National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for newnan wtr sewer

  1. Newnan Wtr, Sewer & Light Comm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg, Oregon: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Water

  2. Laser profiling of sewer pipes Laser profiling of sewer pipes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langendoen, Koen

    Laser profiling of sewer pipes #12;#12;Laser profiling of sewer pipes Analysis of concrete egg shaped sewer pipes Walter van der Schoot for the degree of: Master of Science in Civil Engineering Date there is an extensive and well functioning sewer system. Over the years 111.000 kilometres of sewer pipes were

  3. ENVIRONMENT CANADA SEWER USE CONTROL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waste Investigator with Metro Seattle's Water Pollution Control Department and Messrs. B. LeClair, S#12;ENVIRONMENT CANADA SEWER USE CONTROL (FRASER RIVER BASIN & BURRARD INLET DRAINAGE BASIN information and answering questions regarding their respective sewer use control programs. Our appreciation

  4. Online Distance Recovery for a Sewer Inspection Robot Marina Kolesnik

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolesnik, Marina

    Online Distance Recovery for a Sewer Inspection Robot Marina Kolesnik Institute for Autonomous computation based on images taken in a sewer by a robot-inspector is presented. Modern concrete sewers provide regular marks on the sewer images and can be used for their 3-D interpretation. After each robot

  5. 3-D Interpretation of Sewer Circular Structures Marina Kolesnik,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolesnik, Marina

    3-D Interpretation of Sewer Circular Structures Marina Kolesnik, Institute for Autonomous interpretation of images taken in a sewer by a robot-inspector is presented. Modern sewers made of concrete sections. These pipe ends and joints provide regular marks on the sewer images and can be used for their 3

  6. Handbook: Sewer system infrastructure analysis and rehabilitation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-10-01

    The Handbook provides guidance on the evaluation and rehabilitation of existing sewers. It presents information on typical problems, procedures and methods for rehabilitation, case study information, budgetary costs, advantages and disadvantages of rehabilitation techniques, and application of these techniques and materials/equipment used in rehabilitation. It also guides the reader in understanding the importance of, and ways for, conducting the sewer system evaluation and identifying the rehabilitation procedure that best suits a particular problem.

  7. West Basin Municipal Water District, California; Water/Sewer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Exhibit D #12;Summary: West Basin Municipal Water District, California; Water/Sewer Primary Credi90023!! #12;Sttmma1·y: West Basin Municipal Water District, California; Water/Sewer Credit Profile US$16.STANDARDANDPOORS.COM/RATJNGSDJRECT MAY31 2013 2 I126639 I 301008236 #12;Summary: West Basin Municipal Water District, California; Water/Sewer

  8. Searching for Cosmic Dark Matter in the Sewers of Chicago

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collar, Juan I.

    Searching for Cosmic Dark Matter in the Sewers of Chicago Presenter: Juan Collar Time & Date: 7 for Cosmic Dark Matter in the Sewers of Chicago Presenter: Juan Collar Time & Date: 7-9 PM Monday September to catch particles that may or may not be there, to the exotic venues (including sewers, mines thousands

  9. Stormwater Runoff Treats Our Streams Like Sewers State of the Nation's River 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Deborah

    Stormwater Runoff Treats Our Streams Like Sewers State of the Nation's River 2008 POTOMAC. The result? Waterways that function more as sewers than as natural streams. For example, fecal coliform is the overflow from combined stormwater sewer systems. Altho

  10. How Shit Happens, or, How Audit Systems and Sewer States Lead to Tainted Beef

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunn, Elizabeth Cullen

    2011-01-01

    or, How Audit Systems and Sewer States Lead to Tainted Beefor, How Audit Systems and Sewer States Lead to Tainted Beefthe state claims is a sewer which could transmute excrement

  11. The Impact of Emerging Technologies: Proteins' Baby Pictures -Techno... http://www.technologyreview.com/BioTech-Genomics/wtr_16635,312,p... 1 of 2 3/30/2006 9:06 AM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Xiaoliang Sunney

    The Impact of Emerging Technologies: Proteins' Baby Pictures - Techno... http://www.technologyreview.com/BioTech-Genomics/wtr_16635,312,p... 1 of 2 3/30/2006 9:06 AM Tuesday, March 28, 2006 Proteins' Baby Pictures A technique and becomes immobile; since the protein is still, the researchers could take its picture. In a second set

  12. Guide to Laboratory Sink/Sewer Disposal of Wastes EPA Compliance Fact Sheet: Revision 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wikswo, John

    Guide to Laboratory Sink/Sewer Disposal of Wastes EPA Compliance Fact Sheet: Revision 1 Vanderbilt.safety.vanderbilt.edu Page 1 of 17 INTRODUCTION Vanderbilt University is required to comply with sewer disposal restrictions or limited from sink/sewer disposal. Wastes must NOT be intentionally diluted to comply with sink/sewer

  13. Visual orientation in the sewer adaptation to the environment Marina Kolesnik

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolesnik, Marina

    Visual orientation in the sewer ­ adaptation to the environment Marina Kolesnik Fraunhofer in an unusual environment ­ a sewer. The sewer environment exhibits two dominating features: restricted geometry the sewer geometry is taken into account, orientation of the robot can be derived from a visual analysis

  14. Sandia National Laboratories, California sewer system management plan.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Holland, Robert C.

    2010-02-01

    A Sewer System Management Plan (SSMP) is required by the State Water Resources Control Board (SWRCB) Order No. 2006-0003-DWQ Statewide General Waste Discharge Requirements (WDR) for Sanitary Sewer Systems (General Permit). DOE, National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Sandia Site Office has filed a Notice of Intent to be covered under this General Permit. The General Permit requires a proactive approach to reduce the number and frequency of sanitary sewer overflows (SSOs) within the State. SSMPs must include provisions to provide proper and efficient management, operation, and maintenance of sanitary sewer systems and must contain a spill response plan. Elements of this Plan are under development in accordance with the SWRCB's schedule.

  15. Water/Wastewater Engineering Report (Storm Sewer/Infiltration Sanitary Sewage Separation-M1 Model) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Z.; Brumbelow, K.; Haberl, J. S.

    2006-10-30

    In some cities, the municipal sewer system collects both storm water and sanitary sewage in the same pipes. During dry weather these sewers carry all the sanitary sewage to the wastewater treatment plant for treatment. However, when rainstorms...

  16. COMBINED SEWER OVERFLOW INVENTORY FOR THE FRASER RIVER BASIN AND BURRARD INLET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;I \\ COMBINED SEWER OVERFLOW INVENTORY FOR THE FRASER RIVER BASIN AND BURRARD INLET DOE FRAP ......................................... COMBINED SEWER OVERFLOWS IN STUDY AmEA ............... INVENTORY OF AVAILABLE CSO DATA and non- point effluent sources. Combined sewer overflow discharges represent point sources of pollution

  17. Visual Orientation and Motion Control of MAKRO Adaptation to the Sewer Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolesnik, Marina

    Visual Orientation and Motion Control of MAKRO ­ Adaptation to the Sewer Environment Marina control of MAKRO - an autonomous robot for sewer inspection - from the point of view of MAKRO's adaptation to specific features of the sewer environment. Two features are crucial for MAKRO's adaptation. First, narrow

  18. A Cavity-backed Slot Antenna with High Upper Hemisphere Efficiency for Sewer Sensor Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tentzeris, Manos

    A Cavity-backed Slot Antenna with High Upper Hemisphere Efficiency for Sewer Sensor Network of Technology Atlanta, GA Abstract--A wireless sewer sensor network has been widespread to monitor combined sewer overflow (CSO) causing human health and environmental hazards. To enable the wireless

  19. Puerto Rico Aqueduct and Sewer Authority General Consulting Services and Technical Support

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    Puerto Rico Aqueduct and Sewer Authority General Consulting Services and Technical Support permitting and environmental compliance related activities on behalf of the Puerto Rico Aqueduct and Sewer and Sewer Authority. Project Manager for two $400,000 Brownfields community-wide redevelopment projects

  20. PROHIBITION AGAINST THE DISPOSAL OF HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES TO THE SANITARY SEWER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knowles, David William

    PROHIBITION AGAINST THE DISPOSAL OF HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES TO THE SANITARY SEWER Please be aware put down our sinks and into the sewer. We need to be particularly careful of solvents and acids to the environment. · Pose a hazard to unsuspecting employees working within the sewer system. · Cause a violation

  1. Sewer rehabilitation. (Latest citations from the Selected Water Resources Abstracts database). Published Search

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-02-01

    The bibliography contains citations concerning the maintenance and rehabilitation of sewers. The citations discuss joint weatherization treatments, sewer grouts, and plastic sleeves for cover cracked pipes. Maintenance and rehabilitation programs in specific cities are also discussed. The citations also reference the economics of sewer repair. (Contains a minimum of 164 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

  2. Distributed Flow Control using Embedded Sensor-Actuator Networks for the Reduction of Combined Sewer Overflow (CSO) Events

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lemmon, Michael

    Sewer Overflow (CSO) Events Pu Wan, Michael D. Lemmon Abstract-- This paper studies the distributed the frequency of combined sewer overflow (CSO) events in city sewer systems. This is an important environmental microprocessor controlled sensors and actuators directly into the sewer network. These embedded processors

  3. Sanitary sewer rehabilitation at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vellinger, R. J.; Burton, R.; Fritschy, B.

    1995-04-01

    The objectives of this paper are the following: to present LLNL`s collection system and innovative approach to sanitary sewer rehabilitation; share issues identified and lessons learned from over four (4) years of rehabilitation work; and discuss proposed system standards for ongoing maintenance and repair activities.

  4. Flooding in urban drainage systems: Coupling hyperbolic conservation laws for sewer systems and surface flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borsche, Raul

    2014-01-01

    In this paper we propose a model for a sewer network coupled to surface flow and investigate it numerically. In particular, we present a new model for the manholes in storm sewer systems. It is derived using the balance of the total energy in the complete network. The resulting system of equations contains, aside from hyperbolic conservation laws for the sewer network and algebraic relations for the coupling conditions, a system of ODEs governing the flow in the manholes. The manholes provide natural points for the interaction of the sewer system and the run off on the urban surface modelled by shallow water equations. Finally, a numerical method for the coupled system is presented. In several numerical tests we study the influence of the manhole model on the sewer system and the coupling with 2D surface flow.

  5. EA-0907: Idaho National Engineering Laboratory Sewer System Upgrade Project, Idaho Falls, Idaho

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal to upgrade the Sewer System at the U.S. Department of Energy's Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) near Idaho Falls, Idaho.  The...

  6. Automating Layouts of Sewers in Subdivisions Neil Burch and Rob Holte and Martin Muller and David O'Connell and Jonathan Schaeffer 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holte, Robert

    Automating Layouts of Sewers in Subdivisions Neil Burch and Rob Holte and Martin M¨uller and David- sion is the design and layout of sewers underdeath the road. This is a challenging cost optimization (elevation), sewers (water, sanitary), and conduits (power, telephone). Finally, in the layout phase, all

  7. Use of iron salts to control dissolved sulfide in trunk sewers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Padival, N.A.; Kimbell, W.A. [County Sanitation District of Los Angeles County, Whittier, CA (United States); Redner, J.A. [County Sanitation District of Los Angeles County, Compton, CA (United States)

    1995-11-01

    Sewer headspace H{sub 2}S reduction by precipitating dissolved sulfide in wastewater was investigated using iron salt (FeCl{sub 3} and FeCl{sub 2}). Full-scale experiments were conducted in a 40-km (25 mi) sewer with an average flow of 8.7 m{sup 3}/s (200 mgd). Results were sensitive to total Fe dosages and Fe(III)/Fe(II) blend ratios injected. A concentration of 16 mg/L total Fe and a blend ratio of 1.9:1 [Fe(III):Fe(II)] reduced dissolved sulfide levels by 97%. Total sulfide and headspace H{sub 2}S were reduced by 63% and 79%, respectively. Liquid and gas-phase sulfide reductions were largely due to the effective precipitation of sulfide with Fe(III) and Fe(II) and the limited volatilization of H{sub 2}S, respectively. Oxidation of sulfide in the presence of Fe(II) and minute amounts of O{sub 2} may have occurred. A combination of Fe(III) and Fe(II) proved more effective than either salt alone. By using excess Fe(III), dissolved sulfide can be reduced to undetectable levels. No specific relation between the concentration of Fe or Fe(III)/Fe(II) blend ratio and sewer crown pH was inferred. Iron salts may retard crown corrosion rates by precipitating free sulfide and reducing its release to the sewer headspace as H{sub 2}S. A mechanism to inhibit certain responsible bacteria was not established in the 40-km (25 mi) sewer.

  8. Removal of nutrients from combined sewer overflows and lake water in a vertical-flow constructed wetland system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brix, Hans

    and human activities in the catch- ment of the lakes, the water quality is often poor and reduces. Combined sewer overflows occur during rain events when large amounts of rainwater are added to the normal

  9. A Phase I Archaeological Survey of the Proposed Austin's Estates Sanitary Sewer Line in Central Brazos County, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, William

    2015-06-15

    An archaeological survey of a 7000 foot sanitary sewer line in central Brazos County, Texas was conducted in August 2000 by Brazos Valley Research Associates of Bryan, Texas under Texas Antiquities Permit 2443. The area was investigated by shovel...

  10. An investigation of leaky sewers as a source of fecal contamination in the stormwater drainage system in Singapore

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doshi, Janhvi (Janhvi Manoj)

    2012-01-01

    A preliminary investigation was conducted into possible pathways for fecal contamination to enter stormwater drains from leaky underground sewer lines in Singapore. The island's drainage channels flow into catchment ...

  11. Evaluation of exposure pathways to man from disposal of radioactive materials into sanitary sewer systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kennedy, W.E. Jr.; Parkhurst, M.A.; Aaberg, R.L.; Rhoads, K.C.; Hill, R.L.; Martin, J.B.

    1992-05-01

    In accordance with 10 CFR 20, the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) regulates licensees` discharges of small quantities of radioactive materials into sanitary sewer systems. This generic study was initiated to examine the potential radiological hazard to the public resulting from exposure to radionuclides in sewage sludge during its treatment and disposal. Eleven scenarios were developed to characterize potential exposures to radioactive materials during sewer system operations and sewage sludge treatment and disposal activities and during the extended time frame following sewage sludge disposal. Two sets of deterministic dose calculations were performed; one to evaluate potential doses based on the radionuclides and quantities associated with documented case histories of sewer system contamination and a second, somewhat more conservative set, based on theoretical discharges at the maximum allowable levels for a more comprehensive list of 63 radionuclides. The results of the stochastic uncertainty and sensitivity analysis were also used to develop a collective dose estimate. The collective doses for the various radionuclides and scenarios range from 0.4 person-rem for {sup 137}Cs in Scenario No. 5 (sludge incinerator effluent) to 420 person-rem for {sup 137}Cs in Scenario No. 3 (sewage treatment plant liquid effluent). None of the 22 scenario/radionuclide combinations considered have collective doses greater than 1000 person-rem/yr. However, the total collective dose from these 22 combinations was found to be about 2100 person-rem.

  12. Remediation of Mercury-Contaminated Storm Sewer Sediments from the West End Mercury Area at the Y-12 National Security Complex in Oak Ridge, Tennessee - 12061

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tremaine, Diana [Science and Ecology Corporation, Knoxville, Tennessee, 37931 (United States); Douglas, Steven G. [B and W Y-12, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, 37831 (United States)

    2012-07-01

    The Y-12 National Security Complex in Oak Ridge, TN has faced an ongoing challenge from mercury entrapped in soils beneath and adjacent to buildings, storm sewers, and process pipelines. Previous actions to reduce the quantity and/or mobilization of mercury-contaminated media have included plugging of building floor drains, cleaning of sediment and sludge from sumps, manholes, drain lines, and storm sewers, lining/relining of storm sewers and replacement of a portion of the storm sewer trunk line, re-routing and removal of process piping, and installation of the Central Mercury Treatment System to capture and treat contaminated sump water. Despite the success of these actions, mercury flux in the storm sewer out-falls that discharge to Upper East Fork Poplar Creek (UEFPC) continues to pose a threat to long-term water quality. A video camera survey of the storm sewer network revealed several sections of storm sewer that had large cracks, separations, swells, and accumulations of sediment/sludge and debris. The selected remedy was to clean and line the sections of storm sewer pipe that were determined to be primary contributors to the mercury flux in the storm sewer out-falls. The project, referred to as the West End Mercury Area (WEMA) Storm Sewer Remediation Project, included cleaning sediment and debris from over 2,460 meters of storm sewer pipe followed by the installation of nearly 366 meters of cure-in-place pipe (CIPP) liner. One of the greatest challenges to the success of this project was the high cost of disposal associated with the mercury-contaminated sludge and wastewater generated from the storm sewer cleaning process. A contractor designed and operated an on-site wastewater pre-treatment system that successfully reduced mercury levels in 191 cubic meters of sludge to levels that allowed it to be disposed at Nevada Nuclear Security Site (NNSS) disposal cell as a non-hazardous, low-level waste. The system was also effective at pre-treating over 1,514,000 liters of wastewater to levels that met the waste acceptance criteria for the on-site West End [wastewater] Treatment Facility (WETF). This paper describes the storm sewer cleaning and lining process and the methods used to process the mercury-contaminated sludge and wastewater, as well as several 'lessons learned' that would be relevant to any future projects involving storm sewer cleaning and debris remediation. (authors)

  13. University of California, Irvine Environmental Health and Safety www.ehs.uci.edu Questions Call: (949) 824-6200 Version 2.0 Only substances that meet all of the following criteria are allowed down the sanitary sewer drain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mease, Kenneth D.

    the sanitary sewer drain: 1. Non-hazardous · No radioactive waste · No hazardous chemical waste · No untreated if a substance is allowed to go down the sanitary sewer drain at UCI. Material Common drain disposal questions Compounds · Other Chemicals Material Can it go down the sanitary sewer drain? Waste Management Biomedical

  14. Post-rehabilitation flow monitoring and analysis of the sanitary sewer system at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brandstetter, E.R.; Littlefield, D.C.; Villegas, M.

    1996-03-01

    Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) is operated by the University of California under contract with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The Livermore site, approximately 50 miles southeast of San Francisco, occupies 819 acres. So far, there have been three phases in an assessment and rehabilitation of the LLNL sanitary sewer system. A 1989 study that used data collected from December 1, 1988, to January 6, 1989, to determine the adequacy of the LLNL sewer system to accommodate present and future peak flows. A Sanitary Sewer Rehabilitation (SSR) project, from October of 1991 to March of 1996, in which the system was assessed and rehabilitated. The third study is the post-rehabilitation assessment study that is reported in this document. In this report, the sanitary sewer system is described, and the goals and results of the 1989 study and the SSR project are summarized. The goals of the post-rehabilitation study are given and the analytical procedures and simulation model are described. Results, conclusions, and recommendations for further work or study are given. Field operations are summarized in Appendix A. References are provided in Appendix B.

  15. Sulfate attack in sewer pipes: Derivation of a concrete corrosion model via two-scale convergence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fatima, Tasnim

    2010-01-01

    We explore the homogenization limit and rigorously derive upscaled equations for a microscopic reaction-diffusion system modeling sulfate corrosion in sewer pipes made of concrete. The system, defined in a periodically-perforated domain, is semi-linear, partially dissipative and weakly coupled via a non-linear ordinary differential equation posed on the solid-water interface at the pore level. Firstly, we show the well-posedness of the microscopic model. We then apply homogenization techniques based on two-scale convergence for an uniformly periodic domain and derive upscaled equations together with explicit formulae for the effective diffusion coefficients and reaction constants. We use a boundary unfolding method to pass to the homogenization limit in the non-linear ordinary differential equation. Finally, besides giving its strong formulation, we also prove that the upscaled two-scale model admits a unique solution.

  16. Development of a glass polymer composite sewer pipe from waste glass. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rayfiel, R.; Kukacka, L.E.

    1980-02-01

    A range of polymer-aggregate composites for applications in industry which appear to be economically attractive and contribute to energy conservation were developed at BNL. Waste glass is the aggregate in one such material, which is called glass-polymer-composite (GPC). This report assays the economics and durability of GPC in piping for storm drains and sewers. The properties of the pipe are compared statistically with the requirements of industrial specifications. These establish the raw materials requirements. The capital and operating costs for producing pipe are then estimated. Using published sales values for competing materials, the return on investment is calculated for two cases. The ultimate energy requirement of the raw materials in GPC is compared with the corresponding requirement for vitrified clay pipe. The strengths of GPC, reinforced concrete, vitrified clay and asbestos cement pipe are compared after extended exposure to various media. The status of process and product development is reviewed and recommendations are made for future work.

  17. A Phase I Archaeological Survey of a Proposed Sewer Line and Lift Station for the Tradition Golf and Country Club at University Ranch in Central Brazos County, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, William

    2015-06-15

    An archaeological survey of a sewer line and lift station (approximately 211 acres) in central Brazos County, Texas was conducted in November 2000 and February 2001 by Brazos Valley Research Associates of Bryan, Texas under Texas Antiquities Permit...

  18. Remaining Sites Verification Package for the 100-F-26:10, 1607-F3 Sanitary Sewer Pipelines (182-F, 183-F, and 151-F Sanitary Sewer Lines), Waste Site Reclassification Form 2007-028

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    L. M. Dittmer

    2007-12-03

    The 100-F-26:10 waste site includes sanitary sewer lines that serviced the former 182-F, 183-F, and 151-F Buildings. In accordance with this evaluation, the verification sampling results support a reclassification of this site to Interim Closed Out. The results of verification sampling show that residual contaminant concentrations do not preclude any future uses and allow for unrestricted use of shallow zone soils. The results also demonstrate that residual contaminant concentrations are protective of groundwater and the Columbia River.

  19. Remaining Sites Verification Package for the 1607-F1 Sanitary Sewer System (124-F-1) and the 100-F-26:8 (1607-F1) Sanitary Sewer Pipelines Waste Sites, Waste Site Reclassification Form 2004-130

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    L. M. Dittmer

    2008-03-14

    The 1607-F1 Sanitary Sewer System (124-F-1), consisted of a septic tank, drain field, and associated pipelines that received sanitary waste water from the 1701-F Gatehouse, 1709-F Fire Station, and the 1720-F Administrative Office via the 100-F-26:8 pipelines. The septic tank required remedial action based on confirmatory sampling. In accordance with this evaluation, the verification sampling results support a reclassification of this site to Interim Closed Out. The results of verification sampling show that residual contaminant concentrations do not preclude any future uses and allow for unrestricted use of shallow zone soils. The results also demonstrate that residual contaminant concentrations are protective of groundwater and the Columbia River.

  20. Macroscopic corrosion front computations of sulfate attack in sewer pipes based on a micro-macro reaction-diffusion model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chalupecký, Vladimír; Kruschwitz, Jens; Muntean, Adrian

    2012-01-01

    We consider a two-scale reaction diffusion system able to capture the corrosion of concrete with sulfates. Our aim here is to define and compute two macroscopic corrosion indicators: typical pH drop and gypsum profiles. Mathematically, the system is coupled, endowed with micro-macro transmission conditions, and posed on two different spatially-separated scales: one microscopic (pore scale) and one macroscopic (sewer pipe scale). We use a logarithmic expression to compute values of pH from the volume averaged concentration of sulfuric acid which is obtained by resolving numerically the two-scale system (microscopic equations with direct feedback with the macroscopic diffusion of one of the reactants). Furthermore, we also evaluate the content of the main sulfatation reaction (corrosion) product---the gypsum---and point out numerically a persistent kink in gypsum's concentration profile. Finally, we illustrate numerically the position of the free boundary separating corroded from not-yet-corroded regions.

  1. Fitzgerald Wtr Lgt & Bond Comm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEnia SpA JumpGmbHFerrisFillmoreChoiceGeneration

  2. Virgin Islands Wtr&Pwr Auth | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (Utility Company)Idaho) JumpWinside, Nebraska (UtilityVipiemme

  3. Remaining Sites Verification Package for the 100-C-9:2 Sanitary Sewer Pipelines, Waste Site Reclassification Form 2004-013

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    L. M. Dittmer

    2007-07-11

    The 100-C-9:2 sanitary sewer pipelines include the feeder pipelines associated with the 1607-B8, the 1607-B9, the 1607-B10 and the 1607-B11 septic systems. Contaminated soil and piping from the feeder lines to the septic systems were removed and disposed of. The remaining soil in the excavations has been shown to meet the remedial action objectives specified in the Remaining Sites ROD. The results of verification sampling show that residual contaminant concentrations do not preclude any future uses and allow for unrestricted use of shallow zone soils. The results also demonstrate that residual contaminant concentrations are protective of groundwater and the Columbia River.

  4. Other Participants 1992 | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    , Lubbock , TX Lyons Township High School , La Grange , IL Mississippi School for Math & Science, Columbus , MS Newnan High School , Newnan , GA Pembroke Hill High School ,...

  5. Office of Environment, Health and Safety (EH&S) -Sanitary Sewer Overflow Incident Form (rev. 12/2014) STEP 1 Immediately call EH&S at (510) 642-3073 with the following details of the incident

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yaghi, Omar M.

    Office of Environment, Health and Safety (EH&S) - Sanitary Sewer Overflow Incident Form (rev. 12 a drainage channel that flows to a surface water body gallons Estimated spill volume recovered from a drainage channel that flows to a surface water body gallons Estimated spill volume discharged directly

  6. Remaining Sites Verification Package for the 100-F-26:12, 1.8-m (72-in.) Main Process Sewer Pipeline, Waste Site Reclassification Form 2007-034

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. M. Capron

    2008-04-29

    The 100-F-26:12 waste site was an approximately 308-m-long, 1.8-m-diameter east-west-trending reinforced concrete pipe that joined the North Process Sewer Pipelines (100-F-26:1) and the South Process Pipelines (100-F-26:4) with the 1.8-m reactor cooling water effluent pipeline (100-F-19). In accordance with this evaluation, the verification sampling results support a reclassification of this site to Interim Closed Out. The results of verification sampling show that residual contaminant concentrations do not preclude any future uses and allow for unrestricted use of shallow zone soils. The results also demonstrate that residual contaminant concentrations are protective of groundwater and the Columbia River.

  7. Remaining Sites Verification Package for the 1607-B2 Septic System and 100-B-14:2 Sanitary Sewer System, Waste Site Reclassification Form 2004-006

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    L. M. Dittmer

    2007-03-21

    The 100-B-14:2 subsite encompasses the former sanitary sewer feeder lines associated with the 1607-B2 and 1607-B7 septic systems. Feeder lines associated with the 185/190-B building have also been identified as the 100-B-14:8 subsite, and feeder lines associated with the 1607-B7 septic system have also been identified as the 100-B-14:9 subsite. These two subsites have been administratively cancelled to resolve the redundancy. The results of verification sampling show that residual contaminant concentrations do not preclude any future uses and allow for unrestricted use of shallow zone soils. The results also demonstrate that residual contaminant concentrations are protective of groundwater and the Columbia River.

  8. Mobile sensor network to monitor wastewater collection pipelines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Jungsoo

    2012-01-01

    In-sewer processes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Sewer functionalin sewers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  9. Sewer Line Planning: Choosing Optimal Routings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gross, Louis J.

    . Several different criteria such as maximization of the return to KUB, maximization of the fraction. This cost covers both the cost of materials and excavation. 7. Example: for 20 houses, and 4 do not want of like the Communist Party in the old Soviet Union). After the pipes are laid, all new income is revenue

  10. R E S E A R C H L E T T E R Comparison of ve rep-PCR genomic ngerprinting methodsfor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mazumder, Asit

    (agricultural runoff, sanitary sewer overflows, leaky sewers, failing septic systems, storm sewer drainage

  11. A study of the effect of sewer air on concrete 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ortolani, Walter Albert

    1929-01-01

    boatorsa ~ pzinoiyolxss;n eassneetLon oiLh the?kceebkoiccy or online hoo 4cnsonotaccto4 tSnL eeitntn onaeiobi? boolean kn tho Snsooonoe of ops";ease cnsbotoneoo go4naa ew4fatoa to ecLLFLdoee Sea'a en4 ygahanon ~bgccto4 so' hnsteyioioaieol teoto tho... ayyroeiatioa to the Qgse ator Ceaoat Ooeyogy et Mine, through whoeo gonerooktg thto worik ma aode yew4Ma? te Sr? 4? 4? 1@ehoiy'+ 5a ~ y? jl Olaeeehe, ead Pr? 5? 5? Ieere tor their ooaietoaee oad ertt Leioa? ln thto otal lt w'~e ~ ttn4 oe detesa4ne hg...

  12. General Permit for Small Municipal Separate Storm Sewer Systems | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky: EnergyGateway EditOpen Energy Information 50%Order

  13. EM, County Install Sewer Line for Development | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-inPPL EnergyPlus, LLCConfidentiality Agreement3,River | Department|Pike

  14. Fermilab | Tritium at Fermilab | Tritium in Sanitary Sewers

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFES OctoberEvan Racah861MayArtQuestions forFeature

  15. Site Environmental Report for 2005 Volume I and Volume II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruggieri, Michael

    2006-01-01

    Sewer ..stack air and sanitary sewer water) from research activitiesparameters in sanitary sewer discharges were well within

  16. Site Environmental Report for 2007 Volume I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lackner, Regina E.

    2008-01-01

    Sewer .occurrences when wastewater from the sanitary sewer systemoverflowed from sewer manholes. One was in the Building 75

  17. Site Environmental Report for 2009, Volume 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Suying

    2010-01-01

    Sewer .Rainwater Creeks Stormwater Sewer Fixed Treatment Units Soiloff Panoramic Way Hearst sewer station Blank filter from

  18. Kentucky Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and the Metropolitan Sewer District funded activities addressing Beargrass Creek Combined Sewer Overflows in Louisville

  19. (Created 6/03; Revised 9/07) UNL Environmental Health and Safety (402) 472-4925 http://ehs.unl.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsymbal, Evgeny Y.

    sewer (but only if the sanitary sewer discharges to a Publicly Owned Treatment Works). Interior building

  20. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Preliminary Survey and Alignment Work Package

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of elevation, infrastructure at ground surface (e.g. storm sewer, sanitary sewer, culverts, and electrical

  1. An Archaeological Survey for the Shelby County Sewer Service and Water Supply Corporation Sewer Plant and Collection System Project in Shelby County Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, William; Baxter, William

    2015-07-30

    in the Area of Potential Effect (APE), and no sites had been recorded. This survey was conducted by Brazos Valley Research Associates (BVRA) on May 27, 2010 under Antiquities Permit 5638. The Principal Investigator was William E. Moore, and the Project...

  2. Acceptance and operability test report for the 327 building retention process sewer diverter station

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olander, A.R.

    1996-09-04

    This test report includes the results of acceptance and operability testing of the 327 building diverter station. The test included steps for flushing, calibrating, and operating the system on backup power.

  3. Acceptance {ampersand} operability test report for the 324 building retention process sewer diverter station

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olander, A.R.

    1996-09-04

    This test report includes the results of acceptance and operability testing of the 324 building diverter station. The test included steps for flushing, calibrating, and operating the system on backup power.

  4. Evaluation of sewer leakage into the stormwater drainage system in Singapore

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diagne, Ndeye Awa

    2013-01-01

    Singapore's Public Utilities Board (PUB) aspires to bring Singaporeans closer to their water bodies through recreational activities so that they may cherish them and be more conscious of water scarcity. However, there have ...

  5. Santa Clara Water & Sewer - Solar Water Heating Program | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURINGEnergy BillsNo. 195 -RobSSL INDepartment of Energy San10 DOEDistrictEnergy

  6. A Systems Framework for Assessing Plumbing Products-Related Water Conservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Alison

    2012-01-01

    use, and plumbing and sewer infrastructure, in addition towater, energy, and plumbing/sewer infrastructure. Thisof the drainage and sewer system, and the sustainability of

  7. Assessing the Feasibility of Creek Daylighting in San Francisco, Part I: A Synthesis of Lessons Learned from Existing Urban Daylighting Projects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Brooke Ray

    2007-01-01

    Utilities Commission Sewer System Master Plan, September 12,and Diversion. SF PUC Sewer Master Plan Project Memorandum2006. Technical Memorandum: Sewer Separation. Written for

  8. Marginalized Monitoring: Adaptively Managing Urban Stormwater

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scanlan, Melissa K; Tai, Stephanie

    2013-01-01

    a municipal separate storm sewer system as a conveyance orbody, excluding combined sewers or public treatment works.Municipal Separate Storm Sewer Systems , E NVTL . P ROT . A

  9. Assessing the Feasibility of Creek Daylighting in San Francisco, Part II: A Preliminary Analysis of Yosemite Creek

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Brooke Ray

    2007-01-01

    Written for the SF PUC Sewer System Master Plan, City andand Diversion. SF PUC Sewer Master Plan Project Memorandum2006. Technical Memorandum: Sewer Separation. Written for

  10. Term project for Landscape Architecture 222, Prof. G. Mathias Kondolf, University of California, Berkeley, Spring 2009. Hard copy available at the Water Resources Center Archives, UC Berkeley.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diamond, Hayley; Gaffney, Andrea

    2009-01-01

    City of Philadelphia, Combined Sewer Overflow Program.combined sanitary/storm sewer system? Schools in Sancombined sanitary storm sewer system has aged to a point of

  11. Site Environmental Report for 2007 Volume II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lackner, Regina E

    2008-01-01

    Sewer .Air Rainwater Creeks Stormwater Sewer Fixed Treatment UnitsB13C Field Blank Hearst Sewer Lot Blank N. Fork Strawberry

  12. 2006 Long Range Development Plan Final Environmental Impact Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Philliber, Jeff

    2007-01-01

    1 Existing Sanitary Sewer Lines at LBNL V-1a Alternativeto improve water, natural gas, electrical, sanitary sewer,storm sewer, and compressed air utility infrastructure.

  13. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1996 Site Environmental Report Vol. I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01

    4. Space Distribution Sanitary Sewer System 2-6. Stormwater1996). Chapter 7-Sanitary Sewer East Bay Municipal UtilityWater Supply Sanitary Sewer Systems Storm Drainage System

  14. Site Environmental Report for 2008, Volume II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lackner, Regina

    2009-01-01

    Sewer .Rainwater Creeks Stormwater Sewer Fixed Treatment Units SoilB13C Field Blank Hearst Sewer Lot Blank N. Fork Strawberry

  15. Site Environmental Report for 2012, Volumes 1 & 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pauer, Ron

    2013-01-01

    4-7 Figure 4-3 Sanitary Sewer System (MainSewer .to stack air and sanitary sewer water 3. Concentrations of

  16. Islais Creek reinterpreted: An exploration of restoration designs in the urbanized context of San Francisco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Griffith, Lucas A

    2006-01-01

    Creek: From Stream to Sewer". 2006. narrative on waterbackbone to a combined sewer system located underground inThis submerged combined sewer system persists today as

  17. A Living Mediterranean River: Restoration and Management of the Rio Real in Portugal to Achieve Good Ecological Condition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Natali, Jennifer; Kondolf, G. Mathias; Landeiro, Clara; Christian-Smith, Juliet; Grantham, Ted

    2009-01-01

    connected to water supply and sewer systems, but only 14% ofthe artificial inputs from sewer outfalls keep river bedsand flow towards streams. SEWER PIPES LANDFILL ROADS SEPTIC

  18. Under the Boardwalk – Case History – St. John’s Sideroad at the McKenzie Wetland, Aurora, Ontario, Canada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buchanan, Ian D.

    2007-01-01

    with curb and gutter, storm sewers, sidewalks on both sidesHolland Sanitary Trunk Sewer using a tunnel boring machineservices. Sanitary Trunk Sewer An existing 1050 mm diameter

  19. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1996 Site Environmental Report Vol. I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01

    Water Supply Sanitary Sewer Systems Storm Drainage Systemstorm. The drainage facilities in this Sanitary Sewer SystemDistribution Sanitary Sewer System 2-6. Stormwater Drainage

  20. ANNUAL ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING REPORT OF THE LAWRENCE BERKELEY LABORATORY 1979

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schleimer Editor, Gary E.

    2010-01-01

    pollutants; however, sewer sampling is carried out for heavyTable 10 summarizes the sewer sampling data for heavyyCi Total, B - y mCi Hearst Sewer Strawberry Sewer Total B.

  1. Geography 547: Fluvial Geomorphology Initial Reading List, Fall, 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James, L. Allan

    Storm sewer Systems (MS4s). http://water.epa.gov/polwaste/npdes/stormwater/Municipal-Separate-Storm-Sewer

  2. Sharps Research lab/clinic Solids Liquids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, Greg

    with proper contact time, down sanitary sewer Autoclaved and disposed down the sanitary sewer NO YES Apply

  3. Networked CryptographicDevices Resilient to Capture (Extended Abstract)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Ruby B.

    , in that the device's private key operations are peformed using a simple interaction with a remote sewer: This sewer

  4. Why Democracy Is Public: The American Dream Beats the Nightmare

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lakoff, George

    2011-01-01

    dams, sewers, and a power grid, agencies to monitor disease,mains, sewers, and the power grid; public agencies that

  5. An Archaeological Survey for the City of Montgomery 1097 Sewer Plant Relocation Project in Montgomery County Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, William; Baxter, Edward

    2015-07-28

    An archaeological survey was conducted at an eight acre site in Montgomery County, Texas by Brazos Valley Research Associates (BVRA) on August 10, 2006 for LEFCO Environmental Technology, Inc. (LEFCO). The area was investigated through shovel...

  6. CSOnet: A Metropolitan Scale Wireless Sensor-Actuator Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lemmon, Michael

    that monitors and controls the frequency of combined sewer overflow (CSO) events in city sewer systems. CSO and Purdue University) agen- cies. The WSAN is being built to control the frequency of combined-sewer is described in section V. II. COMBINED-SEWER OVERFLOW PROBLEM More than 700 cities in the U.S. have sewer

  7. Mike Rotkin on the Rise and Fall of Community Studies at UCSC, 1969-2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rotkin, Mike; Rabkin, Sarah Juniper; Regional History Project, UCSC Library

    2013-01-01

    t know,” I said, “How about a sewer system? ” They go, “Ah,ll kill us! If you ask for a sewer system, they’ll literallytheir part of town they had no sewers, no paved streets, no

  8. Water and Waste Water Tariffs for New Residential Construction in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisher, Diane; Lutz, James

    2006-01-01

    waste water released to the sewer. In order to calculate theCity of Loma Linda, Water/Sewer City of Los Angeles, BureauCity of Riverbank, Water and Sewer City of Riverside, Public

  9. ANNUAL ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING REPORT OF THE LAWRENCE BERKELEY LABORATORY, 1977

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Authors, Various

    2011-01-01

    Quantities Discharged Total Volume 10" Liters , Hearst SewerStrawberry Sewer TOTAL Net Concentrations Total a uCi ftfLaboratory. Trends in sanitary sewer monitoring data are,

  10. Distrbuted Sensing Systems for Water Quality Assesment and Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01

    system require service? Has a sewer reached capacity duringManagement of Combined Sewer Overflows 1. Sensors andQuality 4.4 Combined Sewer Overflows 5. Recommendations for

  11. Modeling Suburban and Rural-Residential Development Beyond the Urban Fringe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newburn, David A.; Berck, Peter

    2006-01-01

    1 kilometer ring around the sewer and water service areas (SWSA) boundaries. FIGURE 2: Sewer and Water Service Area1 kilometer ring around the sewer and water service areas (

  12. Planning for Climate Change in Low-Impact Development Projects: A Case Study of the Sunset Swales Parking Lot Retrofit in San Francisco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Conrad, Esther

    2011-01-01

    in municipal separate sewer systems (MS4). This paper uses aEPA, 2007). In combined sewer areas, LID strategies can belocalized flooding and combined sewer overflows (CSOs), and

  13. Louis F. Fackler: Founding Campus Engineer, UC Sant Cruz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fackler, Louis F.; Reti, Irene; UCSC Library, Regional History Project, UC Santa Cruz

    2013-01-01

    too. Fackler: Okay. So sewer was in. Now, Bill Fieberlingyou know. He wanted the sewer right down at the corner ofto go into Bay. I wanted my sewer to go that way. (laughs)

  14. Rainwater Harvesting in San Francisco Schools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bintliff, Jacob M.

    2011-01-01

    of American cities to rely on a combined sewer system.In a combined sewer system, both stormwater and householdpipe network. 3 A Combined Sewer Overflow (CSO) refers to

  15. National and Regional Water and Wastewater Rates For Use in Cost-Benefit Models and Evaluations of Water Efficiency Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisher, Diane C.; Whitehead, Camilla Dunham; Melody, Moya

    2008-01-01

    released to the sanitary sewer. The volume charge may bethat is released to the sewer. For data from utilities thata utility applies a nominal sewer charge of $2.67 per kilo-

  16. Detailed ads & listings Apartment locator map

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tullos, Desiree

    -- 12-month Deposits: $300 refundable deposit Utilities Included: Water, sewer, garbage Restrictions Deposits: $300 refundable deposit Utilities Included: Water, sewer, garbage Restrictions: No pets Security Deposit after you move in.) Utilities Included: Water, sewer and garbage. Restrictions: No pets

  17. ANNUAL ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING REPORT OF THE LAWRENCE BERKELEY LABORATORY 1978

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schleimer Ed, Gary E.

    2010-01-01

    Volume 10 Liters Total au Ci Total g - y mCi Hearst Sewer *Strawberry Sewer TOTAL Net Concentrations _q Concentration,as shown in the table. Sewer Sampling Table 9 summarizes the

  18. From the Ground Up: UCSC Professor Gary Griggs as Researcher, Teacher, and Institution Builder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Griggs, Gary; Rabkin, Sarah

    2012-01-01

    problems with it. There was no sewer. There was a big septicin space. Actually, there was a sewer line down here that’sthat the Pleasure Point sewer outfall was 200 feet offshore

  19. CAMPUS MASTER PLAN CLEMSON UNIVERSITY 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stuart, Steven J.

    AND SANITARY SEWER SYSTEM IMPROVEMENTS Several areas on campus require improvements, which could require due to the age of the existing sanitary sewer pipes. The sewer pipes are old, vitrified clay lines

  20. ANNUAL ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING REPORT OF THE LAWRENCE BERKELEY LABORATORY 1980

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schleimer Editor, G.E.

    2010-01-01

    creek water, and sewage from LBL's two sewer outfalls (Fig.1 - the Strawberry sanitary sewer is the southern s ie ; Hearst is the western sewer) are analyzed for gross beta

  1. Kentucky Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Public Outreach Program. The Metropolitan Sewer District funded activities addressing Beargrass Creek combined sewer overflows in the Louisville area. The Kentucky Department for Environmental Protection also

  2. Kentucky Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Public Outreach Program. The Metropolitan Sewer District funded activities addressing Beargrass Creek combined sewer overflows in Louisville. The Kentucky Department for Environmental Protection also supported

  3. Monitoring channel change at the Sausal Creek Restoration Project, Oakland, California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grantham, Ted; Tollefson, Kate

    2006-01-01

    perimeter of the clearing. A sewer manhole (56-000-63) istrail past Cross Section G. A sewer manhole (56-000- 65) is

  4. The Loma Prieta Earthquake of October 17, 1989, A UCSC Student Oral History Documentary Projec

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reti, Irene; Regional History Project, UCSC Library

    2006-01-01

    over to it and it was like sewer coming up. It was gross. Ibroken water mains, broken sewer lines. Who knows what was

  5. John C. Daly: A Life of Public Service in a Changing Santa Cruz, 1953-2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daly, John C.; Vanderscoff, Cameron

    2013-01-01

    the water system and the sewer system, et cetera. Becauseof negotiations going on as to sewer and water. And a lot of

  6. Economics and LID Practices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . COMBINED SEWER OVERFLOW Onalargerscale,communitiesarefacedwith the challenges of managing their combined sewer overflows to reduce the discharge of untreated sewage into waterways. These large often outdated

  7. lt\\ ....I, 2W3 &W\\U1U', Ll1K-1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langston, Nancy

    contraceptives, they reasoned, might not be completely breaking down in the women's bod- ies or in the sewer or sewer systems into the wat

  8. THE UNIVERSITY OF MANCHESTER FLUID MECHANICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lionheart, Bill

    down a long sewer to its exit in the ocean. The sewer is of slowly varying cross section, is of length L and is inclined at a small angle to the horizontal. At the sewer's outlet the area is uniform across each cross-section of the sewer.] [9 marks] A5. An incompressible, irrotational flow has

  9. Regulation No. Department of the Army

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    authorities and storm sewer systems to be accomplished by local interests. 2. Applicability. This regulation waters due to severe storms. c. "Storm sewer systems" are the facilities in urban areas designed, sewers and sewer appurtenances, on-site storage and detention basins, curbs and gutters, and other small

  10. For more information please contact the NOAA Center of Excellence for Great Lakes and Human Health at (734) 741-2283 or www.glerl.noaa.gov/res/Centers/HumanHealth.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    indicate the presence of other disease-causing bacteria. Illegal sewer connections to storm sewers into lakes. Sanitary sewer overflows (SSOs) release raw sewage directly into lakes, rivers, and streams. Combined sewer overflows following wet-weather events can discharge sewage into surface water because storm

  11. (Created 2/08) UNL Environmental Health and Safety (402) 472-4925 http://ehs.unl.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsymbal, Evgeny Y.

    Operating Procedure (Revised 8/14) RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL SEWER DISPOSAL the sanitary sewer. Disposal via this method is restricted to sanitary sewers that are connected to a Public supplements the EHS Safe Operating Procedure (SOP), Sewer Disposal List, where all conditions of that SOP

  12. From: Gubin, Michelle Subject: Facilities Operations Update -September 7th to September 13th

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grant, Gregory

    Sewer District's (MSD) project to upgrade the storm sewer in Duncan Avenue will require the closure delays. Duncan has been a utility highway for more than a century. It is packed with old and new sewer water sewer has posed numerous challenges. The red circle on the map below is the area mentioned

  13. Summary of Activities at the ST. LOUIS DOWNTOWN SITE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    Salt South PSC Metals Inc. St. Louis Metropolitan Sewer District Lift Station Midtown Garage Hjersted

  14. City Of Milford Pump Optimization Project Yields $96,000 Net Present Value

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2010-06-25

    Energy management led to the improvement of Mildford City's sewer stations, saving energy and resources.

  15. Remaining Sites Verification Package for the 1607-B2 Septic System and 100-B-14:2 Sanitary Sewer System, Waste Site Reclassification Form 2006-055

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    L. M. Dittmer

    2007-03-21

    The 1607-B2 waste site is a former septic system associated with various 100-B facilities, including the 105-B, 108-B, 115-B/C, and 185/190-B buildings. The site was evaluated based on confirmatory results for feeder lines within the 100-B-14:2 subsite and determined to require remediation. The 1607-B2 waste site has been remediated to achieve the remedial action objectives specified in the Remaining Sites ROD. The results of verification sampling show that residual contaminant concentrations do not preclude any future uses and allow for unrestricted use of shallow zone soils. The results also demonstrate that residual contaminant concentrations are protective of groundwater and the Columbia River.

  16. Science and A Development of Halcyon, LLC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    / Telecommunication Sanitary Sewer Water Storm Water Natural Gas View from Southwest View from Northwest 250 1,000 NorthFeet 5000 1 ORNL Sanitary Sewer Treatment Plant Bethel Valley Road The Oak Ridge Science

  17. D.C. Water Resources Research Center Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - DC Water and Sewer Authority (WASA) The Institutes received favorable responses from and met with the following new Advisory Board members: 1- Mr. Richard Gianni, Water Quality Manager, DC Water and Sewer

  18. EFFLUENT DISPERSION IN THE FRASER RIVER FROM THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;EFFLUENT DISPERSION IN THE FRASER RIVER FROM THE GLENBROOK COMBINED SEWER OVERFLOW AT NEW A wastewater plume delineation study for the Glenbrook combined sewer overflow was conducted in February 1995

  19. Annual Site Environmental Data Compiled by S. D. Thompson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennycook, Steve

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-31 Y-12 Plant 2.1 Y-12 Plant Discharge Point SS6, Sanitary Sewer Station 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-32 2.2 Y-12 Plant Discharge Point SS6, Sanitary Sewer Station 6

  20. habitat (Native) 18 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James R. Manhart

    2011-08-10

    Shelby County Sewer Service and Water Supply Corporation proposes to install a waste water treatment plant and a series of sewer lines in central Shelby County, Texas. No previous investigations by professional archaeologists have been conducted...

  1. CS 70 SPRING 2007 ---DISCUSSION #12 ALEX FABRIKANT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fabrikant, Alex

    is imprisoned in a cell from which there are three possible ways to escape: an air­conditioning duct, a sewer he falls through a trap door onto his head, much to the amusement of his captors. The sewer pipe

  2. CS 70 SPRING 2007 ---DISCUSSION #13 ALEX FABRIKANT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fabrikant, Alex

    possible ways to escape: an air­conditioning duct, a sewer pipe and the door (which is unlocked). The air to the amusement of his captors. The sewer pipe is similar but takes five hours to traverse. Each fall produces

  3. CS 70 SPRING 2007 --DISCUSSION #12 ALEX FABRIKANT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fabrikant, Alex

    is imprisoned in a cell from which there are three possible ways to escape: an air-conditioning duct, a sewer he falls through a trap door onto his head, much to the amusement of his captors. The sewer pipe

  4. Sensors 2009, 9, 2647-2660; doi:10.3390/s90402647 ISSN 1424-8220

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for meteorological stations. Keywords: Urban heat island, green roofs, combined sewer overflows, energy balance, buildings and rooftops, hits the municipal sewer system with which it is typically combined, but which has

  5. 6RXWK%D\\)DLUILHOG6XLVXQ7UDFH2UJDQLF &RQWDPLQDQWVLQ(IIOXHQW6WXG\\

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    98-053 Provision 12 Palo Alto Regional WQCP Order 98-054 Provision 3 Fairfield-Suisun Sewer District sampled on four occasions. The Fairfield-Suisun Sewer District also participated in this study

  6. Mobile sensor network to monitor wastewater collection pipelines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Jungsoo

    2012-01-01

    SewerSnort gas sensor board evaluation . . . . . . . . .8.1 SewerSnort gas sensor board evaluation In our previousFigure 8.6: Gas sensor board evaluation scenario and

  7. Near-term Milestones for Implementation Strategies Attachment A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    / Meadowmere Sewer Project a. Under construction b. To be completed in 2009 5. Jewel Streets Storm and Sanitary to be completed in 2010 3. Laurelton High Level Storm Sewers a. Drainage Plan to be completed by Jan 2008 b. Cost

  8. USF Graduate Catalog 20142015 607www.patel.usf.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    Energy (SUSE) Sustainable Tourism (SUT) Water (WTR) #12;USF Graduate Catalog 20142015 with a Concentration in Water Green denotes Program (or Major) Black denotes degree #12;USF Graduate Catalog 20142015USF Graduate Catalog 20142015 607www.patel.usf.edu SECTION 17 CCOOLLLLEEGGEE OOFF

  9. The Molecular Group (TMG) --Environmental, Engineering, Consulting

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Storage Tanks (USTs) Storm Water Permitting & Compliance Wastewater Treatment Sewer Solid Waste Landfills Hazardous & Universal Waste ENGINEERING SERVICES TMG's...

  10. Mobile sensor network to monitor wastewater collection pipelines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Jungsoo

    2012-01-01

    Advanced pipeline monitoringDesign of mobile pipeline floating sensor “SewerSnortIllustration of mobile pipeline floating sensor monitoring

  11. Cadastral Map Use in Uganda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bwanika, Daniel

    2015-01-01

    of infrastructure and utility planning like; sewer lines,that infrastructure and utility planning should proceed land

  12. Copy right: Must ask the author to use this template

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    District of Columbia, University of the

    their interaction in various ways, urban wastewater system sewer, wastewater treatment plant and the receiving water system components: sewer, wastewater treatment plant and river. MATERIALS AND METHODS Tolessa Deksissa. Vanrolleghem, 2004. Model connectors for integrated simulations of urban wastewater systems. In: Sewer Networks

  13. Machine Vision and Applications manuscript No. (will be inserted by the editor)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brandt, Sami

    S. Brandt · Janne Heikkil¨a Measuring and Modelling Sewer Pipes from Video Received: date / Accepted: date Abstract This article presents a system for the automatic measurement and modelling of sewer pipes. The system recovers the interior shape of a sewer pipe from a video sequence which is acquired by a fish

  14. Safe Operating Procedure (Revised 3/11)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsymbal, Evgeny Y.

    is to the sanitary sewer. · Installation of fountains, swimming pools and spas, a discharge permit will be required from NDEQ unless discharge is to the sanitary sewer. · Installation of an open loop geothermal heat is to the sanitary sewer. Air Quality Considerations · If the project involves the installation or moving

  15. DRAIN DISPOSAL Procedure: 8.02 Created: 12/27/2012 Version: 1.4 Revised: 5/5/2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jia, Songtao

    for appropriate waste water discharge into sanitary sewer systems. 3. NYSDEC: The New York State Department, corrosive, reactive, or flammable into any sanitary sewer system within the 5 boroughs of New York City of potentially hazardous materials into sanitary sewer systems. In order to comply #12;DRAIN DISPOSAL Procedure

  16. WASTEWATER SYSTEMS Henrik Bechmann

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , N. K. (1998). Control of sewer systems and wastewater treatment plants using pollutant concentration. (1999). Grey-box modelling of pollutant loads from a sewer system. UrbanWater, 1(1), 71­78. Paper D the models for control of sewer systems and wastewater treatment plants. The main contribution to this field

  17. Lecture Notes in Computer Science 1 On Vision-Based Orientation Method of a Robot Head in a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolesnik, Marina

    the problem of navigation of an autonomous robot when it moves in a modern concrete sewer. The robot must keep its orientation within mostly cylindrical sewer pipes. This implies a geometrical constraint intersecting curves. The shape of the curves depends on (up to the symmetry of the sewer pipe) a particular

  18. WASTEWATER SYSTEMS Henrik Bechmann

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ., and Poulsen, N. K. (1998). Control of sewer systems and wastewater treatment plants using pollutant., and Poulsen, N. K. (1999). Grey­box modelling of pollutant loads from a sewer system. UrbanWater, 1(1), 71 processes with the objective of using the models for control of sewer systems and wastewater treatment

  19. 2013 Mark S. Fox City Data: Big, Open and Linked 1 City Data: Big, Open and Linked

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Yu

    is their "grease disposal" compliance program1 . 61% of all sewer backups are caused by improperly disposed of restaurant grease. The city combined sewer data, grease hauling licenses data and grease producer data sources of grease entering the sewer system. Big Data is the buzzword du jour. It is rare to read

  20. INVESTIGATIVE ASSESSMENT DOE FRAP 1993-37

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    sewer overflow (CSO) and urban runoff (IJR) wastewater discharges into the Fraser River. The overall, or being discharged into the sewer system and whether these key contaminants are also identifiable (GVRD). Much of the background information pertaining to storrnwater and combined sewer overflow studies

  1. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1996 Site Environmental Report Vol. II Data Appendix

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01

    Results APP-7-1-Sanitary Sewer 7-3. Average Annual Metals inAppendix Table APP-7-1-Sanitary Sewer Location Analyte DateResult MDAIPQL Units Hearst Sewer Tritium 6/17/96 9.4 8 Bq/I

  2. Header for SPIE use View-based Method for Relative Orientation in the Pipe1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolesnik, Marina

    of the sewer diameter, must keep its orientation in the entirely dark sewerage. The only a priory information known is the geometrical shape of the sewer (cylindrical, etc). This implies a strong geometrical to be used on-board of the sewer robot. The system has two components: (a) an optical camera and (b) a laser

  3. WASHINGTON TECHNICAL INSTITUTE WASHINGTON, D. C. 20008 WRRC REPORT NO. 10

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    District of Columbia, University of the

    ....................................................................... 21 LIST OF FIGURES 1. Automatic storm runoff-combined sewer sampler of D. C. Environmental Services ........................................................................................... 4 2. Research assistant from American University sampling combined sewer line at the RFK Stadium in the District of Columbia, such as urban land and sewer runoffs are problems for which solutions are needed

  4. Nora Demers Presentation at the Estero Bay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demers, Nora Egan

    Mullock Drainage District (yellow) #12;showing sewer and water infrastructure for San Carlos Park, Lee County, Florida. Areas in green are served by municipal sewer and water, in blue by water, (with septic.00 and 22.00 is from humans #12;#12;·Install expensive central sewer but that will not address fertilizer

  5. Safe Operating Procedure (Reviewed 10/11)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsymbal, Evgeny Y.

    . These locations are connected to the sanitary sewer and have traps to collect dirt and oils. If a commercial wash facility is not available or realistic, use interior areas with drains that connect to the sanitary sewer discharged to a sanitary sewer can not have a sheen. This is not an issue if an oil/grease trap is present

  6. USF System USF USFSP USFSM Number: 6-023

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    to the University of South Florida's Tampa Campus Municipal Separate Storm Sewer System (MS4) in compliance is any discharge to the USF Tampa Campus storm sewer system that is not composed entirely of stormwater contaminant to the USF Tampa Campus storm sewer system. c. Shall report any observed illicit discharges

  7. Appendix D. NPDES Noncompliance Summaries for 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennycook, Steve

    of the sanitary sewer system. Monitoring of the outfall and receiving waters did not reveal any significant connected to the sanitary sewer system. D.2.3 Unpermitted Discharge of Water Description and Cause In 2004 project had been improperly connected to the sanitary sewer system and over- flowed into the storm drain

  8. DDT AND ITS METABOLITES IN THE SEDIMENTS OFF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ofDDT that have entered the ocean through the Los Angeles County sewer system as waste from a DDT, and DDE in the sediments in an area of 14 square nautical miles near the sewer outfalls and 300 metric distributed in the relatively shallow-water area on the Palos Verdes shelfto the northwest ofthe sewer

  9. Physical scale modelling of urban flood Research student: Matteo Rubinato

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wyatt, Lucy

    and unsteady flow conditions in a scaled sewer system. Originally the model was composed of six manholes by including local losses in the calibration process. After modification the model was used to quantify sewer to surface and surface to sewer flow exchange through a single manhole during pluvial flooding. The work has

  10. East Carolina University Main Campus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gopalakrishnan, K.

    of Environment and Natural resources. This system consists of approximately 3.8 miles of gravity sewer, and all, regulations, and rules. There was one sanitary sewer overflow experienced in 2014, meaning that wastewater by this system is discharged to the Greenville Utilities sanitary sewer system where it is treated and discharged

  11. Research by BNL investigators was performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    complaints related to sick building syndrome, including the presence of sewer odors suspected of being entrained from the nearby principal city sewer main and exacerbated by the negatively-balanced pressure floors, the sewer main, and the hoods. Passive sampling was performed during Tests 1 and 3, over 5-day

  12. A Wireless Sensor Network for Pipeline Monitoring Ivan Stoianov

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    supply pipelines and blockages and overflow events in sewer collectors cost millions of dollars a year with Boston Water and Sewer Commission in order to evaluate some of the critical components of PipeNet. Along and distribution water systems and monitoring the water level in sewer collectors. We are developing Pipe

  13. ORIGINAL PAPER Managing climate change risks in New York City's water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to the effects of climate change must become a regular part of planning for water supply, sewer, wastewater Protection (NYCDEP), the agency responsible for managing New York City's (NYC) water supply, sewer focuses on the water supply, sewer, and wastewater treatment systems of NYC, but has wide application

  14. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS, VOL. SMC-3, NO. 5, SEPTEMBER 1973 [1] J. G. Cleveland, R. H. Ramsey, and P. Walters, "Storm water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Widrow, Bernard

    ] J. G. Cleveland, R. H. Ramsey, and P. Walters, "Storm water pollution from urban land activity," in Combined Sewer Overflow Abatement Technology, Water Pollution Control Research Series 11024-06/70, Federal, "Assessment of combined sewer problems," in Combined Sewer Overflow Abatement Tech- nology, Water Pollution

  15. Diversification processes in an island radiation of shrews

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esselstyn, Jacob Aaron

    2010-04-22

    , and thus are subjt to phylogenetic study. Whatever the cause, most 16 studis investigang the tempo of diversifcation examine continental raditions and 17 many have inferred t putative density-dependent patern (McPek 2008; Philimore and 18 Price 2008...; Pric 2008). Although island funas have ben the focus of intensive study 19 by evolutionary biologist, i remins an open question wtr declining rats of 20 diversifcation is the norm in island archipelagos, where tre a enormous opportunities 21...

  16. FEMP UESC Overview

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    24 Potential ECMs * Renewable energy systems * Energyutility distribution * Water and sewer * Electrical peak shavingload shifting * Rate adjustments * Energy-related process...

  17. Tax Credits, Rebates & Savings | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Photovoltaics, Wind (All), Municipal Solid Waste, Wind (Small) Santa Clara Water & Sewer- Solar Water Heating Program In 1975, the City of Santa Clara established the nation's...

  18. PowerPoint Presentation

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    (11 miles) transferred, rehabilitated, and sold to private sector Water and Sewer System to be Transferred by end 2014 Electric Distribution System Transfer...

  19. PROJECTS FROM FEDERAL REGION IX DOE APPROPRIATE ENERGY TECHNOLOGY PILOT PROGRAM - PART I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Case, C.W.

    2011-01-01

    welded together like sewer pipe. Biogas production from theintends to convert the biogas into electricity. The wasteproduce 7.6 million Btu of biogas annually. This estimate

  20. FY2012 - 052410_Budget Briefing final Handout.xlsx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of specific key utilities (water, sewer electrical). RL-0012 KBC BasinFacility Operations & Maintenance 28,105 187,563 Funding supports site's ability to operate and...

  1. The

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Air Line and Valve Utility Electronic Line, Control Panel, Junction Box, Power Pole, Transformer, and Light Pole Utility Gas Line and Valve Utility Sanitary Sewer Line, Manhole and...

  2. Storm water modeling at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Veis, Christopher

    1996-05-01

    Storm water modeling is important to Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) for compliance with regulations that govern water discharge at large industrial facilities. Modeling is also done to study trend in contaminants and storm sewer infrastructure. The Storm Water Management Model (SWMM) was used to simulate rainfall events at LLNL. SWMM is a comprehensive computer model for simulation of urban runoff quantity and quality in storm and combined sewer systems. Due to time constraints and ongoing research, no modeling was completed at LLNL. With proper information about the storm sewers, a SWMM simulation of a rainfall event on site would be beneficial to storm sewer analyst.

  3. CX-012809: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    LURR 20140313 City of Vancouver Sewer Lateral CX(s) Applied: B4.9Date: 41906 Location(s): WashingtonOffices(s): Bonneville Power Administration

  4. CX-012637: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    LURR 20140521 - David King - Sewer Line Installation CX(s) Applied: B4.9Date: 41876 Location(s): OregonOffices(s): Bonneville Power Administration

  5. Considerations When Selecting a Condensing Economizer, Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    the sewer system or used as process water. Suggested Actions Determine your boiler capacity, combustion efficiency, stack gas temperature, annual hours of operation, and...

  6. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1996 Site Environmental Report Vol. I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01

    Sewer System 2-6. Stormwater Drainage in the StrawberryBoard, General Permitfor Stormwater Discharges AssociatedBoard, General Permit for Stormwater Dis- charges Associated

  7. Mitigation, Adaptation, Uncertainty -- Growing Water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Felsen, Martin; Dunn, Sarah

    2008-01-01

    intercept combined sewer and stormwater overflow in the citythat naturally manages stormwater and improves waterChicago’s wastewater and stormwater. Treated water would be

  8. Toward sustainable stormwater management : overcoming barriers to green infrastructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammitt, Sarah A. (Sarah Ann)

    2010-01-01

    With their high concentrations of impervious surface, urban areas generate stormwater runoff that overwhelms existing infrastructure causing flooding, sewer overflows, water pollution, and habitat degradation. Under pressure ...

  9. 2006 Long Range Development Plan Final Environmental Impact Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Philliber, Jeff

    2007-01-01

    Sewer Collection and Treatment. Reduce water pollution fromand water quality problems. Point-source pollution is defined as pollution from industrial and sewage treatment

  10. Drag reduction and solvation in polymer solutions Witold Brostow*1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    North Texas, University of

    with low MDF for: oil well operations; crude oil trans- port; fire fighting; high sewer throughput; irrigation; hydrotransport of solids; marine applications; and bio- medical applications including in a variety of applications1, 2) : oil well operations,crude oil transport, fire fighting,increasing sewer

  11. Application of dendrochronology in archaeology. Water and sewage systems in Renaissance Vilnius

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with water the newly built grand duke's palace. In the 1540s­1550s major development of the water supply of a wooden sewer were discovered north of the grand duke's palace. The sewer was meant for kitchen waste and was assembled in sections. Each section consisted of a flume made up of four sawn longitudinal boards resting

  12. Track 3: Sustainable Infrastructure I. Sustainability in Infrastructure Rehabilitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Angeles is searching for a lower cost way to rehabilitate nearly 65 miles of large sewers built, reducing costs in water and electrical projects through distributed energy, and conserving energy Public Utilities Commission!!!! Innovations in Sewer Technology Keith Hanks, City of Los Angeles!! Los

  13. Environmental compliance Modeling at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brandstetter, E.R., LLNL

    1998-02-01

    This paper presents a post-rehabilitation monitoring and modeling study of the sanitary sewer system at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). The study evaluated effectiveness of sewer system rehabilitation efforts and defined benchmarks for environmental success. A PCSWMM model for the sanitary sewer system was developed and applied to demonstrate the success of a $5 million rehabilitation effort. It determined that rainfall-dependent inflow and infiltration (RDI&I) had been reduced by 88%, and that system upgrades adequately manage predicted peak flows. An ongoing modeling and analysis program currently assists management in evaluating the system`s needs for continuing maintenance and further upgrades. This paper also summarizes a 1989 study that evaluated data collected from December 1, 1988, to January 6, 1989, to determine the adequacy of the LLNL sewer system to accommodate present and future peak flows, and the Sanitary Sewer Rehabilitation (SSR) project, which took place from 1991 through 1995.

  14. CX-010136: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Repair Sanitary Sewer Line South of 725-N CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 03/11/2013 Location(s): South Carolina Offices(s): Savannah River Operations Office

  15. OPENING STATEMENT FOR JIM SULLIVIAN AT THE JULY 21 ST DOE QUADRENNIAL...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    1904, NPU IS MUNICIPALLY-OWNED AND GOVERNED BY A FIVE MEMBER BOARD OF COMMISSIONS AND SEWER AUTHORITY, WHO REPRESENT THE BEST INTEREST OF THE CITIZENS THEY REPRESENT. I AM HERE...

  16. Direct-Contact Process Water Heating 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamann, M. R.

    2006-01-01

    Frequency Days/yr Annual Vol. (mcf) % A1 Batch 90,500 lbs per batch 4 batches/week 80,681 0.6% A2 Batch 200,000 lbs per batch 3 batches/day 200 2,139,594 15.4% Filters (50,000 lbs/hr/filter) 2 Sewer 50,000 lbs/hr/filter 18 hrs/day 200 6,418,781 46....1% Filters (25,000 lbs/hr/filter) 1 Sewer 25,000 lbs/hr/filter 19 hrs/day 200 1,604,695 11.5% Drum Washers 3 Sewer 25,000 lbs/hr/filter 20 hrs/day 150 3,610,564 26.0% Wet Scrubbers 4 Sewer 1 gpm/scrubber 21 hrs/day 200 57,615 0.4% 13,911,930 ANALYSIS...

  17. U.S. Department of Energy Portsmouth/Paducah Project Office

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    to allow the county to construct, operate and maintain a six (6)-inch sanitary sewer line to be installed on the northern portion of the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant...

  18. EA-1356: Final Environmental Assessment | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    the West End Treatment Facility (WETF) to the Y-12 Plant and City of Oak Ridge sanitary sewer systems, resulting in an operational cost savings of approximately 133,000 per year....

  19. Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory September 2012

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Fermilab Community Advisory Board, and we post the results of the surface and sanitary sewer water samples on our website: www.fnal.govpubtritium. What is tritium? Tritium is a...

  20. CX-008626: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Replace 607-6A Sanitary Sewer Lift Station CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 06/20/2012 Location(s): South Carolina Offices(s): Savannah River Operations Office

  1. CX-010722: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Soos Creek Water & Sewer District Land Use Review Request Case No. 20120040 CX(s) Applied: B4.9 Date: 08/20/2013 Location(s): Washington Offices(s): Bonneville Power Administration

  2. Best Management Practice #12: Laboratory and Medical Equipment...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    a small expansion tank instead of using water to cool steam for discharge to the sewer. Check with the manufacturer to make sure this will not interfere with the unit's...

  3. CX-010145: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    City of Sherwood Sewer Line Replacement Land Use Review Request CX(s) Applied: B4.9 Date: 04/25/2013 Location(s): Oregon Offices(s): Bonneville Power Administration

  4. CX-012625: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Building Water Removal from 216-C To Sanitary Sewer Lift Station CX(s) Applied: B1.28Date: 41793 Location(s): South CarolinaOffices(s): Savannah River Operations Office

  5. List updated 7/9/2012 BLDG. # BLDG. CODE BUILDING NAME

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    SCIENCES 13 LS LIFT STATION - UTILITIES 14 CT COOLING TOWER 15 CT COOLING TOWER 18 DM HOUSING ASSISTANTS MEYERSON CONTINUING EDUCATION HALL 31E CR STUDENT ACTIVITIES CENTER 32 LS SEWER LIFT STATION AT 20th STREET

  6. RATS VERSUS PEOPLE Rats equal twice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , ----= -, - paper car ton s, and wooden containers are easily damaged. #12;By Starting Fires Rats start fires their sewer homes over their travel routes. These filthy rats may run over and contaminate your food, table

  7. Field studies of virus transport in a heterogeneous sandy aquifer 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vogel, Jason Robert

    1997-01-01

    enteric viruses in ground water, however, has been well documented. Viral contamination of ground water from septic tank, sewer line, or waste disposal site failures has lead to increased efforts to quantify the transport of viruses through the ground...

  8. The UNIVERSITY of WESTERN ONTARIO POLICIES and PROCEDURES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lennard, William N.

    the Ontario Environmental Protection Act, R.S.O. 1990. (c) Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act and Safety Act. (e) Pesticides Act, Regulations 914, R.S.O. 1990. (f) The City of London Sewer Use By

  9. CX-006887: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Addition of Beneficial Bacteria to the Sanitary Sewer for Control of MetalsCX(s) Applied: B1.3Date: 08/03/2011Location(s): Albuquerque, New MexicoOffice(s): NNSA-Headquarters

  10. Finding home : making a place for the homeless in the urban landscape

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheng, Marissa A

    2007-01-01

    Is homelessness a problem? What if you considered homelessness to be a state, rather than a problem, and provided for it accordingly in the urban landscape? As roads and water and sewer lines are one type of infrastructure, ...

  11. SECTION E

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    - NOC & Sanitary Sewer PI-24590-01-00153 A2 - Incomplete WTP Conceptual Design - SAP & CAR PI-24590-01-00153 B - Incomplete R&T WTP Conceptual Design work (5 Pis) 19...

  12. Project Reports for Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium- 2011 Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The main objective of the proposed project is to improve the overall energy efficiency of the water treatment/distribution and sewer collection systems in Selawik by implementing the retrofit measures identified in a previously conducted utility energy audit.

  13. Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium- 2011 Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The main objective of the proposed project is to improve the overall energy efficiency of the water treatment/distribution and sewer collection systems in Selawik by implementing the retrofit measures identified in a previously conducted utility energy audit.

  14. 1. Introduction The use of radar rainfall data for hydrological model-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fox, Neil I.

    for the supply of potable water and the treatment of wastewater in the north- west of England. The primary feed an interceptor sewer (up to 2.35 m box sec- tion) that conveys flows to a wastewater treatment

  15. Thank you for taking the time out to participate in this meeting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to Sewer New Wastewater Treatment Plant/Groundwater Discharge Land Converted to Turf/Grass New as the Primary Driver EPA Provided List of Tracking Requirements New Septic System Septic System Connected

  16. 11/17/11 Treatment Wetlands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, Matthew

    wastewater treatment faciliOes, combined sewer overflows, municipal stormwater, industry ­ Wastewater treatment ­ Stormwater treatment ­ Flood control ConvenOonal Wastewater Treatment · Primary Treatment ­ grit and solids removal · Secondary Treatment

  17. An Archaeological Survey for the Upper Leon River Municipal Water District Proposed Wastewater Treatment System Improvements Project in Eastern Comanche County, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, William

    2015-07-10

    An archaeological evaluation of approximately 4 miles of proposed sewer force main and a proposed wastewater treatment plant at a 20 acre tract in eastern Comanche County, Texas was performed by Brazos Valley Research Associates (BVRA) in October...

  18. The Mobile Test and Demonstration Unit, A Cooperative Project Between EPRI, Utilities and Industry to Demonstrate New Water Treatment Technologies 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strasser, J.; Mannapperuma, J.

    1995-01-01

    and has demonstrated that membrane processes like MF, UF, NF and RO can successfully be applied to remove BOD and TSS from process streams, often recovering valuable solids, reducing sewer charges and meeting environmental regulations....

  19. CX-009608: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Refurbish 607-53C Sanitary Sewer Lift Station CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 11/29/2012 Location(s): South Carolina Offices(s): Savannah River Operations Office

  20. 300 area TEDF permit compliance monitoring plan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    BERNESKI, L.D.

    1998-11-20

    This document presents the permit compliance monitoring plan for the 300 Area Treated Effluent Disposal Facility (TEDF). It addresses the compliance with the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit and Department of Natural Resources Aquatic Lands Sewer Outfall Lease.

  1. The Downtown Area of Jonestown, Texas. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Booth, Geoffrey; Molina, Daniel; Santos, Alexander; Garcia, Laura; Garcia, Sarah; Olivarez, Cristopher; Wolff, Alec; Richarson, Jennifer; Romero, Megan; Beckett, Katherine; Strom, Robert; Cheek, Joseph; Davis, Zachary; Guerra, Daniel; McIntyre, Scott; Bishop, William; Hoff, Austin; Hernandez, Alex; Stewart, Sean; Kulka, William; Whitis, Dillon; Couvillion, Sarah; English, Garrett; Vasylyeva, Anastasiya; Allen, Jacob; Jorgenson, Davis; Kaska, Michael; Terrazas, Nathan; Barnete, Beau; Garcia, Karina; Cruz, Sarah; Harwell, Ethan

    2014-10-03

    Three projects are focused on the city of Jonestown. The first being a Quadruple Net Value Analysis report generated by undergraduate Land and Property Development students. The second is a public sewer feasibility study ...

  2. International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation 49 (2002) 271276 www.elsevier.com/locate/ibiod

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pace, Norman

    2002-01-01

    -oxidizing bacteria as the causative agents of concrete corrosion in sanitary sewers. Thiobacillus species are often is a dominant genus in acid mine drainage environments (Evangelou and Zhang, 1995; Harrison, 1984) recent

  3. 22 00 00 PLUMBING GENERAL DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION STANDARD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pillow, Jonathan

    utilities (domestic water, sanitary sewer, natural gas, etc.) with the University. I. Provide sufficient union to join dissimilar piping materials. K. Slope plumbing systems to permit drainage. Provide drain

  4. Determining areas appropriate to indigenous plant communities and those appropriate to a more traditional collegiate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamat, Vineet R.

    facilities into either the sanitary sewer or the storm water management system. Because greater than 10-watershed within the University properties to record the pre- development drainage system, the present campus

  5. Shower Testing for the Texas Department of Corrections 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Claridge, D. E.; Turner, W. D.; Chen, L.

    1989-01-01

    Measurements have been conducted on four low flow showerheads highly recommended by utilities. These measurements were made to determine expected cost savings in TDC installations, based on water savings, sewer savings, and ...

  6. CX-007548: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Boone County Sewer District - Waste Water Treatment Plant Upgrades CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 01/10/2012 Location(s): Missouri Offices(s): Golden Field Office

  7. Water and Waste Water Tariffs for New Residential Construction in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisher, Diane; Lutz, James

    2006-01-01

    Water and Waste Water Tariffs for New ResidentialApril 2006 Water and Waste Water Tariffs for New Residentialalso reduce the amount of waste water released to the sewer.

  8. PROJECT REPORTS FOR Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium- 2011 Project

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The main objective of the proposed project is to improve the overall energy efficiency of the water treatment/distribution and sewer collection systems in Selawik by implementing the retrofit measures identified in a previously conducted utility energy audit.

  9. A Methodology for Estimating Construction Unit Bid Prices 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erbatur, Osman 1978-

    2012-11-28

    all bids) for the past three years. ? Develop three (sanitary sewer, water, pavement and storm drainage) construction item unit price databases using the data collected. The cost items for the three types of construction improvement projects... estimating provide more reasonable information, such as theoretical distribution functions. 13 Methodology The City of Fort Worth construction projects can be separated into three categories: paving and drainage, water, and sanitary sewer...

  10. Best Energy Savings Measurement at Texas City Monsanto Plant 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Repschleger, W. E.

    1979-01-01

    "BTU KWH MMBTU MGAL TEXAS CITY PLANT S1725 DEPT 89972 UTILI TY DESCRIPTION STEAM MMBT ELECTRICITY FIL _TR MGAL MAKE UP WTR. C T WATER UNITS MMBTU KWH HGAL "GAL. MGAL HGAL PLANT N02 UNIT -------ACTUAL THIS MO 65,289 11,160. 56... FACTOR DESCRIPTION UNITS 38.521 3.881 30.423 01.3C188~ 5.079 STEAM MM3TU MM8TU 56.789 n2.6~7 S.679.31Cl ClO.OIOClCl 1.32' ElECTRI CIT Y KW H - ---_._.--- -_. 39 1.741 00.02699 5 FIl WH MGAl MGAl 222 6.989 98,332 ..... 678.711 OCl.ClIl9C1 1...

  11. Effectiveness of a Bioretention Cell Treating Stormwater Runoff in Northeastern Kansas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Xiaolu

    2010-05-12

    obtained and classified as sand and sandy loam. The mulch layer used in the study was from locally collected municipal leaves and grass clippings. In their research, some washout of media particles has been noted in field facilities, mostly from new... of the bioretention cell and surrounding area Runoff from Mize Boulevard is collected in curbside sewers behind the road and drained to the bioretention cells through a single concrete pipe. A mesh bag trap is installed in the entrance of the curbside sewer...

  12. Determination of transport parameters of coincident inorganic and organic plumes in the Savannah River Plant M-Area, Aiken, South Carolina 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cauffman, Toya Lyn

    1987-01-01

    River Plant (SRP) M-Area house the facilities for fabricating fuel and target elements to be irradiated in SRP reactors. Waste effluents from M-Area operations contain metal degreasers, nitric acid, sodium hydroxide, phosphoric acid and metals...-Area are (1) the A-14 sewer outfall, which drains to a small tributary of the Time Branch, (2) the M-Area settling basin, (3) the seepage area and Lost Lake, which receive overflow from the basin, and (4) the two main sewer lines which transport waste water...

  13. State waste discharge permit application: 200 Area Treated Effluent Disposal Facility (Project W-049H)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-08-01

    As part of the original Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Concent Order negotiations, US DOE, US EPA and the Washington State Department of Ecology agreed that liquid effluent discharges to the ground to the Hanford Site are subject to permitting in the State Waste Discharge Permit Program (SWDP). This document constitutes the SWDP Application for the 200 Area TEDF stream which includes the following streams discharged into the area: Plutonium Finishing Plant waste water; 222-S laboratory Complex waste water; T Plant waste water; 284-W Power Plant waste water; PUREX chemical Sewer; B Plant chemical sewer, process condensate, steam condensate; 242-A-81 Water Services waste water.

  14. CX-012384: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Eleven Soil Bores Along the M-Area Abandoned Process Sewer Line for Vadose Zone Characterization CX(s) Applied: B3.1 Date: 05/19/2014 Location(s): South Carolina Offices(s): Savannah River Operations Office

  15. This article has been published in: Urban Water Journal, Vol. 9(1), 2012 Rainwater harvesting to control stormwater runoff in suburban areas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 This article has been published in: Urban Water Journal, Vol. 9(1), 2012 Rainwater harvesting. This paper investigates the macroscopic effect of rainwater harvesting on runoff, and thus the potential. Keywords: rainwater harvesting; source control; BMP; runoff; rainfall-runoff analysis; sewer overflows 1

  16. University of California, San Diego BMP C05: Food Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Lynn

    of grease or cooking oil to any storm drain or sanitary sewer system drain! Waste grease and cooking oil outdoor storm drains for evidence of improper disposal of grease, cooking oil, or other food waste & Debris Oil & Grease Bacteria Total Residual Chlorine Dry weather flows Purpose: To prevent or reduce

  17. Flexible hybrid membrane treatment systems for tailored nutrient management: A new paradigm in urban wastewater treatment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    growth and urbanization, as well as climate change are drivers to advance the science and technology to water scarcity and urban population growth, decaying urban water infra- structure and inadequate end technology have made the concept of sewer mining, or scalping, feasible for distributed installations across

  18. CHAPTER EIGHT The Future of the Spatial Information Infrastructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Onsrud, Harlan J.

    the quality of ground and surface water; · forecast weather; · map the territories of animal and plant species such as aerial images, zoning, tax parcels, topography, sewer and water lines, and wet lands; · select optimal; · evaluate sites for waste disposal; · inventory and manage roads, utilities and other physical facilities

  19. DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING UNIVERSITY OF PUERTO RICO -MAYAGUEZ

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING UNIVERSITY OF PUERTO RICO - MAYAGUEZ CURRICULUM VITAE NAME of Antonio Hernández Virella & Associates; Period 1983 to 1986 -Civil Engineer at the Puerto Rico Aqueduct And Sewer Authority, San Juan, PR; Period 1978-1983 -Civil Engineer at the Department of Transportation

  20. Water Resources Research Center Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by the U.S. Army, five funded directly by other federal agencies, and nine by Hawaii state agencies, three with a relatively minor but still very damaging flood that hit the University of Hawaii at Manoa in October 2004 on Kauai (killing seven people) and contributing to a sewer line break in Waikiki that contaminated beaches

  1. awareness and pollution prevention

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsien, Roger Y.

    Hazard awareness and pollution prevention for contractors and visitors at UCSD #12;Hazard Awareness and Pollution Prevention For Contractors and Visitors at UC San Diego This booklet was developed by UC San Diego ..............................................5 Storm Water Pollution Prevention.....................5 Sanitary Sewer System Management

  2. UNIVERSITY OF ALASKA FAIRBANKS April 2012 Chancellor's Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ickert-Bond, Steffi

    -voltage switches, and replace a section of the cam- pus main sewer line as part of a multiphase replacement project in Edinburgh, Scotland, lets users model oil reservoirs, wells and pipeline networks. In Progress Marketing and Communications, contracting with the Nerland Agency, has completed the research phase of a branding project

  3. Feasibility Study Company Description

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dahl, David B.

    Feasibility Study Company Description: The ZZZZZ Office works with start-ups and established...realized with more than 15,000 employees. Short Project Name: Migrate small waste treatment system from Latin America houses which are built in areas where there is no sewer drain line. In order to covert black waters

  4. List updated 1/14/2015 BLDG. # BLDG. CODE BUILDING NAME

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    SCIENCES 13 LS LIFT STATION - UTILITIES 14 CT COOLING TOWER 15 CT COOLING TOWER 18 DM HOUSING ASSISTANTS 31-D CE ELY MEYERSON CONTINUING EDUCATION HALL 31-E CR STUDENT ACTIVITIES CENTER 32 LS SEWER LIFT STATION AT 30th STREET 33 PM POOL MAINTENANCE BUILDING 33-A PE POOL EQUIPMENT BUILDING 33-B PM POOL

  5. (Created 3/06; Revised 6/06, 8/09, 8/10, 10/11, 8/12) UNL Environmental Health and Safety (402) 472-4925 http://ehs.unl.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsymbal, Evgeny Y.

    ). Records Required by EPA's Spill Prevention Control and Countermeasures (SPCC) Regulations Table 1 or failures; when the SPCC plan changes significantly or fails in the event of an emergency; when, through/ oils below the surface of the ground; any release to a storm sewer or other surface water; any release

  6. Module Information for CE3104, 2015/6 -APPROVED Module Title/Name: Process & Pollution Control Module Code: CE3104

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rebollo-Neira, Laura

    - characteristics, variation with source, treatment principles, discharge to sewers and watercourses - Air PollutionModule Information for CE3104, 2015/6 - APPROVED Module Title/Name: Process & Pollution Control on piping and instrumentation diagrams (P&ID). Indicative Module Content: Pollution Prevention and Control

  7. An Analysis of Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radcliffe, David

    , Managing Attorney UGA Land Use Clinic 110 Riverbend Road, Room 101 Athens, GA 30602-1510 (706) 583 and sewer connections, public safety, and transportation improvements. As studies have shown, the tax in the form of higher taxes. If funds are not immediately available for the local government to accommodate

  8. UNBC Hazardous Waste Guide Proper waste management practices are essential for the safety of all students, staff, and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Northern British Columbia, University of

    UNBC Hazardous Waste Guide Proper waste management practices are essential for the safety of all students, staff, and faculty. Hazardous waste must be handled and disposed of in a manner that ensures these materials do not pose a hazardous threat to others or end up in municipal sewers or landfills. Improper

  9. Trenchless rehabilitation of buried pipelines via cured-in-place pipe -- an environmentally friendly solution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baldwin, R.L. [Insituform Technologies, Inc., Kingwood, TX (United States); Sorrell, P. [Insituform Technologies, Inc., Memphis, TN (United States)

    1995-09-01

    Refiners and petrochemical producers are faced with a number of issues related to aging infrastructure in their processing facilities. Many of these facilities were initially constructed in the 1960s or earlier and have a large number of plant-wide utilities, general facilities and underground piping systems that are at least 30 years old. Many underground piping systems are approaching the end of their useful life which can be extended only by substantial reconstruction or rehabilitation. This paper will focus on the rehabilitation of underground effluent piping systems such as process sewers, contaminated storm sewers, low-pressure effluent force mains and sanitary sewers. While the technology that will be discussed is also used to rehabilitate water lines in raw, treated and cooling water service, the environmental issues involved with these effluent piping systems justify this focus. A number of options for reconstruction or rehabilitation of process effluent piping will be reviewed briefly. The rehabilitation method that will be discussed in detail is the trenchless or so-called no dig technique using a Cured-In-Place Pipe (CIPP). This technology was originally developed in the early 1970s for rehabilitating municipal sewer lines and has been adapted or further developed for industrial use. Since then, the technology has been used to rehabilitate more than 22 million feet of buried pipelines, including more than 200,000 feet of industrial effluent lines in the past three years.

  10. DOI: 10.1007/s00340-007-2858-5 Appl. Phys. B 90, 311315 (2008)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01

    the holds of ships, mine shafts, paper pulp mills, swamps, and sewers. H2S also occurs in volcanic gases Road, Hefei, Anhui 230031, P.R. China Received: 17 October 2007 Published online: 7 December 2007) is a colorless, toxic, flammable gas. Oil and gas fields, tankers, production facili- ties and industrial

  11. The Role of Trees in Seattle's Stormwater Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Sally

    The Plan to Protect Seattle's Waterways; Seattle Public Utilities, May 2015 #12;Why Do We Care? · Pollution · Overflow into Combined Sewer System The Plan to Protect Seattle's Waterways; Seattle Public Utilities, May 2015 #12;Why Do We Care? The Plan to Protect Seattle's Waterways; Seattle Public Utilities, May 2015

  12. Facilities Services Overview & Discussion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    Purchased Utilities Safety & Risk Management $2.2M Custodial Planning $2.1M Benefits $1.0M Property. #12;Physical Resources - A city within a city · Utility Consumption (2010) ­ 52,200,000 Kilowatt) · We own our own Utilities ­ Electricity, Steam, Water, Sewer, Gas, Voice/Data #12;Administration

  13. Stakeholder Consortium Meeting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danforth, Bryan Nicholas

    Stakeholder Consortium Meeting March 22, 2013 Susan Riha Director, NYS Water Resources Institute at Cornell University New York State Water Resources Institute #12;NY's Water Infrastructure Wastewater 610 septic systems 22,000 miles of sewer pipes many systems over 35 years old Water Supply over 10

  14. Radiation Center and TRIGA Report Annual Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2 Monthly Summary of Liquid Effluent Releases to the Sanitary Sewer 33 V 3 Annual Summary of Liquid Survey Data 30 Radioactive Material Shipments 31 References 31 Part VI--Work Summary 50 Teaching 50 Waste Generated and Transferred 34 V 4 Monthly Summary of Gaseous Effluent Releases 35 V 5 Annual

  15. Beecher, IPU-MSU [2015] [ 1 ] MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY | INSTITUTE OF PUBLIC UTILITIES REGULATORY RESEARCH AND EDUCATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    =100) Electricity (1913) Natural gas (1935) CPI (1997=100) Tel. services (1997=100) Wireless (1997=100) Landline. The utility-related services included in this comparison are: electricity, natural gas, fuels (fuel oil and propone), water and sewer, local telephone service, interstate telephone service, wireless phone service

  16. H O W T O M O R R O W M O V E S HOW TOMORROW MOVES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

    · Pipeline Anomaly Investigations · Replacing Existing Pipelines (Petroleum v. Natural Gas v. Sewer v, Gold, Katcher & Fox, LLP William Parry, PG, CGWP, CSX Transportation, Inc. Julia B. Herron, Esq., CSX Transportation, Inc. Michael T. Feamster, PE, ENVIRON International Corp. #12;There Are Many Third-Party Projects

  17. Virginia Water Resources Research Center Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    been instrumental in increasing the university and state commitment to the Center's programs. The 104 review and synthesis are helping to identify how spatial settlement form affects the costs of providing annual cost of delivering water and sewer service to new residential housing units. Principal Findings

  18. Approved Module Information for CE3104, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Process & Pollution Control Module Code: CE3104

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neirotti, Juan Pablo

    , treatment principles, discharge to sewers and watercourses * Air Pollution - effects of pollutants, typesApproved Module Information for CE3104, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Process & Pollution Control - Understand how a chemical process is controlled safely and efficiently Pollution Control #12;* The impact

  19. UPDATED: 8/29/2013 THE DICKINSON SCHOOL OF LAW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Dongwon

    space · 3 bedrooms + bonus room on third floor · 1& ½ remodeled bathrooms · gas heating, central air, Carlisle ­ Quiet 2nd floor apartment. One bedroom. $395 includes heat/water/sewer. Four blocks from law COMPLEXES APARTMENTS/HOUSES - CARLISLE 3 E. HIGH STREET, Apt. # 2, Carlisle - 2nd Floor apartment, available

  20. Office of Wastewater Management catalog of publications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-09-01

    The contents include: Introduction; Categories of Documents (Biosolids; Construction Grants; Environmental Impact Statements; Federal Registers; Finance; Needs and Assessments; Operation and Maintenance; Permitting Issues; Pollution Prevention and Control; Pretreatment; Small Communities; Storm Water/Combined Sewer Overflows; Treatment; Water Conservation and Efficiency; Water Quality and Standards; and Miscellaneous); and Document Title Index.

  1. ENVE 417 HYDRAULIC DESIGN TOPIC SYLLABUS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Shirley E.

    ENVE 417 HYDRAULIC DESIGN TOPIC SYLLABUS Current Catalog Data: Design of water and waste water, Sanitary Sewers, and Water Distribution Systems. Required Textbook: Warren Viessman, Jr. and Mark Hammer. Water Supply and Pollution Control, 7th Edition. Prentice-Hall. 2004. Supplemental Textbooks: Public

  2. This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached copy is furnished to the author for internal non-commercial research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    North Texas, University of

    concentrations to accelerate significantly the flow in oil pipeline conduits, oil well operations, flood water disposal, fire fighting, field irrigation, transport of suspensions and slurries, sewer systems, water Chemistry and Technology, Lvivska Politechnika National University, Stepana Bandery 12, 79013 Lviv, Ukraine

  3. CX-007673: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Edible Oil Deployment for Enhanced Chlorinated Volatile Organic Compounds Attenuation at the M Area Abandoned Process Sewer Line CX(s) Applied: B3.1 Date: 10/25/2011 Location(s): South Carolina Offices(s): Savannah River Operations Office

  4. Please post or circulate FENVIRONMENT, HEALTH & SAFETY INFORMATION FOR THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Ronald C.

    to storm drains except clean rainwater. (There are some exceptions, but the list is short and limited Strawberry Creek Clean EH&S 642-3073 UC Police 642-6760 Strawberry Creek is a great treasure for all to enjoy, and automotive fluids ! Illicit connections: drains that are sup- posed to discharge to the sanitary sewer

  5. Report on geological surveys in the 300-FF-1 operable unit

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sandness, G.A.

    1991-03-01

    This report describes a set of geophysical surveys performed by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory at selected locations within the 300-FF-1 Operable Unit at Hanford. Field work and preliminary data processing activities were initiated in September 1989. These actions were terminated by the Westinghouse Hanford Company before completion in December 1989. Work was reinitiated in October 1990, to complete the processing of the data that had already been collected and to report the results. Because the field work was only partially completed, the task objectives, as presented in the Statement of Work, could not be fully met. This report is, therefore, a progress report covering the work performed through December 11, 1989. This task involved (1) ground-penetrating radar surveys of the 618-4 and 618-5 Burial Grounds, and (2) ground-penetrating radar and electromagnetic induction surveys along the assumed routes of the abandoned process sewers and radioactive liquid waste sewers in the 300-FF-1 Operable Unit. The surveys in the burial grounds were intended to identify burial trenches and pits, to determine the depth of fill, and to locate waste materials, including any that might be outside the perimeter fences. The surveys along the sewer routes were intended, first, to confirm the locations of the sewers as shown on existing maps or to otherwise accurately determine their locations, and second, to attempt to identify locations of possible leaks. 3 refs., 3 figs., 2 tabs.

  6. Water protection in coke-plant design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    G.I. Alekseev [Giprokoks, the State Institute for the Design of Coke-Industry Enterprises, Kharkov (Ukraine)

    2009-07-15

    Wastewater generation, water consumption, and water management at coke plants are considered. Measures to create runoff-free water-supply and sewer systems are discussed. Filters for water purification, corrosion inhibitors, and biocides are described. An integrated single-phase technology for the removal of phenols, thiocyanides, and ammoniacal nitrogen is outlined.

  7. SWATS: Wireless Sensor Networks for Steamflood and Waterflood Pipeline Monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heidemann, John

    , SWATS (Steamflood and WAter- flood Tracking System), aims to allow continuous monitoring, observation by a single node cannot capture the topological effects on the transient characteristics of steam (oil, steam, water, and sewer) networks have major shortcomings. Supervisory Control And Data Acquisi

  8. 1 Copyright 2015 by ASME Proceedings of the ASME 2015 Pressure Vessels & Piping Division Conference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tijsseling, A.S.

    is of importance for pipeline filling [6- 11], surcharged sewers and geysering [12-15], waterhammer [16-18], steam condensation [19-20], and auto-ignition of combustible fluid due to rapid compression [21-23]. The practical utility of the models proposed in [21-22] is discussed in [23]. Entrapped air at a blind flange

  9. An Archaeological Survey for the Las Palmas Wastewater Collection System Improvement Project in West-Central Zapata County, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, William

    2015-07-30

    An archaeological survey of the route of a proposed sanitary sewer line in west-central Zapata County, Texas was performed by Brazos Valley Research Associates (BVRA) on March 23, 2010 under Antiquities Permit 5581 for the County of Zapata. Two...

  10. CRRELREPORT98-4 Frost-Shielding Methodology and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horvath, John S.

    CRRELREPORT98-4 Frost-Shielding Methodology and Demonstration for Shallow Burial of Water and Sewer freezing by add- ing an insulation shield would allow a shallow burial option. This can reduce excavation shields for a water line in northern New Hampshire through a 4-year Construction Productivity Advancement

  11. Modeling Harry's Brook Watershed Alexandra Konings, REU 2006 Tracing the Water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petta, Jason

    of impervious cover >Reduce infiltration >Increase runoff · Existence of storm drainage networks >sewers What Influences the Water Cycle? · Topography > direction of flow > flow velocity · Infiltration: Green Watershed Alexandra Konings, REU 2006 How Do We Study This? Study Harry's Brook Watershed in Princeton EPA

  12. EINDHOVEN UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY Department of Mathematics and Computer Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eindhoven, Technische Universiteit

    -scale reaction diffusion system able to capture the corrosion of concrete with sulfates. Our aim here of sulfuric acid which is obtained by resolving numerically the two-scale system (microscopic equations on concrete surfaces. Particularly, the sulfuric acid that causes corrosion of sewer crowns is generated

  13. Michael Cooney, a researcher with the UH Manoa Hawaii Natural Energy Institute, in his lab

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    King Founder & Owner Pacific Biodiesel Technologies, LLC. 808.877.3144 info@biodiesel.com Renewable at Manoa are working with Maui based company Pacific Biodiesel to develop a way to make water from Biodiesel Technologies, LLC. Wastewater from dishwashing and cleaning kitchens would clog sewer lines

  14. Massachusetts Institute of Technology Department of Facilities Building NE49

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herr, Hugh

    Install site drainage and infrastructure for temp. utilities for bldg. construction Exterior B 8 Flush and backfill new 30" CHW Main Exterior C 9 Install drainage pipe and backfill utilities under Bldg. 39 Exterior, Electrical, Plumbing, Fire Protection MH - Manhole SOE - Support of Excavation SS - Sanitary Sewer SD - Storm

  15. 450 IEEETRANSACTIONSONSYSTEMS,MAN,ANDCYBERNETICS,VOL.SMC-3,NO.5, SEPTEMBER1973 The Application of Optimal Linear Regulator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, John Barratt

    are sewer systems in which both sanitary waste and storm runoff are handled simultaneously, The original to the normal sanitary flow. The excess flow was diverted to receiving waters at numerous points throughout the system. It was considered that the stormwater was clean and would sufficiently dilute the sanitary waste

  16. REPORT POLLUTION Report-A-Polluter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pittendrigh, Barry

    laboratory chemicals and waste into or near a storm drain structure Soil from construction sites being@purdue.edu . To report construction sites issues, e.g. erosion & sediment control problems, please call the Purdue University Construction Department at 765-494-0580. To report leaking sanitary sewer lines, failing septic

  17. Estimating Nonpoint Source Pollution Loadings in the Great Lakes Watersheds Chansheng He

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    contaminated sediments, urban runoff, storm sewers, and agriculture impairs Great Lakes shoreline waters a physically based, spatially-distributed hydrology model to simulate spatial and temporal NPS distributions in the study watershed. Soil erosion and sediment yield by both wind and water are estimated based

  18. EVALUATION OF THE PEEP INDEX AND RECOMMENDED TOXICITY TESTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a Vancouver storm sewer. A flow-weighte~ composite sample from each site was tested for acute toxicity the mathematicalformula used to derive the index. A battery of bioassays is recommended for use in the FraserRiver Basin tliatthe SOS-Chromotest The test battery is identical to that used for the PEEP index, is replaced

  19. Midterm Results of Uterine Artery Embolization Using Narrow-Size Calibrated Embozene Microspheres

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stampfl, Ulrike; Radeleff, Boris; Sommer, Christof [University of Heidelberg, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Germany); Stampfl, Sibylle [University of Heidelberg, Department of Neuroradiology (Germany); Dahlke, Angelika; Bellemann, Nadine; Kauczor, Hans-Ulrich [University of Heidelberg, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Germany); Richter, Goetz M., E-mail: G.Richter@klinikum-stuttgart.de [Klinikum Stuttgart, Clinics for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Germany)

    2011-04-15

    Purpose: To evaluate safety and efficacy of uterine artery embolization using narrow-size-range polyphosphazene-coated hydrogel microspheres (Embozene, CeloNova Biosciences, Newnan, GA). Methods: Between May 2006 and September 2008, a total of 121 consecutive patients (mean {+-} SD age 42.1 {+-} 5.4 years, range 30.5-51.5 years) were enrolled onto this single-center study. The primary study endpoint was safety as assessed by the society of interventional radiology (SIR) classification. The secondary endpoint was efficacy, which was based on a 1-year magnetic resonance imaging study and relief of symptoms documented by the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey questionnaire over a 2-year interval. Results: The mean {+-} SD diameter of the dominant fibroid was 6.4 {+-} 2.6 (range, 2.9-13.9) cm and the mean volume 137.2 {+-} 245.1 (range, 5.3-1184) ml. Most patients had multiple fibroids with 11% more than 10. A total of 240 of 242 interventions were completed as planned, a technical success rate of 99.2%. According to the SIR classification, one type A, eight type C, and one type D complication occurred. Total devascularization was noted in 96% (116 of 121) of dominant fibroids. Volume decrease was 4% at 2 weeks, 52% (P < 0.001) at 3 months, 78% (P < 0.001) at 6 months, and 91% at 12 months (P < 0.001). The latter difference was statistically significant (P = 0.007). A total of 92% had improved hypermenorrhea at 1 year and 94% at 2 years. Dysmenorrhea was improved in 96% at 1 year and in 95% at 2 years. The overall health status score was 60.4 {+-} 26.2 points at baseline and 96.9 {+-} 3.8 after 1 year (P = 0.0019).ConclusionUterine artery embolization with Embozene microspheres is a safe procedure. Its efficacy is demonstrated by high fibroid devascularization and volume reduction rates and significant improvements of clinical symptoms and quality-of-life scores during follow-up.

  20. Design criteria Drain Rerouting Project 93-OR-EW-2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-04-01

    This document contains the design criteria to be used by the architect-engineer (A--E) in the performance of Title I and II design for the Drain Rerouting Project. The Drain Rerouting project at the US Department of Energy`s (DOE) Oak Ridge Reservation in Oak Ridge, Tennessee will provide the Y-12 Plant with the capability to reroute particular drains within buildings 9202, 9203 and 9995. Process drains that are presently connected to the storm sewer shall be routed to the sanitary sewer to ensure that any objectionable material inadvertently discharged into process drains will not discharge to East Fork Popular Creek (EFPC) without treatment. The project will also facilitate compliance with the Y-12 Plant`s National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) discharge permit and allow for future pretreatment of once-through coolant.

  1. Mosquitoes and the Diseases they Transmit 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackman, John A.; Olson, Jimmy K.

    2002-06-21

    -term, you need to use several complementary management techniques, including: a73 Sanitation ? removing food, water, and shelter a73 Habitat disruption ? draining the water where mosquitoes breed a73 Biological control ? using mosquito fish, nema- todes... thuringiensis israeliensis especially Anopheles basins, storm sewers, clogged toxin and Bacillus sphaericus punctipennis streams, irrigated land Sanitation?removing food, water and vegetation Floodwater Aedes, Ochlerotatus, flood plains, salt marshes, Habitat...

  2. Biodegradation of triclosan by a triclosan-degrading isolate and an ammonia-oxidizing bacterium 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Fuman

    2007-09-17

    into waste water sewers by domestic disinfecting products. Moreover, thiclosan is a dioxin precursor and can be converted to 2, 8-dichlorodibenzo-p-dioxin by an intramolecular photochemical substitution reaction in aqueous solutions buffered at PH 8...h Hassen et al., (1998) Hassen et al., (1998) Hassen et al., (1998) Merck (2001) Merck (2001) Merck (2001) Merck (2001) OMRI (2001) Recent attention has been focused on triclosan’s link to dioxin. According to EPA’s draft Dioxin...

  3. Post remedial action survey report for Building 003, Santa Susana Field Laboratories, Rockwell International, Ventura County, California, October 1981; April 1982. Surplus Facilities Management Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wynveen, R.A.; Smith, W.H.; Sholeen, C.M.; Justus, A.L.; Flynn, K.F.

    1983-10-01

    Rockwell International's Santa Susana Laboratories in Ventura County, California, have been the site of numerous Federally-funded projects involving the use of radioactive materials. One such project was the System for Nuclear Auxiliary Power (SNAP) Program. Building 003 on the Santa Susana site was used in conjunction with the SNAP Program and contained a highly shielded area designed for remote manipulation of radioactive materials. Such facilities are commonly referred to as hot caves. During the SNAP Program, fuel burnup samples were analyzed and irradiation experiments were evaluated in the Building 003 hot cave. Use of the hot cave facility ended when the SNAP Program was terminated in 1973. Subsequently, the Building 003 facilities were declared excess and were decontaminaed and decommissioned during the first half of calendar year 1975. At that time, the building was given a preliminary release. In 1981, a post-remedial-action (certification) survey of Building 003 was conducted at the request of the Department of Energy. Significant levels of residual contamination were found in various parts of the building. Consequently, additional decontamination was conducted by Rockwell International. A final post-remedial-action survey was conducted during April 1982, and those areas in Building 003 that had been found contaminated in 1981 were now found to be free of detectable radioactive contamination. Sludge samples taken from the sewer sump showed elevated levels of enriched uranium contaminant. Hence, all sewer lines within Building 003 were removed. This permitted unconditional release of the building for unrestricted use. However, the sewer lines exterior to the building, which remain in place, must be considered potentially contaminated and, therefore, subject to restricted use.

  4. pH Meter probe assembly

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hale, Charles J. (San Jose, CA)

    1983-01-01

    An assembly for mounting a pH probe in a flowing solution, such as a sanitary sewer line, which prevents the sensitive glass portion of the probe from becoming coated with grease, oil, and other contaminants, whereby the probe gives reliable pH indication over an extended period of time. The pH probe assembly utilizes a special filter media and a timed back-rinse feature for flushing clear surface contaminants of the filter. The flushing liquid is of a known pH and is utilized to check performance of the probe.

  5. pH Meter probe assembly

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hale, C.J.

    1983-11-15

    An assembly for mounting a pH probe in a flowing solution, such as a sanitary sewer line, which prevents the sensitive glass portion of the probe from becoming coated with grease, oil, and other contaminants, whereby the probe gives reliable pH indication over an extended period of time. The pH probe assembly utilizes a special filter media and a timed back-rinse feature for flushing clear surface contaminants of the filter. The flushing liquid is of a known pH and is utilized to check performance of the probe. 1 fig.

  6. Environmental monitoring at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. 1982 annual report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Griggs, K.S.; Gonzalez, M.A.; Buddemeier, R.W.

    1983-03-14

    Environmental monitoring efforts spanned air, water, vegetation and foodstuffs, and radiation doses. Monitoring data collection, analysis, and evaluation are presented for air, soils, sewage, water, vegetation and foodstuffs, milk, and general environmental radioactivity. Non-radioactive monitoring addresses beryllium, chemical effluents in sewage, noise pollution, and storm runoff and liquid discharge site pollutants. Quality assurance efforts are addressed. Five appendices present tabulated data; environmental activity concentration; dose calculation method; discharge limits to sanitary sewer systems of Livermore; and sampling and analytical procedures for environmental monitoring. (PSB)

  7. Butyl acetate replaces toluene to remove phenol from water

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hodel, A.E.

    1993-03-01

    Plastics Engineering Co. manufactures phenol formaldehyde resins and molding compounds at a plant in Sheboygan, WI. Process water from the plant, containing 7% phenol and 1% methanol, requires treatment prior to discharge to the sewer. Toluene was used as a solvent in a countercurrent liquid-liquid extraction column. A vacuum distillation of the extract separated the phenol and toluene. The raffinate (1% methanol, 98% water and 1% toluene) was stripped to recover the toluene and remove methanol from the bottoms prior to discharge. Methanol was not recovered. Disposal costs for the waste methanol (with about 10% toluene as an azeotrope) were high.

  8. Portable wastewater flow meter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hunter, Robert M. (320 S. Wilson Ave., Bozeman, MT 59715)

    1999-02-02

    A portable wastewater flow meter particularly adapted for temporary use at a single location in measuring the rate of liquid flow in a circular entrance conduit of a sewer manhole both under free flow and submerged, open channel conditions and under fill pipe, surcharged conditions, comprising an apparatus having a cylindrical external surface and an inner surface that constricts the flow through the apparatus in such a manner that a relationship exists between (1) the difference between the static pressure head of liquid flowing through the entrance of the apparatus and the static pressure head of liquid flowing through the constriction, and (2) the rate of liquid flow through the apparatus.

  9. Portable wastewater flow meter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hunter, Robert M. (320 S. Wilson Ave., Bozeman, MT 59715)

    1990-01-01

    A portable wastewater flow meter particularly adapted for temporary use at a single location in measuring the rate of liquid flow in a circular entrance conduit of a sewer manhole both under free flow and submerged, open channel conditions and under full pipe, surcharged conditions, comprising an apparatus having a cylindrical external surface and an inner surface that constricts the flow through the apparatus in such a manner that a relationship exists between (1) the difference between the static pressure head of liquid flowing through the entrance of the apparatus and the static pressure head of liquid flowing through the constriction, and (2) the rate of liquid flow through the apparatus.

  10. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1995 site environmental report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balgobin, D.; Javandel, I.; Lackner, G.; Smith, C.; Thorson, P.; Tran, H.

    1996-07-01

    The 1995 Site Environmental Report summarizes environmental activities at the Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) for the 1995 calendar year. The report strives to present environmental data in a manner that characterizes the performance and compliance status of the environmental management programs. The report also discusses significant highlights and plans of these programs. Topics discussed include: environmental monitoring, environmental compliance programs, air quality, water quality, ground water protection, sanitary sewer monitoring, soil and sediment quality, vegetation and foodstuffs monitoring, and special studies which include preoperational monitoring of building 85 and 1995 sampling results, radiological dose assessment, and quality assessment.

  11. Compiled 11/ 14/ 2011 by OPBA. These assumptions are for modeling purposes only. They are subject to change. Page 1 of 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vonessen, Nikolaus

    .1 Electricity 2% 2% 231.7 3.7 Fuel Oil 9% 8% 240.8 3.9 Natural Gas -25% 0% 253.1 5.1 Lab Gas 0% 0% 260.3 2.8 Water 3% 3% 273.2 5.0 Sewer 6% 5% 279.3 2.2 Garbage 4% 4% 281.8 0.9 *FY13 based on projections dated 6.03% 18.46% 3.33% 5.54% Higher Education Price Index (HEPI)* Utility Assumptions Fiscal Year 2002 3,679 3

  12. ENERGY EFFICIENCY UPGRADES FOR SANITATION FACILITIES IN SELAWIK, AK FINAL REPORT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    POLLIS, REBECCA

    2014-10-17

    The Native Village of Selawik is a federally recognized Alaskan tribe, located at the mouth of the Selawik River, about 90 miles east of Kotzebue in northwest Alaska. Due to the community’s rural location and cold climate, it is common for electric rates to be four times higher than the cost urban residents pay. These high energy costs were the driving factor for Selawik pursuing funding from the Department of Energy in order to achieve significant energy cost savings. The main objective of the project was to improve the overall energy efficiency of the water treatment/distribution and sewer collection systems in Selawik by implementing the retrofit measures identified in a previously conducted utility energy audit. One purpose for the proposed improvements was to enable the community to realize significant savings associated with the cost of energy. Another purpose of the upgrades was to repair the vacuum sewer system on the west side of Selawik to prevent future freeze-up problems during winter months.

  13. Technical Basis for Radiological Emergency Plan Annex for WTD Emergency Response Plan: West Point Treatment Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hickey, Eva E.; Strom, Daniel J.

    2005-08-01

    Staff of the King County Wastewater Treatment Division (WTD) have concern about the aftermath of a radiological dispersion event (RDE) leading to the introduction of significant quantities of radioactive material into the combined sanitary and storm sewer system in King County, Washington. Radioactive material could come from the use of a radiological dispersion device (RDD). RDDs include "dirty bombs" that are not nuclear detonations but are explosives designed to spread radioactive material (National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP) 2001). Radioactive material also could come from deliberate introduction or dispersion of radioactive material into the environment, including waterways and water supply systems. This document, Volume 3 of PNNL-15163 is the technical basis for the Annex to the West Point Treatment Plant (WPTP) Emergency Response Plan related to responding to a radiological emergency at the WPTP. The plan primarily considers response to radioactive material that has been introduced in the other combined sanitary and storm sewer system from a radiological dispersion device, but is applicable to any accidental or deliberate introduction of materials into the system.

  14. State waste discharge permit application, 200-E chemical drain field

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-06-01

    As part of the Hanford Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order negotiations (Ecology et al. 1994), the US Department of Energy, Richland Operations Office, the US Environmental Protection Agency, and the Washington State Department of Ecology agreed that liquid effluent discharges to the ground on the Hanford Site which affect groundwater or have the potential to affect ground would be subject to permitting under the structure of Chapter 173-216 (or 173-218 where applicable) of the Washington Administrative Code, the State Waste Discharge Permit Program. As a result of this decision, the Washington State Department of Ecology and the US Department of Energy, Richland Operations Office entered into Consent Order No. DE 91NM-177, (Ecology and DOE-RL 1991). The Consent Order No. DE 91NM-177 requires a series of permitting activities for liquid effluent discharges. This document presents the State Waste Discharge Permit (SWDP) application for the 200-E Chemical Drain Field. Waste water from the 272-E Building enters the process sewer line directly through a floor drain, while waste water from the 2703-E Building is collected in two floor drains, (north and south) that act as sumps and are discharged periodically. The 272-E and 2703-E Buildings constitute the only discharges to the process sewer line and the 200-E Chemical Drain Field.

  15. Co-combustion feasibility study. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Handcock, D.J.

    1995-01-01

    This report investigates the technical and economic feasibility of co-combusting municipal sewage sludge produced by the Saratoga County Sewer District No. 1 with paper mill sludge produced by the Cottrell Paper Company, Encore Paper Company, International Paper Company, Mohawk Paper Mills, and TAGSONS Papers at the Saratoga County Sewer District No. 1`s secondary wastewater treatment plant and recovering any available energy products. The co-combustion facility would consist of sludge and wood chip storage and conveying systems, belt filter presses, screw presses, fluidized-bed incinerators, venturi scrubbers and tray cooling systems, ash dewatering facilities, heat recovery steam generators, gas-fired steam superheaters, and a back-pressure steam turbine system. Clean waste wood chips would be used as an auxiliary fuel in the fluidized-bed incinerators. It is recommended that the ash produced by the proposed facility be beneficially used, potentially as a raw material in the manufacture of cement and/or as an interim barrier layer in landfills.

  16. Radiological assessment report for the University of Rochester Annex, 400 Elmwood Avenue, Rochester, New York, April-May 1984

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wynveen, R.A.; Smith, W.H.; Sholeen, C.M.; Flynn, K.F.

    1984-12-01

    In light of the results of the comprehensive radiological assessment of the annex and auxiliary facilities, the following conclusions can be made: There is no immediate hazard from the elevated levels of radioactivity detected; however, some of these levels are above criteria. The radon, thoron, actinon, long-lived particulates, and tritium in the air are all below criteria for unrestricted use. Some ductwork has been identified as being contaminated. All ductwork must, therefore, be considered potentially contaminated. Since several floor drains were found to exhibit elevated readings, and the samples had elevated concentrations of radionuclides, it must be concluded that the drain and sewer systems of the Annex are contaminated with radioactive material. Since the samples collected from the storm and sewer systems outside the building also had elevated concentrations of radionuclides, these systems are also considered contaminated with radioactive material. The grounds around the Annex have exhibited background concentrations of radionuclides. Two rooms, B-330 and B-332, were inaccessible for survey due to the presence of stored furniture and equipment. Therefore, no comment about their radiological status can be made. At the common baseboard for Room C-12 and C-16 and on the floor below the tile in Room C-40, contamination appeared to be masked by construction modifications. Other areas of the Annex must also be considered potentially contaminated where modifications may have masked the contamination.

  17. Environmental Applications of Interfacially Modified Mesoporous Ceramics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fryxell, Glen E.; Liu, Jun; Mattigod, Shas V.; Wang, Li Q.; Lin, Yuehe; Feng, Xiangdong; Hauser, Teresa A.; Gong, Meiling; G. T. Chandler and X. Feng

    2000-05-01

    Modern industry faces increasingly stringent regulation in effluent discharges. The ability to efficiently remove low concentrations of highly toxic components allows large quantities of treated wastewater to be discharged to sewer. The ability to selectively extract these highly toxic components and concentrate them down to a very small volume is a very cost effective waste minimization strategy. At PNNL, we have developed a new class of extremely high surface area, high loading capacity hybrid sorbent materials, called Self-Assembled Monolayers on Mesoporous Supports (SAMMS) that provide unprecedented capabilities in the binding of heavy metals (e.g. Hg, Pb, Cd), electroplating metals (e.g. Cu, Ni, Ag), and anions (e.g. chromate and arsenate), as well as other inorganic species of environmental concern. The unique design features of SAMMS will be discussed, as will the details of their synthesis and their sorbent capabilities.

  18. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory environmental report for 1990

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sims, J.M.; Surano, K.A.; Lamson, K.C.; Balke, B.K.; Steenhoven, J.C.; Schwoegler, D.R.

    1990-01-01

    This report documents the results of the Environmental Monitoring Program at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and presents summary information about environmental compliance for 1990. To evaluate the effect of LLNL operations on the local environment, measurements of direct radiation and a variety of radionuclides and chemical compounds in ambient air, soil, sewage effluent surface water, groundwater, vegetation, and foodstuff were made at both the Livermore site and at Site 300 nearly. LLNL's compliance with all applicable guides, standards, and limits for radiological and nonradiological emissions to the environment was evaluated. Aside from an August 13 observation of silver concentrations slightly above guidelines for discharges to the sanitary sewer, all the monitoring data demonstrated LLNL compliance with environmental laws and regulations governing emission and discharge of materials to the environment. In addition, the monitoring data demonstrated that the environmental impacts of LLNL are minimal and pose no threat to the public to or to the environment. 114 refs., 46 figs., 79 tabs.

  19. Guidance manual for the identification of hazardous wastes delivered to publicly owned treatment works by truck, rail, or dedicated pipe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1987-06-01

    The manual is directed towards two types of facilities: First, guidance is to POTWs that wish to preclude the entry of hazardous wastes into their facilities and avoid regulation and liability under RCRA. Administrative/technical recommendations for control of such wastes is provided, many of which are already in use by POTWs. Second, the responsibilities of POTWs that choose to accept hazardous wastes from truck, rail, or dedicated pipeline are discussed, including relevant regulatory provisions, strict liability and corrective action requirements for releases, and recommended procedures for waste acceptance/management. The manual describes the RCRA regulatory status of wastes that POTW operators typically may encounter. The manual includes a Waste Monitoring Plan. Appendices give the following: RCRA lists; RCRA listed hazardous wastes; examples of POTW sewer use ordinance language, waste hauler permit; waste tracking form, notification of hazardous waste activity; uniform hazardous waste manifest; biennial hazardous waste report; and state hazardous waste contacts.

  20. Remaining Sites Verification Package for the 100-F-26:13, 108-F Drain Pipelines, Waste Site Reclassification Form 2005-011

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    L. M. Dittmer

    2008-03-03

    The 100-F-26:13 waste site is the network of process sewer pipelines that received effluent from the 108-F Biological Laboratory and discharged it to the 188-F Ash Disposal Area (126-F-1 waste site). The pipelines included one 0.15-m (6-in.)-, two 0.2-m (8-in.)-, and one 0.31-m (12-in.)-diameter vitrified clay pipe segments encased in concrete. In accordance with this evaluation, the verification sampling results support a reclassification of this site to Interim Closed Out. The results of verification sampling demonstrated that residual contaminant concentrations do not preclude any future uses and allow for unrestricted use of shallow zone soils. The results also showed that residual contaminant concentrations are protective of groundwater and the Columbia River.

  1. A Systems Framework for Assessing Plumbing Products-Related Water Conservation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Williams, Alison; Dunham Whitehead, Camilla; Lutz, James

    2011-12-02

    Reducing the water use of plumbing products—toilets, urinals, faucets, and showerheads —has been a popular conservation measure. Improved technologies have created opportunities for additional conservation in this area. However, plumbing products do not operate in a vacuum. This paper reviews the literature related to plumbing products to determine a systems framework for evaluating future conservation measures using these products. The main framework comprises the following categories: water use efficiency, product components, product performance, source water, energy, and plumbing/sewer infrastructure. This framework for analysis provides a starting point for professionals considering future water conservation measures to evaluate the need for additional research, collaboration with other standards or codes committees, and attachment of additional metrics to water use efficiency (such as performance).

  2. Remaining Sites Verification Package for the 100-F-44:2, Discovery Pipeline Near 108-F Building, Waste Site Reclassification Form 2007-006

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. M. Capron

    2008-05-30

    The 100-F-44:2 waste site is a steel pipeline that was discovered in a junction box during confirmatory sampling of the 100-F-26:4 pipeline from December 2004 through January 2005. The 100-F-44:2 pipeline feeds into the 100-F-26:4 subsite vitrified clay pipe (VCP) process sewer pipeline from the 108-F Biology Laboratory at the junction box. In accordance with this evaluation, the confirmatory sampling results support a reclassification of this site to No Action. The current site conditions achieve the remedial action objectives and the corresponding remedial action goals established in the Remaining Sites ROD. The results of confirmatory sampling show that residual contaminant concentrations do not preclude any future uses and allow for unrestricted use of shallow zone soils. The results also demonstrate that residual contaminant concentrations are protective of groundwater and the Columbia River.

  3. Elevated tritium levels at the World Trade Center

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Semkow, Thomas M.; Hafner, Ronald S.; Parekh, Pravin P.; Wozniak, Gordon J.; Haines, Douglas K.; Husain, Liaquat; Rabun, Robert L.; Williams, Philip G.

    2002-05-14

    Traces of tritiated water (HTO) were detected at [the]World Trade Center (WTC) ground zero after the 9/11/01 terrorist attack. A method of ultralow-background liquid scintillation counting was used after distilling HTO from the samples. A water sample from the WTC sewer, collected on 9/13/01, contained 0.174 plus or minus 0.074 (2s) nCi/L of HTO. A split water sample, collected on 9/21/01 from the basement of WTC Building 6, contained 3.53 plus or minus 0.17 and 2.83 plus or minus 0.15 nCi/L, respectively. Several water and vegetation samples were analyzed from areas outside the ground zero, located in Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, and Kensico Reservoir. No HTO above the background was found in those samples. All these results are well below the levels of concern to human exposure.

  4. Finding of no significant impact proposed corrective action for the Northeast Site at the Pinellas Plant in Largo, Florida

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-06-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has prepared an Environmental Assessment (EA) (DOE/EA-0976) of the proposed corrective action for the Northeast Site at the Pinellas Plant in Largo, Florida. The Northeast Site contains contaminated groundwater that would be removed, treated, and discharged to the Pinellas County Sewer System. Based on the analyses in the EA, the DOE has determined that the proposed action is not a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment, within the meaning of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA), 42 U.S.C.4321 et.seq. Therefore, the preparation of an environmental impact statement is not required and the DOE is issuing this Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI).

  5. Environmental monitoring at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. 1984 annual report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Griggs, K.S.; Myers, D.S.; Buddemeier, R.W.

    1985-02-01

    A strict effluent-control program that emphasizes controlling effluents at the source has been in effect since LLNL began operation. The Environmental Monitoring program evaluates the effectiveness of these measures, documents whether effluents from LLNL and Site 300 operations are within applicable standards, and estimates the impact of these operations on the environment. Sensitive monitoring equipment is used that can detect radioactive and nonradioactive pollutants at environmental background levels. The program includes the collection and analysis of air, soil, water, sewer effluent, vegetation, foodstuffs, and milk samples. Also, environmental background radiation is measured at numerous locations in the vicinity of LLNL using gamma and neutron dosimeters. This report summarizes the results of the 1984 program. 28 refs, 25 figs., 40 tabs.

  6. Local drainage analyses of the Paducah and Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plants during an extreme storm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, R.O.; Wang, J.C.; Lee, D.W.

    1993-11-01

    Local drainage analyses have been performed for the Paducah and Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plants during an extreme storm having an approximate 10,000-yr recurrence interval. This review discusses the methods utilized to accomplish the analyses in accordance with US Department of Energy (DOE) design and evaluation guidelines, and summarizes trends, results, generalizations, and uncertainties applicable to other DOE facilities. Results indicate that some culverts may be undersized, and that the storm sewer system cannot drain the influx of precipitation from the base of buildings. Roofs have not been designed to sustain ponding when the primary drainage system is clogged. Some underground tunnels, building entrances, and ground level air intakes may require waterproofing.

  7. Interim progress report addendun - environmental geophysics: Building E5032 decommissioning, Aberdeen Proving Ground, January 1994 resurvey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thompson, M.D.; McGinnis, L.D.; Benson, M.A.; Borden, H.M.; Padar, C.A.

    1994-12-01

    Geophysical surveying around Building E5032 using three new continuously recording geophysical instruments - two types of electromagnetic induction instruments and a cesium vapor magnetometer that were unavailable at the time of the original survey - has provided additional information for defining the location of buried debris, vaults, tanks, and the drainage/sump system near the building. The dominant geophysical signature around Building E5032 consists of a complex pattern of linear magnetic, electrical-conductivity, and electromagnetic field anomalies that appear to be associated with drainage/sewer systems, ditches, past railway activity, the location for Building T5033 (old number 99A), and the probable location of Building 91. Integrated analysis of data acquired using the three techniques, plus a review of the existing ground-penetrating-radar data, allow a more thorough definition of the sources for the observed anomalies.

  8. Evaluation of contaminant flux rates from sediments of Sinclair Inlet, WA, using a benthic flux sampling device. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chadwick, D.B.; Lieberman, S.H.; Reimers, C.E.; Young, D.

    1993-02-01

    A Benthic Flux Sampling Device (BFSD) was demonstrated on site to determine the mobility of contaminants in sediments off the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard (PSNS) in Sinclair Inlet, WA. Quantification of toxicant flux from the sediments will support ongoing assessment studies and facilitate the design of appropriate remediation strategies, if required. In general, where release of contaminants was found, the measured rates do not represent a significant source relative to other major inputs such as sewer discharges, nonpoint source runoff, and marinas. They may, however, represent an exposure pathway for benthic biota with a subsequent potential for toxicological effects and/or bioaccumulation. Environmental assessment, CIVAPP:Toxicity, CIVAPP:Marine chemistry, Hazardous waste.

  9. Anaerobic Digestion and Combined Heat and Power Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frank J. Hartz; Rob Taylor; Grant Davies

    2011-12-30

    One of the underlying objectives of this study is to recover the untapped energy in wastewater biomass. Some national statistics worth considering include: (1) 5% of the electrical energy demand in the US is used to treat municipal wastewater; (2) This carbon rich wastewater is an untapped energy resource; (3) Only 10% of wastewater treatment plants (>5mgd) recover energy; (4) Wastewater treatment plants have the potential to produce > 575 MW of energy nationwide; and (5) Wastewater treatment plants have the potential to capture an additional 175 MW of energy from waste Fats, Oils and Grease. The WSSC conducted this study to determine the feasibility of utilizing anaerobic digestion and combined heat and power (AD/CHP) and/or biosolids gasification and drying facilities to produce and utilize renewable digester biogas. Digester gas is considered a renewable energy source and can be used in place of fossil fuels to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The project focus includes: (1) Converting wastewater Biomass to Electricity; (2) Using innovative technologies to Maximize Energy Recovery; and (3) Enhancing the Environment by reducing nutrient load to waterways (Chesapeake Bay), Sanitary Sewer Overflows (by reducing FOG in sewers) and Greenhouse Gas Emissions. The study consisted of these four tasks: (1) Technology screening and alternative shortlisting, answering the question 'what are the most viable and cost effective technical approaches by which to recover and reuse energy from biosolids while reducing disposal volume?'; (2) Energy recovery and disposal reduction potential verification, answering the question 'how much energy can be recovered from biosolids?'; (3) Economic environmental and community benefit analysis, answering the question 'what are the potential economic, environmental and community benefits/impacts of each approach?'; and (4) Recommend the best plan and develop a concept design.

  10. Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan (SWPPP) for Coal Storage Area Stabilization Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Project and Design Engineering

    2011-03-01

    The scope of this project is to stabilize the abandoned coal storage area and redirect the storm water runoff from sanitary sewer system to the storm drain system. Currently, the existing storm water runoff is directed to a perimeter concrete drainage swale and collected in a containment basin. The collected water is then pumped to a treatment facility and after treatment, is discharged to the Y-12 sanitary sewer system. The existing drainage swale and collection basin along with silt fencing will be used during aggregate placement and grading to provide erosion and sediment control. Inlet protection will also be installed around existing structures during the storm water diversion construction. This project scope will include the installation of a non-woven geotextile fabric and compacted mineral aggregate base (paving optional) to stabilize the site. The geotextile specifications are provided on the vendor cut sheets in Appendix B. The installation of a storm water collection/retention area will also be installed on the southern side of the site in accordance with EPA Technical Guidance on Implementing the Stormwater Runoff Requirements for federal Projects under Section 438 of the Energy Independence and Security Act. The total area to be disturbed is approximately 2.5 acres. The order of activities for this Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan (SWPPP) will be: (1) post notice of coverage (NOC) in a prominent display near entrance of the site; (2) install rain gauge on site or contact Y-12 Plant Shift Superintendent daily for Met tower rain gauge readings; (3) install stabilized construction exit on site; (4) install silt fencing along perimeter as indicated on the attached site plan; (5) regrade site; (6) install geotextile fabric and compacted mineral aggregate base; (7) install catch basin inlet protection where required; (8) excavate and lower existing catch basin tops, re-grade and asphalt to drain; and (9) when all disturbed areas are re-stabilized, remove silt fencing and any other temporary erosion control.

  11. Facility Effluent Monitoring Plan for Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Balance-of-Plant Facilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ballinger, Marcel Y.; Gervais, Todd L.

    2004-11-15

    The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) operates a number of Research & Development (R&D) facilities for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) on the Hanford Site. Facility effluent monitoring plans (FEMPs) have been developed to document the facility effluent monitoring portion of the Environmental Monitoring Plan (DOE 2000) for the Hanford Site. Three of PNNL’s R&D facilities, the 325, 331, and 3720 Buildings, are considered major emission points for radionuclide air sampling, and individual FEMPs were developed for these facilities in the past. In addition, a balance-of-plant (BOP) FEMP was developed for all other DOE-owned, PNNL-operated facilities at the Hanford Site. Recent changes, including shutdown of buildings and transition of PNNL facilities to the Office of Science, have resulted in retiring the 3720 FEMP and combining the 331 FEMP into the BOP FEMP. This version of the BOP FEMP addresses all DOE-owned, PNNL-operated facilities at the Hanford Site, excepting the Radiochemical Processing Laboratory, which has its own FEMP because of the unique nature of the building and operations. Activities in the BOP facilities range from administrative to laboratory and pilot-scale R&D. R&D activities include both radioactive and chemical waste characterization, fluid dynamics research, mechanical property testing, dosimetry research, and molecular sciences. The mission and activities for individual buildings are described in Appendix A. Potential radioactive airborne emissions in the BOP facilities are estimated annually using a building inventory-based approach provided in federal regulations. Sampling at individual BOP facilities is based on a potential-to-emit assessment. Some of these facilities are considered minor emission points and thus are sampled routinely, but not continuously, to confirm the low emission potential. One facility, the 331 Life Sciences Laboratory, has a major emission point and is sampled continuously. Sampling systems are located downstream of control technologies and just before discharge to the atmosphere. The need for monitoring airborne emissions of hazardous chemicals is established in the Hanford Site Air Operating Permit and in notices of construction. Based on the current potential-to-emit, the Hanford Site Air Operating Permit does not contain general monitoring requirements for BOP facilities. However, the permit identifies monitoring requirements for specific projects and buildings. Needs for future monitoring will be established by future permits issued pursuant to the applicable state and federal regulations. A number of liquid-effluent discharge systems serve the BOP facilities: sanitary sewer, process sewer, retention process sewer, and aquaculture system. Only the latter system discharges to the environment; the rest either discharge to treatment plants or to long-term storage. Routine compliance sampling of liquid effluents is only required at the Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory. Liquid effluents from other BOP facilities may be sampled or monitored to characterize facility effluents or to investigate discharges of concern. Effluent sampling and monitoring for the BOP facilities depends on the inventories, activities, and environmental permits in place for each facility. A description of routine compliance monitoring for BOP facilities is described in the BOP FEMP.

  12. Status report on the geology of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory site and adjacent areas. Volume I. Text and appendices A-E

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carpenter, D.W.; Puchlik, K.P.; Ramirez, A.L.; Wagoner, J.L.; Knauss, K.G.; Kasameyer, P.W.

    1980-10-01

    In April, 1979, geoscience personnel at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) initiated comprehensive geologic, seismologic, and hydrologic investigations of the LLNL site and nearby areas. These investigations have two objectives: 1. to obtain data for use in preparing a Final Environmental Impact Report for LLNL, pursuant to the National Environmental Policy Act; 2. to obtain data for use in improving the determination of a design basis earthquake for structural analysis of LLNL facilities. The first phases of these investigations have been completed. Work completed to date includes a comprehensive literature review, analyses of three sets of aerial photographs, reconnaissance geophysical surveys, examination of existing LLNL site borehole data, and the logging of seven exploratory trenches, segments of two sewer trenches, a deep building foundation excavation, a road cut, and an enlarged creek bank exposure. One absolute age date has been obtained by the /sup 14/C method and several dates of pedogenic carbonate formation have been obtained by the /sup 230/Th//sup 234/U method. A seismic monitoring network has been established, and planning for a site hydrologic monitoring program and strong motion instrument network has been completed. The seismologic and hydrologic investigations are beyond the scope of this report and will be discussed separately in future documents.

  13. Solid Waste Operations Complex W-113, Detail Design Report (Title II). Volume 3: Specifications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-09-01

    The Solid Waste Retrieval Facility--Phase 1 (Project W113) will provide the infrastructure and the facility required to retrieve from Trench 04, Burial ground 4C, contact handled (CH) drums and boxes at a rate that supports all retrieved TRU waste batching, treatment, storage, and disposal plans. This includes (1) operations related equipment and facilities, viz., a weather enclosure for the trench, retrieval equipment, weighing, venting, obtaining gas samples, overpacking, NDE, NDA, shipment of waste and (2) operations support related facilities, viz., a general office building, a retrieval staff change facility, and infrastructure upgrades such as supply and routing of water, sewer, electrical power, fire protection, roads, and telecommunication. Title I design for the operations related equipment and facilities was performed by Raytheon/BNFL, and that for the operations support related facilities including infrastructure upgrade was performed by KEH. These two scopes were combined into an integrated W113 Title II scope that was performed by Raytheon/BNFL. Volume 3 is a compilation of the construction specifications that will constitute the Title II materials and performance specifications. This volume contains CSI specifications for non-equipment related construction material type items, performance type items, and facility mechanical equipment items. Data sheets are provided, as necessary, which specify the equipment overall design parameters.

  14. Solid Waste Operations Complex W-113, Detail Design Report (Title II). Volume 4: Project cost estimate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-09-01

    The Solid Waste Retrieval Facility--Phase 1 (Project W113) will provide the infrastructure and the facility required to retrieve from Trench 04, Burial ground 4C, contact handled (CH) drums and boxes at a rate that supports all retrieved TRU waste batching, treatment, storage, and disposal plans. This includes (1) operations related equipment and facilities, viz., a weather enclosure for the trench, retrieval equipment, weighing, venting, obtaining gas samples, overpacking, NDE, NDA, shipment of waste and (2) operations support related facilities, viz., a general office building, a retrieval staff change facility, and infrastructure upgrades such as supply and routing of water, sewer, electrical power, fire protection, roads, and telecommunication. Title I design for the operations related equipment and facilities was performed by Raytheon/BNFL, and that for the operations support related facilities including infrastructure upgrade was performed by KEH. These two scopes were combined into an integrated W113 Title II scope that was performed by Raytheon/BNFL. This volume represents the total estimated costs for the W113 facility. Operating Contractor Management costs have been incorporated as received from WHC. The W113 Facility TEC is $19.7 million. This includes an overall project contingency of 14.4% and escalation of 17.4%. A January 2001 construction contract procurement start date is assumed.

  15. Demonstration of anaerobic biogas digesters in developing countries. Part III. The Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Simpson, M.H.; Morales, E.C.

    1980-03-01

    The main theme of this series of articles is that ours is now a world-wide society, short on meeting needs for energy yet long on waste from our industrial, agricultural and human consumption processes. This is a study report about developments in the Philippines where waste management has been recognized and considered as an important practical source of energy. This is revealed by several reports of the number of biogas plants in operation in this country. According to the July 31, 1977 survey made by the Philippines Bureau of Animal Industries, 200 biogas plants were then installed and in operation of which 46 were government-owned and 154 privately-owned. More have been installed since then. This report presents some of the operating observations and developments from the joint engineering analyses project of the Philippines Bureau of Animal Industry, Man and the Biosphere Inter-Agency Committee on Ecological Studies, Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources and the National Institute of Science and Technology. The project's main objective was to show that establishing a biogas plant involves not only the production of a methane gas mixture but the integration of its other products as part of a system (i.e., using effluent water from the biogas digester for production of algae chlorell sp. for livestock and poultry feed, production of fish and fertilizing-irrigating of pasture and vegetable plots.). Housing development sewer systems with added biogas generators are also discussed.

  16. Analysis of fecal coliform levels at selected storm water monitoring points at the Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Skaggs, B.E.

    1995-07-01

    The Environmental Protection Agency staff published the final storm water regulation on November 16, 1990. The storm water regulation is included in the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) regulations. It specifies the permit application requirements for certain storm water discharges such as industrial activity or municipal separate storm sewers serving populations of 100,000 or greater. Storm water discharge associated with industrial activity is discharge from any conveyance used for collecting and conveying storm water that is directly related to manufacturing, processing, or raw material storage areas at an industrial plant. Quantitative testing data is required for these discharges. An individual storm water permit application was completed and submitted to Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation (TDEC) personnel in October 1992. After reviewing this data in the permit application, TDEC personnel expressed concern with the fecal coliform levels at many of the outfalls. The 1995 NPDES Permit (Part 111-N, page 44) requires that an investigation be conducted to determine the validity of this data. If the fecal coliform data is valid, the permit requires that a report be submitted indicating possible causes and proposed corrective actions.

  17. Solid Waste Operations Complex W-113, Detail Design Report (Title II). Volume 1: Title II design report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-09-01

    The Solid Waste Retrieval Facility--Phase 1 (Project W113) will provide the infrastructure and the facility required to retrieve from Trench 04, Burial ground 4C, contact handled (CH) drums and boxes at a rate that supports all retrieved TRU waste batching, treatment, storage, and disposal plans. This includes (1) operations related equipment and facilities, viz., a weather enclosure for the trench, retrieval equipment, weighing, venting, obtaining gas samples, overpacking, NDE, NDA, shipment of waste and (2) operations support related facilities, viz., a general office building, a retrieval staff change facility, and infrastructure upgrades such as supply and routing of water, sewer, electrical power, fire protection, roads, and telecommunication. Title I design for the operations related equipment and facilities was performed by Raytheon/BNFL, and that for the operations support related facilities including infrastructure upgrade was performed by KEH. These two scopes were combined into an integrated W113 Title II scope that was performed by Raytheon/BNFL. Volume 1 provides a comprehensive narrative description of the proposed facility and systems, the basis for each of the systems design, and the engineering assessments that were performed to support the technical basis of the Title II design. The intent of the system description presented is to provide WHC an understanding of the facilities and equipment provided and the A/E`s perspective on how these systems will operate.

  18. Landlord Program multi-year program plan fiscal year 1995 WBS 7.5

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Young, C.L.

    1994-09-26

    The Landlord Program mission is to maintain, preserve, or upgrade the strategic assets of the Hanford Site to meet the overall cleanup mission. This encompasses innovative, appropriate, and cost effective general purpose infrastructure support, services, and long range strategic site planning that is the foundation for seven major Hanford programs. These programs are (1) Environmental Restoration, (2) Tank Waste Remediation System, (3) Solid/Liquid Waste Decontamination, (4) Facility Transition, (5) Spent Fuel, (6) Technology Development, and (7) the Multi-Program Laboratory. General infrastructure support consists of facilities, systems, and equipment that by design or use are not essentially dedicated to a single program mission. Facilities include laboratories, shops, warehouses, and general work space. Systems include electrical, process sewers, rail, roads, telecommunications, water, fire and emergency response, and steam supply and distribution. Funding also supports capital equipment critical to maintaining, upgrading, or operating the general infrastructure. Paramount to these objectives is compliance with all applicable laws, orders, agreements, codes, standards, best management and safety practices. The objectives for general infrastructure support are reflected in five programmatic functions, (1) Program Integration, (2) Capital Equipment, (3) Expense Funded Projects, (4) General Plant Projects, and (5) Line Items.

  19. Evaluation of Residential Hot Water Distribution Ssytems by Numeric Simulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wendt, ROBERT

    2005-08-17

    The objective of this project was to evaluate the performance and economics of various domestic hot water distribution systems in representative California residences. While the greatest opportunities for improved efficiency occur in new construction, significant improvements can also be made in some existing distribution systems. Specific objectives of the project tasks were: (1) Simulate potential energy savings of, perform cost-benefit analyses of, and identify market barriers to alternative new systems. (2) Simulate potential energy savings of, perform cost-benefit analyses of, and identify market barriers to maintenance, repair, and retrofit modifications of existing systems. (3) Evaluate potential impact of adopting alternative hot water distribution systems and report project findings. The outcome of this project is to provide homeowners, homebuilders, systems suppliers, municipal code officials and utility providers (both electric and water/sewer) with a neutral, independent, third party, cost-benefit analysis of alternative hot water distribution systems for use in California. The results will enable these stakeholders to make informed decisions regarding which system is most appropriate for use.

  20. Environmental assessment for effluent reduction, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-09-11

    The Department of Energy (DOE) proposes to eliminate industrial effluent from 27 outfalls at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The Proposed Action includes both simple and extensive plumbing modifications, which would result in the elimination of industrial effluent being released to the environment through 27 outfalls. The industrial effluent currently going to about half of the 27 outfalls under consideration would be rerouted to LANL`s sanitary sewer system. Industrial effluent from other outfalls would be eliminated by replacing once-through cooling water systems with recirculation systems, or, in a few instances, operational changes would result in no generation of industrial effluent. After the industrial effluents have been discontinued, the affected outfalls would be removed from the NPDES Permit. The pipes from the source building or structure to the discharge point for the outfalls may be plugged, or excavated and removed. Other outfalls would remain intact and would continue to discharge stormwater. The No Action alternative, which would maintain the status quo for LANL`s outfalls, was also analyzed. An alternative in which industrial effluent would be treated at the source facilities was considered but dismissed from further analysis because it would not reasonably meet the DOE`s purpose for action, and its potential environmental effects were bounded by the analysis of the Proposed Action and the No Action alternatives.

  1. Sources and management of hazardous waste in Papua New Guinea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Singh, K.

    1996-12-31

    Papua New Guinea (PNG) has considerable mineral wealth, especially in gold and copper. Large-scale mining takes place, and these activities are the source of most of PNG`s hazardous waste. Most people live in small farming communities throughout the region. Those living adjacent to mining areas have experienced some negative impacts from river ecosystem damage and erosion of their lands. Industry is centered mainly in urban areas and Generates waste composed of various products. Agricultural products, pesticide residues, and chemicals used for preserving timber and other forestry products also produce hazardous waste. Most municipal waste comes from domestic and commercial premises; it consists mainly of combustibles, noncombustibles, and other wastes. Hospitals generate pathogenic organisms, radioactive materials, and chemical and pharmaceutical laboratory waste. Little is known about the actual treatment of waste before disposal in PNG. Traditional low-cost waste disposal methods are usually practiced, such as use of landfills; storage in surface impoundments; and disposal in public sewers, rivers, and the sea. Indiscriminate burning of domestic waste in backyards is also commonly practiced in urban and rural areas. 10 refs., 4 tabs.

  2. Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 151: Septic Systems and Discharge Area, Nevada Test Site, Nevada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NSTec Environmental Restoration

    2008-04-01

    Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 151 is identified in the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO) as Septic Systems and Discharge Area. CAU 151 consists of the following eight Corrective Action Sites (CASs), located in Areas 2, 12, and 18 of the Nevada Test Site, approximately 65 miles northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada: (1) CAS 02-05-01, UE-2ce Pond; (2) CAS 12-03-01, Sewage Lagoons (6); (3) CAS 12-04-01, Septic Tanks; (4) CAS 12-04-02, Septic Tanks; (5) CAS 12-04-03, Septic Tank; (6) CAS 12-47-01, Wastewater Pond; (7) CAS 18-03-01, Sewage Lagoon; and (8) CAS 18-99-09, Sewer Line (Exposed). CAU 151 closure activities were conducted according to the FFACO (FFACO, 1996; as amended February 2008) and the Corrective Action Plan for CAU 151 (U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office, 2007) from October 2007 to January 2008. The corrective action alternatives included no further action, clean closure, and closure in place with administrative controls. CAU 151 closure activities are summarized in Table 1. Closure activities generated liquid remediation waste, sanitary waste, hydrocarbon waste, and mixed waste. Waste generated was appropriately managed and disposed. Waste that is currently staged onsite is being appropriately managed and will be disposed under approved waste profiles in permitted landfills. Waste minimization activities included waste characterization sampling and segregation of waste streams. Some waste exceeded land disposal restriction limits and required offsite treatment prior to disposal. Other waste meeting land disposal restrictions was disposed of in appropriate onsite or offsite landfills. Waste disposition documentation is included as Appendix C.

  3. VOCs in Non-Arid Soils Integrated Demonstration: Technology summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-02-01

    The Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) in Non-Arid Soils Integrated Demonstration (ID) was initiated in 1989. Objectives for the ID were to test the integrated demonstration concept, demonstrate and evaluate innovative technologies/systems for the remediation of VOC contamination in soils and groundwater, and to transfer technologies and systems to internal and external customers for use in fullscale remediation programs. The demonstration brought together technologies from DOE laboratories, other government agencies, and industry for demonstration at a single test bed. The Savannah River Site was chosen as the location for this ID as the result of having soil and groundwater contaminated with VOCS. The primary contaminants, trichlorethylene and tetrachloroethylene, originated from an underground process sewer line servicing a metal fabrication facility at the M-Area. Some of the major technical accomplishments for the ID include the successful demonstration of the following: In situ air stripping coupled with horizontal wells to remediate sites through air injection and vacuum extraction; Crosshole geophysical tomography for mapping moisture content and lithologic properties of the contaminated media; In situ radio frequency and ohmic heating to increase mobility, of the contaminants, thereby speeding recovery and the remedial process; High-energy corona destruction of VOCs in the off-gas of vapor recovery wells; Application of a Brayton cycle heat pump to regenerate carbon adsorption media used to trap VOCs from the offgas of recovery wells; In situ permeable flow sensors and the colloidal borescope to determine groundwater flow; Chemical sensors to rapidly quantify chlorinated solvent contamination in the subsurface; In situ bioremediation through methane/nutrient injection to enhance degradation of contaminants by methanotrophic bateria.

  4. Selective leaching of uranium from uranium-contaminated soils: Progress report 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Francis, C.W.; Mattus, A.J.; Farr, L.L.; Elless, M.P.; Lee, S.Y.

    1993-02-01

    Three soils and a sediment contaminated with uranium were used to determine the effectiveness of sodium carbonate and citric acid leaching to decontaminated or remove uranium to acceptable regulatory levels. Two of the soils were surface soils from the DOE facility formerly called the Feed Materials Production Center (FMPC) at Fernald, Ohio. This facility is presently called the Femald Environmental Management Project (FEMP). Carbonate extractions generally removed from 70 to 90% of the uranium from the Fernald storage pad soil. Uranium was slightly more difficult to extract from the Fernald incinerator and the Y-12 landfarm soils. Very small amounts of uranium could be extracted from the storm sewer sediment. Extraction with carbonate at high solution-to-soil ratios were as effective as extractions at low solution-to-soil ratios, indicating attrition by the paddle mixer was not significantly different than that provided in a rotary extractor. Also, pretreatments such as milling or pulverizing the soil sample did not appear to increase extraction efficiency when carbonate extractions were carried out at elevated temperatures (60[degree]C) or long extraction times (23 h). Adding KMnO[sub 4] in the carbonate extraction appeared to increase extraction efficiency from the Fernald incinerator soil but not the Fernald storage pad soil. The most effective leaching rates (> 90 % from both Fernald soils) were obtained using a citrate/dithionite extraction procedure designed to remove amorphous (noncrystalline) iron/aluminum sesquioxides from surfaces of clay minerals. Citric acid also proved to be a very good extractant for uranium.

  5. Selective leaching of uranium from uranium-contaminated soils: Progress report 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Francis, C.W.; Mattus, A.J.; Farr, L.L.; Elless, M.P.; Lee, S.Y.

    1993-02-01

    Three soils and a sediment contaminated with uranium were used to determine the effectiveness of sodium carbonate and citric acid leaching to decontaminated or remove uranium to acceptable regulatory levels. Two of the soils were surface soils from the DOE facility formerly called the Feed Materials Production Center (FMPC) at Fernald, Ohio. This facility is presently called the Femald Environmental Management Project (FEMP). Carbonate extractions generally removed from 70 to 90% of the uranium from the Fernald storage pad soil. Uranium was slightly more difficult to extract from the Fernald incinerator and the Y-12 landfarm soils. Very small amounts of uranium could be extracted from the storm sewer sediment. Extraction with carbonate at high solution-to-soil ratios were as effective as extractions at low solution-to-soil ratios, indicating attrition by the paddle mixer was not significantly different than that provided in a rotary extractor. Also, pretreatments such as milling or pulverizing the soil sample did not appear to increase extraction efficiency when carbonate extractions were carried out at elevated temperatures (60{degree}C) or long extraction times (23 h). Adding KMnO{sub 4} in the carbonate extraction appeared to increase extraction efficiency from the Fernald incinerator soil but not the Fernald storage pad soil. The most effective leaching rates (> 90 % from both Fernald soils) were obtained using a citrate/dithionite extraction procedure designed to remove amorphous (noncrystalline) iron/aluminum sesquioxides from surfaces of clay minerals. Citric acid also proved to be a very good extractant for uranium.

  6. Advances in technology for the construction of deep-underground facilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1987-12-31

    The workshop was organized in order to address technological issues important to decisions regarding the feasibility of strategic options. The objectives of the workshop were to establish the current technological capabilities for deep-underground construction, to project those capabilities through the compressed schedule proposed for construction, and to identify promising directions for timely allocation of existing research and development resources. The earth has been used as a means of protection and safekeeping for many centuries. Recently, the thickness of the earth cover required for this purpose has been extended to the 2,000- to 3,000-ft range in structures contemplated for nuclear-waste disposal, energy storage, and strategic systems. For defensive missile basing, it is now perceived that the magnitude of the threat has increased through better delivery systems, larger payloads, and variable tactics of attack. Thus, depths of 3,000 to 8,000 ft are being considered seriously for such facilities. Moreover, it appears desirable that the facilities be operational (if not totally complete) for defensive purposes within a five-year construction schedule. Deep excavations such as mines are similar in many respects to nearsurface tunnels and caverns for transit, rail, sewer, water, hydroelectric, and highway projects. But the differences that do exist are significant. Major distinctions between shallow and deep construction derive from the stress fields and behavior of earth materials around the openings. Different methodologies are required to accommodate other variations resulting from increased depth, such as elevated temperatures, reduced capability for site exploration, and limited access during project execution. This report addresses these and other questions devoted to geotechnical characterization, design, construction, and excavation equipment.

  7. National radiation exposures and risks caused by implementing EPA`s proposed revised national primary drinking water regulations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morris, S.C.; Rowe, M.D.; Holtzman, S.; Meinhold, A.F.

    1993-05-01

    This report estimates risks to workers and the public associated with treatment processes and their associated waste products that would be mandated under proposed regulations of radium, radon, and uranium in drinking water. Three scenarios were examined: (1) all wastes flushed to the sanitary sewer; (2) all wastes disposed on land; (3) similar to (2) but radon removal by granulated activated carbon rather than packed tower aeration. Risks considered included accidental injury and cancer. Worker risks for both scenarios I and II were estimated to be 0.025 and 0.01 deaths per year of operation for radium-226 and radium-228, respectively. Worker risks for uranium were estimated to be 0.13 deaths/year of operation for scenario I and 0.5 deaths/year of operation for scenario II. Worker risks for radon removal were estimated to be 1.7 deaths/year of operation for scenario I and 2.2 deaths/year of operation for scenario II. Risks to the public for scenarios I and II for radium-226 were 4 {times} 10{sup {minus}4} and for radium-228 were 9 {times} 10{sup {minus}5} deaths/year of operation. Risks to the public for scenarios I and II for uranium were 7.3 {times} 10{sup {minus}2} and 2 {times} 10{sup {minus}4}, respectively. Risks to the public for scenario I and II for radon were 24 deaths/year of operation and for scenario III were nil. Public risks were quantified only for people exposed during a year of operation. For example, effects of public exposures in future years via groundwater contamination associated with landfill of treatment waste were not considered.

  8. Installation restoration program. Final abbreviated site investigation site 3 and 4, sections 1 - 8. 158th Fighter Wing, Vermont Air National Guard, South Burlington, Vermont. Volume 1. Site Investigation report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-11-01

    This Abbreviated Site Investigation (ASI) Report presents the results of field investigation activities conducted by The Earth Technology Corporation (EARTH TECH) from August through October 1994 at Installation Restoration Program (IRP) Sites 3 and 4, located at Vermont Air National Guard (ANG) Base, South Burlington, Vermont, as requested by the Air National Guard Readiness Center. lRP Site 3 - Dry Well and nearby lRP Site 4 - Drainage Ditch Area are located in the north-central portion of the Vermont ANG Base, in the vicinity of the base petroleum, oil, and lubricants (POL) facility, and south of the northern base boundary adjacent to Poor Farm Road. Site 3 consists of an abandoned dry well located adjacent to the west wall of the transfer pump house (Building 205) at the base POL facility. Reportedly, as much as 20,000 gallons of Jet Propellant Number 4 (JP-4) fuel were discharged to the dry well from 1954 to 1984. Site 4 consists of a covered and open drainage ditch area, located immediately south of Poor Farm Road along the northern base boundary, northeast of Site 3. Excavation above the dry well in 1986 indicated JP-4 fuel contaminated soil. Prior to 1981, the ditch received surface water run-off from the flightline and parking apron areas, which periodically included fuel spills. A 2,000 gallon spill of JP-4 fuel at the POL facility in 1967 was the largest documented spill which drained into the ditch. Excavation for sanitary sewer lines in the western (covered) portion of the ditch in 1988 revealed JP-4 fuel contaminated soil.

  9. Opportunities for Automated Demand Response in Wastewater Treatment Facilities in California - Southeast Water Pollution Control Plant Case Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olsen, Daniel; Goli, Sasank; Faulkner, David; McKane, Aimee

    2012-12-20

    This report details a study into the demand response potential of a large wastewater treatment facility in San Francisco. Previous research had identified wastewater treatment facilities as good candidates for demand response and automated demand response, and this study was conducted to investigate facility attributes that are conducive to demand response or which hinder its implementation. One years' worth of operational data were collected from the facility's control system, submetered process equipment, utility electricity demand records, and governmental weather stations. These data were analyzed to determine factors which affected facility power demand and demand response capabilities The average baseline demand at the Southeast facility was approximately 4 MW. During the rainy season (October-March) the facility treated 40% more wastewater than the dry season, but demand only increased by 4%. Submetering of the facility's lift pumps and centrifuges predicted load shifts capabilities of 154 kW and 86 kW, respectively, with large lift pump shifts in the rainy season. Analysis of demand data during maintenance events confirmed the magnitude of these possible load shifts, and indicated other areas of the facility with demand response potential. Load sheds were seen to be possible by shutting down a portion of the facility's aeration trains (average shed of 132 kW). Load shifts were seen to be possible by shifting operation of centrifuges, the gravity belt thickener, lift pumps, and external pump stations These load shifts were made possible by the storage capabilities of the facility and of the city's sewer system. Large load reductions (an average of 2,065 kW) were seen from operating the cogeneration unit, but normal practice is continuous operation, precluding its use for demand response. The study also identified potential demand response opportunities that warrant further study: modulating variable-demand aeration loads, shifting operation of sludge-processing equipment besides centrifuges, and utilizing schedulable self-generation.

  10. Third Annual Report: 2006 Pre-Construction Eelgrass Monitoring and Propagation for King County Outfall Mitigation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Woodruff, Dana L.; Southard, Susan S.; Cullinan, Valerie I.; Kohn, Nancy P.; Anderson, Michael G.; Vavrinec, John

    2007-02-01

    King County proposes to build a new sewer outfall discharging to Puget Sound near Point Wells, Washington. Construction is scheduled for 2008. The Point Wells site was selected to minimize effects on the nearshore marine environment, but unavoidable impacts to eelgrass (Zostera marina) beds are anticipated during construction. To mitigate for these impacts and prepare for post-construction restoration, King County began implementation of a multi-year eelgrass monitoring and restoration program in 2004, with the primary goal of returning intertidal and shallow subtidal habitat and eelgrass to pre-construction conditions. Major program elements are a) pre-construction monitoring, i.e., documenting initial eelgrass conditions and degree of fluctuation over 5 years prior to construction, b) eelgrass transplanting, including harvesting, offsite propagating and stockpiling of local plantstock, and post-construction planting, and c) post-construction monitoring. The program is detailed in the Eelgrass Restoration and Biological Resources Implementation Workplan (King County 2006). This report describes calendar year 2006 pre-construction activities conducted by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) in support of King County. Activities included continued propagation of eelgrass shoots and monitoring of the experimental harvest plots in the marine outfall corridor area to evaluate recovery rates relative to harvest rates. Approximately 1500 additional shoots were harvested from the marine outfall corridor in August 2006 to supplement the plants in the propagation tank at the PNNL Marine Sciences Laboratory in Sequim, Washington, bringing the total number of shoots to 4732. Eelgrass densities were monitored in the five experimental harvest plots established in the marine outfall corridor. Changes in eelgrass density were evaluated in year-to-year comparisons with initial harvest rates. Net eelgrass density decreased from 2004 post-harvest to 2006 in all plots, despite density increases observed in 2005 in some plots and at some harvest rates. Eelgrass densities within individual subplots were highly variable from year to year, and the change in density in any interannual period did not correlate to the initial 2004 harvest rate. Continued monitoring should help project managers determine an optimum harvest rate that supports rapid recovery of donor eelgrass beds.

  11. Lower Three Runs Remediation Safety Preparation Strategy - 13318

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mackay, Alexander; Fryar, Scotty; Doane, Alan [United States Department of Energy, Building 730-B, Aiken, SC 29808 (United States)] [United States Department of Energy, Building 730-B, Aiken, SC 29808 (United States)

    2013-07-01

    The Savannah River Site (SRS) is a 310-square-mile United States Department of Energy (US DOE) nuclear facility located along the Savannah River near Aiken, South Carolina that contains six primary stream/river systems. The Lower Three Runs Stream (LTR) is one of the primary streams within the site that is located in the southeast portion of the Savannah River Site. It is a large blackwater stream system that originates in the northeast portion of SRS and follows a southerly direction before it enters the Savannah River. During reactor operations, secondary reactor cooling water, storm sewer discharges, and miscellaneous wastewater was discharged and contaminated a 20 mile stretch of Lower Three Runs Stream that narrows and provides a limited buffer of US DOE property along the stream and flood-plain. Based on data collected during the years 2009 and 2010 under American Recovery and Re-investment Act funding, the stream was determined to be contaminated with cesium-137 at levels that exceeded acceptable risk based limits. In agreement with the Environmental Protection Agency and the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control, three areas were identified for remediation [1] (SRNS April 2012). A comprehensive safety preparation strategy was developed for safe execution of the LTR remediation project. Contract incentives for safety encouraged the contractor to perform a complete evaluation of the work and develop an implementation plan to perform the work. The safety coverage was controlled to ensure all work was observed and assessed by one person per work area within the project. This was necessary due to the distances between the fence work and three transects being worked, approximately 20 miles. Contractor Management field observations were performed along with DOE assessments to ensure contractor focus on safe performance of the work. Dedicated ambulance coverage for remote worker work activities was provided. This effort was augmented with access to medical evacuation services. The areas where the work was performed were remote and difficult to get emergency vehicles to in a timely manner in case of an accident. Satellite phones were utilized due to intermittent phone coverage. High visibility vests were utilized to enable any hunters in the area to see the workers; due to the limited buffer areas along the stream route. An innovative approach to providing the necessary protection for workers during periods of extreme heat and humidity was also employed, which included the use of 'heat islands' with fans and crew trailers and ice vests for workers. (authors)

  12. Achieving Accelerated Cleanup of Cesium Contaminated Stream at the Savannah River Site; Collaboration between Stakeholders, Regulators, and the Federal Government - 13182

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bergren, Chris; Flora, Mary; Socha, Ron; Burch, Joseph [Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, LLC, Bldg. 730-4B, Aiken, SC 29808 (United States)] [Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, LLC, Bldg. 730-4B, Aiken, SC 29808 (United States); Freeman, Candice; Hennessey, Brian [United States Department of Energy, Bldg. 730-B, Aiken, SC 29808 (United States)] [United States Department of Energy, Bldg. 730-B, Aiken, SC 29808 (United States)

    2013-07-01

    The Savannah River Site (SRS) is a 310-square-mile United States Department of Energy (US DOE) nuclear facility located along the Savannah River near Aiken, South Carolina that contains six primary stream/river systems. The Lower Three Runs Stream (LTR) is one of the primary streams within the site that is located in the southeast portion of the Savannah River Site and is a large black water stream system that originates in the northeast portion of SRS and follows a southerly direction before it enters the Savannah River. During reactor operations, secondary reactor cooling water, storm sewer discharges, and miscellaneous wastewater was discharged and contaminated a 36 kilometer stretch of Lower Three Runs Stream that narrows providing a limited buffer of US DOE property along the stream and flood plain. Based on data collected during 2009 and 2010 under Recover Act Funding, the stream was determined to be contaminated with cesium-137 at levels that exceeded acceptable risk based limits. As efficiencies were realized within the SRS Recovery Act Program, funding was made available to design, permit and execute remediation of the LTR. This accelerated Project allowed for the remediation of 36 kilometers of LTR in only nine months from inception to completion, contributing significantly to the Foot Print Reduction of SRS. The scope consisted of excavation and disposal of more than 2064 cubic meters of contaminated soil, and installing 11 kilometers of fence and 2,000 signs at 1000 locations. Confirmatory sampling and analysis, and radiological surveying were performed demonstrating that soil concentrations met the cleanup goals. The project completed with a very good safety record considering the harsh conditions including, excessive rain in the early stages of the project, high summer temperatures, swampy terrain, snakes, wild boar, insects and dense vegetation. The regulatory approval process was compressed by over 75% and required significant efforts from SRS's stakeholders including the regulators, U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) and the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (SCDHEC), and the public including local property owners and the SRS Citizens Advisory Board. Stakeholder buy-in was critical in the up-front planning in order to achieve this challenging cleanup. (authors)

  13. Oak Ridge Cleanup Vision: Moving to the Future by Cleaning Up the Past - 13291

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cange, Susan M. [DOE Oak Ridge, P.O. Box 2001, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States)] [DOE Oak Ridge, P.O. Box 2001, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States); Wieland, Christopher C.; DePaoli, Susan M. [Pro2Serve, 1100 Bethel Valley Rd., Oak Ridge, TN 37830 (United States)] [Pro2Serve, 1100 Bethel Valley Rd., Oak Ridge, TN 37830 (United States)

    2013-07-01

    The Oak Ridge Office of Environmental Management (EM) strives to be the leader in the Department of Energy's (DOE's) EM Complex regarding successful and safe project execution and stakeholder interactions that yield positive results. EM's goal has been to become 'Investment Worthy' and, in order to accomplish that important objective, has also had to improve communications both within and outside of the Department. One of our most important missions is to assist the Department in achieving the sustainability goals set forth in Executive Order 13514. In this regard, EM's primary role is to return land to beneficial use and reduce energy impacts and maintenance costs by demolishing unneeded and deteriorating structures and remediating environmental contamination. Recent accomplishments toward meeting these goals include significant progress in the decontamination and demolition of the country's largest facility, the former K-25 Gaseous Diffusion Building, constructed in 1942 to enrich uranium to help end World War II; the disposition of the first phase of Uranium-233 material from the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) which involved the transfer of Zero Power Reactor Plates to the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA); and a host of other project successes associated with transuranic (TRU) waste processing, hot cell decontamination and demolition, remediation of highly contaminated soils and burial grounds, and removal of mercury from storm sewers and surface waters. With regard to successful stakeholder interactions, recent accomplishments include a new method for collaboration that has renewed EM's working relationship with the regulators, and success in completing an extensive consultation process with over a dozen parties on the historic preservation of the former Oak Ridge Gaseous Diffusion Plant, which is now called the East Tennessee Technology Park (ETTP). Regarding improved communications, EM has successfully revised Program priorities and has received buy-in from the leadership in Headquarters, the regulators, and the community. Issues EM was facing in 2009 are presented. Resulting lessons learned and subsequent changes that the Office has gone through in the past several years in order to improve performance in the safe execution of work, relationships with external stakeholders, and communications both internally and externally are discussed. Results of these efforts are provided as a summary of Program accomplishments, including a strong focus on the future. EM's motto, Moving to the Future by Cleaning up the Past, will be demonstrated through the Program's mission, which includes protecting the region's health and environment; ensuring the continuation of ongoing vital missions being conducted by DOE on the Oak Ridge Reservation; and making clean land available for future use at all three sites, with a near-term focus on Re-industrialization of ETTP. (authors)

  14. Remedial Investigation Report on the Abandoned Nitric Acid Pipeline at the Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant, Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Energy Systems Environmental Restoration Program; Y-12 Environmental Restoration Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-02-01

    Upper East Fork Poplar Creek Operable Unit 2 consists of the Abandoned Nitric Acid pipeline (ANAP). This pipeline was installed in 1951 to transport liquid wastes {approximately}4800 ft from Buildings 9212, 9215, and 9206 to the S-3 Ponds. Materials known to have been discharged through the pipeline include nitric acid, depleted and enriched uranium, various metal nitrates, salts, and lead skimmings. During the mid-1980s, sections of the pipeline were removed during various construction projects. A total of 19 locations were chosen to be investigated along the pipeline for the first phase of this Remedial Investigation. Sampling consisted of drilling down to obtain a soil sample at a depth immediately below the pipeline. Additional samples were obtained deeper in the subsurface depending upon the depth of the pipeline, the depth of the water table, and the point of auger refusal. The 19 samples collected below the pipeline were analyzed by the Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant`s laboratory for metals, nitrate/nitrite, and isotopic uranium. Samples collected from three boreholes were also analyzed for volatile organic compounds because these samples produced a response with organic vapor monitoring equipment. Uranium activities in the soil samples ranged from 0.53 to 13.0 pCi/g for {sup 238}U, from 0.075 to 0.75 pCi/g for {sup 235}U, and from 0.71 to 5.0 pCi/g for {sup 238}U. Maximum total values for lead, chromium, and nickel were 75.1 mg/kg, 56.3 mg/kg, and 53.0 mg/kg, respectively. The maximum nitrate/nitrite value detected was 32.0 mg-N/kg. One sample obtained adjacent to a sewer line contained various organic compounds, at least some of which were tentatively identified as fragrance chemicals commonly associated with soaps and cleaning solutions. The results of the baseline human health risk assessment for the ANAP contaminants of potential concern show no unacceptable risks to human health.

  15. Life cycle assessment of base-load heat sources for district heating system options

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ghafghazi, Saeed [University of British Columbia, Vancouver; Sowlati, T. [University of British Columbia, Vancouver; Sokhansanj, Shahabaddine [ORNL; Melin, Staffan [Delta Research Corporation

    2011-03-01

    Purpose There has been an increased interest in utilizing renewable energy sources in district heating systems. District heating systems are centralized systems that provide heat for residential and commercial buildings in a community. While various renewable and conventional energy sources can be used in such systems, many stakeholders are interested in choosing the feasible option with the least environmental impacts. This paper evaluates and compares environmental burdens of alternative energy source options for the base load of a district heating center in Vancouver, British Columbia (BC) using the life cycle assessment method. The considered energy sources include natural gas, wood pellet, sewer heat, and ground heat. Methods The life cycle stages considered in the LCA model cover all stages from fuel production, fuel transmission/transportation, construction, operation, and finally demolition of the district heating system. The impact categories were analyzed based on the IMPACT 2002+ method. Results and discussion On a life-cycle basis, the global warming effect of renewable energy options were at least 200 kgeqCO2 less than that of the natural gas option per MWh of heat produced by the base load system. It was concluded that less than 25% of the upstream global warming impact associated with the wood pellet energy source option was due to transportation activities and about 50% of that was resulted from wood pellet production processes. In comparison with other energy options, the wood pellets option has higher impacts on respiratory of inorganics, terrestrial ecotoxicity, acidification, and nutrification categories. Among renewable options, the global warming impact of heat pump options in the studied case in Vancouver, BC, were lower than the wood pellet option due to BC's low carbon electricity generation profile. Ozone layer depletion and mineral extraction were the highest for the heat pump options due to extensive construction required for these options. Conclusions Natural gas utilization as the primary heat source for district heat production implies environmental complications beyond just the global warming impacts. Diffusing renewable energy sources for generating the base load district heat would reduce human toxicity, ecosystem quality degradation, global warming, and resource depletion compared to the case of natural gas. Reducing fossil fuel dependency in various stages of wood pellet production can remarkably reduce the upstream global warming impact of using wood pellets for district heat generation.

  16. Fourth Annual Report: 2007 Pre-Construction Eelgrass Monitoring and Propagation for King County Outfall Mitigation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Woodruff, Dana L.; Kohn, Nancy P.; Cullinan, Valerie I.; Southard, Susan S.; Vavrinec, John

    2007-10-04

    King County proposes to build a new sewer outfall discharging to Puget Sound near Point Wells, Washington. Construction is scheduled for 2008. The Point Wells site was selected to minimize effects on the nearshore marine environment, but unavoidable impacts to eelgrass (Zostera marina) beds are anticipated during construction. To mitigate these impacts and prepare for post-construction restoration, King County began implementing a multiyear eelgrass monitoring and restoration program in 2004, with the primary goal of returning intertidal and shallow subtidal habitat and eelgrass to pre-construction conditions. Major program elements related to eelgrass are (a) pre-construction monitoring, i.e., documenting initial eelgrass conditions and degree of fluctuation over 5 years prior to construction, (b) eelgrass transplanting, including harvesting, offsite propagating, and stockpiling of local plants for post-construction planting, and (c) post-construction planting and subsequent monitoring. The program is detailed in the Eelgrass Restoration and Biological Resources Implementation Workplan (King County 2006). This report describes calendar year 2007 pre-construction activities conducted by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for King County. Activities included continued propagation of eelgrass shoots at the PNNL Marine Sciences Laboratory (MSL) in Sequim, Washington, and monitoring of the experimental harvest plots in the marine outfall corridor area to evaluate recovery rates relative to harvest rates. In addition, 490 eelgrass shoots were also harvested from the Marine Outfall Corridor in July 2007 to supplement the plants in the propagation tank at the MSL, bringing the total number of shoots to 1464. Eelgrass densities were monitored in four of five experimental harvest plots established in the Marine Outfall Corridor. Changes in eelgrass density were evaluated in year-to-year comparisons with initial harvest rates. A net increase in eelgrass density from 2004 post-harvest to 2007 was observed in all plots, despite density decreases observed in 2006 in all plots and at most harvest rates. Eelgrass densities within individual subplots were highly variable from year to year, and the change in density in any interannual period was not related to initial 2004 harvest rate. Harvest rates of neighboring subplots did not appear to affect subplot eelgrass density (Woodruff et al. 2007). Three years post-harvest, eelgrass shoot densities were not significantly different from pre-harvest shoot densities at any harvest level. Additional plans are being discussed with King County to harvest all eelgrass from the construction corridor and hold in the propagation tanks at the MSL for post-construction planting. Under this plan, plants that would have been lost to construction will be held offsite until construction is completed. This strategy reduces and possibly eliminates the need to harvest eelgrass from donor beds located south of the construction area, allowing them to remain undisturbed. However, if eelgrass is harvested from donor beds, the monitoring of eelgrass growth at different harvest rates should help determine an optimum harvest rate that supports rapid recovery of donor eelgrass beds.

  17. Evaluation of Trenchless Installation Technology for Radioactive Wastewater Piping Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robinson, Sharon M; Jubin, Robert Thomas; Patton, Bradley D; Sullivan, Nicholas M; Bugbee, Kathy P

    2009-09-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Environmental Management (EM) cleanup mission at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) includes dispositioning facilities, contaminated legacy materials/waste, and contamination sources and remediation of soil under facilities, groundwater, and surface water to support final Records of Decision (RODs). The Integrated Facilities Disposition Project (IFDP) is a roughly $15B project for completion of the EM mission at Oak Ridge, with a project duration of up to 35 years. The IFDP Mission Need Statement - Critical Decision-0 (CD-0) - was approved by DOE in July 2007, and the IFDP Alternative Selection and Cost Range - Critical Decision-1 (CD-1) - was approved in November 2008. The IFDP scope includes reconfiguration of waste collection and treatment systems as needed to complete the IFDP remediation and decontamination and decommissioning (D&D) missions in a safe and cost-effective manner while maintaining compliance with all governing regulations and bodies and preserving the support of continuing operations at ORNL. A step in the CD-1 approval process included an external technical review (ETR) of technical approaches proposed in the CD-1 document related to the facility reconfiguration for the ORNL radioactive waste and liquid low-level waste management systems. The ETR team recommended that the IFDP team consider the use of trenchless technologies for installing pipelines underground in and around contaminated sites as part of the alternatives evaluations required in support of the CD-2 process. The team specifically recommended evaluating trenchless technologies for installing new pipes in existing underground pipelines as an alternative to conventional open trench installation methods. Potential benefits could include reduction in project costs, less costly underground piping, fewer disruptions of ongoing and surface activities, and lower risk for workers. While trenchless technologies have been used extensively in the sanitary sewer and natural gas pipeline industries, they have been used far less in contaminated environments. Although trenchless technologies have been used at ORNL in limited applications to install new potable water and gas lines, the technologies have not been used in radioactive applications. This study evaluates the technical risks, benefits, and economics for installing gravity drained and pressurized piping using trenchless technologies compared to conventional installation methods for radioactive applications under ORNL geological conditions. A range of trenchless installation technologies was reviewed for this report for general applicability for replacing existing contaminated piping and/or installing new pipelines in potentially contaminated areas. Installation methods that were determined to have potential for use in typical ORNL contaminated environments were then evaluated in more detail for three specific ORNL applications. Each feasible alternative was evaluated against the baseline conventional open trench installation method using weighted criteria in the areas of environment, safety, and health (ES&H); project cost and schedule; and technical operability. The formulation of alternatives for evaluation, the development of selection criteria, and the scoring of alternatives were performed by ORNL staff with input from vendors and consultants. A description of the evaluation methodology and the evaluation results are documented in the following sections of this report.

  18. Supplemental Radiological Survey Plan for the Lease of the Rooms Associated with C107 of Building K-1006 at the East Tennessee Technology Park, Oak Ridge, Tennessee

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blevins M.F.

    2010-09-01

    In 1998, a portion of Bldg. K-1006 was leased to the Community Reuse Organization of East Tennessee (CROET) as part of the reindustrialization efforts at the East Tennessee Technology Park (ETTP). The facility was subleased and is being used as an analytical laboratory. The 1998 lease did not include rooms C107, C107-A, C107-B, C107-C, and C107-D. The lease of these rooms is now desired. These rooms comprise the area to be surveyed. The building was constructed as a laboratory facility to support the gaseous diffusion uranium enrichment process. It also contains offices and administrative spaces for laboratory personnel. After the gaseous diffusion process was shut down in the mid-1980s, the building was used to provide research and development support to ETTP environmental, safety, and health programs; the Toxic Substances Control Act Incinerator; the Central Neutralization Facility; and other multi-site waste treatment activities. It also served as the chemistry laboratory for the Environmental Technology Technical Services Organization. The activities currently conducted in Bldg. K-1006 utilize a variety of analytical techniques. Some of the major techniques being employed are X-ray analysis, electron microanalysis, and spectrochemical analysis. In 1998, a portion of Bldg. K-1006 was leased to CROET as part of the reindustrialization efforts at ETTP. The facility was subleased and is being used as an analytical laboratory. The 1998 lease did not include Rooms C107, C107-A, C107-B, C107-C, and C107-D. Some demolition of furniture and decontamination activities has taken place for Rooms C 107 and C 107-B since the last radiological survey of those rooms. In March 2009, a final remedial action (RA) was performed for the Bldg. K-1006 north basement sump. The Bldg. K-1006 north basement sump is a nominal 30-in.-diameter, 36-in.-deep concrete structure in the north corner of room C107B. The building receives groundwater in-leakage that is periodically pumped to the sewer system via this float-controlled pump. Solids in the bottom of the sump consisted of an estimated 1-ft{sup 3} coarse-grained material that varied in thickness from 0 to 4 in. with no suspended fraction. The RA consisted of removing the water in the sump and then removing and sampling the solids. The solids were mixed with grout after removal and allowed to set. The solids were then disposed off-site at an approved disposal facility. The building sump will remain until the K-1006 building is demolished. The actions for the K- 1006 sump are described in the revised Phased Construction Completion Report for Exposure Unit (EU) Z2-33, which received regulatory approval in December 2009.

  19. Annual Site Environmental Report: 2008 (ASER)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sabba, D.

    2009-11-09

    This report provides information about environmental programs during the calendar year of 2008 at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory (SLAC), Menlo Park, California. Activities that span the calendar year, i.e., stormwater monitoring covering the winter season of 2008/2009 (October 2008 through May 2009), are also included. Production of an annual site environmental report (ASER) is a requirement established by the United States Department of Energy (DOE) for all management and operating (M&O) contractors throughout the DOE complex. SLAC is a federally-funded research and development center with Stanford University as the M&O contractor. Under Executive Order (EO) 13423, Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and Transportation Management, and DOE Order 450.1A, Environmental Protection Program, SLAC effectively implements and integrates the key elements of an Environmental Management System (EMS) to achieve the site's integrated safety and environmental management system goals. For normal daily activities, SLAC managers and supervisors are responsible for ensuring that policies and procedures are understood and followed so that: (1) Worker safety and health are protected; (2) The environment is protected; and (3) Compliance is ensured. Throughout 2008, SLAC continued to improve its management systems. These systems provided a structured framework for SLAC to implement 'greening of the government' initiatives such as EO 13423 and DOE Orders 450.1A and 430.2B. Overall, management systems at SLAC are effective, supporting compliance with all relevant statutory and regulatory requirements. SLAC continues to demonstrate significant progress in implementing and integrating EMS into day-to-day operations and construction activities at SLAC. The annual management review and ranking of environmental aspects were completed this year by SLAC's EMS Steering Committee, the Environmental Safety Committee (ESC), and twelve objectives and targets were established for 2008. For each objective and target, a work plan, or Environmental Management Program (EMP) was completed and progress reports were routinely provided to SLAC senior management and the DOE SLAC Site Office (SSO). During 2008, there were no reportable releases to the environment from SLAC operations. In addition, many improvements in waste minimization, recycling, stormwater management, groundwater restoration, and SLAC's chemical management system (CMS) were continued during the year. The following are amongst SLAC's environmental accomplishments for 2008: a composting program at SLAC's onsite cafeteria was initiated, greater than 800 cubic feet of legacy radioactive waste were packaged and shipped from SLAC, a chemical redistribution program was developed, SLAC reduced the number of General Services Administration leased vehicles from 221 to 164, recycling of municipal waste was increased by approximately 140 tons during 2008, and site-wide releases of sulfur hexafluoride were reduced by 50 percent. In 2008, no radiological incidents occurred that increased radiation levels or released radioactivity to the environment. In addition to managing its radioactive wastes safely and responsibly, SLAC worked to reduce the amount of waste generated. SLAC has implemented programs and systems to ensure compliance with all radiological requirements related to the environment. Specifically, the Radiation Protection Radiological Waste Management Group developed a training course to certify Radioactive Waste Generators, conducted a training pilot, and developed a list of potential radioactive waste generators to train. Twenty eight generators were trained in 2008. As a best management practice, SLAC also reduced its tritium inventory by at least 95 percent by draining one of its accelerator cooling water systems; with the cooperation of the South Bayside System Authority, the West Bay Sanitary District and the DOE, SLAC discharged the cooling water to the sanitary sewer according to federal regulations and replenished the system with clean water. In 2008, the SLAC Envi

  20. Sulfur Polymer Stabilization/Solidification Treatability Study of Mercury Contaminated Soil from the Y-12 Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kalb P.; Milian, L.; Yim, S. P.

    2012-11-30

    As a result of past operations, the Department of Energy’s (DOE) Oak Ridge Y-12 National Security Complex (Y-12 Plant) has extensive mercury-contamination in building structures, soils, storm sewer sediments, and stream sediments, which are a source of pollution to the local ecosystem. Because of mercury’s toxicity and potential impacts on human health and the environment, DOE continues to investigate and implement projects to support the remediation of the Y-12 site.URS and #9122;CH2M Oak Ridge LLC (UCOR) under its prime contract with DOE has cleanup responsibilities on the DOE Oak Ridge Reservation and is investigating potential mercury-contaminated soil treatment technologies through an agreement with Babcock and Wilcox (B and W) Y-12, the Y-12 operating contractor to DOE. As part of its investigations, UCOR has subcontracted with Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) to conduct laboratory-scale studies evaluating the applicability of the Sulfur Polymer Stabilization/Solidification (SPSS) process using surrogate and actual mixed waste Y-12 soils containing mercury (Hg) at 135, 2,000, and 10,000 ppm.SPSS uses a thermoplastic sulfur binder to convert Hg to stable mercury sulfide (HgS) and solidifies the chemically stable product in a monolithic solid final waste form to reduce dispersion and permeability. Formulations containing 40 – 60 dry wt% Y-12 soil were fabricated and samples were prepared in triplicate for Environmental Protection Agency Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) testing by an independent laboratory. Those containing 50 and 60 wt% soil easily met the study criteria for maximum allowable Hg concentrations (47 and 1 ppb, respectively compared with the TCLP limit of 200 ppb Hg). The lowest waste loading of 40 wt% yielded TCLP Hg concentrations slightly higher (240 ppb) than the allowable limit. Since the Y-12 soil tended to form clumps, the improved leaching at higher waste loadings was probably due to reduction in particle size from friction of the soil mixing, which creates more surface area for chemical conversion. This was corroborated by the fact that the same waste loading pre-treated by ball milling to reduce particle size prior to SPSS processing yielded TCLP concentrations almost 30 times lower, and at 8.5 ppb Hg was well below EPA limits. Pre-treatment by ball milling also allowed a reduction in the time required for stabilization, thus potentially reducing total process times by 30%.Additional performance testing was conducted including measurement of compressive strength to confirm mechanical integrity and immersion testing to determine the potential impacts of storage or disposal under saturated conditions. For both surrogate and actual Y-12 treated soils, waste form compressive strengths ranged between 2,300 and 6,500 psi, indicating very strong mechanical integrity (a minimum of greater than 40 times greater than the NRC guidance for low-level radioactive waste). In general, compressive strength increases with waste loading as the soil acts as an aggregate in the sulfur concrete waste forms. No statistically significant loss in strength was recorded for the 30 and 40 wt% surrogate waste samples and only a minor reduction in strength was measured for the 43 wt% waste forms. The 30 wt% Y-12 soil did not show a significant loss in strength but the 50 wt% samples were severely degraded in immersion due to swelling of the clay soil. The impact on Hg leaching, if any, was not determined.

  1. Tritium in the World Trade Center September 11, 2001 Terrorist Attack: It's Possible Sources and Fate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parekh, P; Semkow, T; Husain, L; Haines, D; Woznial, G; Williams, P; Hafner, R; Rabun, R

    2002-05-03

    Traces of tritiated water (HTO) were determined at World Trade Center (WTC) ground zero after the 9/11/01 terrorist attack. A method of ultralow-background liquid scintillation counting was used after distilling HTO from the samples. A water sample from the WTC sewer, collected on 9/13/01, contained 0.174{plus_minus}0.074 (2{sigma}) nCi/L of HTO. A split water sample, collected on 9/21/01 from the basement of WTC Building 6, contained 3.53{plus_minus}0.17 and 2.83{plus_minus}0.15 nCi/L, respectively. Several water and vegetation samples were analyzed from areas outside the ground zero, located in Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, and Kensico Reservoir. No HTO above the background was found in those samples. All these results are well below the levels of concern to human exposure. Several tritium radioluminescent (RL) devices were investigated as possible sources of the traces of tritium at ground zero. Tritium is used in self-luminescent emergency EXIT signs. No such signs were present inside the WTC buildings. However, it was determined that Boeing 767-222 aircraft operated by the United Airlines that hit WTC Tower 2 as well as Boeing 767-223ER operated by the American Airlines, that hit WTC Tower 1, had a combined 34.3 Ci of tritium at the time of impact. Other possible sources of tritium include dials and lights of fire and emergency equipment, sights and scopes in weaponry, as well as time devices equipped with tritium dials. It was determined that emergency equipment was not a likely source. However, WTC hosted several law-enforcement agencies such as ATF, CIA, US Secret Service and US Customs. The ATF office had two weapon vaults in WTC Building 6. Also 63 Police Officers, possibly carrying handguns with tritium sights, died in the attack. The weaponry containing tritium was therefore a likely and significant source of tritium. It is possible that some of the 2830 victims carried tritium watches, however this source appears to be less significant that the other two. The fate of tritium in the attack depended on its chemistry. Any tritium present in the vicinity of jet-fuel explosion or fire would convert to HTO. The molecular tritium is also known to quickly exchange with water adsorbed on surfaces at ambient temperatures. Therefore, the end product of reacted tritium was HTO. A part of it would disperse into the atmosphere and a part would remain on site. The dynamic aspect of HTO removal was investigated taking into a consideration water flow at ground zero. Most of ground zero is encircled by the Slurry Wall, 70 ft deep underground, called a Bathtub. Approximately three million gallons of water were hosed on site in the fire-fighting efforts, and 1 million gallons fell as rainwater, between 9/11 and 9/21 (the day of the reported measurement). The combined water percolated through the debris down to the bottom of the Bathtub dissolving and removing HTO with it. That water would meet and combine with the estimated 26 million gallons of water that leaked from the Hudson River as well as broken mains, during the same period of 10 days after the attack. The combined water was collecting in the PATH train tunnel and continuously being pumped out to prevent flooding. A %Box model of water flow was developed to describe the above scenario. Considering the uncertainty in the amount of tritium present from sources other than the aircraft, as well as the dynamic character of tritium removal from the site, it is feasible to provide only a qualitative picture of the fate and behavior of tritium at WTC with the limited experimental data available. If the time history of tritium concentration at WTC had been measured, this study could have been a tracer study of water flow at WTC possibly useful to civil engineering.