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Sample records for net metering net

  1. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Note: Illinois is currently undergoing a rulemaking that would change its existing net metering rules. The proposed rules include provisions clarifying virtual net metering policies, facilitating...

  2. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Kansas adopted the Net Metering and Easy Connection Act in May 2009, which established net metering for customers of investor-owned utilities (IOUs). 

  3. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Ohio's net-metering law requires electric distribution utilities to offer net metering to customers who generate electricity using wind energy, solar energy, biomass, landfill gas, hydropower, fu...

  4. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    New Jersey's net-metering rules require state's investor-owned utilities and energy suppliers (and certain competitive municipal utilities and electric cooperatives) to offer net metering at non-...

  5. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    NOTE: On October 21, 2015, the NY Public Service Commission denied the Orange and Rockland Utility’s petition to cease offering net-metering and interconnections once the 6% net-metering cap was...

  6. Net Metering

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    NOTE: Although, this post is categorized as netmetering, the policy adopted by MS does not meet DSIRE's standards for a typical net metering policy. Net metering policy allows a customer to offset...

  7. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    There is no stated limit on the aggregate capacity of net-metered systems in a utility's service territory. Any net excess generation (NEG) during a monthly billing period is carried over to the...

  8. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Note: On October 12th, 2015 the Hawaii PUC voted to end net metering in favor of 3 alternative options: a grid supply option, a self-supply option, and a time of use tariff. Customers with net...

  9. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Net excess generation (NEG) is credited to the customer's next monthly bill. The customer may choose to start the net metering period at the beginning of January, April, July or October to match...

  10. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Missouri enacted legislation in June 2007 requiring all electric utilities—investor-owned utilities, municipal utilities, and electric cooperatives—to offer net metering to customers with systems...

  11. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Net metering is available to all customers of investor-owned utilities and rural electric cooperatives, exempting TVA utilities. Kentucky's requires the use of a single, bi-directional meter for...

  12. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Net metering is available on a first-come, first-served basis until the cumulative generating capacity of net-metered systems equals 0.5% of a utility’s peak demand during 1996.* At least one-half...

  13. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Note: The California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) issued a decision in April 2016 establishing rules for net metering PV systems paired with storage devices 10 kW or smaller. See below for...

  14. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Net metering in Virginia is available on a first-come, first-served basis until the rated generating capacity owned and operated by customer-generators reaches 1% of an electric distribution...

  15. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    With these regulations, renewable energy systems with a capacity up to 25 kilowatts (kW) are eligible for net metering. Overall enrollment is limited to 1.5% of a utility's retail sales from the...

  16. Net Metering

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    NOTE: On February 2016, the PA Public Service Commission (PUC) issued a final rulemaking order amending net metering regulations to provide clarity and to comply with the statutes. Changes include...

  17. Net Metering

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Net metering is available to all "qualifying facilities" (QFs), as defined by the federal Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA), which pertains to renewable energy systems and co...

  18. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Iowa's statutes do not explicitly authorize the Iowa Utilities Board (IUB) to mandate net metering, but this authority is implicit through the board's enforcement of PURPA and Iowa Code § 476.41 ...

  19. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Nevada's original net-metering law for renewable-energy systems was enacted in 1997 and amended in 2001, 2003, 2005, 2007, 2011, 2013, and 2015. Systems up to one megawatt (MW) in capacity that...

  20. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In Delaware, net metering is available to any customer that generates electricity using solar, wind or hydro resources, anaerobic digesters, or fuel cells capable of being powered by renewable fu...

  1. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In April 2001, Arkansas enacted legislation (HB 2325) directing the Arkansas Public Service Commission (PSC) to establish net-metering rules for certain renewable-energy systems.* The PSC approved...

  2. Net Metering

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    North Dakota's net metering policy, adopted in 1991 by the state Public Service Commission (PSC), applies to renewable energy systems and combined heat and power (CHP) systems up to 100 kilowatts...

  3. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In October 2008, Michigan enacted P.A. 295, requiring the Michigan Public Service Commission (MPSC) to establish a statewide net metering program for renewable energy systems. On May 26, 2009 the...

  4. Net Metering

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

     NOTE: The program website listed above links to the Maryland Public Service Commission's Net Metering Working Group page, which contains a variety of information resources related to the ongoing...

  5. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Utah law requires their only investor-owned utility, Rocky Mountain Power (RMP), and most electric cooperatives* to offer net metering to customers who generate electricity using solar energy, wi...

  6. Palau- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Palau Net Metering Act of 2009 established net metering on the Island of Palau. Net metering was implemented in order to:

  7. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Customer net excess generation (NEG) is carried forward at the utility's retail rate (i.e., as a kilowatt-hour credit) to a customer's next bill for up to 12 months. At the end of a 12-month...

  8. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Net excess generation (NEG) is treated as a kilowatt-hour (kWh) credit or other compensation on the customer's following bill.* At the beginning of the calendar year, a utility will purchase any...

  9. Campo Net Meter Project

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Campo Net Meter Project Michael Connolly Miskwish, MA Economist/Engineer Campo Kumeyaay Nation Location map Tribal Energy Planning  Current 50 MW project  Proposed 160 MW project  DOE energy grant  Land use planning, renewable energy zones overlay  Economic analysis  Transmission, queue, PPA  Energy Resource Agreement analysis  Tribal Net meter turbine planning California SGIP program  Self Generation Incentive Program  Requires utilities to allow net metering

  10. SRP- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Note: Salt River Project (SRP) modified its existing net-metering program for residential customers in February 2015. These changes are effective with the April 2015 billing cycle.

  11. LADWP- Net Metering

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    LADWP allows its customers to net meter their photovoltaic (PV), wind, and hybrid systems with a capacity of not more than one megawatt. LADWP will provide the necessary metering equipment unless...

  12. EWEB- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Eugene Water and Electric Board (EWEB) offers net metering for customers with renewable energy generation systems with an installed capacity of 25 kW or less. Eligible systems use solar power,...

  13. Idaho Power- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In July 2013, the PUC issued an order in response to Idaho Power's application to modify its net metering program. The ruling removed a previously existing service capacity cap of 2.9 MW and chan...

  14. Guam- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Note: As of October 2015, the net metering program had around 700 customers. According to the Guam Daily Post, the program is expected to reach the current 1,000-customer cap in mid-2016. This cap...

  15. Austin Energy- Net Metering

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Austin Energy, the municipal utility of Austin Texas, offers net metering to its non-residential retail electricity customers for renewable energy systems up to 20 kilowatts (kW). Austin Energy o...

  16. PSEG Long Island- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Although PSEG Long Island’s net metering policy is not governed by the State’s net metering law, the provisions are similar to the State law. Net metering is available for residential, non-reside...

  17. Net Metering | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Gas Wind Biomass Geothermal Electric Anaerobic Digestion Small Hydroelectric Tidal Energy Wave Energy No Ashland Electric - Net Metering (Oregon) Net Metering Oregon Commercial...

  18. Montana Electric Cooperatives- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Montana Electric Cooperatives' Association (MECA) adopted model interconnection guidelines in 2001 and a revised net-metering policy in September 2008. Net metering is available in whole or...

  19. N. Mariana Islands- Net Metering

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Note: The Commonwealth Utility Corporation issued a moratorium on net metering. However, Public Law 18-62 signed September 6, 2014 states that net metering should be available to all residential...

  20. Washington City Power- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Washington City adopted a net-metering program, including interconnection procedures, in January 2008, and updated the policy in December 2014.* Net metering is available to any customer of...

  1. Net Metering | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    the limit on individual system size from 100 kilowatts (kW) to 1 MW . Net Excess Generation: The District's net-metering rules specify that metering equipment must be capable...

  2. Grays Harbor PUD- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Washington's original net-metering law, which applies to all electric utilities, was enacted in 1998 and amended in 2006. Individual systems are limited to 100 kilowatts (kW) in capacity. Net...

  3. Net Metering | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    after 12312014) are eligible. Net-metered systems must be intended primarily to offset part or all of a customer's electricity requirements. Public utilities may not limit...

  4. Net Metering | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Anaerobic Digestion Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels Program Info Sector Name State State North Carolina Program Type Net Metering Summary The North Carolina Utilities Commission...

  5. Net Metering | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    of retail renewable distributed generation and net metering. Details will be posted once a final order is issued. Eligibility and Availability In December 2005 the Colorado...

  6. Net Metering | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    who generate electricity using solar, wind, hydroelectric, geothermal, biomass, biogas, combined heat and power, or fuel cell technologies.* A net metering facility must be...

  7. Avista Utilities- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    For Avista Utilities customers, any net excess generation (NEG) during a monthly billing period is credited to the customer's next bill at the utility's retail rate. At the beginning of each ca...

  8. Net Metering | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    commercial) as long as the base requirements are met. All net-metered facilities must be behind a customer's meter, but only a minimal amount of load located on-site is required....

  9. Valley Electric Association- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Board of Directors for Valley Electric Association (VEA) approved net metering in April 2008. The rules apply to systems up to 30 kW, though owners of larger systems may be able to negotiate...

  10. Blue Ridge EMC- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Blue Ridge Electric Membership Corporation offers net metering to its residential customers with solar photovoltaic, wind, or micro-hydro generators up to 25 kilowatts. There is no aggregate...

  11. Net Metering | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Renewable energy facilities established on military property for on-site military consumption may net meter for systems up to 2.2 megawatts (MW, AC). Aggregate Capacity Limit...

  12. Net Metering Resources | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Net Metering Resources Net Metering Resources State net metering policies allow customers to produce onsite electricity and sell excess generation to the utility at a set price, which creates an incentive for private investment in distributed renewable energy technologies by providing value to the electricity generation that, during certain times of day or season, exceeds the customer's electricity demand. Find net metering resources below. DOE Resource Net Metering Policy Development in

  13. El Paso Electric - Net Metering | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Website http:www.epelectric.comtxbusinessrollback-net-metering-approved-in-... State Texas Program Type Net Metering Summary El Paso Electric (EPE) has offered net metering to...

  14. Green Pricing and Net Metering Programs 2010

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    294 2,971 650 Rhode Island 2 136 58 194 172 September 2012 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Green Pricing and Net Metering Programs 2010 6 Table 2. Estimated U.S. net ...

  15. City of St. George- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The City of St. George Energy Services Department (SGESD) offers a net metering program to its customers, and updated program guidelines and fees in September 2015.* 

  16. Rocky Mountain Power- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    For residential and small commercial customers, net excess generation (NEG) is credited at Rocky Mountain Power's retail rate and carried forward to the next month. For larger commercial and...

  17. Farmington Electric Utility System- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Farmington Electric, a municipal utility, offers net metering to residential customers with systems up to 10 kilowatts (kW) in capacity. This option is available for photovoltaic (PV), wind, hydro...

  18. Murray City Power- Net Metering Pilot Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Under a pilot program, Murray City Power offers net metering to customers that generate electricity using photovoltaic (PV), wind-electric or hydroelectric systems with a maximum capacity of 10...

  19. Green Pricing and Net Metering Programs 2010

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Green Pricing and Net Metering Programs 2010 i This report was prepared by ...

  20. Green Pricing and Net Metering Programs 2010

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    30,060 27,750 Vermont 2 4,453 239 4,692 4,936 September 2012 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Green Pricing and Net Metering Programs 2010 4 Table 1. Estimated U.S. ...

  1. U.S. Virgin Islands- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In February 2007, the U.S. Virgin Islands Public Services Commission approved a limited net-metering program for residential and commercial photovoltaic (PV), wind-energy or other renewable energ...

  2. June 25 Webinar to Explore Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Register for the Net Metering webinar, which will be held on Wednesday, June 25, 2014, from 11 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. Mountain time.

  3. Innovation and Success in Solar Net Metering and Interconnection |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Net Metering and Interconnection Innovation and Success in Solar Net Metering and Interconnection This document summarizes the latest developments in solar net metering and interconnection. webinar_080713_solar_net_metering_connection.pdf (2.09 MB) More Documents & Publications webinar_innovation_net_metering_interconnection.doc PRESENTATION: OVERVIEW OF THE SUNSHOT INITIATIVE Final Report - Chicago Region Solar Market Transformation Team

  4. Nevada Renewable Energy Application For Net Metering Customers...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Renewable Energy Application For Net Metering Customers Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Form: Nevada Renewable Energy Application For Net...

  5. SCE&G - Net Metering | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    of net metering programs offered by the IOUs. South Carolina Electric & Gas (SCE&G) designed two net-metering options for its South Carolina customers. These options are...

  6. The Intersection of Net Metering and Retail Choice: An Overview...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    The Intersection of Net Metering and Retail Choice: An Overview of Policy, Practice and Issues The Intersection of Net Metering and Retail Choice: An Overview of Policy, Practice and ...

  7. Overcoming Net Metering and Interconnection Objections: New Jersey MSR Partnership

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2005-09-01

    This fact sheet explains how the New Jersey MSR Partnership successfully revised net metering rules to make solar installations easier.

  8. Community Net Energy Metering: How Novel Policies Expand Benefits of Net Metering to Non-Generators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rose, James; Varnado, Laurel

    2009-04-01

    As interest in community solutions to renewable energy grows, more states are beginning to develop policies that encourage properties with more than one meter to install shared renewable energy systems. State net metering policies are evolving to allow the aggregation of multiple meters on a customer’s property and to dissolve conventional geographical boundaries. This trend means net metering is expanding out of its traditional function as an enabling incentive to offset onsite customer load at a single facility. This paper analyzes community net energy metering (CNEM) as an emerging vehicle by which farmers, neighborhoods, and municipalities may more easily finance and reap the benefits of renewable energy. Specifically, it aims to compare and contrast the definition of geographical boundaries among different CNEM models and examine the benefits and limitations of each approach. As state policies begin to stretch the geographic boundaries of net metering, they allow inventive solutions to encourage renewable energy investment. This paper attempts to initiate the conversation on this emerging policy mechanism and offers recommendations for further development of these policies.

  9. Aggregate Net Metering Opportunities for Local Governments | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Aggregate Net Metering Opportunities for Local Governments Aggregate Net Metering Opportunities for Local Governments This guide summarizes the variations in state laws that determine whether or not meter aggregation is an option for local governments, explores the unique opportunities that it can extend to public-sector photovoltaic projects, and describes the important details that must be considered when promoting or pursuing such a policy. Aggregate net metering is the practice of

  10. Vermont Construction and Operation of Net Metering Systems Rules...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    rule is applicable to all net metered installations in Vermont, and applies to every person, firm, company, corporation and municipality engaged in the construction or operation...

  11. Vermont Construction and Operation of Net Metering Systems Rule...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    rule is applicable to all net metered installations in Vermont, and applies to every person, firm, company, corporation and municipality engaged in the construction or operation...

  12. San Antonio City Public Service (CPS Energy)- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Net metering is available to customers of CPS Energy. There is no aggregate capacity limit or maximum system size. There are also no commissioning fees or facilities charges for customers.

  13. Application for a Certificate of Public Good for Net Metered...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Certificate of Public Good for Net Metered Power Systems that are Non-Photovoltaic Systems Up to 150 kW (AC) in Capacity Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to...

  14. Net Metering and Interconnection Procedures-- Incorporating Best Practices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jason Keyes, Kevin Fox, Joseph Wiedman, Staff at North Carolina Solar Center

    2009-04-01

    State utility commissions and utilities themselves are actively developing and revising their procedures for the interconnection and net metering of distributed generation. However, the procedures most often used by regulators and utilities as models have not been updated in the past three years, in which time most of the distributed solar facilities in the United States have been installed. In that period, the Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC) has been a participant in more than thirty state utility commission rulemakings regarding interconnection and net metering of distributed generation. With the knowledge gained from this experience, IREC has updated its model procedures to incorporate current best practices. This paper presents the most significant changes made to IREC’s model interconnection and net metering procedures.

  15. Akwesasne Housing Authority - Go Solar Initiative: Net Metering

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Akwesasne Housing Authority Go Solar Initiative: Net Metering Indian Energy Webinar: Understanding the Energy Policy and Regulatory Environment Theresa Cole, Special Projects Coordinator * Intro Akwesasne Housing Authority * Energy Vision * Sunrise Acres Complex * Technical Assistance/Strategic Plan * Project Goals & Outcomes * Community Awareness Campaign * Solar Initiative Goals * AHA's Unique Energy Conservation & Education Programming * Funding Sources * New York State and Utility

  16. Status of Net Metering: Assessing the Potential to Reach Program Caps

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heeter, J.; Gelman, R.; Bird, L.

    2014-09-01

    Several states are addressing the issue of net metering program caps, which limit the total amount of net metered generating capacity that can be installed in a state or utility service territory. In this analysis, we examine net metering caps to gain perspective on how long net metering will be available in various jurisdictions under current policies. We also surveyed state practices and experience to understand important policy design considerations.

  17. Status of Net Metering: Assessing the Potential to Reach Program Caps (Poster)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heeter, J.; Bird, L.; Gelman, R.

    2014-10-01

    Several states are addressing the issue of net metering program caps, which limit the total amount of net metered generating capacity that can be installed in a state or utility service territory. In this analysis, we examine net metering caps to gain perspective on how long net metering will be available in various jurisdictions under current policies. We also surveyed state practices and experience to understand important policy design considerations.

  18. The Impact of Rate Design and Net Metering on the Bill Savings...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Impact of Rate Design and Net Metering on the Bill Savings from Distributed Photovoltaics (PV) for Residential Customers in California Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary...

  19. The Intersection of Net Metering and Retail Choice: An Overview of Policy, Practice and Issues

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In this report, the authors studied different facets of crediting mechanisms, and defined five different theoretical models describing different ways competitive suppliers and utilities provide net metering options for their customers. They then provided case studies to illustrate the models.

  20. Net Metering

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Note: Ongoing issues related to Minnesota's Community Solar Garden rules and program implementation are being considered in Docket No. E002/M-13-867. This entry will be updated as necessary to...

  1. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    * The PSC regulates investor-owned utilities and electric cooperatives in Louisiana; it does not regulate municipal-owned utilities, and its rules thereby do not apply to municipal utilities....

  2. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Note: On May 12, 2015 Georgia's governor signed House Bill 57 which allows residential and commercial customers to enter into third party financing deals for solar systems.

  3. Analysis of U.S Interconnection and Net-Metering Policy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haynes, Rusty; Cook, Chris

    2006-07-01

    Historically, the absence of interconnection standards has been one of the primary barriers to the deployment of distributed generation (DG) in the United States. Although significant progress in the development of interconnection standards was achieved at both the federal and state levels in 2005, interconnection policy and net-metering policy continue to confound regulators, lawmakers, DG businesses, clean-energy advocates and consumers. For this reason it is critical to keep track of developments related to these issues.The North Carolina Solar Center (NCSC) is home to two Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC) projects -- the National Interconnection Project and the Database of State Incentives for Renewable Energy (DSIRE). This paper will present the major federal and state level policy developments in interconnection and net metering in 2005 and early 2006. It will also present conclusions based an analysis of data collected by these two projects.

  4. The Economic Value of PV and Net Metering to Residential Customers in California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Darghouth, Naim; Barbose, Galen; Wiser, Ryan

    2010-05-17

    In this paper, we analyze the bill savings from PV for residential customers of the California's two largest electric utilities, under existing net metering tariffs as well as under several alternative compensation mechanisms. We find that economic value of PV to the customer is dependent on the structure of the underlying retail electricity rate and can vary quite significantly from one customer to another. In addition, we find that the value of the bill savings from PV generally declines with PV penetration level, as increased PV generation tends to offset lower-priced usage. Customers in our sample from both utilities are significantly better off with net metering than with a feed-in tariff where all PV generation is compensated at long-run avoided generation supply costs. Other compensation schemeswhich allow customers to displace their consumption with PV generation within each hour or each month, and are also based on the avoided costs, yield similar value to the customer as net metering.

  5. The Impact of Rate Design and Net Metering on the Bill Savings from Distributed PV for Residential Customers in California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Darghouth, Naim; Barbose, Galen; Wiser, Ryan

    2010-03-30

    Net metering has become a widespread policy in the U.S. for supporting distributed photovoltaics (PV) adoption. Though specific design details vary, net metering allows customers with PV to reduce their electric bills by offsetting their consumption with PV generation, independent of the timing of the generation relative to consumption - in effect, compensating the PV generation at retail electricity rates (Rose et al. 2009). While net metering has played an important role in jump-starting the residential PV market in the U.S., challenges to net metering policies have emerged in a number of states and contexts, and alternative compensation methods are under consideration. Moreover, one inherent feature of net metering is that the value of the utility bill savings it provides to customers with PV depends heavily on the structure of the underlying retail electricity rate, as well as on the characteristics of the customer and PV system. Consequently, the value of net metering - and the impact of moving to alternative compensation mechanisms - can vary substantially from one customer to the next. For these reasons, it is important for policymakers and others that seek to support the development of distributed PV to understand both how the bill savings varies under net metering, and how the bill savings under net metering compares to other possible compensation mechanisms. To advance this understanding, we analyze the bill savings from PV for residential customers of California's two largest electric utilities, Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) and Southern California Edison (SCE). The analysis is based on hourly load data from a sample of 215 residential customers located in the service territories of the two utilities, matched with simulated hourly PV production for the same time period based on data from the nearest of 73 weather stations in the state.

  6. Status of Net Metering: Assessing the Potential to Reach Program Caps

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Status of Net Metering: Assessing the Potential to Reach Program Caps J. Heeter, R. Gelman, and L. Bird National Renewable Energy Laboratory Technical Report NREL/TP-6A20-61858 September 2014 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC This report is available at no cost from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) at www.nrel.gov/publications. Contract No.

  7. The Impact of Rate Design and Net Metering on the Bill Savings from Distributed PV for Residential Customers in California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Energy and Resources Group, University of California, Berkeley; Darghouth, Naim R.; Barbose, Galen; Wiser, Ryan

    2011-06-01

    Net metering has become a widespread mechanism in the U.S. for supporting customer adoption of distributed photovoltaics (PV), but has faced challenges as PV installations grow to a larger share of generation in a number of states. This paper examines the value of the bill savings that customers receive under net metering, and the associated role of retail rate design, based on a sample of approximately two hundred residential customers of California's two largest electric utilities. We find that the bill savings per kWh of PV electricity generated varies by more than a factor of four across the customers in the sample, which is largely attributable to the inclining block structure of the utilities' residential retail rates. We also compare the bill savings under net metering to that received under three potential alternative compensation mechanisms, based on California's Market Price Referent (MPR). We find that net metering provides significantly greater bill savings than a full MPR-based feed-in tariff, but only modestly greater savings than alternative mechanisms under which hourly or monthly net excess generation is compensated at the MPR rate.

  8. Net Metering and Market Feedback Loops: Exploring the Impact of Retail Rate Design on Distributed PV Deployment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Darghouth, Naïm R.; Wiser, Ryan; Barbose, Galen; Mills, Andrew

    2015-01-13

    The substantial increase in deployment of customer-sited solar photovoltaics (PV) in the United States has been driven by a combination of steeply declining costs, financing innovations, and supportive policies. Among those supportive policies is net metering, which in most states effectively allows customers to receive compensation for distributed PV generation at the full retail electricity price. The current design of retail electricity rates and the presence of net metering have elicited concerns that the possible under-recovery of fixed utility costs from PV system owners may lead to a feedback loop of increasing retail prices that accelerate PV adoption and further rate increases. However, a separate and opposing feedback loop could offset this effect: increased PV deployment may lead to a shift in the timing of peak-period electricity prices that could reduce the bill savings received under net metering where time-varying retail electricity rates are used, thereby dampening further PV adoption. In this paper, we examine the impacts of these two competing feedback dynamics on U.S. distributed PV deployment through 2050 for both residential and commercial customers, across states. Our results indicate that, at the aggregate national level, the two feedback effects nearly offset one another and therefore produce a modest net effect, although their magnitude and direction vary by customer segment and by state. We also model aggregate PV deployment trends under various rate designs and net-metering rules, accounting for feedback dynamics. Our results demonstrate that future adoption of distributed PV is highly sensitive to retail rate structures. Whereas flat, time-invariant rates with net metering lead to higher aggregate national deployment levels than the current mix of rate structures (+5% in 2050), rate structures with higher monthly fixed customer charges or PV compensation at levels lower than the full retail rate can dramatically erode aggregate customer

  9. U.S. Energy Information Administration | Green Pricing and Net...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Green Pricing and Net Metering Programs 2009 4 Green Pricing and Net Metering Programs ... Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-861, "Annual Electric Power Industry ...

  10. ,"Weekly Blender Net Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Net Production of Finished Motor Gasoline (Thousand Barrels per Day)","Weekly East Coast (PADD 1) Blender Net Production of Finished Motor Gasoline (Thousand Barrels per ...

  11. NetCDF

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NetCDF NetCDF Description and Overview NetCDF (Network Common Data Form) is a set of software libraries and machine-independent data formats that support the creation, access, and sharing of array-oriented scientific data. This includes the libnetcdf.a library as well as the NetCDF Operators (NCO), Climate Data Operators (CDO), NCCMP, and NCVIEW packages. Files written with previous versions can be read or written with the current version. Using NetCDF on Cray System NetCDF libraries on the

  12. South Carolina- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In April of 2014 the South Carolina legislature unanimously passed S.B. 1189 to create a voluntary Distributed Energy Resource Program. In March 2015 the Public Utilities Commission approved a...

  13. U.S. Energy Information Administration | Green Pricing and Net...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    U.S. Energy Information Administration | Green Pricing and Net Metering Programs 2009 Green Pricing and Net Metering Programs 2009 Table 5.1 Estimated U.S. Green Pricing Customers ...

  14. Net Energy Billing

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Note: On June 30, 2015, the Maine legislature enacted L.D. 1263/H.P. 863, directing the Public Utilities Commission to convene a stakeholder group to develop an alternative to net energy billing.

  15. NetState

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2005-09-01

    NetState is a distributed network monitoring system. It uses passive sensors to develop status information on a target network. Two major features provided by NetState are version and port tracking. Version tracking maintains information about software and operating systems versions. Port tracking identifies information about active TOP and UDP ports. Multiple NetState sniffers can be deployed, one at each entry point of the target network. The sniffers monitor network traffic, then send the information tomore » the NetState server. The information is stored in centralized database which can then be accessed via standard SQL database queries or this web-based GUI, for further analysis and display.« less

  16. SpawnNet

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2014-12-23

    SpawnNet provides a networking interface similar to Linux sockets that runs natively on High-performance network interfaces. It is intended to be used to bootstrap parallel jobs and communication libraries like MPI.

  17. Grid Net | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Grid Net Jump to: navigation, search Name: Grid Net Address: 340 Brannan St Place: San Francisco, California Zip: 94107 Region: Bay Area Sector: Efficiency Product: Sells open,...

  18. netCDF4-python

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    netCDF4-python netCDF4-python Description and Overview netCDF4-python is an object oriented python interface to the netCDF C library. Loading netCDF4-python on Edison/Cori module load python/2.7-anaconda Using netCDF4-python in the codes from netCDF4 import Dataset fx = Dataset("mydir/test.nc","w",format="NETCDF4") Note that netCDF4-python supports various classic netcdf versions, e.g., netcdf3, netcdf3-classic, please make sure the format is consistent when you

  19. OpenNet Training | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    OpenNet Training OpenNet Training Training Instructions for Submitting Document to OpenNet Reference OpenNet

  20. Net Metering Policy Development and Distributed Solar Generation in Minnesota: Overview of Trends in Nationwide Policy Development and Implications of Increasing the Eligible System Size Cap

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doris, E.; Busche, S.; Hockett, S.

    2009-12-01

    The goal of the Minnesota net metering policy is to give the maximum possible encouragement to distributed generation assets, especially solar electric systems (MN 2008). However, according to a published set of best practices (NNEC 2008) that prioritize the maximum development of solar markets within states, the Minnesota policy does not incorporate many of the important best practices that may help other states transform their solar energy markets and increase the amount of grid-connected distributed solar generation assets. Reasons cited include the low system size limit of 40kW (the best practices document recommends a 2 MW limit) and a lack of language protecting generators from additional utility fees. This study was conducted to compare Minnesota's policies to national best practices. It provides an overview of the current Minnesota policy in the context of these best practices and other jurisdictions' net metering policies, as well as a qualitative assessment of the impacts of raising the system size cap within the policy based on the experiences of other states.

  1. Customer-Economics of Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Impact of High Renewable Energy Penetrations on Electricity Bill Savings with Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Residential photovoltaic (PV) systems in the US are often compensated at the customer's underlying retail electricity rate through net metering. There is growing interest in understanding how potential changes in rates may impact the value of bill savings from PV. This article uses a production cost and capacity expansion model to project California hourly wholesale electricity market prices under a reference scenario and a 33% renewables scenario. Second, based on the wholesale electricity market prices generated by the model, the article develops retail rates (i.e., flat, time-of-use, and real-time pricing) for each future scenario based on standard retail rate design principles. Finally, based on these retail rates, the bill savings from PV are estimated for 226 California residential customers under two types of net metering, for each scenario. The article finds that high renewable penetrations can drive substantial changes in residential retail rates and that these changes, together with variations in retail rate structures and PV compensation mechanisms, interact to place substantial uncertainty on the future value of bill savings from residential PV.

  2. OglNet

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2010-03-10

    OglNet is designed to capture and visualize network packets as they move from their source to intended destination. This creates a three dimensional representation of an active network and can show misconfigured components, potential security breaches and possible hostile network traffic. This visual representation is customizable by the user and also includes how network components interact with servers around the world. The software is able to process live or real time traffic feeds as wellmore » as offline historical network packet captures. As packets are read into the system, they are processed and visualized in an easy to understand display that includes network names, IP addresses, and global positioning. The software can process and display up to six million packets per second.« less

  3. Road to Net Zero (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glover, B.

    2011-05-01

    A PowerPoint presentation on NREL's Research Support Facility (RSF) and the road to achieving net zero energy for new construction.

  4. SensorNet Node Suite

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2004-09-01

    The software in the SensorNet Node adopts and builds on IEEE 1451 interface principles to read data from and control sensors, stores the data in internal database structures, and transmits it in adapted Web Feature Services protocol packets to the SensorNet database. Failover software ensures that at least one available mode of communication remains alive.

  5. TacNet Tracker Software

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2008-08-04

    The TacNet Tracker will be used for the monitoring and real-time tracking of personnel and assets in an unlimited number of specific applications. The TacNet Tracker software is a VxWorks Operating System based programming package that controls the functionality for the wearable Tracker. One main use of the TacNet Tracker is in Blue Force Tracking, the ability to track the good guys in an adversarial situation or in a force-on-force or real battle conditions. Themore » purpose of blue force tracking is to provide situational awareness to the battlefield commanders and personnel. There are practical military applications with the TacNet Tracker.The mesh network is a wireless IP communications network that moves data packets from source IP addresses to specific destination IP addresses. Addresses on the TacNet infrastructure utilize an 8-bit network mask (255.0.0.0). In other words, valid TacNet addresses range from 10.0.0.1 to 10.254.254.254. The TacNet software design uses uni-cast transmission techniques because earlier mesh network software releases did not provide for the ability to utilize multi-cast data movement. The TacNet design employs a list of addresses to move information within the TacNet infrastructure. For example, a convoy text file containing the IP addresses of all valid receivers of TacNet information could be used for transmitting the information and for limiting transmission to addresses on the list.« less

  6. Net Metering | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    solar energy, wind energy, ocean-thermal energy, geothermal energy, small hydropower, biogas from anaerobic digestion, or fuel cells using any of these energy sources are...

  7. Net Metering | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Wind (All) Biomass Hydroelectric Municipal Solid Waste Combined Heat & Power Wind (Small) Hydroelectric (Small) Other Distributed Generation Technologies Program Info Sector Name...

  8. Net Metering | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the final rules, there was a typographical error related to eligible resources. RM09-10 LSA10-662(ac) corrects the error, clarifying the list of eligible technologies as IC...

  9. Net Metering | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    customers who own or operate systems up to one megawatt (1 MW) in capacity that generate electricity using solar, wind, geothermal, hydro, tidal, wave, biomass, landfill gas,...

  10. City of Brenham- Net Metering

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The ordinance includes a standard form interconnection application and agreement as well as standard riders. Customers must provide all equipment necessary to meet applicable safety, power quality...

  11. City of Danville- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A customer may begin operation of their renewable energy generator once the conditions of interconnection have been met. These include:

  12. Net Zero Energy Installations (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Booth, S.

    2012-05-01

    A net zero energy installation (NZEI) is one that produces as much energy from on-site renewable sources as it consumes. NZEI assessment provides a systematic approach to energy projects.

  13. ,"U.S. Refinery Net Input"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ...petpnpinpt2dcnusmbbla.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, ... Barrels)","U.S. Refinery Net Input of Hydrogen (Thousand Barrels)","U.S. Refinery Net ...

  14. ,"Minnesota Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals ...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Data for" ,"Data 1","Minnesota Natural Gas Underground Storage Net ... 7:00:48 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Minnesota Natural Gas Underground Storage Net ...

  15. SophiNet Version 12

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2012-08-09

    SophiNet Version 12 is part of the code contained in the application ‘oglnet’ and comprises the portions that make ‘oglnet’ receive and display Sophia data from the Sophia Daemon ‘sophiad’. Specifically this encompasses the channel, host and alert receiving and the treeview HUD widget.

  16. American PowerNet | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    PowerNet Jump to: navigation, search Name: American PowerNet Place: Pennsylvania Phone Number: (877) 977-2636 Website: www.americanpowernet.com Outage Hotline: (877) 977-2636...

  17. ,"U.S. Blender Net Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    11:35:13 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Blender Net Production" ...YPBNUSMBBL","MEPPGYPBNUSMBBL" "Date","U.S. Blender Net Production of Crude Oil and ...

  18. ,"U.S. Refinery Net Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    11:34:24 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Refinery Net Production" ...NUS1","MMNRXNUS1","MPGRXNUS1" "Date","U.S. Refinery Net Production of Crude Oil and ...

  19. ,"U.S. Blender Net Input"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    11:31:21 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Blender Net Input" "Sourcekey","MTXRBNUS...NUS1","MO7RBNUS1","MO9RBNUS1" "Date","U.S. Blender Net Input of Total Petroleum ...

  20. ,"California Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: California Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N5070CA2" "Date","California Natural Gas Underground Storage Net ...

  1. ,"U.S. Refinery Net Input"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ...RONUS1","MO9RONUS1","MBARONUS1" "Date","U.S. Refinery Net Input of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products (Thousand Barrels)","U.S. Refinery Net Input of Crude Oil (Thousand ...

  2. ,"U.S. Refinery Net Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    10:25:07 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Refinery Net Production" ...US1","MMNRXNUS1","MPGRXNUS1" "Date","U.S. Refinery Net Production of Crude Oil and ...

  3. ,"U.S. Blender Net Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    10:26:02 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Blender Net Production" ...BNUSMBBL","MEPPGYPBNUSMBBL" "Date","U.S. Blender Net Production of Crude Oil and ...

  4. ,"U.S. Refinery Net Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    10:25:08 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Refinery Net Production" ...US1","MMNRXNUS1","MPGRXNUS1" "Date","U.S. Refinery Net Production of Crude Oil and ...

  5. ,"U.S. Blender Net Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    10:26:03 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Blender Net Production" ...BNUSMBBL","MEPPGYPBNUSMBBL" "Date","U.S. Blender Net Production of Crude Oil and ...

  6. Wire-Net | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Wire-Net Jump to: navigation, search Name: Wire-Net Address: 4855 W. 130th Street, Suite 1 Place: Cleveland, OHio Zip: 44135 Sector: Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Services Phone...

  7. ,"Mississippi Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Mississippi Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)",1,"Monthly","102015" ,"Release...

  8. ,"Pennsylvania Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Pennsylvania Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)",1,"Monthly","102015" ,"Release...

  9. ,"Tennessee Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals ...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Tennessee Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)",1,"Monthly","32006" ,"Release Date:","12...

  10. Millenial Net Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    MA 01803 Sector: Services Product: Millennial Net is a US-based developer of wireless sensor networking software, systems, and services. Coordinates: 44.446275, -108.431704...

  11. NASA Net Zero Energy Buildings Roadmap

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pless, S.; Scheib, J.; Torcellini, P.; Hendron, B.; Slovensky, M.

    2014-10-01

    In preparation for the time-phased net zero energy requirement for new federal buildings starting in 2020, set forth in Executive Order 13514, NASA requested that the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to develop a roadmap for NASA's compliance. NASA detailed a Statement of Work that requested information on strategic, organizational, and tactical aspects of net zero energy buildings. In response, this document presents a high-level approach to net zero energy planning, design, construction, and operations, based on NREL's first-hand experience procuring net zero energy construction, and based on NREL and other industry research on net zero energy feasibility. The strategic approach to net zero energy starts with an interpretation of the executive order language relating to net zero energy. Specifically, this roadmap defines a net zero energy acquisition process as one that sets an aggressive energy use intensity goal for the building in project planning, meets the reduced demand goal through energy efficiency strategies and technologies, then adds renewable energy in a prioritized manner, using building-associated, emission- free sources first, to offset the annual energy use required at the building; the net zero energy process extends through the life of the building, requiring a balance of energy use and production in each calendar year.

  12. TacNet Tracker - Energy Innovation Portal

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PDF Document Publication Market Sheet (877 KB) Technology Marketing SummaryThe TacNet ... ports COTS components and customizable software Lower manufacturing costs Mesh network ...

  13. Working and Net Available Shell Storage Capacity

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ... Source: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-813 "Monthly Crude Oil Report", Form EIA-815 "Monthly Bulk Terminal and Blender Report" PAD Districts 1 EIAWorking and Net ...

  14. Next Update: October 2009 Net Internal

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    entity that oversee electric reliability. * NERC Regional names may be found on the EIA web page for electric reliability. 1. The ReliabilityFirst Corporation value for Net ...

  15. Next Update: December 2011 Net Internal Demand

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    entity that oversee electric reliability. * NERC Regional names may be found on the EIA web page for electric reliability. 1. The ReliabilityFirst Corporation value for Net ...

  16. Next Update: October 2010 Net Internal

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    entity that oversee electric reliability. * NERC Regional names may be found on the EIA web page for electric reliability. 1. The ReliabilityFirst Corporation value for Net ...

  17. VruiNet Version 12(SOPHIA)

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2012-08-09

    VruiNet Version 12 is the code used exclusively by the executable ‘vruinet’. VruiNet Version 12 provides a wrapper around the code for ‘oglnet’ that makes it compatible for VRUI systems such as the CAVE at CAES.

  18. ,"U.S. Blender Net Input"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    10:21:53 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Blender Net Input" "Sourcekey","MTXRBNUS1...US1","MO7RBNUS1","MO9RBNUS1" "Date","U.S. Blender Net Input of Total Petroleum ...

  19. ,"Washington Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"1012015 11:00:57 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Washington Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N5070WA2"...

  20. Definition of a 'Zero Net Energy' Community

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carlisle, N.; Van Geet, O.; Pless, S.

    2009-11-01

    This document provides a definition for a net zero-energy community. A community that offsets all of its energy use from renewables available within the community's built environment.

  1. ARM - Measurement - Longwave broadband net irradiance

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    net irradiance ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Longwave broadband net irradiance The difference between upwelling and downwelling broadband longwave radiation. Categories Radiometric Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available

  2. ARM - Measurement - Net broadband total irradiance

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    govMeasurementsNet broadband total irradiance ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Net broadband total irradiance The difference between upwelling and downwelling, covering longwave and shortwave radiation. Categories Radiometric Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each

  3. ARM - Measurement - Shortwave broadband total net irradiance

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    net irradiance ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Shortwave broadband total net irradiance The difference between upwelling and downwelling broadband shortwave radiation. Categories Radiometric Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available

  4. Instructions for Submitting Document to OpenNet | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Requesting an account to submit documents to OpenNet If you plan to load documents to OpenNet, you must have an OpenNet Logon Name and Password. If you don't already have one, go ...

  5. Wyoming Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (Million...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Wyoming Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct...

  6. Arkansas Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (Million...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Arkansas Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct...

  7. Tennessee Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (Million...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Tennessee Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct...

  8. Wisconsin Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals All...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Net Withdrawals All Operators (Million Cubic Feet) Wisconsin Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals All Operators (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3...

  9. Illinois Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (Million...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Illinois Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct...

  10. East Regions Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    East Regions Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) East Regions Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar...

  11. US Crude Oil Production Surpasses Net Imports | Department of...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    US Crude Oil Production Surpasses Net Imports US Crude Oil Production Surpasses Net Imports Source: Energy Information Administration Short Term Energy Outlook. Chart by Daniel...

  12. US Crude Oil Production Surpasses Net Imports | Department of...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    US Crude Oil Production Surpasses Net Imports US Crude Oil Production Surpasses Net Imports Source: Energy Information Administration Short Term Energy Outlook. Chart by Daniel ...

  13. Designing Hawaii's First LEED Platinum Net Zero Community: Kaupuni...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Designing Hawaii's First LEED Platinum Net Zero Community: Kaupuni Village Designing Hawaii's First LEED Platinum Net Zero Community: Kaupuni Village U.S. Department of Energy ...

  14. ,"Louisiana Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ... Data for" ,"Data 1","Louisiana Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals ...

  15. ,"Virginia Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ... Data for" ,"Data 1","Virginia Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals ...

  16. ,"Minnesota Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ... Data for" ,"Data 1","Minnesota Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals ...

  17. ,"Tennessee Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ... Data for" ,"Data 1","Tennessee Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals ...

  18. ,"Washington Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ... for" ,"Data 1","Washington Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals ...

  19. ,"Missouri Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ... Data for" ,"Data 1","Missouri Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals ...

  20. ,"Maine Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ... Data for" ,"Data 1","Maine Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals ...

  1. ,"New Mexico Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ... for" ,"Data 1","New Mexico Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals ...

  2. ,"Pennsylvania Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ... for" ,"Data 1","Pennsylvania Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals ...

  3. ,"North Carolina Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ... for" ,"Data 1","North Carolina Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals ...

  4. ,"Texas Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ... Data for" ,"Data 1","Texas Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals ...

  5. ,"Oregon Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ... Data for" ,"Data 1","Oregon Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals ...

  6. ,"Maryland Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ... Data for" ,"Data 1","Maryland Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals ...

  7. ,"Nebraska Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ... Data for" ,"Data 1","Nebraska Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals ...

  8. ,"South Dakota Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ... for" ,"Data 1","South Dakota Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals ...

  9. ,"New York Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ... Data for" ,"Data 1","New York Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals ...

  10. ,"New Jersey Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ... for" ,"Data 1","New Jersey Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals ...

  11. ,"Wisconsin Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ... Data for" ,"Data 1","Wisconsin Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals ...

  12. ,"Nevada Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ... Data for" ,"Data 1","Nevada Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals ...

  13. ,"Rhode Island Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ... for" ,"Data 1","Rhode Island Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals ...

  14. ,"New Hampshire Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ... for" ,"Data 1","New Hampshire Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals ...

  15. ,"Massachusetts Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ... for" ,"Data 1","Massachusetts Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals ...

  16. ,"South Carolina Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ... for" ,"Data 1","South Carolina Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals ...

  17. Analysis: Targeting Zero Net Energy - 2014 BTO Peer Review |...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Analysis: Targeting Zero Net Energy - 2014 BTO Peer Review Analysis: Targeting Zero Net Energy - 2014 BTO Peer Review Presenter: Scott Horowitz, National Renewable Energy ...

  18. Army Net Zero: Guide to Renewable Energy Conservation Investment...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Army Net Zero: Guide to Renewable Energy Conservation Investment Program (ECIP) Projects Army Net Zero: Guide to Renewable Energy Conservation Investment Program (ECIP) Projects...

  19. New Jersey Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals All...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Net Withdrawals All Operators (Million Cubic Feet) New Jersey Natural Gas Underground ... Net Withdrawals of Natural Gas from Underground Storage - All Operators New Jersey ...

  20. North Carolina Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Net Withdrawals All Operators (Million Cubic Feet) North Carolina Natural Gas Underground ... Net Withdrawals of Natural Gas from Underground Storage - All Operators North Carolina ...

  1. Minnesota Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (Million...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Minnesota Natural Gas Underground ... Net Withdrawals of Natural Gas from Underground Storage - All Operators Minnesota ...

  2. Progress Energy - Net Metering | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Commercial Industrial Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Federal Government Tribal Government Agricultural Institutional Savings Category Solar...

  3. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Alabama" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",0.529,0.45,0.23,0.19,0.2 "Residential",0.324,0.25,0.145,0.107,0.1 "Commercial",0.205,0.2,0.087,0.085,0.1 "Industrial",0,0,0,0,0 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",86,74,45,25,19 "Residential",70,59,34,15,12 "Commercial",16,15,11,10,7 "Industrial",0,0,0,0,0

  4. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Arkansas" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",3.681,2.927,1.27,0.86,0.55 "Residential",1.843,1.43,1.086,0.718,0.487 "Commercial",1.838,1.497,0.179,0.144,0.052 "Industrial",0,0,0,0,0 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",404,330,260,184,122 "Residential",365,298,240,168,117 "Commercial",39,32,20,16,5 "Industrial",0,0,0,0,0

  5. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Mexico" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",75.542,61.793,37.98,26.65,19.6 "Residential",34.052,25.504,16.995,11.126,7.151 "Commercial",40.944,35.713,20.636,15.173,12.435 "Industrial",0.546,0.576,0.35,0.35,0.02 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",7968,6208,4348,3037,1789 "Residential",7305,5670,3957,2761,1657

  6. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    York" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",312.678,175.579,98.31,70.4,41.47 "Residential",165.349,83.781,50.708,37.822,25.153 "Commercial",143.619,89.631,47.52,32.29,16.318 "Industrial",3.71,2.167,0.08,0.29,0 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",29175,15826,10785,8396,5619 "Residential",25637,13002,8829,7056,4802

  7. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Carolina" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",18.762,10.191,6.17,3.72,10.35 "Residential",8.683,4.661,2.56,1.368,8.591 "Commercial",8.968,5.352,3.604,2.353,1.757 "Industrial",1.111,0.178,0,0,0 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",2215,1244,573,261,163 "Residential",1995,1097,487,224,136 "Commercial",218,146,86,37,27

  8. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Dakota" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",0.256,0.241,0.17,0.08,0.01 "Residential",0.206,0.191,0.114,0.063,0.008 "Commercial",0.05,0.05,0.05,0.02,0 "Industrial",0,0,0,0,0 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",24,22,15,9,2 "Residential",22,20,13,8,2 "Commercial",2,2,2,1,0 "Industrial",0,0,0,0,0

  9. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Ohio" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",65.663,59.06,46.45,19.33,10.37 "Residential",8.624,6.684,4.275,2.701,1.41 "Commercial",51.567,46.952,39.954,16.222,8.929 "Industrial",5.472,5.424,2.211,0.395,0.038 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",2042,1684,1271,899,506 "Residential",1453,1145,814,546,318 "Commercial",552,502,434,344,185

  10. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Oklahoma" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",1.914,1.155,0.66,0.51,0.25 "Residential",1.472,0.779,0.405,0.311,0.163 "Commercial",0.442,0.376,0.253,0.187,0.082 "Industrial",0,0,0,0,0 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",423,243,147,115,60 "Residential",390,220,132,105,54 "Commercial",33,23,15,10,6 "Industrial",0,0,0,0,0

  11. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Oregon" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",70.567,56.208,42.74,31.28,23.11 "Residential",34.851,26.301,20.326,14.076,9.618 "Commercial",33.41,28.319,21.164,16.171,13.015 "Industrial",2.306,1.588,1.242,1.015,0.483 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",9108,7574,6269,4595,3115 "Residential",8086,6651,5514,4022,2730

  12. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Pennsylvania" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",181.733,170.669,155.21,137.1,34.1 "Residential",61.325,58.006,50.406,41.888,19.223 "Commercial",80.43,77.336,75.406,72.164,12.725 "Industrial",39.978,35.327,29.387,23.03,2.149 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",9123,8536,7474,6408,2859 "Residential",7978,7450,6478,5547,2585

  13. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Rhode Island" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",4.701,3.361,2,1.43,1.97 "Residential",1.403,1.205,0.633,0.574,0.535 "Commercial",3.298,2.156,1.37,0.856,1.43 "Industrial",0,0,0,0,0 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",415,260,206,182,169 "Residential",322,187,150,135,128 "Commercial",93,73,56,47,41 "Industrial",0,0,0,0,0

  14. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Carolina" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",3.347,1.885,1.2,0.68,1.38 "Residential",2.609,1.56,1.034,0.604,1.312 "Commercial",0.694,0.322,0.162,0.056,0.065 "Industrial",0.044,0.003,0,0,0 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",691,414,280,164,105 "Residential",634,388,262,155,94 "Commercial",56,25,18,9,11 "Industrial",1,1,0,0,0

  15. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Dakota" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",0.29,0.092,0.09,0.07,0.01 "Residential",0.066,0.02,0.017,0.012,0.005 "Commercial",0.224,0.072,0.072,0.06,0 "Industrial",0,0,0,0,0 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",21,9,9,7,1 "Residential",12,4,4,3,1 "Commercial",9,5,5,4,0 "Industrial",0,0,0,0,0 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0

  16. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Utah" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",31.823,17.151,10.78,5.73,3.45 "Residential",15.261,7.328,3.823,2.643,2.567 "Commercial",14.185,9.073,6.551,3.031,0.864 "Industrial",2.377,0.75,0.381,0.046,0.018 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",3997,2483,1670,1199,795 "Residential",3561,2170,1441,1027,697 "Commercial",406,297,218,167,94

  17. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Vermont" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",31.62,19.874,18.9,8.33,6.32 "Residential",23.926,15.192,14.888,5.361,3.963 "Commercial",7.459,4.485,3.804,2.749,2.193 "Industrial",0.235,0.197,0.197,0.197,0.165 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",3895,2676,2316,1187,827 "Residential",3649,2512,2184,1082,728 "Commercial",241,160,128,101,97

  18. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Virginia" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",16.438,11.378,9.9,6.55,3.68 "Residential",9.285,6.68,5.179,3.987,2.776 "Commercial",6.938,4.596,4.582,2.468,0.788 "Industrial",0.215,0.102,0.123,0.123,0.113 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",2147,1610,1305,992,702 "Residential",1918,1420,1134,875,647 "Commercial",225,188,169,115,53

  19. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Washington" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",36.102,25.428,17.09,10.65,7.38 "Residential",29.204,19.414,12.741,7.424,6.021 "Commercial",6.848,5.974,4.312,3.194,1.314 "Industrial",0.05,0.04,0.024,0.024,0.024 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",6607,4751,3222,2150,1673 "Residential",6067,4299,2857,1884,1490

  20. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    West Virginia" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",2.588,2.163,1.77,0.75,0.3 "Residential",1.985,1.633,1.286,0.495,0.249 "Commercial",0.598,0.524,0.473,0.261,0.043 "Industrial",0.005,0.006,0.006,0,0 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",389,325,245,151,75 "Residential",339,280,210,127,68 "Commercial",49,44,34,24,7

  1. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Wyoming" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",1.785,1.616,1.32,0.99,1.03 "Residential",1.021,0.923,0.754,0.515,0.409 "Commercial",0.551,0.516,0.413,0.323,0.613 "Industrial",0.213,0.177,0.151,0.151,0 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",272,318,215,178,147 "Residential",211,261,173,147,120 "Commercial",54,49,38,27,27

  2. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    United States" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",7096.828,5147.38,3679.63,2495.41,1459.11 "Residential",3452.987,2286.567,1542.226,1024.139,697.89 "Commercial",2933.122,2294.831,1741.821,1089.275,517.861 "Industrial",710.719,565.982,395.328,381.67,243.051 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",688742,480054,323365,219018,150740

  3. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    "Commercial",43.582,29.851,21.913,14.856,7.363 "Industrial",0.235,0.208,0.182,0.212,0.01 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",10997,8507,5219,3775,2501 ...

  4. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ...",0.192,0.16,0.15,0.4,0 "Residential",0.051,0.028,0.014,0.015,0 "Commercial",0.141,0.132,0.132,0.206,0 "Industrial",0,0,0,0.18,0 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",12,10,8,17,0 ...

  5. Duke Energy - Net Metering | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Hydroelectric Landfill Gas Wind (Small) Hydroelectric (Small) Program Info Sector Name Utility Website http:www.duke-energy.comgenerate-your-own-powersc-rate-options-tarif.....

  6. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Alaska" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",0.613,0.401,0.27,0.17,0.01 "Residential",0.417,0.253,0.157,0.1,0.005 "Commercial",0.177,0.129,0.082,0.041,0.008 "Industrial",0.019,0.019,0.028,0.028,0.002 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",138,90,62,39,5 "Residential",110,68,44,27,3 "Commercial",25,19,14,8,1 "Industrial",3,3,4,4,1

  7. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Arizona" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",601.915,447.596,252.66,126.57,120.74 "Residential",314.38,213.628,150.958,76.948,66.022 "Commercial",229.004,201.599,78.694,32.17,41.447 "Industrial",58.531,32.369,23.005,17.453,13.273 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",53510,38281,24277,11328,8443 "Residential",51282,36234,23282,10753,8082

  8. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    California" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",2791.582,2040.944,1536.71,1129.19,790.74 "Residential",1592.605,1054.34,734.319,529.795,362.404 "Commercial",705.45,577.335,524.977,307.782,214.282 "Industrial",493.527,409.269,277.413,291.565,214.033 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",337099,233181,158940,115139,85835

  9. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Colorado" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",257.969,204.61,166.4,129.78,53.43 "Residential",136.39,96.632,70.855,51.233,40.162 "Commercial",120.17,106.727,94.033,77.232,11.868 "Industrial",1.409,1.251,1.504,1.313,1.374 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",27903,20814,16377,12491,9635 "Residential",25197,18362,14098,10622,8386

  10. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Connecticut" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",105.031,64.026,37.39,30.61,3.98 "Residential",47.298,25.608,16.666,13.336,1.465 "Commercial",52.13,35.816,19.387,15.931,1.371 "Industrial",5.603,2.602,1.345,1.345,1.145 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",7904,4461,3092,2471,278 "Residential",7195,3923,2643,2107,247

  11. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Delaware" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",27.237,22.224,19.05,14.1,8.52 "Residential",12.306,8.361,6.918,5.043,3.523 "Commercial",12.353,11.858,10.184,7.13,4.533 "Industrial",2.578,2.005,1.932,1.926,0.465 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",2217,1617,1246,919,783 "Residential",1950,1372,1049,780,651 "Commercial",253,231,189,133,112

  12. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    District of Columbia" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",10.095,7.664,5.44,3.55,1.71 "Residential",5.954,4.141,2.841,1.829,0.94 "Commercial",4.141,3.523,2.603,1.72,0.765 "Industrial",0,0,0,0,0 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",1522,1124,638,418,276 "Residential",1425,1049,586,389,256 "Commercial",97,75,52,29,20

  13. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Florida" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",75.491,58.918,43.82,31.65,20.13 "Residential",36.417,26.769,20.99,17.278,11.39 "Commercial",37.817,31.865,22.754,14.283,8.709 "Industrial",1.257,0.284,0.06,0.06,0 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",8558,6656,5239,3862,2699 "Residential",6778,5175,4167,3263,2369

  14. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Georgia" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",6.209,9.614,7.94,4.8,2.74 "Residential",2.883,2.929,2.066,2.692,2.107 "Commercial",2.416,5.058,4.468,1.78,0.62 "Industrial",0.91,1.627,1.413,0.311,0 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",641,690,556,342,193 "Residential",533,509,398,249,144 "Commercial",100,165,145,89,49

  15. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Hawaii" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",291.115,220.565,121.11,55.38,28.85 "Residential",230.896,173.15,84.817,32.328,13.906 "Commercial",60.219,47.415,36.298,23.044,14.939 "Industrial",0,0,0,0,0 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",51895,40511,22264,9785,4302 "Residential",49946,39008,21007,9129,3905

  16. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Idaho" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",3.685,2.836,2.22,1.57,0.31 "Residential",1.897,1.37,1.016,0.594,0.212 "Commercial",1.788,1.466,1.186,0.94,0.106 "Industrial",0,0,0.001,0.032,0.001 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",548,428,349,207,76 "Residential",439,331,265,180,66 "Commercial",109,97,83,24,9 "Industrial",0,0,1,3,1

  17. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Illinois" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",9.99,5.167,4.35,2.74,1.05 "Residential",4.524,2.88,2.626,1.808,0.75 "Commercial",5.336,2.157,1.725,0.938,0.301 "Industrial",0.13,0.13,0,0,0 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",927,716,682,506,233 "Residential",749,535,544,414,210 "Commercial",175,178,138,92,23 "Industrial",3,3,0,0,0

  18. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Indiana" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",5.139,3.331,2.19,1.32,0.56 "Residential",3.565,2.223,1.127,0.716,0.366 "Commercial",1.558,1.082,1.06,0.602,0.168 "Industrial",0.016,0.026,0.01,0,0.005 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",736,551,335,238,131 "Residential",629,454,260,180,90 "Commercial",106,95,74,58,40

  19. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Iowa" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",20.568,5.998,1.77,0.65,9.43 "Residential",8.343,2.885,0.794,0.268,9.289 "Commercial",11.676,2.91,0.947,0.373,0.116 "Industrial",0.549,0.203,0.036,0,0 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",1448,534,148,79,65 "Residential",880,388,111,59,49 "Commercial",543,136,35,20,16

  20. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Kansas" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",2.617,1.36,0.92,0.61,0 "Residential",1.364,0.576,0.324,0.206,0.004 "Commercial",1.253,0.784,0.588,0.405,0 "Industrial",0,0,0,0,0 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",326,164,106,76,2 "Residential",265,124,75,49,2 "Commercial",61,40,31,27,0 "Industrial",0,0,0,0,0

  1. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Kentucky" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",2.612,1.834,1.37,1.14,0.51 "Residential",1.384,0.838,0.534,0.397,0.23 "Commercial",1.228,0.996,0.83,0.733,0.282 "Industrial",0,0,0,0,0 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",412,330,254,208,122 "Residential",355,284,221,180,100 "Commercial",57,46,33,28,22 "Industrial",0,0,0,0,0

  2. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Louisiana" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",88.904,51.156,23.19,8.44,6.25 "Residential",85.823,48.69,21.418,7.73,5.521 "Commercial",3.081,2.466,1.755,0.697,0.716 "Industrial",0,0,0,0,0 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",16305,9569,3899,1287,1656 "Residential",15571,9111,3835,1245,1512 "Commercial",734,458,64,42,144

  3. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Maine" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",10.883,7.74,5.04,5.95,2.57 "Residential",7.551,5.696,3.558,4.263,1.907 "Commercial",3.306,2.018,1.464,1.687,0.655 "Industrial",0.026,0.026,0.026,0,0 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",1703,1344,967,683,446 "Residential",1519,1210,850,584,379 "Commercial",183,133,116,99,67

  4. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Maryland" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",152.271,105.226,65.82,36.92,11.06 "Residential",69.546,36.071,22.582,11.629,5.159 "Commercial",78.128,66.138,42.245,24.284,5.891 "Industrial",4.597,3.017,1,1,0 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",11277,6596,4146,2456,1155 "Residential",10675,6066,3734,2236,1051

  5. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Massachusetts" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",577.703,278.065,123.77,59.72,43.84 "Residential",119.594,54.325,25.025,13.334,18.958 "Commercial",434.013,203.506,86.325,38.241,23.26 "Industrial",24.096,20.234,12.398,8.133,1.617 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",21628,11468,6109,3886,2829 "Residential",19246,9742,4884,2997,2142

  6. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Michigan" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",13.915,11.493,8.69,5.54,3.42 "Residential",7.853,6.351,4.86,3.581,2.837 "Commercial",5.551,4.63,3.724,1.913,0.54 "Industrial",0.511,0.512,0.103,0.047,0.033 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",1612,1299,996,769,383 "Residential",1299,1032,807,624,331 "Commercial",300,254,184,142,48

  7. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Minnesota" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",17.355,11.209,8.87,4.07,8.13 "Residential",6.922,5.001,3.851,2.302,5.203 "Commercial",9.516,5.728,4.484,1.505,2.774 "Industrial",0.917,0.48,0.52,0.25,0.114 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",1575,1172,970,613,608 "Residential",1156,879,723,487,489 "Commercial",390,277,230,117,107

  8. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Mississippi" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",0.663,0.077,0.04,0.03,0 "Residential",0.553,0.077,0.036,0.024,0 "Commercial",0.11,0,0,0,0 "Industrial",0,0,0,0,0 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",23,13,5,4,0 "Residential",21,13,5,4,0 "Commercial",2,0,0,0,0 "Industrial",0,0,0,0,0 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0

  9. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Missouri" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",97.377,42.797,14.7,4.31,1.21 "Residential",40.811,21.508,6.129,1.602,0.786 "Commercial",55.989,21.115,8.547,2.693,0.424 "Industrial",0.577,0.174,0.03,0,0 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",6105,2930,1260,512,200 "Residential",3581,1929,834,345,167 "Commercial",2505,994,425,167,33

  10. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Montana" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",5.634,7.52,3.57,2.29,2.18 "Residential",3.822,5.939,2.303,1.37,1.337 "Commercial",1.812,1.581,1.268,0.917,0.833 "Industrial",0,0,0,0,0 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",1383,1174,1010,676,664 "Residential",1109,930,795,508,497 "Commercial",274,244,215,168,167 "Industrial",0,0,0,0,0

  11. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Nebraska" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",0.855,0.651,0.55,0.19,0.08 "Residential",0.573,0.399,0.243,0.106,0.041 "Commercial",0.216,0.18,0.297,0.034,0.03 "Industrial",0.066,0.072,0.012,0.047,0.008 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",133,104,73,32,13 "Residential",101,73,51,22,7 "Commercial",28,26,19,6,4

  12. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Nevada" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",59.397,44.618,41.66,28.33,0.02 "Residential",23.045,10.101,8.529,6.356,0.027 "Commercial",28.269,27.322,26.859,17.837,0 "Industrial",8.083,7.195,6.274,4.141,0 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",4727,2500,2265,1663,13 "Residential",4198,1972,1757,1276,13 "Commercial",461,471,453,340,0

  13. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Hampshire" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",12.986,8.565,5.07,3.05,1.88 "Residential",8.347,5.005,2.668,1.791,1.223 "Commercial",4.165,3.064,2.097,0.959,0.343 "Industrial",0.474,0.496,0.293,0.299,0.313 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",1899,1353,780,584,406 "Residential",1650,1155,647,481,343 "Commercial",239,188,125,94,31

  14. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2014

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Jersey" "Technology by sector", 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010 "Photovoltaic",,,,, "Capacity (MW)",867.839,777.626,669.2,441.4,149.5 "Residential",207.295,161.917,129.036,85.734,40.127 "Commercial",610.222,578.461,506.592,327.977,101.744 "Industrial",50.322,37.248,33.572,27.688,7.629 "Transportation",0,0,0,0,0 "Customers",32689,25802,19205,12907,7481 "Residential",28473,21780,15755,10576,6156

  15. Ontological Annotation with WordNet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sanfilippo, Antonio P.; Tratz, Stephen C.; Gregory, Michelle L.; Chappell, Alan R.; Whitney, Paul D.; Posse, Christian; Paulson, Patrick R.; Baddeley, Bob; Hohimer, Ryan E.; White, Amanda M.

    2006-06-06

    Semantic Web applications require robust and accurate annotation tools that are capable of automating the assignment of ontological classes to words in naturally occurring text (ontological annotation). Most current ontologies do not include rich lexical databases and are therefore not easily integrated with word sense disambiguation algorithms that are needed to automate ontological annotation. WordNet provides a potentially ideal solution to this problem as it offers a highly structured lexical conceptual representation that has been extensively used to develop word sense disambiguation algorithms. However, WordNet has not been designed as an ontology, and while it can be easily turned into one, the result of doing this would present users with serious practical limitations due to the great number of concepts (synonym sets) it contains. Moreover, mapping WordNet to an existing ontology may be difficult and requires substantial labor. We propose to overcome these limitations by developing an analytical platform that (1) provides a WordNet-based ontology offering a manageable and yet comprehensive set of concept classes, (2) leverages the lexical richness of WordNet to give an extensive characterization of concept class in terms of lexical instances, and (3) integrates a class recognition algorithm that automates the assignment of concept classes to words in naturally occurring text. The ensuing framework makes available an ontological annotation platform that can be effectively integrated with intelligence analysis systems to facilitate evidence marshaling and sustain the creation and validation of inference models.

  16. Automating Ontological Annotation with WordNet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sanfilippo, Antonio P.; Tratz, Stephen C.; Gregory, Michelle L.; Chappell, Alan R.; Whitney, Paul D.; Posse, Christian; Paulson, Patrick R.; Baddeley, Bob L.; Hohimer, Ryan E.; White, Amanda M.

    2006-01-22

    Semantic Web applications require robust and accurate annotation tools that are capable of automating the assignment of ontological classes to words in naturally occurring text (ontological annotation). Most current ontologies do not include rich lexical databases and are therefore not easily integrated with word sense disambiguation algorithms that are needed to automate ontological annotation. WordNet provides a potentially ideal solution to this problem as it offers a highly structured lexical conceptual representation that has been extensively used to develop word sense disambiguation algorithms. However, WordNet has not been designed as an ontology, and while it can be easily turned into one, the result of doing this would present users with serious practical limitations due to the great number of concepts (synonym sets) it contains. Moreover, mapping WordNet to an existing ontology may be difficult and requires substantial labor. We propose to overcome these limitations by developing an analytical platform that (1) provides a WordNet-based ontology offering a manageable and yet comprehensive set of concept classes, (2) leverages the lexical richness of WordNet to give an extensive characterization of concept class in terms of lexical instances, and (3) integrates a class recognition algorithm that automates the assignment of concept classes to words in naturally occurring text. The ensuing framework makes available an ontological annotation platform that can be effectively integrated with intelligence analysis systems to facilitate evidence marshaling and sustain the creation and validation of inference models.

  17. Chapter 17: Estimating Net Savings: Common Practices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Violette, D. M.; Rathbun, P.

    2014-09-01

    This chapter focuses on the methods used to estimate net energy savings in evaluation, measurement, and verification (EM&V) studies for energy efficiency (EE) programs. The chapter provides a definition of net savings, which remains an unsettled topic both within the EE evaluation community and across the broader public policy evaluation community, particularly in the context of attribution of savings to particular program. The chapter differs from the measure-specific Uniform Methods Project (UMP) chapters in both its approach and work product. Unlike other UMP resources that provide recommended protocols for determining gross energy savings, this chapter describes and compares the current industry practices for determining net energy savings, but does not prescribe particular methods.

  18. Working and Net Available Shell Storage Capacity

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Working and Net Available Shell Storage Capacity May 2016 With Data as of March 31, 2016 Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Working and Net Available Shell Storage Capacity as of March 31, 2016 This report was prepared by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. By law, EIA's data, analyses, and forecasts are

  19. Bragg Experimental SensorNet Testbed (BEST)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gorman, Bryan

    2010-01-25

    The principal causative objectives of BEST were to consolidate the 9-1-1 and emergency response services into an Integrated Incident Management Center (I2MC) and to establish an 'Interoperability framework' based on SensorNet protocols to allow additional components to be added to the I2MC over time.

  20. NASA Net Zero Energy Buildings Roadmap

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Net Zero Energy Buildings Roadmap Shanti Pless, DOE NREL Wayne Thalasinos, NASA http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy15osti/60838.pdf FEDERAL UTILITY PARTNERSHIP WORKING GROUP SEMINAR November 5-6, 2014 Cape Canaveral. Florida Hosted by: ARC JPL AFRC JSC SSC KSC MSFC LaRC HQ GSFC GRC PBS MAF WFF WSTF GDSCC Field Centers & Component Facilities Sustain- able Design Policy Since 2003 Executive Order 13514 Goals "... establish an integrated strategy towards sustainability in the Federal Government

  1. Method for net-shaping using aerogels

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Brinker, C. Jeffrey; Ashey, Carol S.; Reed, Scott T.; Sriram, Chunangad S.; Harris, Thomas M.

    2001-01-01

    A method of net-shaping using aerogel materials is provided by first forming a sol, aging the sol to form a gel, with the gel having a fluid component and having been formed into a medium selected from the group consisting of a powder, bulk material, or granular aerobeads, derivatizing the surface of the gel to render the surface unreactive toward further condensation, removing a portion of the fluid component of the final shaped gel to form a partially dried medium, placing the medium into a cavity, wherein the volume of said medium is less that the volume of the cavity, and removing a portion of the fluid component of the medium. The removal, such as by heating at a temperature of approximately less than 50.degree. C., applying a vacuum, or both, causes the volume of the medium to increase and to form a solid aerogel. The material can be easily removed by exposing the material to a solvent, thereby reducing the volume of the material. In another embodiment, the gel is derivatized and then formed into a shaped medium, where subsequent drying reduces the volume of the shaped medium, forming a net-shaping material. Upon further drying, the material increases in volume to fill a cavity. The present invention is both a method of net-shaping and the material produced by the method.

  2. ,"Oklahoma Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Oklahoma Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N5070OK2" "Date","Oklahoma Natural Gas Underground Storage Net ...

  3. American PowerNet (Maine) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    PowerNet (Maine) Jump to: navigation, search Name: American PowerNet Place: Maine Phone Number: (877) 977-2636 Website: americanpowernet.com Outage Hotline: (877) 977-2636...

  4. Net Zero Energy Military Installations: A Guide to Assessment...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Net Zero Energy Military Installations: A Guide to Assessment and Planning Net Zero Energy Military Installations: A Guide to Assessment and Planning In 2008, DoD and DOE defined a ...

  5. Iowa Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (Million...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Iowa Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov...

  6. Instructions for Submitting Document to OpenNet | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    an OpenNet Logon Name and Password. If you don't already have one, go to the OpenNet web site at: http:www.osti.govopennet. Click on the LOGIN link on the top right. Read...

  7. ,"Texas Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    7:00:51 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Texas Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N5070TX2" "Date","Texas Natural Gas Underground Storage Net ...

  8. ,"Virginia Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: Virginia Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N5070VA2" "Date","Virginia Natural Gas Underground Storage Net ...

  9. ,"New Mexico Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ...","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New Mexico Natural Gas Underground Storage Net ... 8:29:16 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New Mexico Natural Gas Underground Storage Net ...

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    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ...","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New York Natural Gas Underground Storage Net ... 8:29:17 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New York Natural Gas Underground Storage Net ...