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1

National Energy Modeling System (NEMS)  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

The National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) is a computer-based, energy-economy modeling system of U.S. through 2030. NEMS projects the production, imports, conversion, consumption, and prices of energy, subject to assumptions on macroeconomic and financial factors, world energy markets, resource availability and costs, behavioral and technological choice criteria, cost and performance characteristics of energy technologies, and demographics. NEMS was designed and implemented by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). NEMS can be used to analyze the effects of existing and proposed government laws and regulations related to energy production and use; the potential impact of new and advanced energy production, conversion, and consumption technologies; the impact and cost of greenhouse gas control; the impact of increased use of renewable energy sources; and the potential savings from increased efficiency of energy use; and the impact of regulations on the use of alternative or reformulated fuels. NEMS has also been used for a number of special analyses at the request of the Administration, U.S. Congress, other offices of DOE and other government agencies, who specify the scenarios and assumptions for the analysis. Modules allow analyses to be conducted in energy topic areas such as residential demand, industrial demand, electricity market, oil and gas supply, renewable fuels, etc.

2

NEMS industrial module documentation report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The NEMS Industrial Demand Model is a dynamic accounting model, bringing together the disparate industries and uses of energy in those industries, and putting them together in an understandable and cohesive framework. The Industrial Model generates mid-term (up to the year 2010) forecasts of industrial sector energy demand as a component of the NEMS integrated forecasting system. From the NEMS system, the Industrial Model receives fuel prices, employment data, and the value of output of industrial activity. Based on the values of these variables, the Industrial Model passes back to the NEMS system estimates of consumption by fuel types.

Not Available

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Essays in macroeconomics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis examines questions in macroeconomics motivated by the 2007-2008 financial crisis and its aftermath. Chapter 1 studies the impact of a housing bust on regional labor reallocation and the labor market. I document ...

Nenov, Plamen T. (Plamen Toshkov)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Integrated NEMS and optoelectronics for sensor applications.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This work utilized advanced engineering in several fields to find solutions to the challenges presented by the integration of MEMS/NEMS with optoelectronics to realize a compact sensor system, comprised of a microfabricated sensor, VCSEL, and photodiode. By utilizing microfabrication techniques in the realization of the MEMS/NEMS component, the VCSEL and the photodiode, the system would be small in size and require less power than a macro-sized component. The work focused on two technologies, accelerometers and microphones, leveraged from other LDRD programs. The first technology was the nano-g accelerometer using a nanophotonic motion detection system (67023). This accelerometer had measured sensitivity of approximately 10 nano-g. The Integrated NEMS and optoelectronics LDRD supported the nano-g accelerometer LDRD by providing advanced designs for the accelerometers, packaging, and a detection scheme to encapsulate the accelerometer, furthering the testing capabilities beyond bench-top tests. A fully packaged and tested die was never realized, but significant packaging issues were addressed and many resolved. The second technology supported by this work was the ultrasensitive directional microphone arrays for military operations in urban terrain and future combat systems (93518). This application utilized a diffraction-based sensing technique with different optical component placement and a different detection scheme from the nano-g accelerometer. The Integrated NEMS LDRD supported the microphone array LDRD by providing custom designs, VCSELs, and measurement techniques to accelerometers that were fabricated from the same operational principles as the microphones, but contain proof masses for acceleration transduction. These devices were packaged at the end of the work.

Czaplewski, David A.; Serkland, Darwin Keith; Olsson, Roy H., III; Bogart, Gregory R. (Symphony Acoustics, Rio Rancho, NM); Krishnamoorthy, Uma; Warren, Mial E.; Carr, Dustin Wade (Symphony Acoustics, Rio Rancho, NM); Okandan, Murat; Peterson, Kenneth Allen

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

NEMS Buildings Sector Working Group Meeting  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year2per ThousandWellhead+WellheadMr.NEMS Buildings

6

How to obtain the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) NEMS is used by the modelers at the U. S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) who understand its structure and programming. NEMS has only been used by a few organizations outside of the EIA, because most people that requested NEMS found out that it was too difficult or rigid to use. NEMS is not typically used for state-level analysis and is poorly suited for application to other countries. However, many do obtain the model simply to use the data in its input files or to examine the source code.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Essays in macroeconomics and experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation consists of four chapters on empirical and experimental macroeconomics and other experimental topics. Chapter 1 uses a laboratory experiment to test the predictions of a dynamic global game designed to ...

Shurchkov, Olga

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Essays on liquidity in macroeconomics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis includes four essays on the macroeconomic effects of financial market imperfections. The first essay studies the incentives for banks that participate in an interbank market to keep a sufficient level of reserves. ...

Lorenzoni, Guido

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

U.S. Regional Demand Forecasts Using NEMS and GIS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) is a multi-sector, integrated model of the U.S. energy system put out by the Department of Energy's Energy Information Administration. NEMS is used to produce the annual 20-year forecast of U.S. energy use aggregated to the nine-region census division level. The research objective was to disaggregate this regional energy forecast to the county level for select forecast years, for use in a more detailed and accurate regional analysis of energy usage across the U.S. The process of disaggregation using a geographic information system (GIS) was researched and a model was created utilizing available population forecasts and climate zone data. The model's primary purpose was to generate an energy demand forecast with greater spatial resolution than what is currently produced by NEMS, and to produce a flexible model that can be used repeatedly as an add-on to NEMS in which detailed analysis can be executed exogenously with results fed back into the NEMS data flow. The methods developed were then applied to the study data to obtain residential and commercial electricity demand forecasts. The model was subjected to comparative and statistical testing to assess predictive accuracy. Forecasts using this model were robust and accurate in slow-growing, temperate regions such as the Midwest and Mountain regions. Interestingly, however, the model performed with less accuracy in the Pacific and Northwest regions of the country where population growth was more active. In the future more refined methods will be necessary to improve the accuracy of these forecasts. The disaggregation method was written into a flexible tool within the ArcGIS environment which enables the user to output the results in five year intervals over the period 2000-2025. In addition, the outputs of this tool were used to develop a time-series simulation showing the temporal changes in electricity forecasts in terms of absolute, per capita, and density of demand.

Cohen, Jesse A.; Edwards, Jennifer L.; Marnay, Chris

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Essays in macroeconomics and corporate finance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis examines questions at the intersection of macroeconomics and finance. Chapter 1 studies the persistent effects of a decrease in firms' ability to borrow. I develop a tractable model of deleveraging that emphasizes ...

Goldberg, Jonathan E. (Jonathan Elliot)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Essays on macroeconomic risks and stock prices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, I study the relationship between macroeconomic risks and asset prices. In the first chapter, I establish that inflation risk is priced in the cross-section of stock returns: stocks that have low returns ...

Duarte, Fernando Manuel

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Essays on political institutions and macroeconomics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation consists of three chapters on the interaction of political institutions and macroeconomic activity in dynamic environments. Chapter 1 studies the optimal management of taxes and debt in a framework which ...

Yared, Pierre

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Essays in International Macroeconomics and Forecasting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This dissertation contains three essays in international macroeconomics and financial time series forecasting. In the first essay, I show, numerically, that a two-country New-Keynesian Sticky Prices model, driven by monetary and productivity shocks...

Bejarano Rojas, Jesus Antonio

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

14

Assessment and Suggestions to Improve the Commercial Building Module of EIA-NEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) is a comprehensive, computer-based, energy-economy modeling system developed and maintained by the Department of Energy's Energy Information Administration (EIA). NEMS forecasts the national production...

O'Neal, D. L.; Reddy, T. A.; Sucher, B.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

NBER WORKING PAPER SERIES MACROECONOMIC INTERDEPENDENCE OF  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.S.; (2) the macroeco- nomic implications of a protectionist tariff imposed by the U.S.; and (3) the scope be the macroeconomic implications of a protectionist tariff imposed by the U.S.? Finally, what is the scope for policy

16

WAGES, FLEXIBLE EXCHANGE RATES, AND MACROECONOMIC POLICY*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WAGES, FLEXIBLE EXCHANGE RATES, AND MACROECONOMIC POLICY* JEFFREY SACHS In an open economy with a floaLing exchange rate, the efficacy of fiscal and monetary policy depends fundamentally on the wage rate depreciation, while fiscal expansion has no output effect. These results hold only when real wages

17

Price Responsiveness in the AEO2003 NEMS Residential and Commercial Buildings Sector Models  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This paper describes the demand responses to changes in energy prices in the Annual Energy Outlook 2003 versions of the Residential and Commercial Demand Modules of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). It updates a similar paper completed for the Annual Energy Outlook 1999 version of the NEMS.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Nano-Electro-Mechanical (NEM) Relay Devices and Technology for Ultra-Low Energy Digital Integrated Circuits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Technology 3.1 Introduction Nano-electro-mechanical (NEM)improvements, a scaled nano-relay technology with optimizedNano-Electro-Mechanical (NEM) Relay Devices and Technology

Nathanael, Rhesa

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

A sensitivity analysis of the treatment of wind energy in the AEO99 version of NEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Documentation Report: Wind Energy Submodule (WES). DOE/EIA-The Economic Value of Wind Energy at High Power SystemOF THE TREATMENT OF WIND ENERGY IN THE AEO99 VERSION OF NEMS

Osborn, Julie G.; Wood, Frances; Richey, Cooper; Sanders, Sandy; Short, Walter; Koomey, Jonathan

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Recycling Guide: Reduce, Reuse, Recycle Recycling Information Call 301-496-7990 or visit the NEMS Website at http://www.nems.nih.gov  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recycling Guide: Reduce, Reuse, Recycle Recycling Information ­ Call 301-496-7990 or visit the NEMS in COMMINGLED bin Rinse food/beverage containers before recycling No Pyrex or Styrofoam Printer and Copier Toner Cartridges in TONER CARTRIDGE bin Recycle packaging material in appropriate bin NIH charities

Baker, Chris I.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nems key macroeconomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Essays on the stock market's reaction to macroeconomic news  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Macroeconomic News Variables 21. PCE, M/M %Change, (SAAR, %)Capacity Utilization Rate 21. PCE 20. New Home Sales 24. NewAdv. Durables Investment 21. PCE 20. New Home Sales R 2 19.

Cenesizoglu, Tolga

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Long Run Macroeconomic Relations in the Global Economy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper focuses on testing long run macroeconomic relations for interest rates, equity, prices and exchange rates within a model of the global economy. It considers a number of plausible long run relationships suggested by arbitrage in financial...

Dees, S; Holly, Sean; Pesaran, M Hashem; Smith, L Vanessa

23

14.452 Macroeconomic Theory II, Spring 2002  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The basic machines of macroeconomics. Ramsey, Solow, Samuelson-Diamond, RBCs, ISLM, Mundell-Fleming, Fischer-Taylor. How they work, what shortcuts they take, and how they can be used. Half-term subject. From the course ...

Blanchard, Olivier (Olivier J.)

24

The Declining Equity Premium: What Role Does Macroeconomic Risk Play?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-dividend and price-earnings ratios remain well above their historical norms. More formally, the recent run of Pennsylvania and NBER Aggregate stock prices, relative to virtually any indicator of fundamental value, soared historical norms. Why? We consider one particular explanation: a fall in macroeconomic risk

Kahana, Michael J.

25

Introduction to Macroeconomic Dynamics Special Issue on Oil Price Shocks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introduction to Macroeconomic Dynamics Special Issue on Oil Price Shocks Apostolos Serletisy in macroeconometrics and ...nancial econometrics to investigate the e¤ects of oil price shocks and uncertainty about the price of oil on the level of economic activity. JEL classi...cation: G31, E32, C32. Keywords: Oil price

Garousi, Vahid

26

Comparison of Bottom-Up and Top-Down Forecasts: Vision Industry Energy Forecasts with ITEMS and NEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comparisons are made of energy forecasts using results from the Industrial module of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) and an industrial economic-engineering model called the Industrial Technology and Energy Modeling System (ITEMS), a model...

Roop, J. M.; Dahowski, R. T

27

NEM modication prevents high-anity ATP binding to the rst nucleotide binding fold of the sulphonylurea receptor, SUR1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NEM modi¢cation prevents high-a¤nity ATP binding to the ¢rst nucleotide binding fold, UK Received 7 July 1999; received in revised form 11 August 1999 Abstract Pancreatic LL-cell ATP WWM 8-azido- [KK-32 P]ATP or 8-azido-[QQ-32 P]ATP was inhibited by NEM with Ki of 1.8 WWM and 2.4 WWM

Tucker, Stephen J.

28

Appendix E: Other NEMS-MP results for the base case and scenarios.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The NEMS-MP model generates numerous results for each run of a scenario. (This model is the integrated National Energy Modeling System [NEMS] version used for the Multi-Path Transportation Futures Study [MP].) This appendix examines additional findings beyond the primary results reported in the Multi-Path Transportation Futures Study: Vehicle Characterization and Scenario Analyses (Reference 1). These additional results are provided in order to help further illuminate some of the primary results. Specifically discussed in this appendix are: (1) Energy use results for light vehicles (LVs), including details about the underlying total vehicle miles traveled (VMT), the average vehicle fuel economy, and the volumes of the different fuels used; (2) Resource fuels and their use in the production of ethanol, hydrogen (H{sub 2}), and electricity; (3) Ethanol use in the scenarios (i.e., the ethanol consumption in E85 vs. other blends, the percent of travel by flex fuel vehicles on E85, etc.); (4) Relative availability of E85 and H2 stations; (5) Fuel prices; (6) Vehicle prices; and (7) Consumer savings. These results are discussed as follows: (1) The three scenarios (Mixed, (P)HEV & Ethanol, and H2 Success) when assuming vehicle prices developed through literature review; (2) The three scenarios with vehicle prices that incorporate the achievement of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) program vehicle cost goals; (3) The three scenarios with 'literature review' vehicle prices, plus vehicle subsidies; and (4) The three scenarios with 'program goals' vehicle prices, plus vehicle subsidies. The four versions or cases of each scenario are referred to as: Literature Review No Subsidies, Program Goals No Subsidies, Literature Review with Subsidies, and Program Goals with Subsidies. Two additional points must be made here. First, none of the results presented for LVs in this section include Class 2B trucks. Results for this class are included occasionally in Reference 1. They represent a small, though noticeable, segment of the 'LV plus 2B' market (e.g., a little more than 3% of today's energy use in that market). We generally do not include them in this discussion, simply because it requires additional effort to combine the NEMS-MP results for them with the results for the other LVs. (Where there is an exception, we will indicate so.) Second, where reference is made to E85, the ethanol content is actually 74%. The Energy Information Administration (EIA) assumes that, to address cold-starting issues, the percent of ethanol in E85 will vary seasonally. The EIA uses an annual average ethanol content of 74% in its forecasts. That assumption is maintained in the NEMS-MP scenario runs.

Plotkin, S. E.; Singh, M. K.; Energy Systems

2009-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

29

Overview of NEMS-H2, Version 1.0 | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L d F SSales LLCDieselEnergy Joining ActivitiesNEMS-H2, Version 1.0

30

An Econometric Model of the Yield Curve With Macroeconomic Jump Effects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kenneth Singleton (1997). An Econometric Model of the TermDiscretely-Sampled Data. Econometric Theory 4, pp. 231-An Econometric Model of the Yield Curve with Macroeconomic

Piazzesi, Monika

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Transportation technology transitions and macroeconomic growth -- Contemporary evidence  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents international and temporal extensions of evidence for a theory developed by the author concerning the interaction of transportation technology transitions and macroeconomic growth. The period 1970 to the present is examined for the nations of Japan, the US, and Europe (France, Germany, Italy and the United Kingdom collectively). An addition to the abstract logic supporting the general arguments of the theory is also presented. The theory has been developed concerning the role of significant transportation technology transitions as a cause of significant macroeconomic declines in nations for which the manufacture of transportation vehicles (ships, locomotives, and automobiles) is a dominant economic activity. The theory offers an explanation for periods of pronounced multiyear decline in economic growth rate--sometimes called depressions and sometimes called stagnations. One purpose of this paper is to explore whether or not Japan and Europe have each recently experienced a multiyear event of this type. In the theory and the evidence presented for it, environmental regulation of transportation vehicles has been shown to be an initiating cause of significant technical change, with sharp, sustained fuel price increases being a second frequent initiating cause. These causes of significant technical change, and their possible consequences, are potentially important considerations for those proposing policies to deal with global warming, since both fuel economy regulation and fuel price increases have been recommended by policy analysts as means to reduce transportation`s contribution to global warming. The theory has been offered and supported by publications developing mathematical models and examining US historical evidence consistent with the theory.

Santini, D.J.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

32

Monday 16 June 09:30 Macroeconomics. 14:30 Advanced Econometrics 1 (2 hours).  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Monday 16 June 09:30 Macroeconomics. 14:30 Advanced Econometrics 1 (2 hours). Tuesday 17 June 09 2 (2 hours). 14:30 Advanced Econometrics 2 (2 hours). Friday 20 June 09:30 Advanced Microeconomics 1

Oxford, University of

33

AgentAgent--Based Computational ModelingBased Computational Modeling and Macroeconomicsand Macroeconomics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

experimental study of macroeconomic systems #12;3 Macro regularities arise from local interactions among micro of interaction networks;Endogenous formation of interaction networks; AutonomyAutonomy (self-activation and self

Tesfatsion, Leigh

34

Course title: Sustainable Development and Macroeconomics Lecturer: Dina Barbian, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Course title: Sustainable Development and Macroeconomics Lecturer: Dina Barbian, University: 9-11.30 Introduction to the topic and the case studies Sustainable Development Definition and History Lecture Notes Tuesday: 9-11.30 Sustainable Development and Economic Growth Searching for a new way

35

Estimating the Macroeconomic Rebound Effect in China1 Jiangshan Zhang and C.-Y. Cynthia Lin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as follows: 1 1 direct indirectF FF R , (1) #12;where R denotes the rebound effect; F denotes energy Abstract The rebound effect measures the fraction of an energy efficiency improvement that is offset by increased energy consumption. In this paper we use three methods to estimate the macroeconomic rebound

Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

36

The macroeconomic effects of oil price shocks : why are the 2000s so different from the 1920s?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We characterize the macroeconomic performance of a set of industrialized economies in the aftermath of the oil price shocks of the 1970s and of the last decade, focusing on the differences across episodes. We examine four ...

Blanchard, Olivier

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Net Energy Metering (NEM)  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGY TAXBalanced Scorecard Federal2Energy Second QuarterRate principles must Include

38

Approved Module Information for BS3365, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Macroeconomics Policy Module Code: BS3365  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on macroeconomic policies 3 Oil and the macroeconomy ? Causes of oil price changes ? Oil prices; investment and depreciation ? Steady state ? Numerical examples 5 Economic Growth 2 ? Savings and investment Direct Investment and Policy (Professor Nigel Driffield) ? Benefits of FDI ? Aspects to FDI Policy

Neirotti, Juan Pablo

39

Public Key Cryptography and Key Management  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The use and management of certificate-based public key cryptography for the Department of Energy (DOE) requires the establishment of a public key infrastructure (PKI). This chapter defines the policy related to roles, requirements, and responsibilities for establishing and maintaining a DOE PKI and the documentation necessary to ensure that all certificates are managed in a manner that maintains the overall trust required to support a viable PKI. Canceled by DOE N 251.112.

2000-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

40

Key Milestones/Outlook  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Key Milestones/Outlook per the Department of Energy 2015 Congressional Budget Request, Environmental Management, March 2014

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nems key macroeconomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Quantum dense key distribution  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper proposes a protocol for quantum dense key distribution. This protocol embeds the benefits of a quantum dense coding and a quantum key distribution and is able to generate shared secret keys four times more efficiently than the Bennet-Brassard 1984 protocol. We hereinafter prove the security of this scheme against individual eavesdropping attacks, and we present preliminary experimental results, showing its feasibility.

Degiovanni, I.P.; Ruo Berchera, I.; Castelletto, S.; Rastello, M.L.; Bovino, F.A.; Colla, A.M.; Castagnoli, G. [Istituto Elettrotecnico Nazionale G. Ferraris, Strada delle Cacce 91, 10135 Torino (Italy); ELSAG SpA, Via Puccini 2, 16154, Genova (Italy)

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Key Events Timeline  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This document lists key events beginning with the April 20 fire on the Deepwater Horizon through July 28th. Updated July 28, 2010.

43

Optical key system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical key system comprises a battery-operated optical key and an isolated lock that derives both its operating power and unlock signals from the correct optical key. A light emitting diode or laser diode is included within the optical key and is connected to transmit a bit-serial password. The key user physically enters either the code-to-transmit directly, or an index to a pseudorandom number code, in the key. Such person identification numbers can be retained permanently, or ephemeral. When a send button is pressed, the key transmits a beam of light modulated with the password information. The modulated beam of light is received by a corresponding optical lock with a photovoltaic cell that produces enough power from the beam of light to operate a password-screen digital logic. In one application, an acceptable password allows a two watt power laser diode to pump ignition and timing information over a fiberoptic cable into a sealed engine compartment. The receipt of a good password allows the fuel pump, spark, and starter systems to each operate. Therefore, bypassing the lock mechanism as is now routine with automobile thieves is pointless because the engine is so thoroughly disabled.

Hagans, Karla G. (Livermore, CA); Clough, Robert E. (Danville, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Cryptographic Key Management System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the outcome of U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) contract DE-OE0000543, requesting the design of a Cryptographic Key Management System (CKMS) for the secure management of cryptographic keys for the energy sector infrastructure. Prime contractor Sypris Electronics, in collaboration with Oak Ridge National Laboratories (ORNL), Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), Valicore Technologies, and Purdue University's Center for Education and Research in Information Assurance and Security (CERIAS) and Smart Meter Integration Laboratory (SMIL), has designed, developed and evaluated the CKMS solution. We provide an overview of the project in Section 3, review the core contributions of all contractors in Section 4, and discuss bene#12;ts to the DOE in Section 5. In Section 6 we describe the technical construction of the CKMS solution, and review its key contributions in Section 6.9. Section 7 describes the evaluation and demonstration of the CKMS solution in different environments. We summarize the key project objectives in Section 8, list publications resulting from the project in Section 9, and conclude with a discussion on commercialization in Section 10 and future work in Section 11.

No, author

2014-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

45

ARM - Key Science Questions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc Documentation RUC : XDCResearch Related Information Collaborations Meetings ofgovScienceKey

46

European Economic Review 18 11982)243-248. Norfh-Holle,nd Publishing Company THE OIL SHOCKS AND MACROECONOMIC ADJUSTMEN'F IN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the oil price increases a~d pre-ta~: profitability remained strong throughout the 1970s. Demand factorsEuropean Economic Review 18 11982)243-248. Norfh-Holle,nd Publishing Company THE OIL SHOCKS importance of supply versus demand factors in r,x:ent U.S. macroeconomic history remains in strong dispute

47

NETL: Key Staff  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recovery challengeMultiscaleLogos NERSCJeffreyKey Actions forEnergy Systems

48

Key recycling in authentication  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In their seminal work on authentication, Wegman and Carter propose that to authenticate multiple messages, it is sufficient to reuse the same hash function as long as each tag is encrypted with a one-time pad. They argue that because the one-time pad is perfectly hiding, the hash function used remains completely unknown to the adversary. Since their proof is not composable, we revisit it using a composable security framework. It turns out that the above argument is insufficient: if the adversary learns whether a corrupted message was accepted or rejected, information about the hash function is leaked, and after a bounded finite amount of rounds it is completely known. We show however that this leak is very small: Wegman and Carter's protocol is still $\\epsilon$-secure, if $\\epsilon$-almost strongly universal$_2$ hash functions are used. This implies that the secret key corresponding to the choice of hash function can be reused in the next round of authentication without any additional error than this $\\epsilon$. We also show that if the players have a mild form of synchronization, namely that the receiver knows when a message should be received, the key can be recycled for any arbitrary task, not only new rounds of authentication.

Christopher Portmann

2014-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

49

Key-shift transmission  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A key-shift transmission is described, characterized by the speed-change shaft being divided into a pair of trough-shaped shaft halves each having an arched inner surface which defines a part of a cylindrical bore extending axially through the speed-change shaft thereby the shaft being formed into a hollow shaft, and by each of the shaft halves including a pair of flattened end surfaces which extend axially of each shaft half at both sides of the inner surface, one of the end surfaces having thereon an axially elongated projection and the other of the end surfaces having herein an axially elongated recess of a depth smaller than the height of the projection. The pair of shaft halves are engaged to each other co-rotatably by fitting the projections of the respective shaft halves into the recesses of the respective shaft halves so as to form in an outer surface of the speed-change shaft a pair of elongated axial grooves which are located radially outwardly of the elongated projections of the respective shaft halves and between the flattened end surfaces of the respective shaft halves. A pair of the shift keys are disposed within the pair of elongated axial grooves.

Nemoto, S.

1989-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

50

Quantum key distribution with key extracted from basis information  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In conventional quantum key distribution protocols, the secure key is normally extracted from the measurement outcomes of the system. Here, a different approach is proposed, where the secure key is extracted from the measurement bases, rather than outcomes. Compared to the original Bennett-Brassard-1984 protocol, the proposed protocol involves no hardware change but modifications in data postprocessing. We show that this protocol is more robust against detector efficiency attacks and photon-number-splitting attacks when practical detectors and photon sources are used.

Xiongfeng Ma

2014-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

51

Tomography increases key rates of quantum-key-distribution protocols  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct a practically implementable classical processing for the BB84 protocol and the six-state protocol that fully utilizes the accurate channel estimation method, which is also known as the quantum tomography. Our proposed processing yields at least as high key rate as the standard processing by Shor and Preskill. We show two examples of quantum channels over which the key rate of our proposed processing is strictly higher than the standard processing. In the second example, the BB84 protocol with our proposed processing yields a positive key rate even though the so-called error rate is higher than the 25% limit.

Shun Watanabe; Ryutaroh Matsumoto; Tomohiko Uyematsu

2008-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

52

The LOFAR Transients Key Project  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LOFAR, the Low Frequency Array, is a new radio telescope under construction in the Netherlands, designed to operate between 30 and 240 MHz. The Transients Key Project is one of the four Key Science Projects which comprise the core LOFAR science case. The remit of the Transients Key Project is to study variable and transient radio sources detected by LOFAR, on timescales from milliseconds to years. This will be achieved via both regular snapshot monitoring of historical and newly-discovered radio variables and, most radically, the development of a `Radio Sky Monitor' which will survey a large fraction of the northern sky on a daily basis.

Rob Fender; Robert Braun; Ben Stappers; Ralph Wijers; Michael Wise; Thijs Coenen; Heino Falcke; Jean-Mathias Griessmeier; Michiel van Haarlem; Peter Jonker; Casey Law; Sera Markoff; Joseph Masters; James Miller-Jones; Rachel Osten; Bart Scheers; Hanno Spreeuw; John Swinbank; Corina Vogt; Rudy Wijnands; Philippe Zarka

2006-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

53

Key Issues | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeatMulti-Dimensionalthe10 DOEWashington, DC 20585on253.16582104)Key Issues Key Issues

54

Key Activities | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGY TAX POLICIES7.pdfFuel2007 | Department7JanuaryWASTE-TO-ENERGY:About » KeyKey

55

Key Activities | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGY TAX POLICIES7.pdfFuel2007 | Department7JanuaryWASTE-TO-ENERGY:About » KeyKeyAbout the

56

Monroe County Extension Services Key West Office  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Services: 305-295-1010 Florida Keys Electric Co-op: 305-852-2431 Monroe County Roads & Bridges-292-4501 http://monroe.ifas.ufl.edu Key Largo Office: 102050 Overseas Highway, Room 244 City and County Tree Lower Keys: 305-797-4929 Upper Keys: 305-852-7161 Contact local tree services throughout the Keys

Jawitz, James W.

57

Key-Insulated Symmetric Key Cryptography and Mitigating Attacks against Cryptographic Cloud Software  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Key-Insulated Symmetric Key Cryptography and Mitigating Attacks against Cryptographic Cloud- sociated cryptographic keys in their entirety. In this paper, we investigate key-insulated symmetric key. To illustrate the feasibility of key-insulated symmetric key cryptography, we also report a proof

Dodis, Yevgeniy

58

Essays in macroeconomics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2.2.4 Multivariate GARCH . . . . . . . . . .US quarterly growth volatility: GARCH(1,1) . . . . . . . .to output volatility: GARCH(1,1) . . Correlation with US

Daula, Thomas Anthony; Daula, Thomas Anthony

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Macroeconomic Activity Module  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

explain the growth in GDP: the growth rate of nonfarm employment and the rate of productivity change associated with employment. As Table 2.1 indicates, in the Reference case,...

60

Macroeconomic Activity Module  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

explain the growth in GDP: the growth rate of nonfarm employment and the rate of productivity change associated with employment. As Table 2.1 indicates, real GDP growth slows...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nems key macroeconomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Essays in Macroeconomic Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-2- -3- A mis padres, por todo. -4- TABLE OF CONTENTS ABSTRACTS... with their theoretical predictions) but an increase in the consumption of durables which is consistent with the evidence and theoretical predictions of the New Keynesian models. CHAPTER 2: THE IMPACT OF FISCAL EXPANSIONS ON PRIVATE SPENDING: A REAL...

Valcarcel, Victor J.

2008-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

62

Essays on international macroeconomics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis examines the impact of terms of trade shocks on commodity-exporting small, open economies. The first chapter examines whether households, firms and policymakers in these economies can distinguish between temporary ...

Rees, Daniel

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Three essays in macroeconomics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis is a collection of three essays on international trade and economic growth. Chapter 1 analyzes the dynamic gains from trade in a Hecksher-Ohlin economy with endogenous factor accumulation. In a framework where ...

Auer, Raphael Anton Maximilian Peter Gabriel

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Essays on Macroeconomics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Microfounded Business Cycle Model . . . . . . . . . . .A Real Business Cycle Model . . . . . . . . . . . .A Real Business Cycle Model . . . . .

Llosa, Luis Gonzalo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Three essays in macroeconomics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 1 analyzes the theoretical and quantitative implications of optimal fiscal policy in a business cycle model with incomplete markets. I first consider the problem of a government facing expenditure shocks in an ...

Farhi, Emmanuel

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Essays on Macroeconomics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and volatility can lead to information being used in aexternalities lead to information being used inefficientlywhere public information can lead to welfare losses because

Llosa, Luis Gonzalo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Brain Receptor Structures Key to Future Therapeutics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Brain Receptor Structures Key to Future Therapeutics Brain Receptor Structures Key to Future Therapeutics Print Wednesday, 28 January 2015 00:00 With an aging population in...

68

Key Activities | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomen OwnedofDepartment ofJared Temanson - Project LeaderDepartment's DirectivesKey

69

Key Activities | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGY TAX POLICIES7.pdfFuel2007 | Department7JanuaryWASTE-TO-ENERGY:About » Key

70

Public/private key certification authority and key distribution. Draft  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Traditional encryption, which protects messages from prying eyes, has been used for many decades. The present concepts of encryption are built from that heritage. Utilization of modern software-based encryption techniques implies much more than simply converting files to an unreadable form. Ubiquitous use of computers and advances in encryption technology coupled with the use of wide-area networking completely changed the reasons for utilizing encryption technology. The technology demands a new and extensive infrastructure to support these functions. Full understanding of these functions, their utility and value, and the need for an infrastructure, takes extensive exposure to the new paradigm. This paper addresses issues surrounding the establishment and operation of a key management system (i.e., certification authority) that is essential to the successful implementation and wide-spread use of encryption.

Long, J.P.; Christensen, M.J.; Sturtevant, A.P.; Johnston, W.E.

1995-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

71

COLLEGE AVE CAMPUS (CAC) KEY PICK UP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COLLEGE AVE CAMPUS (CAC) KEY PICK UP NOTE TO ALL STUDENTS: ONLY YOU CAN PICK UP YOUR KEY. You in and key pick up. If you are unable to pick up your key by 5:00 p.m. on September 1st , please make prior in Clothier Hall on CAC. Keys not picked up during the above-noted hours can be picked up at the Housing

72

Answering Key Fuel Cycle Questions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI) program has both outcome and process goals because it must address both waste already accumulating as well as completing the fuel cycle in connection with advanced nuclear power plant concepts. The outcome objectives are waste geological repository capacity and cost, energy security and sustainability, proliferation resistance, fuel cycle economics, and safety. The process objectives are readiness to proceed and adaptability and robustness in the face of uncertainties. A classic decision-making approach to such a multi-attribute problem would be to weight individual quantified criteria and calculate an overall figure of merit. This is inappropriate for several reasons. First, the goals are not independent. Second, the importance of different goals varies among stakeholders. Third, the importance of different goals is likely to vary with time, especially the energy future. Fourth, some key considerations are not easily or meaningfully quantifiable at present. Instead, at this point, we have developed 16 questions the AFCI program should answer and suggest an approach of determining for each whether relevant options improve meeting each of the program goals. We find that it is not always clear which option is best for a specific question and specific goal; this helps identify key issues for future work. In general, we suggest attempting to create as many win-win decisions (options that are attractive or neutral to most goals) as possible. Thus, to help clarify why the program is exploring the options it is, and to set the stage for future narrowing of options, we have developed 16 questions, as follows: What are the AFCI program goals? Which potential waste disposition approaches do we plan for? What are the major separations, transmutation, and fuel options? How do we address proliferation resistance? Which potential energy futures do we plan for? What potential external triggers do we plan for? Should we separate uranium? If we separate uranium, should we recycle it, store it or dispose of it? Is it practical to plan to fabricate and handle hot fuel? Which transuranic elements (TRU) should be separated and transmuted? Of those TRU separated, which should be transmuted together? Should we separate and/or transmute Cs and Sr isotopes that dominate near-term repository heating? Should we separate and/or transmute very long-lived Tc and I isotopes? Which separation technology? What mix of transmutation technologies? What fuel technology best supports the above decisions?

Steven J. Piet; Brent W. Dixon; J. Stephen Herring; David E. Shropshire; Mary Lou Dunzik-Gougar

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

NEMS Freight Transportation Module Improvement Study  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

basic shapes 33. Articles of base metal 41. Waste and scrap 3. Processed food 5. Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations 6. Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery...

74

Lightweight Key Establishment for Distributed Networking Environments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/ COSIC Seminar 2007 Keith Martin #12;Lightweight Key Establishment/Introduction The plan 1. Wireless sensor networks 2. A key establishment framework 3. Key establishment for grids COSIC Seminar 2007 Keith Establishment/Wireless sensor networks The "classical" scenario COSIC Seminar 2007 Keith Martin #12;Lightweight

Martin, Keith

75

Brain Receptor Structures Key to Future Therapeutics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Brain Receptor Structures Key to Future Therapeutics Print With an aging population in America, it is more important than ever to discover ways to treat or prevent diseases...

76

Monroe County Extension Services Key West Office  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-292-4501 http://monroe.ifas.ufl.edu Key Largo Office: 102050 Overseas Highway, Room 244 City and County Tree Energy Services: 305-295-1010 Florida Keys Electric Co-op: 305-852-2431 Monroe County Roads & Bridges conditions based on USDA zone, water and light requirements, soil conditions, salt and wind tolerance

Florida, University of

77

Captured key electrical safety lockout system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A safety lockout apparatus for an electrical circuit includes an electrical switch, a key, a lock and a blocking mechanism. The electrical switch is movable between an ON position at which the electrical circuit is energized and an OFF position at which the electrical circuit is deactivated. The lock is adapted to receive the key and is rotatable among a plurality of positions by the key. The key is only insertable and removable when the lock is at a preselected position. The lock is maintained in the preselected position when the key is removed from the lock. The blocking mechanism physically maintains the switch in its OFF position when the key is removed from the lock. The blocking mechanism preferably includes a member driven by the lock between a first position at which the electrical switch is movable between its ON and OFF positions and a second position at which the member physically maintains the electrical switch in its OFF position. Advantageously, the driven member`s second position corresponds to the preselected position at which the key can be removed from and inserted into the lock. 7 figs.

Darimont, D.E.

1995-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

78

Captured key electrical safety lockout system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A safety lockout apparatus for an electrical circuit includes an electrical switch, a key, a lock and a blocking mechanism. The electrical switch is movable between an ON position at which the electrical circuit is energized and an OFF position at which the electrical circuit is deactivated. The lock is adapted to receive the key and is rotatable among a plurality of positions by the key. The key is only insertable and removable when the lock is at a preselected position. The lock is maintained in the preselected position when the key is removed from the lock. The blocking mechanism physically maintains the switch in its OFF position when the key is removed from the lock. The blocking mechanism preferably includes a member driven by the lock between a first position at which the electrical switch is movable between its ON and OFF positions and a second position at which the member physically maintains the electrical switch in its OFF position. Advantageously, the driven member's second position corresponds to the preselected position at which the key can be removed from and inserted into the lock.

Darimont, Daniel E. (Aurora, IL)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Experimental study of high speed polarization-coding quantum key distribution with sifted-key  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and links 1. C. H. Bennet and G. Brassard, "Quantum cryptography: Public key distribution and coin tossing

80

Key Implications of the Global Economic Environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Key Implications of the Global Economic Environment For PCT Filings: A Survey of the Issues DMI...............................................................................9 Annex 1: Incentives for Patent Filing: The Analytical Framework...........................11 I-1 Intellectual property, innovation, and economic growth.................................13 2-2 Individual

Lansky, Joshua

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nems key macroeconomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Extracting secret keys from integrated circuits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modern cryptographic protocols are based on the premise that only authorized participants can obtain secret keys and access to information systems. However, various kinds of tampering methods have been devised to extract ...

Lim, Daihyun, 1976-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Research Summary Key Ingredients of Collaborative Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, wildlife management and water catchments. This project, developed in discussion with stakeholders, soughtResearch Summary Key Ingredients of Collaborative Management It is widely accepted that collaboration amongst stakeholders can lead to more sustainable land-management. Voluntary collaboration

83

MEASUREMENT OF IMPEDANCE CHARACTERISTICS OF COMPUTER KEYBOARD KEYS1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of computer keyboard keys are commonly used: rubber-dome and coil-spring keys. As indicated by their names, a rubber-dome key has a rubber dome under the keycap whereas a coil-spring key has a coil spring under of keys. From a user's perspective, the rubber-dome and coil-spring keys feel different. The properties

Nagurka, Mark L.

84

Mediated Semi-Quantum Key Distribution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we design a new quantum key distribution protocol, allowing two limited semi-quantum or "classical" users to establish a shared secret key with the help of a fully quantum server. A semi-quantum user can only prepare and measure qubits in the computational basis and so must rely on this quantum server to produce qubits in alternative bases and also to perform alternative measurements. However, we assume that the sever is untrusted and we prove the unconditional security of our protocol even in the worst case: when this quantum server is an all-powerful adversary. We also compute a lower bound of the key rate of our protocol, in the asymptotic scenario, as a function of the observed error rate in the channel allowing us to compute the maximally tolerated error of our protocol. Our results show that a semi-quantum protocol may hold similar security to a fully quantum one.

Walter O. Krawec

2014-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

85

Public key infrastructure for DOE security research  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document summarizes the Department of Energy`s Second Joint Energy Research/Defence Programs Security Research Workshop. The workshop, built on the results of the first Joint Workshop which reviewed security requirements represented in a range of mission-critical ER and DP applications, discussed commonalties and differences in ER/DP requirements and approaches, and identified an integrated common set of security research priorities. One significant conclusion of the first workshop was that progress in a broad spectrum of DOE-relevant security problems and applications could best be addressed through public-key cryptography based systems, and therefore depended upon the existence of a robust, broadly deployed public-key infrastructure. Hence, public-key infrastructure ({open_quotes}PKI{close_quotes}) was adopted as a primary focus for the second workshop. The Second Joint Workshop covered a range of DOE security research and deployment efforts, as well as summaries of the state of the art in various areas relating to public-key technologies. Key findings were that a broad range of DOE applications can benefit from security architectures and technologies built on a robust, flexible, widely deployed public-key infrastructure; that there exists a collection of specific requirements for missing or undeveloped PKI functionality, together with a preliminary assessment of how these requirements can be met; that, while commercial developments can be expected to provide many relevant security technologies, there are important capabilities that commercial developments will not address, due to the unique scale, performance, diversity, distributed nature, and sensitivity of DOE applications; that DOE should encourage and support research activities intended to increase understanding of security technology requirements, and to develop critical components not forthcoming from other sources in a timely manner.

Aiken, R.; Foster, I.; Johnston, W.E. [and others

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

On the Security of Public Key Protocols  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recently the use of public key encryption to provide secure network communication has received considerable attention. Such public key systems are usually effective against passive eavesdroppers, who merely tap the lines and try to decipher the message. It has been pointed out, however, that an improperly designed protocol could be vulnerable to an active saboteur, one who may impersonate another user or alter the message being transmitted. Several models are formulated in which the security of protocols can be discussed precisely. Algorithms and characteri-zations that can be used to determine protocol security in these models are given.

Danny Dolev; et al.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Key facts about Argonne National Laboratory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Key facts about Argonne National Laboratory Argonne National Laboratory occupies 1,500 wooded acres in southeast DuPage County near Chicago. Mission Argonne's mission is to apply a unique blend of world needs of our nation. Argonne conducts R&D in many areas of basic and applied science and engineering

Kemner, Ken

88

CHEMICAL ABBREVIATION KEY ABBREVIATION CHEMICAL NAME HAZARDS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Corrosive - base LiCl Lithium chloride Harmful MeOH Methanol Flammable #12;CHEMICAL ABBREVIATION KEY Irritant destain Methanol,acetic acid,H2O Flammable, Corrosive - acid DI H2O Deionized water DCM FeCl3 Iron(III) chloride Corrosive - acid FeSO4 Iron(II) sulfate Toxic H2O Water HCl Hydrochloric

Pawlowski, Wojtek

89

Roadmap for selected key measurements of LHCb  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Six of the key physics measurements that will be made by the LHCb experiment, concerning CP asymmetries and rare B decays, are discussed in detail. The "road map" towards the precision measurements is presented, including the use of control channels and other techniques to understand the performance of the detector with the first data from the LHC.

The LHCb Collaboration; B. Adeva; M. Adinolfi; A. Affolder; Z. Ajaltouni; J. Albrecht; F. Alessio; M. Alexander; P. Alvarez Cartelle; A. A. Alves Jr; S. Amato; Y. Amhis; J. Amoraal; J. Anderson; O. Aquines Gutierrez; L. Arrabito; M. Artuso; E. Aslanides; G. Auriemma; S. Bachmann; Y. Bagaturia; D. S. Bailey; V. Balagura; W. Baldini; MdC. Barandela Pazos; R. J. Barlow; S. Barsuk; A. Bates; C. Bauer; Th. Bauer; A. Bay; I. Bediaga; K. Belous; I. Belyaev; M. Benayoun; G. Bencivenni; R. Bernet; M. -O. Bettler; A. Bizzeti; T. Blake; F. Blanc; C. Blanks; J. Blouw; S. Blusk; A. Bobrov; V. Bocci; A. Bondar; N. Bondar; W. Bonivento; S. Borghi; A. Borgia; E. Bos; T. J. V. Bowcock; C. Bozzi; J. Bressieux; S. Brisbane; M. Britsch; N. H. Brook; H. Brown; A. Bchler-Germann; J. Buytaert; J. -P. Cachemiche; S. Cadeddu; J. M. Caicedo Carvajal; O. Callot; M. Calvi; M. Calvo Gomez; A. Camboni; W. Cameron; P. Campana; A. Carbone; G. Carboni; A. Cardini; L. Carson; K. Carvalho Akiba; G. Casse; M. Cattaneo; M. Charles; Ph. Charpentier; A. Chlopik; P. Ciambrone; X. Cid Vidal; P. J. Clark; P. E. L. Clarke; M. Clemencic; H. V. Cliff; J. Closier; C. Coca; V. Coco; J. Cogan; P. Collins; F. Constantin; G. Conti; A. Contu; G. Corti; G. A. Cowan; B. D'Almagne; C. D'Ambrosio; D. G. d'Enterria; W. Da Silva; P. David; I. De Bonis; S. De Capua; M. De Cian; F. De Lorenzi; J. M. De Miranda; L. De Paula; P. De Simone; H. De Vries; D. Decamp; H. Degaudenzi; M. Deissenroth; L. Del Buono; C. Deplano; O. Deschamps; F. Dettori; J. Dickens; H. Dijkstra; M. Dima; S. Donleavy; A. C. dos Reis; A. Dovbnya; T. Du Pree; P. -Y. Duval; L. Dwyer; R. Dzhelyadin; C. Eames; S. Easo; U. Egede; V. Egorychev; F. Eisele; S. Eisenhardt; L. Eklund; D. Esperante Pereira; L. Estve; S. Eydelman; E. Fanchini; C. Frber; G. Fardell; C. Farinelli; S. Farry; V. Fave; V. Fernandez Albor; M. Ferro-Luzzi; S. Filippov; C. Fitzpatrick; F. Fontanelli; R. Forty; M. Frank; C. Frei; M. Frosini; J. L. Fungueirino Pazos; S. Furcas; A. Gallas Torreira; D. Galli; M. Gandelman; Y. Gao; J-C. Garnier; L. Garrido; C. Gaspar; N. Gauvin; M. Gersabeck; T. Gershon; Ph. Ghez; V. Gibson; Yu. Gilitsky; V. V. Gligorov; C. Gbel; D. Golubkov; A. Golutvin; A. Gomes; M. Grabalosa Gndara; R. Graciani Diaz; L. A. Granado Cardoso; E. Graugs; G. Graziani; A. Grecu; G. Guerrer; E. Gushchin; Yu. Guz; Z. Guzik; T. Gys; F. Hachon; G. Haefeli; S. C. Haines; T. Hampson; S. Hansmann-Menzemer; R. Harji; N. Harnew; P. F. Harrison; J. He; K. Hennessy; P. Henrard; J. A. Hernando Morata; A. Hicheur; E. Hicks; W. Hofmann; K. Holubyev; P. Hopchev; W. Hulsbergen; P. Hunt; T. Huse; R. S. Huston; D. Hutchcroft; V. Iakovenko; C. Iglesias Escudero; J. Imong; R. Jacobsson; M. Jahjah Hussein; E. Jans; F. Jansen; P. Jaton; B. Jean-Marie; M. John; C. R. Jones; B. Jost; F. Kapusta; T. M. Karbach; J. Keaveney; U. Kerzel; T. Ketel; A. Keune; S. Khalil; B. Khanji; Y. M. Kim; M. Knecht; J. Knopf; S. Koblitz; A. Konoplyannikov; P. Koppenburg; I. Korolko; A. Kozlinskiy; M. Krasowski; L. Kravchuk; P. Krokovny; K. Kruzelecki; M. Kucharczyk; I. Kudryashov; T. Kvaratskheliya; D. Lacarrere; A. Lai; R. W. Lambert; G. Lanfranchi; C. Langenbruch; T. Latham; R. Le Gac; R. Lefevre; A. Leflat; J. Lefranois; O. Leroy; K. Lessnoff; L. Li; Y. Y. Li; J. Libby; M. Lieng; R. Lindner; S. Lindsey; C. Linn; B. Liu; G. Liu; J. H. Lopes; E. Lopez Asamar; J. Luisier; F. Machefert; I. Machikhiliyan; F. Maciuc; O. Maev; J. Magnin; A. Maier; R. M. D. Mamunur; G. Manca; G. Mancinelli; N. Mangiafave; U. Marconi; F. Marin; J. Marks; G. Martellotti; A. Martens; L. Martin; D. Martinez Santos; Z. Mathe; C. Matteuzzi; V. Matveev; A. Mazurov; G. McGregor; B. Mcharek; C. Mclean; R. McNulty; M. Merk; J. Merkel; M. Merkin; R. Messi; F. C. D. Metlica; J. Michalowski; S. Miglioranzi; M. -N. Minard; S. Monteil; D. Moran; J. V. Morris; R. Mountain; I. Mous; F. Muheim; R. Muresan; F. Murtas; B. Muryn; M. Musy; J. Mylroie-Smith; P. Naik; T. Nakada; R. Nandakumar; J. Nardulli; Z. Natkaniec; M. Nedos; M. Needham; N. Neufeld; L. Nicolas; S. Nies; V. Niess; N. Nikitin; A. Noor; A. Oblakowska-Mucha; V. Obraztsov; S. Oggero; O. Okhrimenko; R. Oldeman; M. Orlandea; A. Ostankov; J. Palacios; M. Palutan; J. Panman; A. Papadelis; A. Papanestis; M. Pappagallo; C. Parkes; G. Passaleva; G. D. Patel; M. Patel; S. K. Paterson; G. N. Patrick; E. Pauna; C. Pauna; C. Pavel; A. Pazos Alvarez; A. Pellegrino; G. Penso; M. Pepe Altarelli; S. Perazzini; D. L. Perego; A. Prez-Calero Yzquierdo; E. Perez Trigo; P. Perret; G. Pessina; A. Petrella; A. Petrolini; B. Pietrzyk; D. Pinci; S. Playfer; M. Plo Casasus; G. Polok; A. Poluektov; E. Polycarpo; D. Popov; B. Popovici; S. Poss; C. Potterat; A. Powell; S. Pozzi; V. Pugatch; A. Puig Navarro; W. Qian; J. H. Rademacker; B. Rakotomiaramanana; I. Raniuk; G. Raven; S. Redford; W. Reece

2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

90

www.defra.gov.uk Environmental Key  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that good environmental performance makes good business sense. Environmental risks and uncertainties impact. These Guidelines seek to help companies report their environmental impacts in a meaningful and cost-effective waywww.defra.gov.uk Environmental Key Performance Indicators Reporting Guidelines for UK Business #12

91

2 Key Achievements 7 Greenhouse Gas Reduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Princeton University Reports Contents 2 Key Achievements 7 Greenhouse Gas Reduction Campus Energy was established in 2008, the University has invested $5.3 million in energy-savings projects, resulting in annual of a 5.2-megawatt solar collector field. · Audit the remaining 20 of the top 50 energy- consuming

92

Rangeland ecology: Key global research issues & questions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Rangeland ecology: Key global research issues & questions Robin Reid and Maria Fernandez-Gimenez This paper discusses developments in our understanding about rangeland ecology and rangeland dynamics in the last 20 years. Before the late 1980's, the mainstream view in range ecology was that livestock

93

Rangeland ecology: Key global research issues & questions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Rangeland ecology: Key global research issues & questions Robin Reid1 and Maria Fernandez Ecology Lab 2Associate Professor Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA Global Issues and Questions in Rangeland Ecology · Despite the focus here on global issues, we need to recognize that Mongolia

94

Key Management Challenges in Smart Grid  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Agenda Awarded in February 2011 Team of industry and research organizations Project Objectives Address difficult issues Complexity Diversity of systems Scale Longevity of solution Participate in standards efforts and working groups Develop innovative key management solutions Modeling and simulation ORNL Cyber Security Econometric Enterprise System Demonstrate effectiveness of solution Demonstrate scalability

Sheldon, Frederick T [ORNL] [ORNL; Duren, Mike [Sypris Electronics, LLC] [Sypris Electronics, LLC

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Experimental quantum key distribution with finite-key security analysis for noisy channels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In quantum key distribution implementations, each session is typically chosen long enough so that the secret key rate approaches its asymptotic limit. However, this choice may be constrained by the physical scenario, as in the perspective use with satellites, where the passage of one terminal over the other is restricted to a few minutes. Here we demonstrate experimentally the extraction of secure keys leveraging an optimal design of the prepare-and-measure scheme, according to recent finite-key theoretical tight-bounds. The experiment is performed in different channel conditions, and assuming two distinct attack models: individual attacks, or general quantum attacks. The request on the number of exchanged qubits is then obtained as a function of the key size and of the ambient quantum bit error rate. The results indicate that viable conditions for effective symmetric, and even one-time-pad, cryptography are achievable.

Davide Bacco; Matteo Canale; Nicola Laurenti; Giuseppe Vallone; Paolo Villoresi

2014-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

96

Essays on Open Economy Macroeconomics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Philosophy in Economics by Mi Lu June 2013 DissertationArnott Jana Grittersova Aman Ullah Copyright by Mi Lu TheDissertation of Mi Lu is approved: Committee Chairperson

Lu, Mi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Essays on macroeconomics and forecasting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is the structural factor augmented vector autoregressive (SFAVAR) model and the other is the structural factor vector autoregressive (SFVAR) model. Compared to the traditional vector autogression (VAR) model, both models incorporate far more information from...

Liu, Dandan

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

98

Essays in Macroeconomics and Finance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3, 14, pages 325332. Huizinga, John and Frederic Mishkin,variables (Mishkin (1981) and Huizinga and Mishkin (1986)).

Khramov, Vadim

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Essays on Macroeconomics and Oil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reserves. In the data, crude oil reserve addi- tions consistForce and Proven Reserves in the Venezuelan Oil Industry .such as crude oil production, proved reserves, new reserves,

CAKIR, NIDA

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Essays on Macroeconomics and Oil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Oil Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .in the Venezuelan Oil Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . .and Productivity: Evidence from the Oil Industry . .

CAKIR, NIDA

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nems key macroeconomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Essays on Macroeconomics and Oil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oil Production . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Oil Production in Venezuela and Mexico . . . . . . . . . .Oil Production and Productivity in Venezuela and

CAKIR, NIDA

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Essays in macroeconomics and finance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The first chapter proposes a model of booms and busts in housing and non-housing consumption driven by the interplay between relatively low interest rates and an expansion of credit, triggered by further decline in interest ...

Mohsenzadeh Kermani, Amir Reza

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Essays on Macroeconomics and Oil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is described below. Data Crude oil production data is fromproductivity measure is crude oil production per worker, andwhich is measured as crude oil production per worker, is

CAKIR, NIDA

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Essays on finance and macroeconomics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis studies the role of the financial system in the amplification and propagation of business cycles. Chapter 1 studies the origin and propagation of balance sheet recessions. I first show that in standard models ...

Di Tella, Sebastian T. (Sebastian Tariacuri)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Essays on Macroeconomics and Oil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Venezuelan Oil Industry Total Wells Drilled and InvestmentWells Drilled and Investment in the Venezuelan Oil Industryopenness of the oil sector to foreign investment contributes

CAKIR, NIDA

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Essays on Macroeconomics and Oil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oil Production in Venezuela and Mexico . . . . . . . . . .Venezuela with Mexico, another major oil pro- ducing countryOil Production and Productivity in Venezuela and Mexico . . . . . . . .

CAKIR, NIDA

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Essays on Macroeconomics and Oil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oil Production in Venezuela and Mexico . . . . . . . . . .Oil Production and Productivity in Venezuela and Mexico . . . . . . . .2.6: Oil Production in Venezuela and Mexico 350 Productivity

CAKIR, NIDA

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Essays on Macroeconomics and Oil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oil Production in Venezuela and Mexico . . . . . . . . . .and Productivity in Venezuela and Mexico . . . . . . . . OilEllner, Organized Labor in Venezuela 1958-1991: Behavior

CAKIR, NIDA

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Chemical and Petroleum Engineering Key and Lab Space Agreement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chemical and Petroleum Engineering Key and Lab Space Agreement Key Holder Information Last Name and Petroleum Engineering remain the property of the Department. I agree to pay a deposit for the keys

Calgary, University of

110

Key Physical Mechanisms in Nanostructured Solar Cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of the project was to study both theoretically and experimentally the excitation, recombination and transport properties required for nanostructured solar cells to deliver energy conversion efficiencies well in excess of conventional limits. These objectives were met by concentrating on three key areas, namely, investigation of physical mechanisms present in nanostructured solar cells, characterization of loss mechanisms in nanostructured solar cells and determining the properties required of nanostructured solar cells in order to achieve high efficiency and the design implications.

Dr Stephan Bremner

2010-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

111

Three key elements necessary for successful testing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Real-time surface readout during data acquisition, downhole shutting, and appropriate pressure gauges are three key elements for successful well tests. These elements are often overlooked in designing and implementing a successful well test. This second in a series of three articles on well testing shows how these elements affected the testing of an example well. Also reviewed are the capabilities of several new testing tools and techniques.

Ehlig-Economides, C.A.; Hegeman, P. (Schlumberger Oilfield Services, Houston, TX (United States)); Clark, G. (Schlumberger Oilfield Services, Aberdeen (United Kingdom))

1994-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

112

Midstream Infrastructure Improvements Key to Realizing Full Potential...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Midstream Infrastructure Improvements Key to Realizing Full Potential of Domestic Natural Gas Midstream Infrastructure Improvements Key to Realizing Full Potential of Domestic...

113

Vehicle Electrification is Key to Reducing Petroleum Dependency...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Vehicle Electrification is Key to Reducing Petroleum Dependency and Greenhouse Gas Emission Vehicle Electrification is Key to Reducing Petroleum Dependency and Greenhouse Gas...

114

analysis material key: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Temperature(C) 200 2 Finite key analysis for symmetric attacks in quantum key distribution Quantum Physics (arXiv) Summary: We introduce a constructive method to calculate...

115

Sandia National Laboratories: Direct Measurement of Key Molecule...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Modeling & SimulationDirect Measurement of Key Molecule Will Increase Accuracy of Combustion Models Direct Measurement of Key Molecule Will Increase Accuracy of Combustion...

116

Tips for Key Maps / Inset Maps How Do I Add a Key Maps or Inset Maps  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tips for Key Maps / Inset Maps How Do I Add a Key Maps or Inset Maps You need a new data frame o the properties/look of the extent rectangle Tips Index Map o Should be a simplified version of the map o Should cover at least 5X the area of the main map o Should have its own scale/coordinates/title o Main coverage

Brownstone, Rob

117

Quantum key distribution with entangled photon sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A parametric down-conversion (PDC) source can be used as either a triggered single photon source or an entangled photon source in quantum key distribution (QKD). The triggering PDC QKD has already been studied in the literature. On the other hand, a model and a post-processing protocol for the entanglement PDC QKD are still missing. In this paper, we fill in this important gap by proposing such a model and a post-processing protocol for the entanglement PDC QKD. Although the PDC model is proposed to study the entanglement-based QKD, we emphasize that our generic model may also be useful for other non-QKD experiments involving a PDC source. Since an entangled PDC source is a basis independent source, we apply Koashi-Preskill's security analysis to the entanglement PDC QKD. We also investigate the entanglement PDC QKD with two-way classical communications. We find that the recurrence scheme increases the key rate and Gottesman-Lo protocol helps tolerate higher channel losses. By simulating a recent 144km open-air PDC experiment, we compare three implementations -- entanglement PDC QKD, triggering PDC QKD and coherent state QKD. The simulation result suggests that the entanglement PDC QKD can tolerate higher channel losses than the coherent state QKD. The coherent state QKD with decoy states is able to achieve highest key rate in the low and medium-loss regions. By applying Gottesman-Lo two-way post-processing protocol, the entanglement PDC QKD can tolerate up to 70dB combined channel losses (35dB for each channel) provided that the PDC source is placed in between Alice and Bob. After considering statistical fluctuations, the PDC setup can tolerate up to 53dB channel losses.

Xiongfeng Ma; Chi-Hang Fred Fung; Hoi-Kwong Lo

2007-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

118

Keyes, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429 Throttled (botOpen6Kentwood, Michigan: EnergyKesona PowerStatistics-2010Keyes,

119

Key Renewable Energy Opportunities for Oklahoma Tribes  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGY TAX POLICIES7.pdfFuel2007 | Department7JanuaryWASTE-TO-ENERGY:About »KEY RENEWABLE

120

Fermilab | Science | Particle Physics | Key Discoveries  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert Southwest Region service area. TheEPSCI Home ItDarkDiscoveries WorldwideDarkKey

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nems key macroeconomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Another key Y-12 General Foreman remembered  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth (AOD)ProductssondeadjustsondeadjustAbout theOFFICEAmes Laboratory Site|Andrea4»Another key Y-12 General

122

Key Agency Targets Summary _FY 2012_.doc  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfraredJeffersonJonathan PershingrelocatesKaye D.Ken T.NA>Kevlar andKey5 B

123

Quantum key distribution with entangled photon sources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A parametric down-conversion (PDC) source can be used as either a triggered single photon source or an entangled photon source in quantum key distribution (QKD). The triggering PDC QKD has already been studied in the literature. On the other hand, a model and a post-processing protocol for the entanglement PDC QKD are still missing. In this paper, we fill in this important gap by proposing such a model and a post-processing protocol for the entanglement PDC QKD. Although the PDC model is proposed to study the entanglement-based QKD, we emphasize that our generic model may also be useful for other non-QKD experiments involving a PDC source. Since an entangled PDC source is a basis independent source, we apply Koashi-Preskill's security analysis to the entanglement PDC QKD. We also investigate the entanglement PDC QKD with two-way classical communications. We find that the recurrence scheme increases the key rate and Gottesman-Lo protocol helps tolerate higher channel losses. By simulating a recent 144km open-a...

Ma, X; Lo, H K; Ma, Xiongfeng; Fung, Chi-Hang Fred; Lo, Hoi-Kwong

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Compression station key to Texas pipeline project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This was probably the largest pipeline project in the US last year, and the largest in Texas in the last decade. The new compressor station is a key element in this project. TECO, its servicing dealer, and compression packager worked closely throughout the planning and installation stages of the project. To handle the amount of gas required, TECO selected the GEMINI F604-1 compressor, a four-throw, single-stage unit with a six-inch stroke manufactured by Weatherford Enterra Compression Co. (WECC) in Corpus Christi, TX. TECO also chose WECC to package the compressors. Responsibility for ongoing support of the units will be shared among TECO, the service dealer and the packager. TECO is sending people to be trained by WECC, and because the G3600 family of engines is still relatively new, both the Caterpillar dealer and WECC sent people for advanced training at Caterpillar facilities in Peoria, IL. As part of its service commitment to TECO, the servicing dealer drew up a detailed product support plan, encompassing these five concerns: Training, tooling; parts support; service support; and commissioning.

NONE

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

The impacts of urbanization on endangered florida key deer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for resources between man and wildlife continues, it is important to understand the effects of urbanization on species. Endangered Key deer (Odocoileus virginianus clavium) are endemic to the Florida Keys archipelago stretching southwest off the southern tip...

Harveson, Patricia Moody

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

126

actual key success: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

key exchange over an insecure channel. The security of the proposed algorithm grows as NPm, where M, P are the size of the key and the computational commplexity fo the linear...

127

Updated distribution and reintroduction of the Lower Keys marsh rabbit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Listed as federally-endangered in 1990, the Lower Keys marsh rabbit (LKMR, Sylvilagus palustris hefneri) exists as a metapopulation in patches of wetland habitat in Florida?s Lower Keys. This study sought to address 2 priority actions identified...

Faulhaber, Craig Alan

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

128

authenticated key agreement: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

desirable attributes. Index Terms--Mutual Authentication; Key Management; SRP; Security; Smart Meter; Smart Leung, Victor C.M. 53 On the security of some password-based key...

129

Exploring the context : a small hotel in Key West  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis develops a personal method and approach for designing in a delicate context such as the Key West Historic District. This thesis is composed of two parts. The first part presents observations of Key West, focusing ...

VanBeuzekom, Edrick

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Residential Energy Efficiency Financing: Key Elements of Program Design  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presents key programmatic elements and context of financing initiatives, including contractor support, rebates, quality assurance, and more.

131

A Full Key Recovery Attack on HMAC-AURORA-512  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Full Key Recovery Attack on HMAC-AURORA-512 Yu Sasaki NTT Information Sharing Platform.yu@lab.ntt.co.jp Abstract. In this note, we present a full key recovery attack on HMAC- AURORA-512 when 512-bit secret keys is 2259 AURORA-512 operations, which is significantly less than the complexity of the exhaustive search

132

K:\\Operations\\Forms\\201 Key or Vendor Card Request.pdf Rev ASU DPc Key/Vendor Card Request  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

K:\\Operations\\Forms\\201 Key or Vendor Card Request.pdf Rev ASU DPc Key/Vendor Card Request Complete/Staff Undergrad Grad Asst Other Department or Vendor PO # or Agency/ORG Mail Code Affiliation (place X in one box am personally accountable for all ASU keys/vendor cards issued to me. I understand that only I am

Rhoads, James

133

Fake state attack on practically decoy state quantum key distribution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, security of practically decoy state quantum key distribution under fake state attack is considered. If quantum key distribution is insecure under this type of attack, decoy sources can not also provide it with enough security. Strictly analysis shows that Eve should eavesdrop with the aid of photon-number-resolving instruments. In practical implementation of decoy state quantum key distribution where statistical fluctuation is considered, however, Eve can attack it successfully with threshold detectors.

Yong-gang Tan

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

134

QKD with finite resources: secret key rates via Rnyi entropies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A realistic Quantum Key Distribution (QKD) protocol necessarily deals with finite resources, such as the number of signals exchanged by the two parties. We derive a bound on the secret key rate which is expressed as an optimization problem over R\\'enyi entropies. Under the assumption of collective attacks by an eavesdropper, a computable estimate of our bound for the six-state protocol is provided. This bound leads to improved key rates in comparison to previous results.

Silvestre Abruzzo; Hermann Kampermann; Markus Mertz; Dagmar Bru

2011-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

135

Climate Action Planning: A Review of Best Practices, Key Elements...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Planning: A Review of Best Practices, Key Elements, and Common Climate Strategies for Signatories to the American College & University Presidents' Climate Commitment Jump to:...

136

TEC Working Group Topic Groups Rail Key Documents Radiation Monitoring...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Radiation Monitoring Subgroup TEC Working Group Topic Groups Rail Key Documents Radiation Monitoring Subgroup Radiation Monitoring Subgroup Draft Work Plan - February 4, 2008 More...

137

LANL breaks ground on key sediment control project  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sediment control project LANL breaks ground on key sediment control project Called "grade-control" structures, the approximately 2 million features are up to eight feet high and...

138

Hydrodynamic experiment provides key data for Stockpile Stewardship  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

predictively model and assess weapon performance in the absence of full-scale underground nuclear testing," said Webster. Los Alamos hydrodynamic experiment provides key data for...

139

Worldwide Trends in Energy Use and Efficiency: Key Insights from...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Efficiency: Key Insights from International Energy Agency (IEA) Indicator Analysis in Support of the Group of Eight (G8) Plan of Action Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary...

140

Water dynamics clue to key residues in protein folding  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A computational method independent of experimental protein structure information is proposed to recognize key residues in protein folding, from the study of hydration water dynamics. Based on all-atom molecular dynamics simulation, two key residues are recognized with distinct water dynamical behavior in a folding process of the Trp-cage protein. The identified key residues are shown to play an essential role in both 3D structure and hydrophobic-induced collapse. With observations on hydration water dynamics around key residues, a dynamical pathway of folding can be interpreted.

Gao, Meng [State Key Laboratory for Turbulence and Complex Systems, and Department of Biomedical Engineering, and Center for Theoretical Biology, and Center for Protein Science, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China)] [State Key Laboratory for Turbulence and Complex Systems, and Department of Biomedical Engineering, and Center for Theoretical Biology, and Center for Protein Science, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Zhu, Huaiqiu, E-mail: hqzhu@pku.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory for Turbulence and Complex Systems, and Department of Biomedical Engineering, and Center for Theoretical Biology, and Center for Protein Science, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China)] [State Key Laboratory for Turbulence and Complex Systems, and Department of Biomedical Engineering, and Center for Theoretical Biology, and Center for Protein Science, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Yao, Xin-Qiu [State Key Laboratory for Turbulence and Complex Systems, and Department of Biomedical Engineering, and Center for Theoretical Biology, and Center for Protein Science, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China) [State Key Laboratory for Turbulence and Complex Systems, and Department of Biomedical Engineering, and Center for Theoretical Biology, and Center for Protein Science, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Department of Biophysics, Kyoto University, Sakyo Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); She, Zhen-Su, E-mail: she@pku.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory for Turbulence and Complex Systems, and Department of Biomedical Engineering, and Center for Theoretical Biology, and Center for Protein Science, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China)] [State Key Laboratory for Turbulence and Complex Systems, and Department of Biomedical Engineering, and Center for Theoretical Biology, and Center for Protein Science, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China)

2010-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nems key macroeconomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Pantex Plant Achieves Key Safety Milestone Ahead of Schedule...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Achieves Key Safety Milestone Ahead of Schedule | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing...

142

Key Practical Issues in Strengthening Safety Culture, INSAG-15  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Key Pratical Issues in Strengthening Safety Culture, INSAG-15. A report by the International Nuclear Safety Advisory Gorup, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, 2002.

143

Frequency stabilization in nonlinear MEMS and NEMS oscillators  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An illustrative system includes an amplifier operably connected to a phase shifter. The amplifier is configured to amplify a voltage from an oscillator. The phase shifter is operably connected to a driving amplitude control, wherein the phase shifter is configured to phase shift the amplified voltage and is configured to set an amplitude of the phase shifted voltage. The oscillator is operably connected to the driving amplitude control. The phase shifted voltage drives the oscillator. The oscillator is at an internal resonance condition, based at least on the amplitude of the phase shifted voltage, that stabilizes frequency oscillations in the oscillator.

Lopez, Omar Daniel; Antonio, Dario

2014-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

144

Appendix C: Map of NEMS Electricity Market Module Regions  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProved Reserves (Billion CubicCubic Feet)Year Jan FebForeign Distribution66 U.S. U.S.

145

Analysis and Representation of Miscellaneous Electric Loads in NEMS -  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781Title: Telephone:shortOil and Natural Gas AEO2015Energy

146

U.S. Regional Demand Forecasts Using NEMS and GIS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Administration. 2004a. Annual Energy Outlook 2004. U.S.Assumptions of the Annual Energy Outlook 2004. DOE/EIA-0554(and Definitions AEO Annual Energy Outlook ArcGIS - ESRI

Cohen, Jesse A.; Edwards, Jennifer L.; Marnay, Chris

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Powerstories onFocus AreaDataBus Jump to:NSTARNamibia-UNEPProgrammesSystem

148

Frequency Stabilization in Nonlinear MEMS and NEMS Oscillators | Argonne  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing ZirconiaPolicyFeasibilityFieldMinds"Office | Department- Energy

149

NEMS Freight Transportation Module Improvement Study - Energy Information  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Opticalhttp://www.fnal.gov/directorate/nalcal/nalcal02_07_05_files/nalcal.gif Directorate - EventsNEET Benefits

150

EIA Buildings Analysis of Consumer Behavior in NEMS  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 2040 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 2040 PV Wind Natural gas Other For more information 15 Behavioral Economics Experts Meeting,...

151

Energy Security: A Key Requirement forSustainable Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Energy Security: A Key Requirement forSustainable Development Perspective and Action Plan Robert Card Under Secretary US Department of Energy August 30, 2002 Session One: Maintaining Energy Security WSSD Side Event Energy for Sustainable Development IEA/UNEP/Eskom #12;2 Energy Security is a Key

152

Prairie Fruit Summary, 2010 Some key considerations for the homeowner  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Prairie Fruit Summary, 2010 Some key considerations for the homeowner by Bob Bors The following list highlights some key positive (+), negative (-) and variable ( ± ) attributes for growing fruit into account. For more info visit: www.fruit.usask.ca Haskap/Blue Honeysuckle: - All varieties are very cold

Peak, Derek

153

Efficient Hybrid Key Agreement Protocol for Wireless Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Efficient Hybrid Key Agreement Protocol for Wireless Ad Hoc Networks Xiang-Yang Li Yu Wang Ophir important aspects in ad-hoc wireless networks. To ensure the security, several cryptography protocols must efficient when applied to wireless ad-hoc networks. In this paper, we propose a key agreement protocol

Wang, Yu

154

Reflective cracking of shear keys in multi-beam bridges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

..............................................2 Figure 2: PCI 33? Box Girder with Shear Keys................................................................5 Figure 3: TxDOT 34? Box Girder with Shear Keys .........................................................5 Figure 4: Test Specimen... Under Tension.........................................................................12 Figure 5: Test Specimen in Bending ...............................................................................12 Figure 6: Test Specimen in Shear...

Sharpe, Graeme Peter

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

155

Public Key Encryption that Allows PIR Queries Eyal Kushilevitz  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Public Key Encryption that Allows PIR Queries Dan Boneh Eyal Kushilevitz Rafail Ostrovsky William E to create a public- key encryption scheme for Alice that allows PIR searching over encrypted documents. Our allows for Single-Database PIR writing with sublinear communication complexity, which we consider

156

Public Key Encryption that Allows PIR Queries Eyal Kushilevitz  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Public Key Encryption that Allows PIR Queries Dan Boneh Eyal Kushilevitz Rafail Ostrovsky William E. In this paper, we show how to create a public-key encryption scheme for Alice that allows PIR searching over allows for Single-Database PIR writing with sublinear communication complexity, which we consider

Ostrovsky, Rafail

157

Electricity and Development: Global Trends and Key Challenges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electricity and Development: Global Trends and Key Challenges Romeo Pacudan, PhD Risoe National · Prospects for electricity development · Investment requirements · Key challenges · Final remarks #12 and the transport burden in Tanzania. Source: Modi, 2004 #12;2. Energy and Human Development Access to electricity

158

Key ornamental innovations facilitate diversification in an avian radiation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Key ornamental innovations facilitate diversification in an avian radiation Rafael Maiaa,1 , Dustin novel ways of interacting with the en- vironment (key innovations) play a fundamental role in promoting evolution of orna- mental traits. Because selection can operate only on existing vari- ation, the tendency

Rubenstein, Dustin R.

159

Practical Key-Recovery for All Possible Parameters of SFLASH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

function over a finite field. However, unlike RSA this power function is an easy-to-invert bijec- tion a new practical key-recovery attack on the SFLASH signature scheme. SFLASH is a derivative of the older from the public-key. The attack uses new crypt- analytic tools, most notably pencils of matrices

Fouque, Pierre-Alain

160

Offshore Wind Power Experiences, Potential and Key Issues for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Offshore Wind Power Experiences, Potential and Key Issues for Deployment Jørgen Lemming, Poul Erik-Erik Clausen Title: Offshore Wind Power Experiences, Potential and Key Issues for Deployment Division: VEA, SYS Risø-R-1673(EN) January 2008 Abstract: Wind power has been growing at spectacular rates. Today

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nems key macroeconomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Apparatus, system, and method for synchronizing a timer key  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A timer key relating to monitoring a countdown time of a countdown routine of an electronic device is disclosed. The timer key comprises a processor configured to respond to a countdown time associated with operation of the electronic device, a display operably coupled with the processor, and a housing configured to house at least the processor. The housing has an associated structure configured to engage with the electronic device to share the countdown time between the electronic device and the timer key. The processor is configured to begin a countdown routine based at least in part on the countdown time, wherein the countdown routine is at least substantially synchronized with a countdown routine of the electronic device when the timer key is removed from the electronic device. A system and method for synchronizing countdown routines of a timer key and an electronic device are also disclosed.

Condit, Reston A; Daniels, Michael A; Clemens, Gregory P; Tomberlin, Eric S; Johnson, Joel A

2014-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

162

Reactive Support and Voltage Control Service: Key Issues and Challenges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reactive support and voltage control services. Keywords ­ Competitive Electricity Markets, Reactive PowerReactive Support and Voltage Control Service: Key Issues and Challenges George Gross^, Paolo Marannino° and Gianfranco Chicco* ^ Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University

Gross, George

163

Detailed Description of Key NIF Milestones for NNSA Description  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Detailed Description of Key NIF Milestones for NNSA Short Description NIC EP Rev 4.0 Approved = Milestone Reporting Tool, which NNSA uses to support quarterly status reporting of NIC Level 1-2 milestones

164

Key Factors in Displacement Ventilation Systems for Better IAQ  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper sets up a mathematical model of three-dimensional steady turbulence heat transfer in an air-conditioned room of multi-polluting heat sources. Numerical simulation helps identify key factors in displacement ventilation systems that affect...

Wang, X.; Chen, J.; Li, Y.; Wang, Z.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

NREL: News - NREL Scientists Find Key Function for Ferredoxins...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

614 NREL Scientists Find Key Function for Ferredoxins in Algae Hydrogen Production Two of six iron-rich proteins shown to have role in algae metabolism; discovery could lead to...

166

Daylight quantum key distribution over 1.6 km  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum key distribution (QKD) has been demonstrated over a point-to-point transmission distance brings QKD a step closer to surface-to-satellite and other long-distance applications.

Buttler, W T; Lamoreaux, S K; Morgan, G L; Nordholt, J E; Peterson, C G

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Building America Expert Meeting: Key Innovations for Adding Energy...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

This report describes an expert meeting hosted by the Building America research team NAHB Research Center, which was held on February 8, 2012, in Orlando, Florida. The topic, Key...

168

Families First: Keys to Successful Family Functioning Communication  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Families First: Keys to Successful Family Functioning Communication Rick Peterson, Extension Specialist and Assistant Professor, Department of Human Development, Virginia Tech Stephen Green, Department of Human Development, Virginia Tech www.ext.vt.edu Produced by Communications and Marketing, College

Liskiewicz, Maciej

169

Self-referenced continuous-variable quantum key distribution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce a new continuous-variable quantum key distribution (CV-QKD) protocol, self-referenced CV-QKD, that eliminates the need for transmission of a high-power local oscillator between the communicating parties. In this protocol, each signal pulse is accompanied by a reference pulse (or a pair of twin reference pulses), used to align Alice's and Bob's measurement bases. We present a proof-of-principle, fiber-based experimental demonstration of the protocol and quantify the expected secret key rates by expressing them in terms of experimental parameters. Our analysis of the secret key rate fully takes into account the inherent uncertainty associated with the quantum nature of the reference pulse(s) and quantifies the limit at which the theoretical key rate approaches that of the respective conventional protocol that requires local oscillator transmission. The self-referenced protocol greatly simplifies the hardware required for CV-QKD, especially for potential integrated photonics implementations of trans...

Soh, Daniel B S; Coles, Patrick J; Ltkenhaus, Norbert; Camacho, Ryan M; Urayama, Junji; Sarovar, Mohan

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Nano Lect 1 Questions and Keypoints Key Points  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nano Lect 1 ­ Questions and Keypoints Key Points 1. What is nano technology: a. Very small technology with device in the 1nm to 100nm lots of useful properties Questions 1. Define nanotechnology. Is an nano

Smy, Tom

171

Input from Key Stakeholders in the National Security Technology Incubator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the input from key stakeholders of the National Security Technology Incubator (NSTI) in developing a new technology incubator and related programs for southern New Mexico. The technology incubator is being developed as part of the National Security Preparedness Project (NSPP), funded by a Department of Energy (DOE)/National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) grant. This report includes identification of key stakeholders as well as a description and analysis of their input for the development of an incubator.

None

2008-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

172

Quantum-Secure Authentication with a Classical Key  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Authentication provides the trust people need to engage in transactions. The advent of physical keys that are impossible to copy promises to revolutionize this field. Up to now, such keys have been verified by classical challenge-response protocols. Such protocols are in general susceptible to emulation attacks. Here we demonstrate Quantum-Secure Authentication ("QSA") of an unclonable classical physical key in a way that is inherently secure by virtue of quantum-physical principles. Our quantum-secure authentication operates in the limit of a large number of channels, represented by the more than thousand degrees of freedom of an optical wavefront shaped with a spatial light modulator. This allows us to reach quantum security with weak coherent pulses of light containing dozens of photons, too few for an adversary to determine their complex spatial shapes, thereby rigorously preventing emulation.

Sebastianus A. Goorden; Marcel Horstmann; Allard P. Mosk; Boris kori?; Pepijn W. H. Pinkse

2014-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

173

Field Test of Measurement-Device-Independent Quantum Key Distribution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A main type of obstacles of practical applications of quantum key distribution (QKD) network is various attacks on detection. Measurement-device-independent QKD (MDIQKD) protocol is immune to all these attacks and thus a strong candidate for network security. Recently, several proof-of-principle demonstrations of MDIQKD have been performed. Although novel, those experiments are implemented in the laboratory with secure key rates less than 0.1 bps. Besides, they need manual calibration frequently to maintain the system performance. These aspects render these demonstrations far from practicability. Thus, justification is extremely crucial for practical deployment into the field environment. Here, by developing an automatic feedback MDIQKD system operated at a high clock rate, we perform a field test via deployed fiber network of 30 km total length, achieving a 16.9 bps secure key rate. The result lays the foundation for a global quantum network which can shield from all the detection-side attacks.

Yan-Lin Tang; Hua-Lei Yin; Si-Jing Chen; Yang Liu; Wei-Jun Zhang; Xiao Jiang; Lu Zhang; Jian Wang; Li-Xing You; Jian-Yu Guan; Dong-Xu Yang; Zhen Wang; Hao Liang; Zhen Zhang; Nan Zhou; Xiongfeng Ma; Teng-Yun Chen; Qiang Zhang; Jian-Wei Pan

2014-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

174

Security Proof of a Semi-Quantum Key Distribution Protocol  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Semi-quantum key distribution protocols are designed to allow two users to establish a secure secret key when one of the two users is limited to performing certain "classical" operations. There have been several such protocols developed recently, however, due to their reliance on a two-way quantum communication channel (and thus, the attacker's opportunity to interact with the qubit twice), their security analysis is difficult and little is known concerning how secure they are compared to their fully quantum counterparts. In this paper we prove the unconditional security of a particular semi-quantum protocol. We derive an expression for the key rate of this protocol, in the asymptotic scenario, as a function of the quantum channel's noise. Finally, we will show that this semi-quantum protocol can tolerate a maximal noise level comparable to certain fully quantum protocols.

Walter O. Krawec

2014-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

175

Key Dates | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched5 IndustrialIsadore Perlman, 1960 The Ernest OrlandoJohn B.Jorge LuisKayeKey DatesKey

176

Key Dates | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched5 IndustrialIsadore Perlman, 1960 The Ernest OrlandoJohn B.Jorge LuisKayeKeyKey Dates

177

Key Dates | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched5 IndustrialIsadore Perlman, 1960 The Ernest OrlandoJohn B.Jorge LuisKayeKeyKey

178

Key Parameters Affecting DPF Performance Degradation and Impact on Lifetime  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeatMulti-Dimensionalthe10 DOEWashington, DC 20585on253.16582104)Key Issues Key

179

Key Concepts in Project Development and Financing in Alaska  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGY TAX POLICIES7.pdfFuel2007 | Department7JanuaryWASTE-TO-ENERGY:About » KeyKeyAbout

180

BUSCH CAMPUS KEY PICK UP INSTRUCTIONS: ALL STUDENTS: ONLY YOU CAN PICK UP YOUR KEY. You will be required to present photo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BUSCH CAMPUS KEY PICK UP INSTRUCTIONS: ALL STUDENTS: ONLY YOU CAN PICK UP YOUR KEY. You at the Housing and Residence Life Office, 581 Taylor Road, Busch Campus. If you are unable to pick up your key. _____________________________________________________________________________________ FIRST-YEAR STUDENTS MOVE-IN DAY KEY PICK UP BUSCH CAMPUS SATURDAY, AUGUST 28th 8:00 a.m. 2:00 p

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nems key macroeconomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Essays on Macroeconomics and Information Economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on-Hudson, NY: Levy Economics Institute, Bard College, 2010.Journal of Labor Economics, 7(3):281302, 1989. [4] S.N.Quarterly Jour- nal of Economics, 109(3):659, 1994. [6] Y.

Zambrano Riveros, Jorge Andres

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Essays on frictions in financial macroeconomics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3.2.4 Multivariate GARCH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .productivity: DCC-GARCH . . . . . . . 87 US conditionalquarterly growth volatility: GARCH(1,1) . . . . . . 85 Ratio

Kay, Benjamin S.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Three essays in finance and macroeconomics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the first chapter I investigate whether firms' physical investments react to the speculative over-pricing of their securities. I introduce investment considerations in an infinite horizon continuous time model with short ...

Panageas, Stavros

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Three Essays in Macroeconomics and Financial Economics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the vector xt to also include these lagged values. Consequently, x0t ? [y ? r? pi? g? o? pi o] ? . On the other hand, ?t = [a e z ?r] ? . The corresponding matrices A, B, and C are then given by A = ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 0 ?1 0 0 0 1...(5x2) 0 (2x5) ?22(2x2) ? ? ? . Next, let x1t = Z ? x0t such that, in particular, x1t = ? ? ? x11t x12t ? ? ? , where x11t(5x1) = Z ? 11 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? y?1 r?1 pi?1 g?1 o?1 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? +Z ? 21 ? ? ? pi o ? ? ? (1.57) and x12t...

Kacaribu, Febrio

2014-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

185

Essays on International Finance and Macroeconomics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1.10.2 DMW test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . DMWOS LRV estimators . . . . . . . . . . . . . DMW test: OS LRV

Kim, Young Ju

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Essays on macroeconomics and international trade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis focuses on the study of different aspects of income inequality across and within countries. In the first chapter, I study how the optimal provision of human capital is distorted in the presence of borrowing ...

Mestieri, Mart (Mestieri Ferre)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Essays on frictions in financial macroeconomics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

94 (1), Lucas, Robert E. , Econometric Policy Evaluation: Aorder flow based econometric measurements of spread

Kay, Benjamin S.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Term Structure Dynamics with Macroeconomic Factors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with Macro Variables I present an a ne term structure model with latent factors and observable macroeco- nomic variables. I denote a state variable vector by Xt = (x1t; ;xkt;xk+1t;:::;xnt)0, where the rstk factors are unobservable and the remaining (n k...) factors are macroe- conomic variables. Suppose that Xt follows an Ito process (2.3) dXt = K[ Xt]dt+ p StdWt; where K is an n n matrix, is an n 1 vector. St is an n n diagonal matrix and the ith diagonal element is given as i + 0iXt, where i is a...

Park, Ha-Il

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

189

Essays in International Finance and Macroeconomics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In that case, the Home SDF would also feature an additionaltwo stochastic discount factors (SDF), one for each country,1 R t+1 where ? t+1 is the US SDF, and R t+1 is any US asset

Maggiori, Matteo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Essays on Macroeconomics and International Finance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Production function, inventory, and goods demand . . .channel and inventory behavior . . . . . . . . . . . . . .inventories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Wang, Gewei

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Alternative Measures of Welfare in Macroeconomic Models  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines AboutDecemberSteam Coal Import CostsLiquidsYear JanYear Jan Feb MarAlternative Measures

192

Emerging Economies, Trade Policy, and Macroeconomic Shocks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are generally found to be the source of more than two thirds of the policy-imposing economies non-oil imports during the sample period, ranging from 65 percent for Thailand to 91 percent for Mexico. The Philippines is a notable outlier for which the available... import restrictions increased more than 50 percent between 2007 and 2010 alone. 3 Finally, Bown (2011) finds that many of the G20 emerging economies also in our sample including Argentina, Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Mexico, South Africa...

Bown, Chad P.; Crowley, Meredith A.

2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

193

Modelling macroeconomic flows related to large ensembles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, including, say, oil prices, interest rates, etc; dynamics of shares markets are governed by information are illustrated by flows of a liquid between interconnected reservoirs, where the heights of different reservoirs is changing with time, and movement of the liquid between the reservoirs is governed by gravity, see Figure 1

Schellekens, Michel P.

194

Essays in macroeconomics : information and financial markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis studies how information imperfections affect financial markets and the macroeconomy. Chapter 1 considers an economy where investors delegate their investment decisions to financial institutions that choose ...

Iovino, Luigi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Cedar Key Aquaculture Workshop Sulfide Concentrations in Sediments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cedar Key Aquaculture Workshop Sulfide Concentrations in Sediments and Water: Influence on Hard;ObjectivesObjectives Examine sediment sulfide levels in the SuwanneeExamine sediment sulfide levels of sulfide on hard clam survivalsurvival #12;MethodsMethods SedimentSediment porewaterporewater samples

Florida, University of

196

Dictionaries Using Variable-Length Keys and Data, with Applications *  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Isil- logn, 1) + Itil) and Isil is the length of bit string si. We assume a word length w > log m. We present string Isil > 1, Itil > 1 for all bit-strings si and ti. Fox' fixed-length keys the dictionary problem

Blelloch, Guy E.

197

TICKS: KEY TO GENERA IN UNITED STATES Harry D. Pratt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

·38 TICKS: KEY TO GENERA IN UNITED STATES Harry D. Pratt I Capitulum inferior; scutum absent. without definite sutural line. anus, indistinct, or absent. j ~ I lated .... ~ :. / ORNITHODOROS I ment Mouthparts much longer than ..~".'LJv--_, .0",,,,L } }_..., ---'~':r,.-.__.{ Mouthparts as long as basis

198

news and views A key issue for hydrogen storage materi-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

news and views A key issue for hydrogen storage materi- als is that the hydrogenation and dehydro be possible to discover stable hydrogen hydrates with higher storage Hydrogen Posture Plan www.eere.energy.gov/hydrogenandfuelcells/pdfs/ hydrogen_posture_plan.pdf 7. Kuhs, W

Palumbi, Stephen

199

Using Key Performance Indicators to Manage Energy Costs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-effective to collect much more data than ever before, many energy managers find themselves drowning in the volume of data generated. Business information systems faced a similar challenge a decade ago, and it is now common practice to use Key Performance Indicators...

Van Gorp, J. C.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Page 1 of 4 Creating and Submitting a Key Request  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of employees. Enter search criteria in the search fields available and select the down red arrow to filter the terms. #12;Page 3 of 4 13. On the Key Request Form - Room List windowpane, select Add New. 14 use the Select Drawing button after entering the building and floor to display the floor plan

Howitt, Ivan

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nems key macroeconomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Cold Boot Key Recovery by Solving Polynomial Systems with Noise  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cold Boot Key Recovery by Solving Polynomial Systems with Noise Martin Albrecht and Carlos Cid 1 proposed in [9]; the technique was called Cold Boot attacks. When considering block ciphers Cold Boot attacks, was proposed in [9] and also provided an insight into the strength of a particular

Sheldon, Nathan D.

202

The Seven Keys to Success in Energy Management and Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper is a summary of the seven key elements of the Deere & Company Energy Management and Conservation Program. These elements have been found to be essential for the ultimate success of any company-wide energy management program. The process...

Darby, D. F.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

SETTING INITIAL SECRET KEYS IN A MOBILE AD HOC NETWORK  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SETTING INITIAL SECRET KEYS IN A MOBILE AD HOC NETWORK Murat Cihan1 and C¸etin Kaya Ko¸c2,3 1 I@eecs.oregonstate.edu Abstract. Mobile ad hoc networks require specialized authentication protocols due to the mobility of users and lack of always-available trusted servers. There are a variety of mobile ad hoc authentication protocols

204

Termites, elephants and fire are key drivers of tree mortality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

mortality: 2 dominated by elephant damage, 2 by termite attack and 1 by fire. Wind and human activity wereTermites, elephants and fire are key drivers of tree mortality 5 plots suffered substantial tree not major causes of tree mortality. Sample sizes are too small to reasonably determine the most significant

205

Daylight quantum key distribution over 1.6 km  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum key distribution (QKD) has been demonstrated over a point-to-point $\\sim1.6$-km atmospheric optical path in full daylight. This record transmission distance brings QKD a step closer to surface-to-satellite and other long-distance applications.

W. T. Buttler; R. J. Hughes; S. K. Lamoreaux; G. L. Morgan; J. E. Nordholt; C. G. Peterson

2000-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

206

Key words: STREAMLINE, yeast, scale up, automation, sanitization.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

adsorption by defining a realistic process example at small scale and taking it all the way up to a fullyKey words: STREAMLINE, yeast, scale up, automation, sanitization. Abstract This application note was evaluated by performing a sanitization study in which the column and system were challenged with culture

Lebendiker, Mario

207

Highly Efficient Quantum Key Distribution Immune to All Detector Attacks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vulnerabilities and imperfections of single-photon detectors have been shown to compromise security for quantum key distribution (QKD). The measurement-device-independent QKD (MDI-QKD) appears to be the most appealing solution to solve the issues. However, in practice one faces severe obstacles of having significantly lower key generation rate, difficult two photon interferences, and remote synchronization etc. In this letter, we propose a highly efficient and simple quantum key distribution scheme to remove all of these drawbacks. Our proposal can be implemented with only small modifications over the standard decoy BB84 system. Remarkably it enjoys both the advantages of high key generation rate (being almost two orders of magnitude higher than that based on conventional MDI-QKD) comparable to the normal decoy system, and security against any detector side channel attacks. Most favorably one can achieve complete Bell state measurements with resort to single photon interference, which reduces significantly experimental costs. Our approach enables utilization of high speed and efficient secure communication, particularly in real-life scenario of both metropolitan and intercity QKD network, with an attack free fashion from arbitrary detector side channels.

Wen-Fei Cao; Yi-Zheng Zhen; Yu-Lin Zheng; Zeng-Bing Chen; Nai-Le Liu; Kai Chen; Jian-Wei Pan

2014-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

208

Essentials of Energy Key concepts for the day  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Essentials of Energy 4/14/05 Key concepts for the day Markets monopoly Substitution volatility Energy intensity Levelized costs externalities I. Market essentials Are there working energy markets · international geo-political issues Speculation Long lead times for development so supply is not very responsive

209

PEM FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGY Key Research Needs and Approaches  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Developer University #12;8 FUEL CELL RESEARCH NEEDS MEA optimization should focus on new materials Pt (full1 PEM FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGY Key Research Needs and Approaches Tom Jarvi UTC Power South Windsor, CT 06074 23 January 2008 #12;2 UTC POWER MARKET FOCUS Transportation Fuel Cells On-Site Power Solutions #12

210

BERNAL and RESTREPO Key issues for decentralization in municipal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BERNAL and RESTREPO Key issues for decentralization in municipal wastewater treatment Diana Paola, the inadequate management and disposal of wastewater and the implementation of sophisticated treatment systems is the decentralisation in wastewater treatment. In this article, it is proposed an overview of the state of the art

Boyer, Edmond

211

Public-Key Locally-Decodable Codes Brett Hemenway  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Semantically-Secure Public Key En- cryption (SS-PKE) and any Private Information Retrieval (PIR) protocol. Since Homomorphic encryption implies PIR, we also show a reduction from any Homomorphic encryption protocol to PKLDC. Applying our construction to the best known PIR protocol (that of Gentry and Ramzan), we

Ostrovsky, Rafail

212

In 2010 a group of key forestry players  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Forestry Skills Action Plan #12;Summary #12;In 2010 a group of key forestry players came together to start a movement across the sector to upskill the current, and train the future, forestry workforce. #12;In May 2010 Forestry Commission England convened a small cross- sector task and finish group

213

The U.S. ISO Key Project on Quasars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Observations for the U.S. key project on quasars using ISO were completed in April when the satellite's cryogen supply expired. This proceeding presents an update of the project, including information on the final sample, a discussion of some of the data reduction challenges and current efforts to meet them, plus a comparison of preliminary results with IRAS fluxes.

Eric Hooper; Belinda Wilkes; Kim McLeod; Jonathan McDowell; Martin Elvis; Matthew Malkan; Carol Lonsdale; Chris Impey

1998-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

214

Architecture of the Secoqc Quantum Key Distribution network  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The European projet Secoqc (Secure Communication based on Quantum Cryptography) aims at developing a global network for unconditionally secure key distribution. This paper specifies the requirements and presents the principles guiding the design of this network, and relevant to its architecture and protocols.

Mehrdad Dianati; Romain Alleaume

2006-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

215

The Design of a Group Key Agreement API Giuseppe Ateniese  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and communication-independent API. The rest of this paper is organized as follows. We be- gin with the notationThe Design of a Group Key Agreement API Giuseppe Ateniese Computer Science Department Johns Hopkins describes a protocol suite and an API geared for securing collab- orative applications. The API is based

Kim, Dae-Shik

216

Cryptanalysis of two knapsack public-key cryptosystems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Han1 {jguobi,hanlidong}@sdu.edu.cn mengxm@sdfi.edu.cn 1 Key Laboratory of Cryptologic Technology is useless to the security of the cryptosystem. Because of the special super increasing structure, we can. We show that the permutation algorithm is useless to avoid the low-density attack and the density

217

Putting cancer in focusPathologists key to picking the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Putting cancer in focusPathologists key to picking the right path to a cure momentum IN THIS ISSUE without cancer. #12;EDITOR Heather Newman DESIGN Diana Duren DIRECTOR OF PUBLICATIONS Wayne Wood ASSOCIATE / Photo Researchers, Inc. EDITORIAL OFFICE Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center 691 Preston Building Nashville

Eichman, Brandt F.

218

Efficient Algorithms for Implementing Elliptic Curve PublicKey Schemes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Efficient Algorithms for Implementing Elliptic Curve Public­Key Schemes by Dan Beauregard A Thesis Cyganski Thesis Advisor Thesis Committee Dr. Stanley Selkow Dr. John Orr Thesis Committee Department Head #12; Preface This thesis describes the research which I conducted while completing my graduate work

219

Key issues of FED/INTOR impurity control system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A key part of the FED/INTOR activity over the past year has focused on examining the critical issues and developing credible physics and engineering solutions for the impurity control system. The primary emphasis of the work was on the edge-region physics, plasma-wall interaction, materials, engineering and magnetic considerations of the poloidal divertor and pump limiter.

Abdou, M.A.

1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

The Key Coal Producers ONLINE SUPPORTING MATERIALS to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Key Coal Producers ONLINE SUPPORTING MATERIALS to A Global Coal Production Forecast with Multi's most important coal-producing area is North-Central China. The provinces of Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, Shaanxi and Shanxi together accounted for 83 percent of China's proven coal reserves in 2000, and Shanxi

Patzek, Tadeusz W.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nems key macroeconomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Key-Insulated Signcryption (Science and Technology on Communication Security Laboratory,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Key-Insulated Signcryption Jia Fan 1 (Science and Technology on Communication Security Laboratory addresses the issue of key exposure by proposing a key-insulated signcryption technique. We define a security model for key-insulated signcryption and prove that the key- insulated signcryption technique

Zheng, Yuliang

222

Public key Steganography Using Discrete Cross-Coupled Chaotic Maps  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

By cross-coupling two logistic maps a novel method is proposed for the public key steganography in JPEG image. Chaotic maps entail high complexity in the used algorithm for embedding secret data in a medium. In this paper, discrete cross- coupled chaotic maps are used to specifying the location of the different parts of the secret data in the image. Modifying JPEG format during compressing and decompressing, and also using public key enhanced difficulty of the algorithm. Simulation results show that in addition to excessive capacity, this method has high robustness and resistance against hackers and can be applicable in secret communication. Also the PSNR value is high compared to the other works.

Sodeif Ahadpour; Mahdiyeh Majidpour; Yaser Sadra

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

I t=106sec3a 10 Energy key) 10'  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Optics for EUV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Astronomy II, edited by Oberto Citterio, Stephen L. O'Dell, ProcRXTE HE& I t=106sec3a - AEIEH/2 a =10 - 10 Energy key) 10' IBIS NuSTAR Hard X-ray Optics Jason ESTAR will be the first satellite mission to employ focusing optics in the hard X-ray band (8- 80 keV). Its design

224

Economy key to 1992 U. S. oil, gas demand  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper provides a forecast US oil and gas markets and industry in 1992. An end to economic recession in the U.S. will boost petroleum demand modestly in 1992 after 2 years of decline. U.S. production will resume its slide after a fractional increase in 1991. Drilling in the U.S. will set a record low. Worldwide, the key questions are economic growth and export volumes from Iraq, Kuwait, and former Soviet republics.

Beck, R.J.

1992-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

225

City of Key West, Florida (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDITOhio (UtilityHolyrood, Kansas (Utility Company)JohnsonKennett, MissouriKey

226

New Approach to Quantum Key Distribution Via Quantum Encryption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this Paper, we investigate the security of Zhang, Li and Guo quantum key distribution via quantum encryption protocol [$\\text{Phys. Rev. A} \\textbf{64}, 24302 (2001)$] and show that it is not secure against some of Eve's attacks and with the probability one half she gets all of keys without being detected by the two parties. The main defect in this protocol is that there is an attack strategy by which Eve can change the previously shared Bell state between Alice and Bob to two Bell states among herself and Alice and Bob. Hence, we show that with probability $1/d$ its generalization to $d$-dimension systems is not secure and show that its extension to the case of more partners based on the reusable GHZ states is not secure and with probability one half Eve gets all of keys without being detected by the two parties. In what follows, we show how in going to higher dimensions those protocols can be repaired.

A. Fahmi

2006-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

227

E-Print Network 3.0 - access technologies key Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

electronic identifier (IdentiKey) including access and password requirements, account lockout... that are accessed using a university electronic identifier or IdentiKey. The...

228

A Comparison of Key PV Backsheet and Module Properties from Fielded...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

of Key PV Backsheet and Module Properties from Fielded Module Exposures and Accelerated Test Conditions A Comparison of Key PV Backsheet and Module Properties from Fielded...

229

Practical Training in Microalgae Utilization with Key Industry Engineering Group Key Industry Engineering Group s.r.o. has developed a biotechnology for the production of an animal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Practical Training in Microalgae Utilization with Key Industry Engineering Group Key Industry on a suspension of Planktochlorella microalgae. The product consists of a suspension of algae in the growing

230

Key results from SB8 simulant flowsheet studies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Key technically reviewed results are presented here in support of the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) acceptance of Sludge Batch 8 (SB8). This report summarizes results from simulant flowsheet studies of the DWPF Chemical Process Cell (CPC). Results include: Hydrogen generation rate for the Sludge Receipt and Adjustment Tank (SRAT) and Slurry Mix Evaporator (SME) cycles of the CPC on a 6,000 gallon basis; Volume percent of nitrous oxide, N2O, produced during the SRAT cycle; Ammonium ion concentrations recovered from the SRAT and SME off-gas; and, Dried weight percent solids (insoluble, soluble, and total) measurements and density.

Koopman, D. C.

2013-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

231

Orthogonal-state-based protocols of quantum key agreement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Two orthogonal-state-based protocols of quantum key agreement (QKA) are proposed. The first protocol of QKA proposed here is designed for two-party QKA, whereas the second protocol is designed for multi-party QKA. Security of these orthogonal-state-based protocols arise from monogamy of entanglement. This is in contrast to the existing protocols of QKA where security arises from the use of non-orthogonal state (non-commutativity principle). Further, it is shown that all the quantum systems that are useful for implementation of quantum dialogue and most of the protocols of secure direct quantum communication can be modified to implement protocols of QKA.

Chitra Shukla; Nasir Alam; Anirban Pathak

2013-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

232

2014 CATEE: Collaboration is the Key- Public/Private Partnerships  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Texas Nov. 18-20 HGOC Education and Outreach ? District Meetings ? Peer Exchange ? Workshops ? Webinars ? One-on-One Trainings ? Newsletters ? Social media ESL-KT-14-11-24 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18...2014 CATEE Collaboration is the Key - Public/Private Partnerships November 19, 2014 Lisa Lin, Sustainability Manager, City of Houston ESL-KT-14-11-24 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18-20 City of Houston...

Lin, L.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

LEDSGP/Transportation Toolkit/Key Actions | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429 ThrottledInformation KumasiTools < LEDSGP‎ | DIA-Toolkit Jump<Key

234

NERSC Played Key Role in Nobel Laureate's Discovery  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recovery challengeMultiscaleLogos NERSC Logos NERSC logos arePlayed Key Role in Nobel

235

NNSA Administrator, Three Lab Directors Tour Key Weapons Facility |  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recovery challengeMultiscaleLogos NERSCJeffreyKey ActionsThe NextAwards

236

Key Dates | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched5 IndustrialIsadore Perlman, 1960 The Ernest OrlandoJohn B.Jorge LuisKayeKey Dates

237

Key Dates | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched5 IndustrialIsadore Perlman, 1960 The Ernest OrlandoJohn B.Jorge LuisKayeKey

238

A Key Enzyme to the Potency of an Anticancer Agent  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered‰PNGExperience hands-onASTROPHYSICSHe β-Research andA Hollow-IonHybridA Key

239

A Key Enzyme to the Potency of an Anticancer Agent  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered‰PNGExperience hands-onASTROPHYSICSHe β-Research andA Hollow-IonHybridA KeyA

240

A Key Enzyme to the Potency of an Anticancer Agent  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered‰PNGExperience hands-onASTROPHYSICSHe β-Research andA Hollow-IonHybridA KeyAA

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nems key macroeconomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

A Key Enzyme to the Potency of an Anticancer Agent  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered‰PNGExperience hands-onASTROPHYSICSHe β-Research andA Hollow-IonHybridA KeyAAA

242

Iron is the Key to Preserving Dinosaur Soft Tissue  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickrinformation for andFuel-Efficient Engines |Iron is the Key to

243

Iron is the Key to Preserving Dinosaur Soft Tissue  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickrinformation for andFuel-Efficient Engines |Iron is the Key toIron is

244

Key Activities in Energy Efficiency | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGY TAX POLICIES7.pdfFuel2007 | Department7JanuaryWASTE-TO-ENERGY:About » Key Activities

245

GE Key Partner in Innovation Institutes | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun with Big Sky Learning Fun with Big SkyDIII-D Performance ToolsGlobalIs Key

246

Key Activities in Wind Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |EnergyonSupport0.pdf5 OPAM SEMIANNUAL REPORT TOJaredKansas City DataKen Salazar AboutKey

247

Key Activities of the Geothermal Technologies Office | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists'Montana.ProgramJulietipDepartmentJuneWhen IAjani Stewart was close toKeri FultonKey

248

Catalysis Center for Energy Innovation KEY ACCOMPLISHMENTS AND CORE CAPABILITIES  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation InInformationCenterResearchCASL Symposium:and Technical Information Catalogue ofKEY

249

Florida Keys El Coop Assn, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Power Basics (TheEtelligence (SmartHome Kyoung's pictureFlint ElectricKeys El

250

US Green Building Council Keys Branch Presents: Designing Mosquito Free Cisterns  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Higgins, Sustainability Director - City of Key West Rainwater Harvesting from Roof Collection through

Watson, Craig A.

251

Towards Black-Box Accountable Authority IBE with Short Ciphertexts and Private Keys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Towards Black-Box Accountable Authority IBE with Short Ciphertexts and Private Keys Beno^it Libert1 in Identity-Based Encryption. In this model, if the Private Key Generator (PKG) maliciously re' public keys are public identifiers (e.g. email addresses) and the matching private keys are derived

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

252

Encryption Key Search using Java-based ALiCE Grid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Encryption Key Search is a compute-intensive operation that consists of a brute-force search of a particular key in a given key space. Sequential execution time for a 56-bit encryption key search is approximately 200,000 ...

Virkar, Ameya

253

Key Response Planning Factors for the Aftermath of Nuclear Terrorism  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Despite hundreds of above-ground nuclear tests and data gathered from Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the effects of a ground-level, low-yield nuclear detonation in a modern urban environment are still the subject of considerable scientific debate. Extensive review of nuclear weapon effects studies and discussions with nuclear weapon effects experts from various federal agencies, national laboratories, and technical organizations have identified key issues and bounded some of the unknowns required to support response planning for a low-yield, ground-level nuclear detonation in a modern U.S. city. This study, which is focused primarily upon the hazards posed by radioactive fallout, used detailed fallout predictions from the advanced suite of three-dimensional (3-D) meteorology and plume/fallout models developed at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), including extensive global Key Response Planning Factors for the Aftermath of Nuclear Terrorism geographical and real-time meteorological databases to support model calculations. This 3-D modeling system provides detailed simulations that account for complex meteorology and terrain effects. The results of initial modeling and analysis were presented to federal, state, and local working groups to obtain critical, broad-based review and feedback on strategy and messaging. This effort involved a diverse set of communities, including New York City, National Capitol Regions, Charlotte, Houston, Portland, and Los Angeles. The largest potential for reducing casualties during the post-detonation response phase comes from reducing exposure to fallout radiation. This can be accomplished through early, adequate sheltering followed by informed, delayed evacuation.B The response challenges to a nuclear detonation must be solved through multiple approaches of public education, planning, and rapid response actions. Because the successful response will require extensive coordination of a large number of organizations, supplemented by appropriate responses by local responders and the general population within the hazard zones, regional planning is essential to success. The remainder of this Executive Summary provides summary guidance for response planning in three areas: (1) Public Protection Strategy details the importance of early, adequate shelter followed by informed evacuation. (2) Responder Priorities identify how to protect response personnel, perform regional situational assessment, and support public safety. (3) Key Planning Considerations refute common myths and provide important information on planning how to respond in the aftermath of nuclear terrorism.

Buddemeier, B R; Dillon, M B

2009-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

254

The National Energy Modeling System: An overview 1998  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) is a computer-based, energy-economy modeling system of US energy markets for the midterm period through 2020. NEMS projects the production, imports, conversion, consumption, and prices of energy, subject to assumptions on macroeconomic and financial factors world energy markets, resource availability and costs, behavior and technological choice criteria, cost and performance characteristics of energy technologies, and demographics. This report presents an overview of the structure and methodology of NEMS and each of its components. The first chapter provides a description of the design and objectives of the system, followed by a chapter on the overall modeling structure and solution algorithm. The remainder of the report summarizes the methodology and scope of the component modules of NEMS. The model descriptions are intended for readers familiar with terminology from economics, operations research, and energy modeling. 21 figs.

NONE

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Risk and Performance Technologies: Identifying the Keys to Successful Implementation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The nuclear power industry has been utilizing risk and performance based technologies for over thirty years. Applications of these technologies have included risk assessment (e.g. Individual Plant Examinations), burden reduction (e.g. Risk-Informed Inservice Inspection, RI-ISI) and risk management (Maintenance Rule, 10CFR50.65). Over the last five to ten years the number of risk-informed (RI) burden reduction initiatives has increased. Unfortunately, the efficiencies of some of these applications have been questionable. This paper investigates those attributes necessary to support successful, cost-effective RI-applications. The premise to this paper is that by understanding the key attributes that support one successful application, insights can be gleaned that will streamline/coordinate future RI-applications. This paper is an extension to a paper presented at the Pressure Vessel and Piping (PVP-2001) Conference. In that paper, a number issues and opportunities were identified that needed to be assessed in order to support future (and efficient) RI-applications. It was noted in the paper that a proper understanding and resolution of these issues will facilitate implementation of risk and performance technology in the operation, maintenance and design disciplines. In addition, it will provide the foundation necessary to support regulatory review and approval. (authors)

McClain, Lynn [Niagara Mohawk (United States); Smith, Art [Entergy Operations (United States); O'Regan, Patrick [Electric Power Research Institute - EPRI, 3420 Hillview Avenue, Palo Alto, California 94304 (United States)

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Environmental labelling of green electricity with LCA key parameter models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since the opening of European electricity markets, companies are launching green electricity products. In Switzerland the privately initiated eco-label naturemade star ensures the environmental and ecological quality of electricity from renewable energy sources on a local scale and from a life cycle perspective. For the life cycle perspective, a simplified and partly site-specific life cycle assessment (LCA) is applied using the Eco-indicator 99 (Hierachist perspective) impact assessment method. In a first step, detailed LCAs case studies are made for power plants and technologies that are candidates for the naturemade star label. They allow identifying technology-specific parameters that dominate the outcome of the LCA and for which data are available for the owner or operator of the power plant at issue. Based on this knowledge, key parameter models for photovoltaic, wind and hydroelectric power and electricity from biogas have been established on a spreadsheet-basis. With the help of the parameter models, operators of power plants can carry out the required LCA within a few hours. At the same time, they can check whether the plant fulfils the naturemade star threshold or not, which has been set to 50 % of the environmental impact of a gas combined cycle power plant. Within a few months since the introduction of the labelling scheme, companies successfully applied the parameter models on nearly 50 photovoltaic and on several hydroelectric power plants. LCA is, in combination with other tools, a useful method for the definition of standards for environmental labelling of green electricity.

unknown authors

257

Key Geomechanics Issues at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Geomechanics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mechanical and hydrological properties of rock salt provide excellent bases for geological isolation of hazardous materials. Regulatory compliance determinations for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) stand as testament to the widely held conclusion that salt provides excellent isolation properties. The WIPP saga began in the 1950s when the U.S. National Academy of Sciences (NAS) recommended a salt vault as a promising solution to the national problem of nuclear waste disposal. For over 20 years, the Scientific basis for the NAS recommendation has been fortified by Sandia National Laboratories through a series of large scale field tests and laboratory investigations of salt properties. These scientific investigations helped develop a comprehensive understanding of salt's 4 reformational behavior over an applicable range of stresses and temperatures. Sophisticated constitutive modeling, validated through underground testing, provides the computational ability to model long-term behavior of repository configurations. In concert with advancement of the mechanical models, fluid flow measurements showed not only that the evaporite lithology was essentially impermeable but that the WIPP setting was hydrologically inactive. Favorable mechanical properties ensure isolation of materials placed in a salt geological setting. Key areas of the geomechanics investigations leading to the certification of WIPP are in situ experiments, laboratory tests, and shaft seal design.

HANSEN,FRANCIS D.

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Lowest Engine-Out Emissions as the Key to the Future of the Heavy...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Lowest Engine-Out Emissions as the Key to the Future of the Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine: New Development Rersults Lowest Engine-Out Emissions as the Key to the Future of the...

259

Evaluation of the effects of a highway improvement project on Key deer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

assessed the potential impacts of the US 1 corridor project to Key deer movements by comparing (1) radio-collared Key deer annual ranges (2) radio-collared deer corridor movements, and (3) assessing Key deer underpass and corridor use. Female and male...

Braden, Anthony Wayne

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

260

Weak-Key Analysis of POET Mohamed Ahmed Abdelraheem, Andrey Bogdanov, and Elmar Tischhauser  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Weak-Key Analysis of POET Mohamed Ahmed Abdelraheem, Andrey Bogdanov, and Elmar Tischhauser,anbog,ewti}@dtu.dk Abstract. We evaluate the security of the recently proposed authenticated encryption scheme POET. We give explicit constructions for weak key classes not covered by POET's weak key testing strategy

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nems key macroeconomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Weakness of two ID-based remote mutual authentication with key agreement protocols for mobile devices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to achieve explicit key confirmation. We also point out Wu's scheme decreases efficiency by using the double by the traditional public-key cryptography (Rivest et al., 1978; ElGama, l985). The computation ability and battery the number of users is increased, KAC needs a large storage space to store users' public keys

262

Imnaha Subbasin Assessment May 2004259 1.2.10.3 Key Environmental Correlates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, such as roads, buildings, and pollution. Including these fine-scale attributes of an animal's environment whenImnaha Subbasin Assessment May 2004259 1.2.10.3 Key Environmental Correlates Key environmental conditions. Key environmental correlates are the finest scale features that help to define wildlife habitat

263

Origin of a complex key innovation in an obligate insectplant mutualism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Origin of a complex key innovation in an obligate insect­plant mutualism Olle Pellmyr* and Harald W, and approved January 30, 2002 (received for review November 2, 2001) Evolutionary key innovations give for studies of coevolution, and it relies on the key innovation in the moths of complex tentacles used

Krenn, Harald W.

264

Private Key Recovery Combination Attacks: On Extreme Fragility of Popular Bitcoin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Private Key Recovery Combination Attacks: On Extreme Fragility of Popular Bitcoin Key Management and practical operational security in bitcoin digital currency storage systems. We study the security two most used bitcoin HD Wallet key management solutions (e.g. in BIP032 and in earlier systems). These systems

265

Distribution and abundance of endangered Florida Key deer on outer islands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

parameters has limited status assessment and management of Key deer on outer islands. Traditional survey techniques for Key deer on Big Pine and No Name keys include road-counts, strip-counts, and mark-recapture methods. However, practical limitations render...

Watts, Dominque Elijah

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

266

A Key Technology Evaluation Case Study: Applying a New Middleware Architecture on the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Key Technology Evaluation Case Study: Applying a New Middleware Architecture on the Enterprise, fgoedickejuzdung@informatik.uni-essen.de Abstract Decisions for key technologies, like middleware, for large scale projects are hard, because the impact and relevance of key technologies go beyond their core technological

Zdun, Uwe

267

The generation of shared cryptographic keys through channel impulse response estimation at 60 GHz.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Methods to generate private keys based on wireless channel characteristics have been proposed as an alternative to standard key-management schemes. In this work, we discuss past work in the field and offer a generalized scheme for the generation of private keys using uncorrelated channels in multiple domains. Proposed cognitive enhancements measure channel characteristics, to dynamically change transmission and reception parameters as well as estimate private key randomness and expiration times. Finally, results are presented on the implementation of a system for the generation of private keys for cryptographic communications using channel impulse-response estimation at 60 GHz. The testbed is composed of commercial millimeter-wave VubIQ transceivers, laboratory equipment, and software implemented in MATLAB. Novel cognitive enhancements are demonstrated, using channel estimation to dynamically change system parameters and estimate cryptographic key strength. We show for a complex channel that secret key generation can be accomplished on the order of 100 kb/s.

Young, Derek P.; Forman, Michael A.; Dowdle, Donald Ryan

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Secure Cryptographic Key Management System (CKMS) Considerations for Smart Grid Devices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, we examine some unique challenges associated with key management in the Smart Grid and concomitant research initiatives: 1) effectively model security requirements and their implementations, and 2) manage keys and key distribution for very large scale deployments such as Smart Meters over a long period of performance. This will set the stage to: 3) develop innovative, low cost methods to protect keying material, and 4) provide high assurance authentication services. We will present our perspective on key management and will discuss some key issues within the life cycle of a cryptographic key designed to achieve the following: 1) control systems designed, installed, operated, and maintained to survive an intentional cyber assault with no loss of critical function, and 2) widespread implementation of methods for secure communication between remote access devices and control centers that are scalable and cost-effective to deploy.

Abercrombie, Robert K [ORNL] [ORNL; Sheldon, Frederick T [ORNL] [ORNL; Aldridge, Hal [ORNL] [ORNL; Duren, Mike [Sypris Electronics, LLC] [Sypris Electronics, LLC; Ricci, Tracy [Sypris Electronics, LLC] [Sypris Electronics, LLC; Bertino, Elisa [ORNL] [ORNL; Kulatunga, Athula [Purdue University] [Purdue University; Navaratne, Uditha Sudheera [Purdue University] [Purdue University

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Secure multi-party communication with quantum key distribution managed by trusted authority  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Techniques and tools for implementing protocols for secure multi-party communication after quantum key distribution ("QKD") are described herein. In example implementations, a trusted authority facilitates secure communication between multiple user devices. The trusted authority distributes different quantum keys by QKD under trust relationships with different users. The trusted authority determines combination keys using the quantum keys and makes the combination keys available for distribution (e.g., for non-secret distribution over a public channel). The combination keys facilitate secure communication between two user devices even in the absence of QKD between the two user devices. With the protocols, benefits of QKD are extended to multi-party communication scenarios. In addition, the protocols can retain benefit of QKD even when a trusted authority is offline or a large group seeks to establish secure communication within the group.

Nordholt, Jane Elizabeth; Hughes, Richard John; Peterson, Charles Glen

2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

270

Daylight operation of a free space, entanglement-based quantum key distribution system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many quantum key distribution (QKD) implementations using a free space transmission path are restricted to operation at night time in order to distinguish the signal photons used for a secure key establishment from background light. Here, we present a lean entanglement-based QKD system overcoming that imitation. By implementing spectral, spatial and temporal filtering techniques, we were able to establish a secure key continuously over several days under varying light and weather conditions.

Peloso, Matthew P; Ho, Caleb; Lamas-Linares, Antia; Kurtsiefer, Christian

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Daylight operation of a free space, entanglement-based quantum key distribution system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many quantum key distribution (QKD) implementations using a free space transmission path are restricted to operation at night time in order to distinguish the signal photons used for a secure key establishment from background light. Here, we present a lean entanglement-based QKD system overcoming that imitation. By implementing spectral, spatial and temporal filtering techniques, we were able to establish a secure key continuously over several days under varying light and weather conditions.

Matthew P. Peloso; Ilja Gerhardt; Caleb Ho; Antia Lamas-Linares; Christian Kurtsiefer

2008-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

272

E-Print Network 3.0 - apoptosis key players Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary: -publication: http:www.landesbioscience.comjournalsccabstract.php?id3262 KEY WORDS cyclin A, apoptosis, Xenopus... is Sufficient but not Required for the...

273

E-Print Network 3.0 - address key issues Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

term schedule. Summary: to their rental fees, before they obtain their locker key. Lockout situations can only be addressed through... of the renter to clean out hisher locker...

274

Modeling Metal Fatigue As a Key Step in PV Module Life Time Prediction (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation covers modeling metal fatigue as a key step in photovoltaic (PV) module lifetime predictions. Described are time-dependent and time-independent case studies.

Bosco, N.

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Your biodiversity in my backyard : key local stakeholders' perceptions of biodiversity conservation in Gorontalo, Indonesia.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The establishment of protected areas (PAs) has been the key national strategy in biodiversity conservation, through preserving the unique wildlife and ecosystems in Indonesia. As (more)

Kartikasari, Sri Nurani

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Major Long Haul Truck Idling Generators in Key States ELECTRIC POWER RESEARCH INSTITUTE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Major Long Haul Truck Idling Generators in Key States 1013776 #12;#12;ELECTRIC POWER RESEARCH-0813 USA 800.313.3774 650.855.2121 askepri@epri.com www.epri.com Major Long Haul Truck Idling Generators Haul Truck Idling Generators in Key States. EPRI, Palo Alto, CA: 2008. 1013776. #12;#12;v PRODUCT

277

The Continental Margin is a Key Source of Iron to the HNLC North Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Continental Margin is a Key Source of Iron to the HNLC North Pacific Ocean Phoebe J. Lam1 concentrations in the upper 500m of the Western Subarctic Pacific, an iron-limited High Nutrient Low Chlorophyll a key source of bioavailable Fe to the HNLC North Pacific. Keywords: iron, continental margin, HNLC 1

278

A Trustful Authentication and Key Exchange Scheme (TAKES) for Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Trustful Authentication and Key Exchange Scheme (TAKES) for Ad Hoc Networks Tony Cheneau National public key distribution scheme adapted to ad hoc networks called TAKES for Trustful Authentication, or even implementing a light naming system can be enabled on top of ad hoc networks. TAKES is formally

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

279

Granite Recrystallization The Key to an Alternative Strategy for HLW Disposal? Fergus G.F. Gibb  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Granite Recrystallization ­ The Key to an Alternative Strategy for HLW Disposal? Fergus G.F. Gibb, and hence the key to the entire strategy, depends on whether sufficient melting of granite host rock can-temperature, high-pressure experiments reported here demonstrate that granite can be partially melted and completely

Sheffield, University of

280

A Single-Key Attack on 6-Round KASUMI Teruo Saito1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Single-Key Attack on 6-Round KASUMI Teruo Saito1 NEC Software Hokuriku, Ltd. 1, Anyoji, Hakusan. In 2010, a related-key attack on full KASUMI was reported. The attack was very powerful and worked in practical complexity. However the attack was not a direct threat to full KASUMI because of the impractical

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nems key macroeconomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Band structures Optical absorption Summary Key concepts in Density Functional Theory (II)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Band structures Optical absorption Summary Key concepts in Density Functional Theory (II) Kohn, Belfast Key concepts in Density Functional Theory (II) Silvana Botti #12;Band structures Optical in Density Functional Theory (II) Silvana Botti #12;Band structures Optical absorption Summary Outline 1 From

Botti, Silvana

282

An efficient certificateless two-party authenticated key agreement scheme from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-based cryptography. Key agreement(KA) schemes are designed to provide secure communications between two or more proposed. However, these schemes need to compute at least one pairing on-line. In order to improve to finished the key agreement. Our scheme's overhead is lower than that of previous schemes [3

283

Modified Bennett-Brassard 1984 Quantum Key Distribution With Two-way Classical Communications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The quantum key distribution protocol without public announcement of bases is equipped with a two-way classical communication symmetric entanglement purification protocol. This modified key distribution protocol is unconditionally secure and has a higher tolerable error rate of 20%, which is higher than previous scheme without public announcement of bases.

Kai Wen; Gui Lu Long

2005-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

284

Linkages between coastal runoff and the Florida Keys ecosystem: A study of a dark plume event  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a dark water plume from near Charlotte Harbor, Florida, to the Dry Tortugas in the Florida Keys in mid, respectively. The dark color became increasingly dominated by colored dissolved organic matter, toward the DryLinkages between coastal runoff and the Florida Keys ecosystem: A study of a dark plume event

285

Public Key Encryption that Allows PIR Queries Dan Boneh # Eyal Kushilevitz + Rafail Ostrovsky #  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Public Key Encryption that Allows PIR Queries Dan Boneh # Eyal Kushilevitz + Rafail Ostrovsky a public­key encryption scheme for Alice that allows PIR searching over encrypted documents. Our solution­trivially small communication complexity. The main technique of our solution also allows for Single­Database PIR

286

Energy Efficiency of Symmetric Key Cryptographic Algorithms in Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Efficiency of Symmetric Key Cryptographic Algorithms in Wireless Sensor Networks Xueying-- In this paper, we examine the energy efficiency of symmetric key cryptographic algorithms applied in wireless energy efficiency with a level of security suitable for wireless sensor networks. Keywords - wireless

Heys, Howard

287

A Method for Obtaining Digital Signatures and PublicKey Cryptosystems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

re vealing an encryption key does not thereby reveal the corresponding decryption key. This has two, or the entire work requires specific permission as does republication, or systematic or multiple reproduction . Formally, D(E(M) = M: (1) (b) Both E and D are easy to compute. (c) By publicly revealing E the user does

Goldwasser, Shafi

288

Direct quadrature phase shift keying modulator using six-port technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Direct quadrature phase shift keying modulator using six-port technology Y. Zhao, C. Viereck, J.F. Frigon, R.G. Bosisio and K. Wu A direct quadrature phase shift keying modulator based on six-port technology is presented. The modulator comprises a six-port circuit, a switch matrix and open and short

Frigon, Jean-François

289

Structured Codes Improve the Bennett-Brassard-84 Quantum Key Rate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A central goal in information theory and cryptography is finding simple characterizations of optimal communication rates subject to various restrictions and security requirements. Ideally, the optimal key rate for a quantum key distribution (QKD) protocol would be given by {\\em single-letter formula} involving a simple optimization over a single use of an effective channel. We explore the possibility of such a formula for one of the simplest and most widely used QKD protocols--Bennett-Brassard-84 (BB84) with one way classical post-processing. We show that a conjectured single-letter key-rate formula is false, uncovering a deep ignorance about asymptotically good private codes and pointing towards unfortunate complications in the theory of QKD. These complications are not without benefit--with added complexity comes better key rates than previously thought possible. We improve the threshold for secure key generation from a bit error rate of 0.124 to 0.129.

Graeme Smith; Joseph M. Renes; John A. Smolin

2008-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

290

A QUICK KEY TO THE SUBFAMILIES AND GENERA OF ANTS OF THE SAVANNAH RIVER SITE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This taxonomic key was devised to support development of a Rapid Bioassessment Protocol using ants at the Savannah River Site. The emphasis is on 'rapid' and, because the available keys contained a very large number of genera not known to occur at the Savannah River Site, we found that the available keys were unwieldy. Because these keys contained many more genera than we would ever encounter and because this larger number of genera required more couplets in the key and often required examination of characters that are difficult to assess without higher magnifications (60X or higher), more time was required to process samples. In developing this set of keys I emphasized character states that are easier for nonspecialists to recognize. I recognize that the character sets used may lead to some errors but I believe that the error rate will be small and, for the purpose of rapid bioassessment, this error rate will be acceptable provided that overall sample sizes are adequate. Oliver and Beattie (1996a, 1996b) found that for rapid assessment of biodiversity the same results were found when identifications were done to morphospecies by people with minimal expertise as when the same data sets were identified by subject matter experts. Basset et al. (2004) concluded that it was not as important to correctly identify all species as it was to be sure that the study included as many functional groups as possible. If your study requires high levels of accuracy, it is highly recommended that, when you key out a specimen and have any doubts concerning the identification, you should refer to keys in Bolton (1994) or to the other keys used to develop this area specific taxonomic key.

Martin, D

2007-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

291

Phase-remapping attack in practical quantum-key-distribution systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Quantum key distribution (QKD) can be used to generate secret keys between two distant parties. Even though QKD has been proven unconditionally secure against eavesdroppers with unlimited computation power, practical implementations of QKD may contain loopholes that may lead to the generated secret keys being compromised. In this paper, we propose a phase-remapping attack targeting two practical bidirectional QKD systems (the 'plug-and-play' system and the Sagnac system). We showed that if the users of the systems are unaware of our attack, the final key shared between them can be compromised in some situations. Specifically, we showed that, in the case of the Bennett-Brassard 1984 (BB84) protocol with ideal single-photon sources, when the quantum bit error rate (QBER) is between 14.6% and 20%, our attack renders the final key insecure, whereas the same range of QBER values has been proved secure if the two users are unaware of our attack; also, we demonstrated three situations with realistic devices where positive key rates are obtained without the consideration of Trojan horse attacks but in fact no key can be distilled. We remark that our attack is feasible with only current technology. Therefore, it is very important to be aware of our attack in order to ensure absolute security. In finding our attack, we minimize the QBER over individual measurements described by a general POVM, which has some similarity with the standard quantum state discrimination problem.

Fung, Chi-Hang Fred; Qi, Bing; Lo, Hoi-Kwong [Center for Quantum Information and Quantum Control, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and Department of Physics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Tamaki, Kiyoshi [NTT Basic Research Laboratories, NTT Corporation, 3-1, Morinosato Wakamiya Atsugi-Shi, Kanagawa 243-0198, Japan and CREST, JST Agency, 4-1-8 Honcho, Kawaguchi, Saitama 332-0012 (Japan)

2007-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

292

Security analysis of the decoy method with the Bennett-Brassard 1984 protocol for finite key lengths  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper provides a formula for the sacrifice bit-length for privacy amplification with the Bennett-Brassard 1984 protocol for finite key lengths when we employ the decoy method. Using the formula, we can guarantee the security parameter for realizable quantum key distribution system. The key generation rates with finite key lengths are numerically evaluated. The proposed method improves the existing key generation rate even in the asymptotic setting.

Masahito Hayashi; Ryota Nakayama

2013-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

293

Quantum key distribution over 25 km with an all-fiber continuous-variable system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on the implementation of a reverse-reconciliated coherent-state continuous-variable quantum key distribution system, with which we generated secret keys at a rate of more than 2 kb/s over 25 km of optical fiber. Time multiplexing is used to transmit both the signal and phase reference in the same optical fiber. Our system includes all experimental aspects required for a field implementation of a quantum key distribution setup. Real-time reverse reconciliation is achieved by using fast and efficient LDPC error correcting codes.

Jerome Lodewyck; Matthieu Bloch; Raul Garcia-Patron; Simon Fossier; Evgueni Karpov; Eleni Diamanti; Thierry Debuisschert; Nicolas J. Cerf; Rosa Tualle-Brouri; Steven W. McLaughlin; Philippe Grangier

2007-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

294

Key Collections  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickrinformationPostdocs & Graduates > TheFoxLeads DOE's E-gov

295

The National Energy Modeling System: An overview  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) is a computer-based, energy-economy modeling system of US energy markets for the midterm period of 1990 to 2010. NEMS projects the production, imports, conversion, consumption, and prices of energy, subject to assumptions on macroeconomic and financial factors, world energy markets, resource availability and costs, behavioral and technological choice criteria, cost and performance characteristics of energy technologies, and demographics. This report presents an overview of the structure and methodology of NEMS and each of its components. The first chapter provides a description of the design and objectives of the system. The second chapter describes the modeling structure. The remainder of the report summarizes the methodology and scope of the component modules of NEMS. The model descriptions are intended for readers familiar with terminology from economics, operations research, and energy modeling. Additional background on the development of the system is provided in Appendix A of this report, which describes the EIA modeling systems that preceded NEMS. More detailed model documentation reports for all the NEMS modules are also available from EIA.

Not Available

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Color Key 1/25/2012 4.1.1 PTCS and Heat Pump Measures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Color Key 1/25/2012 4.1.1 PTCS and Heat Pump Measures Staff Summary of Ecotope Recommendation: Staff Response and Recommended Action: 4.1.3 Ductless Heat Pumps Staff Summary of Ecotope Recommendation

297

Exploiting KeyNote in WebCom: Architecture Neutral Glue for Trust Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Exploiting KeyNote in WebCom: Architecture Neutral Glue for Trust Management Simon N. Foley, Thomas B. Quillinan, John P. Morrison, David A. Power, James J. Kennedy. Department of Computer Science

Foley, Simon

298

Broadband marine MT exploration of the East Pacific Rise at 9500 Kerry Key and Steven Constable  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Broadband marine MT exploration of the East Pacific Rise at 9°°500 N Kerry Key and Steven Constable., and S. Constable, Broadband marine MT exploration of the East Pacific Rise at 9°500 N, Geophys. Res

Key, Kerry

299

Test Scanning Request Form Please complete one form for each test and key.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Test Scanning Request Form Please complete one form for each test and key. This Section: Test Name: Contact Person: Email Regarding This Scan Date Received Time Initials Number of Tests Scored: / / : A.M. P

Pantaleone, Jim

300

Environmental Activism as Collective Action Key words: Environmental activism, environmental behavior, collective action,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Environmental Activism as Collective Action Key words: Environmental activism, environmental behavior, collective action, environmentalism, collective interest model. Mark Lubell Department The literature on environmental activism has failed to produce a model of individual decision- making explicitly

Lubell, Mark

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nems key macroeconomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Vit Plant receives and sets key air filtration equipment for Low Activity Waste Facility  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

WTP lifted a nearly 100-ton carbon bed absorber into the Low-Activity Waste Facility. This key piece of air-filtration equipment will remove mercury and acidic gases before air is channeled through...

302

HES Human Environmental Sciences KEY: # = new course * = course changed = course dropped  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HES Human Environmental Sciences KEY: # = new course * = course changed = course dropped SchoolofHumanEnvironmentalSciences HES 100 AN INTRODUCTION TO PROFESSIONS IN HUMAN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES. (1) An orientation to human environmental sciences, its history, contemporary issues and philosophy

MacAdam, Keith

303

Security of the Quantum Key Distribution with Blind Polarization Bases against Impersonation Attack  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we briefly show how the quantum key distribution with blind polarization bases [Kye et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 040501 (2005)] can be made secure against the impersonation attack.

Won-Ho Kye; M. S. Kim

2006-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

304

Security against the Invisible Photon Attack for the Quantum Key Distribution with Blind Polarization Bases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we briefly show how the quantum key distribution with blind polarization bases [Kye et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 040501 (2005)] can be made secure against the invisible photon attack.

Won-Ho Kye; M. S. Kim

2005-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

305

Concise and Tight Security Analysis of the Bennett-Brassard 1984 Protocol with Finite Key Lengths  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a tight security analysis of the Bennett-Brassard 1984 protocol taking into account the finite size effect of key distillation, and achieving unconditional security. We begin by presenting a concise analysis utilizing the normal approximation of the hypergeometric function. Then next we show that a similarly tight bound can also be obtained by a rigorous argument without relying on any approximation. In particular, for the convenience of experimentalists who wish to evaluate the security of their QKD systems, we also give explicit procedures of our key distillation, and also show how to calculate the secret key rate and the security parameter from a given set of experimental parameters. Besides the exact values of key rates and security parameters, we also present how to obtain their rough estimates using the normal approximation.

Masahito Hayashi; Toyohiro Tsurumaru

2012-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

306

Scintillation has minimal impact on far-field Bennett-Brassard 1984 protocol quantum key distribution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effect of scintillation, arising from propagation through atmospheric turbulence, on the sift and error probabilities of a quantum key distribution (QKD) system that uses the weak-laser-pulse version of the Bennett-Brassard ...

Shapiro, Jeffrey H.

307

A key extensional metamorphic complex reviewed and restored: The Menderes Massif of western Turkey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A key extensional metamorphic complex reviewed and restored: The Menderes Massif of western Turkey of the Menderes Massif in western Turkey, and subsequently a map-view restoration of its Neogene unroofing history

Utrecht, Universiteit

308

A Comparison of Key PV Backsheet and Module Properties from Fielded...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

of Key PV Backsheet and Module Properties from Fielded Module Exposures and Accelerated Test Conditions W. Gambogi 1 , O. Fu 2 , Y. Heta 3 , K. Hashimoto 3 , J. Kopchick 1...

309

V-159: RSA SecurID Agent Discloses Node Secret Encryption Key...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Key to Local Users PLATFORM: RSA Authentication API versions prior to 8.1 SP1 RSA Web Agent for Apache Web Server versions prior to 5.3.5 RSA Web Agent for IIS versions...

310

Technology, Knowledge, Culture, and Management: the keys The shift from industrial societies to information societies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Technology, Knowledge, Culture, and Management: the keys to success Abstract The shift from to success: technology, knowledge, culture and management. Organizations employ technology with the goal of improving efficiency and reducing operational costs. Hence technology structures within organizations must

Kopec, Danny

311

Public Sector Digest | July 2010 | www.publicsectordigest.com Key Aspects of the Deliberative Democracy Movement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Public Sector Digest | July 2010 | www.publicsectordigest.com Key Aspects of the Deliberative Digest | July 2010 | www.publicsectordigest.com underlying tensions and tough choices inherent to most

312

Redox states of Desulfovibrio vulgaris DsrC, a key protein in...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Venceslau SS, JR Cort, ES Baker, RK Chu, EW Robinson, C Dahl, LM Saraiva, and IA Pereira.2013."Redox states of Desulfovibrio vulgaris DsrC, a key protein in dissimilatory...

313

Tritium inventory control in ITER Charles Skinner with key contributions from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tritium inventory control in ITER Charles Skinner with key contributions from Charles Gentile permitted" Tritium inventory control Worrisome issue: Once at the tritium limit there won't be any more

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

314

Faculty & Information Centres Building Car Park Key Facilities Building Car Park  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

10 ORANGE A PURPLE Navitas 2 ORANGE A ORANGE North Australian Centre for Oil and Gas 7 PINK B PURPLE7 WATER TANK 5 4 18 S Faculty & Information Centres Building Car Park Key Facilities Building Car

315

Demand Response in the U.S.- Key trends and federal facility participation  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentationgiven at the Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) Fall 2008 meetingprovides demand response (DR) definition, current status of DR in the United States, key DR trends, and federal participation issues.

316

Practical free-space quantum key distribution over 10 km in daylight and at night  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have demonstrated quantum key distribution (QKD) over a 10-km, 1-airmass atmospheric range during daylight and at night. Secret random bit sequences of the quality required for the cryptographic keys used to initialize secure communications devices were transferred at practical rates with realistic security. By identifying the physical parameters that determine the system's secrecy efficiency, we infer that free-space QKD will be practical over much longer ranges under these and other atmospheric and instrumental conditions.

Richard J. Hughes; Jane E. Nordholt; Derek Derkacs; Charles G. Peterson

2002-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

317

A study of an optimum filter for a random phase-shift keyed signal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

59 62 77 BIBLIOGRAPHY 85 LIST OF FIGURES Figure Page 1. Phase-shift key modulation 2, The filter problem 3. Block diagram representation of a delay modulator 12 4. A conceptual delay modulator for a phase- shift keyed signal 5. Random... PSK signal from the corruption of white noise. The fact that the PSK signal is random necessitates the use of a statistical theory of linear systems which was originated by Norbert Wiener. 3 The statistical filter problem is illustrated in Figure...

Barr, Frederick James

1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

A SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS OF THE TREATMENT OF WIND ENERGY IN THE AEO99 VERSION OF NEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Laboratory University of California Berkeley, CA 94720 and National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole limitations on growth in capacity; these limitations include depletion of resources, costs of rapid of the other renewable technologies, such as solar thermal and photovoltaics (PV), our findings may

319

tera, 4 de Outubro de 2011 Teoria de Valores Extremos: porque nem tudo Normal!  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2008 e princípios de 2009, despoletada pela defunta Lehmann Brothers, e a turbulência dos mercados desde então. Para o leigo tremores de terra, furacões, e os episódios de crash no mercado bolsista são)exemplo disso: esses cisnes negros podem surgir em bandos. Existirá um padrão escondido subjacente a todo o tipo

Alves, Maria Isabel Fraga

320

Overview of NEMS-H2, Version 1.0 Frances Wood  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pipeline Compr. H2 Truck Electrolysis Coal Gasification Biomass Gasification Small City Station Rural sequestration) · Coal Gasification (with and without sequestration) · Biomass Gasification · Electrolysis (grid

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nems key macroeconomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Review: Besedotvorni tematski blok na petnajstem mednarodnem slvisti?nem kongresu v Minsku (2013)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#20;#19;#28; 2FHQH#15;#3;]DSLVNL#15;#3;SRURLOD#3;#3;5HYLHZV#15;#3;1RWHV#15;#3;5HSRUWV Y#3; HNVSUHVLRQLVWLQR#3; VWLOQR#3; SDUDGLJPR#3; #11;#20;#28;#20;#23;#20;#28;#21;#22;#12;#3;RSUDYLOD#3;L]MHPQR#3;]DKWHYQR#3; LQ#3; REVHQR#3;GHOR#17;#3...;8VSHOR#3; ML#3; MH#3; ]DSROQLWL#3; YU]HO#3;PHG#3;HNVSUHVLRQLVWLQR#3;SRH]LMR#3; LQ#3; GUDPDWLNR#15;#3; GR#3; VHGDM#3; EROM#3; UD]LVNDQLPD#3; SRGURMHPD#17;#3; WXGLMH#3; V#3; SRGURMD#3;PHWD- IRULNH#3;]JRGQMH#3;HNVSUHVLRQLVWLQH#3;NUDWNH#3; SUR]H#3;XYU...

Voric, Ines; Stramlji? Breznik, Irena

2014-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

322

National Energy Modeling System with Hydrogen Model (NEMS-H2)  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in3.pdfEnergy HealthCommentsAugust 2012NEVADA SPARKSNV EnergyDepartment ofRFI

323

A sensitivity analysis of the treatment of wind energy in the AEO99 version of NEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Documentation Report: Wind Energy Submodule (WES). DOE/EIA-The Economic Value of Wind Energy at High Power Systemthe characterization of wind energy in the model as used for

Osborn, Julie G.; Wood, Frances; Richey, Cooper; Sanders, Sandy; Short, Walter; Koomey, Jonathan

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

A sensitivity analysis of the treatment of wind energy in the AEO99 version of NEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Administration. 1998. Annual Energy Outlook 1999: WithDepartment of Energys Annual Energy Outlook (AEO) forecastDepartment of Energys Annual Energy Outlook 1999 (AEO99)

Osborn, Julie G.; Wood, Frances; Richey, Cooper; Sanders, Sandy; Short, Walter; Koomey, Jonathan

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Learning and cost reductions for generating technologies in the national energy modeling system (NEMS)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2001. Report#:DOE/ENDOGENOUS LEARNING IN THE ANNUAL ENERGY OUTLOOK REFERENCEDepartment of Energys Annual Energy Outlook (AEO), which is

Gumerman, Etan; Marnay, Chris

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Frequency Stabilization in Non-linear MEMS and NEMS Oscillators (IN-11-087)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing ZirconiaPolicyFeasibilityFieldMinds"Office | Department- Energy Innovation

327

Oil and Gas Innovation call June 2014 Reference PI Institution Title Impact  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oil and Gas Innovation call June 2014 Reference PI Institution Title Impact Score Fit score Rank NE oil and gas industries offshore. 7 4 9 NE/M007286/1 Professor Kevin Taylor The University to petrophysical models for shale gas reservoirs based on sensitivity analysis of key variables 7 5 2 NE/M007235

328

Weaknesses in the Key Scheduling Algorithm of Scott Fluhrer1, Itsik Mantin2, and Adi Shamir2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Weaknesses in the Key Scheduling Algorithm of RC4 Scott Fluhrer1, Itsik Mantin2, and Adi Shamir2 1 and previous results about its security. In Section 3 we consider a slightly mod- i ed variant of the Key

Sirer, Emin Gun

329

Building Chairs & Alternates by Building May 2014 Bldg/Key Name/Dept Location Email/EHS Contact  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by Building May 2014 Bldg/Key Name/Dept Location Email/EHS Contact Hefter Conference Tom Bjornstad Hefter

Saldin, Dilano

330

Wellcome Trust SUBMISSION OF EVIDENCE Wellcome Trust response to Department for Education: Reforming Key Stage 4 qualifications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Reforming Key Stage 4 qualifications December 2012 Department for Education: Reforming Key Stage 4 science skills. 2. We are pleased to have the opportunity to respond to the consultation on reforms to Key consultations on the reform to curriculum and assessment at various stages of schooling. There is an opportunity

Rambaut, Andrew

331

Deterministic quantum-public-key encryption: forward search attack and randomization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the classical setting, public-key encryption requires randomness in order to be secure against a forward search attack, whereby an adversary compares the encryption of a guess of the secret message with that of the actual secret message. We show that this is also true in the information-theoretic setting -- where the public keys are quantum systems -- by defining and giving an example of a forward search attack for any deterministic quantum-public-key bit-encryption scheme. However, unlike in the classical setting, we show that any such deterministic scheme can be used as a black box to build a randomized bit-encryption scheme that is no longer susceptible to this attack.

Georgios M. Nikolopoulos; Lawrence M. Ioannou

2009-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

332

Double blinding-attack on entanglement-based quantum key distribution protocols  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a double blinding-attack on entangled-based quantum key distribution protocols. The principle of the attack is the same as in existing blinding attack except that instead of blinding the detectors on one side only, Eve is blinding the detectors of both Alice and Bob. In the BBM92 protocol, the attack allows Eve to get a full knowledge of the key and remain undetected even if Alice and Bob are using 100% efficient detectors. The attack can be easily extended to Ekert protocol, with an efficiency as high as 85.3%.

Guillaume Adenier; Irina Basieva; Andrei Yu. Khrennikov; Masanori Ohya; Noboru Watanabe

2011-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

333

Optimum design for BB84 quantum key distribution in tree-type passive optical networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that there is a tradeoff between the useful key distribution bit rate and the total length of deployed fiber in tree-type passive optical networks for BB84 quantum key distribution applications. A two stage splitting architecture where one splitting is carried in the central office and a second in the outside plant and figure of merit to account for the tradeoff are proposed. We find that there is an optimum solution for the splitting ratios of both stages in the case of Photon Number Splitting (PNS) attacks and Decoy State transmission. We then analyze the effects of the different relevant physical parameters of the PON on the optimum solution.

Jose Capmany; Carlos R. Fernandez-Pousa

2011-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

334

A 24 km fiber-based discretely signaled continuous variable quantum key distribution system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report a continuous variable key distribution system that achieves a final secure key rate of 3.45 kb/sec over a distance of 24.2 km of optical fiber. The protocol uses discrete signaling and post-selection to improve reconciliation speed and quantifies security by means of quantum state tomography. Polarization multiplexing and a frequency translation scheme permit transmission of a continuous wave local oscillator and suppression of noise from guided acoustic wave Brillouin scattering by more than 27 dB.

Quyen Dinh Xuan; Zheshen Zhang; Paul L. Voss

2009-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

335

Chromidio: an interface for color tracking with key frames in Max and Nato  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

11 QuickTime Movie Input 11 Interactive Color Picking 12 Key Frames 12 Useful Output 14 File Management 16 C.play I 6 IV I M P L E M E N T A T I O N A N D RESULTS 17 Chromidio User Interface 17 QuickTime Movie Display and Playback 22 vi i... CHAPTER Page Interactive Color Picking 26 Key Frame Management 27 Data Analysis and Output 32 Project File Management 36 C.play 39 User Interface 39 Mathematical Functions and F ilters 41 MIDI Implementations 44 Output : 46 Results Using C...

Tucker, Amy Rebecca

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Essays on the stock market's reaction to macroeconomic news  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

topapadakis (2002) use a GARCH model of daily equity returnsGDP announcements using a simple GARCH framework for dailybe able to account for GARCH-type behavior of condi- tional

Cenesizoglu, Tolga

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Essays in Empirical Macroeconomics: Applications to the GCC Monetary Union  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for several different reasons. First, it accounts for 45% of proven global oil reserves, and 25% of global natural gas reserves. The GCC area produces 22% and 6.5% of global oil and gas output, respectively. Second, table 1.1 shows the aggregate GDP... reserves that were accumulated from excess oil revenues. Thus, central banks in the GCC area opted to use foreign asset reserves instead of monetizing the fiscal deficits. The high degree of convergence and stability among exchange rates in the GCC...

Al-Hassan, Abdullah Mohammed

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Three essays on empirical macroeconomics and financial markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

................................................................................................................ 10 1.6 Data .................................................................................................................... 14 1.7 Estimation and implications ............................................................................... 15 1... more data in future research ........................................................... 22 1.10 Conclusions ...................................................................................................... 22 2 Chapter 2: Do repurchase agreement...

Chen, Lili

2012-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

339

Essays on the macroeconomics of the labor markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In Chapter 1, I study the efficiency properties of competitive search equilibria in economies with informational asymmetries. Employers and workers are both risk-neutral and ex-ante homogeneous. I characterize an equilibrium ...

Guerrieri, Veronica

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Uncertainty quantification and validation of combined hydrological and macroeconomic analyses.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Changes in climate can lead to instabilities in physical and economic systems, particularly in regions with marginal resources. Global climate models indicate increasing global mean temperatures over the decades to come and uncertainty in the local to national impacts means perceived risks will drive planning decisions. Agent-based models provide one of the few ways to evaluate the potential changes in behavior in coupled social-physical systems and to quantify and compare risks. The current generation of climate impact analyses provides estimates of the economic cost of climate change for a limited set of climate scenarios that account for a small subset of the dynamics and uncertainties. To better understand the risk to national security, the next generation of risk assessment models must represent global stresses, population vulnerability to those stresses, and the uncertainty in population responses and outcomes that could have a significant impact on U.S. national security.

Hernandez, Jacquelynne; Parks, Mancel Jordan; Jennings, Barbara Joan; Kaplan, Paul Garry; Brown, Theresa Jean; Conrad, Stephen Hamilton

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nems key macroeconomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Macroeconomic Study of Construction Firm's Profitability Using Cluster Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

# 2 Cluster # 3 Alabama (AL) Alaska (AK) Arizona (AZ) Arkansas (AR) California (CA) Colorado (CO) Delaware (DE) Connecticut (CT) District of Columbia (DC) Idaho (ID) Hawaii (HI) Florida (FL) Iowa (IA) Illinois (IL) Georgia (GA) Kansas (KS... by Average labor productivity, it can be observed that clusters can be easily discerned as shown in figure 2. 20 Table 2: Clustering Results for Model 2 Cluster # 1 Cluster # 2 Cluster # 3 Alabama (AL) Arkansas (AR) Alaska (AK) Arizona (AZ...

Arora, Parth

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

342

14.772 Development Economics: Macroeconomics, Spring 2009  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This course emphasizes dynamic models of growth and development. Topics covered include: migration, modernization, and technological change; static and dynamic models of political economy; the dynamics of income distribution ...

Kremer, Michael

343

16th CONFERENCE OF THE RESEARCH NETWORK MACROECONOMICS AND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and accompanied by market- friendly (de)regulatory mechanisms mainly founded on the belief that liberalised systemic failures and their consequences in the capitalist economy. Keywords: Financial liberalisation of financial liberalisation-modernisation policies implemented all around the World since the 1970s. Its scope

Boyer, Edmond

344

An empirical specification of the pesek and saving macroeconomic model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AN EvtPIRICAL SPECIFICATION OF THE PESEK AND SAVING EACROECONONIC NODEL A Thesis by Ernest Richard Noser Submitted to the Graduate ColleEe of Texas A ". i University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the deCree of KASTM OF SCIENCE... of non-accumulating totals for the stocks of equitics, durables, and bonds must be considered as a source of error. 19 TADLE 4 TlDE DZUQ~D FGd DG:;DD Variable e yt FJP r E ? P Coefficient -0. 03 0. 07 -0. 01 -0. 11 -O. G7 31. 09 -0. 53 1. 29...

Moser, Ernest Richard

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Houses as ATMs? Mortgage Refinancing and Macroeconomic Uncertainty  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Michael Michaux USC Marshall Nikolai Roussanov Wharton and NBER September 11, 2011 Abstract Mortgage Kaplan, Dirk Krueger, Debbie Lucas, Hanno Lustig, Vincenzo Quadrini, Monika Piazzesi, Victor Rios

Sadeh, Norman M.

346

Economics 309 Fall 2000 Macroeconomics I Mr. Miller  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Accounting 3. Saving and Investment 4. Price Level and Interest Rates 5. Employment and Unemployment Readings of Monetary Economics, September 1982. 3. Perron, "The Great Crash, the Oil Price Shock, and the Unit Root. Investment Demand 3. Saving Equals Investment A. Asset Markets 1. Demand for Money 2. Supply of Money 3

Ahmad, Sajjad

347

Assumption to the Annual Energy Outlook 2014 - Macroeconomic Activity Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781Title: Telephone:shortOil and Natural8U.S.NA NA NAEnergy

348

An Evaluation of Macroeconomic Models for Use at EIA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines AboutDecemberSteam Coal Import CostsLiquidsYear JanYear Jan Feb MarAlternative MeasuresAn

349

Global and Macroeconomic Environment for Business Stephen M. Miller  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the first session, you should read Tutorial I and Reading I (Sections A, B, and C). Teaching Philosophy: My philosophy flows from three assumptions about the teaching and learning process. First, the instructor must Treasurer can manage foreign exchange risk from global operations. Office Hours: By appointment and MW 1

Ahmad, Sajjad

350

Energy Production and Trade: An Overview of Some Macroeconomic Issues  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines AboutDecemberSteam Coal Import96Nebraska NuclearDecade2003 Detailed

351

Applications of Time Series in Finance and Macroeconomics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with constant intensity. The last essay applies a dynamic factor model to generate out-of-sample forecasts for the inflation rate in Mexico. Factor models are useful to summarize the information contained in large datasets. We evaluate the role of using a wide...

Ibarra Ramirez, Raul

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

352

Level of Preparedness for Pandemic Influenza among Key Leaders in Brazos County  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With the outbreak of the 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) comes the need to evaluate the preparedness level of government entities that had preparedness plans. This study looks at the preparedness level for pandemic influenza among key leaders...

Kaster, Elizabeth

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

353

Key to images: [1] Model system: fission yeast [2] Cryo-EM structure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Key to images: [1] Model system: fission yeast [2] Cryo-EM structure of the MCM helicase [3 combing [8] Model system: Xenopus [9] Extreme environments [10] Model system: C.elegans. Background image of the evolution of the replication machinery highlighted. BSRC B306 Email: sam31@st-and.ac.uk 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Brierley, Andrew

354

Dynamic Key-Updating: Privacy-Preserving Authentication for RFID Systems , Jinsong Han2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dynamic Key-Updating: Privacy-Preserving Authentication for RFID Systems Li Lu1 , Jinsong Han2 an emerging requirement ­ protecting user privacy [13] in RFID authentications. In most RFID systems, tags sensitive information. For example, without pri- vacy protection, any reader can identify a consumer's ID

Liu, Yunhao

355

Dynamic Key-Updating: Privacy-Preserving Authentication for RFID Systems , Jinsong Han2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- sitive information. For example, without privacy pro- tection, any reader can identify a consumer's IDDynamic Key-Updating: Privacy-Preserving Authentication for RFID Systems Li Lu1 , Jinsong Han2 an emerging requirement ­ protecting user privacy [13] in RFID authentications. In most RFID systems, tags

Liu, Yunhao

356

Confidence Valuation in a Public-Key Infrastructure based on Uncertain Evidence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Confidence Valuation in a Public-Key Infrastructure based on Uncertain Evidence Reto Kohlas Ueli an uncertain piece of evidence and have proposed ad hoc methods, sometimes referred to as trust management and the valuation of confidence values in the general context of reasoning based on uncertain evidence. Second, we

Maurer, Ueli

357

Confidence Valuation in a PublicKey Infrastructure based on Uncertain Evidence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Confidence Valuation in a PublicKey Infrastructure based on Uncertain Evidence Reto Kohlas Ueli an uncertain piece of evidence and have proposed ad hoc methods, sometimes referred to as trust management and the valuation of confidence values in the general context of reasoning based on uncertain evidence. Second, we

Maurer, Ueli

358

STUDENT FINANCE ENGLAND INFORMATION & KEY DATES FOR CONTINUING STUDENTS 2013/14  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STUDENT FINANCE ENGLAND INFORMATION & KEY DATES FOR CONTINUING STUDENTS 2013/14 Are you returning to a full-time course at university or college in the autumn? If you applied for student finance that did NOT depend on your household income last year (non means tested) you should wait to hear from Student Finance

Dixon, Peter

359

STUDENT FINANCE ENGLAND INFORMATION & KEY DATES FOR NEW STUDENTS 2013/14  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STUDENT FINANCE ENGLAND INFORMATION & KEY DATES FOR NEW STUDENTS 2013/14 Are you starting a full-time course at university or college in the autumn? · Find out what student finance is available to you finance. Apply online by 31 May 2013. · Giving Student Finance England your UK passport number and your

Dixon, Peter

360

STUDENT FINANCE ENGLAND INFORMATION & KEY DATES FOR CONTINUING STUDENTS 2012/13  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

STUDENT FINANCE ENGLAND INFORMATION & KEY DATES FOR CONTINUING STUDENTS 2012/13 Are you returning to a full-time course at university or college in the autumn? If you applied for student finance that did NOT depend on your household income last year (non means tested) you should wait to hear from Student Finance

Oakley, Jeremy

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nems key macroeconomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Key factors governing uncertainty in the response to sunshade geoengineering from a comparison  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Key factors governing uncertainty in the response to sunshade geoengineering from a comparison of solar geoengineering are central to evaluating whether such approaches may help to reduce the harmful impacts of global warming. In this study we compare the sunshade solar geoengineering response

Robock, Alan

362

Capacity Development, Education & Training Integrated and sustained action is the key  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Capacity Development, Education & Training Integrated and sustained action is the key Thematic Background Paper January 2004 Author: John Christensen Global Network on Energy for Sustainable Development to sustainable energy development. The rapid development of individual RE technologies along with basic changes

363

BUSINESSES AS ONE OF THE KEY ELEMENTS OF A REGION'S SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BUSINESSES AS ONE OF THE KEY ELEMENTS OF A REGION'S SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT of sustainable development should be taken into account by these actors. Businesses (especially SMEs) whose aim-words : sustainable development, territory, businesses, governance, stakeholders Mots-cls : dveloppement durable

364

TERRESTRIAL ROCK VARNISH: A KEY TO UNDERSTANDING THE SURFACE COMPOSITION OF MARS. J. G. Ward1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TERRESTRIAL ROCK VARNISH: A KEY TO UNDERSTANDING THE SURFACE COMPOSITION OF MARS. J. G. Ward1 , L produces a strong spectral band contrast. This also gives varnish its shiny appearance. On Earth rock varnish may have a microbial origin [3]. Clays are transported from an external source and deposited

Kirkland, Laurel

365

A new key recovery attack on the ANSI retail MAC Chris J. Mitchell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new key recovery attack on the ANSI retail MAC Chris J. Mitchell Information Security Group circumstances, enables a more efficient attack than was previously known to be launched against the ANSI retail with the message. 1.1 The ANSI retail MAC The ANSI retail MAC scheme [1], otherwise known as CBC-MAC-Y or ISO

Mitchell, Chris

366

Red Algae Lose Key Mitochondrial Genes in Response to Becoming Parasitic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Red Algae Lose Key Mitochondrial Genes in Response to Becoming Parasitic Lillian Hancock1 , Lynda independently evolved hundreds of times among the floridiophyte red algae. Much is known about the life history class of red algae, Plocamiocolax puvinata, has lost the atp8 gene entirely, indicating that this gene

Lane, Chris

367

Contributory Group Key Agreement Protocols, Revisited for Mobile Ad-Hoc Groups  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Contributory Group Key Agreement Protocols, Revisited for Mobile Ad-Hoc Groups Mark Manulis Horst of various group-oriented applications for mo- bile ad-hoc groups requires a group secret shared between all- and wide-area wired networks, can also be used in ad-hoc sce- narios because of the similar security

Manulis, Mark

368

Better Technologies Key to Addressing Climate Change Energy Department official explains U.S. initiatives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

policies and business models to create self-sustaining markets for financing energy efficiency, renewable on leveraging resources through partnerships with businesses, academia, and other countries. Therefore.S. initiatives 17 December 2004 More energy-efficient technologies will be key to reducing greenhouse gas

369

New species of Anthostomella on fynbos, with a key to the genus in South Africa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New species of Anthostomella on fynbos, with a key to the genus in South Africa Seonju LEE, South Africa. E-mail : slee@maties.sun.ac.za Received 3 April 2002; accepted 18 November 2002. A study of saprobic fungi occurring on the fynbos of the Western Cape Province of South Africa yielded four unknown

370

Differential-phase-shift quantum key distribution with segmented pulse trains  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a modified scheme of differential-phase-shift (DPS) quantum key distribution (QKD) for improving its performance. A transmitter sends a weak coherent pulse train segmented with vacant pulses. Then, a receiver can find eavesdropping by monitoring the photon detection rate at particular time slots. Simulations show that the proposed scheme is robust against a sequential attack and a general individual attack.

Kawahara, Hiroki; Inoue, Kyo [Osaka University, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan)

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

371

Length Based Attack and Braid Groups: Cryptanalysis of Anshel-Anshel-Goldfeld Key  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Length Based Attack and Braid Groups: Cryptanalysis of Anshel-Anshel-Goldfeld Key Exchange Protocol of Technology, Hoboken, New Jersey, USA, 07030 {amyasnik,aushakov}@stevens.edu Abstract. The length based attack and Tannenbaum in [9]. Several attempts have been made to implement the attack [6], but none of them had produced

Myasnikov, Aleksey

372

Wavelength attack on practical continuous-variable quantum-key-distribution system with a heterodyne protocol  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the wavelength attack on a practical continuous-variable quantum-key-distribution system with a heterodyne protocol, in which the transmittance of beam splitters at Bob's station is wavelength-dependent. Our strategy is proposed independent of but analogous to that of Huang et al. [arXiv: 1206.6550v1 [quant-ph

Xiang-Chun Ma; Shi-Hai Sun; Mu-Sheng Jiang; Lin-Mei Liang

2014-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

373

Attack on Private Signature Keys of the OpenPGP format, PGPTM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- 1 - Attack on Private Signature Keys of the OpenPGP format, PGPTM programs and other applications Prague, t.rosa@decros.cz Abstract. The article describes an attack on OpenPGP format, which leads these applications must undergo the same revision as the actual program PGPTM . The success of the attack

374

Fish and Wildlife Management Questions and RM&E Strategies Key Management Questions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Fish and Wildlife Management Questions and RM&E Strategies Key Management Questions 1. Are we meeting biological and programmatic performance objectives established within the Columbia Basin Fish implemented and accomplished as proposed? Strategic Category: Fish Population Status Monitoring The following

375

SSL/TLS Session-Aware User Authentication Using a GAA Bootstrapped Key  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SSL/TLS Session-Aware User Authentication Using a GAA Bootstrapped Key Chunhua Chen1 , Chris J.mitchell@rhul.ac.uk Abstract. Most SSL/TLS-based electronic commerce (e-commerce) ap- plications (including Internet banking a server effectively, and because user authentication methods are typi- cally decoupled from SSL

Sheldon, Nathan D.

376

Towards Fresh Re-Keying with Leakage-Resilient PRFs: Cipher Design Principles and Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-resilient cryptography is its significant performance overheads, it naturally suggests an intermediate line of re- searchTowards Fresh Re-Keying with Leakage-Resilient PRFs: Cipher Design Principles and Analysis Sonia advantage of our analysis to extract new design principles for block ciphers to be used in leakage

377

Poster Sessions Friday, 18 April 2008 183 Identification of key breast cancer phenotypes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in node positive, hormone positive breast cancer patients. Materials and Methods: We have conductedPoster Sessions Friday, 18 April 2008 183 445 Poster Identification of key breast cancer phenotypes for class membership. Material and Methods: Expression of twenty-five proteins, with known relevance

Aickelin, Uwe

378

64 IRE TRANSACTIONS ON ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT July Systenas Engineering-Key to Modern Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to ascertain the current output of this phase is the creative idea that marks the status of systems engineering64 IRE TRANSACTIONS ON ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT July Systenas Engineering-Key to Modern Development, integration, emphasis on the field of systems engineering. Though and evaluation. In a sense, these terms

Rhoads, James

379

Manure Harvesting Frequency: The Key to Feedyard Dust Control in a Summer Drought  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Summer drought can make dust control in feedyards more challenging than usual. Supplemental water may not keep pace with daily evaporation. The key to dust control is managing the depth of dry manure in the pens by harvesting manure more frequently...

Auvermann, Brent W.; Parker, David B.; Sweeten, John M.

2000-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

380

NREL builds community and industry support by addressing concerns voiced by key standards organizations.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NREL builds community and industry support by addressing concerns voiced by key standards standards developed through consensus processes. Because U.S. PV module safety stan- dards are not aligned with international standards, manufacturers must test their modules twice--and sometimes maintain separate product

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nems key macroeconomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Heart Failure Symposium: Promoting Knowledge and Self-Care: The Keys to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Heart Failure Symposium: Promoting Knowledge and Self-Care: The Keys to a Woman's Healthy Heart This is the Fourth Annual UConn Health Center Heart Failure Symposium. This year we will focus on women and heart disease. The program will include presentations on heart disease and healthy living for women

Kim, Duck O.

382

Adaptive Multiparty Non-interactive Key Exchange Without Setup In The Standard Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

proceed, let us review at a high level the utility and security of multiparty NIKE. We consider a setting a public value. Utility: Consider any subset of the parties who wish to derive a common secret key in the ensuing. - Query the challenger to register an honest party ­ upon this query, the challenger outputs

383

E-Business Value Creation in Jordanian Banking Services Industry: An Empirical Analysis of Key Factors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

E-Business Value Creation in Jordanian Banking Services Industry: An Empirical Analysis of Key an extended conceptual research model for assessing the value of e-business at the bank level environment) that may affect value creation of carrying out e- business in Jordanian banking sector. Survey

384

E-Banking Diffusion in the Jordanian Banking Services Sector: An Empirical Analysis of Key Factors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

E-Banking Diffusion in the Jordanian Banking Services Sector: An Empirical Analysis of Key Factors influence e- banking adoption in Jordanian banks. This article added some constructs to (TOE) framework, availability of online revenues, competition intensity or pressure, and regulatory support environment) while e

385

The Gender-Brand Effect of Key Phrases on User Clicks in Sponsored  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the positive attitude and customer loyalty generated by brand image. Author Keywords Search Engine MarketingThe Gender-Brand Effect of Key Phrases on User Clicks in Sponsored Search Abstract In this research-phrases, and (3) the occurrence of branded terms in those queries. The aim of this research is increased

Jansen, James

386

Towards prospective Life Cycle Assessment: how to identify key parameters inducing most  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Life Cycle Assessments (LCA) have been undertaken, attempting to give a quantitative assessmentTowards prospective Life Cycle Assessment: how to identify key parameters inducing most Blanc1 MINES ParisTech, O.I.E. center, Sophia Antipolis, France Abstract. Prospective Life Cycle

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

387

Growing Green As part of its strategic plan to foster growth and development in key  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reconstruction, nuclear waste containment and disposal, and photochemical deconstruction of pollutants Key remediation technologies for hazardous industrial pollutants in soil and groundwater · Geotechnical Research contamination and remediation, and management of mine wastes For more information, please visit: www.uwo.ca/enviro

Denham, Graham

388

Simplified authenticated key exchange based on the q(th) root problem  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Finding a q{sup th} root in GF(p), where p and q are prunes, q is large and q{sup 2} divides (p{minus}1) is a difficult problem equivalent to the discrete logarithm problem using an element of order q as the base. This paper describes an authenticated key exchange algorithm utilizing this hard problem.

JOHNSTON,ANNA M.; GEMMELL,PETER S.

2000-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

389

PublicKey LocallyDecodable Codes Brett Hemenway # Rafail Ostrovsky +  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Semantically­Secure Public Key En­ cryption (SS­PKE) and any Private Information Retrieval (PIR) protocol. Since Homomorphic encryption implies PIR, we also show a reduction from any Homomorphic encryption protocol to PKLDC. Applying our construction to the best known PIR protocol (that of Gentry and Ramzan), we

Ostrovsky, Rafail

390

Environmental Impact of Wastewater Disposal in the Florida Keys, Monroe County Tom Higginbotham  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Environmental Impact of Wastewater Disposal in the Florida Keys, Monroe County Tom Higginbotham University of Florida Soil and Water Science #12;Environmental Impact of Wastewater Disposal in the Florida affecting the normally oligotrophic marine waters. Typical methods of wastewater disposal include large

Ma, Lena

391

College of Fine Arts KEY: # = new course * = course changed = course dropped  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

College of Fine Arts TAD Dance KEY: # = new course * = course changed = course dropped University of Kentucky 2013-2014 Undergraduate Bulletin 1 *TAD 140 INTRODUCTION TO DANCE. (3) This course will provide of the semester. TAD 141 MODERN DANCE I. (2) Foundationscourseinbasicmovementconceptsoftime

MacAdam, Keith

392

Use of Nested Certificates for Efficient, Dynamic and Trust Preserving Public Key Infrastructure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Use of Nested Certificates for Efficient, Dynamic and Trust Preserving Public Key Infrastructure the certificates on this path recursively. This is the classical methodology. Nested certification is a novel nested certificates ­ for other certificates. Nested certificates can be used together with classical

Levi, Albert

393

Use of Nested Certificates for Efficient, Dynamic and Trust Preserving Public Key Infrastructure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Use of Nested Certificates for Efficient, Dynamic and Trust Preserving Public Key Infrastructure), and verify the certificates on this path recursively. This is the classical methodology. Nested certification certificates ­ called nested certificates ­ for other certificates. Nested certificates can be used together

394

Establishing the School of Engineering and Applied Sciences: Rationale and Key Issues  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Establishing the School of Engineering and Applied Sciences: Rationale and Key Issues Science and engineering, ever changing, are becoming increasingly coupled. Their interplay is leading to dramatic progress transformations. They are driving economic development, underpinning cultural changes, and helping meet societal

395

Visualizing Key Words and Trends in a Subset of the US Patent Database Andrew B. Godbehere  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Visualizing Key Words and Trends in a Subset of the US Patent Database Andrew B. Godbehere Laurent of an interactive content visualization tool as applied to a subset of the US Patent Database pertaining to clean ed word is an associated list of patents from the given time window mentioning both the query terms

Sekhon, Jasjeet S.

396

Stratospheric ozone depletion: a key driver of recent precipitation trends in South Eastern South America  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. In this paper we focus on South Eastern South America (SESA), a region that has exhibited one of the largest South America 1 Introduction The depletion of ozone in the polar Antarctic strato- sphere (i.e. `theStratospheric ozone depletion: a key driver of recent precipitation trends in South Eastern South

397

Formalization and Verification of PLC Timers in Coq Key Lab for ISS of MOE,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Formalization and Verification of PLC Timers in Coq Hai Wan Key Lab for ISS of MOE, School used in embedded systems. A timer plays a pivotal role in PLC real-time applications. The paper presents a formalization of TON-timers of PLC programs in the theorem proving system Coq. The behavior

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

398

Enzymatically based cellulosic ethanol production technology was selected as a key area for biomass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Enzymatically based cellulosic ethanol production technology was selected as a key area for biomass cellulosic ethanol com- petitive. Improvements in dilute acid pretreatment and cellulase produced by Trichoderma reesei discov- ered during World War II led to most of the historic cellulosic ethanol cost

California at Riverside, University of

399

Protocol choice and parameter optimization in decoy-state measurement-device-independent quantum key distribution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measurement-device-independent quantum key distribution (MDI-QKD) has been demonstrated in both laboratories and field-tests using attenuated lasers combined with the decoy-state technique. Although researchers have studied various decoy-state MDI-QKD protocols with two or three decoy states, a clear comparison between these protocols is still missing. This invokes the question of how many types of decoy states are needed for practical MDI-QKD. Moreover, the system parameters to implement decoy-state MDI-QKD are only partially optimized in all previous works, which casts doubt on the actual performance of former demonstrations. Here, we present analytical and numerical decoy-state methods with one, two and three decoy states. We provide a clear comparison among these methods and find that two decoy states already enable a near optimal estimation and more decoy states cannot improve the key rate much in either asymptotic or finite-data settings. Furthermore, we perform a full optimization of system parameters and show that full optimization can significantly improve the key rate in the finite-data setting. By simulating a real experiment, we find that full optimization can increase the key rate by more than one order of magnitude compared to non-optimization. A local search method to optimize efficiently the system parameters is proposed. This method can be four orders of magnitude faster than a trivial exhaustive search to achieve a similar optimal key rate. We expect that this local search method could be valuable for general fields in physics.

Feihu Xu; He Xu; Hoi-Kwong Lo

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Gigahertz quantum key distribution with InGaAs avalanche photodiodes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report a demonstration of quantum key distribution (QKD) at GHz clock rates with InGaAs avalanche photodiodes (APDs) operating in a self-differencing mode. Such a mode of operation allows detection of extremely weak avalanches so that the detector afterpulse noise is sufficiently suppressed. The system is characterized by a secure bit rate of 2.37 Mbps at 5.6 km and 27.9 kbps at 65.5 km when the fiber dispersion is not compensated. After compensating the fiber dispersion, the QKD distance is extended to 101 km, resulting in a secure key rate of 2.88 kbps. Our results suggest that InGaAs APDs are very well suited to GHz QKD applications.

Z. L. Yuan; A. R. Dixon; J. F. Dynes; A. W. Sharpe; A. J. Shields

2008-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nems key macroeconomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Grid Parity for Residential Photovoltaics in the United States: Key Drivers and Sensitivities; Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this report, we analyze PV break-even costs for U.S. residential customers. We evaluate some key drivers of grid parity both regionally and over time. We also examine the impact of moving from flat to time-of-use (TOU) rates, and we evaluate individual components of the break-even cost, including effect of rate structure and various incentives. Finally, we examine how PV markets might evolve on a regional basis considering the sensitivity of the break-even cost to four major drivers: technical performance, financing parameters, electricity prices and rates, and policies. We find that electricity price rather than technical parameters are in general the key drivers of the break-even cost of PV. Additionally, this analysis provides insight about the potential viability of PV markets.

Ong, S.; Denholm, P.; Clark, N.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

The ISO/NASA Key Project on AGN Spectral Energy Distributions (Characteristics of the ISO Data)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The U.S. ISO Key Project on quasar spectral energy distributions seeks to better understand the very broad-band emission features of quasars from radio to X-rays. A key element of this project is observations of 72 quasars with the ISOPHOT instrument at 8 bands, from 5 to 200 microns. The sample was chosen to span a wide range of redshifts and quasar types. This paper presents an overview of the analysis and reduction techniques, as well as general trends within the data set (comparisons with IRAS fluxes, uncertainties as a function of background sky brightness, and an analysis of vignetting corrections in chopped observing mode). A more detailed look at a few objects in the sample is presented in Wilkes et al. 1999, astro-ph/9902084.

Eric J. Hooper; Belinda J. Wilkes; Kim K. McLeod; Martin S. Elvis; Chris D. Impey; Carol J. Lonsdale; Matt A. Malkan; Jonathan C. McDowell

1999-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

403

Device-independent quantum key distribution with generalized two-mode Schrdinger cat states  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show how weak non-linearities can be used in a device-independent quantum key distribution (QKD) protocol using generalized two-mode Schr\\"odinger cat states. The QKD protocol is therefore shown to be secure against collective attacks and for some coherent attacks. We derive analytical formulas for the optimal values of the Bell parameter, the quantum bit error rate, and the device- independent secret key rate in the noiseless lossy bosonic channel. Additionally, we give the filters and measurements which achieve these optimal values. We find that over any distance in this channel the quantum bit error rate is identically zero, in principle, and the states in the protocol are always able to violate a Bell inequality. The protocol is found to be superior in some regimes to a device-independent QKD protocol based on polarization entangled states in a depolarizing channel. Finally, we propose an implementation for the optimal filters and measurements.

Curtis J. Broadbent; Kevin Marshall; Christian Weedbrook; John C. Howell

2015-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

404

Developing a decision model to describe levels of self-directedness based upon the key assumptions of andragogy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.................................................................................76 22 Students? Level of Self-Directedness Compared with Students? Level of Agreement with the Key Assumptions of Andragogy for Course A................78 23 Students? Level of Self-Directedness Compared with Students? Level of Agreement... with the Key Assumptions of Andragogy in Course B..................79 24 Students? Level of Self-Directedness Compared with Students? Level of Agreement with the Key Assumptions of Andragogy in Course C..................80 25 Students? Level of Self...

Richards, Lance Jonathan

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Short period fluctuations of sea level in the West Florida Keys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Sea Level in the West Florida Keys (December, 1978) Sangem Hsu, B. S. , Taiwan Provincial College of Marine and Oceanic Technology. Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. Takashi Ichiye In addition to oscillations of astronomical origin, tidal... records often contain shorter or longer period oscillations. Short period oscillations usually have very small amplitudes and often cannot be recognized in the tidal records except near crests or troughs at days of calm weather. The purposes...

Hsu, Sangem

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Eavesdropping Attack with Hong-Ou-Mandel Interferometer and Random Basis Shuffling in Quantum Key Distribution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce new sophisticated attacks with a Hong-Ou-Mandel interferometer against quantum key distribution (QKD) and propose a new QKD protocol grafted with random basis shuffling to block up those attacks. When the polarization basis is randomly and independently shuffled by sender and receiver, the new protocol can overcome the attacks even for not-so-weak coherent pulses. We estimate the number of photons to guarantee the security of the protocol.

Chil-Min Kim; Yun Jin Choi; Young-Jai Park

2006-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

407

Differential-phase-shift quantum key distribution with phase modulation to combat sequential attacks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Phase-modulated differential-phase-shift (DPS) quantum key distribution (QKD) is presented for combating sequential attacks that most severely restrict the DPS-QKD system distance. Slow phase modulation imposed onto the DPS signal obstructs the optimum unambiguous state discrimination measurement conducted in the sequential attack and improves the QKD distance as a result. The condition with which the phase modulation does not degrade the DPS-QKD system performance is also described.

Kawahara, Hiroki; Oka, Toru; Inoue, Kyo [Osaka University, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

408

Dissipation attack on Bennett-Brassard 1984 protocol in practical quantum key distribution system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a new kind of individual attack, based on randomly selected dissipation, on Bennett-Brassard 1984 protocol of practical quantum key distribution (QKD) system with lossy and noisy quantum channel. Since an adversary with super quantum channel can disguise loss and errors induced by his attack as that of the system, he can obtain innegligible amount of information for a practical QKD system, without being detected by legal participants.

Li Yang; Bing Zhu

2013-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

409

A Differential Phase Shift Scheme for Quantum Key Distribution in Passive Optical Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a scheme for quantum key distribution (QKD) in a passive optical network (PON) based on differential phase shift (DPS) coding. A centralized station including all expensive components serves many users, making it suitable for a true multi-user network in a local environment with moderate distances on the order of a few kilometers. The emphasis lies on an asymmetric design for cost effective implementation of network end points.

Michael Hentschel; Andreas Poppe; Bernhard Schrenk; Momtchil Peev; Edwin Querasser; Roland Lieger

2014-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

410

Expert Meeting Report: Key Innovations for Adding Energy Efficiency to Maintenance Projects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes an expert meeting hosted by the Building America research team NAHB Research Center, which was held on February 8, 2012, in Orlando, Florida. The topic, Key Innovations for Adding Energy Efficiency to Maintenance Projects, was intended to provide direction to more focused efforts to increase the efficiency of existing homes; in this meeting, the focus was specifically for re-roofing and the opportunities for adding energy efficiency upgrades during this major home repair activity.

Wood, A.; Wiehagen, J.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

NGNP: High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor Key Definitions, Plant Capabilities, and Assumptions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document provides key definitions, plant capabilities, and inputs and assumptions related to the Next Generation Nuclear Plant to be used in ongoing efforts related to the licensing and deployment of a high temperature gas-cooled reactor. These definitions, capabilities, and assumptions were extracted from a number of NGNP Project sources such as licensing related white papers, previously issued requirement documents, and preapplication interactions with the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC).

Wayne Moe

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Performance in the Key Early Markets of Material Handling Equipment and Backup Power (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation summarizes the results of NREL's analysis of hydrogen fuel cell performance in the key early markets of material handling equipment (MHE) and backup power.

Kurtz, J.; Sprik, S.; Ramsden, T.; Saur, G.; Ainscough, C.; Post, M.; Peters, M.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

ZooKeys, unlocking Earths incredible biodiversity and building a sustainable bridge into the public domain: From print-based to web-based taxonomy, systematics, and natural history. ZooKeys Editorial Opening Paper  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and print journal in zoological taxonomy and systematics, which aims to quickly respond and adapt to the newest developments in taxonomic publishing. Open Access is accepted as mandatory for ZooKeys. Th e rationale for and concept of ZooKeys is discussed...

Penev, Lyubomir; Erwin, Terry; Thompson, F. Christian; Sues, Hans-Dieter; Engel, Michael S.; Agosti, Donat; Pyle, Richard; Ivie, Michael; Assmann, Thorsten; Henry, Thomas; Miller, Jeremy; Ananjeva, Natalia; Casale, Achille; Lourenco, Wilson; Golovatch, Sergei; Fagerholm, Hans-Peter; Taiti, Stefano; Alonso-Zarazaga, Miguel; Nieukerken, Erik van

2008-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

414

Shells of crabs like these may be the key to prolonging the life of microbial fuel cells that  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Shells of crabs like these may be the key to prolonging the life of microbial fuel cells that power/06/ 070604123858.htm Marine Sediment Microbial Fuel Cells Get A Nutritional Boost ScienceDaily (June 11, 2007) -- Discarded crab and lobster shells may be the key to prolonging the life of microbial fuel cells that power

415

Public-Key Cryptography Standards: PKCS Yongge Wang, Ph.D., University of North Carolina at Charlotte  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;· ISO/IEC. The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and the International Electrotech. The major standards organizations that have been involved in public key cryptographic techniques are: 1 #12Public-Key Cryptography Standards: PKCS Yongge Wang, Ph.D., University of North Carolina

Wang, Yongge

416

Public Key Encryption that Allows PIR Queries Dan Boneh # Eyal Kushilevitz + Rafail Ostrovsky # William E. Skeith III  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Public Key Encryption that Allows PIR Queries Dan Boneh # Eyal Kushilevitz + Rafail Ostrovsky a public­key encryption scheme for Alice that allows PIR searching over encrypted documents. Our solution­trivially small communication complexity. The main technique of our solution also allows for Single­Database PIR

Ostrovsky, Rafail

417

Exploiting the randomness of the measurement basis in quantum cryptography: Secure Quantum Key Growing without Privacy Amplification  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We suggest that the randomness of the choices of measurement basis by Alice and Bob provides an additional important resource for quantum cryptography. As a specific application, we present a novel protocol for quantum key distribution (QKD) which enhances the BB84 scheme by encrypting the information sent over the classical channel during key sifting. We show that, in the limit of long keys, this process prevents an eavesdropper from reproducing the sifting process carried out by the legitimate users. The inability of the eavesdropper to sift the information gathered by tapping the quantum channel reduces the amount of information that an eavesdropper can gain on the sifted key. We further show that the protocol proposed is self sustaining, and thus allows the growing of a secret key.

Hannes R. Bhm; Paul S. Bhm; Markus Aspelmeyer; ?aslav Brukner; Anton Zeilinger

2004-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

418

Science with the Square Kilometer Array: Motivation, Key Science Projects, Standards and Assumptions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Square Kilometer Array (SKA) represents the next major, and natural, step in radio astronomical facilities, providing two orders of magnitude increase in collecting area over existing telescopes. In a series of meetings, starting in Groningen, the Netherlands (August 2002) and culminating in a `science retreat' in Leiden (November 2003), the SKA International Science Advisory Committee (ISAC), conceived of, and carried-out, a complete revision of the SKA science case (to appear in New Astronomy Reviews). This preface includes: (i) general introductory material, (ii) summaries of the key science programs, and (iii) a detailed listing of standards and assumptions used in the revised science case.

C. Carilli; S. Rawlings

2004-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

419

Unconditional security of the Bennett 1992 quantum key-distribution scheme with strong reference pulse  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We prove the unconditional security of the original Bennett 1992 protocol with strong reference pulse. We show that we may place a projection onto suitably defined qubit spaces before the receiver, which makes the analysis as simple as qubit-based protocols. Unlike the single-photon-based qubits, the qubits identified in this scheme are almost surely detected by the receiver even after a lossy channel. This leads to the key generation rate that is proportional to the channel transmission rate for proper choices of experimental parameters.

Kiyoshi Tamaki; Norbert Ltkenhaus; Masato Koashi; Jamie Batuwantudawe

2009-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

420

Some Physics And System Issues In The Security Analysis Of Quantum Key Distribution Protocols  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we review a number of issues on the security of quantum key distribution (QKD) protocols that bear directly on the relevant physics or mathematical representation of the QKD cryptosystem. It is shown that the cryptosystem representation itself may miss out many possible attacks which are not accounted for in the security analysis and proofs. Hence the final security claims drawn from such analysis are not reliable, apart from foundational issues about the security criteria that are discussed elsewhere. The cases of continuous-variable QKD and multi-photon sources are elaborated upon.

Horace P. Yuen

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nems key macroeconomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

KEY DESIGN REQUIREMENTS FOR THE HIGH TEMPERATURE GAS-COOLED REACTOR NUCLEAR HEAT SUPPLY SYSTEM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Key requirements that affect the design of the high temperature gas-cooled reactor nuclear heat supply system (HTGR-NHSS) as the NGNP Project progresses through the design, licensing, construction and testing of the first of a kind HTGR based plant are summarized. These requirements derive from pre-conceptual design development completed to-date by HTGR Suppliers, collaboration with potential end users of the HTGR technology to identify energy needs, evaluation of integration of the HTGR technology with industrial processes and recommendations of the NGNP Project Senior Advisory Group.

L.E. Demick

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Office Civilian Waste Management Transportation Institutional Program Update on Collaborative Efforts with Key Stakeholders  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) created the Office of National Transportation in 2003 recognizing the need to revitalize and accelerate development of the transportation system. The Department has made a commitment to work through a collaborative planning process before developing specific policies and procedures and making transportation decisions. OCRWM has begun to build the institutional framework to support development of this transportation system. Interactions with stakeholders have been initiated. The authors describe the key stakeholders, identified issues, regional and national planning activities, and mechanisms for interaction.

E. Saris; P. Austin; J.J. Offner

2004-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

423

Quantum Key Ditribution Based on Quantum Intensity Correlation of Twin Beams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new and simple quantum key distribution scheme based on the quantum intensity correlation of optical twin beams and the directly local measurements of intensity noise of single optical beam is presented and experimentally demonstrated. Using the twin beams with the quantum intensity correlation of 5dB the effective bit rate of $2\\times 10^7bits/s$ is completed. The noncloning of quantum systems and the sensitivity of the existing correlations to losses provide the physical mechamism for the security against eavesdropping. In the presented scheme the signal modulation and homodyne detection are not needed.

Xiaojun Jia; Xiaolong Su; Qing Pan; Kunchi Peng; Changde Xie

2005-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

424

Photon counting for quantum key distribution with Peltier cooled InGaAs/InP APD's  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The performance of three types of InGaAs/InP avalanche photodiodes is investigated for photon counting at 1550 nm in the temperature range of thermoelectric cooling. The best one yields a dark count probability of $% 2.8\\cdot 10^{-5}$ per gate (2.4 ns) at a detection efficiency of 10% and a temperature of -60C. The afterpulse probability and the timing jitter are also studied. The results obtained are compared with those of other papers and applied to the simulation of a quantum key distribution system. An error rate of 10% would be obtained after 54 kilometers.

Damien Stucki; Grgoire Ribordy; Andr Stefanov; Hugo Zbinden; John G. Rarity; Tom Wall

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Photon counting for quantum key distribution with Peltier cooled InGaAs/InP APD's  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The performance of three types of InGaAs/InP avalanche photodiodes is investigated for photon counting at 1550 nm in the temperature range of thermoelectric cooling. The best one yields a dark count probability of $% 2.8\\cdot 10^{-5}$ per gate (2.4 ns) at a detection efficiency of 10% and a temperature of -60C. The afterpulse probability and the timing jitter are also studied. The results obtained are compared with those of other papers and applied to the simulation of a quantum key distribution system. An error rate of 10% would be obtained after 54 kilometers.

Stucki, D; Stefanov, A; Zbinden, H; Rarity, J G; Wall, T; Stucki, Damien; Ribordy, Gr\\'{e}goire; Stefanov, Andr\\'{e}; Zbinden, Hugo; Rarity, John G.; Wall, Tom

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

NERSC Played Key Role in Nobel Laureates Discovery  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recovery challengeMultiscaleLogos NERSC Logos NERSC logos arePlayed Key Role in

427

TEC Working Group Topic Groups Tribal Key Documents | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage »of Energy StrainClient update resolve008 HighDepartment of4MembersKey

428

Turbulence may be key to "fast magnetic reconnection" mystery  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched Ferromagnetism in Layered NbS2TopoPortalBRDFTunableTurbulence may be key to

429

Key Challenges in the North American Power Grid | GE Global Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfraredJeffersonJonathan PershingrelocatesKaye D.Ken T.NA>Kevlar andKey5

430

A QUICK KEY TO THE SUBFAMILIES AND GENERA OF ANTS OF THE SAVANNAH RIVER SITE, AIKEN, SC  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This taxonomic key was devised to support development of a Rapid Bioassessment Protocol using ants at the Savannah River Site. The emphasis is on ''rapid'' and, because the available keys contained a large number of genera not known to occur at the Savannah River Site, we found that the available keys were unwieldy. Because these keys contained more genera than we would likely encounter and because this larger number of genera required both more couplets in the key and often required examination of characters that are difficult to assess without higher magnifications (60X or higher) more time was required to process samples. In developing this set of keys I recognize that the character sets used may lead to some errors but I believe that the error rate will be small and, for the purpose of rapid bioassessment, this error rate will be acceptable provided that overall sample sizes are adequate. Oliver and Beattie (1996a, 1996b) found that for rapid assessment of biodiversity the same results were found when identifications were done to morphospecies by people with minimal expertise as when the same data sets were identified by subject matter experts. Basset et al. (2004) concluded that it was not as important to correctly identify all species as it was to be sure that the study included as many functional groups as possible. If your study requires high levels of accuracy, it is highly recommended that when you key out a specimen and have any doubts concerning the identification, you should refer to keys in Bolton (1994) or to the other keys used to develop this area specific taxonomic key.

Martin, D

2006-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

431

A key factor to the spin parameter of uniformly rotating compact stars: crust structure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the key factor to determine the dimensionless spin parameter $j\\equiv cJ/(GM^2)$ of different kinds of uniformly rotating compact stars, including the traditional neutron stars, hyperonic neutron stars, and hybrid stars, and check the reliability of the results on various types of equations of state of dense matter. The equations of state from the relativistic mean field theory and the MIT bag model are adopted to simulate compact stars. Numerical calculations of rigidly rotating neutron stars are performed using the RNS code in the framework of general relativity by solving the Einstein equations for stationary axis-symmetric spacetime. The crust structure of compact stars is found to be a key factor to determine the maximum value of the spin parameter $j_{\\rm max}$. For the stars with inclusion of the crust, $j_{\\rm max}\\sim 0.7$ is sustained for various kinds of compact stars with $M>0.5 M_{\\odot}$, and is found to be insensitive to the mass of star and selected equations of state. For the traditi...

Qi, B; Sun, B Y; Wang, S Y; Gao, J H

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Dense-Coding Attack on Three-Party Quantum Key Distribution Protocols  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cryptanalysis is an important branch in the study of cryptography, including both the classical cryptography and the quantum one. In this paper we analyze the security of two three-party quantum key distribution protocols (QKDPs) proposed recently, and point out that they are susceptible to a simple and effective attack, i.e. the dense-coding attack. It is shown that the eavesdropper Eve can totally obtain the session key by sending entangled qubits as the fake signal to Alice and performing collective measurements after Alice's encoding. The attack process is just like a dense-coding communication between Eve and Alice, where a special measurement basis is employed. Furthermore, this attack does not introduce any errors to the transmitted information and consequently will not be discovered by Alice and Bob. The attack strategy is described in detail and a proof for its correctness is given. At last, the root of this insecurity and a possible way to improve these protocols are discussed.

Fei Gao; Su-Juan Qin; Fen-Zhuo Guo; Qiao-Yan Wen

2011-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

433

Passive faraday mirror attack in practical two-way quantum key distribution system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The faraday mirror (FM) plays a very important role in maintaining the stability of two way plug-and-play quantum key distribution (QKD) system. However, the practical FM is imperfect, which will not only introduce additional quantum bit error rate (QBER) but also leave a loophole for Eve to spy the secret key. In this paper, we propose a passive faraday mirror attack in two way QKD system based on the imperfection of FM. Our analysis shows that, if the FM is imperfect, the dimension of Hilbert space spanned by the four states sent by Alice is three instead of two. Thus Eve can distinguish these states with a set of POVM operators belonging to three dimension space, which will reduce the QBER induced by her attack. Furthermore, a relationship between the degree of the imperfection of FM and the transmittance of the practical QKD system is obtained. The results show that, the probability that Eve loads her attack successfully depends on the degree of the imperfection of FM rapidly, but the QBER induced by Eve's attack changes with the degree of the imperfection of FM slightly.

Shi-Hai Sun; Mu-Sheng Jiang; Lin-Mei Liang

2012-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

434

Passive Faraday-mirror attack in a practical two-way quantum-key-distribution system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Faraday mirror (FM) plays a very important role in maintaining the stability of two-way plug-and-play quantum key distribution (QKD) systems. However, the practical FM is imperfect, which will not only introduce an additional quantum bit error rate (QBER) but also leave a loophole for Eve to spy the secret key. In this paper we propose a passive Faraday mirror attack in two-way QKD system based on the imperfection of FM. Our analysis shows that if the FM is imperfect, the dimension of Hilbert space spanned by the four states sent by Alice is three instead of two. Thus Eve can distinguish these states with a set of Positive Operator Valued Measure (POVM) operators belonging to three-dimension space, which will reduce the QBER induced by her attack. Furthermore, a relationship between the degree of the imperfection of FM and the transmittance of the practical QKD system is obtained. The results show that the probability that Eve loads her attack successfully depends on the degree of the imperfection of FM rapidly, but the QBER induced by Eve's attack changes slightly with the degree of the FM imperfection.

Sun Shihai; Jiang Musheng; Liang Linmei [Department of Physics, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073 (China)

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

435

Distribution Statistics and Random Matrix Formalism of Multicarrier Continuous-Variable Quantum Key Distribution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a combined mathematical framework of order statistics and random matrix theory for multicarrier continuous-variable (CV) quantum key distribution (QKD). In a multicarrier CVQKD scheme, the information is granulated into Gaussian subcarrier CVs, and the physical Gaussian link is divided into Gaussian sub-channels. The sub-channels are dedicated to the conveying of the subcarrier CVs. The distribution statistics analysis covers the study of the distribution of the sub-channel transmittance coefficients in the presence of a Gaussian noise and the utilization of the moment generation function (MGF) in the error analysis. We reveal the mathematical formalism of sub-channel selection and formulation of the transmittance coefficients, and show a reduced complexity progressive sub-channel scanning method. We define a random matrix formalism for multicarrier CVQKD to evaluate the statistical properties of the information flowing process. Using random matrix theory, we express the achievable secret key rates and study the efficiency of the AMQD-MQA (adaptive multicarrier quadrature division-multiuser quadrature allocation) multiple-access multicarrier CVQKD. The proposed combined framework is particularly convenient for the characterization of the physical processes of experimental multicarrier CVQKD.

Laszlo Gyongyosi

2014-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

436

PMI-based MIMO OFDM PHY Integrated Key Exchange (P-MOPI) Scheme  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the literature, J.-P. Cheng et al. have proposed the MIMO-OFDM PHY integrated (MOPI) scheme for achieving physical-layer security in practice without using any cryptographic ciphers. The MOPI scheme uses channel sounding and physical-layer network coding (PNC) to prevent eavesdroppers from learning the channel state information (CSI). Nevertheless, due to the use of multiple antennas for PNC at transmitter and beamforming at receiver, it is not possible to have spatial multiplexing nor use space-time codes in our previous MOPI scheme. In this paper, we propose a variant of the MOPI scheme, called P-MOPI, that works with a cryptographic cipher and utilizes precoding matrix index (PMI) as an efficient key-exchange mechanism. With channel sounding, the PMI is only known between the transmitter and the legal receiver. The shared key can then be used, e.g., as the seed to generate pseudo random bit sequences for securing subsequent transmissions using a stream cipher. By applying the same techniques at independ...

Lan, Pang-Chang; Lee, Chia-Han; Yeh, Ping-Cheng; Cheng, Chen-Mou

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Club Convergence of House Prices: Evidence from China's Ten Key Cities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The latest global financial tsunami and its follow-up global economic recession has uncovered the crucial impact of housing markets on financial and economic systems. The Chinese stock market experienced a markedly fall during the global financial tsunami and China's economy has also slowed down by about 2\\%-3\\% when measured in GDP. Nevertheless, the housing markets in diverse Chinese cities seemed to continue the almost nonstop mania for more than ten years. However, the structure and dynamics of the Chinese housing market are less studied. Here we perform an extensive study of the Chinese housing market by analyzing ten representative key cities based on both linear and nonlinear econophysical and econometric methods. We identify a common collective driving force which accounts for 96.5\\% of the house price growth, indicating very high systemic risk in the Chinese housing market. The ten key cities can be categorized into clubs and the house prices of the cities in the same club exhibit an evident converge...

Meng, Hao; Zhou, Wei-Xing

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Passive sources for the Bennett-Brassard 1984 quantum key distribution protocol with practical signals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Most experimental realizations of quantum key distribution are based on the Bennett-Brassard 1984 (so-called BB84) protocol. In a typical optical implementation of this scheme, the sender uses an active source to produce the required BB84 signal states. While active state preparation of BB84 signals is a simple and elegant solution in principle, in practice passive state preparation might be desirable in some scenarios, for instance, in those experimental setups operating at high transmission rates. Passive schemes might also be more robust against side-channel attacks than active sources. Typical passive devices involve parametric down-conversion. In this paper, we show that both coherent light and practical single photon sources are also suitable for passive generation of BB84 signal states. Our method does not require any external-driven element, but only linear optical components and photodetectors. In the case of coherent light, the resulting key rate is similar to the one delivered by an active source. When the sender uses practical single photon sources, however, the distance covered by a passive transmitter might be longer than the one of an active configuration.

Marcos Curty; Xiongfeng Ma; Hoi-Kwong Lo; Norbert Ltkenhaus

2010-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

439

Generating the local oscillator "locally" in continuous-variable quantum key distribution based on coherent detection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Continuous-variable quantum key distribution (CV-QKD) protocols based on coherent detection have been studied extensively in both theory and experiment. In all the existing implementations of CV-QKD, both the quantum signal and the local oscillator (LO) are generated from the same laser and propagate through the insecure quantum channel. This arrangement may open security loopholes and also limit the potential applications of CV-QKD. In this paper, we propose and demonstrate a pilot-aided feedforward data recovery scheme which enables reliable coherent detection using a "locally" generated LO. Using two independent commercial laser sources and a spool of 25 km optical fiber, we construct a coherent communication system. The variance of the phase noise introduced by the proposed scheme is measured to be 0.04 (rad^2), which is small enough to enable secure key distribution. This technology also opens the door for other quantum communication protocols, such as the recently proposed measurement-device-independent (MDI) CV-QKD where independent light sources are employed by different users.

Bing Qi; Pavel Lougovski; Raphael Pooser; Warren Grice; Miljko Bobrek

2015-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

440

Break-Even Cost for Residential Photovoltaics in the United States: Key Drivers and Sensitivities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Grid parity--or break-even cost--for photovoltaic (PV) technology is defined as the point where the cost of PV-generated electricity equals the cost of electricity purchased from the grid. Break-even cost is expressed in $/W of an installed system. Achieving break-even cost is a function of many variables. Consequently, break-even costs vary by location and time for a country, such as the United States, with a diverse set of resources, electricity prices, and other variables. In this report, we analyze PV break-even costs for U.S. residential customers. We evaluate some key drivers of grid parity both regionally and over time. We also examine the impact of moving from flat to time-of-use (TOU) rates, and we evaluate individual components of the break-even cost, including effect of rate structure and various incentives. Finally, we examine how PV markets might evolve on a regional basis considering the sensitivity of the break-even cost to four major drivers: technical performance, financing parameters, electricity prices and rates, and policies. We find that local incentives rather than ?technical? parameters are in general the key drivers of the break-even cost of PV. Additionally, this analysis provides insight about the potential viability of PV markets.

Denholm, P.; Margolis, R. M.; Ong, S.; Roberts, B.

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nems key macroeconomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Bounds on entanglement distillation and secret key agreement for quantum broadcast channels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The squashed entanglement of a quantum channel is an additive function of quantum channels, which finds application as an upper bound on the rate at which secret key and entanglement can be generated when using a quantum channel a large number of times in addition to unlimited classical communication. This quantity has led to an upper bound of $\\log((1+\\eta )/(1-\\eta))$ on the capacity of an optical communication channel for such a task, where $\\eta$ is the average fraction of photons that make it from the input to the output of the channel. The purpose of the present paper is to extend these results beyond the single-sender single-receiver setting to the more general case of a single sender and multiple receivers (a quantum broadcast channel). We employ multipartite generalizations of the squashed entanglement to constrain the rates at which secret key and entanglement can be generated between any subset of the users of such a channel, along the way developing several new properties of these measures. We apply our results to the case of an optical broadcast channel with one sender and two receivers.

Kaushik P. Seshadreesan; Masahiro Takeoka; Mark M. Wilde

2015-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

442

Breakeven Cost for Residential Photovoltaics in the United States: Key Drivers and Sensitivities (Report Summary) (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

"Break-even cost" for photovoltaic (PV) technology is defined as the point where the cost of PV-generated electricity equals the cost of electricity purchased from the grid. Break-even cost is expressed in $/W of an installed system. Achieving break-even cost is a function of many variables. Consequently, break-even costs vary by location and time for a country, such as the United States, with a diverse set of resources, electricity prices, and other variables. In this presentation, we introduce an analysis of PV break-even costs for residential customers in the United States, including an evaluation of some of the key drivers of PV breakeven both regionally and over time. This presentation includes our methodology and presents results for both near-term residential breakeven costs(2009) and future market sensitivities of break-even costs (2015). See also the the report "Break-Even Cost for Residential Photovoltaics in the United States: Key Drivers and Sensitivities". Presentation for NREL/TP-6A2-45991.

Denholm, P.; Margolis, R. M.; Ong, S.; Roberts, B.

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Soil Landscape Assessment atSoil Landscape Assessment at D I l d L A C d KD I l d L A C d KDog Island Lease Area, Cedar KeyDog Island Lease Area, Cedar Key  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Soil Landscape Assessment atSoil Landscape Assessment at D I l d L A C d KD I l d L A C d KDog Island Lease Area, Cedar KeyDog Island Lease Area, Cedar Key #12;Soil SampleSoil Sample LocationsLocationsLocationsLocations #12;Soil ElevationSoil Elevation (Bathymetry)(Bathymetry)(Bathymetry)(Bathymetry) 1.5 ft NAD881.5 ft

Florida, University of

444

The continental margin is a key source of iron to the HNLC North Pacific Ocean  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Here we show that labile particulate iron and manganese concentrations in the upper 500m of the Western Subarctic Pacific, an iron-limited High Nutrient Low Chlorophyll (HNLC) region, have prominent subsurface maxima between 100-200 m, reaching 3 nM and 600 pM, respectively. The subsurface concentration maxima in particulate Fe are characterized by a more reduced oxidation state, suggesting a source from primary volcagenic minerals such as from the Kuril/Kamchatka margin. The systematics of these profiles suggest a consistently strong lateral advection of labile Mn and Fe from redox-mobilized labile sources at the continental shelf supplemented by a more variable source of Fe from the upper continental slope. This subsurface supply of iron from the continental margin is shallow enough to be accessible to the surface through winter upwelling and vertical mixing, and is likely a key source of bioavailable Fe to the HNLC North Pacific.

Lam, P.J.; Bishop, J.K.B

2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

445

Key Elements of Robustness in Binary Black Hole Evolutions using Spectral Methods  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As a network of advanced-era gravitational wave detectors is nearing its design sensitivity, efficient and accurate waveform modeling becomes more and more relevant. Understanding of the nature of the signal being sought can have an order unity effect on the event rates seen in these instruments. The paper provides a description of key elements of the Spectral Einstein Code ({\\tt SpEC}), with details of our spectral adaptive mesh refinement (AMR) algorithm that has been optimized for binary black hole (BBH) evolutions. We expect that the gravitational waveform catalog produced by our code will have a central importance in both the detection and parameter estimation of gravitational waves in these instruments.

Bela Szilagyi

2014-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

446

Key technological issues in LMFBR high-temperature structural design - the US perspective  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this paper is: (1) to review the key technological issues in LMFBR high-temperature structural design, particularly as they relate to cost reduction; and (2) to provide an overview of activities sponsored by the US Department of Energy to resolve the issues and to establish stable, standardized, and defensible structural design methods and criteria. Specific areas of discussion include: weldments, structural validation tests, simplified design analysis procedures, design procedures for piping, validation of the methodology for notch-like geometries, improved life assessment procedures, thermal striping, extension of the methodology to new materials, and ASME high-temperature Code reform needs. The perceived problems and needs in each area are discussed, and the current status of related US activities is given.

Corum, J.M.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Sequential Attack with Intensity Modulation on the Differential-Phase-Shift Quantum Key Distribution Protocol  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we discuss the security of the differential-phase-shift quantum key distribution (DPSQKD) protocol by introducing an improved version of the so-called sequential attack, which was originally discussed by Waks et al. Our attack differs from the original form of the sequential attack in that the attacker Eve modulates not only the phases but also the amplitude in the superposition of the single-photon states which she sends to the receiver. Concentrating especially on the "discretized gaussian" intensity modulation, we show that our attack is more effective than the individual attack, which had been the best attack up to present. As a result of this, the recent experiment with communication distance of 100km reported by Diamanti et al. turns out to be insecure. Moreover it can be shown that in a practical experimental setup which is commonly used today, the communication distance achievable by the DPSQKD protocol is less than 95km.

Toyohiro Tsurumaru

2006-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

448

NGNP: High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor Key Definitions, Plant Capabilities, and Assumptions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document is intended to provide a Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) Project tool in which to collect and identify key definitions, plant capabilities, and inputs and assumptions to be used in ongoing efforts related to the licensing and deployment of a high temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR). These definitions, capabilities, and assumptions are extracted from a number of sources, including NGNP Project documents such as licensing related white papers [References 1-11] and previously issued requirement documents [References 13-15]. Also included is information agreed upon by the NGNP Regulatory Affairs group's Licensing Working Group and Configuration Council. The NGNP Project approach to licensing an HTGR plant via a combined license (COL) is defined within the referenced white papers and reference [12], and is not duplicated here.

Phillip Mills

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Virtual gravitational dipoles: The key for the understanding of the Universe?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Before the end of this decade, three competing experiments (ALPHA, AEGIS and GBAR) will discover if atoms of antihydrogen fall up or down. We wonder what the major changes in astrophysics and cosmology would be if it is experimentally confirmed that antimatter falls upwards. The key point is: If antiparticles have negative gravitational charge, the quantum vacuum, well established in the Standard Model of Particles and Fields, contains virtual gravitational dipoles. The main conclusions are: (1) the physical vacuum enriched with gravitational dipoles is compatible with a cyclic universe alternatively dominated by matter and antimatter, without initial singularity and without need for cosmic inflation; (2) the virtual dipoles might explain the phenomena usually attributed to dark matter and dark energy. While what we have presented is still far from a complete theory, hopefully it can stimulate a radically different and potentially important way of thinking.

Dragan Slavkov Hajdukovic

2014-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

450

Framework for Identifying Key Environmental Concerns in Marine Renewable Energy Projects- Appendices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Marine wave and tidal energy technology could interact with marine resources in ways that are not well understood. As wave and tidal energy conversion projects are planned, tested, and deployed, a wide range of stakeholders will be engaged; these include developers, state and federal regulatory agencies, environmental groups, tribal governments, recreational and commercial fishermen, and local communities. Identifying stakeholders environmental concerns in the early stages of the industrys development will help developers address and minimize potential environmental effects. Identifying important concerns will also assist with streamlining siting and associated permitting processes, which are considered key hurdles by the industry in the U.S. today. In September 2008, RE Vision consulting, LLC was selected by the Department of Energy (DoE) to conduct a scenario-based evaluation of emerging hydrokinetic technologies. The purpose of this evaluation is to identify and characterize environmental impacts that are likely to occur, demonstrate a process for analyzing these impacts, identify the key environmental concerns for each scenario, identify areas of uncertainty, and describe studies that could address that uncertainty. This process is intended to provide an objective and transparent tool to assist in decision-making for siting and selection of technology for wave and tidal energy development. RE Vision worked with H. T. Harvey & Associates, to develop a framework for identifying key environmental concerns with marine renewable technology. This report describes the results of this study. This framework was applied to varying wave and tidal power conversion technologies, scales, and locations. The following wave and tidal energy scenarios were considered: ? 4 wave energy generation technologies ? 3 tidal energy generation technologies ? 3 sites: Humboldt coast, California (wave); Makapuu Point, Oahu, Hawaii (wave); and the Tacoma Narrows, Washington (tidal) ? 3 project sizes: pilot, small commercial, and large commercial The possible combinations total 24 wave technology scenarios and 9 tidal technology scenarios. We evaluated 3 of the 33 scenarios in detail: 1. A small commercial OPT Power Buoy project off the Humboldt County, California coast 2. A small commercial Pelamis Wave Power P-2 project off Makapuu Point, Oahu, Hawaii 3. A pilot MCT SeaGen tidal project, sited in the Tacoma Narrows, Washington This framework document used information available from permitting documents that were written to support actual wave or tidal energy projects, but the results obtained here should not be confused with those of the permitting documents1. The main difference between this framework document and permitting documents of currently proposed pilot projects is that this framework identifies key environmental concerns and describes the next steps in addressing those concerns; permitting documents must identify effects, find or declare thresholds of significance, evaluate the effects against the thresholds, and find mitigation measures that will minimize or avoid the effects so they can be considered less-than-significant. Two methodologies, 1) an environmental effects analysis and 2) Raptools, were developed and tested to identify potential environmental effects associated with wave or tidal energy conversion projects. For the environmental effects analysis, we developed a framework based on standard risk assessment techniques. The framework was applied to the three scenarios listed above. The environmental effects analysis addressed questions such as: ? What is the temporal and spatial exposure of a species at a site? ? What are the specific potential project effects on that species? ? What measures could minimize, mitigate, or eliminate negative effects? ? Are there potential effects of the project, or species response to the effect, that are highly uncertain and warrant additional study? The second methodology, Raptools, is a collaborative approach useful for evaluating multiple characteristi

Sharon Kramer; Mirko Previsic; Peter Nelson; Sheri Woo

2010-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

451

Key components for nano-assembled plasmon-excited single molecule non-linear devices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tremendous enhancement of light-matter interaction in plasmon-excited molecular hybrid devices allows for non-linearities on the level of single emitters and few photons. This promises a plethora of novel applications like single photon transistors. Nevertheless, building the components of such devices is technologically extremely challenging. We tackle this task by lithographically fabricating on-chip plasmonic waveguides, efficiently connected to far-field in- and out-coupling ports via low-loss dielectric waveguides. Furthermore, a nano-assembling technology is developed, enabling the controlled coupling of single organic emitters to the plasmonic waveguides. Dibenzoterrylene fluorescent molecules hosted in anthracene crystals are investigated for this purpose. Here we present all key-components and technologies for a plasmon-excited single molecule non-linear device.

Kewes, Gnter; Mazzamuto, Giacomo; Neitzke, Oliver; Schnfeld, Rolf-Simon; Schell, Andreas W; Probst, Jrgen; Wolters, Janik; Lchel, Bernd; Toninelli, Costanza; Benson, Oliver

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Transportation Energy Futures: Key Opportunities and Tools for Decision Makers (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Transportation Energy Futures (TEF) project examines underexplored greenhouse gas-abatement and oil-savings opportunities by consolidating transportation energy knowledge, conducting advanced analysis, and exploring additional opportunities for sound strategic action. Led by NREL, in collaboration with Argonne National Laboratory, the project's primary goal is to provide analysis to accompany DOE-EERE's long-term transportation energy planning by addressing high-priority questions, informing domestic decisions about transportation energy strategies, priorities, and investments. Research and analysis were conducted with an eye toward short-term actions that support long-term energy goals The project looks beyond technology to examine each key question in the context of the marketplace, consumer behavior, industry capabilities, and infrastructure. This updated fact sheet includes a new section on initial project findings.

Not Available

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Risk analysis of Trojan-horse attacks on practical quantum key distribution systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An eavesdropper Eve may probe a quantum key distribution (QKD) system by sending a bright pulse from the quantum channel into the system and analyzing the back-reflected pulses. Such Trojan-horse attacks can breach the security of the QKD system if appropriate safeguards are not installed or if they can be fooled by Eve. We present a risk analysis of such attacks based on extensive spectral measurements, such as transmittance, reflectivity, and detection sensitivity of some critical components used in typical QKD systems. Our results indicate the existence of wavelength regimes where the attacker gains considerable advantage as compared to launching an attack at 1550 nm. We also propose countermeasures to reduce the risk of such attacks.

Nitin Jain; Birgit Stiller; Imran Khan; Vadim Makarov; Christoph Marquardt; Gerd Leuchs

2014-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

454

Abstract--In models of imperfect competition of deregulated electricity markets, the key task is to find the Nash equilibrium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Abstract--In models of imperfect competition of deregulated electricity markets, the key task techniques are adopted in this paper. Two example application problems arising from electricity markets Terms-- Bimatrix Game, Complementarity Problem, Deregulation, Dominated Strategy, Electric Power Market

Baldick, Ross

455

Optimal individual attack on BB84 quantum key distribution using single-photon two-qubit quantum logic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose the use of single-photon two-qubit quantum logic to physically simulate the optimal individual attack on Bennett-Brassard 1984 quantum key distribution protocol.The experimental setup does not require a quantum ...

Garcia-Patron Sanchez, Raul

456

NIST ITL Participation in Voluntary Standards Developing Organizations (Key: Highlighted activities represent areas, which are international in scope.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 NIST ITL Participation in Voluntary Standards Developing Organizations (Key: Highlighted Technical Standards Committee E. Simmon 775 IEC SC3D International Electrotechnical Commission Subcommittee International Electrotechnical Commission Technical Committee 111, Environmental standardization for electrical

457

Unternehmen und Social Media wie passt das zusammen? Dr. Alexander Stocker, Key Researcher, DIGITAL Institut fr Informations und  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Unternehmen und Social Media wie passt das zusammen? Dr. Alexander Stocker, Key Researcher, DIGITAL Institut fr Informations und Kommunikationstechnologien, JOANNEUM RESEARCH. DI Harald Mayer, Head of Intelligent Information Systems Group, DIGITAL Institut fr Informations und

Hammerton, James

458

Method and apparatus for free-space quantum key distribution in daylight  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A quantum cryptography apparatus securely generates a key to be used for secure transmission between a sender and a receiver connected by an atmospheric transmission link. A first laser outputs a timing bright light pulse; other lasers output polarized optical data pulses after having been enabled by a random bit generator. Output optics transmit output light from the lasers that is received by receiving optics. A first beam splitter receives light from the receiving optics, where a received timing bright light pulse is directed to a delay circuit for establishing a timing window for receiving light from the lasers and where an optical data pulse from one of the lasers has a probability of being either transmitted by the beam splitter or reflected by the beam splitter. A first polarizer receives transmitted optical data pulses to output one data bit value and a second polarizer receives reflected optical data pulses to output a second data bit value. A computer receives pulses representing receipt of a timing bright timing pulse and the first and second data bit values, where receipt of the first and second data bit values is indexed by the bright timing pulse.

Hughes, Richard J.; Buttler, William T.; Lamoreaux, Steve K.; Morgan, George L.; Nordholt, Jane E.; Peterson, C. Glen; Kwiat, Paul G.

2004-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

459

Human Factors Engineering Program Review Model (NUREG-0711)Revision 3: Update Methodology and Key Revisions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) reviews the human factors engineering (HFE) programs of applicants for nuclear power plant construction permits, operating licenses, standard design certifications, and combined operating licenses. The purpose of these safety reviews is to help ensure that personnel performance and reliability are appropriately supported. Detailed design review procedures and guidance for the evaluations is provided in three key documents: the Standard Review Plan (NUREG-0800), the HFE Program Review Model (NUREG-0711), and the Human-System Interface Design Review Guidelines (NUREG-0700). These documents were last revised in 2007, 2004 and 2002, respectively. The NRC is committed to the periodic update and improvement of the guidance to ensure that it remains a state-of-the-art design evaluation tool. To this end, the NRC is updating its guidance to stay current with recent research on human performance, advances in HFE methods and tools, and new technology being employed in plant and control room design. NUREG-0711 is the first document to be addressed. We present the methodology used to update NUREG-0711 and summarize the main changes made. Finally, we discuss the current status of the update program and the future plans.

OHara J. M.; Higgins, J.; Fleger, S.

2012-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

460

The key to minimizing minesite versus utility laboratory analyses on Powder River Basin coals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Powder River Basin (PRB) coals are continuing to expand their areas of use into regions previously reserved for higher ranked coals. PRB coals are subbituminous by rank. Inherent moisture values of 25 to 30 percent are the norm. PRB coals, being lower rank in nature, also tend to oxidize very easily. These factors combined produce a coal which can cause analysis problems for laboratories unaccustomed to PRB coals. In fact, even laboratories that deal with this type of coal on a daily basis can experience analytical difficulties. Special care needs to be taken by both minesite laboratory and the utility laboratory to ensure accurate analyses. Cooperation between both parties is the key to reproducible analyses. Only by working together can parties fully analyze the situation and develop analytical methods acceptable to both. This paper will describe the methods employed by the Caballo Rojo Mine (CRM) and the Georgia Power Company (GPC) to resolve laboratory analysis differences found during shipments by CRM to GPC beginning in 1994. The following topics are discussed: initial comparative results, analytical investigations, the cooperative process, recent comparative results, and conclusions.

Rexin, M.G.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nems key macroeconomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

First-principles flocculation as the key to low energy algal biofuels processing.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document summarizes a three year Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) program effort to improve our understanding of algal flocculation with a key to overcoming harvesting as a techno-economic barrier to algal biofuels. Flocculation is limited by the concentrations of deprotonated functional groups on the algal cell surface. Favorable charged groups on the surfaces of precipitates that form in solution and the interaction of both with ions in the water can favor flocculation. Measurements of algae cell-surface functional groups are reported and related to the quantity of flocculant required. Deprotonation of surface groups and complexation of surface groups with ions from the growth media are predicted in the context of PHREEQC. The understanding of surface chemistry is linked to boundaries of effective flocculation. We show that the phase-space of effective flocculation can be expanded by more frequent alga-alga or floc-floc collisions. The collision frequency is dependent on the floc structure, described in the fractal sense. The fractal floc structure is shown to depend on the rate of shear mixing. We present both experimental measurements of the floc structure variation and simulations using LAMMPS (Large-scale Atomic/Molecular Massively Parallel Simulator). Both show a densification of the flocs with increasing shear. The LAMMPS results show a combined change in the fractal dimension and a change in the coordination number leading to stronger flocs.

Hewson, John C.; Wyatt, Nicholas B.; Pierce, Flint; Brady, Patrick Vane; Dwyer, Brian P.; Grillet, Anne Mary; Hankins, Matthew G; Hughes, Lindsey Gloe; Lechman, Jeremy B.; Mondy, Lisa Ann; Murton, Jaclyn K.; O'Hern, Timothy J; Parchert, Kylea Joy; Pohl, Phillip Isabio; Williams, Cecelia Victoria; Zhang, Xuezhi [Arizona State University, Mesa, AZ; Hu, Qiang [Arizona State University, Mesa, AZ; Amendola, Pasquale [Arizona State University, Mesa, AZ; Reynoso, Monica [Arizona State University, Mesa, AZ; Sommerfeld, Milton [Arizona State University, Mesa, AZ

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Conduct of Operations, the first line supervisor: The key to implementation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Implementation of US Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5480.19, Conduct of Operations Requirements for DOE Facilities (DOE 1990) requires modification of personal behavior and group culture. Stranded in the middle, between vision and practical application, is the first line supervisor. Conduct of Operations is a mixture of philosophy and application requiring time, resources, and motivated personnel to achieve visible, long lasting, and meaningful improvement in safety, productivity, and accountability. Consistency in training and implementation strategies for all levels of the company is essential to build the team necessary to establish the ideal Conduct of Operations environment. The focus should be on producing change, strengthening supervisor interaction with their direct reports, and making Conduct of Operations implementation permanent. The first line supervisor is the key to successful implementation. To aid the supervisor in smoothing the implementation process the following questions are covered in this report: (1) what lessons have we learned from our experience so far (2) is there a best way to introduce and orchestrate an atmosphere for change using Conduct of Operations principles (3) what are the roles for each participant in this change (4) what are the tools to help in this process and, (5) what will it cost.

Anglesey, S.C.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Conduct of Operations, the first line supervisor: The key to implementation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Implementation of US Department of Energy (DOE) Order 5480.19, Conduct of Operations Requirements for DOE Facilities (DOE 1990) requires modification of personal behavior and group culture. Stranded in the middle, between vision and practical application, is the first line supervisor. Conduct of Operations is a mixture of philosophy and application requiring time, resources, and motivated personnel to achieve visible, long lasting, and meaningful improvement in safety, productivity, and accountability. Consistency in training and implementation strategies for all levels of the company is essential to build the team necessary to establish the ideal Conduct of Operations environment. The focus should be on producing change, strengthening supervisor interaction with their direct reports, and making Conduct of Operations implementation permanent. The first line supervisor is the key to successful implementation. To aid the supervisor in smoothing the implementation process the following questions are covered in this report: (1) what lessons have we learned from our experience so far? (2) is there a best way to introduce and orchestrate an atmosphere for change using Conduct of Operations principles? (3) what are the roles for each participant in this change? (4) what are the tools to help in this process? and, (5) what will it cost.

Anglesey, S.C.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Redox states of Desulfovibrio vulgaris DsrC, a key protein in dissimilatory sulfite reduction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: DsrC is known to interact with the dissimilatory sulfite reductase enzyme (DsrAB). We show that, however, most cellular DsrC is not associated with DsrAB. A gel-shift assay was developed that allows monitoring of the DsrC redox state. The DsrC intramolecularly oxidized state could only be produced by arginine treatment. -- Abstract: Dissimilatory reduction of sulfite is carried out by the siroheme enzyme DsrAB, with the involvement of the protein DsrC, which has two conserved redox-active cysteines. DsrC was initially believed to be a third subunit of DsrAB. Here, we report a study of the distribution of DsrC in cell extracts to show that, in the model sulfate reducer Desulfovibrio vulgaris, the majority of DsrC is not associated with DsrAB and is thus free to interact with other proteins. In addition, we developed a cysteine-labelling gel-shift assay to monitor the DsrC redox state and behaviour, and procedures to produce the different redox forms. The oxidized state of DsrC with an intramolecular disulfide bond, which is proposed to be a key metabolic intermediate, could be successfully produced for the first time by treatment with arginine.

Venceslau, Sofia S. [Instituto de Tecnologia Qumica e Biolgica Antnio Xavier, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Oeiras (Portugal)] [Instituto de Tecnologia Qumica e Biolgica Antnio Xavier, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Oeiras (Portugal); Cort, John R.; Baker, Erin S. [Fundamental and Computational Sciences Directorate, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99352 (United States)] [Fundamental and Computational Sciences Directorate, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99352 (United States); Chu, Rosalie K.; Robinson, Errol W. [Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99352 (United States)] [Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99352 (United States); Dahl, Christiane [Institut fr Mikrobiologie and Biotechnologie, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universitt Bonn, Meckenheimer Allee 168, D-53115 Bonn (Germany)] [Institut fr Mikrobiologie and Biotechnologie, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universitt Bonn, Meckenheimer Allee 168, D-53115 Bonn (Germany); Saraiva, Lgia M. [Instituto de Tecnologia Qumica e Biolgica Antnio Xavier, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Oeiras (Portugal)] [Instituto de Tecnologia Qumica e Biolgica Antnio Xavier, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Oeiras (Portugal); Pereira, Ins A.C., E-mail: ipereira@itqb.unl.pt [Instituto de Tecnologia Qumica e Biolgica Antnio Xavier, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Oeiras (Portugal)

2013-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

465

SKA Key science project: Radio observations of cosmic reionization and first light  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I update the SKA key science program (KSP) on first light and cosmic reionization. The KSP has two themes: (i) Using the 21cm line of neutral hydrogen as the most direct probe into the evolution of the neutral intergalactic medium during cosmic reionization. Such HI 21cm studies are potentially the most important new window on cosmology since the discovery of the CMB. (ii) Observing the gas, dust, star formation, and dynamics, of the first galaxies and AGN. Observations at cm and mm wavelengths, provide an unobscured view of galaxy formation within 1 Gyr of the Big Bang, and are an ideal complement to the study of stars, ionized gas, and AGN done using near-IR telescopes. I summarize HI 21cm signals, challenges, and telescopes under construction. I also discuss the prospects for studying the pre-galactic medium, prior to first light, using a low frequency telescope on the Moon. I then review the current status of mm and cm observations of the most known distant galaxies (z > 6). I make the simple argument that even a 10% SKA-high demonstrator will have a profound impact on the study of the first galaxies. In particular, extending the SKA to the 'natural' atmospheric limit (set by the O_2 line) of 45 GHz, increases the effective sensitivity to thermal emission by another factor four.

C. L. Carilli

2008-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

466

Practical Point-to-Point Free-Space Quantum Key Distribution over 1/2 KM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have demonstrated point-to-point single-photon quantum key distribution (QKD) over a free-space optical path of {approximately}475 m under daylight conditions. This represents an increase of >1,000 times farther than any reported point-to-point demonstration, and >6 times farther than the previous folded path daylight demonstration. We expect to extend the daylight range to 2 km or more within the next few months. A brief description of the system is given here. The QKD transmitter, a.k.a. ''Alice'' (Fig. 1), consists of three thermoelectrically cooled diode lasers, a single interference filter (IF), two optical attenuators, two linear polarizers, two non-polarization beam-splitters (BSs), and a 27x beam expander. The two data-lasers' (dim-lasers') wavelengths are temperature controlled and constrained by the IF to {approximately}773 {+-} 0.5 nm, while the transmitted wavelength of the bright-laser (timing-laser) is {approximately}768 nm; the data-lasers are configured to emit a weak pulse of approximately 1 ns duration. The transmitter incorporates no active polarization switching--a first in QKD.

Buttler, W.T.; Hughes, R.J.; Kwiat, P.G.; Lamoreaux, S.K.; Morgan, G.L.; Peterson, C.G.

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

The Rosette Eye: the key transition phase in the birth of a massive star  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Massive protostars dramatically influence their surroundings via accretion-induced outflows and intense radiation fields. They evolve rapidly, the disk and infalling envelope being evaporated and dissipated in $\\sim$ 10$^5$ years. Consequently, they are very rare and investigating this important phase of early stellar evolution is extremely difficult. Here we present the discovery of a key transient phase in the emergence of a massive young star, in which ultraviolet radiation from the new-born giant has just punctured through its natal core. The massive young stellar object AFGL 961 II is readily resolved in the near infrared. Its morphology closely resembles a cat's eye and is here dubbed as the Rosette Eye. Emerging ionized flows blow out an hourglass shaped nebula, which, along with the existence of strong near-infrared excess, suggests the existence of an accretion disk in the perpendicular direction. The lobes of the hourglass, however, are capped with arcs of static H$_{2}$ emission produced by fluorescence. This study has strong implications for our understanding of how massive stars embark on their formation.

J. Z. Li; M. D. Smith; R. Gredel; C. J. Davis; T. A. Rector

2008-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

468

Sequential attack with intensity modulation on the differential-phase-shift quantum-key-distribution protocol  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, we discuss the security of the differential-phase-shift quantum-key-distribution (DPSQKD) protocol by introducing an improved version of the so-called sequential attack, which was originally discussed by Waks et al. [Phys. Rev. A 73, 012344 (2006)]. Our attack differs from the original form of the sequential attack in that the attacker Eve modulates not only the phases but also the amplitude in the superposition of the single-photon states which she sends to the receiver. Concentrating especially on the 'discretized Gaussian' intensity modulation, we show that our attack is more effective than the individual attack, which had been the best attack up to present. As a result of this, the recent experiment with communication distance of 100 km reported by Diamanti et al. [Opt. Express 14, 13073 (2006)] turns out to be insecure. Moreover, it can be shown that in a practical experimental setup which is commonly used today, the communication distance achievable by the DPSQKD protocol is less than 95 km.

Tsurumaru, Toyohiro [Mitsubishi Electric Corporation, Information Technology R and D Center, 5-1-1 Ofuna, Kamakura-shi, Kanagawa, 247-8501 (Japan)

2007-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

469

Failure Impact Analysis of Key Management in AMI Using Cybernomic Situational Assessment (CSA)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In earlier work, we presented a computational framework for quantifying the security of a system in terms of the average loss a stakeholder stands to sustain as a result of threats to the system. We named this system, the Cyberspace Security Econometrics System (CSES). In this paper, we refine the framework and apply it to cryptographic key management within the Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI) as an example. The stakeholders, requirements, components, and threats are determined. We then populate the matrices with justified values by addressing the AMI at a higher level, rather than trying to consider every piece of hardware and software involved. We accomplish this task by leveraging the recently established NISTR 7628 guideline for smart grid security. This allowed us to choose the stakeholders, requirements, components, and threats realistically. We reviewed the literature and selected an industry technical working group to select three representative threats from a collection of 29 threats. From this subset, we populate the stakes, dependency, and impact matrices, and the threat vector with realistic numbers. Each Stakeholder s Mean Failure Cost is then computed.

Abercrombie, Robert K [ORNL] [ORNL; Sheldon, Frederick T [ORNL] [ORNL; Hauser, Katie R [ORNL] [ORNL; Lantz, Margaret W [ORNL] [ORNL; Mili, Ali [New Jersey Insitute of Technology] [New Jersey Insitute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Scintillation has minimal impact on far-field Bennett-Brassard 1984 protocol quantum key distribution  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of scintillation, arising from propagation through atmospheric turbulence, on the sift and error probabilities of a quantum key distribution (QKD) system that uses the weak-laser-pulse version of the Bennett-Brassard 1984 (BB84) protocol is evaluated. Two earth-space scenarios are examined: satellite-to-ground and ground-to-satellite transmission. Both lie in the far-field power-transfer regime. This work complements previous analysis of turbulence effects in near-field terrestrial BB84 QKD [J. H. Shapiro, Phys. Rev. A 67, 022309 (2003)]. More importantly, it shows that scintillation has virtually no impact on the sift and error probabilities in earth-space BB84 QKD, something that has been implicitly assumed in prior analyses for that application. This result contrasts rather sharply with what is known for high-speed laser communications over such paths, in which deep, long-lived scintillation fades present a major challenge to high-reliability operation.

Shapiro, Jeffrey H. [Research Laboratory of Electronics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

471

Hydrogen storage for vehicular applications: Technology status and key development areas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The state-of-the-art of hydrogen storage technology is reviewed, including gaseous, liquid, hydride, surface adsorbed media, glass microsphere, chemical reaction, and liquid chemical technologies. The review of each technology includes a discussion of advantages, disadvantages, likelihood of success, and key research and development activities. A preferred technological path for the development of effective near-term hydrogen storage includes both cur-rent DOT qualified and advanced compressed storage for down-sized highly efficient but moderate range vehicles, and liquid storage for fleet vehicle applications. Adsorbate media are also suitable for fleet applications but not for intermittent uses. Volume-optimized transition metal hydride beds are also viable for short range applications. Long-term development of coated nanoparticulate or metal matrix high conductivity magnesium alloy, is recommended. In addition, a room temperature adsorbate medium should be developed to avoid cryogenic storage requirements. Chemical storage and oxidative schemes present serious obstacles which must be addressed for these technologies to have a future role.

Robinson, S.L.; Handrock, J.L.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Multiple-Photon Absorption Attack on Entanglement-Based Quantum Key Distribution Protocols  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In elaborating on the multiple-photon absorption attack on Ekert protocol proposed in arXiv:1011.4740, we show that it can be used in other entanglement-based protocols, in particular the BBM92 protocol. In this attack, the eavesdropper (Eve) is assumed to be in control of the source, and she sends pulses correlated in polarization (but not entangled) containing several photons at frequencies for which only multiple-photon absorptions are possible in Alice's and Bob's detectors. Whenever the photons stemming from one pulse are dispatched in such a way that the number of photons is insufficient to trigger a multiple-photon absorption in either channel, the pulse remains undetected. We show that this simple feature is enough to reproduce the type of statistics on the detected pulses that are considered as indicating a secure quantum key distribution, even though the source is actually a mixture of separable states. The violation of Bell inequalities measured by Alice and Bob increases with the order of the multiple-photon absorption that Eve can drive into their detectors, while the measured quantum bit error rate decreases as a function of the same variable. We show that the attack can be successful even in the simplest case of a two-photon absorption or three-photon absorption attack, and we discuss possible countermeasures, in particular the use of a fair sampling test.

Guillaume Adenier; Irina Basieva; Andrei Yu. Khrennikov; Masanori Ohya; Noboru Watanabe

2011-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

473

NIST ITL Participation in Voluntary Standards Developing Organizations (Key: Highlighted activities represent areas, which are international in scope; US TAG = US Technical Advisory Group)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NIST ITL Participation in Voluntary Standards Developing Organizations (Key: Highlighted activities ITL Participation in Voluntary Standards Developing Organizations (Key: Highlighted activities-Use Applications and Loads D. Su 772 #12;NIST ITL Participation in Voluntary Standards Developing Organizations

474

Attacking a practical quantum-key-distribution system with wavelength-dependent beam-splitter and multiwavelength sources  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is well known that the unconditional security of quantum-key distribution (QKD) can be guaranteed by quantum mechanics. However, practical QKD systems have some imperfections, which can be controlled by the eavesdropper to attack the secret key. With current experimental technology, a realistic beam splitter, made by fused biconical technology, has a wavelength-dependent property. Based on this fatal security loophole, we propose a wavelength-dependent attacking protocol, which can be applied to all practical QKD systems with passive state modulation. Moreover, we experimentally attack a practical polarization encoding QKD system to obtain all the secret key information at the cost of only increasing the quantum bit error rate from 1.3 to 1.4%.

Li, Hong-Wei [Key Laboratory of Quantum Information,University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, 230026 (China); Zhengzhou Information Science and Technology Institute, Zhengzhou, 450004 (China); Wang, Shuang; Huang, Jing-Zheng; Chen, Wei; Yin, Zhen-Qiang; Li, Fang-Yi; Zhou, Zheng; Liu, Dong; Zhang, Yang; Guo, Guang-Can; Han, Zheng-Fu [Key Laboratory of Quantum Information,University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, 230026 (China); Bao, Wan-Su [Zhengzhou Information Science and Technology Institute, Zhengzhou, 450004 (China)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

475

Proof-of-principle experiment of a modified photon-number-splitting attack against quantum key distribution  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Any imperfections in a practical quantum key distribution (QKD) system may be exploited by an eavesdropper to collect information about the key without being discovered. We propose a modified photon-number-splitting attack scheme against QKD systems based on weak laser pulses taking advantage of possible multiphoton pulses. Proof-of-principle experiments are demonstrated. The results show that the eavesdropper can get information about the key generated between the legitimate parties without being detected. Since the equivalent attenuation introduced by the eavesdropper for pulses of different average photon numbers are different, the decoy-state method is effective in fighting against this kind of attack. This has also been proven in our experiments.

Liu Weitao; Sun Shihai; Liang Linmei; Yuan Jianmin [Department of Physics, College of Science, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha, 410073 (China)

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

476

Unveiling Microbial Carbon Cycling Processes in Key U.S. Soils using Omics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Soils process and store large amounts of C; however, considerable uncertainty still exists about the details of that influence microbial partitioning of C into soil C pools, and what are the main influential forces that control the fraction of the C input that is stabilized. The soil microbial community is genotypically and phenotypically diverse. Despite our ability to predict the kinds of regional environmental changes that will accompany global climate change, it is not clear how the microbial community will respond to climate-induced modification of precipitation and inter-precipitation intervals, and if this response will affect the fate of C deposited into soil by the local plant community. Part of this uncertainty lies with our ignorance of how the microbial community adapts genotypically and physiologically to changes in soil moisture brought about by shifts in precipitation. Our overarching goal is to harness the power of multiple meta-omics tools to gain greater understanding of the functioning of whole-soil microbial communities and their role in C cycling. We will do this by meeting the following three objectives: 1. Further develop and optimize a combination of meta-omics approaches to study how environmental factors affect microbially-mediated C cycling processes. 2. Determine the impacts of long-term changes in precipitation timing on microbial C cycling using an existing long-term field manipulation of a tallgrass prairie soil. 3. Conduct laboratory experiments that vary moisture and C inputs to confirm field observations of the linkages between microbial communities and C cycling processes. We took advantage of our state-of-the-art expertise in community omics to better understand the functioning soil C cycling within the Great Prairie ecosystem, including our ongoing Konza Prairie soil metagenome flagship project at JGI and the unique rainfall manipulation plots (RaMPs) established at this site more than a decade ago. We employed a systems biology approach, considering the complex soil microbial community as a functioning system and using state-of-the-art metatranscriptomic, metaproteomic, and metabolomic approaches. These omics tools were refined, applied to field experiments, and confirmed with controlled laboratory studies. Our experiments were designed to specifically identify microbial community members and processes that are instrumental players in processing of C in the prairie soils and how these processes are impacted by wetting and drying events. This project addresses a key ecosystem in the United States that current climate models predict will be subjected to dramatic changes in rainfall patterns as a result of global warming. Currently Mollisols, such as those of the tallgrass prairie, are thought to sequester more C than is released into the atmosphere, but it is not known what changes in rainfall patterns will have on future C fluxes. Through an analysis of the molecular response of the soil microbial community to shifts in precipitation cycles that are accompanied by phenologically driven changes in quality of plant C rhizodeposits, we gained deeper insight into how the metabolism of microbes has adapted to different precipitation regimes and the impact of this adaption on the fate of C deposited into soil. In doing so, we addressed key questions about the microbial cycling of C in soils that have been identified by the DOE.

Myrold, David D. [Oregon State University; Bottomely, Peter J. [Oregon State University; Jumpponen, Ari [Kansas State University; Rice, Charles W. [Kansas State University; Zeglin, Lydia H. [Kansas State University; David, Maude M. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Jansson, Janet K. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Prestat, Emmanuel [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Hettich, Robert L. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory

2014-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

477

Similarities and Differences between Coronal Holes and the Quiet Sun: Are Loop Statistics the Key?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Coronal holes (CH) emit significantly less at coronal temperatures than quiet-Sun regions (QS), but can hardly be distinguished in most chromospheric and lower transition region lines. A key quantity for the understanding of this phenomenon is the magnetic field. We use data from SOHO/MDI to reconstruct the magnetic field in coronal holes and the quiet Sun with the help of a potential magnetic model. Starting from a regular grid on the solar surface we then trace field lines, which provide the overall geometry of the 3D magnetic field structure. We distinguish between open and closed field lines, with the closed field lines being assumed to represent magnetic loops. We then try to compute some properties of coronal loops. The loops in the coronal holes (CH) are found to be on average flatter than in the QS. High and long closed loops are extremely rare, whereas short and low-lying loops are almost as abundant in coronal holes as in the quiet Sun. When interpreted in the light of loop scaling laws this result suggests an explanation for the relatively strong chromospheric and transition region emission (many low-lying, short loops), but the weak coronal emission (few high and long loops) in coronal holes. In spite of this contrast our calculations also suggest that a significant fraction of the cool emission in CHs comes from the open flux regions. Despite these insights provided by the magnetic field line statistics further work is needed to obtain a definite answer to the question if loop statistics explain the differences between coronal holes and the quiet Sun.

T. Wiegelmann; S. K. Solanki

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

REL ATRIO DE DESENVOLVIMENTO HUMANO 2007/2008 1 "O progresso humano no automtico nem inevitvel. Somos actualmente con ontados  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pobres do mundo, milhões de pessoas são já obrigadas a lidar com os impactos das alterações climáticas. Esses impactos não captam uma atenção de destaque nos meios de comunicação mundiais en- quanto eventos número de situações de seca, de tempestades mais violentas, de cheias, e de stress ambiental está

479

Nano-Electro-Mechanical (NEM) Relay Devices and Technology for Ultra-Low Energy Digital Integrated Circuits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

substrate, a layer of phosphosilicate glass is deposited atand drive-in anneal. Phosphosilicate glass (PSG) is then

Nathanael, Rhesa

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Nano-Electro-Mechanical (NEM) Relay Devices and Technology for Ultra-Low Energy Digital Integrated Circuits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

II, Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, vol. 12, no.Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, vol. 6, no. 2,Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, vol. 16, no. 1,

Nathanael, Rhesa

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nems key macroeconomic" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Energy use and carbon dioxide emissions in energy-intensive industries in key developing countries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The industrial sector is the most important end-use sector in developing countries in terms of energy use and was responsible for 50% of primary energy use and 53% of associated carbon dioxide emissions in 1995 (Price et al., 1999). The industrial sector is extremely diverse, encompassing the extraction of natural resources, conversion of these resources into raw materials, and manufacture of finished products. Five energy-intensive industrial subsectors account for the bulk of industrial energy use and related carbon dioxide emissions: iron and steel, chemicals, petroleum refining, pulp and paper, and cement. In this paper, we focus on the steel and cement sectors in Brazil, China, India, and Mexico.1 We review historical trends, noting that China became the world's largest producer of cement in 1985 and of steel in 1996. We discuss trends that influence energy consumption, such as the amount of additives in cement (illustrated through the clinker/cement ratio), the share of electric arc furnaces, and the level of adoption of continuous casting. To gauge the potential for improvement in production of steel and cement in these countries, we calculate a ''best practice'' intensity based on use of international best practice technology to produce the mix of products manufactured in each country in 1995. We show that Brazil has the lowest potential for improvement in both sectors. In contrast, there is significant potential for improvement in Mexico, India, and especially China, where adoption of best practice technologies could reduce energy use and carbon dioxide emissions from steel production by 50% and cement production by 37%. We conclude by comparing the identified potential for energy efficiency improvement and carbon dioxide emissions reduction in these key developing countries to that of the U.S. This comparison raises interesting questions related to efforts to improve energy efficiency in developing countries, such as: what is the appropriate role of industrialized countries in promoting the adoption of low carbon technologies, how do international steel and cement companies influence the situation, and how can such information be used in the context of Clean Development Mechanism in the Kyoto Protocol?

Price, Lynn; Worrell, Ernst; Phylipsen, Dian

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Evaporation a key mechanism for the thaumasite form of sulfate attack  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Understanding the mechanisms leading to chemical attack on concrete is crucial in order to prevent damage of concrete structures. To date, most studies on sulfate attack and thaumasite formation are based on empirical approaches, as the identification of associated reaction mechanisms and paths is known to be highly complex. In this study, sulfate damaged concrete from Austrian tunnels was investigated by mineralogical, chemical and isotope methods to identify the reactions which caused intense concrete alteration. Major, minor and trace elemental contents as well as isotope ratios of local ground water (GW), drainage water (DW) and interstitial solutions (IS), extracted from damaged concrete material, were analyzed. Locally occurring GW contained 3 to 545 mg L{sup ?1} of SO{sub 4} and is thus regarded as slightly aggressive to concrete in accordance to standard specifications (e.g. DIN EN 206-1). The concrete linings and drainage systems of the studied tunnels, however, have partly suffered from intensive sulfate attack. Heavily damaged concrete consisted mainly of thaumasite, secondary calcite, gypsum, and relicts of aggregates. Surprisingly, the concentrations of dissolved ions were extremely enriched in the IS with up to 30,000 and 12,000 mg L{sup ?1} of SO{sub 4} and Cl, respectively. Analyses of aqueous ions with a highly conservative behavior, e.g. K, Rb and Li, as well as {sup 2}H/H and {sup 18}O/{sup 16}O isotope ratios of H{sub 2}O of the IS showed an intensive accumulation of ions and discrimination of the light isotopes vs. the GW. These isotope signals of the IS clearly revealed evaporation at distinct relative humidities. From ion accumulation and isotope fractionation individual total and current evaporation degrees were estimated. Our combined elemental and isotopic approach verified wettingdrying cycles within a highly dynamic concrete-solution-atmosphere system. Based on these boundary conditions, key factors controlling thaumasite formation are discussed regarding the development of more sulfate-resistant concrete and concrete structures.

Mittermayr, Florian, E-mail: f.mittermayr@tugraz.at [Graz University of Technology, Institute of Applied Geosciences, Rechbauerstrae 12, 8010 GRAZ (Austria)] [Graz University of Technology, Institute of Applied Geosciences, Rechbauerstrae 12, 8010 GRAZ (Austria); Baldermann, Andre [Graz University of Technology, Institute of Applied Geosciences, Rechbauerstrae 12, 8010 GRAZ (Austria)] [Graz University of Technology, Institute of Applied Geosciences, Rechbauerstrae 12, 8010 GRAZ (Austria); Kurta, Christoph [University of Graz, Institute of Chemistry Analytical Chemistry, Stremayrgasse 16/III, 8010 GRAZ (Austria)] [University of Graz, Institute of Chemistry Analytical Chemistry, Stremayrgasse 16/III, 8010 GRAZ (Austria); Rinder, Thomas [Graz University of Technology, Institute of Applied Geosciences, Rechbauerstrae 12, 8010 GRAZ (Austria) [Graz University of Technology, Institute of Applied Geosciences, Rechbauerstrae 12, 8010 GRAZ (Austria); Observatoire Midi-Pyrnes, Laboratoire Gosciences Environnement Toulouse, 14, avenue Edouard Belin, 31400 TOULOUSE (France); Klammer, Dietmar [Graz University of Technology, Institute of Applied Geosciences, Rechbauerstrae 12, 8010 GRAZ (Austria)] [Graz University of Technology, Institute of Applied Geosciences, Rechbauerstrae 12, 8010 GRAZ (Austria); Leis, Albrecht [Joanneum Research, Resources Institute for Water, Energy and Sustainability, Elisabethstrae 18/2, 8010 GRAZ (Austria)] [Joanneum Research, Resources Institute for Water, Energy and Sustainability, Elisabethstrae 18/2, 8010 GRAZ (Austria); Tritthart, Josef [Graz University of Technology, Institute of Technology and Testing of Building Materials, Inffeldgasse 24, 8010 GRAZ (Austria)] [Graz University of Technology, Institute of Technology and Testing of Building Materials, Inffeldgasse 24, 8010 GRAZ (Austria); Dietzel, Martin [Graz University of Technology, Institute of Applied Geosciences, Rechbauerstrae 12, 8010 GRAZ (Austria)] [Graz University of Technology, Institute of Applied Geosciences, Rechbauerstrae 12, 8010 GRAZ (Austria)

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

483

Key words. Emissions markets, Cap-and-trade schemes, Equilibrium models, Environmental MARKET DESIGN FOR EMISSION TRADING SCHEMES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Key words. Emissions markets, Cap-and-trade schemes, Equilibrium models, Environmental Finance. MARKET DESIGN FOR EMISSION TRADING SCHEMES REN´E CARMONA , MAX FEHR , JURI HINZ , AND ARNAUD PORCHET to help policy makers and regulators understand the pros and the cons of the emissions markets. We propose

Carmona, Rene

484

The licensing of patents in return for a fee or royalties has a key role in drug discovery.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The licensing of patents in return for a fee or royalties has a key role in drug discovery. Now the licensee brings out a new product, it may be unclear whether they need to pay royalty fees to the patentee patents in exchange for royalty payments; however, they disputed whether the licence of two patents

Cai, Long

485

Vacancy -Soil Science Climate change is a key challenge for both, science and society. The Cluster of Excellence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Vacancy - Soil Science Climate change is a key challenge for both, science and society/in) with a strong background in Soil Science or terrestrial Biogeochemistry The successful applicant will study/she will conduct laboratory analysis, field research on permafrost soils and GIS analysis in thermokarst landscapes

Hamburg,.Universitt

486

For realizing a robot working in human society, interaction with humans is the key issue. We have  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on a robot arm [3]. They used a semantic differential method (SD) to provide humanlike motions for the armAbstract For realizing a robot working in human society, interaction with humans is the key issue. We have developed a robot that interacts with humans based on visual recognition. This robot has two

Kanda, Takayuki

487

NL2603 Free energy The concept of "free energy" is a key concept to characterize physically rel-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NL2603 Free energy The concept of "free energy" is a key concept to characterize physically rel of statistical mechanics with energy levels E i of the microstates i, the (Helmholtz) free energy is de#12;ned and #12; is the inverse temperature. Apparently, the free energy is di#11;erent from the internal energy U

Beck, Christian

488

Unifying Domain Ontology with Agent-Oriented Modeling of Services Key Lab. of High Confidence Software Tech.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of modeling. The architecture combines agent-oriented models of software systems in which service providers of service-oriented architectures is the dynamic service composition through discovering and invokingUnifying Domain Ontology with Agent-Oriented Modeling of Services Zhi Jin Key Lab. of High

Zhu, Hong

489

Key Aspects Blended Library draw strength by building on users'pre-existing knowledge of the everyday, non-digital  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Key Aspects » Blended Library draw strength by building on users'pre-existing knowledge University of Konstanz http://hci.uni-konstanz.de/blendedlibrary Contact: Roman Rädle Tel. +49 7531 88-2868 Fax +49 7531 88-4772 roman.raedle@uni-konstanz.de Caused by the proceeding digitalization, real

Reiterer, Harald

490

Key note speaker 28/9: Shenggen Fan was appointed director general of the International Food Policy Research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are most effective in reducing poverty and generating agricultural growth. Before joining IFPRI, he held), and the Honor Society of Phi Kappa Phi. http://www.agra-alliance.org/ #12;Key note speaker 29/9: Bruce Campbell, Program Director, Coordinating Unit http://ccafs.cgiar.org/ Dr. Bruce Campbell has degrees in Ecology from

491

The many-body problem A solution: DFT HK theorems KS scheme Summary Key concepts in Density Functional Theory (I)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

's University, Belfast Key concepts in Density Functional Theory (I) Silvana Botti #12;The many-body problem concepts in Density Functional Theory (I) Silvana Botti #12;The many-body problem A solution: DFT HK theorems KS scheme Summary Outline 1 The many-body problem 2 A solution: Density Functional Theory 3

Botti, Silvana

492

Shor-Preskill Type Security-Proofs for Concatenated Bennett-Brassard 1984 Quantum Key Distribution Protocol  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss long code problems in the Bennett-Brassard 1984 (BB84) quantum key distribution protocol and describe how they can be overcome by concatenation of the protocol. Observing that concatenated modified Lo-Chau protocol finally reduces to the concatenated BB84 protocol, we give the unconditional security of the concatenated BB84 protocol.

W. -Y. Hwang; K. Matsumoto; H. Imai; J. Kim; H. -W. Lee

2002-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

493

Florida Keys "Got Your Bags?" Program Campaign Overview: When is the perfect time to adopt best business practices for the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

business can be trained in green office standards, energy efficiency, recycling, and more. If you the knowledge about plastic bags and their negative impacts on the environment with the "Got Your Bags" campaign to support the reduction and voluntary elimination of single-use plastic bags in the Florida Keys and reduce

Florida, University of

494

Abstract --Demand Response (DR) programs are not a new concept; moreover, the key technologies for their implementation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Abstract -- Demand Response (DR) programs are not a new concept; moreover, the key technologies migrate to active and dynamic demand response, under reliability criteria based on the smart grid paradigm. This article formulates a new perspective of demand response in emerging countries, based on the US

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

495

Oxygen is a key element for biology and the cycling of geochemical elements, and has shaped the chemical  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oxygen is a key element for biology and the cycling of geochemical elements, and has shaped the chemical and biological evolution of Earth. The oceans appear to be loosing oxygen due to on-going climate change, with resulting impacts on marine ecosystems and global biogeochemical cycles. As oxygen levels

Handy, Todd C.

496

Certificating Vehicle Public Key with Vehicle Attributes A (periodical) Licensing Routine, Against Man-in-the-Middle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Certificating Vehicle Public Key with Vehicle Attributes A (periodical) Licensing Routine, Against actions among vehicles in traffic by the use of wireless transceivers. Unfortunately, the wireless communication among vehicles is vulnerable to security threats that may lead to very serious safety hazards

497

Retired four-star General Ronald Keys will discuss the urgent economic and national security risks associated with the nation's  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: A National Security Imperative to Reduce U.S. Oil Dependence. CNA is a non-profit research organi- zationRetired four-star General Ronald Keys will discuss the urgent economic and national security risks critical to our national security. The CNA MAB has produced reports on America's energy posture that have

Ginzel, Matthew

498

What is the National Forest Inventory? The National Forest Inventory is a record of key information about forests  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

What is the National Forest Inventory? The National Forest Inventory is a record of key information is the information gathered? Data for the National Forest Inventory is being collected using ground surveys, aerial representative picture of the state of Britain's forests and woodland. National Forest Inventory #12;Has

499

13th Winter Workshop on Nuclear Dynamics W.J. Llope Marathon Key, Florida, February 18, 1997 Rice University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

test . Completed Spring, 1999 Nuclear matter under extreme conditions... Search for, and studies of, February 1­8, 1997 Rice University TPC . 24+2 outer, and 24+2 inner, sectors built & tested . gas vessel13th Winter Workshop on Nuclear Dynamics W.J. Llope Marathon Key, Florida, February 1­8, 1997 Rice

Llope, William J.

500

Keys, Nominals, and Concrete Domains Carsten Lutz 1 Carlos Areces 2 Ian Horrocks 3 Ulrike Sattler 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Keys, Nominals, and Concrete Domains Carsten Lutz 1 Carlos Areces 2 Ian Horrocks 3 Ulrike Sattler 1 on an abstract, logical level with an interface to ``concrete'' domains such as numbers and strings. We propose combine powerful logical languages with an interface to concrete do­ mains (e.g., integers, reals, strings

Lutz, Carsten