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1

National Energy Modeling System (NEMS)  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

The National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) is a computer-based, energy-economy modeling system of U.S. through 2030. NEMS projects the production, imports, conversion, consumption, and prices of energy, subject to assumptions on macroeconomic and financial factors, world energy markets, resource availability and costs, behavioral and technological choice criteria, cost and performance characteristics of energy technologies, and demographics. NEMS was designed and implemented by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). NEMS can be used to analyze the effects of existing and proposed government laws and regulations related to energy production and use; the potential impact of new and advanced energy production, conversion, and consumption technologies; the impact and cost of greenhouse gas control; the impact of increased use of renewable energy sources; and the potential savings from increased efficiency of energy use; and the impact of regulations on the use of alternative or reformulated fuels. NEMS has also been used for a number of special analyses at the request of the Administration, U.S. Congress, other offices of DOE and other government agencies, who specify the scenarios and assumptions for the analysis. Modules allow analyses to be conducted in energy topic areas such as residential demand, industrial demand, electricity market, oil and gas supply, renewable fuels, etc.

2

Net Energy Metering (NEM)  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGY TAXBalanced Scorecard Federal2Energy Second QuarterRate principles must Include

3

How to obtain the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) NEMS is used by the modelers at the U. S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) who understand its structure and programming. NEMS has only been used by a few organizations outside of the EIA, because most people that requested NEMS found out that it was too difficult or rigid to use. NEMS is not typically used for state-level analysis and is poorly suited for application to other countries. However, many do obtain the model simply to use the data in its input files or to examine the source code.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

A sensitivity analysis of the treatment of wind energy in the AEO99 version of NEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Documentation Report: Wind Energy Submodule (WES). DOE/EIA-The Economic Value of Wind Energy at High Power SystemOF THE TREATMENT OF WIND ENERGY IN THE AEO99 VERSION OF NEMS

Osborn, Julie G.; Wood, Frances; Richey, Cooper; Sanders, Sandy; Short, Walter; Koomey, Jonathan

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Comparison of Bottom-Up and Top-Down Forecasts: Vision Industry Energy Forecasts with ITEMS and NEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comparisons are made of energy forecasts using results from the Industrial module of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) and an industrial economic-engineering model called the Industrial Technology and Energy Modeling System (ITEMS), a model...

Roop, J. M.; Dahowski, R. T

6

NEMS Freight Transportation Module Improvement Study - Energy Information  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Opticalhttp://www.fnal.gov/directorate/nalcal/nalcal02_07_05_files/nalcal.gif Directorate - EventsNEET Benefits

7

Overview of NEMS-H2, Version 1.0 | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L d F SSales LLCDieselEnergy Joining ActivitiesNEMS-H2, Version 1.0

8

NEMS industrial module documentation report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The NEMS Industrial Demand Model is a dynamic accounting model, bringing together the disparate industries and uses of energy in those industries, and putting them together in an understandable and cohesive framework. The Industrial Model generates mid-term (up to the year 2010) forecasts of industrial sector energy demand as a component of the NEMS integrated forecasting system. From the NEMS system, the Industrial Model receives fuel prices, employment data, and the value of output of industrial activity. Based on the values of these variables, the Industrial Model passes back to the NEMS system estimates of consumption by fuel types.

Not Available

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Nano-Electro-Mechanical (NEM) Relay Devices and Technology for Ultra-Low Energy Digital Integrated Circuits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Technology 3.1 Introduction Nano-electro-mechanical (NEM)improvements, a scaled nano-relay technology with optimizedNano-Electro-Mechanical (NEM) Relay Devices and Technology

Nathanael, Rhesa

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

3, 27892812, 2006 Energy balance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HESSD 3, 2789颅2812, 2006 Energy balance closure F. Bagayoko et al. Title Page Abstract Introduction-access review for the journal Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Energy balance closure and footprint analysis (n.c.vandegiesen@citg.tudelft.nl) 2789 #12;HESSD 3, 2789颅2812, 2006 Energy balance closure F

Boyer, Edmond

11

Balance Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 EastMaine: EnergyAustin EnergyBacliff, Texas: EnergyBalance Energy Jump to:

12

Energy balance in peridynamics.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The peridynamic model of solid mechanics treats internal forces within a continuum through interactions across finite distances. These forces are determined through a constitutive model that, in the case of an elastic material, permits the strain energy density at a point to depend on the collective deformation of all the material within some finite distance of it. The forces between points are evaluated from the Frechet derivative of this strain energy density with respect to the deformation map. The resulting equation of motion is an integro-differential equation written in terms of these interparticle forces, rather than the traditional stress tensor field. Recent work on peridynamics has elucidated the energy balance in the presence of these long-range forces. We have derived the appropriate analogue of stress power, called absorbed power, that leads to a satisfactory definition of internal energy. This internal energy is additive, allowing us to meaningfully define an internal energy density field in the body. An expression for the local first law of thermodynamics within peridynamics combines this mechanical component, the absorbed power, with heat transport. The global statement of the energy balance over a subregion can be expressed in a form in which the mechanical and thermal terms contain only interactions between the interior of the subregion and the exterior, in a form anticipated by Noll in 1955. The local form of this first law within peridynamics, coupled with the second law as expressed in the Clausius-Duhem inequality, is amenable to the Coleman-Noll procedure for deriving restrictions on the constitutive model for thermomechanical response. Using an idea suggested by Fried in the context of systems of discrete particles, this procedure leads to a dissipation inequality for peridynamics that has a surprising form. It also leads to a thermodynamically consistent way to treat damage within the theory, shedding light on how damage, including the nucleation and advance of cracks, should be incorporated into a constitutive model.

Lehoucq, Richard B.; Silling, Stewart Andrew

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Learning and cost reductions for generating technologies in the national energy modeling system (NEMS)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2001. Report#:DOE/ENDOGENOUS LEARNING IN THE ANNUAL ENERGY OUTLOOK REFERENCEDepartment of Energy抯 Annual Energy Outlook (AEO), which is

Gumerman, Etan; Marnay, Chris

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

A sensitivity analysis of the treatment of wind energy in the AEO99 version of NEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Administration. 1998. Annual Energy Outlook 1999: WithDepartment of Energy抯 Annual Energy Outlook (AEO) forecastDepartment of Energy抯 Annual Energy Outlook 1999 (AEO99)

Osborn, Julie G.; Wood, Frances; Richey, Cooper; Sanders, Sandy; Short, Walter; Koomey, Jonathan

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

A sensitivity analysis of the treatment of wind energy in the AEO99 version of NEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Documentation Report: Wind Energy Submodule (WES). DOE/EIA-The Economic Value of Wind Energy at High Power Systemthe characterization of wind energy in the model as used for

Osborn, Julie G.; Wood, Frances; Richey, Cooper; Sanders, Sandy; Short, Walter; Koomey, Jonathan

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

National Energy Modeling System with Hydrogen Model (NEMS-H2)  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in3.pdfEnergy HealthCommentsAugust 2012NEVADA SPARKSNV EnergyDepartment ofRFI

17

A SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS OF THE TREATMENT OF WIND ENERGY IN THE AEO99 VERSION OF NEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Laboratory University of California Berkeley, CA 94720 and National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole limitations on growth in capacity; these limitations include depletion of resources, costs of rapid of the other renewable technologies, such as solar thermal and photovoltaics (PV), our findings may

18

The energy balancing parameter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A parameter method is introduced in order to estimate the relationship among the various variables of a system in equilibrium, where the potential energy functions are incompletely known or the quantum mechanical calculations very difficult. No formal proof of the method is given; instead, a sufficient number of valuable examples are shown to make the case for the method's usefulness in classical and quantum systems. The mathematical methods required are quite elementary: basic algebra and minimization of power functions. This method blends advantageously with a simple but powerful approximate method for quantum mechanics, sidestepping entirely formal operators and differential equations. It is applied to the derivation of various well-known results involving centrally symmetric potentials for a quantum particle such as the hydrogen-like atom, the elastic potential and other cases of interest. The same formulas provide estimates for previously unsolved cases. PACS: 03.65.-w 30.00.00

Walton R. Gutierrez

2011-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

19

Assessment and Suggestions to Improve the Commercial Building Module of EIA-NEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) is a comprehensive, computer-based, energy-economy modeling system developed and maintained by the Department of Energy's Energy Information Administration (EIA). NEMS forecasts the national production...

O'Neal, D. L.; Reddy, T. A.; Sucher, B.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

The Science of Global Warming Energy Balance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Science of Global Warming 路Energy Balance 路Feedback Loops Global Warming can be understood complexities 路Introduce a Simple Model of Energy Balance 路Understand the Vocabulary 路Point out some units of energy input from the Sun = Temperature: 5.3 oC Greenhouse Effect 101: A Balance is Achieved

Blais, Brian

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nems balances energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Energy Balanced Chain in Distributed Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Balanced Chain in Distributed Sensor Networks Ivan Howitt Electrical & Computer Engineering because of their higher traffic. This paper suggests an energy balanced chain (EBC) which can efficiently the energy balance optimization problem in terms of the segmentation space. By adjusting the transmission

Howitt, Ivan

22

Multiscale modeling of spatially variable water and energy balance processes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MULTISCALE WATER AND ENERGY BALANCE MODELING Wood, E. F. ,spatially variable water and energy balance processes J. S.modeling. Water and energy balance models are developed at

Famiglietti, J. S; Wood, E. F

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Urban Microclimate, a Study of Energy Balance and Fluid Dynamics /  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The International Urban Energy Balance Models ComparisonT. Williamson, Urban surface energy balance models: modelof the international urban energy balance model comparison,

Yaghoobian, Neda

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

6, 33813402, 2006 The energy balance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of diverse measuring methods, the energy storage in the canopy and the soil was often discussed as a reasonACPD 6, 3381颅3402, 2006 The energy balance closure problem T. Foken et al. Title Page Abstract Discussions Some aspects of the energy balance closure problem T. Foken, F. Wimmer, M. Mauder, C. Thomas

Boyer, Edmond

25

Development of Energy Balances for the State of California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Agency, 2003a. Energy Balances of OECD Countries.Energy Agency, 2003b. Energy Balances of Non-OECD Countries.for constructing the energy balance flow chart (Figure 1).

Murtishaw, Scott; Price, Lynn; de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Masanet, Eric; Worrell, Ernst; Sahtaye, Jayant

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Surface Energy Balance System (SEBS) Handbook  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A Surface Energy Balance System (SEBS) has been installed collocated with each deployed ECOR system at the Southern Great Plains (SGP), North Slope of Alaska (NSA), Tropical Western Pacific (TWP), ARM Mobile Facility 1 (AMF1), and ARM Mobile Facility 2 (AMF2). The surface energy balance system consists of upwelling and downwelling solar and infrared radiometers within one net radiometer, a wetness sensor, and soil measurements. The SEBS measurements allow the comparison of ECOR sensible and latent heat fluxes with the energy balance determined from the SEBS and provide information on wetting of the sensors for data quality purposes.

Cook, DR

2011-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

27

California Energy Balance ENVIRONMENTAL AREA RESEARCH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

California Energy Balance Database ENVIRONMENTAL AREA RESEARCH PIER Environmental Research www.energy.ca.gov/research/ environmental January 2012 The Issue Comprehensive and reliable energy statistics are essential for good policy analysis and for future projections of energy supply and demand. In 2005, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab

28

Surface Energy Balance of the Taylor Glacier, Antarctica  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

G. L. Dana. Surface energy balance and meltwater productionice sheet: a comparison of energy-balance and a degree-dayvariations in the surface energy balance of haut glacier d

Bliss, Andrew

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Microsoft Word - Energy balancing rate settlement signals commitment...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

defines charges for balancing services, or generation inputs, that maintain a constant balance of the energy produced and energy consumed. "BPA and the parties involved in this...

30

Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

words, the sustainable energy balance serves as a goal forthe sustainable energy balance would mean a renewable energythe goal of a sustainable energy balance. Figure 2 shows how

Harris, Jeff

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive EfficiencyTowards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiencyachieve a sustainable energy balance. Along the way, we may

Harris, Jeffrey; Diamond, Rick; Iyer, Maithili; Payne, Christopher; Blumstein, Carl; Siderius, Hans-Paul

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WP 171 Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: ProgressiveTowards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiencyin order to achieve a sustainable energy balance. Along the

Harris, Jeffrey; Diamond, Rick; Iyer, Maithili; Payne, Christopher; Blumstein, Carl; Siderius, Hans-Paul

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiencyin order to achieve a sustainable energy balance. Along theconsumer desires. 1.2 Sustainable Energy Balance as the Goal

Harris, Jeff

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Bioenergy technology balancing energy output with environmental  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

E2.3 Bioenergy technology 颅 balancing energy output with environmental benefitsbenefits John standards #12;Is it right to grow bioenergy? Or How much bioenergy production is right? #12;Historical bioenergy Farmers historically used 25% land for horse feed #12;Energy crops are `solar panels' Solar energy

Levi, Ran

35

Lithium Balance | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision hasInformation Earth's Heat JumpInc Place:KeystoneSolarList ofPassiveMachineBalance Jump to:

36

E-Print Network 3.0 - atmospheric energy balance Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Warming Energy Balance Summary: ? Atmosphere Warmer surface (Energy Balance) Greenhouse Effect 101: Energy Balance 12;What can affect... this balance? Atmosphere Warmer...

37

Energy Balance Bowen Ratio System  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing Zirconia Nanoparticles asSecond stage ofDefects on .HeatAdvancedEnergyAudits0

38

ARM - Measurement - Surface energy balance  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc Documentation RUC : XDCResearch Relatedcontentcharacteristics ARM Data Discoveryalbedo ARMenergy

39

Price Responsiveness in the AEO2003 NEMS Residential and Commercial Buildings Sector Models  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This paper describes the demand responses to changes in energy prices in the Annual Energy Outlook 2003 versions of the Residential and Commercial Demand Modules of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). It updates a similar paper completed for the Annual Energy Outlook 1999 version of the NEMS.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Nuclear Dynamics at the Balance Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the mass dependence of various quantities (like the average and maximum density, collision rate, participant-spectator matter, temperature as well as time zones for higher density) by simulating the reactions at the energy of vanishing flow. This study is carried out within the framework of Quantum Molecular Dynamics model. Our findings clearly indicate an existence of a power law in all the above quantities calculated at the balance energy. The only significant mass dependence was obtained for the temperature reached in the central sphere. All other quantities are rather either insensitive or depend weakly on the system size at balance energy. The time zone for higher density as well as the time of maximal density and collision rate follow a power law inverse to the energy of vanishing flow.

Aman D. Sood; Rajeev K. Puri

2003-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nems balances energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Spatial Energy Balancing in Large-scale Wireless Multihop Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spatial Energy Balancing in Large-scale Wireless Multihop Networks Seung Jun Baek and Gustavo de is on optimizing trade-offs between the energy cost of spreading traffic and the improved spatial balance of energy. We propose a parameterized family of energy balancing strategies for grids and approximate

de Veciana, Gustavo

42

Energy-momentum balance in quantum dielectrics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We calculate the energy-momentum balance in quantum dielectrics such as Bose-Einstein condensates. In agreement with the experiment [G. K. Campbell et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 170403 (2005)] variations of the Minkowski momentum are imprinted onto the phase, whereas the Abraham tensor drives the flow of the dielectric. Our analysis indicates that the Abraham-Minkowski controversy has its root in the Roentgen interaction of the electromagnetic field in dielectric media.

Ulf Leonhardt

2005-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

43

Annual Uncosted Balances Reports | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy UsageAUDITVehiclesTankless orA BRIEF HISTORYAgencyLocal|Annual Uncosted Balances

44

Material Balance Report | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department of EnergyDevelopment Accident TolerantDepartment ofMaterial Balance Report

45

Energy Efficient Geographical Load Balancing via Dynamic Deferral of Workload  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Efficient Geographical Load Balancing via Dynamic Deferral of Workload Muhammad Abdullah geographical load balancing techniques have been suggested for data centers hosting cloud computation in order to reduce energy cost by exploiting the electricity price differences across regions. However

Gupta, Rajesh

46

Parameter estimation for energy balance models with memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Parameter estimation for energy balance models with memory By Lionel Roques1,*, Micka篓el D parameter estimation for one-dimensional energy balance models with mem- ory (EBMMs) given localized estimate is still possible in certain cases. Keywords: age dating; Bayesian inference; energy balance model

47

Course Title: Material and Energy Balances Instructor: Nader Aderangi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 CHE 202 Fall 2012 Course Title: Material and Energy Balances Instructor: Nader Aderangi Phone:25 AM 颅 12:40 PM Objective: To develop skills of material and energy balances for physical and chemical solution. 3. To provide students the basic concepts to formulate and solve material balances, energy

Heller, Barbara

48

THE 2001 NET ENERGY BALANCE OF CORN-ETHANOL (PRELIMINARY)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 THE 2001 NET ENERGY BALANCE OF CORN-ETHANOL (PRELIMINARY) Hosein Shapouri*, U.S. Department Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, IL. 60439 ABSTRACT This report estimates the net energy balance to produce ethanol and byproducts. The results indicate that corn ethanol has a positive energy balance, even

Patzek, Tadeusz W.

49

TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUTION AND ENERGY BALANCE IN THE ELECTRODE DURING GMAW  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I ll l ). TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUTION AND ENERGY BALANCE IN THE ELECTRODE DURING GMAW Yong-Seog Kim and Energy Balance in the Electrode during GMAW by Yong-Seog Kim and T.W. Eagar Department of Materials shielding gases (argon, helium, and C02) using the PHOENICS computer code. An energy balance analysis

Eagar, Thomas W.

50

12. Energy balance of particles 12.1 General solutions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

12. Energy balance of particles 12.1 General solutions In this chapter we want to study only to consider the heating/cooling balance of the temperature as a parameter of a known energy distribution by the balance of effects that depend on the particle energy. We can write down a continuity equation

Pohl, Martin Karl Wilhelm

51

Multiobjective calibration and sensitivity of a distributed land surface water and energy balance model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

identification and energy balance models on a tallgrassdata for surface energy balance evaluation of a semiaridWatershed. We are energy balance components over a semiarid

Houser, Paul R; Gupta, Hoshin V; Shuttleworth, W. James; Famiglietti, James S

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Surface Energy Balance Measurements Above an Exurban Residential Neighbourhood of Kansas City, Missouri  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

9421-3 ARTICLE Surface Energy Balance Measurements Above anmeasurements of urban energy balances generally have beenuxes Urban surface energy balance 1 Introduction Rapid

Balogun, Ahmed A.; Adegoke, Jimmy O.; Vezhapparambu, Sajith; Mauder, Matthias; McFadden, Joseph P.; Gallo, Kevin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

U.S. Regional Demand Forecasts Using NEMS and GIS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) is a multi-sector, integrated model of the U.S. energy system put out by the Department of Energy's Energy Information Administration. NEMS is used to produce the annual 20-year forecast of U.S. energy use aggregated to the nine-region census division level. The research objective was to disaggregate this regional energy forecast to the county level for select forecast years, for use in a more detailed and accurate regional analysis of energy usage across the U.S. The process of disaggregation using a geographic information system (GIS) was researched and a model was created utilizing available population forecasts and climate zone data. The model's primary purpose was to generate an energy demand forecast with greater spatial resolution than what is currently produced by NEMS, and to produce a flexible model that can be used repeatedly as an add-on to NEMS in which detailed analysis can be executed exogenously with results fed back into the NEMS data flow. The methods developed were then applied to the study data to obtain residential and commercial electricity demand forecasts. The model was subjected to comparative and statistical testing to assess predictive accuracy. Forecasts using this model were robust and accurate in slow-growing, temperate regions such as the Midwest and Mountain regions. Interestingly, however, the model performed with less accuracy in the Pacific and Northwest regions of the country where population growth was more active. In the future more refined methods will be necessary to improve the accuracy of these forecasts. The disaggregation method was written into a flexible tool within the ArcGIS environment which enables the user to output the results in five year intervals over the period 2000-2025. In addition, the outputs of this tool were used to develop a time-series simulation showing the temporal changes in electricity forecasts in terms of absolute, per capita, and density of demand.

Cohen, Jesse A.; Edwards, Jennifer L.; Marnay, Chris

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Energy Balance Bowen Ratio Station (EBBR) Handbook  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The energy balance Bowen ratio (EBBR) system produces 30-minute estimates of the vertical fluxes of sensible and latent heat at the local surface. Flux estimates are calculated from observations of net radiation, soil surface heat flux, and the vertical gradients of temperature and relative humidity (RH). Meteorological data collected by the EBBR are used to calculate bulk aerodynamic fluxes, which are used in the Bulk Aerodynamic Technique (BA) EBBR value-added product (VAP) to replace sunrise and sunset spikes in the flux data. A unique aspect of the system is the automatic exchange mechanism (AEM), which helps to reduce errors from instrument offset drift.

Cook, DR

2011-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

55

DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY PROCUREMENT SYSTEM FY 2002 BALANCED SCORECARD...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

OF ENERGY PROCUREMENT SYSTEM FY 2002 BALANCED SCORECARD : More Documents & Publications PBA2007 Presentation-short-6-19-07DOE&0; module 4 BalancedScorecardPerfAndMeth.pdf...

56

Canopy radiation transmission for an energy balance snowmelt model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

January 2012. [1] To better estimate the radiation energy within and beneath the forest canopy for energy the energy balance and snowmelt beneath the forest canopy. Parsimony in terms of model complexity and dataCanopy radiation transmission for an energy balance snowmelt model Vinod Mahat1 and David G

Tarboton, David

57

Original article Effect of tillage on bare soil energy balance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Original article Effect of tillage on bare soil energy balance and thermal regime: an experimental; accepted 26 May 1998) Abstract - The effects of tillage on the energy balance and temperature of bare soil were studied using three plots that had different soil structures due to different times of seedbed

Paris-Sud XI, Universit茅 de

58

Net Balanced Floorplanning Based on Elastic Energy Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Net Balanced Floorplanning Based on Elastic Energy Model Wei Liu and Alberto Nannarelli Dept variations can introduce extra signal skew, it is desirable to have floorplans with balanced net delays based on the elastic energy model. The B*-tree, which is based on an ordered binary tree, is used

Nannarelli, Alberto

59

Conservation Balance in General: Revisiting Energy Conservation M. Kostic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conservation Balance in General: Revisiting Energy Conservation M. Kostic .kostic.niu.edu/energy > In general for all conserved "properties" the "netIn" refers to a property net-in-flow through the boundary of property. Therefore, the conservation balance law may be expressed in general as: In=Increase+Out or net

Kostic, Milivoje M.

60

Balanced homodyne detectors and Casimir energy densities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We recall and generalize the analysis of the output of the so-called balanced homodyne detectors. The most important feature of these detectors is their ability to quantify the vacuum fluctuations of the electric field, that is expectation values of products of (quantum-) electric-field operators. More precisely, the output of BHDs provides information on the one- and two-point functions of arbitrary states of quantum fields. We generalize the analysis of the response of BHDs to the case of quantum fields under influence of static external conditions such as cavities or polarizable media. By recalling the expressions for two-point functions of quantum fields in Casimir geometries we show, that a rich, position- and frequency-dependent pattern of BHD responses is predicted for ground states. This points to a potentially new characterization of quantum fields in Casimir setups which would not only complement the current global methods (Casimir forces), but also improve understanding of sub-vacuum energy densities present in some regions in these geometries.

P. Marecki

2008-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nems balances energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Relative efficiency of land surface energy balance components  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

[1] The partitioning of available energy into dissipative fluxes over land surfaces is dependent on the state variable of the surface energy balance (land surface temperature) and the state variable of the surface water ...

Bateni, S. M.

62

The energy balance in polars revisited  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the EXOSAT and ROSAT eras a significant number of polars were found to show a soft/hard X-ray ratio much greater than that expected from the standard accretion shock model. This was known as the `soft X-ray excess'. We have made an snapshot survey of polars using XMM-Newton and determined their soft/hard ratios. We find that less than one in five of systems show a significant soft X-ray excess, while the rest show ratios consistent with that predicted by the standard model. We have investigated the discrepancy between this and the previous investigations by re-examining all the available ROSAT PSPC pointed observations of polars using more recent calibrations than in the original studies. We find that these data show an energy balance ratio which is broadly consistent with that of our XMM-Newton results. We conclude that the previous studies were affected by the data being less well calibrated. We discuss which physical mechanisms might give rise to a high soft X-ray excess and whether systems with high ratios show more variation in soft X-rays. Surprisingly, we find that 6 out of 21 systems found in a high accretion state did not show a distinct soft X-ray component. Two systems showed one pole with such a component and one which did not. Based on the ratio of the observed soft X-ray to UV flux measurements (which were obtained simultaneously using the Optical Monitor) we suggest that this is because the reprocessed component in these systems is cool enough to have moved out of the soft X-ray band and into the EUV or UV band.

Gavin Ramsay; Mark Cropper

2003-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

63

The effect of post-fire stand age on the boreal forest energy balance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

R. , Lee, X. , 1997. Energy balance and canopy conductanceon the boreal forest energy balance B.D. Amiro a,b, *, A.L.reserved. Keywords: Energy balance; Forest fire; Boreal

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Energy balance and partition in Inner Mongolia steppe ecosystems with different land use types  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy balance and partition in Inner Mongolia steppe ecosystems with different land use types surface, including radiation balance, energy partitioning, aerodynamic characteristics, leaf area index records of the surface energy balance are currently available for grassland ecosystems, especially

Chen, Jiquan

65

Surface Energy Balance Measurements Above an Exurban Residential Neighbourhood of Kansas City, Missouri  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1999) The energy balance of central Mexico City during theEnergy and radiation balance of a central European city. IntT (1999) Energy balance ?uxes in a subtropical city: Miami

Balogun, Ahmed A.; Adegoke, Jimmy O.; Vezhapparambu, Sajith; Mauder, Matthias; McFadden, Joseph P.; Gallo, Kevin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Triage: Balancing Energy and Quality of Service in a Microserver  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Triage: Balancing Energy and Quality of Service in a Microserver Nilanjan Banerjee Jacob Sorber and that copies bear this notice and the full citation on the first page. To copy otherwise, to republish, to post

Ganesan, Deepak

67

Balancing Image Quality and Energy Consumption in Visual Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Balancing Image Quality and Energy Consumption in Visual Sensor Networks Kit-Yee Chow, King by hop through the sensor network. To reduce the energy used in transmission, the size of the images studies the tradeoff between image quality and energy consumption. We study the scenario that a number

Tam, Vincent W. L.

68

Electrolysis for Energy Storage & Grid Balancing in West Denmark  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electrolysis for Energy Storage & Grid Balancing in West Denmark A possible first step toward. Economic Assessment 30 6. Other Methods for Storing Energy 34 Work Method & Acknowledgements This project between the original stakeholders who were, Dansk Fjenrvarmev忙rkers Forening (DFF), Norsk Hydro Energy

69

New Directions: A facelift for the picture of the global energy balance Earth's climate is largely regulated by the global energy balance,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New Directions: A facelift for the picture of the global energy balance Earth's climate is largely regulated by the global energy balance, which considers the energy flows within the climate system a perturbation of this energy balance, through a modification of the energy flows in the polluted atmosphere

Fischlin, Andreas

70

Parton Energy Loss with Detailed Balance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stimulated gluon emission and thermal absorption in addition to induced radiation are considered for an energetic parton propagating inside a quark- gluon plasma. In the presence of thermal gluons, stimulated emission reduces while absorption increases the parton's energy. The net effect is a reduction of the parton energy loss. Though decreasing asymptotically as $T/E$ with the parton energy, the relative reduction is found to be important for intermediate energies. The modified energy dependence of the energy loss will affect the shape of suppression of moderately high $p_T$ hadrons due to jet quenching in high-energy heavy-ion collisions.

Enke Wang; Xin-Nian Wang

2001-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

71

Isospin effects on the mass dependence of balance energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the effect of isospin degree of freedom on balance energy throughout the mass range between 50 and 350 for two sets of isotopic systems with N/Z = 1.16 and 1.33 as well as isobaric systems with N/Z = 1.0 and 1.4. Our findings indicate that different values of balance energy for two isobaric systems may be mainly due to the Coulomb repulsion. We also demonstrate clearly the dominance of Coulomb repulsion over symmetry energy.

Sakshi Gautam; Aman D. Sood

2010-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

72

Isospin effects on the mass dependence of the balance energy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the effect of isospin degree of freedom on balance energy throughout the mass range between 50 and 350 for two sets of isotopic systems with N/A= 0.54 and 0.57 as well as isobaric systems with N/A= 0.5 and 0.58. Our findings indicate that different values of balance energy for two isobaric systems may be mainly due to the Coulomb repulsion. We also demonstrate clearly the dominance of Coulomb repulsion over symmetry energy.

Gautam, Sakshi [Department of Physics, Panjab University, Chandigarh 160 014 (India); Sood, Aman D. [SUBATECH, Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et des Technologies Associees, Universite de Nantes, IN2P3/CNRS, EMN 4 rue Alfred Kastler, F-44072 Nantes (France)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

73

Integrated NEMS and optoelectronics for sensor applications.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This work utilized advanced engineering in several fields to find solutions to the challenges presented by the integration of MEMS/NEMS with optoelectronics to realize a compact sensor system, comprised of a microfabricated sensor, VCSEL, and photodiode. By utilizing microfabrication techniques in the realization of the MEMS/NEMS component, the VCSEL and the photodiode, the system would be small in size and require less power than a macro-sized component. The work focused on two technologies, accelerometers and microphones, leveraged from other LDRD programs. The first technology was the nano-g accelerometer using a nanophotonic motion detection system (67023). This accelerometer had measured sensitivity of approximately 10 nano-g. The Integrated NEMS and optoelectronics LDRD supported the nano-g accelerometer LDRD by providing advanced designs for the accelerometers, packaging, and a detection scheme to encapsulate the accelerometer, furthering the testing capabilities beyond bench-top tests. A fully packaged and tested die was never realized, but significant packaging issues were addressed and many resolved. The second technology supported by this work was the ultrasensitive directional microphone arrays for military operations in urban terrain and future combat systems (93518). This application utilized a diffraction-based sensing technique with different optical component placement and a different detection scheme from the nano-g accelerometer. The Integrated NEMS LDRD supported the microphone array LDRD by providing custom designs, VCSELs, and measurement techniques to accelerometers that were fabricated from the same operational principles as the microphones, but contain proof masses for acceleration transduction. These devices were packaged at the end of the work.

Czaplewski, David A.; Serkland, Darwin Keith; Olsson, Roy H., III; Bogart, Gregory R. (Symphony Acoustics, Rio Rancho, NM); Krishnamoorthy, Uma; Warren, Mial E.; Carr, Dustin Wade (Symphony Acoustics, Rio Rancho, NM); Okandan, Murat; Peterson, Kenneth Allen

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

NEMS Buildings Sector Working Group Meeting  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year2per ThousandWellhead+WellheadMr.NEMS Buildings

75

Original article Energy balance storage terms and big-leaf  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

), biomass heat storage (Sv) and photosynthetic energy storage (Sp). Soil heat storage Sg can be furtherOriginal article Energy balance storage terms and big-leaf evapotranspiration in a mixed deciduous not be omitted. On a seasonal basis soil heat storage seems to be the most important term. The overall heat

Boyer, Edmond

76

PAS kinase is required for normal cellular energy balance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PAS kinase is required for normal cellular energy balance Huai-Xiang Hao*, Caleb M. Cardon*, Wojtek, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 Edited by Steven L. McKnight, University in a cell-autonomous manner to maintain cellular energy homeostasis and is a potential therapeutic target

Rutter, Jared

77

Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Program FINAL PROJECT REPORT California Energy Balance Update and Decomposition Analysis for the Industry and Building Sectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2005. Development of Energy Balances for the State ofIEA). 2010. World Energy Balance, 1971 to 2008. Paris: IEA.REPORT California Energy Balance Update and Decomposition

de la Rue du Can, Stephane

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Energy balance for uranium recovery from seawater  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The energy return on investment (EROI) of an energy resource is the ratio of the energy it ultimately produces to the energy used to recover it. EROI is a key viability measure for a new recovery technology, particularly in its early stages of development when financial cost assessment would be premature or highly uncertain. This paper estimates the EROI of uranium recovery from seawater via a braid adsorbent technology. In this paper, the energy cost of obtaining uranium from seawater is assessed by breaking the production chain into three processes: adsorbent production, adsorbent deployment and mooring, and uranium elution and purification. Both direct and embodied energy inputs are considered. Direct energy is the energy used by the processes themselves, while embodied energy is used to fabricate their material, equipment or chemical inputs. If the uranium is used in a once-through fuel cycle, the braid adsorbent technology EROI ranges from 12 to 27, depending on still-uncertain performance and system design parameters. It is highly sensitive to the adsorbent capacity in grams of U captured per kg of adsorbent as well as to potential economies in chemical use. This compares to an EROI of ca. 300 for contemporary terrestrial mining. It is important to note that these figures only consider the mineral extraction step in the fuel cycle. At a reference performance level of 2.76 g U recovered per kg adsorbent immersed, the largest energy consumers are the chemicals used in adsorbent production (63%), anchor chain mooring system fabrication and operations (17%), and unit processes in the adsorbent production step (12%). (authors)

Schneider, E.; Lindner, H. [The University of Texas, 1 University Station C2200, Austin, TX 78712 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy in order to achieve a sustainable energy balance. Along the way, we may find it possible to shift Siderius ABSTRACT We argue that a primary focus on energy efficiency may not be sufficient to slow (and

Diamond, Richard

80

Free energy balance in gyrokinetic turbulence  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Free energy plays an important role in gyrokinetic theory, since it is known to be a nonlinear invariant. Its evolution equations are derived and analyzed for the case of ion temperature gradient driven turbulence, using the formalism adopted in the Gene code. In particular, the ion temperature gradient drive, the collisional dissipation as well as entropy/electrostatic energy transfer channels represented by linear curvature and parallel terms are analyzed in detail.

Banon Navarro, A.; Morel, P.; Albrecht-Marc, M.; Carati, D. [Statistical and Plasma Physics Laboratory, Universite Libre de Bruxelles (Belgium); Merz, F.; Goerler, T.; Jenko, F. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, Boltzmannstr. 2, D-85748 Garching (Germany)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nems balances energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Co2balance | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:EnergyWisconsin: Energy ResourcesInformationWindpowerHill,Deep Store

82

3. Energy conversion, balances, efficiency, equilibrium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

| 20500 Turku | Finland #12;15/124 3.2: Energy transfer, First Law of Thermodynamics, Work, Power, Heat 90/124 Heat work: power cycles /1 An air power cycle and its p-V diagram 12: Heat-up at constant is to produce work (i.e. generate power) using the incoming heat streams, the thermal efficiency or Carnot

Zevenhoven, Ron

83

Ch4. Atmosphere and Surface Energy Balances  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

than red light. #12;The Electromagnetic Spectrum 8% 47% 45% 100% solar radiation #12;Blue Sky, Red;Energy Pathways #12;Solar radiation transfer in the atmosphere Solar radiation Reflection Atmosphere or performing any work. #12;Solar radiation transfer in the atmosphere Solar radiation Reflection Transmission

Pan, Feifei

84

Development of Energy Balances for the State of California  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Analysts assessing energy policies and energy modelers forecasting future trends need to have access to reliable and concise energy statistics. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory evaluated several sources of California energy data, primarily from the California Energy Commission and the U.S. Energy Information Administration, to develop the California Energy Balance Database (CALEB). This database manages highly disaggregated data on energy supply, transformation, and end-use consumption for each type of energy commodity from 1990 to the most recent year available (generally 2001) in the form of an energy balance, following the methodology used by the International Energy Agency. This report presents the data used for CALEB and provides information on how the various data sources were reconciled. CALEB offers the possibility of displaying all energy flows in numerous ways (e.g.,physical units, Btus, petajoules, different levels of aggregation), facilitating comparisons among the different types of energy commodities and different end-use sectors. In addition to displaying energy data, CALEB can also be used to calculate state-level energy-related carbon dioxide emissions using the methodology of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.

Murtishaw, Scott; Price, Lynn; de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Masanet, Eric; Worrell, Ernst; Sahtaye, Jayant

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Energy Balance in Wireless Networks Using Connection Segmentation and Range Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Balance in Wireless Networks Using Connection Segmentation and Range Control Nitin Kumar are optimized to balance energy consumption across the network. This paper formulates an en颅 ergy balance颅 nalized for their important role in network operation. While route selection to balance energy [13], [31

Simha, Rahul

86

Author's personal copy Energy and water balance of two contrasting loblolly pine plantations on the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Author's personal copy Energy and water balance of two contrasting loblolly pine plantations are more interested in water and carbon balances, quantifying forest energy balance offers insights to how Accepted 9 September 2009 Keywords: Energy balance Evapotranspiration Forest albedo Forest hydrology

Noormets, Asko

87

Balanced Scorecard Program | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy UsageAUDITVehicles 禄 Alternative FuelNewsWashingtonAudits &Department

88

Balanced Scorecard Archive | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy UsageAUDITVehiclesTankless orA BRIEFApril 2015 ProjectAsset|3Business

89

Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Renewable sources of energy supply must also be part of the equation, an equation that becomes much easier to balance when demand growth

Harris, Jeff

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Renewable sources of energy supply must also be part of the equation, an equation that becomes much easier to balance when demand growth

Harris, Jeffrey; Diamond, Rick; Iyer, Maithili; Payne, Christopher; Blumstein, Carl; Siderius, Hans-Paul

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Sandia National Laboratories: balance energy characteristics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1development Sandia, NREL Release Wavearc-fault circuitatomicaxial-flow turbinebalance

92

ParkingMeter: Balancing Energy Savings and Service Availability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ParkingMeter: Balancing Energy Savings and Service Availability Riccardo Crepaldi University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign rcrepal2@illinois.edu Ryan Welsh University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign rjwelsh2@illinois.edu Robin H. Kravets University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign rhk@illinois

Kravets, Robin

93

Balancing the vacuum energy in heterotic $M$-theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Moduli stabilisation is explored in the context of low-energy heterotic $M$-theory to show that a small value of the cosmological constant can result from a balance between the negative potential energy left over from stabilising the moduli and a positive Casimir energy from the higher dimensions. Supersymmetry breaking is induced by the fermion boundary conditions on the two branes in the theory. An explicit calculation of the Casimir energy for the gravitino reveals that the energy has the correct sign, although the size of the contribution is close to the edge of the parameter range for which the calculation is valid.

Nasr Ahmed; Ian G. Moss

2010-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

94

Development of Data Quality Control Limits for Data Screening through the "Energy Balance" Method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

screening using Energy Balance methodology (Shao and Claridge, 2005). Energy Balance (EBL) parameter represents quasi-steady state thermal energy storage in a building and indicates a predominant linear behavior when it is plotted versus the outside air...

Masuda, H.; Baltazar, J. C.; Ji, J.; Claridge, D.

95

Isospin dependence of balance energy in heavy-ion collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Based on the isospin-dependent quantum molecular dynamics (IQMD) picture, we attempt to understand the nature of transverse flow in $_{28}Ni^{58}+_{28}Ni^{58}$ and $_{26}Fe^{58}+_{26}Fe^{58}$ systems at wide range of energies and impact parameters. The isospin dependence of balance energy in transverse flow is clearly visible. The results are compared with the experimental data available.

Varinderjit Kaur; Dolly Sood; Suneel Kumar

2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

96

Analytical study of the energy rate balance equation for the magnetospheric storm-ring current  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analytical study of the energy rate balance equation for the magnetospheric storm-ring current A. L of the analytical integration of the energy rate balance equation, assum- ing that the input energy rate of the energy function to ht times a constant factor in the energy rate balance equation (e.g. Gonzalez et al

Paris-Sud XI, Universit茅 de

97

Urban Microclimate, a Study of Energy Balance and Fluid Dynamics /  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for building load calculations; Exterior heat balance (CD-for building load calculations; Exterior heat balance (CD-for Building Load Calculations; Exterior Heat Balance (CD-

Yaghoobian, Neda

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Renewable Energy and Efficiency Modeling Analysis Partnership: An Analysis of How Different Energy Models Addressed a Common High Renewable Energy Penetration Scenario in 2025  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on Renewable Energy Annual Energy Outlook Argonne NationalNEMS for the 2006 Annual Energy Outlook (AEO). (Note: Theuse the NEMS inputs or Annual Energy Outlook (AEO) results (

Blair, N.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Energy-momentum balance in particle - domain wall perforating collision  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the energy-momentum balance in the perforating collision of a point particle with an infinitely thin planar domain wall within the linearized gravity in arbitrary dimensions. Since the metric of the wall increases with distance, the wall and the particle are never free, and their energy-momentum balance involves not only the instantaneous kinetic momenta, but also the non-local contribution of gravitational stresses. However, careful analysis shows that the stresses can be unambiguously divided between the colliding objects leading to definition of the gravitationally dressed momenta. These take into account for gravity in the same way as the potential energy does in the non-relativistic theory, but our treatment is fully relativistic. Another unusual feature of our problem is the non-vanishing flux of the total energy-momentum tensor through the lateral surface of the world tube. In this case the zero divergence of the energy-momentum tensor does not imply conservation of the total momentum defined as the integral over the space-like section of the tube. But one can still define the conservation low infinitesimally, passing to time derivatives of the momenta. Using this definition we establish the momentum balance in terms of the dressed particle and wall momenta.

D. V. Gal'tsov; E. Yu. Melkumova; P. A. Spirin

2015-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

100

Energy-Aware Load Balancing in Content Delivery Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Internet-scale distributed systems such as content delivery networks (CDNs) operate hundreds of thousands of servers deployed in thousands of data center locations around the globe. Since the energy costs of operating such a large IT infrastructure are a significant fraction of the total operating costs, we argue for redesigning CDNs to incorporate energy optimizations as a first-order principle. We propose techniques to turn off CDN servers during periods of low load while seeking to balance three key design goals: maximize energy reduction, minimize the impact on client-perceived service availability (SLAs), and limit the frequency of on-off server transitions to reduce wear-and-tear and its impact on hardware reliability. We propose an optimal offline algorithm and an online algorithm to extract energy savings both at the level of local load balancing within a data center and global load balancing across data centers. We evaluate our algorithms using real production workload traces from a large commercial ...

Mathew, Vimal; Shenoy, Prashant

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nems balances energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Sub-grid parameterization of snow distribution for an energy and mass balance snow cover model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sub-grid parameterization of snow distribution for an energy and mass balance snow cover model model of the lumped snowpack mass and energy balance applied to a 26-ha rangeland catchment with high (Af). The energy state variable is evolved through an energy balance. The snow water equivalence state

102

N/Z dependence of balance energy throughout the colliding geometries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the N/Z dependence of balance energy throughout the mass range for colliding geometry varying from central to peripheral ones. Our results indicate that balance energy decreases linearly with increase in N/Z ratio for all the masses throughout the colliding geometry range. Also, the N/Z dependence of balance energy is sensitive to symmetry energy.

Sakshi Gautam; Rajeev K. Puri

2011-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

103

The global energy balance from a surface perspective Martin Wild Doris Folini Christoph Schar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The global energy balance from a surface perspective Martin Wild 路 Doris Folini 路 Christoph Scha of the global energy balance, the radiative energy exchanges between Sun, Earth and space are now accurately to constrain the global energy balance not only from space, but also from the surface. We combine

Fischlin, Andreas

104

ESTIMATING DAMPING PARAMETERS IN MULTI-DEGREE-OF-FREEDOM VIBRATION SYSTEMS BY BALANCING ENERGY0  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ESTIMATING DAMPING PARAMETERS IN MULTI-DEGREE-OF-FREEDOM VIBRATION SYSTEMS BY BALANCING ENERGY0 B is outlined, involving a balance of dissipated and supplied energies over a cycle of pe- riodic vibration a damping estimation method based on the balance of energy. The idea is to compute the energy input per

Feeny, Brian

105

INTRODUCTION The ability to balance the acquisition and storage of energy is  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3160 INTRODUCTION The ability to balance the acquisition and storage of energy is essential energy balance and storage (Stubbs and Tolkamp, 2006). Despite tight regulation of energy homeostasis, there are individual differences in energy balance (Speakman, 2004). This is due, in large part, to interactions

Sokolowski, Marla

106

Ocean Heat Transport, Sea Ice, and Multiple Climate States: Insights from Energy Balance Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Several extensions of energy balance models (EBMs) are explored in which (i) sea ice acts to insulate the

Rose, Brian Edward James

107

Contractor Purchasing Balanced Scorecard for FY 2010 | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power Systems EngineeringDepartmentSmart GridThird Quarter Overall ContractPurchasing Balanced

108

Framework for Coupling Room Air Models to Heat Balance Model Load and Energy Calculations (RP-1222)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Framework for Coupling Room Air Models to Heat Balance Model Load and Energy Calculations (RP in a program for hourly load calculations of a single thermal zone. The heat balance model for load and energy to heat balance model load and energy calculations," HVAC&R Research, 10(2), 91-111. #12;2 路 Mixed

Chen, Qingyan "Yan"

109

A Finite Element Algorithm of a Nonlinear Diffusive Climate Energy Balance Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Finite Element Algorithm of a Nonlinear Diffusive Climate Energy Balance Model R. BERMEJO,1 J. This model belongs to the category of energy balance models introduced independently by the climatologists M climate. The energy balance model we are dealing with consists of a two-dimensional nonlinear parabolic

D铆az, Jes煤s Ildefonso

110

Non-Blocking, Localized Routing Algorithm for Balanced Energy Consumption in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Non-Blocking, Localized Routing Algorithm for Balanced Energy Consumption in Mobile Ad Hoc relevant nodes but also to balance individual battery levels. Unbalanced energy usage will result achieves a trade-off between balanced energy consumption and shortest routing delay, and at the same time

Lee, Ben

111

Load-Balanced Routing Scheme for Energy-Efficient Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Load-Balanced Routing Scheme for Energy-Efficient Wireless Sensor Networks Fatma Bouabdallah, Nizar. In this paper, we investigate the potential energy conservation achieved by balancing the traffic throughout, load balancing, performance analysis. I. INTRODUCTION In order to minimize the energy consumption

Boutaba, Raouf

112

SUBGRID PARAMETERIZATION OF SNOW DISTRIBUTION FOR AN ENERGY AND MASS BALANCE SNOW COVER MODEL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SUBGRID PARAMETERIZATION OF SNOW DISTRIBUTION FOR AN ENERGY AND MASS BALANCE SNOW COVER MODEL & Sons, Ltd. #12;1 SUBGRID PARAMETERIZATION OF SNOW DISTRIBUTION FOR AN ENERGY AND MASS BALANCE SNOW of the lumped snowpack mass and energy balance applied to a 26-ha rangeland catchment with high spatial

Tarboton, David

113

A Scalable Model for Energy Load Balancing in Large-scale Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Scalable Model for Energy Load Balancing in Large-scale Sensor Networks Seung Jun Baek we consider how one might achieve more balanced energy burdens across the network by spreading sinks change their locations to balance the energy burdens incurred accross the network nodes [1

de Veciana, Gustavo

114

Improving the Energy Balance of Field-based Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Improving the Energy Balance of Field-based Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks Goce Trajcevski of the network merge into a single path. These path merging effects decrease significantly the energy balance deployments. When multiple sources transmit infor- mation simultaneously, together with energy balancing

Bustamante, Fabi谩n E.

115

Energy-Balanced Cooperative Routing in Multihop Wireless Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy-Balanced Cooperative Routing in Multihop Wireless Ad Hoc Networks Siyuan Chen Minsu Huang. In this paper, we aim to study the impact of cooperative routing on balancing the energy distribution among their transmission power, our cooperative routing method can balance the energy among neighboring nodes and maximize

Wang, Yu

116

AN OPERATIONAL WATER AND ENERGY BALANCE ALGORITHM FOR PUERTO RICO Eric Harmsen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AN OPERATIONAL WATER AND ENERGY BALANCE ALGORITHM FOR PUERTO RICO Eric Harmsen Department.com In this study an operational water and energy balance algorithm for Puerto Rico (GOES- PRWEB) was developed. In the algorithm, an energy balance approach is used to estimate actual evapotranspiration, which

Gilbes, Fernando

117

I. Abstract Vegetation plays an important role in the surface energy and water balance of wetlands.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

55 I. Abstract Vegetation plays an important role in the surface energy and water balance or reverse the downward trend in streamflow. In this study, we investigated the energy and water balance had been sprayed with herbicide (and remained only as dead, standing biomass). Energy balance

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

118

Complementary relationship of evaporation and the mean annual water-energy balance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Complementary relationship of evaporation and the mean annual water-energy balance Jozsef Szilagyi1 and the mean annual water-energy balance, Water Resour. Res., 45, W09201, doi:10.1029/2009WR008129. [2] Gerrits balance necessarily operates at the catchment scale, plus E0 depends predominantly on the available energy

Szilagyi, Jozsef

119

ENERGY-BASED LIMIT CYCLE COMPENSATION FOR DYNAMICALLY BALANCING WHEELED INVERTED PENDULUM MACHINES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENERGY-BASED LIMIT CYCLE COMPENSATION FOR DYNAMICALLY BALANCING WHEELED INVERTED PENDULUM MACHINES are not well known. The effects of these non-linearities can be observed in the energy behavior of IP balancing. While in this paper we use an energy-based observer to detect and correct limit cycles while balancing

Dollar, Aaron M.

120

Energy Balancing Routing Schemes for Low-Power Wireless Networks Eun-Sook Sung, Miodrag Potkonjak  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Balancing Routing Schemes for Low-Power Wireless Networks Eun-Sook Sung, Miodrag Potkonjak}@cs.ucla.edu Abstract-- We address the problem of energy balancing in multi-hop wireless networks to optimize results show, firstly, that both schemes achieve significant improvement of energy balancing proportional

Potkonjak, Miodrag

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121

A Cluster-based Energy Balancing Scheme in Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Cluster-based Energy Balancing Scheme in Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks Jing Ai, Damla,turgut,lboloni}@cpe.ucf.edu Abstract. In this paper, we propose a novel, cluster-based energy balancing scheme. We assume the existence significant improvements in energy balancing leading to a longer con- nected time of the network

B枚l枚ni, Ladislau L

122

The Core Degree Based Tag Reduction on Chip Multiprocessor to Balance Energy Saving and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Core Degree Based Tag Reduction on Chip Multiprocessor to Balance Energy Saving and Performance on a single-core processor. In this paper, we further investigate the problem on balancing energy saving such that the best balance of energy and performance can be achieved. In particular, as the basis

Boyer, Edmond

123

INVESTIGATING THE SURFACE ENERGY BALANCE IN URBAN AREAS RECENT ADVANCES AND FUTURE NEEDS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INVESTIGATING THE SURFACE ENERGY BALANCE IN URBAN AREAS RECENT ADVANCES AND FUTURE NEEDS M of the surface energy balance of urban areas, based on both experimental investigations and numerical models in urban areas is commonly limited to a few sites, often just at airports. The surface energy balance

Ribes, Aur閘ien

124

Spatial and Temporal Transferability of a Distributed Energy-Balance Glacier Melt Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spatial and Temporal Transferability of a Distributed Energy-Balance Glacier Melt Model ANDREW H model transferability, a distributed energy-balance melt model (DEBM) is applied to two small glaciers- face energy balance, and empirically based melt models, which correlate melt with temperature

Flowers, Gwenn

125

Teaching Energy Balance using Round Numbers: A Quantitative Approach to the Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Teaching Energy Balance using Round Numbers: A Quantitative Approach to the Greenhouse Effect, 2003 Abstract The idea of energy balance used to explain the greenhouse effect and global warming and astronomy curricula. The idea of energy balance is used to explain the greenhouse effect and global warming

Blais, Brian

126

Coordinated Home Energy Management for Real-Time Power Balancing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper proposes a coordinated home energy management system (HEMS) architecture where the distributed residential units cooperate with each other to achieve real-time power balancing. The economic benefits for the retailer and incentives for the customers to participate in the proposed coordinated HEMS program are given. We formulate the coordinated HEMS design problem as a dynamic programming (DP) and use approximate DP approaches to efficiently handle the design problem. A distributed implementation algorithm based on the convex optimization based dual decomposition technique is also presented. Our focus in the current paper is on the deferrable appliances, such as Plug-in (Hybrid) Electric Vehicles (PHEV), in view of their higher impact on the grid stability. Simulation results shows that the proposed coordinated HEMS architecture can efficiently improve the real-time power balancing.

Chang, Tsung-Hui; Scaglione, Anna

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

With respect to energy balance in mobile ad hoc networks, there have been active researches proposing energy-aware  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ABSTRACT With respect to energy balance in mobile ad hoc networks, there have been active of energy-related metrics to find the most energy- balancing route in route discovery procedure. However there have been few works touching the energy balance during data transmission that is addressed

Yu, Chansu

128

Elliptic flow in heavy ion collisions near the balance energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The proton elliptic flow in collisions of Ca on Ca at energies from 30 to 100 MeV/nucleon is studied in an isospin-dependent transport model. With increasing incident energy, the elliptic flow shows a transition from positive to negative flow. Its magnitude depends on both the nuclear equation of state (EOS) and the nucleon-nucleon scattering cross section. Different elliptic flows are obtained for a stiff EOS with free nucleon-nucleon cross sections and a soft EOS with reduced nucleon-nucleon cross sections, although both lead to vanishing in-plane transverse flow at the same balance energy. The study of both in-plane and elliptic flows at intermediate energies thus provides a means to extract simultaneously the information on the nuclear equation of state and the nucleon-nucleon scattering cross section in medium.

Yu-Ming Zheng; C. M. Ko; Bao-An Li; Bin Zhang

1999-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

129

Effects of Isospin Asymmetry and In-Medium Corrections on Balance Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effects of an isospin asymmetry and in-medium corrections to the nucleon collision cross section on the balance energy are explored. The BUU model for intermediate energy heavy-ion collisions is used with isospin-dependent mean fields to calculate the balance energies of 58Fe + 58Fe and 58Ni + 58Ni for a range of impact parameters. We find that we are able to reproduce the impact parameter dependence of the balance energy, and the sign (but not the magnitude) of the shift in balance balance energy as a function of isospin asymmetry.

Frank Daffin; Wolfgang Bauer

1998-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

130

Surface Energy Balance Measurements Above an Exurban Residential Neighbourhood of Kansas City, Missouri  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and energy ?ows within cities and their surrounding areas.energy balance measurements over a new exurban residential area near Kansas City,

Balogun, Ahmed A.; Adegoke, Jimmy O.; Vezhapparambu, Sajith; Mauder, Matthias; McFadden, Joseph P.; Gallo, Kevin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

TECHNICAL REPORT TR09-02, COMNET, TECHNION, ISRAEL 1 Energy-Constrained Balancing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TECHNICAL REPORT TR09-02, COMNET, TECHNION, ISRAEL 1 Energy-Constrained Balancing Yossi Kanizo, David Hay, and Isaac Keslassy Abstract--This paper defines and analyzes a fundamental energy-constrained balancing problem, in which elements need to be balanced across resources in order to minimize

Keslassy, Isaac

132

Evolution Effects on Parton Energy Loss with Detailed Balance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The initial conditions in the chemical non-equilibrated medium and Bjorken expanding medium at RHIC are determined. With a set of rate equations describing the chemical equilibration of quarks and gluons based on perturbative QCD, we investigate the consequence for parton evolution at RHIC. With considering parton evolution, it is shown that the Debye screening mass and the inverse mean free-path of gluons reduce with increasing proper time in the QGP medium. The parton evolution affects the parton energy loss with detailed balance, both parton energy loss from stimulated emission in the chemical non-equilibrated expanding medium and in Bjorken expanding medium are linear dependent on the propagating distance rather than square dependent in the static medium. The energy absorption can not be neglected at intermediate jet energies and small propagating distance of the energetic parton in contrast with that it is important only at intermediate jet energy in the static medium. This will increase the energy and propagating distance dependence of the parton energy loss and will affect the shape of suppression of moderately high P_T hadron spectra.

Luan cheng; Enke Wang

2010-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

133

Investigating the possibilities of energy balance modelling with more moderate input data. Development and testing, Griesgletscher, Switzerland  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A distributed surface energy balance model has been developed to simulate mass balance at an hourly resolution. The model is applied to a 25 m resolution digital elevation model of a valley glacier in Switzerland. The three main energy balance...

Thompson, Sarah

134

Exploring the concept of compressed air energy storage (CAES) in lined rock caverns at shallow depth: A modeling study of air tightness and energy balance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Calculated time integrated energy balance term in the 5 thCalculated time integrated energy balance term in the 5 thof air tightness and energy balance Hyung-Mok Kim 1 , Jonny

Kim, H.-M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Earth's Energy Out of Balance: The Smoking Gun for Global Warming April, 2005  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

evaluated the energy imbalance using precise measurements of ocean temperature obtained by ocean floatsEarth's Energy Out of Balance: The Smoking Gun for Global Warming April, 2005 Scientists at Columbia University, NASA, and the Department of Energy have found that the Earth is out of energy balance

Hansen, James E.

136

Flow Effects on Jet Energy Loss with Detailed Balance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the presence of collective flow a new model potential describing the interaction of the hard jet with scattering centers is derived based on the static color-screened Yukawa potential. The flow effect on jet quenching with detailed balance is investigated in pQCD. It turns out, considering the collective flow with velocity $v_z$ along the jet direction, the collective flow decreases the LPM destructive interference comparing to that in the static medium. The gluon absorption plays a more important role in the moving medium. The collective flow increases the energy gain from gluon absorption, however, decreases the energy loss from gluon radiation, which is $(1 - v_z )$ times as that in the static medium to the first order of opacity. In the presence of collective flow, the second order in opacity correction is relatively small compared to the first order. So that the total effective energy loss is decreased. The flow dependence of the energy loss will affect the suppression of high $p_T$ hadron spectrum and anisotropy parameter $v_2$ in high-energy heavy-ion collisions.

Luan Cheng; Jia Liu; Enke Wang

2014-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

137

WATER AND ENERGY BALANCE ESTIMATION IN PUERTO RICO USING SATELLITE REMOTE SENSING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WATER AND ENERGY BALANCE ESTIMATION IN PUERTO RICO USING SATELLITE REMOTE SENSING Eric. W Management of water resources relies on estimates of the hydrologic water balance within defined and/or similar land use. Components of the water balance include precipitation, actual

Gilbes, Fernando

138

Multifragmentation at the balance energy of mass asymmetric colliding nuclei  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using the quantum molecular dynamics model, we study the role of mass asymmetry of colliding nuclei on the fragmentation at the balance energy and on its mass dependence. The study is done by keeping the total mass of the system fixed as 40, 80, 160, and 240 and by varying the mass asymmetry of the ($\\eta$ = $\\frac{A_{T}-A_{P}}{A_{T}+A_{P}}$; where $A_{T}$ and $A_{P}$ are the masses of the target and projectile, respectively) reaction from 0.1 to 0.7. Our results clearly indicate a sizeable effect of the mass asymmetry on the multiplicity of various fragments. The mass asymmetry dependence of various fragments is found to increase with increase in total system mass (except for heavy mass fragments). Similar to symmetric reactions, a power law system mass dependence of various fragment multiplicities is also found to exit for large asymmetries.

Supriya Goyal

2011-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

139

Final Report Balancing energy conservation and occupant needs in ventilation rate standards for Big Box stores in California: predicted indoor air quality and energy consumption using a matrix of ventilation scenarios  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MG. (2010). Balancing energy conservation and occupant needsReport牋 Balancing爀nergy燾onservation燼nd爋ccupant爊eeds燫eport Balancing energy conservation and occupant needs in

Apte, Michael G.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Correlation between balance energy and transition energy for symmetric colliding nuclei  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the correlation between balance energy and transition energy of fragments in heavy-ion collisions for different systems at incident energies between 40 and 1200 MeV/nucleon using an isospin-dependent quantum molecular dynamics model. With increasing incident energy, the elliptic flow shows a transition from positive (in-plane) to negative (out-of-plane) flow. This transition energy is found to depend on the size of the fragments, composite mass of the reacting system, and the impact parameter of the reaction. It has been observed that a reduced cross section can explain the experimental data. There is a correlation between transition energy and balance energy as their difference decreases with an increase in the total mass of colliding nuclei.

Rajni,; Kumar, Suneel; Puri, Rajeev K. [School of Physics and Materials Science, Thapar University, Patiala-147004, Punjab (India); Department of Physics, Panjab University, Chandigarh-160014 (India)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nems balances energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Correlation between balance energy and transition energy for symmetric colliding nuclei  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the correlation between balance energy and transition energy of fragment in heavy-ion collisions for different systems at incident energies between 40 and 1200 MeV/nucleon using an isospin-dependent quantum molecular dynamics model. With increasing incident energy, the elliptic flow shows a transition from positive (in-plane) to negative (out-of-plane) flow. This transition energy is found to depend on the size of fragments, composite mass of reacting system, and the impact parameter of reaction. It has been observed that reduced cross-section can explain the experimental data. There is a correlation between transition energy and balance energy as their difference decreases with increase in the total mass of colliding nuclei.

Rajni; Suneel Kumar; Rajeev K. Puri

2011-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

142

Experimental balance energies and isospin-dependent nucleon-nucleon cross-sections  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effect of different isospin-dependent cross-section on directed flow is studied for variety of systems(for which experimental balance energies are available) using an isospin-dependent Quantum Molecular Dynamic (IQMD) model. We show that balance energies are sensitive towards isospin-dependent cross-sections for light systems, while nearly no effect exist for heavier nuclei. A reduced cross-section $\\sigma = 0.9\\sigma_{NN}$ with stiff equation of state is able to explain experimental balance energies in most of systems. A power law behaviour is also given for the mass dependence of balance energy, which also follow N/Z dependence.

Sanjeev Kumar; Rajni; Suneel Kumar

2010-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

143

Relationship Between Wind Generation and Balancing Energy Market Prices in ERCOT: 2007-2009  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper attempts to measure the average marginal effects of wind generation on the balancing-energy market price in ERCOT with the help of econometric analysis.

Nicholson, E.; Rogers, J.; Porter, K.

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Quantifying the system balancing cost when wind energy is incorporated into electricity generation system.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Incorporation of wind energy into the electricity generation system requires a detailed analysis of wind speed in order to minimize system balancing cost and avoid (more)

Issaeva, Natalia

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

A Dynamic Query-tree Energy Balancing Protocol for Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Dynamic Query-tree Energy Balancing Protocol for Sensor Networks H. Yang, F. Ye and B. Sikdar a "Dynamic Query-tree Energy Balancing" (DQEB) protocol to dynamically adjust the tree structure and minimize networks. In [15] it has been shown that the minimum- energy broadcast tree problem is NP

Sikdar, Biplab

146

An Opportunistic Scheduler To Balance Performance Measures and Energy Consumption in Wireless Networks: Design and Implementation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Opportunistic Scheduler To Balance Performance Measures and Energy Consumption in Wireless scheduler that can balance the energy consumption by an idle system and the performance of motion prediction Chinese University of Hong Kong Shatin, Hong Kong cslui@cse.cuhk.edu.hk Abstract Energy management

Yau, David K Y

147

RIS-M-2261 THE USE OF MASS AND ENERGY BALANCES FOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RIS?-M-2261 THE USE OF MASS AND ENERGY BALANCES FOR OBSERVATION IN PROCESS PLANT DIAGNOSIS Morten; CONSERVATION LAWS; CONTROL SYSTEMS; DATA PROCESSING; ENERGY BALANCE; FLOW MODELS; MAN-MACHINE SYSTEM; MASS Lind and Hans Talmon Abstract. A method is described that uses the invariant mass and energy

148

Energy Efficiency of Load Balancing in MANET Routing Protocols Sunsook Jung, Nisar Hundewale, Alex Zelikovsky  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Efficiency of Load Balancing in MANET Routing Protocols Sunsook Jung, Nisar Hundewale, Alex Zelikovsky Abstract This paper considers energy constrained routing pro- tocols and workload balancing techniques for improving MANET routing protocols and energy efficiency. We give new routing protocol

Zelikovsky, Alexander

149

Balancing Energy Consumption and Food Quality Loss in Supermarket Refrigeration System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Balancing Energy Consumption and Food Quality Loss in Supermarket Refrigeration System J. Cai and J- tion of commercial refrigeration system, featuring balanced system energy consumption and food quality energy consumption and food quality loss, at varying ambient condition, in a supermarket refrigeration

Skogestad, Sigurd

150

Measurements of sideward flow around the balance energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sideward flow values have been determined with the INDRA multidetector for Ar+Ni, Ni+Ni and Xe+Sn systems studied at GANIL in the 30 to 100 A.MeV incident energy range. The balance energies found for Ar+Ni and Ni+Ni systems are in agreement with previous experimental results and theoretical calculations. Negative sideward flow values have been measured. The possible origins of such negative values are discussed. They could result from a more important contribution of evaporated particles with respect to the contribution of promptly emitted particles at mid-rapidity. But effects induced by the methods used to reconstruct the reaction plane cannot be totally excluded. Complete tests of these methods are presented and the origins of the ``auto-correlation'' effect have been traced back. For heavy fragments, the observed negative flow values seem to be mainly due to the reaction plane reconstruction methods. For light charged particles, these negative values could result from the dynamics of the collisions and from the reaction plane reconstruction methods as well. These effects have to be taken into account when comparisons with theoretical calculations are done.

INDRA collaboration; D. Cussol; T. Lefort; J. P閠er

2001-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

151

Efficient Energy-Balancing in Multipath RPL Oana Iova1, Fabrice Theoleyre 1 and Thomas Noel1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Efficient Energy-Balancing in Multipath RPL Oana Iova1, Fabrice Theoleyre 1 and Thomas Noel1 1ICube the global energy consumption, we aim here at designing an energy-balancing routing protocol: each node. Keywords: RPL, multipath, energy efficiency, energy-balancing, WSN, network lifetime 1 Introduction Routing

Paris-Sud XI, Universit茅 de

152

Conceptual understanding of climate change with a globally resolved energy balance model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conceptual understanding of climate change with a globally resolved energy balance model Dietmar on the surface energy balance by very simple repre- sentations of solar and thermal radiation, the atmospheric and cold regions to warm more than other regions. Keywords Climate dynamics 脕 Climate change 脕 Climate

Dommenget, Dietmar

153

Effect of mass asymmetry on the mass dependence of balance energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We demonstrate the role of the mass asymmetry on the balance energy (Ebal) by studying asymmetric reactions throughout the periodic table and over entire colliding geometry. Our results, which are almost independent of the system size and as well as of the colliding geometries indicate a sizeable effect of the asymmetry of the reaction on the balance energy.

Supriya Goyal

2011-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

154

Non-native grasses alter evapotranspiration and energy balance in Great Basin sagebrush communities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Non-native grasses alter evapotranspiration and energy balance in Great Basin sagebrush communities Avenue, Urbana, IL 61801, United States Received 19 April 2006; accepted 23 August 2006 Abstract Over key ecosystem processes in the Great Basin, including hydrology and energy balance. To determine how

DeLucia, Evan H.

155

Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 113 (2002) 223243 Energy balance closure at FLUXNET sites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 113 (2002) 223颅243 Energy balance closure at FLUXNET sites Kell, USA p Department of Forest Science and Resources, University of Tuscia, 1-01100 Viterbo, Italy q Abstract A comprehensive evaluation of energy balance closure is performed across 22 sites and 50 site

Cohen, Ronald C.

156

Energy balance properties of steels subjected to high cycle A. Chrysochoos1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

associated with the fatigue of a dual-phase steel often used in mechanical industries. This paper is composedEnergy balance properties of steels subjected to high cycle fatigue A. Chrysochoos1 , A. Blanche1 estimate the different terms of the energy balance associated with the high cycle fatigue (HCF) of steels

Paris-Sud XI, Universit茅 de

157

Balanced electronic detection of displacement in nanoelectromechanical K. L. Ekinci,a)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

describe a broadband radio frequency balanced bridge technique for electronic detection of displacement semiconductor NEMS and may provide benefits to other high frequency displacement transduction circuits. 2002 The balanced circuit shown in Fig. 1 b with a NEMS resonator on one side of the bridge and a ma

158

Development and application of material and energy balance regularities for renewable energy resources. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The characterization of renewable energy resources is necessary in order to make mass and energy balances for processes which use these substances. This work is concerned with the identification of regularities associated with organic compounds and renewable energy resources. The carbon weight fraction, the reductance degree or equivalents of available electrons per gram atom carbon, the heat of combustion per gram equivalent of available electrons, and the free energy of combustion per gram equivalent of available electrons are investigated. Values of these regularities are reported for organic compounds and renewable resources. 31 references, 4 figures, 48 tables.

Erickson, L.E.; Patel, S.A.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING, VOL. 15, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 2007 93 Spatial Energy Balancing Through Proactive  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IEEE/ACM TRANSACTIONS ON NETWORKING, VOL. 15, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 2007 93 Spatial Energy Balancing is on optimizing tradeoffs between the energy cost of spreading traffic and the improved spatial balance of energy and storage capabilities. We propose a parameterized family of energy balancing strategies and study

de Veciana, Gustavo

160

Fuzzy-Logic-Based Gain-Scheduling Control for State-of-Charge Balance of Distributed Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fuzzy-Logic-Based Gain-Scheduling Control for State-of-Charge Balance of Distributed Energy Storage, the control strategy used in the microgrid must take into account the stored energy balance between strategy based on fuzzy logic that ensures balanced stored energy among distributed energy storage units

Vasquez, Juan Carlos

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nems balances energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

The Energy Balance of Corn Ethanol: An Update. By Hosein Shapouri, James A. Duffield, and Michael Wang. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Office of the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;The Energy Balance of Corn Ethanol: An Update. By Hosein Shapouri, James A. Duffield.34. Keywords: Ethanol, net energy balance, corn production, energy. About the Authors Shapouri and Duffield . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 Energy Balance Issue

Laughlin, Robert B.

162

Comparative analysis of net energy balance for satellite power systems (SPS) and other energy systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The net energy balance of seven electric energy systems is assessed: two coal-based, one nuclear, two terrestrial solar, and two solar power satellites, with principal emphasis on the latter two systems. Solar energy systems require much less operating energy per unit of electrical output. However, on the basis of the analysis used here, coal and nuclear systems are two to five times more efficient at extracting useful energy from the primary resource base than are the solar energy systems. The payback period for all systems is less than 1.5 years, except for the terrestrial photovoltaic (19.8 yr) and the solar power satellite system (6.4 yr), both of which rely on energy-intensive silicon cells.

Cirillo, R.R.; Cho, B.S.; Monarch, M.R.; Levine, E.P.

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Isospin effects on the system size dependence of balance energy in heavy-ion collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the effect of isospin degree of freedom on balance energy throughout the mass range between 50 and 350 for two sets of isobaric systems with N/A = 0.5 and 0.58. Our fndings indicate that different values of balance energy for two isobaric systems may be mainly due to the Coulomb repulsion. We also demonstrate clearly the dominance of Coulomb repulsion over symmetry energy.

Sakshi Gautam; Aman D. Sood

2010-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

164

System size effects and N/Z dependence of balance energy for different isotopic series  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the N/Z dependence of energy of vanishing flow or balance energy for different isotopic series of various system masses like Ca+Ca, Ni+Ni, Zr+Zr, Sn+Sn and Xe+Xe. We find that balance energy decreases with N/Z of the system and follows a linear behaviour. The slope of N/Z dependence is steeper for lighter systems like Ca+Ca and less for heavier ones like Xe+Xe.

Aman D. Sood; Sakshi Gautam

2011-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

165

Role of colliding geometry on the N/Z dependence of balance energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the role of colliding geometry on the N/Z dependence of balance energy using isospin-dependent quantum molecular dynamics model. Our study reveals that the N/Z dependence of balance energy becomes much steeper for peripheral collisions as compared to the central collisions. We also study the effect of system mass on the impact parameter dependence of N/Z dependence of balance energy. The study shows that lighter systems shows greater sensitivity to colliding geometry towards the N/Z dependence.

Sakshi Gautam; Aman D. Sood; Rajeev K. Puri

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Wintertime high-altitude surface energy balance of a Bolivian glacier, Illimani, 6340 m above sea level  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wintertime high-altitude surface energy balance of a Bolivian glacier, Illimani, 6340 m above sea] The objective of this study is to evaluate the surface energy balance (SEB) of a cold, high-altitude tropical, high altitude, sublimation, turbulent fluxes, net all-wave radiation, energy balance Citation: Wagnon

Berthier, Etienne

167

Water, salt, and energy balances of the Dead Sea N. G. Lensky, Y. Dvorkin, and V. Lyakhovsky  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Water, salt, and energy balances of the Dead Sea N. G. Lensky, Y. Dvorkin, and V. Lyakhovsky these we calculate the energy and mass balances for the Dead Sea utilizing measured meteorological in previous studies, call for increased evaporation rate and are therefore not in line with the energy balance

Lyakhovsky, Vladimir

168

Testing above-and below-canopy representations of turbulent fluxes in an energy balance snowmelt model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Testing above- and below-canopy representations of turbulent fluxes in an energy balance snowmelt and latent heat are important processes in the surface energy balance that drives snowmelt. Modeling in an energy balance snowmelt model, Water Resour. Res., 49, doi:10.1002/wrcr.20073. 1. Introduction [2

Tarboton, David

169

Inclusion of a Drag Approach in the Town Energy Balance (TEB) Scheme: Offline 1D Evaluation in a Street Canyon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Inclusion of a Drag Approach in the Town Energy Balance (TEB) Scheme: Offline 1D Evaluation 2008) ABSTRACT The Town Energy Balance module bridges the micro- and mesoscale and simulates local-scale urban surface energy balance for use in mesoscale meteorological models. Previous offline evaluations

Ribes, Aur茅lien

170

National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Powerstories onFocus AreaDataBus Jump to:NSTARNamibia-UNEPProgrammesSystem

171

Balancing Peer and Server Energy Consumption in Large Peer-to-Peer File Distribution Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Balancing Peer and Server Energy Consumption in Large Peer-to-Peer File Distribution Systems}@swin.edu.au Abstract--Network induced energy consumption is a significant fraction of all ICT energy consumption. It is shown that using peer-to-peer and naively minimizing the transfer time results in energy consumption

Andrew, Lachlan

172

A Multi-objective Approach to Balance Buildings Construction Cost and Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The continuous rise of energy consumption is a global concern. On the one hand, energy is still mainly coming rate, estimated at around 40% of the total energy used worldwide. Surprisingly, the resulting carbonA Multi-objective Approach to Balance Buildings Construction Cost and Energy Efficiency 麓Alvaro

Hamadi, Yousseff

173

Role of isospin degree of freedom on the mass dependence of balance energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effect of isospin degree of freedom on balance energy and its mass dependence has been studied for the mass range between 50 and 350. Our results shows the dominance of Coulomb potential in isospin effects.

Sakshi Gautam; Aman D. Sood

2010-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

174

Estimation of land surface water and energy balance flux components and closure relation using conditional sampling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Models of terrestrial water and energy balance include numerical treatment of heat and moisture diffusion in the soil-vegetation-atmosphere continuum. These two diffusion and exchange processes are linked only at a few ...

Farhadi, Leila

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Quantifying the system balancing cost when wind energy is incorporated into electricity generation system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Incorporation of wind energy into the electricity generation system requires a detailed analysis of wind speed in order to minimize system balancing cost and avoid a significant mismatch between supply and demand. Power ...

Issaeva, Natalia

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Parameter estimation of coupled water and energy balance models based on stationary constraints of surface states  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

[1] We use a conditional averaging approach to estimate the parameters of a land surface water and energy balance model and then use the estimated parameters to partition net radiation into latent, sensible, and ground ...

Sun, Jian

177

Energy Balance Partitioning and Net Radiation Controls on Soil Moisture Precipitation Feedbacks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Balance Partitioning and Net Radiation Controls on Soil Moisture Precipitation Feedbacks Aubrey R. Jones and Nathaniel A. Brunsell* Department of Geography, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas Received 19 May 2008; accepted 14 January... 2009 ABSTRACT: A series of model runs using the University of Oklahoma抯 Advanced Regional Prediction System (ARPS) were conducted to investigate the relative impacts of energy balance partitioning and net radiation on soil moisture...

Jones, Aubrey R.; Brunsell, Nathaniel A.

2009-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

178

Impact parameter dependence of isospin effects on the mass dependence of balance energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the effect of isospin degree of freedom on the balance energy as well as its mass dependence throughout the mass range 48-270 for two sets of isobaric systems with N/Z = 1 and 1.4 using isospin-dependent quantum molecular dynamics (IQMD) model. Our fndings reveal the dominance of Coulomb repulsion in isospin effects on balance energy as well as its mass dependence throughout the range of the colliding geometry.

Sakshi Gautam; Aman D Sood

2010-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

179

Appendix E: Other NEMS-MP results for the base case and scenarios.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The NEMS-MP model generates numerous results for each run of a scenario. (This model is the integrated National Energy Modeling System [NEMS] version used for the Multi-Path Transportation Futures Study [MP].) This appendix examines additional findings beyond the primary results reported in the Multi-Path Transportation Futures Study: Vehicle Characterization and Scenario Analyses (Reference 1). These additional results are provided in order to help further illuminate some of the primary results. Specifically discussed in this appendix are: (1) Energy use results for light vehicles (LVs), including details about the underlying total vehicle miles traveled (VMT), the average vehicle fuel economy, and the volumes of the different fuels used; (2) Resource fuels and their use in the production of ethanol, hydrogen (H{sub 2}), and electricity; (3) Ethanol use in the scenarios (i.e., the ethanol consumption in E85 vs. other blends, the percent of travel by flex fuel vehicles on E85, etc.); (4) Relative availability of E85 and H2 stations; (5) Fuel prices; (6) Vehicle prices; and (7) Consumer savings. These results are discussed as follows: (1) The three scenarios (Mixed, (P)HEV & Ethanol, and H2 Success) when assuming vehicle prices developed through literature review; (2) The three scenarios with vehicle prices that incorporate the achievement of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) program vehicle cost goals; (3) The three scenarios with 'literature review' vehicle prices, plus vehicle subsidies; and (4) The three scenarios with 'program goals' vehicle prices, plus vehicle subsidies. The four versions or cases of each scenario are referred to as: Literature Review No Subsidies, Program Goals No Subsidies, Literature Review with Subsidies, and Program Goals with Subsidies. Two additional points must be made here. First, none of the results presented for LVs in this section include Class 2B trucks. Results for this class are included occasionally in Reference 1. They represent a small, though noticeable, segment of the 'LV plus 2B' market (e.g., a little more than 3% of today's energy use in that market). We generally do not include them in this discussion, simply because it requires additional effort to combine the NEMS-MP results for them with the results for the other LVs. (Where there is an exception, we will indicate so.) Second, where reference is made to E85, the ethanol content is actually 74%. The Energy Information Administration (EIA) assumes that, to address cold-starting issues, the percent of ethanol in E85 will vary seasonally. The EIA uses an annual average ethanol content of 74% in its forecasts. That assumption is maintained in the NEMS-MP scenario runs.

Plotkin, S. E.; Singh, M. K.; Energy Systems

2009-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

180

InAs/InAsSb strain balanced superlattices for optical detectors: Material properties and energy band simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

InAs/InAsSb strain balanced superlattices for optical detectors: Material properties and energyAs/InAsSb strain balanced superlattices for optical detectors: Material properties and energy band simulations D February 2012) InAsSb/InAs type II strain balanced superlattices lattice matched to GaSb have recently been

Krishna, Sanjay

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nems balances energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Harmonic propagation of variability in surface energy balance within a coupled soilvegetationatmosphere system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the incoming radiation or energy budget noise variability at the surface. Conversely, soil heat flux is shown on the influence of landsurface energy budget errors on the soilABL system. Other numerical studiesHarmonic propagation of variability in surface energy balance within a coupled

Gentine, Pierre

182

Modulation-Aware Energy Balancing in Hierarchical Wireless Sensor Networks1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modulation-Aware Energy Balancing in Hierarchical Wireless Sensor Networks1 Maryam Soltan, Inkwon becoming critical design concerns, a significant amount of research has focused on energy-aware design physical layer characteristics at the system deployment stage and analyzing the effects on spatial energy

Pedram, Massoud

183

John L Gaunt and Johannes Lehmann Energy balance and emissions associated with biochar sequestration and pyrolysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

S1 John L Gaunt and Johannes Lehmann Energy balance and emissions associated with biochar sequestration and pyrolysis bioenergy production Summary of tables Data are provided energy inputs (Mj ha-1) associated with bio-energy crop production, field harvesting operations, transportation and processing. #12;S

Lehmann, Johannes

184

RENORMALIZED ENERGY EQUIDISTRIBUTION AND LOCAL CHARGE BALANCE IN 2D COULOMB SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RENORMALIZED ENERGY EQUIDISTRIBUTION AND LOCAL CHARGE BALANCE IN 2D COULOMB SYSTEMS SIMONA ROTA of the "Coulomb renormalized energy" of Sandier-Serfaty, which corresponds to the total Coulomb interaction point charges with Coulomb pair interaction, in a con- fining potential (minimizers of this energy also

185

Balancing Energy and Water Consumption in an Urban Desert Environment: A Case  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Balancing Energy and Water Consumption in an Urban Desert Environment: A Case Study on Phoenix, AZ effect, water scarcity, and energy consumption. The transformation of native landscapes into built to cool homes. Identifying Direct and Indirect Costs of Water and Energy Consumption Study Area Although

Hall, Sharon J.

186

Reaction Plane and Beam Energy Dependence Of The Balance Function at RHIC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The balance function, which measures the correlation between opposite sign charge pairs, is sensitive to the mechanisms of charge formation and the subsequent relative diffusion of the balancing charges. The study of the balance function can provide information about charge creation time as well as the subsequent collective behavior of particles. In this paper, we present a reaction-plane-dependent balance function study for Au+Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{\\rm NN}}$ = 200 GeV and compare with results from recent three particle correlation measurements. We also report balance functions for relative pseudorapidity ($\\Delta \\eta$), relative rapidity ($\\Delta y$), and relative azimuthal angle ($\\Delta \\phi$) from the recent RHIC beam energy scan data.

Hui Wang; for the STAR collaboration

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Off-Balance Sheet Financing for Industrial Energy Efficiency Projects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Traditionally, energy efficiency projects have been financed by energy service companies (ESCOs) under a shared savings arrangement known as performance contracting. Essentially, performance contracting packages engineering, procurement...

Williams, S. J.

188

Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We argue that a primary focus on energy efficiency may not be sufficient to slow (and ultimately reverse) the growth in total energy consumption and carbon emissions. Instead, policy makers need to return to an earlier emphasis on"conservation," with energy efficiency seen as a means rather than an end in itself. We briefly review the concept of"intensive" versus"extensive" variables (i.e., energy efficiency versus energy consumption), and why attention to both consumption and efficiency is essential for effective policy in a carbon- and oil-constrained world with increasingly brittle energy markets. To start, energy indicators and policy evaluation metrics need to reflect energy consumption as well as efficiency. We introduce the concept of"progressive efficiency," with the expected or required level of efficiency varying as a function of house size, appliance capacity, or more generally, the scale of energy services. We propose introducing progressive efficiency criteria first in consumer information programs (including appliance labeling categories) and then in voluntary rating and recognition programs such as ENERGY STAR. As acceptance grows, the concept could be extended to utility rebates, tax incentives, and ultimately to mandatory codes and standards. For these and other programs, incorporating criteria for consumption as well as efficiency offers a path for energy experts, policy-makers, and the public to begin building consensus on energy policies that recognize the limits of resources and global carrying-capacity. Ultimately, it is both necessary and, we believe, possible to manage energy consumption, not just efficiency in order to achieve a sustainable energy balance. Along the way, we may find it possible to shift expectations away from perpetual growth and toward satisfaction with sufficiency.

Diamond, Rick; Harris, Jeff; Diamond, Rick; Iyer, Maithili; Payne, Christopher; Blumstein, Carl; Siderius, Hans-Paul

2007-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

189

A Boiler Plant Energy Efficiency and Load Balancing Survey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Daily energy use data was used to perform an energy efficiency survey of a medium-sized university boiler plant. The physical plant operates centralized mechanical plants to provide both chilled water and steam for building conditioning. Steam...

Nutter, D. W.; Murphy, D. R.

190

Federal Balanced Scorecard for FY 2010 | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomentheATLANTA, GA5 &ofDepartment of Energy OnDramatic energy8FED BSC FY

191

Federal Balanced Scorecard for FY 2012 | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomentheATLANTA, GA5 &ofDepartment of Energy OnDramatic energy8FED BSC

192

Smart Meters Help Balance Energy Consumption at Solar Decathlon |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomenthe House Committee on Energy andDepartment ofAn AudienceEnergy

193

Sensor Network Lifetime Maximization Via Sensor Energy Balancing: Construction and Optimal Scheduling of Sensor Trees  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in such a way that the total energy usage of the active sensor nodes in the tree is minimized. However whenSensor Network Lifetime Maximization Via Sensor Energy Balancing: Construction and Optimal Scheduling of Sensor Trees Ling Shi , Agostino Capponi , Karl H. Johansson and Richard M. Murray Abstract

Johansson, Karl Henrik

194

Natural Resources Research, Vol. 12, No. 2, June 2003 ( C 2003) Ethanol Fuels: Energy Balance, Economics,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

profits. In the U.S. ethanol system, considerably more energy, including high-grade fossil fuelNatural Resources Research, Vol. 12, No. 2, June 2003 ( C 2003) Ethanol Fuels: Energy Balance January 2003 Several studies suggest that the $1.4 billion in government subsidies are encouraging

Laughlin, Robert B.

195

Control and Size Energy Storage for Managing Energy balance of Variable Generation Resources  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents control algorithms and sizing strategies for using energy storage to manage energy balance for variable generation resources. The control objective is to minimize the hourly generation imbalance between the actual and the scheduled generation of the wind farm. Three control algorithms are compared: tracking power imbalance, post-compensation, and pre-compensation. Measurement data from a wind farm located in South-central Washington State are used in the study. The results show that tracking power imbalance yields the best performance by keeping the hourly energy imbalances zero. However, the energy storage system (ESS) will be significantly oversized. Post-compensation reduces power rating of the ESS but the hourly imbalance may not be kept as zero when large and long-lasting energy imbalances occur. A linear regression forecasting algorithm is developed for the pre-compensation algorithm to pre-charge or pre-discharge the ESS based on predicted energy imbalances. The performance comparison shows that the pre-compensation method significantly reduces the size of the ESS while maintaining satisfactory performance.

Ke, Xinda; Lu, Ning; Jin, Chunlian

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Striking a Balance Between Energy and the Environment in the Columbia River Basin California's Renewable Energy Policies and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Striking a Balance Between Energy and the Environment in the Columbia River Basin California's Renewable Energy Policies and Their Impact on the Northwest (Continued on page 2) Northwest Power. Hatchery 8 States Hope Prevention Programs Will Halt The Spread of Invasive Mussels 9 30 Years of Energy

197

FY 2007 Annual Uncosted Balances Report | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomentheATLANTA, GA5 &of EnergyOrganization (dollars in5 February 200567The

198

FY 2010 Annual Uncosted Balances Report | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomentheATLANTA, GA5 &of EnergyOrganization (dollarsControlState6State2 C C O

199

On the balance energy and nuclear dynamics in peripheral heavy-ion collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present here the system size dependence of balance energy for semi-central and peripheral collisions using quantum molecular dynamics model. For this study, the reactions of $Ne^{20}+Ne^{20}$, $Ca^{40}+Ca^{40}$, $Ni^{58}+Ni^{58}$, $Nb^{93}+Nb^{93}$, $Xe^{131}+Xe^{131}$ and $Au^{197}+Au^{197}$ are simulated at different incident energies and impact parameters. A hard equation of state along with nucleon-nucleon cross-sections between 40 - 55 mb explains the data nicely. Interestingly, balance energy follows a power law $\\propto{A^{\\tau}}$ for the mass dependence at all colliding geometries. The power factor $\\tau$ is close to -1/3 in central collisions whereas it is -2/3 for peripheral collisions suggesting stronger system size dependence at peripheral geometries. This also suggests that in the absence of momentum dependent interactions, Coulomb's interaction plays an exceedingly significant role. These results are further analyzed for nuclear dynamics at the balance point.

Rajiv Chugh; Rajeev K. Puri

2010-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

200

Energy balance of the atmosphere over the Gulf of Mexico  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

d'or Sub jest: Neteorolo~~ ENERGY HA~SHOE OF THE ATMOSP:ARK 07ER THE GULF OF MEXICO A Thesis HATHAB MOHRIS REISS Approvecl s. s to style encl content by: (Chai. oi' Committee) (Head of Departmen ember) , Member ) May 197O ABSTRACT ENERGY...Iexico for the period. 1 June 1962 through 31 May 1966 were used to investigate the atmospheric energy budget in the area of the Gulf of Mexico, as well as the field of' large-scale vertical motion. Mean monthly values for the divergence of the norizontal mass flux...

Reiss, Nathan Morris

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nems balances energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Entropy-energy balance in noisy quantum computers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use entropy-energy arguments to assess the limitations on the running time and on the system size, as measured in qubits, of noisy macroscopic circuit-based quantum computers.

Maxim Raginsky

2002-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

202

Smart Meters Help Balance Energy Consumption at Solar Decathlon  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Clouds, rain, thunderstorms at Solar Decathlon Village? Oh my, you may say. But less-than-ideal weather conditions are no match for this year's teams, thanks to smart grid technology that is helping them monitor their energy consumption.

203

Minimizing Wind Power Producer's Balancing Costs Using Electrochemical Energy Storage: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper examines how electrochemical energy storage can be used to decrease the balancing costs of a wind power producer in the Nordic market. Because electrochemical energy storage is developing in both technological and financial terms, a sensitivity analysis was carried out for the most important variables in the wind-storage hybrid system. The system was studied from a wind power producer's point of view. The main result is that there are no technical limitations to using storage for reducing the balancing costs. However, in terms of economic feasibility, installing hybrid wind-storage systems such as the one studied in this paper faces challenges in both the short and long terms.

Miettinen, J.; Tikka, V.; Lassila, J.; Partanen, J.; Hodge, B. M.

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

National Assessment of Energy Storage for Grid Balancing and Arbitrage: Phase 1, WECC  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To examine the role that energy storage could play in mitigating the impacts of the stochastic variability of wind generation on regional grid operation, the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) examined a hypothetical 2020 grid scenario in which additional wind generation capacity is built to meet renewable portfolio standard targets in the Western Interconnection. PNNL developed a stochastic model for estimating the balancing requirements using historical wind statistics and forecasting error, a detailed engineering model to analyze the dispatch of energy storage and fast-ramping generation devices for estimating size requirements of energy storage and generation systems for meeting new balancing requirements, and financial models for estimating the life-cycle cost of storage and generation systems in addressing the future balancing requirements for sub-regions in the Western Interconnection. Evaluated technologies include combustion turbines, sodium sulfur (Na-S) batteries, lithium ion batteries, pumped-hydro energy storage, compressed air energy storage, flywheels, redox flow batteries, and demand response. Distinct power and energy capacity requirements were estimated for each technology option, and battery size was optimized to minimize costs. Modeling results indicate that in a future power grid with high-penetration of renewables, the most cost competitive technologies for meeting balancing requirements include Na-S batteries and flywheels.

Kintner-Meyer, Michael CW; Balducci, Patrick J.; Colella, Whitney G.; Elizondo, Marcelo A.; Jin, Chunlian; Nguyen, Tony B.; Viswanathan, Vilayanur V.; Zhang, Yu

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY, VOL. XX, NO. X, DECEMBER 2007 1 Spatial Model for Energy Burden Balancing and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

this problem we consider how one might achieve a more balanced energy burden across the network by spreading their locations to balance the energy burdens incurred across the network nodes [1]. As shown in Fig. 1IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY, VOL. XX, NO. X, DECEMBER 2007 1 Spatial Model for Energy

de Veciana, Gustavo

206

A Novel Shifting Balance Theory-based Approach to Optimization of an Energy-Constrained Modulation Scheme for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Novel Shifting Balance Theory-based Approach to Optimization of an Energy-Constrained Modulation is inspired by Wright's shifting balance theory (SBT) of evolution in population ge- netics. The total energy Abstract-- This paper presents a new approach to optimiza- tion of an energy-constrained modulation scheme

Arslan, Tughrul

207

Contractor Purchasing Balanced Scorecard for 2013 | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power Systems EngineeringDepartmentSmart GridThird Quarter Overall Contract andOakSavannah7.25)433

208

Contractor Purchasing Balanced Scorecard for 2014 | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of Energy Power Systems EngineeringDepartmentSmart GridThird Quarter Overall Contract

209

Dependence of balance energy on isospin degrees of freedom  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using the isospin-dependent quantum molecular dynamics model we study the isospin effects on the disappearance of flow for the reactions of 58Ni+58Ni and 58Fe+58Fe as a function of impact parameter. We found good agreement between our calculations and experimentally measured energy of vanishing flow at all colliding geometries. Our calculations reproduce the experimental data within 5%(10%) at central (peripheral) colliding geometries.

S. Gautam; Aman D. Sood; Rajeev K. Puri; Ch. Hartnack; J. Aichelin

2010-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

210

Balance-of-System Equipment Required for Renewable Energy Systems |  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy UsageAUDITVehicles 禄 Alternative FuelNewsWashingtonAudits &Department of

211

Contractor Purchasing Balanced Scorecard for FY 2012 | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartmentTieCelebrate EarthEnergy Contractor Performance Assessment

212

BalancedScorecardPerfAndMeth.pdf | Department of Energy  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy UsageAUDITVehiclesTankless orA BRIEFApril 2015

213

DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY PROCUREMENT SYSTEM FY 2002 BALANCED SCORECARD : |  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy UsageAUDITVehiclesTankless orAChiefAppropriation FY 2012 FY 2013

214

FY 2011 Annual Uncosted Balances Report | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProvedDecember 2005DepartmentDecember U.S. Department- EnronAnnual

215

FY 2012 Annual Uncosted Balances Report | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProvedDecember 2005DepartmentDecember U.S. Department- EnronAnnualBudget 禄 FY

216

Extreme Balance of System Hardware Cost Reduction | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review:Department of Energyand Review of Infrastructure Projects:Systems Integration 禄

217

A Role for CEACAM2 in the Central Control of Energy Balance and Peripheral Insulin Action  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; statistical analysis; obtained funding; study supervision. Conflict of Interest: Authors declareA Role for CEACAM2 in the Central Control of Energy Balance and Peripheral Insulin Action Garrett: study concept and design; acquisition of data; analysis and interpretation of data; statistical analysis

Toledo, University of

218

Energy balance and water use in a subtropical karst woodland on the Edwards Plateau, Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy balance and water use in a subtropical karst woodland on the Edwards Plateau, Texas J and Crop Sciences, Texas A&M University, 2474 TAMU, College Station, TX 77843-2474, United States b Natural Resources Conservation Service, 625 Miramontes St., Suite 103, Half Moon Bay, CA 94019-1925, United States c

Schwinning, Susan - Department of Biology, Texas State University

219

Use of First Law Energy Balance as a Screening Tool for Building Energy Use Data: Experiences on the Inclusion of Outside Air Enthalpy Variable  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quality controlled energy-use data is the foundation of energy performance evaluation for a building. The Energy Balance Load (EBL), a parameter derived from the first law of thermodynamics based on a whole-building energy analysis, has been...

Masuda, H.; Ji, J.; Baltazar, J. C.; Claridge, D. E.

220

Global estimation of evapotranspiration using a leaf area index-based surface energy and water balance model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

using Advanced Very High Res- olution Radiometer Lai data, Climate Research Unit climate dataGlobal estimation of evapotranspiration using a leaf area index-based surface energy and water-relative-humidity-based two-source (ARTS) E model that simulates the surface energy balance, soil water balance

Martin, Timothy

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nems balances energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 58, NO. 6, JULY 2009 2909 On Balancing Energy Consumption in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 58, NO. 6, JULY 2009 2909 On Balancing Energy--Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) require protocols that make judicious use of the limited energy capacity of the sensor nodes. In this paper, the potential performance improve- ment gained by balancing the traffic

Boutaba, Raouf

222

Balancing Performance, Energy, and Quality in Pervasive Computing Jason Flinn, SoYoung Park, and M. Satyanarayanan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Balancing Performance, Energy, and Quality in Pervasive Computing Jason Flinn, SoYoung Park, and M is self-tuning: it monitors both application resource usage and the availability of resources this determination, Spectra balances the competing goals of performance, energy conservation, and application quality

Satyanarayanan, Mahadev "Satya"

223

Balancing Performance, Energy, and Quality in Pervasive Computing Jason Flinn +# , SoYoung Park + , and M. Satyanarayanan +#  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Balancing Performance, Energy, and Quality in Pervasive Computing Jason Flinn +# , SoYoung Park compute servers. Spectra is self璽uning: it monitors both application resource usage and the availability. In making this determination, Spectra balances the competing goals of performance, energy conservation

Flinn, Jason

224

Average balance equations, scale dependence, and energy cascade for granular materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new averaging method linking discrete to continuum variables of granular materials is developed and used to derive average balance equations. Its novelty lies in the choice of the decomposition between mean values and fluctuations of properties which takes into account the effect of gradients. Thanks to a local homogeneity hypothesis, whose validity is discussed, simplified balance equations are obtained. This original approach solves the problem of dependence of some variables on the size of the averaging domain obtained in previous approaches which can lead to huge relative errors (several hundred percentages). It also clearly separates affine and nonaffine fields in the balance equations. The resulting energy cascade picture is discussed, with a particular focus on unidirectional steady and fully developed flows for which it appears that the contact terms are dissipated locally unlike the kinetic terms which contribute to a nonlocal balance. Application of the method is demonstrated in the determination of the macroscopic properties such as volume fraction, velocity, stress, and energy of a simple shear flow, where the discrete results are generated by means of discrete particle simulation.

Riccardo Artoni; Patrick Richard

2015-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

225

Impact parameter dependence of the isospin effects and mass dependence of balance energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the effect of isospin degree of freedom on the balance energy (E$_{bal}$) as well as its mass dependence throughout the mass range for two different sets of isobaric systems with N/Z = 1 and 1.4 at different colliding geometries ranging from the central to peripheral ones. Our findings reveal the dominance of Coulomb repulsion in isospin effects on E$_{bal}$ as well as its mass dependence throughout the range of the colliding geometry. Our results also indicate that the effect of symmetry energy on the energy of vanishing flow is uniform throughout the mass range and throughout the colliding geometry.

Sakshi Gautam

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

226

System size effects in the N/Z dependence of balance energy for isotopic series  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the system size effects in the N/Z dependence of balance energy for the isotopic series. We find drastic effect of symmetry energy on the N/Z dependence of E$_{bal}$ throughout the mass range. We also find that the N/Z dependence of E$_{bal}$ for isotopic series of lighter system is slightly more sensitive to symmetry energy as compared to that of heavier systems. We also study the mass dependence of E$_{bal}$ for the N/Z range from 1.0-2.0. We find that the mass dependence of E$_{bal}$ varies with the N/Z ratio.

Sakshi Gautam; Aman Deep Sood

2011-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

227

Role of colliding geometry on the balance energy of mass-asymmetric systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the role of colliding geometry on the balance energy (Ebal) of mass-asymmetric systems by varying the mass asymmetry ({\\eta} = AT - Ap/AT + AP, where AT and AP are the masses of the target and projectile, respectively) from 0.1 to 0.7, over the mass range 40-240 and on the mass dependence of the balance energy. Our findings reveal that colliding geometry has a significant effect on the Ebal of asymmetric systems. We find that, as we go from central collisions to peripheral ones, the effect of mass asymmetry on Ebal increases throughout the mass range. Interestingly, we find that for every fixed system mass (Atot) the effect of the impact parameter variation is almost uniform throughout the mass-asymmetry range. For each {\\eta}, Ebal follows a power-law behavior (\\propto A{\\tau}) at all colliding geometries

Supriya Goyal

2011-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

228

N/Z dependence of balance energy as the probe of symmetry energy in heavy-ion collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the N/Z dependence of balance energy (E$_{bal}$) for isotopic series of Ca having N/Z varying from 1.0 to 2.0. We show that the N/Z dependence of E$_{bal}$ is sensitive to symmetry energy and its density dependence at densities higher than saturation density and is insensitive towards the isospin dependence of nucleon-nucleon cross section

Sakshi Gautam; Aman D. Sood; Rajeev K. Puri

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

229

Surface heterogeneity impacts on boundary layer dynamics via energy balance partitioning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy balance partitioning N. A. Brunsell1, D. B. Mechem1, and M. C. Anderson2 1Dept. of Geography, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS, USA 2Hydrology and Remote Sensing Laboratory, USDA. Beltsville, MD, USA Received: 22 June 2010 Published in Atmos... responsible for altering surface heat and moisture fluxes. Twelve coupled land surface large eddy simulation scenarios with four different length scales of surface variability under three different horizontal wind speeds are used in the analysis. The base...

Brunsell, Nathaniel A.; Mechem, David B.; Anderson, M. C.

2011-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

230

Energy Balance in the Solar Transition Region. IV. Hydrogen and Helium Mass Flows With Diffusion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we have extended our previous modeling of energy balance in the chromosphere-corona transition region to cases with particle and mass flows. The cases considered here are quasi-steady, and satisfy the momentum and energy balance equations in the transition region. We include in all equations the flow velocity terms and neglect the partial derivatives with respect to time. We present a complete and physically consistent formulation and method for solving the non-LTE and energy balance equations in these situations, including both particle diffusion and flows of H and He. Our results show quantitatively how mass flows affect the ionization and radiative losses of H and He, thereby affecting the structure and extent of the transition region. Also, our computations show that the H and He line profiles are greatly affected by flows. We find that line shifts are much less important than the changes in line intensity and central reversal due to the effects of flows. In this paper we use fixed conditions at the base of the transition region and in the chromosphere because our intent is to show the physical effects of flows and not to match any particular observations. However, we note that the profiles we compute can explain the range of observed high spectral and spatial resolution Lyman alpha profiles from the quiet Sun. We suggest that dedicated modeling of specific sequences of observations based on physically consistent methods like those presented here will substantially improve our understanding of the energy balance in the chromosphere and corona.

J. M. Fontenla; E. H. Avrett; R. Loeser

2001-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

231

JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 87, NO. C12, PAGES 9667-9674, NOVEMBER 20, 1982 Sensitivity of an Annual Mean Diffusive Energy Balance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of an Annual Mean Diffusive Energy Balance Model With an Ice Sheet KENNETH P. BOWMAN GeophysicalFluid Dynamics averaged energy balance models have received muchattentionsincethey were introducedby Budyko[1969. For a review of energy balance models and a discussionof albedo feedback, see North et al. [1981]. Models have

232

A new diagram of the global energy balance Martin Wild, Doris Folini, Christoph Schr, Norman Loeb, Ellsworth G. Dutton et al.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new diagram of the global energy balance Martin Wild, Doris Folini, Christoph Sch盲r, Norman Loeb://proceedings.aip.org/about/rights_permissions #12;A New Diagram of the Global Energy Balance Martin Wilda , Doris Folinia , Christoph Sch盲ra of the global mean energy balance, adapted from the study by Wild et al. (2013) [1] with two slight

Fischlin, Andreas

233

844 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PLASMA SCIENCE, VOL. 34, NO. 3, JUNE 2006 Energy Balance and Plasma Potential in Low-Density  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

844 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PLASMA SCIENCE, VOL. 34, NO. 3, JUNE 2006 Energy Balance and Plasma, and Zoltan Sternovsky Abstract--Electron energy balance is shown to play an impor- tant role in determining that satisfy the energy balance equation. The ion loss rate af- fects the electron loss rate through the quasi

Kaganovich, Igor

234

The fluctuation energy balance in non-suspended fluid-mediated particle transport  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Here we compare two extreme regimes of non-suspended fluid-mediated particle transport, transport in light and heavy fluids ("saltation" and "bedload", respectively), regarding their particle fluctuation energy balance. From direct numerical simulations, we surprisingly find that the ratio between collisional and fluid drag dissipation of fluctuation energy is significantly larger in saltation than in bedload, even though the contribution of interparticle collisions to transport of momentum and energy is much smaller in saltation due to the low concentration of particles in the transport layer. We conclude that the much higher frequency of high-energy particle-bed impacts ("splash") in saltation is the cause for this counter-intuitive behavior. Moreover, from a comparison of these simulations to Particle Tracking Velocimetry measurements which we performed in a wind tunnel under steady transport of fine and coarse sand, we find that turbulent fluctuations of the flow produce particle fluctuation energy at an ...

P鋒tz, Thomas; Ho, Tuan-Duc; Valance, Alexandre; Kok, Jasper F

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PNNL). 2005. 揑ndicators of Energy Intensity in the Unitedan extensive variable; the energy intensity of the economy,cited most often, site energy intensity (energy per unit of

Harris, Jeffrey; Diamond, Rick; Iyer, Maithili; Payne, Christopher; Blumstein, Carl; Siderius, Hans-Paul

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Detailed Balance Condition and Effective Free Energy in the Primitive Chain Network Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider statistical mechanical properties of the primitive chain network (PCN) model for entangled polymers from its dynamic equations. We show that the dynamic equation for the segment number of the PCN model does not reduce to the standard Langevin equation which satisfies the detailed balance condition. We propose heuristic modifications for the PCN dynamic equation for the segment number, to make it reduce to the standard Langevin equation. We analyse some equilibrium statistical properties of the modified PCN model, by using the effective free energy obtained from the modified PCN dynamic equations. The PCN effective free energy can be interpreted as the sum of the ideal Gaussian chain free energy and the repulsive interaction energy between slip-links. By using the single chain approximation, we calculate several distribution functions of the PCN model. The obtained distribution functions are qualitatively different from ones for the simple slip-link model without any direct interactions between slip-links.

Takashi Uneyama; Yuichi Masubuchi

2011-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

237

Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

E Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings. WashingtonE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings. WashingtonStudy on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, American Council

Harris, Jeff

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the Federal Trade Commission Energy Labeling, ProjectTrade Commission (FTC) EnergyGuide comparison label and the ENERGYFederal Trade Commission (FTC). 2006. Appliance Energy Data.

Harris, Jeffrey; Diamond, Rick; Iyer, Maithili; Payne, Christopher; Blumstein, Carl; Siderius, Hans-Paul

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

step to help us manage energy consumption in response toenergy consumption rather than energy efficiency can help ushistory of the U.S. consumption of energy, water, beverage

Harris, Jeff

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1999 Aspen/Pitkin Energy Conservation Code, as Amendments toand the Return of Energy Conservation Jeffrey Harris, Rickand the Return of Energy Conservation Jeffrey Harris,

Harris, Jeffrey; Diamond, Rick; Iyer, Maithili; Payne, Christopher; Blumstein, Carl; Siderius, Hans-Paul

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nems balances energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1999 Aspen/Pitkin Energy Conservation Code, as Amendments toFederal Regulations, (2002). Energy Conservation Program forand the Return of Energy Conservation Jeffrey Harris, Rick

Harris, Jeff

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

ARM Energy Balance Bowen Ratio (EBBR) station: surf. heat flux and related data, 30-min  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

The Energy Balance Bowen Ratio (EBBR) system produces 30-min estimates of the vertical fluxes of sensible and latent heat at the local surface. Flux estimates are calculated from observations of net radiation, soil surface heat flux, and the vertical gradients of temperature and relative humidity. Meteorological data collected by the EBBR are used to calculate bulk aerodynamic fluxes, which are used in the Bulk Aerodynamic Technique (BA) EBBR value-added product (VAP) to replace sunrise and sunset spikes in the flux data. A unique aspect of the system is the automatic exchange mechanism (AEM), which helps to reduce errors from instrument offset drift.

Cook, David

243

The role of heat storage in the soil in the energy balance of a greenhouse  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Oepartvient y I'a/Tiber I l'lay 1978 ABSTRACT THE ROLE OF HEPT STORAGE IN THE SOIi IN THE ENERGY BALANCE OF A GREENHOUSE. (Hay 1978) Edward John Sadler, B. S. , University of Hissouri Chairman of Advisory Committee: Or. C . H . ii. van Bavel A number o... f simulation models of greenhouses have been developed, but the authors differ in their opinion of the significance of the heat, storaae and its effects on the physical environment ins. ide the greenhouse. These opinions are reflected...

Sadler, Edward John

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Striking a Balance Between Energy and the Environment in the Columbia River Basin Regional Power Plan Touts Efficiency to Meet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Striking a Balance Between Energy and the Environment in the Columbia River Basin Regional Power equivalent of the power use of a city the size of Seattle. Over time, the energy- efficiency target, to meet future demand. The plan's target for the first five years, 1,200 average megawatts, is the energy

245

Pyrolysis and gasification of meat-and-bone-meal: Energy balance and GHG accounting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: GHG savings are in the order of 6001000 kg CO{sub 2}-eq. per Mg of MBM treated. Energy recovery differed in terms of energy products and efficiencies. The results were largely determined by use of the products for energy purposes. - Abstract: Meat-and-bone-meal (MBM) produced from animal waste has become an increasingly important residual fraction needing management. As biodegradable waste is routed away from landfills, thermo-chemical treatments of MBM are considered promising solution for the future. Pyrolysis and gasification of MBM were assessed based on data from three experimental lab and pilot-scale plants. Energy balances were established for the three technologies, providing different outcomes for energy recovery: bio-oil was the main product for the pyrolysis system, while syngas and a solid fraction of biochar were the main products in the gasification system. These products can be used eventually after upgrading for energy production, thereby offsetting energy production elsewhere in the system. Greenhouse gases (GHG) accounting of the technologies showed that all three options provided overall GHG savings in the order of 6001000 kg CO{sub 2}-eq. per Mg of MBM treated, mainly as a consequence of avoided fossil fuel consumption in the energy sector. Local conditions influencing the environmental performance of the three systems were identified, together with critical factors to be considered during decision-making regarding MBM management.

Cascarosa, Esther [Thermochemical Processes Group, Arag髇 Institute for Engineering Research (I3A), Universidad de Zaragoza (Spain); Boldrin, Alessio, E-mail: aleb@env.dtu.dk [Department of Environmental Engineering. Technical University of Denmark, Kongens Lyngby (Denmark); Astrup, Thomas [Department of Environmental Engineering. Technical University of Denmark, Kongens Lyngby (Denmark)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

246

Modularization and simulation techniques for heat balance-based energy and load calculation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Loads Toolkit research project is to obtain a heat balance based load calculation procedure that

Richard K. Strand

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Recycling Guide: Reduce, Reuse, Recycle Recycling Information Call 301-496-7990 or visit the NEMS Website at http://www.nems.nih.gov  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recycling Guide: Reduce, Reuse, Recycle Recycling Information 颅 Call 301-496-7990 or visit the NEMS in COMMINGLED bin Rinse food/beverage containers before recycling No Pyrex or Styrofoam Printer and Copier Toner Cartridges in TONER CARTRIDGE bin Recycle packaging material in appropriate bin NIH charities

Baker, Chris I.

248

Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy consumption can mean real sacrifice for many in the developing worldconsumption along with energy efficiency can also help energy experts, policy-makers, and the public begin to acknowledge a worldconsumption, rather than energy efficiency, should be the main focus of energy policy in a resource-constrained and carbon-burdened world.

Harris, Jeff

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy consumption can mean real sacrifice for many in the developing worldconsumption along with energy efficiency can also help energy experts, policy-makers, and the public begin to acknowledge a worldconsumption, rather than energy efficiency, should be the main focus of energy policy in a resource-constrained and carbon-burdened world.

Harris, Jeffrey; Diamond, Rick; Iyer, Maithili; Payne, Christopher; Blumstein, Carl; Siderius, Hans-Paul

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

step to help us manage energy consumption in response toenergy consumption rather than energy efficiency can help usEnergy Consumption, Rating Score, and House Size. Washington D.C. : U.S.

Harris, Jeffrey; Diamond, Rick; Iyer, Maithili; Payne, Christopher; Blumstein, Carl; Siderius, Hans-Paul

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of steel, or M J of energy per dollar of GDP. The currentCommercial sector energy per dollar of GDP declinedmeasured by energy use per unit of GDP, is an intensive

Harris, Jeff

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Towards a Sustainable Energy Balance: Progressive Efficiency and the Return of Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ton of steel, or MJ of energy per dollar of GDP. The current2 Commercial sector energy per dollar of GDP declinedmeasured by energy use per unit of GDP, is an intensive

Harris, Jeffrey; Diamond, Rick; Iyer, Maithili; Payne, Christopher; Blumstein, Carl; Siderius, Hans-Paul

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Role of Isospin Degree of freedom on the impact parameter dependence of balance energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For this study we have simulated the 28Ni58+28Ni58 and 26Fe58+26Fe58 systems at incident energies ranging from 45 MeV/nucleon to 105 MeV/nucleon by using soft equation of state. The geometry of reactions chosen are = b/bmax = 0.2, 0.4, 0.5, 0.6, and 0.7.The Px/A is becoming more positive for neutron - rich system 26Fi58 as compared to neutron-poor system 28Ni58. This point towards the higher value of balance energy for 26Fi58 system. Further study in this direction is ongoing.

Dolly Sood; Sanjeev Kumar; Suneel Kumar; Rajeev K. Puri

2010-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

254

Influence of momentum-dependent interactions on balance energy and mass dependence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We aim to study the role of momentum-dependent interactions in transverse flow as well as in its disappearance. For the present study, central collisions involving mass between 24 and 394 are considered. We find that momentum-dependent interactions have different impact in lighter colliding nuclei compared to heavier colliding nuclei. In lighter nuclei, the contribution of mean field towards the flow is smaller compared to heavier nuclei where binary nucleon-nucleon collisions dominate the scene. The inclusion of momentum-dependent interactions also explains the energy of vanishing flow in $^{12}C+^{12}C$ reaction which was not possible with the static equation of state. An excellent agreement of our theoretical attempt is found for balance energy with experimental data throughout the periodic table.

Aman D. Sood; Rajeev K. Puri

2010-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

255

U.S. Regional Demand Forecasts Using NEMS and GIS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Administration. 2004a. Annual Energy Outlook 2004. U.S.Assumptions of the Annual Energy Outlook 2004. DOE/EIA-0554(and Definitions AEO Annual Energy Outlook ArcGIS - ESRI

Cohen, Jesse A.; Edwards, Jennifer L.; Marnay, Chris

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

The fluctuation energy balance in non-suspended fluid-mediated particle transport  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Here we compare two extreme regimes of non-suspended fluid-mediated particle transport, transport in light and heavy fluids ("saltation" and "bedload", respectively), regarding their particle fluctuation energy balance. From direct numerical simulations, we surprisingly find that the ratio between collisional and fluid drag dissipation of fluctuation energy is significantly larger in saltation than in bedload, even though the contribution of interparticle collisions to transport of momentum and energy is much smaller in saltation due to the low concentration of particles in the transport layer. We conclude that the much higher frequency of high-energy particle-bed impacts ("splash") in saltation is the cause for this counter-intuitive behavior. Moreover, from a comparison of these simulations to Particle Tracking Velocimetry measurements which we performed in a wind tunnel under steady transport of fine and coarse sand, we find that turbulent fluctuations of the flow produce particle fluctuation energy at an unexpectedly high rate in saltation even under conditions for which the effects of turbulence are usually believed to be small.

Thomas P鋒tz; Orencio Dur醤; Tuan-Duc Ho; Alexandre Valance; Jasper F. Kok

2015-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

257

Role of asymmetry of the reaction and momentum dependent interactions on the balance energy for neutron rich nuclei  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a systematic study of disappearance of flow i.e. balance energy $E_{bal}$ for an isotopic series of Ca with N/Z varying from 1 to 2 for different density dependences of symmetry energies. We also extend this study for asymmetric reactions having radioactive projectile and stable target.

Aman D. Sood

2011-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

258

Two-Layer Baroclinic Eddy Heat Fluxes: Zonal Flows and Energy Balance ANDREW F. THOMPSON AND WILLIAM R. YOUNG  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Two-Layer Baroclinic Eddy Heat Fluxes: Zonal Flows and Energy Balance ANDREW F. THOMPSON of these drag- less heat-flux parameterizations relies on the ability of to direct energy into zonal flows, California (Manuscript received 27 September 2006, in final form 13 December 2006) ABSTRACT The eddy heat

Young, William R.

259

Nuclear dynamics at the balance energy of mass asymmetric colliding nuclei  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using the quantum molecular dynamics model, we study the nuclear dynamics at the balance energy of mass asymmetric colliding nuclei by keeping the total mass of the system fixed as 40, 80, 160, and 240. The calculations are performed by varying the mass asymmetry ($\\eta$ = $\\frac{A_{T}-A_{P}}{A_{T}+A_{P}}$; where $A_{T}$ and $A_{P}$ are the masses of the target and projectile, respectively) of the reaction from 0.1 to 0.7. In particular, we study the various quantities like average and maximum density, collision rate, participant-spectator matter, anisotropic ratio, relative momentum as well as their mass asymmetry and mass dependence. We find sizeable effects of mass asymmetry on these quantities. Our results indicate that the mass dependence of various quantities increases slightly with increase in $\\eta$.

Supriya Goyal

2011-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

260

Analysis and Representation of Miscellaneous Electric Loads in NEMS -  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"Click worksheet9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,,781Title: Telephone:shortOil and Natural Gas AEO2015Energy

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nems balances energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Frequency Stabilization in Nonlinear MEMS and NEMS Oscillators | Argonne  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing ZirconiaPolicyFeasibilityFieldMinds"Office | Department- Energy

262

Estimation of Building Parameters Using Simplified Energy Balance Model and Metered Whole Building Energy Use  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to the difference between the total energy entering and leaving the system. That is, CV entering leaving air cond sol occ E C H E E E Q Q Q Q Q E E ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? (1) where Qair, Qcond, Qsol, Qocc, and QE are building heat load components from air... is defined as (Shao, 2006): BL E C H E C H air cond sol occ E Q E E fE E E Q Q Q Q ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? (2) where EE is the metered whole-building non-cooling electricity use. The multiplicative factor f represents a fraction of EE which...

Masuda, H.; Claridge, D.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

JUNE 2002 311S H M A K I N E T A L . Global Modeling of Land Water and Energy Balances. Part III  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

JUNE 2002 311S H M A K I N E T A L . Global Modeling of Land Water and Energy Balances. Part III of basin discharge. 1. Introduction Global models of land water and energy balance can provide information 44 large river basins for which relatively accurate time series of monthly precipitation (a primary

264

European Journal of Cancer Prevention, vol.8, 1999, Corpet & Gerber, Energy balance and cancer 77 European Journal of Cancer Prevention 1999, 8, 77-89 Author's version  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

European Journal of Cancer Prevention, vol.8, 1999, Corpet & Gerber, Energy balance and cancer 77 European Journal of Cancer Prevention 1999, 8, 77-89 Author's version REVIEW Energy balance and cancers M overweight, have been recognized as risk factors for the development of cancers. Human epidemiological

Boyer, Edmond

265

Transient Climate Response in a Two-Layer Energy-Balance Model. Part I: Analytical Solution and Parameter Calibration Using CMIP5 AOGCM Experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

analyzing the global thermal properties of atmosphere颅ocean coupled general circulation models (AOGCMs perturbation, some EBMs assume that the thermal energy balance of the climate system is only expressedTransient Climate Response in a Two-Layer Energy-Balance Model. Part I: Analytical Solution

Ribes, Aur茅lien

266

Benefit of Regional Energy Balancing Service on Wind Integration in the Western Interconnection of the United States  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Interest in various wide-area balancing schemes to help integrate wind have generated significant interest. As we have shown in past work, large balancing areas not only help with wind integration, but can also increase the efficiency of operations in systems without wind. Recent work on the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS) has found that combining balancing over the WestConnect footprint will increase the efficiency of commitment and dispatch at wind penetrations ranging from 10-20% of annual electricity demand, and will be essential for high penetrations and small balancing areas. In addition the Northwest Wind Integration Action Plan recommended balancing area cooperation as a method to help integrate the large potential wind development. In this paper we investigate the potential impact of a proposed Energy Imbalance Service on the ability of the non-market portions of Western Electricity Coordinating Councils (WECC) United States footprint to integrate wind energy. We will utilize data adapted from the WWSIS for the Western Interconnection. The analysis uses time-synchronized wind and load data to evaluate the potential for ramp requirement reduction that could be achieved with combined operation. Chronological analysis and ramp duration analysis quantify the benefit in terms of not only the ramp sizes, but the frequency of the potentially avoided ramps that must be managed by the non-wind generation fleet. Multiple approaches that can be used to achieve these benefits will also be suggested in the paper. We also suggest other approaches that can help achieve much of the benefit of full consolidation without requiring the physical consolidation of balancing areas.

Milligan, M.; Kirby, B.; King, J.; Beuning, S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Post-Tanner stages of droplet spreading: the energy balance approach revisited  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The spreading of a circular liquid drop on a solid substrate can be described by the time evolution of its base radius R(t). In complete wetting the quasistationary regime (far away from initial and final transients) typically obeys the so-called Tanner law, with R t^alpha_T, alpha_T=1/10. Late-time spreading may differ significantly from the Tanner law: in some cases the drop does not thin down to a molecular film and instead reaches an equilibrium pancake-like shape; in other situations, as revealed by recent experiments with spontaneously spreading nematic crystals, the growth of the base radius accelerates after the Tanner stage. Here we demonstrate that these two seemingly conflicting trends can be reconciled within a suitably revisited energy balance approach, by taking into account the line tension contribution to the driving force of spreading: a positive line tension is responsible for the formation of pancake-like structures, whereas a negative line tension tends to lengthen the contact line and induces an accelerated spreading (a transition to a faster power law for R(t) than in the Tanner stage).

Serguei Mechkov; Anne-Marie Cazabat; Gleb Oshanin

2009-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

268

Large and small-scale structures and the dust energy balance problem in spiral galaxies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The interstellar dust content in galaxies can be traced in extinction at optical wavelengths, or in emission in the far-infrared. Several studies have found that radiative transfer models that successfully explain the optical extinction in edge-on spiral galaxies generally underestimate the observed FIR/submm fluxes by a factor of about three. In order to investigate this so-called dust energy balance problem, we use two Milky Way-like galaxies produced by high-resolution hydrodynamical simulations. We create mock optical edge-on views of these simulated galaxies (using the radiative transfer code SKIRT), and we then fit the parameters of a basic spiral galaxy model to these images (using the fitting code FitSKIRT). The basic model includes smooth axisymmetric distributions along a S\\'ersic bulge and exponential disc for the stars, and a second exponential disc for the dust. We find that the dust mass recovered by the fitted models is about three times smaller than the known dust mass of the hydrodynamical in...

Saftly, W; De Geyter, G; Camps, P; Renaud, F; Guedes, J; De Looze, I

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Design of Refractory Linings for Balanced Energy Efficiency, Uptime, and Capacity in Lime Kilns  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The rotary kilns used by the pulp and paper industry to regenerate lime in the Kraft process are very energy intensive. Throughout the 90 s, in response to increasing fuel prices, the industry used back up insulation in conjunction with the high alumina brick used to line the burning zones of their kilns. While this improved energy efficiency, the practice of installing insulating brick behind the working lining increased the inner wall temperatures. In the worst case, due to the increased temperatures, rapid brick failures occurred causing unscheduled outages and expensive repairs. Despite these issues, for the most part, the industry continued to use insulating refractory linings in that the energy savings were large enough to offset any increase in the cost of maintaining the refractory lining. Due to the dramatic decline in the price of natural gas in some areas combined with mounting pressures to increasing production of existing assets, over the last decade, many mills are focusing more on increasing the uptime of their kilns as opposed to energy savings. To this end, a growing number of mills are using basic (magnesia based) brick instead of high alumina brick to line the burning zone of the kiln since the lime mud does not react with these bricks at the operating temperatures of the burning zone of the kiln. In the extreme case, a few mills have chosen to install basic brick in the front end of the kiln running a length equivalent to 10 diameters. While the use of basic brick can increase the uptime of the kiln and reduce the cost to maintain the refractory lining, it does dramatically increase the heat losses resulting from the increased operating temperatures of the shell. Also, over long periods of time operating at these high temperatures, damage can occur in the shell. There are tradeoffs between energy efficiency, capacity and uptime. When fuel prices are very high, it makes sense to insulate the lining. When fuel prices are lower, trading some thermal efficiency for increased uptime and capacity seems reasonable. This paper considers a number of refractory linings in an effort to develop optimized operating strategies that balance these factors. In addition to considering a range of refractory materials, the paper examines other factors such as the chain area, discharge dams and other operating variables that impact the service life of the refractory lining. The paper provides recommendations that will help mill personnel develop a strategy to select a refractory lining that is optimized for their specific situation.

Gorog, John Peter [ORNL; Hemrick, James Gordon [ORNL; Walker, Harold [Refratechnik North America, Inc.; Leary, William R [ORNL; Ellis, Murray [Australian Paper, Co.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Appendix C: Map of NEMS Electricity Market Module Regions  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProved Reserves (Billion CubicCubic Feet)Year Jan FebForeign Distribution66 U.S. U.S.

271

Numerical power balance and free energy loss analysis for solar cells including optical, thermodynamic, and electrical aspects  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method for analyzing the power losses of solar cells is presented, supplying a complete balance of the incident power, the optical, thermodynamic, and electrical power losses and the electrical output power. The involved quantities have the dimension of a power density (units: W/m{sup 2}), which permits their direct comparison. In order to avoid the over-representation of losses arising from the ultraviolet part of the solar spectrum, a method for the analysis of the electrical free energy losses is extended to include optical losses. This extended analysis does not focus on the incident solar power of, e.g., 1000?W/m{sup 2} and does not explicitly include the thermalization losses and losses due to the generation of entropy. Instead, the usable power, i.e., the free energy or electro-chemical potential of the electron-hole pairs is set as reference value, thereby, overcoming the ambiguities of the power balance. Both methods, the power balance and the free energy loss analysis, are carried out exemplarily for a monocrystalline p-type silicon metal wrap through solar cell with passivated emitter and rear (MWT-PERC) based on optical and electrical measurements and numerical modeling. The methods give interesting insights in photovoltaic (PV) energy conversion, provide quantitative analyses of all loss mechanisms, and supply the basis for the systematic technological improvement of the device.

Greulich, Johannes, E-mail: johannes.greulich@ise.fraunhofer.de; H鰂fler, Hannes; W黵fel, Uli; Rein, Stefan [Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems, Heidenhofstr. 2, D-79110 Freiburg (Germany)

2013-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

272

Balancing energy conservation and occupant needs in ventilation rate standards for Big Box stores and other commercial buildings in California: Issues related to the ASHRAE 62.1 Indoor Air Quality Procedure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Achieving IAQ and Energy Conservation Goals with ASHRAEBalancingenergy燾onservation燼nd爋ccupant爊eeds爄n牋500-99-013 Balancing energy conservation and occupant needs

Mendell, Mark

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Can the post-Newtonian gravitational waveform of an inspiraling binary be improved by solving the energy balance equation numerically?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The detection of gravitational waves from inspiraling compact binaries using matched filtering depends crucially on the availability of accurate template waveforms. We determine whether the accuracy of the templates' phasing can be improved by solving the post-Newtonian energy balance equation numerically, rather than (as is normally done) analytically within the post-Newtonian perturbative expansion. By specializing to the limit of a small mass ratio, we find evidence that there is no gain in accuracy.

Wolfgang Tichy; Eanna E. Flanagan; Eric Poisson

1999-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

274

Robust energy transfer mechanism and critically balanced turbulence via non-resonant triads in nonlinear wave systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A robust energy transfer mechanism is found in nonlinear wave systems, which favours transfers towards modes interacting via non-resonant triads, applicable in meteorology, nonlinear optics and plasma wave turbulence. Transfer efficiency is maximal when the frequency mismatch of the non-resonant triad balances the system's nonlinear frequency: at intermediate levels of oscillation amplitudes an instability is triggered that explores unstable manifolds of periodic orbits, so turbulent cascades are most efficient at intermediate nonlinearity. Numerical simulations confirm analytical predictions.

Miguel D. Bustamante; Brenda Quinn

2013-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

275

Modeling of battery energy storage in the National Energy Modeling System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) developed by the U.S. Department of Energy`s Energy Information Administration is a well-recognized model that is used to project the potential impact of new electric generation technologies. The NEMS model does not presently have the capability to model energy storage on the national grid. The scope of this study was to assess the feasibility of, and make recommendations for, the modeling of battery energy storage systems in the Electricity Market of the NEMS. Incorporating storage within the NEMS will allow the national benefits of storage technologies to be evaluated.

Swaminathan, S.; Flynn, W.T.; Sen, R.K. [Sentech, Inc., Bethesda, MD (United States)

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Application of energy and angular momentum balance to gravitational radiation reaction for binary systems with spin-orbit coupling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study gravitational radiation reaction in the equations of motion for binary systems with spin-orbit coupling, at order (v/c)^7 beyond Newtonian gravity, or O(v/c)^2 beyond the leading radiation reaction effects for non-spinning bodies. We use expressions for the energy and angular momentum flux at infinity that include spin-orbit corrections, together with an assumption of energy and angular momentum balance, to derive equations of motion that are valid for general orbits and for a class of coordinate gauges. We show that the equations of motion are compatible with those derived earlier by a direct calculation.

Jing Zeng; Clifford M. Will

2007-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

277

NEM modication prevents high-anity ATP binding to the rst nucleotide binding fold of the sulphonylurea receptor, SUR1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NEM modi垄cation prevents high-a陇nity ATP binding to the 垄rst nucleotide binding fold, UK Received 7 July 1999; received in revised form 11 August 1999 Abstract Pancreatic LL-cell ATP WWM 8-azido- [KK-32 P]ATP or 8-azido-[QQ-32 P]ATP was inhibited by NEM with Ki of 1.8 WWM and 2.4 WWM

Tucker, Stephen J.

278

The Effects of Great Plains Irrigation on the Surface Energy Balance, Regional Circulation, and Precipitation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the net radiation at the surface, channeling that energy into additional latent heat flux, which increases convective available potential energy and provides downstream convective systems with additional energy and moisture. Most noteworthy in this study...

Huber, David B.; Brunsell, Nathaniel A.; Mechem, David B.

2014-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

279

Balancing Cost and Risk: The Treatment of Renewable Energy in Western Utility Resource Plans  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EIA). 2005. 揂nnual Energy Outlook 2005 with Projections toSpecifically, the EIA抯 Annual Energy Outlook 2005 (AEOFor example, in its Annual Energy Outlook 2005, the EIA

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

NV Energy Solar Integration Study: Cycling and Movements of Conventional Generators for Balancing Services  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With an increasing penetration level of solar power in the southern Nevada system, the impact of solar on system operations needs to be carefully studied from various perspectives. Qualitatively, it is expected that the balancing requirements to compensate for solar power variability will be larger in magnitude; meanwhile, generators providing load following and regulation services will be moved up or down more frequently. One of the most important tasks is to quantitatively evaluate the cycling and movements of conventional generators with solar power at different penetration levels. This study is focused on developing effective methodologies for this goal and providing a basis for evaluating the wear and tear of the conventional generators

Diao, Ruisheng; Lu, Shuai; Etingov, Pavel V.; Ma, Jian; Makarov, Yuri V.; Guo, Xinxin

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nems balances energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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281

Absorption of a single 500 fs laser pulse at the surface of fused silica: Energy balance and ablation efficiency  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ablation of fused silica by a single femtosecond laser pulse of 500 fs pulse duration is investigated from the perspective of efficiency of incident photons to remove matter. We measure the reflected and transmitted fractions of the incident pulse energy as a function of fluence, allowing us to recover the evolution of absorption at the material surface. At the ablation threshold fluence, 25% of incident energy is absorbed. At high fluences, this ratio saturates around 70% due to the appearance of a self-triggered plasma mirror (or shielding) effect. By using the energy balance retrieved experimentally and measurements of the ablated volume, we show that the amount of absorbed energy is far above the bonding energy of fused silica at rest and also above the energy barrier to ablate the material under non-equilibrium thermodynamic conditions. Our results emphasize the crucial role of transient plasma properties during the laser pulse and suggest that the major part of the absorbed energy has been used to heat the plasma formed at the surface of the material. A fluence range yielding an efficient and high quality ablation is also defined, which makes the results relevant for femtosecond micromachining processes.

Varkentina, N.; Sanner, N.; Lebugle, M.; Sentis, M.; Ut閦a, O. [Aix-Marseille Universit, CNRS, LP3 UMR 7341, 13288 Marseille (France)] [Aix-Marseille Universit, CNRS, LP3 UMR 7341, 13288 Marseille (France)

2013-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

282

Heterogeneous Modulation for Trading-off Energy Balancing with Bandwidth Efficiency in Hierarchical Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

research has focused on energy efficient design in different levels of network protocol stack, much less

Pedram, Massoud

283

A method based on transverse energy balance of jets for selection of direct photons and fragmentation photons in high energy pp collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Direct photons are important probes in high energy collisions. They play an important role in determining the parton distribution function directly inside a proton as well as the nature of the matter formed in heavy ion collisions. However fragmentation photons play the role of prominent background in identifying the direct photons. In the present work we developed a new method based on the transverse energy balance of jets for enrichment of direct photon candidates in pp collisions. This method can reject 35% of the background photons (fragmentation) which can not be suppressed by isolation. Efficiency of detection of direct photon decrease by 10% in the method.

Mriganka Mouli Mondal; Subhasis Chattopadhyay

2009-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

284

FY 2008 & FY 2009 Annual Uncosted Balances Report | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomentheATLANTA, GA5 &of EnergyOrganization (dollars in5Statistical467This

285

JouleSort: A Balanced Energy-Efficiency Benchmark Suzanne Rivoire  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and scalability. As data centers house more servers and consume more energy, removing heat from the data center power consumption [28]. For mobile devices, battery capacity and energy use di- rectly affect usability. Battery capacity determines how long devices last, constrains form factors, and limits functional- ity

Kozyrakis, Christos

286

Balance of Power: Energy Management for Server Clusters Je rey S. Chase  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are often cited as a major source of increases in energy consumption, particu- larly in the US. Scientists recently stated that the Internet accounts for 8 of US elec- tricity consumption". Although the actual gure de- partment at Duke University. signi cant energy consumers in the US and globally. Moreover

287

E-Print Network 3.0 - automatic spatially-adaptive balancing...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

balancing Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Automatic Spatially-Adaptive Balancing of Energy Terms for Image Segmentation Summary: Automatic Spatially-Adaptive Balancing of Energy Terms...

288

Water and Energy Sustainability: A Balance of Government Action and Industry Innovation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

By completing the tasks and subtasks of the project, the Ground Water Protection Council (GWPC) through its state regulatory agency members and oil and gas industry partners, will bring attention to water quality and quantity issues and make progress toward water and energy sustainability though enhanced water protection and conservation thus enhancing the viability of the domestic fossil fuel industry. The project contains 4 major independent Tasks. Task 1 - Work Plan: Water-Energy Sustainability: A Symposium on Resource Viability. Task 2 - Work Plan: A Regional Assessment of Water and Energy Sustainability. Task 3 - Work Plan: Risk Based Data Management System-Water Water and Energy Module. Task 4 - Work Plan: Identification and Assessment of States Regulatory Programs Regarding Geothermal Heating and Cooling Systems. Each task has a specific scope (details given).

Ben Grunewald

2009-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

289

Energy watchers IV. Energy, economics and environment: Imperatives realities, and balance and Pacific Basin Demand and downstream activities: Is Middle East supply the answer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since 1974, the International Research Center for Energy and Economic Development (ICEED) has been holding annual international energy conferences that seek to bring together the public and private sectors from the United States and overseas in order to facilitate the exchange of views and information. The nineteenth annual international energy sessions on [open quotes]Energy, Economics, and Environment: Imperatives, Realities, and Balance,[close quotes] opened April 21, 1992. The goal was to look at the complex linkage between energy and the environment that cannot be decoupled in the near to medium future. The thirteenth annual international area conference, held from April 23-24, 1992, reflected appreciation and acknowledgement of the primacy of the Arabian/Persian Gulf in international energy trade. The area theme, [open quotes]Pacific Basin Demand and Downstream Activities: Is Middle East Supply the Answer ,[close quotes] was premised on the solidification of trade blocs globally and on these two regions which represent the major areas of growth in energy demand and petroleum supply, respectively. Issues addressed in the papers presented included the impact on the world oil sector of these demand and supply zones in the direction of upstream and downstream investment, the approaches and instruments that may be initiated or honed in terms of joint ventures and supply arrangements in the 1990s, and the possibility that the former USSR will become an energy land bridge between the Pacific Basin and Europe.

El Mallakh, D.H. (ed.)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Balancing Cost and Risk: The Treatment of Renewable Energy in Western Utility Resource Plans  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Markets for renewable energy have historically been motivated primarily by policy efforts, but a less widely recognized driver is poised to also play a major role in the coming years: utility integrated resource planning (IRP). Resource planning has re-emerged in recent years as an important tool for utilities and regulators, particularly in regions where retail competition has failed to take root. In the western United States, the most recent resource plans contemplate a significant amount of renewable energy additions. These planned additions--primarily coming from wind power--are motivated by the improved economics of wind power, a growing acceptance of wind by electric utilities, and an increasing recognition of the inherent risks (e.g., natural gas price risk, environmental compliance risk) in fossil-based generation portfolios. This report examines how twelve western utilities treat renewable energy in their recent resource plans. In aggregate, these utilities supply approximately half of all electricity demand in the western United States. Our purpose is twofold: (1) to highlight the growing importance of utility IRP as a current and future driver of renewable energy, and (2) to identify methodological/modeling issues, and suggest possible improvements to methods used to evaluate renewable energy as a resource option. Here we summarize the key findings of the report, beginning with a discussion of the planned renewable energy additions called for by the twelve utilities, an overview of how these plans incorporated renewables into candidate portfolios, and a review of the specific technology cost and performance assumptions they made, primarily for wind power. We then turn to the utilities' analysis of natural gas price and environmental compliance risks, and examine how the utilities traded off portfolio cost and risk in selecting a preferred portfolio.

Bolinger, Mark; Wiser, Ryan

2005-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

291

Galaxy Formation and Evolution. II. Energy Balance, Star Formation and Feed-back  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we present a critical discussion of the algorithms commonly used in N-body simulations of Galaxy Formation to deal with the energy equation governing heating and cooling, to model star formation and the star formation rate, and to account for energy feed-back from stars. First, we propose our technique for solving the energy equation in presence of heating and cooling, which includes some difference with respect to the standard semi-implicit technique. Second, we examine the current criteria for the onset of the star formation activity. We suggest a new approach, in which star formaiton is let depend on the total mass density - baryonic (gas and stars) and dark matter - of the system and on the metal-dependent cooling efficiency. Third, we check and discuss the separate effects of energy (and mass) feed-back from several sources - namely supernovae, stellar winds from massive stars, and UV flux from the same objects. All the simulations are performed in the framework of the formation and evolution of a disk galaxy. We show that the inclusion of these physical phenomena has a signigicant impact on the evolution of the galaxy model.

Fulvio Buonomo; Giovanni Carraro; Cesare Chiosi; Cesario Lia

1999-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

292

An Attracting Jormungand Climate State for an Energy Balance Model with Ice Line Coupling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

evidence exists indicating continental ice sheets flowed into the ocean near the equator during. A planet is warmed by incoming solar radiation (or insolation), while it loses heat energy through the emission of outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) to space. The extent to which the surface and clouds reflect

Wilmer, Elizabeth

293

Renormalized energy equidistribution and local charge balance in 2D Coulomb systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider two related problems: the first is the minimization of the "Coulomb renormalized energy" of Sandier-Serfaty, which corresponds to the total Coulomb interaction of point charges in a uniform neutralizing background (or rather variants of it). The second corresponds to the minimization of the Hamiltonian of a two-dimensional "Coulomb gas" or "one-component plasma", a system of n point charges with Coulomb pair interaction, in a confining potential (minimizers of this energy also correspond to "weighted Fekete sets"). In both cases we investigate the microscopic structure of minimizers, i.e. at the scale corresponding to the interparticle distance. We show that in any large enough microscopic set, the value of the energy and the number of points are "rigid" and completely determined by the macroscopic density of points. In other words, points and energy are "equidistributed" in space (modulo appropriate scalings). The number of points in a ball is in particular known up to an error proportional to the radius of the ball. We also prove a result on the maximal and minimal distances between points. Our approach involves fully exploiting the minimality by reducing to minimization problems with fixed boundary conditions posed on smaller subsets.

Simona Rota Nodari; Sylvia Serfaty

2014-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

294

Nuclear dynamics at balance energy for the neutron-rich systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the system size dependence of the participant and spectator matter at the energy of vanishing flow for systems having N/Z ratios as 1.0, 1.6 and 2.0. We see a nearly mass independent behaviour of the participant/spectator matter for all the N/Z ratios.

Sakshi Gautam

2011-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

295

Balance of Power: Energy Management for Server Clusters Jeffrey S. Chase  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

consensus that higher levels of CO 2 and other gases are responsible for global tem perature increases over the last century, and present a significant risk of further global warming over the next century [2]. Under in the Computer Science de partment at Duke University. significant energy consumers in the US and globally

296

Direct control of the small-scale energy balance in 2D fluid dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We explore the direct modification of the pseudo-spectral truncation of 2D, incompressible fluid dynamics to maintain a prescribed kinetic energy spectrum. The method provides a means of simulating fluid states with defined spectral properties, for the purpose of matching simulation statistics to given information, arising from observations, theoretical prediction or high fidelity simulation. In the scheme outlined here, Nos\\'e-Hoover thermostats, commonly used in molecular dynamics, are introduced as feedback controls applied to energy shells of the Fourier-discretized Navier-Stokes equations. As we demonstrate in numerical experiments, the dynamical properties (quantified using autocorrelation functions) are only modestly perturbed by our device, while ensemble dispersion is significantly enhanced in comparison with simulations of a corresponding truncation incorporating hyperviscosity.

Frank, Jason; Myerscough, Keith

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Ex Ante Appraisal Carbon-Balance Tool (EX-ACT) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating Solar Power Basics (TheEtelligence (Smart Grid Project) JumpEnergyEvanston,EarthEx

298

Alternatives for balanced production of fibers, chemicals, and energy from wood  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Increased oil prices and shortage of fossil materials have recently focused interest on the possibilities of conversion of wood to various forms of fuels and chemicals. It is to be expected that new approaches are emerging from the totality of the research effort now in progress. However, irrespective of this, the function of wood as a construction material and a source for fibers presumably remains unchanged or even becomes more important in the future. In regard to the principal pulping methods for production of fibers, no abrupt changes in current practices are probable, apart from important progress in energy saving. In a very favorable situation of the kraft process, when surplus energy generated from the burning of black liquor is availiable, a partial recovery of dissolved organic solids, such as lignin and carbohydrates and their degradation products, becomes more attractive. Quite different is the case of the conventional sulfite process when evaporation and burning of the spent liquor result in severe air pollution. Successful recovery, conversion, and marketing of the dissolved solids can then be the only way to compensate for the expense of using external fuel. Alternatives for production of organic chemicals from kraft and sulfite spent liquors are discussed by taking into consideration the fiber production, composition of dissolved solids, energy requirements, pollution problems, and recovery of inorganic pulping chemicals. 11 references, 10 figures, 5 tables

Sjoestroem, E.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

N/Z and N/A dependence of balance energy as a probe of symmetry energy in heavy-ion collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the N/Z and N/A dependence of balance energy (E$_{bal}$) for isotopic series of Ca having N/Z (N/A) varying from 1.0 to 2.0 (0.5 to 0.67). We show that the N/Z (N/A) dependence of E$_{bal}$ is sensitive to symmetry energy and its density dependence at densities higher than saturation density and is insensitive towards the isospin dependence of nucleon-nucleon (nn) cross section and Coulomb repulsion. We also study the effect of momentum dependent interactions (MDI) on the N/Z (N/A) dependence of E$_{bal}$. We find that although MDI influences the E$_{bal}$ drastically, the N/Z (N/A) dependence of E$_{bal}$ remains unchanged on inclusion of MDI.

Aman D. Sood

2011-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

300

Microsoft Word - Energy balancing rate settlement signals commitment to work on broader solutions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces andMappingENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTApproved:GEORGEICReduced Form SSRL0 13

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nems balances energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Time-resolved characterization and energy balance analysis of implosion core in shock-ignition experiments at OMEGA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Time-resolved temperature and density conditions in the core of shock-ignition implosions have been determined for the first time. The diagnostic method relies on the observation, with a streaked crystal spectrometer, of the signature of an Ar tracer added to the deuterium gas fill. The data analysis confirms the importance of the shell attenuation effect previously noted on time-integrated spectroscopic measurements of thick-wall targets [R. Florido et al., Phys. Rev. E 83, 066408 (2011)]. This effect must be taken into account in order to obtain reliable results. The extracted temperature and density time-histories are representative of the state of the core during the implosion deceleration and burning phases. As a consequence of the ignitor shock launched by the sharp intensity spike at the end of the laser pulse, observed average core electron temperature and mass density reach T???1100?eV and ????2?g/cm{sup 3}; then temperature drops to T???920?eV while density rises to ????3.4?g/cm{sup 3} about the time of peak compression. Compared to 1D hydrodynamic simulations, the experiment shows similar maximum temperatures and smaller densities. Simulations do not reproduce all observations. Differences are noted in the heating dynamics driven by the ignitor shock and the optical depth time-history of the compressed shell. Time-histories of core conditions extracted from spectroscopy show that the implosion can be interpreted as a two-stage polytropic process. Furthermore, an energy balance analysis of implosion core suggests an increase in total energy greater than what 1D hydrodynamic simulations predict. This new methodology can be implemented in other ICF experiments to look into implosion dynamics and help to understand the underlying physics.

Florido, R., E-mail: ricardo.florido@ulpgc.es; Mancini, R. C.; Nagayama, T. [Department of Physics, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada 89557 (United States); Tommasini, R. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Delettrez, J. A.; Regan, S. P. [Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14623 (United States)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

302

On the Sensitivity of Atmospheric Model Implied Ocean Heat Transport to the Dominant Terms of the Surface Energy Balance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The oceanic meridional heat transport (T{sub o}) implied by an atmospheric General Circulation Model (GCM) can help evaluate a model's readiness for coupling with an ocean GCM. In this study we examine the T{sub o} from benchmark experiments of the Atmospheric Model Intercomparison Project, and evaluate the sensitivity of T{sub o} to the dominant terms of the surface energy balance. The implied global ocean TO in the Southern Hemisphere of many models is equatorward, contrary to most observationally-based estimates. By constructing a hybrid (model corrected by observations) T{sub o}, an earlier study demonstrated that the implied heat transport is critically sensitive to the simulated shortwave cloud radiative effects, which have been argued to be principally responsible for the Southern Hemisphere problem. Systematic evaluation of one model in a later study suggested that the implied T{sub o} could be equally as sensitive to a model's ocean surface latent heat flux. In this study we revisit the problem with more recent simulations, making use of estimates of ocean surface fluxes to construct two additional hybrid calculations. The results of the present study demonstrate that indeed the implied T{sub o} of an atmospheric model is very sensitive to problems in not only the surface net shortwave, but the latent heat flux as well. Many models underestimate the shortwave radiation reaching the surface in the low latitudes, and overestimate the latent heat flux in the same region. The additional hybrid transport calculations introduced here could become useful model diagnostic tests as estimates of implied ocean surface fluxes are improved.

Gleckler, P J

2004-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

303

1, 1739, 2007 Glacier balance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

integrates water and energy balance factors to exhibit a maximum climate change signaling effect (IPCC, 1996 (South Cascade Glacier) in the lower 48 United States with ongoing measurements. Regional variationTCD 1, 17颅39, 2007 Glacier balance measurement, forecasting M. S. Pelto Title Page Abstract

Paris-Sud XI, Universit茅 de

304

Exploring the concept of compressed air energy storage (CAES) in lined rock caverns at shallow depth: A modeling study of air tightness and energy balance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents a numerical modeling study of coupled thermodynamic, multiphase fluid flow and heat transport associated with underground compressed air energy storage (CAES) in lined rock caverns. Specifically, we explored the concept of using concrete lined caverns at a relatively shallow depth for which constructing and operational costs may be reduced if air tightness and stability can be assured. Our analysis showed that the key parameter to assure long-term air tightness in such a system was the permeability of both the concrete lining and the surrounding rock. The analysis also indicated that a concrete lining with a permeability of less than 110{sup -18} m{sup 2} would result in an acceptable air leakage rate of less than 1%, with the operational pressure range between 5 and 8 MPa at a depth of 100 m. It was further noted that capillary retention properties and the initial liquid saturation of the lining were very important. Indeed, air leakage could be effectively prevented when the air-entry pressure of the concrete lining is higher than the operational air pressure and when the lining is kept moist at a relatively high liquid saturation. Our subsequent energy-balance analysis demonstrated that the energy loss for a daily compression and decompression cycle is governed by the air-pressure loss, as well as heat loss by conduction to the concrete liner and surrounding rock. For a sufficiently tight system, i.e., for a concrete permeability off less than 110{sup -18} m{sup 2}, heat loss by heat conduction tends to become proportionally more important. However, the energy loss by heat conduction can be minimized by keeping the air-injection temperature of compressed air closer to the ambient temperature of the underground storage cavern. In such a case, almost all the heat loss during compression is gained back during subsequent decompression. Finally, our numerical simulation study showed that CAES in shallow rock caverns is feasible from a leakage and energy efficiency viewpoint. Our numerical approach and energy analysis will next be applied in designing and evaluating the performance of a planned full-scale pilot test of the proposed underground CAES concept.

Kim, H.-M.; Rutqvist, J.; Ryu, D.-W.; Choi, B.-H.; Sunwoo, C.; Song, W.-K.

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

305

Impacts of Modeled Recommendations of the National Commission on Energy Policy  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This report provides the Energy Information Administration's analysis of those National Commission on Energy Policy (NCEP) energy policy recommendations that could be simulated using the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS).

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION California Energy Commission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ASSOCIATION, AND THE VOTE SOLAR INITIATIVE FOR SOCIETAL COST-BENEFIT EVALUATION OF CALIFORNIA'S NET ENERGY undertake a study of the societal costs and benefits ofthe net energy metering ("NEM") program authorized, CALIFORNIA CENTER FOR SUSTAINABLE ENERGY, CALIFORNIA ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE ALLIANCE, CALIFORNIA SOLAR ENERGY

307

Energy Efficiency Indicators Methodology Booklet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

P. Paris: IEA 2007b. Energy Balances of Non-OECD Countries:Energy燘alance..燼t a level of an energy balance are necessary to develop

Sathaye, Jayant

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

The National Energy Modeling System: An overview 1998  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) is a computer-based, energy-economy modeling system of US energy markets for the midterm period through 2020. NEMS projects the production, imports, conversion, consumption, and prices of energy, subject to assumptions on macroeconomic and financial factors world energy markets, resource availability and costs, behavior and technological choice criteria, cost and performance characteristics of energy technologies, and demographics. This report presents an overview of the structure and methodology of NEMS and each of its components. The first chapter provides a description of the design and objectives of the system, followed by a chapter on the overall modeling structure and solution algorithm. The remainder of the report summarizes the methodology and scope of the component modules of NEMS. The model descriptions are intended for readers familiar with terminology from economics, operations research, and energy modeling. 21 figs.

NONE

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

The National Energy Modeling System: An overview  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) is a computer-based, energy-economy modeling system of US energy markets for the midterm period of 1990 to 2010. NEMS projects the production, imports, conversion, consumption, and prices of energy, subject to assumptions on macroeconomic and financial factors, world energy markets, resource availability and costs, behavioral and technological choice criteria, cost and performance characteristics of energy technologies, and demographics. This report presents an overview of the structure and methodology of NEMS and each of its components. The first chapter provides a description of the design and objectives of the system. The second chapter describes the modeling structure. The remainder of the report summarizes the methodology and scope of the component modules of NEMS. The model descriptions are intended for readers familiar with terminology from economics, operations research, and energy modeling. Additional background on the development of the system is provided in Appendix A of this report, which describes the EIA modeling systems that preceded NEMS. More detailed model documentation reports for all the NEMS modules are also available from EIA.

Not Available

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Natural gas transmission and distribution model of the National Energy Modeling System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Model (NGTDM) is the component of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) that is used to represent the domestic natural gas transmission and distribution system. NEMS was developed in the Office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting of the Energy Information Administration (EIA). NEMS is the third in a series of computer-based, midterm energy modeling systems used since 1974 by the EIA and its predecessor, the Federal Energy Administration, to analyze domestic energy-economy markets and develop projections. From 1982 through 1993, the Intermediate Future Forecasting System (IFFS) was used by the EIA for its analyses, and the Gas Analysis Modeling System (GAMS) was used within IFFS to represent natural gas markets. Prior to 1982, the Midterm Energy Forecasting System (MEFS), also referred to as the Project Independence Evaluation System (PIES), was employed. NEMS was developed to enhance and update EIA`s modeling capability by internally incorporating models of energy markets that had previously been analyzed off-line. In addition, greater structural detail in NEMS permits the analysis of a broader range of energy issues. The time horizon of NEMS is the midterm period (i.e., through 2015). In order to represent the regional differences in energy markets, the component models of NEMS function at regional levels appropriate for the markets represented, with subsequent aggregation/disaggregation to the Census Division level for reporting purposes.

NONE

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Exploring the concept of compressed air energy storage (CAES) in lined rock caverns at shallow depth: A modeling study of air tightness and energy balance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

wind- diesel-compressed air energy storage system for remotestudy for the compressed air energy storage technology bydesign of compressed air energy storage electric power

Kim, H.-M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Exploring the concept of compressed air energy storage (CAES) in lined rock caverns at shallow depth: A modeling study of air tightness and energy balance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Progress in electrical energy storage system: a criticalcurrent and future energy storage technologies for electricwind- diesel-compressed air energy storage system for remote

Kim, H.-M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Self Supplied Balancing Reserves  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmitted forHighlights NuclearSelf-Supplied-Balancing-Reserves Sign In About |

314

Work/Life Balance  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert SouthwestTechnologies | Blandine Jerome Careers at WIPPCompletesWork/Life Balance

315

Frequency Stabilization in Non-linear MEMS and NEMS Oscillators (IN-11-087)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing ZirconiaPolicyFeasibilityFieldMinds"Office | Department- Energy Innovation

316

Greenhouse Gas Initiatives - Analysis of McCain-Lieberman Bill S.280 慣he ClimateStewardship and Innovation Act of 2007 Using the National Energy Modeling System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and prices, and the technologies and market mechanisms that are likely to be employed to reduce CO2 emissions. The paper also reports on the results of analysis of GHG bills performed by SAIC using the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). NEMS...

Ellsworth, C.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Massive stars and the energy balance of the ISM. I. The impact of an isolated 60 Msun star  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present results of numerical simulations carried out with a 2D radiation hydrodynamics code in order to study the impact of massive stars on their surrounding interstellar medium. This first paper deals with the evolution of the circumstellar gas around an isolated 60 Msun star. The interaction of the photoionized HII region with the stellar wind bubble forms a variety of interesting structures like shells, clouds, fingers, and spokes. These results demonstrate that complex structures found in HII regions are not necessarily relics from the time before the gas became ionized but may result from dynamical processes during the course of the HII region evolution. We have also analyzed the transfer and deposit of the stellar wind and radiation energy into the circumstellar medium until the star explodes as a supernova. Although the total mechanical wind energy supplied by the star is negligible compared to the accumulated energy of the Lyman continuum photons, the kinetic energy imparted to the circumstellar gas over the star's lifetime is 4 times higher than for a comparable windless simulation. Furthermore, the thermal energy of warm photoionized gas is lower by some 55%. Our results document the necessity to consider both ionizing radiation and stellar winds for an appropriate description of the interaction of OB stars with their circumstellar environment.

Tim Freyer; Gerhard Hensler; Harold W. Yorke

2003-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

318

Contacts to WTE operators in Austria using the Balance-Method to label the electricity generated  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; - Temperature of the feed water; - Energy efficiency of the boiler. A European patent on the Balance

Szmolyan, Peter

319

Experiences on the Implementation of the 'Energy Balance' Methodology as a Data Quality Control Tool: Application to the Building Energy Consumption of a Large University Campus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As the energy costs have been increasing the more energy efficient measures have been promoted in the buildings sector, the reliability of energy consumption data has been attracting significant attention. For example, the reliability...

Baltazar-Cervantes, J. C.; Sakurai, Y.; Masuda, H.; Feinauer, D.; Liu, J.; Ji, J.; Claridge, D. E.; Deng, S.; Bruner, H.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

The initial conditions of isolated star formation. V: ISOPHOT imaging and the temperature and energy balance of pre-stellar cores  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ISO data taken with the long-wavelength imaging photo-polarimeter ISOPHOT are presented of 18 pre-stellar cores at three far-infrared wavelengths - 90, 170 and 200 microns. Most of the cores are detected clearly at 170 and 200 but only one is detected strongly at 90 microns, indicating that mostly they are very cold, with typical temperatures of only 10-20K. Colour temperature images are constructed for each of the cores. Most of the cores are seen to be either isothermal, or to have associated temperature gradients from the core centres to their edges, with all except one being cooler at the centre. We compare the data with previous ISOCAM absorption data and calculate the energy balance for those cores in common between the two samples. We find that the energy radiated by each core in the far-IR is similar to that absorbed at shorter wavelengths. Hence there is no evidence for a central heating source in any of the cores - even those for which previous evidence for core contraction exists. This is all consistent with external heating of the cores by the local interstellar radiation field, confirming their pre-stellar nature.

D. Ward-Thompson; P. Andre; J. M. Kirk

2001-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nems balances energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Exploring the concept of compressed air energy storage (CAES) in lined rock caverns at shallow depth: A modeling study of air tightness and energy balance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sources must be available when the wind is stagnant and solar energyclose to energy sources such as wind and solar power.Wind and solar power are promising renewable energy sources,

Kim, H.-M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Balancing the Energy Budget of Short-Period Giant Planets: Evidence for Reflective Clouds and Optical Absorbers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider fifty transiting short-period giant planets for which eclipse depths have been measured at multiple infrared wavelengths. The aggregate dayside emission spectrum of these planets exhibits no molecular features, nor is brightness temperature greater in the near-infrared. We combine brightness temperatures at various infrared wavelengths to estimate the dayside effective temperature of each planet. We find that dayside temperatures are proportional to irradiation temperatures, indicating modest Bond albedo and no internal energy sources, plus weak evidence that dayside temperatures of the hottest planets are disproportionately high. We place joint constraints on Bond albedo, $A_{B}$, and day-to-night transport efficiency, $\\varepsilon$, for six planets by combining thermal eclipse and phase variation measurements (HD 149026b, HD 189733b, HD 209458b, WASP-12b, WASP-18b, and WASP-43b). We confirm that planets with high irradiation temperatures have low heat transport efficiency, and that WASP-43b has ...

Schwartz, Joel C

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Nano-Electro-Mechanical (NEM) Relay Devices and Technology for Ultra-Low Energy Digital Integrated Circuits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

substrate, a layer of phosphosilicate glass is deposited atand drive-in anneal. Phosphosilicate glass (PSG) is then

Nathanael, Rhesa

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Nano-Electro-Mechanical (NEM) Relay Devices and Technology for Ultra-Low Energy Digital Integrated Circuits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

II, Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, vol. 12, no.Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, vol. 6, no. 2,Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, vol. 16, no. 1,

Nathanael, Rhesa

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

IntroductiontoProcessEngineering(PTG) conversion, balances,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#3/6 IntroductiontoProcessEngineering(PTG) VST rz13 1/118 3. Energy conversion, balances rz13 2/118 3.1: Energy #12;#3/6 IntroductiontoProcessEngineering(PTG) VST rz13 3/118 What is energy? 路 "Energy is any quantity that changes the state of a closed system when crossing the system boundary" (SEHB

Zevenhoven, Ron

326

Serotonin 5-HT2C receptor-independent expression of hypothalamic NOR1, a novel modulator of food intake and energy balance, in mice  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

NOR1, Nur77 and Nurr1 are orphan nuclear receptors and members of the NR4A subfamily. Here, we report that the expression of hypothalamic NOR1 was remarkably decreased in mildly obese {beta}-endorphin-deficient mice and obese db/db mice with the leptin receptor mutation, compared with age-matched wild-type mice, whereas there were no genotypic differences in the expression of hypothalamic Nur77 or Nurr1 in these animals. The injection of NOR1 siRNA oligonucleotide into the third cerebral ventricle significantly suppressed food intake and body weight in mice. On the other hand, the decreases in hypothalamic NOR1 expression were not found in non-obese 5-HT2C receptor-deficient mice. Moreover, systemic administration of m-chlorophenylpiperazine (mCPP), a 5-HT2C/1B receptor agonist, had no effect on hypothalamic NOR1 expression, while suppressing food intake in {beta}-endorphin-deficient mice. These findings suggest that 5-HT2C receptor-independent proopiomelanocortin-derived peptides regulate the expression of hypothalamic NOR1, which is a novel modulator of feeding behavior and energy balance.

Nonogaki, Katsunori, E-mail: knonogaki-tky@umin.ac.jp [Center of Excellence, Division of Molecular Metabolism and Diabetes, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine (Japan) [Center of Excellence, Division of Molecular Metabolism and Diabetes, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine (Japan); Department of Lifestyle Medicine, Biomedical Engineering Center, Tohoku University (Japan); Kaji, Takao [Department of Lifestyle Medicine, Biomedical Engineering Center, Tohoku University (Japan)] [Department of Lifestyle Medicine, Biomedical Engineering Center, Tohoku University (Japan); Ohba, Yukie; Sumii, Makiko [Center of Excellence, Division of Molecular Metabolism and Diabetes, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine (Japan)] [Center of Excellence, Division of Molecular Metabolism and Diabetes, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine (Japan); Wakameda, Mamoru; Tamari, Tomohiro [Charles River Laboratories Japan, Inc. (Japan)] [Charles River Laboratories Japan, Inc. (Japan)

2009-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

327

An indoor??outdoor building energy simulator to study urban modification effects on building energy use ?? Model description and validation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

T. Williamson,燯rban爏urfaceenergybalance爉odels:爉odel爋f爐he爄nternational爑rbanenergy燽alance爉odel燾omparison,燭he營nternational燯rban燛nergy燘alance燤odels Comparison

Yaghoobian, Neda; Kleissl, Jan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Balancing markets Bertrand Cornlusse  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

inertia of rotating machines, which decelerate. A lack induces a frequency decrease. Some effects. Ancillary services: range of functions which TSOs contract so that they can perform balancing. Market the Notion of coordinated Balancing Area http://www.emissions-euets.com/internal-electricity

Ernst, Damien

329

Building America Case Study: Balancing Hydronic Systems in Multifamily Buildings, Chicago, Illinois (Fact Sheet), Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE)  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartmentTie Ltd: ScopeDepartment1,Energy ForBryanR BUILDING

330

Model documentation report: Industrial sector demand module of the National Energy Modeling System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the objectives, analytical approach, and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Industrial Demand Model. The report catalogues and describes model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, and model source code. This document serves three purposes. First, it is a reference document providing a detailed description of the NEMS Industrial Model for model analysts, users, and the public. Second, this report meets the legal requirement of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to provide adequate documentation in support of its models. Third, it facilitates continuity in model development by providing documentation from which energy analysts can undertake model enhancements, data updates, and parameter refinements as future projects. The NEMS Industrial Demand Model is a dynamic accounting model, bringing together the disparate industries and uses of energy in those industries, and putting them together in an understandable and cohesive framework. The Industrial Model generates mid-term (up to the year 2015) forecasts of industrial sector energy demand as a component of the NEMS integrated forecasting system. From the NEMS system, the Industrial Model receives fuel prices, employment data, and the value of industrial output. Based on the values of these variables, the Industrial Model passes back to the NEMS system estimates of consumption by fuel types.

NONE

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Entropy balance in holographic superconductors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In systems undergoing second order phase transitions, the temperature integral of the specific heat over temperature from zero to the critical temperature is the same in both the normal and ordered phases. This entropy balance relates the critical temperature to the distribution of degrees of freedom in the normal and ordered states. Quantum criticality and fractionalization can imply an increased number of low energy degrees of freedom in both the normal and ordered states. We explore the role of entropy balance in holographic models of superconductivity, focussing on the interplay between quantum criticality and superconductivity. We consider models with and without a ground state entropy density in the normal phase; the latter models are a new class of holographic superconductors. We explain how a normal phase entropy density manifests itself in the stable superconducting phase.

Sean A. Hartnoll; Razieh Pourhasan

2012-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

332

The Balancing Act  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This essay is being proposed as part of a book titled: "Motherhood: The Elephant in the Laboratory." It offers professional and personal advice on how to balance working in the research field with a family life.

Fowler, Kimberly M.

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Annual Energy Outlook 2009 with Projections to 2030  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Annual Energy Outlook 2009 (AEO2009), prepared by the Energy Information Administration (EIA), presents long-term projections of energy supply, demand, and prices through 2030, based on results from EIA抯 National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). EIA published an 揺arly release version of the AEO2009 reference case in December 2008.

None

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Horizontal film balance having wide range and high sensitivity  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A thin-film, horizontal balance instrument is provided for measuring surface tension (surface energy) of thin films suspended on a liquid substrate. The balance includes a support bearing and an optical feedback arrangement for wide-range, high sensitivity measurements. The force on the instrument is balanced by an electromagnet, the current through the magnet providing a measure of the force applied to the instrument. A novel float construction is also disclosed.

Abraham, B.M.; Miyano, K.; Ketterson, J.B.

1981-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

335

Horizontal film balance having wide range and high sensitivity  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A thin-film, horizontal balance instrument is provided for measuring surface tension (surface energy) of thin films suspended on a liquid substrate. The balance includes a support bearing and an optical feedback arrangement for wide-range, high sensitivity measurements. The force on the instrument is balanced by an electromagnet, the current through the magnet providing a measure of the force applied to the instrument. A novel float construction is also disclosed. 5 figs.

Abraham, B.M.; Miyano, K.; Ketterson, J.B.

1983-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

336

Horizontal film balance having wide range and high sensitivity  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A thin-film, horizontal balance instrument is provided for measuring surface tension (surface energy) of thin films suspended on a liquid substrate. The balance includes a support bearing and an optical feedback arrangement for wide-range, high sensitivity measurements. The force on the instrument is balanced by an electromagnet, the current through the magnet providing a measure of the force applied to the instrument. A novel float construction is also disclosed.

Abraham, Bernard M. (Oak Park, IL); Miyano, Kenjiro (Downers Grove, IL); Ketterson, John B. (Evanston, IL)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

An institutional frame to compare alternative market designs in EU electricity balancing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The so-called "electricity wholesale market" is, in fact, a sequence of several markets. The chain is closed with a provision for "balancing," in which energy from all wholesale markets is balanced under the authority of ...

Glachant, Jean-Michel

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Development of Balancing Markets in the West Status Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Proposed Rulemaking (NOPR) on Integration of Variable Energy Resources 颅 new context for balancing market to reduce the impact on the BA? 路 Curtail wind output/deliveries 路 Shorter scheduling intervals (reduce the uncertainty) 路 Better wind forecasting to reduce errors 路 Dynamic transfers (moves the balancing obligation

339

Seasonal mass balance gradients in Norway L. A. Rasmussen1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

16 Aug 05 Seasonal mass balance gradients in Norway L. A. Rasmussen1 and L. M. Andreassen2 1 Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate (NVE) P. O. Box 5091 Majorstua, N-0301 Oslo, Norway in Norway exists in their profiles of both seasonal balances, winter bw(z) and summer bs(z). Unlike many

Rasmussen, L.A.

340

QuarterlyCouncilNorthwest Power and Conservation Council > Spring 2013 STRIKING A BALANCE BETWEEN ENERGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT IN THE COLUMBIA RIVER BASIN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and federal agency, and energy groups together to discuss the challenges surrounding this key planning issue on recommendations from state and federal fish and wildlife agencies and Indian tribes in the Northwest,but anyone of natural gas-fired generation, as well as an emphasis on energy efficiency and development of renewable

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nems balances energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

A unifying framework for watershed thermodynamics: balance equations for mass,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A unifying framework for watershed thermodynamics: balance equations for mass, momentum, energy Hassanizadehb a Centre for Water Research, Department of Environmental Engineering, The University of Western Australia, 6907 Nedlands, Australia b Department of Water Management, Environmental and Sanitary Engineering

Hassanizadeh, S. Majid

342

Final Report Balancing energy conservation and occupant needs in ventilation rate standards for Big Box stores in California: predicted indoor air quality and energy consumption using a matrix of ventilation scenarios  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

irritant effects. For energy models, we estimated buildingreduced outdoor air VRs. The energy models estimate that, inof commercial building energy models. The study assessed the

Apte, Michael G.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Model documentation report: Industrial sector demand module of the national energy modeling system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the objectives, analytical approach, and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Industrial Demand Model. The report catalogues and describes model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, and model source code. This document serves three purposes. First, it is a reference document providing a detailed description of the NEMS Industrial Model for model analysts, users, and the public. Second, this report meets the legal requirements of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to provide adequate documentation in support of its model. Third, it facilitates continuity in model development by providing documentation from which energy analysts can undertake model enhancements, data updates, and parameter refinements as future projects.

NONE

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Dynamic load balancing of applications  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An application-level method for dynamically maintaining global load balance on a parallel computer, particularly on massively parallel MIMD computers. Global load balancing is achieved by overlapping neighborhoods of processors, where each neighborhood performs local load balancing. The method supports a large class of finite element and finite difference based applications and provides an automatic element management system to which applications are easily integrated.

Wheat, Stephen R. (Albuquerque, NM)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Dynamic load balancing of applications  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An application-level method for dynamically maintaining global load balance on a parallel computer, particularly on massively parallel MIMD computers is disclosed. Global load balancing is achieved by overlapping neighborhoods of processors, where each neighborhood performs local load balancing. The method supports a large class of finite element and finite difference based applications and provides an automatic element management system to which applications are easily integrated. 13 figs.

Wheat, S.R.

1997-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

346

Protocol for the modeling the epidemiologic transition study: a longitudinal observational study of energy balance and change in body weight, diabetes and cardiovascular disease risk  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

empirical data to support the assertion that low levels of energy expenditure in activity is a causal factor in the current obesity epidemic are very limited. Methods/Design The Modeling the Epidemiologic Transition Study (METS) is a cohort study designed...

Luke, Amy; Bovet, Pascal; Forrester, Terrence E; Lambert, Estelle V; Plange-Rhule, Jacob; Schoeller, Dale A; Dugas, Lara R; Durazo-Arvizu, Ramon A; Shoham, David; Cooper, Richard S; Brage, Soren; Ekelund, Ulf; Steyn, Nelia

2011-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

347

Self-Adaptive Management of The Sleep Depths of Idle Nodes in Large Scale Systems to Balance Between Energy Consumption and Response Times  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Between Energy Consumption and Response Times Yongpeng Liu(1) , Hong Zhu(2) , Kai Lu(1) , Xiaoping Wang(1.659 MW, which equals the power usage of a middle scale city. In 2006, US servers and data centers U.S. electricity consumption or the output of about 15 typical power plants [2]. In 2007

Zhu, Hong

348

Wide-Area Energy Storage and Management system to Balance Intermittent Resources in the Bonneville Power Administration and California ISO Control Areas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The entire project addresses the issue of mitigating additional intermittency and fast ramps that occur at higher penetration of intermittent resources, including wind genera-tion, in the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and the California Independent Sys-tem Operator (California ISO) control areas. The proposed Wide Area Energy Storage and Management System (WAEMS) will address the additional regulation requirement through the energy exchange between the participating control areas and through the use of energy storage and other generation resources. For the BPA and California ISO control centers, the new regulation service will look no different comparing with the traditional regulation resources. The proposed project will benefit the regulation service in these service areas, regardless of the actual degree of penetration of the intermittent resources in the regions. The project develops principles, algorithms, market integration rules, functional de-sign and technical specifications for the WAEMS system. The project is sponsored by BPA and supported in kind by California ISO, Beacon Power Corporation, and the Cali-fornia Energy Commission (CEC).

Makarov, Yuri V.; Yang, Bo; DeSteese, John G.; Lu, Shuai; Miller, Carl H.; Nyeng, Preben; Ma, Jian; Hammerstrom, Donald J.; Vishwanathan, Vilanyur V.

2008-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

349

Russia - Nato. The military balance.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This project aims to explain how the military balancing of Russia against NATO can be explained from a neoclassical realist framework. The project consists in (more)

Skarequist, Anne

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Greening Geographical Load Balancing Zhenhua Liu, Minghong Lin,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

balanc- ing" has been suggested to reduce energy cost by exploiting the electricity price differences that if electricity is dynamically priced in proportion to the instantaneous fraction of the total energy, the ben- efits depend strongly on the degree to which systems accept dynamic energy pricing and the form

Andrew, Lachlan

351

Supplement to the annual energy outlook 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This section of the Supplement to the Annual Energy Outlook 1995 present the major assumptions of the modeling system used to generate the projections in the Annual Energy Outlook 1995 (AEO95). In this context, assumptions include general features of the model structure, assumptions concerning energy markets, and the key input data and parameters that are most significant in formulating the model results. Detailed documentation of the modeling system is available in a series of documentation reports listed in Appendix B. A synopsis of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS), the model components, and the interrelationships of the modules is presented. The NEMS is developed and maintained by the office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to provide projection of domestic energy-economy markets in the midterm time period and perform policy analyses requested by various government agencies and the private sector.

Not Available

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Massive stars and the energy balance of the interstellar medium. II. The 35 solar mass star and a solution to the "missing wind problem"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We continue our numerical analysis of the morphological and energetic influence of massive stars on their ambient interstellar medium for a 35 solar mass star that evolves from the main sequence through red supergiant and Wolf-Rayet phases, until it ultimately explodes as a supernova. We find that structure formation in the circumstellar gas during the early main-sequence evolution occurs as in the 60 solar mass case but is much less pronounced because of the lower mechanical wind luminosity of the star. Since on the other hand the shell-like structure of the HII region is largely preserved, effects that rely on this symmetry become more important. At the end of the stellar lifetime 1% of the energy released as Lyman continuum radiation and stellar wind has been transferred to the circumstellar gas. From this fraction 10% is kinetic energy of bulk motion, 36% is thermal energy, and the remaining 54% is ionization energy of hydrogen. The sweeping up of the slow red supergiant wind by the fast Wolf-Rayet wind produces remarkable morphological structures and emission signatures, which are compared with existing observations of the Wolf-Rayet bubble S308. Our model reproduces the correct order of magnitude of observed X-ray luminosity, the temperature of the emitting plasma as well as the limb brightening of the intensity profile. This is remarkable, because current analytical and numerical models of Wolf-Rayet bubbles fail to consistently explain these features. A key result is that almost the entire X-ray emission in this stage comes from the shell of red supergiant wind swept up by the shocked Wolf-Rayet wind rather than from the shocked Wolf-Rayet wind itself as hitherto assumed and modeled. This offers a possible solution to what is called the ``missing wind problem'' of Wolf-Rayet bubbles.

Tim Freyer; Gerhard Hensler; Harold W. Yorke

2005-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

353

Balancing of Wind Power.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? In the future, renewable energy share, especially wind power share, in electricity generation is expected to increase. Due to nature of the wind, wind (more)

躭ker, Muhammed Akif

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Department of Energy's Isotope Development and Production for Research and Applications Program's Fiscal Year 2009 Balance Sheet Audit, OAS-FS-12-08  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat Pump Models | Department1AL2009DWMBPRewrite2GenaCleared.docDepartment of Energy's

355

Department of Energy's Isotope Development and Production for Research and Applications Program's Fiscal Year 2010 Balance Sheet Audit, OAS-FS-13-11  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: TopEnergy DOEDealing WithDevelopmentReport and7Department ofManagement Letter

356

Model documentation, Coal Market Module of the National Energy Modeling System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the objectives and the conceptual and methodological approach used in the development of the National Energy Modeling System`s (NEMS) Coal Market Module (CMM) used to develop the Annual Energy Outlook 1998 (AEO98). This report catalogues and describes the assumptions, methodology, estimation techniques, and source code of CMM`s two submodules. These are the Coal Production Submodule (CPS) and the Coal Distribution Submodule (CDS). CMM provides annual forecasts of prices, production, and consumption of coal for NEMS. In general, the CDS integrates the supply inputs from the CPS to satisfy demands for coal from exogenous demand models. The international area of the CDS forecasts annual world coal trade flows from major supply to major demand regions and provides annual forecasts of US coal exports for input to NEMS. Specifically, the CDS receives minemouth prices produced by the CPS, demand and other exogenous inputs from other NEMS components, and provides delivered coal prices and quantities to the NEMS economic sectors and regions.

NONE

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Balancing Hydronic Systems in Multifamily Buildings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In multifamily hydronic systems, temperature imbalance may be caused by undersized piping, improperly adjusted balancing valves, inefficient water temperature and flow levels, and owner/occupant interaction with the boilers, distribution and controls. The effects of imbalance include tenant discomfort, higher energy use intensity and inefficient building operation. This paper explores cost-effective distribution upgrades and balancing measures in multifamily hydronic systems, providing a resource to contractors, auditors, and building owners on best practices to improve tenant comfort and lower operating costs. The research was conducted by The Partnership for Advanced Residential Retrofit (PARR) in conjunction with Elevate Energy. The team surveyed existing knowledge on cost-effective retrofits for optimizing distribution in typical multifamily hydronic systems, with the aim of identifying common situations and solutions, and then conducted case studies on two Chicago area buildings with known balancing issues in order to quantify the extent of temperature imbalance. At one of these buildings a booster pump was installed on a loop to an underheated wing of the building. This study found that unit temperature in a multifamily hydronic building can vary as much as 61 degrees F, particularly if windows are opened or tenants use intermittent supplemental heating sources like oven ranges. Average temperature spread at the building as a result of this retrofit decreased from 22.1 degrees F to 15.5 degrees F.

Ruch, R.; Ludwig, P.; Maurer, T.

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Hydrodynamics of charge fluctuations and balance functions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We apply stochastic hydrodynamics to the study of charge density fluctuations in QCD matter undergoing Bjorken expansion. We find that the charge density correlations are given by a time integral over the history of the system, with the dominant contribution coming from the QCD crossover region where the change of susceptibility per entropy, chi T/s, is most significant. We study the rapidity and azimuthal angle dependence of the resulting charge balance function using a simple analytic model of heavy-ion collision evolution. Our results are in agreement with experimental measurements, indicating that hydrodynamic fluctuations contribute significantly to the measured charge correlations in high energy heavy-ion collisions. The sensitivity of the balance function to the value of the charge diffusion coefficient D allows us to estimate the typical value of this coefficient in the crossover region to be rather small, of the order of 1/(2pi T), characteristic of a strongly coupled plasma.

B. Ling; T. Springer; M. Stephanov

2014-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

359

Model documentation Renewable Fuels Module of the National Energy Modeling System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the objectives, analaytical approach and design of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Renewable Fuels Module (RFM) as it relates to the production of the 1996 Annual Energy Outlook forecasts. The report catalogues and describes modeling assumptions, computational methodologies, data inputs, and parameter estimation techniques. A number of offline analyses used in lieu of RFM modeling components are also described.

NONE

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Model documentation Coal Market Module of the National Energy Modeling System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents objectives and conceptual and methodological approach used in the development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Coal Market Module (CMM) used to develop the Annual Energy Outlook 1996 (AEO96). This report catalogues and describes the assumptions, methodology, estimation techniques, and source code of CMM`s three submodules: Coal Production Submodule, Coal Export Submodule, and Coal Distribution Submodule.

NONE

1996-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nems balances energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Beyond Beginning Balances Presentation  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartmentNational NuclearhasAdministration77 SandiaGuidance to the RevisedLinks( 98.

362

International energy outlook 1996  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This International Energy Outlook presents historical data from 1970 to 1993 and EIA`s projections of energy consumption and carbon emissions through 2015 for 6 country groups. Prospects for individual fuels are discussed. Summary tables of the IEO96 world energy consumption, oil production, and carbon emissions projections are provided in Appendix A. The reference case projections of total foreign energy consumption and of natural gas, coal, and renewable energy were prepared using EIA`s World Energy Projection System (WEPS) model. Reference case projections of foreign oil production and consumption were prepared using the International Energy Module of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). Nuclear consumption projections were derived from the International Nuclear Model, PC Version (PC-INM). Alternatively, nuclear capacity projections were developed using two methods: the lower reference case projections were based on analysts` knowledge of the nuclear programs in different countries; the upper reference case was generated by the World Integrated Nuclear Evaluation System (WINES)--a demand-driven model. In addition, the NEMS Coal Export Submodule (CES) was used to derive flows in international coal trade. As noted above, foreign projections of electricity demand are now projected as part of the WEPS. 64 figs., 62 tabs.

NONE

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

MATERIAL BALANCE REPORT  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department of Energy Low-Temperature Combustion DemonstratorEastLynnF 742 (08-98)

364

ARM - Carbon Cycle Balance  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformationbudapest Comments? We would love to heartotdngovInstrumentswrf-chem Comments?Campaign

365

Balanced Scorecard Program | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

In government, and for DOE's major contractors, this perspective captures cost efficiency, delivering maximum value to the customer for each dollar spent. Internal...

366

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Lifecycle Energy Balance  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageEmerging Fuels Printable Version ShareKentuckywith

367

ENERGY CENTER OF WISCONSIN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENERGY CENTER OF WISCONSIN Report Summary 210-1 Life-Cycle Energy Costs and Greenhouse Gas report energy center Net energy balance and greenhouse gas emissions from renewable energy storage systems June 2003 223-1 #12;ECW Report Number 223-1 Net energy balance and greenhouse gas emissions from

368

Note on helicity balance of the Galerkin method for the 3D NavierStokes equations Maxim Olshanskii a,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, United States a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 27 July 2009 Received in revised form 17 scheme. However, in contrast to the energy balance, the helicity balance does not hold in the usual wayNote on helicity balance of the Galerkin method for the 3D Navier颅Stokes equations Maxim Olshanskii

Olshanskii, Maxim A.

369

Annual energy outlook 1994: With projections to 2010  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Annual Energy Outlook 1994 (AEO94) presents the midterm energy forecasts of the Energy Information Administration (EIA). This year`s report presents projects and analyses of energy supply, demand, and prices through 2010, based for the first time on results from the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). NEMS is the latest in a series of computer-based energy modeling systems used over the past 2 decades by EIA and its predecessor organization, the Federal Energy Administration, to analyze and forecast energy consumption and supply in the midterm period (about 20 years). Quarterly forecasts of energy supply and demand for 1994 and 1995 are published in the Short-Term Energy Outlook (February 1994). Forecast tables for 2000, 2005, and 2010 for each of the five scenarios examined in the AEO94 are provided in Appendices A through E. The five scenarios include a reference case and four additional cases that assume higher and lower economic growth and higher and lower world oil prices. Appendix F provides detailed comparisons of the AEO94 forecasts with those of other organizations. Appendix G briefly described the NEMS and the major AEO94 forecast assumptions. Appendix H summarizes the key results for the five scenarios.

Not Available

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Current balancing for battery strings  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A battery plant is described which features magnetic circuit means for balancing the electrical current flow through a pluraliircuitbattery strings which are connected electrically in parallel. The magnetic circuit means is associated with the battery strings such that the conductors carrying the electrical current flow through each of the battery strings pass through the magnetic circuit means in directions which cause the electromagnetic fields of at least one predetermined pair of the conductors to oppose each other. In an alternative embodiment, a low voltage converter is associated with each of the battery strings for balancing the electrical current flow through the battery strings.

Galloway, James H. (New Baltimore, MI)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Directory of Energy Information Administration Models 1993  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This directory contains descriptions about each model, including the title, acronym, purpose, followed by more detailed information on characteristics, uses, and requirements. Sources for additional information are identified. Included in this directory are 35 EIA models active as of May 1, 1993. Models that run on personal computers are identified by ``PC`` as part of the acronym. EIA is developing new models, a National Energy Modeling System (NEMS), and is making changes to existing models to include new technologies, environmental issues, conservation, and renewables, as well as extend forecast horizon. Other parts of the Department are involved in this modeling effort. A fully operational model is planned which will integrate completed segments of NEMS for its first official application--preparation of EIA`s Annual Energy Outlook 1994. Abstracts for the new models will be included in next year`s version of this directory.

Not Available

1993-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

372

Directory of energy information administration models 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This updated directory has been published annually; after this issue, it will be published only biennially. The Disruption Impact Simulator Model in use by EIA is included. Model descriptions have been updated according to revised documentation approved during the past year. This directory contains descriptions about each model, including title, acronym, purpose, followed by more detailed information on characteristics, uses, and requirements. Sources for additional information are identified. Included are 37 EIA models active as of February 1, 1995. The first group is the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) models. The second group is all other EIA models that are not part of NEMS. Appendix A identifies major EIA modeling systems and the models within these systems. Appendix B is a summary of the `Annual Energy Outlook` Forecasting System.

NONE

1995-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

373

2. System boundaries; Balance equations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

;5/28 Systems and boundaries /3 An isolated system is a special kind of closed system Pictures: KJ05 Q = heat W Example: an electric hot water heater in a house 颅 The electric heater is a closed system 颅 The water1/28 2. System boundaries; Balance equations Ron Zevenhoven ?bo Akademi University Thermal and flow

Zevenhoven, Ron

374

On Achieving Balanced Power Consumption in Software Pipelined Loops #  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The benchmarks are executed on the Wattch power simulator. In comparison to the original (powerOn Achieving Balanced Power Consumption in Software Pipelined Loops # Hongbo Yang Dept of ECE Univ@capsl.udel.edu ABSTRACT While a significant body of work in compilers has been de颅 voted to reducing energy consumption

Gao, Guang R.

375

Annual energy outlook 1997 with projections to 2015  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Annual Energy Outlook 1997 (AEO97) presents midterm forecasts of energy supply, demand, and prices through 2015 prepared by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). These projections are based on results of EIA`s National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). This report begins with a summary of the reference case, followed by a discussion of the legislative assumptions and evolving legislative and regulatory issues. ``Issues in Focus`` discusses emerging energy issues and other topics of particular interest. It is followed by the analysis of energy market trends. The analysis in AEO97 focuses primarily on a reference case and four other cases that assume higher and lower economic growth and higher and lower world oil prices than in the reference case. Forecast tables for these cases are provided in Appendixes A through C. Appendixes D and E present summaries of the reference case forecasts in units of oil equivalence and household energy expenditures. Twenty-three other cases explore the impacts of varying key assumptions in NEMS--generally, technology penetration, with the major results shown in Appendix F. Appendix G briefly describes NEMS and the major AEO97 assumptions, with a summary table. 114 figs., 22 tabs.

NONE

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

An Institutional Frame to Compare Alternative Market Designs in EU Electricity Balancing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The so-called electricity wholesale market is, in fact, a sequence of several markets. The chain is closed with a provision for balancing, in which energy from all wholesale markets is balanced under the authority of the Transmission...

Glachant, Jean-Michel; Saguan, Marcelo

377

Steam Balancing and Tuning for Multifamily Residential Buildings in Chicagoland  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Older heating systems often suffer from mis-investment--multiple contractors upgrading parts of systems in inadequate or inappropriate ways that reduce system functionality and efficiency--or from a lack of proper maintenance. This technical report addresses these barriers to information, contractor resources, and cost-savings. Building off of previous research, CNT Energy conducted a study to identify best practices for the methodology, typical costs, and energy savings associated with steam; system balancing.

Choi, J.; Ludwig, P.; Brand, L.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Improved Image Fusion Using Balanced Multiwavelets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Improved Image Fusion Using Balanced Multiwavelets Lahouari Ghouti, Ahmed Bouridane and Mohammad K. Ibrahim Abstract-- This paper presents the use of balanced multi- wavelets for image fusion. The proposed image fusion scheme incorporates the use of balanced multiwavelets transform, which uses multiple

Ghouti, Lahouari

379

Balancing energy conservation and occupant needs in ventilation rate standards for Big Box stores and other commercial buildings in California: Issues related to the ASHRAE 62.1 Indoor Air Quality Procedure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EUI) predicted with building energy models created using theusing EPA model ? Health benefits of reduced energy usage (

Mendell, Mark

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Annual energy outlook 2005 with projections to 2025  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Annual Energy Outlook 2005 (AEO2005) presents midterm forecasts of energy supply, demand, and prices through 2025 prepared by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). The projections are based on results from EIA's National Energy Modelling System (NEMS). The report begins with an 'Overview' summarizing the AEO2005 reference case. The next section, 'Legislation and Regulations', discusses evolving legislative and regulatory issues in the USA. Issues in Focus includes discussions on key energy market issues and examines their potential impacts. In particular, it includes a discussion of the world oil price assumptions used in the reference case and four alternative world oil price cases examined in AEO2005. 'Issues in Focus' is followed by 'Market Trends', which provides a summary of energy market trends in the AEO2005 forecast. The analysis in AEO2005 focuses primarily on a reference case, lower and higher economic growth cases, and four alternative oil price cases, a low world oil price case, an October oil futures case, and two high world oil price cases. Forecast tables for those cases are provided in Appendixes A through D. The major results for the alterative cases, which explore the impacts of varying key assumption in NEMS (such as rates of technology penetration), are summarized in Appendix E. Appendix F briefly describes NEMS and the alternative cases. 115 figs., 38 tabs., 8 apps.

NONE

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nems balances energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Available Balance Report Revised 12/2008 Page 1 Available Balance Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Available Balance Report 颅 Revised 12/2008 Page 1 Available Balance Report The "Available Balance Report" shows total Budget, Encumbrance, Expense, and Available Balance detailed by Budgetary Account of the resources they have available as of a point in time. This report is also used by the Budget Office

Weston, Ken

382

Model documentation renewable fuels module of the National Energy Modeling System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the objectives, analytical approach, and design of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Renewable Fuels Module (RFM) as it relates to the production of the 1995 Annual Energy Outlook (AEO95) forecasts. The report catalogues and describes modeling assumptions, computational methodologies, data inputs, and parameter estimation techniques. A number of offline analyses used in lieu of RFM modeling components are also described. The RFM consists of six analytical submodules that represent each of the major renewable energy resources--wood, municipal solid waste (MSW), solar energy, wind energy, geothermal energy, and alcohol fuels. The RFM also reads in hydroelectric facility capacities and capacity factors from a data file for use by the NEMS Electricity Market Module (EMM). The purpose of the RFM is to define the technological, cost and resource size characteristics of renewable energy technologies. These characteristics are used to compute a levelized cost to be competed against other similarly derived costs from other energy sources and technologies. The competition of these energy sources over the NEMS time horizon determines the market penetration of these renewable energy technologies. The characteristics include available energy capacity, capital costs, fixed operating costs, variable operating costs, capacity factor, heat rate, construction lead time, and fuel product price.

NONE

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Optimum balancing for flexible rotor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the donation of vibration pick-ups and the loan of precious equipment. A special appreciation is extended to my friend, Miss Mei Ou-Yang, for her assistance, encouragement and unselfish support during the preparation and completion of this project. Last... Balancing Fig. 9 Typical Phase Lag Between Force and Vibration Amplitude Chart 14 20 Fig. 10 Typical Principal Modes for a Symmetric and Uniform Shaft 21 Fig. ll Test Rig Setup Fig. 12 Typical Rotor, Probe and Probe Stand Fig. 13 Critical Speed VS...

Fu, Her James

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Balancing oil and environment... responsibly.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Balancing Oil and Environment匯esponsibly As the price of oil continues to skyrocket and global oil production nears the brink, pursuing unconventional oil supplies, such as oil shale, oil sands, heavy oils, and oils from biomass and coal has become increasingly attractive. Of particular significance to the American way is that our continent has significant quantities of these resources. Tapping into these new resources, however, requires cutting-edge technologies for identification, production, processing and environmental management. This job needs a super hero or two for a job of this size and proportion

Weimer, Walter C.; Teske, Lisa

2007-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

385

A Simple and Quick Chilled Water Loop Balancing for Variable Flow System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For many modem buildings, the chilled water loops and risers are equipped with variable speed pumping systems. How to quickly balance the loop or riser to satisfy the cooling requirement and reduce energy consumption is a very interesting topic...

Zhu, Y.; Batten, T.; Turner, W. D.; Claridge, D. E.; Liu, M.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

User-guided White Balance for Mixed Lighting Conditions Ivaylo Boyadzhiev  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(daylight + neon un- der the cabinets + low-energy bulbs on ceiling) ex- hibits unsightly color casts a solution to the ill-posed mixed light white balance problem, based on user guidance. Users scribble

Bala, Kavita

387

E-Print Network 3.0 - attributes balancing stability Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Point out some... units of energy input from the Sun Temperature: 5.3 oC Greenhouse Effect 101: A Balance is Achieved Source: Blais, Brian - Department of Science and...

388

Proceedings of the ASME 2011 Pacific Rim Technical Conference and Exhibition on Packaging and Integration of Electronic and Photonic Systems,MEMS and NEMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

nearly 13% -18% cooling energy. INTRODUCTION Internet-based services supplied by companies like Ama- zon depends on many factors, including power distribution, thermal load and conse- quent cooling costs the efficiency of both cooling and power usage, across and within racks. To help implement spatially aware load

Lee, Hsien-Hsin "Sean"

389

Model documentation: Renewable Fuels Module of the National Energy Modeling System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the objectives, analytical approach, and design of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Renewable Fuels Module (RFM) as it related to the production of the 1994 Annual Energy Outlook (AEO94) forecasts. The report catalogues and describes modeling assumptions, computational methodologies, data inputs, and parameter estimation techniques. A number of offline analyses used in lieu of RFM modeling components are also described. This documentation report serves two purposes. First, it is a reference document for model analysts, model users, and the public interested in the construction and application of the RFM. Second, it meets the legal requirement of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to provide adequate documentation in support of its models. The RFM consists of six analytical submodules that represent each of the major renewable energy resources -- wood, municipal solid waste (MSW), solar energy, wind energy, geothermal energy, and alcohol fuels. Of these six, four are documented in the following chapters: municipal solid waste, wind, solar and biofuels. Geothermal and wood are not currently working components of NEMS. The purpose of the RFM is to define the technological and cost characteristics of renewable energy technologies, and to pass these characteristics to other NEMS modules for the determination of mid-term forecasted renewable energy demand.

Not Available

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Scenarios for Benefits Analysis of Energy Research, Development,Demonstration and Deployment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For at least the last decade, evaluation of the benefits of research, development, demonstration, and deployment (RD3) by the U.S. Department of Energy has been conducted using deterministic forecasts that unrealistically presume we can precisely foresee our future 10, 25,or even 50 years hence. This effort tries, in a modest way, to begin a process of recognition that the reality of our energy future is rather one rife with uncertainty. The National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) is used by the Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EE) and Fossil Energy (FE) for their RD3 benefits evaluation. In order to begin scoping out the uncertainty in these deterministic forecasts, EE and FE designed two futures that differ significantly from the basic NEMS forecast. A High Fuel Price Scenario and a Carbon Cap Scenario were envisioned to forecast alternative futures and the associated benefits. Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) implemented these scenarios into its version of NEMS,NEMS-LBNL, in late 2004, and the Energy Information Agency created six scenarios for FE in early 2005. The creation and implementation of the EE-FE scenarios are explained in this report. Both a Carbon Cap Scenario and a High Fuel Price Scenarios were implemented into the NEMS-LBNL. EIA subsequently modeled similar scenarios using NEMS. While the EIA and LBNL implementations were in some ways rather different, their forecasts do not significantly diverge. Compared to the Reference Scenario, the High Fuel Price Scenario reduces energy consumption by 4 percent in 2025, while in the EIA fuel price scenario (known as Scenario 4) reduction from its corresponding reference scenario (known as Scenario 0) in 2025 is marginal. Nonetheless, the 4 percent demand reduction does not lead to other cascading effects that would significantly differentiate the two scenarios. The LBNL and EIA carbon scenarios were mostly identical. The only major difference was that LBNL started working with the AEO 2004NEMS code and EIA was using AEO 2005 NEMS code. Unlike the High Price Scenario the Carbon Cap scenario gives a radically different forecast than the Reference Scenario. NEMS-LBNL proved that it can handle these alternative scenarios. However, results are price inelastic (for both oil and natural gas prices) within the price range evaluated. Perhaps even higher price paths would lead to a distinctly different forecast than the Reference Scenario. On the other hand, the Carbon Cap Scenario behaves more like an alternative future. The future in the Carbon Cap Scenario has higher electricity prices, reduced driving, more renewable capacity, and reduced energy consumption. The next step for this work is to evaluate the EE benefits under each of the three scenarios. Comparing those three sets of predicted benefits will indicate how much uncertainty is inherent within this sort of deterministic forecasting.

Gumerman, Etan; Marnay, Chris

2005-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

391

Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Model of the National Energy Modeling System. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Model (NGTDM) is the component of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) that is used to represent the domestic natural gas transmission and distribution system. The NGTDM is the model within the NEMS that represents the transmission, distribution, and pricing of natural gas. The model also includes representations of the end-use demand for natural gas, the production of domestic natural gas, and the availability of natural gas traded on the international market based on information received from other NEMS models. The NGTDM determines the flow of natural gas in an aggregate, domestic pipeline network, connecting domestic and foreign supply regions with 12 demand regions. The purpose of this report is to provide a reference document for model analysts, users, and the public that defines the objectives of the model, describes its basic design, provides detail on the methodology employed, and describes the model inputs, outputs, and key assumptions. Subsequent chapters of this report provide: an overview of NGTDM; a description of the interface between the NEMS and NGTDM; an overview of the solution methodology of the NGTDM; the solution methodology for the Annual Flow Module; the solution methodology for the Distributor Tariff Module; the solution methodology for the Capacity Expansion Module; the solution methodology for the Pipeline Tariff Module; and a description of model assumptions, inputs, and outputs.

NONE

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Utility-Aware Deferred Load Balancing in the Cloud Driven by Dynamic Pricing of Electricity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in energy prices along with the rise of cloud computing brings up the issue of making clouds energy. In this paper, we use deferral with dynamic pricing of electricity for energy efficiency while using utilityUtility-Aware Deferred Load Balancing in the Cloud Driven by Dynamic Pricing of Electricity

Gupta, Rajesh

393

Slide 1www.kostic.niu.edu EnergyEnergy IsIs EverythingEverything  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Slide 1www.kostic.niu.edu EnergyEnergy IsIs EverythingEverything:: Energy Fundamentals and Future: Alternative EnergyAlternative Energy,, March 16, 2009March 16, 2009 Slide 2 Let Us NOT Be Fooled SUSTAINABILITY) Slide 3www.kostic.niu.edu Earth Energy Balance:Earth Energy Balance: 路 All energy to Earth

Kostic, Milivoje M.

394

Detailed balance limit of power conversion efficiency for organic photovoltaics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A fundamental difference between inorganic photovoltaic (IPV) and organic photovoltaic (OPV) cells is that charges are generated at the interface in OPV cells, while free charges can be generated in the bulk in IPV cells. In OPV cells, charge generation involves intrinsic energy losses to dissociate excitons at the interface between the donor and acceptor. By taking into account the energy losses, we show the theoretical limits of the power conversion efficiency set by radiative recombination of the carriers on the basis of the detailed balance relation between radiation from the cell and black-body radiation.

Seki, Kazuhiko, E-mail: k-seki@aist.go.jp [NRI, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), AIST Tsukuba Central 5, Higashi 1-1-1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8565 (Japan)] [NRI, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), AIST Tsukuba Central 5, Higashi 1-1-1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8565 (Japan); Furube, Akihiro [RIIF, AIST Tsukuba Central 2, Umezono 1-1-1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8568 (Japan)] [RIIF, AIST Tsukuba Central 2, Umezono 1-1-1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8568 (Japan); Yoshida, Yuji [RCPVT, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), AIST Tsukuba Central 5, Higashi 1-1-1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8565 (Japan)] [RCPVT, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), AIST Tsukuba Central 5, Higashi 1-1-1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8565 (Japan)

2013-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

395

Water-Balance Cover Performance  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomen Owned SmallOf The 2012NuclearBradleyBudget Water Power Program11 Conference,

396

Water-Balance Cover Performance  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomen Owned SmallOf The 2012NuclearBradleyBudget Water Power Program11 Conference,0

397

Energy Crops and their Implications on Surface Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Crops and their Implications on Surface Energy and Water Balance Yang Song Rahul Barman Phenological differences Variation in water and thermal energy consumption #12;Objectives Examine potential crops on energy and water balance Temporal and spatial patterns of 路 Evapotranspiration 路 Radiation

Jain, Atul K.

398

Directory of Energy Information Administration Models 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This directory revises and updates the 1993 directory and includes 15 models of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). Three other new models in use by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) have also been included: the Motor Gasoline Market Model (MGMM), Distillate Market Model (DMM), and the Propane Market Model (PPMM). This directory contains descriptions about each model, including title, acronym, purpose, followed by more detailed information on characteristics, uses and requirements. Sources for additional information are identified. Included in this directory are 37 EIA models active as of February 1, 1994.

Not Available

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Inventory of China's Energy-Related CO2 Emissions in 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

balance, by definition, Total Primary Energy Supply (TPES)definition, and thus the results are incomplete. The Chinese energy

Fridley, David

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Balance Calibration A Method for Assigning a Direct-Reading Uncertainty to an Electronic Balance.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Paper Title: Balance Calibration A method for assigning a direct-reading uncertainty to an electronic balance. Intended Audience: Those who calibrate or use electronic balances. Abstract: As a calibration facility, we provide on-site (at the customer抯 location) calibrations of electronic balances for customers within our company. In our experience, most of our customers are not using their balance as a comparator, but simply putting an unknown quantity on the balance and reading the displayed mass value. Manufacturer抯 specifications for balances typically include specifications such as readability, repeatability, linearity, and sensitivity temperature drift, but what does this all mean when the balance user simply reads the displayed mass value and accepts the reading as the true value? This paper discusses a method for assigning a direct-reading uncertainty to a balance based upon the observed calibration data and the environment where the balance is being used. The method requires input from the customer regarding the environment where the balance is used and encourages discussion with the customer regarding sources of uncertainty and possible means for improvement; the calibration process becomes an educational opportunity for the balance user as well as calibration personnel. This paper will cover the uncertainty analysis applied to the calibration weights used for the field calibration of balances; the uncertainty is calculated over the range of environmental conditions typically encountered in the field and the resulting range of air density. The temperature stability in the area of the balance is discussed with the customer and the temperature range over which the balance calibration is valid is decided upon; the decision is based upon the uncertainty needs of the customer and the desired rigor in monitoring by the customer. Once the environmental limitations are decided, the calibration is performed and the measurement data is entered into a custom spreadsheet. The spreadsheet uses measurement results, along with the manufacturer抯 specifications, to assign a direct-read measurement uncertainty to the balance. The fact that the assigned uncertainty is a best-case uncertainty is discussed with the customer; the assigned uncertainty contains no allowance for contributions associated with the unknown weighing sample, such as density, static charges, magnetism, etc. The attendee will learn uncertainty considerations associated with balance calibrations along with one method for assigning an uncertainty to a balance used for non-comparison measurements.

Mike Stears

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nems balances energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Enhanced BPA Balancing Authority (EBBA)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series toESnet4: Networking for37Energy StorageEngineEngineering Subscribe toebba

402

Wind turbines application for energy savings in Gas transportation system.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? The Thesis shows the perspectives of involving renewable energy resources into the energy balance of Russia, namely the use of wind energy for the (more)

Mingaleeva, Renata

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

False Choices: Barack Obama's Balance Rhetoric  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Barack Obama's speeches have been analyzed by journalists and academic researchers from countless angles. There remains a hole in the literature, however, as few researchers have systematically noted the President's use of "balance rhetoric...

Bare, Andrew Mitchell

2011-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

404

Ecovillages, Values, and Information Technology: Balancing Sustainability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ecovillages, Values, and Information Technology: Balancing Sustainability with Daily Life in 21st of technology with a lifestyle that is environmentally, socially, and economically sustainable. Anticipated environment? This study investigates the negotiability of interactive technology through the following

Anderson, Richard

405

Background-free balanced optical cross correlator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A balanced optical cross correlator includes an optical waveguide, a first photodiode including a first n-type semiconductor and a first p-type semiconductor positioned about the optical waveguide on a first side of the optical waveguide's point of symmetry, and a second photodiode including a second n-type semiconductor and a second p-type semiconductor positioned about the optical waveguide on a second side of the optical waveguide's point of symmetry. A balanced receiver including first and second inputs is configured to produce an output current or voltage that reflects a difference in currents or voltages, originating from the first and the second photodiodes of the balanced cross correlator and fed to the first input and to the second input of the balanced receiver.

Nejadmalayeri, Amir Hossein; Kaertner, Franz X

2014-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

406

Uniplanar microwave balanced mixers and amplifiers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The completely uniplanar broadband singly balanced diode mixers and FET amplifiers, which utilize coplanar waveguide and slot line as the main transmission lines, are presented. These mixers and amplifiers have several desirable features...

Hsu, Pang-Cheng

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

407

Online Load Balancing for Related Machines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of entire schedule s as follows: load(s; i) = 1 v i X s(j)=i p j ; Load(s) = max i load(s; i) It is easyOn颅line Load Balancing for Related Machines Piotr Berman \\Lambda Moses Charikar y Marek Karpinski z颅line load balancing was studied extensively over the years (cf., e.g., [7], [3], [4], and [2

Karpinski, Marek

408

NEMS Freight Transportation Module Improvement Study  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

basic shapes 33. Articles of base metal 41. Waste and scrap 3. Processed food 5. Meat, fish, seafood, and their preparations 6. Milled grain products and preparations, and bakery...

409

Practical Application of Distillation Column Energy Control Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Closed loop computer control of an ethylene column has been shown to save $350/day in improved ethylene recovery and $150/day in reduced energy consumption. These savings are achieved through material balance optimization and energy balance...

Matthews, S. A.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Balancing Item (Billion Cubic Feet)  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines AboutDecemberSteam Coal Import CostsLiquidsYearReserves (Billion5: OilCitygate

411

Western Hemisphere Oil Products Balance  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S. NaturalA. Michael SchaalNovember1. Foreign salesWestern Hemisphere Oil

412

Oxygenate Supply/Demand Balances  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines AboutDecember 2005 (Thousand9,0,InformationU.S. Crude

413

Mixture balance laws for fluid flows with phase transition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Cavitation: Francis turbine, cavitation damage and old repairs with stainless steel welding Mixture balance

Helluy, Philippe

414

Overview of Propulsion Materials | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L d F SSales LLCDieselEnergy Joining ActivitiesNEMS-H2,

415

Overview of Propulsion Materials | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L d F SSales LLCDieselEnergy Joining ActivitiesNEMS-H2,1 DOE

416

Overview of Propulsion Materials | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L d F SSales LLCDieselEnergy Joining ActivitiesNEMS-H2,1 DOE3 DOE

417

Annual energy outlook 1995, with projections to 2010  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Annual Energy Outlook 1995 (AEO95) presents the midterm energy forecasts of the Energy Information Administration (EIA). This year`s report presents projections and analyses of energy supply, demand, and prices through 2010, based on results from the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). Quarterly forecasts of energy supply and demand for 1995 and 1996 are published in the Short-Term Energy Outlook (February 1995). Forecast tables for the five cases examined in the AEO95 are provided in Appendixes A through C. Appendix A gives historical data and forecasts for selected years from 1992 through 2010 for the reference case. Appendix B presents two additional cases, which assume higher and lower economic growth than the reference case. Appendix C presents two cases that assume higher and lower world oil prices. Appendix D presents a summary of the forecasts in units of oil equivalence. Appendix E presents a summary of household energy expenditures. Appendix F provides detailed comparisons of the AEO95 forecasts with those of other organizations. Appendix G briefly describes NEMS and the major AEO95 forecast assumptions. Appendix H presents a stand-alone high electricity demand case. Appendix 1 provides a table of energy conversion factors and a table of metric conversion factors. 89 figs., 23 tabs.

NONE

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

EnergyPlus Run Time Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

net-zero energy buildings. EnergyPlus does sub-hourly calculationsnet zero energy buildings. EnergyPlus does sub-hourly whole building integrated heat balance calculations

Hong, Tianzhen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

GENERAL CIRCULATION Energy Cycle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

process. PE is useful for global energy balance. Solar radiant energy does not reach the Earth equally everywhere. On average, the tropics receive and absorb far more solar energy annually than the polar regionsGENERAL CIRCULATION Contents Energy Cycle Mean Characteristics Momentum Budget Overview Energy

Grotjahn, Richard

420

February 2010 Pasture Nitrogen Balance Worksheet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Agronomy Guide 颅 Table 1.2-14A N Recommendation (lb/A) 3 Planned Fertilizer (lb/A) 1 Residual Manure N 4 Residual Legume N (lb/A) 5 Net Nitrogen Requirement (lb/A) Calculation of Uncollected Manure Nitrogen Available N/A deposited at this stocking rate is under N balanced rate; may need

Guiltinan, Mark

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nems balances energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

RESEARCH LETTERS Vibrating insoles and balance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and such changes have been associated with diminished motor performance. Input noise can enhance sensory and motor be substantially reduced through the application of mechanical noise to the feet via vibrating insoles. We usedRESEARCH LETTERS Vibrating insoles and balance control in elderly people Attila A Priplata, James B

Collins, James J.

422

Model documentation report: Commercial Sector Demand Module of the National Energy Modeling System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the objectives, analytical approach and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Commercial Sector Demand Module. The report catalogues and describes the model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, model source code, and forecast results generated through the synthesis and scenario development based on these components. The NEMS Commercial Sector Demand Module is a simulation tool based upon economic and engineering relationships that models commercial sector energy demands at the nine Census Division level of detail for eleven distinct categories of commercial buildings. Commercial equipment selections are performed for the major fuels of electricity, natural gas, and distillate fuel, for the major services of space heating, space cooling, water heating, ventilation, cooking, refrigeration, and lighting. The algorithm also models demand for the minor fuels of residual oil, liquefied petroleum gas, steam coal, motor gasoline, and kerosene, the renewable fuel sources of wood and municipal solid waste, and the minor services of office equipment. Section 2 of this report discusses the purpose of the model, detailing its objectives, primary input and output quantities, and the relationship of the Commercial Module to the other modules of the NEMS system. Section 3 of the report describes the rationale behind the model design, providing insights into further assumptions utilized in the model development process to this point. Section 3 also reviews alternative commercial sector modeling methodologies drawn from existing literature, providing a comparison to the chosen approach. Section 4 details the model structure, using graphics and text to illustrate model flows and key computations.

NONE

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Comparison of the Different Circuits Used for Balancing the Voltage of Supercapacitors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Comparison of the Different Circuits Used for Balancing the Voltage of Supercapacitors: Studying Performance and Lifetime of Supercapacitors Yasser Diab, Pascal Venet, Gerard Rojat CEGELY UMR-CNRS 5005@cegely.univ-lyon1.fr Abstract--The main disadvantage of using supercapacitors in the field of energy storage systems

Paris-Sud XI, Universit茅 de

424

Our Forests in the [Water] Balance Water: Brought by a forest near you  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the amount and type of precipitation that falls across the western United States. Research shows a trend1 Our Forests in the [Water] Balance Water: Brought by a forest near you Water is a crucial, industry, energy, recreation, and the natural resources we manage and care about. While most citizens

425

California's Electricity Supply and Demand Balance Over the Next Five Years  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the resources of the system. The Commission's 2003 Baseline Demand forecast assumes the following assumptions September October 1 CEC 2003 Baseline Demand Forecast (1-in-2 Weather)1, 2 31 California's Electricity Supply and Demand Balance Over the Next Five Years The Energy Commission

426

Climate change and balance of trade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

dominant factor in U.S. energy markets only after 2010. Thetransformation of the U.S. energy markets, however, waschanges in energy and agriculture markets making ethanol

Hochman, Gal; Zilberman, David

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

SciTech Connect: Control and Size Energy Storage for Managing...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Control and Size Energy Storage for Managing Energy balance of Variable Generation Resources Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Control and Size Energy Storage for Managing...

428

Optimization of running strategies based on anaerobic energy and ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aug 13, 2013 ... We extend this analysis, based on the equation of motion and aerobic energy, to include a balance of anaerobic energy (or accumulated...

Amandine Aftalion

2013-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

429

Key China Energy Statistics 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Total Crude Oil Imports: 239 Mt World's Oil Consumption (consumption - Urban Statistical Difference Appendix 3: Energy Balance/China 2010 (cont抎) Mtce Crude Oilconsumption - Urban Other Statistical Difference Appendix 3: Energy Balance/China 2010 (cont抎) Physical Quantity Crude Oil

Levine, Mark

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

GEARING UP FOR ENERGY BOOM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GEARING UP FOR ENERGY BOOM SEARCH FOR BALANCE IN BOUNTIFUL FOREST THE GETTING OF WISDOM EDITION RETIREES CAN PREPARE FOR NEW IDENTITY 14 SEARCH FOR BALANCE IN A BOUNTIFUL FOREST 18 GEARING UP FOR ENERGY sourced from sustainable, well managed forests. CONTRIBUTORS LEANNE COLEMAN Mother Nature possesses

431

Refined Critical Balance in Strong Alfv閚ic Turbulence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present numerical evidence that in strong Alfv\\'enic turbulence, the critical balance principle---equality of the nonlinear decorrelation and linear propagation times---is scale invariant, in the sense that the probability distribution of the ratio of these times is independent of scale. This result only holds if the local alignment of the Elsasser fields is taken into account in calculating the nonlinear time. At any given scale, the degree of alignment is found to increase with fluctuation amplitude, supporting the idea that the cause of alignment is mutual dynamical shearing of Elsasser fields. The scale-invariance of critical balance (while all other quantities of interest are strongly intermittent, i.e., have scale-dependent distributions) suggests that it is the most robust of the scaling principles used to describe Alfv\\'enic turbulence.

A. Mallet; A. A. Schekochihin; B. D. G. Chandran

2014-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

432

The power balance method For aerodynamic performance assessment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis describes the use of the power balance method for performance estimation of aircraft configurations. In this method, mechanical power production and mechanical power consumption of the aircraft are balanced, ...

Sato, Sho, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Contacts to WTE operators in Austria using the Balance-Method to label the electricity generated  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Balance-Method is based on the mathemati- cal solution of theoretical balance equations (material,...). In particular the following balance equations are used: - Mass balance; - Ash-balance; - Carbon-balanceContacts to WTE operators in Austria using the Balance-Method to label the electricity generated

Szmolyan, Peter

434

Empirical models of emissions and energy efficiencies of coal-fired fluidized bed power plants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mass and energy balances of fluidized bed energy technologies are to a significant degree dependent upon the specific design being investigated. It is difficult to make any generally accurate comments. about these balances. ...

Gruhl, Jim

435

ANALYSIS OF POWER BALANCING WITH FUEL CELLS & HYDROGEN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ANALYSIS OF POWER BALANCING WITH FUEL CELLS & HYDROGEN PRODUCTION PLANTS IN DENMARK Support program;"Analysis of power balancing with fuel cells & hydrogen production plants in Denmark" 颅 March 2009 颅 Project ........................................................................................................................104 #12;"Analysis of power balancing with fuel cells & hydrogen production plants in Denmark" 颅 March

436

ENERGY FLOWS CLIMATE CHANGE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ENERGY FLOWS FORCINGS CLIMATE CHANGE A REALLY TOUGH PROBLEM Stephen E. Schwartz, BNL, 7-20-11 www average temperature 15掳C or 59掳F #12;ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION Power per area Energy per time per area Unit" temperature to radiative flux. #12;GLOBAL ENERGY BALANCE Global and annual average energy fluxes in watts per

Schwartz, Stephen E.

437

Development of Energy Balances for the State of California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of imported coal from Colorado, Kentucky, New Mexico, Utah,New Mexico Utah West Virginia Wyoming Kentucky Total Source: Coal

Murtishaw, Scott; Price, Lynn; de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Masanet, Eric; Worrell, Ernst; Sahtaye, Jayant

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

wellness.umd.edu 1. Choose a balanced, energy-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sporting event 30. Play an instrument 31. Write a poem or story 32. Go ice skating at Wells Ice Rink 33

Gruner, Daniel S.

439

Development of Energy Balances for the State of California  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Used for Heat in CHP Residential Non-specified (Other) TotalUsed for Heat in CHP Residential Non-specified (Other) Totalof which: CHP elec generation Residential Non-specified (

Murtishaw, Scott; Price, Lynn; de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Masanet, Eric; Worrell, Ernst; Sahtaye, Jayant

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Distinguished Lecture Series - Balancing the Energy & Climate Budget  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The average American uses 11400 Watts of power continuously. This is the equivalent of burning 114 x100 Watt light bulbs, all the time. The average person globally uses 2255 Watts of power, or a little less than 23 x100 Watt light bulbs.

None

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nems balances energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Traffic Dynamics Prospectives: From Fundamental Diagram to Energy Balance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.07.2008 Woods Hole 颅 p.1/11 #12;History The term: Automobil = Selbstfahrer (Grecian 麓o - selbst (self) and Latin.) Quelle: Wikipedia Automobil 08.07.2008 Woods Hole 颅 p.2/11 #12;Observations . . . Original pictures

Bertini, Robert L.

442

Energy balance solar on irrigated castor bean crop.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??O presente trabalho foi realizado com o objetivo de quantificar os componentes do balan胦 de energia pelo sistema da raz胦 de Bowen, BERB, sobre a (more)

Gerv胹io Fernando Alves Rios

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

First law energy balance as a data screening tool  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Agogino et al. 1988), manufacturing (Walker and Wyatt 1995), chemical engineering (Dunia et al. 1996, Tong and Crowe 1995), and nuclear power stations (Dorr et al. 1997). FDD technology was introduced into building HVAC systems in the 1970s... F? ?? totV = total air flow through HVAC system, cfm OAV = outside air intake into the building through HVAC system, cfm CLV = air volume passing through cooling coil, cfm OAW = specific humidity ratio of outside air, / irlb lb CLW...

Shao, Xiaojie

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

444

Distinguished Lecture Series - Balancing the Energy & Climate Budget  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The average American uses 11400 Watts of power continuously. This is the equivalent of burning 114 x100 Watt light bulbs, all the time. The average person globally uses 2255 Watts of power, or a little less than 23 x100 Watt light bulbs.

2010-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

445

DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY PROCUREMENT SYSTEM FY 2002 BALANCED SCORECARD :  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energyon ArmedWaste and Materials Disposition InformationWindWoodDepartmenteGallon:` [6

446

IEEE COMMUNICATIONS SURVEYS & TUTORIALS, VOL. XX, NO. XX, AUGUST 2012 1 A Survey on Geographic Load Balancing based  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Some salient features of smart grid are distributed energy production, integration with mass number Balancing based Data Center Power Management in the Smart Grid Environment Ashikur Rahman, Member, IEEE, Xue unacceptably high, and placing a heavy burden on both energy resources and the environment. Emerging smart grid

Rahman, A.K.M. Ashikur

447

Northwest Energy Market Assessment  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

is considering the design for a within-hour energy market, called a security constrained economic dispatch (SCED), for a subset of NWPP balancing areas. BPA is launching a public...

448

Model documentation: Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Model of the National Energy Modeling System; Volume 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Model (NGTDM) is a component of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) used to represent the domestic natural gas transmission and distribution system. NEMS is the third in a series of computer-based, midterm energy modeling systems used since 1974 by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) and its predecessor, the Federal Energy Administration, to analyze domestic energy-economy markets and develop projections. This report documents the archived version of NGTDM that was used to produce the natural gas forecasts used in support of the Annual Energy Outlook 1994, DOE/EIA-0383(94). The purpose of this report is to provide a reference document for model analysts, users, and the public that defines the objectives of the model, describes its basic design, provides detail on the methodology employed, and describes the model inputs, outputs, and key assumptions. It is intended to fulfill the legal obligation of the EIA to provide adequate documentation in support of its models (Public Law 94-385, Section 57.b.2). This report represents Volume 1 of a two-volume set. (Volume 2 will report on model performance, detailing convergence criteria and properties, results of sensitivity testing, comparison of model outputs with the literature and/or other model results, and major unresolved issues.) Subsequent chapters of this report provide: (1) an overview of the NGTDM (Chapter 2); (2) a description of the interface between the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) and the NGTDM (Chapter 3); (3) an overview of the solution methodology of the NGTDM (Chapter 4); (4) the solution methodology for the Annual Flow Module (Chapter 5); (5) the solution methodology for the Distributor Tariff Module (Chapter 6); (6) the solution methodology for the Capacity Expansion Module (Chapter 7); (7) the solution methodology for the Pipeline Tariff Module (Chapter 8); and (8) a description of model assumptions, inputs, and outputs (Chapter 9).

NONE

1994-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

449

Voltage balanced multilevel voltage source converter system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A voltage balanced multilevel converter for high power AC applications such as adjustable speed motor drives and back-to-back DC intertie of adjacent power systems. This converter provides a multilevel rectifier, a multilevel inverter, and a DC link between the rectifier and the inverter allowing voltage balancing between each of the voltage levels within the multilevel converter. The rectifier is equipped with at least one phase leg and a source input node for each of the phases. The rectifier is further equipped with a plurality of rectifier DC output nodes. The inverter is equipped with at least one phase leg and a load output node for each of the phases. The inverter is further equipped with a plurality of inverter DC input nodes. The DC link is equipped with a plurality of rectifier charging means and a plurality of inverter discharging means. The plurality of rectifier charging means are connected in series with one of the rectifier charging means disposed between and connected in an operable relationship with each adjacent pair of rectifier DC output nodes. The plurality of inverter discharging means are connected in series with one of the inverter discharging means disposed between and connected in an operable relationship with each adjacent pair of inverter DC input nodes. Each of said rectifier DC output nodes are individually electrically connected to the respective inverter DC input nodes. By this means, each of the rectifier DC output nodes and each of the inverter DC input nodes are voltage balanced by the respective charging and discharging of the rectifier charging means and the inverter discharging means.

Peng, Fang Zheng (Oak Ridge, TN); Lai, Jih-Sheng (Knoxville, TN)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Voltage balanced multilevel voltage source converter system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed is a voltage balanced multilevel converter for high power AC applications such as adjustable speed motor drives and back-to-back DC intertie of adjacent power systems. This converter provides a multilevel rectifier, a multilevel inverter, and a DC link between the rectifier and the inverter allowing voltage balancing between each of the voltage levels within the multilevel converter. The rectifier is equipped with at least one phase leg and a source input node for each of the phases. The rectifier is further equipped with a plurality of rectifier DC output nodes. The inverter is equipped with at least one phase leg and a load output node for each of the phases. The inverter is further equipped with a plurality of inverter DC input nodes. The DC link is equipped with a plurality of rectifier charging means and a plurality of inverter discharging means. The plurality of rectifier charging means are connected in series with one of the rectifier charging means disposed between and connected in an operable relationship with each adjacent pair of rectifier DC output nodes. The plurality of inverter discharging means are connected in series with one of the inverter discharging means disposed between and connected in an operable relationship with each adjacent pair of inverter DC input nodes. Each of said rectifier DC output nodes are individually electrically connected to the respective inverter DC input nodes. By this means, each of the rectifier DC output nodes and each of the inverter DC input nodes are voltage balanced by the respective charging and discharging of the rectifier charging means and the inverter discharging means. 15 figs.

Peng, F.Z.; Lai, J.S.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Reflective optical imaging systems with balanced distortion  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Optical systems compatible with extreme ultraviolet radiation comprising four reflective elements for projecting a mask image onto a substrate are described. The four optical elements comprise, in order from object to image, convex, concave, convex and concave mirrors. The optical systems are particularly suited for step and scan lithography methods. The invention enables the use of larger slit dimensions associated with ring field scanning optics, improves wafer throughput, and allows higher semiconductor device density. The inventive optical systems are characterized by reduced dynamic distortion because the static distortion is balanced across the slit width.

Hudyma, Russell M. (San Ramon, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Reflective optical imaging system with balanced distortion  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical system compatible with short wavelength (extreme ultraviolet) An optical system compatible with short wavelength (extreme ultraviolet) radiation comprising four reflective elements for projecting a mask image onto a substrate. The four optical elements comprise, in order from object to image, convex, concave, convex and concave mirrors. The optical system is particularly suited for step and scan lithography methods. The invention enables the use of larger slit dimensions associated with ring field scanning optics, improves wafer throughput and allows higher semiconductor device density. The inventive optical system is characterized by reduced dynamic distortion because the static distortion is balanced across the slit width.

Chapman, Henry N. (Sunol, CA); Hudyma, Russell M. (San Ramon, CA); Shafer, David R. (Fairfield, CT); Sweeney, Donald W. (San Ramon, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

The Balanced Billing Cycle Vehicle Routing Problem  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Utility companies typically send their meter readers out each day of the billing cycle in order to determine each customer s usage for the period. Customer churn requires the utility company to periodically remove some customer locations from its meter-reading routes. On the other hand, the addition of new customers and locations requires the utility company to add newstops to the existing routes. A utility that does not adjust its meter-reading routes over time can find itself with inefficient routes and, subsequently, higher meter-reading costs. Furthermore, the utility can end up with certain billing days that require substantially larger meter-reading resources than others. However, remedying this problem is not as simple as it may initially seem. Certain regulatory and customer service considerations can prevent the utility from shifting a customer s billing day by more than a few days in either direction. Thus, the problem of reducing the meterreading costs and balancing the workload can become quite difficult. We describe this Balanced Billing Cycle Vehicle Routing Problem in more detail and develop an algorithm for providing solutions to a slightly simplified version of the problem. Our algorithm uses a combination of heuristics and integer programming via a three-stage algorithm. We discuss the performance of our procedure on a real-world data set.

Groer, Christopher S [ORNL; Golden, Bruce [University of Maryland; Edward, Wasil [American University

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Energy  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofof EnergyYou$ EGcG ENERGY MEASUREMENTS;/:4,4 (; . 1.;Suire

455

Bold Step by the World to Fusion Energy: ITER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE DESIGN OF ITER 路 ITER PROJECT & ROLE OF THE UNITED STATES 路 PATH FROM ITER TO PRACTICAL FUSION POWER #12;Elements of a D-T Fusion Energy System ~ D-Li Plasma Heating Drivers or Confinement Balance of PlantD = nT = n TOTAL THERMAL ENERGY IN FUSION FUEL, DEFINE "ENERGY CONFINEMENT TIME", E ENERGY BALANCE dW d

456

Fear: A Fuzzy-based Energy-aware Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many energy-aware routing protocols have been proposed for wireless sensor networks. Most of them are only energy savers and do not take care about energy balancing. The energy saver protocols try to decrease the energy consumption of the network as a whole; however the energy manager protocols balance the energy consumption in the network to avoid network partitioning. This means that energy saver protocols are not necessarily energy balancing and vice versa. However, the lifetime of wireless sensor network is strictly depending on energy consumption; therefore, energy management is an essential task to be considered. This paper proposes an energy aware routing protocol, named FEAR, which considers energy balancing and energy saving. It finds a fair trade-off between energy balancing and energy saving by fuzzy set concept. FEAR routing protocol is simulated and evaluated by Glomosim simulator.

Ahvar, Ehsan; Piran, Mohammad Jalil

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Transportation Sector Model of the National Energy Modeling System. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the objectives, analytical approach and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Transportation Model (TRAN). The report catalogues and describes the model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, model source code, and forecast results generated by the model. The NEMS Transportation Model comprises a series of semi-independent models which address different aspects of the transportation sector. The primary purpose of this model is to provide mid-term forecasts of transportation energy demand by fuel type including, but not limited to, motor gasoline, distillate, jet fuel, and alternative fuels (such as CNG) not commonly associated with transportation. The current NEMS forecast horizon extends to the year 2010 and uses 1990 as the base year. Forecasts are generated through the separate consideration of energy consumption within the various modes of transport, including: private and fleet light-duty vehicles; aircraft; marine, rail, and truck freight; and various modes with minor overall impacts, such as mass transit and recreational boating. This approach is useful in assessing the impacts of policy initiatives, legislative mandates which affect individual modes of travel, and technological developments. The model also provides forecasts of selected intermediate values which are generated in order to determine energy consumption. These elements include estimates of passenger travel demand by automobile, air, or mass transit; estimates of the efficiency with which that demand is met; projections of vehicle stocks and the penetration of new technologies; and estimates of the demand for freight transport which are linked to forecasts of industrial output. Following the estimation of energy demand, TRAN produces forecasts of vehicular emissions of the following pollutants by source: oxides of sulfur, oxides of nitrogen, total carbon, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and volatile organic compounds.

NONE

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Behavioral Perspectives on Home Energy Audits: The Role of Auditors, Labels, Reports, and Audit Tools on Homeowner Decision Making  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

City 燣ight抯 爌rogram 燿esign 爓as 燼 燿eliberate balance 爋f 爌roviding 燼 燾omparable 燼sset-?based 爃ome energy

Ingle, Aaron

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Thermal balance and photon-number quantization in layered structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The quantization of the electromagnetic field in lossy and dispersive dielectric media has been widely studied during the last few decades. However, several aspects of energy transfer and its relation to consistently defining position-dependent ladder operators for the electromagnetic field in nonequilibrium conditions have partly escaped the attention. In this work we define the position-dependent ladder operators and an effective local photon-number operator that are consistent with the canonical commutation relations and use these concepts to describe the energy transfer and thermal balance in layered geometries. This approach results in a position-dependent photon-number concept that is simple and consistent with classical energy conservation arguments. The operators are formed by first calculating the vector potential operator using Green's function formalism and Langevin noise source operators related to the medium and its temperature, and then defining the corresponding position-dependent annihilation operator that is required to satisfy the canonical commutation relations in arbitrary geometry. Our results suggest that the effective photon number associated with the electric field is generally position dependent and enables a straightforward method to calculate the energy transfer rate between the field and the local medium. In particular, our results predict that the effective photon number in a vacuum cavity formed between two lossy material layers can oscillate as a function of the position suggesting that also the local field temperature oscillates. These oscillations are expected to be directly observable using relatively straightforward experimental setups in which the field-matter interaction is dominated by the coupling to the electric field.

Mikko Partanen; Teppo H鋣rynen; Jani Oksanen; Jukka Tulkki

2014-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

460

Cooperation Among Balancing Authorities Offers Greater Use of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

the Variable Generation Subcommittee at the Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC) has been investigating the benefits of cooperation between Balancing Authorities (BAs)...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nems balances energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Balance of Plant Needs and Integration of Stack Components for...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Needs and Integration of Stack Components for Stationary Power and CHP Applications Balance of Plant Needs and Integration of Stack Components for Stationary Power and CHP...

462

Power Electronics and Balance of System Hardware Technologies  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

DOE is targeting solar technology improvements related to power electronics and balance of system (BOS) hardware technologies to reduce the installed cost of solar photovoltaic (PV) electricity and...

463

FY 2010 Report on Uncosted Balances  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGY TAX POLICIES ANDIndustrial HygieneEnergy Nevada3,4 Report to7United States

464

New Method and Reporting of Uncertainty in LBNL National Energy Modeling System Runs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GPRA Runs 3. Conclusion LBNL set out to establish a standarduncertainty into typical, LBNL-NEMS runs completed for GPRAwill be produced together with all future LBNL-NEMS runs.

Gumerman, Etan Z.; LaCommare, Kristina Hamachi; Marnay, Chris

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Internal combustion engine cylinder-to-cylinder balancing with balanced air-fuel ratios  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of balancing combustion among cylinders of an internal combustion engine. For each cylinder, a normalized peak firing pressure is calculated as the ratio of its peak firing pressure to its combustion pressure. Each cylinder's normalized peak firing pressure is compared to a target value for normalized peak firing pressure. The fuel flow is adjusted to any cylinder whose normalized peak firing pressure is not substantially equal to the target value.

Harris, Ralph E.; Bourn, Gary D.; Smalley, Anthony J.

2006-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

466

Online Load Balancing for Related Machines 1 Piotr Berman  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

), the load of a machine i in schedule s and Load(s), the load of entire schedule s as follows: load(s; i) = 1On颅line Load Balancing for Related Machines 1 Piotr Berman The Pennsylvania State University of randomized algorithms for this problem. Key Words: on颅line algorithm, load balancing, related machines

Charikar, Moses

467

Randomized Load Balancing by Joining and Splitting Bins James Aspnes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Consider the following load balancing scenario: a certain amount of work load is distributed among a setRandomized Load Balancing by Joining and Splitting Bins James Aspnes Yitong Yin 搂 1 Introduction, one of the existing machines gives some of its load to the new machine; and upon a departure

Aspnes, James

468

Scalable Load Distribution and Load Balancing for Dynamic Parallel Programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

shown that the algorithm scales according to the definition of scalability given following. LoadScalable Load Distribution and Load Balancing for Dynamic Parallel Programs E. Berger and J. C of an integrated load distribution-load balancing algorithm which was targeted to be both efficient and scalable

Berger, Emery

469

SURF 2005; final report Load Balancing Strategies for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SURF 2005; final report Load Balancing Strategies for Parallel SAMR Algorithms A Study of partial differential equations are important in many areas of science and technology. Only adaptive mesh in a load-balanced manner is even more difficult than for unstructured mesh refinement techniques. Therefore

470

A Practical Approach to Dynamic Load Balancing Jerrell Watts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transfer Vector Calculation 垄 隆 垄 拢 陇 拢 垄 隆 垄 垄 隆 垄 隆 垄 隆 垄 拢 陇 拢 垄 陇 拢 垄 8 2.3.1 Heat DiffusionA Practical Approach to Dynamic Load Balancing Jerrell Watts Scalable Concurrent Programming versions of the node adaption and movement routines which were used by the load balancing code; he also

471

Spatial and Temporal Scales of Sverdrup Balance* MATTHEW D. THOMAS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sciences and Bolin Centre for Climate Research, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden HELEN L. JOHNSON adjustment occurring on time scales consistent with the basin-crossing times for Rossby waves, as predicted). Sverdrup balance describes a simple yet powerful balance between the wind stress curl and the depth

Stevens, David

472

Heuristics for Balancing Turbine Fans Samir V. Amiouny  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reiger, 1986. In some cases, such as in the constructionof hydraulic, steam or gas turbines, fan bladesHeuristics for Balancing Turbine Fans Samir V. Amiouny John J. Bartholdi, III John H. Vande Vate April 20, 1997 Abstract We develop heuristics for a problem that models the static balancing of turbine

Bartholdi III, John J.

473

An Equilibrium Balance of the Universe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An alternative cosmological model is presented, which avoids the requirement of dark energy and dark matter. Based on the proposition that energy conservation should be valid not only locally but also globally, the energy tensor of general relativity has to be corrected, including potential energy of matter explicitly. This leads to the consequence that a homogeneous universe must be static, as potential energy acts as a field with negative pressure. In this static universe cosmological red shift can be understood as energy loss by gravitational radiation. There exists a continuous matter cycle, beginning from hot intergalactic plasma, which is replenished by the jets of quasars, the formation of large web-like structures, the formation of galaxies and stars, to the final collapse into quasars again. The model is confirmed qualitatively by the observed size distribution of cosmic structures. Quantitative confirmation is obtained from the diffuse x-ray background and from observations of supernovas. As the total energy content of the universe (trace of the energy tensor) is zero in this model, creation ex nihilo is possible, but requires changes of our elementary particle models. An idea of a modified model is presented.

Ernst Fischer

2007-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

474

A national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy to other customers outside the balancing area. This provides a benefit to the sellersA national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future Examination of Capacity

475

David et al.: Estimated N Balances for Illinois TheScientificWorld (2001) 1(S2), 597604 Research Article  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

597 David et al.: Estimated N Balances for Illinois TheScientificWorld (2001) 1(S2), 597颅604 Research Article Optimizing Nitrogen Management in Food and Energy Production and Environmental Protection unit area to the Mississippi River system coming from Iowa and Illinois. We used historic and current

David, Mark B.

476

E. Guilyardi G. Madec L. Terray The role of lateral ocean physics in the upper ocean thermal balance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

inertia and to its opacity, the ocean stores vast amounts of energy, away from a direct contactE. Guilyardi 谩 G. Madec 谩 L. Terray The role of lateral ocean physics in the upper ocean thermal balance of a coupled ocean-atmosphere GCM Received: 24 January 2000 / Accepted: 11 September 2000 Abstract

Guilyardi, Eric

477

World copper smelter sulfur balance-1988  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1989, the US Bureau of Mines initiated a contract to gather engineering, operating, and environmental cost data for 1988 for 30 major foreign primary copper smelters in market economy countries. Data were collected for 29 of the designated smelters together with information on applicable environmental regulations. Materials balance data obtained were used with available data for the eight US smelters to determine the approximate extent of copper smelter sulfur emission control in 1988. A broad characterization of the status of sulfur emission control regulation was made. The 37 US and foreign smelters represented roughly 73.2% of world and 89.3% of market economy primary copper production in 1988. The 29 non-US smelters attained 55.3% control of their input sulfur in 1988. Combined with the 90.4% control of US smelters, an aggregate 63.4% sulfur control existed. Roughly 1,951,100 mt of sulfur was emitted from the 37 market economy smelters in 1988. Identifiable SO[sub 2] control regulations covered 72.4% of the 29 foreign smelters, representing 65.5% of smelting capacity. Including US smelters, 78.4% of the major market economy smelters were regulated, representing 73.1% of smelting capacity. Significant changes since 1988 that may increase sulfur emission control are noted.

Towle, S.W. (Bureau of Mines, Denver, CO (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Hydro-Balanced Stuffing Box field test  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Hydro-Balanced Stuffing Box is a seal assembly for polished rod pumping installations commonly used in oil and gas pumping well installations to contain produced well fluids. The improved stuffing box was developed and patented by Harold H. Palmour of The Palmour Group of Livingston, TX. The stuffing box is designed to reduce the incidence of seal leakage and to utilize an environmentally safe fluid, so that if there is any leakage, environmental damage is reduced or eliminated. The unit was tested on two wells at the Rocky Mountain Oilfield Testing Center. During the test period, the performance of the stuffing box was measured by monitoring the pressure on the tubing and the inner chamber with a Barton Two-pen recorder. The amount of safe fluid consumed, fluid leakage at the top of the stuffing box, pressure supplied from the nitrogen bottle, ambient temperature, and polish rod temperature was recorded. The stuffing box is capable of providing a better seal between well fluids an d the environment than conventional stuffing boxes. It allows the polished rod to operate cooler and with lubrication, extending the life of the packing elements, and reducing the amount of attention required to prevent leakage.

Giangiacomo, L.A.

1999-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

479

Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series toESnet4: Networking for37 East and WestLydiaEnabling timeEnergeticsEnergy

480

Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert Southwest Region service area. TheEPSCI Home It is the|ResourcesCareersEmploymentEnergy

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nems balances energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Large-amplitude solitons in gravitationally balanced quantum plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using the quantum fluid model for self-gravitating quantum plasmas with the Bernoulli pseudopotential method and taking into account the relativistic degeneracy effect, it is shown that gravity-induced large-amplitude density rarefaction solitons can exist in gravitationally balanced quantum plasmas. These nonlinear solitons are generated due to the force imbalance between the gravity and the quantum fluid pressure via local density perturbations, similar to that on shallow waters. It is found that both the fluid mass-density and the atomic-number of the constituent ions have significant effect on the amplitude and width of these solitonic profiles. Existence of a large-scale gravity-induced solitonic activities on neutron-star surface, for instance, can be a possible explanation for the recently proposed resonant shattering mechanism [D. Tsang et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 011102 (2012)] causing the intense short gamma ray burst phenomenon, in which release of ?10{sup 46}10{sup 47} ergs would be possible from the surface. The resonant shattering of the crust in a neutron star has been previously attributed to the crust-core interface mode and the tidal surface tensions. We believe that current model can be a more natural explanation for the energy liberation by solitonic activities on the neutron star surfaces, without a requirement for external mergers like other neutron stars or black holes for the crustal shatter.

Akbari-Moghanjoughi, M. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Sciences, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, 51745-406 Tabriz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); International Centre for Advanced Studies in Physical Sciences and Institute for Theoretical Physics, Ruhr University Bochum, D-44780 Bochum (Germany)

2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

482

Building America Case Study: Balancing Hydronic Systems in Multifamily Buildings, Chicago, Illinois (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In multifamily hydronic systems, temperature imbalance may be caused by undersized piping, improperly adjusted balancing valves, inefficient water temperature and flow levels, and owner/occupant interaction with the boilers, distribution and controls. The effects of imbalance include tenant discomfort, higher energy use intensity and inefficient building operation. This paper explores cost-effective distribution upgrades and balancing measures in multifamily hydronic systems, providing a resource to contractors, auditors, and building owners on best practices to improve tenant comfort and lower operating costs. The research was conducted by The Partnership for Advanced Residential Retrofit (PARR) in conjunction with Elevate Energy. The team surveyed existing knowledge on cost-effective retrofits for optimizing distribution in typical multifamily hydronic systems, with the aim of identifying common situations and solutions, and then conducted case studies on two Chicago area buildings with known balancing issues in order to quantify the extent of temperature imbalance. At one of these buildings a booster pump was installed on a loop to an underheated wing of the building. This study found that unit temperature in a multifamily hydronic building can vary as much as 61 degrees F, particularly if windows are opened or tenants use intermittent supplemental heating sources like oven ranges. Average temperature spread at the building as a result of this retrofit decreased from 22.1 degrees F to 15.5 degrees F.

Not Available

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Energy Department Announces $2.5 Million to Advance Technologies...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

and national laboratory partners on a balanced portfolio of research in biomass feedstocks and conversion technologies. The Energy Department also works through the Clean...

484

Energy Department Announces $10 Million for Technologies to Produce...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

and national laboratory partners on a balanced portfolio of research in biomass feedstocks and conversion technologies. Addthis Related Articles Energy Department...

485

Our Team | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

success to serious games like this one. He has worked closely with the Department of Energy to ensure our game strikes the right balance as an education and recruitment tool...

486

Energy Analysis of the Corn-Ethanol Biofuel Cycle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy Analysis of the Corn-Ethanol Biofuel Cycle First Draft Tad W. Patzek Department of Civil legitimately ask: Why do the various energy balances of the corn-ethanol cycle still differ so much? Why do some authors claim that the corn-ethanol cycle has a positive net energy balance (Wang et al., 1997

Patzek, Tadeusz W.

487

A comparison of material balance calculations based on equilibrium ratios with Schilthuis balance calculations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Liquid Phases for Assumed Initial Volume of 3, 900, 000, 000 Barrels. 31 ABSTRACT The theory of the material balance based on equihbrium ratios is described. The Kelley-Snyder field is described and a calculation of oil in place by the Schilthuis...& noglectbag the pres?ace of a water drive might ~ the high value of 4x 000, 000?000 barrels, and would if included, briag this value mox's into line with the others, Any water drive that would cause such effects would have to be from a limited aquifer...

Clanton, John L

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

488

Modular Approach for Continuous Cell-Level Balancing to Improve Performance of Large Battery Packs: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Energy storage systems require battery cell balancing circuits to avoid divergence of cell state of charge (SOC). A modular approach based on distributed continuous cell-level control is presented that extends the balancing function to higher level pack performance objectives such as improving power capability and increasing pack lifetime. This is achieved by adding DC-DC converters in parallel with cells and using state estimation and control to autonomously bias individual cell SOC and SOC range, forcing healthier cells to be cycled deeper than weaker cells. The result is a pack with improved degradation characteristics and extended lifetime. The modular architecture and control concepts are developed and hardware results are demonstrated for a 91.2-Wh battery pack consisting of four series Li-ion battery cells and four dual active bridge (DAB) bypass DC-DC converters.

Muneed ur Rehman, M.; Evzelman, M.; Hathaway, K.; Zane, R.; Plett, G. L.; Smith, K.; Wood, E.; Maksimovic, D.

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

On power-counting renormalizability of Ho?ava gravity with detailed balance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the version of Ho\\v{r}ava gravity where "detailed balance" is consistently implemented, such as to limitate the huge proliferation of couplings in the full theory and to obtain an healthy dynamics at low-energy. Since a superpotential which is third-order in spatial derivatives is not sufficient to guarantee the power-counting renormalizability of the spin-0 graviton, then one needs to go an order beyond in derivatives, building up a superpotential up to fourth-order spatial derivatives. Here, we perturb the action to quadratic order around flat space, and show that power-counting renormalizability of the spin-0 graviton is achieved only by setting to zero a specific coupling of the theory, while the spin-2 graviton is always power-counting renormalizable for any choice of the couplings. This result raises serious doubts about the use of detailed balance.

Daniele Vernieri

2015-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

490

On power-counting renormalizability of Ho\\v{r}ava gravity with detailed balance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the version of Ho\\v{r}ava gravity where "detailed balance" is consistently implemented, such as to limitate the huge proliferation of couplings in the full theory and to obtain an healthy dynamics at low-energy. Since a superpotential which is third-order in spatial derivatives is not sufficient to guarantee the power-counting renormalizability of the spin-0 graviton, then one needs to go an order beyond in derivatives, building up a superpotential up to fourth-order spatial derivatives. Here, we perturb the action to quadratic order around flat space, and show that power-counting renormalizability of the spin-0 graviton is achieved only by setting to zero a specific coupling of the theory, while the spin-2 graviton is always power-counting renormalizable for any choice of the couplings. This result raises serious doubts about the use of detailed balance.

Vernieri, Daniele

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Energy Research and Development Division FINAL PROJECT REPORT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Dean Fennell at the Energy Information Administration; Larry Hunsaker, Marc Vayssieres, and Webster Energy Research and Development Division FINAL PROJECT REPORT CALIFORNIA ENERGY BALANCE UPDATE AND DECOMPOSITION ANALYSIS FOR THE INDUSTRY AND BUILDING SECTORS APRIL 2013

492

Overview of Recycling Technology R&D | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L d F SSales LLCDieselEnergy Joining ActivitiesNEMS-H2,1 DOE3

493

Analysis Methodology for Balancing Authority Cooperation in High Penetration of Variable Generation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With the rapidly growing penetration level of wind and solar generation, the challenges of managing variability and the uncertainty of intermittent renewable generation become more and more significant. The problem of power variability and uncertainty gets exacerbated when each balancing authority (BA) works locally and separately to balance its own subsystem. The virtual BA concept means various forms of collaboration between individual BAs must manage power variability and uncertainty. The virtual BA will have a wide area control capability in managing its operational balancing requirements in different time frames. This coordination results in the improvement of efficiency and reliability of power system operation while facilitating the high level integration of green, intermittent energy resources. Several strategies for virtual BA implementation, such as ACE diversity interchange (ADI), wind only BA, BA consolidation, dynamic scheduling, regulation and load following sharing, extreme event impact study are discussed in this report. The objective of such strategies is to allow individual BAs within a large power grid to help each other deal with power variability. Innovative methods have been developed to simulate the balancing operation of BAs. These methods evaluate the BA operation through a number of metrics such as capacity, ramp rate, ramp duration, energy and cycling requirements to evaluate the performances of different virtual BA strategies. The report builds a systematic framework for evaluating BA consolidation and coordination. Results for case studies show that significant economic and reliability benefits can be gained. The merits and limitation of each virtual BA strategy are investigated. The report provides guidelines for the power industry to evaluate the coordination or consolidation method. The application of the developed strategies in cooperation with several regional BAs is in progress for several off-spring projects.

Makarov, Yuri V.; Etingov, Pavel V.; Zhou, Ning; Ma, Jian; Samaan, Nader A.; Diao, Ruisheng; Malhara, Sunita V.; Guttromson, Ross T.; Du, Pengwei; Sastry, Chellury

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Evidence of critical balance in kinetic Alfven wave turbulence simulations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A numerical simulation of kinetic plasma turbulence is performed to assess the applicability of critical balance to kinetic, dissipation scale turbulence. The analysis is performed in the frequency domain to obviate complications inherent in performing a local analysis of turbulence. A theoretical model of dissipation scale critical balance is constructed and compared to simulation results, and excellent agreement is found. This result constitutes the first evidence of critical balance in a kinetic turbulence simulation and provides evidence of an anisotropic turbulence cascade extending into the dissipation range. We also perform an Eulerian frequency analysis of the simulation data and compare it to the results of a previous study of magnetohydrodynamic turbulence simulations.

TenBarge, J. M.; Howes, G. G. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242 (United States)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

495

Control of carbon balance in a silicon smelting furnace  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention is a process for the carbothermic reduction of silicon dioxide to form elemental silicon. Carbon balance of the process is assessed by measuring the amount of carbon monoxide evolved in offgas exiting the furnace. A ratio of the amount of carbon monoxide evolved and the amount of silicon dioxide added to the furnace is determined. Based on this ratio, the carbon balance of the furnace can be determined and carbon feed can be adjusted to maintain the furnace in carbon balance.

Dosaj, V.D.; Haines, C.M.; May, J.B.; Oleson, J.D.

1992-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

496

The Energy Technologist  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIST Adrian J. Tumber Mohawk College Hamilton, Ontario, Canada ABSTRACT The special need for personnel to assist with energy management in the industrial and commercial/institutional sectors has resulted in a new three.... Balancing our energy budget, if that is ever to "'l be achieved, will be as a result of i~1 increasing our energy supplies, and by reducing consumption, that is, by conservation. Ted J. Molczan Canada Packers Inc. Toronto, Ontario, Canada...

Tumber, A. J.; Molczan, T. J.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Examination of the Regional Supply and Demand Balance for Renewable Electricity in the United States through 2015: Projecting from 2009 through 2015 (Revised)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report examines the balance between the demand and supply of new renewable electricity in the United States on a regional basis through 2015. It expands on a 2007 NREL study that assessed the supply and demand balance on a national basis. As with the earlier study, this analysis relies on estimates of renewable energy supplies compared to demand for renewable energy generation needed to meet existing state renewable portfolio standard (RPS) policies in 28 states, as well as demand by consumers who voluntarily purchase renewable energy. However, it does not address demand by utilities that may procure cost-effective renewables through an integrated resource planning process or otherwise.

Bird, L.; Hurlbut, D.; Donohoo, P.; Cory, K.; Kreycik, C.

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Energy  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines AboutDecember 2005 (Thousand9,0, 1997Environment > Voluntary826Industry forEmergingM

499

ENERGY  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists'Montana.Program - LibbyofThisStatement ||More EmphasisofEMABTank WasteEnvironmental

500

Material Balance Report NRC 742u  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartmentNationalRestart of the Review of theOFFICEACMEFUTUREMain Draft SEIS References11.a