National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for net balancing authority

  1. Net Balanced Floorplanning Based on Elastic Energy Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nannarelli, Alberto

    Net Balanced Floorplanning Based on Elastic Energy Model Wei Liu and Alberto Nannarelli Dept variations can introduce extra signal skew, it is desirable to have floorplans with balanced net delays based on the elastic energy model. The B*-tree, which is based on an ordered binary tree, is used

  2. Cooperation Among Balancing Authorities Offers Greater Use of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Cooperation Among Balancing Authorities Offers Greater Use of Renewable Energy with Lower Integration Costs Cooperation Among Balancing Authorities Offers Greater Use of Renewable...

  3. Three-Stage Production Cost Modeling Approach for Evaluating the Benefits of Intra-Hour Scheduling between Balancing Authorities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Samaan, Nader A.; Milligan, Michael; Hunsaker, Matthew; Guo, Tao

    2015-07-30

    This paper introduces a Production Cost Modeling (PCM) approach to evaluate the benefits of intra-hour scheduling between Balancing Authorities (BAs). The system operation is modeled in a three-stage sequential manner: day ahead (DA)-hour ahead (HA)-real time (RT). In addition to contingency reserve, each BA will need to carry out “up” and “down” load following and regulation reserve capacity requirements in the DA and HA time frames. In the real-time simulation, only contingency and regulation reserves are carried out as load following is deployed. To model current real-time operation with hourly schedules, a new constraint was introduced to force each BA net exchange schedule deviation from HA schedules to be within NERC ACE limits. Case studies that investigate the benefits of moving from hourly exchange schedules between WECC BAs into 10-min exchange schedules under two different levels of wind and solar penetration (11% and 33%) are presented.

  4. Analysis Methodology for Balancing Authority Cooperation in High Penetration of Variable Generation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Makarov, Yuri V.; Etingov, Pavel V.; Zhou, Ning; Ma, Jian; Samaan, Nader A.; Diao, Ruisheng; Malhara, Sunita V.; Guttromson, Ross T.; Du, Pengwei; Sastry, Chellury

    2010-02-01

    With the rapidly growing penetration level of wind and solar generation, the challenges of managing variability and the uncertainty of intermittent renewable generation become more and more significant. The problem of power variability and uncertainty gets exacerbated when each balancing authority (BA) works locally and separately to balance its own subsystem. The virtual BA concept means various forms of collaboration between individual BAs must manage power variability and uncertainty. The virtual BA will have a wide area control capability in managing its operational balancing requirements in different time frames. This coordination results in the improvement of efficiency and reliability of power system operation while facilitating the high level integration of green, intermittent energy resources. Several strategies for virtual BA implementation, such as ACE diversity interchange (ADI), wind only BA, BA consolidation, dynamic scheduling, regulation and load following sharing, extreme event impact study are discussed in this report. The objective of such strategies is to allow individual BAs within a large power grid to help each other deal with power variability. Innovative methods have been developed to simulate the balancing operation of BAs. These methods evaluate the BA operation through a number of metrics — such as capacity, ramp rate, ramp duration, energy and cycling requirements — to evaluate the performances of different virtual BA strategies. The report builds a systematic framework for evaluating BA consolidation and coordination. Results for case studies show that significant economic and reliability benefits can be gained. The merits and limitation of each virtual BA strategy are investigated. The report provides guidelines for the power industry to evaluate the coordination or consolidation method. The application of the developed strategies in cooperation with several regional BAs is in progress for several off-spring projects.

  5. Energy Balance Partitioning and Net Radiation Controls on Soil Moisture – Precipitation Feedbacks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Aubrey R.; Brunsell, Nathaniel A.

    2009-01-14

    stream_size 63174 stream_content_type text/plain stream_name Brunsell_2009_Energy-balance-partitioning.pdf.txt stream_source_info Brunsell_2009_Energy-balance-partitioning.pdf.txt Content-Encoding UTF-8 Content-Type text... turbulence, with coarser resolutions unable to capture turbulent motions, which are necessary for convective processes. The ability of the model to capture boundary layer turbulence will alter the dynamics of soil moisture–precipitation feedback...

  6. Author's personal copy Energy and water balance of two contrasting loblolly pine plantations on the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noormets, Asko

    forest managements and land conversions on ecosystem services including energy partitioning (Gholz are more interested in water and carbon balances, quantifying forest energy balance offers insights to how Accepted 9 September 2009 Keywords: Energy balance Evapotranspiration Forest albedo Forest hydrology

  7. Quantifying the role of fire in the Earth system - Part 2: Impact on the net carbon balance of global terrestrial ecosystems for the 20th century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Fang; Bond-Lamberty, Benjamin; Levis, Samuel

    2014-03-07

    Fire is the primary terrestrial ecosystem disturbance agent on a global scale. It affects carbon balance of global terrestrial ecosystems by emitting carbon to atmosphere directly and immediately from biomass burning (i.e., fire direct effect), and by changing net ecosystem productivity and land-use carbon loss in post-fire regions due to biomass burning and fire-induced vegetation mortality (i.e., fire indirect effect). Here, we provide the first quantitative assessment about the impact of fire on the net carbon balance of global terrestrial ecosystems for the 20th century, and investigate the roles of fire direct and indirect effects. This study is done by quantifying the difference between the 20th century fire-on and fire-off simulations with NCAR community land model CLM4.5 as the model platform. Results show that fire decreases net carbon gain of the global terrestrial ecosystems by 1.0 Pg C yr-1 average across the 20th century, as a results of fire direct effect (1.9 Pg C yr-1) partly offset by indirect effect (-0.9 Pg C yr-1). Fire generally decreases the average carbon gains of terrestrial ecosystems in post-fire regions, which are significant over tropical savannas and part of forests in North America and the east of Asia. The general decrease of carbon gains in post-fire regions is because fire direct and indirect effects have similar spatial patterns and the former (to decrease carbon gain) is generally stronger. Moreover, the effect of fire on net carbon balance significantly declines prior to ~1970 with trend of 8 Tg C yr-1 due to increasing fire indirect effect and increases afterward with trend of 18 Tg C yr-1 due to increasing fire direct effect.

  8. Balancing Water Projects and Wildlife: New Authority for the California Water Resources Control Board

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gawthrop, Janet

    1986-01-01

    both environmental control and water use, the Board stillattorneys for the Water Resources Control Board describedWater Resources Control Board (Water Board) the authority to

  9. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Iowa's statutes do not explicitly authorize the Iowa Utilities Board (IUB) to mandate net metering, but this authority is implicit through the board's enforcement of PURPA and Iowa Code § 476.41 ...

  10. Guam- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Eligibility and Availability In 2004, Guam enacted legislation requiring the Guam Power Authority (GPA) to allow net metering for customers with fuel cells, microturbines, wind energy, biomass, ...

  11. Evaluation of Production Cost Savings from Consolidation of Balancing Authorities in the US Western Interconnection under High Wind and Solar Penetration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nguyen, Tony B.; Samaan, Nader A.; Jin, Chunlian

    2014-12-24

    This paper introduces a comprehensive analysis to quantify the potential savings in production cost due to consolidation of 32 US western interconnection Balancing Authorities (BAs). Three simulation scenarios are developed: current Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) BAs structure, full copper-sheet consolidation, and full consolidation with transmission congestion considered. The study uses WECC Transmission Expansion Planning Policy Committee (TEPPC) model that was developed for the year 2020. The model assumes 8% wind and 3% solar energy penetration as percentage of total WECC demand in 2020. Sensitivity analyses are carried out to assess the impact of transmission hurdle rates between WECC BAs on potential benefits. The study shows savings that ranges from $400 Million (2.4% of total one year production cost) to $600 Million (3.2%) per year in thermal units production cost due to consolidation can be achieved. The copper sheet consolidation scenario shows an extra savings of $240 Million (1.4%) per year.

  12. Enhanced BPA Balancing Authority (EBBA)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submitKansasCommunities EnergyU.S.Engineering Metal Impurities inPrinterRI/FS andebba

  13. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Note: Illinois is currently undergoing a rulemaking that would change its existing net metering rules. The proposed rules include provisions clarifying virtual net metering policies, facilitating...

  14. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Kansas adopted the Net Metering and Easy Connection Act in May 2009, which established net metering for customers of investor-owned utilities (IOUs). 

  15. Authoring Large and Complex Hypertext with Reusable Components 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Yung Ah

    2011-10-21

    from Petri net theory to select, categorize, and modify existing net fragments as building blocks for composing larger networks. Authors may switch modes between visual and textual authoring at will, thus combining the strengths of expressing large nets...

  16. Climatic Forecasting of Net Infiltration at Yucca Montain Using Analogue Meteororological Data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    B. Faybishenko

    2006-09-11

    At Yucca Mountain, Nevada, future changes in climatic conditions will most likely alter net infiltration, or the drainage below the bottom of the evapotranspiration zone within the soil profile or flow across the interface between soil and the densely welded part of the Tiva Canyon Tuff. The objectives of this paper are to: (a) develop a semi-empirical model and forecast average net infiltration rates, using the limited meteorological data from analogue meteorological stations, for interglacial (present day), and future monsoon, glacial transition, and glacial climates over the Yucca Mountain region, and (b) corroborate the computed net-infiltration rates by comparing them with the empirically and numerically determined groundwater recharge and percolation rates through the unsaturated zone from published data. In this paper, the author presents an approach for calculations of net infiltration, aridity, and precipitation-effectiveness indices, using a modified Budyko's water-balance model, with reference-surface potential evapotranspiration determined from the radiation-based Penman (1948) formula. Results of calculations show that net infiltration rates are expected to generally increase from the present-day climate to monsoon climate, to glacial transition climate, and then to the glacial climate. The forecasting results indicate the overlap between the ranges of net infiltration for different climates. For example, the mean glacial net-infiltration rate corresponds to the upper-bound glacial transition net infiltration, and the lower-bound glacial net infiltration corresponds to the glacial transition mean net infiltration. Forecasting of net infiltration for different climate states is subject to numerous uncertainties-associated with selecting climate analogue sites, using relatively short analogue meteorological records, neglecting the effects of vegetation and surface runoff and runon on a local scale, as well as possible anthropogenic climate changes.

  17. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Missouri enacted legislation in June 2007 requiring all electric utilities—investor-owned utilities, municipal utilities, and electric cooperatives—to offer net metering to customers with systems...

  18. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 56795692, 2014 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/14/5679/2014/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    and the local net energy balance is close to zero. These clouds in turn can cool the climate system more than a positive contribution on the local net energy balance. At the same time, their albedo is small becauseAtmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 5679­5692, 2014 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/14/5679/2014/ doi:10.5194/acp-14

  19. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The ACC requires that net metering charges be assessed on a non-discriminatory basis. Any new or additional charges that would increase an eligible customer-generator's costs beyond those of other...

  20. Net Metering

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    With these regulations, renewable energy systems with a capacity up to 25 kilowatts (kW) are eligible for net metering. Overall enrollment is limited to 1.5% of a utility's retail sales from the...

  1. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Net excess generation (NEG) is treated as a kilowatt-hour (kWh) credit or other compensation on the customer's following bill.* When an annual period ends, a utility will purchase unused credits...

  2. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Nevada's original net-metering law for renewable-energy systems was enacted in 1997 and amended in 2001, 2003, 2005, 2007, 2011, 2013, and 2015. Systems up to one megawatt (MW) in capacity that...

  3. Surface Energy Balance System (SEBS) Handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cook, DR

    2011-02-14

    A Surface Energy Balance System (SEBS) has been installed collocated with each deployed ECOR system at the Southern Great Plains (SGP), North Slope of Alaska (NSA), Tropical Western Pacific (TWP), ARM Mobile Facility 1 (AMF1), and ARM Mobile Facility 2 (AMF2). The surface energy balance system consists of upwelling and downwelling solar and infrared radiometers within one net radiometer, a wetness sensor, and soil measurements. The SEBS measurements allow the comparison of ECOR sensible and latent heat fluxes with the energy balance determined from the SEBS and provide information on wetting of the sensors for data quality purposes.

  4. NASA Net Zero Energy Buildings Roadmap

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pless, S.; Scheib, J.; Torcellini, P.; Hendron, B.; Slovensky, M.

    2014-10-01

    In preparation for the time-phased net zero energy requirement for new federal buildings starting in 2020, set forth in Executive Order 13514, NASA requested that the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to develop a roadmap for NASA's compliance. NASA detailed a Statement of Work that requested information on strategic, organizational, and tactical aspects of net zero energy buildings. In response, this document presents a high-level approach to net zero energy planning, design, construction, and operations, based on NREL's first-hand experience procuring net zero energy construction, and based on NREL and other industry research on net zero energy feasibility. The strategic approach to net zero energy starts with an interpretation of the executive order language relating to net zero energy. Specifically, this roadmap defines a net zero energy acquisition process as one that sets an aggressive energy use intensity goal for the building in project planning, meets the reduced demand goal through energy efficiency strategies and technologies, then adds renewable energy in a prioritized manner, using building-associated, emission- free sources first, to offset the annual energy use required at the building; the net zero energy process extends through the life of the building, requiring a balance of energy use and production in each calendar year.

  5. NetCDF

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJessework usesofPublications TheScience4.21 4.43EnergyAuthor: MonthlyNetCDF

  6. Predicting and mitigating the net greenhouse gas emissions of crop rotations in Western Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    balance; Agro-ecosystem model; CERES-EGC; Bayesian calibration; Green- house gases; Nitrous oxidePredicting and mitigating the net greenhouse gas emissions of crop rotations in Western Europe gases (GHG) con- tributing to net greenhouse gas balance of agro-ecosystems. Evaluating the impact

  7. Reconciling estimates of the contemporary North American carbon balance among terrestrial biosphere models, atmospheric inversions and a new approach for estimating net ecosystem exchange from inventory-based data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hayes, Daniel J [ORNL; Turner, David P [Oregon State University, Corvallis; Stinson, Graham [Pacific Forestry Centre, Canadian Forest Service; Mcguire, David [University of Alaska; Wei, Yaxing [ORNL; West, Tristram O. [Joint Global Change Research Institute, PNNL; Heath, Linda S. [USDA Forest Service; De Jong, Bernardus [ECOSUR; McConkey, Brian G. [Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada; Birdsey, Richard A. [U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service; Kurz, Werner [Canadian Forest Service; Jacobson, Andrew [NOAA ESRL and CIRES; Huntzinger, Deborah [University of Michigan; Pan, Yude [U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service; Post, Wilfred M [ORNL; Cook, Robert B [ORNL

    2012-01-01

    We develop an approach for estimating net ecosystem exchange (NEE) using inventory-based information over North America (NA) for a recent 7-year period (ca. 2000 2006). The approach notably retains information on the spatial distribution of NEE, or the vertical exchange between land and atmosphere of all non-fossil fuel sources and sinks of CO2, while accounting for lateral transfers of forest and crop products as well as their eventual emissions. The total NEE estimate of a 327 252 TgC yr1 sink for NA was driven primarily by CO2 uptake in the Forest Lands sector (248 TgC yr1), largely in the Northwest and Southeast regions of the US, and in the Crop Lands sector (297 TgC yr1), predominantly in the Midwest US states. These sinks are counteracted by the carbon source estimated for the Other Lands sector (+218 TgC yr1), where much of the forest and crop products are assumed to be returned to the atmosphere (through livestock and human consumption). The ecosystems of Mexico are estimated tobe a small net source (+18 TgC yr1) due to land use change between 1993 and 2002. We compare these inventorybased estimates with results from a suite of terrestrial biosphere and atmospheric inversion models, where the mean continental-scale NEE estimate for each ensemble is 511 TgC yr1 and 931 TgC yr1, respectively. In the modeling approaches, all sectors, including Other Lands, were generally estimated to be a carbon sink, driven in part by assumed CO2 fertilization and/or lack of consideration of carbon sources from disturbances and product emissions. Additional fluxes not measured by the inventories, although highly uncertain, could add an additional 239 TgC yr1 to the inventory-based NA sink estimate, thus suggesting some convergence with the modeling approaches.

  8. Ethnically diverse patients' perceptions of clinician computer use in a safety-net clinic.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ratanawongsa, Neda; Barton, Jennifer L; Schillinger, Dean; Yelin, Edward H; Hettema, Jennifer E; Lum, Paula J

    2013-01-01

    in a safety-net clinic Neda Ratanawongsa, MD, MPH JenniferFrancisco. Corresponding Author: Neda Ratanawongsa, MD, MPH

  9. Atmos. Chem. Phys. www.atmos-chem-phys.net

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    Atmos. Chem. Phys. www.atmos-chem-phys.net © Author(s) 2008. This work is distributed under represent the 1 standard errors of the mean. Atmos. Chem. Phys. www.atmos-chem-phys.net #12;G.P. Stiller 2003 (dark blue), May 2003 (light blue), June 2003 (turquoise), September 2003 (green), November 2003

  10. On static equilibrium and balance puzzler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samrat Dey; Ashish Paul; Dipankar Saikia; Deepjyoti Kalita; Anamika Debbarma; Shaheen Akhtar Wahab; Saurabh Sarma

    2012-12-12

    The principles of static equilibrium are of special interest to civil engineers. For a rigid body to be in static equilibrium the condition is that net force and net torque acting on the body should be zero. That clearly signifies that if equal weights are placed on either sides of a balance, the balance should be in equilibrium, even if its beam is not horizontal (we have considered the beam to be straight and have no thickness, an ideal case). Thus, although the weights are equal, they will appear different which is puzzling. This also shows that the concept of equilibrium is confusing, especially neutral equilibrium is confused to be stable equilibrium. The study not only throws more light on the concept of static equilibrium, but also clarifies that a structure need not be firm and steady even if it is in static equilibrium.

  11. Title: Author(s):

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield MunicipalTechnicalInformation FederatedInformationTITLE: AUTHOR(S)Patterns,(Journal A uttwr(s):

  12. Parameter estimation of coupled water and energy balance models based on stationary constraints of surface states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Jian

    [1] We use a conditional averaging approach to estimate the parameters of a land surface water and energy balance model and then use the estimated parameters to partition net radiation into latent, sensible, and ground ...

  13. Polarization-balanced beamsplitter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Decker, Derek E. (Livermore, CA)

    1998-01-01

    A beamsplitter assembly that includes several beamsplitter cubes arranged to define a plurality of polarization-balanced light paths. Each polarization-balanced light path contains one or more balanced pairs of light paths, where each balanced pair of light paths includes either two transmission light paths with orthogonal polarization effects or two reflection light paths with orthogonal polarization effects. The orthogonal pairing of said transmission and reflection light paths cancels polarization effects otherwise caused by beamsplitting.

  14. Polarization-balanced beamsplitter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Decker, D.E.

    1998-02-17

    A beamsplitter assembly is disclosed that includes several beamsplitter cubes arranged to define a plurality of polarization-balanced light paths. Each polarization-balanced light path contains one or more balanced pairs of light paths, where each balanced pair of light paths includes either two transmission light paths with orthogonal polarization effects or two reflection light paths with orthogonal polarization effects. The orthogonal pairing of said transmission and reflection light paths cancels polarization effects otherwise caused by beamsplitting. 10 figs.

  15. Biogeosciences, 2, 4360, 2005 www.biogeosciences.net/bg/2/43/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    cruise, when the residence time of wa- ter was long enough, net ecosystem production (NEP) esti- mates dissolved inor- ganic carbon (DIC) and oxygen (O2) mass balance budgets. These budgets provided NEP

  16. THE 2001 NET ENERGY BALANCE OF CORN-ETHANOL (PRELIMINARY)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patzek, Tadeusz W.

    used on farms, such as gasoline, diesel, LP gas (LPG), natural gas, and electricity, for the production plants. The major objectives of this report are to improve the quality of data and methodology used on the latest data on corn production and corn yield, (2) improving the quality of estimates for energy used

  17. Markov Chain Monte Carlo Method without Detailed Balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hidemaro Suwa; Synge Todo

    2010-10-13

    We present a specific algorithm that generally satisfies the balance condition without imposing the detailed balance in the Markov chain Monte Carlo. In our algorithm, the average rejection rate is minimized, and even reduced to zero in many relevant cases. The absence of the detailed balance also introduces a net stochastic flow in a configuration space, which further boosts up the convergence. We demonstrate that the autocorrelation time of the Potts model becomes more than 6 times shorter than that by the conventional Metropolis algorithm. Based on the same concept, a bounce-free worm algorithm for generic quantum spin models is formulated as well.

  18. Seasonal mass-balance gradients in Norway L.A. RASMUSSEN,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rasmussen, L.A.

    Seasonal mass-balance gradients in Norway L.A. RASMUSSEN,1 L.M. ANDREASSEN2,3 1 Department of Earth, Norway 3 Department of Geosciences, University of Oslo, Blindern, NO-0316 Oslo, Norway ABSTRACT. Previously discovered regularity in vertical profiles of net balance, bnðzÞ, on ten glaciers in Norway also

  19. GENERAL LEDGER OBJECT CODES Fund Balance Fund Balance & Fund Balance-Related Objects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harms, Kyle E.

    GENERAL LEDGER OBJECT CODES ­ Fund Balance Fund Balance & Fund Balance-Related Objects Unrestricted Fund 3000 Unrestricted Fund Balance 4005 INACTIVE ­ Effective 7/1/2002 4009 Other Additions from Controls 3090 Unrestricted Fund Balance Reserved for Inventories 3095 Unrestricted Fund Balance

  20. Balancing coal pipes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Earley, D.; Kirkenir, B.

    2009-11-15

    Balancing coal flow to the burners to optimise combustion by using real-time measurement systems (such as microwave mass measurement) is discussed. 3 figs.

  1. An institutional frame to compare alternative market designs in EU electricity balancing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glachant, Jean-Michel

    2007-01-01

    The so-called "electricity wholesale market" is, in fact, a sequence of several markets. The chain is closed with a provision for "balancing," in which energy from all wholesale markets is balanced under the authority of ...

  2. PSEG Long Island- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Although PSEG Long Island’s net metering policy is not governed by the State’s net metering law, the provisions are similar to the State law. Net metering is available for residential, non-reside...

  3. MathNet MathNet Mathematical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Figueiredo, Luiz Henrique

    Net Types of Data Types of Data . . File formats File formats . . for papers for papers . . html html Distiller) PDF generator (Acrobat Distiller) . . Html (Latex2html) Html (Latex2html) . . Cataloging­Server paradigm Client­Server paradigm . . Distributed Web Servers Distributed Web Servers . . Client:WWW Browser

  4. Energy Balance Bowen Ratio Station (EBBR) Handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cook, DR

    2011-02-23

    The energy balance Bowen ratio (EBBR) system produces 30-minute estimates of the vertical fluxes of sensible and latent heat at the local surface. Flux estimates are calculated from observations of net radiation, soil surface heat flux, and the vertical gradients of temperature and relative humidity (RH). Meteorological data collected by the EBBR are used to calculate bulk aerodynamic fluxes, which are used in the Bulk Aerodynamic Technique (BA) EBBR value-added product (VAP) to replace sunrise and sunset spikes in the flux data. A unique aspect of the system is the automatic exchange mechanism (AEM), which helps to reduce errors from instrument offset drift.

  5. Washington City Power- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Washington City adopted a net-metering program, including interconnection procedures, in January 2008.* Net metering is available to residential and commercial customers that generate electricity...

  6. A model of global net ecosystem production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Potter, C.S.; Matson, P.A. (NASA-Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA (United States)); Field, C.B.; Randerson, J. (Carnegie Institution of Washington, Stanford, CA (United States)); Vitousek, P.M.; Mooney, H.A. (Stanford Univ., CA (United States))

    1993-06-01

    We present an ecosystem modeling approach to resolve global climate and edaphic controls on seasonal NEP patterns. Global remote sensing, climate and land surface data sets are used as inputs to drive a terrestrial carbon cycle model at 1[degrees]lat/lon resolution. monthly net primary productivity (NPP) is calculated using surface radiation and NDVI to determine photosynthesis, which is subsequently adjusted by temperature, water and nitrogen stress factors. Total nitrogen availability is coupled to net mineralization rates from litter soil carbon pools. Soil respiration and NPP balance one another globally at around 60 Gt C yr[sup [minus]1]. The seasonal amplitude of global NEP is 1.2 Gt C. Although substantial month-to-month variation is observed for tropical forest areas, seasonal amplitude is driven globally by boreal and temperate forest ecosystems between 650 and 30[degrees] N latitude.

  7. Avista Utilities- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    For Avista Utilities customers, any net excess generation (NEG) during a monthly billing period is credited to the customer's next bill at the utility's retail rate. At the beginning of each ca...

  8. LADWP- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    LADWP allows its customers to net meter their photovoltaic (PV), wind, and hybrid systems with a capacity of not more than one megawatt. LADWP will provide the necessary metering equipment unless...

  9. Spatial Water Balance in Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reed, Seann; Maidment, David; Patoux, Jerome

    1994-01-01

    different components of the hydrologic cycle - an atmospheric water balance, a soil-water balance, and a surface water balance. These models were constructed using a geographic information system (GIS). A GIS provides a framework for storing and manipulating...

  10. NET ECONOMIC VALUES OF RECREATIONISTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;NET ECONOMIC VALUES OF RECREATIONISTS FOR OUTDOOR EXPERIENCES IN THE FRASER RIVER BASIN Crane of Economic Values 2.1 Water Resource Economic Values 2.2 Net Economic Values of Recreationists 2.3 Estimating Net Economic Value 2.4 Estimation Problems Review of Net Economic Value Estimates 3.1 Summary

  11. Balanced Scorecard Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    PLEASE NOTE: This page contains links to a great deal of information on the subject of the Balanced Scorecard (BSC). It is intended to assist DOE employees, contractors and anyone who is interested...

  12. Detailed balance and entanglement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rocco Duvenhage; Machiel Snyman

    2015-03-27

    We study a connection between quantum detailed balance, which is a concept of importance in statistical mechanics, and entanglement. We also explore how this connection fits into thermofield dynamics.

  13. Load Balancing Scientific Applications 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pearce, Olga

    2014-12-08

    The largest supercomputers have millions of independent processors, and concurrency levels are rapidly increasing. For ideal efficiency, developers of the simulations that run on these machines must ensure that computational work is evenly balanced...

  14. Prediction of Power System Balancing Requirement and Tail Event

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lu, Shuai; Makarov, Yuri V.; Brothers, Alan J.; McKinstry, Craig A.; Jin, Shuangshuang; Pease, John

    2010-04-30

    This paper presents a methodology for the prediction of power system balancing requirement and the probability of tail event (large imbalance between generation and load). Maintaining sufficient balancing reserves to match the difference between hourly generation schedule and real-time variable load and intermittent resources, becomes more and more challenging with the increasing penetration of intermittent energy sources. The presented methodology uses a yearly distribution and an hourly distribution of balancing requirement and tail events to provide a high level look at the issue and warn system operators of those hours when problems are most likely to occur. For real-time prediction, a Bayes Net model is constructed to model the statistical relationships between system imbalance and forecast errors, generation schedule control errors and other influential factors. The methodology will be able to provide reference information to system operators in determining the sufficiency of system balancing reserve and taking appropriate control actions.

  15. Biogeosciences, 6, 11991207, 2009 www.biogeosciences.net/6/1199/2009/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morel, François M. M.

    Biogeosciences, 6, 1199­1207, 2009 www.biogeosciences.net/6/1199/2009/ © Author(s) 2009. This work carbon fixation in the dark reaction of photosynthe- sis and thus increase primary production

  16. Analysis of Sub-Hourly Ramping Impacts of Wind Energy and Balancing Area Size: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Milligan, M.; Kirby, B.

    2008-06-01

    In this paper, we analyze sub-hourly ramping requirements and the benefit of combining Balancing Authority operations with significant wind penetrations.

  17. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 24812497, 2009 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/9/2481/2009/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 2481­2497, 2009 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/9/2481/2009/ © Author(s) 2009 reflectance after deposition (dark- ening). We apply a range of models and observations to explore impacts) and organic matter (OM), increase net solar heating of the atmosphere-snow column. 2) Darkening caused

  18. Multimedia Authoring III: Web Authoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dahlquist, Kam D.

    Multimedia Authoring III: Web Authoring · Many multimedia applications today have a Web manifestation, whether it is the application itself or something about the application, like a DVD info Web site · The Web can "wrap" other types of content as well: Flash, audio, video · The Web provides technologies

  19. 2. System boundaries; Balance equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zevenhoven, Ron

    , or cover a certain balance time (sv: balanstid) x,in x,out production of X consumption of X X/t Balance for X Balance volume Streams (amount / time) Production and consumption (amount / time) Åbo Akademi of a chemical reaction is easily added as production or consumption of species, heat, etc. The balance volume

  20. Balancing Authority Cooperation Concepts - Intra-Hour Scheduling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hunsaker, Matthew; Samaan, Nader; Milligan, Michael; Guo, Tao; Liu, Guangjuan; Toolson, Jacob

    2013-03-29

    The overall objective of this study was to understand, on an Interconnection-wide basis, the effects intra-hour scheduling compared to hourly scheduling. Moreover, the study sought to understand how the benefits of intra-hour scheduling would change by altering the input assumptions in different scenarios. This report describes results of three separate scenarios with differing key assumptions and comparing the production costs between hourly scheduling and 10-minute scheduling performance. The different scenarios were chosen to provide insight into how the estimated benefits might change by altering input assumptions. Several key assumptions were different in the three scenarios, however most assumptions were similar and/or unchanged among the scenarios.

  1. Cooperation Among Balancing Authorities Offers Greater Use of Renewable

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based Fuels|ProgramsLakeDepartment ofof Energy Test| Department

  2. Multidimensional spectral load balancing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hendrickson, B.; Leland, R.

    1993-01-01

    We describe an algorithm for the static load balancing of scientific computations that generalizes and improves upon spectral bisection. Through a novel use of multiple eigenvectors, our new spectral algorithm can divide a computation into 4 or 8 pieces at once. These multidimensional spectral partitioning algorithms generate balanced partitions that have lower communication overhead and are less expensive to compute than those produced by spectral bisection. In addition, they automatically work to minimize message contention on a hypercube or mesh architecture. These spectral partitions are further improved by a multidimensional generalization of the Kernighan-Lin graph partitioning algorithm. Results on several computational grids are given and compared with other popular methods.

  3. Balance functions revisited

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Bialas

    2011-02-11

    The idea of glue clusters, i.e. short-range correlations in the quark-gluon plasma close to freeze-out, is used to estimate the width of balance functions in momentum space. A good agreement is found with the recent measurements of STAR collaboration for central $Au-Au$ collisions.

  4. The Cryosphere, 7, 17871802, 2013 www.the-cryosphere.net/7/1787/2013/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marzeion, Ben

    -1787-2013 © Author(s) 2013. CC Attribution 3.0 License. The Cryosphere OpenAccess Modeling energy and mass balance mass and energy balance of Shallap Glacier, Cordillera Blanca, Peru (9 S, 77 W, 4700­5700 m a.s.l., 7 of process-based surface energy and mass balance models with high temporal and spatial resolution (e.g., Mölg

  5. FINDING BALANCE: ENHANCING PHYSICAL, EMOTIONAL,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FINDING BALANCE: ENHANCING PHYSICAL, EMOTIONAL, AND SOCIAL WELL-BEING 3rd Annual Conference for psychologists requesting CE credits TOPICS INCLUDE: How finding "balance" can support our physical, emotional, and social well-being Balance exercises and physical fitness to prevent injuries and cognitive decline

  6. Author Select

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield MunicipalTechnical Report:Speeding accessby a contractor ofvarDOE PAGES11 PPPL-AtmosphericAuthor

  7. Feasibility of Achieving a Zero-Net-Energy, Zero-Net-Cost Homes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Beaini, S.

    2010-01-01

    7  Defining a Net?Zero Energy Net Zero Energy .A.     Defining a Net­Zero Energy Building  Due to the 

  8. Weekly Refiner Net Production

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry NaturalPrices Globaldieselgasolinemonthlysummer1Net Production

  9. Analysis ? Targeting Zero Net Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Analysis - Targeting Zero Net Energy 2014 Building Technologies Office Peer Review Scott Horowitz, scott.horowitz@nrel.gov NREL Project Summary Timeline: Start date: 2010 Planned...

  10. Road to Net Zero (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glover, B.

    2011-05-01

    A PowerPoint presentation on NREL's Research Support Facility (RSF) and the road to achieving net zero energy for new construction.

  11. Carbon balance of coniferous forests growing in contrasting climates: Model-based analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to understand why carbon balance (or net ecosystem production, NEP) differs among forests. Here, we use-site differences in gross primary productivity (GPP), ecosystem respiration (RE) and NEP. The most important factor physiology on NEP were secondary, but still substantial. The work provides detailed quantitative evidence

  12. Impacts of land use change due to biofuel crops on carbon balance, bioenergy production, and agricultural

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhuang, Qianlai

    Impacts of land use change due to biofuel crops on carbon balance, bioenergy production that biofuel crops have much higher net pri- mary production (NPP) than soybean and wheat crops. When food). Global biofuel production has increased dramatically in the last decade, especially in United States

  13. Radar channel balancing with commutation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doerry, Armin Walter

    2014-02-01

    When multiple channels are employed in a pulse-Doppler radar, achieving and maintaining balance between the channels is problematic. In some circumstances the channels may be commutated to achieve adequate balance. Commutation is the switching, trading, toggling, or multiplexing of the channels between signal paths. Commutation allows modulating the imbalance energy away from the balanced energy in Doppler, where it can be mitigated with filtering.

  14. Dynamic load balancing of applications

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wheat, S.R.

    1997-05-13

    An application-level method for dynamically maintaining global load balance on a parallel computer, particularly on massively parallel MIMD computers is disclosed. Global load balancing is achieved by overlapping neighborhoods of processors, where each neighborhood performs local load balancing. The method supports a large class of finite element and finite difference based applications and provides an automatic element management system to which applications are easily integrated. 13 figs.

  15. Dynamic load balancing of applications

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wheat, Stephen R. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1997-01-01

    An application-level method for dynamically maintaining global load balance on a parallel computer, particularly on massively parallel MIMD computers. Global load balancing is achieved by overlapping neighborhoods of processors, where each neighborhood performs local load balancing. The method supports a large class of finite element and finite difference based applications and provides an automatic element management system to which applications are easily integrated.

  16. 1, 275309, 2004 Net ecosystem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    respiration rates are 5 µmol m-2 s-1 . Net annual sequestration of carbon (C) was estimated at 1.7 (±0.5) ton the short intense growing season. The associated cost to the sequestration of carbon may be another C ha-1 in 2001. The net carbon exchange of the forest was extremely sensitive to small changes

  17. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 6, 33033314, 2006 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/6/3303/2006/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    Atmos. Chem. Phys., 6, 3303­3314, 2006 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/6/3303/2006/ © Author(s) 2006 of these small values, but we can find no obvious reason to dis- count them. The dark reaction of ozoneO 2Br + O2 or Br2 + O2 followed by Br2 + O2 + h 2Br + O2 Net 2O3 3O2 (1) The BrO originates from Br

  18. Water Balance AnalysisWater Balance Analysis C. P. KumarC. P. Kumar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, C.P.

    Water Balance AnalysisWater Balance Analysis C. P. KumarC. P. Kumar Scientist `F'Scientist `FIntroduction ØØ Hydrologic CycleHydrologic Cycle ØØ Basic Concept of Water BalanceBasic Concept of Water Balance ØØ Water Balance of Unsaturated ZoneWater Balance of Unsaturated Zone ØØ Water Balance at Land

  19. Demand response compensation, net Benefits and cost allocation: comments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hogan, William W.

    2010-11-15

    FERC's Supplemental Notice of Public Rulemaking addresses the question of proper compensation for demand response in organized wholesale electricity markets. Assuming that the Commission would proceed with the proposal ''to require tariff provisions allowing demand response resources to participate in wholesale energy markets by reducing consumption of electricity from expected levels in response to price signals, to pay those demand response resources, in all hours, the market price of energy for such reductions,'' the Commission posed questions about applying a net benefits test and rules for cost allocation. This article summarizes critical points and poses implications for the issues of net benefit tests and cost allocation. (author)

  20. An Institutional Frame to Compare Alternative Market Designs in EU Electricity Balancing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glachant, Jean-Michel; Saguan, Marcelo

    The so-called â electricity wholesale marketâ is, in fact, a sequence of several markets. The chain is closed with a provision for â balancing,â in which energy from all wholesale markets is balanced under the authority of the Transmission...

  1. Net Zero Energy Installations (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Booth, S.

    2012-05-01

    A net zero energy installation (NZEI) is one that produces as much energy from on-site renewable sources as it consumes. NZEI assessment provides a systematic approach to energy projects.

  2. California’s 2011–2012 Budget: Balancing the Budget Behemoth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DiSarro, Brian; Hussey, Wesley

    2012-01-01

    fund the California High-Speed Rail Authority. Most of thisthe construction of a high-speed rail system Balancing theprojected that the high-speed rail project would ultimately

  3. An Oscillating Magnet Watt Balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmedov, H

    2015-01-01

    We establish the principles for a new generation of simplified and accurate watt balances in which an oscillating magnet generates Faraday's voltage in a stationary coil. A force measuring system and a mechanism providing vertical movements of the magnet are completely independent in an oscillating magnet watt balance. This remarkable feature allows to establish the link between the Planck constant and a macroscopic mass by a one single experiment. Weak dependence on variations of environmental and experimental conditions, weak sensitivity to ground vibrations and temperature changes, simple force measuring procedure, small sizes and other useful features offered by the novel approach considerably reduce the complexity of the experimental setup. We formulate the oscillating magnet watt balance principle and establish the measurement procedure for the Planck constant. We discuss the nature of oscillating magnet watt balance uncertainties and give a brief description of the National Metrology Institute (UME) wa...

  4. Mechanically balanced tapered plug valve

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Anaya, Jose R. (Coacalco, MX)

    1985-01-01

    The invention is a novel hermetic tapered plug valve having a spring-like resilient mechanism for providing axial balance to the plug and thereby prevent valve lock up.

  5. NetCDF

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJessework usesofPublications TheScience4.21 4.43EnergyAuthor: Monthly

  6. Organization & Environment The Author(s) 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoffman, Andrew J.

    focused on addressing interests, to a distributive battle over concessionary agreements with each side ones (science, economics, risk, ideology), and the engagement of effective "climate brokers" to deliver (IPCC) declared that "the balance of evidence, from changes in global mean surface air temperature

  7. Supplement of Biogeosciences, 11, 68276840, 2014 http://www.biogeosciences.net/11/6827/2014/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malhi, Yadvinder

    Supplement of Biogeosciences, 11, 6827­6840, 2014 http://www.biogeosciences.net/11/6827/2014/ doi:10.5194/bg-11-6827-2014-supplement © Author(s) 2014. CC Attribution 3.0 License. Supplement of Local-Méchain et al. Correspondence to: M. Réjou-Méchain (maxime.rejou@gmail.com) #12;SUPPLEMENT Supplement S1

  8. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 76517672, 2008 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/8/7651/2008/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 7651­7672, 2008 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/8/7651/2008/ © Author(s) 2008 a dark field technique for different pre- defined aerosol mixtures. In the second step the spectrom- eter- ics and sub tropics, and (3) an enhanced dark field albedo characterization. This paper describes

  9. Ann. Geophys., 27, 33673385, 2009 www.ann-geophys.net/27/3367/2009/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lummerzheim, Dirk

    Ann. Geophys., 27, 3367­3385, 2009 www.ann-geophys.net/27/3367/2009/ © Author(s) 2009. This work the tongues, and the field strength drops from 40 mV/m found at optically dark regions to 10 mV/m inside the areas of enhanced conductivity. Down- ward FAC flow in the dark regions, while upward currents flow

  10. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 33313345, 2009 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/9/3331/2009/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 3331­3345, 2009 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/9/3331/2009/ © Author(s) 2009 under dark and irradiated conditions M. M. Galloway1, P. S. Chhabra2, A. W. H. Chan2, J. D. Surratt3, R performed under dark and irra- diated conditions to gain further insight into processes con- trolling

  11. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 28932917, 2010 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/10/2893/2010/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 2893­2917, 2010 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/10/2893/2010/ © Author(s) 2010 and Physics Distribution of gaseous and particulate organic composition during dark -pinene ozonolysis M investi- gate SOA formation from dark -pinene ozonolysis with par- ticular emphasis upon the mass

  12. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 609625, 2010 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/10/609/2010/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 609­625, 2010 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/10/609/2010/ © Author(s) 2010. A small amount of SOA (3%) was observed for DE in dark with N2O5 (for NO3 radical production) experiments versus dark experiments sug- gests the role of OH initiated reactions in these chamber at- mospheres

  13. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 20732088, 2008 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/8/2073/2008/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 2073­2088, 2008 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/8/2073/2008/ © Author(s) 2008 and Physics Particle mass yield in secondary organic aerosol formed by the dark ozonolysis of -pinene J. E (SOA) formed by dark ozonolysis was measured for 0.3­22.8 ppbv of reacted -pinene. Most experiments

  14. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7, 38113821, 2007 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/7/3811/2007/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanier, Charlie

    Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7, 3811­3821, 2007 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/7/3811/2007/ © Author(s) 2007: 1) Low NOx, dark, and dry conditions, 2) Low NOx, UV, and dry conditions, 3) Low NOx, dark, and high RH conditions, 4) High NOx, dark, and dry conditions, 5) High NOx, UV, and dry conditions. According

  15. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 1060110618, 2014 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/14/10601/2014/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 10601­10618, 2014 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/14/10601/2014/ doi:10.5194/acp-14-10601-2014 © Author(s) 2014. CC Attribution 3.0 License. Systematic satellite observations of the impact of aerosols. Phys. Discuss.: 27 January 2014 Revised: 27 August 2014 ­ Accepted: 8 September 2014 ­ Published: 9

  16. Ocean Sci., 5, 313327, 2009 www.ocean-sci.net/5/313/2009/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gnanadesikan, Anand

    . The role of the penetration length scale of short- wave radiation into the surface ocean and its impactOcean Sci., 5, 313­327, 2009 www.ocean-sci.net/5/313/2009/ © Author(s) 2009. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. Ocean Science Regional impacts of ocean color

  17. ANNUAL CONFERENCE ON SUCCESSFUL AGING FINDING BALANCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    3RD ANNUAL CONFERENCE ON SUCCESSFUL AGING FINDING BALANCE: ENHANCING PHYSICAL, EMOTIONAL, and how to improve them. Finding Balance Supports Our Well-Being. Dr. Glisky will talk about how balance in humans; Evolutionary medicine. Balance Exercises and Fitness to Prevent Injuries and Cognitive Decline

  18. MATERIAL BALANCES AND APPLICATIONS MATERIAL BALANCES AND APPLICATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Juhani, Abdulhadi A.

    engineering problems. Material balances are nothing more than the application of the law of conservation Equation Suppose propane is a component of both the input and output streams of a continuous process unit propane/h) qout (kg propane/h) If there are no leaks and the measurements are correct, then the other

  19. Current balancing for battery strings

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Galloway, James H. (New Baltimore, MI)

    1985-01-01

    A battery plant is described which features magnetic circuit means for balancing the electrical current flow through a pluraliircuitbattery strings which are connected electrically in parallel. The magnetic circuit means is associated with the battery strings such that the conductors carrying the electrical current flow through each of the battery strings pass through the magnetic circuit means in directions which cause the electromagnetic fields of at least one predetermined pair of the conductors to oppose each other. In an alternative embodiment, a low voltage converter is associated with each of the battery strings for balancing the electrical current flow through the battery strings.

  20. Available Balance Quick Reference Guide How do I find my Available Balance?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Available Balance Quick Reference Guide How do I find my Available Balance? Fund Balance (aka 'Cash Funded') Accounts Internet Native Banner (INB) Form: FGITBSR (see Note 1) e~Print Fund Balance Checkbook Banner (INB) Form: FGIBDST (See Note 2) e~Print CSM Budget Status or Budget Balance Checkbook Detail

  1. L1 Stability for scalar balance laws. L1 Stability for scalar balance laws.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mercier, Magali

    L1 Stability for scalar balance laws. L1 Stability for scalar balance laws. Control 2010 Magali Mercier (Institut Camille Jordan, Lyon) L1 Stability for scalar balance laws. Parma, 15th February 2010 1 / 30 #12;L1 Stability for scalar balance laws. Introduction. Introduction Scalar balance

  2. ENTRY ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE [ENTRY ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE] Authors: Oliver Knill: March 2000 Literature: Peter Norvig,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knill, Oliver

    ENTRY ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE [ENTRY ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE] Authors: Oliver Knill: March 2000 Literature: Peter Norvig, Paradigns of Artificial Intelligence Programming Daniel Juravsky and James Martin interface to a neural net simulator. artificial intelligence [artificial intelligence] (AI) is a field

  3. Proof Nets and Boolean Circuits Kazushige Terui

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Terui, Kazushige

    -depth family of proof nets. We then have APNi = ACi(stCONN2). 1. Introduction Proof nets [4, 2, 6 [5, 7, 11]. Boolean circuits (see [17, 1, 16] for instance) are one of the standard models

  4. Dual shell pressure balanced vessel

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fassbender, Alexander G. (West Richland, WA)

    1992-01-01

    A dual-wall pressure balanced vessel for processing high viscosity slurries at high temperatures and pressures having an outer pressure vessel and an inner vessel with an annular space between the vessels pressurized at a pressure slightly less than or equivalent to the pressure within the inner vessel.

  5. Burner balancing Salem Harbor Station

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sload, A.W.; Dube, R.J.

    1995-12-31

    The traditional method of burner balancing is first to determine the fuel distribution, then to measure the economizer outlet excess oxygen distribution and to adjust the burners accordingly. Fuel distribution is typically measured by clean and dirty air probing. Coal pipe flow can then be adjusted, if necessary, through the use of coal pipe orificing or by other means. Primary air flow must be adjusted to meet the design criteria of the burner. Once coal pipe flow is balanced to within the desired criteria, secondary air flow to individual burners can be changed by adjusting windbox dampers, burner registers, shrouds or other devices in the secondary air stream. This paper discusses problems encountered in measuring excess O{sub 2} at the economizer outlet. It is important to recognize that O{sub 2} measurements at the economizer outlet, by themselves, can be very misleading. If measurement problems are suspected or encountered, an alternate approach similar to that described should be considered. The alternate method is not only useful for burner balancing but also can be used to help in calibrating the plant excess O{sub 2} instruments and provide an on line means of cross-checking excess air measurements. Balanced burners operate closer to their design stoichiometry, providing better NO{sub x} reduction. For Salem Harbor Station, this means a significant saving in urea consumption.

  6. Job Salary Prediction Anonymous Author(s)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freitas, Nando de

    050 051 052 053 Job Salary Prediction Anonymous Author(s) Affiliation Address email Abstract Kaggle based classifieds company, hosted a Kaggle competition with the goal of improving job salary pre- dictions for job postings in which the salary does not appear. Using various lin- ear models, random

  7. Project Frog: Net Zero Energy Comparative Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Project Frog: Net Zero Energy Comparative Analysis Hawai`i Natural Energy Institute | School undertand how they perform. The net zero energy (NZE) platforms were installed as research prototypes, Kauai #12;Project Frog: Net Zero Energy Comparative Analysis Hawai`i Natural Energy Institute | School

  8. The CloudNets Network Virtualization Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmid, Stefan

    Nets Network Virtualization Architecture Johannes Grassler jgrassler@inet.tu-berlin.de 05. Februar, 2014 Johannes Grassler jgrassler@inet.tu-berlin.de The CloudNets Network Virtualization Architecture #12;..... . .... . .... . ..... . .... . .... . .... . ..... . .... . .... . .... . ..... . .... . .... . .... . ..... . .... . ..... . .... . .... . Johannes Grassler jgrassler@inet.tu-berlin.de The CloudNets Network Virtualization Architecture #12

  9. Petri net modelling of biological Claudine Chaouiya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Breitling, Rainer

    Petri net modelling of biological networks Claudine Chaouiya Submitted: 31st March 2007; Received into the functioning of complex biological networks. In this context, Petri nets (PNs) have recently emerged of the computational systems biology. Keywords: dynamical modelling; Petri nets; biological networks INTRODUCTION

  10. 2002CALIFORNIAPOWERMIX 2002 NET SYSTEM POWER CALCULATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the generation back to specific generators, and thereby claim that the electricity offered for sale to retail of their power as net system power. What is Net System Power? Net system power is "the mix of electricity fuel the previous calendar year in each of the statute's fuel type categories. Imports of out-of-state generation

  11. Constrained CP-nets Steve Prestwich

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walsh, Toby

    Constrained CP-nets Steve Prestwich , Francesca Rossi ¡ , Kristen Brent Venable ¡, Toby Walsh 1, soft constraints, and CP-nets. We construct a set of hard constraints whose solutions are the optimal to represent preferences, we will consider CP-nets [6, 3], which is a quali- tative approach where preferences

  12. Constrained CP-nets Steve Prestwich1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rossi, Francesca

    Constrained CP-nets Steve Prestwich1 , Francesca Rossi2 , Kristen Brent Venable2 , Toby Walsh1 1, soft constraints, and CP nets. We construct a set of hard constraints whose solutions are the optimal. Among the many existing approaches to represent preferencess, we will consider CP nets [5,3], which

  13. Feasibility of Achieving Net-Zero-Energy Net-Zero-Cost

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Feasibility of Achieving Net- Zero-Energy Net-Zero-Cost Homes I.S. Walker, Al-Beaini, SSimjanovic,JohnStanley,BretStrogen,IainWalker FeasibilityofAchieving ZeroNetEnergy,Zero NetCostHomes #12;4 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS. Environmental Energy Technologies Division September 2009 This work was supported by the Assistant Secretary

  14. NET-ZERO CARBON MANUFACTURING AT NET-ZERO COST Dustin Pohlman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kissock, Kelly

    energy in manufacturing plants that results in net-zero carbon emissions at net-zero costs. The paper begins by reviewing the economics of net- zero energy buildings and discussing why a different approach on the energy intensity of manufacturing and recognizes that on-site net-zero energy is not consistent

  15. Net Zero Energy Military Installations: A Guide to Assessment and Planning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Booth, S.; Barnett, J.; Burman, K.; Hambrick, J.; Westby, R.

    2010-08-01

    The U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) recognizes the strategic importance of energy to its mission, and is working to reduce energy consumption and enhance energy self-sufficiency by drawing on local clean energy sources. A joint initiative formed between DoD and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) in 2008 to address military energy use led to a task force to examine the potential for net zero energy military installations, which would produce as much energy on site as they consume in buildings, facilities, and fleet vehicles. This report presents an assessment and planning process to examine military installations for net zero energy potential. Net Zero Energy Installation Assessment (NZEIA) presents a systematic framework to analyze energy projects at installations while balancing other site priorities such as mission, cost, and security.

  16. Geosci. Model Dev., 6, 19411960, 2013 www.geosci-model-dev.net/6/1941/2013/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -1941-2013 © Author(s) 2013. CC Attribution 3.0 License. Geoscientific Model Development OpenAccess The GREENROOF of these strategies. In this context, the GREENROOF module for TEB (town energy balance) has been developed to model indoor comfort and energy consumption at the scale of cities, for which GREENROOF will be running

  17. Casting NETs provides bait for autoantibody-mediated arthritis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lew, Brian Raymond

    2011-01-01

    OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Casting NETs provides bait forvii ABSTRACT OF THE THESIS Casting NETs provides bait for

  18. Supplementary balance laws and the entropy principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Serge Preston

    2010-08-01

    In this work we study the mathematical aspects of the development in the continuum thermodynamics known as the "Entropy Principle". It started with the pioneering works of B.Coleman, W.Noll and I. Muller in 60th of XX cent. and got its further development mostly in the works of G. Boillat, I-Shis Liu and T.Ruggeri. "Entropy Principle" combines in itself the structural requirement on the form of balance laws of the thermodynamical system (denote such system $(\\mathcal{C})$) and on the entropy balance law with the convexity condition of the entropy density. First of these requirements has pure mathematical form defining so called "supplementary balance laws" (shortly SBL) associated with the original balance system. Vector space of SBL can be considered as a kind of natural "closure" of the original balance system. This space includes the original balance laws, the entropy balance, the balance laws corresponding to the symmetries of the balance system and some other balance equations. We consider the case of Rational Extended Thermodynamics where densities, fluxes and sources of the balance equations do not depend on the derivatives of physical fields $y^i$. We present the basic structures of RET: Lagrange-Liu equations,"main fields", and dual formulation of the balance system. We obtain and start studying the defining system of equations for the density $h^0$ of a supplementary balance law. This overdetermined linear system of PDE of second order determines all the densities $h^0$ and with them, due to the formalism of RET, the fluxes and sources of SBL. Solvability conditions of defining system delivers the constitutive restrictions on the balance equations of the original balance system. We illustrate our results by some simple examples of balance system and by describing all the supplementary balance laws and the constitutive restrictions for the Cattaneo heat propagation system.

  19. ASB Clinical Biomechanics Award 2003 Effect of age on detecting a loss of balance in a seated

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ASB Clinical Biomechanics Award 2003 Effect of age on detecting a loss of balance in a seated whole-body balancing task Alaa A. Ahmed a,*, James A. Ashton-Miller a,b,c a Biomechanics Research Laboratory.05.001 * Corresponding author. Address: Biomechanics Research Labora- tory, Department of Mechanical Engineering

  20. Why Do Voters Dismantle Checks and Balances?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acemoglu, Daron

    2011-07-17

    Voters often dismantle constitutional checks and balances on the executive. If such checks and balances limit presidential abuses of power and rents, why do voters support their removal? We argue that by reducing politician ...

  1. Why Do Voters Dismantle Checks and Balances?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acemoglu, Daron

    Voters often dismantle constitutional checks and balances on the executive. If such checks and balances limit presidential abuses of power and rents, why do voters support their removal? We argue that by reducing politician ...

  2. Entropy balance in holographic superconductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sean A. Hartnoll; Razieh Pourhasan

    2012-05-07

    In systems undergoing second order phase transitions, the temperature integral of the specific heat over temperature from zero to the critical temperature is the same in both the normal and ordered phases. This entropy balance relates the critical temperature to the distribution of degrees of freedom in the normal and ordered states. Quantum criticality and fractionalization can imply an increased number of low energy degrees of freedom in both the normal and ordered states. We explore the role of entropy balance in holographic models of superconductivity, focussing on the interplay between quantum criticality and superconductivity. We consider models with and without a ground state entropy density in the normal phase; the latter models are a new class of holographic superconductors. We explain how a normal phase entropy density manifests itself in the stable superconducting phase.

  3. Balanced pressure gerotor fuel pump

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Raney, Michael Raymond; Maier, Eugen

    2004-08-03

    A gerotor pump for pressurizing gasoline fuel is capable of developing pressures up to 2.0 MPa with good mechanical and volumetric efficiency and satisfying the durability requirements for an automotive fuel pump. The pump has been designed with optimized clearances and by including features that promote the formation of lubricating films of pressurized fuel. Features of the improved pump include the use of a shadow port in the side plate opposite the outlet port to promote balancing of high fuel pressures on the opposite sides of the rotors. Inner and outer rotors have predetermined side clearances with the clearances of the outer rotor being greater than those of the inner rotor in order to promote fuel pressure balance on the sides of the outer rotor. Support of the inner rotor and a drive shaft on a single bushing with bearing sleeves maintains concentricity. Additional features are disclosed.

  4. Understanding the carbon and greenhouse gas balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Understanding the carbon and greenhouse gas balance of forests in Britain Research Report #12;#12;Research Report Understanding the carbon and greenhouse gas balance of forests in Britain Forestry., White, M. and Yamulki, S. (2012). Understanding the carbon and greenhouse gas balance of forests

  5. BALANCE IN NON-ISOTERMAL NON-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Politècnica de Catalunya, Universitat

    WATER MASS BALANCE IN NON- ISOTERMAL NON- SATURATED SOILS Alejandro Blanco #12;ESQUEMA GENERAL desprecio de flujos térmicos. Balance de masa. Ecuación diferencial 1-D Condiciones de contorno superficie. La difusión de vapor debida a gradientes térmicos induce errores en los balances de masa; en

  6. The Balance Constraint Family Christian Bessiere1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walsh, Toby

    The Balance Constraint Family Christian Bessiere1 , Emmanuel Hebrard2 , George Katsirelos3 , Zeynep NICTA and University of New South Wales, email: toby.walsh@nicta.com.au Abstract. The BALANCE constraint introduced by Beldiceanu ensures solutions are balanced. This is useful when, for example

  7. A DELICATE BALANCE ELA 4000, SPRING 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Gregory G.

    1 A DELICATE BALANCE ELA 4000, SPRING 2006 MR 11:00 am - 12:15 pm Instructor: Office: Phone: Email Overview: A Delicate Balance is the "capstone" course of your general education program. In Images people in different times and cultures measured nature. In A Delicate Balance, we will examine several

  8. A DELICATE BALANCE ELA 4000, FALL 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Gregory G.

    A DELICATE BALANCE ELA 4000, FALL 2005 MR 11:00 am - 12:15 pm Instructor: Office: Phone: Email-1:45 pm; Thur. 1-3 pm; or by appointment. Course Overview: A Delicate Balance is the capstone course of informing public policy in order to address these pressing environmental concerns. A Delicate Balance

  9. Motivation: Three primary means of bipedal balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruina, Andy L.

    Motivation: · Three primary means of bipedal balance: · 1) Foot placement 2) Ankle torque 3) Body: · Attempt to balance the Cornell Ranger using only hip torque Theoretical Bound: · Find upper bound Bipedal Balance with Small Feet Matthew P. Kelly, Andy Ruina Mechanical Engineering, Cornell Realistic

  10. The Science of Global Warming Energy Balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blais, Brian

    The Science of Global Warming ·Energy Balance ·Feedback Loops Global Warming can be understood complexities ·Introduce a Simple Model of Energy Balance ·Understand the Vocabulary ·Point out some units of energy input from the Sun = Temperature: 5.3 oC Greenhouse Effect 101: A Balance is Achieved

  11. Energy Balanced Chain in Distributed Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howitt, Ivan

    Energy Balanced Chain in Distributed Sensor Networks Ivan Howitt Electrical & Computer Engineering because of their higher traffic. This paper suggests an energy balanced chain (EBC) which can efficiently the energy balance optimization problem in terms of the segmentation space. By adjusting the transmission

  12. Urban Microclimate, a Study of Energy Balance and Fluid Dynamics /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yaghoobian, Neda

    2013-01-01

    The International Urban Energy Balance Models ComparisonT. Williamson, Urban surface energy balance models: modelof the international urban energy balance model comparison,

  13. Multiscale modeling of spatially variable water and energy balance processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Famiglietti, J. S; Wood, E. F

    1994-01-01

    MULTISCALE WATER AND ENERGY BALANCE MODELING Wood, E. F. ,spatially variable water and energy balance processes J. S.modeling. Water and energy balance models are developed at

  14. How is the balance between protein synthesis and degradation achieved?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rothman, Stephen

    2010-01-01

    as: Rothman, How is the balance between protein synthesisAccess Research How is the balance between protein synthesisstate concentrations. Balance between them is achieved

  15. The Pursuit of Balance in Sequential Randomized Trials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guiteras, Raymond P.; Levine, David I.; Polley, Thomas H.

    2015-01-01

    2003). “The pursuit of balance using stratified and dynamicThe Pursuit of Balance in Sequential Randomized Trials ?Mikel (2001). “Randomization, balance, and the validity and

  16. Quantifying mass balance processes on the Southern Patagonia Icefield

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    distributed glacier mass balance for the Swiss Alps from re-al. : Quantifying mass balance processes on the SPI Glaciarand future surface mass balance of the Northern Patagonian

  17. Magnetostrophic balance as the optimal state for turbulent magnetoconvection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    King, EM; Aurnou, JM

    2015-01-01

    that the magnetostrophic balance is no longer attained (Magnetostrophic balance as the optimal state for turbulentLorentz and Coriolis forces balance. One can estimate the

  18. Multiscale modeling of spatially variable water and energy balance processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Famiglietti, JS; Wood, EF

    1994-01-01

    MULTISCALE WATER AND ENERGY BALANCE MODELING Wood, E. F. ,MULTISCALE WATER AND ENERGY BALANCE MODELING cess runoff,models of water and energy balance, Ph.D. dissertation,

  19. Urban Microclimate, a Study of Energy Balance and Fluid Dynamics /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yaghoobian, Neda

    2013-01-01

    The International Urban Energy Balance Models ComparisonT. Williamson, Urban surface energy balance models: modelthree-dimensional urban energy balance model for studying

  20. Multiscale modeling of spatially variable water and energy balance processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Famiglietti, J. S; Wood, E. F

    1994-01-01

    AND WOOD: MULTISCALE WATER AND ENERGY BALANCE MODELING Wood,of spatially variable water and energy balance processes J.hydrological modeling. Water and energy balance models are

  1. Grid Net | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View New PagesInformation RegionalGreenvironmentNet Jump to:

  2. Balancing oil and environment... responsibly.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weimer, Walter C.; Teske, Lisa

    2007-01-25

    Balancing Oil and Environment…Responsibly As the price of oil continues to skyrocket and global oil production nears the brink, pursuing unconventional oil supplies, such as oil shale, oil sands, heavy oils, and oils from biomass and coal has become increasingly attractive. Of particular significance to the American way is that our continent has significant quantities of these resources. Tapping into these new resources, however, requires cutting-edge technologies for identification, production, processing and environmental management. This job needs a super hero or two for a job of this size and proportion…

  3. Balance Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAandAmminex AAustriaBiofuels Brasil JumpGeorgia: EnergyBaker,BalBalance

  4. Lithium Balance | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History ViewInformationWindsCompressedList ofBalance Jump to: navigation,

  5. Recycling Authorizations: Toward Secondary and Approximate Authorizations Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of matching best suitable approximate authorizations. 1 Introduction Although, every authorization decision

  6. Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 7, 607614, 2007 www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/7/607/2007/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 7, 607­614, 2007 www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/7/607/2007/ © Author(s) 2007. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences A probabilistic approach for earthquake hazard assessment of the Province of Eskis¸ehir, Turkey A

  7. Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 6, 553561, 2006 www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/6/553/2006/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 6, 553­561, 2006 www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/6/553/2006/ © Author(s) 2006. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Natural Hazards and Earth System Introduction Risk consists of hazard and vulnerability. We can define "hazard" like "a threatening event

  8. Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 6, 471483, 2006 www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/6/471/2006/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 6, 471­483, 2006 www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/6/471/2006/ © Author(s) 2006. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences Integrating public risk perception into formal natural hazard risk assessment Th. Plattner1, T

  9. Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 6, 637651, 2006 www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/6/637/2006/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 6, 637­651, 2006 www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/6/637/2006/ © Author(s) 2006. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Natural Hazards and Earth System Hazards and Landscape (BFW), Department of Natural Hazards and Alpine Timberline, Innsbruck, Austria 3

  10. Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 7, 283288, 2007 www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/7/283/2007/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 7, 283­288, 2007 www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/7/283/2007/ © Author(s) 2007. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences Physical vulnerability modelling in natural hazard risk assessment J. Douglas BRGM ­ ARN/RIS, 3

  11. Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 13, 19291943, 2013 www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/13/1929/2013/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 13, 1929­1943, 2013 www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/13/1929/2013/ doi:10.5194/nhess-13-1929-2013 © Author(s) 2013. CC Attribution 3.0 License. cess Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences OpenAccess A method for multi-hazard mapping in poorly known volcanic areas

  12. Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 7, 495506, 2007 www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/7/495/2007/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 7, 495­506, 2007 www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/7/495/2007/ © Author(s) 2007. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Natural Hazards and Earth System as a function of the hazard, the elements at risk and the vul- nerability. From a natural sciences perspective

  13. Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 6, 293302, 2006 www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/6/293/2006/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 6, 293­302, 2006 www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/6/293/2006/ © Author(s) 2006. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences A conceptual approach to the use of Cost Benefit and Multi Criteria Analysis in natural hazard

  14. Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 6, 779802, 2006 www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/6/779/2006/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 6, 779­802, 2006 www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/6/779/2006/ © Author(s) 2006. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Natural Hazards and Earth System actions or events. Within the project "CEDIM ­ Risk Map Germany ­ Man-made Hazards" it is intended

  15. Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 6, 185193, 2006 www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/6/185/2006/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 6, 185­193, 2006 www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/6/185/2006/ © Author(s) 2006. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences Geomorphological mapping and geophysical profiling for the evaluation of natural hazards

  16. Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 7, 185193, 2007 www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/7/185/2007/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 7, 185­193, 2007 www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/7/185/2007/ © Author(s) 2007. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences Validation of landslide hazard assessment by means of GPS monitoring technique ­ a case study

  17. Supplement of Geosci. Model Dev., 7, 12511269, 2014 http://www.geosci-model-dev.net/7/1251/2014/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malhi, Yadvinder

    Supplement of Geosci. Model Dev., 7, 1251­1269, 2014 http://www.geosci-model-dev.net/7/1251/2014/ doi:10.5194/gmd-7-1251-2014-supplement © Author(s) 2014. CC Attribution 3.0 License. Supplement et al. Correspondence to: N. M. Fyllas (nfyllas@gmail.com) #12;1 Supplement S1: The Trait

  18. City of St. George- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The St. George City Council adopted a net-metering program for area utilities, including interconnection procedures, in October 2005.* The interconnection procedures include different requirements,...

  19. The Energy Balance of Corn Ethanol: An Update. By Hosein Shapouri, James A. Duffield, and Michael Wang. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Office of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patzek, Tadeusz W.

    #12;The Energy Balance of Corn Ethanol: An Update. By Hosein Shapouri, James A. Duffield estimated the net energy value (NEV) of corn ethanol. However, variations in data and assumptions used among variation and develops a more consistent estimate. We conclude that the NEV of corn ethanol has been rising

  20. Feasibility of Achieving a Zero-Net-Energy, Zero-Net-Cost Homes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Beaini, S.

    2010-01-01

    for  any net energy consumption with solar panels, the cost solar orientation, the variability in  energy consumption 

  1. Clim. Past, 9, 825840, 2013 www.clim-past.net/9/825/2013/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    Clim. Past, 9, 825­840, 2013 www.clim-past.net/9/825/2013/ doi:10.5194/cp-9-825-2013 © Author of sedimentary events (SEs): light- coloured massive layers and dark-coloured graded beds. Op- tical analysis BP. Dark- coloured SEs develop high-amplitude reflections in front of the deltas and in the deep

  2. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7, 45134526, 2007 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/7/4513/2007/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    atmospheric data and radiation recorded above roof level as forcing. Here, the authors validate Martilli with wall, road, and roof surface temperatures gave good results. The model correctly simulates the net the turbulence length scale and exchange co- efficient based on wall-area density. For models with higher- order

  3. Atmos. Meas. Tech., 7, 44314444, 2014 www.atmos-meas-tech.net/7/4431/2014/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldstein, Allen

    Atmos. Meas. Tech., 7, 4431­4444, 2014 www.atmos-meas-tech.net/7/4431/2014/ doi:10.5194/amt-7-4431-2014 © Author(s) 2014. CC Attribution 3.0 License. Development of an automated high-temperature valveless@aerosol.us) Received: 22 May 2014 ­ Published in Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss.: 23 July 2014 Revised: 27 October 2014

  4. Atmos. Meas. Tech., 7, 43674385, 2014 www.atmos-meas-tech.net/7/4367/2014/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaboureau, Jean-Pierre

    Atmos. Meas. Tech., 7, 4367­4385, 2014 www.atmos-meas-tech.net/7/4367/2014/ doi:10.5194/amt-7-4367-2014 © Author(s) 2014. CC Attribution 3.0 License. Towards IASI-New Generation (IASI-NG): impact of improved ­ Published in Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss.: 19 December 2013 Revised: 29 September 2014 ­ Accepted: 7 October

  5. EHS-Net Cooling Study EHS-Net Cooling Study Protocol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EHS-Net Cooling Study 1 EHS-Net Cooling Study Protocol 1. Title EHS-Net Cooling Study 2. Research of foodborne illness in foodservice establishments. Improper cooling significantly contributes to the overall temperature abuse opportunities. The purpose of this study is to collect descriptive data on cooling policies

  6. Presented by SensorNet: The New Science of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .S. Department of Energy DeNap_SensorNet_SC10 SensorNet Collection Processing DisseminationSecurity Knowledge requirements Regulations Technology Intelligent Real world #12;3 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy DeNap_SensorNet_SC10 SensorNet SensorNet is ORNL's research in sensor network interoperability

  7. Balance Systems and the Variational Bicomplex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Serge Preston

    2011-07-09

    In this work we show that the systems of balance equations (balance systems) of continuum thermodynamics occupy a natural place in the variational bicomplex formalism. We apply the vertical homotopy decomposition to get a local splitting (in a convenient domain) of a general balance system as the sum of a Lagrangian part and a complemental "pure non-Lagrangian" balance system. In the case when derivatives of the dynamical fields do not enter the constitutive relations of the balance system, the "pure non-Lagrangian" systems coincide with the systems introduced by S. Godunov [Soviet Math. Dokl. 2 (1961), 947-948] and, later, asserted as the canonical hyperbolic form of balance systems in [M\\"uller I., Ruggeri T., Rational extended thermodynamics, 2nd ed., Springer Tracts in Natural Philosophy, Vol. 37, Springer-Verlag, New York, 1998].

  8. Feasibility of Achieving a Zero-Net-Energy, Zero-Net-Cost Homes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Beaini, S.; Borgeson, S.; Coffery, B.; Gregory, D.; Konis, K.; Scown, C.; Simjanovic, J.; Stanley, J.; Strogen, B.; Walker, I.

    2009-09-01

    A green building competition, to be known as the Energy Free Home Challenge (EFHC), is scheduled to be opened to teams around the world in 2010. This competition will encourage both design innovation and cost reduction, by requiring design entries to meet 'zero net energy' and 'zero net cost' criteria. For the purposes of this competition, a 'zero net energy' home produces at least as much energy as it purchases over the course of a year, regardless of the time and form of the energy (e.g., electricity, heat, or fuel) consumed or produced. A 'zero net cost' home is no more expensive than a traditional home of comparable size and comfort, when evaluated over the course of a 30-year mortgage. In other words, the 'green premium' must have a payback period less than 30 years, based on the value of energy saved. The overarching goal of the competition is to develop affordable, high-performance homes that can be mass-produced at a large scale, and are able to meet occupant needs in harsh climates (as can be found where the competition will be held in Illinois). This report outlines the goals of the competition, and gauges their feasibility using both modeling results and published data. To ensure that the established rules are challenging, yet reasonable, this report seeks to refine the competition goals after exploring their feasibility through case studies, cost projections, and energy modeling. The authors of this report conducted a survey of the most progressive home energy-efficiency practices expected to appear in competition design submittals. In Appendix A, a summary can be found of recent projects throughout the United States, Canada, Germany, Switzerland, Sweden and Japan, where some of the most progressive technologies have been implemented. As with past energy efficient home projects, EFHC competitors will incorporate a multitude of energy efficiency measures into their home designs. The authors believe that the cost of electricity generated by home generation technologies will continue to exceed the price of US grid electricity in almost all locations. Strategies to minimize whole-house energy demand generally involve some combination of the following measures: optimization of surface (area) to volume ratio; optimization of solar orientation; reduction of envelope loads; systems-based engineering of high efficiency HVAC components, and on-site power generation. A 'Base Case' home energy model was constructed, to enable the team to quantitatively evaluate the merits of various home energy efficiency measures. This Base Case home was designed to have an energy use profile typical of most newly constructed homes in the Champaign-Urbana, Illinois area, where the competition is scheduled to be held. The model was created with the EnergyGauge USA software package, a front-end for the DOE-2 building energy simulation tool; the home is a 2,000 square foot, two-story building with an unconditioned basement, gas heating, a gas hot-water heater, and a family of four. The model specifies the most significant details of a home that can impact its energy use, including location, insulation values, air leakage, heating/cooling systems, lighting, major appliances, hot water use, and other plug loads. EFHC contestants and judges should pay special attention to the Base Case model's defined 'service characteristics' of home amenities such as lighting and appliances. For example, a typical home refrigerator is assumed to have a built-in freezer, automatic (not manual) defrost, and an interior volume of 26 cubic feet. The Base Case home model is described in more detail in Section IV and Appendix B.

  9. Account Balance $0 to $999.99

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Jonathan

    Account Balance $0 to $999.99 $1,000 to $2,499.99 $2,500 to $14,999.99 $15,000 + Deposit Account Rate Schedule Health Savings Account Current Interest Rates - 4 Tier: 0.25% to 1.00% Account balances to those portions of the minimum daily ledger balance within each tier. This results in a blended APY based

  10. A generalized detailed balance relation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Ruelle

    2015-10-28

    Given a system $M$ in a thermal bath we obtain a generalized detailed balance relation for the ratio $r=\\pi_\\tau(K\\to J)/\\pi_\\tau(J\\to K)$ of the transition probabilities $M:J\\to K$ and $M:K\\to J$ in time $\\tau$. We assume an active bath, containing solute molecules in metastable states. These molecules may react with $M$ and the transition $J\\to K$ occurs through different channels $\\alpha$ involving different reactions with the bath. We find that $r=\\sum p^\\alpha r^\\alpha$, where $p^\\alpha$ is the probability that channel $\\alpha$ occurs, and $r^\\alpha$ depends on the amount of heat (more precisely enthalpy) released to the bath in channel $\\alpha$.

  11. Device for balancing parallel strings

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mashikian, Matthew S. (Storrs, CT)

    1985-01-01

    A battery plant is described which features magnetic circuit means in association with each of the battery strings in the battery plant for balancing the electrical current flow through the battery strings by equalizing the voltage across each of the battery strings. Each of the magnetic circuit means generally comprises means for sensing the electrical current flow through one of the battery strings, and a saturable reactor having a main winding connected electrically in series with the battery string, a bias winding connected to a source of alternating current and a control winding connected to a variable source of direct current controlled by the sensing means. Each of the battery strings is formed by a plurality of batteries connected electrically in series, and these battery strings are connected electrically in parallel across common bus conductors.

  12. Balancing Area Coordination: Efficiently Integrating Renewable...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    integration of variable renewable energy (VRE), such as wind and solar, into power systems. This efficiency is achieved by sharing or coordinating balancing resources and...

  13. Zero Net Energy Myths and Modes of Thought

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajkovich, Nicholas B.

    2010-01-01

    mypp.html. ———. (2009). "Net-Zero Energy CommercialZero Net Energy Myths and Modes of Thought  Nicholas B.  AC02? 05CH11231. Page | i Zero Net Energy Myths and Modes of

  14. Net Zero Waste - Tools and Technical Support ...and other observations...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Net Zero Waste - Tools and Technical Support ...and other observations Net Zero Waste - Tools and Technical Support ...and other observations Presentation at Waste-to-Energy using...

  15. Lessons Learned from Net Zero Energy Assessments and Renewable...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Lessons Learned from Net Zero Energy Assessments and Renewable Energy Projects at Military Installations Lessons Learned from Net Zero Energy Assessments and Renewable Energy...

  16. Designing Hawaii's First LEED Platinum Net Zero Community: Kaupuni...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Designing Hawaii's First LEED Platinum Net Zero Community: Kaupuni Village Designing Hawaii's First LEED Platinum Net Zero Community: Kaupuni Village U.S. Department of Energy...

  17. Army Net Zero: Guide to Renewable Energy Conservation Investment...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Army Net Zero: Guide to Renewable Energy Conservation Investment Program (ECIP) Projects Army Net Zero: Guide to Renewable Energy Conservation Investment Program (ECIP) Projects...

  18. Best Practices for Controlling Capital Costs in Net Zero Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Best Practices for Controlling Capital Costs in Net Zero Energy Design and Construction - 2014 BTO Peer Review Best Practices for Controlling Capital Costs in Net Zero Energy...

  19. Horava-Lifshitz gravity with detailed balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniele Vernieri; Thomas P. Sotiriou

    2012-12-18

    Horava-Lifshitz gravity with "detailed balance" but without the projectability assumption is discussed. It is shown that detailed balance is quite efficient in limiting the proliferation of couplings in Horava-Lifshitz gravity, and that its implementation without the projectability assumption leads to a theory with sensible dynamics. However, the (bare) cosmological constant is restricted to be large and negative.

  20. ARM Energy Balance Bowen Ratio (EBBR) station: surf. heat flux and related data, 30-min

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Cook, David

    The Energy Balance Bowen Ratio (EBBR) system produces 30-min estimates of the vertical fluxes of sensible and latent heat at the local surface. Flux estimates are calculated from observations of net radiation, soil surface heat flux, and the vertical gradients of temperature and relative humidity. Meteorological data collected by the EBBR are used to calculate bulk aerodynamic fluxes, which are used in the Bulk Aerodynamic Technique (BA) EBBR value-added product (VAP) to replace sunrise and sunset spikes in the flux data. A unique aspect of the system is the automatic exchange mechanism (AEM), which helps to reduce errors from instrument offset drift.

  1. OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY MEDICAL AUTHORITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY MEDICAL AUTHORITY June 30, 2010 #12;OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY MEDICAL Authority Members Oklahoma State University Medical Authority Tulsa, Oklahoma We have audited the accompanying statements of financial position of the Oklahoma State University Medical Authority (the

  2. OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY MEDICAL AUTHORITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY MEDICAL AUTHORITY June 30, 2009 #12;OKLAHOMA STATE UNIVERSITY MEDICAL Authority Members Oklahoma State University Medical Authority Tulsa, Oklahoma We have audited the accompanying statements of financial position of the Oklahoma State University Medical Authority (the

  3. Deficiency Zero Petri Nets and Product Form

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mairesse, Jean

    2009-01-01

    Consider a Markovian Petri net with race policy. The marking process has a "product form" stationary distribution if the probability of viewing a given marking can be decomposed as the product over places of terms depending only on the local marking. First we observe that the Deficiency Zero Theorem of Feinberg, developped for chemical reaction networks, provides a structural and simple sufficient condition for the existence of a product form. In view of this, we study the classical subclass of free-choice nets. Roughly, we show that the only such Petri nets having a product form are the state machines which can alternatively be viewed as Jackson networks.

  4. CBE Lab Tips **How to clean a balance**

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    CBE Lab Tips **How to clean a balance** Proper cleaning and maintenance of our analytical balances, although it appears there was an attempt to clean the surface, there is still ample residue on the balance. Follow these tips: · Use one of the small balance brushes to lightly sweep residue from the balance

  5. OXALATE MASS BALANCE DURING CHEMICAL CLEANING IN TANK 6F

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poirier, M.; Fink, S.

    2011-07-22

    The Savannah River Remediation (SRR) is preparing Tank 6F for closure. The first step in preparing the tank for closure is mechanical sludge removal. Following mechanical sludge removal, SRS performed chemical cleaning with oxalic acid to remove the sludge heel. Personnel are currently assessing the effectiveness of the chemical cleaning to determine whether the tank is ready for closure. SRR personnel collected liquid samples during chemical cleaning and submitted them to Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) for analysis. Following chemical cleaning, they collected a solid sample (also known as 'process sample') and submitted it to SRNL for analysis. The authors analyzed these samples to assess the effectiveness of the chemical cleaning process. Analysis of the anions showed the measured oxalate removed from Tank 6F to be approximately 50% of the amount added in the oxalic acid. To close the oxalate mass balance, the author collected solid samples, leached them with nitric acid, and measured the concentration of cations and anions in the leachate. Some conclusions from this work are: (1) Approximately 65% of the oxalate added as oxalic acid was removed with the decanted liquid. (2) Approximately 1% of the oxalate (added to the tank as oxalic acid) formed precipitates with compounds such as nickel, manganese, sodium, and iron (II), and was dissolved with nitric acid. (3) As much as 30% of the oxalate may have decomposed forming carbon dioxide. The balance does not fully account for all the oxalate added. The offset represents the combined uncertainty in the analyses and sampling.

  6. Achieving Net Zero: Climate Change & Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, Michael R.

    Achieving Net Zero: Climate Change & Sustainability University of California, Irvine #12 & Energy Services Coordinator, Facilities Management Tanya Harris - A/P Administrative Specialist in environmental stewardship for decades. Operational staff began implementing progressive programs for energy

  7. Collective Impact for Zero Net Energy Homes

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Home Energy Star Certified New Home Building America Goal: High-Performance Zero Net-Energy Ready New & Existing Homes ZNER NewExist. Home Low HERS Code New Home Building...

  8. Farmington Electric Utility System- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Farmington Electric, a municipal utility, offers net metering to residential customers with systems up to 10 kilowatts (kW) in capacity. This option is available for photovoltaic (PV), wind, hydro...

  9. Definition of a 'Zero Net Energy' Community

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carlisle, N.; Van Geet, O.; Pless, S.

    2009-11-01

    This document provides a definition for a net zero-energy community. A community that offsets all of its energy use from renewables available within the community's built environment.

  10. Murray City Power- Net Metering Pilot Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Under a pilot program, Murray City Power offers net metering to customers that generate electricity using photovoltaic (PV), wind-electric or hydroelectric systems with a maximum capacity of 10...

  11. ,"U.S. Blender Net Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    586-8800",,,"10272015 12:31:57 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Blender Net Production" "Sourcekey","MEP00YPBNUSMBBL","MGFRZNUS1","MGRRZNUS1","MG1RZNUS1","MEPM0...

  12. ,"U.S. Refinery Net Production"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    586-8800",,,"10272015 12:31:05 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: U.S. Refinery Net Production" "Sourcekey","MTTRXNUS1","MLPRXNUS1","METRXNUS1","MENRXNUS1","MEYRXNUS1","...

  13. Feasibility of Achieving a Zero-Net-Energy, Zero-Net-Cost Homes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Beaini, S.

    2010-01-01

    energy graph from the  BEopt software, superimposed with Figure 24).     Figure 23: BEopt zero?net?energy chart superimposed (red)  (NREL BEopt: Software for Identifying 

  14. Seismic Deployments and Experiments: PeruNet, GeoNet, and SeismoPhone.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01

    Networked Sensing Seismic Deployments and Experiments:PeruNet: Installing a UCLA seismic line in Latin Americadata quality controll •Seismic tomography to reveal slab

  15. Balance Calibration – A Method for Assigning a Direct-Reading Uncertainty to an Electronic Balance.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mike Stears

    2010-07-01

    Paper Title: Balance Calibration – A method for assigning a direct-reading uncertainty to an electronic balance. Intended Audience: Those who calibrate or use electronic balances. Abstract: As a calibration facility, we provide on-site (at the customer’s location) calibrations of electronic balances for customers within our company. In our experience, most of our customers are not using their balance as a comparator, but simply putting an unknown quantity on the balance and reading the displayed mass value. Manufacturer’s specifications for balances typically include specifications such as readability, repeatability, linearity, and sensitivity temperature drift, but what does this all mean when the balance user simply reads the displayed mass value and accepts the reading as the true value? This paper discusses a method for assigning a direct-reading uncertainty to a balance based upon the observed calibration data and the environment where the balance is being used. The method requires input from the customer regarding the environment where the balance is used and encourages discussion with the customer regarding sources of uncertainty and possible means for improvement; the calibration process becomes an educational opportunity for the balance user as well as calibration personnel. This paper will cover the uncertainty analysis applied to the calibration weights used for the field calibration of balances; the uncertainty is calculated over the range of environmental conditions typically encountered in the field and the resulting range of air density. The temperature stability in the area of the balance is discussed with the customer and the temperature range over which the balance calibration is valid is decided upon; the decision is based upon the uncertainty needs of the customer and the desired rigor in monitoring by the customer. Once the environmental limitations are decided, the calibration is performed and the measurement data is entered into a custom spreadsheet. The spreadsheet uses measurement results, along with the manufacturer’s specifications, to assign a direct-read measurement uncertainty to the balance. The fact that the assigned uncertainty is a best-case uncertainty is discussed with the customer; the assigned uncertainty contains no allowance for contributions associated with the unknown weighing sample, such as density, static charges, magnetism, etc. The attendee will learn uncertainty considerations associated with balance calibrations along with one method for assigning an uncertainty to a balance used for non-comparison measurements.

  16. Development of Energy Balances for the State of California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murtishaw, Scott; Price, Lynn; de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Masanet, Eric; Worrell, Ernst; Sahtaye, Jayant

    2005-01-01

    Energy Agency, 2003a. Energy Balances of OECD Countries.Energy Agency, 2003b. Energy Balances of Non-OECD Countries.phase for the California energy balance for 2000 (

  17. NITROGEN BALANCE IN INTENSIVE AGRICULTURE IN THE NORTH CHINA PLAIN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Yuming; Hu, Chunsheng; Zhang, Jiabao; Chen, Deli

    2009-01-01

    differences in the soil water balance under perennial and1.8m) by the soil water balance (SWB) model (Heng et al.conducted. The soil water balance was calculated on a daily

  18. District-school leadership for organizational learning : finding the balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Umekubo, Lisa Ann

    2012-01-01

    Learning: Finding the Balance Lisa A. Umekubo, a researcher/Learning: Finding the Balance CVESD has made an impact byLearning: Finding the Balance CVESD has made an impact by

  19. A reconciled estimate of ice-sheet mass balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01

    Estimate of Ice-Sheet Mass Balance Andrew Shepherd, 1 * Erikand models of surface mass balance and glacial isostaticThis Ice Sheet Mass Balance Exercise (IMBIE) was facilitated

  20. Development of Energy Balances for the State of California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murtishaw, Scott; Price, Lynn; de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Masanet, Eric; Worrell, Ernst; Sahtaye, Jayant

    2005-01-01

    Energy Agency, 2003a. Energy Balances of OECD Countries.Energy Agency, 2003b. Energy Balances of Non-OECD Countries.for constructing the energy balance flow chart (Figure 1).

  1. Surface Energy Balance of the Taylor Glacier, Antarctica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bliss, Andrew

    2005-01-01

    G. L. Dana. Surface energy balance and meltwater productionice sheet: a comparison of energy-balance and a degree-dayvariations in the surface energy balance of haut glacier d’

  2. Notes for Math 450 Stochastic Petri nets and reactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feres, Renato

    are a special class of networks, introduced in 1962 by Carl Adam Petri, that provide a convenient languageNotes for Math 450 Stochastic Petri nets and reactions Renato Feres 1 Petri nets Petri nets of the terms used in our discussion will come from chemical kinetics, an area where Petri nets are widely

  3. Work Authorization System

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2005-04-21

    To establish a work authorization and control process for work performed by designated site and facility management contractors, and other contractors as determined by the procurement executive, consistent with the budget execution and program evaluation requirements of the Department of Energy's (DOE's) Planning, Programming, Budgeting, and Evaluation process. Cancels DOE O 412.1.

  4. Work Authorization System

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    2005-04-21

    To establish a work authorization and control process for work performed by designated site and facility management contractors, and other contractors as determined by the procurement executive, consistent with the budget execution and program evaluation requirements of the Department of Energy's Planning, Programming, Budgeting, and Evaluation process. Admin Chg 1, dated 5-21-2014, cancels DOE O 412.1A.

  5. Work Authorization System

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1999-04-20

    It establishes a work authorization and control process for work performed by designated management and operating (M&O), management and integrating (M&I), environmental restoration management contracts (ERMC) and other contracts determined by the Procurement Executive (hereafter referred to as M&O contractors). Cancels DOE O 5700.7C. Canceled by DOE O 412.1A.

  6. Uniplanar microwave balanced mixers and amplifiers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsu, Pang-Cheng

    1995-01-01

    The completely uniplanar broadband singly balanced diode mixers and FET amplifiers, which utilize coplanar waveguide and slot line as the main transmission lines, are presented. These mixers and amplifiers have several desirable features...

  7. Background-free balanced optical cross correlator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Nejadmalayeri, Amir Hossein; Kaertner, Franz X

    2014-12-23

    A balanced optical cross correlator includes an optical waveguide, a first photodiode including a first n-type semiconductor and a first p-type semiconductor positioned about the optical waveguide on a first side of the optical waveguide's point of symmetry, and a second photodiode including a second n-type semiconductor and a second p-type semiconductor positioned about the optical waveguide on a second side of the optical waveguide's point of symmetry. A balanced receiver including first and second inputs is configured to produce an output current or voltage that reflects a difference in currents or voltages, originating from the first and the second photodiodes of the balanced cross correlator and fed to the first input and to the second input of the balanced receiver.

  8. Work-life balance across the lifecourse 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jamieson, Lynn; Morton, Sarah

    In Summer 2004, CRFR held an international conference to explore work-life balance across the lifecourse. This briefing outlines some of the main issues from the conference, explores what we might learn from international comparisons, and makes...

  9. Ecovillages, Values, and Information Technology: Balancing Sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Richard

    Ecovillages, Values, and Information Technology: Balancing Sustainability with Daily Life in 21st as individuals with explicit value commitments interact with information technology. Specifically, ethnographic methods are being used to investigate the information technology adaptive process as it unfolds

  10. Extreme Balance of System Hardware Cost Reduction

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On September 1, 2011, DOE announced $42.4 million in funding over three years for the Extreme Balance of System Hardware Cost Reduction (BOS-X) funding opportunity. Part of the SunShot Systems...

  11. BalancedScorecardPerfAndMeth.pdf | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1.2 - Balanced Scorecard Performance Assessment Program - (March 2004) Acquisition Guide Chapter 1.3 - Balanced Scorecard Assessment Program - (March 2004) DEPARTMENT OF...

  12. Acquisition Guide Chapter 1.2 - Balanced Scorecard Performance...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    2 - Balanced Scorecard Performance Assessment Program - (March 2004) Acquisition Guide Chapter 1.2 - Balanced Scorecard Performance Assessment Program - (March 2004) This chapter...

  13. IN OTHER CATEGORIES; MACHINERY; MASS BALANCE; MECHANICAL VIBRATIONS...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    world Bracher, B. 42 ENGINEERING NOT INCLUDED IN OTHER CATEGORIES; MACHINERY; MASS BALANCE; MECHANICAL VIBRATIONS; MAINTENANCE; REPAIR Field balancing can achieve significant...

  14. Covariant Balance Laws in Continua with Microstructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arash Yavari; Jerrold E. Marsden

    2008-11-13

    The purpose of this paper is to extend the Green-Naghdi-Rivlin balance of energy method to continua with microstructure. The key idea is to replace the group of Galilean transformations with the group of diffeomorphisms of the ambient space. A key advantage is that one obtains in a natural way all the needed balance laws on both the macro and micro levels along with two Doyle-Erickson formulas.

  15. EIA-930 Hourly and Daily Balancing Authority Operations Reports - Instructions Page

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry Natural GasNatural GasEIA lowers forecast

  16. Report on PhysNet (www.physnet.net) The Physics Portal of the EPS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adler, Joan

    Report on PhysNet (www.physnet.net) The Physics Portal of the EPS Prof. Dr. Dr. Eberhard R. Hilf with professional physics information. It is a fully distributed and open information portal for professional as well as links to other professional portal services for physics and other fields. Upload is the service

  17. EHS-Net Microwave Study EHS-Net Microwave Study Protocol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EHS-Net Microwave Study 1 EHS-Net Microwave Study Protocol Research question Is there any justification for conducting an in-depth study on potential associations between microwave oven usage in food preparation establishments and foodborne illness? Background The use of microwave ovens inherently leads

  18. Organizational Evaluation and Authority 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, Richard W.; Dornbusch, Sanford M.; Busching, Bruce C.; Laing, James D.

    2015-07-21

    condition for internal pressures for change in the authority system--in short, for instability of the system. Both conception and theory are limited in scope to organizations which fulfill these conditions: 1) Organizational sanctions are distributed..., at least in part, on the basis of evaluations made of participants. 2) Evaluators who influence the distribution of organizational sanctions attempt to base their evaluations, at least in part, on the performance of organizational tasks by participants...

  19. Zero Net Energy Myths and Modes of Thought

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rajkovich, Nicholas B.; Diamond, Rick; Burke, Bill

    2010-09-20

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC), and a number of professional organizations have established a target of zero net energy (ZNE) in buildings by 2030. One definition of ZNE is a building with greatly reduced needs for energy through efficiency gains with the balance of energy needs supplied by renewable technologies. The push to ZNE is a response to research indicating that atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases have increased sharply since the eighteenth century, resulting in a gradual warming of the Earth?s climate. A review of ZNE policies reveals that the organizations involved frame the ZNE issue in diverse ways, resulting in a wide variety of myths and a divergent set of epistemologies. With federal and state money poised to promote ZNE, it is timely to investigate how epistemologies, meaning a belief system by which we take facts and convert them into knowledge upon which to take action, and the propagation of myths might affect the outcome of a ZNE program. This paper outlines myths commonly discussed in the energy efficiency and renewable energy communities related to ZNE and describes how each myth is a different way of expressing"the truth." The paper continues by reviewing a number of epistemologies common to energy planning, and concludes that the organizations involved in ZNE should work together to create a"collaborative rationality" for ZNE. Through this collaborative framework it is argued that we may be able to achieve the ZNE and greenhouse gas mitigation targets.

  20. Implications of Internet Architecture upon Net Neutrality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jordan, Scott

    2009-01-01

    courts to give the FCC limited ancillary authority to createsubject to the FCC’s Title I ancillary authority [FCC 2005a,

  1. Ocean Sci., 6, 775787, 2010 www.ocean-sci.net/6/775/2010/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the Pacific Ocean F. M. Bingham1, G. R. Foltz2, and M. J. McPhaden3 1Center for Marine Science, Univ. of North salinity (SLS) is examined in the Pacific Ocean between 40 S and 60 N using a variety of data sourcesOcean Sci., 6, 775­787, 2010 www.ocean-sci.net/6/775/2010/ doi:10.5194/os-6-775-2010 © Author

  2. Chapter 17: Estimating Net Savings: Common Practices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Violette, D. M.; Rathbun, P.

    2014-09-01

    This chapter focuses on the methods used to estimate net energy savings in evaluation, measurement, and verification (EM&V) studies for energy efficiency (EE) programs. The chapter provides a definition of net savings, which remains an unsettled topic both within the EE evaluation community and across the broader public policy evaluation community, particularly in the context of attribution of savings to particular program. The chapter differs from the measure-specific Uniform Methods Project (UMP) chapters in both its approach and work product. Unlike other UMP resources that provide recommended protocols for determining gross energy savings, this chapter describes and compares the current industry practices for determining net energy savings, but does not prescribe particular methods.

  3. Conformal nets III: fusion of defects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arthur Bartels; Christopher L. Douglas; André Henriques

    2015-02-21

    Conformal nets provides a mathematical model for conformal field theory. We define a notion of defect between conformal nets, formalizing the idea of an interaction between two conformal field theories. We introduce an operation of fusion of defects, and prove that the fusion of two defects is again a defect, provided the fusion occurs over a conformal net of finite index. There is a notion of sector (or bimodule) between two defects, and operations of horizontal and vertical fusion of such sectors. Our most difficult technical result is that the horizontal fusion of the vacuum sectors of two defects is isomorphic to the vacuum sector of the fused defect. Equipped with this isomorphism, we construct the basic interchange isomorphism between the horizontal fusion of two vertical fusions and the vertical fusion of two horizontal fusions of sectors.

  4. Supplement of Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 69596969, 2015 http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/15/6959/2015/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierce, Jeffrey

    Supplement of Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 6959­6969, 2015 http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/15/6959/2015/ doi:10.5194/acp-15-6959-2015-supplement © Author(s) 2015. CC Attribution 3.0 License. Supplement@mail.sysu.edu.cn) The copyright of individual parts of the supplement might differ from the CC-BY 3.0 licence. #12;Supplementary

  5. Torsion Balance Search for Lorentz-invariance, Dark

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torsion Balance Search for Lorentz-invariance, Dark Energy and Dark Matter Claire Cramer AAPT of unpolarized matter another particle's spin #12;Torsion balances Coulomb's torsion balance: A high precision-plated · magnetically shielded · 4 mirrors 2.6 cm #12;#12;The torsion balance apparatus feet pendulum magnetic shielding

  6. Mass balance of Vatnajokull outlet glaciers reconstructed back to 1958

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rasmussen, L.A.

    Mass balance of Vatnaj¨okull outlet glaciers reconstructed back to 1958 L. A. Rasmussen Department seasonal components of mass balance of five Vatnaj¨okull outlet glaciers. Over the period of observations of mass balance between 1991 and 2001, it had percentage r2 rang- ing from 41 to 93 for winter balance bw

  7. Measuring Partial Balance in Signed Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aref, Samin

    2015-01-01

    Is the enemy of an enemy necessarily a friend, or a friend of a friend a friend? If not, to what extent does this tend to hold? Such questions were formulated in terms of signed (social) networks and necessary and sufficient conditions for a network to be "balanced" were obtained around 1960. Since then the idea that signed networks tend over time to become more balanced has been widely used in several application areas, such as international relations. However investigation of this hypothesis has been complicated by the lack of a standard measure of partial balance, since complete balance is almost never achieved in practice. We formalise the concept of a measure of partial balance, compare several known measures on real-world and synthetic datasets, as well as investigating their axiomatic properties. We use both well-known datasets from the sociology literature, such as Read's New Guinean tribes, and much more recent ones involving senate bill co-sponsorship. The synthetic data involves both Erd\\H{o}s-R\\'e...

  8. Working and Net Available Shell Storage Capacity

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979Coal Consumers inYear Full report3 Table613)WorkingNetNet

  9. Logical Attestation: An Authorization Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schneider, Fred B.

    , Credentials-Based Authorization 1. Introduction Secure coprocessors, such as industry standard Trusted

  10. Trends and balances: 1985-1990

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1985-01-01

    This is the seventh edition of Trends and Balances to be presented to the staff of Oak Ridge National (ORNL) and other interested parties. Each year at the end of the planning cycle the Laboratory publishes its official planning document, the Institutional Plan. Trends and Balances is brought out as a condensation of that more formal document and is intended to provide a reference to the kinds of plans that have occupied senior laboratory management over the past year. An institution as large as ORNL changes slowly, so some of the information in this document overlaps that contained in the previous edition of Trends and Balances. Much, however, is different. A new section, for example, describes what senior Laboratory management feels are five new directions for science and technology at ORNL. This document is intended to provide new insights into the programs and structure of the Laboratory.

  11. Optimal Technology Investment and Operation in Zero-Net-Energy Buildings with Demand Response

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadler, Michael

    2009-01-01

    and Operation in Zero-Net- Energy Buildings with Demandand Operation in Zero-Net-Energy Buildings with Demandhas launched the Zero-Net- Energy (ZNE) Commercial Building

  12. State authorization manual. Volume 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brugler-Jones, S.

    1990-10-01

    The State Authorization Manual (SAM) (Vol. I) provides guidance for States applying for program revisions to their authorized RCRA State program. The SAM is an updated version of the 1988 State Consolidated RCRA Authorization Manual (SCRAM). It focuses on program revision applications rather than initial applications since most States have received initial authorization for the RCRA program. The SCRAM should continue to be used to assist States not yet authorized under the RCRA program.

  13. Bragg Experimental SensorNet Testbed (BEST)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gorman, Bryan

    2010-01-25

    The principal causative objectives of BEST were to consolidate the 9-1-1 and emergency response services into an Integrated Incident Management Center (I2MC) and to establish an 'Interoperability framework' based on SensorNet protocols to allow additional components to be added to the I2MC over time.

  14. ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE PLANNING PROBLEMS PETRI NET FRAMEWORK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antsaklis, Panos

    ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE PLANNING PROBLEMS IN A PETRI NET FRAMEWORK K.M Passino and PJ. Antsaluis defined and then used to model a class of Artificial Intelligence planning problems. A planning stegy. As an iJlustration of the results three Artificial Intelligence planning problems are modelled and soved

  15. Chow's Team Petri Net Models discrete event

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaber, David B.

    ", and "high" plate contents CELISCA: collection of physiology data based on NCSU prototype Output1 CELISCA: collection of physiology data based on New NCSU prototype Output2 #12;k Chow's Team Petri Net Models ­ discrete event stochastic models (set fixed time interval updates

  16. The BLOOMhouse:Zero Net Energy Housing 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garrison, M.; Krepart, R.; Randall, S.; Novoselac, A.

    2008-01-01

    The 2007 University of Texas Solar Decathlon House is called the BLOOMhouse because it represents the “seed” of new ideas for zero net energy housing. The University of Texas student team developed a prefabricated 7.9 kW stand-alone solar...

  17. Compositional construction and analysis of Petri net systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rojas, Isabel C.

    Most Petri net (PN) based modelling formalisms represent the system modelled as a flat net. This may not clearly reflect the elements that participate in the system and the way they communicate or interact. It can also ...

  18. Feasibility of Achieving a Zero-Net-Energy, Zero-Net-Cost Homes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Beaini, S.

    2010-01-01

    home s in the area:  Web?site: http://www.zerohouse.net/   Description:  zeroHouse is a prefabricated home was built using a Structural Insulated Panels (SIP) wall system.   Prefabricated 

  19. Feasibility of Achieving a Zero-Net-Energy, Zero-Net-Cost Homes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Beaini, S.

    2010-01-01

    house.  The  building was built by a local manufacturer of prefabricated house)  Energy savings compared to other home s in the area:  Web?site: http://www.zerohouse.net/   Description:  zeroHouse is a prefabricated 

  20. Putting high-level Petri nets to work in industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Aalst, Wil

    and an extensive bibli- ography the reader is referred to Murata 17]. The classical Petri net is a directe

  1. Transportation Security SensorNet: A Service Oriented Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kansas, University of

    Transportation Security SensorNet: A Service Oriented Architecture for Cargo Monitoring Martin..........................................................................................................5 E. Globus - Open Grid Services Architecture

  2. An unconventional method for load balancing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deng, Y.; McCoy, R.A.; Marr, R.B.

    1995-12-01

    A new method of load balancing is introduced based on the idea of dynamically relocating virtual processes corresponding to computations on an abstract system with a larger number of processors. The algorithm introduced preserves the locality of nearest neighbor interactions and has been tested on simulated data and a molecular dynamics code.

  3. An unconventional method for load balancing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deng, Y.; McCoy, R.A.; Marr, R.B.; Peierls, R.F.

    1995-08-01

    A new method of load balancing is introduced based on the idea of dynamically relocating virtual processes corresponding to computations on an abstract system with a large number of processors. The algorithm introduced preserves the locality of nearest neighbor interactions and has been tested on simulated data and a molecular dynamics code.

  4. Detailed balance analysis of nanophotonic solar cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fan, Shanhui

    Detailed balance analysis of nanophotonic solar cells Sunil Sandhu, Zongfu Yu, and Shanhui Fan-voltage characteristic modeling of nanophotonic solar cells. This approach takes into account the intrinsic material non-idealities, and is useful for determining the theoretical limit of solar cell efficiency for a given structure. Our approach

  5. 3. Energy conversion, balances, efficiency, equilibrium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zevenhoven, Ron

    1/124 3. Energy conversion, balances, efficiency, equilibrium (Introduction to Thermodynamics) Ron and Flow Engineering | 20500 Turku | Finland 2/124 3.1: Energy Åbo Akademi University | Thermal and Flow Engineering | 20500 Turku | Finland #12;3/124 What is energy? /1 "Energy is any quantity that changes

  6. Balanced Codon Usage Optimizes Eukaryotic Translational Efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Jianzhi

    Balanced Codon Usage Optimizes Eukaryotic Translational Efficiency Wenfeng Qian1 , Jian-Rong Yang1, Guangzhou, China Abstract Cellular efficiency in protein translation is an important fitness determinant and that translational efficiency is maximized by the exclusive use of rapidly translated codons. Here we estimate

  7. Energy Balance and Emissions Associated with Biochar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lehmann, Johannes

    emissions of optimizing a slow pyrolysis-based bioenergy system for biochar and energy production rather pyrolysis systems produce some char as a product. In this paper we refer to this material as biochar (whichEnergy Balance and Emissions Associated with Biochar Sequestration and Pyrolysis Bioenergy

  8. Wind Integration Program: Balancing the Future

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Wind Integration Program: Balancing the Future Initial Discussions 3072012 2 B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N Background BPA has implemented a number...

  9. State of balance of the cryosphere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Veen, Cornelis J.

    1991-12-05

    of the retreat. The interior part of the Greenland ice sheet appears to be thickening or in near equilibrium, but this ice sheet may be thinning in the coastal areas. Estimates of the mass balance of the Antarctic ice sheet suggest that it is positive, although...

  10. Producing Network Applications Using ObjectOriented Petri Nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lakos, Charles

    Producing Network Applications Using Object­Oriented Petri Nets by Glenn Anthony Lewis Thesis of such systems. The Petri net formalism [Petri 1962] can be used for the design, specification, simulation, verification, validation and implementation of concurrent systems. Object Petri Nets (OPNs) [Lakos 1994

  11. Modeling biological systems using Petri nets wimbos@gmail.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Theune, Mariët

    to Petri nets, they allow for different abstraction levels, making it possible to model biological networksModeling biological systems using Petri nets Wim Bos wimbos@gmail.com ABSTRACT Petri Nets (PNs) biological systems, or networks. As a lot of extensions to PNs exist, it is possible to model different

  12. Research internship Petri net unfolding of biological networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doyen, Laurent

    Research internship Petri net unfolding of biological networks Topic: Logic and Verification be modeled as automata networks or Petri nets. It results in concurrent models involved hundreds or thousands for computing dynamical properties on discrete models of biological networks. Petri net unfoldings exploit

  13. Master internship Petri net unfolding of biological networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doyen, Laurent

    Master internship Petri net unfolding of biological networks Topic: Logic and Verification or signalling networks, can be modeled as automata networks or Petri nets. It results in concurrent models unfoldings for computing dynamical properties on discrete models of biological networks. Petri net unfoldings

  14. QPME -Queueing Petri Net Modeling Environment Samuel Kounev

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    Petri nets. By combining the modeling power and expressiveness of queueing networks and stochastic PetriQPME - Queueing Petri Net Modeling Environment Samuel Kounev University of Cambridge Computer@informatik.tu-darmstadt.de Abstract-- Queueing Petri nets are a powerful formalism that can be exploited for modeling distributed

  15. Network Theory II: Stochastic Petri Nets, Chemical Reaction Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baez, John

    Network Theory II: Stochastic Petri Nets, Chemical Reaction Networks and Feynman Diagrams John Baez, Jacob Biamonte, Brendan Fong #12;A Petri net is a way of drawing a finite set S of species, a finite set(recovery) = infected t(recovery) = resistant #12;A Petri net is actually a way of presenting a symmetric monoidal

  16. IAEA-CN-SO/G-I-l THE NET PROJECT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . The objective of NET is to demonstrate fusion energy production in an apparatus which meets the basic design PARAMETERS The NET objective is to demonstrate fusion energy production in an apparatus which meets the basic-Planck-Institut ftir Plasmaphysik, Garching, Federal Republic of Germany Abstract THE NET PROJECT: AN OVERVIEW

  17. FishNet: Finding and Maintaining Information on the Net Paul De Bra 1 and Pim Lemmens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Bra, Paul

    FishNet: Finding and Maintaining Information on the Net Paul De Bra 1 and Pim Lemmens Department whether links are still valid and whether documents they point to have been modified or moved. ffl Fish of a given set of (addresses of) documents. FishNet keeps track of the evolution of a domain of interest

  18. A comparison of material balance calculations based on equilibrium ratios with Schilthuis balance calculations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clanton, John L

    1956-01-01

    . CALCULATION OF OIL INITIALLY IN PLACE BY SCHILTHUIS MATERIAL BALANCE . . . ZO 6. MATERIAL BALANCE BASED ON EQUILIBRIUM CONSTANTS 7. DISCUSSION OF RESULTS 8. CONCLUSIONS 9. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT 10. REFERENCES 11. BIBLIOGRAPHY , 36 . 38 39 LIST... OF FIGURES AND TABLES FIGURES FOLLOWING PAGE Isovol Map of Scurry Reef Reservoir 22 Histogram of Production, Gas-Oil Ratio, Pressure and Water Injection History. Shrinkage of Scurry Reef Reservoir Oil, Scurry County, Texas. Gas Volumes Liberated from...

  19. Oxalate Mass Balance During Chemical Cleaning in Tank 5F

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poirier, M.; Fink, S.

    2011-07-08

    The Savannah River Site (SRS) is preparing Tank 5F for closure. The first step in preparing the tank for closure is mechanical sludge removal. Following mechanical sludge removal, SRS performed chemical cleaning with oxalic acid to remove the sludge heel. Personnel are currently assessing the effectiveness of the chemical cleaning to determine whether the tank is ready for closure. SRS personnel collected liquid samples during chemical cleaning and submitted them to Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) for analysis. Following chemical cleaning, they collected a solid sample (also known as 'process sample') and submitted it to SRNL for analysis. The authors analyzed these samples to assess the effectiveness of the chemical cleaning process. Analysis of the anions showed the measured oxalate removed from Tank 5F to be approximately 50% of the amount added in the oxalic acid. To close the oxalate mass balance, the author collected solid samples, leached them with nitric acid, and measured the concentration of cations and anions in the leachate.

  20. Small Weak Epsilon Nets Boris Aronov

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aurenhammer, Franz

    2003-0097, Min. Educ. y Ciencia, Espa~na. Also partially supported by NSF ITR Grant CCR-00-FEDER-BFM2003- 00368, Gen-Cat-2001SGR00224 and Acci´on Integrada Austria-Espa~na MCYT HU2002-0010. §Chercheur and Acci´on Integrada Austria- Espa~na MCYT HU2002-0010. Further, if Q P, then Q is called a (strong) -net

  1. Net-baryon-, net-proton-, and net-charge kurtosis in heavy-ion collisions within a relativistic transport approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marlene Nahrgang; Tim Schuster; Michael Mitrovski; Reinhard Stock; Marcus Bleicher

    2012-09-03

    We explore the potential of net-baryon, net-proton and net-charge kurtosis measurements to investigate the properties of hot and dense matter created in relativistic heavy-ion collisions. Contrary to calculations in a grand canonical ensemble we explicitly take into account exact electric and baryon charge conservation on an event-by-event basis. This drastically limits the width of baryon fluctuations. A simple model to account for this is to assume a grand-canonical distribution with a sharp cut-off at the tails. We present baseline predictions of the energy dependence of the net-baryon, net-proton and net-charge kurtosis for central ($b\\leq 2.75$ fm) Pb+Pb/Au+Au collisions from $E_{lab}=2A$ GeV to $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}=200$ GeV from the UrQMD model. While the net-charge kurtosis is compatible with values around zero, the net-baryon number decreases to large negative values with decreasing beam energy. The net-proton kurtosis becomes only slightly negative for low $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}$.

  2. Method for net-shaping using aerogels

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Brinker, C. Jeffrey (Albuquerque, NM); Ashey, Carol S. (Albuquerque, NM); Reed, Scott T. (Albuquerque, NM); Sriram, Chunangad S. (Indianapolis, IN); Harris, Thomas M. (Tulsa, OK)

    2001-01-01

    A method of net-shaping using aerogel materials is provided by first forming a sol, aging the sol to form a gel, with the gel having a fluid component and having been formed into a medium selected from the group consisting of a powder, bulk material, or granular aerobeads, derivatizing the surface of the gel to render the surface unreactive toward further condensation, removing a portion of the fluid component of the final shaped gel to form a partially dried medium, placing the medium into a cavity, wherein the volume of said medium is less that the volume of the cavity, and removing a portion of the fluid component of the medium. The removal, such as by heating at a temperature of approximately less than 50.degree. C., applying a vacuum, or both, causes the volume of the medium to increase and to form a solid aerogel. The material can be easily removed by exposing the material to a solvent, thereby reducing the volume of the material. In another embodiment, the gel is derivatized and then formed into a shaped medium, where subsequent drying reduces the volume of the shaped medium, forming a net-shaping material. Upon further drying, the material increases in volume to fill a cavity. The present invention is both a method of net-shaping and the material produced by the method.

  3. The power balance method For aerodynamic performance assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sato, Sho, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01

    This thesis describes the use of the power balance method for performance estimation of aircraft configurations. In this method, mechanical power production and mechanical power consumption of the aircraft are balanced, ...

  4. Mass balance of four East Antarctic outlet glaciers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stearns, Leigh

    2011-12-01

    Mountains, the balance characteristics of which are largely unknown. Here the mass balance is estimated for four glaciers draining ice from the EAIS through the Transantarctic Mountains into the Ross Sea embayment: David, Mulock, Byrd and Nimrod glaciers...

  5. Balance-of-System Equipment Required for Renewable Energy Systems...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Balance-of-System Equipment Required for Renewable Energy Systems Balance-of-System Equipment Required for Renewable Energy Systems July 2, 2012 - 8:21pm Addthis Both...

  6. First law energy balance as a data screening tool 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shao, Xiaojie

    2006-08-16

    This thesis defines the Energy Balance Load ( BL E ) as the difference between the heating requirements plus the electric gains in the building and the cooling coil loads. It then applies a first law energy balance in ...

  7. Detailed balance in Horava-Lifshitz gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gianluca Calcagni

    2010-02-04

    We study Horava-Lifshitz gravity in the presence of a scalar field. When the detailed balance condition is implemented, a new term in the gravitational sector is added in order to maintain ultraviolet stability. The four-dimensional theory is of a scalar-tensor type with a positive cosmological constant and gravity is nonminimally coupled with the scalar and its gradient terms. The scalar field has a double-well potential and, if required to play the role of the inflation, can produce a scale-invariant spectrum. The total action is rather complicated and there is no analog of the Einstein frame where Lorentz invariance is recovered in the infrared. For these reasons it may be necessary to abandon detailed balance. We comment on open problems and future directions in anisotropic critical models of gravity.

  8. Refined critical balance in strong Alfvenic turbulence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Mallet; A. A. Schekochihin; B. D. G. Chandran

    2015-08-24

    We present numerical evidence that in strong Alfvenic turbulence, the critical balance principle---equality of the nonlinear decorrelation and linear propagation times---is scale invariant, in the sense that the probability distribution of the ratio of these times is independent of scale. This result only holds if the local alignment of the Elsasser fields is taken into account in calculating the nonlinear time. At any given scale, the degree of alignment is found to increase with fluctuation amplitude, supporting the idea that the cause of alignment is mutual dynamical shearing of Elsasser fields. The scale-invariance of critical balance (while all other quantities of interest are strongly intermittent, i.e., have scale-dependent distributions) suggests that it is the most robust of the scaling principles used to describe Alfvenic turbulence. The quality afforded by situ fluctuation measurements in the solar wind allows for direct verification of this fundamental principle.

  9. Nuclear Dynamics at the Balance Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aman D. Sood; Rajeev K. Puri

    2003-11-05

    We study the mass dependence of various quantities (like the average and maximum density, collision rate, participant-spectator matter, temperature as well as time zones for higher density) by simulating the reactions at the energy of vanishing flow. This study is carried out within the framework of Quantum Molecular Dynamics model. Our findings clearly indicate an existence of a power law in all the above quantities calculated at the balance energy. The only significant mass dependence was obtained for the temperature reached in the central sphere. All other quantities are rather either insensitive or depend weakly on the system size at balance energy. The time zone for higher density as well as the time of maximal density and collision rate follow a power law inverse to the energy of vanishing flow.

  10. Nigerian refineries strive for product balance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Obuasi, P.A.

    1985-06-17

    This article discusses the growth patterns of the Nigerian refining industry. Production and consumption are expected to follow the pattern of consumption of fuel products by the domestic market, Presently, however, production and consumption are not evenly balanced for most fuel products, and non-fuel products are domestically consumed but not produced. Some progress has been made in the effort to match production and consumption of fuel products. But the progress that would have been made to balance non-fuel products has been nullified by 50% of the Daduna refinery being idle. This is due to problems associated with importation of heavy crude oil into Nigeria and also a weak market for asphalt in Nigeria.

  11. Genome-scale estimate of the metabolic turnover of E. Coli from the energy balance analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Martino, Daniele

    2015-01-01

    In this article the notion of metabolic turnover is revisited in the light of recent results of out-of-equilibrium thermodynamics. By means of Monte Carlo methods we perform an exact uniform sampling of the steady state fluxes in a genome scale metabolic network of E Coli from which we infer the metabolites turnover times. However the latter are inferred from net fluxes, and we argue that this approximation is not valid for enzymes working nearby thermodynamic equilibrium. We recalculate turnover times from total fluxes by performing an energy balance analysis of the network and recurring to the fluctuation theorem. We find in many cases values one of order of magnitude lower, implying a faster picture of intermediate metabolism.

  12. Energy-momentum balance in quantum dielectrics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ulf Leonhardt

    2005-12-21

    We calculate the energy-momentum balance in quantum dielectrics such as Bose-Einstein condensates. In agreement with the experiment [G. K. Campbell et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 170403 (2005)] variations of the Minkowski momentum are imprinted onto the phase, whereas the Abraham tensor drives the flow of the dielectric. Our analysis indicates that the Abraham-Minkowski controversy has its root in the Roentgen interaction of the electromagnetic field in dielectric media.

  13. Balancing Hydronic Systems in Multifamily Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ruch, Russell; Ludwig, Peter; Maurer, Tessa

    2014-07-01

    In multifamily hydronic systems, temperature imbalance may be caused by undersized piping, improperly adjusted balancing valves, inefficient water temperature and flow levels, and owner/occupant interaction with the boilers, distribution, and controls. The imbalance leads to tenant discomfort, higher energy use intensity, and inefficient building operation. This research, conducted by Building America team Partnership for Advanced Residential Retrofit, explores cost-effective distribution upgrades and balancing measures in multifamily hydronic systems, providing a resource to contractors, auditors, and building owners on best practices to improve tenant comfort and lower operating costs. The team surveyed existing knowledge on cost-effective retrofits for optimizing distribution in typical multifamily hydronic systems, with the aim of identifying common situations and solutions, and then conducted case studies on two Chicago area buildings with known balancing issues in order to quantify the extent of temperature imbalance. At one of these buildings a booster pump was installed on a loop to an underheated wing of the building. This study found that unit temperature in a multifamily hydronic building can vary as much as 61°F, particularly if windows are opened or tenants use intermittent supplemental heating sources like oven ranges. Average temperature spread at the building as a result of this retrofit decreased from 22.1°F to 15.5°F.

  14. Balancing Hydronic Systems in Multifamily Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ruch, R.; Ludwig, P.; Maurer, T.

    2014-07-01

    In multifamily hydronic systems, temperature imbalance may be caused by undersized piping, improperly adjusted balancing valves, inefficient water temperature and flow levels, and owner/occupant interaction with the boilers, distribution and controls. The effects of imbalance include tenant discomfort, higher energy use intensity and inefficient building operation. This paper explores cost-effective distribution upgrades and balancing measures in multifamily hydronic systems, providing a resource to contractors, auditors, and building owners on best practices to improve tenant comfort and lower operating costs. The research was conducted by The Partnership for Advanced Residential Retrofit (PARR) in conjunction with Elevate Energy. The team surveyed existing knowledge on cost-effective retrofits for optimizing distribution in typical multifamily hydronic systems, with the aim of identifying common situations and solutions, and then conducted case studies on two Chicago area buildings with known balancing issues in order to quantify the extent of temperature imbalance. At one of these buildings a booster pump was installed on a loop to an underheated wing of the building. This study found that unit temperature in a multifamily hydronic building can vary as much as 61 degrees F, particularly if windows are opened or tenants use intermittent supplemental heating sources like oven ranges. Average temperature spread at the building as a result of this retrofit decreased from 22.1 degrees F to 15.5 degrees F.

  15. Author's personal copy Fracture mechanics of plate debonding: Validation against experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burgoyne, Chris

    Author's personal copy Fracture mechanics of plate debonding: Validation against experiment M Available online 20 January 2011 Keywords: Fracture energy FRP (fibre reinforced polymers) Energy release is not amenable to finite-element analysis; fracture mechanics, based on a global energy balance, offers a better

  16. Harmonic Balance, Melnikov Method and Nonlinear Oscillators Under Resonant Perturbation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonnin, Michele

    Harmonic Balance, Melnikov Method and Nonlinear Oscillators Under Resonant Perturbation Michele of the unperturbed system. On the other hand, spectral techniques, like the Harmonic Balance, have been widely's integral over the Harmonic Balance approximation of the unperturbed orbits. The proposed method

  17. Development of Balancing Markets in the West Status Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Development of Balancing Markets in the West ­ Status Report Wally Gibson Power Committee Missoula, Montana January 11, 2011 #12;January 11, 2011 2 Overview · Why balancing markets? · Related 6th Power Plan · Balancing is particularly a problem now for BAs with large amounts of wind, e.g., BPA · What can be done

  18. ANALYSIS OF POWER BALANCING WITH FUEL CELLS & HYDROGEN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ANALYSIS OF POWER BALANCING WITH FUEL CELLS & HYDROGEN PRODUCTION PLANTS IN DENMARK Support program;"Analysis of power balancing with fuel cells & hydrogen production plants in Denmark" ­ March 2009 ­ Project ........................................................................................................................104 #12;"Analysis of power balancing with fuel cells & hydrogen production plants in Denmark" ­ March

  19. Lifetime Benefits through Load Balancing in Homogeneous Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haenggi, Martin

    , battery depletion is emulated so that it becomes possible to actually measure the load balancingLifetime Benefits through Load Balancing in Homogeneous Sensor Networks Daniele Puccinelli network. The use of load balancing schemes can be expected to provide significant lifetime benefits

  20. Complexity of Layered Binary Search Trees with Relaxed Balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Larsen, Kim Skak

    Complexity of Layered Binary Search Trees with Relaxed Balance Lars Jacobsen Kim S. Larsen University of Southern Denmark, Odense Abstract. When search trees are made relaxed, balance constraints circumstances. However, the weakened balance constraints also make it more challenging to prove complexity

  1. HYPERBOLIC BALANCE LAWS: RIEMANN INVARIANTS AND THE GENERALIZED RIEMANN PROBLEM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    HYPERBOLIC BALANCE LAWS: RIEMANN INVARIANTS AND THE GENERALIZED RIEMANN PROBLEM MATANIA BEN-ARTZI AND JIEQUAN LI Abstract. The Generalized Riemann Problem (GRP) for nonlinear hyperbolic system of m balance-resolution) generalization of the Godunov scheme. Key words: Hyperbolic balance laws, Generalized Riemann problem (GRP

  2. Automatic Intra-Application Load Balancing for Heterogeneous Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Wei

    Automatic Intra-Application Load Balancing for Heterogeneous Systems Michael Boyer, Shuai Che AMD #12;2 | Automatic Intra-Application Load Balancing | June 14, 2011 Motivation Many applications;3 | Automatic Intra-Application Load Balancing | June 14, 2011 Leveraging Multiple Devices Writing correct

  3. Fluctuations and Energy Balance in Solar and Stellar Dynamos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ossendrijver, Mathieu

    Fluctuations and Energy Balance in Solar and Stellar Dynamos #12;How countless are your works HAAG Ossendrijver, Antonius Joannes Hendrikus Fluctuations and energy balance in solar and stellar-393-1345-8 #12;Fluctuations and Energy Balance in Solar and Stellar Dynamos Fluctuaties en energiebalans in zonne

  4. Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, Jeffrey; Diamond, Rick; Iyer, Maithili; Payne, Christopher; Blumstein, Carl; Siderius, Hans-Paul

    2007-01-01

    WP 171 Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: ProgressiveTowards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiencyin order to achieve a sustainable energy balance. Along the

  5. Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, Jeff

    2008-01-01

    Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiencyin order to achieve a sustainable energy balance. Along theconsumer desires. 1.2 Sustainable Energy Balance as the Goal

  6. Multiobjective calibration and sensitivity of a distributed land surface water and energy balance model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Houser, Paul R; Gupta, Hoshin V; Shuttleworth, W. James; Famiglietti, James S

    2001-01-01

    identification and energy balance models on a tallgrassdata for surface energy balance evaluation of a semiaridWatershed. We are energy balance components over a semiarid

  7. The impact of remineralization depth on the air–sea carbon balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kwon, EY; Primeau, F; Sarmiento, JL

    2009-01-01

    on the air–sea carbon balance Eun Young Kwon 1 * , Françoistion depth—depends on the balance between particle sinkingfactors can affect this balance, including temperature 1 ,

  8. Surface Energy Balance Measurements Above an Exurban Residential Neighbourhood of Kansas City, Missouri

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balogun, Ahmed A.; Adegoke, Jimmy O.; Vezhapparambu, Sajith; Mauder, Matthias; McFadden, Joseph P.; Gallo, Kevin

    2009-01-01

    ARTICLE Surface Energy Balance Measurements Above an Exurbanmeasurements of urban energy balances generally have beenuxes · Urban surface energy balance 1 Introduction Rapid

  9. Quantification of colloidal and aqueous element transfer in soils: The dual-phase mass balance model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bern, CR; Thompson, A; Chadwick, OA

    2015-01-01

    1987) Constitutive mass balance relations between chemicalprocesses using mass balance princi- ples. Econ. Geol. 80,and Chorover J. (2011) A mass-balance model to separate and

  10. Surface Energy Balance Measurements Above an Exurban Residential Neighbourhood of Kansas City, Missouri

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balogun, Ahmed A.; Adegoke, Jimmy O.; Vezhapparambu, Sajith; Mauder, Matthias; McFadden, Joseph P.; Gallo, Kevin

    2009-01-01

    9421-3 ARTICLE Surface Energy Balance Measurements Above anmeasurements of urban energy balances generally have beenuxes · Urban surface energy balance 1 Introduction Rapid

  11. Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, Jeff

    2008-01-01

    Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiencyachieve a sustainable energy balance. Along the way, we may1.2 Sustainable Energy Balance as the Goal of Energy Policy

  12. Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, Jeffrey; Diamond, Rick; Iyer, Maithili; Payne, Christopher; Blumstein, Carl; Siderius, Hans-Paul

    2007-01-01

    Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive EfficiencyTowards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiencyachieve a sustainable energy balance. Along the way, we may

  13. Application of multiscale water and energy balance models on a tallgrass prairie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Famiglietti, J. S; Wood, E. F

    1994-01-01

    Application of multiscale water and energy balance models onAPPLICATION OF MULTISCALE WATER AND ENERGY BALANCE MODELSand macroscale models of water and energy balance, Ph.D.

  14. Multiobjective calibration and sensitivity of a distributed land surface water and energy balance model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Houser, Paul R; Gupta, Hoshin V; Shuttleworth, W. James; Famiglietti, James S

    2001-01-01

    distributed land surface water and energy balance model Pauldistributed land surface water and energy balance model (because models of water and energy balance, Ph.D.

  15. e-mail : kkt14418@hanmail.net, sbahk@snu.ac.kr Neighbor-aware Adaptive Load Balancing Algorithm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahk, Saewoong

    is suitable for dense wireless sensor networks that network environment is changeable. I. . , , . . . . II. 2.1 . Tree Construction(TC) Neighbor Information(NI), Probability] Wei Ye, John Heidemann, and Deborah Estrin," "Medium access control with coordinated, adaptive

  16. 2100. For case 2, the net GHG balance is +57 Pg CO2eq through 2050 and +679 through 2100.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    in a cap-and-trade program. Previous CI estimates for California gasoline (3) suggest that values less than ~96 g CO2eq MJ­1 indicate that blending cellulosic biofuels will help lower the carbon intensity, a substan- tial penalty--in fact, possibly worse than with gasoline--in the first few decades may render

  17. Parton Energy Loss with Detailed Balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Enke Wang; Xin-Nian Wang

    2001-06-28

    Stimulated gluon emission and thermal absorption in addition to induced radiation are considered for an energetic parton propagating inside a quark- gluon plasma. In the presence of thermal gluons, stimulated emission reduces while absorption increases the parton's energy. The net effect is a reduction of the parton energy loss. Though decreasing asymptotically as $T/E$ with the parton energy, the relative reduction is found to be important for intermediate energies. The modified energy dependence of the energy loss will affect the shape of suppression of moderately high $p_T$ hadrons due to jet quenching in high-energy heavy-ion collisions.

  18. Mathematical model of the Lame' Problem for Simplified Elastic Theory applied to Controlled-Clearance Pressure Balances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saragosa Silvano

    2012-02-18

    In order to obtain more accurate measurements, the use of pressure balances with the controlled-clearance system is well known in the history of high pressures metrology. Furthermore, the introduction of assemblies with cylinders made up of two materials to the construction of controlled-clearance pressure balances, is one of the most important developments in the field of high pressure measurements. The use of some analytical procedures for the characterization of the pressure balances (also known as piston gauges) becomes more difficult especially for the case of geometries with composite cylinders. Those geometries were also studied with the analytical method developed by the author[1] (based on a simplified model) and described in this paper. This method was also reported in some not original publications from 2003 to 2007. The analysis begins with the mathematical model of thick-walled cylinder applied to the Mechanical theory of elastic equilibrium for the formulation of the so called Simplified Elastic Theory which represents an analytical approach for the study of pressure balances. This analysis is known as the Lame' problem. The solution of the Lame' Problem is used to determine the pressure distortion coefficient for the controlled-clearance pressure balances including the case of pressure balances with the cylinder made up of two materials.

  19. Factors associated with mosquito net use by individuals in households owning nets in Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graves, Patricia M.; Ngondi, Jeremiah M.; Hwang, Jimee; Getachew, Asefaw; Gebre, Teshome; Mosher, Aryc W.; Patterson, Amy E.; Shargie, Estifanos B.; Tadesse, Zerihun; Wolkon, Adam; Reithinger, Richard; Emerson, Paul M.; Richards, Frank O. Jr

    2011-12-13

    age and gender [5,7-10], education, occupation/livelihood [11-13], degree of con- trol over household decision-making [14], malaria knowledge, beliefs and risk perceptions [5,15-21], per- ceived benefits and disadvantages of nets [5,17,18,21], trust... or while tending livestock, attending late- night social events, disruption of usual sleeping arrange- ments, net unavailability due to washing or dirtiness, extreme fatigue, labour pains, illness or forgetfulness [13,27,30-32]. This study builds on a...

  20. Multiple Sclerosis Journal The Author(s) 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaser, Christian

    Multiple Sclerosis Journal 0(0) 1­8 © The Author(s) 2013 Reprints and permissions: sagepub.co.uk/journalsPermissions.nav DOI: 10.1177/1352458513478673 msj.sagepub.com MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS MSJ JOURNAL Introduction (MRIs) are the most striking finding in multiple sclerosis (MS) and they have become the most important

  1. Predicting Job Salaries from Text Descriptions Anonymous Author(s)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freitas, Nando de

    050 051 052 053 Predicting Job Salaries from Text Descriptions Anonymous Author(s) Affiliation Address descriptions of the posted jobs. Many listings provide a salary, but as many as half do not. For those listings that do not provide a salary, it is useful to predict a salary based on the description of that job. We

  2. FAQ for Case Study Authors

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Reviews FAQ for Case Study Authors Science Engagement Move your data Programs & Workshops Science Requirements Reviews Network Requirements Reviews Documents and Background...

  3. Working and Net Available Shell Storage Capacity

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming963 1.969 1.979Coal Consumers inYear Full report3 Table613)WorkingNet

  4. OpenNet Training | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested Parties -DepartmentAvailableHighOffice ofProjectDepartment ofOpenNet Training

  5. Next Update: October 2010 Net Internal

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,DecadeYear Jan Feb Mar Apr MayDecade Year-0Decade Year-00 Net

  6. A Causal Net Approach to Relativistic Quantum Mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. D. Bateson

    2012-05-13

    In this paper we discuss a causal network approach to describing relativistic quantum mechanics. Each vertex on the causal net represents a possible point event or particle observation. By constructing the simplest causal net based on Reichenbach-like conjunctive forks in proper time we can exactly derive the 1+1 dimension Dirac equation for a relativistic fermion and correctly model quantum mechanical statistics. Symmetries of the net provide various quantum mechanical effects such as quantum uncertainty and wavefunction, phase, spin, negative energy states and the effect of a potential. The causal net can be embedded in 3+1 dimensions and is consistent with the conventional Dirac equation. In the low velocity limit the causal net approximates to the Schrodinger equation and Pauli equation for an electromagnetic field. Extending to different momentum states the net is compatible with the Feynman path integral approach to quantum mechanics that allows calculation of well known quantum phenomena such as diffraction.

  7. Voltage balanced multilevel voltage source converter system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Peng, F.Z.; Lai, J.S.

    1997-07-01

    Disclosed is a voltage balanced multilevel converter for high power AC applications such as adjustable speed motor drives and back-to-back DC intertie of adjacent power systems. This converter provides a multilevel rectifier, a multilevel inverter, and a DC link between the rectifier and the inverter allowing voltage balancing between each of the voltage levels within the multilevel converter. The rectifier is equipped with at least one phase leg and a source input node for each of the phases. The rectifier is further equipped with a plurality of rectifier DC output nodes. The inverter is equipped with at least one phase leg and a load output node for each of the phases. The inverter is further equipped with a plurality of inverter DC input nodes. The DC link is equipped with a plurality of rectifier charging means and a plurality of inverter discharging means. The plurality of rectifier charging means are connected in series with one of the rectifier charging means disposed between and connected in an operable relationship with each adjacent pair of rectifier DC output nodes. The plurality of inverter discharging means are connected in series with one of the inverter discharging means disposed between and connected in an operable relationship with each adjacent pair of inverter DC input nodes. Each of said rectifier DC output nodes are individually electrically connected to the respective inverter DC input nodes. By this means, each of the rectifier DC output nodes and each of the inverter DC input nodes are voltage balanced by the respective charging and discharging of the rectifier charging means and the inverter discharging means. 15 figs.

  8. Author's personal copy Cosmogenic 7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Usoskin, Ilya G.

    Author's personal copy Cosmogenic 7 Be and 22 Na in Finland: Production, observed periodicities a Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority, Regional Laboratory in Northern Finland, Rovaniemi, Finland b Sodankyl¨a Geophysical Observatory, Oulu Unit, University of Oulu, Finland c Ioffe Physical

  9. Waste Management Coordinating Lead Authors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    10 Waste Management Coordinating Lead Authors: Jean Bogner (USA) Lead Authors: Mohammed Abdelrafie Ahmed, C. Diaz, A. Faaij, Q. Gao, S. Hashimoto, K. Mareckova, R. Pipatti, T. Zhang, Waste Management University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA. #12;586 Waste Management Chapter 10 Table

  10. Heat Balance Study for Submersible Mixer Pump

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, S.Y.

    2003-07-21

    A transient heat balance model was developed to assess the impact of a Submersible Mixer Pump (SMP) on waste temperature during the process of waste mixing and removal for the Type-I SRS tanks. The model results will be mainly used to determine the SMP design impacts on the waste tank temperature during operations and to develop a specification for a new SMP design to replace existing long-shaft mixer pumps used during waste removal. The model will also be used to provide input to the operation planning. This planning will be used as input to pump run duration in order to maintain temperature requirements within the tank during SMP operation.

  11. Reflective optical imaging systems with balanced distortion

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hudyma, Russell M. (San Ramon, CA)

    2001-01-01

    Optical systems compatible with extreme ultraviolet radiation comprising four reflective elements for projecting a mask image onto a substrate are described. The four optical elements comprise, in order from object to image, convex, concave, convex and concave mirrors. The optical systems are particularly suited for step and scan lithography methods. The invention enables the use of larger slit dimensions associated with ring field scanning optics, improves wafer throughput, and allows higher semiconductor device density. The inventive optical systems are characterized by reduced dynamic distortion because the static distortion is balanced across the slit width.

  12. Reflective optical imaging system with balanced distortion

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chapman, Henry N. (Sunol, CA); Hudyma, Russell M. (San Ramon, CA); Shafer, David R. (Fairfield, CT); Sweeney, Donald W. (San Ramon, CA)

    1999-01-01

    An optical system compatible with short wavelength (extreme ultraviolet) An optical system compatible with short wavelength (extreme ultraviolet) radiation comprising four reflective elements for projecting a mask image onto a substrate. The four optical elements comprise, in order from object to image, convex, concave, convex and concave mirrors. The optical system is particularly suited for step and scan lithography methods. The invention enables the use of larger slit dimensions associated with ring field scanning optics, improves wafer throughput and allows higher semiconductor device density. The inventive optical system is characterized by reduced dynamic distortion because the static distortion is balanced across the slit width.

  13. Festival de Teatro de La Habana: Balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Espinosa Domí nguez, Carlos

    1982-04-01

    corrientes y estilos. 66 LATIN AMERICAN THEATRE REVIEW Es de notar asimismo la preferencia por los temas actuales. Diecisiete títu los de los que se vieron se inscriben en esa línea, lo cual está en relación di recta con las exigencias de un público que... labor desarrollada por los artistas cubanos en estos últimos dos años. En tal sentido, a partir de los montajes que en el mismo se pusieron puede realizarse un balance crítico de los caminos y corrientes que confluyen hoy en este movimiento. En su...

  14. Rotary engine cooling system with flow balancing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, C.

    1987-05-12

    This patent describes a rotary internal combustion engine having a trochoid rotor housing section and having a group of cooling passages extending through a top-dead-center (TDC) region. The engine is characterized by: at least one passage of the group following a curved path which extends through a first hotter portion of the TDC region, by at least one further passage of the group following a substantially uncurved path through a second cooler portion of the TDC region, and by a fluid restriction for restricting fluid flow through the at least one further passage to balance coolant flow between the passages.

  15. Community Net Energy Metering: How Novel Policies Expand Benefits of Net Metering to Non-Generators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rose, James; Varnado, Laurel

    2009-04-01

    As interest in community solutions to renewable energy grows, more states are beginning to develop policies that encourage properties with more than one meter to install shared renewable energy systems. State net metering policies are evolving to allow the aggregation of multiple meters on a customer���¢��������s property and to dissolve conventional geographical boundaries. This trend means net metering is expanding out of its traditional function as an enabling incentive to offset onsite customer load at a single facility. This paper analyzes community net energy metering (CNEM) as an emerging vehicle by which farmers, neighborhoods, and municipalities may more easily finance and reap the benefits of renewable energy. Specifically, it aims to compare and contrast the definition of geographical boundaries among different CNEM models and examine the benefits and limitations of each approach. As state policies begin to stretch the geographic boundaries of net metering, they allow inventive solutions to encourage renewable energy investment. This paper attempts to initiate the conversation on this emerging policy mechanism and offers recommendations for further development of these policies.

  16. SemLink 1.2 PropBank VerbNet FrameNet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palmer, Martha

    -arg="0" vn-theta="Agent" /> Theme" /> Theme fnrole='Theme' vnrole='Theme'/> Wsj Instances Verbs in WSJ annotated with Prop_id) (sentence number) (token number) (standard) (verb-v) (VerbNet class) (Framenet Frame) (PB grouping) (SI

  17. CO2 balance of boreal, temperate, and tropical forests derived from a global database

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luyssaert, S. [University of Antwerp; Inglima, I. [Second University of Naples; Jung, M. [Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry; Reichstein, Markus [Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry; Papale, D. [University of Tuscia; Piao, S. [LSCE, Orme des Merisiers; Schulze, E.-D. [Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry; Wingate, L. [University of Edinburgh; Matteucci, G. [CNR-ISAFOM; Aubinet, M. [Faculte Universitaire des Sciences Agronomiques de Gembloux; Beer, C. [Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry; Bernhofer, C. [Technische Universitat Dresden; Black, K. G. [University College, Dublin; Bonal, D. [INRA Kourou - UMR EcoFog; Chambers, J. [Tulane University; Ciais, P. [LSCE, Orme des Merisiers; Davis, Ken J. [Pennsylvania State University; Delucia, Evan H. [University of Illinois; Dolman, A. J. [Universitate Amsterdam; Don, A. [Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry; Gielen, B. [University of Antwerp; Grace, John [University of Edinburgh; Granier, A. [INRA EEF; Grelle, A. [Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Upsalla, Sweden; Griffis, T. [University of Minnesota; Grunwald, T. [Technische Universitat Dresden; Guidolotti, G. [University of Tuscia; Hanson, P. J. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Harding, R. [Center of Ecology and Hydrology, Edinburgh; Hollinger, D. [USDA Forest Service; Kolari, P. [University of Helsinki; Kruijt, B. [Alterra; Kutsch, W. [Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry; Lagergren, F. [Lund University, Sweden; Laurila, T. [Finnish Meteorological institute; Law, B. [Oregon State University; Le Maire, G. [LSCE, Orme des Merisiers; Lindroth, A. [Lund University, Sweden; Magnani, F. [Universita di Bologna; Marek, M. [Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic; Mateus, J. [Instituto Superior Tecnico, Portugal; Migliavacca, M. [Universita degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca; Mission, L. [University of California, Berkeley; Montagnani, L. [Bolzano, Agency for the Environment; Moncrief, J. [University of Edinburgh; Moors, E. [Alterra; Munger, J. W. [University of Oxford; Nikinmaa, E. [University of Helsinki; Loustau, D. [INRA EPHYSE; Pita, G. [Instituto Superior Tecnico, Portugal; Rebmann, C. [Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry; Richardson, A. D. [University of New Hampshire; Roupsard, O. [CIRAD; Saigusa, N. [National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Japan; Sanz, M. J. [CEAM, Valencia, Spain; Seufert, G. [Joint Research Centre, Italy; Sorensen, L. [Riso National Laboratory, Roskilde, Denmark; Tang, J. [University of Minnesota; Valentini, R. [University of Tuscia; Vesala, T. [University of Helsinki; Janssens, I. A. [University of Antwerp

    2007-01-01

    Forests sequester large amounts of atmospheric carbon. However, considerable uncertainties remain regarding the fate of this carbon over both short and long timescales. Relevant data to address these uncertainties have been and are being collected at many sites around the world, but synthesis of these data is still sparse. To facilitate synthesis activities, we have assembled a comprehensive global database for forest ecosystems, which includes carbon budget variables (fluxes and stocks), ecosystem traits (e.g. leaf area index, age) as well as ancillary site information such as management regime, climate and soil characteristics. This can be used to: quantify global, regional to biome-specific carbon-budgets, to re-examine established relationships, test emerging hypotheses about ecosystem functioning (e.g. a constant NEP to GPP), and provide benchmarks for model evaluations. Our synthesis highlighted that globally, gross primary production of forests benefited from higher temperatures and precipitation whereas net primary production saturated beyond a threshold of 1500 mm precipitation or a mean annual temperature of 10 C. The global pattern in NEP was found insensitive to climate and appears to be mainly determined by non-climatic conditions such as successional stage, management, site history and site disturbance. At the biome level, only the carbon fluxes in temperate humid evergreen and temperate humid deciduous forests were sufficiently robust. All other biomes still need further study to reduce uncertainties in their carbon balance. Carbon budgets of boreal semi-arid and tropical semi-arid forests would benefit most from additional data inputs. Closing the CO2-balances of specific biomes required the introduction of closure terms. These closure terms were substantial for all biomes and suggested that to better close carbon balances, more data are needed especially on respiratory processes, advection and on non-CO2 carbon fluxes.

  18. Aspinall Courthouse: GSA's Historic Preservation and Net-Zero...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Aspinall Courthouse: GSA's Historic Preservation and Net-Zero Renovation Case study details the General Services Administration's (GSA) decision to align historic preservation...

  19. Deep Energy Efficiency and Getting to Net Zero

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation covers energy efficiency and getting to net zero and is given at the Spring 2011 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting.

  20. Aspinall Courthouse: GSA's Historic Preservation and Net-Zero...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    historic preservation renovations with net-zero energy goals in the Wayne N. Aspinall Federal Building and U.S. Courthouse in Grand Junction, Colorado. aspinallcourthouse.pdf...

  1. ,"Total Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Net Receipts by Pipeline...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Net Receipts by Pipeline, Tanker, Barge and Rail between PAD Districts" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of...

  2. Electrohydraulic Forming of Near Net Shape Automotive Panels

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Electrohydraulic Forming of Near Net Shape Automotive Panels The Development of Advancing Automotive Panel Manufacturing for Increased Energy and Material Savings The U.S....

  3. The Intersection of Net Metering and Retail Choice: An Overview...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    and defined five different theoretical models describing different ways competitive suppliers and utilities provide net metering options for their customers. They then provided...

  4. Measurements of net radiation, ground heat flux and surface temperature in an urban canyon

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gouveia, F J; Leach, M J; Shinn, J H

    2003-11-06

    The Joint Urban 2003 (JU2003) field study was conducted in Oklahoma City in July 2003 to collect data to increase our knowledge of dispersion in urban areas. Air motions in and around urban areas are very complicated due to the influence of urban structures on both mechanical and thermal forcing. During JU2003, meteorological instruments were deployed at various locations throughout the urban area to characterize the processes that influence dispersion. Some of the instruments were deployed to characterize urban phenomena, such as boundary layer development. In addition, particular sites were chosen for more concentrated measurements to investigate physical processes in more detail. One such site was an urban street canyon on Park Avenue between Broadway and Robinson Avenues in downtown Oklahoma City. The urban canyon study was designed to examine the processes that control dispersion within, into and out of the urban canyon. Several towers were deployed in the Park Avenue block, with multiple levels on each tower for observing the wind using sonic anemometers. Infrared thermometers, net radiometers and ground heat flux plates were deployed on two of the towers midway in the canyon to study the thermodynamic effects and to estimate the surface energy balance. We present results from the surface energy balance observations.

  5. Force Density Balance inside the Hydrogen Atom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Himpsel, F J

    2015-01-01

    Motivated by the long-debated question about the internal stability of the electron, the force densities acting on the charge density of the 1s electron in the H atom are investigated. The problem is mapped onto the canonical formalism for a classical Dirac field coupled to the electric field of an external point charge. An explicit calculation shows that the attractive Coulomb force density is balanced exactly at every point in space by the repulsive confinement force density. The latter requires evaluating the divergence of the stress tensor for the 1s solution of the Dirac equation. Such a local force balance goes beyond the global stability criteria that are usually given for the H atom. This concept is extended to the internal stability of any charged particle by investigating the force densities acting on its surrounding vacuum polarization. At large distances one has to consider only the charge density of virtual electrons and positrons, induced by a point charge in the vacuum of quantum electrodynamic...

  6. The Balanced Billing Cycle Vehicle Routing Problem

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Groer, Christopher S [ORNL; Golden, Bruce [University of Maryland; Edward, Wasil [American University

    2009-01-01

    Utility companies typically send their meter readers out each day of the billing cycle in order to determine each customer s usage for the period. Customer churn requires the utility company to periodically remove some customer locations from its meter-reading routes. On the other hand, the addition of new customers and locations requires the utility company to add newstops to the existing routes. A utility that does not adjust its meter-reading routes over time can find itself with inefficient routes and, subsequently, higher meter-reading costs. Furthermore, the utility can end up with certain billing days that require substantially larger meter-reading resources than others. However, remedying this problem is not as simple as it may initially seem. Certain regulatory and customer service considerations can prevent the utility from shifting a customer s billing day by more than a few days in either direction. Thus, the problem of reducing the meterreading costs and balancing the workload can become quite difficult. We describe this Balanced Billing Cycle Vehicle Routing Problem in more detail and develop an algorithm for providing solutions to a slightly simplified version of the problem. Our algorithm uses a combination of heuristics and integer programming via a three-stage algorithm. We discuss the performance of our procedure on a real-world data set.

  7. Authority and Review Chart Exhibit A R = REVIEW A = AUTHORITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Yuanyuan

    Authority and Review Chart Exhibit A R = REVIEW A = AUTHORITY ¹ OFF-SCALE NOT HANDLED PER POLICY Chancellor Academic Affairs ASST PROF (LRF, In Residence, Clinical X) Appointment R R R³ R R R R R4 R A Merit/ Reappointment A A³ R A R A Merit with off-scale salary increase R R³ R R R R R A Merit with 6th Year Market os

  8. Site Name : NAVIDAD Author : D. Carrizo E. Contreras C. Arriagada Site Code : NAVI date : year 08 month 03 day 07

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vigny, Christophe

    NAVI 1/6 Site Name : NAVIDAD Author : D. Carrizo ­ E. Contreras ­ C. Arriagada Site Code : NAVI: Alcalde Horacio Maldonado Keys: Margarita Cepeda #12;NAVI 2/6 Receiver: Trimble NetRS S/N: 4723133161 cable. #12;NAVI 3/6 ADDITIONAL INFORMATION #12;NAVI 4/6 ACCESS SKETCH MAP #12;NAVI 5/6 #12;NAVI 6/6 SITE

  9. Original article Energy balance storage terms and big-leaf

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    for the determination of big leaf forest evapotranspiration are not of the utmost importance. energy storage / deciduous. The available energy is defined as the net radiation (Rn), from which the net change in energy storage within), biomass heat storage (Sv) and photosynthetic energy storage (Sp). Soil heat storage Sg can be further

  10. AUTHORITY

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p a l De p u t y A s sconveyance of9,Septemeber 19, 2014

  11. Collaborative Authoring of Walden's Paths 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yuanling

    2012-10-19

    The World Wide Web contains rich collections of digital materials that can be used in education and learning settings. The collaborative authoring prototype of Walden's Paths targets two groups of users: educators and ...

  12. Author Order and Research Quality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kissan, Joseph; Laband, David N.; Patil, Vivek

    2005-01-01

    We observe a great deal of heterogeneity in the manner in which author orderings are assigned both across and within academic markets. To better understand this phenomenon, we develop and analyze a stochastic model of ...

  13. Danish Energy Authority Final report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Danish Energy Authority Final report Kaliningrad Regional District Heating Network 2004 - 2006 2006 #12;Kaliningrad District Heating Network Project 2004 - 2006 2 Table of content The report........................................................................................................... 7 1.4.1 District heating in the Region

  14. Retrofitting the Tennessee Valley Authority

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeiber, Kristen (Kristen Ann)

    2013-01-01

    As the flagship of the New Deal, the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) was a triumph of regional and environmental design that has since fallen on hard times. When writer James Agee toured the region in 1935, he described ...

  15. Control of Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Optimal DER Technology Investment and Energy Management in Zero-Net-Energy Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadler, Michael

    2010-01-01

    and Energy Management in Zero-Net-Energy Buildings Michaeland Energy Management in Zero-Net-Energy Buildings 1 Michaelgoal of achieving zero-net-energy commercial buildings (

  16. Horizontal film balance having wide range and high sensitivity

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Abraham, B.M.; Miyano, K.; Ketterson, J.B.

    1981-03-05

    A thin-film, horizontal balance instrument is provided for measuring surface tension (surface energy) of thin films suspended on a liquid substrate. The balance includes a support bearing and an optical feedback arrangement for wide-range, high sensitivity measurements. The force on the instrument is balanced by an electromagnet, the current through the magnet providing a measure of the force applied to the instrument. A novel float construction is also disclosed.

  17. Horizontal film balance having wide range and high sensitivity

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Abraham, Bernard M. (Oak Park, IL); Miyano, Kenjiro (Downers Grove, IL); Ketterson, John B. (Evanston, IL)

    1983-01-01

    A thin-film, horizontal balance instrument is provided for measuring surface tension (surface energy) of thin films suspended on a liquid substrate. The balance includes a support bearing and an optical feedback arrangement for wide-range, high sensitivity measurements. The force on the instrument is balanced by an electromagnet, the current through the magnet providing a measure of the force applied to the instrument. A novel float construction is also disclosed.

  18. Horizontal film balance having wide range and high sensitivity

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Abraham, B.M.; Miyano, K.; Ketterson, J.B.

    1983-11-08

    A thin-film, horizontal balance instrument is provided for measuring surface tension (surface energy) of thin films suspended on a liquid substrate. The balance includes a support bearing and an optical feedback arrangement for wide-range, high sensitivity measurements. The force on the instrument is balanced by an electromagnet, the current through the magnet providing a measure of the force applied to the instrument. A novel float construction is also disclosed. 5 figs.

  19. Artificial Neural Nets and Cylinder Pressures in Diesel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharkey, Amanda

    Artificial Neural Nets and Cylinder Pressures in Diesel Engine Fault Diagnosis * Gopi O diagnosis system for a diesel engine, which uses artificial neural nets to identify faults on the basis cylinder Ruston AP 230, medium speed Diesel engine was simulated. When tested on new data previously unseen

  20. HYBRID PETRI NET REPRESENTATION OF GENE REGULATORY NETWORK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Breitling, Rainer

    HYBRID PETRI NET REPRESENTATION OF GENE REGULATORY NETWORK HIROSHI MATSUNO, ATSUSHI DOI Faculty regulatory networks. The HPN is an extension of Petri nets which have been used to represent many kinds networks which realizes the intuitions of biologists while keeping the universality in its com- putational

  1. Characterization of Reachable Attractors Using Petri Net Unfoldings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doyen, Laurent

    with Petri net models of cell signalling and regulation networks, Boolean and multi-valued. The proposed apCharacterization of Reachable Attractors Using Petri Net Unfoldings Thomas Chatain1 , Stefan Haar1, France 3 Inria Saclay - ^Ile de France, team AMIB, Palaiseau, France Abstract. Attractors of network

  2. Exploratory Performance Evaluation using dynamic and parametric Petri nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esser, Robert

    Exploratory Performance Evaluation using dynamic and parametric Petri nets Robert Esser Jorn W. Janneck Department of Computer Science Computer Engineering and Networks Laboratory (TIK) University@computer.org jwj@acm.org KEYWORDS: exploratory simulation, performance evaluation, Petri nets, parameterization

  3. From Petri Nets to Differential Equations -an Integrative Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbert, David

    From Petri Nets to Differential Equations - an Integrative Approach for Biochemical Network report on the results of an investigation into the inte- gration of Petri nets and ordinary differential equations (ODEs) for the modelling and analysis of biochemical networks, and the application of our approach

  4. Targeting Net Zero Energy for Military Installations (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burman, K.

    2012-05-01

    Targeting Net Zero Energy for Military Installations in Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii. A net zero energy installation (NZEI) is one that produces as much energy from on-site renewable sources as it consumes. NZEI assessment provides a systematic approach to energy projects.

  5. Terrestrial Subsidies of Organic Carbon Support Net Ecosystem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    filled, we monitored net ecosystem production (NEP) on a biweekly basis from 9 April to 27 May 2002. All ponds were consistently net heterotrophic; how- ever, NEP was significantly less negative in re- moval that the difference in NEP between treatments was driven by the change in R. Therefore, it appears that terrestrial

  6. Instructions for Submitting Document to OpenNet | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    have an OpenNet Logon Name and Password. If you don't already have one, go to the OpenNet web site at: http:www.osti.govopennet. Click on the LOGIN link on the top right. Read...

  7. RISK JOURNALS CATALOGUE 2015 www.risk.net/journal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    RISK JOURNALS CATALOGUE 2015 www.risk.net/journal #12;Risk Journals deliver academically rigorous accurately. DISCOVER RISK JOURNALS HOW CAN RISK JOURNALS HELP YOU? www.risk.net/journal Risk Journals deliver strategies, commodities, infrastructures, derivatives, regulation and more. Each quarter Risk Journals

  8. Performance Modelling of Database Contention using Queueing Petri Nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knottenbelt, William J.

    Performance Modelling of Database Contention using Queueing Petri Nets David Coulden Rasha Osman Petri Net model of table-level database locking. We show that this model predicts mean response times modelling, database locking. 1. INTRODUCTION The data landscape has changed dramatically in size

  9. Translating Orc Features into Petri nets and the Join Calculus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruni, Roberto

    Translating Orc Features into Petri nets and the Join Calculus Roberto Bruni1, Hern´an Melgratti2@di.unipi.it, hernan.melgratti@imtlucca.it, et52@mcs.le.ac.uk Abstract. Cook and Misra's Orc is an elegant language the key novel features of Orc by comparing it with variations of Petri nets. The comparison shows that Orc

  10. Translating Orc Features into Petri nets and the Join Calculus #

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruni, Roberto

    Translating Orc Features into Petri nets and the Join Calculus # Roberto Bruni 1 , Hern@di.unipi.it, hernan.melgratti@imtlucca.it, et52@mcs.le.ac.uk Abstract. Cook and Misra's Orc is an elegant language the key novel features of Orc by comparing it with variations of Petri nets. The comparison shows that Orc

  11. CP-nets and Nash equilibria Krzysztof R. Apt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rossi, Francesca

    CP-nets and Nash equilibria Krzysztof R. Apt ¢¡ £¤¡ ¥ , Francesca Rossi ¦ , and Kristen Brent, the Netherlands Department of Pure and Applied Mathematics, University of Padova, Italy Abstract. CP instead of payoff functions. We show then that the optimal outcomes of a CP-net are ex- actly the Nash

  12. Predicting Daily Net Radiation Using Minimum Climatological Data1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .1061/ ASCE 0733-9437 2003 129:4 256 CE Database subject headings: Radiation; Solar radiationPredicting Daily Net Radiation Using Minimum Climatological Data1 S. Irmak, M.ASCE2 ; A. Irmak3 ; J Abstract: Net radiation (Rn) is a key variable for computing reference evapotranspiration and is a driving

  13. A meaningful expansion around detailed balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matteo Colangeli; Christian Maes; Bram Wynants

    2011-01-18

    We consider Markovian dynamics modeling open mesoscopic systems which are driven away from detailed balance by a nonconservative force. A systematic expansion is obtained of the stationary distribution around an equilibrium reference, in orders of the nonequilibrium forcing. The first order around equilibrium has been known since the work of McLennan (1959), and involves the transient irreversible entropy flux. The expansion generalizes the McLennan formula to higher orders, complementing the entropy flux with the dynamical activity. The latter is more kinetic than thermodynamic and is a possible realization of Landauer's insight (1975) that, for nonequilibrium, the relative occupation of states also depends on the noise along possible escape routes. In that way nonlinear response around equilibrium can be meaningfully discussed in terms of two main quantities only, the entropy flux and the dynamical activity. The expansion makes mathematical sense as shown in the simplest cases from exponential ergodicity.

  14. Torsion-balance probes of fundamental physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. G. Adelberger

    2013-08-14

    This white paper is submitted as part of Snowmass2013 (subgroup CF2). The extraordinary sensitivity of torsion-balances can be used to search for the ultra-feeble forces suggested by attempts to unify gravity with the other fundamental interactions. The motivation, the results and their implications as well as the future prospects of this work are summarized. The experiments include tests of the universality of free fall (weak equivalence principle), probes of the short-distance behavior of gravity (inverse-square law tests for extra dimensions and exchange forces from new meV scale bosons), and Planck-scale tests of Lorentz invariance (preferred-frame effects, non-commutative geometries).

  15. Power Electronics and Balance of System Hardware Technologies

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    DOE is targeting solar technology improvements related to power electronics and balance of system (BOS) hardware technologies to reduce the installed cost of solar photovoltaic (PV) electricity and...

  16. ,"U.S. Natural Gas Monthly Supply and Disposition Balance"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Monthly Supply and Disposition Balance" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data...

  17. ,"U.S. Natural Gas Annual Supply and Disposition Balance"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Annual Supply and Disposition Balance" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data...

  18. A Green Prison: Santa Rita Jail Creeps Towards Zero Net Energy (ZNE)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marnay, Chris

    2011-01-01

    Rita Jail Creeps Towards Zero Net Energy (ZNE) Chris Marnay,Jail Creeps Towards Zero Net Energy (ZNE) Chris Marnay –Jail is unlikely to meet zero net energy in the near future.

  19. DIAGNOSING, BENCHMARKING AND TRANSFORMING THE LEED CERTIFIED FIU SIPA BUILDING INTO A NET-ZERO-ENERGY BUILDING (NET-ZEB)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pala, Nezih

    with a score of 61.9590 kBTU per square foot. (The Environmental Protection Agency established kBTU per square foot as the key performance indicator for energy efficiency in its Energy Star rating program.) However INTO A NET-ZERO-ENERGY BUILDING (NET-ZEB) Thomas Spiegelhalter Florida International University

  20. NetSeed User Manual NetSeed is a toolkit for identifying the seed set of networks, available as an online tool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borenstein, Elhanan

    of Washington and is available online at http://elbo.gs.washington.edu/tools/NetSeed/. NetSeed>Web NetSeed>Web allows researchers to calculate the seed set of a network online and requires only a web browser. The NetSeed>Web and functional analysis options. Overview of use To determine the seed set of a network using NetSeed>Web

  1. "Title","Creator/Author","Publication Date","OSTI Identifier...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    DC (United States)","42 ENGINEERING NOT INCLUDED IN OTHER CATEGORIES; MACHINERY; MASS BALANCE; MECHANICAL VIBRATIONS; MAINTENANCE; REPAIR",,"Field balancing can achieve...

  2. TITLE AUTHORS SUBJECT SUBJECT RELATED DESCRIPTION PUBLISHER AVAILABILI...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    the real world Bracher B ENGINEERING NOT INCLUDED IN OTHER CATEGORIES MACHINERY MASS BALANCE MECHANICAL VIBRATIONS MAINTENANCE REPAIR Field balancing can achieve significant...

  3. Interference Mitigation in Femtocell Network Using Anonymous Author(s)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freitas, Nando de

    the power adaptation process of the FUEs and MUE to be a discrete multi agent Markov decision problem 050 051 052 053 Interference Mitigation in Femtocell Network Using Q-learning Anonymous Author problems is the so-called co-tier and cross-tier interference caused by the new femtocell network layer

  4. A study of the material balance techniques for estimating the initial oil in place in an undersaturated water drive reservoir 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pato, Sergio Luiz de Moraes

    1967-01-01

    A STUDY OF THE MATERIAL BALANCE TECHNIQUES FOR ESTIMATING THE INITIAL OIL IN PLACE IN AN UNDERSATURATED WATER DRIVE RESERVOIR A Thesis By SERGIO LUIZ DE MORAES PATO Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A&M University in partial... By SERGIO LUIZ DE MORAES PATO Approved as to style and content by: Chairma of Committee Head of Department Member Member August 1967 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The author wishes to thank the Petroleo Brasileiro S/A-PETROBRAS for providing the financial...

  5. Beyond the Seas: Eighteenth-Century Convict Transportation and the Widening Net of Penal Sanctions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyer, Willow Mary

    2011-01-01

    the Deck by Piling Up Sanctions: Is Intermediate Punishmentthe Widening Net of Penal Sanctions By Willow Mary Meyer AWidening Net of Penal Sanctions By Willow Mary Meyer Doctor

  6. Fact #736: July 16, 2012 Total Petroleum Imports and Net Petroleum...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    6: July 16, 2012 Total Petroleum Imports and Net Petroleum Imports: The Difference is Growing Fact 736: July 16, 2012 Total Petroleum Imports and Net Petroleum Imports: The...

  7. Targeting Net Zero Energy at Marine Corps Base Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Targeting Net Zero Energy at Marine Corps Base Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii: Assessment and Recommendations Targeting Net Zero Energy at Marine Corps Base Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii: Assessment...

  8. Density derived estimates of standing crop and net primary production in the giant kelp Macrocystis pyrifera

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reed, Daniel; Rassweiler, Andrew; Arkema, Katie

    2009-01-01

    1991) Production and standing stocks of the kelp MacrocystisDensity derived estimates of standing crop and net primarycult to measure variables of standing crop and net primary

  9. Balanced Flow Geostrophic, Inertial, Gradient, and Cyclostrophic Flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hennon, Christopher C.

    Balanced Flow Geostrophic, Inertial, Gradient, and Cyclostrophic Flow The types of atmospheric flows describe here have the following characteristics: 1) Steady state (meaning that the flows do surfaces) These are "idealized" flows, created by balances of horizontal forces. They provide a qualitative

  10. Part 1. Energy and Mass Energy Balance and Temperature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tang, Youmin

    Part 1. Energy and Mass Chapter 3. Energy Balance and Temperature #12;Introduction Solar radiation Gases also scatter energy The global energy budget A balance between incoming solar radiation and outgoing terrestrial radiation #12;Atmospheric Influences on Insolation Radiant energy is absorbed

  11. Canopy radiation transmission for an energy balance snowmelt model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tarboton, David

    January 2012. [1] To better estimate the radiation energy within and beneath the forest canopy for energy the energy balance and snowmelt beneath the forest canopy. Parsimony in terms of model complexity and dataCanopy radiation transmission for an energy balance snowmelt model Vinod Mahat1 and David G

  12. Vegetated Roof Water-Balance Model: Experimental and Model Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vegetated Roof Water-Balance Model: Experimental and Model Results James A. Sherrard Jr.1 and Jennifer M. Jacobs, M.ASCE2 Abstract: A five parameter, daily vegetated roof water balance model (VR-WBM) was developed, calibrated, and validated by using experimental vegetated roof data from the Seacoast, New

  13. Mechatronic design of a ball-on-plate balancing system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Awtar, Shorya

    Mechatronic design of a ball-on-plate balancing system Shorya Awtar, C. Bernard, N. Boklund, A the conception and development of a ball-on-plate balancing system based on mechatronic design principles was designed and built by students as part of the course Mechatronics System Design at Rensselaer. Ó 2002

  14. Heuristics for Balancing Turbine Fans Samir V. Amiouny

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bartholdi III, John J.

    Reiger, 1986. In some cases, such as in the constructionof hydraulic, steam or gas turbines, fan blades to counteract the residual un- balance. For gas and steam turbines, this is necessary not only when the engineHeuristics for Balancing Turbine Fans Samir V. Amiouny John J. Bartholdi, III John H. Vande Vate

  15. Seasonal mass balance gradients in Norway L. A. Rasmussen1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rasmussen, L.A.

    16 Aug 05 Seasonal mass balance gradients in Norway L. A. Rasmussen1 and L. M. Andreassen2 1 Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate (NVE) P. O. Box 5091 Majorstua, N-0301 Oslo, Norway in Norway exists in their profiles of both seasonal balances, winter bw(z) and summer bs(z). Unlike many

  16. Load Balancing in Wireless Sensor Networks using Kirchhoff's Voltage Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toumpis, Stavros

    Load Balancing in Wireless Sensor Networks using Kirchhoff's Voltage Law Stavros Toumpis Electrical balancing in wireless networks with a single class of traffic, focusing our attention on an important example, i.e., Wireless Sensor Networks. The analysis is based on the Wireless Minimum Cost Problem

  17. EPLA: Energy-balancing Packets Scheduling for Airborne Relaying Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New South Wales, University of

    of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). We propose an energy-efficient relaying scheme which is able to overcomeEPLA: Energy-balancing Packets Scheduling for Airborne Relaying Networks Kai Li1 Wei Ni2 Xin Wang3 then schedules UAVs' forwarding with guaranteed success rates and balanced energy consumption. Such scheduling

  18. Inequalities for Zero-Balanced Hypergeometric Functions Author(s): G. D. Anderson, R. W. Barnard, K. C. Richards, M. K. Vamanamurthy, M. Vuorinen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barnard, Roger

    your acceptance of JSTOR's Terms and Conditions of Use, available at http://www.jstor.org/page/info the discovery and use of these resources. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support and natural sciences [Ask2]. Many elementary transcendentalfunctions are specialcasesorlimitingcasesof F(a, b

  19. Means and method of balancing multi-cylinder reciprocating machines

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Corey, John A. (North Troy, NY); Walsh, Michael M. (Schenectady, NY)

    1985-01-01

    A virtual balancing axis arrangement is described for multi-cylinder reciprocating piston machines for effectively balancing out imbalanced forces and minimizing residual imbalance moments acting on the crankshaft of such machines without requiring the use of additional parallel-arrayed balancing shafts or complex and expensive gear arrangements. The novel virtual balancing axis arrangement is capable of being designed into multi-cylinder reciprocating piston and crankshaft machines for substantially reducing vibrations induced during operation of such machines with only minimal number of additional component parts. Some of the required component parts may be available from parts already required for operation of auxiliary equipment, such as oil and water pumps used in certain types of reciprocating piston and crankshaft machine so that by appropriate location and dimensioning in accordance with the teachings of the invention, the virtual balancing axis arrangement can be built into the machine at little or no additional cost.

  20. Ex-ante greenhouse gas balance 31 Sci. Agric. (Piracicaba, Braz.), v.67, n.1,p.31-40, January/February 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    emissions and Carbon (C) sequestration. EX-ACT is a land-based accounting system, measuring C stocks, stock author ABSTRACT: EX-ACT (EX-Ante Carbon-balance Tool) is a tool developed sector are mostly from the 4th Assessment Report of IPCC (2007). Thus, EX-ACT allows for the carbon

  1. n errla lona Guest Author -

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F R p · Fiber Remforced Plastics n errla lona·········· Guest Author - Dr. Aftab Mufti. P-Stengthening Using Prestressed Carbon Fiber Sheets In recent years, researthers at EMfA Duhendorl, Switzerland, have been working extensively on ~.I ,trengtllening reinforced concrete member.; u,mg lillht· weight carbon

  2. Designated Responsible Authority (DRA) Training

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    · The role of Designated Responsible Authority (DRA) is defined in the Using Vehicles for University Business policy. · The head of each University department with permanently assigned vehicles must appoint. Be familiar with the policies and related documents governing the use of University vehicles, and direct

  3. JOURNAL AUTHORS SURVEY Prepared by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stevenson, Paul

    JISC/OSI JOURNAL AUTHORS SURVEY Report Prepared by Key Perspectives Ltd 48 Old Coach Road, Playing behind its development 4 2.2 Models and definitions of open access 8 2.2.1 Open access journals 8 2 4.1 Respondent profiles 18 4.2 Awareness of open access journals 18 4.2.1 Extent and longevity

  4. Danish Energy Authority Project Document

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for larger existing buildings subject to major renovation 4. Energy performance certification (energyDanish Energy Authority Project Document Implementation of the EU directive on the energy performance of buildings: Development of the Latvian Scheme for energy auditing of buildings and inspection

  5. Danish Energy Authority Final Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on the energy performance for larger existing buildings subject to major renovation 4. Energy performanceDanish Energy Authority Final Report Implementation of the EU directive on the energy performance of buildings: Development of the Latvian Scheme for energy auditing of buildings and inspection of boilers

  6. With Compliments of the Author

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Meirong

    Operators and Matrices With Compliments of the Author OaM-08-50 889­899 Zagreb, Croatia Volume 8, Croatia. All correspondence and subscription orders should be addressed to the Editorial Office: www, Croatia Fax: +385 1 6008799 The content of this publication is indexed in Mathematical Reviews (Math

  7. Interstellar Turbulence, Cloud Formation and Pressure Balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Enrique Vazquez-Semadeni

    1998-10-23

    We discuss HD and MHD compressible turbulence as a cloud-forming and cloud-structuring mechanism in the ISM. Results from a numerical model of the turbulent ISM at large scales suggest that the phase-like appearance of the medium, the typical values of the densities and magnetic field strengths in the intercloud medium, as well as Larson's velocity dispersion-size scaling relation in clouds may be understood as consequences of the interstellar turbulence. However, the density-size relation appears to only hold for the densest simulated clouds, there existing a large population of small, low-density clouds, which, on the other hand, are hardest to observe. We then discuss several tests and implications of a fully dynamical picture of interstellar clouds. The results imply that clouds are transient, constantly being formed, distorted and disrupted by the turbulent velocity field, with a fraction of these fluctuations undergoing gravitational collapse. Simulated line profiles and estimated cloud lifetimes are consistent with observational data. In this scenario, we suggest it is quite unlikely that quasi-hydrostatic structures on any scale can form, and that the near pressure balance between clouds and the intercloud medium is an incidental consequence of the density field driven by the turbulence and in the presence of appropriate cooling, rather than a driving or confining mechanism.

  8. Balanced homodyne detectors and Casimir energy densities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Marecki

    2008-03-22

    We recall and generalize the analysis of the output of the so-called balanced homodyne detectors. The most important feature of these detectors is their ability to quantify the vacuum fluctuations of the electric field, that is expectation values of products of (quantum-) electric-field operators. More precisely, the output of BHDs provides information on the one- and two-point functions of arbitrary states of quantum fields. We generalize the analysis of the response of BHDs to the case of quantum fields under influence of static external conditions such as cavities or polarizable media. By recalling the expressions for two-point functions of quantum fields in Casimir geometries we show, that a rich, position- and frequency-dependent pattern of BHD responses is predicted for ground states. This points to a potentially new characterization of quantum fields in Casimir setups which would not only complement the current global methods (Casimir forces), but also improve understanding of sub-vacuum energy densities present in some regions in these geometries.

  9. Real-time applications of neural nets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spencer, J.E.

    1989-05-01

    Producing, accelerating and colliding very high power, low emittance beams for long periods is a formidable problem in real-time control. As energy has grown exponentially in time so has the complexity of the machines and their control systems. Similar growth rates have occurred in many areas, e.g., improved integrated circuits have been paid for with comparable increases in complexity. However, in this case, reliability, capability and cost have improved due to reduced size, high production and increased integration which allow various kinds of feedback. In contrast, most large complex systems (LCS) are perceived to lack such possibilities because only one copy is made. Neural nets, as a metaphor for LCS, suggest ways to circumvent such limitations. It is argued that they are logically equivalent to multi-loop feedback/forward control of faulty systems. While complimentary to AI, they mesh nicely with characteristics desired for real-time systems. Such issues are considered, examples given and possibilities discussed. 21 refs., 6 figs.

  10. Renewable Generation Effect on Net Regional Energy Interchange: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Diakov, Victor; Brinkman, Gregory; Denholm, Paul; Jenkin, Thomas; Margolis, Robert

    2015-07-30

    Using production-cost model (PLEXOS), we simulate the Western Interchange (WECC) at several levels of the yearly renewable energy (RE) generation, between 13% and 40% of the total load for the year. We look at the overall energy exchange between a region and the rest of the system (net interchange, NI), and find it useful to examine separately (i) (time-)variable and (ii) year-average components of the NI. Both contribute to inter-regional energy exchange, and are affected by wind and PV generation in the system. We find that net load variability (in relatively large portions of WECC) is the leading factor affecting the variable component of inter-regional energy exchange, and the effect is quantifiable: higher regional net load correlation with the rest of the WECC lowers net interchange variability. Further, as the power mix significantly varies between WECC regions, effects of ‘flexibility import’ (regions ‘borrow’ ramping capability) are also observed.

  11. On performance bounds for interval Time Petri Nets Simona Bernardi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernardi, Simona

    Ingenier´ia de Sistemas Universidad de Zaragoza, Spain jcampos@unizar.es Abstract Interval time Petri Nets and Technol- ogy and the project PERF of the Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research. tivities

  12. Petri Net Modelling of Biological Regulatory Claudine Chaouiya a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Provence Aix-Marseille I, Université de

    Petri Net Modelling of Biological Regulatory Networks Claudine Chaouiya a Elisabeth Remy b Denis, France Abstract The complexity of biological regulatory networks often defies the intuition insight in their dynamical properties. One qualitative approach consists in modelling regulatory networks

  13. San Antonio City Public Service (CPS Energy)- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Net metering is available to customers of CPS Energy. There is no aggregate capacity limit or maximum system size. There are also no commissioning fees or facilities charges for customers.

  14. heavy-snowfall area. The annual NEP (net ecosystem productiv-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    heavy-snowfall area. The annual NEP (net ecosystem productiv- ity) observed by eddy covariance and the duration of the growing season were important factors with regards to annual NEP. Additional detailed

  15. Application for a Certificate of Public Good for Net Metered...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    for a Certificate of Public Good for Net Metered Power Systems that are Non-Photovoltaic Systems Up to 150 kW (AC) in Capacity Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference...

  16. Robust manufacturing system design using petri nets and bayesian methods 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharda, Bikram

    2008-10-10

    robust design configuration, designers need accurate methods to model various uncertainties and efficient ways to search for feasible configurations. The dissertation work uses a multi-objective Genetic Algorithm (GA) and Petri net based modeling...

  17. October 16, 2012, Webinar: Net-Zero-Energy Communities

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This webinar was held October 16, 2012, and provided information on net-zero-energy communities in California and Hawaii. Download the presentations below, watch the webinar (WMV 159 MB), or view...

  18. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | September 27, 2012: QuarkNet...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    RELEASE QuarkNet program receives 6.1 million NSF award to advance science education Hi-res | Med-res Steven Grosland, physics teacher at Glenbrook South High School in...

  19. Higher Moments of Net Proton Multiplicity Distributions at RHIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balewski, Jan T.

    We report the first measurements of the kurtosis (? [kappa]), skewness (S), and variance (? [sigma] [superscript 2]) of net-proton multiplicity (N [subscript p]-N [subscript p?] ) distributions at midrapidity for Au+Au ...

  20. North America's net terrestrial CO2 exchange with the atmosphere...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    a synthesis of net land-atmosphere CO2 exchange for North America (Canada, United States, and Mexico) over the period 1990-2009. Only CO2 is considered, not methane or...

  1. The energy balance in polars revisited

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gavin Ramsay; Mark Cropper

    2003-09-19

    In the EXOSAT and ROSAT eras a significant number of polars were found to show a soft/hard X-ray ratio much greater than that expected from the standard accretion shock model. This was known as the `soft X-ray excess'. We have made an snapshot survey of polars using XMM-Newton and determined their soft/hard ratios. We find that less than one in five of systems show a significant soft X-ray excess, while the rest show ratios consistent with that predicted by the standard model. We have investigated the discrepancy between this and the previous investigations by re-examining all the available ROSAT PSPC pointed observations of polars using more recent calibrations than in the original studies. We find that these data show an energy balance ratio which is broadly consistent with that of our XMM-Newton results. We conclude that the previous studies were affected by the data being less well calibrated. We discuss which physical mechanisms might give rise to a high soft X-ray excess and whether systems with high ratios show more variation in soft X-rays. Surprisingly, we find that 6 out of 21 systems found in a high accretion state did not show a distinct soft X-ray component. Two systems showed one pole with such a component and one which did not. Based on the ratio of the observed soft X-ray to UV flux measurements (which were obtained simultaneously using the Optical Monitor) we suggest that this is because the reprocessed component in these systems is cool enough to have moved out of the soft X-ray band and into the EUV or UV band.

  2. Control of carbon balance in a silicon smelting furnace

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dosaj, V.D.; Haines, C.M.; May, J.B.; Oleson, J.D.

    1992-12-29

    The present invention is a process for the carbothermic reduction of silicon dioxide to form elemental silicon. Carbon balance of the process is assessed by measuring the amount of carbon monoxide evolved in offgas exiting the furnace. A ratio of the amount of carbon monoxide evolved and the amount of silicon dioxide added to the furnace is determined. Based on this ratio, the carbon balance of the furnace can be determined and carbon feed can be adjusted to maintain the furnace in carbon balance.

  3. Dynamic balancing of planar mechanisms using toric geometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, Brian; Gosselin, Clement M

    2007-01-01

    In this paper, a new method to determine the complete set of dynamically balanced planar four-bar mechanims is presented. Using complex variables to model the kinematics of the mechanism, the dynamic balancing constraints are written as algebraic equations over complex variables and joint angular velocities. After elimination of the joint angular velocity variables, the problem is formulated as a problem of factorization of Laurent polynomials. Using toric polynomial division, necessary and sufficient conditions for dynamic balancing of planar four-bar mechanisms are derived.

  4. Differential flow in heavy-ion collisions at balance energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bao-An Li; Andrew T. Sustich

    1999-05-18

    A strong differential transverse collective flow is predicted for the first time to occur in heavy-ion collisions at balance energies. We also give a novel explanation for the disappearance of the total transverse collective flow at the balance energies. It is further shown that the differential flow especially at high transverse momenta is a useful microscope capable of resolving the balance energy's dual sensitivity to both the nuclear equation of state and in-medium nucleon-nucleon cross sections in the reaction dynamics.

  5. Effect of Sex of Subject and Experimenter on Hemispheric Balance 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ford, Joan; Wilkes, Chris; Crissman, Sue; Barchas, Pat

    2015-08-15

    stream_source_info #61 Effect of Sex of Subject and Experimenter on Hemispheric Balance.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 28922 Content-Encoding UTF-8 stream_name #61 Effect of Sex of Subject and Experimenter... on Hemispheric Balance.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 A TECHNICAL REPORT The Laboratory for Social Research STANFORD, CALIFORNIASTANFORD UNIVERSITY EFFECT OF SEX OF SUBJECT AMD EXPERIMENTER OH HEMISPHERIC BALANCE Joan Ford Chris...

  6. A TIME-DERIVATIVE NEURAL NET ARCHITECTURE -AN ALTERNATIVE TO THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A TIME-DERIVATIVE NEURAL NET ARCHITECTURE -AN ALTERNATIVE TO THE TIME-DELAY NEURAL NET ARCHITECTURE-Though the time-delay neural net architecture has been recently used in a number of speech recognition can improve the recognition performance. In this paper, a time-derivarive neural net architecture

  7. Modeling Physical Quantities in Industrial Systems using Fluid Stochastic Petri Nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gribaudo, Marco

    of a case study, in which the quantity to be regulated is a real fluid quantity: the fuel demand in a gas: Start Fuel Controller 2 Fluid Stochastic Petri Nets Fluid Stochastic Petri Nets are Petri net basedModeling Physical Quantities in Industrial Systems using Fluid Stochastic Petri Nets M. Gribaudo

  8. Central Characterization Program (CCP) Transuranic Authorized...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Authorized Methods for Payload Control Central Characterization Program (CCP) Transuranic Authorized Methods for Payload Control This document was used to determine facts and...

  9. Energy Department Authorizes Corpus Christi Liquefaction Project...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Authorizes Corpus Christi Liquefaction Project to Export Liquefied Natural Gas Energy Department Authorizes Corpus Christi Liquefaction Project to Export Liquefied Natural Gas May...

  10. Peoria Tribe: Housing Authority- 2010 Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Housing Authority of the Peoria Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma (Peoria Housing Authority or PHA) will conduct the "PHA Weatherization Training Project."

  11. Obama Administration Announces Billions in Lending Authority...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Billions in Lending Authority for Renewable Energy Projects and to Modernize the Grid Obama Administration Announces Billions in Lending Authority for Renewable Energy Projects and...

  12. Application of multiscale water and energy balance models on a tallgrass prairie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Famiglietti, J. S; Wood, E. F

    1994-01-01

    of multiscale water and energy balance models on a tallgrassOF MULTISCALE WATER AND ENERGY BALANCE MODELS I •l I •. [models of water and energy balance, Ph.D. dissertation,

  13. The effect of post-fire stand age on the boreal forest energy balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    R. , Lee, X. , 1997. Energy balance and canopy conductanceon the boreal forest energy balance B.D. Amiro a,b, *, A.L.reserved. Keywords: Energy balance; Forest fire; Boreal

  14. The effect of post-fire stand age on the boreal forest energy balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    Lee, X. , 1997. Energy balance and canopy conductance of aon the boreal forest energy balance B.D. Amiro a,b, *, A.L.further alter the radiation balance and energy partitioning,

  15. Mass balance of the Greenland ice sheet from 1958 to 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rignot, E; Rignot, E; Box, JE; Burgess, E; Hanna, E

    2008-01-01

    ice sheet surface mass balance varia- bility (1988 – 2004)5 L20502 RIGNOT ET AL. : MASS BALANCE GREENLAND 1958 – 20072005), Runoff and mass balance of the Greenland ice sheet:

  16. Integration of Low-Skilled Immigrants to the United-States and Work-Family Balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Girard, Magali

    2012-01-01

    Conceptualizing Work­Family Balance:  Implications for and their Work­Life Balance (pp.  252­272).  Cambridge New Theory of Work/Family  Balance” Human Relations 53(6): 

  17. Water balance of the Arctic drainage system using GRACE gravimetry products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frappart, F; Ramillien, G; Famiglietti, JS

    2011-01-01

    of the Arctic Ocean freshwater balance and their interannualInteractions, 2, pp. 1–37. Water balance of the Arctic usingEWG climatology. Water balance of the Arctic using GRACE

  18. CO2 balance of boreal, temperate, and tropical forests derived from a global database

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01

    2486.2007.01439.x CO 2 balance of boreal, temperate, andR T et al. Fig. 10 Observed CO 2 balance for boreal biomes.These CO 2 balances were not closed and therefore the

  19. The effect of post-fire stand age on the boreal forest energy balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    R. , Lee, X. , 1997. Energy balance and canopy conductancereserved. Keywords: Energy balance; Forest fire; Borealon the boreal forest energy balance B.D. Amiro a,b, *, A.L.

  20. Energy balance and partition in Inner Mongolia steppe ecosystems with different land use types

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Jiquan

    Energy balance and partition in Inner Mongolia steppe ecosystems with different land use types surface, including radiation balance, energy partitioning, aerodynamic characteristics, leaf area index records of the surface energy balance are currently available for grassland ecosystems, especially

  1. Application of multiscale water and energy balance models on a tallgrass prairie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Famiglietti, J. S; Wood, E. F

    1994-01-01

    models of water and energy balance, Ph.D. dissertation,variable water and energy balance processes, Water Resour.OF MULTISCALE WATER AND ENERGY BALANCE MODELS sented at the

  2. The balance between theoretical method and basis set quality: A systematic study of equilibrium geometries, dipole moments,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crawford, T. Daniel

    The balance between theoretical method and basis set quality: A systematic study of equilibrium the best balance between theoretical method and basis set quality. This "balance" was evident

  3. FACULTY EXCELLENCE Syracuse University's balanced commitment to scholarship, teaching,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McConnell, Terry

    FACULTY EXCELLENCE Syracuse University's balanced commitment to scholarship, teaching, and research, college, or unit. The Power of Endowment #12;If you have ever thought about endowing a faculty position in an equal commitment from the dean of the school or

  4. Fact #674: May 9, 2011 Petroleum Trade Balance

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The trade balance (exports minus imports) for petroleum has been negative for more than a quarter of a century, meaning that the U.S. imports more petroleum than it exports. The largest petroleum...

  5. Balance-of-System Equipment Required for Renewable Energy Systems...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Both grid-connected and off-grid home renewable energy systems require additional balance-of-system equipment. Both grid-connected and off-grid home renewable energy...

  6. On Load Balancing in a Dense Wireless Multihop Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hyytiä, Esa

    3000, FIN 02015 TKK, Finland Abstract-- We study the load balancing problem in a dense wireless Research Center and by the Academy of Finland (grant n:o 202204). maximum is not a topic of this paper

  7. OBJECTIVE EVALUATION OF FUNCTIONAL ANKLE INSTABILITY AND BALANCE EXERCISE TREATMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jain, Tarang Kumar

    2014-08-31

    OBJECTIVE EVALUATION OF FUNCTIONAL ANKLE INSTABILITY AND BALANCE EXERCISE TREATMENT By Copyright 2014 Tarang Kumar Jain D.P.T., University of Kansas Medical Center, 2012 B.P.T., MGM Medical College, DAVV University, Indore, INDIA, 2003...

  8. Microsoft Word - Energy balancing rate settlement signals commitment...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    RELEASE Thursday, May 16, 2013 CONTACT: Doug Johnson, 503-230-5840 or 503-230-5131 Energy balancing rate settlement signals commitment to work on broader solutions Portland,...

  9. Work/Family Balance for Men in Student Affairs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Shailendra Mohan

    2012-07-16

    This qualitative study will examine the concept of work/family demand specifically through the lens of male student affairs practitioners. Work family balance has been identified as a critical issue for the field of HRD impacting both individual...

  10. Relative efficiency of land surface energy balance components

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bateni, S. M.

    [1] The partitioning of available energy into dissipative fluxes over land surfaces is dependent on the state variable of the surface energy balance (land surface temperature) and the state variable of the surface water ...

  11. A BALANCED DIPLOMACY TOURNAMENT ANDREW ASH, J. MARSHALL ASH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ash, J. Marshall

    A BALANCED DIPLOMACY TOURNAMENT ANDREW ASH, J. MARSHALL ASH , TIMOTHY L. MCMURRY, AND BRIDGETPaul University Faculty Summer Research Grants. 1 #12;2 A. ASH, J. M. ASH, T. L. MCMURRY, AND B. E. TENNER

  12. Numerical balancing in a humidification dehumidification desalination system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Jacob A., S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2011-01-01

    This thesis details research on the thermal and concentration balancing of a humidification dehumidification desalination system. The system operates similarly to the natural rain cycle. Seawater is heated, sprayed into ...

  13. -Author to whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mails: hgintis@mediaone.net; easmith@u.washington.edu;

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Eric Alden

    at http://www.idealibrary.com on Costly Signaling and Cooperation HERBERT GINTIS*-, ERIC ALDEN SMITH; Nowak & Sigmund, 1998; Wedekind & Milinski, 2000; Leimar & Hammer- stein, 2001), and multilevel

  14. NetCooperate User Manual NetCooperate is a toolkit for calculating host-microbe and microbe-microbe cooperation, available as an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borenstein, Elhanan

    NetCooperate User Manual NetCooperate is a toolkit for calculating host-microbe and microbe-microbe To determine the BSS between a host and endosymbiont or the MCI between a pair of microbes, the user simply

  15. Low Temperature Fuel Cell and Electrolyzer Balance-of-Plant Manufactur...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Fuel Cell and Electrolyzer Balance-of-Plant Manufacturing Needs Low Temperature Fuel Cell and Electrolyzer Balance-of-Plant Manufacturing Needs Presented at the NREL Hydrogen and...

  16. Holocene hydrologic balance of tropical South America from oxygen isotopes of lake sediment opal, Venezuelan Andes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfe, Alexander P.

    Holocene hydrologic balance of tropical South America from oxygen isotopes of lake sediment opal.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: oxygen isotopes; biogenic opal; hydrologic balance; Holocene; Venezuela

  17. GRANT SUMMARY REPORT by INDEX Balance as of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurapov, Alexander

    GRANT SUMMARY REPORT by INDEX Beginning Balance as of July 1 Actual Inception-to- Date Current/100)) = $2,093.48) Project Start: 7/1/2009 Current End: 1/1/2012 Index: F0000A - SES APSF Grwth Pro Sci Degr,840.00 $19,539.17 **Projected F&A Cost: $2,093.48 Available Balance: $17,445.69 ** Less F&A calculation

  18. Balancing of high speed, flexible rotating shafts across critical speeds 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Gary Paul

    1977-01-01

    BALANCING OF HIGH SPEED, FLEXIBLE ROTATING SHAFTS ACROSS CRITICAL SPEEDS A Thesis by Gary Paul White Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... August 1977 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering Gary Paul White 1977 BALANCING OF HIGH SPEED, FLEXIBLE ROTATING SHAFTS ACROSS CRITICAL SPEEDS A Thesis by GARY PAUL WHITE Approved as to style and content by: Head of Department Member August...

  19. Off-balance-sheet financing to the refining industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jenkins, J.H. [Pace Consultants Inc., Houston, TX (United States)

    1995-09-01

    Off-balance-sheet lending, or project finance, is becoming an increasingly popular means of capital formation in the refining and petrochemical industries. However, these transactions are substantially different from traditional corporate lending, and the demands placed on the borrower to examine, substantiate, and support the project are far greater. The following paper examines ways in which international banks and other lenders evaluate off-balance-sheet refinery projects and suggests ways to better structure financial representations.

  20. Detailed balance in micro-and macrokinetics and micro-distinguishability of macro-processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Detailed balance in micro- and macrokinetics and micro-distinguishability of macro-processes A. N a general framework for the discussion of detailed balance and analyse its microscopic background. We find of detailed balance. Keywords: kinetic equation, random process, microreversibility, detailed balance

  1. Static balance control and external force estimation using ground reaction forces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ito, Satoshi

    Static balance control and external force estimation using ground reaction forces Satoshi ITO1 In this paper, we consider a balance control with focus- ing on ground reaction forces. As an example of balance control, the static balance with constant external forces act- ing is treated. Ankle joint torque is used

  2. Annals of Glaciology 50 2009 215 South Cascade Glacier mass balance, 19352006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rasmussen, L.A.

    Annals of Glaciology 50 2009 215 South Cascade Glacier mass balance, 1935­2006 L.A. RASMUSSEN station to estimate glacier-average seasonal mass-balance components at South Cascade Glacier, Washington the model's error in estimating winter balance and summer balance over 1959­2006 is greater than

  3. Energy Balance in Wireless Networks Using Connection Segmentation and Range Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simha, Rahul

    Energy Balance in Wireless Networks Using Connection Segmentation and Range Control Nitin Kumar are optimized to balance energy consumption across the network. This paper formulates an en­ ergy balance­ nalized for their important role in network operation. While route selection to balance energy [13], [31

  4. Synthesis and Analysis of Product-form Petri Nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haddad, Serge; Nguyen, Hoang-Thach

    2011-01-01

    For a large Markovian model, a "product form" is an explicit description of the steady-state behaviour which is otherwise generally untractable. Being first introduced in queueing networks, it has been adapted to Markovian Petri nets. Here we address three relevant issues for product-form Petri nets which were left fully or partially open: (1) we provide a sound and complete set of rules for the synthesis; (2) we characterise the exact complexity of classical problems like reachability; (3) we introduce a new subclass for which the normalising constant (a crucial value for product-form expression) can be efficiently computed.

  5. Targeting Net Zero Energy at Fort Carson: Assessment and Recommendations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, K.; Markel, T.; Simpson, M.; Leahey, J.; Rockenbaugh, C.; Lisell, L.; Burman, K.; Singer, M.

    2011-10-01

    The U.S. Army's Fort Carson installation was selected to serve as a prototype for net zero energy assessment and planning. NREL performed the comprehensive assessment to appraise the potential of Fort Carson to achieve net zero energy status through energy efficiency, renewable energy, and electric vehicle integration. This report summarizes the results of the assessment and provides energy recommendations. This study is part of a larger cross-laboratory effort that also includes an assessment of renewable opportunities at seven other DoD Front Range installations, a microgrid design for Fort Carson critical loads and an assessment of regulatory and market-based barriers to a regional secure smart grid.

  6. Medium Power Lead Alloy Fast Reactor Balance of Plant Options

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vaclav Dosta; Pavel Hejzlar; Neil E. Todreas; Jacopo Buongiorno

    2004-09-01

    Proper selection of the power conversion cycle is a very important step in the design of a nuclear reactor. Due to the higher core outlet temperature (~550°C) compared to that of light water reactors (~300°C), a wide portfolio of power cycles is available for the lead alloy fast reactor (LFR). Comparison of the following cycles for the LFR was performed: superheated steam (direct and indirect), supercritical steam, helium Brayton, and supercritical CO2 (S-CO2) recompression. Heat transfer from primary to secondary coolant was first analyzed and then the steam generators or heat exchangers were designed. The direct generation of steam in the lead alloy coolant was also evaluated. The resulting temperatures of the secondary fluids are in the range of 530-545°C, dictated by the fixed space available for the heat exchangers in the reactor vessel. For the direct steam generation situation, the temperature is 312°C. Optimization of each power cycle was carried out, yielding net plant efficiency of around 40% for the superheated steam cycle while the supercritical steam and S-CO2 cycles achieved net plant efficiency of 41%. The cycles were then compared based on their net plant efficiency and potential for low capital cost. The superheated steam cycle is a very good candidate cycle given its reasonably high net plant efficiency and ease of implementation based on the extensive knowledge and operating experience with this cycle. Although the supercritical steam cycle net plant efficiency is slightly better than that of the superheated steam cycle, its high complexity and high pressure result in higher capital cost, negatively affecting plant economics. The helium Brayton cycle achieves low net plant efficiency due to the low lead alloy core outlet temperature, and therefore, even though it is a simpler cycle than the steam cycles, its performance is mediocre in this application. The prime candidate, however, appears to be the S-CO2 recompression cycle, because it achieves about the same net plant efficiency as the supercritical steam cycle and is significantly simpler than the steam cycles. Moreover, the S-CO2 cycle offers a significantly higher potential for an increase in efficiency than steam cycles, after better materials allow the LFR operating temperatures to be increased. Therefore, the S-CO2 is chosen as the reference cycle for the LFR, with the superheated or supercritical steam cycles as backups if the S-CO2 cycle development efforts do not succeed.

  7. Benchmark Measurements of the Ionization Balance of Non-LTE Gold

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heeter, R F; Hansen, S B; Fournier, K B; Foord, M E; Froula, D H; Mackinnon, A J; May, M J; Schneider, M B; Young, B F

    2007-04-20

    The authors present a series of benchmark measurements of the ionization balance of well characterized gold plasmas with and without external radiation fields at electron densities near 10{sup 21} cm{sup -3} and various electron temperatures spanning the range 0.8 to 2.4 keV. They have analyzed time- and space-resolved M-shell gold emission spectra using a sophisticated collisional-radiative model with hybrid level structure, finding average ion changes ranging from 42 to 50. At the lower temperatures, the spectra exhibit significant sensitivity to external radiation fields and include emission features from complex N-shell ions not previously studied at these densities. The measured spectra and inferred provide a stringent test for non-local thermodynamic equilibrium (non-LTE) models of complex high-Z ions.

  8. Flexible Visual Authoring Using Operation History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Su, Sara

    Flexible Visual Authoring Using Operation History Sara Su Massachusetts Institute of Technology l Revisiting history Storing and retrieving state Hierarchical authoring Grouping, structure, selections #12;Operations and selections today Uses of history System activity logs, instrumentation (not our focus

  9. Assessing regional evapotranspiration and water balance across a Mediterranean montane climate gradient

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Ray G.; Jin, Yufang; Goulden, Michael L.

    2012-01-01

    EF maps, and multiplied EF by net radiation and groundb) Map of annually averaged available energy (net radiation-radiation (Rn), ground heat ?ux (G) and available energy (AE) used to calculate ET from EF maps.

  10. Detailed balance The key idea in most practical MCMC methods is reversibility or

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Green, Peter

    Detailed balance The key idea in most practical MCMC methods is reversibility or , i.e. a balance is in detailed balance with respect to � if for all ¼ , ´ µ�´ ¼ µ 73 Why does detailed balance ensure the correct stationary distribution? Suppose ´ µ�´ ¼ µ ´ ¼ µ�´ ¼ µ Sum both sides over : we have "global balance": ´ µ

  11. GM-Ford-Chrysler: Allocating Loan Authority

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Statement from GM, Ford, and Chrysler: "Allocating the $25 Billion in Direct Loan Authority to Loan Applicants"

  12. Assigning gas balancing rights in the absence of a gas balancing agreement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moon, M.S.

    1993-01-01

    When two or more working interest owners share an undivided interest in a natural gas well, it is not uncommon for production imbalances to occur. Sometimes such imbalances are remedied pursuant to a gas balancing agreement (GBA) entered into by the interest owners. However, if no GBA is entered into, the common law rules of cotenancy and any other agreement between the parties will be used to cure the production imbalance. In [open quotes]Weiser-Brown Oil Co. v. Samson Resources Co.[close quotes], the Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit held that, absent a GBA, a co-owner has no contractual right to recoup underproduction, only a right to an accounting as between cotenants, and that this right to an accounting does not run with the land to subsequent cotenants, but is only personal to the cotenant who has underproduced. This note analyzes the [open quotes]Weiser-Brown[close quotes] decision by first addressing the common law of cotenancy and how the common law is affected by the existence of an operating agreement. The conclusion reached is that, under an operating agreement, the right to make up an underproduction, even absent a GBA, is an assignable contract right, and that this right runs with the land to inure to subsequent grantees of the original part to the operating agreement.

  13. State authorization manual. Volume 2. Appendices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brugler-Jones, S.

    1990-10-01

    The document provides the supportive appendices for Volume 1 of the State Authorization Manual (SAM), which provides guidance for States applying for program revisions to their authorized RCRA State program. Among the appendices are: various program checklists, lists of revision checklists by cluster, model Federal Register Notices, guidance for State Authorization Files, and guidance for using Wordperfect files and for CFR files.

  14. New Directions: A facelift for the picture of the global energy balance Earth's climate is largely regulated by the global energy balance,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischlin, Andreas

    New Directions: A facelift for the picture of the global energy balance Earth's climate is largely regulated by the global energy balance, which considers the energy flows within the climate system a perturbation of this energy balance, through a modification of the energy flows in the polluted atmosphere

  15. Balancing Student Rights and the Need for Safe Schools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hachiya, Robert Francis

    2010-04-23

    . 478 U.S. 675 (1986); Hazelwood School District v. Kuhlmeier. 484 U.S. 260 (1988); Morse v. Frederick. 551 U.S. 393 (2007).] 12 The importance of the Tinker decision to the issue of balancing student speech and the responsibility of school.... 478 U.S. 675 (1986); Hazelwood School District v. Kuhlmeier. 484 U.S. 260 (1988); Morse v. Frederick. 551 U.S. 393 (2007).] 12 The importance of the Tinker decision to the issue of balancing student speech and the responsibility of school...

  16. Isospin effects on the mass dependence of balance energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sakshi Gautam; Aman D. Sood

    2010-07-09

    We study the effect of isospin degree of freedom on balance energy throughout the mass range between 50 and 350 for two sets of isotopic systems with N/Z = 1.16 and 1.33 as well as isobaric systems with N/Z = 1.0 and 1.4. Our findings indicate that different values of balance energy for two isobaric systems may be mainly due to the Coulomb repulsion. We also demonstrate clearly the dominance of Coulomb repulsion over symmetry energy.

  17. www.bitmix.co.ui .NET DEVELOPMENT LEAD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kasparian, Azniv

    iCt www.bitmix.co.ui .NET DEVELOPMENT LEAD We are looking for motivated, positive team players. Responsibilities: - Lead development of an innovative set of services and tools in the mobile space; - Be ready to lead on all angles, including people, process, and technology; - Get the best from a true team

  18. Logistical quality of service in NetSolve , H. Casanovaa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dongarra, Jack

    Logistical quality of service in NetSolve M. Becka , H. Casanovaa , J. Dongarraa,*, T. Moorea , J logistical Quality of Service (logistical QoS). The concept of logistical QoS is a generalization to innovate. Our project focuses on the development of logistical QoS as enabling network functionality

  19. Analysis of some properties for a basic Petri net model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fortis, Alexandra Emilia

    2009-01-01

    The formalism of the models with Petri networks provides a sound theoretical base, supported by powerful mathematical methods able to extract information necessary for the formalism and simulation of the real system that provides features of competition and synchronization. The paper presents a model based on a Petri net, in order to extract information relative to the technological producing process of a food additive.

  20. Causal Nets: A Modeling Language Tailored Towards Process Discovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Aalst, Wil

    Causal Nets: A Modeling Language Tailored Towards Process Discovery W.M.P. van der Aalst, A focusing on the interplay between event logs (observed behavior) and process models. Process discovery Eindhoven, The Netherlands. {W.M.P.v.d.Aalst,A.Adriansyah,B.F.v.Dongen}@tue.nl Abstract. Process discovery

  1. Net-Zero Campus at University of California, Davis

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    With the help of $2.5 million in U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) funding, the University of California, Davis (UC Davis) built a net-zero community on its 130-acre West Village campus that provides housing for approximately 3,000 people in 662 apartments and 343 single-family homes.

  2. NON-DOUBLE-COUPLE EARTHQUAKES: NET FORCES AND UNCERTAINTIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foulger, G. R.

    is to hydraulic fracturing in geothermal and gas-shale reservoirs. The source mechanisms of microearthquakes) waves cannot resolve sources such as vertical dipoles. When source mechanisms include net forces, even, geothermal area. #12;Figure: Left pair: Radiation patterns of elastic compressional waves (left) and shear

  3. Comparison of Hybrid Systems and Fluid Stochastic Petri Nets \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tuffin, Bruno

    Comparison of Hybrid Systems and Fluid Stochastic Petri Nets \\Lambda Bruno Tuffin , Dong S. Chen Engineering Duke University, Durham, NC 27708­0291, U.S.A. Abstract. Hybrid Systems are models of interacting digital and continuous devices with applications in the control of aircraft, computers, or modern cars

  4. CellNet: Network Biology Applied to Stem Cell Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, James J.

    developed CellNet, a network biology platform that more accurately assesses the fidelity of cellular a platform for quantifying how closely engineered cell populations resemble their target cell type to cells resembling myoblasts (Davis et al., 1987), motor neurons (Vierbuchen et al., 2010), car

  5. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Quantification of net primary production of Chinese

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Tonglin

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Quantification of net primary production of Chinese forest ecosystems with spatial while large datasets of in-situ observed NPP are available for Chinese forest ecosystems. Here we use, and the information of climate and topography to estimate Chinese forest NPP and their associated uncertainties

  6. Towards Discovering Data Center Genome Using Sensor Nets Microsoft Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amir, Yair

    Towards Discovering Data Center Genome Using Sensor Nets Jie Liu Microsoft Research One Microsoft en- ergy consumption. Improving data center energy efficiency is a pressing issue with significant data center cooling and energy con- sumption. However, typical data centers lack effective fine

  7. Process Efficiency Measurements in the Laser Engineered Net Shaping Process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DuPont, John N.

    Process Efficiency Measurements in the Laser Engineered Net Shaping Process R.R. UNOCIC and J.N. DuPONT A study of laser energy transfer efficiency, melting efficiency, and deposition efficiency has been material. Measurements revealed that laser energy transfer efficiency ranged from 30 to 50 pct. Laser beam

  8. Methods Note/ Net Recharge vs. Depth to Groundwater

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szilagyi, Jozsef

    Methods Note/ Net Recharge vs. Depth to Groundwater Relationship in the Platte River Valley rates were correlated with depth to groundwater (d) values in the wide alluvial valley of the Platte soils with a shallow groundwater table. The transition depth (dt) between negative and positive values

  9. Semantic Sensor Net: An Extensible Framework Lionel M. Ni1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Yunhao

    (MEMS) have led to the wide deployment of large-scale wireless sensor networks (WSN), which promisesSemantic Sensor Net: An Extensible Framework Lionel M. Ni1 , Yanmin Zhu1 , Jian Ma1 , Minglu Li2-ml@cs.sjtu.edu.cn Abstract. Existing approaches for sensor networks suffer from a number of critical drawbacks. First

  10. Using GeoWordNet for Geographical Information Retrieval

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosso, Paolo

    - ambiguated and assigned their coordinates on the world map. Documents are first searched for by means of a term-based search method, and then re-ranked according to the geographical information. The results knowledge at keyword level in the Lucene1 search engine, focusing on the use of the WordNet [3] ontology

  11. ERDCTR-14-2 Army Net Zero Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    that a number of materials currently landfilled are suitable for composting, including: vegetation, food wastes. Polk suggest a composting operation producing at least 2200 tons per year (from a food wasteERDCTR-14-2 Army Net Zero Program Composting Assessment for Organic Solid Waste at Fort Polk

  12. Estimation of Parameters in Carbon Sequestration Models from Net Ecosystem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Luther

    Estimation of Parameters in Carbon Sequestration Models from Net Ecosystem Exchange Data Luther in the context of a deterministic com- partmental carbon sequestration system. Sensitivity and approximation usefulness in the estimation of parameters within a compartmental carbon sequestration model. Previously we

  13. University of Illinois at Chicago Homepage: http://imyy.net

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hurder, Steven

    Yu, Yue University of Illinois at Chicago Homepage: http://imyy.net b Office 719 SEO 851 S. Morgan Design, Parallel Computing, Data Mining and Prediction, Scientific Software, Numerical Analysis Enterprise Guide, Minitab typography LATEX, Microsoft Office scientific Matlab, Maple, R, Lingo

  14. Commons as insurance: safety nets or poverty traps? Philippe Delacote

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langerhans, Brian

    Commons as insurance: safety nets or poverty traps? Philippe Delacote Economics Department, EUI. The aim of this paper is to consider the potential poverty-trap implications of this use. If the capacity, the introduction of an insurance scheme could be an exit to the poverty trap and relax pressure on the resource

  15. Casting polymer nets to optimize noisy molecular codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tlusty, Tsvi

    Casting polymer nets to optimize noisy molecular codes Tsvi Tlusty* Department of Physics noise may be understood from the sta- tistics of a two-dimensional network made of polymers. The noisy. The ``polymers'' are the boundaries between these regions, and their statistics define the cost and the quality

  16. Microsoft PowerPoint - 06 Crawley Drive for Net Zero Energy Commercial...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    PROGRAM The Drive for Net-Zero Energy Commercial Buildings Drury B. Crawley, Ph.D. U.S. Department of Energy Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Net-Zero Energy Commercial...

  17. Microsoft PowerPoint - 06 Crawley Drive for Net Zero Energy Commercial...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    6 Crawley Drive for Net Zero Energy Commercial Buildings Microsoft PowerPoint - 06 Crawley Drive for Net Zero Energy Commercial Buildings Microsoft PowerPoint - 06 Crawley Drive...

  18. Reducing Data Center Loads for a Large-Scale, Net Zero Office...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Reducing Data Center Loads for a Large-Scale, Net Zero Office Building Reducing Data Center Loads for a Large-Scale, Net Zero Office Building Document describes the design,...

  19. New Zero Net-Energy Facility: A Test Bed for Home Efficiency...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    New Zero Net-Energy Facility: A Test Bed for Home Efficiency New Zero Net-Energy Facility: A Test Bed for Home Efficiency September 17, 2012 - 2:34pm Addthis Deputy Assistant...

  20. Fact #736: July 16, 2012 Total Petroleum Imports and Net Petroleum Imports: The Difference is Growing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    When referring to U.S. imports of petroleum, it is important to make the distinction between total imports and net imports. Net imports are equal to the amount of total imported petroleum minus the...

  1. Taxonomy of periodic nets and the design of materials Olaf Delgado-Friedrichs,a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yaghi, Omar M.

    Taxonomy of periodic nets and the design of materials Olaf Delgado-Friedrichs,a Michael O classification (taxonomy) of polyhedra and periodic nets that is appropriate for identifying the structures

  2. Tactical information management sys-tems increasingly run in net-centric

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tucci, Sara

    environment. For example, the Global Information Grid (GIG) is an ambitious net-centric environment being tactical information management in net-centric systems like the GIG ­ the OMG has adopted the DDS

  3. Fact #838: September 15, 2014 Net Imports of Petroleum were Only...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    8: September 15, 2014 Net Imports of Petroleum were Only 33% of U.S. Consumption in 2013 Fact 838: September 15, 2014 Net Imports of Petroleum were Only 33% of U.S. Consumption in...

  4. Continental-scale net radiation and evapotranspiration estimated using MODIS satellite observations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jin, Yufang; Randerson, James T.; Goulden, Michael L.

    2011-01-01

    1151. Priestley, C. H. , & Taylor, R. J. (1972). Assessment6 Mean ET, R net , Priestley–Taylor ?, and precipitation andbetween ET, R net , the Priestley–Taylor ? coef?cient, and

  5. Status of Net Metering: Assessing the Potential to Reach Program Caps (Poster)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heeter, J.; Bird, L.; Gelman, R.

    2014-10-01

    Several states are addressing the issue of net metering program caps, which limit the total amount of net metered generating capacity that can be installed in a state or utility service territory. In this analysis, we examine net metering caps to gain perspective on how long net metering will be available in various jurisdictions under current policies. We also surveyed state practices and experience to understand important policy design considerations.

  6. Status of Net Metering: Assessing the Potential to Reach Program Caps

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heeter, J.; Gelman, R.; Bird, L.

    2014-09-01

    Several states are addressing the issue of net metering program caps, which limit the total amount of net metered generating capacity that can be installed in a state or utility service territory. In this analysis, we examine net metering caps to gain perspective on how long net metering will be available in various jurisdictions under current policies. We also surveyed state practices and experience to understand important policy design considerations.

  7. Beam-energy and system-size dependence of dynamical net charge fluctuations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sakuma, Tai

    We present measurements of net charge fluctuations in Au+Au collisions at ?[subscript s[superscript [NN

  8. Balancing Search and Target Response in Cooperative UAV Teams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minai, Ali A.

    Balancing Search and Target Response in Cooperative UAV Teams Yan Jin, Yan Liao, Marios M of Cincinnati Cincinnati, OH 45221-0030 Abstract-- In this paper, we consider a heterogeneous team of UAVs drawn-time by the actions of all UAVs and their consequences (e.g., sensor readings), which makes the task dynamics

  9. Greening Geographical Load Balancing Zhenhua Liu, Minghong Lin,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wierman, Adam

    " renew- able energy and reduce use of "brown" fossil fuel energy. We make two contributions. First, we balanc- ing" has been suggested to reduce energy cost by exploiting the electricity price differences that if electricity is dynamically priced in proportion to the instantaneous fraction of the total energy

  10. h"p://pegasus.isi.edu Balanced Task Clustering in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deelman, Ewa

    h"p://pegasus.isi.edu Balanced Task Clustering in Scientific Workflows Weiwei Chen*, Rafael of Manchester, School of Computer Science, Manchester, U.K. Oct 24, 2013, CNCC, Beijing 1 h"p://pegasus.isi.edu #12;h"p://pegasus.isi.edu Outline · Introduction ­ Workflow Model ­ Execution Environment · Task

  11. Balancing Search and Stability: Interdependencies Among Elements of Organizational Design*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kimbrough, Steven Orla

    Balancing Search and Stability: Interdependencies Among Elements of Organizational Design* Jan W Design Abstract: We examine how and why elements of organizational design depend on one another. An agent-based simulation allows us to model three design elements and two contextual variables that have rarely been

  12. Test Administration Instructions for the Fullerton Advanced Balance (FAB) Scale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    Test Administration Instructions for the Fullerton Advanced Balance (FAB) Scale 1. Stand with feet: Stopwatch with lanyard (for placing around neck). Safety Procedures: Position person being tested n a corner at eye level so participant and time can be monitored simultaneously. Testing procedures: Demonstrate

  13. Guaranteed Passive Balancing Transformations for Model Order Reduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reif, Rafael

    Guaranteed Passive Balancing Transformations for Model Order Reduction Joel Phillips Cadence stable and efficient generation of the models, and preser- vation of system properties such as passivity. Algorithms such as PRIMA generate guaranteed-passive models, for systems with special internal structure

  14. PAS kinase is required for normal cellular energy balance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rutter, Jared

    PAS kinase is required for normal cellular energy balance Huai-Xiang Hao*, Caleb M. Cardon*, Wojtek in a cell-autonomous manner to maintain cellular energy homeostasis and is a potential therapeutic target). The World Health Organization estimates that the current decade will witness a 46% increase in diabetes

  15. Electrolysis for Energy Storage & Grid Balancing in West Denmark

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    this capacity before 2010, to about 2,700 MW. High wind power output often occurs out of phase with demand and often unpredictably. Wind power output also ramps up and down continuously, sometimes by large amounts, there is an excellent match between wind and fast responding hydro, from an overall operating and grid balancing point

  16. Middleware for Pervasive Spaces: Balancing Privacy and Utility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Venkatasubramanian, Nalini

    Middleware for Pervasive Spaces: Balancing Privacy and Utility Daniel Massaguer, Bijit Hore the utility of the information ex- posed and ensure that this information does not violate users' privacy. In order to resolve these conflicts, we propose a framework grounded in utility theory where users

  17. ESTIMATION OF GROUND WATER RECHARGE USING SOIL MOISTURE BALANCE APPROACH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, C.P.

    ESTIMATION OF GROUND WATER RECHARGE USING SOIL MOISTURE BALANCE APPROACH C. P. Kumar* ABSTRACT The amount of water that may be extracted from an aquifer without causing depletion is primarily dependent upon the ground water recharge. Thus, a quantitative evaluation of spatial and temporal distribution

  18. Energy Efficient Geographical Load Balancing via Dynamic Deferral of Workload

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Rajesh

    Energy Efficient Geographical Load Balancing via Dynamic Deferral of Workload Muhammad Abdullah to enhancements of the electrical grid raise the possibility of utilizing "cloud computing" for energy efficient computing. Energy efficiency in the cloud has been explored recently in [1], [2], [3], [4], [5]. While

  19. 12. Energy balance of particles 12.1 General solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pohl, Martin Karl Wilhelm

    12. Energy balance of particles 12.1 General solutions In this chapter we want to study only of the Leaky Box model, in which we now also consider a continuous change of energy. A general solution the total particle spectrum, i.e. only the energy distribu- tion of the particles regardless

  20. Balance of Plant Needs and Integration of Stack Components for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    include vehicles, combined heat and power (CHP), industrial plants, and forklifts. #12;Who Needs Balance CONDENSER EXHAUST EXHAUST CHP LOAD WATER PUMP CATHODE BLOWER LS VALVE METERING VALVE COOLANT PUMP SIMPLIFIED/CHP Integrated Data System. Web. 2004-2007. #12;Reliability Industrial Motive Power Reliability is the top