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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "newton jasper polk" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Jasper-Newton Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jasper-Newton Elec Coop, Inc Jasper-Newton Elec Coop, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Jasper-Newton Elec Coop, Inc Place Texas Utility Id 9668 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location SERC NERC ERCOT Yes NERC SERC Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Churches and Schools Service Commercial Farm and Home Services Residential General Service Commercial Large Power Service Industrial Security Lighting-100 W high pressure sodium Lighting Security Lighting-150 W high pressure sodium Lighting Security Lighting-400 W high pressure sodium Lighting

2

HYPERELLIPTIC CURVES IN CHARACTERISTIC 2 JASPER SCHOLTEN AND HUI JUNE ZHU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HYPERELLIPTIC CURVES IN CHARACTERISTIC 2 JASPER SCHOLTEN AND HUI JUNE ZHU Abstract. In this paper. Supersingular curve, hyperelliptic curve, Newton polygon. 1 #12;2 JASPER SCHOLTEN AND HUI JUNE ZHU Section 2

Zhu, Hui June

3

Jasper County Comprehensive Plan Adoption Draft  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jasper County Comprehensive Plan Adoption Draft Comprehensive Plan Jasper County, IN #12;#12;Table Mandate.......................................vii Jasper County's Fulfillment of the Mandate of Major Needs for Jasper County ...............5 Additional Opportunities

4

Unsaturated Zone Hydrology Jasper Vrugt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CEE 271 Unsaturated Zone Hydrology Instructor Jasper Vrugt Engineering Tower #834E / #536 (LAB) Tel.: 505-231-2698 jasper @uci.edu Office Hours: By Appointment Lecture, 1 hour; discussion, 20 minutes: ICS

Vrugt, Jasper A.

5

Seeking Mountains Field Trip Jasper National Park  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seeking Mountains Field Trip Jasper National Park December 14-15, 2012 Jasper National Park of Jasper is one of only four communities located in a Canadian national park. We have arranged a special. The field trip includes as follows: a welcome reception at the Jasper Yellowhead Museum and Archives

MacMillan, Andrew

6

Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve Annual Report 200405  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve Annual Report 2004­05 #12;The mission of Jasper Ridge Biological, and protection of the preserve's resources. #12;1 T HIS IS THE BEGINNING of a new era for me and for Jasper Ridge. 2006 is the start of my fourth decade of association with the preserve. For 30 years, Jasper Ridge has

7

Jasper A. Vrugt University of California, Irvine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jasper A. Vrugt University of California, Irvine Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering 4130 of Amsterdam, The Netherlands Voice: (949) 824-4515 Fax: (949) 824-3672 Email: jasper@uci.edu WWW: jasper/00­6/04 University of California, Davis Visiting Ph.D. student, 5/03­7/03 #12;Jasper A. Vrugt 2 University of Arizona

Mease, Kenneth D.

8

Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve Annual Report 200607  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve Annual Report 2006­07 #12;Contents From the Faculty Director............................................36 The mission of Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve is to contribute to the understanding of the Earth-quality research, like that conducted at Jasper Ridge, is the foundation for the success of the IPCC. Jasper Ridge

9

BROUWER'S FIXED POINT THEOREM JASPER DEANTONIO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BROUWER'S FIXED POINT THEOREM JASPER DEANTONIO Abstract. In this paper we prove Brouwer's Fixed be used to make three sequences which all have p as their limit point. Date: July 27, 2009. 1 #12;2 JASPER

May, J. Peter

10

Merging Models With Data Jasper Vrugt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CEE 290 Merging Models With Data Instructor Jasper Vrugt Engineering Tower #844E / #536 (LAB) Tel.: 505-231-2698 jasper @uci.edu Office Hours: 4-5 PM; Mo, We Lecture, 1 hour; discussion, 20 minutes: DBH

Vrugt, Jasper A.

11

Jasper A. Vrugt University of California, Irvine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jasper A. Vrugt University of California, Irvine Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering 4130 of Amsterdam, The Netherlands Voice: (949) 824-4515 Fax: (949) 824-3672 Email: jasper@uci.edu WWW: www.eng.uci.edu/users/jasper/00­6/04 University of California, Davis Visiting Ph.D. student, 5/03­7/03 #12;Jasper A. Vrugt 2 University of Arizona

George, Steven C.

12

Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve Annual Report 200708  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve Annual Report 2007­08 #12;Contents From the Faculty Director In Memoriam............................................33 The mission of Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve, and all of us need skills and information, as well as the ability Jasper Ridge is justifiably famous

13

Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve Annual Report 200809  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve Annual Report 2008­09 #12;Contents From the Faculty Director.....................27 Staff, endnotes, and credits......................29 The mission of Jasper Ridge Biological, and protection of the preserve's resources. #12;1 Jasper Ridge is a remarkable treasure. I know I speak

Fukami, Tadashi

14

Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve Annual Report 200506  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve Annual Report 2005­06 #12;Contents From the Faculty Director In Memoriam............................................33 The mission of Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve to this very special place. My primary connection with Jasper Ridge is still as a researcher, but in the past

15

Research into wildlife/vehicle collisions in Jasper National Park  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that have been used in Jasper National Park is also providedVEHICLE COLLISIONS IN JASPER NATIONAL PARK Jim Bertwistle (M.Sc. , National Park Warden, Jasper National Park, Box 10

Bertwistle, Jim

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Mosquito Report for Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Page 1 Mosquito Report for Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve S a n M a t e o C o u n t y M o s q u i works with Stanford University and the staff of the Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve (JRBP) to control of the work done at this site and its results to date. The Need for Mosquito Control at Jasper Ridge

17

Jasper Wind | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jasper Wind Jasper Wind Place Athens, Greece Sector Solar, Wind energy Product Athens-based wind and solar project developer. Coordinates 37.97615°, 23.736415° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.97615,"lon":23.736415,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

18

Village of Polk, Nebraska (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Polk, Nebraska (Utility Company) Polk, Nebraska (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name Village of Polk Place Nebraska Utility Id 15346 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial Commercial Residential Residential Average Rates Residential: $0.1080/kWh Commercial: $0.0997/kWh Industrial: $0.1060/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Village_of_Polk,_Nebraska_(Utility_Company)&oldid=412060

19

Jasper Procurement, Trade, and Control in Orange County: Comments and Observations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INY-372). MS in preparation. Jasper Procurement, Trade, andquestion of prehistoric jasper pro- curement/trade/control.conventional wisdom that jasper recovered from Orange County

Koerper, Henry C; Ericson, Jonathon E; Fife, Donald L; Shackley, M Steven; Singer, Clay A; Minch, John A

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Clearwater-Polk Elec Coop Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Clearwater-Polk Elec Coop Inc Clearwater-Polk Elec Coop Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Clearwater-Polk Elec Coop Inc Place Minnesota Utility Id 3764 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial - Generator Commercial Commercial - Large Power Commercial Commercial - Three Phase Commercial Electric Dual Heat Residential Electric Dual Heat Short Term Rate Residential Residential Residential Security Lights - Metered Lighting Security Lights - Unmetered Lighting Average Rates Residential: $0.0958/kWh

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "newton jasper polk" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Polk-Burnett Electric Coop | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Polk-Burnett Electric Coop Polk-Burnett Electric Coop Jump to: navigation, search Name Polk-Burnett Electric Coop Place Wisconsin Utility Id 15344 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Off-Peak Dual Fuel Energy Commercial Off-Peak Interruptible Energy Commercial Off-Peak Storage Energy Commercial Residential, Seasonal-Single Phase Residential Residential, Seasonal-Three Phase Residential Seasonal, Commercial-Single Phase Commercial Seasonal, Commercial-Three Phase Commercial Security Lights 100-175W Security Light Lighting

22

Joint Actinide Shock Physics Experimental Research - JASPER  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Commonly known as JASPER the Joint Actinide Shock Physics Experimental Research facility is a two stage light gas gun used to study the behavior of plutonium and other materials under high pressures, temperatures, and strain rates.

None

2015-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

23

Joint Actinide Shock Physics Experimental Research - JASPER  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Commonly known as JASPER the Joint Actinide Shock Physics Experimental Research facility is a two stage light gas gun used to study the behavior of plutonium and other materials under high pressures, temperatures, and strain rates.

None

2014-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

24

FOR ASSESSING ROOM ACOUSTICS Jasper van Dorp Schuitman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AUDITORY MODELLING FOR ASSESSING ROOM ACOUSTICS Jasper van Dorp Schuitman #12;Auditory modelling Promoties, in het openbaar te verdedigen op donderdag 15 september 2011 om 10:00 uur door Jasper VAN DORP

25

THE TURING DEGREES AND THEIR LACK OF LINEAR JASPER DEANTONIO  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE TURING DEGREES AND THEIR LACK OF LINEAR ORDER JASPER DEANTONIO Abstract. This paper is a study, 2010. 1 #12;2 JASPER DEANTONIO · Tape Symbols S = {s1, s2, s3, ..., sn}: These symbols are the only

May, J. Peter

26

Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve Annual Report 2000 -01 Stanford University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve Annual Report 2000 - 01 · Stanford University #12;The mission of Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve is to contribute to the understanding of the Earth's natural sys- tems previously unmet Jasper Ridge needs, but also represents our ef- fort to lighten the load we place

27

Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve Annual Report 2009-10  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve Annual Report 2009-10 #12;Contents From the Faculty Director;1 Jasper Ridge is an amazing asset -- not only for Stanford, but also for the local community and the scientific world. Combin- ing aspects of laboratory, classroom, nature preserve, park, and spiritual retreat,Jasper

Fukami, Tadashi

28

Fire History in Coast Redwood Stands in San Mateo County Parks and Jasper Ridge,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fire History in Coast Redwood Stands in San Mateo County Parks and Jasper Ridge, Santa Cruz locations were included in this study, Stanford Universities Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve (Jasper Ridge

Standiford, Richard B.

29

EIS-0210: Tampa Electric Company-Polk Power Station (Adopted)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency prepared this statement to fulfill its National Environmental Policy Act requirements with respect to the potential issuance of a permit to the Tampa Electric Company under the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System for the 1,150-MW Polk Power Station, a new pollutant source. The U.S. Department of Energy served as a cooperating agency in the development of this document due to its potential role to provide cost-shared financial assistance for a 260-MW Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle unit at the Power Station under its Clean Coal Technology Demonstration Project, and adopted the document by August 1994.

30

Improved evolutionary optimization from genetically adaptive multimethod search Jasper A. Vrugt, and Bruce A. Robinson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Improved evolutionary optimization from genetically adaptive multimethod search Jasper A. Vrugt evolutionary optimization from genetically adaptive multimethod search Jasper A. Vrugt* and Bruce A. Robinson

Vrugt, Jasper A.

31

Jasper, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jasper, Minnesota: Energy Resources Jasper, Minnesota: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 43.8499711°, -96.3986493° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.8499711,"lon":-96.3986493,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

32

Some factors affecting the winter range of Jasper National Park.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Recent studies by Dr. I. McT. Cowan in Jasper National Park have revealed that many of the winter game ranges of the Park are heavily (more)

Pfeiffer, Egbert Wheeler

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Jasper Seamount: Seven million years of volcanism  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Jasper Seamount is a young, mid-sized (690 km{sup 3}) oceanic intraplate volcano located about 500 km west-southwest of San Diego, California. Reliable {sup 40}Ar/{sup 39}Ar age data were obtained for several milligram-sized samples of 4 to 10 Ma plagioclase by using a defocused laser beam to clean the samples before fusion. Gee and Staudigel suggested that Jasper Seamount consists of a transitional to tholeiitic shield volcano formed by flank transitional series lavas, overlain by flank alkalic series lavas and summit alkalic series lavas. Twenty-nine individual {sup 40}Ar/{sup 39}Ar laser fusion analyses on nine samples confirm the stratigraphy: 10.3-10.0 Ma for the flank transitonal series, 8.7-7.5 Ma for the flank alkalic series, and 4.8-4.1 Ma for the summit alkalic series. The alkalinity of the lavas clearly increases with time, and there appear to be 1 to 3 m.y. hiatuses between each series. The age data are consistent with the complex magnetic anomaly of Jasper; however the dominant reversed polarity inferred from the anomaly suggests that most of the seamount formed at ca. 11 Ma, prior to the onset of Chron C5N. The duration of volcanism of Jasper Seamount is slightly longer than the duration of volcanism at Hawaiian volcanoes, suggesting that individual age data from seamounts may constrain the age of a seamount only to within about 7 m.y. unless the stage of volcanism can be unambiguously determined. Extrapolating from the results of our study, similar precision in age determinations should be possible on 50 mg of 1 Ma plagioclase from mid-ocean ridge basalt, opening new possibilities in the geochronology of young, low-potassium volcanic rocks.

Pringle, M.S. (Geological Survey, Menlo Park, California (USA)); Staudigel, H.; Gee, J. (Scripps Institution of Oceanography, LaJolla, California (USA))

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Jasper County REMC - Residential Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Jasper County REMC - Residential Residential Energy Efficiency Jasper County REMC - Residential Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Jasper County REMC - Residential Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Program Info State Indiana Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Refrigerator Recycling: $35 Heat Pump Water Heater: $400 Air-Source Heat Pumps: $250 - $1,500/unit (Power Moves rebate), $200 (REMC Bill Credit) Dual Fuel Heat Pumps: $1,500/unit Geothermal Heat Pumps: $1,500/unit (Power Moves rebate), $500 (REMC Bill Credit) Provider Jasper County REMC Jasper County REMC, in conjunction with Wabash Valley Power Association's Power Moves programs, offers a range of rebates to its residential

35

JASPER: An Eclipse Plug-In to Facilitate Software Maintenance Tasks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

JASPER: An Eclipse Plug-In to Facilitate Software Maintenance Tasks Michael J. Coblenz Computer, and code frag- ments. JASPER is a new system that allows users to collect rele- vant artifacts that JASPER will significantly reduce time spent on redundant navigations. In addition, JASPER will facili

Myers, Brad A.

36

JASPER COUNTY With 158 students and 367 alumni, there's no limit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

JASPER COUNTY With 158 students and 367 alumni, there's no limit to Gamecock pride in Jasper County.7% of population Graduate or professional degree 2.7% of population 158 NUMBER OF STUDENTS from Jasper County 2012) 13 NUMBER OF ALUMNI TEACHING in Jasper County (all campuses, fall 2012) 41 NUMBER OF DONORS

Almor, Amit

37

Polk County Rural Pub Pwr Dist | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

County Rural Pub Pwr Dist County Rural Pub Pwr Dist Jump to: navigation, search Name Polk County Rural Pub Pwr Dist Place Nebraska Utility Id 15188 Utility Location Yes Ownership P NERC Location MRO Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Cabin Residential City of Stromsburg - CYC 3/REV 8 Commercial Commercial Elec Space Heating - One Phase Commercial Commercial Elec Space Heating - Three Phase Commercial General Service CYC 2/REV1 - Three Phase Residential General Service CYC/Rev1 - Single Phase Residential Irrigation CYC 1 - Five 1/2 day - Single Phase Industrial

38

Depositional environment of woodbine sandstones, Polk, Tyler and San Jacinto Counties, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 INTRODUCTION Prior to 1969, oil and gas production from Woodbine sandstones in Texas was restricted to updip areas well north of San Jacinto, Polk, and Tyler Counties (Figure 1). These older Woodbine reservoirs have been interpreted as fluvial... discovered gas fields in the largely shale, downdip Woodbine section in Polk and Tyler Counties as well as older, updip producing areas are shown. Modified from Nichols (1964) and Stehli et al (1972). Another stratigraphic investigation (Stehli et al...

Foss, Deane Campbell

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

39

Jasper County Rural E M C | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

County Rural E M C Jump to: navigation, search Name: Jasper County Rural E M C Place: Indiana References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1a1 EIA Form 861 Data...

40

Jasper Energy LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy LLC Energy LLC Place Harrison, New York Zip 10528 Sector Renewable Energy, Solar, Wind energy Product String representation "Jasper Energy L ... greenpower”)." is too long. Coordinates 35.10917°, -85.143009° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.10917,"lon":-85.143009,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "newton jasper polk" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

A Community Responds to Collective Trauma: An Ecological Analysis of the James Byrd Murder in Jasper, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

York: Wiley. City-Data.com. (2004). Jasper, Texas. Retrievedwww.city- data.com/city/Jasper-Texas.html. Drabek, T. E. (of small communities like Jasper Am J Community Psychol (

Wicke, Thomas; Silver, Roxane Cohen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Description and analysis of vehicle and train collisions with wildlife in Jasper National Park, Alberta Canada, 1951-1999  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

measures that have been used in Jasper National Park is alsoCOLLISIONS WITH WILDLIFE IN JASPER NATIONAL PARK, ALBERTANational Park Warden, Jasper National Park, 780-852-6235,

Bertwistle, Jim

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

"The Foundation for the Gator Nation An Equal Opportunity Institution" Polk County 4-H Camp Scholarship Application  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

"The Foundation for the Gator Nation An Equal Opportunity Institution" Polk County 4-H Camp Scholarship Application Partial scholarships are available from the Polk County 4-H Foundation. Youth, please? ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ Over #12;"The Foundation for the Gator Nation An Equal Opportunity Institution" Why do you consider

Jawitz, James W.

44

EA-1867: Scale-up of High-Temperature Syngas Cleanup Technology, Polk  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

7: Scale-up of High-Temperature Syngas Cleanup Technology, 7: Scale-up of High-Temperature Syngas Cleanup Technology, Polk County, Florida EA-1867: Scale-up of High-Temperature Syngas Cleanup Technology, Polk County, Florida Summary This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal to provide cost-shared funding to RTI International (RTI) for its proposed project to demonstrate the precommercial scale-up of RTI's high-temperature syngas cleanup and carbon capture and sequestration technologies. Public Comment Opportunities No public comment opportunities available at this time. Documents Available for Download October 13, 2011 EA-1867: Finding of No Significant Impact RTI International Scale-Up of High-Temperature Syngas Cleanup and Carbon Capture and Sequestration Technologies, Polk County, Florida (October 2011)

45

ORTHONORMAL DILATIONS OF NON-TIGHT FRAMES MARCIN BOWNIK, JOHN JASPER, AND DARRIN SPEEGLE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ORTHONORMAL DILATIONS OF NON-TIGHT FRAMES MARCIN BOWNIK, JOHN JASPER, AND DARRIN SPEEGLE Abstract and Riesz bounds are the same. Recently, Bownik and Jasper [3, Proposition 2.3] proved a dilation result

Scannell, Kevin Patrick

46

Automated Detection of Unusual Events on Stairs Jasper Snoek Jesse Hoey Liam Stewart Richard S. Zemel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Automated Detection of Unusual Events on Stairs Jasper Snoek Jesse Hoey Liam Stewart Richard S, Canada {jasper,jhoey,liam,zemel}@cs.toronto.edu Abstract This paper presents a method for automatically

Zemel, Richard

47

THE FIRST SLOPE CASE OF WAN'S CONJECTURE JASPER SCHOLTEN AND HUI JUNE ZHU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE FIRST SLOPE CASE OF WAN'S CONJECTURE JASPER SCHOLTEN AND HUI JUNE ZHU Abstract. Let d 2 and p, Hodge polygon, zeta and L functions over finite fields, Wan's Conjecture. 1 #12;2 JASPER SCHOLTEN

Zhu, Hui June

48

INEXACT KRYLOV SUBSPACE METHODS FOR LINEAR SYSTEMS # JASPER VAN DEN ESHOF + AND GERARD L. G. SLEIJPEN #  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INEXACT KRYLOV SUBSPACE METHODS FOR LINEAR SYSTEMS # JASPER VAN DEN ESHOF + AND GERARD L. G@math.uu.nl). 125 #12; 126 JASPER VAN DEN ESHOF AND GERARD L. G. SLEIJPEN decreases, the demands on the qualit

Sleijpen, Gerard

49

INEXACT KRYLOV SUBSPACE METHODS FOR LINEAR SYSTEMS JASPER VAN DEN ESHOF AND GERARD L. G. SLEIJPEN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INEXACT KRYLOV SUBSPACE METHODS FOR LINEAR SYSTEMS JASPER VAN DEN ESHOF AND GERARD L. G. SLEIJPEN@math.uu.nl). 125 #12;126 JASPER VAN DEN ESHOF AND GERARD L. G. SLEIJPEN decreases, the demands on the quality

Sleijpen, Gerard

50

manuscripta math. 114, 487501 (2004) Springer-Verlag 2004 Irene I. Bouw Claus Diem Jasper Scholten  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

manuscripta math. 114, 487­501 (2004) © Springer-Verlag 2004 Irene I. Bouw · Claus Diem · Jasper Arenberg 10, 3001 Leuven- Heverlee, Belgium. e-mail: jasper.scholten@esat.kuleuven.ac.be Mathematics

Diem, Claus

51

Real-Time Data Assimilation for Operational Ensemble Streamflow Forecasting JASPER A. VRUGT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Real-Time Data Assimilation for Operational Ensemble Streamflow Forecasting JASPER A. VRUGT Earth values must be specified (Table 1). Corresponding author address: Jasper Vrugt, Earth and Envi- ronmental

Vrugt, Jasper A.

52

SLOPE ESTIMATES OF ARTIN-SCHREIER CURVES JASPER SCHOLTEN AND HUI JUNE ZHU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SLOPE ESTIMATES OF ARTIN-SCHREIER CURVES JASPER SCHOLTEN AND HUI JUNE ZHU Abstract. Let X polygon, zeta and L functions over finite fields. 1 #12;2 JASPER SCHOLTEN AND HUI JUNE ZHU b) If p > 2d

Zhu, Hui June

53

Marshall Newton  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Marshall D. Newton Marshall D. Newton Senior Chemist Emeritus Chemistry Department Building 555 Brookhaven National Laboratory P.O. Box 5000 Upton, NY 11973-5000 Phone: (631) 344-4366 FAX: (631) 344-5815 e-mail Marshall D. Newton Named Senior Scientist Emeritus Thermal, Photo- and Radiation-Induced Reactions in Condensed Media Injection of Electrons and Holes into Nanostructures RESEARCH INTERESTS Mechanistic analysis of electron transfer kinetics: thermal and photoinitiated; intra- and intermolecular; homogeneous and interfacial. Calculation of nonequilibrium solvation thermodynamics for electron transfer ( free energies and entropies) using quantum chemical techniques, molecular-level force fields, and dielectric continuum models. Formulation of compact electronic state spaces for modeling electron transfer, using optical spectroscopic data

54

An Attack on a TraceZero Cryptosystem Claus Diem and Jasper Scholten  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Attack on a Trace­Zero Cryptosystem Claus Diem and Jasper Scholten Institut f?ur Experimentelle

Diem, Claus

55

JASPER: A PORTABLE FLEXIBLE OPEN-SOURCE SOFTWARE TOOL KIT FOR IMAGE CODING/PROCESSING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

JASPER: A PORTABLE FLEXIBLE OPEN-SOURCE SOFTWARE TOOL KIT FOR IMAGE CODING/PROCESSING Michael D Columbia Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z4, Canada E-mail: rababw@ece.ubc.ca ABSTRACT JasPer, a portable flexible open (such as JPEG 2000). JasPer is proving to be an extremely useful tool in a wide variety of applications

Adams, Michael D.

56

Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve Annual Report 2002-03 Stanford University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve Annual Report 2002-03 · Stanford University #12;The most basic into new opportunities. Jasper Ridge is faced with limits to growth and is susceptible to the strains Sedgwick, and Irene Brown; Nona Chiariello (Jasper Ridge Research Coordinator), as well as myself

57

Compositionality in Real-Time Model Checking Jasper Berendsen and Frits Vaandrager  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Compositionality in Real-Time Model Checking Jasper Berendsen and Frits Vaandrager Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen Laquso Lunch Colloquium, 8 november 2007 Jasper Berendsen and Vaandrager Compositionality Modules, etc, CCS, I/O automata, ACP, mCRL2, etc Lamport: "In reality there are only states" Jasper

Vaandrager, Frits

58

Eighty years of change: vegetation in the montane ecoregion of Jasper National Park, Alberta,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Eighty years of change: vegetation in the montane ecoregion of Jasper National Park, Alberta and dis- tribution in the montane ecoregion of Jasper National Park, in the Rocky Mountains of Alberta parc natio- nal de Jasper, situé dans les Montagnes Rocheuses en Alberta, au Canada. Une approche

Macdonald, Ellen

59

Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve Annual Report 2003-04 Stanford University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve Annual Report 2003-04 · Stanford University #12;The mission of Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve is to contribute to the understanding of the Earth's natural systems. For Jasper Ridge, that means understanding the urban presence of humans as an integral dimension

60

Citing NEWTON!  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

NEWTON Ask A Scientist program is not copyrighted formally. However, in any written work, a citation should be given to validate and give credence to the written work as well as credit the source of information. NEWTON Ask A Scientist program is not copyrighted formally. However, in any written work, a citation should be given to validate and give credence to the written work as well as credit the source of information. The best approach should follow the suggested formats below: MLA Format: APA Format: The MLA Style includes these components: Author's name. Title of document. Online posting date. Online posting. Name of the forum. Date of access ‹URL›. MLA Example: Trach, Bob. "What Is Nanotechnology?" Online posting. 19 Sept. 2003. NEWTON Ask a Scientist. 10 Jan. 2010 ‹http://www.newton.dep.anl.gov /askasci/chem03/chem03104.htm›. The APA Style includes these components: Author's name. (date of posting). Title of document. Message posted to URL

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "newton jasper polk" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

A DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM FOR SOIL PRODUCTIVITY AND EROSION POLK COUNTY, NEBRASKA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as part of a much broader ecological system. This development is expressed in the expanded concept of soilA DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM FOR SOIL PRODUCTIVITY AND EROSION IN POLK COUNTY, NEBRASKA A.E. Gadem1-based decision-support systems are powerful, new tools for assessing inherent soil productivity and potential

Reichenbach, Stephen E.

62

Methodology for the evaluation of a 4000-home geothermal heat pump retrofit at Fort Polk, Louisiana  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US Army and a private energy service company are developing a comprehensive energy efficiency project to upgrade the family housing at Fort Polk, Louisiana. The project includes converting the space conditioning systems of more than 4,000 housing units to geothermal (or ground-source) heat pumps (GHPs). This interim report describes the methodology of the evaluation associated with this project, including the field monitoring that has been conducted at the base.

Hughes, P.J.; Shonder, J.A.; White, D.L.; Huang, H.L.

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Plan of Action: JASPER Management Prestart Review (Surrogate Material Experiments)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) Joint Actinide Shock Physics Experimental Research (JASPER) Facility is being developed at the Nevada Test Site (NTS) to conduct shock physics experiments on special nuclear material and other actinide materials. JASPER will use a two-stage, light-gas gun to shoot projectiles at actinide targets. Projectile velocities will range from 1 to 8 km/s, inducing pressures in the target material up to 6 Mbar. The JASPER gas gun has been designed to match the critical dimensions of the two-stage, light-gas gun in Building 341 of LLNL. The goal in copying the LLNL gun design is to take advantage of the extensive ballistics database that exists and to minimize the effort spent on gun characterization in the initial facility start-up. A siting study conducted by an inter-Laboratory team identified Able Site in Area 27 of the NTS as the best location for the JASPER gas gun. Able Site consists of three major buildings that had previously been used to support the nuclear test program. In April 1999, Able Site was decommissioned as a Nuclear Explosive Assembly Facility and turned back to the DOE for other uses. Construction and facility modifications at Able Site to support the JASPER project started in April 1999 and were completed in September 1999. The gas gun and the secondary confinement chamber (SCC) were installed in early 2000. During the year, all facility and operational systems were brought on line. Initial system integration demonstrations were completed in September 2000. The facility is anticipated to be operational by August 2001, and the expected life cycle for the facility is 10 years. LLNL Nevada Experiments and Operations (N) Program has established a Management Prestart Review (MPR) team to determine the readiness of the JASPER personnel and facilities to initiate surrogate-material experiments. The review coincides with the completion of authorization-basis documents and physical subsystems, which have undergone appropriate formal engineering design reviews. This MPR will affirm the quality of those reviews, their findings/resolutions, and will look most closely at systems integration requirements and demonstrations that will have undergone technical acceptance reviews before the formal MPR action. Closure of MPR findings will finalize requirements for a DOE/NV Real Estate/Operations Permit (REOP) for surrogate-material experiments. Upon completion of that experiment series and the establishment of capabilities for incorporating SNM into future experiments, the team will convene again as part of the process of authorizing those activities.

Cooper, W.E.

2000-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

64

Plan of Action: JASPER Management Prestart Review (Surrogate Material Experiment)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) Joint Actinide Shock Physics Experimental Research (JASPER) Facility is being developed at the Nevada Test Site (NTS) to conduct shock physics experiments on special nuclear material and other actinide materials. JASPER will use a two-stage, light-gas gun to shoot projectiles at actinide targets. Projectile velocities will range from 1 to 8 km/s, inducing pressures in the target material up to 6 Mbar. The JASPER gas gun has been designed to match the critical dimensions of the two-stage, light-gas gun in Building 341 of LLNL. The goal in copying the LLNL gun design is to take advantage of the extensive ballistics database that exists and to minimize the effort spent on gun characterization in the initial facility start-up. A siting study conducted by an inter-Laboratory team identified Able Site in Area 27 of the NTS as the best location for the JASPER gas gun. Able Site consists of three major buildings that had previously been used to support the nuclear test program. In April 1999, Able Site was decommissioned as a Nuclear Explosive Assembly Facility and turned back to the DOE for other uses. Construction and facility modifications at Able Site to support the JASPER project started in April 1999 and were completed in September 1999. The gas gun and the secondary confinement chamber (SCC) were installed in early 2000. During the year, all facility and operational systems were brought on line. Initial system integration demonstrations were completed in September 2000. The facility is anticipated to be operational by August 2001, and the expected life cycle for the facility is 10 years. LLNL Nevada Experiments and Operations (N) Program has established a Management Prestart Review (MPR) team to determine the readiness of the JASPER personnel and facilities to initiate surrogate-material experiments. The review coincides with the completion of authorization-basis documents and physical subsystems, which have undergone appropriate formal engineering design reviews. This MPR will affirm the quality of those reviews, their findings/resolutions, and will look most closely at systems integration requirements and demonstrations that will have undergone technical acceptance reviews before the formal MPR action. Closure of MPR findings will finalize requirements for a DOE/NV Real Estate/Operations Permit (REOP) for surrogate-material experiments. Upon completion of that experiment series and the establishment of capabilities for incorporating SNM into future experiments, the team will convene again as part of the process of authorizing those activities.

Cooper, W E

2000-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

65

City of Jasper, Indiana (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jasper Jasper Place Indiana Utility Id 9667 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes ISO MISO Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png General Service Demand Commercial General Service Demand 2 Commercial General Service Small Commercial Municipal Street Light (100 W HPS) Lighting Municipal Street Light (1000 W HPS) Lighting Municipal Street Light (1000 W Mercury Vapor) Lighting Municipal Street Light (150 W HPS) Lighting Municipal Street Light (175 W Mercury Vapor) Lighting Municipal Street Light (250 W HPS) Lighting

66

Jasper County, Georgia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jasper County, Georgia: Energy Resources Jasper County, Georgia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 33.3246924°, -83.7199136° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.3246924,"lon":-83.7199136,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

67

Jasper: the Art of Exploration in Greedy Best First Search Fan Xie and Martin Mller and Robert Holte  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jasper: the Art of Exploration in Greedy Best First Search Fan Xie and Martin Müller and Robert restarts and randomization for better quality search. Jasper is a satisficing planner that builds on LAMA

Müller, Martin

68

JasPer: A Software-Based JPEG-2000 Codec Implementation Michael D. Adams and Faouzi Kossentini  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

JasPer: A Software-Based JPEG-2000 Codec Implementation Michael D. Adams and Faouzi Kossentini for Standardization (ISO). In this paper,we describe JasPer, one of the first implementations of this newly emerging

Adams, Michael D.

69

The Water School Planning Committee would like to thank all of our generous sponsors for their support of Polk County Water School 2012.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for their support of Polk County Water School 2012. Out-of-County Field Tour Session VI: May 24st , 2012 8:00 ­ 5 River and Charlotte Harbor (King Fisher Fleet, Punta Gorda, 941-639-2628) 1:30 Maran Hilgendorf, Charlotte Harbor Environmental Center Shannon McGee, Extension Agent, UF/IFAS Polk County Extension Return

Ma, Lena

70

Identification, Distribution, and Biology of Fire Ants in Texas.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Longview) Harris (Houston) Henderson (Athens) Jasper (Jasper) Jefferson (Port Arthur) Kimble Madison Matagorda Morris (Daingerfield) Navarro (Corsicana) Nolan (Sweetwater) Nueces (Corpus Christi) Orange (Orange) Parker (Weatherford) Polk...

Hung, Akey C.F.; Barlin, Margaret R.; Vinson, S. Bradleigh

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Implementation Plan: Jasper Management Prestart Review (Surrogate Material Experiments)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Able Site is located 24 km northwest of Mercury on the Nevada Test Site. The Nevada Test Site is approximately 105 km northwest of Las Vegas, NV. Major facilities at Able Site include Buildings 5100,5180, and 5191. Significant external interfaces for the JASPER site include the electrical system, wastewater system, communications systems, and water supply system, which provides both potable and fire-protection water. Support services, which are provided on the Nevada Test Site, include medical, emergency response (NTS Fire Department), radiation protection, industrial hygiene, and waste management. Although JASPER will ultimately be used for actinide research, the start-up process requires system demonstration using surrogates in place of the actinide targets. LLNL Nevada Experiments and Operations (N) Program has established a Management Prestart Review (MPR) team to determine the readiness of the JASPER personnel and facilities to initiate surrogate-material experiments. A second MPR will be conducted before actinide experiments are executed. This document addresses implementation requirements for only the first MPR. This first review coincides with the completion of authorization-basis documents and physical subsystems, which have undergone appropriate formal engineering design reviews. This MPR will affirm the quality of those reviews, their findings/resolutions, and will look most closely at systems integration requirements and demonstrations that will have undergone technical acceptance reviews before this formal MPR action. Closure of MPR findings will finalize requirements for a DOE/NV Real Estate/Operations Permit (REOP) for surrogate-material experiments. Upon completion of that experiment series and the establishment of capabilities for incorporating special nuclear material (SNM) into future experiments, the team will convene again as part of the process of authorizing those activities. A summary of the review schedule is provided.

Cooper, W.E.

2000-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

73

Marshall D. Newton Publications  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Marshall D. Newton Marshall D. Newton Recent Publications 138. Modeling Donor/Acceptor Interactions: Combined Roles of Theory and Computation M. D. Newton Int. J. Quant. Chem. 77, 255-263 (2000) 139. Estimation of Electron Transfer Distances from AM1 Calculations S. F. Nelson and M. D. Newton J. Phys. Chem. A104, 10023-31 (2000) 140. An Informative Subtlety of Temperature-Jump or Coulostatic Responses for Surface-Attached Species J. F. Smalley, M. D. Newton and S. W. Fledberg Electrochem. Commun. 2, 832-38 (2000) 141. Electron Transfer: Theoretical Models and Computational Implementation M. D. Newton In Electron Transfer in Chemistry, Vol I, Ed., V. Balzani .; Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH: Weinhein, Germany, 2001, p3 142. Adiabatic Interfacial Electron Transfer over 26 Å through

74

SAVANNAH HARBOR EXPANSION PROJECT CHATHAM COUNTY, GEORGIA AND JASPER COUNTY, SOUTH CAROLINA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SAVANNAH HARBOR EXPANSION PROJECT CHATHAM COUNTY, GEORGIA AND JASPER COUNTY, SOUTH CAROLINA 22 (Kings Island Turning Basin at Stations 98+500 to 100+500) 5 feet deeper (to an authorized navigation #12

US Army Corps of Engineers

75

Tampa Electric Company, Polk Power Station Unit No. 1, preliminary public design report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This preliminary Public Design Report (PDR) provides design information about Tampa Electric Company`s Polk Power Station Unit No. 1, which will demonstrate in a commercial 250 MW unit the benefits of the integration of oxygen-blown, entrained-flow coal gasification with advanced combined cycle technology. This project is partially funded by the US Department of Energy (DOE) under Round III of its Clean Coal Technology (CCT) Program under the provisions of Cooperative Agreement between DOE and Tampa Electric Company, novated on March 5,1992. The project is highlighted by the inclusion of a new hot gas cleanup system. DOE`s project management is based at its Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC) in West Virginia. This report is preliminary, and the information contained herein is subject to revision. Definitive information will be available in the final PDR, which will be published at the completion of detailed engineering.

NONE

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

The evaluation of a 4000-home geothermal heat pump retrofit at Fort Polk, Louisiana: Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents an independent evaluation of an energy retrofit of 4,003 family housing units at Fort Polk, Louisiana, under an energy savings performance contract (ESPC). Replacement of the heating, cooling, and water heating systems in these housing units with geothermal heat pumps (GHPs) anchored the retrofit; low-flow shower heads and compact fluorescent lighting were also installed, as well as attic insulation where needed. Statistically valid findings indicate that the project will save 25.8 million kWh, or 32.5% of the pre-retrofit whole-community electrical consumption, and 100% of the whole-community natural gas previously used for space conditioning and water heating (260,000 therms) in a typical meteorological year. At the end-use level, the GHPs were found to save about 42% of the pre-retrofit electrical consumption for heating, cooling, and water heating in housing units that were all-electric in the pre-retrofit period. This report also demonstrates an improved method of predicting energy savings. Using an engineering model calibrated to pre-retrofit energy use data collected in the field, the method predicted actual energy savings on one of the electric feeders at Fort Polk with a very high degree of accuracy. The accuracy of this model was in turn dependent on data-calibrated models of the geothermal heat pump and ground heat exchanger that are described in this report. In addition this report documents the status of vertical borehole ground heat exchanger (BHEx) design methods at the time this project was designed, and demonstrates methods of using data collected from operating GHP systems to benchmark BHEx design methods against a detailed engineering model calibrated to date. The authors also discuss the ESPC`s structure and implementation and how the experience gained here can contribute to the success of future ESPCs.

Hughes, P.J.; Shonder, J.A.

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

City of Jasper, Texas (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Texas Texas Utility Id 9664 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location SERC NERC SERC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Schedule 140-Residential service Residential Schedule 141-Commercial electrical service Commercial Schedule 142-Large light and power Commercial Schedule 143-Security lights Lighting Schedule 145-Industrial service Industrial Average Rates Residential: $0.1110/kWh Commercial: $0.1240/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=City_of_Jasper,_Texas_(Utility_Company)&oldid=409778

78

Liquid Metal Reactor Program: JASPER US/DOE/PNC Shielding Research Program : Technical progress report, April 1-May 31, 1987  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This progress report details activities on the JASPER Shielding Program for the time period of April 1, 1987 through May 31, 1987.

Ingersoll, D.T.; Engle, W.W.; Muckenthaler, F.J.; Slater, C.O.

1987-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

79

Optimized optomechanical crystal cavity with acoustic radiation shield Jasper Chan, Amir H. Safavi-Naeini, Jeff T. Hill, Sen Meenehan, and Oskar Painter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimized optomechanical crystal cavity with acoustic radiation shield Jasper Chan, Amir H. Safavi://apl.aip.org/about/rights_and_permissions #12;Optimized optomechanical crystal cavity with acoustic radiation shield Jasper Chan, Amir H. Safavi

Painter, Oskar

80

The NEWTON Archive  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

NEWTON Ask-A-Scientist - Archive Search NEWTON Ask-A-Scientist - Archive Search * If you need help with web-engine searching practices, please see our hints below. Loading... Please wait... * Want to do a general web search and compare with NEWTON, please click here! Archive Areas by Subject Astronomy Archive Astronomy Botany Archive Botany Chemistry Archive Chemistry Computer Science Archive Computer Science Engineering Archive Engineering Environmental and Earth Science Archive Environmental and Earth Science General Science Archive General Science Topics Material Science Archive Material Science Mathematics Archive Mathematics Molecular Biology Archive Molecular Biology Physics Archive Physics Veterinary Science Archive Veterinary Science Weather Archive Weather Zoology Archive Zoology

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "newton jasper polk" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Marshall D. Newton  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Marshall D. Newton Marshall D. Newton Picture of Marshall D. Newton Senior Chemist Mechanistic analysis of electron transfer kinetics: thermal and photoinitiated; intra- and intermolecular; homogeneous and interfacial. Calculation of nonequilibrium solvation thermodynamics for electron transfer ( free energies and entropies) using quantum chemical techniques, molecular-level force fields, and dielectric continuum models. Formulation of compact electronic state spaces for modeling electron transfer, using optical spectroscopic data Telephone #: (631) 344-4366 newton@bnl.gov B.A. Dartmouth College, 1961; M.A. Dartmough College, 1963; Ph.D. Harvard University, 1966 NSF Postdoctoral Fellow, Oxford University, Oxford, England, 1966-67; NIH Postdoctoral Fellow, Carnegie-Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, 1967-68;

82

Measurements for the JASPER Program Special Materials Experiment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Special Materials Experiment was conducted at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) during 1992 as the final experiment in a series of eight experiments conducted for the Japanese-American Shielding Program for Experimental Research (JASPER) program that started in 1986. This experiment completes the experimental program providing support for the development of current designs proposed for advanced liquid metal reactor (LMR) systems both in Japan and the United States. The Tower Shielding Reactor II (TSR-II) source was modified to provide a neutron spectrum that would be typical of that to be found both radially and axially surrounding the LMR core. The experimental program plan was divided into two phases. In phase I, the mockups consisted of stainless steel followed by slabs of polyethylene and zirconium. For phase II, the stainless steel and zirconium were eliminated, leaving only the different thicknesses of polyethylene. Integral neutron flux measurements were obtained behind each of the mockups accompanied by spectral measurements for each configuration except one.

Muckenthaler, F.J.; Spencer, R.R.; Hunter, H.T.; Hull, J.L. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Shono, A. [Power Reactor and Nuclear Fuel Development Corp., Oarai, Ibaraki (Japan). Oarai Engineering Center

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

LLNL Conducts First Plutonium Shot Using the JASPER Gas Gun | National  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Conducts First Plutonium Shot Using the JASPER Gas Gun | National Conducts First Plutonium Shot Using the JASPER Gas Gun | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > About Us > Our History > NNSA Timeline > LLNL Conducts First Plutonium Shot Using the ... LLNL Conducts First Plutonium Shot Using the JASPER Gas Gun July 08, 2003 Nevada Test Site, NV

84

Tampa Electric Company Polk Power Station Unit Number 1. Annual report, January--December, 1993  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report satisfies the requirements of Cooperative Agreement DE-FC21-91MC27363, novated as of March 5, 1992, to provide an annual update report on the year`s activities associated with Tampa Electric Company`s 250 MW IGCC demonstration project for the year 1993. Tampa Electric Company`s Polk Power Station Unit 1 (PPS-1) Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) demonstration project will use a Texaco pressurized, oxygen-blown, entrained-flow coal gasifier to convert approximately 2,000 tons per day of coal (dry basis) coupled with a combined cycle power block to produce a net 250 MW electrical power output. Approximately 50% of the raw, hot syngas is cooled to 900 F and passed through a moving bed of zinc-based sorbent which removes sulfur containing compounds from the syngas. The remaining portion of the raw, hot syngas is cooled to 400 F for conventional acid gas removal. Sulfur-bearing compounds from both cleanup systems are sent to a conventional sulfuric acid plant to produce a marketable, high-purity sulfuric acid by-product. The cleaned medium-BTU syngas from these processes is routed to the combined cycle power generation system where it is mixed with air and burned in the combustion section of the combustion turbine. Heat is extracted from the expanded exhaust gases in a heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) to produce steam at three pressure levels for use throughout the integrated process. A highly modular, microprocessor-based distributed control system (DCS) is being developed to provide continuous and sequential control for most of the equipment on PPS-1.

Not Available

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Environmental Assessment for the Design and Construction of a Fuel Ethanol Plant, Jasper County, Indiana DOE/EA 1517  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

517 517 ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT Design and Construction of a Proposed Fuel Ethanol Plant, Jasper County, Indiana April 2005 U.S. Department of Energy Golden Field Office 1617 Cole Blvd. Golden, CO 80401 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Environmental Assessment Design and Construction of a Proposed Fuel Ethanol Plant, Jasper County, Indiana TABLE OF CONTENTS ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS ...................................................................................................IV GLOSSARY ................................................................................................................................................ V UNITS OF MEASUREMENT ................................................................................................................. VII

86

Abstract for William Newton  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Newton Newton Texas A&M University - Commerce The physics and observational consequences of the neutron star crust-core boundary layer A neutron star, of order 10km in radius, is believed to have a mostly solid outer layer, the crust, about 1km thick, and a fluid core comprising the remaining depth to the center. The theoretical study of the properties of matter at the boundary layer between crust and core is crucial to understanding certain observational phenomena such as pulsar glitches, quasi-periodic oscillations in the X-ray tails of SGR light curves, and potential gravitational waves from neutron star oscillation modes and deviations from axial symmetry from material accreted onto the surface. I will introduce the various ingredients to such studies: nuclei and exotic

87

Observation of Quantum Motion of a Nanomechanical Resonator Amir H. Safavi-Naeini, Jasper Chan, Jeff T. Hill, Thiago P. Mayer Alegre, Alex Krause, and Oskar Painter*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-optomechanics" Jeff T. Hill,1 Amir H. Safavi-Naeini,1 Jasper Chan,1 and O. Painter1 1 Kavli Nanoscience Institute

Painter, Oskar

88

Estudo comparativo dos efeitos do tratamento da m ocluso de Classe II, 1 diviso com os aparelhos Jasper Jumper e Bionator, associados ao aparelho fixo.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar os efeitos do tratamento da m ocluso de Classe II, 1 diviso por meio dos aparelhos Jasper Jumper e (more)

Leniana Santos Neves

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

A Renegotiation of the Role of the Artist in the 1950s Era of Mechanical Reproduction: The Early Careers of Jasper Johns and Robert Rauschenberg.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Although Walter Benjamin argues printed materials are without traditional art authority or aura, Jasper Johns and Robert Rauschenbergs work exists in the tradition of (more)

Scoggins, Rebekah S

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) demonstration project, Polk Power Station -- Unit No. 1. Annual report, October 1993--September 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This describes the Tampa Electric Company`s Polk Power Station Unit 1 (PPS-1) Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) demonstration project which will use a Texaco pressurized, oxygen-blown, entrained-flow coal gasifier to convert approximately 2,300 tons per day of coal (dry basis) coupled with a combined cycle power block to produce a net 250 MW electrical power output. Coal is slurried in water, combined with 95% pure oxygen from an air separation unit, and sent to the gasifier to produce a high temperature, high pressure, medium-Btu syngas with a heat content of about 250 Btu/scf (LHV). The syngas then flows through a high temperature heat recovery unit which cools the syngas prior to its entering the cleanup systems. Molten coal ash flows from the bottom of the high temperature heat recovery unit into a water-filled quench chamber where it solidifies into a marketable slag by-product.

NONE

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

On multitemporal generalization of Newtons gravitational law  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A n-time generalization of Newtons law (of universal gravitation) formula in N = n + d+1-dimensional space-time is conjectured. This formula implies a relation for effective N-dimensional gravitational constant Geff = Gcos 2 ?, where ? is the angle between the direction of motion of two particles in n-dimensional time manifold R n. 1

V. D. Ivashchuk

92

Please cite this article in press as: Hart, S.J., Laroque, C.P., Searching for thresholds in climateradial growth rela-tionships of Engelmann spruce and subalpine fir, Jasper National Park, Alberta, Canada. Dendrochronologia (2012),  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in climate­radial growth rela- tionships of Engelmann spruce and subalpine fir, Jasper National Park, Alberta for thresholds in climate­radial growth relationships of Engelmann spruce and subalpine fir, Jasper National Park

Walters, Bradley B.

93

Cs-137 in the Savannah River and the Beaufort-Jasper and Port Wentworth water-treatment plants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cesium-137 concentration measurements made in 1965 are reported for the Savannah River above and below the Savannah River Plant (SRP) and for the Beaufort-Jasper and Port Wentworth water treatment plants down river. These concentrations, measured when four SRP reactors (C, K, L, and P) were operating, were used to estimate Cs-137 reduction ratios for transport in the Savannah River and across each water treatment plant. In 1965 there was a 48% reduction in the Cs-137 concentration in the Savannah River between Highway 301 and the water treatment plant inlet points. Measured Cs-137 values in the finished water from Port Wentworth and the Beaufort-Jasper water treatment plants showed an 80% and 98% reduction in concentration level, respectively, when compared to Cs-137 concentration at Highway 301. The lower Cs-137 concentration (0.04 pCi/l) in the Beaufort-Jasper finished water is attributed to dilution in the canal from inflow of surface water (40%) and sediment cleanup processes that take place in the open portions of the canal (about 17 to 18 miles). Using the 1965 data, maximum Cs-137 concentrations expected in finished water in the Beaufort-Jasper and Port Wentworth water treatment plants following L-Reactor startup were recalculated. The recalculated values are 0.01 and 0.09 pCi/l for Beaufort-Jasper and Port Wentworth, respectively, compared to the 1.05 pCi/l value in the Environmental Assessment.

Hayes, D.W.; Boni, A.L.

1983-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

94

Multidimensional shielding analysis of the JASPER in-vessel fuel storage experiments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The In-Vessel Fuel Storage (IVFS) experiments analyzed in this report were conducted at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory`s Tower Shielding Reactor (TSR) as part of the Japanese-American Shielding Program for Experimental Research (JASPER). These IVFS experiments were designed to study source multiplication and three-dimensional effects related to in-vessel storage of spent fuel elements in liquid metal reactor (LMR) systems. The present report describes the 2-D and 3-D models, analyses, and calculated results corresponding to a limited subset of those IVFS experiments in which the US LMR program has a particular interest.

Bucholz, J.A.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Health-hazard evaluation report HETA 84-476-1647, Kimball International Upholstered Products, Inc. , Jasper, Indiana  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electric- and magnetic-field strengths were measured around dielectric heaters to evaluate radiofrequency radiation (RFR) exposures at Kimball International Upholstered Products, Jasper, Indiana at the request of the Indiana State Board of Health. The heaters are used in the production of office-furniture subassemblies.

Murray, W.E.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

TO CHESTNUT HILL CAMPUS & NEWTON CENTRE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: The Boston College branch of the MBTA's "Green Line" (B) ends at the Boston-Newton boundary on Commonwealth

Huang, Jianyu

97

2011 NNSS JASPER ORR Activity Report _July 18-28, 2011_ final  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NNSS-2011-07-28 NNSS-2011-07-28 Site: Nevada National Security Site Subject: Office of Enforcement and Oversight's Office of Safety and Emergency Management Evaluations Activity Report for the Nevada National Security Site Operational Readiness Review of the Joint Actinide Shock Physics Experimental Research Facility Dates of Activity : 07/18/2011 - 07/28/2011 Report Preparer: William Macon Activity Description/Purpose: At the request of the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Service Center, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS) site lead for the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) participated in the NNSA Operational Readiness Review (ORR) of the Joint Actinide Shock Physics Experimental Research (JASPER) Facility Restart conducted on July 18-27, 2011.

98

Newton's gift to Roger Cotes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...lindahall.org Linda Hall Library of Science, Engineering...collection of the Wellcome Library, and it now seems a...engraving at the Linda Hall Library by John Simon after a...historical scenes on walls and public spaces. His portrait of Newton...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

23/05/2010 10:05Gut instinct: the miracle of the parasitic hookworm | Life and style | The Observer Page 1 of 6http://www.guardian.co.uk/lifeandstyle/2010/may/23/parasitic-hookworm-jasper-lawrence-tim-adams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Page 1 of 6http://www.guardian.co.uk/lifeandstyle/2010/may/23/parasitic-hookworm-jasper-lawrence-tim-adams Gut instinct: the miracle of the parasitic hookworm When Jasper Lawrence heard of a radical cure and there are hard sells. "If I were a charlatan," Jasper Lawrence tells me, "I would be flogging flower essences

Maizels, Rick

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

North Newton School Corp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Newton School Corp Newton School Corp Jump to: navigation, search Name North Newton School Corp Facility North Newton School Corp Sector Wind energy Facility Type Community Wind Facility Status In Service Owner North Newton School Corp Developer Performance Services Energy Purchaser Net-metered Location Morocco IN Coordinates 41.03259745°, -87.42682815° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.03259745,"lon":-87.42682815,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

102

Testing the Newton law at long distances  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experimental tests of Newton law put stringent constraints on potential deviations from standard theory with ranges from the millimeter to the size of planetary orbits. Windows however remain open for short range deviations, below the millimeter, as well as long range ones, of the order of or larger than the size of the solar system. We discuss here the relation between long range tests of the Newton law and the anomaly recorded on Pioneer 10/11 probes.

Serge Reynaud; Marc-Thierry Jaekel

2005-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

103

E-Print Network 3.0 - approximate block newton Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

, including both approximate-Newton2 and inexact-Newton3 approaches. The generalized mini- mal residual (GMRES... A Newton-Krylov Algorithm for the Euler Equations Using...

104

On multitemporal generalization of Newton's gravitational law  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A n-time generalization of Newton's law (of universal gravitation) formula in N =n + d + 1-dimensional space-time is conjectured. This formula implies a relation for effective N-dimensional gravitational constant G_{eff} = G cos^2 \\theta, where \\theta is the angle between the direction of motion of two particles in n-dimensional time manifold R^n.

V. D. Ivashchuk

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

105

Compatibility of equations with truncated Newton's binomials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The resolvability of equations in integers containing truncated Newton's binomial, is determined by the divisibility of the binomial by the characteristic parameters of the equation, which most often is the binomial exponent. Two types of equations containing binomials from two and three integers are investigated. Conditions of resolvability of the equations are specified based on the characteristics of their parameters.

Anatoly A. Grinberg

2014-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

106

Newton, Massachusetts: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(Redirected from Newton, MA) (Redirected from Newton, MA) Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 42.3370413°, -71.2092214° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.3370413,"lon":-71.2092214,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

107

Forward-backward truncated Newton methods for convex composite ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Feb 27, 2014 ... imtlucca.it). Abstract: This paper proposes two proximal Newton-CG methods for convex nonsmooth optimization problems in composite form.

Panagiotis Patrinos

2014-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

108

Hamilton's Eccentricity Vector Generalised to Newton Wonders  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The vectorial velocity is given as a function of the position of a particle in orbit when a Newtonian central force is supplemented by an inverse cubic force as in Newton's theorem on revolving orbits. Such expressions are useful in fitting orbits to radial velocities of orbital streams. The Hamilton-Laplace-Runge-Lenz eccentricity vector is generalised to give a constant of the motion for these systems and an approximate constant for orbits in general central potentials. A related vector is found for Hooke's centred ellipse.

D. Lynden-Bell

2006-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

109

XMM-Newton observation of Mrk 110  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on the first XMM-Newton observation of the bright Narrow-Line Seyfert 1 galaxy Mrk 110. We find a narrow Fe K fluorescent line, a broad component FWHM ~ 16500 km/s of the OVII triplet, either due to infall motions or gravitational redshift effects in the vicinity of the central black hole, a Comptonized accretion disc layer, and a strong starburst component. If the broad redshifted soft X-ray components are due to gravitational redshift effects, the distance of the line emitting regions ranges between about 0.2 and 1 light day with respect to the central black hole.

Th. Boller; I. Balestra; W. Kollatschny

2006-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

110

Cubic regularization of Newton's method for convex problems with ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mar 31, 2006 ... study a one-step Newton's method and its multistep accelerated version, which converges on smooth convex problems as O( 1 k3 ), where k is...

2006-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

111

Superfund Record of Decision (EPA Region 7): Oronogo-Duenweg Mining Belt Site, Operable Unit 4, Jasper County, MO, July 29, 1998  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has prepared this decision document to present the selected remedial action for ground water at the Oronogo/Duenweg Mining Belt Site located in Jasper County, Missouri. This selected remedy deals with providing safe drinking water supplies to residents currently consuming ground water contaminated with metals. The major components of selected remedy are: Support to Public Water Supply District No. 3 in the Oronogo/Duenweg Designated Area (DA); Extension of existing public water lines in the Oronogo/Duenweg DA; Extension of existing public water lines in the Irons Gates Extension DA; Installation of point-of-use treatment units to homes not accessible to public water; A maintenance program for the point-of-use treatment units; A monitoring program for threatened homes and the point-of-use treatment units; and Institutional controls to regulate future uses of the contaminated shallow aquifer.

NONE

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Problems with the Newton-Schrdinger Equations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We examine the origin of the Newton-Schr\\"odinger equations (NSEs) that play an important role in alternative quantum theories (AQT), macroscopic quantum mechanics and gravity-induced decoherence. We show that NSEs for individual particles do not follow from general relativity (GR) plus quantum field theory (QFT). Contrary to what is commonly assumed, the NSEs are not the weak-field (WF), non-relativistic (NR) limit of the semi-classical Einstein equation (SCE) (this nomenclature is preferred over the `M\\/oller-Rosenfeld equation') based on GR+QFT. The wave-function in the NSEs makes sense only as that for a mean field describing a system of $N$ particles as $N \\rightarrow \\infty$, not that of a single or finite many particles. From GR+QFT the gravitational self-interaction leads to mass renormalization, not to a non-linear term in the evolution equations of some AQTs. The WF-NR limit of the gravitational interaction in GR+QFT involves no dynamics. To see the contrast, we give a derivation of the equation (i) governing the many-body wave function from GR+QFT and (ii) for the non-relativistic limit of quantum electrodynamics (QED). They have the same structure, being linear, and very different from NSEs. Adding to this our earlier consideration that for gravitational decoherence the master equations based on GR+QFT lead to decoherence in the energy basis and not in the position basis, despite some AQTs desiring it for the `collapse of the wave function', we conclude that the origins and consequences of NSEs are very different, and should be clearly demarcated from those of the SCE equation, the only legitimate representative of semiclassical gravity, based on GR+QFT.

C. Anastopoulos; B. L. Hu

2014-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

113

Newton force from wave function collapse: speculation and test  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Diosi-Penrose model of quantum-classical boundary postulates gravity-related spontaneous wave function collapse of massive degrees of freedom. The decoherence effects of the collapses are in principle detectable if not masked by the overwhelming environmental decoherence. But the DP (or any other, like GRW, CSL) spontaneous collapses are not detectable themselves, they are merely the redundant formalism of spontaneous decoherence. To let DP collapses become testable physics, recently we extended the DP model and proposed that DP collapses are responsible for the emergence of the Newton gravitational force between massive objects. We identified the collapse rate, possibly of the order of 1/ms, with the rate of emergence of the Newton force. A simple heuristic emergence (delay) time was added to the Newton law of gravity. This non-relativistic delay is in peaceful coexistence with Einstein's relativistic theory of gravitation, at least no experimental evidence has so far surfaced against it. We derive new predictions of such a `lazy' Newton law that will enable decisive laboratory tests with available technologies. The simple equation of 'lazy' Newton law deserves theoretical and experimental studies in itself, independently of the underlying quantum foundational considerations.

Lajos Disi

2013-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

114

City of Newton, Illinois (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Newton Newton Place Illinois Utility Id 13560 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes ISO MISO Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial Commercial Residential Residential Average Rates Residential: $0.0886/kWh Commercial: $0.0824/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=City_of_Newton,_Illinois_(Utility_Company)&oldid=410028" Categories: EIA Utility Companies and Aliases Utility Companies Organizations

115

The Schrodinger-Newton System with Self-Field Coupling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the Schrodinger-Newton system of equations with the addition of gravitational field energy sourcing - such additional nonlinearity is to be expected from a theory of gravity (like general relativity), and its appearance in this simplified scalar setting (one of Einstein's precursors to general relativity) leads to significant changes in the spectrum of the self-gravitating theory. Using an iterative technique, we compare the mass dependence of the ground state energies of both Schrodinger-Newton and the new, self-sourced system and find that they are dramatically different. The Bohr method approach from old quantization provides a qualitative description of the difference, which comes from the additional nonlinearity introduced in the self-sourced case. In addition to comparison of ground state energies, we calculate the transition energy between the ground state and first excited state to compare emission frequencies between Schrodinger-Newton and the self-coupled scalar case.

Franklin, J; McNutt, A; Morgan, A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Computer Project #1: 1. Use Newton's method to do: C3.2 3, 14(b ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oct 27, 2014 ... Computer Project #1: 1. Use Newton's method to do: C3.2 3, 14(b). 2. Use Secant method to do: C3.2 3. 3. Use Newton's method and...

2014-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

117

Newton was born Christmas day 1642 Started in Cambridge 1661, BA early in 1665  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Newton Newton was born Christmas day 1642 Started in Cambridge 1661, BA early in 1665 Successor of calculus, nature of light, and theory of gravitation. Work on mathematics largely unpublished. In 1666

Junge, Marius

118

Isaac Newton Institute for Mathematical Sciences in collaboration with the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

world-leading researchers in climate modelling, mathematics and statistics to make progress in solving Discussion: Policy in the face of the uncertainties Chair: Oliver Morton (Energy and Environment Editor on Mathematical and Statistical Approaches to Climate Modelling and Prediction #12; The Isaac Newton

119

DOE/EA-1517: Environmental Assessment for the Design and Construction of a Fuel Ethanol Plant, Jasper County, Indiana (April 2005)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Based on action by the U.S. Congress, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has funding available to support a proposal by the Iroquois Bio-energy Company (IBEC), an Indiana limited liability company, to construct a fuel ethanol plant in Jasper County, Indiana (the proposed plant). Congress has acknowledged the merit of this project by providing specific funding through DOE. Consequently, DOE proposes to provide partial funding to IBEC to subsidize the design and construction of the proposed plant (the Proposed Action). In accordance with DOE and National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) implementing regulations, DOE is required to evaluate the potential environmental impacts of DOE facilities, operations, and related funding decisions. The proposal to use Federal funds to support the project requires DOE to address NEPA requirements and related environmental documentation and permitting requirements. In compliance with NEPA (42 U.S.C. {section} 4321 et seq.) and DOE's NEPA implementing regulations (10 CFR section 1021.330) and procedures, this environmental assessment (EA) examines the potential environmental impacts of DOE's Proposed Action and a No Action Alternative.

N /A

2005-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

120

NEWTON, Ask a Scientist at Argonne National Labs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hard Drive Field Separation Hard Drive Field Separation Name: Dan P. Status: other Age: 40s Location: NY Date: N/A Question: You have an excellent answer to the question of "How does a computers hard drive work...store and send data?" (see http://www.newton.dep.anl.gov/newton/askasci/1995/compsci/CSI36.HTM) but could you explain further... What separates the magnetic field so that the hard drive knows the difference between a magnetic field that is one bit in size and a magnetic field that is 100 bits long? Are there spaces between each magnetic field? If so how can it tell the difference between a non-magnetic field that is one bit in size and a non-magnetic field that is 100 bits long? Replies: That is a good question. What really happens on a hard disk is a little more complicated than the simple magnetized-bit picture.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "newton jasper polk" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

MHK Projects/Newton Bend Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Newton Bend Project Newton Bend Project < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.218,"lon":-90.9891,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

122

City of Newton Falls, Ohio (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Newton Falls Newton Falls Place Ohio Utility Id 13563 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Bundled Services Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png COMM city owned equip inside city limits Commercial COMM city owned equip inside city limits interuptible electric service Commercial COMM city owned equip outside city limits Commercial COMM cust owned equip inside city limits Commercial COMM cust owned equip inside city limits interuptible electric service Commercial COMM cust owned equip outside city limits

123

The Schrdinger-Newton equation and its foundations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The necessity of quantising the gravitational field is still subject to an open debate. In this paper we compare the approach of quantum gravity, with that of a fundamentally semi-classical theory of gravity, in the weak-field non-relativistic limit. We show that, while in the former case the Schr\\"odinger equation stays linear, in the latter case one ends up with the so-called Schr\\"odinger-Newton equation, which involves a nonlinear, non-local gravitational contribution. We further discuss that the Schr\\"odinger-Newton equation does not describe the collapse of the wave-function, although it was initially proposed for exactly this purpose. Together with the standard collapse postulate, fundamentally semi-classical gravity gives rise to superluminal signalling. A consistent fundamentally semi-classical theory of gravity can therefore only be achieved together with a suitable prescription of the wave-function collapse. We further discuss, how collapse models avoid such superluminal signalling and compare the nonlinearities appearing in these models with those in the Schr\\"odinger-Newton equation.

Mohammad Bahrami; Andr Groardt; Sandro Donadi; Angelo Bassi

2014-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

124

Update: 06/13/2013 Page 1 of 3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Update: 06/13/2013 Page 1 of 3 Regional Horticulture Specialist Jasper County, Position Description POSITION: Regional Horticulture Specialist LOCATION: Carthage, Missouri (Jasper County) and primarily serves Barry, Barton, Dade, Jasper, Lawrence, McDonald, Newton, and Stone counties in the Southwest

Missouri-Columbia, University of

125

Nine Years of XMM-Newton Pipeline: Experience and Feedback  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Strasbourg Astronomical Observatory is member of the Survey Science Centre (SSC) of the XMM-Newton satellite. Among other responsibilities, we provide a database access to the 2XMMi catalogue and run the part of the data processing pipeline performing the cross-correlation of EPIC sources with archival catalogs. These tasks were all developed in Strasbourg. Pipeline processing is flawlessly in operation since 1999. We describe here the work load and infrastructure setup in Strasbourg to support SSC activities. Our nine year long SSC experience could be used in the framework of the Simbol-X ground segment.

Michel, Laurent; Motch, Christian [CNRS, Universite de Strasbourg, Observatoire Astronomique, 11 rue de l'Universite, 67000 Strasbourg (France)

2009-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

126

Evidence for Newton Black Films between Adhesive Emulsion Droplets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A soap film (made of two air/water interfaces covered by surfactant) may turn into a so-called Newton black film (NBF) which essentially consists in a surfactant bilayer. Oil-in-water emulsion droplets covered with surfactant (oil/water interfaces) may become adhesive in similar conditions. We show by analyzing the neutron scattering pattern from a collection of submicronic oil-in-water adhesive droplets that the thin film that forms between them is structurally identical to the NBF. As a consequence, the formation of NBF is a general property of ionic surfactants.

Philippe Poulin; Frdric Nallet; Bernard Cabane; Jrme Bibette

1996-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

127

Modified Newton's law, braneworlds, and the gravitational quantum well  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Most of the theories involving extra dimensions assume that only the gravitational interaction can propagate in them. In such approaches, called brane world models, the effective, 4-dimensional, Newton's law is modified at short as well as at large distances. Usually, the deformation of Newton's law at large distances is parametrized by a Yukawa potential, which arises mainly from theories with compactified extra dimensions. In many other models however, the extra dimensions are infinite. These approaches lead to a large distance power-law deformation of the gravitational newtonian potential $V_N(r)$, namely $V(r)=(1+k_b/r^b)V_N(r)$, which is less studied in the literature. We investigate here the dynamics of a particle in a gravitational quantum well with such a power-law deformation. The effects of the deformation on the energy spectrum are discussed. We also compare our modified spectrum to the results obtained with the GRANIT experiment, where the effects of the Earth's gravitational field on quantum states of ultra cold neutrons moving above a mirror are studied. This comparison leads to upper bounds on $b$ and $k_b$.

F. Buisseret; B. Silvestre-Brac; V. Mathieu

2007-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

128

The Schr\\"odinger-Newton equation and its foundations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The necessity of quantising the gravitational field is still subject to an open debate. In this paper we compare the approach of quantum gravity, with that of a fundamentally semi-classical theory of gravity, in the weak-field non-relativistic limit. We show that, while in the former case the Schr\\"odinger equation stays linear, in the latter case one ends up with the so-called Schr\\"odinger-Newton equation, which involves a nonlinear, non-local gravitational contribution. We further discuss that the Schr\\"odinger-Newton equation does not describe the collapse of the wave-function, although it was initially proposed for exactly this purpose. Together with the standard collapse postulate, semi-classical gravity gives rise to superluminal effects. A consistent semi-classical theory of gravity can therefore only be achieved together with a suitable prescription of the wave-function collapse. We further discuss, how collapse models avoid such a causality violation and compare the nonlinearities appearing in these...

Bahrami, Mohammad; Donadi, Sandro; Bassi, Angelo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Isaac Newton Institute for Mathematical Sciences Further Particulars: Director's Administrative Assistant  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Isaac Newton Institute for Mathematical Sciences Further Particulars: Director's Administrative Assistant Background The Isaac Newton Institute for Mathematical Sciences is a national and international and the mathematical sciences with applications in a very wide range of science and technology. It attracts over 1000

130

Improvements to a Newton-Krylov Adjoint Algorithm for Aerodynamic Optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Improvements to a Newton-Krylov Adjoint Algorithm for Aerodynamic Optimization David W. Zingg-based algorithm for aerodynamic optimization. A Newton-Krylov algorithm is used to solve the compressible Navier of the improvements on the performance of the algorithm is presented. I. Introduction Numerical aerodynamic shape

Zingg, David W.

131

REPORT. Newton on the Net: first and prospective fruits of a Royal Society grant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and prospective fruits of a Royal Society grant R. Iliffe J. Young The Newton Project...and prospective fruits of a Royal Society grant Rob Iliffe and John Young, The Newton...Since receiving a preliminary five-year grant from the Arts and Humanities Research Board...

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

NEWTON, Ask a Scientist at Argonne National Labs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Plant Phases Plant Phases Name: Mansi Status: student Grade: other Location: Outside U.S. Country: India Date: Spring 2012 Question: What is the period between 2 reproductive phase of a perennial plant called? What happens in this phase?does plant after reproductive phase re-enters vegetative phase in perennial plants? Replies: Right, the question is ambiguous. Perhaps referring to vegetative and reproductive periods in plants? Of course, this all depends upon the plant species in question, and different for ferns and mosses (alternation of generations) vs. angiosperms and gymnosperms. The following might be helpful to the individual: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1514428 http://www.nios.ac.in/srsec314newE/PDFBIO.EL19.pdf NEWTON BBS Ask A Scientist service receives about 200-300 requests per day. If you did not receive an answer it could be due to one of the following reasons:

133

NEWTON, Ask a Scientist at Argonne National Labs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Nathan A. Unterman M.S. Nathan A. Unterman M.S. Email: nunterman@newton.dep.anl.gov FORMAL EDUCATION M.S. Science Teaching, 1988, DePaul University. Concentration in Secondary Science Curriculum Design. Courses included science content as well as curriculum design. B.S. Astronomy, 1975, University of Michigan. Minor in Physics and Mathematics, with courses including geology, meteorology, and chemistry. CONTINUING EDUCATION Illinois Oil and Natural Gas Education Conference 2012 Illinois Crude Oil and Natural Gas Core Energy Science and Math Curriculum Workshop 2012 Illinois Association of Aggregate Producers Rocks, Minerals, and Mining in Today's Society 2012 Illinois Coal Education Conference 2012 CERN High School Teachers International Program in high energy physics and physics education. Geneva, Switzerland 2011 Purdue University, Calumet ASM International Materials Science Camp 2011

134

NEWTON, Ask a Scientist at Argonne National Labs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Beets and Bacteria Beets and Bacteria Name: Arlene Status: other Grade: 6-8 Location: IL Country: USA Date: Fall 2011 Question: I found an experiment at the pbs.org/teachers website that evaluates different handwashing techniques by swabbing palms, nails, and in between fingers after different types of handwashing. These swabs are then "plated" on canned beets placed inside of a petri dish. Does this sound like a realistic and safe experiment for middle school students? NEWTON BBS does not recommend growing/culturing bacteria without the supervision of a microbiologist, and a properly equipped microbiology laboratory. Safety is our main concern! Growing dangerous bacteria species unknowingly is a real possibility and serious illness may occur without proper handling techniques. Furthermore, without proper bacterial disposal procedures such as an autoclave can guarantee, there is a danger to anyone who comes in contact after disposal.

135

Cluster scaling and its redshift evolution from XMM-Newton  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We put together the results of XMM-Newton observations of a number of representative group and cluster samples at low and high redshifts. These results confirm the entropy ramp as an explanation of the observed scaling relations. We observe a mild evolution in the entropy of clusters. The observed degree of evolution is consistent with expectations of the shock heating at a fixed overdensity (500) with respect to the critical density in LCDM. The study of the evolution in the pressure scaling imposes strong requirements in the definition of the average temperature of the cluster. The scaling temperature should be consistent to better than the 10% level. Once such a consistency is achieved, no additional evolution in the pressure has been detected in addition to the prediction of the shock heating in the LCDM Universe.

A. Finoguenov; H. Boehringer; J. P. F. Osmond; T. J. Ponman; A. J. R. Sanderson; Y. -Y. Zhang; M. Zimer

2005-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

136

Torsional Newton-Cartan Geometry and Lifshitz Holography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We obtain the Lifshitz UV completion in a specific model for z=2 Lifshitz geometries. We use a vielbein formalism which enables identification of all the sources as leading components of well-chosen bulk fields. We show that the geometry induced from the bulk onto the boundary is a novel extension of Newton-Cartan geometry with a specific torsion tensor. We explicitly compute all the vevs including the boundary stress-energy tensor and their Ward identities. After using local symmetries/Ward identities the system exhibits 6+6 sources and vevs. The FG expansion exhibits, however, an additional free function which is related to an irrelevant operator whose source has been turned off. We show that this is related to a second UV completion.

Morten H. Christensen; Jelle Hartong; Niels A. Obers; Blaise Rollier

2014-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

137

XMM-Newton study of the ULIRG NGC 6240  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A recently performed XMM-Newton observation of the ULIRG NGC 6240 clearly indicates the presence of an AGN contribution to its X-ray spectrum. In the 5.0 - 7.0 keV energy range there is a clear signature of the fluorescent Fe K lines at 6.4, 6.7 and 6.9 keV, respectively. The line strength of the 6.4 keV line cannot be produced by a thermal component. The 0.3 - 10.0 keV spectral energy distribution is characterized by the following components: (I) two hot thermal components (the starburst), (II) one direct component (heavily absorbed; AGN is hidden), (III) one reflection component (the AGN), (IV) three narrow Fe lines. The model parameters for the broad-band spectral energy distribution are consistent with the results of previously works.

Ralf Keil; Th. Boller; R. Fujimoto

2001-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

138

A review of "The Cambridge Companion to Newton." by I. Bernard Cohen & George E. Smith, eds.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of methodological unity belonging to the wide range of disciplines he dealt with. The philosophical theory of absolute space-time is the one which most made Newton a milestone in the history of philosophy. That vision underwent its final crisis during... of the Aristotelian world view. The analysis of ?The Methodology of the Principia? (138-173), carried out by George E. Smith, argues that only through the solution of the open questions in Newton?s work by later scientists, ?the new approach to theory construction...

Alessandro Giostra

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Keynes, Newton and the Royal Society: the events of 1942 and 1943  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...more extraordinary, than the nineteenth century cared to make him out. Geniuses are very...prevision. In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, for example, Newton's physics might...fideism by virtually deserting to the camp of philosophical idealism. Mach's renunciation...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

a combined class of self-scaling and modified quasi-newton methods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Apr 8, 2008 ... experiments with this class, using the well-known quasi-Newton BFGS, DFP ..... is greater than 1 ? ?2 (= 0.1, here), we note that parameter (4.4)...

2009-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "newton jasper polk" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

An Efficient Gauss-Newton Algorithm for Symmetric Low-Rank ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jun 2, 2014 ... Abstract: We derive and study a Gauss-Newton method for computing a symmetric low-rank product that is the closest to a given symmetric...

XIN LIU

2014-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

142

Reflections on Cambridge: Reflections on Isaac Newton, discovery and Cambridge - with apple tree  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reflections about the life and effects of Isaac Newton in Cambridge, filmed outside Trinity College, with the descendant of his apple tree behind (and the rooms where he lived and worked). Filmed by Xu Bei in 2009....

Macfarlane, Alan

143

Unbalanced Three-Phase Power Flow Calculation Based on Newton Method for Micro-Grid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Because of the connection of distributed generation to energy complementary micro-grid, there are multi-supplying points and loop ... power flow calculation based on Newton method for micro-grid is presented, in ...

Jiang Guixiu; Shu Jie; Wu Zhifeng

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

NEWTON, Ask a Scientist at Argonne National Labs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Longest Day in Tropics Longest Day in Tropics Name: Owen Status: other Grade: other Country: Australia Date: Spring 2012 Question: I have checked the archive and it is not really answered there. http://www.newton.dep.anl.gov/askasci/gen01/gen01052.htm isthe closest link but does not really get to the crux of what I amasking below. Is the solstice still the longest day (in either hemisphere) if your location is between the Tropics? Some friends and I have been debating this. One faction argues that the solstice on 21 December is the longest day here in Cairns, QLD, Australia. the other faction claims that the longest days here are when the sun is directly overhead (we believe the days to be 28 November and 12 January here in Cairns) and that the days shorten between 28 November (zenith in CNS) and 21 December (solstice) ... then graduate/lengthen back to the maximum between 22 December until 12 January (our other zenith day as the sun moves back North) ... after which, they shorten again. can you please settle the debate (with an explanation).

145

Newton-Cartan Gravity in Noninertial Reference Frames  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study properties of Newton-Cartan gravity under transformations into all noninertial, nonrelativistic reference frames. The set of these transformations has the structure of an infinite dimensional Lie group, called the Galilean line group, which contains as a subgroup the Galilei group. We show that the fictitious forces of noninertial reference frames are naturally encoded in the Cartan connection transformed under the Galilean line group. These noninertial forces, which are coordinate effects, do not contribute to the Ricci tensor which describes the curvature of Newtonian spacetime. We show that only the $00$-component of the Ricci tensor is non-zero and equal to ($4\\pi$ times) the matter density in any inertial or noninetial reference frame and that it leads to what may be called Newtonian ADM mass. While the Ricci field equation and Gauss law are both fulfilled by the same physical matter density in inertial and linearly accelerating reference frames, there appears a discrepancy between the two in rotating reference frames in that Gauss law holds for an effective mass density that differs from the physical matter density. This effective density has its origin in the simulated magnetic field that appears in rotating frames, highlighting a rather striking difference between linearly and rotationally accelerating reference frames. We further show that the dynamical equations that govern the simulated gravitational and magnetic fields have the same form as Maxwell's equations, a surprising conclusion given that these equations are well-known to obey special relativity (and $U(1)$-gauge symmetry), rather than Galilean symmetry.

Leo Rodriguez; James St. Germaine-Fuller; Sujeev Wickramasekara

2014-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

146

Newton's aerodynamic problem in media of chaotically moving particles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the problem of minimal resistance for a body moving with constant velocity in a rarefied medium of chaotically moving point particles, in Euclidean space R^d. The particles distribution over velocities is radially symmetric. Under some additional assumptions on the distribution function, the complete classification of bodies of least resistance is made. In the case of three and more dimensions there are two kinds of solutions: a body similar to the solution of classical Newton's problem and a union of two such bodies ``glued together'' by rear parts of their surfaces. In the two-dimensional case there are solutions of five different types: (a) a trapezium; (b) an isosceles triangle; (c) the union of a triangle and a trapezium with common base; (d) the union of two isosceles triangles with common base; (e) the union of two triangles and a trapezium. The cases (a)--(d) are realized for any distribution of particles over velocities, and the case (e) is only realized for some distributions. Two limit cases are considered, where the average velocity of particles is big and where it is small as compared to the body's velocity. Finally, using the obtained analytical results, we study numerically a particular case: the problem of body's motion in a rarefied homogeneous monatomic ideal gas of positive temperature in R^2 and in R^3.

Alexander Yu. Plakhov; Delfim F. M. Torres

2005-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

147

A deep XMM-Newton survey of M 31  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The deep homogeneous survey of the large Local-Group spiral galaxy M 31 is a milestone project for X-ray astronomy, as it allows a detailed X-ray inventory of an archetypal low-star-formation-rate galaxy like our own. We present first results of the deep XMM-Newton survey, which covers the entire D 25 ellipse. Information from different X-ray energy bands are combined in an X-ray colour image of M 31. In the first 15 observations we found about 1000 sources, the full survey will yield about 2000 X-ray sources. Sources will be classified using hardness ratios, extent, high quality spectra and time variability. In addition the sources will be correlated with catalogues in optical, infra-red and radio wavelengths. Our goal is to study M 31 X-ray binaries and globular cluster sources, supersoft sources, supernova remnants and the hot interstellar medium and separate them from foreground stars and background objects.

H. Stiele; W. Pietsch; F. Haberl; for the XMM-Newton M 31 large program collaboration

2007-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

148

Notes on Newton-Krylov based Incompressible Flow Projection Solver  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of the present document is to formulate Jacobian-free Newton-Krylov algorithm for approximate projection method used in Hydra-TH code. Hydra-TH is developed by Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) under the auspices of the Consortium for Advanced Simulation of Light-Water Reactors (CASL) for thermal-hydraulics applications ranging from grid-to-rod fretting (GTRF) to multiphase flow subcooled boiling. Currently, Hydra-TH is based on the semi-implicit projection method, which provides an excellent platform for simulation of transient single-phase thermalhydraulics problems. This algorithm however is not efficient when applied for very slow or steady-state problems, as well as for highly nonlinear multiphase problems relevant to nuclear reactor thermalhydraulics with boiling and condensation. These applications require fully-implicit tightly-coupling algorithms. The major technical contribution of the present report is the formulation of fully-implicit projection algorithm which will fulfill this purpose. This includes the definition of non-linear residuals used for GMRES-based linear iterations, as well as physics-based preconditioning techniques.

Robert Nourgaliev; Mark Christon; J. Bakosi

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

XMM-Newton study of 0.012thermodynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the thermodynamic properties of the hot gas in a sample of groups in the 0.012-0.024 redshift range, using XMM-Newton observations. We present measurements of temperature, entropy, pressure and iron abundance. Non-parametric fits are used to derive the mean properties of the sample and to study dispersion in the values of entropy and pressure. The scaling of the entropy at 0.2r500 matches well the results of Ponman et al. (2003). However, compared to cool clusters, the groups in our sample reveal larger entropy at inner radii and a substantially flatter slope in the entropy in the outskirts, compared to both the prediction of pure gravitational heating and to observations of clusters. This difference corresponds to the systematically flatter group surface brightness profiles, reported previously. The scaled pressure profiles can be well approximated with a Sersic model with n=4. We find that groups exhibit a systematically larger dispersion in pressure, compared to clusters of galaxies, while the dispersion in entropy is similar.

A. Finoguenov; T. J. Ponman; J. P. F. Osmond; M. Zimer

2006-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

150

New XMM-Newton observations of SNRs in the SMC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A complete overview of the supernova remnant (SNR) population is required to investigate their evolution and interaction with the surrounding interstellar medium in the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC). Recent XMM-Newton observations of the SMC cover three known SNRs (DEM S5, SNR B0050-72.8, and SNR B0058-71.8), which are poorly studied and are X-ray faint. We used new multi-frequency radio-continuum surveys and new optical observations at Ha, [SII], and [OIII] wavelengths, in combination with the X-ray data, to investigate their properties and to search for new SNRs in the SMC. We used X-ray source selection criteria and found one SMC object with typical SNR characteristics (HFPK 334), that was initially detected by ROSAT. We analysed the X-ray spectra and present multi-wavelength morphological studies of the three SNRs and the new candidate. Using a non-equilibrium ionisation collisional plasma model, we find temperatures kT around 0.18 keV for the three known remnants and 0.69 keV for the candidate. The low te...

Filipovic, M D; Winkler, P F; Pietsch, W; Payne, J L; Crawford, E J; De Horta, A Y; Stootman, F H; Reaser, B E

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Eurasian Math. Journ., 2, N3, (2011), 91-99. On the DSM version of Newton's method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Eurasian Math. Journ., 2, N3, (2011), 91-99. 1 #12;On the DSM version of Newton's method A.G. Ramm. The DSM (dynamical systems method) version of the Newton's method for solving operator equation F(u) = f, that is continuously Fr´echet differentiable, and the DSM version of the Newton's method is u = -[F (u)]-1 (F(u) - f

152

New XMM-Newton observations of SNRs in the SMC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A complete overview of the supernova remnant (SNR) population is required to investigate their evolution and interaction with the surrounding interstellar medium in the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC). Recent XMM-Newton observations of the SMC cover three known SNRs (DEM S5, SNR B0050-72.8, and SNR B0058-71.8), which are poorly studied and are X-ray faint. We used new multi-frequency radio-continuum surveys and new optical observations at Ha, [SII], and [OIII] wavelengths, in combination with the X-ray data, to investigate their properties and to search for new SNRs in the SMC. We used X-ray source selection criteria and found one SMC object with typical SNR characteristics (HFPK 334), that was initially detected by ROSAT. We analysed the X-ray spectra and present multi-wavelength morphological studies of the three SNRs and the new candidate. Using a non-equilibrium ionisation collisional plasma model, we find temperatures kT around 0.18 keV for the three known remnants and 0.69 keV for the candidate. The low temperature, low surface brightness, and large extent of the three remnants indicates relatively large ages. The emission from the new candidate (HFPK 334) is more centrally peaked and the higher temperature suggests a younger remnant. Our new radio images indicate that a pulsar wind nebulae (PWN) is possibly associated with this object. The SNRs known in the SMC show a variety of morphological structures that are relatively uncorrelated in the different wavelength bands, probably caused by the different conditions in the surrounding medium with which the remnant interacts.

M. D. Filipovic; F. Haberl; P. F. Winkler; W. Pietsch; J. L. Payne; E. J. Crawford; A. Y. De Horta; F. H. Stootman; B. E. Reaser

2008-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

153

FIA-12-0061 - In the Matter of John P. Newton | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2-0061 - In the Matter of John P. Newton 2-0061 - In the Matter of John P. Newton FIA-12-0061 - In the Matter of John P. Newton On October 31, 2012, the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) issued a decision denying an appeal (Appeal) from two Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) determinations issued by the Department of Energy's Office of Information Resources (OIR). Specifically, the Appellant appealed OIR's decisions not to grant him a fee waiver and expedited processing of his FOIA requests. The OHA decided that the Appellant did not demonstrate that the information he sought from his FOIA request would contribute significantly to public understanding of government operations or activities or that the information concerned a time-sensitive matter. Therefore, the OHA denied the Appeal for expedited processing of the FOIA

154

Journ. Appl. Math and Comp. (JAMC), 38, N1-2, (2012), 523-533. On the DSM Newton-type method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Journ. Appl. Math and Comp. (JAMC), 38, N1-2, (2012), 523-533. 1 #12;On the DSM Newton-type method of a Dynamical Systems Method (DSM), based on the continuous analog of the Newton method, is proved without any.30.Hq; 02.30.Tb Keywords: Inverse function theorem, Newton's method, DSM (Dynamical sys- tems method

155

How to manage a revolution: Isaac Newton in the early twentieth century  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Research articles 1007 187 99 How to manage a revolution: Isaac Newton in the...dramatic developments in physics came to be viewed as revolutionary, apparently...theories. British physicists were keen to promote quantum physics and relativity theory...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Asymptotic Behavior of the Newton-Boussinesq Equation in a Two-Dimensional Channel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We prove the existence of a global attractor for the Newton-Boussinesq equation defined in a two-dimensional channel. The asymptotic compactness of the equation is derived by the uniform estimates on the tails of solutions. We also establish the regularity of the global attractor.

Guglielmo Fucci; Bixiang Wang; Preeti Singh

2007-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

157

Calculation of Planetary Precession from Quantum-corrected Newton's Gravitation Law  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With consideration of quantization of space, we relate Newton's gravitation with the Second Law of thermodynamics. This leads to a correction to its original form, which takes into consideration the role of classical measurement. Our calculation shows this corrected form of gravitation can give explanation for planetary precession.

Zhen Wang

1998-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

158

Potential solar axion signatures in X-ray observations with the XMMNewton observatory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......temporally and in terms of the accepted...forward-directed, and enter the field of view...are given of a search for axion-conversion...axions - using the term indiscriminately...magnitude greater, in terms of their product...extensively used to search for the spectral...conversion photons can enter the FOV of XMM-Newton......

G.W. Fraser; A.M. Read; S. Sembay; J.A. Carter; E. Schyns

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

A MULTIWAVELENGTH STUDY OF RZ CASSIOPEIAE: THE XMM-NEWTON/VLA , J. R. Donisan1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

120th Street, New York, NY 10027, USA 2 Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen & W¨urenlingen, 5232 Villigen PSI, Switzerland Abstract XMM-Newton and the VLA simultaneously observed the eclipsing Algol orbital period. We present results of the X-ray and radio campaigns. The X-ray light curve shows signif

Audard, Marc

160

A NOTE ON PAN'S SECOND-ORDER QUASI-NEWTON UPDATES ?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This note, attempts to further Pan's second-order quasi-Newton methods([1]). To com- plement the numerical ... Although some computational tests implemented in [1] illustrate its attraction for further .... MR 33#6825. [6] M.J.D.POWELL. A new

2016-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "newton jasper polk" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

GENERALIZED NEWTON METHODS FOR THE 2DSIGNORINI CONTACT PROBLEM WITH FRICTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GENERALIZED NEWTON METHODS FOR THE 2D­SIGNORINI CONTACT PROBLEM WITH FRICTION K. KUNISCH AND G. STADLER Abstract. The 2D­Signorini contact problem with Tresca and Coulomb friction is discussed in infinite-dimensional Hilbert spaces. First, the problem with given friction (Tresca friction) is considered

Kunisch, Karl

162

Newton-Krylov-Multigrid Algorithms for Battery Simulation Venkat Srinivasan,b,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Newton-Krylov-Multigrid Algorithms for Battery Simulation J. Wu,a Venkat Srinivasan,b, * J. Xu the behavior of various electrochemical systems, specifically, batteries and fuel cells. In this paper, we thermal and electrochemical coupled Li-ion model and extend the familiar Band J subroutine by utilizing

163

Restless Quasar Activity: From BeppoSAX to Chandra and XMM-Newton  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We briefly review some of the progress made in the last decade in the study of the X-ray properties of the quasar population from the luminous, local objects observed by BeppoSAX to the large, rapidly increasing population of z>4 quasars detected by Chandra and XMM-Newton in recent years.

Vignali, C; Brandt, W N

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Femtosecond Near-Infrared Laser Desorption of Multilayer Benzene on Pt{111}: A Molecular Newton's Cradle?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Femtosecond Near-Infrared Laser Desorption of Multilayer Benzene on Pt{111}: A Molecular Newton Recently, the intense near-infrared laser desorption of intact benzene molecules has been reported.1 Three, 1999; In Final Form: February 11, 2000 Velocity distributions resulting from the intense, near-IR laser

Levis, Robert J.

165

SFU'2009/MATH Defeng Sun/NUS 1 A Newton-CG Augmented Lagrangian Method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SFU'2009/MATH Defeng Sun/NUS 1 ' & $ % A Newton-CG Augmented Lagrangian Method for Large Scale Semidefinite Programming Defeng Sun Department of Mathematics National University of Singapore March 12, 2009 Joint work with Kim Chuan Toh and Xin-Yuan Zhao #12;SFU'2009/MATH Defeng Sun/NUS 2 ' & $ % Let Sn

Sun, Defeng

166

IESE'2008 Defeng Sun 1 A Newton-CG Augmented Lagrangian Method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IESE'2008 Defeng Sun 1 ' & $ % A Newton-CG Augmented Lagrangian Method for Large Scale Semidefinite Programming Defeng Sun Department of Mathematics National University of Singapore October 2, 2008 Joint work with Kim Chuan Toh and Xin-Yuan Zhao #12;IESE'2008 Defeng Sun 2 ' & $ % Let Sn be the set of all real

Sun, Defeng

167

Enrichment of trace elements in rare-metal bearing pegmatites of the muscovite class: Examples from the Jasper, Thomaston-Barnesville, Troup and Cherokee-Pickens districts in Georgia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pegmatites from four important mining districts in Georgia: the Cherokee-Pickens district (mica and beryl), the Thomaston-Barnesville (mica), Troup (beryl), and Jasper County (feldspar) districts, generally contain quartz, muscovite, K-feldspar and oligoclase and can be included in the muscovite class of pegmatites. No source intrusions are known for any of these pegmatite districts. The Thomaston-Barnesville district covers about 2,000 km[sup 2] compared to the < 100 km[sup 2] of the other three districts and includes 3--4 times as many pegmatites as each of the other districts. The more highly fractionated pegmatites represent 42 to 48 % of the total number of pegmatites sampled in each district except for the Thomaston-Barnesville district in which only 7 % are more highly fractionated. Muscovites from the more highly fractionated pegmatites in these districts contain mean trace element values of 1,118--1,732 ppm Rb, 1,867--3,083 ppm F, 91--278 ppm Li, 7.7-31 ppm Be, 122--147 ppm Ga, 122--315 ppm Nb, and 137--254 ppm Zn. These pegmatites have mean Ba/Rb and Rb/K[sub 2]O ratios of 0.01--0.21 and 129--177 ppm. Mean Ba is 19--234 ppm. Mean trace element values of muscovites from the least fractionated pegmatites are 381--675 ppm Rb, 748--1,622 ppm F, 33--221 ppm Li, 4:8--20.6 ppm Be, 56--80 ppm Ga, 32--152 ppm Nb, and 59--113 ppm Zn. These pegmatites have mean Ba/Rb and Rb/K[sub 2]O ratios of 0.44--2.83 and 39--76. Mean Ba is 218--857 ppm. In each district, the more highly fractionated pegmatites contain beryl or are in the vicinity of beryl-bearing pegmatites.

Cocker, M.D. (Georgia Geologic Survey, Atlanta, GA (United States))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Calculation of the Deflection of Light Ray near the Sun with Quantum-corrected Newton's Gravitation Law  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The deflection of light ray passing near the Sun is calculated with quantum-corrected Newton's gravitation law. The satisfactory result suggests that there may exist other theoretical possibilities besides the theory of relativity.

Zhen Wang

1999-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

169

Health and cleanliness of the XMM-Newton science payload since launch  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On December 10th 2004 the XMM-Newton observatory celebrated its 5th year in orbit. Since the beginning of the mission steady health and contamination monitoring has been performed by the XMM-Newton SOC and the instrument teams. Main targets of the monitoring, using scientific data for all instruments on board, are the behaviour of the Charge Transfer Efficiency, the gain, the effective area and the bad, hot and noisy pixels. The monitoring is performed by combination of calibration observations using internal radioactive calibration sources with observations of astronomical targets. In addition a set of housekeeping parameters is continuously monitored reflecting the health situation of the instruments from an engineering point of view. We show trend behaviour over the 5 years especially in combination with events like solar flares and other events affecting the performance of the instruments.

M. G. F. Kirsch et al.

2005-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

170

Polk County, Nebraska: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

688°, -97.5680595° 688°, -97.5680595° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.1526688,"lon":-97.5680595,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

171

Polk County, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Florida: Energy Resources Florida: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 27.8617347°, -81.6911559° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":27.8617347,"lon":-81.6911559,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

172

Polk County, Arkansas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

097°, -94.1513764° 097°, -94.1513764° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":34.5268097,"lon":-94.1513764,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

173

Polk County, Tennessee: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

371578°, -84.564147° 371578°, -84.564147° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.1371578,"lon":-84.564147,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

174

Polk County, Iowa: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

423°, -93.5003454° 423°, -93.5003454° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.6278423,"lon":-93.5003454,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

175

Polk County, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

94.8105955° 94.8105955° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":30.7150882,"lon":-94.8105955,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

176

Polk County, Minnesota: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

5°, -96.4170534° 5°, -96.4170534° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":47.6635085,"lon":-96.4170534,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

177

Polk County, Missouri: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

3.3388917° 3.3388917° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.6766686,"lon":-93.3388917,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

178

Polk City, Iowa: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Iowa: Energy Resources Iowa: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 41.7713764°, -93.7129997° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.7713764,"lon":-93.7129997,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

179

Polk County, Oregon: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

6528°, -123.4919256° 6528°, -123.4919256° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.9266528,"lon":-123.4919256,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

180

Polk County, Georgia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

5.1479364° 5.1479364° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":34.0132398,"lon":-85.1479364,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "newton jasper polk" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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181

EA-1946: Salem-Albany Transmission Line Rebuild Project; Polk...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

rebuild of the 24-mile Salem-Albany No. 1 and 28-mile Salem-Albany No. 2 transmission lines between Salem and Albany, Oregon. Additional information is available at the project...

182

Polk County, North Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

6842°, -82.1713632° 6842°, -82.1713632° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.2686842,"lon":-82.1713632,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

183

Polk County, Wisconsin: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

345°, -92.3388439° 345°, -92.3388439° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.4259345,"lon":-92.3388439,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

184

Application of the Newton-Raphson method to systems of separation columns in which one or more reactions occur  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

capable of modeling a separation column in which a reaction occurs which was based on the work done by Tierney and Bruno (1967) and Tierney and Yanosik (1969). Tierney and Bruno had developed a Newton- Raphson procedure for modeling separation columns.... Tierney and Bruno and Tierney and Yanosik also developed matrix methods used by Nelson (1971) for calcu- lating the values of the Jacobian in the Newton-Raphson routine. It was shown that the ef'feet of any change in an independent variable on one...

Mommessin, Paul Edward

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

185

Capturing and Composing Parallel Patterns with Intel CnC Ryan Newton Frank Schlimbach Mark Hampton Kathleen Knobe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Capturing and Composing Parallel Patterns with Intel CnC Ryan Newton Frank Schlimbach Mark Hampton to encapsulate only a single pattern. Thus we explore the use of Intel CnC as a single frame- work for capturing. In this paper, we consider Intel Concurrent Collections (CnC)[9]. as a candidate substrate for patterns. CnC

Gummadi, Ramakrishna

186

Solution of the equation of radiative transfer using a NewtonKrylov approach and adaptive mesh refinement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solution of the equation of radiative transfer using a Newton­Krylov approach and adaptive mesh Available online 25 November 2011 Keywords: Radiation transport Discrete ordinates method Finite ordinates method (DOM) and finite-volume method (FVM) are used exten- sively to solve the radiative transfer

Groth, Clinton P. T.

187

A long XMMNewton observation of an extreme narrow-line Seyfert 1: PG 1244+026  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......1244+026, especially the light-curve, power spectral density...XMM-Newton satellite on the Christmas Day (December 25) 2011 (OBS...v12.7.1 (Arnaud 1996). Light curves were also extracted from...regions. Then, the background light curve was subtracted from the......

Chichuan Jin; Chris Done; Matthew Middleton; Martin Ward

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

About new Inverse Formulas of the Transformation of Laplace,II.The Laplace transform and the potential of Newton  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In article a new class of the odd ore even transforms of Laplace is presented. The class leads to some unforeseeable consequences in direction of the Fourier transforms.The potential of Newton as one of the form of the double Laplace transform is considered too.

A. V. Pavlov-Maxorin

2014-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

189

On the extension of Newton's second law to theories of gravitation in curved space-time  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the possibility of extending Newton's second law to the general framework of theories in which special relativity is locally valid, and in which gravitation changes the flat Galilean space-time metric into a curved metric. This framework is first recalled, underlining the possibility to uniquely define a space metric and a local time in any given reference frame, hence to define velocity and momentum in terms of the local space and time standards. It is shown that a unique consistent definition can be given for the derivative of a vector (the momentum) along a trajectory. Then the possible form of the gravitation force is investigated. It is shown that, if the motion of free particles has to follow space-time geodesics, then the expression for the gravity acceleration is determined uniquely. It depends on the variation of the metric with space and time, and it involves the velocity of the particle.

Mayeul Arminjon

2006-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

190

The generalized Newton's law of gravitation versus the general theory of relativity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Einstein general theory of relativity (GTR) accounted well for the precession of the perihelion of planets and binary pulsars. While the ordinary Newton law of gravitation failed, a generalized version yields similar results. We have shown here that these effects can be accounted for as due to the existence of gravitomagnetism only, and not necessarily due to the curvature of space time. Or alternatively, gravitomagnetism is equivalent to a curved space-time. The precession of the perihelion of planets and binary pulsars may be interpreted as due to the spin of the orbiting planet ($m$) about the Sun ($M$)\\,. The spin ($S$) of planets is found to be related to their orbital angular momentum ($L$) by a simple formula, \\emph{viz}., $S\\propto \\,\\frac{m}{M}L$\\,.

A. I. Arbab

2012-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

191

Modified Newton's Law of Gravitation Due to Minimal Length in Quantum Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A recent theory about the origin of the gravity suggests that the gravity is originally an entropic force. In this work, we discuss the effects of generalized uncertainty principle (GUP) which is proposed by some approaches to quantum gravity such as string theory, black hole physics and doubly special relativity theories (DSR), on the area law of the entropy. This leads to a $\\sqrt{Area}$-type correction to the area law of entropy which imply that the number of bits $N$ is modified. Therefore, we obtain a modified Newton's law of gravitation. Surprisingly, this modification agrees with different sign with the prediction of Randall-Sundrum II model which contains one uncompactified extra dimension. Furthermore, such modification may have observable consequences at length scales much larger than the Planck scale.

Ahmed Farag Ali; A. Tawfik

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

192

Questioning Newton's second law: What is the structure of equations of motion?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interactions are explored through the observation of the dynamics of particles. On the classical level the basic underlying assumption in that scheme is that Newton's second law holds. Relaxing the validity of this axiom by, e.g., allowing for higher order time derivatives in the equations of motion would allow for a more general structure of interactions. We derive the structure of interactions by means of a gauge principle and discuss the physics emerging from equations of motion of higher order. One main result is higher order derivatives induce a zitterbewegung. As a consequence the main motion resulting from the second order equation of motion is rather robust against modifications. The gauge principle leads to a gauge field with the property of a space metric. We confront this general scheme with experimental data.

Claus Lmmerzahl; Patricia Rademaker

2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

193

XMM-Newton spectral properties of the Ultraluminous IRAS Galaxy Mrk 273  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a 23 ks XMM-Newton observation of the ULIRG Mrk 273. The hard X-ray spectrum can be modeled by a highly absorbed power law plus an Fe Kalpha emission line. The iron line is broad, suggesting possible superposition of a neutral iron line at 6.4 keV, and a blend of ionized iron lines from Fe XXV and Fe XXVI. Given the relatively short exposure, the three line components can not be singularly resolved with high statistical significance: the neutral component is detected at ~2.5sigma and the Fe XXV line at ~2sigma c.l., while for the Fe XXVI line we can only estimate an upper limit. The broad band spectrum requires, in addition to a highly absorbed power law, at least three collisionally ionized plasma components, which may be associated with star-forming regions. The temperatures of the three plasmas are about 0.3, 0.8 and 6 keV, where the highest of the three is sufficient to produce ionized iron emission lines. An alternative interpretation for the origin of the soft emission might also be given in terms of reflection off some photoionized gas, as has been observed in a number of nearby Compton-thick Seyfert 2 galaxies. A hot gas, photoionized by the primary, continuum can also produce ionized iron lines. Unfortunately, given the limited statistics and the lack of high resolution spectroscopy, it is not possible to distinguish between the two models investigated. We further compare the XMM-Newton findings with the Chandra data obtaining consistent spectral results. The absorption corrected hard X-ray (2-10 keV) luminosity of Mrk 273 corresponds to ~0.2% of the far-IR luminosity, similar to typical values found in pure starbursts. The thermal contribution to the soft X-ray luminosity is ~0.2-0.7x10^42 erg s^-1, comparable to those found in NGC 6240 and other starburst dominated ULIRGs.

I. Balestra; Th. Boller; L. Gallo; D. Lutz; S. Hess

2005-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

194

Proposal for an experiment to search for Randall-Sundrum type corrections to Newton's law of gravitation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

String theory, as well as the string inspired brane-world models such as the Randall-Sundrum (RS) one, suggest a modification of Newton's law of gravitation at small distance scales. Search for modifications of standard gravity is an active field of research in this context. It is well known that short range corrections to gravity would violate the Newton-Birkhoff theorem. Based on calculations of RS type non-Newtonian forces for finite size spherical bodies, we propose a torsion balance based experiment to search for the effects of violation of this celebrated theorem valid in Newtonian gravity as well as the general theory of relativity. We explain the main principle behind the experiment and provide detailed calculations suggesting optimum values of the parameters of the experiment. The projected sensitivity is sufficient to probe the Randall-Sundrum parameter up to 10 microns.

Mofazzal Azam; M. Sami; C. S. Unnikrishnan; T. Shiromizu

2008-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

195

SEMINARS IN Food, wINE & THE ARTS a s e r i e s o f s e m i n a r s t o e d u c a t e a n d e n t e r t a i n  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Gastronomy Programs at BU; Television John Vyhnanek Harvard Street Grill Jasper White Jasper's; Jasper White

Spence, Harlan Ernest

196

The accretion environment in Vela X-1 during a flaring period using XMM-Newton  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present analysis of 100 ks contiguous XMM-Newton data of the prototypical wind accretor Vela X-1. The observation covered eclipse egress between orbital phases 0.134 and 0.265, during which a giant flare took place, enabling us to study the spectral properties both outside and during the flare. This giant flare with a peak luminosity of $3.92^{+0.42}_{-0.09} \\times 10^{37}$ erg s$^{-1}$ cm$^{-2}$ allows estimates of the physical parameters of the accreted structure with a mass of $\\sim$ $10^{21}$ g. We have been able to model several contributions to the observed spectrum with a phenomenological model formed by three absorbed power laws plus three emission lines. After analysing the variations with orbital phase of the column density of each component, as well as those in the Fe and Ni fluorescence lines, we provide a physical interpretation for each spectral component. Meanwhile, the first two components are two aspects of the principal accretion component from the surface of the neutron star, and the thi...

Martnez-Nez, Silvia; Khnel, Matthias; Kretschmar, Peter; Stuhlinger, Martin; Rodes-Roca, Jos Joaqun; Frst, Feliz; Kreykenbohm, Ingo; Martin-Carrillo, Antonio; Pollock, Andy M T; Wilms, Joern

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

XMM-Newton observes flaring in the polar UZ For during a low state  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

During an XMM-Newton observation, the eclipsing polar UZ For was found in a peculiar state with an extremely low X-ray luminosity and occasional X-ray and UV flaring. For most of the observation, UZ For was only barely detected in X-rays and about 800 times fainter than during a high state previously observed with ROSAT. A transient event, which lasted about 900 s, was detected simultaneously by the X-ray instruments and, in the UV, by the Optical Monitor. The transient was likely caused by the impact of 10^17-10^18 g of gas on the main accretion region of the white dwarf. The X-ray spectrum of the transient is consistent with 7 keV thermal bremsstrahlung from the shock-heated gas in the accretion column. A soft blackbody component due to reprocessing of X-rays in the white dwarf atmosphere is not seen. The likely origin of the UV emission during the transient is cyclotron radiation from the accretion column. We conclude from our analysis that the unusual flaring during the low state of UZ For was caused by intermittent increases of the mass transfer rate due to stellar activity on the secondary.

Dirk Pandel; France A. Cordova

2002-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

198

Effervescent heating: constraints from nearby cooling flow clusters observed with XMM-Newton  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have used deprojected radial density and temperature profiles of a sample of 16 nearby CF clusters observed with XMM-Newton to test whether the effervescent heating model can satisfactorily explain the dynamics of CF clusters. For each cluster we derived the required extra heating as a function of cluster-centric distance for various values of the unknown parameters $\\dot M$ (mass deposition rate) and $f_c$ (conduction efficiency). We fitted the extra heating curve using the AGN effervescent heating function and derived the AGN parameters $L$ (the time-averaged luminosity) and $r_0$ (the scale radius where the bubbles start rising in the ICM). While we do not find any solution with the effervescent heating model for only one object, we do show that AGN and conduction heating are not cooperating effectively for half of the objects in our sample. For most of the clusters we find that, when a comparison is possible, the derived AGN scale radius $r_0$ and the observed AGN jet extension have the same order of magnitude. The AGN luminosities required to balance radiative losses are substantially lowered if the fact that the AGN deposits energy within a finite volume is taken into account. For the Virgo cluster, we find that the AGN power derived from the effervescent heating model is in good agreement with the observed jet power.

Rocco Piffaretti; Jelle Kaastra

2006-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

199

THE XMM-NEWTON/EPIC X-RAY LIGHT CURVE ANALYSIS OF WR 6  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We obtained four pointings of over 100 ks each of the well-studied Wolf-Rayet star WR 6 with the XMM-Newton satellite. With a first paper emphasizing the results of spectral analysis, this follow-up highlights the X-ray variability clearly detected in all four pointings. However, phased light curves fail to confirm obvious cyclic behavior on the well-established 3.766 day period widely found at longer wavelengths. The data are of such quality that we were able to conduct a search for event clustering in the arrival times of X-ray photons. However, we fail to detect any such clustering. One possibility is that X-rays are generated in a stationary shock structure. In this context we favor a corotating interaction region (CIR) and present a phenomenological model for X-rays from a CIR structure. We show that a CIR has the potential to account simultaneously for the X-ray variability and constraints provided by the spectral analysis. Ultimately, the viability of the CIR model will require both intermittent long-term X-ray monitoring of WR 6 and better physical models of CIR X-ray production at large radii in stellar winds.

Ignace, R. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN 37663 (United States); Gayley, K. G. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52245 (United States); Hamann, W.-R.; Oskinova, L. M. [Institute for Physics and Astronomy, University Potsdam, D-14476 Potsdam (Germany); Huenemoerder, D. P. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research, 70 Vassar Street, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States); Pollock, A. M. T. [European Space Agency XMM-Newton Science Operations Centre, European Space Astronomy Centre, Apartado 78, Villanueva de la Caada, E-28691 Madrid (Spain); McFall, M., E-mail: ignace@etsu.edu [Department of Physics, 191 W. Woodruff Avenue, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States)

2013-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

200

The stellar content of the XMM-Newton Bright Serendipitous Survey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Context: The comparison of observed counts in a given sky direction with predictions by Galactic models yields constraints to the spatial distribution and the stellar birthrate of young stellar populations. In this work we present the results of the analysis of the stellar content of the XMM-Newton Bright Serendipitous Survey (XBSS). This unbiased survey includes a total of 58 stellar sources selected in the 0.5 -- 4.5 keV energy band, having a limiting sensitivity of $10^{-2}$ cnt s$^{-1}$ and covering an area of 28.10 sq. deg. Aims: Our main goal is to understand the recent star formation history of the Galaxy in the vicinity of the Sun. Methods: We compare the observations with the predictions obtained with XCOUNT, a model of the stellar X-ray content of the Galaxy. The model predicts the number and properties of the stars to be observed in terms of magnitude, colour, population and $f_\\mathrm{x}/f_\\mathrm{v}$ ratio distributions of the coronal sources detected with a given instrument and sensitivity in a specific sky direction. Results: As in other shallow surveys, we observe an excess of stars not predicted by our Galaxy model. Comparing the colours of the identified infrared counterparts with the model predictions, we observe that this excess is produced by yellow (G+K) stars. The study of the X-ray spectrum of each source reveals a main population of stars with coronal temperature stratification typical of intermediate-age stars. As no assumptions have been made for the selection of the sample, our results must be representative of the entire Solar Neighbourhood. Some stars show excess circumstellar absorption indicative of youth.

J. Lopez-Santiago; G. Micela; S. Sciortino; F. Favata; A. Caccianiga; R. Della Ceca; P. Severgnini; V. Braito

2006-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "newton jasper polk" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

New deep XMM-Newton observations to the west of the sigma Orionis cluster  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aims: The objective of this study is to determine the general X-ray properties of the young stars in the external regions of the sigma Orionis cluster (tau ~ 3 Ma, d ~ 385 pc) and yield constraints on the X-ray emission of brown dwarfs. Methods: We carried out a careful analysis of public data taken in an unexplored region to the west of the centre of the cluster with the three EPIC cameras onboard the XMM-Newton mission. We looked for new X-ray young stars among the 41 identified X-ray sources in the area with maximum likelihood parameters L > 15 by cross-correlation with the USNO-B1, DENIS, and 2MASS databases. Results: Based on colour-colour, colour-magnitude, and hardness ratio diagrams, and previous spectroscopic, astrometric, and infrared-flux excess information, we classified the optical/near-infrared counterparts of the X-ray sources into: young stars (15), field stars (4), galaxies (19), and sources of unknown nature (3). Most of the X-ray detections, including those of nine young stars, are new. We derived the X-ray properties (e.g. temperatures, metallicities, column densities) of the twelve young stars with the largest signal-to-noise ratios. The X-ray parameters determined here are in well agreement with those found in the cluster centre, where the stellar density is higher. There is no relation between infrared excess and column density from X-ray measurement in our data. We detected flaring events in two young stars of the sample. One of them showed a very large (~ 30) relative increase in flux. Both stars showed high coronal temperatures during the observation. Finally, we determined upper limits to the flux of the young stars and bright brown dwarfs not detected by our searching algorithm.

J. Lopez-Santiago; J. A. Caballero

2008-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

202

XMM-Newton Spectroscopy of the Cluster of Galaxies 2a 0335+096  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present here the results of a deep (130 ks) XMM-Newton observation of the cluster of galaxies 2A 0335+096. The deep exposure allows us to study in detail its temperature structure and its elemental abundances. We fit three different thermal models and find that the multi-temperature wdem model fits our data best. We find that the abundance structure of the cluster is consistent with a scenario where the relative number of Type Ia supernovae contributing to the enrichment of the intra-cluster medium is {approx}25%, while the relative number of core collapse supernovae is {approx}75%. Comparison of the observed abundances to the supernova yields does not allow us to put any constrains on the contribution of Pop III stars to the enrichment of the ICM. Radial abundance profiles show a strong central peak of both Type Ia and core collapse supernova products. Both the temperature and iron abundance maps show an asymmetry in the direction of the elongated morphology of the surface brightness. In particular the temperature map shows a sharp change over a brightness edge on the southern side of the core, which was identified as a cold front in the Chandra data. This suggests that the cluster is in the process of a merger with a subcluster. Moreover, we find that the blobs or filaments discovered in the core of the cluster by Chandra are, contrary to the previous results, colder than the ambient gas and they appear to be in pressure equilibrium with their environment.

Werner, Norbert; /SRON, Utrecht; de Plaa, J.; /SRON, Utrecht /Utrecht U.; Kaastra, J.S.; /SRON, Utrecht; Vink, Jacco; Bleeker, J.A.M.; /SRON, Utrecht /Utrecht U.; Tamura, T. /Sagamihara, Inst. Space Astron. Sci.; Peterson, J.R.; /KIPAC, Menlo Park; Verbunt, F.; /Utrecht U.

2006-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

203

Chemical Evolution in Sersic 159-03 Observed with Xmm-Newton  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using a new long X-ray observation of the cluster of galaxies Sersic 159-03 with XMM-Newton, we derive radial temperature and abundance profiles using single- and multi-temperature models. The fits to the EPIC and RGS spectra prefer multi-temperature models especially in the core. The radial profiles of oxygen and iron measured with EPIC/RGS and the line profiles in RGS suggest that there is a dip in the O/Fe ratio in the centre of the cluster compared to its immediate surroundings. A possible explanation for the large scale metallicity distribution is that SNIa and SNII products are released in the ICM through ram-pressure stripping of in-falling galaxies. This causes a peaked metallicity distribution. In addition, SNIa in the central cD galaxy enrich mainly the centre of the cluster with iron. This excess of SNIa products is consistent with the low O/Fe ratio we detect in the centre of the cluster. We fit the abundances we obtain with yields from SNIa, SNII and Population-III stars to derive the clusters chemical evolution. We find that the measured abundance pattern does not require a Population-III star contribution. The relative contribution of the number of SNIa with respect to the total number of SNe which enrich the ICM is about 25-50%. Furthermore, we discuss the possible presence of a non-thermal component in the EPIC spectra. A potential source of this non-thermal emission can be inverse-Compton scattering between Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) photons and relativistic electrons, which are accelerated in bow shocks associated with ram-pressure stripping of in-falling galaxies.

de Plaa, Jelle; Werner, N.; Bykov, A.M.; Kaastra, J.S.; Mendez, M.; Vink, J.; Bleeker, J.A.M.; Bonamente, M.; Peterson, J.R.; /SRON, Utrecht /Utrecht, Astron. Inst.

2006-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

204

REACTIVE TRANSPORT MODELING USING A PARALLEL FULLY-COUPLED SIMULATOR BASED ON PRECONDITIONED JACOBIAN-FREE NEWTON-KRYLOV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Systems of multicomponent reactive transport in porous media that are large, highly nonlinear, and tightly coupled due to complex nonlinear reactions and strong solution-media interactions are often described by a system of coupled nonlinear partial differential algebraic equations (PDAEs). A preconditioned Jacobian-Free Newton-Krylov (JFNK) solution approach is applied to solve the PDAEs in a fully coupled, fully implicit manner. The advantage of the JFNK method is that it avoids explicitly computing and storing the Jacobian matrix during Newton nonlinear iterations for computational efficiency considerations. This solution approach is also enhanced by physics-based blocking preconditioning and multigrid algorithm for efficient inversion of preconditioners. Based on the solution approach, we have developed a reactive transport simulator named RAT. Numerical results are presented to demonstrate the efficiency and massive scalability of the simulator for reactive transport problems involving strong solution-mineral interactions and fast kinetics. It has been applied to study the highly nonlinearly coupled reactive transport system of a promising in situ environmental remediation that involves urea hydrolysis and calcium carbonate precipitation.

Luanjing Guo; Chuan Lu; Hai Huang; Derek R. Gaston

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

SWIFT AND XMM-NEWTON OBSERVATIONS OF THE EXTRAORDINARY GAMMA-RAY BURST 060729: MORE THAN 125 DAYS OF X-RAY AFTERGLOW  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SWIFT AND XMM-NEWTON OBSERVATIONS OF THE EXTRAORDINARY GAMMA-RAY BURST 060729: MORE THAN 125 DAYS:1 and absorption column density of 1 ; 1021 cm?2 . Subject headinggs: gamma rays: bursts -- X-rays: bursts Online material: color figure 1. INTRODUCTION Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are the most powerful explosions

Zhang, Bing

206

DETECTION OF THE NEUPERT EFFECT IN THE CORONA OF AN RS CANUM VENATICORUM BINARY SYSTEM BY XMM-NEWTON AND THE VERY LARGE ARRAY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

¨renlingen und Villigen, CH-5232 Villigen PSI, Switzerland; guedel@astro.phys.ethz.ch, audardth Street, New York, NY 10027; behar@astro.columbia.edu Anthony J. Beasley Owens Valley Radio during a large, long-duration flare simultaneously with XMM-Newton and the Very Large Array. The light

Audard, Marc

207

Int. J. Computing Science and Mathematics, Vol. 3, Nos. 1/2, 2010 3 DSM of Newton type for solving operator equations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Int. J. Computing Science and Mathematics, Vol. 3, Nos. 1/2, 2010 3 DSM of Newton type for solving (DSM) for solving operator equation (*) F(u) = f. It is assumed that (*) is solvable. The novel feature differentiable, but no smoothness assumptions on F (u) are imposed. The DSM for solving equation (*) is developed

208

Programas condensados de los cursos bsicos de Maestra y Mecnica Clsica. Teoremas de conservacin. Revisin de las leyes de Newton. Principio de  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ferromagnetos. Campos variables en el tiempo: ley de inducción de Faraday, ley de Lenz, medios estacionarios conservación. Revisión de las leyes de Newton. Principio de D'Alembert. Desplazamientos virtuales. Ecuaciones, medios conductores, imanes. Electrostática: ley de Coulomb, campo eléctrico, cargas y ley de Gauss

209

GIS Data Services Specialist Forest disturbance and carbon cycling Location: Newton Square, Pennsylvania (U.S. Forest Service Northern Research Station)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GIS Data Services Specialist ­ Forest disturbance and carbon cycling Location: Newton Square Geographic Information System (GIS) and data management support for developing spatial databases sets and in applying analysis techniques and models within a GIS framework. A Master's or PhD degree

Lichstein, Jeremy W.

210

The WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey: constraining the evolution of Newton's constant using the growth rate of structure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We constrain the evolution of Newton's constant using the growth rate of large-scale structure measured by the WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey in the redshift range $0.1 Survey Luminous Red Galaxy (SDSS LRG) data is $\\ddotGeff(t_0)=-3.6\\pm 6.8\\cdot 10^{-21}h^2 \\rm{yr}^{-2}$, both being consistent with General Relativity. Finally, our constraint for the rms mass fluctuation $\\sigma_8$ using the WiggleZ data is $\\sigma_8=0.75 \\pm 0.08$, while using both the WiggleZ and the SDSS LRG data $\\sigma_8=0.77 \\pm 0.07$, both in good agreement with the latest measurements from the Cosmic Microwave Background radiation.

Savvas Nesseris; Chris Blake; Tamara Davis; David Parkinson

2011-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

211

HARD X-RAY EMISSION IN THE STAR-FORMING REGION ON 2: DISCOVERY WITH XMM-NEWTON  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We obtained X-ray XMM-Newton observations of the open cluster Berkeley 87 and the massive star-forming region (SFR) ON 2. In addition, archival infrared Spitzer Space Telescope observations were used to study the morphology of ON 2, to uncover young stellar objects, and to investigate their relationship with the X-ray sources. It is likely that the SFR ON 2 and Berkeley 87 are at the same distance, 1.23 kpc, and hence are associated. The XMM-Newton observations detected X-rays from massive stars in Berkeley 87 as well as diffuse emission from the SFR ON 2. The two patches of diffuse X-ray emission are encompassed in the shell-like H II region GAL 75.84+0.40 in the northern part of ON 2 and in the ON 2S region in the southern part of ON 2. The diffuse emission from GAL 75.84+0.40 suffers an absorption column equivalent to A{sub V} {approx} 28 mag. Its spectrum can be fitted either with a thermal plasma model at T {approx}> 30 MK or by an absorbed power-law model with gamma {approx} -2.6. The X-ray luminosity of GAL 75.84+0.40 is L{sub X} {approx} 6 x 10{sup 31} erg s{sup -1}. The diffuse emission from ON 2S is adjacent to the ultra-compact H II (UCH II) region Cygnus 2N, but does not coincide with it or with any other known UCH II region. It has a luminosity of L{sub X} {approx} 4 x 10{sup 31} erg s{sup -1}. The spectrum can be fitted with an absorbed power-law model with gamma {approx} -1.4. We adopt the view of Turner and Forbes that the SFR ON 2 is physically associated with the massive star cluster Berkeley 87 hosting the WO-type star WR 142. We discuss different explanations for the apparently diffuse X-ray emission in these SFRs. These include synchrotron radiation, invoked by the co-existence of strongly shocked stellar winds and turbulent magnetic fields in the star-forming complex, cluster wind emission, or an unresolved population of discrete sources.

Oskinova, L. M.; Hamann, W.-R.; Feldmeier, A. [Institute for Physics and Astronomy, University of Potsdam, 14476 Potsdam (Germany); Gruendl, R. A.; Chu, Y.-H. [Department of Astronomy, University of Illinois, 1002 West Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801 (United States); Ignace, R., E-mail: lida@astro.physik.uni-potsdam.d [Department of Physics and Astronomy, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN 37614 (United States)

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Hard X-Ray Emission in the Star-Forming Region ON2: Discovery with XMM-Newton  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We obtained X-ray XMM-Newton observations of the open cluster Berkeley87 and the massive star-forming region (SFR) ON2. In addition, archival infrared Spitzer Space Telescope observations were used to study the morphology of ON2, to uncover young stellar objects, and to investigate their relationship with the X-ray sources. It is likely that the SFR ON2 and Berkeley87 are at the same distance, 1.23kpc, and hence are associated. The XMM-Newton observations detected X-rays from massive stars in Berkeley87 as well as diffuse emission from the SFR ON2. The two patches of diffuse X-ray emission are encompassed in the shell-like H II region GAL75.84+0.40 in the northern part of ON2 and in the ON2S region in the southern part of ON2. The diffuse emission from GAL75.84+0.40 suffers an absorption column equivalent to A V ? 28mag. Its spectrum can be fitted either with a thermal plasma model at T 30MK or by an absorbed power-law model with ? ? 2.6. The X-ray luminosity of GAL75.84+0.40 is L X ? 6 ? 1031ergs1. The diffuse emission from ON2S is adjacent to the ultra-compact H II (UCH II) region Cygnus2N, but does not coincide with it or with any other known UCH II region. It has a luminosity of L X ? 4 ? 1031ergs1. The spectrum can be fitted with an absorbed power-law model with ? ? 1.4. We adopt the view of Turner & Forbes that the SFR ON2 is physically associated with the massive star cluster Berkeley87 hosting the WO-type star WR142. We discuss different explanations for the apparently diffuse X-ray emission in these SFRs. These include synchrotron radiation, invoked by the co-existence of strongly shocked stellar winds and turbulent magnetic fields in the star-forming complex, cluster wind emission, or an unresolved population of discrete sources.

L. M. Oskinova; R. A. Gruendl; R. Ignace; Y.-H. Chu; W.-R. Hamann; A. Feldmeier

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Capella Corona Revisited: a Combined View from Textit XMM-Newton RGS, Textit Chandra HETGS, and LETGS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a combined analysis of the X-ray emission of the Capella corona obtained with XMM-Newton RGS, Chandra HETGS, and LETGS. An improved atomic line database and a new differential emission measure (DEM) deconvolution method are developed for this purpose. Our new atomic database is based on the Astrophysical Plasma Emission Database and incorporates improved calculations of ionization equilibrium and line emissivities for L-shell ions of abundant elements using the Flexible Atomic Code. The new DEM deconvolution method uses a Markov Chain Monte-Carlo (MCMC) technique which differs from existing MCMC or {chi}{sup 2}-fitting based methods. We analyze the advantages and disadvantages of each individual instrument in determining the DEM and elemental abundances. We conclude that results from either RGS or HETGS data alone are not robust enough due to their failure to constrain DEM in some temperature region or the lack of significant continuum emission in the wavelength band of the spectrometers, and that the combination of HETGS and RGS gives more stringent constraints on the DEM and abundance determinations. Using the LETGS data, we show that the recently discovered inconsistencies between the EUV and X-ray lines of Fe XVIII and XIX also exist in more highly charged iron ions, up to Fe XXIII, and that enhanced interstellar absorption due to partially ionized plasma along the Capella line of sight may explain some, but not all, of these discrepancies.

Gu, Ming Feng; Gupta, R.; Peterson, J.R.; Sako, M.; Kahn, S.M.; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /KIPAC, Menlo Park

2006-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

214

XMM-NEWTON FINDS THAT SAX J1750.8-2900 MAY HARBOR THE HOTTEST, MOST LUMINOUS KNOWN NEUTRON STAR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have performed the first sensitive X-ray observation of the low-mass X-ray binary (LMXB) SAX J1750.8-2900 in quiescence with XMM-Newton. The spectrum was fit to both a classical blackbody model, and a non-magnetized, pure hydrogen neutron star (NS) atmosphere model. A power-law component was added to these models, but we found that it was not required by the fits. The distance to SAX J1750.8-2900 is known to be D = 6.79 kpc from a previous analysis of photospheric radius expansion bursts. This distance implies a bolometric luminosity (as given by the NS atmosphere model) of (1.05 {+-} 0.12) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 34} (D/6.79 kpc){sup 2} erg s{sup -1}, which is the highest known luminosity for a NS LMXB in quiescence. One simple explanation for this surprising result could be that the crust and core of the NS were not in thermal equilibrium during the observation. We argue that this was likely not the case, and that the core temperature of the NS in SAX J1750.8-2900 is unusually high.

Lowell, A. W.; Tomsick, J. A.; Bodaghee, A.; Boggs, S. E. [Space Sciences Laboratory, 7 Gauss Way, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-7450 (United States); Heinke, C. O. [Department of Physics, University of Alberta, Room 238 CEB, Edmonton, AB T6G 2G7 (Canada); Kaaret, P. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242 (United States); Chaty, S.; Rodriguez, J. [AIM-Astrophysique Instrumentation Modelisation (UMR 7158 CEA/CNRS/Universite Paris 7 Denis Diderot), CEA Saclay, DSM/IRFU/Service d'Astrophysique, Bat. 709, L'Orme des Merisiers, FR-91 191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (France); Walter, R., E-mail: alowell@ssl.berkeley.edu [INTEGRAL Science Data Centre, Observatoire de Geneve, Universite de Geneve, Chemin d'Ecogia, 16, 1290 Versoix (Switzerland)

2012-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

215

Jasper County, Indiana: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

7.1422895° 7.1422895° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.0040981,"lon":-87.1422895,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

216

Jasper County, Illinois: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

5°, -88.0900762° 5°, -88.0900762° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.0554965,"lon":-88.0900762,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

217

Jasper County, South Carolina: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

436°, -81.0754657° 436°, -81.0754657° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.491436,"lon":-81.0754657,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

218

Jasper County, Missouri: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

565°, -94.356513° 565°, -94.356513° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.1745565,"lon":-94.356513,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

219

Jasper County, Iowa: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

°, -93.0175712° °, -93.0175712° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.6414924,"lon":-93.0175712,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

220

Jasper, New York: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

22571°, -77.5030413° 22571°, -77.5030413° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.122571,"lon":-77.5030413,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "newton jasper polk" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Jasper County, Mississippi: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

9.1705998° 9.1705998° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.0810429,"lon":-89.1705998,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

222

LLNL Conducts First Plutonium Shot Using the JASPER Gas Gun ...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of the shocked plutonium. Shock physics experiments complement the ongoing subcritical experiment program at NTS as part of the NNSA's stockpile stewardship program to...

223

Jasper Johns in der Nachfolge des Ready-mades.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Die Arbeit untersucht, wie die Einfhrung des Ready-mades in die Kunstwelt die Arbeitsweise von Knstlern sowie die Produktion und Wahrnehmung von Kunstwerken beeinflusst hat. Dies (more)

Mayer, Lynette Mildred

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Jasper County, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

3.9878427° 3.9878427° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":30.9263644,"lon":-93.9878427,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

225

Detection of Nitrogen and Neon in the X-ray Spectrum of GP Com with XMM/Newton  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on X-ray spectroscopic observations with XMM/Newton of the ultracompact, double white dwarf binary, GP Com. With the Reflection Grating Spectrometers (RGS) we detect the Lyman alpha and beta lines of hydrogen-like nitrogen (N VII) and neon (Ne X), as well as the helium-like triplets (N VI and Ne IX) of these same elements. All the emission lines are unresolved. These are the first detections of X-ray emission lines from a double-degenerate, AM CVn system. We detect the resonance (r) and intercombination (i) lines of the N VI triplet, but not the forbidden (f) line. The implied line ratios for N VI, R = f/i < 0.3, and G = (f + i)/r ~1, combined with the strong resonance line are consistent with formation in a dense, collision-dominated plasma. Both the RGS and EPIC/MOS spectra are well fit by emission from an optically thin thermal plasma (model cevmkl in XSPEC). Helium, nitrogen, oxygen and neon are required to adequately model the spectrum, however, the inclusion of sulphur and iron further improves the fit, suggesting these elements may also be present at low abundance. We confirm in the X-rays the underabundance of both carbon and oxygen relative to nitrogen, first deduced from optical spectroscopy by Marsh et al. The average X-ray luminosity of ~3e30 ergs/s implies a mass accretion rate of ~9e-13 solar masses per year. The implied temperature and density of the emitting plasma, combined with the presence of narrow emission lines are consistent with production of the X-ray emission in an optically thin boundary layer just above the surface of the white dwarf.

Tod E. Strohmayer

2004-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

226

PolkCountyYouthFair Fair Dates -January 21-27, 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Training Session December 2, 2011 Chili Cook Off Contest and Vegetable entry forms due. Beef Breeding

Florida, University of

227

EA-1946: Salem-Albany Transmission Line Rebuild Project; Polk, Benton, Marion, and Linn Counties, Oregon  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Bonneville Power Administration is preparing an EA to assess the potential environmental impacts of the proposed rebuild of the 24-mile Salem-Albany No. 1 and 28-mile Salem-Albany No. 2 transmission lines between Salem and Albany, Oregon.

228

Chemical Composition of Soils of Cass, Dickens, Falls, Hardeman, Polk, Scurry, and Wheeler Counties.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, helps soils to hold a favorable amount of water, so as better to resist drouth. It aids to give a fine, crumbly structure to clay soils and enables them to break up into a gcod condition of tilth under the action of cul- tivating implements. It checks... widely out of agreement with figures for the same constituent in othcr samples of the same soil type were omitted from the averages. For example, two samples of Kirvin fine sandy loam in Cass County (Nos. 7112 and 7167) contained much more active...

Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach); Fudge, J. F. (Joseph Franklin)

1940-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

NEWTON: Rules of Science  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Rules of Science Rules of Science Name: Steven Status: other Grade: 12+ Location: WA Country: USA Date: Spring 2012 Question: What are the hard-and-fast rules of science? Are there any? How does science avoid becoming fiction? Replies: Interesting question. Since the question posed refers to some generic 'science', I would offer these few thoughts.... Science (to me) involves careful, precise observation of some natural or man-made phenomenon, accurately and objectively capturing the observation, honestly and objectively sharing of the captured data, fair and objective analysis of the captured data, and fair, honest, and objective efforts to test and thereby replicate the data in the interest of adding the gathered information to the ever-growing body of gathered, analyzed, tested and replicated knowledge we accept as the nearest thing to "fact" we know. Collection of the observed components of the phenomenon with integrity can help us to make predictions of future similar and dissimilar events

230

NEWTON's Weather Archive  

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Weather Archive: Weather Archive: Loading Most Recent Weather Questions: Acid Rain and Evaporation Effects Ground Temperature for Snow to 'Stick' Clouds and Time of Day Chart Scales on Vertical Velocity Chart Aneroid Barometers: Aircraft; Meteorology Air and Saturation Pressure Tornado Size and Vortex Spin Rate Polar Air Pressure Coldest Temperature in Atmosphere; Elevation Snow Clump Formation Relative Humidity, Temperature, Amount of Water Polar Weather Systems Bergeron Process Cloud Formation and Time of Day Hailstone Shape Threshold Values for Classifying Pressure Systems Rain Shadow Range Cloud Suspension Measuring Rainfall Why Does It Rain? Measuring Rainfall Dew Point and Dogs Size of Cloud from Shadow What is dBZ in Meteorology? Daily Temperature Lag To see all entries in the Weather

231

NEWTON's References About Mathematics  

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Math References Math References Do you have a great math reference link? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Reference Links: Steve Marsden's Chemistry Resources Discovery Education's Mathematics Guide Discovery Educators have provided a Mathematics Guide for Educators. Included are numerous links to sites that touch on almost every mathematic topic that you are interested in. The Ultimate Math Portal The Ultimate Math Portal Whether you are confused by multiplication, need extra practice with geometry proofs, find yourself struggling to understand logarithms, or you just want to know more about pi, you are sure to find what you need with this great list of math facts and resources. MathIsFun.com MathIsFun.com Here, math is explained in easy language, for your students to understand. Plus, there are puzzles, games, quizzes, worksheets and a forum for more exploration. This site is designed for K-12 kids, teachers and parents to enjoy.

232

NEWTON's Material Science Archive  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Materials Science Archive: Materials Science Archive: Loading Most Recent Materials Science Questions: Hydrogen Compounds and Heat Conduction Weaving Carbon Nanotubes Metal as Electrical Conductor, Not Thermal Steel Changes with Age PETE, Ultraviolet Light, Benefits Strength of Yarn by Spinning Each Substance Unique Density Alloy versus Constituent Density Knowing When Material is Melted Crystalline Metal Versus Metallic Glass and Conduction Super Glue, Surgery, and Skin Silica Gel Teflon Non-Stick Property Salt Crystal Formation Lubricating Rubber Bands and Elasticity Materials for Venus Probe Crystalline Solids and Lowest Energy Sodium Polycarbonate and Salt Water Early Adhesives Surface Energy and Temperature Separating Polypropylene, Polyester, and Nylon Factors Effecting Polymer Flexibility

233

NEWTON's Material Science Videos  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Material Science Videos Material Science Videos Do you have a great material science video? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Videos: University of Maryland - Material Science University of Maryland - Material Science The Department of Materials Science and Engineering offers a set of videos about various topics in material science to help students understand what material science is. Learn about plasma, polymers, liquid crystals and much more. LearnersTV.com - Material Science LearnersTV.com - Material Science LearnersTV.com offers a series of educational material science lectures that are available to the public for free. Learn about topics like polymers, non-crystalline solids, crystal geometry, phase diagrams, phase transformations and more. NanoWerk - Nanotechnology Videos NanoWerk - Nanotechnology Videos

234

NEWTON's Astronomy Videos  

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Astronomy References Astronomy References Do you have a great astronomy video? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Videos: Space.com NASA's Video Gallery NASA offers a vast multimedia gallery, including their own video gallery. Watch videos about exploration and other missions that NASA is doing right now. Watch and discover more about astronomy and our galaxy. European Space Agency - Video Gallery European Space Agency - Video Gallery The European Space Agency also offers a vast multimedia gallery. Look at images of deep space, see tons of videos about ESA missions, watch many animations, and much more! There is something for all! Astronomy Magazine Astronomy Magazine The editors of Astronomy Magazine bring you hundreds of different astronomy videos. New videos are added daily so there's always something new to watch.

235

NEWTON's Metric System Resources  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Please select any link below. Search this page, using your web browser's search function. Please select any link below. Search this page, using your web browser's search function. Metric System References Do you have a great metric reference link? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Reference Links: Metric (SI) References Metric (SI) References Having trouble with the metric system? Visit the National Institute of Standards and Technology's site about the rules and style conventions of the International System of Units (SI). The Metric System The Metric System Need another reference? Try this site provided by Wikipedia that discusses the metric system and its history in depth. Metric Converter Metric Converter Need to convert to Metric? OnlineConversion.com allows you to convert just about anything to just about anything else. This will let you easily from metric to US Standard notation, and vice versa.

236

NEWTON: Determining Material Degradation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Determining Material Degradation Determining Material Degradation Name: Hamish Status: student Grade: 6-8 Location: CA Country: USA Date: Summer 2013 Question: I am working on a science project about photo-degradation of plastic film. My question is how much degraded a plastic film should be to say that it was 100% photo-degraded? The plastic film I am photo-degrading is turning into dust when I touch it, what level of degradation is that? Replies: Hi Hamish, Thanks for the question. You will need to define what you mean by photo-degraded. 100% photo-degraded could be that the film becomes translucent and lets through only blurry images. Or it could mean that the film turns to dust when you touch it. As long as you clearly state in your science project what you mean by 100% photo-degraded, you will be doing a good job.

237

NEWTON's Botany References  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Botany References Botany References Do you have a great botany video? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Videos: AOL News AOL News - Botany Videos AOL news provides hundreds of botany videos from around the world. View informational and instructional videos as well as interviews about the latest botany topics and discoveries. NeoK12 Plant Videos NeoK12 - Every Plant Topic Imaginable Explore videos encompassing every category dealing with plants. Learn about photosynthesis, plant evolution, reproduction, and many more plant related videos. Fungus Image Fungi Videos BBC Nature provides informational videos about fugni and other organisms. Learn and explore a wide variety of topics concerning the fungus kingdom. Other Botany Videos: Botany Videos for Kids Look at various botany videos geared towards a younger audience.

238

NEWTON: What is Equilibrium  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

What is Equilibrium? What is Equilibrium? Name: Lisa Status: student Grade: 6-8 Location: CA Country: USA Date: Spring 2012 Question: What is equilibrium? Are molecules still moving at equilibrium? Replies: Lisa, Imagine a seesaw (teeter-totter). If we start the seesaw parallel to the ground, put two objects, one on each end, and the objects have the same mass, the seesaw does not move. This is what is considered a static equilibrium - a balance. Nothing is changing. The object may move around, but as long as they stay on the same side of the seesaw, the balance is maintained. There is another way for the balance to be maintained. Suppose we put two jugglers, one on each end of the seesaw. Let's say the jugglers have the same mass and each hold four balls. The seesaw will also not move, remain parallel to the ground, when the jugglers toss the balls to each other - as long as they pass the balls to each other at the same rate so that the weights essentially remains the same on both ends. This is considered a dynamic equilibrium - things are moving back and forth, but a balance is maintained. In dynamic equilibrium, there is change (there is transfer between the two jugglers), but there is no net change (each juggler still ends up with the same overall mass).

239

NEWTON's Material Science References  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Material Science References Material Science References Do you have a great material science reference link? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Reference Links: Materials Research Society Materials Research Society The Materials Research Society has assembled many resources in its Materials Science Enthusiasts site. This site has information for the K-12 audience, general public, and materials science professionals. Material Science nanoHUB nanHUB.org is the place for nanotechnology research, education, and collaboration. There are Simulation Programs, Online Presentations, Courses, Learning Modules, Podcasts, Animations, Teaching Materials, and more. (Intened for high school and up) Materials Science Resources on the Web Materials Science Resources on the Web This site gives a good general introduction into material science. Sponsered by Iowa State, it talks about what material science is, ceramics and composites, and other topics.

240

NEWTON's Botany References  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Botany References Botany References Do you have a great botany reference link? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Reference Links: Dave's Garden - Plant Database Dave's Garden - Plant Database Visit Dave's Garden with information and photos for 185,359 different plants! United States Department of Agriculture Plant Database USDA PLANTS Database The PLANTS Database provides standardized information about the vascular plants, mosses, liverworts, hornworts, and lichens of the U.S. and its territories. Search over 40,000 plant images of US plants. Botany.com Botany.com Botany.com offers an encyclopedia of flowers and plants and resources to help people learn how to identify any different kinds of plants. Plant Kingdom This is a good reference for looking at the plant kingdom.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "newton jasper polk" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

NEWTON's Molecular Biology References  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Molecular Biology References Molecular Biology References Do you have a great reference link? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Reference Links: The Vitual Museum of Bacteria The Vitual Museum of Bacteria Visit the virtual museum of bacteria to learn more about bacteria and germs! This site brings together many links on bacteria, bacteriology, and related topics available on the web. It also provides crystal-clear information about many aspects of bacteria. The American Society of Cell Biology Cell Biology Educational Resources This site, sponsered by the American Society of Cell Biology, provides additional web links to everything from, general educational sites, to biology course materials, to teaching tools and more. National Center for Biotechnology Information National Center for Biotechnology Information

242

NEWTON's General Science References  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

General Science References General Science References Do you have a great general science reference link? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Reference Links: First.gov Science and Technology First.gov Science and Technology This site, sponsered by the US Government provides reference links to topics on science, telecommunications, computers, research agencies, and news. NASA Science NASA Science NASA Science, is a website sponsered by NASA, that supplies resources for understanding our world and the world above. Topics include earth science, heliophysics, the planets, astrophysics and much more. There is also an educator page! Nobel Laueate Listings and Stories Nobel Laueate Listings and Stories See the official site for the Nobel Prize, and read biographies about all of the Nobel Laureates, and there life changing discoveries and accomplishments.

243

NEWTON's Mathematics Archive  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mathematics Archive: Mathematics Archive: Loading Most Recent Questions on Mathematics: Standard Deviations Discontinuous Function Integration Secant, Cosecant, and Cotangent Uses Least Overlap Combinations Elliptical Appearance and Viewing Angle Combinations in Rotations Three Heads in Row on Flips Pi and Rectangle Gaussian Curve Summations Decimal System and Double Digits Multiples of Nine, Digit Sum Mathematics Log Books Tutorial on the term Term Functions Origin of Theta Equation for Pi Origin of FOIL Method Arabic Numerals and Shape 45 Degrees Does Not Halve Gravitational Field Intensity Bar for Repeating Decimals Term Size of Infinity Estimating Contrail Height Correlation and Causation Cube and Sphere Surface Area and Relative Size Solving X^2 = 2^X To see all entries in the Mathematics

244

Implementation of the Jacobian-free Newton-Krylov method for solving the for solving the first-order ice sheet momentum balance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have implemented the Jacobian-free Newton-Krylov (JFNK) method for solving the rst-order ice sheet momentum equation in order to improve the numerical performance of the Community Ice Sheet Model (CISM), the land ice component of the Community Earth System Model (CESM). Our JFNK implementation is based on signicant re-use of existing code. For example, our physics-based preconditioner uses the original Picard linear solver in CISM. For several test cases spanning a range of geometries and boundary conditions, our JFNK implementation is 1.84-3.62 times more efficient than the standard Picard solver in CISM. Importantly, this computational gain of JFNK over the Picard solver increases when rening the grid. Global convergence of the JFNK solver has been signicantly improved by rescaling the equation for the basal boundary condition and through the use of an inexact Newton method. While a diverse set of test cases show that our JFNK implementation is usually robust, for some problems it may fail to converge with increasing resolution (as does the Picard solver). Globalization through parameter continuation did not remedy this problem and future work to improve robustness will explore a combination of Picard and JFNK and the use of homotopy methods.

Salinger, Andy [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL); Evans, Katherine J [ORNL; Lemieux, Jean-Francois [New York University; Holland, David [New York University; Payne, Tony [University of Bristol, UK; Price, Stephen [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Knoll, Dana [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

LoCuSS: A COMPARISON OF CLUSTER MASS MEASUREMENTS FROM XMM-NEWTON AND SUBARU-TESTING DEVIATION FROM HYDROSTATIC EQUILIBRIUM AND NON-THERMAL PRESSURE SUPPORT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We compare X-ray hydrostatic and weak-lensing mass estimates for a sample of 12 clusters that have been observed with both XMM-Newton and Subaru. At an over-density of DELTA = 500, we obtain 1 - M {sup X}/M {sup WL} = 0.01 +- 0.07 for the whole sample. We also divided the sample into undisturbed and disturbed sub-samples based on quantitative X-ray morphologies using asymmetry and fluctuation parameters, obtaining 1 - M {sup X}/M {sup WL} = 0.09 +- 0.06 and -0.06 +- 0.12 for the undisturbed and disturbed clusters, respectively. In addition to non-thermal pressure support, there may be a competing effect associated with adiabatic compression and/or shock heating which leads to overestimate of X-ray hydrostatic masses for disturbed clusters, for example, in the famous merging cluster A1914. Despite the modest statistical significance of the mass discrepancy, on average, in the undisturbed clusters, we detect a clear trend of improving agreement between M {sup X} and M {sup WL} as a function of increasing over-density, M{sup X}/M{sup WL}=(0.908+-0.004)+(0.187+-0.010){center_dot} log{sub 10}(DELTA/500). We also examine the gas mass fractions, f{sub gas} = M {sup gas}/M {sup WL}, finding that they are an increasing function of cluster radius, with no dependence on dynamical state, in agreement with predictions from numerical simulations. Overall, our results demonstrate that XMM-Newton and Subaru are a powerful combination for calibrating systematic uncertainties in cluster mass measurements.

Zhang, Yu-Ying [Argelander-Institut fuer Astronomie, Universitaet Bonn, Auf dem Huegel 71, 53121 Bonn (Germany); Okabe, Nobuhiro [Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, P.O. Box 23-141, 10617 Taipei, Taiwan (China); Finoguenov, Alexis [Max-Planck-Institut fuer extraterrestrische Physik, Giessenbachstrasse, 85748 Garching (Germany); Smith, Graham P.; Sanderson, Alastair J. R. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B152TT (United Kingdom); Piffaretti, Rocco [CEA, CEA-Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (France); Valdarnini, Riccardo [SISSA/ISAS, via Beirut 4, 34014 Trieste (Italy); Babul, Arif [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Victoria, 3800 Finnerty Road, Victoria, BC (Canada); Evrard, August E. [Department of Physics and Michigan Center for Theoretical Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States); Mazzotta, Pasquale [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Roma 'Tor Vergata', Via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, I-00133 Rome (Italy); Marrone, Daniel P., E-mail: yyzhang@astro.uni-bonn.d [Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States)

2010-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

246

XMM-Newton observations of the TeV BL Lac object PKS 2155--304 in 2006: signature of inverse Compton X-ray emission?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper reports the first discovery of possible inverse Compoton (IC) X-ray emission below 10 keV in the typical high-energy peaked BL Lac object (HBL) PKS 2155--304. Two XMM-Newton observations performed in 2006 reveal that the 0.6--10 keV X-ray spectra of the source harden ($\\Delta\\Gamma \\sim$ 0.1--0.3) at break energies of about 4 keV. The concave X-ray spectra of the source could be easily interpretated by a mixture of a steep component (i.e., the high energy tail of the synchrotron emission) and a flat one (i.e., the low energy side of the IC emission). However, the steep spectra ($\\Gamma \\sim$ 2.3) in the hard X-rays indicate that the synchrotron emission still domiantes over the IC one, while the latter is effectively present and perceived as flattening the synchrotron spectrum in this energy range. The quasi-simultaneous optical-UV-X-ray spectral energy distributions (SEDs) obtained with XMM-Newton suggest that the concave X-ray spectra of the source could be the result of down-ward shift of the synchrotron peak frequency to the optical band, incuring the IC emisssion to become more important in the hard ($\\sim 4$--10 keV) X-ray band with respective to other cases in which the synchrotron emission peaks in the UV-soft-X-ray range. This discovery provides a new clue for a smooth transition between HBLs and the low-energy peaked BL Lac objects (LBLs).

Y. H. Zhang

2008-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

247

From the Frontlines to the Bottom Line: Medical Marijuana, the War on Drugs, and the Drug Policy Reform Movement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Corporation: Los Angeles. Jasper, James. 1997. The Art ofby Polletta (1998) and Jasper (1997) speaking events (

Heddleston, Thomas Reed

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Oecologia (Berlin)(1983)60:396-400 Photosynthesis and water relations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

described here was carried out at the Jasper Ridge Biologi- cal Preserve of Stanford University. Jasper

249

Extending Intelligent Learning Environments with Teachable Agents to Enhance Learning1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adventures of Jasper Woodbury Series [1] for teaching trip planning problems. The Jasper adventures teach com

250

The dark haloes of early-type galaxies in low-density environments: XMM-Newton and Chandra observations of NGC 57, NGC 7796 and IC 1531  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present analysis of Chandra and XMM-Newton observations of three early-type galaxies, NGC 57, NGC 7796 and IC 1531. All three are found in very low density environments, and appear to have no neighbours of comparable size. NGC 57 has a halo of kT~0.9 keV, solar metallicity gas, while NGC 7796 and IC 1531 both have ~0.55 keV, 0.5-0.6 Zsol haloes. IC 1531 has a relatively compact halo, and we consider it likely that gas has been removed from the system by the effects of AGN heating. For NGC 57 and NGC 7796 we estimate mass, entropy and cooling time profiles and find that NGC 57 has a fairly massive dark halo with a mass-to-light ratio of 44.7 (4.0,-8.5) Msol/Lsol (1 sigma uncertainties) at 4.75 Re. This is very similar to the mass-to-light ratio found for NGC 4555 and confirms that isolated ellipticals can possess sizable dark matter haloes. We find a significantly lower mass-to-light ratio for NGC 7796, 10.6 (+2.5,-2.3) Msol/Lsol at 5 Re, and discuss the possibility that NGC 7796 hosts a galactic wind, causing us to underestimate its mass.

E. O'Sullivan; A. J. R. Sanderson; T. J. Ponman

2007-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

251

Application of a XMM-Newton EPIC Monte Carlo to Analysis And Interpretation of Data for Abell 1689, RXJ0658-55 And the Centaurus Clusters of Galaxies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We propose a new Monte Carlo method to study extended X-ray sources with the European Photon Imaging Camera (EPIC) aboard XMM Newton. The Smoothed Particle Inference (SPI) technique, described in a companion paper, is applied here to the EPIC data for the clusters of galaxies Abell 1689, Centaurus and RXJ 0658-55 (the ''bullet cluster''). We aim to show the advantages of this method of simultaneous spectral-spatial modeling over traditional X-ray spectral analysis. In Abell 1689 we confirm our earlier findings about structure in temperature distribution and produce a high resolution temperature map. We also confirm our findings about velocity structure within the gas. In the bullet cluster, RXJ 0658-55, we produce the highest resolution temperature map ever to be published of this cluster allowing us to trace what looks like the motion of the bullet in the cluster. We even detect a south to north temperature gradient within the bullet itself. In the Centaurus cluster we detect, by dividing up the luminosity of the cluster in bands of gas temperatures, a striking feature to the north-east of the cluster core. We hypothesize that this feature is caused by a subcluster left over from a substantial merger that slightly displaced the core. We conclude that our method is very powerful in determining the spatial distributions of plasma temperatures and very useful for systematic studies in cluster structure.

Andersson, Karl E.; /Stockholm U. /SLAC; Peterson, J.R.; /Purdue U. /KIPAC, Menlo Park; Madejski, G.M.; /SLAC /KIPAC, Menlo Park

2007-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

252

A Fundamental, Relativistic and Irreversible Law of Motion: A Unification of Newton's Second Law of Motion and the Second Law of Thermodynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Temperature is an outsider in the laws of motion given by Newton and Einstein and this oversight is the source of the predictions of time-reversal-invariance made by these two great systems of motion. By taking into consideration Planck's law of blackbody radiation and the Doppler effect, in thinking about Maxwell's electromagnetic wave equation, I have shown that photons, in the environment through which any charged particle moves, act as a source of temperature-dependent friction on everything from elementary particles to galaxies. Because the optomechanical friction is universal and inevitable, no real systems are conservative, and temperature can no longer be an outsider in a fundamental and irreducible law of motion. I have defined the change of entropy (\\Delta S) in irreversible systems at constant temperature in terms of the optomechanical friction. The Second Law of Thermodynamics, which states that \\Delta S > 0 for spontaneous processes, is explained by electromagnetic interactions between charged particles and the Doppler-shifted photons through which they move as opposed to chance and statistics. \\Delta S, as defined here, is not subject to Poincar\\'e's recurrence theorem. Consequently, the Second Law of Thermodynamics is shown to be a fundamental law rather than a statistical law. This result, which supports the idea that every instant of time is unique, is consistent with intuition and the routine experience of botanists.

Randy Wayne

2012-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

253

XMM-Newton Monitoring of the Close Pre-main-sequence Binary AK Sco. Evidence of Tide-driven Filling of the Inner Gap in the Circumbinary Disk  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

AK Sco stands out among pre-main-sequence binaries because of its prominent ultraviolet excess, the high eccentricity of its orbit, and the strong tides driven by it. AK Sco consists of two F5-type stars that get as close as 11 R * at periastron passage. The presence of a dense (ne ~ 1011 cm3) extended envelope has been unveiled recently. In this article, we report the results from an XMM-Newton-based monitoring of the system. We show that at periastron, X-ray and UV fluxes are enhanced by a factor of ~3 with respect to the apastron values. The X-ray radiation is produced in an optically thin plasma with T ~ 6.4 ? 106 K and it is found that the N H column density rises from 0.35 ? 1021 cm2 at periastron to 1.11 ? 1021 cm2 at apastron, in good agreement with previous polarimetric observations. The UV emission detected in the Optical Monitor band seems to be caused by the reprocessing of the high-energy magnetospheric radiation on the circumstellar material. Further evidence of the strong magnetospheric disturbances is provided by the detection of line broadening of 278.7km s1 in the N V line with Hubble Space Telescope/Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph. Numerical simulations of the mass flow from the circumbinary disk to the components have been carried out. They provide a consistent scenario with which to interpret AK Sco observations. We show that the eccentric orbit acts like a gravitational piston. At apastron, matter is dragged efficiently from the inner disk border, filling the inner gap and producing accretion streams that end as ring-like structures around each component of the system. At periastron, the ring-like structures come into contact, leading to angular momentum loss, and thus producing an accretion outburst.

Ana Ins Gmez de Castro; Javier Lpez-Santiago; Antonio Talavera; A. Yu. Sytov; D. Bisikalo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Investigation of Cooling and Dehumidification Energy Use and Indoor Thermal Conditions in Polk County Schools Permanent Replacement Classroom Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of this research was to compare the energy consumption and interior conditions of the autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC) construction with an unvented roof assembly to that of the conventional metal framing and concrete panel buildings. Four buildings, 2 metal...

Moyer, N. A.; Cummings, J. B.; Chasar, D.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

GOMA 6.0 : a full-Newton finite element program for free and moving boundary problems with coupled fluid/solid momentum, energy, mass, and chemical species transport : user%3CU%2B2019%3Es guide.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Goma 6.0 is a finite element program which excels in analyses of multiphysical processes, particularly those involving the major branches of mechanics (viz. fluid/solid mechanics, energy transport and chemical species transport). Goma is based on a full-Newton-coupled algorithm which allows for simultaneous solution of the governing principles, making the code ideally suited for problems involving closely coupled bulk mechanics and interfacial phenomena. Example applications include, but are not limited to, coating and polymer processing flows, super-alloy processing, welding/soldering, electrochemical processes, and solid-network or solution film drying. This document serves as a user's guide and reference.

Schunk, Peter Randall; Rao, Rekha Ranjana; Chen, Ken Shuang; Labreche, Duane A.; Sun, Amy Cha-Tien; Hopkins, Matthew Morgan; Moffat, Harry K.; Roach, Robert Allen; Hopkins, Polly L.; Notz, Patrick K.; Roberts, Scott Alan; Sackinger, Philip A.; Subia, Samuel Ramirez; Wilkes, Edward Dean; Baer, Thomas A.; Noble, David R.; Secor, Robert B. [3M Engineering Systems and Technology, St. Paul, MN] [3M Engineering Systems and Technology, St. Paul, MN

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

In danger of undoing: The Literary Imagination of Apprentices in Early Modern London  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

enjoy the treat of a play. Jasper Merrythought, the son of as four prentices. By any standard, Jasper is a near perfectfrequenting theaters. Jasper freely professes to Venturewell

Drosdick, Alan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Transforming everyday life: Islamism and social movement theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Littlefield. Goodwin, J. , & Jasper, J. M. (2004b). TroubleIn J. Goodwin & J. M. Jasper (Eds. ), Rethinking socialLittlefield. Goodwin, J. , Jasper, J. M. , & Polletta, F. (

Tu?al, Cihan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

On the Formation of Cirques by Glaciers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

processes in Surprise Valley, Jasper National Park, Albertafrom Surprise Valley, Jasper National Park, Canada Earthheights of hanging valleys, Jasper National Park, Alberta,

Sanders, John Webb

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Maintenance of Parent Strategies is Associated with Pre-Treatment Parent Fidelity, Treatment Assignment, and Post Treatment Community Services  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fuller, A. (2011). JASPER: Interventionist workshops atjoint attention intervention (JASPER) in which the specificlevel of naturally occurring JASPER fidelity pre-treatment.

Fuller, Amy

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

A Romeo Club in a Donut Shop  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

switchblade? inquired Jasper earnestly. Ha! Yep, replieda mid-eastern switchblade. Jasper passed the knife over tosome combination including Lester, Jasper, Orville, Raymond,

Murphy, Scott Patrick

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "newton jasper polk" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

An Exploration of Joint Attention and Friendship in Preschool Children with Autism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fuller, A. (2012, May). JASPER Training. Oral presentationDeployment Focused Model of JASPER for Preschoolers UCLAPlay Engagement Regulation (JASPER), an evidence-based early

Chang, Ya-Chih

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

The Work of Art in the Age of Deindustrialization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Deindustrialization By Jasper Quentin Bernes A dissertationof Deindustrialization by Jasper Quentin Bernes Doctor ofAge of Deindustrialization Jasper Bernes i Acknowledgments

Bernes, Jasper

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Overcoming 'Other-ness' : a comparative analysis of transnational activist collective identity formation among World Social Forum activists and HIV/AIDS healthworkers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

p. 36-37 Polletta, F. , & Jasper, J. , ?Collective Identityp. 293 Polletta, F. , & Jasper, J. , ?Collective Identityp. 294 Polletta, F. , & Jasper, J. , ?Collective Identity

Kohler, Kristopher Michael; Kohler, Kristopher Michael

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Gemstones  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Microcrystalline quartz jasper (mainly granular/ non-chalcedony and granular jasper), but are inconsistently usedno mine known, but red jasper is commonly associated with

Harrell, James

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Driving Demand for Home Energy Improvements: Motivating residential customers to invest in comprehensive upgrades that eliminate energy waste, avoid high utility bills, and spur the economy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Alberta Power Limited Jasper Energy Efficiency Project,Profile #107. Jasper, Alberta. The Results Center. LINKREEP) (page 94) 5. Jasper Energy Efficiency Project (JEEP) (

Fuller, Merrian C.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Review: Manufacturing National Park Nature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Wilderness Industry of Jasper By J. Keri Cronin Reviewedthe Wilderness Industry of Jasper. Vancouver, BC: UBC Press,how photographic images of Jasper National Park in Alberta,

Mason, Fred

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

California's Safe Routes to School Program: Impacts on Walking, Bicycling, and Pedestrian Safety  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pavement crosswalk lighting Jasper Elementary In-pavement ?projects. ans (Glenoaks, Jasper, and Valley Elementary) andvehicle speeds (Glenoaks, Jasper, and Valley Elementary,

Boarnet, Marlon G.; Day, Kristen; Anderson, Craig; McMillan, Tracy; Alfonzo, Mariela

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Scherr & Redish Newton's Zeroth Law Newton's Zeroth Law  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, but to listen to them carefully. This helps us to find out "where they are" in order to better understand what lecture serves 100-200 students, most of whom are health and life science majors and most of whom the Fall of 2000, the Physics Education Research Group at the University of Maryland has been reforming

Maryland at College Park, University of

269

XMM-NEWTON MONITORING OF THE CLOSE PRE-MAIN-SEQUENCE BINARY AK SCO. EVIDENCE OF TIDE-DRIVEN FILLING OF THE INNER GAP IN THE CIRCUMBINARY DISK  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

AK Sco stands out among pre-main-sequence binaries because of its prominent ultraviolet excess, the high eccentricity of its orbit, and the strong tides driven by it. AK Sco consists of two F5-type stars that get as close as 11 R{sub *} at periastron passage. The presence of a dense (n{sub e} {approx} 10{sup 11} cm{sup -3}) extended envelope has been unveiled recently. In this article, we report the results from an XMM-Newton-based monitoring of the system. We show that at periastron, X-ray and UV fluxes are enhanced by a factor of {approx}3 with respect to the apastron values. The X-ray radiation is produced in an optically thin plasma with T {approx} 6.4 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 6} K and it is found that the N{sub H} column density rises from 0.35 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 21} cm{sup -2} at periastron to 1.11 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 21} cm{sup -2} at apastron, in good agreement with previous polarimetric observations. The UV emission detected in the Optical Monitor band seems to be caused by the reprocessing of the high-energy magnetospheric radiation on the circumstellar material. Further evidence of the strong magnetospheric disturbances is provided by the detection of line broadening of 278.7 km s{sup -1} in the N V line with Hubble Space Telescope/Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph. Numerical simulations of the mass flow from the circumbinary disk to the components have been carried out. They provide a consistent scenario with which to interpret AK Sco observations. We show that the eccentric orbit acts like a gravitational piston. At apastron, matter is dragged efficiently from the inner disk border, filling the inner gap and producing accretion streams that end as ring-like structures around each component of the system. At periastron, the ring-like structures come into contact, leading to angular momentum loss, and thus producing an accretion outburst.

Gomez de Castro, Ana Ines [S. D. Astronomia y Geodesia and Instituto de Matematica Interdisciplinar, Fac. de CC Matematicas, Universidad Complutense, E-28040 Madrid (Spain)] [S. D. Astronomia y Geodesia and Instituto de Matematica Interdisciplinar, Fac. de CC Matematicas, Universidad Complutense, E-28040 Madrid (Spain); Lopez-Santiago, Javier [Departamento de Astrofisica, Fac de CC Fisicas, Universidad Complutense, E-28040 Madrid (Spain)] [Departamento de Astrofisica, Fac de CC Fisicas, Universidad Complutense, E-28040 Madrid (Spain); Talavera, Antonio [European Space Astronomy Center, Villanueva de la Canada, E-28691, Madrid (Spain)] [European Space Astronomy Center, Villanueva de la Canada, E-28691, Madrid (Spain); Sytov, A. Yu.; Bisikalo, D. [Institute of Astronomy of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Pyatnitskaya St. 48, 109017 Moscow (Russian Federation)] [Institute of Astronomy of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Pyatnitskaya St. 48, 109017 Moscow (Russian Federation)

2013-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

270

XMM-NEWTON X-RAY AND ULTRAVIOLET OBSERVATIONS OF THE FAST NOVA V2491 Cyg DURING THE SUPERSOFT SOURCE PHASE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two XMM-Newton observations of the fast classical nova V2491 Cyg were carried out in short succession on days 39.93 and 49.62 after discovery, during the supersoft source (SSS) phase, yielding simultaneous X-ray and UV light curves and high-resolution X-ray spectra. The first X-ray light curve is highly variable, showing oscillations with a period of 37.2 minutes after an extended factor of three decline lasting {approx}3 hr, while the second X-ray light curve is less variable. The cause of the dip is currently unexplained and has most likely the same origin as similar events in the early SSS light curves of the novae V4743 Sgr and RS Oph, as it occurred on the same timescale. The oscillations are not present during the dip minimum and also not in the second observation. The UV light curves are variable but contain no dips and no period. High-resolution X-ray spectra are presented for four intervals of differing intensity. All spectra are atmospheric continua with deep absorption lines and absorption edges. Two interstellar lines of O I and N I are clearly seen at their rest wavelengths, while a large number of high-ionization absorption lines are found at blueshifts indicating an expansion velocity of 3000-3400 km s{sup -1}, which does not change significantly during the epochs of observation. Comparisons with the slower nova V4743 Sgr and the symbiotic recurrent nova RS Oph are presented. The SSS spectrum of V4743 Sgr is much softer with broader and more complex photospheric absorption lines. The ejecta are extended, allowing us to view a larger range of the radial velocity profile. Meanwhile, the absorption lines in RS Oph are as narrow as in V2491 Cyg, but they are less blueshifted. A remarkable similarity in the continua of V2491 Cyg and RS Oph is found. The only differences are smaller line shifts and additional emission lines in RS Oph that are related to the presence of a dense stellar wind from the evolved companion. Three unidentified absorption lines are present in the X-ray spectra of all three novae, with projected rest wavelengths 26.05 A, 29.45 A, and 30.0 A. No entirely satisfactory spectral model is currently available for the soft X-ray spectra of novae in outburst, and careful discussion of assumptions is required.

Ness, J.-U. [XMM-Newton Science Operations Centre, ESA, Madrid (Spain); Osborne, J. P.; Page, K. L.; Beardmore, A. P. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, Leicester, LE1 7RH (United Kingdom); Dobrotka, A. [Department of Physics, Institute of Materials Science, Faculty of Materials Science and Technology, Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, 91724 Trnava (Slovakia); Drake, J. J. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Pinto, C.; Detmers, R. G. [SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research, 3584 CA Utrecht (Netherlands); Schwarz, G. [American Astronomical Society, Washington, DC 20009-1231 (United States); Bode, M. F. [Astrophysics Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, Birkenhead CH41 1LD (United Kingdom); Starrfield, S. [School of Earth and Space Exploration, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287-1404 (United States); Hernanz, M. [Institut de Ciencies de l'Espai (CSIC-IEEC), Campus UAB, Facultat de Ciencies, 08193 Bellaterra (Barcelona) (Spain); Sala, G. [Departament Fisica i Enginyeria Nuclear, EUETIB (UPC-IEEC), 08036 Barcelona (Spain); Krautter, J. [Landessternwarte Koenigstuhl, Universitaet Heidelberg, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Woodward, C. E. [Department of Astronomy, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (United States)

2011-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

271

NEWTON: Why Does It Rain  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Why Does It Rain? Why Does It Rain? Name: Drama Status: student Grade: K-3 Location: FL Country: USA Date: Fall 2011 Question: Why does it rain? Replies: Drama, When water is heated it evaporates into the air. You cannot see the water in the air, but sometimes you can feel it (especially when it is hot outside). Have you ever noticed that on some warm days it is really humid (sticky and sweaty) and other warm days it feels dry? You might have also noticed that in the morning, when the air is cool, you might find dew or mist on the leaves and grass. This occurs because cold air cannot hold much of moisture. There is a limit to the amount of water that air can hold. This limit is known as the saturation limit (or dew point). When the air is completely saturated and cannot hold any more water, then it comes down as rain (and leaves all that heat in the air).

272

NEWTON: Preventing Tire Dry Rot  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Preventing Tire Dry Rot Preventing Tire Dry Rot Name: Millard Status: student Grade: 9-12 Location: MD Country: USA Date: Spring 2013 Question: My dad has a classic car, and because it gets driven very little each year, the tires dry rot before he can get much tread wear on them. What could be used to protect the tires from dry rot and cracking? Replies: Hi Millard, Thanks for the question. I would recommend keeping the car on blocks so that there is no weight on the tires. Additionally, I would recommend that no electrical equipment (motors, switches, and other things that spark) be used around the car. The sparks generate ozone and ozone can cause rubber items such as tires, belts, and hoses to crack. I hope this helps. Please let me know if you have more questions. Thanks Jeff Grell

273

NEWTON'S METHOD FOR MULTIOBJECTIVE OPTIMIZATION ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

truss optimization [8, 29, 40], design [27, 20, 38], space exploration [34, 41]), statis- tics [5], management ... Moreover, the corresponding optimization process is usually aug- ...... of optimal ressource allocation in job-shop production. European...

274

By Katie Newton Louisville District  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and tidal wetlands. Some minor activities, such as aquatic habitat restoration, boat ramp construction authorizes aquatic habitat restoration, establishment and enhancement activities, and it was this general Ecosystem Restoration Project, are currently under way, and are anticipated to provide a net benefit

US Army Corps of Engineers

275

NEWTON: Blood Group Systems Usage  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Blood Group Systems Usage Blood Group Systems Usage Name: Kishori Status: student Grade: n/a Location: Outside U.S. Country: India Date: Summer 2013 Question: What is the difference between MN blood group system and ABO bloodgroup system? Although, we nowadays prefer ABO blood groups why do we use MN blood groups in the forensic department? Replies: Humans actually have multiple blood antigens on the surface of our blood cells. Wikipedia says that there are over 50 different blood group antigens. ABO and Rh are just the most dominant. Rh actually has 3 alleles called C, D and E. So one could be CCddee, for example, but clinically, when referring to Rh, only the D antigen is considered. So MN is another system that is also present. The reason it would be considered in forensics is due to population genetics considerations. Certain combinations are found in different percentages depending on what ancestry a person is a part of. Humans evolved in isolation from each other and until relatively recently, were separated due to difficult travel/migration. But even though we can move around the planet easily now, we still carry the history of our ancestry in our DNA. M and N are codominant, like the ABO system.

276

Proteomic characterization of HIV-modulated membrane receptors, kinases and signaling proteins involved in novel angiogenic pathways  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pathways Suraiya Rasheed*, Jasper S Yan, Adil Hussain andsrasheed@usc.edu; Jasper S Yan - Jasper.S.Yan@rice.edu; Adilexpert in mass spectrometry; Jasper Yan and Adil Hussain are

Rasheed, Suraiya; Yan, Jasper S; Hussain, Adil; Lai, Bruce

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Mrs. Miller's evolution in teaching science as inquiry : a case study of a teacher's change in responsiveness  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transcript 5.4e [ 1.10.05:03] Mrs. Miller: Jasper?Jasper: I think what causes rain, possibly, is that really,different topic, and Jaspers idea is dropped. ) Transcript

Lineback, Jennifer Evarts

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

CRITER 2012 Critical Care  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Inwood MD, CCFP (EM) University of Alberta September 29-30, 2012 Fairmont Jasper Park Lodge Jasper) $150 Accommodations: Fairmont Jasper Park Lodge in Jasper, Alberta has extended a block of reduced rate

MacMillan, Andrew

279

Todd Newberry: Professor of Biology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reston, James 13 Rose, Jasper 26 S San Francisco Chronicles senior preceptor under Jasper Rose and that was during

Newberry, Andrew Todd; Jarrell, Randall; Regional History Project, UCSC Library

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Telomeric heterochromatin boundaries require NuA4-dependent acetylation of histone variant H2A.Z in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Babiarz, Jeffrey E. Halley and Jasper Rine Genes & Dev. 2006Jeffrey E. Halley, and Jasper Rine 1 Department of Molecular

Babiarz, Joshua E; Halley, Jeffrey E; Rine, Jasper

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "newton jasper polk" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Refining ancient carbon dioxide estimates: Significance of coccolithophore cell size for alkenone-based pCO2 records  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

[Jasper and Hayes, 1990; Jasper et al., 1994; Bidigare et al., 1997; Pagani et al., 1999]. In the modern

282

Regulation of Clathrin-Mediated Endocytosis by Dynamic Ubiquitination/Deubiquitination of Ede1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Deubiquitination of Ede1 by Jasper Stanley Weinberg ADeubiquitination of Ede1 by Jasper Stanley Weinberg Doctor

Weinberg, Jasper Stanley

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Fortapt i en god bok : en kommentert oversettelse av Jasper Ffordes Lost in a good book.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Iflge konvensjonene er en god oversettelse en som er likeverdig (ekvivalent) med originalen. Dette forklares gjerne med at leserne av den oversatte teksten skal f (more)

Kristensen, Jana

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

History, historical archaeology, and cultural resource management: a case study from Jasper County, South Carolina.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Virgil Noble (1996) has noted a deficiency in historical archaeological research within the sphere of cultural resource management, attributable to inadequacies within regulatory agencies, resulting (more)

Sawyer, Angus Caldwell

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Analysis Of Microseismic Location Accuracy For Hydraulic Fracturing At The DWTI Site, Jasper, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This report presents the results of a feasibility study designed to assess whether microseismic location techniques can provide enough accuracy and precision to enable a

Rieven, Shirley

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve Annual Report 2001-02 Stanford University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sustainable building was near the low end of con- struction costs for the University. In other words, building

287

Psychotherapie in der Medizin Modul-Code: MSE_WP 534  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dr. Burkard Jäger Dr. Stefanie Jasper (Lehrbeauftragte) PD Dr. Dr. Astrid Müller Dr. Michael Stephan Jasper (jasper.stefanie@mh-hannover.de) melden 1. Woche: Beginn Montag ab 7.50 Uhr, Werktägliche zugesandte Einführungsliteratur. Dazu bitte auch an Fr. Dr. Stefanie Jasper wenden (jasper

Manstein, Dietmar J.

288

Newton, Alabama: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

°, -85.6052133° °, -85.6052133° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":31.3351716,"lon":-85.6052133,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

289

Newton, Massachusetts: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 42.3370413°, -71.2092214° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.3370413,"lon":-71.2092214,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

290

NEWTON: Bacteria Survival in the Stomach  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Bacteria Survival in the Stomach Bacteria Survival in the Stomach Name: Lianne Status: other Grade: other Location: Outside U.S. Country: USA Date: Summer 2013 Question: Is H. Pylorii the only bacteria able to survive the acidic condition of the stomach, or are there others? Replies: Hi Lianne, Thanks for the question. Yes, other bacteria are able to survive the acidic conditions in the stomach. For instance, the bacteria that are present in acidopholus yougurt (and milk) are able to survive the stomach's acid and to repopulate the large intestine. These acidopholus bacteria are "good" bacteria and are useful in restoring bacterial colonies in the large intestine after a treatment of antibiotics. I hope this helps. Please let me know if you have more questions. Thanks Jeff I don't know, but I would be very surprised given the number of bacterial species, that H. Pylori is uniquely adapted to low pH environments.

291

NEWTON's Environmental and Earth Science References  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Environmental and Earth Science References Environmental and Earth Science References Do you have a great reference link? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Reference Links: >NASA's Earth Science Division NASA's Earth Science Division Find the answers to the big questions of Earth Science such as "How is the World Changing?" The information and articles are provided by NASA's Earth Science Division Geology.com Resources Teaching Earth Science - Geology.com Geology.com provides news and information about Geology and Earth Science. It has a teacher resource section as well, which provides a collection of classroom activities and lesson plans, for earth science in the classroom. IRIS's Seismographs in Schools Program IRIS's Seismographs in Schools Program Discover tools to share seismic data in real-time, classroom activities, and technical support documents for seismic instruments.

292

NEWTON: Greenhouse Gas and Heat Transfer  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Greenhouse Gas and Heat Transfer Greenhouse Gas and Heat Transfer Name: Robert Status: teacher Grade: 9-12 Location: AK Country: USA Date: Summer 2013 Question: It would appear from a superficial reading that heat flows out of a greenhouse gas more slowly than heat flows into the same gas. This has to be an incorrect interpretation. It seems more likely that molecules with high heat capacities resist heat transfer-both into and out of such a molecular system. At a molecular level how does heat move out of a hot greenhouse gas? I have seen plots of Cv vs Tempt which indicates that heat moves from translational modes of motion-into rotational modes and finally into modes of vibration. The energy spacing of vibrations is generally grater that rotation which are greater than translation. Could it be that it is this quantization of the energy levels and the difference in energy between such quantum states that is the source of the resistance to heat flow or transfer?

293

QUASI-NEWTON METHODS ON GRASSMANNIANS AND ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

port of tangent vectors and linear operators do not require actual numerical solutions of the differential equations defining these operations; instead they are

2010-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

294

(Revised May 23, 2013) Newton's Second Law  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

words, the acceleration (change in velocity) of an object is zero unless there is a net force. But how acted on by a net force using a Smart Pulley sensor to acquire the data. Two cases are of interest: (a) the mass of the system is fixed and the net force is varied, and (b) the net force is fixed and the mass

Collins, Gary S.

295

Variational Problems in QuasiNewton Methods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jul 18, 2006 ... In what follows, B represents approximations of the Hessian and H ..... H ? Sn be any matrix satisfying Hyk = sk (say. . H = ( ..... bridge, 1992.

2006-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

296

Isaac Newton and the aerial nitre  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the attraction of the small particles of bodies, a topic to which...the attraction of the small particles of bodies', a topic to which...the `General Scholium' on God and the Universe, to which...whose force and actions the particles of bodies attract each other...

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

A quasi-Newton proximal splitting method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jun 20, 2012 ... These methods have seen success, but are not as efficient or ..... If (y, ?) is a primal-dual solution to (14), the KKT conditions must be satisfied:.

2012-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

298

Coercive polynomials and their Newton polytopes - Optimization ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aug 1, 2014 ... we introduce the broad class of gem regular polynomials and show that our. (i.e. Reznick's) approach ...... 170-177 (in French). [16] M. Marshall...

2014-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

299

An extension of Newton's apsidal precession theorem  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......leads to post-Newtonian orbits in the Schwarzschild space-time metric which give accurate...perihelion precession for Mercury in the Schwarzschild space-time has an analogous expression...from apo to pericentre is obtained as a mirror image of the trajectory from peri to......

S. R. Valluri; P. Yu; G. E. Smith; P. A. Wiegert

2005-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

300

Smith Newton Vehicle Performance Evaluation - Cumulative (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Fleet Test and Evaluation Team at the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory is evaluating and documenting the performance of electric and plug-in hybrid electric drive systems in medium-duty trucks across the nation. U.S. companies participating in this evaluation project received funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act to cover part of the cost of purchasing these vehicles. Through this project, Smith Electric Vehicles is building and deploying 500 all-electric medium-duty trucks that will be deployed by a variety of companies in diverse climates across the country.

Not Available

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "newton jasper polk" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

ELTRINGHAM AFRICAN COLLECTION BALFOUR & NEWTON LIBRARIES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(4) BUSS, Irven O.; Elephant life: fifteen years of high population density. Ames IA, Iowa StateShane-Caluzi, E. Editors; Conservation and wildlife management in Africa. The proceedings of a workshop organized.M.; Mammals of East and Central Africa. London, Longman, 1975. Donation q GGP (4) BERTRAM, Brian C

302

Jim Nelson, Camp Joy Gardens  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

He went off to do other things. Jasper Rose said, Well, theat the university in those days, Jasper Rose, who was an artthe years went by. I ran into Jasper Rose one time on Ocean

Rabkin, Sarah

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Certification Framework Based on Effective Trapping for Geologic Carbon Sequestration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

T. , Jr. , Hydrology of the Jasper Aquifer in the SoutheastSands which contains the Jasper aquifer. Catahoula/Frio andof the CF. Aquifers The Jasper Aquifer lies approximately

Oldenburg, Curtis M.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

DMFA Logo AMC Logo Also available at http://amc.imfm.si  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Richmond, VA 23284-2014 Jasper Souffriau Applied Mathematics, Computer Science and Statistics, Ghent Larson), Jasper.Souffriau@UGent.be (Jasper Souffriau), Nicolas.VanCleemput@UGent.be (Nico Van Cleemput

Larson, Craig E.

305

Evaluation of the California Safe Routes to School Legislation: Urban Form Changes and Children's Active Transportation to School  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

income Cesar Chavez Glenoaks Jasper Juan Cabrillo Mt. VernonGlenoaks, 115 (of 142); Jasper, 56 (of 77); Juan Ca- brillo,46%; Glenoaks, 10%; Jasper, 14%; This section reports on ?

Boarnet, Marlon G.; Anderson, Craig L.; Day, Kristen; McMillan, Tracy; Alfonzo, Mariela

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

An experimental study of magnesium-isotope fractionation in chlorophyll-a photosynthesis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of America 94 , 13351-13356. Jasper P. and Silver S. (1977)concentration in the cytoplasm (Jasper and Silver, 1977).and active transport (Jasper and Silver, 1977). Studies have

Black, J R; Yin, Q Z; Casey, W H

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Lane County Child-Care Centers Serving Children Under Three  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

S River Rd Cottage Grove OR 97424 5419423391 x112 1 Jasper Mountain Child Care Center 37875 Jasper Lowell Rd Jasper OR 97438 5417471235 1 Kindercare - Chambers 1056 1410 Chambers St Eugene OR 97402

Oregon, University of

308

Does Collective Identity Matter? : African-American Conventional and Unconventional Political Participation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Temple University Press, Jasper, James. 1997. The Art ofPolletta, Francesca, and Jasper James M. 2001. Collective366-367). Polletta and Jasper (2001:3) define collective

Robnett, Belinda

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

A Life of Learning and Teaching at the University of California, Santa Cruz, 1965-2000  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

wasnt very different, except Jasper Rose was a tremendousfew yearsPage, Mary, Jasper, Maurice Natanson 16 , HarryFrancisco. So I went up with Jasper Rose and with Page, went

Dizikes, John; Vanderscoff, Cameron; Regional History Project, UCSC Library

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Louis F. Fackler: Founding Campus Engineer, UC Sant Cruz  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

below the others. It was by Jasper Construction. Of course,out of the budget. So Mr. Jasper immediatelywe knew him, heup on the day it opened. Jasper Rose was out welcoming

Fackler, Louis F.; Reti, Irene; UCSC Library, Regional History Project, UC Santa Cruz

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

The Local in the Global: Rethinking Social Movements in the New Millennium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3. Goodwin, Jeff and James M. Jasper, 1999. Caught in aVol. 42, No.2: 394-424. Jasper, James, 1997. The Art ofChicago Press. ______ and James M. Jasper, 2001. Collective

Voss, Kim; Williams, Michelle

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

SYNAPSE 2:54-68 (1988) Muscarinic Agonists Modulate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- anesthetized animals (Jasper, 1969;Jasper and Tessier, 1971;Mitchell, 1963; Pepeu, 1972).Extensive evidence cerebral cortex. First, cortical release of ACh depends on the state of arousal (Jasper, 1969; Krnjevic

Weinberger, Norman M.

313

Interpretation of mammalian brain rhythms of sensorimotor processing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

56: 1196-1222. 96. Jasper, H. a. P. , W (1949). "Nervenk 183: 162-174. 97. Jasper, H. H. a. A. , H.L. (123. Li, C. L. and H. Jasper (1953). "Microelectrode studies

Whitmer, Diane J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Communication Growth in Minimally Verbal Children with Autism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

mode of communication (JASPER- EMT) and one in which amode of communication (JASPER-EMT + AAC). The components ofcondition, or switched to the JASPER-EMT + AAC condition for

Mucchetti, Charlotte A.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Efeitos do Jasper Jumper e do aparelho de protrao mandibular no tratamento da m ocluso de classe II.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar os efeitos do tratamento da m ocluso de Classe II por meio do Aparelho de Protrao Mandibular (APM) e (more)

Rafael Pinelli Henriques

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

July 9, 2010 -Issue 15Purdue Cooperative Extension Service http://extension.entm.purdue.edu/pestcrop/index.html  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/CeresSolutions-Brazil 0 0 0 Clinton Foster/PurdueEntomology-Rossville 0 6 17 Dubois Eck/PurdueCES-Jasper 0 0 0 Elkhart 8 Jasper Childs/HeritageSeed-FairOaks 3 40 240 Jasper Childs/HeritageSeed-Green 2 47 384 Jasper McIlwain/Pioneer-6095W100SRensselaer 242 Jasper McIlwain/Pioneer-AmslerRd.Rensselaer 36 Jasper Mc

Ginzel, Matthew

317

PermophilesInternational Commission on Stratigraphy International Union of Geological Sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for Tonquin Lodge in Jasper via the Icefields Parkway. 84 Day 4; We leave Jasper on a 560 km return journey

318

On the complexity of steepest descent, Newton's and regularized Newton's methods for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Oxfordshire, OX11 0QX, England, UK. Email: nick.gould@sftc.ac.uk 3 Department), for t 0, where gk = xf(xk). This first-order method has the merit of simplicity and a theoretical

Toint, Philippe

319

GaussNewton and full Newton methods in frequencyspace seismic waveform inversion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......reconstructed during the iterative process. However, preconditioning...Hagedoorn J.G. , 1954A process of seismic reflection interpretation...cross-borehole seismic data,57th Mtg. Eur. Assoc. Expl Geophys...estimation in 2D media,58th Mtg. Eur. Assoc. Expl Geophys......

R. Gerhard Pratt; Changsoo Shin; G. J. Hick

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Matlab 1 Su 09.txt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

[P-A] Polking & Arnold, ODEs using MATLAB, 3nd Ed. A. Getting Started with MATLAB. Read Chapters 1 and 3 in Polking. Do this before trying to go on. B. More...

Dominic Naughton

2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "newton jasper polk" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

N e w s , E v e n t s , A n d P ro g r a m s P ro g r a m S p o t l i g h t : N A T U R A L R E S O U R C E S  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, chili cook-off, livestock auctions and more! Exhibitors are full-time Polk County students, ages 8

Hill, Jeffrey E.

322

N e w s , E v e n t s , A n d P ro g r a m s Get Outdoors with Extension  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, livestock judging, chili cook-off, livestock auctions and more! Exhibitors are full-time Polk County

Jawitz, James W.

323

San Francisquito Watershed Tour Event Date: April 12, 2014  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

:50: Drive time: PCC àJasper Ridge 30 minutes. Get off bus (10:00) Stop 1: Jasper Ridge:55AM: Jasper Ridge Biological Preserve and Searsville Dam (Topics: Water: Jasper Ridge à Los Trancos 20 minutes. Get off bus (11:25) Stop 2: Los Trancos Fish Ladder

324

Toward improved identifiability of hydrologic model parameters: The information content of experimental data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of experimental data Jasper A. Vrugt and Willem Bouten Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics

Vrugt, Jasper A.

325

*j.bikowski@fz-juelich.de 2012 European Association of Geoscientists & Engineers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pulses using deterministic and Bayesian inversion methods Jutta Bikowski1* , Johan A. Huisman1 , Jasper A

Vrugt, Jasper A.

326

Contributed Paper The Role of Translocation in Recovery of Woodland  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Jasper National Park, Box 10, Jasper, AB, T0E 1E0, Canada §Faculty of Environmental Design, University of caribou to Banff and neighboring Jasper National Park are being considered. We used population viability process variance for each vital rate. Our results suggested the Tonquin caribou population in Jasper

Hebblewhite, Mark

327

Identification of rainfall interception model parameters from measurements of throughfall and forest canopy storage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and forest canopy storage Jasper A. Vrugt Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics, University

Vrugt, Jasper A.

328

Inverse modeling of large-scale spatially distributed vadose zone properties using global optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

optimization Jasper A. Vrugt Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics, Faculty of Science, University

Vrugt, Jasper A.

329

Validity of First-Order Approximations to Describe Parameter Uncertainty in Soil Hydrologic Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jasper A. Vrugt* and Willem Bouten ABSTRACT system under study. Confidence intervals on the cali- brated

Vrugt, Jasper A.

330

Proceedings of the 2013 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing, pages 808813, Seattle, Washington, USA, 18-21 October 2013. c 2013 Association for Computational Linguistics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Directeur-Tue Jun 14 11 :04 :23 2011 >M.Jasper : Bonjour, je suis M.Jasper le directeur. || greet (Hello, I am the director, Mr. Jasper.) >M.Jasper : Qu'est-ce que je peux faire pour vous ? || ask(task(X)) (What can I do

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

331

Agricultural Water Management 109 (2012) 8193 Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

irrigation design and management parameters for alfalfa Maziar M. Kandelousa, , Tamir Kamaia , Jasper A

Vrugt, Jasper A.

332

ReproducedfromVadoseZoneJournal.PublishedbySoilScienceSocietyofAmerica.Allcopyrightsreserved. Obtaining the Spatial Distribution of Water Content along a TDR Probe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modeling Scheme Timo J. Heimovaara,* Johan A. Huisman, Jasper A. Vrugt, and Willem Bouten ABSTRACT along

Vrugt, Jasper A.

333

Toward Improved Identifiability of Soil Hydraulic Parameters: On the Selection of a Suitable Parametric Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Parametric Model Jasper A. Vrugt,* Willem Bouten, Hoshin V. Gupta, and Jan W. Hopmans ABSTRACT Richards

Vrugt, Jasper A.

334

National Trail Biodiesel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

National Trail Biodiesel National Trail Biodiesel Jump to: navigation, search Name National Trail Biodiesel Place Newton, Illinois Zip 62448 Product Owner of a planned 30m gallon per year biodiesel plant in Jasper County, Illinois. Coordinates 43.996685°, -87.803724° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.996685,"lon":-87.803724,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

335

NEWTON, Ask a Scientist at Argonne National Labs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Current Oil Formation Current Oil Formation Name: Jerry Status: n/a Grade: other Country: USA Date: Winter 2011-2012 Question: Is oil still being formed in an ongoing fashion by geologic and physical processes just as it was millions of years ago? Replies: Jerry, The process of converting organic detritus into oil only requires that the organic material (dead plants, animals, etc) undergo decomposition in an oxygen poor environment. Long chain hydrocarbons are formed in this way. So in places where there is a lot of organic material buried under rock or below the pinocline of some body of water (a depth and temperature of water where little roiling happens and hence oxygen does not appreciably mix in), then the conversion of organic material into oil should be happening. This might lead you to wonder why are we concerned that fossil fuel is being depleted - and this goes to how much oil is being extracted and used, versus how much oil is being produced by the natural process.

336

NEWTON, Ask a Scientist at Argonne National Labs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Radioactive Decay Products Radioactive Decay Products Name: Mary Status: educator Location: IL Country: USA Date: Spring 2012 Question: What happens to a radioactive isotope when it decays? Does the radioactive material disappear? How or why? Replies: Mary http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isotope "Isotopes are variants of a particular chemical element. While all isotopes of a given element share the same number of protons, each isotope differs from the others in its number of neutrons." So if an isotope decays it simply becomes a different chemical element or the same element of a different atomic weight. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radioactive_decay Per the above Wikipedia article Uranium Atomic Wt: 238 loses an alpha particle to become Thorium 234 Thorium 234 loses a beta particle to become Protactinium 234 which loses another beta particle to become Uranium 234....and on and on and on.

337

NEWTON, Ask a Scientist at Argonne National Labs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Aquatic Plans vs Land Plants and Nutrients Aquatic Plans vs Land Plants and Nutrients Name: Maaz Status: educator Grade: other Location: Outside U.S. Country: India Date: Summer 2011 Question: My students have many question about plants growth. Many plant need soil to grow and make food. What kind of soil need in aquatic plants to grow or this normal soil is used for the aquatic plant? Replies: Dear Maaz, You may recall the famous experiment by Jan Baptist van Helmont where he grew a tree in a large pot with a weighed amount of soil for five years and determined that the bulk dry weight of the tree did not come from the soil but rather from the carbon dioxide drawn from the air (with water contributing to the fresh weight). The experiment demonstrates that the soil is most critical for supplying physical support and trace minerals. In an aquatic environment, the trace minerals are found primarily in the water so the soil largely serves as a means to anchor the aquatic plant and keep it from drifting.

338

NEWTON, Ask a Scientist at Argonne National Labs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Asteroids, Charge, and Magnetic Fields Asteroids, Charge, and Magnetic Fields Name: Daniel Status: student Grade: 12 Location: MD Country: USA Date: Spring 2012 Question: If a fragment from an asteroid falls to Earth and a static electric charge is built up in the fragment as it falls, does it generate a magnetic field? If so, why? Replies: Yes, it would. A moving electric charge creates a magnetic field. The "why" basically comes from relativity. When the charge moves, its electrical interaction with other charged objects changes because of the way spacetime distorts. That change manifests as a magnetic field. Richard E. Barrans Jr., Ph.D., M.Ed. Department of Physics and Astronomy University of Wyoming Daniel, Current is the motion of electric charge from one location to another. Current, as we usually think of it, is the movement of electrons within a wire, and this current will create a magnetic field surrounding the wire. Maxwell's equations define the strength of this field based on the value of this current (amount of charge flowing through the wire each second). Current is not confined to wires, however; electrons flowing in space will define a current (and associated magnetic field) as well. For a charged asteroid, you can define current associated with its charge moving through space and an associated magnetic field.

339

Newton County, Arkansas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

°, -93.1779659° °, -93.1779659° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.9603994,"lon":-93.1779659,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

340

NEWTON, Ask a Scientist at Argonne National Labs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Convection Currents in Mantle Convection Currents in Mantle Name: Rasy Status: student Grade: 6-8 Location: CA Country: USA Date: Winter 2011-2012 Question: What causes convection currents in Earth's mantle? Replies: There are two sources of heat we usually think about. First of all, there are radioactive atoms in the deep earth and as they decay, they give off heat (just like a nuclear reactor). The second source is a bit more difficult to understand. The earth formed by a whole pile of particles, dust and what we might call meteorites, collecting together due to gravity. This is called accretion. Every time a new piece of matter hit the new earth it caused heat. Not all the heat escaped because there were too many collisions over too short a time). Now some of that heat is trapped deep underground and fuels the cells.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "newton jasper polk" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

NEWTON, Ask a Scientist at Argonne National Labs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Number of Galaxies and Expansion Number of Galaxies and Expansion Name: Kurt Status: other Grade: other Location: CA Country: Austria Date: Fall 2011 Question: Our telescopes show us that in the far reaches of space seem to be more galaxies and they are moving away from each other with ever increasing speed. scientists say that the moving away from each other is actually "stretching of space," should we not see fewer galaxies for that reason? Replies: Dear Kurt, I think that Hubble's idea of the expanding Universe means that the superclusters of galaxies -- not the galaxies or clusters,. but the clusters of clusters, are actually moving apart from each other. They have been doing this since the Big Bang. We do not see the farthest galaxies because their light has not reached us yet,

342

NEWTON, Ask a Scientist at Argonne National Labs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ATP Usage in Mitosis Molecular ATP Usage in Mitosis Molecular Name: Frankie Status: educator Grade: other Location: Outside U.S. Country: Australia Date: Fall 2011 Question: Biology textbooks go into detail explaining ATP productio during cellular respiration, giving us the number of ATP molecules produced for one molecule of glucose. Do we know the same information for how much ATP is used in essential cellular processes? I assume ATP is required when cells undergo cell division. Do we know how much ATP a particular cell uses in mitosis? Replies: Dear Frankie, Here is an example of a metabolic cost analysis of terpene biosynthesis in plants. Terpenes are plant natural products that contribute to plant fitness but are not absolutely required for survival. As such, one can consider the plant suppressing their production under conditions of limited energy.

343

NEWTON, Ask a Scientist at Argonne National Labs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

RNA as a Catalyst RNA as a Catalyst Name: Neeraja Status: other Grade: other Location: Outside U.S. Country: USA Date: Winter 2011-2012 Question: Why is RNA a better catalyst than DNA? Specifically what features of its structure make it better and why? Replies: Neeraja, It's a good question, and my short answer is that it's because nucleic acid enzymes must be single-stranded (ss), and there's a lot more ss-RNA around than ss-DNA. Also, ss-RNA is more flexible than ss-DNA. Adding the two together, you get two strong reasons why RNA is a better chemical for this purpose than DNA. For a little more detail, keep reading: First, let me start with a basic explanation of how catalysis works: A biological catalyst, whether protein or nucleic acid, is a three-dimensional molecule with a specific 3D shape and chemical surface properties. The way biological catalysts work is by having one or more areas on their surface where target molecule(s) can attach. The molecules attach because the catalyst surface has the right kind of chemistry and shape for them to "fit" (by "fit", I mean the system has lower energy when together than when separate). Then, while bound to the catalyst, multiple things can happen to cause a chemical reaction -- such as other molecules attaching, or the catalyst acting on the target molecule, etc.

344

NEWTON, Ask a Scientist at Argonne National Labs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Heat Gain by Solar Radiation Versus Loss by Evaporation in Pool Heat Gain by Solar Radiation Versus Loss by Evaporation in Pool Name: Chris Status: student Grade: 9-12 Country: Spain Date: Winter 2011-2012 Question: We cover our pool with black EPE sheets of 20mm thickness to prevent heat loss and save energy. During the day, is it better to leave the pool covered during the day (preventing heat loss by evaporation) or to uncover the pool to allow max passive heating by solar radiation? In other words, is the heat gain by passive solar radiation on a sunny day enough to compensate for the heat loss by evaporation? Replies: Chris That sounds like an interesting experiment. And all you would need would be a thermometer. If your pool cover is black, my guess is that it would be best to keep the pool covered because the black cover will absorb all of the light energy that falls on it. However, there are so many variables in the experiment, like color of the cover, size of the pool, air temperature, etc. that it would probably be best if you run the little experiment yourself.

345

NEWTON, Ask a Scientist at Argonne National Labs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Ice Advantages Ice Advantages Name: Gloria Status: other Grade: 12+ Location: Outside U.S. Country: USA Date: N/A Question: What are some biological advantages of ice in reference to a lake, pond, or stream? Replies: Gloria One of the things I can think of is that some eggs and plant seeds need to experience a freeze before they will hatch or germinate. That is a genetic characteristic of their life-cycle. Some eggs or seeds may require a couple of freeze cycles before they hatch or germinate. The advantage to this is that it prevents pre-mature hatch/germination. For example, if we have an unusually warm day in January, the eggs or seeds won't hatch or germinate and then die in the middle of winter. We have all seen daffodil flowers rise early because of unusually warm January/February weather only to be frozen by a March cold spell.

346

NEWTON, Ask a Scientist at Argonne National Labs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Bovine Vision Bovine Vision Name: Peggy Status: student Grade: 6-8 Location: Outside U.S. Country: USA Date: Spring 2010 Question: How is a cows vision, I mean do they see in black and white or color? Replies: Peggy A common misconception about cattle (particularly bulls) is that they are enraged by the color red (something provocative is often said to be "like a red flag to a bull"). This is incorrect, as cattle are red-green color-blind.[31][32] The myth arose from the use of red capes in the sport of bullfighting; in fact, two different capes are used. Please refer to the following URL for the rest of the story. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cattle It is not the color of the cape that angers the bull, but rather the movement of the fabric that irritates the bull and incites it to charge.

347

NEWTON, Ask a Scientist at Argonne National Labs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Magnesium, Vinegar, and Pen Magnesium, Vinegar, and Pen Name: Andrew Status: student Grade: 9-12 Location: DE Country: USA Date: Spring 2012 Question: Recently I did an experiment just to try it out. I mixed a ribbon of magnesium with white distilled vinegar and it turned a deep crimson after a few weeks. I never knew that it would do this, but I tried to add onto this by seeing if calcium carbonate (drawing chalk?) would affect the acidity or cause a reaction. I used a pen to stir it because it was the only thing I had to use, but I have noticed now after about two days, the pen is releasing a green cloud whenever I open it. The pen is a Zebra click pen and whenever I click it, a cloud of green dust or substance comes out. What is it? Why is the pen doing this? Was it caused by using it to mix the items in my experiment?

348

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Plant Remedies and Snake Bites Plant Remedies and Snake Bites Name: Preeda Status: student Grade: 9-12 Location: PA Country: Thailand Date: Winter 2011-2012 Question: Is there a leaf or plant that contains a natural medicine or antidote for snake bites? OR one that heals bit marks as well? Replies: Insect Bites, Dog Bites, Bee Stings, Snake Bites, Marine Animal Envenomations For more uses of plants for first-aid, bites, stings, repellants and natural health, see Jim Meuninck's video: LITTLE MEDICINE, The Wisdom to Avoid Big Medicine (60 minutes full motion, color). Broadcast quality DVD. Call 800 487-0522. Copyright Jim Meuninck 2002. All Rights Reserved INDEX: Bites & Stings Bee Stings Dog Bites Repellents Snake bites Marine Animals Feral dog and wolf bites can prove fatal. Discover how Native Americans treated these wilderness injuries.

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Measuring Soot from Candle Measuring Soot from Candle Name: Cathy Status: student Grade: 9-12 Location: MD Country: USA Date: Winter 2011-2012 Question: How can you measure the amount of soot coming from a candle? Is there some kind of mathematical equation that can be used to determine this? Replies: Cathy, I am not aware of any mathematical equation that can predict the amount of soot formed. The problem is that soot is the result of an incomplete combustion of the candle. A complete combustion would produce CO2, H2O (and maybe a few other types of gases) and so there would not be any soot. Soot is mostly solid carbon (with a few other types of atoms mixed in) produced when these carbon do not react with the oxygen present. This means that the amount of soot would be dynamically controlled by the burning temperature, the amount of oxygen available at the reaction sites, the amount of heat being produced, etc. etc. ... very complex. It might be better simply to try to correlate the amount of soot (collected by scraping and weighing) to whatever variable you are interested in while trying to hold all other variables constant.

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Stellar Motion Reference Point Stellar Motion Reference Point Name: Dylan Status: student Grade: 6-8 Location: CA Country: USA Date: Spring 2012 Question: How can scientists conclude that the Sun and other Stars move? I know it seems pretty simple, but what would they use as a reference point? Replies: There are sophisticated methods but a simple one that works for the Sun, Moon and Planets is to observe their motion against the background of stars that do not appear to move at all. High resolution observation of the reference background of stars show that they too move with respect to other stars, but that is a much smaller motion. Vince Calder Dylan, You are right in thinking that this is not as straight-forward as it sounds. If you are in a car traveling at 55 miles per hour and alongside you is another car traveling at 55 - it would appear that both of you are not moving - unless you can reference the sidewalk or electrical poles by the side of the road. ... and that is the key here, if you compare an object to yourself - say you and a friend are both on skateboards - and you observe your friend as moving, you can only say that your friend is moving relative to your position. In reality, you could be moving and your friend is not, you are stationary and your friend is moving, or both of you are moving at different speeds. What Einstein said about this is that it does not matter which of these conditions you accept, the math and the conclusions about motions and positions will still come out the same. So one way to answer your question is to say, we can just use Earth as the reference point (say that it is not moving) and any observed motion of other objects are a function of their motion relative to Earth - whatever conclusions we derive would still be the same as if the other objects were not moving and only Earth was moving.

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Carbon Dioxide Amounts and Photosynthesis Carbon Dioxide Amounts and Photosynthesis Name: Alex Status: student Grade: K-3 Location: Outside U.S. Country: Tanzania Date: Spring 2012 Question: Do plants produce more oxygen when they take in more carbon dioxide? Replies: Alex Yes, plants produce more oxygen when they take in more carbon dioxide Because that indicates a greater rate of photosynthesis is occurring. Here are some online articles that might help you understand more about photosynthesis. http://www.biology4kids.com/files/plants_photosynthesis.html http://www.google.com/search?q=photosynthesis+for+kids&hl=en&prmd =imvns&tbm=isch&tbo= u&source=univ&sa=X&ei=yD JvT5vANKTw0gHTq5n4Bg&ved=0CDsQsAQ&biw=1024&bih=653 Sincere regards, Mike Stewart Remember that in photosynthesis, the source of O2 is H2O. The following should be helpful to you:

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Light and Exothermic Reactions Light and Exothermic Reactions Name: Nancy Status: educator Grade: 9-12 Location: NJ Country: USA Date: Spring 2012 Question: My students are working on a demonstration that illustrates either an endothermic or exothermic process. They've decided on the Luminol reaction with 3% hydrogen peroxide. I have always thought (perhaps incorrectly) that "thermic" is used when discussing heat energy - and there is very little heat change in this reaction. In the practice demo that the students did, the temperature dropped only about a degree C. However, there was a significant amount of light energy given off. When light energy is released, is that also considered exothermic? Or would it be more correct to call it an endothermic reaction (because the temp dropped), but also an exergonic reaction (because light was released)?

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Communication Communication Name: Giovanni Status: other Grade: other Location: Outside U.S. Country: Italy Date: Summer 2011 Question: I have read that cats tend do communicate to each other more with body language (and other sounds: hissing, growling etc) rather than meowing. Again the two exceptions seem to be mother with kittens, and intact males at the intial phases of dominance "discussion". Now, I recently two neutered females (mother 2Y (M) and daughter (D) 10 months). A (very likely male & neutered)cat (X) has been visiting our garden; typically when he arrives and our cats are not out starts meowing (does not sound aggressive, nor his body language does); there have been a couple of initial apparently friendly (nose to nose) allbeit very prident contacts between M and X, but at the end f the sedon one M started growling and I and Dwent got closer and X run off. Since then though X has been coming back evry night and morning, again meowing (again does nt sound aggressive) but now M refuses to go out or stays very well clear of X when he arrived. D in all that is quite prudent but less concerned and X does not seem to have a problem with it at all, and they both roam the garden at the same time with no particular intereaction. Furhter info: M is a fairly big female Norwegian Forest cat (5.5kg), X ia a properly big (non descript)cat (must be 6.5+ kg...so unlikely to be a female), D is still quite small (for a NFC) at about 4kg) WOudl you have any idea for my description on what is going on, and how shoud I interpreter the meowing etc?

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Evaporation Experiment Gain? Evaporation Experiment Gain? Name: Xandria Status: student Grade: K-3 Country: USA Date: Spring 2012 Question: I am asking on behalf of my 2nd grader. She is doing a Science Experiment on the rate of evaporation of different liquids (water, salt water, alcohol, vinegar, and bleach). Can you have more liquid than what you originally started with? She discovered that droplets of liquid were "stuck" on the side of the flasks and when she measured the liquid, they were more than 50 ml. Process: She put 50 ml of liquid into flasks. Water was placed in both a flask and beaker...just as a side experiment about the container shape. She placed the liquids in a room with an ambient temperature that fluctuated between 68-75 degrees Fahrenheit. Unfortunately, we did not measure the humidity (in reading the archives, it has a huge effect on evaporation). She turned on a work lamp for one hour a day for 10 days. The temperature in the room would get up to 98 degrees Fahrenheit.

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Steam Engine in Reduced Pressure Steam Engine in Reduced Pressure Name: CJ Status: student Grade: 9-12 Country: South Africa Date: Winter 2011-2012 Question: Since water can boil at lower temperatures by lowering atmospheric pressure, will it be possible to build and sustain a steam engine at the lower boiling point of water? Replies: Yes, but such an engine's maximum horsepower output is reduced in proportion to the pressure, typically. Jim Swenson Andy - It is definitely "possible", but almost never practical enough to be worth doing. The one real-life example I can think of is: the through-the-car-window antennas for cell-phones, GPS, etc. These have a cable from the transmitter box, carrying about 1-to-10 Watts of RF current, to a patch stuck to the inside of the window. At the same spot but on the outside face of the glass, is a similar patch which picks up the power radiated by the first patch, and a second length of cable running to a roof-top antenna. Notice that the wireless gap is only 0.5 cm, but the width of the patch is ~5 cm. Also, the freespace wavelength at that frequency is only 4-10 times the 5 cm size of the patch.

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Gases Trapped in Filter Gases Trapped in Filter Name: Jay Status: student Grade: 9-12 Country: USA Date: Spring 2012 Question: Would the toxic gases that are trapped in a charcoal filter gas mask be an example of a mixture, solution, or something else? Replies: It certainly would be a mixture. Generally, the gases are considered to be "adsorbed:" the molecules cling to the outsides of the charcoal particles. Richard E. Barrans Jr., Ph.D., M.Ed. Department of Physics and Astronomy University of Wyoming That is an example of adsorbtion, (with a "D") which is a fairly common mode for mixtures of solid and gas. Adsorbtion can have bond strengths ranging from weak like of physical condensation (solids and liquids vs gasses) to almost as strong as a chemical bond within a molecule. It depends on the particular pair of adsorbing and adsorbed species. Because the solid's structure remains unchanged, the gas doesn't fully penetrate the solid, it just sticks on the surface. The mixture remains pretty heterogeneous on the microscopic scale: solid here, gas there. That is one reason why it is not considered a solution, even though the bonding energy there can be greater than that of most solutions.

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Long-eared Owl Status Long-eared Owl Status Name: Joll Status: student Grade: 6-8 Location: CA Country: USA Date: Winter 2011-2012 Question: Is the long-eared owl endangered? I have mixed information. Replies: No, long-eared owls are not on the US endangered species list, either as endangered or threatened. The only owls on the list are both northern and Mexican spotted owls. The US list is on line at http://www.fws.gov/endangered/species/us-species.html A species may be listed as endangered as a population within a state even if it is not on the US list. You could search for information for your state to see the status. If your location as noted below is California, long-eared owls are not endangered in California. J. Elliott Joll It's endangered. br> http://www.ct.gov/dep/cwp/view.asp?q=326032

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Owl Predators Owl Predators Name: Mia Status: student Grade: K-3 Location: MN Country: USA Date: Winter 2011-2012 Question: What are the predators of a owl? Replies: Mia: Our largest adult owls have few predators. Smaller owls may be prey of other owls, long-eared owls are sometimes eaten by great horned owls, for example. Ground nesting owls, like short-eared owls, and especially nestlings, may be hunted by many predators, coyotes and other hawks and owls most likely. Nestlings of all birds, including owls may be hunted by other birds, raccoons, snakes and other animals that can climb trees. J. Elliott Hi Mia Predators of owls include: Opossums Racoons Hawks, Eagles and other raptors Other owls House cats Snakes that raid nests Accidents such as falling out of a nest, colliding with a tree, and electric power lines also contribute to owl mortality.

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Insect Gas Exchange Insect Gas Exchange Name: Mukuni Status: other Grade: 9-12 Location: Outside U.S. Country: Zambia Date: Winter 2011-2012 Question: How does the uptake of oxygen in insects increase during strenuous exercise? Replies: During strenuous activity, O2 demand in insects can increase two to tenfold. There are a few mechanisms that they can employ to ramp up O2 intake: 1) Insects can simply tolerate lower internal O2 and higher internal CO2. This increases partial pressure gradients and enhances gas exchanges by either diffusion or convection. 2) Insects can open their spiracles wider or for longer periods of time to increase gas exchange. 3) Insects can increase convective ventilation through the spiracles and tracheal system (or gills) through abdominal pumping or gill waving. 4) Insects can reduce fluid levels in the tracheoles to enhance O2 delivery within the tissues, since O2 diffuses faster in air than in water.

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Free Falling Elevator and Floating Free Falling Elevator and Floating Name: Kevin B. Status: student Grade: 9-12 Location: CA Country: USA Date: Spring 2012 Question: I had a debate with my uncle about what would happen to a person in a free falling elevator. I asked him if the person would float. My uncle said no. He pointed out that a ball would not float if put on the floor of the elevator and the cable was cut, so why would a person? To see what would happen to a ball in a free falling elevator, I put a ball on a folder (the folder representing the floor of an elevator), and I dropped the folder with the ball. The ball stayed on top of the folder as they both fell to the ground. This indicated that what my uncle said about a ball staying on the floor of a free falling elevator was likely correct. However, when I researched the subject on the Internet, I came across many articles that said that a person would float in a free falling elevator. So I am a bit confused. Why would a person float but a ball would not? So my question is: 1) Would a person stand on the floor of a free falling elevator or would he float above the floor in a free falling elevator? 2) If the person would stand on the floor of a free falling elevator, please explain why. If the person would float above the floor, please explain why.

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Jeff Buzby Ph.D. Jeff Buzby Ph.D. I am a Senior Scientist in Molecular Immunology with a Biochemistry Ph.D., and have studied gene expression in cyanobacteria, plants, and humans. I'm investigating developmental regulation of the immune & coagulation responses at Children's Hospital of Orange County, CA. Previously, I worked on identifying genetic factors that control the response of plants to light as a postdoctoral fellow at UCLA. My Ph.D. dissertation designed a gene transfer system for cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) at Penn State Univ., and my first postdoctoral project utilized this system to find cyanobacterial genes that confer herbicide-resistance in plants. I am also developing a WWW-based biotechnology consultanting service, Molecular Biotech Consultants (http://www.molecularbiotech.com).

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Source of Magnetic Force Source of Magnetic Force Name: Ashley Status: educator Grade: K-3 Location: AS Country: Australia Date: Spring 2012 Question: What makes magnets push and pull against each other? Replies: Hi Ashley, Magnets have an attraction and a repulsion force that we can see, measure and even use to better our living. We may also run experiments to see what it does and then use Science to explain what it does and how it behaves. It behaves so we may see attraction and repulsion; our fingertips can measure the strength of that. We run experiments that show electricity forces and magnetic forces are related. But what makes magnets do that? We really do not know what makes a magnet push and pull, it just does. The magnetic force, what is it? It just "is". To quote physicist Richard Feynmann, "I really can't do a good job, any job, of explaining magnetic force in terms of something else you're more familiar with, because I don't understand it in terms of anything else you're more familiar with."

363

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Carbon-14 Nitrogen-14 Binding Energies Carbon-14 Nitrogen-14 Binding Energies Name: Abby Status: educator Grade: 9-12 Location: WI Country: USA Date: Spring 2012 Question: Carbon-14 decays into nitrogen-14 by beta emission. I have/had the understanding that when a nuclei decays the binding energy of the daughter is greater than the binding energy of the parent. From my research this does not seem to be true for carbon-14 into nitrogen-14. The binding energy per nucleon for carbon-14 is 7.520319 MeV and the binding energy per nucleon for nitrogen-14 is 7.475614 MeV. I understand that carbon-14 had too many neutrons and that it decays by beta because of this. I understand that nitrogen-14 is more stable than carbon-14 but if it is more stable than why isn't the binding energy of nitrogen-14 greater than that of carbon-14. Hope this all makes sense.

364

Newton, New Hampshire: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

695335°, -71.0345018° 695335°, -71.0345018° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.8695335,"lon":-71.0345018,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

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Electrochemical Anomaly Electrochemical Anomaly Name: Andrew Status: student Grade: 9-12 Location: DE Country: USA Date: Spring 2012 Question: Recently I did an experiment just to try it out. I mixed a ribbon of magnesium with white distilled vinegar and it turned a deep crimson after a few weeks. I never knew that it would do this, but I tried to add onto this by seeing if calcium carbonate (drawing chalk?) would affect the acidity or cause a reaction. I used a pen to stir it because it was the only thing I had to use, but I have noticed now after about two days, the pen is releasing a green cloud whenever I open it. The pen is a Zebra click pen and whenever I click it, a cloud of green dust or substance comes out. What is it? Why is the pen doing this? Was it caused by using it to mix the items in my experiment?

366

Newton County, Georgia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

3.8473015° 3.8473015° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":33.5544296,"lon":-83.8473015,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

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Development Process Development Process Name: Liesl Status: educator Grade: K-3 Location: Outside U.S. Country: USA Date: Spring 2012 Question: Our 2nd grade class is observing the life cycle of what appears to be monarch butterflies unfold. Currently, our little caterpillars appear to be shedding chunks of their bodies. What is happening to them? Replies: The monarchs are molting. Since insects have exoskeletons (skeletons on the outside of the body) they must periodically "shed" to accommodate further growth. These shed exoskeletons are known as exuvia. Each stage in-between a molt is known as an instar. Try to have your students count the number of molts before the caterpillar undergoes metamorphosis. Dr. Tim Durham Undergraduate Studies & University Colloquium Department of Biological Sciences Florida Gulf Coast University

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Barn Pole Paradox Barn Pole Paradox Name: Kwanalouie Status: student Grade: 9-12 Location: TX Country: USA Date: Winter 2011-2012 Question: I do not see how this relativity problem is explained. Its a variation of the barn pole paradox. Can you offer insights? Replies: Kwanalouie, Einstein's special relativity theories apply to constant VELOCITY situations. This means no change of speed or direction. An observer on the ring is constantly changing direction. After half of a revolution, the observer's direction has exactly reversed. Length contraction is much more complex in such a situation. General relativity is needed for this situation. Dr. Ken Mellendorf Physics Instructor Illinois Central College You are mixing relative effects with non-relative effects to create the paradox. In creating what you think is a paradox, you are placing unrealistic constraints on the system (e.g. how do you decouple this massively energetic ring from the silo?).

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Bacteria Resistance Bacteria Resistance Name: Brittany Status: student Grade: 6-8 Location: AZ Country: USA Date: Spring 2012 Question: Why have bacteria evolved resistance so rapidly? Replies: Suppose you have a bug spray and you use it to exterminate a cloud of mosquitoes. In the cloud of mosquitoes there may be one or two that are immune to the effects of the bug spray. So what you do is kill all the mosquitoes that don't have resistance to the bug spray Leaving behind the mosquitoes that do, and then those remaining mosquitoes regenerate. That is the sad story of how bugs develop resistance to our countermeasures. So far, we have always been able to find a bug spray formula to take care of the present cloud of mosquitoes. Sincere regards, Mike Stewart Brittany, To answer your question, a couple of things need to be considered.

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Relativistic Velocity of Head-On Particles Relativistic Velocity of Head-On Particles Name: Flavian Status: student Grade: 9-12 Country: Romania Date: Spring 2012 Question: My question is about the LHC and any other particle accelerator, if the 2 matter beams travel at about 99% of the velocity of light relative to the ground in opposite directions don't they travel at 2x that relative to each other? What is actually going on? Replies: Flavian, How fast an object moves depends on the observer. When approaching the speed of light, the only reliable reference is you. Such velocities do not add like day-to-day velocities. Both distance and time measurements are different for those in different reference frames. The second matter beam might travel at a greater distance as seen by a particle in the first beam, but the time it takes to do it, as measured by the first beam, will also be greater. The distance divided by the time (i.e. speed) will be greater than 99% of light speed but less than 100%.

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Buoyant Force on Suspended Object Buoyant Force on Suspended Object Name: Jeremy Status: student Grade: 12 Country: Singapore Date: Spring 2012 Question: An object is hung from the ceiling and immersed in a beaker of water. When it is placed on a mass balance, what would the reading be if the combined weight of the water and beaker is W, the weight of the object immersed is X and the upthrust that the object experiences is U? Replies: Jeremy, Whether hanging from the ceiling, immersed in the water, or whatever, the weight of the object will be the weight of the object. There is nothing special about it being in water, air or whatever. For your dilemma, we need to re-define the parameters. Let VO = Volume of the Object in cubic inches, feet, or whatever you wish to choose. WO = Weight of the Object in pounds WW = Weight of the water the VO displaces in pounds.

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Earth Historic Rotation Rates Earth Historic Rotation Rates Name: Nikki Status: student Grade: 6-8 Location: AZ Country: USA Date: Spring 2012 Question: Did Earth ever spin faster than it does now? Did Earth ever have 18 hour days instead of 24 hours? Replies: Nikki, Earth rotates on its axis and continues to slow down because of tidal braking. Yes, it is the tides that result in the ever-slowing rotation of Earth. The main cause of the tides is the moon. That is, the ocean is constantly being pulled toward the moon while Earth rotates under this bulge of water. In order for the sun to be overhead at noon we add one second to the clock about every eighteen months. Yes, that is true, Earth's rotation slows by aboutone second every eighteen months. About 600,000,000 years ago, there were 420 days in one year! About 300,000,000 years ago there were 395 days in one year. Today, there are about 365.25 days per year.

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Theta Theta Name: Laramy Status: educator Grade: 9-12 Location: GA Country: USA Date: N/A Question: I read your response to why we use the letter x in Algebra, but my question is why we use the Greek letter Theta in Trigonometry to represent an angle? Replies: Laramy It is just a convention. Nothing really dictates that folks use theta to represent angles in trigonometry. But when a lot of folks use the same letter the same way it increases understanding about what is being talked about. It is like, "Why does a red traffic light mean stop and a green light mean go? Why is it not the other way around?" This has become an international convention so people can drive in other countries without having to learn new rules all of the time. Sincere regards,

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Magnetic Reversal and Magnetic Strips Magnetic Reversal and Magnetic Strips Name: Mary Ellen Status: student Grade: 6-8 Location: NE Country: USA Date: N/A Question: My earth science teacher has been telling us about continental drift and magnetic striping in ocean rocks due to magnetic reversals. She said that by the pattern, this is due to happen again, soon. Will the strip on my bus card still work? Will magnets that now attract, repel (and the other way around? Replies: Mary Ellen, Magnetic reversals are not predictable. There is no pattern to the reversals. There is no evidence that this will occur any time soon. The last magnetic reversal occurred 730,000 years ago, so for the last 730,000 years the north end of the magnetic needle on your compass always pointed north. It takes about 1000 years for a reversal to occur, so, if you took a Rumpelstiltskin sleep, when you woke up, the north end of your compass needle would point south.

375

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Meteor Soft Landing Meteor Soft Landing Name: Les Status: other Grade: 12+ Location: WA Country: USA Date: Winter 2011-2012 Question: Given the surface speed of the earth (daily rotation, yearly orbit, etc.) in relation to everything, is it possible for a meteor or asteroid at just the right path and speed to make a "soft" landing on the surface? Replies: Les I guess it is possible that a meteor or asteroid would have just the right course and speed to make a soft landing on Earth, but it is highly unlikely. Most meteors and asteroids travel and really high speeds. You see them burn in the atmosphere nightly and very brief streaks of light. Sincere regards, Mike Stewart Les, It would not be possible without risking burning up in the atmosphere. To make a soft landing, the meteor would also have to be able to make a soft launch. Barring energy loss to the atmosphere, energy conservation requires that such a landing work the same in both directions. Such a landing could be no slower than the speed needed to launch the meteor back to where it came from. With energy loss due to the atmosphere, slowing from this necessary speed to a soft landing would probably burn the meteor up. An Apollo spaceship landing without open parachutes is better than a meteor could do.

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Lubricating Rubber Bands and Elasticity Lubricating Rubber Bands and Elasticity Name: Frank Status: other Grade: other Location: MA Country: USA Date: Fall 2011 Question: I am building a space derby rocket, which is powered by a rubber band motor. Many sources recommend lubricating the rubber bands - the main rationale for this is that they improve the elasticity of the rubber band and possibly reduces friction. I can see how reducing friction would be advantageous, but it seems to me that given a fixed number of winds, improving elasticity would reduce the actual kinetic energy of the motor. (I can see that improving elasticity may allow for a greater number of winds and >reduce the chance it breaks- but I am assuming the same number of winds.) Do you agree or disagree? Replies: Hi Frank,

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Internal Battery Resistance Change During Use Internal Battery Resistance Change During Use Name: Mikus Status: student Grade: 9-12 Country: Latvia Date: Spring 2012 Question: Does the internal resistance of a battery change if the battery is being discharged? Replies: Yes. Batteries play a lot of messy games with their internal resistance. The resistance can depend on temperature, percent-of-charge-remaining, recent history of current drain, and battery aging. Each kind of battery (lithium, alkaline, lead-acid, Ni-Cd, NiMH) has a different set of behaviors. I have seen a lithium battery, when suddenly asked to push a large load, allow its output voltage to drop a lot at first, because its internal resistance was high, because the battery was cold. Then the large current flowing through that internal resistance warmed up the battery, and the voltage delivered actually increased with time, for a little while.

378

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Hydrogen Versus Deuterium Bonds Hydrogen Versus Deuterium Bonds Name: A. K. Status: student Grade: 9-12 Country: USA Date: Spring 2012 Question: If you have a compound, say HCl, why does the bond length decrease when you substitute the hydrogen atom with a deuterium atom? Replies: Hi A. K. Think of the bond in a diatomic molecule (H2 versus D2) as a spring between two spheres (the atoms). Let's say the available energy to make the spring vibrate is constant (you supply a specific amount of energy). The H2 spring will vibrate more because the masses being held by the spring is lighter than that of the D2 spring (remember that D is twice the mass of H). In effect the H2 system can extend farther away from the center than the D2 system. Since the closest approach of the H2 and D2 systems are the same (the same sized spheres touching each other) and the H2 system can get farther out than the D2, we can see that the average distance between the two H's is larger than that of the two D's.

379

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Humid Versus Dry Air and Kite Lift Humid Versus Dry Air and Kite Lift Name: Tiago Status: student Grade: other Country: Portugal Date: Winter 2011-2012 Question: Hello, in the local kite board forum we are discussing how flying in a 'high' evaporation environment and the correspondent air humidity coming from will affect the lift of the kite. There are two side of the discussion. Side A's rational is that density is hardly affected by humidity content and consequently so thus lift. The back-ground for this is the following: A) water molecular weight is lower than dry air molecular weight and consequently a mixture of both gases will have less density (for a given volume, at same pressure and temperature). B) Advogardo's Law - for any given gaseous mixture the number of particles is constant within a specific volume, if pressure and temperature being kept constant.

380

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Reducing Data, Increasing File Size Reducing Data, Increasing File Size Name: Jim B. Status: Other Age: 60s Location: N/A Date: 8/2/2004 Question: For backup purposes I am trying to reduce the quantity of the data to back up. I am running a WIN 2000 pro system. I had about 13K files, some with large attachments, in my Outlook Express Inbox.DBF and Sent Items.DBF files. They totaled about 2.8GB worth of data. I deleted most of the files (out of the Deleted Items area as well). The size of the 2 aforementioned DBX files actually increased slightly. I did not expect that. The result is that my backup problems are exacerbated. What is up? Replies: The most recent issue of the magazine PC World (Summer 2004) had several recommendations for freeing up disc space. There is inexpensive software that can help by defragging registry files (not a task for the timid). The option that I was not aware of is deleting files in the "sent items" folder of Outlook Express. This is different than the "deleted items" folder, and at least on my computer was not showing the number of files contained in the "sent items" folder. I freed up 2Gb of old messages by emptying this folder. It is worth a try.

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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381

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Male Development Male Development Name: Kurt Status: other Grade: other Location: Outside U.S. Country: Brazil Date: Spring 2012 Question: I heard that the male fetus has to go through stages to definitely become a male - that all fetuses are initially female, and that only after 8 weeks does the male fetus develop testicles, and that after that, I understand there are 3 more stages of development for the fetus to go through before definitely becoming male. What are these stages? Replies: Embryos are male or female from the moment of conception because they have either XX or XY chromosomes. But they don't start to develop their sexual phenotypes for about 6-8 weeks. Embryos have two nonspecific gonads and two sets of nonspecific tubes. If there is a Y chromosome, a gene called SRY turns on around 6-8 weeks and starts male development. The nonspecific gonads become testes and the tubes become the vas deferens. It causes the second set of tubes to degenerate. It also causes the testes to begin secreting testosterone which also adds to the masculine phenotype. There is a step by step process that happens. If there is a block in the process everything stops there. So some parts could develop and others not.For instance, internal structures might develop but external not. This would result in an ambiguous phenotype which may be mistaken for a female.

382

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Cow Eye Restoration Cow Eye Restoration Name: Kendall Status: student Grade: 6-8 Location: TX Country: USA Date: Fall 2011 Question: I'm working on a science fair experiment. I need help with my science fair question. My question is" Can you restore a cows eyes lens after it has been removed from the eye for a few days?" What i was trying to ask in my question is 'is there a type of material of chemical that can clear the lens even after it has become cloudy. Replies: Kendall, That is an interesting question. A lens can be removed from the eye, but typically a lens cannot be cleared. The changes to the internal structure of the lens are permanent, thus making it cloudy. A new, artificial lens could be put in if there was one the right size for a cow eye, just like in human cataract surgery. There are other conditions that can cause cloudiness of the eye, but that usually involves the fluid in the front of the lens. These conditions can sometimes be treated medically.

383

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Reptile Hibernation Reptile Hibernation Name: Sammy Status: student Grade: K-3 Location: VA Country: USA Date: Fall 2011 Question: When reptiles hibernate do they feel dead? Replies: Sammy: Do you mean does the animal itself feel like it is dead? Or do you mean does it feel dead to us when we touch it? The answer to both is, no. If you were to pick up a hibernating snake, for instance, it would feel cold, but it would not be stiff as it would be if dead, and if you handled it it would begin to stir. We really can't say how the animal itself feels, they are enough different from us that we can't know exactly how their brains sense their environment, especially in hibernation which is not like anything humans experience. J. Elliott I can't imagine what it would be like to "feel dead." More likely, they are unconscious or drowsy, possibly like a deep sleep.

384

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Spontaneous Generation Revisited Spontaneous Generation Revisited Name: Jake Status: other Grade: other Location: ID Country: USA Date: Spring 2012 Question: I'm curious can genes be altered and changed during our life and passed on to future generations? I ask this because I've witnessed an instance that I found most interesting... it was a father, who before he ever conceived his child lost his pinkie on his left hand, and years later he has a child and crazy as it is the child on its left hand was born with an extra finger an extra pinkie.. it has had me contemplating whether this machination has any validity in genes altering during our life perhaps because of our life choices or environmental factors ect ect. Replies: The example you describe is pure coincidence -- not genetic. The environment does impact our genes, and those genes can be passed on to our children. However, the changed gene has to be in the gamete (sperm or egg) -- these cells alone contain the genetic material that is passed along. A change to a finger (that has not also occurred in the gamete) would not be passed on.

385

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Permanence of Ocean Currents Permanence of Ocean Currents Name: Teresia Status: student Grade: 6-8 Country: Tanzania Date: Winter 2011-2012 Question: Are ocean currents permanent? Replies: Teresia: Although many ocean currents have been around for many thousands or years, they can and do change over time. One of the problems some scientists see with global warming is that some currents may shift or stop all together. For example, some folks, are worried that much fresh water may flow into the sea from melting ice in Greenland This would, they say, stop the Gulf Stream in the Atlantic ocean which keeps Europe warm That would plunge Europe into another ice age. But, on the whole, ocean currents do not change over the life of a human being. Mr.Avakian Teresia, Since ocean currents are controlled by several factors: wind - which is the main cause of the different rotations in the northern and southern hemisphere, salinity - which, for example is the main factor in the southward diffusion from the north pole in the Atlantic ocean and the gulf stream, temperature, general ocean floor topography, etc. - changes (on a geological time scale) will cause changes in the ocean currents.

386

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Sound Pitch and Distance Travelled Sound Pitch and Distance Travelled Name: Chris Status: educator Grade: 4-5 Location: MI Country: USA Date: Winter 2011-2012 Question: Do high pitched sounds travel farther than low pitched sounds? Replies: Sorry Chris, it is the other way around. If you are near lightening you hear a crack or bang which is a high frequency sound. But far away from the lightening you hear thunder as a low pitch, rolling, boom. The high frequency sound from the crack you hear close up does not made it very far from the lightening (which is the cause of the noise). Hope this helps. R. W. "Mr. A." Avakian Quite the opposite. Low pitched sounds attenuate more slowly with distance. Fog-horns are an evolutionary example of the point. Of course, they are meant to operate in elevated humidity, which adds another loss factor. I will try to tell you more later. On the other hand, it is quite possible for high-pitched sounds to be _more_noticeable_ to a given being in a given noise background.

387

City of Newton, North Carolina (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

North Carolina North Carolina Utility Id 13561 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location SERC NERC SERC Yes ISO Other Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Electric Renewable Energy Credit Rider - RECR - 1 - Solar Photovoltaic Energy - 15 Year Fixed Electric Renewable Energy Credit Rider - RECR - 1 - Wind and Biomass - 10 Years fixed Electric Renewable Energy Credit Rider - RECR - 1 - Solar Photovoltaic Energy - Variable Electric Renewable Energy Credit Rider - RECR - 1 - Wind and Biomass - 5-Years-Fixed Electric Renewable Energy Credit Rider - RECR - 1 - Wind and Biomass -

388

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River Rocks, Color, and Rings River Rocks, Color, and Rings Name: Sean Status: student Grade: 9-12 Location: WA Country: USA Date: Spring 2012 Question: I was walking a beach on the Deschutes River in Olympia Washington with a friend last night. We were picking up rocks and checking them out and we came across a few that were black with white, crystal-like rings around them. We also found a few that were other primary colors with secondary colored rings around them. What is the most likely cause of the white and black rings around the rocks? They are beautiful and I would like to know more about them. Replies: Melissa, Sean: It depends upon what you mean by rings. Some of the river rock may be coated with deposits of lime from the waters or soils in which they rested for a while. The black color would be from minerals included in the lime crusts. These coatings should fizz slightly if you drop some vinegar on them and you would also be able to scratch them with a knife blade or pair of scissors.

389

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Turbulence Modeling and Wing Design Turbulence Modeling and Wing Design Name: Kosta Status: student Grade: 9-12 Location: CA Country: USA Date: Winter 2011-2012 Question: I am currently experimenting with different wing designs and a wind tunnel. I found a rigorous text on turbulence modeling which caught my interest and am considering studying it. Would knowing turbulence modeling help in aircraft wing design? Replies: Kosta Turbulence increases the drag on a wing which reduces its performance to produce lift. Turbulence modeling allows you to predict the level of turbulence a wing design will encounter. The goal is to achieve laminar air flow over the wing for the least amount of drag and the most amount of lift for the given airspeed. Sincere regards, Mike Stewart Kosta Turbulence increases the drag on a wing which reduces its performance to produce lift.

390

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Lift, Friction of 18-Wheelers Lift, Friction of 18-Wheelers Name: Kurt Status: student Grade: 9-12 Location: FL Country: USA Date: Winter 2011-2012 Question: I am a 9th grade student working on a science fair project. In my project, my idea is to design airfoils that can be fitted to the top of 18 wheelers to create lift on the vehicle and thus reduce rolling friction and hopefully give 18 wheelers a higher miles per gallon ratio. I have been testing my designs in a small scale wind tunnel that I have created and I am unsure how to scale my results to a full sized 18 wheeler with a full scale airfoil. For example, if a 36 square inch surface gives me 0.4 ounce lift at 12 miles per hour wind speed, what life could I expect for a full sized 480 sqare foot surface at 70 miles per hour (where the attack angle is the same in both cases)? Thank you for your time. I hope that my work can result in more energy efficient transportation of goods.

391

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Engineering Fields Engineering Fields Name: Nathan Status: student Grade: 9-12 Location: VA Country: USA Date: Winter 2011-2012 Question: I am currently a Junior and high school and the time has come (and mostly passed) where I decide in which direction I should go career-wise. I love being able to solve math problems and applying their uses to my life and I learn well in every subject especially science and math. Because I do so well in theses subjects, I think I would prosper as an engineer. That is a broad subject that research doesn't do a very good job of defining - at least compared to what i could learn from an engineer themselves. So my question is: what are the different kinds of engineering fields and what should I learn in order to prepare myself? Replies: Some helpful sites:

392

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Pressure and Bacteria Pressure and Bacteria Name: Fabiola Status: other Grade: other Location: Outside U.S. Country: Colombia Date: Fall 2011 Question: When I apply a bacterial solution for biological control of a pest in agricultural systems, the bacterias will survive if I use a pressure of 200 psi or more? Replies: Maybe. 25 atmospheres is equivalent to approximately 367psi. This is the osmotic pressure inside the bacterial cell wall...which is greater than your external pressure of 200psi. "Bacteria usually live in relatively dilute environments such that the accumulation of solutes inside the cell cytoplasm greatly exceeds the total solute concentration in the outside environment. Thus, the osmotic pressure against the inside of the plasma membrane may be the equivalent of 10-25 atmospheres. Since the membrane is a delicate, plastic structure, it must be restrained by an outside wall made of porous, rigid material that has high tensile strength. Such a material is murein, the ubiquitous component of bacterial cell walls."

393

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Vince Calder Ph.D. Vince Calder Ph.D. I am a retired physical chemist [1965, Berkeley with W.F. Giauque] with a broad background in many areas of chemistry/physics: thermodynamics, I.R. spectroscopy, polymer chemsitry, analysis of ground water for trace organic compounds. My hobbies include photography and mathematics. How can I participate in your program. I have taught [Iowa State] and have an interest in fostering interest in science to young people. Consultant in landfill remediation, and prevention of landfill contamination. The best landfill remediation is preventation before it happens. This is a complex issue because it brings to the front that the "science" is not enough. There are social and political issues that have a direct impact on the "science". It isn't good enough to have good science if nobody is listening. This requires acquisition of a whole bunch of skills that we don't teach in the classroom.

394

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Red Shift and Expanding Universe Red Shift and Expanding Universe Name: Ivan Status: other Grade: other Location: FL Country: USA Date: Fall 2011 Question: It is about red shift and the outer galaxies. I do have a grasp of the concept of expansion. What I do not understand is and it bothers me: It is said that the outer galaxies of our observable universe are expanding between them faster than closer ones. First I am correct in saying that? Second, if I interpreted what I read correctly, would an observer at the edge of our observable universe, looking towards our galaxy see the opposing situation: an observable universe that is reducing in expansion, with that other observer's outer galaxies progressively expanding less (as this would be the galaxies closer to us)? Replies: Hi Ivan -- If you were in that far-away galaxy, you would make the same observation about galaxies near the milky way: that the farther-away galaxies are moving away from you faster than galaxies closer to you.

395

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Reducing Data, Increasing File Size Reducing Data, Increasing File Size Name: Jim B. Status: Other Age: 60s Location: N/A Date: 8/4/2004 Question: For backup purposes I am trying to reduce the quantity of the data to back up. I am running a WIN 2000 pro system. I had about 13K files, some with large attachments, in my Outlook Express Inbox.DBF and Sent Items.DBF files. They totaled about 2.8GB worth of data. I deleted most of the files (out of the Deleted Items area as well). The size of the 2 aforementioned DBX files actually increased slightly. I did not expect that. The result is that my backup problems are exacerbated. What is up? Replies: Truthfully, I do not know that much about Outlook Express. This site is a help site for users at the University of Delaware. Most of it is not very helpful, but it talks about "Purging deleted messages". It may be that the emails are still in the deleted folder. It is worth a shot. Sorry I couldn't be more help and I hope I did not misunderstand.

396

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White Blood Cells Oxygen Source White Blood Cells Oxygen Source Name: Meg Status: student Grade: 6-8 Location: KY Country: USA Date: Winter 2011-2012 Question: All cells need oxygen. That is a common fact. So then where do white blood cells get theirs? Replies: The oxygen for white blood cells comes from the blood, just as it does for other tissues. Oxygen is transported from the lungs to red blood cells, and as the red blood cells move through the blood, they supply the white blood cells with oxygen. br> Diffusion is the primary mechanism that drives this oxygen transport -- as the white blood cell converts O2 to CO2, it establishes a concentration gradient between the blood (high O2) and the interior of the white blood cell (low O2). This concentration gradient drives oxygent transport.

397

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December 10 - December 17 Question of the Week Name: Millard Status: student Grade: 9-12 Location: MD Country: USA Date: Spring 2013 Question My dad has a classic car, and because it gets driven very little each year, the tires dry rot before he can get much tread wear on them. What could be used to protect the tires from dry rot and cracking? Answers from Our Expert Staff Hi Millard, Thanks for the question. I would recommend keeping the car on blocks so that there is no weight on the tires. Additionally, I would recommend that no electrical equipment (motors, switches, and other things that spark) be used around the car. The sparks generate ozone and ozone can cause rubber items such as tires, belts, and hoses to crack. I hope this helps. Please let me know if you have more questions.

398

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Energy in a System Energy in a System Name: Michael Status: educator Grade: 9-12 Country: USA Date: Spring 2012 Question: I am a high school chemistry teacher with a quick question about entropy, which may be only one of semantics - I am hoping you might be able to help. . I think the problem boils down to if we consider all the energy in a system (E=mc2), can all that be turned into work? The details are this: In discussing entropy, the isothermal, free expansion of a gas into a vacuum is an often used example (q=0,w=0). After the gas has expanded numerous texts and web sites (an MIT web site in this case) explains that " some ability to do work has been lost" and that "the property that is used to measure the change in ability to get work out of a system (delta)T is the entropy." ( http://web.mit.edu/16.unified/www/FALL/thermodynamics/thermo_7.htm )

399

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Video Game Programming Software Video Game Programming Software Name: John P. Status: Student Age: 14 Location: N/A Date: 8/4/2004 Question: My cousin and I are rabid video gamers. We want to be video game designers when we grow up, or do something along the lines of that. We want to start making game snow to start to get experience for when we grow up. Now we do not want to make 3-D or anything like that at our age now, what we want to do is make video games about the equivalent of stuff made on the Apple II and Atari, even the NES would be a good example of the games we want to make. I was watching a show on TV and the person was saying how many of today's greats were just teenagers programming stuff on a Apple II. I figure since they started there at my age I should try to start there too. I wanted to know if there was any programs available to make these types of games, because if they could do it 20 years ago on with the limited technology they had, then I should be able to do it faster, easier, and better then they did with today's technological advances.

400

Newton County, Indiana: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

6°, -87.4207518° 6°, -87.4207518° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.9703076,"lon":-87.4207518,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

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401

Newton County, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

3.6623239° 3.6623239° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":30.9359604,"lon":-93.6623239,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

402

Newton County, Mississippi: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

9.1705998° 9.1705998° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.4440058,"lon":-89.1705998,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

403

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Return to Biplanes Return to Biplanes Name: Steven Status: student Grade: 9-12 Country: United Kingdom Date: Fall 2011 Question: As planes have got so large, the wings have become huge. Why can they not go back to biplanes for the same surface area but only half as wide? Replies: Hi Steven, In the early days of aviation, biplanes were a very common design since they could be made very strong using the materials and methods of the time (wooden frames with fabric covering). The two wings would form a strong truss structure with diagonal strut wire or bar bracing. It was not as easy to create a strong wing if there was only one (a monoplane in other words), but even so there were early monoplanes as well. For example, there was the Bleriot XI which crossed the English Channel in 1909. It used quite a bit of wire bracing above and below the wing. While the all the struts and wires did strengthen early airplanes, the downside though was a lot of aerodynamic drag just due to the struts and wires alone.

404

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Eye of Hurricane Eye of Hurricane Name: Xinyi Status: student Grade: 9-12 Location: IL Country: China Date: Spring 2011 Question: Why is the eye of a hurricane so calm? A lot of videos say that it' i because the rising air cools off and sinks down in the eye, but if it is true, I think the eye should have a high pressure, not the lowest pressure of a hurricane. Replies: Cold air is heavier than Hot air and will fall relative to the Hot Air. Hot air will rise relative to Cold air. The eye of a hurricane is calm because the storms rotate around it. The highest winds of the hurricane are in the wall of the eye which is very distinct. The hurricane derives its energy from the relatively hot surface temperature of the sea. The humidity in the hot rising air feeds the heavy rainstorms that form the hurricane. The rising hot, moist air of a hurricane is a counter clockwise rotating cyclone that creates a low pressure area in the eye. So the lowest air pressure point of a hurricane are in the eye

405

NEWTON, Ask a Scientist at Argonne National Labs  

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Radio Reception Radio Reception Name: Mark Status: other Grade: other Location: AZ Country: USA Date: Spring 2012 Question: When a cell phone receives radio waves from a cell tower, are the received photons creating an electric current within the metal components of the cell phone antenna? In other words, are the photons being converted into electrons? If so, how is this occurring? Replies: The electrons are already there in the antenna and circuitry. The radio and microwave photons simply push them into motion, which is the electric current. Richard E. Barrans Jr., Ph.D., M.Ed. Department of Physics and Astronomy University of Wyoming Mark, The photons do not become electrons. The photons give energy to the electrons, forcing them to move through the antenna. The radio waves have a specific frequency. The electrons move back and forth through the antenna with that same frequency. This motion of the electrons is the oscillating current that your cell phone amplifies and then translates into the sounds you hear.

406

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and Complete Metamorphosis and Complete Metamorphosis Name: Elissa Status: student Grade: 4-5 Location: Outside U.S. Country: USA Date: Winter 2011-2012 Question: I have read the question about the butterfly life cycle. It says the DNA of a butterfly and caterpillar are the same, well that's how I read it. I would like to know the exact cycle of a caterpillar to butterfly. I thought egg,caterpillar,chrysalis,red liquid (DNA soup!) body,out,dries wings strange liquid oozes out... As biology says it when ever you change your DNA will be the same...But as butterfly experts say they DNA from a caterpillar and the same butterfly is complete different. So next question is this true? Replies: My question to you is: if you want a recipe for chocolate chip cookies, do you need to read the whole cookbook? Or do you just go to the recipe for the cookies and ignore the rest? The caterpillar's cells and the butterfy's cells both contain the same instruction manual (DNA) but they read different parts of it at different stages of their life cycle.

407

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"Apparent Melting" "Apparent Melting" Name: Bernard Status: educator Grade: 6-8 Location: CA Country: USA Date: Spring 2012 Question: This is about melting. I know you already answered "Wood will not melt." And also, "sugar does not melt, it decomposes." Is there a different name for this, then? Somewhere I saw "apparent melting."? What if wood was heated up in an inert gas environment, and placed under pressure. Could liquid wood then be produced? If it is true sugar does not melt (i.e. a physical change), then what are it is products if it "decomposes" (which is a chemical change)? Replies: Bernard, The reason that some substances decompose rather then melt is because the energy required to break the chemical bonds within the molecule is less than the energy required to break the intermolecular forces holding the molecules in a solid state. Since the melting temperature can be a function of pressure (look at any phase diagrams), it is possible to increase or decrease the temperature of melting and as such it is possible to move the melting temperature above or below the decomposition temperature since decomposition temperature is not as strongly affected by pressure.

408

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Desert Hair Desert Hair Name: Zimin Status: student Grade: 6-8 Location: Outside U.S. Country: Singapore Date: Spring 2012 Question: If hair is used for insulation, why do desert animals like camels have hair? Replies: Keep in mind that "insulation" works both ways -- "insulating" body heat from escaping from a warm body to colder surroundings (hence the fur coat of a polar bear). Compare this with the function of hair on a camel. The hair (fur) limits the absorption of heat by the animal from its hot surroundings. Vince Calder Zimin Principally to protect them from the burning rays of the sun; and to help with water retention. Desert hair, when in sufficient quantities, can protect from biting insects although sometimes it provides refuge to insect vermin, provides coloration for various social purposes and provides warmth during cold desert nights.

409

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Each Substance Unique Density Each Substance Unique Density Name: Colin Status: educator Grade: 6-8 Location: CO Country: USA Date: Winter 2011-2012 Question: Is it true that the density of each substance is unique? (That is my understanding.) So when my students ask, will a substance with a density of 1g/cc float or sink in water, I should tell them that this is a highly unlikely situation because pure, distilled water is the only known substance with that density? Replies: Hi Colin, No, the density of a substance is not a unique property of the substance. Density is not enough to uniquely identify a solid or liquid. It certainly is one of several physical properties that one likes to measure in order to be sure that a substance is what one supposes it to be. Consider carbon. In its graphitic form a sample of carbon will have a density of about 2.2. In the form of diamond, carbon's density is about 3.5. This simple example shows that the manner in which the element is formed results in a phase with a very different density. More generally, one can form various minerals with various densities and there is no guarantee that one of those will not have a density of 1. The same is true with liquids - thousands of new compounds are synthesized every year, and I am willing to bet any money that some of them have a density of 1 g/cc.

410

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Computers Communicating Computers Communicating Name: Billy Status: student Grade: 6-8 Location: FL Country: USA Date: Fall 2011 Question: How do computers talk to each other? Replies: Hi Billy, Great question! Much like how we talk to each other, computers have a common language. For most of us it's English. In addition, computers follow what is called protocol, much like how we follow rules and etiquette. The computer language is made up by an electrical signal and it is either 5 volts or 0 volts. This can be represented as a [1] or a [0]. This one or zero is what is called a bit in the binary language. Binary, meaning two bits of information. The language can be defined so that [1] means "yes" and [0] means " no". But computers can process multiple bits per given time. So adding more bits, gives us more words. Say two bits of information: [00], [01], [10], [11]. Each of these can mean "yes", "no", "maybe", "I do not know".

411

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Seed Numbers Seed Numbers Name: Dan Status: student Grade: n/a Location: N/A Country: USA Date: Summer 2011 Question: Why do some seed plants produce numerous seeds, while others just one? Replies: Hi Dan, When a plant produces seed, the purpose is to carry on the species - to produce more plants. The strategy employed by the plant will vary depending on the environment in which the plant has developed, but in the main there are two main strategies which I categorize in my head as "Special Care" and "Safety in Numbers". "Safety In Numbers" is how the dandelion chooses to tackle the problem. It produces huge numbers of seeds, and does very little to help those seeds other than to make sure they get away from the parent plant (That's trhe job of the parachute) Other plants which use this strategy include most herbs such as mint, borage, dill where the seeds are very small, and are produced in huge numbers.

412

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Multi-universe Multi-universe Name: Matt Status: student Grade: 9-12 Location: MI Country: USA Date: Winter 2011-2012 Question: Assuming that the Multi-universe theory is correct, and there are an infinite amount of universes for an infinite amount of possibilities , could there be a possibility to where in another universe (or say even our universe) there are no multi-universes? Would this trump that very idea? Replies: One could conceive of a universe which had no connections to any other universe except through its creation. Be a pretty boring place, I would think. But it would get around the problem you posed. R. W. "Mr. A." Avakian Matt, In the multi-verse theory, a universe does not contain everything. A universe contains space and time. Space and time do not contain the universe. It is possible that each universe contains its own space and time. These do not have to work the same way as our space and time. Maybe there is something beyond space and time, beyond space and time. Maybe there is not. If there is, then it does not have to resemble space and time in any way.

413

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Melting Salt Versus Dissolving Salt Melting Salt Versus Dissolving Salt Name: Mark Status: student Grade: 9-12 Country: USA Date: Winter 2011-2012 Question: When we try to melt a certain amount of table salt, we have to raise the temperature significantly, but when we drop it into the water, its atoms are easily separated. Where does this energy comes from? Replies: You could consider it a chemical reaction (though easily reversible) between water and salt. When: the component ions of the salt are dispersed in the water and individually hydrated, the overall energy state is lower than when: the ions combine into a salt crystal and the water is someplace separate from it; so the reaction goes forward. You could think of it as potential energy, some energy that has long been stored up, just waiting to be given the kinetic occasion to act (by putting the salt crystal in contact with the water). The world is full of potential energies like that, and industrial civilization lives by finding and activating them.

414

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No Flow in Liquid Container Despite Pressure Difference No Flow in Liquid Container Despite Pressure Difference Name: Chantaiah Status: student Grade: 12 Country: India Date: Winter 2011-2012 Question: Why is it that a liquid in a container cannot flow from bottom to top even though there is a pressure difference? Replies: Chantaiah, The pressure difference for a liquid in a container is due to gravity. The pressure supports the weight of the liquid above it. The pressure at the top supports the atmosphere, countering the atmospheric pressure. The pressure at the bottom of the container supports the atmosphere plus the weight of the liquid within the container. The pressure difference pushes up, but gravity pulls down. The two effects cancel each other, so the liquid just sits still in the container. Dr. Ken Mellendorf Physics Instructor Illinois Central College

415

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Abscisic Acid and Germination Abscisic Acid and Germination Name: Gabrielle Status: other Grade: other Location: FL Country: USA Date: Winter 2011-2012 Question: Why would abscisic acid found in tomato inhitbit seed germination of a mustard seed, bean seed and corn seed? Replies: Many plants naturally have abscisic acid within the seeds to prevent sprouting until the spring. http://plantphys.info/seedg/seed.html "Inhibitors Present: Many plant species invest chemicals in the developing seeds, and these chemicals inhibit the development of the embryos. They keep the embryos dormant. Obviously the seed must have some way to eliminate these chemicals before they can sprout." "Abscisic Acid: Many temperate zone species that use inhibitors use abscisic acid. This chemical induces dormancy in the embryo. The chemical is produced in abundance in the late summer and early fall. The seeds in the fruits become dormant so, even if they are dispersed in autumn, they cannot sprout. During the winter enzymes in the seeds degrade the abscisic acid. By spring the abscisic acid is gone and the seed can sprout."

416

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Mica, Gypsum, and Hardness Mica, Gypsum, and Hardness Name: Melissa Status: educator Grade: 4 Location: NC Country: USA Date: Winter 2011-2012 Question: I have a question regarding the hardness of mica and gypsum. Gypsum is a 2 on Moh's hardness scale and mica is somewhere between a 2 and 3. However, mica breaks and scratches very easily by a penny, paper clip, and fingernail and gypsum does not. What is a good way to explain to my students how gypsum is still "softer" on the scale? Obviously, mica breaks apart very easily. Replies: Melissa, Mineral hardness and mineral cleavage are separate issues. Mineral hardness is a measure of a mineral's ability to resist being scratched. Mineral cleavage is the ability for a mineral to split along weakly-bonded atomic planes. The micas have one good mineral cleavage. That is, mica splits nicely in along one plane. Halite (table salt), on the other hand, splits equally well in three orthogonal directions (that is, along three planes, each of which is at 90 degrees to the others). Shake out some table salt on an overhead projector and have the students walk up to the screen. They will see that all salt has cubic mineral cleavage. I don't know how much snow you get in North Carolina, but if you get some salt that is used to melt ice you will note that it too has cubic cleavage. When you break up the large salt crystals you will observe that they break into smaller cubes. When you break the mica, it will break into smaller sheets.

417

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Silica Gel Silica Gel Name: Lisa Status: educator Grade: 9-12 Location: Outside U.S. Country: USA Date: Fall 2011 Question: Can you tell me how silica gel is correctly categorized (I see it called narrow or large pore as well as Type A, B and C)? What is the difference? Are they all used the same way, as a desiccant? Replies: Hi Lisa, The "A", "B" and "C" designations of silica gel refer to the pore size. The "A" type has large numbers of very small pores, and is generally used as a desiccant. Water vapor is adsorbed into these pores, or water vapor already adsorbed, is released upon heating. This is the type normally found in small bags packed in electronic and optical products. The "C" type has somewhat fewer (but still very large numbers) large pores. This type is used for large volumes of liquid water absorption, commonly as cat litter.

418

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Lunar Bisector and Direction of Sun Lunar Bisector and Direction of Sun Name: Naomi Status: student Grade: other Country: United Kingdom Date: Spring 2012 Question: Positions of Sun and Moon. I often walk in the early morning, and on a clear day sometimes both the sun and moon are clearly visible. On the days when the moon is at half phase, effectively a semi circle , the visible lit side is illuminated by the rising sun. So, using a set square aligned along the moon's visible diameter, and a ruler at right angles, in contact with the square, I expected that the ruler would point directly at the sun. On the days I have tried this the sun always seem to be lower down in the sky than the ruler suggests it should be. Maybe, I guess, as much as 20 degrees off target. Why does the lit half of the moon not seem to always point straight at the sun?

419

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Computer Science Archives Computer Science Archives Computer Science Archives, Since November 1991 Table of Contents: PC Questions. PC, EISA, LOCAL BUS, QIC-80 The 686 problem. Microprocessor CPU BUS, BIOS, and Light-based computers What is the difference between DX vs DLC? SLC? DLC? Why not 80586 and instead Pentium? Floating Point Accuracy Looking In On Windows and Windows NT Do I need more memory or speed? UNIX library UNIX-V Modem problem Brain Storage? Megabytes Gigabytes Brain Speed? Virtual Reality, SimCity AI software for classroom, SimCity Network, file server, and modem? Fiber optic network, Ethernet, Appletalk Cobol, Programming C Help with the history of C language. BCPL What is a good compiler for learning C? Can you advise a high school Pascal teacher? Sierpinski's Sieve Neural Net book recommendation needed

420

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Flightless Birds Flightless Birds Name: Nick Status: student Grade: 6-8 Location: Outside U.S. Country: Canada Date: Winter 2011-2012 Question: Since the bird Emu is flightless, do their wings server another purpose? Also have they always been flightless? Replies: Nick: Emu wings are vestigial, meaning they probably serve no purpose now. The emu as a species is flightless, but most likely evolved from ancestors that had wings. This from http://tolweb.org/treehouses/?treehouse_id=4729 may help. "The Emu has lost almost all need for the function of its wings. Through evolutionary time, their wing skeleton has degraded to only a single functional digit. In accordance with a reduced skeleton, there have been significant reductions in the muscles of the wing, even when comparing the Emu to other non-flying birds. Still, many muscles show diversity in their shape, where they are attached to the bone ,and whether they are even present or not. Evolutionary theory predicts that relaxed selection on vestigial organs should allow more variation to persist in the population, and this corresponds to what is observed in Emu populations."

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421

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Shoes and Energy Shoes and Energy Name: Steven Status: other Grade: other Location: CT Date: Winter 2011-2012 Question: A company named Athletic Propulsion Labs designed a basketball shoe that they claim makes a player jump higher. The shoe has "Load and Launch" technology built into the front sole of the shoe that is some sort of spring mechanism. The way I see it, this mechanism cannot allow a player to jump higher because only an external force can produce motion. The spring mechanism is internal to the body (including the player, shoes, socks uniform) that is launched into the air and an internal force cannot produce motion. Despite this, the shoe has been tested and found to provide additional lift. The shoe has actually been banned by the NBA because it provides an unfair advantage to players who wear them. How could this shoe possibly work?

422

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Nitrogen Free Soil Nitrogen Free Soil Name: Sam Status: student Grade: 6-8 Location: WY Country: USA Date: Winter 2011-2012 Question: I'm curious about nitrogen-fixating plants that convert nitrogen to nitrates and nitrites and wondered if there is such a thing as nitrogen-free soil for me to experiment with in my family's greenhouse? Replies: Hi Sam, A fine sand, washed in distilled water, would be the nearest to a nitrogen-free soil you could easily get. Any soil with organic material/humus would likely have some forms of organic and inorganic nitrogen. Sand would also be deficient in nearly all other nutrients, but overall it would allow you to control all nutrients independently. Don You can use the silica (quartz) sand used in fish tanks. That medium will be nitrogen-free, or very close to nitrogen-free.

423

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Insolation as Percent of Total Solar Output Insolation as Percent of Total Solar Output Name: Terry Status: student Grade: 9-12 Country: USA Date: Spring 2012 Question: What percentage of the sun's total output do we actually receive on Earth? Replies: Terry, First, imagine a sphere around the Sun with a radius equal to the distance of the Sun to the Earth. Using geometry, calculate the total surface area of this sphere (AS = 4 pr r[of our imagined sphere]^2). The portion of this area that the Earth takes up is the area of the cross-section of the Earth (AE = pi r[of Earth]^2). Dividing AE by AS tells us what fraction of the Sun's output (assuming it is equally dispersed to the surface of our hypothetical sphere) reaches the Earth. Multiplying this by 100 gives percent. Greg (Roberto Gregorius) Canisius College

424

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Varying Size of Full Moon Varying Size of Full Moon Name: Marian Status: student Grade: other Country: Australia Date: Spring 2012 Question: Someone said that our full moon on 7/4/12 was the biggest moon for the year, if this is so, why? How is it that the apparent size of the moon changes? Replies: I am not certain about exact dates. It is true, however, that the Moon's orbit about the Earth is not a perfect circle, but an ellipse. The Moon is closer to the Earth at some points in its orbit than at others. If it is full when it is close, it appears bigger in the sky. Richard E. Barrans Jr., Ph.D., M.Ed. Department of Physics and Astronomy University of Wyoming Marian, I do not know about 7/4/12 but I have seen reports that the full moon last 3/18 - 19/12 was the largest observed in 20 years (sorry, I did not actually observe this myself). This was because the moon was in perigee - a point in the moon's orbit that takes it closest to the Earth, and this coincided with a full moon. The moon's orbit around the Earth is not circular, it is elliptical. This means that there will be times that it will be a little bit farther or closer depending on the coincidence of the Earth and Moon orbits as well as the occurrence of the full moon. The moon can appear as much as 14% larger during perigee.

425

Newton Falls, Ohio: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

8839°, -80.9781468° 8839°, -80.9781468° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.18839,"lon":-80.9781468,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

426

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Changing during a Lifetime Changing during a Lifetime Name: Chatta Status: student Grade: 12+ Location: Outside U.S. Country: India Date: Winter 2011-2012 Question: Does DNA change with growth or does it stay exactly the same throughout our life time? Replies: DNA generally does not change drastically over a lifetime. However, DNA expression can change over time based on developmental and/or environmental cues (even though the underlying sequences stay the same). However, during cell division, minor mutations can always crop up. Some are silent while others are disastrous (i.e. cancer). To prevent the likelihood of such genomic disaster, cells are pre-programmed to senesce after a certain number of divisions. This is governed by the Hayflick Limit. This is an extreme case, but there have been documented cases of viruses invading human cells and "exporting" some of their DNA through horizontal gene transfer. The HeLa cell line is one example of a chimeric "hybrid". These cells are cancerous, but highly useful for research because the Hayflick Limit does not apply. They are functionally immortal. br>

427

City of Newton, Texas (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Texas Texas Utility Id 13603 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location SERC NERC SPP Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Bundled Services Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial Lighting Service Commercial Large Light And Power Commercial Municipal Street Lighting - 175 Watt MV Lighting Municipal Street Lighting - 400 Watt MV Lighting Residental Service Commercial Security Lights 175W Lighting Security Lights 400W HPS Lighting Security Lights 400W MH Lighting Average Rates Residential: $0.0993/kWh Commercial: $0.0874/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a"

428

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Fruit Battery and Current Fruit Battery and Current Name: Rahil Status: student Grade: 4-5 Location: MN Country: USA Date: Winter 2011-2012 Question: Hello, I am a 5th grade student and doing "Fruit Battery" experiment for my science fair. My question is "What produce requires the least amount (in mass) to make a battery that lasts the longest?" I set up trials using potato, apple, orange and lemon. For all these produces when I created the first voltaic cell and measured the open and closed circuit voltages using multimeter, they were same, I am using 2.6V LED to light up which has no resistance. I also did not use any other external resistor. After adding 2nd voltaic cell to the circuit in series, the open and closed voltages differ by some amount. I want to know the reason behind the difference in the open and closed circuit voltages when there is more than one voltaic cell.. Also I tried to measure the current but it always started with one value and kept going down and never got stabilized at one value. May I know the reason for this as well?

429

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Tommy C. Douglas Ph. D. Tommy C. Douglas Ph. D. Tommy C. Douglas Human Genetics Center Univ. of Texas School of Public Health P.O. Box 20334 Houston, TX 77225 1946 Born in Durant, OK Parents: Harry G. Douglas and Florence Teague Douglas 1965 Graduated from Midland High School, Midland, TX 1969 A.B. Degree (chemistry), with honors, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 1969 Sigma Xi recognition for outstanding undergraduate research 1970 M.S. Degree (biology), California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 1974 Ph.D. Degree (biology), California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA Dissertation Title: "The Theta Antigen of Mice and Its Analog in Rats" 1974-76 Member, Basel Institute for Immunology, Basel, Switzerland 1976-82 Asst. Professor, Univ. of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, TX

430

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Capacitor and Current Capacitor and Current Name: Hadia Status: student Grade: 9-12 Country: Pakistan Date: Spring 2012 Question: How exactly can current pass through a capacitor? Be it A.C or D.C. Even if we consider the general logic that current 'flows through' a capacitor as it charges and discharges via A.C, then in what does the discharged current flow. If it flows through, shouldn't power be dissipated. And if it flows back and what is the use of a capacitor? Even if you say, it flows through, how would you explain it in terms of individual charges? Replies: Hadia, Your question is a natural one because it appears that current flows "through" a capacitor. Indeed, we treat capacitors as though they are resistors in which individual electrons enter on one terminal and exit through the other. A capacitor operates differently. The word "capacitor" implies a device that has "capacity," or a device that has the capability to store a certain amount of charge, somewhat like a "charge bucket." In fact, the formula for capacitance, Q=CV, implies just this storage: The charge stored by a capacitor (Q measured in Coulombs) is given by its capacitance (C measured in Farads) multiplied by the voltage applied to the capacitor (V measured in Volts). Current does not flow through the capacitor as much as into the plates of the capacitor, i.e., into its "charge bucket."

431

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Cosmic Ray Flux and Solar Storm Cosmic Ray Flux and Solar Storm Name: Justin Status: student Grade: 9-12 Location: IL Country: USA Date: Spring 2012 Question: I have taken much interest in the solar storm, this past week (6.March.2012). One report said that cosmic ray flux decreased as the mass passed Earth late on Tuesday and Wednesday. Why? I thought it would increase due to all of the energetic particles. Perhaps the sun is NOT part of the source of cosmic rays? Please help me understand this non-intuitive event. Replies: Justin English is a difficult language and sometimes the reading of words do not result in the meaning the author intended. I think the author meant to say that as the solar storm passed by the Earth, the Cosmic Ray Flux decreased. Both of your assumptions are correct. The Cosmic Ray Flux would increase as the storm approached the Earth and peaked and the Sun is not the only source of Cosmic Ray Flux.

432

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Earth Shadow Direction on Lunar Eclipse Earth Shadow Direction on Lunar Eclipse Name: David Status: other Grade: other Location: UT Date: Winter 2011-2912 Question: Watching the lunar eclipse yesterday morning near Salt Lake City, Utah, I was surprised to see the darkness proceed from the top of the moon down to its "south" pole. Since the moon is travelling in orbit more or less horizontal to the earth's equator I would have expected the darkness to start on one side of the moon and proceed to the other--from the moon's "east" side to its "west" side as it entered Earth's shadow. Why did the shadow go from north to south? Replies: Dear David, The Moon really slid into Earth's shadow from northwest to southeast. The Moon's orbit makes it shift a bit in declination. I am glad you saw this eclipse; hope you enjoyed it! It was my 80th eclipse.

433

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Albino Gene Loci Albino Gene Loci Name: Gabreal Status: other Grade: 9-12 Location: Outside U.S. Country: USA Date: Spring 2012 Question: What chromosome is albinism located on? Replies: There are actually many different kinds of albinism which occur due to mutations in different genes. In principle, all forms of albinism share a common trait, namely that affected individuals do not produce melanin, the major pigment protein in our skin. However, there are a wide variety of potential mutations that can lead to this result, and they are located on several different chromosomes. One notable case is of ocular albinisms, which only affect the eyes (and not the skin). These mutations have been shown to be present almost exclusively on the X chromosome. As a result, most individuals affected with X-linked ocular albinism will be male, similar to the genetics of X-linked color blindness.

434

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Random Number Generators Random Number Generators Name: Simon Status: student Grade: n/a Country: Sweden Date: May 2, 2011 Question: If you have ever been playing Minecraft 1.5_01, you know about "seeds" or numbers for the world generation algorithm. What I want to know is how it works and/or how many worlds that it can create. Replies: I do not know about the game. But here is the "problem". To generate a "random" number, one starts with a "seed" number of arbitrary length. Then that is then fed into a complex series of computations. A different "seed" gives a completely different result of the different series of computations. The different "seed" and a different algorithm (which may change from one cycle to the next) gives a certain result, which may again be re-cycled into another algorithm. To a given degree of "accuracy" the final result may be "random". "Randomness" depends upon the choice of "seed", the algorithm, and the number of cycles. I don't know that it has been proven mathematically that a certain procedure the guarantees a "random" number (that is a totally different mathematical problem). That, at the present of the mathematical "art" has not been proven, but that is not my area of expertise.

435

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Acid, Gasses and Enzymes Acid, Gasses and Enzymes Name: Anirudh Status: student Grade: 9-12 Location: NY Country: India Date: Winter 2011-2012 Question: We were synthesizing Ammonia gas using HCl acid, as a part of the class experiment, for studying its chemical properties and that's when it hit me! Our body produces gases and acids like these (eg: Urea) during various metabolic process, which seems impossible because these gases & acids require very high temperatures (~200'C) for their synthesis and the maximum our body can do is 37'C. So how a human body is able to produce gasses and acids like Ammonia, Hydrogen Sulfide, HCl and others at body temperature? Replies: It would help to know the reaction you are using to synthesize ammonia gas (NH3), a base, using HCl, an acid. But putting that aside, realize that there are many reactions that have ammonia as a product. Some of these reactions require high temperature, but many other reactions do not require elevated temperature. What I believe you are thinking about is the reaction of formation of a compound, that is, the formation of a compound, in this case NH3, from its constituent elements -- N2 and H2 -- 1/2 N2 + 3/2 H2 = NH3.

436

NEWTON, Ask a Scientist at Argonne National Labs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Knowing When Material is Melted Knowing When Material is Melted Name: Annaliese Status: student Grade: 6-8 Country: USA Date: Winter 2011-2012 Question: Hi, for my science fair project I am asking: does the fat content in ice cream change the melting speed? I am not sure how you would test if the ice cream was melted Replies: Annaliese I would suggest laying the lump of ice cream on a flat surface and measuring the time it takes for all of the lumps to melt. Be sure that the temperature of the flat surface (and the ambient air?) is the same for all measurements. Sincere regards, Mike Stewart br> Annaliese, As you have already figured out, it is unreliable to use some sort of visual inspection for the melting of ice cream, or, for that matter, any real world substance. The problem is that during melting, there is an equilibrium between the solid and the liquid, that is, the solid is becoming liquid, while the liquid is becoming solid, in different parts of the mixture.

437

NEWTON, Ask a Scientist at Argonne National Labs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Separating Polypropylene, Polyester, and Nylon Separating Polypropylene, Polyester, and Nylon Name: Arye Status: other Grade: 12+ Location: IL Country: USA Date: Summer 2011 Question: Polypropylene, polyester, or Nylon webbing. How can one tell the difference between them when no label is supplied. Are there solvents one can use to separate one from another in the group? I understand there differences in the stretch rate Polypropylene, polyester, stretch less than Nylon, Nylon stretching the most. Polyester is the most UV resistant. All are hydrophobic to various degrees polypropylene, polyester than nylon being the least. Polypropylene, polyester, or Nylon webbing. How can one tell the difference between them when no label is supplied. Replies: Hi Arye, The short answer to your question on how to tell these polymers from each other is "with considerable difficulty"! None of the three polymers you mention (polypropylene, nylon, and polyester) are soluble in any solvents, so detection by solvency is not possible. None of the rest of the properties you mention (stretch rate and hydrophobic properties) produce sufficiently clear cut results to be useful. One semi-reliable way to tell them apart is by the smell that results from heating a small sample. Polyolefins such as polypropylene (and polyethylene) smell like heated wax (since these polymers are in essence simply long chain waxes). Nylons also tend to have their own distinctive odor when heated.

438

NEWTON, Ask a Scientist at Argonne National Labs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Crystalline Solids and Lowest Energy Crystalline Solids and Lowest Energy Name: Maggie Status: student Grade: 9-12 Country: Malaysia Date: Fall 2011 Question: Why does crystalline solid has to be in the lowest energy state? Replies: Maggie, My first thought upon reading your question was: "... lowest energy state - relative to what?" The problem is that yes, crystalline solids have lower energy states compared to the same substance at higher temperatures and different states, but it may also be of a higher energy state relative to other substances at the same temperature. So, maybe let us look at what "crystalline solid" means - and then you can answer the question based on whatever parameters you want to apply. By "solid" we mean that the atoms that make up the substance do not have translational motion. Meaning to say, they may vibrate in place, but on average stay in the same location. This means that there is a higher level of order (lower level of entropy) in solids compared to other phases (liquids and gases) that do have translational mobility. For this reason, when compared to other states, we say solids - everything else being equal - have a lower energy state.

439

The sensitivity of the seismic solar model to Newton's constant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......tabulated form; the nuclear fusion network, pp chain and...mainly as a result of nuclear fusion reactions of the pp...using the best available input physical parameters...they are produced in nuclear fusion processes in the solar......

Ildio P. Lopes; Joseph Silk

2003-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

440

Imaging Heterogeneous Objects Using Transport Theory and Newton's Method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

were being scanned.2 The systems used today in all major U.S. ports to determine the presence of radioactive material within cargo containers are Radiation Portal Monitors (RPM). These devices generally exist in the form of a gate or series of gates... detectors can can be used in portal monitors such as scintillators such as Sodium Iodide (NaI), High Purity Germanium (HPGe), Polyvinyl Toluene (PVT) for gamma particle detection and gas-filled detectors like Helium-3 (He-3) tubes for neutron detection...

Fredette, Nathaniel

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "newton jasper polk" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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441

Early Results from the XMM-Newton EPIC Calibration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ur Extraterrestrische Physik, Postfach 1312, 85741 Garch- ing, Germany 4 European Space Research and Technology Center J2000 Exp. Time a Clean Exp.Time b Obs Date (h m s) (d m s) (ksec) (ksec) 1 7 58 33 60 52 54 7.7 7 are #24; 2 ks shorter. b - Cleaned exposure times are essentially the same for MOS and PN cameras. 4

442

John Wallis as editor of Newton's mathematical work  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...expression was used by seventeenth-century mathematicians to denote methods...subject in the mid seventeenth century, not least because of its...Nicolaus Mercator for the British camp aroused scandalized protests...scientific men of the Seventeenth Century (Oxford University Press...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Smith Newton Vehicle Performance Evaluation - Gen2 - 2013 (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Fleet Test and Evaluation Team at the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory is evaluating and documenting the performance of electric and plug-in hybrid electric drive systems in medium-duty trucks across the nation. U.S. companies participating in this evaluation project received funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act to cover part of the cost of purchasing these vehicles. Through this project, Smith Electric Vehicles is building and deploying 500 all-electric medium-duty trucks that will be deployed by a variety of companies in diverse climates across the country.

Not Available

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Smith Newton Vehicle Performance Evaluation - Gen 2 - Cumulative (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Fleet Test and Evaluation Team at the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory is evaluating and documenting the performance of electric and plug-in hybrid electric drive systems in medium-duty trucks across the nation. U.S. companies participating in this evaluation project received funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act to cover part of the cost of purchasing these vehicles. Through this project, Smith Electric Vehicles is building and deploying 500 all-electric medium-duty trucks that will be deployed by a variety of companies in diverse climates across the country.

Not Available

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

PRECONDITIONING OF ACTIVE-SET NEWTON METHODS FOR ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dec 12, 2014 ... SF = LM?1L + ??1M. (3.5). Note that the preconditioner PBT does not depend on the nonlinear iteration k, and therefore on the current active...

2014-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

446

Optimal Newton-type methods for nonconvex smooth optimization ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jun 19, 2011 ... We consider a general class of second-order iterations for unconstrained ...... greater than k0 such that the lower bound on ?k does not hold. 2.

2011-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

447

A PRECONDITIONER FOR A PRIMAL-DUAL NEWTON ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dec 30, 2014 ... smooth pseudo-Huber function (2.1) exhibited an ill-conditioning ...... Book Air running OS X 10.10.1 with 2 GHz (3 GHz turbo boost) Intel Core...

2014-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

448

Newton-Krylov Methods in Power Flow and Contingency Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the generation, transmission, and distribution of electrical energy. Power systems are considered to be the largest and most complex man-made systems. As electrical energy is vital to our society, power systems in both operational control and planning of power systems. Essential tools are power flow (or load flow

Vuik, Kees

449

An Accelerated Newton Method for Equations with Semismooth ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a nonsingularity condition on N. Kelley and Suresh [16] prove superlinear ... can be extended to use a scheme like that of Kelley and Suresh [16], increasing.

2007-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

450

A NEWTON-PICARD APPROACH FOR EFFICIENT NUMERICAL ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For instance, many processes in chemical engineering are operated in a periodic manner, e.g., separation processes like Simulated Moving Bed. (SMB) or ...... commercial software package MATLAB, with a relative integration tolerance of.

2009-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

451

Optimization Online - A dual Newton strategy for the efficient solution ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jul 24, 2013 ... The performance of the solver in combination with the ACADO Code Generation tool for nonlinear MPC is assessed based on two benchmark...

Janick Frasch

2013-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

452

Iteration-Complexity of a Newton Proximal Extragradient Method for ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Apr 14, 2011 ... a variant of Tseng's modified forward-backward splitting method; ii) Korpelevich's method; iii) the classical ...... [8] M. Fukushima. Equivalent...

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

453

Isaac Newton Institute for Mathematical Sciences Magnetic Reconnection Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of many MHD phenomena. Magnetic field lines in a configuration of eight null points, where reconnection. Inside the sheet, magnetic diffusion becomes important and the field lines are able to diffuse through. In particular, a plasma interacts in a subtle and intimate way with any magnetic field that is present. For many

454

Practical Inexact Proximal Quasi-Newton Method with Global ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mar 14, 2014 ... Laboratory, 200 West Packer Avenue, Bethlehem, PA 18015-1582, USA .... This, of course, has been known about first-oder methods for a ...... and application to energy forecasting, in Proceedings of the 30th International...

2014-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

455

Smith Newton Vehicle Performance Evaluation - 1st Quarter 2014 (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Fleet Test and Evaluation Team at the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory is evaluating and documenting the performance of electric and plug-in hybrid electric drive systems in medium-duty trucks across the nation. U.S. companies participating in this evaluation project received funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act to cover part of the cost of purchasing these vehicles. Through this project, Smith Electric Vehicles is building and deploying 500 all-electric medium-duty trucks that will be deployed by a variety of companies in diverse climates across the country.

Not Available

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

A robust Kantorovich's theorem on inexact Newton method with ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since linear system are solved always inexactly in floating point computations, it is natural to investigate robustness of Kantorovich's and Kantorovich's-like...

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

457

Solving a Class of Nonlinear Eigenvalue Problems by Newton's Method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

minimization in electronic structure calculation. Journal ofarising from electronic structure calculation. We show thatarises in electronic structure calculations [14, 10]. The

Gao, Weiguo

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Band preconditioners for the matrix-free truncated Newton method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for 1 ? i ? m, where di = si+1 ? si = ?ipi and yi = gi+1 ? gi = Gdi. Vectors pi and gi are byproducts of the conjugate gradient method preconditioned by matrix C.

2010-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

459

Newton's constant and the twenty-first century laboratory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the quantum mechanical vacuum the uncertainty principle...the Weak and Strong nuclear forces. The origin...range of future particle accelerators (of the order of few...capacitances with angle. The vacuum can is connected to...between the rods and vacuum can produced by motion...

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

A hero for their times: early biographies of Newton  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Department of History, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2N 1N4 Edited by Rob Iliffe, Milo Keynes, and Rebekah Higgitteds...variations of lunar motions. He extrapolated from the case of the Solar System to the universe at large, arguing that every body in...

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "newton jasper polk" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Newton Center, Massachusetts: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2.3306528°, -71.1994989° 2.3306528°, -71.1994989° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.3306528,"lon":-71.1994989,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

462

Newton County, Missouri: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

94.315422° 94.315422° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":36.9618494,"lon":-94.315422,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

463

NEWTON, Ask a Scientist at Argonne National Labs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Transit of Venus and Earth-Sun Distance Transit of Venus and Earth-Sun Distance Name: Denise Status: student Grade: 12 Country: Philippines Date: Spring 2012 Question: How do scientists determine the distance of Earth from Sun through the Transit of Venus? Replies: Dear Denise, This is a very good question. The way they calculated it was to use (1) as precise longitudes they could find, and (2) precise timings of first and last contacts of the transits. From these data they were able to arrive at a value for the distance between Earth and Sun. The problem was (besides weather) that the back drop effect prevented accurate timings. A transit of Venus takes place Venus is directly between Earth and Sun. You can imagine two big triangles in the sky, one whose base is on the Earth and whose apex is at Venus The other has its base on the Sun and its apex on Venus. They can use observers at different places on Earth to produce slightly different triangles. Then they can use trigonometry to calculate the distance. Using this method can work only if observations are made from points widely separated on the Earth's surface. Knowing the distance between these points on Earth, one can calculate the distance between Earth and Sun.

464

NEWTON, Ask a Scientist at Argonne National Labs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Disciplines for Microwave Heating Disciplines for Microwave Heating Name: Ali Status: educator Grade: 9-12 Location: N/A Country: Iran Date: Spring 2012 Question: One of my students has asked which discipline (physics, mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, communications engineering, .....) is most involved in the design of microwave heating solutions. I have asked experts in all four fields and they all seemed puzzled and unaware of the answer. Who designs microwave heating equipment? Replies: In modern science and engineering, the distinctions between academic disciplines are very blurred. There is a strong focus on inter-disciplinary studies because so many disciplines are needed to design everyday things. For example, a home microwave includes chemical engineers (who design the materials), mechanical engineers (who design structural parts made from the materials), electrical engineers (who design the circuitry), industrial engineers (who design the appearance and functionality), physicists (who invented the magnetron powering the microwave source).

465

NEWTON, Ask a Scientist at Argonne National Labs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Aggressive Dogs Aggressive Dogs Name: Santha Status: student Grade: 9-12 Location: Outside U.S. Country: Australia Date: Fall 2011 Question: What type of aggression classification would you give a dog that attacks other dogs with out any signs or provocations? Replies: Santha, In my experiences of breeding and raising several (related) Jack Russell Terriers, I've observed it is a matter of perceived threat. By this I mean either the aggressive dog IS threatened in some way, or the aggressive dog PERCEIVES a threat when one might not actually exist, and the dog lashes out. I've seen that most of the female dogs I've had did not get along with each other. My explanation for this is that each of them has a relationship of trust and concern with me, and they see another female dogs as a threat to that "relationship". Oddly, all of the female dogs I have had have gotten along ok with each of the males I've had.

466

NEWTON, Ask a Scientist at Argonne National Labs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Crystalline Metal Versus Metallic Glass and Conduction Crystalline Metal Versus Metallic Glass and Conduction Name: Marilyn Status: student Grade: 12 Country: USA Date: Fall 2011 Question: Which will have a better electrical conductivity, a crystalline metal or a metallic glass. Replies: Hi Marilyn, I was unable to find any direct data on electrical conductivity of amorphous metals, however there is data that appears to suggest the conductivity of amorphous metal is slightly worse than that of the same metal in crystalline form. It is known that amorphous metals have lower thermal conductivity than their crystalline forms, and in most cases decreased thermal conductivity is accompanied by decreased electrical conductivity. It is also known that as a metal's crystal structure becomes finer and more disorganized, electrical conductivity decreases somewhat. An example of this is the case of copper. Annealed copper, which has fewer, larger crystals, has slightly better electrical conductivity than work-hardened copper. Work-hardening copper breaks up the large crystals into much smaller, and more disorganized ones, resulting in its electrical conductivity being slightly reduced. Carrying this to it's logical end, an infinitely small and highly disordered crystal structure would appear much like a metallic glass. From this, therefore, one can surmise that a true amorphous metal will indeed have slightly poorer electrical conductivity than normal crystalline metal of the same type.

467

NEWTON, Ask a Scientist at Argonne National Labs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Heat Shield and 120 000 Foot Fall Heat Shield and 120 000 Foot Fall Name: John Status: educator Grade: 9-12 Location: OK Country: USA Date: Winter 2011-2012 Question: My classes and I have been looking at the Red Bull/Stratos home page and discussing Felix Baumgartner's future attempt to free fall from 120,000 feet. Why is the build up of heat upon reentry not an issue, if he is expected to reach 700 plus miles per hour? Replies: It might be, but I am sure that has been taken into account. Here are some procedures that might be keep him from turning into a crisp. At high altitude the density of air is low so there would little resistance to avoid heating. I presume he will be outfitted with a heat resistant suit of some sort and a number of sensors to monitor temperature, pressure, and descent speed. As atmospheric pressure increases, his "jump" gear is probably fitted with devices to slow the rate of descent. I would guess the devices would be more complicated than a simple parachute, at least at high rates of fall, but some sort of "parachute" nonetheless to control his descent rate. In addition, I would guess he also has some sort of controllers to keep him from tumbling. At the high speed tumbling could be a worse issue than just speed. With some sort of foils (wings??) he could possibly move around in circles and glide at the same altitude. This would give him time to dissipate the heat. Basically, he would be a glider, dropping in a controlled spiral. He could control the "pitch" of the screw trajectory. Of course, some sort of breathing apparatus would have to be part of his apparatus.

468

NEWTON, Ask a Scientist at Argonne National Labs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Photon Mass and Gravitation Photon Mass and Gravitation Name: James Status: student Grade: 9-12 Location: MD Country: USA Date: Spring 2012 Question: A sun has mass. This mass causes it to collapse on itself, forming heavier and heavier elements. Eventually the sun will collapse and cause a black hole to form. The Earth also has a mass and gravity also tries to make the Earth collapse like the sun. The Earth however does not collapse like the sun. This occurs because of the quantum mechanical phenomenon known as Pauli's exclusion principle. The Pauli exclusion principle says that two electrons with the same spin state cannot occupy the same quantum orbital state. This prevents the earth from collapsing on itself. A photon has energy using Plank's E=hf equation. Using Einstein's E=mc^2 equation a photon has a relative mass. This relative mass will produce a force known as gravity. This force is explained through Einstein's Theory of General Relativity. Now why does a photon not collapse like the earth? Is there a principle similar to Pauli's exclusion principle that keeps a photon from collapsing? My question is what force combats the gravity of a photon, so that the photon does not collapse on itself and from a black hole like the sun.

469

NEWTON, Ask a Scientist at Argonne National Labs  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Electrical Transmission and Grounding Electrical Transmission and Grounding Name: Jose Status: educator Grade: 12+ Country: Portugal Date: Spring 2012 Question: NOTE: Normally we do not except multiple questions even on the same topic. These series of questions are closely related and the responding scientist has chosen to answer them sparately. The individula questions are followed by their answers. Replies: I have the following electric Power grid questions: Utility poles have a grounded wire. Is this just for lightening? ------------Lightning cables are about a quarter inch in diameter and are sometimes attached to utility poles. Sometimes a small cable may be a ground wire for some auxiliary service like fiber optic cable or telephone. Is not connected the neither one of the 3 phase wires, is it? -----------You have to look at the area to see if it is connected. Depending on what the cable is for, I doubt you would find it connected to one of the three phase wires Or else it would not be at ground level where people could touch it or power could leak to ground.

470

Solar Cooking in the Sahel1 Beth Newton1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cookers in northern Africa, by month, is18 obtained from surface observations of sunshine hours and remotely sensed SEVIRI data.19 #12;ABSTRACT20 Solar cookers have the potential to help many of the world been training refugees to manufacture and use solar cookers in north-eastern Chad,29 where

Marsham, John

471

An Inexact Newton Method for Nonconvex Equality Constrained ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

curvature directions during the step computation process. Line search ...... fccu(*). 19. 8. 12. 150. 12.50. 19.00. 33.33%. 66.67% genhs28(*). 10. 8. 4. 32. 8.00.

472

Visible Spirit Gianlorenzo Bernini  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a socle surmounted by two kneeling angels who held in their hands a base of Sicilian jasper, on which the bust itself rested. The socle and angels, made of gilt wood, were nearly two meters high, the jasper

473

Memetic Comp. (2010) 2:161162 DOI 10.1007/s12293-010-0041-8  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jasper A. Vrugt · Bruce A. Robinson · James M. Hyman Received: 13 April 2010 / Accepted: 15 April 2010-mail: jasper@uci.edu genetic and differential operators jointly to create offspring and evolve a population

Vrugt, Jasper A.

474

E-Print Network 3.0 - antimony sbfrom municipal Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

municipal... solid waste in a municipal waste combustor (MWC). In an attempt to "turn the tide", officials from Polk Source: Columbia University - Waste-to-Energy Research and...

475

Microsoft Word - Wireless - Sprint upgrades CX.docx  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3 West, Section 18, Polk County, Oregon Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA is proposing to allow Sprint to install...

476

factsheet  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

two conservation easements for wildlife mitigation on approximately 331 acres in the Eola Hills of Oregon's central Willamette Valley (see map). Located in northeastern Polk County...

477

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON EVOLUTIONARY COMPUTATION, VOL. 13, NO. 2, APRIL 2009 243 Self-Adaptive Multimethod Search for Global  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Adaptive Multimethod Search for Global Optimization in Real-Parameter Spaces Jasper A. Vrugt, Bruce A. Robinson

Vrugt, Jasper A.

478

ORIGINAL PAPER Equifinality of formal (DREAM) and informal (GLUE)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

modeling? Jasper A. Vrugt ? Cajo J. F. ter Braak ? Hoshin V. Gupta ? Bruce A. Robinson ? Springer

Vrugt, Jasper A.

479

Aquifer structure identification using stochastic inversion Dylan R. Harp,1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

V. Wolfsberg,2 Jasper A. Vrugt,3 Bruce A. Robinson,4 and Velimir V. Vesselinov2 Received 11 February

Vrugt, Jasper A.

480

Geophysical Journal International Geophys. J. Int. (2014) 196, 15081524 doi: 10.1093/gji/ggt482  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with electrical resistivity data Marina Rosas-Carbajal,1 Niklas Linde,1 Thomas Kalscheuer2 and Jasper A. Vrugt3

Vrugt, Jasper A.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "newton jasper polk" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Comment on ``Dynamically dimensioned search algorithm for computationally efficient watershed model calibration''  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

calibration'' by Bryan A. Tolson and Christine A. Shoemaker Ali Behrangi,1 Behnaz Khakbaz,1 Jasper A. Vrugt,2

Vrugt, Jasper A.

482

Introduction to the Special Section in Vadose Zone Journal: Parameter Identification and Uncertainty Assessment in the Unsaturated Zone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Uncertainty Assessment in the Unsaturated Zone Jasper A. Vrugt* and Shlomo P. Neuman DURING the last few

Vrugt, Jasper A.

483

Geophysical Journal International Geophys. J. Int. (2013) doi: 10.1093/gji/ggt482  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kalscheuer2 and Jasper A. Vrugt3,4 1Applied and Environmental Geophysics Group, Faculty of Geosciences

Vrugt, Jasper A.

484

Improved treatment of uncertainty in hydrologic modeling: Combining the strengths of global optimization and data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

optimization and data assimilation Jasper A. Vrugt,1 Cees G. H. Diks,2 Hoshin V. Gupta,3 Willem Bouten,1

Vrugt, Jasper A.

485

2014. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved. Eos, Vol. 95, No. 1, 7 January 2014  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. --JASPER A. VRUGT, University of California, Irvine Response It is a true honor to be named the 2013 Robert

Vrugt, Jasper A.

486

Biosolids and Wildlife Sally Brown  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of habitat. At four of these sites, Bunker Hill, ID, Leadville, CO, Jasper County, MO and Palmerton, PA tailings in Jasper County, MO before and after biosolids amendment. Small mammals were tested from collected at the Jasper County, MO Superfund site. This site is part of the Tri-State mining district

Brown, Sally

487

Re: RE: RE: FW: kink BilLlehr 0 Marcia K McNutt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to let you know that I am working on this while both Steve > > > and Jasper are out. I will get you : Haden, Steven K > > Sent: Monday, May 31, 2010 4:35 AM > > To: Peijs, Jasper > > Cc: Benko , Brittany D > > Subj ect: FW: kink > > > > > > Jasper, > > > > I'm back i n the UK until t omorrow. Grateful if you

Fleskes, Joe

488

KTSIMAGE/ISTOCKPHOTO ideo games can be mesmeriz-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Which may explain, in part, why 6-year-old Jasper has been sitting transfixed at a computer screen.Amoreinterestingreason for Jasper's quiet demeanor is that he is hurling the ball at a moving target using just his thoughts. Jasper

Moran, Daniel

489

ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29/WG 1 N 2415 Date: 2006-12-07  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Still Pictures JBIG JPEG Joint Bi-level Image Joint Photographic Experts Group Experts Group TITLE: JasPer PRINTING). #12;JasPer Software Reference Manual (Version 1.900.0) Michael D. Adams 2006-12-07 #12;ii #12;iii Contents 1 Introduction 1 1.1 Motivation Behind JasPer

Adams, Michael D.

490

.,$0*,*1.*,$2#-#*(3"$4.5(*(.#-$ )./012304043'56.'2728.107'90:;2;';?9.'04'  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-shaped image, a target, and the Jasper Johns painting, Target... and I've shamelessly constructed this image to mimic that painting. An homage to Jasper Johns, minus. !"#$%&'("')$*+&,')"-.*/'!"#$%&' #12; As I looked at the Jasper Johns painting, I thought it might

Graham, Nick

491

REVIEW OF PARTICLE PHYSICS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from Newtons law of gravitation. graviscalars, however,deviations from Newtons law of gravitation for distances R.from Newtons law of gravitation have been performed in

Beringer, Juerg

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

John Maynard Keynes: Newton, the Man The Royal Society of London planned an event to celebrate the tercentenary of Isaac Newton's birth in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

impressions into writing to be ready for Christmas Day 1942, the tercentenary of his birth. The war has to think on the lines of cold and untinctured reason. I do not see him in this light. I do not think, a posthumous child bom with no father on Christmas Day, 1642, was the last wonderchild to whom the Magi could

Millis, Andrew

493

The Spectroscopic-Assisted Investigation into Energy Migration through Disordered Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pshenichnikov, and Douwe Wiersma, System-Bath CorrelationPshenichnikov, and Douwe Wiersma, System-Bath CorrelationJasper Knoester, and Douwe Wiersma, Optical properties of

Colby, Kathryn Anne

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Multiresponse multilayer vadose zone model calibration using Markov chain Monte Carlo simulation and field water retention data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and field water retention data Thomas Wöhling1,2 and Jasper A. Vrugt3,4,5 Received 4 March 2010; revised 14

Vrugt, Jasper A.

495

P-Glycoprotein Structure and Chemotherapy Resistance  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

National Institutes of Health, Beckman Foundation, Skaggs Chemical Biology Foundation, Jasper L. and Jack Denton Wilson Foundation, Southwest Cancer and Treatment Center, and the...

496

Hydrologic data assimilation using particle Markov chain Monte Carlo simulation: Theory, concepts and applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and applications Jasper A. Vrugt a,b, , Cajo J.F. ter Braak c , Cees G.H. Diks d , Gerrit Schoups e a Department

Vrugt, Jasper A.

497

High-dimensional posterior exploration of hydrologic models using multiple-try DREAM(ZS) and high-performance computing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-performance computing Eric Laloy1 and Jasper A. Vrugt1,2 Received 26 February 2011; revised 7 October 2011; accepted 6

Vrugt, Jasper A.

498

Got 18 Minutes? Catch a TEDx talk on Wednesday, Sept. 24 | Jefferson...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CERN Animation - Cloudy climate change: How clouds affect earth's temperature by Jasper Kirkby Marcia Barbosa - studies water molecules to learn about everything -- from...

499

Combining multiobjective optimization and Bayesian model averaging to calibrate forecast ensembles of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of soil hydraulic models Thomas Wo¨hling1 and Jasper A. Vrugt2 Received 12 May 2008; revised 8 September

Vrugt, Jasper A.

500

labnews01-09-15.qxp_la02_02-20-04  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

reac- tions that take place during the combustion process, says Sandia's Ahren Jasper (8353), the paper's lead author. As they determine and understand the speeds and...