Sample records for net change analysis

  1. Structural and Dynamic Changes in Concurrent Systems: Reconfigurable Petri Nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpuente, María

    Structural and Dynamic Changes in Concurrent Systems: Reconfigurable Petri Nets Marisa Llorens subject to dynamic changes using extensions of Petri nets. We begin by introducing the notion of net rewriting system. In a net rewriting system, a system configuration is described as a Petri net and a change

  2. AN ECONOMETRIC ANALYSIS OF NET INVESTMENT IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NOTES AN ECONOMETRIC ANALYSIS OF NET INVESTMENT IN GULF SHRIMP FISHING VESSELS1 The major capital to the Gulf shrimp fishery. The purpose of this study is to estimate an econometric model of annual real net

  3. Reconfigurable Nets, a Class of High Level Petri Nets Supporting Dynamic Changes?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpuente, María

    Reconfigurable Nets, a Class of High Level Petri Nets Supporting Dynamic Changes. E-mail: fjoliver@dsic.upv.es. Abstract.We introduce a class of high level Petri nets, called reconfig- urable nets, that can dynamically modify their own structure by rewrit- ing

  4. Changing Communication Environments in MosquitoNet Mary G. Baker

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Mary G.

    Changing Communication Environments in MosquitoNet Mary G. Baker Computer Science and Electrical is funded in part by the Center for Telecom- munications at Stanford University, the Reid and Polly Anderson- mary goal of MosquitoNet, a new project at Stanford Uni- versity for investigating operating system

  5. Net Environmental Benefit Analysis: A New Assessment Methodology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Net Environmental Benefit Analysis: A New Assessment Methodology R. A. Efroymson, efroymsonra.S. Department of Energy Dec-05 Net Environmental Benefit Analysis: A New Assessment Methodology R. A. Efroymson environmental assessment methodologies such as risk assessment, by explicitly considering benefits (not just

  6. Net accumulation of the Greenland ice sheet: High resolution modeling of climate changes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Born, Andreas

    : Kiilsholm, S., J. H. Christensen, K. Dethloff, and A. Rinke, Net accumulation of the Greenland ice sheetNet accumulation of the Greenland ice sheet: High resolution modeling of climate changes Sissi, Denmark Klaus Dethloff and Annette Rinke Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research

  7. , Analysis of U.S. Net Metering and Interconnection Policy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haynes, Rusty; Cook, Chris

    2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Historically, the absence of interconnection standards has been one of the primary barriers to the deployment of distributed generation (DG) in the United States. Although significant progress in the development of interconnection standards was achieved at both the federal and state levels in 2005, interconnection policy and net-metering policy continue to confound regulators, lawmakers, DG businesses, clean-energy advocates and consumers. For this reason it is critical to keep track of developments related to these issues. The North Carolina Solar Center (NCSC) is home to two Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC) projects -- the National Interconnection Project and the Database of State Incentives for Renewable Energy (DSIRE). This paper will present the major federal and state level policy developments in interconnection and net metering in 2005 and early 2006. It will also present conclusions based an analysis of data collected by these two projects.

  8. Modeling and Analysis of Stage Machinery Control Systems by Timed Colored Petri Nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    Modeling and Analysis of Stage Machinery Control Systems by Timed Colored Petri Nets Hehua Zhang, is critical to the correctness of a system. Petri nets (PN) have been proven to be a powerful modeling tool Nets (TCPN) are proposed to model and analyze a PLC-based stage machinery control system1

  9. A Simulation Technique for Performance Analysis of Generic Petri Net Models of Computer Systems1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cintra, Marcelo

    A Simulation Technique for Performance Analysis of Generic Petri Net Models of Computer Systems1 Abstract Many timed extensions for Petri nets have been proposed in the literature, but their analytical solutions impose limitations on the time distributions and the net topology. To overcome these limitations

  10. Values of Stakeholders in the Net Neutrality Debate: Applying Content Analysis to Telecommunications Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oard, Doug

    Values of Stakeholders in the Net Neutrality Debate: Applying Content Analysis@surugadai.ac.jp Abstract Net neutrality is an important telecommunications policy debate. This debate is closely tied' positions on this debate. This paper examines the role of values in shaping the Net neutrality debate

  11. Compositional construction and analysis of Petri net systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rojas, Isabel C.

    Most Petri net (PN) based modelling formalisms represent the system modelled as a flat net. This may not clearly reflect the elements that participate in the system and the way they communicate or interact. It can also ...

  12. Temporal Land Cover Analysis for Net Ecosystem Improvement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ke, Yinghai; Coleman, Andre M.; Diefenderfer, Heida L.

    2013-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We delineated 8 watersheds contributing to previously defined river reaches within the 1,468-km2 historical floodplain of the tidally influenced lower Columbia River and estuary. We assessed land-cover change at the watershed, reach, and restoration site scales by reclassifying remote-sensing data from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Coastal Change Analysis Programs land cover/land change product into forest, wetland, and urban categories. The analysis showed a 198.3 km2 loss of forest cover during the first 6 years of the Columbia Estuary Ecosystem Restoration Program, 20012006. Total measured urbanization in the contributing watersheds of the estuary during the full 1996-2006 change analysis period was 48.4 km2. Trends in forest gain/loss and urbanization differed between watersheds. Wetland gains and losses were within the margin of error of the satellite imagery analysis. No significant land cover change was measured at restoration sites, although it was visible in aerial imagery, therefore, the 30-m land-cover product may not be appropriate for assessment of early-stage wetland restoration. These findings suggest that floodplain restoration sites in reaches downstream of watersheds with decreasing forest cover will be subject to increased sediment loads, and those downstream of urbanization will experience effects of increased impervious surfaces on hydrologic processes.

  13. NetViewer: A Network Traffic Visualization and Analysis Tool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reddy, Narasimha

    . NetViewer can be employed to detect and identify network anomalies such as DoS/DDoS attacks, worms from both the commercial and free soft- ware communities. To study and classify traffic on the network most of the time. In such cases, attack traffic may not induce significant overshoot in traffic volume

  14. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    '''''Note: H.F. 729, enacted in May 2013, includes many changes to Minnesota's net metering law. These changes are described above, but most will not take effect until rules are implemented at the...

  15. Addressing Climate Change in Environmental Impact Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Addressing Climate Change in Environmental Impact Analysis 2010 CTS Research Conference Carissa impact analysis (EIA) as a tool to address climate change ! Consider approaches to measuring and addressing climate change at the project scale #12;Purpose ! Funded by U of M Institute on the Environment

  16. Safety Analysis Using Coloured Petri Nets Seung Mo Cho, Hyoung Seok Hong, and Sung Deok Cha

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    as an example. 1. Introduction Software control in safety-critical systems such as aerospace, military, nuclearSafety Analysis Using Coloured Petri Nets Seung Mo Cho, Hyoung Seok Hong, and Sung Deok Cha Department of Computer Science Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) 373-1, Kusong

  17. Dependability Analysis of Control Center Networks in Smart Grid using Stochastic Petri Nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Xuemin "Sherman"

    1 Dependability Analysis of Control Center Networks in Smart Grid using Stochastic Petri Nets: xshen@bbcr.uwaterloo.ca Abstract--As an indispensable infrastructure for the future life, smart grid is being implemented to save energy, reduce costs, and increase reliability. In smart grid, control center

  18. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    '''''NOTE: Legislation enacted in 2011 and 2012 (S.B. 1652, H.B. 3036, and S.B. 3811) has changed several aspects of net metering in Illinois. For customers in competitive classes as of July 1,...

  19. System solutions study on the fatigue of the fast cable-net structure caused by form-changing operation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Peng; Qian, Lei; Yue, You-Ling

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical Radio Telescope (FAST) is supported by a cable-net structure, whose change in form leads to a stress range of approximately 500MPa. This stress range is more than twice the standard authorized value. The cable-net structure is thus the most critical and fragile part of the FAST reflector system. In this study, we first search for a more appropriate deformation strategy that reduces the stress amplitude generated by the form-changing operation. Second, we roughly estimate the tracking trajectory of the telescope during its service life, and conduct an extensive numerical investigation to assess the fatigue resistance requirements. Finally, we develop a new type of steel cable system that meets that cable requirements for FAST construction.

  20. A Net Energy-based Analysis for a Climate-constrained Sustainable Energy Transition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sgouridis, Sgouris; Csala, Denes

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The transition from a fossil-based energy economy to one based on renewable energy is driven by the double challenge of climate change and resource depletion. Building a renewable energy infrastructure requires an upfront energy investment that subtracts from the net energy available to society. This investment is determined by the need to transition to renewable energy fast enough to stave off the worst consequences of climate change and, at the same time, maintain a sufficient net energy flow to sustain the world's economy and population. We show that a feasible transition pathway requires that the rate of investment in renewable energy should accelerate approximately by an order of magnitude if we are to stay within the range of IPCC recommendations.

  1. Reachability Analysis of Time Basic Petri Nets: a Time Coverage Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bellettini, Carlo

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce a technique for reachability analysis of Time-Basic (TB) Petri nets, a powerful formalism for real- time systems where time constraints are expressed as intervals, representing possible transition firing times, whose bounds are functions of marking's time description. The technique consists of building a symbolic reachability graph relying on a sort of time coverage, and overcomes the limitations of the only available analyzer for TB nets, based in turn on a time-bounded inspection of a (possibly infinite) reachability-tree. The graph construction algorithm has been automated by a tool-set, briefly described in the paper together with its main functionality and analysis capability. A running example is used throughout the paper to sketch the symbolic graph construction. A use case describing a small real system - that the running example is an excerpt from - has been employed to benchmark the technique and the tool-set. The main outcome of this test are also presented in the paper. Ongoing work, ...

  2. LIFE CYCLE ANALYSIS OF HIGH-PERFORMANCE MONOCRYSTALLINE SILICON PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEMS: ENERGY PAYBACK TIMES AND NET ENERGY PRODUCTION VALUE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -344-3957, vmf5@columbia.edu 2 Center for Life Cycle Analysis, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA 3 SunLIFE CYCLE ANALYSIS OF HIGH-PERFORMANCE MONOCRYSTALLINE SILICON PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEMS: ENERGY PAYBACK TIMES AND NET ENERGY PRODUCTION VALUE Vasilis Fthenakis1,2 , Rick Betita2 , Mark Shields3 , Rob

  3. Analysis to determine the maximum dimensions of flexible apertures in sensored security netting products.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murton, Mark; Bouchier, Francis A.; vanDongen, Dale T.; Mack, Thomas Kimball; Cutler, Robert Paul; Ross, Michael P.

    2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Although technological advances provide new capabilities to increase the robustness of security systems, they also potentially introduce new vulnerabilities. New capability sometimes requires new performance requirements. This paper outlines an approach to establishing a key performance requirement for an emerging intrusion detection sensor: the sensored net. Throughout the security industry, the commonly adopted standard for maximum opening size through barriers is a requirement based on square inches-typically 96 square inches. Unlike standard rigid opening, the dimensions of a flexible aperture are not fixed, but variable and conformable. It is demonstrably simple for a human intruder to move through a 96-square-inch opening that is conformable to the human body. The longstanding 96-square-inch requirement itself, though firmly embedded in policy and best practice, lacks a documented empirical basis. This analysis concluded that the traditional 96-square-inch standard for openings is insufficient for flexible openings that are conformable to the human body. Instead, a circumference standard is recommended for these newer types of sensored barriers. The recommended maximum circumference for a flexible opening should be no more than 26 inches, as measured on the inside of the netting material.

  4. Unfolding of time Petri nets for quantitative time analysis Medesu Sogbohossou and David Delfieu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    are interesting formalism with expressing power of true parallelism or concurrency in discrete events systems. Time Petri nets (TPN) [1] are timed extension often used to modelize realtime systems. Thanks://www.irccyn.ec-nantes.fr Abstract. The verification of properties on a Time Petri net is often based on the state class graph

  5. NIH Portfolio Analysis on Climate Change and Health

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Madey, Gregory R.

    NIH Portfolio Analysis on Climate Change and Health Total studies that in some way relate to climate change 1,357 > Directly relate to climate change 7 > Examine the climate variables on health 85 response to climate change By David Taylor Climate change and its relationship to health research

  6. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In April 2008, Kentucky enacted legislation that expanded its net metering law by requiring utilities to offer net metering to customers that generate electricity with photovoltaic (PV), wind,...

  7. Analysis of Residential System Strategies Targeting Least-Cost Solutions Leading to Net Zero Energy Homes: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, R.; Christensen, C.; Horowitz, S.

    2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U. S. Department of Energy's Building America residential systems research project uses an analysis-based system research approach to identify research priorities, identify technology gaps and opportunities, establish a consistent basis to track research progress, and identify system solutions that are most likely to succeed as the initial targets for residential system research projects. This report describes the analysis approach used by the program to determine the most cost-effective pathways to achieve whole-house energy-savings goals. This report also provides an overview of design/technology strategies leading to net zero energy buildings as the basis for analysis of future residential system performance.

  8. Please cite this article in press as: Baumbach, J. et al., CoryneRegNet 3.0--An interactive systems biology plat-form for the analysis of gene regulatory networks in corynebacteria and Escherichia coli, J. Biotechnol. (2007),

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Babu, M. Madan

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Please cite this article in press as: Baumbach, J. et al., CoryneRegNet 3.0--An interactive systems of Biotechnology xxx (2007) xxxxxx CoryneRegNet 3.0--An interactive systems biology platform for the analysis., CoryneRegNet 3.0--An interactive systems biology plat- form for the analysis of gene regulatory networks

  9. Engineering, Financial and Net Energy Performance, and Risk Analysis for Parabolic Trough Solar Power Plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luo, Jun

    2014-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    concentrating solar power plant. A set of engineering performance, financial and net energy models were developed as tools to predict a plants engineering performance, cost and energy payback. The models were validated by comparing the predicted results...

  10. Engineering, Financial and Net Energy Performance, and Risk Analysis for Parabolic Trough Solar Power Plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luo, Jun

    2014-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    concentrating solar power plant. A set of engineering performance, financial and net energy models were developed as tools to predict a plants engineering performance, cost and energy payback. The models were validated by comparing the predicted results...

  11. Naval petroleum reserves: Preliminary analysis of future net revenues from Elk Hills production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is an interim report on the present value of the net revenues from Elk Hills Naval Petroleum Reserve. GAO calculated alternative present values of the net revenues applying (1) low, medium, and high forecasts of future crude oil prices and (2) alternative interest rates for discounting the future net revenues to their present values. The calculations are sensitive to both the oil price forecasts and discount rates used; they are preliminary and should be used with caution. They do not take into account possible added tax revenues collected by the government if Elk Hills were sold nor varying production levels and practices, which could either increase or decrease the total amount of oil that can be extracted.

  12. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In Massachusetts, the state's investor-owned utilities must offer net metering. Municipal utilities are not obligated to offer net metering, but they may do so voluntarily. (There are no electric...

  13. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Indiana Utility Regulatory Commission (IURC) adopted rules for net metering in September 2004, requiring the state's investor-owned utilities (IOUs) to offer net metering to all electric...

  14. Communicating Coastal Risk Analysis in an Age of Climate Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Communicating Coastal Risk Analysis in an Age of Climate Change TR-11-04 Brian Blanton, John Mc in an Age of Climate Change Brian Blanton, John McGee, Oleg Kapeljushnik Renaissance Computing Institute of climate change complicates matters further. An immersive visualization environment integrating data from

  15. Human Appropriation of Net Primary Productivity (HANPP) in Texas: A Statewide Analysis of Sustainability in the Agricultural and Timber Sectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graff, Christopher P.

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The sustainability of the Texas agricultural and timber sectors is measured using the ratio of human appropriation of net primary productivity (HANPP) to available net primary productivity (NPP) on a county-by-county basis for the entire state...

  16. MathNet MathNet Mathematical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MathNet MathNet MathNet Mathematical Preprint Servers Mathematical Preprint Servers Jonas Gomes Janeiro IMPA ­ Rio de Janeiro #12; MathNet MathNet MathNet Preprint Server Preprint Server . . What Atlas: Topology Atlas: http://www.unipissing.ca/topology/ http://www.unipissing.ca/topology/ #12; MathNet

  17. fi net

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qian, Weihong

    Electronic Publishing House. All rights reserved. http://www.cnki.net #12;, , , · » » , , , ¡¢ » ¡fi Journal Electronic Publishing House. All rights reserved. http://www.cnki.net #12;, ¡£¡£ , » , ¯ ¡/ ¡ , ¡¢ ¡¢ © 1994-2008 China Academic Journal Electronic Publishing House. All rights reserved. http://www.cnki.net

  18. Long Island Power Authority- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    : Note: In October 2012 the LIPA Board of Trustees adopted changes to the utility's net metering tariff that permit remote net metering for non-residential solar and wind energy systems, and farm...

  19. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA) - Usually at utility's avoided cost (a wholesale rate) or a negotiated rate * New Mexico o REC Ownership: Utility owns RECs o Net...

  20. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    New Jersey's net-metering rules apply to all residential, commercial and industrial customers of the state's investor-owned utilities and energy suppliers (and certain competitive municipal...

  1. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Wyoming enacted legislation in February 2001 that established statewide net metering. The law applies to investor-owned utilities, electric cooperatives and irrigation districts. Eligible...

  2. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Net metering has been available in Oklahoma since 1988 under Oklahoma Corporation Commission (OCC) Order 326195. The OCC's rules require investor-owned utilities and electric cooperatives under...

  3. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Missouri enacted legislation in June 2007 (S.B. 54)* requiring all electric utilities -- investor-owned utilities, municipal utilities and electric cooperatives -- to offer net metering to...

  4. Scaling Analysis of Nanowire Phase Change Memory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Jie; Anantram, M P

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This letter analyzes the scaling property of nanowire (NW) phase change memory (PCM) using analytic and numerical methods. The scaling scenarios of the three widely-used NW PCM peration schemes (constant electric field, voltage, and current) are studied and compared. It is shown that if the device size is downscaled by a factor of 1/k (k>1), the peration energy (current) will be reduced by more than k3 (k) times, and the operation speed will be increased by k2 times. It is also shown that more than 90% of operation energy is wasted as thermal flux into substrate and electrodes. We predict that, if the wasted thermal flux is effectively reduced by heat confinement technologies, the energy consumed per RESET operation can be decreased from about 1 pJ to less than 100 fJ. It is shown that reducing NW aspect ratio (AR) helps decreasing PCM energy consumption. It is revealed that cross-cell thermal proximity disturbance is counter-intuitively alleviated by scaling, leading to a desirable scaling scenario.

  5. assessing bed net: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Net Environmental Benefit Analysis: A New Assessment Methodology R. A. Efroymson 4 Assessing Debris Flow Hazard by Credal Nets A. Antonucci1 Computer Technologies and...

  6. Soil Carbon Change and Net Energy Associated with Biofuel Production on Marginal Lands: A Regional Modeling Perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bandaru, Varaprasad; Izaurralde, Roberto C.; Manowitz, David H.; Link, Robert P.; Zhang, Xuesong; Post, W. M.

    2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The use of marginal lands (MLs) for biofuel production has been contemplated as a promising solution for meeting biofuel demands. However, there have been concerns with spatial location of MLs, their inherent biofuel potential, and possible environmental consequences with the cultivation of energy crops. Here, we developed a new quantitative approach that integrates high-resolution land cover and land productivity maps and uses conditional probability density functions for analyzing land use patterns as a function of land productivity to classify the agricultural lands. We subsequently applied this method to determine available productive croplands (P-CLs) and non-crop marginal lands (NC-MLs) in a nine-county Southern Michigan. Furthermore, Spatially Explicit Integrated Modeling Framework (SEIMF) using EPIC (Environmental Policy Integrated Climate) was used to understand the net energy (NE) and soil organic carbon (SOC) implications of cultivating different annual and perennial production systems.

  7. Global Analysis of Snow Cover Changes Using Google Earth Engine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coll, Jim

    2014-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Global Analysis of Snow Cover Changes Using MODIS and Google Earth Engine By: Jim Coll Importance of This Project To establish whether or not Google Earth Engine is a viable platform for this type of big data analysis Depending... is Google Earth Engine? Google Earth Engine is a massive data warehouse (2+ petabytes) of remote sensing imagery including all past Landsat and MODIS data. The platform supports JavaScript and Python analysis of these data, and performs the calculations...

  8. Quantitative Analysis of Solar Technologies For Net-Zero Design Affordable Homes Research Group, School of Architecture, McGill University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barthelat, Francois

    Cost per Watt (U.S.) Mono-crystalline - thick modular panels on roof, walls or separate structure 17Quantitative Analysis of Solar Technologies For Net-Zero Design Affordable Homes Research Group PRINCIPLES & RESULTS CONCLUSIONS Photovoltaic (PV) Energy Production Water-Based Solar Thermal Collectors Air

  9. 1, 275309, 2004 Net ecosystem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    respiration rates are 5 mol m-2 s-1 . Net annual sequestration of carbon (C) was estimated at 1.7 (0.5) ton the short intense growing season. The associated cost to the sequestration of carbon may be another C ha-1 in 2001. The net carbon exchange of the forest was extremely sensitive to small changes

  10. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Net excess generation (NEG) is treated as a kilowatt-hour (kWh) credit or other compensation on the customer's following bill.* When an annual period ends, a utility will purchase unused credits...

  11. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Illinois enacted legislation in August 2007 (S.B. 680) requiring investor-owned utilities in Illinois to begin offering net metering by April 1, 2008. In May 2008, the Illinois Commerce Commissio...

  12. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    NOTE: In December 15, 2014 the New York Public Service Commission (PSC) issued an order directing the investor owned utilities in the State to file net metering tariff revisions doubling the agg...

  13. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Nevada's original net-metering law for renewable-energy systems was enacted in 1997 and amended in 2001, 2003, 2005, 2007, 2011, 2013, and 2015. Systems up to one megawatt (MW) in capacity that...

  14. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Note: The program web site listed above links to the Maryland Public Service Commission's Net Metering Working Group page, which contains a variety of information resources related to the ongoing...

  15. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    [http://nebraskalegislature.gov/FloorDocs/101/PDF/Final/LB436.pdf LB 436], signed in May 2009, established statewide net metering rules for all electric utilities in Nebraska. The rules apply to...

  16. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The North Carolina Utilities Commission (NCUC) requires the states three investor-owned utilities -- Duke Energy, Progress Energy and Dominion North Carolina Power -- to make net metering...

  17. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Net metering is available to all "qualifying facilities" (QFs), as defined by the federal Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA)*, which pertains to systems up to 80 megawatts (MW)...

  18. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Montana's net-metering law, enacted in July 1999, applies to all customers of investor-owned utilities. Systems up to 50 kilowatts (kW) in capacity that generate electricity using solar, wind or...

  19. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Public Service Commission of Wisconsin (PSC) issued an order on January 26, 1982 requiring all regulated utilities to file tariffs allowing net metering to customers that generate electricity...

  20. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Rhode Island allows net metering for systems up to five megawatts (MW) in capacity that are designed to generate up to 100% of the electricity that a home or other facility uses. Systems that...

  1. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    '''''Note: In March 2011, Virginia enacted HB 1983, which increased the residential net-metering limit to 20 kW. However, residential facilities with a capacity of greater than 10 kW must pay a...

  2. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Net metering in West Virginia is available to all retail electricity customers. System capacity limits vary depending on the customer type and electric utility type, according to the following...

  3. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    North Dakota's net-metering policy, adopted in 1991 by the state Public Service Commission (PSC), applies to renewable-energy systems and combined heat and power (CHP) systems up to 100 kilowatts ...

  4. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Oregon has established separate net-metering programs for the state's primary investor-owned utilities (PGE and PacifiCorp), and for its municipal utilities and electric cooperatives.

  5. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    '''''The MPSC is reviewing state interconnection and net metering policies in [http://efile.mpsc.state.mi.us/efile/viewcase.php?casenum=15919&submit.x=... Case U-15919].'''''...

  6. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Utah law requires their only investor-owned utility, Rocky Mountain Power (RMP), and most electric cooperatives* to offer net metering to customers who generate electricity using solar energy, wind...

  7. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Washington's net-metering law applies to systems up to 100 kilowatts (kW) in capacity that generate electricity using solar, wind, hydro, biogas from animal waste, or combined heat and power...

  8. Object Petri Nets Using the Nets-within-Nets Paradigm.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamburg.Universit?¤t

    Object Petri Nets Using the Nets-within-Nets Paradigm. Rüdiger Valk. revised version from Jörg Desel, Wolfgang Reisig, and Grzegorz Rozenberg, editors, Advances in Petri Nets: Lectures on Concurrency and Petri Nets, volume 3098 of Lecture Notes in Compu- ter Science, pages 819-848. Springer-Verlag, Berlin

  9. Integrated Impact Analysis for Managing Software Changes Malcom Gethers1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poshyvanyk, Denys

    to estimate the impact set. Should additional contextual information be available, the approach configures, dynamic analysis, and data mining of past source code commits are considered. The research hypothesis of maintenance issues, such as feature requests and bug fixes, and their associated source code changes

  10. Palau- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Palau Net Metering Act of 2009 established net metering on the Island of Palau. Net metering was implemented in order to:

  11. Analysis: Targeting Zero Net Energy - 2014 BTO Peer Review | Department of

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed off Energy.gov. Are you0 ARRA NewslettersPartnership of the Americas | DepartmentAnalysis

  12. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    '''''Note: In July 2012, the Public Utilities Commission of Ohio (PUCO) opened a docket ([http://dis.puc.state.oh.us/CaseRecord.aspx?CaseNo=12-2050-EL-ORD Case 12-0250-EL-RDR]) to review the net...

  13. Performance Analysis of the SensorNet's Southeastern Transportation Corridor Pilot Viewer at the Dorchester West Bound Interstate Weigh Station

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Colon Mendoza, R.A.; Lagos, L.E. [Applied Research Center, Florida International Univ., Miami, FL (United States); Hill, D.E. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since the 9-11 attacks, the United States has increased its focus on developing technologies designed to warn us in the event of another attack and to prevent these attacks from happening in the first place. The SensorNet research group at Oak Ridge National Laboratory's (ORNL) Computer Science and Engineering Division is participating in this effort by developing systems to give critical real-time information to federal, state, and local emergency response decision makers. SensorNet has approached this goal by putting together a system with several sensors and programs called the Southeastern Transportation Corridor Pilot project (SETCP). The SETCP utilizes interstate weigh stations not only to weigh the passing trucks but also to check for gamma and neutron radiation inside the truck without the aid of a human in close proximity. The system also collects additional data that help identify the truck (the truck's length, weight, license plate number, and photographs of the truck). The objective of this research work was to characterize and analyze the data collected from the South Carolina weigh station on I-26W and compare it with previous data analysis on the performance of the Tennessee weigh station on I-40E. The purpose was to find patterns in the trucks with radioactive alarms and, regional truck traffic, as well as to find patterns of inconsistency in the system (illogical length measurements of the truck, inaccurate readings and character recognition of the license plate). During a three-month period, radioactive alarms and traffic patterns were identified and characterized by grouping all of the data and making graphs and charts in Microsoft Excel to show the flow of traffic, the type of truck traffic, the number of alarms and other information. Inconsistence patterns were found by analyzing the data, looking for missing or illogical information, and determining how often it happens. The improvements of these inconsistencies were also analyzed after repairs were made to the system. Given the small number of radiation alarms detected, there were no clear patterns found. Further research has to be done in this area; also, the analysis period needs to be extended from three months to a year. For traffic flow patterns, it was found that the truck traffic was heaviest on Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday. The inconsistencies found and fixed in the system were the illogical length measurements and the inaccurate reading and character recognition of the license plate. During the summer of 2007, a Florida International University (FIU) student supported this research work under the direct supervision of Mr. David Hill at ORNL's Computer Science and Engineering Division. The 10-week student internship was supported by the DOE/FIU Science and Technology Workforce Initiative, an innovative program developed by the US Department of Energy's Environmental Management (DOE-EM) and FIU's Applied Research Center (FIU-ARC) (authors)

  14. Climate change and energy security: an analysis of policy research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    King, Marcus Dubois [George Washington University] [George Washington University; Gulledge, Jay [ORNL] [ORNL

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The literature on climate change's impacts on energy security is scattered across disparate fields of research and schools of thought. Much of this literature has been produced outside of the academy by scholars and practitioners working in "think tanks," government agencies, and international/multilateral institutions. Here we reviewed a selected set of 58 articles and reports primarily from such sources and performed textual analysis of the arguments. Our review of this literature identifies three potential mechanisms for linking climate change and energy security: Climate change may 1) create second-order effects that may exacerbate social instability and disrupt energy systems; 2) directly impact energy supply and/or systems or 3) influence energy security through the effects of climate-related policies. We identify emerging risks to energy security driven by climate mitigation tech-nology choices but find less evidence of climate change's direct physical impacts. We used both empirical and qualitative selection factors for choosing the grey literature sample. The sources we selected were published in the last 5 years, available through electronic media and were written in language accessible to general policy or academic readers. The organi-zations that published the literature had performed previous research in the general fields of energy and/or climate change with some analytical content and identified themselves as non-partisan. This literature is particularly valuable to scholars because identifies understudied relationships that can be rigorously assessed through academic tools and methodologies and informs a translational research agenda that will allow scholars to engage with practitioners to address challenges that lie at the nexus of climate change and energy security.

  15. Net Requirements Transparency Process for Slice/Block Customers

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    4, 2012 Net Requirements Transparency Process for SliceBlock Customers Description of Changes and a Response to Comments September 24, 2012 Background and Description of Changes:...

  16. Risk Analysis for Water Resources Under Climate Change, Population Growth, and Land Use Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kiparsky, Michael

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2006). Climate Change Impacts on Water for Agriculture in2006). Climate Change Impacts on Water for Agriculture infuture climate change impacts on water for agriculture and

  17. UMTC Climate Action Plan: Roadmap to Net Zero

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    UMTC Climate Action Plan: Roadmap to Net Zero Emissions Co-chairs of UMTC Sustainability Committee changes Goal: Develop a plan for achieving net zero greenhouse gas emissions #12;UMTC Greenhouse Gas

  18. Kansas- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Kansas adopted the Net Metering and Easy Connection Act in May 2009 (see K.S.A. 66-1263 through 66-1271), establishing net metering for customers of investor-owned utilities in Kansas. Net metering...

  19. Supported by GreenNet-EU27

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Figueiredo Integration costs of wind due to changed system operation and investment decisions in GermanySupported by GreenNet-EU27 EIE/04/049/S07.38561 GreenNet-EU27 GUIDING A LEAST COST GRID INTEGRATION cost and grid extension cost caused by intermittent RES-E grid integration Derk Jan Swider (Ed

  20. Climate change risk and response

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kahrl, Fredrich; Roland-Holst, David

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    net impact of climate change on agriculture in California,of Climate Change on California Agriculture. PresentationEffects of Climate Change on California Agriculture Positive

  1. Risk Dynamics?An Analysis for the Risk of Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Tailin

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Is Quantitative Risk Assessment?" Risk Analysis, Aubrey,quantitative methods of how people do science, engineering and risk analysisthe Quantitative Definition of Risk." Risk Analysis, 1(1),

  2. Quantitative Analysis of Biofuel Sustainability, Including Land Use Change GHG Emissions

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Plenary V: Biofuels and Sustainability: Acknowledging Challenges and Confronting MisconceptionsQuantitative Analysis of Biofuel Sustainability, Including Land Use Change GHG EmissionsJennifer B....

  3. Potential impacts of global climate change on Tijuana River Watershed hydrology - An initial analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Das, Tapash; Dettinger, Michael D; Cayan, Daniel R

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on Tijuana River Watershed hydrology - An initial analysis Achanges may impact the hydrology of the Tijuana Riverclimate changes might impact hydrology in the Tijuana River

  4. Impact Analysis of Database Schema Changes Andy Maule, Wolfgang Emmerich and David S. Rosenblum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Emmerich, Wolfgang

    Impact Analysis of Database Schema Changes Andy Maule, Wolfgang Emmerich and David S. RosenblumBT, UK {a.maule|w.emmerich|d.rosenblum}@cs.ucl.ac.uk ABSTRACT We propose static program analysis

  5. Analysis of terrestrial water storage changes from GRACE and GLDAS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Syed, Tajdarul H; Famiglietti, James S; Rodell, Matthew; Chen, Jianli; Wilson, Clark R

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2007), Estimating ground water storage changes in theand ground- water stores, so that we were unable to quantify their potentially considerable contributions to storage

  6. SELECTIVITY OF TOWED-NET SAMPLERS RICHARD A. BARKLEY'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SELECTIVITY OF TOWED-NET SAMPLERS RICHARD A. BARKLEY' ABSTRACf The ideal sampler for plankton theoretical analysis of one aspect of selectivity, avoidance of towed-net samplers. The theory is evaluated against three sets of paired samples obtained by different nets at different speeds to provide absolute

  7. MathNetMathNetMathNet Mathematical Preprint ServersMathematical Preprint Servers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MathNetMathNetMathNet Mathematical Preprint ServersMathematical Preprint Servers Jonas GomesIMPA - Rio de Janeiro #12;MathNetMathNetMathNet Preprint ServerPreprint Server ·· What is a Preprint server;MathNetMathNetMathNet Preprint ServerPreprint Server ·· DatabaseDatabase ·· Store preprints

  8. WHY CONVENTIONAL TOOLS FOR POLICY ANALYSIS ARE OFTEN INADEQUATE FOR PROBLEMS OF GLOBAL CHANGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Risbey, James S.

    WHY CONVENTIONAL TOOLS FOR POLICY ANALYSIS ARE OFTEN INADEQUATE FOR PROBLEMS OF GLOBAL CHANGE of tools for quantitative policy analysis. As policy analysts have turned to the consideration of climate and other problems of global change, they have found it natural to employ such now standard tools as utility

  9. Involving Geospatial Information in the Analysis of Land-Cover Change along the Tanzania Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Y.Q. "Yeqiao"

    Involving Geospatial Information in the Analysis of Land-Cover Change along the Tanzania Coast.1080/08920750590883132 Involving Geospatial Information in the Analysis of Land-Cover Change along the Tanzania Coast YEQIAO WANG and the area of woodland interspersed with agriculture increased. This study demonstrates how geospatial

  10. Climate change and the socioeconomics of global food production: A quantitative analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    1 Climate change and the socioeconomics of global food production: A quantitative analysis of how, Andrew J. Dougill and Piers M. Forster August 2010 Centre for Climate Change Economics and Policy Working Paper No. 29 #12;2 The Centre for Climate Change Economics and Policy (CCCEP) was established

  11. Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation Analysis How to Link Physical Climate Data and Economic Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation Analysis How to Link Physical Climate Data and Economic There are a number of structural and conceptual differences between the information provided by climate change models of economic concepts applied to climate change impact and adaptation policy assessment, and to illustrate how

  12. Fast Change Point Detection for Electricity Market Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    UC Berkeley; Gu, William; Choi, Jaesik; Gu, Ming; Simon, Horst; Wu, Kesheng

    2013-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Electricity is a vital part of our daily life; therefore it is important to avoid irregularities such as the California Electricity Crisis of 2000 and 2001. In this work, we seek to predict anomalies using advanced machine learning algorithms. These algorithms are effective, but computationally expensive, especially if we plan to apply them on hourly electricity market data covering a number of years. To address this challenge, we significantly accelerate the computation of the Gaussian Process (GP) for time series data. In the context of a Change Point Detection (CPD) algorithm, we reduce its computational complexity from O($n^{5}$) to O($n^{2}$). Our efficient algorithm makes it possible to compute the Change Points using the hourly price data from the California Electricity Crisis. By comparing the detected Change Points with known events, we show that the Change Point Detection algorithm is indeed effective in detecting signals preceding major events.

  13. An environmental change detection and analysis tool using terrestrial video

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Velez, Javier, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We developed a prototype system to detect and flag changes between pairs of geo-tagged videos of the same scene with similar camera trajectories. The purpose of the system is to help human video analysts detect threats ...

  14. Hardware engineering change management : an enterprise analysis of factors contributing to technical change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knight, Matthew T. (Matthew Trevor)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Engineering change management (ECM) is an essential but challenging cross-functional discipline within modern product development firms. ECM is best explained as a discipline because no single process can characterize the ...

  15. Climate Change Mitigation: An Analysis of Advanced Technology Scenarios

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clarke, Leon E.; Wise, Marshall A.; Placet, Marylynn; Izaurralde, R Cesar; Lurz, Joshua P.; Kim, Son H.; Smith, Steven J.; Thomson, Allison M.

    2006-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents a scenario analysis that explores three advanced technology pathways toward climate stabilization using the MiniCAM model.

  16. Risk Dynamics?An Analysis for the Risk of Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Tailin

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bookstaber, R. (1999). "Risk Management in ComplexG. E. (2004). "How Useful Is Quantitative Risk Assessment?"Risk Analysis, Aubrey, A. (2010). "Preventing Diabetes:

  17. CONTRIBUTION OF THE NET PLANKTON AND NANNOPLANKTON TO THE STANDING STOCKS AND PRIMARY PRODUCTIVITY IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CONTRIBUTION OF THE NET PLANKTON AND NANNOPLANKTON TO THE STANDING STOCKS AND PRIMARY PRODUCTIVITY IN MONTEREY BAY, CALIFORNIA DURING THE UPWELLING SEASON DAVID L. GARRISON' ABSTRACT Net plankton by net plankton. Both fractions showed seasonal changes: the net plankton concentrations increased

  18. Avista Utilities- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Idaho does not have a statewide net-metering policy. However, each of the state's three investor-owned utilities -- Avista Utilities, Idaho Power and Rocky Mountain Power -- has developed a net...

  19. Idaho Power- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Idaho does not have a statewide net-metering policy. However, each of the state's three investor-owned utilities -- Avista Utilities, Idaho Power and Rocky Mountain Power -- has developed a net...

  20. Progress Energy- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In August 2009, the South Carolina Public Service Commission issued an order mandating net metering be made available by the regulated electric utilities; the order incorporates a net metering...

  1. Net Metering Rules (Arkansas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Net Metering Rules are promulgated under the authority of the Arkansas Public Service Commission. These rules are created to establish rules for net energy metering and interconnection. These...

  2. Duke Energy- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In August 2009, the South Carolina Public Service Commission issued an order mandating net metering be made available by the regulating utilities; the order incorporates a net metering settlement...

  3. Freeze-out conditions from net-proton and net-charge fluctuations at RHIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paolo Alba; Wanda Alberico; Rene Bellwied; Marcus Bluhm; Valentina Mantovani Sarti; Marlene Nahrgang; Claudia Ratti

    2014-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We calculate ratios of higher-order susceptibilities quantifying fluctuations in the number of net protons and in the net-electric charge using the Hadron Resonance Gas (HRG) model. We take into account the effect of resonance decays, the kinematic acceptance cuts in rapidity, pseudo-rapidity and transverse momentum used in the experimental analysis, as well as a randomization of the isospin of nucleons in the hadronic phase. By comparing these results to the latest experimental data from the STAR collaboration, we determine the freeze-out conditions from net-electric charge and net-proton distributions and discuss their consistency.

  4. Risk Analysis for Water Resources Under Climate Change, Population Growth, and Land Use Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kiparsky, Michael

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    with Uncertainty in Quantitative Risk and Policy Analysis.of Uncertainty." Journal of Risk and Uncertainty 5(4): 297-Carbone (2005). "Feeling at risk matters: Water managers and

  5. NetSeed User Manual NetSeed is a toolkit for identifying the seed set of networks, available as an online tool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borenstein, Elhanan

    of Washington and is available online at http://elbo.gs.washington.edu/tools/NetSeed/. NetSeed>Web NetSeed>Web allows researchers to calculate the seed set of a network online and requires only a web browser. The NetSeed>Web and functional analysis options. Overview of use To determine the seed set of a network using NetSeed>Web

  6. Analysis of volumetric changes through melting using a dilatometer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frankel, Jay I [ORNL; Porter, Wallace D [ORNL; Sabau, Adrian S [ORNL

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A conventional push-rod dilatometer is modified in order to accurately correlate the measured density to the predicted sample temperature of alloys in the phase-change regime. This new configuration makes use of a standard furnace assembly; however, the specimen is now symmetrically encased in a well-instrumented, graphite cylindrical shell. The combination of system geometry and high-conductivity sample holder material promotes the development of a simplified heat transfer model. The solution of this model properly correlates the measured density to that of the actual sample temperature based on using remote, sample-holder temperature measurements. Preliminary results using aluminum A356 provide insight into the proposed configuration.

  7. An objective change point analysis of landfalling historical Atlantic hurricane numbers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jewson, S; Jewson, Stephen; Penzer, Jeremy

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In previous work we have analysed the Atlantic basin hurricane number time-series to identify decadal time-scale change points. We now repeat the analysis but for US landfalling hurricanes. The results are very different.

  8. Satellite image analysis for surveillance, vegetation and climate change

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cai, D Michael [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2011-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently, many studies have provided abundant evidence to show the trend of tree mortality is increasing in many regions, and the cause of tree mortality is associated with drought, insect outbreak, or fire. Unfortunately, there is no current capability available to monitor vegetation changes, and correlate and predict tree mortality with CO{sub 2} change, and climate change on the global scale. Different survey platforms (methods) have been used for forest management. Typical ground-based forest surveys measure tree stem diameter, species, and alive or dead. The measurements are low-tech and time consuming, but the sample sizes are large, running into millions of trees, covering large areas, and spanning many years. These field surveys provide powerful ground validation for other survey methods such as photo survey, helicopter GPS survey, and aerial overview survey. The satellite imagery has much larger coverage. It is easier to tile the different images together, and more important, the spatial resolution has been improved such that close to or even higher than aerial survey platforms. Today, the remote sensing satellite data have reached sub-meter spatial resolution for panchromatic channels (IKONOS 2: 1 m; Quickbird-2: 0.61 m; Worldview-2: 0.5 m) and meter spatial resolution for multi-spectral channels (IKONOS 2: 4 meter; Quickbird-2: 2.44 m; Worldview-2: 2 m). Therefore, high resolution satellite imagery can allow foresters to discern individual trees. This vital information should allow us to quantify physiological states of trees, e.g. healthy or dead, shape and size of tree crowns, as well as species and functional compositions of trees. This is a powerful data resource, however, due to the vast amount of the data collected daily, it is impossible for human analysts to review the imagery in detail to identify the vital biodiversity information. Thus, in this talk, we will discuss the opportunities and challenges to use high resolution satellite imagery and machine learning theory to monitor tree mortality at the level of individual trees.

  9. Product flexibility measurement with enhanced change modes and effects analysis (CMEA)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seepersad, Carolyn Conner

    Product flexibility measurement with enhanced change modes and effects analysis (CMEA) Darren A of Texas, Austin, TX 78712, USA Product designers seek to create products that are not only robust techniques exist for understanding and assessing the flexibility of products for future change. In this paper

  10. An objective change-point analysis of historical Atlantic hurricane numbers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jewson, S; Jewson, Stephen; Penzer, Jeremy

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We perform an objective change-point analysis on 106 years of historical hurricane number data. The algorithm we use looks at all possible combinations of change-points and compares them in terms of the variances of the differences between real and modelled numbers. Overfitting is avoided by using cross-validation. We identify four change-points, and show that the presence of temporal structure in the hurricane number time series is highly statistically significant.

  11. Net Energy Metering (NEM)

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the Arizona Public Service Co. (APS) request for a charge on future rooftop solar panel installations connected to the grid under the state's net energy metering (NEM)...

  12. Net Energy Billing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    All of Maine's electric utilities -- investor-owned utilities (IOUs), consumer-owned utilities (COUs), which include municipal utilities and electric cooperatives -- must offer net energy billing...

  13. kpro-net.inf

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ... us and help promote the Kaypro as the best portable computer today. Any Sysop's wishing to join the K-Net please contact Steve Sanders through this system.

  14. Changes in protein expression in maturing equine testis: a quantitative DIGE analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roper-Foo, Pilar

    2011-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

    in -80 o C while awaiting mass spectrometric analysis. LC/MS/MS analysis and database search Nanospray LC/MS/MS was performed on an LCQ DecaXP 3D Ion Trap Mass Spectrometer (ThermoFinnigan, San Jose, CA). Extracted peptides were concentrated... CHANGES IN PROTEIN EXPRESSION IN MATURING EQUINE TESTIS: A QUANTITATIVE DIGE ANALYSIS Major: Genetics April 2009 Submitted to the Office of Undergraduate Research Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment...

  15. PSEG Long Island- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Although PSEG Long Islands net metering policy is not governed by the States net metering law, the provisions are similar to the State law. Net metering is available for residential, non-reside...

  16. Washington City Power- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Washington City adopted a net-metering program, including interconnection procedures, in January 2008.* Net metering is available to residential and commercial customers that generate electricity...

  17. Guam- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Guam's Public Utilities Commission (PUC) reviewed net metering and interconnection during a regular meeting in February 2009 (Docket 08-10). Please contact the [http://www.guampuc.com/ Guam PUC]...

  18. LADWP- Net Metering (California)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    LADWP allows its customers to net meter their photovoltaic (PV), wind, and hybrid systems with a capacity of not more than one megawatt. LADWP will provide the necessary metering equipment unless...

  19. Net Metering (Ontario, Canada)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Ontario's net metering regulation allows you to send electricity generated from renewable sources to the electrical grid for a credit toward your energy costs. Here's how it works. Your utility...

  20. Puerto Rico- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Puerto Rico enacted net-metering legislation in August 2007, allowing customers of Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority (PREPA) to use electricity generated by solar, wind or "other" renewable...

  1. LADWP- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    LADWP allows its customers to net meter their photovoltaic (PV), wind, and hybrid systems with a capacity of not more than one megawatt. LADWP will provide the necessary metering equipment unless...

  2. Ashland Electric- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In 1996, Ashland adopted a net-metering program that includes simple interconnection guidelines. The program encourages the adoption of renewable-energy systems by committing the city to purchase,...

  3. Timeline for Net Requirements

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    x By July 31 of each Forecast Year, BPA publishes all Load Following customers' Net Requirements data for the two years of the upcoming Rate Period. 17.6.1 7312010 Yes...

  4. An Adaptive Approach to Impact Analysis from Change Requests to Source Code

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poshyvanyk, Denys

    of change be available, evolutionary couplings are mined from the commits in software repositories the best-fit combination of information retrieval, dynamic analysis, and data mining of past source code), has been recognized as a key maintenance activity. IA aims at estimating the potentially impacted

  5. NUMERICAL ANALYSIS OF VENTILATION TEMPERATURES REGULATION BY ENERGY STORAGE IN PHASE CHANGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    NUMERICAL ANALYSIS OF VENTILATION TEMPERATURES REGULATION BY ENERGY STORAGE IN PHASE CHANGE, the use of thermal energy storage (TES) systems receives increasing interest. To allow high or low temperature thermal energy to be stored for later use, a heat or cool storage with PCM could be designed; Zhu

  6. Transient luminous events above two mesoscale convective systems: Charge moment change analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rutledge, Steven

    Transient luminous events above two mesoscale convective systems: Charge moment change analysis that were parents of transient luminous events (TLEs; mainly sprites) over two different storms: 9 May (20. A. Rutledge, and D. R. MacGorman (2011), Transient luminous events above two mesoscale convective

  7. Heart Rate Regulation processed through wavelet analysis and change detection. Some case studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    Heart Rate Regulation processed through wavelet analysis and change detection. Some case studies-mail: veronique.billat@wanadoo.fr December 29, 2010 Abstract Heart rate variability (HRV) is an indicator of the regulation of the heart engine, Task Force (1996). This study compares the regulation of the heart in two

  8. Sea level rise implications on shoreline changes: expectations from a retrospective analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    Sea level rise implications on shoreline changes: expectations from a retrospective analysis Gonri de Recherche et de Formation en Calcul Scientifique (Cerfacs) Sea level rise is a major consequence level rise is up to 3 times the global mean rate (estimated as 3.5 mm per year since the early 1990s

  9. N=2 superconformal nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sebastiano Carpi; Robin Hillier; Yasuyuki Kawahigashi; Roberto Longo; Feng Xu

    2014-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We provide an Operator Algebraic approach to N=2 chiral Conformal Field Theory and set up the Noncommutative Geometric framework. Compared to the N=1 case, the structure here is much richer. There are naturally associated nets of spectral triples and the JLO cocycles separate the Ramond sectors. We construct the N=2 superconformal nets of von Neumann algebras in general, classify them in the discrete series cnets with cnet representations.

  10. 2007 NET SYSTEM POWER REPORT STAFFREPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION 2007 NET SYSTEM POWER REPORT STAFFREPORT April 2008 CEC-200 .................................................................................................................. 1 Net System Power Findings.............................................................................................. 4 Net System Power and Sources of California Electric Generation

  11. RAAG_A_288073 RAAG.cls January 23, 2008 19:32 Survival Analysis in Land Change Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Daniel G.

    P1: tpa RAAG_A_288073 RAAG.cls January 23, 2008 19:32 Survival Analysis in Land Change Science in different space time data models, this study aims to establish a framework for applying survival analysis theory and techniques to geographical land change modeling. Our efforts focus on (1) introducing basic

  12. Status of Net Metering: Assessing the Potential to Reach Program Caps (Poster)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heeter, J.; Bird, L.; Gelman, R.

    2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Several states are addressing the issue of net metering program caps, which limit the total amount of net metered generating capacity that can be installed in a state or utility service territory. In this analysis, we examine net metering caps to gain perspective on how long net metering will be available in various jurisdictions under current policies. We also surveyed state practices and experience to understand important policy design considerations.

  13. Status of Net Metering: Assessing the Potential to Reach Program Caps

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heeter, J.; Gelman, R.; Bird, L.

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Several states are addressing the issue of net metering program caps, which limit the total amount of net metered generating capacity that can be installed in a state or utility service territory. In this analysis, we examine net metering caps to gain perspective on how long net metering will be available in various jurisdictions under current policies. We also surveyed state practices and experience to understand important policy design considerations.

  14. Participatory analysis for adaptation to climate change in Mediterranean agricultural systems: making use of possible choices in process design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Participatory analysis for adaptation to climate change in Mediterranean agricultural systems adaptation measures to climate change at a local level, based on foresight analyses undertaken with actors actors may not judge the climate change issue as being part of their more urgent concerns. The present

  15. N. Mariana Islands- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Note: The Commonwealth Utility Corporation issued a moratorium on net metering. However, Public Law 18-62 signed September 6, 2014 states that net metering should be available to all residential...

  16. Rocky Mountain Power- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Idaho does not have a statewide net-metering policy. However, each of the state's three investor-owned utilities -- Avista Utilities, Idaho Power and Rocky Mountain Power -- has a net-metering...

  17. SCE&G- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In August 2009, the South Carolina Public Service Commission issued an order mandating net metering be made available by the regulated electric utilities; the order incorporates a net metering...

  18. Petri Nets (for Planners) ICAPS 2009 --

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haslum, Patrik

    Petri Nets (for Planners) ICAPS 2009 -- Introduction 1-Safe Petri Nets: Basic Definitions Transition Systems Petri Nets Petri Nets for Planning Unfolding Transition Systems Products and Petri Nets in Product Systems Directed Unfolding Planning via Unfolding & Concurrency From Planning Problem to Petri Net

  19. NEW WORK AND STUDY OPPORTUNITIES IN CLIMATE CHANGE Climate System Analysis Group (CSAG)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Ronald C.

    . - Postdoc: Climate modeling - Postdoc: Climate change information communication and dissemination - Research Associate: Climate change information communication and dissemination - PhD: Climate change information communication and dissemination - MSc/PhD: Physical science of climate change What to expect: Successful

  20. Net Metering (New Brunswick, Canada)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The NB Power Net Metering program provides customers with the option to connect their own environmentally sustainable generation unit to NB Power's distribution system. The program allows customers...

  1. Road to Net Zero (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glover, B.

    2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A PowerPoint presentation on NREL's Research Support Facility (RSF) and the road to achieving net zero energy for new construction.

  2. Interleaving Semantics of Petri Nets Concurrency Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ábrahám, Erika

    Interleaving Semantics of Petri Nets Concurrency Theory Interleaving Semantics of Petri Nets Joost/47 Interleaving Semantics of Petri Nets Overview 1 Introduction 2 Basic net concepts 3 The interleaving semantics of Petri nets 4 Sequential runs 5 Summary Joost-Pieter Katoen and Thomas Noll Concurrency Theory 2

  3. Weekly Blender Net Production

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline prices4 Oil demand expected toallBlender Net

  4. Improving the Assessment and Valuation of Climate Change Impacts for Policy and Regulatory Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marten, Alex; Kopp, Robert E.; Shouse, Kate C.; Griffiths, Charles; Hodson, Elke L.; Kopits, Elizabeth; Mignone, Bryan K.; Moore, Chris; Newbold, Steve; Waldhoff, Stephanie T.; Wolverton, Ann

    2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The social cost of carbon (SCC) is a monetized metric for evaluating the benefits associated with marginal reductions in carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. It represents the expected welfare loss from the future damages caused by the release of one tonne of CO2 in a given year, expressed in consumption equivalent terms. It is intended to be a comprehensive measure, taking into account changes in agricultural productivity, human health risks, loss of ecosystem services and biodiversity, and the frequency and severity of flooding and storms, among other possible impacts. Estimating the SCC requires long-term modeling of global economic activity, the climate system, and the linkages between the two through anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and the effects of changing climatic conditions on economic activity and human well-being. The United States government currently uses the SCC in regulatory benefit-cost analyses to assess the welfare effects of changes in CO2 emissions. Consistent application of the SCC to federal rulemaking analyses began in 2009-2010 with the development of a set of global SCC estimates that employed three prominent integrated assessment models (IAMs) -- DICE, FUND, and PAGE. The U.S. government report identified a number of limitations associated with SCC estimates in general and its own assumptions in particular: an incomplete treatment of damages, including potential catastrophic impacts; uncertainty regarding the extrapolation of damage functions to high temperatures; incomplete treatment of adaptation and technological change; and the evaluation of uncertain outcomes in a risk-neutral fashion. External experts have identified other potential issues, including how best to model long-term socio-economic and emissions pathways, oversimplified physical climate and carbon cycle modeling within the IAMs, and an inconsistency between non-constant economic growth scenarios and constant discount rates. The U.S. government has committed to updating the estimates regularly as modeling capabilities and scientific and economic knowledge improves. To help foster further improvements in estimating the SCC, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Department of Energy hosted a pair of workshops on Improving the Assessment and Valuation of Climate Change Impacts for Policy and Regulatory Analysis. The first focused on conceptual and methodological issues related to integrated assessment modeling and the second brought together natural and social scientists to explore methods for improving damage assessment for multiple sectors. These two workshops provide the basis for the 13 papers in this special issue.

  5. Feasibility of Achieving a Zero-Net-Energy, Zero-Net-Cost Homes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feasibility of Achieving a Zero-Net-Energy, Zero-Net-Cost Homes 1 fey, 1David Feasibility of Achieving a ZeroNetEnergy, ZeroNetCost Homes 1 #12;2 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The material reduction, by requiring design entries to meet "zero net energy" and "zero net cost" criteria

  6. EHS-Net Cooling Study EHS-Net Cooling Study Protocol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EHS-Net Cooling Study 1 EHS-Net Cooling Study Protocol 1. Title EHS-Net Cooling Study 2. Research (EHS-Net) special study. EHS-Net is a collaboration involving the Centers for Disease Control confirmed foodborne outbreaks in the US (unpublished FoodNet data). These data clearly indicate

  7. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 65056525, 2008 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/8/6505/2008/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    , the long-term climatological means of these quantities are also different. These climatological net effects differences in upwelling and, higher up, the associated temperature change. We show that a net surplus of up strato- spheric dynamics, i.e. the dynamics of waves and the trans- port and chemistry of trace gases can

  8. Net Carbon Flux from US Croplands at 1km2 Resolution.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Net Carbon Flux from US Croplands at 1km2 Resolution. This estimate includes all on-site sources and sinks of carbon Agronomic Feedstock Production and Environmental Impact Analyses ORNL uses high-resolution projections of feedstock production in analyses of soil carbon change, soil erosion, energy use, net

  9. Courtesy of Sandro Ierovante Distributed by WWW.LENSINC.NET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kleinfeld, David

    Courtesy of Sandro Ierovante Distributed by WWW.LENSINC.NET #12;Distributed by WWW.LENSINC.NET #12;Distributed by WWW.LENSINC.NET #12;Distributed by WWW.LENSINC.NET #12;Distributed by WWW.LENSINC.NET #12;Distributed by WWW.LENSINC.NET #12;Distributed by WWW.LENSINC.NET #12;Distributed by WWW.LENSINC.NET #12

  10. Sensitivity analysis of a nonlinear Newton-Krylov solver for heat transfer with phase change.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Henninger, Rudolph J.; Knoll, D. A. (Dana A.); Kothe, D. B. (Douglas B.); Lally, B. R. (Bryan R.)

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Development of a complex metal-casting computer model requires information about how varying the problem parameters affects the results (metal flow and solidification). For example, we would like to know how the last point to solidify or the cooling rate at a given location changes when the physical properties of the metal, boundary conditions, or mold geometry are changed. As a preliminary step towards a complete sensitivity analysis of a three-dimensional casting simulation, we examine a one-dimensional version of a metal-alloy phase-change conductive-heat-transfer model by means of Automatic Differentiation (AD). This non-linear 'Jacobian-free' method is a combination of an outer Newton-based iteration and an inner conjugate gradient-like (Krylov) iteration. The implicit solution algorithm has enthalpy as the dependent variable from which temperatures are determined. We examine the sensitivities of the difference between an exact analytical solution for the final temperature and that produced by this algorithm to the problem parameters. In all there are 17 parameters (12 physical constants such as liquid density, heat capacity, and thermal conductivity, 2 initial and boundary condition parameters, the final solution time, and 2 algorithm tolerances). We apply AD in the forward and reverse mode and verify the sensitivities by means of finite differences. In general, the finite-difference method requires at least N+1 computer runs to determine sensitivities for N problem parameters. By forward and reverse, we mean the direction through the solution and in time and space in which the derivative values are obtained. The forward mode is typically more efficient for determining the sensitivity of many responses to one or a few parameters, while the reverse mode is better suited for sensitivities of one or a few responses with respect to many parameters. The sensitivities produced by all the methods agreed to at least three significant figures. The forward and reverse AD code run times were similar and were approximately 34% faster than those of the finite-difference sensitivities. Real problems in three dimensions will certainly have many more parameters describing mold geometry and pouring conditions. If the trend seen here holds true reverse mode AD is favored since the computational time increases only slightly for additional parameters.

  11. SESILwww.nordSESIL.net NordSESIL.net

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;Nord SESILwww.nordSESIL.net Many communities in the Nordic region have: · remote locations · small populations · isolated energy systems · high enegy costs · high relative energy demands (heating

  12. Conformal nets II: conformal blocks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arthur Bartels; Christopher L. Douglas; Andr Henriques

    2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Conformal nets provide a mathematical formalism for conformal field theory. Associated to a conformal net with finite index, we give a construction of the `bundle of conformal blocks', a representation of the mapping class groupoid of closed topological surfaces into the category of finite-dimensional projective Hilbert spaces. We also construct infinite-dimensional spaces of conformal blocks for topological surfaces with smooth boundary. We prove that the conformal blocks satisfy a factorization formula for gluing surfaces along circles, and an analogous formula for gluing surfaces along intervals. We use this interval factorization property to give a new proof of the modularity of the category of representations of a conformal net.

  13. Analysis of the sensitivity of calculated k{sub eff} to changes in NCS parameters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Winiarski, R. Jr. [Parallax, Inc., Paducah, KY (United States); Risner, V. [Lockheed Martin Utility Services, Inc., Paducah, KY (United States)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PGDP), under the management of the United States Enrichment Corporation is undergoing transition in regulatory authority from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). One aspect of this transfer is a request by the NRC for justification of the continued use of a 0.02 margin of subcriticality (defined in terms of k{sub eff}) in calculating k{sub eff} when the criticality safety of a system is based on k{sub eff} calculations. This explanation is requested because of the NRC desired margin of subcriticality of 0.05, which is documented in several ANS/ANSI standards for other types of facilities, namely, light water reactor fuel storage facilities. Currently, there is no official documentation that specifies the magnitude of the margin of subcriticality at current or former DOE facilities, other than that stating that one should exist. However, the DOE has accepted a maximum subcritical value of 0.95 for storage of fissile material. The PGDP currently uses an upper safety limit of 0.9596, which results in a margin of subcriticality of {approximately}0.02, based on the current validation report. This analysis documents the change in various criticality safety parameters (e.g., maximum mass of uranium, maximum allowable slab height, etc.) for the critical value (as determined by the validation) and for both a 0.02 and 0.05 margin of subcriticality.

  14. Analysis of Mandatory and Discretionary Lane Change Behaviors for Heavy Trucks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peng, Huei

    Administration (NHTSA) in 2004. 500 lane changes with sedans and SUVs were used to examine lane change behaviors and safety envelope [5]. Another NHTSA project, the 100-Car Naturalistic Driving Study, with primary goal

  15. An historical analysis of landscape structure change at Birch Creek State Park, Lake Somerville, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia, Leigh Ann

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Changes in land-use subsequently affect the landscape's spatial patterning and ecological processes. This thesis applies concepts of landscape ecology in order to assess the degree of landscape structural change which has taken place due...

  16. An historical analysis of landscape structure change at Birch Creek State Park, Lake Somerville, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia, Leigh Ann

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Changes in land-use subsequently affect the landscape's spatial patterning and ecological processes. This thesis applies concepts of landscape ecology in order to assess the degree of landscape structural change which has taken place due...

  17. Spatial and doseresponse analysis of fibrotic lung changes after stereotactic body radiation therapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vinogradskiy, Yevegeniy; Diot, Quentin; Kavanagh, Brian; Schefter, Tracey; Gaspar, Laurie; Miften, Moyed [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado 80045 (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado 80045 (United States)

    2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) is becoming the standard of care for early stage nonoperable lung cancers. Accurate doseresponse modeling is challenging for SBRT because of the decreased number of clinical toxicity events. As a surrogate for a clinical toxicity endpoint, studies have proposed to use radiographic changes in follow up computed tomography (CT) scans to evaluate lung SBRT normal tissue effects. The purpose of the current study was to use local fibrotic lung regions to spatially and dosimetrically evaluate lung changes in patients that underwent SBRT.Methods: Forty seven SBRT patients treated at our institution from 2003 to 2009 were used for the current study. Our patient cohort had a total of 148 follow up CT scans ranging from 3 to 48 months post-therapy. Post-treatment scans were binned into intervals of 3, 6, 12, 18, 24, 30, and 36 months after the completion of treatment. Deformable image registration was used to align the follow up CT scans with the pretreatment CT and dose distribution. Areas of visible fibrotic changes were contoured. The centroid of each gross tumor volume (GTV) and contoured fibrosis volume was calculated and the fibrosis volume location and movement (magnitude and direction) relative to the GTV and 30 Gy isodose centroid were analyzed. To perform a doseresponse analysis, each voxel in the fibrosis volume was sorted into 10 Gy dose bins and the average CT number value for each dose bin was calculated. Doseresponse curves were generated by plotting the CT number as a function of dose bin and time posttherapy.Results: Both fibrosis and GTV centroids were concentrated in the upper third of the lung. The average radial movement of fibrosis centroids relative to the GTV centroids was 2.6 cm with movement greater than 5 cm occurring in 11% of patients. Evaluating doseresponse curves revealed an overall trend of increasing CT number as a function of dose. The authors observed a CT number plateau at doses ranging from 30 to 50 Gy for the 3, 6, and 12 months posttherapy time points. There was no evident plateau for the doseresponse curves generated using data from the 18, 24, 30, and 36 months posttherapy time points.Conclusions: Regions of local fibrotic lung changes in patients that underwent SBRT were evaluated spatially and dosimetrically. The authors found that the average fibrosis movement was 2.6 cm with movement greater than 5 cm possible. Evaluating doseresponse curves revealed an overall trend of increasing CT number as a function of dose. Furthermore, our doseresponse data also suggest that one of the possible explanations of the CT number plateau effect may be the time posttherapy of the acquired data. Understanding normal tissue doseresponse is important for reducing toxicity after SBRT, especially in cases where larger tumors are treated. The methods presented in the current work build on prior quantitative studies and further enhance the understanding of normal lung doseresponse after SBRT.

  18. Implementing Self-Organising Virtual Enterprises Using Social Behaviour Nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    to support Internet-based virtual enterprises are currently characterised as having fixed process models, fixed meta-data models and a fixed set of users at project inception. This paper proposes the So to a combination of its own goals and state changes. The SoBeNet test-bed is based on the Java JADE environment

  19. Friends or Foes? A Conceptual Analysis of Self-Adaptation and IT Change Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newcastle upon Tyne, University of

    the current practice in ITIL Change Management as initial reference point. We define the required responsibilities and a generic conceptual object model and map them to the ITIL Change Management roles to evaluate the current practice in ITIL Change Management as initial reference point. We define the required

  20. Automating Presentation Changes in Dynamic Web Applications via Collaborative Hybrid Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Tao

    Xiaoyin Wang1 , Lu Zhang1 , Tao Xie2 , Yingfei Xiong1 , Hong Mei1 1 Key Laboratory of High Confidence display errors, adding user-interface controls, or changing appearance styles. To change the presentation that generates the web pages. As manually performing presentation changes in dynamic web ap- plications

  1. Analysis of the effect of climate change on the yield of crops in Turkey using a statistical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurnaz, Levent

    Analysis of the effect of climate change on the yield of crops in Turkey using a statistical, Boaziçi University, 34342, Istanbul, Turkey 2 Institute of Environmental Sciences, Boaziçi University, 34342, Istanbul, Turkey *corresponding author e-mail: hamza.altinsoy@boun.edu.tr Abstract In this study

  2. Multi-Focused Geospatial Analysis Using Probes Thomas Butkiewicz, Wenwen Dou, Zachary Wartell, William Ribarsky, and Remco Chang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wartell, Zachary

    Multi-Focused Geospatial Analysis Using Probes Thomas Butkiewicz, Wenwen Dou, Zachary Wartell, William Ribarsky, and Remco Chang Abstract--Traditional geospatial information visualizations often be incorporated into a variety of geospatial visualizations to empower users with the ability to observe

  3. 2004 NET SYSTEM POWER CALCULATION COMMISSIONREPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION 2004 NET SYSTEM POWER CALCULATION COMMISSIONREPORT April 2005 CEC-300 on net system power [Senate Bill 1305, (Sher), Chapter 796, Statute of 1997]1 . Net system power in California. Net system power plays a role in California's retail disclosure program, which requires every

  4. Valley Electric Association- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Board of Directors for Valley Electric Association (VEA) approved net metering in April 2008. The rules apply to systems up to 30 kW, though owners of larger systems may be able to negotiate...

  5. Net Zero Energy Installations (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Booth, S.

    2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A net zero energy installation (NZEI) is one that produces as much energy from on-site renewable sources as it consumes. NZEI assessment provides a systematic approach to energy projects.

  6. Austin Energy- Net Metering (Texas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Austin Energy, the municipal utility of Austin Texas, offers net metering for renewable energy systems up to 20 kilowatts (kW) to its non-residential retail electricity customers. The definition of...

  7. NET-ZERO CARBON MANUFACTURING AT NET-ZERO COST Dustin Pohlman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kissock, Kelly

    1 NET-ZERO CARBON MANUFACTURING AT NET-ZERO COST Dustin Pohlman Industrial Assessment Center energy in manufacturing plants that results in net-zero carbon emissions at net-zero costs. The paper begins by reviewing the economics of net- zero energy buildings and discussing why a different approach

  8. EHS-Net Tomato Handling Study EHS-Net Tomato Handling Study Protocol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EHS-Net Tomato Handling Study 1 EHS-Net Tomato Handling Study Protocol I. Project Overview Title EHS-Net Tomato Handling Study Protocol Summary Few studies have examined in detail the nature Health Specialists Network (EHS-Net) special study. EHS- Net is a collaboration involving the Centers

  9. Generating Code Structures for Petri NetBased Agent Interaction Protocols Using Net Components

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamburg.Universit?¤t

    Generating Code Structures for Petri Net­Based Agent Interaction Protocols Using Net Components@informatik.uni­hamburg.de July 31, 2003 Abstract In this paper we introduce a straight forward approach for generating Petri Net of net components which provide basic tasks and the structure for Petri Nets. Agent interaction protocol

  10. Generating Code Structures for Petri Net-Based Agent Interaction Protocols Using Net Components

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamburg.Universit?¤t

    Generating Code Structures for Petri Net-Based Agent Interaction Protocols Using Net Components@informatik.uni-hamburg.de March 31, 2004 Abstract In this paper we introduce a straight forward approach for generating Petri Net of net components which provide basic tasks and the structure for Petri Nets. Agent interaction protocol

  11. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 1291712924, 2011 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/11/12917/2011/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    with the highest CO2 emission scenario constructed by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [1]. In order they affect C uptake, net primary productivity (NPP), and indirectly influence atmospheric CO2. C residence

  12. Factors associated with mosquito net use by individuals in households owning nets in Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graves, Patricia M; Ngondi, Jeremiah M; Hwang, Jimee; Getachew, Asefaw; Gebre, Teshome; Mosher, Aryc W; Patterson, Amy E; Shargie, Estifanos B; Tadesse, Zerihun; Wolkon, Adam; Reithinger, Richard; Emerson, Paul M; Richards, Frank O Jr

    2011-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract Background Ownership of insecticidal mosquito nets has dramatically increased in Ethiopia since 2006, but the proportion of persons with access to such nets who use them has declined. It is important to understand individual level net use...

  13. Net ecosystem production: A comprehensive measure of net carbon accumulation by ecosystems.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Randerson, J. T; Chapin, F. S; Harden, J. W; Neff, J. C; Harmon, M. E

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and F A. Bazzaz. August 2002 NET ECOSYSTEM PRODUCTION 1993.Net exchange of CO2 in a mid-latitude forest. ScienceN. , and E. -D. Schulze. 1999. Net CO, and H,O fluxes from

  14. import java.io.IOException; import java.net.URI;

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ricci, Laura

    import java.io.IOException; import java.net.URI; import java.util.Enumeration; import net.jxta.discovery.DiscoveryService; import net.jxta.document.AdvertisementFactory; import net.jxta.document.Element; import net.jxta.document.MimeMediaType; import net.jxta.document.StructuredDocument; import net.jxta.document.StructuredDocumentFactory; import

  15. Net Metering and Interconnection Procedures-- Incorporating Best Practices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jason Keyes, Kevin Fox, Joseph Wiedman, Staff at North Carolina Solar Center

    2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    State utility commissions and utilities themselves are actively developing and revising their procedures for the interconnection and net metering of distributed generation. However, the procedures most often used by regulators and utilities as models have not been updated in the past three years, in which time most of the distributed solar facilities in the United States have been installed. In that period, the Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC) has been a participant in more than thirty state utility commission rulemakings regarding interconnection and net metering of distributed generation. With the knowledge gained from this experience, IREC has updated its model procedures to incorporate current best practices. This paper presents the most significant changes made to IREC???¢????????s model interconnection and net metering procedures.

  16. WebSPN: NonMarkovian Stochastic Petri Net Tool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Telek, Mikls

    browser. Keywords: NonMarkovian SPN, transient analysis, Java technology, Word Wide Web. 1 Introduction concurrently enabled generally distributed transitions. WebSPN makes wide use of Java technologyWebSPN: NonMarkovian Stochastic Petri Net Tool A. Bobbio x, A. Puliafito *, M. Scarpa x, M. Telek

  17. World Net Nuclear Electric Power Generation, 1980-2007 - Datasets...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    U.S. Energy Information ... World Net Nuclear Electric ... Dataset Activity Stream World Net Nuclear Electric Power Generation, 1980-2007 International data showing world net...

  18. Analysis of Upwelling Changes in the Eastern Equatorial Pacific during El Nio Southern Oscillation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perugachi Salamea, Carlos

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The ocean reanalysis Simple Ocean Data Assimilation (SODA) 2.2.4 is used to explore the changes in upwelling from normal conditions to either El Nino or La Nina conditions. Physical and thermodynamic variables from the reanalysis are used...

  19. Analysis of Upwelling Changes in the Eastern Equatorial Pacific during El Nio Southern Oscillation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perugachi Salamea, Carlos

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The ocean reanalysis Simple Ocean Data Assimilation (SODA) 2.2.4 is used to explore the changes in upwelling from normal conditions to either El Nino or La Nina conditions. Physical and thermodynamic variables from the ...

  20. Probabilistic analysis of the effects of climate change on groundwater recharge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ng, Gene-Hua Crystal

    [1] Groundwater recharge is likely to be affected by climate change. In semiarid regions where groundwater resources are often critical, annual recharge rates are typically small and most recharge occurs episodically. Such ...

  1. The Goal of Net Zero

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ronquillo, M.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Goal of Net Zero CATEE 2014 Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference Andrew T. Cronberg, PE Interim Water Director City of Fort Worth, Texas November 19, 2014 Dallas, Texas ESL-KT-14-11-47 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency... Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18-20 10 Journey to Net Zero began in the 1960s Digester Gas fueled Engine Blowers & Generators Some heat recovery for anaerobic digesters ESL-KT-14-11-47 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas...

  2. NetCDF at NERSC

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated CodesTransparency VisitSilverNepheline crystallization inNetCDF NetCDF

  3. City of St. George- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The St. George City Council adopted a [http://www.sgcity.org/wp/power/NetMeteringPolicy.pdf net-metering program for area utilities], including interconnection procedures, in October 2005.* The...

  4. G-NetMon: a GPU-accelerated network performance monitoring system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, Wenji; DeMar, Phil; Holmgren, Don; Singh, Amitoj; /Fermilab

    2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    At Fermilab, we have prototyped a GPU-accelerated network performance monitoring system, called G-NetMon, to support large-scale scientific collaborations. In this work, we explore new opportunities in network traffic monitoring and analysis with GPUs. Our system exploits the data parallelism that exists within network flow data to provide fast analysis of bulk data movement between Fermilab and collaboration sites. Experiments demonstrate that our G-NetMon can rapidly detect sub-optimal bulk data movements.

  5. Feasibility of Achieving Net-Zero-Energy Net-Zero-Cost

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Feasibility of Achieving Net- Zero-Energy Net-Zero-Cost Homes I.S. Walker, Al-Beaini, SSimjanovic,JohnStanley,BretStrogen,IainWalker FeasibilityofAchieving ZeroNetEnergy,Zero NetCostHomes #12;4 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

  6. Using WordNet to Extend FrameNet Coverage Richard Johansson and Pierre Nugues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nugues, Pierre

    Using WordNet to Extend FrameNet Coverage Richard Johansson and Pierre Nugues Department to address the prob- lem of sparsity in the FrameNet lexical database. The first method is based on the idea using a WordNet- based variant of the Lesk metric. The sec- ond method uses the sequence of synsets

  7. .NET DEVELOPER PROGRAM A ten-week comprehensive program covering Microsoft .NET technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schaefer, Marcus

    .NET DEVELOPER PROGRAM A ten-week comprehensive program covering Microsoft® .NET technologies DePaul University's .NET Developer Program is designed to provide programmers with an intensive and comprehensive introduction to all essential aspects of the technologies, techniques and principles of Microsoft .NET

  8. Algebraic Higher-Order Nets: Graphs and Petri Nets as Tokens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mossakowski, Till - Deutschen Forschungszentrum für Künstliche Intelligenz & Fachbereich 3

    Algebraic Higher-Order Nets: Graphs and Petri Nets as Tokens Kathrin Hoffmann1 and Till Mossakowski 2 BISS, Department of Computer Science University of Bremen Abstract. Petri nets and Algebraic High-Level Nets are well-known to model parallel and concurrent systems. In this paper, we introduce the concept

  9. Algebraic HigherOrder Nets: Graphs and Petri Nets as Tokens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mossakowski, Till - Deutschen Forschungszentrum für Künstliche Intelligenz & Fachbereich 3

    Algebraic Higher­Order Nets: Graphs and Petri Nets as Tokens Kathrin Ho#mann 1 and Till Mossakowski 2 BISS, Department of Computer Science University of Bremen Abstract. Petri nets and Algebraic High­Level Nets are well­known to model parallel and concurrent systems. In this paper, we introduce the concept

  10. A Viscoelastic-Viscoplastic Analysis of Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composites Undergoing Mechanical Loading and Temperature Changes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeon, Jaehyeuk

    2013-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

    This study presents a combined viscoelastic (VE)-viscoplastic (VP) analysis for Fiber Reinforced Polymer (FRP) composites subject to simultaneous mechanical load and conduction of heat. The studied FRP composites consist of unidirectional fibers...

  11. The CloudNets Network Virtualization Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmid, Stefan

    Nets Network Virtualization Architecture Johannes Grassler jgrassler@inet.tu-berlin.de 05. Februar, 2014 Johannes Grassler jgrassler@inet.tu-berlin.de The CloudNets Network Virtualization Architecture #12;..... . .... . .... . ..... . .... . .... . .... . ..... . .... . .... . .... . ..... . .... . .... . .... . ..... . .... . ..... . .... . .... . Johannes Grassler jgrassler@inet.tu-berlin.de The CloudNets Network Virtualization Architecture #12

  12. 2006 NET SYSTEM POWER REPORT COMMISSIONREPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION 2006 NET SYSTEM POWER REPORT COMMISSIONREPORT April 2007 CEC-300 This report provides the California Energy Commission's annual calculation of net system power as required by state law (Public Utilities Code, § 398.1 - 398.5). The report also defines net system power

  13. Representations of Petri net interactions Pawel Sobocinski

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sobocinski, Pawel

    Representations of Petri net interactions Pawel Soboci´nski ECS, University of Southampton, UK Abstract. We introduce a novel compositional algebra of Petri nets, as well as a stateful extension In part owing to their intuitive graphical representation, Petri nets [28] are of- ten used both

  14. Generalised Soundness of Workflow Nets is Decidable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sidorova, Natalia

    Generalised Soundness of Workflow Nets is Decidable Kees van Hee, Natalia Sidorova, and Marc investigate the decidability of the problem of generalised soundness for Workflow nets: ``Every marking with considering simple correctness criteria for Workflow nets and reduce them to the check of structural

  15. NET SYSTEM POWER: A SMALL SHARE OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION NET SYSTEM POWER: A SMALL SHARE OF CALIFORNIA'S POWER MIX IN 2005 the California Energy Commission's annual calculation of net system power as required by state law (Public Utilities Code, 398.1 - 398.5). The report also defines net system power and explains how

  16. Analysis … Targeting Zero Net Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO Overview OCHCOSystemsProgram OverviewAdvocate -Amir Roth About UsLaboratoryMSEof

  17. Tomographic Analysis of Reactive Fluid Induced Pore Structure Changes in Flow Column Experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New York at Stoney Brook, State University of

    dissolution and secondary precipitation changes in the microstructure of Hanford sediments exposed weathering, hydrate dissolution/formation) and in engineered processes (stimulation of petroleum reservoirs of Wood's metal casts (6), NMR (9), light transmission (8) and profilometry (10). The experimental work

  18. EXTENDED SIMPLE COLORED PETRI NETS: A TOOL FOR PLANT SIMULATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coglio, Alessandro

    EXTENDED SIMPLE COLORED PETRI NETS: A TOOL FOR PLANT SIMULATION Antonio Camurri and Alessandro, I­16145 Genova, Italy {music, tokamak}@dist.unige.it ABSTRACT Extended Simple Colored Petri Nets (ESCP­nets) are a new class of High­level Petri Nets conceived as a good trade­off between Petri Nets (P­nets

  19. Thermal analysis of an indirectly heat pulsed non-volatile phase change material microwave switch

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Young, Robert M., E-mail: rm.young@ngc.com; El-Hinnawy, Nabil; Borodulin, Pavel; Wagner, Brian P.; King, Matthew R.; Jones, Evan B.; Howell, Robert S.; Lee, Michael J. [Northrop Grumman Corp., Electronic Systems, P.O. Box 1521, Baltimore, Maryland 21203 (United States)

    2014-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We show the finite element simulation of the melt/quench process in a phase change material (GeTe, germanium telluride) used for a radio frequency switch. The device is thermally activated by an independent NiCrSi (nickel chrome silicon) thin film heating element beneath a dielectric separating it electrically from the phase change layer. A comparison is made between the predicted and experimental minimum power to amorphize (MPA) for various thermal pulse powers and pulse time lengths. By including both the specific heat and latent heat of fusion for GeTe, we find that the MPA and the minimum power to crystallize follow the form of a hyperbola on the power time effect plot. We also find that the simulated time at which the entire center GeTe layer achieves melting accurately matches the MPA curve for pulse durations ranging from 751500?ns and pulse powers from 1.64?W.

  20. DIAGNOSING, BENCHMARKING AND TRANSFORMING THE LEED CERTIFIED FIU SIPA BUILDING INTO A NET-ZERO-ENERGY BUILDING (NET-ZEB)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pala, Nezih

    INTO A NET-ZERO-ENERGY BUILDING (NET-ZEB) Thomas Spiegelhalter Florida International University-neutral or Net-Zero-Energy buildings until 2030. (1) The topic of Net-Zero-Energy-Buildings (Net-ZEBs) has the performance with passive and active strategies towards a Net-Zero-Energy Building. (Fig. 1, 2) 1.1 SIPA

  1. Sire selection: maximizing net present value of investments in dairy semen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilcox, Marsha Lou

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Heifer Due to Changes in Conception Rate. 63 Estimated Value of Type Under the Five PDS:PDT Weightings for All Sires, the Top Twenty, and the Top Ten Sires at the Variable Means. 66 LIST OF TABLES (Continued) Top Fifty Holstein Sires Under a 1...:0 Weighting at Variable Means Ranked by Net Present value With Upper and Lower 60% Confidence Intervals and Repeatablity. . 66 Negative Net Present Value Holstein Sires for the 1:0 Weighting at the Variable Neans...

  2. Body composition to climate change studies - the many facets of neutron induced prompt gamma-ray analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mitra,S.

    2008-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

    In-vivo body composition analysis of humans and animals and in-situ analysis of soil using fast neutron inelastic scattering and thermal neutron capture induced prompt-gamma rays have been described. By measuring carbon (C), nitrogen (N) and oxygen (O), protein, fat and water are determined. C determination in soil has become important for understanding below ground carbon sequestration process in the light of climate change studies. Various neutron sources ranging from radio isotopic to compact 14 MeV neutron generators employing the associated particle neutron time-of-flight technique or micro-second pulsing were implemented. Gamma spectroscopy using recently developed digital multi-channel analyzers has also been described.

  3. Integrating climate change into energy demand forecasts: A commercial sector analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scott, M.J.; Belzer, D.B.; Hadley, D.L.; Wrench, L.E.

    1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examines the effects of global climate change on commercial building energy use. The methodology used included estimating balance points and degree-day response coefficients, estimating cross-section regressions to extrapolate to a full sample, extrapolating the building sample to the year 2030, and estimating the energy consumption in the year 2030 under different temperature regimes. Results show that total primary energy consumption in U.S. commercial buildings will rise although the absolute increase in consumption may not be large, given offsetting heating benefits. Nonetheless, the effect on electric utilities may be severe.

  4. Analysis of The Anomalous Orbital-Energy Changes Observed in Spacecraft Flybys of Earth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roger Ellman

    2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In March 2008 anomalous behavior in spacecraft flybys of Earth was reported in Physical Review Letters, Volume 100, Issue 9, March 7, 2008, in an article entitled "Anomalous Orbital-Energy Changes Observed during Spacecraft Flybys of Earth". The data indicate unaccounted for changes in spacecraft speed, both increases and decreases, for six different spacecraft involved in Earth flybys from December 8, 1990 to August 2, 2005. The article states that, "All ... potential sources of systematic error .... [have been] modeled. None can account for the observed anomalies.... Like the Pioneer anomaly ... the Earth flybys anomaly is a real effect .... Its source is unknown." In the present article it is shown that the Earth flybys anomaly would be caused by a very small acceleration [in addition to that of natural gravitation], centrally directed and independent of distance, the same effect as that which the Pioneer anomaly exhibits. How that effect operates to produce the observed results is analyzed. A cause of the centrally directed accelerations is presented.

  5. ImpactMiner: A Tool for Change Impact Analysis Bogdan Dit, Michael Wagner, Shasha Wen, Weilin Wang, Mario Linares-Vsquez,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poshyvanyk, Denys

    , and mining software repositories techniques. ImpactMiner is available from our online appendix http://www.cs.wm.edu/semeru/ImpactMiner/ Categories and Subject Descriptors D.2.7 [Software Engineering]: Distribution, Maintenance, and Enhancement Keywords Change impact analysis, repository mining, subversion, dynamic analysis, information retrieval 1

  6. NASA Net Zero Energy Buildings Roadmap

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pless, S.; Scheib, J.; Torcellini, P.; Hendron, B.; Slovensky, M.

    2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In preparation for the time-phased net zero energy requirement for new federal buildings starting in 2020, set forth in Executive Order 13514, NASA requested that the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to develop a roadmap for NASA's compliance. NASA detailed a Statement of Work that requested information on strategic, organizational, and tactical aspects of net zero energy buildings. In response, this document presents a high-level approach to net zero energy planning, design, construction, and operations, based on NREL's first-hand experience procuring net zero energy construction, and based on NREL and other industry research on net zero energy feasibility. The strategic approach to net zero energy starts with an interpretation of the executive order language relating to net zero energy. Specifically, this roadmap defines a net zero energy acquisition process as one that sets an aggressive energy use intensity goal for the building in project planning, meets the reduced demand goal through energy efficiency strategies and technologies, then adds renewable energy in a prioritized manner, using building-associated, emission- free sources first, to offset the annual energy use required at the building; the net zero energy process extends through the life of the building, requiring a balance of energy use and production in each calendar year.

  7. Farmington Electric Utility System- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Net metering rules developed by the New Mexico Public Regulation Commission (PRC) apply to the state's investor-owned utilities and electric cooperatives. Municipal utilities, which are not...

  8. Zero-Safe Nets: Modeling Transactions via Transition Synchronization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruni, Roberto

    Zero-Safe Nets: Modeling Transactions via Transition Synchronization Roberto Bruni and Ugo of the same zero-safe net. Zero-safe nets (ZS nets) have been introduced in [BM97] to provide a basic called stable places), ZS nets include a set of zero places. These are idealized resources that remain in

  9. Presented by SensorNet: The New Science of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .S. Department of Energy DeNap_SensorNet_SC10 SensorNet Collection Processing DisseminationSecurity Knowledge requirements Regulations Technology Intelligent Real world #12;3 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy DeNap_SensorNet_SC10 SensorNet SensorNet is ORNL's research in sensor network interoperability

  10. Overfitting in Neural Nets: Backpropagation, Conjugate Gradient, and Early Stopping

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caruana, Rich

    Overfitting in Neural Nets: Backpropagation, Conjugate Gradient, and Early Stopping Rich Caruana is that backprop nets with excess hidden units generalize poorly. We show that nets with excess capacity generalize) Regardless of size, nets learn task subcomponents in similar sequence. Big nets pass through stages similar

  11. Partial Order Semantics of Types of Nets Robert Lorenz1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desel, Jörg

    Partial Order Semantics of Types of Nets Robert Lorenz1 , Gabriel Juh´as2 , and Sebastian Mauser3 1 of types of nets. Types of nets are a parametric definition of Petri nets originally developed for a general presentation of the synthesis of Petri nets from (step) transition systems. Partial order

  12. Executability of Scenarios in Petri Nets Robert Lorenz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desel, Jörg

    Executability of Scenarios in Petri Nets Robert Lorenz Lehrstuhl f¨ur Angewandte Informatik whether a scenario is an execution of a Petri net. This holds for a wide variety of Petri net classes, ranging from elementary nets to general inhibitor nets. Scenarios are given by causal structures

  13. EHS-Net Hand Hygiene Study EHS-Net Hand Hygiene Study Protocol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EHS-Net Hand Hygiene Study 1 EHS-Net Hand Hygiene Study Protocol I. Project Overview Title EHS-Net Hand Hygiene Study Protocol Summary Good hand hygiene is of critical importance in preventing of personal hygiene policies and practices in food service establishments. The purpose of this study

  14. Net alkalinity and net acidity 2: Practical considerations Carl S. Kirby a,*, Charles A. Cravotta III b,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirby, Carl S.

    Net alkalinity and net acidity 2: Practical considerations Carl S. Kirby a,*, Charles A. Cravotta of the sample. The Hot Acidity directly measures net acidity (=?net alkalinity). Samples that had near-neutral p in their alkalinities and dissolved Fe, Mn, and Al concentrations. Hot Acidity was approximately equal to net acidity

  15. A multi-scale analysis of the impact of pressure on melting of crystalline phase change material germanium telluride

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Jie, E-mail: liujie@uw.edu [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Washington, 185 Stevens Way, Paul Allen Center, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)

    2014-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The impact of the moderate pressure (about 10{sup 0?}GPa) on the melting of crystalline (c-) phase change material (PCM) germanium telluride (GeTe) is analyzed, by combining the heat transfer equation in the PCM device scale (10{sup 1}10{sup 2?}nm and beyond), and the ab initio molecular dynamics and the nudged elastic band simulations in the atomistic scale (10{sup ?1}10{sup 0?}nm). The multi-scale analysis unravels that a pressure P?=?1.0?GPa can increase the melting temperature of c-GeTe and the PCM device reset operation energy consumption by 6%7%. It is shown that the melting temperature increase originates from the pressure-induced raise of the energy barrier of the umbrella-flip transition of the Ge atom from the octahedral symmetry site to the tetrahedral symmetry site. It is revealed that when P?>?1.0?GPa, which is normal in PCM devices, the reset energy will be increased even by more. Based on the analysis, suggestions to alleviate pressure-induced raise of melting temperature and reset energy are provided.

  16. Net Benefits to Agriculture from the Trinity River Project, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fish, B.; Williford, G.; Elling, H.; Lacewell, R. D.; Hosch, P.; Griffin, W.; Reddell, D. L.; Hiler, E. A.; Bausch, W.

    by applying published seasonal flood damage factors and flood frequency as developed from a producer survey to annual gross returns. Annual net benefits were calculated as net returns with flood protection less net returns without flood protection...

  17. New constraints on Northern Hemisphere growing season net flux

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AL. : LARGER NORTH HEMISPHERE NET ECOSYSTEM EXCHANGE L12807AL. : LARGER NORTH HEMISPHERE NET ECOSYSTEM EXCHANGE Levin,Northern Hemisphere growing season net flux Z. Yang, 1 R. A.

  18. A .NET ASSEMBLY FOR EPICS SIMPLE CHANNEL ACCESS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Timossi, Christopher A.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Application Development Using .NET, PCAPAC [5] H. NishimuraA .NET ASSEMBLY FOR EPICS SIMPLE CHANNEL ACCESS* C. Timossi,interface software using the .NET platform and the C#

  19. Particle Tracking and Simulation on the .NET Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nishimura, Hiroshi; Scarvie, Tom

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    can use IronPython[10] to access .NET assemblies directly atTRACKING AND SIMULATION ON THE .NET FRAMEWORK * H. Nishimurathe effectiveness of the .NET framework by converting a C++

  20. EPICS SCA CLIENTS ON THE .NET X64 PLATFORM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Timossi, Chris; Nishimura, Hiroshi

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EPICS SCA CLIENTS ON THE .NET X64 PLATFORM* C. Timossi 1 andAbstract We have developed a .NET assembly, which we callCa.dll) are categorized by .NET as unmanaged because they

  1. Coarse graining methods for spin net and spin foam models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bianca Dittrich; Frank C. Eckert; Mercedes Martin-Benito

    2011-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We undertake first steps in making a class of discrete models of quantum gravity, spin foams, accessible to a large scale analysis by numerical and computational methods. In particular, we apply Migdal-Kadanoff and Tensor Network Renormalization schemes to spin net and spin foam models based on finite Abelian groups and introduce `cutoff models' to probe the fate of gauge symmetries under various such approximated renormalization group flows. For the Tensor Network Renormalization analysis, a new Gauss constraint preserving algorithm is introduced to improve numerical stability and aid physical interpretation. We also describe the fixed point structure and establish an equivalence of certain models.

  2. THalumni.net Trinity Hall's online community

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lasenby, Joan

    THalumni.net Trinity Hall's online community Joining THalumni.net allows members to: Check or location and send a private message to other Trinity Hall members. Join the careers directory if you or loca- tion and send Trinity Hall members a private message. Book and pay for events online and see

  3. Net Zero Design Yields Positive Results "Net zero" is used to describe a building designed to provide as

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waliser, Duane E.

    Net Zero Design Yields Positive Results "Net zero" is used to describe a building designed federal buildings in the planning process as of 2020 or later must be designed to meet net zero standards

  4. Energy Department Helps University of California Develop Net...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Energy Transition Initiative Energy Department Helps University of California Develop Net-Zero Campus Energy Department Helps University of California Develop Net-Zero Campus...

  5. Best Practices for Controlling Capital Costs in Net Zero Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Best Practices for Controlling Capital Costs in Net Zero Energy Design and Construction - 2014 BTO Peer Review Best Practices for Controlling Capital Costs in Net Zero Energy...

  6. Designing Hawaii's First LEED Platinum Net Zero Community: Kaupuni...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Designing Hawaii's First LEED Platinum Net Zero Community: Kaupuni Village Designing Hawaii's First LEED Platinum Net Zero Community: Kaupuni Village U.S. Department of Energy...

  7. Net Zero Waste - Tools and Technical Support ...and other observations...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Net Zero Waste - Tools and Technical Support ...and other observations Net Zero Waste - Tools and Technical Support ...and other observations Presentation at Waste-to-Energy using...

  8. NREL: Continuum Magazine - Net-Zero Building Technologies Create...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Net-Zero Building Technologies Create Substantial Energy Savings Issue 6 Print Version Share this resource Net-Zero Building Technologies Create Substantial Energy Savings...

  9. Aspinall Courthouse: GSA's Historic Preservation and Net-Zero...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Aspinall Courthouse: GSA's Historic Preservation and Net-Zero Renovation Aspinall Courthouse: GSA's Historic Preservation and Net-Zero Renovation Aspinall Courthouse: GSA's...

  10. Lessons Learned from Net Zero Energy Assessments and Renewable...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Lessons Learned from Net Zero Energy Assessments and Renewable Energy Projects at Military Installations Lessons Learned from Net Zero Energy Assessments and Renewable Energy...

  11. U-074: Microsoft .NET Bugs Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    4: Microsoft .NET Bugs Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Commands, Access User Accounts, and Redirect Users U-074: Microsoft .NET Bugs Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Commands,...

  12. US Crude Oil Production Surpasses Net Imports | Department of...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    US Crude Oil Production Surpasses Net Imports US Crude Oil Production Surpasses Net Imports Source: Energy Information Administration Short Term Energy Outlook. Chart by Daniel...

  13. Climate Change Worksheet Energy Budget

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allan, Richard P.

    of distance from the equator). The tropics are net absorbers of energy as the amount of absorbed solar energyClimate Change Worksheet Energy Budget For any balanced budget, what comes in must equal what goes out. In the case of planets orbiting the Sun, this means that the incoming solar radiation must

  14. Bull. U. 5. F. C.1892. Fykc Nets. (To face page 299.) PLATELXXII. &-THE FYKE NETS AND FYKE-NET FISHERIES OF THE UNITED STATES,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bull. U. 5. F. C.1892. Fykc Nets. (To face page 299.) PLATELXXII. ti P W n W a Y .- W Y >LL a 0 0: n W Y tLL Y 0 0 n m #12;&-THE FYKE NETS AND FYKE-NET FISHERIES OF THE UNITED STATES, WITH NOTES ON THE FYKE NETS OF OTHER COUNTRIES. BY HUGH M. SMITH, M. D. DEFINITION OF THE FYKE NET. The inquirer who goes

  15. Homotopy of posets, net-cohomology and superselection sectors in globally hyperbolic spacetimes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giuseppe Ruzzi

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    We study sharply localized sectors, known as sectors of DHR-type, of a net of local observables, in arbitrary globally hyperbolic spacetimes with dimension $\\geq 3$. We show that these sectors define, has it happens in Minkowski space, a $\\mathrm{C}^*-$category in which the charge structure manifests itself by the existence of a tensor product, a permutation symmetry and a conjugation. The mathematical framework is that of the net-cohomology of posets according to J.E. Roberts. The net of local observables is indexed by a poset formed by a basis for the topology of the spacetime ordered under inclusion. The category of sectors, is equivalent to the category of 1-cocycles of the poset with values in the net. We succeed to analyze the structure of this category because we show how topological properties of the spacetime are encoded in the poset used as index set: the first homotopy group of a poset is introduced and it is shown that the fundamental group of the poset and the one of the underlying spacetime are isomorphic; any 1-cocycle defines a unitary representation of these fundamental groups. Another important result is the invariance of the net-cohomology under a suitable change of index set of the net.

  16. StreamNet, 1999-2000 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schmidt, Bruce; Roger, Phil; Butterfield, Bart (Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission, Gladstone, OR)

    2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The StreamNet Project is a cooperative project that provides basic fishery management data in a consistent format across the Columbia Basin region, with some data from outside the region. Specific categories of data are acquired from the multiple data generating agencies in the Columbia Basin, converted into a standardized data exchange format (DEF) and distributed to fish researchers, managers and decision makers directly or through an on-line data retrieval system (www.streamnet.org). The project is funded by the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) as part of the Northwest Power Planning Council's (NWPPC) Fish and Wildlife Program. This cooperative effort is composed of a region-wide project administered by the Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission (PSMFC) that is responsible for project management, regional data management and data delivery (Region), plus seven contributing projects within the data generating entities: Columbia River Intertribal Fish Commission (CRITFC); Idaho Department of Fish and Game (IDFG); Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks (MFWP); Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW); Shoshone-Bannock Tribes; U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS); and Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW). The contributing projects are funded through the StreamNet contract but work within their respective agencies and are referred to here as the agency's StreamNet project (for example, ''IDFG StreamNet'' for Idaho's project). The StreamNet Project provides an important link in the chain of data flow in the Columbia Basin, with specific emphasis on data collected routinely over time by management agencies. Basic fish related data are collected in the field by the various state, tribal and federal agencies in the basin for purposes related to each agency's individual mission and responsibility. As a result, there often is a lack of standardization among agencies in field methodology or data management. To be able to utilize data for comparison or analysis over the entire basin from multiple agencies, it is necessary to standardize the data to the degree possible so that like-data are equivalent over jurisdictional lines. Since the data are not collected in a standardized way, StreamNet fulfills that role by acquiring the data sets and converting the data from all agencies into the standardized DEF. Where field methodologies differ to the degree that the data can not be made comparable, the data are presented as different data types. This way, data are converted only once and made available for research, management and administrative purposes instead of forcing each person needing basin wide data to attempt data standardization individually.

  17. Analysis Methods and Tools Standing Technical Committee Strategic...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    icplananalysismethodstools212.pdf More Documents & Publications Analysis: Targeting Zero Net Energy - 2014 BTO Peer Review Building America Analysis Methods and Tools...

  18. Analysis of Unit-Level Changes in Operations with Increased SPP Wind from EPRI/LCG Balancing Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hadley, Stanton W [ORNL

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Wind power development in the United States is outpacing previous estimates for many regions, particularly those with good wind resources. The pace of wind power deployment may soon outstrip regional capabilities to provide transmission and integration services to achieve the most economic power system operation. Conversely, regions such as the Southeastern United States do not have good wind resources and will have difficulty meeting proposed federal Renewable Portfolio Standards with local supply. There is a growing need to explore innovative solutions for collaborating between regions to achieve the least cost solution for meeting such a renewable energy mandate. The Department of Energy funded the project 'Integrating Midwest Wind Energy into Southeast Electricity Markets' to be led by EPRI in coordination with the main authorities for the regions: SPP, Entergy, TVA, Southern Company and OPC. EPRI utilized several subcontractors for the project including LCG, the developers of the model UPLAN. The study aims to evaluate the operating cost benefits of coordination of scheduling and balancing for Southwest Power Pool (SPP) wind transfers to Southeastern Electric Reliability Council (SERC) Balancing Authorities (BAs). The primary objective of this project is to analyze the benefits of regional cooperation for integrating mid-western wind energy into southeast electricity markets. Scenarios were defined, modeled and investigated to address production variability and uncertainty and the associated balancing of large quantities of wind power in SPP and delivery to energy markets in the southern regions of the SERC. DOE funded Oak Ridge National Laboratory to provide additional support to the project, including a review of results and any side analysis that may provide additional insight. This report is a unit-by-unit analysis of changes in operations due to the different scenarios used in the overall study. It focuses on the change in capacity factors and the number of start-ups required for each unit since those criteria summarize key aspects of plant operations, how often are they called upon and how much do they operate. The primary analysis of the overall project is based on security-constrained unit commitment (SCUC) and economic dispatch (SCED) simulations of the SPP-SERC regions as modeled for the year 2022. The SCUC/SCED models utilized for the project were developed through extensive consultation with the project utility partners, to ensure the various regions and operational practices are represented as best as possible in the model. SPP, Entergy, Oglethorpe Power Company (OPC), Southern Company, and the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) actively participated in the project providing input data for the models and review of simulation results and conclusions. While other SERC utility systems are modeled, the listed SERC utilities were explicitly included as active participants in the project due to the size of their load and relative proximity to SPP for importing wind energy.

  19. High-Level Nets with Nets and Rules as Tokens Kathrin Ho mann 1 , Hartmut Ehrig 1 , and Till Mossakowski 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mossakowski, Till - Deutschen Forschungszentrum für Künstliche Intelligenz & Fachbereich 3

    High-Level Nets with Nets and Rules as Tokens Kathrin Ho#11;mann 1 , Hartmut Ehrig 1 , and Till-Level net models following the paradigm \

  20. Analysis of Heat Charging and Discharging on the Phase Change Energy-Storage Composite Wallboard (PCECW) in Building

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yue, H.; Chen, C.; Liu, Y.; Guo, H.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This research paper combines the phase change material and the basal building material to constitute a kind of new phase change energy- storage composite wallboard (PCECW), applied in a residential building in Beijing. We analyzed the energy-storage...

  1. Did biological activity in the Ionian Sea change after the Eastern Mediterranean Transient? Results from the analysis of remote

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , characterize and predict the effect of climate changes on the relevant aspects of ecosystem dynamics. Estimates of the supposed climate change. [4] Only two significantly long time series of remote sensing data in the visibleDid biological activity in the Ionian Sea change after the Eastern Mediterranean Transient? Results

  2. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 1060910631, 2013 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/13/10609/2013/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    and absorb solar radiation, and, by doing so, they directly influence the Earth's radiation bud- get (see, e precipitation behavior (see, e.g. Lohmann and Leck, 2005; Ramaswamy et al., 2001; Twomey, 1977). The net effect effect. However, the Intergov- ernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC, 2007) concludes that the high

  3. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 6, 31153129, 2006 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/6/3115/2006/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    without OAD. Using the ECHAM4 climate model we estimate the global net radiative effect caused terrestrial radiation (Baker, 1997). A change in cirrus cloud coverage may significantly alter the global radiation balance and hence the Earth's climate. The exact mechanisms of cirrus cloud formation is still

  4. The Climate Change Action Plan: Technical supplement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Technical Annex documents the assumptions and parameters used in developing the supporting analysis for the Climate Change Action Plan (the Plan) issued by President Clinton on October 19, 1993. The Annex is intended to meet the needs of independent energy and environmental analysts who wish to better understand the Plan, its analytical underpinnings, and the events that need to transpire for the emissions reductions called for in the Plan to be realized. The Plan documented in this Annex reflects the outcome of a wide-ranging effort by Government agencies and interested members of the public to develop and implement actions that can reduce net greenhouse gas emissions in the year 2000 to their aggregate 1990 level. Based on agency and public input, the Climate Change Mitigation Group, chaired by the White House Office on Environmental Policy, developed the Plan`s content. Many of the actions called for in the Plan are now underway, while others are in advanced planning pending congressional action on the fiscal year 1995 budget. The analysis supporting the Plan represents the results of an interagency effort. The US Department of Energy (DOE) was responsible for the integrated analysis of energy-related options, based on the analysis of individual energy-related options by DOE, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the US Department of Transportation (DOT). EPA led in providing analysis for actions related to methane, hydrofluorocarbons, and perfluorocarbons. The US Department of Agriculture (USDA) led the analysis of carbon sequestration actions and cooperated with EPA in the analysis of actions to reduce nitrous oxide emissions.

  5. Mid-Course Review: NetCDF in the Current

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    architecture Improved performance Generic tools NetCDF-4 adoption Standards endorsements Gridspec APICDF/libcf, netCDF-Java, CDM, TDS, NcML, CF conventions Adopt, develop, and promote open standards, conventions for observational data Improve compatibility between netCDF APIs and OPeNDAP protocols Improve netCDF performance

  6. NON-DOUBLE-COUPLE EARTHQUAKES: NET FORCES AND UNCERTAINTIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foulger, G. R.

    NON-DOUBLE-COUPLE EARTHQUAKES: NET FORCES AND UNCERTAINTIES G.R. Foulger, B.R. Julian University-980) to include net forces in the mechanisms. Net forces are theoretically required to describe earthquakes) waves cannot resolve sources such as vertical dipoles. When source mechanisms include net forces, even

  7. A Theory of Operational Equivalence for Interaction Nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernández, Maribel

    A Theory of Operational Equivalence for Interaction Nets Maribel Fern??andez 1 and Ian Mackie 2 1. In this paper we apply these (now standard) techniques to interactions nets, a graphical programming language in interaction nets since it can be applied to untyped systems, thus all systems of interaction nets are captured

  8. Rewriting Logic as a Unifying Framework for Petri Nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meseguer, José

    Rewriting Logic as a Unifying Framework for Petri Nets Mark-Oliver Stehr, Jos#19;e Meseguer as a unifying framework for a wide range of Petri nets models. We treat in detail place/transition nets that \\Petri nets are monoids" suggested by Meseguer and Montanari we de#12;ne a rewriting semantics that maps

  9. Putting high-level Petri nets to work in industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Aalst, Wil

    Putting high-level Petri nets to work in industry W.M.P. van der Aalst Department of Mathematics Petri nets exist for over 30 years. Especially in the last decade Petri nets have been put into practice extensively. Thanks to several useful ex- tensions and the availability of computer tools, Petri nets have

  10. U.S. Virgin Islands- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In February 2007, the U.S. Virgin Islands Public Services Commission approved a limited net-metering program for residential and commercial photovoltaic (PV), wind-energy or other renewable energ...

  11. Murray City Power- Net Metering Pilot Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Under a pilot program, Murray City Power offers net metering to customers that generate electricity using photovoltaic (PV), wind-electric or hydroelectric systems with a maximum capacity of 10...

  12. SIXTH FRAMEWORK PROGRAMME PRIORITY "ERA-NET"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Co-ordination Action to Establish a Hydrogen and Fuel Cell ERA-Net, Hydrogen Co- ordination Work.....................................................................34 4.5 Hydrogen conversion ­ Fuel cells......................................................................36 4.6 Application of hydrogen and fuel cell technology

  13. Definition of a 'Zero Net Energy' Community

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carlisle, N.; Van Geet, O.; Pless, S.

    2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document provides a definition for a net zero-energy community. A community that offsets all of its energy use from renewables available within the community's built environment.

  14. Microsoft Word - Net Requirements Transparency Process_09302014

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    4 As part of its Net Requirements Transparency process, on July 31, 2014 BPA published the SliceBlock and Block customers' FY2013 and forecast FY2015 Total Retail Load (TRL) and...

  15. Hydro-Qubec Net Metering (Quebec, Canada)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In line with Hydro-Qubec's commitment to the environment and sustainable development, Hydro-Qubec is supporting self-generation with a new rate offering: the net metering option. This option...

  16. City of New Orleans- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In May 2007, the New Orleans City Council adopted net-metering rules that are similar to rules adopted by the Louisiana Public Service Commission (PSC) in November 2005. The City Council's rules...

  17. Crystallinity and compositional changes in carbonated apatites: Evidence from {sup 31}P solid-state NMR, Raman, and AFM analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McElderry, John-David P.; Zhu, Peizhi [Department of Chemistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1055 (United States); Mroue, Kamal H. [Department of Chemistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1055 (United States); Department of Biophysics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1055 (United States); Xu, Jiadi [Department of Biophysics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1055 (United States); Pavan, Barbara [Department of Chemistry and Science of Advanced Materials Program, Central Michigan University, Mt. Pleasant, MI 48859 (United States); Fang, Ming [Department of Chemistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1055 (United States); Zhao, Guisheng; McNerny, Erin; Kohn, David H.; Franceschi, Renny T. [School of Dentistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1055 (United States); Holl, Mark M.Banaszak [Department of Chemistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1055 (United States); Tecklenburg, Mary M.J., E-mail: mary.tecklenburg@cmich.edu [Department of Chemistry and Science of Advanced Materials Program, Central Michigan University, Mt. Pleasant, MI 48859 (United States); Ramamoorthy, Ayyalusamy [Department of Chemistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1055 (United States); Department of Biophysics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1055 (United States); Morris, Michael D. [Department of Chemistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1055 (United States)

    2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Solid-state (magic-angle spinning) NMR spectroscopy is a useful tool for obtaining structural information on bone organic and mineral components and synthetic model minerals at the atomic-level. Raman and {sup 31}P NMR spectral parameters were investigated in a series of synthetic B-type carbonated apatites (CAps). Inverse {sup 31}P NMR linewidth and inverse Raman PO{sub 4}{sup 3?}?{sub 1} bandwidth were both correlated with powder XRD c-axis crystallinity over the 0.310.3 wt% CO{sub 3}{sup 2?} range investigated. Comparison with bone powder crystallinities showed agreement with values predicted by NMR and Raman calibration curves. Carbonate content was divided into two domains by the {sup 31}P NMR chemical shift frequency and the Raman phosphate ?{sub 1} band position. These parameters remain stable except for an abrupt transition at 6.5 wt% carbonate, a composition which corresponds to an average of one carbonate per unit cell. This near-binary distribution of spectroscopic properties was also found in AFM-measured particle sizes and Ca/P molar ratios by elemental analysis. We propose that this transition differentiates between two charge-balancing ion-loss mechanisms as measured by Ca/P ratios. These results define a criterion for spectroscopic characterization of B-type carbonate substitution in apatitic minerals. - Graphical abstract: Carbonated apatite shows an abrupt change in spectral (NMR, Raman) and morphological (AFM) properties at a composition of about one carbonate substitution per unit cell. Display Omitted - Highlights: Crystallinity (XRD), particle size (AFM) of carbonated apatites and bone mineral. Linear relationships among crystallinity, {sup 31}P NMR and Raman inverse bandwidths. Low and high carbonated apatites use different charge-balancing ion-loss mechanism.

  18. Modeling Smart Grid using Generalized Stochastic Petri Net

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dey, Amrita; Sanyal, Sugata

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Building smart grid for power system is a major challenge for safe, automated and energy efficient usage of electricity. The full implementation of the smart grid will evolve over time. However, before a new set of infrastructures are invested to build the smart grid, proper modeling and analysis is needed to avoid wastage of resources. Modeling also helps to identify and prioritize appropriate systems parameters. In this paper, an all comprehensive model of smart grid have been proposed using Generalized Stochastic Petri Nets (GSPN). The model is used to analyze the constraints and deliverables of the smart power grid of future.

  19. .NET WEB DEVELOPER PROGRAM A ten-week comprehensive program covering web development using Microsoft .NET technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schaefer, Marcus

    .NET WEB DEVELOPER PROGRAM A ten-week comprehensive program covering web development using Microsoft® .NET technologies DePaul University's .NET Web Developer Program is designed to provide, techniques and principles of Microsoft .NET. The program stresses an understanding of the relevant

  20. Variations of net ecosystem CO2 exchange in a tidal inundated wetland: Coupling MODIS and towerbased fluxes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Jiquan

    .e., biomass), nutrient availability and use, and species composition in coastal Chongming Island, Shanghai, but gradual changes of water level can play an important role in deter- mining the net ecosystem CO2 exchange multiple towers to detect the changes along the tidal gradient, but the high cost and maintenance hinder

  1. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 13, 595604, 2009 www.hydrol-earth-syst-sci.net/13/595/2009/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Troch, Peter

    Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 13, 595604, 2009 www.hydrol-earth-syst-sci.net/13/595/2009/ Author, Switzerland Received: 21 October 2008 Published in Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss.: 6 January 2009 Revised latitudes under the influence of climate change and resulting changes in terrestrial hydrol- ogy. Increasing

  2. Massachusetts Takes On Climate Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kimmell, Ken; Laurie, Burt

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    systems, 21. ZERO NET ENERGY BUILDINGS TASK FORCE, FINALTHE MASSA- CHUSETTS ZERO NET ENERGY BUILDINGS TASK FORCE 1 (of zero net energy commercial and residential buildings by

  3. Constraining Climate Model Parameters from Observed 20th Century Changes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forest, Chris Eliot

    We present revised probability density functions for climate model parameters (effective climate sensitivity, the rate of deep-ocean heat uptake, and the strength of the net aerosol forcing) that are based on climate change ...

  4. G-NetMon: A GPU-accelerated Network Performance Monitoring System for Large Scale Scientific Collaborations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, Wenji; DeMar, Phil; Holmgren, Don; Singh, Amitoj; Pordes, Ruth; /Fermilab

    2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    At Fermilab, we have prototyped a GPU-accelerated network performance monitoring system, called G-NetMon, to support large-scale scientific collaborations. Our system exploits the data parallelism that exists within network flow data to provide fast analysis of bulk data movement between Fermilab and collaboration sites. Experiments demonstrate that our G-NetMon can rapidly detect sub-optimal bulk data movements.

  5. NetCDF-4: Combining the Strengths of NetCDF and HDF5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and simplicity of netCDF Generality and performance of HDF5 Preserve format and API compatibility for net Standardization DOD Joint Technical Architecture "Emerging" standard for Application Specific Data Interchange;Community Standards Based on HDF5 HDF-EOS5 DOE Defense Labs libsheaf (meshes) Nexus (neutron

  6. StreamNet Project : Annual Report Fiscal Year 2008.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schmidt, Bruce; Roger, Phil; Oftedahl, Lenora

    2008-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Fiscal Year 2008 (FY-08) represents a transitional year for the StreamNet project. While the project continued to acquire/update, standardize, georeference and disseminate fish-related data for the state, some tribal and one federal fisheries agencies, it also took on several new initiatives and is anticipating new regional guidance on data needs. Passage of the Columbia Basin Accords caused an administrative change within the project, separating the work done by the Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission (CRITFC) out to a separate contract with BPA. This will change the structure of the StreamNet contract but not change the relationship with the StreamNet Library or data developed by CRITFC, and will likely increase the availability of tribal data to StreamNet due to increased funding for tribal data efforts. This change will take effect in FY-09. We also expect that data work will be adjusted in the future in response to executive level policy direction in the Columbia Basin based on efforts to establish priorities under a regional data management framework. Data development emphasis was shifted this year to place highest priority on data that support indicators of fish abundance for the focal species covered in the Status of the Resource (SOTR) report, as requested by the Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Authority (CBFWA) Data Management Framework Subcommittee. We instituted an XML based web service allowing direct access to data from the project database for CBFWA to update the SOTR report. The project also increased efforts to work with tribal fisheries managers to provide data related assistance and to include tribal data in the StreamNet database. A primary theme this year was exploring means to speed the flow of data. We had ongoing success in our strategic emphasis on increasing automation of data conversion through development of comprehensive database systems within our partner agencies, as outlined in our Vision and Strategic Plan. By assisting development of internal database systems, we will be able to automate conversion of agency data to the regionally consistent format as well as help the agency better meet their own data needs. The Idaho StreamNet project contributed to development of IDFG's Idaho Fish and Wildlife Information System (IFWIS), and this year they successfully tested automatic conversion of data to the regional exchange format. We worked with WDFW and developed draft field data input templates for collection of smolt trap and spawning ground survey data. And, we began collaborating in a project with ODFW and EcoTrust to develop an online data dissemination tool. As these and additional data systems are brought online, we expect to be able to shorten the time needed to annually update data, and hope to use the increased efficiency to free existing staff time to develop additional types of data from our partners. Another long-term theme related to expanding data coverage to estimates of productivity and/or data needed to calculate productivity. Initial investigations within our partner agencies indicated that these data are scattered, with some components like age composition of returning fish already being addressed by StreamNet, but others not yet covered. We will continue to determine how available these data are and investigate the feasibility of capturing the estimates and supporting data in the future. Routine ongoing data development of the standard data sets in StreamNet continued this year. An update and new web page for disseminating Protected Areas data was completed. Initial work was done with the CRITFC to get ready to house and disseminate data developed by the Hatchery Scientific Review Group. All database, GIS and web server systems were maintained successfully, with repairs completed as needed. Software applications were developed or maintained, as needed. All required reports, budgets and equipment inventories were submitted. The StreamNet website (www.streamnet.org), the project's primary means of disseminating fish data, was completely redesigned this year to improve

  7. Analysis of permafrost thermal dynamics and response to climate change in the CMIP5 Earth System Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koven, C.D.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    coupled climate-carbon earth system models part i: PhysicalChangeintheCMIP5EarthSystemModels Koven, C.D. , W.J.output from a set of Earth System Models (ESMs) (Table 1)

  8. Chapter 17: Estimating Net Savings: Common Practices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Violette, D. M.; Rathbun, P.

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This chapter focuses on the methods used to estimate net energy savings in evaluation, measurement, and verification (EM&V) studies for energy efficiency (EE) programs. The chapter provides a definition of net savings, which remains an unsettled topic both within the EE evaluation community and across the broader public policy evaluation community, particularly in the context of attribution of savings to particular program. The chapter differs from the measure-specific Uniform Methods Project (UMP) chapters in both its approach and work product. Unlike other UMP resources that provide recommended protocols for determining gross energy savings, this chapter describes and compares the current industry practices for determining net energy savings, but does not prescribe particular methods.

  9. Net-Baryon Physics: Basic Mechanisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Alvarez-Muniz; R. Conceicao; J. Dias de Deus; M. C. Espirito Santo; J. G. Milhano; M. Pimenta

    2007-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

    It is well known that, in nuclear collisions, a sizable fraction of the available energy is carried away by baryons. As the baryon number is conserved, the net-baryon $B-\\bar{B}$ retains information on the energy-momentum carried by the incoming nuclei. A simple but consistent model for net-baryon production in high energy hadron-hadron, hadron-nucleus and nucleus-nucleus collisions is presented. The basic ingredients of the model are valence string formation based on standard PDFs with QCD evolution and string fragmentation via the Schwinger mechanism. The results of the model are presented and compared with both data and existing models. These results show that a good description of the main features of net-baryon data is possible on the framework of a simplistic model, with the advantage of making the fundamental production mechanisms manifest.

  10. Conformal nets III: fusion of defects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arthur Bartels; Christopher L. Douglas; Andr Henriques

    2015-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Conformal nets provides a mathematical model for conformal field theory. We define a notion of defect between conformal nets, formalizing the idea of an interaction between two conformal field theories. We introduce an operation of fusion of defects, and prove that the fusion of two defects is again a defect, provided the fusion occurs over a conformal net of finite index. There is a notion of sector (or bimodule) between two defects, and operations of horizontal and vertical fusion of such sectors. Our most difficult technical result is that the horizontal fusion of the vacuum sectors of two defects is isomorphic to the vacuum sector of the fused defect. Equipped with this isomorphism, we construct the basic interchange isomorphism between the horizontal fusion of two vertical fusions and the vertical fusion of two horizontal fusions of sectors.

  11. Microsedimentological characterization using image analysis and m-XRF as indicators of sedimentary processes and climate changes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beaudoin, Georges

    Microsedimentological characterization using image analysis and m-XRF as indicators of sedimentary online 17 July 2012 Keywords: Sedimentary processes XRF Image analysis Granulometry Micropumices-Ray Fluorescence (XRF) and Scanning electron microscope analyses. Peaks of Ca/Si and Mn, and occurrences

  12. Effects of elevated turbidity and nutrients on the net production of a tropical seagrass community

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Caldwell, J.W.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Dredging effects on seagrass communities in the Florida Keys were examined by (1) comparing impacts on net production resulting from dredging and natural weather events, (2) determining changes in community photosynthetic efficiency, (3) evaluating shading and nutrient effects on net production, and (4) developing a systems dynamics model. Net community production was estimated during numerous meteorological and dredging events using the Odum-Hoskins oxygen technique in flow-through field microcosms. In other experiments, shading and nutrients (phosphorus, nitrate, and ammonia) were manipulated to simulate dredge plume conditions. The greatest depression in net community production resulted from severe thunderstorms and dredging events, respectively. In field microcosm experiments, significant interaction occurred between shading and nutrient concentration. The model of seagrass production was most sensitive to changes in nutrient-seagrass relationships, seagrass production estimates, and seagrass-light interactions. Recovery of seagrass biomass following numerous dredging events (3.5 years) was longer than that from the estimated total annual thunderstorms encountered (1 year) but shorter than recovery from hurricane events (4.1 years).

  13. Targeting Net Zero Energy at Marine Corps Base Hawaii, Kaneohe Bay: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burman, K.; Kandt, A.; Lisell, L.; Booth, S.

    2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper summarizes the results of an NREL assessment of Marine Corps Base Hawaii (MCBH), Kaneohe Bay to appraise the potential of achieving net zero energy status through energy efficiency, renewable energy, and hydrogen vehicle integration. In 2008, the U.S. Department of Defense's U.S. Pacific Command partnered with the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to assess opportunities for increasing energy security through renewable energy and energy efficiency at Hawaii military installations. DOE selected Marine Corps Base Hawaii (MCBH), Kaneohe Bay, to receive technical support for net zero energy assessment and planning funded through the Hawaii Clean Energy Initiative (HCEI). NREL performed a comprehensive assessment to appraise the potential of MCBH Kaneohe Bay to achieve net zero energy status through energy efficiency, renewable energy, and hydrogen vehicle integration. This paper summarizes the results of the assessment and provides energy recommendations. The analysis shows that MCBH Kaneohe Bay has the potential to make significant progress toward becoming a net zero installation. Wind, solar photovoltaics, solar hot water, and hydrogen production were assessed, as well as energy efficiency technologies. Deploying wind turbines is the most cost-effective energy production measure. If the identified energy projects and savings measures are implemented, the base will achieve a 96% site Btu reduction and a 99% source Btu reduction. Using excess wind and solar energy to produce hydrogen for a fleet and fuel cells could significantly reduce energy use and potentially bring MCBH Kaneohe Bay to net zero. Further analysis with an environmental impact and interconnection study will need to be completed. By achieving net zero status, the base will set an example for other military installations, provide environmental benefits, reduce costs, increase energy security, and exceed its energy goals and mandates.

  14. NetPal: A Dynamic Network Administration Knowledge Base

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milios, Evangelos E.

    NetPal: A Dynamic Network Administration Knowledge Base Ashley George, Adetokunbo Makanju system designed to assist network administra- tors in their troubleshooting tasks, in recall- ing hosting environments, Net- pal summarises network data and and supports retrieval of relevant

  15. Net Zero Energy Military Installations: A Guide to Assessment...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Net Zero Energy Military Installations: A Guide to Assessment and Planning Net Zero Energy Military Installations: A Guide to Assessment and Planning In 2008, DoD and DOE defined a...

  16. Zero Net Energy Myths and Modes of Thought

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajkovich, Nicholas B.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    buildings, see the Zero Energy Buildings Database at http://2009). "Net-Zero Energy Commercial Buildings Initiative."a target of zero net energy (ZNE) in buildings by 2030. One

  17. Net Metering | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy ChinaofSchaeferAprilOverview | Department of1-93 July 1993 Change09 26Thermal Electric

  18. Net Metering | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy ChinaofSchaeferAprilOverview | Department of1-93 July 1993 Change09 26Thermal

  19. Net Metering | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy ChinaofSchaeferAprilOverview | Department of1-93 July 1993 Change09 26ThermalTribal

  20. Net Metering | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy ChinaofSchaeferAprilOverview | Department of1-93 July 1993 Change09

  1. Net Metering | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy ChinaofSchaeferAprilOverview | Department of1-93 July 1993 Change09Institutional Savings

  2. Net Metering | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy ChinaofSchaeferAprilOverview | Department of1-93 July 1993 Change09Institutional

  3. Net Metering | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy ChinaofSchaeferAprilOverview | Department of1-93 July 1993 Change09InstitutionalFederal

  4. Response of a tundra ecosystem to elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide and CO{sub 2}-induced climate change

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oechel, W.

    1990-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    A proposal for continuation of research on net ecosystem carbon dioxide and methane flux and sampling and analysis of soil samples from arctic tundra regions is presented.

  5. http://www.revistaecosistemas.net/articulo.asp?Id=724 INVESTIGACIN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vermont, University of

    Inventarios Forestales (BIOTREE-NET) en Mesoamérica: avances, retos y perspectivas futuras L. Cayuela 1, L

  6. The EMBO Journal vol. 12 no. 1 pp. 1 -8, 1993 Electron diffraction analysis of structural changes in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerstein, Mark

    are central to the mechanism of light- driven proton transport by bacteriorhodopsin, a seven- helix membrane- Gly mutant. The M intermediate was trapped by rapidly freezing the crystals in liquid ethane following on functional studies with bacteriorhodopsin]. The cycle of proton transport is accompanied by changes

  7. The economics of net metering Larry Hughes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughes, Larry

    . In jurisdictions that permit net metering, the owners of these facilities (the customer-generators) can supply of financial compensation on the selection of generation equipment from the perspective of the customer that generate electricity intermittently (typically renewables such as wind and solar) need not be concerned

  8. The BLOOMhouse:Zero Net Energy Housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garrison, M.; Krepart, R.; Randall, S.; Novoselac, A.

    The 2007 University of Texas Solar Decathlon House is called the BLOOMhouse because it represents the seed of new ideas for zero net energy housing. The University of Texas student team developed a prefabricated 7.9 kW stand-alone solar-powered...

  9. Bayes Nets Representation: joint distribution and conditional

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitchell, Tom

    Bayes Nets Representation: joint distribution and conditional independence Yi Zhang 10-701, Machine joint distribution of BNs Infer C. I. from factored joint distributions D-separation (motivation) 2 structure All about the joint distribution of variables ! Conditional independence assumptions are useful

  10. NET-ZERO ENERGY HIGH PERFORMANCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farritor, Shane

    , University of Nebraska­Lincoln · Denise Kuehn, Manager, Demand Side and Sustainable Management, Omaha Public was that the largest potential for enhancing energy supplies in this country is making buildings more efficient. "-- Harvey Perlman, UNL Chancellor #12;Net-Zero Energy, High-Performance Green Buildings | 1 INTRODUCTION

  11. Feasibility of Achieving a Zero-Net-Energy, Zero-Net-Cost Homes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Beaini, S.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    nearzeroenergydefinitionsexist. EnEVComplianttodifferingdefinitionsofzero energy,methodsforcosttothenetzerodefinitions,arangeoflowenergyor

  12. Preliminary analysis of the postulated changes needed to achieve rail cask handling capabilities at selected light water reactors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Konzek, G.J.

    1986-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Reactor-specific railroad and crane information for all LWRs in the US was extracted from current sources of information. Based on this information, reactors were separated into two basic groups consisting of reactors with existing, usable rail cask capabilities and those without these capabilities. The latter group is the main focus of this study. The group of reactors without present rail cask handling capabilities was further separated into two subgroups consisting of reactors considered essentially incapable of handling a large rail cask of about 100 tons and reactors where postulated facility changes could result in rail cask handling capabilities. Based on a selected population of 127 reactors, the results of this assessment indicate that usable rail cask capabilities exist at 83 (65%) of the reactors. Twelve (27%) of the remaining 44 reactors are deemed incapable of handling a large rail cask without major changes, and 32 reactors are considered likely candidates for potentially achieving rail cask handling capabilities. In the latter group, facility changes were postulated that would conceptually enable these reactors to handle large rail casks. The estimated cost per plant of required facility changes varied widely from a high of about $35 million to a low of <$0.3 million. Only 11 of the 32 plants would require crane upgrades. Spur track and right-of-way costs would apparently vary widely among sites. These results are based on preliminary analyses using available generic cost data. They represent lower bound values that are useful for developing an initial assessment of the viability of the postulated changes on a system-wide basis, but are not intended to be absolute values for specific reactors or sites.

  13. Net Zero Energy Military Installations: A Guide to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Net Zero Energy Military Installations: A Guide to Assessment and Planning Samuel Booth, John;Technical Report Net Zero Energy Military NREL/TP-7A2-48876 Installations: A Guide to August 2010 Assessment .......................................................................................................................................1 1 Introduction: Net Zero Energy In DoD Context

  14. ERDCTR-14-2 Army Net Zero Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    ERDCTR-14-2 Army Net Zero Program Composting Assessment for Organic Solid Waste at Fort Polk/client/default. #12;Army Net Zero Program ERDC TR-14-2 April 2014 Composting Assessment for Organic Solid Waste for other technical reports published by ERDC, visit the ERDC online library at http://acwc.sdp.sirsi.net

  15. Net Zero Residential Test Facility Gaithersburg, MD Solar Photovoltaic Panels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    1 Net Zero Residential Test Facility Gaithersburg, MD Solar Photovoltaic Panels Solar Thermal;NZERTF Gaithersburg, MD 3 Objectives Demonstrate Net-Zero Energy for a home similar in nature: Demonstrate Net-Zero Energy Usage Measure All Building Loads (Sensible and Latent) Operate Dedicated

  16. Materials and Methods Strain construction, materials, and Net1 mutagenesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shou, Wenying

    Materials and Methods Strain construction, materials, and Net1 mutagenesis All strains used and destruction boxes (Clb2C2DK100)HA3 was used in over-expression experiments with Clb2 (1). Net1 mutant constructs were created as previously described (2). Briefly, a wild type NET1-myc9 epitope tagged construct

  17. HEALTH NET PHARMACY BENEFITS Plan codes WEE, WKK, WQQ1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mullins, Dyche

    HEALTH NET PHARMACY BENEFITS Plan codes WEE, WKK, WQQ1 The following is a brief description of your Health Net Pharmacy benefits. PRESCRIPTIONS BY MAIL If your prescription is for a maintenance medication III. For complete information, log on as a Health Net member at www.healthnet.com > View prescription

  18. PNGT'04 Preliminary Version A congruence for Petri nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sobocinski, Pawel

    PNGT'04 Preliminary Version A congruence for Petri nets Vladimiro Sassone University of Sussex Pawel Soboci´nski Universit`a di Pisa Abstract We introduce a way of viewing Petri nets as open systems. This is done by considering a bicategory of cospans over a category of p/t nets and embeddings. We derive

  19. True Concurrency Semantics of Petri Nets (I) Concurrency Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ábrahám, Erika

    True Concurrency Semantics of Petri Nets (I) Concurrency Theory True Concurrency Semantics of Petri Nets (I) Joost-Pieter Katoen and Thomas Noll Lehrstuhl für Informatik 2 Software Modeling and Thomas Noll Concurrency Theory 1/48 True Concurrency Semantics of Petri Nets (I) Overview 1 Introduction

  20. The Compositionality of Abstraction for Coloured Petri Nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lakos, Charles

    The Compositionality of Abstraction for Coloured Petri Nets Charles Lakos, Electrical Engineering.Lakos@utas.edu.au Abstract: An earlier paper considered the appropriate properties for abstract net components in the Coloured Petri Net formalism. This paper extends that earlier work in refining some definitions

  1. The Individual and Collective Token Interpretations of Petri Nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pratt, Vaughan

    The Individual and Collective Token Interpretations of Petri Nets Rob van Glabbeek National ICT@cs.stanford.edu Abstract. Starting from the opinion that the standard firing rule of Petri nets embodies the collective token interpretation of nets rather than their individual token interpretation, I propose a new firing

  2. INFORMATION SYSTEMS MODELLING USING LOOPN++, AN OBJECT PETRI NET SCHEME

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lakos, Charles

    INFORMATION SYSTEMS MODELLING USING LOOPN++, AN OBJECT PETRI NET SCHEME Chris Keen and Charles, object petri nets, information systems modelling, ontological expressiveness Abstract There have been formalisms based on petri nets. In particular, the application of object­based design principles have

  3. Complexity Results for 1-safe Nets Allan Cheng

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palsberg, Jens

    Complexity Results for 1-safe Nets Allan Cheng Computer Science Department, Aarhus University Ny@daimi.aau.dk Abstract We study the complexity of several standard problems for 1-safe Petri nets and some of its subclasses. We prove that reachability, liveness, and deadlock are all PSPACE-complete for 1-safe nets. We

  4. The Individual and Collective Token Interpretations of Petri Nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pratt, Vaughan

    The Individual and Collective Token Interpretations of Petri Nets@cs.stanford.edu Abstract. Starting from the opinion that the standard firing rule of Petri nets embodies the collective token interpretation of nets rather than their individual token interpretation, I propose

  5. The Object Orientation of Object Petri Nets Charles Lakos,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lakos, Charles

    The Object Orientation of Object Petri Nets Charles Lakos, Computer Science Department, University informally introduces Object Petri Nets (OPNs) with a number of examples and discusses how this kind of Petri Net addresses a number of issues pertinent to Concurrent Object­Oriented Programming Languages. OPNs

  6. FishNet: Finding and Maintaining Information on the Net Paul De Bra 1 and Pim Lemmens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Bra, Paul

    FishNet: Finding and Maintaining Information on the Net Paul De Bra 1 and Pim Lemmens Department whether links are still valid and whether documents they point to have been modified or moved. ffl Fish of a given set of (addresses of) documents. FishNet keeps track of the evolution of a domain of interest

  7. Making a Place for Seniors on the Net: SeniorNet, Senior Identity, and the Digital Divide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ito, Mimi

    Making a Place for Seniors on the Net: SeniorNet, Senior Identity, and the Digital Divide Mizuko Ito1 , Vicki L. O'Day2 , Annette Adler3 , Charlotte Linde4 , Elizabeth D. Mynatt5 Expanding the Story of the Digital Divide The most recent edition of the annual "Falling Through the Net" report from the U

  8. A Portable Rocket-Net System for Capturing Wildlife Construction, use, and safety of a portable rocket-net system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Portable Rocket-Net System for Capturing Wildlife Construction, use, and safety of a portable rocket-net system for use in wildlife capture are described, including the standard 3-rocket system, are presented. Keywords: Rocket net, wildlife capture, trapping, bald eagle, Haliaeetus leucocephalus, Arizona

  9. The Chinese Chang'e Lunar Exploration Project and Its Management Structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LU, Hanlu

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2010): 46. 14. Project Apollo: A Retrospective Analysis,Project Change Megaproject Apollo Country China UnitedData sources: 1. Project Apollo: A Retrospective Analysis,

  10. 2013ANNUAL REPORT inCHANGING TIMES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weber, David J.

    and Impact in Mental Health University of Maryland eCare -- a Virtual Safety Net for Hospital Patients 50 Leadership CONTENTS ThE POwEr Of ParTNErShiP Changes in science, public policy and the economy have forced us to make hard choices. We are not alone in this. This series of adverse actions

  11. Frontiers in Global Change Seminar Series

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frontiers in Global Change Seminar Series Aerosol-Cloud Interactions: The Elusive Component particles ("aerosols") exert a net cooling effect by directly scattering and absorption of solar radiation (the "aerosol direct climatic effect"). Aerosols also affect clouds by acting as the seed for droplet

  12. Graph-theoretic analysis of discrete-phase-space states for condition change detection and quantification of information

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hively, Lee M.

    2014-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Data collected from devices and human condition may be used to forewarn of critical events such as machine/structural failure or events from brain/heart wave data stroke. By monitoring the data, and determining what values are indicative of a failure forewarning, one can provide adequate notice of the impending failure in order to take preventive measures. This disclosure teaches a computer-based method to convert dynamical numeric data representing physical objects (unstructured data) into discrete-phase-space states, and hence into a graph (structured data) for extraction of condition change.

  13. Net-baryon-, net-proton-, and net-charge kurtosis in heavy-ion collisions within a relativistic transport approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marlene Nahrgang; Tim Schuster; Michael Mitrovski; Reinhard Stock; Marcus Bleicher

    2012-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We explore the potential of net-baryon, net-proton and net-charge kurtosis measurements to investigate the properties of hot and dense matter created in relativistic heavy-ion collisions. Contrary to calculations in a grand canonical ensemble we explicitly take into account exact electric and baryon charge conservation on an event-by-event basis. This drastically limits the width of baryon fluctuations. A simple model to account for this is to assume a grand-canonical distribution with a sharp cut-off at the tails. We present baseline predictions of the energy dependence of the net-baryon, net-proton and net-charge kurtosis for central ($b\\leq 2.75$ fm) Pb+Pb/Au+Au collisions from $E_{lab}=2A$ GeV to $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}=200$ GeV from the UrQMD model. While the net-charge kurtosis is compatible with values around zero, the net-baryon number decreases to large negative values with decreasing beam energy. The net-proton kurtosis becomes only slightly negative for low $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}$.

  14. Tidal effects on net ecosystem exchange of carbon in an estuarine wetland Haiqiang Guo a,c

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noormets, Asko

    Tidal effects on net ecosystem exchange of carbon in an estuarine wetland Haiqiang Guo a,c , Asko, Shanghai, China b Southern Global Change Program, USDA Forest Service, Raleigh, NC, USA c Department concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) have stimulated great interest in studying the carbon

  15. Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 8, 539558, 2008 www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/8/539/2008/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 8, 539558, 2008 www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/8 Hazards and Earth System Sciences Spatial variability and potential impacts of climate change on flood and debris flow hazard zone mapping and implications for risk management H. Staffler1, R. Pollinger2, A

  16. Intelligent Controls for Net-Zero Energy Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Haorong; Cho, Yong; Peng, Dongming

    2011-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of this project is to develop and demonstrate enabling technologies that can empower homeowners to convert their homes into net-zero energy buildings in a cost-effective manner. The project objectives and expected outcomes are as follows: To develop rapid and scalable building information collection and modeling technologies that can obtain and process as-built building information in an automated or semiautomated manner. To identify low-cost measurements and develop low-cost virtual sensors that can monitor building operations in a plug-n-play and low-cost manner. To integrate and demonstrate low-cost building information modeling (BIM) technologies. To develop decision support tools which can empower building owners to perform energy auditing and retrofit analysis. To develop and demonstrate low-cost automated diagnostics and optimal control technologies which can improve building energy efficiency in a continual manner.

  17. The Impact of Rate Design and Net Metering on the Bill Savings from Distributed PV for Residential Customers in California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Darghouth, Naim; Barbose, Galen; Wiser, Ryan

    2010-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Net metering has become a widespread policy in the U.S. for supporting distributed photovoltaics (PV) adoption. Though specific design details vary, net metering allows customers with PV to reduce their electric bills by offsetting their consumption with PV generation, independent of the timing of the generation relative to consumption - in effect, compensating the PV generation at retail electricity rates (Rose et al. 2009). While net metering has played an important role in jump-starting the residential PV market in the U.S., challenges to net metering policies have emerged in a number of states and contexts, and alternative compensation methods are under consideration. Moreover, one inherent feature of net metering is that the value of the utility bill savings it provides to customers with PV depends heavily on the structure of the underlying retail electricity rate, as well as on the characteristics of the customer and PV system. Consequently, the value of net metering - and the impact of moving to alternative compensation mechanisms - can vary substantially from one customer to the next. For these reasons, it is important for policymakers and others that seek to support the development of distributed PV to understand both how the bill savings varies under net metering, and how the bill savings under net metering compares to other possible compensation mechanisms. To advance this understanding, we analyze the bill savings from PV for residential customers of California's two largest electric utilities, Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) and Southern California Edison (SCE). The analysis is based on hourly load data from a sample of 215 residential customers located in the service territories of the two utilities, matched with simulated hourly PV production for the same time period based on data from the nearest of 73 weather stations in the state.

  18. Modeling Cyber Conflicts Using an Extended Petri Net Formalism

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zakrzewska, Anita N [ORNL; Ferragut, Erik M [ORNL

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    When threatened by automated attacks, critical systems that require human-controlled responses have difficulty making optimal responses and adapting protections in real- time and may therefore be overwhelmed. Consequently, experts have called for the development of automatic real-time reaction capabilities. However, a technical gap exists in the modeling and analysis of cyber conflicts to automatically understand the repercussions of responses. There is a need for modeling cyber assets that accounts for concurrent behavior, incomplete information, and payoff functions. Furthermore, we address this need by extending the Petri net formalism to allow real-time cyber conflicts to be modeled in a way that is expressive and concise. This formalism includes transitions controlled by players as well as firing rates attached to transitions. This allows us to model both player actions and factors that are beyond the control of players in real-time. We show that our formalism is able to represent situational aware- ness, concurrent actions, incomplete information and objective functions. These factors make it well-suited to modeling cyber conflicts in a way that allows for useful analysis. MITRE has compiled the Common Attack Pattern Enumera- tion and Classification (CAPEC), an extensive list of cyber attacks at various levels of abstraction. CAPEC includes factors such as attack prerequisites, possible countermeasures, and attack goals. These elements are vital to understanding cyber attacks and to generating the corresponding real-time responses. We demonstrate that the formalism can be used to extract precise models of cyber attacks from CAPEC. Several case studies show that our Petri net formalism is more expressive than other models, such as attack graphs, for modeling cyber conflicts and that it is amenable to exploring cyber strategies.

  19. Determination of Longitudinal Dispersion Coefficient and Net

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ho, David

    with a Large-Scale, High Resolution SF6 Tracer Release Experiment D A V I D T . H O , * , P E T E R S C H L O into rivers. In the following, we report results from a large-scale SF6 tracer release experiment conducted in the tidal Hudson River to examine longitudinal dispersion and net advection. SF6 was injected

  20. ARM - Measurement - Net broadband total irradiance

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadap Documentation TDMADAP : XDCnarrowband upwelling irradiance ARM DatagovMeasurementsNet

  1. Next Update: October 2010 Net Internal

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office ofthrough 1996) inThousandWithdrawals (MillionNine Mile Pointper0 0 Net

  2. Method for net-shaping using aerogels

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Brinker, C. Jeffrey (Albuquerque, NM); Ashey, Carol S. (Albuquerque, NM); Reed, Scott T. (Albuquerque, NM); Sriram, Chunangad S. (Indianapolis, IN); Harris, Thomas M. (Tulsa, OK)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of net-shaping using aerogel materials is provided by first forming a sol, aging the sol to form a gel, with the gel having a fluid component and having been formed into a medium selected from the group consisting of a powder, bulk material, or granular aerobeads, derivatizing the surface of the gel to render the surface unreactive toward further condensation, removing a portion of the fluid component of the final shaped gel to form a partially dried medium, placing the medium into a cavity, wherein the volume of said medium is less that the volume of the cavity, and removing a portion of the fluid component of the medium. The removal, such as by heating at a temperature of approximately less than 50.degree. C., applying a vacuum, or both, causes the volume of the medium to increase and to form a solid aerogel. The material can be easily removed by exposing the material to a solvent, thereby reducing the volume of the material. In another embodiment, the gel is derivatized and then formed into a shaped medium, where subsequent drying reduces the volume of the shaped medium, forming a net-shaping material. Upon further drying, the material increases in volume to fill a cavity. The present invention is both a method of net-shaping and the material produced by the method.

  3. Analysis of rabbit intervertebral disc physiology based on water metabolism. II. Changes in normal intervertebral discs under axial vibratory load

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hirano, N.; Tsuji, H.; Ohshima, H.; Kitano, S.; Itoh, T.; Sano, A.

    1988-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Metabolic changes induced by axial vibratory load to the spine were investigated based on water metabolism in normal intervertebral discs of rabbits with or without pentobarbital anesthesia. Tritiated water concentration in the intervertebral discs of unanesthetized rabbits was reduced remarkably by axial vibration for 30 minutes using the vibration machine developed for this study. Repeated vibratory load for 18 and 42 hours duration showed the recovery of /sup 3/H/sub 2/O concentration of the intervertebral disc without anesthesia. Computer simulation suggested a reduction of blood flow surrounding the intervertebral disc following the vibration stress. However, no reduction of the /sup 3/H/sub 2/O concentration in the intervertebral disc was noted under anesthesia. Emotional stress cannot be excluded as a factor in water metabolism in the intervertebral disc.

  4. Validation Methodology to Allow Simulated Peak Reduction and Energy Performance Analysis of Residential Building Envelope with Phase Change Materials: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tabares-Velasco, P. C.; Christensen, C.; Bianchi, M.

    2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Phase change materials (PCM) represent a potential technology to reduce peak loads and HVAC energy consumption in residential buildings. This paper summarizes NREL efforts to obtain accurate energy simulations when PCMs are modeled in residential buildings: the overall methodology to verify and validate Conduction Finite Difference (CondFD) and PCM algorithms in EnergyPlus is presented in this study. It also shows preliminary results of three residential building enclosure technologies containing PCM: PCM-enhanced insulation, PCM impregnated drywall and thin PCM layers. The results are compared based on predicted peak reduction and energy savings using two algorithms in EnergyPlus: the PCM and Conduction Finite Difference (CondFD) algorithms.

  5. China's terrestrial carbon balance: Contributions from multiple global change factors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montana, University of

    China's terrestrial carbon balance: Contributions from multiple global change factors Hanqin Tian,1 to be investigated. China is important in determining the global carbon balance in terms of both carbon emission change) on net carbon balance in terrestrial ecosystems of China for the period 19612005 were modeled

  6. A Causal Net Approach to Relativistic Quantum Mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. D. Bateson

    2012-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we discuss a causal network approach to describing relativistic quantum mechanics. Each vertex on the causal net represents a possible point event or particle observation. By constructing the simplest causal net based on Reichenbach-like conjunctive forks in proper time we can exactly derive the 1+1 dimension Dirac equation for a relativistic fermion and correctly model quantum mechanical statistics. Symmetries of the net provide various quantum mechanical effects such as quantum uncertainty and wavefunction, phase, spin, negative energy states and the effect of a potential. The causal net can be embedded in 3+1 dimensions and is consistent with the conventional Dirac equation. In the low velocity limit the causal net approximates to the Schrodinger equation and Pauli equation for an electromagnetic field. Extending to different momentum states the net is compatible with the Feynman path integral approach to quantum mechanics that allows calculation of well known quantum phenomena such as diffraction.

  7. Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 6, 293302, 2006 www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/6/293/2006/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 6, 293302, 2006 www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/6/293/2006/ Author(s) 2006. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences A conceptual approach to the use of Cost Benefit and Multi Criteria Analysis in natural hazard

  8. Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 7, 549556, 2007 www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/7/549/2007/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    -potential recorded in Guerrero state, Mexico. This region is characterized by high seismicity. The electric selfNat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 7, 549556, 2007 www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/7 Sciences A statistical analysis of electric self-potential time series associated to two 1993 earthquakes

  9. Motivation Literature Network Performance Measure Network Robustness SCN Model Fin. Net. Model Conclusions Network Efficiency/Performance Measurement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    Conclusions Network Efficiency/Performance Measurement with Vulnerability and Robustness Analysis Conclusions 1 Motivation 2 Literature Review 3 Network Efficiency/Performance Measure Variational Inequality Robustness SCN Model Fin. Net. Model Conclusions 1 Motivation 2 Literature Review 3 Network Efficiency/Performance

  10. Lights, Conformational Change... Action!

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the flashes, they collected the x-ray scattering data. Analysis of the data revealed the build-up of large conformational changes between the two structures at the nanometer...

  11. Net Zero Energy Military Installations: A Guide to Assessment...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Net Zero Energy Military Installations: A Guide to Assessment and Planning Samuel Booth, John Barnett, Kari Burman, Josh Hambrick and Robert Westby Technical Report NREL...

  12. Lessons Learned from Net Zero Energy Assessments and Renewable...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Lessons Learned from Net Zero Energy Assessments and Renewable Energy Projects at Military Installations Michael Callahan, Kate Anderson, Sam Booth, Jessica Katz, and Tim Tetreault...

  13. Hydro-Qubec Net Metering (Quebec, Canada) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Canada) Policy Type Net Metering Affected Technologies Geothermal Electric, Solar Photovoltaics Active Policy Yes Implementing Sector Utility Funding Source Hydro-Quebec Primary...

  14. The Intersection of Net Metering and Retail Choice: An Overview...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    and utilities provide net metering options for their customers. They then provided case studies to illustrate the models. Date December 2010 Topic Financing, Incentives &...

  15. Deep Energy Efficiency and Getting to Net Zero

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation covers energy efficiency and getting to net zero and is given at the Spring 2011 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting.

  16. Scotia Energy Electricity- Net Metering Program (Nova Scotia, Canada)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Nova Scotia Power Inc. Net Metering allows residential and commercial customers to connect small, renewable energy generating units to the provincial power grid.

  17. Designing Hawaiis First LEED Platinum Net Zero Community: ...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Kaupuni Village Department of Hawaiian Home Lands Designing Hawaii's first LEED Platinum Net Zero Community GUIDING PRINCIPALS *Pihapono *Hoa ina *Mlama ina Enable Native...

  18. Net bundles over posets and K-theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. E. Roberts; G. Ruzzi; E. Vasselli

    2012-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We continue studying net bundles over partially ordered sets (posets), defined as the analogues of ordinary fibre bundles. To this end, we analyze the connection between homotopy, net homology and net cohomology of a poset, giving versions of classical Hurewicz theorems. Focusing our attention on Hilbert net bundles, we define the K-theory of a poset and introduce functions over the homotopy groupoid satisfying the same formal properties as Chern classes. As when the given poset is a base for the topology of a space, our results apply to the category of locally constant bundles.

  19. Maritime Electric- Net Metering (Prince Edward Island, Canada)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In December 2005 The Renewable Energy Act and associated Regulations came into effect. A Government policy objective incorporated in the Act was the introduction of net metering for...

  20. Exact entanglement renormalization for string-net models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robert Koenig; Ben W. Reichardt; Guifre Vidal

    2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We construct an explicit renormalization group (RG) transformation for Levin and Wen's string-net models on a hexagonal lattice. The transformation leaves invariant the ground-state "fixed-point" wave function of the string-net condensed phase. Our construction also produces an exact representation of the wave function in terms of the multi-scale entanglement renormalization ansatz (MERA). This sets the stage for efficient numerical simulations of string-net models using MERA algorithms. It also provides an explicit quantum circuit to prepare the string-net ground-state wave function using a quantum computer.

  1. Zero Net Energy Myths and Modes of Thought

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajkovich, Nicholas B.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2009). "Net-Zero Energy Commercial Buildings Initiative."Goetzler, W. (2008). Zero Energy Homes: Implications forcommercial buildings, see the Zero Energy Buildings Database

  2. artificial neural nets: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Adaptive Engineering Websites Summary: Neural Nets for Adaptive Filtering and Adaptive Pattern Recognition Bernard Widrow, Stanford elements, on the other hand, arethe building...

  3. A Method for Correcting Catches of Fish Larvae For the Size Selection of Plankton Nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    corrected by determining the ratio between a stan- dard net and a test net with either zero extrusion or. . zero avoidance. However, when avoidance of the test net with zero extrusion or when extrusion through test net with zero avoidance differs from the stan- dard net, then the usual method of correcting

  4. Transactions and Zero-Safe Nets Roberto Bruni and Ugo Montanari

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruni, Roberto

    Transactions and Zero-Safe Nets Roberto Bruni and Ugo Montanari Dipartimento di Informatica present an approach to the modeling of transactions based on zero-safe nets. They extend ordinary PT nets be uniformly adapted to zero-safe nets. In particular, we show that each zero-safe net has two associated PT

  5. Process Semantics of General Inhibitor Nets1 H. C. M. Kleijn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newcastle upon Tyne, University of

    Process Semantics of General Inhibitor Nets1 H. C. M. Kleijn LIACS, Leiden University P.O.Box 9512 a causality semantics of Place/Transition nets with weighted inhibitor arcs (PTI-nets). We extend the standard approach to defining the partial order semantics of Place/Transition nets (PT-nets) based on the process

  6. Non-Abelian String-Net Ladders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. D. Schulz; S. Dusuel; J. Vidal

    2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the string-net model with a string tension for non-Abelian particles in the ladder geometry. Focusing on the simplest non-Abelian theory with a total quantum dimension larger than two, we find evidence for a "russian doll" spectrum featuring size-independent energy levels. Contrary to Fibonacci and Ising ladders, the spectrum is found to be gapped at the self-dual points and low-energy excitations in the ground-state sector consist in two-quasiparticle bound states that are discussed in the weak-tension limit. We argue that such properties are prototypical of theories containing more than one non-Abelian particle.

  7. Wire-Net | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTown ofNationwideWTEDBird,Wilsonville,Winneconne,WinslowWinthrop,Wire-Net Jump to:

  8. net_energy_load_2006.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year199873.4 66.1 56.2 50.4415 6833 (ThousandMean1. Net Energy

  9. net_energy_load_2010.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year199873.4 66.1 56.2 50.4415 6833 (ThousandMean1. Net

  10. Working and Net Available Shell Storage Capacity

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I'26,282.1chemical compounds composed of113) MonthlyP FNetNet

  11. Millenial Net Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant JumpMarysville, Ohio:Menomonee|Mililani Town, Hawaii:Mille Lacs County,Millenial Net

  12. Motivation Elastic Net Computation Elastic-Net and algorithms for computing the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Recht, Ben

    Solution Lemma Given data set (y, X) and (1, 2), define an artificial data set (y, X) by X (n+p)?p = (1 + 2 compute the elastic-net estimator ^(enet), and then we construct the adaptive weights by ^wj = (|^j

  13. Community Net Energy Metering: How Novel Policies Expand Benefits of Net Metering to Non-Generators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rose, James; Varnado, Laurel

    2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As interest in community solutions to renewable energy grows, more states are beginning to develop policies that encourage properties with more than one meter to install shared renewable energy systems. State net metering policies are evolving to allow the aggregation of multiple meters on a customer???¢????????s property and to dissolve conventional geographical boundaries. This trend means net metering is expanding out of its traditional function as an enabling incentive to offset onsite customer load at a single facility. This paper analyzes community net energy metering (CNEM) as an emerging vehicle by which farmers, neighborhoods, and municipalities may more easily finance and reap the benefits of renewable energy. Specifically, it aims to compare and contrast the definition of geographical boundaries among different CNEM models and examine the benefits and limitations of each approach. As state policies begin to stretch the geographic boundaries of net metering, they allow inventive solutions to encourage renewable energy investment. This paper attempts to initiate the conversation on this emerging policy mechanism and offers recommendations for further development of these policies.

  14. PAGES news Vol 20 No 1 February 2012 PairedPerspectivesonGlobalChange

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoffelen, Ad

    , heat wave resilience, vulnerability to floods and other such factors in the proximity of human increased the surface albedo, thereby reducing the net energy available at the surface. This has possibly-use change (that is, the conversion of natur

  15. http://agbioresearch.msu.edu/centers/nwmihort/nwmihort_northern_michigan_fruit_net http://agbioresearch.msu.edu/centers/nwmihort/nwmihort_northern_michigan_fruit_net

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 http://agbioresearch.msu.edu/centers/nwmihort/nwmihort_northern_michigan_fruit_net #12;2 http://agbioresearch.msu.edu/centers/nwmihort/nwmihort_northern_michigan_fruit_net #12;3 http://agbioresearch.msu.edu/centers/nwmihort/nwmihort_northern_michigan_fruit_net #12;4 http://agbioresearch.msu.edu/centers/nwmihort/nwmihort_northern_michigan_fruit_net #12;5 http

  16. Massless scalar free Field in 1+1 dimensions, II: Net Cohomology and Completeness of Superselection Sectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fabio Ciolli

    2010-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

    As an application of Roberts' cohomology (net cohomology), we prove the completeness of the DHR sectors of the local observables of the model in the title, detailed in [8]. This result is achieved via the triviality of the net 1-cohomology, with values in the local fields, enhancing the Roberts' methods to the case of anyonic Weyl nets, not satisfying the split property. We take advantage of using different causal index sets for the nets involved. The presence of anyonic commutation relations is treated introducing the notion of nets graded by a generic group, and the related properties of graded locality and graded duality. As a further result, we obtain the description of twisted and untwisted sectors of the model as two symmetric subcategories of a W*-braided category, whose objects are the same as the dual category of the compact Abelian group of the gauge symmetry. The work also furnish some hints for the analysis of the sector structure of generic models on different spacetimes.

  17. Fact #736: July 16, 2012 Total Petroleum Imports and Net Petroleum...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    the 1970s the difference between total and net imports was minor. However, as the U.S. exports more petroleum, the gap between total imports and net imports grows. In 2011, net...

  18. Ethnically diverse patients' perceptions of clinician computer use in a safety-net clinic.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ratanawongsa, Neda; Barton, Jennifer L; Schillinger, Dean; Yelin, Edward H; Hettema, Jennifer E; Lum, Paula J

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    computer use in a safety-net clinic Neda Ratanawongsa, MD,populations. Safety-net clinics adopting EHRs should measureUse in a Safety-?net Clinic. J Health Care Poor

  19. Optimal Technology Investment and Operation in Zero-Net-Energy Buildings with Demand Response

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadler, Michael

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Operation in Zero-Net- Energy Buildings with Demand ResponseOperation in Zero-Net-Energy Buildings with Demand Responsemicrogrid, storage, zero- net energy buildings, zero-carbon

  20. Targeting Net Zero Energy for Military Installations (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burman, K.

    2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Targeting Net Zero Energy for Military Installations in Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii. A net zero energy installation (NZEI) is one that produces as much energy from on-site renewable sources as it consumes. NZEI assessment provides a systematic approach to energy projects.

  1. Is Net Ecosystem Production Equal to Ecosystem Carbon Accumulation?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pace, Michael L.

    COMMENTARY Is Net Ecosystem Production Equal to Ecosystem Carbon Accumulation? Gary M. Lovett,* Jonathan J. Cole, and Michael L. Pace Institute of Ecosystem Studies, Millbrook, New York 12545, USA ABSTRACT Net ecosystem production (NEP), defined as the difference between gross primary production

  2. Predicting Daily Net Radiation Using Minimum Climatological Data1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Predicting Daily Net Radiation Using Minimum Climatological Data1 S. Irmak, M.ASCE2 ; A. Irmak3 ; J Abstract: Net radiation (Rn) is a key variable for computing reference evapotranspiration and is a driving for predicting daily Rn have been widely used. However, when the paucity of detailed climatological data

  3. Net Balanced Floorplanning Based on Elastic Energy Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nannarelli, Alberto

    Net Balanced Floorplanning Based on Elastic Energy Model Wei Liu and Alberto Nannarelli Dept variations can introduce extra signal skew, it is desirable to have floorplans with balanced net delays based on the elastic energy model. The B*-tree, which is based on an ordered binary tree, is used

  4. Artificial Neural Nets and Cylinder Pressures in Diesel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharkey, Amanda

    Artificial Neural Nets and Cylinder Pressures in Diesel Engine Fault Diagnosis * Gopi O diagnosis system for a diesel engine, which uses artificial neural nets to identify faults on the basis cylinder Ruston AP 230, medium speed Diesel engine was simulated. When tested on new data previously unseen

  5. artificial neural net: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    neural net First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 On Combining Artificial Neural Nets CiteSeer...

  6. Net energy ratio of photobiohydrogen generation G. Burgessa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Net energy ratio of photobiohydrogen generation G. Burgessa and J.G. Fernndez the energy content, the operational energy inputs, and the net energy ratio (NER) of an industrial tubular photobioreactor used for the photosynthetic production of H2 by microalgae. The calculated H2 output

  7. Quantum computational tensor network on string-net condensate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomoyuki Morimae

    2011-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The string-net condensate is a new class of materials which exhibits the quantum topological order. In order to answer the important question, "how useful is the string-net condensate in quantum information processing?", we consider the most basic example of the string-net condensate, namely the $Z_2$ gauge string-net condensate on the two-dimensional hexagonal lattice, and show that the universal measurement-based quantum computation (in the sense of the quantum computational webs) is possible on it by using the framework of the quantum computational tensor network. This result implies that even the most basic example of the string-net condensate is equipped with the correlation space that has the capacity for the universal quantum computation.

  8. Targeting Net Zero Energy at Marine Corps Base Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Targeting Net Zero Energy at Marine Corps Base Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii: Assessment and Recommendations Targeting Net Zero Energy at Marine Corps Base Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii: Assessment...

  9. Electricity Bill Savings from Residential Photovoltaic Systems: Sensitivities to Changes in Future Electricity Market Conditions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Darghouth, Naim; Barbose, Galen; Wiser, Ryan

    2013-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    This scoping study investigates the impact of, and interactions among, three key sources of uncertainty in the future value of bill savings from customer-sited PV, focusing in particular on residential customers. These three sources of uncertainty are: changes to electricity market conditions that would affect retail electricity prices, changes to the types of retail rate structures available to residential customers with PV, and shifts away from standard net-metering toward other compensation mechanisms for residential PV. We investigate the impact of a range of electricity market scenarios on retail electricity prices and rate structures, and the resulting effects on the value of bill savings from PV. The scenarios include various levels of renewable and solar energy deployment, high and low natural gas prices, the possible introduction of carbon pricing, and greater or lesser reliance on utility-scale storage and demand response. We examine the bill savings from PV with time-invariant, flat residential retail rates, as well as with time-varying retail rates, including time-of-use (TOU) rates and real-time pricing (RTP). In addition, we explore a flat rate with increasing-block pricing (IBP). We evaluate the bill savings from PV with net metering, as currently allowed in many states, as well as scenarios with hourly netting, a partial form of net metering. This scoping study is the first known effort to evaluate these types of interactions in a reasonably comprehensive fashion, though by no means have we considered every possible change to electricity market conditions, retail rate structures, or PV compensation mechanisms. It focuses solely on the private value of bill savings for residential PV and does not seek to quantify the broader social or economic cost or value of solar electricity. Our analysis applies assumptions based loosely on Californias electricity market in a future year (2030); however, it is neither intended to forecast Californias future market, nor are our conclusions intended to have implications specific only to the California market. That said, some of the findings are unique to our underlying assumptions, as described further within the main body of the report, along with other key limitations.

  10. Predictions for net-proton and net-kaon distributions at LHC energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yacine Mehtar-Tani; Georg Wolschin

    2010-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate baryon and charge transport in relativistic heavy-ion collisions, compare with Au + Au RHIC data at sqrt(s_NN)=0.2 TeV, and make predictions for net-proton rapidity distributions in central Pb + Pb collisions at CERN LHC energies of sqrt(s_NN)=2.8, 3.9, and 5.5 TeV. We use the gluon saturation model and put special emphasis on the midrapidity valley |y|Net-kaon distributions are calculated and compared to BRAHMS Au + Au data at RHIC energies of sqrt(s_NN)= 0.2 TeV, and predicted for Pb + Pb at 5.5 TeV.

  11. Vegetation Change Analysis User's Manual

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D. J. Hansen; W. K. Ostler

    2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Approximately 70 percent of all U.S. military training lands are located in arid and semi-arid areas. Training activities in such areas frequently adversely affect vegetation, damaging plants and reducing the resilience of vegetation to recover once disturbed. Fugitive dust resulting from a loss of vegetation creates additional problems for human health, increasing accidents due to decreased visibility, and increasing maintenance costs for roads, vehicles, and equipment. Diagnostic techniques are needed to identify thresholds of sustainable military use. A cooperative effort among U.S. Department of Energy, U.S. Department of Defense, and selected university scientists was undertaken to focus on developing new techniques for monitoring and mitigating military impacts in arid lands. This manual focuses on the development of new monitoring techniques that have been implemented at Fort Irwin, California. New mitigation techniques are described in a separate companion manual. This User's Manual is designed to address diagnostic capabilities needed to distinguish between various degrees of sustainable and nonsustainable impacts due to military training and testing and habitat-disturbing activities in desert ecosystems. Techniques described here focus on the use of high-resolution imagery and the application of image-processing techniques developed primarily for medical research. A discussion is provided about the measurement of plant biomass and shrub canopy cover in arid. lands using conventional methods. Both semiquantitative methods and quantitative methods are discussed and reference to current literature is provided. A background about the use of digital imagery to measure vegetation is presented.

  12. An Assessment of Economic Analysis Methods for Cogeneration Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolander, J. N.; Murphy, W. E.; Turner, W. D.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cogeneration feasibility studies were conducted for eleven state agencies of Texas. A net present value (NPV) analysis was used to evaluate candidate cogeneration systems and select the optimum system. CELCAP, an hour-by-hour cogeneration analysis...

  13. Framing a Comprehensive Approach to Climate Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boggs, Jay W.; Chellinsky, Andrew; Ege, David; Hodges, Allen; Reynolds, Tripp; Williams, Andy

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Ohio State University in 2004 with a B.A. in International Relations. Between his junior and senior years, Andrew spent the summer in Tomsk, Russia, studying the Siberian environment and transition economies. In addition to concentrating... in international political discourse. Despite the net positive effect on the U.S. due to climate change in 2025, the devastating climate effects across Africa, the Middle East, and South Asia; the beginnings of a resurgent Russia regaining great power...

  14. Optical properties are an important way to understand how climate change is altering the oceans we rely on. Dr David Antoine leads the BIOCAREX project in improving analysis of optical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antoine, David

    Optical properties are an important way to understand how climate change is altering the oceans we rely on. Dr David Antoine leads the BIOCAREX project in improving analysis of optical properties. Here, he discusses bio-optics and their application in the Mediterranean Sea As an introduction could you

  15. Response of a tundra ecosytem to elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide and CO{sub 2}-induced climate change. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oechel, W.C.

    1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The overall objective of this research was to document current patterns of CO{sub 2} flux in selected locations of the circumpolar arctic, and to develop the information necessary to predict how these fluxes may be affected by climate change. In fulfillment of these objectives, net CO{sub 2} flux was measured at several sites on the North Slope of Alaska during the 1990-94 growing season (June-August) to determine the local and regional patterns, of seasonal CO{sub 2} exchange. In addition, net CO{sub 2} flux was measured in the Russian and Icelandic Arctic to determine if the patterns of CO{sub 2} exchange observed in Arctic Alaska were representative of the circumpolar arctic, while cold-season CO{sub 2} flux measurements were carried out during the 1993-94 winter season to determine the magnitude of CO{sub 2} efflux not accounted for by the growing season measurements. Manipulations of soil water table depth and surface temperature, which were identified from the extensive measurements as being the most important variables in determining the magnitude and direction of net CO{sub 2} exchange, were carried out during the 1993-94 growing seasons in tussock and wet sedge tundra ecosystems. Finally, measurements of CH{sub 4} flux were also measured at several of the North Slope study sites during the 1990-91 growing seasons. Measurements were made on small (e.g. 0.5 m{sup 2}) plots using a portable gas-exchange system and cuvette. The sample design allowed frequent measurements of net CO{sub 2} exchange and respiration over diurnal and seasonal cycles, and a large spatial extent that incorporated both locally and regionally diverse tundra surface types. Measurements both within and between ecosystem types typically extended over soil water table depth and temperature gradients, allowing for the indirect analysis of the effects of anticipated climate change scenarios on net CO{sub 2} exchange. In situ experiments provided a direct means for testing hypotheses.

  16. Main Street Net-Zero Energy Buildings: The Zero Energy Method in Concept and Practice

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Torcellini, P.; Pless, S.; Lobato, C.; Hootman, T.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Until recently, large-scale, cost-effective net-zero energy buildings (NZEBs) were thought to lie decades in the future. However, ongoing work at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) indicates that NZEB status is both achievable and repeatable today. This paper presents a definition framework for classifying NZEBs and a real-life example that demonstrates how a large-scale office building can cost-effectively achieve net-zero energy. The vision of NZEBs is compelling. In theory, these highly energy-efficient buildings will produce, during a typical year, enough renewable energy to offset the energy they consume from the grid. The NREL NZEB definition framework classifies NZEBs according to the criteria being used to judge net-zero status and the way renewable energy is supplied to achieve that status. We use the new U.S. Department of Energy/NREL 220,000-ft{sub 2} Research Support Facilities (RSF) building to illustrate why a clear picture of NZEB definitions is important and how the framework provides a methodology for creating a cost-effective NZEB. The RSF, scheduled to open in June 2010, includes contractual commitments to deliver a Leadership in Energy Efficiency and Design (LEED) Platinum Rating, an energy use intensity of 25 kBtu/ft{sub 2} (half that of a typical LEED Platinum office building), and net-zero energy status. We will discuss the analysis method and cost tradeoffs that were performed throughout the design and build phases to meet these commitments and maintain construction costs at $259/ft{sub 2}. We will discuss ways to achieve large-scale, replicable NZEB performance. Many passive and renewable energy strategies are utilized, including full daylighting, high-performance lighting, natural ventilation through operable windows, thermal mass, transpired solar collectors, radiant heating and cooling, and workstation configurations allow for maximum daylighting.

  17. Appendix I3-1 to Wind HUI Initiative 1: AWST-WindNET-Phase 1 Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John Zack

    2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is an appendix to the Hawaii WindHUI efforts to develop and operationalize short-term wind forecasting and wind ramp event forecasting capabilities. The report summarizes the WindNET Phase 1 efforts on the Big Island of Hawaii and includes descriptions of modeling methodologies, use of field validation data, results and recommendations. The objective of the WindNET project was to investigate the improvement that could be obtained in short-term wind power forecasting for wind generation facilities operating on the island grids operated by Hawaiian Electric Companies through the use of atmospheric sensors deployed at targeted locations. WindNET is envisioned as a multiphase project that will address the short-term wind forecasting issues of all of the wind generation facilities on the all of the Hawaiian Electric Companies' island grid systems. The first phase of the WindNET effort (referred to as WindNET-1) was focused on the wind generation facilities on the Big Island of Hawaii. With complex terrain and marine environment, emphasis was on improving the 0 to 6 hour forecasts of wind power ramps and periods of wind variability, with a particular interest in the intra-hour (0-1 hour) look-ahead period. The WindNET project was built upon a foundation that was constructed with the results from a previously completed observation targeting study for the Big Island that was conducted as part of a project supported by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and interactions with the western utilities. The observational targeting study provided guidance on which variables to measure and at what locations to get the most improvement in forecast performance at a target forecast site. The recommendations of the observation targeting study were based on the application two techniques: (1) an objective method called ensemble sensitivity analysis (ESA) (Ancell and Hakim, 2007; Torn and Hakim, 2008; Zack et al, 2010); and (2) a subjective method based on a diagnostic analysis of large ramp events. The analysis was completed for both the wind farm on the southern tip of the Big Island and on the northern tip of the island. The WindNET project was designed to also deploy sensors to validate the Big Island observational targeting study and enhance operator's understanding of predominate causes of wind variability conditions at the wind facilities. Compromises had to be made with the results from the observation targeting study to accommodate project resource limitations, availability of suitable sites, and other factors. To focus efforts, field sensor deployment activities focused on the wind facility on the southern point of Big Island.

  18. FUZZY COLOURED PETRI NETS IN MODELLING FLEXIBLE MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS Daniel S. YEUNG*, James N.K. LIU, Simon C.K. SHIU, George S.K. FUNG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shiu, Chi Keung Simon

    of control and data manipulation, stability towards minor system changes, interactive simulation, formalFUZZY COLOURED PETRI NETS IN MODELLING FLEXIBLE MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS Daniel S. YEUNG*, James N (CPNs) have been widely used for modelling asynchronous discrete events exhibited in dynamic systems

  19. Extending the Zero-Safe approach to Coloured, Recon gurable and Dynamic Nets ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruni, Roberto

    Extending the Zero-Safe approach to Coloured, Recon#12;gurable and Dynamic Nets ? Roberto Bruni their execution). Starting from zero-safe nets | a well-studied extension of Place/Transition Petri nets | we show how the zero-safe approach can be smoothly applied to a hierarchy of nets of increasing

  20. SOLAR ICE CREAM: ACHIEVING NET-ZERO THROUGH AN INTEGRATED RETROFIT Sara Tepfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SOLAR ICE CREAM: ACHIEVING NET-ZERO THROUGH AN INTEGRATED RETROFIT APPROACH Sara Tepfer-3). One such strategy is Net-zero energy design (NetZED), which can be applied to new construction and to develop a net-zero retrofit for this establishment which integrates onsite renewable energy sources

  1. Exploiting Covariate Similarity in Sparse Regression via the Pairwise Elastic Net

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Low, Steven H.

    . Furthermore, un- like the Lasso, the Elastic Net can yield a sparse esti- mate with more than n non-zero477 Exploiting Covariate Similarity in Sparse Regression via the Pairwise Elastic Net Alexander to regression regulariza- tion called the Pairwise Elastic Net is pro- posed. Like the Elastic Net, it simultane

  2. Executing Transactions in Zero-Safe Nets ? Roberto Bruni and Ugo Montanari

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruni, Roberto

    Executing Transactions in Zero-Safe Nets ? Roberto Bruni and Ugo Montanari Dipartimento di in distributed systems by using zero-safe nets, which extend pt nets with a simple mechanism for transition synchronization. In particular, starting from the zero-safe net that represents a certain system, we give

  3. Exploiting Covariate Similarity in Sparse Regression via the Pairwise Elastic Net

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blei, David M.

    , the Elastic Net can yield a sparse esti- mate with more than n non-zero weights (Efron et al., 2004). One canExploiting Covariate Similarity in Sparse Regression via the Pairwise Elastic Net Alexander Lorbert- tion called the Pairwise Elastic Net is pro- posed. Like the Elastic Net, it simultane- ously performs

  4. Workflow Concerns and Workarounds of Readers in an Urban Safety Net Teleretinal Screening Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fish, Allison E

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    expanding uninsured and underinsured patient population, the United States relies on the health care safety net,

  5. Petri Nets and the Real World Ekkart Kindler and Frank Nillies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kindler, Ekkart

    . This allows us to control the plant directly by a Petri net (respectively by PNSim simulating the Petri net the simulation of tokens of the Petri net with these objects in the virtual 3D-world. In this paper, we take of the real world. This way, a Petri net can be used as a controller of some plant. In principle, this idea

  6. Modeling Physical Quantities in Industrial Systems using Fluid Stochastic Petri Nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gribaudo, Marco

    of a case study, in which the quantity to be regulated is a real fluid quantity: the fuel demand in a gas: Start Fuel Controller 2 Fluid Stochastic Petri Nets Fluid Stochastic Petri Nets are Petri net basedModeling Physical Quantities in Industrial Systems using Fluid Stochastic Petri Nets M. Gribaudo

  7. NET FEEDING IN MESOPELAGIC FISHES THOMAS L. HOPKINS AND RONALD C. BAIRD!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NET FEEDING IN MESOPELAGIC FISHES THOMAS L. HOPKINS AND RONALD C. BAIRD! ABSTRACT In an investigation of n'et feeding, 11 species of fish (5 gonostomatids, 6 myctophids) captured in a double-net Tucker trawl were examined. Stomach contents of fish retained by a coarse mesh "fish- catcher" in one net

  8. Comparison of acoustic and net sampling systems to determine patterns in zooplankton distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierce, Stephen

    Comparison of acoustic and net sampling systems to determine patterns in zooplankton distribution and with predicted volume backscatter calculated from a coincident net tow. Spatially and temporally coincident data)) and from a 1 m2 Multiple Opening Closing Net and Environmental Sensing System (MOCNESS). The combined net

  9. Effects of Suspended Particles on Net-Tending Behaviors for Hydropsyche sparna (Trichoptera: Hydropsychidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Notre Dame, University of

    BEHAVIOR Effects of Suspended Particles on Net-Tending Behaviors for Hydropsyche sparna to eliminate the confounding effects of ?ow on net-tending. Drift and mortalityrateswerealsomeasuredbutdidnotoccurintheexperimentalorcontrolpopulations.Four net-tending behaviors occurred that varied in the degree of ?lter net modi?cation. One

  10. the results MFV Kerrie Marie BM172 (New Net MK 1)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the results MFV Kerrie Marie BM172 (New Net MK 1) sea trials no4: ICES area VIIe Paul, the Skipper 2009 numbers of fish the nets the `new' net design (MK 1) used on the MFV Kerrie Marie The owner, skipper and crew of the Devon beam trawler `Kerrie Marie' have invested in new net designs and reduced

  11. Petri net based scheduling W.M.P. van der Aalst

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Aalst, Wil

    Petri net based scheduling W.M.P. van der Aalst Department of Mathematics and Computing Science 2474295, fax: -31 40 2463992, e-mail: wsinwa@win.tue.nl Abstract. Timed Petri nets can be used to model tasks, resources and constraints onto a timed Petri net. By mapping scheduling problems onto Petri nets

  12. Operational semantics for Petri Net components Jan Friso Groote and Marc Voorhoeve

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Groote, Jan Friso

    Operational semantics for Petri Net components Jan Friso Groote and Marc Voorhoeve Eindhoven.Voorhoeve@tue.nl Abstract We develop a theory for net components with labeled interface places and transitions. Nets, fusion and relabeling as operators. Net terms with the step firing rule are given a Plotkin-style SOS

  13. Towards Analysing a Class of Object Petri Nets Sea Ling and Heinz W. Schmidt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, Heinz

    Towards Analysing a Class of Object Petri Nets Sea Ling and Heinz W. Schmidt Department of Software,hwsg@sd.monash.edu.au Abstract The Petri net theory has been used to specify many types of systems, in particular, concurrent, distributed and non­ deterministic. A class of high­level, object­based Petri nets, OBJSA nets, is being used

  14. Submitted for publication to Acta Informatica. Reduction Rules for Time Petri Nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buy, Ugo A.

    Submitted for publication to Acta Informatica. Reduction Rules for Time Petri Nets Robert H. Sloan at Chicago Abstract In this paper, we extend several rules for the reduction of ordinary Petri nets to work with time Petri nets. We introduce a notion of equivalence among time Petri nets, and prove that our

  15. Comparison of Different Algorithms to Synthesize a Petri Net from a Partial Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desel, Jörg

    Comparison of Different Algorithms to Synthesize a Petri Net from a Partial Language Robin synthe- size a finite place/transition Petri net (p/t-net) from a finite set of labeled partial orders (a finite partial language). Either the synthesized p/t-net has exactly the non-sequential behavior

  16. Reticular Chemistry: Occurrence and Taxonomy of Nets and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yaghi, Omar M.

    Reticular Chemistry: Occurrence and Taxonomy of Nets and Grammar for the Design of Frameworks to deduce a system of classification "taxonomy" for interpreting and rational- izing known MOF structures

  17. ,"New Mexico Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"3292015 10:08:54 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New Mexico Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N5070NM2"...

  18. adaptive global net: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of contaminants discharged dispersion coefficient to be 70.1 ( 4.3 m2 s-1. Temporal evolution of the SF6 inventory indicates an average Ho, David 499 Building Bayes Nets with...

  19. additional net gain: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of contaminants discharged dispersion coefficient to be 70.1 ( 4.3 m2 s-1. Temporal evolution of the SF6 inventory indicates an average Ho, David 369 Building Bayes Nets with...

  20. October 16, 2012, Webinar: Net-Zero-Energy Communities

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This webinar was held October 16, 2012, and provided information on net-zero-energy communities in California and Hawaii. Download the presentations below, watch the webinar (WMV 159 MB), or view...

  1. Net Requirements Transparency Process for Slice/Block and Block...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3 As part of its Net Requirements Transparency process, on July 31, 2013 BPA published the SliceBlock and Block customers' FY2012 and forecast FY2014 Total Retail Load (TRL) and...

  2. Super-KMS functionals for graded-local conformal nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robin Hillier

    2014-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Motivated by a few preceding papers and a question of R. Longo, we introduce super-KMS functionals for graded translation-covariant nets over R with superderivations, roughly speaking as a certain supersymmetric modification of classical KMS states on translation-covariant nets over R, fundamental objects in chiral algebraic quantum field theory. Although we are able to make a few statements concerning their general structure, most properties will be studied in the setting of specific graded-local (super-) conformal models. In particular, we provide a constructive existence and partial uniqueness proof of super-KMS functionals for the supersymmetric free field, for certain subnets, and for the super-Virasoro net with central charge c>= 3/2. Moreover, as a separate result, we classify bounded super-KMS functionals for graded-local conformal nets over S^1 with respect to rotations.

  3. Sam, Booth, Targeting Net Zero DoD Project Review

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    TargeOng Net Zero DoD Project Review FUPWG Sam Booth NaOonal Renewable Energy Laboratory January 15 th , 2014 NREL is a naLonal laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office...

  4. ,"New York Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"2262015 9:16:55 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New York Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N5070NY2"...

  5. SAFIRE: A systems analysis code for ICF (inertial confinement fusion) reactor economics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McCarville, T.J.; Meier, W.R.; Carson, C.F.; Glasgow, B.B.

    1987-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The SAFIRE (Systems Analysis for ICF Reactor Economics) code incorporates analytical models for scaling the cost and performance of several inertial confinement fusion reactor concepts for electric power. The code allows us to vary design parameters (e.g., driver energy, chamber pulse rate, net electric power) and evaluate the resulting change in capital cost of power plant and the busbar cost of electricity. The SAFIRE code can be used to identify the most attractive operating space and to identify those design parameters with the greatest leverage for improving the economics of inertial confinement fusion electric power plants.

  6. Structural analysis of flexible proteins in solution by Small Angle X-ray Scattering combined with crystallography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsutakawa, Susan E.; Hura, Greg L.; Frankel, Ken A.; Cooper, Priscilla K.; Tainer, John A.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and V.N. Uversky, 2005. Flexible nets - The roles ofand T. Ellenberger, 2006. A flexible interface between DNAStructural analysis of flexible proteins in solution by

  7. Change Log

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Log NERSC-8 Trinity Benchmarks Change Log 09032013 Correction applied to MiniDFT web-page (to remove inconsistency with MiniDFT README). Capability Improvement measurements...

  8. Study Of Higher Moments Of Net-Electric Charge & Net-Proton Number Fluctuations In Pb+Pb Collisions At $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}$=2.76 TeV In ALICE At LHC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Behera, Nirbhay Kumar

    Lattice QCD predicts that at extreme temperature and energy density, QCD matter will undergo a phase transition from hadronic matter to partonic matter called as QGP. One of the fundamental goals of heavy ion collision experiments to map the QCD phase diagram as a function of temperature (T) and baryo-chemical potential ($\\mu_{B}$). There are many proposed experimental signatures of QGP and fluctuations study are regarded as sensitive tool for it. It is proposed that fluctuation of conserved quantities like net-charge and net-proton can be used to map the QCD phase diagram. The mean ($\\mu$), sigma ($\\sigma$), skewness (S) and kurtosis ($\\kappa$) of the distribution of net charge and net proton are believed to be sensitive probes in fluctuation analysis. It has been argued that critical phenomena are signaled with increase and divergence of correlation length. The dependence of $n^{th}$ order higher moments (cumulants, $c_{n}$) with the correlation length $\\xi$ is as $c_{n}\\sim\\xi^{2.5n-3}$. At LHC energy, the...

  9. Computer Literacy Skills of Net Generation Learners

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duke, Christopher

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Younger learners are widely considered to be technologically savvy and computer literate because of their lifelong exposure to ubiquitous technology. Educators often rely on that assumption to justify changes to institutional curricula, technology...

  10. Limiting net greenhouse gas emissions in the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bradley, R A; Watts, E C; Williams, E R [eds.] [eds.

    1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 2988 the Congress requested DOE produce a study on carbon dioxide inventory and policy to provide an inventory of emissions sources and to analyze policies to achieve a 20% reduction in carbon dioxide emissions in 5 to 10 years and a 50% reduction in 15 to 20 years. This report presents the results of that study. Energy and environmental technology data were analyzed using computational analysis models. This information was then evaluated, drawing on current scientific understanding of global climate change, the possible consequences of anthropogenic climate change (change caused by human activity), and the relationship between energy production and use and the emission of radiactively important gases. Topics discussed include: energy and environmental technology to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, fossil energy production and electricity generation technologies, nuclear energy technology, renewable energy technologies, energy storage, transmission, and distribution technology, transportation, technology, industrial technology, residential and commercial building technology, greenhouse gas removal technology, approaches to restructuring the demand for energy.

  11. Internalizing Climate ChangeScientific Resource Management and the Climate Change Challenges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dettinger, Michael D.; Culberson, Steven

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Council. 2001. Climate change sci- ence: an analysis of someNWT, Dracup JA. 2004. Climate change impacts uncertainty forVR, Kusler J. 2000. Climate change: Potential impacts and

  12. Economics of Lifecycle analysis and greenhouse gas regulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajagopal, Deepak

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    3.4 Food inventory and biofuels . . . . . . . . . 3.53 Economics of biofuels: Impact on food and 3.1Net welfare change due to biofuels under the three

  13. Debating Climate Change

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Malone, Elizabeth L.

    2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Debating Climate Change explores, both theoretically and empirically, how people argue about climate change and link to each other through various elements in their arguments. As science is a central issue in the debate, the arguments of scientists and the interpretations and responses of non-scientists are important aspects of the analysis. The book first assesses current thinking about the climate change debate and current participants in the debates surrounding the issue, as well as a brief history of various groups involvements. Chapters 2 and 3 distill and organize various ways of framing the climate change issue. Beginning in Chapter 4, a modified classical analysis of the elements carried in an argument is used to identify areas and degrees of disagreement and agreement. One hundred documents, drawn from a wide spectrum of sources, map the topic and debate space of the climate change issue. Five elements of each argument are distilled: the authority of the writer, the evidence presented, the formulation of the argument, the worldview presented, and the actions proposed. Then a social network analysis identifies elements of the arguments that point to potential agreements. Finally, the book suggests mechanisms by which participants in the debate can build more general agreements on elements of existing agreement.

  14. Limiting net greenhouse gas emissions in the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bradley, R A; Watts, E C; Williams, E R [eds.

    1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1988, Congress requested that DOE produce a study on carbon dioxide inventory and policy to provide an inventory of emissions sources and to analyze policies to achieve a 20% reduction in carbon dioxide emissions in 5 to 10 years and a 50% reduction in 15 to 20 years. Energy and environmental technology data were analyzed using computational analysis models. This information was then evaluated, drawing on current scientific understanding of global climate change, the possible consequences of anthropogenic climate change (change caused by human activity) and the relationship between energy production and use and the emission of radiatively important gases. Topics discussed include: state of the science in estimating atmosphere/climate change relationships, the potential consequences of atmosphere/climate change, us greenhouse emissions past and present, an approach to analyzing the technical potential and cost of reducing US energy-related greenhouse gas emissions, current policy base and National Energy Strategy actions, fiscal instruments, regulatory instruments, combined strategies and instruments, macroeconomic impacts, carbon taxation and international trade, a comparison to other studies.

  15. Changing Climates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and a wide range of academic areas are investigating the different compo- nents. More recently, they are taking information gleaned from the global climate models and applying them to research questions pertaining to Texas. Dr. Bruce Mc...Carl, Regents Professor of agricultural economics at Texas A&M University, has researched the economics of climate change for the last 20 years. McCarl, as a lead CHANGING CLIMATES tx H2O | pg. McCarl ] tx H2O | pg. 4 Changing Climates author...

  16. Ecosystem feedbacks to climate change in California: Development, testing, and analysis using a coupled regional atmosphere and land-surface model (WRF3-CLM3.5)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Subin, Z.M.; Riley, W.J.; Kueppers, L.M.; Jin, J.; Christianson, D.S.; Torn, M.S.

    2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A regional atmosphere model [Weather Research and Forecasting model version 3 (WRF3)] and a land surface model [Community Land Model, version 3.5 (CLM3.5)] were coupled to study the interactions between the atmosphere and possible future California land-cover changes. The impact was evaluated on California's climate of changes in natural vegetation under climate change and of intentional afforestation. The ability of WRF3 to simulate California's climate was assessed by comparing simulations by WRF3-CLM3.5 and WRF3-Noah to observations from 1982 to 1991. Using WRF3-CLM3.5, the authors performed six 13-yr experiments using historical and future large-scale climate boundary conditions from the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory Climate Model version 2.1 (GFDL CM2.1). The land-cover scenarios included historical and future natural vegetation from the Mapped Atmosphere-Plant-Soil System-Century 1 (MC1) dynamic vegetation model, in addition to a future 8-million-ha California afforestation scenario. Natural vegetation changes alone caused summer daily-mean 2-m air temperature changes of -0.7 to +1 C in regions without persistent snow cover, depending on the location and the type of vegetation change. Vegetation temperature changes were much larger than the 2-m air temperature changes because of the finescale spatial heterogeneity of the imposed vegetation change. Up to 30% of the magnitude of the summer daily-mean 2-m air temperature increase and 70% of the magnitude of the 1600 local time (LT) vegetation temperature increase projected under future climate change were attributable to the climate-driven shift in land cover. The authors projected that afforestation could cause local 0.2-1.2 C reductions in summer daily-mean 2-m air temperature and 2.0-3.7 C reductions in 1600 LT vegetation temperature for snow-free regions, primarily because of increased evapotranspiration. Because some of these temperature changes are of comparable magnitude to those projected under climate change this century, projections of climate and vegetation change in this region need to consider these climate-vegetation interactions.

  17. Non-Equilibrium Beta Processes in Neutron Stars: A Relationship between the Net Reaction Rate and the Total Emissivity of Neutrinos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sergio Flores-Tulian; Andreas Reisenegger

    2006-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Several different processes could be changing the density in the core of a neutron star, leading to a departure from $\\beta$ equilibrium, quantified by the chemical potential difference $\\delta\\mu\\equiv\\mu_n-\\mu_p-\\mu_e$. The evolution of this quantity is coupled to that of the star's interior temperature $T$ by two functions that quantify the rate at which neutrino-emitting reactions proceed: the net reaction rate (difference between $\\beta$ decay and capture rates), $\\Gamma_{\\rm net}(T,\\delta\\mu)$, and the total emissivity (total energy emission rate in the form of neutrinos and antineutrinos), $\\epsilon_{\\rm tot}(T,\\delta\\mu)$. Here, we present a simple and general relationship between these variables, ${\\partial\\epsilon_{\\rm tot}/\\partial\\delta\\mu=3\\Gamma_{\\rm net}}$, and show that it holds even in the case of superfluid nucleons. This relation may simplify the numerical calculation of these quantities, including superfluid reduction factors.

  18. Fast Verification of MLL Proof Nets via IMLL ANDRZEJ S. MURAWSKI and C.H. LUKE ONG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murawski, Andrzej

    Fast Verification of MLL Proof Nets via IMLL ANDRZEJ S. MURAWSKI and C.­H. LUKE ONG Oxford University Computing Laboratory We consider the following decision problems: ProofNet : Is a given multiplicative linear logic (MLL) proof structure a proof net? EssNet : Is a given essential net (of

  19. Synthesis of Petri Nets from Infinite Partial Languages Robin Bergenthum, Jorg Desel, Robert Lorenz and Sebastian Mauser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desel, Jörg

    Synthesis of Petri Nets from Infinite Partial Languages Robin Bergenthum, J¨org Desel, Robert an algorithm to synthesize a finite unlabeled place/transition Petri net (p/t-net) from a possibly infinite on the theory of regions for partial languages presented in [18] and pro- duces a p/t-net having minimal net

  20. Improving the probability of effective organizational change in the Coast Guard through the combined use of System Dynamics and Enterprise Value Stream Mapping & Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnston, Michael J., S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Most major organizational changes never reap the benefits the original planners envisioned, they often take longer to implement than expected and in a dynamic environment that can spell disaster for a large enterprise. The ...

  1. A Framework for Analysis of the Uncertainty of Socioeconomic Growth and Climate Change on the Risk of Water Stress: a Case Study in Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fant, C.

    The sustainability of future water resources is of paramount importance and is affected by many factors, including population, wealth and climate. Inherent in how these factors change in the future is the uncertainty of ...

  2. Feasibility of Achieving a Zero-Net-Energy, Zero-Net-Cost Homes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Beaini, S.; Borgeson, S.; Coffery, B.; Gregory, D.; Konis, K.; Scown, C.; Simjanovic, J.; Stanley, J.; Strogen, B.; Walker, I.

    2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A green building competition, to be known as the Energy Free Home Challenge (EFHC), is scheduled to be opened to teams around the world in 2010. This competition will encourage both design innovation and cost reduction, by requiring design entries to meet 'zero net energy' and 'zero net cost' criteria. For the purposes of this competition, a 'zero net energy' home produces at least as much energy as it purchases over the course of a year, regardless of the time and form of the energy (e.g., electricity, heat, or fuel) consumed or produced. A 'zero net cost' home is no more expensive than a traditional home of comparable size and comfort, when evaluated over the course of a 30-year mortgage. In other words, the 'green premium' must have a payback period less than 30 years, based on the value of energy saved. The overarching goal of the competition is to develop affordable, high-performance homes that can be mass-produced at a large scale, and are able to meet occupant needs in harsh climates (as can be found where the competition will be held in Illinois). This report outlines the goals of the competition, and gauges their feasibility using both modeling results and published data. To ensure that the established rules are challenging, yet reasonable, this report seeks to refine the competition goals after exploring their feasibility through case studies, cost projections, and energy modeling. The authors of this report conducted a survey of the most progressive home energy-efficiency practices expected to appear in competition design submittals. In Appendix A, a summary can be found of recent projects throughout the United States, Canada, Germany, Switzerland, Sweden and Japan, where some of the most progressive technologies have been implemented. As with past energy efficient home projects, EFHC competitors will incorporate a multitude of energy efficiency measures into their home designs. The authors believe that the cost of electricity generated by home generation technologies will continue to exceed the price of US grid electricity in almost all locations. Strategies to minimize whole-house energy demand generally involve some combination of the following measures: optimization of surface (area) to volume ratio; optimization of solar orientation; reduction of envelope loads; systems-based engineering of high efficiency HVAC components, and on-site power generation. A 'Base Case' home energy model was constructed, to enable the team to quantitatively evaluate the merits of various home energy efficiency measures. This Base Case home was designed to have an energy use profile typical of most newly constructed homes in the Champaign-Urbana, Illinois area, where the competition is scheduled to be held. The model was created with the EnergyGauge USA software package, a front-end for the DOE-2 building energy simulation tool; the home is a 2,000 square foot, two-story building with an unconditioned basement, gas heating, a gas hot-water heater, and a family of four. The model specifies the most significant details of a home that can impact its energy use, including location, insulation values, air leakage, heating/cooling systems, lighting, major appliances, hot water use, and other plug loads. EFHC contestants and judges should pay special attention to the Base Case model's defined 'service characteristics' of home amenities such as lighting and appliances. For example, a typical home refrigerator is assumed to have a built-in freezer, automatic (not manual) defrost, and an interior volume of 26 cubic feet. The Base Case home model is described in more detail in Section IV and Appendix B.

  3. Aridification determines changes in forest growth in Pinus halepensis forests under semiarid Mediterranean climate conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gracia, Carlos

    NDVI Leaf area index Landsat Climatic change Potential evapotranspiration Climatic trends Mediterranean Mediterranean climate conditions Sergio M. Vicente-Serrano a, *, Teodoro Lasanta a , Carlos Gracia b a Instituto to climate variability and change. At a global scale, net primary production of forests increased 6

  4. A model for net-baryon rapidity distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Alvarez-Muiz; R. Conceio; J. Dias de Deus; M. C. Esprito Santo; J. G. Milhano; M. Pimenta

    2009-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

    In nuclear collisions, a sizable fraction of the available energy is carried away by baryons. As the baryon number is conserved, the net-baryon $B-\\bar{B}$ retains information on the energy-momentum carried by the incoming nuclei. A simple and consistent model for net-baryon production in high energy proton-proton and nucleus-nucleus collisions is presented. The basic ingredients of the model are valence string formation based on standard PDFs with QCD evolution and string fragmentation via the Schwinger mechanism. The results of the model are presented and compared with data at different centre-of-mass energies and centralities, as well as with existing models. These results show that a good description of the main features of net-baryon data is possible in the framework of a simplistic model, with the advantage of making the fundamental production mechanisms manifest.

  5. Reservoir environment of the Onuma geothermal power plant, northeast Japan, estimated by forward analysis of long-term artificial-tracer concentration change, using single-box-model simulator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shigeno, Hiroshi; Takahashi, Masaaki; Tetsuro, Noda

    1993-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

    A single-box-model numerical simulator for personal computer analysis was developed in order to estimate macroscopic parameter values for exploited geothermal reservoirs and essential fluids coming from the depth. The simulator was designed to compute history data concerning total production and reinjection fluids at geothermal power plants from the assumed parameter values, based on conservation laws for water mass, heat energy and masses of conservative chemical constituents of geothermal fluids. Using two kinds of forward analysis techniques, i.e. the cast-net and pursuit methods, programs containing the simulator can semiautomatically select the optimum combination of the unknown parameter values by minimizing the differences between the simulated and measured history data for specific enthalpy and chemical compositions of the production fluids. The forward analysis programs were applied to the history data from the Onuma geothermal power plant (production capacity, 10MWe) where waste hot water reinjection, chemical monitoring and artificial tracer tests have been conducted since 1970, almost the beginning of the geothermal exploitation. Using the history data, enthalpy and iodine concentrations of the total production fluids with the amounts of KI tracer injected as spikes, the macroscopic parameter values for the exploited reservoir and the essential hot water from the depth were uniquely determined as follows: mass of the hot water convecting in the exploited reservoir (M0), 3.23x109kg; recycling fraction of the reinjected waste hot water to the reservoir (R), 0.74; specific enthalpy of the essential water from the depth (H1), 385kcalkg; iodine concentration of the water (I1), 0.086mg/kg with chlorine concentration (C1), 259mg/kg. These results support the conceptual model that the exploited Onuma reservoir mainly in the Tertiary volcanics is supplied with the neutral Na-Cl type hot water of abnormally high B/CI mole ratio of around 1.0 by a large essential reservoir distributed at depth in the Paleozoic to Mesozoic detrital marine sedimentary rocks.

  6. Demand response compensation, net Benefits and cost allocation: comments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hogan, William W.

    2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    FERC's Supplemental Notice of Public Rulemaking addresses the question of proper compensation for demand response in organized wholesale electricity markets. Assuming that the Commission would proceed with the proposal ''to require tariff provisions allowing demand response resources to participate in wholesale energy markets by reducing consumption of electricity from expected levels in response to price signals, to pay those demand response resources, in all hours, the market price of energy for such reductions,'' the Commission posed questions about applying a net benefits test and rules for cost allocation. This article summarizes critical points and poses implications for the issues of net benefit tests and cost allocation. (author)

  7. Targeting Net Zero Energy at Fort Carson: Assessment and Recommendations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, K.; Markel, T.; Simpson, M.; Leahey, J.; Rockenbaugh, C.; Lisell, L.; Burman, K.; Singer, M.

    2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Army's Fort Carson installation was selected to serve as a prototype for net zero energy assessment and planning. NREL performed the comprehensive assessment to appraise the potential of Fort Carson to achieve net zero energy status through energy efficiency, renewable energy, and electric vehicle integration. This report summarizes the results of the assessment and provides energy recommendations. This study is part of a larger cross-laboratory effort that also includes an assessment of renewable opportunities at seven other DoD Front Range installations, a microgrid design for Fort Carson critical loads and an assessment of regulatory and market-based barriers to a regional secure smart grid.

  8. Exploring ENRON Email with NetLens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Golbeck, Jennifer

    (Low medium high) #12;Multiple email search capabilities 1- Keyword Search Here a search on "California list" (with Doug Oard's team) #12;Social network analysis: - Number of neighbors - Connectance Summaries -List of emails in same thread -Access to thread -Access to thread summary With Bonnie Dorr

  9. Net-proton measurements at RHIC and the QCD phase diagram

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bedangadas Mohanty

    2014-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Two measurements related to the proton and anti-proton production near midrapidity in center of mass energies of 7.7, 11.5, 19.6, 27, 39, 62.4 and 200 GeV Au+Au collisions using the STAR detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) are discussed. At intermediate impact parameters the slope parameter of the directed flow versus rapidity (dv1/dy) for the net-protons shows a non-monotonic variation as a function of the beam energy. This non-monotonic variation is characterized by the presence of a minimum in dv1/dy between 11.5 and 19.6 GeV and a change in the sign of dv1/dy twice between 7.7 and 39 GeV. At small impact parameters the product of the moments of net-proton distribution, kurtosis x variance and skewness x standard deviation are observed to be significantly below the corresponding measurements at large impact parameter collisions for 19.6 and 27 GeV. The kurtosis x variance and skewness x standard deviation at these beam energies deviate from the expectations from Poisson statistics and that from a Hadron Resonance Gas model. Both these measurements have implications towards the understanding of the QCD phase structures, the first order phase transition and the critical point in the high baryonic chemical potential region of the phase diagram.

  10. North America's net terrestrial carbon exchange with the atmosphere 1990-2009

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    King, Anthony W.; Andres, Robert; Davis, Kenneth J.; Hafer, M.; Hayes, Daniel J.; Huntzinger, Deborah N.; de Jong, Bernardus; Kurz, Werner; McGuire, A. David; Vargas, Rodrigo; Wei, Yaxing; West, Tristram O.; Woodall, Chris W.

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Scientific understanding of the global carbon cycle is required for developing national and international policy to mitigate fossil-fuel CO2 emissions by managing terrestrial carbon uptake. Toward that understanding and as a contribution to the REgional Carbon Cycle Assessment and Processes (RECCAP) project, this paper provides a synthesis of net land-atmosphere CO2 exchange for North America over the period (1990-2009). This synthesis is based on results from three different methods: atmospheric inversion, inventory-based methods and terrestrial biosphere modeling. All methods indicate that the North America land surface was a sink for atmospheric CO2, with a net transfer from atmosphere to land. Estimates ranged from -890 to -280 Tg C yr-1, where the atmospheric inversion estimate forms the lower bound of that range (a larger land-sink) and the inventory-based estimate the upper (a smaller land sink). Integrating across estimates, a best estimates (i.e., measures of central tendency) are -472 281 Tg C yr-1 based on the mean and standard deviation of the distribution and -360 Tg C yr-1 (with an interquartile range of -496 to -337) based on the median. Considering both the fossil-fuel emissions source and the land sink, our analysis shows that North America was, however, a net contributor to the growth of CO2 in the atmosphere in the late 20th and early 21st century. The continents CO2 source to sink ratio for this time period was likely in the range of 4:1 to 3:1.

  11. Microsoft PowerPoint - 06 Crawley Drive for Net Zero Energy Commercial...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    6 Crawley Drive for Net Zero Energy Commercial Buildings Microsoft PowerPoint - 06 Crawley Drive for Net Zero Energy Commercial Buildings Microsoft PowerPoint - 06 Crawley Drive...

  12. NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL GLERL-85 COVARIANCE PROPERTIES OF ANNUAL NET BASIN SUPPLIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL GLERL-85 COVARIANCE PROPERTIES OF ANNUAL NET BASIN SUPPLIES ........................................................................................................ 2 2.2 Net Basin Supplies . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Table lb.--Lag-Zero Cross Covariances and Cross Correlations Among Great Lakes Annual Connecting

  13. Kaupuni Village: A closer look at the first net-zero energy affordable...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Kaupuni Village: A closer look at the first net-zero energy affordable housing community in Hawaii Kaupuni Village: A closer look at the first net-zero energy affordable housing...

  14. Taxonomy of periodic nets and the design of materials Olaf Delgado-Friedrichs,a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yaghi, Omar M.

    Taxonomy of periodic nets and the design of materials Olaf Delgado-Friedrichs,a Michael O classification (taxonomy) of polyhedra and periodic nets that is appropriate for identifying the structures

  15. Reasoning about the ERK signal transduction pathway using BioSigNetRR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shankland, Carron

    Reasoning about the ERK signal transduction pathway using BioSigNetRR Carron Shankland a , Nam network (the ERK pathway of [CSK + 03]) using the declarative language of the tool BioSigNetRR [BCT + 04

  16. Continental-scale net radiation and evapotranspiration estimated using MODIS satellite observations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jin, Yufang; Randerson, James T.; Goulden, Michael L.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1151. Priestley, C. H. , & Taylor, R. J. (1972). Assessment6 Mean ET, R net , PriestleyTaylor ?, and precipitation andbetween ET, R net , the PriestleyTaylor ? coef?cient, and

  17. FOAMSearch.net: A custom search engine for emergency medicine and critical care

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    racy of a point of care web-based knowledge resource forFOAMSearch.net. A list of web- sites that include bothlist is available on the web- site (http://FOAMSearch.net/

  18. Total chips Black chips Blue chips Net Values negative positive 1 8 ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    User

    2011-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Math 13700. Net value of Positive and Negative Chips. Lesson 28. Total chips Black chips Blue chips Net Values negative positive. 1. 8. 29. 2. 42. 26. 3. 14. +8.

  19. SPATIAL AND TEMPORAL VARIABILITY OF NET ACCUMULATION FROM SHALLOW CORES FROM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, John

    SPATIAL AND TEMPORAL VARIABILITY OF NET ACCUMULATION FROM SHALLOW CORES FROM VESTFONNA ICE CAP variability of net accumulation from shallow cores from Vestfonna ice cap (Nordaustlandet, Svalbard. We analyse ice cores from Vestfonna ice cap (Nordaustlandet, Svalbard). Oxygen isoto- pic

  20. V-002: EMC NetWorker Module for Microsoft Applications Lets Remote...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    2: EMC NetWorker Module for Microsoft Applications Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code and Local Users Obtain Passwords V-002: EMC NetWorker Module for Microsoft Applications...

  1. Optimal Technology Investment and Operation in Zero-Net-Energy Buildings with Demand Response

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadler, Michael

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Net- Energy Buildings with Demand Response Michael Stadler,Net-Energy Buildings with Demand Response 1 Michael Stadlerbuilding simulation tools, e.g. , EnergyPlus, require specification of the demand response

  2. Essays on climate change, energy, and independence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Comerford, David

    2013-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis contains three separate papers. A balance of questions: what can we ask of climate change economics? is a critical analysis of the economics of climate change literature. It concludes that much more research ...

  3. Switching Activity Analysis and Pre-Layout Activity Prediction for FPGAs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Najm, Farid N.

    activity on a net changes when delays are zero (zero delay activity) versus when logic delays values. Our approach is novel in that it estimates each net's routed delay activity using only zero activity). Low-power synthesis and early power esti- mation are typically done on the basis of zero delay

  4. Switching Activity Analysis and PreLayout Activity Prediction for FPGAs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Najm, Farid N.

    activity on a net changes when delays are zero (zero delay activity) versus when logic delays values. Our approach is novel in that it estimates each net's routed delay activity using only zero activity). Lowpower synthesis and early power esti mation are typically done on the basis of zero delay

  5. Net Metering Resources | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy ChinaofSchaeferAprilOverview | Department of1-93 July 1993 Change09 26

  6. A new GIS toolbox for integrating massive heterogeneous GIS data for land use change analysis A new GIS toolbox for integrating

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kbben, Barend

    to the driving forces influencing the usage of agricultural land, while land use must suit the natural conditions.laggner@ti.bund.de Abstract Agricultural land use in Germany and related im- pacts on the environment and the use of natural and land use changes are re- lated to environmental impacts like groundwater pollution, greenhouse gas

  7. Jonestown Quadruple Net Value Report- Lake Boys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheek, Joseph; Davis, Zachary; Guerra, Daniel; McIntyre, Scott; Bishop, William; Hoff, Austin; Hernandez, Alex; Stewart, Sean; Kulka, William; Whitis, Dillon

    2014-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

    organizations out there for their people learned about them. d. Smart growth recognition or certification Research (including source): After talking to representatives of the City of Jonestown and looking at their website, the city of Jonestown does... not have a Smart growth recognition or certification. Analysis: No information available at this moment. Conclusions: The City of Jonestown should do a big push to achieve smart growth recognition. C. Air Quality Impact a. Total carbon...

  8. Control of Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Optimal DER Technology Investment and Energy Management in Zero-Net-Energy Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadler, Michael

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Deru, D. Crawley (2006), Zero Energy Buildings: A Criticaland Energy Management in Zero-Net-Energy Buildings Michaeland Energy Management in Zero-Net-Energy Buildings 1 Michael

  9. New Research Further Strengthens Evidence of the Benefits of the Health Care Safety Net

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dow, William H.; Roby, Dylan H. `; Kominski, Gerald; Jacobs, Ken

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    expanding ISSUE BRIEF New Research Further Strengthens Evidence of the Benefits of the Health Care Safety Net

  10. Comparison of Hybrid Systems and Fluid Stochastic Petri Nets \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tuffin, Bruno

    Comparison of Hybrid Systems and Fluid Stochastic Petri Nets \\Lambda Bruno Tuffin , Dong S. Chen Engineering Duke University, Durham, NC 277080291, U.S.A. Abstract. Hybrid Systems are models of interacting digital and continuous devices with applications in the control of aircraft, computers, or modern cars

  11. Generalised elastic nets Miguel A. Carreira-Perpi~nan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carreira-Perpiñán, Miguel Á.

    for combinatorial optimisation and has been applied, among other problems, to biological modelling. It has an energy the elastic net model to an arbitrary quadratic tension term, e.g. derived from a discretised differential, and show that the model is sensitive to the choice of finite difference scheme that represents

  12. MFRPAPER1117 Net-Pen Culture of Pacific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in Puget Sound, Wash., in 1969 with small (2.7 m:l) net en- closures. The rapId growth and reasonable-pen culture is being practiced in Puget Sound waters for two purposes: (1) the commercia l production of pan.-Puget Sound , Wash. This inland arm of the Pacific Ocean is the site of major activi- ties

  13. www.bitmix.co.ui .NET DEVELOPMENT LEAD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kasparian, Azniv

    iCt www.bitmix.co.ui .NET DEVELOPMENT LEAD We are looking for motivated, positive team players. Responsibilities: - Lead development of an innovative set of services and tools in the mobile space; - Be ready to lead on all angles, including people, process, and technology; - Get the best from a true team

  14. Estimation of Parameters in Carbon Sequestration Models from Net Ecosystem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Luther

    Estimation of Parameters in Carbon Sequestration Models from Net Ecosystem Exchange Data Luther in the context of a deterministic com- partmental carbon sequestration system. Sensitivity and approximation usefulness in the estimation of parameters within a compartmental carbon sequestration model. Previously we

  15. Using GeoWordNet for Geographical Information Retrieval

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosso, Paolo

    - ambiguated and assigned their coordinates on the world map. Documents are first searched for by means of a term-based search method, and then re-ranked according to the geographical information. The results knowledge at keyword level in the Lucene1 search engine, focusing on the use of the WordNet [3] ontology

  16. ASTROMETRY.NET: BLIND ASTROMETRIC CALIBRATION OF ARBITRARY ASTRONOMICAL IMAGES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masci, Frank

    ASTROMETRY.NET: BLIND ASTROMETRIC CALIBRATION OF ARBITRARY ASTRONOMICAL IMAGES This article has CALIBRATION OF ARBITRARY ASTRONOMICAL IMAGES Dustin Lang1,2,7 , David W. Hogg3,4 , Keir Mierle1,5 , Michael Blanton3 , and Sam Roweis1,5,6 1 Department of Computer Science, University of Toronto, 6 King's College

  17. Transformation Nets -A Runtime Model for Transformation Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hochreiter, Sepp

    as first-class arti- facts throughout the software lifecycle requiring the availability of proper of Software Technology and Interactive Systems Vienna University of Technology Favoritenstrae 9)--called Transformation Nets--for the development, execution and debugging of model transformations on a high level

  18. Predicting Software Defects in Varying Development Lifecycles using Bayesian Nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fenton, Norman

    Predicting Software Defects in Varying Development Lifecycles using Bayesian Nets Norman Fenton, this has required a custom- built BN for each software development lifecycle. We describe a more general BN software development lifecycle to reflect both the differing number of testing stages in the lifecycle

  19. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Quantification of net primary production of Chinese

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Tonglin

    Abstract Net primary production (NPP) of terrestrial ecosystems provides food, fiber, construction to rising population and biofuel uses. Assessing national forest NPP is of importance to best use forest resources in China. To date, most estimates of NPP are based on process-based ecosystem modeling, forestry

  20. Process Efficiency Measurements in the Laser Engineered Net Shaping Process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DuPont, John N.

    Process Efficiency Measurements in the Laser Engineered Net Shaping Process R.R. UNOCIC and J.N. DuPONT A study of laser energy transfer efficiency, melting efficiency, and deposition efficiency has been material. Measurements revealed that laser energy transfer efficiency ranged from 30 to 50 pct. Laser beam

  1. abundance bed net: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    abundance bed net First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Open Access Impact of...

  2. Commons as insurance: safety nets or poverty traps? Philippe Delacote

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langerhans, Brian

    Commons as insurance: safety nets or poverty traps? Philippe Delacote Economics Department, EUI. The aim of this paper is to consider the potential poverty-trap implications of this use. If the capacity, the introduction of an insurance scheme could be an exit to the poverty trap and relax pressure on the resource

  3. Continuous flow Systems and Control Methodology Using Hybrid Petri nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    modeling tool of positive systems, while Hybrid Automata are a powerful tool giving formally the reachable is based on the control of a hybrid system modelled by a D-elementary hybrid Petri Net. The control is maximally permissive. 1. INTRODUCTION Modelling and control of physical systems are crucial issues

  4. Ladder Metamodeling & PLC Program Validation through Time Petri Nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Ladder Metamodeling & PLC Program Validation through Time Petri Nets Darlam Fabio Bender1,2, Benoît for Programmable Logical Controllers (PLCs). A PLC is a special purpose industrial computer used to automate the sequential, state-dependent logic in- herent in the program design [1]. Not found bugs in PLC programs

  5. Datacenter Net Profit Optimization with Deadline Dependent Pricing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisher, Kathleen

    Datacenter Net Profit Optimization with Deadline Dependent Pricing Wei Wang1, Peng Zhang1, Tian Lan - Research, Florham Park, NJ 07932, USA Abstract--This paper considers deadline dependent pricing and its decisions. Lever- aging a new approximation method for job completion time, we develop two low

  6. Towards Discovering Data Center Genome Using Sensor Nets Microsoft Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amir, Yair

    en- ergy consumption. Improving data center energy efficiency is a pressing issue with significant operators lack sufficient visibility into how heat is generated, distributed, and exchanged in data centersTowards Discovering Data Center Genome Using Sensor Nets Jie Liu Microsoft Research One Microsoft

  7. Diverse neural net solutions to a fault diagnosis problem \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharkey, Amanda

    Abstract The development of a neural net system for fault diagnosis in a mar­ ine diesel engine system solution to a problem of fault diagnosis in a four­stroke marine diesel engine; that of early to recognise faults in simulated data from a diesel engine; specifically to classify combustion condition

  8. The Net Environmental Effects of Carbon Dioxide Reduction Policies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of policy measures have been proposed to reduce the emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2). However, policies which reduce CO2 emissions will also decrease the emissions of greenhouse-relevant gases methane are overlooked the net effect of CO2 reduction policies on global warming is understated. Thus, emissions of all

  9. Scaling the NetFPGA switch using Aurora over SATA Ajithkumar Thamarakuzhi, John A. Chandy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chandy, John A.

    Scaling the NetFPGA switch using Aurora over SATA Ajithkumar Thamarakuzhi, John A. Chandy two NetFPGA boards which are interconnected by SATA cables. We use the Xilinx Aurora protocolFPGA, SATA, Aurora 1. INTRODUCTION The NetFPGA platform helps researchers, teachers and stu- dents

  10. innovati nNREL Furthers U.S. Marine Corps Air Station Miramar's Move Toward Net

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    innovati nNREL Furthers U.S. Marine Corps Air Station Miramar's Move Toward Net Zero Energy The U.S. Marine Corps Air Station (MCAS) Miramar is striving toward its goal of becoming a"net zero energy"to which the net zero goal would apply. The NZEI concept focuses on the use of local clean energy resources

  11. Dynamics of Airfoil Separation Control Using Zero-Net Mass-Flux Forcing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mittal, Rajat

    Dynamics of Airfoil Separation Control Using Zero-Net Mass-Flux Forcing Reni Raju and Rajat Mittal, Gainesville, Florida 32611 DOI: 10.2514/1.37147 Zero-net mass-flux jet based control of flow separation over using zero-net mass-flux actuation can either control/delay boundary layer separation or lead to global

  12. The Net Zero Energy Residential Test Facility, located at the National Institute of Standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Purpose The Net Zero Energy Residential Test Facility, located at the National Institute of measurement science needed to achieve net- zero energy residential homes. The facility will initially be used's Office of Facilities and Property Management. Net-Zero Energy Residential Test Facility Unique

  13. FY 2013 EL Program Description EL Program: Net-Zero Energy, High-Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magee, Joseph W.

    FY 2013 EL Program Description EL Program: Net-Zero Energy, High-Performance Buildings the measurement science to move the nation towards net-zero energy, high- performance buildings in a cost of net- zero operation by 1) reducing heating and cooling loads within the building, 2) developing

  14. Thesis: Modeling and Evaluation of the NIST Net Zero Energy Residential Test Facility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    Thesis: Modeling and Evaluation of the NIST Net Zero Energy Residential Test Facility Liz Balke M;Motivation The residential sector consumes over 20% of the total energy use in the U.S. Net zero energy in building net zero energy houses grows, there is an increased interest in research into optimal residential

  15. Seattle Regulatory Pathways to Net Zero Water Phase 1 status RePoRt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seattle Regulatory Pathways to Net Zero Water Phase 1 status RePoRt prepared for: City of seattle these and other efforts, there remain a number of obstacles for seattle projects that seek net zero water goals at multiple jurisdictional scales to establish policies and pathways for seattle-based projects pursing net

  16. Simple Models of Zero-Net Mass-Flux Jets for Flow Control Simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mittal, Rajat

    Simple Models of Zero-Net Mass-Flux Jets for Flow Control Simulations Reni Raju Dynaflow Inc for modeling the dynamics of zero- net mass-flux (ZNMF) actuators, the computational costs associated-flow model. 1. INTRODUCTION Zero-net mass-flux (ZNMF) actuators or "synthetic jets" have potential

  17. KAUPUNI VILLAGE: A closer look at the first net-zero energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    KAUPUNI VILLAGE: A closer look at the first net-zero energy affordable housing community in Hawai--the first net-zero energy affordable housing community in the state. It has achieved the U.S. Green Building are built to be net-zero energy, but that the entire community was envisioned as a fully self

  18. Polarization of metallic carbon nanotubes from a model that includes both net charges and dipoles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mayer, Alexandre

    computational resources. This time issue is especially important in molecular dynamic simulations, in which both a net electric charge and a dipole. Considering net charges in addition to the dipoles enables one by associating with each atom both a net electric charge and a dipole. From a physical point of view, consid

  19. Planar and Braided ProofNets for Multiplicative Linear Logic with Mix

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bellin, Gianluigi

    in his thesis [8]. There are both logical and geometrical reasons to consider the rule of Mix ` \\GammaPlanar and Braided Proof­Nets for Multiplicative Linear Logic with Mix G. Bellin \\Lambda A of the data. Braided proof­ nets are proof­nets for multiplicative linear logic with Mix embedded in R 3

  20. The Effects of Urbanization on Net Primary Productivity in Southeastern China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montana, University of

    , an expanding urban footprint on the landscape, and a growing take-out rate of net primary productivity (NPPThe Effects of Urbanization on Net Primary Productivity in Southeastern China Dengsheng Lu Abstract Net primary productivity (NPP) is one of the major ecosystem products on which human societies

  1. Tracing Genealogical Data with TimeNets Nam Wook Kim, Stuart K. Card, Jeffrey Heer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heer, Jeffrey

    Tracing Genealogical Data with TimeNets Nam Wook Kim, Stuart K. Card, Jeffrey Heer Computer ScienceNets, a new visualization technique for ge- nealogical data. Most genealogical diagrams prioritize the display Interfaces Keywords: Visualization, genealogy, timelines, TimeNets INTRODUCTION The combination of networking

  2. Net Energy Costs of Skylights Peter Kleinhenz, Rizwan Syed, and Kelly Kissock,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kissock, Kelly

    Net Energy Costs of Skylights Peter Kleinhenz, Rizwan Syed, and Kelly Kissock, University of Dayton, it is also useful to consider the net energy costs associated with skylights. This paper describes a methodology for calculating net energy savings from skylights as a function of skylight area, the required

  3. NAO influence on net sea ice production and exchanges in the Arctic region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Aixue

    NAO influence on net sea ice production and exchanges in the Arctic region Aixue Hu National Center of the net sea ice production and the sea ice exchanges between the Arctic and its adjacent seas are studied) is the major factor controlling the net sea ice production in the Arctic region since a thinning ice cover

  4. NAO influence on net sea ice production and exchanges in the Arctic region: a numerical study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Aixue

    NAO influence on net sea ice production and exchanges in the Arctic region: a numerical study Aixue The variability of net sea ice production and sea ice exchange between the Arctic and its adjacent seas export) is the major factor controlling the net sea ice production in the Arctic region since a thinning

  5. Net production of oxygen in the subtropical ocean Stephen C. Riser1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riser, Stephen C.

    LETTERS Net production of oxygen in the subtropical ocean Stephen C. Riser1 & Kenneth S. Johnson2% of the global ocean surface area, are net producers or consumers of oxygen and fixed carbon is a key uncertainty in the global carbon cycle1,2 . Direct measurements in bottle experiments indicate net oxygen con- sumption

  6. SHORT COMMUNICATION Assignment of the Norepinephrine Transporter Protein (NET1) Locus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kidd, Kenneth

    SHORT COMMUNICATION Assignment of the Norepinephrine Transporter Protein (NET1) Locus to Chromosome; revisedJuly 19, 1993 The norepinephrine transporter protein (NET) is the presynaptic reuptake site assignment to chromo- some 16. We then typed a genetic polymorphism at the NET1 locus in three large

  7. FLUCTUATION IN TRAP-NET CATCHES IN THE UPPER MISSISSIPPI RIVER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FLUCTUATION IN TRAP-NET CATCHES IN THE UPPER MISSISSIPPI RIVER if; Marine Biological LabofdiuryKay, Secretary Fish and Wildlife Service, Albert M. Day, Director FLUCTUATION IN TRAP NET CATCHES IN THE UPPER Gear used 3 Methods 5 Statistical considerations 5 Season trends in catch of trap nets 6 Black crappie

  8. Research Paper j Using Petri Net Tools to Study Properties and Dynamics of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubin, Daniel L.

    Research Paper j Using Petri Net Tools to Study Properties and Dynamics of Biological Systems MOR PELEG, PHD, DANIEL RUBIN, MD, MSC, RUSS B. ALTMAN, MD, PHD A b s t r a c t Petri Nets (PNs concurrent dynamic systems is Petri Nets (PNs).1 An advantage of PNs is that they can represent system

  9. HEALTH NET PHARMACY BENEFITS Plan codes WEE and 21B (HMO)1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mullins, Dyche

    HEALTH NET PHARMACY BENEFITS Plan codes WEE and 21B (HMO)1 Plan codes WQQ and 22B (EOA)1 The following is a brief description of your Health Net Pharmacy benefits. PRESCRIPTIONS BY MAIL If your / $70 level III. For complete information, log on as a Health Net member at www.healthnet.com > View

  10. Master Gardener Advisory Committee Members Ed Thralls Advisor Extension Agent ed.thralls@ocfl.net

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jawitz, James W.

    Master Gardener Advisory Committee Members 2014 Ed Thralls Advisor Extension Agent ed.thralls@ocfl.net@me.com Pam Paisley Member Master Gardener pppaisley@earthlink.net Dailey Smith Member Master Gardener pirate45@gmail.com Regina Dunay Member Master Gardener dunayr@earthlink.net Jennifer Helvenston Member

  11. Project ID: 35011 Title: The Floating Net Pen Transportation System Pilot Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Project ID: 35011 Title: The Floating Net Pen Transportation System Pilot Project Sponsor: Columbia sufficient. The proposal does not specify what benefits might be expected from use of net pens relative raceways or other sources to the net pens is discussed in the proposal. The reviewers are aware

  12. THE NET NIGHTS GUIDE How to Create a Career Networking Event in Your Region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    THE NET NIGHTS GUIDE How to Create a Career Networking Event in Your Region Alumni Council in your regional association. It describes a programming template called "Net Nights" that was originally your region is next! Creating a Net Nights program is relatively simple. Follow these guidelines. More

  13. ...2!.J1... .J. J!j btl Great Lakes Gill Net

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ...2!.J1... .J. J!j btl Great Lakes Gill Net AUG1;) 1968 UNITED ST ATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR U.S. FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE BUREAU OF COMMERCIAL FISHERIES Great Lakes Gill Net and cordage Synthetic twines. Cordage . Mesh size Gill net construction Fishing operations . . Setting

  14. DETERMINING THE FRACTAL DIMENSION OF A TIME SERIES WITH A NEURAL NET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danon, Yaron

    DETERMINING THE FRACTAL DIMENSION OF A TIME SERIES WITH A NEURAL NET MARK J. EMBRECHTS AND YARON and require expert interaction for interpreting the calculated fractal dimension. Artificial neural nets (ANN) offer a fast and elegant way to estimate the fractal dimension of a time series. A backpropagation net

  15. MFV Kerrie Marie BM172 (New Net MK 2) sea trials no11: ICES area VIIe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MFV Kerrie Marie BM172 (New Net MK 2) sea trials no11: ICES area VIIe the results John, the Skipper fishing line and replaced it with a traditional 36mm rope fishing line in the new net" (see sea trials No4). "The new net didn't dig into the fishing grounds as much and discards were reduced much more

  16. NAO influence on net sea ice production and exchanges in the Arctic region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Aixue

    NAO influence on net sea ice production and exchanges in the Arctic region Aixue Hu, Claes Rooth and Rainer Bleck February 18, 2003 Abstract The variability of the net sea ice production and the sea ice circulation model. The wind driven divergence (or ice flux export) is the major factor controlling the net sea

  17. THE EFFECTS OF NET ENTANGLEMENT ON THE DRAG AND POWER OUTPUT OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    THE EFFECTS OF NET ENTANGLEMENT ON THE DRAG AND POWER OUTPUT OF A CALIFORNIA SEA LION, ZAWPHUS of entangled northern fur 'Scordino. J., and R. Fisher. 1983. Invelltigations on fur seal entanglement in net of plastic litter on beaches of several Alaskan islands. Using the number of net fragments found on shore

  18. A Dynamic and Context-Driven Benchmarking Framework for Zero-Net-Energy Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pala, Nezih

    A Dynamic and Context-Driven Benchmarking Framework for Zero-Net- Energy Buildings Youngcheol Kang1, there have been various efforts to design and develop zero-net-energy (ZNE) buildings. A ZNE building a significant portion of energy produced in the United States. In order to achieve Zero-Net-Energy (ZNE

  19. Synthesis of General Petri Nets with Localities Maciej Koutny and Marta Pietkiewicz-Koutny

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newcastle upon Tyne, University of

    COMPUTING SCIENCE Synthesis of General Petri Nets with Localities Maciej Koutny and Marta-TR-1195 March, 2010 Synthesis of General Petri Nets with Localities M. Koutny and M. Pietkiewicz behaviours is to use Petri nets with localities where transitions are partitioned into disjoint groups within

  20. Testing Petri Nets for Mobile Robots Using Grbner Bases Angie Chandler1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blair, Lynne

    Testing Petri Nets for Mobile Robots Using Gröbner Bases Angie Chandler1 , Anne Heyworth2 , Lynne becomes greater. This paper discusses the use of Petri nets as a means of modeling and testing the control of a mobile robot, concentrating specifically on the reachability testing of the Petri net model through