National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for net change analysis

  1. Analysis ? Targeting Zero Net Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Analysis - Targeting Zero Net Energy 2014 Building Technologies Office Peer Review Scott Horowitz, scott.horowitz@nrel.gov NREL Project Summary Timeline: Start date: 2010 Planned...

  2. Achieving Net Zero: Climate Change & Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, Michael R.

    Achieving Net Zero: Climate Change & Sustainability University of California, Irvine #12 & Energy Services Coordinator, Facilities Management Tanya Harris - A/P Administrative Specialist in environmental stewardship for decades. Operational staff began implementing progressive programs for energy

  3. Project Frog: Net Zero Energy Comparative Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Project Frog: Net Zero Energy Comparative Analysis Hawai`i Natural Energy Institute | School undertand how they perform. The net zero energy (NZE) platforms were installed as research prototypes, Kauai #12;Project Frog: Net Zero Energy Comparative Analysis Hawai`i Natural Energy Institute | School

  4. Transient climate change and net ecosystem production of the terrestrial biosphere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiao, Xiangming.; Melillo, Jerry M.; Kicklighter, David W.; McGuire, A. David.; Prinn, Ronald G.; Wang, Chien.; Stone, Peter H.; Sokolov, Andrei P.

    The Terrestrial Ecosystem Model (TEM version 4.1) is applied to assess the sensitivity of net ecosystem production (NEP) of the terrestrial biosphere to transient changes in atmospheric CO2 concentration and climate in the ...

  5. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Note: Illinois is currently undergoing a rulemaking that would change its existing net metering rules. The proposed rules include provisions clarifying virtual net metering policies, facilitating...

  6. Access Nets: Modeling Access to Physical Robert Frohardt, Bor-Yuh Evan Chang, and Sriram Sankaranarayanan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Bor-Yuh Evan

    Access Nets: Modeling Access to Physical Spaces Robert Frohardt, Bor-Yuh Evan Chang, and Sriram) Robert Frohardt, Bor-Yuh Evan Chang, and Sriram Sankaranarayanan University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, USA {frohardt,bec,srirams}@cs.colorado.edu Abstract. Electronic, software-managed mechanisms

  7. Operational Analysis of Timed Petri Nets and Application to the Computation of Performance Bounds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiola, Giovanni

    networks were al­ ready proven to hold in stochastic Petri net models. In this paper we derive, under muchOperational Analysis of Timed Petri Nets and Application to the Computation of Performance Bounds G the behaviour of timed Petri nets un­ der very weak assumptions on their timing semantics. New operational

  8. Synthesis and Analysis of Product-form Petri Nets Serge Haddad

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doyen, Laurent

    generally untractable. Being first introduced in queueing networks, it has been adapted to Markovian PetriSynthesis and Analysis of Product-form Petri Nets Serge Haddad ENS Cachan, LSV, CNRS UMR 8643 nets. Here we address three relevant issues for product-form Petri nets which were left fully

  9. Using Risk Analysis to Assess User Trust A Net-Bank Scenario

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stølen, Ketil

    Using Risk Analysis to Assess User Trust ­ A Net-Bank Scenario ­ Gyrd Brændeland1 and Ketil Stølen1 advocates asset-oriented risk analysis as a means to help defend user trust. The paper focuses on a net approach defines user trust as an asset and makes use of asset-oriented risk analysis to identify treats

  10. Compositional construction and analysis of Petri net systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rojas, Isabel C.

    Most Petri net (PN) based modelling formalisms represent the system modelled as a flat net. This may not clearly reflect the elements that participate in the system and the way they communicate or interact. It can also ...

  11. Automated Customer-Centric Performance Analysis of Generalised Stochastic Petri Nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Imperial College, London

    Automated Customer-Centric Performance Analysis of Generalised Stochastic Petri Nets Using Tagged in Generalised Stochastic Petri Net (GSPN) models are indistinguishable, it is not always possible to reason of the "tagged customer" technique used in the analysis of queueing networks. Under this scheme, one token

  12. Modeling and analysis of threshold queues with hysteresis using stochastic Petri nets: the monoclass case

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tuffin, Bruno

    Modeling and analysis of threshold queues with hysteresis using stochastic Petri nets. Many applications of such a system can be found in the transport protocols of communication networks Petri Nets (SPNs), a powerful paradigm to represent complex systems. The representation is shown

  13. Carbon Density and Anthropogenic Land Use Influences on Net Land-Use Change Emissions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, Steven J.; Rothwell, Andrew J.

    2013-10-08

    We examine historical and future land-use emissions using a simple mechanistic carbon-cycle model with regional and ecosystem specific parameterizations. Our central estimate of net terrestrial land-use change emissions, exclusive of climate feedbacks, is 250 GtC over the last three hundred years. This estimate is most sensitive to assumptions for preindustrial forest and soil carbon densities. We also find that estimates are sensitive to the treatment of crop and pasture lands. These sensitivities also translate into differences in future terrestrial uptake in the RCP4.5 land-use scenario. This estimate of future uptake is lower than the native values from the GCAM integrated assessment model result due to lower net reforestation in the RCP4.5 gridded land-use data product

  14. Net primary production of terrestrial ecosystems in China and its equilibrium response to changes in climate and atmospheric CO? concentration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiao, Xiangming.; Melillo, Jerry M.; Kicklighter, David W.; Pan, Yude.; McGuire, A. David.; Helfrich III, J.V.K.

    The Terrestrial Ecosystem Model (TEM, version 4.0) was used to estimate net primary production (NPP) in China for contemporary climate and NPP responses to elevated CO? and climate changes projected by three atmospheric ...

  15. Synthesis and Analysis of Product-form Petri Nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haddad, Serge; Nguyen, Hoang-Thach

    2011-01-01

    For a large Markovian model, a "product form" is an explicit description of the steady-state behaviour which is otherwise generally untractable. Being first introduced in queueing networks, it has been adapted to Markovian Petri nets. Here we address three relevant issues for product-form Petri nets which were left fully or partially open: (1) we provide a sound and complete set of rules for the synthesis; (2) we characterise the exact complexity of classical problems like reachability; (3) we introduce a new subclass for which the normalising constant (a crucial value for product-form expression) can be efficiently computed.

  16. Analysis of some properties for a basic Petri net model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fortis, Alexandra Emilia

    2009-01-01

    The formalism of the models with Petri networks provides a sound theoretical base, supported by powerful mathematical methods able to extract information necessary for the formalism and simulation of the real system that provides features of competition and synchronization. The paper presents a model based on a Petri net, in order to extract information relative to the technological producing process of a food additive.

  17. Net-energy analysis of a retrofit geothermal-heating system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kauffman, D.; Houghton, A.V.; Kuo, W.S.

    1981-01-01

    A net energy analysis was carried out as part of a study of the potential engineering and economic feasibility for geothermal heating of the campus of the University of New Mexico in Albuquerque. The geothermal system design included production and disposal wells, surface facilities and retrofitting of eighteen existing buildings. For a 30-year project life, the net energy ratio was found to be about 7.1.

  18. Access Nets: Modeling Access to Physical Spaces Robert Frohardt, Bor-Yuh Evan Chang, and Sriram Sankaranarayanan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Bor-Yuh Evan

    Access Nets: Modeling Access to Physical Spaces Robert Frohardt, Bor-Yuh Evan Chang, and Sriram Sankaranarayanan University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, USA {frohardt,bec,srirams}@cs.colorado.edu Abstract Frohardt, Bor-Yuh Evan Chang, and Sriram Sankaranarayanan Lobby Archive Gallery visitor guard curator

  19. Dependability Analysis of Control Center Networks in Smart Grid using Stochastic Petri Nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Xuemin "Sherman"

    1 Dependability Analysis of Control Center Networks in Smart Grid using Stochastic Petri Nets networks have attracted a great deal of attention, because their security and dependability issues, but few work focuses on the dependability analysis of control center networks. In this paper, we adopt

  20. Approximation Technique of Finite Capacity Queuing Networks Exploiting Petri Net Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gribaudo, Marco

    Approximation Technique of Finite Capacity Queuing Networks Exploiting Petri Net Analysis Marco for deriving approximate measures for finite capacity queuing networks. The fact that buffers have finite capacity makes the analysis of such networks very difficult. Indeed, FC-QNs do not have a product form

  1. NET-VISA: Network Processing Vertically Integrated Seismic Analysis by Nimar S. Arora, Stuart Russell,*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Stuart

    NET-VISA: Network Processing Vertically Integrated Seismic Analysis by Nimar S. Arora, Stuart Russell,* and Erik Sudderth Abstract The automated processing of multiple seismic signals to detect and in real time, performing station processing (analysis and reduction of raw seismic sensor data to detect

  2. A Petri Net Approach to Persistence Analysis in Chemical Reaction Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Leenheer, Patrick

    A Petri Net Approach to Persistence Analysis in Chemical Reaction Networks David Angeli, Patrick De not approach the boundary of this orthant. For chemical reaction networks and other models in biology as well as sufficient conditions for of chemical species in reaction networks, and the applicability

  3. A Petri Net Approach to Persistence Analysis in Chemical Reaction Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sontag, Eduardo

    A Petri Net Approach to Persistence Analysis in Chemical Reaction Networks David Angeli, Patrick De not approach the boundary of this orthant. For chemical reaction networks and other models in biology as well as sufficient conditions for persistence of chemical species in reaction networks

  4. NetMul, a WorldWide Web user interface for multivariate analysis software

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thioulouse, Jean

    1 NetMul, a World­Wide Web user interface for multivariate analysis software Jean Thioulouse The development of graphical user interfaces (GUI) for computer operating systems and desktop software Macintosh Finder, are examples of this development. Statistical software has followed this route (see

  5. A Net Energy-based Analysis for a Climate-constrained Sustainable Energy Transition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sgouridis, Sgouris; Csala, Denes

    2015-01-01

    The transition from a fossil-based energy economy to one based on renewable energy is driven by the double challenge of climate change and resource depletion. Building a renewable energy infrastructure requires an upfront energy investment that subtracts from the net energy available to society. This investment is determined by the need to transition to renewable energy fast enough to stave off the worst consequences of climate change and, at the same time, maintain a sufficient net energy flow to sustain the world's economy and population. We show that a feasible transition pathway requires that the rate of investment in renewable energy should accelerate approximately by an order of magnitude if we are to stay within the range of IPCC recommendations.

  6. LIFE CYCLE ANALYSIS OF HIGH-PERFORMANCE MONOCRYSTALLINE SILICON PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEMS: ENERGY PAYBACK TIMES AND NET ENERGY PRODUCTION VALUE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -344-3957, vmf5@columbia.edu 2 Center for Life Cycle Analysis, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA 3 SunLIFE CYCLE ANALYSIS OF HIGH-PERFORMANCE MONOCRYSTALLINE SILICON PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEMS: ENERGY PAYBACK TIMES AND NET ENERGY PRODUCTION VALUE Vasilis Fthenakis1,2 , Rick Betita2 , Mark Shields3 , Rob

  7. Analysis of the Climate Change Technology Initiative

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    1999-01-01

    Analysis of the impact of specific policies on the reduction of carbon emissions and their impact on U.S. energy use and prices in the 2008-2012 time frame. Also, analyzes the impact of the President's Climate Change Technology Initiative, as defined for the 2000 budget, on reducing carbon emissions from the levels forecast in the Annual Energy Outlook 1999 reference case.

  8. Analysis to determine the maximum dimensions of flexible apertures in sensored security netting products.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murton, Mark; Bouchier, Francis A.; vanDongen, Dale T.; Mack, Thomas Kimball; Cutler, Robert Paul; Ross, Michael P.

    2013-08-01

    Although technological advances provide new capabilities to increase the robustness of security systems, they also potentially introduce new vulnerabilities. New capability sometimes requires new performance requirements. This paper outlines an approach to establishing a key performance requirement for an emerging intrusion detection sensor: the sensored net. Throughout the security industry, the commonly adopted standard for maximum opening size through barriers is a requirement based on square inches-typically 96 square inches. Unlike standard rigid opening, the dimensions of a flexible aperture are not fixed, but variable and conformable. It is demonstrably simple for a human intruder to move through a 96-square-inch opening that is conformable to the human body. The longstanding 96-square-inch requirement itself, though firmly embedded in policy and best practice, lacks a documented empirical basis. This analysis concluded that the traditional 96-square-inch standard for openings is insufficient for flexible openings that are conformable to the human body. Instead, a circumference standard is recommended for these newer types of sensored barriers. The recommended maximum circumference for a flexible opening should be no more than 26 inches, as measured on the inside of the netting material.

  9. On the Use of Structural Petri Net Analysis for Studying Product Form Equilibrium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gribaudo, Marco

    relations between the Petri net formalism and the queueing networks with blocking. This type of queueing that the representation of these queueing networks by means of Generalized Stochastic Petri Nets offers the possibility equilibrium distributions for queueing networks with block- ing by means of structural Petri net results. More

  10. Universal Cone Angle of ac Electrosprays Due to Net Charge Entrainment Nishant Chetwani, Siddharth Maheshwari, and Hsueh-Chia Chang*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Hsueh-Chia

    Universal Cone Angle of ac Electrosprays Due to Net Charge Entrainment Nishant Chetwani, Siddharth that ac entrainment of low-mobility anions, generated by field-assisted ion dissociation, sustains a net by an entrained net free (space) charge and hence is independent of the exter- nal field. We confirm the above

  11. Post-fire changes in net shortwave radiation along a latitudinal gradient in boreal North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y, Jin; Randerson, J T; Goulden, M L; Goetz, S J

    2012-01-01

    J. , et al. (2003), Large forest fires in Canada, 1959–1997,change on Canadian forest fires, Geophys. Res. Lett. , 31,management on boreal forest fire activity under climate

  12. Post-fire changes in net shortwave radiation along a latitudinal gradient in boreal North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y, Jin; Randerson, J T; Goulden, M L; Goetz, S J

    2012-01-01

    winter incoming solar radiation and summer albedo changeDa) and incoming solar radiation (S in ), both of which varymean all-sky incoming solar radiation at the surface (S in )

  13. Engineering, Financial and Net Energy Performance, and Risk Analysis for Parabolic Trough Solar Power Plants 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luo, Jun

    2014-08-08

    An investigation was conducted to determine how technology innovations, potential risks, plant configuration and size, operating strategy, and financial incentives affect the electricity output, financial payback, and net ...

  14. Relative Roles of Changes in CO2 and Climate to Equilibrium Responses of Net Primary Production and Carbon Storage of the Terrestrial Biosphere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -GFDL) and a 2-dimensional climate model (Land-Ocean climate model at Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyRelative Roles of Changes in CO2 and Climate to Equilibrium Responses of Net Primary Production Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA 3 National Biological Service, Alaska Cooperative Fish

  15. Unfolding of time Petri nets for quantitative time analysis Medesu Sogbohossou and David Delfieu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    are interesting formalism with expressing power of true parallelism or concurrency in discrete events systems. Time Petri nets (TPN) [1] are timed extension often used to modelize realtime systems. Thanks://www.irccyn.ec-nantes.fr Abstract. The verification of properties on a Time Petri net is often based on the state class graph

  16. A Change Impact Analysis Approach for Workflow Repository Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    A Change Impact Analysis Approach for Workflow Repository Management Gustavo A. Oliva* , Marco A dependency-centric change impact analysis approach for workflow repository management. The approach relies that ranged from 11 (+10%) to 35 (+250%). Keywords--change impact analysis; dependency management; workflow

  17. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Kansas adopted the Net Metering and Easy Connection Act in May 2009, which established net metering for customers of investor-owned utilities (IOUs). 

  18. NIH Portfolio Analysis on Climate Change and Health

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Madey, Gregory R.

    NIH Portfolio Analysis on Climate Change and Health Total studies that in some way relate to climate change 1,357 > Directly relate to climate change 7 > Examine the climate variables on health 85 response to climate change By David Taylor Climate change and its relationship to health research

  19. Building waste management core indicators through Spatial Material Flow Analysis: Net recovery and transport intensity indexes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Font Vivanco, David; Puig Ventosa, Ignasi; Gabarrell Durany, Xavier

    2012-12-15

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Sustainability and proximity principles have a key role in waste management. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Core indicators are needed in order to quantify and evaluate them. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A systematic, step-by-step approach is developed in this study for their development. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Transport may play a significant role in terms of environmental and economic costs. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Policy action is required in order to advance in the consecution of these principles. - Abstract: In this paper, the material and spatial characterization of the flows within a municipal solid waste (MSW) management system are combined through a Network-Based Spatial Material Flow Analysis. Using this information, two core indicators are developed for the bio-waste fraction, the Net Recovery Index (NRI) and the Transport Intensity Index (TII), which are aimed at assessing progress towards policy-related sustainable MSW management strategies and objectives. The NRI approaches the capacity of a MSW management system for converting waste into resources through a systematic metabolic approach, whereas the TII addresses efficiency in terms of the transport requirements to manage a specific waste flow throughout the entire MSW management life cycle. Therefore, both indicators could be useful in assessing key MSW management policy strategies, such as the consecution of higher recycling levels (sustainability principle) or the minimization of transport by locating treatment facilities closer to generation sources (proximity principle). To apply this methodological approach, the bio-waste management system of the region of Catalonia (Spain) has been chosen as a case study. Results show the adequacy of both indicators for identifying those points within the system with higher capacity to compromise its environmental, economic and social performance and therefore establishing clear targets for policy prioritization. Moreover, this methodological approach permits scenario building, which could be useful in assessing the outcomes of hypothetical scenarios, thus proving its adequacy for strategic planning.

  20. Design Approach and Performance Analysis of a Small Integrated Heat Pump (IHP) for Net Zero Energy Homes (ZEH)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rice, C Keith [ORNL; Murphy, Richard W [ORNL; Baxter, Van D [ORNL

    2008-01-01

    This paper describes the design and performance analysis of a variable-capacity heat pump system developed for a small [1800ft2 (167 m2)] prototype net ZEH with an average design cooling load of 1.25 tons (4.4 kW) in five selected US climates. The heat pump integrates space heating and cooling, water heating, ventilation, and humidity control (humidification and dehumidification) functions into a single integrated heat pump (IHP) unit. The design approach uses one small variable-capacity compressor to meet all the above functions in an energy efficient manner. Modal performance comparisons to an earlier IHP product are shown relative to the proposed new design for net ZEH application. The annual performance analysis approach using TRNSYS in conjunction with the ORNL Heat Pump Design Model is discussed. Annual performance projections for a range of locations are compared to those of a base system consisting of separate pieces of equipment to perform the same functions. The ZEH IHP is projected to reduce energy use for space heating & cooling, water heating, dehumidification, and ventilation for a net ZEH by about 50% compared to that of the base system.

  1. Naval petroleum reserves: Preliminary analysis of future net revenues from Elk Hills production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1986-01-01

    This is an interim report on the present value of the net revenues from Elk Hills Naval Petroleum Reserve. GAO calculated alternative present values of the net revenues applying (1) low, medium, and high forecasts of future crude oil prices and (2) alternative interest rates for discounting the future net revenues to their present values. The calculations are sensitive to both the oil price forecasts and discount rates used; they are preliminary and should be used with caution. They do not take into account possible added tax revenues collected by the government if Elk Hills were sold nor varying production levels and practices, which could either increase or decrease the total amount of oil that can be extracted.

  2. Risk Analysis of Changing and Evolving Systems Using CORAS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stølen, Ketil

    Risk Analysis of Changing and Evolving Systems Using CORAS Mass Soldal Lund1 , Bjørnar Solhaug1, University of Oslo, Norway {mass.s.lund,bjornar.solhaug,ketil.stolen}@sintef.no Abstract. Risk analysis time. In order to appropriately handle change, risk analysis must be supported with specialised

  3. Climate Change Uncertainty and Skepticism: A Cross-Country Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Sharon J.

    Climate Change Uncertainty and Skepticism: A Cross-Country Analysis Skepticism about climate change for other countries. · Skepticism and uncertainty are related but different aspects of climate change perceptions. In the literature, skepticism often relates to whether people believe climate change is happening

  4. Representing Genetic Networks as Labeled Hybrid Petri Nets for State Space Exploration and Markov Chain Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myers, Chris J.

    Representing Genetic Networks as Labeled Hybrid Petri Nets for State Space Exploration and Markov is to develop a way to convert genetic networks into logical models. Once this is done, finding the state graph into the reachability of the states in the original network. Therefore, the second goal of this project is to develop

  5. Analysis of the Climate Change Technology Initiative: Fiscal Year 2001

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2000-01-01

    Analysis of the potential impacts of Climate Change Technology Initiative, relative to the baseline energy projections in the Annual Energy Outlook 2000 (AEO2000).

  6. Land-Use Change Data Analysis

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    change, global bioenergy crop models and indicators of sustainability. Brazilian Bioethanol Science and Technology Laboratory, Campinas, Brazil, Oct 2012. 20 Presentation name...

  7. Multilayer Network Model for Analysis and Management of Change Propagation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    1 Multilayer Network Model for Analysis and Management of Change Propagation Michael C. Pasqual · Olivier L. de Weck Abstract A pervasive problem for engineering change management is the phenomenon and management of change propagation using the model. The repository includes a few novel tools and metrics, most

  8. Policy Analysis Changing Trends in Sulfur Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobson, Mark

    Goddard Institute for Space Studies, New York, New York, and Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto in Asia where the pressing environ- mental problems of urban pollution, acid deposition, and climate change are intimately linked to sulfur (1). Over the last 25 years the primary energy demand in Asia has

  9. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Missouri enacted legislation in June 2007 requiring all electric utilities—investor-owned utilities, municipal utilities, and electric cooperatives—to offer net metering to customers with systems...

  10. Data Modelling for Analysis of Adaptive Changes in Fly Photoreceptors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Juusola, Mikko

    describe accurately the observed adaptation process at each new level of changing light inputs. GeneralizedData Modelling for Analysis of Adaptive Changes in Fly Photoreceptors Uwe Friederich1,2 , Daniel://www.shef.ac.uk/acse Abstract. Adaptation is a hallmark of sensory processing. We studied neural adaptation in intracellular

  11. Scaling Analysis of Nanowire Phase Change Memory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Jie; Anantram, M P

    2013-01-01

    This letter analyzes the scaling property of nanowire (NW) phase change memory (PCM) using analytic and numerical methods. The scaling scenarios of the three widely-used NW PCM peration schemes (constant electric field, voltage, and current) are studied and compared. It is shown that if the device size is downscaled by a factor of 1/k (k>1), the peration energy (current) will be reduced by more than k3 (k) times, and the operation speed will be increased by k2 times. It is also shown that more than 90% of operation energy is wasted as thermal flux into substrate and electrodes. We predict that, if the wasted thermal flux is effectively reduced by heat confinement technologies, the energy consumed per RESET operation can be decreased from about 1 pJ to less than 100 fJ. It is shown that reducing NW aspect ratio (AR) helps decreasing PCM energy consumption. It is revealed that cross-cell thermal proximity disturbance is counter-intuitively alleviated by scaling, leading to a desirable scaling scenario.

  12. Soil Carbon Change and Net Energy Associated with Biofuel Production on Marginal Lands: A Regional Modeling Perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bandaru, Varaprasad; Izaurralde, Roberto C.; Manowitz, David H.; Link, Robert P.; Zhang, Xuesong; Post, W. M.

    2013-12-01

    The use of marginal lands (MLs) for biofuel production has been contemplated as a promising solution for meeting biofuel demands. However, there have been concerns with spatial location of MLs, their inherent biofuel potential, and possible environmental consequences with the cultivation of energy crops. Here, we developed a new quantitative approach that integrates high-resolution land cover and land productivity maps and uses conditional probability density functions for analyzing land use patterns as a function of land productivity to classify the agricultural lands. We subsequently applied this method to determine available productive croplands (P-CLs) and non-crop marginal lands (NC-MLs) in a nine-county Southern Michigan. Furthermore, Spatially Explicit Integrated Modeling Framework (SEIMF) using EPIC (Environmental Policy Integrated Climate) was used to understand the net energy (NE) and soil organic carbon (SOC) implications of cultivating different annual and perennial production systems.

  13. Global Analysis of Snow Cover Changes Using Google Earth Engine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coll, Jim

    2014-11-19

    Global Analysis of Snow Cover Changes Using MODIS and Google Earth Engine By: Jim Coll Importance of This Project • To establish whether or not Google Earth Engine is a viable platform for this type of “big data” analysis • Depending... is Google Earth Engine? Google Earth Engine is a massive data warehouse (2+ petabytes) of remote sensing imagery including all past Landsat and MODIS data. The platform supports JavaScript and Python analysis of these data, and performs the calculations...

  14. Title: Net Energy Ratio and Greenhouse Gas Analysis of a Biogas Power Plant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bauer, Wolfgang

    of a Biogas Power Plant Author: W. Bauer Author Affiliation: Department and greenhouse gas analysis for a 1.45 MW (0.71 MW electrical) biogas power plant

  15. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The ACC requires that net metering charges be assessed on a non-discriminatory basis. Any new or additional charges that would increase an eligible customer-generator's costs beyond those of other...

  16. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Iowa's statutes do not explicitly authorize the Iowa Utilities Board (IUB) to mandate net metering, but this authority is implicit through the board's enforcement of PURPA and Iowa Code § 476.41 ...

  17. Net Metering

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    With these regulations, renewable energy systems with a capacity up to 25 kilowatts (kW) are eligible for net metering. Overall enrollment is limited to 1.5% of a utility's retail sales from the...

  18. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Net excess generation (NEG) is treated as a kilowatt-hour (kWh) credit or other compensation on the customer's following bill.* When an annual period ends, a utility will purchase unused credits...

  19. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Nevada's original net-metering law for renewable-energy systems was enacted in 1997 and amended in 2001, 2003, 2005, 2007, 2011, 2013, and 2015. Systems up to one megawatt (MW) in capacity that...

  20. 1, 275309, 2004 Net ecosystem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    respiration rates are 5 µmol m-2 s-1 . Net annual sequestration of carbon (C) was estimated at 1.7 (±0.5) ton the short intense growing season. The associated cost to the sequestration of carbon may be another C ha-1 in 2001. The net carbon exchange of the forest was extremely sensitive to small changes

  1. Next Generation BotNet Protocol Analysis Felix S. Leder and Peter Martini

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clausen, Michael

    The command & control (c&c) protocols of botnets are moving away from plaintext IRC communicationt towards. For commonly used protocols like IRC and HTTP, there is a wide range of automated analysis and monitoring tools botnets are sticking to traditional IRC communication [22] but more and more botnets are moving towards

  2. Improving Size-Change Analysis in Offline Partial Evaluation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leuschel, Michael; Vidal, German

    2009-01-01

    Some recent approaches for scalable offline partial evaluation of logic programs include a size-change analysis for ensuring both so called local and global termination. In this work|inspired by experimental evaluation|we introduce several improvements that may increase the accuracy of the analysis and, thus, the quality of the associated specialized programs. We aim to achieve this while maintaining the same complexity and scalability of the recent works.

  3. Net primary production of terrestrial ecosystems in China and its equilibrium responses to changes in climate and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in climate and atmospheric CO2 concentration X. Xiao1,2 , J.M. Melillo1 , D.W. Kicklighter1 , Y. Pan1 , A of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 3 Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, AK 99775) in China for contemporary climate and NPP responses to elevated CO2 and climate changes projected by three

  4. Improving Size-Change Analysis in Offline Partial Evaluation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vidal, Germán

    local and global termination of the specialization This work has been partially supported by the EUImproving Size-Change Analysis in Offline Partial Evaluation Michael Leuschel1 and Salvador Tamarit {stamarit,gvidal}@dsic.upv.es Abstract. Some recent approaches for scalable offline partial evalua- tion

  5. Performance Analysis of the SensorNet's Southeastern Transportation Corridor Pilot Viewer at the Dorchester West Bound Interstate Weigh Station

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Colon Mendoza, R.A.; Lagos, L.E. [Applied Research Center, Florida International Univ., Miami, FL (United States); Hill, D.E. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    2008-07-01

    Since the 9-11 attacks, the United States has increased its focus on developing technologies designed to warn us in the event of another attack and to prevent these attacks from happening in the first place. The SensorNet research group at Oak Ridge National Laboratory's (ORNL) Computer Science and Engineering Division is participating in this effort by developing systems to give critical real-time information to federal, state, and local emergency response decision makers. SensorNet has approached this goal by putting together a system with several sensors and programs called the Southeastern Transportation Corridor Pilot project (SETCP). The SETCP utilizes interstate weigh stations not only to weigh the passing trucks but also to check for gamma and neutron radiation inside the truck without the aid of a human in close proximity. The system also collects additional data that help identify the truck (the truck's length, weight, license plate number, and photographs of the truck). The objective of this research work was to characterize and analyze the data collected from the South Carolina weigh station on I-26W and compare it with previous data analysis on the performance of the Tennessee weigh station on I-40E. The purpose was to find patterns in the trucks with radioactive alarms and, regional truck traffic, as well as to find patterns of inconsistency in the system (illogical length measurements of the truck, inaccurate readings and character recognition of the license plate). During a three-month period, radioactive alarms and traffic patterns were identified and characterized by grouping all of the data and making graphs and charts in Microsoft Excel to show the flow of traffic, the type of truck traffic, the number of alarms and other information. Inconsistence patterns were found by analyzing the data, looking for missing or illogical information, and determining how often it happens. The improvements of these inconsistencies were also analyzed after repairs were made to the system. Given the small number of radiation alarms detected, there were no clear patterns found. Further research has to be done in this area; also, the analysis period needs to be extended from three months to a year. For traffic flow patterns, it was found that the truck traffic was heaviest on Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday. The inconsistencies found and fixed in the system were the illogical length measurements and the inaccurate reading and character recognition of the license plate. During the summer of 2007, a Florida International University (FIU) student supported this research work under the direct supervision of Mr. David Hill at ORNL's Computer Science and Engineering Division. The 10-week student internship was supported by the DOE/FIU Science and Technology Workforce Initiative, an innovative program developed by the US Department of Energy's Environmental Management (DOE-EM) and FIU's Applied Research Center (FIU-ARC) (authors)

  6. Climate change and energy security: an analysis of policy research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    King, Marcus Dubois; Gulledge, Jay

    2013-01-01

    The literature on climate change's impacts on energy security is scattered across disparate fields of research and schools of thought. Much of this literature has been produced outside of the academy by scholars and practitioners working in "think tanks," government agencies, and international/multilateral institutions. Here we reviewed a selected set of 58 articles and reports primarily from such sources and performed textual analysis of the arguments. Our review of this literature identifies three potential mechanisms for linking climate change and energy security: Climate change may 1) create second-order effects that may exacerbate social instability and disrupt energy systems; 2) directly impact energy supply and/or systems or 3) influence energy security through the effects of climate-related policies. We identify emerging risks to energy security driven by climate mitigation tech-nology choices but find less evidence of climate change's direct physical impacts. We used both empirical and qualitative selection factors for choosing the grey literature sample. The sources we selected were published in the last 5 years, available through electronic media and were written in language accessible to general policy or academic readers. The organi-zations that published the literature had performed previous research in the general fields of energy and/or climate change with some analytical content and identified themselves as non-partisan. This literature is particularly valuable to scholars because identifies understudied relationships that can be rigorously assessed through academic tools and methodologies and informs a translational research agenda that will allow scholars to engage with practitioners to address challenges that lie at the nexus of climate change and energy security.

  7. Risk Analysis for Water Resources Under Climate Change, Population Growth, and Land Use Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kiparsky, Michael

    2010-01-01

    Vulnerability from climate change acid population growth."2004). "Emissions pathways, climate change, and impacts onthe Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). J. J.

  8. Risk Dynamics?An Analysis for the Risk of Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Tailin

    2010-01-01

    Risk Assessment?" Risk Analysis, Aubrey, A. (2010). "T. (2003). Foundations of Risk Analysis : A Knowledge andNJ. Ayyub, B. M. (2003). Risk Analysis in Engineering and

  9. Risk Analysis for Water Resources Under Climate Change, Population Growth, and Land Use Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kiparsky, Michael

    2010-01-01

    for California." Climatic Change 76(3-4): 361-387. Thompsonrisk assessments." Climatic Change 89(3): 371-394. Brekke,small forecast ensembles." Climatic Change 76(1-2): 149-168.

  10. Fast Change Point Detection for Electricity Market Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gu, William

    2014-01-01

    The trouble with electricity markets: understandingPoint Detection for Electricity Market Analysis William Gu ?Point Detection for Electricity Market Analysis William Gu,

  11. Risk Analysis for Water Resources Under Climate Change, Population Growth, and Land Use Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kiparsky, Michael

    2010-01-01

    to use forecasts." Risk Analysis 25(5): 1265- Oreskes, N. (P. C. (1977). "Mean-Risk Analysis with Risk Associated withChavas, J. -P. (2004). Risk Analysis in Theory and Practice.

  12. Quantitative Analysis of Biofuel Sustainability, Including Land Use Change GHG Emissions

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Plenary V: Biofuels and Sustainability: Acknowledging Challenges and Confronting MisconceptionsQuantitative Analysis of Biofuel Sustainability, Including Land Use Change GHG EmissionsJennifer B....

  13. A Meta-Analysis of Motivational Interviewing Interventions for Pediatric Health Behavior Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gayes, Laurie

    2013-08-31

    concerns with a range of clients age groups. The following meta-analysis analyzed MI's effectiveness in eliciting behavior change in pediatric health domains. Thirty-seven empirical studies were included in this meta-analysis, encompassing eight health...

  14. Supporting Change Impact Analysis for Service Oriented Business Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zou, Ying

    and Ying Zou2 School of Computing1 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering2 Queen's University Kingston, Ontario, Canada Queen's University Kingston, Ontario, Canada {huaxiao,guojin}@cs.queensu.ca ying is not trivial since the changes to the business process have to account for source code changes in various

  15. WHY CONVENTIONAL TOOLS FOR POLICY ANALYSIS ARE OFTEN INADEQUATE FOR PROBLEMS OF GLOBAL CHANGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Risbey, James S.

    WHY CONVENTIONAL TOOLS FOR POLICY ANALYSIS ARE OFTEN INADEQUATE FOR PROBLEMS OF GLOBAL CHANGE of tools for quantitative policy analysis. As policy analysts have turned to the consideration of climate and other problems of global change, they have found it natural to employ such now standard tools as utility

  16. Regional analysis of the impacts of climate change on cheatgrass invasion shows potential risk and opportunity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bradley, Bethany

    Regional analysis of the impacts of climate change on cheatgrass invasion shows potential risk to increase invasion risk to native ecosystems. Changing climate creates risk as new terrain becomes, followed by winter temperature. I perform a sensitivity analysis on potential cheatgrass distributions

  17. Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation Analysis How to Link Physical Climate Data and Economic Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation Analysis ­ How to Link Physical Climate Data and Economic There are a number of structural and conceptual differences between the information provided by climate change models and the inputs that are needed in economic policy analysis, and this implies that physical climate modelling

  18. Fast Change Point Detection for Electricity Market Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    UC Berkeley; Gu, William; Choi, Jaesik; Gu, Ming; Simon, Horst; Wu, Kesheng

    2013-08-25

    Electricity is a vital part of our daily life; therefore it is important to avoid irregularities such as the California Electricity Crisis of 2000 and 2001. In this work, we seek to predict anomalies using advanced machine learning algorithms. These algorithms are effective, but computationally expensive, especially if we plan to apply them on hourly electricity market data covering a number of years. To address this challenge, we significantly accelerate the computation of the Gaussian Process (GP) for time series data. In the context of a Change Point Detection (CPD) algorithm, we reduce its computational complexity from O($n^{5}$) to O($n^{2}$). Our efficient algorithm makes it possible to compute the Change Points using the hourly price data from the California Electricity Crisis. By comparing the detected Change Points with known events, we show that the Change Point Detection algorithm is indeed effective in detecting signals preceding major events.

  19. Analysis of Mandatory and Discretionary Lane Change Behaviors for Heavy Trucks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peng, Huei

    AVEC '14 Analysis of Mandatory and Discretionary Lane Change Behaviors for Heavy Trucks Ding Zhao1 about lane change for light vehicles, limited attention was paid to lane change behaviors for heavy-related deaths[9], [10]. Truck drivers are five times more likely to die than the average worker on their duty [9

  20. Mining Change and Version Management Histories to Evaluate an Analysis Tool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perry, Dewayne E.

    Mining Change and Version Management Histories to Evaluate an Analysis Tool ­ Extended Abstract management repositories to find sample versions sets of different degree of parallel changes. On the basis. To quantify the evaluation, we use the change and version management histories of the 5ESS subsystem. We also

  1. Climate change and the socioeconomics of global food production: A quantitative analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    1 Climate change and the socioeconomics of global food production: A quantitative analysis of how, Andrew J. Dougill and Piers M. Forster August 2010 Centre for Climate Change Economics and Policy Working Paper No. 29 #12;2 The Centre for Climate Change Economics and Policy (CCCEP) was established

  2. Hardware engineering change management : an enterprise analysis of factors contributing to technical change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knight, Matthew T. (Matthew Trevor)

    2013-01-01

    Engineering change management (ECM) is an essential but challenging cross-functional discipline within modern product development firms. ECM is best explained as a discipline because no single process can characterize the ...

  3. Integrated Impact Analysis for Managing Software Changes Malcom Gethers1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poshyvanyk, Denys

    accuracy. The tandem operation of the three techniques sets it apart from other related solutions of maintenance issues, such as feature requests and bug fixes, and their associated source code changes that there are combinations formed from the augmented developer contextual information that show statistically significant

  4. Risk Analysis for Water Resources Under Climate Change, Population Growth, and Land Use Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kiparsky, Michael

    2010-01-01

    scale. Thus, analysis of flood risk, sub-monthly instream-on water supply risk, and does not address flood risk.water resources modeling, flood risk and water supply risk

  5. Analysis of U.S. Water Resources under Climate Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    sectors, with detailed sub-models employed for analysis of irrigation and electric power. The water system*§ , and John Reilly* Abstract The MIT Integrated Global System Model (IGSM) framework, extended to include a Water Resource System (WRS) component, is applied to an integrated assessment of effects of alternative

  6. Relative role of changes in CO? and climate to equilibrium responses of net primary production and carbon storage of the terrestrial biosphere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiao, Xiangming.; Melillo, Jerry M.; Kicklighter, David W.; McGuire, A. David.; Stone, Peter H.; Sokolov, Andrei P.

    In a partial factorial model experiment, we used the Terrestrial Ecosystem Model (TEM, version 4.0) to assess the relative roles of changes in CO2, temperature, precipitation and cloudiness in equilibrium responses of ...

  7. An objective change point analysis of landfalling historical Atlantic hurricane numbers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jewson, S; Jewson, Stephen; Penzer, Jeremy

    2006-01-01

    In previous work we have analysed the Atlantic basin hurricane number time-series to identify decadal time-scale change points. We now repeat the analysis but for US landfalling hurricanes. The results are very different.

  8. Satellite image analysis for surveillance, vegetation and climate change

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cai, D Michael

    2011-01-18

    Recently, many studies have provided abundant evidence to show the trend of tree mortality is increasing in many regions, and the cause of tree mortality is associated with drought, insect outbreak, or fire. Unfortunately, there is no current capability available to monitor vegetation changes, and correlate and predict tree mortality with CO{sub 2} change, and climate change on the global scale. Different survey platforms (methods) have been used for forest management. Typical ground-based forest surveys measure tree stem diameter, species, and alive or dead. The measurements are low-tech and time consuming, but the sample sizes are large, running into millions of trees, covering large areas, and spanning many years. These field surveys provide powerful ground validation for other survey methods such as photo survey, helicopter GPS survey, and aerial overview survey. The satellite imagery has much larger coverage. It is easier to tile the different images together, and more important, the spatial resolution has been improved such that close to or even higher than aerial survey platforms. Today, the remote sensing satellite data have reached sub-meter spatial resolution for panchromatic channels (IKONOS 2: 1 m; Quickbird-2: 0.61 m; Worldview-2: 0.5 m) and meter spatial resolution for multi-spectral channels (IKONOS 2: 4 meter; Quickbird-2: 2.44 m; Worldview-2: 2 m). Therefore, high resolution satellite imagery can allow foresters to discern individual trees. This vital information should allow us to quantify physiological states of trees, e.g. healthy or dead, shape and size of tree crowns, as well as species and functional compositions of trees. This is a powerful data resource, however, due to the vast amount of the data collected daily, it is impossible for human analysts to review the imagery in detail to identify the vital biodiversity information. Thus, in this talk, we will discuss the opportunities and challenges to use high resolution satellite imagery and machine learning theory to monitor tree mortality at the level of individual trees.

  9. NetSeed User Manual NetSeed is a toolkit for identifying the seed set of networks, available as an online tool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borenstein, Elhanan

    of Washington and is available online at http://elbo.gs.washington.edu/tools/NetSeed/. NetSeed>Web NetSeed>Web allows researchers to calculate the seed set of a network online and requires only a web browser. The NetSeed>Web and functional analysis options. Overview of use To determine the seed set of a network using NetSeed>Web

  10. NUMERICAL ANALYSIS OF VENTILATION TEMPERATURES REGULATION BY ENERGY STORAGE IN PHASE CHANGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    NUMERICAL ANALYSIS OF VENTILATION TEMPERATURES REGULATION BY ENERGY STORAGE IN PHASE CHANGE, the use of thermal energy storage (TES) systems receives increasing interest. To allow high or low system using thermal energy storage with granules containing phase change material which leads to cooling

  11. Product flexibility measurement with enhanced change modes and effects analysis (CMEA)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seepersad, Carolyn Conner

    Product flexibility measurement with enhanced change modes and effects analysis (CMEA) Darren A@mail.utexas.edu. Phone: 512-471-1985. Fax: 512-471-7682. #12;1 Product flexibility measurement with enhanced change modes of Texas, Austin, TX 78712, USA Product designers seek to create products that are not only robust

  12. An objective change-point analysis of historical Atlantic hurricane numbers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jewson, S; Jewson, Stephen; Penzer, Jeremy

    2006-01-01

    We perform an objective change-point analysis on 106 years of historical hurricane number data. The algorithm we use looks at all possible combinations of change-points and compares them in terms of the variances of the differences between real and modelled numbers. Overfitting is avoided by using cross-validation. We identify four change-points, and show that the presence of temporal structure in the hurricane number time series is highly statistically significant.

  13. Guam- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Eligibility and Availability In 2004, Guam enacted legislation requiring the Guam Power Authority (GPA) to allow net metering for customers with fuel cells, microturbines, wind energy, biomass, ...

  14. Short communication Nonlinear analysis of gait kinematics to track changes in oxygen consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chelidze, David

    Short communication Nonlinear analysis of gait kinematics to track changes in oxygen consumption systems analysis, kinematic angle time series were used to estimate phase space warping based features Center, Kansas St, Natick, MA 01760, USA b Mechanical Engineering & Applied Mechanics, University

  15. PSEG Long Island- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Although PSEG Long Island’s net metering policy is not governed by the State’s net metering law, the provisions are similar to the State law. Net metering is available for residential, non-reside...

  16. MathNet MathNet Mathematical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Figueiredo, Luiz Henrique

    Net Types of Data Types of Data . . File formats File formats . . for papers for papers . . html html Distiller) PDF generator (Acrobat Distiller) . . Html (Latex2html) Html (Latex2html) . . Cataloging­Server paradigm Client­Server paradigm . . Distributed Web Servers Distributed Web Servers . . Client:WWW Browser

  17. Washington City Power- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Washington City adopted a net-metering program, including interconnection procedures, in January 2008.* Net metering is available to residential and commercial customers that generate electricity...

  18. Avista Utilities- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    For Avista Utilities customers, any net excess generation (NEG) during a monthly billing period is credited to the customer's next bill at the utility's retail rate. At the beginning of each ca...

  19. LADWP- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    LADWP allows its customers to net meter their photovoltaic (PV), wind, and hybrid systems with a capacity of not more than one megawatt. LADWP will provide the necessary metering equipment unless...

  20. Terrestrial Subsidies of Organic Carbon Support Net Ecosystem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    filled, we monitored net ecosystem production (NEP) on a biweekly basis from 9 April to 27 May 2002. All ponds were consistently net heterotrophic; how- ever, NEP was significantly less negative in re- moval that the difference in NEP between treatments was driven by the change in R. Therefore, it appears that terrestrial

  1. Performance Modelling of Database Contention using Queueing Petri Nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knottenbelt, William J.

    Performance Modelling of Database Contention using Queueing Petri Nets David Coulden Rasha Osman Petri Net model of table-level database locking. We show that this model predicts mean response times modelling, database locking. 1. INTRODUCTION The data landscape has changed dramatically in size

  2. NET ECONOMIC VALUES OF RECREATIONISTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;NET ECONOMIC VALUES OF RECREATIONISTS FOR OUTDOOR EXPERIENCES IN THE FRASER RIVER BASIN Crane of Economic Values 2.1 Water Resource Economic Values 2.2 Net Economic Values of Recreationists 2.3 Estimating Net Economic Value 2.4 Estimation Problems Review of Net Economic Value Estimates 3.1 Summary

  3. Gradient texture unit coding for texture analysis Chein-I Chang, FELLOW SPIE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Chein-I

    Gradient texture unit coding for texture analysis Chein-I Chang, FELLOW SPIE Yuan Chen University features to capture in image characteristics. A recent texture unit-based texture spectrum approach, referred to as texture unit coding (TUC) developed by Wang and He has shown promise in texture

  4. Transient luminous events above two mesoscale convective systems: Charge moment change analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummer, Steven A.

    Transient luminous events above two mesoscale convective systems: Charge moment change analysis. A. Rutledge, and D. R. MacGorman (2011), Transient luminous events above two mesoscale convective in the stratiform region of a mesoscale convective system (MCS) [Houze et al., 1990] by energetic positive CG (+CG

  5. DIGITAL PHOTOGRAMMETRIC CHANGE ANALYSIS AS APPLIED TO ACTIVE COASTAL DUNES IN MICHIGAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Daniel G.

    DIGITAL PHOTOGRAMMETRIC CHANGE ANALYSIS AS APPLIED TO ACTIVE COASTAL DUNES IN MICHIGAN Daniel G COASTAL DUNES IN MICHIGAN Abstract A pilot study was conducted to investigate the applicability of digital sand (i.e., dune fields and sand sheets) easily mobilize when stabilizing vegetation is somehow reduced

  6. Multi-factor impact analysis of agricultural production in Bangladesh with climate change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Multi-factor impact analysis of agricultural production in Bangladesh with climate change Alex C, Washington, DC, United States d Bangladesh Centre for Advanced Studies (BCAS), Dhaka, Bangladesh e Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council (BARC), Dhaka, Bangladesh f Institute of Water Modelling (IWM), Dhaka, Bangladesh

  7. From Petri Nets to Differential Equations -an Integrative Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbert, David

    From Petri Nets to Differential Equations - an Integrative Approach for Biochemical Network report on the results of an investigation into the inte- gration of Petri nets and ordinary differential equations (ODEs) for the modelling and analysis of biochemical networks, and the application of our approach

  8. Decision Support for Water Planning: the ZeroNet Water-Energy Initiative.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rich, P. M. (Paul M.); Weintraub, Laura H. Z.; Ewers, Mary E.; Riggs, T. L. (Thomas L.); Wilson, C. J. (Cathy J.)

    2005-01-01

    Rapid population growth and severe drought are impacting water availability for all sectors (agriculture, energy, municipal, industry...), particularly in arid regions. New generation decision support tools, incorporating recent advances in informatics and geographic information systems (GIS), are essential for responsible water planning at the basin scale. The ZeroNet water-energy initiative is developing a decision support system (DSS) for the San Juan River Basin, with a focus on drought planning and economic analysis. The ZeroNet DSS provides a computing environment (cyberinfrastructure) with three major components: Watershed Tools, a Quick Scenario Tool, and a Knowledge Base. The Watershed Tools, based in the Watershed Analysis Risk Management Framework (WARMF), provides capabilities (1) to model surface flows, both the natural and controlled, as well as water withdrawals, via an engineering module, and (2) to analyze and visualize results via a stakeholder module. A new ZeroNet module for WARMF enables iterative modeling and production of 'what if' scenario libraries to examine consequences of changes in climate, landuse, and water allocation. The Quick Scenario Tool uses system dynamics modeling for rapid analysis and visualization for a variety of uses, including drought planning, economic analysis, evaluation of management alternatives, and risk assessment. The Knowledge Base serves simultaneously as the 'faithful scribe' to organize and archive data in easily accessible digital libraries, and as the 'universal translator' to share data from diverse sources and for diverse uses. All of the decision tools depend upon GIS capabilities for data/model integration, map-based analysis, and advanced visualization. The ZeroNet DSS offers stakeholders an effective means to address complex water problems.

  9. Status of Net Metering: Assessing the Potential to Reach Program Caps (Poster)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heeter, J.; Bird, L.; Gelman, R.

    2014-10-01

    Several states are addressing the issue of net metering program caps, which limit the total amount of net metered generating capacity that can be installed in a state or utility service territory. In this analysis, we examine net metering caps to gain perspective on how long net metering will be available in various jurisdictions under current policies. We also surveyed state practices and experience to understand important policy design considerations.

  10. Status of Net Metering: Assessing the Potential to Reach Program Caps

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heeter, J.; Gelman, R.; Bird, L.

    2014-09-01

    Several states are addressing the issue of net metering program caps, which limit the total amount of net metered generating capacity that can be installed in a state or utility service territory. In this analysis, we examine net metering caps to gain perspective on how long net metering will be available in various jurisdictions under current policies. We also surveyed state practices and experience to understand important policy design considerations.

  11. Life cycle inventory analysis of regenerative thermal oxidation of air emissions from oriented strand board facilities in Minnesota - a perspective of global climate change

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nicholson, W.J.

    1997-12-31

    Life cycle inventory analysis has been applied to the prospective operation of regenerative thermal oxidation (RTO) technology at oriented strand board plants at Bemidji (Line 1) and Cook, Minnesota. The net system destruction of VOC`s and carbon monoxide, and at Cook a small quantity of particulate, has a very high environmental price in terms of energy and water use, global warming potential, sulfur and nitrogen oxide emissions, solids discharged to water, and solid waste deposited in landfills. The benefit of VOC destruction is identified as minor in terms of ground level ozone at best and possibly slightly detrimental. Recognition of environmental tradeoffs associated with proposed system changes is critical to sound decision-making. There are more conventional ways to address carbon monoxide emissions than combustion in RTO`s. In an environment in which global warming is a concern, fuel supplemental combustion for environmental control does not appear warranted. Consideration of non-combustion approaches to address air emission issues at the two operations is recommended. 1 ref., 5 tabs.

  12. Feasibility of Achieving a Zero-Net-Energy, Zero-Net-Cost Homes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Beaini, S.

    2010-01-01

    7  Defining a Net?Zero Energy Net Zero Energy .A.     Defining a Net­Zero Energy Building  Due to the 

  13. NetCDF

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJessework usesofPublications TheScience4.21 4.43EnergyAuthor: MonthlyNetCDF

  14. Weekly Refiner Net Production

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry NaturalPrices Globaldieselgasolinemonthlysummer1Net Production

  15. Road to Net Zero (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glover, B.

    2011-05-01

    A PowerPoint presentation on NREL's Research Support Facility (RSF) and the road to achieving net zero energy for new construction.

  16. Student Administration System Q&A: Logging into the SA System with NetID Updated 08/15/2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Student Administration System Q&A: Logging into the SA System with NetID Updated 08/15/2013 Q&A: Logging into the Student Administration (SA) System with Your NetID (Effective 08/09/2013) Q: What-numeric NetID and NetID password. Q: Who is not affected by this change? A: Administrative users who currently

  17. Coupled Analysis of Change in Fracture Permeability during the Cooling Phase of the Yucca Mountain Drift Scale Test

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rutqvist, Jonny; Rutqvist, J.; Freifeld, B.; Tsang, Y.W.; Min, K.B.; Elsworth, D.

    2008-06-01

    This paper presents results from a coupled thermal, hydrological and mechanical analysis of thermally-induced permeability changes during heating and cooling of fractured volcanic rock at the Drift Scale Test at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. The analysis extends the previous analysis of the four-year heating phase to include newly available data from the subsequent four year cooling phase. The new analysis of the cooling phase shows that the measured changes in fracture permeability follows that of a thermo-hydro-elastic model on average, but at several locations the measured permeability indicates (inelastic) irreversible behavior. At the end of the cooling phase, the air-permeability had decreased at some locations (to as low as 0.2 of initial), whereas it had increased at other locations (to as high as 1.8 of initial). Our analysis shows that such irreversible changes in fracture permeability are consistent with either inelastic fracture shear dilation (where permeability increased) or inelastic fracture surface asperity shortening (where permeability decreased). These data are important for bounding model predictions of potential thermally-induced changes in rock-mass permeability at a future repository at Yucca Mountain.

  18. Analysis of the sensitivity of calculated k{sub eff} to changes in NCS parameters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Winiarski, R. Jr. [Parallax, Inc., Paducah, KY (United States); Risner, V. [Lockheed Martin Utility Services, Inc., Paducah, KY (United States)

    1996-12-31

    The Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PGDP), under the management of the United States Enrichment Corporation is undergoing transition in regulatory authority from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). One aspect of this transfer is a request by the NRC for justification of the continued use of a 0.02 margin of subcriticality (defined in terms of k{sub eff}) in calculating k{sub eff} when the criticality safety of a system is based on k{sub eff} calculations. This explanation is requested because of the NRC desired margin of subcriticality of 0.05, which is documented in several ANS/ANSI standards for other types of facilities, namely, light water reactor fuel storage facilities. Currently, there is no official documentation that specifies the magnitude of the margin of subcriticality at current or former DOE facilities, other than that stating that one should exist. However, the DOE has accepted a maximum subcritical value of 0.95 for storage of fissile material. The PGDP currently uses an upper safety limit of 0.9596, which results in a margin of subcriticality of {approximately}0.02, based on the current validation report. This analysis documents the change in various criticality safety parameters (e.g., maximum mass of uranium, maximum allowable slab height, etc.) for the critical value (as determined by the validation) and for both a 0.02 and 0.05 margin of subcriticality.

  19. Net Zero Energy Installations (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Booth, S.

    2012-05-01

    A net zero energy installation (NZEI) is one that produces as much energy from on-site renewable sources as it consumes. NZEI assessment provides a systematic approach to energy projects.

  20. Net Carbon Flux from US Croplands at 1km2 Resolution.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Net Carbon Flux from US Croplands at 1km2 Resolution. This estimate includes all on-site sources and sinks of carbon Agronomic Feedstock Production and Environmental Impact Analyses ORNL uses high-resolution projections of feedstock production in analyses of soil carbon change, soil erosion, energy use, net

  1. An historical analysis of landscape structure change at Birch Creek State Park, Lake Somerville, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia, Leigh Ann

    1998-01-01

    Changes in land-use subsequently affect the landscape's spatial patterning and ecological processes. This thesis applies concepts of landscape ecology in order to assess the degree of landscape structural change which has taken place due...

  2. Friends or Foes? A Conceptual Analysis of Self-Adaptation and IT Change Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newcastle upon Tyne, University of

    -Adaptation and IT Change Management Cristina Gacek, Holger Giese and Ethan Hadar Abstract Self-Adaptation as a vision the current practice in ITIL Change Management as initial reference point. We define the required responsibilities and a generic conceptual object model and map them to the ITIL Change Management roles to evaluate

  3. The Impact of Climate Change on Air QualityRelated Meteorological Conditions in California. Part I: Present Time Simulation Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Shu-Hua

    The Impact of Climate Change on Air Quality­Related Meteorological Conditions in California. Part I on meteorology and air quality conditions in Cal- ifornia by dynamically downscaling Parallel Climate Model (PCM: Present Time Simulation Analysis ZHAN ZHAO Department of Land, Air, and Water Resources, University

  4. Linking Humour to Blogs Analysis: Affective Traits in Posts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosso, Paolo

    changing our inter- communication habits. Means such as forums, blogs, wikis, social net- works, etc a sample about the impact of this interest on NLP tasks. The Web 2.0 technologies have con- tributed or social networks, represent. In this framework, this paper is focused on blogs analysis in terms

  5. Human choice and climate change. Volume 3: The tools for policy analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rayner, S.; Malone, E.L.

    1997-12-31

    Foreward: Preface; Introduction; Economic activity and analysis; Games and simulations; Decision analysis and rational action; Reasoning by analogy; Integrated assessment modeling; and Sponsoring organizations, International Advisory Board, and project participants.

  6. Projecting net incomes for Texas crop producers: an application of probabilistic forecasting 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eggerman, Christopher Ryan

    2006-10-30

    Agricultural policy changes directly affect the economic viability of Texas crop producers because government payments make up a significant portion of their net farm income (NFI). NFI projections benefit producers, ...

  7. Fabrication of functionally graded TiC/Ti composites by Laser Engineered Net Shaping

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DuPont, John N.

    engineered net shaping (LENS), with compositions changing from pure Ti to approximately 95 vol% TiC; Microstructure; TiC carbide 1. Introduction Functionally graded materials (FGMs) are a class of advanced

  8. University of Illinois at Chicago Homepage: http://imyy.net

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hurder, Steven

    Yu, Yue University of Illinois at Chicago Homepage: http://imyy.net b Office 719 SEO 851 S. Morgan Design, Parallel Computing, Data Mining and Prediction, Scientific Software, Numerical Analysis Enterprise Guide, Minitab typography LATEX, Microsoft Office scientific Matlab, Maple, R, Lingo

  9. An analysis of a wilderness program and the effects a wilderness experience has on attitudinal change 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koesler, Rena A.

    1985-01-01

    be identified by asking people to list gualities and attributes about the object. It is also suggested that attitudes can. be changed by changing attribute evaluations (Iso-Ahola, 1980). In this study, if an individual believes that rockclimbing is too... to information (Iso-Ahola, 1980). For years educators have argued over the question whether or not attitudes change as a result of a particular course or a general structured educational experience. Much of the controversy may be due to the fact that many...

  10. AN ECONOMETRIC ANALYSIS OF NET INVESTMENT IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the cost of capital has been ignored in past research efforts. Yet. the cost of capital is likely a major and fluctuations in the cost of debt and equity capital. Futhermore, this deter- minent of aggregate investment in the indus- try to fluctuations in the cost of equity and debt capital. This study begins by examining

  11. Probabilistic analysis of the effects of climate change on groundwater recharge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ng, Gene-Hua Crystal

    [1] Groundwater recharge is likely to be affected by climate change. In semiarid regions where groundwater resources are often critical, annual recharge rates are typically small and most recharge occurs episodically. Such ...

  12. Analysis of Upwelling Changes in the Eastern Equatorial Pacific during El Niño Southern Oscillation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perugachi Salamea, Carlos

    2012-02-14

    The ocean reanalysis Simple Ocean Data Assimilation (SODA) 2.2.4 is used to explore the changes in upwelling from normal conditions to either El Nino or La Nina conditions. Physical and thermodynamic variables from the reanalysis are used...

  13. Climatic Forecasting of Net Infiltration at Yucca Montain Using Analogue Meteororological Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    B. Faybishenko

    2006-09-11

    At Yucca Mountain, Nevada, future changes in climatic conditions will most likely alter net infiltration, or the drainage below the bottom of the evapotranspiration zone within the soil profile or flow across the interface between soil and the densely welded part of the Tiva Canyon Tuff. The objectives of this paper are to: (a) develop a semi-empirical model and forecast average net infiltration rates, using the limited meteorological data from analogue meteorological stations, for interglacial (present day), and future monsoon, glacial transition, and glacial climates over the Yucca Mountain region, and (b) corroborate the computed net-infiltration rates by comparing them with the empirically and numerically determined groundwater recharge and percolation rates through the unsaturated zone from published data. In this paper, the author presents an approach for calculations of net infiltration, aridity, and precipitation-effectiveness indices, using a modified Budyko's water-balance model, with reference-surface potential evapotranspiration determined from the radiation-based Penman (1948) formula. Results of calculations show that net infiltration rates are expected to generally increase from the present-day climate to monsoon climate, to glacial transition climate, and then to the glacial climate. The forecasting results indicate the overlap between the ranges of net infiltration for different climates. For example, the mean glacial net-infiltration rate corresponds to the upper-bound glacial transition net infiltration, and the lower-bound glacial net infiltration corresponds to the glacial transition mean net infiltration. Forecasting of net infiltration for different climate states is subject to numerous uncertainties-associated with selecting climate analogue sites, using relatively short analogue meteorological records, neglecting the effects of vegetation and surface runoff and runon on a local scale, as well as possible anthropogenic climate changes.

  14. Proof Nets and Boolean Circuits Kazushige Terui

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Terui, Kazushige

    -depth family of proof nets. We then have APNi = ACi(stCONN2). 1. Introduction Proof nets [4, 2, 6 [5, 7, 11]. Boolean circuits (see [17, 1, 16] for instance) are one of the standard models

  15. Please cite this article in press as: Baumbach, J. et al., CoryneRegNet 3.0--An interactive systems biology plat-form for the analysis of gene regulatory networks in corynebacteria and Escherichia coli, J. Biotechnol. (2007),

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Babu, M. Madan

    2007-01-01

    Please cite this article in press as: Baumbach, J. et al., CoryneRegNet 3.0--An interactive systems reserved. doi:10.1016/j.jbiotec.2006.12.012 #12;Please cite this article in press as: Baumbach, J. et al

  16. The CloudNets Network Virtualization Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmid, Stefan

    Nets Network Virtualization Architecture Johannes Grassler jgrassler@inet.tu-berlin.de 05. Februar, 2014 Johannes Grassler jgrassler@inet.tu-berlin.de The CloudNets Network Virtualization Architecture #12;..... . .... . .... . ..... . .... . .... . .... . ..... . .... . .... . .... . ..... . .... . .... . .... . ..... . .... . ..... . .... . .... . Johannes Grassler jgrassler@inet.tu-berlin.de The CloudNets Network Virtualization Architecture #12

  17. Petri net modelling of biological Claudine Chaouiya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Breitling, Rainer

    Petri net modelling of biological networks Claudine Chaouiya Submitted: 31st March 2007; Received into the functioning of complex biological networks. In this context, Petri nets (PNs) have recently emerged of the computational systems biology. Keywords: dynamical modelling; Petri nets; biological networks INTRODUCTION

  18. 2002CALIFORNIAPOWERMIX 2002 NET SYSTEM POWER CALCULATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the generation back to specific generators, and thereby claim that the electricity offered for sale to retail of their power as net system power. What is Net System Power? Net system power is "the mix of electricity fuel the previous calendar year in each of the statute's fuel type categories. Imports of out-of-state generation

  19. Constrained CP-nets Steve Prestwich

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walsh, Toby

    Constrained CP-nets Steve Prestwich , Francesca Rossi ¡ , Kristen Brent Venable ¡, Toby Walsh 1, soft constraints, and CP-nets. We construct a set of hard constraints whose solutions are the optimal to represent preferences, we will consider CP-nets [6, 3], which is a quali- tative approach where preferences

  20. Constrained CP-nets Steve Prestwich1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rossi, Francesca

    Constrained CP-nets Steve Prestwich1 , Francesca Rossi2 , Kristen Brent Venable2 , Toby Walsh1 1, soft constraints, and CP nets. We construct a set of hard constraints whose solutions are the optimal. Among the many existing approaches to represent preferencess, we will consider CP nets [5,3], which

  1. Feasibility of Achieving Net-Zero-Energy Net-Zero-Cost

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Feasibility of Achieving Net- Zero-Energy Net-Zero-Cost Homes I.S. Walker, Al-Beaini, SSimjanovic,JohnStanley,BretStrogen,IainWalker FeasibilityofAchieving ZeroNetEnergy,Zero NetCostHomes #12;4 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS. Environmental Energy Technologies Division September 2009 This work was supported by the Assistant Secretary

  2. NET-ZERO CARBON MANUFACTURING AT NET-ZERO COST Dustin Pohlman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kissock, Kelly

    energy in manufacturing plants that results in net-zero carbon emissions at net-zero costs. The paper begins by reviewing the economics of net- zero energy buildings and discussing why a different approach on the energy intensity of manufacturing and recognizes that on-site net-zero energy is not consistent

  3. Casting NETs provides bait for autoantibody-mediated arthritis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lew, Brian Raymond

    2011-01-01

    OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Casting NETs provides bait forvii ABSTRACT OF THE THESIS Casting NETs provides bait for

  4. Thermal analysis of an indirectly heat pulsed non-volatile phase change material microwave switch

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Young, Robert M., E-mail: rm.young@ngc.com; El-Hinnawy, Nabil; Borodulin, Pavel; Wagner, Brian P.; King, Matthew R.; Jones, Evan B.; Howell, Robert S.; Lee, Michael J. [Northrop Grumman Corp., Electronic Systems, P.O. Box 1521, Baltimore, Maryland 21203 (United States)

    2014-08-07

    We show the finite element simulation of the melt/quench process in a phase change material (GeTe, germanium telluride) used for a radio frequency switch. The device is thermally activated by an independent NiCrSi (nickel chrome silicon) thin film heating element beneath a dielectric separating it electrically from the phase change layer. A comparison is made between the predicted and experimental minimum power to amorphize (MPA) for various thermal pulse powers and pulse time lengths. By including both the specific heat and latent heat of fusion for GeTe, we find that the MPA and the minimum power to crystallize follow the form of a hyperbola on the power time effect plot. We also find that the simulated time at which the entire center GeTe layer achieves melting accurately matches the MPA curve for pulse durations ranging from 75–1500?ns and pulse powers from 1.6–4?W.

  5. Quasi-Termination Analysis of Logic Programs Using Size-Change Graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vidal, Germán

    is a relevant problem in several areas, like tabled evaluation or partial evaluation, where quasi-termination analysis Keywords Quasi-Termination, Partial Deduction 1. INTRODUCTION While the termination of logic notion in the context of of- fline partial evaluation of functional programs [25], where quasi-termination

  6. Microcomputer Analysis of Pumping System Performance 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bierschenk, J. L.; Schmidt, P. S.

    1986-01-01

    produced by the pump for a given series computers, has been developed to permit the capacity, as well as the brake horsepower, analysis of pump operation based on descriptions efficiency, and net positive suction head. Pump of the piping system... to impeller peripheral velocity and head is proportional to the square of the peripheral velocity. Therefore. flow (Q) will vary directly with the change in speed (n). head (H) will vary as the square of the speed, and brake horsepower (BHP) will vary...

  7. Analysis of The Anomalous Orbital-Energy Changes Observed in Spacecraft Flybys of Earth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roger Ellman

    2008-12-01

    In March 2008 anomalous behavior in spacecraft flybys of Earth was reported in Physical Review Letters, Volume 100, Issue 9, March 7, 2008, in an article entitled "Anomalous Orbital-Energy Changes Observed during Spacecraft Flybys of Earth". The data indicate unaccounted for changes in spacecraft speed, both increases and decreases, for six different spacecraft involved in Earth flybys from December 8, 1990 to August 2, 2005. The article states that, "All ... potential sources of systematic error .... [have been] modeled. None can account for the observed anomalies.... Like the Pioneer anomaly ... the Earth flybys anomaly is a real effect .... Its source is unknown." In the present article it is shown that the Earth flybys anomaly would be caused by a very small acceleration [in addition to that of natural gravitation], centrally directed and independent of distance, the same effect as that which the Pioneer anomaly exhibits. How that effect operates to produce the observed results is analyzed. A cause of the centrally directed accelerations is presented.

  8. Development of a Toolkit for Calculating Linear, Change-Point Linear and Multiple-Linear Inverse Building Energy Analysis Models, ASHRAE Research Project 1050-RP, Final Report 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kissock, J. K.; Haberl, J. S.; Claridge, D. E.

    2002-11-01

    This report summarizes the results of ASHRAE Research Project 1050: Development of a Toolkit for Calculating Linear, Change-Point Linear and Multiple Linear Inverse Building Energy Analysis Models. The Inverse Modeling ...

  9. Grid Net | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View New PagesInformation RegionalGreenvironmentNet Jump to:

  10. A Petri Net Based Software Architecture for UAV Simulation Dianxiang Xu, Priti Borse, Ken Grigsby, and Kendall E. Nygard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Petri Net Based Software Architecture for UAV Simulation Dianxiang Xu, Priti Borse, Ken Grigsby-based hierarchical architecture for multiple Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) simulations in order to facilitate rapid prototyping via visual modeling and analysis. Using high-level Colored Petri nets, we specify UAV control

  11. Pirates and Samaritans: A decade of measurements on peer production and their implications for net neutrality and copyright

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pirates and Samaritans: A decade of measurements on peer production and their implications for net the evolution of commons-based peer production by a measurement- based analysis of case studies and discusses the impact of peer production on net neutrality and copyright law. The measurements include websites

  12. NASA Net Zero Energy Buildings Roadmap

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pless, S.; Scheib, J.; Torcellini, P.; Hendron, B.; Slovensky, M.

    2014-10-01

    In preparation for the time-phased net zero energy requirement for new federal buildings starting in 2020, set forth in Executive Order 13514, NASA requested that the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to develop a roadmap for NASA's compliance. NASA detailed a Statement of Work that requested information on strategic, organizational, and tactical aspects of net zero energy buildings. In response, this document presents a high-level approach to net zero energy planning, design, construction, and operations, based on NREL's first-hand experience procuring net zero energy construction, and based on NREL and other industry research on net zero energy feasibility. The strategic approach to net zero energy starts with an interpretation of the executive order language relating to net zero energy. Specifically, this roadmap defines a net zero energy acquisition process as one that sets an aggressive energy use intensity goal for the building in project planning, meets the reduced demand goal through energy efficiency strategies and technologies, then adds renewable energy in a prioritized manner, using building-associated, emission- free sources first, to offset the annual energy use required at the building; the net zero energy process extends through the life of the building, requiring a balance of energy use and production in each calendar year.

  13. City of St. George- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The St. George City Council adopted a net-metering program for area utilities, including interconnection procedures, in October 2005.* The interconnection procedures include different requirements,...

  14. Feasibility of Achieving a Zero-Net-Energy, Zero-Net-Cost Homes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Beaini, S.

    2010-01-01

    for  any net energy consumption with solar panels, the cost solar orientation, the variability in  energy consumption 

  15. Energy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in China: Growth, Transition, and Institutional Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kahrl, Fredrich James

    2011-01-01

    Analysis for Electricity Consumption and Carbon IntensityAnalysis for Electricity Consumption and Carbon IntensityCO 2 intensity of net electricity consumption Total emission

  16. EHS-Net Cooling Study EHS-Net Cooling Study Protocol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EHS-Net Cooling Study 1 EHS-Net Cooling Study Protocol 1. Title EHS-Net Cooling Study 2. Research of foodborne illness in foodservice establishments. Improper cooling significantly contributes to the overall temperature abuse opportunities. The purpose of this study is to collect descriptive data on cooling policies

  17. Presented by SensorNet: The New Science of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .S. Department of Energy DeNap_SensorNet_SC10 SensorNet Collection Processing DisseminationSecurity Knowledge requirements Regulations Technology Intelligent Real world #12;3 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy DeNap_SensorNet_SC10 SensorNet SensorNet is ORNL's research in sensor network interoperability

  18. A multi-scale analysis of the impact of pressure on melting of crystalline phase change material germanium telluride

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Jie, E-mail: liujie@uw.edu [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Washington, 185 Stevens Way, Paul Allen Center, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)

    2014-10-27

    The impact of the moderate pressure (about 10{sup 0?}GPa) on the melting of crystalline (c-) phase change material (PCM) germanium telluride (GeTe) is analyzed, by combining the heat transfer equation in the PCM device scale (10{sup 1}–10{sup 2?}nm and beyond), and the ab initio molecular dynamics and the nudged elastic band simulations in the atomistic scale (10{sup ?1}–10{sup 0?}nm). The multi-scale analysis unravels that a pressure P?=?1.0?GPa can increase the melting temperature of c-GeTe and the PCM device “reset” operation energy consumption by 6%–7%. It is shown that the melting temperature increase originates from the pressure-induced raise of the energy barrier of the umbrella-flip transition of the Ge atom from the octahedral symmetry site to the tetrahedral symmetry site. It is revealed that when P?>?1.0?GPa, which is normal in PCM devices, the “reset” energy will be increased even by more. Based on the analysis, suggestions to alleviate pressure-induced raise of melting temperature and “reset” energy are provided.

  19. SIMULATION OF NET INFILTRATION FOR MODERN AND POTENTIAL FUTURE CLIMATES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J.A. Heveal

    2000-06-16

    This Analysis/Model Report (AMR) describes enhancements made to the infiltration model documented in Flint et al. (1996) and documents an analysis using the enhanced model to generate spatial and temporal distributions over a model domain encompassing the Yucca Mountain site, Nevada. Net infiltration is the component of infiltrated precipitation, snowmelt, or surface water run-on that has percolated below the zone of evapotranspiration as defined by the depth of the effective root zone, the average depth below the ground surface (at a given location) from which water is removed by evapotranspiration. The estimates of net infiltration are used for defining the upper boundary condition for the site-scale 3-dimensional Unsaturated-Zone Ground Water Flow and Transport (UZ flow and transport) Model (CRWMS M&O 2000a). The UZ flow and transport model is one of several process models abstracted by the Total System Performance Assessment model to evaluate expected performance of the potential repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, in terms of radionuclide transport (CRWMS M&O 1998). The net-infiltration model is important for assessing potential repository-system performance because output from this model provides the upper boundary condition for the UZ flow and transport model that is used to generate flow fields for evaluating potential radionuclide transport through the unsaturated zone. Estimates of net infiltration are provided as raster-based, 2-dimensional grids of spatially distributed, time-averaged rates for three different climate stages estimated as likely conditions for the next 10,000 years beyond the present. Each climate stage is represented using a lower bound, a mean, and an upper bound climate and corresponding net-infiltration scenario for representing uncertainty in the characterization of daily climate conditions for each climate stage, as well as potential climate variability within each climate stage. The set of nine raster grid maps provide spatially detailed representations of the magnitude and distribution of net-infiltration rates that are used to define specified flux upper boundary conditions for the UZ flow and transport model.

  20. Zero Net Energy Myths and Modes of Thought

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajkovich, Nicholas B.

    2010-01-01

    mypp.html. ———. (2009). "Net-Zero Energy CommercialZero Net Energy Myths and Modes of Thought  Nicholas B.  AC02? 05CH11231. Page | i Zero Net Energy Myths and Modes of

  1. The Carbon Footprint of Bioenergy Sorghum Production in Central Texas: Production Implications on Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Carbon Cycling, and Life Cycle Analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Storlien, Joseph Orgean

    2013-06-13

    the soil surface and at two depths below 30 cm. Analysis of change in SOC across time to estimate net CO_(2) emissions to the atmosphere revealed bioenergy sorghum production accrued high amounts of SOC annually. Most treatments accrued more than 4 Mg C ha...

  2. Net Zero Waste - Tools and Technical Support ...and other observations...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Net Zero Waste - Tools and Technical Support ...and other observations Net Zero Waste - Tools and Technical Support ...and other observations Presentation at Waste-to-Energy using...

  3. Lessons Learned from Net Zero Energy Assessments and Renewable...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Lessons Learned from Net Zero Energy Assessments and Renewable Energy Projects at Military Installations Lessons Learned from Net Zero Energy Assessments and Renewable Energy...

  4. Designing Hawaii's First LEED Platinum Net Zero Community: Kaupuni...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Designing Hawaii's First LEED Platinum Net Zero Community: Kaupuni Village Designing Hawaii's First LEED Platinum Net Zero Community: Kaupuni Village U.S. Department of Energy...

  5. Army Net Zero: Guide to Renewable Energy Conservation Investment...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Army Net Zero: Guide to Renewable Energy Conservation Investment Program (ECIP) Projects Army Net Zero: Guide to Renewable Energy Conservation Investment Program (ECIP) Projects...

  6. Best Practices for Controlling Capital Costs in Net Zero Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Best Practices for Controlling Capital Costs in Net Zero Energy Design and Construction - 2014 BTO Peer Review Best Practices for Controlling Capital Costs in Net Zero Energy...

  7. Deficiency Zero Petri Nets and Product Form

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mairesse, Jean

    2009-01-01

    Consider a Markovian Petri net with race policy. The marking process has a "product form" stationary distribution if the probability of viewing a given marking can be decomposed as the product over places of terms depending only on the local marking. First we observe that the Deficiency Zero Theorem of Feinberg, developped for chemical reaction networks, provides a structural and simple sufficient condition for the existence of a product form. In view of this, we study the classical subclass of free-choice nets. Roughly, we show that the only such Petri nets having a product form are the state machines which can alternatively be viewed as Jackson networks.

  8. Analysis of Unit-Level Changes in Operations with Increased SPP Wind from EPRI/LCG Balancing Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hadley, Stanton W

    2012-01-01

    Wind power development in the United States is outpacing previous estimates for many regions, particularly those with good wind resources. The pace of wind power deployment may soon outstrip regional capabilities to provide transmission and integration services to achieve the most economic power system operation. Conversely, regions such as the Southeastern United States do not have good wind resources and will have difficulty meeting proposed federal Renewable Portfolio Standards with local supply. There is a growing need to explore innovative solutions for collaborating between regions to achieve the least cost solution for meeting such a renewable energy mandate. The Department of Energy funded the project 'Integrating Midwest Wind Energy into Southeast Electricity Markets' to be led by EPRI in coordination with the main authorities for the regions: SPP, Entergy, TVA, Southern Company and OPC. EPRI utilized several subcontractors for the project including LCG, the developers of the model UPLAN. The study aims to evaluate the operating cost benefits of coordination of scheduling and balancing for Southwest Power Pool (SPP) wind transfers to Southeastern Electric Reliability Council (SERC) Balancing Authorities (BAs). The primary objective of this project is to analyze the benefits of regional cooperation for integrating mid-western wind energy into southeast electricity markets. Scenarios were defined, modeled and investigated to address production variability and uncertainty and the associated balancing of large quantities of wind power in SPP and delivery to energy markets in the southern regions of the SERC. DOE funded Oak Ridge National Laboratory to provide additional support to the project, including a review of results and any side analysis that may provide additional insight. This report is a unit-by-unit analysis of changes in operations due to the different scenarios used in the overall study. It focuses on the change in capacity factors and the number of start-ups required for each unit since those criteria summarize key aspects of plant operations, how often are they called upon and how much do they operate. The primary analysis of the overall project is based on security-constrained unit commitment (SCUC) and economic dispatch (SCED) simulations of the SPP-SERC regions as modeled for the year 2022. The SCUC/SCED models utilized for the project were developed through extensive consultation with the project utility partners, to ensure the various regions and operational practices are represented as best as possible in the model. SPP, Entergy, Oglethorpe Power Company (OPC), Southern Company, and the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) actively participated in the project providing input data for the models and review of simulation results and conclusions. While other SERC utility systems are modeled, the listed SERC utilities were explicitly included as active participants in the project due to the size of their load and relative proximity to SPP for importing wind energy.

  9. Analysis of Heat Charging and Discharging on the Phase Change Energy-Storage Composite Wallboard (PCECW) in Building 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yue, H.; Chen, C.; Liu, Y.; Guo, H.

    2006-01-01

    This research paper combines the phase change material and the basal building material to constitute a kind of new phase change energy- storage composite wallboard (PCECW), applied in a residential building in Beijing. We analyzed the energy-storage...

  10. A new GIS toolbox for integrating massive heterogeneous GIS data for land use change analysis A new GIS toolbox for integrating

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Köbben, Barend

    statistical analysis, we summarize impacts of increased biogas production on agricultural land use change highlighting the trend in biogas maize cultivation and the conversion of permanent grass- land to agricultural, environmental impacts, biogas maize, permanent grassland, Germany. 1. Introduction Agricultural land use

  11. Collective Impact for Zero Net Energy Homes

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Home Energy Star Certified New Home Building America Goal: High-Performance Zero Net-Energy Ready New & Existing Homes ZNER NewExist. Home Low HERS Code New Home Building...

  12. Farmington Electric Utility System- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Farmington Electric, a municipal utility, offers net metering to residential customers with systems up to 10 kilowatts (kW) in capacity. This option is available for photovoltaic (PV), wind, hydro...

  13. Definition of a 'Zero Net Energy' Community

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carlisle, N.; Van Geet, O.; Pless, S.

    2009-11-01

    This document provides a definition for a net zero-energy community. A community that offsets all of its energy use from renewables available within the community's built environment.

  14. Murray City Power- Net Metering Pilot Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Under a pilot program, Murray City Power offers net metering to customers that generate electricity using photovoltaic (PV), wind-electric or hydroelectric systems with a maximum capacity of 10...

  15. ,"U.S. Blender Net Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    586-8800",,,"10272015 12:31:57 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Blender Net Production" "Sourcekey","MEP00YPBNUSMBBL","MGFRZNUS1","MGRRZNUS1","MG1RZNUS1","MEPM0...

  16. ,"U.S. Refinery Net Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    586-8800",,,"10272015 12:31:05 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Refinery Net Production" "Sourcekey","MTTRXNUS1","MLPRXNUS1","METRXNUS1","MENRXNUS1","MEYRXNUS1","...

  17. Packages FORMS version 5.20, MODEL version 5.20, CRT version 5.20, NET version 3.10, FD version 5.20

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    Packages FORMS version 5.20, MODEL version 5.20, CRT version 5.20, NET version 3.10, FD version 5 important new features of the program packages are listed here. Other changes, like bug fixing, simple to a particular package, are common to packages FORMS version 5.20, MODEL version 5.20, CRT version 5.20, NET

  18. Feasibility of Achieving a Zero-Net-Energy, Zero-Net-Cost Homes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Beaini, S.

    2010-01-01

    energy graph from the  BEopt software, superimposed with Figure 24).     Figure 23: BEopt zero?net?energy chart superimposed (red)  (NREL BEopt: Software for Identifying 

  19. Seismic Deployments and Experiments: PeruNet, GeoNet, and SeismoPhone.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01

    Networked Sensing Seismic Deployments and Experiments:PeruNet: Installing a UCLA seismic line in Latin Americadata quality controll •Seismic tomography to reveal slab

  20. Modeling and analysis of multiclass thresholdbased queues with hysteresis using

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tuffin, Bruno

    of communi­ cation networks. The analysis is done using Stochastic Petri Nets and Fluid Stochastic Petri NetsModeling and analysis of multi­class threshold­based queues with hysteresis using Stochastic Petri is transparent using an available Petri net package. Numerous numerical illustrations are given in order

  1. Analysis Methods and Tools Standing Technical Committee Strategic...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    nanalysismethodstools212.pdf More Documents & Publications Analysis: Targeting Zero Net Energy - 2014 BTO Peer Review Building America Analysis Methods and Tools Standing...

  2. Notes for Math 450 Stochastic Petri nets and reactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feres, Renato

    are a special class of networks, introduced in 1962 by Carl Adam Petri, that provide a convenient languageNotes for Math 450 Stochastic Petri nets and reactions Renato Feres 1 Petri nets Petri nets of the terms used in our discussion will come from chemical kinetics, an area where Petri nets are widely

  3. Modeling Smart Grid using Generalized Stochastic Petri Net

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dey, Amrita; Sanyal, Sugata

    2011-01-01

    Building smart grid for power system is a major challenge for safe, automated and energy efficient usage of electricity. The full implementation of the smart grid will evolve over time. However, before a new set of infrastructures are invested to build the smart grid, proper modeling and analysis is needed to avoid wastage of resources. Modeling also helps to identify and prioritize appropriate systems parameters. In this paper, an all comprehensive model of smart grid have been proposed using Generalized Stochastic Petri Nets (GSPN). The model is used to analyze the constraints and deliverables of the smart power grid of future.

  4. An open-label, randomized positron emission tomography (PET) study in healthy male volunteers consisiting of Part A and Part B. Part A: Clinical validation of norepinephrine transporter (NET) PET ligand, (S,S)-[11C]O-methylreboxetine ([11C]MRB) using different doses of oral atomoxetine as NET reuptake inhibitor. Part B: Evaluation of NET occupancy, as measured by [11C]MRB, with multiple dosing regimens of orally administered GSK372475.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fowler, Joanna

    2007-08-31

    Results from human studies with the PET radiotracer (S,S)-[(11)C]O-methyl reboxetine ([(11)C](S,S)-MRB), a ligand targeting the norepinephrine transporter (NET), are reported. Quantification methods were determined from test/retest studies, and sensitivity to pharmacological blockade was tested with different doses of atomoxetine (ATX), a drug that binds to the NET with high affinity (K(i)=2-5 nM). METHODS: Twenty-four male subjects were divided into different groups for serial 90-min PET studies with [(11)C](S,S)-MRB to assess reproducibility and the effect of blocking with different doses of ATX (25, 50 and 100 mg, po). Region-of-interest uptake data and arterial plasma input were analyzed for the distribution volume (DV). Images were normalized to a template, and average parametric images for each group were formed. RESULTS: [(11)C](S,S)-MRB uptake was highest in the thalamus (THL) and the midbrain (MBR) [containing the locus coeruleus (LC)] and lowest for the caudate nucleus (CDT). The CDT, a region with low NET, showed the smallest change on ATX treatment and was used as a reference region for the DV ratio (DVR). The baseline average DVR was 1.48 for both the THL and MBR with lower values for other regions [cerebellum (CB), 1.09; cingulate gyrus (CNG) 1.07]. However, more accurate information about relative densities came from the blocking studies. MBR exhibited greater blocking than THL, indicating a transporter density approximately 40% greater than THL. No relationship was found between DVR change and plasma ATX level. Although the higher dose tended to induce a greater decrease than the lower dose for MBR (average decrease for 25 mg=24+/-7%; 100 mg=31+/-11%), these differences were not significant. The different blocking between MBR (average decrease=28+/- 10%) and THL (average decrease=17+/-10%) given the same baseline DVR indicates that the CDT is not a good measure for non-NET binding in both regions. Threshold analysis of the difference between the average baseline DV image and the average blocked image showed the expected NET distribution with the MBR (LC) and hypothalamus>THL>CNG and CB, as well as a significant change in the supplementary motor area. DVR reproducibility for the different brain regions was approximately 10%, but intersubject variability was large. CONCLUSIONS: The highest density of NETs was found in the MBR where the LC is located, followed by THL, whereas the lowest density was found in basal ganglia (lowest in CDT), consistent with the regional localization of NETs in the nonhuman primate brain. While all three doses of ATX were found to block most regions, no significant differences between doses were found for any region, although the average percent change across subjects of the MBR did correlate with ATX dose. The lack of a dose effect could reflect a low signal-to-noise ratio coupled with the possibility that a sufficient number of transporters were blocked at the lowest dose and further differences could not be detected. However, since the lowest (25 mg) dose is less than the therapeutic doses used in children for the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder ( approximately 1.0 mg/kg/day), this would suggest that there may be additional targets for ATX's therapeutic actions.

  5. Biosensors for immune cell analysis--A perspective Alexander Revzin, Emanual Maverakis, and H.-C. Chang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Hsueh-Chia

    Biosensors for immune cell analysis--A perspective Alexander Revzin, Emanual Maverakis, and H://bmf.aip.org/about/rights_and_permissions #12;Biosensors for immune cell analysis--A perspective Alexander Revzin,1 Emanual Maverakis,2,3 and H with biosensors and electrical/mechanical/optical actuators and will enable multi-parametric analysis of cell

  6. The Climate Change Action Plan: Technical supplement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-03-01

    This Technical Annex documents the assumptions and parameters used in developing the supporting analysis for the Climate Change Action Plan (the Plan) issued by President Clinton on October 19, 1993. The Annex is intended to meet the needs of independent energy and environmental analysts who wish to better understand the Plan, its analytical underpinnings, and the events that need to transpire for the emissions reductions called for in the Plan to be realized. The Plan documented in this Annex reflects the outcome of a wide-ranging effort by Government agencies and interested members of the public to develop and implement actions that can reduce net greenhouse gas emissions in the year 2000 to their aggregate 1990 level. Based on agency and public input, the Climate Change Mitigation Group, chaired by the White House Office on Environmental Policy, developed the Plan`s content. Many of the actions called for in the Plan are now underway, while others are in advanced planning pending congressional action on the fiscal year 1995 budget. The analysis supporting the Plan represents the results of an interagency effort. The US Department of Energy (DOE) was responsible for the integrated analysis of energy-related options, based on the analysis of individual energy-related options by DOE, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the US Department of Transportation (DOT). EPA led in providing analysis for actions related to methane, hydrofluorocarbons, and perfluorocarbons. The US Department of Agriculture (USDA) led the analysis of carbon sequestration actions and cooperated with EPA in the analysis of actions to reduce nitrous oxide emissions.

  7. Report on PhysNet (www.physnet.net) The Physics Portal of the EPS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adler, Joan

    Report on PhysNet (www.physnet.net) The Physics Portal of the EPS Prof. Dr. Dr. Eberhard R. Hilf with professional physics information. It is a fully distributed and open information portal for professional as well as links to other professional portal services for physics and other fields. Upload is the service

  8. EHS-Net Microwave Study EHS-Net Microwave Study Protocol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EHS-Net Microwave Study 1 EHS-Net Microwave Study Protocol Research question Is there any justification for conducting an in-depth study on potential associations between microwave oven usage in food preparation establishments and foodborne illness? Background The use of microwave ovens inherently leads

  9. GoMRC Website ‘Meta-analysis Report: Land-use and submerged aquatic vegetation change in the Gulf of Mexico’

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Judd, Chaeli; Stefansson, Emily S.; Brushnahan, Heather

    2007-12-06

    Over the past century, health and spatial extent of seagrasses has decreased dramatically in the Gulf of Mexico. While some of the changes can be explained by direct impacts to the seagrass beds, we hypothesize that changes in the land use in the watersheds can also be correlated with the decline of seagrasses. Through this meta-analysis, we researched historical and compared trends in seagrass populations and land use in five bays and their watersheds within the Gulf of Mexico: Mobile Bay, Perdido Bay, Tampa Bay, Charlotte Harbor, and Galveston Bay. Using both historical records and spatial datasets, we examined land use and seagrass trends in these five areas.

  10. Clim. Past, 9, 825840, 2013 www.clim-past.net/9/825/2013/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    Clim. Past, 9, 825­840, 2013 www.clim-past.net/9/825/2013/ doi:10.5194/cp-9-825-2013 © Author of sedimentary events (SEs): light- coloured massive layers and dark-coloured graded beds. Op- tical analysis BP. Dark- coloured SEs develop high-amplitude reflections in front of the deltas and in the deep

  11. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 4760, 2014 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/14/47/2014/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 47­60, 2014 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/14/47/2014/ doi:10.5194/acp-14 of 3 × 1018 molecules m-2. The subsequent dark heterogeneous ozonolysis of adsorbed 4-propylguaiacol by GC-MS and 1H-NMR. Kinetic analysis of eugenol and isoeugenol dark ozonolysis also suggested

  12. Chapter 17: Estimating Net Savings: Common Practices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Violette, D. M.; Rathbun, P.

    2014-09-01

    This chapter focuses on the methods used to estimate net energy savings in evaluation, measurement, and verification (EM&V) studies for energy efficiency (EE) programs. The chapter provides a definition of net savings, which remains an unsettled topic both within the EE evaluation community and across the broader public policy evaluation community, particularly in the context of attribution of savings to particular program. The chapter differs from the measure-specific Uniform Methods Project (UMP) chapters in both its approach and work product. Unlike other UMP resources that provide recommended protocols for determining gross energy savings, this chapter describes and compares the current industry practices for determining net energy savings, but does not prescribe particular methods.

  13. Conformal nets III: fusion of defects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arthur Bartels; Christopher L. Douglas; André Henriques

    2015-02-21

    Conformal nets provides a mathematical model for conformal field theory. We define a notion of defect between conformal nets, formalizing the idea of an interaction between two conformal field theories. We introduce an operation of fusion of defects, and prove that the fusion of two defects is again a defect, provided the fusion occurs over a conformal net of finite index. There is a notion of sector (or bimodule) between two defects, and operations of horizontal and vertical fusion of such sectors. Our most difficult technical result is that the horizontal fusion of the vacuum sectors of two defects is isomorphic to the vacuum sector of the fused defect. Equipped with this isomorphism, we construct the basic interchange isomorphism between the horizontal fusion of two vertical fusions and the vertical fusion of two horizontal fusions of sectors.

  14. A quantitative analysis of the impact of land use changes on floods in the Manafwa River Basin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bingwa, Fidele

    2013-01-01

    Flood events in the Manafwa watershed, located in eastern Uganda, have increased in frequency in recent years. The risk of flooding is increasing globally due partly to climate change which enhances the number of weather ...

  15. The intergenerational ethics of climate change : the failure of cost-benefit analysis as a normative framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Nathan R. (Nathan Ross)

    2014-01-01

    Climate change generates a conflict between generations: while it is in the interest of the current generation to continue to exploit inexpensive carbon-based fuel to drive economic growth, it is in the interest of future ...

  16. Analysis of permafrost thermal dynamics and response to climate change in the CMIP5 Earth System Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koven, C.D.

    2014-01-01

    coupled climate-carbon earth system models part i: PhysicalChange in the CMIP5 Earth System Models  Koven, C.D. , W.J.output from a set of Earth System Models (ESMs) (Table 1)

  17. Working and Net Available Shell Storage Capacity

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979Coal Consumers inYear Full report3 Table613)WorkingNetNet

  18. Massachusetts Takes On Climate Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kimmell, Ken; Laurie, Burt

    2009-01-01

    recently an- nounced its Zero Net Energy initiative, a boldmarketability of zero net energy commercial and residentialand universal adoption of zero net energy practices for new

  19. Optimal Technology Investment and Operation in Zero-Net-Energy Buildings with Demand Response

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadler, Michael

    2009-01-01

    and Operation in Zero-Net- Energy Buildings with Demandand Operation in Zero-Net-Energy Buildings with Demandhas launched the Zero-Net- Energy (ZNE) Commercial Building

  20. Coupled Analysis of Change in Fracture Permeability during the Cooling Phase of the Yucca Mountain Drift Scale Test

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rutqvist, J.

    2008-01-01

    mechanical analysis of the Yucca Mountain Drift Scale Test –scale heater test at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, USA. In.t J.and Cooling at the Yucca Mountain Drift Scale Test. In.t J.

  1. Bragg Experimental SensorNet Testbed (BEST)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gorman, Bryan

    2010-01-25

    The principal causative objectives of BEST were to consolidate the 9-1-1 and emergency response services into an Integrated Incident Management Center (I2MC) and to establish an 'Interoperability framework' based on SensorNet protocols to allow additional components to be added to the I2MC over time.

  2. ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE PLANNING PROBLEMS PETRI NET FRAMEWORK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antsaklis, Panos

    ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE PLANNING PROBLEMS IN A PETRI NET FRAMEWORK K.M Passino and PJ. Antsaluis defined and then used to model a class of Artificial Intelligence planning problems. A planning stegy. As an iJlustration of the results three Artificial Intelligence planning problems are modelled and soved

  3. Chow's Team Petri Net Models discrete event

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaber, David B.

    ", and "high" plate contents CELISCA: collection of physiology data based on NCSU prototype Output1 CELISCA: collection of physiology data based on New NCSU prototype Output2 #12;k Chow's Team Petri Net Models ­ discrete event stochastic models (set fixed time interval updates

  4. The BLOOMhouse:Zero Net Energy Housing 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garrison, M.; Krepart, R.; Randall, S.; Novoselac, A.

    2008-01-01

    The 2007 University of Texas Solar Decathlon House is called the BLOOMhouse because it represents the “seed” of new ideas for zero net energy housing. The University of Texas student team developed a prefabricated 7.9 kW stand-alone solar...

  5. Feasibility of Achieving a Zero-Net-Energy, Zero-Net-Cost Homes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Beaini, S.

    2010-01-01

    home s in the area:  Web?site: http://www.zerohouse.net/   Description:  zeroHouse is a prefabricated home was built using a Structural Insulated Panels (SIP) wall system.   Prefabricated 

  6. Feasibility of Achieving a Zero-Net-Energy, Zero-Net-Cost Homes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Beaini, S.

    2010-01-01

    house.  The  building was built by a local manufacturer of prefabricated house)  Energy savings compared to other home s in the area:  Web?site: http://www.zerohouse.net/   Description:  zeroHouse is a prefabricated 

  7. Targeting Net Zero Energy at Marine Corps Base Hawaii, Kaneohe Bay: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burman, K.; Kandt, A.; Lisell, L.; Booth, S.

    2012-05-01

    This paper summarizes the results of an NREL assessment of Marine Corps Base Hawaii (MCBH), Kaneohe Bay to appraise the potential of achieving net zero energy status through energy efficiency, renewable energy, and hydrogen vehicle integration. In 2008, the U.S. Department of Defense's U.S. Pacific Command partnered with the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to assess opportunities for increasing energy security through renewable energy and energy efficiency at Hawaii military installations. DOE selected Marine Corps Base Hawaii (MCBH), Kaneohe Bay, to receive technical support for net zero energy assessment and planning funded through the Hawaii Clean Energy Initiative (HCEI). NREL performed a comprehensive assessment to appraise the potential of MCBH Kaneohe Bay to achieve net zero energy status through energy efficiency, renewable energy, and hydrogen vehicle integration. This paper summarizes the results of the assessment and provides energy recommendations. The analysis shows that MCBH Kaneohe Bay has the potential to make significant progress toward becoming a net zero installation. Wind, solar photovoltaics, solar hot water, and hydrogen production were assessed, as well as energy efficiency technologies. Deploying wind turbines is the most cost-effective energy production measure. If the identified energy projects and savings measures are implemented, the base will achieve a 96% site Btu reduction and a 99% source Btu reduction. Using excess wind and solar energy to produce hydrogen for a fleet and fuel cells could significantly reduce energy use and potentially bring MCBH Kaneohe Bay to net zero. Further analysis with an environmental impact and interconnection study will need to be completed. By achieving net zero status, the base will set an example for other military installations, provide environmental benefits, reduce costs, increase energy security, and exceed its energy goals and mandates.

  8. MetNet: Software to Build and Model the Biogenetic Lattice ofArabidopsis

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Wurtele, Eve Syrkin; Li, Jie; Diao, Lixia; Zhang, Hailong; Foster, Carol M.; Fatland, Beth; Dickerson, Julie; Brown, Andrew; Cox, Zach; Cook, Dianne; et al

    2003-01-01

    MetNet (http://www.botany.iastate.edu/?mash/metnetex/metabolicnetex.html) is publicly available software in development for analysis of genome-wide RNA, protein and metabolite profiling data. The software is designed to enable the biologist to visualize, statistically analyse and model a metabolic and regulatory network map ofArabidopsis, combined with gene expression profiling data. It contains a JAVA interface to an interactions database (MetNetDB) containing information on regulatory and metabolic interactions derived from a combination of web databases (TAIR, KEGG, BRENDA) and input from biologists in their area of expertise. FCModeler captures input from MetNetDB in a graphical form. Sub-networks can be identified and interpreted using simple fuzzy cognitivemore »maps. FCModeler is intended to develop and evaluate hypotheses, and provide a modelling framework for assessing the large amounts of data captured by high-throughput gene expression experiments. FCModeler and MetNetDB are currently being extended to three-dimensional virtual reality display. The MetNet map, together with gene expression data, can be viewed using multivariate graphics tools in GGobi linked with the data analytic tools in R. Users can highlight different parts of the metabolic network and see the relevant expression data highlighted in other data plots. Multi-dimensional expression data can be rotated through different dimensions. Statistical analysis can be computed alongside the visual. MetNet is designed to provide a framework for the formulation of testable hypotheses regarding the function of specific genes, and in the long term provide the basis for identification of metabolic and regulatory networks that control plant composition and development.« less

  9. MetNet: Software to Build and Model the Biogenetic Lattice of Arabidopsis

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Wurtele, Eve Syrkin; Li, Jie; Diao, Lixia; Zhang, Hailong; Foster, Carol M.; Fatland, Beth; Dickerson, Julie; Brown, Andrew; Cox, Zach; Cook, Dianne; et al

    2003-01-01

    MetNet (http://www.botany.iastate.edu/?mash/metnetex/metabolicnetex.html) is publicly available software in development for analysis of genome-wide RNA, protein and metabolite profiling data. The software is designed to enable the biologist to visualize, statistically analyse and model a metabolic and regulatory network map of Arabidopsis , combined with gene expression profiling data. It contains a JAVA interface to an interactions database (MetNetDB) containing information on regulatory and metabolic interactions derived from a combination of web databases (TAIR, KEGG, BRENDA) and input from biologists in their area of expertise. FCModeler captures input from MetNetDB in a graphical form. Sub-networks can be identified and interpreted usingmore »simple fuzzy cognitive maps. FCModeler is intended to develop and evaluate hypotheses, and provide a modelling framework for assessing the large amounts of data captured by high-throughput gene expression experiments. FCModeler and MetNetDB are currently being extended to three-dimensional virtual reality display. The MetNet map, together with gene expression data, can be viewed using multivariate graphics tools in GGobi linked with the data analytic tools in R. Users can highlight different parts of the metabolic network and see the relevant expression data highlighted in other data plots. Multi-dimensional expression data can be rotated through different dimensions. Statistical analysis can be computed alongside the visual. MetNet is designed to provide a framework for the formulation of testable hypotheses regarding the function of specific genes, and in the long term provide the basis for identification of metabolic and regulatory networks that control plant composition and development. « less

  10. The EMBO Journal vol. 12 no. 1 pp. 1 -8, 1993 Electron diffraction analysis of structural changes in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerstein, Mark

    are central to the mechanism of light- driven proton transport by bacteriorhodopsin, a seven- helix membrane- Gly mutant. The M intermediate was trapped by rapidly freezing the crystals in liquid ethane following on functional studies with bacteriorhodopsin]. The cycle of proton transport is accompanied by changes

  11. Issues in using landscape indicators to assess land changes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kline, Keith L [ORNL; Dale, Virginia H [ORNL

    2012-01-01

    Landscape indicators, when combined with information about environmental conditions (such as habitat potential, biodiversity, carbon and nutrient cycling, and erosion) and socioeconomic forces, can provide insights about changing ecosystem services. They also provide information about opportunities for improving natural resources management. Landscape indicators rely on data regarding land cover, land management and land functionality. Challenges in using landscape indicators to assess change and effects include (1) measures of land management and attributes that are reliable, robust and consistent for all areas on the Earth do not exist, and thus land cover is more frequently utilized; (2) multiple types of land cover and management are often found within a single landscape and are constantly changing, which complicates measurement and interpretation; and (3) while causal analysis is essential for understanding and interpreting changes in indicator values, the interactions among multiple causes and effects over time make accurate attribution among many drivers of change particularly difficult. Because of the complexity, sheer number of variables, and limitations of empirical data on land changes, models are often used to illustrate and estimate values for landscape indicators, and those models have several problems. Recommendations to improve our ability to assess the effects of changes in land management include refinement of questions to be more consistent with available information and the development of data sets based on systematic measurement over time of spatially explicit land qualities such as carbon and nutrient stocks, water and soil quality, net primary productivity, habitat and biodiversity. Well-defined and consistent land-classification systems that are capable of tracking changes in these and other qualities that matter to society need to be developed and deployed. Because landscapes are so dynamic, it is crucial to develop ways for the scientific community to work together to collect data and develop tools that will enable better analysis of causes and effects and to develop robust management recommendations that will increases land s capacity to meet societal needs in a changing world.

  12. Preliminary analysis of the postulated changes needed to achieve rail cask handling capabilities at selected light water reactors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Konzek, G.J.

    1986-02-01

    Reactor-specific railroad and crane information for all LWRs in the US was extracted from current sources of information. Based on this information, reactors were separated into two basic groups consisting of reactors with existing, usable rail cask capabilities and those without these capabilities. The latter group is the main focus of this study. The group of reactors without present rail cask handling capabilities was further separated into two subgroups consisting of reactors considered essentially incapable of handling a large rail cask of about 100 tons and reactors where postulated facility changes could result in rail cask handling capabilities. Based on a selected population of 127 reactors, the results of this assessment indicate that usable rail cask capabilities exist at 83 (65%) of the reactors. Twelve (27%) of the remaining 44 reactors are deemed incapable of handling a large rail cask without major changes, and 32 reactors are considered likely candidates for potentially achieving rail cask handling capabilities. In the latter group, facility changes were postulated that would conceptually enable these reactors to handle large rail casks. The estimated cost per plant of required facility changes varied widely from a high of about $35 million to a low of <$0.3 million. Only 11 of the 32 plants would require crane upgrades. Spur track and right-of-way costs would apparently vary widely among sites. These results are based on preliminary analyses using available generic cost data. They represent lower bound values that are useful for developing an initial assessment of the viability of the postulated changes on a system-wide basis, but are not intended to be absolute values for specific reactors or sites.

  13. Putting high-level Petri nets to work in industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Aalst, Wil

    and an extensive bibli- ography the reader is referred to Murata 17]. The classical Petri net is a directe

  14. Transportation Security SensorNet: A Service Oriented Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kansas, University of

    Transportation Security SensorNet: A Service Oriented Architecture for Cargo Monitoring Martin..........................................................................................................5 E. Globus - Open Grid Services Architecture

  15. Synthesis and Analysis of Product-form , J. Mairesse2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doyen, Laurent

    untractable. Being first introduced in queueing networks, it has been adapted to Markovian Petri nets. Here we to queueing networks, product-form Markovian Petri Nets were introduced to cope with the combinatorialSynthesis and Analysis of Product-form Petri Nets S. Haddad1 , J. Mairesse2 , H-T. Nguyen2 1 ENS

  16. Changes in Support Networks in Late Middle Age: The Extension of Gender and Educational Differences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischer, CS; Beresford, L

    2015-01-01

    OUP CHANGES IN NETWORK INEQUALITY Suitor, J. J. , & Keeton,Key Words: Education—Gender—Inequality—Middle age—Networks—add a particular focus: inequalities in net- work change. We

  17. Producing Network Applications Using ObjectOriented Petri Nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lakos, Charles

    Producing Network Applications Using Object­Oriented Petri Nets by Glenn Anthony Lewis Thesis of such systems. The Petri net formalism [Petri 1962] can be used for the design, specification, simulation, verification, validation and implementation of concurrent systems. Object Petri Nets (OPNs) [Lakos 1994

  18. Modeling biological systems using Petri nets wimbos@gmail.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Theune, Mariët

    to Petri nets, they allow for different abstraction levels, making it possible to model biological networksModeling biological systems using Petri nets Wim Bos wimbos@gmail.com ABSTRACT Petri Nets (PNs) biological systems, or networks. As a lot of extensions to PNs exist, it is possible to model different

  19. Research internship Petri net unfolding of biological networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doyen, Laurent

    Research internship Petri net unfolding of biological networks Topic: Logic and Verification be modeled as automata networks or Petri nets. It results in concurrent models involved hundreds or thousands for computing dynamical properties on discrete models of biological networks. Petri net unfoldings exploit

  20. Master internship Petri net unfolding of biological networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doyen, Laurent

    Master internship Petri net unfolding of biological networks Topic: Logic and Verification or signalling networks, can be modeled as automata networks or Petri nets. It results in concurrent models unfoldings for computing dynamical properties on discrete models of biological networks. Petri net unfoldings

  1. QPME -Queueing Petri Net Modeling Environment Samuel Kounev

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    Petri nets. By combining the modeling power and expressiveness of queueing networks and stochastic PetriQPME - Queueing Petri Net Modeling Environment Samuel Kounev University of Cambridge Computer@informatik.tu-darmstadt.de Abstract-- Queueing Petri nets are a powerful formalism that can be exploited for modeling distributed

  2. Network Theory II: Stochastic Petri Nets, Chemical Reaction Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baez, John

    Network Theory II: Stochastic Petri Nets, Chemical Reaction Networks and Feynman Diagrams John Baez, Jacob Biamonte, Brendan Fong #12;A Petri net is a way of drawing a finite set S of species, a finite set(recovery) = infected t(recovery) = resistant #12;A Petri net is actually a way of presenting a symmetric monoidal

  3. IAEA-CN-SO/G-I-l THE NET PROJECT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . The objective of NET is to demonstrate fusion energy production in an apparatus which meets the basic design PARAMETERS The NET objective is to demonstrate fusion energy production in an apparatus which meets the basic-Planck-Institut ftir Plasmaphysik, Garching, Federal Republic of Germany Abstract THE NET PROJECT: AN OVERVIEW

  4. FishNet: Finding and Maintaining Information on the Net Paul De Bra 1 and Pim Lemmens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Bra, Paul

    FishNet: Finding and Maintaining Information on the Net Paul De Bra 1 and Pim Lemmens Department whether links are still valid and whether documents they point to have been modified or moved. ffl Fish of a given set of (addresses of) documents. FishNet keeps track of the evolution of a domain of interest

  5. A model of global net ecosystem production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Potter, C.S.; Matson, P.A. (NASA-Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA (United States)); Field, C.B.; Randerson, J. (Carnegie Institution of Washington, Stanford, CA (United States)); Vitousek, P.M.; Mooney, H.A. (Stanford Univ., CA (United States))

    1993-06-01

    We present an ecosystem modeling approach to resolve global climate and edaphic controls on seasonal NEP patterns. Global remote sensing, climate and land surface data sets are used as inputs to drive a terrestrial carbon cycle model at 1[degrees]lat/lon resolution. monthly net primary productivity (NPP) is calculated using surface radiation and NDVI to determine photosynthesis, which is subsequently adjusted by temperature, water and nitrogen stress factors. Total nitrogen availability is coupled to net mineralization rates from litter soil carbon pools. Soil respiration and NPP balance one another globally at around 60 Gt C yr[sup [minus]1]. The seasonal amplitude of global NEP is 1.2 Gt C. Although substantial month-to-month variation is observed for tropical forest areas, seasonal amplitude is driven globally by boreal and temperate forest ecosystems between 650 and 30[degrees] N latitude.

  6. Graph-theoretic analysis of discrete-phase-space states for condition change detection and quantification of information

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hively, Lee M.

    2014-09-16

    Data collected from devices and human condition may be used to forewarn of critical events such as machine/structural failure or events from brain/heart wave data stroke. By monitoring the data, and determining what values are indicative of a failure forewarning, one can provide adequate notice of the impending failure in order to take preventive measures. This disclosure teaches a computer-based method to convert dynamical numeric data representing physical objects (unstructured data) into discrete-phase-space states, and hence into a graph (structured data) for extraction of condition change.

  7. Small Weak Epsilon Nets Boris Aronov

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aurenhammer, Franz

    2003-0097, Min. Educ. y Ciencia, Espa~na. Also partially supported by NSF ITR Grant CCR-00-FEDER-BFM2003- 00368, Gen-Cat-2001SGR00224 and Acci´on Integrada Austria-Espa~na MCYT HU2002-0010. §Chercheur and Acci´on Integrada Austria- Espa~na MCYT HU2002-0010. Further, if Q P, then Q is called a (strong) -net

  8. A Change Management Framework for Service Oriented Enterprises

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenberg, Florian

    A Change Management Framework for Service Oriented Enterprises Salman Akram1 Athman Bouguettaya2@cs.rit.edu3 We propose a change management framework for Service-Oriented Enterprise (SOEs). We present, respectively. We propose an automatic change management framework that is based on the above Petri net models

  9. Net-baryon-, net-proton-, and net-charge kurtosis in heavy-ion collisions within a relativistic transport approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marlene Nahrgang; Tim Schuster; Michael Mitrovski; Reinhard Stock; Marcus Bleicher

    2012-09-03

    We explore the potential of net-baryon, net-proton and net-charge kurtosis measurements to investigate the properties of hot and dense matter created in relativistic heavy-ion collisions. Contrary to calculations in a grand canonical ensemble we explicitly take into account exact electric and baryon charge conservation on an event-by-event basis. This drastically limits the width of baryon fluctuations. A simple model to account for this is to assume a grand-canonical distribution with a sharp cut-off at the tails. We present baseline predictions of the energy dependence of the net-baryon, net-proton and net-charge kurtosis for central ($b\\leq 2.75$ fm) Pb+Pb/Au+Au collisions from $E_{lab}=2A$ GeV to $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}=200$ GeV from the UrQMD model. While the net-charge kurtosis is compatible with values around zero, the net-baryon number decreases to large negative values with decreasing beam energy. The net-proton kurtosis becomes only slightly negative for low $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}$.

  10. Method for net-shaping using aerogels

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Brinker, C. Jeffrey (Albuquerque, NM); Ashey, Carol S. (Albuquerque, NM); Reed, Scott T. (Albuquerque, NM); Sriram, Chunangad S. (Indianapolis, IN); Harris, Thomas M. (Tulsa, OK)

    2001-01-01

    A method of net-shaping using aerogel materials is provided by first forming a sol, aging the sol to form a gel, with the gel having a fluid component and having been formed into a medium selected from the group consisting of a powder, bulk material, or granular aerobeads, derivatizing the surface of the gel to render the surface unreactive toward further condensation, removing a portion of the fluid component of the final shaped gel to form a partially dried medium, placing the medium into a cavity, wherein the volume of said medium is less that the volume of the cavity, and removing a portion of the fluid component of the medium. The removal, such as by heating at a temperature of approximately less than 50.degree. C., applying a vacuum, or both, causes the volume of the medium to increase and to form a solid aerogel. The material can be easily removed by exposing the material to a solvent, thereby reducing the volume of the material. In another embodiment, the gel is derivatized and then formed into a shaped medium, where subsequent drying reduces the volume of the shaped medium, forming a net-shaping material. Upon further drying, the material increases in volume to fill a cavity. The present invention is both a method of net-shaping and the material produced by the method.

  11. Modeling Cyber Conflicts Using an Extended Petri Net Formalism

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zakrzewska, Anita N; Ferragut, Erik M

    2011-01-01

    When threatened by automated attacks, critical systems that require human-controlled responses have difficulty making optimal responses and adapting protections in real- time and may therefore be overwhelmed. Consequently, experts have called for the development of automatic real-time reaction capabilities. However, a technical gap exists in the modeling and analysis of cyber conflicts to automatically understand the repercussions of responses. There is a need for modeling cyber assets that accounts for concurrent behavior, incomplete information, and payoff functions. Furthermore, we address this need by extending the Petri net formalism to allow real-time cyber conflicts to be modeled in a way that is expressive and concise. This formalism includes transitions controlled by players as well as firing rates attached to transitions. This allows us to model both player actions and factors that are beyond the control of players in real-time. We show that our formalism is able to represent situational aware- ness, concurrent actions, incomplete information and objective functions. These factors make it well-suited to modeling cyber conflicts in a way that allows for useful analysis. MITRE has compiled the Common Attack Pattern Enumera- tion and Classification (CAPEC), an extensive list of cyber attacks at various levels of abstraction. CAPEC includes factors such as attack prerequisites, possible countermeasures, and attack goals. These elements are vital to understanding cyber attacks and to generating the corresponding real-time responses. We demonstrate that the formalism can be used to extract precise models of cyber attacks from CAPEC. Several case studies show that our Petri net formalism is more expressive than other models, such as attack graphs, for modeling cyber conflicts and that it is amenable to exploring cyber strategies.

  12. Predictors of change differ for moderate and vigorous intensity physical activity and for weekdays and weekends: a longitudinal analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corder, Kirsten; Craggs, Christopher; Jones, Andrew P; Ekelund, Ulf; Griffin, Simon J; van Sluijs, Esther MF

    2013-05-28

    Sport 2002, 73:206–210.38. Panter JR, Jones AP, Van Sluijs EM, Griffin SJ: Neighborhood, route, and school environments and children’s active commuting. Am J Prev Med 2010, 38:268–278.47. Kahn JA, Huang B, Gillman MW, Field AE, Austin SB, Colditz GA... BioMed Central Commons Attribution License (http://creativec reproduction in any medium, provided the orOpen Access r for moderate and l activity and for a longitudinal analysis , Ulf Ekelund2,4, Simon J Griffin1,2Ltd. This is an Open Access article...

  13. Validation Methodology to Allow Simulated Peak Reduction and Energy Performance Analysis of Residential Building Envelope with Phase Change Materials: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tabares-Velasco, P. C.; Christensen, C.; Bianchi, M.

    2012-08-01

    Phase change materials (PCM) represent a potential technology to reduce peak loads and HVAC energy consumption in residential buildings. This paper summarizes NREL efforts to obtain accurate energy simulations when PCMs are modeled in residential buildings: the overall methodology to verify and validate Conduction Finite Difference (CondFD) and PCM algorithms in EnergyPlus is presented in this study. It also shows preliminary results of three residential building enclosure technologies containing PCM: PCM-enhanced insulation, PCM impregnated drywall and thin PCM layers. The results are compared based on predicted peak reduction and energy savings using two algorithms in EnergyPlus: the PCM and Conduction Finite Difference (CondFD) algorithms.

  14. Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 8, 539558, 2008 www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/8/539/2008/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 8, 539­558, 2008 www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/8 Hazards and Earth System Sciences Spatial variability and potential impacts of climate change on flood and debris flow hazard zone mapping and implications for risk management H. Staffler1, R. Pollinger2, A

  15. The Impact of Rate Design and Net Metering on the Bill Savings from Distributed PV for Residential Customers in California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Darghouth, Naim; Barbose, Galen; Wiser, Ryan

    2010-03-30

    Net metering has become a widespread policy in the U.S. for supporting distributed photovoltaics (PV) adoption. Though specific design details vary, net metering allows customers with PV to reduce their electric bills by offsetting their consumption with PV generation, independent of the timing of the generation relative to consumption - in effect, compensating the PV generation at retail electricity rates (Rose et al. 2009). While net metering has played an important role in jump-starting the residential PV market in the U.S., challenges to net metering policies have emerged in a number of states and contexts, and alternative compensation methods are under consideration. Moreover, one inherent feature of net metering is that the value of the utility bill savings it provides to customers with PV depends heavily on the structure of the underlying retail electricity rate, as well as on the characteristics of the customer and PV system. Consequently, the value of net metering - and the impact of moving to alternative compensation mechanisms - can vary substantially from one customer to the next. For these reasons, it is important for policymakers and others that seek to support the development of distributed PV to understand both how the bill savings varies under net metering, and how the bill savings under net metering compares to other possible compensation mechanisms. To advance this understanding, we analyze the bill savings from PV for residential customers of California's two largest electric utilities, Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) and Southern California Edison (SCE). The analysis is based on hourly load data from a sample of 215 residential customers located in the service territories of the two utilities, matched with simulated hourly PV production for the same time period based on data from the nearest of 73 weather stations in the state.

  16. Factors associated with mosquito net use by individuals in households owning nets in Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graves, Patricia M.; Ngondi, Jeremiah M.; Hwang, Jimee; Getachew, Asefaw; Gebre, Teshome; Mosher, Aryc W.; Patterson, Amy E.; Shargie, Estifanos B.; Tadesse, Zerihun; Wolkon, Adam; Reithinger, Richard; Emerson, Paul M.; Richards, Frank O. Jr

    2011-12-13

    age and gender [5,7-10], education, occupation/livelihood [11-13], degree of con- trol over household decision-making [14], malaria knowledge, beliefs and risk perceptions [5,15-21], per- ceived benefits and disadvantages of nets [5,17,18,21], trust... or while tending livestock, attending late- night social events, disruption of usual sleeping arrange- ments, net unavailability due to washing or dirtiness, extreme fatigue, labour pains, illness or forgetfulness [13,27,30-32]. This study builds on a...

  17. Performance analysis of a latent heat storage system with phase change material for new designed solar collectors in greenhouse heating

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benli, Hueseyin; Durmus, Aydin

    2009-12-15

    The continuous increase in the level of greenhouse gas emissions and the rise in fuel prices are the main driving forces behind the efforts for more effectively utilize various sources of renewable energy. In many parts of the world, direct solar radiation is considered to be one of the most prospective sources of energy. In this study, the thermal performance of a phase change thermal storage unit is analyzed and discussed. The storage unit is a component of ten pieced solar air collectors heating system being developed for space heating of a greenhouse and charging of PCM. CaCl{sub 2}6H{sub 2}O was used as PCM in thermal energy storage with a melting temperature of 29 C. Hot air delivered by ten pieced solar air collector is passed through the PCM to charge the storage unit. The stored heat is utilized to heat ambient air before being admitted to a greenhouse. This study is based on experimental results of the PCM employed to analyze the transient thermal behavior of the storage unit during the charge and discharge periods. The proposed size of collectors integrated PCM provided about 18-23% of total daily thermal energy requirements of the greenhouse for 3-4 h, in comparison with the conventional heating device. (author)

  18. User`s guide to the META-Net economic modeling system. Version 1.2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lamont, A.

    1994-11-24

    In a market economy demands for commodities are met through various technologies and resources. Markets select the technologies and resources to meet these demands based on their costs. Over time, the competitiveness of different technologies can change due to the exhaustion of resources they depend on, the introduction of newer, more efficient technologies, or even shifts in user demands. As this happens, the structure of the economy changes. The Market Equilibrium and Technology Assessment Network Modelling System, META{center_dot}Net, has been developed for building and solving multi-period equilibrium models to analyze the shifts in the energy system that may occur as new technologies are introduced and resources are exhausted. META{center_dot}Net allows a user to build and solve complex economic models. It models` a market economy as a network of nodes representing resources, conversion processes, markets, and end-use demands. Commodities flow through this network from resources, through conversion processes and market, to the end-users. META{center_dot}Net then finds the multiperiod equilibrium prices and quantities. The solution includes the prices and quantities demanded for each commodity along with the capacity additions (and retirements) for each conversion process, and the trajectories of resource extraction. Although the changes in the economy are largely driven by consumers` behavior and the costs of technologies and resources, they are also affected by various government policies. These can include constraints on prices and quantities, and various taxes and constraints on environmental emissions. META{center_dot}Net can incorporate many of these mechanisms and evaluate their potential impact on the development of the economic system.

  19. Working and Net Available Shell Storage Capacity

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979Coal Consumers inYear Full report3 Table613)WorkingNet

  20. OpenNet Training | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested Parties -DepartmentAvailableHighOffice ofProjectDepartment ofOpenNet Training

  1. Next Update: October 2010 Net Internal

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,DecadeYear Jan Feb Mar Apr MayDecade Year-0Decade Year-00 Net

  2. A Causal Net Approach to Relativistic Quantum Mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. D. Bateson

    2012-05-13

    In this paper we discuss a causal network approach to describing relativistic quantum mechanics. Each vertex on the causal net represents a possible point event or particle observation. By constructing the simplest causal net based on Reichenbach-like conjunctive forks in proper time we can exactly derive the 1+1 dimension Dirac equation for a relativistic fermion and correctly model quantum mechanical statistics. Symmetries of the net provide various quantum mechanical effects such as quantum uncertainty and wavefunction, phase, spin, negative energy states and the effect of a potential. The causal net can be embedded in 3+1 dimensions and is consistent with the conventional Dirac equation. In the low velocity limit the causal net approximates to the Schrodinger equation and Pauli equation for an electromagnetic field. Extending to different momentum states the net is compatible with the Feynman path integral approach to quantum mechanics that allows calculation of well known quantum phenomena such as diffraction.

  3. Community Net Energy Metering: How Novel Policies Expand Benefits of Net Metering to Non-Generators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rose, James; Varnado, Laurel

    2009-04-01

    As interest in community solutions to renewable energy grows, more states are beginning to develop policies that encourage properties with more than one meter to install shared renewable energy systems. State net metering policies are evolving to allow the aggregation of multiple meters on a customer���¢��������s property and to dissolve conventional geographical boundaries. This trend means net metering is expanding out of its traditional function as an enabling incentive to offset onsite customer load at a single facility. This paper analyzes community net energy metering (CNEM) as an emerging vehicle by which farmers, neighborhoods, and municipalities may more easily finance and reap the benefits of renewable energy. Specifically, it aims to compare and contrast the definition of geographical boundaries among different CNEM models and examine the benefits and limitations of each approach. As state policies begin to stretch the geographic boundaries of net metering, they allow inventive solutions to encourage renewable energy investment. This paper attempts to initiate the conversation on this emerging policy mechanism and offers recommendations for further development of these policies.

  4. SemLink 1.2 PropBank VerbNet FrameNet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palmer, Martha

    -arg="0" vn-theta="Agent" /> Theme" /> Theme fnrole='Theme' vnrole='Theme'/> Wsj Instances Verbs in WSJ annotated with Prop_id) (sentence number) (token number) (standard) (verb-v) (VerbNet class) (Framenet Frame) (PB grouping) (SI

  5. UK Climate Change Risk Assessment and National

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wirosoetisno, Djoko

    UK Climate Change Risk Assessment and National Adaptation Programme Meg Patel Defra #12;Legislative Framework Climate Change Act 2008 Adaptation Reporting Power 2011 Climate Change Risk Assessment: Climate Change Risk Assessment Elevensectors(forinitial analysis) Health Energy Transport Built

  6. Aspinall Courthouse: GSA's Historic Preservation and Net-Zero...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Aspinall Courthouse: GSA's Historic Preservation and Net-Zero Renovation Case study details the General Services Administration's (GSA) decision to align historic preservation...

  7. Deep Energy Efficiency and Getting to Net Zero

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation covers energy efficiency and getting to net zero and is given at the Spring 2011 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting.

  8. Aspinall Courthouse: GSA's Historic Preservation and Net-Zero...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    historic preservation renovations with net-zero energy goals in the Wayne N. Aspinall Federal Building and U.S. Courthouse in Grand Junction, Colorado. aspinallcourthouse.pdf...

  9. ,"Total Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Net Receipts by Pipeline...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Net Receipts by Pipeline, Tanker, Barge and Rail between PAD Districts" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of...

  10. Electrohydraulic Forming of Near Net Shape Automotive Panels

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Electrohydraulic Forming of Near Net Shape Automotive Panels The Development of Advancing Automotive Panel Manufacturing for Increased Energy and Material Savings The U.S....

  11. The Intersection of Net Metering and Retail Choice: An Overview...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    and defined five different theoretical models describing different ways competitive suppliers and utilities provide net metering options for their customers. They then provided...

  12. Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 6, 293302, 2006 www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/6/293/2006/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 6, 293­302, 2006 www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/6/293/2006/ © Author(s) 2006. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences A conceptual approach to the use of Cost Benefit and Multi Criteria Analysis in natural hazard

  13. Motivation Literature Network Performance Measure Network Robustness SCN Model Fin. Net. Model Conclusions Network Efficiency/Performance Measurement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    Conclusions Network Efficiency/Performance Measurement with Vulnerability and Robustness Analysis Conclusions 1 Motivation 2 Literature Review 3 Network Efficiency/Performance Measure Variational Inequality Robustness SCN Model Fin. Net. Model Conclusions 1 Motivation 2 Literature Review 3 Network Efficiency/Performance

  14. Control of Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Optimal DER Technology Investment and Energy Management in Zero-Net-Energy Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadler, Michael

    2010-01-01

    and Energy Management in Zero-Net-Energy Buildings Michaeland Energy Management in Zero-Net-Energy Buildings 1 Michaelgoal of achieving zero-net-energy commercial buildings (

  15. Artificial Neural Nets and Cylinder Pressures in Diesel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharkey, Amanda

    Artificial Neural Nets and Cylinder Pressures in Diesel Engine Fault Diagnosis * Gopi O diagnosis system for a diesel engine, which uses artificial neural nets to identify faults on the basis cylinder Ruston AP 230, medium speed Diesel engine was simulated. When tested on new data previously unseen

  16. HYBRID PETRI NET REPRESENTATION OF GENE REGULATORY NETWORK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Breitling, Rainer

    HYBRID PETRI NET REPRESENTATION OF GENE REGULATORY NETWORK HIROSHI MATSUNO, ATSUSHI DOI Faculty regulatory networks. The HPN is an extension of Petri nets which have been used to represent many kinds networks which realizes the intuitions of biologists while keeping the universality in its com- putational

  17. Characterization of Reachable Attractors Using Petri Net Unfoldings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doyen, Laurent

    with Petri net models of cell signalling and regulation networks, Boolean and multi-valued. The proposed apCharacterization of Reachable Attractors Using Petri Net Unfoldings Thomas Chatain1 , Stefan Haar1, France 3 Inria Saclay - ^Ile de France, team AMIB, Palaiseau, France Abstract. Attractors of network

  18. Exploratory Performance Evaluation using dynamic and parametric Petri nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esser, Robert

    Exploratory Performance Evaluation using dynamic and parametric Petri nets Robert Esser Jorn W. Janneck Department of Computer Science Computer Engineering and Networks Laboratory (TIK) University@computer.org jwj@acm.org KEYWORDS: exploratory simulation, performance evaluation, Petri nets, parameterization

  19. Targeting Net Zero Energy for Military Installations (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burman, K.

    2012-05-01

    Targeting Net Zero Energy for Military Installations in Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii. A net zero energy installation (NZEI) is one that produces as much energy from on-site renewable sources as it consumes. NZEI assessment provides a systematic approach to energy projects.

  20. Instructions for Submitting Document to OpenNet | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    have an OpenNet Logon Name and Password. If you don't already have one, go to the OpenNet web site at: http:www.osti.govopennet. Click on the LOGIN link on the top right. Read...

  1. RISK JOURNALS CATALOGUE 2015 www.risk.net/journal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    RISK JOURNALS CATALOGUE 2015 www.risk.net/journal #12;Risk Journals deliver academically rigorous accurately. DISCOVER RISK JOURNALS HOW CAN RISK JOURNALS HELP YOU? www.risk.net/journal Risk Journals deliver strategies, commodities, infrastructures, derivatives, regulation and more. Each quarter Risk Journals

  2. Atmos. Chem. Phys. www.atmos-chem-phys.net

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    Atmos. Chem. Phys. www.atmos-chem-phys.net © Author(s) 2008. This work is distributed under represent the 1 standard errors of the mean. Atmos. Chem. Phys. www.atmos-chem-phys.net #12;G.P. Stiller 2003 (dark blue), May 2003 (light blue), June 2003 (turquoise), September 2003 (green), November 2003

  3. Translating Orc Features into Petri nets and the Join Calculus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruni, Roberto

    Translating Orc Features into Petri nets and the Join Calculus Roberto Bruni1, Hern´an Melgratti2@di.unipi.it, hernan.melgratti@imtlucca.it, et52@mcs.le.ac.uk Abstract. Cook and Misra's Orc is an elegant language the key novel features of Orc by comparing it with variations of Petri nets. The comparison shows that Orc

  4. Translating Orc Features into Petri nets and the Join Calculus #

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruni, Roberto

    Translating Orc Features into Petri nets and the Join Calculus # Roberto Bruni 1 , Hern@di.unipi.it, hernan.melgratti@imtlucca.it, et52@mcs.le.ac.uk Abstract. Cook and Misra's Orc is an elegant language the key novel features of Orc by comparing it with variations of Petri nets. The comparison shows that Orc

  5. Net Balanced Floorplanning Based on Elastic Energy Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nannarelli, Alberto

    Net Balanced Floorplanning Based on Elastic Energy Model Wei Liu and Alberto Nannarelli Dept variations can introduce extra signal skew, it is desirable to have floorplans with balanced net delays based on the elastic energy model. The B*-tree, which is based on an ordered binary tree, is used

  6. CP-nets and Nash equilibria Krzysztof R. Apt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rossi, Francesca

    CP-nets and Nash equilibria Krzysztof R. Apt ¢¡ £¤¡ ¥ , Francesca Rossi ¦ , and Kristen Brent, the Netherlands Department of Pure and Applied Mathematics, University of Padova, Italy Abstract. CP instead of payoff functions. We show then that the optimal outcomes of a CP-net are ex- actly the Nash

  7. Predicting Daily Net Radiation Using Minimum Climatological Data1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .1061/ ASCE 0733-9437 2003 129:4 256 CE Database subject headings: Radiation; Solar radiationPredicting Daily Net Radiation Using Minimum Climatological Data1 S. Irmak, M.ASCE2 ; A. Irmak3 ; J Abstract: Net radiation (Rn) is a key variable for computing reference evapotranspiration and is a driving

  8. A Green Prison: Santa Rita Jail Creeps Towards Zero Net Energy (ZNE)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marnay, Chris

    2011-01-01

    Rita Jail Creeps Towards Zero Net Energy (ZNE) Chris Marnay,Jail Creeps Towards Zero Net Energy (ZNE) Chris Marnay –Jail is unlikely to meet zero net energy in the near future.

  9. Vegetation Change Analysis User's Manual

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D. J. Hansen; W. K. Ostler

    2002-10-01

    Approximately 70 percent of all U.S. military training lands are located in arid and semi-arid areas. Training activities in such areas frequently adversely affect vegetation, damaging plants and reducing the resilience of vegetation to recover once disturbed. Fugitive dust resulting from a loss of vegetation creates additional problems for human health, increasing accidents due to decreased visibility, and increasing maintenance costs for roads, vehicles, and equipment. Diagnostic techniques are needed to identify thresholds of sustainable military use. A cooperative effort among U.S. Department of Energy, U.S. Department of Defense, and selected university scientists was undertaken to focus on developing new techniques for monitoring and mitigating military impacts in arid lands. This manual focuses on the development of new monitoring techniques that have been implemented at Fort Irwin, California. New mitigation techniques are described in a separate companion manual. This User's Manual is designed to address diagnostic capabilities needed to distinguish between various degrees of sustainable and nonsustainable impacts due to military training and testing and habitat-disturbing activities in desert ecosystems. Techniques described here focus on the use of high-resolution imagery and the application of image-processing techniques developed primarily for medical research. A discussion is provided about the measurement of plant biomass and shrub canopy cover in arid. lands using conventional methods. Both semiquantitative methods and quantitative methods are discussed and reference to current literature is provided. A background about the use of digital imagery to measure vegetation is presented.

  10. DIAGNOSING, BENCHMARKING AND TRANSFORMING THE LEED CERTIFIED FIU SIPA BUILDING INTO A NET-ZERO-ENERGY BUILDING (NET-ZEB)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pala, Nezih

    with a score of 61.9590 kBTU per square foot. (The Environmental Protection Agency established kBTU per square foot as the key performance indicator for energy efficiency in its Energy Star rating program.) However INTO A NET-ZERO-ENERGY BUILDING (NET-ZEB) Thomas Spiegelhalter Florida International University

  11. Climate Change and Conceptual Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, David Joseph

    2013-01-01

    1.1.2 The Stark Reality of Climate Change . . . . . . . .1.2 Climate Change as a BehavioralEducation for Climate Change . . . . 1.4.1 The Numerically

  12. Beyond the Seas: Eighteenth-Century Convict Transportation and the Widening Net of Penal Sanctions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyer, Willow Mary

    2011-01-01

    the Deck by Piling Up Sanctions: Is Intermediate Punishmentthe Widening Net of Penal Sanctions By Willow Mary Meyer AWidening Net of Penal Sanctions By Willow Mary Meyer Doctor

  13. Fact #736: July 16, 2012 Total Petroleum Imports and Net Petroleum...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    6: July 16, 2012 Total Petroleum Imports and Net Petroleum Imports: The Difference is Growing Fact 736: July 16, 2012 Total Petroleum Imports and Net Petroleum Imports: The...

  14. Targeting Net Zero Energy at Marine Corps Base Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Targeting Net Zero Energy at Marine Corps Base Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii: Assessment and Recommendations Targeting Net Zero Energy at Marine Corps Base Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii: Assessment...

  15. Density derived estimates of standing crop and net primary production in the giant kelp Macrocystis pyrifera

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reed, Daniel; Rassweiler, Andrew; Arkema, Katie

    2009-01-01

    1991) Production and standing stocks of the kelp MacrocystisDensity derived estimates of standing crop and net primarycult to measure variables of standing crop and net primary

  16. Global Climate Change and Agriculture

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Izaurralde, Roberto C.

    2009-01-01

    The Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change released in 2007 significantly increased our confidence about the role that humans play in forcing climate change. There is now a high degree of confidence that the (a) current atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) far exceed those of the pre-industrial era, (b) global increases in CO2 arise mainly from fossil fuel use and land use change while those of CH4 and N2O originate primarily from agricultural activities, and (c) the net effect of human activities since 1750 has led to a warming of the lower layers of the atmosphere, with an increased radiative forcing of 1.6 W m-2. Depending on the scenario of human population growth and global development, mean global temperatures could rise between 1.8 and 4.0 °C by the end of the 21st century.

  17. The Implications of Global Climate Change for Mountain Gorilla Conservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    The implication of projected climate change for freshwaterand P. Martens, 2004. Climate change and malaria: analysisEra for Conservation: Review of Climate Change Adaptation

  18. Optical properties are an important way to understand how climate change is altering the oceans we rely on. Dr David Antoine leads the BIOCAREX project in improving analysis of optical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antoine, David

    Optical properties are an important way to understand how climate change is altering the oceans we rely on. Dr David Antoine leads the BIOCAREX project in improving analysis of optical properties. Here, he discusses bio-optics and their application in the Mediterranean Sea As an introduction could you

  19. Real-time applications of neural nets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spencer, J.E.

    1989-05-01

    Producing, accelerating and colliding very high power, low emittance beams for long periods is a formidable problem in real-time control. As energy has grown exponentially in time so has the complexity of the machines and their control systems. Similar growth rates have occurred in many areas, e.g., improved integrated circuits have been paid for with comparable increases in complexity. However, in this case, reliability, capability and cost have improved due to reduced size, high production and increased integration which allow various kinds of feedback. In contrast, most large complex systems (LCS) are perceived to lack such possibilities because only one copy is made. Neural nets, as a metaphor for LCS, suggest ways to circumvent such limitations. It is argued that they are logically equivalent to multi-loop feedback/forward control of faulty systems. While complimentary to AI, they mesh nicely with characteristics desired for real-time systems. Such issues are considered, examples given and possibilities discussed. 21 refs., 6 figs.

  20. An Assessment of Economic Analysis Methods for Cogeneration Systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolander, J. N.; Murphy, W. E.; Turner, W. D.

    1985-01-01

    Cogeneration feasibility studies were conducted for eleven state agencies of Texas. A net present value (NPV) analysis was used to evaluate candidate cogeneration systems and select the optimum system. CELCAP, an hour-by-hour cogeneration analysis...

  1. Computer Literacy Skills of Net Generation Learners 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duke, Christopher

    2012-07-16

    Younger learners are widely considered to be technologically savvy and computer literate because of their lifelong exposure to ubiquitous technology. Educators often rely on that assumption to justify changes to institutional curricula, technology...

  2. Renewable Generation Effect on Net Regional Energy Interchange: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Diakov, Victor; Brinkman, Gregory; Denholm, Paul; Jenkin, Thomas; Margolis, Robert

    2015-07-30

    Using production-cost model (PLEXOS), we simulate the Western Interchange (WECC) at several levels of the yearly renewable energy (RE) generation, between 13% and 40% of the total load for the year. We look at the overall energy exchange between a region and the rest of the system (net interchange, NI), and find it useful to examine separately (i) (time-)variable and (ii) year-average components of the NI. Both contribute to inter-regional energy exchange, and are affected by wind and PV generation in the system. We find that net load variability (in relatively large portions of WECC) is the leading factor affecting the variable component of inter-regional energy exchange, and the effect is quantifiable: higher regional net load correlation with the rest of the WECC lowers net interchange variability. Further, as the power mix significantly varies between WECC regions, effects of ‘flexibility import’ (regions ‘borrow’ ramping capability) are also observed.

  3. On performance bounds for interval Time Petri Nets Simona Bernardi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernardi, Simona

    Ingenier´ia de Sistemas Universidad de Zaragoza, Spain jcampos@unizar.es Abstract Interval time Petri Nets and Technol- ogy and the project PERF of the Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research. tivities

  4. Petri Net Modelling of Biological Regulatory Claudine Chaouiya a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Provence Aix-Marseille I, Université de

    Petri Net Modelling of Biological Regulatory Networks Claudine Chaouiya a Elisabeth Remy b Denis, France Abstract The complexity of biological regulatory networks often defies the intuition insight in their dynamical properties. One qualitative approach consists in modelling regulatory networks

  5. San Antonio City Public Service (CPS Energy)- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Net metering is available to customers of CPS Energy. There is no aggregate capacity limit or maximum system size. There are also no commissioning fees or facilities charges for customers.

  6. heavy-snowfall area. The annual NEP (net ecosystem productiv-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    heavy-snowfall area. The annual NEP (net ecosystem productiv- ity) observed by eddy covariance and the duration of the growing season were important factors with regards to annual NEP. Additional detailed

  7. Application for a Certificate of Public Good for Net Metered...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    for a Certificate of Public Good for Net Metered Power Systems that are Non-Photovoltaic Systems Up to 150 kW (AC) in Capacity Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference...

  8. Robust manufacturing system design using petri nets and bayesian methods 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharda, Bikram

    2008-10-10

    robust design configuration, designers need accurate methods to model various uncertainties and efficient ways to search for feasible configurations. The dissertation work uses a multi-objective Genetic Algorithm (GA) and Petri net based modeling...

  9. October 16, 2012, Webinar: Net-Zero-Energy Communities

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This webinar was held October 16, 2012, and provided information on net-zero-energy communities in California and Hawaii. Download the presentations below, watch the webinar (WMV 159 MB), or view...

  10. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | September 27, 2012: QuarkNet...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    RELEASE QuarkNet program receives 6.1 million NSF award to advance science education Hi-res | Med-res Steven Grosland, physics teacher at Glenbrook South High School in...

  11. Higher Moments of Net Proton Multiplicity Distributions at RHIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balewski, Jan T.

    We report the first measurements of the kurtosis (? [kappa]), skewness (S), and variance (? [sigma] [superscript 2]) of net-proton multiplicity (N [subscript p]-N [subscript p?] ) distributions at midrapidity for Au+Au ...

  12. North America's net terrestrial CO2 exchange with the atmosphere...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    a synthesis of net land-atmosphere CO2 exchange for North America (Canada, United States, and Mexico) over the period 1990-2009. Only CO2 is considered, not methane or...

  13. Electricity Bill Savings from Residential Photovoltaic Systems: Sensitivities to Changes in Future Electricity Market Conditions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Darghouth, Naim; Barbose, Galen; Wiser, Ryan

    2013-01-09

    This scoping study investigates the impact of, and interactions among, three key sources of uncertainty in the future value of bill savings from customer-sited PV, focusing in particular on residential customers. These three sources of uncertainty are: changes to electricity market conditions that would affect retail electricity prices, changes to the types of retail rate structures available to residential customers with PV, and shifts away from standard net-metering toward other compensation mechanisms for residential PV. We investigate the impact of a range of electricity market scenarios on retail electricity prices and rate structures, and the resulting effects on the value of bill savings from PV. The scenarios include various levels of renewable and solar energy deployment, high and low natural gas prices, the possible introduction of carbon pricing, and greater or lesser reliance on utility-scale storage and demand response. We examine the bill savings from PV with time-invariant, flat residential retail rates, as well as with time-varying retail rates, including time-of-use (TOU) rates and real-time pricing (RTP). In addition, we explore a flat rate with increasing-block pricing (IBP). We evaluate the bill savings from PV with net metering, as currently allowed in many states, as well as scenarios with hourly netting, a partial form of net metering. This scoping study is the first known effort to evaluate these types of interactions in a reasonably comprehensive fashion, though by no means have we considered every possible change to electricity market conditions, retail rate structures, or PV compensation mechanisms. It focuses solely on the private value of bill savings for residential PV and does not seek to quantify the broader social or economic cost or value of solar electricity. Our analysis applies assumptions based loosely on California’s electricity market in a future year (2030); however, it is neither intended to forecast California’s future market, nor are our conclusions intended to have implications specific only to the California market. That said, some of the findings are unique to our underlying assumptions, as described further within the main body of the report, along with other key limitations.

  14. Limiting net greenhouse gas emissions in the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bradley, R A; Watts, E C; Williams, E R

    1991-09-01

    In 2988 the Congress requested DOE produce a study on carbon dioxide inventory and policy to provide an inventory of emissions sources and to analyze policies to achieve a 20% reduction in carbon dioxide emissions in 5 to 10 years and a 50% reduction in 15 to 20 years. This report presents the results of that study. Energy and environmental technology data were analyzed using computational analysis models. This information was then evaluated, drawing on current scientific understanding of global climate change, the possible consequences of anthropogenic climate change (change caused by human activity), and the relationship between energy production and use and the emission of radiactively important gases. Topics discussed include: energy and environmental technology to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, fossil energy production and electricity generation technologies, nuclear energy technology, renewable energy technologies, energy storage, transmission, and distribution technology, transportation, technology, industrial technology, residential and commercial building technology, greenhouse gas removal technology, approaches to restructuring the demand for energy.

  15. Appendix I3-1 to Wind HUI Initiative 1: AWST-WindNET-Phase 1 Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John Zack

    2012-07-15

    This report is an appendix to the Hawaii WindHUI efforts to develop and operationalize short-term wind forecasting and wind ramp event forecasting capabilities. The report summarizes the WindNET Phase 1 efforts on the Big Island of Hawaii and includes descriptions of modeling methodologies, use of field validation data, results and recommendations. The objective of the WindNET project was to investigate the improvement that could be obtained in short-term wind power forecasting for wind generation facilities operating on the island grids operated by Hawaiian Electric Companies through the use of atmospheric sensors deployed at targeted locations. WindNET is envisioned as a multiphase project that will address the short-term wind forecasting issues of all of the wind generation facilities on the all of the Hawaiian Electric Companies' island grid systems. The first phase of the WindNET effort (referred to as WindNET-1) was focused on the wind generation facilities on the Big Island of Hawaii. With complex terrain and marine environment, emphasis was on improving the 0 to 6 hour forecasts of wind power ramps and periods of wind variability, with a particular interest in the intra-hour (0-1 hour) look-ahead period. The WindNET project was built upon a foundation that was constructed with the results from a previously completed observation targeting study for the Big Island that was conducted as part of a project supported by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and interactions with the western utilities. The observational targeting study provided guidance on which variables to measure and at what locations to get the most improvement in forecast performance at a target forecast site. The recommendations of the observation targeting study were based on the application two techniques: (1) an objective method called ensemble sensitivity analysis (ESA) (Ancell and Hakim, 2007; Torn and Hakim, 2008; Zack et al, 2010); and (2) a subjective method based on a diagnostic analysis of large ramp events. The analysis was completed for both the wind farm on the southern tip of the Big Island and on the northern tip of the island. The WindNET project was designed to also deploy sensors to validate the Big Island observational targeting study and enhance operator's understanding of predominate causes of wind variability conditions at the wind facilities. Compromises had to be made with the results from the observation targeting study to accommodate project resource limitations, availability of suitable sites, and other factors. To focus efforts, field sensor deployment activities focused on the wind facility on the southern point of Big Island.

  16. A TIME-DERIVATIVE NEURAL NET ARCHITECTURE -AN ALTERNATIVE TO THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A TIME-DERIVATIVE NEURAL NET ARCHITECTURE -AN ALTERNATIVE TO THE TIME-DELAY NEURAL NET ARCHITECTURE-Though the time-delay neural net architecture has been recently used in a number of speech recognition can improve the recognition performance. In this paper, a time-derivarive neural net architecture

  17. Modeling Physical Quantities in Industrial Systems using Fluid Stochastic Petri Nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gribaudo, Marco

    of a case study, in which the quantity to be regulated is a real fluid quantity: the fuel demand in a gas: Start Fuel Controller 2 Fluid Stochastic Petri Nets Fluid Stochastic Petri Nets are Petri net basedModeling Physical Quantities in Industrial Systems using Fluid Stochastic Petri Nets M. Gribaudo

  18. Feasibility of Achieving a Zero-Net-Energy, Zero-Net-Cost Homes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Beaini, S.

    2010-01-01

    Solar Power Cost Outlook . 23  Energy Energy Analysis Office;  http://www.nrel.gov/analysis/ docs/cost_curves_2005.ppt  Solar Power Cost Outlook 

  19. Limiting net greenhouse gas emissions in the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bradley, R A; Watts, E C; Williams, E R

    1991-09-01

    In 1988, Congress requested that DOE produce a study on carbon dioxide inventory and policy to provide an inventory of emissions sources and to analyze policies to achieve a 20% reduction in carbon dioxide emissions in 5 to 10 years and a 50% reduction in 15 to 20 years. Energy and environmental technology data were analyzed using computational analysis models. This information was then evaluated, drawing on current scientific understanding of global climate change, the possible consequences of anthropogenic climate change (change caused by human activity) and the relationship between energy production and use and the emission of radiatively important gases. Topics discussed include: state of the science in estimating atmosphere/climate change relationships, the potential consequences of atmosphere/climate change, us greenhouse emissions past and present, an approach to analyzing the technical potential and cost of reducing US energy-related greenhouse gas emissions, current policy base and National Energy Strategy actions, fiscal instruments, regulatory instruments, combined strategies and instruments, macroeconomic impacts, carbon taxation and international trade, a comparison to other studies.

  20. NetCooperate User Manual NetCooperate is a toolkit for calculating host-microbe and microbe-microbe cooperation, available as an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borenstein, Elhanan

    NetCooperate User Manual NetCooperate is a toolkit for calculating host-microbe and microbe-microbe To determine the BSS between a host and endosymbiont or the MCI between a pair of microbes, the user simply

  1. The Impact of Climate Change on Air QualityRelated Meteorological Conditions in California. Part II: Present versus Future Time Simulation Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Shu-Hua

    results to infer potential air pollution changes in California. Changes in both the meteorological fields of stagnation days (NNSD) integrating all stagnation events, during which most of the air pollution episodes will be stronger in the future for the two main air pollution seasons (i.e., summer and winter). Increases

  2. Response of a tundra ecosytem to elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide and CO{sub 2}-induced climate change. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oechel, W.C.

    1996-11-01

    The overall objective of this research was to document current patterns of CO{sub 2} flux in selected locations of the circumpolar arctic, and to develop the information necessary to predict how these fluxes may be affected by climate change. In fulfillment of these objectives, net CO{sub 2} flux was measured at several sites on the North Slope of Alaska during the 1990-94 growing season (June-August) to determine the local and regional patterns, of seasonal CO{sub 2} exchange. In addition, net CO{sub 2} flux was measured in the Russian and Icelandic Arctic to determine if the patterns of CO{sub 2} exchange observed in Arctic Alaska were representative of the circumpolar arctic, while cold-season CO{sub 2} flux measurements were carried out during the 1993-94 winter season to determine the magnitude of CO{sub 2} efflux not accounted for by the growing season measurements. Manipulations of soil water table depth and surface temperature, which were identified from the extensive measurements as being the most important variables in determining the magnitude and direction of net CO{sub 2} exchange, were carried out during the 1993-94 growing seasons in tussock and wet sedge tundra ecosystems. Finally, measurements of CH{sub 4} flux were also measured at several of the North Slope study sites during the 1990-91 growing seasons. Measurements were made on small (e.g. 0.5 m{sup 2}) plots using a portable gas-exchange system and cuvette. The sample design allowed frequent measurements of net CO{sub 2} exchange and respiration over diurnal and seasonal cycles, and a large spatial extent that incorporated both locally and regionally diverse tundra surface types. Measurements both within and between ecosystem types typically extended over soil water table depth and temperature gradients, allowing for the indirect analysis of the effects of anticipated climate change scenarios on net CO{sub 2} exchange. In situ experiments provided a direct means for testing hypotheses.

  3. Change Log

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Log NERSC-8 Trinity Benchmarks Change Log 09032013 Correction applied to MiniDFT web-page (to remove inconsistency with MiniDFT README). Capability Improvement...

  4. Ecosystem feedbacks to climate change in California: Development, testing, and analysis using a coupled regional atmosphere and land-surface model (WRF3-CLM3.5)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Subin, Z.M.; Riley, W.J.; Kueppers, L.M.; Jin, J.; Christianson, D.S.; Torn, M.S.

    2010-11-01

    A regional atmosphere model [Weather Research and Forecasting model version 3 (WRF3)] and a land surface model [Community Land Model, version 3.5 (CLM3.5)] were coupled to study the interactions between the atmosphere and possible future California land-cover changes. The impact was evaluated on California's climate of changes in natural vegetation under climate change and of intentional afforestation. The ability of WRF3 to simulate California's climate was assessed by comparing simulations by WRF3-CLM3.5 and WRF3-Noah to observations from 1982 to 1991. Using WRF3-CLM3.5, the authors performed six 13-yr experiments using historical and future large-scale climate boundary conditions from the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory Climate Model version 2.1 (GFDL CM2.1). The land-cover scenarios included historical and future natural vegetation from the Mapped Atmosphere-Plant-Soil System-Century 1 (MC1) dynamic vegetation model, in addition to a future 8-million-ha California afforestation scenario. Natural vegetation changes alone caused summer daily-mean 2-m air temperature changes of -0.7 to +1 C in regions without persistent snow cover, depending on the location and the type of vegetation change. Vegetation temperature changes were much larger than the 2-m air temperature changes because of the finescale spatial heterogeneity of the imposed vegetation change. Up to 30% of the magnitude of the summer daily-mean 2-m air temperature increase and 70% of the magnitude of the 1600 local time (LT) vegetation temperature increase projected under future climate change were attributable to the climate-driven shift in land cover. The authors projected that afforestation could cause local 0.2-1.2 C reductions in summer daily-mean 2-m air temperature and 2.0-3.7 C reductions in 1600 LT vegetation temperature for snow-free regions, primarily because of increased evapotranspiration. Because some of these temperature changes are of comparable magnitude to those projected under climate change this century, projections of climate and vegetation change in this region need to consider these climate-vegetation interactions.

  5. Feasibility of Achieving a Zero-Net-Energy, Zero-Net-Cost Homes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Beaini, S.; Borgeson, S.; Coffery, B.; Gregory, D.; Konis, K.; Scown, C.; Simjanovic, J.; Stanley, J.; Strogen, B.; Walker, I.

    2009-09-01

    A green building competition, to be known as the Energy Free Home Challenge (EFHC), is scheduled to be opened to teams around the world in 2010. This competition will encourage both design innovation and cost reduction, by requiring design entries to meet 'zero net energy' and 'zero net cost' criteria. For the purposes of this competition, a 'zero net energy' home produces at least as much energy as it purchases over the course of a year, regardless of the time and form of the energy (e.g., electricity, heat, or fuel) consumed or produced. A 'zero net cost' home is no more expensive than a traditional home of comparable size and comfort, when evaluated over the course of a 30-year mortgage. In other words, the 'green premium' must have a payback period less than 30 years, based on the value of energy saved. The overarching goal of the competition is to develop affordable, high-performance homes that can be mass-produced at a large scale, and are able to meet occupant needs in harsh climates (as can be found where the competition will be held in Illinois). This report outlines the goals of the competition, and gauges their feasibility using both modeling results and published data. To ensure that the established rules are challenging, yet reasonable, this report seeks to refine the competition goals after exploring their feasibility through case studies, cost projections, and energy modeling. The authors of this report conducted a survey of the most progressive home energy-efficiency practices expected to appear in competition design submittals. In Appendix A, a summary can be found of recent projects throughout the United States, Canada, Germany, Switzerland, Sweden and Japan, where some of the most progressive technologies have been implemented. As with past energy efficient home projects, EFHC competitors will incorporate a multitude of energy efficiency measures into their home designs. The authors believe that the cost of electricity generated by home generation technologies will continue to exceed the price of US grid electricity in almost all locations. Strategies to minimize whole-house energy demand generally involve some combination of the following measures: optimization of surface (area) to volume ratio; optimization of solar orientation; reduction of envelope loads; systems-based engineering of high efficiency HVAC components, and on-site power generation. A 'Base Case' home energy model was constructed, to enable the team to quantitatively evaluate the merits of various home energy efficiency measures. This Base Case home was designed to have an energy use profile typical of most newly constructed homes in the Champaign-Urbana, Illinois area, where the competition is scheduled to be held. The model was created with the EnergyGauge USA software package, a front-end for the DOE-2 building energy simulation tool; the home is a 2,000 square foot, two-story building with an unconditioned basement, gas heating, a gas hot-water heater, and a family of four. The model specifies the most significant details of a home that can impact its energy use, including location, insulation values, air leakage, heating/cooling systems, lighting, major appliances, hot water use, and other plug loads. EFHC contestants and judges should pay special attention to the Base Case model's defined 'service characteristics' of home amenities such as lighting and appliances. For example, a typical home refrigerator is assumed to have a built-in freezer, automatic (not manual) defrost, and an interior volume of 26 cubic feet. The Base Case home model is described in more detail in Section IV and Appendix B.

  6. Exploring ENRON Email with NetLens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Golbeck, Jennifer

    (Low medium high) #12;Multiple email search capabilities 1- Keyword Search Here a search on "California list" (with Doug Oard's team) #12;Social network analysis: - Number of neighbors - Connectance Summaries -List of emails in same thread -Access to thread -Access to thread summary With Bonnie Dorr

  7. Future Climate Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    C. G. Cambell

    2004-09-03

    This report documents an analysis that was performed to estimate climatic variables for the next 10,000 years by forecasting the timing and nature of climate change at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, the site of a repository for spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste. The future-climate estimates are based on an analysis of past-climate data from analog meteorological stations, and this report provides the rationale for the selection of these analog stations. The stations selected provide an upper and a lower climate bound for each future climate, and the data from those sites will provide input to the following reports: ''Simulation of Net Infiltration for Present-Day and Potential Future Climates'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 170007]), ''Total System Performance Assessment (TSPA) Model/Analysis for the License Application'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 168504]), ''Features, Events, and Processes in UZ Flow and Transport'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 170012]), and ''Features, Events, and Processes in SZ Flow and Transport'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 170013]). Forecasting long-term future climates, especially for the next 10,000 years, is highly speculative and rarely attempted. A very limited literature exists concerning the subject, largely from the British radioactive waste disposal effort. The discussion presented here is one available forecasting method for establishing upper and lower bounds for future climate estimates. The selection of different methods is directly dependent on the available evidence used to build a forecasting argument. The method used here involves selecting a particular past climate from many past climates, as an analog for future climate. While alternative analyses are possible for the case presented for Yucca Mountain, the evidence (data) used would be the same and the conclusions would not be expected to drastically change. Other studies might develop a different rationale or select other past climates resulting in a different future climate analog. Other alternative approaches could include simulation of climate over the 10,000-year period; however, this modeling extrapolation is well beyond the bounds of current scientific practice and would not provide results with better confidence. A corroborative alternative approach may be found in ''Future Climate Analysis-10,000 Years to 1,000,000 Years After Present'' (Sharpe 2003 [DIRS 161591]). The current revision of this report is prepared in accordance with ''Technical Work Plan for: Unsaturated Zone Flow Analysis and Model Report Integration'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169654]).

  8. A Framework for Analysis of the Uncertainty of Socioeconomic Growth and Climate Change on the Risk of Water Stress: a Case Study in Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fant, C.

    The sustainability of future water resources is of paramount importance and is affected by many factors, including population, wealth and climate. Inherent in how these factors change in the future is the uncertainty of ...

  9. Improving the probability of effective organizational change in the Coast Guard through the combined use of System Dynamics and Enterprise Value Stream Mapping & Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnston, Michael J., S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2008-01-01

    Most major organizational changes never reap the benefits the original planners envisioned, they often take longer to implement than expected and in a dynamic environment that can spell disaster for a large enterprise. The ...

  10. Continuous Change Institutional Change Principle

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    ecause it takes time to establish institutional change, federal agencies need multiyear plans that continuously work to achieve, reinforce, and improve significant and persistent sustainability goals.

  11. Internalizing Climate Change—Scientific Resource Management and the Climate Change Challenges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dettinger, Michael D.; Culberson, Steven

    2008-01-01

    Council. 2001. Climate change sci- ence: an analysis of someM, Miller HL, edi- tors. Climate Change 2007: The PhysicalIntergovernmental Panel on Climate Change(IPCC)]. Cambridge,

  12. Internalizing Climate Change—Scientific Resource Management and the Climate Change Challenges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dettinger, Michael D.; Culberson, Steven

    2008-01-01

    Council. 2001. Climate change sci- ence: an analysis of someNWT, Dracup JA. 2004. Climate change impacts uncertainty forVR, Kusler J. 2000. Climate change: Potential impacts and

  13. Jonestown Quadruple Net Value Report- Lake Boys 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheek, Joseph; Davis, Zachary; Guerra, Daniel; McIntyre, Scott; Bishop, William; Hoff, Austin; Hernandez, Alex; Stewart, Sean; Kulka, William; Whitis, Dillon

    2014-12-04

    organizations out there for their people learned about them. d. Smart growth recognition or certification Research (including source): After talking to representatives of the City of Jonestown and looking at their website, the city of Jonestown does... not have a Smart growth recognition or certification. Analysis: No information available at this moment. Conclusions: The City of Jonestown should do a big push to achieve smart growth recognition. C. Air Quality Impact a. Total carbon...

  14. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Informationmonthly gasoline price toStocks 2009CubicAnalysisYear Jan Feb

  15. Demand response compensation, net Benefits and cost allocation: comments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hogan, William W.

    2010-11-15

    FERC's Supplemental Notice of Public Rulemaking addresses the question of proper compensation for demand response in organized wholesale electricity markets. Assuming that the Commission would proceed with the proposal ''to require tariff provisions allowing demand response resources to participate in wholesale energy markets by reducing consumption of electricity from expected levels in response to price signals, to pay those demand response resources, in all hours, the market price of energy for such reductions,'' the Commission posed questions about applying a net benefits test and rules for cost allocation. This article summarizes critical points and poses implications for the issues of net benefit tests and cost allocation. (author)

  16. Targeting Net Zero Energy at Fort Carson: Assessment and Recommendations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, K.; Markel, T.; Simpson, M.; Leahey, J.; Rockenbaugh, C.; Lisell, L.; Burman, K.; Singer, M.

    2011-10-01

    The U.S. Army's Fort Carson installation was selected to serve as a prototype for net zero energy assessment and planning. NREL performed the comprehensive assessment to appraise the potential of Fort Carson to achieve net zero energy status through energy efficiency, renewable energy, and electric vehicle integration. This report summarizes the results of the assessment and provides energy recommendations. This study is part of a larger cross-laboratory effort that also includes an assessment of renewable opportunities at seven other DoD Front Range installations, a microgrid design for Fort Carson critical loads and an assessment of regulatory and market-based barriers to a regional secure smart grid.

  17. Analysis of Thermally Induced Changes in Fractured Rock Permeability during Eight Years of Heating and Cooling at the Yucca Mountain Drift Scale Test

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rutqvist, J.

    2008-01-01

    and Cooling at the Yucca Mountain Drift Scale Test J.mechanical analysis of the Yucca Mountain Drift Scale Test –scale heater test at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, USA. Int J Rock

  18. Table 11. Net metering, 2010 through 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Informationmonthly gasoline price toStocks 2009CubicAnalysisYear Jan FebArkansas"

  19. Safety Net (SN) CRAC (rates/adjustments)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust, High-Throughput Analysis of Protein1-0845*RV6STATDecember29/2011 Page 1 of 6Site

  20. North America's net terrestrial carbon exchange with the atmosphere 1990-2009

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    King, Anthony W.; Andres, Robert; Davis, Kenneth J.; Hafer, M.; Hayes, Daniel J.; Huntzinger, Deborah N.; de Jong, Bernardus; Kurz, Werner; McGuire, A. David; Vargas, Rodrigo; Wei, Yaxing; West, Tristram O.; Woodall, Chris W.

    2015-01-01

    Scientific understanding of the global carbon cycle is required for developing national and international policy to mitigate fossil-fuel CO2 emissions by managing terrestrial carbon uptake. Toward that understanding and as a contribution to the REgional Carbon Cycle Assessment and Processes (RECCAP) project, this paper provides a synthesis of net land-atmosphere CO2 exchange for North America over the period (1990-2009). This synthesis is based on results from three different methods: atmospheric inversion, inventory-based methods and terrestrial biosphere modeling. All methods indicate that the North America land surface was a sink for atmospheric CO2, with a net transfer from atmosphere to land. Estimates ranged from -890 to -280 Tg C yr-1, where the atmospheric inversion estimate forms the lower bound of that range (a larger land-sink) and the inventory-based estimate the upper (a smaller land sink). Integrating across estimates, a “best” estimates (i.e., measures of central tendency) are -472 ± 281 Tg C yr-1 based on the mean and standard deviation of the distribution and -360 Tg C yr-1 (with an interquartile range of -496 to -337) based on the median. Considering both the fossil-fuel emissions source and the land sink, our analysis shows that North America was, however, a net contributor to the growth of CO2 in the atmosphere in the late 20th and early 21st century. The continent’s CO2 source to sink ratio for this time period was likely in the range of 4:1 to 3:1.

  1. Post-fire changes in net shortwave radiation along a latitudinal gradient in boreal North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y, Jin; Randerson, J T; Goulden, M L; Goetz, S J

    2012-01-01

    et al. (2003), Large forest fires in Canada, 1959–1997, J.of an intensifying fire regime on Alaskan boreal forestLamberty, B. , et al. (2007), Fire as the dominant driver of

  2. Effects of Large Volcanic Eruptions on Global Summer Climate and East Asian Monsoon Changes during the Last Millennium: Analysis of MPI-ESM Simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phipps, Steven J.

    the scattering of incoming solar radiation by aerosol particles produces an increase of the fraction of solar for Meteorology. The model was driven by up-to-date reconstructions of external forcing, including natural forcing (solar and volcanic) and anthropogenic forcing (land-cover change and greenhouse gases). Cooling

  3. www.bitmix.co.ui .NET DEVELOPMENT LEAD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kasparian, Azniv

    iCt www.bitmix.co.ui .NET DEVELOPMENT LEAD We are looking for motivated, positive team players. Responsibilities: - Lead development of an innovative set of services and tools in the mobile space; - Be ready to lead on all angles, including people, process, and technology; - Get the best from a true team

  4. Logistical quality of service in NetSolve , H. Casanovaa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dongarra, Jack

    Logistical quality of service in NetSolve M. Becka , H. Casanovaa , J. Dongarraa,*, T. Moorea , J logistical Quality of Service (logistical QoS). The concept of logistical QoS is a generalization to innovate. Our project focuses on the development of logistical QoS as enabling network functionality

  5. Causal Nets: A Modeling Language Tailored Towards Process Discovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Aalst, Wil

    Causal Nets: A Modeling Language Tailored Towards Process Discovery W.M.P. van der Aalst, A focusing on the interplay between event logs (observed behavior) and process models. Process discovery Eindhoven, The Netherlands. {W.M.P.v.d.Aalst,A.Adriansyah,B.F.v.Dongen}@tue.nl Abstract. Process discovery

  6. Net-Zero Campus at University of California, Davis

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    With the help of $2.5 million in U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) funding, the University of California, Davis (UC Davis) built a net-zero community on its 130-acre West Village campus that provides housing for approximately 3,000 people in 662 apartments and 343 single-family homes.

  7. NON-DOUBLE-COUPLE EARTHQUAKES: NET FORCES AND UNCERTAINTIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foulger, G. R.

    is to hydraulic fracturing in geothermal and gas-shale reservoirs. The source mechanisms of microearthquakes) waves cannot resolve sources such as vertical dipoles. When source mechanisms include net forces, even, geothermal area. #12;Figure: Left pair: Radiation patterns of elastic compressional waves (left) and shear

  8. Comparison of Hybrid Systems and Fluid Stochastic Petri Nets \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tuffin, Bruno

    Comparison of Hybrid Systems and Fluid Stochastic Petri Nets \\Lambda Bruno Tuffin , Dong S. Chen Engineering Duke University, Durham, NC 27708­0291, U.S.A. Abstract. Hybrid Systems are models of interacting digital and continuous devices with applications in the control of aircraft, computers, or modern cars

  9. CellNet: Network Biology Applied to Stem Cell Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, James J.

    developed CellNet, a network biology platform that more accurately assesses the fidelity of cellular a platform for quantifying how closely engineered cell populations resemble their target cell type to cells resembling myoblasts (Davis et al., 1987), motor neurons (Vierbuchen et al., 2010), car

  10. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Quantification of net primary production of Chinese

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Tonglin

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Quantification of net primary production of Chinese forest ecosystems with spatial while large datasets of in-situ observed NPP are available for Chinese forest ecosystems. Here we use, and the information of climate and topography to estimate Chinese forest NPP and their associated uncertainties

  11. Towards Discovering Data Center Genome Using Sensor Nets Microsoft Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amir, Yair

    Towards Discovering Data Center Genome Using Sensor Nets Jie Liu Microsoft Research One Microsoft en- ergy consumption. Improving data center energy efficiency is a pressing issue with significant data center cooling and energy con- sumption. However, typical data centers lack effective fine

  12. Process Efficiency Measurements in the Laser Engineered Net Shaping Process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DuPont, John N.

    Process Efficiency Measurements in the Laser Engineered Net Shaping Process R.R. UNOCIC and J.N. DuPONT A study of laser energy transfer efficiency, melting efficiency, and deposition efficiency has been material. Measurements revealed that laser energy transfer efficiency ranged from 30 to 50 pct. Laser beam

  13. Methods Note/ Net Recharge vs. Depth to Groundwater

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szilagyi, Jozsef

    Methods Note/ Net Recharge vs. Depth to Groundwater Relationship in the Platte River Valley rates were correlated with depth to groundwater (d) values in the wide alluvial valley of the Platte soils with a shallow groundwater table. The transition depth (dt) between negative and positive values

  14. Semantic Sensor Net: An Extensible Framework Lionel M. Ni1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Yunhao

    (MEMS) have led to the wide deployment of large-scale wireless sensor networks (WSN), which promisesSemantic Sensor Net: An Extensible Framework Lionel M. Ni1 , Yanmin Zhu1 , Jian Ma1 , Minglu Li2-ml@cs.sjtu.edu.cn Abstract. Existing approaches for sensor networks suffer from a number of critical drawbacks. First

  15. Using GeoWordNet for Geographical Information Retrieval

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosso, Paolo

    - ambiguated and assigned their coordinates on the world map. Documents are first searched for by means of a term-based search method, and then re-ranked according to the geographical information. The results knowledge at keyword level in the Lucene1 search engine, focusing on the use of the WordNet [3] ontology

  16. ERDCTR-14-2 Army Net Zero Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    that a number of materials currently landfilled are suitable for composting, including: vegetation, food wastes. Polk suggest a composting operation producing at least 2200 tons per year (from a food wasteERDCTR-14-2 Army Net Zero Program Composting Assessment for Organic Solid Waste at Fort Polk

  17. Estimation of Parameters in Carbon Sequestration Models from Net Ecosystem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Luther

    Estimation of Parameters in Carbon Sequestration Models from Net Ecosystem Exchange Data Luther in the context of a deterministic com- partmental carbon sequestration system. Sensitivity and approximation usefulness in the estimation of parameters within a compartmental carbon sequestration model. Previously we

  18. Commons as insurance: safety nets or poverty traps? Philippe Delacote

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langerhans, Brian

    Commons as insurance: safety nets or poverty traps? Philippe Delacote Economics Department, EUI. The aim of this paper is to consider the potential poverty-trap implications of this use. If the capacity, the introduction of an insurance scheme could be an exit to the poverty trap and relax pressure on the resource

  19. Casting polymer nets to optimize noisy molecular codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tlusty, Tsvi

    Casting polymer nets to optimize noisy molecular codes Tsvi Tlusty* Department of Physics noise may be understood from the sta- tistics of a two-dimensional network made of polymers. The noisy. The ``polymers'' are the boundaries between these regions, and their statistics define the cost and the quality

  20. NET-ZERO ENERGY BUILDING OPERATOR TRAINING PROGRAM (NZEBOT)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brizendine, Anthony; Byars, Nan; Sleiti, Ahmad; Gehrig, Bruce; Lu, Na

    2012-12-31

    The primary objective of the Net-Zero Energy Building Operator Training Program (NZEBOT) was to develop certificate level training programs for commercial building owners, managers and operators, principally in the areas of energy / sustainability management. The expected outcome of the project was a multi-faceted mechanism for developing the skill-based competency of building operators, owners, architects/engineers, construction professionals, tenants, brokers and other interested groups in energy efficient building technologies and best practices. The training program draws heavily on DOE supported and developed materials available in the existing literature, as well as existing, modified, and newly developed curricula from the Department of Engineering Technology & Construction Management (ETCM) at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte (UNC-Charlotte). The project goal is to develop a certificate level training curriculum for commercial energy and sustainability managers and building operators that: 1) Increases the skill-based competency of building professionals in energy efficient building technologies and best practices, and 2) Increases the workforce pool of expertise in energy management and conservation techniques. The curriculum developed in this project can subsequently be used to establish a sustainable energy training program that can contribute to the creation of new “green” job opportunities in North Carolina and throughout the Southeast region, and workforce training that leads to overall reductions in commercial building energy consumption. Three energy training / education programs were developed to achieve the stated goal, namely: 1. Building Energy/Sustainability Management (BESM) Certificate Program for Building Managers and Operators (40 hours); 2. Energy Efficient Building Technologies (EEBT) Certificate Program (16 hours); and 3. Energy Efficent Buildings (EEB) Seminar (4 hours). Training Program 1 incorporates the following topics in the primary five-day Building Energy/Sustainability Management Certificate program in five training modules, namely: 1) Strategic Planning, 2) Sustainability Audits, 3) Information Analysis, 4) Energy Efficiency, and 5) Communication. Training Program 2 addresses the following technical topics in the two-day Building Technologies workshop: 1) Energy Efficient Building Materials, 2) Green Roofing Systems, 3) Energy Efficient Lighting Systems, 4) Alternative Power Systems for Buildings, 5) Innovative Building Systems, and 6) Application of Building Performance Simulation Software. Program 3 is a seminar which provides an overview of elements of programs 1 and 2 in a seminar style presentation designed for the general public to raise overall public awareness of energy and sustainability topics.

  1. Microsoft PowerPoint - 06 Crawley Drive for Net Zero Energy Commercial...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    PROGRAM The Drive for Net-Zero Energy Commercial Buildings Drury B. Crawley, Ph.D. U.S. Department of Energy Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Net-Zero Energy Commercial...

  2. Microsoft PowerPoint - 06 Crawley Drive for Net Zero Energy Commercial...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    6 Crawley Drive for Net Zero Energy Commercial Buildings Microsoft PowerPoint - 06 Crawley Drive for Net Zero Energy Commercial Buildings Microsoft PowerPoint - 06 Crawley Drive...

  3. Reducing Data Center Loads for a Large-Scale, Net Zero Office...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Reducing Data Center Loads for a Large-Scale, Net Zero Office Building Reducing Data Center Loads for a Large-Scale, Net Zero Office Building Document describes the design,...

  4. New Zero Net-Energy Facility: A Test Bed for Home Efficiency...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    New Zero Net-Energy Facility: A Test Bed for Home Efficiency New Zero Net-Energy Facility: A Test Bed for Home Efficiency September 17, 2012 - 2:34pm Addthis Deputy Assistant...

  5. Fact #736: July 16, 2012 Total Petroleum Imports and Net Petroleum Imports: The Difference is Growing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    When referring to U.S. imports of petroleum, it is important to make the distinction between total imports and net imports. Net imports are equal to the amount of total imported petroleum minus the...

  6. Taxonomy of periodic nets and the design of materials Olaf Delgado-Friedrichs,a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yaghi, Omar M.

    Taxonomy of periodic nets and the design of materials Olaf Delgado-Friedrichs,a Michael O classification (taxonomy) of polyhedra and periodic nets that is appropriate for identifying the structures

  7. Tactical information management sys-tems increasingly run in net-centric

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tucci, Sara

    environment. For example, the Global Information Grid (GIG) is an ambitious net-centric environment being tactical information management in net-centric systems like the GIG ­ the OMG has adopted the DDS

  8. Fact #838: September 15, 2014 Net Imports of Petroleum were Only...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    8: September 15, 2014 Net Imports of Petroleum were Only 33% of U.S. Consumption in 2013 Fact 838: September 15, 2014 Net Imports of Petroleum were Only 33% of U.S. Consumption in...

  9. Continental-scale net radiation and evapotranspiration estimated using MODIS satellite observations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jin, Yufang; Randerson, James T.; Goulden, Michael L.

    2011-01-01

    1151. Priestley, C. H. , & Taylor, R. J. (1972). Assessment6 Mean ET, R net , Priestley–Taylor ?, and precipitation andbetween ET, R net , the Priestley–Taylor ? coef?cient, and

  10. Change Log

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAudits &BradburyMay 1,CenterJohnCeremony TheChallenges andChange LogChange

  11. Beam-energy and system-size dependence of dynamical net charge fluctuations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sakuma, Tai

    We present measurements of net charge fluctuations in Au+Au collisions at ?[subscript s[superscript [NN

  12. Ethnically diverse patients' perceptions of clinician computer use in a safety-net clinic.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ratanawongsa, Neda; Barton, Jennifer L; Schillinger, Dean; Yelin, Edward H; Hettema, Jennifer E; Lum, Paula J

    2013-01-01

    in a safety-net clinic Neda Ratanawongsa, MD, MPH JenniferFrancisco. Corresponding Author: Neda Ratanawongsa, MD, MPH

  13. EVOLUTIONARY CHANGE the evolution of change management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Emmerich, Michael

    page 1 EVOLUTIONARY CHANGE the evolution of change management by Jeroen van der Zon University, evolutionary change is studied by describing the evolution of Change Manage- ment (CM). CM is one . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 3 Modelling Change Management

  14. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 56795692, 2014 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/14/5679/2014/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    and the local net energy balance is close to zero. These clouds in turn can cool the climate system more than a positive contribution on the local net energy balance. At the same time, their albedo is small becauseAtmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 5679­5692, 2014 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/14/5679/2014/ doi:10.5194/acp-14

  15. High Performance Indoor Air Quality Specification for Net Zero Energy Homes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    High Performance Indoor Air Quality Specification for Net Zero Energy Homes White + GreenSpec SHEET PHOTOVOLTAIC PANELS #12;High Performance Indoor Air Quality Specification for Net Zero Energy Homes NIST GCR 14 Division provides scientific leadership to help the U.S. achieve its vision of net zero energy (NZE

  16. A Dynamic and Context-Driven Benchmarking Framework for Zero-Net-Energy Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pala, Nezih

    A Dynamic and Context-Driven Benchmarking Framework for Zero-Net- Energy Buildings Youngcheol Kang1 a significant portion of energy produced in the United States. In order to achieve Zero-Net-Energy (ZNE, there have been various efforts to design and develop zero-net-energy (ZNE) buildings. A ZNE building

  17. Net Energy Costs of Skylights Peter Kleinhenz, Rizwan Syed, and Kelly Kissock,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kissock, Kelly

    per square foot of floor area per year using average 2005 industrial energy costs. Net cooling energyNet Energy Costs of Skylights Peter Kleinhenz, Rizwan Syed, and Kelly Kissock, University of Dayton, it is also useful to consider the net energy costs associated with skylights. This paper describes

  18. Decentralized Control of Petri Nets Technical Report of the ISIS Group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antsaklis, Panos

    Decentralized Control of Petri Nets Technical Report of the ISIS Group at the University of Notre Dame ISIS-2002-005 October, 2002 Marian V. Iordache and Panos J. Antsaklis Department of Electrical Nets," ISIS Technical Report ISIS-2002- 005, October 2002. #12;Decentralized Control of Petri Nets

  19. Petri Nets are a Biologist's Best Friend Nicola Bonzanni1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fokkink, Wan

    networks. In this paper, we propose a novel Petri net representation, tightly designed around the classic of a stem cell population. Keywords: Petri nets, biology, gene regulatory networks 1 Introduction CancerPetri Nets are a Biologist's Best Friend Nicola Bonzanni1,2 , Anton Feenstra1 , Wan Fokkink1

  20. On Testing 1-Safe Petri Nets Guy-Vincent Jourdan, Gregor v. Bochmann

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jourdan, Guy-Vincent

    . free-choice Petri nets are also useful to model for example flows in networks of processorsOn Testing 1-Safe Petri Nets Guy-Vincent Jourdan, Gregor v. Bochmann School of Information popular formal model of Petri Nets is seldom mentioned in this context. In this paper, we look

  1. Two levels interchange format in XML for Petri Nets and other graph-based formalisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gribaudo, Marco

    to describe Petri Nets and other graph-based formalisms such as queueing networks and Markov chains. TwoTwo levels interchange format in XML for Petri Nets and other graph-based formalisms Andrea Valente to model Petri Nets and other graph based model speci cation formalismsis presented. In particular

  2. A Concurrency-Preserving Translation from Time Petri Nets to Networks of Timed Automata

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doyen, Laurent

    A Concurrency-Preserving Translation from Time Petri Nets to Networks of Timed Automata Sandie time Petri nets (TPN) [17] and networks of timed automata (NTA) [3]. These formalisms have different}@lsv.ens-cachan.fr Abstract--Real-time distributed systems may be modeled in different formalisms such as time Petri nets (TPN

  3. Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors of Low-Back Pain in Textile Fishing Net Manufacturing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaber, David B.

    Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors of Low-Back Pain in Textile Fishing Net Manufacturing, for a population of fishing net assembly workers. LBP is a serious problem in manual work with high prevalence and affects worker absenteeism. A cross-sectional survey study was conducted among textile fish net industrial

  4. Petri Nets and the Real World Ekkart Kindler and Frank Nillies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kindler, Ekkart

    extended Petri nets by a simple but powerful concept for interactively animating systems as a 3D the simulation of tokens of the Petri net with these objects in the virtual 3D-world. In this paper, we take of the real world. This way, a Petri net can be used as a controller of some plant. In principle, this idea

  5. CyberNET is a research infrastructure that enables cybersecurity scientists and engineers to rigorously develop,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Objective CyberNET is a research infrastructure that enables cybersecurity scientists and engineers a three-pronged approach to solving the identified problems. First, the CyberNET research infrastructure interactions. #12;September 2014 PNNL-SA-105343 Achievements · Stood up the CyberNET research infrastructure

  6. HOW TO FORMAT PHOTOS FOR PUBLICATION 1. Start Paint.net

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    HOW TO FORMAT PHOTOS FOR PUBLICATION 1. Start Paint.net 2. Open your photo by selecting FILE, OPEN. You photo will appear in the PAINT. NET screen 3. At the top of the window, click the IMAGE link. 4 should still be visible in PAINT.NET. If not, reopen it. All THUMBNAILS should be sized to 85x85 pixels

  7. CP nets: representing and reasoning with preferences of multiple agents F. Rossi and K. B. Venable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walsh, Toby

    CP nets: representing and reasoning with preferences of multiple agents F. Rossi and K. B introduce £ CP nets, an extension of the CP net formal- ism to model and handle the qualitative and conditional pref- erences of multiple agents. We give a number of different semantics for reasoning with £ CP

  8. TriopusNet: Automating Wireless Sensor Network Deployment and Replacement in Pipeline Monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chu, Hao-hua

    TriopusNet: Automating Wireless Sensor Network Deployment and Replacement in Pipeline Monitoring sensor net- work system for autonomous sensor deployment in pipeline monitoring. TriopusNet works by automatically releasing sensor nodes from a centralized repository located at the source of the water pipeline

  9. Tracing Genealogical Data with TimeNets Nam Wook Kim, Stuart K. Card, Jeffrey Heer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heer, Jeffrey

    Tracing Genealogical Data with TimeNets Nam Wook Kim, Stuart K. Card, Jeffrey Heer Computer ScienceNets, a new visualization technique for ge- nealogical data. Most genealogical diagrams prioritize the display Interfaces Keywords: Visualization, genealogy, timelines, TimeNets INTRODUCTION The combination of networking

  10. CINEMA: Columbia InterNet Extensible Multimedia Architecture Kundan Singh, Wenyu Jiang, Jonathan Lennox, Sankaran Narayanan and Henning Schulzrinne

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CINEMA: Columbia InterNet Extensible Multimedia Architecture Kundan Singh, Wenyu Jiang, Jonathan and implementation of our Internet telephony system CINEMA (Columbia InterNet Extensible Multimedia Architecture

  11. Essays on climate change, energy, and independence 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Comerford, David

    2013-11-27

    This thesis contains three separate papers. A balance of questions: what can we ask of climate change economics? is a critical analysis of the economics of climate change literature. It concludes that much more research ...

  12. Climate Change 2007: Mitigation of Climate Change.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schiavon, Stefano; Zecchin, Roberto

    2007-01-01

    2007: Mitigation of Climate Change. Full report. WorkingIntergovernmental Panel on Climate Change www.webcda.it LaIntergovernmental Panel on Climate Change”. Il Rapporto

  13. RESEARCH Open Access Spatial variation of net radiation and its

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Jiquan

    and decreased by 4 W m-2 at night in the unclipped treatments. Net radiation decreased by 25 W m-2 (6% of Rn treatments. The Rn was lower by 11­21 W m-2 (~20­40% of Rn) measured by CNR1 than by Q7.1 at night, while is the sensible heat flux, LE is the latent heat flux, G is the soil heat flux, Q is the sum of other heat fluxes

  14. Instructions for Submitting Documents to OpenNet

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematics AndBeryllium Disease | Department of0 Inspection Report: IG-08201Submitting Documents to OpenNet

  15. Deep sea tests of a prototype of the KM3NeT digital optical module

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adrián-Martínez, S; Aharonian, F; Aiello, S; Albert, A; Ameli, F; Anassontzis, E G; Anghinolfi, M; Anton, G; Anvar, S; Ardid, M; de Asmundis, R; Band, H; Barbarino, G; Barbarito, E; Barbato, F; Baret, B; Baron, S; Belias, A; Berbee, E; Berg, A M van den; Berkien, A; Bertin, V; Beurthey, S; van Beveren, V; Beverini, N; Biagi, S; Bianucci, S; Billault, M; Birbas, A; Rookhuizen, H Boer; Bormuth, R; Bouche, V; Bouhadef, B; Bourlis, G; Bouwhuis, M; Bozza, C; Bruijn, R; Brunner, J; Cacopardo, G; Caillat, L; Calamai, M; Calvo, D; Capone, A; Caramete, L; Caruso, F; Cecchini, S; Ceres, A; Cereseto, R; Champion, C; Chateau, F; Chiarusi, T; Christopoulou, B; Circella, M; Classen, L; Cocimano, R; Colonges, S; Coniglione, R; Cosquer, A; Costa, M; Coyle, P; Creusot, A; Curtil, C; Cuttone, G; D'Amato, C; D'Amico, A; De Bonis, G; De Rosa, G; Deniskina, N; Destelle, J -J; Distefano, C; Donzaud, C; Dornic, D; Dorosti-Hasankiadeh, Q; Drakopoulou7, E; Drouhin, D; Drury, L; Durand, D; Eberl, T; Eleftheriadis, C; Elsaesser, D; Enzenhofer, A; Fermani, P; Fusco, L A; Gajana, D; Gal, T; Galata, S; Gallo, F; Garufi, F; Gebyehu, M; Giordano, V; Gizani, N; Ruiz, R Gracia; Graf, K; Grasso, R; Grella, G; Grmek, A; Habel, R; van Haren, H; Heid, T; Heijboer, A; Heine, E; Henry, S; Hernandez-Rey, J J; Herold, B; Hevinga, M A; van der Hoek, M; Hofestadt, J; Hogenbirk, J; Hugon, C; Hosl, J; Imbesi, M; James, C; Jansweijer, P; Jochum, J; de Jong, M; Kadler, M; Kalekin, O; Kappes, A; Kappos, E; Katz, U; Kavatsyuk, O; Keller, P; Kieft, G; Koffeman, E; Kok, H; Kooijman, P; Koopstra, J; Korporaal, A; Kouchner, A; Koutsoukos, S; Kreykenbohm, I; Kulikovskiy, V; Lahmann, R; Lamare, P; Larosa, G; Lattuada, D; Provost, H Le; Leisos, A; Lenis, D; Leonora, E; Clark, M Lindsey; Liolios, A; Alvarez, C D Llorens; Lohner, H; Presti, D Lo; Louis, F; Maccioni, E; Mannheim, K; Manolopoulos, K; Margiotta, A; Maris, O; Markou, C; Martinez-Mora, J A; Martini, A; Masullo, R; Michael, T; Migliozzi, P; Migneco, E; Miraglia, A; Mollo, C; Mongelli, M; Morganti, M; Mos, S; Moudden, Y; Musico, P; Musumeci, M; Nicolaou, C; Nicolau, C A; Orlando, A; Orzelli, A; Papageorgiou, K; Papaikonomou, A; Papaleo, R; Pavalas, G E; Peek, H; Pellegrino, C; Pellegriti, M G; Perrina, C; Petridou, C; Piattelli, P; Popa, V; Pradier, Th; Priede, M; Puhlhofer, G; Pulvirenti, S; Racca, C; Raffaelli, F; Randazzo, N; Rapidis, P A; Razis, P; Real, D; Resvanis, L; Reubelt, J; Riccobene, G; Rovelli, A; Royon, J; Saldana, M; Samtleben, D F E; Sanguineti, M; Santangelo, A; Sapienza, P; Savvidis, I; Schmelling, J; Schnabel, J; Sedita, M; Seitz, T; Sgura, I; Simeone, F; Siotis, I; Sipala, V; Solazzo, M; Spitaleri, A; Spurio, M; Steijger, J; Stolarczyk, T; Stransky, D; Taiuti, M; Terreni, G; Tezier, D; Theraube, S; Thompson, L F; Timmer, P; Trapierakis, H I; Trasatti, L; Trovato, A; Tselengidou, M; Tsirigotis, A; Tzamarias, S; Tzamariudaki, E; Vallage, B; Van Elewyck, V; Vermeulen, J; Vernin, P; Viola, S; Vivolo, D; Werneke, P; Wiggers, L; Wilms, J; de Wolf, E; van Wooning, R H L; Yatkin, K; Zachariadou, K; Zonca, E; Zornoza, J D; Zúñiga, J; Zwart, A

    2014-01-01

    The first prototype of a photo-detection unit of the future KM3NeT neutrino telescope has been deployed in the deep waters of the Mediterranean Sea. This digital optical module has a novel design with a very large photocathode area segmented by the use of 31 three inch photomultiplier tubes. It has been integrated in the ANTARES detector for in-situ testing and validation. This paper reports on the first months of data taking and rate measurements. The analysis results highlight the capabilities of the new module design in terms of background suppression and signal recognition. The directionality of the optical module enables the recognition of multiple Cherenkov photons from the same $^{40}$K decay and the localization bioluminescent activity in the neighbourhood. The single unit can cleanly identify atmospheric muons and provide sensitivity to the muon arrival directions.

  16. The origin of net electric currents in solar active regions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dalmasse, K; Démoulin, P; Kliem, B; Török, T; Pariat, E

    2015-01-01

    There is a recurring question in solar physics about whether or not electric currents are neutralized in active regions (ARs). This question was recently revisited using three-dimensional (3D) magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) numerical simulations of magnetic flux emergence into the solar atmosphere. Such simulations showed that flux emergence can generate a substantial net current in ARs. Another source of AR currents are photospheric horizontal flows. Our aim is to determine the conditions for the occurrence of net vs. neutralized currents with this second mechanism. Using 3D MHD simulations, we systematically impose line-tied, quasi-static, photospheric twisting and shearing motions to a bipolar potential magnetic field. We find that such flows: (1) produce both {\\it direct} and {\\it return} currents, (2) induce very weak compression currents - not observed in 2.5D - in the ambient field present in the close vicinity of the current-carrying field, and (3) can generate force-free magnetic fields with a net current...

  17. Moisture Flux Convergence in Regional and Global Climate Models: Implications for Droughts in the Southwestern United States Under Climate Change

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gao, Yanhong; Leung, Lai-Yung R.; Salathe, E.; Dominguez, Francina; Nijssen, Bart; Lettenmaier, D. P.

    2012-05-10

    The water cycle of the southwestern United States (SW) is dominated by winter storms that maintain a positive annual net precipitation. Analysis of the control and future climate from four pairs of regional and global climate models (RCMs and GCMs) shows that the RCMs simulate a higher fraction of transient eddy moisture fluxes because the hydrodynamic instabilities associated with flow over complex terrain are better resolved. Under global warming, this enables the RCMs to capture the response of transient eddies to increased atmospheric stability that allows more moisture to converge on the windward side of the mountains by blocking. As a result, RCMs simulate enhanced transient eddy moisture convergence in the SW compared to GCMs, although both robustly simulate drying due to enhanced moisture divergence by the divergent mean flow in a warmer climate. This enhanced convergence leads to reduced susceptibility to hydrological change in the RCMs compared to GCMs.

  18. Nonlinear principal component analysis by neural networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsieh, William

    Nonlinear principal component analysis by neural networks William W. Hsieh Oceanography oversimplification of the datasets being analyzed. The advent of neural network (NN) models, a class of powerful by a neural net- work model which nonlinearly generalizes the classical principal component analysis (PCA

  19. Nonlinear principal component analysis by neural networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsieh, William

    Nonlinear principal component analysis by neural networks William W. Hsieh Oceanography a potential oversimplification of the datasets being analyzed. The advent of neural network (NN) models by a neural net­ work model which nonlinearly generalizes the classical principal component analysis (PCA

  20. Change Number

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D BGene Network ShapingDate: M-16-04-04 Federal FacilityChange Number

  1. Change Number

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 OutreachProductswsicloudwsiclouddenDVA N C E D BGene Network ShapingDate: M-16-04-04 Federal FacilityChange

  2. CS Chang

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAudits &BradburyMay 1, 2013, 4:15pmEnergyNovemberCompute 1CS Chang CS

  3. Change Log

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News PublicationsAudits &BradburyMay 1,CenterJohnCeremony TheChallenges andChange Log

  4. Digenetic Changes in Macro- to Nano-Scale Porosity in the St. Peter Sandstone:L An (Ultra) Small Angle Neutron Scattering and Backscattered Electron Imagining Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anovitz, Lawrence {Larry} M [ORNL; Cole, David [Ohio State University; Rother, Gernot [ORNL; Allard Jr, Lawrence Frederick [ORNL; Jackson, Andrew [NIST Center for Neutron Research (NCRN), Gaithersburg, MD; Littrell, Ken [ORNL

    2013-01-01

    Small- and Ultra-Small Angle Neutron Scattering (SANS and USANS) provide powerful tools for quantitative analysis of porous rocks, yielding bulk statistical information over a wide range of length scales. This study utilized (U)SANS to characterize shallowly buried quartz arenites from the St. Peter Sandstone. Backscattered electron imaging was also used to extend the data to larger scales. These samples contain significant volumes of large-scale porosity, modified by quartz overgrowths, and neutron scattering results show significant sub-micron porosity. While previous scattering data from sandstones suggest scattering is dominated by surface fractal behavior over many orders of magnitude, careful analysis of our data shows both fractal and pseudo-fractal behavior. The scattering curves are composed of subtle steps, modeled as polydispersed assemblages of pores with log-normal distributions. However, in some samples an additional surface-fractal overprint is present, while in others there is no such structure, and scattering can be explained by summation of non-fractal structures. Combined with our work on other rock-types, these data suggest that microporosity is more prevalent, and may play a much more important role than previously thought in fluid/rock interactions.

  5. Climate change and forests in India: note from the guest editors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ravindtranath, N.H.

    2011-01-01

    approaches to analysis of climate change impacts on forestsimpacts and adaptation to climate change in the forestABORATORY LBNL Pending Climate change and forests in India:

  6. Climate change and forests in India: note from the guest editors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ravindtranath, N.H.

    2011-01-01

    approaches to analysis of climate change impacts on forestsand adaptation to climate change in the forest sector.ABORATORY LBNL Pending Climate change and forests in India:

  7. Visualizing WordNet Structure Representations in WordNet are not on the level of individual words or word forms, but on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamps, Jaap

    Visualizing WordNet Structure Jaap Kamps Abstract Representations in WordNet are not on the level of individual words or word forms, but on the level of word meanings (lexemes). A word meaning, in turn, is characterized by simply listing the word forms that can be used to express it in a synonym set (synset

  8. Reconstruction 3-dimensional image from 2-dimensional image of status optical coherence tomography (OCT) for analysis of changes in retinal thickness

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arinilhaq,; Widita, Rena [Department of Physics, Nuclear Physics and Biophysics Research Group, Institut Teknologi Bandung (Indonesia)

    2014-09-30

    Optical Coherence Tomography is often used in medical image acquisition to diagnose that change due easy to use and low price. Unfortunately, this type of examination produces a two-dimensional retinal image of the point of acquisition. Therefore, this study developed a method that combines and reconstruct 2-dimensional retinal images into three-dimensional images to display volumetric macular accurately. The system is built with three main stages: data acquisition, data extraction and 3-dimensional reconstruction. At data acquisition step, Optical Coherence Tomography produced six *.jpg images of each patient were further extracted with MATLAB 2010a software into six one-dimensional arrays. The six arrays are combined into a 3-dimensional matrix using a kriging interpolation method with SURFER9 resulting 3-dimensional graphics of macula. Finally, system provides three-dimensional color graphs based on the data distribution normal macula. The reconstruction system which has been designed produces three-dimensional images with size of 481 × 481 × h (retinal thickness) pixels.

  9. Impact of Weight Change During the Course of Concurrent Chemoradiation Therapy on Outcomes in Stage IIIB Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Patients: Retrospective Analysis of 425 Patients

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Topkan, Erkan; Parlak, Cem; Selek, Ugur

    2013-11-15

    Purpose: We retrospectively investigated the impact of weight change (WC) during concurrent chemoradiation therapy (C-CRT) on clinical outcomes of stage 3B non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. Methods and Materials: A total of 425 patients treated with C-CRT were included. All patients received 60 to 66 Gy of thoracic radiation therapy concurrently with 1 to 3 cycles of platinum-based chemotherapy. Pre- and posttreatment weight measurements on first and last days of C-CRT were used for WC. Patients were divided into 2 groups: group 1 = weight loss (WL); group 2 = weight preservation/gain (WP) for comparative analyses. Results: Following C-CRT, 252 patients (59.3%) experienced WL, while 89 patients (20.9%) and 84 patients (19.8%) showed WP or WG. At median 24.2 months of follow-up, 142 patients (33.4%) were alive (84 WP [48.6%] and 58 WL [23.0%]), and 58 (13.6%) of them were free of disease progression (41 [23.7%] for WP and 17 [6.7%] for WL). Median overall survival (OS), locoregional progression-free survival (LRPFS), progression-free survival (PFS), and distant metastases-free survival (DMFS) for the entire population were 22.8, 14.4, 10.6, and 11.7 months, respectively. Intergroup comparisons between WP and WL cohorts revealed significantly superior OS, LRPFS, PFS, and DMFS in WP patients (P<.05 for each). On multivariate analyses, only WL and advanced T stage were associated with poor prognosis (P<.05). Conclusions: Present results in 425 stage 3B NSCLC patients demonstrated that WL during C-CRT is strongly associated with inferior survival outcomes compared to WP. This emerging finding might be useful by forming an encouraging basis for future investigations in facilitating a way to improve the outcomes of these patients experiencing WL during C-CRT.

  10. North America's net terrestrial CO2 exchange with the atmosphere 1990–2009

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    King, Anthony W.; Andres, Robert; Davis, Kenneth J.; Hafer, M.; Hayes, Daniel J.; Huntzinger, Deborah N.; de Jong, Bernardus; Kurz, Werner; McGuire, A. David; Vargas, Rodrigo; et al

    2015-01-21

    Scientific understanding of the global carbon cycle is required for developing national and international policy to mitigate fossil fuel CO2 emissions by managing terrestrial carbon uptake. Toward that understanding and as a contribution to the REgional Carbon Cycle Assessment and Processes (RECCAP) project, this paper provides a synthesis of net land–atmosphere CO2 exchange for North America (Canada, United States, and Mexico) over the period 1990–2009. Only CO2 is considered, not methane or other greenhouse gases. This synthesis is based on results from three different methods: atmospheric inversion, inventory-based methods and terrestrial biosphere modeling. All methods indicate that the North Americanmore »land surface was a sink for atmospheric CO2, with a net transfer from atmosphere to land. Estimates ranged from -890 to -280 Tg C yr-1, where the mean of atmospheric inversion estimates forms the lower bound of that range (a larger land sink) and the inventory-based estimate using the production approach the upper (a smaller land sink). This relatively large range is due in part to differences in how the approaches represent trade, fire and other disturbances and which ecosystems they include. Integrating across estimates, \\"best\\" estimates (i.e., measures of central tendency) are -472 ± 281 Tg C yr-1 based on the mean and standard deviation of the distribution and -360 Tg C yr-1 (with an interquartile range of -496 to -337) based on the median. Considering both the fossil fuel emissions source and the land sink, our analysis shows that North America was, however, a net contributor to the growth of CO2 in the atmosphere in the late 20th and early 21st century. With North America's mean annual fossil fuel CO2 emissions for the period 1990–2009 equal to 1720 Tg C yr-1 and assuming the estimate of -472 Tg C yr-1 as an approximation of the true terrestrial CO2 sink, the continent's source : sink ratio for this time period was 1720:472, or nearly 4:1.« less

  11. ,"Weekly Blender Net Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Informationmonthly gasoline price to fall to $3.43U.S.longecReformulated GasolineSalesBlender Net

  12. ,"Weekly Refiner Net Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Informationmonthly gasoline price to fall to $3.43U.S.longecReformulated GasolineSalesBlender NetRefiner

  13. Numerical simulation of water flow around a rigid fishing net

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roger Lewandowski; Géraldine Pichot

    2006-12-20

    This paper is devoted to the simulation of the flow around and inside a rigid axisymmetric net. We describe first how experimental data have been obtained. We show in detail the modelization. The model is based on a Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes turbulence model penalized by a term based on the Brinkman law. At the out-boundary of the computational box, we have used a "ghost" boundary condition. We show that the corresponding variational problem has a solution. Then the numerical scheme is given and the paper finishes with numerical simulations compared with the experimental data.

  14. Fresnel reflection from a cavity with net roundtrip gain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mansuripur, Tobias S

    2013-01-01

    A planewave incident on an active etalon with net roundtrip gain may be expected to diverge in field amplitude, yet Maxwell's equations admit only a convergent solution. By examining a Gaussian beam obliquely incident on such a cavity, we find that the "side-tail" of the beam leaks into the cavity and gives rise to a field that interferes with the main portion of the beam, which is ultimately responsible for the convergence of the field. This mechanism offers perspective for many phenomena, and we specifically discuss the implications for amplified total internal reflection.

  15. HYDROGEN EFFECTS ON LASER ENGINEERED NET SHAPE (LENS) REPAIRED WELDMENTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Korinko, P; Thad Adams, T

    2006-10-06

    New methods of repairing mis-machined components are always of interest. In this study, an innovative method using Laser Engineered Net Shape{trademark} (LENS{reg_sign}) forming was used to repair intentionally mis-machined test articles. The components were repaired and subsequently hydrogen charged and burst tested. The LENS repair did not have an adverse effect on the solid state weld process that was used to repair the components. Hydrogen charged samples failed in a similar manner to the uncharged samples. Overall, the prospects for LENS repairing similar products are favorable and further work is encouraged.

  16. Table 6. Petroleum Net Imports, Projected vs. Actual

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Informationmonthly gasoline price toStocksU.S. shale gas plays: natural gasPetroleum Net Imports,

  17. Property:WinterPeakNetCpcty | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource HistoryPotentialRuralUtilityScalePVGeneration Jump to:SpatialResolutionWidth (m) Jump to:WinterPeakNetCpcty

  18. Net Power Technology NP Holdings or NPH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPI Ventures Ltd JumpNesjavellir Geothermal Power Station Jump to:County,Net

  19. ,"U.S. Blender Net Input"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative FuelsMonthly","10/2015"Monthly","10/2015" ,"ReleaseMonthly","10/2015"Net

  20. ARM - Time in ARM NetCDF Files

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Comments?govInstrumentsnoaacrnBarrow, AlaskaManus Site-Inactive TWP Related LinksgovDataTime in ARM NetCDF Files

  1. Net Requirements Transparency Process for Slice/Block Customers

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shinesSolar Photovoltaic(MillionNature and Origin What Certificates4, 2012 Net

  2. NREL: Technology Deployment - Net Zero Energy and Energy Security Measures

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines lightGeospatial ToolkitSMARTS -Being Replicated Across the Military Net

  3. Georgia Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969CentralWells (MillionProved% of TotalInput Supplemental FuelsNet

  4. Idaho Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969CentralWellsMillion Cubic Feet) Havre,1BureauImports (NoYearNet

  5. Illinois Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969CentralWellsMillion Cubic Feet)ThousandYear Jan Feb Mar AprNet

  6. Indiana Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969CentralWellsMillion CubicOctober 2015 Estimates%InputNet

  7. Iowa Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969CentralWellsMillion CubicOctoberperFeet) Year JanNet

  8. Louisiana Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963Residential Consumers (Number of33Cubic Foot)Year Jan Feb MarNet

  9. Maine Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963Residential2, 2014 MEMORANDUM FOR: JOHN CONTIPeterFeet)InputNet

  10. Maryland Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963Residential2, 2014 MEMORANDUM FOR:Decade Year-0 Year-1Net Withdrawals

  11. Alabama Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979Coal Consumers THURSDAY,ProvedFeet) YearYear JanNet

  12. Alaska Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979Coal Consumers4.32 4.46ProductionCrude%DecadeYearNet

  13. California Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979Coal4 Arizona -ProductionWetReservesCubic(NoNet

  14. Colorado Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979Coal4Cubic Feet) Gas WellsFoot)Year Jan FebNet

  15. Nebraska Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963Residential2,2,435,2226 (next release 2:00Decade Year-0Net Withdrawals

  16. Nevada Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963Residential2,2,435,2226 (nextNet Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)

  17. Oregon Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3+ LeaseWellhead%TexasCubicDecade%YearNet

  18. Missouri Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963Residential2, 2014Proved ReservesFoot) DecadeNet Withdrawals

  19. Tennessee Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)Decade Year-0 Year-1Plant Processing Definitions KeycontainsFeet)Year JanNet

  20. Texas Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)Decade Year-0 Year-1PlantSeparation,% of Total ResidentialYear Jan FebInputNet

  1. Wisconsin Natural Gas LNG Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)Decade Year-0ProvedDecade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2YearWesternYear Jan Feb Mar AprNet

  2. American PowerNet (Maine) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar Energy LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name:AmbataSkiesPowerNet (Maine) Jump

  3. Utah Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic Feet)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking WithTelecentric viewing system for light|Underground Storage Net

  4. Washington Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (Million Cubic

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking WithTelecentricN A 035(92/02) nergFeet) Underground Storage Net

  5. West Virginia Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (Million

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking WithTelecentricNCubic Feet) Underground Storage Net Withdrawals

  6. GEO NET Umweltconsulting GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavy ElectricalsFTL Solar JumpNetworkingGAOH Offshore JumpEnergyNET

  7. Los Alamos researcher nets Presidential Early Career Award

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesse BergkampCentermillion to local UnitedtoHOPE for radiationResearcher nets

  8. Aspinall Courthouse: GSA's Historic Preservation and Net-Zero Renovation Case Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chang, R.; Hayter, S.; Hotchkiss, E.; Pless, S.; Sielcken, J.; Smith-Larney, C.

    2014-10-01

    The federal government is mandated with improving efficiency of buildings, incorporating renewable energy, and achieving net-zero energy operations where possible. These challenges led GSA to consider aligning historic preservation renovations with net-zero energy goals. The Wayne N. Aspinall Federal Building and U.S. Courthouse (Aspinall Courthouse), in Grand Junction, Colorado, is an example of a renovation project that aimed to accomplish both historic preservation and net-zero energy goals.

  9. Net Energy Payback and CO{sub 2} Emissions from Three Midwestern Wind Farms: An Update

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    White, Scott W.

    2006-12-15

    This paper updates a life-cycle net energy analysis and carbon dioxide emissions analysis of three Midwestern utility-scale wind systems. Both the Energy Payback Ratio (EPR) and CO{sub 2} analysis results provide useful data for policy discussions regarding an efficient and low-carbon energy mix. The EPR is the amount of electrical energy produced for the lifetime of the power plant divided by the total amount of energy required to procure and transport the materials, build, operate, and decommission the power plants. The CO{sub 2} analysis for each power plant was calculated from the life-cycle energy input data.A previous study also analyzed coal and nuclear fission power plants. At the time of that study, two of the three wind systems had less than a full year of generation data to project the life-cycle energy production. This study updates the analysis of three wind systems with an additional four to eight years of operating data.The EPR for the utility-scale wind systems ranges from a low of 11 for a two-turbine system in Wisconsin to 28 for a 143-turbine system in southwestern Minnesota. The EPR is 11 for coal, 25 for fission with gas centrifuge enriched uranium and 7 for gaseous diffusion enriched uranium. The normalized CO{sub 2} emissions, in tonnes of CO{sub 2} per GW{sub e}h, ranges from 14 to 33 for the wind systems, 974 for coal, and 10 and 34 for nuclear fission using gas centrifuge and gaseous diffusion enriched uranium, respectively.

  10. Mission Net-Zero: Where are We Now and How Do We Get There? 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carpenter, S.

    2013-01-01

    /Motel 375 Nursing Homes 433 Hospital 672 Grocery Stores 783 But we want net-zero?. ESL-IC-13-10-55 Proceedings of the 13th International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Montreal, Quebec, October 8-11, 2013 Creating energy and resource... efficient buildings What is Net Zero? ? NREL definition of Net-Zero Building: ? ?offsets any imported energy by exporting an equal amount of site-derived energy, measured over the course of one year? EBN V14.10 ? How many net zero buildings...

  11. Results from MathSciNet: Mathematical Reviews on the Web c ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2004-05-14

    Results from MathSciNet: Mathematical Reviews on the Web c Copyright American Mathematical Society 2004. 99f:58223 58G99 53C20. Danielli, Donatella ...

  12. Results from MathSciNet: Mathematical Reviews on the Web c ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2004-05-14

    Results from MathSciNet: Mathematical Reviews on the Web c Copyright American Mathematical Society 2004. 93e:35020 35H05. Danielli, Donatella (1-

  13. Results from MathSciNet: Mathematical Reviews on the Web c ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2004-05-14

    Results from MathSciNet: Mathematical Reviews on the Web c Copyright American Mathematical Society 2004. 96b:35030 35H05. Capogna, L. (1-PURD);

  14. Results from MathSciNet: Mathematical Reviews on the Web c ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2004-05-14

    Results from MathSciNet: Mathematical Reviews on the Web c Copyright American Mathematical Society 2004. 2002f:46049 46E35 35H20. Danielli, Donatella ...

  15. ,"Plant","Primary Energy Source","Operating Company","Net Summer...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Pennsylvania" ,"Plant","Primary Energy Source","Operating Company","Net Summer Capacity (MW)" 1,"PPL Susquehanna","Nuclear","PPL Susquehanna LLC",2520 2,"FirstEnergy Bruce...

  16. ,"Plant","Primary Energy Source","Operating Company","Net Summer...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    United States" ,"Plant","Primary Energy Source","Operating Company","Net Summer Capacity (MW)" 1,"Grand Coulee","Hydroelectric","U S Bureau of Reclamation",7079 2,"Palo...

  17. The Impact of Rate Design and Net Metering on the Bill Savings...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    The Impact of Rate Design and Net Metering on the Bill Savings from Distributed Photovoltaics (PV) for Residential Customers in California Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary...

  18. Kaolin in the net-like horizon of laterite in Hubei, south China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Zhaohui

    , halloysite, goethite and minor illite, whereas the white net-like veins contain mostly quartz, kaolinite, whereas yellow spots contain concentrations of kaolinite and goethite (Ambrosi & Nahon, 1986

  19. AWM-NET: WELCOME TO THE CONVERSATION! Dianne O'Leary ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WELCOME TO THE CONVERSATION! Dianne O'Leary Computer Science Department University of Maryland. Introduction. AWM-Net is an electronic mail forum ...

  20. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Moves toward Net-Zero Buildings (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-12-01

    This fact sheet is an overview of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's net-zero energy visitor's center at the Assabet River National Wildlife.

  1. The Economic Value of PV and Net Metering to Residential Customers in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darghouth, Naim

    2010-01-01

    Beck. “Distributed Renewable Energy Operating Impacts andGolden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 2009.State Incentives for Renewable Energy). “Map of Net Metering

  2. Community Renewable Energy Success Stories Webinar: Net Zero Energy Communities (text version)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Below is the text version of the Webinar titled "Community Renewable Energy Success Stories – Net Zero Energy Communities," originally presented on October 16, 2012.

  3. Status of the KM3NeT project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Margiotta, A

    2014-01-01

    KM3NeT is a deep-sea research infrastructure being constructed in the Mediterranean Sea. It will be installed at three sites: KM3NeT-Fr, offshore Toulon, France, KM3NeT-It, offshore Portopalo di Capo Passero, Sicily (Italy) and KM3NeT-Gr, offshore Pylos, Peloponnese, Greece. It will host the next generation Cherenkov neutrino telescope and nodes for a deep sea multidisciplinary observatory, providing oceanographers, marine biologists, and geophysicists with real time measurements. The neutrino telescope will search for Galactic and extra-Galactic sources of neutrinos, complementing IceCube in its field of view. The detector will have a modular structure and consists of six building blocks, each including about one hundred Detection Units (DUs). Each DU will be equipped with 18 multi-PMT digital optical modules. The first phase of construction has started and shore and deep-sea infrastructures hosting the future KM3NeT detector are being prepared in France near Toulon and in Italy, near Capo Passero in Sicily....

  4. Method of assembly of molecular-sized nets and scaffolding

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Michl, Josef (Boulder, CO); Magnera, Thomas F. (Louisville, CO); David, Donald E. (Boulder, CO); Harrison, Robin M. (Boulder, CO)

    1999-01-01

    The present invention relates to methods and starting materials for forming molecular-sized grids or nets, or other structures based on such grids and nets, by creating molecular links between elementary molecular modules constrained to move in only two directions on an interface or surface by adhesion or bonding to that interface or surface. In the methods of this invention, monomers are employed as the building blocks of grids and more complex structures. Monomers are introduced onto and allowed to adhere or bond to an interface. The connector groups of adjacent adhered monomers are then polymerized with each other to form a regular grid in two dimensions above the interface. Modules that are not bound or adhered to the interface are removed prior to reaction of the connector groups to avoid undesired three-dimensional cross-linking and the formation of non-grid structures. Grids formed by the methods of this invention are useful in a variety of applications, including among others, for separations technology, as masks for forming regular surface structures (i.e., metal deposition) and as templates for three-dimensional molecular-sized structures.

  5. Method of assembly of molecular-sized nets and scaffolding

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Michl, J.; Magnera, T.F.; David, D.E.; Harrison, R.M.

    1999-03-02

    The present invention relates to methods and starting materials for forming molecular-sized grids or nets, or other structures based on such grids and nets, by creating molecular links between elementary molecular modules constrained to move in only two directions on an interface or surface by adhesion or bonding to that interface or surface. In the methods of this invention, monomers are employed as the building blocks of grids and more complex structures. Monomers are introduced onto and allowed to adhere or bond to an interface. The connector groups of adjacent adhered monomers are then polymerized with each other to form a regular grid in two dimensions above the interface. Modules that are not bound or adhered to the interface are removed prior to reaction of the connector groups to avoid undesired three-dimensional cross-linking and the formation of non-grid structures. Grids formed by the methods of this invention are useful in a variety of applications, including among others, for separations technology, as masks for forming regular surface structures (i.e., metal deposition) and as templates for three-dimensional molecular-sized structures. 9 figs.

  6. Sensitivity of global-scale climate change attribution results to inclusion of fossil fuel black carbon aerosol - article no. L14701

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, G.S.; Jones, A.; Roberts, D.L.; Stott, P.A.; Williams, K.D.

    2005-07-16

    It is likely that greenhouse gas emissions caused most of the global mean warming observed during the 20th century, and that sulphate aerosols counteracted this warming to some extent, by reflecting solar radiation to space and thereby cooling the planet. However, the importance of another aerosol, namely black carbon, could be underestimated. Here we include fossil fuel black carbon aerosol in a detection and attribution analysis with greenhouse gas and sulphate aerosols. We find that most of the warming of the 20th Century is attributable to changes in greenhouse gases offset by net aerosol cooling. However the pattern of temperature change due to black carbon is currently indistinguishable from the sulphate aerosol pattern of temperature change. The attribution of temperature change due to greenhouse gases is not sensitive to the inclusion of black carbon. We can be confident about the overall attribution of total aerosols, but less so about the contributions of black carbon emissions to 20th century climate change. This work presents no evidence that black carbon aerosol forcing outweighed the cooling due to sulphate aerosol.

  7. Sandia Energy - Analysis

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Climate Change Is the Subject of a New Book Analysis, Climate, Global Climate & Energy, Monitoring, News, News & Events, Sensing, Sensing & Monitoring, Water Security Climate...

  8. 1DANGEROUS CLIMATE CHANGE IN BRAZIL Dangerous Climate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1DANGEROUS CLIMATE CHANGE IN BRAZIL Dangerous Climate A BrAzil-UK AnAlysis of ClimAte ChAnge And deforestAtion impACts in the AmAzon Change in Brazil #12;3DANGEROUS CLIMATE CHANGE IN BRAZIL April 2011Alysis of ClimAte ChAnge And deforestAtion impACts in the AmAzon Change in Brazil #12;4 DANGEROUS CLIMATE CHANGE

  9. Review: Global Climate Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Jennifer

    2013-01-01

    introduction to global climate change, the greenhouseReview: Global Climate Change: A Primer By Orrin H PilkeyPilkey, Keith C. Global Climate Change: a primer. Durham,

  10. Apportioning Climate Change Costs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farber, Daniel A.

    2008-01-01

    Apportioning Climate Change Costs Daniel A. Farber* I. II.ON CLIMATE CHANGE FOUR QUESTIONS ABOUTof how to respond to climate change. Most public attention

  11. MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Change Science (CGCS) and the Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research (CEEPR). These two, and political forces that drive emissions, and to the results of international agreements and mitigation damages occur in the eastern U.S., Europe, and eastern China, with reductions in Net Primary Production

  12. Impacts of land use change due to biofuel crops on carbon balance, bioenergy production, and agricultural

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhuang, Qianlai

    Impacts of land use change due to biofuel crops on carbon balance, bioenergy production that biofuel crops have much higher net pri- mary production (NPP) than soybean and wheat crops. When food). Global biofuel production has increased dramatically in the last decade, especially in United States

  13. Quantifying Climate Feedbacks from Abrupt Changes in High-Latitude Trace-Gas Emissions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Qianlai Zhuang

    2012-11-16

    During the three-year project period, Purdue University has specifically accomplished the following: revised the existing Methane Dynamics Model (MDM) to consider the effects of changes of atmospheric pressure; applied the methane dynamics model (MDM) to Siberian region to demonstrate that ebullition estimates could increase previous estimates of regional terrestrial CH{sub 4} emissions 3- to 7-fold in Siberia; Conducted an analysis of the carbon balance of the Arctic Basin from 1997 to 2006 to show that terrestrial areas of the Arctic were a net source of 41.5 Tg CH{sub 4} yr{sup â??1} that increased by 0.6 Tg CH{sub 4} yr{sup â??1} during the decade of analysis, a magnitude that is comparable with an atmospheric inversion of CH{sub 4}; improved the quantification of CH{sub 4} fluxes in the Arctic with inversion methods; evaluated AIRS CH4 retrieval data with a transport and inversion model and surface flux and aircraft data; to better quantify methane emissions from wetlands, we extended the MDM within a biogeochemistry model, the Terrestrial Ecosystem Model (TEM), to include a large-scale hydrology model, the variable infiltration capacity (VIC) model; more recently, we developed a single box atmospheric chemistry model involving atmospheric methane (CH{sub 4}), carbon monoxide (CO) and radical hydroxyl (OH) to analyze atmospheric CH{sub 4} concentrations from 1984 to 2008.

  14. Running Head: Hyperspecificity, Autism, and Neural Nets The Basis of Hyperspecificity in Autism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McClelland, James L. "Jay"

    1 Running Head: Hyperspecificity, Autism, and Neural Nets The Basis of Hyperspecificity in Autism)-268-5060 (Fax) #12;Hyperspecificity, Autism, and Neural Nets 2 Abstract This article reviews a few key ideas to address one aspect of autism, namely the apparent hyperspecificity that is often seen in autistic children

  15. Predicting and mitigating the net greenhouse gas emissions of crop rotations in Western Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    balance; Agro-ecosystem model; CERES-EGC; Bayesian calibration; Green- house gases; Nitrous oxidePredicting and mitigating the net greenhouse gas emissions of crop rotations in Western Europe gases (GHG) con- tributing to net greenhouse gas balance of agro-ecosystems. Evaluating the impact

  16. Beam-Energy and System-Size Dependence of Dynamical Net Charge Fluctuations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharma, Monika

    2008-01-01

    We present measurements of net charge fluctuations in $Au + Au$ collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}} = $ 19.6, 62.4, 130, and 200 GeV, $Cu + Cu$ collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}} = $ 62.4, 200 GeV, and $p + p$ collisions at $\\sqrt{s} = $ 200 GeV using the net charge dynamical fluctuations measure $\

  17. Thesis: Modeling and Evaluation of the NIST Net Zero Energy Residential Test Facility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    ;Motivation · The residential sector consumes over 20% of the total energy use in the U.S. · Net zero energy buildings reduce energy consumption and reduce dependence on non- renewable energy sources. · As interestThesis: Modeling and Evaluation of the NIST Net Zero Energy Residential Test Facility Liz Balke M

  18. The net carbon footprint of a newly created boreal hydroelectric reservoir

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The net carbon footprint of a newly created boreal hydroelectric reservoir Cristian R. Teodoru,1 of a boreal hydroelectric reservoir (Eastmain-1 in northern Québec, Canada). This is the result of a large. Citation: Teodoru, C. R., et al. (2012), The net carbon footprint of a newly created boreal hydroelectric

  19. From the Process Hitting to Petri Nets and Back Loc Paulev1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    From the Process Hitting to Petri Nets and Back Loïc Paulevé1 , Morgan Magnin2 , Olivier Roux2 1 of the Process Hitting (, L, H) into a Petri Net with read arcs is given by PN(, L, H) (Def. 3). Basically, each

  20. John Rosenblum, roseenveng@sbcglobal.net 1 REDUCING GREENHOUSE GAS IMPACTS IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keller, Arturo A.

    @sbcglobal.net 8 2005 Water-Related Unit Energy Costs for Santa Rosa's Urban Water Cycle $410 #12;John RosenblumREDUCED GHG Reductions from Energy Efficiency Projects in the Wastewater System #12;John Rosenblum, roseenveng@sbcglobal.net MEETING GHG TARGETS IN THE URBAN WATER CYCLE REQUIRES IMPROVING CUSTOMERS' WATER/ENERGY

  1. Parametrization for chemical freeze-out conditions from net-charge fluctuations measured at RHIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Bluhm; P. Alba; W. Alberico; R. Bellwied; V. Mantovani Sarti; M. Nahrgang; C. Ratti

    2014-12-18

    We discuss details of our thermal model applied to extract chemical freeze-out conditions from fluctuations in the net-electric charge and net-proton number measured at RHIC. A parametrization for these conditions as a function of the beam energy is given.

  2. Applying an ObjectOriented Petri Net Language to Heterogeneous Systems Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esser, Robert

    Applying an Object­Oriented Petri Net Language to Heterogeneous Systems Design Robert Esser ESEC SA and Networks Laboratory Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Zurich, Switzerland {janneck, naedele and data or material flow dominated parts. The language consists of a class of high level time Petri nets

  3. Energy Modeling of Processors in Wireless Sensor Networks based on Petri Nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Yifeng

    Energy Modeling of Processors in Wireless Sensor Networks based on Petri Nets Ali Shareef, Yifeng, zhu }@eece.maine.edu Abstract Power minimization is a serious issue in wireless sensor networks are needed. This paper demonstrates that Petri nets are a viable option of modeling a processor. In fact

  4. From Logical Regulatory Graphs to Standard Petri Nets: Dynamical Roles and Functionality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Provence Aix-Marseille I, Université de

    From Logical Regulatory Graphs to Standard Petri Nets: Dynamical Roles and Functionality Marseille Cedex 9, France fchaouiya, thieffryg@ibdm.univ-mrs.fr Abstract. Logical modelling and Petri nets constitute two complemen- tary approaches for the dynamical modelling of biological regulatory networks

  5. Designing Reversibility-Enforcing Supervisors of Polynomial Complexity for Bounded Petri Nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reveliotis, Spiridon "Spyros"

    Designing Reversibility-Enforcing Supervisors of Polynomial Complexity for Bounded Petri Nets Samsung Networks Inc. jin young.choi@samsung.com Abstract. This paper proposes an analytical method for the synthesis of reversibility-enforcing supervisors for bounded Petri nets. The proposed method builds upon

  6. Admissible Decentralized Control of Petri Nets Marian V. Iordache and Panos J. Antsaklis1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antsaklis, Panos

    naturally in a vari- ety of applications, such as manufacturing systems and communication networks. PetriAdmissible Decentralized Control of Petri Nets Marian V. Iordache and Panos J. Antsaklis1 control of Petri nets. In this paper we propose extensions of the SBPI to a decentralized control setting

  7. Energy Modeling of Wireless Sensor Nodes Based on Petri Nets Ali Shareef, Yifeng Zhu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Yifeng

    energy- saving strategies in wireless sensor networks. Keywords-Wireless Sensor Networks, Petri NetsEnergy Modeling of Wireless Sensor Nodes Based on Petri Nets Ali Shareef, Yifeng Zhu Department}@eece.maine.edu Abstract--Energy minimization is of great importance in wire- less sensor networks in extending the battery

  8. A Petri net approach to the study of persistence in chemical reaction networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Leenheer, Patrick

    A Petri net approach to the study of persistence in chemical reaction networks David Angeli for persistence of chemical species in reaction networks, using concepts and tools from Petri net theory networks 1. Introduction One of the main goals of molecular systems biology is the understanding of cell

  9. An Object Oriented Petri Net Language for Embedded System Design Robert Esser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esser, Robert

    An Object Oriented Petri Net Language for Embedded System Design Robert Esser Computer Engineering and Networks Laboratory Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) CH­8092 Zurich, Switzerland esser and structure. The proposed modelling language consists of a class of high level time Petri nets, augmented

  10. SOLUTIONS TO LARGE MARKOV CHAINS PRODUCED BY STOCHASTIC PETRI NETS DANIEL DUANE DEAVOURS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanders, William H.

    Stochastic Petri Nets : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 9 2.1.3 Stochastic Activity NetworksSOLUTIONS TO LARGE MARKOV CHAINS PRODUCED BY STOCHASTIC PETRI NETS BY DANIEL DUANE DEAVOURS B realistic computer systems and networks are modeled. There have been many approaches to deal

  11. State feedback control of labeled Petri nets with uncertainty in the initial marking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hadjicostis, Christoforos

    State feedback control of labeled Petri nets with uncertainty in the initial marking Maria Paola feedback controller for a labeled Petri net whose ini- tial marking is known to belong to a given convex vehicles, com- munication networks, and so on. In this paper we deal with the problem of designing a state

  12. A Petri net approach to the study of persistence in chemical reaction networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sontag, Eduardo

    A Petri net approach to the study of persistence in chemical reaction networks David Angeli Dip. di checkable conditions for persistence of chemical species in reaction networks, using concepts and tools from Petri net theory, and verifies these conditions on various systems which arise in the modeling of cell

  13. Modelling a Car Safety Controller in Road Tunnels using Hybrid Petri Nets A. Bobbio[1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horváth, András

    Modelling a Car Safety Controller in Road Tunnels using Hybrid Petri Nets A. Bobbio[1] , M this specific issue and proposes a hybrid modeling approach based on fluid Petri nets (FPN). An FPN is used that FPN is a valid paradigm to model the dynamics of a car in a detailed way. 1 Introduction In the last

  14. On The Semi-Supervised Joint Trained Elastic Net October 19, 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Culp, Mark

    net (supervised enet henceforth) is a popular and computationally efficient approach for performing regression setting. Semi-supervised regression, currently unrelated to the supervised enet, uses data-supervised regression with the supervised enet. The supervised elastic net and other approaches like it rely

  15. Energy-efficient wireless communication net-work design is an important and challenging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ABSTRACT Energy-efficient wireless communication net- work design is an important and challenging and perfor- mance. INTRODUCTION Energy-efficient wireless communication net- work design is an important, and optimization of wireless communication networks that achieves maximum performance under an energy constraint

  16. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 96479656, 2010 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/10/9647/2010/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 9647­9656, 2010 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/10/9647/2010/ doi:10.5194/acp-10. Baumgaertner (work@andreas-baumgaertner.net) 1 Introduction The Earth's middle and upper atmosphere processes. Downward transport in the dark polar winter can lead to significant enhancements of NOx

  17. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 24812497, 2009 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/9/2481/2009/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 2481­2497, 2009 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/9/2481/2009/ © Author(s) 2009 reflectance after deposition (dark- ening). We apply a range of models and observations to explore impacts) and organic matter (OM), increase net solar heating of the atmosphere-snow column. 2) Darkening caused

  18. Biogeosciences, 1, 133146, 2004 www.biogeosciences.net/bg/1/133/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    µmol m-2 s-1. Net annual sequestration of carbon was es- timated at 160 gCm-2 in 2001. Applying cost to the sequestration of carbon may be another explanation for the slow growth of these forests-1-133 European Geosciences Union Biogeosciences Net ecosystem exchange of carbon dioxide and water of far eastern

  19. The Practical Applications of Net Energy Metering (NEM) By: Ken Linder and Katie Noland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    Applications of Net Energy Metering (NEM) By: Ken Linder and Katie Noland Recommendations: Currently the Net Energy Metering (NEM) law in accordance to Montana state policy caps the amount of energy reimbursable by utility companies for personal production of energy. The goal of the capstone class policy group is to put

  20. Net mineralization of N at deeper soil depths as a potential mechanism for sustained forest production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Net mineralization of N at deeper soil depths as a potential mechanism for sustained forest of microbial consumption of mineral N were reduced relative to production. Overall, up to 60% of potential gross N mineralization and 100% of potential net N mineralization occurred below 15 cm depth

  1. Optimal Liveness-Enforcing Control for a Class of Petri Nets Arising in Multithreaded Software

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reveliotis, Spiridon "Spyros"

    1 Optimal Liveness-Enforcing Control for a Class of Petri Nets Arising in Multithreaded Software]. In this paper, we study a class of Petri nets that arises in modeling concurrent software. In this scenario hardware. This trend is making parallel programming unavoidable but concurrency bugs are making it costly

  2. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 35953609, 2011 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/11/3595/2011/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    formation. Although ground deposition was also a major removal pathway of HONO, net HONO production NBL, net HONO production at the ground tends to increase with faster vertical mixing and stronger NOx and formaldehyde (HCHO) (Finlayson-Pitts and Pitts, 2000). HONO photolysis is thus the dominant primary OH source

  3. Interorganizational Workflows An approach based on Message Sequence Charts and Petri Nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Aalst, Wil

    message sequence charts to specify the interaction between organizations. Petri nets are used to modelInterorganizational Workflows An approach based on Message Sequence Charts and Petri Nets W of business pro- cesses within one organization. However, today's corporations are challenged to cross

  4. Beam-Energy and System-Size Dependence of Dynamical Net Charge Fluctuations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. I. Abelev; M. M. Aggarwal; Z. Ahammed; B. D. Anderson; D. Arkhipkin; G. S. Averichev; Y. Bai; J. Balewski; O. Barannikova; L. S. Barnby; J. Baudot; S. Baumgart; D. R. Beavis; R. Bellwied; F. Benedosso; R. R. Betts; S. Bhardwaj; A. Bhasin; A. K. Bhati; H. Bichsel; J. Bielcik; J. Bielcikova; B. Biritz; L. C. Bland; M. Bombara; B. E. Bonner; M. Botje; J. Bouchet; E. Braidot; A. V. Brandin; S. Bueltmann; T. P. Burton; M. Bystersky; X. Z. Cai; H. Caines; M. Calderón de la Barca Sánchez; J. Callner; O. Catu; D. Cebra; R. Cendejas; M. C. Cervantes; Z. Chajecki; P. Chaloupka; S. Chattopadhyay; H. F. Chen; J. H. Chen; J. Y. Chen; J. Cheng; M. Cherney; A. Chikanian; K. E. Choi; W. Christie; S. U. Chung; R. F. Clarke; M. J. M. Codrington; J. P. Coffin; T. M. Cormier; M. R. Cosentino; J. G. Cramer; H. J. Crawford; D. Das; S. Dash; M. Daugherity; T. G. Dedovich; M. DePhillips; A. A. Derevschikov; R. Derradi de Souza; L. Didenko; P. Djawotho; S. M. Dogra; X. Dong; J. L. Drachenberg; J. E. Draper; F. Du; J. C. Dunlop; M. R. Dutta Mazumdar; W. R. Edwards; L. G. Efimov; E. Elhalhuli; M. Elnimr; V. Emelianov; J. Engelage; G. Eppley; B. Erazmus; M. Estienne; L. Eun; P. Fachini; R. Fatemi; J. Fedorisin; A. Feng; P. Filip; E. Finch; V. Fine; Y. Fisyak; C. A. Gagliardi; L. Gaillard; D. R. Gangadharan; M. S. Ganti; E. Garcia-Solis; V. Ghazikhanian; P. Ghosh; Y. N. Gorbunov; A. Gordon; O. Grebenyuk; D. Grosnick; B. Grube; S. M. Guertin; K. S. F. F. Guimaraes; A. Gupta; N. Gupta; W. Guryn; B. Haag; T. J. Hallman; A. Hamed; J. W. Harris; W. He; M. Heinz; S. Heppelmann; B. Hippolyte; A. Hirsch; A. M. Hoffman; G. W. Hoffmann; D. J. Hofman; R. S. Hollis; H. Z. Huang; T. J. Humanic; G. Igo; A. Iordanova; P. Jacobs; W. W. Jacobs; P. Jakl; F. Jin; P. G. Jones; E. G. Judd; S. Kabana; K. Kajimoto; K. Kang; J. Kapitan; M. Kaplan; D. Keane; A. Kechechyan; D. Kettler; V. Yu. Khodyrev; J. Kiryluk; A. Kisiel; S. R. Klein; A. G. Knospe; A. Kocoloski; D. D. Koetke; M. Kopytine; L. Kotchenda; V. Kouchpil; P. Kravtsov; V. I. Kravtsov; K. Krueger; C. Kuhn; L. Kumar; P. Kurnadi; M. A. C. Lamont; J. M. Landgraf; S. LaPointe; J. Lauret; A. Lebedev; R. Lednicky; C-H. Lee; M. J. LeVine; C. Li; Y. Li; G. Lin; X. Lin; S. J. Lindenbaum; M. A. Lisa; F. Liu; J. Liu; L. Liu; T. Ljubicic; W. J. Llope; R. S. Longacre; W. A. Love; Y. Lu; T. Ludlam; D. Lynn; G. L. Ma; Y. G. Ma; D. P. Mahapatra; R. Majka; L. K. Mangotra; R. Manweiler; S. Margetis; C. Markert; H. S. Matis; Yu. A. Matulenko; T. S. McShane; A. Meschanin; J. Millane; M. L. Miller; N. G. Minaev; S. Mioduszewski; A. Mischke; J. Mitchell; B. Mohanty; D. A. Morozov; M. G. Munhoz; B. K. Nandi; C. Nattrass; T. K. Nayak; J. M. Nelson; C. Nepali; P. K. Netrakanti; M. J. Ng; L. V. Nogach; S. B. Nurushev; G. Odyniec; A. Ogawa; H. Okada; V. Okorokov; D. Olson; M. Pachr; S. K. Pal; Y. Panebratsev; T. Pawlak; T. Peitzmann; V. Perevoztchikov; C. Perkins; W. Peryt; S. C. Phatak; M. Planinic; J. Pluta; N. Poljak; N. Porile; A. M. Poskanzer; B. V. K. S. Potukuchi; D. Prindle; C. Pruneau; N. K. Pruthi; J. Putschke; I. A. Qattan; R. Raniwala; S. Raniwala; R. L. Ray; A. Ridiger; H. G. Ritter; J. B. Roberts; O. V. Rogachevskiy; J. L. Romero; A. Rose; C. Roy; L. Ruan; M. J. Russcher; V. Rykov; R. Sahoo; I. Sakrejda; T. Sakuma; S. Salur; J. Sandweiss; M. Sarsour; J. Schambach; R. P. Scharenberg; N. Schmitz; J. Seger; I. Selyuzhenkov; P. Seyboth; A. Shabetai; E. Shahaliev; M. Shao; M. Sharma; S. S. Shi; X-H. Shi; E. P. Sichtermann; F. Simon; R. N. Singaraju; M. J. Skoby; N. Smirnov; R. Snellings; P. Sorensen; J. Sowinski; H. M. Spinka; B. Srivastava; A. Stadnik; T. D. S. Stanislaus; D. Staszak; M. Strikhanov; B. Stringfellow; A. A. P. Suaide; M. C. Suarez; N. L. Subba; M. Sumbera; X. M. Sun; Y. Sun; Z. Sun; B. Surrow; T. J. M. Symons; A. Szanto de Toledo; J. Takahashi; A. H. Tang; Z. Tang; T. Tarnowsky; D. Thein; J. H. Thomas; J. Tian; A. R. Timmins; S. Timoshenko; M. Tokarev; T. A. Trainor; V. N. Tram; A. L. Trattner; S. Trentalange; R. E. Tribble; O. D. Tsai; J. Ulery; T. Ullrich; D. G. Underwood; G. Van Buren; N. van der Kolk; M. van Leeuwen; A. M. Vander Molen; R. Varma; G. M. S. Vasconcelos; I. M. Vasilevski; A. N. Vasiliev; F. Videbaek; S. E. Vigdor; Y. P. Viyogi; S. Vokal; S. A. Voloshin; M. Wada; W. T. Waggoner; F. Wang; G. Wang; J. S. Wang; Q. Wang; X. Wang; X. L. Wang; Y. Wang; J. C. Webb; G. D. Westfall; C. Whitten Jr.; H. Wieman; S. W. Wissink; R. Witt; J. Wu; Y. Wu; N. Xu; Q. H. Xu; Y. Xu; Z. Xu; P. Yepes; I-K. Yoo; Q. Yue; M. Zawisza; H. Zbroszczyk; W. Zhan; H. Zhang; S. Zhang; W. M. Zhang; Y. Zhang; Z. P. Zhang; Y. Zhao; C. Zhong; J. Zhou; R. Zoulkarneev; Y. Zoulkarneeva; J. X. Zuo

    2008-07-21

    We present measurements of net charge fluctuations in $Au + Au$ collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}} = $ 19.6, 62.4, 130, and 200 GeV, $Cu + Cu$ collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}} = $ 62.4, 200 GeV, and $p + p$ collisions at $\\sqrt{s} = $ 200 GeV using the dynamical net charge fluctuations measure $\

  5. EmergeNet: Robust, Rapidly Deployable Cellular Networks Daniel Iland and Elizabeth M. Belding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belding-Royer, Elizabeth M.

    . Keywords-Cellular networks, community cellular networks, emergency networks, GSM, solar energy, wireless deployable, small scale cellular network. In this article, we describe EmergeNet, which addresses high load, limited bandwidth, and software or hardware failures. EmergeNet is uniquely well suited

  6. ~WOVEGROUND BIOMASS AND NET PRIMARY PRODUCTION ALONG .A VIRGINIA BARRIER ISLAND DUNE CHRONOSEQUENCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Deborah

    ~WOVEGROUND BIOMASS AND NET PRIMARY PRODUCTION ALONG .A VIRGINIA BARRIER ISLAND DUNE CHRONOSEQUENCE BIOMASS AND NET PRIMARY PRODUCTION ALONG A VIRGINIA BARRIER ISLAND DUNE CHRONOSEQUENCE John Joseph DiLustro Old Dominion University, 1994 Director: Dr. Frank P. Day Jr. Aboveground biomass was examined along

  7. Vodafone response to European Commission Questionnaire on the Open Internet and Net Neutrality in Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuzmanovic, Aleksandar

    in Europe 1. Vodafone welcomes the Commission's consultation on net neutrality. This topic is important. 3. The internet transcends national boundaries and Europe can take a lead in the global net a degree of competitive advantage for Europe's internet players. If Europe can find a measured, practical

  8. LASER ENGINEERED NET SHAPING FOR REPAIR AND HYDROGEN COMPATIBILITY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Korinko, P.; Adams, T.

    2011-08-05

    A method to repair mismatched or damaged components using Laser Engineered Net Shaping{sup R} (LENS) technology to apply material was investigated for its feasibility for components exposed to hydrogen. The mechanical properties of LENS bulk materials were also tested for hydrogen compatibility. The LENS process was used to repair simulated and actual mismachined components. These sample components were hydrogen charged and burst tested in the as-received, as-damaged, and as-repaired conditions. The testing showed that there was no apparent additional deficiency associated with hydrogen charging compared to the repair technique. The repair techniques resulted in some components meeting the requirements while others did not. Additional procedure/process development is required prior to recommending production use of LENS.

  9. Higher Moments of Net-proton Multiplicity Distributions at RHIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. M. Aggarwal; Z. Ahammed; A. V. Alakhverdyants; I. Alekseev; J. Alford; B. D. Anderson; D. Arkhipkin; G. S. Averichev; J. Balewski; L. S. Barnby; S. Baumgart; D. R. Beavis; R. Bellwied; M. J. Betancourt; R. R. Betts; A. Bhasin; A. K. Bhati; H. Bichsel; J. Bielcik; J. Bielcikova; B. Biritz; L. C. Bland; 3 B. E. Bonner; J. Bouchet; E. Braidot; A. V. Brandin; A. Bridgeman; E. Bruna; S. Bueltmann; I. Bunzarov; T. P. Burton; X. Z. Cai; H. Caines; M. Calderón de la Barca Sánchez; O. Catu; D. Cebra; R. Cendejas; M. C. Cervantes; Z. Chajecki; P. Chaloupka; S. Chattopadhyay; H. F. Chen; J. H. Chen; J. Y. Chen; J. Cheng; M. Cherney; A. Chikanian; K. E. Choi; W. Christie; P. Chung; R. F. Clarke; M. J. M. Codrington; R. Corliss; J. G. Cramer; H. J. Crawford; D. Das; S. Dash; A. Davila Leyva; L. C. De Silva; R. R. Debbe; T. G. Dedovich; A. A. Derevschikov; R. Derradi de Souza; L. Didenko; P. Djawotho; S. M. Dogra; X. Dong; J. L. Drachenberg; J. E. Draper; J. C. Dunlop; M. R. Dutta Mazumdar; L. G. Efimov; E. Elhalhuli; M. Elnimr; J. Engelage; G. Eppley; B. Erazmus; M. Estienne; L. Eun; O. Evdokimov; P. Fachini; R. Fatemi; J. Fedorisin; R. G. Fersch; P. Filip; E. Finch; V. Fine; Y. Fisyak; C. A. Gagliardi; D. R. Gangadharan; M. S. Ganti; E. J. Garcia-Solis; A. Geromitsos; F. Geurts; V. Ghazikhanian; P. Ghosh; Y. N. Gorbunov; A. Gordon; O. Grebenyuk; D. Grosnick; S. M. Guertin; A. Gupta; N. Gupta; W. Guryn; B. Haag; A. Hamed; L-X. Han; J. W. Harris; J. P. Hays-Wehle; M. Heinz; S. Heppelmann; A. Hirsch; E. Hjort; A. M. Hoffman; G. W. Hoffmann; D. J. Hofman; B. Huang; H. Z. Huang; T. J. Humanic; L. Huo; G. Igo; P. Jacobs; W. W. Jacobs; C. Jena; F. Jin; C. L. Jones; P. G. Jones; J. Joseph; E. G. Judd; S. Kabana; K. Kajimoto; K. Kang; J. Kapitan; K. Kauder; D. Keane; A. Kechechyan; D. Kettler; D. P. Kikola; J. Kiryluk; A. Kisiel; S. R. Klein; A. G. Knospe; A. Kocoloski; D. D. Koetke; T. Kollegger; J. Konzer; I. Koralt; L. Koroleva; W. Korsch; L. Kotchenda; V. Kouchpil; P. Kravtsov; K. Krueger; M. Krus; L. Kumar; P. Kurnadi; M. A. C. Lamont; J. M. Landgraf; S. LaPointe; J. Lauret; A. Lebedev; R. Lednicky; C-H. Lee; J. H. Lee; W. Leight; M. J. LeVine; C. Li; L. Li; N. Li; W. Li; X. Li; X. Li; Y. Li; Z. M. Li; G. Lin; S. J. Lindenbaum; M. A. Lisa; F. Liu; H. Liu; J. Liu; T. Ljubicic; W. J. Llope; R. S. Longacre; W. A. Love; Y. Lu; E. V. Lukashov; X. Luo; G. L. Ma; Y. G. Ma; D. P. Mahapatra; R. Majka; O. I. Mall; L. K. Mangotra; R. Manweiler; S. Margetis; C. Markert; H. Masui; H. S. Matis; Yu. A. Matulenko; D. McDonald; T. S. McShane; A. Meschanin; R. Milner; N. G. Minaev; S. Mioduszewski; A. Mischke; M. K. Mitrovski; B. Mohanty; M. M. Mondal. B. Morozov; D. A. Morozov; M. G. Munhoz; B. K. Nandi; C. Nattrass; T. K. Nayak; J. M. Nelson; P. K. Netrakanti; M. J. Ng; L. V. Nogach; S. B. Nurushev; G. Odyniec; A. Ogawa; V. Okorokov; E. W. Oldag; D. Olson; M. Pachr; B. S. Page; S. K. Pal; Y. Pandit; Y. Panebratsev; T. Pawlak; T. Peitzmann; V. Perevoztchikov; C. Perkins; W. Peryt; S. C. Phatak; P. Pile; M. Planinic; M. A. Ploskon; J. Pluta; D. Plyku; N. Poljak; A. M. Poskanzer; B. V. K. S. Potukuchi; C. B. Powell; D. Prindle; C. Pruneau; N. K. Pruthi; P. R. Pujahari; J. Putschke; H. Qiu; R. Raniwala; S. Raniwala; R. L. Ray; R. Redwine; R. Reed; H. G. Ritter; J. B. Roberts; O. V. Rogachevsky; J. L. Romero; A. Rose; C. Roy; L. Ruan; R. Sahoo; S. Sakai; I. Sakrejda; T. Sakuma; S. Salur; J. Sandweiss; E. Sangaline; J. Schambach; R. P. Scharenberg; N. Schmitz; T. R. Schuster; J. Seele; J. Seger; I. Selyuzhenkov; P. Seyboth; E. Shahaliev; M. Shao; M. Sharma; S. S. Shi; E. P. Sichtermann; F. Simon; R. N. Singaraju; M. J. Skoby; N. Smirnov; P. Sorensen; J. Sowinski; H. M. Spinka; B. Srivastava; T. D. S. Stanislaus; D. Staszak; J. R. Stevens; R. Stock; M. Strikhanov; B. Stringfellow; A. A. P. Suaide; M. C. Suarez; N. L. Subba; M. Sumbera; X. M. Sun; Y. Sun; Z. Sun; B. Surrow; D. N. Svirida; T. J. M. Symons; A. Szanto de Toledo; J. Takahashi; A. H. Tang; Z. Tang; L. H. Tarini; T. Tarnowsky; D. Thein; J. H. Thomas; J. Tian; A. R. Timmins; S. Timoshenko; D. Tlusty; M. Tokarev; V. N. Tram; S. Trentalange; R. E. Tribble; O. D. Tsai; J. Ulery; T. Ullrich; D. G. Underwood; G. Van Buren; M. van Leeuwen; G. van Nieuwenhuizen; J. A. Vanfossen, Jr.; R. Varma; G. M. S. Vasconcelos; A. N. Vasiliev; F. Videbaek; Y. P. Viyogi; S. Vokal; S. A. Voloshin; M. Wada; M. Walker; F. Wang; G. Wang; H. Wang; J. S. Wang; Q. Wang; X. L. Wang; Y. Wang; G. Webb; J. C. Webb; G. D. Westfall; C. Whitten Jr.; H. Wieman; S. W. Wissink; R. Witt; Y. F. Wu; W. Xie; H. Xu; N. Xu; Q. H. Xu; W. Xu; Y. Xu; Z. Xu; L. Xue; Y. Yang; P. Yepes; K. Yip; I-K. Yoo; Q. Yue; M. Zawisza; H. Zbroszczyk; W. Zhan; J. B. Zhang; S. Zhang; W. M. Zhang; X. P. Zhang; Y. Zhang; Z. P. Zhang; J. Zhao; C. Zhong; J. Zhou; W. Zhou; X. Zhu; Y. H. Zhu; R. Zoulkarneev

    2010-06-12

    We report the first measurements of the kurtosis (\\kappa), skewness (S) and variance (\\sigma^2) of net-proton multiplicity (N_p - N_pbar) distributions at midrapidity for Au+Au collisions at \\sqrt(s_NN) = 19.6, 62.4, and 200 GeV corresponding to baryon chemical potentials (\\mu_B) between 200 - 20 MeV. Our measurements of the products \\kappa \\sigma^2 and S \\sigma, which can be related to theoretical calculations sensitive to baryon number susceptibilities and long range correlations, are constant as functions of collision centrality. We compare these products with results from lattice QCD and various models without a critical point and study the \\sqrt(s_NN) dependence of \\kappa \\sigma^2. From the measurements at the three beam energies, we find no evidence for a critical point in the QCD phase diagram for \\mu_B below 200 MeV.

  10. Uncertainty in climate change policy analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacoby, Henry D.; Prinn, Ronald G.

    Achieving agreement about whether and how to control greenhouse gas emissions would be difficult enough even if the consequences were fully known. Unfortunately, choices must be made in the face of great uncertainty, about ...

  11. Topic Sentiment Change Analysis , Weiyi Meng1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meng, Weiyi

    research problem. I would like to express my support for those in Barbados who are seeking redress from

  12. 2007 Wholesale Power Rate Case Initial Proposal : Risk Analysis Study.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    2005-11-01

    The Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS), operated on behalf of the ratepayers of the PNW by BPA and other Federal agencies, faces many uncertainties during the FY 2007-2009 rate period. Among these uncertainties, the largest revolve around hydro conditions, market prices and river operations for fish recovery. In order to provide a high probability of making its U.S. Treasury payments, BPA performs a Risk Analysis as part of its rate-making process. In this Risk Analysis, BPA identifies key risks, models their relationships, and then analyzes their impacts on net revenues (total revenues less expenses). BPA subsequently evaluates in the ToolKit Model the Treasury Payment Probability (TPP) resulting from the rates, risks, and risk mitigation measures described here and in the Wholesale Power Rate Development Study (WPRDS). If the TPP falls short of BPA's standard, additional risk mitigation revenues, such as PNRR and CRAC revenues are incorporated in the modeling in ToolKit until the TPP standard is met. Increased wholesale market price volatility and six years of drought have significantly changed the profile of risk and uncertainty facing BPA and its stakeholders. These present new challenges for BPA in its effort to keep its power rates as low as possible while fully meeting its obligations to the U.S. Treasury. As a result, the risk BPA faces in not receiving the level of secondary revenues that have been credited to power rates before receiving those funds is greater. In addition to market price volatility, BPA also faces uncertainty around the financial impacts of operations for fish programs in FY 2006 and in the FY 2007-2009 rate period. A new Biological Opinion or possible court-ordered change to river operations in FY 2006 through FY 2009 may reduce BPA's net revenues included Initial Proposal. Finally, the FY 2007-2009 risk analysis includes new operational risks as well as a more comprehensive analysis of non-operating risks. Both the operational and non-operational risks will be described in Section 2.0 of this study. Given these risks, if rates are designed using BPA's traditional approach of only adding Planned Net Revenues for Risk (PNRR), power rates would need to recover a much larger ''risk premium'' to meet BPA's TPP standard. As an alternative to high fixed risk premiums, BPA is proposing a risk mitigation package that combines PNRR with a variable rate mechanism similar to the cost recovery adjustment mechanisms used in the FY 2002-2006 rate period. The proposed risk mitigation package is less expensive on a forecasted basis because the rates can be adjusted on an annual basis to respond to uncertain financial outcomes. BPA is also proposing a Dividend Distribution Clause (DDC) to refund reserves in excess of $800M to customers in the event net revenues in the next rate period exceed current financial forecasts.

  13. Climate Change and Extinctions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinervo, Barry

    2013-01-01

    Lectures presents: Climate Change and Extinctions Happening2013. He will present a climate change extinction model that

  14. Climate Change Scoping Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Climate Change Scoping Plan a amework for change as approved Prepared by the California AirBackgroundBackgroundBackground ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 4444 1. Climate Change Policy in California1. Climate Change Policy in California1. Climate Change Policy in California1. Climate Change Policy in California

  15. Climate Change Scoping Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Climate Change Scoping Plan a amework for change Prepared by the California Air Resources BoardBackgroundBackgroundBackground ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 4444 1. Climate Change Policy in California1. Climate Change Policy in California1. Climate Change Policy in California1. Climate Change Policy in California

  16. mhbai@sinica.edu.tw, kchen@iis.sinica.edu.tw, jschang@cs.nthu.edu.tw WordNet (word

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ] WordNet "plant" WordNet "plant, works, industrial plant" (power plant/) WordNet [Diab et al/ of/ students/ practice teaching practice/ teaching/ wall cloud wall/ cloud/ gas mixture gas

  17. Process Algebras for Quantitative Analysis J. Hillston

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swain, Peter

    . In the early nineties the most common of these were queueing networks [41] and Stochastic Petri Nets (SPN) [46]. Queue- ing networks, whilst very powerful when applicable, have limited expressiveness and lack formal networks, which greatly eases model construction. Researchers in performance analysis were attracted

  18. Defining Change Management Properties for Component Interoperability Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gamble, R. F.

    1 Defining Change Management Properties for Component Interoperability Assessment T. Gamble R In this paper, we leverage software architecture analysis techniques to codify change management properties is to extend component-based systems analysis to include change management concerns so that clearer designs

  19. EL Program: Net-Zero Energy, High-Performance Build Program Manager: William Healy, Energy and Environment Div

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EL Program: Net-Zero Energy, High-Performance Build Program Manager: William Healy, Energy the nation towards net-zero energy, high- performance buildings in a cost-effective manner while maintaining Goal: Net-Zero Energy, High-Performance Buildings Program; Sustainable and Energy-Efficient Materials

  20. Received 28 May 2012 | Accepted 9 Nov 2012 | Published 18 Dec 2012 Extracting net current from an upstream neutral

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heiblum, Mordehai "Moty"

    and carrying energy without net charge, had been predicted to exist in some of the fractional quantum Hall of upstream chiral neutral modes. These modes, which carry energy without net charge2­10, are at the focus, as expected, with zero net current. In a recent work by Gross et al.7, a few new features of these modes were