Sample records for net actual interchange

  1. Net Interchange Schedule Forecasting of Electric Power Exchange for RTO/ISOs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ferryman, Thomas A.; Haglin, David J.; Vlachopoulou, Maria; Yin, Jian; Shen, Chao; Tuffner, Francis K.; Lin, Guang; Zhou, Ning; Tong, Jianzhong

    2012-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Neighboring independent system operators (ISOs) exchange electric power to enable efficient and reliable operation of the grid. Net interchange (NI) schedule is the sum of the transactions (in MW) between an ISO and its neighbors. Effective forecasting of the amount of actual NI can improve grid operation efficiency. This paper presents results of a preliminary investigation into various methods of prediction that may result in improved prediction accuracy. The methods studied are linear regression, forward regression, stepwise regression, and support vector machine (SVM) regression. The work to date is not yet conclusive. The hope is to explore the effectiveness of other prediction methods and apply all methods to at least one new data set. This should enable more confidence in the conclusions.

  2. JPEG File Interchange Format

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, Eric

    2004-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    interchange format compressed image representation • PC or Mac or Unix workstation compatible • Standard color space: one or three components. For three components, YCbCr (CCIR 601-256 levels) • APP0 marker used to specify Units, X pixel density, Y pixel... by the Macintosh but not by PCs or workstations. JPEG File Interchange Format, Version 1.02 2 Standard color space The color space to be used is YCbCr as defined by CCIR 601 (256 levels). The RGB components calculated by linear conversion from YCbCr shall...

  3. Two NP-hard Interchangeable Terminal Problems* Sartaj Sahni and San-Yuan Wu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sahni, Sartaj K.

    Two NP-hard Interchangeable Terminal Problems* Sartaj Sahni and San-Yuan Wu University of Minnesota ABSTRACT Two subproblems that arise when routing channels with interchangeable terminals are shown to be NP-hard. These problems are: P1: Is there a net to terminal assignment that results in an acyclic vertical constraint

  4. ,"Table 1. Net Energy For Load, Actual and Projected by North American Electric Reliability Corporation Region, "

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources andPlant Liquids,+ LeasePrice Sold to Electric Powere. Historical7,1. Net1.

  5. ,"Table 1. Net Energy For Load, Actual and Projected by North American Electric Reliability Corporation Region, "

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources andPlant Liquids,+ LeasePrice Sold to Electric Powere.. Net Energy For

  6. ,"Table 1. Net Energy For Load, Actual and Projected by North American Electric Reliability Council Region, "

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources andPlant Liquids,+ LeasePrice Sold to Electric Powere.. Net Energy For3 and

  7. ,"Table 1. Net Energy For Load, Actual and Projected by North American Electric Reliability Council Region, "

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources andPlant Liquids,+ LeasePrice Sold to Electric Powere.. Net Energy For3

  8. ,"Table 1. Net Energy For Load, Actual and Projected by North American Electric Reliability Council Region, "

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources andPlant Liquids,+ LeasePrice Sold to Electric Powere.. Net Energy For32005

  9. Next Update: October 2009 Table 1. Net Energy For Load, Actual and Projected by North American Electric Reliability Corporation Region,

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office ofthrough 1996) inThousandWithdrawals (MillionNine Mile Pointper0 0 01. Net

  10. Effective placement of detectors at diamond interchanges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prabhakar, Dayakar

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Most signalized interchanges in Texas are tight urban diamond interchanges of freeways having one-way frontage roads. At these interchanges, traffic actuated control with improper location of detectors may result in inefficient traffic operations...

  11. Radiant-interchange configuration factors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reddin, Thomas Edward

    1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    an important role in any situation involving radiant interchange. The engineer desiring to compute the radiant heat transfer in a system is usually discouraged from performing more than a superficial estimation because of the excessive amount of time... Monitor System using the Fortran IV Compiler and the Macro Assembly Program. Listings of the programs appear in the appendices. CHAPTER II THE GEOMETRY OF THE BLACK BODY CONFIGURATION FACTOR 2. 1 Derivation of the Configuration Factor To evaluate...

  12. Interchanging Interactive 3-d Graphics for Astronomy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. J. Fluke; D. G. Barnes; N. T. Jones

    2008-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We demonstrate how interactive, three-dimensional (3-d) scientific visualizations can be efficiently interchanged between a variety of mediums. Through the use of an appropriate interchange format, and a unified interaction interface, we minimize the effort to produce visualizations appropriate for undertaking knowledge discovery at the astronomer's desktop, as part of conference presentations, in digital publications or as Web content. We use examples from cosmological visualization to address some of the issues of interchange, and to describe our approach to adapting S2PLOT desktop visualizations to the Web. Supporting demonstrations are available at http://astronomy.swin.edu.au/s2plot/interchange/

  13. ,"Table 1. Net Energy For Load, Actual and Projected by North American Electric Reliability Corporation Assessment Area,"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources andPlant Liquids,+ LeasePrice Sold to Electric Powere. Historical7,1. Net

  14. Coordinating diamond interchange and arterial street signal control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engelbrecht, Roelof Johannes

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    that under some conditions, notably particular cycle lengths, the coordination of diamond interchange and arterial signal control could be beneficial. This will be the case when the optimal cycle lengths of the arterial and interchange systems are similar...

  15. The Economics of Interchange Fees and Their Regulation: An Overview

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, David

    2005-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

    This essay surveys the economic literature on interchange fees and the debate over whether interchange should be regulated and, if so, how. We consider, first, the operation of unitary payment systems, like American Express, ...

  16. Electrostatic Interchange Instabilities of a Rotating, High-Temperature Plasma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mauel, Michael E.

    Electrostatic Interchange Instabilities of a Rotating, High-Temperature Plasma Confined by a Dipole #2 Mach Probe #1 Mach Probe #2 High-field, 0.2 MA-turn Water-cooled Magnet #12;Interchange Modes-sized/global... Fast hot electron interchange instability: drift-resonant transport; Gryokinetics; phase-space holes

  17. Fuel Interchangeability Considerations for Gas Turbine Combustion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ferguson, D.H.

    2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In recent years domestic natural gas has experienced a considerable growth in demand particularly in the power generation industry. However, the desire for energy security, lower fuel costs and a reduction in carbon emissions has produced an increase in demand for alternative fuel sources. Current strategies for reducing the environmental impact of natural gas combustion in gas turbine engines used for power generation experience such hurdles as flashback, lean blow-off and combustion dynamics. These issues will continue as turbines are presented with coal syngas, gasified coal, biomass, LNG and high hydrogen content fuels. As it may be impractical to physically test a given turbine on all of the possible fuel blends it may experience over its life cycle, the need to predict fuel interchangeability becomes imperative. This study considers a number of historical parameters typically used to determine fuel interchangeability. Also addressed is the need for improved reaction mechanisms capable of accurately modeling the combustion of natural gas alternatives.

  18. Development of an interchange analysis software

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Arendonk, Josephus

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    system of Interstate highways (7). By the early 19/0's, almost 90'/o of the Interstate system had been completed. During that time many different interchange configurations had been constructed to accommodate the different traffic and site conditions... configuration (11). Each criterion was weighted with a percentage of points. The four main criteria categories were operations (30'/o), costs (25'/o), implementation (15/0), and environmental issues (30'/o). Table 2 illustrates the point scheme used by Leisch...

  19. NetCDF-4: Combining the Strengths of NetCDF and HDF5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and simplicity of netCDF ­ Generality and performance of HDF5 · Preserve format and API compatibility for net Standardization · DOD Joint Technical Architecture "Emerging" standard for Application Specific Data Interchange;Community Standards Based on HDF5 · HDF-EOS5 · DOE Defense Labs libsheaf (meshes) · Nexus (neutron

  20. Development of a Window Based Security System for Electronic Data Interchange

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Philip, Achimugu; Joshua, Abah

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) is the exchange of standardized documents between computer systems for business use. The objective of this study is to make Electronic Data Interchange secure to use and to eliminate human intervention in the transfer of data between business partners so that productivity and efficiency can be improved and also promote its usage between two or more trading organizations. This paper provides an overview of EDI by describing the traditional problems of exchanging information in business environments and how the EDI solves those problems and gives benefits to the company that makes use of EDI. This paper also introduces the common EDI Standards and explains how it works, how it is used over the internet and the security measures implemented. The system was executed on both local area network and wide area network after a critical study of the existing EDI methods and also implemented using VB.Net programming language. Finally, an interactive program was developed that handle...

  1. Guidelines for Provision and Interchange of Geothermal Data Assets

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This document presents guidelines related to provision and interchange of data assets in the context of the National Geothermal Data System.

  2. The Petri Net Markup Language and ISO/IEC 15909-2: Concepts, Status, and Future Directions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kindler, Ekkart

    The Petri Net Markup Language and ISO/IEC 15909-2: Concepts, Status, and Future Directions Ekkart Germany E-Mail: kindler@upb.de Abstract: The Petri Net Markup Language (PNML) is an XML-based interchange format for Petri nets. In order to support different versions of Petri nets, its focus is on universality

  3. High Beta Observations of the Hot Electron Interchange Instability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    High Beta Observations of the Hot Electron Interchange Instability E.E. Ortiz, M.E. Mauel, D observed in high-beta plasma created in the Levitated Dipole Experiment (LDX). We have previously of anisotropic high beta equilibrium · Measuring Electrostatic Fluctuations · Hot Electron Interchange (HEI

  4. INTERCHANGE OF STREAM AND INTRAGRAVEL WATER IN A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and intragravel oxygen resupply 2 Transport processes: Stream-intragravel interchange 3 Ground-water oxygen transport 6 Intragravel oxygen balance ' Field verification of the slope-interchange mechanism 8 environmental factors causing mortality, such as floods and freezing (Royce, 1959). Other important factors

  5. INTERCHANGE RECONNECTION IN A TURBULENT CORONA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rappazzo, A. F.; Matthaeus, W. H. [Bartol Research Institute, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716 (United States); Ruffolo, D. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400 (Thailand); Servidio, S. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita della Calabria, I-87036 Cosenza (Italy); Velli, M., E-mail: rappazzo@udel.edu [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States)

    2012-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Magnetic reconnection at the interface between coronal holes and loops, the so-called interchange reconnection, can release the hotter, denser plasma from magnetically confined regions into the heliosphere, contributing to the formation of the highly variable slow solar wind. The interchange process is often thought to develop at the apex of streamers or pseudo-streamers, near Y- and X-type neutral points, but slow streams with loop composition have been recently observed along fanlike open field lines adjacent to closed regions, far from the apex. However, coronal heating models, with magnetic field lines shuffled by convective motions, show that reconnection can occur continuously in unipolar magnetic field regions with no neutral points: photospheric motions induce a magnetohydrodynamic turbulent cascade in the coronal field that creates the necessary small scales, where a sheared magnetic field component orthogonal to the strong axial field is created locally and can reconnect. We propose that a similar mechanism operates near and around boundaries between open and closed regions inducing a continual stochastic rearrangement of connectivity. We examine a reduced magnetohydrodynamic model of a simplified interface region between open and closed corona threaded by a strong unipolar magnetic field. This boundary is not stationary, becomes fractal, and field lines change connectivity continuously, becoming alternatively open and closed. This model suggests that slow wind may originate everywhere along loop-coronal-hole boundary regions and can account naturally and simply for outflows at and adjacent to such boundaries and for the observed diffusion of slow wind around the heliospheric current sheet.

  6. INTRAGRAVEL FLOW AND INTERCHANGE OF WATER IN A STREAMBED By WALTER G. VAUX, Chemical E,~gineer. BUREAU OF COMMERCIAL FISHERIES BIOLOGICAL LABORATORY,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is termed Darcy's law, but. rather than a law, it is actually an equation which de- fines k, the "specific and magnitude of flow or interchange of this water were identified in this study. Equations describing motion permeability," or just "per- meability." In equation (1), p. is the liquid vis- cosity, and gc is the constant

  7. Effectiveness of guidelines for retiming signalized diamond interchanges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Irvine, Yvonne Denise

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    powerful for studying the effect the use of diamond interchange guidelines had on test scores (17). For this experiment, a 95% confidence level was used to control a Type I error. The covariable is also referred to as the concomitant variable (+I...: Dr. Daniel B. Fambro This thesis documents the results of testing the effectiveness of guidelines for retiming signalized diamond interchanges. Two problems were addressed: how to measure benefits gained by use of the guidelines and, how to locate...

  8. Operational characteristics of the three-level diamond interchange

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCann, Charles Howard Wesley

    1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    phasiaS (City of Soustca IssiSa) IosiSS '0 With T7 Tera Lace ~ ~ ~ o ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 27 27 ~ ~ ~ 2S ~ * ~ 29 ~ . . 29 ~ ~ e 3O ~ ~ ~ 33 SSFINITIONS Arterial reap; Rsnp joining ss artcc'isl with either cn fntsrssctioa or ss interchange... ~ 1 peu articles hsw bees publishe4 coaeoraisg the three-lewl disused interchange. gcgschern reporte4 that ths throe-level dtcsosd iater 6o chaago offers s specific advantage shen s fully diractioaal interchaage io not justified~ ssd ~ cuo lovel...

  9. Evaluation of TexSIM for modeling traffic behavior at diamond interchanges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meadors, Allison Christine Cherry

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    traffic behavior at signalized diamond interchanges. To evaluate TexSIM 2.0 for simulating and providing accurate descriptive measures of performance for pretimed and actuated diamond interchanges, model outputs were compared to field data collected from...

  10. Evaluation of traffic operations at diamond interchanges using advanced actuated control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koonce, Peter John Vincent

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis documents an operational analysis of ographics. advanced actuated traffic control at signalized diamond interchanges. The study attempts to determine the benefits a "flexible'' phasing strategy provides to the interchange. Flexible...

  11. Modified automatic time error control and inadvertent interchange reduction for the WSCC interconnected power systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McReynolds, W.L. (Bonneville Power Administration, Vancouver, WA (US)); Badley, D.E. (N.W. Power Pool, Coordinating Office, Portland, OR (US))

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes an automatic generation control (AGC) system that simultaneously reduces time error and accumulated inadvertent interchange energy in interconnected power system. This method is automatic time error and accumulated inadvertent interchange reduction (AIIR). With this method control areas help correct the system time error when doing so also tends to correct accumulated inadvertent interchange. Thus in one step accumulated inadvertent interchange and system time error are corrected.

  12. SPACE TECHNOLOGY Actual Estimate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SPACE TECHNOLOGY TECH-1 Actual Estimate Budget Authority (in $ millions) FY 2011 FY 2012 FY 2013 FY.7 247.0 Exploration Technology Development 144.6 189.9 202.0 215.5 215.7 214.5 216.5 Notional SPACE TECHNOLOGY OVERVIEW .............................. TECH- 2 SBIR AND STTR

  13. Conversion from interchange-type modes to tearing modes: an explanation of tokamak anomalous transport

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ito, Atsushi

    Conversion from interchange-type modes to tearing modes: an explanation of tokamak anomalous of non-classical tearing mode exists in tokamaks: viz., current interchange tearing modes (CITMs). CITMs type (e.g., interchange/ballooning modes, drift waves, etc.) due to resistivity gradient in tokamaks

  14. EXPLORATION Actual Estimate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FY 2015 FY 2016 FY 2017 FY 2013 President's Budget Request 3,821.2 3,712.8 3,932.8 4,076.5 4,076.5 4 Estimate Budget Authority (in $ millions) FY 2011 FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2014 FY 2015 FY 2016 FY 2017 FY 2013EXPLORATION EXP-1 Actual Estimate Budget Authority (in $ millions) FY 2011 FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2014

  15. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In April 2008, Kentucky enacted legislation that expanded its net metering law by requiring utilities to offer net metering to customers that generate electricity with photovoltaic (PV), wind,...

  16. Nonlinear evolution of resistive interchange modes in reversed field pinches

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schnack, D.D.; Killeen, J.

    1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The results are presented of the application of a two dimensional resistive MHD computer code to the nonlinear evolution of resistive interchange modes in tearing-mode-stable RFP equilibria. One finds that the m = 1 mode is insignificant when the singular surface is outside the field reversal point, and is more active nonlinearly but still fairly localized when the singular surface lies in the inner regions of the plasma. The m = 0 mode, which is not present in tokamaks, is found to lead to highly distorted flux surfaces and interchange vortices of large radial extent when ..beta.. is near the Suydam marginal point. However, if the initial ..beta.. is sufficiently small, this mode remains localized allowing significant Ohmic heating of the pinch to occur.

  17. Strategies for improving traffic operations at oversaturated signalized diamond interchanges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herrick, George Curtis

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to reduce both recurring and nonrecurring congestion. Incident detection and management systems can be implemented on freeways to decrease incident durations and reduce the resulting traffic congestion. Surveillance and control systems can be integrated... urban diamond interchanges, the traffic engineer needs to better understand these control strategies and seek new and innovative control strategies to more effectively address them. This research addressed two major objectives. The first objective...

  18. Actuals Journal Approval Tip NUFinancials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shull, Kenneth R.

    Actuals Journal Approval Tip NUFinancials Workflow and Approvals FMS804 02/20/2009-vlr FMS804 Actuals Journal Approval Tip © 2009 Northwestern University FMS804 ­ Job Aid Page 1 of 1 This job aid describes what an Actuals Journal should look like to an Approver. Explanation: Whenever an Actuals journal

  19. Uncertainty-based Estimation of the Secure Range for ISO New England Dynamic Interchange Adjustment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Etingov, Pavel V.; Makarov, Yuri V.; Wu, Di; Hou, Zhangshuan; Sun, Yannan; Maslennikov, S.; Luo, Xiaochuan; Zheng, T.; George, S.; Knowland, T.; Litvinov, E.; Weaver, S.; Sanchez, E.

    2014-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper proposes an approach to estimate the secure range for dynamic interchange adjustment, which assists system operators in scheduling the interchange with neighboring control areas. Uncertainties associated with various sources are incorporated. The proposed method is implemented in the dynamic interchange adjustment (DINA) tool developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for ISO New England. Simulation results are used to validate the effectiveness of the proposed method.

  20. Table 10. Natural Gas Net Imports, Projected vs. Actual

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocks Nov-14 Dec-14TableConference |6:Welcome toU.S.Major U.S.

  1. Table 10. Natural Gas Net Imports, Projected vs. Actual Projected

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocks Nov-14 Dec-14TableConference |6:Welcome toU.S.Major

  2. Table 6. Petroleum Net Imports, Projected vs. Actual

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocks Nov-14Total DeliveredPrincipal shale gas: Total U.S.

  3. Table 6. Petroleum Net Imports, Projected vs. Actual Projected

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocks Nov-14Total DeliveredPrincipal shale gas: Total U.S.Petroleum

  4. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In Massachusetts, the state's investor-owned utilities must offer net metering. Municipal utilities are not obligated to offer net metering, but they may do so voluntarily. (There are no electric...

  5. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Indiana Utility Regulatory Commission (IURC) adopted rules for net metering in September 2004, requiring the state's investor-owned utilities (IOUs) to offer net metering to all electric...

  6. FUEL INTERCHANGEABILITY FOR LEAN PREMIXED COMBUSTION IN GAS TURBINE ENGINES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Don Ferguson; Geo. A. Richard; Doug Straub

    2008-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

    In response to environmental concerns of NOx emissions, gas turbine manufacturers have developed engines that operate under lean, pre-mixed fuel and air conditions. While this has proven to reduce NOx emissions by lowering peak flame temperatures, it is not without its limitations as engines utilizing this technology are more susceptible to combustion dynamics. Although dependent on a number of mechanisms, changes in fuel composition can alter the dynamic response of a given combustion system. This is of particular interest as increases in demand of domestic natural gas have fueled efforts to utilize alternatives such as coal derived syngas, imported liquefied natural gas and hydrogen or hydrogen augmented fuels. However, prior to changing the fuel supply end-users need to understand how their system will respond. A variety of historical parameters have been utilized to determine fuel interchangeability such as Wobbe and Weaver Indices, however these parameters were never optimized for today’s engines operating under lean pre-mixed combustion. This paper provides a discussion of currently available parameters to describe fuel interchangeability. Through the analysis of the dynamic response of a lab-scale Rijke tube combustor operating on various fuel blends, it is shown that commonly used indices are inadequate for describing combustion specific phenomena.

  7. Conformal nets III: fusion of defects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arthur Bartels; Christopher L. Douglas; André Henriques

    2015-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Conformal nets provides a mathematical model for conformal field theory. We define a notion of defect between conformal nets, formalizing the idea of an interaction between two conformal field theories. We introduce an operation of fusion of defects, and prove that the fusion of two defects is again a defect, provided the fusion occurs over a conformal net of finite index. There is a notion of sector (or bimodule) between two defects, and operations of horizontal and vertical fusion of such sectors. Our most difficult technical result is that the horizontal fusion of the vacuum sectors of two defects is isomorphic to the vacuum sector of the fused defect. Equipped with this isomorphism, we construct the basic interchange isomorphism between the horizontal fusion of two vertical fusions and the vertical fusion of two horizontal fusions of sectors.

  8. 832 OPTICS LETTERS / Vol. 25, No. 11 / June 1, 2000 Simultaneous optical wavelength interchange with a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    832 OPTICS LETTERS / Vol. 25, No. 11 / June 1, 2000 Simultaneous optical wavelength interchange January 21, 2000 We present a theoretical analysis for simultaneous optical wavelength interchange and isolation of a pair of collinear input optical signals by use of two concurrent difference

  9. MathNet MathNet Mathematical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MathNet MathNet MathNet Mathematical Preprint Servers Mathematical Preprint Servers Jonas Gomes Janeiro IMPA ­ Rio de Janeiro #12; MathNet MathNet MathNet Preprint Server Preprint Server . . What Atlas: Topology Atlas: http://www.unipissing.ca/topology/ http://www.unipissing.ca/topology/ #12; MathNet

  10. fi net

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qian, Weihong

    Electronic Publishing House. All rights reserved. http://www.cnki.net #12;, , , · » » , , , ¡¢ » ¡fi Journal Electronic Publishing House. All rights reserved. http://www.cnki.net #12;, ¡£¡£ , » , ¯ ¡/ ¡ , ¡¢ ¡¢ © 1994-2008 China Academic Journal Electronic Publishing House. All rights reserved. http://www.cnki.net

  11. Context Interchange Mediation for Semantic Interoperability and Dynamic Integration of Autonomous Information Sources in the Fixed Income Securities Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siegel, Michael

    2003-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We examine semantic interoperability problems in the fixed income securities industry and propose a knowledge representation architecture for context interchange ...

  12. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA) - Usually at utility's avoided cost (a wholesale rate) or a negotiated rate * New Mexico o REC Ownership: Utility owns RECs o Net...

  13. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    New Jersey's net-metering rules apply to all residential, commercial and industrial customers of the state's investor-owned utilities and energy suppliers (and certain competitive municipal...

  14. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Wyoming enacted legislation in February 2001 that established statewide net metering. The law applies to investor-owned utilities, electric cooperatives and irrigation districts. Eligible...

  15. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Net metering has been available in Oklahoma since 1988 under Oklahoma Corporation Commission (OCC) Order 326195. The OCC's rules require investor-owned utilities and electric cooperatives under...

  16. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Missouri enacted legislation in June 2007 (S.B. 54)* requiring all electric utilities -- investor-owned utilities, municipal utilities and electric cooperatives -- to offer net metering to...

  17. Development and analysis of a flexible signal phasing strategy for diamond interchange control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krueger, Gregory David

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There are many signal timing strategies for diamond interchanges. Due to the different geometric and traffic conditions, however, none of the available strategies is always optimal. The two most widely used strategies, three-phase, and four...

  18. Geothermal Energy and the Eastern US: Fifth technical information interchange meeting, Minutes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The technical interchange meeting documented here is the fifth meeting where people interested in geothermal energy in the Eastern US have met to interchange technical information. These meetings are intended to assist all in the difficult task of balancing time and effort in doing their assigned jobs and keeping track of what others are doing in similar or related tasks. All of the aforementioned meetings have served their intended purpose and further regional and national meetings are sure to follow.

  19. A 3-dimensional analysis of sight distance on interchange ramps and connectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanchez, Eddie

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A 3-DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS OF SIGHT DISTANCE ON INTERCHANGE RAMPS AND CONNECTORS A Thesis by EDDIE SANCHEZ Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfdlment of the requiretnents for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE August 1992 Major Subject: Civil Engineering A 3-DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS OF SIGHT DISTANCE ON INTERCHANGE RAMPS AND CONNECTORS A Thesis by EDDIE SANCHEZ Approved as to style and content by: Raymond A. Krammes (Chair of Committee) N ' n J...

  20. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Net excess generation (NEG) is treated as a kilowatt-hour (kWh) credit or other compensation on the customer's following bill.* When an annual period ends, a utility will purchase unused credits...

  1. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Illinois enacted legislation in August 2007 (S.B. 680) requiring investor-owned utilities in Illinois to begin offering net metering by April 1, 2008. In May 2008, the Illinois Commerce Commissio...

  2. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    NOTE: In December 15, 2014 the New York Public Service Commission (PSC) issued an order directing the investor owned utilities in the State to file net metering tariff revisions doubling the agg...

  3. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Nevada's original net-metering law for renewable-energy systems was enacted in 1997 and amended in 2001, 2003, 2005, 2007, 2011, 2013, and 2015. Systems up to one megawatt (MW) in capacity that...

  4. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Note: The program web site listed above links to the Maryland Public Service Commission's Net Metering Working Group page, which contains a variety of information resources related to the ongoing...

  5. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    [http://nebraskalegislature.gov/FloorDocs/101/PDF/Final/LB436.pdf LB 436], signed in May 2009, established statewide net metering rules for all electric utilities in Nebraska. The rules apply to...

  6. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The North Carolina Utilities Commission (NCUC) requires the state’s three investor-owned utilities -- Duke Energy, Progress Energy and Dominion North Carolina Power -- to make net metering...

  7. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Net metering is available to all "qualifying facilities" (QFs), as defined by the federal Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA)*, which pertains to systems up to 80 megawatts (MW)...

  8. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Montana's net-metering law, enacted in July 1999, applies to all customers of investor-owned utilities. Systems up to 50 kilowatts (kW) in capacity that generate electricity using solar, wind or...

  9. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Public Service Commission of Wisconsin (PSC) issued an order on January 26, 1982 requiring all regulated utilities to file tariffs allowing net metering to customers that generate electricity...

  10. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Rhode Island allows net metering for systems up to five megawatts (MW) in capacity that are designed to generate up to 100% of the electricity that a home or other facility uses. Systems that...

  11. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    '''''Note: In March 2011, Virginia enacted HB 1983, which increased the residential net-metering limit to 20 kW. However, residential facilities with a capacity of greater than 10 kW must pay a...

  12. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Net metering in West Virginia is available to all retail electricity customers. System capacity limits vary depending on the customer type and electric utility type, according to the following...

  13. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    North Dakota's net-metering policy, adopted in 1991 by the state Public Service Commission (PSC), applies to renewable-energy systems and combined heat and power (CHP) systems up to 100 kilowatts ...

  14. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Oregon has established separate net-metering programs for the state's primary investor-owned utilities (PGE and PacifiCorp), and for its municipal utilities and electric cooperatives.

  15. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    '''''The MPSC is reviewing state interconnection and net metering policies in [http://efile.mpsc.state.mi.us/efile/viewcase.php?casenum=15919&submit.x=... Case U-15919].'''''...

  16. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    '''''NOTE: Legislation enacted in 2011 and 2012 (S.B. 1652, H.B. 3036, and S.B. 3811) has changed several aspects of net metering in Illinois. For customers in competitive classes as of July 1,...

  17. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Utah law requires their only investor-owned utility, Rocky Mountain Power (RMP), and most electric cooperatives* to offer net metering to customers who generate electricity using solar energy, wind...

  18. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Washington's net-metering law applies to systems up to 100 kilowatts (kW) in capacity that generate electricity using solar, wind, hydro, biogas from animal waste, or combined heat and power...

  19. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    '''''Note: H.F. 729, enacted in May 2013, includes many changes to Minnesota's net metering law. These changes are described above, but most will not take effect until rules are implemented at the...

  20. Object Petri Nets Using the Nets-within-Nets Paradigm.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamburg.Universit�¤t

    Object Petri Nets Using the Nets-within-Nets Paradigm. Rüdiger Valk. revised version from Jörg Desel, Wolfgang Reisig, and Grzegorz Rozenberg, editors, Advances in Petri Nets: Lectures on Concurrency and Petri Nets, volume 3098 of Lecture Notes in Compu- ter Science, pages 819-848. Springer-Verlag, Berlin

  1. Palau- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Palau Net Metering Act of 2009 established net metering on the Island of Palau. Net metering was implemented in order to:

  2. Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    '''''Note: In July 2012, the Public Utilities Commission of Ohio (PUCO) opened a docket ([http://dis.puc.state.oh.us/CaseRecord.aspx?CaseNo=12-2050-EL-ORD Case 12-0250-EL-RDR]) to review the net...

  3. Characteristics of magnetic island formation due to resistive interchange instability in helical plasma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ueda, R.; Matsumoto, Y.; Itagaki, M.; Oikawa, S. [Graduate School of Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-8628 (Japan)] [Graduate School of Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-8628 (Japan); Watanabe, K. Y.; Sato, M. [National Institute for Fusion Science, 322-6 Oroshi-cho, Toki 509-5292 (Japan)] [National Institute for Fusion Science, 322-6 Oroshi-cho, Toki 509-5292 (Japan)

    2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Focusing attention on the magnetic island formation, we investigate the characteristics of the resistive interchange magnetohydrodynamics instabilities, which would limit a high beta operational regime in helical type fusion reactors. An introduction of a new index, i.e., the ratio of the magnetic fluctuation level to the radial displacement, enables us to make a systematic analysis on the magnetic island formation in the large helical device-like plasmas during the linear growth phase; (i) the interchange instability with the second largest growth rate makes the magnetic island larger than that with the largest growth rate when the amplitude of the radial displacement in both cases is almost the same as each other; (ii) applied to a typical tearing instability, the index is smaller than that for the interchange instability with the second largest growth rate.

  4. How People Actually Use Thermostats

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meier, Alan; Aragon, Cecilia; Hurwitz, Becky; Mujumdar, Dhawal; Peffer, Therese; Perry, Daniel; Pritoni, Marco

    2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Residential thermostats have been a key element in controlling heating and cooling systems for over sixty years. However, today's modern programmable thermostats (PTs) are complicated and difficult for users to understand, leading to errors in operation and wasted energy. Four separate tests of usability were conducted in preparation for a larger study. These tests included personal interviews, an on-line survey, photographing actual thermostat settings, and measurements of ability to accomplish four tasks related to effective use of a PT. The interviews revealed that many occupants used the PT as an on-off switch and most demonstrated little knowledge of how to operate it. The on-line survey found that 89% of the respondents rarely or never used the PT to set a weekday or weekend program. The photographic survey (in low income homes) found that only 30% of the PTs were actually programmed. In the usability test, we found that we could quantify the difference in usability of two PTs as measured in time to accomplish tasks. Users accomplished the tasks in consistently shorter times with the touchscreen unit than with buttons. None of these studies are representative of the entire population of users but, together, they illustrate the importance of improving user interfaces in PTs.

  5. Linear and Quasilinear Model for Pressure-Driven Interchange and Entropy Modes in a !

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mauel, Michael E.

    , the quasilinear particle and heat flux are calculated and show turbulent self-organization that drives profiles that Regulate Interchange Motion Vasyliunas, "Mathematical Models of Magnetospheric Convection and Its Coupling at times of an active magnetospheric dynamo (e.g. during substorms). Figure 3. Dynamo forces, auroral

  6. PRESCRIPTIVE APPROACH 1. Actual and Allowed LPD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    METHOD #12;SECTION 5 CHANGES TO 140.6-B SLIDE 183 TYPE OF BUILDING ALLOWED LIGHTING POWER DENSITY (WATTS by ensuring that the actual lighting power installed in a space is less than the allowed lighting power for that space. SLIDE 1757/31/2014 PRESCRIPTIVE METHOD #12;SECTION 9 ACTUAL LIGHTING POWER The actual indoor

  7. Kansas- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Kansas adopted the Net Metering and Easy Connection Act in May 2009 (see K.S.A. 66-1263 through 66-1271), establishing net metering for customers of investor-owned utilities in Kansas. Net metering...

  8. Ion finite Larmor radius effects on the interchange instability in an open system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Katanuma, I.; Sato, S.; Okuyama, Y.; Kato, S.; Kubota, R. [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8577 (Japan)] [Plasma Research Center, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8577 (Japan)

    2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A particle simulation of an interchange instability was performed by taking into account the ion finite Larmor radius (FLR) effects. It is found that the interchange instability with large FLR grows in two phases, that is, linearly growing phase and the nonlinear phase subsequent to the linear phase, where the instability grows exponentially in both phases. The linear growth rates observed in the simulation agree well with the theoretical calculation. The effects of FLR are usually taken in the fluid simulation through the gyroviscosity, the effects of which are verified in the particle simulation with large FLR regime. The gyroviscous cancellation phenomenon observed in the particle simulation causes the drifts in the direction of ion diamagnetic drifts.

  9. MathNetMathNetMathNet Mathematical Preprint ServersMathematical Preprint Servers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MathNetMathNetMathNet Mathematical Preprint ServersMathematical Preprint Servers Jonas GomesIMPA - Rio de Janeiro #12;MathNetMathNetMathNet Preprint ServerPreprint Server ·· What is a Preprint server;MathNetMathNetMathNet Preprint ServerPreprint Server ·· DatabaseDatabase ·· Store preprints

  10. Avista Utilities- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Idaho does not have a statewide net-metering policy. However, each of the state's three investor-owned utilities -- Avista Utilities, Idaho Power and Rocky Mountain Power -- has developed a net...

  11. Idaho Power- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Idaho does not have a statewide net-metering policy. However, each of the state's three investor-owned utilities -- Avista Utilities, Idaho Power and Rocky Mountain Power -- has developed a net...

  12. Progress Energy- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In August 2009, the South Carolina Public Service Commission issued an order mandating net metering be made available by the regulated electric utilities; the order incorporates a net metering...

  13. Net Metering Rules (Arkansas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Net Metering Rules are promulgated under the authority of the Arkansas Public Service Commission. These rules are created to establish rules for net energy metering and interconnection. These...

  14. Duke Energy- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In August 2009, the South Carolina Public Service Commission issued an order mandating net metering be made available by the regulating utilities; the order incorporates a net metering settlement...

  15. Self-Supporting Budget Budget to Actual Comparison

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hemmers, Oliver

    Self-Supporting Budget Budget to Actual Comparison System Administration University of Nevada Supporting Budgets ­ Budget to Actual Comparison Introduction

  16. DeepNet: An Ultrafast Neural Learning Code for Seismic Imaging

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barhen, J.; Protopopescu, V.; Reister, D.

    1999-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

    A feed-forward multilayer neural net is trained to learn the correspondence between seismic data and well logs. The introduction of a virtual input layer, connected to the nominal input layer through a special nonlinear transfer function, enables ultrafast (single iteration), near-optimal training of the net using numerical algebraic techniques. A unique computer code, named DeepNet, has been developed, that has achieved, in actual field demonstrations, results unattainable to date with industry standard tools.

  17. Bennett and "Proxy Actualism" Michael Nelson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zalta, Edward N.

    Bennett and "Proxy Actualism" Michael Nelson Department of Philosophy University of California and Information Stanford University Stanford, CA 94305 zalta@stanford.edu Abstract Karen Bennett has recently and addressing a worry that might have been the driving force behind Bennett's claim that Linsky and Zalta's view

  18. Net Energy Metering (NEM)

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the Arizona Public Service Co. (APS) request for a charge on future rooftop solar panel installations connected to the grid under the state's net energy metering (NEM)...

  19. Net Energy Billing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    All of Maine's electric utilities -- investor-owned utilities (IOUs), consumer-owned utilities (COUs), which include municipal utilities and electric cooperatives -- must offer net energy billing...

  20. kpro-net.inf

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ... us and help promote the Kaypro as the best portable computer today. Any Sysop's wishing to join the K-Net please contact Steve Sanders through this system.

  1. Transport chaotic quantum dots: Effects spatial symmetries which interchange the leads A. Gopar, Stefan Rotter, Henning Schomerus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rotter, Stefan

    symmetry that interchanges source drain leads, find framework random matrix theory density transmission the source drain leads couple to electronic reservoirs #see, e.g., Figs. 1#a# 1#b##, contrast them alignment entrance in a fraction of back­ reflected paths have up­down reflected partner trajectory length e

  2. A NEW LED-LED PORTABLE CO2 GAS SENSOR BASED ON AN INTERCHANGEABLE MEMBRANE SYSTEM FOR INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Hyowon

    to oxygen scavenging [5]. High CO2 levels (10- 80 %) are desirable for foods such as meat and poultryA NEW LED-LED PORTABLE CO2 GAS SENSOR BASED ON AN INTERCHANGEABLE MEMBRANE SYSTEM FOR INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS Abstract A new system for CO2 measurement (0-100%) by based on a paired emitter-detector diode

  3. FY 2013 Real Property Deferred, Actual, and Required Maintenance...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Real Property Deferred, Actual, and Required Maintenance Reporting Requirement FY 2013 Real Property Deferred, Actual, and Required Maintenance Reporting Requirement FY 2013 DARM...

  4. al uso actual: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Shale Gas Production: Potential versus Actual GHG Emissions Francis O 27 Do Concept Inventories Actually Measure Anything? Colin S. Wallace Multidisciplinary Databases and...

  5. Self-Supporting Budget Budget to Actual Comparison

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hemmers, Oliver

    Self-Supporting Budget Budget to Actual Comparison System Administration University of Nevada-12 Self Supporting Budgets ­ Budget to Actual Comparison Introduction

  6. PSEG Long Island- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Although PSEG Long Island’s net metering policy is not governed by the State’s net metering law, the provisions are similar to the State law. Net metering is available for residential, non-reside...

  7. Washington City Power- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Washington City adopted a net-metering program, including interconnection procedures, in January 2008.* Net metering is available to residential and commercial customers that generate electricity...

  8. Guam- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Guam's Public Utilities Commission (PUC) reviewed net metering and interconnection during a regular meeting in February 2009 (Docket 08-10). Please contact the [http://www.guampuc.com/ Guam PUC]...

  9. LADWP- Net Metering (California)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    LADWP allows its customers to net meter their photovoltaic (PV), wind, and hybrid systems with a capacity of not more than one megawatt. LADWP will provide the necessary metering equipment unless...

  10. Net Metering (Ontario, Canada)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Ontario's net metering regulation allows you to send electricity generated from renewable sources to the electrical grid for a credit toward your energy costs. Here's how it works. Your utility...

  11. Puerto Rico- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Puerto Rico enacted net-metering legislation in August 2007, allowing customers of Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority (PREPA) to use electricity generated by solar, wind or "other" renewable...

  12. LADWP- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    LADWP allows its customers to net meter their photovoltaic (PV), wind, and hybrid systems with a capacity of not more than one megawatt. LADWP will provide the necessary metering equipment unless...

  13. Ashland Electric- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In 1996, Ashland adopted a net-metering program that includes simple interconnection guidelines. The program encourages the adoption of renewable-energy systems by committing the city to purchase,...

  14. Timeline for Net Requirements

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    x By July 31 of each Forecast Year, BPA publishes all Load Following customers' Net Requirements data for the two years of the upcoming Rate Period. 17.6.1 7312010 Yes...

  15. N=2 superconformal nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sebastiano Carpi; Robin Hillier; Yasuyuki Kawahigashi; Roberto Longo; Feng Xu

    2014-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We provide an Operator Algebraic approach to N=2 chiral Conformal Field Theory and set up the Noncommutative Geometric framework. Compared to the N=1 case, the structure here is much richer. There are naturally associated nets of spectral triples and the JLO cocycles separate the Ramond sectors. We construct the N=2 superconformal nets of von Neumann algebras in general, classify them in the discrete series cnets with cnet representations.

  16. Actual energy implementations and basic investigations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nockemann, C.; Wuestenberg, H. [BAM, Berlin (Germany). Federal Inst. of Materials Research and Testing

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The actual implementations in guaranteeing the reliability of NDE systems applied in service inspections in nuclear power plants will be presented. The difference between the American PDI (Performance Demonstration Initiative) which is based on blind trials and the European ENIQ (European Network for Inspection Qualification) approach which is based on a mixed procedure of physical modeling, experience data and test experiments will be discussed. The ROC (Receiver Operating Characteristic) has been adapted from the signal detection theory to NDE problems at BAM to be used for basic investigations and for the validation of new exceptional NDE systems where modeling and reference to standards is not yet possible. Examples of application will be shown and critical discussed especially concerning the influence of the grading unit raster.

  17. 2007 NET SYSTEM POWER REPORT STAFFREPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION 2007 NET SYSTEM POWER REPORT STAFFREPORT April 2008 CEC-200 .................................................................................................................. 1 Net System Power Findings.............................................................................................. 4 Net System Power and Sources of California Electric Generation

  18. FY 2012 Real Property Deferred, Actual, and Required Maintenance...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    More Documents & Publications FY 2013 Real Property Deferred, Actual, and Required Maintenance Reporting Requirement Real Property Maintenance Reporting Requirement Memorandum...

  19. N. Mariana Islands- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Note: The Commonwealth Utility Corporation issued a moratorium on net metering. However, Public Law 18-62 signed September 6, 2014 states that net metering should be available to all residential...

  20. Rocky Mountain Power- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Idaho does not have a statewide net-metering policy. However, each of the state's three investor-owned utilities -- Avista Utilities, Idaho Power and Rocky Mountain Power -- has a net-metering...

  1. SCE&G- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In August 2009, the South Carolina Public Service Commission issued an order mandating net metering be made available by the regulated electric utilities; the order incorporates a net metering...

  2. Petri Nets (for Planners) ICAPS 2009 --

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haslum, Patrik

    Petri Nets (for Planners) ICAPS 2009 -- Introduction 1-Safe Petri Nets: Basic Definitions Transition Systems Petri Nets Petri Nets for Planning Unfolding Transition Systems Products and Petri Nets in Product Systems Directed Unfolding Planning via Unfolding & Concurrency From Planning Problem to Petri Net

  3. actuales clasificaciones del: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 117 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  4. antecedentes situacion actual: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 69 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  5. anciano consideraciones actuales: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 64 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  6. actual results satellitenexperiment: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    building walls as above and to the room 84 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  7. actual una perspectiva: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 122 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  8. actual del franciscanismo: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 110 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  9. actual del trasplante: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 114 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  10. actual del huemul: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 110 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  11. actual del ultrasonido: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 110 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  12. algunas tendencias actuales: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 76 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  13. actuales del choque: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 112 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  14. actual del tabaquismo: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 110 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  15. actuales sobre criterios: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 90 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  16. actual del marco: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    input to an actual causation problem. Vennekens, Joost 2011-01-01 104 Equity and Emissions Trading in China Da Zhang, Marco Springmann and Valerie Karplus Environmental Sciences...

  17. actuales para determinar: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 98 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  18. actual del paciente: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 139 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  19. actual del control: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 147 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  20. adventicia estado actual: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 91 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  1. actual dos conhecimentos: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 114 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  2. actuales del metabolismo: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 116 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  3. atpae desarrollo actual: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 114 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  4. agudo estado actual: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 91 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  5. actual del estreptococo: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 110 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  6. actual gobierno venezolano: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 76 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  7. actual del rabdomiosarcoma: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 110 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  8. aporte actual del: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 119 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  9. actual car fleet: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (ns-2). We have developed it to verify CarRing II's basic concepts, and to explore Zachmann, Gabriel 58 NUFinancials Actuals Journals Materials Science Websites Summary:...

  10. actual intec calcines: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    material microstructures were studied for materials prepared from three (more) Bennett, Barbara, 1971- 2000-01-01 2 Introduction Actual Industrial Problems Mathematics...

  11. Using Compliance Analysis for PPP to bridge the gap between SEA and EIA: Lessons from the Turcot Interchange reconstruction in Montréal, Québec

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thompson, Undiné-Celeste, E-mail: undine_t@hotmail.com; Marsan, Jean-François, E-mail: jfmarsan@hotmail.com; Fournier-Peyresblanques, Bastien, E-mail: bastien.fp@gmail.com; Forgues, Chantal, E-mail: chantal_forgues@hotmail.com; Ogaa, Anita, E-mail: aogaa1@gmail.com; Jaeger, Jochen A.G., E-mail: jochen.jaeger@concordia.ca

    2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    There is increasing concern about the disjunct between the intent of higher level government goals and actual projects “on the ground” in Canada. Although strategic environmental assessment (SEA) and a wide variety of plans, policies and programmes (PPP) contain and promote goals that envision a movement towards social, economic and environmental sustainability, these goals are not necessarily upheld by large-scale projects and their environmental impact assessments (EIAs). This disconnect is often illustrated through anecdotal observations. However, to be able to overcome this disjunct it is imperative to come to a clearer understanding of the degree of sustainability or unsustainability of large-scale developments and the way in which they “measure up” in terms of the goals when compared to alternative options. This article proposes a Compliance Analysis method for investigating the level of harmonization between SEA, PPP and proposed projects and their possible alternatives (CAPPP). This method is quantified through a Likert scale which allows for comparison of alternatives for decision making and analytical purposes. The 2009 proposal for the Turcot Exchange redevelopment in Montréal, Québec, put forward by the Ministry of Transport of Québec (MTQ), as well as two alternative proposals, were utilized as a case study to clearly demonstrate the CAPPP methodology and its applicability. The approved plan for the Turcot redevelopment proposed by MTQ was found to be in poor compliance with the majority of the 178 goals in the six sectors that were examined (air quality, climate change, health, noise, socioeconomic, transport), while alternative proposals were found to be in greater accordance with the intentions of governmental SEA and PPP. Synthesis and applications: The CAPPP methodology is a versatile “watchdog” tool for the examination of the level of compliance between stated goals for regions, industrial sectors, or governments and the EIAs of concrete projects “on the ground”. CAPPP can be used as a tool for comparative analysis in decision-making situations at various scales. CAPPP is a fairly straight-forward method that can be used by policy makers, EIA experts, and members of the general public alike. Highlights: ? We investigated the level of harmonization between SEA, plans, policies and programmes and EIA projects. ? We created a new methodology: the goal compliance analysis (GCA). ? We tested it on an ongoing project, the Turcot Interchange in Montreal, Canada. ? The method is straight-forward and can be used by policy makers, EIA experts, and members of the general public alike.

  12. Shale Gas Production: Potential versus Actual GHG Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shale Gas Production: Potential versus Actual GHG Emissions Francis O'Sullivan and Sergey Paltsev://globalchange.mit.edu/ Printed on recycled paper #12;1 Shale Gas Production: Potential versus Actual GHG Emissions Francis O'Sullivan* and Sergey Paltsev* Abstract Estimates of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from shale gas production and use

  13. Net Metering (New Brunswick, Canada)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The NB Power Net Metering program provides customers with the option to connect their own environmentally sustainable generation unit to NB Power's distribution system. The program allows customers...

  14. Road to Net Zero (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glover, B.

    2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A PowerPoint presentation on NREL's Research Support Facility (RSF) and the road to achieving net zero energy for new construction.

  15. Interleaving Semantics of Petri Nets Concurrency Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ábrahám, Erika

    Interleaving Semantics of Petri Nets Concurrency Theory Interleaving Semantics of Petri Nets Joost/47 Interleaving Semantics of Petri Nets Overview 1 Introduction 2 Basic net concepts 3 The interleaving semantics of Petri nets 4 Sequential runs 5 Summary Joost-Pieter Katoen and Thomas Noll Concurrency Theory 2

  16. Weekly Blender Net Production

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Year-0E (2001)gasoline prices4 Oil demand expected toallBlender Net

  17. Feasibility of Achieving a Zero-Net-Energy, Zero-Net-Cost Homes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feasibility of Achieving a Zero-Net-Energy, Zero-Net-Cost Homes 1 fey, 1David Feasibility of Achieving a ZeroNetEnergy, ZeroNetCost Homes 1 #12;2 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The material reduction, by requiring design entries to meet "zero net energy" and "zero net cost" criteria

  18. EHS-Net Cooling Study EHS-Net Cooling Study Protocol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EHS-Net Cooling Study 1 EHS-Net Cooling Study Protocol 1. Title EHS-Net Cooling Study 2. Research (EHS-Net) special study. EHS-Net is a collaboration involving the Centers for Disease Control confirmed foodborne outbreaks in the US (unpublished FoodNet data). These data clearly indicate

  19. 1, 275309, 2004 Net ecosystem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    respiration rates are 5 µmol m-2 s-1 . Net annual sequestration of carbon (C) was estimated at 1.7 (±0.5) ton the short intense growing season. The associated cost to the sequestration of carbon may be another C ha-1 in 2001. The net carbon exchange of the forest was extremely sensitive to small changes

  20. actual situation analysis: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    traffic participants. The proposed ASA includes all four levels of the traditional JDL (Joint Desel, Jrg 2 HOW TO APPLY ICA ON ACTUAL DATA ? EXAMPLE OF MARS HYPERSPECTRAL IMAGE...

  1. actuales relacionadas con: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 121 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  2. Experiment on Residential Ventilation System In Actual House

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tiecheng, L.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Traced-gas was used in the experiment in order to evaluate the ventilation effect in different conditions in actual house. The influence of interior doors which opened or closed and vents position were considered in the experiment....

  3. Courtesy of Sandro Ierovante Distributed by WWW.LENSINC.NET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kleinfeld, David

    Courtesy of Sandro Ierovante Distributed by WWW.LENSINC.NET #12;Distributed by WWW.LENSINC.NET #12;Distributed by WWW.LENSINC.NET #12;Distributed by WWW.LENSINC.NET #12;Distributed by WWW.LENSINC.NET #12;Distributed by WWW.LENSINC.NET #12;Distributed by WWW.LENSINC.NET #12;Distributed by WWW.LENSINC.NET #12

  4. SESILwww.nordSESIL.net NordSESIL.net

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;Nord SESILwww.nordSESIL.net Many communities in the Nordic region have: · remote locations · small populations · isolated energy systems · high enegy costs · high relative energy demands (heating

  5. Conformal nets II: conformal blocks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arthur Bartels; Christopher L. Douglas; André Henriques

    2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Conformal nets provide a mathematical formalism for conformal field theory. Associated to a conformal net with finite index, we give a construction of the `bundle of conformal blocks', a representation of the mapping class groupoid of closed topological surfaces into the category of finite-dimensional projective Hilbert spaces. We also construct infinite-dimensional spaces of conformal blocks for topological surfaces with smooth boundary. We prove that the conformal blocks satisfy a factorization formula for gluing surfaces along circles, and an analogous formula for gluing surfaces along intervals. We use this interval factorization property to give a new proof of the modularity of the category of representations of a conformal net.

  6. 2004 NET SYSTEM POWER CALCULATION COMMISSIONREPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION 2004 NET SYSTEM POWER CALCULATION COMMISSIONREPORT April 2005 CEC-300 on net system power [Senate Bill 1305, (Sher), Chapter 796, Statute of 1997]1 . Net system power in California. Net system power plays a role in California's retail disclosure program, which requires every

  7. A simple method to estimate actual evapotranspiration from a combination of net radiation, vegetation index, and temperature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Zhanqing

    and the dynamic nature of heat transfer processes. Satellite remote sensing is a promising tool which has been] Satellite remote sensing is a promising technique for estimating global or regional evapotranspiration (ET). A simple and accurate method is essential when estimating ET using remote sensing data. Such a method

  8. ,"Table 1. Net Energy For Load, Actual and Projected by North American Electric Reliability Corporation Region, "

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources andPlant Liquids,+ LeasePrice Sold to Electric Powere. Historical7,1.

  9. ,"Table 1. Net Energy For Load, Actual and Projected by North American Electric Reliability Corporation Region, "

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources andPlant Liquids,+ LeasePrice Sold to Electric Powere.

  10. Next Update: December 2011 Table 1. Net Energy For Load, Actual and Projected by North American Electric Reliability Corporation Region,

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office ofthrough 1996) inThousandWithdrawals (MillionNine Mile Pointper0 0 0 0e .f.

  11. Next Update: October 2010 Table 1. Net Energy For Load, Actual and Projected by North American Electric Reliability Corporation Region,

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office ofthrough 1996) inThousandWithdrawals (MillionNine Mile Pointper0 0

  12. Valley Electric Association- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Board of Directors for Valley Electric Association (VEA) approved net metering in April 2008. The rules apply to systems up to 30 kW, though owners of larger systems may be able to negotiate...

  13. Net Zero Energy Installations (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Booth, S.

    2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A net zero energy installation (NZEI) is one that produces as much energy from on-site renewable sources as it consumes. NZEI assessment provides a systematic approach to energy projects.

  14. Austin Energy- Net Metering (Texas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Austin Energy, the municipal utility of Austin Texas, offers net metering for renewable energy systems up to 20 kilowatts (kW) to its non-residential retail electricity customers. The definition of...

  15. NET-ZERO CARBON MANUFACTURING AT NET-ZERO COST Dustin Pohlman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kissock, Kelly

    1 NET-ZERO CARBON MANUFACTURING AT NET-ZERO COST Dustin Pohlman Industrial Assessment Center energy in manufacturing plants that results in net-zero carbon emissions at net-zero costs. The paper begins by reviewing the economics of net- zero energy buildings and discussing why a different approach

  16. EHS-Net Tomato Handling Study EHS-Net Tomato Handling Study Protocol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EHS-Net Tomato Handling Study 1 EHS-Net Tomato Handling Study Protocol I. Project Overview Title EHS-Net Tomato Handling Study Protocol Summary Few studies have examined in detail the nature Health Specialists Network (EHS-Net) special study. EHS- Net is a collaboration involving the Centers

  17. Generating Code Structures for Petri NetBased Agent Interaction Protocols Using Net Components

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamburg.Universit�¤t

    Generating Code Structures for Petri Net­Based Agent Interaction Protocols Using Net Components@informatik.uni­hamburg.de July 31, 2003 Abstract In this paper we introduce a straight forward approach for generating Petri Net of net components which provide basic tasks and the structure for Petri Nets. Agent interaction protocol

  18. Generating Code Structures for Petri Net-Based Agent Interaction Protocols Using Net Components

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamburg.Universit�¤t

    Generating Code Structures for Petri Net-Based Agent Interaction Protocols Using Net Components@informatik.uni-hamburg.de March 31, 2004 Abstract In this paper we introduce a straight forward approach for generating Petri Net of net components which provide basic tasks and the structure for Petri Nets. Agent interaction protocol

  19. Do Concept Inventories Actually Measure Anything? Colin S. Wallace

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    Do Concept Inventories Actually Measure Anything? Colin S. Wallace University of Colorado Society. All rights reserved. Abstract Although concept inventories are among the most frequently used it to the Star Properties Concept Inventory. We also use IRT to explore an important psychometrics debate

  20. Shale gas production: potential versus actual greenhouse gas emissions*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shale gas production: potential versus actual greenhouse gas emissions* Francis O, monitor and verify greenhouse gas emissions and climatic impacts. This reprint is one of a series intended Environ. Res. Lett. 7 (2012) 044030 (6pp) doi:10.1088/1748-9326/7/4/044030 Shale gas production: potential

  1. COORDINATING ADVICE AND ACTUAL TREATMENT Thomas A. Russ

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russ, Thomas A.

    . Unfortunately, this information is not always immediately available. For example, the exact fluid infused via an intravenous line can only be determined after someone checks the infusion bottle to determine how much fluid differ in timing and exact amount from what is actually done. For example, an infusion order might call

  2. Estimating the Actual Cost of Transmission System Congestion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    straightforward. Assuming complete knowledge of the power system inputs, such as the loads at all system buses congestion on a large-scale power system, such as the North American Eastern Interconnect, the simplicityEstimating the Actual Cost of Transmission System Congestion Thomas J. Overbye Department

  3. SCIENCE: JAMES WEBB SPACE TELESCOPE (JWST) Budget Authority Actual Estimate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) Prior FY 2011 FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2014 FY 2015 FY 2016 FY 2017 BTC Total FY 2013 President's Budget TELESCOPE (JWST) Formulation Development Operations JWST-2 FY 2013 BUDGET Budget Authority Actual Estimate (in $ millions) Prior FY 2011 FY 2012 2013 FY 2014 FY 2015 FY 2016 FY 2017 BTC Total FY 2013 President

  4. Steam Trap Testing and Evaluation: An Actual Plant Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feldman, A. L.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With rising steam costs and a high failure rate on the Joliet Plants standard steam trap, a testing and evaluation program was begun to find a steam trap that would work at Olin-Joliet. The basis was to conduct the test on the actual process...

  5. Factors associated with mosquito net use by individuals in households owning nets in Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graves, Patricia M; Ngondi, Jeremiah M; Hwang, Jimee; Getachew, Asefaw; Gebre, Teshome; Mosher, Aryc W; Patterson, Amy E; Shargie, Estifanos B; Tadesse, Zerihun; Wolkon, Adam; Reithinger, Richard; Emerson, Paul M; Richards, Frank O Jr

    2011-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract Background Ownership of insecticidal mosquito nets has dramatically increased in Ethiopia since 2006, but the proportion of persons with access to such nets who use them has declined. It is important to understand individual level net use...

  6. Net ecosystem production: A comprehensive measure of net carbon accumulation by ecosystems. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Randerson, J. T; Chapin, F. S; Harden, J. W; Neff, J. C; Harmon, M. E

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and F A. Bazzaz. August 2002 NET ECOSYSTEM PRODUCTION 1993.Net exchange of CO2 in a mid-latitude forest. ScienceN. , and E. -D. Schulze. 1999. Net CO, and H,O fluxes from

  7. import java.io.IOException; import java.net.URI;

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ricci, Laura

    import java.io.IOException; import java.net.URI; import java.util.Enumeration; import net.jxta.discovery.DiscoveryService; import net.jxta.document.AdvertisementFactory; import net.jxta.document.Element; import net.jxta.document.MimeMediaType; import net.jxta.document.StructuredDocument; import net.jxta.document.StructuredDocumentFactory; import

  8. World Net Nuclear Electric Power Generation, 1980-2007 - Datasets...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    U.S. Energy Information ... World Net Nuclear Electric ... Dataset Activity Stream World Net Nuclear Electric Power Generation, 1980-2007 International data showing world net...

  9. Home energy ratings systems: Actual usage may vary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stein, J.R. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States)

    1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Home energy ratings (HERS) attempt to predict typical energy costs for a given residence and estimate the savings potentials of various energy retrofits. This article discusses where the ratings could be improved to more accurately predict the actual energy consumption. Topics covered include the following: is HERS on target (scores, energy predictions, recommended energy improvements); why HERS aren`t perfect; improvements in HERS; the possibility that home energy ratings systems will become market driven. 1 fig., 2 tabs.

  10. The Goal of Net Zero

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ronquillo, M.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Goal of Net Zero CATEE 2014 Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference Andrew T. Cronberg, PE Interim Water Director City of Fort Worth, Texas November 19, 2014 Dallas, Texas ESL-KT-14-11-47 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency... Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18-20 •10 Journey to Net Zero began in the 1960’s •Digester Gas fueled Engine Blowers & Generators •Some heat recovery for anaerobic digesters ESL-KT-14-11-47 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas...

  11. NetCDF at NERSC

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated CodesTransparency VisitSilverNepheline crystallization inNetCDF NetCDF

  12. Long Island Power Authority- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    : Note: In October 2012 the LIPA Board of Trustees adopted changes to the utility's net metering tariff that permit remote net metering for non-residential solar and wind energy systems, and farm...

  13. AN ECONOMETRIC ANALYSIS OF NET INVESTMENT IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NOTES AN ECONOMETRIC ANALYSIS OF NET INVESTMENT IN GULF SHRIMP FISHING VESSELS1 The major capital to the Gulf shrimp fishery. The purpose of this study is to estimate an econometric model of annual real net

  14. City of St. George- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The St. George City Council adopted a [http://www.sgcity.org/wp/power/NetMeteringPolicy.pdf net-metering program for area utilities], including interconnection procedures, in October 2005.* The...

  15. Feasibility of Achieving Net-Zero-Energy Net-Zero-Cost

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Feasibility of Achieving Net- Zero-Energy Net-Zero-Cost Homes I.S. Walker, Al-Beaini, SSimjanovic,JohnStanley,BretStrogen,IainWalker FeasibilityofAchieving ZeroNetEnergy,Zero NetCostHomes #12;4 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

  16. Using WordNet to Extend FrameNet Coverage Richard Johansson and Pierre Nugues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nugues, Pierre

    Using WordNet to Extend FrameNet Coverage Richard Johansson and Pierre Nugues Department to address the prob- lem of sparsity in the FrameNet lexical database. The first method is based on the idea using a WordNet- based variant of the Lesk metric. The sec- ond method uses the sequence of synsets

  17. .NET DEVELOPER PROGRAM A ten-week comprehensive program covering Microsoft .NET technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schaefer, Marcus

    .NET DEVELOPER PROGRAM A ten-week comprehensive program covering Microsoft® .NET technologies DePaul University's .NET Developer Program is designed to provide programmers with an intensive and comprehensive introduction to all essential aspects of the technologies, techniques and principles of Microsoft .NET

  18. Algebraic Higher-Order Nets: Graphs and Petri Nets as Tokens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mossakowski, Till - Deutschen Forschungszentrum für Künstliche Intelligenz & Fachbereich 3

    Algebraic Higher-Order Nets: Graphs and Petri Nets as Tokens Kathrin Hoffmann1 and Till Mossakowski 2 BISS, Department of Computer Science University of Bremen Abstract. Petri nets and Algebraic High-Level Nets are well-known to model parallel and concurrent systems. In this paper, we introduce the concept

  19. Reconfigurable Nets, a Class of High Level Petri Nets Supporting Dynamic Changes?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpuente, María

    Reconfigurable Nets, a Class of High Level Petri Nets Supporting Dynamic Changes. E-mail: fjoliver@dsic.upv.es. Abstract.We introduce a class of high level Petri nets, called reconfig- urable nets, that can dynamically modify their own structure by rewrit- ing

  20. Algebraic HigherOrder Nets: Graphs and Petri Nets as Tokens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mossakowski, Till - Deutschen Forschungszentrum für Künstliche Intelligenz & Fachbereich 3

    Algebraic Higher­Order Nets: Graphs and Petri Nets as Tokens Kathrin Ho#mann 1 and Till Mossakowski 2 BISS, Department of Computer Science University of Bremen Abstract. Petri nets and Algebraic High­Level Nets are well­known to model parallel and concurrent systems. In this paper, we introduce the concept

  1. The CloudNets Network Virtualization Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmid, Stefan

    Nets Network Virtualization Architecture Johannes Grassler jgrassler@inet.tu-berlin.de 05. Februar, 2014 Johannes Grassler jgrassler@inet.tu-berlin.de The CloudNets Network Virtualization Architecture #12;..... . .... . .... . ..... . .... . .... . .... . ..... . .... . .... . .... . ..... . .... . .... . .... . ..... . .... . ..... . .... . .... . Johannes Grassler jgrassler@inet.tu-berlin.de The CloudNets Network Virtualization Architecture #12

  2. 2006 NET SYSTEM POWER REPORT COMMISSIONREPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION 2006 NET SYSTEM POWER REPORT COMMISSIONREPORT April 2007 CEC-300 This report provides the California Energy Commission's annual calculation of net system power as required by state law (Public Utilities Code, § 398.1 - 398.5). The report also defines net system power

  3. Representations of Petri net interactions Pawel Sobocinski

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sobocinski, Pawel

    Representations of Petri net interactions Pawel Soboci´nski ECS, University of Southampton, UK Abstract. We introduce a novel compositional algebra of Petri nets, as well as a stateful extension In part owing to their intuitive graphical representation, Petri nets [28] are of- ten used both

  4. Generalised Soundness of Workflow Nets is Decidable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sidorova, Natalia

    Generalised Soundness of Workflow Nets is Decidable Kees van Hee, Natalia Sidorova, and Marc investigate the decidability of the problem of generalised soundness for Workflow nets: ``Every marking with considering simple correctness criteria for Workflow nets and reduce them to the check of structural

  5. NET SYSTEM POWER: A SMALL SHARE OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION NET SYSTEM POWER: A SMALL SHARE OF CALIFORNIA'S POWER MIX IN 2005 the California Energy Commission's annual calculation of net system power as required by state law (Public Utilities Code, § 398.1 - 398.5). The report also defines net system power and explains how

  6. EXTENDED SIMPLE COLORED PETRI NETS: A TOOL FOR PLANT SIMULATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coglio, Alessandro

    EXTENDED SIMPLE COLORED PETRI NETS: A TOOL FOR PLANT SIMULATION Antonio Camurri and Alessandro, I­16145 Genova, Italy {music, tokamak}@dist.unige.it ABSTRACT Extended Simple Colored Petri Nets (ESCP­nets) are a new class of High­level Petri Nets conceived as a good trade­off between Petri Nets (P­nets

  7. Direct quantum communication without actual transmission of the message qubits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chitra Shukla; Anirban Pathak

    2013-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently an orthogonal state based protocol of direct quantum communication without actual transmission of particles is proposed by Salih \\emph{et al.}{[}Phys. Rev. Lett. \\textbf{110} (2013) 170502{]} using chained quantum Zeno effect. As the no-transmission of particle claim is criticized by Vaidman {[}arXiv:1304.6689 (2013){]}, the condition (claim) of Salih \\emph{et al.} is weaken here to the extent that transmission of particles is allowed, but transmission of the message qubits (the qubits on which the secret information is encoded) is not allowed. Remaining within this weaker condition it is shown that there exists a large class of quantum states, that can be used to implement an orthogonal state based protocol of secure direct quantum communication using entanglement swapping, where actual transmission of the message qubits is not required. The security of the protocol originates from monogamy of entanglement. As the protocol can be implemented without using conjugate coding its security is independent of non-commutativity.

  8. Comparison of CHEERS energy use predictions with actual utility bills

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilcox, B.A.; Hunt, M.B.

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The usefulness of Home Energy Rating Systems (HERS) is primarily derived from the accurate analysis of the present energy efficiency of a home and the cost effectiveness of the measures that are recommended for improving its efficiency. The Energy Efficient Mortgage is predicated on the concept that the mortgage money spent to improve the efficiency of a home will cost less per months to finance that the utility bill savings that are generated. Computer simulation programs are used to estimate the annual energy used for heating, cooling and domestic hot water. A large sample of rated homes in San Jose California was analyzed to compare predicted energy sue with actual bills. The HERS predictions for both heating and cooling were found to significantly overestimate the energy use of low rated homes compared to efficient homes. Cooling energy use of low rated homes with air conditioning was actually lower than for efficient homes with air conditioning. Significant correlation between family characteristics and home efficiency are thought to be part of the reason for this dilemma. A number of areas are proposed for further work to improve the HERS estimates.

  9. DIAGNOSING, BENCHMARKING AND TRANSFORMING THE LEED CERTIFIED FIU SIPA BUILDING INTO A NET-ZERO-ENERGY BUILDING (NET-ZEB)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pala, Nezih

    INTO A NET-ZERO-ENERGY BUILDING (NET-ZEB) Thomas Spiegelhalter Florida International University-neutral or Net-Zero-Energy buildings until 2030. (1) The topic of Net-Zero-Energy-Buildings (Net-ZEBs) has the performance with passive and active strategies towards a Net-Zero-Energy Building. (Fig. 1, 2) 1.1 SIPA

  10. NASA Net Zero Energy Buildings Roadmap

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pless, S.; Scheib, J.; Torcellini, P.; Hendron, B.; Slovensky, M.

    2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In preparation for the time-phased net zero energy requirement for new federal buildings starting in 2020, set forth in Executive Order 13514, NASA requested that the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to develop a roadmap for NASA's compliance. NASA detailed a Statement of Work that requested information on strategic, organizational, and tactical aspects of net zero energy buildings. In response, this document presents a high-level approach to net zero energy planning, design, construction, and operations, based on NREL's first-hand experience procuring net zero energy construction, and based on NREL and other industry research on net zero energy feasibility. The strategic approach to net zero energy starts with an interpretation of the executive order language relating to net zero energy. Specifically, this roadmap defines a net zero energy acquisition process as one that sets an aggressive energy use intensity goal for the building in project planning, meets the reduced demand goal through energy efficiency strategies and technologies, then adds renewable energy in a prioritized manner, using building-associated, emission- free sources first, to offset the annual energy use required at the building; the net zero energy process extends through the life of the building, requiring a balance of energy use and production in each calendar year.

  11. Farmington Electric Utility System- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Net metering rules developed by the New Mexico Public Regulation Commission (PRC) apply to the state's investor-owned utilities and electric cooperatives. Municipal utilities, which are not...

  12. Zero-Safe Nets: Modeling Transactions via Transition Synchronization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruni, Roberto

    Zero-Safe Nets: Modeling Transactions via Transition Synchronization Roberto Bruni and Ugo of the same zero-safe net. Zero-safe nets (ZS nets) have been introduced in [BM97] to provide a basic called stable places), ZS nets include a set of zero places. These are idealized resources that remain in

  13. Presented by SensorNet: The New Science of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .S. Department of Energy DeNap_SensorNet_SC10 SensorNet Collection Processing DisseminationSecurity Knowledge requirements Regulations Technology Intelligent Real world #12;3 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy DeNap_SensorNet_SC10 SensorNet SensorNet is ORNL's research in sensor network interoperability

  14. Overfitting in Neural Nets: Backpropagation, Conjugate Gradient, and Early Stopping

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caruana, Rich

    Overfitting in Neural Nets: Backpropagation, Conjugate Gradient, and Early Stopping Rich Caruana is that backprop nets with excess hidden units generalize poorly. We show that nets with excess capacity generalize) Regardless of size, nets learn task subcomponents in similar sequence. Big nets pass through stages similar

  15. Partial Order Semantics of Types of Nets Robert Lorenz1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desel, Jörg

    Partial Order Semantics of Types of Nets Robert Lorenz1 , Gabriel Juh´as2 , and Sebastian Mauser3 1 of types of nets. Types of nets are a parametric definition of Petri nets originally developed for a general presentation of the synthesis of Petri nets from (step) transition systems. Partial order

  16. Structural and Dynamic Changes in Concurrent Systems: Reconfigurable Petri Nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpuente, María

    Structural and Dynamic Changes in Concurrent Systems: Reconfigurable Petri Nets Marisa Llorens subject to dynamic changes using extensions of Petri nets. We begin by introducing the notion of net rewriting system. In a net rewriting system, a system configuration is described as a Petri net and a change

  17. Executability of Scenarios in Petri Nets Robert Lorenz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desel, Jörg

    Executability of Scenarios in Petri Nets Robert Lorenz Lehrstuhl f¨ur Angewandte Informatik whether a scenario is an execution of a Petri net. This holds for a wide variety of Petri net classes, ranging from elementary nets to general inhibitor nets. Scenarios are given by causal structures

  18. EHS-Net Hand Hygiene Study EHS-Net Hand Hygiene Study Protocol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EHS-Net Hand Hygiene Study 1 EHS-Net Hand Hygiene Study Protocol I. Project Overview Title EHS-Net Hand Hygiene Study Protocol Summary Good hand hygiene is of critical importance in preventing of personal hygiene policies and practices in food service establishments. The purpose of this study

  19. Net alkalinity and net acidity 2: Practical considerations Carl S. Kirby a,*, Charles A. Cravotta III b,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirby, Carl S.

    Net alkalinity and net acidity 2: Practical considerations Carl S. Kirby a,*, Charles A. Cravotta of the sample. The Hot Acidity directly measures net acidity (=Ã?net alkalinity). Samples that had near-neutral p in their alkalinities and dissolved Fe, Mn, and Al concentrations. Hot Acidity was approximately equal to net acidity

  20. Net Benefits to Agriculture from the Trinity River Project, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fish, B.; Williford, G.; Elling, H.; Lacewell, R. D.; Hosch, P.; Griffin, W.; Reddell, D. L.; Hiler, E. A.; Bausch, W.

    by applying published seasonal flood damage factors and flood frequency as developed from a producer survey to annual gross returns. Annual net benefits were calculated as net returns with flood protection less net returns without flood protection...

  1. New constraints on Northern Hemisphere growing season net flux

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AL. : LARGER NORTH HEMISPHERE NET ECOSYSTEM EXCHANGE L12807AL. : LARGER NORTH HEMISPHERE NET ECOSYSTEM EXCHANGE Levin,Northern Hemisphere growing season net flux Z. Yang, 1 R. A.

  2. A .NET ASSEMBLY FOR EPICS SIMPLE CHANNEL ACCESS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Timossi, Christopher A.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Application Development Using .NET”, PCAPAC [5] H. NishimuraA .NET ASSEMBLY FOR EPICS SIMPLE CHANNEL ACCESS* C. Timossi,interface software using the .NET platform and the C#

  3. Particle Tracking and Simulation on the .NET Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nishimura, Hiroshi; Scarvie, Tom

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    can use IronPython[10] to access .NET assemblies directly atTRACKING AND SIMULATION ON THE .NET FRAMEWORK * H. Nishimurathe effectiveness of the .NET framework by converting a C++

  4. EPICS SCA CLIENTS ON THE .NET X64 PLATFORM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Timossi, Chris; Nishimura, Hiroshi

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EPICS SCA CLIENTS ON THE .NET X64 PLATFORM* C. Timossi 1 andAbstract We have developed a .NET assembly, which we callCa.dll) are categorized by .NET as unmanaged because they

  5. Supported by GreenNet-EU27

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Figueiredo Integration costs of wind due to changed system operation and investment decisions in GermanySupported by GreenNet-EU27 EIE/04/049/S07.38561 GreenNet-EU27 GUIDING A LEAST COST GRID INTEGRATION cost and grid extension cost caused by intermittent RES-E grid integration Derk Jan Swider (Ed

  6. THalumni.net Trinity Hall's online community

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lasenby, Joan

    THalumni.net Trinity Hall's online community Joining THalumni.net allows members to: · Check or location and send a private message to other Trinity Hall members. · Join the careers directory if you or loca- tion and send Trinity Hall members a private message. · Book and pay for events online and see

  7. Synthesis, formation mechanism and sensing properties of WO{sub 3} hydrate nanowire netted-spheres

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yan, Aihua [State Key Laboratory of Material Processing and Die and Mould Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074 (China)] [State Key Laboratory of Material Processing and Die and Mould Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074 (China); Xie, Changsheng, E-mail: csxie@mail.hust.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of Material Processing and Die and Mould Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074 (China) [State Key Laboratory of Material Processing and Die and Mould Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074 (China); Nanomaterial and Smart Sensor Research Laboratory, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074 (China); Zeng, Dawen [State Key Laboratory of Material Processing and Die and Mould Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074 (China)] [State Key Laboratory of Material Processing and Die and Mould Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074 (China); Cai, Shuizhou; Hu, Mulin [Nanomaterial and Smart Sensor Research Laboratory, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074 (China)] [Nanomaterial and Smart Sensor Research Laboratory, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074 (China)

    2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Tungsten oxide hydrate nanowire netted-spheres were successfully synthesized in the glycol solution using a facile solvothermal approach. The nanowires with uniform diameter of 4-6 nm are actually a kind of tungsten oxide hydrate/surfactant hybrid materials. The influence of surfactant, solvent, time and temperature on tailoring morphology was investigated in detail. The possible formation process of WO{sub 3} hydrate nanowire netted-sphere was proposed. Sensing properties of such WO{sub 3} hydrate sensor show that the desirable sensing characteristics towards 100 ppm ammonia gas at 320 {sup o}C were obtained, such as rapid response (18.3 s), high sensitivity, good reproducibility and stability.

  8. Net Zero Design Yields Positive Results "Net zero" is used to describe a building designed to provide as

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waliser, Duane E.

    Net Zero Design Yields Positive Results "Net zero" is used to describe a building designed federal buildings in the planning process as of 2020 or later must be designed to meet net zero standards

  9. Energy Department Helps University of California Develop Net...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Energy Transition Initiative Energy Department Helps University of California Develop Net-Zero Campus Energy Department Helps University of California Develop Net-Zero Campus...

  10. Best Practices for Controlling Capital Costs in Net Zero Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Best Practices for Controlling Capital Costs in Net Zero Energy Design and Construction - 2014 BTO Peer Review Best Practices for Controlling Capital Costs in Net Zero Energy...

  11. Designing Hawaii's First LEED Platinum Net Zero Community: Kaupuni...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Designing Hawaii's First LEED Platinum Net Zero Community: Kaupuni Village Designing Hawaii's First LEED Platinum Net Zero Community: Kaupuni Village U.S. Department of Energy...

  12. Net Zero Waste - Tools and Technical Support ...and other observations...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Net Zero Waste - Tools and Technical Support ...and other observations Net Zero Waste - Tools and Technical Support ...and other observations Presentation at Waste-to-Energy using...

  13. NREL: Continuum Magazine - Net-Zero Building Technologies Create...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Net-Zero Building Technologies Create Substantial Energy Savings Issue 6 Print Version Share this resource Net-Zero Building Technologies Create Substantial Energy Savings...

  14. Aspinall Courthouse: GSA's Historic Preservation and Net-Zero...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Aspinall Courthouse: GSA's Historic Preservation and Net-Zero Renovation Aspinall Courthouse: GSA's Historic Preservation and Net-Zero Renovation Aspinall Courthouse: GSA's...

  15. Lessons Learned from Net Zero Energy Assessments and Renewable...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Lessons Learned from Net Zero Energy Assessments and Renewable Energy Projects at Military Installations Lessons Learned from Net Zero Energy Assessments and Renewable Energy...

  16. U-074: Microsoft .NET Bugs Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    4: Microsoft .NET Bugs Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Commands, Access User Accounts, and Redirect Users U-074: Microsoft .NET Bugs Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Commands,...

  17. US Crude Oil Production Surpasses Net Imports | Department of...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    US Crude Oil Production Surpasses Net Imports US Crude Oil Production Surpasses Net Imports Source: Energy Information Administration Short Term Energy Outlook. Chart by Daniel...

  18. assessing bed net: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Net Environmental Benefit Analysis: A New Assessment Methodology R. A. Efroymson 4 Assessing Debris Flow Hazard by Credal Nets A. Antonucci1 Computer Technologies and...

  19. Bull. U. 5. F. C.1892. Fykc Nets. (To face page 299.) PLATELXXII. &-THE FYKE NETS AND FYKE-NET FISHERIES OF THE UNITED STATES,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bull. U. 5. F. C.1892. Fykc Nets. (To face page 299.) PLATELXXII. ti P W n W a Y .- W Y >LL a 0 0: n W Y tLL Y 0 0 n m #12;&-THE FYKE NETS AND FYKE-NET FISHERIES OF THE UNITED STATES, WITH NOTES ON THE FYKE NETS OF OTHER COUNTRIES. BY HUGH M. SMITH, M. D. DEFINITION OF THE FYKE NET. The inquirer who goes

  20. High-Level Nets with Nets and Rules as Tokens Kathrin Ho mann 1 , Hartmut Ehrig 1 , and Till Mossakowski 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mossakowski, Till - Deutschen Forschungszentrum für Künstliche Intelligenz & Fachbereich 3

    High-Level Nets with Nets and Rules as Tokens Kathrin Ho#11;mann 1 , Hartmut Ehrig 1 , and Till-Level net models following the paradigm \

  1. actual del no-acceso: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 110 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  2. actual hanford 241-aw-101: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 85 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  3. actual icpp sodium-bearing: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 67 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  4. actual ineel sodium-bearing: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    or generate figures Goldberg, Robert B. 68 This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate...

  5. Mid-Course Review: NetCDF in the Current

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    architecture Improved performance Generic tools NetCDF-4 adoption Standards endorsements Gridspec APICDF/libcf, netCDF-Java, CDM, TDS, NcML, CF conventions Adopt, develop, and promote open standards, conventions for observational data Improve compatibility between netCDF APIs and OPeNDAP protocols Improve netCDF performance

  6. NON-DOUBLE-COUPLE EARTHQUAKES: NET FORCES AND UNCERTAINTIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foulger, G. R.

    NON-DOUBLE-COUPLE EARTHQUAKES: NET FORCES AND UNCERTAINTIES G.R. Foulger, B.R. Julian University-980) to include net forces in the mechanisms. Net forces are theoretically required to describe earthquakes) waves cannot resolve sources such as vertical dipoles. When source mechanisms include net forces, even

  7. A Theory of Operational Equivalence for Interaction Nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernández, Maribel

    A Theory of Operational Equivalence for Interaction Nets Maribel Fernâ??andez 1 and Ian Mackie 2 1. In this paper we apply these (now standard) techniques to interactions nets, a graphical programming language in interaction nets since it can be applied to untyped systems, thus all systems of interaction nets are captured

  8. Rewriting Logic as a Unifying Framework for Petri Nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meseguer, José

    Rewriting Logic as a Unifying Framework for Petri Nets Mark-Oliver Stehr, Jos#19;e Meseguer as a unifying framework for a wide range of Petri nets models. We treat in detail place/transition nets that \\Petri nets are monoids" suggested by Meseguer and Montanari we de#12;ne a rewriting semantics that maps

  9. Putting high-level Petri nets to work in industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Aalst, Wil

    Putting high-level Petri nets to work in industry W.M.P. van der Aalst Department of Mathematics Petri nets exist for over 30 years. Especially in the last decade Petri nets have been put into practice extensively. Thanks to several useful ex- tensions and the availability of computer tools, Petri nets have

  10. U.S. Virgin Islands- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In February 2007, the U.S. Virgin Islands Public Services Commission approved a limited net-metering program for residential and commercial photovoltaic (PV), wind-energy or other renewable energ...

  11. Murray City Power- Net Metering Pilot Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Under a pilot program, Murray City Power offers net metering to customers that generate electricity using photovoltaic (PV), wind-electric or hydroelectric systems with a maximum capacity of 10...

  12. SIXTH FRAMEWORK PROGRAMME PRIORITY "ERA-NET"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Co-ordination Action to Establish a Hydrogen and Fuel Cell ERA-Net, Hydrogen Co- ordination Work.....................................................................34 4.5 Hydrogen conversion ­ Fuel cells......................................................................36 4.6 Application of hydrogen and fuel cell technology

  13. Definition of a 'Zero Net Energy' Community

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carlisle, N.; Van Geet, O.; Pless, S.

    2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document provides a definition for a net zero-energy community. A community that offsets all of its energy use from renewables available within the community's built environment.

  14. Microsoft Word - Net Requirements Transparency Process_09302014

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    4 As part of its Net Requirements Transparency process, on July 31, 2014 BPA published the SliceBlock and Block customers' FY2013 and forecast FY2015 Total Retail Load (TRL) and...

  15. Hydro-Québec Net Metering (Quebec, Canada)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In line with Hydro-Québec's commitment to the environment and sustainable development, Hydro-Québec is supporting self-generation with a new rate offering: the net metering option. This option...

  16. City of New Orleans- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In May 2007, the New Orleans City Council adopted net-metering rules that are similar to rules adopted by the Louisiana Public Service Commission (PSC) in November 2005. The City Council's rules...

  17. Freeze-out conditions from net-proton and net-charge fluctuations at RHIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paolo Alba; Wanda Alberico; Rene Bellwied; Marcus Bluhm; Valentina Mantovani Sarti; Marlene Nahrgang; Claudia Ratti

    2014-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We calculate ratios of higher-order susceptibilities quantifying fluctuations in the number of net protons and in the net-electric charge using the Hadron Resonance Gas (HRG) model. We take into account the effect of resonance decays, the kinematic acceptance cuts in rapidity, pseudo-rapidity and transverse momentum used in the experimental analysis, as well as a randomization of the isospin of nucleons in the hadronic phase. By comparing these results to the latest experimental data from the STAR collaboration, we determine the freeze-out conditions from net-electric charge and net-proton distributions and discuss their consistency.

  18. .NET WEB DEVELOPER PROGRAM A ten-week comprehensive program covering web development using Microsoft .NET technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schaefer, Marcus

    .NET WEB DEVELOPER PROGRAM A ten-week comprehensive program covering web development using Microsoft® .NET technologies DePaul University's .NET Web Developer Program is designed to provide, techniques and principles of Microsoft .NET. The program stresses an understanding of the relevant

  19. actual beta-blocker prescribing: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    actual beta-blocker prescribing First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Actual and Prescribed...

  20. Rubber in Laos Detection of actual and assessment of potential plantations in Lao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Rubber in Laos Detection of actual and assessment of potential plantations in Lao PDR using GIS for Development and Environment, University of Bern #12;ii #12;Rubber in Laos Detection of actual and assessment, the motivation for this thesis is mainly based on giving a contribution to the current research on rubber in Laos

  1. Measurement of differential and actual recombination parameters on crystalline silicon wafers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schmidt, J.

    1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, for the first time, measurements of differential and actual recombination parameters on crystalline silicon wafers are directly compared. In order to determine the differential bulk lifetime and the differential surface recombination velocity (SRV), small-signal light-biased microwave-detected photoconductance decay (MW-PCD) and modulated free-carrier adsorption (MFCA) measurements are performed. The results obtained by these widespread techniques are compared with quasi-steady-state photoconductance (QSSPC) measurements, which directly determine the actual recombination parameters. On high-resistivity (1,000 {Omega}cm) float-zone (FL) n-type silicon at high injection levels, it is shown that the differentially measured Auger lifetime is a factor of three smaller than the actual Auger lifetime. This finding is in excellent agreement with the theory derived in this work. Thermally oxidized low-resistivity ({approximately}1 {Omega}cm) p-Si wafers serve as an experimental vehicle to compare the differential and the actual injection-level dependent SRV of the Si-SiO{sub 2} interface under low-injection conditions. Using two different integration procedures, the actual SRV is calculated from the differentially measured quantity. The actual SRV measured by the QSSPC technique is found to match perfectly the actual SRV obtained by integration.

  2. Chapter 17: Estimating Net Savings: Common Practices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Violette, D. M.; Rathbun, P.

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This chapter focuses on the methods used to estimate net energy savings in evaluation, measurement, and verification (EM&V) studies for energy efficiency (EE) programs. The chapter provides a definition of net savings, which remains an unsettled topic both within the EE evaluation community and across the broader public policy evaluation community, particularly in the context of attribution of savings to particular program. The chapter differs from the measure-specific Uniform Methods Project (UMP) chapters in both its approach and work product. Unlike other UMP resources that provide recommended protocols for determining gross energy savings, this chapter describes and compares the current industry practices for determining net energy savings, but does not prescribe particular methods.

  3. Net-Baryon Physics: Basic Mechanisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Alvarez-Muniz; R. Conceicao; J. Dias de Deus; M. C. Espirito Santo; J. G. Milhano; M. Pimenta

    2007-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

    It is well known that, in nuclear collisions, a sizable fraction of the available energy is carried away by baryons. As the baryon number is conserved, the net-baryon $B-\\bar{B}$ retains information on the energy-momentum carried by the incoming nuclei. A simple but consistent model for net-baryon production in high energy hadron-hadron, hadron-nucleus and nucleus-nucleus collisions is presented. The basic ingredients of the model are valence string formation based on standard PDFs with QCD evolution and string fragmentation via the Schwinger mechanism. The results of the model are presented and compared with both data and existing models. These results show that a good description of the main features of net-baryon data is possible on the framework of a simplistic model, with the advantage of making the fundamental production mechanisms manifest.

  4. Actual application

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eagar, Thomas W.

    importance that the Japanese attach to this technology. Today, it is clear that the Japanese lead the world technologies in japan. Electron Beam Ma1erials Processing In the United States, electron beam technology b egan) Electron Beam and Laser Beam Materials Processing in Japan japan has become a world leader in high-power EB

  5. Compositional construction and analysis of Petri net systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rojas, Isabel C.

    Most Petri net (PN) based modelling formalisms represent the system modelled as a flat net. This may not clearly reflect the elements that participate in the system and the way they communicate or interact. It can also ...

  6. UMTC Climate Action Plan: Roadmap to Net Zero

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    UMTC Climate Action Plan: Roadmap to Net Zero Emissions Co-chairs of UMTC Sustainability Committee changes · Goal: Develop a plan for achieving net zero greenhouse gas emissions #12;UMTC Greenhouse Gas

  7. NetPal: A Dynamic Network Administration Knowledge Base

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milios, Evangelos E.

    NetPal: A Dynamic Network Administration Knowledge Base Ashley George, Adetokunbo Makanju system designed to assist network administra- tors in their troubleshooting tasks, in recall- ing hosting environments, Net- pal summarises network data and and supports retrieval of relevant

  8. Net Zero Energy Military Installations: A Guide to Assessment...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Net Zero Energy Military Installations: A Guide to Assessment and Planning Net Zero Energy Military Installations: A Guide to Assessment and Planning In 2008, DoD and DOE defined a...

  9. Zero Net Energy Myths and Modes of Thought

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajkovich, Nicholas B.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    buildings, see the Zero Energy Buildings Database at http://2009). "Net-Zero Energy Commercial Buildings Initiative."a target of zero net energy (ZNE) in buildings by 2030. One

  10. http://www.revistaecosistemas.net/articulo.asp?Id=724 INVESTIGACIN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vermont, University of

    Inventarios Forestales (BIOTREE-NET) en Mesoamérica: avances, retos y perspectivas futuras L. Cayuela 1, L

  11. The economics of net metering Larry Hughes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughes, Larry

    . In jurisdictions that permit net metering, the owners of these facilities (the customer-generators) can supply of financial compensation on the selection of generation equipment from the perspective of the customer that generate electricity intermittently (typically renewables such as wind and solar) need not be concerned

  12. The BLOOMhouse:Zero Net Energy Housing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garrison, M.; Krepart, R.; Randall, S.; Novoselac, A.

    The 2007 University of Texas Solar Decathlon House is called the BLOOMhouse because it represents the “seed” of new ideas for zero net energy housing. The University of Texas student team developed a prefabricated 7.9 kW stand-alone solar-powered...

  13. Bayes Nets Representation: joint distribution and conditional

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitchell, Tom

    Bayes Nets Representation: joint distribution and conditional independence Yi Zhang 10-701, Machine joint distribution of BNs Infer C. I. from factored joint distributions D-separation (motivation) 2 structure All about the joint distribution of variables ! Conditional independence assumptions are useful

  14. NET-ZERO ENERGY HIGH PERFORMANCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farritor, Shane

    , University of Nebraska­Lincoln · Denise Kuehn, Manager, Demand Side and Sustainable Management, Omaha Public was that the largest potential for enhancing energy supplies in this country is making buildings more efficient. "-- Harvey Perlman, UNL Chancellor #12;Net-Zero Energy, High-Performance Green Buildings | 1 INTRODUCTION

  15. Feasibility of Achieving a Zero-Net-Energy, Zero-Net-Cost Homes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Beaini, S.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    near zero” energy definitions exist.    EnEV Compliant to differing definitions of zero  energy, methods for cost to the “net zero” definitions, a range of “low energy” or “

  16. Net Zero Energy Military Installations: A Guide to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Net Zero Energy Military Installations: A Guide to Assessment and Planning Samuel Booth, John;Technical Report Net Zero Energy Military NREL/TP-7A2-48876 Installations: A Guide to August 2010 Assessment .......................................................................................................................................1 1 Introduction: Net Zero Energy In DoD Context

  17. ERDCTR-14-2 Army Net Zero Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    ERDCTR-14-2 Army Net Zero Program Composting Assessment for Organic Solid Waste at Fort Polk/client/default. #12;Army Net Zero Program ERDC TR-14-2 April 2014 Composting Assessment for Organic Solid Waste for other technical reports published by ERDC, visit the ERDC online library at http://acwc.sdp.sirsi.net

  18. Net Zero Residential Test Facility Gaithersburg, MD Solar Photovoltaic Panels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    1 Net Zero Residential Test Facility Gaithersburg, MD Solar Photovoltaic Panels Solar Thermal;NZERTF Gaithersburg, MD 3 Objectives Demonstrate Net-Zero Energy for a home similar in nature: · Demonstrate Net-Zero Energy Usage · Measure All Building Loads (Sensible and Latent) · Operate Dedicated

  19. Materials and Methods Strain construction, materials, and Net1 mutagenesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shou, Wenying

    Materials and Methods Strain construction, materials, and Net1 mutagenesis All strains used and destruction boxes (Clb2C2DK100)HA3 was used in over-expression experiments with Clb2 (1). Net1 mutant constructs were created as previously described (2). Briefly, a wild type NET1-myc9 epitope tagged construct

  20. SELECTIVITY OF TOWED-NET SAMPLERS RICHARD A. BARKLEY'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SELECTIVITY OF TOWED-NET SAMPLERS RICHARD A. BARKLEY' ABSTRACf The ideal sampler for plankton theoretical analysis of one aspect of selectivity, avoidance of towed-net samplers. The theory is evaluated against three sets of paired samples obtained by different nets at different speeds to provide absolute

  1. HEALTH NET PHARMACY BENEFITS Plan codes WEE, WKK, WQQ1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mullins, Dyche

    HEALTH NET PHARMACY BENEFITS Plan codes WEE, WKK, WQQ1 The following is a brief description of your Health Net Pharmacy benefits. PRESCRIPTIONS BY MAIL If your prescription is for a maintenance medication III. For complete information, log on as a Health Net member at www.healthnet.com > View prescription

  2. PNGT'04 Preliminary Version A congruence for Petri nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sobocinski, Pawel

    PNGT'04 Preliminary Version A congruence for Petri nets Vladimiro Sassone University of Sussex Pawel Soboci´nski Universit`a di Pisa Abstract We introduce a way of viewing Petri nets as open systems. This is done by considering a bicategory of cospans over a category of p/t nets and embeddings. We derive

  3. True Concurrency Semantics of Petri Nets (I) Concurrency Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ábrahám, Erika

    True Concurrency Semantics of Petri Nets (I) Concurrency Theory True Concurrency Semantics of Petri Nets (I) Joost-Pieter Katoen and Thomas Noll Lehrstuhl für Informatik 2 Software Modeling and Thomas Noll Concurrency Theory 1/48 True Concurrency Semantics of Petri Nets (I) Overview 1 Introduction

  4. The Compositionality of Abstraction for Coloured Petri Nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lakos, Charles

    The Compositionality of Abstraction for Coloured Petri Nets Charles Lakos, Electrical Engineering.Lakos@utas.edu.au Abstract: An earlier paper considered the appropriate properties for abstract net components in the Coloured Petri Net formalism. This paper extends that earlier work in refining some definitions

  5. The Individual and Collective Token Interpretations of Petri Nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pratt, Vaughan

    The Individual and Collective Token Interpretations of Petri Nets Rob van Glabbeek National ICT@cs.stanford.edu Abstract. Starting from the opinion that the standard firing rule of Petri nets embodies the collective token interpretation of nets rather than their individual token interpretation, I propose a new firing

  6. INFORMATION SYSTEMS MODELLING USING LOOPN++, AN OBJECT PETRI NET SCHEME

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lakos, Charles

    INFORMATION SYSTEMS MODELLING USING LOOPN++, AN OBJECT PETRI NET SCHEME Chris Keen and Charles, object petri nets, information systems modelling, ontological expressiveness Abstract There have been formalisms based on petri nets. In particular, the application of object­based design principles have

  7. Complexity Results for 1-safe Nets Allan Cheng

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palsberg, Jens

    Complexity Results for 1-safe Nets Allan Cheng Computer Science Department, Aarhus University Ny@daimi.aau.dk Abstract We study the complexity of several standard problems for 1-safe Petri nets and some of its subclasses. We prove that reachability, liveness, and deadlock are all PSPACE-complete for 1-safe nets. We

  8. The Individual and Collective Token Interpretations of Petri Nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pratt, Vaughan

    The Individual and Collective Token Interpretations of Petri Nets@cs.stanford.edu Abstract. Starting from the opinion that the standard firing rule of Petri nets embodies the collective token interpretation of nets rather than their individual token interpretation, I propose

  9. The Object Orientation of Object Petri Nets Charles Lakos,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lakos, Charles

    The Object Orientation of Object Petri Nets Charles Lakos, Computer Science Department, University informally introduces Object Petri Nets (OPNs) with a number of examples and discusses how this kind of Petri Net addresses a number of issues pertinent to Concurrent Object­Oriented Programming Languages. OPNs

  10. FishNet: Finding and Maintaining Information on the Net Paul De Bra 1 and Pim Lemmens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Bra, Paul

    FishNet: Finding and Maintaining Information on the Net Paul De Bra 1 and Pim Lemmens Department whether links are still valid and whether documents they point to have been modified or moved. ffl Fish of a given set of (addresses of) documents. FishNet keeps track of the evolution of a domain of interest

  11. Making a Place for Seniors on the Net: SeniorNet, Senior Identity, and the Digital Divide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ito, Mimi

    Making a Place for Seniors on the Net: SeniorNet, Senior Identity, and the Digital Divide Mizuko Ito1 , Vicki L. O'Day2 , Annette Adler3 , Charlotte Linde4 , Elizabeth D. Mynatt5 Expanding the Story of the Digital Divide The most recent edition of the annual "Falling Through the Net" report from the U

  12. A Portable Rocket-Net System for Capturing Wildlife Construction, use, and safety of a portable rocket-net system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Portable Rocket-Net System for Capturing Wildlife Construction, use, and safety of a portable rocket-net system for use in wildlife capture are described, including the standard 3-rocket system, are presented. Keywords: Rocket net, wildlife capture, trapping, bald eagle, Haliaeetus leucocephalus, Arizona

  13. Net-baryon-, net-proton-, and net-charge kurtosis in heavy-ion collisions within a relativistic transport approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marlene Nahrgang; Tim Schuster; Michael Mitrovski; Reinhard Stock; Marcus Bleicher

    2012-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We explore the potential of net-baryon, net-proton and net-charge kurtosis measurements to investigate the properties of hot and dense matter created in relativistic heavy-ion collisions. Contrary to calculations in a grand canonical ensemble we explicitly take into account exact electric and baryon charge conservation on an event-by-event basis. This drastically limits the width of baryon fluctuations. A simple model to account for this is to assume a grand-canonical distribution with a sharp cut-off at the tails. We present baseline predictions of the energy dependence of the net-baryon, net-proton and net-charge kurtosis for central ($b\\leq 2.75$ fm) Pb+Pb/Au+Au collisions from $E_{lab}=2A$ GeV to $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}=200$ GeV from the UrQMD model. While the net-charge kurtosis is compatible with values around zero, the net-baryon number decreases to large negative values with decreasing beam energy. The net-proton kurtosis becomes only slightly negative for low $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}$.

  14. Determination of Longitudinal Dispersion Coefficient and Net

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ho, David

    with a Large-Scale, High Resolution SF6 Tracer Release Experiment D A V I D T . H O , * , P E T E R S C H L O into rivers. In the following, we report results from a large-scale SF6 tracer release experiment conducted in the tidal Hudson River to examine longitudinal dispersion and net advection. SF6 was injected

  15. ARM - Measurement - Net broadband total irradiance

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadap Documentation TDMADAP : XDCnarrowband upwelling irradiance ARM DatagovMeasurementsNet

  16. Next Update: October 2010 Net Internal

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office ofthrough 1996) inThousandWithdrawals (MillionNine Mile Pointper0 0 Net

  17. Method for net-shaping using aerogels

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Brinker, C. Jeffrey (Albuquerque, NM); Ashey, Carol S. (Albuquerque, NM); Reed, Scott T. (Albuquerque, NM); Sriram, Chunangad S. (Indianapolis, IN); Harris, Thomas M. (Tulsa, OK)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of net-shaping using aerogel materials is provided by first forming a sol, aging the sol to form a gel, with the gel having a fluid component and having been formed into a medium selected from the group consisting of a powder, bulk material, or granular aerobeads, derivatizing the surface of the gel to render the surface unreactive toward further condensation, removing a portion of the fluid component of the final shaped gel to form a partially dried medium, placing the medium into a cavity, wherein the volume of said medium is less that the volume of the cavity, and removing a portion of the fluid component of the medium. The removal, such as by heating at a temperature of approximately less than 50.degree. C., applying a vacuum, or both, causes the volume of the medium to increase and to form a solid aerogel. The material can be easily removed by exposing the material to a solvent, thereby reducing the volume of the material. In another embodiment, the gel is derivatized and then formed into a shaped medium, where subsequent drying reduces the volume of the shaped medium, forming a net-shaping material. Upon further drying, the material increases in volume to fill a cavity. The present invention is both a method of net-shaping and the material produced by the method.

  18. 1.14 Note: Actual time to complete varies by discipline and departmental requirements. Dissertation Timeline

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papalambros, Panos

    1.14 Note: Actual time to complete varies by discipline and departmental requirements. Dissertation Timeline STUDENT SERVICES: ACADEMIC RECORDS & DISSERTATIONS 915 E. Washington Street · 0120 Rackham://wolverineaccess.umich.edu/ 6 months prior to Group Pre-Defense Review Rackham Format Guidelines http://www.rackham.umich.edu/downloads/oard-dissertation

  19. problem that seller prosumers actually supply insufficient energy Simulation results have shown that this strategy significantly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, K. J. Ray

    problem that seller prosumers actually supply insufficient energy Simulation results have shown user cooperation [18], [19]. Among them, a seller prosumer in a trade is likely to have insufficient sufficient energy to the buyer as it has owners, the autonomous prosumers are assumed to be selfish levels

  20. Enrolment Report 2005-06: Actual and Projected Enrolments A. Preamble

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Enrolment Report 2005-06: Actual and Projected Enrolments A. Preamble In previous years, current the planning and funding of enrolment growth during that period can be found in Appendix A. C. 2005-06-time. In terms of full-time equivalents, the 2005-06 level of 60,973 FTEs represents an 82% increase in enrolment

  1. Estimating actual evapotranspiration for a coupled human environment system: sensitivity to drought

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Sharon J.

    2: CAP-LTER study area as seen by Landsat Figure 5: The S-ReSET model flow chart. 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 0 cycle and energy transport between the biosphere, atmosphere and hydrosphere. Quantifying actual ET (ETa Remote sensing can estimate ET as a residual of the energy balance: Friction Velocity Roughness Length

  2. Evolution as Context-driven Actualization of Potential1 Liane Gabora

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aerts, Diederik

    Evolution as Context-driven Actualization of Potential1 Liane Gabora Center Leo Apostel natural selection is often viewed as synonymous with evolution, it is widely felt to be inadequate as a theory of biological evolution; moreover, historically the concept of evolution has not been limited

  3. 1. Utilize recent historical cost data, estimating manuals, and actual vendor quotes as situation allows.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    1. Utilize recent historical cost data, estimating manuals, and actual vendor quotes as situation Engineering Services to respond and complete customer facility projects. Return 90% of all Opinion of Probable Engineering Services to respond and complete customer facility projects. Develop accurate priority list

  4. A Causal Net Approach to Relativistic Quantum Mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. D. Bateson

    2012-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we discuss a causal network approach to describing relativistic quantum mechanics. Each vertex on the causal net represents a possible point event or particle observation. By constructing the simplest causal net based on Reichenbach-like conjunctive forks in proper time we can exactly derive the 1+1 dimension Dirac equation for a relativistic fermion and correctly model quantum mechanical statistics. Symmetries of the net provide various quantum mechanical effects such as quantum uncertainty and wavefunction, phase, spin, negative energy states and the effect of a potential. The causal net can be embedded in 3+1 dimensions and is consistent with the conventional Dirac equation. In the low velocity limit the causal net approximates to the Schrodinger equation and Pauli equation for an electromagnetic field. Extending to different momentum states the net is compatible with the Feynman path integral approach to quantum mechanics that allows calculation of well known quantum phenomena such as diffraction.

  5. Net Zero Energy Military Installations: A Guide to Assessment...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Net Zero Energy Military Installations: A Guide to Assessment and Planning Samuel Booth, John Barnett, Kari Burman, Josh Hambrick and Robert Westby Technical Report NREL...

  6. Lessons Learned from Net Zero Energy Assessments and Renewable...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Lessons Learned from Net Zero Energy Assessments and Renewable Energy Projects at Military Installations Michael Callahan, Kate Anderson, Sam Booth, Jessica Katz, and Tim Tetreault...

  7. Hydro-Québec Net Metering (Quebec, Canada) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Canada) Policy Type Net Metering Affected Technologies Geothermal Electric, Solar Photovoltaics Active Policy Yes Implementing Sector Utility Funding Source Hydro-Quebec Primary...

  8. The Intersection of Net Metering and Retail Choice: An Overview...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    and utilities provide net metering options for their customers. They then provided case studies to illustrate the models. Date December 2010 Topic Financing, Incentives &...

  9. Deep Energy Efficiency and Getting to Net Zero

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation covers energy efficiency and getting to net zero and is given at the Spring 2011 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting.

  10. Scotia Energy Electricity- Net Metering Program (Nova Scotia, Canada)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Nova Scotia Power Inc. Net Metering allows residential and commercial customers to connect small, renewable energy generating units to the provincial power grid.

  11. Designing Hawaiis First LEED Platinum Net Zero Community: ...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Kaupuni Village Department of Hawaiian Home Lands Designing Hawaii's first LEED Platinum Net Zero Community GUIDING PRINCIPALS *Pihapono *Hoa ina *Mlama ina Enable Native...

  12. Net bundles over posets and K-theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. E. Roberts; G. Ruzzi; E. Vasselli

    2012-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We continue studying net bundles over partially ordered sets (posets), defined as the analogues of ordinary fibre bundles. To this end, we analyze the connection between homotopy, net homology and net cohomology of a poset, giving versions of classical Hurewicz theorems. Focusing our attention on Hilbert net bundles, we define the K-theory of a poset and introduce functions over the homotopy groupoid satisfying the same formal properties as Chern classes. As when the given poset is a base for the topology of a space, our results apply to the category of locally constant bundles.

  13. Net Requirements Transparency Process for Slice/Block Customers

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    4, 2012 Net Requirements Transparency Process for SliceBlock Customers Description of Changes and a Response to Comments September 24, 2012 Background and Description of Changes:...

  14. Maritime Electric- Net Metering (Prince Edward Island, Canada)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In December 2005 The Renewable Energy Act and associated Regulations came into effect. A Government policy objective incorporated in the Act was the introduction of net metering for...

  15. Exact entanglement renormalization for string-net models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robert Koenig; Ben W. Reichardt; Guifre Vidal

    2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We construct an explicit renormalization group (RG) transformation for Levin and Wen's string-net models on a hexagonal lattice. The transformation leaves invariant the ground-state "fixed-point" wave function of the string-net condensed phase. Our construction also produces an exact representation of the wave function in terms of the multi-scale entanglement renormalization ansatz (MERA). This sets the stage for efficient numerical simulations of string-net models using MERA algorithms. It also provides an explicit quantum circuit to prepare the string-net ground-state wave function using a quantum computer.

  16. Zero Net Energy Myths and Modes of Thought

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajkovich, Nicholas B.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2009). "Net-Zero Energy Commercial Buildings Initiative."Goetzler, W. (2008). Zero Energy Homes: Implications forcommercial buildings, see the Zero Energy Buildings Database

  17. artificial neural nets: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Adaptive Engineering Websites Summary: Neural Nets for Adaptive Filtering and Adaptive Pattern Recognition Bernard Widrow, Stanford elements, on the other hand, arethe building...

  18. A Method for Correcting Catches of Fish Larvae For the Size Selection of Plankton Nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    corrected by determining the ratio between a stan- dard net and a test net with either zero extrusion or. . zero avoidance. However, when avoidance of the test net with zero extrusion or when extrusion through test net with zero avoidance differs from the stan- dard net, then the usual method of correcting

  19. Transactions and Zero-Safe Nets Roberto Bruni and Ugo Montanari

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruni, Roberto

    Transactions and Zero-Safe Nets Roberto Bruni and Ugo Montanari Dipartimento di Informatica present an approach to the modeling of transactions based on zero-safe nets. They extend ordinary PT nets be uniformly adapted to zero-safe nets. In particular, we show that each zero-safe net has two associated PT

  20. Process Semantics of General Inhibitor Nets1 H. C. M. Kleijn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newcastle upon Tyne, University of

    Process Semantics of General Inhibitor Nets1 H. C. M. Kleijn LIACS, Leiden University P.O.Box 9512 a causality semantics of Place/Transition nets with weighted inhibitor arcs (PTI-nets). We extend the standard approach to defining the partial order semantics of Place/Transition nets (PT-nets) based on the process

  1. Non-Abelian String-Net Ladders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. D. Schulz; S. Dusuel; J. Vidal

    2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the string-net model with a string tension for non-Abelian particles in the ladder geometry. Focusing on the simplest non-Abelian theory with a total quantum dimension larger than two, we find evidence for a "russian doll" spectrum featuring size-independent energy levels. Contrary to Fibonacci and Ising ladders, the spectrum is found to be gapped at the self-dual points and low-energy excitations in the ground-state sector consist in two-quasiparticle bound states that are discussed in the weak-tension limit. We argue that such properties are prototypical of theories containing more than one non-Abelian particle.

  2. Wire-Net | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTown ofNationwideWTEDBird,Wilsonville,Winneconne,WinslowWinthrop,Wire-Net Jump to:

  3. net_energy_load_2006.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year199873.4 66.1 56.2 50.4415 6833 (ThousandMean1. Net Energy

  4. net_energy_load_2010.xls

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year199873.4 66.1 56.2 50.4415 6833 (ThousandMean1. Net

  5. Working and Net Available Shell Storage Capacity

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade Energy I I'26,282.1chemical compounds composed of113) MonthlyP FNetNet

  6. Millenial Net Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant JumpMarysville, Ohio:Menomonee|Mililani Town, Hawaii:Mille Lacs County,Millenial Net

  7. Motivation Elastic Net Computation Elastic-Net and algorithms for computing the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Recht, Ben

    Solution Lemma Given data set (y, X) and (1, 2), define an artificial data set (y, X) by X (n+p)Ã?p = (1 + 2 compute the elastic-net estimator ^(enet), and then we construct the adaptive weights by ^wj = (|^j

  8. Community Net Energy Metering: How Novel Policies Expand Benefits of Net Metering to Non-Generators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rose, James; Varnado, Laurel

    2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As interest in community solutions to renewable energy grows, more states are beginning to develop policies that encourage properties with more than one meter to install shared renewable energy systems. State net metering policies are evolving to allow the aggregation of multiple meters on a customer���¢��������s property and to dissolve conventional geographical boundaries. This trend means net metering is expanding out of its traditional function as an enabling incentive to offset onsite customer load at a single facility. This paper analyzes community net energy metering (CNEM) as an emerging vehicle by which farmers, neighborhoods, and municipalities may more easily finance and reap the benefits of renewable energy. Specifically, it aims to compare and contrast the definition of geographical boundaries among different CNEM models and examine the benefits and limitations of each approach. As state policies begin to stretch the geographic boundaries of net metering, they allow inventive solutions to encourage renewable energy investment. This paper attempts to initiate the conversation on this emerging policy mechanism and offers recommendations for further development of these policies.

  9. Actual and Estimated Energy Savings Comparison for Deep Energy Retrofits in the Pacific Northwest

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blanchard, Jeremy; Widder, Sarah H.; Giever, Elisabeth L.; Baechler, Michael C.

    2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Seven homes from the Pacific Northwest were selected to evaluate the differences between estimated and actual energy savings achieved from deep energy retrofits. The energy savings resulting from these retrofits were estimated, using energy modeling software, to save at least 30% on a whole-house basis. The modeled pre-retrofit energy use was trued against monthly utility bills. After the retrofits were completed, each of the homes was extensively monitored, with the exception of one home which was monitored pre-retrofit. This work is being conducted by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for the U.S. Department of Energy Building Technologies Program as part of the Building America Program. This work found many discrepancies between actual and estimated energy savings and identified the potential causes for the discrepancies. The differences between actual energy use and modeled energy use also suggest improvements to improve model accuracy. The difference between monthly whole-house actual and estimated energy savings ranged from 75% more energy saved than predicted by the model to 16% less energy saved for all the monitored homes. Similarly, the annual energy savings difference was between 36% and -14%, which was estimated based on existing monitored savings because an entire year of data is not available. Thus, on average, for all six monitored homes the actual energy use is consistently less than estimates, indicating home owners are saving more energy than estimated. The average estimated savings for the eight month monitoring period is 43%, compared to an estimated savings average of 31%. Though this average difference is only 12%, the range of inaccuracies found for specific end-uses is far greater and are the values used to directly estimate energy savings from specific retrofits. Specifically, the monthly post-retrofit energy use differences for specific end-uses (i.e., heating, cooling, hot water, appliances, etc.) ranged from 131% under-predicted to 77% over-predicted by the model with respect to monitored energy use. Many of the discrepancies were associated with occupant behavior which influences energy use, dramatically in some cases, actual versus modeled weather differences, modeling input limitations, and complex homes that are difficult to model. The discrepancy between actual and estimated energy use indicates a need for better modeling tools and assumptions. Despite the best efforts of researchers, the estimated energy savings are too inaccurate to determine reliable paybacks for retrofit projects. While the monitored data allows researchers to understand why these differences exist, it is not cost effective to monitor each home with the level of detail presented here. Therefore an appropriate balance between modeling and monitoring must be determined for more widespread application in retrofit programs and the home performance industry. Recommendations to address these deficiencies include: (1) improved tuning process for pre-retrofit energy use, which currently utilized broad-based monthly utility bills; (2) developing simple occupant-based energy models that better address the many different occupant types and their impact on energy use; (3) incorporating actual weather inputs to increase accuracy of the tuning process, which uses utility bills from specific time period; and (4) developing simple, cost-effective monitoring solutions for improved model tuning.

  10. Dose Rate Analysis Capability for Actual Spent Fuel Transportation Cask Contents

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Radulescu, Georgeta [ORNL] [ORNL; Lefebvre, Robert A [ORNL] [ORNL; Peplow, Douglas E. [ORNL] [ORNL; Williams, Mark L [ORNL] [ORNL; Scaglione, John M [ORNL] [ORNL

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The approved contents for a U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) licensed spent nuclear fuel casks are typically based on bounding used nuclear fuel (UNF) characteristics. However, the contents of the UNF canisters currently in storage at independent spent fuel storage installations are considerably heterogeneous in terms of fuel assembly burnup, initial enrichment, decay time, cladding integrity, etc. Used Nuclear Fuel Storage, Transportation & Disposal Analysis Resource and Data System (UNF ST&DARDS) is an integrated data and analysis system that facilitates automated cask-specific safety analyses based on actual characteristics of the as-loaded UNF. The UNF-ST&DARDS analysis capabilities have been recently expanded to include dose rate analysis of as-loaded transportation packages. Realistic dose rate values based on actual canister contents may be used in place of bounding dose rate values to support development of repackaging operations procedures, evaluation of radiation-related transportation risks, and communication with stakeholders. This paper describes the UNF-ST&DARDS dose rate analysis methodology based on actual UNF canister contents and presents sample dose rate calculation results.

  11. Characterization, Leaching, and Filtration Testing for Tributyl Phosphate (TBP, Group 7) Actual Waste Sample Composites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Edwards, Matthew K.; Billing, Justin M.; Blanchard, David L.; Buck, Edgar C.; Casella, Amanda J.; Casella, Andrew M.; Crum, J. V.; Daniel, Richard C.; Draper, Kathryn E.; Fiskum, Sandra K.; Jagoda, Lynette K.; Jenson, Evan D.; Kozelisky, Anne E.; MacFarlan, Paul J.; Peterson, Reid A.; Shimskey, Rick W.; Snow, Lanee A.; Swoboda, Robert G.

    2009-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

    .A testing program evaluating actual tank waste was developed in response to Task 4 from the M-12 External Flowsheet Review Team (EFRT) issue response plan. The bulk water-insoluble solid wastes that are anticipated to be delivered to the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) were identified according to type such that the actual waste testing could be targeted to the relevant categories. Eight broad waste groupings were defined. Samples available from the 222S archive were identified and obtained for testing. The actual waste-testing program included homogenizing the samples by group, characterizing the solids and aqueous phases, and performing parametric leaching tests. The tributyl phosphate sludge (TBP, Group 7) is the subject of this report. The Group 7 waste was anticipated to be high in phosphorus as well as aluminum in the form of gibbsite. Both are believed to exist in sufficient quantities in the Group 7 waste to address leaching behavior. Thus, the focus of the Group 7 testing was on the removal of both P and Al. The waste-type definition, archived sample conditions, homogenization activities, characterization (physical, chemical, radioisotope, and crystal habit), and caustic leaching behavior as functions of time, temperature, and hydroxide concentration are discussed in this report. Testing was conducted according to TP-RPP-WTP-467.

  12. http://agbioresearch.msu.edu/centers/nwmihort/nwmihort_northern_michigan_fruit_net http://agbioresearch.msu.edu/centers/nwmihort/nwmihort_northern_michigan_fruit_net

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 http://agbioresearch.msu.edu/centers/nwmihort/nwmihort_northern_michigan_fruit_net #12;2 http://agbioresearch.msu.edu/centers/nwmihort/nwmihort_northern_michigan_fruit_net #12;3 http://agbioresearch.msu.edu/centers/nwmihort/nwmihort_northern_michigan_fruit_net #12;4 http://agbioresearch.msu.edu/centers/nwmihort/nwmihort_northern_michigan_fruit_net #12;5 http

  13. Fact #736: July 16, 2012 Total Petroleum Imports and Net Petroleum...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    the 1970s the difference between total and net imports was minor. However, as the U.S. exports more petroleum, the gap between total imports and net imports grows. In 2011, net...

  14. Ethnically diverse patients' perceptions of clinician computer use in a safety-net clinic.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ratanawongsa, Neda; Barton, Jennifer L; Schillinger, Dean; Yelin, Edward H; Hettema, Jennifer E; Lum, Paula J

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    computer use in a safety-net clinic Neda Ratanawongsa, MD,populations. Safety-net clinics adopting EHRs should measureUse  in  a  Safety-­?net  Clinic.  J  Health  Care  Poor  

  15. Optimal Technology Investment and Operation in Zero-Net-Energy Buildings with Demand Response

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadler, Michael

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Operation in Zero-Net- Energy Buildings with Demand ResponseOperation in Zero-Net-Energy Buildings with Demand Responsemicrogrid, storage, zero- net energy buildings, zero-carbon

  16. Targeting Net Zero Energy for Military Installations (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burman, K.

    2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Targeting Net Zero Energy for Military Installations in Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii. A net zero energy installation (NZEI) is one that produces as much energy from on-site renewable sources as it consumes. NZEI assessment provides a systematic approach to energy projects.

  17. Is Net Ecosystem Production Equal to Ecosystem Carbon Accumulation?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pace, Michael L.

    COMMENTARY Is Net Ecosystem Production Equal to Ecosystem Carbon Accumulation? Gary M. Lovett,* Jonathan J. Cole, and Michael L. Pace Institute of Ecosystem Studies, Millbrook, New York 12545, USA ABSTRACT Net ecosystem production (NEP), defined as the difference between gross primary production

  18. Predicting Daily Net Radiation Using Minimum Climatological Data1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Predicting Daily Net Radiation Using Minimum Climatological Data1 S. Irmak, M.ASCE2 ; A. Irmak3 ; J Abstract: Net radiation (Rn) is a key variable for computing reference evapotranspiration and is a driving for predicting daily Rn have been widely used. However, when the paucity of detailed climatological data

  19. Net Balanced Floorplanning Based on Elastic Energy Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nannarelli, Alberto

    Net Balanced Floorplanning Based on Elastic Energy Model Wei Liu and Alberto Nannarelli Dept variations can introduce extra signal skew, it is desirable to have floorplans with balanced net delays based on the elastic energy model. The B*-tree, which is based on an ordered binary tree, is used

  20. Artificial Neural Nets and Cylinder Pressures in Diesel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharkey, Amanda

    Artificial Neural Nets and Cylinder Pressures in Diesel Engine Fault Diagnosis * Gopi O diagnosis system for a diesel engine, which uses artificial neural nets to identify faults on the basis cylinder Ruston AP 230, medium speed Diesel engine was simulated. When tested on new data previously unseen

  1. Net Environmental Benefit Analysis: A New Assessment Methodology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Net Environmental Benefit Analysis: A New Assessment Methodology R. A. Efroymson, efroymsonra.S. Department of Energy Dec-05 Net Environmental Benefit Analysis: A New Assessment Methodology R. A. Efroymson environmental assessment methodologies such as risk assessment, by explicitly considering benefits (not just

  2. artificial neural net: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    neural net First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 On Combining Artificial Neural Nets CiteSeer...

  3. Net energy ratio of photobiohydrogen generation G. Burgessa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Net energy ratio of photobiohydrogen generation G. Burgessa and J.G. Fernández the energy content, the operational energy inputs, and the net energy ratio (NER) of an industrial tubular photobioreactor used for the photosynthetic production of H2 by microalgae. The calculated H2 output

  4. Changing Communication Environments in MosquitoNet Mary G. Baker

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Mary G.

    Changing Communication Environments in MosquitoNet Mary G. Baker Computer Science and Electrical is funded in part by the Center for Telecom- munications at Stanford University, the Reid and Polly Anderson- mary goal of MosquitoNet, a new project at Stanford Uni- versity for investigating operating system

  5. Quantum computational tensor network on string-net condensate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomoyuki Morimae

    2011-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The string-net condensate is a new class of materials which exhibits the quantum topological order. In order to answer the important question, "how useful is the string-net condensate in quantum information processing?", we consider the most basic example of the string-net condensate, namely the $Z_2$ gauge string-net condensate on the two-dimensional hexagonal lattice, and show that the universal measurement-based quantum computation (in the sense of the quantum computational webs) is possible on it by using the framework of the quantum computational tensor network. This result implies that even the most basic example of the string-net condensate is equipped with the correlation space that has the capacity for the universal quantum computation.

  6. NetSeed User Manual NetSeed is a toolkit for identifying the seed set of networks, available as an online tool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borenstein, Elhanan

    of Washington and is available online at http://elbo.gs.washington.edu/tools/NetSeed/. NetSeed>Web NetSeed>Web allows researchers to calculate the seed set of a network online and requires only a web browser. The NetSeed>Web and functional analysis options. Overview of use To determine the seed set of a network using NetSeed>Web

  7. Targeting Net Zero Energy at Marine Corps Base Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Targeting Net Zero Energy at Marine Corps Base Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii: Assessment and Recommendations Targeting Net Zero Energy at Marine Corps Base Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii: Assessment...

  8. Predictions for net-proton and net-kaon distributions at LHC energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yacine Mehtar-Tani; Georg Wolschin

    2010-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate baryon and charge transport in relativistic heavy-ion collisions, compare with Au + Au RHIC data at sqrt(s_NN)=0.2 TeV, and make predictions for net-proton rapidity distributions in central Pb + Pb collisions at CERN LHC energies of sqrt(s_NN)=2.8, 3.9, and 5.5 TeV. We use the gluon saturation model and put special emphasis on the midrapidity valley |y|Net-kaon distributions are calculated and compared to BRAHMS Au + Au data at RHIC energies of sqrt(s_NN)= 0.2 TeV, and predicted for Pb + Pb at 5.5 TeV.

  9. TESTING OF THE SPINTEK ROTARY MICROFILTER USING ACTUAL HANFORD WASTE SAMPLES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    HUBER HJ

    2010-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The SpinTek rotary microfilter was tested on actual Hanford tank waste. The samples were a composite of archived Tank 241-AN-105 material and a sample representing single-shell tanks (SST). Simulants of the two samples have been used in non-rad test runs at the 222-S laboratory and at Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL). The results of these studies are compared in this report. Two different nominal pore sizes for the sintered steel rotating disk filter were chosen: 0.5 and 0.1 {micro}m. The results suggest that the 0.5-{micro}m disk is preferable for Hanford tank waste for the following reasons: (1) The filtrate clarity is within the same range (<<4 ntu for both disks); (2) The filtrate flux is in general higher for the 0.5-{micro}m disk; and (3) The 0.1-{micro}m disk showed a higher likelihood of fouling. The filtrate flux of the actual tank samples is generally in the range of 20-30% compared to the equivalent non-rad tests. The AN-105 slurries performed at about twice the filtrate flux of the SST slurries. The reason for this difference has not been identified. Particle size distributions in both cases are very similar; comparison of the chemical composition is not conclusive. The sole hint towards what material was stuck in the filter pore holes came from the analysis of the dried flakes from the surface of the fouled 0.1-{micro}m disk. A cleaning approach developed by SRNL personnel to deal with fouled disks has been found adaptable when using actual Hanford samples. The use of 1 M nitric acid improved the filtrate flux by approximately two times; using the same simulants as in the non-rad test runs showed that the filtrate flux was restored to 1/2 of its original amount.

  10. Actinide partitioning from actual ICPP dissolved zirconium calcine using the TRUEX solvent

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brewer, K.N.; Herbst, R.S.; Tranter, T.J. [and others

    1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The TRansUranic EXtraction process (TRUEX), as developed by E.P. Horwitz and coworkers at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), is being evaluated as a TRU extraction process for Idaho Chemical Processing Plant (ICPP) wastes. A criteria that must be met during this evaluation, is that the aqueous raffinate must be below the 10 nCi/g limit specified in 10 CFR 61.55. A test was performed where the TRUEX solvent (0.2 M octyl(phenyl)-N-N-diisobutyl-carbamoylmethyl-phosphine oxide (CMPO), and 1.4 M tributylphosphate (TBP) in an Isopar-L diluent) was contacted with actual ICPP dissolved zirconium calcine. Two experimental flowsheets were used to determine TRU decontamination factors, and TRU, Zr, Fe, Cr, and Tc extraction, scrub, and strip distribution coefficients. Results from these two flowsheets show that >99.99% of the TRU alpha activity was removed from the acidic feed after three contacts with the TRUEX solvent (fresh solvent being used for each contact). The resulting aqueous raffinate solution contained an approximate TRU alpha activity of 0.02 nCi/g, which is well below the non-TRU waste limit of 10 nCi/g specified in 10 CFR 61.55. Favorable scrub and strip distribution coefficients were also observed for Am-241, Pu-238, and Pu-239, indicating the feasibility of recovering these isotopes from the TRUTEX solvent. A solution of 0.04 M 1-hydroxyethane-1,1-diphosphonic acid (HEDPA) in 0.04 M HNO{sub 3} was used to successfully strip the TRUs from the TRUEX solvent. The results of the test using actual ICPP dissolved zirconium calcine, and subsequent GTM evaluation, show the feasibility of removing TRUs from the dissolved zirconium calcine with the TRUEX solvent and the deleterious effects zirconium poses with the ICPP zirconium calcine waste. Test results using actual ICPP zirconium calcine reveal the necessity of preventing zirconium from following the TRUs.

  11. ACTUAL WASTE TESTING OF GYCOLATE IMPACTS ON THE SRS TANK FARM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martino, C.

    2014-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Glycolic acid is being studied as a replacement for formic acid in the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) feed preparation process. After implementation, the recycle stream from DWPF back to the high-level waste Tank Farm will contain soluble sodium glycolate. Most of the potential impacts of glycolate in the Tank Farm were addressed via a literature review and simulant testing, but several outstanding issues remained. This report documents the actual-waste tests to determine the impacts of glycolate on storage and evaporation of Savannah River Site high-level waste. The objectives of this study are to address the following: ? Determine the extent to which sludge constituents (Pu, U, Fe, etc.) dissolve (the solubility of sludge constituents) in the glycolate-containing 2H-evaporator feed. ? Determine the impact of glycolate on the sorption of fissile (Pu, U, etc.) components onto sodium aluminosilicate solids. The first objective was accomplished through actual-waste testing using Tank 43H and 38H supernatant and Tank 51H sludge at Tank Farm storage conditions. The second objective was accomplished by contacting actual 2H-evaporator scale with the products from the testing for the first objective. There is no anticipated impact of up to 10 g/L of glycolate in DWPF recycle to the Tank Farm on tank waste component solubilities as investigated in this test. Most components were not influenced by glycolate during solubility tests, including major components such as aluminum, sodium, and most salt anions. There was potentially a slight increase in soluble iron with added glycolate, but the soluble iron concentration remained so low (on the order of 10 mg/L) as to not impact the iron to fissile ratio in sludge. Uranium and plutonium appear to have been supersaturated in 2H-evaporator feed solution mixture used for this testing. As a result, there was a reduction of soluble uranium and plutonium as a function of time. The change in soluble uranium concentration was independent of added glycolate concentration. The change in soluble plutonium content was dependent on the added glycolate concentration, with higher levels of glycolate (5 g/L and 10 g/L) appearing to suppress the plutonium solubility. The inclusion of glycolate did not change the dissolution of or sorption onto actual-waste 2H-evaporator pot scale to an extent that will impact Tank Farm storage and concentration. The effects that were noted involved dissolution of components from evaporator scale and precipitation of components onto evaporator scale that were independent of the level of added glycolate.

  12. Method and apparatus for distinguishing actual sparse events from sparse event false alarms

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Spalding, Richard E. (Albuquerque, NM); Grotbeck, Carter L. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Remote sensing method and apparatus wherein sparse optical events are distinguished from false events. "Ghost" images of actual optical phenomena are generated using an optical beam splitter and optics configured to direct split beams to a single sensor or segmented sensor. True optical signals are distinguished from false signals or noise based on whether the ghost image is presence or absent. The invention obviates the need for dual sensor systems to effect a false target detection capability, thus significantly reducing system complexity and cost.

  13. File:Theoretical vs Actual Data Lesson Plan .pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489 NoEuropeStrat.pdf Jump to:student-HS.pdfTheoretical vs Actual

  14. Filtration and Leach Testing for REDOX Sludge and S-Saltcake Actual Waste Sample Composites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shimskey, Rick W.; Billing, Justin M.; Buck, Edgar C.; Daniel, Richard C.; Draper, Kathryn E.; Edwards, Matthew K.; Geeting, John GH; Hallen, Richard T.; Jenson, Evan D.; Kozelisky, Anne E.; MacFarlan, Paul J.; Peterson, Reid A.; Snow, Lanee A.; Swoboda, Robert G.

    2009-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

    A testing program evaluating actual tank waste was developed in response to Task 4 from the M-12 External Flowsheet Review Team (EFRT) issue response plan.( ) The test program was subdivided into logical increments. The bulk water-insoluble solid wastes that are anticipated to be delivered to the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) were identified according to type such that the actual waste testing could be targeted to the relevant categories. Under test plan TP-RPP-WTP-467, eight broad waste groupings were defined. Samples available from the 222S archive were identified and obtained for testing. Under this test plan, a waste-testing program was implemented that included: • Homogenizing the archive samples by group as defined in the test plan • Characterizing the homogenized sample groups • Performing parametric leaching testing on each group for compounds of interest • Performing bench-top filtration/leaching tests in the hot cell for each group to simulate filtration and leaching activities if they occurred in the UFP2 vessel of the WTP Pretreatment Facility. This report focuses on filtration/leaching tests performed on two of the eight waste composite samples and follow-on parametric tests to support aluminum leaching results from those tests.

  15. PERFORMANCE TESTING OF THE NEXT-GENERATION CSSX SOLVENT WITH ACTUAL SRS TANK WASTE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pierce, R.; Peters, T.; Crowder, M.; Fink, S.

    2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Efforts are underway to qualify the Next-Generation Solvent for the Caustic Side Solvent Extraction (CSSX) process. Researchers at multiple national laboratories have been involved in this effort. As part of the effort to qualify the solvent extraction system at the Savannah River Site (SRS), SRNL performed a number of tests at various scales. First, SRNL completed a series of batch equilibrium, or Extraction-Scrub-Strip (ESS), tests. These tests used {approx}30 mL of Next-Generation Solvent and either actual SRS tank waste, or waste simulant solutions. The results from these cesium mass transfer tests were used to predict solvent behavior under a number of conditions. At a larger scale, SRNL assembled 12 stages of 2-cm (diameter) centrifugal contactors. This rack of contactors is structurally similar to one tested in 2001 during the demonstration of the baseline CSSX process. Assembly and mechanical testing found no issues. SRNL performed a nonradiological test using 35 L of cesium-spiked caustic waste simulant and 39 L of actual tank waste. Test results are discussed; particularly those related to the effectiveness of extraction.

  16. Laboratory Demonstration of the Pretreatment Process with Caustic and Oxidative Leaching Using Actual Hanford Tank Waste

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fiskum, Sandra K.; Billing, Justin M.; Buck, Edgar C.; Daniel, Richard C.; Draper, Kathryn E.; Edwards, Matthew K.; Jenson, Evan D.; Kozelisky, Anne E.; MacFarlan, Paul J.; Peterson, Reid A.; Shimskey, Rick W.; Snow, Lanee A.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes the bench-scale pretreatment processing of actual tank waste materials through the entire baseline WTP pretreatment flowsheet in an effort to demonstrate the efficacy of the defined leaching processes on actual Hanford tank waste sludge and the potential impacts on downstream pretreatment processing. The test material was a combination of reduction oxidation (REDOX) tank waste composited materials containing aluminum primarily in the form of boehmite and dissolved S saltcake containing Cr(III)-rich entrained solids. The pretreatment processing steps tested included • caustic leaching for Al removal • solids crossflow filtration through the cell unit filter (CUF) • stepwise solids washing using decreasing concentrations of sodium hydroxide with filtration through the CUF • oxidative leaching using sodium permanganate for removing Cr • solids filtration with the CUF • follow-on solids washing and filtration through the CUF • ion exchange processing for Cs removal • evaporation processing of waste stream recycle for volume reduction • combination of the evaporated product with dissolved saltcake. The effectiveness of each process step was evaluated by following the mass balance of key components (such as Al, B, Cd, Cr, Pu, Ni, Mn, and Fe), demonstrating component (Al, Cr, Cs) removal, demonstrating filterability by evaluating filter flux rates under various processing conditions (transmembrane pressure, crossflow velocities, wt% undissolved solids, and PSD) and filter fouling, and identifying potential issues for WTP. The filterability was reported separately (Shimskey et al. 2008) and is not repeated herein.

  17. Extending the Zero-Safe approach to Coloured, Recon gurable and Dynamic Nets ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruni, Roberto

    Extending the Zero-Safe approach to Coloured, Recon#12;gurable and Dynamic Nets ? Roberto Bruni their execution). Starting from zero-safe nets | a well-studied extension of Place/Transition Petri nets | we show how the zero-safe approach can be smoothly applied to a hierarchy of nets of increasing

  18. SOLAR ICE CREAM: ACHIEVING NET-ZERO THROUGH AN INTEGRATED RETROFIT Sara Tepfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SOLAR ICE CREAM: ACHIEVING NET-ZERO THROUGH AN INTEGRATED RETROFIT APPROACH Sara Tepfer-3). One such strategy is Net-zero energy design (NetZED), which can be applied to new construction and to develop a net-zero retrofit for this establishment which integrates onsite renewable energy sources

  19. Exploiting Covariate Similarity in Sparse Regression via the Pairwise Elastic Net

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Low, Steven H.

    . Furthermore, un- like the Lasso, the Elastic Net can yield a sparse esti- mate with more than n non-zero477 Exploiting Covariate Similarity in Sparse Regression via the Pairwise Elastic Net Alexander to regression regulariza- tion called the Pairwise Elastic Net is pro- posed. Like the Elastic Net, it simultane

  20. Executing Transactions in Zero-Safe Nets ? Roberto Bruni and Ugo Montanari

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruni, Roberto

    Executing Transactions in Zero-Safe Nets ? Roberto Bruni and Ugo Montanari Dipartimento di in distributed systems by using zero-safe nets, which extend pt nets with a simple mechanism for transition synchronization. In particular, starting from the zero-safe net that represents a certain system, we give

  1. Exploiting Covariate Similarity in Sparse Regression via the Pairwise Elastic Net

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blei, David M.

    , the Elastic Net can yield a sparse esti- mate with more than n non-zero weights (Efron et al., 2004). One canExploiting Covariate Similarity in Sparse Regression via the Pairwise Elastic Net Alexander Lorbert- tion called the Pairwise Elastic Net is pro- posed. Like the Elastic Net, it simultane- ously performs

  2. Workflow Concerns and Workarounds of Readers in an Urban Safety Net Teleretinal Screening Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fish, Allison E

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    expanding uninsured and underinsured patient population, the United States relies on the health care safety net,

  3. Petri Nets and the Real World Ekkart Kindler and Frank Nillies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kindler, Ekkart

    . This allows us to control the plant directly by a Petri net (respectively by PNSim simulating the Petri net the simulation of tokens of the Petri net with these objects in the virtual 3D-world. In this paper, we take of the real world. This way, a Petri net can be used as a controller of some plant. In principle, this idea

  4. Modeling Physical Quantities in Industrial Systems using Fluid Stochastic Petri Nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gribaudo, Marco

    of a case study, in which the quantity to be regulated is a real fluid quantity: the fuel demand in a gas: Start Fuel Controller 2 Fluid Stochastic Petri Nets Fluid Stochastic Petri Nets are Petri net basedModeling Physical Quantities in Industrial Systems using Fluid Stochastic Petri Nets M. Gribaudo

  5. CONTRIBUTION OF THE NET PLANKTON AND NANNOPLANKTON TO THE STANDING STOCKS AND PRIMARY PRODUCTIVITY IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CONTRIBUTION OF THE NET PLANKTON AND NANNOPLANKTON TO THE STANDING STOCKS AND PRIMARY PRODUCTIVITY IN MONTEREY BAY, CALIFORNIA DURING THE UPWELLING SEASON DAVID L. GARRISON' ABSTRACT Net plankton by net plankton. Both fractions showed seasonal changes: the net plankton concentrations increased

  6. NET FEEDING IN MESOPELAGIC FISHES THOMAS L. HOPKINS AND RONALD C. BAIRD!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NET FEEDING IN MESOPELAGIC FISHES THOMAS L. HOPKINS AND RONALD C. BAIRD! ABSTRACT In an investigation of n'et feeding, 11 species of fish (5 gonostomatids, 6 myctophids) captured in a double-net Tucker trawl were examined. Stomach contents of fish retained by a coarse mesh "fish- catcher" in one net

  7. Comparison of acoustic and net sampling systems to determine patterns in zooplankton distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pierce, Stephen

    Comparison of acoustic and net sampling systems to determine patterns in zooplankton distribution and with predicted volume backscatter calculated from a coincident net tow. Spatially and temporally coincident data)) and from a 1 m2 Multiple Opening Closing Net and Environmental Sensing System (MOCNESS). The combined net

  8. Effects of Suspended Particles on Net-Tending Behaviors for Hydropsyche sparna (Trichoptera: Hydropsychidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Notre Dame, University of

    BEHAVIOR Effects of Suspended Particles on Net-Tending Behaviors for Hydropsyche sparna to eliminate the confounding effects of Ã?ow on net-tending. Drift and mortalityrateswerealsomeasuredbutdidnotoccurintheexperimentalorcontrolpopulations.Four net-tending behaviors occurred that varied in the degree of Ã?lter net modiÃ?cation. One

  9. the results MFV Kerrie Marie BM172 (New Net MK 1)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the results MFV Kerrie Marie BM172 (New Net MK 1) sea trials no4: ICES area VIIe Paul, the Skipper 2009 numbers of fish the nets the `new' net design (MK 1) used on the MFV Kerrie Marie The owner, skipper and crew of the Devon beam trawler `Kerrie Marie' have invested in new net designs and reduced

  10. Petri net based scheduling W.M.P. van der Aalst

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Aalst, Wil

    Petri net based scheduling W.M.P. van der Aalst Department of Mathematics and Computing Science 2474295, fax: -31 40 2463992, e-mail: wsinwa@win.tue.nl Abstract. Timed Petri nets can be used to model tasks, resources and constraints onto a timed Petri net. By mapping scheduling problems onto Petri nets

  11. Operational semantics for Petri Net components Jan Friso Groote and Marc Voorhoeve

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Groote, Jan Friso

    Operational semantics for Petri Net components Jan Friso Groote and Marc Voorhoeve Eindhoven.Voorhoeve@tue.nl Abstract We develop a theory for net components with labeled interface places and transitions. Nets, fusion and relabeling as operators. Net terms with the step firing rule are given a Plotkin-style SOS

  12. Towards Analysing a Class of Object Petri Nets Sea Ling and Heinz W. Schmidt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, Heinz

    Towards Analysing a Class of Object Petri Nets Sea Ling and Heinz W. Schmidt Department of Software,hwsg@sd.monash.edu.au Abstract The Petri net theory has been used to specify many types of systems, in particular, concurrent, distributed and non­ deterministic. A class of high­level, object­based Petri nets, OBJSA nets, is being used

  13. Submitted for publication to Acta Informatica. Reduction Rules for Time Petri Nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buy, Ugo A.

    Submitted for publication to Acta Informatica. Reduction Rules for Time Petri Nets Robert H. Sloan at Chicago Abstract In this paper, we extend several rules for the reduction of ordinary Petri nets to work with time Petri nets. We introduce a notion of equivalence among time Petri nets, and prove that our

  14. Comparison of Different Algorithms to Synthesize a Petri Net from a Partial Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desel, Jörg

    Comparison of Different Algorithms to Synthesize a Petri Net from a Partial Language Robin synthe- size a finite place/transition Petri net (p/t-net) from a finite set of labeled partial orders (a finite partial language). Either the synthesized p/t-net has exactly the non-sequential behavior

  15. Reticular Chemistry: Occurrence and Taxonomy of Nets and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yaghi, Omar M.

    Reticular Chemistry: Occurrence and Taxonomy of Nets and Grammar for the Design of Frameworks to deduce a system of classification "taxonomy" for interpreting and rational- izing known MOF structures

  16. ,"New Mexico Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"3292015 10:08:54 PM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New Mexico Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N5070NM2"...

  17. adaptive global net: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of contaminants discharged dispersion coefficient to be 70.1 ( 4.3 m2 s-1. Temporal evolution of the SF6 inventory indicates an average Ho, David 499 Building Bayes Nets with...

  18. additional net gain: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of contaminants discharged dispersion coefficient to be 70.1 ( 4.3 m2 s-1. Temporal evolution of the SF6 inventory indicates an average Ho, David 369 Building Bayes Nets with...

  19. October 16, 2012, Webinar: Net-Zero-Energy Communities

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This webinar was held October 16, 2012, and provided information on net-zero-energy communities in California and Hawaii. Download the presentations below, watch the webinar (WMV 159 MB), or view...

  20. Net Requirements Transparency Process for Slice/Block and Block...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3 As part of its Net Requirements Transparency process, on July 31, 2013 BPA published the SliceBlock and Block customers' FY2012 and forecast FY2014 Total Retail Load (TRL) and...

  1. Super-KMS functionals for graded-local conformal nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robin Hillier

    2014-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Motivated by a few preceding papers and a question of R. Longo, we introduce super-KMS functionals for graded translation-covariant nets over R with superderivations, roughly speaking as a certain supersymmetric modification of classical KMS states on translation-covariant nets over R, fundamental objects in chiral algebraic quantum field theory. Although we are able to make a few statements concerning their general structure, most properties will be studied in the setting of specific graded-local (super-) conformal models. In particular, we provide a constructive existence and partial uniqueness proof of super-KMS functionals for the supersymmetric free field, for certain subnets, and for the super-Virasoro net with central charge c>= 3/2. Moreover, as a separate result, we classify bounded super-KMS functionals for graded-local conformal nets over S^1 with respect to rotations.

  2. Sam, Booth, Targeting Net Zero DoD Project Review

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    TargeOng Net Zero DoD Project Review FUPWG Sam Booth NaOonal Renewable Energy Laboratory January 15 th , 2014 NREL is a naLonal laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office...

  3. ,"New York Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    ,,"(202) 586-8800",,,"2262015 9:16:55 AM" "Back to Contents","Data 1: New York Natural Gas Underground Storage Net Withdrawals (MMcf)" "Sourcekey","N5070NY2"...

  4. Energy Conservation and Comfort of Heat Pump Desiccant Air Conditioning System in Actual Living Space in Summer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miyashita, Yasushi

    Energy Conservation and Comfort of Heat Pump Desiccant Air Conditioning System in Actual Living and total heat exchanger in terms of both energy conservation and thermal comfort in summer. 1. COP

  5. Characterization, Leaching, and Filtrations Testing of Ferrocyanide Tank sludge (Group 8) Actual Waste Composite

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fiskum, Sandra K.; Billing, Justin M.; Crum, J. V.; Daniel, Richard C.; Edwards, Matthew K.; Shimskey, Rick W.; Peterson, Reid A.; MacFarlan, Paul J.; Buck, Edgar C.; Draper, Kathryn E.; Kozelisky, Anne E.

    2009-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the final report in a series of eight reports defining characterization, leach, and filtration testing of a wide variety of Hanford tank waste sludges. The information generated from this series is intended to supplement the Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) project understanding of actual waste behaviors associated with tank waste sludge processing through the pretreatment portion of the WTP. The work described in this report presents information on a high-iron waste form, specifically the ferrocyanide tank waste sludge. Iron hydroxide has been shown to pose technical challenges during filtration processing; the ferrocyanide tank waste sludge represented a good source of the high-iron matrix to test the filtration processing.

  6. Exposure of Ceramics and Ceramic Matrix Composites in Simulated and Actual Combustor Environments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brentnall, W.D.; Ferber, M.K.; Keiser, j.R.; Miriyala, N.; More, K.L.; Price, J.R.; Tortorelli, P.F.; Walker, L.R.

    1999-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    A high-temperature, high-pressure, tube furnace has been used to evaluate the long term stability of different monolithic ceramic and ceramic matrix composite materials in a simulated combustor environment. All of the tests have been run at 150 psia, 1204 degrees C, and 15% steam in incremental 500 h runs. The major advantage of this system is the high sample throughput; >20 samples can be exposed in each tube at the same time under similar exposure conditions. Microstructural evaluations of the samples were conducted after each 500 h exposure to characterize the extent of surface damage, to calculate surface recession rates, and to determine degradation mechanisms for the different materials. The validity of this exposure rig for simulating real combustor environments was established by comparing materials exposed in the test rig and combustor liner materials exposed for similar times in an actual gas turbine combustor under commercial operating conditions.

  7. Actual Scale MOX Powder Mixing Test for MOX Fuel Fabrication Plant in Japan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Osaka, Shuichi; Kurita, Ichiro; Deguchi, Morimoto [Japan Nuclear Fuel Ltd., 4-108, Aza okitsuke, oaza obuchi rokkasyo-mura, kamikita-gun, Aomori 039-3212 (Japan); Ito, Masanori [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 4-33 Muramatu, Tokai-mura, Ibaraki 319-1194 (Japan); Goto, Masakazu [Nuclear Fuel Industries, Ltd., 14-10, Mita 3-chome, Minato-ku, Tokyo 108-0073 (Japan)

    2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Japan Nuclear Fuel Ltd. (hereafter, JNFL) promotes a program of constructing a MOX fuel fabrication plant (hereafter, J-MOX) to fabricate MOX fuels to be loaded in domestic light water reactors. Since Japanese fiscal year (hereafter, JFY) 1999, JNFL, to establish the technology for a smooth start-up and the stable operation of J-MOX, has executed an evaluation test for technology to be adopted at J-MOX. JNFL, based on a consideration that J-MOX fuel fabrication comes commercial scale production, decided an introduction of MIMAS technology into J-MOX main process, from powder mixing through pellet sintering, well recognized as mostly important to achieve good quality product of MOX fuel, since it achieves good results in both fuel production and actual reactor irradiation in Europe, but there is one difference that JNFL is going to use Japanese typical plutonium and uranium mixed oxide powder converted with the micro-wave heating direct de-nitration technology (hereafter, MH-MOX) but normal PuO{sub 2} of European MOX fuel fabricators. Therefore, in order to evaluate the suitability of the MH-MOX powder for the MIMAS process, JNFL manufactured small scale test equipment, and implemented a powder mixing evaluation test up until JFY 2003. As a result, the suitability of the MH-MOX powder for the MIMAS process was positively evaluated and confirmed It was followed by a five-years test named an 'actual test' from JFY 2003 to JFY 2007, which aims at demonstrating good operation and maintenance of process equipment as well as obtaining good quality of MOX fuel pellets. (authors)

  8. BENCH-SCALE STEAM REFORMING OF ACTUAL TANK 48H WASTE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burket, P; Gene Daniel, G; Charles Nash, C; Carol Jantzen, C; Michael Williams, M

    2008-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Fluidized Bed Steam Reforming (FBSR) has been demonstrated to be a viable technology to remove >99% of the organics from Tank 48H simulant, to remove >99% of the nitrate/nitrite from Tank 48H simulant, and to form a solid product that is primarily carbonate based. The technology was demonstrated in October of 2006 in the Engineering Scale Test Demonstration Fluidized Bed Steam Reformer1 (ESTD FBSR) at the Hazen Research Inc. (HRI) facility in Golden, CO. The purpose of the Bench-scale Steam Reformer (BSR) testing was to demonstrate that the same reactions occur and the same product is formed when steam reforming actual radioactive Tank 48H waste. The approach used in the current study was to test the BSR with the same Tank 48H simulant and same Erwin coal as was used at the ESTD FBSR under the same operating conditions. This comparison would allow verification that the same chemical reactions occur in both the BSR and ESTD FBSR. Then, actual radioactive Tank 48H material would be steam reformed in the BSR to verify that the actual tank 48H sample reacts the same way chemically as the simulant Tank 48H material. The conclusions from the BSR study and comparison to the ESTD FBSR are the following: (1) A Bench-scale Steam Reforming (BSR) unit was successfully designed and built that: (a) Emulated the chemistry of the ESTD FBSR Denitration Mineralization Reformer (DMR) and Carbon Reduction Reformer (CRR) known collectively as the dual reformer flowsheet. (b) Measured and controlled the off-gas stream. (c) Processed real (radioactive) Tank 48H waste. (d) Met the standards and specifications for radiological testing in the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) Shielded Cells Facility (SCF). (2) Three runs with radioactive Tank 48H material were performed. (3) The Tetraphenylborate (TPB) was destroyed to > 99% for all radioactive Bench-scale tests. (4) The feed nitrate/nitrite was destroyed to >99% for all radioactive BSR tests the same as the ESTD FBSR. (5) The radioactive Tank 48H DMR product was primarily made up of soluble carbonates. The three most abundant species were thermonatrite, [Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3} {center_dot} H{sub 2}O], sodium carbonate, [Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3}], and trona, [Na{sub 3}H(CO{sub 3}){sub 2} {center_dot} 2H{sub 2}O] the same as the ESTD FBSR. (6) Insoluble solids analyzed by X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) did not detect insoluble carbonate species. However, they still may be present at levels below 2 wt%, the sensitivity of the XRD methodology. Insoluble solids XRD characterization indicated that various Fe/Ni/Cr/Mn phases are present. These crystalline phases are associated with the insoluble sludge components of Tank 48H slurry and impurities in the Erwin coal ash. The percent insoluble solids, which mainly consist of un-burnt coal and coal ash, in the products were 4 to 11 wt% for the radioactive runs. (7) The Fe{sup +2}/Fe{sub total} REDOX measurements ranged from 0.58 to 1 for the three radioactive Bench-scale tests. REDOX measurements > 0.5 showed a reducing atmosphere was maintained in the DMR indicating that pyrolysis was occurring. (8) Greater than 90% of the radioactivity was captured in the product for all three runs. (9) The collective results from the FBSR simulant tests and the BSR simulant tests indicate that the same chemistry occurs in the two reactors. (10) The collective results from the BSR simulant runs and the BSR radioactive waste runs indicates that the same chemistry occurs in the simulant as in the real waste. The FBSR technology has been proven to destroy the organics and nitrates in the Tank 48H waste and form the anticipated solid carbonate phases as expected.

  9. Actual Versus Estimated Utility Factor of a Large Set of Privately Owned Chevrolet Volts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John Smart; Thomas Bradley; Stephen Schey

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In order to determine the overall fuel economy of a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV), the amount of operation in charge depleting (CD) versus charge sustaining modes must be determined. Mode of operation is predominantly dependent on customer usage of the vehicle and is therefore highly variable. The utility factor (UF) concept was developed to quantify the distance a group of vehicles has traveled or may travel in CD mode. SAE J2841 presents a UF calculation method based on data collected from travel surveys of conventional vehicles. UF estimates have been used in a variety of areas, including the calculation of window sticker fuel economy, policy decisions, and vehicle design determination. The EV Project, a plug-in electric vehicle charging infrastructure demonstration being conducted across the United States, provides the opportunity to determine the real-world UF of a large group of privately owned Chevrolet Volt extended range electric vehicles. Using data collected from Volts enrolled in The EV Project, this paper compares the real-world UF of two groups of Chevrolet Volts to estimated UF's based on J2841. The actual observed fleet utility factors (FUF) for the MY2011/2012 and MY2013 Volt groups studied were observed to be 72% and 74%, respectively. Using the EPA CD ranges, the method prescribed by J2841 estimates a FUF of 65% and 68% for the MY2011/2012 and MY2013 Volt groups, respectively. Volt drivers achieved higher percentages of distance traveled in EV mode for two reasons. First, they had fewer long-distance travel days than drivers in the national travel survey referenced by J2841. Second, they charged more frequently than the J2841 assumption of once per day - drivers of Volts in this study averaged over 1.4 charging events per day. Although actual CD range varied widely as driving conditions varied, the average CD ranges for the two Volt groups studied matched the EPA CD range estimates, so CD range variation did not affect FUF results.

  10. Predicted Versus Actual Savings for a Low-Rise Multifamily Retrofit in Boulder, Colorado

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arena, L.; Williamson, J.

    2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To determine the most cost-effective methods of improving buildings, accurate analysis and prediction of the energy use of existing buildings is essential. However, multiple studies confirm that analysis methods tend to over-predict energy use in poorly insulated, leaky homes and thus, the savings associated with improving those homes. In NREL's report titled 'Assessing and Improving the Accuracy of Energy Analysis of Residential Buildings,' researchers propose a method for improving the accuracy of residential energy analysis methods. A key step in this process involves the comparisons of predicted versus metered energy use and savings. In support of this research need, CARB evaluated the retrofit of a multifamily building in Boulder, CO. The updated property is a 37 unit, 2 story apartment complex built in 1950, which underwent renovations in early 2009 to bring it into compliance with Boulder, CO's SmartRegs ordinance. Goals of the study were to: 1) evaluate predicted versus actual savings due to the improvements, 2) identify areas where the modeling assumptions may need to be changed, and 3) determine common changes made by renters that would negatively impact energy savings. In this study, CARB seeks to improve the accuracy of modeling software while assessing retrofit measures to specifically determine which are most effective for large multifamily complexes in the cold climate region. Other issues that were investigated include the effects of improving building efficiency on tenant comfort, the impact on tenant turnover rates, and the potential market barriers for this type of community scale project.

  11. Fast Verification of MLL Proof Nets via IMLL ANDRZEJ S. MURAWSKI and C.H. LUKE ONG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murawski, Andrzej

    Fast Verification of MLL Proof Nets via IMLL ANDRZEJ S. MURAWSKI and C.­H. LUKE ONG Oxford University Computing Laboratory We consider the following decision problems: ProofNet : Is a given multiplicative linear logic (MLL) proof structure a proof net? EssNet : Is a given essential net (of

  12. Synthesis of Petri Nets from Infinite Partial Languages Robin Bergenthum, Jorg Desel, Robert Lorenz and Sebastian Mauser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desel, Jörg

    Synthesis of Petri Nets from Infinite Partial Languages Robin Bergenthum, J¨org Desel, Robert an algorithm to synthesize a finite unlabeled place/transition Petri net (p/t-net) from a possibly infinite on the theory of regions for partial languages presented in [18] and pro- duces a p/t-net having minimal net

  13. Feasibility of Achieving a Zero-Net-Energy, Zero-Net-Cost Homes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Beaini, S.; Borgeson, S.; Coffery, B.; Gregory, D.; Konis, K.; Scown, C.; Simjanovic, J.; Stanley, J.; Strogen, B.; Walker, I.

    2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A green building competition, to be known as the Energy Free Home Challenge (EFHC), is scheduled to be opened to teams around the world in 2010. This competition will encourage both design innovation and cost reduction, by requiring design entries to meet 'zero net energy' and 'zero net cost' criteria. For the purposes of this competition, a 'zero net energy' home produces at least as much energy as it purchases over the course of a year, regardless of the time and form of the energy (e.g., electricity, heat, or fuel) consumed or produced. A 'zero net cost' home is no more expensive than a traditional home of comparable size and comfort, when evaluated over the course of a 30-year mortgage. In other words, the 'green premium' must have a payback period less than 30 years, based on the value of energy saved. The overarching goal of the competition is to develop affordable, high-performance homes that can be mass-produced at a large scale, and are able to meet occupant needs in harsh climates (as can be found where the competition will be held in Illinois). This report outlines the goals of the competition, and gauges their feasibility using both modeling results and published data. To ensure that the established rules are challenging, yet reasonable, this report seeks to refine the competition goals after exploring their feasibility through case studies, cost projections, and energy modeling. The authors of this report conducted a survey of the most progressive home energy-efficiency practices expected to appear in competition design submittals. In Appendix A, a summary can be found of recent projects throughout the United States, Canada, Germany, Switzerland, Sweden and Japan, where some of the most progressive technologies have been implemented. As with past energy efficient home projects, EFHC competitors will incorporate a multitude of energy efficiency measures into their home designs. The authors believe that the cost of electricity generated by home generation technologies will continue to exceed the price of US grid electricity in almost all locations. Strategies to minimize whole-house energy demand generally involve some combination of the following measures: optimization of surface (area) to volume ratio; optimization of solar orientation; reduction of envelope loads; systems-based engineering of high efficiency HVAC components, and on-site power generation. A 'Base Case' home energy model was constructed, to enable the team to quantitatively evaluate the merits of various home energy efficiency measures. This Base Case home was designed to have an energy use profile typical of most newly constructed homes in the Champaign-Urbana, Illinois area, where the competition is scheduled to be held. The model was created with the EnergyGauge USA software package, a front-end for the DOE-2 building energy simulation tool; the home is a 2,000 square foot, two-story building with an unconditioned basement, gas heating, a gas hot-water heater, and a family of four. The model specifies the most significant details of a home that can impact its energy use, including location, insulation values, air leakage, heating/cooling systems, lighting, major appliances, hot water use, and other plug loads. EFHC contestants and judges should pay special attention to the Base Case model's defined 'service characteristics' of home amenities such as lighting and appliances. For example, a typical home refrigerator is assumed to have a built-in freezer, automatic (not manual) defrost, and an interior volume of 26 cubic feet. The Base Case home model is described in more detail in Section IV and Appendix B.

  14. STEAM REFORMING TECHNOLOGY DEMONSTRATION FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF ORGANICS ON ACTUAL DOE SAVANNAH RIVER SITE TANK 48H WASTE 9138

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burket, P

    2009-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes the design of the Bench-scale Steam Reformer (BSR); a processing unit for demonstrating steam reforming technology on actual radioactive waste [1]. It describes the operating conditions of the unit used for processing a sample of Savannah River Site (SRS) Tank 48H waste. Finally, it compares the results from processing the actual waste in the BSR to processing simulant waste in the BSR to processing simulant waste in a large pilot scale unit, the Fluidized Bed Steam Reformer (FBSR), operated at Hazen Research Inc. in Golden, CO. The purpose of this work was to prove that the actual waste reacted in the same manner as the simulant waste in order to validate the work performed in the pilot scale unit which could only use simulant waste.

  15. Net Metering and Interconnection Procedures-- Incorporating Best Practices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jason Keyes, Kevin Fox, Joseph Wiedman, Staff at North Carolina Solar Center

    2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    State utility commissions and utilities themselves are actively developing and revising their procedures for the interconnection and net metering of distributed generation. However, the procedures most often used by regulators and utilities as models have not been updated in the past three years, in which time most of the distributed solar facilities in the United States have been installed. In that period, the Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC) has been a participant in more than thirty state utility commission rulemakings regarding interconnection and net metering of distributed generation. With the knowledge gained from this experience, IREC has updated its model procedures to incorporate current best practices. This paper presents the most significant changes made to IREC���¢��������s model interconnection and net metering procedures.

  16. A model for net-baryon rapidity distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Alvarez-Muñiz; R. Conceição; J. Dias de Deus; M. C. Espírito Santo; J. G. Milhano; M. Pimenta

    2009-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

    In nuclear collisions, a sizable fraction of the available energy is carried away by baryons. As the baryon number is conserved, the net-baryon $B-\\bar{B}$ retains information on the energy-momentum carried by the incoming nuclei. A simple and consistent model for net-baryon production in high energy proton-proton and nucleus-nucleus collisions is presented. The basic ingredients of the model are valence string formation based on standard PDFs with QCD evolution and string fragmentation via the Schwinger mechanism. The results of the model are presented and compared with data at different centre-of-mass energies and centralities, as well as with existing models. These results show that a good description of the main features of net-baryon data is possible in the framework of a simplistic model, with the advantage of making the fundamental production mechanisms manifest.

  17. Filtration and Leach Testing for PUREX Cladding Sludge and REDOX Cladding Sludge Actual Waste Sample Composites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shimskey, Rick W.; Billing, Justin M.; Buck, Edgar C.; Casella, Amanda J.; Crum, Jarrod V.; Daniel, Richard C.; Draper, Kathryn E.; Edwards, Matthew K.; Hallen, Richard T.; Kozelisky, Anne E.; MacFarlan, Paul J.; Peterson, Reid A.; Swoboda, Robert G.

    2009-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

    A testing program evaluating actual tank waste was developed in response to Task 4 from the M-12 External Flowsheet Review Team (EFRT) issue response plan (Barnes and Voke 2006). The test program was subdivided into logical increments. The bulk water-insoluble solid wastes that are anticipated to be delivered to the Hanford Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) were identified according to type such that the actual waste testing could be targeted to the relevant categories. Under test plan TP RPP WTP 467 (Fiskum et al. 2007), eight broad waste groupings were defined. Samples available from the 222S archive were identified and obtained for testing. Under this test plan, a waste testing program was implemented that included: • Homogenizing the archive samples by group as defined in the test plan. • Characterizing the homogenized sample groups. • Performing parametric leaching testing on each group for compounds of interest. • Performing bench-top filtration/leaching tests in the hot cell for each group to simulate filtration and leaching activities if they occurred in the UFP2 vessel of the WTP Pretreatment Facility. This report focuses on a filtration/leaching test performed using two of the eight waste composite samples. The sample groups examined in this report were the plutonium-uranium extraction (PUREX) cladding waste sludge (Group 3, or CWP) and reduction-oxidation (REDOX) cladding waste sludge (Group 4, or CWR). Both the Group 3 and 4 waste composites were anticipated to be high in gibbsite, thus requiring caustic leaching. WTP RPT 167 (Snow et al. 2008) describes the homogenization, characterization, and parametric leaching activities before benchtop filtration/leaching testing of these two waste groups. Characterization and initial parametric data in that report were used to plan a single filtration/leaching test using a blend of both wastes. The test focused on filtration testing of the waste and caustic leaching for aluminum, in the form of gibbsite, and its impact on filtration. The initial sample was diluted with a liquid simulant to simulate the receiving concentration of retrieved tank waste into the UFP2 vessel (< 10 wt% undissolved solids). Filtration testing was performed on the dilute waste sample and dewatered to a higher solids concentration. Filtration testing was then performed on the concentrated slurry. Afterwards, the slurry was caustic leached to remove aluminum present in the undissolved solid present in the waste. The leach was planned to simulate leaching conditions in the UFP2 vessel. During the leach, slurry supernate samples were collected to measure the dissolution rate of aluminum in the waste. After the slurry cooled down from the elevated leach temperature, the leach liquor was dewatered from the solids. The remaining slurry was rinsed and dewatered with caustic solutions to remove a majority of the dissolved aluminum from the leached slurry. The concentration of sodium hydroxide in the rinse solutions was high enough to maintain the solubility of the aluminum in the dewatered rinse solutions after dilution of the slurry supernate. Filtration tests were performed on the final slurry to compare to filtration performance before and after caustic leaching.

  18. Final Administrator's Record of Decision, PNCA-02-A-02, April...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in an import of Interchange Energy). Over time these transfers of Interchange tend to net to zero. In effect, therefore, they are exchanges. The IE rate applies to these...

  19. Demand response compensation, net Benefits and cost allocation: comments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hogan, William W.

    2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    FERC's Supplemental Notice of Public Rulemaking addresses the question of proper compensation for demand response in organized wholesale electricity markets. Assuming that the Commission would proceed with the proposal ''to require tariff provisions allowing demand response resources to participate in wholesale energy markets by reducing consumption of electricity from expected levels in response to price signals, to pay those demand response resources, in all hours, the market price of energy for such reductions,'' the Commission posed questions about applying a net benefits test and rules for cost allocation. This article summarizes critical points and poses implications for the issues of net benefit tests and cost allocation. (author)

  20. Targeting Net Zero Energy at Fort Carson: Assessment and Recommendations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, K.; Markel, T.; Simpson, M.; Leahey, J.; Rockenbaugh, C.; Lisell, L.; Burman, K.; Singer, M.

    2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Army's Fort Carson installation was selected to serve as a prototype for net zero energy assessment and planning. NREL performed the comprehensive assessment to appraise the potential of Fort Carson to achieve net zero energy status through energy efficiency, renewable energy, and electric vehicle integration. This report summarizes the results of the assessment and provides energy recommendations. This study is part of a larger cross-laboratory effort that also includes an assessment of renewable opportunities at seven other DoD Front Range installations, a microgrid design for Fort Carson critical loads and an assessment of regulatory and market-based barriers to a regional secure smart grid.

  1. Microsoft PowerPoint - 06 Crawley Drive for Net Zero Energy Commercial...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    6 Crawley Drive for Net Zero Energy Commercial Buildings Microsoft PowerPoint - 06 Crawley Drive for Net Zero Energy Commercial Buildings Microsoft PowerPoint - 06 Crawley Drive...

  2. NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL GLERL-85 COVARIANCE PROPERTIES OF ANNUAL NET BASIN SUPPLIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL GLERL-85 COVARIANCE PROPERTIES OF ANNUAL NET BASIN SUPPLIES ........................................................................................................ 2 2.2 Net Basin Supplies . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Table lb.--Lag-Zero Cross Covariances and Cross Correlations Among Great Lakes Annual Connecting

  3. Kaupuni Village: A closer look at the first net-zero energy affordable...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Kaupuni Village: A closer look at the first net-zero energy affordable housing community in Hawaii Kaupuni Village: A closer look at the first net-zero energy affordable housing...

  4. Taxonomy of periodic nets and the design of materials Olaf Delgado-Friedrichs,a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yaghi, Omar M.

    Taxonomy of periodic nets and the design of materials Olaf Delgado-Friedrichs,a Michael O classification (taxonomy) of polyhedra and periodic nets that is appropriate for identifying the structures

  5. Reasoning about the ERK signal transduction pathway using BioSigNetRR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shankland, Carron

    Reasoning about the ERK signal transduction pathway using BioSigNet­RR Carron Shankland a , Nam network (the ERK pathway of [CSK + 03]) using the declarative language of the tool BioSigNet­RR [BCT + 04

  6. Continental-scale net radiation and evapotranspiration estimated using MODIS satellite observations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jin, Yufang; Randerson, James T.; Goulden, Michael L.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1151. Priestley, C. H. , & Taylor, R. J. (1972). Assessment6 Mean ET, R net , Priestley–Taylor ?, and precipitation andbetween ET, R net , the Priestley–Taylor ? coef?cient, and

  7. FOAMSearch.net: A custom search engine for emergency medicine and critical care

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    racy of a point of care web-based knowledge resource forFOAMSearch.net. A list of web- sites that include bothlist is available on the web- site (http://FOAMSearch.net/

  8. Total chips Black chips Blue chips Net Values negative positive 1 8 ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    User

    2011-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Math 13700. Net value of Positive and Negative Chips. Lesson 28. Total chips Black chips Blue chips Net Values negative positive. 1. 8. 29. 2. 42. 26. 3. 14. +8.

  9. SPATIAL AND TEMPORAL VARIABILITY OF NET ACCUMULATION FROM SHALLOW CORES FROM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, John

    SPATIAL AND TEMPORAL VARIABILITY OF NET ACCUMULATION FROM SHALLOW CORES FROM VESTFONNA ICE CAP variability of net accumulation from shallow cores from Vestfonna ice cap (Nordaustlandet, Svalbard. We analyse ice cores from Vestfonna ice cap (Nordaustlandet, Svalbard). Oxygen isoto- pic

  10. V-002: EMC NetWorker Module for Microsoft Applications Lets Remote...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    2: EMC NetWorker Module for Microsoft Applications Lets Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code and Local Users Obtain Passwords V-002: EMC NetWorker Module for Microsoft Applications...

  11. Optimal Technology Investment and Operation in Zero-Net-Energy Buildings with Demand Response

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadler, Michael

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Net- Energy Buildings with Demand Response Michael Stadler,Net-Energy Buildings with Demand Response 1 Michael Stadlerbuilding simulation tools, e.g. , EnergyPlus, require specification of the demand response

  12. The Building Energy Report Card is used to compare the actual annual energy consumption of buildings to a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ciocan-Fontanine, Ionut

    's area (Gross Square Feet or GSF). The report card accounts for all forms of energy used in a building.e. kBtu) and is divided by the building's area to proved a unit of energy intensity which is expressedThe Building Energy Report Card is used to compare the actual annual energy consumption

  13. This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground affecting corporate climate strategies.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    This study explores how the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) actually works on the ground@bookpoint.co.uk May 2013 322 pages Hardback 978-1-4094-6078-7 £60.00 Corporate Responses to EU Emissions Trading at The Fridtjof Nansen Institute, Norway `With greenhouse gas emissions trading schemes emerging worldwide

  14. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Evaluation of Energy Performance of UBC's Residential Buildings Using Actual Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and put a great effort into trying to get energy consumption data by contacting strata councils Records for providing energy consumption data and architectural drawings of Faculty and Staff Housing actual energy consumption data. The primary objective of this study is to analyze electricity and gas

  15. DEFINITION OF USABLE SPACE "Usable Space" is the actual space to be occupied by the Company. It is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DEFINITION OF USABLE SPACE "Usable Space" is the actual space to be occupied by the Company. It is determined as follows: If the space is on a single-tenancy floor, compute the inside gross area by measuring. If the space is on a multiple-tenancy floor, measure from the exterior building walls as above and to the room

  16. Differences in Physician Use of Electronic Health Records: Development of a Scale Assessing Individual Factors Influencing Physician Actualization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wesner, Kylene J

    2014-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    throughout the day. Using a Theory of Organization-EHR Affordance Actualization as a guiding framework, the focus of this dissertation is to examine the factors that influence how physicians use the EHR at the individual-level during clinical interactions...

  17. DEMONSTRATION OF THE GLYCOLIC-FORMIC FLOWSHEET IN THE SRNL SHIELDED CELLS USING ACTUAL WASTE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lambert, D.; Pareizs, J.; Click, D.

    2011-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Glycolic acid was effective at dissolving many metals, including iron, during processing with simulants. Criticality constraints take credit for the insolubility of iron during processing to prevent criticality of fissile materials. Testing with actual waste was needed to determine the extent of iron and fissile isotope dissolution during Chemical Process Cell (CPC) processing. The Alternate Reductant Project was initiated by the Savannah River Remediation (SRR) Company to explore options for the replacement of the nitric-formic flowsheet used for the CPC at the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF). The goals of the Alternate Reductant Project are to reduce CPC cycle time, increase mass throughput of the facility, and reduce operational hazards. In order to achieve these goals, several different reductants were considered during initial evaluations conducted by Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL). After review of the reductants by SRR, SRNL, and Energy Solutions (ES) Vitreous State Laboratory (VSL), two flowsheets were further developed in parallel. The two flowsheet options included a nitric-formic-glycolic flowsheet, and a nitric-formic-sugar flowsheet. As of July 2011, SRNL and ES/VSL have completed the initial flowsheet development work for the nitric-formic-glycolic flowsheet and nitric-formic-sugar flowsheet, respectively. On July 12th and July 13th, SRR conducted a Systems Engineering Evaluation (SEE) to down select the alternate reductant flowsheet. The SEE team selected the Formic-Glycolic Flowsheet for further development. Two risks were identified in SEE for expedited research. The first risk is related to iron and plutonium solubility during the CPC process with respect to criticality. Currently, DWPF credits iron as a poison for the fissile components of the sludge. Due to the high iron solubility observed during the flowsheet demonstrations with simulants, it was necessary to determine if the plutonium in the radioactive sludge slurry demonstrated the same behavior. The second risk is related to potential downstream impacts of glycolate on Tank Farm processes. The downstream impacts will be evaluated by a separate research team. Waste Solidification Engineering (WSE) has requested a radioactive demonstration of the Glycolic-Formic Flowsheet with radioactive sludge slurry be completed in the Shielded Cells Facility of the SRNL. The Shielded Cells demonstration only included a Sludge Receipt and Adjustment Tank (SRAT) cycle, and not a Slurry Mix Evaporator (SME) cycle or the co-processing of salt products. Sludge Batch 5 (SB5) slurry was used for the demonstration since it was readily available, had been previously characterized, and was generally representative of sludges being processing in DWPF. This sample was never used in the planned Shielded Cells Run 7 (SC-7).

  18. ,"Table 2a. Noncoincident Summer Peak Load, Actual and Projected by North American Electric Reliability Corporation Region, "

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources andPlant Liquids,+ LeasePrice Sold to Electric Powere.. Net Energya.

  19. ,"Table 2a. Noncoincident Summer Peak Load, Actual and Projected by North American Electric Reliability Corporation Region, "

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources andPlant Liquids,+ LeasePrice Sold to Electric Powere.. Net

  20. Progress in net shape fabrication of alpha SiC turbine components

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Storm, R.S.; Naum, R.G.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An update on the status of ceramic component development in the AGT and CATE Programs is presented. Activity on the DDA AGT Program has focused on injection molded rotors in addition to static components. Fabrication of components for the Garrett AGT Program emphasized the very large injection molded turbine shroud and injection molded interchangeable segmented stator as well as slip cast and isopressed components. The fabrication aspect of the CATE Turbine Blade Optimization Program is also reviewed.

  1. Control of Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Optimal DER Technology Investment and Energy Management in Zero-Net-Energy Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stadler, Michael

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Deru, D. Crawley (2006), “Zero Energy Buildings: A Criticaland Energy Management in Zero-Net-Energy Buildings Michaeland Energy Management in Zero-Net-Energy Buildings 1 Michael

  2. Status of Net Metering: Assessing the Potential to Reach Program Caps (Poster)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heeter, J.; Bird, L.; Gelman, R.

    2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Several states are addressing the issue of net metering program caps, which limit the total amount of net metered generating capacity that can be installed in a state or utility service territory. In this analysis, we examine net metering caps to gain perspective on how long net metering will be available in various jurisdictions under current policies. We also surveyed state practices and experience to understand important policy design considerations.

  3. Status of Net Metering: Assessing the Potential to Reach Program Caps

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heeter, J.; Gelman, R.; Bird, L.

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Several states are addressing the issue of net metering program caps, which limit the total amount of net metered generating capacity that can be installed in a state or utility service territory. In this analysis, we examine net metering caps to gain perspective on how long net metering will be available in various jurisdictions under current policies. We also surveyed state practices and experience to understand important policy design considerations.

  4. New Research Further Strengthens Evidence of the Benefits of the Health Care Safety Net

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dow, William H.; Roby, Dylan H. `; Kominski, Gerald; Jacobs, Ken

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    expanding ISSUE BRIEF New Research Further Strengthens Evidence of the Benefits of the Health Care Safety Net

  5. Implementing Self-Organising Virtual Enterprises Using Social Behaviour Nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    to support Internet-based virtual enterprises are currently characterised as having fixed process models, fixed meta-data models and a fixed set of users at project inception. This paper proposes the So to a combination of its own goals and state changes. The SoBeNet test-bed is based on the Java JADE environment

  6. Comparison of Hybrid Systems and Fluid Stochastic Petri Nets \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tuffin, Bruno

    Comparison of Hybrid Systems and Fluid Stochastic Petri Nets \\Lambda Bruno Tuffin , Dong S. Chen Engineering Duke University, Durham, NC 27708­0291, U.S.A. Abstract. Hybrid Systems are models of interacting digital and continuous devices with applications in the control of aircraft, computers, or modern cars

  7. Generalised elastic nets Miguel A. Carreira-Perpi~nan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carreira-Perpiñán, Miguel Á.

    for combinatorial optimisation and has been applied, among other problems, to biological modelling. It has an energy the elastic net model to an arbitrary quadratic tension term, e.g. derived from a discretised differential, and show that the model is sensitive to the choice of finite difference scheme that represents

  8. MFRPAPER1117 Net-Pen Culture of Pacific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in Puget Sound, Wash., in 1969 with small (2.7 m:l) net en- closures. The rapId growth and reasonable-pen culture is being practiced in Puget Sound waters for two purposes: (1) the commercia l production of pan.-Puget Sound , Wash. This inland arm of the Pacific Ocean is the site of major activi- ties

  9. WebSPN: NonMarkovian Stochastic Petri Net Tool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Telek, Miklós

    browser. Keywords: Non­Markovian SPN, transient analysis, Java technology, Word Wide Web. 1 Introduction concurrently enabled generally distributed transitions. WebSPN makes wide use of Java technologyWebSPN: Non­Markovian Stochastic Petri Net Tool A. Bobbio x, A. Puliafito *, M. Scarpa x, M. Telek

  10. www.bitmix.co.ui .NET DEVELOPMENT LEAD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kasparian, Azniv

    iCt www.bitmix.co.ui .NET DEVELOPMENT LEAD We are looking for motivated, positive team players. Responsibilities: - Lead development of an innovative set of services and tools in the mobile space; - Be ready to lead on all angles, including people, process, and technology; - Get the best from a true team

  11. Estimation of Parameters in Carbon Sequestration Models from Net Ecosystem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Luther

    Estimation of Parameters in Carbon Sequestration Models from Net Ecosystem Exchange Data Luther in the context of a deterministic com- partmental carbon sequestration system. Sensitivity and approximation usefulness in the estimation of parameters within a compartmental carbon sequestration model. Previously we

  12. Using GeoWordNet for Geographical Information Retrieval

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosso, Paolo

    - ambiguated and assigned their coordinates on the world map. Documents are first searched for by means of a term-based search method, and then re-ranked according to the geographical information. The results knowledge at keyword level in the Lucene1 search engine, focusing on the use of the WordNet [3] ontology

  13. ASTROMETRY.NET: BLIND ASTROMETRIC CALIBRATION OF ARBITRARY ASTRONOMICAL IMAGES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masci, Frank

    ASTROMETRY.NET: BLIND ASTROMETRIC CALIBRATION OF ARBITRARY ASTRONOMICAL IMAGES This article has CALIBRATION OF ARBITRARY ASTRONOMICAL IMAGES Dustin Lang1,2,7 , David W. Hogg3,4 , Keir Mierle1,5 , Michael Blanton3 , and Sam Roweis1,5,6 1 Department of Computer Science, University of Toronto, 6 King's College

  14. Transformation Nets -A Runtime Model for Transformation Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hochreiter, Sepp

    as first-class arti- facts throughout the software lifecycle requiring the availability of proper of Software Technology and Interactive Systems Vienna University of Technology Favoritenstraße 9)--called Transformation Nets--for the development, execution and debugging of model transformations on a high level

  15. Predicting Software Defects in Varying Development Lifecycles using Bayesian Nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fenton, Norman

    Predicting Software Defects in Varying Development Lifecycles using Bayesian Nets Norman Fenton, this has required a custom- built BN for each software development lifecycle. We describe a more general BN software development lifecycle ­ to reflect both the differing number of testing stages in the lifecycle

  16. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Quantification of net primary production of Chinese

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Tonglin

    Abstract Net primary production (NPP) of terrestrial ecosystems provides food, fiber, construction to rising population and biofuel uses. Assessing national forest NPP is of importance to best use forest resources in China. To date, most estimates of NPP are based on process-based ecosystem modeling, forestry

  17. Process Efficiency Measurements in the Laser Engineered Net Shaping Process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DuPont, John N.

    Process Efficiency Measurements in the Laser Engineered Net Shaping Process R.R. UNOCIC and J.N. DuPONT A study of laser energy transfer efficiency, melting efficiency, and deposition efficiency has been material. Measurements revealed that laser energy transfer efficiency ranged from 30 to 50 pct. Laser beam

  18. abundance bed net: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    abundance bed net First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Open Access Impact of...

  19. Commons as insurance: safety nets or poverty traps? Philippe Delacote

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langerhans, Brian

    Commons as insurance: safety nets or poverty traps? Philippe Delacote Economics Department, EUI. The aim of this paper is to consider the potential poverty-trap implications of this use. If the capacity, the introduction of an insurance scheme could be an exit to the poverty trap and relax pressure on the resource

  20. Continuous flow Systems and Control Methodology Using Hybrid Petri nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    modeling tool of positive systems, while Hybrid Automata are a powerful tool giving formally the reachable is based on the control of a hybrid system modelled by a D-elementary hybrid Petri Net. The control is maximally permissive. 1. INTRODUCTION Modelling and control of physical systems are crucial issues

  1. Ladder Metamodeling & PLC Program Validation through Time Petri Nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Ladder Metamodeling & PLC Program Validation through Time Petri Nets Darlam Fabio Bender1,2, Benoît for Programmable Logical Controllers (PLCs). A PLC is a special purpose industrial computer used to automate the sequential, state-dependent logic in- herent in the program design [1]. Not found bugs in PLC programs

  2. Datacenter Net Profit Optimization with Deadline Dependent Pricing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisher, Kathleen

    Datacenter Net Profit Optimization with Deadline Dependent Pricing Wei Wang1, Peng Zhang1, Tian Lan - Research, Florham Park, NJ 07932, USA Abstract--This paper considers deadline dependent pricing and its decisions. Lever- aging a new approximation method for job completion time, we develop two low

  3. Towards Discovering Data Center Genome Using Sensor Nets Microsoft Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amir, Yair

    en- ergy consumption. Improving data center energy efficiency is a pressing issue with significant operators lack sufficient visibility into how heat is generated, distributed, and exchanged in data centersTowards Discovering Data Center Genome Using Sensor Nets Jie Liu Microsoft Research One Microsoft

  4. Diverse neural net solutions to a fault diagnosis problem \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharkey, Amanda

    Abstract The development of a neural net system for fault diagnosis in a mar­ ine diesel engine system solution to a problem of fault diagnosis in a four­stroke marine diesel engine; that of early to recognise faults in simulated data from a diesel engine; specifically to classify combustion condition

  5. NetViewer: A Network Traffic Visualization and Analysis Tool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reddy, Narasimha

    . NetViewer can be employed to detect and identify network anomalies such as DoS/DDoS attacks, worms from both the commercial and free soft- ware communities. To study and classify traffic on the network most of the time. In such cases, attack traffic may not induce significant overshoot in traffic volume

  6. The Net Environmental Effects of Carbon Dioxide Reduction Policies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of policy measures have been proposed to reduce the emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2). However, policies which reduce CO2 emissions will also decrease the emissions of greenhouse-relevant gases methane are overlooked the net effect of CO2 reduction policies on global warming is understated. Thus, emissions of all

  7. Scaling the NetFPGA switch using Aurora over SATA Ajithkumar Thamarakuzhi, John A. Chandy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chandy, John A.

    Scaling the NetFPGA switch using Aurora over SATA Ajithkumar Thamarakuzhi, John A. Chandy two NetFPGA boards which are interconnected by SATA cables. We use the Xilinx Aurora protocolFPGA, SATA, Aurora 1. INTRODUCTION The NetFPGA platform helps researchers, teachers and stu- dents

  8. innovati nNREL Furthers U.S. Marine Corps Air Station Miramar's Move Toward Net

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    innovati nNREL Furthers U.S. Marine Corps Air Station Miramar's Move Toward Net Zero Energy The U.S. Marine Corps Air Station (MCAS) Miramar is striving toward its goal of becoming a"net zero energy"to which the net zero goal would apply. The NZEI concept focuses on the use of local clean energy resources

  9. Dynamics of Airfoil Separation Control Using Zero-Net Mass-Flux Forcing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mittal, Rajat

    Dynamics of Airfoil Separation Control Using Zero-Net Mass-Flux Forcing Reni Raju and Rajat Mittal, Gainesville, Florida 32611 DOI: 10.2514/1.37147 Zero-net mass-flux jet based control of flow separation over using zero-net mass-flux actuation can either control/delay boundary layer separation or lead to global

  10. The Net Zero Energy Residential Test Facility, located at the National Institute of Standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Purpose The Net Zero Energy Residential Test Facility, located at the National Institute of measurement science needed to achieve net- zero energy residential homes. The facility will initially be used's Office of Facilities and Property Management. Net-Zero Energy Residential Test Facility Unique

  11. FY 2013 EL Program Description EL Program: Net-Zero Energy, High-Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magee, Joseph W.

    FY 2013 EL Program Description EL Program: Net-Zero Energy, High-Performance Buildings the measurement science to move the nation towards net-zero energy, high- performance buildings in a cost of net- zero operation by 1) reducing heating and cooling loads within the building, 2) developing

  12. Thesis: Modeling and Evaluation of the NIST Net Zero Energy Residential Test Facility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    Thesis: Modeling and Evaluation of the NIST Net Zero Energy Residential Test Facility Liz Balke M;Motivation · The residential sector consumes over 20% of the total energy use in the U.S. · Net zero energy in building net zero energy houses grows, there is an increased interest in research into optimal residential

  13. Seattle Regulatory Pathways to Net Zero Water Phase 1 status RePoRt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seattle Regulatory Pathways to Net Zero Water Phase 1 status RePoRt prepared for: City of seattle these and other efforts, there remain a number of obstacles for seattle projects that seek net zero water goals at multiple jurisdictional scales to establish policies and pathways for seattle-based projects pursing net

  14. Simple Models of Zero-Net Mass-Flux Jets for Flow Control Simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mittal, Rajat

    Simple Models of Zero-Net Mass-Flux Jets for Flow Control Simulations Reni Raju Dynaflow Inc for modeling the dynamics of zero- net mass-flux (ZNMF) actuators, the computational costs associated-flow model. 1. INTRODUCTION Zero-net mass-flux (ZNMF) actuators or "synthetic jets" have potential

  15. KAUPUNI VILLAGE: A closer look at the first net-zero energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    KAUPUNI VILLAGE: A closer look at the first net-zero energy affordable housing community in Hawai--the first net-zero energy affordable housing community in the state. It has achieved the U.S. Green Building are built to be net-zero energy, but that the entire community was envisioned as a fully self

  16. Polarization of metallic carbon nanotubes from a model that includes both net charges and dipoles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mayer, Alexandre

    computational resources. This time issue is especially important in molecular dynamic simulations, in which both a net electric charge and a dipole. Considering net charges in addition to the dipoles enables one by associating with each atom both a net electric charge and a dipole. From a physical point of view, consid

  17. Planar and Braided ProofNets for Multiplicative Linear Logic with Mix

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bellin, Gianluigi

    in his thesis [8]. There are both logical and geometrical reasons to consider the rule of Mix ` \\GammaPlanar and Braided Proof­Nets for Multiplicative Linear Logic with Mix G. Bellin \\Lambda A of the data. Braided proof­ nets are proof­nets for multiplicative linear logic with Mix embedded in R 3

  18. The Effects of Urbanization on Net Primary Productivity in Southeastern China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montana, University of

    , an expanding urban footprint on the landscape, and a growing take-out rate of net primary productivity (NPPThe Effects of Urbanization on Net Primary Productivity in Southeastern China Dengsheng Lu Abstract Net primary productivity (NPP) is one of the major ecosystem products on which human societies

  19. Modeling and Analysis of Stage Machinery Control Systems by Timed Colored Petri Nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Modeling and Analysis of Stage Machinery Control Systems by Timed Colored Petri Nets Hehua Zhang, is critical to the correctness of a system. Petri nets (PN) have been proven to be a powerful modeling tool Nets (TCPN) are proposed to model and analyze a PLC-based stage machinery control system1

  20. Tracing Genealogical Data with TimeNets Nam Wook Kim, Stuart K. Card, Jeffrey Heer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heer, Jeffrey

    Tracing Genealogical Data with TimeNets Nam Wook Kim, Stuart K. Card, Jeffrey Heer Computer ScienceNets, a new visualization technique for ge- nealogical data. Most genealogical diagrams prioritize the display Interfaces Keywords: Visualization, genealogy, timelines, TimeNets INTRODUCTION The combination of networking

  1. Net Energy Costs of Skylights Peter Kleinhenz, Rizwan Syed, and Kelly Kissock,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kissock, Kelly

    Net Energy Costs of Skylights Peter Kleinhenz, Rizwan Syed, and Kelly Kissock, University of Dayton, it is also useful to consider the net energy costs associated with skylights. This paper describes a methodology for calculating net energy savings from skylights as a function of skylight area, the required

  2. NAO influence on net sea ice production and exchanges in the Arctic region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Aixue

    NAO influence on net sea ice production and exchanges in the Arctic region Aixue Hu National Center of the net sea ice production and the sea ice exchanges between the Arctic and its adjacent seas are studied) is the major factor controlling the net sea ice production in the Arctic region since a thinning ice cover

  3. NAO influence on net sea ice production and exchanges in the Arctic region: a numerical study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Aixue

    NAO influence on net sea ice production and exchanges in the Arctic region: a numerical study Aixue The variability of net sea ice production and sea ice exchange between the Arctic and its adjacent seas export) is the major factor controlling the net sea ice production in the Arctic region since a thinning

  4. Net production of oxygen in the subtropical ocean Stephen C. Riser1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riser, Stephen C.

    LETTERS Net production of oxygen in the subtropical ocean Stephen C. Riser1 & Kenneth S. Johnson2% of the global ocean surface area, are net producers or consumers of oxygen and fixed carbon is a key uncertainty in the global carbon cycle1,2 . Direct measurements in bottle experiments indicate net oxygen con- sumption

  5. SHORT COMMUNICATION Assignment of the Norepinephrine Transporter Protein (NET1) Locus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kidd, Kenneth

    SHORT COMMUNICATION Assignment of the Norepinephrine Transporter Protein (NET1) Locus to Chromosome; revisedJuly 19, 1993 The norepinephrine transporter protein (NET) is the presynaptic reuptake site assignment to chromo- some 16. We then typed a genetic polymorphism at the NET1 locus in three large

  6. FLUCTUATION IN TRAP-NET CATCHES IN THE UPPER MISSISSIPPI RIVER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FLUCTUATION IN TRAP-NET CATCHES IN THE UPPER MISSISSIPPI RIVER if; Marine Biological LabofdiuryKay, Secretary Fish and Wildlife Service, Albert M. Day, Director FLUCTUATION IN TRAP NET CATCHES IN THE UPPER Gear used 3 Methods 5 Statistical considerations 5 Season trends in catch of trap nets 6 Black crappie

  7. Research Paper j Using Petri Net Tools to Study Properties and Dynamics of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubin, Daniel L.

    Research Paper j Using Petri Net Tools to Study Properties and Dynamics of Biological Systems MOR PELEG, PHD, DANIEL RUBIN, MD, MSC, RUSS B. ALTMAN, MD, PHD A b s t r a c t Petri Nets (PNs concurrent dynamic systems is Petri Nets (PNs).1 An advantage of PNs is that they can represent system

  8. HEALTH NET PHARMACY BENEFITS Plan codes WEE and 21B (HMO)1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mullins, Dyche

    HEALTH NET PHARMACY BENEFITS Plan codes WEE and 21B (HMO)1 Plan codes WQQ and 22B (EOA)1 The following is a brief description of your Health Net Pharmacy benefits. PRESCRIPTIONS BY MAIL If your / $70 level III. For complete information, log on as a Health Net member at www.healthnet.com > View

  9. Master Gardener Advisory Committee Members Ed Thralls Advisor Extension Agent ed.thralls@ocfl.net

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jawitz, James W.

    Master Gardener Advisory Committee Members 2014 Ed Thralls Advisor Extension Agent ed.thralls@ocfl.net@me.com Pam Paisley Member Master Gardener pppaisley@earthlink.net Dailey Smith Member Master Gardener pirate45@gmail.com Regina Dunay Member Master Gardener dunayr@earthlink.net Jennifer Helvenston Member

  10. Project ID: 35011 Title: The Floating Net Pen Transportation System Pilot Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Project ID: 35011 Title: The Floating Net Pen Transportation System Pilot Project Sponsor: Columbia sufficient. The proposal does not specify what benefits might be expected from use of net pens relative raceways or other sources to the net pens is discussed in the proposal. The reviewers are aware

  11. THE NET NIGHTS GUIDE How to Create a Career Networking Event in Your Region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    THE NET NIGHTS GUIDE How to Create a Career Networking Event in Your Region Alumni Council in your regional association. It describes a programming template called "Net Nights" that was originally your region is next! Creating a Net Nights program is relatively simple. Follow these guidelines. More

  12. ...2!.J1... .J. J!j btl Great Lakes Gill Net

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ...2!.J1... .J. J!j btl Great Lakes Gill Net AUG1;) 1968 UNITED ST ATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR U.S. FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE BUREAU OF COMMERCIAL FISHERIES Great Lakes Gill Net and cordage Synthetic twines. Cordage . Mesh size Gill net construction Fishing operations . . Setting

  13. DETERMINING THE FRACTAL DIMENSION OF A TIME SERIES WITH A NEURAL NET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danon, Yaron

    DETERMINING THE FRACTAL DIMENSION OF A TIME SERIES WITH A NEURAL NET MARK J. EMBRECHTS AND YARON and require expert interaction for interpreting the calculated fractal dimension. Artificial neural nets (ANN) offer a fast and elegant way to estimate the fractal dimension of a time series. A backpropagation net

  14. MFV Kerrie Marie BM172 (New Net MK 2) sea trials no11: ICES area VIIe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MFV Kerrie Marie BM172 (New Net MK 2) sea trials no11: ICES area VIIe the results John, the Skipper fishing line and replaced it with a traditional 36mm rope fishing line in the new net" (see sea trials No4). "The new net didn't dig into the fishing grounds as much and discards were reduced much more

  15. NAO influence on net sea ice production and exchanges in the Arctic region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Aixue

    NAO influence on net sea ice production and exchanges in the Arctic region Aixue Hu, Claes Rooth and Rainer Bleck February 18, 2003 Abstract The variability of the net sea ice production and the sea ice circulation model. The wind driven divergence (or ice flux export) is the major factor controlling the net sea

  16. THE EFFECTS OF NET ENTANGLEMENT ON THE DRAG AND POWER OUTPUT OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    THE EFFECTS OF NET ENTANGLEMENT ON THE DRAG AND POWER OUTPUT OF A CALIFORNIA SEA LION, ZAWPHUS of entangled northern fur 'Scordino. J., and R. Fisher. 1983. Invelltigations on fur seal entanglement in net of plastic litter on beaches of several Alaskan islands. Using the number of net fragments found on shore

  17. A Dynamic and Context-Driven Benchmarking Framework for Zero-Net-Energy Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pala, Nezih

    A Dynamic and Context-Driven Benchmarking Framework for Zero-Net- Energy Buildings Youngcheol Kang1, there have been various efforts to design and develop zero-net-energy (ZNE) buildings. A ZNE building a significant portion of energy produced in the United States. In order to achieve Zero-Net-Energy (ZNE

  18. Synthesis of General Petri Nets with Localities Maciej Koutny and Marta Pietkiewicz-Koutny

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newcastle upon Tyne, University of

    COMPUTING SCIENCE Synthesis of General Petri Nets with Localities Maciej Koutny and Marta-TR-1195 March, 2010 Synthesis of General Petri Nets with Localities M. Koutny and M. Pietkiewicz behaviours is to use Petri nets with localities where transitions are partitioned into disjoint groups within

  19. Testing Petri Nets for Mobile Robots Using Grbner Bases Angie Chandler1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blair, Lynne

    Testing Petri Nets for Mobile Robots Using Gröbner Bases Angie Chandler1 , Anne Heyworth2 , Lynne becomes greater. This paper discusses the use of Petri nets as a means of modeling and testing the control of a mobile robot, concentrating specifically on the reachability testing of the Petri net model through

  20. A Calculus for Interaction Nets Maribel Fern'andez 1 and Ian Mackie 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernández, Maribel

    A Calculus for Interaction Nets Maribel Fern'andez 1 and Ian Mackie 2 1 LIENS (CNRS UMR 8548), ' Ecole Polytechnique 91128 Palaiseau Cedex, France mackie@lix.polytechnique.fr Abstract. Interaction nets framework. The purpose of this paper is to study a textual calculus for interaction nets, with a formal

  1. Deciding a Class of Path Formulas for ConflictFree Petri Nets \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Bow-Yaw

    Deciding a Class of Path Formulas for Conflict­Free Petri Nets \\Lambda Hsu­Chun Yen y Bow­Yaw Wang results for problems concerning conflict­free Petri nets. To do so, we first define a class of formulas for paths in Petri nets. We then show that answering the satisfiability problem for conflict­ free Petri

  2. Soundness and Separability of Workflow Nets in the Stepwise Refinement Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sidorova, Natalia

    Soundness and Separability of Workflow Nets in the Stepwise Refinement Approach Kees van Hee.sidorova@tue.nl, wsinmarc@win.tue.nl Abstract. Workflow nets are recognized as a modelling paradigm for the business process modelling. We introduce and investigate several cor- rectness notions for workflow nets, ranging from proper

  3. Soundness and Separability of Workflow Nets in the Stepwise Refinement Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sidorova, Natalia

    Soundness and Separability of Workflow Nets in the Stepwise Refinement Approach Kees van Hee.sidorova@tue.nl, wsinmarc@win.tue.nl Abstract. Workflow nets are recognized as a modelling paradigm for the business process modelling. We introduce and investigate several cor­ rectness notions for workflow nets, ranging from proper

  4. Latent Learning in Deep Neural Nets Steven Gutstein, Olac Fuentes and Eric Freudenthal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fuentes, Olac

    Latent Learning in Deep Neural Nets Steven Gutstein, Olac Fuentes and Eric Freudenthal Abstract of transfer learning. We utilize latent learning to enable a deep neural net to dis- tinguish among a set-mean' classification technique, which is explained later in this paper. The deep neural net architecture used was a Le

  5. Creation of Lexical Relations for IndoWordNet Ashish Narang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Creation of Lexical Relations for IndoWordNet Ashish Narang CSED, Thapar University Patiala India.bhatia@thapar.edu Abstract WordNet is an electronic lexical database available on-line as a powerful resource to the researchers in the area of computational linguistics, text processing and other related areas. WordNet

  6. A class of Petri nets for modeling and analyzing business processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Aalst, Wil

    A class of Petri nets for modeling and analyzing business processes W.M.P. van der Aalst Department of Petri nets suitable for the representation, validation and verification of these procedures. We will show that the correctness of a procedure represented by such a Petri net can be verified in polynomial

  7. Verification of Workflow Nets W.M.P. van der Aalst

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Aalst, Wil

    Verification of Workflow Nets W.M.P. van der Aalst Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513 we focus on a class of Petri nets suitable for the representation, validation and verification of these proce- dures. We will show that the correctness of a procedure represented by such a Petri net can

  8. University of Newcastle upon Tyne Processes of Petri Nets with Localities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newcastle upon Tyne, University of

    University of Newcastle upon Tyne COMPUTING SCIENCE Processes of Petri Nets with Localities H OF #12;TECHNICAL REPORT SERIES No. CS-TR-941 January, 2006 Processes of Petri Nets with Localities H.C.M.Kleijn, M.Koutny and G.Rozenberg Abstract We consider a class of Petri nets suitable for the modelling

  9. Variants of the Language Based Synthesis Problem for Petri Nets Sebastian Mauser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desel, Jörg

    Variants of the Language Based Synthesis Problem for Petri Nets Sebastian Mauser Department.lorenz@informatik.uni-augsburg.de Abstract The application of synthesis of Petri nets from languages for practical problems has recently in realistic settings, because usually it is not asked for plain-vanilla Petri net synthesis, but specific ad

  10. A Simulation Technique for Performance Analysis of Generic Petri Net Models of Computer Systems1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cintra, Marcelo

    A Simulation Technique for Performance Analysis of Generic Petri Net Models of Computer Systems1 Abstract Many timed extensions for Petri nets have been proposed in the literature, but their analytical solutions impose limitations on the time distributions and the net topology. To overcome these limitations

  11. A NEW DEFINITION OF MORPHISM ON PETRI NETS A Preliminary Version ~J\\A\\^^ S cf

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winskel, Glynn

    A NEW DEFINITION OF MORPHISM ON PETRI NETS A Preliminary Version ~J\\A\\^^ S cf by Glynn Winskel. Petri nets are a fundamental model of concurrent processes and have a wide range of applications be argued that the main effort and success of Petri Net Theory has been in developing techniques for showing

  12. Extending G-Nets to Support Inheritance Modeling in Concurrent Object-Oriented Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Haiping

    Extending G-Nets to Support Inheritance Modeling in Concurrent Object-Oriented Design Haiping Xu and Sol M. Shatz The University of Illinois at Chicago Chicago, IL, 60607 Abstract G-Nets are a type of Petri net defined to support modeling of system as a set of independent and loosely-coupled modules

  13. Values of Stakeholders in the Net Neutrality Debate: Applying Content Analysis to Telecommunications Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oard, Doug

    Values of Stakeholders in the Net Neutrality Debate: Applying Content Analysis@surugadai.ac.jp Abstract Net neutrality is an important telecommunications policy debate. This debate is closely tied' positions on this debate. This paper examines the role of values in shaping the Net neutrality debate

  14. Interchange Format for Hybrid Systems: Abstract Semantics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carloni, Luca

    used by the algorithms. Modelica, for instance, pro- vides a language for describing systems in terms

  15. Interchange turbulence simulations for JET relevant parameters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Culham Science center, Abingdon UK W. Fundamenski et al, subm. NF (2006) IEA Large Tokamak IA Workshop on Edge Transport in Fusion Plasmas #12;IEA Large Tokamak IA Workshop on Edge Transport in Fusion Plasmas from first principal #12;IEA Large Tokamak IA Workshop on Edge Transport in Fusion Plasmas ESEL code

  16. Consolidated periphery : commercial and highway interchange

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGrath, Christine L. (Christine Lynn)

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Highway expansion legislation has been a significant catalyst for suburban development. Initially funded for military mobilization in the 1930s , later massively extended in the 1950s, today's highway system, together with ...

  17. StreamNet, 1999-2000 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schmidt, Bruce; Roger, Phil; Butterfield, Bart (Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission, Gladstone, OR)

    2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The StreamNet Project is a cooperative project that provides basic fishery management data in a consistent format across the Columbia Basin region, with some data from outside the region. Specific categories of data are acquired from the multiple data generating agencies in the Columbia Basin, converted into a standardized data exchange format (DEF) and distributed to fish researchers, managers and decision makers directly or through an on-line data retrieval system (www.streamnet.org). The project is funded by the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) as part of the Northwest Power Planning Council's (NWPPC) Fish and Wildlife Program. This cooperative effort is composed of a region-wide project administered by the Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission (PSMFC) that is responsible for project management, regional data management and data delivery (Region), plus seven contributing projects within the data generating entities: Columbia River Intertribal Fish Commission (CRITFC); Idaho Department of Fish and Game (IDFG); Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks (MFWP); Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW); Shoshone-Bannock Tribes; U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS); and Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW). The contributing projects are funded through the StreamNet contract but work within their respective agencies and are referred to here as the agency's StreamNet project (for example, ''IDFG StreamNet'' for Idaho's project). The StreamNet Project provides an important link in the chain of data flow in the Columbia Basin, with specific emphasis on data collected routinely over time by management agencies. Basic fish related data are collected in the field by the various state, tribal and federal agencies in the basin for purposes related to each agency's individual mission and responsibility. As a result, there often is a lack of standardization among agencies in field methodology or data management. To be able to utilize data for comparison or analysis over the entire basin from multiple agencies, it is necessary to standardize the data to the degree possible so that like-data are equivalent over jurisdictional lines. Since the data are not collected in a standardized way, StreamNet fulfills that role by acquiring the data sets and converting the data from all agencies into the standardized DEF. Where field methodologies differ to the degree that the data can not be made comparable, the data are presented as different data types. This way, data are converted only once and made available for research, management and administrative purposes instead of forcing each person needing basin wide data to attempt data standardization individually.

  18. An ensemble CCDAS method to derive the full probabilityAn ensemble CCDAS method to derive the full probability distribution of the global net COdistribution of the global net CO22 fluxflux

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    probability distribution of the global net COdistribution of the global net CO22 fluxflux Tilo Ziehn, Marko to their a priori mean and standard deviation. This provides us with monthly fields of the net primary productivity are propagated forward using the Jacobian model code to obtain the uncertainty in the net ecosystem productivity

  19. Contexto Actual y Futuro de la Nucleoelectricidad Instrumentos de Poltica Ambiental en los Mercados Elctricos Liberalizados de

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

    revisión de los efectos de la liberalización sobre el impacto ambiental de los sistemas eléctricos; (2) el análisis y la comparación de metodologías para la evaluación del impacto ambiental de los sistemasContexto Actual y Futuro de la Nucleoelectricidad Instrumentos de Política Ambiental en los

  20. Net Fisher information measure versus ionization potential and dipole polarizability in atoms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. D. Sen; C. P. Panos; K. Ch. Chatzisavvas; Ch. C. Moustakidis

    2006-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The net Fisher information measure, defined as the product of position and momentum Fisher information measures and derived from the non-relativistic Hartree-Fock wave functions for atoms with Z=1-102, is found to correlate well with the inverse of the experimental ionization potential. Strong direct correlations of the net Fisher information are also reported for the static dipole polarizability of atoms with Z=1-88. The complexity measure, defined as the ratio of the net Onicescu information measure and net Fisher information, exhibits clearly marked regions corresponding to the periodicity of the atomic shell structure. The reported correlations highlight the need for using the net information measures in addition to either the position or momentum space analogues. With reference to the correlation of the experimental properties considered here, the net Fisher information measure is found to be superior than the net Shannon information entropy.