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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "net global warming" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

global warming's six indias  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

global warming's six indias: An Audience Segmentation Analysis #12;Global Warming's Six Indias 1............................................................................................................................................20 2. Global Warming Beliefs and Attitudes................................................................................ 21 Knowledge about global warming varies widely by group

Haller, Gary L.

2

Global Warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The greenhouse effect is the process in which the absorption of infrared radiation by an atmosphere warms aplanet. The effect occurs naturally to keep Earth's surface warm. However, the anthropogenic greenhouse...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

QUESTIONS ABOUT GLOBAL WARMING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

QUESTIONS ABOUT GLOBAL WARMING ¥IS IT REAL? ¥IS IT IMPORTANT? ¥WHAT IS IT DUE TO? ¥HOW MUCH MORE in the atmosphere, giving Earth its temperate climate. Global Atmosphere, Global Warming GLOBAL TEMPERATURE TREND?t a cure for global warming! Aerosols only last a short while in the atmosphere, they would have

4

Local effects of global warming.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Currently, global warming is a focus of attention. In order to scientifically evaluate evidence about global warming, and prove the existence of global warming, this (more)

Lu, Jun

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Combined effects of nitrogen fertilization and biochar on the net global warming potential, greenhouse gas intensity and net ecosystem economic budget in intensive vegetable agriculture in southeastern China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Field experiments were conducted to determine the effects of nitrogen (N) fertilization and biochar addition on the net global warming potential (net GWP), greenhouse gas intensity (GHGI) and net ecosystem economic budget (NEEB). These experiments were conducted in an intensive vegetable field with 4 consecutive vegetable crops in 2012 and 2013 in southeastern China. The experiment was conducted with a 32 factorial design in triplicate at N fertilizer rates of 0, 1475, 1967kgNha?1 and biochar rates of 0, 20, and 40tha?1. Although CH4 emissions were not obviously affected by N fertilization, N2O emissions increased by 27.2116.2% and the net GWP increased by 30.6307.2%. Consequently, the GHGI increased significantly, but vegetable yield and the NEEB did not improve. Furthermore, biochar amendments did not significantly influence CH4 emissions, but significantly decreased the N2O emissions by 1.725.4%, the net GWP by 89.6700.5%, and the GHGI by 89.5644.8%. In addition, vegetable yields significantly increased by 2.174.1%, which improved the NEEB. Thus, N fertilization did not increase vegetable yields or the NEEB. However, N fertilization did increase the net GWP and GHGI. In contrast, biochar additions resulted in lower N2O emissions and net GWP and GHGI, but increased vegetable yield and the NEEB in the intensive vegetable production system. Therefore, appropriate biochar amendment should be studied to combat changing climate and to improve the economic profits of vegetable production.

B. Li; C.H. Fan; H. Zhang; Z.Z. Chen; L.Y. Sun; Z.Q. Xiong

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Cows Causing Global Warming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Broadcast Transcript: Remember when President Reagan blamed trees for air pollution? Well now the Japanese are blaming cows for global warming. Apparently, the methane emissions from burping cows account for 5% of all global greenhouse gases. Simple...

Hacker, Randi

2008-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

7

Forecasting phenology under global warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Forrest Forecasting phenology under global warming Ines Ibanez 1 * Richard B. Primack...and site-specific responses to global warming. We found that for most species...climate change|East Asia, global warming|growing season, hierarchical...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

ARM - Lesson Plans: Global Warming  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Plans: Global Warming Objective The objective is to understand the enhanced greenhouse effect and the effects of global warming. Important Points to Understand If the...

9

Impacts of Global Warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The 2001 Inter-governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Report provides not merely 1, but 19 separate chapters on the impacts of global warming, comprising over 1,000 pages of descriptions...

Donald Rapp

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Original article Predicted global warming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Original article Predicted global warming and Douglas-fir chilling requirements DD McCreary1 DP to predicted global warming. Douglas-fir / chilling / global warming / bud burst / reforestation Résumé offer evidence that mean global warming of 3-4 °C could occur within the next century, particularly

Boyer, Edmond

11

Effects of long-term straw incorporation on the net global warming potential and the net economic benefit in a ricewheat cropping system in China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Straw incorporation has multiple effects on greenhouse gas emissions and soil productivity. However, few studies have comprehensively evaluated the effects of long-term straw incorporation. An ongoing long-term straw incorporation experiment in a ricewheat cropping system in China was established in 1990 and was used in the present study to evaluate the net global warming potential (NGWP) and the net economic benefit (NEB) of the straw return. The following four field treatments were included: a control (CK); N, P and K fertilization (NPK); fertilization plus a moderate rate of straw application (NPKS1); and fertilization plus a high rate of straw application (NPKS2). We calculated the increase in the soil organic carbon (SOC) and the straw-induced emissions of CH4 and N2O, which were expressed as the global warming potential (GWP) in units of CO2-equivalent (CO2-eq) at the 100-year scale. The straw-induced NEB was defined as the difference between the economic income, which was calculated by multiplying the increase in straw-induced crop grain yield by the grain price, and the economic loss was computed by multiplying the increase in straw-induced CO2-eq emissions by the carbon price. The results showed that long-term straw incorporation significantly increased the CH4 emissions and the topsoil SOC density. The GWP of the straw-induced CH4 emissions was 3.213.92 times that of the straw-induced SOC sequestration rate, suggesting that long-term direct straw incorporation in the ricewheat systems worsens rather than mitigates the climate change. Additionally, continuous straw incorporation slightly enhanced the rice and wheat grain yields, contributing to the production of the NEB. We determined that under the current carbon price, ranging from 2.55 to 31.71 EUR per ton CO2-eq, the direct straw incorporation will produce a positive NEB, ranging from 156 to 658 RMBha?1year?1, if the grain yield prices do not fluctuate, which does not provide a significant incentive for farmers to change from their traditional direct straw incorporation pattern. Considering the other benefits that the straw application produced, such as improving soil fertility and the water retention capacity, we recommend that the government should establish an incentive for ecological compensation to encourage farmers to implement proper straw incorporation, such as composting straw under aerobic conditions before application.

Longlong Xia; Shuwei Wang; Xiaoyuan Yan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Ozone Depletion and Global Warming.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Abstract This thesis examines global warming and the possible contribution that ozone depletion provides to this warming. An examination is performed to determine the extent (more)

Fow, Alista John

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

global warming's six americas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vehicles & Solar Panels 23 Regulating CO2 as a Pollutant 24 A 20 Percent National Renewable Energy Standard the spring and fall of 2012. Perceived Benefits and Costs of Reducing Fossil Fuel Use and Global Warming Introduction 5 The Six Americas Audience Segments 6 Changes in the Size of Segments 7 Perceived Benefits

Haller, Gary L.

14

Heat Waves, Global Warming, and Mitigation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Heat Waves, Global Warming, and Mitigation Ann E. Carlson*2008]HEAT WAVES, GLOBAL WARMING, AND MITIGATION 175 stroke2001). 2008]HEAT WAVES, GLOBAL WARMING, AND MITIGATION 177

Carlson, Ann E.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Global Warming, endogenous risk and irreversibility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The economics of global warming, Institute for InternationalEconomic Models of Global Warming, Cambridge, Mass. MITstochastic losses from global warming, Risk Analysis 16(2):

Fisher, Anthony C.; Narain, Urvashi

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

4, 10591092, 2007 Global warming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BGD 4, 1059­1092, 2007 Global warming potential of agro-ecosystems S. Lehuger et al. Title Page Predicting the global warming potential of agro-ecosystems S. Lehuger, B. Gabrielle, E. Larmanou, P. Laville Correspondence to: S. Lehuger (simon.lehuger@grignon.inra.fr) 1059 #12;BGD 4, 1059­1092, 2007 Global warming

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

17

Background: Global Warming, 2009 1. Unequivocally, the climate is warming. Natural systems are affected.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Background: Global Warming, 2009 1. Unequivocally, the climate is warming. Natural systems are affected. 2. Very likely (>90% certainty), humans are causing most of the warming. 3. No single technology are very likely to impose net annual costs, which will increase over time as global temperatures increase

Minnesota, University of

18

The potential to mitigate global warming with no-tillage management is only realized when practised in the long term  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The potential to mitigate global warming with no-tillageNT adoption reduces the net global warming potential (GWP)soil for purposes of global warming mitigation. Our results

Six, J; Ogle, S M; Breidt, F J; Conant, R T; Mosier, A R; Paustian, K

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Understanding Public Perceptions of Global Warming.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In this dissertation, I investigate the determinants on Americans perceptions of global warming and individuals environmentally significant behaviors to reduce global warming. Specially, I examine (more)

Shao, Wanyun

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

GLOBAL WARMING THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GLOBAL WARMING THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT AND YOUR FAMILY'S CONTRIBUTION TO IT Stephen E. Schwartz GREENHOUSE EFFECT #12;GLOBAL ENERGY BALANCE Global and annual average energy fluxes in watts per square meter about it.But nobody does anything about it. ­ Mark Twain­ Mark Twain Now with the greenhouse effect, we

Schwartz, Stephen E.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "net global warming" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Global Warming and Extreme Weather  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Global Warming and Extreme Weather Global Warming and Extreme Weather Speaker(s): Michael Wehner Date: November 28, 2006 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Surabi Menon Extreme weather events can have serious impacts on human and ecological systems. Changes in the magnitude and frequency of extreme weather associated with changes in the mean climate are likely the most serious consequence of human induced global warming. Understanding what the future portends is vital if society hopes to adapt to the very different world that awaits. In this talk, we will exploit simple extreme value theory to make predictions about the late 21st century climate. Current work on the relationship between global warming and the hurricane cycle will also be presented. The bottom line is that events that are considered rare today

22

The Psychology of Global Warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The evidence in support of global warming and the lack of significant published evidence to the contrary provides an extraordinarily strong foundation for the scientific community's call for action on greenhouse gas emissions. However, public ...

Ben R. Newell; Andrew J. Pitman

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Global Warming: A Science Overview  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fossil fuels (i.e., coal, oil, and natural gas) provide about ... various control efforts and to the problem of global warming, which is now being considered by governments ... six key aspects of the scientific f...

Michael C. MacCracken

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

2418 global warming [n  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

met....(Since 1860 and especially since the early 1970s, the progressive increase in the average temperature of the atmosphere close to Earth and of the oceans, as well as the further warming expecte...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

PRINT ONLY: GLOBAL WARMING Alexeev V. A.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PRINT ONLY: GLOBAL WARMING Alexeev V. A. Global Warming: 0.6°C or Less? [#1035] The peculiarities of global warming on the Earth during the last century are discussed. Lunar and Planetary Science XXXVIII (2007) full818.pdf #12;GLOBAL WARMING: 0.6 OR LESS? V.A.Alexeev; Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry

Rathbun, Julie A.

26

Case Study #1 "The Global Warming Debate"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CHEM 001A Case Study #1 "The Global Warming Debate" Global warming is one of the most contentious issues of our time. There is an ongoing debate about whether global warming is caused by human activity.S., and because the scientific evidence used to determine if global warming is man-made is so difficult

Reed, Christopher A.

27

GLOBAL WARMING THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GLOBAL WARMING THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT AND YOUR FAMILY'S CONTRIBUTION TO IT Stephen E. Schwartz September 22, 2004 http://www.ecd.bnl.gov/steve/schwartz.html #12;#12;THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT #12;GLOBAL does anything about it. ­ Mark Twain­ Mark Twain Now with the greenhouse effect, we ARE doing something

Schwartz, Stephen E.

28

Global Warming Potential and Global Warming Commitment Concepts in the Assessment of Climate Radiative Forcing Effects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Global Warming Potential (GWP) and Radiative Forcing (RF ... CS) and Individual (IS) schemes. The Global Warming Commitment (GWC) is calculated by the...

Igor L. Karol; Victor A. Frolkis

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Cosmic Rays and Global Warming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It has been claimed by others that observed temporal correlations of terrestrial cloud cover with `the cosmic ray intensity' are causal. The possibility arises, therefore, of a connection between cosmic rays and Global Warming. If true, the implications would be very great. We have examined this claim to look for evidence to corroborate it. So far we have not found any and so our tentative conclusions are to doubt it. Such correlations as appear are more likely to be due to the small variations in solar irradiance, which, of course, correlate with cosmic rays. We estimate that less than 15% of the 11-year cycle warming variations are due to cosmic rays and less than 2% of the warming over the last 35 years is due to this cause.

T. Sloan; A W Wolfendale

2007-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

30

An Explanation of Global Warming without Supercomputing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Explanation of Global Warming without Supercomputing K. Miyazaki E-mail: miyazakiro that the climate sensitivity never exceeds 6 C. Consequently, the anthropogenic global warming is severely limited be calculated in simple terms. Global warming is like that." However, there will be not a few physicists who do

31

An Explanation of Global Warming without Supercomputing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Explanation of Global Warming without Supercomputing (revised version) K. Miyazaki E that the anthropogenic global warming is severely limited because the Earth is a water planet. 1 Introduction Now,2,3] on this anthropogenic global warming (AGW) is essentially based on the results of elaborate and enormous computer

32

5 - Consequences of Global Warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter looks at different areas of risk associated with the onset of global warming. The first risk area refers to pathogens and diseases. We first discuss perspectives on disease spread, and focus on the role played by globalization and the current livestock revolution strongly affected by large-scale processes of urbanization. We then discuss zoonoses, or diseases that are passed between humans and other animals, and identify 11 kinds of zoonoses associated with global warming. Although not a zoonose, malaria is also discussed. Patterns of transmission associated with warming tend to be poleward, and small changes in temperature can produce large changes in disease vectors to higher latitudes. A brief presentation of the history of malaria shows how it has had a substantial effect on conflicts in the past, particularly the US Civil War (18611865) and World War I. It has been famously suggested that World War I ended because of the spread of Swine Flu, decimating the Axis troops and rendering many units unable to continue fighting. AIDS is presented as a contemporary example of the way in which diseases can profoundly undermine the capacity of a country to provide security and state leadership, and undercut international peacekeeping activities.

John P. Crank; Linda S. Jacoby

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

2 - What Is Global Warming?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this chapter, we introduce students to the basic notion of global warming. We begin with a discussion of the historical ordinariness of global temperature swings, reviewing patterns of temperature changes across glaciations in the most recent glacial period. This is followed by a discussion of the nature of greenhouse gases, how they heat the planet, and the centrality of CO2 in the production of weather. The earths energy budget is presented as a chart that illustrates how various elements of the planet and its atmosphere interact to arrive at average temperatures. Following this is a discussion of human-created sources of greenhouse gases heating the planet, and here we introduce the concept of climate forcings, or external variables that are responsible for causing global temperature increases (or decreases). Primary and secondary feedbacks are shown as mechanisms in which warming, once it reaches a certain level, tends to become self-fulfilling, increasing the rate and level of heating beyond human capacity to intervene. Critical tipping points, or points at which fundamental changes in the climate will occur, are followed by a discussion of climate sensitivity, which is the assessment of the amount of temperature increase associated with increments of greenhouse gases. Finally, we ask how hot will it get, and close with a discussion of overall heating capacity for short- and long-term periods and a discussion of the duration of greenhouse gases, once introduced into the atmosphere.

John P. Crank; Linda S. Jacoby

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Soil degradation, global warming and climate impacts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

will demonstrate one methodology for assessing the potential large-scale impacts of soil degradation on African climates and water resources. In addition it will compare and contrast these impacts to those expected from global warming and compare impacts for differ...- ent watershed regions on the continent. 2. METHODS In order to make a similar comparison between pro- jected climate change scenarios due to global warming Inter-Research 2001 *E-mail: feddema@ku.edu Soil degradation, global warming and climate...

Feddema, Johannes J.; Freire, Sergio Carneiro

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

The political economy of global warming.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The science is unequivocal: the Earths biosphere is approaching global warming tipping points which, if passed, will become irreversible, taking the planet on a trajectory (more)

Weston, Delys E.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Hotel energy use contributes to global warming.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Before learning about the consequences of global warming and the efforts hotels are making to reverse the effects, it is important to get a better (more)

Faja, Christine

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Heat Waves, Global Warming, and Mitigation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Heat Waves, Global Warming, and Mitigation Ann E. Carlson*II. HEAT WAVE DEFINITIONS .. A . HCHANGE AND HEAT WAVES .. CLIMATE III. IV. HEAT

Carlson, Ann E.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Abating Global Warming for Fun and Profit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abating global warming is generally profitable, without counting the avoided cost of adapting, or failing to adapt, to possible climatic change.

A. B. Lovins

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

ARM - Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Just for Fun Meet our Friends Cool Sites Teachers Teachers' Toolbox Lesson Plans Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming The Greenhouse Effect refers to a naturally occurring...

40

Heat Waves, Global Warming, and Mitigation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Heat Waves, Global Warming, and Mitigation Ann E. Carlson*II. HEAT WAVE DEFINITIONS .. A . HW aves B. Heat-related

Carlson, Ann E.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "net global warming" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

WHAT'S IN A NAME? GLOBAL WARMING VERSUS CLIMATE CHANGE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WHAT'S IN A NAME? GLOBAL WARMING VERSUS CLIMATE CHANGE May 2014 #12;What's In A Name? Global Warming vs. Climate Change 1 TABLE OF CONTENTS PREFACE NATIONAL SURVEY STUDY 2: GLOBAL WARMING VS. CLIMATE CHANGE............................ 10 Is global

Haller, Gary L.

42

Projected range contractions of montane biodiversity under global warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of montane biodiversity under global warming Frank A. La Sorte 1 * Walter...are likely to experience under global warming and highlight the need for additional...extinction risk|geographical range|global warming|mountain biodiversity| 1...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

The Impact of Global Warming and Air Pollution on Patient Visits in the Emergency Department  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Review The Impact sf Global Warming and 1 Air pollution onair pollution problems and global warming will effect thesites in the human body. Global Warming Global warming goes

Derlet, Robert W

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Thermodynamic Evaluation of Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Thermodynamic Evaluation of Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants - 2013 Peer Review Thermodynamic Evaluation of Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants - 2013 Peer Review...

45

Working Fluids Low Global Warming Potential Refrigerants - 2013...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Working Fluids Low Global Warming Potential Refrigerants - 2013 Peer Review Working Fluids Low Global Warming Potential Refrigerants - 2013 Peer Review Emerging Technologies...

46

Global Warming Effects on Us Hurricane Damage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

While many studies of the effects of global warming on hurricanes predict an increase in various metrics of Atlantic basin-wide activity, it is less clear that this signal will emerge from background noise in measures of ...

Emanuel, Kerry Andrew

47

Innovation and the dynamics of global warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Global warming and the carbon cycle are a dynamic system with positive feedbacks. Fossil fuels are exhaustible resources. These two facts mean that innovation in clean energy technology, rather than mitigating global warming, can lead to a permanently higher temperature path. This paper explores the impact of innovation in the simplest model linking the economic theory of exhaustible resources with positive feedback dynamics in the carbon cycle.

Ralph A. Winter

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Advertising, economic development, and global warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Advertising is tied to global warming through an endogenous growth model. The model allows for the possibility that the environment can become a source rather than a sink for greenhouse gases. Optimal control analysis of the model shows that a feasible steady state is possible for which the environment remains a sink, and identifies a sufficient condition for such to be the case. Comparative-static analysis shows that, for sufficiently small values of steady-state anthropogenic greenhouse gas concentration, global surface temperature and advertising in steady state are negative functions of parameters that measure the damaging effects of global warming.

Gary M. Erickson

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

1 - The Challenges of Global Warming Research  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter focuses on two items. First, it addresses the issue of global warming in a hostile political environment. Second, it looks at what might be called the basic research element connecting global warming to crime: research on the relationship between crime and weather. The first item addresses the nature of research itselfhow do we recognize when research is any good? There is a great deal of bad and misleading research on global warming. How do we know which is bad and which is good? The chapter begins with a discussion of three articles on Greenland melt-off, each with quite different implications, and discusses how to tell which is a legitimate research summary and which is not. It then provides a discussion of what constitutes good research generally and what one should look for when research is poorly done or intentionally misleading. For the second item, global warming and crime, we begin with a discussion of the difference between climate and weather. Much of this section is a review of Cohns work on temperature, crime, and violent crime. We also discuss the Ranson model, which provides a good description of the way in which crime can be modeled and predicted using data and research methods derived from the global warming literature.

John P. Crank; Linda S. Jacoby

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

CHILLING CONSIDERATIONS ABOUT GLOBAL WARMING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.time.com #12;NEW ORLEANS www.time.com #12;ALASKA www.time.com #12;UPSALA GLACIER, ANDES, ARGENTINA 1928 2004;ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION Energy per area per time Power per area Unit: Watt per square meter W m-2 #12;GLOBAL ENERGY BALANCE Global and annual average energy fluxes in watts per square meter 343 237 237 254K 390

Schwartz, Stephen E.

51

The Global Warming Debate: A July Hottest Month on Record in U.S.--Warming and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Global Warming Debate: A Case Study July Hottest Month on Record in U.S.--Warming and Drought was the hottest month on record in the United States, perhaps due to a combination of global warming the fact that there is more than just natural variability playing a role: Global warming from human

Reed, Christopher A.

52

Cloudy Skies: Assessing Public Understanding of Global Warming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Surveys show most Americans believe global warming is real. But many advocate delaying action until there is more evidence that warming is harmful. The stock and ...

Sterman, John

2002-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

53

Cloudy Skies: Assessing Public Understanding of Global Warming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Surveys show most Americans believe global warming is real. But many advocate delaying action until there is more evidence that warming is harmful. The stock and ...

Sterman, John

2003-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

54

Global warming: A Northwest perspective  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Northwest Power Planning Council convened a symposium in Olympia, Washington, on the subject of global climate change ( the greenhouse effect'') and its potential for affecting the Pacific Northwest. The symposium was organized in response to a need by the Power Council to understand global climate change and its potential impacts on resource planning and fish and wildlife planning for the region, as well as a need to understand national policy developing toward climate change and the Pacific Northwest's role in it. 40 figs., 15 tabs.

Scott, M.J.; Counts, C.A. (eds.)

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Realistic Mitigation Options for Global Warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...uncertainty (48). The energy modeling results that employ other methods...concerns that environmental control could impede economic development...Sources and Guidelines for Control of Existing Sources: Municipal...100% under present U.S. laws) but to a lower global warming...

Edward S. Rubin; Richard N. Cooper; Robert A. Frosch; Thomas H. Lee; Gregg Marland; Arthur H. Rosenfeld; Deborah D. Stine

1992-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

56

Global Warming Mitigation Investments Optimized under Uncertainty  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Global Warming Mitigation Investments Optimized under Uncertainty Global Warming Mitigation Investments Optimized under Uncertainty Speaker(s): Hermann Held Date: July 9, 2010 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Thomas McKone The Copenhagen Accord (2009) recognizes that 'the increase in global temperature should be below 2 degrees Celsius' (compared to pre-industrial levels, '2° target'). In recent years, energy economics have derived welfare-optimal investment streams into low-emission energy mixes and associated costs. According to our analyses, auxiliary targets that are in line with the 2° target could be achieved at relatively low costs if energy investments were triggered rather swiftly. While such analyses assume 'perfect foresight' of a benevolent 'social planner', an accompanying suite of experiments explicitly

57

Building Technologies Office: Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Low-Global Warming Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants Research Project to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants Research Project on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants Research Project on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants Research Project on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants Research Project on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants Research Project on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants Research Project on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy

58

Global Warming and Water Management: Water Allocation and Project Evaluation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper explores the sensitivity of the benefits of alternative water allocation schemes and of project evaluation to global warming. If global warming shifts the mean of annual water supplies, ... . Because b...

Robert Mendelsohn; Lynne L. Bennett

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Comparing the effects of greenhouse gas emissions on global warming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Policies dealing with global warming require a measure of the effects of the emissions of greenhouse gases that create different magnitudes of instantaneous radiative forcing and have different lifetimes. The Global Warming ...

Eckaus, Richard S.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Editorial The Global Warming Fight is Bringing Sexy Back, Are You Ready?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2006, September 25). Is global warming raising a tempest?or her behavior towards global warming in 2007. *Timberlake,Editorial: The Global Warming Fight is Bringing Sexy

Jankowska, Marta Maja

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "net global warming" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Review: Air Pollution and Global Warming: History, Science, and Solutions, 2nd ed.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Air Pollution and Global Warming: History, Science, andZ. Air Pollution and Global Warming: History, Science, andAir Pollution and Global Warming: History, Science, and

Laberge, Yves

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Is the Ozone Depletion Regime a Model for an Emerging Regime on Global Warming?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the for- mation of a global warming regime produces a highlydepletion and the global warming regimes was recognized byan Emerging Regime on Global Warming? by Winfried Lang I.

Lang, Winfried

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Eutrophication of ancient Lake Ohrid: Global warming amplifies ...  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Eutrophication of ancient Lake Ohrid: Global warming amplifies detrimental effects of increased nutrient inputs. Matzinger, Andreas, Martin Schmid, Elizabeta

64

Separating Signal from Noise in Global Warming Bert W. Rust  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Separating Signal from Noise in Global Warming Bert W. Rust Reprinted from the CD Rust, B. W. (2003) "Separating Signal from Noise in Global Warming," Computing Science and Statistics, 35, 263-277. ­ or ­ Rust, B. W. (2003) "Separating Signal from Noise in Global Warming," Computing Science and Statistics, 35

Rust, Bert W.

65

GLOBAL WARMING: THE PSYCHOLOGY OF LONG TERM RISK Guest Editorial  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GLOBAL WARMING: THE PSYCHOLOGY OF LONG TERM RISK Guest Editorial Beyond its objective basis in natural science, understanding, discussion, and res- olution of the policy issue labeled "global warming the global warming problem. In public discussion, natu- ral scientists tend to frame the issue through

Todorov, Alex

66

Possible global warming futures Minh Ha-Duong  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Possible global warming futures Minh Ha-Duong Minh.Ha.Duong@cmu.edu CNRS, France HDGC, Carnegie Mellon Possible global warming futures ­ p.1/36 #12;SRES: Forecasts or scenarios? +5.5 C in 2100 the controversy using imprecise probabilities, a more general information theory. . . Possible global warming

67

The Logic of Global Warming A bitter pill  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Logic of Global Warming A bitter pill Vaughan Pratt Stanford University June 23, 2011 Vaughan PrattStanford University () The Logic of Global WarmingA bitter pill June 23, 2011 1 / 1 What is climate population growth. 2. Accumulation of hazardous materials: lead, mercury, CFCs, . . . 3. Global warming

Pratt, Vaughan

68

Global warming and hurricane intensity and frequency: The debate continues  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global warming and hurricane intensity and frequency: The debate continues Megan Mc of these changes. Some scientists believe that global warming and increased sea surface temperatures are to blame, global warming and increased sea surface temperatures do appear to have influenced hurricane frequency

Kareem, Ahsan

69

Global Warming Time Bomb:* Actions Needed to Avert Disaster  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global Warming Time Bomb:* Actions Needed to Avert Disaster James Hansen 26 October 2009 Club statements relating to policy are personal opinion Global Warming Status 1. Knowledge Gap Between - What Benefits of Solution Despite the publicity that global warming has received, there is a large gap between

Hansen, James E.

70

Measuring evolutionary responses to global warming: cautionary lessons from Drosophila  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measuring evolutionary responses to global warming: cautionary lessons from Drosophila FRANCISCO. Understanding evolutionary responses to global climate warming can be daunt- ingly complex. But, primarily of the magnitude of long-term responses to global warming; standardising by equivalent seasonal tem- perature

Rodríguez, Miguel Ángel

71

Communicating Dangers and Opportunities in Global Warming 13 December Draft  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Communicating Dangers and Opportunities in Global Warming 13 December Draft James Hansen American: "Subversion of Public Affairs Chart 7: The Global Warming Story C. Tenets of a Democracy: "An Informed Public, not as a spokesman for NASA There is a huge gap between what is understood about global warming and what is known

Hansen, James E.

72

Carbon Dioxide, Global Warming, and Michael Crichton's "State of Fear"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Carbon Dioxide, Global Warming, and Michael Crichton's "State of Fear" Bert W. Rust Mathematical- tioned the connection between global warming and increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide by pointing out of these plots to global warming have spilled over to the real world, inviting both praise [4, 17] and scorn [15

Rust, Bert W.

73

Global warming and body mass decline in Israeli passerine birds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

7 May 2001 research-article Global warming and body mass decline in Israeli...University, , Tel Aviv 69978, Israel Global warming may affect the physiology, distributions...mass and tarsus length are due to global warming and also in accordance with Bergmann's...

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Genetic shift in photoperiodic response correlated with global warming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Genetic shift in photoperiodic response correlated with global warming William E. Bradshaw observed in insects, birds, amphibians, and plants associated with global warm- ing during the latter half- tent with an adaptive evolutionary response to recent global warming. The latter half of the 20th

Cochran-Stafira, D. Liane

75

Global warming and United States landfalling hurricanes Chunzai Wang1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global warming and United States landfalling hurricanes Chunzai Wang1 and Sang-Ki Lee2 Received 18] A secular warming of sea surface temperature occurs almost everywhere over the global ocean. Here we use observational data to show that global warming of the sea surface is associated with a secular increase

Wang, Chunzai

76

Global warming and body mass decline in Israeli passerine birds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global warming and body mass decline in Israeli passerine birds Yoram Yom-Tov Department of Zoology,Tel Aviv University,Tel Aviv 69978, Israel ( yomtov@post.tau.ac.il) Global warming may a¡ect the physiology in body mass and tarsus length are due to global warming and also in accordance with Bergmann's rule

Yom-Tov, Yoram

77

Global warming triggers the loss of a key Arctic refugium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Research articles 1001 69 60 Global warming triggers the loss of a key Arctic...change that is being driven by global warming. In stark contrast to the amplified...planet's last Arctic refugia from global warming, largely because of the moderating...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Observationally based assessment of polar amplification of global warming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Observationally based assessment of polar amplification of global warming Igor V. Polyakov,1) are similar, and do not support the predicted polar amplification of global warming. The possible moderating amplification of global warming. Intrinsic arctic variability obscures long-term changes, limiting our ability

Bhatt, Uma

79

Decarbonization and Sequestration for Mitigating Global Warming  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

DECARBONIZATION AND SEQUESTRATION FOR DECARBONIZATION AND SEQUESTRATION FOR MITIGATING GLOBAL WARMING M. Steinberg (msteinbe@bnl.gov); 631-344-3036 Brookhaven National Laboratory 12 South Upton Street Upton, NY 11973-5000, USA ABSTRACT Mitigating the global warming greenhouse effect while maintaining a fossil fuel economy, requires improving efficiency of utilization of fossil fuels, use of high hydrogen content fossil fuels, decarbonization of fossil fuels, and sequestering of carbon and CO 2 applied to all the sectors of the economy, electric power generation, transportation, and industrial, and domestic power and heat generation. Decarbonization means removal of carbon as C or CO 2 either before or after fossil fuel combustion and sequestration means disposal of the recovered C or CO 2 including its utilization. Removal and recovery of CO

80

Computer modeling of the global warming effect  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The state of knowledge of global warming will be presented and two aspects examined: observational evidence and a review of the state of computer modeling of climate change due to anthropogenic increases in greenhouse gases. Observational evidence, indeed, shows global warming, but it is difficult to prove that the changes are unequivocally due to the greenhouse-gas effect. Although observational measurements of global warming are subject to ``correction,`` researchers are showing consistent patterns in their interpretation of the data. Since the 1960s, climate scientists have been making their computer models of the climate system more realistic. Models started as atmospheric models and, through the addition of oceans, surface hydrology, and sea-ice components, they then became climate-system models. Because of computer limitations and the limited understanding of the degree of interaction of the various components, present models require substantial simplification. Nevertheless, in their present state of development climate models can reproduce most of the observed large-scale features of the real system, such as wind, temperature, precipitation, ocean current, and sea-ice distribution. The use of supercomputers to advance the spatial resolution and realism of earth-system models will also be discussed.

Washington, W.M. [National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO (United States)

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "net global warming" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Impact of global dimming and brightening on global warming Martin Wild,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Impact of global dimming and brightening on global warming Martin Wild,1 Atsumu Ohmura,1 and Knut February 2007. [1] Speculations on the impact of variations in surface solar radiation on global warming was responsible for the observed warming. To disentangle surface solar and greenhouse influences on global warming

Fischlin, Andreas

82

The Science and Ethics of Global warming Global warming has become one of the central political and scientific issues of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Science and Ethics of Global warming Global warming has become one of the central political of the considerations that might govern our response to global warming, including a discussion of some new developments of the atmosphere is to reduce the efficiency with which the earth's surface radiates away the energy it absorbs

Kirk-Davidoff, Daniel

83

LLNL scientists find precipitation, global warming link  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

4 4 For immediate release: 11/11/2013 | NR-13-11-04 Lawrence Livermore scientists have found that observed changes in global precipitation are directly affected by human activities. LLNL scientists find precipitation, global warming link Anne M Stark, LLNL, (925) 422-9799, stark8@llnl.gov LIVERMORE, Calif. -- The rain in Spain may lie mainly on the plain, but the location and intensity of that rain is changing not only in Spain but around the globe. A new study by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory scientists shows that observed changes in global (ocean and land) precipitation are directly affected by human activities and cannot be explained by natural variability alone. The research appears in the Nov. 11 online edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

84

Global Warming and Caspian Sea Level Fluctuations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coastal regions have a high social, economical and environmental importance. Due to this importance the sea level fluctuations can have many bad consequences. In this research the correlation between the increasing trend of temperature in coastal stations due to Global Warming and the Caspian Sea level has been established. The Caspian Sea level data has been received from the Jason-1 satellite. It was resulted that the monthly correlation between the temperature and sea level is high and also positive and almost the same for all the stations. But the yearly correlation was negative. It means that the sea level has decreased by the increase in temperature.

Ardakanian, Reza

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Public Awareness about Global Warming in Hyderabad, India.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? This study addressed public perceptions and awareness about global warming in India through a survey of 851 subjects in the city of Hyderabad in (more)

Rao, Vani Sarraju

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Elites and the Global Warming Conflict: Directors of Pro-Environmental and Anti-Global Warming Organizations.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The longstanding policy conflict over global warming directly affects the interests of elite groups in the United States. This study investigates the nature of elite (more)

Hein, James Everett

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Geoengineering: Plan B Remedy for Global Warming Andrew A. Lacis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Geoengineering: Plan B Remedy for Global Warming Geoengineering: Plan B Remedy for Global Warming Andrew A. Lacis NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies Accelerated melting of Greenland ice is a clear indication that consequences of global warming are real and impending. The underlying causes of global warming are well enough understood, but the necessary reduction of greenhouse gases to prevent irreversible climate change is unlikely to happen before the point of no return is reached. To reverse the impending sea level rise, geoengineering counter- measures may be required to counter the current global energy imbalance due to global warming. Of the many proposed remedies, deploying aerosols within the stratosphere offers realistic prospects. Sulfur injections in the lower stratosphere would have the cooling effect of naturally occurring volcanic aerosols. Soot at

88

11 - Security Issues and Global Warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This chapter begins with a discussion of the increasing empowerment of nonstate actors to challenge nation-states for commerce and security. One of the central trends is the operational coordination of organized crime and terrorist entities. They tend to share the same pipelines and at times some of the same personnel since both have a need for similar specialized skills. We witness the emergence of the third generation of guerillas, described as leaderless or horizontal in structure, global, and highly adaptable to urban areas. Crevalds position on guerilla wars is discussedhe asserted that states can never effectively combat guerilla wars. We then discuss the many ways in which transnational criminal organizations and terrorists are working together in the current era. From there, we assess the roles of criminalized states and black holes, geographical areas not controlled by state-based security entities. We discuss how global warming works to enhance the strengths of nonstate actors, while at the same time undermining or limiting state security. This chapter closes with a discussion of the security changes likely to be associated with an ice-free Arctic Ocean. We look at changes already occurring, and assess the roles played by the United States, Canada, Russia, and China. All are in exploration stages for previously inaccessible resources, and most are increasing their military presence across the region.

John P. Crank; Linda S. Jacoby

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Is the basinwide warming in the North Atlantic Ocean related to atmospheric carbon dioxide and global warming?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to atmospheric carbon dioxide and global warming? Chunzai Wang1 and Shenfu Dong1,2 Received 31 January 2010 is controversial. Some studies argued that the warming is due to global warming in association with the secular sea surface temperature. Here we show that both global warming and AMO variability make a contribution

Wang, Chunzai

90

Climate Feedback Analysis of the GFDL IPCC AR4 Global Warming Simulation.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Both observed and modeled global warming pattern shows a large surface polar warming and a large upper atmospheric warming in the tropics. This pattern (more)

Castet, Christelle Clemence

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Global Warming: What It Is What Is Controversial About It and What We Might Do in Response to It  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

along coasts. If global warming occurs, many environmentalSee, eg. , S. SCHNEIDER, GLOBAL WARMING: ARE WE ENTERING THETRANSITION (1989); Roberts, Global Warming: Blaming The Sun,

Botkin, Daniel B.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Will U.S. Agriculture Really Benefit from Global Warming? Accounting for Irrigation in the Hedonic Approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Really Benefit from Global Warming? Accounting forR. , The Impact of Global Warming on Agriculture: Comment,371411. , The Impact of Global Warming on Agriculture: A

Schlenker, Wolfram; Hanemann, W. Michael; Fisher, Anthony C.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Abandoned Soviet farmlands could help offset global warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abandoned Soviet farmlands could help offset global warming ... Also, should these countries find themselves with carbon-emissions treaty obligations following the upcoming Copenhagen conference on global warming, burning grasses in lieu of coal would give them carbon credits forever, says Wolf. ... Coal and oil, on the other hand, took the CO2 out of the atmosphere millions of years ago, so burning them only adds to the global CO2 supply. ...

Christopher Pala

2009-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

94

Global warming alters sound transmission: differential impact on the prey detection ability of echolocating bats  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Research articles 1004 69 Global warming alters sound transmission: differential...change in community composition. Global warming can thus directly affect the prey...prey. echolocation|foraging|global warming|sensory ecology|species interactions...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Respiratory control in aquatic insects dictates their vulnerability to global warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...their vulnerability to global warming Wilco C. E. P. Verberk...synergistic effects of global warming and hypoxia. 2. Material...Thermal tolerance and the global redistribution of animals...confound long-term warming effects on river macroinvertebrates...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Warming up, turning sour, losing breath: ocean biogeochemistry under global change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...hydrological cycle in response to global warming. Particularly in the high latitudes...This effect could be modified by global warming-induced changes in the upwelling...emission targets for limiting global warming to 2CNature 458 11581162 10...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Global warming from chlorofluorocarbons and their alternatives: Time scales of chemistry and climate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and their replacements on global warming. Nature Hansen J. ,gas emissions to global warming. Nature London Amendment toNature 315, 649-652, Global warming time scales WMO (World

Ko, Malcolm K.W.; Sze, Nien Dak; Molnar, Gyula; Prather, Michael J

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Review: The Global Warming Reader: A Century of Writing About Climate Change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Review: The Global Warming Reader: A Century of WritingMcKibben, Bill, ed. The Global Warming Reader: A Century ofrecord of no action on global warming. Those who have done

Anderson, Byron P.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Amazon Basin climate under global warming: the role of the sea surface temperature  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Amazon Basin climate under global warming: the role of the sea surface...temperature|carbon cycle|global warming| 1. Introduction First-generation...further into two components: a global mean warming (MW) and gridbox local anomalies...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

4 - Modeling the Relationship Between Global Warming, Violence, and Crime  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract One of the challenges of global warming research to the social sciences is that physical science research modalities are different. Consequently, efforts to tie it to the social sciences, particularly those related to violence and crime, are difficult to develop. This chapter looks at two models to assess the linkages between global warming and crime. The first, the Homer-Dixon model, uses a resource scarcity model to look at these linkages. According to the Homer-Dixon model, many aspects of global warming produce scarcities such as food shortages, ranch and farmland loss, and clean-water shortages. By tracing the indirect effects of scarcities through intervening variables of migration and state hardening, the model allows us to see various kinds of crime and violence that might happen under global warming conditions. The second model is the Agnew model, developed to assess theoretical linkages between crime and global warming, primarily focusing on social disorganization and strain perspectives. The second model fills a critical shortcoming in the first model; it provides a nuanced notion of crime and crime theory. Hence, it provides a needed back end of crime outcomes to tie into the Homer-Dixon model. Also, we discuss the way in which many dimensions of global warming can be modeled relatively straightforwardly into a routine activities perspective, where the social and economic disruptions caused by global warming give rise to new patterns of human activity and, consequently, new patterns of criminal and predatory activities.

John P. Crank; Linda S. Jacoby

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "net global warming" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

R&D for technology to solve global warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Global warming is a problem in which the combustion of coal, oil, and other fossil fuels causes the atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide (CO2), to increase. This results in mounting global air temperatures that lead to climatic change. Specifically, global warming will cause a rise in sea levels, changes in the rain-fall patterns, and other problems. In order to secure the route to solutions for global warming that requires new responses in ways that are compatible with economic growth, it is essential to achieve breakthroughs with innovative technologies. In addition to energ-related R&D, also important are R&D for CO2 absorption and fixation for fundamental solution to global warming. Japan has started the development of innovative environmental technologies, such as technologies for CO2 fixation and utilization.

K. Honjo

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

The Interplay of Global Warming Framing In News Media Coverage In 1988-2009.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This study examined the framing of global warming in the national news media. It investigated the framing of global warming as a competitive process that (more)

Sinaga, Simon

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Infrared absorption spectra, radiative efficiencies, and global warming potentials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Nutt,3 Keith P. Shine,4 Kevin Smith,5 and Timothy J. Wallington2 Received 17 July 2010; revised 21. Wallington (2010), Infrared absorption spectra, radiative efficiencies, and global warming potentials

Wirosoetisno, Djoko

104

Global warming potentials and radiative efficiencies of halocarbons and related  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,2 J. S. Fuglestvedt,1 G. Marston,3 G. Myhre,1 C. J. Nielsen,4 K. P. Shine,2 and T. J. Wallington5. Nielsen, K. P. Shine, and T. J. Wallington (2013), Global warming potentials and radiative ef ciencies

Wirosoetisno, Djoko

105

SPECIAL EARTH DAY COLLOQUIUM: How Global Warming Is Heating Things...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

18, 2013, 12:00pm to 1:30pm Colloquia MBG Auditorium SPECIAL EARTH DAY COLLOQUIUM: How Global Warming Is Heating Things Up at Work Dr. John P. Dunne Geophysical Fluid Dynamics...

106

Rising Sea Levels Due to Global Warming Are Unstoppable  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Levels Due to Global Warming Are Unstoppable Mitigation can slow down but not prevent sea level rise for centuries to come August 5, 2013 Contact: Linda Vu, Lvu@lbl.gov, +1 510 495...

107

Increased Climate Variability Is More Visible Than Global Warming: A General  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Increased Climate Variability Is More Visible Than Global Warming: A General System@utep.edu Abstract While global warming is a statistically confirmed long-term phenomenon, its most visible than the global warming itself. 1 Formulation of the Problem What is global warming. The term "global

Kreinovich, Vladik

108

Global warming description using Daisyworld model with greenhouse gases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Daisyworld is an archetypal model of the earth that is able to describe the global regulation that can emerge from the interaction between life and environment. This article proposes a model based on the original Daisyworld considering greenhouse gases emission and absorption, allowing the description of the global warming phenomenon. Global and local analyses are discussed evaluating the influence of greenhouse gases in the planet dynamics. Numerical simulations are carried out showing the general qualitative behavior of the Daisyworld for different scenarios that includes solar luminosity variations and greenhouse gases effect. Nonlinear dynamics perspective is of concern discussing a way that helps the comprehension of the global warming phenomenon.

Susana L.D. Paiva; Marcelo A. Savi; Flavio M. Viola; Albino J.K. Leiroz

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Wildfires may contribute more to global warming than previously predicted  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Wildfires may contribute more to global warming Wildfires may contribute more to global warming Wildfires may contribute more to global warming than previously predicted They suggest that fire emissions could contribute a lot more to the observed climate warming than current estimates show. July 9, 2013 Haze of smoke emanating from the 2011 Las Conchas, NM fire. Haze of smoke emanating from the 2011 Las Conchas, NM fire. Contact Nancy Ambrosiano Communications Office (505) 667-0471 Email "The fact that we are experiencing more fires and that climate change may increase fire frequency underscores the need to include these specialized particles in the computer models, and our results show how this can be done," Dubey said. Particle analysis shows "tar ball" effect is significant LOS ALAMOS, N.M., July 9, 2013-Wildfires produce a witch's brew of

110

Wildfires may contribute more to global warming than previously predicted  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Wildfires may contribute more to global warming Wildfires may contribute more to global warming Wildfires may contribute more to global warming than previously predicted They suggest that fire emissions could contribute a lot more to the observed climate warming than current estimates show. July 9, 2013 Haze of smoke emanating from the 2011 Las Conchas, NM fire. Haze of smoke emanating from the 2011 Las Conchas, NM fire. Contact Nancy Ambrosiano Communications Office (505) 667-0471 Email "The fact that we are experiencing more fires and that climate change may increase fire frequency underscores the need to include these specialized particles in the computer models, and our results show how this can be done," Dubey said. Particle analysis shows "tar ball" effect is significant LOS ALAMOS, N.M., July 9, 2013-Wildfires produce a witch's brew of

111

Physical aspects of the greenhouse effect and global warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

According to the simplest model of the earths radiative balance global warming will occur with certainty as humankind increases its production and consumption of nonsolar energy. This prediction is revisited using a broader model that allows the greenhouse effect to be considered. The new model predicts a global warming of ?T E =(114? K )? where ? is the rate of surface energy release in units of the average incident solar radiation 342? W?m ?2 and ?T E is the average temperature rise at the earths surface. Present values of these quantities excluding geothermal sources are ?=0.6910 ?4 and ?T E =7.9? mK . The model assigns a small number of optical parameters to the atmosphere and surface and qualifies the simple warming prediction: It is rigorous only if parameters other than ? are unchanged. The model is not complex and should serve as an aid to an elementary understanding of global warming.

Robert S. Knox

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Predicting and mitigating the global warming potential of agro-ecosystems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Predicting and mitigating the global warming potential of agro-ecosystems S. Lehugera 1 , B and methane are the main biogenic greenhouse gases (GHG) con-2 tributing to the global warming potential (GWP to design productive16 agro-ecosystems with low global warming impact.17 Keywords18 Global warming potential

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

113

Game Theory and Global Warming Steve Schecter (North Carolina State University)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Game Theory and Global Warming Steve Schecter (North Carolina State University) Mary Lou Zeeman global warming game It's time to negotiate a new treaty to stop global warming. · Player 1: Governments, Brazil, Mexico, . . . ). Situation: · An investment of $2 trillion is needed to stop global warming

Schecter, Stephen

114

Needed : a realistic strategy for global warming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Through a brief look at the science and economics of climate, the authors show that if climate change turns out to be a serious threat, an effective response will require a substantial and very long-term global effort. ...

Jacoby, Henry D.; Prinn, Ronald G.; Schmalensee, Richard.

115

Can Reducing Black Carbon Emissions Counteract Global Warming?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Can Reducing Black Carbon Emissions Counteract Global Warming? ... It has been known for over 30 years that aerosols affect the Earth's radiative balance:? reflective particles (such as sulfates) have a cooling effect, and light-absorbing particles (such as BC) warm the system (3). ... Although Figure 3 shows many of the high-emitting devices that contribute most to global BC concentrations, much of the world's fuel is burned in low-emitting technologies such as pulverized coal burners and gasoline vehicles with current technology. ...

Tami C. Bond; Haolin Sun

2005-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

116

Increase of global monsoon area and precipitation under global warming: A robust signal?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) and the global monsoon total precipitation (GMP) have increased during 1979­2008 [Hsu et al., 2011; Wang et alIncrease of global monsoon area and precipitation under global warming: A robust signal? Pang of people around the world. The global monsoon precipitation had an increasing trend over the past three

Li, Tim

117

"Global warming and global cooling are physical phenomenon. But the battle over these real or presumed developments is a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

"Global warming and global cooling are physical phenomenon. But the battle over these real of catastrophic global warming the greatest hoax ever perpetrated on the American people" What is climate change we have ever seen" What is climate change? Lord Nicholas Stern, October 2006 #12;"Global warming

Baez, John

118

Rising Sea Levels Due to Global Warming Are Unstoppable  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Rising Sea Levels Rising Sea Levels Due to Global Warming Are Unstoppable Rising Sea Levels Due to Global Warming Are Unstoppable Mitigation can slow down but not prevent sea level rise for centuries to come August 5, 2013 Contact: Linda Vu, Lvu@lbl.gov, +1 510 495 2402 washington.jpg Because seawater absorbs heat more slowly than the atmosphere above it, our oceans won't feel the full impact of the greenhouse gases already in the air for hundreds of years. Warm water expands, raising sea levels. (Courtesy W. Washington) Select to enlarge. A reduction in greenhouse gas emissions could greatly lessen the impacts of climate change. However, the gases already added to the atmosphere ensure a certain amount of sea level rise to come, even if future emissions are reduced. A study by National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)

119

Fishing for an Analogy to Global Warming William Menke  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fishing for an Analogy to Global Warming William Menke That our beloved Wilson Lake once harbored and smaller fish. Any sort of unfavorable weather conditions could reduce the supply of food, which in turn, but whether the salt has affected the fish is hotly debated. Some environmentalists say that increased

Menke, William

120

The Impact Brought by Global Warming and Countermeasures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Greenhouse gas is mainly composed of CO2, CH4 and N2O etc., while global warming is resulting from humans misconducts of ... burning tremendous fossil fuels such as petroleum and coal etc., which augment the CO2

Cuifeng Huo; Menghan Xu; Xuan Ding

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "net global warming" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Influence of weather and global warming in chloride ingress into concrete: a stochastic approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Influence of weather and global warming in chloride ingress into concrete: a stochastic approach E the influence of weather conditions and global warming on chloride ingress into concrete. The assessment including seasonal variations and global warming is also proposed in this work. Three scenarios of global

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

122

Shortwave and longwave radiative contributions to global warming under increasing CO2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

global warm- ing, with the world ocean as the primary reservoir for energy accumulation (1). In turn posi- tive, OLR recovers within merely several decades, and any subse- quent global energy accumulation warming is likely caused by enhanced ASR. global warming | climate feedbacks | energy accumulation Global

Battisti, David

123

FSC-Watch: FSC undermines paper recycling, contributes to global warming FSC undermines paper recycling, contributes to global  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FSC-Watch: FSC undermines paper recycling, contributes to global warming FSC-Watch FSC undermines paper recycling, contributes to global warming Tags: Canada, Recycling, Certifier conflict of interest undermines paper recycling, contributes to global warming in Pine Falls to manufacture paper with some

124

Heralding Calamity of Global Warming and Chemistry Role Through a Chorus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Global warming needs imminent attention in searching for its ... female undergraduates performed a chorus related to the global warming. The performance accompanied a narration of chemistry ... music tunes repres...

Y.H. Chung

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Solar trends and global warming R. E. Benestad1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the global mean temperature. In particular, we examine how robust different published methodologies gives nonrobust results. We also demonstrate that the methodologies used by Scafetta and West (2005 net anthropogenic forcing 1.7Wm?2 (0.6­2.4Wm?2 [Solomon et al., 2007]). However, detection

126

Forestry and global warming: the physical and policy linkages  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The potential for biotically mitigating global warming is receiving a great deal of policy and technical attention around the world. Elements of the political community are drawn to the notion that land?use patterns can be modified more easily than energy consumption patterns and some modelers suggest that the potential for storing carbon in terrestrial ecosystems is very large. Most work to date however uses only physical criteria in estimating how much land might be available for reforestation. Accounting for social and economic constraints is much more difficult resulting in daunting uncertainty about what could actually be accomplished. Furthermore our relative ignorance of the functioning of the global carbon cycle makes attempting to manipulate it for human purposes questionable at best. Nevertheless there are many reasons besides global warming to pursue a radical restructuring of land?use patterns around the world. Such a restructuring should be undertaken in conjunction with many other measures to slow global warming most immediately in the energy sector.

M. C. Trexler

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

The potential impact of global warming on the efficacy of field margins sown for the conservation of bumble-bees  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Raffaelli The potential impact of global warming on the efficacy of field margins...change. We simulated the effect of global warming on the network of plant-pollinator...future-proof margins against global warming are discussed. climate change...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Predicting the fate of a living fossil: how will global warming affect sex determination and hatching phenology in tuatara?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of a living fossil: how will global warming affect sex determination and hatching...however, an unlikely response to global warming, as many oviparous species are...species with TSD. climate change|global warming|temperature-dependent sex...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Awareness of Behaviours that Cause and Alleviate Global Warming and Intention to Perform the Behaviours Among Malaysian Educated Laypeople  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Reducing global warming is not simply the domain of government ... , by knowing the right behaviours for mitigating global warming. This study examines Malaysian educated laypersons knowledge about global warming

Zamzul Rizal Zulkifli; Rosta Harun; Kuang Hock Lim

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

The Impact of Global Warming on U.S. Agriculture: An Econometric Analysis of Optimal Growing Conditions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Really Bene?t From Global Warming? Accounting for IrrigationR. , The Economics of Global Warming, Washington, D.C. :1992. , The Impact of Global Warming on Agriculture:

Schlenker, Wolfram; Hanemann, W. Michael; Fisher, Anthony C.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

American Public Opinion on Global Warming in the American States: An In-Depth Study of Florida, Maine, and Massachusetts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 American Public Opinion on Global Warming in the American States: An In-Depth Study of Florida Public Opinion on Global Warming in the American States: An In-Depth Study of Florida, Maine warming has been happening � What might have caused global warming � Whether global warming

Ford, Andrew

132

Report narrows down impact of global warming People will soon be able to find out how  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Report narrows down impact of global warming People will soon be able to find out how vulnerable their own local area is to global warming, thanks to a new report led by UEA. STARDEX, a European Union is taken to reduce human-induced global warming. "Although more research is needed to increase our

Feigon, Brooke

133

A SLIPPERY SLOPE: HOW MUCH GLOBAL WARMING CONSTITUTES "DANGEROUS ANTHROPOGENIC INTERFERENCE"?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A SLIPPERY SLOPE: HOW MUCH GLOBAL WARMING CONSTITUTES "DANGEROUS ANTHROPOGENIC INTERFERENCE on the global warming that can be tolerated without risking dangerous anthropogenic interference with climate. I" mainly as a metaphor for the danger posed by global warming. So I changed "Hell" to "disaster." What

Hansen, James E.

134

Global warming, Bergmann's rule and body mass are they related? The chukar partridge (Alectoris chukar) case  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global warming, Bergmann's rule and body mass ± are they related? The chukar partridge (Alectoris of chukar partridges Alectoris chukar has changed as a result of global warming. Body mass showed warming, Israel INTRODUCTION Recent global environmental changes are providing scientists

Yom-Tov, Yoram

135

Can Oceanic Freshwater Flux Amplify Global Warming? LIPING ZHANG AND LIXIN WU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Can Oceanic Freshwater Flux Amplify Global Warming? LIPING ZHANG AND LIXIN WU Physical Oceanography in global warming are studied using simulations of a climate model in which the freshwater flux changes that the warm climate leads to an acceleration of the global water cycle, which causes freshening in the high

136

Needed: A Realistic Strategy for Global Warming Henry D. Jacoby, Ronald G. Prinn and Richard Schmalensee  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Needed: A Realistic Strategy for Global Warming Henry D. Jacoby, Ronald G. Prinn and Richard of this issue. One day we hear that all responsible scientists agree that global warming is a dagger be slashed immediately to save our planet. The next day we're told that global warming is the illegitimate

137

Role of global warming on the statistics of record-breaking temperatures S. Redner1,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Role of global warming on the statistics of record-breaking temperatures S. Redner1, * and Mark R in Philadelphia, as a function of the number of years of observation. We then consider the case of global warming question arises: is global warming the cause of such heat waves or are they merely statistical fluctuations

Redner, Sidney

138

Global Warming Twenty Years Later: Tipping Points Near James Hansen1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global Warming Twenty Years Later: Tipping Points Near James Hansen1 My presentation today is exactly 20 years after my 23 June 1988 testimony to Congress, which alerted the public that global warming has developed between what is understood about global warming by the relevant scientific community

Hansen, James E.

139

Mechanisms for Tropical Tropospheric Circulation Change in Response to Global Warming*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mechanisms for Tropical Tropospheric Circulation Change in Response to Global Warming* JIAN MA change in global warming is studied by comparing the response of an atmospheric general circulation model globally in response to SST warming. A diagnostic framework is developed based on a linear baroclinic model

Xie, Shang-Ping

140

Global warming shifts Pacific tropical cyclone location MinHo Kwon,1,3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global warming shifts Pacific tropical cyclone location Tim Li,1 MinHo Kwon,1,3 Ming Zhao,3 Jong) is used to investigate the change of tropical cyclone frequency in the North Pacific under global warming, and W. Yu (2010), Global warming shifts Pacific tropical cyclone location, Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L

Li, Tim

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "net global warming" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Journal of Mammalogy, 84(2):354368, 2003 MAMMALIAN RESPONSE TO GLOBAL WARMING ON VARIED  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

354 Journal of Mammalogy, 84(2):354­368, 2003 MAMMALIAN RESPONSE TO GLOBAL WARMING ON VARIED how Rocky Mountain mam- malian communities changed during past global warming events characterized not) in different ways. Nevertheless, examination of past global warming episodes suggested

California at Berkeley, University of

142

Response of the Zonal Mean Atmospheric Circulation to El Nio versus Global Warming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Response of the Zonal Mean Atmospheric Circulation to El Niño versus Global Warming JIAN LU Pacific. The hydrological impacts of global warming also exhibit distinct patterns over the subtropics response to global warming: 1) The increase in static stability of the subtropical and midlatitude

Chen, Gang

143

What should we do about the dangers posed by global warming? Judging by  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

What should we do about the dangers posed by global warming? Judging by the collective actions rainandozonedepletioninanattempt toconfusethepublicaboutthescience of global warming and delay regula- tion of greenhouse of Engineering,itdiffersfromtheothers in its attitude towards those who deny the reality of global warming, or hu

Robock, Alan

144

LETTER doi:10.1038/nature09407 Global metabolic impacts of recent climate warming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LETTER doi:10.1038/nature09407 Global metabolic impacts of recent climate warming Michael E. Dillon and projected climate warming2,13,14 . Global warming is probably having profound and diverse effects phenology3,4 , community interactions5 , genetics3,6 and extinctions7 have been attributed to recent global

Huey, Raymond B.

145

Relationships between global warming and tropical cyclone activity in the Western North Pacific .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In this work, we investigate the relationships between global warming and tropical cyclone activity in the Western North Pacific (WNP). Our hypothesis is that global (more)

Meyer, David W.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Global warming coverage in the media: trends in a Mexico City newspaper.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Global warming and its implications have astounding consequences for the global community. Although some research has been done on the trends within environmental reporting, few (more)

Deines, Tina

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

NERSC Calculations Provide Independent Confirmation of Global Land Warming  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Calculations Calculations Provide Independent Confirmation of Global Land Warming Since 1901 NERSC Calculations Provide Independent Confirmation of Global Land Warming Since 1901 September 9, 2013 | Tags: Climate Research, Hopper Contact: Jon Bashor, jbashor@lbl.gov, 510-486-5849 campo.jpg These maps show the changes in air temperatures over land as measured using thermometers (left side) and as calculated by the 20th Century Reanalysis project (left side). While more than 80 percent of the observed variation is captured by the computer model, the results show interesting differences in some regions such as the midwestern United States, Argentina and eastern Brazil. The differences may be due previously unrecognized issues with the pressure observations, variations in land use and land cover over time,

148

A prairie perspective on global warming and climate change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Great Plains blankets eight states. It is dotted with oil patches, public utilities, farms, ranches, feed lots, meat-packing plants, medium size cities, military bases and tiny towns feeding on agricultural activity. The question is: what can leaders do for a desperate and aging population in a global warming environment to bring full employment to the region. This paper explores opportunities to capitalise upon environmentally friendly farming practices and agricultural waste to produce jobs, money, commercial opportunities, marketable sod, fertilisers, methane, electricity and securities (from the Chicago Climate Exchange) as answers for this question. The paper recounts the use of man made wetlands to sequester CO2; by-products from coal fired power plants; landfill methane; methane digesters and soil carbon projects to arrest heat and contribute to the campaign against global warming.

Ronald Griffin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Natural gas and efficient technologies: A response to global warming  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It has become recognized by the international scientific community that global warming due to fossil fuel energy buildup of greenhouse CO{sub 2} in the atmosphere is a real environmental problem. Worldwide agreement has also been reached to reduce CO{sub 2} emissions. A leading approach to reducing CO{sub 2} emissions is to utilize hydrogen-rich fuels and improve the efficiency of conversion in the power generation, transportation and heating sectors of the economy. In this report, natural gas, having the highest hydrogen content of all the fossil fuels, can have an important impact in reducing CO{sub 2} emissions. This paper explores natural gas and improved conversion systems for supplying energy to all three sectors of the economy. The improved technologies include combined cycle for power generation, the Carnol system for methanol production for the transportation sector and fuel cells for both power generation and transportation use. The reduction in CO{sub 2} from current emissions range from 13% when natural gas is substituted for gasoline in the transportation sector to 45% when substituting methanol produced by the Carnol systems (hydrogen from thermal decomposition of methane reacting with CO{sub 2} from coal-fired power plants) used in the transportation sector. CO{sub 2} reductions exceeding 60% can be achieved by using natural gas in combined cycle for power generation and Carnol methanol in the transportation sector and would, thus, stabilize CO{sub 2} concentration in the atmosphere predicted to avoid undue climate change effects. It is estimated that the total fossil fuel energy bill in the US can be reduced by over 40% from the current fuel bill. This also allows a doubling in the unit cost for natural gas if the current energy bill is maintained. Estimates of the total net incremental replacement capital cost for completing the new improved equipment is not more than that which will have to be spent to replace the existing equipment conducting business as usual.

Steinberg, M.

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Global warming potential for CF[sub 4  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With sufficient emissions, fluorinated gases such as CF[sub 4] could contribute significantly to the concerns about global warming because they are greenhouse gases, are chemically very inert, and have long accumulation lifetimes in the atmosphere. At this time, the only significant known source of CF[sub 4] is primary aluminum smelting (Abrahamson, 1992). While current emissions are small, additional sources could make CF[sub 4] an important contribution to climate forcing in the future.

Wuebbles, D J; Grossman, A S

1992-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

151

North Florida Global Warming Study Group | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Florida Global Warming Study Group Florida Global Warming Study Group Jump to: navigation, search Name North Florida Global Warming Study Group Address 8342 Compass Rose Dr S Place Jacksonville, Florida Zip 32216 Year founded 2003 Phone number 9047379211 Website [atilley@unf.edu atilley@unf.edu ] Notes This is an email newslist. Coordinates 30.259044°, -81.571333° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":30.259044,"lon":-81.571333,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

152

Response to Comment on American Exceptionalism? Similarities and Differences in National Attitudes Toward Energy Policy and Global Warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Similarities and Differences in National Attitudes Toward Energy Policy and Global Warming ... There is a legitimate question over whether, when asked about the impact on atmospheric CO2 concentrations, respondents were thinking of direct emissions of a nuclear power plant (effectively nil), net emissions (substantially negative if the nuclear plant would be replacing a coal-fired or even a gas-fired plant), or lifecycle emissions. ...

D. M. Reiner; T. E. Curry; M. A. de Figueiredo; H. J. Herzog; S. D. Ansolabehere; K. Itaoka; F. Johnsson; M. Odenberger

2006-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

153

LETTER doi:10.1038/nature12156 Signature of ocean warming in global fisheries catch  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LETTER doi:10.1038/nature12156 Signature of ocean warming in global fisheries catch William W. L changes in sea surface temperature5 . This study shows that ocean warming has already affected global. Cheung1 , Reg Watson2 & Daniel Pauly3 Marine fishes and invertebrates respond to ocean warming through

Pauly, Daniel

154

Can ozone depletion and global warming interact to produce rapid climate change?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Can ozone depletion and global warming interact to produce rapid climate change? Dennis L. Hartmann of Climate Change (IPCC) assess- ment of the status of global warming, which reported that winter stratospheric ozone depletion and greenhouse warming are possible. These interactions may be responsible

Limpasuvan, Varavut

155

Why are climate models reproducing the observed global surface warming so well?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Why are climate models reproducing the observed global surface warming so well? Reto Knutti1 global surface warming so well?, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L18704, doi:10.1029/ 2008GL034932. 1 models reproduce the observed surface warming better than one would expect given the uncertainties

Fischlin, Andreas

156

Is global warming just a giant natural fluctuation? When estimating voter's intentions, pollsters know that statements like "40%  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Is global warming just a giant natural fluctuation? When estimating voter theory. So what about global warming? Shouldn't we apply the same warming since the mid-20th century" (IPCC, Assessment Report 5, AR5), then surely

Lovejoy, Shaun

157

Global Warming Solutions Inc previously Southern Investments Inc | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Warming Solutions Inc previously Southern Investments Inc Warming Solutions Inc previously Southern Investments Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Global Warming Solutions Inc (previously Southern Investments Inc) Place Houston, Texas Zip 77002 Sector Solar Product Developer of a combined PV and thermal energy solar system called light electric and thermal generator (LETG). Coordinates 29.76045°, -95.369784° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":29.76045,"lon":-95.369784,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

158

Minimising the global warming potential of clay based geopolymers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Production of Portland cement (PC) binders contributes substantially to global CO2 production and various bodies including the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) have identified geopolymers as alternative binders with the potential to reduce these emissions. The hypothesis of this research is to investigate whether this is a realistic proposition in the light of limited waste materials such as fly ash and ground granulated blast furnace slag commonly used as geopolymer precursors. The effect of use of natural clay minerals as alternative precursors on global warming potential (GWP) is investigated. Methods of designing mixes with the lowest possible GWP are presented and these are compared to the GWP of PC and currently available metakaolin based geopolymer binders. It is concluded that it is possible to reduce the GWP by approximately 40%, but other impacts may increase.

Andrew Heath; Kevin Paine; Marcelle McManus

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Global warming and oil spills could cool shoaling reefs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High water temperature generated on reef flats have been implicated as one of the factors determining the ecological patterns and structural morphologies peculiar to shoaling reefs. In approximately ten years of water temperature and water level data from a shoaling reef flat at Punta Galeta (Caribbean Panama), water temperatures were dependent on water levels. Water temperatures ranged up to 38[degrees]C when daily minimum water depths over the reef crest were < 12 cm, but never exceeded 30[degrees]C when the minimum water levels were > 12 cm. If conservative predictions of sea level rise caused by global warming are correct, normal vertical accretion rates of the reef flat could keep pace with rising sea level until the middle of the next century; after that the occurrence of high water temperatures would be rapidly reduced. However, damage from an oil spill at Punta Galeta in 1986 was concentrated at the seaward margin of the reef flat, where biogenic processes control the overall vertical accretion of the reef platform. By slowing rates of vertical accretion, oil impact could potentially accelerate the effects of global warming on the ecology and morphology of the reef.

Cubit, J.D. (Smithsonian Tropical Research Inst., Apdo (Panama))

1990-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

160

The British coal global warming R&D programme  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The threat of possible global warming is sufficient to warrant least regrets measures to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases and investigation of fallback options, such as carbon dioxide removal from coal-fired power plants. The Global Warming R&D Programme is investigating carbon dioxide removal options, sometimes called Low CO2 Power Generation. An assessment programme has estimated the thermal efficiency of a number of process schemes and concluded that gasification based systems, with the addition of a CO shift reactor and CO2 scrubbers or a membrane gas separator, provide promising approaches. A clean hydrogen fuel would be fired in a gas turbine and 90% of the CO2 removed and exported as a liquid stream for storage in exhausted oil or gas fields. Costs of such power plants are now being explored and a collaborative programme is commencing with membrane developers, with the aim of developing and testing membranes for this duty. The paper outlines the background and describes preparation for experimental work using CO2/H2 separating membranes.

J.M. Topper; C.J. Bower; I.R. Summerfield; I.S.C. Hughes

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "net global warming" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Combating global warming via non-fossil fuel energy options  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Non-fossil fuel energy options can help reduce or eliminate the emissions of greenhouse gases and are needed to combat climate change. Three distinct ways in which non-fossil fuel options can be used in society are examined here: the capture/production of non-fossil fuel energy sources, their conversion into appropriate energy carriers and increased efficiency throughout the life cycle. Non-fossil fuel energy sources are insufficient to avoid global warming in that they are not necessarily readily utilisable in their natural forms. Hydrogen energy systems are needed to facilitate the use of non-fossil fuels by converting them to two main classes of energy carriers: hydrogen (and hydrogen-derived fuels) and electricity. High efficiency is needed to allow the greatest benefits to be attained from energy options in terms of climate change and other factors. A case study is considered involving the production of hydrogen from non-fossil energy sources via thermochemical water decomposition. Thermochemical water decomposition provides a realistic future non-fossil fuel energy option, which can be driven by non-fossil energy sources (particularly nuclear or solar energy) and help combat global warming.

Marc A. Rosen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Entropy Shows that Global Warming Should Cause Increased Variability in the Weather  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Elementary physical reasoning seems to leave it inevitable that global warming would increase the variability of the weather. The first two terms in an approximation to the global entropy are used to show that global warming has increased the free energy available to drive the weather, and that the variance of the weather should increase correspondingly.

John Michael Williams

2000-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

163

The right thing to do: Global warming and the conservative press.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Deemed an issue of the ideological left, global warming is a contentious issue in todays political landscape. In 2006, environmental documentary An Inconvenient Truth, narrated (more)

Poff, Michele

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Den globala uppvrmningen i skolans lromedel; How do schoolbooks discuss the global warming?.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Today the talk about global warming and climate change are on top of the public agenda. There for schools and schoolbooks also debate the (more)

Bjrkman, Andreas

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

THE HUMAN-NATURE RELATIONSHIP AS PORTRAYED IN NEWSPAPER COVERAGE OF GLOBAL WARMING .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??After more than 20 years of mass mediated discussion, with no United States legislative action on global warming, the discourse used in the debate about (more)

[No author

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Climate Change over the Equatorial Indo-Pacific in Global Warming* CHIE IHARA, YOCHANAN KUSHNIR, AND MARK A. CANE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Climate Change over the Equatorial Indo-Pacific in Global Warming* CHIE IHARA, YOCHANAN KUSHNIR to global warming is investigated using model outputs submitted to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate equatorial Indian Ocean warm more than the SSTs in the eastern equatorial Indian Ocean under global warming

167

Surface reflectance and conversion efficiency dependence of technologies for mitigating global warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A means of assessing the relative impact of different renewable energy technologies on global warming has been developed. All power plants emit thermal energy to the atmosphere. Fossil fuel power plants also emit CO2 which accumulates in the atmosphere and provides an indirect increase in global warming via the greenhouse effect. A fossil fuel power plant may operate for some time before the global warming due to its CO2 emission exceeds the warming due to its direct heat emission. When a renewable energy power plant is deployed instead of a fossil fuel power plant there may be a significant time delay before the direct global warming effect is less than the combined direct and indirect global warming effect from an equivalent output coal fired plant the business as usual case. Simple expressions are derived to calculate global temperature change as a function of ground reflectance and conversion efficiency for various types of fossil fuelled and renewable energy power plants. These expressions are used to assess the global warming mitigation potential of some proposed Australian renewable energy projects. The application of the expressions is extended to evaluate the deployment in Australia of current and new geo-engineering and carbon sequestration solutions to mitigate global warming. Principal findings are that warming mitigation depends strongly on the solar to electric conversion efficiency of renewable technologies, geo-engineering projects may offer more economic mitigation than renewable energy projects and the mitigation potential of reforestation projects depends strongly on the location of the projects.

Ian Edmonds; Geoff Smith

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Warming of Global Abyssal and Deep Southern Ocean Waters between the 1990s and 2000s: Contributions to Global Heat and Sea Level Rise Budgets*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Warming of Global Abyssal and Deep Southern Ocean Waters between the 1990s and 2000s: Contributions of recent warming of these regions in global heat and sea level budgets. The authors 1) compute warming produces a 0.053 (60.017) mm yr21 increase in global average sea level and the deep warming south

Johnson, Gregory C.

169

Global warming and transport in Brazil - ethanol alternative  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper deals with the risk of global warming as intensified by the carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions of the transport sector, particularly in gasoline-powered vehicles in Brazil. Car ownership and use are increasing rapidly partly because of very poor public transport quality, which, in turn, is causing higher emission levels of CO2. In this connection, the use of ethanol in Brazil for the transport sector may prove to be an important alternative, furthering the efforts to stabilise the actual level of gases in the atmosphere. The energy derived from biomass, and in this case, from a renewable, ''clean'' source, i.e., from sugar-cane, has the unquestionable advantage of permitting the almost complete reabsorption of CO2 emitted through the combustion of fuel alcohol. This closed cycle allows, in principle, the increase of the energy supply, essential for economic development, with fewer hazards to the environment.

Suzana Kahn Ribeiro; Pauline Staib Younes-Ibrahim

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Effective thermal conduction model for estimating global warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a simple way to approximate the dependence of the global mean air temperature at Earths surface on the atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide. It treats the atmosphere as a blanket the effective thermal conductivity of which is a decreasing function of the amount of CO 2 present and does not involve the details of energy transport. The only data required are the CO 2 concentrations at the middle of the nineteenth and the end of the twentieth centuries and the shift in temperature that has occurred over that time. This elementary phenomenological energy-balance approach is well suited for undergraduate physics courses to illustrate thermal conduction and radiation by way of the very interesting and critically important example of greenhouse warming of Earth.

Anthony B. Wolbarst

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Nuclear energy conversion systems for arresting global warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Presently the global warming by CO2 emission from fossil fuel burning is becoming a serious issue. Especially, coal is the worse fossil fuel, because it emits the largest amount of CO2 per unit amount of heat generation. There seem to be two ways of reducing substantial CO2 emission rate of coal; they are, reforming coal to synthesis fuel with less CO2 emission and removing CO2 from flue gas of coal fired power station after burning coal. Present paper proposes two nuclear heat application systems which reform coal to methanol and four systems which produce chemical products or gasoline with CO2 collected from flue gas of coal fired power stations, as future options for reducing CO2 emission from coal. Advantage and disadvantage of the proposed systems are discussed.

M. Hishida; M. Fumizawa; Y. Inaba; M. Aritomi; S. Nomura; S. Kosaka; S. Yamada; K. Ogata

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Future-oriented women will pay to reduce global warming: Mediation via political orientation, environmental values, and belief in global warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The present work addresses calls to clarify the role of gender in climate change mitigation and adaptation by testing a theoretical model linking gender and concern with future and immediate consequences to mitigation actions through political orientation, environmental values, and belief in global warming (genderנtime orientation?liberal political orientation?environmental values?belief in global warming?willingness to pay to reduce global warming). Drawing on a sample of 299 U.S. residents, structural equation modeling and bootstrapped indirect effects testing revealed support for the model. Interaction analyses further revealed that women scored higher than men on model variables among respondents who routinely consider the future consequences of their actions, but the gender difference was reversed among those low in concern with future consequences (on liberal political orientation and willingness to pay to reduce global warming). Practical and theoretical implications are considered.

Jeff Joireman; Richie L. Liu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Energy and environmental policy and electric utilities' choice under uncertain global warming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The paper reviews and discusses uncertainty about global warming science, impact on society. It also discusses what assumptions have been made and how appropriate the assumptions in scenarios have been for estimating global ...

Takahashi, Masaki

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Teaching Energy Balance using Round Numbers: A Quantitative Approach to the Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Teaching Energy Balance using Round Numbers: A Quantitative Approach to the Greenhouse Effect, 2003 Abstract The idea of energy balance used to explain the greenhouse effect and global warming and astronomy curricula. The idea of energy balance is used to explain the greenhouse effect and global warming

Blais, Brian

175

Response and impact of equatorial ocean dynamics and tropical instability waves in the tropical Atlantic under global warming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Atlantic under global warming: A regional coupled downscaling study Hyodae Seo1,2 and ShangPing Xie1. Under global warming, both global and regional models exhibit an increased (decreased) rainfall thermal stratification is suggested to be more important under global warming. The strengthened upwelling

Xie, Shang-Ping

176

Heart rate change and attitudes to global warming: A conceptual replication of the visceral fit mechanism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Visceral fit effects occur when a physical state (e.g., warmth) increases the plausibility of future related states (e.g., global warming). We attempted to conceptually replicate such effects by investigating whether belief in global warming is influenced by a change in heart rate, which is linked to body warmth. In four studies, participants' heart rates were varied via mental manipulation or physical exercise. In three of the studies, increased heart rate was associated with greater self-reported belief that global warming was occurring. Across all studies, the association between heart rate and self-reported belief in global warming was small in statistical effect size and very small in absolute terms. We suggest that the effects of incidental cues are interesting because such factors should not influence global warming beliefs at all, but the small absolute size of the effects means that situational cues are unlikely to alter a person's stance on climate change.

Aaron Drummond; Matthew A. Palmer

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Evidence for the impact of global warming on the longterm population dynamics of common birds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...signifi- cantly related to global warming. 2. METHODS The climate in France has been warming over the past century...likely to override any global effect. The resulting...tit Aegithalos caudatus; coal tit Parus ater; marsh...

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

In Proceedings of the 76th American Meteorological SocietyMeetings,January 1996. STUDENT CONFERENCEON GLOBAL WARMING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONFERENCEON GLOBAL WARMING: A COLLABORATIVENETWORK-SUPPORTED ECOLOGICALLYHlERARCHIC GEOSCIENCES CURRICULUM Schoolof Education and SocialPolicy Evanston, Illinois 60208 1. INTRODUCTION A five week global warming. WHY GLOBALWARMING? The controversyaround global warming has been growing over the past few decades

Boyer, Edmond

179

Role of global warming on the statistics of recordbreaking temperatures S. Redner 1, * and Mark R. Petersen 2,+  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Role of global warming on the statistics of record­breaking temperatures S. Redner 1, * and Mark R of global warming, where the mean temperature systematically in­ creases with time. Over the 126­year time question arises: is global warming the cause of such heat waves or are they merely statistical fluctuations

Redner, Sidney

180

A ten-year decrease in plant species richness on a neotropical inselberg:1 detrimental effects of global warming?2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of global warming?2 3 EMILE FONTY*, CORINNE SARTHOU, DENIS LARPIN§ and JEAN-FRAN?OIS4 PONGE*1 5 6 *Muséum 15 Keywords: aridity, biodiversity loss, global warming, low forest, plant communities, tropical16 probable cause of the observed species disappearance is global warming, which severely28 affected northern

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

An Occam's razor view of the lead-lag dispute in global warming Tadeusz J. Ulrych1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 An Occam's razor view of the lead-lag dispute in global warming Tadeusz J. Ulrych1 and Allan D to the solar flux) which is responsible for the undeniable global warming. For example, "The observation-correlation=non- causality' statement is bogus. The Lead-Lag Dispute in Global Warming An excellent example of the debate

Woodbury, Allan D.

182

Upward Shift of the Atmospheric General Circulation under Global Warming: Theory and Simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, including upward shifts in the ver- tical velocities and distributions of cloud water and ice as the seaUpward Shift of the Atmospheric General Circulation under Global Warming: Theory and Simulations circulation of the atmosphere shift upward in response to warming in simu- lations of climate change with both

O'Gorman, Paul

183

The Return of Dr Strangelove The politics of climate engineering as a response to global warming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Return of Dr Strangelove The politics of climate engineering as a response to global warming volcanic eruptions to counter the warming effects of carbon pollution. Engineering the planet's climate the air, where its concentration is 0.04 per cent, than from the exhaust of a coal-fired power plant. Sun

Green, Donna

184

ICE SHEETS, GLOBAL WARMING, AND ARTICLE 2 OF THE UNFCCC An Editorial Essay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

such rapid-loss mechanisms, models cannot produce a stable ice sheet above some local warming thresholdICE SHEETS, GLOBAL WARMING, AND ARTICLE 2 OF THE UNFCCC An Editorial Essay 1. Introduction Rapid disintegration of the West Antarctic ice sheet (WAIS) was cited decades ago as a potentially severe consequence

Oppenheimer, Michael

185

Erratum to: Students conceptions about the greenhouse effect, global warming, and climate change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Our first study appeared in Climatic Change...(Students conceptions about the greenhouse effect, global warming, and climate change Shepardson et al,...Climatic Change (2011) 104:481507 DOI 1...

D. P. Shepardson; S. Choi; D. Niyogi; U. Charusombat

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Erratum to: Decreasing Indian summer monsoon intensity after 1860 AD in the global warming epoch  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the original publication of the article title has been published incorrectly. The correct title should read as Decreasing Indian summer monsoon intensity after 1860 AD in the global warming epoch.

Hai Xu; Yetang Hong; Bin Hong

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Comment on 'Discussions on common errors in analyzing sea level accelerations, solar trends and global warming'  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comment on Scafetta, Nicola. 'Discussion on Common Errors in Analyzing Sea Level Accelerations, Solar Trends and Global Warming.' arXiv:1305.2812 (May 13, 2013a). doi:10.5194/prp-1-37-2013.

Benestad, R E

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Collective guilt for harming future ingroup members: The case of American identity and global warming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

members on willingness to engage in behaviors that mitigate global warming. An experimental study extended these results by showing similar effects for actual behavior and pro-environmental attitudes. A final experiment extended the other studies...

Ferguson, Mark Allen

2008-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

189

A Simple Analytical Model for Understanding the Formation of Sea Surface Temperature Patterns under Global Warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

How sea surface temperature (SST) changes under global warming is critical for future climate projection because SST change affects atmospheric circulation and rainfall. Robust features derived from 17 models of phase 5 of the Coupled Model ...

Lei Zhang; Tim Li

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Global warming, energy efficiency and the role of the built environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis attempts to explore the relationships between the Buildings Sector, energy efficiency and global warming. Through a qualitative analysis the author illustrates the connection between these three areas and shows ...

DiBona, Donna K

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Comment on American Exceptionalism? Similarities and Differences in National Attitudes Toward Energy Policy and Global Warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Similarities and Differences in National Attitudes Toward Energy Policy and Global Warming ... In the United States, the only uranium enrichment plant is the one at Paducah, Kentucky, which runs on coal. ...

Deborah Wallace

2006-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

192

Simulated Impacts of Global Warming on Building Thermal Loads Throughout the 21st Century  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dynamics Laboratory (NOAA) handptright GISS ? Goddard Institute for Space Studies (NASA) handptright NCDC ? National Climate Data Center handptright NOAA ? National Oceanic & Atmospheric Association. Global warming web sites NOAA (National Oceanic...

Degelman, L.

193

Climategate Undermined Belief in Global Warming Among Many American TV Meteorologists  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Television (TV) meteorologists are a potentially important source of informal climate change education in that most American adults watch local TV news and consider TV weather reporters to be a trusted source of global warming information. In ...

Edward Maibach; James Witte; Kristopher Wilson

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Environmental Impact on Applied Technology- Global Warming CFCs & VOCs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fuel Oil -3299 -3093 -2834 Coal -4545 -4338 -4079 Wood Waste -5232 -5025 -4766 Coping With Environmental Pressures The textile finishing industry, pulp and paper and thers rejecting large quantities of warm water are undegoing increased... Fuel Oil -3299 -3093 -2834 Coal -4545 -4338 -4079 Wood Waste -5232 -5025 -4766 Coping With Environmental Pressures The textile finishing industry, pulp and paper and thers rejecting large quantities of warm water are undegoing increased...

Gilbert, J. S.

195

It's Not Too Late to Change Global Warming's Course - NERSC Science News  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

It's Not Too Late to It's Not Too Late to Change Global Warming's Course It's Not Too Late to Change Global Warming's Course Simulations Show That Cuts in Greenhouse Gas Emissions Would Save Arctic Ice, Reduce Sea Level Rise October 27, 2009 | Tags: Climate Research mitigation1.jpg Computer simulations show the extent that average air temperatures at Earth's surface could warm by 2080-2099 compared to 1980-1999, if (top) greenhouse gases emissions continue to climb at current rates, or if (middle) society cuts emissions by 70 percent. In the latter case, temperatures rise by less than 2°C (3.6°F) across nearly all of Earth's populated areas (the bottom panel shows warming averted). However, unchecked emissions could lead to warming of 3°C (5.4°F) or more across parts of Europe, Asia, North America, and Australia. (Image: Geophysical

196

Responses of Tropical and Subtropical High-Cloud Statistics to Global Warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Data from global high-resolution, nonhydrostatic simulations, covering a 1-yr period and with horizontal grid sizes of 7 and 14 km, were analyzed to evaluate the response of high cloud to global warming. The results indicate that, in a warmer ...

A. T. Noda; M. Satoh; Y. Yamada; C. Kodama; T. Seiki

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Brussels, 07.10.2003 Position paper: Europe should lead the fight against global warming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Brussels, 07.10.2003 Position paper: Europe should lead the fight against global warming Climate, and withdraw completely from oldfashioned energy sources, i.e. coal, petroleum and natural gas by 2050. Most. In addition, the EU must set a long-term global threshold of the temperatures not raising more than two

Laughlin, Robert B.

198

Global warming and end-use efficiency implications of replacing CFCs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The direct contribution of CFCs to calculated global warming has been recognized for some time. As a result of the international agreement to phase out CFCs due to stratospheric ozone and the ensuing search for suitable alternatives, there has recently been increased attention on the DIRECT global warming potential (GWP) of the fluorocarbon alternatives as greenhouse gases. However, to date there has been little focus on the INDIRECT global warming effect arising from end-use efficiency changes and associated CO{sub 2} emissions. A study being conducted at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) addresses this combined or total global warming impact of viable options to replace CFCs in their major energy-related applications. This paper reviews selected results for air-conditioning, refrigeration, and heat pump applications. The analysis indicates that the CFC user industries have made substantial progress in approaching near-equal energy efficiency with the HCFC/HFC alternative refrigerants. The findings also bring into question the relative importance of the DIRECT (chemical-related) effect in many applications. Replacing CFCs is an important step in reducing the total global warming impact, and at present the HCFC and HFCS appear to offer the best efficiency and lowest total impact of options available in the relatively short time period required for the transition away from CFCs.

Fairchild, P.D.; Fischer, S.K.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

199

Tropical Cyclone Changes in the Western North Pacific in a Global Warming Scenario MARKUS STOWASSER, YUQING WANG, AND KEVIN HAMILTON  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tropical Cyclone Changes in the Western North Pacific in a Global Warming Scenario MARKUS STOWASSER The influence of global warming on the climatology of tropical cyclones in the western North Pacific basin Model version 2 (CCSM2) coupled global climate model. The regional model is first tested in 10 yr

Wang, Yuqing

200

A possible relationship between Global Warming and Lightning Activity in India during the period 1998-2009  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lightning activity on a global scale has been studied season wise using satellite data for the period from 1998 to 2009. Lightning activity shows an increasing trend during the period of study which is highly correlated with atmospheric warming. A similar increasing trend of lightning activity is observed in the Indian region during the pre-monsoon season which is correlated with global lightning trends and warming trends of surface temperature in India. Key words: Global warming, lightning activity, Solar cycle changes

Felix Pereira B.; Priyadarsini G.; T. E. Girish

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "net global warming" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

An Inconvenient Truth. The Planetary Emergency of Global Warming and What We Can Do About It  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This book is published to tie in with a documentary film of the same name. Both the book and film were inspired by a series of multimedia presentations on global warming that the author created and delivers to groups around the world. With this book, Gore, brings together leading-edge research from top scientists around the world; photographs, charts, and other illustrations; and personal anecdotes and observations to document the fast pace and wide scope of global warming. He presents, with alarming clarity and conclusiveness, and with humor, too, that the fact of global warming is not in question and that its consequences for the world we live in will be disastrous if left unchecked.

Gore, Al

2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

202

Implications of global warming for the climate of African rainforests  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Amazonia, but not in the Congo Basin. The newest generation of global model experiments (CMIP5) includes several Earth System Models with dynamic vegetation, and existing research has largely found projections from CMIP5 to be similar to CMIP3...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Global warming and its implications for conservation. 1. Overview.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as usual projections from NCAR, Hadley, CSIRO. There is good evidence that current climate change is due to anthropogenic release of CO2 into the atmosphere. (Much more on the carbon cycle and atmospheric CO2 later temperatures, such as solar intensity or volcanic activity Ohead: global climate anomaly time series (Mears

Creel, Scott

204

Joint CO2 and CH4 accountability for global warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...addressed with little impact on consumption patterns...48). Leaks from fracking operations may also...EcoEquity and Stockholm Environment Institute, Berlin...distribution of ecological impacts from human activities . Proc Natl...Role in the Global Environment (Springer, Berlin...Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and...

Kirk R. Smith; Manish A. Desai; Jamesine V. Rogers; Richard A. Houghton

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Carbon capture and storage in geologic formations has been proposed as a global warming mitigation strategy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract Carbon capture and storage in geologic formations has been proposed as a global warming mitigation strategy that can contribute to stabilize the atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide to maintain adsorbed methane in the coalbed formation. But now carbon dioxide will replace the methane

Mohaghegh, Shahab

206

Addressing Global Warming, Air Pollution Health Damage, and Long-Term Energy Needs Simultaneously  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Addressing Global Warming, Air Pollution Health Damage, and Long-Term Energy Needs Simultaneously that will reduce air pollution and address climate change. Data, computer model results, and new emission air-pollution-related deaths and millions of cases of asthma and respiratory disease each year

Patzek, Tadeusz W.

207

Changes in the Distribution of Rain Frequency and Intensity in Response to Global Warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Changes in the frequency and intensity of rainfall are an important potential impact of climate change. Two modes of change, a shift and an increase, are applied to simulations of global warming with models from phase 5 of the Coupled Model ...

Angeline G. Pendergrass; Dennis L. Hartmann

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

IMPLICATIONS OF CO, GLOBAL WARMING O N GREAT LAKES ICE COVER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IMPLICATIONS OF CO, GLOBAL WARMING O N GREAT LAKES ICE COVER RAYMOND A. ASSEL US. Department to project daily mean basin ice cover and annual ice cover duration for Lakes Superior and Erie. Models were produced by the GeophysicalFluid Dynamics Labo- ratory (GFDL), the Goddard Institute of Space Studies (GISS

209

VIRGINIA CENTER FOR COAL & ENERGY RESEARCH WINTER 1998-99 / VOL. XVIII, NO. 1 Global Warming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

VIRGINIA CENTER FOR COAL & ENERGY RESEARCH WINTER 1998-99 / VOL. XVIII, NO. 1 Global Warming Our the opinion. Can the VCCER with its mandated interests in coal and energy be any different? Well, we do try QUARTERLY COAL PRODUCTION STATISTICS 5 GAS PRODUCTION STATISTICS 6 1840 1860 1880 1900 1920 1940 1960 1980

210

PUBLISHED ONLINE: 29 JANUARY 2012 | DOI: 10.1038/NCLIMATE1353 Enhanced warming over the global subtropical  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

surface ocean warming rate over the path of these currents is two to three times faster than the globalLETTERS PUBLISHED ONLINE: 29 JANUARY 2012 | DOI: 10.1038/NCLIMATE1353 Enhanced warming over the global subtropical western boundary currents Lixin Wu1 *, Wenju Cai2 , Liping Zhang1 , Hisashi Nakamura3

Qiu, Bo

211

Hydrologic sensitivities of the Sacramento-San Joaquin River basin, California, to global warming  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The hydrologic sensitivities of four medium-sized mountainous catchments in the Sacramento and San Joaquin River basins to long-term global warming were analyzed. The hydrologic response of these catchments, all of which are dominated by spring snowmelt runoff, were simulated by the coupling of the snowmelt and the soil moisture accounting models of the U.S. National Weather Service River Forecast System. In all four catchments the global warming pattern, which was indexed to CO{sub 2} doubling scenarios simulated by three (global) general circulation models, produced a major seasonal shift in the snow accumulation pattern. Under the alternative climate scenarios more winter precipitation fell as rain instead of snow, and winter runoff increased while spring snowmelt runoff decreased. In addition, large increases in the annual flood maxima were simulated, primarily due to an increase in rain-on-snow events, with the time of occurrence of many large floods shifting from spring to winter.

Lettenmaier, D.P. (Univ. of Washington, Seattle (USA)); Gan, Thian Yew (Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok (Thailand))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Jordan Boyd-Graber, Christiane Fellbaum, Daniel Osherson, and Robert Schapire. Adding Dense, Weighted, Connections to WordNet. Proceedings of the Global WordNet Conference, 2006.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Jordan Boyd-Graber, Christiane Fellbaum, Daniel Osherson, and Robert Schapire. Adding Dense, Weighted, Connections to WordNet. Proceedings of the Global WordNet Conference, 2006. @inproceedings{Boyd of the Global {WordNet} Conference}, Author = {Jordan Boyd-Graber and Christiane Fellbaum and Daniel Osherson

Boyd-Graber, Jordan

213

Global warming and South Indian monsoon rainfalllessons from the Mid-Miocene  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Precipitation over India is driven by the Indian monsoon. Although changes in this atmospheric circulation are caused by the differential seasonal diabatic heating of Asia and the Indo-Pacific Ocean, it is so far unknown how global warming influences the monsoon rainfalls regionally. Herein, we present a Miocene pollen flora as the first direct proxy for monsoon over southern India during the Middle Miocene Climate Optimum. To identify climatic key parameters, such as mean annual temperature, warmest month temperature, coldest month temperature, mean annual precipitation, mean precipitation during the driest month, mean precipitation during the wettest month and mean precipitation during the warmest month the Coexistence Approach is applied. Irrespective of a ~34C higher global temperature during the Middle Miocene Climate Optimum, the results indicate a modern-like monsoonal precipitation pattern contrasting marine proxies which point to a strong decline of Indian monsoon in the Himalaya at this time. Therefore, the strength of monsoon rainfall in tropical India appears neither to be related to global warming nor to be linked with the atmospheric conditions over the Tibetan Plateau. For the future it implies that increased global warming does not necessarily entail changes in the South Indian monsoon rainfall.

Markus Reuter; Andrea K. Kern; Mathias Harzhauser; Andreas Kroh; Werner E. Piller

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Probability distributions for regional climate change from uncertain global mean warming and uncertain scaling relationship Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 11(3), 10971114, 2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Probability distributions for regional climate change from uncertain global mean warming of probability distributions for regional climate change from uncertain global mean warming and an uncertain/precipitation per degree global mean warming. Each scaling variable is assumed to be normally distributed

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

215

Reply to comment by J. L. Lean on ``Estimated solar contribution to the global surface warming using the ACRIM TSI satellite composite''  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reply to comment by J. L. Lean on ``Estimated solar contribution to the global surface warming contributed at least 10­30% of the 0.40 ± 0.04 K global surface warming) depends crucially on the adoption, because it lacks any upward trend between solar cycles 21­23, the solar contribution to the global warming

Scafetta, Nicola

216

Global Warming What is Climate? Ocean's Role in Climate Change Uncertainty Quantification, the Next Frontier The Role Played by Oceans in Climate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global Warming What is Climate? Ocean's Role in Climate Change Uncertainty Quantification, the Next Department University of Arizona October 11, 2008 #12;Global Warming What is Climate? Ocean's Role in Climate, Undergraduate Students: 2. UQGQG #12;Global Warming What is Climate? Ocean's Role in Climate Change Uncertainty

Restrepo, Juan M.

217

Analyzing the time-course variation of apple and pear tree dates of flowering1 stages in the global warming context2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the global warming context2 3 Yann Guédon (1) and Jean Michel Legave (2)* 4 5 (1) CIRAD, UMR DAP and INRIA the relationship between flowering advances in fruit trees and19 global warming. After an exploratory analysis;2 to consider the flowering advances in apple and pear trees as impacts of global warming. The26 suddenness

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

218

Accounting for global-mean warming and scaling uncertainties in climate change impact studies Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 11(3), 12071226, 2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Accounting for global-mean warming and scaling uncertainties in climate change impact studies 1207(s) 2007. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Accounting for global-mean warming from a few regional climate model runs are scaled, based on different global-mean warming projections

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

219

The response of the width of the Hadley cell to global warming-like thermal forcing in a simple general circulation model.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The response of the Hadley Cell (HC) width to the global warming is investigated using a set of dry global circulation model (GCM) integrations. In (more)

Lin, Nai Shi

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

The effect of global warming on U.S. agriculture and its variability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Shetty (Member) A. G. Nelson (Head of Department) December 1992 ABSTRACT The Effect of Global Warming on U. S. Agriculture and Its Variability. (December 1992) Qifen He, B. S. , Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr... of encouragement, suggestions, and friendship during my graduate study at Texas A&M University. I would also like to thank Dr. Bala Shetty for his encouragement as my committee member and Rebecca Luckey for her editing help and friendship. I would like...

He, Qifen

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "net global warming" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

The world we now live in is confronted with various challenges. Environmental issues caused by global warming, and the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by global warming, and the intensification of international competition over access to resources, energy by a single nation; rather, each country must work together for global solutions to tackle these environmental issues. In this regard Kobe University is committed to fostering global competencies among its students

Banbara, Mutsunori

222

Global warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is today generally agreed that some 6 billion tonnes of carbon in the form of carbon dioxide are emitted into the atmosphere annually as a result of the burning of fossil fuels. Carbon dioxide concentration...

R. W. Herschy

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Global Warming  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

primary component of natural gas, is the second most important contributor to the greenhouse effect (after carbon dioxide). Natural sources of methane include wetlands, fossil...

224

Indian Ocean Warming During 19502005 Determined by Flexible Global OceanAtmosphereLand System Model (FGOALS)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Indian Ocean has exhibited a basin-wide warming ... effectively reproduced by version 2 of the grid-point and spectral versions of the Flexible Global ...K), respectively. The trend of the Indian Ocean avera...

Lu Dong; Tianjun Zhou

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Does the problem of global warming exist at all? Insight from the temperature drift induced by inevitable colored noise  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the present paper we state a problem of the colored noise nonremovability on the climatic 30-year time scale, which essentially changes the angle of view on the known problem of global warming.

Rusov, V D; Eingorn, M V; Zelentsova, T N; Linnik, E P; Beglaryan, M E; Vachev, B

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Chapter Thirty-Six - The Implications of Global Warming andClimate Change on Waterborne Diseases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The distribution of pathogens and the incidence of waterborne disease outbreaks are closely linked to environmental and climatic conditions. Global climate change will affect the hydrological cycle in many different ways that will influence waterborne pathogen survival, infectivity and distribution. These changes include frequency and intensity of heavy rainfall events leading to higher surface runoff and flooding, droughts, increased temperatures and sea level rise. Indirectly, this will impact on the effectiveness of traditional infrastructural and the barrier approach to pathogen control on which water industry has evolved and now relies. Climate change will also result in an alteration in the behaviour of populations and test their ability to cope with changes in risk from infection and possible failures in the barriers that protect them from pathogens. The effect of climate change on the risk from waterborne diseases will differ between tropical and temperate areas, and developed and developing countries. Those countries with a well-developed water and wastewater treatment infrastructure will be least affected. The key to overcoming these problems is an awareness of the potential risks to pathogen distribution and infectivity caused by global warming and the implementation of an integrated approach to pathogen safety through the implementation of water security and water safety plans. The United Nations Millennium Development Goal to halve the number of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation by 2015 is unlikely to be achieved. Global warming is increasing the number of people falling into this category each year, as well as making it far more difficult to achieve the vital goal. Disinfection will remain the major technique of ensuring drinking water is free from waterborne microorganisms, but it must be seen as part of a larger integrated approach to water resource protection which will become increasingly difficult as global warming continues to create uncertainties in our climate.

Nicholas F. Gray

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Role of global warming on the statistics of record-breaking temperatures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We theoretically study the statistics of record-breaking daily temperatures and validate these predictions using both Monte Carlo simulations and 126years of available data from the city of Philadelphia. Using extreme statistics, we derive the number and the magnitude of record temperature events, based on the observed Gaussian daily temperature distribution in Philadelphia, as a function of the number of years of observation. We then consider the case of global warming, where the mean temperature systematically increases with time. Over the 126-year time range of observations, we argue that the current warming rate is insufficient to measurably influence the frequency of record temperature events, a conclusion that is supported by numerical simulations and by the Philadelphia data. We also study the role of correlations between temperatures on successive days and find that they do not affect the frequency or magnitude of record temperature events.

S. Redner and Mark R. Petersen

2006-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

228

American Exceptionalism? Similarities and Differences in National Attitudes Toward Energy Policy and Global Warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There was a clear appreciation in all countries (>70% of the public in each survey) that coal-burning power plants and cars increased CO2 levels and that wind turbines either had no impact or reduced CO2 levels. ... Responses To Many Scientists Believe that Human Activities, Such as Burning Fossil Fuels to Drive Cars and Generate Electricity, Are Causing the Earth's Atmosphere to Warm Somewhat. ... Americans and Europeans were both less sanguine and more cynicalmany believed that it would be necessary to learn to live with and adapt to a warmer climate (ranging from 13% in the U.K. to 19% in Sweden) and that global warming is a problem but [my country] won't do anything about it (ranging from 12% Sweden to 24% in the U.K.) whereas much lower numbers offered these views in Japan (4% and 6%, respectively). ...

D. M. Reiner; T. E. Curry; M. A. de Figueiredo; H. J. Herzog; S. D. Ansolabehere; K. Itaoka; F. Johnsson; M. Odenberger

2006-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

229

Albedo control as an effective strategy to tackle Global Warming: A case study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Recent research developments focused on Climate Change issue aimed at achieving Kyoto targets. In this context, an innovative methodology (officially recognized by WEC in 2009) is proposed to mitigate Global Warming by artificially enhancing earths Albedo. Such a methodology allows to quantify the maximum environmental benefit achievable through the installation of Albedo control technologies, as a function of the geographical features of the installation site, local meteorological conditions, radiative properties, tilt angle, and orientation of the surfaces. This benefit is directly quantified in terms of \\{CO2eq\\} offset. Albedo control can be an effective mitigation strategy by means of three synergistic effects: a direct contribution towards Global Warming mitigation produced by an enhanced reflection to the space of the shortwave incident radiation; the indirect contribution from energy saving in buildings with high Albedo envelopes; the indirect contribution from the mitigation of Urban Heat Island phenomenon. Since the effectiveness of Albedo control is mostly relevant in Mediterranean area, for both climate conditions and historical-architectural heritage, this work presents procedures and findings of the ABCD project (Albedo, Building green, Control of Global Warming and Desertification) concluded in 2012, funded by the Italian Ministry for the Environment. A description of the analytic model is also presented. The paper focuses on the application of the methodology to a Tunisian factory site, showing that approximately 16,000 tCO2eq could be offset in 30years with the installation of about 115,000m2 of high-reflective surfaces. Finally, a tradable value (ETS carbon credits) for Albedo control technologies is proposed.

Franco Cotana; Federico Rossi; Mirko Filipponi; Valentina Coccia; Anna Laura Pisello; Emanuele Bonamente; Alessandro Petrozzi; Gianluca Cavalaglio

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Postdoctoral Position at North Carolina State University Title: Consequences of urban and global warming for arthropod ecology and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Postdoctoral Position at North Carolina State University Title: Consequences of urban and global warming for arthropod ecology and evolution Description: One postdoctoral position will be available heat islands and global climate change for arthropods of societal or economic importance. The study

Behmer, Spencer T.

231

The political economy of a biomass energy response to global warming (GREENS)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

GREENS (Global Redevelopment with Energy Environment Sustainability) is a concept that provides a response to global warming which integrates the technological, economic and political aspects of the problem. Technological and economic aspects are discussed elsewhere. The political aspects involve a context in which growth in energy use is foreseen mostly in the 'South', where the Third World Debt burden is perceived to be unfair. However, the 'South' provides promising venues for biomass production and GREENS offers the prospect of biomass technology transfer in support of progress in newly developing countries, per contra alternative responses which hinder the 'South's' development. But countries like Russia, China and India (dubbed 'East' countries) with developed fossil fuel systems, present a significant burden upon the 'North' until future technologies become available and/or the 'East's' economic progress fits it to share the cost of biomass substitution.

Peter Read

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Global warming impacts of ozone-safe refrigerants and refrigeration, heating, and air-conditioning technologies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

International agreements mandate the phase-out of many chlorine containing compounds that are used as the working fluid in refrigeration, air-conditioning, and heating equipment. Many of the chemical compounds that have been proposed, and are being used in place of the class of refrigerants eliminated by the Montreal Protocol are now being questioned because of their possible contributions to global warming. Natural refrigerants are put forth as inherently superior to manufactured refrigerants because they have very low or zero global warming potentials (GWPs). Questions are being raised about whether or not these manufactured refrigerants, primarily hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), should be regulated and perhaps phased out in much the same manner as CFCs and HCFCs. Several of the major applications of refrigerants are examined in this paper and the results of an analysis of their contributions to greenhouse warming are presented. Supermarket refrigeration is shown to be an application where alternative technologies have the potential to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) significantly with no clear advantage to either natural or HFC refrigerants. Mixed results are presented for automobile air conditioners with opportunities to reduce GHG emissions dependent on climate and comfort criteria. GHG emissions for hermetic and factory built systems (i.e. household refrigerators/freezers, unitary equipment, chillers) are shown to be dominated by energy use with much greater potential for reduction through efficiency improvements than by selection of refrigerant. The results for refrigerators also illustrate that hydrocarbon and carbon dioxide blown foam insulation have lower overall effects on GHG emissions than HFC blown foams at the cost of increased energy use.

Fischer, S.; Sand, J.; Baxter, V.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Coal: Prospects in the Twenty-First Century: Exhaustion Trumped by Global Warming?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract There has been a great transformation in the nature and location of use of coal, as well as in the location of its production. China and India have emerged as the major producers and consumers of coal. Electricity generation has become its main use. Interest in coal as a replacement for depleting oil and natural gas resources remains, but at a greatly diminished level. Fears of global warming have supplemented traditional concerns about pollution from coal. These and other concerns have led to extensive policies regulating the production and use of coal. The United States has programs affecting labor standards in coal mining, reclamation of mined land, leasing of coal resources on federally owned land, and air and water pollution. Air pollution controls try to directly control pollution through standards on the allowable pollutant content in the atmosphere and to indirectly regulate it by setting emission standards at individual pollution sources. These complex and overlapping regulations are proving difficult to design and implement. As global warming control must be worldwide, its achievement involves daunting implementation barriers.

R.L. Gordon

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Net carbon uptake has increased through warming-induced changes in temperate forest phenology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The timing of phenological events exerts a strong control over ecosystem function and leads to multiple feedbacks to the climate system1. Phenology is inherently sensitive to temperature (though the exact sensitivity is disputed2) and recent warming is reported to have led to earlier spring, later autumn3,4 and increased vegetation activity5,6. Such greening could be expected to enhance ecosystem carbon uptake7,8, though reports also suggest decreased uptake for boreal forests4,9. Here we assess changes in phenology of temperate forests over the eastern US during the past two decades, and quantify the resulting changes in forest carbon storage. We combine long-term ground observations of phenology, satellite indices, and ecosystem-scale carbon dioxide flux measurements, along with 18 terrestrial biosphere models. We observe a strong trend of earlier spring and later autumn. In contrast to previous suggestions4,9 we show that carbon uptake through photosynthesis increased considerably more than carbon release through respiration for both an earlier spring and later autumn. The terrestrial biosphere models tested misrepresent the temperature sensitivity of phenology, and thus the effect on carbon uptake. Our analysis of the temperature-phenology-carbon coupling suggests a current and possible future enhancement of forest carbon uptake due to changes in phenology. This constitutes a negative feedback to climate change, and is serving to slow the rate of warming.

Keenan, Trevor [Harvard University] [Harvard University; Gray, Josh [Boston University] [Boston University; Friedl, Mark [Boston University] [Boston University; Toomey, Michael [Harvard University] [Harvard University; Bohrer, Gil [Ohio State University] [Ohio State University; Hollinger, David [USDA Forest Service, Northern Research Station] [USDA Forest Service, Northern Research Station; Munger, J. William [Harvard University] [Harvard University; OKeefe, John [Harvard Forest (Harvard University), Massachusetts] [Harvard Forest (Harvard University), Massachusetts; Hans, Schmid [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany] [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany; Wing, Ian [Boston University] [Boston University; Yang, Bai [ORNL] [ORNL; Richardson, Andrew D. [Harvard University] [Harvard University

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

CoreNet Global/Jones Lang LaSalle Sustainability survey | ENERGY STAR  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CoreNet Global/Jones Lang LaSalle Sustainability survey CoreNet Global/Jones Lang LaSalle Sustainability survey Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources

236

Global warming implications of non-fluorocarbon technologies as CFC replacements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Many technologies could be developed for use in place of conventional compression systems for refrigeration and air conditioning. Comparisons of the global warming impacts using TEWI (Total Equivalent Warming Impact) can be used to identify alternatives that have the potential for lower environmental impacts than electric-driven vapor compression systems using HCFCs and HFCs. Some options, such as secondary heat transfer loops in commercial refrigeration systems to reduce refrigerant charge and emission rates, could be useful in reducing the losses of refrigerants to the atmosphere. Use of ammonia instead of a fluorocarbon in a system with a secondary loop offers only a small potential for decreasing TEWI, and this may not warrant the increased complexity and risks of using ammonia in a retail sales environment. A few technologies, such as adsorption heat pumps, have efficiency levels that show reduced TEWI levels compared to conventional and state of the art compression systems, and further development could lead to an even more favorable comparison. Health and safety risks of the alternative technologies and the materials they employ must also be considered.

Fischer, S.K.; Tomlinson, J.J.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

237

Energy and global warming impacts of next generation refrigeration and air conditioning technologies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Significant developments have occurred in hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) and the application of ammonia and hydrocarbons as refrigerant working fluids since the original TEWI (Total Equivalent Warming Impact) report in 1991. System operating and performance data on alternative refrigerants and refrigeration technologies justify and updated evaluation of these new alternative refrigerants and competing technologies in well-characterized applications. Analytical and experimental results are used to show quantitative comparisons between HFCS, HFC blends, hydrocarbons, and ammonia, used as refrigerants. An objective evaluation is presented for commercial and near commercial non-CFC refrigerants/blowing agents and alternative refrigeration technologies. This information is needed for objective and quantitative decisions on policies addressing greenhouse gas emissions from refrigeration and air conditioning equipment. The evaluation assesses the energy use and global warming impacts of refrigeration and air conditioning technologies that could be commercialized during the phase out of HCFCS. Quantitative comparison TEWI for two application areas are presented. Opportunities for significant reductions in TEWI are seen with currently known refrigerants through improved maintenance and servicing practices and improved product designs.

Sand, J.R.; Fischer, S.K.; Baxter, V.D.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

The status and prospects of renewable energy for combating global warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Reducing anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in material quantities, globally, is a critical element in limiting the impacts of global warming. GHG emissions associated with energy extraction and use are a major component of any strategy addressing climate change mitigation. Non-emitting options for electrical power and liquid transportation fuels are increasingly considered key components of an energy system with lower overall environmental impacts. Renewable energy technologies (RETs) as well as biofuels technologies have been accelerating rapidly during the past decades, both in technology performance and cost-competitiveness and they are increasingly gaining market share. These technology options offer many positive attributes, but also have unique cost/benefit trade-offs, such as land-use competition for bioresources and variability for wind and solar electric generation technologies. This paper presents a brief summary of status, recent progress, some technological highlights for \\{RETs\\} and biofuels, and an analysis of critical issues that must be addressed for \\{RETs\\} to meet a greater share of the global energy requirements and lower GHG emissions.

Douglas J. Arent; Alison Wise; Rachel Gelman

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Discussion on common errors in analyzing sea level accelerations, solar trends and global warming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Errors in applying regression models and wavelet filters used to analyze geophysical signals are discussed: (1) multidecadal natural oscillations (e.g. the quasi 60-year Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO), North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) and Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO)) need to be taken into account for properly quantifying anomalous accelerations in tide gauge records such as in New York City; (2) uncertainties and multicollinearity among climate forcing functions prevent a proper evaluation of the solar contribution to the 20th century global surface temperature warming using overloaded linear regression models during the 1900-2000 period alone; (3) when periodic wavelet filters, which require that a record is pre-processed with a reflection methodology, are improperly applied to decompose non-stationary solar and climatic time series, Gibbs boundary artifacts emerge yielding misleading physical interpretations. By correcting these errors and using optimized regression models that reduce multico...

Scafetta, Nicola

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

How America can look within to achieve energy security and reduce global warming.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Making major gains in energy efficiency is one of the most economical and effective ways our nation can wean itself off its dependence on foreign oil and reduce its emissions of greenhouse gases. Transportation and buildings, which account for two thirds of American energy usage, consume far more than they need to, but even though there are many affordable energy efficient technologies that can save consumers money, market imperfections inhibit their adoption. To overcome the barriers, the federal government must adopt policies that will transform the investments into economic and societal benefit. And the federal government must invest in research and development programs that target energy efficiency. Energy efficiency is one of America's great hidden energy reserves. We should begin tapping it now. Whether you want the United States to achieve greater energy security by weaning itself off foreign oil, sustain strong economic growth in the face of worldwide competition or reduce global warming by decreasing carbon emissions, energy efficiency is where you need to start. Thirty-five years ago the U.S. adopted national strategies, implemented policies and developed technologies that significantly improved energy efficiency. More than three decades have passed since then, and science and technology have progressed considerably, but U.S. energy policy has not. It is time to revisit the issue. In this report we examine the scientific and technological opportunities and policy actions that can make the United States more energy efficient, increase its security and reduce its impact on global warming. We believe the findings and recommendations will help Congress and the next administration to realize these goals. Our focus is on the transportation and buildings sectors of the economy. The opportunities are huge and the costs are small.

Richter, B.; Goldston, D.; Crabtree, G.; Glicksman, L.; Goldstein, D.; Greene, D.; Kammen, D.; Levin, M.; Lubell, M.; Savitz, M.; Sperling, D.; Schlachter, F.; Scofield, J.; Dawson, J. (Materials Science Division); (Massachusetts Inst. of Tech.); (National Resources Defense Council); (Harvard Univ.); (ORNL); (Univ. of California at Berkeley); (LBNL); (American Physical Society); (City Coll. of CUNY); (Stanford Linear Accelerator Center); (Stanford Univ.); (The Advisory Group); (Univ. of California at Davis)

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "net global warming" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Net ecosystem fluxes of isoprene over tropical South America inferred from Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Net ecosystem fluxes of isoprene over tropical South America inferred from Global Ozone Monitoring estimate isoprene emissions over tropical South America during 1997­2001 using column measurements (ATSR) firecounts and GOME NO2 columns. We find that South America can be split into eastern and western

Chance, Kelly

242

Marine methane cycle simulations for the period of early global warming  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Geochemical environments, fates, and effects are modeled for methane released into seawater by the decomposition of climate-sensitive clathrates. A contemporary global background cycle is first constructed, within the framework of the Parallel Ocean Program. Input from organics in the upper thermocline is related to oxygen levels, and microbial consumption is parameterized from available rate measurements. Seepage into bottom layers is then superimposed, representing typical seabed fluid flow. The resulting CH{sub 4} distribution is validated against surface saturation ratios, vertical sections, and slope plume studies. Injections of clathrate-derived methane are explored by distributing a small number of point sources around the Arctic continental shelf, where stocks are extensive and susceptible to instability during the first few decades of global warming. Isolated bottom cells are assigned dissolved gas fluxes from porous-media simulation. Given the present bulk removal pattern, methane does not penetrate far from emission sites. Accumulated effects, however, spread to the regional scale following the modeled current system. Both hypoxification and acidification are documented. Sensitivity studies illustrate a potential for material restrictions to broaden the perturbations, since methanotrophic consumers require nutrients and trace metals. When such factors are considered, methane buildup within the Arctic basin is enhanced. However, freshened polar surface waters act as a barrier to atmospheric transfer, diverting products into the deep return flow. Uncertainties in the logic and calculations are enumerated including those inherent in high-latitude clathrate abundance, buoyant effluent rise through the column, representation of the general circulation, and bacterial growth kinetics.

Elliott, S.; Maltrud, M.; Reagan, M.T.; Moridis, G.J.; Cameron-Smith, P.J.

2011-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

243

The relative contribution of waste heat from power plants to global warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Evidence on global climate change, being caused primarily by rising levels of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, is perceived as fairly conclusive. It is generally attributed to the enhanced greenhouse effect, resulting from higher levels of trapped heat radiation by increasing atmospheric concentrations of gases such as CO2 (carbon dioxide). Much of these gases originate from power plants and fossil fuel combustion. However, the fate of vast amounts of waste heat rejected into the environment has evaded serious scholarly research. While 1kWh electricity generation in a typical condensing coal-fired power plant emits around 1kg of CO2, it also puts about 2kWh energy into the environment as low grade heat. For nuclear (fission) electricity the waste heat release per kWh is somewhat higher despite much lower CO2 releases. This paper evaluates the impact of waste heat rejection combined with CO2 emissions using Finland and California as case examples. The immediate effects of waste heat release from power production and radiative forcing by CO2 are shown to be similar. However, the long-term (hundred years) global warming by CO2-caused radiative forcing is about twenty-five times stronger than the immediate effects, being responsible for around 92% of the heat-up caused by electricity production.

R. Zevenhoven; A. Beyene

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Global warming estimates, media expectations, and the asymmetry of scientific challenge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mass media in the U.S. continue to suggest that scientific consensus estimates of global climate disruption, such as those from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), are exaggerated and overly pessimistic. By contrast, work on the Asymmetry of Scientific Challenge (ASC) suggests that such consensus assessments are likely to understate climate disruptions. This paper offers an initial test of the competing expectations, making use of the tendency for science to be self-correcting, over time. Rather than relying in any way on the IPCC process, the paper draws evidence about emerging science from four newspapers that have been found in past work to be biased against reporting IPCC findings, consistently reporting instead that scientific findings are in dispute. The analysis considers two time periods one during the time when the papers were found to be overstating challenges to then-prevailing scientific consensus, and the other focusing on 2008, after the IPCC and former Vice-President Gore shared the Nobel Prize for their work on climate disruption, and before opinion polls showed the U.S. public to be growing more skeptical toward climate science once again. During both periods, new scientific findings were more than twenty times as likely to support the ASC perspective than the usual framing of the issue in the U.S. mass media. The findings indicate that supposed challenges to the scientific consensus on global warming need to be subjected to greater scrutiny, as well as showing that, if reporters wish to discuss both sides of the climate issue, the scientifically legitimate other side is that, if anything, global climate disruption may prove to be significantly worse than has been suggested in scientific consensus estimates to date.

William R. Freudenburg; Violetta Muselli

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Shortwave and longwave radiative contributions to global warming under increasing CO2  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology...Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge...enhancement of net absorbed solar radiation (ASR). A simple...balances the net absorbed solar radiation (ASR). In this...

Aaron Donohoe; Kyle C. Armour; Angeline G. Pendergrass; David S. Battisti

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

5/29/09 6:30 PMCyclones spurt water into the stratosphere, feeding global warming --The Harvard University Gazette Page 1 of 2http://www.news.harvard.edu/gazette/2009/04.23/11-romps.html  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

5/29/09 6:30 PMCyclones spurt water into the stratosphere, feeding global warming -- The Harvard water into the stratosphere, feeding global warming Tropical storms inject ice far into stratosphere readily inject ice far into the stratosphere, possibly feeding global warming. The finding, published

Romps, David M.

247

High-yield maize with large net energy yield and small global warming intensity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...diesel by electrical power for pumping irrigation...pump when electrical power is used, reducing...Compared with natural gas or diesel, the benefit...efficiency with electrical power more than offsets...electrical power generation, which relies heavily on coal-fired power plants. Water...

Patricio Grassini; Kenneth G. Cassman

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

High-yield maize with large net energy yield and small global warming intensity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...from a previous life cycle assessment...pumping rather than diesel or natural gas, fine-tuning...actual baseline. General Discussion. Increasing...be natural gas, diesel, and electricity...energy per liter of diesel (43 MJL-1...Improvements in life-cycle energy efficiency...

Patricio Grassini; Kenneth G. Cassman

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Long-Term Instrumental and Reconstructed Temperature Records Contradict Anthropogenic Global Warming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Monthly instrumental temperature records from 5 stations in the northern hemisphere are analyzed, each of which is local and over 200 years in length, as well as two reconstructed long-range yearly records - from a stalagmite and from tree rings that are about 2000 years long. In the instrumental records, the steepest 100-year temperature fall happened in the 19th century and the steepest rise in the 20th century, both events being of about the same magnitude. Evaluation by the detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA) yields Hurst exponents that are in good agreement with the literature. DFA, Monte Carlo simulations, and synthetic records reveal that both 100-year events were caused by external trends. In contrast to this, the reconstructed records show stronger 100-year rises and falls as quite common during the last 2000 years. These results contradict the hypothesis of an unusual (anthropogenic) global warming during the 20th century. As a hypothesis, the sun's magnetic field, which is correlated with sunspot numbers, is put forward as an explanation. The long-term low-frequency fluctuations in sunspot numbers are not detectable by the DFA in the monthly instrumental records, resulting in the common low Hurst exponents. The same does not hold true for the 2000-year-long reconstructed records, which explains both their higher Hurst exponents and the higher probabilities of strong 100-year temperature fluctuations. A long-term synthetic record that embodies the reconstructed sunspot number fluctuations includes the different Hurst exponents of both the instrumental and the reconstructed records and, therefore, corroborates the conjecture.

Horst-Joachim Ldecke

2011-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

250

Dust Bowl migration as an analog for possible global warming-induced migration from Mexico  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As a result of increases in CO{sub 2} and other radiatively important trace gases, scientists have predicted increases in mean worldwide temperatures of 2--5 degrees C over the next 50 to 100 years. Such temperature increases may result in climate modifications that would in turn be associated with increases in drought and desertification and could even change the patterns of the monsoons and tropical rains, which are important to agriculture throughout the world. They predicted that the rise in sea level caused by melting and thermal expansion of glaciers and polar icecaps could flood large population centers, destroying habitation and displacing populations. This will result in approximately 50 million ``environmental refugees`` worldwide, triple the number of today. The expected shifts in precipitation are also likely to result in (1) increased runoff contaminated with pesticides, salts, garbage, sewage, and eroded soil, and (2) drought also leading to increased soil erosion and salinization, as well as depletion of limited water resources. The total impact of global warming on agriculture and human habitation could considerably slow the economic development of some nations and would particularly affect agricultural production. Loss of homes, the inability to raise food, an increased prevalence of disease and worsened economic conditions may drive people to leave their homelands, seeking entry into countries which have more resources and greater resistance to the economic consequences of climatic change. This report looks at the possible environmental impacts and economic impacts of the greenhouse effect on Mexico while using the American Dust Bowl event as an analog.

Turner, M.H.; Longstreth, J.D.; Johnson, A.K.; Rosenberg, N.J.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Upward Shift of the Atmospheric General Circulation under Global Warming: Theory and Simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many features of the general circulation of the atmosphere shift upward in response to warming in simulations of climate change with both general circulation models (GCMs) and cloud-system-resolving models. The importance ...

Singh, Martin Simran

252

Warming alters the metabolic balance of ecosystems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...particular, it is unclear how global warming will affect the metabolic balance...change on key ecosystem services. global warming|carbon sequestration|carbon...for the ecological impacts of global warming on individual taxa is now unequivocal...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Long-memory effects in linear-response models of Earth's temperature and implications for future global warming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A linearized energy-balance model for global temperature is formulated, featuring a scale-free long-range memory (LRM) response and stochastic forcing representing the influence on the ocean heat reservoir from atmospheric weather systems. The model is parametrized by an effective response strength, the stochastic forcing strength, and the memory exponent. The instrumental global surface temperature record and the deterministic component of the forcing are used to estimate these parameters by means of the maximum-likelihood method. The residual obtained by subtracting the deterministic solution from the observed record is analyzed as a noise process and shown to be consistent with a long-memory time-series model and inconsistent with a short-memory model. By decomposing the forcing record in contributions from solar, volcanic, and anthropogenic activity one can estimate the contribution of each to 20'th century global warming. The LRM model is applied with a reconstruction of the forcing for the last millenni...

Rypdal, Martin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Could the Earth's surface Ultraviolet irradiance be blamed for the global warming? A new effect may exist  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Whether natural factors could interpret the rise of the Earth's surface temperature is still controversial. Though numerous recent researches have reported apparent correlations between solar activity and the Earth's climate, solar activity has encountered a big problem when describing the rapid global warming after 1970s. Our investigation shows the good positive correlations between the Earth's surface Ultraviolet irradiance (280-400 nm) and the Earth's surface temperature both in temporal and spatial variations by analyzing the global surface Ultraviolet irradiance (280-400 nm) and global surface temperature data from 1980-1999. The rise of CO$_2$ cannot interpret the good positive correlations, and we could even get an opposite result to the good correlations when employing the rise of CO$_2$ to describe the relation between them. Based on the good positive correlations, we suggest a new effect, named "Highly Excited Water Vapor" (HEWV) effect, which can interpret how the Sun influences the Earth's surfac...

Chen, Jilong; Zhao, Juan; Zheng, Yujun

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Interactive effects of global warming and `global worming' on the initial establishment of native and exotic herbaceous plant species  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

modeling allowed us to address possible mechanisms: direct effects of earthworms primarily affected exotic, chemical and physical properties of many ecosystems, yet little is known about their potential interactive, endogeic, epigeic, or all three together) and 4°C warming on soil water content, litter turnover

Weiblen, George D

256

Interactive effects of global warming and `global worming' on the initial establishment of native and exotic herbaceous plant species  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

modeling allowed us to address possible mechanisms: direct effects of earthworms primarily affected exotic and physical properties of many ecosystems, yet little is known about their potential interactive effects. We, epigeic, or all three together) and 4°C warming on soil water content, litter turnover and seedling

Minnesota, University of

257

A Vast Machine Computer Models, Climate Data, and the Politics of Global Warming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Climatology--History. 3. Meteorology--History. 4. Climatology--Technological innovation. 5. Global temperature

258

Global warming mitigation and renewable energy policy development from the Kyoto Protocol to the Copenhagen AccordA comment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Global warming is a grave environmental issue that has caught the attention of the globe. Due to the consequences of global warming, UNFCCC has established the Kyoto Protocol and the Copenhagen Accord as measures of combating climate change due to the emission of greenhouse gases. It has been three years since the first commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol and the Copenhagen Accord was just newly established. Therefore, there is a necessity to evaluate the performance of the Kyoto Protocol and to comment upon the Copenhagen Accord in its contributions toward climate change mitigation. Major greenhouse gas (GHG) emitters who are among the Kyoto Protocol ratifying developed nations exhibit the potential to achieve the desired Kyoto pledges through the aid of Clean Development Mechanisms (mainly from using renewable energy), as proposed in the Kyoto Protocol. However, the nullifying effects from non-ratified major emitters like the US and ratified but still developing countries have difficulties in adhering to the Kyoto Protocol. The Copenhagen Accord, on the other hand, is considered to be less ambitious and provides limited financial aid through the Copenhagen Green Climate Fund. The formulation of such a document indicates that modern societies continues to waste time in negotiations that emphasize on individual economic and political advantages, rather than taking into account true global considerations. It raises questions regarding how much time is needed before we decide to fully commit to the effective and collective efforts of climate change mitigation.

Lee Chung Lau; Keat Teong Lee; Abdul Rahman Mohamed

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Energy and Economic Impacts of H.R.5049, the Keep America Competitive Global Warming Policy Act  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3 3 Energy and Economic Impacts of H.R.5049, the Keep America Competitive Global Warming Policy Act August 2006 Energy Information Administration Office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. The information contained herein should be attributed to the Energy Information Administration and should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or any other organization. Service Reports are prepared by the Energy Information Administration upon special request and are based on assumptions specified by the requester.

260

Projected climate regime shift under future global warming from multi-model, multi-scenario CMIP5 simulations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study examined shifts in climate regimes over the global land area using the KppenTrewartha (KT) climate classification by analyzing observations during 19002010, and simulations during 19002100 from twenty global climate models participating in Phase 5 of the Coupled Model Inter-comparison Project (CMIP5). Under the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Representative Concentration Pathways 8.5 (RCP8.5) scenario, the models projected a 310C warming in annual temperature over the global land area by the end of the twenty-first century, with strong (moderate) warming in the high (middle) latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere and weaker warming in the tropics and the Southern Hemisphere. The projected changes in precipitation vary considerably in space and present greater uncertainties among the models. Overall, the models are consistent in projecting increasing precipitation over the high-latitude of the Northern Hemisphere, and reduced precipitation in the Mediterranean, southwestern North America, northern and southern Africa and Australia. Based on the projected changes in temperature and precipitation, the KT climate types would shift toward warmer and drier climate types from the current climate distribution. Regions of temperate, tropical and dry climate types are projected to expand, while regions of polar, sub-polar and subtropical climate types are projected to contract. The magnitudes of the projected changes are stronger in the RCP8.5 scenario than the low emission scenario RCP4.5. On average, the climate types in 31.4% and 46.3% of the global land area are projected to change by the end of the twenty-first century under RCP4.5 and RCP8.5 scenarios, respectively. Further analysis suggests that changes in precipitation played a slightly more important role in causing shifts of climate type during the twentieth century. However, the projected changes in temperature play an increasingly important role and dominate shifts in climate type when the warming becomes more pronounced in the twenty-first century.

Song Feng; Qi Hu; Wei Huang; Chang-Hoi Ho; Ruopu Li; Zhenghong Tang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "net global warming" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

The College of Natural Resources (CNR) is essentially UC Berkeley's college of the environment. From nutrition to global warming, biotechnology to sustainable forestry, environmental justice to energy, no other college is better  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. From nutrition to global warming, biotechnology to sustainable forestry, environmental justice&E) Concentration areas: - U.S. Environmental Policy & Management - Global Environmental Politics - Environmental and Management, Global Environmental Politics, or Environmental Justice and Development Prepare for graduate

Wildermuth, Mary C

262

Global warming due to increasing absorbed solar radiation Kevin E. Trenberth1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reducing cloud cover and increasing radiative emissions from higher temperatures. Instead the main warming in energy- related quantities provide a new perspective on issues important for climate change. As water vapor is the dominant greenhouse gas, it results in a positive feedback and roughly doubles

Fasullo, John

263

Evaluation of food waste disposal options by LCC analysis from the perspective of global warming: Jungnang case, South Korea  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: > Various food waste disposal options were evaluated from the perspective of global warming. > Costs of the options were compared by the methodology of life cycle assessment and life cycle cost analysis. > Carbon price and valuable by-products were used for analyzing environmental credits. > The benefit-cost ratio of wet feeding scenario was the highest. - Abstract: The costs associated with eight food waste disposal options, dry feeding, wet feeding, composting, anaerobic digestion, co-digestion with sewage sludge, food waste disposer, incineration, and landfilling, were evaluated in the perspective of global warming and energy and/or resource recovery. An expanded system boundary was employed to compare by-products. Life cycle cost was analyzed through the entire disposal process, which included discharge, separate collection, transportation, treatment, and final disposal stages, all of which were included in the system boundary. Costs and benefits were estimated by an avoided impact. Environmental benefits of each system per 1 tonne of food waste management were estimated using carbon prices resulting from CO{sub 2} reduction by avoided impact, as well as the prices of by-products such as animal feed, compost, and electricity. We found that the cost of landfilling was the lowest, followed by co-digestion. The benefits of wet feeding systems were the highest and landfilling the lowest.

Kim, Mi-Hyung, E-mail: mhkim9@snu.ac.kr [Department of Environmental Planning, Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Seoul National University, San 56-1, Sillim-Dong, Gwanak-Gu, Seoul 151-742 (Korea, Republic of); Song, Yul-Eum, E-mail: yesong0724@dongguk.edu [Department of Philosophy, Dongguk University, Pil-Dong 3-Ga, Jung-Gu, Seoul 100-715 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Life Science, Dongguk University, Pil-Dong 3-Ga, Jung-Gu, Seoul 100-715 (Korea, Republic of); Song, Han-Byul, E-mail: kuackyang@ssu.ac.kr [Department of Chemical Engineering, Soongsil University, Sangdo-Ro 369, Dongjak-Gu, Seoul 156-743 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Jung-Wk, E-mail: kimjw@snu.ac.kr [Department of Environmental Planning, Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Seoul National University, San 56-1, Sillim-Dong, Gwanak-Gu, Seoul 151-742 (Korea, Republic of); Hwang, Sun-Jin, E-mail: sjhwang@khu.ac.kr [Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Center for Environmental Studies, Kyung Hee University, Seocheon-Dong, Giheung-Gu, Yongin-Si, Gyeonggi-Do 446-701 (Korea, Republic of)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

264

The Role of Subtropical Irreversible PV Mixing in the Zonal Mean Circulation Response to Global Warming-like Thermal Forcing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The atmospheric circulation response to the global warming-like tropical upper tropospheric heating is revisited using a dry atmospheric general circulation model (AGCM) in light of a new diagnostics based on the concept of finite-amplitude wave activity (FAWA) on equivalent latitude. For a given tropical heating profile, the linear Wentzel-Kramers-Brillouin (WKB) wave refraction analysis sometimes gives a very different and even opposite prediction of the eddy momentum flux response to that of the actual full model simulation, exposing the limitation of the traditional linear approach in understanding the full dynamics of the atmospheric response under global warming. The implementation of the FAWA diagnostics reveals that in response to the upper tropospheric heating, effective diffusivity, a measure of the mixing efficiency, increases and advances upward and poleward in the subtropics and the resultant enhancement and the poleward encroachment of eddy potential vorticity mixing leads to a poleward displaced potential vorticity (PV) gradient peak in the upper troposphere. The anomalous eddy PV flux, in balance with the PV dissipation, gives rise to a poleward shift in the eddy-driven jet and eddy-driven mean meridional circulation. Sensitivity experiments show that these irreversible dissipation processes in the upper troposphere are robust, regardless of the width of the tropical heating.

Lu, Jian; Sun, Lantao; Wu, Yutian; Chen, Gang

2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

265

Who remembers a hot summer or a cold winter? The asymmetric effect of beliefs about global warming on perceptions of local climate conditions in the U.S.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper explores the phenomenon of local climate perception and the extent to which public perceptions match climate conditions as recorded in instrumental climate data. We further examine whether perceptions of changes in local climates are influenced by prior beliefs about global warming, through the process of motivated reasoning. Using national survey data collected in the United States in 2011, we find that subjective experiences of seasonal average temperature and precipitation during the previous winter and summer were related to recorded conditions during each season. Beliefs about global warming also had significant effects on subjective experiences with above-normal temperatures, particularly among those who believed that global warming is not happening. When asked about the summer of 2010, those who believed that global warming is not happening were significantly less likely to report that they had experienced a warmer-than-normal summer, even when controlling for demographics and local climate conditions. These results suggest that the subjective experience of local climate change is dependent not only on external climate conditions, but also on individual beliefs, with perceptions apparently biased by prior beliefs about global warming.

Peter D. Howe; Anthony Leiserowitz

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Cool Roofs Are Ready to Save Energy, Cool Urban Heat Islands, and Help Slow Global Warming  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

roofing is the fastest growing sector roofing is the fastest growing sector of the building industry, as building owners and facility managers realize the immediate and long-term benefits of roofs that stay cool in the sun. Studies exploring the energy efficiency, cost-effectiveness, and sustainability of cool roofs show that in warm or hot climates, substituting a cool roof for a conventional roof can: * Reduce by up to 15% the annual air-

267

Global warming in the twenty-first century: An alternative scenario  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...carbon emissions from diesel fuel and coal...understanding of the CH 4 cycle, especially CH 4 sources...I Koch D ( 2000 ) in General Circulation Model Development...1988 ) Global Biogeo Cycles 2 : 299 327 . 46 Karlsdottir S...2000 ) Global Biogeo Cycles 14 : 61 72 . 59 Sass...

James Hansen; Makiko Sato; Reto Ruedy; Andrew Lacis; Valdar Oinas

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Sensitivity of Climate to Diapycnal Diffusivity: Part I. Equilibrium State; Part II. Global Warming Scenario  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Part I: The diapycnal diffusivity in the ocean is one of the least known parameters in current climate models. Measurements of this diffusivity are sparse and insufficient for compiling a global map. Inferences from inverse ...

Dalan, Fabio.

269

Vegetationatmosphere interactions and their role in global warming during the latest Cretaceous  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...forest, which occupies extensive regions of Canada, Alaska, and Siberia. Poleward of 508...and a corresponding increase in absorbed solar radiation. Global mean surface temperature...from January through June when inci- dent solar radiation is increasing at high northern...

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Reply to Quantifying the consensus on anthropogenic global warming in the scientific literature: A re-analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Cook et al. (2013) (C13) found that 97% of relevant climate papers endorse anthropogenic global warming (AGW), consistent with previous independent studies. Tol (in press) (T14) agrees that the scientific literature overwhelmingly supports AGW, but disputes C13?s methods. We show that T14?s claims of a slightly lower consensus result from a basic calculation error that manufactures approximately 300 nonexistent rejection papers. T14?s claimed impact on consensus due to the reconciliation process is of the wrong sign, with reconciliation resulting in a slight increase (<0.2%) in the consensus percentage. Allegations of data inconsistency are based on statistics unrelated to consensus. Running the same tests using appropriate consensus statistics shows no evidence of inconsistency. We confirm that the consensus is robust at 971%.

John Cook; Dana Nuccitelli; Andrew Skuce; Peter Jacobs; Rob Painting; Rob Honeycutt; Sarah A. Green; Stephan Lewandowsky; Mark Richardson; Robert G. Way

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

A procedure for analyzing energy and global warming impacts of foam insulation in U.S. commercial buildings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this paper is to develop a procedure for evaluating the energy and global warming impacts of alternative insulation technologies for US commercial building applications. The analysis is focused on the sum of the direct contribution of greenhouse gas emissions from a system and the indirect contribution of the carbon dioxide emission resulting from the energy required to operate the system over its expected lifetime. In this paper, parametric analysis was used to calculate building related CO{sub 2} emission in two US locations. A retail mail building has been used as a model building for this analysis. For the analyzed building, minimal R-values of insulation are estimated using ASHRAE 90.1 requirements.

Kosny, J.; Yarbrough, D.W.; Desjarlais, A.O.

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Life cycle analysis of distributed concentrating solar combined heat and power: economics, global warming potential and water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report on life cycle assessment (LCA) of the economics, global warming potential and water (both for desalination and water use in operation) for a distributed concentrating solar combined heat and power (DCS-CHP) system. Detailed simulation of system performance across 1020 sites in the US combined with a sensible cost allocation scheme informs this LCA. We forecast a levelized cost of $0.25kWh?1 electricity and $0.03kWh?1 thermal, for a system with a life cycle global warming potential of ~80gCO2eqkWh?1 of electricity and ~10gCO2eqkWh?1 thermal, sited in Oakland, California. On the basis of the economics shown for air cooling, and the fact that any combined heat and power system reduces the need for cooling while at the same time boosting the overall solar efficiency of the system, DCS-CHP compares favorably to other electric power generation systems in terms of minimization of water use in the maintenance and operation of the plant. The outlook for water desalination coupled with distributed concentrating solar combined heat and power is less favorable. At a projected cost of $1.40m?3, water desalination with DCS-CHP would be economical and practical only in areas where water is very scarce or moderately expensive, primarily available through the informal sector, and where contaminated or salt water is easily available as feed-water. It is also interesting to note that $0.40$1.90m?3 is the range of water prices in the developed world, so DCS-CHP desalination systems could also be an economical solution there under some conditions.

Zack Norwood; Daniel Kammen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Global Warming Is Driven by Anthropogenic Emissions: A Time Series Analysis Approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The solar influence on global climate is nonstationary. Processes such as the Schwabe and Gleissberg cycles of the Sun, or the many intrinsic atmospheric oscillation modes, yield a complex pattern of interaction with multiple time scales. In addition, emissions of greenhouse gases, aerosols, or volcanic dust perturb the dynamics of this coupled system to different and still uncertain extents. Here we show, using two independent driving force reconstruction techniques, that the combined effect of greenhouse gases and aerosol emissions has been the main external driver of global climate during the past decades.

Pablo F. Verdes

2007-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

274

Joint CO2 and CH4 accountability for global warming Kirk R. Smitha,1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

debt index incorporating both methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. We develop national for global perspectives. We include CO2 emissions from fossil sources [CO2(f)], as well as, in a separate by decreasing CH4 emissions by 46% as stopping CO2 emissions entirely, but with substantial differences among

Silver, Whendee

275

Global properties of K hindrance probed by the ? decay of the warm rotating 174W nucleus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The K hindrance to the ? decay is studied in the warm rotating 174W nucleus, focusing on the weakening of the selection rules of the K quantum number with increasing excitation energy. 174W was populated by the fusion reaction of 50Ti (at 217 MeV) on a 128Te target, and its ? decay was detected by the AGATA Demonstrator array coupled to a BaF2 multiplicity filter at Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro of INFN. A fluctuation analysis of ? coincidence matrices gives a similar number of low-K and high-K discrete excited bands. The results are compared to simulations of the ?-decay flow based on a microscopic cranked shell model at finite temperature in which the K mixing is governed by the interplay of Coriolis force with the residual interaction. Agreement between simulations and experiment is obtained only by hindering the E1 decay between low-K and high-K bands by an amount compatible with that determined by spectroscopic studies of K isomers in the same mass region, with a similar trend with excitation energy. The work indicates that K mixing due to temperature effects may play a leading role for the entire body of discrete excited bands, which probes the onset region of K weakening.

V. Vandone et al.

2013-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

276

The Short-Term Cooling but Long-Term Global Warming Due to Biomass Burning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Biomass burning releases gases (e.g., CO2, CO, CH4, NOx, SO2, C2H6, C2H4, C3H8, C3H6) and aerosol particle components (e.g., black carbon, organic matter, K+, Na+, Ca2+, Mg2+, NH4+, H+, Cl?, H2SO4, HSO4?, SO42?, NO3?). To date, the global-scale climate response of ...

Mark Z. Jacobson

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Warming will affect phytoplankton differently: evidence through a mechanistic approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Although the consequences of global warming in aquatic ecosystems are only...populations in the context of global warming focus mainly on allometric relationships...and it has been proposed that global warming will benefit small-sized phytoplankton...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Warming alters community size structure and ecosystem functioning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...37-49, 08003 Barcelona, Spain Global warming can affect all levels of biological...structure|ecosystem functioning|global warming|body mass|size spectrum...The ecological implications of global warming have been documented across many...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

The Net Environmental Effects of Carbon Dioxide Reduction Policies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of policy measures have been proposed to reduce the emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2). However, policies which reduce CO2 emissions will also decrease the emissions of greenhouse-relevant gases methane are overlooked the net effect of CO2 reduction policies on global warming is understated. Thus, emissions of all

280

Integrated evaluation of energy use, greenhouse gas emissions and global warming potential for sugar beet (Beta vulgaris) agroecosystems in Iran  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The main aim of this study was to determine and discuss the aggregate of energy use and greenhouse gas emission (CO2, N2O, and CH4) for sugar beet agroecosystems in western of Iran. For this propose data was collected by using questionnaires and face to face interview with 50 farmers. Results showed that total inputs and output energy were 49517.2 and 1095360.0MJha?1, respectively. Energy use efficiency was 22.12. Total CO2, N2O and CH4 emissions due to chemical inputs were 2668.35, 22.92 and 3.49kg, respectively. In sugar beet farms total global warming potential (GWPs) was 9847.77kgCO2eqha?1. In terms of CO2 equivalents, 27% of the \\{GWPs\\} come from CO2, 72% from N2O, and 1% from CH4. In this research input and output carbon were 29340.0 and 2678.6kgCha?1, respectively. Hence, carbon efficiency ratio was 10.95.

Mohammad Yousefi; Mahmud Khoramivafa; Farzad Mondani

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "net global warming" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Global warming implications of facade parameters: A life cycle assessment of residential buildings in Bahrain  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On a global scale, the Gulf Corporation Council Countries (GCCC), including Bahrain, are amongst the top countries in terms of carbon dioxide emissions per capita. Building authority in Bahrain has set a target of 40% reduction of electricity consumption and associated CO{sub 2} emissions to be achieved by using facade parameters. This work evaluates how the life cycle CO{sub 2} emissions of buildings are affected by facade parameters. The main focus is placed on direct and indirect CO{sub 2} emissions from three contributors, namely, chemical reactions during production processes (Pco{sub 2}), embodied energy (Eco{sub 2}) and operational energy (OPco{sub 2}). By means of the life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology, it has been possible to show that the greatest environmental impact occurs during the operational phase (80-90%). However, embodied CO{sub 2} emissions are an important factor that needs to be brought into the systems used for appraisal of projects, and hence into the design decisions made in developing projects. The assessment shows that masonry blocks are responsible for 70-90% of the total CO{sub 2} emissions of facade construction, mainly due to their physical characteristics. The highest Pco{sub 2} emissions factors are those of window elements, particularly aluminium frames. However, their contribution of CO{sub 2} emissions depends largely on the number and size of windows. Each square metre of glazing is able to increase the total CO{sub 2} emissions by almost 30% when compared with the same areas of opaque walls. The use of autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC) walls reduces the total life cycle CO{sub 2} emissions by almost 5.2% when compared with ordinary walls, while the use of thermal insulation with concrete wall reduces CO{sub 2} emissions by 1.2%. The outcome of this work offers to the building industry a reliable indicator of the environmental impact of residential facade parameters. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Life cycle carbon assessment of facade parameters. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Greatest environmental impact occurs during the operational phase. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Masonry blocks are responsible for 70-90% of the total CO2 emissions of facade construction. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Window contribution of CO2 emissions depends on the number and size of windows. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Without insulation, AAC walls offer more savings in CO2 emissions.

Radhi, Hassan, E-mail: h_alradhi@yahoo.com [Global Engineering Bureau, P.O Box 33130, Manama, Kingdom of Bahrain (Bahrain); Sharples, Stephen, E-mail: steve.sharples@liverpool.ac.uk [School of Architecture, University of Liverpool (United Kingdom)

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

282

Possible change in distribution of seaweed, Sargassum horneri, in northeast Asia under A2 scenario of global warming and consequent effect on some fish  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Global warming effects on seaweed beds are already perceptible. Their geographical distributions greatly depend on water temperatures. To predict future geographical distributions of brown alga, Sargassum horneri, forming large beds in the northwestern Pacific, we referred to future monthly surface water temperatures at about 1.1 of longitude and 0.6 of latitude in February and August in 2050 and 2100 simulated by 12 organizations under an A2 scenario of global warming. The southern limit of S. horneri distribution is expected to keep moving northward such that it may broadly disappear from Honshu Island, the Chinese coast, and Korean Peninsula in 2100, when tropical Sargassum species such as Sargassum tenuifolium may not completely replace S. horneri. Thus, their forests in 2100 do not substitute those of S. horneri in 2000. Fishes using the beds and seaweed rafts consisting of S. horneri in East China Sea suffer these disappearances.

Teruhisa Komatsu; Masahiro Fukuda; Atsuko Mikami; Shizuha Mizuno; Attachai Kantachumpoo; Hideaki Tanoue; Michio Kawamiya

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Variations in coral reef net community calcification and aragonite saturation state on local and global scales  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Predicting the response of net community calcification (NCC) to ocean acidification OA and declining aragonite saturation state [Omega]a requires a thorough understanding of controls on NCC. The diurnal control of light ...

Bernstein, Whitney Nicole

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

An Evaluation of the Environmental Impact of Different Commercial Supermarket Refrigeration Systems Using Low Global Warming Potential Refrigerants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Commercial refrigeration systems consumed 1.21 Quads of primary energy in 2010 and are known to be a major source for refrigerant charge leakage into the environment. Thus, it is important to study the environmental impact of commercial supermarket refrigeration systems and improve their design to minimize any adverse impacts. The system s Life Cycle Climate Performance (LCCP) was presented as a comprehensive metric with the aim of calculating the equivalent mass of carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere throughout its lifetime, from construction to operation and destruction. In this paper, an open source tool for the evaluation of the LCCP of different air-conditioning and refrigeration systems is presented and used to compare the environmental impact of a typical multiplex direct expansion (DX) supermarket refrigeration systems based on three different refrigerants as follows: two hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) refrigerants (R-404A, and R-407F), and a low global warming potential (GWP) refrigerant (N-40). The comparison is performed in 8 US cities representing different climates. The hourly energy consumption of the refrigeration system, required for the calculation of the indirect emissions, is calculated using a widely used building energy modeling tool (EnergyPlus). A sensitivity analysis is performed to determine the impact of system charge and power plant emission factor on the LCCP results. Finally, we performed an uncertainty analysis to determine the uncertainty in total emissions for both R-404A and N-40 operated systems. We found that using low GWP refrigerants causes a considerable drop in the impact of uncertainty in the inputs related to direct emissions on the uncertainty of the total emissions of the system.

Beshr, Mohamed [University of Maryland, College Park; Aute, Vikrant [University of Maryland, College Park; Abdelaziz, Omar [ORNL; Fricke, Brian A [ORNL; Radermacher, Reinhard [University of Maryland, College Park

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Impacts of global warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In Ionescus play Rhinoceros...written for the theater of the absurd, he explores the pressures on people to conform to trends and adopt expanding belief systems. As more and more people turn into rhinos, the pre...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Post-doctoral Position Title Quantify the net global climate impacts of past and future land-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

objective is to make this protocol widely available so that other earth system modeling groups outside uses and land use changes in global earth system models, and test the impact of various implementation

Pouyanne, Nicolas

287

Global human appropriation of net primary production doubled in the 20th century  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of HANPP per dollar of global GDP based on...of HANPP per capita based on...that future demand for biomass...biomass for energy identified...harvest for energy production...product (GDP) of 2...of HANPP per unit of GDP...HANPP per capita in the five...the future demand for biomass...

Fridolin Krausmann; Karl-Heinz Erb; Simone Gingrich; Helmut Haberl; Alberte Bondeau; Veronika Gaube; Christian Lauk; Christoph Plutzar; Timothy D. Searchinger

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Seventy-five-million-year-old tropical tetra-like fish from Canada tracks Cretaceous global warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...4552.0.CO;2 ) Frakes, L. A. 1999 Estimating the global thermal state from Cretaceous sea surface and continental temperature...Cretaceous continental vertebrate faunas of Niger and northern Sudan. In Geoscientific research in Northeast Africa (eds U. Thorweihe...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

On the impact of urban heat island and global warming on the power demand and electricity consumption of buildingsA review  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Urban heat island and global warming increase significantly the ambient temperature. Higher temperatures have a serious impact on the electricity consumption of the building sector increasing considerably the peak and the total electricity demand. The present paper aims to collect, analyze and present in a comparative way existing studies investigating the impact of ambient temperature increase on electricity consumption. Analysis of eleven studies dealing with the impact of the ambient temperature on the peak electricity demand showed that for each degree of temperature increase, the increase of the peak electricity load varies between 0.45% and 4.6%. This corresponds to an additional electricity penalty of about 21 (10.4)W per degree of temperature increase and per person. In parallel, analysis of fifteen studies examining the impact of ambient temperature on the total electricity consumption, showed that the actual increase of the electricity demand per degree of temperature increase varies between 0.5% and 8.5%.

M. Santamouris; C. Cartalis; A. Synnefa; D. Kolokotsa

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

The Impact of Global Warming on the Carbon Cycle of Arctic Permafrost: An Experimental and Field Based Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Our results to date indicate that CO2 and CH4 fluxes from organic poor, Arctic cryosols on Axel Heiberg Island are net CH4 sinks and CO2 emitters in contrast to organic-rich peat deposits at sub-Arctic latitudes. This is based upon field observations and a 1.5 year long thawing experiment performed upon one meter long intact cores. The results of the core thawing experiments are in good agreement with field measurements. Metagenomic, metatranscriptomic and metaproteomic analyses indicate that high affinity aerobic methanotrophs belong to the uncultivated USCalpha are present in <1% abundance in these cryosols are are active in the field during the summer and in the core thawing experiments. The methanotrophs are 100 times more abundant than the methanogens. As a result mineral cryosols, which comprise 87% of Arctic tundra, are net methane sinks. Their presence and activity may account for the discrepancies observed between the atmospheric methane concentrations observed in the Arctic predicted by climate models and the observed seasonal fluctuations and decadal trends. This has not been done yet.

Onstott, Tullis C [Princeton University; Pffifner, Susan M; Chourey, Karuna [Oak Ridge National Laboratory

2014-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

291

Long-term soil warming and Carbon Cycle Feedbacks to the Climate System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The primary objective of the proposed research was to quantify and explain the effects of a sustained in situ 5oC soil temperature increase on net carbon (C) storage in a northeastern deciduous forest ecosystem. The research was done at an established soil warming experiment at the Harvard Forest in central Massachusetts Barre Woods site established in 2001. In the field, a series of plant and soil measurements were made to quantify changes in C storage in the ecosystem and to provide insights into the possible relationships between C-storage changes and nitrogen (N) cycling changes in the warmed plots. Field measurements included: 1) annual woody increment; 2) litterfall; 3) carbon dioxide (CO2) efflux from the soil surface; 4) root biomass and respiration; 5) microbial biomass; and 6) net N mineralization and net nitrification rates. This research was designed to increase our understanding of how global warming will affect the capacity of temperate forest ecosystems to store C. The work explored how soil warming changes the interactions between the C and N cycles, and how these changes affect land-atmosphere feedbacks. This core research question framed the project What are the effects of a sustained in situ 5oC soil temperature increase on net carbon (C) storage in a northeastern deciduous forest ecosystem? A second critical question was addressed in this research What are the effects of a sustained in situ 5{degrees}C soil temperature increase on nitrogen (N) cycling in a northeastern deciduous forest ecosystem?

Melillo, Jerry M.

2014-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

292

CCS, Nuclear Power and Biomass An Assessment of Option Triangle under Global Warming Mitigation Policy by an Integrated Assessment Model MARIA-23  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract It is well understood that the global climate change caused by the increase of greenhouse gas (GHG) emission would be a serious barrier towards the sustainable development. Nuclear power, CCS and biomass have been regarded as the major options in the GHG mitigation policy. However, since the social acceptance of nuclear power expansion has seriously been changed after the gigantic earthquake on March 11, 2011 followed by the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power station accident, the energy policy makers are forced to consider both the global warming and the decline of nuclear power simultaneously. This study attempts to address the following key questions: (1) how much additional costs or decline of production will be needed when nuclear power expansion is limited under the GHG emission control policies and (2) to what extent the potential of the biomass and CCS could compensate for the nuclear power reductions. We expand an integrated assessment model, MARIA-23 (Multiregional Approach for Resource and Industry Allocation) to deal with the CCS options and biomass options taking into account the additional carbon emission by cultivation. The simulation results show the interrelationships of the carbon mitigation contributions of the above three major options under various scenarios.

Shunsuke Mori; Keisuke Miyaji; Kazuhisa Kamegai

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Quantifying the role of fire in the Earth system - Part 2: Impact on the net carbon balance of global terrestrial ecosystems for the 20th century  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fire is the primary terrestrial ecosystem disturbance agent on a global scale. It affects carbon balance of global terrestrial ecosystems by emitting carbon to atmosphere directly and immediately from biomass burning (i.e., fire direct effect), and by changing net ecosystem productivity and land-use carbon loss in post-fire regions due to biomass burning and fire-induced vegetation mortality (i.e., fire indirect effect). Here, we provide the first quantitative assessment about the impact of fire on the net carbon balance of global terrestrial ecosystems for the 20th century, and investigate the roles of fire direct and indirect effects. This study is done by quantifying the difference between the 20th century fire-on and fire-off simulations with NCAR community land model CLM4.5 as the model platform. Results show that fire decreases net carbon gain of the global terrestrial ecosystems by 1.0 Pg C yr-1 average across the 20th century, as a results of fire direct effect (1.9 Pg C yr-1) partly offset by indirect effect (-0.9 Pg C yr-1). Fire generally decreases the average carbon gains of terrestrial ecosystems in post-fire regions, which are significant over tropical savannas and part of forests in North America and the east of Asia. The general decrease of carbon gains in post-fire regions is because fire direct and indirect effects have similar spatial patterns and the former (to decrease carbon gain) is generally stronger. Moreover, the effect of fire on net carbon balance significantly declines prior to ~1970 with trend of 8 Tg C yr-1 due to increasing fire indirect effect and increases afterward with trend of 18 Tg C yr-1 due to increasing fire direct effect.

Li, Fang; Bond-Lamberty, Benjamin; Levis, Samuel

2014-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

294

The reef-building coral Siderastrea siderea exhibits parabolic responses to ocean acidification and warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...ocean acidification and warming Karl D. Castillo 1 Justin...are predicted to cause global average surface ocean...2553 microatm) and warming (25, 28, 32C) on...ocean acidification and global warming through pH up-regulation...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

The effect of fertilizer practices on N balance and global warming potential of maizesoybeanwheat rotations in Northeastern China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Long-term agronomic studies are useful to determine cropping system nitrogen (N) use efficiency and the fate of applied fertilizers. We used a subtractive fertilizer experiment incorporating N, phosphorous (P), potassium (K) and swine manure to determine long-term changes in grain yield, soil organic carbon (SOC), total soil nitrogen (N), as well as carbon dioxide (CO2) and nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions. The experiment was conducted on a 22-year maizesoybeanwheat rotation in Northeastern China. Crop residues were removed for cooking fuel and forage according to local practices. Five fertilizer treatments were applied annually: control (no fertilizer), NK, NP, NPK, and NPKOM (N, P, K and manure). The NPKOM treatment increased SOC and total soil N by 4.59 and 0.45Mgha?1, respectively. In contrast, SOC decreased by 10.6 and 6.64Mgha?1 in the control and NK treatments, respectively. The NPKOM treatment had an average of 2.9 times more N2O emissions than the other fertilizer treatments. The cropping system balances for N and SOC, together with fuel use for farming practices and manure handling, were used to calculate the global warming potential (GWP) of the different fertilizer treatments. Due to SOC sequestration, the GWP of the NPKOM treatment (6.77MgCequivalentha?1) was significantly lower than that of both the control (14.4MgCequivalentha?1) and the NK treatment (12.8MgCequivalentha?1). The results suggest that in rainfed agricultural systems in Northeastern China, the application of manure supplemented with NPK can simultaneously achieve higher grain yield and lower GWP compared to mineral fertilizers alone.

Yunfa Qiao; Shujie Miao; Xiaozeng Han; Mengyang You; Xia Zhu; William R. Horwath

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Hot News on Warming Text from The Washington Post Monday, August 28, 2000: Page A18 IF YOU"RE trying to decide whether to be an optimist or a pessimist on global warming, recent news is enough to leave  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. It has been a subject of contention because it is a byproduct of burning fossil fuels, such as coal on air pollution, which the scientists argue should be attractive action in all parts of the world, independent of concerns about warming, because of the health benefits of cleaner air. That optimistic scenario

297

An introduction to global warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The physics of climate and of climate changes associated with increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere are briefly presented. Construction of a toy model of the climate is discussed. Possibilities for reducing carbon dioxide emissions are indicated. Degrees of uncertainty characterizing predictions of climate responses to anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions are presented.

John R. Barker; Marc H. Ross

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

GLOBAL WARMING, THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-LATITUDE GLACIERS South Cascade Glacier, Washington 1928 2000 http://ak.water.usgs.gov/glaciology/south_cascade/1928,000 YEARS Vostok core, Antarctica Modified from Petit et al., Nature, 1999 #12;Looking to the Future;#12;#12;CARPOOLING CAN SAVE MORE THAN GAS #12;WHERE DOES YOUR ELECTRIC ENERGY COME FROM? 50 40 30 20 10 0 PercentofTo

Schwartz, Stephen E.

299

Diet, Energy, and Global Warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The energy consumption of animal- and plant-based diets and, more broadly, the range of energetic planetary footprints spanned by reasonable dietary choices are compared. It is demonstrated that the greenhouse gas emissions of various diets vary ...

Gidon Eshel; Pamela A. Martin

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Global Warming in Geologic Time  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The notion is pervasive in the climate science community and in the public at large that the climate impacts of fossil fuel CO2 release will only persist for a few centuries. This conclusion has no basis in theory or models of the atmosphere / ocean carbon cycle, which we review here. The largest fraction of the CO2 recovery will take place on time scales of centuries, as CO2 invades the ocean, but a significant fraction of the fossil fuel CO2, ranging in published models in the literature from 20-60%, remains airborne for a thousand years or longer. Ultimate recovery takes place on time scales of hundreds of thousands of years, a geologic longevity typically associated in public perceptions with nuclear waste. The glacial / interglacial climate cycles demonstrate that ice sheets and sea level respond dramatically to millennial-timescale changes in climate forcing. There are also potential positive feedbacks in the carbon cycle, including methane hydrates in the ocean, and peat frozen in permafrost, that are most sensitive to the long tail of the fossil fuel CO2 in the atmosphere.

David Archer

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "net global warming" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

ARM - What Causes Global Warming?  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and deforestation, which are both manmade sources. The other 36 percent of the greenhouse effect is due primarily to: methane gas, nitrogen oxides, ozone, and...

302

Charles R. Goldman, Michio Kumagai, Richard D. Robarts: Climatic change and global warming of inland waters. Impacts and mitigation for ecosystems and societies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This book is about changes that have occurred and are likely to happen in surface inland waters, both fresh and saline, as warming proceeds. The book is organised in three ... chapters describe and analyse the ef...

Luc Hens

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Central issues in the negotiations on limiting greenhouse warming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The three central questions in the international negotiations on greenhouse warming are: (1) How much global warming should be tolerated? (2) How much responsibility for past emissions should be assigned to present ...

Eckaus, Richard S.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Warm absorbers in X-rays (WAX), a comprehensive high resolution grating spectral study of a sample of Seyfert galaxies: I. A global view and frequency of occurrence of warm absorbers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present results from a homogeneous analysis of the broadband 0.3-10 keV CCD resolution as well as of soft X-ray high-resolution grating spectra of a hard X-ray flux-limited sample of 26 Seyfert galaxies observed with XMM-Newton. Our goal is to characterise the warm absorber (WA) properties along the line-of-sight to the active nucleus. We significantly detect WAs in $65\\%$ of the sample sources. Our results are consistent with WAs being present in at least half of the Seyfert galaxies in the nearby Universe, in agreement with previous estimates . We find a gap in the distribution of the ionisation parameter in the range $0.5warm absorber flow is probably constituted by a clumpy distribution of discrete clouds rather than a continuous medium. The distribution of the WA column densities for the sources with broad Fe K$\\alpha$ lines are similar to those sources which do not have broadened emission l...

Laha, Sibasish; Dewangan, Gulab C; Chakravorty, Susmita; Kembhavi, Ajit K

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Impact of the Southern ocean winds on sea-ice - ocean interaction and its associated global ocean circulation in a warming world  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation discusses a linkage between the Southern Ocean (SO) winds and the global ocean circulation in the framework of a coarse-resolution global ocean general circulation model coupled to a sea-ice model. In addition to reexamination...

Cheon, Woo Geunn

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

306

Cumulative carbon emissions, emissions floors and short-term rates of warming: implications for policy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...link between peak human-induced global warming and cumulative carbon emissions...in avoiding some level of peak global warming. The recent Copenhagen Accord...impacts of climate change, even if global warming does remain below 2C [27,28...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Warming and nitrogen affect size structuring and density dependence in a hostparasitoid food web  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...effects. herbivore|global warming|predator-prey...how co-occurring global change drivers...artificial field warming experiment with factorial...Wardle, D. A. 2008 Global change and species...Thompson, P. L. 2012 Warming shifts top-down...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

PNNL: Atmospheric Sciences & Global Change - Frontiers in Global Change  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Frontiers in Global Change Frontiers in Global Change Dr. Thanos Nenes Dr. Thanos Nenes Aerosol-Cloud Interactions: The Elusive Component of Climate Change Dr. Thanos Nenes Professor & Georgia Power Faculty Scholar, School of Earth & Atmospheric Sciences, School of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA Thursday, August 1, 2013 EMSL Auditorium 10:00AM The effect of human activities on climate is one of the most important issues facing society. Humans influence climate in many ways. Emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) tend to warm climate, by reducing the amount of infrared radiation that is emitted to space. Increased levels of suspended atmospheric particles ("aerosols") exert a net cooling effect by directly scattering and absorption of solar radiation (the "aerosol direct climatic

309

Global warming potentials; Part 7 of 7 supporting documents. Sector-specific issues and reporting methodologies supporting the general guidelines for voluntary reporting of greenhouse gases under Section 1605(b) of the Energy Policy Act of 1992; Public review draft  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document provides methods to account for the different effects of different gases on the atmosphere. It discusses the rationale and uses for simplified measures to represent human-related effects on climate and provides a brief introduction to a major index, the global warming potential (GWP) index. Appendix 7.A analyzes the science underlying the development of indices for concerns about climate, which is still evolving, evaluates the usefulness of currently available indices, and presents the state of the art for numerical indices and their uncertainties. For concerns about climate, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has been instrumental in examining relative indices for comparing the radiative influences of greenhouse gases. The IPCC developed the concept of GWPs to provide a simple representation of the relative effects on climate resulting from a unit mass emission of a greenhouse gas. Alternative measures and variations on the definition of GWPs have also been considered and reported.

Not Available

1994-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

310

A model for the contribution of macrophyte-derived organic carbon in harvested tidal freshwater marshes to surrounding estuarine and oceanic ecosystems and its response to global warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The tidal freshwater marshes dominated by Phragmites australis (common reed) in the Chongxi Wetland are important components of the Yangtze River estuary in China. The litter from P. australis is exported to the surrounding estuarine area and the sea with the tidal flushing in the form of plant residue, particulate organic matter, and dissolved organic matter and is an important organic carbon resource of the East China Sea. A model was constructed using STELLA software (version 9.1.3) to simulate the contribution of macrophyte-derived organic carbon to surrounding estuary and ocean ecosystems. The model is based on the monitoring and observational data from field surveys and published information on the Chongxi Wetland from 2008 to 2011, and the response of the total organic carbon flowing out of the wetland to global changes was also predicted in conditions of plant shoots that were annually harvested in winter. The results demonstrate the following: (1) the annual contributed organic carbon is 891gCm?2, of which 612gCm?2 flows out of the wetland directly as plant residue; (2) total organic carbon continually increases after a short decrease at the start of April of 2010, retains a high value from mid-July to mid-November and rapidly decreases to approximately zero during the harvest of the aboveground plant organs; and (3) accumulated annual organic carbon contributions to the surrounding estuarine and oceanic ecosystems are predicted to increase as the global average temperature rises, and the sea level increases.

Jiarui Zhang; Sven E. Jrgensen; Jianjian Lu; Sren N. Nielsen; Qiang Wang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Net Metering  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In October 2009, the Regulatory Commission of Alaska (RCA) approved net metering regulations. These rules were finalized and approved by the lieutenant governor in January 2010 and became...

312

Global Climate Change Links  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Global Climate Change Links Global Climate Change Links This page provides links to web pages that we at CDIAC feel do a responsible job of presenting information and discussion pertinent to the science behind the global climate change ("global warming") debate. These sites include those on both sides of the debate; some asserting that global warming is a clear and present danger, and others that might be labeled global warming "skeptics." Some of these sites don't take a position per se; they exist to offer the public objective scientific information and results on our present understanding of the climate system. The list is not intended to be comprehensive, by any means. We hope it will be especially helpful for those who may be just beginning their research into global

313

Upper ocean heat and freshwater budgets in the eastern Pacific warm Hemantha W. Wijesekera,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that anticyclonic eddies, which form near the Central American coast, may carry anomalously warm sea surface, and penetrative solar radiation were all significant components of the heat budget with a net surface cooling

Pierce, Stephen

314

Asymmetric effects of daytime and night-time warming on Northern Hemisphere vegetation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... higher night temperature from global warming. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 101, 99719975 (2004) Prasad, P. V. V., Pisipati, S. R., Ristic, ...

Shushi Peng; Shilong Piao; Philippe Ciais; Ranga B. Myneni; Anping Chen; Frdric Chevallier; Albertus J. Dolman; Ivan A. Janssens; Josep Peuelas; Gengxin Zhang; Sara Vicca; Shiqiang Wan; Shiping Wang; Hui Zeng

2013-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

315

Net Metering  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

No limit specified (Board of Public Utilities may limit to 2.5% of peak demand) 9 * California o Net Excess Generation (NEG): Credited to customer's next bill at retail rate. - At...

316

Net Metering  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

North Dakota's net-metering policy, adopted in 1991 by the state Public Service Commission (PSC), applies to renewable-energy systems and combined heat and power (CHP) systems up to 100 kilowatts ...

317

Net Metering  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

[http://nebraskalegislature.gov/FloorDocs/101/PDF/Final/LB436.pdf LB 436], signed in May 2009, established statewide net metering rules for all electric utilities in Nebraska. The rules apply to...

318

Net Metering  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Nevada's original net-metering law for renewable-energy systems was enacted in 1997 and amended in 2001, 2003, 2005 and 2007. Systems up to one megawatt (MW) in capacity that generate electricity...

319

Heterotrophic Soil Respiration in Warming Experiments: Using Microbial Indicators to Partition Contributions from Labile and Recalcitrant Soil Organic Carbon. Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The central objective of the proposed work was to develop a genomic approach (nucleic acid-based) that elucidates the mechanistic basis for the observed impacts of experimental soil warming on forest soil respiration. The need to understand the mechanistic basis arises from the importance of such information for developing effective adaptation strategies for dealing with projected climate change. Specifically, robust predictions of future climate will permit the tailoring of the most effective adaptation efforts. And one of the greatest uncertainties in current global climate models is whether there will be a net loss of carbon from soils to the atmosphere as climate warms. Given that soils contain approximately 2.5 times as much carbon as the atmosphere, a net loss could lead to runaway climate warming. Indeed, most ecosystem models predict that climate warming will stimulate microbial decomposition of soil carbon, producing such a positive feedback to rising global temperatures. Yet the IPCC highlights the uncertainty regarding this projected feedback. The uncertainty arises because although warming-experiments document an initial increase in the loss of carbon from soils, the increase in respiration is short-lived, declining to control levels in a few years. This attenuation could result from changes in microbial physiology with temperature. We explored possible microbial responses to warming using experiments and modeling. Our work advances our understanding of how soil microbial communities and their activities are structured, generating insight into how soil carbon might respond to warming. We show the importance of resource partitioning in structuring microbial communities. Specifically, we quantified the relative abundance of fungal taxa that proliferated following the addition of organic substrates to soil. We added glycine, sucrose, cellulose, lignin, or tannin-protein to soils in conjunction with 3-bromo-deoxyuridine (BrdU), a nucleotide analog. Active microbes absorb BrdU from the soil solution; if they multiply in response to substrate additions, they incorporate the BrdU into their DNA. After allowing soils to incubate, we extracted BrdU-labeled DNA and sequenced the ITS regions of fungal rDNA. Fungal taxa that proliferated following substrate addition were likely using the substrate as a resource for growth. We found that the structure of active fungal communities varied significantly among substrates. The active fungal community under glycine was significantly different from those under other conditions, while the active communities under sucrose and cellulose were marginally different from each other and the control. These results indicate that the overall community structure of active fungi was altered by the addition of glycine, sucrose, and cellulose and implies that some fungal taxa respond to changes in resource availability. The community composition of active fungi is also altered by experimental warming. We found that glycine-users tended to increase under warming, while lignin-, tannin/protein-, and sucrose-users declined. The latter group of substrates requires extracellular enzymes for use, but glycine does not. It is possible that warming selects for fungal species that target, in particular, labile substrates. Linking these changes in microbial communities and resource partitioning to soil carbon dynamics, we find that substrate mineralization rates are, in general, significantly lower in soils exposed to long-term warming. This suggests that microbial use of organic substrates is impaired by warming. Yet effects are dependent on substrate identity. There are fundamental differences in the metabolic capabilities of the communities in the control and warmed soils. These differences might relate to the changes in microbial community composition, which appeared to be associated with groups specialized on different resources. We also find that functional responses indicate temperature acclimation of the microbial community. There are distinct seasonal patterns and to long-term soil warming, with

Bradford, M A; Melillo, J M; Reynolds, J F; Treseder, K K; Wallenstein, M D

2010-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

320

Working Fluids Low Global Warming Potential Refrigerants  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Working Fluids Low GWP Working Fluids Low GWP Refrigerants - CRADA Ed Vineyard Oak Ridge National Laboratory vineyardea@ornl.gov (865) 574-0576 3 April 2013 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: - High GWP refrigerants increase CO 2 equivalent emissions for HVAC&R equipment - Low GWP alternatives may increase energy consumption, introduce safety risks, require significant modifications to equipment, and have higher costs

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "net global warming" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Working Fluids Low Global Warming Potential Refrigerants  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Working Fluids Low GWP Working Fluids Low GWP Refrigerants - CRADA Ed Vineyard Oak Ridge National Laboratory vineyardea@ornl.gov (865) 574-0576 3 April 2013 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: - High GWP refrigerants increase CO 2 equivalent emissions for HVAC&R equipment - Low GWP alternatives may increase energy consumption, introduce safety risks, require significant modifications to equipment, and have higher costs

322

Realistic Mitigation Options for Global Warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...waste heat recovery, boiler modifications, and...through improved plant operation and mainte-nance...and intermediate load operation. kBased on replacing...emissions (Table 3). Fundamental improvements in industrial...program to devel-op safe, lower cost nonfossil...

Edward S. Rubin; Richard N. Cooper; Robert A. Frosch; Thomas H. Lee; Gregg Marland; Arthur H. Rosenfeld; Deborah D. Stine

1992-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

323

Working Fluids Low Global Warming Potential Refrigerants  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Lead Performer: Oak Ridge National Laboratory - Oak Ridge, TN Partners: -- Honeywell - Morristown, NJ -- University of Maryland - College Park, MD

324

Heat Waves, Global Warming, and Mitigation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Demand Responses to Climate Change: Methodology and Application to the Com- monwealth of Massachusetts,

Carlson, Ann E.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Global warming in the public sphere  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...shown how public awareness...include the energy crises in...attention to energy-climate...for active communication on regional...role to sway public opinion in...to improve communication, understanding...notion of the public sphere as...hosted by Conservation Foundation...

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Global warming in the public sphere  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...energy options 1979 energy crisis-the moral...comes close to home a renewed sense...production and consumption of environmental...President's proposed energy policy. Vital...northern hemisphere average temperatures series. Energy Environ. 14...

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Realistic Mitigation Options for Global Warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...See also Scientific Assessment of Stratospheric Ozone...Of-fice of Technology Assessment, Washington, DC...Production Costs: Operating Steam-Electric Plants...costs for new generation systems were 3.0 to 4.5...Office of Tech-nology Assessment, Washington, DC...

Edward S. Rubin; Richard N. Cooper; Robert A. Frosch; Thomas H. Lee; Gregg Marland; Arthur H. Rosenfeld; Deborah D. Stine

1992-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

328

Taking Global Warming to The People  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...getting the message. Twenty-two firms, including DuPont, Boeing, and Shell, work with the Pew...getting the message. Twenty-two firms, including DuPont, Boeing, and Shell, work with the Pew Center to find ways to lessen...

Kathryn S. Brown

1999-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

329

When could global warming reach 4C?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...for the main projections in the IPCC), and also Earth System Models of Intermediate Complexity (EMIC). The C4MIP models...response). 3 For further information on GCM-based Earth System Models, EMICs and SCMs, see Meehl et al.-[4]. 4...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Global warming and thermohaline circulation stability  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...often be analysed analytically to give conceptual understanding. Intermediate complexity models (often called `Earth System Models of Intermediate Complexity' or `EMICs') include more processes, albeit often in highly parametrized ways...

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Pushing the Scary Side of Global Warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the public, we should not rely on the new result, argues Hans von Storch of the GKSS Institute for Coastal Research in Geesthacht, Germany. The newest results are not necessarily the best ones. The IPCC should represent a certain filter. That every...

Richard A. Kerr

2007-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

332

Reply to "Hurricanes and Global Warming--  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

change. Anthes et al. (2006) include several important in- consistencies. First, Anthes et al. (2006 "Whatever the cause, the near doubling of power dissipation over the pe- riod of record should be a matter understanding of the role of hurricanes in the general circulation of the atmosphere and ocean, even

Colorado at Boulder, University of

333

Warm Mix Asphalt  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Warm Mix Asphalt (WMA) technologies have potential to reduce the application temperature of Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA) and improve workability without ... a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions, decreased energy cons...

Martins Zaumanis

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Warm Gas Cleanup  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Warm Gas Cleanup Warm Gas Cleanup NETL Office of Research and Development Project Number: FWP-2012.03.03 Task 5 Project Description The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has established strict regulations for the trace contaminant emissions from integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) systems. The Department of Energy (DOE) performance goals for trace contaminant removal were selected to meet or exceed EPA's standard limits for contaminants, as well as to avoid poisoning of: the catalysts utilized in making liquids from fuel gas the electrodes in fuel cells selective catalytic reduction (SCR) catalysts The objective of the NETL's ORD Warm Gas Cleanup project is to assist in achieving both DOE and EPA targets for trace contaminant capture from coal gasification, while preserving the high thermal efficiency of the IGCC system. To achieve this, both lab and pilot-scale research is underway to develop sorbents capable of removing the following contaminants from high temperature syngas (up to 550°F):

335

Energy Crossroads: Global Climate Change | Environmental Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Global Climate Change Global Climate Change Suggest a Listing Best Global Warming Articles Global Warming Articles provides facts about the causes, effects and answers to global warming; the environment; energy conservation, climate change and more. Ecolytics As emissions requirements, climate change, financial markets, and risk management become increasingly interconnected, organizations are left with critical choices regarding greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions management. Ecolytics(tm), a comprehensive web-based software tool, can help organizations in the navigation of this complex area by providing an effective cataloging, strategic planning, economic analysis, and risk management solution. Enviro$en$e Funded by the Environmental Protection Agency and the Strategic

336

Global Change and Human Vulnerability to Vector-Borne Diseases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...occurring on a global scale. It is...has different warming properties depending...and leakage from coal beds are also...efforts might be Global change What we...Stop transferring coal, oil, and gas...fossil fuels. The global consumption juggernaut...half-century, but warming is not evenly...

Robert W. Sutherst

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

The transnational diffusion of global environmental concerns via INGOs in China : a new framework for understanding diffusion in authoritarian contexts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as coals, is an important contributor to global warming.coal, and the worlds second largest carbon emitter (The World Bank 1997), China is viewed as a major contributor to global warming.

Matsuzawa, Setsuko

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Warm inflation in presence of magnetic fields  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present preliminary results on the possible effects that primordial magnetic fields can have for a warm inflation scenario, based on global supersymmetry, with a new-inflation-type potential. This work is motivated by two considerations: first, magnetic fields seem to be present in the universe on all scales which rises de possibility that they could also permeate the early universe; second, the recent emergence of inflationary models where the inflaton is not assumed to be isolated but instead it is taken as an interacting field, even during the inflationary expansion. The effects of magnetic fields are included resorting to Schwinger's proper time method.

Piccinelli, Gabriella [Centro Tecnolgico, FES Aragn, Universidad Nacional Autnoma de Mxico, Avenida Rancho Seco S/N, Bosques de Aragn, Nezahualcyotl, Estado de Mxico 57130 (Mexico)] [Centro Tecnolgico, FES Aragn, Universidad Nacional Autnoma de Mxico, Avenida Rancho Seco S/N, Bosques de Aragn, Nezahualcyotl, Estado de Mxico 57130 (Mexico); Snchez, ngel [Department of Physics, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, Texas 79968 (United States)] [Department of Physics, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, Texas 79968 (United States); Ayala, Alejandro; Mizher, Ana Julia [Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autnoma de Mxico, Apartado Postal 70-543, Mxico Distrito Federal 04510 (Mexico)] [Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autnoma de Mxico, Apartado Postal 70-543, Mxico Distrito Federal 04510 (Mexico)

2013-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

339

Sensitivities of zonal mean atmospheric circulation to SST warming in an aquaplanet model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

warming, the Hadley cell is intensified in the deep tropics, yet the Hadley cell boundary contracts, storm tracks, or the boundaries of Hadley cell circulations under global warming [e.g., Yin, 2005]. In the troposphere, however, the atmosphere displays nearly opposite changes in the Hadley cell width

Chen, Gang

340

Photosynthesis with a Twist in a Warming World | ornl.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Can photosynthesis re-fix the CO2 that we release into the atmosphere and thus stop global warming? What factors and processes might constrain this potential service of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "net global warming" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Warming of the North Pacific Ocean: Local AirSea Coupling and Remote Climatic Impacts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, global climatic response to the North Pacific oceanic warming is investigated in a series of coupled oceanatmosphere modeling experiments. In the model, an idealized heating is imposed over the North Pacific Ocean, while the ocean ...

Lixin Wu; Chun Li

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Dynamics of Airfoil Separation Control Using Zero-Net Mass-Flux Forcing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dynamics of Airfoil Separation Control Using Zero-Net Mass-Flux Forcing Reni Raju and Rajat Mittal, Gainesville, Florida 32611 DOI: 10.2514/1.37147 Zero-net mass-flux jet based control of flow separation over using zero-net mass-flux actuation can either control/delay boundary layer separation or lead to global

Mittal, Rajat

343

The rising cost of warming waters: effects of temperature on the cost of swimming in fishes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Global change biology 1001 25 60 14 The rising cost of warming waters: effects of temperature on the cost of swimming in fishes Andrew M. Hein * Katrina...respond to global climate change. Metabolic cost of transport (COT)-a measure of the energy...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

E-Print Network 3.0 - adopting global climate Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

about global warming... - a secondary concern? H. von Storch GKSS Research Center, Geesthacht, Germany Abstract. The climate problem has... many facets. Whether or not humans are...

345

Earth Syst. Dynam., 2, 2535, 2011 www.earth-syst-dynam.net/2/25/2011/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.5 C of global warming: monsoon intensification, ocean warming and steric sea level rise J. Schewe1-of-the-art atmosphere-ocean general circulation models (AOGCM) us- ing MAGICC6. The RCPs are designed as standard sce (GHG) con- centrations pathways currently discussed. The lowest of the RCP scenarios, RCP3-PD

Levermann, Anders

346

Multi-century Changes to Global Climate and Carbon Cycle: Results from a Coupled Climate and Carbon Cycle Model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, we use a coupled climate and carbon cycle model to investigate the global climate and carbon cycle changes out to year 2300 that would occur if CO{sub 2} emissions from all the currently estimated fossil fuel resources were released to the atmosphere. By year 2300, the global climate warms by about 8 K and atmospheric CO{sub 2} reaches 1423 ppmv. The warming is higher than anticipated because the sensitivity to radiative forcing increases as the simulation progresses. In our simulation, the rate of emissions peak at over 30 PgC yr{sup -1} early in the 22nd century. Even at year 2300, nearly 50% of cumulative emissions remain in the atmosphere. In our simulations both soils and living biomass are net carbon sinks throughout the simulation. Despite having relatively low climate sensitivity and strong carbon uptake by the land biosphere, our model projections suggest severe long-term consequences for global climate if all the fossil-fuel carbon is ultimately released to the atmosphere.

Bala, G; Caldeira, K; Mirin, A; Wickett, M; Delire, C

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

347

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Net Metering Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Energy Sources Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Massachusetts Program Type Net Metering Provider Department of Public Utilities In Massachusetts, the state's investor-owned utilities must offer net metering. Municipal utilities are not obligated to offer net metering, but they may do so voluntarily. (There are no electric cooperatives in Massachusetts.) Class I, Class II, Class III net metering facilities In Massachusetts, there are several categories of net-metering facilities.

348

Sensitivity of global warming to the pattern of tropical ocean warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The current generation of climate models that couple atmospheric and oceanic general circulation models predict substantially different patterns of sea surface temperatures (SSTs) in the Tropics when run in an...

Joseph J. Barsugli; Sang-Ik Shin; Prashant D. Sardeshmukh

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Timeline for Net Requirements  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

17.5 7302010 Yes Biennially x By July 31 of each Forecast Year, BPA publishes all Load Following customers' Net Requirements data for the two years of the upcoming Rate...

350

Net Metering Resources  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

State net metering policies allow customers to produce onsite electricity and sell excess generation to the utility at a set price, which creates an incentive for private investment in distributed...

351

Ashland Electric- Net Metering  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In 1996, Ashland adopted a net-metering program that includes simple interconnection guidelines. The program encourages the adoption of renewable-energy systems by committing the city to purchase,...

352

American Samoa- Net Metering  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The American Samoa Power Authority (ASPA), a government-owned electric utility, is the only power provider in this U.S. territory of almost 70,000 people. ASPA's "Interconnection and Net Energy...

353

UMTC Climate Action Plan: Roadmap to Net Zero  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

need to: ­ Slow global warming ­ Reduce emission levels through operational, educational, and societal% of the campuses GHG emissions #12;Operations Highlights - Energy · $120 M investment in steam plants to ­ Add new,250 #12;Carbon Footprint from Heating, Cooling, and Electricity Us

Minnesota, University of

354

GOVERNMENT Steps Up Fight to Curb Global Warming  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

8 - AUGUST 2009 8 - AUGUST 2009 This is a compilation of the past year's monthly National Energy Technology Laboratory Carbon Sequestration Newsletter. The newsletter is produced by the NETL to provide information on activities and publications related to carbon sequestration. It covers domestic, international, public sector, and private sector news. This compilation covers newsletters issued between September 2008 and August 2009. It highlights the primary news and events that have taken place in the carbon sequestration arena over the past year. Information that has become outdated (e.g. conference dates, paper submittals, etc.) was removed. To navigate this document please use the Bookmarks tab or the Acrobat search tool (Ctrl+F). To subscribe to this newsletter, please visit:

355

Thermodynamic Evaluation of Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Thermodynamic Evaluation of Thermodynamic Evaluation of Low-GWP Refrigerants Mark O. McLinden National Institute of Standards and Technology markm@boulder.nist.gov; 303-497-3580 April 3, 2013 Optimization Fluid Modeling Cycle Modeling Final Candidates Optimum Thermo Parameters 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: HFC refrigerants face restrictions: U.S./Canada/Mexico proposal to Montreal Protocol (85 % cut) EU regulations likely on all application areas (79 % cut)

356

GOVERNMENT Steps Up Fight to Curb Global Warming  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

CARBON STORAGE CARBON STORAGE NEWSLETTER: ANNUAL INDEX (FORMERLY THE CARBON SEQUESTRATION NEWSLETTER) SEPTEMBER 2012 - AUGUST 2013 This is a compilation of the National Energy Technology Laboratory's (NETL) monthly Carbon Storage Newsletter published over the last year. The newsletter is produced by NETL to provide information on activities and publications related to carbon storage. It covers domestic, international, public sector, and private sector news. This compilation covers newsletters issued from September 2012 to August 2013. Outdated Information (e.g., conference dates, paper submittals, etc.) has been removed. To navigate this document, please use the Bookmarks tab or the Acrobat search tool (Ctrl+F). For more information on DOE's Carbon Storage Program, click here.

357

Thermodynamic Evaluation of Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Thermodynamic Evaluation of Thermodynamic Evaluation of Low-GWP Refrigerants Mark O. McLinden National Institute of Standards and Technology markm@boulder.nist.gov; 303-497-3580 April 3, 2013 Optimization Fluid Modeling Cycle Modeling Final Candidates Optimum Thermo Parameters 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: HFC refrigerants face restrictions: U.S./Canada/Mexico proposal to Montreal Protocol (85 % cut) EU regulations likely on all application areas (79 % cut)

358

Gasification Technology and Its Contribution to Deal with Global Warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is predictable that energy demand will greatly increase in years to come, due to the continuous growth of world population, together with the quest to improve living standards. CO2...emissions are hence expect...

Filomena Pinto; Rui Andr; Paula Costa; Carlos Carolino

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Potential Effect of Pollutantn Emissions on Global Warming: First...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

& Publications A New Active DPF System for "Stop and Go" Duty-Cycle Vehicles Review of SCR Technologies for Diesel Emission Control: Euruopean Experience and Worldwide...

360

COLLOQUIUM: Extreme Global Warming: Examples from the Past |...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum -which is considered an analog for future increases in atmospheric CO2. An evaluation of triggers, carbon sources, and implications for climate...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "net global warming" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Thermodynamic Evaluation of Low-Global-Warming-Potential Refrigerants  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Lead Performer: National Institute of Standards and Technology - Gaithersburg, MD Partners: -- Catholic University of America - Washington, DC -- George Mason University - Fairfax, VA

362

The Scientific and Social Challenges of Global Warming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

T T #12;10/16/07 9 Svante Arrhenius · In 1896 noted that industrial input of carbon dioxide would build up) · Snow cover (decrease) · Sea ice cover (decrease) · Ocean heat (increase) · Ocean acidity (increase Distribution Multi-Model Outlook: #12;10/16/07 28 How are we involved in the change? #12;10/16/07 29 Human

Kiehl, Jeff

363

Global warming potentials and radiative efficiencies of halocarbons and related  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Fuglestvedt1 , G. Marston3 , G. Myhre1 , C. J. Nielsen4 ,4 K. P. Shine2 , T. J. Wallington5 5 1 Center

Wirosoetisno, Djoko

364

Working Fluids Low Global Warming Potential Refrigerants | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Center. Life Cycle Climate Performance of supermarket refrigeration.
Credit: Oak Ridge National Lab Life Cycle Climate Performance of supermarket refrigeration....

365

The multimillennial sea-level commitment of global warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...atmospheric CO 2 concentration and a standard polar amplification of 1.5...with profound impact on Europe Review of the current state of six tipping...Grounding-line migration in plan-view marine ice-sheet models: Results...past interglacial periods from uranium-series dating of corals...

Anders Levermann; Peter U. Clark; Ben Marzeion; Glenn A. Milne; David Pollard; Valentina Radic; Alexander Robinson

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Thermodynamic Evaluation of Low-Global-Warming-Potential Refrigerants...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Impact This will provide the heating, venting, air conditioning, and refrigeration (HVAC&R) industries and policymakers with definitive information regarding the available...

367

Global warming campaigns: framing analysis and campaign effectiveness.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??"Doctor of Philosophy (Co-tutelle Program)" "This thesis is presented as a partial fulfilment to the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy" "May 2013" (more)

Chongkolrattanaporn, Teerada

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Global warming projections : sensitivity to deep ocean mixing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The climatological impact of increases in greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere, despite being a subject of intensive study in recent years, is still very uncertain. One major uncertainty affecting possible climate ...

Sokolov, Andrei P.; Stone, Peter H.

369

Global warming accelerates drought-induced forest death  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Many southwestern forests in the United States will disappear or be heavily altered by 2050, according to a series of joint Los Alamos National Laboratory-University of New Mexico studies. Nathan McDowell, a Los Alamos plant physiologist, and William Pockman, a UNM biology professor, explain that their research, and more from scientists around the world, is forecasting that by 2100 most conifer forests should be heavily disturbed, if not gone, as air temperatures rise in combination with drought. "Everybody knows trees die when there's a drought, if there's bark beetles or fire, yet nobody in the world can predict it with much accuracy." McDowell said. "What's really changed is that the temperature is going up," thus the researchers are imposing artificial drought conditions on segments of wild forest in the Southwest and pushing forests to their limit to discover the exact processes of mortality and survival. The study is centered on drought experiments in woodlands at both Los Alamos and the Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge in central New Mexico. Both sites are testing hypotheses about how forests die on mature, wild trees, rather than seedlings in a greenhouse, through the ecosystem-scale removal of 50 percent of yearly precipitation through large water-diversion trough systems.

McDowell, Nathan; Pockman, William

2014-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

370

Research & Development Roadmap: Next-Generation Low Global Warming...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Potential Refrigerants Refrigerants are used in a wide variety of heating, ventilation, air conditioning, and refrigeration (HVAC&R) equipment. The current generation of...

371

California Policy Should Distinguish Biofuels by Differential Global Warming Effects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of biofuel as homogenous. Maximizing the climate benefits of biofuels will require life-cycle assessment (LCA of each phase of production, for each pathway. Emissions for the agricultural phase of crop-based pathways agricultural phase GHG emissions. In contrast, biorefineries, which are relatively few in number and far less

Kammen, Daniel M.

372

Global Warming And Lifestyle Choices: A Discussion Paper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of cultural variation and social innovation, even if nature,social structure, value orientations and envi- ronmental behavior in a multilevel perspective. Innovation

Schuetzenmeister, Falk

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Hydrothermal venting of greenhouse gases triggering Early Jurassic global warming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the Toarcian atmosphere. Mass balance calculations constrained by new aureole data show that up to 1800 Gt

Svensen, Henrik

374

Can nuclear energy contribute to slowing global warming?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An important source of greenhouse gases, in particular CO2, is fossil fuel combustion for energy applications. Since nuclear power is an energy source that does not produce CO2, the question has been raised as to what part it may play in mitigating the greenhouse effect. This article examines that question. In doing so it recognizes, however, that we cannot deal with one environmental problem in isolation. The article, therefore, seeks to identify the range of factors which need to be assessed for a balanced evaluation of nuclear energy's potential role.

Jan Murray

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Potential Effect of Pollutantn Emissions on Global Warming: First...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NGV E. JOUBERT & G.PLASSAT, August 2004 Comparaison Buses Multicriteria Health Health GHG GHG Cost Cost Public Public perception perception CO HC NOx Part Non Regl WtW Energy...

376

ATM S 111: Global Warming Review Sheet for Final Exam  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) · Solutions o Advantages/disadvantages of alternative energies/biofuels § Wind power: relatively cheap, main problem is intermittency § Solar power: low maintenance & long disposal is an issue, can produce a large amount of energy § Ethanol: fuel made

Frierson, Dargan

377

Ant Community Dynamics and the Effects of Global Warming.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This dissertation seeks to provide an understanding of how species coexist and, further, how climate change may alter communities by acting on the mechanisms that (more)

Stuble, Katharine Lisa

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Movement-Countermovement Dynamics in the Global Warming Policy Conflict.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In a provocative paper, Michael Shellenberger and Ted Nordhaus (2005) shook the environmental establishment by declaring that environmentalism had died, claiming that the movement pushing (more)

Hein, James Everett

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

ARM - Possible Benefits of Global Warming on Agriculture  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for the atoll communities, the major threat of climate change lies in the prospect of sea level rise. For the many inhabitants of the low-lying islands, a maximum freeboard of two...

380

ARM - What Are the Effects of Global Warming?  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

studies. This increase in temperature could cause sea ice to melt, which can result in a rise in sea level. Just how much it will rise is not clear. Surprisingly, some scientists...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "net global warming" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

SUBTASK 7.2 GLOBAL WARMING AND GREEHOUSE GASES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Evaluation of current climatic trends and reconstruction of paleoclimatic conditions for Devils Lake have been conducted based on diatom-inferred salinity for the last 2000 years. The 3-year cross-disciplinary research, funded by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) was carried out by the Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) and St. Croix Watershed Research Station (SCWRS) at the Science Museum of Minnesota. The results indicate that frequent climatic fluctuations resulting in alternating periods of drought and wet conditions are typical for the northern Great Plains and suggest that the severity and length of extremes exceeded those on modern record. Devils Lake has experienced five fresh periods and two minor freshening periods in the last 2000 years. Transitions between fresh and saline periods have been relatively fast, representing lake level changes that have been similar to those observed in the last 150 years. From 0 to 1070 A.D., Devils Lake showed more variable behavior, with fresh phases centered at 200, 500, 700, and 1000 A.D. From 1070 A.D. to present, Devils Lake was generally saline, experiencing two minor freshening periods at 1305-1315 and 1800-1820 A.D and the major current freshening from 1960 A.D. to present.

Jaroslav Solc; Kurt Eylands; Jaroslav Solc Jr.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

On modification of global warming by sulfate aerosols  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There is increasing evidence that the response of climate to increasing greenhouse gases may be modified by accompanying increases in sulfate aerosols. In this study, the patterns of response in the surface climatology of a coupled ocean-atmosphere general circulation model forced by increases in carbon dioxide alone is compared with those obtained by increasing carbon dioxide and aerosol forcing. The simulations are run from early industrial times using the estimated historical forcing and continued to the end of the twenty-first century assuming a nonintervention emissions scenario for greenhouse gases and aerosols. The comparison is made for the period 2030-2050 when the aerosol forcing is a maximum. In winter, the cooling due to aerosols merely tends to reduce the response to carbon dioxide, whereas in summer, it weakens the monsoon circulations and reverses some of the changes in the hydrological cycle on increasing carbon dioxide. This response is in some respects similar to that found in simulations with changed orbital parameters, as between today and the middle Holocene. The hydrological response in the palaeosimulations is supported by palaeoclimatic reconstructions. The results of changes in aerosol concentrations of the magnetic projected in the scenarios would have a major effect on regional climate, especially over Europe and Southeast Asia. 74 refs., 12 figs., 6 tabs.

Mitchell, J.F.B.; Johns, T.C. [Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research, Berkshire (United Kingdom)] [Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research, Berkshire (United Kingdom)

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Good enough tools for global warming policy making  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

refers to a long period before the industrial revolution, i.e. roughly the thousand years before 1800 confirm the common understanding that targets below a doubling of the pre-industrial concentration create great pressure to produce action immedi- ately, while targets above double the pre-industrial level can

384

An Open Letter on Global Warming (25 Oct. 2000)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Contrary to what a "news summary" piece in the journal Nature states (ref. 3), we neither predict and Alternative Scenarios. Our paper is about the forcings that drive climate change. A climate forcing, most climate modelers employ business-as-usual (BAU) scenarios for future greenhouse gas amounts

385

Seasonal Climate Extremes : Mechanism, Predictability and Responses to Global Warming.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Climate extremes are rarely occurring natural phenomena in the climate system. They often pose one of the greatest environmental threats to human and natural systems. (more)

Shongwe, M.E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

H. Douville D. Salas-Me lia S. Tyteca On the tropical origin of uncertainties in the global land precipitation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. 2005). Global warming also leads to a systematic increase in total precipitable water, soH. Douville ? D. Salas-Me´ lia ? S. Tyteca On the tropical origin of uncertainties in the global land precipitation response to global warming Received: 17 August 2005 / Accepted: 25 October 2005

Ribes, Aurélien

387

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Net Metering Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government General Public/Consumer Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Wind Solar Home Weatherization Program Info State Arkansas Program Type Net Metering Provider Arkansas Economic Development Commission In April 2001, Arkansas enacted legislation (HB 2325) directing the Arkansas Public Service Commission (PSC) to establish net-metering rules for certain renewable-energy systems.* The PSC approved final rules for net metering in July 2002. Subsequent legislation enacted in April 2007 (HB 2334) expanded the availability of net metering; increased the capacity

388

Warm or Steaming Ground | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Warm or Steaming Ground Warm or Steaming Ground Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Warm or Steaming Ground Dictionary.png Warm or Steaming Ground: An area where geothermal heat is conducted to the earth's surface, warming the ground and sometimes causing steam to form when water is present. Other definitions:Wikipedia Reegle Modern Geothermal Features Typical list of modern geothermal features Hot Springs Fumaroles Warm or Steaming Ground Mudpots, Mud Pools, or Mud Volcanoes Geysers Blind Geothermal System Steam rising from the ground at Eldvorp, a 10 km row of craters, in Southwestern Iceland. http://www.visiticeland.com/SearchResults/Attraction/eldvorp Warm or steaming ground is often an indicator of a geothermal system beneath the surface. In some cases a geothermal system may not show any

389

Regional and Global Data  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Products > Regional/Global Products > Regional/Global Regional and Global Data Biogeochemical Dynamics Data Regional and global biogeochemical dynamics data can be used to improve our understanding of the structure and function of various ecosystems; to enable prediction across spatial and temporal scales; and to parameterize and validate terrestrial ecosystem models. The ORNL DAAC compiles, archives, and distributes more than 150 products from the following projects: Climate Collections Hydroclimatology Collections ISLSCP II Project Net Primary Productivity (NPP) River Discharge (RIVDIS) Russian Land Cover (RLC) Soil Collections Vegetation Collections Vegetation-Ecosystem Modeling (VEMAP) Climate Collections Climate collections include measured and modeled values for variables such as temperature, precipitation, humidity, radiation, wind velocity, and

390

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 68016812, 2014 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/14/6801/2014/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

between this warming (due to O3) and cooling (due to CH4) deter- mines the net effect of ship NOx for the effect of wind speed. With the improved modeling of plumes, ship NOx perturbations are smaller than-6801-2014 � Author(s) 2014. CC Attribution 3.0 License. The climate impact of ship NOx emissions: an improved

Pierce, Jeffrey

391

Global Warming, and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change: Interview with Ron Stouffer Global Warming, and the Intergovernmental  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

significantly changed with the plant species diversity. As expected, GeoChip 3.0 is a high-throughput powerful Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA and 8 Virtual Institute Keywords: microarray; functional genes; microbial community; plant diversity Introduction Microorganisms

392

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Global Cities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The global warming potential, expressed in carbon dioxide equivalents (t e CO2), is determined for seven components of urban inventories: electricity, heating and industrial fuels, industrial processes, ground transportation, aviation, marine, and waste. ... With 92% of South Africas electricity generated from combustion of coal, Cape Town has the highest intensity of 969 t e CO2/GWh (Table S1). ... With a warm Mediterranean climate and a dense urban form, Barcelona has the lowest emissions of the ten cities. ...

Christopher Kennedy; Julia Steinberger; Barrie Gasson; Yvonne Hansen; Timothy Hillman; Miroslav Havrnek; Diane Pataki; Aumnad Phdungsilp; Anu Ramaswami; Gara Villalba Mendez

2009-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

393

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Net Metering Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Wind Solar Home Weatherization Program Info State New Mexico Program Type Net Metering Provider New Mexico Public Regulation Commission Net metering is available to all "qualifying facilities" (QFs), as defined by the federal Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA)*, which pertains to systems up to 80 megawatts (MW) in capacity. Previously, net metering in New Mexico was limited to systems up to 10 kilowatts (kW) in capacity. Net-metered customers are credited or paid for any monthly net excess generation (NEG) at the utility's avoided-cost rate. If a customer has net

394

Rising global temperatures accelerate drought-induced forest...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

accelerates drought-induced forest death 3:20 Global warming accelerates drought-induced forest death In a new video produced by Los Alamos, Nathan McDowell, a Los Alamos plant...

395

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Net Metering Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Fed. Government Institutional Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Schools State Government Savings Category Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Net Metering Provider Washington State University Washington's net-metering law applies to systems up to 100 kilowatts (kW) in capacity that generate electricity using solar, wind, hydro, biogas from animal waste, or combined heat and power technologies (including fuel cells). All customer classes are eligible, and all utilities -- including municipal utilities and electric cooperatives -- must offer net metering.

396

,"U.S. Blender Net Input"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Blender Net Input of Residuum (Thousand Barrels)","U.S. Blender Net Input of Gasoline Blending Components (Thousand Barrels)","U.S. Blender Net Input of Reformulated...

397

Warm Forming of Aluminum?AMD 307  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

controlled conditions * Transition to future projects (e.g. warm forming of magnesium) * Lead to the development of design rules for WF tooling * Be flexible allowing...

398

Modeling impacts of carbon sequestration on net greenhouse gas emissions from agricultural soils in China  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modeling impacts of carbon sequestration on net greenhouse gas emissions from agricultural soils impacts of carbon sequestration on net greenhouse gas emissions from agricultural soils in China, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 23, GB1007, doi:10.1029/2008GB003180. 1. Introduction [2] Carbon (C) sequestration has

399

Impact of satellite based PAR on estimates of terrestrial net primary productivity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the satellite- based estimates of PAR for modelling terrestrial primary productivity. 1. Introduction The global energy is referred to as net primary production (NPP). For terrestrial ecosystems GPP and NPP are givenImpact of satellite based PAR on estimates of terrestrial net primary productivity RACHEL T. PINKER

Montana, University of

400

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Net Metering Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Vermont Program Type Net Metering Provider Vermont Department of Public Service NOTE: Legislation enacted in May 2012 (HB475) further amends Vermont's net metering policy. Vermont's original net-metering legislation was enacted in 1998, and the law has been expanded several times subsequently. Any electric customer in Vermont may net meter after obtaining a Certificate of Public Good from the Vermont Public Service Board (PSB). Solar net metered systems 10 kilowatts

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "net global warming" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Frequently Asked Global Change Questions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Asked Global Change Questions Asked Global Change Questions This page lists global change questions that have been received at CDIAC and the answers that were provided to a diverse audience. If you have a question relating to carbon dioxide and global change and cannot find the answer you need here, you can "Ask Us a Question", and we will be glad to try to help you. Questions Should we grow trees to remove carbon in the atmosphere? What are the present tropospheric concentrations, global warming potentials (100 year time horizon), and atmospheric lifetimes of CO2, CH4, N2O, CFC-11, CFC-12, CFC-113, CCl4, methyl chloroform, HCFC-22, sulphur hexafluoride, trifluoromethyl sulphur pentafluoride, perfluoroethane, and surface ozone? Where can I find information on the naming of halocarbons?

402

Generation of a Consistent Terrestrial Net Primary Production Data Set  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Generation of a Consistent Terrestrial Net Generation of a Consistent Terrestrial Net Primary Production Data Set Final Report NASA Reference Number TE/99-0005 May 3, 2001 Richard J. Olson and Jonathan M. O. Scurlock Environmental Sciences Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6407 This project, "Generation of a Consistent Terrestrial Net Primary Production Data Set", is a coordinated, international effort to compile global estimates of terrestrial net primary productivity (NPP) for parameterization, calibration, and validation of NPP models. The project (NASA Reference Number TE/99-0005) was funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Office of Earth Science, Terrestrial Ecology Program under Interagency Agreement number 2013-M164-A1, under

403

DepoNet  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

February 9, 2010 33 1 like the depleted uranium used in modern warfare, 2 PCBs, dioxins, it's circulating all through the 3 global ecosystems. Tens of thousands of...

404

Estimating impacts of warming temperatures on California's electricity  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

impacts of warming temperatures on California's electricity impacts of warming temperatures on California's electricity system Title Estimating impacts of warming temperatures on California's electricity system Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2013 Authors Sathaye, Jayant A., Larry L. Dale, Peter H. Larsen, Gary A. Fitts, Kevin Koy, Sarah M. Lewis, and André Frossard Pereira de Lucena Journal Global Environmental Change Volume 23 Start Page 499 Issue 2 Pagination 499-511 Date Published 04/2013 Keywords EES-EG, electricity markets and policy group Abstract Despite a clear need, little research has been carried out at the regional-level to quantify potential climate-related impacts to electricity production and delivery systems. This paper introduces a bottom-up study of climate change impacts on California's energy infrastructure, including high temperature effects on power plant capacity, transmission lines, substation capacity, and peak electricity demand. End-of-century impacts were projected using the A2 and B1 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change emission scenarios. The study quantifies the effect of high ambient temperatures on electricity generation, the capacity of substations and transmission lines, and the demand for peak power for a set of climate scenarios. Based on these scenarios, atmospheric warming and associated peak demand increases would necessitate up to 38% of additional peak generation capacity and up to 31% additional transmission capacity, assuming current infrastructure. These findings, although based on a limited number of scenarios, suggest that additional funding could be put to good use by supporting R&D into next generation cooling equipment technologies, diversifying the power generation mix without compromising the system's operational flexibility, and designing effective demand side management programs.

405

The Curious Case of Indian Ocean Warming  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent studies have pointed out an increased warming over the Indian Ocean warm pool (the central-eastern Indian Ocean characterized by sea surface temperatures greater than 28.0C) during the past half-century, although the reasons behind this ...

Mathew Koll Roxy; Kapoor Ritika; Pascal Terray; Sbastien Masson

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Sensitivity of global-scale climate change attribution results to inclusion of fossil fuel black carbon aerosol - article no. L14701  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is likely that greenhouse gas emissions caused most of the global mean warming observed during the 20th century, and that sulphate aerosols counteracted this warming to some extent, by reflecting solar radiation to space and thereby cooling the planet. However, the importance of another aerosol, namely black carbon, could be underestimated. Here we include fossil fuel black carbon aerosol in a detection and attribution analysis with greenhouse gas and sulphate aerosols. We find that most of the warming of the 20th Century is attributable to changes in greenhouse gases offset by net aerosol cooling. However the pattern of temperature change due to black carbon is currently indistinguishable from the sulphate aerosol pattern of temperature change. The attribution of temperature change due to greenhouse gases is not sensitive to the inclusion of black carbon. We can be confident about the overall attribution of total aerosols, but less so about the contributions of black carbon emissions to 20th century climate change. This work presents no evidence that black carbon aerosol forcing outweighed the cooling due to sulphate aerosol.

Jones, G.S.; Jones, A.; Roberts, D.L.; Stott, P.A.; Williams, K.D. [Hadley Center for Climate Predictions & Research, Exeter (United Kingdom)

2005-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

407

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Net Metering Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State North Carolina Program Type Net Metering Provider North Carolina Utilities Commission The North Carolina Utilities Commission (NCUC) requires the state's three investor-owned utilities -- Duke Energy, Progress Energy and Dominion North Carolina Power -- to make net metering available to customers that own and operate systems that generate electricity using solar energy, wind energy, hydropower, ocean or wave energy, biomass resources, combined heat and

408

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Net Metering Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Missouri Program Type Net Metering Provider Missouri Public Service Commission Missouri enacted legislation in June 2007 (S.B. 54)* requiring all electric utilities -- investor-owned utilities, municipal utilities and electric cooperatives -- to offer net metering to customers with systems up to 100 kilowatts (kW) in capacity that generate electricity using wind energy, solar-thermal energy, hydroelectric energy, photovoltaics (PV), fuel cells

409

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

You are here You are here Home » Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Solar Home Weatherization Water Wind Program Info State Maryland Program Type Net Metering Provider Maryland Public Service Commission Note: The program web site listed above links to the Maryland Public Service Commission's Net Metering Working Group page, which contains a variety of information resources related to the ongoing implementation of net metering in Maryland, such as meeting agendas, minutes, and draft utility tariffs.

410

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Net Metering Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Wind Solar Home Weatherization Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Net Metering Provider DC Public Service Commission In the District of Columbia (DC), net metering is currently available to residential and commercial customer-generators with systems powered by renewable-energy sources, combined heat and power (CHP), fuel cells and microturbines, with a maximum capacity of 1 megawatt (MW). The term "renewable energy sources" is defined as solar, wind, tidal, geothermal, biomass, hydroelectric power and digester gas. In October 2008, the Clean

411

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Net Metering Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Biofuels Alternative Fuel Vehicles Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Energy Sources Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State New Hampshire Program Type Net Metering Provider New Hampshire Public Utilities Commission New Hampshire requires all utilities selling electricity in the state to offer net metering to customers who own or operate systems up to one megawatt (1 MW) in capacity that generate electricity using solar, wind, geothermal, hydro, tidal, wave, biomass, landfill gas, bio-oil or

412

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Net Metering Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Commercial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Buying & Making Electricity Water Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Virginia Program Type Net Metering Provider Virginia Department of Mines, Minerals, and Energy '''''Note: In March 2011, Virginia enacted HB 1983, which increased the residential net-metering limit to 20 kW. However, residential facilities with a capacity of greater than 10 kW must pay a monthly standby charge. The Virginia State Corporation Commission approved standby charges for transmissions and distribution components as proposed by Virginia Electric and Power Company (Dominion Virginia Power) on November 3, 2011.'''''

413

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Net Metering Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Residential Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State West Virginia Program Type Net Metering Provider West Virginia Public Service Commission Net metering in West Virginia is available to all retail electricity customers. System capacity limits vary depending on the customer type and electric utility type, according to the following table. Customer Type IOUs with 30,000 customers or more IOUs with fewer than 30,000 customers, municipal utilities, electric cooperatives

414

QuarkNet  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

QuarkNet: The science connection you've been waiting for! QuarkNet: The science connection you've been waiting for! The Opportunity: "Your program rejuvenates my soul. It connects me with a cadre of intelligent and excited educators. It reinvigorates my teaching and provides me avenues to extend and enliven the projects that I can offer my students. Without the Quarknet program I am sure that I would have left teaching years ago." The Players: High school students, teachers and physicsts working together on physics research projects exploring the hidden nature of matter, energy, space and time. The Questions: What are the origins of mass? Can the basic forces of nature be unified? How did the universe begin? How will it evolve? LHC & Fermilab Links For Teachers For Students CERN Homepage ATLAS Experiment

415

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Net Metering Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Wind Solar Home Weatherization Water Program Info State New York Program Type Net Metering Provider New York State Department of Public Service Note: In October 2012 the New York Public Service Commission (PSC) issued an order directing Central Hudson Gas and Electric to file net metering tariff revisions tripling the aggregate net metering cap for most systems from 1% of 2005 peak demand (12 MW) to 3% of 2005 peak demand (36 MW). The PSC issued another order in June 2013 to raise the aggregate net metering cap

416

NetCDF at NERSC  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

NetCDF NetCDF NetCDF Description and Overview NetCDF (Network Common Data Form) is a set of software libraries and machine-independent data formats that support the creation, access, and sharing of array-oriented scientific data. This includes the libnetcdf.a library as well as the NetCDF Operators (NCO), Climate Data Operators (CDO), NCCMP, and NCVIEW packages. Files written with previous versions can be read or written with the current version. Using NetCDF on Cray System There are separate NetCDF installations provided by Cray and by NERSC. On Hopper and Edison, Cray installations are recommended because they are simpler to use. To see the available Cray installations and versions use the following command: module avail cray-netcdf To see the NERSC installations and versions use the following command:

417

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Net Metering Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Commercial General Public/Consumer Industrial Residential Fed. Government Local Government State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Water Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Oklahoma Program Type Net Metering Provider Oklahoma Corporation Commission Net metering has been available in Oklahoma since 1988 under Oklahoma Corporation Commission (OCC) Order 326195. The OCC's rules require investor-owned utilities and electric cooperatives under the commission's jurisdiction* to file net-metering tariffs for customer-owned renewable-energy systems and combined-heat-and-power (CHP) facilities up to 100 kilowatts (kW) in capacity. Net metering is available to all customer

418

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Net Metering Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Buying & Making Electricity Wind Solar Home Weatherization Program Info State Ohio Program Type Net Metering Provider Ohio Public Utilities Commission '''''Note: In July 2012, the Public Utilities Commission of Ohio (PUCO) opened a docket ([http://dis.puc.state.oh.us/CaseRecord.aspx?CaseNo=12-2050-EL-ORD Case 12-0250-EL-RDR]) to review the net metering rules for investor-owned utilities. Details will be posted as more information is available.''''' Ohio's net-metering law requires electric distribution utilities to offer net metering to customers who generate electricity using wind energy, solar energy, biomass, landfill gas, hydropower, fuel cells or microturbines.

419

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

You are here You are here Home » Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Local Government Residential State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Hawaii Program Type Net Metering Provider Hawaii Public Utilities Commission NOTE: Kauai Island Electric Cooperative's (KIUC) net metering program has reached its capacity and has implemented a Net Energy Metering Pilot Program. Hawaii's original net-metering law was enacted in 2001 and expanded in 2004 by HB 2048, which increased the eligible capacity limit of net-metered systems from 10 kilowatts (kW) to 50 kW. In 2005, the law was further amended by SB 1003, which authorized the Hawaii Public Utilities Commission

420

Global Security  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Applications Global Security science-innovationassetsimagesicon-science.jpg Global Security National security depends on science and technology. The United States relies on...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "net global warming" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Secretary Moniz Warms Up For Earth Day Pitch | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Warms Up For Earth Day Pitch Secretary Moniz Warms Up For Earth Day Pitch Addthis Speakers Secretary Ernest Moniz Duration :32...

422

Feasibility of Achieving a Zero-Net-Energy, Zero-Net-Cost Homes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

7 DefiningaNet?ZeroEnergyNetZeroEnergy .A. DefiningaNetZeroEnergyBuilding Duetothe

Al-Beaini, S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Net Metering Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Water Energy Sources Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Net Metering Provider Minnesota Department of Commerce '''''Note: H.F. 729, enacted in May 2013, includes many changes to Minnesota's net metering law. These changes are described above, but most will not take effect until rules are implemented at the PUC. The below summary reflects the current rules.''''' Minnesota's net-metering law, enacted in 1983, applies to all investor-owned utilities, municipal utilities and electric cooperatives. All "qualifying facilities" less than 40 kilowatts (kW) in capacity are

424

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Net Metering Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Energy Sources Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Pennsylvania Program Type Net Metering Provider Pennsylvania Public Utility Commission Note: In March 2012 the Pennsylvania Public Utilities Commission (PUC) issued a Final Order (Docket M-2011-2249441) approving the use of third-party ownership models (i.e., system leases or retail power purchase agreements) in conjunction with net metering. The Order allows these types of arrangements for net metered systems, subject to a restriction that the

425

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Net Metering Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Buying & Making Electricity Wind Solar Home Weatherization Program Info State Illinois Program Type Net Metering Provider Illinois Commerce Commission '''''NOTE: Legislation enacted in 2011 and 2012 (S.B. 1652, H.B. 3036, and S.B. 3811) has changed several aspects of net metering in Illinois. For customers in competitive classes as of July 1, 2011, the law prescribes a dual metering and bill crediting system which does not meet the definition of net metering as the term is generally defined. Click here for information regarding competitive classes, and

426

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

You are here You are here Home » Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Iowa Program Type Net Metering Provider Iowa Utilities Board Iowa's statutes do not explicitly authorize the Iowa Utilities Board (IUB) to mandate net metering, but this authority is implicit through the board's enforcement of PURPA and Iowa Code § 476.41 ''et seq.'' Iowa's net-metering subrule, adopted by the IUB in July 1984, applies to customers that generate electricity using alternate energy production facilities (AEPs). Net metering is available to all customer classes of Iowa's two investor-owned utilities -- MidAmerican Energy and Interstate Power and

427

Global Atmospheric Change and Animal Populations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, which are increasing in frequency, also produce large amounts of greenhouse gases (e.g., CO2; methane to increase dramatically (Withgott & Brennan, 2009; Figure 2). Burning of fossil fuels, such as coal, gasoline by 2100 (IPCC 2007). (Approximate contribution to global warming: 33%; Hansen & Sato 2001). Methane (CH4

428

The Downward Influence of Stratospheric Sudden Warmings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The coupling between the stratosphere and the troposphere following two major stratospheric sudden warmings is studied in the Canadian Middle Atmosphere Model using a nudging technique by which the zonal-mean evolution of the reference sudden ...

Peter Hitchcock; Isla R. Simpson

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Sandia National Laboratories: warm white LED  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

warm white LED Sandia Develops a Synthesis of Quantum Dots that Increases the Quantum Yield to 95.5% On May 23, 2013, in Energy, Energy Efficiency, Materials Science, News, News &...

430

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Residential Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Wind Solar Home Weatherization Program Info State Louisiana Program Type Net Metering Provider Louisiana Public Service Commission '''''Note: Ongoing proceedings related to net metering can be found in Docket R-31417.''''' Louisiana enacted legislation in June 2003 establishing net metering. Modeled on Arkansas's law, Louisiana's law requires investor-owned utilities, municipal utilities and electric cooperatives to offer net metering to customers that generate electricity using solar, wind, hydropower, geothermal or biomass resources. Fuel cells and microturbines that generate electricity entirely derived from renewable resources are

431

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

You are here You are here Home » Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Connecticut Program Type Net Metering Provider Public Utilities Regulatory Authority Connecticut's two investor-owned utilities -- Connecticut Light and Power Company (CL&P) and United Illuminating Company (UI) -- are required to provide net metering to customers that generate electricity using "Class I" renewable-energy resources, which include solar, wind, landfill gas, fuel

432

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Agricultural Agricultural Commercial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Kentucky Program Type Net Metering Provider Kentucky Public Service Commission In April 2008, Kentucky enacted legislation that expanded its net metering law by requiring utilities to offer net metering to customers that generate electricity with photovoltaic (PV), wind, biomass, biogas or hydroelectric systems up to 30 kilowatts (kW) in capacity. The Kentucky Public Service Commission (PSC) issued rules on January 8, 2009. Utilities had 90 days from that date to file tariffs that include all terms and conditions of their net metering programs, including interconnection.

433

Regional Implications of Global Climate Change for the Great  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reliable are they? Future projections of climate change due to global warming What about regional climateRegional Implications of Global Climate Change for the Great Plains Robert J. Oglesby Department Concepts What is climate? What is the difference between weather and climate? What is the difference

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

434

Weekly Refiner Net Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Refiner Net Production Refiner Net Production (Thousand Barrels per Day) Period: Weekly 4-Week Average Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Product/Region 11/08/13 11/15/13 11/22/13 11/29/13 12/06/13 12/13/13 View History Finished Motor Gasoline 2,168 2,300 2,336 2,359 2,462 2,368 2010-2013 East Coast (PADD 1) 54 53 52 67 71 67 2010-2013 Midwest (PADD 2) 696 745 722 711 798 790 2010-2013 Gulf Coast (PADD 3) 891 916 1,010 1,053 1,011 1,021 2010-2013 Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) 260 248 245 232 279 235 2010-2013 West Coast (PADD 5) 268 338 308 296 302 255 2010-2013 Reformulated 50 49 49 49 48 49 2010-2013 Blended with Ethanol 50 49 49 49 48 49 2010-2013 Other

435

Cold-blooded and warm-blooded  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cold-blooded and warm-blooded Cold-blooded and warm-blooded Name: Walter Status: N/A Age: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: Around 1993 Question: What is the fundamental difference between cold-blooded and warm- blooded creatures? I know that reptile blood is a bit different than mammal blood, but is that the difference or is it a difference in the other cells of the body? Replies: Warm blooded refers to an animals ability to maintain its body temperature at a constant level. Cold blooded animal's bodies stay at the temperature of environment around them (more or less). The mechanism by which a warm blooded animal does this is by generating heat, mostly through muscle movement (but by other biochemical processes too). An example of this is shivering. Warm blooded animals also cool themselves off by sweating, panting (and other ways). In mammals the hypothalamic area of the brain has much to do with controlling these reflex processes

436

Global warming and ice ages: I. prospects for physics based modulation of global change  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It has been suggested that large-scale climate changes, mostly due to atmospheric injection of greenhouse gases connected with fossil-fired energy production, should be forestalled by internationally-agreed reductions in, e.g., electricity generation. The potential economic impacts of such limitations are obviously large: greater than or equal to $10{sup 11}/year. We propose that for far smaller - less than 1% - the mean thermal effects of greenhouse gases may be obviated in any of several distinct ways, some of them novel. These suggestions are all based on scatterers that prevent a small fraction of solar radiation from reaching all or part of the Earth. We propose research directed to quite near-term realization of one or more of these inexpensive approaches to cancel the effects of the greenhouse gas injection. While the magnitude of the climatic impact of greenhouse gases is currently uncertain, the prospect of severe failure of the climate, for instance at the onset of the next Ice Age, is undeniable. The proposals in this paper may lead to quite practical methods to reduce or eliminate all climate failures.

Teller, E.; Wood, L.; Hyde, R.

1996-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

437

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Net Metering Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Solar Water Wind Program Info State New Jersey Program Type Net Metering Provider New Jersey Board of Public Utilities New Jersey's net-metering rules apply to all residential, commercial and industrial customers of the state's investor-owned utilities and energy suppliers (and certain competitive municipal utilities and electric cooperatives). Systems that generate electricity using solar, wind, geothermal, wave, tidal, landfill gas or sustainable biomass resources, including fuel cells (all "Class I" technologies under the state RPS), are

438

net generation | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

net generation net generation Dataset Summary Description Provides annual net electricity generation (thousand kilowatt-hours) from renewable energy in the United States by energy use sector (commercial, industrial, electric power) and by energy source (e.g. biomas, solar thermal/pv). Source EIA Date Released August 01st, 2010 (4 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2004 2008 Electricity net generation renewable energy Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon 2008_RE.net_.generation_EIA.Aug_.2010.xls (xls, 16.4 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period 2004 - 2008 License License Other or unspecified, see optional comment below Comment Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata Average vote Your vote Usefulness of the dataset

439

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

You are here You are here Home » Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Michigan Program Type Net Metering Provider Michigan Public Service Commission '''''The MPSC is reviewing state interconnection and net metering policies in [http://efile.mpsc.state.mi.us/efile/viewcase.php?casenum=15919&submit.x=... Case U-15919].''''' In October 2008, Michigan enacted legislation (P.A. 295) requiring the Michigan Public Service Commission (PSC) to establish a statewide net metering program for renewable-energy systems within 180 days. On May 26, 2009 the Michigan Public Service Commission (PSC) issued an order formally

440

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Net Metering Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Colorado Program Type Net Metering Provider Colorado Public Utilities Commission [http://www.leg.state.co.us/clics/clics2009a/csl.nsf/fsbillcont3/571064D8... Senate Bill 51] of April 2009 made several changes, effective September 1, 2009, to the state's net metering rules for investor-owned utilities, as they apply to solar-electric systems. These changes include converting the maximum system size for solar-electric systems from two megawatts (MW) to 120% of the annual consumption of the site; redefining a site to include

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "net global warming" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Net Metering Net Metering Net Metering < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Residential Fed. Government General Public/Consumer Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Solar Wind Program Info State California Program Type Net Metering Provider California Public Utilities Commission California's net-metering law originally took effect in 1996 and applies to all utilities with one exception*. The law has been amended numerous times since its enactment, most recently by AB 327 of 2013. '''Eligible Technologies''' The original law applied to wind-energy systems, solar-electric systems and hybrid (wind/solar) systems. In September 2002, legislation (AB 2228)

442

Improving UccNet-compliant B2B Supply-chain Applications Using a Context Interchange Framework  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UccNet is a globally centralized B2B electronic data platform for storing trading product item information and hosted by the non-profit international standardization institute EAN-UCC. It is an emerging ...

Tu, Steven

2004-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

443

Exploiting simultaneous observational constraints on mass and absorption to estimate the global direct radiative forcing of black carbon and brown carbon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Atmospheric black carbon (BC) is a leading climate warming agent, yet uncertainties on the global direct radiative forcing (DRF) remain large. Here we expand a global model simulation (GEOS-Chem) of BC to include the ...

Schwarz, J. P.

444

Warm Conveyor Belts in the ERA-Interim Dataset (19792010). Part I: Climatology and Potential Vorticity Evolution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A global climatology of warm conveyor belts (WCBs) is presented for the years 19792010, based on trajectories calculated with Interim ECMWF Re-Analysis (ERA-Interim) data. WCB trajectories are identified as strongly ascending air parcels (600 hPa ...

Erica Madonna; Heini Wernli; Hanna Joos; Olivia Martius

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Trend in Global Black Carbon Emissions from 1960 to 2007  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Black carbon (BC) warms the Earth system by absorbing sunlight and emitting infrared radiation, and by decreasing the ice/snow albedo. ... (2, 3) Therefore, any efforts to reduce BC emission can lead to the dual benefit of slowing down global warming and of protecting human health. ... This work measured PM (EFPM) and EC (EFEC) EF for 9 crop residues and 5 coals in actual rural cooking and coal stoves using the C mass balance method. ...

Rong Wang; Shu Tao; Huizhong Shen; Ye Huang; Han Chen; Yves Balkanski; Olivier Boucher; Philippe Ciais; Guofeng Shen; Wei Li; Yanyan Zhang; Yuanchen Chen; Nan Lin; Shu Su; Bengang Li; Junfeng Liu; Wenxin Liu

2014-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

446

Response of the Northern Hemisphere sea ice to greenhouse forcing in a global climate model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in summer, in part because of the reductions in ice cover and thickness that insulate the winter atmosphereResponse of the Northern Hemisphere sea ice to greenhouse forcing in a global climate model Larissa warming of about 4³C for doubled CO2. Enhanced warming is found at higher latitudes near sea-ice margins

447

Constraining past global tropospheric methane budgets with carbon and hydrogen isotope ratios in ice  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...turn, shift the global delta13CH4 and deltaD-CH4...for natural gas (coal, thermogenic or...Ledru2001Correlations of char coal records of fires...Ward1993Methane production from global biomass burning...Wuebbles2000Radiative forcings and global warming potentials of 39...

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Ultrafast Spectroscopy of Warm Dense Matter  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Ultrafast Spectroscopy of Warm Dense Matter Print Ultrafast Spectroscopy of Warm Dense Matter Print Being neither solid, liquid, gas, nor plasma, warm dense matter (WDM) occupies a no man's land in the map of material phases. Its temperature can range between that of planetary cores (tens of thousands K) to that of stellar cores (hundreds of thousands K). Not only is it prevalent throughout the universe, it is relevant to inertial confinement fusion (ICF) and material performance under extreme conditions. However, because of its extreme temperatures and pressures, WDM tends to be drastically transient and thus difficult to study in the laboratory. Now, researchers have set up ultrafast x-ray absorption spectroscopy at the ALS to measure the electronic structure of WDMs, demonstrating that fast-changing electron temperatures of matter under extreme conditions can be determined with picosecond resolution.

449

A global review of energy consumption, CO2 emissions and policy in the residential sector (with an overview of the top ten CO2 emitting countries)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Climate change and global warming as the main human societies threats are fundamentally associated with energy consumption and GHG emissions. The residential sector, representing 27% and 17% of global energy consumption and CO2 emissions, respectively, has a considerable role to mitigate global climate change. Ten countries, including China, the US, India, Russia, Japan, Germany, South Korea, Canada, Iran, and the UK, account for two-thirds of global CO2 emissions. Thus, these countries residential energy consumption and GHG emissions have direct, significant effects on the world environment. The aim of this paper is to review the status and current trends of energy consumption, CO2 emissions and energy policies in the residential sector, both globally and in those ten countries. It was found that global residential energy consumption grew by 14% from 2000 to 2011. Most of this increase has occurred in developing countries, where population, urbanization and economic growth have been the main driving factors. Among the ten studied countries, all of the developed ones have shown a promising trend of reduction in CO2 emissions, apart from the US and Japan, which showed a 4% rise. Globally, the residential energy market is dominated by traditional biomass (40% of the total) followed by electricity (21%) and natural gas (20%), but the total proportion of fossil fuels has decreased over the past decade. Energy policy plays a significant role in controlling energy consumption. Different energy policies, such as building energy codes, incentives, energy labels have been employed by countries. Those policies can be successful if they are enhanced by making them mandatory, targeting net-zero energy building, and increasing public awareness about new technologies. However, developing countries, such as China, India and Iran, still encounter with considerable growth in GHG emissions and energy consumption, which are mostly related to the absence of strong, efficient policy.

Payam Nejat; Fatemeh Jomehzadeh; Mohammad Mahdi Taheri; Mohammad Gohari; Muhd Zaimi Abd. Majid

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Active QuarkNet Centers  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Active QuarkNet Centers Active QuarkNet Centers       QuarkNet Home - Information - Calendar - Contacts - Projects - Forms: EoI - Teachers Centers on a Google Map @ the PTEC website Mentor List Sorted by: Last Name Institution Name First Year in Program Argonne National Laboratory - On sabbatical Black Hills State University Brown, Northeastern & Brandeis Universities Brookhaven National Laboratory, Columbia & Stony Brook Universities Chicago State University Colorado State University Fermilab & University of Chicago Florida Institute of Technology Florida International University Florida State University Hampton, George Mason, William & Mary Universities Idaho State University Indiana University - On sabbatical Johns Hopkins University

451

Electrical conductivity of warm dense tungsten  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The electrical conductivity of warm dense tungsten plasma has been investigated successfully by a linear mixture rule considering various interactions of electrons with electrons, atoms, and ions. The plasma composition is calculated by the nonideal Saha equation. The interesting regime for tungsten plasma spans from weakly coupled and nondegenerate regime to strongly coupled and partial degenerate state. The electrical conductivity calculated is in reasonable agreement with the exploding wire experiments and other theoretical models. The present result demonstrates that the theoretical model is valid for the electrical conductivity of tungsten plasma in the warm dense matter regime.

Zhijian Fu; Lijun Jia; Xiaowei Sun; Qifeng Chen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

A review of global ocean temperature observations: Implications for ocean heat content estimates and climate change  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

S. A. Grodsky (2005), Sea level rise and the warming of thecontributions to sea level rise, Oceanography, 24, 112121,acceleration in global sea-level rise, Geophys. Res. Lett. ,

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

The Politics and Culture of Climate Change: US Actors and Global Implications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Despite the scientific consensus on global warming, many people in the USA,both ordinary citizens and elected leaders alikeremain skeptical of the need to act, and in fact remain skeptical of the idea that h...

Charles Waugh

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Global Climatic and Stable Isotopic Correlations During the Early Permian (Cisuralian)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and effects of global warming. This study presents new oxygen and carbon stable isotopic data (?18O and ?13C, VPDB) from carefully screened, early Permian brachiopod shells from the Ural Mountains. Using cathodoluminescence (CL) microscopy, 24 specimens were...

Noret, Jordan R.

2009-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

455

RenewableS 2011 GLOBAL STATUS REPORT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

__20112011 RenewableS 2011 GLOBAL STATUS REPORT Full Report at: http://www.ren21.net/Portals/97/documents/GSR/REN21_GSR2011.pdf #12;11 Changes in renewable energy markets, investments, industries, and policies have been so rapid in recent years that perceptions of the status of renewable energy can lag

Kostic, Milivoje M.

456

Net Metering | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Metering Metering Jump to: navigation, search For electric customers who generate their own electricity, net metering allows for the flow of electricity both to and from the customer,– typically through a single, bi-directional meter. With net metering, when a customer’'s generation exceeds the customer’'s use, the customer's electricity flows back to the grid, offsetting electricity consumed by the customer at a different time. In effect, the customer uses excess generation to offset electricity that the customer otherwise would have to purchase at the utility’'s full retail rate. Net metering is required by law in most states, but some of these laws only apply to investor-owned utilities,– not to municipal utilities or electric cooperatives. [1] Net Metering Incentives

457

Grid Net | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Net Net Jump to: navigation, search Name Grid Net Address 340 Brannan St Place San Francisco, California Zip 94107 Sector Efficiency Product Sells open, interoperable, policy-based network management software Website http://www.grid-net.com/ Coordinates 37.781265°, -122.393229° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.781265,"lon":-122.393229,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

458

From DSM to DSM Net  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The following sections describe the integration of the DSM planning model with process modeling approaches of Petri nets . First, the process correctness criteria for the Dynamic new-Product Design Process (D...

Arie Karniel; Yoram Reich

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Alternative Fuel Vehicles Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Delaware Program Type Net Metering Provider Delaware Public Service Commission In Delaware, net metering is available to any customer that generates electricity using solar, wind or hydro resources, anaerobic digesters, or fuel cells capable of being powered by renewable fuels. Grid-interactive electric vehicles are also eligible for net metering treatment for electricity that they put on the grid, although these vehicles do not themselves generate electricity. The maximum capacity of a net-metered system is 25 kilowatts (kW) for residential customers; 100 kW for farm customers on residential rates; two megawatts (MW) per meter for

460

Valley Electric Association- Net Metering  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Board of Directors for Valley Electric Association (VEA) approved net metering in April 2008. The rules apply to systems up to 30 kW, though owners of larger systems may be able to negotiate...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "net global warming" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 93699379, 2009 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/9/9369/2009/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

). The goal of this treaty is to reduce global warming and to de- termine measures for adaptation report their greenhouse gas emissions. These reports are based on estimations of the amount of GHG and Physics Methane and nitrous oxide emissions in The Netherlands: ambient measurements support the national

Meskhidze, Nicholas

462

2002CALIFORNIAPOWERMIX 2002 NET SYSTEM POWER CALCULATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Power Mix Fuel Type Net System Power Coal 15% Large Hydroelectric 23% Natural Gas 42% Nuclear 11CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION APRIL 2003 300-03-002 2002CALIFORNIAPOWERMIX 2002 NET SYSTEM POWER and report net system power, annually (Senate Bill 1305, Sher, Chapter 796, statue of 1997)1 . Net system

463

Global Security  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

nonpartisan organization with a mission to strengthen global security by reducing the risk of use and preventing the spread of nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons and to...

464

Warm Standby in Hierarchically Structured Process-Control Programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are identified and the reliability of a system using warm standby is evaluated and compared with that of hot standby. Our analysis indicates that the warm standby scheme is particularly suitable for long are possible. The feasibility of warm standby is demonstrated with a simulated chemical batch reactor system

Chen, Ing-Ray

465

DM particles: how warm they can be?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of important questions concerning particles which compose the Dark Matter (DM) is their average speed. We consider the model of relativistic weakly interacting massive particles and try to impose an upper bound on their actual and past warmness through the analysis of density perturbations and comparison with the LSS data. It is assumed that the DM can be described by the recently invented model of reduced relativistic gas (RRG). The equation of state of the RRG model is closely reproducing the one of the Maxwell distribution, while being much simpler. This advantage of the RRG model makes our analysis very efficient. As a result we arrive at the rigid and model-independent bound for the DM warmness without using the standard (much more sophisticated) approach based on the Einstein-Boltzmann system of equations.

Fabris, Julio C. [Departamento de Fisica - CCE, Universidade Federal do Espirito Santo, Vitoria, CEP: 29060-900, ES (Brazil)] [Departamento de Fisica - CCE, Universidade Federal do Espirito Santo, Vitoria, CEP: 29060-900, ES (Brazil); Shapiro, Ilya L.; Sobreira, Flavia, E-mail: fabris@cce.ufes.br, E-mail: shapiro@fisica.ufjf.br, E-mail: flavia_sobreira@yahoo.com.br [Departamento de Fisica - ICE, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, CEP: 36036-330, MG (Brazil)] [Departamento de Fisica - ICE, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, CEP: 36036-330, MG (Brazil)

2009-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

466

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Agricultural Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Home Weatherization Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Wind Program Info State Indiana Program Type Net Metering Provider Indiana Utility Regulatory Commission The Indiana Utility Regulatory Commission (IURC) adopted rules for net metering in September 2004, requiring the state's investor-owned utilities (IOUs) to offer net metering to all electric customers. The rules, which apply to renewable energy resource projects [defined by IC 8-1-37-4(a)(1) - (8)] with a maximum capacity of 1 megawatt (MW), include the following

467

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Agricultural Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Oregon Program Type Net Metering Oregon has established separate net-metering programs for the state's primary investor-owned utilities (PGE and PacifiCorp), and for its municipal utilities and electric cooperatives. '''PGE and PacifiCorp Customers''' The Oregon Public Utilities Commission (PUC) adopted new rules for net metering for PGE and PacifiCorp customers in July 2007, raising the individual system limit from 25 kilowatts (kW) to two megawatts (MW) for non-residential applications. (The rules do not apply to customers of Idaho

468

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Residential Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Wyoming Program Type Net Metering Provider Wyoming Public Service Commission Wyoming enacted legislation in February 2001 that established statewide net metering. The law applies to investor-owned utilities, electric cooperatives and irrigation districts. Eligible technologies include solar, wind, biomass and hydropower systems up to 25 kilowatts (kW) in capacity. Systems must be intended primarily to offset part or all of the customer-generator's requirements for electricity. Net excess generation (NEG) is treated as a kilowatt-hour (kWh) credit or other compensation on the customer's following bill.* When an annual period ends, a utility will purchase unused credits at the utility's avoided-cost

469

A New Algorithm for Standard Cell Global Routing Department of Computer Science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

% reduction in the total channel density compared to the Timberwolf 4.2 package. Keywords: Global routingA New Algorithm for Standard Cell Global Routing Jason Cong Department of Computer Science for standard cell global routing. The algorithm considers all of the interconnection nets simultaneously

Cong, Jason "Jingsheng"

470

Global energy gradients and size in colonial organisms: Worker mass and worker number  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global energy gradients and size in colonial organisms: Worker mass and worker number in ant size varies globally is a key challenge to ecology. Solar energy may shape gradients of body size by its effects on local temperature and net primary productivity (16­20). Rising global temperatures (21

Kaspari, Mike

471

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Institutional Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Arizona Program Type Net Metering Provider Arizona Corporation Commission Net metering is available to customers who generate electricity using solar, wind, hydroelectric, geothermal, biomass, biogas, combined heat and power (CHP) or fuel cell technologies. The ACC has not set a firm kilowatt-based limit on system size capacity; instead, systems must be sized to not exceed 125% of the customer's total connected load. If there is no available load data for the customer, the generating system may not

472

Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Industrial Industrial Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Water Energy Sources Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Wisconsin Program Type Net Metering Provider Public Service Commission of Wisconsin The Public Service Commission of Wisconsin (PSC) issued an order on January 26, 1982 requiring all regulated utilities to file tariffs allowing net metering to customers that generate electricity with systems up to 20 kilowatts (kW)* in capacity. The order applies to investor-owned utilities and municipal utilities, but not to electric cooperatives. All distributed-generation (DG) systems, including renewables and combined heat and power (CHP), are eligible. There is no limit on total enrollment.

473

QuarkNet at Work  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

QuarkNet at Work Information for Active Mentors & Teachers     QuarkNet Home - Information - Calendar - Contacts - Projects - Forms: EoI - Teachers Information Active Centers Calendar Contacts Expectations: for Teachers, for Mentors Information on Other Funding Sources Program Overview Support: for Teachers, for Centers Staff Job Description Activities Essential Practices - Teaching with Inquiry (word.doc) Classroom Activities e-Labs: CMS - Cosmic Ray Boot Camp Project Activities Databases: Data Entry (password only) 2012 Center Reporting Resources Important Findings from Previous Years Mentor Tips Associate Teacher Institute Toolkit Print Bibliography - Online Resources Imaging Detector Principles of Professionalism for Science Educators - NSTA position

474

World Net Nuclear Electric Power Generation, 1980-2007 - Datasets...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

U.S. Energy Information ... World Net Nuclear Electric ... Dataset Activity Stream World Net Nuclear Electric Power Generation, 1980-2007 International data showing world net...

475

Idaho Power - Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Net Metering Net Metering Idaho Power - Net Metering < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Idaho Program Type Net Metering Provider Idaho Power Company Idaho does not have a statewide net-metering policy. However, each of the state's three investor-owned utilities -- Avista Utilities, Idaho Power and Rocky Mountain Power -- has developed a net-metering tariff that has been approved by the Idaho Public Utilities Commission (PUC). The framework of the utilities' net-metering programs is similar, in that each utility: (1) offers net metering to customers that generate electricity using solar, wind, hydropower, biomass or fuel cells; (2) limits residential systems to

476

Avista Utilities - Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Avista Utilities - Net Metering Avista Utilities - Net Metering Avista Utilities - Net Metering < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Residential Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Idaho Program Type Net Metering Provider Avista Utilities Idaho does not have a statewide net-metering policy. However, each of the state's three investor-owned utilities -- Avista Utilities, Idaho Power and Rocky Mountain Power -- has developed a net-metering tariff that has been approved by the Idaho Public Utilities Commission (PUC). The framework of the utilities' net-metering programs is similar, in that each utility: (1) offers net metering to customers that generate electricity using solar,

477

SRP - Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

SRP - Net Metering SRP - Net Metering SRP - Net Metering < Back Eligibility Commercial Residential Savings Category Buying & Making Electricity Solar Wind Program Info State Arizona Program Type Net Metering Provider SRP Salt River Project (SRP) modified an existing net-metering program for residential and commercial customers in November 2013. Net metering is now available to customers who generate electricity using photovoltaic (PV), geothermal, or wind systems up to 300 kilowatts (kW) in AC peak capacity. The kilowatt-hours (kWh) delivered to SRP are subtracted from the kWh delivered from SRP for each billing cycle. If the kWh calculation is net positive for the billing cycle, SRP will bill the net kWh to the customer under the applicable price plan, Standard Price Plan E-21, E-23, E-26,

478

Global Climate Change: Why Understanding the Scientific Enterprise Matters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global Climate Change: Why Understanding the Scientific Enterprise Matters Ellen MosleyPolar/ByrdPolarhttp://bprc.osu.edu/ Understanding Climate Change Risks and Identifying Opportunities for Mitigation & Adaptation in Ohio Ohio State University, May 15, 2014 #12;Key Points Earth's climate is changing - the world is warming ­ that debate

Howat, Ian M.

479

Chapter 15. BIOLOGICALPHYSICAL INTERACTIONS AND GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

605 Chapter 15. BIOLOGICAL­PHYSICAL INTERACTIONS AND GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE: SOME LESSONS FROM EARTH, absorb- ing long-wave radiation emitted from the planet surface and warming Earth's surface temperature combined. The idea that burning a relatively small amount of coal, oil, and gas can affect such a large

Schrag, Daniel

480

SEASONAL CLIMATE EXTREMES: MECHANISMS, PREDICTABILITY AND RESPONSES TO GLOBAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SEASONAL CLIMATE EXTREMES: MECHANISMS, PREDICTABILITY AND RESPONSES TO GLOBAL WARMING Mxolisi Excellent Shongwe #12;ISBN : 978-90-902-5046-5 #12;SEASONAL CLIMATE EXTREMES: MECHANISMS, PREDICTABILITY;. . . Dedicated to my late father John Mabhensa Shongwe #12;ABSTRACT Climate extremes are rarely occurring natural

Haak, Hein

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "net global warming" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Feasibility of Achieving Net-Zero-Energy Net-Zero-Cost  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Feasibility of Achieving Net- Zero-Energy Net-Zero-Cost Homes I.S. Walker, Al-Beaini, SSimjanovic,JohnStanley,BretStrogen,IainWalker FeasibilityofAchieving ZeroNetEnergy,Zero NetCostHomes #12;4 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

482

Feasibility of Achieving a Zero-Net-Energy, Zero-Net-Cost Homes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Feasibility of Achieving a Zero-Net-Energy, Zero-Net-Cost Homes 1 fey, 1David Feasibility of Achieving a ZeroNetEnergy, ZeroNetCost Homes 1 #12;2 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The material building competition, to be known as the Energy Free Home Challenge (EFHC), is scheduled to be opened

483

Hyperbolic Dirac Nets for medical decision support. Theory, methods, and comparison with Bayes Nets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We recently introduced the concept of a Hyperbolic Dirac Net (HDN) for medical inference on the grounds that, while the traditional Bayes Net (BN) is popular in medicine, it is not suited to that domain: there are many interdependencies such that any ... Keywords: Bayes Net, Complex, Decision support system, Dirac, Expert system, Hyperbolic, Hyperbolic Dirac Net, Medical inference

Barry Robson

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Constrained CP-nets Steve Prestwich  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Constrained CP-nets Steve Prestwich , Francesca Rossi � , Kristen Brent Venable �, Toby Walsh 1, soft constraints, and CP-nets. We construct a set of hard constraints whose solutions are the optimal to represent preferences, we will consider CP-nets [6, 3], which is a quali- tative approach where preferences

Walsh, Toby

485

Constrained CP-nets Steve Prestwich1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Constrained CP-nets Steve Prestwich1 , Francesca Rossi2 , Kristen Brent Venable2 , Toby Walsh1 1, soft constraints, and CP nets. We construct a set of hard constraints whose solutions are the optimal. Among the many existing approaches to represent preferencess, we will consider CP nets [5,3], which

Rossi, Francesca

486

2007 NET SYSTEM POWER REPORT STAFFREPORT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-2007.......................................................................5 Figure 3: Natural Gas and Coal Shares of Net System Power Mix Become Larger 1999-2007.....7 ListCALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION 2007 NET SYSTEM POWER REPORT STAFFREPORT April 2008 CEC-200 .................................................................................................................. 1 Net System Power Findings

487

The CloudNets Network Virtualization Architecture  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nets Network Virtualization Architecture Johannes Grassler jgrassler@inet.tu-berlin.de 05. Februar, 2014 Johannes Grassler jgrassler@inet.tu-berlin.de The CloudNets Network Virtualization Architecture #12;..... . .... . .... . ..... . .... . .... . .... . ..... . .... . .... . .... . ..... . .... . .... . .... . ..... . .... . ..... . .... . .... . Johannes Grassler jgrassler@inet.tu-berlin.de The CloudNets Network Virtualization Architecture #12

Schmid, Stefan

488

BABCOCK INSTITUTE DISCUSSION PAPER An Evaluation of The Impact of Globalization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Demand Factors 4 Supply Factors 4 WILD CARDS 7 Currency (Exchange rates) 7 Oil Price 8 Shift to Lower forecasts that net global import demand for dairy products will grow faster than net export supply at least through the next decade. The strong import demand growth is projected to come mainly from develop- ing

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

489

The Role of Abatement Costs in GHG Permit Allocations: A Global Stabilization Scenario Analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Our objective is to propose permit allocation schemes that lead to a fair distribution of the net abatement cost among regions in a global greenhouse gas (GHG) stabilization scenario. We use a detailed...

Kathleen Vaillancourt; Richard Loulou; Amit Kanudia

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Storing images in warm atomic vapor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reversible and coherent storage of light in atomic medium is a key-stone of future quantum information applications. In this work, arbitrary two-dimensional images are slowed and stored in warm atomic vapor for up to 30 $\\mu$s, utilizing electromagnetically induced transparency. Both the intensity and the phase patterns of the optical field are maintained. The main limitation on the storage resolution and duration is found to be the diffusion of atoms. A techniqueanalogous to phase-shift lithography is employed to diminish the effect of diffusion on the visibility of the reconstructed image.

M. Shuker; O. Firstenberg; R. Pugatch; A. Ron; N. Davidson

2008-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

491

Phenomenological solar contribution to the 19002000 global surface N. Scafetta1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Phenomenological solar contribution to the 1900­2000 global surface warming N. Scafetta1 and B. J 2006. [1] We study the role of solar forcing on global surface temperature during four periods on four scale-dependent empirical climate sensitive parameters to solar variations. We use two alternative

Scafetta, Nicola

492

Global production through 2005  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two companion studies released recently should provide great food for thought among geo-political strategists and various national governments. If predictions contained in these Petroconsultants studies of oil and gas production trends for the next 10 years are realized, there will be great repercussions for net exporters and importers, alike. After analyzing and predicting trends within each of the world`s significant producing nations for the 1996--2005 period, the crude oil and condensate report concludes tat global production will jump nearly 24%. By contrast, worldwide gas output will leap 40%. The cast of characters among producers and exporters that will benefit from these increases varies considerably for each fuel. On the oil side, Russia and the OPEC members, particularly the Persian Gulf nations, will be back in the driver`s seat in terms of affecting export and pricing patterns. On the gas side, the leading producers will be an interesting mix of mostly non-OPEC countries. The reemergence of Persian Gulf oil producers, coupled with an anticipated long-term decline among top non-OPEC producing nations should present a sobering picture to government planners within large net importers, such as the US. They are likely to find themselves in much the same supply trap as was experienced in the 1970s, only this time the dependence on foreign oil supplies will be much worse. Gas supplies will not be similarly constrained, and some substitution for oil is probable. Here, two articles, ``World oil industry is set for transition`` and ``Worldwide gas surges forward in next decade,`` present a summary of the findings detailed in Petroconsultants` recent studies.

Foreman, N.E. [Petroconsultants, Inc., Houston, TX (United States)

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Net Energy Billing | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Energy Billing Energy Billing Net Energy Billing < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Institutional Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Residential Schools Savings Category Bioenergy Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Maine Program Type Net Metering Provider Maine Public Utilities Commission All of Maine's electric utilities -- investor-owned utilities (IOUs), consumer-owned utilities (COUs), which include municipal utilities and electric cooperatives -- must offer net energy billing for individual customers. Furthermore IOUs are required to offer net metering for shared ownership customers, while COUs may offer net metering to shared ownership

494

Global Paradox  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

From the Publisher:In the tradition of his bestselling Megatrends books, John Naisbitt explores the new wave of global economic change predicted as a result of the breaking apart of the Soviet empire--and the opportunities and challenges for nations, ...

John Naisbitt

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Kansas - Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Kansas - Net Metering Kansas - Net Metering Kansas - Net Metering < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Bioenergy Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State Kansas Program Type Net Metering Provider Kansas Corporation Commission Kansas adopted the Net Metering and Easy Connection Act in May 2009 (see K.S.A. 66-1263 through 66-1271), establishing net metering for customers of investor-owned utilities in Kansas. Net metering applies to systems that generate electricity using solar, wind, methane, biomass or hydro resources, and to fuel cells using hydrogen produced by an eligible

496

Progress Energy - Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Progress Energy - Net Metering Progress Energy - Net Metering Progress Energy - Net Metering < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Bioenergy Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State South Carolina Program Type Net Metering Provider Progress Energy Carolinas In August 2009, the South Carolina Public Service Commission issued an order mandating net metering be made available by the regulated electric utilities; the order incorporates a net metering settlement signed by the individual interveners, the Office of Regulatory Staff and the three investor-owned utilities (IOUs). The order detailed the terms of net metering, including ownership of RECs, in South Carolina and standardized

497

Net Metering Webinar | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Net Metering Webinar Net Metering Webinar Net Metering Webinar June 25, 2014 11:00AM MDT Attendees will become familiar with the services provided by utility net metering and their importance in making projects cost-effective. The speakers will provide information based on case histories of how facilities that generate their own electricity from renewable energy sources can feed electricity they do not use back into the grid. Many states have net-metering laws with which utilities must comply. In states without such legislation, utilities may offer net-metering programs voluntarily or as a result of regulatory decisions. The webinar will cover the general differences between states' legislation and implementation and how the net-metering benefits can vary widely for facilities in different areas of

498

Duke Energy - Net Metering | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Duke Energy - Net Metering Duke Energy - Net Metering Duke Energy - Net Metering < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Bioenergy Water Buying & Making Electricity Solar Home Weatherization Wind Program Info State South Carolina Program Type Net Metering In August 2009, the South Carolina Public Service Commission issued an [http://dms.psc.sc.gov/pdf/matters/F05030FC-E19A-9225-B838F72EDF4557DC.pdf] order mandating net metering be made available by the regulating utilities; the order incorporates a net metering settlement signed by the individual interveners, the Office of Regulatory Staff and the three investor-owned utilities (IOUs). The order detailed the terms of net metering, including

499

Global Warming and the Specter of Geoengineering: Ecological Apocalypse, Modernist Hubris, and Scientific-Technological Salvation in Kim Stanley Robinsons Global Warming Trilogy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Kim Stanley Robinson has emerged as one of the most environmentally concerned and political savvy science fiction writers among his contemporaries. His ecological concerns began early and reached maturity in his ...

Ernest J. Yanarella; Christopher Rice

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Progress toward Biomass and Coal-Derived Syngas Warm Cleanup...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Progress toward Biomass and Coal-Derived Syngas Warm Cleanup: Proof-of-Concept Process Demonstration of Multicontaminant Removal Progress toward Biomass and Coal-Derived Syngas...