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1

Neutron Scattering Science User ...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Proposals for beam time at Oak Ridge National Laboratory's High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) and Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) will be accepted via the web-based proposal system...

2

Neutron Scattering | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Neutron Scattering Neutron Scattering Materials Sciences and Engineering (MSE) Division MSE Home About Research Areas Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) DOE Energy Innovation Hubs BES Funding Opportunities The Computational Materials and Chemical Sciences Network (CMCSN) Theoretical Condensed Matter Physics Scientific Highlights Reports and Activities Principal Investigators' Meetings BES Home Research Areas Neutron Scattering Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page This activity supports basic research on the fundamental interactions of neutrons with matter to achieve an understanding of the atomic, electronic, and magnetic structures and excitations of materials and their relationship to materials properties. Major emphasis is on the application of neutron scattering, spectroscopy, and imaging for materials research, primarily at

3

Neutron Sciences - Neutron Scattering Dynamics in Polymer Family  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Neutron scattering characterizes dynamics in polymer family Neutron scattering characterizes dynamics in polymer family Research Contact: Christine Gerstl December 2012, Written by Agatha Bardoel Understanding the interplay between structure and dynamics is the key to obtaining tailor-made materials. In the last few years, a large effort has been devoted to characterizing and relating the structure and dynamic properties in families of polymers with alkyl side groups. Now researchers have used quasielastic neutron scattering to investigate the hydrogen dynamics in poly(alkylene oxide)s with different side-chain lengths at temperatures below, as well as above, the glass transition. The combination of techniques and instruments used is bringing a more complete understanding of multiple contributions to system dynamics. The results

4

ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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ORNL's Neutron Science Future: Integrating Neutron Scattering Across the Laboratory Greg Smith, HFIR Center for Neutron Scattering Upgrade Status and Scientific Opportunities...

5

Science | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Neutron Science Neutron Science Neutron Scattering Science Neutrons are one of the fundamental particles that make up matter and have properties that make them ideal for certain types of research. In the universe, neutrons are abundant, making up more than half of all visible matter. Neutron scattering provides information about the positions, motions, and magnetic properties of solids. When a beam of neutrons is aimed at a sample, many neutrons will pass through the material. But some will interact directly with atomic nuclei and "bounce" away at an angle, like colliding balls in a game of pool. This behavior is called neutron diffraction, or neutron scattering. Using detectors, scientists can count scattered neutrons, measure their energies and the angles at which they scatter, and map their final position

6

Neutron Scattering Facilities | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Neutron Scattering Facilities Neutron Scattering Facilities Scientific User Facilities (SUF) Division SUF Home About User Facilities X-Ray Light Sources Neutron Scattering Facilities Nanoscale Science Research Centers Electron-Beam Microcharacterization Centers Accelerator & Detector Research & Development Principal Investigators' Meetings Scientific Highlights Construction Projects BES Home User Facilities Neutron Scattering Facilities Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page This activity supports the operation of three DOE neutron scattering facilities, which are unique and effective tools for probing the structure of matter. Neutron scattering is particularly well-suited for determining the atomic positions of both light and heavy atoms in a solid and thermal fluctuations in these positions. In addition the neutron

7

Science Education Programs | Neutron Science | ORNL  

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What are Neutrons Why Research with Neutrons Graduate & Post-doctoral Programs Student & Teacher Programs Science Forum Neutron Scattering Tutorials Kids' Corner News and Awards...

8

Applied Neutron Scattering in Engineering and Materials Science ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Neutron Diffraction Studies of Residual Stresses around Gouges and Gouged Dents in Pipelines Neutron Diffraction Study and EVPSC Modeling of the...

9

Procurement - ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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for the acquisition of goods and services for neutron scattering operations at SNS and HFIR. If you're interested in conducting business with the Neutron Sciences Directorate or...

10

Doing Neutron Scattering Science with the Multi-Axis Crystal ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... at the NIST Center for Neutron Research began commissioning operation on ... and Internal Stress Analysis after High Temperature Corrosion in Power Plants.

11

Review of the Lujan neutron scattering center: basic energy sciences prereport February 2009  

SciTech Connect

The Lujan Neutron Scattering Center (Lujan Center) at LANSCE is a designated National User Facility for neutron scattering and nuclear physics studies with pulsed beams of moderated neutrons (cold, thermal, and epithermal). As one of five experimental areas at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE), the Lujan Center hosts engineers, scientists, and students from around the world. The Lujan Center consists of Experimental Room (ER) 1 (ERl) built by the Laboratory in 1977, ER2 built by the Office of Basic Energy Sciences (BES) in 1989, and the Office Building (622) also built by BES in 1989, along with a chem-bio lab, a shop, and other out-buildings. According to a 1996 Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) between the Defense Programs (DP) Office of the National Nuclear Security Agency (NNSA) and the Office of Science (SC, then the Office of Energy Research), the Lujan Center flight paths were transferred from DP to SC, including those in ERI. That MOA was updated in 2001. Under the MOA, NNSA-DP delivers neutron beam to the windows of the target crypt, outside of which BES becomes the 'landlord.' The leveraging nature of the Lujan Center on the LANSCE accelerator is a substantial annual leverage to the $11 M BES operating fund worth approximately $56 M operating cost of the linear accelerator (LINAC)-in beam delivery.

Hurd, Alan J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Rhyne, James J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Lewis, Paul S [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Instruments | Neutron Science | ORNL  

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NScD Careers NScD Careers Supporting Organizations Neutron Science Home | Science & Discovery | Neutron Science | Instruments SHARE Instruments at SNS and HFIR SNS Instrument Name HFIR Instrument Name 1B NOMAD - Nanoscale-Ordered Materials Diffractometer CG-1 Development Beam Line 2 BASIS - Backscattering Spectrometer CG-1D IMAGING - Neutron Imaging Prototype Facility 3 SNAP - Spallation Neutrons and Pressure Diffractometer CG-2 GP-SANS - General-Purpose Small-Angle Neutron Scattering Diffractometer 4A MR - Magnetism Reflectometer CG-3 Bio-SANS - Biological Small-Angle Neutron Scattering Instrument 4B LR - Liquids Reflectometer CG-4C CTAX - Cold Neutron Triple-Axis Spectrometer 5 CNCS - Cold Neutron Chopper Spectrometer HB-1 PTAX - Polarized Triple-Axis Spectrometer

13

Imaging with Scattered Neutrons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe a novel experimental technique for neutron imaging with scattered neutrons. These scattered neutrons are of interest for condensed matter physics, because they permit to reveal the local distribution of incoherent and coherent scattering within a sample. In contrast to standard attenuation based imaging, scattered neutron imaging distinguishes between the scattering cross section and the total attenuation cross section including absorption. First successful low-noise millimeter-resolution images by scattered neutron radiography and tomography are presented.

H. Ballhausen; H. Abele; R. Gaehler; M. Trapp; A. Van Overberghe

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

14

Neutron Scattering Facilities 1982  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NEUTRON SOURCES NEUTRON SOURCES Types of Sources U.S. Sources Available for Users Plans for the Future The Neutron Scattering Society of America (NSSA) SNS/ANL School on Neutron and x-Ray Scattering, June 2011 Jim Rhyne Lujan Neutron Scattering Center Los Alamos National Lab. What do we need to do neutron scattering? * Neutron Source - produces neutrons * Diffractometer or Spectrometer - Allows neutrons to interact with sample - Sorts out discrete wavelengths by monochromator (reactor) or by time of flight (pulse source) - Detectors pick up neutrons scattered from sample * Analysis methods to determine material properties * Brain power to interpret results Sources of neutrons for scattering * Nuclear Reactor - Neutrons produced from fission of 235 U - Fission spectrum neutrons

15

MAGNETIC NEUTRON SCATTERING  

SciTech Connect

Much of our understanding of the atomic-scale magnetic structure and the dynamical properties of solids and liquids was gained from neutron-scattering studies. Elastic and inelastic neutron spectroscopy provided physicists with an unprecedented, detailed access to spin structures, magnetic-excitation spectra, soft-modes and critical dynamics at magnetic-phase transitions, which is unrivaled by other experimental techniques. Because the neutron has no electric charge, it is an ideal weakly interacting and highly penetrating probe of matter's inner structure and dynamics. Unlike techniques using photon electric fields or charged particles (e.g., electrons, muons) that significantly modify the local electronic environment, neutron spectroscopy allows determination of a material's intrinsic, unperturbed physical properties. The method is not sensitive to extraneous charges, electric fields, and the imperfection of surface layers. Because the neutron is a highly penetrating and non-destructive probe, neutron spectroscopy can probe the microscopic properties of bulk materials (not just their surface layers) and study samples embedded in complex environments, such as cryostats, magnets, and pressure cells, which are essential for understanding the physical origins of magnetic phenomena. Neutron scattering is arguably the most powerful and versatile experimental tool for studying the microscopic properties of the magnetic materials. The magnitude of the cross-section of the neutron magnetic scattering is similar to the cross-section of nuclear scattering by short-range nuclear forces, and is large enough to provide measurable scattering by the ordered magnetic structures and electron spin fluctuations. In the half-a-century or so that has passed since neutron beams with sufficient intensity for scattering applications became available with the advent of the nuclear reactors, they have became indispensable tools for studying a variety of important areas of modern science, ranging from large-scale structures and dynamics of polymers and biological systems, to electronic properties of today's technological materials. Neutron scattering developed into a vast field, encompassing many different experimental techniques aimed at exploring different aspects of matter's atomic structure and dynamics. Modern magnetic neutron scattering includes several specialized techniques designed for specific studies and/or particular classes of materials. Among these are magnetic reflectometry aimed at investigating surfaces, interfaces, and multilayers, small-angle scattering for the large-scale structures, such as a vortex lattice in a superconductor, and neutron spin-echo spectroscopy for glasses and polymers. Each of these techniques and many others offer exciting opportunities for examining magnetism and warrant extensive reviews, but the aim of this chapter is not to survey how different neutron-scattering methods are used to examine magnetic properties of different materials. Here, we concentrate on reviewing the basics of the magnetic neutron scattering, and on the recent developments in applying one of the oldest methods, the triple axis spectroscopy, that still is among the most extensively used ones. The developments discussed here are new and have not been coherently reviewed. Chapter 2 of this book reviews magnetic small-angle scattering, and modern techniques of neutron magnetic reflectometry are discussed in Chapter 3.

ZALIZNYAK,I.A.; LEE,S.H.

2004-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

16

Industry - ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Industry banner Industry banner Neutron scattering research has applications in practically every field, and neutron research at ORNL is leading to productive partnerships with the industrial and business communities. We welcome proposals for all types of research, including those involving proprietary work. Recent studies have led to discoveries with potential applications in fields such as medicine, energy, and various metals technologies. For more information, please see our recent research highlights. Research Collaborations Industry-Driven Research Benefits Plastics Manufacturing Corning uses VULCAN to test limits of ceramic material for car emission controls, filtration devices Neutrons Probe Inner Workings of Batteries Industry and Neutron Science: Working To Make a Match

17

Contact ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sciences Organization Charts Neutron Sciences Directorate Associate Laboratory Director for Neutron Sciences, Kelly Beierschmitt Biology and Soft Matter Division Director, Paul...

18

Physics @ Oxford SCATTERING NEUTRONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Neutron Scattering Society of America (NSSA) Purpose and New Initiatives www.neutronscattering.org SNS/ANL School on Neutron and X-Ray Scattering June 2011 Visit us now on Facebook #12;2 What is the NSSA? NSSA is an organization of scientists and engineers with a common interest in using neutron

Herz, Laura M.

19

Neutron Scattering Web  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

at neutronsources.org. The information contained here in the Neutron Scattering Web has been transferred to the new site. We will leave the current content here for...

20

Neutron Scattering Template  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Acknowledgements The graphics used on the Neutron Scattering Web Pages were designed by Tami Sharley (Information and Publishing Services Division) and Jack Carpenter (Intense...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "neutron scattering science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

LANSCE | Lujan Neutron Scattering Center  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Department of Energy, National Office of Science Department of Energy, National Office of Science science.energy.gov Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration nnsa.energy.gov Lujan Neutron Scattering Center Logo Lujan Center Mission The Lujan Center delivers science by exploiting the unique characteristics of intense beams of pulsed neutrons for academia, national security, and industry. Lujan Center Vision The Lujan Center will operate a world class user program in the service of the nation. Lujan Center scientists will be recognized for their leadership and innovation in neutron scattering. Lujan Center at LANSCE The Lujan Center is one of five user facilities supported by the LANSCE accelerator which is stewarded. Funding to operate 10 instruments in a national user program is provided by the Department of Energy's Office of

22

Industry - ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Former User Group Chair Enthusiastic About Relevance of Neutron Scattering Former User Group Chair Enthusiastic About Relevance of Neutron Scattering to Industrial Research Former User Group Chair Mike Crawford Mike Crawford, DuPont Research and Development. The drive is intensifying to encourage research partnerships between Neutron Sciences and private industry. Such partnerships, a long-term strategic goal set by the DOE's Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee, will deliver industry and its technological problems to SNS and HFIR, where joint laboratory-industry teams can use the unparalleled resources available here to resolve them. "SNS is a tremendous facility. It has the potential to have a couple of thousand user visits a year and, if they build another target station in the future, you're probably talking about 4000 user visits a year,"

23

Education | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Education banner Education banner Sunil Sinha A Chat with Sunil Sinha, Distinguished Professor of Physics at the University of California-San Diego and speaker at the recent CNMS-SNS Research Forum more... The purpose of the Spallation Neutron Source and the High Flux Isotope Reactor is to facilitate neutron scattering as an integral tool for scientific research and technological development across many scientific and engineering domains within the scientific, academic,and industrial communities. Coupled with this role is a recognized need to inspire, educate, and facilitate the next generation of users and hence foster enhanced use of the unique neutron scattering facilities at ORNL. This is the central theme of the education activities within the Neutron Sciences Directorate (NScD).

24

Neutron Scattering Software  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Software Software A new portal for neutron scattering has just been established at neutronsources.org. The information contained here in the Neutron Scattering Web has been transferred to the new site. We will leave the current content here for archival purposes but no new content will be added. We encourage everyone interested in neutron scattering to take full advantage of this exciting new resource for our community. Neutronsources.org Data Formats NeXus: Neutron and X-ray Data Format Crystallographic Binary Format (CBF/imgCIF) Hierarchical Data Format (HDF) Data Analysis and Visualization Data Analysis for Neutron Scattering Experiments (DANSE): distributed data analysis project Large Array Manipulation Program (LAMP): IDL-based data analysis and visualization

25

Quantum Condensed Matter Division | Neutron Science | ORNL  

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instruments used for diffraction and inelastic neutron scattering at both SNS and HFIR. The science conducted by our staff members emphasizes materials with emergent...

26

ORNL Neutron Sciences Instruments  

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Instruments banner Instruments banner ORNL Neutron Sciences Instruments SNS and HFIR provide researchers with two complementary world-class suites of neutron scattering instruments and beam lines. All the instruments are supported by a variety of sample environments and data analysis and visualization capabilities. Before submitting a proposal for a specific instrument, please contact the appropriate instrument scientist to make sure your research is feasible for that instrument. Instruments Currently Available to Users SNS Beam Line Instrument Name HFIR Beam Line Instrument Name 1B NOMAD Nanoscale-Ordered Materials Diffractometer CG-1 Development Beam Line 2 BASIS Backscattering Spectrometer CG-1D IMAGING Neutron Imaging Prototype Facility 3 SNAP Spallation Neutrons and Pressure Diffractometer CG-2 GP-SANS

27

Research Highlights | Neutron Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research Highlights Research Highlights Biology & Medicine Biotechnology & Energy Fundamental Physics Imaging Magnetism Materials Nanotechnology Superconductivity Facilities and Capabilities Instruments User Program Publications and Resources Science and Education News and Awards NScD Careers Supporting Organizations Neutron Science Home | Science & Discovery | Neutron Science | Research Highlights SHARE Research Highlights No current Research Highlights found. 1-10 of 43 Results Comprehensive phonon "map" offers direction for engineering new thermoelectric devices January 08, 2014 - To understand how to design better thermoelectric materials, researchers are using neutron scattering at SNS and HFIR to study how a compound known as AgSbTe2, or silver antimony telluride, is

28

Neutron Science and Supercomputing Come Together at Oak Ridge...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Neutron Science and Supercomputing Come Together at Oak Ridge National Lab (HPCWire) June 24, 2013 Next-generation neutron scattering requires next-generation data analysis...

29

Neutron Scattering Conference Archive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Conference Archive Conference Archive A new portal for neutron scattering has just been established at neutronsources.org. The information contained here in the Neutron Scattering Web has been transferred to the new site. We will leave the current content here for archival purposes but no new content will be added. We encourage everyone interested in neutron scattering to take full advantage of this exciting new resource for our community. Neutronsources.org 2000 | 2001 | 2002 | 2003 | 2004 | 2005 | 2006 | 2007 | 2008 | 2009 | 2010 | 2011 | 2012 2000 June 12-14, 2000 Workshop on "New Opportunities for Better User Group Software (NOBUGS III)" Location Daresbury Laboratory, Cheshire, UK Contact Mark Enderby, Daresbury Laboratory Email M.J.Enderby@dl.ac.uk URL http://nobugs.dl.ac.uk/

30

Directorate Organization | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ORNL Neutron Sciences Directorate The Neutron Sciences Directorate (NScD) manages and operates the Spallation Neutron Source and the High Flux Isotope Reactor, two of the world's...

31

Education | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Matter Physics Neutron Scattering in Quantum Condensed Matter Physics flyer The first cyber enabled collaborative graduate course was launched in Fall semester 2012. It addresses...

32

News & Awards | Neutron Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Awards Events and Conferences Supporting Organizations Neutron Science Home | Science & Discovery | Neutron Science | News and Awards SHARE News and Awards 1-6 of 6 Results...

33

Neutron Science | More Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of the 1994 Nobel Prize in Physics for this groundbreaking work. Today, the laboratory is home to two of the most powerful neutron science facilities in the world-the Spallation...

34

ORNL Neutron Sciences Publications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

at other facilties by Neutron Sciences Directorate staff. We strongly encourage SNS and HFIR users to submit citation information, including URLs, for all publications regarding...

35

Dr. Andrey Podlesnyak | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Andrey Podlesnyak Andrey Podlesnyak Dr. Andrey Podlesnyak Instrument Scientist: Cold Neutron Chopper Spectrometer (CNCS), SNS Education PhD in Physics, Institute for Metal Physics, Ekaterinburg, Russia Description of Research 2008 - present Instrument Scientist, Cold Neutron Chopper Spectrometer, Neutron Scattering Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory 2006 - 2008 Instrument Scientist, single crystal diffractometer E-4, Hahn-Meitner-Institut, Berlin, Germany 2002 - 2006 Instrument Scientist, TOF spectrometer FOCUS, Laboratory for Neutron Scattering, ETH Zurich & Paul Scherrer Institute, Switzerland 2000 - 2002 Instrument Scientist, triple-axis spectrometer TASP, Laboratory for Neutron Scattering, ETH Zurich & Paul Scherrer Institute, Switzerland 1994 - 2000 Physicist, Institute for Metal Physics, Ekaterinburg, Russia

36

Neutrons in Soft Matter Science | Education | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Complex Materials on Mesoscopic Scales Neutron in Soft Matter Science flyer The new cyber-enabled collaborative graduate course "Neutrons in Soft Matter Science: Complex...

37

Awards 2007 | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 7 Staff Awards: 2007 Chakoumakos elected MSA Fellow Bryan Chakoumakos Neutron scientist Bryan Chakoumakos was recently elected a fellow of the Mineralogical Society of America. A member of the Neutron Scattering Science Division, Bryan leads the Single-Crystal Diffraction Group. The group has five neutron scattering instruments in various stages of design and construction, located at HFIR and SNS. The MSA was founded in 1919 and, among other goals, encourages fundamental research on natural materials and supports education through its publications, educational grants, and courses. Pharos Neutron Detector System Researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have won six R&D 100 Awards, given annually by R&D Magazine to the year's

38

Industry - ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Industry and Neutron Science Industry and Neutron Science Industry and Neutron Science: Working To Make a Match "In fundamental research, we want to know everything. Industry wants to know enough to answer a question." Research Contact: Mike Crawford September 2011, Written by Deborah Counce Mike Crawford and Souleymane Diallo Mike Crawford of Dupont (right) and Souleymane Diallo, instrument scientist for the Backscattering Spectrometer at SNS, prepare a material sample for an experiment on the instrument. Industrial users are starting to eye the potential of neutron science for solving problems that can't be solved in any other way. At the same time, the SNS and HFIR neutron science facilities at ORNL are exploring ways to woo such users and to make a match of it, to the benefit of both.

39

ORNL Neutron Sciences Users  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SHUG banner SNS-HFIR User Group The SNS-HFIR User Group (SHUG) consists of all persons interested in using the neutron scattering facilities at Oak Ridge. It provides input to the...

40

DOE Science Showcase - Neutron Science Research from DOE Databases | OSTI,  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

DOE Science Showcase - Neutron Science Research from DOE Databases DOE Science Showcase - Neutron Science Research from DOE Databases Additional neutron science research in DOE Databases Information Bridge Neutron scattering research was pioneered in 1946 by ORNL's Clifford G. Shull, winner of 1994 Nobel Prize in Physics. Access Shull's early research records in Energy Citations Database. Neutron scattering research was pioneered in 1946 by ORNL's Clifford G. Shull, winner of 1994 Nobel Prize in Physics. Access Shull's early research records in Energy Citations Database. Energy Citations Database DOE R&D Accomplishments DOE R&D Project Summaries DOE Data Explorer DOepatents Researchers at DOE labs, including Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), and Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "neutron scattering science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Awards | Neutron Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

| Neutron Science | News and Awards | Awards SHARE Awards for Excellence 1-2 of 2 Results ORNL team wins R&D 100 award for wavelength-shifting scintillator detector January...

42

Neutron Science Facilities Operating Status | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Neutron Science Facilities Operating Status High Flux Isotope Reactor The reactor is currently operating at 100% power for fuel cycle 449. Spallation Neutron Source SNS is shutdown...

43

BUILDING A NETWORK FOR NEUTRON SCATTERING EDUCATION  

SciTech Connect

In a concerted effort supported by the National Science Foundation, the Department of Commerce, and the Department of Energy, the United States is rebuilding its leadership in neutron scattering capability through a significant investment in U.S. neutron scattering user facilities and related instrumentation. These unique facilities provide opportunities in neutron scattering to a broad community of researchers from academic institutions, federal laboratories, and industry. However, neutron scattering is often considered to be a tool for 'experts only' and in order for the U.S. research community to take full advantage of these new and powerful tools, a comprehensive education and outreach program must be developed. The workshop described below is the first step in developing a national program that takes full advantage of modern education methods and leverages the existing educational capacity at universities and national facilities. During March 27-28, 2008, a workshop entitled 'Building a Network for Neutron Scattering Education' was held in Washington, D.C. The goal of the workshop was to define and design a roadmap for a comprehensive neutron scattering education program in the United States. Successful implementation of the roadmap will maximize the national intellectual capital in neutron sciences and will increase the sophistication of research questions addressed by neutron scattering at the nation's forefront facilities. (See Appendix A for the list of attendees, Appendix B for the workshop agenda, Appendix C for a list of references. Appendix D contains the results of a survey given at the workshop; Appendix E contains summaries of the contributed talks.) The workshop brought together U.S. academicians, representatives from neutron sources, scientists who have developed nontraditional educational programs, educational specialists, and managers from government agencies to create a national structure for providing ongoing neutron scattering education. A concerted effort was made to involve representatives from historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) and minority educational institutions (MEIs). The roadmap contained herein provides the path to a national infrastructure for education of students, faculty, and professional researchers who wish to make use of national neutron scattering facilities but do not have (or do not believe they have) the educational background to do so. Education of other stakeholders, including the public, students in kindergarten through twelfth grade (K-12), and policy makers is also included. The opening sessions of the workshop provided the current status of neutron scattering education in North America, Europe, and Australia. National neutron sources have individually developed outreach and advertising programs aimed at increasing awareness among researchers of the potential applications of neutron scattering. However, because their principal mission is to carry out scientific research, their outreach efforts are necessarily self-limiting. The opening session was designed to build awareness that the individual programs need to be coupled with, and integrated into, a broader education program that addresses the complete range of experience, from the student to the experienced researcher, and the wide range of scientific disciplines covered by neutron scattering. Such a program must also take full advantage of existing educational programs and expertise at universities and expand them using modern distance learning capabilities, recognizing that the landscape of education is changing.

Pynn, Roger [ORNL; Baker, Shenda Mary [ORNL; Louca, Despo A [ORNL; McGreevy, Robert L [ORNL; Ekkebus, Allen E [ORNL; Kszos, Lynn A [ORNL; Anderson, Ian S [ORNL

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

ORNL Neutron Sciences Directorate Executive Office  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Neutron Sciences Directorate Executive Office Kelly Beierschmitt ORNL Associate Laboratory Director for Neutron Sciences Kelly Beierschmitt. The Neutron Sciences Directorate (NScD)...

45

NXS 2010 - Neutron Scattering School  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2-26, 2010 2-26, 2010 Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN NXS2010 Travel Airport Shuttles Departure Flights Schedule Participants Lectures Lecturers Lecture Notes/Videos Experiments Schedule, Desc, Groups Student Presentations ANL Facilities APS Facility ANL Map ANL Visitor's Guide ORNL Facilities HFIR Facility SNS Facility HFIR/SNS Map Access Requirements ANL ORNL Rad Worker Training Study Guide Wireless Networks ANL ORNL Safety & Security Rules ANL ORNL NSSA New Initiatives NSSA Weblink Contacts ANL ORNL 12th National School on Neutron & X-ray Scattering 2009 Neutron Scattering School participants 2010 National School Participants Students share their thoughts about NXS 2010. Purpose: The main purpose of the National School on Neutron and X-ray Scattering is to educate graduate students on the utilization of major neutron and x-ray facilities. Lectures, presented by researchers from academia, industry, and national laboratories, will include basic tutorials on the principles of scattering theory and the characteristics of the sources, as well as seminars on the application of scattering methods to a variety of scientific subjects. Students will conduct four short experiments at Argonne's Advanced Photon Source and Oak Ridge's Spallation Neutron Source and High Flux Isotope Reactor facilities to provide hands-on experience for using neutron and synchrotron sources.

46

Neutron Scattering Facilities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA Peruvian Institute of Nuclear Energy (IPEN), Lima, Peru Spallation Neutron Source, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, USA University of...

47

Contacts | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science Points of Contact Science Points of Contact Name Research Area Doug Abernathy Wide Angular-Range Chopper Spectrometer (ARCS). Atomic-scale dynamics at thermal and epithermal energies Ke An Engineering Materials Diffractometer (VULCAN). Residual stress, deformation mechanism of materials, phase transitions/transformation, and in situ/operando neutron diffraction in material systems (e.g., working batteries). John Ankner Liquids Reflectometer (LR). Density profiles normal to the surface at liquid surfaces and liquid interfaces Bryan Chakoumakos Nuclear and magnetic crystal structure systematics and structure-property relationships among inorganic materials, powder and single-crystal neutron and x-ray diffraction methods Leighton Coates Macromolecular Neutron Diffractometer (MaNDi). Protein crystallography, biological structure and function

48

Neutron Scatter Camera for Radiaton Detection - Energy ...  

Patent 7,741,613: Neutron scatter camera An instrument that will directly image the fast fission neutrons from a special nuclear material source has ...

49

NXS 2013 - Neutron Scattering School  

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5th National School on Neutron and X-Ray Scattering 5th National School on Neutron and X-Ray Scattering August 10-24, 2013 Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN NXS2013 Schedule Participants Image Gallery Travel Info Thank you Lectures Lecture Notes/Videos Experiments ANL Facilities ANL Map (jpg) ANL Map (pdf) ANL Visitor's Guide ORNL Facilities HFIR Facility SNS Facility HFIR/SNS Map Wireless Networks ORNL Safety & Security Rules ORNL NSSA Weblink Contacts ANL ORNL 2013 NXS School Participants 2013 NXS Participants. NXS interveiws 2013 Click the image to download the video. Video Interviews: Participants answer questions about their experiences at NXS 2011. Your feedback about lectures and experiments is important for evaluating this year's Neutron and X-ray Scattering School and for making improvements for future participants. We sincerely hope that each of you will complete the survey by the end of the school.

50

Industry - ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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PartTec PartTec ORNL, PartTec Inc. Licensing Agreement ORNL and PartTec sign licensing agreement (Front) ORNL Deputy Director for Science & Technology Thomas Zacharia and PartTec CEO Herschel Workman. (Back) Bruce Hannan (SNS), PartTec production manager Craig Kline, Rick Riedel (SNS), Jason Hodges (SNS) and Ron Cooper (SNS). The SNS guys were on the development team. Representatives from Oak Ridge National Laboratory and PartTec, an Indiana-based firm, formally signed a licensing agreement Thursday, Aug. 12, to market an advanced neutron detector system developed for the Spallation Neutron Source. The Shifting Scintillator Neutron Detector can determine the time and position of captured neutrons, which enables researchers to obtain very accurate time-of-flight measurements.

51

Neutron Scattering Home Page (Low-Graphics)  

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Home Page A new portal for neutron scattering has just been established at neutronsources.org. The information contained here in the Neutron Scattering Web has been transferred to...

52

Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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reveals semiconducting phase and contributes to new understanding of iron-based superconductors Contact: Huibo Cao Neutron scattering measures samples too hot to hold Contact:...

53

Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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Polytechnic Institute used small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) at the High-Flux Isotope Reactor at Oak Ridge National Laboratory to identify these early stage aggregates in...

54

BASIS Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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in water and other glass-forming liquids, covering six research collaborations at ORNL Neutron scattering provides window into surface interactions High-performance...

55

Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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techniques with neutron scattering at the General-Purpose SANS instrument at the ORNL High Flux Isotope Reactor. The cell mimics were vesicles (hollow spheres) made of...

56

Joint Institute for Neutron Sciences | ornl.gov  

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Joint Institute for Neutron Sciences Joint Institute for Neutron Sciences SHARE Joint Institute for Neutron Sciences JINS is located on Chestnut Ridge within the 80-acre SNS site, part of Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The Joint Institute for Neutron Sciences (JINS) was founded as a collaborative effort between Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and The University of Tennessee to promote the use of neutron scattering in various fields of research. Through worldwide collaborations between researchers of the biological and life sciences, energy sciences, polymer science, condensed matter physics and computational sciences, a synergistic consortium will be created at ORNL to elevate the field of neutron sciences to a new level of efficacy for industry, medicine and frontier research. The goal of JINS is to serve as a gateway for users of the Spallation

57

Clifford G. Shull: A Memoir of a Pioneer in Neutron Scattering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Clifford G. Shull: A Memoir of a Pioneer in Neutron Scattering. ... The memoir is a history, a love story, and an allegory on how to practice science. ...

2013-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

58

Science Opportunities at ORNL's Neutron Sources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Neutron Sciences Directorate at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) operates two of the world's most advanced neutron scattering research facilities: the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) and the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR). Our vision is to provide unprecedented capabilities for understanding structure and properties across the spectrum of biology, chemistry, physics, and engineering, and to stay at the leading edge of neutron science by developing new instruments, tools, and services. This talk will provide an update on the operations of the two research facilities and highlight the significant research that is emerging. For example, scientists from ORNL are at the forefront of research on a new class of iron-based superconductors based on experiments performed at the Triple-Axis Spectrometer at HFIR and ARCS at SNS. The complementary nature of neutron and x-ray techniques will be discussed to spark discussion among attendees.

Anderson, Ian [ORNL, SNS

2010-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

59

Videos & Tutorials - Science | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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and 2010 National School on Neutron & X-Ray Scattering. This annual school is hosted by ORNL and Argonne National Laboratory. Some of this material is protected by copyright....

60

Scientific Labs | Neutron Science | ORNL  

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Scientific Labs Scientific Labs SHARE SNS Scientific Labs Meilleur-lab-students-300.jpg Students in the SNS chemistry lab practice pipetting water. A new complex of laboratories is now open at SNS, providing a flexible, mobile environment where users can work efficiently. The labs, on the second floor of the SNS Central Laboratory and Office Building, are built with "green" operations in mind, as well as to optimize the available space for researchers' ever-changing scientific needs. With overhead utilities and mobile furniture, the complex's 13 labs allow staff to easily reconfigure the layout of equipment and quickly change an experiment's setup as needed. "We surveyed more than 900 users on what they needed, and they gave us a wish list," says Chrissi Schnell, the Neutron Scattering Science Division

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61

American Conference on Neutron Scattering 2010 - ORNL Neutron...  

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Update on Sample Environment Plenary Session: Thom Mason: Neutron Scattering and Energy ACNS website with Program Back to Top an error occurred while processing this directive...

62

International Neutron Scattering Instrumentation School (INSIS...  

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INSIS 2012 International Neutron Scattering Instrumentation School (INSIS) 15 - 27 July, 2012 INSIS 2012 INFN - Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati * Rome, Italy About the School How...

63

ORNL Neutron Scattering User Meeting (ONSUM 2011)  

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and learning about the capabilities of neutron scattering instruments at SNS and HFIR Meeting fellow user scientists and engineers to discuss ongoing research and R&D needs...

64

About US | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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banner What's the Big Deal About Neutron Scattering? Who Conducts Research at SNS and HFIR? Why Do They Come Here? Where Are We? Oak Ridge National Laboratory is home to two of...

65

Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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particles of her milk using small-angle neutron scattering at ORNL's High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR). Casein micelles, a family of related phosphorus-containing proteins, make up...

66

Neutron Condensed Matter Science Staff Directory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Neutron Condensed Matter Science Staff Directory. Dr. Dan Neumann, Group Leader, 301-975-5252. ... Macromolecular and Microstructural Sciences. ...

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Neutron Science TeraGrid Gateway  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The unique contributions of the Neutron Science TeraGrid Gateway (NSTG) are the connection of national user facility instrument data sources to the integrated cyberinfrastructure of the National Science FoundationTeraGrid and the development of a neutron science gateway that allows neutron scientists to use TeraGrid resources to analyze their data, including comparison of experiment with simulation. The NSTG is working in close collaboration with the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) at Oak Ridge as their principal facility partner. The SNS is a next-generation neutron source. It has completed construction at a cost of $1.4 billion and is ramping up operations. The SNS will provide an order of magnitude greater flux than any previous facility in the world and will be available to all of the nation's scientists, independent of funding source, on a peer-reviewed merit basis. With this new capability, the neutron science community is facing orders of magnitude larger data sets and is at a critical point for data analysis and simulation. There is a recognized need for new ways to manage and analyze data to optimize both beam time and scientific output. The TeraGrid is providing new capabilities in the gateway for simulations using McStas and a fitting service on distributed TeraGrid resources to improved turnaround. NSTG staff are also exploring replicating experimental data in archival storage. As part of the SNS partnership, the NSTG provides access to gateway support, cyberinfrastructure outreach, community development, and user support for the neutron science community. This community includes not only SNS staff and users but extends to all the major worldwide neutron scattering centers.

Lynch, Vickie E [ORNL; Chen, Meili [ORNL; Cobb, John W [ORNL; Kohl, James Arthur [ORNL; Miller, Stephen D [ORNL; Speirs, David A [ORNL; Vazhkudai, Sudharshan S [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Data Management Practices | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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to data generated from neutron scattering experiments at the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) and the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS). Any changes to these guidelines will be...

69

TABLE OF CONTENTS 2014 ORNL NEUTRON SCIENCES STRATEGIC PLAN  

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TABLE OF CONTENTS 2014 ORNL NEUTRON SCIENCES STRATEGIC PLAN Executive Summary Director's Message Introduction Neutron Scattering User Facilities Comparison with Leading International Neutron Facilities Strategic Planning and Research Community Involvement New Opportunities Science Priorities Introduction Quantum Materials Materials Synthesis and Performance Soft Molecular Matter Biosciences New and Upgraded Capabilities Enabling Technologies Sources Executing the Plan Strategic Timeline Appendices and Acronyms 3 6 17 55 43 51 59 9 3 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 2014 ORNL NEUTRON SCIENCES STRATEGIC PLAN EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND DIRECTOR'S MESSAGE * Optimizing existing instrumentation with targeted de-

70

Employment Opportunities | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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Open Positions Job openings in ORNL's Neutron Sciences Directorate, including SNS and HFIR, can be found at http:www.ornl.govcareers. Select "View Open Positions" in the left...

71

Education News | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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Centre for Neutron Science and spokesman of the Scientific Directorate at the FRM II reactor in Munich, Richter is one in a coterie of scientists sharpening a blade of...

72

Workshop on Neutron Scattering Applications in Structural Biology...  

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Workshop on Neutron Scattering Applications in Structural Biology Workshop on Neutron Scattering Applications in Structural Biology For the fourth consecutive year, NScD and JINS...

73

Scattering and Instrumentation Sciences | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Scattering and Instrumentation Sciences Scattering and Instrumentation Sciences Materials Sciences and Engineering (MSE) Division MSE Home About Research Areas Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) DOE Energy Innovation Hubs BES Funding Opportunities The Computational Materials and Chemical Sciences Network (CMCSN) Theoretical Condensed Matter Physics Scientific Highlights Reports and Activities Principal Investigators' Meetings BES Home Research Areas Scattering and Instrumentation Sciences Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Research is supported on the fundamental interactions of photons, neutrons, and electrons with matter to understand the atomic, electronic, and magnetic structures and excitations of materials and the relationship of these structures and excitations to materials properties and behavior.

74

Facilities | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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Isotope Reactor. The pulsed neutron source at SNS and the continuous neutron source at HFIR complement each other well and, along with their state-of-the-art instruments, provide...

75

Phonon Studies with Inelastic Neutron Scattering and First ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Phonon Studies with Inelastic Neutron Scattering and .... by Asynchronous In-Situ Neutron Diffraction at the Spallation Neutron Source.

76

Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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Biology & Medicine Archive Biology & Medicine Archive Research Highlights Biology & Medicine Archive Small-Angle Neutron Scattering Team Finds Structural Differences in Sindbis Virus Particles from Different Host Species (2010) Published Work: "The Structure of Sindbis Virus Produced from Vertebrate and Invertebrate Hosts as Determined by Small-Angle Neutron Scattering" Contact: Flora Meilleur Targeted Drug Delivery Systems Studies of the unique structure of synthetic molecules will help in the development of drugs that can target diseased areas of the body. This researched on dendrimers revealed how molecules function within solutions at different pH levels. (2008) Research in progress. Contact: Wei-Ren Chen "Intelligent" Polymers for Biomedical Technologies

77

Dr. George Wignall | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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Dr. George D. Wignall Dr. George D. Wignall Consultant: General-Purpose SANS Instrument (CG-2), HFIR Education Ph.D. in Physics, Sheffield University, England Description of Research Dr. Wignall uses small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) to study the structure of homo-polymers, block-copolymers and polymer blends, using deuterium labeling techniques to "color" polymer molecules and make them "visible" in the condensed state. He makes SANS techniques and instrumentation available to the scientific community through the operation of user-friendly facilities. Selected Publications (from over 240) Y. B. Melnichenko and G. D. Wignall, "Small Angle Neutron Scattering in Materials Science: Recent Practical Applications," Journal of Applied Physics 102 021102 (2007)

78

Neutron Science Forum | ORNL  

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Science Forum SHARE Science Forum Find out more in the 3rd CNMS-SNS Research Forum flyer. Our education programs aim to develop a stimulating environment for discussion,...

79

Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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phase behavior in carbon pores phase behavior in carbon pores Neutrons measure phase behavior in pores at angstrom size Compelling new methods for assessing carbon pores for hydrogen storage in fuel cells Research Contact: Yuri Melnichenko Jan. 2012, Written by Agatha Bardoel Yuri Melnichenko and Lilin He GP-SANS instrument scientist Yuri Melnichenko (left) and postdoctoral associate Lilin He. Researchers have measured the phase behavior of green house gases in pores at the angstrom level, using small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory's High Flux Isotope Reactor. Yuri Melnichenko, an instrument scientist on the General-Purpose Small-Angle Neutron Scattering (GP-SANS) Diffractometer at ORNL's High Flux Isotope Reactor, his postdoctoral associate Lilin He and collaborators

80

Education | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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and x-ray facilities. Lectures include basic tutorials on the principles of scattering theory and the characteristics of the sources, as well as seminars on the application of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "neutron scattering science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Neutron Science | ORNL  

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Organizations User Office User Program Manager Laura Morris Edwards 865.574.2966 HFIR to provide plutonium to NASA for deep space exploration Home | Science & Discovery |...

82

Education | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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Science Forum CNMS-SNS Research Forum poster The NScD education programs aim to develop a stimulating environment for discussion, innovation, and dissemination of information...

83

Neutron Science User Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

provides a user gateway for SNS and HFIR 11 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy #12.) · Complementary to SNS HFIR produces the world's highest thermal neutron flux #12;13 UT-Battelle Department infrastructure (REDC, HFIR, etc.): $3B+ national asset ORNL is uniquely positioned to support advanced nuclear

84

Magnetism Highlights| Neutron Science | ORNL  

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Magnetism Magnetism SHARE Magnetism Highlights 1-5 of 5 Results ARCS maps collaborative magnetic spin behavior in iron telluride December 01, 2011 - Researchers have long thought that magnetism and superconductivity are mutually exclusive. The former typically involves localized atomic electrons. The latter requires freely propagating, itinerant electrons. Unexpected Magnetic Excitations in Doped Insulator Surprise Researchers October 01, 2011 - When doping a disordered magnetic insulator material with atoms of a nonmagnetic material, the conventional wisdom is that the magnetic interactions between the magnetic ions in the material will be weakened. Neutron Analysis Reveals Unique Atomic-Scale Behavior of "Cobalt Blue" September 01, 2011 - Neutron scattering studies of "cobalt blue," a

85

Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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Superconductivity Superconductivity Research Highlights Superconductivity Archive New Neutron Studies Support Magnetism's Role in Superconductors Recent neutron scattering experiments give strong evidence that if superconductivity is related to a material's magnetic properties, the same mechanisms are behind both copper-based, high-temperature superconductors and the newly discovered iron-based superconductors. The research was performed at SNS and HFIR and the ISIS Facility at Rutherford Appleton Laboratory in England. (2010) Published Work: "Evolution of spin excitations into the superconducting state in FeTe1-xSex" Contact: Mark Lumsden Advances in Unconventional Iron-Based Superconductors The discovery of more diverse superconducting materials will lead to more

86

Neutron and X-Ray Scattering - Argonne National Laboratories, Materials  

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Home Home Neutron and X-Ray Scattering Neutron and X-ray Scattering Science Recent advances in neutron and x-ray scattering instrumentation at major DOE facilities such as the Spallation Neutron Source and Advanced Photon Source provide unprecedented insights into complex phenomena in bulk and interfacial materials. The vision of our group is to harness the complementarity of neutrons and x-rays to study how materials respond on a range of length and time scales to phase competition, so that we can learn to control emergent behavior and generate functional properties in energy-related materials. We use neutrons and x-rays to investigate the structure and dynamics of bulk and interfacial materials with properties that are useful for energy applications, such as superconductivity, magnetism and thermoelectricity. Phase competition can generate or enhance such properties, but it is extremely challenging to characterize fluctuations in the competing order, whether in bulk disordered materials, or artificial heterostructures. Our goal is to utilize efficient techniques that we have been developing for measuring nanoscale phase fluctuations, both static and dynamic, to enable the rational design of new materials for energy within MSD.

87

Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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Battery Studies Battery Studies A Wealth of New Battery Research at SNS and HFIR Technical Contacts: Xun-Li Wang, Ashfia Huq, Jung-Hyun Kim October 2010, Written by Carolyn Krause Neutron scattering, capable of looking deep inside the structures of materials used in technologies such as batteries and fuel cells, is a natural tool for research in energy storage and production. Several users of neutron scattering instruments at the SNS and HFIR presented details of their energy-related research to prospective scientific facility users attending the opening session of ORNL's User Week at SNS. Most of the energy-related research reported in the session dealt with batteries for electric and hybrid electric cars. Better batteries are also needed for storing excess electricity generated by wind and solar power so

88

Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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Fast Proton Hopping in Ice Fast Proton Hopping in Ice Fast Proton Hopping in Ice (Ih) Confirmed by Quasi-Elastic Neutron Scattering "With these results, we have an experimental proof of fast proton hopping in ice," researcher says Research Contact: Alexander Kolesnikov June 2011, Written by Agatha Bardoel Protons (positive hydrogen ions) in an ice lattice have been "seen" to fast hop from one water molecule to another, using quasi-elastic neutron scattering at the SNS Backscattering Spectrometer, BASIS. This fundamental phenomenon that occurs at very low temperatures has important consequences for future investigations of proton conductivity in solids. The research could open the door to a new understanding of how electrolytes work in a system. Proton hopping in ice occurs when "extra" protons diffuse through

89

Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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Atomic-Scale Behavior of "Cobalt Blue" Atomic-Scale Behavior of "Cobalt Blue" Neutron Analysis Reveals Unique Atomic-Scale Behavior of "Cobalt Blue" Research Contact: Gregory MacDougall ORNL News Release, September 2011, Media Contact: Bill Cabage Cobalt aluminate Just as cobalt blue's lustrous hue attracts artists and decorators, the antiferromagnetic properties of the responsible compound-cobalt aluminate-are attracting neutron scientists at DOE's Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Studies of magnetic interactions deep within the material's atomic structure may provide clues toward the development of energy-efficient technologies. (Light sconce image courtesy of B. Jefferson Bolender. Click image for high res version.) Neutron scattering studies of "cobalt blue," a compound prized by artists

90

HFIR History - ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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Home › Facilities › HFIR › History Home › Facilities › HFIR › History History of HFIR HFIR was constructed in the mid-1960s to fulfill a need for the production of transuranic isotopes (i.e., "heavy" elements such as plutonium and curium). Since then its mission has grown to include materials irradiation, neutron activation, and, most recently, neutron scattering. In 2007, HFIR completed the most dramatic transformation in its 40-year history. During a shutdown of more than a year, the facility was refurbished and a number of new instruments were installed, as well as a cold neutron source. The reactor was restarted in mid-May; it attained its full power of 85 MW within a couple of days, and experiments resumed within a week. Improvements and upgrades to HFIR include an overhaul of the

91

Neutron Science In the News - 2014 | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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Neutron Science In the News - 2014 Neutron Science In the News - 2014 Because some media sources archive past articles and require a subscription for access, some of the links below might not be active. If a citation listed here is no longer available, please contact the newspaper or your library directly. January Multiphysics Simulations Transmuting Designs for Safer Nuclear Power Engineering.com 1/7 Like the rest of the US's nuclear research reactors, Oak Ridge National Lab's (ORNL) high flux isotope reactor (HFIR) is moving from high-enriched uranium (HEU) fuel to low-enriched uranium (LEU). As such, the safety of the system must be assessed to incorporate the changes in fuel properties and the subsequently modified fuel plate. Due to the recent growth in multiphysics, fluid-structure dynamics

92

Superconductivity | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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Research Highlights Research Highlights Superconductivity Neutron diffraction reveals semiconducting phase and contributes to new understanding of iron-based superconductors Contact: Huibo Cao New VULCAN tests of Japanese cable for US ITER's central magnet system (2012) Contact: Ke An ARCS maps collaborative magnetic spin behavior in iron telluride (2011) Published Work: "Unconventional Temperature Enhanced Magnetism in Fe1:1Te" Contact: Igor Zaliznyak Doug Scalapino discusses "common thread" linking unconventional superconducting materials (2011) Contact: Douglas Scalapino Materials Engineering Research at SNS Helps International Collaboration on Fusion Energy Scientists and engineers at ORNL are working with the ITER Organization and the Japanese Atomic Energy Agency to resolve issues with a critical

93

The Extended Q-Range Small Angle Neutron Scattering ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, The Extended Q-Range Small Angle Neutron Scattering Diffractometer (EQ-SANS) at the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) is a high intensity...

94

Industrial Applications at Small Angle Neutron Scattering and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... at Small Angle Neutron Scattering and Neutron Diffraction of HANARO Reactor .... Structure/Microstructure Analysis of Faulted and Modular Materials from...

95

Neutron Data Analysis & Visualization | More Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the data sets generated by the increasingly powerful neutron scattering instruments at HFIR and SNS grow ever more massive, the facilities' users require significant advances in...

96

ORNL Neutron Sciences Instrument Fact Sheets  

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of each neutron scattering instrument at ORNL. You can also view SNS Instrument and HFIR Instrument pages that go to the related instrument's web pages. Detailed information...

97

News Releases and Features | Neutron Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

June 29, 2012 - Bio-SANS, the Biological Small-Angle Neutron Scattering Instrument at HFIR recently had a detector upgrade that will provide significantly improved performance...

98

Quantum Condensed Matter | Neutron Science | ORNL  

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Quantum Condensed Matter SHARE Quantum Condensed Matter Neutron scattering is a uniquely powerful probe for measuring the structure and dynamics of condensed matter. As such it is...

99

HFIR Experiment Facilities | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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Experiment Facilities Experiment Facilities HFIR Experiment Facilities Neutron Scattering Facilities Target Positions Experiment Facilities in the Beryllium Reflector Large Removable Beryllium Facilities Small Removable Beryllium Facilities Control-Rod Access Plug Facilities Small Vertical Experiment Facilities Large Vertical Experiment Facilities Hydraulic Tube Facility Peripheral Target Positions Neutron Activation Analysis (NAA) Laboratory and Pneumatic Tube Facilities Slant Engineering Facilities Gamma Irradiation Facility Quality Assurance Requirements Contact Information Neutron Scattering Facilities The fully instrumented HFIR will eventually include 15 state-of-the-art neutron scattering instruments, seven of which will be designed exclusively for cold neutron experiments, located in a guide hall south of the reactor

100

Superconductivity Highlights | Neutron Science | ORNL  

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Superconductivity Superconductivity SHARE Superconductivity Highlights 1-6 of 6 Results Doug Scalapino discusses "common thread" linking unconventional superconducting materials December 01, 2012 - Douglas Scalapino was the inaugural speaker for a new joint lecture series sponsored by the Spallation Neutron Source and the Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. New VULCAN tests of Japanese cable for US ITER's central magnet system February 01, 2012 - Neutron testing of the Japanese-made superconducting cable for the central solenoid (CS) magnetic system for US ITER begins next Tuesday, says Ke An, lead instrument scientist for the VULCAN Engineering Materials Diffractometer at the Spallation Neutron Source. ARCS maps collaborative magnetic spin behavior in iron telluride

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "neutron scattering science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

HFIR Experiment Facilities | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Scattering Scattering Neutron Scattering Facilities at HFIR The fully instrumented HFIR will eventually include 15 state-of-the-art neutron scattering instruments, seven of which will be designed exclusively for cold neutron experiments, located in a guide hall south of the reactor building. The currently available instruments and the status of new instruments can be found on the HFIR Instrument Systems pages. Particularly prominent in the cold neutron guide hall are the two small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) instruments, each terminating in a 70-ft-long evacuated cylinder containing a large moveable neutron detector. In addition to the instruments, laboratories are equipped for users to prepare samples. Perhaps the most exciting development at HFIR is the successfully

102

Neutrons for Materials Science and Engineering - ASM Oak Ridge...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of NST2 Attendees Click for full Size Image Welcome Overview - Michelle Buchanon Fundamentals of Neutron Scattering Research - Ian Anderson Neutron Scattering on Magnetic...

103

Application of neutron scattering to biological and hydrogen ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Application of neutron scattering to biological and hydrogen storage materials. Yun Liu, NCNR, NIST. This talk covers two ...

104

Attosecond neutron Compton scattering from protons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effect of "anomalous" scattering of neutrons and electrons from protons in the electron-volt energy-transfer range is considered, and related experimental results are mentioned. A recent independent confirmation of this effect with a new data analysis procedure is presented. Due to the very short characteristic scattering time, there is no well defined separation of time scales of electronic and protonic motions. An outline of a proposed theoretical interpretation is presented, which is based on the fact that scattering protons represent \\textit{open} quantum systems, thus being subject to decoherence.

C. Aris Chatzidimitriou-Dreismann

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

The Science of NSE | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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The Science of the Neutron Spin Echo Spectrometer The Science of the Neutron Spin Echo Spectrometer Main Features NSE is of the original generic IN11 kind, which is the technique with the largest potential to extend the resolution beyond current limits. The instrument possesses a number of unique features: Ultrahigh resolution: τmax ≤ 1 µs (Δħω = 0.7neV) Huge dynamical range extending up to 1:106 Position-sensitive area detector Field compensation and magnetic shielding Optional intensity-modulated mode A moderator detector distance of 18 m yields a frame width of Δλ = 0.366 nm. The resolution of τmax= 1 µs shall be obtained for λ > 1.8 nm (g = 1.8). In addition, due to the TOF λ separation the wavelength dependent part of the Q-resolution is an order of magnitude better than at reactor instruments [3]. Exploiting that the Fourier time τ∼λ3 a subsequent use

106

2010 Neutron Review: ORNL Neutron Sciences Progress Report  

SciTech Connect

During 2010, the Neutron Sciences Directorate focused on producing world-class science, while supporting the needs of the scientific community. As the instrument, sample environment, and data analysis tools at High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR ) and Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) have grown over the last year, so has promising neutron scattering research. This was an exciting year in science, technology, and operations. Some topics discussed are: (1) HFIR and SNS Experiments Take Gordon Battelle Awards for Scientific Discovery - Battelle Memorial Institute presented the inaugural Gordon Battelle Prizes for scientific discovery and technology impact in 2010. Battelle awards the prizes to recognize the most significant advancements at national laboratories that it manages or co-manages. (2) Discovery of Element 117 - As part of an international team of scientists from Russia and the United States, HFIR staff played a pivotal role in the discovery by generating the berkelium used to produce the new element. A total of six atoms of ''ununseptium'' were detected in a two-year campaign employing HFIR and the Radiochemical Engineering Development Center at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and the heavy-ion accelerator capabilities at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna, Russia. The discovery of the new element expands the understanding of the properties of nuclei at extreme numbers of protons and neutrons. The production of a new element and observation of 11 new heaviest isotopes demonstrate the increased stability of super-heavy elements with increasing neutron numbers and provide the strongest evidence to date for the existence of an island of enhanced stability for super-heavy elements. (3) Studies of Iron-Based High-Temperature Superconductors - ORNL applied its distinctive capabilities in neutron scattering, chemistry, physics, and computation to detailed studies of the magnetic excitations of iron-based superconductors (iron pnictides and chalcogenides), a class of materials discovered in 2008. This research is yielding new insights into the relationship between magnetism and superconductivity and has established several key features of this family of high-temperature superconducting (HTS ) materials: the maximum magnetic field at which they can function, the nature of the electrons involved in the superconductivity, the dependence of the properties upon chemical substitution, and the character of the magnetic fluctuations in the material. The results suggest that despite important differences between these materials and the HTS copper oxides, a universal mechanism may be responsible for the unconventional superconductivity. (4) Coal Sequestration Research: A New Home for Greenhouse Gases - One possibility for slowing down the increasing levels of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) in the atmosphere is to capture the gas in natural underground features such as coal seams. Critical to the feasibility of this technology is determining how much CO{sub 2} can be stored, no method for which has been found - until now. (5) Accelerator Reliability Passes 92% - In December 2010, SNS set a new record for itself when the accelerator ran at 1 MW with 100% reliability. Target Performance Exceeds All Expectations - The mercury target used at SNS is the first of its kind. During the design and planning for SNS, many people were skeptical that the target would work. In 2010, it was confirmed that the target was working not only well but much better than anyone would have imagined. (6) Changing the World of Data Acquisition - Researchers at SNS are starting to benefit from event-based data analysis. Event data mode captures and stores an individual data set for every single neutron that strikes a detector - precisely when and where the neutron is detected. This technique provides numerous advantages over traditional methods. Event data mode allows researchers to process their data at the highest resolution possible with no loss of data. This method of data collection provides a much more efficient way for users to gather data a

Bardoel, Agatha A [ORNL; Counce, Deborah Melinda [ORNL; Ekkebus, Allen E [ORNL; Horak, Charlie M [ORNL; Nagler, Stephen E [ORNL; Kszos, Lynn A [ORNL

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Neutron Scattering Experiment Automation with Python  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory currently holds the Guinness World Record as the world most powerful pulsed spallation neutron source. Neutrons scattered off atomic nuclei in a sample yield important information about the position, motions, and magnetic properties of atoms in materials. A neutron scattering experiment usually involves sample environment control (temperature, pressure, etc.), mechanical alignment (slits, sample and detector position), magnetic field controllers, neutron velocity selection (choppers) and neutron detectors. The SNS Data Acquisition System (DAS) consists of real-time sub-system (detector read-out with custom electronics, chopper interface), data preprocessing (soft real-time) and a cluster of control and ancillary PCs. The real-time system runs FPGA firmware and programs running on PCs (C++, LabView) typically perform one task such as motor control and communicate via TCP/IP networks. PyDas is a set of Python modules that are used to integrate various components of the SNS DAS system. It enables customized automation of neutron scattering experiments in a rapid and flexible manner. It provides wxPython GUIs for routine experiments as well as IPython command line scripting. Matplotlib and numpy are used for data presentation and simple analysis. We will present an overview of SNS Data Acquisition System and PyDas architectures and implementation along with the examples of use. We will also discuss plans for future development as well as the challenges that have to be met while maintaining PyDas for 20+ different scientific instruments.

Zolnierczuk, Piotr A [ORNL; Riedel, Richard A [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Publications and Resources | Neutron Science | ORNL  

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ORNL facilities by Neutron Science Directorate staff. We strongly encourage SNS and HFIR users to submit citation information, including URLs, for all publications regarding...

109

Clifford G. Shull Fellowship | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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Clifford G. Shull Fellowship Program is aimed at attracting new scientific talent to ORNL and its neutron science programs, making it possible for these outstanding new...

110

Neutron Scattering Graduate Programs | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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at ORNL and the higher education sector. A major focus has been on the development of cyber-enabled collaborative graduate courses with participation from multiple university and...

111

Neutron Scattering User Program | Neutron Science | ORNL  

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through programs such as internships and postdoctoral programs. The instruments at HFIR and SNS can be used free of charge with the understanding that researchers will publish...

112

Neutron Scattering Portal | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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services can be accessed through the User Portal. Helpful web links to other useful ORNL sites are also available via the portal. Getting Access to Resources Our computing...

113

Scientific opportunities with advanced facilities for neutron scattering  

SciTech Connect

The present report documents deliberations of a large group of experts in neutron scattering and fundamental physics on the need for new neutron sources of greater intensity and more sophisticated instrumentation than those currently available. An additional aspect of the Workshop was a comparison between steady-state (reactor) and pulsed (spallation) sources. The main conclusions were: (1) the case for a new higher flux neutron source is extremely strong and such a facility will lead to qualitatively new advances in condensed matter science and fundamental physics; (2) to a large extent the future needs of the scientific community could be met with either a 5 x 10/sup 15/ n cm/sup -2/s/sup -1/ steady state source or a 10/sup 17/ n cm/sup -2/s/sup -1/ peak flux spallation source; and (3) the findings of this Workshop are consistent with the recommendations of the Major Materials Facilities Committee.

Lander, G.H.; Emery, V.J. (eds.)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Spallation Neutron Source | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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Spallation Neutron Source SNS site, Spring 2012 The 80-acre SNS site is located on the east end of the ORNL campus and is about a three-minute drive from her sister neutron...

115

Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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Unconventional Superconductors Unconventional Superconductors Doug Scalapino discusses "common thread" linking unconventional superconducting materials Dec 2011, Written by Deborah Counce Douglas Scalapino Professor Emeritus Douglas Scalapino. Douglas Scalapino was the inaugural speaker for a new joint lecture series sponsored by the Spallation Neutron Source and the Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. He is Research Professor of Physics at the University of California-Santa Barbara. A leading theorist in condensed matter physics, he has been a fellow of the American Physical Society and a member of the National Academy Sciences. He has been awarded the John Bardeen Prize for theoretical work in superconductivity and the Julius Lilienfeld Prize for outstanding

116

Biology and Soft Matter Division - ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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Home › Neutron Sciences Directorate › Biology and Soft Matter Division Home › Neutron Sciences Directorate › Biology and Soft Matter Division Biology and Soft Matter Division Paul Langan, BSMD Director BSMD Director Paul Langan. The Biology and Soft Matter Division (BSMD) operates an external user program for biological and soft matter research using neutron techniques at SNS and HFIR. Division personnel enable the research initiated by external users by acting as instrument responsible scientists and local contacts on a range of different beam lines. BSMD works closely with the Center for Structural Molecular Biology. Diffraction, small-angle scattering, and reflectometry are ideal methods for studying structure and organization from the atomic to the micron length scales, and neutron spectroscopic methods characterize self and

117

Joint Institute for Neutron Sciences | ornl.gov  

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Joint Institute for Neutron Sciences SHARE Joint Institute for Neutron Sciences JINS is located on Chestnut Ridge within the 80-acre SNS site, part of Oak Ridge National...

118

Materials Highlights | Neutron Science | ORNL  

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Materials Materials SHARE Materials Highlights 1-7 of 7 Results Neutron scattering characterizes dynamics in polymer family December 01, 2012 - Understanding the interplay between structure and dynamics is the key to obtaining tailor-made materials. In the last few years, a large effort has been devoted to characterizing and relating the structure and dynamic properties in families of polymers with alkyl side groups. Theory meets experiment: structure-property relationships in an electrode material for solid-oxide fuel cells December 01, 2012 - Fuel cell technology is one potentially very efficient and environmentally friendly way to convert the chemical energy of fuels into electricity. Solid-oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) can convert a wide variety of fuels with simpler, cheaper designs than those used in

119

Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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Coal Pores: Greenhouse Gases and Coal Pores: Greenhouse Gases and Methane Energy and Environmental Solutions Under Our Feet Mix of neutron scattering techniques helps resolve critical problems of confining greenhouse gases and extracting methane Research Contact: Yuri Melnichenko August 2011, Written by Agatha Bardoel Yuri Melnichenko at the GPSANS instrument GP-SANS instrument scientist Yuri Melnichenko (left) and postdoctoral associate Lilin He. When you heat water in a kettle, you can make tea or coffee. But what happens if the vessel is sealed? Ultimately, at a temperature called the liquid-gas critical point, the density of the liquid and the vapor become identical: There is no more water, there is no more gas. What you have is a supercritical fluid. The phenomenon of liquid-liquid and liquid-gas coexistence was a

120

BASIS Equipment | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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Equipment Equipment BASIS Schematic Schematic of the SNS Backscattering Spectrometer. Helium dewer cooling a sample Helium dewer cooling a sample (bird's eye view). The heart of the work in a typical experiment is setting up the sample in the desired environment. A typical neutron sample ranging from a millimeter to a few centimeters is placed in a specialized cylindrical can and sealed. For liquids, the backscattering instrument often uses an annular can, created by placing a smaller can within a larger can and inserting the liquid sample between the two cans. This picture shows a helium dewer cooling the environment encompassing the sample can, which has been lowered into the beam from the top of the scattering tank. Crystals Crystals. The backscattering spectrometer is defined by the reflection of specific

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "neutron scattering science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Inelastic neutron scattering in valence fluctuation compounds  

SciTech Connect

The valence fluctuation compounds are rare earth intermetallics where hybridization of the nearly-localized 4f electrons with the conduction electrons leads to incorporation of the 4f's into the itinerant states. This hybridization slows down the conduction electrons and hence gives them a heavy effective mass, justifying application of the term 'heavy Fermion' (HF) to these materials. During the project period, we grew large single crystals of several such compounds and measured their properties using both standard thermodynamic probes and state-of-the-art inelastic neutron scattering. We obtained three main results. For the intermediate valence compounds CePd{sub 3} and YbAl{sub 3}, we showed that the scattering of neutrons by the fluctuations of the 4f magnetic moment does not have the momentum dependence expected for the itinerant heavy mass state; rather, the scattering is more typical of a localized spin fluctuation. We believe that incoherent scattering localizes the excitation. For the heavy Fermion compound Ce(Ni{sub 0.935}Pd{sub 0.065}){sub 2}Ge{sub 2}, which sits at a T = 0 critical point for transformation into an antiferromagnetic (AF) phase, we showed that the scattering from the AF fluctuations does not exhibit any of the divergences that are expected at a phase transition. We speculate that alloy disorder profoundly suppresses the growth of the fluctuating AF regions, leading to short range clusters rather than regions of infinite size. Finally, we explored the applicability of key concepts used to describe the behavior of rare earth heavy Fermions to uranium based HF compounds where the 5f electrons are itinerant as opposed to localized. We found that scaling laws relating the spin fluctuation energy measured in neutron scattering to the low temperature specific heat and susceptibility are valid for the uranium compounds, once corrections are made for AF fluctuations; however, the degeneracy of the high temperature moment is smaller than expected for rare-earth-like Hund's rule behavior, essentially because the orbital moment is suppressed for itinerant 5f electrons. We also found that the standard local-moment-based theory of the temperature dependence of the specific heat, susceptibility and neutron scattering fails badly for URu{sub 2}Zn{sub 20} and UCo{sub 2}Zn{sub 20}, even though the theory is phenomenally successful for the closely related rare earth compound YbFe{sub 2}Zn{sub 20}. Both these results highlight the distinction between the itineracy of the 5f's and the localization of the 4f's. It is our hope that these results are sufficiently significant as to stimulate deeper investigation of these compounds.

Jon M Lawrence

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

122

Publications from Research Conducted at IMAGING | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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Publications from Research Conducted at IMAGING Publications from Research Conducted at IMAGING 2013 Publications Barnett A. K., Cox M. N., Crow L., Diawara Y., Funk L. L., Hayward Jason P., Menhard K., Sedov V. N., "A high count rate neutron beam monitor for neutron scattering facilities", IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science 60, 668-670 (2013). Bingham P., Polsky Y., Anovitz L., "Neutron imaging for geothermal energy systems", Proceedings of the SPIE 8661, 86610K (2013). Kang M., "Hydraulic properties of variably-saturated porous media determined using quantitative neutron radiography", University of Tennessee , (2013). Kang M., Bilheux H. Z., Voisin S., Cheng C. L., Perfect E., Horita J., Warren J. M., "Water calibration measurements for neutron radiography: application to water content quantification in porous media", Nuclear

123

Dr. Yuri B. Melnichenko | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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Scientist: General-Purpose Small-Angle Neutron Scattering Spectrometer (CG-2GP-SANS), HFIR Senior Research Staff Education PhD in Polymer Physics, Institute for Macromolecular...

124

Data Analysis & Visualization Division | Neutron Science | ORNL  

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develops software and hardware for the reduction and analysis of data taken on SNS and HFIR neutron scattering instruments. We work closely with the SNS and HFIR Data Acquisition...

125

Topology of forward scattering of neutrons from imperfect multilayers  

SciTech Connect

Neutrons sent at grazing incidence on imperfect multilayers of polymers are scattered both out of and within the plane of reflection. In the latter geometry the scattered intensity is highly structured in two series of ridges, whose loci can be labeled in terms of the neutron momenta. Intersecting ridges show evidence of mode coupling. Similar topology is expected for x-ray scattering.

Felcher, G.P.; Goyette, R.J. (Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)); Anastasiadis, S.; Russell, T.P. (IBM Almaden Research Center, San Jose, California 95120 (United States)); Foster, M.; Bates, F. (Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455 (United States))

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Breast Tissue Imaging | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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Neutron scattering measures samples too hot to hold Neutron scattering measures samples too hot to hold Research Contact: Kenneth Kelton August 2013 Liquids and glasses can have unique optical, electronic, and structural applications but are poorly understood compared to crystalline materials, limiting the ability to take advantage of the characteristics of glasses in a range of applications. Containers can react with molten samples at high temperatures or can favor the growth of crystals over the formation of glasses. Using the chemical and isotopic sensitivity of neutron scattering to understand these disordered structures requires a new capability to hold samples in a neutron beam at high temperature without using a solid physical container. New sample environment equipment at Oak Ridge National Laboratory's (ORNL) Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) enables scientists to

127

POWGEN Users | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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User Information User Information Announcement: POWGEN has started a new partnership with beam line 11A at the Advanced Photon Source where users can get x-ray data if they have an approved POWGEN proposal. Become a POWGEN User POWGEN Experiment Guide: A - Z POWGEN Mail In Program Guide Shipping Addresses for Samples For more detailed information, please visit the ORNL User Facilities Sample Handling and Shipping page. Non-activated samples coming to SNS: Attention: Special requirements (like refrigeration) To: Neutron Sciences User Sample IPTS # XXXX Oak Ridge National Laboratory / SNS Site Chestnut Ridge, Bldg 8920 Oak Ridge, TN 37830 Activated samples (these will also be brought to SNS but must go through check-in procedures at another on-site location): Attention: Special requirements (like refrigeration)

128

Imaging and Neutrons - IAN 2006 - Neutron Sciences  

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SNS Home Saturday, January 11, 2014 SNS Home Saturday, January 11, 2014 Go IAN 2006 Imaging and Neutrons 2006 October 23-25, 2006 Iran Thomas Auditorium Central Laboratory and Office Building Spallation Neutron Source Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN Who Should Attend Synopsis Goals and Expected Outcomes Application Areas Techniques International Advisory Committee Local Organizing Committee Agenda with Presentations NEW Confirmed Speakers Frequently Asked Questions - FAQ Satellite Workshop - Progress in Electron Volt Neutron Spectroscopy eV Worshop Agenda presentations NEW Lodging, Transportation, Bus Schedule Location Directions and Map Registration CLOSED Abstracts, Posters, Contributed Talks Scholarships Sponsors Vendors May Attend Relevant Reports Important Dates Weather Attractions

129

Development of Lithium Lanthanide Borate Scintillator for Neutron Scattering Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have completed the design and testing of neutron scattering instrument detectors for powder diffractometers and single crystal diffractometers. These detectors meet the performance requirements for these types of instruments at the Department of Energy Spallation Neutron Source facility.

Czirr, J.B.; McKnight, T.; Merrill, D.

2004-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

130

ORNL study uses neutron scattering, supercomputing to demystify...  

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ORNL study uses neutron scattering, supercomputing to demystify forces at play in biofuel production This graphical representation of lignocellulosic biomass based on...

131

USANS: the Ultra-Small-Angle Neutron Scattering Instrument at...  

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USANS-Ultra-Small-Angle Neutron Scattering Instrument USANS is designed for the study of hierarchical structures in natural and artificial materials. It can be considered an...

132

News & Events | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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News › 2005 News News › 2005 News Neutron Science In the News - 2005 December November October September August July June May April March February January John Sullivan, Associate Under Secretary, took a tour of the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS), October 4, 2005 John Sullivan, Associate Under Secretary, took a tour of the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS), October 4, 2005. Because some media sources archive past articles and require a subscription for access, some of the links below might not be active. If a citation listed here is no longer available, please contact the newspaper or your library directly. December Spallation Neutron Source Amazing Science Facts Newswise 12/22 The New Year is bringing the science community a grand present: The Spallation Neutron Source at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. On schedule for

133

ANeutron Science In the News - 2013 | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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Neutron Science In the News - 2013 Dec. Nov. Oct. Sept. Aug. July June May April March Feb. Jan. Because some media sources archive past articles and require a subscription for...

134

Chemical and Engineering Materials | Neutron Science | ORNL  

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Chemical and Engineering Materials Chemical and Engineering Materials SHARE Chemical and Engineering Materials Neutron-based research at SNS and HFIR in Chemical and Engineering Materials strives to understand the structure and dynamics of chemical systems and novel engineering materials. The user community takes advantage of capabilities of neutron scattering for measurements over wide ranges of experimental and operating conditions, including studies of chemical and physical changes in situ. User experiments with diffraction, small-angle scattering, inelastic and quasi-elastic scattering, and neutron imaging instruments address a range of problems in chemistry and in engineering materials research. Current areas of research supported within Chemical and Engineering Materials include: The structure and dynamics of electrical energy storage materials

135

Neutron Sciences at Oak Ridge National Laboratory  

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Research Research Find out how neutron scattering can benefit your research. Call for Proposals Proposals for beam time at HFIR and SNS will be accepted via the web-based proposal system until 11:59 a.m. EST, (NOON) Wednesday, February 26, 2014. Comprehensive phonon "map" offers direction for engineering new thermoelectric devices. Comprehensive phonon "map" offers direction for engineering new thermoelectric devices. High-pressure studies of rare earth material could lead to lighter, cheaper magnets High-pressure studies of rare earth material could lead to lighter, cheaper magnets Unfrozen mystery: H2O reveals a new secret Unfrozen mystery: H2O reveals a new secret Neutron scattering workshop promotes high-pressure research Neutron scattering workshop promotes high-pressure research.

136

XII SoNS School of Neutron Scattering  

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XII School of Neutron Scattering (SoNS) XII School of Neutron Scattering (SoNS) "Francesco Paolo Ricci" "Introduction to the theory and techniques of neutron scattering and applications to Cultural Heritage" 30 April - 9 May 2014 A Course within the International School of Solid State Physics ETTORE MAJORANA FOUNDATION AND CENTRE FOR SCIENTIFIC CULTURE, Erice (I) Application deadline: 1 st April 2014 Application is now open for the XII School of Neutron Scattering (SoNS) "Francesco Paolo Ricci": Introduction to the theory and techniques of neutron scattering and applications to Cultural Heritage. The school will be held at the ETTORE MAJORANA FOUNDATION AND CENTRE FOR SCIENTIFIC CULTURE, Erice (Sicily, I) as a specialized course within the International School of Solid State Physics (Director: Giorgio Benedek), between the 30

137

Scattering of Ultra Cold Neutrons on Nano-size Bubbles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inelastic scattering of ultra cold neutrons on bubbles with the size of nanometers is considered. It is shown that neutron-bubble cross section is large and sensitive to different vibration modes of bubbles. This process could be used for study of dynamics of nano-size bubbles and for new methods of ultra cold neutron production.

Vladimir Gudkov

2006-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

138

Imaging Highlights | Neutron Science | ORNL  

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(3-D) neutron images have been taken of rare archaeological artifacts. Bronze and brass artifacts excavated at the ancient city of Petra, in present day Jordan, were recently...

139

Archeological Imaging | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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(3-D) neutron images have been taken of rare archaeological artifacts. Bronze and brass artifacts excavated at the ancient city of Petra, in present day Jordan, were recently...

140

Awards 2012 | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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Neutron Source, and multiscale simulations using the computational resources at the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility. This year awards were given to 68 recipients from...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "neutron scattering science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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Research Highlights For all the latest highlights on research at HFIR and SNS, please see the links at left. Featured Research Neutron diffraction reveals semiconducting phase and...

142

News & Events | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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or your library directly. December Our Views: Bipartisan state, federal support for SNS necessary Oak Ridger, 1220 The success, thus far, of the Spallation Neutron Source...

143

Michael Ohl | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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Michael Ohl Lead Instrument Scientist: Neutron Spin Echo Spectrometer (NSE), SNS http:www.jcns.info Education PhD in Physics, University of Augsburg, Germany Description of...

144

Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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by: Agatha Bardoel Melissa Sharp and Michael Ohl at the Neutron Spin Echo Instrument at SNS. Melissa Sharp, NSE instrument scientist, and ORNL biophysicist Alex Johs at the...

145

Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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of electrons through the semiconductor. Researchers from the University of Alabama and ORNL used polarized neutrons at the MR to investigate the electronic, magnetic, and...

146

Neutron Science Research Areas | ORNL  

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Biology and Soft Matter Chemical and Engineering Materials Quantum Condensed Matter Neutron Data Analysis and Visualization Research Highlights Facilities and Capabilities...

147

Teacher Programs | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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Diffractometer, explains neutron diffractometry to teachers participating in the STARs program. Ashfia Huq (front), instrument scientist for the SNS Powder Diffractometer, explains...

148

Deterministic Multigroup Modeling of Thermal Effect on Neutron Scattering by Heavy Nuclides.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The principal physical phenomenon underlying the computation of neutron spectra is the nuclear reaction in which neutrons lose or gain energy, i.e., the neutron scattering (more)

Ghrayeb, Shadi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Neutrons in Biology, ORNL  

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Scattering Sciences Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory Phone: 865.241.2897 SNS Logo HFIR Logo General Information The unique potential of neutron scattering in structural...

150

Neutrons in Biology, ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Scattering Sciences Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory Phone: 865.576.2779 SNS Logo HFIR Logo General Information The unique potential of neutron scattering in structural...

151

Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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a surprising lack of information about the magnetic excitation spectrum of these unconventional systems. SEQUOIA is an ideal instrument to study weak magnetic scattering,...

152

2011 U.S. National School on Neutron and X-ray Scattering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 13th annual U.S. National School on Neutron and X-ray Scattering was held June 11 to 25, 2011, at both Oak Ridge and Argonne National Laboratories. This school brought together 65 early career graduate students from 56 different universities in the US and provided them with a broad introduction to the techniques available at the major large-scale neutron and synchrotron x-ray facilities. This school is focused primarily on techniques relevant to the physical sciences, but also touches on cross-disciplinary bio-related scattering measurements. During the school, students received lectures by over 30 researchers from academia, industry, and national laboratories and participated in a number of short demonstration experiments at Argonne's Advanced Photon Source (APS) and Oak Ridge's Spallation neutron Source (SNS) and High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) facilities to get hands-on experience in using neutron and synchrotron sources. The first week of this year's school was held at Oak Ridge National Lab, where Lab director Thom Mason welcomed the students and provided a shitorical perspective of the neutron and x-ray facilities both at Oak Ridge and Argonne. The first few days of the school were dedicated to lectures laying out the basics of scattering theory and the differences and complementarity between the neutron and x-ray probes given by Sunil Sinha. Jack Carpenter provided an introduction into how neutrons are generated and detected. After this basic introduction, the students received lectures each morning on specific techniques and conducted demonstration experiments each afternoon on one of 15 different instruments at either the SNS or HFIR. Some of the topics covered during this week of the school included inelastic neutron scattering by Bruce Gaulin, x-ray and neutron reflectivity by Chuck Majkrazak, small-angle scattering by Volker Urban, powder diffraction by Ashfia Huq and diffuse scattering by Gene Ice.

Lang, Jonathan [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); te Vethuis, Suzanne [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Ekkebus, Allen E [ORNL; Chakoumakos, Bryan C [ORNL; Budai, John D [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

News & Events | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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Spallation Neutron Source. ORNL said the Spin Echo was installed on Beam Line 15 at the SNS. Eventually, there'll be 25 research instruments of varying types and capabilities,...

154

News & Media - ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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Media banner News & Media New SNS Power Record Achieved: 1.4 MW Xiaoguang Hao Click the image to download the video. Examples of Nondestructive Examination Using Neutron Imaging...

155

Dr. Michael Agamalian | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dr. Michael Agamalian Dr. Michael Agamalian Lead Scientist, Ultra-Small-Angle Neutron Scattering (USANS), SNS Education PhD in Physics, St. Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Russia Description of Research Michael Agamalian and collaborators have made important contributions to the development of the ORNL Bonse-Hart Ultra-Small-Angle Neutron Scattering instrument (USANS). In particular, they adopted the classical X-ray Bonse-Hart technique for neutrons by modifying the Si channel-cut crystal and introducing an additional element, a Cd absorber. This innovation, combined with application of a specialized chemical-mechanical treatment of the diffractive surfaces of the Si channel-cut crystal, has increased the sensitivity of the ORNL USANS instrument by three orders of magnitude. This

156

Neutron beam characterization measurements at the Manuel Lujan Jr. neutron scattering center  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We have measured the neutron beam characteristics of neutron moderators at the Manuel Lujan Jr. Neutron Scattering Center at LANSCE. The absolute thermal neutron flux, energy spectra and time emission spectra were measured for the high resolution and high intensity decoupled water, partially coupled liquid hydrogen and partially coupled water moderators. The results of our experimental study will provide an insight into aging of different target-moderator-reflector-shield components as well as new experimental data for benchmarking of neutron transport codes.

Mocko, Michal [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Muhrer, Guenter [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Daemen, Luke L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kelsey, Charles T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Duran, Michael A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tovesson, Fredrik K [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Polyelectrolyte biomaterials - Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home › Research › Highlights › Polyelectrolyte biomaterials Home › Research › Highlights › Polyelectrolyte biomaterials Detecting the shape of polymer chains inside polyelectrolyte biomaterials Bio-SANS research for replacing cartilage in the spine and knees Research Contact: Marie Markarian Feb. 2012, Written by Agatha Bardoel Left: neutron scattering with contrast variation reveals the coil conformation of single polymer molecules in a blend of PSS and PDADMA. Contrast variation is achieved by deuteration of some of the PSS molecules (D-PSS) in the mixture. Right: The slope of the scattering curve exhibits a power law dependence Q-2, which is a characteristic signature of the random coil conformation of a polymer chain molecule. Left: neutron scattering with contrast variation reveals the coil conformation of single polymer molecules in a blend of PSS and PDADMA.

158

News & Events | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

News, 0609 Along the Chestnut Ridge overlooking where scientists built the first atomic bomb during World War II, the nation's biggest civilian science project is taking...

159

News & Events | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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is no longer available, please contact the newspaper or your library directly. December SNS, Center for Nanophase Materials Science receive recognition Oak Ridger, 1227 Two Oak...

160

SCIENCE HIGHLIGHTS 2008 ANNUAL REPORT ORNL NEUTRON SCIENCES neutrons...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for the treatment of cancers. Wei-Ren Chen, who received his doctorate in nuclear science and engineering at MIT in 2004, is a Clifford G. Shull fellow at ORNL. Chen studies...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "neutron scattering science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Los Alamos Neutron Science Center | National Nuclear Security...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Neutron Science Center | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response...

162

Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Neutron/Proton Capture Neutron/Proton Capture Beam Line 13 Fuels Discovery Fever for Fundamental Physicists Research Contact: Geoff Greene June 2011, Written by Agatha Bardoel Serpil Kucuker Dogan (left) and Matthew Musgrave prepare a helium-3 cooling cell that is used to measure the angle at which the neutron beam strikes the liquid hydrogen sample. The simplest, most sensible " Big Bang" universe, theoretical physicists believe, would be one in which equal numbers of particles and antiparticles are formed in pairs. As the universe cools, most of these particles would encounter their antiparticles, and they would annihilate. "In many ways, the most reasonable universe would be one in which there is no matter," says the University of Tennessee's Dr. Geoff Greene.

163

ORNL Neutron Sciences Annual Report for 2007  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is the first annual report of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Neutron Sciences Directorate for calendar year 2007. It describes the neutron science facilities, current developments, and future plans; highlights of the year's activities and scientific research; and information on the user program. It also contains information about education and outreach activities and about the organization and staff. The Neutron Sciences Directorate is responsible for operation of the High Flux Isotope Reactor and the Spallation Neutron Source. The main highlights of 2007 were highly successful operation and instrument commissioning at both facilities. At HFIR, the year began with the reactor in shutdown mode and work on the new cold source progressing as planned. The restart on May 16, with the cold source operating, was a significant achievement. Furthermore, measurements of the cold source showed that the performance exceeded expectations, making it one of the world's most brilliant sources of cold neutrons. HFIR finished the year having completed five run cycles and 5,880 MWd of operation. At SNS, the year began with 20 kW of beam power on target; and thanks to a highly motivated staff, we reached a record-breaking power level of 183 kW by the end of the year. Integrated beam power delivered to the target was 160 MWh. Although this is a substantial accomplishment, the next year will bring the challenge of increasing the integrated beam power delivered to 887 MWh as we chart our path toward 5,350 MWh by 2011.

Anderson, Ian S [ORNL; Horak, Charlie M [ORNL; Counce, Deborah Melinda [ORNL; Ekkebus, Allen E [ORNL

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Ke An | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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Ke An Ke An Lead Instrument Scientist: VULCAN Education Ph.D. Department of Engineering Science and Mechanics, Virginia Tech, 2003. M.S. Department of Chemical Engineering, Tianjin University, 2000. B.S. Department of Chemical Engineering, Tianjin University, 1998. B.S. Department of Management, Tianjin University, 1998. Honors/Awards 2011 Siemens Teachers as Researchers Mentor Performance Award Supplemental Performance Award, NSSD, ORNL, 2009 Excellence in Science and Technology Research and Development, Ministry of Education, China. 2003. "A Study on Low Cycle Fatigue of Metal Materials under Multiaxial Nonproportional Loading". Excellence in Science and Technology Research and Development, Government of Tianjin City, China. 2002, "Life Prediction of Multiaxial Low Cycle

165

Published Research 2008 | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 8 Most publications are in Adobe Portable Document Format. Download Adobe Reader. For more information about any of these publications, please contact the Neutrons Sciences Communications Office. Primary Author Index: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A Abernathy D. L., "ARCS: a wide Angular-Range Chopper Spectrometer at the SNS", Notiziario Neutroni e Luce di Sincrotrone 13, 4-7 . Ambaye H., Goyette R., Parizzi A., Klose F., "SNS magnetism reflectometer", Neutron News 19, 11-13. Anderson I. S., Horak C. M., Counce D. M., Ekkebus A. E., "ORNL Neutron Sciences Annual Report for 2007", ORNL/TM-2009/111. Ankner J. F., Tao X., Halbert C. E., Browning J. F., Kilbey II S. M., Swader O. A., admun M. S., Kharlampieva E., Sukhishvili S. A., "The SNS

166

Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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plastic makers can use to improve manufacturing techniques. The work is funded by ExxonMobil and is the basis for a new National Science Foundation Center that involves...

167

Media Center | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sciences news is updated regularly from newspapers and other news sources by the ORNL Library. An e-mail alert is distributed when new stories are added. To add your name to...

168

Biology and Soft Matter | Neutron Sciences | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biology and Soft Matter Biology and Soft Matter SHARE Biology and Soft Matter This is a time of unprecedented opportunity for using neutrons in biological and soft matter research. The US Department of Energy (DOE) has invested in two forefront neutron user facilities, the accelerator-based Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) and the reactor-based High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR), at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Researchers have access to new instrumentation on some of the world's most intense neutron beam lines for studying the structure, function, and dynamics of complex systems. We anticipate that soft matter and biological sciences of tomorrow will require understanding, predicting, and manipulating complex systems to produce the new materials and products required to meet our nation's

169

Neutron-deuteron elastic scattering and three-nucleon force  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The differential cross section for neutron-deuteron elastic scattering was measured at six angles over the center-of-mass angular range 65? - 1300? and incident neutron energies 140 - 240 MeV at the LANSCE/WNR facility of ...

Chtangeev, Maxim B

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Souleymane Omar Diallo | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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Souleymane Omar Diallo Souleymane Omar Diallo Quantum Condensed Matter Division Education Ph.D. Physics, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA (2007). BSc. Physics, Université Cadi-Ayyad, Marrakesh, Morocco (1999). Description of Research Dynamics of Water in Confinement, Proteins Dynamics, Porous Materials, Neutron and X-ray Scattering, Soft Condensed Matter Physics, Supefluidity and Superconductivity, Quantum Fluids and Solids, Ferroelectricity. Selected Publications J. Charmichael and S.O. Diallo, "A cryogenic high pressure cell for neutron scattering measurements of quantum fluids and solids", submitted Review of Scientific Instruments (2012) S.O. Diallo, E. Mamontov, S. Inagaki, Y. Fukushima, and N. Wada, "Enhanced Translational Dynamics of Water under Electric Field" Phys.

171

Measurements of the Thermal Neutron Scattering Kernel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

world's most powerful neutron source, the $1.4 billion Spallation Neutron Source At 1.4MW, SNS produces. SNS will feature 24 beamlines for physics, chemistry, biology, materials research. www.sns.gov #12 · Coproduction of epithermal, thermal and cold neutrons #12;SNS Instrument Beam Lines 1st experimentproposed 2nd

Danon, Yaron

172

William Heller | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

William Heller William Heller Instrument Scientist: EQ-SANS Education B.S. in Physics and Mathematics, 1993; University of Nebraska-Lincoln; Lincoln, NE M.A. in Physics, 1996; Rice University; Houston, TX; Thesis Advisor: Prof. H. W. Huang Ph.D. in Physics, 1999; Positions Held: 1999-2002: Postdoctoral Research Associate, Bioscience Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory. Supervisor: Jill Trewhella, Ph.D. 2002-2004: Postdoctoral Research Associate, Condensed Matter Sciences Division and Center for Structural Molecular Biology, Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Supervisors: Michelle V. Buchanan, Ph.D., George D. Wignall, Ph.D., and Dean A. A. Myles, Ph.D. 2004-2008: Chemist/Biophysicist Research Associate, Chemical Sciences Division and Center for Structural Molecular Biology, Oak Ridge National

173

Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home › Research › Highlights › Biology & Medicine Home › Research › Highlights › Biology & Medicine Research Highlights Biology & Medicine New technique for improving cancer detection Contact:Maria Cekanova Neutrons help shed light on critical protein activity that protects our DNA Published Work: "A new structural framework for integrating replication protein A into DNA processing machinery" Contact: Walter Chazin SNS researchers overcome the freezing sample problem in biostudies (2012) Published Work: "Water-protein dynamic coupling and new opportunities for probing it at low to physiological temperatures in aqueous solutions" Contact: Eugene Mamontov Studying how a protein's dynamics can take down a killer (2012) Contact: Melissa Sharp Martha "cow-laborates" to help unravel protein structure in milk

174

Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biotechnology & Energy Biotechnology & Energy Neutron Imaging Reveals Lithium Distribution in Lithium-Air Electrodes Published Work: "Anomalous Discharge Product Distribution in Lithium-Air Cathodes" Contact: Jagjit Nanda Theory meets experiment: structure-property relationships in an electrode material for solid-oxide fuel cells (2012) Published Work: "Unveiling structure-property relationships in Sr2Fe1.5Mo0.5O6-#, an electrode material for symmetric solid oxide fuel cells" Contact: Ana B. Munoz-Garcia ORNL researchers probe invisible vacancies in fuel cell materials (2012) Published Work: "Probing oxygen vacancy concentration and homogeneity in solid-oxide fuel-cell cathode materials on the subunit-cell level" Contact: Albina Borisevich Studying how a protein's dynamics can take down a killer

175

News & Events | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 News 8 News Neutron Science In the News - 2008 November October September August July June May March February January Because some media sources archive past articles and require a subscription for access, some of the links below might not be active. If a citation listed here is no longer available, please contact the newspaper or your library directly. October Research Visits Just Budding at Spallation Neutron Source Knoxville News Sentinel 10/29 When the Spallation Neutron Source was in the proposal stage and under construction, its supporters said the $1.4 billion research complex would eventually attract about 2,000 scientists a year to Oak Ridge to perform experiments and otherwise do their thing. That number, as I recall, was lumped together with researchers at the recently upgraded High Flux Isotope

176

Detectors - Instrument Support | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Detectors › R & D 100 Award Detectors › R & D 100 Award ORNL team wins R&D 100 award for wavelength-shifting scintillator detector Neutron facilities, national security monitoring will benefit from high-accuracy detector June 2012, Written by Agatha Bardoel A team of eight scientists and technicians in the Neutron Sciences Directorate has won a prestigious R&D 100 Award from R&D Magazine for developing a highly efficient new detector system that helps take pressure off dwindling worldwide supplies of 3He as an active neutron converter. Members of the team receiving an R&D 100 Award for the wavelength-shifting scintillator detector Members of the team receiving an R&D 100 Award for the wavelength-shifting scintillator detector are shown with their invention. They are (from left)

177

Published Research 2012 | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 2 Most publications are in Adobe Portable Document Format. Download Adobe Reader. For more information about any of these publications, please contact the Neutrons Sciences Communications Office. Primary Author Index: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A Abdou A., Wendel M., Riemer B., Volpenheini E., Brewster R., "Two-phase flow simulations of protective gas layer for Spallation Neutron Source target", ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition 2011. Abernathy D. L., Stone M. B., Loguillo M. J., Lucas M. S., Delaire O., Tang X., Lin J. Y.Y., Fultz B., "Design and operation of the wide angular-range chopper spectrometer ARCS at the Spallation Neutron Source", Review of Scientific Instruments 83, 15114. Aczel A. A., Granroth G. E., MacDougall G. J., Buyers W. J.L.,

178

Investigating Microscopic Heat Transport with Neutron Scattering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In-Situ Neutron Diffraction and Crystal Plasticity Modeling of a-Uranium In-Situ Studies of the ... Thermal Residual Stresses and Strains in Depleted Uranium.

179

Neutron Scattering Analysis of Magnetostructural Phase ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Experiments to observe the structural and magnetic phase transformations were performed at the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) at Oak Ridge National...

180

Introduction to Small-Angle Neutron Scattering and Neutron ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... where g(r) is the pair correlation function for the scattering objects and lng(r) is directly related to the potential energy function that describes the ...

2010-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "neutron scattering science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Moderators - Instrument Support | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Moderators Moderators Detailed design of scattering instruments requires detailed knowledge of the neutron beam emitted from the moderator in question. We are currently providing moderator performance estimates based on the result of detailed Monte Carlo simulations of the entire target system. These simulations are being performed for both the High Power Target Station (HPTS) and the Long Wavelength Target Station (LWTS), and have been performed for the Intense Pulsed Neutron Source (IPNS) in the same manner. We make the IPNS source files available as a means to benchmark instrument simulation codes. These files follow a particular "source file format" which will adapt to the changing needs of instrument simulation as necessary. We also provide worked examples showing how to use the information in the source files

182

HFIR Instrument Systems | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Click for more information about the HFIR beamline Experiment Hall Click for more information about the HFIR beamline Experiment Hall HFIR instrument layout. Click for details. Instruments at the High Flux Isotope Reactor The instrument suite at HFIR is supported by a variety of sample environments and on-site laboratories for user convenience. If you're unsure which instrument(s) would most benefit your research, or if you would like to request capabilities that you don't see here, please contact our user office. All HFIR Instrument fact sheets are also available in this single PDF document. Available to Users Beam Line Fact Sheet Instrument Name Contact CG-1 Development Beam Line Lee Robertson CG-1D PDF IMAGING - Neutron Imaging Prototype Facility Hassina Bilheux CG-2 PDF GP-SANS - General-Purpose Small-Angle Neutron Scattering Diffractometer Ken Littrell

183

Neutron Imaging of Hydrogen in Steels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Applied Neutron Scattering in Engineering and Materials Science Research. Presentation Title, Neutron Imaging of Hydrogen in Steels. Author(s)...

184

Published Research 2006 | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 6 Most publications are in Adobe Portable Document Format. Download Adobe Reader. For more information about any of these publications, please contact the Neutrons Sciences Communications Office. Primary Author Index: B C E F G H I J K L M N O P R S T W X Y B E. D. Bauer, A. D. Christianson, J. S. Gardner, V. A. Sidorov, J. D. Thompson, J. L. Sarrao, and M. F. Hundley, "Physical properties of the ferromagnetic heavy-fermion compound UIr2Zn20," Physical Review B 74, (Oct 2006). B. Bennett, P. Langan, L. Coates, M. Mustyakimov, B. Schoenborn, E.E. Howell, C. Dealwis, "Neutron diffraction studies of Escherichia coli dihydrofolate reductase complexed with methotrexate," PNAS of the United States of America 103(49), pp. 18493-8 (5 Dec. 2006). M. L. Benson, P. K. Liaw, H. Choo, T. A. Saleh, D. W. Brown, M. R.

185

Published Research 2007 | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 7 Most publications are in Adobe Portable Document Format. Download Adobe Reader. For more information about any of these publications, please contact the Neutrons Sciences Communications Office. Primary Author Index: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P R S T U V W X Y Z A R. Alarcon, "Fundamental physics with cold and ultracold neutrons," Revista Mexicana De Fisica 53, 125-127 (February 2007). Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Newsline, "RIT Targeting of HIV-Infected Cells," Journal of Nuclear Medicine 48 (1), 14N (2007). A. Aleksandrov, C. Deibele, and T. Roseberry, "New Design of the SNS MEBT Chopper Deflector," Proc. of the 2007 Particle Accelerator Conference, 1817-1819, Albuquerque, New Mexico, June 25-29, 2007. A. Aleksandrov, S. Assadi, W. Blokland, P. Chu, S. Cousineau, V.

186

Published Research 2011 | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 Most publications are in Adobe Portable Document Format. Download Adobe Reader. For more information about any of these publications, please contact the Neutrons Sciences Communications Office. Primary Author Index: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A Abdou A., Wendel M., Riemer B., Volpenhein E., Brewster R., "Two-phase flow simulations of protective gas layer for Spallation Neutron Source target", Proceedings of the ASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition, IMECE2011-64346. Abdulbaki M. K., "Nanoparticle effects on polymer crystallization and dynamics", University of Houston. Abell D. T., Bruhwiler D. L., Choi Y., Mahalingam S., Stoltz P., Han B., Stock M. P., "Simulation of H- beam chopping in a solenoid-based

187

News & Events - ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 News 0 News Neutron Science In the News - 2000 December November October September August July June May April March February January Because some media sources archive past articles and require a subscription for access, some of the links below might not be active. If a citation listed here is no longer available, please contact the newspaper or your library directly. December Construction trade program graduates first class Oak Ridger, 12/19 Lawrence T. Young, president and chief executive officer of CROET, "Apprenticeships and pre-apprenticeship programs ensure East Tennesseans have access to the economic opportunities that are opening up at SNS." SNS Holds Construction Job Fair Dec. 20 Oak Ridger, 12/19 The Spallation Neutron Source project is sponsoring a construction worker

188

Published Research 2009 | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9 9 Most publications are in Adobe Portable Document Format. Download Adobe Reader. For more information about any of these publications, please contact the Neutrons Sciences Communications Office. Primary Author Index: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A Abdou A., Wendel M., Felde D., Riemer B., "CFD validation of gas injection in flowing mercury over vertical smooth and grooved wall", Proceedings of the ASME Fluids Engineering Division Summer Conference 2009. Agamalian M., Carpenter J. M., Richardson J. W., "Validity of the Darwin and Ewald reflectivity functions in the range of the far wings: neutron diffraction study", Physics Letters A 373, 292-295. Alfonsov A., Vavilova E., Kataev V., Buchner B., Podlesnyak A., Russina M., Furrer A., Strassle Th., Pomjakushina E., Conder K., Khomskii

189

Published Research 2009 | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

09 09 Published Research 2009 Most publications are in Adobe Portable Document Format. Download Adobe Reader. For more information about any of these publications, please contact the Neutrons Sciences Communications Office. Primary Author Index: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A A. Abdou, M. Wendel, D. Felde, and B. Riemer, "CFD validation of gas injection in flowing mercury over vertical smooth and grooved wall," Proceedings of the ASME Fluids Engineering Division Summer Conference 2009, FEDSM2009 1 (Part B), 1061-1067 (2009). M. Agamalian, J. M. Carpenter, and J. W. Richardson, "Validity of the Darwin and Ewald reflectivity functions in the range of the far wings: Neutron diffraction study." Physics Letters A 373, 292-295 (2009). A. Alfonsov, E. Vavilova, V. Kataev, B. Büchner, A. Podlesnyak, M.

190

Neutron Form Factor from Neutrino-Nucleus Coherent Elastic Scattering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze the prospect of measuring the neutron form factor of a nucleus through the detection of neutrino-nucleus coherent elastic scattering. We predict numbers of events in a liquid noble nuclear recoil detector at a stopped pion neutrino source. We discuss the precision required to distinguish between different theoretical models for the form factor.

Philip S. Amanik; Gail C. McLaughlin

2007-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

191

A workshop on enhanced national capability for neutron scattering  

SciTech Connect

This two-day workshop will engage the international neutron scattering community to vet and improve the Lujan Center Strategic Plan 2007-2013 (SP07). Sponsored by the LANL SC Program Office and the University of California, the workshop will be hosted by LANSCE Professor Sunny Sinha (UCSD). Endorsement by the Spallation Neutron Source will be requested. The discussion will focus on the role that the Lujan Center will play in the national neutron scattering landscape assuming full utilization of beamlines, a refurbished LANSCE, and a 1.4-MW SNS. Because the Lujan Strategic Plan is intended to set the stage for the Signature Facility era at LANSCE, there will be some discussion of the long-pulse spallation source at Los Alamos. Breakout groups will cover several new instrument concepts, upgrades to present instruments, expanded sample environment capabilities, and a look to the future. The workshop is in keeping with a request by BES to update the Lujan strategic plan in coordination with the SNS and the broader neutron community. Workshop invitees will be drawn from the LANSCE User Group and a broad cross section of the US, European, and Pacific Rim neutron scattering research communities.

Hurd, Alan J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Rhyne, James J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Lewis, Paul S [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Facilities and Capabilities | Neutron Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Isotope Reactor and the Spallation Neutron Source. The continuous neutron source at HFIR and the pulsed neutron source at SNS complement each other well and, along with their...

193

News & Events | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

10 News 10 News Neutron Science In the News - 2010 December November October September August July June May April March Feb. January Because some media sources archive past articles and require a subscription for access, some of the links below might not be active. If a citation listed here is no longer available, please contact the newspaper or your library directly. December 4 ORNL scientists named American Physical Society Fellows EurekAlert 12/17 David Christen, David Geohegan, Xun-Li Wang and William Weber were named APS fellows in recognition of their outstanding contributions to physics. APS fellowship is limited to no more than one half of one percent of the society's membership. Christen, a researcher in ORNL's Material Sciences and Technology Division, was recognized by the APS for his sustained discovery and leadership in

194

2009 International Conference on Neutron Scattering (ICNS 2009)  

SciTech Connect

The ICNS provides a focal point for the worldwide neutron user community to strengthen ties within this diverse group, while at the same time promoting neutron research among colleagues in related disciplines identified as ?¢????would-be?¢??? neutron users. The International Conference on Neutron Scattering thus serves a dual role as an international user meeting and a scientific meeting. As a venue for scientific exchange, the ICNS showcases recent results and provides forums for scientific discussion of neutron research in diverse fields such as hard and soft condensed matter, liquids, biology, magnetism, engineering materials, chemical spectroscopy, crystal structure, and elementary excitations, fundamental physics and development of neutron instrumentation through a combination of invited talks, contributed talks and poster sessions. Each of the major national neutron facilities (NIST, LANSCE, ANL, HFIR and SNS), along with their international counterparts, has an opportunity to exchange information with each other and to update users, and potential users, of their facility. This is also an appropriate forum for users to raise issues that relate to the facilities.

Gopal Rao, PhD; Donna Gillespie

2010-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

195

A Neutron Scattering Kernel of Solid Methane in phase II  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A neutron scattering cross section model for solid methane was studied in the temperature ranges of 20.4$\\sim$4K. The analytical scattering kernel was adapted from Ozaki.$\\it{et al.}$\\cite{ozaki:3442}\\cite{ozaki2} to describe molecular rotation in this temperature range. This model includes a molecular translation and intramolecular vibration as well as the rotational degree of freedom in effective ways. Total scattering cross sections were calculated from the model and evaluated by comparing with the cross section measurement of Grieger\\cite{grieger:3161} and Whittemore\\cite{Wittemore} for incident neutron energy of 0.1 \\textit{meV} $\\sim$ 1\\textit{eV}. We produced frequency spectra from the model in the temperature range. The results were also compared with the Harker $&$ Brugger frequency spectrum at 22K\\cite{HARKER1967}. For broader applications, neutron scattering kernels for MCNP (Monte Carlo N Particle Transport Code) were produced at 20K and 4K from the frequency spectra using NJOY code. The scatt...

Shin, Yunchang; Liu, Chen-yu; Lavelle, Christopher M; Baxter, David V

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

CORELLI: the Elastic Diffuse Scattering Spectrometer at SNS | ORNL Neutron  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Elastic Diffuse Scattering Spectrometer The Elastic Diffuse Scattering Spectrometer CORELLI The CORELLI instrument. CORELLI is a statistical chopper spectrometer with energy discrimination. It's designed and optimized to probe complex disorder in crystalline materials through diffuse scattering of single-crystal samples. The momentum transfer ranges from 0.5 to 12 Å-1, and the energy of incident neutrons ranges from 10 to 200 meV. This instrument combines the high efficiency of white-beam Laue diffraction with energy discrimination by modulating the beam with a statistical chopper. A cross-correlation method is used to reconstruct the elastic signal from the modulated data. Accurate modeling of the short-range order associated with the diffuse scattering requires measurements over large volumes of three-dimensional reciprocal space, with sufficient momentum

197

Introduction to Neutron and X-Ray Scattering  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Scattering Studies of Thin Scattering Studies of Thin Polymer Films Introduction to Neutron and X-Ray Scattering Sunil K. Sinha UCSD/LANL Acknowledgements: Prof. R.Pynn( Indiana U.) Prof. M.Tolan (U. Dortmund) Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen 1845-1923 1895: Discovery of X-Rays 1901 W. C. Röntgen in Physics for the discovery of x-rays. 1914 M. von Laue in Physics for x-ray diffraction from crystals. 1915 W. H. Bragg and W. L. Bragg in Physics for crystal structure determination. 1917 C. G. Barkla in Physics for characteristic radiation of elements. 1924 K. M. G. Siegbahn in Physics for x-ray spectroscopy. 1927 A. H. Compton in Physics for scattering of x-rays by electrons. 1936 P. Debye in Chemistry for diffraction of x-rays and electrons in gases.

198

Neutrons for Catalysis: A Workshop on Neutron Scattering Techniques for Studies in Catalysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report summarizes the Workshop on Neutron Scattering Techniques for Studies in Catalysis, held at the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) on September 16 and 17, 2010. The goal of the Workshop was to bring experts in heterogeneous catalysis and biocatalysis together with neutron scattering experimenters to identify ways to attack new problems, especially Grand Challenge problems in catalysis, using neutron scattering. The Workshop locale was motivated by the neutron capabilities at ORNL, including the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) and the new and developing instrumentation at the SNS. Approximately 90 researchers met for 1 1/2 days with oral presentations and breakout sessions. Oral presentations were divided into five topical sessions aimed at a discussion of Grand Challenge problems in catalysis, dynamics studies, structure characterization, biocatalysis, and computational methods. Eleven internationally known invited experts spoke in these sessions. The Workshop was intended both to educate catalyst experts about the methods and possibilities of neutron methods and to educate the neutron community about the methods and scientific challenges in catalysis. Above all, it was intended to inspire new research ideas among the attendees. All attendees were asked to participate in one or more of three breakout sessions to share ideas and propose new experiments that could be performed using the ORNL neutron facilities. The Workshop was expected to lead to proposals for beam time at either the HFIR or the SNS; therefore, it was expected that each breakout session would identify a few experiments or proof-of-principle experiments and a leader who would pursue a proposal after the Workshop. Also, a refereed review article will be submitted to a prominent journal to present research and ideas illustrating the benefits and possibilities of neutron methods for catalysis research.

Overbury, Steven {Steve} H [ORNL; Coates, Leighton [ORNL; Herwig, Kenneth W [ORNL; Kidder, Michelle [ORNL

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Neutrons  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

School on Neutron and X-ray Scattering Oak Ridge 10-24 August 2013 John M. Carpenter ANL, ORNLSNS 18 August 2013 2 Neutron Detection How does one detect a neutron? - It is...

200

Capabilities of the CNCS Instrument | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in one day. A recent example is a study of the phonon spectra in PbTe, one of the leading thermoelectric materials. Using a combination of inelastic neutron scattering measurements...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "neutron scattering science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

News & Events | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 News 2 News Neutron Science In the News - 2002 December November October September August July June May April March February January Because some media sources archive past articles and require a subscription for access, some of the links below might not be active. If a citation listed here is no longer available, please contact the newspaper or your library directly. Construction Photos December 2002 Experiment Hall No. 1 Experiment Hall No. 1 Ring Service Building Ring Service Building More Construction Photos December City officials: 2002 had its ups and downs Oak Ridger, 12/31 As 2002 winds down and 2003 lies ahead, Mayor David Bradshaw and City Manager Paul Boyer offered their opinions of the highs and the lows for Oak Ridge in 2002, and what they see on the horizon for the city in

202

Dr. Ashfia Huq | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ashfia Huq Ashfia Huq Dr. Ashfia Huq Instrument Scientist: POWGEN Education PhD in Physics, Stony Brook University, in Stony Brook, New York (May 2003) AB degree, Magna Cum Laude with majors in Physics and Computer Science, Mount Holyoke College, South Hadley, Massachusetts (May 1996) Description of Research My primary research interest is neutron and X-ray powder diffraction of condensed matter systems and materials for energy storage. Topics include battery materials, solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) materials, hydrogen storage materials, catalysis, and magnetic and structural properties of strongly correlated electron systems such as geometrically frustrated magnets, superconductors, etc. Selected Publications Zhonghe Bi, Juan Pena-Martinez, Jung-Hyun Kim, Craig A. Bridges, Ashfia

203

Published Research 2013 | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Published Research 2013 Published Research 2013 Most publications are in Adobe Portable Document Format. Download Adobe Reader. For more information about any of these publications, please contact the Neutrons Sciences Communications Office. Primary Author Index: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A Ackerman D., Heberle F. A., Feigenson G. W., "Limited perturbation of a DPPC bilayer by fluorescent lipid probes: a molecular dynamics study", Journal of Physical Chemistry B 117, 4844-4852. Aczel A. A., Bugaris D. E., Li L., Yan J.-Q., Cruz C. dela, Loye H.-C. zur, Nagler S. E., "Frustration by competing interactions in the highly distorted double perovskites La2NaB'O6 (B'=Ru, Os)", Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 87, 014435. Aczel A. A., Bugaris D. E., Yeon J., Cruz C. dela, Loye H.-C. zur,

204

News & Events | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 News 1 News Neutron Science In the News - 2001 December November October September August July June May April March February January Because some media sources archive past articles and require a subscription for access, some of the links below might not be active. If a citation listed here is no longer available, please contact the newspaper or your library directly. December When the dust settles, what'll happen to Y12? Knoxville News-Sentinel, 12/19 "...The Oak Ridge community is currently enthralled with construction of the Spallation eutron Source and other good things at Oak Ridge National Laboratory and doesn't seem to care about Y-12." [Dr. Bill Bibb] Spallation director's early success is surprising, but not unique Knoxville News-Sentinel, 12/11 Mason is only 37 years old, which doesn't even qualify as mid-career for a

205

VULCAN User Information | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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Useful Information for VULCAN Users Useful Information for VULCAN Users Become a VULCAN User Contact us for capabilities, experiment design, and development of proposals. Refer to VULCAN Proposal Key Points before writing the proposal. Submit your proposal Approved Proposals You will be notified of an experiment date and will need to confirm the date by replying to the email and the experiment in the IPTS system. Prepare and Ship Your Samples We recommend VULCAN standard samples. If you cannot provide standard sample geometry, please prepare grip adapters. Ship your samples Non-activated samples coming to SNS: Attention: Special requirements (like refrigeration) To: Neutron Sciences User Sample IPTS # XXXX, Beam line 7 Oak Ridge National Laboratory/SNS Site Chestnut Ridge, Bldg 8920 Oak Ridge, TN 37830

206

News & Events | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2011 News 2011 News Neutron Science In the News - 2011 December November October September August July June May March February January Because some media sources archive past articles and require a subscription for access, some of the links below might not be active. If a citation listed here is no longer available, please contact the newspaper or your library directly. December SANS tracks cell death protein invading biomimetic mitochondrial membrane Physorg.com 12/15 Programmed cell death, or apoptosis, is a naturally occurring and necessary biological process. In apoptosis, the 192 amino acid BAX protein inserts itself into mitochondrial membranes, causing their contents to leak out and their eventual demise. This is our fate as mammals. In a typical human, some 50 to 70 million

207

Published Research 2008 | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 8 Published Research 2008 Most publications are in Adobe Portable Document Format. Download Adobe Reader. For more information about any of these publications, please contact the Neutrons Sciences Communications Office. Primary Author Index: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P R S T W X Y Z A K. Abe, A. Kohyama, S. Tanaka, C. Namba, T. Terai, T. Kunugi, T. Muroga, A. Hasegawa, A. Sagara, S. Berk, S. J. Zinkle, D. K. Sze, D. A. Petti, M. A. Abdou, N. B. Morley, R. J. Kurtz, L. L. Snead, and N. M. Ghoniem, "Development of Advanced Blanket Performance under Irradiation and System Integration through Jupiter-Ii Project," Fusion Engineering and Design 83, 842-849 (2008). D. L. Abernathy "ARCS: a wide Angular-Range Chopper Spectrometer at the SNS," Notiziario Neutroni e Luce di Sincrotrone 13, 4 (2008).

208

Neutron and Synchrotron X-Ray Scattering Studies of Superconductors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Superconductors hold the promise for a more stable and efficient electrical grid, but new isotropic, high-temperature superconductors are needed in order to reduce cable manufacturing costs. The effort to understand high-temperature superconductivity, especially in the layered cuprates, provides guidance to the search for new superconductors. Neutron scattering has long provided an important probe of the collective excitations that are involved in the pairing mechanism. For the cuprates, neutron and x-ray diffraction techniques also provide information on competing types of order, such as charge and spin stripes, that appear to be closely connected to the superconductivity. Recently, inelastic x-ray scattering has become competitive for studying phonons and may soon provide valuable information on electronic excitations. Examples of how these techniques contribute to our understanding of superconductivity are presented.

Tranquada,J.M.

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

HFIR Technical Parameters | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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a thorough understanding of how elements react to neutron bombardment. Facilities at HFIR Two Pneumatic Tubes: PT-1: Thermal Neutron Flux: 4 1014 n cm-2 s-1...

210

Public to have rare opportunity to tour Neutron Science Center  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rosenfest: celebrate Louis Rosen, tour LANSCE Rosenfest: celebrate Louis Rosen, tour LANSCE Public to have rare opportunity to tour Neutron Science Center Tour attendees can expect to see many facets of the LANSCE, including areas along the linear accelerator beam line, the control room area, and one or more experimental areas. May 10, 2011 Aerial View of Neutron Science Center Aerial View of Neutron Science Center Contact James Rickman Communicatons Office (505) 665-9203 Email LANL Rosenfest will celebrate life of LANSCE founder Louis Rosen and offer tour LOS ALAMOS, New Mexico, May 10, 2011-Members of the public will have an unusual opportunity to tour the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center from 1 to 5 p.m. on Friday, May 20, 2011, as part of Rosenfest, a celebration of LANSCE founder Louis Rosen and the remarkable facility he conceived. In

211

Diffuse Scattering  

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Diffuse Scattering Diffuse Scattering * Anticipatory (trick) question: If you have an x-ray or neutron detector looking at a small sample volume, which will scatter more x- rays or neutrons into the detector 1 atom 100 atoms or 1000 atoms? X-ray or neutron beam Answer: Depends! Diffuse Scattering Gene E. Ice Materials Science and Technology Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory, USA National School on Neutron and X-ray Scattering ORNL/SNS June 2011 Presentation concentrates year graduate-level course into 1 hour * Skip mathematical complexities * Expose to range of applications * Develop intuition for length scales * Talk like x-ray/neutron scattering guru - Reciprocal space - Debye Temperature - Laue monotonic - Krivoglaz defects of 1st/2nd kinds! Great for cocktail parties or impressing attractive strangers-

212

Choppers - Instrument Support | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Neutron Choppers Neutron Choppers The primary mission of the Neutron Chopper Team is to provide functional, reliable, safe, and operationally proven neutron chopper systems as required by the SNS instrument beam lines. Type of Choppers Activities Facilities Equipment TOP2 T0 chopper installed and operating in a CTF lower level chopper test bay. (Click for a larger picture) Chopper technician Bill Jordan recording chopper balance data. Types of Choppers Neutron choppers are rotating mechanical devices designed to block the neutron beam for some fraction of each revolution of the chopper. Our goal is to have at least three different functional classes of neutron choppers available for user experiments. Most, if not all, of these will be designed in standard forms that are interchangeable among the instruments. Most

213

Characterization of photosynthetic supramolecular assemblies using small angle neutron scattering  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We are using small angle neutron scattering (SANS) to resolve structural features of supramolecular assemblies of photosynthetic proteins in liquid and frozen solutions. SANS resolves the size, shape, and structural homogeneity of macromolecular assemblies in samples identical to those used for spectroscopic assays of photosynthetic function. Likely molecular structures of the supramolecular assemblies can be identified by comparing experimental scattering data with scattering profiles calculated for model supramolecular assemblies built from crystal structures of the individual proteins. SANS studies of the Rhodobacter sphaeroides reaction center, RC, presented here, show that the detergent solubilized RC exists in a variety of monomeric and aggregation states. The distribution between monomer and aggregate was found to depend strongly upon detergent, temperature and nature of additives, such as ethylene glycol used for low temperature spectroscopy and polyethylene glycol used for crystallization. Likely aggregate structures are being identified by fitting the experimental scattering profiles with those calculated for model aggregates built-up using the RC crystal structure. This work establishes the foundation for using SANS to identify intermediates in the RC crystallization pathways, and for determining likely structures of complexes formed between the RC and its physiological reaction partners, cytochrome c, and the LHI antenna complex.

Tiede, D.M.; Marone, P.; Wagner, A.M.; Thiyagarajan, P.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

214

Los Alamos Neutron Science Center gets capacity boost  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Neutron Science Center capacity boost Neutron Science Center capacity boost Los Alamos Neutron Science Center gets capacity boost The facility can simulate the effects of hundreds or thousands of years of cosmic-ray-induced neutrons in a single hour. December 2, 2010 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Contact

215

Chemical & EngChemical/Engineering Materials Division | Neutron Science |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chemical and Engineering Materials Division Chemical and Engineering Materials Division SHARE Chemical and Engineering Materials Division CEMD Director Mike Simonson The Chemical and Engineering Materials Division (CEMD) supports neutron-based research at SNS and HFIR in understanding the structure and dynamics of chemical systems and novel engineering materials. The user community takes advantage of division-supported capabilities of neutron scattering for measurements over wide ranges of experimental and operating conditions, including studies of chemical and physical changes in situ. User experiments with diffraction, small-angle scattering, inelastic and quasielastic scattering, and neutron imaging instruments address a range of problems in chemistry and in engineering materials research. Current areas of research supported by the division include the structure

216

Dr. J. K. (Jinkui) Zhao - ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dr. J.K. (Jinkui) Zhao Dr. J.K. (Jinkui) Zhao Research Staff Dr. Zhao is a research staff in the Neutron Facility Development Division at the Spallation Neutron Source. He has broad interests in many areas ranging from biophysics to neutrons scattering techniques. He was the lead scientist for Extended Q-Range Small-Angle Neutron Scattering Diffractometer (EQ-SANS) instrument during its design, construction and commissioning phases. Resources Software by J.K. Zhao EQ-SANS design documentation Selected Publications Metabolic Scaling in Biology Zhao, Jinkui. "A common origin for 3/4- and 2/3-power rules in metabolic scaling" Submitted Zhao, Jinkui. "Plants' metabolism and metabolic scaling" Submitted Zhao, Jinkui. "Tree growth model" In preparation Biomolecular Structures

217

Neutron Transfer Reactions: Surrogates for Neutron Capture for Basic and Applied Nuclear Science  

SciTech Connect

Neutron capture reactions on unstable nuclei are important for both basic and applied nuclear science. A program has been developed at the Holifield Radioactive Ion Beam Facility at Oak Ridge National Laboratory to study single-neutron transfer (d,p) reactions with rare isotope beams to provide information on neutron-induced reactions on unstable nuclei. Results from (d,p) studies on {sup 130,132}Sn, {sup 134}Te and {sup 75}As are discussed.

Cizewski, J. A.; Peters, W. A.; Allen, J.; Hatarik, R.; Matthews, C.; O'Malley, P. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08903 (United States); Jones, K. L. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08903 (United States); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996 (United States); Kozub, R. L.; Howard, J.; Patterson, N.; Paulauskas, S. V.; Rogers, J.; Sissom, D. J. [Department of Physics, Tennessee Technological University, Cookeville, TN 38505 (United States); Pain, S. D. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08903 (United States); Physics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States); Adekola, A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Ohio University, Athens, OH 45703 (United States); Bardayan, D. W.; Blackmon, J. C.; Liang, F.; Nesaraja, C. D.; Pittman, S. T. [Physics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States)] (and others)

2009-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

218

Dr. Georg Ehlers - ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Georg Ehlers Georg Ehlers Lead Instrument Scientist: Cold Neutron Chopper Spectrometer (CNCS), SNS Education PhD in Experimental Condensed Matter Physics, the Hahn Meitner Institut, in Berlin, Germany Description of Research Dr. Ehlers joined the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) in 2003 as the lead instrument scientist for beam line 5, the Cold Neutron Chopper Spectrometer (CNCS). CNCS is a high-resolution, direct geometry, cold neutron, inelastic multi-chopper spectrometer, designed to make use of neutrons with an energy of <50 meV. Before joining the SNS, Dr. Ehlers worked at the Institute Laue-Langevin (ILL), a leading European neutron research facility situated in Grenoble, France for six years. At the ILL, he was instrument-responsible for the spin-echo spectrometers IN11 and IN15, and established a strong research

219

POWDER: The Neutron Powder Diffractometer at HFIR | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Neutron Powder Diffractometer Neutron Powder Diffractometer Neutron Powder Diffractometer. Neutron Powder Diffractometer. The HB-2A diffractometer is a workhorse instrument used to conduct crystal structural and magnetic structural studies of powdered and ceramic samples, particularly as a function of intensive conditions (T, P, H, etc.). Powder diffraction data collected on this instrument are ideally suited for the Rietveld method. A full range of ancillary sample environments can be used, including cryofurnaces (4-800 K), furnaces (to 1800 K), cryostats (to 0.3 K), and cryomagnets (to 7 T). The Powder Diffractometer has a Debye-Scherrer geometry. The detector bank has 44 3He tubes, each with 6' Soller collimators. A germanium wafer-stack monochromator is vertically focusing and provides one of three principal

220

BES Science Network Requirements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

21 Neutron Scattering Science User Facilities atmajor scientific user facilities to serve researchers fromuse. The Scientific User Facilities (SUF) Division supports

Dart, Eli

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "neutron scattering science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Neutron Science Research from DOE Databases  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

(ANL), Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), led pioneering advances and developed important techniques used today in neutron...

222

NCNR Offers Financial Assistance for Neutron Science ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... in the environment to low-energy "cold" neutron ... available this fiscal year for first-year funding for ... Funding for additional years of multiyear projects is ...

2011-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

223

Data Analysis & Visualization | Neutron Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(3-D) neutron images have been taken of rare archaeological artifacts. Bronze and brass artifacts excavated at the ancient city of Petra, in present day Jordan, were recently...

224

Breast Tissue Imaging | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the hydrogen-sensitive neutron imaging capabilities at the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) to image healthy and cancerous breast tissue specimens. Working with Hassina Bilheux,...

225

Chemical and Engineering Materials | Neutron Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Materials SHARE Chemical and Engineering Materials Neutron-based research at SNS and HFIR in Chemical and Engineering Materials strives to understand the structure and dynamics...

226

Kids' Corner at Neutron Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Center at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory for use of the atomic mystery model. SNS Activity Book Check out the SNS Activity Book, with information about neutrons and why...

227

SNS Operations Status Update | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home SNS Operations Status Update SNS Operations Status Update - November 29, 2012 Resumption of SNS Operations and User Program Neutron production resumed on November 29,...

228

SNS Instrument Systems | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

instrument layout. Click for details. Instruments at the Spallation Neutron Source SNS currently has 13 instruments available for users. Each instrument is designed to complement...

229

Dr. Christopher Stanley | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

from disorder to aggregation to hydration, Graduate Course on Neutrons in Biology, ORNL, Oak Ridge, TN; Jun. 4, 2012. Characterizing intrinsically disordered proteins by...

230

SNS Instrument System Beam Lines | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SNS Instrument Beam Lines SNS Instrument Beam Lines This diagram shows the beam lines designated for currently funded instruments. Clicking on an instrument description will take you to the page for that instrument. Clicking anywhere else on the image will open a full-size, printable PDF file. SNS Instrument Layout Backscattering Spectrometer (BASIS) Disordered Materials Diffractometer (NOMAD) Wide Angular-Range Chopper Spectrometer (ARCS) Fine-Resolution Fermi Chopper Spectrometer (SEQUOIA) Coming Soon - Vibrational Spectrometer (VISION) Neutron Spin Echo (NSE) Hybrid Spectrometer (HYSPEC) Fundamental Neutron Physics Beamline (FNPB) Single Crystal Diffractometer (TOPAZ) Versatile Neutron Imaging Instrument (VENUS) Macromolecular Diffractometer (MaNDi) Powder Diffractometer (POWGEN3) Engineering Diffractometer (VULCAN) Extended Q-Range Small Angle Neutron Diffractometer (EQ-SANS) Cold Neutron Chopper Spectrometer (CNCS) Liquids (horizontal surface) Reflectometer (LR) Magnetic Advanced Grazing InCidence Spectrometer (MAGICS) High Pressure Diffractometer (SNAP) Coming Soon - Elastic Diffuse Scattering Spectrometer (CORELLI)

231

Calibration of neutron-yield diagnostics in attenuating and scattering environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have performed absolute calibrations of a fusion-neutron-yield copper-activation diagnostic in environments that significantly attenuate and scatter neutrons. We have measured attenuation and scattering effects and have compared the measurements to Monte Carlo simulations using the Monte Carlo N-Particle code. We find that measurements and simulations are consistent within 10%.

Hahn, K. D.; Ruiz, C. L.; Chandler, G. A.; Leeper, R. J.; McWatters, B. R.; Smelser, R. M.; Torres, J. A. [Sandia National Laboratories, Diagnostics and Target Physics, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87111 (United States); Cooper, G. W.; Nelson, A. J. [University of New Mexico, Department of Chemical and Nuclear Engineering, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131 (United States)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

232

Materials Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Scattering Study on the Dynamics of Poly(alkylene oxide)s" Contact: Christine Gerstl Theory meets experiment: structure-property relationships in an electrode material for...

233

The Kid's Corner | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to the links at the bottom) Great Science Links for Kids The Scale of the Universe 2 City of Materials Kids' Guide to States of Matter American Museum of Science and Energy,...

234

Naysaying the Neutron Scattering Society Lawrence Cranberg, Jill Trewhella, and Henry R. Glyde  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The New Munich Neutron Source FRM II: Overview and Uses for Biological Studies Wolfgang Doster Technical University Munich, Physics Department E 13, D-85748 Garching, Email: wdoster@ph.tum.de Abstract. The application of neutron scattering to biological systems using the new neutron source in Munich is discussed

Glyde, Henry R.

235

A brief History of Neutron Scattering at the Oak Ridge High Flux Isotope Reactor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Neutron scattering at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory dates back to 1945 when Ernest Wollan installed a modified x-ray diffractometer on a beam port of the original graphite reactor. Subsequently, Wollan and Clifford Shull pioneered neutron diffraction and laid the foundation for an active neutron scattering effort that continued through the 1950s, using the Oak Ridge Research reactor after 1958, and, starting in 1966, the High Flux Isotope Reactor, or HFIR.

Nagler, Stephen E [ORNL; Mook Jr, Herbert A [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Lab Breakthrough: Neutron Science for the Fusion Mission | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Neutron Science for the Fusion Mission Neutron Science for the Fusion Mission Lab Breakthrough: Neutron Science for the Fusion Mission May 16, 2012 - 9:52am Addthis An accelerator team lead by Robert McGreevy at Oak Ridge National Laboratory is testing material - a critical role in building an experimental fusion reactor for commercial use. As part of the international coalition, they expect to have an operational reactor by 2050. View the entire Lab Breakthrough playlist. Michael Hess Michael Hess Former Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What is the difference between fusion and fission? Fission pulls molecules apart. This type of reactor runs nuclear power plants. Fusion puts molecules together. This type of reaction powers the Sun. Oak Ridge National Laboratory scientist Robert McGreevy explains the

237

National School on Neutron and X-Ray Scattering Held at APS&IPNS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science and Chemistry Divisions but also from several Collaborative Access Teams (CATS) and the Spallation Neutron Source generously provided their time and expertise. We are...

238

VULCAN Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

VULCAN Far beyond cookware: Corning Inc. uses Spallation Neutron Source's VULCAN to test limits of ceramic material for car emission controls, filtration devices ORNL team wins R&D...

239

Research Reactors Division | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reactors Division (RRD) is responsible for operation of the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR). Operating at 85 MW, HFIR is the highest flux reactor-based source of neutrons for...

240

Radioactive Nickel-63 - ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to it, Bilheux and her colleagues have been using one of the cold neutron beam lines at HFIR for imaging work. "These are not imaging beam lines," says Bilheux. "But we have been...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "neutron scattering science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Research Reactors Division | Neutron Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

is responsible for operation of the High Flux Isotope Reactor. Operating at 85 MW, HFIR is the highest flux reactor-based source of neutrons for research in the United States,...

242

SHUG Chairman's Message | ORNL Neutron Sciences Users  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

shall be the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) and High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) User Group, "SHUG." II. PURPOSE The purpose of the SHUG is to: Provide a formal and...

243

Neutron scattering analysis with microscopic optical model potentials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A review of microscopic optical model potentials used in the analysis of neutron scattering and analyzing power data below 100 MeV (5 {le}E{sub n}{le}100 MeV) is presented. The quality of the fits to the data over a wide massd ({sup 6}Li-{sup 239}Pu) and energy range is discussed. It is shown that reasonably good agreement with the data is obtained with only three parameters, {lambda}{sub V}, {lambda}{sub W}, and {lambda}{sub SO}, which show a smooth mass and energy dependence. These parameters are normalizing constants to the real (V), and imaginary (W) central potentials and the real spin-orbit (V{sub SO}) potential. 14 refs., 7 figs.

Hansen, L.F.

1991-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

244

Neutron Physics at NIST 8th UCN Workshop  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Neutron Scattering Society of America www.neutronscattering.org Press Release, February 4, 2008 The Neutron Scattering Society of America is pleased to announce the 2008 recipients of its 3 major prizes. The Neutron Scattering Society of America (NSSA) established the Clifford G. Shull Prize in Neutron Science

Titov, Anatoly

245

This is the first annual report of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Neutron Sciences Directorate for calendar year 2007. It describes the neutron science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Welcome 6 Neutron Primer 7 ORNL Neutron Sciences 8 HFIR and SNS 9 Year in Review 16 Science Highlights 36. With HFIR and SNS operating, ORNL now has two of the world's best neutron facilities and the opportunity facilities. At HFIR, the year began with the reactor in shutdown mode and work on the new cold source

246

Kids' Corner at Neutron Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to the Lederman Science Center at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory for use of the atomic mystery model. SNS Activity Book Check out the SNS Activity Book, with information...

247

Clifford G. Shull Fellowship | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and the structure-property relationship in metallic glass. His research interests include computational materials science (classical and quantum, atomistic and continuum),...

248

Horizontal Beam Tubes - HFIR Technical Parameters | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Horizontal Beam Tubes Horizontal Beam Tubes The reactor has four horizontal beam tubes that supply the neutrons to the neutron scattering instruments. Details for each beam tube and instrument can be found on the HFIR instrument page. Each of the beam tubes that supply these instruments with neutrons is described subsequently. HB-1 and HB-3 The HB-1 and HB-3 thermal neutron beam tube designs are identical except for the length. Both are situated tangential to the reactor core so that the tubes point at reflector material and do not point directly at the fuel. An internal collimator is installed at the outboard end. This collimator is fabricated out of carbon steel and is plated with nickel. The collimator provides a 2.75-in by 5.5-in. rectangular aperture. A rotary shutter is located outboard of each of these beam tubes. The

249

Capabilities of the ARCS Instrument - ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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Capabilities of the ARCS Instrument Capabilities of the ARCS Instrument ARCS Overview The wide angular-range chopper spectrometer ARCS at the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) is optimized to provide a high neutron flux at the sample position with a large solid angle of detector coverage. The instrument incorporates modern neutron instrumentation, such as an elliptically focused neutron guide, high speed magnetic bearing choppers, and a massive array of 3He linear position sensitive detectors. Novel features of the spectrometer include the use of a large gate valve between the sample and detector vacuum chambers and the placement of the detectors within the vacuum, both of which provide a window-free final flight path to minimize background scattering while allowing rapid changing of the sample and

250

Sample Environment Equipment Categories - ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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Home › Instruments › Sample Environment Home › Instruments › Sample Environment Sample Environment: Categories of Equipment All Ancillary Equipment Auto Changer Closed Cycle Refrigerators Closed Cycle Refrigerators - Bottom Loading Closed Cycle Refrigerators - Top Loading Furnaces Gas Handling Gas Panel High Pressure Systems Liquid Helium Cryostats Magnet Systems Other Special Environments Sample Cell Sample Stick Ultra Low Temperature Devices Sample Environment: by Beam Line All BL-11A-POWGEN BL-11B-MANDI BL-12-TOPAZ BL-13-Fundamental Neutron Physics Beam Line BL-14A-BL-14A BL-14B-HYSPEC BL-15-Neutron Spin Echo (NSE) BL-16B-VISION BL-17-SEQUOIA BL-18-ARCS BL-1A-TOF-USANS BL-1B-NOMAD BL-2-BASIS BL-3-SNAP BL-4A-Magnetism Reflectometer BL-4B-Liquids Reflectometer BL-5-Cold Neutron Chopper Spectrometer (CNCS) BL-6-EQ-SANS

251

Biotechnology & Energy Highlights | Neutron Science | ORNL  

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Biotechnology & Energy Biotechnology & Energy SHARE Biotechnology and Energy Highlights 1-10 of 10 Results Neutron Imaging Reveals Lithium Distribution in Lithium-Air Electrodes January 01, 2013 - Using neutron-computed tomography, researchers at the CG-1D neutron imaging instrument at Oak Ridge National Laboratory's High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) have successfully mapped the three-dimensional spatial distribution of lithium products in electrochemically discharged lithium-air cathodes. Theory meets experiment: structure-property relationships in an electrode material for solid-oxide fuel cells December 01, 2012 - Fuel cell technology is one potentially very efficient and environmentally friendly way to convert the chemical energy of fuels into electricity. Solid-oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) can convert a

252

Fundamental Physics Highlights | Neutron Science | ORNL  

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Fundamental Physics Fundamental Physics SHARE Fundamental Physics Highlights 1-3 of 3 Results Neutron experiments give unprecedented look at quantum oscillations October 23, 2012 - Researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have found that nitrogen atoms in the compound uranium nitride exhibit unexpected, distinct vibrations that form a nearly ideal realization of a physics textbook model known as the isotropic quantum harmonic oscillator. Beam Line 13 Fuels Discovery Fever for Fundamental Physicists June 01, 2011 - Kucuker Dogan (left) and Matthew Musgrave prepare a helium-3 cooling cell that is used to measure the angle at which the neutron beam strikes the liquid hydrogen sample. Fast Proton Hopping in Ice (Ih) Confirmed by Quasi-Elastic Neutron

253

Thirteenth National School on Neutron and X-ray Scattering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spallation-Driven Cold Neutron Sources Dr. Bradley J. Micklich Senior Physicist, Physics Division physics research Want neutron wavelengths about the dimensions of interest, or neutron energies that can using an intense source of longerwavelength neutrons ­ fundamental nuclear physics (neutron halflife

254

User Charter Rights and Responsibilities of Neutron Sciences Users  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

-G01182/gim -G01182/gim User Charter Rights and Responsibilities of Neutron Sciences Users Rights of Users: * Be treated with respect and courtesy. * Have details of experiment proposals kept confidential. * Have consultations with instrument staff before proposal submission, during experiment planning, and while evaluating results and analyzing data. * Receive beam time on the basis of external peer evaluation of submitted proposals. Users can

255

NNS computing facility manual P-17 Neutron and Nuclear Science  

SciTech Connect

This document describes basic policies and provides information and examples on using the computing resources provided by P-17, the Neutron and Nuclear Science (NNS) group. Information on user accounts, getting help, network access, electronic mail, disk drives, tape drives, printers, batch processing software, XSYS hints, PC networking hints, and Mac networking hints is given.

Hoeberling, M.; Nelson, R.O.

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Nuclear Science and Technology, November 2000. NEUTRON CROSS SECTION EVALUATIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nuclear Science and Technology, November 2000. 1 NEUTRON CROSS SECTION EVALUATIONS FOR 238 U UP and Power Engineering, 249020 Obninsk, Russia A.Ventura ENEA, Nuclear Data Center and INFN, Bologna Section of the statistical description that includes direct, pre-equilibrium and equilibrium mechanisms of nuclear reactions

257

WAND: Wide-Angle Neutron Diffractometer at HFIR | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

US/Japan Wide-Angle Neutron Diffractometer US/Japan Wide-Angle Neutron Diffractometer WAND Instrument scientist Jaime Fernandez-Baca (left) with a visiting researcher at WAND. The Wide-Angle Neutron Diffractometer (WAND) at the HFIR HB-2C beam tube was designed to provide two specialized data-collection capabilities: (1) fast measurements of medium-resolution powder-diffraction patterns and (2) measurements of diffuse scattering in single crystals using flat-cone geometry. For these purposes, this instrument is equipped with a curved, one-dimensional 3He position-sensitive detector covering 125º of the scattering angle with the focal distance of 71 cm. The sample and detector can be tilted in the flat-cone geometry mode. These features enable measurement of single-crystal diffraction patterns in a short time over a

258

Dr. Bryan Chakoumakos | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

B.C. Chakoumakos, T. Murakami, G.R. Lumpkin, and R.C. Ewing, Alpha-decay induced fracturing in zircon: the transition from the crystalline to the metamict state, Science 236...

259

HFIR Technical Parameters | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reactor Technical Parameters Reactor Technical Parameters Overview HFIR Pool Layout HFIR pool layout. HFIR is a beryllium-reflected, light-water-cooled and -moderated, flux-trap type reactor that uses highly enriched uranium-235 as the fuel. The image on the right is a cutaway of the reactor which shows the pressure vessel, its location in the reactor pool, and some of the experiment facilities. The preliminary conceptual design of the reactor was based on the "flux trap" principle, in which the reactor core consists of four annular regions of fuel surrounding an unfueled moderating region or "island" (see cross section view). Such a configuration permits fast neutrons leaking from the fuel to be moderated in the island and thus produces a region of very high thermal-neutron flux at the center of the island. This reservoir of

260

Advanced neutron irradiation system using Texas A&M University Nuclear Science Center Reactor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A heavily filtered fast neutron irradiation system (FNIS) was developed for a variety of applications, including the study of long-term health effects of fast neutrons by evaluating the biological mechanisms of damage in cultured cells and living animals such as rats or mice. This irradiation system includes an exposure cave made with a lead-bismuth alloy, a cave positioning system, a gamma and neutron monitoring system, a sample transfer system, and interchangeable filters. This system was installed in the irradiation cell of the Texas A&M University Nuclear Science Center Reactor (NSCR). By increasing the thickness of the lead-bismuth alloy, the neutron spectra were shifted into lower energies by the scattering interactions of fast neutrons with the alloy. It is possible, therefore, by changing the alloy thickness, to produce distinctly different dose weighted neutron spectra inside the exposure cave of the FNIS. The calculated neutron spectra showed close agreement with the results of activation foil measurements, unfolded by SAND-II close to the cell window. However, there was a considerable less agreement for locations far away from the cell window. Even though the magnitude of values such as neutron flux and tissue kerma rates in air differed, the weighted average neutron energies showed close agreement between the MCNP and SAND-II since the normalized neutron spectra were in a good agreement each other. A paired ion chamber system was constructed, one with a tissue equivalent plastic (A-150) and propane gas for total dose monitoring, and another with graphite and argon for photon dose monitoring. Using the pair of detectors, the neutron to gamma ratio can be inferred. With the 20 cm-thick FNIS, the absorbed dose rates of neutrons measured with the paired ion chamber method and calculated with the SAND-II results were 13.7 ?? 0.02 Gy/min and 15.5 Gy/min, respectively. The absorbed dose rate of photons and the gamma contribution to total dose were 6.7??10-1 ?? 1.3??10-1 Gy/min and 4.7%, respectively. However, the estimated gamma contribution to total dose varied between 3.6 % to 6.6 % as the assumed neutron sensitivity to the graphite detector was changed from 0.01 to 0.03.

Jang, Si Young

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "neutron scattering science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Directional Stand-off Detection of Fast Neutrons and Gammas Using Angular Scattering Distributions  

SciTech Connect

We have investigated the response of a DoubleScatter Neutron Spectrometer (DSNS) for sources at long distances (gr than 200 meters). We find that an alternative method for analyzing double scatter data avoids some uncertainties introduced by amplitude measurements in plastic scintillators.Time of flight is used to discriminate between gamma and neutron events, and the kinematic distributions of scattering angles are assumed to apply. Non-relativistic neutrons are most likely to scatter at 45, while gammas with energies greater than 2 MeV are most likely to be forward scattered. The distribution of scattering angles of fission neutrons arriving from a distant point source generates a 45 cone, which can be back-projected to give the source direction. At the same time, the distribution of Compton-scattered gammas has a maximum in the forward direction, and can be made narrower by selecting events that deposit minimal energy in the first scattering event. We have further determined that the shape of spontaneous fission neutron spectra at ranges gr than 110 m is still significantly different from thecosmic ray background.

Vanier P. e.; Dioszegi, I.; Salwen, C.; Forman, L.

2009-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

262

Bio-SANS: the Biological Small-Angle Neutron Scattering Instrument...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biological Small-Angle Neutron Scattering Instrument at HFIR Detector tanks for the new SANS instruments at HFIR. The Bio-SANS detector is on the right. Detector tanks for the SANS...

263

Corrections on energy spectrum and scatterings for fast neutron radiography at NECTAR facility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Neutron spectrum and scattered neutrons caused distortions are major problems in fast neutron radiography and should be considered for improving the image quality. This paper puts emphasis on the removal of these image distortions and deviations for fast neutron radiography performed at the NECTAR facility of the research reactor FRM-II in Technische Universit\\"at M\\"unchen (TUM), Germany. The NECTAR energy spectrum is analyzed and established to modify the influence caused by neutron spectrum, as well as the Point Scattered Function (PScF) simulated by the Monte-Carlo program MCNPX is used to evaluate scattering effects from the object and improve images qualities. Good analysis results prove the sounded effects of above two corrections.

Shu-Quan, Liu; Hang, Li; Yu-Bin, Zou; Yuan-Rong, Lu; Zhi-Yu, Guo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Detectors - Instrument Support | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Detectors Detectors Detectors The detector design group, led by Yacouba Diawara is responsible for supporting the design of HFIR and SNS instruments by developing the necessary infrastructure and acquiring detector components that will be used to complete the functionality of the instruments. The group's mission also includes supporting detector research and development (R&D) for the various instruments and their different needs. The support effort for instrument design entails monitoring detector development worldwide as neutron facilities around the globe are getting upgraded and adopting the newest technologies. Detector group technician Ted Visscher inspects a parahedreal lens on an Anger camera Detector group technician Ted Visscher inspects a parahedreal lens on an

265

Instrument and Source Design Division | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ron Crone, RRD Director Ron Crone, RRD Director ISDD Director Ron Crone. Instrument and Source Design Division The Instrument and Source Design Division (ISDD) supports the engineering and development of scientific instruments at the High Flux Isotope Reactor and the Spallation Neutron Source. ISDD continuously develops facilities and capabilities associated with neutron science through research and development. Organization Chart A PDF version of the ISDD Organization Chart is available. Key Division Contacts Director Ron Crone Administrative Assistant Wendy Brooks HFIR Instrument Engineering Doug Selby SNS Instrument Engineering David Vandergriff Instrumentation Projects and Development Ken Herwig Project Management/Operations and Analysis Barbara Thibadeau Source Development and Engineering Analysis Phil Ferguson

266

INELASTIC NEUTRON SCATTERING AS A PROBE OF THE ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... MD 20899 Hui Hu, Materials Science and Technology Division and Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak ...

2012-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

267

The Manuel Lujan, Jr. Neutron Scattering Center LANSCE experiment reports 1989 run cycle  

SciTech Connect

This report contains a listing and description of experiments carried on at the LANSCE neutron scattering facility in the following areas: High Density Powder Diffraction; Neutron Powder Diffractometer, (NPD); Single Crystal Diffractometer, (SCD); Low-Q Diffractometer, (LQD); Surface Profile Analysis Reflectometer, (SPEAR); Filter Difference Spectrometer, (FDS); and Constant-Q Spectrometer.

Hyer, D.K.; DiStravolo, M.A. (comps.)

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Dr. Xiaoping Wang | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home › Contact Us › CV Home › Contact Us › CV Dr. Xiaoping Wang Instrument Scientist TOPAZ BL-12 Dr. Xiaoping Wang received his Ph.D. degree in inorganic chemistry from Texas A&M University in 1998, where he did his graduate work with Professor F. Albert Cotton. He then undertook postdoctoral research in neutron crystallography at Argonne National Laboratory. He was the director for crystallographic computing in the Laboratory for Molecular Structure and Bonding at Texas A&M University from December 2001 to May 2006; the director of X-Ray Diffraction Laboratory at University of North Texas from June 2006 to July 2008, and has been appointed as adjunct professor in the chemistry department. Dr. Wang is currently an instrument scientist co-responsible for the TOPAZ single crystal diffractometer (SNS

269

VULCAN Proposal Information | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

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Key Points for Beam Time Proposals Key Points for Beam Time Proposals The key points below are essential elements the Scientific Review Committee (SRC) considers when assigning a rating to your proposal for beam time on the VULCAN engineering instrument at SNS; see http://neutrons.ornl.gov/vulcan/. They apply to the Statement of Research, i.e., after the specified sections: Title, PI, abstract, facility requested, days requested, student involvement, experiment team, samples, and sample environment. Consideration of the key points will 1) encourage you to think through the feasibility and reasonableness of your proposed measurement and 2) provide relevant information to the SRC so they can make a sound judgment. Key points to include in your Statement of Research What scientific question are you trying to answer?

270

IMPROVED TECHNIQUE OF HYDROGEN CONTENT ANALYSIS BY SLOW NEUTRON SCATTERING  

SciTech Connect

A slow-neutron-transmission method fro dertermining the hydrogen content of fluorcarbons is described (G.Y.).

Rainwater, L.J.; Havens, W.W. Jr.

1945-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

271

Improved Technique of Hydrogen Content Analysis by Slow Neutron Scattering  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

A slow-neutron-transmission method fro determining the H content of fluorcarbons is described (G.Y.)

Rainwater, L. J.; Havens, W. W. Jr.

1945-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

272

Fourteenth National School on Neutron and X-ray Scattering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

either nuclear physics parameters such as the effective delayed neutron fraction, or the so- called several new features in the physics of the ADS that require further development of the theory of neutron / q 3.784= #12;Neutron Fluctuations in Reactors R111 The physical reason for the above

Pennycook, Steve

273

National School on Neutron and X-ray Scattering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cooling of isolated neutron stars as a probe of superdense matter physics Alexander Kaminker physics Alexander Kaminker 1. Introduction Microscopic theories of superdense matter in neutron star cores #12;Cooling of isolated neutron stars as a probe of superdense matter physics Alexander Kaminker

274

Neutron Scattering Society of America Purpose and New Initiatives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

's personal copy Dosimetry and spectrometry at accelerator based neutron source for boron neutron capture Institute of Nuclear Physics, 11 Lavrentiev Ave., 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia Federation a r t i c l e i n f Keywords: Epithermal neutrons Accelerator Time-of-flight technique a b s t r a c t An innovative

275

Neutron scattering study of MnSi proving no exchange hole  

SciTech Connect

Neutron scattering experiments have been performed in MnSi below T/sub c/ with the double-axis powder scattering technique using unpolarized neutrons, and also with the polarization analysis technique. The magnetic scattering intensity has not shown any anomaly around q = 0.5 A/sup -1/, in contrast to the previous results of Ziebeck et al. who found a large intensity peak at this momentum transfer. Thus the hypothesis of Ziebeck et al. of observing an Exchange Hole is excluded.

Uemura, Y.J.; Majkrzak, C.F.; Shirane, G.; Ishikawa, Y.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

News & Events | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 News 7 News SNS News Archive-2007 December November October September August July June May March February January Because some media sources archive past articles and require a subscription for access, some of the links below might not be active. If a citation listed here is no longer available, please contact the newspaper or your library directly. December ORNL could feel squeeze Knoxville News Sentinel, 12/29 The 2008 budget bill belatedly passed by Congress last week will have some negative impacts on Oak Ridge National Laboratory because of cuts in the U.S. Department of Energy's science funding. However, the lab should be OK in most research areas, according to ORNL Director Thom Mason. "We're in reasonably good shape," Mason said in a recent interview at the

277

Design Analyses and Shielding of HFIR Cold Neutron Scattering Instruments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Research reactor geometries and special characteristics present unique dosimetry analysis and measurement issues. The introduction of a cold neutron moderator and the production of cold neutron beams at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory High Flux Isotope Reactor have created the need for modified methods and devices for analyzing and measuring low energy neutron fields (0.01 to 100 meV). These methods include modifications to an MCNPX version to provide modeling of neutron mirror reflection capability. This code has been used to analyze the HFIR cold neutron beams and to design new instrument equipment that will use the beams. Calculations have been compared with time-of-flight measurements performed at the start of the neutron guides and at the end of one of the guides. The results indicate that we have a good tool for analyzing the transport of these low energy beams through neutron mirror and guide systems for distance up to 60 meters from the reactor. (authors)

Gallmeier, F.X.; Selby, D.L.; Winn, B.; Stoica, D.; Jones, A.B.; Crow, L. [Neutron Sciences Directorate, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (United States)

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Using Neutrons to Study Radioactive Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Applied Neutron Scattering in Engineering and Materials Science Research ... to the unique infrastructure and specialized staff of the Nuclear Laboratory. Shielded cells enable neutron diffraction studies on highly radioactive...

279

Neutron Scattering Studies of Fundamental Processes in Earth Materials, Final Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The aim of this work was to use neutron scattering techniques to explore the dynamics and structure of water in rock samples. The dynamics of water in rock at low (residual) saturation are directly related to the transport properties of fluids within the host rock. The structure of water in rock may be related to the elastic behavior of the rock, which in many cases is nonlinear and hysteretic. Neutron scattering techniques allow us to study water in intact rock samples at both the molecular and microstructural scales. Our samples were Berea sandstone, Calico Hills and Prow Pass tuffs from Yucca Mountain, NV, and pure samples of the tuff constituents, specifically mordenite and clinoptilolite. We chose Berea sandstone because its macroscopic elastic behavior is known to be highly unusual, and the microscopic mechanisms producing this behavior are not understood. We chose Yucca Mountain tuff, because the fluid transport properties of the geologic structure at Yucca Mountain, Nevada could be relevant to the performance of a high level nuclear waste repository at that site. Neutron scattering methods have a number of properties that are extremely useful for the study of earth materials. In contrast to X-rays, neutrons have very low absorption cross-sections for most elements so that entire bulk samples of considerable size can be 'illuminated' by the neutron beam. Similarly, samples that are optically opaque can be readily investigated by inelastic neutron scattering techniques. Neutrons are equally sensitive to light atoms as to heavy atoms, and can, for example, readily distinguish between Al and Si, neighboring atoms in the periodic table that are difficult to tell apart by X-ray diffraction. Finally, neutrons are particularly sensitive to hydrogen and thus can be used to study the motions, both vibrational and diffusive, of H-containing molecules in rocks, most notably of course, water. Our studies were primarily studies of guest molecules (in our case, water) in a host material (rock). We used three neutron scattering techniques: quasielastic neutron scattering (QNS), inelastic neutron scattering (INS), and neutron powder diffraction (NPD). We used QNS to measure the translational and rotational diffusional motion of water in rock; INS vibrational spectra allowed us to determine the nature of residual water in a sample (disassociated, chemisorbed, or physisorbed); and NPD measurements may allow us to determine the locations of residual water molecules (and the associated dynamic disorder), and thereby understand the binding of water molecules in our samples.

McCall, K. R.

2007-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

280

SCIENCE HIGHLIGHTS 2008 ANNUAL REPORT ORNL NEUTRON SCIENCES neutrons.ornl.gov  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the campus, High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR), Conference Center and short walk to the Spallation Neutron nearby Reservations can be made 24/7 by calling 865-576-8101 Map of ORNL Campus #12;Maps of SNS, HFIR

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "neutron scattering science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Biology and Soft Matter Division | Neutron Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biology and Soft Matter Division Biology and Soft Matter Division SHARE Biology and Soft Matter Division BSMD Director Paul Langan The Biology and Soft Matter Division (BSMD) operates an external user program for biological and soft matter research using neutron techniques at SNS and HFIR. Division personnel enable the research initiated by external users by acting as instrument responsible scientists and local contacts on a range of different beam lines. BSMD works closely with the Center for Structural Molecular Biology. Diffraction, small-angle scattering, and reflectometry are ideal methods for studying structure and organization from the atomic to the micron length scales, and neutron spectroscopic methods characterize self and collective motions from picosecond to microsecond timescales. These

282

A High Intensity Neutron Scattering Techniques for Hydrogen ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nucleation and Growth Observed by Ultrafast SAXS and WAXS O10: Effect of Nickel on the Neutron Irradiation Sensitivity of Nuclear Reactor Pressure Vessel...

283

Microsoft PowerPoint - Herwig-QuasielasticNeutronScattering.pptx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ken Herwig Ken Herwig Deputy Director Neutron Facilities Development Division p Oak Ridge National Laboratory J 14 2011 June 14, 2011 OUTLINE * Background - the incoherent...

284

NSE: the Neutron Spin Echo Spectrometer at SNS | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Spin Echo Spectrometer at SNS Spin Echo Spectrometer at SNS NSE NSE is funded and operated by the Jülich Centre for Neutron Science. The SNS NSE instrument provides ultrahigh resolution spectroscopy with a Fourier time range that covers τ = 1 ps to a nominal 350 ns with a high effective neutron flux, aiming to be the best of its class in both resolution and dynamic range (please refer to the instrument fact sheet for a detailed current status). Researchers use this instrument to investigate soft condensed matter and complex fluids applications in a variety of fields. The planned optional ferromagnetic and intensity-modulated modes will allow for detailed investigation of magnetic samples and phenomena. The design of the NSE spectrometer takes full advantage of recent progress in neutron optics and polarizing supermirror microbenders,1,2 resulting in

285

A Survey of Students from the National School on Neutron and X-ray Scattering: Communication Habits and Preferences  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) offers the scientific community unique access to two types of world-class neutron sources at a single site - the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) and the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR). The 85-MW HFIR provides one of the highest steady-state neutron fluxes of any research reactor in the world. And the SNS is one of the world's most intense pulse neutron beams. Management of these resources is the responsibility of the Neutron Sciences Directorate (NScD). NScD started conducting the National School on Neutron and X-ray Scattering (NXS) in conjunction with the Advanced Photon Source (APS) at Argonne National Laboratory in 2007. This survey was conducted to determine the most effective ways to reach students with information about what SNS and HFIR offer the scientific community, including content and communication vehicles. The emphasis is on gaining insights into compelling messages and the most effective channels, e.g., Web sites and social media, for communicating with students about neutron science The survey was conducted in two phases using a classic qualitative investigation to confirm language and content followed by a survey designed to quantify issues, assumptions, and working hypotheses. Phase I consisted of a focus group in late June 2010 with students attending NXS. The primary intent of the group was to inform development of an online survey. Phase two consisted of an online survey that was developed and pre-tested in July 2010 and launched on August 9, 2010 and remained in the field until September 9, 2010. The survey achieved an overall response rate of 48% for a total of 157 completions. The objective of this study is to determine the most effective ways to reach students with information about what SNS and HFIR offer the scientific community, including content and communication vehicles. The emphasis is on gaining insights into compelling messages and the most effective channels, e.g., Web sites, social media, for communicating with students about neutron science.

Bryant, Rebecca [Bryant Research, LLC

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

The Neutron Scattering Society www.neutronscattering.org  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract submitted to the XXXIst International Conference on High Energy Physics 24--31 July 2002, Amsterdam, The Netherlands Abstract: 000 Parallel Sessions: 0,0 Leading neutron production in e + p collisions at HERA ZEUS Collaboration Abstract The production of neutrons carrying at least 20% of the proton

Chen, Sow-Hsin

287

Publications from Research Conducted at SNAP | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Publications from Research Conducted at SNAP Publications from Research Conducted at SNAP 2013 Publications Boehler R., Guthrie M., Molaison J.J., dos Santos A. M., Sinogeikin S., Machida S., Pradhan N., Tulk C. A., "Large-volume diamond cells for neutron diffraction above 90 GPa", High Pressure Research 33, 546-554 (2013). Guthrie M., Boehler R., Tulk C. A., Molaison J. J., dos Santos A. M., Li K., Hemley R. J., "Neutron diffraction observations of interstitial protons in dense ice", Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 110, 10552-10556 (2013). Hirai S., dos Santos A. M., Shapiro M. C., Molaison J. J., Pradhan N., Guthrie M., Tulk C. A., Fisher I. R., Mao W. L., "Giant atomic displacement at a magnetic phase transition in metastable Mn3O4", Physical

288

Educational Programs - National School on Neutron & X-ray Scattering  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and national laboratories, will include basic tutorials on the principles of scattering theory and the characteristics of the sources, as well as seminars on the application of...

289

Geek-Up[1.28.2011]: Neutron Scattering and Full-Spectrum Solar Cells |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

.28.2011]: Neutron Scattering and Full-Spectrum Solar .28.2011]: Neutron Scattering and Full-Spectrum Solar Cells Geek-Up[1.28.2011]: Neutron Scattering and Full-Spectrum Solar Cells January 28, 2011 - 5:11pm Addthis Detector tanks for the new SANS instruments at the High Flux Isotope Reactor. The Bio-SANS detector is on the right. Source: ORNL Detector tanks for the new SANS instruments at the High Flux Isotope Reactor. The Bio-SANS detector is on the right. Source: ORNL Niketa Kumar Niketa Kumar Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Oak Ridge National Lab and North Carolina State University scientists are helping to develop medicines that will block the spread of viruses. Using the Bio-SANS instrument at ORNL's High Flux Isotope Reactor, these researchers are studying how viruses change their structure as they move

290

EQ-SANS: the Extended Q-Range Small-Angle Neutron Scattering Diffractometer  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Extended Q-Range Small-Angle Neutron Scattering Diffractometer at SNS The Extended Q-Range Small-Angle Neutron Scattering Diffractometer at SNS Extended Q-Range Small Angle Diffractometer EQ-SANS detector array The EQ-SANS Diffractometer is designed to study non-crystalline, nano-sized materials in solid, liquid, or gas forms such as polymers, micelles, proteins, and other large biological molecular complexes in solution. It offers high neutron flux, high wavelength resolution (precision), and wide Q-coverage. EQSANS is located on beam line 6, viewing the top-downstream, coupled supercritical hydrogen moderator. It has a curved multichannel beam bender to avoid the direct line of sight of the moderator, which cleans out the background from the prompt neutron pulse quite effectively. The cutoff wavelength of the optics is ~1.5 Å. Above this minimum wavelength, the

291

Publications from Research Conducted at FNPB | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for the neutron electric dipole moment experiment at the Spallation Neutron Source", University of Kentucky , (2011). Wietfeldt F. E., Greene G. L., "Colloquium: the neutron...

292

Capabilities of the WAND Instrument | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Capabilities of the WAND Instrument Capabilities of the WAND Instrument The HFIR HB-2C Wide Angle Neutron Diffractometer (WAND) is a dual purpose instrument that can be used as a fast coarse-resolution powder diffractometer or as a single crystal diffractometer to explore broad regions of reciprocal space. This instrument is most beneficial to the condensed matter, materials science, as well as the planetary sciences communities. Due to its versatility and easy access this instrument can be used for parametric studies using a variety of ancillary sample environments to provide a complete control of thermodynamic variables such as temperature, magnetic field, and pressure. Most of the recent demand for this instrument has been focused in studies of unconventional superconductors, low-dimensional magnets, multiferroics and geophysics.

293

Neutron scattering characterization of pure and rare-earth modified zirconia catalysis.  

SciTech Connect

The combined application of neutron powder diffraction, small angle neutron scattering and neutron inelastic scattering has led to improved understanding of the crystal phases, defect structure, microstructure and hydroxyl/water dynamics in pure and lanthanide-modified zirconia catalysts. Powder diffraction experiments quantified the degree of stabilization and provided evidence for static, oxygen vacancy-induced atomic displacements in stabilized zirconia. Quantitative assessment of Bragg peak breadths led to measurements of ''grain size'', representing coherency length of long-range ordered atomic arrangements (crystals). Small angle neutron scattering provided a separate measurement of ''grain size'', representing the average size of the primary particles in the aggregates, and the evolution of porosity (micro- versus meso-) and surface roughness caused by RE modification and heat treatment. Finally, the dynamics of hydrogen atoms associated with surface hydroxyls and adsorbed water was investigated by neutron-inelastic scattering, revealing changes in frequency and band breadth of O-H stretch, H-O-H bend, and librational motion of water molecules.

Loong, C.-K.; Ozawa, M.; Richardson, J. W., Jr.; Suzuki, S.; Thiyagarajan, P.

1997-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

294

MCNP benchmarking of an inelastic neutron scattering system for...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

carbon signal depends on the transport conditions of neutrons and gamma rays in the soil matrix, which are affected by the soil moisture and bulk density. While variations in the...

295

Neutron scattering workshop promotes high-pressure research ...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

long-term goals in these areas closer to reality, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), home of the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) and the High Flux Isotope Reactor, is hosting...

296

Determination of hydrogen in niobium by cold neutron prompt gamma ray activation analysis and neutron incoherent scattering  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The presence of trace amounts of hydrogen in niobium is believed to have a detrimental effect on the mechanical and superconducting properties. Unfortunately, few techniques are capable of measuring hydrogen at these levels. We have developed two techniques for measuring hydrogen in materials. Cold neutron prompt gamma-ray activation analysis (PGAA) has proven useful for the determination of hydrogen and other elements in a wide variety of materials. Neutron incoherent scattering (NIS), a complementary tool to PGAA, has been used to measure trace hydrogen in titanium. Both techniques were used to study the effects of vacuum heating and chemical polishing on the hydrogen content of superconducting niobium.

R.L. Paul; H.H. Cheu-Maya; G.R. Myneni

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Is there an Ay problem in low-energy neutron-proton scattering?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate Ay in neutron-proton scattering for the interactions models WJC-1 and WJC-2 in the Covariant Spectator Theory. We find that the recent 12 MeV measurements performed at TUNL are in better agreement with our results than with the Nijmegen Phase Shift Analysis of 1993, and after reviewing the low-energy data, conclude that there is no Ay problem in low-energy np scattering.

Gross, Franz

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Is there an Ay problem in low-energy neutron-proton scattering?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate Ay in neutron-proton scattering for the interactions models WJC-1 and WJC-2 in the Covariant Spectator Theory. We find that the recent 12 MeV measurements performed at TUNL are in better agreement with our results than with the Nijmegen Phase Shift Analysis of 1993, and after reviewing the low-energy data, conclude that there is no Ay problem in low-energy np scattering.

Franz Gross; Alfred Stadler

2008-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

299

Coherent Scattering Investigations at the Spallation Neutron Source: a Snowmass White Paper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee, provides an intense flux of neutrinos in the few tens-of-MeV range, with a sharply-pulsed timing structure that is beneficial for background rejection. In this white paper, we describe how the SNS source can be used for a measurement of coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering (CENNS), and the physics reach of different phases of such an experimental program (CSI: Coherent Scattering Investigations at the SNS).

D. Akimov; A. Bernstein; P. Barbeau; P. Barton; A. Bolozdynya; B. Cabrera-Palmer; F. Cavanna; V. Cianciolo; J. Collar; R. J. Cooper; D. Dean; Y. Efremenko; A. Etenko; N. Fields; M. Foxe; E. Figueroa-Feliciano; N. Fomin; F. Gallmeier; I. Garishvili; M. Gerling; M. Green; G. Greene; A. Hatzikoutelis; R. Henning; R. Hix; D. Hogan; D. Hornback; I. Jovanovic; T. Hossbach; E. Iverson; S. R. Klein; A. Khromov; J. Link; W. Louis; W. Lu; C. Mauger; P. Marleau; D. Markoff; R. D. Martin; P. Mueller; J. Newby; J. Orrell; C. O'Shaughnessy; S. Pentilla; K. Patton; A. W. Poon; D. Radford; D. Reyna; H. Ray; K. Scholberg; V. Sosnovtsev; R. Tayloe; K. Vetter; C. Virtue; J. Wilkerson; J. Yoo; C. H. Yu

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Use of a high repetition rate neutron generator for in vivo body composition measurements via neutron inelastic scattering  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A small D-T neutron generator with a high pulse rate is used for the in vivo measurement of body carbon, oxygen and hydrogen. The core of the neutron generator is a 13 cm-long Zetatron tube pulsed at a rate of 10 kHz delivering 10/sup 3/ to 10/sup 4/ neutrons per pulse. A target-current feedback system regulates the source of the accelerator to assure constant neutron output. Carbon is measured by detecting the 4.44 MeV ..gamma..-rays from inelastic scattering. The short half-life of the 4.44 MeV state of carbon requires detection of the ..gamma..-rays during the 10 ..mu..s neutron pulse. Generators with low pulsing rate were found inappropriate for carbon measurements because of their low duty-cycle (high neutron output during the pulse). In vivo measurements were performed with normal volunteers using a scanning bed facility for a dose less than 25 mrem. This technique offers medical as well as general bulk analysis applications. 8 refs., 5 figs.

Kehayias, J.J.; Ellis, K.J.; Cohn, S.H.; Weinlein, J.H.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "neutron scattering science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Neutron scattered dose equivalent to a fetus from proton radiotherapy of the mother  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scattered neutron dose equivalent to a representative point for a fetus is evaluated in an anthropomorphic phantom of the mother undergoing proton radiotherapy. The effect on scattered neutron dose equivalent to the fetus of changing the incident proton beam energy, aperture size, beam location, and air gap between the beam delivery snout and skin was studied for both a small field snout and a large field snout. Measurements of the fetus scattered neutron dose equivalent were made by placing a neutron bubble detector 10 cm below the umbilicus of an anthropomorphic Rando[reg] phantom enhanced by a wax bolus to simulate a second trimester pregnancy. The neutron dose equivalent in milliSieverts (mSv) per proton treatment Gray increased with incident proton energy and decreased with aperture size, distance of the fetus representative point from the field edge, and increasing air gap. Neutron dose equivalent to the fetus varied from 0.025 to 0.450 mSv per proton Gray for the small field snout and from 0.097 to 0.871 mSv per proton Gray for the large field snout. There is likely to be no excess risk to the fetus of severe mental retardation for a typical proton treatment of 80 Gray to the mother since the scattered neutron dose to the fetus of 69.7 mSv is well below the lower confidence limit for the threshold of 300 mGy observed for the occurrence of severe mental retardation in prenatally exposed Japanese atomic bomb survivors. However, based on the linear no threshold hypothesis, and this same typical treatment for the mother, the excess risk to the fetus of radiation induced cancer death in the first 10 years of life is 17.4 per 10 000 children.

Mesoloras, Geraldine; Sandison, George A.; Stewart, Robert D.; Farr, Jonathan B.; Hsi, Wen C. [School of Health Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47906 (United States); Midwest Proton Radiotherapy Institute (MPRI), Bloomington, Indiana 47408 (United States)

2006-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

302

ND in Materials Science and Technology II  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Applied Neutron Scattering in Engineering and Materials Science Research: ND in ... to the unique infrastructure and specialized staff of the Nuclear Laboratory. Shielded cells enable neutron diffraction studies on highly radioactive samples.

303

Dr. Jaime A. Fernandez-Baca | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Jaime A. Fernandez-Baca Jaime A. Fernandez-Baca Leader, Triple-Axis Spectroscopy Group Education PhD in Experimental Condensed Matter Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland Description of Research Magnetic ordering and spin dynamics of strongly correlated electron materials such as magnetoresistive oxides, multiferroics, and related alloys using neutron scattering techniques. Selected Publications F. Ye, Songxue Chi, J.A. Fernandez-Baca, A. Moreo, E. Dagotto,J. W. Lynn, R. Mathieu, Y. Kaneko, Y. Tokura, and Pengcheng Dai, "Electronic self-organization in the single-layer manganite Pr1-xCa1+xMnO4," Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 167202(2009) Hao Sha, F. Ye, Pengcheng Dai, J. A. Fernandez-Baca, D. Mesa, J. W. Lynn, Y. Tomioka, Y. Tokura, and Jiandi Zhang, "Signature of Magnetic Phase

304

TOPAZ: the Single Crystal Diffractometer at SNS | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

TOPAZ-Single-Crystal Diffractometer TOPAZ-Single-Crystal Diffractometer TOPAZ instrument scientist Christina Hoffmann and scientific associate Matt Frost at TOPAZ. TOPAZ instrument scientist Christina Hoffmann and scientific associate Matt Frost at TOPAZ. TOPAZ is an elastic scattering instrument that allows for probing of material structures and responses under controlled environmental conditions. It enables neutron measurement of the same single-crystal samples that is possible with x-ray diffraction. Data are collected on samples of 0.1 mm3 or less. Resolution is such that an average unit cell size of [50 × 50 × 50] Å3 for compounds of moderate complexity can be easily accommodated. This includes inorganic large and porous framework and guest-host materials, metal (in-)organic cluster and

305

Powder diffraction in materials science using the KENS cold-neutron source  

SciTech Connect

Since superconductivity fever spread around the world, neutron powder diffraction has become very popular and been widely used by crystallographers, physicists, chemists, mineralogists, and materials scientists. The purpose of present paper is to show, firstly, important characteristics of time-of-flight TOF powder diffraction using cold-neutron source in the study of materials science, and, secondly, recent studies on the structure and function of batteries at the Neutron Science Laboratory (KENS) in the High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK).

Kamiyama, T.; Oikawa, K. [Univ. of Tsukuba (Japan). Inst. of Materials Science; Akiba, E. [National Inst. of Materials and Chemical Research, Tsukuba (Japan)] [and others

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Small-Angle Neutron Scattering Studies of a-Si:H and a-Si:D  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The heterogeneity of hydrogen and deuterium on the nanometer scale has been probed by samll-angle neutron scattering (SANS) from a-Si:H and a-Si:D films. Films were depsoited by two techniques, plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) and hot-wire chemical vapor deposition (HWCVD) using conditions that yield high quality films and devices.

Williamson, D. L.; Marr, D. W. M.; Nelson, B. P.; Iwaniczko, E.; Yang, J.; Yan, B.; Guha, S.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

The General-Purpose Small-Angle Neutron Scattering Diffractometer at HFIR -  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

General-Purpose Small-Angle Neutron Scattering Diffractometer at HFIR General-Purpose Small-Angle Neutron Scattering Diffractometer at HFIR Instrument scientist Ken Littrell at GP-SANS. Instrument scientist Ken Littrell at GP-SANS. The General-Purpose Small-Angle Neutron Scattering Diffractometer (GP-SANS) instrument is optimized for providing information about structure and interactions in materials in the size range of 0.5 - 200 nm. It has a cold neutron flux on sample and capabilities comparable to those of the best SANS instruments worldwide, including a wide range of neutron wavelengths λ 5 - 30 Å, resolution Δλ ⁄ λ 9=45%, and a 1m2 area detector with 5 × 5mm2 pixel resolution with a maximum counting capability of up to 2.5 kHz. The sample-to-detector distance can be varied from 1 to 20 m, and the detector can be offset horizontally by up to 45 cm, allowing

308

The Los Alamos Neutron Scattering Center data acquisition system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The FASTBUS subsystem of the LANSCE data acquisition system consists of a single FASTBUS crate segment with four custom modules and a QPI interface for the VAX. Since experiments at the LANSCE facility always include a time-of-flight parameter for the detected neutron and may optionally include additional position parameters characterizing the event, a time stamp is generated for each event by the Programmable Master Clock (PMC) module. The time and any position information are latched into the Time-Of-Flight buffer (TOF) module. After all events associated with a single neutron burst have been captured in a frame buffer internal to the TOF module, each event is analyzed by the MAPPER module and reduced to a histogram address to increment in the BULKSTORE module. Software access to the histogram is provided through the QPI interface.

Nelson, R.O.; Cort, G.; Gjovig, A.; Goldstone, J.A.; McMillan, D.E.; Ross, J.; Seal, J.; Machen, D.R.

1987-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

309

Capabilities of the CTAX Instrument - ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Capabilities of the CTAX Instrument Capabilities of the CTAX Instrument The US-Japan Cold Neutron Triple Axis CTAX ideal for measuring low-lying magnetic and lattice excitations in solids, and in measuring structural and magnetic order parameters in bulk materials. This instrument is most beneficial to the condensed matter and materials science communities. Due to its versatility and easy access this instrument can be used for parametric studies using a variety of ancillary sample environments to provide a complete control of thermodynamic variables such as temperature, magnetic field, and pressure. Most of the recent demand for this instrument has been focused in studies of unconventional superconductors, quantum magnets, thermoelectrics, organometallic magnets and multiferroics. Examples of typical experiments carried out at CTAX since its commissioning

310

22.05 Neutron Science and Reactor Physics, Fall 2006  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This course introduces fundamental properties of the neutron. It covers reactions induced by neutrons, nuclear fission, slowing down of neutrons in infinite media, diffusion theory, the few-group approximation, point ...

Bernard, John A.

311

Collocation method for the solution of the neutron transport equation with both symmetric and asymmetric scattering  

SciTech Connect

A collocation method is developed for the solution of the one-dimensional neutron transport equation in slab geometry with both symmetric and polarly asymmetric scattering. For the symmetric scattering case, it is found that the collocation method offers a combination of some of the best characteristics of the finite-element and discrete-ordinates methods. For the asymmetric scattering case, it is found that the computational cost of cross-section data processing under the collocation approach can be significantly less than that associated with the discrete-ordinates approach. A general diffusion equation treating both symmetric and asymmetric scattering is developed and used in a synthetic acceleration algorithm to accelerate the iterative convergence of collocation solutions. It is shown that a certain type of asymmetric scattering can radically alter the asymptotic behavior of the transport solution and is mathematically equivalent within the diffusion approximation to particle transport under the influence of an electric field. The method is easily extended to other geometries and higher dimensions. Applications exist in the areas of neutron transport with highly anisotropic scattering (such as that associated with hydrogenous media), charged-particle transport, and particle transport in controlled-fusion plasmas. 23 figures, 6 tables.

Morel, J.E.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Neutron Diffraction in the Toolbox for Materials Science and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Neutron Diffraction Studies of Residual Stresses around Gouges and Gouged Dents in Pipelines Neutron Diffraction Study and EVPSC Modeling of the...

313

Highlights from Research Conducted at ARCS | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New neutron studies support magnetism's role in superconductors Advances in unconventional iron-based superconductors Startling thermal energy behavior revealed by neutron...

314

Scattering  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Scattering Print Scattering Print When a crystalline sample is illuminated with x-rays, the x-rays are scattered (diffracted) into very specific directions with various intensities. Detectors are used to measure this "diffraction pattern," which is then processed by computers to deduce the arrangement of atoms within the crystal. Hard x-rays have wavelengths comparable to the distance between atoms. Essentially everything we know about the atomic structure of materials is based on results from x-ray and neutron diffraction. From advanced ceramics to catalysts, from semiconductor technology to the frontiers of medicine, and from new magnetic materials and devices to framework compounds used to sequester radioactive waste, crystallography using hard x-ray diffraction techniques at synchrotron radiation facilities plays a crucial role in our ability to understand and control the world in which we live.

315

Scattering  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Scattering Print Scattering Print When a crystalline sample is illuminated with x-rays, the x-rays are scattered (diffracted) into very specific directions with various intensities. Detectors are used to measure this "diffraction pattern," which is then processed by computers to deduce the arrangement of atoms within the crystal. Hard x-rays have wavelengths comparable to the distance between atoms. Essentially everything we know about the atomic structure of materials is based on results from x-ray and neutron diffraction. From advanced ceramics to catalysts, from semiconductor technology to the frontiers of medicine, and from new magnetic materials and devices to framework compounds used to sequester radioactive waste, crystallography using hard x-ray diffraction techniques at synchrotron radiation facilities plays a crucial role in our ability to understand and control the world in which we live.

316

The LANSCE (Los Alamos Neutron Scattering Center) target system  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

During the summer of 1985, we replaced the WNR T-shaped target/moderator scheme with the LANSCE split-target/flux-trap-moderator design. The intent of this 'LANSCE upgrade' was to increase (to 12) the number of neutron beam lines serviced simultaneously, and to enhance the target area shielding and target system to accept 200 ..mu..A of 800-MeV protons. The four LANSCE moderators consist of three (chilled) water moderators, and a liquid hydrogen (20 K) moderator. The LANSCE target is machinable tungsten.

Russell, G.J.; Robinson, H.; Legate, G.L.; Woods, R.; Whitaker, E.R.; Bridge, A.; Hughes, K.J.

1986-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

317

Kinetic energy of hydrogen in. beta. -V sub 2 H studied by neutron Compton scattering  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Hydrogen dissolves in nearly all metals in large quantities, occupying interstitial sites which are energetic minima of the hydrogen potential. Experimentally, this potential can be determined by neutron vibrational spectroscopy (NVS) and, recently, by neutron Compton scattering (NCS) i.e. either by a measurement of the excitation energies of the localized hydrogen vibrations or by a measurement of the hydrogen momentum distribution. In this brief communication we report on what we believe is the first NCS experiment on a metal hydride. For the system to be investigated we chose {beta}-V{sub 2}H, an ordered hydride phase with hydrogen on pseudotetragonal octahedral sites. 3 figs., 7 refs.

Hempelmann, R.; Richter, D. (Forschungszentrum Juelich GmbH (Germany, F.R.). Inst. fuer Festkoerperforschung); Price, D.L. (Argonne National Lab., IL (USA))

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Initial characterization of mudstone nanoporosity with small angle neutron scattering using caprocks from carbon sequestration sites.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Geological carbon sequestration relies on the principle that CO{sub 2} injected deep into the subsurface is unable to leak to the atmosphere. Structural trapping by a relatively impermeable caprock (often mudstone such as a shale) is the main trapping mechanism that is currently relied on for the first hundreds of years. Many of the pores of the caprock are of micrometer to nanometer scale. However, the distribution, geometry and volume of porosity at these scales are poorly characterized. Differences in pore shape and size can cause variation in capillary properties and fluid transport resulting in fluid pathways with different capillary entry pressures in the same sample. Prediction of pore network properties for distinct geologic environments would result in significant advancement in our ability to model subsurface fluid flow. Specifically, prediction of fluid flow through caprocks of geologic CO{sub 2} sequestration reservoirs is a critical step in evaluating the risk of leakage to overlying aquifers. The micro- and nanoporosity was analyzed in four mudstones using small angle neutron scattering (SANS). These mudstones are caprocks of formations that are currently under study or being used for carbon sequestration projects and include the Marine Tuscaloosa Group, the Lower Tuscaloosa Group, the upper and lower shale members of the Kirtland Formation, and the Pennsylvanian Gothic shale. Total organic carbon varies from shale and Kirtland Formation, respectively. Neutrons effectively scatter from interfaces between materials with differing scattering length density (i.e. minerals and pores). The intensity of scattered neutrons, I(Q), where Q is the scattering vector, gives information about the volume of pores and their arrangement in the sample. The slope of the scattering data when plotted as log I(Q) vs. log Q provides information about the fractality or geometry of the pore network. Results from this study, combined with high-resolution TEM imaging, provide insight into the differences in volume and geometry of porosity between these various mudstones.

McCray, John (Colorado School of Mines); Navarre-Sitchler, Alexis (Colorado School of Mines); Mouzakis, Katherine (Colorado School of Mines); Heath, Jason E.; Dewers, Thomas A.; Rother, Gernot (Oak Ridge National Laboratory)

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Measurement of the neutron magnetic form factor from inclusive quasielastic scattering of polarized electrons from polarized [sup 3]He  

SciTech Connect

We report a measurement of the asymmetry in spin-dependent quasielastic scattering of longitudinally polarized electrons from a polarized [sup 3]He target. The neutron magnetic form factor [ital G][sup [ital n

Gao, H.; Arrington, J.; Beise, E.J.; Bray, B.; Carr, R.W.; Filippone, B.W.; Lung, A.; McKeown, R.D.; Mueller, B.; Pitt, M.L. (California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States)); Jones, C.E. (Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)); DeSchepper, D.; Dodson, G.; Dow, K.; Ent, R.; Farkhondeh, M.; Hansen, J.; Korsch, W.; Kramer, L.H.; Lee, K.; Makins, N.; Milner, R.G.; Tieger, D.R.; Welch, T.P. (Bates Linear Accelerator Center, Laboratory for Nuclear Science and Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Masschusetts 02139 (United States)); Candell, E.; Napolitano, J.; Wojtsekhowski, B.B.; Tripp, C. (Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York 12180 (United States)); Lorenzon, W. (TRIUMF, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 2A3 (Canada))

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Dynamic behavior of hydration water in calcium-silicate-hydrate gel: A quasielastic neutron scattering spectroscopy investigation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The translational dynamics of hydration water confined in calcium-silicate-hydrate (C-S-H) gel was studied by quasielastic neutron scattering spectroscopy in the temperature range from 280 to 230 K. The stretch exponent ...

Li, Hua

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "neutron scattering science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Protons and Neutrons for Testing at LBNL | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Protons and Neutrons for Testing at Protons and Neutrons for Testing at LBNL Nuclear Physics (NP) NP Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of NP Spinoff Applications Spinoff Archives SBIR/STTR Applications of Nuclear Science and Technology Funding Opportunities Nuclear Science Advisory Committee (NSAC) News & Resources Contact Information Nuclear Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-26/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3613 F: (301) 903-3833 E: sc.np@science.doe.gov More Information » Spinoff Archives Protons and Neutrons for Testing at LBNL Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Application/instrumentation: Use of protons and neutrons for testing of microelectronics, optical components and nanostructures for advanced accelerators, ground and space

322

Neutron scattering from elemental indium, the optical model, and the bound-state potential  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Neutron differential elastic-scattering cross sections of elemental indium are measured from 4.5 to 10 MeV at incident-energy intervals of {approx}500 keV. Seventy or more differential values are obtained at each incident energy, distributed between {approx}18{degree} and 160{degree}. These experimental results are combined with lower-energy values previously obtained at this laboratory, and with 11 and 14 MeV results in the literature, to form a comprehensive elastic-scattering database extending from {approx}1.5 to 14 MeV. These data are interpreted in terms of a conventional spherical optical model. The resulting potential is extrapolated to the bound-state regime. It is shown that in the middle of the 50--82 neutron shell, the potential derived from the scattering results adequately describes the binding energies of article states, but does not do well for hole states. The latter shortcoming is attributed to the holes states having occupational probabilities sufficiently different from unity, so that the exclusion principle become a factor, and to the rearrangement of the neutron core. 68 refs.

Chiba, S. (Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan)); Guenther, P.T.; Lawson, R.D.; Smith, A.B. (Argonne National Lab., IL (USA))

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Pore accessibility by methane and carbon dioxide in coal as determined by neutron scattering  

SciTech Connect

Contrast-matching ultrasmall-angle neutron scattering (USANS) and small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) techniques were used for the first time to determine both the total pore volume and the fraction of the pore volume that is inaccessible to deuterated methane, CD{sub 4}, in four bituminous coals in the range of pore sizes between {approx}10 {angstrom} and {approx}5 {micro}m. Two samples originated from the Illinois Basin in the U.S.A., and the other two samples were commercial Australian bituminous coals from the Bowen Basin. The total and inaccessible porosity were determined in each coal using both Porod invariant and the polydisperse spherical particle (PDSP) model analysis of the scattering data acquired from coals both in vacuum and at the pressure of CD{sub 4}, at which the scattering length density of the pore-saturating fluid is equal to that of the solid coal matrix (zero average contrast pressure). The total porosity of the coals studied ranged from 7 to 13%, and the volume of pores inaccessible to CD{sub 4} varied from {approx}13 to {approx}36% of the total pore volume. The volume fraction of inaccessible pores shows no correlation with the maceral composition; however, it increases with a decreasing total pore volume. In situ measurements of the structure of one coal saturated with CO{sub 2} and CD{sub 4} were conducted as a function of the pressure in the range of 1-400 bar. The neutron scattering intensity from small pores with radii less than 35 {angstrom} in this coal increased sharply immediately after the fluid injection for both gases, which demonstrates strong condensation and densification of the invading subcritical CO{sub 2} and supercritical methane in small pores.

He, Lilin [ORNL; Melnichenko, Yuri B [ORNL; Mastalerz, Maria [Indiana Geological Survey; Sakurovs, Richard [ORNL; Radlinski, Andrzej Pawell [ORNL; Blach, Tomasz P [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Method for improving the angular resolution of a neutron scatter camera  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An instrument that will directly image the fast fission neutrons from a special nuclear material source wherein the neutron detection efficiency is increased has been described. Instead of the previous technique that uses a time-of-flight (TOF) between 2 widely spaced fixed planes of neutron detectors to measure scatter neutron kinetic energy, we now use the recoil proton energy deposited in the second of the 2 scatter planes which can now be repositioned either much closer together or further apart. However, by doubling the separation distance between the 2 planes from 20 cm to a distance of 40 cm we improved the angular resolution of the detector from about 12.degree. to about 10.degree.. A further doubling of the separation distance to 80 cm provided an addition improvement in angular resolution of the detector to about 6.degree. without adding additional detectors or ancillary electronics. The distance between planes also may be dynamically changed using a suitable common technique such as a gear- or motor-drive to toggle between the various positions. The angular resolution of this new configuration, therefore, is increased at the expanse of detection sensitivity. However, the diminished sensitivity may be acceptable for those applications where the detector is able to interrogate a particular site for an extended period.

Mascarenhas, Nicholas; Marleau, Peter; Gerling, Mark; Cooper, Robert Lee; Mrowka, Stanley; Brennan, James S.

2012-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

325

Los Alamos Neutron Science Center | National Nuclear Security...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

sponsors of LANSCE include the DOE, NNSA, Office of Science and Office of Nuclear Energy, Science and Technology. Users conduct research at state-of-the-art facilities...

326

Future Science Needs and Opportunities for Electron Scattering: Next-Generation Instrumentation and Beyond. Report of the Basic Energy Sciences Workshop on Electron Scattering for Materials Characterization, March 1-2, 2007  

SciTech Connect

To identify emerging basic science and engineering research needs and opportunities that will require major advances in electron-scattering theory, technology, and instrumentation.

Miller, D. J.; Williams, D. B.; Anderson, I. M.; Schmid, A. K.; Zaluzec, N. J.

2007-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

327

Photon Sciences | Beamlines | IXS: Inelastic X-ray Scattering  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

IXS: Inelastic X-ray Scattering IXS: Inelastic X-ray Scattering Poster | Fact Sheet | Preliminary Design Report Scientific Scope Many hot topics related to the high frequency dynamics of condensed matter require both a narrower and steeper resolution function and access to a broader dynamic range than what are currently available. This represents a sort of "no man's land" that falls right in the dynamic gap lying between the high frequency spectroscopies, such as inelastic x-ray scattering (IXS), and the low frequency ones. New IXS spectrometers with improved energy and momentum resolutions would be required to fill this gap. To achieve this goal, a new x-ray optics concept for both the monochromatization and energy analysis of x-rays will be implemented at the NSLS-II Inelastic X-ray Scattering beamline. This solution exploits the

328

Quasielastic neutron scattering of -NH3 and -BH3 rotational dynamics in orthorhombic ammonia borane  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Neutrons scattering techniques are ideally suited to directly probe H in materials due to the large incoherent scattering cross-section of hydrogen atom, and have been invaluable in providing direct insight into the local fluctuations and large amplitude motions in AB. Dihydrogen bonding may have a significant affect on materials to be used to store hydrogen for fuel-cell powered applications. We have noticed a trend of low temperature release of H2 in materials composed of hydridic and protonic hydrogen. This phenomenon has caught our attention and motivated our interest to gain more insight into dihydrogen bonding interactions in AB. We present results from a thorough Quasielastic Neutron Scattering (QENS) investigation of diffusive hydrogen motion in NH311BH3 and ND311BH3 to obtain (1) a direct measure of the rotational energy barriers the protonated species and (2) a confirmation of the 3-site jump model for rotational motion. The amplitude of the energy barrier of rotation of BH3 and NH3 determined by QENS are compared to those determined for BD3 and ND3 determined by 2H NMR studies.

Hess, Nancy J.; Hartman, Michael R.; Brown, Craig; Mamontov, Eugene; Karkamkar, Abhijeet J.; Heldebrant, David J.; Daemen, Luke L.; Autrey, Thomas

2008-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

329

IMAGINE: the Laue Diffractometer at HFIR | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Laue Diffractometer at HFIR IMAGINE IMAGINE IMAGINE is a state-of-the-art neutron image-plate single crystal diffractometer. It provides atomic resolution information on...

330

Chemical and Engineering Materials Division | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Engineering Materials Division (CEMD) supports neutron-based research at SNS and HFIR in understanding the structure and dynamics of chemical systems and novel engineering...

331

The Vibrational Spectrometer at SNS | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vibrational Spectrometer at SNS VISION VISION is best thought of as the neutron analogue of an infrared-Raman spectrometer. It is optimized to characterize molecular vibrations in...

332

Data Acquisition System - Instrument Support | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Acquisition & Controls The RAD Instrument Data Acquisition and Controls Group supports SNS neutron instruments by designing, building and maintaining custom electronics and...

333

LLRF 2007 Workshop Oct 22-25 2007 - Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

conference dinner transportation between the hotel and the Spallation Neutron Source tour at Oak Ridge National Laboratory A tour of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory's (ORNL)...

334

Highlights from Research Conducted at LR | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LR Neutron Reflectometry Helps Clarify Particle Interactions for Clean Drinking Water Biofuels Development for Energy Alternatives Building a Road Map for Tailoring Multilayer...

335

Neutron Sciences Staff Receive 2012 ORNL Awards Night Honors...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and innovation in establishing the foundation for reliability-centered operations and maintenance management at the Spallation Neutron Source and achieving a world-leading...

336

Chemical Sciences Division January 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(15) UT/ORNL Governor Chair (16) Neutron Scattering Science Division Special Division Assignments: M. Sharma (4) A. B. Dystra (4) M. J. Walworth (4) M. S. Elnaggar (2) J.. C. Young (4) Physical Organic

337

Exploration of deeply virtual Compton scattering on the neutron in the Hall A of Jefferson Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

Generalized Parton Distributions (GPDs) are universal functions which provide a comprehensive description of hadron properties in terms of quarks and gluons. Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering (DVCS) is the simplest hard exclusive process involving GPDs. In particular, the DVCS on the neutron is mostly sensitive to E, the less constrained GPD, wich allows to access to the quark angular momentum. The first dedicated DVCS experiment on the neutron ran in the Hall A of Jefferson Lab in fall 2004. The high luminosity of the experiment and the resulting background rate recquired specific devices which are decribed in this document. The analysis methods and the experiment results, leading to preliminary constraints on the GPD E, are presented.

Malek Mazouz

2006-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

338

X Ray Scattering | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

X Ray Scattering X Ray Scattering Materials Sciences and Engineering (MSE) Division MSE Home About Research Areas Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) DOE Energy Innovation Hubs BES Funding Opportunities The Computational Materials and Chemical Sciences Network (CMCSN) Theoretical Condensed Matter Physics Scientific Highlights Reports and Activities Principal Investigators' Meetings BES Home Research Areas X Ray Scattering Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page This activity supports basic research on the fundamental interactions of photons with matter to achieve an understanding of atomic, electronic, and magnetic structures and excitations and their relationships to materials properties. The main emphasis is on x-ray scattering, spectroscopy, and imaging research, primarily at major BES-supported user facilities.

339

The early development of neutron diffraction: Science in the wings of the Manhattan Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although neutron diffraction was first observed using radioactive decay sources shortly after the discovery of the neutron, it was only with the availability of higher intensity neutron beams from the first nuclear reactors, constructed as part of the Manhattan project, that systematic investigation of Bragg scattering became possible. Remarkably, at a time when the war effort was singularly focused on the development of the atomic bomb, groups working at Oak Ridge and Chicago carried out key measurements and recognized the future utility of neutron diffraction quite independent of its contributions to the measurements of nuclear cross sections. Ernest O. Wollan, Lyle B. Borst, and Walter H. Zinn were all able to observe neutron diffraction in 1944 using the X-10 graphite reactor and the CP-3 heavy water reactor.

Mason, Thom [ORNL; Gawne, Timothy J [ORNL; Nagler, Stephen E [ORNL; Nestor, Margaret Boone {Bonnie} [ORNL; Carpenter, John M [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Capabilities of the FNPB Instrument | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Capabilities of the FNPB Instrument Capabilities of the FNPB Instrument Fundamental Physics with Cold and Ultracold Neutrons Fundamental Beamline The fundamental physics beam line showing the "cold neutron" area inside the SNS Experiment Hall and the external UCN facility. For scale, the existing n+ p → d + γ apparatus is shown in the "cold beam" position, and the proposed neutron electric dipole moment apparatus is shown in the external building. Cold neutrons and ultracold neutrons (UCNs) have been employed in a wide variety of investigations that shed light on important issues in nuclear, particle, and astrophysics in the determination of fundamental constants and in the study of fundamental symmetry violation. In many cases, these experiments provide information not available from existing

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "neutron scattering science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Synthesis and characterization of nanophase zirconia : reverse micelle method and neutron scattering study.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Zirconia is an important transition-metal oxide for catalytic applications. It has been widely used in automotive exhaust treatment, methanol synthesis, isomerization, alkylation, etc. [1]. Nanophase materials have unique physiochemical properties such as quantum size effects, high surface area, uniform morphology, narrow size distribution, and improvement of sintering rates[2]. Microemulsion method provides the means for controlling the microenvironment under which specific chemical reactions may occur in favoring the formation of homogeneous, nanometer-size particles. In this paper, we report the synthesis of nanophase zirconia and the characterization of the microemulsions as well as the powders by small- and wide-angle neutron scattering techniques.

Li, X.

1998-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

342

Deeply virtual Compton scattering on longitudinally polarized protons and neutrons at CLAS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper focuses on a measurement of deeply virtual Compton scattering (DVCS) performed at Jefferson Lab using a nearly-6-GeV polarized electron beam, two longitudinally polarized (via DNP) solid targets of protons (NH{sub 3}) and deuterons (ND{sub 3}) and the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer. Here, preliminary results for target-spin asymmetries and double (beam-target) asymmetries for proton DVCS, as well as a very preliminary extraction of beam-spin asymmetry for neutron DVCS, are presented and linked to Generalized Parton Distributions.

Silvia Niccolai

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Use of Small Angle Neutron Scattering to Study Various Properties of Wool and Mohair Fibres  

SciTech Connect

To maintain a competitive edge in the wool and mohair industry, a detailed knowledge and understanding of the properties of wool fibres is essential. Standard techniques are used to determine fibre diameter, length and strength; however, properties such as hydroscopicity, lustre and changes in fibre structure following chemical or mechanical treatment are not so well understood. The unique capabilities of small angle neutron scattering to study changes in the supermolecular structure of wool fibres, particularly at the level of the microfibril-matrix complex, have been used to provide previously unknown features of the fibres. The results of these studies are presented.

Franklyn, C. B. [Radiation Science Department, Necsa, PO Box 582, Pretoria 0001 (South Africa); Toeroek, Gy. [Research Institute for Solid State Physics and Optics, H-1525 Budapest, POB 49 (Hungary)

2011-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

344

Operational Status and Life Extension Plans for the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE)  

SciTech Connect

The Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE) accelerator and beam delivery complex generates the proton beams that serve three neutron production sources, a proton radiography facility and a medical and research isotope production facility. The recent operating history of the facility, including both achievements and challenges, will be reviewed. Plans for performance improvement will be discussed, together with the underlying drivers for the ongoing LANSCE Linac Risk Mitigation (LRM) project. The details of this latter project will also be discussed.

Erickson, John L. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Rees, Daniel E. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

History of EQ-SANS | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

History of EQ-SANS On December 23, 2008, EQ-SANS received its first neutrons. participants in the commissioning of EQ-SQNS Among those present for the start-up were (left to right)...

346

TAX: Backscattering Spectrometer at SNS | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Triple-Axis Spectrometer at HFIR Triple-Axis Spectrometer (HB-3) Triple-Axis Spectrometer (HB-3). HB-3 is a colossal flux thermal neutron three-axis spectrometer designed for...

347

New thermal neutron scattering files for ENDF/B-VI release 2  

SciTech Connect

At thermal neutron energies, the binding of the scattering nucleus in a solid, liquid, or gas affects the cross section and the distribution of secondary neutrons. These effects are described in the thermal sub-library of Version VI of the Evaluated Nuclear Data Files (ENDF/B-VI) using the File 7 format. In the original release of the ENDF/B-VI library, the data in File 7 were obtained by converting the thermal scattering evaluations of ENDF/B-III to the ENDF-6 format. These original evaluations were prepared at General Atomics (GA) in the late sixties, and they suffer from accuracy limitations imposed by the computers of the day. This report describes new evaluations for six of the thermal moderator materials and six new cold moderator materials. The calculations were made with the LEAPR module of NJOY, which uses methods based on the British code LEAP, together with the original GA physics models, to obtain new ENDF files that are accurate over a wider range of energy and momentum transfer than the existing files. The new materials are H in H{sub 2}O, Be metal, Be in BeO, C in graphite, H in ZrH, Zr in ZrH, liquid ortho-hydrogen, liquid para-hydrogen, liquid ortho-deuterium, liquid para-deuterium liquid methane, and solid methane.

MacFarlane, R.E.

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

The use of chopper spectrometers for cold-to-epithermal neutron scattering at IPNS  

SciTech Connect

A multi-detector chopper spectrometer enables measurements of the scattering function S(Q,E) to be made over a wide range of momentum and energy transfer (Q,E). The application of pulsed-source chopper spectrometers for inelastic measurements at thermal and epithermal energies (50 meV < E < 1000 meV) is well known. Recently at IPNS, we have extended the energy-transfer region down to about 0.5 meV with a resolution of the order of 150 {mu}eV. It is made possible by utilizing the cold-neutron incident spectrum of the 100 K methane moderator in conjunction with a dual beryllium-body rotor system. Neutron incident energies can be changed efficiently over the 4 to 1000 meV region while maintaining an undisturbed sample environment. We describe the operation of the IPNS chopper spectrometers (HRMECS and LRMECS), the instrumental resolution and the background-suppression performance. The capability of measuring inelastic features from 0.5 to 100 meV with an energy resolution of {Delta}E/E{sub 0} = 2.5% is demonstrated by experimental results of crystal-field excitation spectra of a high-Tc superconductor ErBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7}. Preliminary data of quasielastic scattering from a room-temperature molten salt AlCl{sub 3}-EMIC are presented.

Loong, C.K.; Donley, L.I.; Ostrowski, G.E.; Kleb, R.; Hammonds, J.P.; Soderholm, L.; Takahashi, S.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Development and Validation of Temperature Dependent Thermal Neutron Scattering Laws for Applications and Safety Implications in Generation IV Reactor Designs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The overall obljectives of this project are to critically review the currently used thermal neutron scattering laws for various moderators as a function of temperature, select as well documented and representative set of experimental data sensitive to the neutron spectra to generate a data base of benchmarks, update models and models parameters by introducing new developments in thermalization theory and condensed matter physics into various computational approaches in establishing the scattering laws, benchmark the results against the experimentatl set. In the case of graphite, a validation experiment is performed by observing nutron slowing down as a function of temperatures equal to or greater than room temperature.

Ayman Hawari

2008-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

350

The Manuel Lujan Jr. Neutron Scattering Center (LANSCE) experiment reports 1993 run cycle. Progress report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This year the Manuel Lujan Jr. Neutron Scattering Center (LANSCE) ran an informal user program because the US Department of Energy planned to close LANSCE in FY1994. As a result, an advisory committee recommended that LANSCE scientists and their collaborators complete work in progress. At LANSCE, neutrons are produced by spallation when a pulsed, 800-MeV proton beam impinges on a tungsten target. The proton pulses are provided by the Clinton P. Anderson Meson Physics Facility (LAMPF) accelerator and a associated Proton Storage Ring (PSR), which can Iter the intensity, time structure, and repetition rate of the pulses. The LAMPF protons of Line D are shared between the LANSCE target and the Weapons Neutron Research (WNR) facility, which results in LANSCE spectrometers being available to external users for unclassified research about 80% of each annual LAMPF run cycle. Measurements of interest to the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) may also be performed and may occupy up to an additional 20% of the available beam time. These experiments are reviewed by an internal program advisory committee. This year, a total of 127 proposals were submitted. The proposed experiments involved 229 scientists, 57 of whom visited LANSCE to participate in measurements. In addition, 3 (nuclear physics) participating research teams, comprising 44 scientists, carried out experiments at LANSCE. Instrument beam time was again oversubscribed, with 552 total days requested an 473 available for allocation.

Farrer, R.; Longshore, A. [comps.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Use of single scatter electron monte carlo transport for medical radiation sciences  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The single scatter Monte Carlo code CREEP models precise microscopic interactions of electrons with matter to enhance physical understanding of radiation sciences. It is designed to simulate electrons in any medium, including materials important for biological studies. It simulates each interaction individually by sampling from a library which contains accurate information over a broad range of energies.

Svatos, Michelle M. (Oakland, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

CIRE Graduate Fellowships at UT/ORNL | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CIRE Graduate Fellowships at UTORNL CIRE Graduate Fellowships NScD recognizes a special imperative of contributing towards and augmenting strength and excellence in science and...

353

Los Alamos neutron science user facility - control system risk mitigation & updates  

SciTech Connect

LANSCE User Facility is seeing continuing support and investments. The investment will sustain reliable facility operations well into the next decade. As a result, the LANSCE User Facility will continue to be a premier Neutron Science Facility at the Los Alamos National Laboratory.

Pieck, Martin [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

354

FUNDAMENTAL STUDIES OF CO2-COAL INTERACTIONS USING NEUTRON SCATTERING AT CONDITIONS RELEVANT TO SUBSURFACE CARBON SEQUESTRATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FUNDAMENTAL STUDIES OF CO2-COAL INTERACTIONS USING NEUTRON SCATTERING AT CONDITIONS RELEVANT sites CARBON CAPTURE AND STORAGE IN UNMINABLE COAL SEAMS IS IMPORTANT COMPONENT OF A PORTFOLIO OF CO2 AND SORPTION CAPACITY FOR CO2 IN DIFFERENT COAL SEAMS NEEDS: ACHIEVE FUNDAMENTAL UNDERSTANDING OF FLUID

355

Neutron Scattering Study of Quantum Phase Transitions inIntegral Spin Chains.  

SciTech Connect

Quite a few low-dimensional magnets are quantum-disordered 'spin liquids' with a characteristic gap in the magnetic excitation spectrum. Among these are antiferromagnetic chains of integer quantum spins. Their generic feature are long-lived massive (gapped) excitations (magnons) that are subject to Zeeman splitting in external magnetic fields. The gap in one of the magnon branches decreases with field, driving a soft-mode quantum phase transition. The system then enters a qualitatively new high-field phase. The actual properties at high fields, particularly the spin dynamics, critically depend on the system under consideration. Recent neutron scattering studies of organometallic polymer crystals NDMAP (Haldane spin chains with anisotropy) and NTENP (dimerized S = 1 chains) revealed rich and unique physics.

Zheludev, Andrey I [ORNL

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Small angle neutron scattering analysis of novel carbons for lithium secondary batteries.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Small angle neutron scattering analyses of carbonaceous materials used as anodes in lithium ion cells have been performed. The carbons have been synthesized using pillared clays (PILCs) as inorganic templates. Pillared clays are layered silicates whose sheets have been permanently propped open by sets of thermally stable molecular props. The calcined PILC was loaded with five different organic precursors and heated at 700 C under nitrogen. When the inorganic pillars were removed by acid treatment, carbon sheets are produced with holes. The fitting of the data in the high q region suggested that the carbon sheets have voids with radii ranging from 4 to 8 {angstrom}. Similar radii were obtained for the PILC and PILC/organic precursor, which suggests that the carbon was well distributed in the clay prior to pyrolysis.

Sandi, G.; Thiyagarajan, P.; Winans, R.; Carrado, K.

1998-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

357

In situ determination of soil carbon pool by inelastic neutron scattering: Comparison with dry combustion  

SciTech Connect

There is a well-documented need for new in situ technologies for elemental analysis of soil, particularly for carbon (C), that overcome the limitations of the currently established chemical method by dry combustion (DC). In this work, we evaluated the concordance between the new INS (inelastic neutron scattering) technology and the DC method. The comparisons were carried out in the high C content (30-40%) organic soils of Willard, Ohio (4 sites), in natural forest in Willard, Ohio (1 site), and in a watershed pasture, with an {approx} 10{sup o} slope, in Coshocton, Ohio (5 sites). In addition to these stationary measurements, the organic soil and the pasture were continuously scanned with the inelastic neutron scattering (INS) system to obtain the transects mean C value. Both types of measurements, INS and DC, registered a decline in the surface density of C along transects in the watershed and in the organic soil. Similarly, both recorded a drop in C in the organic soil of about 0.16%. In the pastureland, declines in C levels of 0.08% and 0.10% were observed, respectively, by DC and INS. Combining the results from the three sites yielded a very satisfactory correlation between the INS- and DC-responses, with a regression coefficient, r{sup 2}, value of about 0.99. This suggests the possibility of establishing a universal regression line for various soil types. In addition, we demonstrated the ability of INS to measure the mean value over transect. In organic soil the mean value of an INS scan agreed, {approx} 0.5%, with the mean values of the DC analysis, whereas large discrepancy between these two was recorded in the pastureland. Overall, the various trends observed in C measurements by INS concurred with those determined by the DC method, so enhancing the confidence in the new INS technology.

Wielopolski, L.; Mitra, S.; Chatterjee, A.; Lal, R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Neutron Physics Group  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... spectrum and fluencies is essential for several ... Neutron Interferometer and Optics Facility performed a ... other neutron scattering facilities depends on ...

2011-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

359

Publications from Research Conducted at CG-1 | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Publications from Research Conducted at CG-1 Publications from Research Conducted at CG-1 2013 Publications Wang C. L., Clonts L. G., Diawara Y., Hannan B. W., Hodges J. P., "Elimination of ghosting artifacts from wavelength-shifting fiber neutron detectors", Review of Scientific Instruments 84, 013308 (2013). 2011 Publications Crow L., Robertson L., Bilheux H., Fleenor M., Iverson E., Tong X., Stoica D., Lee W. T., "The CG1 instrument development test station at the High Flux Isotope Reactor", Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 634, S71-S74 (2011). 2010 Publications Bilheux H. Z., Horita J., Warren J. M., Perfect E., Kang M., "Neutron imaging of fluids in plantsoil- rock systems using the ORNL/HFIR CG-1 beamline", Goldschmidt Abstracts B, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta

360

Publications from Research Conducted at GP-SANS | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Publications from Research Conducted at GP-SANS Publications from Research Conducted at GP-SANS 2013 Publications Anovitz L. M., Cole D. R., Rother G., Allard L. F., Jackson A. J., Littrell K. C., "Diagenetic changes in macro- to nano-scale porosity in the St. Peter sandstone: an (ultra) small angle neutron scattering and backscattered electron imaging analysis", Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 102, 280-305 (2013). Black S. B., Chang Y., Bae C., Hickner M. A., "FTIR characterization of water-polymer interactions in superacid polymers", Journal of Physical Chemistry B 117, 16266-16274 (2013). Boukhalfa S., He L., Melnichenko Y. B., Yushin G., "Small-angle neutron scattering for in situ probing of ion adsorption inside micropores", Angewandte Chemie International Edition 52, 4618-4622 (2013).

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "neutron scattering science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Presented by The Neutron Science TeraGrid Gateway  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Report" Maslow, A. H. (1943). A Theory of Human Motivation. Psychological Review, 50, 370-396. David · Under development at Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation's (ANSTO) Bragg Institute for instruments on the OPAL reactor source · ANSTO Team: Nick Hauser, Tony Lam · Mark Green (TechX, Buffalo

362

ORNL neutron facilities deliver neutrons  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) resumed full power operations on May 16, 2007. There were three experiment cycles of 23 to 25 days in FY2007 and another six are proposed for FY2008 beginning in November 2007. During FY 2007, the High Flux Isotope Reactor delivered 1178 operating hours to users. Commissioning of two SANS instruments is under way and these instruments will join the user program in 2008. The Neutron Scattering Science Advisory Committee endorsed language encouraging development of the science case for two instruments proposed for HFIR.

Ekkebus, Allen E [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Los Alamos neutron science center nuclear weapons stewardship and unique national scientific capabilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This presentation gives an overview of the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE) and its contributions to science and the nuclear weapons program. LANSCE is made of multiple experimental facilities (the Lujan Center, the Weapons Neutron Research facility (WNR), the Ultra-Cold Neutron facility (UCN), the proton Radiography facility (pRad) and the Isotope Production Facility (IPF)) served by the its kilometer long linear accelerator. Several research areas are supported, including materials and bioscience, nuclear science, materials dynamics, irradiation response and medical isotope production. LANSCE is a national user facility that supports researchers worldwide. The LANSCE Risk Mitigation program is currently in progress to update critical accelerator equipment to help extend the lifetime of LANSCE as a key user facility. The Associate Directorate of Business Sciences (ADBS) plays an important role in the continued success of LANSCE. This includes key procurement support, human resource support, technical writing support, and training support. LANSCE is also the foundation of the future signature facility MARIE (Matter-Radiation Interactions in Extremes).

Schoenberg, Kurt F [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

364

Neutron total and scattering cross sections of /sup 6/Li in the few MeV region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Neutron total cross sections of /sup 6/Li are measured from approx. 0.5 to approx. 4.8 MeV at intervals of approx. 10 scattering angles and at incident-neutron intervals of approx.< 100 keV. Neutron differential inelastic-scattering cross sections are measured in the incident-energy range 3.5 to 4.0 MeV. The experimental results are extended to lower energies using measured neutron total cross sections recently reported elsewhere by the authors. The composite experimental data (total cross sections from 0.1 to 4.8 MeV and scattering cross sections from 0.22 to 4.0 MeV) are interpreted in terms of a simple two-level R-matrix model which describes the observed cross sections and implies the reaction cross section in unobserved channels; notably the (n;..cap alpha..)t reaction (Q = 4.783 MeV). The experimental and calculational results are compared with previously reported results as summarized in the ENDF/B-V evaluated nuclear data file.

Smith, A.; Guenther, P.; Whalen, J.

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Neutron and x-ray scattering studies of the metallurgical condition and residual stresses in Weldalite welds  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Weldalite is a lithium-containing aluminum alloy which is being considered for aerospace applications because its favorable strength-to-weight ratio. Successful welding of this alloy depends on the control of the metallurgical condition and residual stresses in the heat affected zone. Neutron and x-ray scattering methods of residual stress measurement were applied to plasma arc welds made in aluminum-lithium alloy test panels as part of an evaluation of materials for use in welded structures. In the course of these studies discrepancies between x-ray and neutron results from the heat affected zone (HAZ) of the weld were found. Texture changes and recovery from the cold work, indicated in peak widths, were found in the HAZ as well. The consideration of x-ray and neutron results leads to the conclusion that there is a change in solute composition which modifies the d-spacings in the HAZ which affects the neutron diffraction determination of residual stresses. The composition changes give the appearance of significant compressive strains in the HAZ. This effect and sharp gradients in the texture give severe anomalies in the neutron measurement of residual stress. The use of combined x-ray and neutron techniques and the solution to the minimizing of the neutron diffraction anomalies are discussed.

Spooner, S. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Pardue, E.B.S. [Technology for Energy Corp., Knoxville, TN (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

366

IConUSAS 2003 - Past Events - Calendar - Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Past Events Saturday, January 11, 2014 Past Events Saturday, January 11, 2014 Go Click on image for larger PDF version, which contains links to additional information. Program with Presentations Abstracts Registration Information Registration Form Speaker Information Hotel Reservations Airline Transportation Airline Ground Transportation Weather in Oak Ridge Workshop Venue What to Do in Oak Ridge Organization Chart Local Contacts Workshop Photos Registration Information The registration fee for the workshop is $150.00 paid on or before June 1; the fee is $200.00 if paid between June 2 and June 26. Registration closes on June 26, 2003. The registration form may be submitted electronically, faxed, or mailed to Al Ekkebus Spallation Neutron Source 701 Scarboro Road Oak Ridge, TN 37830 Fax No.: 865-241-5177

367

Neutron Sciences - Electrode Material for Solid-oxide Fuel Cells  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Theory meets experiment: structure-property relationships in an electrode Theory meets experiment: structure-property relationships in an electrode material for solid-oxide fuel cells Research Contact: Ana B. Munoz-Garcia December 2012, Written by Agatha Bardoel Fuel cell technology is one potentially very efficient and environmentally friendly way to convert the chemical energy of fuels into electricity. Solid-oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) can convert a wide variety of fuels with simpler, cheaper designs than those used in liquid electrolyte cells. Using the Powder Diffractometer at the Spallation Neutron Source, researchers experimentally characterized the promising new SOFC electrode material strontium iron molybdenum oxide─Sr2Fe1.5Mo0.5O6-δ (SFMO). Combining the experimental results with insights from theory showed that the crystal structure is distorted from the ideal cubic simple perovskite

368

Publications from Research Conducted at WAND | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Publications from Research Conducted at WAND Publications from Research Conducted at WAND 2013 Publications Durand A. M., Belanger D. P., Booth C. H., Ye F., Chi S., Fernandez-Baca J. A., Bhat M., "Magnetism and phase transitions in LaCoO3", Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 25, 382203 (2013). Kobayashi R., Kaneko K., Wakimoto S., Chi S., Sanada N., Watanuki R., Suzuki K., "Powder neutron diffraction study of HoCoGa", Journal of the Korean Physical Society 63, 337-340 (2013). Retuerto M., Li M. R., Ignatov A., Croft M., Ramanujachary K. V., Chi S., Hodges J. P., Dachraoui W., Hadermann J., Tran T. T., Halasyamani P. S., Grams C. P., Hemberger J., Greenblatt M., "Polar and magnetic layered A-site and rock salt B-site-ordered NaLnFeWO6 (Ln = La, Nd) perovskites", Inorganic Chemistry 52, 12482-12491 (2013).

369

Publications from Research Conducted at MR | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Publications from Research Conducted at MR Publications from Research Conducted at MR 2013 Publications Erickson M. J., "Surface and interface effects in nanoscopic metallic spin transport devices", University of Minnesota , (2013). Ji N., Lauter V., Zhang X., Ambaye H., Wang J.-P., "Strain induced giant magnetism in epitaxial Fe16N2 thin film", Applied Physics Letters 102, 072411 (2013). Jiang C. Y., Tong X., Brown D. R., Lee W. T., Ambaye H., Craig J. W., Crow L., Culbertson H., Goyette R., Graves-Brook M. K., Hagen M. E., Kadron B., Lauter V., McCollum L. W., Robertson J. L., Winn B., Vandegrift A. E., "Polarized 3He neutron spin filters at Oak Ridge National Laboratory", Physics Procedia 42, 191-199 (2013). Ke X., Belenky L. J., Lauter V., Ambaye H., Bark C. W., Eom C. B.,

370

Capabilities of the SNAP Instrument | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Capabilities of the SNAP Instrument Capabilities of the SNAP Instrument As general note, we have now moved to the MANTID software package for most of our data reduction processing. This makes the reduction of raw data a much easier and automated process for most applications. Current General Capabilities Disordered materials studies (glasses/liquids/sloppy crystals at HP): low-resolution wide Q-range mode, 0.6neutron beam intensity falls off rapidly at

371

CNCS: the Cold Neutron Chopper Spectrometer at SNS | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cold Neutron Chopper Spectrometer at SNS Cold Neutron Chopper Spectrometer at SNS CNCS detector array Interior of the CNCS detector array. CNCS is a high-resolution, direct-geometry, multi-chopper inelastic spectrometer designed to provide flexibility in the choice of energy resolution and to perform best at low incident energies (2 to 50 meV). Although the detector coverage around the sample is 1.7 sr, a later upgrade to 3 sr is possible. Experiments at CNCS typically use energy resolutions between 10 and 500 µeV. A broad variety of scientific problems, ranging from complex and quantum fluids to magnetism and chemical spectroscopy, are being addressed through experiments at CNCS. Applications Schematic of CNCS (larger image). Complex fluids: dilute protein solutions, biological gels, selective

372

Publications from Research Conducted at CTAX | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Publications from Research Conducted at CTAX Publications from Research Conducted at CTAX 2013 Publications Hong T., Zhu L. Y., Ke X., Garlea V. O., Qiu Y., Nambu Y., Yoshizawa H., Zhu M., Granroth G. E., Savici A. T., Gai Z., Zhou and H.D., "Structural and magnetic properties in the quantum S=1/2 dimer system Ba3(Cr1-xVx)2O8 with site disorder", Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 87, 144427 (2013). Ma J., Delaire O., May A. F., Carlton C. E., McGuire M. A., VanBebber L. H., Abernathy D. L., Ehlers G., Hong T., Huq A., Tian W., Keppens V. M., Shao-Horn Y., Sales B. C., "Glass-like phonon scattering from a spontaneous nanostructure in AgSbTe2", Nature Nanotechnology , (2013). Minnich A. J., "Naturally glassy crystals", Nature Nanotechnology 8, 392-393 (2013).

373

BASIS: Backscattering Spectrometer at SNS | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Backscattering Spectrometer Backscattering Spectrometer View inside the BAIS tank View inside the BASIS tank. BASIS is a near-backscattering, crystal-analyzer spectrometer that provides very fine energy resolution, as low as 3.0 to 3.5 µeV at the elastic peak (depending on sample size). This requires a long initial guide section of 84 m from moderator to sample in order to achieve the timing resolution necessary for obtaining the desired energy resolution. BASIS provides an excellent dynamic range near the elastic peak of about plus and minus 100 µeV in the standard high-intensity operation regime, which, if needed, could be extended to plus and minus 200 µeV and beyond. The spectrometer is optimized for quasielastic scattering but provides about 0.1% resolution in energy transfers up to ~40 meV; the inelastic excitations need to be

374

A Search for non-Newtonian force in a precision measurement of the scattering of slow neutrons in Xenon gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An experimental search for non-newtonian, gravity-like force in a precision measurement of the scattering of slow neutrons in Xenon gas is proposed. A preliminary experiment with small statistics of 25 hours irradiation time was performed and the observed scattering distribution is consistent with the expectation with no additional forces. A 95% CL limit on the coupling strength for a hypothetical force of 1 nm interaction range was evaluated to be 2*10^-15. The expected sensitivity for a planned high statistics runs is discussed.

Yoshio Kamiya; Misato Tani; Sachio Komamiya; Guinyun Kim; Kyungsuk Kim

2013-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

375

Scattering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most computer-generated imagery represents scenes with clear atmospheres, neglecting light scattering effects. But scattering is a fundamental aspect of light transport in a wide range of applications, whether one is simulating it or interpreting it, ...

Diego Gutierrez; Henrik Wann Jensen; Wojciech Jarosz; Craig Donner

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Scattering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most of current computer-generated imagery represents scenes with clear atmospheres, neglecting light scattering effects, and most computer-vision systems have not enjoyed success when deployed in uncontrolled outdoor environments. Nevertheless, scattering ...

Diego Gutierrez; Wojciech Jarosz; Craig Donner; Srinivasa G. Narasimhan

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

1Oak Ridge National Laboratory Science & Technology Highlights  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) and the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) to establish ANSWER--Advanced Neutron Scatter- ing netWork for Education of facilities for neutron science have been established in the United States, including the $1.4 billion SNS Isotope Reactor and the VULCAN instrument at SNS. Another goal of the Institutes and ANSWER is to train

378

Capabilities of the TAX Instrument | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Capabilities of the TAX Instrument Capabilities of the TAX Instrument The HB-3 is a high-intensity triple axis spectrometer that is ideal for measuring magnetic excitations in solids, up to 100 meV and for measuring structural and magnetic order parameters in bulk materials. This instrument is most beneficial to the condensed matter and materials science communities. Due to its versatility and easy access this instrument can be used for parametric studies using a variety of ancillary sample environments to provide a complete control of thermodynamic variables such as temperature, magnetic field, and pressure. During the last few years most of the demand for this instrument has been focused in studies of unconventional superconductors, quantum magnets, thermoelectrics, ferroelectrics and multiferroics.

379

Capabilities of the POWDER Instrument | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Capabilities of the POWDER Instrument Capabilities of the POWDER Instrument The scientific areas that may benefit from using the HB-2A instrument are condensed matter physics, chemistry, geology, and material science. Due to its versatility, this instrument can be employed for a large variety of experiments, but it is particularly adapted for determining crystal structures with relatively large unit cells (dmax ≈ 28 Å), as well as complex magnetic structures. Furthermore, studies of phase transitions, thermal expansion, quantitative analysis, and ab-initio structure solution from powder data can be undertaken. A full range of ancillary sample environments can be used to provide a complete control of thermodynamic variables such as temperature, magnetic field, and pressure. The following examples highlight some of the basic features and

380

Capabilities of the FIE-TAX Instrument | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Capabilities of the FIE-TAX Instrument Capabilities of the FIE-TAX Instrument The HB-1A triple axis spectrometer is an excellent instrument for measuring low-lying magnetic excitations in solids, and for measuring structural and magnetic order parameters in bulk materials as well as in nanostructured materials such as thin films and nanoparticles. In the case of thin films the use of energy analysis is key capability which enables the desired signal to be separated from the massive background due to the substrate. This instrument is most beneficial to the condensed matter and materials science communities. Due to its versatility and easy access this instrument can be used for parametric studies using a variety of ancillary sample environments to provide a complete control of thermodynamic

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381

Soluble Hydrogen-bonding Interpolymer Complexes in Water: A Small-Angle Neutron Scattering Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The hydrogen-bonding interpolymer complexation between poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) and the poly(N,N-dimethylacrylamide) (PDMAM) side chains of the negatively charged graft copolymer poly(acrylic acid-co-2-acrylamido-2-methyl-1-propane sulfonic acid)-graft-poly(N, N dimethylacrylamide) (P(AA-co-AMPSA)-g-PDMAM), containing 48 wt % of PDMAM, and shortly designated as G48, has been studied by small-angle neutron scattering in aqueous solution. Complexation occurs at low pH (pH hydrogen-bonding interpolymer complexes, whose radius is estimated to be around 165 A. As these particles involve more than five graft copolymer chains, they act as stickers between the anionic chains of the graft copolymer backbone. This can explain the characteristic thickening observed in past rheological measurements with these mixtures in the semidilute solution, with decreasing pH. We have also examined the influence of pH and PAA molecular weight on the formation of these nanoparticles.

Maria Sotiropoulou; Julian Oberdisse; Georgios Staikos

2006-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

382

''Inelastic Neutron Scattering and Periodic Density Functional Studies of Hydrogen Bonded Structures''  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This project is directed at a fundamental understanding of hydrogen bonding, the primary reversible interaction leading to defined geometries, networks and supramolecular aggregates formed by organic molecules. Hydrogen bonding is still not sufficiently well understood that the geometry of such supramolecular aggregates can be predicted. In the approach taken existing quantum chemical methods capable of treating periodic solids have been applied to hydrogen bonded systems of known structure. The equilibrium geometry for the given space group and packing arrangement were computed and compared to that observed. The second derivatives and normal modes of vibration will then be computed and from this inelastic neutron scattering (INS) spectra were computed using the normal mode eigenvectors to compute spectral intensities. Appropriate inclusion of spectrometer line width and shape was made in the simulation and overtones, combinations and phonon wings were be included. These computed spectra were then compared with experimental results obtained for low-temperature polycrystalline samples at INS spectrometers at several facilities. This procedure validates the computational methodology for describing these systems including both static and dynamic aspects of the material. The resulting description can be used to evaluate the relative free energies of two or more proposed structures and so ultimately to be able to predict which structure will be most stable for a given building block.

Bruce S. Hudson

2004-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

383

Status report on the analysis of inelastic neutron scattering from carbon, iron, yttrium and lead at 96 MeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work is part of an effort to provide more experimental data for the (n,n'x) reaction. The experiments were carried out at The Svedberg Laboratory in Uppsala, Sweden, at the quasi-mono-energetic neutron beam of 96 MeV, before the facility was upgraded in 2004. Using an extended data analysis of data primarily intended for measuring elastic neutron scattering only, it was found to be possible to extract information on the inelastic scattering from several nuclei. In the preliminary data analysis, an iterative forward-folding technique was applied, in which a physically reasonable trial spectrum was folded with the response function of the detector system and the output was compared to the experimental data. As a result, double-differential cross sections and angular distributions of inelastic neutron scattering from 12-C, 56-Fe, 89-Y and 208-Pb could be obtained. In this paper, a status update on the efforts to improve the description of the detector response function is given.

C. Gustavsson; C. Hellesen; S. Pomp; A. hrn; J. Blomgren; U. Tippawan

2013-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

384

Characterization of the Neutron Fields in the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) Radiation Calibration Laboratory Low Scatter Calibration Facility  

SciTech Connect

In June 2007, the Department of Energy (DOE) revised its rule on Occupational Radiation Protection, Part 10 CFR 835. A significant aspect of the revision was the adoption of the recommendations outlined in International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) Report 60 (ICRP-60), including new radiation weighting factors for neutrons, updated internal dosimetric models, and dose terms consistent with the newer ICRP recommendations. ICRP-60 uses the quantities defined by the International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements (ICRU) for personnel and area monitoring including the ambient dose equivalent H*(d). A Joint Task Group of ICRU and ICRP has developed various fluence-to-dose conversion coefficients which are published in ICRP-74 for both protection and operational quantities. In February 2008, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) replaced its old pneumatic transport neutron irradiation system in the Radiation Calibration Laboratory (RCL) Low Scatter Calibration Facility (B255, Room 183A) with a Hopewell Designs irradiator model N40. The exposure tube for the Hopewell system is located close to, but not in exactly the same position as the exposure tube for the pneumatic system. Additionally, the sources for the Hopewell system are stored in Room 183A where, prior to the change, they were stored in a separate room (Room 183C). The new source configuration and revision of the 10 CFR 835 radiation weighting factors necessitate a re-evaluation of the neutron dose rates in B255 Room 183A. This report deals only with the changes in the operational quantities ambient dose equivalent and ambient dose rate equivalent for neutrons as a result of the implementation of the revised 10 CFR 835. In the report, the terms 'neutron dose' and 'neutron dose rate' will be used for convenience for ambient neutron dose equivalent and ambient neutron dose rate equivalent unless otherwise stated.

Radev, R

2009-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

385

Publications from Research Conducted at EQ-SANS | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Publications from Research Conducted at EQ-SANS Publications from Research Conducted at EQ-SANS 2013 Publications Banuelos J. L., Feng G., Fulvio P. F., Li S., Rother G., Dai S., Cummings P. T., Wesolowski D. J., "Densification of ionic liquid molecules within a hierarchical nanoporous carbon structure revealed by small angle scattering and molecular dynamics simulation", Chemistry of Materials , (2013). Choi I., Malak S. T., Xu W., Heller W. T., Tsitsilianis C., Tsukruk V. V., "Multicompartmental microcapsules from star copolymer micelles", Macromolecules 46, 1425-1436 (2013). Do C., Chen W.-R., Hong K., Smith G. S., "Equilibrium structure of a triblock copolymer system revealed by mesoscale simulation and neutron scattering", Physica B: Condensed Matter 430, 87-94 (2013).

386

The 30 m Small-Angle Neutron Scattering Instruments at the ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The 30 m SANS instrument on neutron guide NG-7, in operation since May 1991, was developed jointly by NIST, the Exxon Research and ...

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Scattering Length Density Calculator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... For energy dependent cross sections please go to ... The neutron scattering length density is defined ... To calculate scattering length densities enter a ...

388

Exploring local atomic arrangements in amorphous and metastable phase change materials with x-ray and neutron total scattering  

SciTech Connect

Very little experimental work has conclusively explored the structural transformation between the amorphous and metastable crystalline phases of phase change chalcogenides. A recent flurry of theoretical work has supported likely mechanisms for the phase transition process in Ge-Sb-Te (GST) compositions and invigorated efforts at probing local atomic arrangements experimentally. The pair distribution function (PDF) formalism of total scattering data provides directly both local structure correlations at low real-space dimensions, and intermediate range order at higher length scales, a distinct advantage for following the relevant phase transition in phase change materials (PCM). A challenge facing the field is the difficulty in distinguishing separate peak contributions to pair correlation functions in amorphous and highly disordered samples. For example, various types of local order have been reported for Ge{sub x}Te{sub 1-x} phases, including both random mixtures and discrete structural units, and both 4-fold and 6-fold coordination around Ge. We describe our efforts in advancing capabilities for extracting and refining differential or partial pair distribution function data sets by combining neutron and x-ray total scattering, with extensions to isotopic substitution and anomalous x-ray scattering. Our results combining neutron and x-ray scattering for the Ge{sub x}Te{sub 1-x} series, for example, clearly distinguish Ge-Te and Te-Te contributions in nearest neighbor correlations. Presenting an additional challenge, phase change materials with fast switching speeds (those arguably of greatest technological interest) have stable bulk crystalline phases and do not readily form glasses until reduced to small dimensions. Thin film samples are inherently difficult to probe with conventional crystallographic methods. We demonstrate successful synchrotron x-ray total scattering experiments for PCM thin films with thicknesses between 100 nm and 1 um and describe how chemical short-range order and local bonding environments vary in amorphous, metastable and crystalline GeSb{sub 2}Te{sub 4} films. Total scattering methods for powders and thin films allow for a direct comparison of PCM properties (crystallization temperature, optical contrast between phases, phase change speed, etc.) with observed local structure and motivate further exploration into the atomic configurations enabling this fascinating class of materials.

Page, Katharine [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Daemen, Luc [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Proffen, Thomas [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Neutron Diffraction @ TOPAZ  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Topaz Guide Bender Topaz Guide Bender Neutron Diffraction @ TOPAZ Workshop on Single Crystal Neutron Diffraction picture 2 September 29 - October 1, 2011 * Spallation Neutron Source * Oak Ridge National Laboratory * Oak Ridge TN, USA TOPAZ 2011 Home Contacts Agenda and Important Deadlines Registration and Payment filler Workshop summary and purpose A workshop on single crystal neutron diffraction will be held at the Spallation Neutron Source at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). It will present invited and contributed talks to showcase cutting edge science and examples where neutron diffraction can make significant contributions; and provide training in neutron structure analysis and sample screening for the preparation of instrument beam-time proposals. TOPAZ is a high resolution wavelength-resolved Laue diffractometer with a versatile sample environment. Commissioning user experiments have demonstrated successfully the instrument capability for structural study of a vitamin B12 derivative, ion distribution in Li-ion battery materials, order and disorder in shape memory intermetallics, magnetic phase transition in multiferroic single crystal and functional thin films. The workshop is directed towards experienced neutron diffraction users and new users alike and encourages members to highlight their research and interest in structure analysis and investigation. The workshop will give opportunity to bring your own single crystal and screen sample quality and scattering power on TOPAZ @ room temperature, to evaluate data collection time and quality for an anticipated experiment. Finally, an opportunity to compose a proposal for neutron beam time (http://neutrons.ornl.gov/users/proposals.shtml) with staff will be provided in the framework of the workshop. The workshop format is well suited for researchers to contribute by showcasing their research and bring their research group or graduate student, who would like to test a single crystal sample. User access training for the ORNL neutron scattering facility will be included. It will be valid for future experiments.

390

Structural and magnetic properties of transition metal substituted BaFe{sub 2}As{sub 2} compounds studied by x-ray and neutron scattering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of my dissertation is to understand the structural and magnetic properties of the newly discovered FeAs-based superconductors and the interconnection between superconductivity, antiferromagnetism, and structure. X-ray and neutron scattering techniques are powerful tools to directly observe the structure and magnetism in this system. I used both xray and neutron scattering techniques on di#11;erent transition substituted BaFe2As2 compounds in order to investigate the substitution dependence of structural and magnetic transitions and try to understand the connections between them.

Kim, Min Gyu [Ames Laboratory

2012-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

391

Time-of-Flight Bragg Scattering from Aligned Stacks of Lipid Bilayers using the Liquids Reflectometer at the Spallation Neutron Source  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Time-of-flight (TOF) neutron diffraction experiments on aligned stacks of lipid bilayers using the horizontal Liquids Reflectometer at the Spallation Neutron Source are reported. Specific details are given regarding the instrumental setup, data collection and reduction, phase determination of the structure factors, and reconstruction of the one-dimensional neutron scattering length density (NSLD) profile. The validity of using TOF measurements to determine the one-dimensional NSLD profile is demonstrated by reproducing the results of two well known lipid bilayer structures. The method is then applied to show how an antimicrobial peptide affects membranes with and without cholesterol.

Pan, Jianjun [ORNL; Heberle, Frederick A [ORNL; Carmichael, Justin R [ORNL; Ankner, John Francis [ORNL; Katsaras, John [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Structure of light neutron-rich nuclei and mechanism of elastic proton scattering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Differential cross sections for elastic p{sup 6}He, p{sup 8}Li, and p{sup 9}Li scattering at two energies of 70 and 700 MeV per nucleon were calculated within the Glauber theory of multiple diffractive scattering. Threeparticle wave functions ({alpha}-n-n for {sup 6}He, {alpha}-t-n for {sup 8}Li, and {sup 7}Li-n-n for {sup 9}Li) were used for realistic potentials of intercluster interactions. The sensitivity of elastic scattering to proton-nucleus interaction and to the structure of nuclei was explored. In particular, the dependence of the differential cross section on the contribution of higher order collisions, on scattering on the core and peripheral nucleons, and on the contribution of small wave-function components and their asymptotic behavior was determined. A comparison with available experimental data and with the results of calculations within different formalisms was performed.

Ibraeva, E. T., E-mail: ibr@inp.kz [National Nuclear Center of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Institute of Nuclear Physics (Kazakhstan); Zhusupov, M. A. [Al-Farabi Kazakh National University (Kazakhstan); Imambekov, O. [National Nuclear Center of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Institute of Nuclear Physics (Kazakhstan)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

393

Journal of the Korean Physical Society, Vol. 55, No. 4, October 2009, pp. 13891393 Measurements of the Neutron Scattering Spectrum from 238  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

scattering, Resonance, Time-of-flight, Depleted uranium, LINAC experiment DOI: 10.3938/jkps.55.1389 I and p = ­1.2. Two different thickness depleted uranium, with 0.3% U-235, samples were used the neutron time-of-flight (TOF) method and a 6 Li scintillation detector. Two different thickness depleted

Danon, Yaron

394

Neutron and Nano User Meeting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science @ Neutron and Nano Facilities Science @ Neutron and Nano Facilities: Complementary Techniques Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Building 5200 Tuesday-Wednesday, August 13-14,...

395

Structure of neutron-rich Isotopes {sup 8}Li and {sup 9}Li and allowance for it in elastic scattering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The differential cross sections for elastic proton scattering on the unstable neutron-rich nuclei {sup 8}Li and {sup 9}Li at E = 700 and 60 MeV per nucleon were considered. The {sup 8}Li nucleus was treated on the basis of the three-body {alpha}-t-n model, while the {sup 9}Li nucleus was considered within the {alpha}-t-n and {sup 7}Li-n-n models. The cross sections in question were calculated within Glauber diffraction theory. A comparison of the results with available experimental data made it possible to draw conclusions on the quality of the wave functions and potential used in the calculations.

Ibraeva, E. T., E-mail: ibr@inp.k [National Nuclear Center of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Institute for Nuclear Physics (Kazakhstan); Zhusupov, M. A.; Imambekov, O.; Sagindykov, Sh. Sh. [Al Farabi Kazakh National University (Kazakhstan)

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

396

A unified view of coherent and incoherent dihydrogen exchange in transition metal hydrides by nuclear resonance and inelastic neutron scattering  

SciTech Connect

In this paper a unified view of coherent and incoherent dihydrogen exchange in transition metal hydrides by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and inelastic neutron scattering (INS) is presented. It is shown that both exchange processes coexist i.e. do not transform into each other although they may dominate the spectra in different temperature ranges. This superposition is the consequence of the incorporation of the tunnel frequency J of the coherent process into the nuclear two-spin hamiltonian of hydrogen pairs which allows to treat the problem using the well known density matrix theory of NMR line-shapes developed by Alexander and Binsch. It is shown that this theory can also be used to predict the line-shapes of the rotational tunneling transitions observed in the INS spectra of transition metal dihydrogen complexes and that both NMR and INS spectra depend on similar parameters.

Limbach, H.H.; Ulrich, S.; Buntkowsky, G. [Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany). Inst. fuer Organische Chemie; Sabo-Etienne, S.; Chaudret, B. [Toulouse-3 Univ., 31 (France). Lab. de Chimie de Coordination du C.N.R.S.; Kubas, G.J.; Eckert, J. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)

1995-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

397

A Measurement of the neutron electric form factor at very large momentum transfer using polaried electrions scattering from a polarized helium-3 target  

SciTech Connect

Knowledge of the electric and magnetic elastic form factors of the nucleon is essential for an understanding of nucleon structure. Of the form factors, the electric form factor of the neutron has been measured over the smallest range in Q{sup 2} and with the lowest precision. Jefferson Lab experiment 02-013 used a novel new polarized {sup 3}He target to nearly double the range of momentum transfer in which the neutron form factor has been studied and to measure it with much higher precision. Polarized electrons were scattered off this target, and both the scattered electron and neutron were detected. G{sup n}{sub E} was measured to be 0.0242 0.0020(stat) 0.0061(sys) and 0.0247 0.0029(stat) 0.0031(sys) at Q{sup 2} = 1.7 and 2.5 GeV{sup 2}, respectively.

Aidan Kelleher

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Alternatives to 3He for Neutron Detection for Homeland Security  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Neutron detection is an essential aspect of interdiction of radiological threats for national security purposes, since plutonium, a material used for nuclear weapons, is a significant source of fission neutrons. Radiation portal monitoring systems, of which there are thousands deployed for homeland security and non-proliferation purposes, currently use 3He gas-filled proportional counters for detecting neutrons. Because of the high usage of 3He for neutron scattering science and national security, the supply has dwindled, and can no longer meet the demand. Consequently, a replacement technology for neutron detection is required in the very near future.

Kouzes, Richard T.; Conlin, Kenneth E.; Ely, James H.; Erikson, Luke E.; Kernan, Warnick J.; Lintereur, Azaree T.; Siciliano, Edward R.; Stephens, Daniel L.; Stromswold, David C.; Van Ginhoven, Renee M.; Woodring, Mitchell L.

2010-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

399

The quantum nature of the OH stretching mode in ice and water probed by neutron scattering experiments  

SciTech Connect

The OH stretching vibrational spectrum of water was measured in a wide range of temperatures across the triple point, 269 K < T < 296 K, using Inelastic Neutron Scattering (INS). The hydrogen projected density of states and the proton mean kinetic energy, _OH, were determined for the first time within the framework of a harmonic description of the proton dynamics. We found that in the liquid the value of _OH is nearly constant as a function of T, indicating that quantum effects on the OH stretching frequency are weakly dependent on temperature. In the case of ice, ab initio electronic structure calculations, using non-local van der Waals functionals, provided _OH values in agreement with INS experiments. We also found that the ratio of the stretching (_OH) to the total (_exp) kinetic energy, obtained from the present measurements, increases in going from ice, where hydrogen bonding is the strongest, to the liquid at ambient conditions and then to the vapour phase, where hydrogen bonding is the weakest. The same ratio was also derived from the combination of previous deep inelastic neutron scattering data, which does not rely upon the harmonic approximation, and the present measurements. We found that the ratio of stretching to the total kinetic energy shows a minimum in the metastable liquid phase. This finding suggests that the strength of intermolecular interactions increases in the supercooled phase, with respect to that in ice, contrary to the accepted view that supercooled water exhibits weaker hydrogen bonding than ice.

Senesi, Roberto [ORNL; Flammini, Davide [ORNL; Kolesnikov, Alexander I [ORNL; Murray, Eamonn D. [University of California, Davis; Galli, Giulia [University of California, Davis; Andreani, Carla [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Fission neutron/gamma irradiation of Bacillus thuringiensis bacteria at the Texas A&M University Nuclear Science Center Reactor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of this research is to fully characterize the effectiveness of the Texas A&M University Nuclear Science Center Reactor (TAMU NSCR) neutrons for bacterial sterilization, and to assess the secondary gamma flux produced when neutrons collide with nuclei in biological materials. Sterilization of bacteria by exposure to gamma rays and charged particles is fairly well understood. Exposure to neutrons and gamma rays from fission as a means of sterilization has not to date been adequately characterized. The lack of data on the relationship between biological detriment resulting from thermal or fast neutron exposures and absorbed doses as applied in countermeasures to weapons of mass destruction (WMD) is the primary motivation for this investigation of neutron doses to endospores. Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) spores were irradiated after producing and sampling them using standard microbiological procedures. Irradiation was accomplished using neutrons and gamma rays from the 1-MW TRIGA reactor at the TAMU NSCR using a reactor power of 100 kilowatts (kW). The combination of neutron and gamma-ray absorbed dose provided an effective means of sterilization of these types of spores; it yielded a 100-percent kill for the first study. Survival curves have been developed, from subsequent experiments, for these energy dependent neutron interactions with biological materials using a combination of radiation dosimetry, microbiological culture techniques, and computer modeling (Monte Carlo Neutral Particle history modeling - MCNP). Survival curves indicate a D?? value of 321.08 Gy. Additional work is needed to investigate the specific bacteria used in biological weapons in order to understand agent-specific radiation sensitivity. Once this is done, more effective and meaningful experiments can be conducted in order to tailor the neutron source strength to the robustness of the threat.

Hearnsberger, David Wayne

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "neutron scattering science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

In-Situ Observation of Solid Electrolyte Interphase Formation in Ordered Mesoporous Hard Carbon by Small-Angle Neutron Scattering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aim of this work was to better understand the electrochemical processes occurring during the cycling of a lithium-ion half-cell containing ordered mesoporous hard carbon using time-resolved in situ small-angle neutron scattering (SANS). Utilizing electrolytes containing mixtures of deuterated (2H) and non-deuterated (1H) carbonates, we have addressed the challenging task of monitoring the formation and evolution of the solid-electrolyte interphase (SEI) layer. An evolution occurs in the SEI layer during discharge from a composition dominated by a higher scattering length density (SLD) lithium salt, to a lower SLD lithium salt for the ethylene carbonate/dimethyl carbonate (EC/DMC) mixture employed. By comparing half-cells containing different solvent deuteration levels, we show that it is possible to observe both SEI formation and lithium intercalation occurring concurrently at the low voltage region in which lithium intercalates into the hard carbon. These results demonstrate that SANS can be employed to monitor complicated electrochemical processes occurring in rechargeable batteries, in a manner that simultaneously provides information on the composition and microstructure of the electrode.

Bridges, Craig A [ORNL; Paranthaman, Mariappan Parans [ORNL; Sun, Xiao-Guang [ORNL; Zhao, Jinkui [ORNL; Dai, Sheng [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Introduction to Neutron Spin Echo Spectroscopy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Nuclear Interaction Neutrons are scattered by the nuclei. Scattering power varies randomly from isotope to isotope. ... segment dynamics hydro gels ...

2011-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

403

Digenetic Changes in Macro- to Nano-Scale Porosity in the St. Peter Sandstone:L An (Ultra) Small Angle Neutron Scattering and Backscattered Electron Imagining Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Small- and Ultra-Small Angle Neutron Scattering (SANS and USANS) provide powerful tools for quantitative analysis of porous rocks, yielding bulk statistical information over a wide range of length scales. This study utilized (U)SANS to characterize shallowly buried quartz arenites from the St. Peter Sandstone. Backscattered electron imaging was also used to extend the data to larger scales. These samples contain significant volumes of large-scale porosity, modified by quartz overgrowths, and neutron scattering results show significant sub-micron porosity. While previous scattering data from sandstones suggest scattering is dominated by surface fractal behavior over many orders of magnitude, careful analysis of our data shows both fractal and pseudo-fractal behavior. The scattering curves are composed of subtle steps, modeled as polydispersed assemblages of pores with log-normal distributions. However, in some samples an additional surface-fractal overprint is present, while in others there is no such structure, and scattering can be explained by summation of non-fractal structures. Combined with our work on other rock-types, these data suggest that microporosity is more prevalent, and may play a much more important role than previously thought in fluid/rock interactions.

Anovitz, Lawrence {Larry} M [ORNL; Cole, David [Ohio State University; Rother, Gernot [ORNL; Allard Jr, Lawrence Frederick [ORNL; Jackson, Andrew [NIST Center for Neutron Research (NCRN), Gaithersburg, MD; Littrell, Ken [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

The Manuel Lujan, Jr. Neutron Scattering Center (LANSCE) experiment reports 1992 run cycle. Progress report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This year was the fifth in which LANSCE ran a formal user program. A call for proposals was issued before the scheduled run cycles, and experiment proposals were submitted by scientists from universities, industry, and other research facilities around the world. An external program advisory committee, which LANSCE shares with the Intense Pulsed Neutron Source (IPNS), Argonne National Laboratory, examined the proposals and made recommendations. At LANSCE, neutrons are produced by spallation when a pulsed, 800-MeV proton beam impinges on a tungsten target. The proton pulses are provided by the Clinton P. Anderson Meson Physics Facility (LAMPF) accelerator and an associated Proton Storage Ring (PSR), which can alter the intensity, time structure, and repetition rate of the pulses. The LAMPF protons of Line D are shared between the LANSCE target and the Weapons Neutron Research (WNR) facility, which results in LANSCE spectrometers being available to external users for unclassified research about 80% of each annual LAMPF run cycle. Measurements of interest to the Los Alamos National Laboratory may also be performed and may occupy up to an additional 20% of the available beam time. These experiments are reviewed by an internal program advisory committee. One hundred sixty-seven proposals were submitted for unclassified research and twelve proposals for research of a programmatic interest to the Laboratory; six experiments in support of the LANSCE research program were accomplished during the discretionary periods. Oversubscription for instrument beam time by a factor of three was evident with 839 total days requested and only 371 available for allocation.

DiStravolo, M.A. [comp.

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Synaptic Arrangement of the Neuroligin/b-Neurexin ComplexRevealedbyX-RayandNeutronScattering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Kidney Diseases, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA 3 Bragg Institute, Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Lake City, UT 84112, USA 6 These authors contributed equally to this work. *Correspondence: dcomolet for synapse maturation than for the initial formation of synaptic contacts (Varoqueaux et al., 2006). Polymor

Sandini, Giulio

406

MAGNON SCATTERING OF SLOW NEUTRONS ON A PYRRHOTITE SINGLE CRYSTAL By ADAM WANIC,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Nuclear Physics, Cracow, Poland. Institute of Nuclear Sciences " Boris Kidric ", Vinca, Yugoslavia (1 spectrometer installed at the TVRS reactor in Vinca. The energy analysis together with the diffraction method were applied and are described. The results are interpreted in the frame of spin wave theory. A spin

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

407

A small angle neutron scattering investigation of the kinetics of phase separation in an Fe-27. 5 at. % Cr-5. 6 at. % Ni alloy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The small angle neutron scattering has been investigated in situ at 450{degree} and 500{degree}C for a polycrystalline, duplex Fe-27.5 at. % Cr-5.6 at. % Ni steel. A broad diffuse maximum in the scattering function is the signature of the {alpha}{prime}-phase formation, and this maximum is superimposed on a strong, temperature-dependent component due to critical magnetic scattering. The time dependence of the shift in the peak intensity position to lower scattering vectors and the increase in peak intensity obey power law scaling behavior. Furthermore, the structure function exhibits dynamical scaling, after about three hours annealing. It is suggested that this behavior could be utilized to predict the microstructure, and hence some of the properties, after significantly longer annealing times. 21 refs., 3 figs.

Epperson, J.E. (Argonne National Lab., IL (USA)); Rainey, V.S.; Windsor, C.G. (UKAEA Atomic Energy Research Establishment, Harwell (UK). Materials Physics and Metallurgy Div.); Hawick, K.A. (Edinburgh Univ. (UK). Dept. of Physics); Chen, H. (Illinois Univ., Urbana, IL (USA). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering)

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Klystron Modulator Design for the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center Accelerator  

SciTech Connect

This paper will describe the design of the 44 modulator systems that will be installed to upgrade the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE) accelerator RF system. The klystrons can operate up to 86 kV with a nominal 32 Amp beam current with a 120 Hz repetition rate and 15% duty cycle. The klystrons are a mod-anode design. The modulator is designed with analog feedback control to ensure the klystron beam current is flat-top regulated. To achieve fast switching while maintaining linear feedback control, a grid-clamp, totem-pole modulator configuration is used with an 'on' deck and an 'off' deck. The on and off deck modulators are of identical design and utilize a cascode connected planar triode, cathode driven with a high speed MOSFET. The derived feedback is connected to the planar triode grid to enable the flat-top control. Although modern design approaches suggest solid state designs may be considered, the planar triode (Eimac Y-847B) is very cost effective, is easy to integrate with the existing hardware, and provides a simplified linear feedback control mechanism. The design is very compact and fault tolerant. This paper will review the complete electrical design, operational performance, and system characterization as applied to the LANSCE installation.

Reass, William A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Baca, David M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Partridge, Edward R. [retired; Rees, Daniel E. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

409

Growth Kinetics of Lipid-Based Nanodiscs to Unilamellar Vesicles: A Time-Resolved Small Angle Neutron Scattering (SANS) Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mixtures of dimyristoyl-phosphatidylcholine (DMPC), dimyristoyl-phosphatidylglycerol (DMPG) and dihexanoylphosphatidylcholine (DHPC) in aqueous solutions spontaneously form monodisperse, bilayered nanodiscs (also known as bicelles ) at or below the melting transition temperature of DMPC (TM ~23 C). In dilute systems above the main transition temperature TM of DMPC, bicelles coalesce (increasing their diameter) and eventually self-fold into unilamellar vesicles (ULVs). Time resolved small angle neutron scattering was used to study the growth kinetics of nanodiscs below and equal to TM over a period of hours as a function of temperature at two lipid concentrations in presence or absence of NaCl salt. Bicelles seem to undergo a sudden initial growth phase with increased temperature, which is then followed by a slower reaction-limited growth phase that depends on ionic strength, lipid concentration and temperature. The bicelle interaction energy was derived from the colloidal theory of Derjaguin and Landau, and Verwey and Overbeek (DLVO). While the calculated total energy between discs is attractive and proportional to their growth rate, a more detailed mechanism is proposed to describe the mechanism of disc coalescence. After annealing at low temperature (low-T), samples were heated to 50 C in order to promote the formation of ULVs. Although the low-T annealing of samples has only a marginal effect on the mean size of end-state ULVs, it does affect their polydispersity, which increases with increased T, presumably driven by the entropy of the system.

Mahabir, Suanne [University of Western Ontario, The; Small, Darcy [University of Western Ontario, The; Li, Ming [University of Connecticut, Storrs; Wan, Wankei [University of Western Ontario, The; Kucerka, Norbert [Canadian Neutron Beam Centre and Comelius University (Slovakia); Littrell, Ken [ORNL; Katsaras, John [ORNL; Nieh, Mu-Ping [University of Connecticut, Storrs

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Structure and dynamics of water adsorbed in carbon nanotubes : a joint neutron scattering and molecular-dynamics study.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The advent of nanocarbons, from single- and multiple-walled nanotubes to nanohorns, avails model studies of confined molecules on the nanoscale. Water encapsulated inside the quasi-one-dimensional channels of these materials is expected to exhibit anomalous behavior due to the unique geometry of nanotubes and the weak interaction between the water molecules and the carbon atoms. We have employed neutron small-to-wide angle diffraction, quasielastic and inelastic scattering in conjunction with molecular-dynamics simulations to characterize the structures and dynamics of water adsorbed in open-ended single- and double-walled nanotubes over a wide range of spatial and temporal scales. We find that a square-ice sheet wrapped next to the inner nanotube wall and a water chain in the interior are the key structural elements of nanotube-confined water/ice. This configuration results in a hydrogen-bond connectivity that markedly differs from that in bulk water. This significantly softened hydrogen-bond network manifests in strong energy shifts of the observed and simulated inter- and intra-molecular vibrations. The very large mean-square displacement of hydrogen atoms observed experimentally and the strong anharmonicity inferred from simulations explain the fluid-like behavior at temperatures far below the freezing point of normal water.

de Souza, N. R.; Kolesnikov, A. I.; Loong, C.-K.; Moravsky, A. P.; Loutfy, R. O.; Burnham, C. J.; Intense Pulsed Neutron Source; MER Corp.; Univ. of Utah

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Effects of engineering controls on radioactive air emissions from the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Under federal regulations set forth in 40 CFR 61, releases of radioactive airborne effluents from a Department of Energy facility must be limited so that no member of the public receives more than 0. IO miflisievert (IO milhrem) effective dose equivalent annually. At Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE) has implemented engineering controls to ensure that emissions remain below this limit. At the accelerator beam stop, a delay line was constructed to delay exhaust air releases, and thereby allow for decay of any radioactivity prior to release. Also, an air scrubber was built at the beam stop to remove excess water, acids, triti@ and carbon dioxide from the air stream. This thesis describes the effectiveness of these emissions control efforts. Using a flow-through ionization chamber and high-purity germanium (HPGE) detector, the delay line was shown to reduce overall facility emissions by 29%. The scrubber effectiveness at removing tritium was found by collecting grab samples of the air stream on silica gel, both upstream and downstream of the scrubber. Results of liquid scintillation analysis show the tritium removal effectiveness to be greater than 95%. Removal of carbon-I I was determined by two methods. First, air samples upstream and downstream of the scrubber were collected on a carbon dioxide absorber and analyzed with a sodium iodide detector. The second method used a bench-top model scrubbing system to analyze scrubber performance with an BPGE detector. Different scenarios were examined with this model system, including varying the pH of the scrubber water and using catalytic conversion to convert all carbon in the air to carbon dioxide. The highest removal effectiveness of the model system was greater than 95%, under high pH and complete conversion of all carbon forms to C02-

Fuehne, David Patrick

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Earth & Aquatic Sciences | Clean Energy | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Earth and Aquatic Sciences Earth and Aquatic Sciences SHARE Earth and Aquatic Sciences Create and apply new knowledge across multiple scales to aid decision makers on the stewardship of air, water and land resources. Many factors affect the fate, transport and transformation of metal and radionuclide contaminants found on DOE lands. A fundamental understanding of environmental inorganic and biological interactions is needed for deriving practical solutions to management of DOE lands. ORNL applies molecular to field-scale chemistry, hydrology and microbiology expertise, together with neutron scattering, nano-materials sciences facilities, computing resources and comprehensive models in environmental remediation sciences research. Multiple research projects are carried out with aims of

413

Hazard Analysis for the High Power Accelerator Production of Tritium (APT) Experiments at the Los Alamos Neutron Scattering Center (LANSCE).  

SciTech Connect

The Accelerator Production of Tritium (APT) Target/Blanket and Materials Engineering Demonstration and Development (ED and D) Project has undertaken a major program of high-power materials irradiation at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE) Accelerator. Five experiments have been installed in the Target A-6 area, immediately before the Isotope Production facility and the LANSCE bearnstop, where they will take a 1.0-mAmp-proton beam for up to 10 months. This operation is classed as a Nuclear Category (cat)-3 activity, since enough radionuclides buildup in the path of tie beam to exceed cat-3 threshold quantities. In the process of analyzing this buildup, it was realized that a loss of coolant accident (LOCA) could result in oxidation and subsequent vaporization of certain tungsten elements contained in our experiments. If this process occurs in the presence of steam, breakup of the water molecule would also provide a potentially explosive source of hydrogen, causing maximum release of radioactive aerosols to the surrounding environment. This process can occur in a matter of seconds. Such a release would result in potentially unacceptable dose to the public at the LANSCE site boundary, 800 meters from the A-6 area.

Waters, L.S.

1999-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

414

Photon Sciences | Beamlines | CSX: Coherent Soft X-ray Scattering and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CSX: Coherent Soft X-ray Scattering and polarization CSX: Coherent Soft X-ray Scattering and polarization X-Ray 1 Poster | X-Ray 2 Poster | Fact Sheet | Preliminary Design Report Scientific Scope The Coherent Soft X-ray Scattering and Polarization (CSX) beamline design (source and optics) has been optimized to the NSLS-II parameters to provide the highest possible flux for experiments requiring either high coherence or full control of the polarization. Beamline Description The CSX beamline will be served by two identical EPU49 sources. Both EPUs are planned to operate in a canted geometry with opposite circular polarization for fast polarization switching experiments at the full polarization control (PC) branch. The EPUs will also be able to operate "phased" as a single device for high coherent flux experiments at the

415

EIS-0247: Construction and Operation of the Spallation Neutron Source |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

247: Construction and Operation of the Spallation Neutron 247: Construction and Operation of the Spallation Neutron Source EIS-0247: Construction and Operation of the Spallation Neutron Source SUMMARY The United States needs a high-flux, short- pulsed neutron source to provide its scientific and industrial research communities with a much more intense source of pulsed neutrons for neutron scattering research than is currently available. This source would assure the availability of a state-of-the-art neutron research facility in the United States in the decades ahead. This facility would be used to conduct research in areas such as materials science, condensed matter physics, the molecular structure of biological materials, properties of polymers and complex fluids, and magnetism. In addition to creating new scientific and

416

Analytical Calculation of the Neutrons Spectrum for Direct Measurement of N-N Scattering at Pulsed Reactor Yaguar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analytical calculation of a single neutron detector counts per YAGUAR reactor pulse is presented and comparison with coincidence scheme is given.

V. K. Ignatovich

2008-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

417

Neutronic evaluation of LEU 30-20 fuel for the Texas A&M Nuclear Science Center Reactor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A neutronic evaluation of the Texas A&M University Nuclear Science Center Reactor (TAMU NSCR) using the General Atomic Company (GA) low enrichment uranium (LEU 30-20 fuel was performed to determine the feasibility of this type of fuel. To perform this evaluation, the WIMSD4m transport code and DIF3D diffusion code were utilized. These codes were provided by Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). WIMSD4m was used to calculate macroscopic cross-sections for the various core materials and DIF3D was used to calculate the effective multiplication factor and thermal neutron flux for various core configurations. In order to benchmark these codes and the core model used to evaluate the proposed LEU 30-20 core, the current FLIP core was first modeled. Various neutronic parameters, such as excess reactivity, shutdown margin, critical rod height and control rod worths were calculated using the core model and codes, and the results compared with actual experimental results for the FLIP core. Once the core model and codes were validated, the core model was modified using LEU 30-20 fuel and an optimum core configuration obtained which satisfied certain design criteria, including values for excess reactivity, shutdown margin and thermal neutron flux. In addition to modeling the LEU 30-20 core, a control rod model was developed to generate effective macroscopic cross-sections for the control rod materials in the core, based on previous work in this area performed at ANL. The results of this analysis indicate the feasibility of converting the TAMU NSCR to GA LEU 30-20 fuel.

Bigler, Mark Andrew

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Neutron and Nano User Meeting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home Science @ Neutron and Nano Facilities User Workshops Integrated Agendas Venue Travel Information Contacts and Sponsors Registration Talks Neutron and Nano User Meeting August...

419

Materials Science Division - Argonne National Laboratories, Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home Home About MSD Information Awards Visit MSD Administrative Staff Division Personnel Research Research Groups Condensed Matter Theory Emerging Materials Energy Conversion and Storage Magnetic Films Molecular Materials Neutron and X-ray Scattering Superconductivity and Magnetism Surface Chemistry Synchrotron Radiation Studies Threat Detection and Analysis Group Research Areas Careers in MSD Internal Sites Search Front Slide 1 November 2013 - Patricia Dehmer (second from right), Deputy Director of Science Programs, DOE Office of Science, joined Argonne Director Eric Isaacs(left) and Associate Laboratory Director for Physical Sciences and Engineering Peter Littlewood(second from left) to tour the recently-opened Energy Sciences Building. Among Dehmer's stops was the crystal growth

420

The Wide Angular-Range Chopper Spectrometer at SNS | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Wide Angular-Range Chopper Spectrometer at SNS The Wide Angular-Range Chopper Spectrometer at SNS and Doug Abernathy at ARCS Materials researcher Judy Pang and instrument scientist Doug Abernathy at ARCS. ARCS is optimized to provide a high neutron flux at the sample and a large solid angle of detector coverage. This spectrometer is capable of selecting incident energies over the full energy spectrum of neutrons, making it useful for studies of excitations from a few to several hundred milli-electron volts. An elliptically shaped supermirror guide in the incident flight path boosts the performance at the lower end of this range. The sample and detector vacuum chambers provide a window-free final flight path and incorporate a large gate valve to allow rapid sample changeout. A T0 neutron chopper not only blocks the prompt radiation from the source

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "neutron scattering science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Dynamics and Neutron Scattering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... energy window ... if there is more than one isotope and/or nonzero nuclear ... Comparisons with theory and/or computer simulations are commonly ...

2013-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

422

Neutron Scattering and Dynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... "Molecule" H2O (N2)0.8(O2)0.2 Al Cd sigma_s barn 168.3 20.1 1.5 6.5 ... 31 Collective dynamics Animation courtesy of A. Zheludev (ORNL) ...

2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

423

Neutron Scattering Conferences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8-12, 2013 International Workshop: Powder & Electron Crystallography Location Patras, Greece Contact Partha Pratim Das Email partha@upatras.gr URL http:crystallographypatras.wor...

424

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS User Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Small Angle Neutron Scattering Study of Conformation of Oligo(ethylene Small Angle Neutron Scattering Study of Conformation of Oligo(ethylene glycol)-Grafted Polystyrene in Dilute Solutions: Effect of the Backbone Length Gang Cheng,1 Yuri B. Melnichenko,1 George D. Wignall,1 Fengjun Hua,2 Kunlun Hong,2 and Jimmy W. Mays2 1Neutron Scattering Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory 2Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Achievement: The cooperative interactions among functional segments of biopolymers have led to attempts to create novel synthetic polymers, which are environmentally responsive to various stimuli, such as temperature or pH, in a controlled manner. Understanding the nanoscale conformational changes and phase behavior upon exposure of these polymers to external stimuli is

425

Neutron Activation Calculator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... and incoherent scattering cross sections). Source neutrons (Ang, meV or m/s), Density (g/cm 3 or lattice), Thickness (cm). ...

426

Neutrons in Biology, ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Materials Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory Phone: 865.241.5176 SNS Logo HFIR Logo General Information The unique potential of neutron scattering in structural...

427

Test of the consistency of various linearized semiclassical initial value time correlation functions in application to inelastic neutron scattering from liquid para-hydrogen  

SciTech Connect

The linearized approximation to the semiclassical initial value representation (LSC-IVR) is used to calculate time correlation functions relevant to the incoherent dynamic structure factor for inelastic neutron scattering from liquid para-hydrogen at 14 K. Various time correlations functions were used which, if evaluated exactly, would give identical results, but they do not because the LSC-IVR is approximate. Some of the correlation functions involve only linear operators, and others involve non-linear operators. The consistency of the results obtained with the various time correlation functions thus provides a useful test of the accuracy of the LSC-IVR approximation and its ability to treat correlation functions involving both linear and nonlinear operators in realistic anharmonic systems. The good agreement of the results obtained from different correlation functions, their excellent behavior in the spectral moment tests based on the exact moment constraints, and their semi-quantitative agreement with the inelastic neutron scattering experimental data all suggest that the LSC-IVR is indeed a good short-time approximation for quantum mechanical correlation functions.

Miller, William; Liu, Jian; Miller, William H.

2008-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

428

Clean Energy | More Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

sciences, advanced materials, neutron sciences, nuclear sciences, and high-performance computing, and brings multidisciplinary teams together to address key issues. That...

429

Proceedings of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory/Brookhaven National Laboratory workshop on neutron scattering instrumentation at high-flux reactors  

SciTech Connect

For the first three decades following World War II, the US, which pioneered the field of neutron scattering research, enjoyed uncontested leadership in the field. By the mid-1970's, other countries, most notably through the West European consortium at Institut Laue-Langevin (ILL) in Grenoble, France, had begun funding neutron scattering on a scale unmatched in this country. By the early 1980's, observers charged with defining US scientific priorities began to stress the need for upgrading and expansion of US research reactor facilities. The conceptual design of the ANS facility is now well under way, and line-item funding for more advanced design is being sought for FY 1992. This should lead to a construction request in FY 1994 and start-up in FY 1999, assuming an optimal funding profile. While it may be too early to finalize designs for instruments whose construction is nearly a decade removed, it is imperative that we begin to develop the necessary concepts to ensure state-of-the-art instrumentation for the ANS. It is in this context that this Instrumentation Workshop was planned. The workshop touched upon many ideas that must be considered for the ANS, and as anticipated, several of the discussions and findings were relevant to the planning of the HFBR Upgrade. In addition, this report recognizes numerous opportunities for further breakthroughs on neutron instrumentation in areas such as improved detection schemes (including better tailored scintillation materials and image plates, and increased speed in both detection and data handling), in-beam monitors, transmission white beam polarizers, multilayers and supermirrors, and more. Each individual report has been cataloged separately.

McBee, M.R. (ed.); Axe, J.D.; Hayter, J.B.

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Structural hierarchy of chromatin in chicken erythrocyte nuclei based on small-angle neutron scattering: Fractal nature of the large-scale chromatin organization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The chromatin organization in chicken erythrocyte nuclei was studied by small-angle neutron scattering in the scattering-vector range from 1.5 x 10{sup -1} to 10{sup -4} A{sup -1} with the use of the contrast-variation technique. This scattering-vector range corresponds to linear dimensions from 4 nm to 6 {mu}m and covers the whole hierarchy of chromatin structures, from the nucleosomal structure to the entire nucleus. The results of the present study allowed the following conclusions to be drawn: (1) both the chromatin-protein structure and the structure of the nucleic acid component in chicken erythrocyte nuclei have mass-fractal properties, (2) the structure of the protein component of chromatin exhibits a fractal behavior on scales extending over two orders of magnitude, from the nucleosomal size to the size of an entire nucleus, and (3) the structure of the nucleic acid component of chromatin in chicken erythrocyte nuclei is likewise of a fractal nature and has two levels of organization or two phases with the crossover point at about 300-400 nm.

Lebedev, D. V., E-mail: isaev@omrb.pnpi.spb.ru; Filatov, M. V. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute (Russian Federation); Kuklin, A. I.; Islamov, A. Kh. [Joint Institute of Nuclear Research (Russian Federation); Stellbrink, J. [Research Centre Juelich (Germany); Pantina, R. A.; Denisov, Yu. Yu.; Toperverg, B. P.; Isaev-Ivanov, V. V. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute (Russian Federation)

2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

431

The physics of photons and neutrons with applications of deuterium labeling methods to polymers  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Over the past decade small-angle neutron scattering (SANS), has found numerous applications in the fields of biology, polymer science, physical chemistry, materials science, metallurgy, colloids, and solid state physics. A number of excellent references are available which contain basic neutron scattering theory though these text books reflect the origins of the technique and the examples are largely drawn from physics e.g., single crystals, simple liquids, monatomic gases, liquid metals, magnetic materials, etc. in view of the large numbers of nonspecialists who are increasingly using neutron scattering, the need has become apparent for presentations which can provide rapid access to the method without unnecessary detail and mathematical rigor. This article is meant to serve as a general introduction to the symposium ''Scattering Deformation and Fracture in Polymers,'' and is intended to aid potential users who have a general scientific background, but no specialist knowledge of scattering, to apply the technique to provide new information in areas of their own particular interests. In view of space limitations, the general theory will be given in the case for neutron scattering and analogies and differences with photon scattering (x-rays) will be pointed out at the appropriate point. 90 refs., 6 figs.

Wignall, G.D.

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Directional Detection of Fast Neutrons Using a Time Projection Chamber  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Spontaneous fission in Special Nuclear Material (SNM) such as plutonium and highly enriched uranium (HEU) results in the emission of neutrons with energies in the MeV range (hereafter 'fast neutrons'). These fast neutrons are largely unaffected by the few centimeters of intervening high-Z material that would suffice for attenuating most emitted gamma rays, while tens of centimeters of hydrogenous materials are required to achieve substantial attenuation of neutron fluxes from SNM. Neutron detectors are therefore an important complement to gamma-ray detectors in SNM search and monitoring applications. The rate at which SNM emits fast neutrons varies from about 2 per kilogram per second for typical HEU to some 60,000 per kilogram per second for metallic weapons grade plutonium. These rates can be compared with typical sea-level (cosmogenic) neutron backgrounds of roughly 5 per second per square meter per steradian in the relevant energy range [1]. The fact that the backgrounds are largely isotropic makes directional neutron detection especially attractive for SNM detection. The ability to detect, localize, and ultimately identify fast neutron sources at standoff will ultimately be limited by this background rate. Fast neutrons are particularly well suited to standoff detection and localization of SNM or other fast neutrons sources. Fast neutrons have attenuation lengths of about 60 meters in air, and retain considerable information about their source direction even after one or two scatters. Knowledge of the incoming direction of a fast neutron, from SNM or otherwise, has the potential to significantly improve signal to background in a variety of applications, since the background arriving from any one direction is a small fraction of the total background. Imaging or directional information therefore allows for source detection at a larger standoff distance or with shorter dwell times compared to nondirectional detectors, provided high detection efficiency can be maintained. Directional detection of neutrons has been previously considered for applications such as controlled fusion neutron imaging [2], nuclear fuel safety research [3], imaging of solar neutrons and SNM [4], and in nuclear science [5]. The use of scintillating crystals and fibers has been proposed for directional neutron detection [6]. Recently, a neutron scatter camera has been designed, constructed, and tested for imaging of fast neutrons, characteristic for SNM material fission [7]. The neutron scatter camera relies on the measurement of the proton recoil angle and proton energy by time of flight between two segmented solid-state detectors. A single-measurement result from the neutron scatter camera is a ring containing the possible incident neutron direction. Here we describe the development and commissioning of a directional neutron detection system based on a time projection chamber (TPC) detector. The TPC, which has been widely used in particle and nuclear physics research for several decades, provides a convenient means of measuring the full 3D trajectory, specific ionization (i.e particle type) and energy of charged particles. For this application, we observe recoil protons produced by fast neutron scatters on protons in hydrogen or methane gas. Gas pressures of a few ATM provide reasonable neutron interaction/scattering rates.

Bowden, N; Heffner, M; Carosi, G; Carter, D; Foxe, M; Jovanovic, I

2009-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

433

Clifford G. Shull, Neutron Diffraction, Hydrogen Atoms, and Neutron  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Clifford Shull, Neutron Diffraction, and Neutron Scattering Clifford Shull, Neutron Diffraction, and Neutron Scattering Resources with Additional Information Clifford G. Shull was awarded the 1994 Nobel Prize in Physics "for the development of the neutron diffraction technique". 'Professor Shull's prize was awarded for his pioneering work in neutron scattering, a technique that reveals where atoms are within a material like ricocheting bullets reveal where obstacles are in the dark. Clifford Shull Photo Courtesy of Oak Ridge National Laboratory When a beam of neutrons is directed at a given material, the neutrons bounce off, or are scattered by, atoms in the sample being investigated. The neutrons' directions change, depending on the location of the atoms they hit, and a diffraction pattern of the atoms' positions can then be obtained.

434

A system for differential neutron scattering experiments in the energy range from 0.5 to 20 MeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

piece of depleted uranium was used to attenuate the intense gamma flash. With the sample placed for the experiment. To eliminate gamma flash associated recovery issues, 2.54 cm (1 in.) of depleted uranium, the neutron flux was measured through a one inch thick piece of depleted uranium. By a simple calculation

Danon, Yaron

435

Level crossings and zero-field splitting in the {Cr8}-cubane spin-cluster studied using inelastic neutron scattering and magnetization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Inelastic neutron scattering (INS) in variable magnetic field and high-field magnetization measurements in the millikelvin temperature range were performed to gain insight into the low-energy magnetic excitation spectrum and the field-induced level crossings in the molecular spin cluster {Cr8}-cubane. These complementary techniques provide consistent estimates of the lowest level-crossing field. The overall features of the experimental data are explained using an isotropic Heisenberg model, based on three distinct exchange interactions linking the eight CrIII paramagnetic centers (spins s = 3/2), that is supplemented with a relatively large molecular magnetic anisotropy term for the lowest S = 1 multiplet. It is noted that the existence of the anisotropy is clearly evident from the magnetic field dependence of the excitations in the INS measurements, while the magnetization measurements are not sensitive to its effects.

Vaknin, D. [Ames Laboratory; Garlea, Vasile O [ORNL; Demmel, F. [ISIS Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory; Mamontov, Eugene [ORNL; Nojiri, H [Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan; Martin, Catalin [Florida State University; Chiorescu, Irinel [Florida State University; Qiu, Y. [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST); Luban, M. [Ames Laboratory; Kogerler, P. [Ames Laboratory; Fielden, J. [Ames Laboratory; Engelhardt, L [Francis Marion University, Florence, South Sarolina; Rainey, C [Francis Marion University, Florence, South Sarolina

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Nuclear Systems Technology | Nuclear Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Advanced Fuel Cycle Systems Criticality Safety Irradiation Experiment Development and Execution Robotics & Remote Systems Engineering and Applications Thermal & Hydraulic Experiments & Analysis Used Nuclear Fuel Storage, Transportation, and Disposal Reactor Technology Nuclear Science Home | Science & Discovery | Nuclear Science | Research Areas | Nuclear Systems Technology SHARE Nuclear Systems Technology Nuclear Systems Technology Image 2 ORNL has had historic involvement in a broad set of nuclear research areas: irradiated materials and isotopes R&D, fission and fusion reactors development, neutron scattering, fuel enrichment, used fuel recycling and disposal, etc. The skills and knowledge required to succeed in these research areas often cultivated core areas of expertise in which ORNL is

437

Thiyaga | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Thiyaga P. Thiyagarajan Thiyaga P. Thiyagarajan Materials Sciences and Engineering (MSE) Division MSE Home About Staff Listings/Contact Information What's New Research Areas Scientific Highlights Reports and Activities Principal Investigators' Meetings BES Home Staff Listings/Contact Information Dr. Thiyaga P. Thiyagarajan Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Thiyagarajan Program Manager Neutron Scattering Materials Sciences and Engineering Division Office of Basic Energy Sciences SC-22.2/Germantown Building, Rm F-411 U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, D.C. 20585-1290 E-Mail:p.thiyagarajan@science.doe.gov Phone: (301) 903-9706 Fax: (301) 903-9513 Dr. Thiyagarajan joined the Materials Sciences and Engineering Division of DOE's Office of Basic Energy Sciences as the program manager for Neutron

438

Diffusion and adsorption of methane confined in nanoporous carbon aerogel: a combined quasi-elastic and small-angle neutron scattering study  

SciTech Connect

The diffusion of methane confined in nano-porous carbon aerogel with the average pore size 48 {angstrom} and porosity 60% was investigated as a function of pressure at T = 298 K using quasi-elastic neutron scattering (QENS). The diffusivity of methane shows a clear effect of confinement: it is about two orders of magnitude lower than in bulk at the same thermodynamic conditions and is close to the diffusivity of liquid methane at 100 K (i.e. {approx} 90 K below the liquid-gas critical temperature T{sub C} {approx} 191 K). The diffusion coefficient (D) of methane initially increases with pressure by a factor of {approx}2.5 from 3.47 {+-} 0.41 x 10{sup -10} m{sup 2} s{sup -1} at 0.482 MPa to D = 8.55 {+-} 0.33 x 10{sup -10} m{sup 2} s{sup -1} at 2.75 MPa and starts to decrease at higher pressures. An explanation of the observed non-monotonic behavior of the diffusivity in the confined fluid is based on the results of small-angle neutron scattering experiments of the phase behavior of methane in a similar carbon aerogel sample. The initial increase of the diffusion coefficient with pressure is explained as due to progressive filling of bigger pores in which molecular mobility in the internal pore volume is less affected by the sluggish liquid-like molecular mobility in the adsorbed phase. Subsequent decrease of D, is associated with the effect of intermolecular collisions, which result in a lower total molecular mobility with pressure, as in the bulk state. The results are compared with the available QENS data on the methane diffusivity in zeolites, metal organic frameworks, and porous silica as well as with the molecular dynamics simulations of methane in nano-porous carbons and silica zeolites.

Mavila Chathoth, Suresh [ORNL; Mamontov, Eugene [ORNL; Melnichenko, Yuri B [ORNL; Zamponi, Michaela M [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Dzyaloshinsky-Moriya interaction and long life time of the spin state in the Cu$_3$ triangular spin cluster by inelastic neutron scattering measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inelastic neutron scattering (INS) experiments have been performed on the Cu$_3$ triangular molecular nanomagnet using powder samples. In the medium resolution INS spectrum measured, there are two peaks at $\\hbar\\omega=0.5$ and 0.6 meV. Comparing the observed $Q$ dependences of these peaks with calculations, these two INS peaks originate from the Cu$_3$ cluster. From the observed peak position, width, and intensity, we have determined the optimum parameters of the spin Hamiltonian consisted of the antiferromagnetic exchange and the Dzyaloshinsky-Moriya interactions, which can also reproduce the magnetic susceptibility measurement. In addition, we have directly observed that the ground state quartet is split into two doublets with the energy separation of 0.103 meV using high-resolution neutron spectroscopy, which exactly corresponds to that expected from the optimum parameters obtained from the medium resolution xperiment. The temperature dependences of the integrated intensities of the 0.5 and 0.6 meV peaks are well reproduced by the Boltzmann distribution of the energy levels of the model Hamiltonian below 10 K. Furthermore, the inelastic peaks were visible even at very high temperatures as 50 K. This indicates extraordinary weak coupling between phonons (or any other perturbations) and spin states in the Cu$_3$ cluster, compared to the other known molecular nanomagnets.

Kazuki Iida; Yiming Qiu; Taku J Sato

2010-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

440

Search for the First-Order Liquid-to-Liquid Phase Transition in Low-Temperature Confined Water by Neutron Scattering  

SciTech Connect

It has been conjectured that a 1st order liquid-to-liquid (L-L) phase transition (LLPT) between high density liquid (HDL) and low density liquid (LDL) in supercooled water may exist, as a thermodynamic extension to the liquid phase of the 1st order transition established between the two bulk solid phases of amorphous ice, the high density amorphous ice (HDA) and the low density amorphous ice (LDA). In this paper, we first recall our previous attempts to establish the existence of the 1st order L-L phase transition through the use of two neutron scattering techniques: a constant Q elastic diffraction study of isobaric temperature scan of the D2O density, namely, the equation of state (EOS) measurements. A pronounced density hysteresis phenomenon in the temperature scan of the density above P = 1500 bar is observed which gives a plausible evidence of crossing the 1st order L-L phase transition line above this pressure; an incoherent quasi-elastic scattering measurements of temperature-dependence of the alpha-relaxation time of H2O at a series of pressures, namely, the study of the Fragile-to-Strong dynamic crossover (FSC) phenomenon as a function of pressure which we interpreted as the results of crossing the Widom line in the one-phase region. In this new experiment, we used incoherent inelastic neutron scattering (INS) to measure the density of states (DOS) of H atoms in H2O molecules in confined water as function of temperature and pressure, through which we may be able to follow the emergence of the LDL and HDL phases at supercooled temperature and high pressures. We here report for the first time the differences of librational and translational DOSs between the hypothetical HDL and LDL phases, which are similar to the corresponding differences between the well-established HDA and LDA ices. This is plausible evidence that the HDL and LDL phases are the thermodynamic extensions of the corresponding amorphous solid water HDA and LDA ices.

Chen, Sow-Hsin [Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT); Wang, Zhe [Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT); Kolesnikov, Alexander I [ORNL; Zhang, Yang [ORNL; Liu, Kao-Hsiang [National Taiwan University

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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441

POWGEN Science | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

schematic (larger image). Instrument Specifications Moderator Decoupled poison supercritical H2 Source-to-sample distance 60 m Sample-to-detector distance 2.5-4.5 m Detector...

442

Pulsed-neutron monochromator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In one aspect, the invention is an improved pulsed-neutron monochromator of the vibrated-crystal type. The monochromator is designed to provide neutron pulses which are characterized both by short duration and high density. A row of neutron-reflecting crystals is disposed in a neutron beam to reflect neutrons onto a common target. The crystals in the row define progressively larger neutron-scattering angles and are vibrated sequentially in descending order with respect to the size of their scattering angles, thus generating neutron pulses which arrive simultaneously at the target. Transducers are coupled to one end of the crystals to vibrate them in an essentially non-resonant mode. The transducers propagate transverse waves in the crystal which progress longitudinally therein. The waves are absorbed at the undriven ends of the crystals by damping material mounted thereon. In another aspect, the invention is a method for generating neutron pulses characterized by high intensity and short duration.

Mook, H.A. Jr.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

NEUTRONIC REACTOR  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A nuclear reactor for isotope production is described. This reactor is designed to provide a maximum thermal neutron flux in a region adjacent to the periphery of the reactor rather than in the center of the reactor. The core of the reactor is generally centrally located with respect tn a surrounding first reflector, constructed of beryllium. The beryllium reflector is surrounded by a second reflector, constructed of graphite, which, in tune, is surrounded by a conventional thermal shield. Water is circulated through the core and the reflector and functions both as a moderator and a coolant. In order to produce a greatsr maximum thermal neutron flux adjacent to the periphery of the reactor rather than in the core, the reactor is designed so tbat the ratio of neutron scattering cross section to neutron absorption cross section averaged over all of the materials in the reflector is approximately twice the ratio of neutron scattering cross section to neutron absorption cross section averaged over all of the material of the core of the reactor.

Wigner, E.P.

1958-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

444

For more information: Neutron Scattering Science User Office, neutronusers@ornl.gov or (865) 574-4600.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-4600. Proposals for beam time at Oak Ridge National Laboratory's High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) and Spallation of these instruments. HFIR SNS These facilities are funded by the U.S. Department of Energy. 08-G00986H

445

For more information: Neutron Scattering Science User Office, neutronusers@ornl.gov or (865) 574-4600.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of operat- ing temperatures. One type of nickel-based superalloy studied at HFIR is Waspaloy®.This heat Littrell, lead scientist for the GP-SANS instru- ment at HFIR, and Rosario Gerhardt and Ricky Whelchel and measurement times demonstrate that the GP-SANS system at HFIR is suitable for more complex ex- periments

446

For more information: Neutron Scattering Science User Office, neutronusers@ornl.gov or (865) 574-4600.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Schedule Planning Schedule (subject to change) Please note: The HFIR Operating cycle length over the past Milestone HFIR Operating Forecast & Planning Schedule Fri 6/1/12 #12;

447

For more information: Neutron Scattering Science User Office, neutronusers@ornl.gov or (865) 574-4600.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(HFIR). The Research Reactors Division has seen many exciting developments and events over the past 50 and dosimetry applications. The HFIR, one of the world's most powerful research reactors, began full the HFIR, ORR, BSR/PCA, TSR-II, and HPRR. These reactors could be classified into two groups. The HFIR, ORR

448

The Spallation Neutron Source: A powerful tool for materials research  

SciTech Connect

When completed in 2006, the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) will use an accelerator to produce the most intense beams of pulsed neutrons in the world. This unique facility is being built by a collaboration of six US Department of Energy laboratories and will serve a diverse community of users drawn from academia, industry, and government labs. The project continues on schedule and within budget, with commissioning and installation of all systems going well. Installation of 14 state-of-the-art instruments is under way, and design work is being completed for several others. These new instruments will enable inelastic and elastic-scattering measurements across a broad range of science such as condensed-matter physics, chemistry, engineering materials, biology, and beyond. Neutron Science at SNS will be complemented by research opportunities at several other facilities under way at Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

Mason, Thom [ORNL; Anderson, Ian S [ORNL; Ankner, John Francis [ORNL; Egami, Takeshi [ORNL; Ekkebus, Allen E [ORNL; Herwig, Kenneth W [ORNL; Hodges, Jason P [ORNL; Horak, Charlie M [ORNL; Horton, Linda L [ORNL; Klose, Frank Richard [ORNL; Mesecar, Andrew D. [University of Illinois, Chicago; Myles, Dean A A [ORNL; Ohl, M. [Forschungszentrum Julich, Julich, Germany; Zhao, Jinkui [ORNL

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Dynamics of quantum spin liquid and spin solid phases in IPA-CuCl3 under an applied magnetic field studied with neutron scattering  

SciTech Connect

Inelastic and elastic neutron scattering is used to study spin correlations in the quasi-one-dimensional quantum antiferromagnet IPA-CuCl3 in strong applied magnetic fields. A condensation of magnons and commensurate transverse long-range ordering is observe at a critical field Hc=9.5 T. The field dependencies of the energies and polarizations of all magnon branches are investigated both below and above the transition point. Their dispersion is measured across the entire one-dimensional Brillouin zone in magnetic fields up to 14 T. The critical wave vector of magnon spectrum truncation Masuda et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 047210 2006 is found to shift from hc0,35 at HHC to hc=0.25 for HHC. A drastic reduction of magnon bandwidths in the ordered phase Garlea et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 167202 2007 is observed and studied in detail. New features of the spectrum, presumably related to this bandwidth collapse, are observed just above the transition field.

Zheludev, Andrey I [ORNL; Garlea, Vasile O [ORNL; Masuda, T. [Yokohama City University, Japan; Manaka, H. [Kagoshima University, Kagoshima JAPAN; Regnault, L.-P. [CEA, Grenoble, France; Ressouche, E. [CEA, Grenoble, France; Grenier, B. [CEA, Grenoble, France; Chung, J.-H. [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST); Qiu, Y. [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST); Habicht, Klaus [Hahn-Meitner Institut, Berlin, Germany; Kiefer, K. [Hahn-Meitner Institut, Berlin, Germany; Boehm, Martin [Institut Laue-Langevin (ILL)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Characterization of nanostructured zirconia prepared by hydrolysis and reverse micelle synthesis by small-angle neutron and X-ray scattering  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Low temperature techniques such as hydrolysis and reverse micelle syntheses provide the opportunity to determine the relationship between the structural properties and preparation conditions of zirconia powders as well as to tailor their physicochemical properties. The authors have performed small-angle neutron and synchrotron X-ray scattering (SANS and SAXS) experiments to study the nucleation and organization of zirconia nanoparticles via different preparation routes. First, the formation of reverse micelles in individual and mixed solutions of (ZrOCl{sub 2}+D{sub 2}O)/AOT/C{sub 6}D{sub 5}CD{sub 3}, and (NH{sub 4}OH+H{sub 2}O)/AOT/C{sub 6}D{sub 5}CD{sub 3} systems at water/AOT molar ratio of 20 was characterized. Second, the aggregation of zirconia gels obtained from the reaction of the reverse micelle solutions after heat treatments was studied. Third, the nanostructure of zirconia powders prepared by the reverse micelle method is compared with the corresponding powders prepared by hydrolysis after different heat treatments.

Thiyagarajan, P.; Li, X.; Littrell, K.; Seifert, S.; Csencsits, R.; Loong, C.

1999-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

451

Physics design of a cold neutron source for KIPT neutron source facility.  

SciTech Connect

Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) of USA and Kharkov Institute of Physics and Technology (KIPT) of Ukraine have been collaborating on the conceptual design development of a neutron source facility. It is based on the use of an electron accelerator driven subcritical (ADS) facility with low enriched uranium fuel, using the existing electron accelerators at KIPT of Ukraine [1]. The neutron source of the subcritical assembly is generated from the interaction of 100-KW electron beam, which has a uniform spatial distribution and the electron energy in the range of 100 to 200 MeV, with a natural uranium target [2]. The main functions of the facility are the production of medical isotopes and the support of the Ukraine nuclear power industry. Neutron beam experiments and material studies are also included. Over the past two-three decades, structures with characteristic lengths of 100 {angstrom} and correspondingly smaller vibrational energies have become increasingly important for both science and technology [3]. The characteristic dimensions of the microstructures can be well matched by neutrons with longer vibrational wavelength and lower energy. In the accelerator-driven subcritical facility, most of the neutrons are generated from fission reactions with energy in the MeV range. They are slowed down to the meV energy range through scattering reactions in the moderator and reflector materials. However, the fraction of neutrons with energies less than 5 meV in a normal moderator spectrum is very low because of up-scattering caused by the thermal motion of moderator or reflector molecules. In order to obtain neutrons with energy less than 5 meV, cryogenically cooled moderators 'cold neutron sources' should be used to slow down the neutrons. These cold moderators shift the neutron energy spectrum down because the thermal motion of moderator molecules as well as the up-scattering is very small, which provides large gains in intensity of low energy neutrons, E < 5 meV. The accelerator driven subcritical facility is designed with a provision to add a cryogenically cooled moderator system. This cold neutron source could provide the neutrons beams with lower energy, which could be utilized in scattering experiment and material structures analysis. This study describes the performed physics analyses to define and characterize the cold neutron source of the KIPT neutron source facility. The cold neutron source is designed to optimize the cold neutron brightness to the experimental instruments outside the radial heavy concrete shield of the facility. Liquid hydrogen or solid methane with 20 K temperature is used as a cold moderator. Monte Carlo computer code MCNPX [4], with ENDF/B-VI nuclear data libraries, is utilized to calculate the cold neutron source performance and estimate the nuclear heat load to the cold moderator. The surface source generation capability of MCNPX code has been used to provide the possibility of analyzing different design configurations and perform design optimization analyses with reasonable computer resources. Several design configurations were analyzed and their performance were characterized and optimized.

Zhong, Z.; Gohar, Y.; Kellogg, R.; Nuclear Engineering Division

2009-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

452

Physics design of a cold neutron source for KIPT neutron source facility.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) of USA and Kharkov Institute of Physics and Technology (KIPT) of Ukraine have been collaborating on the conceptual design development of a neutron source facility. It is based on the use of an electron accelerator driven subcritical (ADS) facility with low enriched uranium fuel, using the existing electron accelerators at KIPT of Ukraine [1]. The neutron source of the subcritical assembly is generated from the interaction of 100-KW electron beam, which has a uniform spatial distribution and the electron energy in the range of 100 to 200 MeV, with a natural uranium target [2]. The main functions of the facility are the production of medical isotopes and the support of the Ukraine nuclear power industry. Neutron beam experiments and material studies are also included. Over the past two-three decades, structures with characteristic lengths of 100 {angstrom} and correspondingly smaller vibrational energies have become increasingly important for both science and technology [3]. The characteristic dimensions of the microstructures can be well matched by neutrons with longer vibrational wavelength and lower energy. In the accelerator-driven subcritical facility, most of the neutrons are generated from fission reactions with energy in the MeV range. They are slowed down to the meV energy range through scattering reactions in the moderator and reflector materials. However, the fraction of neutrons with energies less than 5 meV in a normal moderator spectrum is very low because of up-scattering caused by the thermal motion of moderator or reflector molecules. In order to obtain neutrons with energy less than 5 meV, cryogenically cooled moderators 'cold neutron sources' should be used to slow down the neutrons. These cold moderators shift the neutron energy spectrum down because the thermal motion of moderator molecules as well as the up-scattering is very small, which provides large gains in intensity of low energy neutrons, E neutron source could provide the neutrons beams with lower energy, which could be utilized in scattering experiment and material structures analysis. This study describes the performed physics analyses to define and characterize the cold neutron source of the KIPT neutron source facility. The cold neutron source is designed to optimize the cold neutron brightness to the experimental instruments outside the radial heavy concrete shield of the facility. Liquid hydrogen or solid methane with 20 K temperature is used as a cold moderator. Monte Carlo computer code MCNPX [4], with ENDF/B-VI nuclear data libraries, is utilized to calculate the cold neutron source performance and estimate the nuclear heat load to the cold moderator. The surface source generation capability of MCNPX code has been used to provide the possibility of analyzing different design configurations and perform design optimization analyses with reasonable computer resources. Several design configurations were analyzed and their performance were characterized and optimized.

Zhong, Z.; Gohar, Y.; Kellogg, R.; Nuclear Engineering Division

2009-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

453

Research Highlights | Nuclear Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

News and Awards News and Awards Nuclear Science Home | Science & Discovery | Nuclear Science | Research Highlights SHARE Research Highlights 1-3 of 3 Results Neutron scattering continues as a vital tool in superconductivity studies January 01, 2011 - In 2008, the totally unexpected discovery of a New class of superconductors, the iron pnictides, set off A Feverish international effort to understand them. Fabrication and Characterization of Uranium-based High Temperature Reactor Fuel June 01, 2013 - The Uranium Fuel Development Laboratory is a modern R&D scale lab for the fabrication and characterization of uranium-based high temperature reactor fuel. Light Water Reactor Fuel Cladding Research June 01, 2013 - ORNL is the focus point for Light Water Reactor (LWR)

454

Neutron Detection Efficiency of the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on improving the physical model used for neutron scattering in the resonance region. In many cases, the physical model for neutron scattering must take into account the motion of the target nuclei [2International Conference on Mathematics, Computational Methods & Reactor Physics (M&C 2009

Gilfoyle, Jerry

455

Contact ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

contacts Scientific staff - Alphabetical listing - Selected list of curriculum vitae HFIR experiment and approval staff SNS Procurement staff Mailing Addresses & Phone...

456

Industry - ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hidden Stresses in Materials HTML, HFIR Team Work with Industry To Find Hidden Stresses in Materials Metalsa, EPRI, John Deere among partners in high-impact projects Whether it's...

457

ORNL Neutron Sciences Users  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Submission and Performance Statistics General User Proposal Program-Most recent proposal submission metrics and trending data. Performance metrics for HFIR and SNS FY 2011 Mid-Year...

458

Contact ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Crone Administrative Assistant Wendy Brooks SNS Instrument Operations Bobby Lee Cross HFIR Instrument Operations Gary W. Lynn HFIR Instrument Engineering Doug Selby SNS...

459

Education | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of the National Research Council. Full article ... Distance Learning Students Visit SNS Powder Diffractometer Students at the POWGEN Powder Diffractometer at SNS Ashfia Huq,...

460

Visiting ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

welcome visitors Because of security requirements, however, the main access route to ORNL (Bethel Valley Road) is closed to the public. If you are not a U.S. Department of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "neutron scattering science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Science  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

149802 149802 , 1291 (2007); 318 Science et al. L. Ozyuzer, Superconductors Emission of Coherent THz Radiation from www.sciencemag.org (this information is current as of November 29, 2007 ): The following resources related to this article are available online at http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/318/5854/1291 version of this article at: including high-resolution figures, can be found in the online Updated information and services, http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/318/5854/1291/DC1 can be found at: Supporting Online Material found at: can be related to this article A list of selected additional articles on the Science Web sites http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/318/5854/1291#related-content http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/318/5854/1291#otherarticles

462

SCience  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

all all SCience Chicago Office Environment, Safety and Health Functions, Responsibilities, and Authorities Manual December 2012 ~5 {?JI-- l L-H1- I Roxanne E. Purucker, Manager Date SC-CH FRAM Revision 7 Office of Science - Chicago Office SC-CH Revision History TITLE: SC-CH Functions, Responsibilities, and Authorities Manual POINT OF CONTACT: Karl Moro SCMS MANAGEMENT SYSTEM: Environment, Safety and Health (ES&H) TO BE UPDATED: December 31, 2013 Revision Date Reason/Driver Description 5 Oct 10 Annual review and revision of the SC-CH ES&H Functions, Responsibilities, and Authorities Manual Changes were primarily made to address administrative and organizational changes and general improvement of text and presentation. I 6 Nov 11 Annual review and revision of

463

An evaluation of the neutron radiography facility at the Nuclear Science Center for dynamic imaging of two-phase hydrogenous fluids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Though both film and video radiographic image techniques are available in neutron radiography, radiographic cameras are commonly used to capture the dynamic flow patterns in a rapid sequence of images. These images may be useful to verify two-phase flow models in small diameter flow channels. An initial series of real-time neutron radiography experiments were performed at the Texas A&M University System, Texas Engineering Experiment Station, Nuclear Science Center Reactor (NSCR) to determined the image resolution of two-phase water and air flow regimes through small diameter metal flow channels. After evaluating these initial images, research was conducted to determine cost effective enhancements that would increase the dimensional accuracy and contrast of these flow images. Modifications were completed to the beam collimator and the radiography camera video processing board was realigned to provide a stronger vidio signal with less noise. Several hydrogenous-media reference standards were designed and constructed to evaluate the effectiveness of the modifications. The beamport collimator was redesigned and the radiography calibration methodology was changed. The post-modification images demonstrate that a smaller, more focused neutron beam and a more sensitive video camera provide clearer images with excellent dimensional characteristics. Specific research to quantify both the resolution and sensitivity limits is proposed and a change in dynamic target imaging methodology is proposed.

Carlisle, Bruce Scott

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Nanoscale Science Research Centers | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Nanoscale Science Research Centers Nanoscale Science Research Centers Scientific User Facilities (SUF) Division SUF Home About User Facilities X-Ray Light Sources Neutron Scattering Facilities Nanoscale Science Research Centers Electron-Beam Microcharacterization Centers Accelerator & Detector Research & Development Principal Investigators' Meetings Scientific Highlights Construction Projects BES Home User Facilities Nanoscale Science Research Centers Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page The five NSRCs are DOE's premier user centers for interdisciplinary research at the nanoscale, serving as the basis for a national program that encompasses new science, new tools, and new computing capabilities. Each center has particular expertise and capabilities in selected theme areas, such as synthesis and characterization of nanomaterials; catalysis; theory,

465

Neutron Diffraction Study of Crystal Structure and Magnetic ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Magnetic refrigeration based on the magnetocaloric effect ... Small and Wide Angle Neutron Scattering for Industrial Applications at HANARO.

466

NIST Center for Neutron Research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... supported by the National Science Foundation ... Spectroscopy The energy scale of neutrons ( meV ... posted some proposal statistics summarizing the ...

467

Neutron and Nano User Meeting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science @ Neutron and Nano Facilities User Workshops Integrated Agendas Venue Travel Information Contacts and Sponsors Registration Registration is now closed Contact Al Ekkebus,...

468

Compact D-D/D-T neutron generators and their applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cold neutrons have an excellent resolution for the fusion-the fusion-based neutron source is more suitable for coldCold neutron source for Small Angle Neutron Scattering51 5.4 Summary of fusion-

Lou, Tak Pui

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - General Characterizat...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

neutron scattering facilities that are available at ORNL's High-Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) and the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS). Beamlines of particular relevance to CNMS...

470

EEE 562 Nuclear Reactor Theory and Design (3 hrs) Catalog Description: Principles of neutron chain reacting systems. Neutron diffusion and moderation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

important part of reactor physics. As the neutrons are produced in neutron induced fission of a fissile physical processes like neutron capture, elastic and inelastic scattering, upscattering, etc. Neutron technique is a scattering of free neutrons by matter. It is used in biophysics, physics, chemistry

471

Materials Science & Engineering | More Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Advanced Materials Clean Energy Materials Theory and Simulation Neutron Science Nuclear Forensics Nuclear Science Supercomputing Theory, Modeling and Simulation Mathematics Physics More Science Home | Science & Discovery | More Science | Materials Science and Engineering SHARE Materials Science and Engineering ORNL's core capability in applied materials science and engineering directly supports missions in clean energy, national security, and industrial competitiveness. A key strength of ORNL's materials science program is the close coupling of basic and applied R&D. Programs building on this core capability are focused on (1) innovations and improvements in materials synthesis, processing, and design; (2) determination and manipulation of critical structure-property relationships, and (3)

472

Supercool Neutrons (Ultracold Neutrons)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the USA. Why neutrons? Neutrons possess physical properties that make them valuable investigative tools Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) The world's most intense pulsed accelerator-based neutron source. High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) The highest flux reactor-based neutron source for condensed matter research

Martin, Jeff

473

Neutron scattering and hydrogenous materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The next molecules, shown in brown, reside above the line defined by adjacent oxygen atoms, and in the sites above the benzene ring, shown in ...

2012-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

474

NXS 2012 - Neutron Scattering School  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ANL Facilities ANL Map (jpg) ANL Map (pdf) ANL Visitor's Guide ORNL Facilities HFIR Facility SNS Facility HFIRSNS Map Wireless Networks ORNL Safety & Security Rules ORNL...

475

NXS 2011 - Neutron Scattering School  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NotesVideos Experiments ANL Facilities ANL Map ANL Visitor's Guide ORNL Facilities HFIR Facility SNS Facility HFIRSNS Map Wireless Networks ORNL Safety & Security Rules ORNL...

476

Neutron Scattering School (NXS2008)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Agenda updated 93008 Experiment Groups ORNL Experiments Experiments ORNL Facilities HFIR Facility SNS Facility HFIRSNS Map Access Requirements Wireless Network Access Rules &...

477

Neutron Scattering School (NXS2009)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Experiments Abstracts Discussion Schedule Experiments Experiment Groups ORNL Facilities HFIR Facility SNS Facility HFIRSNS Map Access Requirements Wireless Network Access Safety &...

478

NIST CENTER FOR NEUTRON RESEARCH LAYOUT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 4 NG-7 30 m SANS Small Angle Neutron Scattering instrument for microstructure measurement sponsored by NIST, the ExxonMobil Research ...

2000-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

479

NIST CENTER FOR NEUTRON RESEARCH LAYOUT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 4 NG-7 30m SANS Small Angle Neutron Scattering instrument for microstructure measurement sponsored by NIST, the Exxon Research and ...

1999-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

480

Filter-Analyzer Neutron Spectrometer (FANS)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Soc., Div. Fuel Chem ... H. Kabbour, and CC Ahn, "Hydrogen Adsorption in MOF-74 Studied by Inelastic Neutron Scattering", in Life Cycle Analysis for ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "neutron scattering science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Filter-Analyzer Neutron Spectrometer (FANS)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... J. Hwang, "Probing the Unusual Proton and Anion Mobility of LiBH ... Analysis of the Inelastic Neutron Scattering Spectra of Electron Donor-Acceptor ...

482

Science-Driven Network Requirements for ESnet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the science done at SNS, which runs 24 hr/day. 2 Gbits/Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) from Basic Energy Sciences;Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) is a new facility at the Oak

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

SNS | Spallation Neutron Source | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SNS SNS Instruments Working with SNS Contact Us User Program Manager Laura Morris Edwards 865.574.2966 Spallation Neutron Source Home | User Facilities | SNS SNS | Spallation Neutron Source SHARE SNS is an accelerator-based neutron source in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA. This one-of-a-kind facility provides the most intense pulsed neutron beams in the world for scientific research and industrial development. The 80-acre SNS site is located on Chestnut Ridge and is part of Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Although most people don't know it, neutron scattering research has a lot to do with our everyday lives. For example, things like medicine, food, electronics, and cars and airplanes have all been improved by neutron scattering research. Neutron research also helps scientists improve materials used in a

484

Neutron sources and applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Review of Neutron Sources and Applications was held at Oak Brook, Illinois, during September 8--10, 1992. This review involved some 70 national and international experts in different areas of neutron research, sources, and applications. Separate working groups were asked to (1) review the current status of advanced research reactors and spallation sources; and (2) provide an update on scientific, technological, and medical applications, including neutron scattering research in a number of disciplines, isotope production, materials irradiation, and other important uses of neutron sources such as materials analysis and fundamental neutron physics. This report summarizes the findings and conclusions of the different working groups involved in the review, and contains some of the best current expertise on neutron sources and applications.

Price, D.L. [ed.] [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Rush, J.J. [ed.] [National Inst. of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (United States)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

mathematical sciences publishersmathematical sciences publishersmathematical sciences publishersmathematical sciences publishersmathematical sciences publishersmathematical sciences publishersmathematical sciences publishersmathematical sciences publisher  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sciences publishersmathematical sciences publishersmathematical sciences publishersmathematical sciences publishersmathematical sciences publishersmathematical sciences publishersmathematical sciences publishersmathematical sciences publishersmathematical sciences publishersmathematical sciences publishersmathematical sciences

Calegari, Frank

486

LANSCE | Lujan Center | Science Thrust Areas  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science Thrust Areas Science Thrust Areas User research at the Lujan Center is focused in four science thrust areas. Each has a contact person who is available to discuss proposed experiments and to provide advice on the appropriate instrument and instrument scientist, available sample environments, and other details for planned experiments. Lujan Center instrument scientists welcome questions and discussions about new experiments and are happy to provide guidance for proposal development. New users are encouraged to contact the appropriate instrument scientist before submitting a proposal. Primary Instruments and Contacts: Surfaces and Interfaces Rex Hjelm - Principal Contact Neutron reflectivity and small angle scattering probe interfaces, surfaces, defects, and their influence on material properties and functionality.

487

Neutron Data Analysis and Visualization Division - ORNL Neutron...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

develops software and hardware for the reduction and analysis of data taken on SNS and HFIR neutron scattering instruments. We work closely with the SNS and HFIR Data Acquisition...

488