in two-phase choked flow model, horizontal stratification interfacial drag, and a CCFL model. The main reason for the core to remain nearly fully covered with the liquid was the under-prediction of the break flow by the code. Several sensitivity calculations were tried using the MOD2 to improve the results by using the different options of break flow modeling (downward, homogeneous, and area increase). The break area compensating concept based on ``the integrated break flow matching`` gave the best results than downward junction and homogeneous options. And the MOD3 showed improvement in predicting a CCFL in SG and a heatup in the core.

Lee, E.J.; Chung, B.D.; Kim, H.J. [Korea Inst. of Nuclear Safety, Taejon (Korea, Republic of)

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

nh Gi Thit Hi Ti Nguyn Thin Nhin ca V Trn Du Deepwater Horizon Cc D n Khu Vc  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lng Sò ip Nhm Tng C Hi ánh Bt Gii Trí Trong Vùng Cán Xong Florida s c thc hin Qun Bay (h thng Vnh St Okaloosa và Walton. Lý tng ra thì bng cách thc hin d án này,s lng sò ip ti các a im c can thip cui cùng có th s tng lên ti các mc t duy trì bn vng c cho vic ánh bt gii trí. S lng sò ip các Qun Gulf và

205

A Pyrrolyl-based Triazolophane: A Macrocyclic Receptor With CH and NH Donor Groups That Exhibits a Preference for Pyrophosphate Anions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A pyrrolyl-based triazolophane, incorporating CH and NH donor groups, acts as a receptor for the pyrophosphate anion in chloroform solution. It shows selectivity for this trianion, followed by HSO{sub 4}{sup -} > H{sub 2}PO{sub 4}{sup -} > Cl{sup -} > Br{sup -} (all as the corresponding tetrabutylammonium salts), with NH-anion interactions being more important than CH-anion interactions. In the solid state, the receptor binds the pyrophosphate anion in a clip-like slot via NH and CH hydrogen bonds.

Sessler, Jonathan L. [University of Texas; Cia, Jiajia [University of Texas, Austin; Gong, Han-Yuan [University of Texas, Austin; Yang, Xiauping [University of Texas, Austin; Arambula, Jonathan F. [University of Texas, Austin; Hay, Benjamin [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Supporting Information Electric Field Reversal of Na2SO4, (NH4)2SO4, and Na2CO3 relative to CaCl2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

water 1 M Na2 CO3 1 M Na2 SO4 1 M (NH4 )2 SO4 2 M CaCl2 2 M NaCl Re (2) (a.u.) Incident Infrared (cm -1.8 M CaCl2, 1.8 M NaCl, 1.1 M Na2CO3, 1.1 M Na2SO4, and 1.1 M (NH4)2SO4 salt solutions. ExperimentalS1 Supporting Information Electric Field Reversal of Na2SO4, (NH4)2SO4, and Na2CO3 relative to CaCl

207

Time-Resolved XAFS Spectroscopic Studies of B-H and N-H Oxidative Addition to Transition Metal Catalysts Relevant to Hydrogen Storage  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Successful catalytic dehydrogenation of aminoborane, H3NBH3, prompted questions as to the potential role of N-H oxidative addition in the mechanisms of these processes. N-H oxidative addition reactions are rare, and in all cases appear to involve initial dative bonding to the metal by the amine lone pairs followed by transfer of a proton to the basic metal. Aminoborane and its trimethylborane derivative block this mechanism and, in principle, should permit authentic N-H oxidative attrition to occur. Extensive experimental work failed to confirm this hypothesis. In all cases either B-H complexation or oxidative addition of solvent C-H bonds dominate the chemistry.

Bitterwolf, Thomas E. [University of Idaho

2014-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

208

arXiv:1007.3122v2[q-bio.NC]30Jan2013 Robust Short-Term Memory without Synaptic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

been stored in samuel.johnson@imperial.ac.uk 1 #12;our brains previously (not very credible). Here wearXiv:1007.3122v2[q-bio.NC]30Jan2013 Robust Short-Term Memory without Synaptic Learning Samuel Johnson1,2, , J. Marro3 , and Joaqu´in J. Torres3 1 Department of Mathematics, Imperial College London, SW

Johnson, Samuel

209

Supporting Information Surface Electric Fields of Aqueous Solutions of NH4NO3, Mg(NO3)2, NaNO3,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

S1 Supporting Information Surface Electric Fields of Aqueous Solutions of NH4NO3, Mg(NO3)2, NaNO3 interfaces of (a) 1.0 M and 2.0 M LiNO3, (b) 1.0 M and 1.7 M NaNO3, (c) 1.0 M and 1.6 M NH4NO3, and (d) 1.0 M water 1.0 M NaNO3 1.7 M NaNO3 c water 1.0 M NH4 NO3 1.6 M NH4 NO3 | (2) | 2 (10 3 arb.units) Wavenumber

210

.Research Module: Scheme 2. N-Benzylation of N-H Pyrazolidinones 3. 3 6. 60 Scheme 2 Procedure: N-Alkylation Using Aldehyde  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

folder. It will actually produce two NMR printouts for you. The first one will be dominated by methanol Scheme 1, add 10 mL of anhydrous methanol. · For 4-methoxy compoud 3c, add 20 mL of methanol, since the 4-Benzylation Synthesis of N-Benzyl Pyrazolidinones NH NH O R1 3a-e + H O 4 Methanol Solvent 0.05 CF3CO2H (catalyst) N N O

Jasperse, Craig P.

211

Microstructural characterisation of nanocomposite nc-MeC/a-C coatings on oxygen hardened Ti-6Al-4V alloy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nanocomposite coatings are novel, important systems composed of two or more nanocrystalline, or nanocrystalline and amorphous, phases. Such coatings offer a possibility of tailoring the coating microstructure and achieving new improved properties of coated materials. In this work a duplex surface treatment, consisting of an oxygen diffusion treatment and deposition of low friction nanocomposite nc-MeC/a-C (Me = transition metal, Ti, W or Cr) coatings, was applied for improvement of the Ti-6Al-4V alloy properties. The coatings composed of nanocrystallites of transition metal carbides (TiC or Cr{sub x}C{sub y} or WC) embedded in hydrogen-free amorphous carbon (a-C) matrix were deposited onto the surface of an oxygen hardened Ti-6Al-4 V alloy substrate by means of a simple DC magnetron sputtering. A nano/microstructure of the substrate material and coatings has been examined by scanning- and transmission electron microscopy complemented with the results of X-ray diffraction analyses. It was found that the nanocomposite coatings are composed of different carbide nanocrystals (with sizes of a few nanometres) embedded in an amorphous carbon matrix. The results of qualitative and quantitative analyses of the nanocrystalline phase in the coatings with use of high-resolution transmission electron microscopy combined with image analysis are given in the paper. An effect of the nano/microstructure parameters of the coated alloy onto its micro-mechanical (nanohardness and Young's modulus) and tribological properties (wear resistance and friction coefficient) is discussed in the paper.

Moskalewicz, T., E-mail: tmoskale@agh.edu.pl [AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Metals Engineering and Industrial Computer Science, 30-059 Krakow, Al. Mickiewicza 30 (Poland); Wendler, B. [Technical University of Lodz, Institute of Materials Science and Engineering, PL-90 924 Lodz, ul. Stefanowskiego 1 (Poland); Czyrska-Filemonowicz, A. [AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Metals Engineering and Industrial Computer Science, 30-059 Krakow, Al. Mickiewicza 30 (Poland)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

212

The nature of the dense core population in the Pipe Nebula: A survey of NH3, CCS, and HC5N molecular line emission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent extinction studies of the Pipe Nebula (d=130 pc) reveal many cores spanning a range in mass from 0.2 to 20.4 Msun. These dense cores were identified via their high extinction and comprise a starless population in a very early stage of development. Here we present a survey of NH3 (1,1), NH3 (2,2), CCS (2_1,1_0), and HC5N (9,8) emission toward 46 of these cores. An atlas of the 2MASS extinction maps is also presented. In total, we detect 63% of the cores in NH3 (1,1) 22% in NH3 (2,2), 28% in CCS, and 9% in HC5N emission. We find the cores are associated with dense gas (~10^4 cm-3) with 9.5 Pipe cores are similar to cores within other low-mass star-forming regions: the only differences are that the Pipe cores have weaker NH3 emision and most show no current star formation as evidenced by the lack of embedded infrared sources. Such weak NH3 emission could arise due to low column densities and abundances or reduced excitation due to relatively low core volume densities. Either alternative implies that the cores are relatively young. Thus, the Pipe cores represent an excellent sample of dense cores in which to study the initial conditions for star formation and the earliest stages of core formation and evolution.

J. M. Rathborne; C. J. Lada; A. A. Muench; J. F. Alves; M. Lombardi

2007-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

213

Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Air Pollution from Agricultural Operations Research Triangle Park, NC October 12-15, 2003  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

monitoring unit (PMU) has been developed and refined for field measurement and acquisition of NH3 level, CO2 information for the modern birds (W-36 laying hens). Comparative tests were conducted between the PMU baseline data on gaseous, odor, and particulate emissions from concentrated animal feeding operations

Kentucky, University of

214

Demonstration of 12 nm resolution Fresnel zone plate lens based soft x-ray microscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To extend soft x-ray microscopy to a resolution of order 10 nm or better, we developed a new nanofabrication process for Fresnel zone plate lenses. The new process, based on the double patterning technique, has enabled us to fabricate high quality gold zone plates with 12 nm outer zones. Testing of the zone plate with the full-field transmission x-ray microscope, XM-1, in Berkeley, showed that the lens clearly resolved 12 nm lines and spaces. This result represents a significant step towards 10 nm resolution and beyond.

Chao, W.; Kim, J.; Rekawa, S.; Fischer, P.; Anderson, E. H.

2009-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

215

Defects of a phosphosilicate glass exposed to the 193-nm radiation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Induced absorption is measured in a hydrogen-unloaded phosphosilicate glass (PSG) in spectral ranges from 140 to 850 nm and from 1000 to 1700 nm before and after its exposure to the 193-nm radiation. It is shown that the induced-absorption bands in the range between 140 and 300 nm do not coincide with the bands observed earlier after exposing a PSG to X-rays. It is assumed that the photorefractive effect in the PSG is related to variations induced in the glass network rather than to defects responsible for the induced-absorption bands. (fiber and integrated optics)

Larionov, Yu V; Sokolov, V O; Plotnichenko, V G [Fiber Optics Research Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2007-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

216

I'NC.F::.-------  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

al two dairies in Washington State. This NEPA review only applies 10 the Rainier Biogas Project. After prior DOE NEPA review, the Rainier Biogas Project received funding from...

217

High power CW dye laser emission around 888 nm M. Leduc and G. Trenec  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

355 High power CW dye laser emission around 888 nm M. Leduc and G. Trenec Laboratoire de report a maximum output power of 1.5 W at 888 nm from a HITC jet stream dye laser pumped by a Kr+ laser above previously reported results. Good stability of the dye solution is observed over months

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

218

Passively modelocked 832 nm vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, focused into an optical spot with dimensions of 100 ? 200 mm. The SESAM consisted of an AlAs/Al0.2Ga0.8As DBR, a spacer layer of GaAs0.75P0.25, a 4.8 nm GaAs quantum well and a 2 nm-thick capping layer of Ga

Keller, Ursula

219

Magnetization switching in 70-nm-wide pseudo-spin-valve nanoelements Xiaobin Zhua)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fe, respectively, in this case separated by a spacer layer. The individual elements have dimensions of 70 nm 550 nm with submicron or deep- submicron dimensions.4,5 These PSV or MTJ elements con- sist of asymmetric sandwiches is magnetically hard. For elements with micron-scale dimensions, interactions between the layers can lead

Grütter, Peter

220

Construction of a 1014.8nm fiber amplifier for quadrupling into the UV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A fiber amplifier is constructed at 1014.8nm and then frequency doubled to produce 507.4nm. This could then be frequency doubled again to produce 253.7 radiation. The fiber amplifier consists of Ytterbium doped double-clad fiber cooled to low...

Giuoco, Frank Joseph

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nh nm nc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Faraday and Cotton-Mouton Effects of Helium at = 1064 nm A. Cad`ene1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Faraday and Cotton-Mouton Effects of Helium at = 1064 nm A. Cad`ene1 , D. Sordes1 , P. Berceau1 of the Faraday and the Cotton-Mouton effects of helium gas at = 1064 nm. Our apparatus is based on an up and Cotton-Mouton effect. Our measurements give for the first time the experimental value of the Faraday

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

222

Photodissociation dynamics of ClN{sub 3} at 193 nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Photofragment translational spectroscopy was used to identify the primary and secondary reaction pathways in 193 nm photodissociation of chlorine azide (ClN{sub 3}) under collision-free conditions. Both the molecular elimination (NCl+N{sub 2}) and the radical bond rupture channel (Cl+N{sub 3}) were investigated and compared with earlier results at 248 nm. The radical channel strongly dominates, just as at 248 nm. At 193 nm, the ClN{sub 3} (C-tilde{sup 1}A{sup ''}) state is excited, rather than the B-tilde{sup 1}A{sup '} state that is accessed at 248 nm, resulting in different photofragment angular distributions. The chlorine translational energy distribution probing the dynamics of the radical bond rupture channel shows three distinct peaks, with the two fastest peaks occurring at the same translational energies as the two peaks seen at 248 nm that were previously assigned to linear and 'high energy' N{sub 3}. Hence, nearly all the additional photon energy relative to 248 nm appears as N{sub 3} internal excitation rather than as translational energy, resulting in considerably more spontaneous dissociation of N{sub 3} to N{sub 2}+N.

Goncher, Scott J.; Sveum, Niels E.; Moore, David T.; Bartlett, Nate D.; Neumark, Daniel M. [Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 and Chemical Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)

2006-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

223

Rare-earth plasma extreme ultraviolet sources at 6.5-6.7 nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have demonstrated a laser-produced plasma extreme ultraviolet source operating in the 6.5-6.7 nm region based on rare-earth targets of Gd and Tb coupled with a Mo/B{sub 4}C multilayer mirror. Multiply charged ions produce strong resonance emission lines, which combine to yield an intense unresolved transition array. The spectra of these resonant lines around 6.7 nm (in-band: 6.7 nm {+-}1%) suggest that the in-band emission increases with increased plasma volume by suppressing the plasma hydrodynamic expansion loss at an electron temperature of about 50 eV, resulting in maximized emission.

Otsuka, Takamitsu; Higashiguchi, Takeshi; Yugami, Noboru; Yatagai, Toyohiko [Department of Advanced Interdisciplinary Sciences, Center for Optical Research and Education (CORE), Utsunomiya University, Yoto 7-1-2, Utsunomiya, Tochigi 321-8585 (Japan); Kilbane, Deirdre; White, John; Dunne, Padraig; O'Sullivan, Gerry [School of Physics, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland); Jiang, Weihua [Department of Electrical Engineering, Nagaoka University of Technology, Kami-tomiokamachi 1603-1, Nagaoka, Niigata 940-2188 (Japan); Endo, Akira [Forschungszentrum Dresden, Bautzner Landstrs. 400, D-01328 Dresden (Germany)

2010-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

224

National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) compliance at Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico (SNL/NM)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report on National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) compliance at Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico (SNL/NM) chronicles past and current compliance activities and includes a recommended strategy that can be implemented for continued improvement. This report provides a list of important references. Attachment 1 contains the table of contents for SAND95-1648, National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Compliance Guide Sandia National Laboratories (Hansen, 1995). Attachment 2 contains a list of published environmental assessments (EAs) and environmental impact statements (EISs) prepared by SNL/NM. Attachment 3 contains abstracts of NEPA compliance papers authored by SNL/NM and its contractors.

Wolff, T.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Community Involvement and Issues Management Dept.; Hansen, R.P. [Hansen Environmental Consultants, Englewood, CO (United States)

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Unusual defect physics in CH{sub 3}NH{sub 3}PbI{sub 3} perovskite solar cell absorber  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thin-film solar cells based on Methylammonium triiodideplumbate (CH{sub 3}NH{sub 3}PbI{sub 3}) halide perovskites have recently shown remarkable performance. First-principle calculations show that CH{sub 3}NH{sub 3}PbI{sub 3} has unusual defect physics: (i) Different from common p-type thin-film solar cell absorbers, it exhibits flexible conductivity from good p-type, intrinsic to good n-type depending on the growth conditions; (ii) Dominant intrinsic defects create only shallow levels, which partially explain the long electron-hole diffusion length and high open-circuit voltage in solar cell. The unusual defect properties can be attributed to the strong Pb lone-pair s orbital and I p orbital antibonding coupling and the high ionicity of CH{sub 3}NH{sub 3}PbI{sub 3}.

Yin, Wan-Jian, E-mail: wanjian.yin@utoledo.edu; Shi, Tingting; Yan, Yanfa, E-mail: yanfa.yan@utoledo.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy and Center for Photovoltaics Innovation and Commercialization, The University of Toledo, Toledo, Ohio 43606 (United States)

2014-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

226

Encapsulation of titanium (IV) silsesquioxane into the NH{sub 4}USY zeolite: Preparation, characterization and application  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This work describes the encapsulation of titanium (IV) silsesquioxane into the supercavities of NH{sub 4}USY ultra stabilized zeolite, after chemical treatment. The modified zeolite was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectra, Nuclear magnetic resonance, scanning electronic microscopy, X-ray diffraction and thermogravity. This encapsulated titanium (IV) silsesquioxane can adsorb Azure A chloride after treatment with H{sub 3}PO{sub 4}, without modifier leaching problems. In an electrochemical study, the cyclic voltammograms of the graphite paste modified electrode, shows two redox couples with formal potential (E{sup 0}') -0.1 V and 0.21 V to I and II redox couples respectively (v=700mVs{sup -1}; Britton Robinson buffer (B-R) solution, pH 3) versus SCE ascribed to a monomer and dimmer of azure. This paper shows the use of ultra stabilized zeolite in the electrochemical field as host for molecules with nanometric dimensions.

Ribeiro do Carmo, Devaney [Faculdade de Engenharia de Ilha Solteira (UNESP), Departamento de Fisica e Quimica, Av. Brasil Centro, 56 CEP 15385-000, Ilha Solteira, SP (Brazil)], E-mail: docarmo@dfq.feis.unesp.br; Dias Filho, Newton Luiz [Faculdade de Engenharia de Ilha Solteira (UNESP), Departamento de Fisica e Quimica, Av. Brasil Centro, 56 CEP 15385-000, Ilha Solteira, SP (Brazil); Ramos Stradiotto, Nelson [Universidade Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Instituto de Quimica PO Box, Araraquara, SP (Brazil)

2007-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

227

Comprehensive inverse modeling for the study of carrier transport models in sub-50nm MOSFETs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Direct quantitative 2-D characterization of sub-50 nm MOSFETs continues to be elusive. This research develops a comprehensive indirect inverse modeling technique for extracting 2-D device topology using combined log(I)-V ...

Djomehri, Ihsan Jahed, 1976-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Electrode Placement and the Fabrication of Sub-100-nm Nanopore Arrays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The anodization of aluminum films grown on silicon substrates under controlled conditions is used to fabricate porous alumina arrays. Such porous arrays are used as sensors or lithography masks for fabrication of sub-100-nm nanodot arrays...

Gonzales, Jacob D.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

229

Carbon nanotube assisted formation of sub-50 nm polymeric nano-structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A novel processing method was developed for sub-50 nm structures by integrating quantum dots (QDs) on patterned polymer substrates. Poly(styrene-alt-maleic anhydride) (PSMa) was prepared by the initiated chemical vapor ...

Lee, Chia-Hua

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

High energy femtosecond fiber laser at 1018 nm and high power Cherenkov radiation generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Two novel laser systems for ultrafast applications have been designed and built. For the seeding of a high energy cryogenically cooled Yb:YLF laser, a novel 1018 nm fiber laser system is demonstrated. It produces >35 nJ ...

Yang, Hongyu, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Effects of 810-nm Laser on Murine Bone-Marrow-Derived Dendritic Cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Objective: The purpose of this study was to Investigate the effect of 810-nm low level laser therapy (LLLT) on dendritic cells (DC) in vitro. Background data: LLLT can enhance wound healing and increase cell proliferation ...

Chen, Aaron Chih-Hao

232

4.1.2 NANO FOUNTAIN PROBE WITH 40 NM WRITING RESOLUTION K.-H. Kim, N. Moldovan, H. D. Espinosa; "A Novel Nano Fountain Probe with sub-100 nm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

4.1.2 NANO FOUNTAIN PROBE WITH 40 NM WRITING RESOLUTION K.-H. Kim, N. Moldovan, H. D. Espinosa; "A Novel Nano Fountain Probe with sub-100 nm Molecular Writing Resolution", Small, 2005, ASAP. Patent the first "nano-fountain pen" capable of depositing organic ink molecules in patterns as small as 40 nm

Shull, Kenneth R.

233

Mixed quantum/classical investigation of the photodissociation of NH3,,A~ ... and a practical method for maintaining zero-point energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with a classical mechanical treatment of nuclear motion on coupled potential-energy surfaces. Whereas older mixedMixed quantum/classical investigation of the photodissociation of NH3,,A~ ... and a practical method for maintaining zero-point energy in classical trajectories David Bonhommeaua and Donald G

Truhlar, Donald G

234

Detailed modeling and laser-induced fluorescence imaging of nitric oxide in a NH3-seeded non-premixed methane/air flame  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

non-premixed methane/air flame John B. Bell, Marcus S. Day, Joseph F. Grcar Computing Sciences-induced fluorescence imaging of nitric oxide in a NH3-seeded non-premixed methane/air flame Abstract In this paper we study the formation of NO in laminar, nitrogen diluted methane diffusion flames that are seeded

Bell, John B.

235

Structure-Activity Relationships in NH3-SCR over Cu-SSZ-13 as Probed by Reaction Kinetics and EPR Studies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cu-SSZ-13 catalysts with various Cu loadings were prepared via solution ion exchange. The hydrated samples were studied with Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR). Cu2+ ion coordination numbers were obtained by analyzing the hyperfine structures while Cu-Cu distances were estimated from line broadening of the EPR features. By coupling EPR and temperature-programmed reduction (TPR) results, two Cu2+ ion locations were suggested. Standard and fast NH3-SCR, as well as non-selective NH3 oxidation reactions were carried out over these catalysts at high space velocities. For the SCR reaction, intra-particle diffusion limitation was found throughout the reaction temperatures investigated. Although clear structure-activity relationships cannot be derived, the reaction results allow for reactant diffusivities and Cu2+ ion locations to be estimated. The slower NH3 oxidation reaction, on the other hand, is kinetically limited at low temperatures, and, therefore, allows for a correlation between Cu2+ ion location and reaction kinetics to be made. Furthermore, the dynamic Cu2+ ion motion as a function of temperature could also be derived from the NH3 oxidation kinetics.

Gao, Feng; Walter, Eric D.; Karp, Eric M.; Luo, Jin-Yong; Tonkyn, Russell G.; Kwak, Ja Hun; Szanyi, Janos; Peden, Charles HF

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Phase Transformations of the Ternary System (NH4)2SO4-H2SO4-H2O and the Implications for Cirrus Cloud Formation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the presence of NH4 + ions in the aerosol of the upper troposphere. Low-temperature ternary phase diagrams distribution alters the cloud's radiative properties, persistence, and surface area available for heterogeneous radiation, which insulates or warms Earth, and scattering the sun's visible radiation upward, thus cooling

237

THE JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS 138, 054301 (2013) Photodissociation dynamics of the methyl perthiyl radical at 248 nm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the photodissociation of the methyl perthiyl radical CH3SS at 248 nm. The radical was produced by flash pyrolysis

Neumark, Daniel M.

238

August 20, 2009 0:58 International Journal of Electronics IJEADC-90nm International Journal of Electronics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

variation of 10.5% in the INL and 5.7% in the DNL, with both INL and DNL being less than 0.5LSB. The 90nm, the ADC has also been presented using 45nm Predictive Technology Models (PTM). At 45nm, INL = 0.46LSB, DNL

Mohanty, Saraju P.

239

High power single-crystal fiber CW 946 nm laser and blue generation based on Rubidium-doped PPKTP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for high power, continuous wave and polarized laser at 946 nm (fig1.c). We demonstrate a polarized laser. Laurell, "High-power, continous-wave, second harmonic generation at 532 nm in periodically poled KTiOPO4(b)(a) (c) High power single-crystal fiber CW 946 nm laser and blue generation based on Rubidium

Boyer, Edmond

240

The SEMATECH Berkeley microfield exposure tool: learning a the 22-nm node and beyond  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Microfield exposure tools (METs) continue to playa dominant role in the development of extreme ultraviolet (EUV) resists. One of these tools is the SEMATECH Berkeley 0.3-NA MET operating as a SEMATECH resist and mask test center. Here we present an update summarizing the latest resist test and characterization results. The relatively small numerical aperture and limited illumination settings expected from 1st generation EUV production tools make resist resolution a critical issue even at the 32-nm node. In this presentation, sub 22 nm half pitch imaging results of EUV resists are reported. We also present contact hole printing at the 30-nm level. Although resist development has progressed relatively well in the areas of resolution and sensitivity, line-edge-roughness (LER) remains a significant concern. Here we present a summary of recent LER performance results and consider the effect of system-level contributors to the LER observed from the SEMA TECH Berkeley microfield tool.

Naulleau, Patrick; Anderson, Christopher; Baclea-an, Lorie-Mae; Denham, Paul; George, Simi; Goldberg, Kenneth A.; Goldstein, Michael; Hoef, Brian; Hudyma, Russ; Jones, Gideon; Koh, Chawon; La Fontaine, Bruno; McClinton, Brittany; Miyakawa, Ryan; Montgomery, Warren; Roller, John; Wallow, Tom; Wurm, Stefan

2009-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nh nm nc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Gd plasma source modeling at 6.7 nm for future lithography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Plasmas containing gadolinium have been proposed as sources for next generation lithography at 6.x nm. To determine the optimum plasma conditions, atomic structure calculations have been performed for Gd{sup 11+} to Gd{sup 27+} ions which showed that n = 4 - n = 4 resonance transitions overlap in the 6.5-7.0 nm region. Plasma modeling calculations, assuming collisional-radiative equilibrium, predict that the optimum temperature for an optically thin plasma is close to 110 eV and that maximum intensity occurs at 6.76 nm under these conditions. The close agreement between simulated and experimental spectra from laser and discharge produced plasmas indicates the validity of our approach.

Li Bowen; Dunne, Padraig; O'Sullivan, Gerry [School of Physics, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland); Higashiguchi, Takeshi; Yugami, Noboru [Department of Advanced Interdisciplinary Sciences, Center for Optical Research and Education (CORE), and Optical Technology Innovation Center (OpTIC), Utsunomiya University, Yoto 7-1-2, Utsunomiya, Tochigi 321-8585 (Japan); Japan Science and Technology Agency, CREST, 4-1-8 Honcho, Kanagawa, Saitama 332-0012 (Japan); Otsuka, Takamitsu [Department of Advanced Interdisciplinary Sciences, Center for Optical Research and Education (CORE), and Optical Technology Innovation Center (OpTIC), Utsunomiya University, Yoto 7-1-2, Utsunomiya, Tochigi 321-8585 (Japan); Jiang, Weihua [Department of Electrical Engineering, Nagaoka University of Technology, Kami-tomiokamachi 1603-1, Nagaoka, Niigata 940-2188 (Japan); Endo, Akira [Research Institute of Science and Engineering, Waseda University, 3-4-1, Okubo, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 169-0072 (Japan)

2011-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

242

Lasing characteristics of Er/sup 3 +/-doped silica fibers from 1553 up to 1603 nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The laser oscillations from 1553 up to 1603 nm have been demonstrated in Er/sup 3 +/-doped silica fibers with a doping rate of 2500 ppm. Wide changes in laser oscillation wavelengths are due to broad splitting of the upper sublevels in the /sup 4/I/sub 152/ manifold, caused by the random structure of the silica matrix. It has been shown that unpumped parts of the Er/sup 3 +/ ions in the end pumped fiber laser configuration play an important role in the wavelength changes of the laser oscillation. For an absorbed pump power of 320 mW at 514 nm, output power of 0.5 mW was obtained at 1603 nm.

Kimura, Y.; Nakazawa, M.

1988-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

243

Photoinduced absorption and refractive-index induction in phosphosilicate fibres by radiation at 193 nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The photoinduced room-temperature-stable increase in the refractive index by {approx}5x10{sup -4} at a wavelength of 1.55 {mu}m was observed in phosphosilicate fibres without their preliminary loading with molecular hydrogen. It is shown that irradiation of preliminary hydrogen-loaded fibres by an ArF laser at 193 nm enhances the efficiency of refractive-index induction by an order of magnitude. The induced-absorption spectra of preforms with a phosphosilicate glass core and optical fibres fabricated from them are studied in a broad spectral range from 150 to 5000 nm. The intense induced-absorption band ({approx}800 cm{sup -1}) at 180 nm is found, which strongly affects the formation of the induced refractive index. The quantum-chemical model of a defect related to this band is proposed. (optical fibres)

Rybaltovsky, A A; Sokolov, V O; Plotnichenko, V G; Lanin, Aleksei V; Semenov, S L; Dianov, Evgenii M [Fiber Optics Research Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation); Gur'yanov, A N; Khopin, V F [Institute of Chemistry of High-Purity Substances, Russian Academy of Sciences, Nizhnii Novgorod (Russian Federation)

2007-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

244

Photoionization rates of Cs Rydberg atoms in a 1064-nm far-off-resonance trap  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experimental measurements of photoionization rates of nD{sub 5/2} Rydberg states of Cs (50{<=}n{<=}75) in a 1064-nm far off-resonance dipole trap are presented. The photoionization rates are obtained by measuring the lifetimes of Rydberg atoms produced inside of a 1064-nm far off-resonance trap and comparing the lifetimes to corresponding control experiments in a magneto-optical trap. Experimental results for the control experiments agree with recent theoretical predictions for Rydberg state lifetimes and measured photoionization rates are in agreement with transition rates calculated from a model potential.

Tallant, J.; Booth, D.; Shaffer, J. P. [Homer L. Dodge Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Oklahoma, 440 West Brooks Street, Norman, Oklahoma 73019 (United States)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

245

A 4 to 0.1 nm FEL Based on the SLAC Linac  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The author show that using existing electron gun technology and a high energy linac like the one at SLAC, it is possible to build a Free Electron Laser operating around the 4 nm water window. A modest improvement in the gun performance would further allow to extend the FEL to the 0.1 nm region. Such a system would produce radiation with a brightness many order of magnitude above that of any synchrotron radiation source, existing or under construction, with laser power in the multigawatt region and subpicosecond pulse length.

Pellegrini, C.; /UCLA

2012-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

246

Effects of constraints in general branched molecules: A quantitative ab initio study in HCO-L-Ala-NH2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A general approach to the design of accurate classical potentials for protein folding is described. It includes the introduction of a meaningful statistical measure of the differences between approximations of the same potential energy, the definition of a set of Systematic and Approximately Separable and Modular Internal Coordinates (SASMIC), much convenient for the simulation of general branched molecules, and the imposition of constraints on the most rapidly oscillating degrees of freedom. All these tools are used to study the effects of constraints in the Conformational Equilibrium Distribution (CED) of the model dipeptide HCO-L-Ala-NH2. We use ab initio Quantum Mechanics calculations including electron correlation at the MP2 level to describe the system, and we measure the conformational dependence of the correcting terms to the naive CED based in the Potential Energy Surface (PES) without any simplifying assumption. These terms are related to mass-metric tensors determinants and also occur in the Fixman's compensating potential. We show that some of the corrections are non-negligible if one is interested in the whole Ramachandran space. On the other hand, if only the energetically lower region, containing the principal secondary structure elements, is assumed to be relevant, then, all correcting terms may be neglected up to peptides of considerable length. This is the first time, as far as we know, that the analysis of the conformational dependence of these correcting terms is performed in a relevant biomolecule with a realistic potential energy function.

Pablo Echenique; J. L. Alonso; Ivan Calvo

2006-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

247

North Carolina State University, Campus Box 7409, Raleigh, NC 27695 | 919-513-7831 | www.cleantransportation.org 9/17/12 Advancing Clean Energy for a Sustainable Economy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.cleantransportation.org 9/17/12 Advancing Clean Energy for a Sustainable Economy Clean Transportation | Campus Box 7409, Raleigh, NC 27695 | 919-513-7831 | www.cleantransportation.org Clean Fuel Advanced Technology (CFAT) 2010-2012: Iredell County Sheriff Propane (LPG) Vehicle Summary Clean Fuel Advanced Technology (CFAT) Project 2006

248

Proceedings of the American Solar Energy Society 98 Conference Albuquerque, NM (June 1998)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proceedings of the American Solar Energy Society 98 Conference Albuquerque, NM (June 1998) 131.e., this is energy that does not have to #12;Proceedings of the American Solar Energy Society 98 Conference PHOTOVOLTAICS AS AN ENERGY SERVICES TECHNOLOGY: A CASE STUDY OF PV SITED AT THE UNION OF CONCERNED SCIENTISTS

Delaware, University of

249

Efficient methylammonium lead iodide perovskite solar cells with active layers from 300 to 900 nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Efficient methylammonium lead iodide perovskite-based solar cells have been prepared in which the perovskite layer is sandwiched in between two organic charge transporting layers that block holes and electrons, respectively. This configuration leads to stable and reproducible devices that do not suffer from strong hysteresis effects and when optimized lead to efficiencies close to 15%. The perovskite layer is formed by using a dual-source thermal evaporation method, whereas the organic layers are processed from solution. The dual-source thermal evaporation method leads to smooth films and allows for high precision thickness variations. Devices were prepared with perovskite layer thicknesses ranging from 160 to 900 nm. The short-circuit current observed for these devices increased with increasing perovskite layer thickness. The main parameter that decreases with increasing perovskite layer thickness is the fill factor and as a result optimum device performance is obtained for perovskite layer thickness around 300 nm. However, here we demonstrate that with a slightly oxidized electron blocking layer the fill factor for the solar cells with a perovskite layer thickness of 900 nm increases to the same values as for the devices with thin perovskite layers. As a result the power conversion efficiencies for the cells with 300 and 900 nm are very similar, 12.7% and 12%, respectively.

Momblona, C.; Malinkiewicz, O.; Soriano, A.; Gil-Escrig, L.; Bandiello, E.; Scheepers, M.; Bolink, H. J., E-mail: henk.bolink@uv.es [Instituto de Ciencia Molecular, Universidad de Valencia, C/Catedrtico J. Beltrn 2, 46980 Paterna, Valencia (Spain); Roldn-Carmona, C. [Instituto de Ciencia Molecular, Universidad de Valencia, C/Catedrtico J. Beltrn 2, 46980 Paterna, Valencia (Spain); Department of Physical Chemistry and Applied Thermodynamics, University of Crdoba, Campus Rabanales, Ed. C3, 14014, Crdoba (Spain); Edri, E. [Department of Materials and Interfaces, Weizmann Institute of Science, Herzl St. 34, Rehovot 76100 (Israel)

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Measurements of the operating characteristics of a 1064 nm pumped KTP RISTRA OPO.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Measurements of the operating characteristics of a 1064 nm pumped potassium titanyl phosphte (KTP) optical parametric oscillator (OPO) were carried out at the Electro Optics Systems Laboratory of Georgia Tech Research Institute (GTRI). The OPO was developed by Sandia National Laboratories and employs a nonplanar image-rotating geometry that is known by the acronym RISTRA, denoting Rotated Image Singly-Resonant Twisted RectAngle. The OPO was configured for pumping by the 1064 nm fundamental wavelength of a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser to generate a signal wavelength at 1627 nm and idler wavelength at 3074.8 nm. GTRI will be incorporate the OPO into a multi-wavelength lidar platform called the Integrated Atmospheric Characterization System (IACS). Prior to completion of the system design for the IACS platform, personnel at GTRI carried out a series of risk reduction experiments to measure the operating characteristics of the OPO. Sandia's role in this effort included technical assistance with numerical modeling of OPO performance, selection of nonlinear optical crystals, specification of cavity-mirror dielectric coatings, selection of vendors for optical components, and advice concerning integration of the RISTRA OPO into the IACS platform. This report describes results of the risk reduction measurements and it also provides some background information on the operating characteristics of RISTRA OPO's but is not intended to be a tutorial. A working knowledge of pulsed solid-state lasers, laser cavity modes, laser beam quality and beam propagation, and three-wave mixing in nonlinear crystals, is useful.

Gimmestad, Gary (Georgia Tech Research Institute, Atlanta, GA); Armstrong, Darrell Jewell; Wood, Jack (Georgia Tech Research Institute, Atlanta, GA); Roberts, David (Georgia Tech Research Institute, Atlanta, GA)

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

High Accuracy 65nm OPC Verification: Full Process Window Model vs. Critical Failure ORC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High Accuracy 65nm OPC Verification: Full Process Window Model vs. Critical Failure ORC Amandine of Mask Rule Checking (MRC) and Optical Rule Checking (ORC) have become indispensable tools for ensuring, a technique known as Critical Failure ORC (CFORC) was introduced that uses optical parameters from aerial

Boyer, Edmond

252

Laser amplification at 18. 2 nm in recombining plasma from a laser-irradiated carbon fiber  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Extreme ultraviolet laser amplification has been observed for the C VI Balmer-..cap alpha.. transition at 18.2 nm, with use of a novel optical system to irradiate up to 1 cm length of carbon fiber target. The measurements were time resolved and indicated peak single-transit amplification of about 30 times.

Chenais-Popovics, C.; Corbett, R.; Hooker, C.J.; Key, M.H.; Kiehn, G.P.; Lewis, C.L.S.; Pert, G.J.; Regan, C.; Rose, S.J.; Sadaat, S.

1987-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

253

A 90nm CMOS Direct Conversion Transmitter for WCDMA Xuemin Yang1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A 90nm CMOS Direct Conversion Transmitter for WCDMA Xuemin Yang1 , Anosh Davierwalla2 , David Mann3 IBM, Burlington, VT Abstract -- A linear high output power CMOS direct conversion transmitter for wide?5 QFN. Index Terms -- direct conversion, CMOS, WCDMA, transmitter, third order distortion cancellation

254

2007 Nature Publishing Group Self-formation of sub-60-nm half-pitch  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

studies of thin polymer films and termed fracture induced structuring (FIS), self-generates gratings. Specifically, FIS consists of three steps (Fig. 1)12,13. First, a coating of a polymer thin film (for example and cross- sections of FIS gratings. The half-pitch of the FIS grating was found to be as small as 60 nm

255

1-10 nM E2 E2 30 E2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

076 1. E2 E2 E2 E2 2. E2 E2 2 E2 1 1-10 nM E2 5), 7) E2 30 E2 7) E2 512076-0792011 Modulation of Learning and Memory slowly but also rapidly. Slow actions of estradiol (E2) occur via nuclear receptors (ER), while rapid E2

Kawato, Suguru

256

Diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser emitting at 899 nm Marc Castaing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser emitting at 899 nm and below Marc Castaing Laboratoire Charles Fabry de l); published March 5, 2007 We present what is, to the best of our knowledge, the first diode-pumped Nd, or diode- pumped solid-state (DPSS) lasers. Classical wave- lengths of frequency-doubled DPSS blue lasers

Boyer, Edmond

257

Sapphire (0 0 0 1) surface modifications induced by long-pulse 1054 nm laser irradiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

spectrum from ultraviolet to visible and near-infrared (0.2­2 mm), high resistance to abrasion, thermal. Loomis a a Physics Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545, USA b Materials on the uncoated and coated surfaces. The individual damage effects of hotspots became less pronounced at high

Ma, Chi

258

IEEE JOURNAL OF SOLID-STATE CIRCUITS, VOL. 42, NO. 12, DECEMBER 2007 2745 A 14-mW 6.25-Gb/s Transceiver in 90-nm CMOS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

USA (e-mail: jp@rambus.com). J. Eyles was with Rambus, Inc., Chapel Hill, NC 27514 USA. He is now. The transceiver em- ploys a number of features for reducing power consumption, in- cluding a shared LC-PLL clock, 2007. J. Poulton, R. Palmer, A. M. Fuller, and T. Greer are with Rambus, Inc., Chapel Hill, NC 27514

Palermo, Sam

259

Frequency stabilization of 1. 5-. mu. m InGaAsP distributed feedback laser to NH/sub 3/ absorption lines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

NH/sub 3/ absorption lines due to vibration-rotation transitions are observed at 1.50--1.54 ..mu..m by using an InGaAsP superluminescent diode. A 1.5-..mu..m InGaAsP distributed feedback (DFB) laser is frequency stabilized to an NH/sub 3/ linear absorption line at 15196 A. Frequency stability of sigma(2,tau) = 8 x 10/sup -11/tau/sup -1/ is achieved for an averaging time range of 10 ms< or =tau< or =1 s. Such an absolute frequency-stabilized DFB laser is useful for coherent optical system applications, since it is free from the longitudinal mode jumping which results from a wide range of temperature changes and long-term device degradation.

Yanagawa, T.; Saito, S.; Yamamoto, Y.

1984-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

260

InGaAs/InP DHBTs WITH A 75nm COLLECTOR, 20nm BASE DEMONSTRATING 544 GHz f , BVCEO = 3.2V, and BVCBO = 3.4V  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

InGaAs/InP DHBTs WITH A 75nm COLLECTOR, 20nm BASE DEMONSTRATING 544 GHz f , BVCEO = 3.2V, and BVCBOGaAs base and a 75 nm InP collector containing an InGaAs/InAlAs superlattice grade. These devices exhibit collector thickness for any HBT. The devices have been scaled vertically for reduced base and collector

Rodwell, Mark J. W.

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261

Part I:Part I: Degradation in 3.2 nm Gate Oxides:Degradation in 3.2 nm Gate Oxides: Effects on Inverter Performance and MOSFETEffects on Inverter Performance and MOSFET  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on Inverter Performance and MOSFETEffects on Inverter Performance and MOSFET Characteristics.2 nm Gate Oxides: Effects on Inverter Performance and MOSFETEffects on Inverter Performance and MOSFET

Anlage, Steven

262

Laser-plasma source parameters for Kr, Gd, and Tb ions at 6.6 nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There is increasing interest in extreme-ultraviolet (EUV) laser-based lamps for sub-10-nm lithography operating in the region of 6.6 nm. A collisional-radiative model is developed as a post-processor of a hydrodynamic code to investigate emission from resonance lines in Kr, Gd, and Tb ions under conditions typical for mass-limited EUV sources. The analysis reveals that maximum conversion efficiencies of Kr occur at 5 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 10}W/cm{sup 2}, while for Gd and Tb it was Asymptotically-Equal-To 0.9%/2{pi}sr for laser intensities of (2-5) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 12}W/cm{sup 2}.

Masnavi, Majid; Szilagyi, John; Parchamy, Homaira; Richardson, Martin C. [The Townes Laser Institute, College of Optics and Photonics, University of Central Florida, 4000 Central Florida Blvd., Orlando, Florida 32816 (United States)] [The Townes Laser Institute, College of Optics and Photonics, University of Central Florida, 4000 Central Florida Blvd., Orlando, Florida 32816 (United States)

2013-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

263

Faraday and Cotton-Mouton Effects of Helium at $\\lambda = 1064$ nm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present measurements of the Faraday and the Cotton-Mouton effects of helium gas at $\\lambda =~1064$\\,nm. Our apparatus is based on an up-to-date resonant optical cavity coupled to longitudinal and transverse magnetic fields. This cavity increases the signal to be measured by more than a factor of 270\\,000 compared to the one acquired after a single path of light in the magnetic field region. We have reached a precision of a few percent both for Faraday effect and Cotton-Mouton effect. Our measurements give for the first time the experimental value of the Faraday effect at $\\lambda$=\\,1064\\,nm. This value is compatible with the theoretical prediction. Concerning Cotton-Mouton effect, our measurement is the second reported experimental value at this wavelength, and the first to agree at better than 1$\\sigma$ with theoretical predictions.

Cadne, Agathe; Berceau, Paul; Fouch, Mathilde; Battesti, Remy; Rizzo, Carlo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Investigation of a Polarization Controller in Titanium Diffused Lithium Niobate Waveguide near 1530 nm Wavelength  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INVESTIGATION OF A POLARIZATION CONTROLLER IN TITANIUM DIFFUSED LITHIUM NIOBATE WAVEGUIDE NEAR 1530 NM WAVELENGTH A Dissertation by WON JU SUNG Submitted to the Office of Graduate and Professional Studies of Texas A&M University... systems are being commercialized [1-3], and efforts for 400G modulators are being pursued [1, 4]. Various materials have been explored for high speed devices need [5, 6], and lithium niobate remains the most attractive choice currently [7]. Fiber...

Sung, Won Ju

2013-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

265

Rearrangement of a phosphosilicate glass network induced by the 193-nm radiation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The IR absorption and Raman spectra of phosphosilicate glass (PSG) are measured during its exposure to radiation at a wavelength of 193 nm. The obtained data demonstrate the complicated rearrangement dynamics of the glass network around phosphor atoms and of the glass network as a whole. The experimental dependences are explained by the model of the PSG network based on the concepts of the theory of rigidity percolation. (interaction of laser radiation with matter)

Larionov, Yu V [A. M. Prokhorov General Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation); Sokolov, V O; Plotnichenko, V G [Fiber Optics Research Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2008-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

266

DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Palo Duro Homes, Albuquerque, NM |  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Deliciouscritical_materials_workshop_presentations.pdf MoreProgramofContract atInc., Sagaponack,|NM, Production

267

THE c2d SPITZER SPECTROSCOPIC SURVEY OF ICES AROUND LOW-MASS YOUNG STELLAR OBJECTS. IV. NH{sub 3} AND CH{sub 3}OH  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

NH{sub 3} and CH{sub 3}OH are key molecules in astrochemical networks leading to the formation of more complex N- and O-bearing molecules, such as CH{sub 3}CN and CH{sub 3}OCH{sub 3}. Despite a number of recent studies, little is known about their abundances in the solid state. This is particularly the case for low-mass protostars, for which only the launch of the Spitzer Space Telescope has permitted high-sensitivity observations of the ices around these objects. In this work, we investigate the {approx}8-10 {mu}m region in the Spitzer IRS (InfraRed Spectrograph) spectra of 41 low-mass young stellar objects (YSOs). These data are part of a survey of interstellar ices in a sample of low-mass YSOs studied in earlier papers in this series. We used both an empirical and a local continuum method to correct for the contribution from the 10 {mu}m silicate absorption in the recorded spectra. In addition, we conducted a systematic laboratory study of NH{sub 3}- and CH{sub 3}OH-containing ices to help interpret the astronomical spectra. We clearly detect a feature at {approx}9 {mu}m in 24 low-mass YSOs. Within the uncertainty in continuum determination, we identify this feature with the NH{sub 3} {nu}{sub 2} umbrella mode and derive abundances with respect to water between {approx}2% and 15%. Simultaneously, we also revisited the case of CH{sub 3}OH ice by studying the {nu}{sub 4} C-O stretch mode of this molecule at {approx}9.7 {mu}m in 16 objects, yielding abundances consistent with those derived by Boogert et al. based on a simultaneous 9.75 and 3.53 {mu}m data analysis. Our study indicates that NH{sub 3} is present primarily in H{sub 2}O-rich ices, but that in some cases, such ices are insufficient to explain the observed narrow FWHM. The laboratory data point to CH{sub 3}OH being in an almost pure methanol ice, or mixed mainly with CO or CO{sub 2}, consistent with its formation through hydrogenation on grains. Finally, we use our derived NH{sub 3} abundances in combination with previously published abundances of other solid N-bearing species to find that up to 10%-20% of nitrogen is locked up in known ices.

Bottinelli, Sandrine; Van Dishoeck, Ewine F.; Lahuis, Fred [Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, P.O. Box 9513, NL 2300 RA Leiden (Netherlands); Boogert, A. C. Adwin [IPAC, NASA Herschel Science Center, Mail Code 100-22, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Bouwman, Jordy; Beckwith, Martha; Oeberg, Karin I.; Linnartz, Harold [Raymond and Beverly Sackler Laboratory for Astrophysics, Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, P.O. Box 9513, NL 2300 RA Leiden (Netherlands); Pontoppidan, Klaus M.; Blake, Geoffrey A. [California Institute of Technology, Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Evans, Neal J., E-mail: sandrine.bottinelli@cesr.f [Department of Astronomy, University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station C1400, Austin, TX 78712-0259 (United States)

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

This book describes the responsibilities of show personnel and outlines the job descriptions of various positions for the NH 4-H State Horse Show (or any other 4-H horse show).  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of various positions for the NH 4-H State Horse Show (or any other 4-H horse show). June 2013 #12;Table of Contents Organizing a 4-H Horse Show ........................................................................................... 1 State 4-H Horse Show Philosophy................................................................ 1

New Hampshire, University of

269

Highly efficient Nd:YVO4 laser by direct in-band diode pumping at 914 nm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Highly efficient Nd:YVO4 laser by direct in-band diode pumping at 914 nm Damien Sangla,1,2 Marc (Doc. ID 109884); published July 9, 2009 A Nd:YVO4 crystal was pumped directly into the emitting level nm for an absorbed pump power of 14.6 W, corresponding to an optical efficiency of 78.7%. We

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

270

785 nm Raman Spectroscopy of CVD Diamond Films Paul William May, James A Smith, and Keith N Rosser  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Here, we report that when using 785 nm excitation, the Raman spectra from thin polycrystalline diamond785 nm Raman Spectroscopy of CVD Diamond Films Paul William May, James A Smith, and Keith N Rosser Raman spectroscopy is a powerful technique often used to study CVD diamond films, however, very little

Bristol, University of

271

785 nm Raman spectroscopy of CVD diamond films P.W. May , J.A. Smith, K.N. Rosser  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

using 785 nm excitation with 1 m spot size, the Raman spectra from thin polycrystalline diamond films785 nm Raman spectroscopy of CVD diamond films P.W. May , J.A. Smith, K.N. Rosser School is a powerful technique often used to study CVD diamond films, however, very little work has been reported

Bristol, University of

272

Experimental scaling law for mass ablation rate from a Sn plasma generated by a 1064 nm laser  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. INTRODUCTION Laser produced Sn plasma, in its role as an efficient extreme ultraviolet EUV x-ray sourceExperimental scaling law for mass ablation rate from a Sn plasma generated by a 1064 nm laser depth in planar Sn targets irradiated with a pulsed 1064 nm laser was investigated over laser

Najmabadi, Farrokh

273

Damage threshold of inorganic solids under free-electron-laser irradiation at 32.5 nm wavelength  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the optical components required to utilize XFEL beams, including radiation damage. Theoretical workDamage threshold of inorganic solids under free-electron-laser irradiation at 32.5 nm wavelength SC were exposed to single 25 fs long pulses of 32.5 nm free-electron-laser radiation at fluences of up

von der Linde, D.

274

Table 2 -Lime use and practices on Corn, major producing states, 2001 CO GA IL IN IA KS KY MI MN MO NE NY NC ND OH PA SD TX WI Area  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Table 2 - Lime use and practices on Corn, major producing states, 2001 CO GA IL IN IA KS KY MI MN.7 Table 2 - Lime use and practices on Corn, major producing states, 2000 CO IL IN IA KS KY MI MN MO NE NY use and practices on Corn, major producing states, 1999 CO IL IN IA KS KY MI MN MO NE NC OH SD TX WI

Kammen, Daniel M.

275

Extreme ultraviolet source at 6.7 nm based on a low-density plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate an efficient extreme ultraviolet (EUV) source for operation at {lambda} = 6.7 nm by optimizing the optical thickness of gadolinium (Gd) plasmas. Using low initial density Gd targets and dual laser pulse irradiation, we observed a maximum EUV conversion efficiency (CE) of 0.54% for 0.6% bandwidth (BW) (1.8% for 2% BW), which is 1.6 times larger than the 0.33% (0.6% BW) CE produced from a solid density target. Enhancement of the EUV CE by use of a low-density plasma is attributed to the reduction of self-absorption effects.

Higashiguchi, Takeshi; Yugami, Noboru [Department of Advanced Interdisciplinary Sciences, Center for Optical Research and Education (CORE), and Optical Technology Innovation Center (OpTIC), Utsunomiya University, Yoto 7-1-2, Utsunomiya, Tochigi 321-8585 (Japan); Japan Science and Technology Agency, CREST, 4-1-8 Honcho, Kanagawa, Saitama 332-0012 (Japan); Otsuka, Takamitsu [Department of Advanced Interdisciplinary Sciences, Center for Optical Research and Education (CORE), and Optical Technology Innovation Center (OpTIC), Utsunomiya University, Yoto 7-1-2, Utsunomiya, Tochigi 321-8585 (Japan); Jiang, Weihua [Department of Electrical Engineering, Nagaoka University of Technology, Kami-tomiokamachi 1603-1, Nagaoka, Niigata 940-2188 (Japan); Endo, Akira [Research Institute for Science and Engineering, Waseda University, Okubo 3-4-1, Shinjuku, Tokyo 169-8555 (Japan); Li Bowen; Kilbane, Deirdre; Dunne, Padraig; O'Sullivan, Gerry [School of Physics, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland)

2011-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

276

Light trapping in a 30-nm organic photovoltaic cell for efficient carrier collection and light absorption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe surface patterning strategies that permit high photon-collection efficiency together with high carrier-collection efficiency in an ultra-thin planar heterojunction organic photovoltaic cell. Optimized designs reach up to 50% photon collection efficiency in a P3HT layer of only 30 nm, representing a 3- to 5-fold improvement over an unpatterned cell of the same thickness. We compare the enhancement of light confinement in the active layer with an ITO top layer for TE and TM polarized light, and demonstrate that the light absorption can increase by a factor of 2 due to a gap-plasmon mode in the active layer.

Tsai, Cheng-Chia; Banerjee, Ashish; Osgood, Richard M; Englund, Dirk

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Corrosion-resistant multilayer coatings for the 28-75 nm wavelength region  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Corrosion has prevented use of SiC/Mg multilayers in applications requiring good lifetime stability. We have developed Al-based barrier layers that dramatically reduce corrosion, while preserving high reflectance and low stress. The aforementioned advances may enable the implementation of corrosion-resistant, high-performance SiC/Mg coatings in the 28-75 nm region in applications such as tabletop EUV/soft x-ray laser sources and solar physics telescopes. Further study and optimization of corrosion barrier structures and coating designs is underway.

Soufli, R; Fernandez-Perea, M; Al, E T

2011-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

278

Bulk and surface laser damage of silica by picosecond and nanosecond pulses at 1064 nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We measured bulk and surface dielectric breakdown thresholds of pure silica for 14 ps and 8 ns pulses of 1064 nm light. The thresholds are sharp and reproducible. For the 8 ns pulses the bulk threshold irradiance is 4.75 {+-} 0.25 kW/{mu}m{sup 2}. The threshold is approximately three times higher for 14 ps pulses. For 8 ns pulses the input surface damage threshold can be made equal to the bulk threshold by applying an alumina or silica surface polish.

Smith, Arlee V.; Do, Binh T

2008-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

279

1-nm-thick graphene tri-layer as the ultimate copper diffusion barrier  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate the thinnest ever reported Cu diffusion barrier, a 1-nm-thick graphene tri-layer. X-ray diffraction patterns and Raman spectra show that the graphene is thermally stable at up to 750?C against Cu diffusion. Transmission electron microscopy images show that there was no inter-diffusion in the Cu/graphene/Si structure. Raman analyses indicate that the graphene may have degraded into a nanocrystalline structure at 750?C. At 800?C, the perfect carbon structure was damaged, and thus the barrier failed. The results of this study suggest that graphene could be the ultimate Cu interconnect diffusion barrier.

Nguyen, Ba-Son [Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, 1 University Road, Tainan 701, Taiwan (China); Lin, Jen-Fin [Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, 1 University Road, Tainan 701, Taiwan (China); Center for Micro/Nano Science and Technology, National Cheng Kung University, 1 University Road, Tainan 701, Taiwan (China); Perng, Dung-Ching, E-mail: dcperng@ee.ncku.edu.tw [Institute of Microelectronics and Electrical Engineering Department, National Cheng Kung University, 1 University Road, Tainan 701, Taiwan (China); Center for Micro/Nano Science and Technology, National Cheng Kung University, 1 University Road, Tainan 701, Taiwan (China)

2014-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

280

DOE Zero Energy Ready Home Case Study: Palo Duro Homes, Albuquerque, NM |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists'Montana. DOCUMENTSof EnergyAlliance |DepartmentSystems Home |May,NM, Production

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nh nm nc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Direct Patterning of CdSe Quantum Dots into Sub-100 nm Structures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ordered, two-dimensional cadmium selenide (CdSe) arrays have been fabricated on indium-doped tin oxide (ITO) electrodes using the pattern replication in nonwetting templates (PRINT) process. CdSe quantum dots (QDs) with an average diameter of 2.7 nm and a pyridine surface ligand were used for patterning. The PRINT technique utilizes a perfluoropolyether (PFPE) elastomeric mold that is tolerant of most organic solvents, thus allowing solutions of CdSe QDs in 4-picoline to be used for patterning without significant deformation of the mold. Nanometer-scale diffraction gratings have been successfully replicated with CdSe QDs.

Hampton, Meredith J.; Templeton, Joseph L.; DeSimone, Joseph M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

NM Stat. 62-9 - The Utility Franchise | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 -Energieprojekte3 ClimateSpurrInformation NAMA-ProgrammeNF EnergyNM Stat. 62-9 -

283

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Project Gas Buggy Site - NM 14  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofof EnergyYou are herePAOsborne Co -0-19Gas Buggy Site - NM 14

284

File:USDA-CE-Production-GIFmaps-NM.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublicIDAPowerPlantSitingConstruction.pdfNotify98.pdf Jump to: navigation,storage planIL.pdf JumpMN.pdfND.pdfNM.pdf

285

Regulatory Safety Issues in the Structural Design Criteria of ASME Section III Subsection NH and for Very High Temperatures for VHTR & GEN IV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this task is to identify issues relevant to ASME Section III, Subsection NH [1], and related Code Cases that must be resolved for licensing purposes for VHTGRs (Very High Temperature Gas Reactor concepts such as those of PBMR, Areva, and GA); and to identify the material models, design criteria, and analysis methods that need to be added to the ASME Code to cover the unresolved safety issues. Subsection NH was originally developed to provide structural design criteria and limits for elevated-temperature design of Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor (LMFBR) systems and some gas-cooled systems. The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and its Advisory Committee for Reactor Safeguards (ACRS) reviewed the design limits and procedures in the process of reviewing the Clinch River Breeder Reactor (CRBR) for a construction permit in the late 1970s and early 1980s, and identified issues that needed resolution. In the years since then, the NRC and various contractors have evaluated the applicability of the ASME Code and Code Cases to high-temperature reactor designs such as the VHTGRs, and identified issues that need to be resolved to provide a regulatory basis for licensing. This Report describes: (1) NRC and ACRS safety concerns raised during the licensing process of CRBR , (2) how some of these issues are addressed by the current Subsection NH of the ASME Code; and (3) the material models, design criteria, and analysis methods that need to be added to the ASME Code and Code Cases to cover unresolved regulatory issues for very high temperature service.

William J. ODonnell; Donald S. Griffin

2007-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

286

Effects of gaseous NH{sub 3} and SO{sub 2} on the concentration profiles of PCDD/F in flyash under post-combustion zone conditions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Influence of NH{sub 3} and SO{sub 2} on 2378-PCDD/F in flyash and flue gases was investigated. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer NH{sub 3} decreased the concentration of PCDD and PCDF by 34-75% in the flyash. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer NH{sub 3} decreased the concentration of PCDD and PCDF by 21-40% from the flue gases. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer SO{sub 2} led to 99% PCDD and 93% PCDF reductions in the flyash. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer SO{sub 2} led to 89% PCDD and 76% PCDF reductions in the flue gases. - Abstract: The influence of gaseous ammonia and sulphur dioxide on the formation of 2378-substituted PCDD/F on a reference flyash from a municipal waste incinerator has been investigated using a laboratory scale fixed-bed reactor. The reference flyash samples (BCR-490) was reacted under a simulated flue gas stream at temperatures of 225 and 375 Degree-Sign C for 96 h. The experiments were carried out in two series: first with simulated flue gas alone, and then with injection of NH{sub 3} or SO{sub 2} gas into the flue gas just before the reactor inlet. It was found that the injection of gaseous ammonia into the flue gas could decrease the concentration of both PCDD and PCDF by 34-75% from the solid phase and by 21-40% from the gas phase. Converting the results to I-TEQ values, it could reduce the total I-TEQ values of PCDD and PCDF in the sum of the flyash and exhaust flue gas by 42-75% and 24-57% respectively. The application of SO{sub 2} led to 99% and 93% reductions in the PCDD and PCDF average congener concentrations, respectively in the solid phase. In the gas phase, the total reductions were 89% and 76% for PCDD and PCDF, respectively. Moreover, addition of SO{sub 2} reduced the total I-TEQ value of PCDD and PCDF in the flyash and exhaust flue gas together by 60-86% and 72-82% respectively. Sulphur dioxide was more effective than ammonia in suppressing PCDD/F formation in flyash under the conditions investigated.

Hajizadeh, Yaghoub; Onwudili, Jude A. [Energy Research Institute, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT (United Kingdom); Williams, Paul T., E-mail: p.t.williams@leeds.ac.uk [Energy Research Institute, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT (United Kingdom)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

287

Frequency stabilization of an InGaAsP distributed feedback laser to an NH/sub 3/ absorption line at 15137 A with an external frequency modulator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The oscillation frequency of a 1.5-..mu..m InGaAsP distributed feedback laser is stabilized to an NH/sub 3/ linear absorption line at 15137 A. A LiNbO/sub 3/ external frequency modulator is used instead of direct frequency modulation of the laser to extract error signals. An effective bandwidth of 100 kHz for the feedback loop is obtained through this external modulation scheme. Frequency stability of sigma(2,tau) = 4 x 10/sup -11/ is achieved for an averaging time of 1 s< or =tau< or =100 s.

Yanagawa, T.; Saito, S.; Machida, S.; Yamamoto, Y.; Noguchi, Y.

1985-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

288

Synthesis and Evaluation of Cu/SAPO-34 Catalysts for NH3-SCR 2: Solid-state Ion Exchange and One-pot Synthesis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cu-SAPO-34 catalysts are synthesized using two methods: solid-state ion exchange (SSIE) and one-pot synthesis. SSIE is conducted by calcining SAPO-34/CuO mixtures at elevated temperatures. For the one-pot synthesis method, Cu-containing chemicals (CuO and CuSO4) are added during gel preparation. A high-temperature calcination step is also needed for this method. Catalysts are characterized with surface area/pore volume measurements, temperature programmed reduction (TPR), electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopies, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Catalytic properties are examined using standard ammonia selective catalytic reduction (NH3-SCR) and ammonia oxidation reactions. In Cu-SAPO-34 samples formed using SSIE, Cu presents both as isolated Cu2+ ions and unreacted CuO. The former is highly active and selective in NH3-SCR, while the latter catalyzes a side reaction; notably, the non-selective oxidation of NH3 above 350 C. Using the one-pot method followed by a high-temperature aging treatment, it is possible to form Cu SAPO-34 samples with predominately isolated Cu2+ ions at low Cu loadings. However at much higher Cu loadings, isolated Cu2+ ions that bind weakly with the CHA framework and CuO clusters also form. These Cu moieties are very active in catalyzing non-selective NH3 oxidation above 350 C. Low-temperature reaction kinetics indicate that Cu-SAPO-34 samples formed using SSIE have core-shell structures where Cu is enriched in the shell layers; while Cu is more evenly distributed within the one-pot samples. Reaction kinetics also suggest that at low temperatures, the local environment next to Cu2+ ion centers plays little role on the overall catalytic properties. The authors gratefully acknowledge the US Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Vehicle Technologies Office for the support of this work. The research described in this paper was performed at the Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL), a national scientific user facility sponsored by the DOEs Office of Biological and Environmental Research and located at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). PNNL is operated for the US DOE by Battelle under contract number DE-AC05-76RL01830. The authors also thank Shari Li (PNNL) for surface area/pore volume measurements, and Bruce W. Arey (PNNL) for SEM measurements. Discussions with Drs. A. Yezerets, K. Kamasamudram, J.H. Li, N. Currier and J.Y. Luo from Cummins, Inc. and H.Y. Chen and H. Hess from Johnson-Matthey are greatly appreciated.

Gao, Feng; Walter, Eric D.; Washton, Nancy M.; Szanyi, Janos; Peden, Charles HF

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Gapless Spin Liquid Ground State in the S 1=2 Vanadium Oxyfluoride Kagome Antiferromagnet NH42C7H14NV7O6F18  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

7H14N½V7O6F18 L. Clark,1 J. C. Orain,2 F. Bert,2 M. A. De Vries,1 F. H. Aidoudi,3 R. E. Morris,3 P, France (Received 12 February 2013; published 16 May 2013) The vanadium oxyfluoride ½NH42½C7H14N½V7O6F1842½C7H14N½V7O6F18 [dia- mmonium quinuclidinium vanadium(III,IV) oxyfluoride; DQVOF] [15

Paris-Sud 11, Université de

290

Critical properties at the field-induced Bose-Einstein condensation on NiCl2-4SC(NH2)2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report new magnetization measurements on the spin-gap compound NiCl{sub 2}-4SC(NH{sub 2}){sub 2} at the low-field boundary of the magnetic field induced ordering. The critical density of the magnetization is analyzed in terms of a Bose-Einstein condensation (BEC) of bosonic quasiparticles. The analysis of the magnetization at the transition leads to the conclusion for the preservation of the U(1) symmetry, as required for BEC. The experimental data are well described by quantum Monte Carlo simulations.

Sengupta, Pinaki [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Al-hassenieh, Khaled A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Jaime, Macelo [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Paduan-filho, Armando [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Study on the oxidation and reduction of tungsten surface for sub-50 nm patterning process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The oxidation characteristics of tungsten line pattern during the carbon-based mask-layer removal process using oxygen plasmas have been investigated for sub-50 nm patterning processes, in addition to the reduction characteristics of the WO{sub x} layer formed on the tungsten line surface using hydrogen plasmas. The surface oxidation of tungsten lines during the mask layer removal process could be minimized by using low-temperature (300 K) plasma processing for the removal of the carbon-based material. Using this technique, the thickness of WO{sub x} on the tungsten line could be decreased to 25% compared to results from high-temperature processing. The WO{sub x} layer could also be completely removed at a low temperature of 300 K using a hydrogen plasma by supplying bias power to the tungsten substrate to provide a activation energy for the reduction. When this oxidation and reduction technique was applied to actual 40-nm-CD device processing, the complete removal of WO{sub x} formed on the sidewall of tungsten line could be observed.

Kim, Jong Kyu; Nam, Seok Woo; Cho, Sung Il; Jhon, Myung S.; Min, Kyung Suk; Kim, Chan Kyu; Jung, Ho Bum; Yeom, Geun Young [Memory Division Semiconductor Business, Samsung Electronics, San No. 16 Banwol-Ri, Taean-Eup, Hwasung-City, Gyeonggi-Do 449-711, South Korea and Department of Advanced Materials Science and Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon, Gyeonggi-do 440-746 (Korea, Republic of); Memory Division Semiconductor Business, Samsung Electronics, San No. 16 Banwol-Ri, Taean-Eup, Hwasung-City, Gyeonggi-Do 449-711 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Chemical Engineering and Data Storage Systems Center, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States); Department of Advanced Materials Science and Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon, Gyeonggi-do 440-746 (Korea, Republic of)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

292

Nonlinear bleaching, absorption, and scattering of 532-nm-irradiated plasmonic nanoparticles  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Single-pulse irradiation of Au and Ag suspensions of nanospheres and nanodisks with 532-nm 4-ns pulses has identified complex optical nonlinearities while minimizing material damage. For all materials tested, we observe competition between saturable absorption (SA) and reverse SA (RSA), with RSA behavior dominating for intensities above {approx}50 MW/cm{sup 2}. Due to reduced laser damage in single-pulse experiments, the observed intrinsic nonlinear absorption coefficients are the highest reported to date for Au nanoparticles. We find size dependence to the nonlinear absorption enhancement for Au nanoparticles, peaking in magnitude for 80-nm nanospheres and falling off at larger sizes. The nonlinear absorption coefficients for Au and Ag spheres are comparable in magnitude. On the other hand, the nonlinear absorption for Ag disks, when corrected for volume fraction, is several times higher. These trends in nonlinear absorption are correlated to local electric field enhancement through quasi-static mean-field theory. Through variable size aperture measurements, we also separate nonlinear scattering from nonlinear absorption. For all materials tested, we find that nonlinear scattering is highly directional and that its magnitude is comparable to that of nonlinear absorption. These results indicate methods to improve the efficacy of plasmonic nanoparticles as optical limiters in pulsed laser systems.

Liberman, V.; Sworin, M.; Kingsborough, R. P.; Geurtsen, G. P.; Rothschild, M. [Lincoln Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 244 Wood Street, Lexington, Massachusetts 02420 (United States)

2013-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

293

Vapor-liquid equilibria in the system NH{sub 3} + H{sub 2}O + LiBr. 2: Data correlation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The systems ammonia + water (NH{sub 3} + H{sub 2}O) and water + lithium bromide (H{sub 2}O + LiBr) provide two working pairs most often used today in air-conditioning systems and systems for reusing industrial waste heat, such as absorption heat pumps and heat transformers. A quasi-chemical reaction model has been developed to correlate vapor-liquid equilibrium data for the system ammonia (NH{sub 3}) + water (H{sub 2}O) + lithium bromide (LiBr) in the temperature range form 303.15 to 473.15 K and at pressures up to 2.0 MPa. this model assumes the formation of ion clusters, i.e., Li{sup +} and Br{sup {minus}} ions surrounded by ammonia and water molecules. Further, ammonia nd water molecules are assumed to form a second species of complexes. The activities of the various components in the liquid phase are modeled by the NRTL equation. The vapor phase, assumed to consist of ammonia and water only, is modeled by the equation of state of Ishikawa, Chung, and Lu.

Peters, R.; Korinth, C.; Keller, J.U. [Univ. of Siegen (Germany). Institute Fluid- and Thermodynamics

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

ESR NC-07-2011  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to "suit up" - i.e. put on a clean room coverall, a head covering, shoe covers and boots and nitrile gloves at all times. The proper procedure for clean room gowning is...

295

UNC Tomorrow: NC State Response  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for Excellence in STEM Education 43 4.4 Our Communities and Economic Transformation Building a Premier College Sustainable and Healthy Food Supply 59 Health, Well-being, and Safety Programs for North Carolinians 61 Sustainable Campus 69 Healthy Built Environment 71 Academy for the Environment 73 4.7 Our University

296

NC State and Health PAC's  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

your first year at NCSU Interested in Medical School, Dental School or another Health Care Graduate science major is not required to apply to any type of health care graduate program, many of our students was designed with health care graduate programs of all types in mind. Students not only meet all the core

Langerhans, Brian

297

Chemical Engineering NC State University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

*** Christopher Scott Brownfield1** Willard Mills Salley1** Veronica Nicole Brumbaugh Jennifer Amanda Schaefer

Velev, Orlin D.

298

Final report on LDRD project : single-photon-sensitive imaging detector arrays at 1600 nm.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The key need that this project has addressed is a short-wave infrared light detector for ranging (LIDAR) imaging at temperatures greater than 100K, as desired by nonproliferation and work for other customers. Several novel device structures to improve avalanche photodiodes (APDs) were fabricated to achieve the desired APD performance. A primary challenge to achieving high sensitivity APDs at 1550 nm is that the small band-gap materials (e.g., InGaAs or Ge) necessary to detect low-energy photons exhibit higher dark counts and higher multiplication noise compared to materials like silicon. To overcome these historical problems APDs were designed and fabricated using separate absorption and multiplication (SAM) regions. The absorption regions used (InGaAs or Ge) to leverage these materials 1550 nm sensitivity. Geiger mode detection was chosen to circumvent gain noise issues in the III-V and Ge multiplication regions, while a novel Ge/Si device was built to examine the utility of transferring photoelectrons in a silicon multiplication region. Silicon is known to have very good analog and GM multiplication properties. The proposed devices represented a high-risk for high-reward approach. Therefore one primary goal of this work was to experimentally resolve uncertainty about the novel APD structures. This work specifically examined three different designs. An InGaAs/InAlAs Geiger mode (GM) structure was proposed for the superior multiplication properties of the InAlAs. The hypothesis to be tested in this structure was whether InAlAs really presented an advantage in GM. A Ge/Si SAM was proposed representing the best possible multiplication material (i.e., silicon), however, significant uncertainty existed about both the Ge material quality and the ability to transfer photoelectrons across the Ge/Si interface. Finally a third pure germanium GM structure was proposed because bulk germanium has been reported to have better dark count properties. However, significant uncertainty existed about the quantum efficiency at 1550 nm the necessary operating temperature. This project has resulted in several conclusions after fabrication and measurement of the proposed structures. We have successfully demonstrated the Ge/Si proof-of-concept in producing high analog gain in a silicon region while absorbing in a Ge region. This has included significant Ge processing infrastructure development at Sandia. However, sensitivity is limited at low temperatures due to high dark currents that we ascribe to tunneling. This leaves remaining uncertainty about whether this structure can achieve the desired performance with further development. GM detection in InGaAs/InAlAs, Ge/Si, Si and pure Ge devices fabricated at Sandia was shown to overcome gain noise challenges, which represents critical learning that will enable Sandia to respond to future single photon detection needs. However, challenges to the operation of these devices in GM remain. The InAlAs multiplication region was not found to be significantly superior to current InP regions for GM, however, improved multiplication region design of InGaAs/InP APDs has been highlighted. For Ge GM detectors it still remains unclear whether an optimal trade-off of parameters can achieve the necessary sensitivity at 1550 nm. To further examine these remaining questions, as well as other application spaces for these technologies, funding for an Intelligence Community post-doc was awarded this year.

Childs, Kenton David; Serkland, Darwin Keith; Geib, Kent Martin; Hawkins, Samuel D.; Carroll, Malcolm S.; Klem, John Frederick; Sheng, Josephine Juin-Jye; Patel, Rupal K.; Bolles, Desta; Bauer, Tom M.; Koudelka, Robert

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Nanofiltration of Electrolyte Solutions by Sub-2nm Carbon Nanotube Membranes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Both MD simulations and experimental studies have shown that liquid and gas flow through carbon nanotubes with nanometer size diameter is exceptionally fast. For applications in separation technology, selectivity is required together with fast flow. In this work, we use pressure-driven filtration experiments to study ion exclusion in silicon nitride/sub-2-nm CNT composite membranes as a function of solution ionic strength, pH, and ion valence. We show that carbon nanotube membranes exhibit significant ion exclusion at low salt concentration. Our results support a rejection mechanism dominated by electrostatic interactions between fixed membrane charges and mobile ions, while steric and hydrodynamic effects appear to be less important. Comparison with commercial nanofiltration membranes for water softening reveals that our carbon nanotube membranes provides far superior water fluxes for similar ion rejection capabilities.

Fornasiero, F; Park, H G; Holt, J K; Stadermann, M; Kim, S; In, J B; Grigoropoulos, C P; Noy, A; Bakajin, O

2008-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

300

Pedestrian and traffic safety in parking lots at SNL/NM : audit background report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report supplements audit 2008-E-0009, conducted by the ES&H, Quality, Safeguards & Security Audits Department, 12870, during fall and winter of FY 2008. The study evaluates slips, trips and falls, the leading cause of reportable injuries at Sandia. In 2007, almost half of over 100 of such incidents occurred in parking lots. During the course of the audit, over 5000 observations were collected in 10 parking lots across SNL/NM. Based on benchmarks and trends of pedestrian behavior, the report proposes pedestrian-friendly features and attributes to improve pedestrian safety in parking lots. Less safe pedestrian behavior is associated with older parking lots lacking pedestrian-friendly features and attributes, like those for buildings 823, 887 and 811. Conversely, safer pedestrian behavior is associated with newer parking lots that have designated walkways, intra-lot walkways and sidewalks. Observations also revealed that motorists are in widespread noncompliance with parking lot speed limits and stop signs and markers.

Sanchez, Paul Ernest

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

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301

Dense wavelength multiplexing of 1550 nm QKD with strong classical channels in reconfigurable networking environments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To move beyond dedicated links and networks, quantum communications signals must be integrated into networks carrying classical optical channels at power levels many orders of magnitude higher than the quantum signals themselves. We demonstrate transmission of a 1550-nm quantum channel with up to two simultaneous 200-GHz spaced classical telecom channels, using ROADM (reconfigurable optical <1dd drop multiplexer) technology for multiplexing and routing quantum and classical signals. The quantum channel is used to perform quantum key distribution (QKD) in the presence of noise generated as a by-product of the co-propagation of classical channels. We demonstrate that the dominant noise mechanism can arise from either four-wave mixing or spontaneous Raman scattering, depending on the optical path characteristics as well <1S the classical channel parameters. We quantity these impairments and discuss mitigation strategies.

Rosenberg, Danna [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Peterson, Charles G [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dallmann, Nicholas [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hughes, Richard J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mccabe, Kevin P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Nordholt, Jane E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tyagi, Hush T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Peters, Nicholas A [TELCORDIA TECHNOLOGIES; Toliver, Paul [TELCORDIA TECHNOLOGIES; Chapman, Thomas E [TELCORDIA TECHNOLOGIES; Runser, Robert J [TELCORDIA TECHNOLOGIES; Mcnown, Scott R [TELCORDIA TECHNOLOGIES

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Time and spectrum-resolving multiphoton correlator for 300900?nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We demonstrate a single-photon sensitive spectrometer in the visible range, which allows us to perform time-resolved and multi-photon spectral correlation measurements at room temperature. It is based on a monochromator composed of two gratings, collimation optics, and an array of single photon avalanche diodes. The time resolution can reach 110 ps and the spectral resolution is 2?nm/pixel, limited by the design of the monochromator. This technique can easily be combined with commercial monochromators and can be useful for joint spectrum measurements of two photons emitted in the process of parametric down conversion, as well as time-resolved spectrum measurements in optical coherence tomography or medical physics applications.

Johnsen, Kelsey D.; Thibault, Marilyne; Jennewein, Thomas [Institute for Quantum Computing and Department for Physics and Astronomy, University of Waterloo, 200 University Ave. West, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1 (Canada); Kolenderski, Piotr, E-mail: kolenderski@fizyka.umk.pl [Institute for Quantum Computing and Department for Physics and Astronomy, University of Waterloo, 200 University Ave. West, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1 (Canada); Faculty of Physics, Astronomy and Informatics, Institute of Physics, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Grudziadzka 5, 87-100 Torun (Poland); Scarcella, Carmelo; Tosi, Alberto [Dipartimento di Elettronica, Informazione e Bioingegneria, Politecnico di Milano, Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32, I-20133 Milano (Italy)

2014-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

303

High-order harmonic generation in atomic hydrogen at 248 nm: Dipole-moment versus acceleration spectrum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a study of the high-order harmonic-generation (HG) spectra of atomic hydrogen at 248 nm based on the Fourier transform of the expectation values of the induced dipole moment and acceleration. The calculations ...

Jiang, Tsin-Fu; Chu, Shih-I

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Nanosecond-laser-induced damage in potassium titanyl phosphate: pure 532 nm pumping and frequency conversion situations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nanosecond-laser-induced damage measurements in the bulk of KTiOPO{sub 4} (KTP) crystals are reported using incident 532 nm light or using incident 1064 nm light, which pumps more or less efficient second harmonic generation. No damage threshold fatigue effect is observed with pure 532 nm irradiation. The damage threshold of Z-polarized light is higher than the one for X- or Y-polarized light. During frequency doubling, the damage threshold was found to be lower than for pure 1064 or 532 nm irradiation. More data to quantify the cooperative damage mechanism were generated by performing fluence ramp experiments with varying conditions and monitoring the conversion efficiency. All damage thresholds plotted against the conversion efficiency align close to a characteristic curve.

Wagner, Frank R.; Hildenbrand, Anne; Natoli, Jean-Yves; Commandre, Mireille

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Ytterbium-doped fibre laser tunable in the range 1017 - 1040 nm with second-harmonic generation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A cladding-pumped ytterbium-doped fibre laser has been tuned to shorter emission wavelengths (from 1040 to 1017 nm). The laser output power obtained has been compared to calculation results. We have studied frequency doubling of the laser in a KTiOPO{sub 4} (KTP) crystal with type II phase matching in the XY plane and demonstrated wavelength tuning in the range 510 - 520 nm. (lasers)

Dontsova, E I; Kablukov, S I; Babin, Sergei A

2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

306

Diode-pumped Nd:YVO4/Yb:S-FAP laser emitting at 985 and 492.5 nm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Diode-pumped Nd:YVO4/Yb:S-FAP laser emitting at 985 and 492.5 nm Marc Castaing,1,2, * François, 2008 For the first time, to the best of our knowledge, Yb:S-FAP crystals have been intracavity pumped by a Nd:YVO4 laser at 914 nm. This original pumping scheme allows efficient laser action on the three

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

307

Efficient 13.5 nm extreme ultraviolet emission from Sn plasma irradiated by a long CO2 laser pulse  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Efficient 13.5 nm extreme ultraviolet emission from Sn plasma irradiated by a long CO2 laser pulse-band 2% bandwidth conversion efficiency CE from a CO2 laser to 13.5 nm extreme ultraviolet EUV light was investigated for Sn plasma. It was found that high in-band CE, 2.6%, is consistently obtained using a CO2 laser

Najmabadi, Farrokh

308

METALLICITIES, DUST, AND MOLECULAR CONTENT OF A QSO-DAMPED Ly{alpha} SYSTEM REACHING log N(H I) = 22: AN ANALOG TO GRB-DLAs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the elemental abundance and H{sub 2} content measurements of a damped Ly{alpha} (DLA) system with an extremely large H I column density, log N(H I) (cm{sup -2}) = 22.0 {+-} 0.10, at z{sub abs} = 3.287 toward the QSO SDSS J081634+144612. We measure column densities of H{sub 2}, C I, C I*, Zn II, Fe II, Cr II, Ni II, and Si II from a high signal-to-noise and high spectral resolution VLT-UVES spectrum. The overall metallicity of the system is [Zn/H] = -1.10 {+-} 0.10 relative to solar. Two molecular hydrogen absorption components are seen at z = 3.28667 and 3.28742 (a velocity separation of Almost-Equal-To 52 km s{sup -1}) in rotational levels up to J = 3. We derive a total H{sub 2} column density of log N(H{sub 2}) (cm{sup -2}) = 18.66 and a mean molecular fraction of f = 2N(H{sub 2})/[2N(H{sub 2}) + N(H I)] = 10{sup -3.04{+-}0.37}, typical of known H{sub 2}-bearing DLA systems. From the observed abundance ratios we conclude that dust is present in the interstellar medium of this galaxy, with an enhanced abundance in the H{sub 2}-bearing clouds. However, the total amount of dust along the line of sight is not large and does not produce any significant reddening of the background QSO. The physical conditions in the H{sub 2}-bearing clouds are constrained directly from the column densities of H{sub 2} in different rotational levels, C I and C I*. The kinetic temperature is found to be T Almost-Equal-To 75 K and the particle density lies in the range n{sub H} = 50-80 cm{sup -3}. The neutral hydrogen column density of this DLA is similar to the mean H I column density of DLAs observed at the redshift of {gamma}-ray bursts (GRBs). We explore the relationship between GRB-DLAs and the high column density end of QSO-DLAs finding that the properties (metallicity and depletion) of DLAs with log N(H I) > 21.5 in the two populations do not appear to be significantly different.

Guimaraes, R. [Programa de Modelagem Computacional-SENAI-Cimatec, 41650-010 Salvador, Bahia (Brazil); Noterdaeme, P.; Petitjean, P. [UPMC-CNRS, UMR7095, Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, 98bis Blvd. Arago, F-75014 Paris (France); Ledoux, C. [European Southern Observatory, Alonso de Cordova 3107, Casilla 19001, Vitacura, Santiago 19 (Chile); Srianand, R.; Rahmani, H. [Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Post Bag 4, Ganeshkhind, Pune 411007 (India); Lopez, S., E-mail: rguimara@eso.org [Departamento de Astronomia, Universidad de Chile, Casilla 36-D, Santiago (Chile)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

309

Electrical Mobility Spectrometer Using a Diethylene Glycol Condensation Particle Counter for Measurement of Aerosol Size Distributions Down to 1 nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report a new scanning mobility particle spectrometer (SMPS) for measuring number size distributions of particles down to {approx}1 nm mobility diameter. This SMPS includes an aerosol charger, a TSI 3085 nano differential mobility analyzer (nanoDMA), an ultrafine condensation particle counter (UCPC) using diethylene glycol (DEG) as the working fluid, and a conventional butanol CPC (the 'booster') to detect the small droplets leaving the DEG UCPC. The response of the DEG UCPC to negatively charged sodium chloride particles with mobility diameters ranging from 1-6 nm was measured. The sensitivity of the DEG UCPC to particle composition was also studied by comparing its response to positively charged 1.47 and 1.70 nm tetra-alkyl ammonium ions, sodium chloride, and silver particles. A high resolution differential mobility analyzer was used to generate the test particles. These results show that the response of this UCPC to sub-2 nm particles is sensitive to particle composition. The applicability of the new SMPS for atmospheric measurement was demonstrated during the Nucleation and Cloud Condensation Nuclei (NCCN) field campaign (Atlanta, Georgia, summer 2009). We operated the instrument at saturator and condenser temperatures that allowed the efficient detection of sodium chloride particles but not of air ions having the same mobility. We found that particles as small as 1 nm were detected during nucleation events but not at other times. Factors affecting size distribution measurements, including aerosol charging in the 1-10 nm size range, are discussed. For the charger used in this study, bipolar charging was found to be more effective for sub-2 nm particles than unipolar charging. No ion induced nucleation inside the charger was observed during the NCCN campaign.

Jiang, J.; Kuang, C.; Chen, M.; Attoui, M.; McMurry, P. H.

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Patient perceptions of 595 nm pulsed dye laser through glass compression in the treatment of thick port wine stains and superficial venous malformations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

23. PubMed 2. Boffa MJ. Pulsed dye laser treatment of thick/Patient perceptions of 595 nm pulsed dye laser through glasswith the 595 nm pulse dye laser, we have sometimes

Klapman, Marvin H; Sosa, Valentina B; Mattson-Gates, Gail F; Baker, Cynthia N; Ong, Victor L; Yao, Janis F

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

595 nm long pulsed dye laser with a hydrocolloid dressing for the treatment of hypergranulation tissue on the scalp in postsurgical defects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and L.H. Goldberg, Pulsed dye laser for the treatment of595 nm long pulsed dye laser with a hydrocolloid dressingtreated with a 595 nm pulsed dye laser and hydrocolloid

Moody, Megan N; Landau, Jennifer M; Goldberg, Leonard H; Marquez, Denise; Vergilis-Kalner, Irene J

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Crystal structure and electric properties of the organicinorganic hybrid: [(CH{sub 2}){sub 6}(NH{sub 3}){sub 2}]ZnCl{sub 4}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The new organic-inorganic hybrid [(CH{sub 2}){sub 6}(NH{sub 3}){sub 2}]ZnCl{sub 4}, M{sub r}=325.406 crystallized in a triclinic, P1, a=7.2816 (5) , b=10.0996 (7) , c=10.0972 (7) , ?=74.368 (4), ?=88.046 (4), ?=85.974 (3), V=713.24 (9) {sup 3} and Z=2, D{sub x}=1.486 Mg m{sup ?3}. Differential thermal scanning and x-ray powder diffraction, permittivity and ac conductivity indicated three phase transitions. Conduction takes place via correlated barrier hopping. - Graphical abstract: Display Omitted.

Mostafa, M.F., E-mail: Mohga40@Yahoo.com; El-khiyami, S.S.

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

313

A Multi-chain Measurements Averaging TDC Implemented in a 40 nm FPGA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A high precision and high resolution time-to-digital converter (TDC) implemented in a 40 nm fabrication process Virtex-6 FPGA is presented in this paper. The multi-chain measurements averaging architecture is used to overcome the resolution limitation determined by intrinsic cell delay of the plain single tapped-delay chain. The resolution and precision are both improved with this architecture. In such a TDC, the input signal is connected to multiple tapped-delay chains simultaneously (the chain number is M), and there is a fixed delay cell between every two adjacent chains. Each tapped-delay chain is just a plain TDC and should generate a TDC time for a hit input signal, so totally M TDC time values should be got for a hit signal. After averaging, the final TDC time is obtained. A TDC with 3 ps resolution (i.e. bin size) and 6.5 ps precision (i.e. RMS) has been implemented using 8 parallel tapped-delay chains. Meanwhile the plain TDC with single tapped-delay chain yields 24 ps resolution and 18 ps precision.

Qi Shen; Shubin Liu; Binxiang Qi; Qi An; Shengkai Liao; Chengzhi Peng; Weiyue Liu

2014-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

314

Stress-induced piezoelectric field in GaN-based 450-nm light-emitting diodes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigated the influence of the built-in piezoelectric field induced by compressive stress on the characteristics of GaN-based 450-nm light-emitting diodes (LEDs) prepared on sapphire substrates of different thicknesses. As the sapphire substrate thickness was reduced, the compressive stress in the GaN layer was released, resulting in wafer bowing. The wafer bowing-induced mechanical stress altered the piezoelectric field, which in turn reduced the quantum confined Stark effect in the InGaN/GaN active region of the LED. The flat-band voltage was estimated by measuring the applied bias voltage that induced a 180 phase shift in the electro-reflectance (ER) spectrum. The piezoelectric field estimated by the ER spectra changed by ?110?kV/cm. The electroluminescence spectral peak wavelength was blue-shifted, and the internal quantum efficiency was improved by about 22% at a high injection current of 100?mA. The LED on the 60-?m-thick sapphire substrate exhibited the highest light output power of ?59?mW at an injection current of 100?mA, with the operating voltage unchanged.

Tawfik, Wael Z. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Chonnam National University, Yongbong 300 Gwangju 500-757 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef 62511 (Egypt); Hyeon, Gil Yong; Lee, June Key, E-mail: junekey@chonnam.ac.kr [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Chonnam National University, Yongbong 300 Gwangju 500-757 (Korea, Republic of)

2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

315

Spectral irradiance model for tungsten halogen lamps in 340-850 nm wavelength range  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have developed a physical model for the spectral irradiance of 1 kW tungsten halogen incandescent lamps for the wavelength range 340-850 nm. The model consists of the Planck's radiation law, published values for the emissivity of tungsten, and a residual spectral correction function taking into account unknown factors of the lamp. The correction function was determined by measuring the spectra of a 1000 W, quartz-halogen, tungsten coiled filament (FEL) lamp at different temperatures. The new model was tested with lamps of types FEL and 1000 W, 120 V quartz halogen (DXW). Comparisons with measurements of two national standards laboratories indicate that the model can account for the spectral irradiance values of lamps with an agreement better than 1% throughout the spectral region studied. We further demonstrate that the spectral irradiance of a lamp can be predicted with an expanded uncertainty of 2.6% if the color temperature and illuminance values for the lamp are known with expanded uncertainties of 20 K and 2%, respectively. In addition, it is suggested that the spectral irradiance may be derived from resistance measurements of the filament with lamp on and off.

Ojanen, Maija; Kaerhae, Petri; Ikonen, Erkki

2010-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

316

UV wavelengths are between 100-400nm They are widely used in the lab for cross-linking, microscopy, germicidal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for photolithography (365nm used primarily) · How to Limit Danger ­ Whenever you switch to use the fluorescent bulb

Cohen, Robert E.

317

Supporting Online Material for H. Yu et al. "Effects of Amines on Formation of Sub-3 nm Particles and their Subsequent Growth" Table S1. Concentrations of impurity NH3, methylamine, dimethylamine, and trimethylamine in the nucleation system detected by CI  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the fast flow nucleation reactor for different [H2SO4] ranging from 1107 - 4107 cm-3 . (b) Profiles of H2 in the nucleation system detected by CIMS, from possible sources including water vapor, N2 gas vaporized from liquid limit of CIMS. Impurities detected Detection limit (pptv) water vapor (pptv) Liquid Nitrogen gas (pptv

Lee, Shan-Hu

318

Page 312 Courses: Environmental Studies and Planning (ENSP) Sonoma State University 2012-2013 Catalog ENSP 306 ENviroNmENtal EthicS (3)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-2013 Catalog ENSP 306 ENviroNmENtal EthicS (3) An examination of philosophical issues; concepts of extending and Critical Thinking). ENSP 307 ENviroNmENtal hiStory (4) History of the American environment and the ways). ENSP 308 ENviroNmENtal litEraturE (3) A survey of great American environmental books, including H. D

Ravikumar, B.

319

Morphological Stability and Specific Resistivity of sub-10 nm Silicide Films of Ni1 xPtx on Si Substrate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This letter studies the morphological stability and specific resistivity of sub-10 nm silicide films of Ni, Ni{sub 0.95}Pt{sub 0.05}, and Ni{sub 0.9}Pt{sub 0.1} formed on Si(100) substrate. When the deposited metal films are below 1 to 4 nm in thickness depending on the Pt content, the resultant silicide films tend to become epitaxially aligned to the Si substrate and hence exhibit an extraordinary morphological stability up to 800 C. The presence of Pt in the silicides increases the film resistivity through alloy scattering, but alleviates, owing to a reduced electron mean free path, the frequently encountered sharp increase in resistivity in the sub-10 nm regime.

Zhang, Z.; Zhang, S; Yang, B; Zhu, Y; Rossnagel, S; Gaudet, S; Kellock, A; Jordan-Sweet, J; Lavoie, C

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Broadband superluminescent diodes with bell-shaped spectra emitting in the range from 800 to 900 nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Quantum-well superluminescent diodes (SLD) with extremely thin active (AlGa)As and (InGa)As layers and centre wavelengths about 810, 840, 860 and 880 nm are experimentally studied. Their emission spectrum possesses the shape close to Gaussian, its FWHM being 30 60 nm depending on the length of the active channel and the level of pumping. Under cw injection, the output power of light-emitting modules based on such SLDs can amount to 1.0 25 mW at the output of a single-mode fibre. It is demonstrated that the operation lifetime of these devices exceeds 30000 hours. Based on the light-emitting modules the prototypes of combined BroadLighter series light sources are implemented having a bell-shaped spectrum with the width up to 100 nm. (optical radiation sources)

Andreeva, E V; Il'ichenko, S N; Kostin, Yu O; Lapin, P I [Superlum Diodes Ltd., Moscow (Russian Federation); Ladugin, M A; Marmalyuk, A A [Open Joint-Stock Company 'M.F. Stel'makh Polyus Research and Development Institute', Moscow (Russian Federation); Yakubovich, S D [Moscow State Institute of Radio-Engineering, Electronics and Automation (Technical University), Moscow (Russian Federation)

2013-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nh nm nc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Resolving three-dimensional shape of sub-50?nm wide lines with nanometer-scale sensitivity using conventional optical microscopes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We experimentally demonstrate that the three-dimensional (3-D) shape variations of nanometer-scale objects can be resolved and measured with sub-nanometer scale sensitivity using conventional optical microscopes by analyzing 4-D optical data using the through-focus scanning optical microscopy (TSOM) method. These initial results show that TSOM-determined cross-sectional (3-D) shape differences of 30?nm40?nm wide lines agree well with critical-dimension atomic force microscope measurements. The TSOM method showed a linewidth uncertainty of 1.22?nm (k?=?2). Complex optical simulations are not needed for analysis using the TSOM method, making the process simple, economical, fast, and ideally suited for high volume nanomanufacturing process monitoring.

Attota, Ravikiran, E-mail: Ravikiran.attota@nist.gov; Dixson, Ronald G. [Semiconductor and Dimensional Metrology Division, NIST, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 (United States)

2014-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

322

Electron Transport Behavior on Gate Length Scaling in Sub-50 nm GaAs Metal Semiconductor Field Effect Transistors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Short channel GaAs Metal Semiconductor Field Effect Transistors (MESFETs) have been fabricated with gate length to 20 nm, in order to examine the characteristics of sub-50 nm MESFET scaling. Here the rise in the measured transconductance is mainly attributed to electron velocity overshoot. For gate lengths below 40 nm, however, the transconductance drops suddenly. The behavior of velocity overshoot and its degradation is investigated and simulated by using a transport model based on the retarded Langevin equation (RLE). This indicates the existence of a minimum acceleration length needed for the carriers to reach the overshoot velocity. The argument shows that the source resistance must be included as an internal element, or appropriate boundary condition, of relative importance in any model where the gate length is comparable to the inelastic mean free path of the carriers.

Han, Jaeheon [Department of Electronic Engineering, Kangnam University, 111 Gugal-dong, Giheung-gu, Yongin-city, Gyeonggi-do, Korea 446-702 (Korea, Republic of)

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

323

NM WAIDS: A PRODUCED WATER QUALITY AND INFRASTRUCTURE GIS DATABASE FOR NEW MEXICO OIL PRODUCERS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The New Mexico Water and Infrastructure Data System (NM WAIDS) seeks to alleviate a number of produced water-related issues in southeast New Mexico. The project calls for the design and implementation of a Geographical Information System (GIS) and integral tools that will provide operators and regulators with necessary data and useful information to help them make management and regulatory decisions. The major components of this system are: (1) databases on produced water quality, cultural and groundwater data, oil pipeline and infrastructure data, and corrosion information, (2) a web site capable of displaying produced water and infrastructure data in a GIS or accessing some of the data by text-based queries, (3) a fuzzy logic-based, site risk assessment tool that can be used to assess the seriousness of a spill of produced water, and (4) a corrosion management toolkit that will provide operators with data and information on produced waters that will aid them in deciding how to address corrosion issues. The various parts of NM WAIDS will be integrated into a website with a user-friendly interface that will provide access to previously difficult-to-obtain data and information. Primary attention during the first six months of this project has been focused on creating the water quality databases for produced water and surface water, along with collection of corrosion information and building parts of the corrosion toolkit. Work on the project to date includes: (1) Creation of a water quality database for produced water analyses. The database was compiled from a variety of sources and currently has over 4000 entries for southeast New Mexico. (2) Creation of a web-based data entry system for the water quality database. This system allows a user to view, enter, or edit data from a web page rather than having to directly access the database. (3) Creation of a semi-automated data capturing system for use with standard water quality analysis forms. This system improves the accuracy and speed of water quality data entry. (4) Acquisition of ground water data from the New Mexico State Engineer's office, including chloride content and TDS (Total Dissolved Solids) for over 30,000 data points in southeast New Mexico. (5) Creation of a web-based scale prediction tool, again with a web-based interface, that uses two common scaling indices (Stiff-Davis and Oddo-Thomson) to predict the likelihood of scaling. This prediction tool can either run from user input data, or the user can select samples from the water analysis database. (6) Creation of depth-to-groundwater maps for the study area. (7) Analysis of water quality data by formation. (8) Continuation of efforts to collect produced water quality information from operators in the southeast New Mexico area. (9) Qualitative assessment of produced water from various formations regarding corrosivity. (10) Efforts at corrosion education in the region through operator visits. Future work on this project will include: (11) Development of an integrated web and GIS interface for all the information collected in this effort. (12) Continued development of a fuzzy logic spill risk assessment tool that was initially developed prior to this project. Improvements will include addition of parameters found to be significant in determining the impact of a brine spill at a specific site. (13) Cleanup and integration of water quality databases. (14) Compilation of both hard copy and online corrosion toolkit material.

Martha Cather; Robert Lee; Ibrahim Gundiler; Andrew Sung; Naomi Davidson; Ajeet Kumar Reddy; Mingzhen Wei

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

NM WAIDS: A PRODUCED WATER QUALITY AND INFRASTRUCTURE GIS DATABASE FOR NEW MEXICO OIL PRODUCERS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The New Mexico Water and Infrastructure Data System (NM WAIDS) seeks to alleviate a number of produced water-related issues in southeast New Mexico. The project calls for the design and implementation of a Geographical Information System (GIS) and integral tools that will provide operators and regulators with necessary data and useful information to help them make management and regulatory decisions. The major components of this system are: (1) Databases on produced water quality, cultural and groundwater data, oil pipeline and infrastructure data, and corrosion information. (2) A web site capable of displaying produced water and infrastructure data in a GIS or accessing some of the data by text-based queries. (3) A fuzzy logic-based, site risk assessment tool that can be used to assess the seriousness of a spill of produced water. (4) A corrosion management toolkit that will provide operators with data and information on produced waters that will aid them in deciding how to address corrosion issues. The various parts of NM WAIDS will be integrated into a website with a user-friendly interface that will provide access to previously difficult-to-obtain data and information. Primary attention during the first six months of this project was focused on creating the water quality databases for produced water and surface water, along with collecting of corrosion information and building parts of the corrosion toolkit. Work on the project to date includes: (1) Creation of a water quality database for produced water analyses. The database was compiled from a variety of sources and currently has over 7000 entries for New Mexico. (2) Creation of a web-based data entry system for the water quality database. This system allows a user to view, enter, or edit data from a web page rather than having to directly access the database. (3) Creation of a semi-automated data capturing system for use with standard water quality analysis forms. This system improves the accuracy and speed of water quality data entry. (4) Acquisition of ground water data from the New Mexico State Engineer's office, including chloride content and TDS (Total Dissolved Solids) for over 30,000 data points in southeast New Mexico. (5) Creation of a web-based scale prediction tool, again with a web-based interface, that uses two common scaling indices to predict the likelihood of scaling. This prediction tool can either run from user input data, or the user can select samples from the water analysis database. (6) Creation of depth-to-groundwater maps for the study area. (7) Analysis of water quality data by formation. (8) Continuation of efforts to collect produced water quality information from operators in the southeast New Mexico area. (9) Qualitative assessment of produced water from various formations regarding corrosivity. (10) Efforts at corrosion education in the region through operator visits. Future work on this project will include: (1) Development of an integrated web and GIS interface for all the information collected in this effort. (2) Continued development of a fuzzy logic spill risk assessment tool that was initially developed prior to this project. Improvements will include addition of parameters found to be significant in determining the impact of a brine spill at a specific site. (3) Compilation of both hard copy and online corrosion toolkit material.

Martha Cather; Robert Lee; Ibrahim Gundiler; Andrew Sung

2003-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

325

Use of a dynamic simulation model to understand nitrogen cycling in the middle Rio Grande, NM.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Water quality often limits the potential uses of scarce water resources in semiarid and arid regions. To best manage water quality one must understand the sources and sinks of both solutes and water to the river system. Nutrient concentration patterns can identify source and sink locations, but cannot always determine biotic processes that affect nutrient concentrations. Modeling tools can provide insight into these large-scale processes. To address questions about large-scale nitrogen removal in the Middle Rio Grande, NM, we created a system dynamics nitrate model using an existing integrated surface water--groundwater model of the region to evaluate our conceptual models of uptake and denitrification as potential nitrate removal mechanisms. We modeled denitrification in groundwater as a first-order process dependent only on concentration and used a 5% denitrification rate. Uptake was assumed to be proportional to transpiration and was modeled as a percentage of the evapotranspiration calculated within the model multiplied by the nitrate concentration in the water being transpired. We modeled riparian uptake as 90% and agricultural uptake as 50% of the respective evapotranspiration rates. Using these removal rates, our model results suggest that riparian uptake, agricultural uptake and denitrification in groundwater are all needed to produce the observed nitrate concentrations in the groundwater, conveyance channels, and river as well as the seasonal concentration patterns. The model results indicate that a total of 497 metric tons of nitrate-N are removed from the Middle Rio Grande annually. Where river nitrate concentrations are low and there are no large nitrate sources, nitrate behaves nearly conservatively and riparian and agricultural uptake are the most important removal mechanisms. Downstream of a large wastewater nitrate source, denitrification and agricultural uptake were responsible for approximately 90% of the nitrogen removal.

Meixner, Tom (University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ); Tidwell, Vincent Carroll; Oelsner, Gretchen (University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ); Brooks, Paul (University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ); Roach, Jesse D.

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Experimental and Theoretical EPR Study of Jahn?Teller-Active [HIPTN[subscript 3]N]MoL Complexes (L = N[subscript 2], CO, NH[subscript 3])  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The trigonally symmetric Mo(III) coordination compounds [HIPTN[subscript 3]N]MoL (L = N[subscript 2], CO, NH[subscript 3]; [HIPTN3N]Mo = [(3,5-(2,4,6-i-Pr[subscript 3]C[subscript 6]H[subscript 2])[subscript 2]C[subscript ...

McNaughton, Rebecca L.

327

Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) of nitric oxide with ammonia using Cu-ZSM-5 and Va-based honeycomb monolith catalysts: effect of H2 pretreatment, NH3-to-NO ratio, O2, and space velocity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work, the steady-state performance of zeolite-based (Cu-ZSM-5) and vanadium-based honeycomb monolith catalysts was investigated in the selective catalytic reduction process (SCR) for NO removal using NH3. The aim was to delineate the effect...

Gupta, Saurabh

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

328

The effects of 100 nm-diameter Au nanoparticles on dye-sensitized solar Changwoo Nahm,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effects of 100 nm-diameter Au nanoparticles on dye-sensitized solar cells Changwoo Nahm,1 nanoparticles for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). At the optimum Au/TiO2 mass ratio of 0.05, the power nanoparticles were also introduced to the electrodes of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs), and the solar-cell

Park, Byungwoo

329

Summary Leaf reflectance at visible and near-infrared wavelengths (4001000 nm) is related primarily to pigmenta-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Summary Leaf reflectance at visible and near-infrared wavelengths (4001000 nm) is related physiology and relationships between plants and their growth environment. We studied reflectance of two co collected from 24 sites and white spruce from 30 sites. Overall, reflectance spectra of the two species were

Richardson, Andrew D.

330

Atomic absorption monitor for deposition process control of aluminum at 394 nm using frequency-doubled diode laser  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Atomic absorption monitor for deposition process control of aluminum at 394 nm using frequency November 1995 A monitor for Al vapor density based on atomic absorption AA using a frequency of atomic absorption AA as a monitor for thickness and composition control in physical vapor deposi- tion

Fejer, Martin M.

331

High resolution photoelectron images and D{sup +} photofragment images following 532-nm photolysis of D{sub 2}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The non-resonant ionization and dissociation of D{sub 2} by intense 532-nm laser light is studied by a variation of the ``Ion Imaging`` technique called ``Velocity Mapping``. Images of the both the photoelectrons and D{sup +} photofragments are obtained and analyzed at two different laser intensities. Results are compared to previous studies and several differences are discussed.

Chandler, D.W.; Neyer, D.W. [Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (United States); Heck, A.J. [Univ. of Warwick, Coventry (United Kingdom). Dept. of Chemistry

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Dynamics of laser-produced Sn-based plasmas for a monochromatic 13.5 nm extreme ultraviolet source  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the critical density, a narrower EUV x-ray spectrum and a higher conversion efficiency from laserDynamics of laser-produced Sn-based plasmas for a monochromatic 13.5 nm extreme ultraviolet source-0417 ABSTRACT Dynamics of laser-produced Sn-based plasmas were investigated for a monochromatic EUV lithography

Najmabadi, Farrokh

333

Long-period fiber grating inscription under high-intensity 352 nm femtosecond irradiation: Three-photon absorption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Long-period fiber grating inscription under high-intensity 352 nm femtosecond irradiation: Three invented in the mid- 1990s [1]. They represent a periodic change of refractive index in an optical fiber.N. Nikogosyan). Optics Communications 255 (2005) 81­90 www.elsevier.com/locate/optcom #12;recording techniques

Nikogosyan, David N.

334

June 15, 2004 / Vol. 29, No. 12 / OPTICS LETTERS 1357 Highly coherent light at 13 nm generated by use of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and in developing new types of nano- probe. However, many EUV sources, such as synchrotrons and undulators1 and high Bartels et al. demonstrated that EUV light produced by HHG in gas-filled hollow waveguides exhibits full spatial coherence at wavelengths around 30 nm.3 The extended propagation length in the hollow

Bartels, Randy

335

Power Supply Optimization in Sub-130 nm Leakage Dominant Technologies Man L Mui Kaustav Banerjee Amit Mehrotra  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power Supply Optimization in Sub-130 nm Leakage Dominant Technologies Man L Mui Kaustav Banerjee a methodology for systematically optimizing the power supply voltage for maximizing the performance of VLSI cir- cuits in technologies where leakage power is not an insignificant fraction of the total power

336

High-order harmonic generation in atomic hydrogen at 248 nm: Dipole-moment versus acceleration spectrum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a study of the high-order harmonic-generation (HG) spectra of atomic hydrogen at 248 nm based on the Fourier transform of the expectation values of the induced dipole moment and acceleration. The calculations were performed by extending a...

Jiang, Tsin-Fu; Chu, Shih-I

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

South Of Espanola; North Of Pojoaque At Intersection of NM399 and US 84/285 Turn onto 399(WSW),  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

will be on your left, Go to third house on right (#18 on fence), 1.5 story adobe with passive solar Windows facing at Affordable Price Or Possible Lease or Lease to Purchase 18 Terrace Farm Rd LaMesilla, NM 2 story passive the Puye Ruins on Santa Clara Pueblo. House is oriented with huge solar windows facing due south toward

Kurien, Susan

338

Application of x-ray tomography to optimization of new NOx/NH3 mixed potential sensors for vehicle on-board emissions control  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mixed potential sensors for the detection of hydrocarbons, NO{sub x}, and NH{sub 3} have been previously developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The LANL sensors have a unique design incorporating dense ceramic-pelletlmetal-wire electrodes and porous electrolytes. The performance of current-biased sensors using an yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) electrolyte and platinum and La{sub 0.8}Sr{sub 0.2}CrO{sub 3} electrodes is reported. X-ray tomography has been applied to non-destructively examine internal structures of these sensors. NO{sub x} and hydrocarbon response of the sensors under various bias conditions is reported, and very little NO{sub x} response hysteresis was observed. The application of a 0.6 {mu}A bias to these sensors shifts the response from a hydrocarbon response to a NO{sub x} response equal for both NO and NO{sub 2} species at approximately 500 {sup o}C in air.

Nelson, Mark A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Brosha, Eric L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mukundan, Rangachary [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Garzon, Fernando H [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

LOW-TEMPERATURE ION TRAP STUDIES OF N{sup +}({sup 3} P{sub ja} ) + H{sub 2}(j) {yields} NH{sup +} + H  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using a low-temperature 22-pole ion trap apparatus, detailed measurements for the title reaction have been performed between 10 K and 100 K in order to get some state specific information about this fundamental hydrogen abstraction process. The relative population of the two lowest H{sub 2} rotational states, j = 0 and 1, has been varied systematically. NH{sup +} formation is nearly thermo-neutral; however, to date, the energetics are not known with the accuracy required for low-temperature astrochemistry. Additional complications arise from the fact that, so far, there is no reliable theoretical or experimental information on how the reactivity of the N{sup +} ion depends on its fine-structure (FS) state {sup 3} P{sub ja} . Since in the present trapping experiment, thermalization of the initially hot FS population competes with hydrogen abstraction, the evaluation of the decay of N{sup +} ions over long storage times and at various He and H{sub 2} gas densities provides information on these processes. First assuming strict adiabatic behavior, a set of state specific rate coefficients is derived from the measured thermal rate coefficients. In addition, by recording the disappearance of the N{sup +} ions over several orders of magnitude, information on nonadiabatic transitions is extracted including FS-changing collisions.

Zymak, I.; Hejduk, M.; Mulin, D.; Plasil, R.; Glosik, J.; Gerlich, D. [Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, Prague (Czech Republic)

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

A photoemission study of Au, Ge, and O{sub 2} deposition on NH{sub 4}F etched Si(111)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have studied the interaction of a metal, Au, a semiconductor, Ge, and a non-metal, O{sub 2}, with the NH{sub 4}F etched Si(111) surface with photoemission spectroscopy. Two components were present in Si 2p core level spectra from the H-terminated surface. We observed the flat band condition from the as-etched, n-type, Si(111) surface. We performed stepwise depositions of Au and measured the band bending with photoemission spectroscopy. The Fermi level pinned near mid-gap as Au was deposited onto the as-etched surface. After the deposition of 1 ML of Au, a Au-silicide layer formed. This interfacial component indicated that the passivating H layer was compromised. As the Au coverage was increased, layers of pure Au formed between the bulk silicon and the Au-silicide layer. The observed behavior was nearly identical to that of Au deposition on the Si(111) 7 {times} 7 surface. Next, we tested the ability of the monohydride layer to sustain surfactant assisted growth of Ge. Ge islanding was observed at 400{degree}C indicating that good surfactant growth was not obtained. Although the monohydride layer was not a good surfactant for the Si(111) surface at this temperature, further study at different temperatures is needed to determine the ability of the ideal monohydride layer to act as a surfactant. Finally, we observed no oxidation of the as-etched surface at room temperature upon exposure to molecular oxygen.

Terry, J.; Cao, R.; Wigren, C.; Pianetta, P.

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nh nm nc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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341

The superionic phase transitions in (NH{sub 4}){sub 3}H(SeO{sub 4}){sub 2} under hydrostatic pressure up to 400?MPa  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of hydrostatic pressure on proton conductivity of (NH{sub 4}){sub 3}H(SeO{sub 4}){sub 2} superionic crystal was studied in a wide temperature range and different isobaric conditions by means of impedance spectroscopy method. The measurements were performed along the trigonal c axis of the crystal, i.e., along the direction perpendicular to the plane in which, in the superionic phases, a dynamically disordered H-bond network is formed. The obtained pressure-temperature phase diagram is linear with increasing pressure. The triple point, which is the point of coexistence of the three phases: ferroelastic phase IV, ferroelastic phase III, and superionic phase II was found at p?=?116.3?MPa and T?=?287.3?K. High pressure leads to increase in the temperature range of stability of both superionic phases and to a drastic decrease in the temperature width of the ferroelastic phase III. With increasing pressure, the range of the superionic phase II expands at the expense of the range of the ferroelastic phase III, which is unstable and vanishes at the triple point.

Lindner, ?.; Zdanowska-Fr?czek, M., E-mail: mzf@ifmpan.poznan.pl; Paw?owski, A.; Fr?czek, Z. J. [Institute of Molecular Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, M. Smoluchowskiego 17, Pozna? 60-179 (Poland)

2014-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

342

Detailed modeling and laser-induced fluorescence imaging of nitric oxide in a NH(i)-seeded non-premixed methane/air flame  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper we study the formation of NO in laminar, nitrogen diluted methane diffusion flames that are seeded with ammonia in the fuel stream. We have performed numerical simulations with detailed chemistry as well as laser-induced fluorescence imaging measurements for a range of ammonia injection rates. For comparison with the experimental data, synthetic LIF images are calculated based on the numerical data accounting for temperature and fluorescence quenching effects. We demonstrate good agreement between measurements and computations. The LIF corrections inferred from the simulation are then used to calculate absolute NO mole fractions from the measured signal.The NO formation in both doped and undoped flames occurs in the flame sheet. In the undoped flame, four different mechanisms including thermal and prompt NO appear to contribute to NO formation. As the NH3 seeding level increases, fuel-NO becomes the dominant mechanism and N2 shifts from being a net reactant to being a net product. Nitric oxide in the undoped flame as well as in the core region of the doped flames are underpredicted by the model; we attribute this mainly to inaccuracies in the NO recycling chemistry on the fuel-rich side of the flame sheet.

Bell, John B.; Day, Marcus S.; Grcar, Joseph F.; Bessler, Wolfgang G.; Schulz, Christof; Glarborg, Peter; Jensen, Anker D.

2001-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

343

Systematic investigation of self-absorption and conversion efficiency of 6.7 nm extreme ultraviolet sources  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have investigated the dependence of the spectral behavior and conversion efficiencies of rare-earth plasma extreme ultraviolet sources with peak emission at 6.7 nm on laser wavelength and the initial target density. The maximum conversion efficiency was 1.3% at a laser intensity of 1.6x10{sup 12} W/cm{sup 2} at an operating wavelength of 1064 nm, when self-absorption was reduced by use of a low initial density target. Moreover, the lower-density results in a narrower spectrum and therefore improved spectral purity. It is shown to be important to use a low initial density target and/or to produce low electron density plasmas for efficient extreme ultraviolet sources when using high-Z targets.

Otsuka, Takamitsu; Higashiguchi, Takeshi; Yugami, Noboru; Yatagai, Toyohiko [Department of Advanced Interdisciplinary Sciences and Center for Optical Research and Education (CORE), Utsunomiya University, Yoto 7-1-2, Utsunomiya, Tochigi 321-8585 (Japan); Kilbane, Deirdre; Dunne, Padraig; O'Sullivan, Gerry [School of Physics, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland); Jiang, Weihua [Department of Electrical Engineering, Nagaoka University of Technology, Kami-tomiokamachi 1603-1, Nagaoka, Niigata 940-2188 Japan (Japan); Endo, Akira [Forschungszentrum Dresden, Bautzner Landstrs. 400, Dresden D-01328 (Germany)

2010-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

344

Structural, electronic transport and magnetoresistance of a 142nm lead telluride nanowire synthesized using stress-induced growth  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this study, structurally uniform single crystalline PbTe nanowires (NWs) were synthesized using a stress-induced growth. Selected-area electron diffraction patterns show that the PbTe NWs were grown along the [100] direction. The electrical conductivity ? of a NW with 142 nm in diameter exhibited a semiconducting behavior at 50300 K. An enhancement of electrical conductivity ? up to 2383 S m{sup ?1} at 300 K is much higher than ? [0.441526 S m{sup ?1}, Chen et al., Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, p023115, (2013)] in previous studies. The room temperature magnetoresistance of the 142 nm NW was ?0.8% at B = 2 T, which is considerably higher than that [0.2% at B = 2 T, Ovsyannikov et al., Sol. State Comm. 126, 373, (2003)] of the PbTe bulk reported.

Dedi, E-mail: dediamada@phys.sinica.edu.tw, E-mail: cheny2@phys.sinica.edu.tw [Department of Engineering and System Science, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China) [Department of Engineering and System Science, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China); Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China); Nano Science and Technology Program, Taiwan International Graduate Program, Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China); Research Center for Electronics and Telecommunication, Indonesian Institute of Sciences Bandung (Indonesia); Chien, Chia-Hua [Department of Engineering and System Science, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China) [Department of Engineering and System Science, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China); Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China); Nano Science and Technology Program, Taiwan International Graduate Program, Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China); Hsiung, Te-Chih [Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China) [Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China); Nano Science and Technology Program, Taiwan International Graduate Program, Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China); Department of Physics, National Taiwan University, Taipei 106, Taiwan (China); Chen, Yu-Chieh; Huang, Yi-Cheng; Lee, Ping-Chung; Chen, Yang-Yuan, E-mail: dediamada@phys.sinica.edu.tw, E-mail: cheny2@phys.sinica.edu.tw [Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China)] [Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China); Lee, Chih-Hao [Department of Engineering and System Science, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China)] [Department of Engineering and System Science, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

345

IEEE ELECTRON DEVICE LETTERS, VOL. 31, NO. 1, JANUARY 2010 47 Flicker-Noise Improvement in 100-nm Lg Si0.50Ge0.50  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IEEE ELECTRON DEVICE LETTERS, VOL. 31, NO. 1, JANUARY 2010 47 Flicker-Noise Improvement in 100-nm Lg Si0.50Ge0.50 Strained Quantum-Well Transistors Using Ultrathin Si Cap Layer Feng Li, Se-Hoon Lee compressively strained p-channel 100-nm Lg Si0.50Ge0.50 quantum-well FETs (QWFETs) with ultrathin Si (2 nm

Yener, Aylin

346

First Observation of Self-Amplified Spontaneous Emission in a Free-Electron Laser at 109 nm Wavelength  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the first observation of Self-Amplified Spontaneous Emission (SASE) in a free-electron laser (FEL) in the Vacuum Ultraviolet regime at 109 nm wavelength (11 eV). The observed free-electron laser gain (approx. 3000) and the radiation characteristics, such as dependency on bunch charge, angular distribution, spectral width and intensity fluctuations all corroborate the existing models for SASE FELs.

Andruszkw, J; Ayvazyan, V T; Baboi, N I; Bakker, R; Balakin, V; Barni, D; Bazhan, A; Bernard, M; Bosotti, A; Bourdon, J C; Brefeld, W; Brinkmann, R; Bhler, S; Carneiro, J P; Castellano, M G; Castro, P; Catani, L; Chel, S; Cho, Y; Choroba, S; Colby, E R; Decking, W; Den Hartog, P; Desmons, M; Dohlus, M; Edwards, D; Edwards, H T; Faatz, B; Feldhaus, J; Ferrario, M; Fitch, M J; Flttmann, K; Fouaidy, M; Gamp, A; Garvey, Terence; Geitz, M A; Gluskin, E S; Gretchko, V; Hahn, U; Hartung, W H; Hubert, D; Hning, M; Ischebek, R; Jablonka, M; Joly, J M; Juillard, M; Junquera, T; Jurkiewicz, P; Kabel, A C; Kahl, J; Kaiser, H; Kamps, T; Katelev, V V; Kirchgessner, J L; Krfer, M; Kravchuk, L V; Kreps, G; Krzywinski, J; Lokajczyk, T; Lange, R; Leblond, B; Leenen, M; Lesrel, J; Liepe, M; Liero, A; Limberg, T; Lorenz, R; Lu, H H; Lu, F H; Magne, C; Maslov, M A; Materlik, G; Matheisen, A; Menzel, J; Michelato, P; Mller, W D; Mosnier, A; Mller, U C; Napoly, O; Novokhatskii, A V; Omeich, M; Padamsee, H; Pagani, C; Peters, F; Petersen, B; Pierini, P; Pflger, J; Piot, P; Phung Ngoc, B; Plucinski, L; Proch, D; Rehlich, K; Reiche, S; Reschke, D; Reyzl, I; Rosenzweig, J; Rossbach, J; Roth, S; Saldin, E L; Sandner, W; Sanok, Z; Schlarb, H; Schmidt, G; Schmser, P; Schneider, J R; Schneidmiller, E A; Schreiber, H J; Schreiber, S; Schtt, P; Sekutowicz, J; Serafini, L; Sertore, D; Setzer, S; Simrock, S; Sonntag, B F; Sparr, B; Stephan, F; Sytchev, V V; Tazzari, S; Tazzioli, F; Tigner, Maury; Timm, M; Tonutti, M; Trakhtenberg, E; Treusch, R; Trines, D; Verzilov, V A; Vielitz, T; Vogel, V; Von Walter, G; Wanzenberg, R; Weiland, T; Weise, H; Weisend, J G; Wendt, M; Werner, M; White, M M; Will, I; Wolff, S; Yurkov, M V; Zapfe, K; Zhogolev, P; Zhou, F

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Cytometer LASER (nm) Detector range Fluorochrome Names check LSRII-A UV 355 A 505-550 Indo-1 (Blue)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cytometer LASER (nm) Detector range Fluorochrome Names check LSRII-A UV 355 A 505-550 Indo-1 (Blue) B 420-460 Live Dead UV Blue Alexa 350 DAPI Indo-1(Violet) Hoechst 33342 C - empty Violet 405 A 505-550 Pac. Orange V500 VioGreen BVio 510 Viability Dye eF506 Alexa 430 Sapphire B 420-460 Pac. Blue eF450 V

Oliver, Douglas L.

348

Full Stokes observations in the He I 1083 nm spectral region covering an M3.2 flare  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present an exceptional data set acquired with the Vacuum Tower Telescope (Tenerife, Spain) covering the pre-flare, flare, and post-flare stages of an M3.2 flare. The full Stokes spectropolarimetric observations were recorded with the Tenerife Infrared Polarimeter in the He I 1083.0 nm spectral region. The object under study was active region NOAA 11748 on 2013 May 17. During the flare the chomospheric He I 1083.0 nm intensity goes strongly into emission. However, the nearby photospheric Si I 1082.7 nm spectral line profile only gets shallower and stays in absorption. Linear polarization (Stokes Q and U) is detected in all lines of the He I triplet during the flare. Moreover, the circular polarization (Stokes V) is dominant during the flare, being the blue component of the He I triplet much stronger than the red component, and both are stronger than the Si I Stokes V profile. The Si I inversions reveal enormous changes of the photospheric magnetic field during the flare. Before the flare magnetic field conc...

Kuckein, C; Sainz, R Manso; Ramos, A Asensio

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Note: Deep ultraviolet Raman spectrograph with the laser excitation line down to 177.3 nm and its application  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Deep UV Raman spectrograph with the laser excitation line down to 177.3 nm was developed in this laboratory. An ellipsoidal mirror and a dispersed-subtractive triple monochromator were used to collect and disperse Raman light, respectively. The triple monochromator was arranged in a triangular configuration with only six mirrors used. 177.3 nm laser excited Raman spectrum with cut-off wavenumber down to 200 cm{sup ?1} and spectral resolution of 8.0 cm{sup ?1} can be obtained under the condition of high purity N{sub 2} purging. With the CC ? bond in Teflon selectively excited by the 177.3 nm laser, resonance Raman spectrum of Teflon with good quality was recorded on the home-built instrument and the ?-?{sup *} transition of CC bond was studied. The result demonstrates that deep UV Raman spectrograph is powerful for studying the systems with electronic transition located in the deep UV region.

Jin, Shaoqing [State Key Laboratory of Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023 (China) [State Key Laboratory of Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023 (China); University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Fan, Fengtao; Guo, Meiling; Zhang, Ying; Feng, Zhaochi, E-mail: zcfeng@dicp.ac.cn, E-mail: canli@dicp.ac.cn; Li, Can, E-mail: zcfeng@dicp.ac.cn, E-mail: canli@dicp.ac.cn [State Key Laboratory of Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023 (China)] [State Key Laboratory of Catalysis, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023 (China)

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

350

High-average-power, 100-Hz-repetition-rate, tabletop soft-x-ray lasers at sub-15-nm wavelengths  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Efficient excitation of dense plasma columns at 100-Hz repetition rate using a tailored pump pulse profile produced a tabletop soft-x-ray laser average power of 0.1 mW at = 13.9 nm and 20 W at = 11.9 nm from transitions of Ni-like Ag and Ni-like Sn, respectively. Lasing on several other transitions with wavelengths between 10.9 and 14.7 nm was also obtained using 0.9-J pump pulses of 5-ps duration from a compact diode-pumped chirped pulse amplification Yb:YAG laser. Hydrodynamic and atomic plasma simulations show that the pump pulse profile, consisting of a nanosecond ramp followed by two peaks of picosecond duration, creates a plasma with an increased density of Ni-like ions at the time of peak temperature that results in a larger gain coefficient over a temporally and spatially enlarged space leading to a threefold increase in the soft-x-ray laser output pulse energy. The high average power of these compact soft-x-ray lasers will enable applications requiring high photon flux. These results open the path to milliwatt-average-power tabletop soft-x-ray lasers.

Reagan, Brendon [Colorado State University, Fort Collins] [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Berrill, Mark A [ORNL] [ORNL; Wernsing, Keith [Colorado State University, Fort Collins] [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Baumgarten, Cory [Colorado State University, Fort Collins] [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Woolston, Mark [Colorado State University, Fort Collins] [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Rocca, Jorge [Colorado State University, Fort Collins] [Colorado State University, Fort Collins

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

NH_50m_Wind  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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352

Coupled-surface investigation of the photodissociation of NH{sub 3}(A-tilde): Effect of exciting the symmetric and antisymmetric stretching modes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using previously developed potential energy surfaces and their couplings, non-Born-Oppenheimer trajectory methods are used to study the state-selected photodissociation of ammonia, prepared with up to six quanta of vibrational excitation in the symmetric ({nu}{sub 1}) or antisymmetric ({nu}{sub 3}) stretching modes of NH{sub 3}(A-tilde). The predicted dynamics is mainly electronically nonadiabatic (that is, it produces ground electronic state amino radicals). The small probability of forming the excited-state amino radical is found, for low excitations, to increase with total energy and to be independent of whether the symmetric or antisymmetric stretch is excited; however some selectivity with respect to exciting the antisymmetric stretch is found when more than one quantum of excitation is added to the stretches, and more than 50% of the amino radical are found to be electronically excited when six quanta are placed in the antisymmetric stretch. These results are in contrast to the mechanism inferred in recent experimental work, where excitation of the antisymmetric stretch by a single quantum was found to produce significant amounts of excited-state products via adiabatic dissociation at total energies of about 7.0 eV. Both theory and experiment predict a broad range of translational energies for the departing H atoms when the symmetric stretch is excited, but the present simulations do not reproduce the experimental translational energy profiles when the antisymmetric stretch is excited. The sensitivity of the predicted results to several aspects of the calculation is considered in detail, and the analysis leads to insight into the nature of the dynamics that is responsible for mode selectivity.

Bonhommeau, David; Valero, Rosendo; Truhlar, Donald G. [Department of Chemistry and Supercomputing Institute, University of Minnesota, 207 Pleasant Street SE, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455-0431 (United States); Jasper, Ahren W. [Combustion Research Facility, Sandia National Laboratories, P.O. Box 969, Livermore, California 94551-0969 (United States)

2009-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

353

IMPROVED DETERMINATION OF THE 1{sub 0}-0{sub 0} ROTATIONAL FREQUENCY OF NH{sub 3}D{sup +} FROM THE HIGH-RESOLUTION SPECTRUM OF THE {nu}{sub 4} INFRARED BAND  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The high-resolution spectrum of the {nu}{sub 4} band of NH{sub 3}D{sup +} has been measured by difference frequency IR laser spectroscopy in a multipass hollow cathode discharge cell. From the set of molecular constants obtained from the analysis of the spectrum, a value of 262817 {+-} 6 MHz ({+-}3{sigma}) has been derived for the frequency of the 1{sub 0}-0{sub 0} rotational transition. This value supports the assignment to NH{sub 3}D{sup +} of lines at 262816.7 MHz recorded in radio astronomy observations in Orion-IRc2 and the cold prestellar core B1-bS.

Domenech, J. L.; Cueto, M.; Herrero, V. J.; Tanarro, I. [Molecular Physics Department, Instituto de Estructura de la Materia (IEM-CSIC), Serrano 123, E-28006 Madrid (Spain); Tercero, B.; Cernicharo, J. [Department of Astrophysics, CAB, INTA-CSIC, Crta Torrejon-Ajalvir Km 4, E-28850 Torrejon de Ardoz, Madrid (Spain); Fuente, A., E-mail: jl.domenech@csic.es [Observatorio Astronomico Nacional, Apdo. 112, E-28803 Alcala de Henares (Spain)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Synthesis of HA-Seeded TTCP (Ca4(PO4)2O) Powders at 12301C from Ca(CH3COO)2 . H2O and NH4H2PO4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Synthesis of HA-Seeded TTCP (Ca4(PO4)2O) Powders at 12301C from Ca(CH3COO)2 . H2O and NH4H2PO4 University, Clemson, South Carolina 29634 Tetracalcium phosphate (TTCP) Ca4(PO4)2O is one of the major powder- state process by soaking Ca- and P-containing precursors be- tween 13501 and 15001C. Such procedures

Tas, A. Cuneyt

355

Three sandglass-type molybdophosphates obtained via a new route: Synthesis and characterization of X{sub 7}[PMo{sub 8}O{sub 30}] (X=Na{sup +}, K{sup +}, NH{sub 4}{sup +})  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Three new polyoxometalates X{sub 7}[PMo{sub 8}O{sub 30}] (X=Na{sup +}, 1; K{sup +}, 2; NH{sub 4}{sup +}, 3) have been synthesized with the classical Keggin and/or Dawson heteropolymolybdophosphates and PCl{sub 5} in acetonitrile-water solutions via hydrothermal treatment. The three compounds were characterized by different analyses including IR, {sup 31}P NMR spectroscopy, elemental analysis, electrochemistry, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and powder X-ray diffraction (XRD). Single crystal X-ray analyses were carried out on Na{sub 7}[PMo{sub 8}O{sub 30}] (1) and (NH{sub 4}){sub 7}[PMo{sub 8}O{sub 30}] (3). Compound 1 and 3 crystallize in the orthorhombic system. The structure of compound 2 was confirmed by the IR spectra and powder XRD. All the three compounds contain the same octamolybdophosphate polyoxoanion [PMo{sub 8}O{sub 30}]{sup 7-}, which consists of two Mo{sub 4}O{sub 15} moieties linked by one central PO{sub 4} tetrahedron, leading to a remarkable sandglass-like structure. - Graphical Abstract: with the Keggin and/or Dawson heteropolymolybdophosphates and PCl{sub 5} in acetonitrile-water solutions via hydrothermal treatment, three new polyoxometalates X{sub 7}[PMo{sub 8}O{sub 30}] (X=Na{sup +}, 1; K{sup +}, 2; NH{sub 4}{sup +}, 3) have been synthesized and characterized. Single crystal X-ray analyses were carried out on Na{sub 7}[PMo{sub 8}O{sub 30}] (1) and (NH{sub 4}){sub 7}[PMo{sub 8}O{sub 30}] (3). All the three compounds contain the new sandglass-like structure [PMo{sub 8}O{sub 30}]{sup 7-}.

Bai Yanchun; Liu Liping; Yan Xingjuan; Chu Wei; Zhu Yingying; Song Yuting [Department of Chemistry, School of Science, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081 (China); Huang Rudan [Department of Chemistry, School of Science, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081 (China)], E-mail: huangrudan1@bit.edu.cn

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

356

Refinement of the crystal structure of the high-temperature phase G0 in (NH4)2WO2F4 (powder, x-ray, and neutron scattering)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The (NH4)2WO2F4 compound undergoes a series of phase transitions: G0 -> 201 K -> G1 -> 160 K -> G2, with a significant change in entropy ( S1 ~ Rln10 at the G0 -> G1 transition), which indicates significant orientational disordering in the G0 phase and the order disorder type of the phase transition. X-ray diffraction is used to identify the crystal structure of the G0 phase as rhombohedral (sp. gr. Cmcm, Z = 4), determine the lattice parameters and the positions of all atoms (except hydrogen), and show that [WO2F4]2 ions can form a superposition of dynamic and static orientational disorders in the anionic sublattice. A determination of the orientational position of [NH4]+ ions calls for the combined method of elastic and inelastic neutron scattering. Inelastic neutron scattering is used to determine the state of hindered rotation for ammonium ions in the G0 phase. Powder neutron diffraction shows that the orientational disorder of NH4 ions can adequately be described within the free rotation approximation.

Novak, D. M. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, Russia; Smirnov, Lev S [Alikhanov Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Moscow, Russia; Kolesnikov, Alexander I [ORNL; Voronin, Vladimir [Institute of Metal Physics, Russia; Berger, I. F. [Institute of Metal Physics, Russia; Laptash, N. M. [Institute of Chemistry, Vladivostok, Russia; Vasil'ev, N. M. [Kirensky Institute of Physics, Krasnoyarsk, Russia; Flerov, I. N. [Kirensky Institute of Physics, Krasnoyarsk, Russia

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Reclamation Rural Water Act 56th Annual NM Water Conf., New Water New Energy: A Conference Linking Desalination and Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reclamation Rural Water Act 56th Annual NM Water Conf., New Water New Energy: A Conference Linking Desalination and Renewable Energy 71 Reclamation Rural Water Act: Southwestern Navajo Rural Water Supply://wrri.nmsu.edu/publish/watcon/proc56/Black-Haws.pdf #12;Reclamation Rural Water Act 56th Annual NM Water Conf., New Water New Energy

Johnson, Eric E.

358

formation of the main deposit. At lower current densities, it is possible to deposit only this extremely thin tin film: it is 5 nm thick  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Whereas the 200-nm copper and 300-nm tin films in Fig. 4 have a thickness close to that predicted. We propose the following mechan- istic explanation of this effect. First, in thin cells problems of Li rechargeable batteries. Indeed, cycling efficiency of Li batteries is drastically reduced

Stocker, Thomas

359

Thng 9, 2011 Xu t b n b i O ce of International A airs M i thng tin trong t ri ny u c trn m ng. c thng tin chi ti t v c p nh t, xin vui lng  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thng 9, 2011 Xu t b n b i O ce of International A airs M i thng tin trong t ri ny u c trn m ng. c thng tin chi ti t v c p nh t, xin vui lng tra c u t i website c a chng ti : httpThng tin nhanh NTU, tr ng i h c t ng h p l n nh t v lu i nh t i Loan, thng bo cc chng trnh o

Wu, Yih-Min

360

The effect of viewing angle on the spectral behavior of a Gd plasma source near 6.7 nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have demonstrated the effect of viewing angle on the extreme ultraviolet (EUV) emission spectra of gadolinium (Gd) near 6.7 nm. The spectra are shown to have a strong dependence on viewing angle when produced with a laser pulse duration of 10 ns, which may be attributed to absorption by low ion stages of Gd and an angular variation in the ion distribution. Absorption effects are less pronounced at a 150-ps pulse duration due to reduced opacity resulting from plasma expansion. Thus for evaluating source intensity, it is necessary to allow for variation with both viewing angle and target orientation.

O'Gorman, Colm; Li Bowen; Cummins, Thomas; Dunne, Padraig; Sokell, Emma; O'Sullivan, Gerry [School of Physics, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4 (Ireland); Otsuka, Takamitsu [Department of Advanced Interdisciplinary Sciences, Center for Optical Research and Education (CORE), and Optical Technology Innovation Center (OpTIC), Utsunomiya University, Yoto 7-1-2, Utsunomiya, Tochigi 321-8585 (Japan); Yugami, Noboru; Higashiguchi, Takeshi [Department of Advanced Interdisciplinary Sciences, Center for Optical Research and Education (CORE), and Optical Technology Innovation Center (OpTIC), Utsunomiya University, Yoto 7-1-2, Utsunomiya, Tochigi 321-8585 (Japan); Japan Science and Technology Agency, CREST, 4-1-8 Honcho, Kanagawa, Saitama 332-0012 (Japan); Jiang Weihua [Department of Electrical Engineering, Nagaoka University of Technology, Kami-tomiokamachi 1603-1, Nagaoka, Niigata 940-2188 (Japan); Endo, Akira [Research Institute for Science and Engineering, Waseda University, Okubo 3-4-1, Shinjuku, Tokyo 169-8555 (Japan)

2012-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

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361

Photosensitivity of heavily GeO{sub 2}-doped fibres in the near UV range between 300 and 350 nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The photosensitivity of a fibre doped with GeO{sub 2} with a molar concentration of 97% is studied in the near-UV region. It is found that the refractive index induced in this fibre exposed to low-intensity (150 W cm{sup 2}) radiation at wavelengths of 305.5 and 333.6 nm achieves a high value ({approx}1.5x10{sup 3}). It is shown that the photosensitivity increases with decreasing the irradiation wavelength. (optical fibres and waveguides)

Dianov, Evgenii M; Rybaltovsky, A A; Semenov, S L [Fiber Optics Research Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation); Gur'yanov, A N; Khopin, V F [Institute of Chemistry of High-Purity Substances, Russian Academy of Sciences, Nizhnii Novgorod (Russian Federation)

2006-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

362

Lithography-free sub-100nm nanocone array antireflection layer for low-cost silicon solar cell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High density and uniformity sub-100nm surface oxidized silicon nanocone forest structure is created and integrated onto the existing texturization microstructures on photovoltaic device surface by a one-step high throughput plasma enhanced texturization method. We suppressed the broadband optical reflection on chemically textured grade-B silicon solar cells for up to 70.25% through this nanomanufacturing method. The performance of the solar cell is improved with the short circuit current increased by 7.1%, fill factor increased by 7.0%, conversion efficiency increased by 14.66%. Our method demonstrates the potential to improve the photovoltaic device performance with low cost high and throughput nanomanufacturing technology.

Xu, Zhida

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Effect of 710 nm visible light irradiation on neurite outgrowth in primary rat cortical neurons following ischemic insult  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer 710 nm wavelength light (LED) has a protective effect in the stroke animal model. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We determined the effects of LED irradiation in vitro stroke model. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer LED treatment promotes the neurite outgrowth through MAPK activation. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The level of synaptic markers significantly increased with LED treatment. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer LED treatment protects cell death in the in vitro stroke model. -- Abstract: Objective: We previously reported that 710 nm Light-emitting Diode (LED) has a protective effect through cellular immunity activation in the stroke animal model. However, whether LED directly protects neurons suffering from neurodegeneration was entirely unknown. Therefore, we sought to determine the effects of 710 nm visible light irradiation on neuronal protection and neuronal outgrowth in an in vitro stroke model. Materials and methods: Primary cultured rat cortical neurons were exposed to oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) and reoxygenation and normal conditions. An LED array with a peak wavelength of 710 nm was placed beneath the covered culture dishes with the room light turned off and were irradiated accordingly. LED treatments (4 min at 4 J/cm{sup 2} and 50 mW/cm{sup 2}) were given once to four times within 8 h at 2 h intervals for 7 days. Mean neurite density, mean neurite diameter, and total fiber length were also measured after microtubule associated protein 2 (MAP2) immunostaining using the Axio Vision program. Synaptic marker expression and MAPK activation were confirmed by Western blotting. Results: Images captured after MAP2 immunocytochemistry showed significant (p < 0.05) enhancement of post-ischemic neurite outgrowth with LED treatment once and twice a day. MAPK activation was enhanced by LED treatment in both OGD-exposed and normal cells. The levels of synaptic markers such as PSD 95, GAP 43, and synaptophysin significantly increased with LED treatment in both OGD-exposed and normal cells (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Our data suggest that LED treatment may promote synaptogenesis through MAPK activation and subsequently protect cell death in the in vitro stroke model.

Choi, Dong-Hee [Center for Neuroscience Research, SMART Institute of Advanced Biomedical Science, Konkuk University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of) [Center for Neuroscience Research, SMART Institute of Advanced Biomedical Science, Konkuk University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Department of Medical Science, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Kyoung-Hee; Kim, Ji-Hye; Kim, Moon Young [Center for Neuroscience Research, SMART Institute of Advanced Biomedical Science, Konkuk University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)] [Center for Neuroscience Research, SMART Institute of Advanced Biomedical Science, Konkuk University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Lim, Jeong Hoon [Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of) [Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Rehabilitation Medicine, Division of Neurology, Department of Medicine, National University Hospital, National University Health System (Singapore); Lee, Jongmin, E-mail: leej@kuh.ac.kr [Center for Neuroscience Research, SMART Institute of Advanced Biomedical Science, Konkuk University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of) [Center for Neuroscience Research, SMART Institute of Advanced Biomedical Science, Konkuk University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Highly accurate Michelson type wavelength meter that uses a rubidium stabilized 1560 nm diode laser as a wavelength reference  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigated the accuracy limitation of a wavelength meter installed in a vacuum chamber to enable us to develop a highly accurate meter based on a Michelson interferometer in 1550 nm optical communication bands. We found that an error of parts per million order could not be avoided using famous wavelength compensation equations. Chromatic dispersion of the refractive index in air can almost be disregarded when a 1560 nm wavelength produced by a rubidium (Rb) stabilized distributed feedback (DFB) diode laser is used as a reference wavelength. We describe a novel dual-wavelength self-calibration scheme that maintains high accuracy of the wavelength meter. The method uses the fundamental and second-harmonic wavelengths of an Rb-stabilized DFB diode laser. Consequently, a highly accurate Michelson type wavelength meter with an absolute accuracy of 5x10{sup -8} (10 MHz, 0.08 pm) over a wide wavelength range including optical communication bands was achieved without the need for a vacuum chamber.

Masuda, Shin; Kanoh, Eiji; Irisawa, Akiyoshi; Niki, Shoji

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Seedless Polyol Synthesis and CO Oxidation Activity of Monodisperse (111) and (100)-Oriented Rhodium Nanocrystals in Sub-10 nm Sizes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Monodisperse sub-10 nm (6.5 nm) sized Rh nanocrystals with (111) and (100) surface structures were synthesized by a seedless polyol reduction in ethylene glycol, with poly(vinylpyrrolidone) as a capping ligand. When using [Rh(Ac){sub 2}]{sub 2} as the metal precursor, (111)-oriented Rh nanopolyhedra containing 76% (111)-twined hexagons (in 2D projection) were obtained; whereas, when employing RhCl{sub 3} as the metal precursor in the presence of alkylammonium bromide, such as tetramethylammonium bromide and trimethyl(tetradecyl)ammonium bromide, (100)-oriented Rh nanocubes were obtained with 85% selectivity. The {l_brace}100{r_brace} faces of the Rh nanocrystals are stabilized by chemically adsorbed Br{sup -} ions from alkylammonium bromides, which led to (100)-oriented nanocubes. Monolayer films of the (111)-oriented Rh nanopolyhedra and (100)-oriented Rh nanocubes were deposited on silicon wafers in a Langmuir-Blodgett trough to make model 2D nanoarray catalysts. These nanocatalysts were active for CO oxidation by O{sub 2}, and the turnover frequency was independent of nanoparticle shape, consistent with that previously observed for Rh(111) and Rh(100) single crystals.

Zhang, Yawen; Grass, Michael E.; Huang, Wenyu; Somorjai, Gabor A.

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

366

Quasicontinuous x-ray laser with {lambda}=10.8 nm in Pd-like tungsten using a nanostructured target  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new-generation x-ray laser project is explained. It is based on the transitions in Pd-like ions in nanoplasmas. The gain coefficient is calculated for the 4d{sub 3/2}{sup 9}5d{sub 3/2}[J=0]-4d{sub 3/2}{sup 9}5p{sub 1/2}[J=1] transition ({lambda}{approx_equal}10.8 nm) in Pd-like tungsten. It is suggested that a cylindrical target made of nanostructured tungsten is pumped in the longitudinal direction by a laser pulse with energy 1-2 keV and duration {approx}500 ps. For this pump pulse the target density and dimensions are calculated, as well as the temporal variations of the optimal plasma parameters for attaining gL {approx} 14. The energy yield in the 10.8-nm line is more than 10{sup 20} eV.

Ivanova, E. P. [Institute of Spectroscopy, Russian Academy of Sciences, 142190 Troitsk, Moscow Region (Russian Federation)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

367

13286 J. Phys. Chem. 1994,98, 13286-13293 Kinetics of Ti(a3F,a5F)and V(a4F,a6D)Depletion by NH3 and H2S  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) and V(a6D) upon interactions with NH3 and HzS are studied in a fast-flow reactor at a He pressure of 0) x Introduction Information about the gas-phase kinetics for the reactions of simple molecules studied the activation of NH3 and H2S by neutral titanium and vanadium atoms. In addition to the gas

Clemmer, David E.

368

Abrviations NM Nantes Mtropole  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Premier week-end de formation WE2 Deuxime week-end d'investigation WE3 Troisime week-end de dlibration

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

369

Sandia Corporation (Albuquerque, NM)  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A Theoretical Overlay Photographic (TOP) alignment method uses the overlay of a theoretical projected image of a perfectly aligned concentrator on a photographic image of the concentrator to align the mirror facets of a parabolic trough solar concentrator. The alignment method is practical and straightforward, and inherently aligns the mirror facets to the receiver. When integrated with clinometer measurements for which gravity and mechanical drag effects have been accounted for and which are made in a manner and location consistent with the alignment method, all of the mirrors on a common drive can be aligned and optimized for any concentrator orientation.

Diver, Richard B. (Albuquerque, NM)

2010-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

370

Sandia Corporation (Albuquerque, NM)  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of designing a primary geometry, such as for a forming die, to be used in a powder pressing application by using a combination of axisymmetric geometric shapes, transition radii, and transition spaces to simulate the geometry where the shapes can be selected from a predetermined list or menu of axisymmetric shapes and then developing a finite element mesh to represent the geometry. This mesh, along with material properties of the component to be designed and powder, is input to a standard deformation finite element code to evaluate the deformation characteristics of the component being designed. The user can develop the geometry interactively with a computer interface in minutes and execute a complete analysis of the deformation characteristics of the simulated component geometry.

Ewsuk, Kevin G. (Albuquerque, NM); Arguello, Jr., Jose G. (Albuquerque, NM)

2006-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

371

ZERH Training: Albuquerque, NM  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The DOE Zero Energy Ready Home is a high performance home which is so energy efficient, that a renewable energy system can offset all or most of its annual energy Consumption.US DOE Zero Energy...

372

Tracking the Sun IV: An Historical Summary of the Installed Cost of Photovoltaics in the United States from 1998 to 2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MSEO Solar Electric Rebate Program NH NHPUC Renewable EnergyNH NJ NM NV NY OH OR PV Incentive Program Energy Office Renewable Technology Rebate

Darghouth, Naim

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Frequency stabilization of a 1083 nm fiber laser to {sup 4}He transition lines with optical heterodyne saturation spectroscopies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two kinds of optical heterodyne saturation spectroscopies, namely, frequency modulation spectroscopy (FMS) and modulation transfer spectroscopy (MTS), are demonstrated for locking a fiber laser to the transition lines of metastable {sup 4}He atoms around 1083 nm. The servo-loop error signals of FMS and MTS for stabilizing laser frequency are optimized by studying the dependence of the peak-to-peak amplitude and slope on the optical power of pump and probe beams. A comparison of the stabilization performances of FMS/MTS and polarization spectroscopy (PS) is presented, which shows that MTS exhibits relatively superior performance with the least laser frequency fluctuation due to its flat-background dispersive signal, originated from the four-wave mixing process. The Allan deviation of the stabilized laser frequency is 5.4 10{sup ?12}@100 s with MTS for data acquired in 1000 s, which is sufficiently applicable for fields like laser cooling, optical pumping, and optical magnetometry.

Gong, W.; Peng, X., E-mail: xiangpeng@pku.edu.cn; Li, W.; Guo, H., E-mail: hongguo@pku.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of Advanced Optical Communication Systems and Networks, School of Electronics Engineering and Computer Science, Center for Quantum Information Technology, and Center for Computational Science and Engineering (CCSE), Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China)

2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

374

Re-thinking highest and best use : implementing smart development in support of smart growth : a case study in Santa Fe, NM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper answers the questions "where to develop?", "for whom to develop?", and "what to develop?" from a double bottom line perspective of profit making and social benefit, using a 3-acre property in Santa Fe, NM as an ...

Balkcom, Jennifer K

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Method to grow carbon thin films consisting entirely of diamond grains 3-5 nm in size and high-energy grain boundaries  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An ultrananocrystalline diamond (UNCD) having an average grain size between 3 and 5 nanometers (nm) with not more than about 8% by volume diamond having an average grain size larger than 10 nm. A method of manufacturing UNCD film is also disclosed in which a vapor of acetylene and hydrogen in an inert gas other than He wherein the volume ratio of acetylene to hydrogen is greater than 0.35 and less than 0.85, with the balance being an inert gas, is subjected to a suitable amount of energy to fragment at least some of the acetylene to form a UNCD film having an average grain size of 3 to 5 nm with not more than about 8% by volume diamond having an average grain size larger than 10 nm.

Carlisle, John A.; Auciello, Orlando; Birrell, James

2006-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

376

Resonant cavity-enhanced photosensitivity in As[subscript 2]S[subscript 3] chalcogenide glass at 1550 nm telecommunication wavelength  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report the first (to our knowledge) experimental observation of resonant cavity-enhanced photosensitivity in As[subscript 2]S[subscript 3] chalcogenide glass film at 1550?nm telecommunication wavelength. The measured ...

Hu, Juejun

377

60nm collector InGaAs/InP Type-I DHBTs demonstrating 660 GHz f , BVCEO = 2.5V, and BVCBO = 2.7V  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

60nm collector InGaAs/InP Type-I DHBTs demonstrating 660 GHz f , BVCEO = 2.5V, and BVCBO = 2.7VGaAs base and a 60 nm InP collector containing an InGaAs/InAlAs superlattice grade. Devices employing a 400. The devices have been scaled vertically for reduced base and collector electron transit times, and the base-collector

Rodwell, Mark J. W.

378

Damage threshold of inorganic solids under free-electron-laser irradiation at 32.5 nm wavelength  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We exposed samples of B4C, amorphous C, chemical-vapor-deposition (CVD)-diamond C, Si, and SiC to single 25 fs-long pulses of 32.5 nm free-electron-laser radiation at fluences of up to 2.2 J/cm{sup 2}. The samples were chosen as candidate materials for x-ray free electron laser (XFEL) optics. We found that the threshold for surface-damage is on the order of the fluence required for thermal melting. For larger fluences, the crater depths correspond to temperatures on the order of the critical temperature, suggesting that the craters are formed by two-phase vaporization [1]. XFELs have the promise of producing extremely high-intensity ultrashort pulses of coherent, monochromatic radiation in the 1 to 10 keV regime. The expected high output fluence and short pulse duration pose significant challenges to the optical components, including radiation damage. It has not been possible to obtain direct experimental verification of the expected damage thresholds since appropriate x-ray sources are not yet available. FLASH has allowed us to study the interaction of high-fluence short-duration photon pulses with materials at the shortest wavelength possible to date. With these experiments, we have come closer to the extreme conditions expected in XFEL-matter interaction scenarios than previously possible.

Hau-Riege, S; London, R A; Bionta, R M; McKernan, M A; Baker, S L; Krzywinski, J; Sobierajski, R; Nietubyc, R; Pelka, J B; Jurek, M; Klinger, D; Juha, L; Chalupsky, J; Cihelka, J; Hajkova, V; Koptyaev, S; Velyhan, A; Krasa, J; Kuba, J; Tiedtke, K; Toleikis, S; Tschentscher, T; Wabnitz, H; Bergh, M; Caleman, C; Sokolowski-Tinten, K; Stojanovic, N; Zastrau, U; Tronnier, A; Meyer-ter-Vehn, J

2007-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

379

Characterization, 1064 nm photon signals and background events of a tungsten TES detector for the ALPS experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The high efficiency, low-background, and single-photon detection with transition-edge sensors (TES) is making this type of detector attractive in widely different types of application. In this paper, we present first characterizations of a TES to be used in the Any Light Particle Search (ALPS) experiment searching for new fundamental ultra-light particles. Firstly, we describe the setup and the main components of the ALPS TES detector (TES, millikelvin-cryostat and SQUID read-out) and their performances. Secondly, we explain a dedicated analysis method for single-photon spectroscopy and rejection of non-photon background. Finally, we report on results from extensive background measurements. Considering an event-selection, optimized for a wavelength of $1064~{\\rm nm}$, we achieved a background suppression of $\\sim 10^{-3}$ with a $\\sim 50~\\%$ efficiency for photons passing the selection. The resulting overall efficiency was $23~\\%$ with a dark count rate of $8.6 \\cdot 10^{-3}~{\\rm s}^{-1}$. We observed that pi...

Dreyling-Eschweiler, Jan; Dbrich, Babette; Horns, Dieter; Januschek, Friederike; Lindner, Axel

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Characterization, 1064 nm photon signals and background events of a tungsten TES detector for the ALPS experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The high efficiency, low-background, and single-photon detection with transition-edge sensors (TES) is making this type of detector attractive in widely different types of application. In this paper, we present first characterizations of a TES to be used in the Any Light Particle Search (ALPS) experiment searching for new fundamental ultra-light particles. Firstly, we describe the setup and the main components of the ALPS TES detector (TES, millikelvin-cryostat and SQUID read-out) and their performances. Secondly, we explain a dedicated analysis method for single-photon spectroscopy and rejection of non-photon background. Finally, we report on results from extensive background measurements. Considering an event-selection, optimized for a wavelength of $1064~{\\rm nm}$, we achieved a background suppression of $\\sim 10^{-3}$ with a $\\sim 50~\\%$ efficiency for photons passing the selection. The resulting overall efficiency was $23~\\%$ with a dark count rate of $8.6 \\cdot 10^{-3}~{\\rm s}^{-1}$. We observed that pile-up events of thermal photons are the main background component.

Jan Dreyling-Eschweiler; Noemie Bastidon; Babette Dbrich; Dieter Horns; Friederike Januschek; Axel Lindner

2015-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nh nm nc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Lifetime studies of 130nm nMOS transistors intended for long-duration, cryogenic high-energy physics experiments.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Future neutrino physics experiments intend to use unprecedented volumes of liquid argon to fill a time projection chamber in an underground facility. To increase performance, integrated readout electronics should work inside the cryostat. Due to the scale and cost associated with evacuating and filling the cryostat, the electronics will be unserviceable for the duration of the experiment. Therefore, the lifetimes of these circuits must be well in excess of 20 years. The principle mechanism for lifetime degradation of MOSFET devices and circuits operating at cryogenic temperatures is via hot carrier degradation. Choosing a process technology that is, as much as possible, immune to such degradation and developing design techniques to avoid exposure to such damage are the goals. This requires careful investigation and a basic understanding of the mechanisms that underlie hot carrier degradation and the secondary effects they cause in circuits. In this work, commercially available 130nm nMOS transistors operating at cryogenic temperatures are investigated. The results show that the difference in lifetime for room temperature operation and cryogenic operation for this process are not great and the lifetimes at both 300K and at 77K can be projected to more than 20 years at the nominal voltage (1.5V) for this technology.

Hoff, J.R.; /Fermilab; Arora, R.; Cressler, J.D.; /Georgia Tech; Deptuch, G.W.; /Fermilab; Gui, P.; /Southern Methodist U.; Lourenco, N.E.; /Georgia Tech; Wu, G.; /Southern Methodist U.; Yarema, R.J.; /Fermilab

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

THE EVOLUTION OF SOLAR FLUX FROM 0.1 nm TO 160 {mu}m: QUANTITATIVE ESTIMATES FOR PLANETARY STUDIES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Understanding changes in the solar flux over geologic time is vital for understanding the evolution of planetary atmospheres because it affects atmospheric escape and chemistry, as well as climate. We describe a numerical parameterization for wavelength-dependent changes to the non-attenuated solar flux appropriate for most times and places in the solar system. We combine data from the Sun and solar analogs to estimate enhanced UV and X-ray fluxes for the young Sun and use standard solar models to estimate changing visible and infrared fluxes. The parameterization, a series of multipliers relative to the modern top of the atmosphere flux at Earth, is valid from 0.1 nm through the infrared, and from 0.6 Gyr through 6.7 Gyr, and is extended from the solar zero-age main sequence to 8.0 Gyr subject to additional uncertainties. The parameterization is applied to a representative modern day flux, providing quantitative estimates of the wavelength dependence of solar flux for paleodates relevant to the evolution of atmospheres in the solar system (or around other G-type stars). We validate the code by Monte Carlo analysis of uncertainties in stellar age and flux, and with comparisons to the solar proxies {kappa}{sup 1} Cet and EK Dra. The model is applied to the computation of photolysis rates on the Archean Earth.

Claire, Mark W. [School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK NR4 7TJ (United Kingdom); Sheets, John; Meadows, Victoria S. [Virtual Planetary Laboratory and Department of Astronomy, University of Washington, Box 351580, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States); Cohen, Martin [Radio Astronomy Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-3411 (United States); Ribas, Ignasi [Institut de Ciencies de l'Espai (CSIC-IEEC), Facultat de Ciencies, Torre C5 parell, 2a pl, Campus UAB, E-08193 Bellaterra (Spain); Catling, David C., E-mail: M.Claire@uea.ac.uk [Virtual Planetary Laboratory and Department of Earth and Space Sciences, University of Washington, Box 351310, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States)

2012-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

383

O({sup 3}P{sub J}) formation and desorption by 157-nm photoirradiation of amorphous solid water  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Photodissociation of amorphous solid water (ASW) deposited on a thinly oxidized copper substrate at 82 K was studied by measuring O({sup 3}P{sub J=2,1,0}) photoproducts detected with resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization. For each spin-orbit state, the oxygen atom time-of-flight spectrum was measured as a function of H{sub 2}O exposure, which is related to ice thickness, and 157-nm irradiation time. Four Maxwell-Boltzmann distributions with translational temperatures of 10?000 K, 1800 K, 400 K, and 82 K were found to fit the data. The most likely formation mechanisms are molecular elimination following ionization of water and ion-electron recombination, secondary recombination of hydroxyl radicals, and photodissociation of adsorbed hydroxyl radicals. Evidence for O-atom diffusion through bulk ASW was found for H{sub 2}O exposures of at least 5 Langmuir (1 L = 10{sup ?6} Torr?s). The cross sections for O({sup 3}P{sub 2}) depletion were 1.3 10{sup ?19} and 6.5 10{sup ?20} cm{sup 2} for 1 and 5 L, respectively.

DeSimone, Alice J. [School of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 303320400 (United States)] [School of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 303320400 (United States); Orlando, Thomas M., E-mail: thomas.orlando@chemistry.gatech.edu [School of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 303320400 (United States); School of Physics, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 303320400 (United States)

2014-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

384

Dowel Bar Standardization NC^2 Spring Meeting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

" > 10" ­ 12" >12" Dowel Bar Diameter 1" 1¼" 1½" 1 ½" Height to center of dowel** 3" 4" 5" 6" **Elect to have thinner cover in bottom of slab vs. top of slab #12;Proposed Dowel Bar Diameters "Engineering" > 10" ­ 12" >12" Dowel Bar Diameter 1" 1¼" 1½" 1 ½" Height to center of dowel** 3" 4" 5" 6" **Elect

385

Radiobiological Laboratory Beaufort, N.C.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

accumulation by mummichog from food and water .·· Methods ·············.·.······.... Results .·....·······.·.·..·· · ·..·· Accumulation of cerium 144 from food by Fundulus Methods .······ Results .···..·· Retention and translocation of radiation on marine organisms. · 28 Blood characteristics of irradiated and unirradiated fish. 29 Effect

386

Category:Greensboro, NC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarreis aCallahanWind FarmAdd a new FederalGeothermalPages

387

Influence of germanium and the melting method on the mechanical properties of NM23KhYu alloy at high temperatures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of the investigation was to increase the plasticity and ductility of NM233KhYu alloy without a detrimental effect on its service properties, selection of methods evaluation of placticity and ductility at increased temperatures, and establishment on the basis of the results obtained of the optimum temperature range for hot working by pressure. To evaluate the mechanical properties at increased temperature tension, impact strength and torsion tests were made. Alloying with germanium of NM23KhYu alloy leads to a two-to-three-time increase in its impact strength. Electron beam remelting of NM23KhYu alloy with germanium increases the impact strength, and the characteristics of plasticity by 1.5-2 times in comparison with the similar properties of this alloy produced by vacuum induction melting.

Lebedev, D.V.; Rozonova, V.M.

1986-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Structure of a novel dodecaheme cytochrome c from Geobacter sulfurreducens reveals an extended 12 nm protein with interacting hemes.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Multiheme cytochromes c are important in electron transfer pathways in reduction of both soluble and insoluble Fe(III) by Geobacter sulfurreducens. We determined the crystal structure at 3.2 {angstrom} resolution of the first dodecaheme cytochrome c (GSU1996) along with its N-terminal and C-terminal hexaheme fragments at 2.6 and 2.15 {angstrom} resolution, respectively. The macroscopic reduction potentials of the full-length protein and its fragments were measured. The sequence of GSU1996 can be divided into four c{sub 7}-type domains (A, B, C and D) with homology to triheme cytochromes c{sub 7}. In cytochromes c{sub 7} all three hemes are bis-His coordinated, whereas in c{sub 7}-type domains the last heme is His-Met coordinated. The full-length GSU1996 has a 12 nm long crescent shaped structure with the 12 hemes arranged along a polypeptide to form a 'nanowire' of hemes; it has a modular structure. Surprisingly, while the C-terminal half of the protein consists of two separate c{sub 7}-type domains (C and D) connected by a small linker, the N-terminal half of the protein has two c{sub 7}-type domains (A and B) that form one structural unit. This is also observed in the AB fragment. There is an unexpected interaction between the hemes at the interface of domains A and B, which form a heme-pair with nearly parallel stacking of their porphyrin rings. The hemes adjacent to each other throughout the protein are within van der Waals distance which enables efficient electron exchange between them. For the first time, the structural details of c{sub 7}-type domains from one multiheme protein were compared.

Pokkuluri, P. R.; Londer, Y. Y.; Duke, N. E. C.; Pessanha, M.; Yang, X.; Orshonsky, V.; Orshonsky, L.; Erickson, J.; Zagyansky, Y.; Salgueiro, C. A.; Schiffer, M. (Biosciences Division); (Requimte-CQFB); (Univ. nova de Lisboa)

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Nonlinear absorption and optical strength of BaF{sub 2} and Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} at the wavelength of 248 nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An experimental investigation was made of the dependence of the transmission of BaF{sub 2} and Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} samples on the intensity of KrF-laser radiation ({lambda} = 248 nm) pulses of 85 ns duration. The two-photon absorption coefficients were found at {lambda} = 248 nm and their values for these two crystals were 0.5 {+-} 0.2 and 2 {+-} 1 cm Gw{sup -1}. The surface and bulk laser breakdown thresholds were determined for these samples. (nonlinear optical phenomena)

Morozov, Nikolai V; Sergeev, P B [P.N. Lebedev Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation); Reiterov, V M [All-Russian Scientific Centre 'S.I. Vavilov State Optical Institute', St Petersburg (Russian Federation)

1999-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

390

Application of an all-solid-state, frequency-doubled Nd:YAP laser to the generation of twin beams at 1080 nm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A laser-diode-pumped intracavity frequency-doubled Nd:YAP/KTP laser is presented. Over 110 mw of TEM00 single-frequency output power at 540-nm wavelength was obtained. The output green laser was employed to pump a semimonolithic nondegenerate optical parametric oscillator to produce intensity quantum correlated twin beams at 1080 nm, and the maximum quantum noise squeezing of 74 %(5.9 dB) on the intensity difference fluctuation between the twin beams is observed. The threshold was reduced and the stability was increased significantly when compared with similar lamp-pumped systems.

Ruixiang Guo; Julien Laurat; Jiangrui Gao; Changde Xie; Kunchi Peng

2005-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

391

TM TT TNG QUAN Vo khong ngy 20 thng 4 nm 2010, n v khoan lu ng ngoi khi Deepwater Horizon, tng  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ng phó vi lng du tràn). Ngoài ra, hn 1 triu gallon các cht phân tán ã c dùng cho vùng bin thuc khu vc du tràn nhm phân tán du.1 H qu ca s c tràn du này là mt lng khí gas t nhiên cha nh lng ã thi vào môi trng. Lc lng Bo v b bin Hoa K ã ng phó và ch o các n lc liên bang nhm ngn chn và làm sch du tràn. Phm

392

Hydrogen storage in a combined M.sub.xAlH.sub.6/M'.sub.y(NH.sub.2).sub.z system and methods of making and using the same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

As a promising clean fuel for vehicles, hydrogen can be used for propulsion, either directly or in fuel cells. Hydrogen storage compositions having high storage capacity, good dehydrogenation kinetics, and hydrogen release and uptake reactions which are reversible are disclosed and described. Generally a hydrogen storage composition of a metal aluminum hexahydride and a metal amide can be used. A combined system (Li.sub.3AIH.sub.6/3LiNH.sub.2) with a very high inherent hydrogen capacity (7.3 wt %) can be carried out at moderate temperatures, and with approximately 95% of that inherent hydrogen storage capacity (7.0%) is reversible over repeated cycling of release and uptake.

Lu, Jun (Salt Lake City, UT); Fang, Zhigang Zak (Salt Lake City, UT); Sohn, Hong Yong (Salt Lake City, UT)

2012-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

393

Sub-50 nm high aspect-ratio silicon pillars, ridges, and trenches fabricated using ultrahigh resolution electron beam lithography and reactive ion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

resolution electron beam lithography and reactive ion etching P. B. Fischer and S. Y. Chou University of Minnesota Department of Electrical Engineering, Minneapolis, Minnesota 554~3 (Received 29 July 1992 and chlorine based reactive ion etching. These nanoscale Si features can be further reduced to 10 nm using

394

Emission Spectroscopy of Dissociative Allyl Iodide and Allyl Alcohol Excited at 199.7 nm B. F. Parsons, D. E. Szpunar, and L. J. Butler*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Emission Spectroscopy of Dissociative Allyl Iodide and Allyl Alcohol Excited at 199.7 nm B. F investigated the emission spectroscopy of allyl iodide, CH2dCHCH2I, and allyl alcohol, CH2dCHCH2- OH, excited). The emission spectrum is dominated by activity in the CH2 wag and the CdC stretch, reflecting the dynamics

Butler, Laurie J.

395

Quantitative strain mapping of InAs/InP quantum dots with 1 nm spatial resolution using dark field electron holography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by geometrical phase analysis of high angle annular dark field scanning transmission electron microscopy images resolution images have been used to obtain the strain in nano-structured materials.3 Although this approach in many different types of sam- ples, at this time the spatial resolution of between 3 and 6 nm

Dunin-Borkowski, Rafal E.

396

Promotion of Renewable Energies for Water Production through Desalination 56th Annual NM Water Conf., New Water New Energy: A Conference Linking Desalination and Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Promotion of Renewable Energies for Water Production through Desalination 56th Annual NM Water Conf with is ProDes (Promotion of Renewable Energy for Water production through Desalination), which brought.zaragoza@psa.es Promotion of Renewable Energies for Water Production through Desalination 2 NEW WATER NEW ENERGY

Johnson, Eric E.

397

H-atom high-n Rydberg time-of-flight spectroscopy of CH bond fission in acrolein dissociated at 193 nm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

H-atom high-n Rydberg time-of-flight spectroscopy of C­H bond fission in acrolein dissociated-atom velocity distribution from one- and multiple-photon dissociation processes in acrolein following excitation at 193 nm. The one-photon H-atom signal is dominated by primary C­H bond fission in acrolein. We compare

Butler, Laurie J.

398

Synthesis and characterization of 10?nm thick piezoelectric AlN films with high c-axis orientation for miniaturized nanoelectromechanical devices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The scaling of piezoelectric nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS) is challenged by the synthesis of ultrathin and high quality piezoelectric films on very thin electrodes. We report the synthesis and characterization of the thinnest piezoelectric aluminum nitride (AlN) films (10?nm) ever deposited on ultrathin platinum layers (25?nm) using reactive sputtering. X-ray diffraction, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, and fast Fourier transform analyses confirmed the proper crystal orientation, fine columnar texture, and the continuous lattice structure within individual grains in the deposited AlN nanometer thick films. The average extracted d{sub 31} piezoelectric coefficient for the synthesized films is ?1.73 pC/N, which is comparable to the reported values for micron thick and highly c-axis oriented AlN films. The 10?nm AlN films were employed to demonstrate two different types of optimized piezoelectric nanoactuators. The unimorph actuators exhibit vertical displacements as large as 1.1??m at 0.7?V for 25??m long and 30?nm thick beams. These results have a great potential to realize miniaturized NEMS relays with extremely low voltage, high frequency resonators, and ultrasensitive sensors.

Zaghloul, Usama, E-mail: uzheiba@andrew.cmu.edu [Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States); Microelectronics Department, Electronics Research Institute, 33 El Bohouth St., Dokki, Giza (Egypt); Piazza, Gianluca [Electrical and Computer Engineering Department, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States)

2014-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

399

Direct atomic flux measurement of electron-beam evaporated yttrium with a diode-laser-based atomic absorption monitor at 668 nm  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with a diode-laser-based atomic absorption AA monitor at 668 nm. Atomic number density and velocity were measured through absorption and Doppler shift measurements to provide the atomic flux. The AA previously developed diode-laser-based atomic absorption AA monitors for atomic density measurements

Fejer, Martin M.

400

A study of the ground and excited states of Al3 and Al3 Computational analysis of the 488 nm anion photoelectron spectrum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A study of the ground and excited states of Al3 and Al3 - . II. Computational analysis of the 488 nm anion photoelectron spectrum and a reconsideration of the Al3 bond dissociation energy Stephen R-lying excited electronic states of Al3 - and Al3 and compared with the available spectroscopic data

Truhlar, Donald G

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nh nm nc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Revision 12-10-99 13. Summary of Materials Considerations and Data Base (S.J. Zinkle, S. Majumdar and N.M.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

project includes conventional materials (e.g., austenitic stainless steel), low-activation structuralRevision 12-10-99 13. Summary of Materials Considerations and Data Base (S.J. Zinkle, S. Majumdar and N.M. Ghoniem) 13.1 Introduction The list of structural materials originally considered for the APEX

California at Los Angeles, University of

402

Growths of staggered InGaN quantum wells light-emitting diodes emitting at 520525 nm employing graded growth-temperature profile  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Growths of staggered InGaN quantum wells light-emitting diodes emitting at 520­525 nm employing current spreading and light extraction in GaN-based light emitting diodes Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 061107 (2012) Electrically driven nanopyramid green light emitting diode Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 061106 (2012

Gilchrist, James F.

403

Seasonal variability in the vertical attenuation coefficient at 490 nm (K490) in waters around Puerto Rico and US Virgin Islands.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ecosystems. KEYWORDS: Water Diffuse Attenuation Coefficient, Kd, Remote Sensing, Ocean Color, Puerto Rico, US this affected sediment resuspension, intense water column mixing, and increased delivery of terrestrialSeasonal variability in the vertical attenuation coefficient at 490 nm (K490) in waters around

Gilbes, Fernando

404

Solar-blind deep-UV band-pass filter (250 -350 nm) consisting of a metal nano-grid fabricated  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solar-blind deep-UV band-pass filter (250 - 350 nm) consisting of a metal nano-grid fabricated, fabricated and demonstrated a solar-blind deep-UV pass filter, that has a measured optical performance, the filter offers simple yet effective and low cost solar-blind deep-UV detection at either a single device

405

Fabrication of Sub-10-nm Silicon Nanowire Arrays by Size Reduction Lithography Yang-Kyu Choi, Ji Zhu,, Jeff Grunes,, Jeffrey Bokor, and Gabor. A. Somorjai*,,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

systems. Introduction The fabrication of nanoscale patterns with dimensions of 10 nm or less has been and space dimensions" from polysilicon (polycrystalline silicon) and a metal oxide by etching one et al. carried out what they called "spacer lithography" to produce electronic devices in silicon

Bokor, Jeffrey

406

Renewable Energy Desalination: An Emerging Solution to Close MENA's Water Gap 56th Annual NM Water Conf., New Water New Energy: A Conference Linking Desalination and Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.S. While at the World Bank, Dr. Debele has worked in many regions, including South Asia, Latin AmericaRenewable Energy Desalination: An Emerging Solution to Close MENA's Water Gap 56th Annual NM Water Conf., New Water New Energy: A Conference Linking Desalination and Renewable Energy 45 Renewable Energy

Johnson, Eric E.

407

Dependence of Gas-Phase Crotonaldehyde Hydrogenation Selectivity and Activity on the Size of Pt Nanoparticles (1.7-7.1 nm) Supported on SBA-15  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The selectivity and activity for the hydrogenation of crotonaldehyde to crotyl alcohol and butyraldehyde was studied over a series of Pt nanoparticles (diameter of 1.7, 2.9, 3.6, and 7.1 nm). The nanoparticles were synthesized by the reduction of chloroplatinic acid by alcohol in the presence of poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP), followed by encapsulation into mesoporous SBA-15 silica. The rate of crotonaldehyde hydrogenation and selectivity towards crotyl alcohol both increase with increasing particle size. The selectivity towards crotyl alcohol increased from 13.7 % to 33.9 % (8 Torr crotonaldehyde, 160 Torr H{sub 2} and 353 K), while the turnover frequency increases from 2.1 x 10{sup -2} s{sup -1} to 4.8 x 10{sup -2} s{sup -1} with an increase in the particle size from 1.7 nm to 7.1 nm. The decarbonylation pathway to form propene and CO is enhanced over the higher proportion of coordinatively unsaturated sites on the smaller nanoparticles. The apparent activation energy remains constant ({approx} 16 kcal mol{sup -1} for the formation of butyraldehyde and {approx} 8 kcal mol{sup -1} for the formation of crotyl alcohol) as a function of particle size. In the presence of 130-260 mTorr CO, the reaction rate decreases for all products with a CO reaction order of -0.9 for crotyl alcohol and butyraldehyde over 7.1 nm Pt particles; over 1.7 nm Pt particles, the order in CO is -1.4 and -0.9, respectively. Hydrogen reduction at 673 K after calcination in oxygen results in increased activity and selectivity relative to reduction at either higher or lower temperature; this is discussed with regards to the incomplete removal and/or change in morphology of the polymeric surface stabilizing agent, poly(vinylpyrrolidone) used for the synthesis of the Pt nanoparticles.

Grass, Michael; Rioux, Robert; Somorjai, Gabor A.

2008-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

408

Near-resonance enhanced O2 detection for dual-broadband pure rotational coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering with an ultraviolet-visible setup at 266 nm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Broadband and dual-broadband coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) are widely established tools for nonintrusive gas diagnostics. Up to now the investigations have been mainly performed for electronic nonresonant conditions of the gas species of interest. We report on the enhancement of the O2-N2 detection limit of dual-broadband pure rotational CARS by shifting the wavelength of the narrowband pump laser from the commonly used 532-266 nm. This enhancement is caused when the Schumann-Runge absorption band is approached near 176 nm. The principal concept of this experiment, i.e., covering the Raman resonance with a single- or dual-broadband combination of lasers in the visible range and moving only the narrowband probe laser near or directly into electronic resonant conditions in the UV range, should also be applicable to broadband CARS experiments to directly exploit electronic resonance effects for the purpose of single-shot concentration measurements of minority species. To quantify the enhancement in O2 sensitivity, comparative measurements at both a 266 and a 532 nm narrowband pump laser wavelength are presented, employing a 4-dicyanomethylene-2-methyl-6-(p-dimethylaminostyryl)-4H-pyram (DCM) dye laser as a broadband laser source at 635 nm. An increase of approximately 13% in the ratio of the rotational CARS cross sections of O2 and N2 was obtained. The broad spectral width of the CARS excitation profile was approximately equal for both setups. Further enhancement should be achievable by shifting the narrowband pump laser closer toward 176 nm, for example, with a frequency-doubled optical parametric oscillator or an excimer laser. The principal concept of this experiment should also be applicable to broadband CARS experiments to directly exploit electronic resonance effects of the narrowband pump laser with electronic transitions of minority species for the purpose of single-shot concentration measurements of those species.

Schenk, Martin; Seeger, Thomas; Leipertz, Alfred

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Synthesis and Electrical Transport of Single-Crystal NH4V3O8 Nanobelts L. Q. Mai,, C. S. Lao, B. Hu, J. Zhou, Y. Y. Qi, W. Chen, E. D. Gu, and Z. L. Wang*,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

until now, and the synthesis of new-type nanobelts remains challenging. Herein, we report the synthesis and washed with distilled water three times to remove other residues and then dried in air at 80 °C for 8 h radiation ( ) 0.151 48 nm) and a nickel filter. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) absorption spectrum

Wang, Zhong L.

410

Demonstrating 1 nm-oxide-equivalent-thickness HfO{sub 2}/InSb structure with unpinning Fermi level and low gate leakage current density  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this work, the band alignment, interface, and electrical characteristics of HfO{sub 2}/InSb metal-oxide-semiconductor structure have been investigated. By using x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis, the conduction band offset of 1.78 0.1 eV and valence band offset of 3.35 0.1 eV have been extracted. The transmission electron microscopy analysis has shown that HfO{sub 2} layer would be a good diffusion barrier for InSb. As a result, 1 nm equivalent-oxide-thickness in the 4 nm HfO{sub 2}/InSb structure has been demonstrated with unpinning Fermi level and low leakage current of 10{sup ?4} A/cm{sup ?2}. The D{sub it} value of smaller than 10{sup 12} eV{sup ?1}cm{sup ?2} has been obtained using conduction method.

Trinh, Hai-Dang [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, 1001 University Road, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China) [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, 1001 University Road, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China); Department of Physics, Hanoi National University of Education, 136 Xuan Thuy, Cau Giay, Hanoi (Viet Nam); Lin, Yueh-Chin; Nguyen, Hong-Quan; Luc, Quang-Ho [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, 1001 University Road, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China)] [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, 1001 University Road, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China); Nguyen, Minh-Thuy; Duong, Quoc-Van; Nguyen, Manh-Nghia [Department of Physics, Hanoi National University of Education, 136 Xuan Thuy, Cau Giay, Hanoi (Viet Nam)] [Department of Physics, Hanoi National University of Education, 136 Xuan Thuy, Cau Giay, Hanoi (Viet Nam); Wang, Shin-Yuan [Department of Electronic Engineering, National Chiao Tung University 1001, University Rd., Hsinchu 300, Taiwan (China)] [Department of Electronic Engineering, National Chiao Tung University 1001, University Rd., Hsinchu 300, Taiwan (China); Yi Chang, Edward [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, 1001 University Road, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China) [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, 1001 University Road, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China); Department of Electronic Engineering, National Chiao Tung University 1001, University Rd., Hsinchu 300, Taiwan (China)

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

411

High-Resolution PFPE-based Molding Techniques for Nanofabrication of High-Pattern Density, Sub-20nm Features: A Fundamental Materials Approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Several perfluoropolyether (PFPE)-based elastomers for high-resolution replica molding applications are explored. The modulus of the elastomeric materials was increased through synthetic and additive approaches while maintaining relatively low surface tension values (<25 mN/m). Using large area (>4 in.{sup 2}) master templates, we experimentally show the relationship between mold resolution and material properties such as modulus and surface tension for materials used in this study. A composite mold approach was used to form flexible molds out of stiff, high modulus materials that allow for replication of sub-20 nm post structures. Sub-100 nm line grating master templates, formed using e-beam lithography, were used to determine the experimental stability of the molding materials. It was observed that as the feature spacing decreased, high modulus PFPE tetramethacrylate (TMA) composite molds were able to effectively replicate the nanograting structures without cracking or tear-out defects that typically occur with high modulus elastomers.

Williams, Stuart S.; Retterer, Scott; Lopez, Rene; Ruiz, Ricardo; Samulski, Edward T.; DeSimone, Joseph M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Identification of remediation needs and technology development focus areas for the Environmental Restoration (ER) Project at Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico (SNL/NM)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Environmental Restoration (ER) Project has been tasked with the characterization, assessment, remediation and long-term monitoring of contaminated waste sites at Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico (SNL/NM). Many of these sites will require remediation which will involve the use of baseline technologies, innovative technologies that are currently under development, and new methods which will be developed in the near future. The Technology Applications Program (TAP) supports the ER Project and is responsible for development of new technologies for use at the contaminated waste sites, including technologies that will be used for remediation and restoration of these sites. The purpose of this report is to define the remediation needs of the ER Project and to identify those remediation needs for which the baseline technologies and the current development efforts are inadequate. The area between the remediation needs and the existing baseline/innovative technology base represents a technology gap which must be filled in order to remediate contaminated waste sites at SNL/NM economically and efficiently. In the first part of this report, the remediation needs of the ER Project are defined by both the ER Project task leaders and by TAP personnel. The next section outlines the baseline technologies, including EPA defined Best Demonstrated Available Technologies (BDATs), that are applicable at SNL/NM ER sites. This is followed by recommendations of innovative technologies that are currently being developed that may also be applicable at SNL/NM ER sites. Finally, the gap between the existing baseline/innovative technology base and the remediation needs is identified. This technology gap will help define the future direction of technology development for the ER Project.

Tucker, M.D. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Site Restoration Technology Program Office; Valdez, J.M.; Khan, M.A. [IT Corp., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

A 77 GHz Transceiver for Automotive Radar System Using a120nm In AlAs/In GaAs Metamorphic HEMTs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A 77 GHz Transceiver for Automotive Radar System Using a120nm 0.4 0.35 In AlAs/In GaAs Metamorphic-mail:ykwon@snu.ac.kr) Abstract -- In this work, we demonstrate a compact 77GHz single-chip transceiver for an automotive radar at the transmitter and a 5dB conversion gain at the receiver. Index Terms -- Automotive radar, 77GHz, MHEMT, MMIC

Kwon, Youngwoo

414

Air fluorescence measurements in the spectral range 300-420 nm using a 28.5 GeV electron beam  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measurements are reported of the yield and spectrum of fluorescence, excited by a 28.5 GeV electron beam, in air at a range of pressures of interest to ultra-high energy cosmic ray detectors. The wavelength range was 300 - 420 nm. System calibration has been performed using Rayleigh scattering of a nitrogen laser beam. In atmospheric pressure dry air at 304 K the yield is 20.8 +/- 1.6 photons per MeV.

R. Abbasi; T. Abu-Zayyad; K. Belov; J. Belz; Z. Cao; M. Dalton; Y. Fedorova; P. Huentemeyer; B. F. Jones; C. C. H. Jui; E. C. Loh; N. Manago; K. Martens; J. N. Matthews; M. Maestas; J. Smith; P. Sokolsky; R. W. Springer; J. Thomas; S. Thomas; P. Chen; C. Field; C. Hast; R. Iverson; J. S. T. Ng; A. Odian; K. Reil; D. Walz; D. R. Bergman; G. Thomson; A. Zech; F-Y. Chang; C-C. Chen; C-W. Chen; M. A. Huang; W-Y. P. Hwang; G-L. Lin

2007-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

415

Structural and interfacial characteristics of thin (<10 nm) SiO{sub 2} films grown by electron cyclotron resonance plasma oxidation on [100] Si substrates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The feasibility of fabricating ultra-thin SiO{sub 2} films on the order of a few nanometer thickness has been demonstrated. SiO{sub 2} thin films of approximately 7 nm thickness have been produced by ion flux-controlled Electron Cyclotron Resonance plasma oxidation at low temperature on [100] Si substrates, in reproducible fashion. Electrical measurements of these films indicate that they have characteristics comparable to those of thermally grown oxides. The thickness of the films was determined by ellipsometry, and further confirmed by cross-sectional High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy. Comparison between the ECR and the thermal oxide films shows that the ECR films are uniform and continuous over at least a few microns in lateral direction, similar to the thermal oxide films grown at comparable thickness. In addition, HRTEM images reveal a thin (1--1.5 nm) crystalline interfacial layer between the ECR film and the [100] substrate. Thinner oxide films of approximately 5 nm thickness have also been attempted, but so far have resulted in nonuniform coverage. Reproducibility at this thickness is difficult to achieve.

Nguyen, T.D.; Carl, D.A.; Hess, D.W.; Lieberman, M.A.; Gronsky, R.

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Structural and interfacial characteristics of thin (<10 nm) SiO sub 2 films grown by electron cyclotron resonance plasma oxidation on (100) Si substrates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The feasibility of fabricating ultra-thin SiO{sub 2} films on the order of a few nanometer thickness has been demonstrated. SiO{sub 2} thin films of approximately 7 nm thickness have been produced by ion flux-controlled Electron Cyclotron Resonance plasma oxidation at low temperature on (100) Si substrates, in reproducible fashion. Electrical measurements of these films indicate that they have characteristics comparable to those of thermally grown oxides. The thickness of the films was determined by ellipsometry, and further confirmed by cross-sectional High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy. Comparison between the ECR and the thermal oxide films shows that the ECR films are uniform and continuous over at least a few microns in lateral direction, similar to the thermal oxide films grown at comparable thickness. In addition, HRTEM images reveal a thin (1--1.5 nm) crystalline interfacial layer between the ECR film and the (100) substrate. Thinner oxide films of approximately 5 nm thickness have also been attempted, but so far have resulted in nonuniform coverage. Reproducibility at this thickness is difficult to achieve.

Nguyen, T.D.; Carl, D.A.; Hess, D.W.; Lieberman, M.A.; Gronsky, R.

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Fabrication of nanoscale patterns in lithium fluoride crystal using a 13.5 nm Schwarzschild objective and a laser produced plasma source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lithium fluoride (LiF) crystal is a radiation sensitive material widely used as EUV and soft x-ray detector. The LiF-based detector has high resolution, in principle limited by the point defect size, large field of view, and wide dynamic range. Using LiF crystal as an imaging detector, a resolution of 900 nm was achieved by a projection imaging of test meshes with a Schwarzschild objective operating at 13.5 nm. In addition, by imaging of a pinhole illuminated by the plasma, an EUV spot of 1.5 {mu}m diameter in the image plane of the objective was generated, which accomplished direct writing of color centers with resolution of 800 nm. In order to avoid sample damage and contamination due to the influence of huge debris flux produced by the plasma source, a spherical normal-incidence condenser was used to collect EUV radiation. Together with a description of experimental results, the development of the Schwarzschild objective, the influence of condenser on energy density and the alignment of the imaging system are also reported.

Wang Xin [Key Laboratory of Advanced Micro-structured Materials, MOE, Department of Physics, Institute of Precision Optical Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092 (China); School of Aerospace Engineering and Applied Mechanics, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092 (China); Mu Baozhong; Jiang Li; Zhu Jingtao; Yi Shengzhen; Wang Zhanshan [Key Laboratory of Advanced Micro-structured Materials, MOE, Department of Physics, Institute of Precision Optical Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092 (China); He Pengfei [School of Aerospace Engineering and Applied Mechanics, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092 (China)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

418

Supporting Information Light trapping in silicon nanowire solar cells  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and 15 s 10:1 NH4F:HF dip and 800 nm Al followed by 200 nm Pd sputtered to form a top electrode finger

Yang, Peidong

419

Trang chnh Nn coi trang Web  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

nhn "Bn tin" Nên coi trang Web vi 1024x768 Pixels và m màng hình rng ti a, c và vit vi Uni code Liu nc

Wenseleers, Tom

420

Accurate ab initio-based adiabatic global potential energy surface for the 2{sup 2}A? state of NH{sub 2} by extrapolation to the complete basis set limit  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A full three-dimensional global potential energy surface is reported first time for the title system, which is important for the photodissociation processes. It is obtained using double many-body expansion theory and an extensive set of accurate ab initio energies extrapolated to the complete basis set limit. Such a work can be recommended for dynamics studies of the N({sup 2}D) + H{sub 2} reaction, a reliable theoretical treatment of the photodissociation dynamics and as building blocks for constructing the double many-body expansion potential energy surface of larger nitrogen/hydrogen containing systems. In turn, a preliminary theoretical study of the reaction N({sup 2}D)+H{sub 2}(X{sup 1}?{sub g}{sup +})(?=0,j=0)?NH(a{sup 1}?)+H({sup 2}S) has been carried out with the method of quasi-classical trajectory on the new potential energy surface. Integral cross sections and thermal rate constants have been calculated, providing perhaps the most reliable estimate of the integral cross sections and the rate constants known thus far for such a reaction.

Li, Y. Q.; Ma, F. C. [Department of Physics, Liaoning University, Shenyang 110036 (China)] [Department of Physics, Liaoning University, Shenyang 110036 (China); Sun, M. T. [Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China)] [Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China)

2013-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nh nm nc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Hydrogen Storage Properties of New Hydrogen-Rich BH3NH3-Metal Hydride (TiH2, ZrH2, MgH2, and/or CaH2) Composite Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ammonia borane (AB = NH3BH3) is one of the most attractive materials for chemical hydrogen storage due to its high hydrogen contents of 19.6 wt.%, however, impurity levels of borazine, ammonia and diborane in conjunction with foaming and exothermic hydrogen release calls for finding ways to mitigate the decomposition reactions. In this paper we present a solution by mixing AB with metal hydrides (TiH2, ZrH2, MgH2 and CaH2) which have endothermic hydrogen release in order to control the heat release and impurity levels from AB upon decomposition. The composite materials were prepared by mechanical ball milling, and their H2 release properties were characterized by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The formation of volatile products from decomposition side reactions, such as borazine (N3B3H6) was determined by mass spectrometry (MS). Sieverts type pressure-composition-temperature (PCT) gas-solid reaction instrument was adopted to observe the kinetics of the H2 release reactions of the combined systems and neat AB. In situ 11B MAS-NMR revealed a destabilized decomposition pathway. We found that by adding specific metal hydrides to AB we can eliminate the impurities and mitigate the heat release.

Choi, Young Joon; Xu, Yimin; Shaw, Wendy J.; Ronnebro, Ewa

2012-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

422

Solvent dependent branching between C-I and C-Br bond cleavage following 266 nm excitation of CH{sub 2}BrI  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is well known that ultraviolet photoexcitation of halomethanes results in halogen-carbon bond cleavage. Each halogen-carbon bond has a dominant ultraviolet (UV) absorption that promotes an electron from a nonbonding halogen orbital (n{sub X}) to a carbon-halogen antibonding orbital (?*{sub C-X}). UV absorption into specific transitions in the gas phase results primarily in selective cleavage of the corresponding carbon-halogen bond. In the present work, broadband ultrafast UV-visible transient absorption studies of CH{sub 2}BrI reveal a more complex photochemistry in solution. Transient absorption spectra are reported spanning the range from 275 nm to 750 nm and 300 fs to 3 ns following excitation of CH{sub 2}BrI at 266 nm in acetonitrile, 2-butanol, and cyclohexane. Channels involving formation of CH{sub 2}Br + I radical pairs, iso-CH{sub 2}Br-I, and iso-CH{sub 2}I-Br are identified. The solvent environment has a significant influence on the branching ratios, and on the formation and stability of iso-CH{sub 2}Br-I. Both iso-CH{sub 2}Br-I and iso-CH{sub 2}I-Br are observed in cyclohexane with a ratio of ?2.8:1. In acetonitrile this ratio is 7:1 or larger. The observation of formation of iso-CH{sub 2}I-Br photoproduct as well as iso-CH{sub 2}Br-I following 266 nm excitation is a novel result that suggests complexity in the dissociation mechanism. We also report a solvent and concentration dependent lifetime of iso-CH{sub 2}Br-I. At low concentrations the lifetime is >4 ns in acetonitrile, 1.9 ns in 2-butanol and ?1.4 ns in cyclohexane. These lifetimes decrease with higher initial concentrations of CH{sub 2}BrI. The concentration dependence highlights the role that intermolecular interactions can play in the quenching of unstable isomers of dihalomethanes.

Anderson, Christopher P.; Spears, Kenneth G.; Wilson, Kaitlynn R.; Sension, Roseanne J. [Department of Chemistry and Department of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)] [Department of Chemistry and Department of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)

2013-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

423

Analysis of output surface damage resulting from single 351 nm, 3 ns pulses on sub-nanosecond laser conditioned KD2PO4 crystals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We observe that by conditioning DKDP using 500 ps laser pulses, the bulk damage threshold becomes essentially equivalent to the surface damage threshold. We report here the findings of our study of laser initiated output surface damage on 500 ps laser conditioned DKDP for test pulses at 351 nm, 3 ns. The relation between surface damage density and damaging fluence (r(f)) is presented for the first time and the morphologies of the surface sites are discussed. The results of this study suggest a surface conditioning effect resulting from exposure to 500 ps laser pulses.

Jarboe, J; Adams, J J; Hackel, R

2007-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

424

Quasi-isentropic and shock compression of FCC and BCC metals : effects of grain size and stacking-fault energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the nickel electrolyte during electrodeposition to stabilizeelectrodeposition method given the relatively thick nc layer. Figure 4.15: As-prepared 30-50 nm nickel

Jarmakani, Hussam N.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

14 Engineering Drive Hanover, NH 03755  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of their sponsors, the CEDC staff, faculty advisors and mentors, and the technical staff of Thayer's CAD facility Formula Racing Dartmouth Organic Farm Graphicast Maponics Norwich Technologies Optra Inc. Dr. Joseph Technologies Terry Smith Solaflect Energy Matt Strand Victor Technologies Walvisstaart B.V. Dr. Mitchell Wolf

426

NH Acid Rain Control Act (New Hampshire)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Act is implemented under New Hampshire's acid deposition control program established under the Rules to Control Air Pollution in Chapter Env-A 400. The goal of the Act is to reduce emissions...

427

NH Clean Power Act (New Hampshire)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Act calls for annual reductions of multiple pollutants, including SO2, Nox, CO2, and mercury. The Act calls for an 87% reduction in SO2 emissions and a 70% reduction in Nox emissions from...

428

Improvement of ASME NH for Grade 91  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report has been prepared in the context of Task 3 of the ASME/DOE Gen IV material project. It has been identified that creep-fatigue evaluation procedures presently available in ASME (1) and RCC-MR (2) have been mainly developed for austenitic stainless steels and may not be suitable for cyclic softening materials such as mod 9 Cr 1 Mo steel (grade 91). The aim of this document is, starting from experimental test results, to perform a review of the procedures and, if necessary, provide recommendations for their improvements.

Bernard Riou

2007-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

429

Determination of the ( Ammonium (NH4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of methods of the RSIL, including routine analytical methods called standard operating procedures (SOPs), along with safety guidelines, maintenance procedures, and other information about the operation

430

Category:Concord, NH | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarreis aCallahanWind Farm JumpBLM) Lease.China"

431

Pittsburg, NH Natural Gas Exports to Canada  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S.30Natural Gas,095,3628,527Price (Percent)thePrice2,177.8Table 1.670,1749

432

Thin film three-dimensional topological insulator metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect-transistors: A candidate for sub-10?nm devices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Three-dimensional (3D) topological insulators (TI) are a new state of quantum matter in which surface states reside in the bulk insulating energy bandgap and are protected by time-reversal symmetry. It is possible to create an energy bandgap as a consequence of the interaction between the conduction band and valence band surface states from the opposite surfaces of a TI thin film, and the width of the bandgap can be controlled by the thin film thickness. The formation of an energy bandgap raises the possibility of thin-film TI-based metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect-transistors (MOSFETs). In this paper, we explore the performance of MOSFETs based on thin film 3D-TI structures by employing quantum ballistic transport simulations using the effective continuous Hamiltonian with fitting parameters extracted from ab-initio calculations. We demonstrate that thin film transistors based on a 3D-TI structure provide similar electrical characteristics compared to a Si-MOSFET for gate lengths down to 10?nm. Thus, such a device can be a potential candidate to replace Si-based MOSFETs in the sub-10?nm regime.

Akhavan, N. D., E-mail: nima.dehdashti@uwa.edu.au; Jolley, G.; Umana-Membreno, G. A.; Antoszewski, J.; Faraone, L. [Department of Electrical, Electronic and Computer Engineering, University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA 6009 (Australia)

2014-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

433

NM, East Proved Nonproducing Reserves  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProved ReservesFeet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayYear Monthly Annual530 474 523136 149 180

434

NM, West Proved Nonproducing Reserves  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProved ReservesFeet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayYear Monthly Annual530 47421 20 210 0 0 0

435

Sandia National Laboratories: NM EMNRD  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -theErik Spoerke SSLSMolten-Salt Storage System Areva SolarNASA

436

Low leakage Ru-strontium titanate-Ru metal-insulator-metal capacitors for sub-20?nm technology node in dynamic random access memory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Improved metal-insulator-metal capacitor (MIMCAP) stacks with strontium titanate (STO) as dielectric sandwiched between Ru as top and bottom electrode are shown. The Ru/STO/Ru stack demonstrates clearly its potential to reach sub-20?nm technology nodes for dynamic random access memory. Downscaling of the equivalent oxide thickness, leakage current density (J{sub g}) of the MIMCAPs, and physical thickness of the STO have been realized by control of the Sr/Ti ratio and grain size using a heterogeneous TiO{sub 2}/STO based nanolaminate stack deposition and a two-step crystallization anneal. Replacement of TiN with Ru as both top and bottom electrodes reduces the amount of electrically active defects and is essential to achieve a low leakage current in the MIM capacitor.

Popovici, M., E-mail: Mihaela.Ioana.Popovici@imec.be; Swerts, J.; Redolfi, A.; Kaczer, B.; Aoulaiche, M.; Radu, I.; Clima, S.; Everaert, J.-L.; Van Elshocht, S.; Jurczak, M. [Imec, Leuven 3001 (Belgium)

2014-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

437

Small-signal modulation and differential gain of red-emitting (??=?630?nm) InGaN/GaN quantum dot lasers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report small-signal modulation bandwidth and differential gain measurements of a ridge waveguide In{sub 0.4}Ga{sub 0.6}N/GaN quantum dot laser grown by molecular beam epitaxy. The laser peak emission is at ??=?630?nm. The ?3?dB bandwidth of an 800??m long device was measured to be 2.4?GHz at 250?mA under pulsed biasing, demonstrating the possibility of high-speed operation of these devices. The differential gain was measured to be 5.3??10{sup ?17}?cm{sup 2}, and a gain compression factor of 2.87??10{sup ?17}?cm{sup 3} is also derived from the small-signal modulation response.

Frost, Thomas; Banerjee, Animesh; Bhattacharya, Pallab, E-mail: pkb@eecs.umich.edu [Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2122 (United States)] [Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2122 (United States)

2013-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

438

The effect of pulse duration on the growth rate of laser-induced damage sites at 351 nm on fused silica surfaces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Past work in the area of laser-induced damage growth has shown growth rates to be primarily dependent on the laser fluence and wavelength. More recent studies suggest that growth rate, similar to the damage initiation process, is affected by a number of additional parameters including pulse duration, pulse shape, site size, and internal structure. In this study, we focus on the effect of pulse duration on the growth rate of laser damage sites located on the exit surface of fused silica optics. Our results demonstrate, for the first time, a significant dependence of growth rate at 351 nm on pulse duration from 1 ns to 15 ns as {tau}{sup 0.3} for sites in the 50-100 {micro}m size range.

Negres, R A; Norton, M A; Liao, Z M; Cross, D A; Bude, J D; Carr, C W

2009-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

439

7 -29 nm 29 -56 nm 56 -95 nm Particlenumberconcentration(#cm-3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distribution Emissions from Hybridfrom Hybrid--Electric and Conventional Diesel BusesElectric and Conventional: Two conventional diesel buses: ·280 HP - Year 2002 ­ Detroit Diesel Series 40 Two hybrid electric-diesele+5 1e+6 Conventional Hybrid bus Stages F+1+2 ULSD n=4 3A. Hybrid electric-diesel bus · During

Holmén, Britt A.

440

Effect of Key Parameters on the Photocatalytic Oxidation of Toluene at Low Concentrations in Air under 254 + 185 nm UV Irradiation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of key experimental parameters on the removal of toluene under 254 + 185 nm irradiation was investigated using a benchtop photocatalytic flow reactor. Toluenewas introduced at low concentrations between 10 and 500 ppbv, typical of indoorenvironments, and reacted on TiO2-coated Raschig rings. Two different TiO2-coated rings were prepared: in one case, by dip-coating using a P25 aqueous suspension and, on the other, using an organic/inorganic sol-gel method that produced thin films of mesoporous anatase. Flow rates in the photoreactor varied between 4 L min-1 and 125 mL min-1, leading to residence times in the range 100 ms< tau< 2 s. For these conditions, toluene removal efficiencies were between 30 and 90percent, indicating that the system did not achieve total conversion in any case. For each air flow rate, the conversion oftoluene was significantly higher when the reactor length was 10 cm, as compared with 5 cm; however, only marginal increases in conversions were achieved in the two reactor lengths at equal residence time and different concentration of toluene, suggesting that that the reactor is effectively behaving as an ideal reactor and that the reaction is first-order in the concentration of toluene. Experiments were carried out between 0 and 66percent relative humidity (RH), the fastest reaction rate being observed at moderately low humidity conditions (10percent RH), with respect to both dry air and higher humidity levels. Formaldehyde was formed as a partial oxidation byproduct at low and at high residence times (240 and 960 ms), although higher formaldehyde molar yields (up to 20percent) were observed at low tau (240 ms) and moderate humidity conditions (10 and 33percent), suggesting that both tau and RH can be optimized toreduce the formation of harmful intermediates. Toluene removal efficiency increased with the TiO2 thickness (i.e., mass) until a maximum value of 500 nm, beyond which the removal efficiency decreased. This should be attributed to limitations on the rates of toluene decomposition imposed by radiation transport through the film and/or internal diffusion resistances, which can take place within the porous photocatalytic films.

Quici, Natalia; Vera, Maria L.; Choi, Hyeok; Puma, Gianluca Li; Dionysiou, Dionysios D.; Litter, Marta I.; Destaillats, Hugo

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nh nm nc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Quadrupole mass spectrometry and time-of-flight analysis of ions resulting from 532 nm pulsed laser ablation of Ni, Al, and ZnO targets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This work describes the design and validation of an instrument to measure the kinetic energies of ions ejected by the pulsed laser ablation (PLA) of a solid target. Mass spectra show that the PLA of Ni, Al, and ZnO targets, in vacuum, using the second harmonic of a Nd:YAG laser (532 nm, pulse duration {approx}10 ns) generates abundant X{sup n+} ions (n{<=}3 for Ni, {<=}2 for Al, {<=}3 and {<=}2 for Zn and O respectively from ZnO). Ions are selected by their mass/charge (m/z) ratio prior to the determination of their times of flight. PLA of Ni has been studied in most detail. The mean velocities of ablated Ni{sup n+} ions are shown to follow the trend v(Ni{sup 3+})>v(Ni{sup 2+})>v(Ni{sup +}). Data from Ni{sup 2+} and Ni{sup 3+} are fitted to shifted Maxwellian functions and agree well with a model which assumes both thermal and Coulombic contributions to ion velocities. The dependence of ion velocities on laser pulse energy (and fluence) is investigated, and the high energy data are shown to be consistent with an effective accelerating voltage of {approx}90 V within the plume. The distribution of velocities associated with Ni{sup 3+} indicates a population at cooler temperature than Ni{sup 2+}.

Sage, Rebecca S.; Cappel, Ute B.; Ashfold, Michael N. R.; Walker, Nicholas R. [School of Chemistry, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1TS (United Kingdom)

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Optical properties and energy transfer processes of Ho{sup 3+}/Er{sup 3+}- codoped fluorotellurite glass under 1550?nm excitation for 2.0??m applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper investigates 2.0??m emission properties and energy transfer processes in the Er{sup 3+}/Ho{sup 3+} codoped fluorotellurite glass. The measured absorption spectra demonstrate that the codoped sample can be pumped by 1550?nm excitation efficiently. Judd-Ofelt and radiative parameters are calculated and discussed. Intensive 2.0??m emission originating from Ho{sup 3+}: {sup 5}I{sub 7}?{sup 5}I{sub 8} transition is observed and a long lifetime (11?ms) of the {sup 5}I{sub 7} level is measured when Ho{sup 3+} ions are sensitized by Er{sup 3+} ions. Meanwhile, the upconversion spectra of the Er{sup 3+} singly and codoped samples are obtained and the energy transfer processes of the two ions is discussed based on the change of the upconversion emissions. The microscopic interaction parameters of the phonon-assisted (Er{sup 3+}: {sup 4}I{sub 13/2}?Ho{sup 3+}:{sup 5}I{sub 7}) process are calculated and the microparameter reaches as high as 10.1??10{sup ?41} cm{sup 6}/s. Hence, these results indicate that this Ho{sup 3+}/Er{sup 3+} codoped fluorotellurite glass will be a suitable material for developing solid state laser around 2.0??m.

Huang, Feifei; Liu, Xueqiang [Key Laboratory of Materials for High Power Laser, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800 (China); Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039 (China); Hu, Lili; Chen, Danping, E-mail: dpchen2008@aliyun.com [Key Laboratory of Materials for High Power Laser, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800 (China)

2014-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

443

Importance of energy efficiency in the design of the Process and Environmental Technology Laboratory (PETL) at Sandia National Laboratories, New Mexico (NM)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of the design of the Process and Environmental Technology Laboratory (PETL) in FY97, an energy conservation report (ECR) was completed. The original energy baseline for the building, established in Title 1 design, was 595,000 BTU/sq. ft./yr, site energy use. Following the input of several reviewers and the incorporation of the various recommendations into the Title 2 design, the projected energy consumption was reduced to 341,000 BTU/sq. ft./yr. Of this reduction, it is estimated that about 150,000 BTU/sq. ft./yr resulted from inclusion of more energy efficient options into the design. The remaining reductions resulted from better accounting of energy consumption between Title 1 ECR and the final ECR. The energy efficient features selected by the outcome of the ECR were: (1) Energy Recovery system, with evaporative cooling assist, for the Exhaust/Make-up Air System; (2) Chilled Water Thermal Storage system; (3) Premium efficiency motors for large, year-round applications; (4) Variable frequency drives for all air handling fan motors; (4) Premium efficiency multiple boiler system; and (5) Lighting control system. The annual energy cost savings due to these measures will be about $165,000. The estimated annual energy savings are two million kWhrs electric, and 168,000 therms natural gas, the total of which is equivalent to 23,000 million BTUs per year. Put into the perspective of a typical office/light lab at SNL/NM, the annual energy savings is equal the consumption of a 125,000 square foot building. The reduced air emissions are approximately 2,500 tons annually.

Wrons, R.

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Synthesis of the Sterically Related Nickel Gallanediyl Complexes [Ni(CO)3(GaAr?)] (Ar?=C6H3-2,6-(C6H3-2,6-iPr2)2) and [Ni(CO)3(GaL)] (L=HC[C(CH3)N(C6H3-2,6-iPr2)]2): Thermal Decomposition of [Ni(CO)3(GaAr?)] to give the Cluster [Ni4(CO)7(GaAr?)3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

6 H 3 -2,6-(C 6 H 3 -2,6-iPr 2 ) 2 ) and [Ni(CO) 3 (GaL)] (LC(CH 3 )N(C 6 H 3 -2,6-iPr 2 )] 2 ): Thermal DecompositionC 6 H 3 -2,6-(C 6 H 3 -2,6-iPr 2 ) 2 ) and GaL (L = HC[C(Me)

Serrano, Oracio; Hoppe, Elke; Power, Philip P.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Bulk gold catalyzed oxidation reactions of amines and isocyanides and iron porphyrin catalyzed N-H and O-H bond insertion/cyclization reactions of diamines and aminoalcohols  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This work involves two projects. The first project entails the study of bulk gold as a catalyst in oxidation reactions of isocyanides and amines. The main goal of this project was to study the activation and reactions of molecules at metal surfaces in order to assess how organometallic principles for homogeneous processes apply to heterogeneous catalysis. Since previous work had used oxygen as an oxidant in bulk gold catalyzed reactions, the generality of gold catalysis with other oxidants was examined. Amine N-oxides were chosen for study, due to their properties and use in the oxidation of carbonyl ligands in organometallic complexes. When amine N-oxides were used as an oxidant in the reaction of isocyanides with amines, the system was able to produce ureas from a variety of isocyanides, amines, and amine N-oxides. In addition, the rate was found to generally increase as the amine N-oxide concentration increased, and decrease with increased concentrations of the amine. Mechanistic studies revealed that the reaction likely involves transfer of an oxygen atom from the amine N-oxide to the adsorbed isocyanide to generate an isocyanate intermediate. Subsequent nucleophilic attack by the amine yields the urea. This is in contrast to the bulk gold-catalyzed reaction mechanism of isocyanides with amines and oxygen. Formation of urea in this case was proposed to proceed through a diaminocarbene intermediate. Moreover, formation of the proposed isocyanate intermediate is consistent with the reactions of metal carbonyl ligands, which are isoelectronic to isocyanides. Nucleophilic attack at coordinated CO by amine N-oxides produces CO{sub 2} and is analogous to the production of an isocyanate in this gold system. When the bulk gold-catalyzed oxidative dehydrogenation of amines was examined with amine N-oxides, the same products were afforded as when O{sub 2} was used as the oxidant. When the two types of oxidants were directly compared using the same reaction system and conditions, it was found that the oxidative dehydrogenation of dibenzylamine to Nbenzylidenebenzylamine, with N-methylmorpholine N-oxide (NMMO), was nearly quantitative (96%) within 24 h. However, the reaction with oxygen was much slower, with only a 52% yield of imine product over the same time period. Moreover, the rate of reaction was found to be influenced by the nature of the amine N-oxide. For example, the use of the weakly basic pyridine N-oxide (PyNO) led to an imine yield of only 6% after 24 h. A comparison of amine N-oxide and O2 was also examined in the oxidation of PhCH{sub 2}OH to PhCHO catalyzed by bulk gold. In this reaction, a 52% yield of the aldehyde was achieved when NMMO was used, while only a 7% product yield was afforded when O{sub 2} was the oxidant after 48 h. The bulk gold-catalyzed oxidative dehydrogenation of cyclic amines generates amidines, which upon treatment with Aerosil and water were found to undergo hydrolysis to produce lactams. Moreover, 5-, 6-, and 7-membered lactams could be prepared through a one-pot reaction of cyclic amines by treatment with oxygen, water, bulk gold, and Aerosil. This method is much more atom economical than industrial processes, does not require corrosive acids, and does not generate undesired byproducts. Additionally, the gold and Aerosil catalysts can be readily separated from the reaction mixture. The second project involved studying iron(III) tetraphenylporphyrin chloride, Fe(TPP)Cl, as a homogeneous catalyst for the generation of carbenes from diazo reagents and their reaction with heteroatom compounds. Fe(TPP)Cl, efficiently catalyzed the insertion of carbenes derived from methyl 2-phenyldiazoacetates into O-H bonds of aliphatic and aromatic alcohols. Fe(TPP)Cl was also found to be an effective catalyst for tandem N-H and O-H insertion/cyclization reactions when 1,2-diamines and 1,2-alcoholamines were treated with diazo reagents. This approach provides a one-pot process for synthesizing piperazinones and morpholinones and related analogues such as quinoxalinones and benzoxazin-2-ones.

Klobukowski, Erik

2011-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

446

Energy transfer among distant quantum systems in spatially shaped laser fields: Two H atoms with an internuclear separation of 5.29 nm (100 a.u.)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The quantum dynamics of two distant H atoms excited by ultrashort and spatially shaped laser pulses is studied by the numerical solution of the non-Born-Oppenheimer time-dependent Schroedinger equation within a three-dimensional (3D) model, including the internuclear distance R and the two z coordinates of the electrons z{sub 1} and z{sub 2}. The two one-dimensional (1D) H atoms, A and B, are assumed to be initially in their ground states with a large (but otherwise arbitrary) internuclear separation of R=100 a.u. (5.29 nm). Two types of a spatial envelope of a laser field linearly polarized along the z axis are considered: (i) a broad Gaussian envelope, such that atom A is excited by the laser field predominantly, and (ii) a narrow envelope, such that practically only atom A is excited by the laser field. With the laser carrier frequency {omega}=1.0 a.u. and the pulse duration t{sub p}=5 fs, in both cases an efficient energy transfer from atom A to atom B has been found. The ionization of atom B achieved mostly after the end of the laser pulse is close to or even higher than that of atom A. It is shown that with a narrow spatial envelope of the laser field, the underlying mechanisms of the energy transfer from A to B and the ionization of B are the Coulomb attraction of the laser driven electron by the proton of atom B and a short-range Coulomb repulsion of the two electrons when their wave functions significantly overlap in the domain of atom B. In the case of a broad Gaussian spatial envelope of the laser field, the opposite process also occurs, but with smaller probability: the energy is transferred from the weakly excited atom B to atom A, and the ionization of atom A is also induced by the electron-electron repulsion in the domain of atom A due to a strong overlap of the electronic wave functions.

Paramonov, Guennaddi K.; Kuehn, Oliver; Bandrauk, Andre D. [Institut fuer Physik, Universitaet Rostock, D-18051 Rostock (Germany); Laboratorie de Chimie Theorique, Faculte des Sciences, Universite de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Quebec, J1K 2R1 (Canada)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

447

The University of New Mexico MSC01 1220 1 University of New Mexico Albuquerque, NM 87131-0001 Phone 505.277.6947 Fax 505.277.2321 www.unm.edu MEMORANDUMMEMORANDUM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The University of New Mexico · MSC01 1220 · 1 University of New Mexico · Albuquerque, NM 87131 a balanced approach to long-term sustainability. The changes should result in 100.7% funding in 2043 retirees until the fund is 100% funded. · The COLA reduction is based on the median retirement annuity

New Mexico, University of

448

IMAGING SPECTROPOLARIMETRY OF Ti I 2231 nm IN A SUNSPOT M. J. PENN1,2, W. D. CAO3,4, S. R. WALTON2, G. A. CHAPMAN2 and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

line at 2231.0 nm is used to probe the magnetic and velocity fields in the spot umbra and penumbra in the umbra, and a dependence of the magnetic field on the plasma temperature similar to that which was seen

449

0 ms 7 ms 12 ms 18 ms 24 ms 30 ms 36 ms 41 ms 47 ms 53 ms 59 ms 65 ms 71 ms The Reference Simulation (ktendon-ankle = 75,000 N/m)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.5 The Reference Simulation (ktendon-ankle = 75,000 N/m) Download a copy of this poster and read more about ourD MODEL2,3 : -SKELETON: 5 bones, 4 joints -MUSCULATURE: Hip, knee & ankle extensor groups THEORY') MODEL MUSCLE - TENDON (MT) UNITKnee extensors `KE' Hip extensors `HE' Ankle extensors `AE' Hip (COM) TMT

Richards, Chris

450

Interaction of wide-band-gap single crystals with 248-nm excimer laser irradiation. X. Laser-induced near-surface absorption in single-crystal NaCl  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are expected to play an important role in optical break- down and surface damage. II. EXPERIMENT The results of a few thousand kelvin even in the absence of visible surface damage. The origin of the laser absorption radiation. As much as 20% of the incident radiation at 248 nm must be absorbed in the near-surface region

Dickinson, J. Thomas

451

T H E S C H O OL O F P H A R M A C Y A ND P H A R MA C E U TI C A L S C I E NC ES P H A R MA C EU T I C A L S C I EN C E S T H E S C HO O L OF P HA R MA C Y A N D  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 T H E S C H O OL O F P H A R M A C Y A ND P H A R MA C E U TI C A L S C I E NC ES P H A R MA C EU T I C A L S C I EN C E S T H E S C HO O L OF P HA R MA C Y A N D S C IE N C E S T H E S C H O O L O F P H A RM A C Y A N D P H A R M A C E U T IC A L P H A R M A C Y A ND P H A R MA C E U TI C A L P U R

Pittendrigh, Barry

452

PO BOX 12233 Research Triangle Park, NC 27709  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on recycled paper. October 2008 Environmental Public Health: The Power of Partnerships The National Institute of a new ordinance that prohibits diesel trucks from practicing driving near schools, and the establishment Williams joyw@environmentalhealth.org Reducing Diesel Exhaust Exposure Near Schools Diesel engines

Bezrukov, Sergey M.

453

NC515: A NEW DIPOLE CROSS-SECTION FOR SSC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

aided, for example, by a simple VAX Program TRY35. Thus, for16) designed to employ the VAX version of the IMSL RoutineRoutine ZSYSTM (as in the VAX program listed by V.D. Brady

Caspi, S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Personal Devices in the NC Digital Government Summit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/btl/byod-inches-along-in-europe-middle-east-africa/77605 #12;2012 Horizon Report Technologies to Watch Within next 12 months: Mobile Apps Tablet;University Mobile Collaboration Collaboration between central and distributed IT groups Manage AppleLab to Diagnose Plant Disease #12;#12;Instructional Technology Sampler Enterprise: Learning Management Systems

Liu, Paul

455

2010 NC Mobile CARE Awards May 26, 2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dept of Transportation, the Mobile CARE initiative brings together three state agencies students have made biofuels and built vehicles-solar electric bikes, recumbent, trikes, gocarts, and utility tractors. As a result, his students won "Most Innovative" in the Federal Transit Authority

456

N.C. Agency Growing, Helping Citizens Save Money  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

MCCA runs a hybrid program in the state that has expanded energy efficiency services to municipalities and made advanced-income households eligible for weatherization, and this work helped prepare the agency for the workload it is seeing now under the Recovery Act.

457

LEAVING NC STATE Find out what you can  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in school. AWARD WINNING PERFORMANCE 8 High Performance Computing is the wave of the future. Date: February

458

LEED-NC Version 3 Project Checklist Project Name  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Credit 3 D Brownfield Redevelopment 1 UF 6 Credit 4.1 D Alternative Transportation, Public Transportation

Slatton, Clint

459

areva nc recycling: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

the IEA R&D Wind's Topical expert meeting on Material recycling and life cycle analysis (LCA) of wind turbines 329 The Randomness Recycler Approach to Perfect James Allen Fill...

460

NC STATE UNIVERSITY College of Engineering North Carolina Solar Center  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Carolina today, which can run on gasoline or E85. Holmes Oil Co. will be using CFAT funds to install an E85 tank and dispenser at a new refueling station planned for the intersection of U.S. 64 Bypass and 15 GX, which runs on compressed natural gas (CNG), is considered the cleanest internal combustion engine

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nh nm nc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Providing Technology Guidance to the NC State Community Spring 2005Providing Technology Guidance to the NC State Community Spring 2005Providing Technology Guidance to the NC State Community Spring 2005Providing Technology Guidance to the NC State Commu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the project started for the UNC System, but vendors will provide customer support and help desk services sliced bread, just wait. There's more to come. The Brickyard is a personal information management tool

462

N.C. Solar Center | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 -Energieprojekte3 ClimateSpurr GeothermalCarmelAlum|Texas:EnergyMythos Solar

463

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- North Carolina State University - NC  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofof EnergyYou are herePA 3003A01 Carolina State

464

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Youngsville Warehouse - NC 02  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofof EnergyYou areDowntown Site -Miami -NewPlantSteel Co -

465

NC CSC Open Science Conference | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Opticalhttp://www.fnal.gov/directorate/nalcal/nalcal02_07_05_files/nalcal.gif Directorate - Events -Science10 1This WeekNCNC

466

Synthesis and crystal structure of a new open-framework iron phosphate (NH{sub 4}){sub 4}Fe{sub 3}(OH){sub 2}F{sub 2}[H{sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 4}]: Novel linear trimer of corner-sharing Fe(III) octahedra  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new iron phosphate (NH{sub 4}){sub 4}Fe{sub 3}(OH){sub 2}F{sub 2}[H{sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 4}] has been synthesized hydrothermally at HF concentrations from 0.5 to 1.2 mL. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis reveals its three-dimensional open-framework structure (monoclinic, space group P2{sub 1}/n (No. 14), a=6.2614(13) A, b=9.844(2) A, c=14.271(3) A, {beta}=92.11(1){sup o}, V=879.0(3) A{sup 3}). This structure is built from isolated linear trimers of corner-sharing Fe(III) octahedra, which are linked by (PO{sub 4}) groups to form ten-membered-ring channels along [1 0 0]. This isolated, linear trimer of corner-sharing Fe(III) octahedra, [(FeO{sub 4}){sub 3}(OH){sub 2}F{sub 2}], is new and adds to the diverse linkages of Fe polyhedra as secondary building units in iron phosphates. The trivalent iron at octahedral sites for the title compound has been confirmed by synchrotron Fe K-edge XANES spectra and magnetic measurements. Magnetic measurements also show that this compound exhibit a strong antiferromagnetic exchange below T{sub N}=17 K, consistent with superexchange interactions expected for the linear trimer of ferric octahedra with the Fe-F-Fe angle of 132.5{sup o}. -- Graphical abstract: The three-dimensional open-framework structure of (NH{sub 4}){sub 4}Fe{sub 3}(OH){sub 2}F{sub 2}[H{sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 4}] is built from a novel isolated, linear (FeO{sub 4}){sub 3}(OH){sub 2}F{sub 2} trimer of corner-sharing Fe(III) octahedra linked by PO{sub 4} tetrahedra. Display Omitted

Mi, Jin-Xiao, E-mail: jxmi@xmu.edu.c [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, College of Materials, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005 (China); Wang, Cheng-Xin [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, College of Materials, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005 (China); Chen, Ning [Canadian Light Source, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada S7N 0X4 (Canada); Department of Geological Sciences, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada S7N 5E2 (Canada); Li, Rong [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, College of Materials, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005 (China); Department of Geological Sciences, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada S7N 5E2 (Canada); Pan, Yuanming [Department of Geological Sciences, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada S7N 5E2 (Canada)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

467

L{sub g}?=?100?nm In{sub 0.7}Ga{sub 0.3}As quantum well metal-oxide semiconductor field-effect transistors with atomic layer deposited beryllium oxide as interfacial layer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this study, we have fabricated nanometer-scale channel length quantum-well (QW) metal-oxide-semiconductor field effect transistors (MOSFETs) incorporating beryllium oxide (BeO) as an interfacial layer. BeO has high thermal stability, excellent electrical insulating characteristics, and a large band-gap, which make it an attractive candidate for use as a gate dielectric in making MOSFETs. BeO can also act as a good diffusion barrier to oxygen owing to its small atomic bonding length. In this work, we have fabricated In{sub 0.53}Ga{sub 0.47}As MOS capacitors with BeO and Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} and compared their electrical characteristics. As interface passivation layer, BeO/HfO{sub 2} bilayer gate stack presented effective oxide thickness less 1 nm. Furthermore, we have demonstrated In{sub 0.7}Ga{sub 0.3}As QW MOSFETs with a BeO/HfO{sub 2} dielectric, showing a sub-threshold slope of 100?mV/dec, and a transconductance (g{sub m,max}) of 1.1 mS/?m, while displaying low values of gate leakage current. These results highlight the potential of atomic layer deposited BeO for use as a gate dielectric or interface passivation layer for IIIV MOSFETs at the 7?nm technology node and/or beyond.

Koh, D., E-mail: dh.koh@utexas.edu, E-mail: Taewoo.Kim@sematech.org [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Microelectronics Research Center, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78758 (United States); SEMATECH, Inc., Albany, New York 12203 (United States); Kwon, H. M. [Department of Electronics Engineering, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 305-764 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, T.-W., E-mail: dh.koh@utexas.edu, E-mail: Taewoo.Kim@sematech.org; Veksler, D.; Gilmer, D.; Kirsch, P. D. [SEMATECH, Inc., Albany, New York 12203 (United States); Kim, D.-H. [SEMATECH, Inc., Albany, New York 12203 (United States); GLOBALFOUNDRIES, Malta, New York 12020 (United States); Hudnall, Todd W. [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Texas State University, San Marcos, Texas, 78666 (United States); Bielawski, Christopher W. [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States); Maszara, W. [GLOBALFOUNDRIES, Santa Clara, California 95054 (United States); Banerjee, S. K. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Microelectronics Research Center, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78758 (United States)

2014-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

468

New convertible isocyanides for the Ugi Reaction : application to the stereoselective synthesis of omuralide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CO 2 H (68%, 2 steps) Me NH iPr HO O 1. NaNO 2 (80% 2 steps)Conjugate Addition Strategy PMB iPr TfO HO N O Me tBu O N O2.3.2.1b). 58 O O OH Me iPr NC PMB NH 2 Scheme 2.3.2.1b O H

Gilley, Cynthia Brooke

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Synthesis of nucleoside analogues and fluorescent labels for DNA sequencing and other applications in biotechnology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

]pyrimidine (7) in 40 % yield after recrystallisation from ethyl acetate. Scheme 2.1. Synthesis of 4-Chloro-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidine OEt Br OEt OEt OEt N N OH HS NH 2 OEt NC O N O HN N H N N N H OH OEt OEt N N OH NH 2 EtO OEt COOEt CN N N N H Cl K 2...

Predescu, Mihaela Narcisa

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Publications New NM FS Scientific Reports Published  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gulf of Mexico estuarine inventory and study- Texas: Area description." September 1975. 129 p. ABSTRACT and benthic properties; pop- ulations and economic development; pollution; and navigation projects hunting. Pollution from domestic and in- dustrial sources has forced the closing of about 325,090 acres

471

Wavelength (nm) 300 400 500 600 700  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to a dye can be used to boost photovoltaic efficiency. In our lab continuing effort is put into the design in the development of more efficient polymer materials for organic solar cells. Introduction Organic photovoltaics. This also explains the increased efficiency of the AJ assembly compared to J. J efficiently transfers energy

472

NM, East Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProved ReservesFeet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayYear Monthly Annual530 474 523 507

473

NM, West Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProved ReservesFeet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayYear Monthly Annual530 474

474

Design of a self-aligned, wide temperature range (300 mK-300 K) atomic force microscope/magnetic force microscope with 10 nm magnetic force microscope resolution  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe the design of a wide temperature range (300 mK-300 K) atomic force microscope/magnetic force microscope with a self-aligned fibre-cantilever mechanism. An alignment chip with alignment groves and a special mechanical design are used to eliminate tedious and time consuming fibre-cantilever alignment procedure for the entire temperature range. A low noise, Michelson fibre interferometer was integrated into the system for measuring deflection of the cantilever. The spectral noise density of the system was measured to be ?12 fm/?Hz at 4.2 K at 3 mW incident optical power. Abrikosov vortices in BSCCO(2212) single crystal sample and a high density hard disk sample were imaged at 10 nm resolution to demonstrate the performance of the system.

Karc?, zgr [NanoMagnetics Instruments Ltd., Hacettepe - ?vedik OSB Teknokent, 1368. Cad., No: 61/33, 06370, Yenimahalle, Ankara (Turkey); Department of Nanotechnology and Nanomedicine, Hacettepe University, Beytepe, 06800 Ankara (Turkey); Dede, Mnir [NanoMagnetics Instruments Ltd., Hacettepe - ?vedik OSB Teknokent, 1368. Cad., No: 61/33, 06370, Yenimahalle, Ankara (Turkey); Oral, Ahmet, E-mail: orahmet@metu.edu.tr [Department of Physics, Middle East Technical University, 06800 Ankara (Turkey)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

475

Sub-250?nm low-threshold deep-ultraviolet AlGaN-based heterostructure laser employing HfO{sub 2}/SiO{sub 2} dielectric mirrors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report a sub-250-nm, optically pumped, deep-ultraviolet laser using an Al{sub x}Ga{sub 1?x}N-based multi-quantum-well structure grown on a bulk Al-polar c-plane AlN substrate. TE-polarization-dominant lasing action was observed at room temperature with a threshold pumping power density of 250?kW/cm{sup 2}. After employing high-reflectivity SiO{sub 2}/HfO{sub 2} dielectric mirrors on both facets, the threshold pumping power density was further reduced to 180?kW/cm{sup 2}. The internal loss and threshold modal gain can be calculated as 2?cm{sup ?1} and 10.9?cm{sup ?1}, respectively.

Kao, Tsung-Ting; Liu, Yuh-Shiuan; Mahbub Satter, Md.; Li, Xiao-Hang; Lochner, Zachary; Douglas Yoder, P.; Detchprohm, Theeradetch; Dupuis, Russell D.; Shen, Shyh-Chiang, E-mail: shyh.shen@ece.gatech.edu; Ryou, Jae-Hyun [School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, 777 Atlantic Dr. NW, Atlanta, Georgia 30332-0250 (United States)] [School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, 777 Atlantic Dr. NW, Atlanta, Georgia 30332-0250 (United States); Fischer, Alec M.; Wei, Yong; Xie, Hongen; Ponce, Fernando A. [Department of Physics, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287-1504 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287-1504 (United States)

2013-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

476

Total reflection inelastic x-ray scattering from a 10 nm thick La{sub 0.6}Sr{sub 0.2}CoO{sub 3} thin film.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To study equilibrium changes in composition, valence, and electronic structure near the surface and into the bulk, we demonstrate the use of a new approach, total-reflection inelastic x-ray scattering, as a sub-keV spectroscopy capable of depth profiling chemical changes in thin films with nanometer resolution. By comparing data acquired under total x-ray reflection and penetrating conditions, we are able to separate the O K-edge spectra from a 10 nm La{sub 0.6}Sr{sub 0.4}CoO{sub 3} thin film from that of the underlying SrTiO{sub 3} substrate. With a smaller wavelength probe than comparable soft x-ray absorption measurements, we also describe the ability to easily access dipole-forbidden final states, using the dramatic evolution of the La N{sub 4,5} edge with momentum transfer as an example.

Fister, T. T.; Fong, D. D.; Eastman, J. A.; Iddir, H.; Zapol, P.; Fuoss, P. H.; Balasubramanian, M.; Gordon, R. A.; Balasubramaniam, K. R.; Salvador, P. A.; Simon Fraser Univ.; Carnegie Mellon Univ.

2011-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

477

High multi-photon visible upconversion emissions of Er{sup 3+} singly doped BiOCl microcrystals: A photon avalanche of Er{sup 3+} induced by 980?nm excitation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Under 980?nm excitation, high multi-photon upconversion (UC) emission from the {sup 2}H{sub 11/2}/{sup 4}S{sub 3/2} (green) and {sup 4}F{sub 9/2} (red) levels of Er{sup 3+} ions were observed from Er{sup 3+} singly doped BiOCl microcrystals. These high-energy excited states were populated by a three to ten photon UC process conditionally, which depended on the pump power density and the Er{sup 3+} ion doping concentration, characterizing as a hetero-looping enhanced energy transfer avalanche UC process. UC emission lifetime and Raman analysis suggest that the unusual UC phenomena are initiated by the new and intense phonon vibration modes of BiOCl lattices due to Er{sup 3+} ions doping.

Li, Yongjin; Song, Zhiguo, E-mail: songzg@kmust.edu.cn; Li, Chen; Wan, Ronghua; Qiu, Jianbei; Yang, Zhengwen; Yin, Zhaoyi; Yang, Yong; Zhou, Dacheng; Wang, Qi [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650093 (China)] [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650093 (China)

2013-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

478

The Estimation of the Effective Reproductive Number from Disease Outbreak Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Triangle Park, NC 27709-4006 2 Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Arizona State University, P.O. Box Alamos National Laboratory, Mail Stop B284, Los Alamos, NM 87545 4 Biomathematics Graduate Program

479

Structures and Energetics of Some Potential Intermediates in Titanium Nitride Chemical Vapor Deposition: TiClm(NH2)n, TiClm(NH2)nNH, and TiClm(NH2)nN. An ab Initio  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Structures and Energetics of Some Potential Intermediates in Titanium Nitride Chemical Vapor with these basis sets augmented by multiple sets of polarization and diffuse functions using the B3LYP optimized geometries. Bond dissociation energies, heats of atomization, heats of formation, and entropies have been

Schlegel, H. Bernhard

480

Dendritic Anion Hosts: Perchlorate Uptake by G5-NH2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

may limit their utilization in drinking water treatment. Reverse osmosis (RO), nanofiltration (NF), and electrodialysis (ED) are also not cost-effective or efficient at recovering perchlorate from contaminated water

Goddard III, William A.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nh nm nc" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

ARSENIC IN PRIVATE WELLS IN NH YEAR 1 FINAL REPORT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

performed geospatial analysis of the well water arsenic estimates and survey results and produced the maps .................................................................................................. 7 Well water quality...................................................................................................... 7 Well water testing

Bucci, David J.

482

PORTSMOUTH HARBOR AND PISCATAQUA RIVER, NH & ME NAVIGATION IMPROVEMENT PROJECT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the terminals located above Interstate 95. Cargoes include petroleum fuels, cement, gypsum, and liquid propane. The study evaluated project benefits based on reduction in transportation costs generated from a shift. The Recommended Plan will generate significant economic benefits for the nation, and is the National Economic

US Army Corps of Engineers

483

NH 4-H Youth Group Enrollment Form Name of Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Yes No Farm Rural Town 10K-50K Suburb City 50K+ Hispanic Non-Hispanic White White Black Black American - ATV's (NSE1) Other Science /Technology (MST1) Woodworking (MWW1) Wind Power (MWP1) GPS (MGP1) Electricity/Energy (MEL1) Computers (MCS1) Bicycle Safety (MBS1) Aerospace & Rocketry (MAR1) Science

New Hampshire, University of

484

Lead Screening for NH Soils: Minimizing Health Risks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

family. On your soil test report, if the lead screening levels are elevated, you will receive in populated areas include the use of lead paint around homes (pre- 1970s), the use of lead-arsenate for pest does a "lead screening" test that indicates whether or not lead could pose a health risk for your

New Hampshire, University of

485

NH 4-H Leader Enrollment Form County Club Name  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: **************************************************************************************************************************************** New Hampshire 4-H Project List E-Mail Address Residence: Please check all projects you are planning to select county office below) University of New Hampshire Cooperative Extension is an equal opportunity1) Swine (ASW1) Veterinary Science (AVS1) Citizenship Community Service (CCS1) Citizenship (CCZ1

New Hampshire, University of

486

Pittsburg, NH Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars per  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2007 10,998 9,933 10,998 10,643 10,998through 1996)DecadeYear Jan670,174 674,124 687,784Thousand Cubic

487

Pittsburg, NH Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars per  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2007 10,998 9,933 10,998 10,643 10,998through 1996)DecadeYear Jan670,174 674,124 687,784Thousand

488

aphanizomenon sp nh-5: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

July 2004 U.S. Department of Commerce Donald L. Evans 58 Solar Physics & Space Plasma Research Center (SP2RC) Geosciences Websites Summary: Solar Physics & Space Plasma...

489

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- R Brew Co - NH 01  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofof EnergyYou are herePAOsborne Co -0-19Gas

490

Pittsburg, NH Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from Canada  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S.30Natural Gas,095,3628,527Price (Percent)thePrice2,177.8Table

491

The effects of NH4 on growth, resource  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Phragmites australis and Glyceria maxima Edita Tylova-Munzarova a,*, Bent Lorenzen b , Hans Brix b , Olga kinetics of two common helophytes Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steudel and Glyceria maxima (Hartm of 34 mM the growth rate of Phragmites was not affected by the N form (mean RGR = 35.4 mg g?1 d?1

Brix, Hans

492

U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Energy Outlook...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

2013 Regional maps Figure F6. Coal supply regions WA ID OR CA NV UT TX OK AR MO LA MS AL GA FL TN SC NC KY VA WV WY CO SD ND MI MN WI IL IN OH MD PA NJ DE CT MA NH VT NY ME RI...

493

U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Energy Outlook...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Coal supply regions Figure F6. Coal Supply Regions WA ID OR CA NV UT TX OK AR MO LA MS AL GA FL TN SC NC KY VA WV WY CO SD ND MI MN WI IL IN OH MD PA NJ DE CT MA NH VT NY ME RI...

494

U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Energy Outlook...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2012 Regional maps Figure F6. Coal supply regions WA ID OR CA NV UT TX OK AR MO LA MS AL GA FL TN SC NC KY VA WV WY CO SD ND MI MN WI IL IN OH MD PA NJ DE CT MA NH VT NY ME RI...

495

Effect of the photon lifetime on the characteristics of 850-nm vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with fully doped distributed Bragg reflectors and an oxide current aperture  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of the photon lifetime in an optical microcavity on the characteristics of 850-nm vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) with fully doped distributed Bragg reflectors (DBRs) and an oxide current aperture is studied. The photon lifetime in the microcavity is controlled by varying the upper DBR reflectance. It is found that the speed of VCSELs with a current-aperture diameter of 10 ?m is mainly limited by the self-heating effect, despite an increase in the relaxation-oscillation damping coefficient with increasing photon lifetime in the microcavity. At the same time, the higher level of internal optical loss in lasers with a current-aperture diameter of 1.5 ?m leads to dominance of the effect of relaxation-oscillation damping independently of the radiation output loss. In the case of devices with a current-aperture diameter of 5.5 ?m, both mechanisms limiting the speed operate, which allow an increase in the VCSEL effective modulation frequency from 21 to 24 GHz as the photon lifetime decreases from 3.7 to 0.8 ps.

Bobrov, M. A.; Blokhin, S. A., E-mail: blokh@mail.ioffe.ru; Kuzmenkov, A. G.; Maleev, N. A. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute (Russian Federation); Blokhin, A. A. [Saint Petersburg State Polytechnical University (Russian Federation); Zadiranov, Yu. M. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute (Russian Federation); Nikitina, E. V. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Saint Petersburg Academic UniversityNanotechnology Research and Education Center (Russian Federation); Ustinov, V. M. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute (Russian Federation)

2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

496

Kinetic-energy-angle differential distribution of photofragments in multiphoton above-threshold dissociation of D{sub 2}{sup +} by linearly polarized 400-nm intense laser fields: Effects of highly excited electronic states  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have performed a detailed calculation of the double-differential angular-kinetic-energy distribution of photofragments in above threshold dissociation (ATD) of D{sub 2}{sup +} from initial vibrational-rotational levels v{sub i}=4,5 and J{sub i}=0,1 in an intense linearly polarized laser field of wavelength 400 nm and intensity 3x10{sup 13} W/cm{sup 2}. The calculation used a time-independent close-coupling (CC) formalism with eight (ten) electronic states included in the basis-set expansion of the molecular wave function. The molecular electronic states included, apart from the two lowest 1s{sigma}{sub g} and 2p{sigma}{sub u} states, were 2p{pi}{sub u}{sup {+-}}, 2s{sigma}{sub g}, 3p{sigma}{sub u}, 3d{sigma}{sub g}, 3d{pi}{sub g}{sup {+-}}, and 4f{sigma}{sub u}. All the higher electronic states dissociate to the atomic state D(2l). A sufficient number of photon absorption channels, n=0-7, and molecular rotational quantum numbers J=0-11 were taken into account to ensure the convergence of the multiphoton ATD probability. Altogether 198 coupled channels had to be considered in the calculation. The calculations reveal signatures of significant ejection of the photodissociation fragments away from the laser polarization direction due to the inclusion of the higher excited electronic states. The ratio of the photofragments perpendicular to and along the polarization axis shows good quantitative agreement with the experimental result. The angular distributions show considerable structures depending on the relative kinetic energies of the photofragments, and the fragments with different kinetic energies show peaks at different dissociation angles.

Khan, Basir Ahamed; Saha, Samir; Bhattacharyya, S. S. [Atomic and Molecular Physics Section, Department of Materials Science, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Jadavpur, Kolkata 700 032 (India)

2006-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

497

An analytical method for simultaneously assessing biological and physical barriers of the rat intestinal mucosa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Arrows indicate the product-ion that was selected in each case for subsequent quantitative (MRM) analyses. Predicted fragment-structure for atenololwas rationalized based on exact mass measurements (145.0653; C10H9O, 4.5 ppm) whereas predicted... fragment-structure for verpamil and norverapamil were obtained from the literature (9,10). H+ NH NC CH3CH3 CH3 O O CH3 CH3 O O CH3 m/z 165 H+ CH3 N NC CH3CH3 CH3 O O CH3 CH3 O O CH3 m/z 165 A B C m/z 145 m/z 165 m/z 165O + O NH CH3 CH3 NH2 O OH H+ PLASMA...

Mudra, D. R.; Borchardt, Ronald T.

2006-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

498

WAVELENGTH CONVERSION OVER A 50nm INPUT AND 21nm OUTPUT WAVELENGTH RANGE USING A MONOLITHICALLY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with the device soldered on a gold plated copper mount and cooled to 17°C using a thermo-electric cooler. Light tuning range are shown in Figure 2a). A typical electrical extinction of the device for high MZI-SOA bias

Coldren, Larry A.

499

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Bayo Canyon NM Site - NM 01  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

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500

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Chupadera Mesa NM Site - NM 04  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofof EnergyYou areDowntown Site -MiamiYVEBurris ParkAlaskaSouth