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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "necessitate substantially increased" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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1

Uprates can increase U.S. nuclear capacity substantially without ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The electrical output of the nuclear power plant fleet can be increased either by constructing new plants or by 'uprating' operating plants.

2

Substantial Transformation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4 4 Recovery Act/Buy American Information Related to Substantial Transformation GUIDANCE ON MANUFACTURED GOODS AND SUBSTANTIAL TRANSFORMATION FOR FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE AWARDS Section 1605 of the Recovery Act states, "None of the funds appropriated or otherwise made available by this Act may be used for a project for the construction, alteration, maintenance, or repair of a public building or public work unless all of the iron, steel, and manufactured goods used in the project are produced in the United States." The Office of Management and Budget's (OMB) guidance on implementing this section defines "manufactured good" as a "good brought to the construction site for incorporation into

3

~A four carbon alcohol. It has double the amount of carbon of ethanol, which equates to a substantial increase in harvestable energy (Btu's).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to a substantial increase in harvestable energy (Btu's). ~Butanol is safer to handle with a Reid Value of 0.33 psi is easily recovered, increasing the energy yield of a bushel of corn by an additional 18 percent over the energy yield of ethanol produced from the same quantity of corn. ~Current butanol prices as a chemical

Toohey, Darin W.

4

Combined inactivation of the Clostridium cellulolyticum lactate and malate dehydrogenase genes substantially increases ethanol yield from cellulose and switchgrass fermentations  

SciTech Connect

Background: The model bacterium Clostridium cellulolyticum efficiently hydrolyzes crystalline cellulose and hemicellulose, using cellulosomes to degrade lignocellulosic biomass. Although it imports and ferments both pentose and hexose sugars to produce a mixture of ethanol, acetate, lactate, H2 and CO2, the proportion of ethanol is low, which impedes its use in consolidated bioprocessing for biofuels. Therefore genetic engineering will likely be required to improve the ethanol yield. Random mutagenesis, plasmid transformation, and heterologous expression systems have previously been developed for C. cellulolyticum, but targeted mutagenesis has not been reported for this organism. Results: The first targeted gene inactivation system was developed for C. cellulolyticum, based on a mobile group II intron originating from the Lactococcus lactis L1.LtrB intron. This markerless mutagenesis system was used to disrupt both the paralogous L-lactate dehydrogenase (Ccel_2485; ldh) and L-malate dehydrogenase (Ccel_0137; mdh) genes, distinguishing the overlapping substrate specificities of these enzymes. Both mutations were then combined in a single strain. This double mutant produced 8.5-times more ethanol than wild-type cells growing on crystalline cellulose. Ethanol constituted 93% of the major fermentation products (by molarity), corresponding to a molar ratio of ethanol to organic acids of 15, versus 0.18 in wild-type cells. During growth on acid-pretreated switchgrass, the double mutant also produced four-times as much ethanol as wild-type cells. Detailed metabolomic analyses identified increased flux through the oxidative branch of the mutant s TCA pathway. Conclusions: The efficient intron-based gene inactivation system produced the first gene-targeted mutations in C. cellulolyticum. As a key component of the genetic toolbox for this bacterium, markerless targeted mutagenesis enables functional genomic research in C. cellulolyticum and rapid genetic engineering to significantly alter the mixture of fermentation products. The initial application of this system successfully engineered a strain with high ethanol productivity from complex biomass substrates.

Li, Yongchao [ORNL; Tschaplinski, Timothy J [ORNL; Engle, Nancy L [ORNL; Hamilton, Choo Yieng [ORNL; Rodriguez, Jr., Miguel [ORNL; Liao, James C [ORNL; Schadt, Christopher Warren [ORNL; Guss, Adam M [ORNL; Yang, Yunfeng [ORNL; Graham, David E [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Opportunities to Substantially Increase Technology Transfer in ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... be able to assist small businesses in securing state or ... plans are: • DOE initiated a new program, “America's Next Top Energy Innovator,” that ...

2013-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

6

Production of substantially pure fructose  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process is disclosed for the production of substantially pure fructose from sucrose-containing substrates. The process comprises converting the sucrose to levan and glucose, purifying the levan by membrane technology, hydrolyzing the levan to form fructose monomers, and recovering the fructose.

Hatcher, Herbert J. (Idaho Falls, ID); Gallian, John J. (Twin Falls, ID); Leeper, Stephen A. (Idaho Falls, ID)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Avoided Electricity Subsidy Payments Can Finance Substantial...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Avoided Electricity Subsidy Payments Can Finance Substantial Appliance Efficiency Incentive Programs: Case Study of Mexico Title Avoided Electricity Subsidy Payments Can Finance...

8

Substantially self-powered fluid turbines  

SciTech Connect

A method is provided for substantially self-powering turbines by expanding compressed gases released downhole or in adjacent formations. These gases do work in the turbines as the gases expand toward atmospheric pressure at the earth's surface. The method offers alternative and supplemental approaches to recovering hydrocarbon gases, water vapor, carbon dioxide, other gases, and petroleum from watered out wells and from deep or hot wells.

Elliott, G. R. B.; Houseman, B. L.; McDaniel, W.

1985-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

9

Method of sealing an ultracapacitor substantially free of water  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A method of sealing an ultracapacitor substantially free of water is disclosed. The method includes providing a multilayer cell comprising two solid, non porous current collectors, separated by two porous electrodes with a separator between the two electrodes, sealing the cell with a reclosable hermetic closure. Water inside the closure is dissociated by an applied voltage to the cell and escapes in the form of hydrogen and oxygen when the closure is unmated, the closure is then mated to hermetically seal the cell which is substantially free of water.

Chapman-Irwin, Patricia (Altamont, NY); Feist, Thomas Paul (Clifton Park, NY)

2002-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

10

Cavitation contributes substantially to tensile creep in silicon nitride  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During tensile creep of a hot isostatically pressed (HIPed) silicon nitride, the volume fraction of cavities increases linearly with strain; these cavities produce nearly all of the measured strain. In contrast, compressive creep in the same stress and temperature range produces very little cavitation. A stress exponent that increases with stress ({dot {var_epsilon}} {proportional_to} {sigma}{sup n}, 2 < n < 7) characterizes the tensile creep response, while the compressive creep response exhibits a stress dependence of unity. Furthermore, under the same stress and temperature, the material creeps nearly 100 times faster in tension than in compression. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) indicates that the cavities formed during tensile creep occur in pockets of residual crystalline silicate phase located at silicon nitride multigrain junctions. Small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) from crept material quantifies the size distribution of cavities observed in TEM and demonstrates that cavity addition, rather than cavity growth, dominates the cavitation process. These observations are in accord with a model for creep based on the deformation of granular materials in which the microstructure must dilate for individual grains t slide past one another. During tensile creep the silicon nitride grains remain rigid; cavitation in the multigrain junctions allows the silicate to flow from cavities to surrounding silicate pockets, allowing the dilation of the microstructure and deformation of the material. Silicon nitride grain boundary sliding accommodates this expansion and leads to extension of the specimen. In compression, where cavitation is suppressed, deformation occurs by solution-reprecipitation of silicon nitride.

Luecke, W.E.; Wiederhorn, S.M.; Hockey, B.J.; Krause, R.F. Jr.; Long, G.G. [National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (United States)

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Combined inactivation of the Clostridium cellulolyticum lactate and malate dehydrogenase genes substantially increases ethanol yield from cellulose and switchgrass fermentations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

feedstock on earth for biofuel production [1]. However, the economic feasibility and sustainability of cellulosic

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Combined inactivation of the Clostridium cellulolyticum lactate and malate dehydrogenase genes substantially increases ethanol yield from cellulose and switchgrass fermentations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

feedstock on earth for biofuel production [1]. However, therequired to enhance biofuel production. Rational metabolic

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Temperature limited heater with a conduit substantially electrically isolated from the formation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for heating a hydrocarbon containing formation is described. A conduit may be located in an opening in the formation. The conduit includes ferromagnetic material. An electrical conductor is positioned inside the conduit, and is electrically coupled to the conduit at or near an end portion of the conduit so that the electrical conductor and the conduit are electrically coupled in series. Electrical current flows in the electrical conductor in a substantially opposite direction to electrical current flow in the conduit during application of electrical current to the system. The flow of electrons is substantially confined to the inside of the conduit by the electromagnetic field generated from electrical current flow in the electrical conductor so that the outside surface of the conduit is at or near substantially zero potential at 25.degree. C. The conduit may generate heat and heat the formation during application of electrical current.

Vinegar, Harold J. (Bellaire, TX); Sandberg, Chester Ledlie (Palo Alto, CA)

2009-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

14

Department of Energy Finalizes Regulations to Increase Energy...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Order (EO 13423), announced earlier this year, which directed federal agencies to reduce energy intensity and greenhouse gas emissions; substantially increase use and efficiency...

15

Substantially self-powered method and apparatus for recovering hydrocarbons from hydrocarbon-containing solid hydrates  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus are provided for producing gaseous hydrocarbons from formations comprising solid hydrocarbon hydrates located under either a body of land or a body of water. The vast natural resources of such hydrocarbon hydrates can thus now be economically mined. Relatively warm brine or water is brought down from an elevation above that of the hydrates through a portion of the apparatus and passes in contact with the hydrates, thus melting them. The liquid then continues up another portion of the apparatus, carrying entrained hydrocarbon vapors in the form of bubbles, which can easily be separated from the liquid. After a short startup procedure, the process and apparatus are substantially self-powered.

Elliott, Guy R. B. (Los Alamos, NM); Barraclough, Bruce L. (Santa Fe, NM); Vanderborgh, Nicholas E. (Los Alamos, NM)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Substantially self-powered method and apparatus for recovering hydrocarbons from hydrocarbon-containing solid hydrates  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and apparatus are provided for producing gaseous hydrocarbons from formations comprising solid hydrocarbon hydrates located under either a body of land or a body of water. The vast natural resources of such hydrocarbon hydrates can thus now be economically mined. Relatively warm brine or water is brought down from an elevation above that of the hydrates through a portion of the apparatus, and passes in contact with the hydrates, thus melting them. The liquid then continues up another portion of the apparatus carrying entrained hydrocarbon vapors in the form of bubbles, which can easily be separated from the liquid. After a short startup procedure, the process and apparatus are substantially self-powered.

Elliott, G.R.B.; Barraclough, B.L.; Vanderborgh, N.E.

1981-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

17

Technical considerations for evaluating substantially complete containment of high-level waste within the waste package  

SciTech Connect

This report deals with technical information that is considered essential for demonstrating the ability of the high-level radioactive waste package to provide substantially complete containment'' of its contents (vitrified waste form or spent light-water reactor fuel) for a period of 300 to 1000 years in a geological repository environment. The discussion is centered around technical considerations of the repository environment, materials and fabrication processes for the waste package components, various degradation modes of the materials of construction of the waste packages, and inspection and monitoring of the waste package during the preclosure and retrievability period, which could begin up to 50 years after initiation of waste emplacement. The emphasis in this report is on metallic materials. However, brief references have been made to other materials such as ceramics, graphite, bonded ceramic-metal systems, and other types of composites. The content of this report was presented to an external peer review panel of nine members at a workshop held at the Center for Nuclear Waste Regulatory Analyses (CNWRA), Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, Texas, April 2--4, 1990. The recommendations of the peer review panel have been incorporated in this report. There are two companion reports; the second report in the series provides state-of-the-art techniques for uncertainty evaluations. 97 refs., 1 fig.

Manaktala, H.K. (Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (USA). Center for Nuclear Waste Regulatory Analyses); Interrante, C.G. (Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC (USA). Div. of High-Level Waste Management)

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Green Vegetable Oil ProcessingChapter 11 Dry Condensing Vacuum Systems for Deodorizers for Substantial Energy Savings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Green Vegetable Oil Processing Chapter 11 Dry Condensing Vacuum Systems for Deodorizers for Substantial Energy Savings Processing eChapters Processing F2B58D30B351BCBE5723B760220C94BD AOCS Press   ...

19

Our top priority: expanded electrification will substantially reduce oil use while propelling economic recovery  

SciTech Connect

Benefits resulting from increased use of electricity are discussed. Unique qualifications and benefits of increased use of electricity are documented in the areas of: conservation of energy, as a whole, and reduction of oil use; low energy costs in contrast to 7 to 15 times higher energy costs for imported oil; pacing of economic growth and job creation; greater national security, through lessened dependence on overseas oil; protection of the environment and better quality of life - working as well as residential; decreasing inflation, higher productivity, and a stronger dollar. It is suggested that electricity has been denied the recognition it deserves, the implementation of which would be the most constructive step possible toward approaching the goals of sustained economic and human progress, not only for Canada, the United States, and the other industrialized nations, but also for the entire world. (MCW)

Felix, F.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

CHRONIC CONSUMPTION OF ETHANOL LEADS TO SUBSTANTIAL CELL DAMAGE IN CULTURED RAT ASTROCYTES IN CONDITIONS PROMOTING ACETALDEHYDE ACCUMULATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract — Aims: This study aimed at comparing the cerebral cytotoxicity of ethanol and its main metabolite acetaldehyde after acute or chronic exposures of rat astrocytes in primary culture. Methods: Cytotoxicity was evaluated on the cell reduction of viability (MTT reduction test) and on the characterization of DNA damage by single cell gel electrophoresis (or comet assay). Results: Changes in astrocyte survival and in DNA integrity only occurred when the astrocytes were chronically exposed to ethanol (20 mM; 3, 6 or 9 days). On the other hand, viability and DNA integrity were deeply affected by acute exposure to acetaldehyde. Both effects were dependent on the concentration of acetaldehyde. The cytotoxic effect of acetaldehyde was also indirectly evaluated after modifications of the normal ethanol metabolism by the use of different inducers or inhibitors. In presence of ethanol, the concomitant induction of catalase (i.e. by glucose oxidase) and inhibition of aldehyde dehydrogenase (i.e. by methylene blue) led to acetaldehyde accumulation within cells. It was followed by both a reduction in viability and a substantial increase in DNA strand breaks. Conclusions: These data were thus consistent with a possible predominant role of acetaldehyde during brain ethanol metabolism. On the other hand, the effects observed after AMT could also suggest a possible direct ethanol effect and a role for free radical attacks. These data were thus consistent with a possible predominant role of acetaldehyde during brain ethanol metabolism. On the other hand, the effects observed after AMT could also suggest a possible direct ethanol effect and a role for free radical attacks.

N. Signorini-allibe; B. Gonthier; F. Lamarche; H. Eysseric; L. Barret

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "necessitate substantially increased" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Polymers with increased order  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention features polymers with increased order, and methods of making them featuring a dense gas.

Sawan, Samuel P. (Tyngsborough, MA); Talhi, Abdelhafid (Rochester, MI); Taylor, Craig M. (Jemez Springs, NM)

1998-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

22

Solar collector apparatus having increased energy rejection during stagnation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The disclosure relates to an active solar collector having increased energy rejection during stagnation. The collector's glazing is brought into substantial contact with absorber during stagnation to increase re-emittance and thereby to maintain lower temperatures when the collector is not in operation.

Moore, Stanley W. (Los Alamos, NM)

1983-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

23

Solar collector apparatus having increased energy rejection during stagnation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An active solar collector having increased energy rejection during stagnation is disclosed. The collector's glazing is brought into substantial contact with absorber during stagnation to increase re-emittance and thereby to maintan lower temperatures when the collector is not in operation.

Moore, S.W.

1981-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

24

Increased Power Flow Guidebook  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Increased Power Flow (IPF) Guidebook is a state-of-the-art and best practices guidebook on increasing power flow capacities of existing overhead transmission lines, underground cables, power transformers, and substation equipment without compromising safety and reliability. The Guidebook discusses power system concerns and limiting conditions to increasing capacity, reviews available technology options and methods, illustrates alternatives with case studies, and analyzes costs and benefits of differe...

2005-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

25

Equity Effects of Increasing-Block Electricity Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Utility regulators frequently attempt to use tariff structures to pursue both distributional and efficiency goals. Efficiency necessitates setting prices as close to marginal costs as possible while still allowing the firm to cover its costs. The common distributional goal is to protect low-income customers from high prices. Perhaps nowhere is the conflict between these goals greater than in the use of increasing-block residential utility pricing, in which the marginal price to the customer increases as the customer’s usage rises. Since the 2000-01 California electricity crisis, the state has adopted some of the most steeply increasing-block tariffs in electric utility history, but the distributional and efficiency effects have not been analyzed in detail. Using a novel approach for matching customer bill data with census data on area income distributions, I derive estimates of the income redistribution effected by the increasing-block tariffs used by California regulated electric utilities. I find that the rate structure does redistribute income to lower-income groups, but that the effect is fairly modest, particularly compared to a means-tested program also in use. While the distributional impact of these tariffs do not seem to be large, the efficiency costs may not be great either. Examining the distribution of customer demand

Severin Borenstein

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Increasing jet entrainment, mixing and spreading  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A free jet of air is disturbed at a frequency that substantially matches natural turbulences in the free jet to increase the entrainment, mixing, and spreading of air by the free jet, for example in a room or other enclosure. The disturbances are created by pulsing the flow of air that creates the free jet at the desired frequency. Such pulsing of the flow of air can be accomplished by sequentially occluding and opening a duct that confines and directs the flow of air, such as by rotating a disk on an axis transverse to the flow of air in the duct. 11 figs.

Farrington, R.B.

1994-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

27

Increasing jet entrainment, mixing and spreading  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A free jet of air is disturbed at a frequency that substantially matches natural turbulences in the free jet to increase the entrainment, mixing, and spreading of air by the free jet, for example in a room or other enclosure. The disturbances are created by pulsing the flow of air that creates the free jet at the desired frequency. Such pulsing of the flow of air can be accomplished by sequentially occluding and opening a duct that confines and directs the flow of air, such as by rotating a disk on an axis transverse to the flow of air in the duct.

Farrington, Robert B. (Wheatridge, CO)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Diesel prices increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.84 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2.2 cents from a week ago, based on the weekly price...

29

Diesel prices increase nationally  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices increase nationally The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.91 a gallon on Monday. That's up 1.3 cents from a week ago, based on the...

30

Disk Quota Increase Request  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Disk Disk Quota Increase Disk Quota Increase Request NERSC will consider reasonable requests for changes in disk space and inode limits. Please submit a request through the "Request Forms" section at the NERSC help portal. If you select "Hopper scratch directory" from the "File System" menu below, the quota value requested applies to the combined contents of $SCRATCH and $SCRATCH2. Please ask for the least amount of resources you need, since the sum of disk space and inodes allocated to users already exceeds system capacity. In other words, system resources would be exhausted before all users could use their existing quotas. You can find out the current quotas and usage of disk space and inodes for your home and scratch file systems with the myquota command. You can find

31

Pemex increasing offshore activity  

SciTech Connect

Although austere by boom-year standards, Mexico's National Energy Program for 1984-1988 calls for forty wildcats and 90 to 144 development wells off the coast, primarily in the prolific Campeche Bay area. Platform additions will include nine drilling platforms, each for twelve wells, and eight eight platforms to drill injection wells. Additionally, 7 production, 6 accomodation, 6 linkage and 8 compression platforms and 13 tetrapods will be installed. The main objectives of the plan are energy self-sufficiency through the turn of the century, and energy diversification, savings and productivity. The most controversial portion of Mexico's energy program is that calling for nuclear energy development. The energy program lists three basic goals in hydrocarbon production: continuing research on better techniques of secondary recovery; increasing capacity for refining primary and secondary crude products and improving production of heavy crudes; and increasing storage capacity and installing pipelines capable of carrying a greater volume of crude.

Beachy, D.

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Analysis of Global Economic and Environmental Impacts of a Substantial Increase in Bioenergy Wallace E. Tyner (wtyner@purdue.edu), Thomas W. Hertel, Farzad Taheripour*, and Dileep K. Birur  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

biofuel production target of 5.75% to be achieved by 2010,6 indicating that it might be appropriate current biofuel development targets, and suggests strongly that the latter may be too conservative. 6 The Biofuels Directive, passed in 2003, established a biofuel market share targets of 2% and 5

33

Dietary resveratrol administration increases MnSOD expression and activity in mouse brain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SOD protein level (140%) and activity (75%). The increase in MnSOD was not due to a substantial proliferationDietary resveratrol administration increases MnSOD expression and activity in mouse brain Ellen L oxidative stress. In vitro studies have shown an increase in antioxidant enzyme activities following

Stuart, Jeffrey A.

34

Does More international transmission capacity increase competition in the Belgian electricity market?  

SciTech Connect

From a national market perspective, taking transmission capacity into account reduces current concentration measures, although they remain fairly high even after substantial capacity increases. From an international perspective, a more efficient use of current transmission capacity by coupling regional markets can increase competition. That suggests it may not be appropriate to assess market concentration using national market shares. (author)

Kuepper, Gerd; Delarue, Erik; Delvaux, Bram; Meeus, Leonardo; Bekaert, David; Willems, Bert; Proost, Stef; D'haeseleer, William; Deketelaere, Kurt; Belmans, Ronnie

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

35

Increased Power Flow Guidebook - 2012  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The EPRI Increased Power Flow (IPF) Guidebook is a state-of-the-art and best- practices reference and guidebook on increasing the power flow capacities of existing overhead transmission lines, underground cables, power transformers, and substation equipment, without compromising safety and reliability. The Guidebook discusses power system concerns and limiting conditions to increasing capacity, reviews available technology options and methods, illustrates the alternatives with case ...

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

36

Instrumentation for Increased Power Flow  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is the second Technical Update of the Instrumentation for Managing Increased Power Flow project, part of EPRI's Increased Power Flow (IPF) program. The project, initiated in 2006 and expected to continue for several years, studies the feasibility of new instrumentation to support increased power flow strategies. In 2007 the work focused on two primary developments: the Backscatter Sensor for the real-time measurement of transmission line temperature and current and the Emissivity Test Instrum...

2007-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

37

Increased Power Flow Guidebook - 2013  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The EPRI Increased Power Flow (IPF) Guidebook is a state-of-the-art and best- practices reference and guidebook on increasing the power flow capacities of existing overhead transmission lines, underground cables, power transformers, and substation equipment, without compromising safety and reliability. The Guidebook discusses power system concerns and limiting conditions to increasing capacity, reviews available technology options and methods, illustrates the alternatives with case ...

2013-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

38

Increase Duct and Plenum Insulation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

changes to the commercial provisions of the 2012 IECC: Increase Duct and Plenum Insulation R Hart Pacific Northwest National Laboratory December 2012 Proposal Description This...

39

Increasing State Capacity Through Clans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

their role in increasing state capacity With the decline ofhere focus on state capacity and the associated discussionselements of state capacity during the transition from one

Doyle, Jr, Thomas Martin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Diesel prices continue to increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices continue to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.88 a gallon on Monday. That's up 3.9 cents from a week ago, based on the...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "necessitate substantially increased" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Diesel prices continue to increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices continue to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.98 a gallon on Labor Day Monday. That's up 6.8 cents from a week ago, based...

42

Diesel prices continue to increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices continue to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.90 a gallon on Monday. That's up 3.6 cents from a week ago, based on the...

43

Diesel prices slightly increase nationally  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices slightly increase nationally The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose slightly to 3.90 a gallon on Monday. That's up 4-tenths of a penny from a...

44

Diesel prices continue to increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices continue to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.87 a gallon on Monday. That's up 3.9 cents from a week ago, based on the...

45

Diesel prices continue to increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices continue to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.92 a gallon on Monday. That's up 1.2 cents from a week ago, based on the...

46

Diesel prices continue to increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices continue to increase The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.89 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2.4 cents from a week ago, based on the...

47

Economics of Increased Power Flow  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report focuses on methodologies for evaluating the costs and benefits of the diverse technologies that can be used either individually or jointly to increase the flow of power through the transmission system. It begins by describing a broad slate of potential technologies and approaches for increasing transmission capacity and improving system efficiency and then provides an overall framework for assessing the benefits and costs of these technologies. Later sections cover the practical implementatio...

2010-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

48

Gas utilities to increase outlays  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Despite rising natural gas prices and falling consumer demand for gas, experts predict a 16% increase in US gas transmission and distribution expenditures for 1983. Production and storage outlays will probably decrease because of the current gas surplus. The demand for natural gas has been below production levels since 1981. Increases in residential and commercial requirements have been offset by a drop in industrial use, which represents 50% of total gas demand.

O'Donnell, J.P.

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

RANGE INCREASER FOR PNEUMATIC GAUGES  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved pneumatic gage is offered in which the linear range has been increased without excessive air consumption. This has been accomplished by providing an expansible antechamber connected to the nozzle of the gage so that the position of the nozzle with respect to the workpiece is varied automatically by variation in pressure within the antechamber. This arrangement ensures that the nozzle-to-workpiece clearance is maintained within certain limits, thus obtaining a linear relation of air flow to nozzle-to-workpiece clearance over a wider range.

Fowler, A.H.; Seaborn, G.B. Jr.

1960-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

50

Rotating control head applications increasing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rotating control head technology has become an important tool for lowering drilling costs and increasing well productivity, especially in many hard-rock areas and mature oil and gas fields. Lower drilling costs are achieved primarily by the faster penetration rates, reduced nondrilling time, and reduced mud volume requirements associated with underbalanced drilling. Greater well productivity can sometimes be obtained because of reduced formation damage for mud. Recent advances in rotating head technology have increased the range of well conditions to which this technology can be applied. Even though the use of rotating control heads is growing rapidly, this topic has been largely neglected in most well control training programs. Many engineers are not yet familiar with this important emerging technology and some of the modern concepts and practices used. The paper discusses the high-pressure rotating head and its application to gas or air drilling, flow drilling, geothermal drilling, overbalanced drilling and workover operations. The paper also discusses operating guidelines and rig crew training.

Bourgoyne, A.T. Jr. [Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States)

1995-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

51

A CHANDRA STUDY OF THE LARGE-SCALE SHOCK AND COOL FILAMENTS IN HYDRA A: EVIDENCE FOR SUBSTANTIAL GAS DREDGE-UP BY THE CENTRAL OUTBURST  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the results of a Chandra study of the Hydra A galaxy cluster, where a powerful active galactic nucleus (AGN) outburst created a large-scale cocoon shock. We investigated possible azimuthal variations in shock strength and shape, finding indications for a weak shock with a Mach number in the range {approx}1.2-1.3. We measured the temperature change across the shock front. However, the detection of a temperature rise in the regions immediately inside of the front is complicated by the underlying temperature profile of the cluster atmosphere. We measured the global temperature profile of the cluster up to 700 kpc, which represents the farthest measurement obtained with Chandra for this cluster. A 'plateau' in the temperature profile in the range {approx}70-150 kpc indicates the presence of cool gas, which is likely the result of uplift of material by the AGN outburst. After masking the cool filaments visible in the hardness ratio map, the plateau disappears and the temperature profile recovers a typical shape with a peak around 190 kpc, just inside the shock front. However, it is unlikely that such a temperature feature is produced by the shock as it is consistent with the general shape of the temperature profiles observed for relaxed galaxy clusters. We studied the spectral properties of the cool filaments finding evidence that {approx}10{sup 11} M{sub sun} of low-entropy material has been dredged up by the rising lobes from the central 30 kpc to the observed current position of 75-150 kpc. The energy required to lift the cool gas is {approx}> 2.2 x 10{sup 60} erg, which is comparable to the work required to inflate the cavities and is {approx}25% of the total energy of the large-scale shock. Our results show that the AGN feedback in Hydra A is acting not only by directly heating the gas, but also by removing a substantial amount of potential fuel for the supermassive black hole.

Gitti, Myriam; Nulsen, Paul E. J.; David, Laurence P.; McNamara, Brian R. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Wise, Michael W. [ASTRON Netherlands Institute for Radio Astronomy, P.O. Box 2, 7990 AA Dwingeloo (Netherlands)

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

CO2 Capture and Regeneration at Low Temperatures: Novel Non-Aqueous CO2 Solvents and Capture Process with Substantially Reduced Energy Penalties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

IMPACCT Project: RTI is developing a solvent and process that could significantly reduce the temperature associated with regenerating solvent and CO2 captured from the exhaust gas of coal-fired power plants. Traditional CO2 removal processes using water-based solvents require significant amount of steam from power plants in order to regenerate the solvent so it can be reused after each reaction. RTI’s solvents can be better at absorbing CO2 than many water-based solvents, and are regenerated at lower temperatures using less steam. Thus, industrial heat that is normally too cool to re-use can be deployed for regeneration, rather than using high-value steam. This saves the power plant money, which results in increased cost savings for consumers.

None

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Weatherization Assistance Program: Spurring Innovation, Increasing...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Weatherization Assistance Program: Spurring Innovation, Increasing Home Energy Efficiency Weatherization Assistance Program: Spurring Innovation, Increasing Home Energy Efficiency...

54

Linking Resources and Structures: Increasing the Effectiveness...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Linking Resources and Structures: Increasing the Effectiveness of Energy Efficient Government Procurement Programs Title Linking Resources and Structures: Increasing the...

55

Substantial Variability Exists in Utilities' Nuclear Decommissioning Funding Adequacy: Baseline Trends (1997-2001); and Scenario and Sensitivity Analyses (Year 2001)  

SciTech Connect

This paper explores the trends over 1997-2001 in my baseline simulation analysis of the sufficiency of electric utilities' funds to eventually decommission the nation's nuclear power plants. Further, for 2001, I describe the utilities' funding adequacy results obtained using scenario and sensitivity analyses, respectively. In this paper, I focus more on the wide variability observed in these adequacy measures among utilities than on the results for the ''average'' utility in the nuclear industry. Only individual utilities, not average utilities -- often used by the nuclear industry to represent its funding adequacy -- will decommission their nuclear plants. Industry-wide results tend to mask the varied results for individual utilities. This paper shows that over 1997-2001, the variability of my baseline decommissioning funding adequacy measures (in percentages) for both utility fund balances and current contributions has remained very large, reflected in the sizable ranges and frequency distributions of these percentages. The relevance of this variability for nuclear decommissioning funding adequacy is, of course, focused more on those utilities that show below ideal balances and contribution levels. Looking backward, 42 of 67 utility fund (available) balances, in 2001, were above (and 25 below) their ideal baseline levels; in 1997, 42 of 76 were above (and 34 below) ideal levels. Of these, many utility balances were far above, and many far below, such ideal levels. The problem of certain utilities continuing to show balances much below ideal persists even with increases in the adequacy of ''average'' utility balances.

Williams, D. G.

2003-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

56

Substantially parallel flux uncluttered rotor machines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A permanent magnet-less and brushless synchronous system includes a stator that generates a magnetic rotating field when sourced by polyphase alternating currents. An uncluttered rotor is positioned within the magnetic rotating field and is spaced apart from the stator. An excitation core is spaced apart from the stator and the uncluttered rotor and magnetically couples the uncluttered rotor. The brushless excitation source generates a magnet torque by inducing magnetic poles near an outer peripheral surface of the uncluttered rotor, and the stator currents also generate a reluctance torque by a reaction of the difference between the direct and quadrature magnetic paths of the uncluttered rotor. The system can be used either as a motor or a generator

Hsu, John S.

2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

57

SUBSTANTIALLY PARALLEL FLUX UNCLUTTERED ROTOR MACHINES ...  

The system can be used either as a motor or a generator: Inventors: Hsu, John S. (Oak Ridge, TN) Application Number: 12/ 466,169: Filed: May 14, 2009: Government ...

58

FCT Education: Increase Your H2IQ  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Increase Your H2IQ to someone by Increase Your H2IQ to someone by E-mail Share FCT Education: Increase Your H2IQ on Facebook Tweet about FCT Education: Increase Your H2IQ on Twitter Bookmark FCT Education: Increase Your H2IQ on Google Bookmark FCT Education: Increase Your H2IQ on Delicious Rank FCT Education: Increase Your H2IQ on Digg Find More places to share FCT Education: Increase Your H2IQ on AddThis.com... Home Increase Your H2IQ Fuel Cell Basics Hydrogen Production Basics Hydrogen Delivery Basics Hydrogen Storage Basics Hydrogen Safety Basics For Safety & Code Officials For State & Local Governments For Early Adopters For Students & Educators Careers in Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Quick Links Hydrogen Production Hydrogen Delivery Hydrogen Storage Fuel Cells Technology Validation Manufacturing

59

INCREASING WATERFLOOD RESERVES IN THE WILMINGTON OIL FIELD THROUGH IMPROVED RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AND RESERVOIR MANAGEMENT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project increased recoverable waterflood reserves in slope and basin reservoirs through improved reservoir characterization and reservoir management. The particular application of this project is in portions of Fault Blocks IV and V of the Wilmington Oil Field, in Long Beach, California, but the approach is widely applicable in slope and basin reservoirs. Transferring technology so that it can be applied in other sections of the Wilmington Field and by operators in other slope and basin reservoirs is a primary component of the project. This project used advanced reservoir characterization tools, including the pulsed acoustic cased-hole logging tool, geologic three-dimensional (3-D) modeling software, and commercially available reservoir management software to identify sands with remaining high oil saturation following waterflood. Production from the identified high oil saturated sands was stimulated by recompleting existing production and injection wells in these sands using conventional means as well as a short radius redrill candidate. Although these reservoirs have been waterflooded over 40 years, researchers have found areas of remaining oil saturation. Areas such as the top sand in the Upper Terminal Zone Fault Block V, the western fault slivers of Upper Terminal Zone Fault Block V, the bottom sands of the Tar Zone Fault Block V, and the eastern edge of Fault Block IV in both the Upper Terminal and Lower Terminal Zones all show significant remaining oil saturation. Each area of interest was uncovered emphasizing a different type of reservoir characterization technique or practice. This was not the original strategy but was necessitated by the different levels of progress in each of the project activities.

Scott Walker; Chris Phillips; Roy Koerner; Don Clarke; Dan Moos; Kwasi Tagbor

2002-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

60

METHOD OF OPPOSING IRRADIATION-INDUCED VISCOSITY INCREASE IN EMPLOYMENT OF ORGANIC FLUIDS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is described for conducting mechanical operations necessitating the use of a lubricant in a medium operaject to reactor irradiation of 0.5 x 10/ sup 12/ to 1 x 10/sup 12/ neut rons/ cm/sup 2//sec. A thiopolyether lubricant such as 16, 19-dioxa-13, 22-dithiatetratriacontane is used. (AEC)

Balt, R.O.

1961-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "necessitate substantially increased" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Production Will Meet Demand Increase This Summer  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 Notes: Production must meet increases in demand this year. Last year, increased imports met most of the summer demand increase, and increases in stock draws met almost all of the remainder. Production did not increase much. But this year, inventories will not be available, and increased imports seem unlikely. Thus, increases in production will be needed to meet increased demand. Imports availability is uncertain this summer. Imports in 1999 were high, and with Phase II RFG product requirements, maintaining this level could be challenging since not all refineries exporting to the U.S. will be able to meet the new gasoline specifications. Stocks will also contribute little supply this summer. Last year's high gasoline stocks allowed for a stock draw that was 58 MB/D higher than

62

Measurements and Standards to Support Increased Energy ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measurements and Standards to Support Increased Energy Efficiency and Reduced Environmental Impact (+$13.3 million). Challenge. ...

2011-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

63

NIST Announces Funding Opportunity to Increase Energy ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST Announces Funding Opportunity to Increase Energy Efficiency in Commercial Buildings. From NIST Tech Beat: February 16, 2012. ...

2012-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

64

Increasing Global Renewable Energy Market Share  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to experience even greater energy supply uncertainties and price increases from fossil fuels. Recent trendsIncreasing Global Renewable Energy Market Share: Recent Trends and Perspectives Final Report a time of growing volatility and uncertainty in world energy markets. Oil price increases, which hit oil

Damm, Werner

65

EPRI Increased Power Flow Guidebook -- 2011  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The EPRI Increased Power Flow (IPF) Guidebook is a state-of-the-art and best-practices reference and guidebook on increasing the power flow capacities of existing overhead transmission lines, underground cables, power transformers, and substation equipment without compromising safety and reliability. The Guidebook discusses power system concerns and limiting conditions to increasing capacity, reviews available technology options and methods, illustrates the alternatives with case studies, and analyzes th...

2011-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

66

EPRI Increased Transmission Capacity Workshop Proceedings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report documents the proceedings of EPRI's Increased Overhead Transmission Capacity Workshop. The workshop was held on September 20, 2011 at the offices of the American Transmission Company in Waukesha, Wisconsin. Participants included members of the EPRI Increased Overhead Transmission Capacity Task Force. The workshop was a joint effort of two EPRI research projects: (1) Increased Power Flow Guidebook and Ratings for Overhead Lines, and (2) Impact of High Temperature Operation on Conductor Systems...

2011-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

67

Increasing Power Plant Efficiency: Lignite Fuel Enhancement ...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Increasing Power Plant Efficiency: Lignite Fuel Enhancement (Completed March 31, 2010) Project Description The objectives of this project are to demonstrate a unique system for...

68

Available Technologies: Energy Crops Engineered for Increased ...  

APPLICATIONS OF TECHNOLOGY: Biofuel feedstock plants; ADVANTAGES: Reduced lignin or phenolic compounds compared with wild type plants; Up to a 10 percent increase in ...

69

,"Shale Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases "  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Shale Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases ",36,"Annual",2011,"6302009" ,"Release...

70

Available Technologies: Efflux Pumps to Increase Microbial ...  

Efflux Pumps to Increase Microbial Tolerance and Biofuel Production EIB-2845. ... to determining the most effective pumps for any given host and target ...

71

Increasing water holding capacity for irrigation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Increasing water holding capacity for irrigation Reseachers recommend solutions for sediment trapping in irrigation system LANL and SNL leveraged technical expertise to determine...

72

Latest Filter Developments Increasing Existing Aluminium Smelter ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, With increasing electricity costs and falling metal commodity ... and the latest extension of Ad?Flow™ filter designs for even greater filtration ...

73

Security enhanced with increased vehicle inspections  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Security enhanced with increased vehicle inspections Security enhanced with increased vehicle inspections Security measures increase as of March: vehicle inspections won't delay traffic New increased security procedures meet LANL's security objectives while minimizing impacts on local businesses and tourists. March 23, 2012 The most prominent change is the increase of random inspections of all vehicles transiting the Laboratory, to include West and East Jemez Roads and roadways leading to the main Laboratory administrative area, Technical Area 3 Expect random inspections of all vehicles transiting the Laboratory, to include West and East Jemez Roads and roadways leading to the main Laboratory administrative area, Technical Area 3. Contact Kevin Roark Communications Office (505) 665-9202 Email "We're doing our best to meet our security objectives while minimizing

74

Multiwire conductor having greatly increased interwire resistance and method for making same  

SciTech Connect

An improved multiwire conductor of the type which is mechanically stabilized by a tin based solder filler. A solder filled conductor is heated to a temperature above its melting point for a period long enough to allow a substantial amount of copper to be dissolved from the wires comprising the conductor. The copper forms the brittle intermetallic compound Cu.sub.5 Sn.sub.6 with tin in the solder. After cooling the conductor is flexed causing a random cracking of the solder, and thereby increasing the interwire resistance of the conductor. The subject invention is particularly adapted for use with braided, ribbon-type solder filled superconductors.

Luhman, Thomas (Seattle, WA); Suenaga, Masaki (Bellport, NY)

1984-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

75

Are the Responses of the U.S. Economy Asymmetric in Energy Price Increases and Decreases?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: How much does real GDP respond to unanticipated changes in the real price of oil? Commonly used censored VAR models suggest a substantial decline in real GDP in response to unexpected increases in the real price of oil, yet no response to unexpected declines. We show that these estimates are invalid. Based on a structural model that encompasses both symmetric and asymmetric models as special cases, correctly computed impulse responses are of roughly the same magnitude in either direction, consistent with formal tests for symmetric responses. We discuss implications for theoretical models and for policy responses to energy price shocks.

Lutz Kilian; Robert J. Vigfusson

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Multiwire conductor having greatly increased interwire resistance and method for making same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved multiwire conductor of the type which is mechanically stabilized by a tin based solder filler is described. A solder filled conductor is heated to a temperature above its melting point for a period long enough to allow a substantial amount of copper to be dissolved from the wires comprising the conductor. The copper forms the brittle intermetallic compound Cu/sub 5/Sn/sub 6/ with tin in the solder. After cooling the conductor is flexed causing a random cracking of the solder, and thereby increasing the interwire resistance of the conductor. The subject invention is particularly adapted for use with braided, ribbon-type solder filled superconductors.

Luhman, T.; Suenaga, M.

1982-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

77

Weatherization Assistance Program: Spurring Innovation, Increasing Home  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Weatherization Assistance Program: Spurring Innovation, Increasing Weatherization Assistance Program: Spurring Innovation, Increasing Home Energy Efficiency Weatherization Assistance Program: Spurring Innovation, Increasing Home Energy Efficiency October 31, 2013 - 5:01pm Addthis The Intermountain Weatherization Training Center in Clearfield, Utah. Weatherization Training Centers throughout the nation teach workers valuable skills needed to improve energy efficiency of homes. | Photo courtesy of Intermountain Weatherization Training Center The Intermountain Weatherization Training Center in Clearfield, Utah. Weatherization Training Centers throughout the nation teach workers valuable skills needed to improve energy efficiency of homes. | Photo courtesy of Intermountain Weatherization Training Center Bob Adams Supervisor, Weatherization Assistance Program

78

FEASIBILITY OF INCREASING THE ENERGY OF RHIC.  

SciTech Connect

In this paper we discuss the possibility of increasing the energy of beams in RHIC by as much as 30% with a modest trade-off in luminosity. The arc dipoles and quadrupoles were designed with considerable margin. For higher energies (>100 GeV/nucleon) the minimum {beta}* may be required to increase as the interaction region triplets saturate. The separator magnets (DX) have the least margin for increased field, so we consider three scenarios: allowing for a small crossing angle with the present DX magnets, upgrading the DX magnets to higher strength, and permitting a crossing angle of {approximately}1{degree} by removing the DX magnets altogether.

MACKAY,W.W.; JAIN,A.; LUCCIO,A.U.; PILAT,F.; ROSER,T.; TEPIKIAN,S.; TROBOJEVIC,D.

2001-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

79

Increased Radical Cation Yields: Arenes in DCE  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Increased Yields of Radical Cations by Arene Addition to Irradiated Increased Yields of Radical Cations by Arene Addition to Irradiated 1,2-Dichloroethane Alison M. Funston and John R. Miller Radiat. Phys. Chem., 72, 601-611 (2005). [Find paper at Elsevier Science Direct] Abstract: Pulse radiolysis in chlorinated hydrocarbon liquids such as 1,2-dichloroethane is a versatile and effective method for the generation of solute radical cations. The addition of a large concentration of toluene or benzene to solutions of 1,2-dichloroethane is found to increase the yield of solute radical cations (G = 0.68 molecules/100 eV in 1,2-dichloroethane (Wang et al., 1979) by a factor of 2.5. The increased yield is found for solutes which have a potential of ~ 1.1 V (vs SCE) or below for the S+·/S couple and is due to reaction of the chlorine

80

Increasing Energy Security | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Increasing Energy Security Increasing Energy Security Increasing Energy Security January 20, 2012 - 4:01pm Addthis Increasing Energy Security Heather Zichal Deputy Assistant to the President for Energy and Climate Change Editor's note: This article is cross-posted from WhiteHouse.gov. There is a lot of discussion lately about domestic energy production and American energy security. For the Obama Administration, moving towards the goal of energy independence has been a clear priority since day one. When President Obama took office, the United States imported 11 million barrels of oil a day. The President has put forward a plan to cut that by one-third by 2025 by strengthening domestic production of our energy resources, making our homes and buildings more efficient, and transitioning to a wide

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "necessitate substantially increased" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Tutorial on Increased Power Flow Guidebook  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project developed an annotated presentation of key material from the Increased Power Flow Guidebook that was published by EPRI in 2006. The presentation includes both power point and acrobat files on a CD accompanying the report.

2006-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

82

Cloning humans, increasing intelligence, and AIDS money  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cloning humans, increasing intelligence, and AIDS money Name: Eric T Jenes Status: NA Age: NA Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: How close are we to cloning humans?...

83

Increasing Evapotranspiration from the Conterminous United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent research suggests that evapotranspiration (ET) rates have changed over the past 50 years; however, some studies conclude ET has increased, and others conclude that it has decreased. These studies were indirect, using long-term observations ...

M. Todd Walter; Daniel S. Wilks; J-Yves Parlange; Rebecca L. Schneider

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Suppose that, 0 = ?o increasing ... - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We see, from the results, a dramatic increase in si ze between ( 5 ) (around 7 thousand) and ( 6 ) (around 11 billion) . I f the growth rate maintains then the size.

85

Distillate Prices Increasing With Crude Oil  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 Notes: This slide shows the strong influence crude oil prices have on retail distillate prices. Distillate tracks the crude price increases seen in 1996 and the subsequent fall...

86

Rapid increases in electricity demand challenge both ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... on April 1 was the steepest so far this year in SPP. The rate of increase in electricity demand peaked at 12.4% between 6 a.m. and 7 a.m. ...

87

Proceedings of the Increased Power Flow Workshop  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report documents the proceedings of the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) Increased Overhead Transmission Capacity Workshop. The workshop was held on August 13, 2013, at the offices of City Public Service in San Antonio, Texas. Participants included members of the EPRI Increased Overhead Transmission Capacity Task Force. The workshop was a joint effort of two EPRI research projects: (1) Ratings for Overhead Lines, and (2) Impact of High-Temperature Operation of Overhead ...

2013-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

88

Galanin Microinjection in the Third Ventricle Increases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Background: The neuropeptide galanin increases food intake. Chronic ethanol (EtOH) increases the expression of galanin in the hypothalamus. The research presented here examines the effects of microinjection of galanin in the third ventricle on voluntary alcohol intake. Methods: Male Sprague Dawley rats with a cannula in the third ventricle were given access to increasing concentrations of EtOH for 12 hr/day until all acquired a preference for 7 % EtOH over water in a two-bottle choice. Rats then received a microinjection of galanin (0, 1, and 3 nmol) alone or in combination with the galanin antagonist M40 (1 nmol) and with M40 alone to determine the effects on EtOH and water intake. Tests were conducted during both the light and dark periods of a 12:12-hr light-dark cycle with food available ad libitum. As a control for galanin-induced calorie intake, both EtOH and food were measured in a subset of rats during the dark. Results: Microinjections of galanin (1.0 and 3.0 nmol) increased EtOH consumption during both periods of the light-dark cycle. Galanin’s effect on ethanol intake during the light was large relative to the very low intake of food and water during this period. Rats increased their intake of EtOH but not food. Receptor specificity for galanin (3 nmol) was shown by the galanin antagonist M40, which blocked the increase in EtOH intake. M40 alone decreased EtOH intake slightly. Conclusions: These data show that galanin injected in the third ventricle increases EtOH consumption and that the effect can occur during both the light and the dark periods of the diurnal cycle in the presence of food and water. This suggests that galanin may play a role in augmenting voluntary alcohol intake and perhaps the development of alcohol dependence.

Voluntary Ethanol Intake; Michael J. Lewis; Deanne F. Johnson; Daniel Waldman; Sarah F. Leibowitz; Bartley G. Hoebel

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Increased Cytotoxicity of Oxidized Flame Soot  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Increased Cytotoxicity of Oxidized Flame Soot Increased Cytotoxicity of Oxidized Flame Soot Title Increased Cytotoxicity of Oxidized Flame Soot Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2012 Authors Holder, Amara L., Brietta J. Carter, Regine Goth-Goldstein, Donald Lucas, and Catherine P. Koshland Journal Atmospheric Pollution Research Volume 3 Start Page 25 Issue 1 Pagination 25-31 Date Published 01/2012 Keywords health effects, ozone, soot, toxicity Abstract Combustion-generated particles released into the atmosphere undergo reactions with oxidants, which can change the particles' physiochemical characteristics. In this work, we compare the physical and chemical properties and cellular response of particles fresh from a flame with those oxidized by ozone and nitrogen dioxide. The reaction with ozone and nitrogen dioxide does not significantly modify the physical characteristics of the particles (primary particle size, fractal dimension, and surface area). However, oxidation affects the chemical characteristics of the particles, creating more oxygen and nitrogen containing functional groups, and increases their hydrophilicity. In addition, oxidized soot generates more reactive oxygen species, as measured by the dithiothreitol (DTT) assay. Furthermore, oxidized soot is 1.5-2 times more toxic than soot that was not reacted with ozone, but the inflammatory response, measured by interleukin-8 (IL-8) secretion, is unchanged. These results imply that combustion-generated particles released into the atmosphere will have an increased toxicity on or after high ozone days.

90

STEO January 2013 - oil production increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

oil production to increase in 2013 and 2014 oil production to increase in 2013 and 2014 U.S. crude oil production is expected to keep rising over the next two years. America's oil output will jump nearly 900,000 barrels per day in 2013 to an average 7.3 million barrels a day, according to the latest monthly forecast from the U.S. Energy Information Administration. This would mark the biggest one-year increase in output since U.S. commercial crude oil production began in 1859. U.S. daily oil production is expected to rise by another 600,000 barrels in 2014 to nearly 8 million barrels a day, the highest level since 1988. Most of America's oil production growth over the next two years will come from more drilling activity in tight shale rock formations located in North Dakota and Texas

91

Increasing Scientific Productivity by Tracking Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Data Tracking Data Tracking Increases Scientific Productivity Data Tracking Increases Scientific Productivity July 20, 2011 | Tags: HPSS, NERSC Linda Vu, lvu@lbl.gov, +1 510 486 2402 HPSS Storage New supercomputers and networks are contributing to record levels of scientific productivity. In fact, every new system installed at NERSC over the last 10 years has generated about 50 percent more data than its predecessor. To effectively meet the increasing scientific demand for storage systems and services, the center's staff must first understand how data moves within the facility. Until recently, the process of obtaining these insights was extremely tedious because the statistics came from multiple sources, including network router statistics, client and server transfer logs, storage and accounting reports-all saved as very

92

Increased demand spurs gas compression industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The increasing demand for natural gas in the last five years has led to dynamic development in the gas compression industry as producers and transmission companies expand operations to supply gas. To handle the increase, for example, transmission companies have been steadily adding new lines to the pipeline infrastructure--3,437 miles in 1995 and an estimated 4,088 miles in 1997. New compression for pipelines has also increased from 212,637 horsepower added in 1989 to an estimated 311,685 horsepower to be added in 1997. Four key trends which influence the gas compression business have developed since the mid 1980s: first, a steady resurgence of demand for natural gas each year; second, a phenomenal number of mergers and buyouts among gas compression companies; third, an alarming drop in average daily gas production per well since 1972; and fourth, high drilling activity in the Gulf of Mexico.

Honea, M. [Weatherford Enterra, Inc., Houston, TX (United States)

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Increased Power Flow Guidebook - Underground Cables  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utilities must consider a number of factors when evaluating uprating and upgrading options for underground transmission cables. This comprehensive guidebook documents the state-of-science for increasing power flow capacities of underground transmission cables. It provides an overview of underground transmission cable ratings and uprating techniques so that the maximum utilization can be obtained from the existing underground transmission infrastructure.

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Sensitivity of Global Climate Model Simulations to Increased Stomatal Resistance and C02 Increases*  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Increasing levels of atmospheric CO2 will not only modify climate, they will also likely increase the water-use efficiency of plants by decreasing stomatal openings. The effect of the imposition of “doubled stomatal resistance” on climate is ...

A. Henderson-Sellers; K. McGuffie; C. Gross

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Increasing CO2 Storage in Oil Recovery  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Increasing CO Increasing CO 2 Storage in Oil Recovery Kristian Jessen (krisj@pangea.stanford.edu, 650-723-6348) Linda C. Sam-Olibale (chizoba@pangea.stanford.edu, 650-725-0831) Anthony R. Kovscek (kovscek@pangea.stanford.edu, 650-723-1218) Franklin M. Orr, Jr. (fmorr@pangea.stanford.edu, 650-723-2750) Department of Petroleum Engineering, Stanford University 65 Green Earth Sciences Building 367 Panama Street Stanford, CA 94305-2220 Introduction Carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) injection has been used as a commercial process for enhanced oil recovery (EOR) since the 1970's. Because the cost of oil recovered is closely linked to the purchase cost of the CO 2 injected, considerable reservoir engineering design effort has gone into reducing the total amount of CO 2 required to recover each barrel of oil. If,

96

Increasing TCP’s initial window  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The initial window MAY be two packets (instead of the current initial window of one packet). For packets of at most 1460 bytes, the initial window MAY be three packets. For packets of at most 1095 bytes, the initial window MAY be four packets. 2 The Burstiness of Current TCP in Slow-Start: cwnd = 1 packet:) send one data packet ( receive one ACK increase cwnd to 2 packets:) send two back-to-back packets ( receive one ACK (a delayed ACK) increase cwnd to 3 packets:) send three back-to-back packets 3 The Burstiness of Current TCP with a Dropped Ack: cwnd = N packets, N packets are in pipe: ( receive one ACK, acking two packets) send two back-to-back packets ( receive one ACK, acking two packets) send two back-to-back packets ONE ACK IS DROPPED IN THE NETWORK

Sally Floyd

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Dynamical overlap fermions with increased topological tunnelling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present two improvements to our previous dynamical overlap HMC algorithm. We introduce a new method of differentiating the eigenvectors of the Kernel operator, which removes an instability in the fermionic force. Secondly, by simulating part of the fermion determinant exactly, without pseudo-fermions, we are able to increase the rate of topological tunnelling by a factor of more than ten, reducing the auto-correlation.

N. Cundy; S. Krieg; T. Lippert; A Schaefer

2007-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

98

Increasing the Efficiency of Energy Scavengers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, a methodology for designing efficient energy scavengers is proposed. The scavenger consists of a cantilever beam on which piezoelectric films and a mass are mounted. The mass at the tip of the beam is known as the proof mass and the device is called either an energy scavenger or a beam-mass system. The proof mass is a permanent magnet, where in its vicinity attracting permanent magnets are placed. It is shown that when the magnets have appropriate strengths and are placed appropriately, the vibration of the beam-mass system can be amplified, thereby the scavenged energy is increased. Examples are given throughout the paper.

Shahram M. Shahruz

2007-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

99

Value of storage with increased renewable penetration.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The problem statement for this project is: (1) Renewable energy portfolio standards - (a) high penetration of intermittent and variable renewable generation on the grid, (b) utilities constrained by NERC Control Performance Standards, (c) requires additional resources to match generation with load; and (2) mitigation of impacts with energy storage - at what level of renewable penetration does energy storage become an attractive value proposition. Use a simplified, yet robust dispatch model that: (a) incorporates New Mexico Balance Area load and wind generation data, (b) distributes the load among a suite of generators, (c) quantifies increased generation costs with increased penetration of intermittent and variable renewable generation - fuel, startup, shut down, ramping, standby, etc., (d) tracks and quantifies NERC pentalties and violations, and (e) quantifies storage costs. Dispatch model has been constructed and it: (a) accurately distributes a load among a suite of generators, (b) quantifies duty cycle metrics for each of the generators - cumulative energy production, ramping and non ramping duration, spinning reserves, number of start-ups, and shut down durations, etc., (c) quantifies energy exchanges - cumulative exchanges, duration, and number of exchanges, (d) tracks ACE violations.

Brainard, James Robert; Roach, Jesse Dillon

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Environmental implications of increased biomass energy use  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study reviews the environmental implications of continued and increased use of biomass for energy to determine what concerns have been and need to be addressed and to establish some guidelines for developing future resources and technologies. Although renewable biomass energy is perceived as environmentally desirable compared with fossil fuels, the environmental impact of increased biomass use needs to be identified and recognized. Industries and utilities evaluating the potential to convert biomass to heat, electricity, and transportation fuels must consider whether the resource is reliable and abundant, and whether biomass production and conversion is environmentally preferred. A broad range of studies and events in the United States were reviewed to assess the inventory of forest, agricultural, and urban biomass fuels; characterize biomass fuel types, their occurrence, and their suitability; describe regulatory and environmental effects on the availability and use of biomass for energy; and identify areas for further study. The following sections address resource, environmental, and policy needs. Several specific actions are recommended for utilities, nonutility power generators, and public agencies.

Miles, T.R. Sr.; Miles, T.R. Jr. (Miles (Thomas R.), Portland, OR (United States))

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "necessitate substantially increased" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Solar energy: some variables influencing increased utilization  

SciTech Connect

The mid 1970s energy crisis encouraged the growth of alternative fuels. Through the late 1970s and 1980s, solar energy was the primary alternative fuel. Federal and state programs encouraged the growth of residential solar installations through the use of tax credits. This dissertation used data from the eleven western states to assess tax credits' influence on residential solar installations. A Spearman's r was used to evaluate the role of tax credits on the percent increase in solar systems from 1980 to 1984. The r/sub s/ was .93. The second portion of the analysis used contingency tables to see if variables other than tax credits influence solar installations; the results showed tax credits + solar radiation and fuel mix are the significant variables. The final chapter looks at municipal solar utilities, tax on excessive energy use, a public/private solar research lab, and building rating system as means to supplement solar energy tax credits.

Born, B.E.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Development of Standardized Power Electronic Components, Subsystems, and Systems for Increased Modularity and Scalability  

SciTech Connect

Power electronics devices hold substantial promise for making distributed energy applications more efficient and cost effective. This project is motivated towards developing and testing inverters that will allow distributed energy systems to provide ancillary services such as voltage and VAR regulation, and increased grid reliability by seamlessly transitioning between grid-tied and stand-alone operation modes. The objectives of this project are to identify system integration and optimization issues and technologies and to provide solutions through research, analysis, and testing of power electronic interfaces for distributed energy applications that are cost-competitive and have substantially faster response times than conventional technologies. In addition, the testing of power electronics interfaces will develop a technical basis for performance assessment for distributed energy systems, subsystems, and components that will finally create a foundation for standardized measurements and test procedures. The ultimate goal for this research is to advance the potential benefits of distributed energy to provide ancillary services, enhance power system reliability, and allow customer choice.

Chakraborty, S.; Pink, C.; Price, J.; Kroposki, B.; Kern, G.

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Increased Water Use Efficeincy Through Trickle Irrigation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The gap between supply and demand of water for agricultural and municipal uses is rapidly closing at a time when world food requirements are increasing at an alarming rate. To meet the demand for agricultural products, new lands must be brought into production or higher yields must be realized from existing lands. In either case, more efficient use of water is prerequisite. Trickle irrigation is an approach to obtain increased water use efficiencies (ratio of weight of grain harvested to weight of total crop water use) and therefore a way to increase food production with our limited water resources. The ultimate goal of this investigation was the development of required crop inputs for selected crops to optimize the design of trickle irrigation systems and obtain an optimum water balance for living plants. Specific objectives were as follows: 1. To quantitatively determine optimum irrigation timing and necessary water application amounts for selected crops when using trickle irrigation; and 2. To develop a general method for the hydraulic design of trickle irrigation systems using inputs from the first objective for optimizing the system. To achieve these objectives, experiments were conducted in field lysimeters and in a well-instrumented field plot installation for evaluating the crop inputs. Complete control of the soil water balance can be achieved by the use of these facilities. By knowing the required crop inputs and utilizing known principles of fluid mechanics proper design procedures were developed to provide optimum design for trickle irrigation systems. To achieve the first objective, three research experiments were conducted at the research lysimeters of the Department of Agricultural Engineering at Texas A&M University for which grain sorghum was selected as the experimental crop. The first two experiments were designed to study the response of grain sorghum to trickle and subsurface irrigation. A comparison of water use efficiencies under well-watered conditions using both intensified and conventional water application methods and the evaluation of water use efficiencies with trickle irrigation applications designed to limit the availability of water were the specific objectives. The results indicated higher water use efficiencies and better crop response when the trickle method of application was used. Also, the results showed that higher water use efficiencies can be obtained by applying sparing amounts. An additional investigation carried out under a different research project of the Texas Water Resources Institute (TWRI Project No. A024TEX) was designed to develop a computer model to simulate grain sorghum yield and water use under high frequency irrigation. The simulation methods used in this study can be used to simulate a complete irrigation experiment greatly reducing research costs and allowing the determination of water requirements for many crops under many different soil and climatic conditions. The objective of the third research experiment conducted in 1974 was to determine if different irrigation frequencies would influence the growth and water use efficiency of grain sorghum when irrigated at optimum levels. Results indicated that frequency of application had no significant effect on the water use efficiency of grain sorghum for irrigation intervals up to 7 days. To attain the second goal of this investigation two trickle irrigation lateral design methods were developed. With the first method the pressure loss and emitter flow ratio for trickle irrigation laterals can be determined. The design method is based upon known principles of fluid mechanics. A computer program was written to determine the lateral pressure loss and emitter flow ratio at a given design length as function of pipe size, tree spacing, number of emitters per tree, emitter spacing, downstream lateral pressure and lateral slope. For a given set of design inputs, the program can be used to determine if the given pipe size will be adequate to li

Hiler, E. A.

1975-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Coal liquefaction process with increased naphtha yields  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved process for liquefying solid carbonaceous materials wherein the solid carbonaceous material is slurried with a suitable solvent and then subjected to liquefaction at elevated temperature and pressure to produce a normally gaseous product, a normally liquid product and a normally solid product. The normally liquid product is further separated into a naphtha boiling range product, a solvent boiling range product and a vacuum gas-oil boiling range product. At least a portion of the solvent boiling-range product and the vacuum gas-oil boiling range product are then combined and passed to a hydrotreater where the mixture is hydrotreated at relatively severe hydrotreating conditions and the liquid product from the hydrotreater then passed to a catalytic cracker. In the catalytic cracker, the hydrotreater effluent is converted partially to a naphtha boiling range product and to a solvent boiling range product. The naphtha boiling range product is added to the naphtha boiling range product from coal liquefaction to thereby significantly increase the production of naphtha boiling range materials. At least a portion of the solvent boiling range product, on the other hand, is separately hydrogenated and used as solvent for the liquefaction. Use of this material as at least a portion of the solvent significantly reduces the amount of saturated materials in said solvent.

Ryan, Daniel F. (Friendswood, TX)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Thailand gas prospects continue to increase  

SciTech Connect

This article describes Thailand's gas surplus that is occurring after years of energy importation. Between 1975 and 1983, energy consumption increased by 76.8%. At the end of 1983, petroleum accounted for 64% of all energy consumed. Demand was met in part by awarding 96,500 sq. miles offshore for petroleum exploration. As a result, Union Oil Thailand is preparing to produce 500 MMcfgd by the end of the year. Thai officials question whether the country can absorb that much gas. Local demand is expected to rise to over 700 MMcfd by 1990. The way to the development of even more offshore gas was opened when Thailand and Malaysia ended a five year dispute and decided to develop an area claimed by both countries together. The disputed area is thought to contain 14 tcfg, about as much as has been found by Union Oil and Texas Pacific so far. The article discusses other companies that have joined the offshore search as well.

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Yankee links computing needs, increases productivity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Yankee Atomic Electric Company provides design and consultation services to electric utility companies that operate nuclear power plants. This means bringing together the skills and talents of more than 500 people in many disciplines, including computer-aided design, human resources, financial services, and nuclear engineering. The company was facing a problem familiar to many companies in the nuclear industry.Key corporate data and applications resided on UNIX or other types of computer systems, but most users at Yankee had personal computers on their desks. How could Yankee enable the PC users to share the data, applications, and resources of the larger computing environment such as UNIX, while ensuring they could still use their favorite PC applications? The solution was PC-NFS from Sunsoft, of Chelmsford, Mass., which links PCs to UNIX and other systems. The Yankee computing story is an example of computer downsizing-the trend of moving away from mainframe computers in favor of lower-cost, more flexible client/server computing. Today, Yankee Atomic has more than 350 PCs on desktops throughout the company, using PC-NFS, which enables them t;o use the data, applications, disks, and printers of the FUNIX server systems. This new client/server environment has reduced Yankee`s computing costs while increasing its computing power and its ability to respond to customers.

NONE

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Backsurging perforations can increase production rates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Subjecting formations to a large pressure differential or underbalance is a common means of surging perforations to remove damage and increase flow from oil and gas wells. Underbalanced perforating, a standard industry completion technique, is normally used to obtain the pressure differentials intended to dislodge debris from perforations and flush the surrounding compacted zone. Gradually applied pressure underbalance can be achieved by swabbing or jetting to reduce hydrostatic head. Suddenly applied underbalance is achieved by evacuating the tubing in conjunction with a rupture disc, tubing-conveyed perforating systems or by using a new wireline-set, through-tubing backsurge tool. These techniques, except for the through-tubing method, are often utilized only during later workovers due to the expense and difficulty of achieving an adequate underbalance. Many operators prefer to perforate in balanced or overbalanced pressures conditions. This typically leaves perforations completely or partially plugged with gun debris, mud solids and shattered formation material that has been recompacted. Production logging shows that wells often produce from only 10 to 20% of the total interval apparently because of ineffective, plugged perforations.

Brieger, E.F.

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Increased radiation dose at mammography due to prolonged exposure, delayed processing, and increased film darkening  

SciTech Connect

Four single-emulsion films introduced over the past 2 years--Du Pont Microvision, Fuji MiMa, Konica CM, and Eastman Kodak OM--were compared with Eastman Kodak OM SO-177 (Min-RE) film to evaluate their varying effects on mean glandular dose of reciprocity law failure due to prolonged exposure, delayed processing, and increased film darkening as a result of increased radiation exposure to improve penetration of glandular tissue. Exposures over 1.3 seconds led to increased radiation doses of 20%-30%. Delays in processing of 6 hours decreased processing speed by 11%-32% for all films except Du Pont Microvision. Optical density increases of 0.40 required 20%-30% more skin exposure for all five films. Optimal viewing densities were also evaluated and found to be different for each of the five films. Mammographers need to be aware of these differences in mammographic films to achieve maximum contrast at mammography.

Kimme-Smith, C.; Bassett, L.W.; Gold, R.H.; Chow, S. (UCLA Medical Center (USA))

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

World Food Crisis: Imperfect Markets Starving Development, A Decomposition of Recent Food Price Increases.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The recent decade has experienced two rather substantial food price spikes. This thesis sets out to provide an in-depth look at the recent food price… (more)

Costello, Christine

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Is Increased Low-dose somatic Radiosensitivity Associated with Increased Transgenerational Germline Mutation  

SciTech Connect

Using single-molecule polymerase chain reaction, the frequency of spontaneous and radiation-induced mutation at an expanded simple tandem repeat (ESTR) locus was studied in DNA samples extracted from sperm and bone marrow of Atm knockout (Atm+/–) heterozygous male mice. The frequency of spontaneous mutation in sperm and bone marrow in Atm+/– males did not significantly differ from that in wild-type BALB/c mice. Acute gamma-ray exposure did not affect ESTR mutation frequency in bone marrow and resulted in similar increases in sperm samples taken from Atm+/– and BALB/c males. Taken together, these results suggest that the Atm haploinsufficiency analyzed in our study does not affect spontaneous and radiation-induced ESTR mutation frequency in mice.

Brenner, David J.

2008-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

111

SBA Increases Size Standards for Waste Remediation Services ...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Increases Size Standards for Waste Remediation Services & InformationAdmin Support SBA Increases Size Standards for Waste Remediation Services & InformationAdmin Support December...

112

Department of Energy and Nuclear Regulatory Commission Increase...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nuclear Regulatory Commission Increase Cooperation to Advance Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Department of Energy and Nuclear Regulatory Commission Increase Cooperation to...

113

DOE Issues Funding Opportunity for Innovations to Increase Cybersecuri...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Innovations to Increase Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems DOE Issues Funding Opportunity for Innovations to Increase Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems February 11,...

114

Federal Government Increases Renewable Energy Use Over 1000 Percent...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Government Increases Renewable Energy Use Over 1000 Percent since 1999; Exceeds Goal Federal Government Increases Renewable Energy Use Over 1000 Percent since 1999; Exceeds Goal...

115

Increase in IO Bandwidth to Enhance Future Understanding of Climate...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Increase in IO Bandwidth to Enhance Future Understanding of Climate Change Increase in IO Bandwidth to Enhance Future Understanding of Climate Change August 6, 2009...

116

Department of Energy Finalizes Regulations to Increase Energy...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of Energy Finalizes Regulations to Increase Energy Efficiency in New Federal Buildings by 30% Department of Energy Finalizes Regulations to Increase Energy Efficiency in...

117

Fact Sheet: Gas Prices and Oil Consumption Would Increase Without...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fact Sheet: Gas Prices and Oil Consumption Would Increase Without Biofuels Fact Sheet: Gas Prices and Oil Consumption Would Increase Without Biofuels Secretary of Energy Samuel W....

118

Aerial survey finds no increase in radioactivity for Los Alamos...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > Aerial survey finds no increase in radioactivity ... Aerial survey finds no increase in...

119

NERSC Increases System Storage and Security for Users  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Increases System Storage and Security for Users NERSC Increases System Storage and Security for Users April 28, 2009 Franklin Upgrades Improve IO Performance Throughout the month...

120

Observed Increase of TTL Temperature and Water Vapor in Polluted Couds over Asia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aerosols can affect cloud particle size and lifetime, which impacts precipitation, radiation and climate. Previous studies1-4 suggested that reduced ice cloud particle size and fall speed due to the influence of aerosols may increase evaporation of ice crystals and/or cloud radiative heating in the tropical tropopause layer (TTL), leading to higher water vapor abundance in air entering the stratosphere. Observational substantiation of such processes is still lacking. Here, we analyze new observations from multiple NASA satellites to show the imprint of pollution influence on stratospheric water vapor. We focus our analysis on the highly-polluted South and East Asia region during boreal summer. We find that "polluted" ice clouds have smaller ice effective radius than "clean" clouds. In the TTL, the polluted clouds are associated with warmer temperature and higher specific humidity than the clean clouds. The water vapor difference between the polluted and clean clouds cannot be explained by other meteorological factors, such as updraft and detrainment strength. Therefore, the observed higher water vapor entry value into the stratosphere in the polluted clouds than in the clean clouds is likely a manifestation of aerosol pollution influence on stratospheric water vapor. Given the radiative and chemical importance of stratospheric water vapor, the increasing emission of aerosols over Asia may have profound impacts on stratospheric chemistry and global energy balance and water cycle.

Su, Hui; Jiang, Jonathan; Liu, Xiaohong; Penner, J.; Read, William G.; Massie, Steven T.; Schoeberl, Mark R.; Colarco, Peter; Livesey, Nathaniel J.; Santee, Michelle L.

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "necessitate substantially increased" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Analysis & Tools to Spur Increased Deployment of " Waste Heat"  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tools to Spur Increased Deployment of " Waste Heat" Tools to Spur Increased Deployment of " Waste Heat" Rejection/Recycling Hybrid GHP Systems in Hot, Arid or Semiarid Climates Like Texas Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title Analysis & Tools to Spur Increased Deployment of " Waste Heat" Rejection/Recycling Hybrid GHP Systems in Hot, Arid or Semiarid Climates Like Texas Project Type / Topic 1 Recovery Act - Geothermal Technologies Program: Ground Source Heat Pumps Project Type / Topic 2 Topic Area 2: Data Gathering and Analysis Project Description As GHP systems offer substantial energy efficiency by leveraging earth's intrinsic thermal capacitance, they could play a pivotal role in achieving the DoE's Building Technologies Pro-gram's "zero energy" goal in heavily cooling-dominated climates. Moreover, SHR-augmented GHP systems, in particular, could play a vital role in reducing building energy consumption and limiting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in heavily cooling dominated states, like Texas, which are experiencing large increases in population and correspondingly, peak electricity demand. If only 0.1% of Texas,' Arizona's, New Mexico's and Nevada's nearly 15 million-or 15,000-homes were to install new (or convert their existing HVAC or heat pump system to) a full or hybrid GHP system, it would result in between $400 and $800 million USD of new economic activity, most of which would be domestic. Moreover, these 15,000 homes would cut their annual energy consumption-and concomitant GHG emissions-by roughly 40-70%; on average they would save about $1,000 USD in annual operating costs, collectively saving about $15 million USD annually. A conservative GHP industry estimate is that at least 900 people would be directly employed for every 10,000 GHP units installed.

122

Increase Natural Gas Energy Efficiency | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Increase Natural Gas Energy Efficiency > Posts by term Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds...

123

Electric supply additions are not keeping pace with increased ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... potentially leading to increased calls on emergency demand response programs or even rolling blackouts. ...

124

Transient response of the Hadley Centre coupled ocean-atmosphere model to increasing carbon dioxide. Part 3: Analysis of global-mean response using simple models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The roles of surface, atmospheric, and oceanic feedbacks in controlling the global-mean transient response of a coupled ocean-atmosphere general circulation model (AOGCM) to increasing carbon dioxide are investigated. The analysis employs a four-box energy balance model (EBM) and an oceanic box-diffusion model (BDM) both tuned to the simulated general circulation model response. The land-sea contrast in the surface warming is explained almost entirely by the shortwave radiative feedbacks associated with changes in cloud and surface albedo. The oceanic thermal inertia delays the response; however, the initial delay is enhanced by increases in Anarctic sea-ice cover, which substantially reduce the effective climate sensitivity of the model in the first half of the 75-year experiment. When driven by the observed anthropogenic greenhouse forcing from the pre-industrial period to present day, the energy balance model overestimates the warming observed over land. However, inclusion of the direct forcing due to anthropogenic tropospheric sulphate aerosol eliminates the land/sea contrast in the response at 1990, leaving the simulated warming over land slightly below the observed value, although the rapid warming observed during the 1980s is well reproduced. The vertical penetration of the oceanic response is small below 1000 m. Within the top 1000 m the effective diffusivities are substantially enhanced by reduced convection and thermohaline overturning, driven by increased precipitation minus evaporation at high latitudes. These changes in ocean heat transport become significant after year 30, whereupon the effective oceanic heat capacity increases substantially, although this increase is partially offset by the effect of changes in the sea-ice margin.

Murphy, J.M. [Meteorological Office, Bracknell, Berkshire (United Kingdom)

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Utah Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Proved Reserves Increases...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Increases (Million Barrels) Utah Natural Gas Liquids Lease Condensate, Proved Reserves Increases (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7...

126

Utah Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Utah Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

127

Utah Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Utah Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

128

Utah Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Increases (Million Barrels) Utah Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

129

U.S. Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) U.S. Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

130

U.S. Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Reserves Revision Increases ...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Increases (Million Barrels) U.S. Natural Gas Plant Liquids, Reserves Revision Increases (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

131

San Antonio spurs increase in solar energy production | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

San Antonio spurs increase in solar energy production San Antonio spurs increase in solar energy production January 13, 2010 - 4:54pm Addthis San Antonio is using these unique...

132

Energetics Responses to Increases in Greenhouse Gas Concentration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Increasing greenhouse gas concentrations warm the troposphere. However, it is not clear whether this implies changes in the energetics. To study the energetics responses to CO2 increases, changes in the Lorenz energy cycle (LEC) are evaluated ...

Daniel Hernández-Deckers; Jin-Song von Storch

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Miscellaneous States Shale Gas Proved Reserves Revision Increases...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Miscellaneous States Shale Gas Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7...

134

California Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) California Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

135

Ohio Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Ohio Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

136

Audit of Department of Energy's Contractor Salary Increase Funds...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Department of Energy's Contractor Salary Increase Funds, CR-B-97-02 Audit of Department of Energy's Contractor Salary Increase Funds, CR-B-97-02 cr-b-97-02.pdf More Documents &...

137

Computational Challenges and Analysis under Increasingly Dynamic and Uncertain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computational Challenges and Analysis under Increasingly Dynamic and Uncertain Electric Power Empowering Minds to Engineer the Future Electric Energy System #12;Thrust Area 5 White Paper Computational Challenges and Analysis Under Increasingly Dynamic and Uncertain Electric Power System Conditions Project

138

Michigan Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Michigan Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

139

U.S. Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) U.S. Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) U.S. Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet)...

140

U.S. Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Increases (Million Barrels) U.S. Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million Barrels) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "necessitate substantially increased" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

New Mexico - West Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) New Mexico - West Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7...

142

New Mexico Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) New Mexico Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

143

New Mexico - East Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) New Mexico - East Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7...

144

Texas Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Texas Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

145

Equity Effects of Increasing-Block Electricity Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Increasing-Block Residential Electricity Rates in CaliforniaResidential Demand for Electricity under Inverted Block Rates:

Borenstein, Severin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Increased power production through enhancements to the Organic ...  

beyond conventional fossil fuels will become inevitably necessary in order to meet increasing global energy demands. Ef?cient and

147

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Weight Restriction Increase for Natural Gas  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Weight Restriction Weight Restriction Increase for Natural Gas Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Weight Restriction Increase for Natural Gas Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Weight Restriction Increase for Natural Gas Vehicles on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Weight Restriction Increase for Natural Gas Vehicles on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Weight Restriction Increase for Natural Gas Vehicles on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Weight Restriction Increase for Natural Gas Vehicles on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Weight Restriction Increase for Natural Gas Vehicles on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search

148

Introduction and Background Recent years have seen a substantial  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Atmospheric Administration | National Marine Fisheries Service Update on NOAA Spending Plan to Support* $ 761K NEPA document development $ 491K $ 520K Dockside Monitoring $ 1.5M $ 660K At-Sea Monitors.0M $ 6.0M NMFS Costs Science (e.g., socio-economic research, $ 511K discard analysis) Data mgt

149

Plausibility of Substantial Dry Adiabatic Subsidence in a Tornado Core  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The question of whether or not the cores of some tornadoes are significantly warmed above the moist adiabatic temperature of their parent Cb by dry adiabatic subsidence is discussed in terms of limited supporting evidence and scientific arguments ...

Robert L. Walko

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

NREL Makes Substantial Progress in Developing CZTSe Solar Cells...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

non-toxic, Earth-abundant elements. Recently, NREL demonstrated an 8.4%-efficient CZTSe solar cell produced using commercially acceptable manufacturing techniques. Scientists...

151

Substantially Parallel Flux Uncluttered Rotor Machines (U-Machine ...  

Vehicles and Fuels Industrial Technologies Hydropower ... Auto manufacturers; Industrial motor/generator manufacturers; Patents and Patent Applications. ID Number.

152

Increased Efficiency in SI Engine with Air Replaced by Oxygen in Argon Mixture  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Basic engine thermodynamics predicts that spark ignited engine efficiency is a function of both the compression ratio of the engine and the specific heat ratio of the working fluid. In practice the compression ratio of the engine is often limited due to knock. Both higher specific heat ratio and higher compression ratio lead to higher end gas temperatures and increase the likelihood of knock. In actual engine cycles, heat transfer losses increase at higher compression ratios and limit efficiency even when the knock limit is not reached. In this paper we investigate the role of both the compression ratio and the specific heat ratio on engine efficiency by conducting experiments comparing operation of a single-cylinder variable-compression-ratio engine with both hydrogen-air and hydrogen-oxygen-argon mixtures. For low load operation it is found that the hydrogen-oxygen-argon mixtures result in higher indicated thermal efficiencies. Peak efficiency for the hydrogen-oxygen-argon mixtures is found at compression ratio 5.5 whereas for the hydrogen-air mixture with an equivalence ratio of 0.24 the peak efficiency is found at compression ratio 13. We apply a three-zone model to help explain the effects of specific heat ratio and compression ratio on efficiency. Operation with hydrogen-oxygen-argon mixtures at low loads is more efficient because the lower compression ratio results in a substantially larger portion of the gas to reside in the adiabatic core rather than in the boundary layer and in the crevices, leading to less heat transfer and more complete combustion.

Killingsworth, N J; Rapp, V H; Flowers, D L; Aceves, S M; Chen, J; Dibble, R

2010-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

153

Economic Benefits of Increasing Electric Grid Resilience to Weather Outages  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Economic Benefits of Increasing Electric Grid Resilience to Weather Economic Benefits of Increasing Electric Grid Resilience to Weather Outages Economic Benefits of Increasing Electric Grid Resilience to Weather Outages In June 2011, President Obama released A Policy Framework for the 21st Century Grid which set out a four-pillared strategy for modernizing the electric grid. The initiative directed billions of dollars toward investments in 21st century smart grid technologies focused at increasing the grid's efficiency, reliability, and resilience, and making it less vulnerable to weather-related outages and reducing the time it takes to restore power after an outage occurs. Grid resilience is increasingly important as climate change increases the frequency and intensity of severe weather. Greenhouse gas emissions are elevating air and water temperatures around the world. Scientific research

154

SES Performance-Based Pay Increase | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Performance-Based Pay Increase Performance-Based Pay Increase SES Performance-Based Pay Increase An agency may provide a pay increase to allow a senior executive to advance his or her relative position with the SES rate range only upon a determination by the authorized agency official that the executive's individual performance and/or contribution to agency performance so warrant. A senior executive who receives an annual summary rating of Outstanding or equivalent may be considered for an annual pay increase. A senior executive who receives an annual summary rating of less than Fully Successful or equivalent may not receive an increase in pay for the current appraisal period. The expectation is that executives who are paid consistent with their current level of responsibilities and who receive an

155

Increased use of reject heat from electric generation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study aims to determine existing barriers to greater use of reject heat by electric power producers, including utilities and cogenerators. It includes analytical studies of the technical and economic issues and a survey of several electric power producers. The core analytic findings of the study are that although electric utility- based, cogenerated district heating is sometimes cost competitive with currently common furnaces and boilers, it is not clearly less expensive, and is often more expensive. Since market penetration by a new technology depends on strong perceived advantages, district heating will remain at a disadvantage unless its benefits, such as lowered emissions and decreased reliance on foreign oil, are given overt financial form through subsidies or tax incentives. The central finding from the survey was that electric utilities have arrived at the same conclusion by their own routes; we present a substantial list of their reasons for not engaging in district heating or for not pursuing it more vigorously, and many of them can be summarized as the lack of a clear cost advantage for district heat. We also note that small-scale district heating systems, based on diesel generators and located near the thermal load center, show very clear cost advantages over individual furnaces. This cost advantage is consistent with the explosive growth currently observed in private cogeneration systems.

Leigh, R.W. [Leigh (Richard W.), New York, NY (United States); Piraino, M. [Gas Research Inst., Chicago, IL (United States)

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Department of Energy and Nuclear Regulatory Commission Increase Cooperation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nuclear Regulatory Commission Increase Nuclear Regulatory Commission Increase Cooperation to Advance Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Department of Energy and Nuclear Regulatory Commission Increase Cooperation to Advance Global Nuclear Energy Partnership July 17, 2007 - 2:55pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) expanded cooperation for President Bush's Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) through a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) that was signed on Friday by DOE's GNEP Deputy Program Manager Paul Lisowski and NRC Executive Director for Operations Luis Reyes. The MOU establishes the foundation for increased cooperation between DOE and NRC on technological research and engineering studies and marks another important milestone

157

President Truman Increases Production of Uranium and Plutonium | National  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Increases Production of Uranium and Plutonium | National Increases Production of Uranium and Plutonium | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > About Us > Our History > NNSA Timeline > President Truman Increases Production of Uranium and Plutonium President Truman Increases Production of Uranium and Plutonium October 09, 1950

158

DOE Issues Funding Opportunity for Innovations to Increase Cybersecurity  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Issues Funding Opportunity for Innovations to Increase Issues Funding Opportunity for Innovations to Increase Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems DOE Issues Funding Opportunity for Innovations to Increase Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems February 11, 2013 - 10:53am Addthis The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability issued a new Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA), Innovation for Increasing Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems, on February 8. The announcement is seeking applications to conduct research, development and demonstrations leading to next generation tools and technologies that will become widely adopted to enhance and accelerate deployment of cybersecurity capabilities for the U.S energy infrastructure, including cyber secure integration of smart grid technologies.

159

Factors Associated with Increasing Teacher Retention in Rural Schools.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This paper seeks to identify school-based factors associated with increasing teacher retention in rural public schools. Though there is a large body of research that… (more)

Rutenberg, David

160

ORNL DAAC, Effects of Increased Carbon Dioxide, Dec. 11, 2002  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Increased Carbon Dioxide on Vegetation The ORNL DAAC announces the release of a data set entitled "Effects of Elevated Carbon Dioxide on Litter Chemistry and Decomposition." The...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "necessitate substantially increased" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

KIVA: Increases engine efficiency while improving fuel economy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in automotive catalytic converters Design of fire suppression systems Pulsed detonation propulsion systems design Benefits: Increases engine efficiency while reducing harmful...

162

,"U.S. Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ame","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Coalbed Methane Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2011 ,"Release...

163

Study on Aluminum Foam with Fly Ash Increase Viscosity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

May 1, 2007 ... Study on Aluminum Foam with Fly Ash Increase Viscosity by Yong Wang, Guang- chun Yao, and Bing Li. Publisher: TMS. Product Format: PDF.

164

,"U.S. Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Shale Proved Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2011 ,"Release...

165

Increasing wind capacity requires new approaches to electricity ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Electric power generation from wind is increasing rapidly in the United States. Wind power is attractive for its lack of emissions and low operating costs, but its ...

166

Increased Energy Efficiency and Reduced HF Emissions with New ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Increased Energy Efficiency and Reduced HF Emissions with New Heat Exchanger. Author(s), Anders Kenneth Sorhuus, Geir Wedde, Ketil A.

167

Increased cycling efficiency and rate capability of copper-coated...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

cycling efficiency and rate capability of copper-coated silicon anodes in lithium-ion batteries Title Increased cycling efficiency and rate capability of copper-coated silicon...

168

ARTICLE: Abradable Coatings Increase Gas Turbine Engine Efficiency  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 11, 2007 ... Topic Title: ARTICLE: Abradable Coatings Increase Gas Turbine Engine Efficiency Topic Summary: F. Ghasripoor et. al. article from Materials ...

169

Global cooling: increasing world-wide urban albedos to offset...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

In addition, increasing urban albedo can result in less absorption of incoming solar radiation by the surface-troposphere system, countering to some extent the global scale...

170

Increasing Use of Secondary Materials in Production Planning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There are several barriers to increased use of secondary materials, particularly in metal systems, that can be addressed through innovative production ...

171

President Truman Increases Production of Uranium and Plutonium...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Increases Production of Uranium and Plutonium | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy...

172

OSTP Directs Federal Agencies to Increase Public Access to Scientific...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

OSTP Directs Federal Agencies to Increase Public Access to Scientific Publications open book The White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) has issued a major...

173

Equity Effects of Increasing-Block Electricity Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of increasing-block electricity rate schedules in the Unitedfrom the analysis of electricity rates, this approach toBlock Residential Electricity Rates in California The

Borenstein, Severin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

"Increasing Solar Panel Efficiency And Reliability By Evaporative...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Increasing Solar Panel Efficiency And Reliability By Evaporative Cooling" Inventors..--.. Lewis Meixler, Charles Gentile, Patricia Hillyer, Dylan Carpe, Jason Wang, Caroline Brooks...

175

Method to Increase Stabilization Rate of Lignin for Carbon ...  

Method to Increase Stabilization Rate of Lignin for Carbon Fiber Production Note: The technology described above is an early stage opportunity.

176

Overview: The Increasing Importance and Capabilities of Biomass...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

IB IN DEPTH-Special Section on Advances in Biomass Characterization Technology brian h. davison, guest editor Overview: The Increasing Importance and Capabilities of Biomass...

177

Increase energy efficiency in systems and buildings and improve...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Increase energy efficiency in systems and buildings and improve indoor environment: How to validate comfort and energy reduction Speaker(s): Wouter Borsboom Date: December 8, 2009...

178

,"California Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","California Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2011...

179

DOE Announces $14 Million Industry Partnership Projects to Increase...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Administration Other Agencies You are here Home DOE Announces 14 Million Industry Partnership Projects to Increase Fuel Efficiency DOE Announces 14 Million Industry...

180

This year's gasoline price increase not unusual - Today in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... and trends. FAQs ... although in some years, including this year, the price increase ... Over the past 20 years, the average period of rising prices in the ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "necessitate substantially increased" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Increase Natural Gas Energy Efficiency | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Increase Natural Gas Energy Efficiency Home > Features > Groups Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds Content type Blog entry Discussion Document Event Poll Question...

182

President Truman Increases Production of Uranium and Plutonium...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

content Facebook Flickr RSS Twitter YouTube President Truman Increases Production of Uranium and Plutonium | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the...

183

Changing World Product Markets and Potential Refining Capacity Increases  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The presentation explores potential refinery capacity increases over the next 5 years in various world regions, based on changing demand patterns, changing price incentives, and capacity expansion announcements.

Information Center

2006-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

184

Maximizing the Productive Uses of Electricity to Increase the...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Maximizing the Productive Uses of Electricity to Increase the Impact of Rural Electrification Programs Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Maximizing the Productive Uses...

185

Energy Crops Engineered for Increased Sugar Extraction through ...  

Energy Crops Engineered for Increased Sugar Extraction through Inhibition of snl6 Expression Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Contact LBL About This ...

186

Increasing Energy Efficiency and Reducing Emissions from China...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

from China's Cement Kilns: Audit Report of Two Cement Plants in Shandong Province, China Title Increasing Energy Efficiency and Reducing Emissions from China's Cement Kilns:...

187

NETL: News Release - DOE Seeks Proposals to Increase Investment...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

15, 2009 DOE Seeks Proposals to Increase Investment in Industrial Carbon Capture and Sequestration Projects Paves Way for First U.S. Commercial Scale Carbon Capture and Storage...

188

Increases in oil prices affect broader measures of inflation ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Over the past ten years, the Chained Consumer Price Index (C-CPI-U) ... oil price increases boost freight transportation costs—for example, ...

189

Industrial sector drives increase in North Dakota electricity ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Increased oil and natural gas production in North Dakota has driven the state's growth in industrial demand for electricity. Rising economic activity and population ...

190

,"Texas Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

,"Worksheet Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Texas Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2011...

191

Increase in the Stability of Gravimetric Classification System of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, After the installation of coarse seed filtration at lines 1, 2 and 3 from Hydro Alunorte, the precipitation productivity was increased, however the ...

192

Lawrence Livermore increases contracts awarded to small businesses...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

standing in front of the NIF diagnostics that she works on. Photos by Julie KorhummelLLNL Lawrence Livermore increases contracts awarded to small businesses for third straight...

193

Staging laser plasma accelerators for increased beam energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Staging Laser Plasma Accelerators for Increased Beam Energy94720, USA Abstract. Staging laser plasma accelerators is anefficient way of mitigating laser pump depletion in laser

Panasenko, Dmitriy

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

,"U.S. Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Crude Oil + Lease Condensate Reserves Revision Increases (Million Barrels)",1,"Annual",2011...

195

,"New Mexico Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Name","Description"," Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New Mexico Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet)",1,"Annual",2011...

196

Increasing Coke Impurities – Is this Really a Problem for Metal ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Increases in the Vanadium and Nickel content of anode grade coke in recent years have predictably affected smelter metal quality. This has now ...

197

How California Can Increase Investments in Public Transit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

All Aboard How California Can Increase Investments in Public Transit July 2011 #12;About \\ Berkeley Law All Aboard: How California Can Increase Investments in Public Transit Executive Summary: The Importance of Public Transit The buses, passenger rail cars, and shuttle vans that serve California

Militzer, Burkhard

198

Electric Power Research Institute Cooperation to Increase Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Research Institute Cooperation to Increase Energy Research Institute Cooperation to Increase Energy Efficiency, March 6, 2008 Electric Power Research Institute Cooperation to Increase Energy Efficiency, March 6, 2008 The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) strengthened cooperation for research, development and deployment of energy technologies aimed at promoting increased energy efficiency. DOE and EPRI yesterday signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) establishing a framework for close coordination to advance the common goal of satisfying the nation's growing electricity needs by improving energy efficiency and promoting the widespread adoption of electric energy demand response programs in an effort to curtail energy use during peak periods. Electric Power Research Institute Cooperation to Increase Energy

199

Powerpedia - Using Technology to Increase Transparancy | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

- Using Technology to Increase Transparancy - Using Technology to Increase Transparancy Powerpedia - Using Technology to Increase Transparancy May 18, 2011 - 4:42pm Addthis The OCIO established a Department-wide wiki, Powerpedia, in early 2010 to help facilitate knowledge capture, collaboration, and increased efficiency. Leveraging many of the lessons learned from the intelligence community's Intellipedia effort, the Department implemented Powerpedia to increase the level of transparency and connect people and information together. Built on the same open source software underpinning Wikipedia, called MediaWiki, the Department is rapidly building a large corpus of information that is enabling the organization to "know what it knows". As of May 2011, Powerpedia has over 7,500 total pages and 45,000 page

200

Public Finance Mechanisms to Increase Investment in Energy Efficiency |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Public Finance Mechanisms to Increase Investment in Energy Efficiency Public Finance Mechanisms to Increase Investment in Energy Efficiency Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Public Finance Mechanisms to Increase Investment in Energy Efficiency Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Environment Programme Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency Topics: Finance Resource Type: Publications Website: www.sefalliance.org/fileadmin/media/base/downloads/pfm_EE.pdf Public Finance Mechanisms to Increase Investment in Energy Efficiency Screenshot References: Public Finance Mechanisms to Increase Investment in Energy Efficiency[1] Background "The report identifies the market barriers and financing gaps that energy efficiency technologies, companies and projects encounter on the way from conception to commercialisation and highlights existing public sector

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "necessitate substantially increased" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Linearity of Climate Response to Increases in Black Carbon Aerosols  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The impact of absorbing aerosols on global climate are not completely understood. Here, we present results of idealized experiments conducted with the Community Atmosphere Model (CAM4) coupled to a slab ocean model (CAM4-SOM) to simulate the climate response to increases in tropospheric black carbon aerosols (BC) by direct and semi-direct effects. CAM4-SOM was forced with 0, 1x, 2x, 5x and 10x an estimate of the present day concentration of BC while maintaining their estimated present day global spatial and vertical distribution. The top of the atmosphere (TOA) radiative forcing of BC in these experiments is positive (warming) and increases linearly as the BC burden increases. The total semi-direct effect for the 1x experiment is positive but becomes increasingly negative for higher BC concentrations. The global average surface temperature response is found to be a linear function of the TOA radiative forcing. The climate sensitivity to BC from these experiments is estimated to be 0.42 K $\\textnormal W^{-1} m^{2}$ when the semi-direct effects are accounted for and 0.22 K $\\textnormal W^{-1} m^{2}$ with only the direct effects considered. Global average precipitation decreases linearly as BC increases, with a precipitation sensitivity to atmospheric absorption of 0.4 $\\%$ $\\textnormal W^{-1} \\textnormal m^{2}$ . The hemispheric asymmetry of BC also causes an increase in southward cross-equatorial heat transport and a resulting northward shift of the inter-tropical convergence zone in the simulations at a rate of 4$^{\\circ}$N $\\textnormal PW^{-1}$. Global average mid- and high-level clouds decrease, whereas the low-level clouds increase linearly with BC. The increase in marine stratocumulus cloud fraction over the south tropical Atlantic is caused by increased BC-induced diabatic heating of the free troposphere.

Evans, Katherine J [ORNL; Hack, James J [ORNL; Truesdale, John [National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Helping Wisconsin Small Businesses Increase Sustainability | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wisconsin Small Businesses Increase Sustainability Wisconsin Small Businesses Increase Sustainability Helping Wisconsin Small Businesses Increase Sustainability June 28, 2012 - 3:51pm Addthis The Wisconsin Profitable Sustainability Initiative (PSI), an innovative, customizable and highly-effective program of the Wisconsin Manufacturing Extension Partnership (WMEP), demonstrates the range of economic, social and environmental benefits that can be realized by the state's small and midsize manufacturers through the implementation of sustainable business practices. Kristin Swineford Communication Specialist, Weatherization and Intergovernmental Programs What Does the Future Look Like? Electricity demand from these participants will be reduced by nearly 13 million kilowatt hours. 9,000 tons of solid waste will be diverted from landfills.

203

Implications of Increasing U.S. Crude Oil Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Implications of Increasing U.S. Crude Implications of Increasing U.S. Crude Oil Production By John Powell June 18, 2013 U.S. crude oil production is up dramatically since 2010 and will continue to grow rapidly; this has implications for: John Powell June 18, 2013 2 * Refinery operations * Refinery investment * Logistics infrastructure investment * Exports of petroleum products * Exports of crude oil Increased U.S. crude oil production has resulted in: John Powell June 18, 2013 3 * Declines in U.S. crude imports * Changes to refinery operations * Logistical constraints in moving crude from production areas to refining areas * Discounted prices for domestic "landlocked" crude vs. international seaborne crude

204

Using Transportation Technology to Increase Efficiencies in Shipping: Real  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Using Transportation Technology to Increase Efficiencies in Using Transportation Technology to Increase Efficiencies in Shipping: Real Life Experience in Oak Ridge Using Transportation Technology to Increase Efficiencies in Shipping: Real Life Experience in Oak Ridge RFITS has enabled DOE ORO to establish a complex-wide initiative, supporting on-site electronic shipping and transportation of waste while utilizing industry best practices to develop and maintain a cost effective and sustainable logistics and inventory management system. Using Transportation Technology to Increase Efficiencies in Shipping: Real Life Experience in Oak Ridge More Documents & Publications Above on the left is K-25, at Oak Ridge before and after the 844,000 sq-ft demolition. In addition, on the right: K Cooling Tower at Savannah River Site demolition.

205

Department of Energy Launches Major Initiative to Increase Energy Savings  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Major Initiative to Increase Energy Major Initiative to Increase Energy Savings Across the Nationwide DOE Complex by 30 Percent Department of Energy Launches Major Initiative to Increase Energy Savings Across the Nationwide DOE Complex by 30 Percent August 8, 2007 - 3:16pm Addthis NEW ORLEANS, LA - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Secretary Samuel W. Bodman today launched the Transformational Energy Action Management (TEAM) Initiative, a Department-wide effort aimed at reducing energy intensity across the nationwide DOE complex by 30 percent. The TEAM Initiative aims to meet or exceed the aggressive goals for increasing energy efficiency throughout the federal government already laid out by President Bush. Reducing energy intensity by 30 percent across the DOE complex will save approximately $90 million in taxpayer dollars per year, after projects are

206

Mentoring and Educating to Increase Diversity in Science, Tech, Engineering  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mentoring and Educating to Increase Diversity in Science, Tech, Mentoring and Educating to Increase Diversity in Science, Tech, Engineering and Math Mentoring and Educating to Increase Diversity in Science, Tech, Engineering and Math October 12, 2011 - 9:19am Addthis Mentoring and Educating to Increase Diversity in Science, Tech, Engineering and Math Bill Valdez Bill Valdez Principal Deputy Director "The next two decades of global diversity and inclusion will present unprecedented opportunities and challenges," began the description of one of yesterday's panels at the 2011 National Diversity Women's Business Leadership Conference. Yesterday I had the opportunity to present on that panel, joined by thought leaders in diversity such as Rosalyn Taylor O'Neale, VP and Chief Diversity & Inclusion Officer at Campbell Soup Company and Dr. Johnnetta Cole, the

207

Electric Power Research Institute Cooperation to Increase Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electric Power Research Institute Cooperation to Increase Energy Electric Power Research Institute Cooperation to Increase Energy Efficiency, March 6, 2008 Electric Power Research Institute Cooperation to Increase Energy Efficiency, March 6, 2008 The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) strengthened cooperation for research, development and deployment of energy technologies aimed at promoting increased energy efficiency. DOE and EPRI yesterday signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) establishing a framework for close coordination to advance the common goal of satisfying the nation's growing electricity needs by improving energy efficiency and promoting the widespread adoption of electric energy demand response programs in an effort to curtail energy use during peak periods.

208

Technological Opportunities to Increase the Proliferation Resistance of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Technological Opportunities to Increase the Proliferation Technological Opportunities to Increase the Proliferation Resistance of Global Civilian Nuclear Power Systems (TOPS) Technological Opportunities to Increase the Proliferation Resistance of Global Civilian Nuclear Power Systems (TOPS) In 1999 the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) formed a special task force, called the TOPS Task Force, from the Nuclear Energy Research Advisory Committee (NERAC) to identify near- and long-term technical opportunities to further increase the proliferation resistance of global civilian nuclear power systems. Recommendations on specific areas of research were called for, as well as on areas where international collaboration could be most productive. This report is the response to this ambitious charge and is essentially a work in progress, suggesting directions of effort for the

209

DOE Announces 12 Projects To Increase Vehicle Efficiency | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Announces 12 Projects To Increase Vehicle Efficiency Announces 12 Projects To Increase Vehicle Efficiency DOE Announces 12 Projects To Increase Vehicle Efficiency February 16, 2005 - 10:16am Addthis Industry Partners to Cost-Share Funding on $175 Million in Research Projects WASHINGTON, DC -- Secretary of Energy Samuel Bodman today announced the selection of projects that will increase the energy efficiency of passenger and commercial vehicles while maintaining low emissions. Twelve projects, with a total value of $175 million (50 percent, or $87.5 million contributed by the private sector) will focus on development of advanced combustion engine and waste heat recovery technologies. "Together with our private sector partners, the Department of Energy is pursuing innovative new technologies to improve vehicle fuel efficiency and

210

DOE Announces $14 Million Industry Partnership Projects to Increase Fuel  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4 Million Industry Partnership Projects to Increase 4 Million Industry Partnership Projects to Increase Fuel Efficiency DOE Announces $14 Million Industry Partnership Projects to Increase Fuel Efficiency May 26, 2005 - 1:02pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - Secretary of Energy Samuel Bodman today announced a public-private partnership between the Department of Energy, industry and academia aimed at significantly improving the vehicle efficiency of cars and trucks through advances in technology. The partnership consists of six projects with a value including cost share of over $14 million. "Achieving the goal of increased vehicle efficiency will require a coordinated approach involving government agencies, private companies and researchers. Partnerships like this will propel innovation, and eventually lead to a day when our children and grandchildren will call the

211

DOE Announces $14 Million Industry Partnership Projects to Increase Fuel  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE Announces $14 Million Industry Partnership Projects to Increase DOE Announces $14 Million Industry Partnership Projects to Increase Fuel Efficiency DOE Announces $14 Million Industry Partnership Projects to Increase Fuel Efficiency May 26, 2005 - 1:02pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - Secretary of Energy Samuel Bodman today announced a public-private partnership between the Department of Energy, industry and academia aimed at significantly improving the vehicle efficiency of cars and trucks through advances in technology. The partnership consists of six projects with a value including cost share of over $14 million. "Achieving the goal of increased vehicle efficiency will require a coordinated approach involving government agencies, private companies and researchers. Partnerships like this will propel innovation, and

212

Using Transportation Technology to Increase Efficiencies in Shipping: Real  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Using Transportation Technology to Increase Efficiencies in Using Transportation Technology to Increase Efficiencies in Shipping: Real Life Experience in Oak Ridge Using Transportation Technology to Increase Efficiencies in Shipping: Real Life Experience in Oak Ridge RFITS has enabled DOE ORO to establish a complex-wide initiative, supporting on-site electronic shipping and transportation of waste while utilizing industry best practices to develop and maintain a cost effective and sustainable logistics and inventory management system. Using Transportation Technology to Increase Efficiencies in Shipping: Real Life Experience in Oak Ridge More Documents & Publications Above on the left is K-25, at Oak Ridge before and after the 844,000 sq-ft demolition. In addition, on the right: K Cooling Tower at Savannah River Site demolition.

213

Technological Opportunities to Increase the Proliferation Resistance of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Technological Opportunities to Increase the Proliferation Technological Opportunities to Increase the Proliferation Resistance of Global Civilian Nuclear Power Systems (TOPS) Technological Opportunities to Increase the Proliferation Resistance of Global Civilian Nuclear Power Systems (TOPS) In 1999 the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) formed a special task force, called the TOPS Task Force, from the Nuclear Energy Research Advisory Committee (NERAC) to identify near- and long-term technical opportunities to further increase the proliferation resistance of global civilian nuclear power systems. Recommendations on specific areas of research were called for, as well as on areas where international collaboration could be most productive. This report is the response to this ambitious charge and is essentially a work in progress, suggesting directions of effort for the

214

NERSC Increases System Storage and Security for Users  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Increases Increases System Storage and Security for Users NERSC Increases System Storage and Security for Users April 28, 2009 Franklin Upgrades Improve I/O Performance Throughout the month of March the Cray XT4 machine Franklin underwent a series of upgrades and improvements, including a major I/O upgrade. The disk capacity of the scratch file system was increased by 30% to 460 TB, and the I/O bandwidth was nearly tripled to an aggregate write performance of 32 GB/sec, compared to 11 GB/s before the upgrade. Instead of adding the new hardware to the existing scratch file system, NERSC chose to implement a second scratch file system so that Franklin now has two scratch file systems, each with a peak write bandwidth of 16 GB/sec. "We doubled the amount of I/O hardware and nearly tripled the bandwidth,

215

DOE Increases Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential Furnaces &  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE Increases Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential Furnaces DOE Increases Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential Furnaces & Boilers DOE Increases Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential Furnaces & Boilers November 19, 2007 - 4:31pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced it has increased the energy efficiency standards for residential furnaces and boilers, underscoring the Department's commitment to meet its aggressive, five-year appliance standard rulemaking schedule, as established in its January 31, 2006, Report to Congress. The Department estimates that these amended standards, which become effective in 2015, will save the equivalent of the total amount of energy consumed by 2.5 million American households in one year, or approximately 0.25 quadrillion (10x15) British thermal

216

Mentoring and Educating to Increase Diversity in Science, Tech, Engineering  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mentoring and Educating to Increase Diversity in Science, Tech, Mentoring and Educating to Increase Diversity in Science, Tech, Engineering and Math Mentoring and Educating to Increase Diversity in Science, Tech, Engineering and Math October 12, 2011 - 9:19am Addthis Mentoring and Educating to Increase Diversity in Science, Tech, Engineering and Math Bill Valdez Bill Valdez Principal Deputy Director "The next two decades of global diversity and inclusion will present unprecedented opportunities and challenges," began the description of one of yesterday's panels at the 2011 National Diversity Women's Business Leadership Conference. Yesterday I had the opportunity to present on that panel, joined by thought leaders in diversity such as Rosalyn Taylor O'Neale, VP and Chief Diversity & Inclusion Officer at Campbell Soup Company and Dr. Johnnetta Cole, the

217

Benin: Increased Access to Modern Energy Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Benin: Increased Access to Modern Energy Project Benin: Increased Access to Modern Energy Project Jump to: navigation, search Name of project Benin: Increased Access to Modern Energy Project Location of project Benin Energy Services Lighting, Cooking and water heating, Space heating, Information and communications Year initiated 2009 Organization World Bank Website http://documents.worldbank.org Coordinates 9.30769°, 2.315834° References The World Bank[1] The objective of the Increased Access to Modern Energy Project is to improve reliability, efficiency, and access to modern energy services in Benin. There are three components to the project, the first component being electrical network upgrading. This component will provide for necessary investments to allow for continued operation of the existing transmission

218

SBA Increases Size Standards for Waste Remediation Services &  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SBA Increases Size Standards for Waste Remediation Services & SBA Increases Size Standards for Waste Remediation Services & Information/Admin Support SBA Increases Size Standards for Waste Remediation Services & Information/Admin Support December 12, 2012 - 10:22am Addthis John Hale III John Hale III Director, Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization Earlier this week, the U.S. Small Business Administration announced that they have revised size definitions for small businesses in Administrative and Support & Waste Management and Remediation Services categories, saying these revisions "reflect changes in marketplace conditions." The new standards are published in the Federal Register. Increases to size standards will enable some growing small businesses in these sectors to retain their small business status; will give federal

219

Global and Local Effect of Increasing Land Surface Albedo as...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Global and Local Effect of Increasing Land Surface Albedo as a Geo-Engineering AdaptationMitigation Option: A Case Study of Mediterranean Greenhouse Farming Speaker(s): Pablo...

220

Research Commentary: Increasing the Flexibility of Legacy Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Flexibility is what people seek when striving to increase or expand economic and social choices, equity, and technological innovations. Flexibility provides the robustness needed to adjust to changes such as those arising from a warmer/colder world, ...

Barry Wellar; William L. Garrison; Ross MacKinnon; William R. Black; Arthur Getis

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "necessitate substantially increased" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

A Transformed Lagged Ensemble Forecasting Technique for Increasing Ensemble Size  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An ensemble-based data assimilation approach is used to transform old ensemble forecast perturbations with more recent observations for the purpose of inexpensively increasing ensemble size. The impact of the transformations are propagated ...

Andrew R. Lawrence; James A. Hansen

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

System for increasing corona inception voltage of insulating oils  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The Corona Inception Voltage of insulating oils is increased by repetitive cycles of prestressing the oil with a voltage greater than the corona inception voltage, and either simultaneously or serially removing byproducts of corona by evacuation and heating the oil.

Rohwein, Gerald J. (Albuquerque, NM)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

The Recent Increase in North Atlantic Wave Heights  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The nature and causes of the recent increase in North Atlantic wave heights are explored by combining a numerical hindcast with a statistical analysis. The numerical hindcast incorporates a 10-yr history (1980–89) of North Atlantic, twice daily ...

Y. Kushnir; V. J. Cardone; J. G. Greenwood; M. A. Cane

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Climate Change Institute director wants to increase information...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Climate Change Science Institute director wants to increase information Jack Fellows Jack Fellows (hi-res image) Listen to the audio OAK RIDGE, Tenn., Nov. 21, 2013 - Jack Fellows,...

225

Protect the Electric Grid from Increasingly Severe Weather Due...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Protect the Electric Grid from Increasingly Severe Weather Due to Climate Change, Says Joint White House and Department of Energy Report Print E-mail Using Technology to Bring...

226

Increase Natural Gas Energy Efficiency | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Groups > Groups > Increase Natural Gas Energy Efficiency Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds There are no feeds from external sites for this group. Groups Menu You must...

227

EIA forecasts increased oil demand, need for additional supply ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

World oil demand is forecast to increase by 1.7 million barrels per day (bbl/d) ... Cooling demand in the Middle East is expected to rise to record levels this summer.

228

Supporting small-scale dairy farmers in increasing milk production ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 13, 2010 ... (irrigation scheme, plant supply area, national production) while alleviating the ... The recent increase in food demand and the consequences this has for prices ..... selection and management of forage crops, design of dietary.

229

Increasing power of groupwise association test with likelihood ratio test  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sequencing studies have been discovering a numerous number of rare variants, allowing the identification of the effects of rare variants on disease susceptibility. As a method to increase the statistical power of studies on rare variants, several groupwise ...

Jae Hoon Sul; Buhm Han; Eleazar Eskin

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Does Increasing Horizontal Resolution Produce More Skillful Forecasts?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper examines the impacts of increasing horizontal resolution on the performance of mesoscale numerical weather prediction models. A review of previous studies suggests that decreasing grid spacing to approximately 10 km orless generally ...

Clifford F. Mass; David Ovens; Ken Westrick; Brian A. Colle

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Have Disaster Losses Increased Due to Anthropogenic Climate Change?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The increasing impact of natural disasters over recent decades has been well documented, especially the direct economic losses and losses that were insured. Claims are made by some that climate change has caused more losses, but others assert ...

Laurens M. Bouwer

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Decreasing Reliability and Increasing Synchroneity of Western North American Streamflow  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Assessing climate-related societal vulnerability and mitigating impacts requires timely diagnosis of the nature of regional hydrologic change. A late-twentieth-century emergent trend is discovered toward increasing year-to-year variance (...

Shaleen Jain; Martin Hoerling; Jon Eischeid

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Evaluating Policies to Increase Electricity Generation from Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Building on a review of experience in the United States and the European Union, this article advances four main propositions concerning policies aimed at increasing electricity generation from renewable energy. First, who ...

Schmalensee, Richard

234

Wrapping Up: Our Conversation on Increasing Diversity in STEM...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Last week, I hosted a panel of science, technology and innovation experts for a live Google+ Hangout on increasing diversity in STEM education and the workforce. To discuss what...

235

DOE Increases Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential Furnaces &  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE Increases Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential Furnaces DOE Increases Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential Furnaces & Boilers DOE Increases Energy Efficiency Standards for Residential Furnaces & Boilers November 19, 2007 - 4:31pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced it has increased the energy efficiency standards for residential furnaces and boilers, underscoring the Department's commitment to meet its aggressive, five-year appliance standard rulemaking schedule, as established in its January 31, 2006, Report to Congress. The Department estimates that these amended standards, which become effective in 2015, will save the equivalent of the total amount of energy consumed by 2.5 million American households in one year, or approximately 0.25 quadrillion (10x15) British thermal

236

Applications of Increased Power Flow Strategies for Underground Cables  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In 2003, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) recognized that there were no detailed resources on the topic of increased power flow (sometimes called uprating) for underground cable systems. Transmission cables were often the focus of evaluations where utilities were seeking to get the greatest improvement in load transfer for a given investment. The 2003 EPRI report, Increased Power Flow Guidebook: Underground Cables, describes basic cable rating principles and ...

2013-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

237

Use of a Fish Transportation Barge for Increasing Returns of Steelhead Imprinted for Homing, Final Report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this 7-year National Fisheries Service study, which began is 1982, was to determine if transporting juvenile steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss) by truck and barge from Dworshak National Fish Hatchery (NFH), on the Clearwater River, to a release site on the Columbia River below Bonneville Dam would result in increased returns of adults to the various fisheries and to the hatchery homing site. During 1982 and 1983, over 500,000 marked juvenile steelhead were serially released as controls from the hatchery or barged as test fish to below Bonneville Dam. Recoveries of marked adults to various recovery sites are complete. Fish released in 1983 showed a stronger homing ability and more rapid upstream migration than test fish released in 1982. Most adults from both control and test releases in 1983 and control releases in 1982 migrated a considerable distance upstream and overwintered in the Snake and Clearwater Rivers--behavior similar to Clearwater River fish previously transported from Lower Granite Dam. In contrast, many of the adults from test releases in 1982 failed to migrate upstream during the fall, overwintered in the Columbia River, and migrated upstream the following spring. Survival of control fish released at Dworshak NFH in late April 1982 was substantially higher than survival of those released in mid-May. Survival and homing of control fish released in late April and early May 1983 were over 10 times that for fish released in late May. Return of adults from normal hatchery releases in 1982 was the highest ever observed at Dworshak NFH.

Harmon, Jerrel R.

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Response of a Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Model to Increasing Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide: Sensitivity to the Rate of Increase  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The influence of differing rates of increase of the atmospheric CO2 concentration on the climatic response is investigated using a coupled ocean–atmosphere model. Five transient integrations are performed each using a different constant ...

Ronald J. Stouffer; Syukuro Manabe

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Colorado Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Colorado Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 116 226 373 1980's 250 131 322 167 160 368 372 340 473 431 1990's 394 719 718 1,000 696 555 802 959 1,898 2,788 2000's 1,825 1,882 2,029 2,114 1,505 2,018 1,178 3,924 3,244 1,601 2010's 2,973 2,509 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 8/1/2013 Next Release Date: 8/1/2014 Referring Pages: Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases Colorado Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves Revision Increases

240

Oklahoma Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Oklahoma Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases (Billion Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1970's 837 962 1,026 1980's 1,293 1,262 2,374 2,189 2,245 2,357 2,158 2,251 2,538 1,984 1990's 1,803 1,710 1,988 1,554 1,580 1,892 1,886 2,396 2,995 3,029 2000's 2,498 1,458 2,159 2,892 2,173 3,064 1,515 2,115 2,786 2,894 2010's 3,224 5,142 - = No Data Reported; -- = Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Release Date: 8/1/2013 Next Release Date: 8/1/2014 Referring Pages: Dry Natural Gas Reserves Revision Increases Oklahoma Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves Dry Natural Gas Proved Reserves Revision Increases

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "necessitate substantially increased" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Protecting the Electric Grid from Increasingly Severe Weather Due to  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Protecting the Electric Grid from Increasingly Severe Weather Due Protecting the Electric Grid from Increasingly Severe Weather Due to Climate Change Protecting the Electric Grid from Increasingly Severe Weather Due to Climate Change August 12, 2013 - 5:25pm Addthis Transmission lines along Highway 15 outside Victorville, California. | Photo courtesy of Abby Rowling. Transmission lines along Highway 15 outside Victorville, California. | Photo courtesy of Abby Rowling. Patricia A. Hoffman Patricia A. Hoffman Assistant Secretary, Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability Jim Stock Member - White House Council of Economic Advisers EDITOR'S NOTE: This article originally appeared on WhiteHouse.gov. This week marks the tenth anniversary of one of the worst power outages in the United States, during which tens of millions of Americans were affected

242

West Virginia Agency Increases Staff to Meet Weatherization Needs |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

West Virginia Agency Increases Staff to Meet Weatherization Needs West Virginia Agency Increases Staff to Meet Weatherization Needs West Virginia Agency Increases Staff to Meet Weatherization Needs April 2, 2010 - 11:54am Addthis Joshua DeLung In the river city of Huntington, W.Va., there exists an eclectic brand of people, ranging from college students and businessmen to steel workers and coal miners. The city sits along the banks of the Ohio River. Like other cities, though, unemployment has taken its toll. One 25-year-old resident there, Dan Hardy, has worked his entire life to make life better for others. He became unemployed for about eight months after his plumbing and auto repair jobs disappeared. He didn't have much luck finding a job until the weatherization program at Southwest Community Action Council (SCAC) in Huntington, W.Va., called him for an interview.

243

Worldwide Carbon Capture and Storage Projects on the Increase | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Worldwide Carbon Capture and Storage Projects on the Increase Worldwide Carbon Capture and Storage Projects on the Increase Worldwide Carbon Capture and Storage Projects on the Increase November 13, 2009 - 12:00pm Addthis Washington, D.C. -- Worldwide efforts to fund and establish carbon capture and storage (CCS) projects have accelerated, according to a new Department of Energy (DOE) online database, indicating ongoing positive momentum toward achieving the G-8 goal for launching 20 CCS demonstrations by 2010. The database, a project of the Office of Fossil Energy's (FE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), reveals 192 proposed and active CCS projects worldwide. The projects are located in 20 countries across five continents. The 192 projects globally include 38 capture, 46 storage, and 108 for capture and storage. While most of the projects are still in the

244

DOE Award Results in Several Patents, Potential Increased Coal Recovery |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Award Results in Several Patents, Potential Increased Coal Award Results in Several Patents, Potential Increased Coal Recovery DOE Award Results in Several Patents, Potential Increased Coal Recovery February 9, 2009 - 12:00pm Addthis Washington, D.C. -- A $13 million cooperative effort with the Office of Fossil Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) over the past seven years has resulted in the successful demonstration of a novel technology that addresses a problem plaguing coal operators and environmentalists alike: separating fine coal particles from water and their ultimate use as a significant energy resource. Researchers at the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), Blacksburg, Va., have developed and patented an advanced technology called a hyperbaric centrifuge that can successfully remove

245

Effect of Increased Natural Gas Exports on Domestic Energy Markets  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Effect of Increased Natural Gas Effect of Increased Natural Gas Exports on Domestic Energy Markets as requested by the Office of Fossil Energy January 2012 This report was prepared by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. By law, EIA's data, analyses, and forecasts are independent of approval by any other officer or employee of the United States Government. The views in this report therefore should not be construed as representing those of the U.S. Department of Energy or other Federal agencies. U.S. Energy Information Administration | Effects of Increased Natural Gas Exports on Domestic Energy Markets i Contacts The Office of Energy Analysis prepared this report under the guidance of John Conti, Assistant

246

Reducing rural poverty through increased access to energy services: a  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reducing rural poverty through increased access to energy services: a Reducing rural poverty through increased access to energy services: a review of the multifunctional platform project in Mali Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Reducing rural poverty through increased access to energy services: a review of the multifunctional platform project in Mali Agency/Company /Organization: Abeeku Brew-Hammond & Anna Crole-Rees Partner: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency, People and Policy Phase: Create a Vision, Determine Baseline, Develop Goals, Evaluate Effectiveness and Revise as Needed Topics: Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access Resource Type: Publications User Interface: Website Website: www.beta.undp.org/undp/en/home/librarypage/environment-energy/sustaina

247

Federal Government Increases Renewable Energy Use Over 1000 Percent since  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Federal Government Increases Renewable Energy Use Over 1000 Percent Federal Government Increases Renewable Energy Use Over 1000 Percent since 1999; Exceeds Goal Federal Government Increases Renewable Energy Use Over 1000 Percent since 1999; Exceeds Goal November 3, 2005 - 12:35pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The Department of Energy (DOE) announced today that the federal government has exceeded its goal of obtaining 2.5 percent of its electricity needs from renewable energy sources by September 30, 2005. The largest energy consumer in the nation, the federal government now uses 2375 Gigawatt hours (GWh) of renewable energy -- enough to power 225,000 homes or a city the size of El Paso, Texas, for a year. "Particularly in light of tight oil and gas supplies caused by Hurricanes Katrina and Rita, it is important that all Americans - including the

248

RFID Technology Creating Jobs, Impacting Americans With Increasing  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

RFID Technology Creating Jobs, Impacting Americans With Increasing RFID Technology Creating Jobs, Impacting Americans With Increasing Frequency RFID Technology Creating Jobs, Impacting Americans With Increasing Frequency October 11, 2011 - 11:15am Addthis RFID technology is a prime example of how targeted Research & Development can enable the development of a core technology – making information mobile – that has commercial potential as far as the imagination can take you. RFID technology is a prime example of how targeted Research & Development can enable the development of a core technology - making information mobile - that has commercial potential as far as the imagination can take you. Liisa O'Neill Liisa O'Neill Former New Media Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What are the key facts? RFID technology is a prime example of how targeted Research &

249

Increasing Access to Materials Critical to the Clean Energy Economy |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Increasing Access to Materials Critical to the Clean Energy Economy Increasing Access to Materials Critical to the Clean Energy Economy Increasing Access to Materials Critical to the Clean Energy Economy January 9, 2013 - 12:30pm Addthis Europium, a rare earth element that has the same relative hardness of lead, is used to create fluorescent lightbulbs. With no proven substitutes, europium is considered critical to the clean energy economy. | Photo courtesy of the Ames Laboratory. Europium, a rare earth element that has the same relative hardness of lead, is used to create fluorescent lightbulbs. With no proven substitutes, europium is considered critical to the clean energy economy. | Photo courtesy of the Ames Laboratory. Rebecca Matulka Rebecca Matulka Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Who will be partners?

250

CO2 Injection in Kansas Oilfield Could Greatly Increase Production,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CO2 Injection in Kansas Oilfield Could Greatly Increase Production, CO2 Injection in Kansas Oilfield Could Greatly Increase Production, Permanently Store Carbon Dioxide, DOE Study Says CO2 Injection in Kansas Oilfield Could Greatly Increase Production, Permanently Store Carbon Dioxide, DOE Study Says August 31, 2011 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - The feasibility of using carbon dioxide (CO2) injection for recovering between 250 million and 500 million additional barrels of oil from Kansas oilfields has been established in a study funded by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The University of Kansas Center for Research studied the possibility of near-miscible CO2 flooding for extending the life of mature oilfields in the Arbuckle Formation while simultaneously providing permanent geologic storage of carbon dioxide, a major greenhouse gas.

251

Cost of Increased Energy Efficiency for Residential Water Heaters  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cost of Increased Energy Efficiency for Residential Water Heaters Cost of Increased Energy Efficiency for Residential Water Heaters Speaker(s): Alex Lekov Date: March 22, 2001 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Julie Osborn This presentation describes the analysis of the costs of increased energy efficiency for residential water heaters. Here, we focus on the cost and efficiency data for electric and gas-fired water heaters. This data formed the basis of the Technical Support Document for the Department of Energy's (DOE) Final Rule on Water Heaters. The engineering analysis uses computer simulation models to investigate the efficiency improvements due to design options and combinations thereof. The analysis covers four polyurethane foam insulation types based on non-ozone-depleting substances as blowing

252

Energy Department Report Finds Major Potential to Increase Clean  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Report Finds Major Potential to Increase Clean Report Finds Major Potential to Increase Clean Hydroelectric Power Energy Department Report Finds Major Potential to Increase Clean Hydroelectric Power April 17, 2012 - 12:39pm Addthis Washington, D.C. -- As part of President Obama's all-out, all-of-the-above energy strategy, the Energy Department today released a renewable energy resource assessment detailing the potential to develop electric power generation at existing dams across the United States that aren't currently equipped to produce power. The report estimates that without building a single new dam, these available hydropower resources, if fully developed, could provide an electrical generating capacity of more than 12 gigawatts (GW), equivalent to roughly 15 percent of current U.S. hydropower capacity. These findings demonstrate one of the ways the nation

253

Department of Energy Finalizes Regulations to Increase Energy Efficiency in  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Department of Energy Finalizes Regulations to Increase Energy Department of Energy Finalizes Regulations to Increase Energy Efficiency in New Federal Buildings by 30% Department of Energy Finalizes Regulations to Increase Energy Efficiency in New Federal Buildings by 30% December 21, 2007 - 4:58pm Addthis WASHINGTON DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced it has established regulations that require new Federal buildings to achieve at least 30% greater energy efficiency over prevailing building codes. Mandated by the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct), these standards apply to new federal commercial and multi-family high-rise residential buildings, as well as new federal low-rise residential buildings designed for construction that began on or after January 3, 2007. These standards are also 40% more efficient than the current Code of Federal Regulations (CFR)

254

Protecting the Electric Grid from Increasingly Severe Weather Due to  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Protecting the Electric Grid from Increasingly Severe Weather Due Protecting the Electric Grid from Increasingly Severe Weather Due to Climate Change Protecting the Electric Grid from Increasingly Severe Weather Due to Climate Change August 12, 2013 - 5:25pm Addthis Transmission lines along Highway 15 outside Victorville, California. | Photo courtesy of Abby Rowling. Transmission lines along Highway 15 outside Victorville, California. | Photo courtesy of Abby Rowling. Patricia A. Hoffman Patricia A. Hoffman Assistant Secretary, Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability Jim Stock Member - White House Council of Economic Advisers EDITOR'S NOTE: This article originally appeared on WhiteHouse.gov. This week marks the tenth anniversary of one of the worst power outages in the United States, during which tens of millions of Americans were affected

255

CO2 Injection in Kansas Oilfield Could Greatly Increase Production,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

in Kansas Oilfield Could Greatly Increase Production, in Kansas Oilfield Could Greatly Increase Production, Permanently Store Carbon Dioxide, DOE Study Says CO2 Injection in Kansas Oilfield Could Greatly Increase Production, Permanently Store Carbon Dioxide, DOE Study Says August 31, 2011 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - The feasibility of using carbon dioxide (CO2) injection for recovering between 250 million and 500 million additional barrels of oil from Kansas oilfields has been established in a study funded by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The University of Kansas Center for Research studied the possibility of near-miscible CO2 flooding for extending the life of mature oilfields in the Arbuckle Formation while simultaneously providing permanent geologic storage of carbon dioxide, a major greenhouse gas.

256

DOE Award Results in Several Patents, Potential Increased Coal Recovery |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE Award Results in Several Patents, Potential Increased Coal DOE Award Results in Several Patents, Potential Increased Coal Recovery DOE Award Results in Several Patents, Potential Increased Coal Recovery February 9, 2009 - 12:00pm Addthis Washington, D.C. -- A $13 million cooperative effort with the Office of Fossil Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) over the past seven years has resulted in the successful demonstration of a novel technology that addresses a problem plaguing coal operators and environmentalists alike: separating fine coal particles from water and their ultimate use as a significant energy resource. Researchers at the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), Blacksburg, Va., have developed and patented an advanced technology called a hyperbaric centrifuge that can successfully remove

257

The Breakthrough Behind a 300% Increase in Photosynthesis Productivity |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Breakthrough Behind a 300% Increase in Photosynthesis The Breakthrough Behind a 300% Increase in Photosynthesis Productivity The Breakthrough Behind a 300% Increase in Photosynthesis Productivity January 31, 2011 - 3:29pm Addthis Sunita Satyapal Program Manager, Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Technology Program What does this mean for me? Could lead to cheaper renewable energy sources. Recently, the Department of Energy hosted Dr. Tasios Melis, the UC Berkeley scientist behind a Department of Energy funded innovation that promises to triple the productivity of photosynthesis in plants and algae. If you remember from high school biology class, photosynthesis is the process used by plants and many other organisms to convert sunlight into chemical energy. A molecule called chlorophyll serves to absorb sunlight for use in photosynthesis. Chlorophyll molecules can be stacked in arrays

258

Texas Uses Phasors to Increase Electricity Reliability | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Uses Phasors to Increase Electricity Reliability Uses Phasors to Increase Electricity Reliability Texas Uses Phasors to Increase Electricity Reliability March 31, 2011 - 12:57pm Addthis Merrill Smith Program Manager, Office of Electricity Delivery & Energy Reliability What does this mean for me? Phasor measurement units are part of a comprehensive approach to managing the variability from renewable sources, particularly wind. This project will enable more effective use of renewable energy sources by helping to illustrate solutions for managing unpredictability and promote reliability on the grid. As any businessperson will tell you, a key to long-term success is the ability to foresee potential problems and limit risk. In the electricity industry this ability can prevent grid events, like unexpected

259

Helping Wisconsin Small Businesses Increase Sustainability | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Helping Wisconsin Small Businesses Increase Sustainability Helping Wisconsin Small Businesses Increase Sustainability Helping Wisconsin Small Businesses Increase Sustainability June 28, 2012 - 3:51pm Addthis The Wisconsin Profitable Sustainability Initiative (PSI), an innovative, customizable and highly-effective program of the Wisconsin Manufacturing Extension Partnership (WMEP), demonstrates the range of economic, social and environmental benefits that can be realized by the state's small and midsize manufacturers through the implementation of sustainable business practices. Kristin Swineford Communication Specialist, Weatherization and Intergovernmental Programs What Does the Future Look Like? Electricity demand from these participants will be reduced by nearly 13 million kilowatt hours. 9,000 tons of solid waste will be diverted from landfills.

260

West Virginia Agency Increases Staff to Meet Weatherization Needs |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Agency Increases Staff to Meet Weatherization Needs Agency Increases Staff to Meet Weatherization Needs West Virginia Agency Increases Staff to Meet Weatherization Needs April 2, 2010 - 11:54am Addthis Joshua DeLung In the river city of Huntington, W.Va., there exists an eclectic brand of people, ranging from college students and businessmen to steel workers and coal miners. The city sits along the banks of the Ohio River. Like other cities, though, unemployment has taken its toll. One 25-year-old resident there, Dan Hardy, has worked his entire life to make life better for others. He became unemployed for about eight months after his plumbing and auto repair jobs disappeared. He didn't have much luck finding a job until the weatherization program at Southwest Community Action Council (SCAC) in Huntington, W.Va., called him for an interview.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "necessitate substantially increased" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Federal Government Increases Renewable Energy Use Over 1000 Percent since  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Federal Government Increases Renewable Energy Use Over 1000 Percent Federal Government Increases Renewable Energy Use Over 1000 Percent since 1999; Exceeds Goal Federal Government Increases Renewable Energy Use Over 1000 Percent since 1999; Exceeds Goal November 3, 2005 - 12:35pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The Department of Energy (DOE) announced today that the federal government has exceeded its goal of obtaining 2.5 percent of its electricity needs from renewable energy sources by September 30, 2005. The largest energy consumer in the nation, the federal government now uses 2375 Gigawatt hours (GWh) of renewable energy -- enough to power 225,000 homes or a city the size of El Paso, Texas, for a year. "Particularly in light of tight oil and gas supplies caused by Hurricanes Katrina and Rita, it is important that all Americans - including the

262

New Technologies that Enhance Environmental Protection, Increase Domestic  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Technologies that Enhance Environmental Protection, Increase New Technologies that Enhance Environmental Protection, Increase Domestic Production, Result from DOE-Supported Consortium New Technologies that Enhance Environmental Protection, Increase Domestic Production, Result from DOE-Supported Consortium September 13, 2011 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - New technologies that help small, independent oil and natural gas operators contribute to domestic energy production while improving environmental protection have resulted from U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) support of the Stripper Well Consortium (SWC). "Stripper wells" are wells that produce less than 10 barrels of oil or 60,000 standard cubic feet of natural gas per day. According to the Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission, more than 375,000 U.S. stripper

263

Increasing Solar Energy Awareness in El Paso | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Increasing Solar Energy Awareness in El Paso Increasing Solar Energy Awareness in El Paso Increasing Solar Energy Awareness in El Paso October 3, 2012 - 2:30pm Addthis Members of the community gathered to celebrate the opening of the Aztec Calendar Pavilion, the first renewable energy education project in El Paso, Texas. | Photo courtesy of the City of El Paso. Members of the community gathered to celebrate the opening of the Aztec Calendar Pavilion, the first renewable energy education project in El Paso, Texas. | Photo courtesy of the City of El Paso. Todd G. Allen Project Officer, Golden Field Office What does this project do? The Aztec Calendar Pavilion provides solar-powered outlets where visitors can charge their electronic devices using clean energy. The pavilion is equipped with interactive displays to help educate

264

Increasing Solar Energy Awareness in El Paso | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Increasing Solar Energy Awareness in El Paso Increasing Solar Energy Awareness in El Paso Increasing Solar Energy Awareness in El Paso October 3, 2012 - 2:30pm Addthis Members of the community gathered to celebrate the opening of the Aztec Calendar Pavilion, the first renewable energy education project in El Paso, Texas. | Photo courtesy of the City of El Paso. Members of the community gathered to celebrate the opening of the Aztec Calendar Pavilion, the first renewable energy education project in El Paso, Texas. | Photo courtesy of the City of El Paso. Todd G. Allen Project Officer, Golden Field Office What does this project do? The Aztec Calendar Pavilion provides solar-powered outlets where visitors can charge their electronic devices using clean energy. The pavilion is equipped with interactive displays to help educate

265

Joint InSynC-INCREASE Workshop 2010  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home Agenda Organizing Committee Workshop Contacts Home Agenda Organizing Committee Workshop Contacts Joint InSynC-INCREASE Workshop July 14-16, 2010 About INCREASE The Interdisciplinary Consortium for Research and Educational Access in Science and Engineering (INCREASE) is an organization to promote research in Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) and other minority-serving institutions (MSIs), involving utilization of national user facilities - in particular, the National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS) at Brookhaven National Laboratory - as well as to facilitate education and research training, especially for members of minority groups: African-Americans, Hispanics, and women. About InSynC The InSynC program enables high school teachers and students to gain remote access to experimenting with synchrotron beamtime through a competitive,

266

Waste Shipment Tracking Technology Lowers Costs, Increases Efficiency |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Shipment Tracking Technology Lowers Costs, Increases Shipment Tracking Technology Lowers Costs, Increases Efficiency Waste Shipment Tracking Technology Lowers Costs, Increases Efficiency February 27, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis This graphic shows how the radiofrequency identification technology tracks and monitors packages in transport, in-transit stops and storage. This graphic shows how the radiofrequency identification technology tracks and monitors packages in transport, in-transit stops and storage. The technology developed by EM’s Office of Packaging and Transportation Packaging Certification Program technology development team was selected by the RFID Journal as the "Most Innovated Use of RFIDs.” Team members pictured here include Dr. John Lee, Dr. Yung Liu, Dr. Jim Shuler, Dr. Hanchung Tsai and John Anderson. Team members not pictured are Brian Craig and Dr. Kun Chen.

267

Reduction of beta* and increase of luminosity at RHIC  

SciTech Connect

The reduction of {beta}* beyond the 1m design value at RHIC has been consistently achieved over the last 6 years of RHIC operations, resulting in an increase of luminosity for different running modes and species. During the recent 2007-08 deuteron-gold run the reduction to 0.70 from the design 1m achieved a 30% increase in delivered luminosity. The key ingredients allowing the reduction have been the capability of efficiently developing ramps with tune and coupling feedback, orbit corrections on the ramp, and collimation, to minimize beam losses in the final focus triplets, the main aperture limitations for the collision optics. We will describe the operational strategy used to reduce the {beta}*, at first squeezing the beam at store, to test feasibility, followed by the operationally preferred option of squeezing the beam during acceleration, and the resulting luminosity increase. We will conclude with future plans for the beta squeeze.

Pilat,F.; Bai, M.; Bruno, D.; Cameron, P.; Della Penna, A.; Drees, A.; Litvinenko, V.; Luo, Y.; Malitsky, N.; Marr, G.; Ptitsyn, V.; Satogata, T.; Tepikian, S.; Trbojevic, D.

2009-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

268

Holographic technology could increase solar efficiency | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Holographic technology could increase solar efficiency Holographic technology could increase solar efficiency Holographic technology could increase solar efficiency October 12, 2010 - 1:00pm Addthis Luminit's co-generation technology could combine photovoltaics (shown in this file photo) and solar thermal energy. | File photo Luminit's co-generation technology could combine photovoltaics (shown in this file photo) and solar thermal energy. | File photo Lorelei Laird Writer, Energy Empowers Co-generation technology could combine photovoltaics and solar thermal Luminit's technology bends and redirects sunlight to produce energy Research funded by Small Business Innovation Research grant There are two major technologies in solar energy: photovoltaics and solar thermal. Most people are more familiar with photovoltaics (PV) - the flat solar

269

Sipping fuel and saving lives: increasing fuel economy withoutsacrificing safety  

SciTech Connect

The public, automakers, and policymakers have long worried about trade-offs between increased fuel economy in motor vehicles and reduced safety. The conclusion of a broad group of experts on safety and fuel economy in the auto sector is that no trade-off is required. There are a wide variety of technologies and approaches available to advance vehicle fuel economy that have no effect on vehicle safety. Conversely, there are many technologies and approaches available to advance vehicle safety that are not detrimental to vehicle fuel economy. Congress is considering new policies to increase the fuel economy of new automobiles in order to reduce oil dependence and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The findings reported here offer reassurance on an important dimension of that work: It is possible to significantly increase the fuel economy of motor vehicles without compromising their safety. Automobiles on the road today demonstrate that higher fuel economy and greater safety can co-exist. Some of the safest vehicles have higher fuel economy, while some of the least safe vehicles driven today--heavy, large trucks and SUVs--have the lowest fuel economy. At an October 3, 2006 workshop, leading researchers from national laboratories, academia, auto manufacturers, insurance research industry, consumer and environmental groups, material supply industries, and the federal government agreed that vehicles could be designed to simultaneously improve safety and fuel economy. The real question is not whether we can realize this goal, but the best path to get there. The experts' studies reveal important new conclusions about fuel economy and safety, including: (1) Vehicle fuel economy can be increased without affecting safety, and vice versa; (2) Reducing the weight and height of the heaviest SUVs and pickup trucks will simultaneously increase both their fuel economy and overall safety; and (3) Advanced materials can decouple size from mass, creating important new possibilities for increasing both fuel economy and safety without compromising functionality.

Gordon, Deborah; Greene, David L.; Ross, Marc H.; Wenzel, Tom P.

2007-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

270

Increasing the Competitiveness of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Increasing the Competitiveness of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises Through the Use of Environmentally Sound Technologies Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Increasing the Competitiveness of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises Through the Use of Environmentally Sound Technologies: : Assessing the Potential for the Development of Second-generation Biofuels in the ESCWA Region Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Biomass Topics: Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis, Technology characterizations Resource Type: Guide/manual, Lessons learned/best practices

271

Method of increasing the sulfation capacity of alkaline earth sorbents  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system and method for increasing the sulfation capacity of alkaline earth carbonates to scrub sulfur dioxide produced during the fluidized bed combustion of coal in which partially sulfated alkaline earth carbonates are hydrated in a fluidized bed to crack the sulfate coating and convert the alkaline earth oxide to the hydroxide. Subsequent dehydration of the sulfate-hydroxide to a sulfate-oxide particle produces particles having larger pore size, increased porosity, decreased grain size and additional sulfation capacity. A continuous process is disclosed.

Shearer, J.A.; Turner, C.B.; Johnson, I.

1980-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

272

Guide for Increasing the Capacity of Induction Motors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In 2002, as a result of re-licensing, nearly 700 MW of U.S. nuclear power capacity was added in 13 uprate programs. Over the past two years, similar re-licensing efforts have resulted in 33 uprates, which have increased nuclear capacity by over 1,700 MW. With this re-licensing and uprating of nuclear power plants, there is seen an accompanying need to increase the output of some of the major auxiliary motors. With the special motors used in nuclear power plants, some of which have flywheels and some of w...

2004-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

273

Method of increasing the sulfation capacity of alkaline earth sorbents  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system and method for increasing the sulfation capacity of alkaline earth carbonates to scrub sulfur dioxide produced during the fluidized bed combustion of coal in which partially sulfated alkaline earth carbonates are hydrated in a fluidized bed to crack the sulfate coating and convert the alkaline earth oxide to the hydroxide. Subsequent dehydration of the sulfate-hydroxide to a sulfate-oxide particle produces particles having larger pore size, increased porosity, decreased grain size and additional sulfation capacity. A continuous process is disclosed.

Shearer, John A. (Chicago, IL); Turner, Clarence B. (Shorewood, IL); Johnson, Irving (Clarendon Hills, IL)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Increasing spectral efficiency by managing adjacent channel interference  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Due to the ever-increasing demands in wireless communications, spectrum seems to be a scarce resource today. Hence, new techniques that deal with the issue of spectrum management have to be developed. In this paper, possibilities to reduce the guard ...

Tobias Renk; Clemens Kloeck; Christian Koerner; Friedrich K. Jondral

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Increasing access to the carbon market ENERGY, CLIMATE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

· workshops; Knowledge and information management;· Research, policy analysis, and market surveil-· lanceIncreasing access to the carbon market ENERGY, CLIMATE AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT 2008 #12;2 World is growing in parallel. With a dynamic carbon market under constant development, the Energy and Carbon Fi

276

Cost increases at fusion project going critical David Kramer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cost increases at fusion project going critical David Kramer Citation: Phys. Today 66(7), 24 (2013 Office to figure out how much the project will cost and what the US will have to pay. During a hearing. Congress can't evaluate the cost without a project baseline." Feinstein said she'd been told by DOE

277

Switching Surge and Lightning Impact on Increasing Power Flow  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the effect of transient overvoltages on increasing the power flow on the electric power transmission system. The report focuses on the effect of system changes on transient recovery voltage (TRV) duties imposed on circuit breakers, and the impact of switching surges, lightning, and sustained overvoltages on transmission line upgrading.

2006-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

278

Extension and Enhancement of Increased Power Flow Guidebook  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project updated existing chapters in the EPRI Increased Power Flow Guidebook, developed a new chapter on economics, and prepared a Power Pointtutorial for the first edition. The first edition of the Guidebook was published by EPRI in 2006. The various components of this report will be combined with the existing guidebook in 2008, making a second edition.

2007-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

279

System for increasing corona inception voltage of insulating oils  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The Corona Inception Voltage of insulating oils is increased by repetitive cycles of prestressing the oil with a voltage greater than the corona inception voltage, and either simultaneously or serially removing byproducts of corona by evacuation and heating the oil. 5 figs.

Rohwein, G.J.

1998-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

280

Diesel prices increase for first time in six weeks  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Diesel prices increase for first time in six weeks The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.83 a gallon on Monday. That's up 1.1 cents from a week ago,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "necessitate substantially increased" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

The Increasing Wave Height in the North Atlantic Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There are indications that the mean significant wave height at Seven Stones Light Vessel has increased in the period 1960–85. This is of considerable interest for the design of offshore structures and for coastal defense. In this note, the ...

E. Bouws; D. Jannink; G. J. Komen

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

RDI forecasts oil price increase impact on electric consumers  

SciTech Connect

According to a publication by Resource Data International, Inc. (RDI), Boulder, Colorado, the current oil price increases will effect electricity consumers nationwide. While the direct use of fuel oil and natural gas as boiler fuels is expected to decline with rising prices, the cost of alternative energy sources including coal, nuclear, and hydro are also expected to rise, RDI said.

Not Available

1990-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

283

Does increasing model stratospheric resolution improve extended range forecast skill?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Does increasing model stratospheric resolution improve extended range forecast skill? Greg Roff,1 forecast skill at high Southern latitudes is explored. Ensemble forecasts are made for two model configurations that differ only in vertical resolution above 100 hPa. An ensemble of twelve 30day forecasts

284

Increasing NOAA's computational capacity to improve global forecast modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Increasing NOAA's computational capacity to improve global forecast modeling A NOAA of the NWS's forecast products, even its regional forecast products, are constrained by the limitations of NOAA's global forecast model. Unfortunately, our global forecasts are less accurate than those from

Hamill, Tom

285

Increasing Energy Efficiency in Data Centers Using Energy Management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data centers provide the global community withan indispensable service: nearly unlimited access to almost any kind of information we can imagine. With the increasing demand of information, the high energy costs has raised the issue of power consumption. ... Keywords: data center, efficiency indicators, energy efficiency, energy management

Iulia Dumitru; Ioana Fagarasan; Sergiu Iliescu; Yanis Hadj Said; Stephane Ploix

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

On the longest increasing subsequence of a circular list  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The longest increasing circular subsequence (LICS) of a list is considered. A Monte Carlo algorithm to compute it is given which has worst case execution time O(n^3^/^2logn) and storage requirement O(n). It is proved that the expected length @m(n) of ... Keywords: Combinatorial problems, Randomized algorithms

M. H. Albert; M. D. Atkinson; Doron Nussbaum; Jörg-Rüdiger Sack; Nicola Santoro

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Assessment of Summer 1997 motor gasoline price increase  

SciTech Connect

Gasoline markets in 1996 and 1997 provided several spectacular examples of petroleum market dynamics. The first occurred in spring 1996, when tight markets, following a long winter of high demand, resulted in rising crude oil prices just when gasoline prices exhibit their normal spring rise ahead of the summer driving season. Rising crude oil prices again pushed gasoline prices up at the end of 1996, but a warm winter and growing supplies weakened world crude oil markets, pushing down crude oil and gasoline prices during spring 1997. The 1996 and 1997 spring markets provided good examples of how crude oil prices can move gasoline prices both up and down, regardless of the state of the gasoline market in the United States. Both of these spring events were covered in prior Energy Information Administration (EIA) reports. As the summer of 1997 was coming to a close, consumers experienced yet another surge in gasoline prices. Unlike the previous increase in spring 1996, crude oil was not a factor. The late summer 1997 price increase was brought about by the supply/demand fundamentals in the gasoline markets, rather than the crude oil markets. The nature of the summer 1997 gasoline price increase raised questions regarding production and imports. Given very strong demand in July and August, the seemingly limited supply response required examination. In addition, the price increase that occurred on the West Coast during late summer exhibited behavior different than the increase east of the Rocky Mountains. Thus, the Petroleum Administration for Defense District (PADD) 5 region needed additional analysis (Appendix A). This report is a study of this late summer gasoline market and some of the important issues surrounding that event.

NONE

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Innovative DOE Technology Demonstrates Potential for Significant Increases  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Innovative DOE Technology Demonstrates Potential for Significant Innovative DOE Technology Demonstrates Potential for Significant Increases in Safe and Responsible Production from Depleted U.S. Oil Fields Innovative DOE Technology Demonstrates Potential for Significant Increases in Safe and Responsible Production from Depleted U.S. Oil Fields April 25, 2012 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy announced today that an innovative technology has successfully improved oil recovery at a 106-year old Illinois field by more than 300 percent. This method of extraction could help pull as many as 130 million additional barrels of oil from the depleted field, which is past peak production using traditional drilling. "The Energy Department is making critical investments in innovations today that are helping the U.S. find and develop every available source of

289

USAID Toolkit for Increasing Energy Access | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » USAID Toolkit for Increasing Energy Access Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: USAID Toolkit for Increasing Energy Access Agency/Company /Organization: United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Partner: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), UNEP, United Nations Foundation Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency, People and Policy Phase: Evaluate Options, Develop Goals, Prepare a Plan, Create Early Successes, Evaluate Effectiveness and Revise as Needed Topics: Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access

290

NETL: News Release - Revolutionary Technology Could Significantly Increase  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

August 15, 2005 August 15, 2005 Revolutionary Technology Could Significantly Increase Heavy Oil Production One-Step Well Completion Method Reduces Costs, Risks WASHINGTON, D.C. - A revolutionary new DOE-funded oil production technology that promises lower costs, reduced environmental and safety risks, and increased production is being commercialized by research partner Completion Concepts Inc., Katy, TX. The announcement follows last year's successful full-scale testing of the new technology, called "Teleperfs." An upcoming "real-world" test of the unit in an Alaska injection well will be conducted later this year. "Teleperf" "Teleperfs" are telescoping devices that are projected into the face of a formation, anchoring a well liner in place and providing entry ports for formation fluids.

291

Increase energy efficiency in systems and buildings and improve indoor  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Increase energy efficiency in systems and buildings and improve indoor Increase energy efficiency in systems and buildings and improve indoor environment: How to validate comfort and energy reduction Speaker(s): Wouter Borsboom Date: December 8, 2009 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 TNO is a research institute which is active in the energy saving and indoor environment. We like to present our research, our goals and discuss the challenges and the opportunities for cooperation. Therefore we like to give a presentation about the following topic and we are also interested in a presentation of LBL and UC Berkeley. An important topic in the building industry is near zero energy buildings. Most countries in Europe implemented programs to advance this goal in one way or another. In near-zero energy buildings, the interaction between building and systems

292

Increasing ask query limit | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Increasing ask query limit Increasing ask query limit Home > Groups > Utility Rate Rmckeel's picture Submitted by Rmckeel(297) Contributor 22 June, 2012 - 09:30 developer utility rate An NREL user who is trying to use the utility rate service was having an issue. He writes "I noticed that any rates past 10,000 are not accessible via json. For example, this query only returns two entries: http://en.openei.org/services/rest/utility_rates?version=latest&format=json_plain&offset=9998&limit=30&detail=basic". Twong mentioned "It looks like there's a default total max limit of 10000 results retrieved, even for special query pages in SemanticMediawiki. $smwgQMaxLimit Maximal number of results ever retrieved, even when using special query pages. Default: 10000"

293

Radioactivities in Solution by Particle Radiation can Increase Sister  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Radioactivities in Solution by Particle Radiation can Increase Sister Radioactivities in Solution by Particle Radiation can Increase Sister Chromatid Exchanges Junko Maeda Colorado State University Abstract Introduction Non-radioactive atoms can become radioactive from a nuclear reaction when atoms are hit by other high energy particles. These radioactivations are observed in nuclear facilities and may result in health effects in humans. Protons, carbon-ions, and iron-ions are tested to verify this hypothesis. Materials and Methods Protons were accelerated to 70MeV in cyclotron (NIRS-930) at National Institute of Radiological Sciences (NIRS). Carbon-ions and iron-ions were accelerated to 290MeV/n and 500MeV/n respectively, in HIMAC (Heavy ion Medical Accelerator in Chiba) at NIRS. 60ml of sterilized Milli-Q ultra pure water or PBS were filled in Falcon T25 flasks and exposed to ionizing

294

Uniform Methods for Determining Energy Efficiency Savings and Increasing  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Uniform Methods for Determining Energy Efficiency Savings and Uniform Methods for Determining Energy Efficiency Savings and Increasing Electric Utility Confidence in Reported Savings Now Available Uniform Methods for Determining Energy Efficiency Savings and Increasing Electric Utility Confidence in Reported Savings Now Available May 23, 2013 - 4:01pm Addthis The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has published protocols for estimating energy savings for residential and commercial energy efficiency programs and measures through the recently released "The Uniform Methods Project: Methods for Determining Energy Efficiency Savings for Specific Measures." Funded by the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability and the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, the developed protocols provide a straightforward method for evaluating gross

295

VOYAGER 2 OBSERVES A LARGE DENSITY INCREASE IN THE HELIOSHEATH  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Voyager 2 (V2) entered the heliosheath in 2007 August at roughly the same time solar minimum conditions were reaching the outer heliosphere. Soon after crossing the termination shock the solar wind density at Voyager decreased by a factor of two and the temperature decreased by a factor of three. At the beginning of 2011 the plasma density in the heliosheath began to increase and in mid-2012 it was up by more than a factor of two. The temperature rose by about 50% and the speed remained constant, although the flow direction continues to turn tailward. These changes may signal the end of solar minimum conditions at V2 in the heliosheath, although we do not understand why the speed did not decrease. The increased dynamic pressure has lead to an outward movement of the termination shock from its very compressed state at solar minimum.

Richardson, J. D. [Kavli Center for Astrophysics and Space Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States); Wang, C., E-mail: jdr@space.mit.edu, E-mail: cw@spaceweather.ac.cn [State Key Laboratory for Space Weather, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing (China)

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Increasing coverage to improve detection of network and host anomalies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For intrusion detection, the LERAD algorithm learns a succinct set of comprehensible rules for detecting anomalies, which could be novel attacks. LERAD validates the learned rules on a separate held-out validation set and removes rules that cause false alarms. However, removing rules with possible high coverage can lead to missed detections. We propose three techniques for increasing coverage- Weighting, Replacement and Hybrid. Weighting retains previously pruned rules and associate weights to them. Replacement, on the other hand, substitutes pruned rules with other candidate rules to ensure high coverage. We also present a Hybrid approach that selects between the two techniques based on training data coverage. Empirical results from seven data sets indicate that, for LERAD, increasing coverage by Weighting, Replacement and Hybrid detects more attacks than Pruning with minimal computational overhead.

Gaurav Tandon; Philip K. Chan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Innovative DOE Technology Demonstrates Potential for Significant Increases  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Innovative DOE Technology Demonstrates Potential for Significant Innovative DOE Technology Demonstrates Potential for Significant Increases in Safe and Responsible Production from Depleted U.S. Oil Fields Innovative DOE Technology Demonstrates Potential for Significant Increases in Safe and Responsible Production from Depleted U.S. Oil Fields April 25, 2012 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy announced today that an innovative technology has successfully improved oil recovery at a 106-year old Illinois field by more than 300 percent. This method of extraction could help pull as many as 130 million additional barrels of oil from the depleted field, which is past peak production using traditional drilling. "The Energy Department is making critical investments in innovations today that are helping the U.S. find and develop every available source of

298

Performance of Transmission Line Components at Increasing Operating Temperatures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In today's competitive and regulatory environment, utilities are required to maximize power transfer over existing right-of-ways (ROWs). Rather than investing in the expense of upgrading to larger conductors, most utilities are pursuing the lower capital-expense (cost) option of increasing thermal operating limits and pushing more current through existing conductors and associated hardware. As a result, conductors and associated hardware and attachments may be subjected to higher temperatures more freque...

2003-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

299

System Operational and Planning Impacts of Increased Generator Cycling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This update describes research performed in 2012 to contextualize some of the key issues related to generator cycling with high wind and photovoltaic (PV) penetrations. Using representative system data from California, cycling with increasing wind and PV generation is examined. Sensitivities on the value of various generator-specific (turndown levels, hot start operation, outage rate, etc.) and system-specific (PV/wind mix, penetration of wind, etc.) characteristics are used to identify those ...

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

300

Collaboration software to reduce inventory and increase response  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Some recent trends in business and manufacturing hold the promise of greater profits, yet, due to profit-robbing inventory increases, this promise has not been fully realized. [9] The major trends influencing this are:.Globally and organizationally ... Keywords: 6EJB, J2EE, JSP, Java, XML, business intelligence, demand chain, enterprise application software, internet, intranet, supply chain, value chain, web-based software

Indu Bingham; Barbara Hoefle; Kim Phan; Jim Sizemore; Arthur M. Keller

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "necessitate substantially increased" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

System-wide emissions implications of increased wind power penetration.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper discusses the environmental effects of incorporating wind energy into the electric power system. We present a detailed emissions analysis based on comprehensive modeling of power system operations with unit commitment and economic dispatch for different wind penetration levels. First, by minimizing cost, the unit commitment model decides which thermal power plants will be utilized based on a wind power forecast, and then, the economic dispatch model dictates the level of production for each unit as a function of the realized wind power generation. Finally, knowing the power production from each power plant, the emissions are calculated. The emissions model incorporates the effects of both cycling and start-ups of thermal power plants in analyzing emissions from an electric power system with increasing levels of wind power. Our results for the power system in the state of Illinois show significant emissions effects from increased cycling and particularly start-ups of thermal power plants. However, we conclude that as the wind power penetration increases, pollutant emissions decrease overall due to the replacement of fossil fuels.

Valentino, L.; Valenzuela, V.; Botterud, A.; Zhou, Z.; Conzelmann, G. (Decision and Information Sciences); (Univ. of Illinois, Champaign/Urbana); (Georgia Institute of Technology)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Laser cooling of a trapped particle with increased Rabi frequencies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper analyzes the cooling of a single particle in a harmonic trap with red-detuned laser light with fewer approximations than previously done in the literature. We avoid the adiabatic elimination of the excited atomic state but are still interested in Lamb-Dicke parameters {eta}cooling laser can be chosen higher than previously assumed, thereby increasing the effective cooling rate but not affecting the final outcome of the cooling process. Since laser cooling is already a well-established experimental technique, the main aim of this paper is to present a model which can be extended to more complex scenarios, like cavity-mediated laser cooling.

Blake, Tony; Kurcz, Andreas; Saleem, Norah S.; Beige, Almut [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT (United Kingdom)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

303

Mutant E. coli strain with increased succinic acid production  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for isolating succinic acid producing bacteria is provided comprising increasing the biomass of an organism which lacks the ability to catabolize pyruvate, and then subjecting the biomass to glucose-rich medium in an anaerobic environment to enable pyruvate-catabolizing mutants to grow. The invention also provides for a mutant that produces high amounts of succinic acid, which as been derived from a parent which lacked the genes for pyruvate formate lyase and lactate dehydrogenase, and which belongs to the E.coli Group of Bacteria.

Donnelly, Mark (Warrenville, IL); Millard, Cynthia S. (Plainfield, IL); Stols, Lucy (Woodridge, IL)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Mutant E. coli strain with increased succinic acid production  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for isolating succinic acid producing bacteria is provided comprising increasing the biomass of an organism which lacks the ability to catabolize pyruvate, and then subjecting the biomass to glucose-rich medium in an anaerobic environment to enable pyruvate-catabolizing mutants to grow. The invention also provides for a mutant that produces high amounts of succinic acid, which has been derived from a parent which lacked the genes for pyruvate formate lyase and lactate dehydrogenase, and which belongs to the E.coli Group of Bacteria.

Donnelly, Mark (Warrenville, IL); Millard, Cynthia S. (Plainfield, IL); Stols, Lucy (Woodridge, IL)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Environmental implications of increased biomass energy use. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study reviews the environmental implications of continued and increased use of biomass for energy to determine what concerns have been and need to be addressed and to establish some guidelines for developing future resources and technologies. Although renewable biomass energy is perceived as environmentally desirable compared with fossil fuels, the environmental impact of increased biomass use needs to be identified and recognized. Industries and utilities evaluating the potential to convert biomass to heat, electricity, and transportation fuels must consider whether the resource is reliable and abundant, and whether biomass production and conversion is environmentally preferred. A broad range of studies and events in the United States were reviewed to assess the inventory of forest, agricultural, and urban biomass fuels; characterize biomass fuel types, their occurrence, and their suitability; describe regulatory and environmental effects on the availability and use of biomass for energy; and identify areas for further study. The following sections address resource, environmental, and policy needs. Several specific actions are recommended for utilities, nonutility power generators, and public agencies.

Miles, T.R. Sr.; Miles, T.R. Jr. [Miles (Thomas R.), Portland, OR (United States)

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Impact of increased electric vehicle use on battery recycling infrastructure  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

State and Federal regulations have been implemented that are intended to encourage more widespread use of low-emission vehicles. These regulations include requirements of the California Air Resources Board (CARB) and regulations pursuant to the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 and the Energy Policy Act. If the market share of electric vehicles increases in response to these initiatives, corresponding growth will occur in quantities of spent electric vehicle batteries for disposal. Electric vehicle battery recycling infrastructure must be adequate to support collection, transportation, recovery, and disposal stages of waste battery handling. For some battery types, such as lead-acid, a recycling infrastructure is well established; for others, little exists. This paper examines implications of increasing electric vehicle use for lead recovery infrastructure. Secondary lead recovery facilities can be expected to have adequate capacity to accommodate lead-acid electric vehicle battery recycling. However, they face stringent environmental constraints that may curtail capacity use or new capacity installation. Advanced technologies help address these environmental constraints. For example, this paper describes using backup power to avoid air emissions that could occur if electric utility power outages disable emissions control equipment. This approach has been implemented by GNB Technologies, a major manufacturer and recycler of lead-acid batteries. Secondary lead recovery facilities appear to have adequate capacity to accommodate lead waste from electric vehicles, but growth in that capacity could be constrained by environmental regulations. Advances in lead recovery technologies may alleviate possible environmental constraints on capacity growth.

Vimmerstedt, L.; Hammel, C. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Jungst, R. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

The asymptotics of a solution of a parabolic equation as time increases without bound  

SciTech Connect

A boundary-value problem for a second order parabolic equation on a half-line is considered. A uniform asymptotic approximation to a solution to within any power of t{sup -1} is constructed and substantiated. Bibliography: 8 titles.

Degtyarev, Denis O; Il'in, Arlen M

2012-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

308

Increasing Access to Materials Critical to the Clean Energy Economy |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Access to Materials Critical to the Clean Energy Economy Access to Materials Critical to the Clean Energy Economy Increasing Access to Materials Critical to the Clean Energy Economy January 9, 2013 - 12:30pm Addthis Europium, a rare earth element that has the same relative hardness of lead, is used to create fluorescent lightbulbs. With no proven substitutes, europium is considered critical to the clean energy economy. | Photo courtesy of the Ames Laboratory. Europium, a rare earth element that has the same relative hardness of lead, is used to create fluorescent lightbulbs. With no proven substitutes, europium is considered critical to the clean energy economy. | Photo courtesy of the Ames Laboratory. Rebecca Matulka Rebecca Matulka Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Who will be partners?

309

ECONOMIC BENEFITS OF INCREASING ELECTRIC GRID RESILIENCE TO  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ECONOMIC BENEFITS OF ECONOMIC BENEFITS OF INCREASING ELECTRIC GRID RESILIENCE TO WEATHER OUTAGES Executive Office of the President August 2013 2 This report was prepared by the President's Council of Economic Advisers and the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, with assistance from the White House Office of Science and Technology 3 Executive Summary Severe weather is the leading cause of power outages in the United States. Between 2003 and 2012, an estimated 679 widespread power outages occurred due to severe weather. Power outages close schools, shut down businesses and impede emergency services, costing the economy billions of dollars and disrupting the lives of millions of Americans. The resilience of

310

No increase in background, manmade radioactivity for Los Alamos area  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

March » March » Man-Made Radioactivity For Los Alamos area No increase in background, manmade radioactivity for Los Alamos area Two aerial flyovers found that radioisotopes and their associated exposure rates are consistent with those expected from normal background radiation. March 19, 2013 High southwest aerial view of Los Alamos National Laboratory (left) and Los Alamos townsite (middle and right). High southwest aerial view of Los Alamos National Laboratory (left) and Los Alamos townsite (middle and right). The results are good news and the information will benefit the Lab and the community for years to come as we work toward cleanup and sustainability. Two aerial flyovers of the Los Alamos area to determine the presence of background and manmade radioactivity found that radioisotopes and their

311

Value of Storage with Increased Penetration of Renewable Generation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of Storage with of Storage with Increased Renewable Penetration Presenter: Jim Brainard Jesse Roach Sandia National Laboratories Energy Infrastructure and DER John Boyes (Manager) Sandia National Laboratories is a multi-program laboratory managed and operated by Sandia Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. Funded in part by the Energy Storage Systems Program of the U.S. Department Of Energy through Sandia National Laboratories Problem Statement  Renewable energy portfolio standards - High penetration of intermittent and variable renewable generation on the grid - Utilities constrained by NERC Control Performance Standards - Requires additional resources to match

312

Methods of increasing secretion of polypeptides having biological activity  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to methods for producing a secreted polypeptide having biological activity, comprising: (a) transforming a fungal host cell with a fusion protein construct encoding a fusion protein, which comprises: (i) a first polynucleotide encoding a signal peptide; (ii) a second polynucleotide encoding at least a catalytic domain of an endoglucanase or a portion thereof; and (iii) a third polynucleotide encoding at least a catalytic domain of a polypeptide having biological activity; wherein the signal peptide and at least the catalytic domain of the endoglucanase increases secretion of the polypeptide having biological activity compared to the absence of at least the catalytic domain of the endoglucanase; (b) cultivating the transformed fungal host cell under conditions suitable for production of the fusion protein; and (c) recovering the fusion protein, a component thereof, or a combination thereof, having biological activity, from the cultivation medium.

Merino, Sandra

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

360 Degree Photography to Decrease Exposure, Increase Safety & Minimize Waste  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High-resolution digital cameras, in conjunction with software techniques. make possible 360{sup o} photos that allow a person to look all around, up and dawn, and zoom in or out. The software provides the opportunity to attach other information to a 360{sup o} photo such as sound tiles, flat photos (providing additional detail about what is behind a panel or around a corner) and text (Information which can be used to show radiological conditions or identify other hazards not readily visible). The software also allows other 360{sup o} photos to be attached creating a virtual tour where the user can move from area to area, and stop, study and zoom in on areas of interest. A virtual tour of a building or room can be used for facility documentation, informing management and others, work planning and orientation, and training, thus minimizing the need to re-enter hazardous radioactive areas. Reducing entries decreases exposure, increases safety and minimizes waste.

LEBARON, G.J.

2002-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

314

The increased efficiency of fish swimming in a school  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There is increasing evidence that fish gain energetic benefits when they swim in a school. The most recent indications of such benefits are a lower tail (or fin) beat at the back of a school and reduced oxygen consumption in schooling fish versus solitary ones. How such advantages may arise is poorly understood. Current hydrodynamic theories concern either fish swimming side by side or in a diamond configuration and they largely ignore effects of viscosity and interactions among wakes and individuals. In reality, however, hydrodynamic effects are complex and fish swim in many configurations. Since these hydrodynamic effects are difficult to study empirically, we investigate them in a computer model by incorporating viscosity and interactions among wakes and with individuals. We compare swimming efficiency of mullets of 12.6 cm travelling solitarily and in schools of four different configurations at several inter-individual distances. The resulting Reynolds number (based on fish length) is approximately 1150. ...

Hemelrijk, C K; Hildenbrandt, H; Padding, J T

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Methods for increasing the production of ethanol from microbial fermentation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A stable continuous method for producing ethanol from the anaerobic bacterial fermentation of a gaseous substrate containing at least one reducing gas involves culturing a fermentation bioreactor anaerobic, acetogenic bacteria in a liquid nutrient medium; supplying the gaseous substrate to the bioreactor; and manipulating the bacteria in the bioreactor by reducing the redox potential, or increasing the NAD(P)H TO NAD(P) ratio, in the fermentation broth after the bacteria achieves a steady state and stable cell concentration in the bioreactor. The free acetic acid concentration in the bioreactor is maintained at less than 5 g/L free acid. This method allows ethanol to be produced in the fermentation broth in the bioreactor at a productivity greater than 10 g/L per day. Both ethanol and acetate are produced in a ratio of ethanol to acetate ranging from 1:1 to 20:1.

Gaddy, James L. (Fayetteville, AR); Arora, Dinesh K. (Fayetteville, AR); Ko, Ching-Whan (Fayetteville, AR); Phillips, John Randall (Fayetteville, AR); Basu, Rahul (Bethlehem, PA); Wikstrom, Carl V. (Fayetteville, AR); Clausen, Edgar C. (Fayetteville, AR)

2007-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

316

Increasing TRUPACT-II wattage limits: two technical approaches  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

More than one-third of the drums in DOE`s TRU waste inventory cannot be presently shipped to WIPP in the TRUPACT-11 because they exceed the allowed limit of heat generation by virtue of radioactive decay. This limit was imposed to ensure that the amount of hydrogen generated by radiolysis does not achieve the lower explosive limit of hydrogen in air (5 percent v/v). Los Alamos is working to justify increasing these wattage limits: (1) by demonstrating that the phenomenon of matrix depletion greatly reduces the potential for hydrogen generation and (2) by investigating the use hydrogen getters to actively remove hydrogen from the headspace of the waste drums and/or the TRUPACT-11.

Mroz, E.J.; Leibman, C.; Kosiewicz, S.

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

LNG imports make strong recovery in 1996; exports increase also  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

LNG imports to the US jumped in 1996 as Algerian base-load plants resumed operations following major revamps. Exports from Alaska to Japan grew by nearly 4% over 1995. Total LNG imports to the US in 1996 were 40.27 bcf compared to 17.92 bcf in 1995, an increase of 124.8%. Algeria supplied 35.32 bcf; Abu Dhabi, 4.95 bcf. About 82.3% of the imported LNG was received at Distrigas Corp.`s terminal north of Boston. The remaining LNG was received at the Pan National terminal in Lake Charles, LA. LNG imports during 1995 fell to such a low level not because of depressed US demand but because of limited supply. The paper discusses LNG-receiving terminals, base-load producers, LNG pricing, and exports.

Swain, E.J. [Swain (Edward J.), Houston, TX (United States)

1998-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

318

The use of filtered bags to increase waste payload capacity  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

For the past few years, the Department of Energy has favored the direct disposal of low plutonium content residue materials from Rocky Flats rather than engage in expensive and time consuming plutonium recovery operations. One impediment to direct disposal has been the wattage limit imposed by the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant on hydrogenous materials such as combustibles and sludges. The issue of concern is the radiolytic generation and accumulation of hydrogen and other explosive gases in waste containers. The wattage limits that existed through 1996 restricted the amount of plutonium bearing hydrogenous materials that could be packaged in a WIPP bound waste drum to only a fraction of the capacity of a drum. Typically, only about one kilogram of combustible residue could be packaged in a waste drum before the wattage limit was exceeded resulting in an excessively large number of drums to be procured, stored, shipped, and interred. The Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site has initiated the use of filtered plastic bags (called bag-out bags) used to remove transuranic waste materials from glove box lines. The bags contain small, disk like HEPA filters which are effective in containing radioactively contaminated particulate material but allow for the diffusion of hydrogen gas. Used in conjunction with filtered 55 gallon drums, filtered bag-out bags were pursued as a means to increase the allowable wattage limits for selected residue materials. In February 1997, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission approved the use of filtered bag-out bags for transuranic waste materials destined for WIPP. The concomitant increase in wattage limits now allows for approximately four times the payload per waste drum for wattage limited materials.

Dustin, D.F.; Thorp, D.T. [Safe Sites of Colorado, Golden, CO (United States); Rivera, M.A. [Los Alamos Technical Associates, Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1998-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

319

Increasing Confidence In Geothermal Heat Pump Design Methods  

SciTech Connect

Sizing the ground heat exchanger is one of the most important tasks in the design of a geothermal heat pump (GHP) system. Undersizing the heat exchanger can result in poor operating efficiency, reduced comfort, and nuisance heat pump lockouts on safety controls, while an oversized heat exchanger increases the installation cost of the system. The cost of ground loop installation may mean the difference between a feasible and an unfeasible project. Thus there are strong incentives to select heat exchanger lengths which allow satisfactory performance under all operating conditions within a feasible project budget. Sizing a ground heat exchanger is not a simple calculation. In the first place, there is usually some uncertainty in the peak block and annual space conditioning loads for the building to be served by the GHPs. The thermal properties of the soil formation may be unknown as well. Drilling logs and core samples can identify the soil type, but handbook values for the thermal properties of soils vary widely. Properly-done short-term on-site tests and data analysis to obtain thermal properties provide more accurate information, but since these tests are expensive they are usually only feasible in large projects. Given the uncertainties inherent in the process, if designers were truly working 'close to the edge' - selecting the absolute minimum heat exchanger length required to meet the predicted loads - one would expect to see more examples of undersized heat exchangers. Indeed there have been a few. However, over the past twenty years GHPs have been installed and successfully operated at thousands of locations all over the world. Conversations with customers and facility managers reveal a high degree of satisfaction with the technology, but studies of projects reveal far more cases of generously sized ground heat exchangers than undersized ones. This indicates that the uncertainties in space conditioning loads and soil properties are covered by a factor of safety. These conservative designs increase the installed cost of GHP systems, limiting their use and applicability. Moreover, as ground heat exchanger sizing methods have improved, they have suggested (and field tests are beginning to verify) that standard bore backfill practices lead to unnecessarily large ground heat exchangers. Growing evidence suggests that in many applications use of sand backfill with a grout plug at the surface, or use of bottom-to-top thermally enhanced grout, may provide groundwater protection equal to current practice at far less cost. Site tests of thermal properties provides more accurate information, but since these tests are expensive they are usually only performed in large projects. Even so, because soil properties can vary over a distance as small as a few feet, the value of these tests is limited. One objective of ongoing research at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is to increase designers confidence in available ground heat exchanger sizing methods that lead to reliable yet cost-effective designs. To this end we have developed research-grade models that address the interactions between buildings, geothermal heat pump systems and ground heat exchangers The first application of these models was at Fort Polk, Louisiana, where the space conditioning systems of over 4,000 homes were replaced with geothermal heat pumps (Shonder and Hughes, 1997; Hughes et. al., 1997). At Fort Polk, the models were calibrated to detailed data from one of the residences. Data on the energy use of the heat pump, combined with inlet and outlet water temperature and flow rate in the ground heat exchangers, allowed us to determine the thermal properties of the soil formation being experienced by the operating GHP system. Outputs from the models provide all the data required by the various commercially-available ground loop sizing programs. Accurate knowledge of both the building loads and the soil properties eliminated the uncertainty normally associated with the design process, and allowed us to compare the predictions of the commercially-available

Shonder, John A [ORNL; Hughes, Patrick [ORNL

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

ORIGINAL INVESTIGATION Increased cortical inhibition deficits in first-episode  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

# The Author(s) 2009. This article is published with open access at Springerlink.com Rationale/objectives There is a high prevalence of substance use disorder (SUD) in first-episode schizophrenia (SZ), but its contribution to the underlying SZ pathophysiology remains unclear. Several studies using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) have observed abnormalities in human motor cortex (M1) excitability in SZ. Studies on cortical excitability comparing SZ patients with and without comorbid substance abuse are lacking. Methods A total of 29 first-episode SZ patients participated in this study; 12 had a history of comorbid cannabis abuse (SZ-SUD) and 17 did not (SZ-NSUD). We applied TMS to right and left M1 areas to assess the resting motor threshold (RMT), short-interval cortical inhibition (SICI), intracortical facilitation (ICF), and the contralateral cortical silent period (CSP). Results In SICI and ICF conditions, right M1 stimulation led to significantly higher motor evoked potential ratios in SZ-SUD compared to SZ-NSUD. This suggests lower cortical inhibition and increased ICF in first-episode SZ T. Wobrock and A. Hasan contributed equally.

N. Lang; U. K. H. Ecker

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "necessitate substantially increased" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Optimizing Development Strategies to Increase Reserves in Unconventional Gas Reservoirs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ever increasing energy demand brings about widespread interest to rapidly, profitably and efficiently develop unconventional resources, among which tight gas sands hold a significant portion. However, optimization of development strategies in tight gas fields is challenging, not only because of the wide range of depositional environments and large variability in reservoir properties, but also because the evaluation often has to deal with a multitude of wells, limited reservoir information, and time and budget constraints. Unfortunately, classical full-scale reservoir evaluation cannot be routinely employed by small- to medium-sized operators, given its timeconsuming and expensive nature. In addition, the full-scale evaluation is generally built on deterministic principles and produces a single realization of the reservoir, despite the significant uncertainty faced by operators. This work addresses the need for rapid and cost-efficient technologies to help operators determine optimal well spacing in highly uncertain and risky unconventional gas reservoirs. To achieve the research objectives, an integrated reservoir and decision modeling tool that fully incorporates uncertainty was developed. Monte Carlo simulation was used with a fast, approximate reservoir simulation model to match and predict production performance in unconventional gas reservoirs. Simulation results were then fit with decline curves to enable direct integration of the reservoir model into a Bayesian decision model. These integrated tools were applied to the tight gas assets of Unconventional Gas Resources Inc. in the Berland River area, Alberta, Canada.

Turkarslan, Gulcan

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Increased efficiency of topping cycle PCFB power plants  

SciTech Connect

Pressurized circulating fluidized bed (PCFB) power plants offer the power industry significantly increased efficiencies with reduced costs of electricity and lower emissions. When topping combustion is incorporated in the plant, these advantages are enhanced. In the plant, coal is fed to a pressurized carbonizer that produces a low-Btu fuel gas and char. After passing through a cyclone and ceramic barrier filter to remove gas-entrained particulates and a packed bed of emathelite pellets to remove alkali vapors. the fuel gas is burned in a topping combustor to produce the energy required to drive a gas turbine. The gas turbine drives a generator combustor, and a fluidized bed heat exchanger (FBHE). The carbonizer char is burned in the PCFB and the exhaust gas passes through its own cyclone, ceramic barrier filter, and alkali getter and supports combustion of the fuel gas in the topping combustor. Steam generated in a heat-recovery steam generator (HRSG) downstream of the gas turbine and in the FBHE associated with the PCFB drives the steam turbine generator that furnishes the balance of electric power delivered by the plant.

Robertson, A.; Domeracki, W.; Horazak, D. [and others

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Using Plate Heat Exchangers to Increase Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

"In recent years, there has been an increasing awareness of Plate Heat Exchangers (PHE's) in industrial processes around the world. While PHE's have historically been classified as compact heat exchangers, compactness is often a secondary advantage that makes them well suited for retrofit applications in process plants that are often space limited. The primary advantage of PHE's are their high efficiency, flexibility, and reliability. Because of their efficiency, PHE's are being used in more applications where shell and tube heat exchangers were historically used. The high efficiency of the PHE offers the greatest benefits to the process industries. The countercurrent flow configuration, high heat transfer coefficients, and low fouling tendencies result in a heat exchanger that is extremely economical and efficient, especially in energy recovery applications where low LMTD's are common. This paper will review PHE design and construction and show how PHE's can be used to recover energy in many industrial processes. An economical analysis will be included to show the competitiveness of PHE's in energy recovery applications. The paper will review the advantages, benefits, and limitations of PHE's. Recent advances in PHE technology will also be discussed. "

Bailey, K.

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Norepinephrine metabolism in neuronal cultures is increased by angiotensin II  

SciTech Connect

In this study the authors have examined the actions of angiotensin II (ANG II) on catecholamine metabolism in neuronal brain cell cultures prepared from the hypothalamus and brain stem. Neuronal cultures prepared from the brains of 1-day-old Sprague-Dawley rats exhibit specific neuronal uptake mechanisms for both norepinephrine (NE) and dopamine (DA), and also monoamine oxidase (MAO) and catechol O-methyltransferase (COMT) activity. Separate neuronal uptake sites for NE and DA were identified by using specific neuronal uptake inhibitors for each amine. In previous studies, they determined that ANG II (10 nM-1 ..mu..M) stimulates increased neuronal (/sup 3/H)NE uptake by acting as specific receptors. They have confirmed these results here and in addition have shown that ANG II has not significant effects on neuronal (/sup 3/H)DA uptake. These results suggest that the actions of ANG II are restricted to the NE transporter in neuronal cultures. It is possible that ANG II stimulates the intraneuronal metabolism of at least part of the NE that is taken up, because the peptide stimulates MAO activity, an effect mediated by specific ANG II receptors. ANG II had no effect on COMT activity in neuronal cultures. Therefore, the use of neuronal cultures of hypothalamus and brain stem they have determined that ANG II can specifically alter NE metabolism in these areas, while apparently not altering DA metabolism.

Sumners, C.; Shalit, S.L.; Kalberg, C.J.; Raizada, M.K.

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Increased Hydrogen Production by Genetic Engineering of Escherichia coli  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Escherichia coli is capable of producing hydrogen under anaerobic growth conditions. Formate is converted to hydrogen in the fermenting cell by the formate hydrogenlyase enzyme system. The specific hydrogen yield from glucose was improved by the modification of transcriptional regulators and metabolic enzymes involved in the dissimilation of pyruvate and formate. The engineered E. coli strains ZF1 (DfocA; disrupted in a formate transporter gene) and ZF3 (DnarL; disrupted in a global transcriptional regulator gene) produced 14.9, and 14.4 mmols of hydrogen/mg of dry cell weight, respectively, compared to 9.8 mmols of hydrogen/mg of dry cell weight generated by wild-type E. coli strain W3110. The molar yield of hydrogen for strain ZF3 was 0.96 mols of hydrogen/mol of glucose, compared to 0.54 mols of hydrogen/mol of glucose for the wild-type E. coli strain. The expression of the global transcriptional regulator protein FNR at levels above natural abundance had a synergistic effect on increasing the hydrogen yield in the DfocA genetic background. The modification of global transcriptional regulators to modulate the expression of multiple operons required for the biosynthesis of formate

Zhanmin Fan; Ling Yuan; Ranjini Chatterjee

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Increasing transcurium production efficiency through direct resonance shielding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Radiochemical Engineering Development Center at Oak Ridge National Laboratory is the world s leader in production of 252Cf. This and other heavy actinides are produced by irradiation of mixed curium/americium targets in the High Flux Isotope Reactor. Due to the strong dependence of isotopic cross sections upon incoming neutron energy, the efficiency with which an isotope is transmuted is highly dependent upon the neutron flux energy spectrum and intensities. There are certain energy ranges in which the rate of fissions in feedstock materials can be minimized relative to the rate of (n, ) absorptions. It is shown that by perturbing the flux spectrum, it is possible to alter the net consumption of curium feedstock, as well as the yields of key isotopes for the heavy element research program, such as 249Bk and 252Cf. This flux spectrum perturbation is accomplished by means of focused resonance shielding through the use of filter materials. It is further shown that these perturbations can alter the target yields in a significant way, increasing the amount of 252Cf produced per unit curium consumption by over 40%.

Hogle, Susan L [ORNL; Maldonado, G Ivan [ORNL; Alexander, Charles W [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Output-increasing, protective cover for a solar cell  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A flexible cover (14) for a flexible solar cell (12) protects the cell from the ambient and increases the cell's efficiency. The cell(12)includes silicon spheres (16) held in a flexible aluminum sheet matrix (20,22). The cover (14) is a flexible, protective layer (60) of light-transparent material having a relatively flat upper, free surface (64) and an irregular opposed surface (66). The irregular surface (66) includes first portions (68) which conform to the polar regions (31R) of the spheres (16) and second convex (72) or concave (90) portions (72 or 90) which define spaces (78) in conjunction with the reflective surface (20T) of one aluminum sheet (20). Without the cover (14) light (50) falling on the surface (20T) between the spheres (16) is wasted, that is, it does not fall on a sphere (16). The surfaces of the second portions are non-parallel to the direction of the otherwise wasted light (50), which fact, together with a selected relationship between the refractive indices of the cover and the spaces, result in sufficient diffraction of the otherwise wasted light (50) so that about 25% of it is reflected from the surface (20T) onto a sphere (16).

Hammerbacher, Milfred D. (Dallas, TX)

1995-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

328

Advanced Wear-resistant Nanocomposites for Increased Energy Efficiency  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report summarizes the work performed by an Ames-led project team under a 4-year DOE-ITP sponsored project titled, 'Advanced Wear-resistant Nanocomposites for Increased Energy Efficiency.' The Report serves as the project deliverable for the CPS agreement number 15015. The purpose of this project was to develop and commercialize a family of lightweight, bulk composite materials that are highly resistant to degradation by erosive and abrasive wear. These materials, based on AlMgB{sub 14}, are projected to save over 30 TBtu of energy per year when fully implemented in industrial applications, with the associated environmental benefits of eliminating the burning of 1.5 M tons/yr of coal and averting the release of 4.2 M tons/yr of CO{sub 2} into the air. This program targeted applications in the mining, drilling, machining, and dry erosion applications as key platforms for initial commercialization, which includes some of the most severe wear conditions in industry. Production-scale manufacturing of this technology has begun through a start-up company, NewTech Ceramics (NTC). This project included providing technical support to NTC in order to facilitate cost-effective mass production of the wear-resistant boride components. Resolution of issues related to processing scale-up, reduction in energy intensity during processing, and improving the quality and performance of the composites, without adding to the cost of processing were among the primary technical focus areas of this program. Compositional refinements were also investigated in order to achieve the maximum wear resistance. In addition, synthesis of large-scale, single-phase AlMgB{sub 14} powder was conducted for use as PVD sputtering targets for nanocoating applications.

Cook, B. A.; Harringa, J. L.; Russel, A. M.

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

DOE announces price increase for fiscal year 1990  

SciTech Connect

The central question for current USEC holders is the extent to which DOE`s prices will increase in the future and whether those prices will be competitive with other sources available at the time of delivery. DOE`s current point of view (as expressed to the US Congress) is that prices will be kept at the ceiling price under the contract. Speculation on the future of DOE`s enrichment enterprise is on the agenda of many utilities this month, as USEC customers must provide notice to DOE on April 1, 1989 if they wish to reduce their contractual commitment in FY 1999 to below 70 percent of their requirements without penalty. The USEC also allows customers to adjust between 70 and 100 percent of their requirements with five years` notice. Based on projected prices for deliveries under the IP2 offer, customers which previously rejected IP2 will probably elect to take only 70 percent of their requirements from DOE in FY 1994. If firm notification is not given for the base SWU requirements, a USEC holder is not rules out as a DOE customer for that year, but DOE cannot guarantee to have the production capacity available. On the other hand, DOE has very aggressively pursued utilities with unfilled requirements in the short term. Given the expected glut of enrichment capacity well into the next decade, the potential for higher DOE prices due to environmental and decommissioning costs at their diffusion plants, and the potential for other suppliers to provide advanced technology, it may prove difficult for DOE to continue to convince its customers that ten-year contracts are in their best interests.

NONE

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Aerosol optical depth increase in partly cloudy conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Remote sensing observations of aerosol from surface and satellite instruments are extensively used for atmospheric and climate research. From passive sensors, the apparent cloud-free atmosphere in the vicinity of clouds often appears to be brighter then further away from the clouds, leading to an enhancement in the retrieved aerosol optical depth. Mechanisms contributing to this enhancement, including contamination by undetected clouds, hygroscopic growth of aerosol particles, and meteorological conditions, have been debated in recent literature, but an extent to which each of these factors influence the observed enhancement is poorly known. Here we used 11 years of daily global observations at 10x10 km2 resolution from the MODIS on the NASA Terra satellite to quantify as a function of cloud fraction (CF). Our analysis reveals that, averaged over the globe, the clear sky is enhanced by ? = 0.05 which corresponds to relative enhancements of 25% in cloudy conditions (CF=0.8-0.9) compared with relatively clear conditions (CF=0.1-0.2). Unlike the absolute enhancement ?, the relative increase in ? is rather consistent in all seasons and is 25-35% in the subtropics and 15-25% at mid and higher latitudes. Using a simple Gaussian probability density function model to connect cloud cover and the distribution of relative humidity, we argue that much of the enhancement is consistent with aerosol hygroscopic growth in the humid environment surrounding clouds. Consideration of these cloud-dependent effects will facilitate understanding aerosol-cloud interactions and reduce the uncertainty in estimates of aerosol radiative forcing by global climate models.

Chand, Duli; Wood, R.; Ghan, Steven J.; Wang, Minghuai; Ovchinnikov, Mikhail; Rasch, Philip J.; Miller, Steven D.; Schichtel, Bret; Moore, Tom

2012-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

331

Closing the gap: global potential for increasing biofuel production through agricultural intensification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Closing the gap: global potential for increasing biofuel production through agricultural: global potential for increasing biofuel production through agricultural intensification Matt Johnston1 and biodiesel feedstock crops. With biofuels coming under increasing pressure to slow or eliminate indirect land

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

332

Increasing Capacity of an Isolated Merge by Metering its On-Ramp  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Increasing Capacity of an Isolated Merge by Metering its On-and thereby increase merge capacity. Detailed observationscan favorably affect the capacity of an isolated merge. The

Cassidy, Michael J.; Rudjanakanoknad, Jittichai

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Investigation of the Increase in Resistivity in the Steel Collector Bar ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During this period, cathode blocks go under various physical and chemical changes that could result in an increase of electrical resistivity. The increase may be ...

334

Economic and Health Effects of a State Cigarette Excise Tax Increase in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tobacco Control Section California Department of HealthExcise Tax Increase in California Table 1 – Tax increase= Tobacco Control Section California Department of Health

California Department of Health Services; Tobacco Control Section

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Economic and Health Effects of a State Cigarette Excise Tax Increase in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tobacco Control Section California Department of HealthExcise Tax Increase in California Table 1 – Tax increase= Tobacco Control Section California Department of Health

California Department of Health Services

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Development of a technology of compaction of increased-density parts using gas drainage methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The influence of the amount and dispersion of technological lubricant (zinc stearate) and solid lubricants (talc, graphite, calcium fluoride) as well as the sintering temperature and time on the physical and mechanical properties of sintered iron is studied. When the stock contains no technological lubricant the porosity of the specimens drops to 5.0-5.2% but their strength is substantially greater than that of SP10 and SP30 steels of the same porosity. The strength of the specimens is highest when the iron powder has the smallest grain size. Solid lubricants in the stock result in the pressed iron-powder parts having poorer mechanical properties, although they do act in part as technological lubricants during compaction. Favorable results may be obtained by complex alloying of the stock, i.e., the simultaneous introduction of several solid lubricants.

Mamedov, A.T. [Scientific-Industrial Firm Bakkonditsioner, Baku (Russian Federation)

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Oil reservoir characterization using ensemble data assimilation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Increasing world energy demand combined with decreasing discoveries of new and accessible hydrocarbon reserves are necessitating optimal recovery from the world's current hydrocarbon resources. Advances in drilling and ...

Jafarpour, Behnam

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

The Impact of Increasing Summer Mean Temperatures on Extreme Maximum and Minimum Temperatures in Phoenix, Arizona  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Over the past few decades, heat-island related temperature increases in Phoenix, Arizona have been similar to the temperature increases predicted in a number of greenhouse simulation experiments. In this investigation, we use the Phoenix climate ...

Robert C. Balling Jr.; Jon A. Skindlov; Daniel H. Phillips

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

U.S. Department of Energy and SuperPower, Inc. Increase Energy...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of Energy and SuperPower, Inc. Increase Energy Efficiency in the Nation's Electric Grid U.S. Department of Energy and SuperPower, Inc. Increase Energy Efficiency in the Nation's...

340

A Mechanism of Tropical Precipitation Change due to CO2 Increase  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A recent GCM study indicates that a weakening of tropical circulation associated with a slight increase in tropical precipitation may occur when atmospheric CO2 is increased. To further understand the mechanism of atmospheric temperature and ...

Masato Sugi; Jun Yoshimura

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "necessitate substantially increased" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

A GCM Study of Volcanic Eruptions as a Cause of Increased Stratospheric Water Vapor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent general circulation model (GCM) experiments have shown that idealized climatic perturbations that increase the temperature of the tropical tropopause region can cause larger than expected surface temperature increases. This is because the ...

Manoj M. Joshi; Keith P. Shine

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Technique for Improving Detection of WSR-88D Mesocyclone Signatures by Increasing Angular Sampling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Doppler velocity signature of a thunderstorm mesocyclone becomes increasingly degraded as distance from the radar increases. Degradation is due to the broadening of the radar beam with range relative to the size of the mesocyclone. Using a ...

Vincent T. Wood; Rodger A. Brown; Dale Sirmans

2001-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

NOAA and U.S. Department of Energy Expand Efforts to Increase...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NOAA and U.S. Department of Energy Expand Efforts to Increase Energy Efficiency at National Marine Sanctuaries NOAA and U.S. Department of Energy Expand Efforts to Increase Energy...

344

U.S. and China Increase Biofuels Cooperation Ahead of the Third...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Increase Biofuels Cooperation Ahead of the Third U.S. - China Strategic Economic Dialogue U.S. and China Increase Biofuels Cooperation Ahead of the Third U.S. - China Strategic...

345

Benefits and costs of increasing ventilation rates in U.S. offices  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Benefits and costs of increasing ventilation rates in U.S. offices Title Benefits and costs of increasing ventilation rates in U.S. offices Publication Type Conference Paper Year...

346

New Research Center to Increase Safety and Power Output of U...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Research Center to Increase Safety and Power Output of U.S. Nuclear Reactors New Research Center to Increase Safety and Power Output of U.S. Nuclear Reactors May 3, 2011 -...

347

New Research Center to Increase Safety and Power Output of U...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Research Center to Increase Safety and Power Output of U.S. Nuclear Reactors New Research Center to Increase Safety and Power Output of U.S. Nuclear Reactors May 3, 2011 - 12:00am...

348

Increasing Resilience to Natural Hazards in Earthquake-prone and Volcanic Regions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Earthquakes without frontiers: a partnership for increasing resilience to seismic hazard in the continents (EwF for increasing resilience to seismic hazard in the continents (EwF): Professor James Jackson, University

Brierley, Andrew

349

Kent SeaTech Increases Fish Farm Yield and Recycles Water ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Kent SeaTech Increases Fish Farm Yield and Recycles Water for Neighboring Agricultural Irrigation. Partnering Organization ...

2011-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

350

US energy research and development: Declining investment, increasing need, and the feasibility of expansion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy ‘Apollo’ or ‘Manhattan’ project, as these ventures pyIncrease n/a Program Manhattan Project Apollo Program

Nemet, Gregory F; Kammen, D M

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Impacts of Increased Access to Oil & Natural Gas Resources in the Lower 48 Federal Outer Continental Shelf (released in AEO2007)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This analysis was updated for AEO2009: Impact of Limitations on Access to Oil and Natural Gas Resources in the Federal Outer Continental ShelfThe OCS is estimated to contain substantial resources of crude oil and natural gas; however, some areas of the OCS are subject to drilling restrictions. With energy prices rising over the past several years, there has been increased interest in the development of more domestic oil and natural gas supply, including OCS resources. In the past, Federal efforts to encourage exploration and development activities in the deep waters of the OCS have been limited primarily to regulations that would reduce royalty payments by lease holders. More recently, the States of Alaska and Virginia have asked the Federal Government to consider leasing in areas off their coastlines that are off limits as a result of actions by the President or Congress. In response, the Minerals Management Service (MMS) of the U.S. Department of the Interior has included in its proposed 5-year leasing plan for 2007-2012 sales of one lease in the Mid-Atlantic area off the coastline of Virginia and two leases in the North Aleutian Basin area of Alaska. Development in both areas still would require lifting of the current ban on drilling.

Information Center

2007-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

352

Video Camera Use at Nuclear Power Plants: Tools for Increasing Productivity and Reducing Radiation Exposure: Tools for Increasing Pr oductivity and Reducing Radiation Exposure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nuclear power plants have increased the use of industrial video cameras as support tools for a variety of plant operations and outage tasks. This survey on utility use of video cameras, the equipment being used, and the benefits derived found that the video camera is an important tool for reducing radiation exposure and improving productivity through more efficient use of personnel.

1990-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

353

ANALYSIS OF BEAM INDUCED PRESSURE INCREASES IN RHIC WARM VACUUM SECTIONS.  

SciTech Connect

With increasing intensity of gold and proton beams during recent RHIC operations, pressure rises of several decades were observed at a few RHIC warm vacuum sections. The pressure increases were analyzed and compared with the beam parameters such as ion species, bunch intensity, total intensity, number ofbunches, bunch spacing and beam loss. Most of these pressure increases were found to be consistent with those induced by either beam loss and/or electron multipacting.

HSEUH,H.C.; SMART,L.A.; ZHANG,S.Y.

2002-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

354

May 12, 2011, Visiting Speakers Program Events - Special Report - Counterfeit Parts: Increasing Awareness and Developing Countermeasures  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SpeciAl RepoRt SpeciAl RepoRt counterfeit parts: increasing Awareness and Developing countermeasures March 2011 Counterfeit Parts: Increasing Awareness and Developing Countermeasures March 2011 © 2010 Aerospace Industries Association of America, Inc. 1000 Wilson Boulevard, Suite 1700, Arlington, Virginia 22209 n www.aia-aerospace.org Counterfeit Parts: Increasing Awareness and Developing Countermeasures i December 2010 Counterfeit Parts: Increasing Awareness and Developing Countermeasures Counterfeiting has a long and ignoble history, ranging from art and literature to manufactured goods. Unlike other industries, counterfeiting in the aerospace industry may have life or death

355

Game theory analysis of aircraft manufacturer innovation strategies in the face of increasing airline fuel costs.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The air transportation system is a vital infrastructure that enables economic growth and provides significant social benefits. Future increases and volatility in crude oil prices,… (more)

Morrison, James K. D. (James Kelley Douglas)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

The Potential Impact of Increased Renewable Energy Penetrations on Electricity Bill Savings from Residential Photovoltaic Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

San Francisco, CA, 2010 (6) National Renewable EnergyLaboratory (NREL), Renewable Resource Data Center, Website:Impact of Increased Renewable Energy Penetrations on

Barbose, Galen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

U.S. wind generation increased 27% in 2011 - Today in Energy - U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Generation from wind turbines in the United States increased 27% in 2011 compared to 2010, continuing a trend of rapid growth. During the past five years capacity ...

358

U.S. exports of petroleum products increase as markets become more ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Total U.S. exports of finished petroleum products have increased more than 60% since 2007 as markets have become more globally integrated. This trend is driven ...

359

Increasing Federal Office Building Water Efficiency, Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) (Fact Sheet)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Quick guide to increasing Federal office building water efficiency, water management planning, performing a water audit, calculating a water balance, and best management practices.

Not Available

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Today in Energy - Uprates can increase U.S. nuclear capacity ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration ... Financial market analysis and financial data for major energy companies ... Stretch uprates increase electrical output by 3% to ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "necessitate substantially increased" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Increase Natural Gas Energy Efficiency - Q & A | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Efficiency - Q & A Home > Increase Natural Gas Energy Efficiency Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds No questions have been added to this group yet...

362

Rapid Metal Heating: Reducing Energy Consumption and Increasing Productivity in the Thermal Processing of Metals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy intensive manufacturing operations, such as iron and steel production, forging, and heat treating, are attempting to increase productivity while decreasing energy consumption.

2000-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

363

U.S. proved reserves increased sharply in 2010 - Today in Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Glossary For Teachers. Energy Explained. ... marking the second consecutive annual increase and the highest volume since 1991. Natural gas proved reserves ...

364

Increasing Importance of Natural Gas Imports on the U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Increasing Importance of Natural Gas Imports on the U.S. Marketplace The growing importance of imported natural gas sup-plies in the U.S. marketplace, ...

365

Multimodal Traffic at Isolated Signalized Intersections: New Management Strategies to Increase Capacity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effect of bicycles on capacity of signalized intersections.can produce significant capacity gains in complicated, real-Strategies to Increase Capacity Yiguang Xuan, Vikash Gayah,

Xuan, Yiguang; Gayah, Vikash; Daganzo, Carlos; Cassidy, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Public Transit Training: A Mechanism to Increase Ridership Among Older Adults  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rodier. Video Transit Training for Older Travelers: Caseand Liu PUBLIC TRANSIT TRAINING: A MECHANISM TO INCREASEand Liu PUBLIC TRANSIT TRAINING: A MECHANISM TO INCREASE

Shaheen, Susan; Allen, Denise; Liu, Judy

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Organic amendments increase soil solution phosphate concentrations in an acid soil: A controlled environment study  

SciTech Connect

Soil acidification affects at least 4 million hectares of agricultural land in Victoria, Australia. Low soil pH can inhibit plant growth through increased soluble aluminum (Al) concentrations and decreased available phosphorus (P). The addition of organic amendments may increase P availability through competition for P binding sites, solubilization of poorly soluble P pools, and increased solution pH. The effect of two organic amendments (lignite and compost) on P solubility in an acid soil was determined through controlled environment (incubation) studies. Three days after the addition of lignite and compost, both treatments increased orthophosphate and total P measured in soil solution, with the compost treatments having the greatest positive effect. Increased incubation time (26 days) increased soil solution P concentrations in both untreated and amended soils, with the greatest effect seen in total P concentrations. The measured differences in solution P concentrations between the lignite- and compost-amended treatments were likely caused by differences in solution chemistry, predominantly solution pH and cation dynamics. Soil amendment with lignite or compost also increased microbial activity in the incubation systems, as measured by carbon dioxide respiration. Based on the results presented, it is proposed that the measured increase in soil solution P with amendment addition was likely caused by both chemical and biological processes, including biotic and abiotic P solubilization reactions, and the formation of soluble organic-metal complexes.

Schefe, C.R.; Patti, A.F.; Clune, T.S.; Jackson, R. [Rutgers Centre, Rutherglen, Vic. (Australia)

2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

368

A simulation study to increase the capacity of a rusk production line  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study was conducted in a food processing company on its Rusk production line. The goal of the study was to increase the production rate of the line to meet the continuously increasing demand on its product within the existing limited space in the ... Keywords: business process reengineering, food processing, production planning, productivity, simulation models

Seraj Yousef Abed

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Response of the Atlantic Thermohaline Circulation to Increased Atmospheric CO2 in a Coupled Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Changes in the thermohaline circulation (THC) due to increased CO2 are important in future climate regimes. Using a coupled climate model, the Parallel Climate Model (PCM), regional responses of the THC in the North Atlantic to increased CO2 and ...

Aixue Hu; Gerald A. Meehl; Warren M. Washington; Aiguo Dai

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

The response of the North American Monsoon to increased greenhouse gas forcing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The response of the North American Monsoon to increased greenhouse gas forcing B. I. Cook1,2 and R 2013. [1] We analyze the response of the North American Monsoon (NAM) to increased greenhouse gas (GHG Intercomparison Project version 5 (CMIP5). Changes in total monsoon season rainfall with GHG warming are small

371

Increase of global monsoon area and precipitation under global warming: A robust signal?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Increase of global monsoon area and precipitation under global warming: A robust signal? Pang 2012; revised 18 February 2012; accepted 20 February 2012; published 16 March 2012. [1] Monsoons of people around the world. The global monsoon precipitation had an increasing trend over the past three

Li, Tim

372

Greenhouse Gas Pollution in the Stratosphere Due to Increasing Airplane Traffic, Effects On the Environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Greenhouse Gas Pollution in the Stratosphere Due to Increasing Airplane Traffic, Effects temperatures have increased much more than can be explained by changes in the concentration of greenhouse gases traffic round the clock and around the globe which is contributing to higher concentrations of greenhouse

Murty, Katta G.

373

The Effects of an Increasing Surplus of Energy Generating Capability in the Pacific Northwest  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to more frequent "excess energy" events. This happens when the available wind and water energy can't all wind development for renewable energy credits is likely to increase the frequency of excess energy of an Increasing Surplus of Energy Generating Capability in the Pacific Northwest (Draft) 5 of wind plant operation

374

Muffled Price Signals: Household Water Demand Under Increasing-Block Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The distinction has been quite important in the electricity demand literature, in which long-run price elasticity and electricity pricing, and volume discounts in general. Under increasing blocks, the budget constraintMuffled Price Signals: Household Water Demand Under Increasing-Block Prices Sheila M. Cavanagh, W

Kammen, Daniel M.

375

Method for increasing the pressure in oil-bearing geological structures  

SciTech Connect

A method for increasing pressure in geological oil-bearing structures by gas production due to microbial activity comprising adding to a geological oil-bearing structure, an aneorobic microorganism (Methanobacterium termoautotroficum), a culture medium and formic acid. The formic acid is converted to carbon dioxide and methane gases resulting in increased pressure in the structures.

Hellman, B.G.; Ronnow, P.H.; Tengblad, P.F.; Wiberger, L.I.

1981-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

376

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #658: January 17, 2011 Increasing Use of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8: January 17, 8: January 17, 2011 Increasing Use of Vehicle Technologies to Meet Fuel Economy Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #658: January 17, 2011 Increasing Use of Vehicle Technologies to Meet Fuel Economy Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #658: January 17, 2011 Increasing Use of Vehicle Technologies to Meet Fuel Economy Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #658: January 17, 2011 Increasing Use of Vehicle Technologies to Meet Fuel Economy Requirements on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #658: January 17, 2011 Increasing Use of Vehicle Technologies to Meet Fuel Economy Requirements on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #658: January 17, 2011

377

Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) increases urinary albumin excretion (UAE) in intact and uninephrectomized (UNX) rats  

SciTech Connect

Previous experimental observations have suggested that ANP increases the transcapillary shift of water and albumin. The present studies were conducted in anesthetized euvolemic rats 6 weeks after UNX or sham operation. The effect of iv infusion of 103-126 hANP was assessed on GFR and ERPF ({sup 99}Tc.DTPA and {sup 131}I-hippuran clearances), and UAE (nephelemetric method). ANP infusion was associated with no change in mean arterial pressure during the low dose (LD) and a 30 mm Hg decrease during the high dose (HD). ANP induced a dose-dependent and reversible increase in UNaV. Both proximal (as assessed by lithium excretion) and distal reabsorption of sodium were decreased by ANP. GFR was altered whereas ERPF decreased only during HD-AMP; filtration fraction (FF) dose-dependently increased in response to ANP. UAE increased dose-dependently and to a similar extent in both groups in response to ANP. The increase in UAE was readily reversible after discontinuation of ANP. There was a positive correlation between changes in UAE and changes in FF induced by ANP. These results indicate that ANP has a potent albuminuric effect. The simultaneous increase in UAE and FF, which could explain the effect of ANP on proximal tubular handling of sodium, may result from an ANP-induced rise in intraglomerular capillary pressure and/or an increase in glomerular permeability to albumin.

Valentin, J.P.; Ribstein, J.; Mimran, A. (CHU, Montpellier (France))

1990-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

378

AvAilAble for licensing Provides substantial improvement in heat transfer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

towers and more Cooling of power and microelectronics Refrigeration and other cooling systems Nuclear for commercial and industrial heat-transfer applications. Benefits More efficient cooling systems Higher productivity Energy savings Applications and Industries Heat exchangers for engines, fuel cells, cooling

Kemner, Ken

379

Substantiation of Thermodynamic Criteria of Explosion Safety in Process of Severe Accidents in Pressure Vessel Reactors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The paper represents original development of thermodynamic criteria of occurrence conditions of steam-gas explosions in the process of severe accidents. The received results can be used for modelling of processes of severe accidents in pressure vessel reactors.

Skalozubov, V I; Jarovoj, S S; Kochnyeva, V Yu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Substantiation of Thermodynamic Criteria of Explosion Safety in Process of Severe Accidents in Pressure Vessel Reactors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The paper represents original development of thermodynamic criteria of occurrence conditions of steam-gas explosions in the process of severe accidents. The received results can be used for modelling of processes of severe accidents in pressure vessel reactors.

V. I. Skalozubov; V. N. Vashchenko; S. S. Jarovoj; V. Yu. Kochnyeva

2012-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "necessitate substantially increased" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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381

Agile development: issues and avenues requiring a substantial enhancement of the business perspective in large projects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Large-scale projects, are often delivering low value software to businesses due to stakeholders' misunderstanding. Evolutionary software development represents an alternative to plan-driven development in order to tackle today's turbulent environments. ... Keywords: agile development, decision making, goal oriented approaches, project management, requirements engineering, scrum and business modeling, software valuation

Oualid Ktata; Ghislain Lévesque

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Tritium containing polymers having a polymer backbone substantially void of tritium  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A radioluminescent light source comprises a solid mixture of a phosphorescent substance and a tritiated polymer. The solid mixture forms a solid mass having length, width, and thickness dimensions, and is capable of self-support. In one aspect of the invention, the phosphorescent substance comprises solid phosphor particles supported or surrounded within a solid matrix by a tritium containing polymer. The tritium containing polymer comprises a polymer backbone which is essentially void of tritium.

Jensen, George A. (Richland, WA); Nelson, David A. (Richland, WA); Molton, Peter M. (Richland, WA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Tritium containing polymers having a polymer backbone substantially void of tritium  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A radioluminescent light source comprises a solid mixture of a phosphorescent substance and a tritiated polymer. The solid mixture forms a solid mass having length, width, and thickness dimensions, and is capable of self-support. In one aspect of the invention, the phosphorescent substance comprises solid phosphor particles supported or surrounded within a solid matrix by a tritium containing polymer. The tritium containing polymer comprises a polymer backbone which is essentially void of tritium. 2 figs.

Jensen, G.A.; Nelson, D.A.; Molton, P.M.

1992-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

384

Climatic Influence of Sea Surface Temperature: Evidence of Substantial Precipitation Correlation and Predictability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using a combination of statistical methods and monthly SST anomalies (SSTAs) from one or two ocean regions, relatively strong SSTA–precipitation relationships are found during much of the year in the United States: hindcast-bias-corrected ...

Gregory R. Markowski; Gerald R. North

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

NREL Makes Substantial Progress in Developing CZTSe Solar Cells (Fact Sheet) (Revised)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

By defining the deposition process, NREL has significantly improved the conversion efficiency of CZTSe solar cells.

Not Available

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Colorado School of Mines 11 and is sure to attract substantially more  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

D minor in high performance computing; the continued development of an existing five-year BS/MS program programs in high performance computing, as well as hands-on learning opportunities, to colleges to create a high performance computing center dedicated to energy-related science. Called the Golden Energy

387

Thematic note to substantiate Ris's strategy impact on society Impact on society: Sustainable energy supply  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: Sustainable energy supply Introduction Biomass (wood, energy crops, by-products and organic waste from as the energy carrier biomass can be converted into power, heating and biofuels, for example bioethanol, biomass can be stored and thereby used at times which suit the energy system. Biomass is also an important

388

"Nuclear Energy - Potential to Substantially Impact California's Energy Use"  

SciTech Connect

The use of nuclear power to generate electricity is very widespread today, with about 20% of all U.S. electricity coming from the nation's 103 operating reactors. Worldwide there are over 400 commercial nuclear plants that make a similar contribution percentage-wise. However, all of the current U.S. reactors and most of those elsewhere are relatively old, with no new ones having been started domestically in over two decades and only a few now being built overseas, mostly in Asia. The principal reason for this hiatus in the U.S. is that the cost of electricity from new nuclear plants has been non-competitive with other electricity sources for a long time. The U.S. nuclear-power industry has not been stagnant during this time, however. First, the existing plants themselves are running significantly better than they were twenty years ago, to the extent that the US. reactor fleet is producing about one-third more electricity annually than it was, due largely to improvements in the capacity factors: the plants run more reliably, shut down less often, and the refueling outages take less than half as long as they once did. The safety performance has also improved dramatically, with major improvements in every one of the main indicators of safety. The security of the plants against sabotage or other malevolent acts has always been very strong, and is stronger still after recent upgrades in response to the September 2001 attacks in New York and Washington. Thus the U.S. nuclear-electricity industry has remained dynamic despite the absence of new construction. The U.S. and foreign companies that design reactors and hope someday to sell more of them have also been actively at work--they have developed advanced reactor designs that promise to cost much less to build and to operate, and to have even better safety performance. Several of these advanced designs have received design-certification approvals from the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, meaning that a utility could order one of these certified designs today with confidence that the NRC approval of that design is already in place. These new reactor designs are advanced versions of the existing reactors: broadly similar in their design concept but incorporating important new safety and reliability features and cost-saving features. The term ''evolutionary'' is used to describe these designs, in contrast to several advanced reactor designs whose engineering concepts are very different.

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Evaluation of mobile services and substantial adoption factors with Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Emergence of new technological innovations in networks, platforms, and applications has enabled service providers to gain back their massive investment in their infrastructures. However, due to lagging adoption, many service innovations have failed to ... Keywords: Adoption factors, Analytic Hierarchy Process, Mobile service categories, Mobile services, Service adoption

Shahrokh Nikou, József Mezei

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Thematic note to substantiate Ris's strategy impact on society Wind energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and issue concern the development of load profiles, reliability, safety and design methods enabling the up supply approx. 20% of the electricity consumption in the Danish energy system. Hence wind energy the numerical wind tunnel and analysis and design tools for simulating dynamic response, stability

391

Substantially isotactic, linear, alternating copolymers of carbon monoxide and an olefin  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The compound, [Pd(Me-DUPHOS)(MeCN){sub 2}](BF{sub 4}){sub 2}, [Me-DUPHOS: 1,2-bis(2,5-dimethylphospholano)benzene] is an effective catalyst for the highly enantioselective, alternating copolymerization of olefins, such as aliphatic {alpha}-olefins, with carbon monoxide to form optically active, isotactic polymers which can serve as excellent starting materials for the synthesis of other classes of chiral polymers. For example, the complete reduction of a propylene-carbon monoxide copolymer resulted in the formation of a novel, optically active poly(1,4-alcohol). Also, the previously described catalyst is a catalyst for the novel alternating isomerization cooligomerization of 2-butene with carbon monoxide to form optically active, isotactic poly(1,5-ketone).

Sen, A.; Jiang, Z.

1996-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

392

Substantially isotactic, linear, alternating copolymers of carbon monoxide and an olefin  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The compound, [Pd(Me-DUPHOS)(MeCN).sub.2 ](BF.sub.4).sub.2, [Me-DUPHOS: 1,2-bis(2,5-dimethylphospholano)benzene] is an effective catalyst for the highly enantioselective, alternating copolymerization of olefins, such as aliphatic .alpha.-olefins, with carbon monoxide to form optically active, isotactic polymers which can serve as excellent starting materials for the synthesis of other classes of chiral polymers. For example, the complete reduction of a propylene-carbon monoxide copolymer resulted in the formation of a novel, optically active poly(1,4-alcohol). Also, the previously described catalyst is a catalyst for the novel alternating isomerization cooligomerization of 2-butene with carbon monoxide to form optically active, isotactic poly(1,5-ketone)

Sen, Ayusman (State College, PA); Jiang, Zhaozhong (State College, PA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Process for forming one or more substantially pure layers in substrate material using ion implantation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The method comprises selecting an implantable element and a substrate material to be implanted which, at the implant/anneal temperatures, have limited mutual solubility and have no intermediate phases formed. In an example, Be is implanted with 11 {times}10{sup 17} Al/cm{sup 2} at 200 keV and then annealed for 1 h at 500 C. Rutherford backscattering shows that layer formation occurred during the anneal. SEM shows rectangular Be defects in the Al layer. Other examples of implantable elements and suitable substrate materials are tabulated. 6 figs, 1 table. (DLC)

Musket, R.G.; Brown, D.W.; Munir, Z.A.

1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

394

Scientific substantiation of safe operation of the Earthen Dams at the Votkinsk HPP  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Over a period of 15 years, coworkers of the B. E. Vedeneev Scientific-Research Institute of Hydraulic Engineering have conducted scientific accompaniment of the operation of the earthen dams at the Votkinsk HPP. During that time, basic performance characteristics associated with complex hydrogeologic and hydrochemical conditions, and the forms of their unfavorable manifestations influencing the reliability and safety of the structures were revealed, and, recommendations and measures were developed for their elimination.

Deev, A. P.; Fisenko, V. F. [Votkinsk HPP Branch of the JSC 'RusGidro,' Chaikovskii (Russian Federation); Sol'skii, S. V.; Lopatina, M. G.; Gints, A. V.; Aref'eva, A. N. [JSC 'VNIIG im. B. E. Vedeneeva', Branch of JSC 'RusGidro' (Russian Federation)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

395

n the United States, utility industry forces are driving substantial changes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and modeling, distributed energy resources and consumer portal projects. The GridWiseTM Alliance is pro been the case. RecenT DeveLopMenTS Intelligent grid or smart grid strategies are emerging models required to manage IUN investments; · More real-time grid observability smart sensors, monitors

396

U.S. and China Sign Agreement to Increase Industrial Energy Efficiency |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

U.S. and China Sign Agreement to Increase Industrial Energy U.S. and China Sign Agreement to Increase Industrial Energy Efficiency U.S. and China Sign Agreement to Increase Industrial Energy Efficiency September 14, 2007 - 2:33pm Addthis DOE to Conduct Energy Efficiency Audits on up to 12 Facilities SAN FRANCISCO, CA - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Assistant Secretary for Policy and International Affairs Karen Harbert and Vice Chairman of the National Development and Reform Committee (NDRC) Chen Deming, this week signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to increase cooperation and energy efficiency in China's industrial sector, which accounts for 70 percent of the country's total energy demand. This MOU, titled Industrial Energy Efficiency Cooperation, follows discussions this week at the third U.S.-China Energy Policy Dialogue where the U.S. and China agreed to

397

U.S. Department of Energy and SuperPower, Inc. Increase Energy Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and SuperPower, Inc. Increase Energy and SuperPower, Inc. Increase Energy Efficiency in the Nation's Electric Grid U.S. Department of Energy and SuperPower, Inc. Increase Energy Efficiency in the Nation's Electric Grid February 21, 2008 - 11:29am Addthis $27 Million Project Demonstrates Advanced Superconductivity Technology ALBANY, NY- The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and SuperPower, Inc. today commemorated the Albany High-Temperature Superconducting (HTS) Cable Project, the world's first use of second-generation HTS wire on the grid. This 350-meter HTS cable runs between the Riverside and Menands Substations in Albany, New York. HTS cables encounter essentially no resistance in electricity flow, which increases efficiency by eliminating 7-10 percent of the energy losses of conventional copper-based cables. DOE's over $13.5

398

DOE Announces Over $8 Million to Increase Use and Availability of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Over $8 Million to Increase Use and Availability of Over $8 Million to Increase Use and Availability of Alternative Fuels DOE Announces Over $8 Million to Increase Use and Availability of Alternative Fuels October 25, 2006 - 9:17am Addthis Announces Over $8 Million to Increase Use and Availability of Alternative Fuels WASHINGTON, DC -Today, U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Secretary Samuel W. Bodman announced $8.6 million for 16 projects to expand the use of alternative transportation fuels. Combined with funding from the participants, more than $25 million will be invested in the nation's alternative fuel infrastructure. The grants are part of the Clean Cities program and were selected under three topic areas including Refueling Infrastructure for E85 and Alternative Fuels; Incremental Cost for Alternative Fuel Vehicles; and Idle Reduction Training and Awareness for

399

Ghana-Assessing Policy Options for Increasing the Use of Renewable Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Options for Increasing the Use of Renewable Energy Options for Increasing the Use of Renewable Energy for Sustainable Development Jump to: navigation, search Name Assessing Policy Options for Increasing the Use of Renewable Energy for Sustainable Development: Modelling Energy Scenarios for Ghana Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Industrial Development Organization, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations International Atomic Energy Agency Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type Software/modeling tools, Publications, Lessons learned/best practices Website http://esa.un.org/un-energy/pd Country Ghana UN Region Western Africa References Ghana-Assessing Policy Options for Increasing the Use of Renewable Energy for Sustainable Development[1]

400

NOAA and U.S. Department of Energy Expand Efforts to Increase Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NOAA and U.S. Department of Energy Expand Efforts to Increase NOAA and U.S. Department of Energy Expand Efforts to Increase Energy Efficiency at National Marine Sanctuaries NOAA and U.S. Department of Energy Expand Efforts to Increase Energy Efficiency at National Marine Sanctuaries January 29, 2008 - 11:13am Addthis HONOLULU, HI - Through the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Marine Sanctuary Program (NMSP) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today expanded cooperative efforts to promote and increase energy efficiency at the country's national marine sanctuaries. DOE will facilitate three initial energy audits at NMSP facilities in Maui, Hawaii, Key West, Florida; and Scituate, Massachusetts, to identify potential energy-saving opportunities that NMSP can implement throughout the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "necessitate substantially increased" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

U.S. and China Increase Biofuels Cooperation Ahead of the Third U.S. -  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Increase Biofuels Cooperation Ahead of the Third Increase Biofuels Cooperation Ahead of the Third U.S. - China Strategic Economic Dialogue U.S. and China Increase Biofuels Cooperation Ahead of the Third U.S. - China Strategic Economic Dialogue December 12, 2007 - 4:44pm Addthis Marks Third U.S. -China Agreement to Advance Energy Security Reached This Year BEIJING, CHINA - The U.S. Departments of Energy (DOE) and Agriculture (USDA) and China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) agreed to strengthen and expand cooperation on biofuels production and use, ahead of the third U.S. - China Strategic Economic Dialogue set to open in Grand Epoch City on Wednesday. This MOU promotes energy security interests between the two countries with the ultimate goal of significantly reducing fossil fuel consumption by increasing the use of clean, renewable fuels

402

China-Assessing Policy Options for Increasing the Use of Renewable Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China-Assessing Policy Options for Increasing the Use of Renewable Energy China-Assessing Policy Options for Increasing the Use of Renewable Energy for Sustainable Development Jump to: navigation, search Name China-Assessing Policy Options for Increasing the Use of Renewable Energy for Sustainable Development Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Industrial Development Organization, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations International Atomic Energy Agency Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type Software/modeling tools, Publications, Lessons learned/best practices Website http://esa.un.org/un-energy/pd Country China UN Region Eastern Asia References China-Assessing Policy Options for Increasing the Use of Renewable Energy for Sustainable Development[1]

403

Increasing the resilience of critical SCADA systems using peer-to-peer overlays  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems are migrating from isolated to highly-interconnected large scale architectures. In addition, these systems are increasingly composed of standard Internet technologies and use public networks. Hence, ...

Daniel Germanus; Abdelmajid Khelil; Neeraj Suri

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Increasing soft classification accuracy through the use of an ensemble of classifiers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although soft classification analyses can reduce problems such as those associated with mixed pixels that impact negatively on conventional hard classifications their accuracy is often low. One approach to increasing the accuracy of soft classifications ...

H. T. X. Doan; G. M. Foody

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Understanding Land–Sea Warming Contrast in Response to Increasing Greenhouse Gases. Part I: Transient Adjustment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Climate model simulations consistently show that surface temperature over land increases more rapidly than over sea in response to greenhouse gas forcing. The enhanced warming over land is not simply a transient effect caused by the land–sea ...

Buwen Dong; Jonathan M. Gregory; Rowan T. Sutton

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Increasing network lifetime in an energy-constrained wireless sensor network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy in wireless sensor networks is a scarce resource, therefore an energy-efficient mechanism is required to increase the network lifetime. In this paper, we study the problem of optimal power allocation, taking into account the estimation of the ...

Said El Abdellaoui; Mérouane Debbah; Youssef Fakhri; Driss Aboutajdine

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Modeling Irrigated Area to Increase Water, Energy, and Food Security in Semiarid India  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Because of declining public investments in irrigation projects in India, the growth of irrigated agricultural production has increasingly become reliant on unsustainable allocation of groundwater. As a result, groundwater resources are ...

Tobias Siegfried; Stefan Sobolowski; Pradeep Raj; Ram Fishman; Victor Vasquez; Kapil Narula; Upmanu Lall; Vijay Modi

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

U.S. Department of Energy and SuperPower, Inc. Increase Energy...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Superconducting (HTS) Cable Project, the world's first use of second-generation HTS wire on the grid. U.S. Department of Energy and SuperPower, Inc. Increase Energy Efficiency...

409

Increasing the Sensitivity of Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay Using Multiplexed Electrokinetic Concentrator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We developed a novel method to increase the sensitivity of standard enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using a multiplexed electrokinetic concentration chip. The poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) molecular concentrator(1) ...

Cheow, Lih Feng

410

Developing a low-cost, systematic approach to increase an existing data center's Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Data centers consume approximately 1.5% of total US electricity and 0.8% of the total world electricity, and this percentage will increase with the integration of technology into daily lives. In typical data centers, valued ...

Stewart, Jeremy M. (Jeremy Matthew)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Increasing Trend of Synoptic Activity and Its Relationship with Extreme Rain Events over Central India  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The nature of the increasing frequency of extreme rainfall events (ERE) in central India is investigated by relating their occurrence to synoptic activity. Using a long record of the paths and intensities of monsoon synoptic disturbances, a ...

R. S. Ajayamohan; William J. Merryfield; Viatcheslav V. Kharin

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Game theory analysis of aircraft manufacturer innovation strategies in the face of increasing airline fuel costs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The air transportation system is a vital infrastructure that enables economic growth and provides significant social benefits. Future increases and volatility in crude oil prices, as well as environmental charges, are ...

Morrison, James K. D. (James Kelley Douglas)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Impacts of Increased Atmospheric CO2 on the Hydroclimate of theWestern United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Regional-scale projections of climate change signals due to increases in atmospheric CO2 are generated for the western United States using a regional climate model (RCM) nested within two global scenarios from a GCM. The downscaled control ...

Jinwon Kim; Tae-Kook Kim; Raymond W. Arritt; Norman L. Miller

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Thermodynamic and Hydrological Impacts of Increasing Greenness in Northern High Latitudes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Satellite remote sensing data indicate that greenness has been increasing in the northern high latitudes, apparently in response to the warming of recent decades. To identify feedbacks of this land-cover change to the atmosphere, the authors ...

Jing Zhang; John E. Walsh

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

The Response of the Antarctic Oscillation to Increasing and Stabilized Atmospheric CO2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent results from greenhouse warming experiments, most of which follow the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) IS92a scenario, have shown that under increasing atmospheric CO2 concentration, the Antarctic Oscillation (AAO) exhibits ...

Wenju Cai; Peter H. Whetton; David J. Karoly

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Response of the North Atlantic Thermohaline Circulation and Ventilation to Increasing Carbon Dioxide in CCSM3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The response of the North Atlantic thermohaline circulation to idealized climate forcing of 1% per year compound increase in CO2 is examined in three configurations of the Community Climate System Model version 3 that differ in their component ...

Frank O. Bryan; Gokhan Danabasoglu; Norikazu Nakashiki; Yoshikatsu Yoshida; Dong-Hoon Kim; Junichi Tsutsui; Scott C. Doney

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Are Temperature and Precipitation Extremes Increasing over the U.S. High Plains?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Large-scale environmental, social, and economic impacts of recent weather and climate extremes are raising questions about whether the frequency and intensity of these extremes have been increasing. Here, the authors evaluate trends in climate ...

Di Long; Bridget R. Scanlon; D. Nelun Fernando; Lei Meng; Steven M. Quiring

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Acceleration of the Brewer–Dobson Circulation due to Increases in Greenhouse Gases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The acceleration of the Brewer–Dobson circulation under rising concentrations of greenhouse gases is investigated using the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model. The circulation strengthens as a result of increased wave driving in the ...

Rolando R. Garcia; William J. Randel

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Cloud-Resolving Simulation of Low-Cloud Feedback to an Increase in Sea Surface Temperature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates the physical mechanisms of the low cloud feedback through cloud-resolving simulations of cloud-radiative equilibrium response to an increase in sea surface temperature (SST). Six pairs of perturbed and control simulations ...

Kuan-Man Xu; Anning Cheng; Minghua Zhang

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Large-Scale Changes of Soil Wetness Induced by an Increase in Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The change in soil wetness in response to an increase of atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide is investigated by two versions of a climate model which consists of a general circulation model of the atmosphere and a static mixed layer ...

S. Manabe; R. T. Wetherald

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "necessitate substantially increased" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Commentary: Air-conditioning as a risk for increased use of health services  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

55476 Commentary: Air-conditioning as a risk for increased5-14-04 Commentary: Air-conditioning as a risk for increasedof office buildings with air-conditioning systems (e.g. ,

Mendell, Mark J.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Photovoltaic device with increased light absorption and method for its manufacture  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A photovoltaic cell having a light-directing optical element integrally formed in an encapsulant layer thereof. The optical element redirects light to increase the internal absorption of light incident on the photovoltaic device.

Glatfelter, Troy (Royal Oak, MI); Vogeli, Craig (New Baltimore, MI); Call, Jon (Royal Oak, MI); Hammond, Ginger (Imlay City, MI)

1993-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

423

FACTS Assessment Study To Increase the Arizona-California Transfer Capability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report assesses the potential solutions that Flexible AC Transmission System (FACTS) technologies offer on the Arizona-California interface. The study found that use of FACTS devices was cost-effective compared to conventional methods of increasing transfer capability.

1997-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

424

Changes of Variability in Response to Increasing Greenhouse Gases. Part I: Temperature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study documents the temperature variance change in two different versions of a coupled ocean–atmosphere general circulation model forced with estimates of future increases of greenhouse gas (GHG) and aerosol concentrations. The variance ...

R. J. Stouffer; R. T. Wetherald

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Contrasting Regional Responses to Increasing Leaf-Level Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide over Australia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using a coupled atmosphere–land surface model, simulations were conducted to characterize the regional climate changes that result from the response of stomates to increases in leaf-level carbon dioxide (CO2) under differing conditions of ...

Faye T. Cruz; Andrew J. Pitman; John L. McGregor; Jason P. Evans

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Increased Variability in Cold-Season Temperature since the 1930s in Subtropical China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The recent increase in the frequency of winter cold extremes has received particular attention in light of the climate's warming. Knowledge about changes in the frequency of winter cold extremes requires long-term climate data over large spatial ...

Jianping Duan; Qi-bin Zhang; Li-Xin Lv

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Increased Runoff from Melt from the Greenland Ice Sheet: A Response to Global Warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors attribute significantly increased Greenland summer warmth and Greenland Ice Sheet melt and runoff since 1990 to global warming. Southern Greenland coastal and Northern Hemisphere summer temperatures were uncorrelated between the 1960s ...

Edward Hanna; Philippe Huybrechts; Konrad Steffen; John Cappelen; Russell Huff; Christopher Shuman; Tristram Irvine-Fynn; Stephen Wise; Michael Griffiths

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Increasing Importance of Natural Gas Imports on the U.S. Marketplace  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The growing importance of imported natural gas supplies in the U.S. marketplace, especially the northeast, is reflected in the two-fold increase in Canadian and overall net imports since 1990.

Information Center

2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

EA-1044: Melton Valley Storage Tanks Capacity Increase Project- Oak Ridge  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

44: Melton Valley Storage Tanks Capacity Increase Project- Oak 44: Melton Valley Storage Tanks Capacity Increase Project- Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee EA-1044: Melton Valley Storage Tanks Capacity Increase Project- Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee SUMMARY This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of the proposal to construct and maintain additional storage capacity at the U.S. Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, for liquid low-level radioactive waste. PUBLIC COMMENT OPPORTUNITIES None available at this time. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD May 25, 1995 EA-1044: Finding of No Significant Impact Melton Valley Storage Tanks Capacity Increase Project- Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee May 25, 1995 EA-1044: Final Environmental Assessment

430

U.S. and China Sign Agreement to Increase Industrial Energy Efficiency |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sign Agreement to Increase Industrial Energy Sign Agreement to Increase Industrial Energy Efficiency U.S. and China Sign Agreement to Increase Industrial Energy Efficiency September 14, 2007 - 2:33pm Addthis DOE to Conduct Energy Efficiency Audits on up to 12 Facilities SAN FRANCISCO, CA - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Assistant Secretary for Policy and International Affairs Karen Harbert and Vice Chairman of the National Development and Reform Committee (NDRC) Chen Deming, this week signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to increase cooperation and energy efficiency in China's industrial sector, which accounts for 70 percent of the country's total energy demand. This MOU, titled Industrial Energy Efficiency Cooperation, follows discussions this week at the third U.S.-China Energy Policy Dialogue where the U.S. and China agreed to

431

Fact Sheet: Gas Prices and Oil Consumption Would Increase Without Biofuels  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fact Sheet: Gas Prices and Oil Consumption Would Increase Without Fact Sheet: Gas Prices and Oil Consumption Would Increase Without Biofuels Fact Sheet: Gas Prices and Oil Consumption Would Increase Without Biofuels June 11, 2008 - 1:30pm Addthis Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman and Secretary of Agriculture Edward T. Schafer sent a letter on June 11, 2008 to Senator Jeff Bingaman addressing a number of questions related to biofuels, food, and gasoline and diesel prices. Read the letter. Without Biofuels, Gas Prices Would Increase $.20 to $.35 per Gallon. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) estimates that gasoline prices would be between 20 cents to 35 cents per gallon higher without ethanol1, a first-generation biofuel. For a typical household, that means saving about $150 to $300 per year. For the U.S. overall, this saves gas expenditures of $28 billion to

432

Fact Sheet: Gas Prices and Oil Consumption Would Increase Without Biofuels  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Gas Prices and Oil Consumption Would Increase Without Gas Prices and Oil Consumption Would Increase Without Biofuels Fact Sheet: Gas Prices and Oil Consumption Would Increase Without Biofuels June 11, 2008 - 1:30pm Addthis Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman and Secretary of Agriculture Edward T. Schafer sent a letter on June 11, 2008 to Senator Jeff Bingaman addressing a number of questions related to biofuels, food, and gasoline and diesel prices. Read the letter. Without Biofuels, Gas Prices Would Increase $.20 to $.35 per Gallon. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) estimates that gasoline prices would be between 20 cents to 35 cents per gallon higher without ethanol1, a first-generation biofuel. For a typical household, that means saving about $150 to $300 per year. For the U.S. overall, this saves gas expenditures of $28 billion to

433

U.S. Department of Energy and SuperPower, Inc. Increase Energy Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Department of Energy and SuperPower, Inc. Increase Energy Department of Energy and SuperPower, Inc. Increase Energy Efficiency in the Nation's Electric Grid U.S. Department of Energy and SuperPower, Inc. Increase Energy Efficiency in the Nation's Electric Grid February 21, 2008 - 11:46am Addthis $27 Million Project Demonstrates Advanced Superconductivity Technology ALBANY, NY- The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and SuperPower, Inc. today commemorated the Albany High-Temperature Superconducting (HTS) Cable Project, the world's first use of second-generation HTS wire on the grid. This 350-meter HTS cable runs between the Riverside and Menands Substations in Albany, New York. HTS cables encounter essentially no resistance in electricity flow, which increases efficiency by eliminating 7-10 percent of the energy losses of conventional copper-based cables. DOE's over $13.5

434

Power System Operational and Planning Impacts of Generator Cycling Due to Increased Penetration of Variable Generation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This technical update describes work done in the second and final year of the EPRI Bulk Renewable Integration Program project, “Operational and Planning Impacts of Generator Cycling.” This project takes a system perspective in examining the issue of generator cycling behavior, which is likely to increase with increased renewable penetration. To better understand system impacts, researchers developed new modeling algorithms and used them in two case studies to investigate issues related ...

2013-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

435

Report on audit of Department of Energy`s contractor salary increase fund  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Department of Energy (Department) uses contractors to operate its facilities and compensates contractor employees based on their skills, complexity of jobs, and work performance. Thirty-one of the Department`s major contractors reported a total payroll of $4.3 billion and $4.4 billion during 1994 and 1995, respectively. The 31 contractors also reported awarding salary increases of $18 million for 1994 and $200 million for 1995. The purpose of the audit was to review the process used to determine and approve the amount of salary increases for contractor employees. The specific audit objective was to determine whether salary increases received by contractor employees were in accordance with Departmental policies and procedures. The Department of Energy Acquisition Regulation (DEAR) requires that contractor salary actions be within specific limitations, supportable, and approved prior to incurrence of costs. In addition, the Secretary of Energy imposed a 1 year salary freeze on the merit portion of management and operating contractor employee salaries for each contractor`s Fiscal Year 1994 compensation year. However, a fund for promotions and adjustments was approved but limited to 0.5 percent of payroll for the year. A review of eight major contractors showed that six complied with the Department`s policies on salary increases. The other two gave salary increases that were not always in accordance with Departmental policies. This resulted in both contractors not fully complying with the pay freeze in 1994 and exceeding their salary increase fund budgets in 1995. If these two contractors had implemented Department and contract requirements and contracting officers had properly performed their contract administrative responsibilities concerning salary increase funds, both contractors would have frozen salary increases and would not have exceeded their annual budgets.

NONE

1997-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

436

Increasing Well Productivity in Gas Condensate Wells in Qatar's North Field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Condensate blockage negatively impacts large natural gas condensate reservoirs all over the world; examples include Arun Field in Indonesia, Karachaganak Field in Kazakhstan, Cupiagua Field in Colombia,Shtokmanovskoye Field in Russian Barents Sea, and North Field in Qatar. The main focus of this thesis is to evaluate condensate blockage problems in the North Field, Qatar, and then propose solutions to increase well productivity in these gas condensate wells. The first step of the study involved gathering North Field reservoir data from previously published papers. A commercial simulator was then used to carry out numerical reservoir simulation of fluid flow in the North Field. Once an accurate model was obtained, the following three solutions to increasing productivity in the North Field are presented; namely wettability alteration, horizontal wells, and reduced Non Darcy flow. Results of this study show that wettability alteration can increase well productivity in the North Field by adding significant value to a single well. Horizontal wells can successfully increase well productivity in the North Field because they have a smaller pressure drawdown (compared to vertical wells). Horizontal wells delay condensate formation, and increase the well productivity index by reducing condensate blockage in the near wellbore region. Non Darcy flow effects were found to be negligible in multilateral wells due to a decrease in fluid velocity. Therefore, drilling multilateral wells decreases gas velocity around the wellbore, decreases Non Darcy flow effects to a negligible level, and increases well productivity in the North Field.

Miller, Nathan

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Did Open Solar Magnetic Field Increase during the Last 100 Years: A Reanalysis of Geomagnetic Activity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Long-term geomagnetic activity presented by the aa index has been used to show that the heliospheric magnetic field has more than doubled during the last 100 years. However, serious concern has been raised on the long-term consistency of the aa index and on the centennial rise of the solar magnetic field. Here we reanalyze geomagnetic activity during the last 100 years by calculating the recently suggested IHV (Inter-Hour Variability) index as a measure of local geomagnetic activity for seven stations. We find that local geomagnetic activity at all stations follows the same qualitative long-term pattern: an increase from early 1900s to 1960, a dramatic dropout in 1960s and a (mostly weaker) increase thereafter. Moreover, at all stations, the activity at the end of the 20th century has a higher average level than at the beginning of the century. This agrees with the result based on the aa index that global geomagnetic activity, and thereby, the open solar magnetic field has indeed increased during the last 100 years. However, quantitatively, the estimated centennial increase varies greatly from one station to another. We find that the relative increase is higher at the high-latitude stations and lower at the low and mid-latitude stations. These differences may indicate that the fraction of solar wind disturbances leading to only moderate geomagnetic activity has increased during the studied time interval. We also show that the IHV index needs to be corrected for the long-term change of the daily curve, and calculate the corrected IHV values. Most dramatically, we find the centennial increase in global geomagnetic activity was considerably smaller, only about one half of that depicted by the aa index.

K. Mursula; D. Martini; A. Karinen

2004-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

438

A Numerical Investigation into the Anomalous Slight NOx Increase when Burning Biodiesel: A New (Old) Theory  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Biodiesel is a notable alternative to petroleum derived diesel fuel because it comes from natural domestic sources and thus reduces dependence on diminishing petroleum fuel from foreign sources, it likely lowers lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions, and it lowers an engine's emission of most pollutants as compared to petroleum derived diesel. However, the use of biodiesel often slightly increases a diesel engine's emission of smog forming nitrogen oxides (NO{sub x}) relative to petroleum diesel. In this paper, previously proposed theories for this slight NOx increase are reviewed, including theories based on biodiesel's cetane number, which leads to differing amounts of charge preheating, and theories based on the fuel's bulk modulus, which affects injection timing. This paper proposes an additional theory for the slight NO{sub x} increase of biodiesel. Biodiesel typically contains more double bonded molecules than petroleum derived diesel. These double bonded molecules have a slightly higher adiabatic flame temperature, which leads to the increase in NOx production for biodiesel. Our theory was verified using numerical simulations to show a NOx increase, due to the double bonded molecules, that is consistent with observation. Further, the details of these numerical simulations show that NOx is predominantly due to the Zeldovich mechanism.

Ban-Weiss, G A; Chen, J Y; Buchholz, B A; Dibble, R W

2007-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

439

A Numerical Investigation into the Anomalous Slight NOx Increase when Burning Biodiesel: A New (Old) Theory  

SciTech Connect

Biodiesel is a notable alternative to petroleum derived diesel fuel because it comes from natural domestic sources and thus reduces dependence on diminishing petroleum fuel from foreign sources, it likely lowers lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions, and it lowers an engine's emission of most pollutants as compared to petroleum derived diesel. However, the use of biodiesel often slightly increases a diesel engine's emission of smog forming nitrogen oxides (NO{sub x}) relative to petroleum diesel. In this paper, previously proposed theories for this slight NOx increase are reviewed, including theories based on biodiesel's cetane number, which leads to differing amounts of charge preheating, and theories based on the fuel's bulk modulus, which affects injection timing. This paper proposes an additional theory for the slight NO{sub x} increase of biodiesel. Biodiesel typically contains more double bonded molecules than petroleum derived diesel. These double bonded molecules have a slightly higher adiabatic flame temperature, which leads to the increase in NOx production for biodiesel. Our theory was verified using numerical simulations to show a NOx increase, due to the double bonded molecules, that is consistent with observation. Further, the details of these numerical simulations show that NOx is predominantly due to the Zeldovich mechanism.

Ban-Weiss, G A; Chen, J Y; Buchholz, B A; Dibble, R W

2007-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

440

Increase of Steam Moisture in the BWR-Facility KKP 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Main steam moisture in a BWR facility is determined by steam quality at core outlet and efficiency of steam separators and steam dryers. Transport of water with steam is accompanied by transport of radionuclides out of RPV resulting in enhanced radiation level in the main steam system. A remarkable increase of main steam moisture started at KKP 1 in 1997. In the following years increase of steam outlet moisture started at lower and lower core mass flow rates. Dose rate in main steam system increased simultaneously. Core mass flow rate and thus thermal power had to be reduced during stretch out operation to keep the main steam moisture below the specified boundary of 0.2 %. This boundary also guarantees, that radiological exposure remains far below approved values. The increase of main steam moisture corresponds with the application of low leakage core loading. Low leakage core loading results in enhanced steam generation in the center and in reduced steam generation in the outer zones of the core. It can be shown, that the uneven steam generation in the core became stronger over the years. Therefore, steam quality at inlet of the outer steam separators was getting lower. This resulted in higher carry over of water in this steam separators and steam dryers, thus explaining the increasing main steam moisture. KKP 1 started in 2000 with spectral shift operation. As one should expect, this resulted in reduced steam moisture. It remains the question of steam moisture in case of stretch out operation. Countermeasures are briefly discussed. (authors)

Noack, Volker [EnBW Kraftwerke AG (Germany)

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "necessitate substantially increased" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

DOE Seeks Proposals to Increase Investment in Industrial Carbon Capture and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE Seeks Proposals to Increase Investment in Industrial Carbon DOE Seeks Proposals to Increase Investment in Industrial Carbon Capture and Sequestration Projects DOE Seeks Proposals to Increase Investment in Industrial Carbon Capture and Sequestration Projects June 15, 2009 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy has issued a Funding Opportunity Announcement soliciting projects to capture and sequester carbon dioxide from industrial sources and to put CO2 to beneficial use. The successful development of advanced technologies and innovative concepts to prevent CO2 from being emitted into the atmosphere is a key component of national efforts to mitigate climate change. DOE anticipates making multiple awards under this FOA. The projects will be cost-shared, with the award recipients providing at least 20 percent of the

442

Energy Department to Award $6 Million to State Partnerships to Increase  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to Award $6 Million to State Partnerships to to Award $6 Million to State Partnerships to Increase Energy Efficiency Energy Department to Award $6 Million to State Partnerships to Increase Energy Efficiency September 19, 2006 - 8:53am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC -U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Alexander Karsner today announced that DOE will award $6 million to fund 22 federal-state partnerships that will create innovative initiatives to increase energy savings in residential and commercial buildings. These state partnership grants will help implement training programs, and provide technical assistance and education that will ultimately result in the construction of more energy-efficient buildings. Assistant Secretary Karsner made the announcement while speaking to the U.S. Chamber of Commerce.

443

U.S. and Mongolia Sign MOU to Increase Cooperation in Preventing Nuclear  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mongolia Sign MOU to Increase Cooperation in Preventing Mongolia Sign MOU to Increase Cooperation in Preventing Nuclear Smuggling U.S. and Mongolia Sign MOU to Increase Cooperation in Preventing Nuclear Smuggling October 23, 2007 - 3:21pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - Today the governments of the United States and Mongolia strengthened their efforts in the fight against nuclear terrorism. U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy Clay Sell and Mongolia's Minister of Finance Nadmid Bayartsaikhan signed a Memorandum of Understanding, which will kick off cooperation between the two countries to prevent illicit trafficking of nuclear and other radioactive material. "This Agreement signed today solidifies the United States and Mongolia's commitment to promote our joint security and nonproliferation goals," Deputy Secretary Sell said. "This initiative builds on our ongoing

444

DOE Selects Projects Totaling $12.4 Million Aimed at Increasing Domestic  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Totaling $12.4 Million Aimed at Increasing Totaling $12.4 Million Aimed at Increasing Domestic Energy Production While Enhancing Environmental Protection DOE Selects Projects Totaling $12.4 Million Aimed at Increasing Domestic Energy Production While Enhancing Environmental Protection August 1, 2011 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - A total of 11 research projects that will help find ways to extract more energy from unconventional oil and gas resources while reducing environmental risks have been selected totaling $12.4 million by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy (FE). The selections include $10.3 million for eight projects that will reduce the environmental risks of shale gas development while accelerating the application of new exploration and production technologies; and $2.1

445

Oak Ridge EM Program Increases Focus on Mercury Cleanup | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Increases Focus on Mercury Cleanup Increases Focus on Mercury Cleanup Oak Ridge EM Program Increases Focus on Mercury Cleanup May 7, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation Commissioner Robert Martineau, left to right, U.S. Sen. Lamar Alexander (R-Tenn.), Oak Ridge EM Manager Mark Whitney, EM Senior Advisor Dave Huizenga and EPA Deputy Regional Administrator for Region 4 Stan Meiburg gathered for the announcement on mercury cleanup. Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation Commissioner Robert Martineau, left to right, U.S. Sen. Lamar Alexander (R-Tenn.), Oak Ridge EM Manager Mark Whitney, EM Senior Advisor Dave Huizenga and EPA Deputy Regional Administrator for Region 4 Stan Meiburg gathered for the announcement on mercury cleanup. OAK RIDGE, Tenn. - EM Senior Advisor Dave Huizenga recently joined local

446

Wrapping Up: Our Conversation on Increasing Diversity in STEM Education and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Wrapping Up: Our Conversation on Increasing Diversity in STEM Wrapping Up: Our Conversation on Increasing Diversity in STEM Education and the Workforce Wrapping Up: Our Conversation on Increasing Diversity in STEM Education and the Workforce March 5, 2013 - 9:43am Addthis Watch our science and tech experts answer questions and share advice on STEM Education and Careers. Dot Harris Dot Harris The Honorable Dot Harris, Director, Office of Economic Impact and Diversity Where Can I Learn More? Visit diversity.energy.gov for more on the Department's efforts to support minority participation in STEM fields. The national alarm has been sounded. While industry demand for science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) professionals is building at a feverish pace, there's a major roadblock to filling these jobs. The STEM gap is widening for women and minorities. Blacks and Latinos represent

447

Fertilization Increases Below-Ground Carbon Sequestration of Loblolly Pine Plantations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FERTILIZATION INCREASES BELOW-GROUND FERTILIZATION INCREASES BELOW-GROUND CARBON SEQUESTRATION OF LOBLOLLY PINE PLANTATIONS K.H. Johnsen 1,2 , J.R. Butnor 1 , C. Maier 1 , R. Oren 3 , R. Pangle 4 , L. Samuelson 5 , J. Seiler 4 , S.E. McKeand 6 , and H.L Allen 6 1 Southern Research Station, USDA Forest Service, 3041 Cornwallis Road, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA 2 email: kjohnsen@fs.fed.us, ph: 919-549-4012, fax: 919-549-4047 3 School of the Environment, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708 4 Dept. of Forestry, Virginia Tech., Blacksburg, VA 24061 5 School of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849 6 College of Natural Resources, NC State University, Raleigh, NC 27695 Abstract The extent of fertilization of southern pine forests is increasing rapidly; industrial

448

Science.gov 3.0 Launched; Offers Increased Precision Searches of Federal  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Science.gov Science.gov 3.0 Launched; Offers Increased Precision Searches of Federal Science Database News Featured Articles Science Headlines 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 Presentations & Testimony News Archives Contact Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5430 11.15.05 Science.gov 3.0 Launched; Offers Increased Precision Searches of Federal Science Database Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page Offers Increased Precision Searches of Federal Science Database November 15, 2005 WASHINGTON, DC - The latest version of Science.gov External link was launched today allowing more refined queries for searches of federal science databases. While Science.gov 3.0 is available to everyone, these

449

Increase in IO Bandwidth to Enhance Future Understanding of Climate Change  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Increase in IO Increase in IO Bandwidth to Enhance Future Understanding of Climate Change Increase in IO Bandwidth to Enhance Future Understanding of Climate Change August 6, 2009 vorticity+context_2.jpg The large data set sizes generated by the GCRM require new analysis and visualization capabilities with parallel processing and rendering capabilities. This 3d plot of the vorticity isosurfaces was developed using the VisIt visualization tool, a general purpose 3D visualization tool with a parallel distributed architecture, which is being extended to support the geodesic grid used by the GCRM. This work was performed in collaboration with Prabhat at NERSC. Results: Researchers at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL)-in collaboration with the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center

450

U.S. Department of Energy and State of Hawaii Sign Agreement to Increase  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Department of Energy and State of Hawaii Sign Agreement to Department of Energy and State of Hawaii Sign Agreement to Increase Clean Energy Technologies in Hawaii U.S. Department of Energy and State of Hawaii Sign Agreement to Increase Clean Energy Technologies in Hawaii January 28, 2008 - 10:53am Addthis DOE to support transformation of Hawaii's energy supply through Hawaii Clean Energy Initiative HONOLULU, HI -The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the State of Hawaii today strengthened cooperation to implement clean energy technologies that will increase energy efficiency and maximize use of the State's vast and abundant renewable resources. DOE Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Alexander Karsner and Hawaii Governor Linda Lingle signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) establishing the Hawaii

451

United States, France and Japan Increase Cooperation on Sodium-Cooled Fast  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

United States, France and Japan Increase Cooperation on United States, France and Japan Increase Cooperation on Sodium-Cooled Fast Reactor Prototypes United States, France and Japan Increase Cooperation on Sodium-Cooled Fast Reactor Prototypes February 1, 2008 - 11:13am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC -The U.S Department of Energy (DOE), the French Atomic Energy Commission (CEA) and Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) today expanded cooperation to coordinate Sodium-Cooled Fast Reactor Prototype development through a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) signed by DOE Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Energy Dennis R. Spurgeon, CEA Chairman Alain Bugat and JAEA President Toshio Okazaki. The MOU establishes a collaborative framework with the ultimate goal of deploying sodium-cooled fast reactor prototypes. A sodium-cooled fast reactor uses liquid sodium

452

U.S. and China Continue to Increase Cooperation on Vehicle Efficiency |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Continue to Increase Cooperation on Vehicle Continue to Increase Cooperation on Vehicle Efficiency U.S. and China Continue to Increase Cooperation on Vehicle Efficiency September 20, 2007 - 2:41pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - Representing the two largest automotive markets in the world, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the China's Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) this week signed a five-year agreement to promote large-scale deployment of next-generation efficiency vehicle technologies in the U.S. and China, specifically focusing on electric, hybrid-electric, fuel cell, and alternative fuel technologies. This agreement falls under the "umbrella" Agreement on Cooperation in Science and Technology between the U.S. and Chinese governments, and implements a Protocol for Cooperation in the Fields of Energy Efficiency and Renewable

453

New Research Center to Increase Safety and Power Output of U.S. Nuclear  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Research Center to Increase Safety and Power Output of U.S. New Research Center to Increase Safety and Power Output of U.S. Nuclear Reactors New Research Center to Increase Safety and Power Output of U.S. Nuclear Reactors May 3, 2011 - 3:41pm Addthis Oak Ridge, Tenn. - Today the Department of Energy dedicated the Consortium for Advanced Simulation of Light Water Reactors (CASL), an advanced research facility that will accelerate the advancement of nuclear reactor technology. CASL researchers are using supercomputers to study the performance of light water reactors and to develop highly sophisticated modeling that will help accelerate upgrades at existing U.S. nuclear plants. These upgrades could improve the energy output of our existing reactor fleet by as much as seven reactors' worth at a fraction of the cost of building new reactors, while providing continued improvements in

454

Energy Department to Award $6 Million to State Partnerships to Increase  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to Award $6 Million to State Partnerships to to Award $6 Million to State Partnerships to Increase Energy Efficiency Energy Department to Award $6 Million to State Partnerships to Increase Energy Efficiency September 19, 2006 - 8:53am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC -U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Alexander Karsner today announced that DOE will award $6 million to fund 22 federal-state partnerships that will create innovative initiatives to increase energy savings in residential and commercial buildings. These state partnership grants will help implement training programs, and provide technical assistance and education that will ultimately result in the construction of more energy-efficient buildings. Assistant Secretary Karsner made the announcement while speaking to the U.S. Chamber of Commerce.

455

OSTI Increases Visibility of DOE Science via WorldCat | OSTI, US Dept of  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Increases Visibility of DOE Science via WorldCat Increases Visibility of DOE Science via WorldCat NEWS MEDIA CONTACT: Cathey Daniels, (865) 576-9539 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE May 16, 2006 OSTI Increases Visibility of DOE Science via WorldCat Oak Ridge, TN - Librarians from around the world have a new avenue of access to research results from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). More than 120,000 records for DOE scientific and technical information are now available in WorldCat, a database merging catalogues of more than 50,000 libraries in 96 countries and territories. "The library community will have access to DOE report literature as never before," said Dr. Walter Warnick, director of the DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI). "This is one more way that OSTI makes R&D

456

STEM Students Aim to Increase Tribal Self-Sufficiency | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

STEM Students Aim to Increase Tribal Self-Sufficiency STEM Students Aim to Increase Tribal Self-Sufficiency STEM Students Aim to Increase Tribal Self-Sufficiency November 21, 2013 - 1:37pm Addthis From left to right, Reyna Banteah, Shaun Tsabetsaye, and Jeremy Laselute of Zuni Pueblo, with NREL's Otto VanGeet. Photo by Dennis Schroeder, NREL From left to right, Reyna Banteah, Shaun Tsabetsaye, and Jeremy Laselute of Zuni Pueblo, with NREL's Otto VanGeet. Photo by Dennis Schroeder, NREL Touring NREL's Integrated Biorefinery Research Facility. From left to right: Otto VanGeet, NREL, Jeremy Laselute, Zuni Pueblo, Colton Heaps, NREL, Reyna Banteah, Zuni Pueblo, Shaun Tsabetsaye, Zuni Pueblo, and Chris Gaul, NREL. Photo by Dennis Schroeder, NREL Touring NREL's Integrated Biorefinery Research Facility. From left to

457

DOE, City of Richland and Benton PUD Increase Fiber Optic Telecommunication  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE, City of Richland and Benton PUD Increase Fiber Optic DOE, City of Richland and Benton PUD Increase Fiber Optic Telecommunication Capacity in Benton County - Upgrade improves communications at Hanford Site, schools and libraries DOE, City of Richland and Benton PUD Increase Fiber Optic Telecommunication Capacity in Benton County - Upgrade improves communications at Hanford Site, schools and libraries March 14, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Fiber Optic Broadband Fiber Optic Broadband Media Contact Cameron Salony, 509-376-0402 Cameron.Salony@rl.doe.gov RICHLAND, Wash. - The Department of Energy (DOE), city of Richland, and Benton County's Public Utility District (Benton PUD) jointly implemented a high-capacity fiber optic cable in Richland and at the Hanford Site. The project will improve communications throughout the area.

458

Maximizing the Productive Uses of Electricity to Increase the Impact of  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Maximizing the Productive Uses of Electricity to Increase the Impact of Maximizing the Productive Uses of Electricity to Increase the Impact of Rural Electrification Programs Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Maximizing the Productive Uses of Electricity to Increase the Impact of Rural Electrification Programs Agency/Company /Organization: Christophe de Gouvello and Laurent Durix Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Phase: Create a Vision Topics: - Energy Access Resource Type: Publications User Interface: Website Website: www.esmap.org/esmap/sites/esmap.org/files/FR_Maximizing%20the%20Produc Cost: Free Language: English This paper argues that to be successful, rural electrification programs should target direct impact on livelihoods and revenue generation beyond the provision of connections and kilowatt-hours by implementing electricity

459

U.S. and China Continue to Increase Cooperation on Vehicle Efficiency |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

U.S. and China Continue to Increase Cooperation on Vehicle U.S. and China Continue to Increase Cooperation on Vehicle Efficiency U.S. and China Continue to Increase Cooperation on Vehicle Efficiency September 20, 2007 - 2:41pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - Representing the two largest automotive markets in the world, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the China's Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) this week signed a five-year agreement to promote large-scale deployment of next-generation efficiency vehicle technologies in the U.S. and China, specifically focusing on electric, hybrid-electric, fuel cell, and alternative fuel technologies. This agreement falls under the "umbrella" Agreement on Cooperation in Science and Technology between the U.S. and Chinese governments, and implements a Protocol for Cooperation in the Fields of Energy Efficiency and Renewable

460

DOE Steps Lead to Significant Increase in Compliance with Energy Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Steps Lead to Significant Increase in Compliance with Energy Steps Lead to Significant Increase in Compliance with Energy Efficiency Reporting Requirements DOE Steps Lead to Significant Increase in Compliance with Energy Efficiency Reporting Requirements January 12, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON DC - The Department of Energy announced today that it has received certifications for over 600,000 residential appliances in 15 different product categories in response to the Department's enhanced energy efficiency enforcement efforts. DOE recently announced that manufacturers had until January 8, 2010 to submit correct energy use data to the Department of Energy before aggressive enforcement actions were taken. The certification data provided by 160 different manufacturers will allow DOE to review manufacturers' compliance with minimum energy

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "necessitate substantially increased" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

U.S. Department of Energy and State of Hawaii Sign Agreement to Increase  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

U.S. Department of Energy and State of Hawaii Sign Agreement to U.S. Department of Energy and State of Hawaii Sign Agreement to Increase Clean Energy Technologies in Hawaii U.S. Department of Energy and State of Hawaii Sign Agreement to Increase Clean Energy Technologies in Hawaii January 28, 2008 - 10:53am Addthis DOE to support transformation of Hawaii's energy supply through Hawaii Clean Energy Initiative HONOLULU, HI -The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the State of Hawaii today strengthened cooperation to implement clean energy technologies that will increase energy efficiency and maximize use of the State's vast and abundant renewable resources. DOE Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Alexander Karsner and Hawaii Governor Linda Lingle signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) establishing the Hawaii

462

Energy prices: Gasoline price increases in early 1985 interrupted previous trend  

SciTech Connect

In 1985, wholesale gasoline prices did not continue the downward trend begun in 1981 despite a continuing decline in crude oil prices. As a result, the spread between these two prices increased in 1985, but only to a level approximating what existed in 1981 and 1982. The Federal Trade Commission investigated two proposed mergers between Texaco, Inc., with Getty Oil Company and Chevron Corporation with Gulf Corporation that had the potential for anticompetitive effects. Using a regression analysis, GAO suggests that increases in concentration at the state level have a positive association with gasoline prices. Because the required divestitures eliminated the increases in concentration exceeding the merger guidelines, GAO believes the two mergers would have had only a small effect on prices.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Entanglement can increase asymptotic rates of zero-error classical communication over classical channels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is known that the number of different classical messages which can be communicated with a single use of a classical channel with zero probability of decoding error can sometimes be increased by using entanglement shared between sender and receiver. It has been an open question to determine whether entanglement can ever increase the zero-error communication rates achievable in the limit of many channel uses. In this paper we show, by explicit examples, that entanglement can indeed increase asymptotic zero-error capacity, even to the extent that it is equal to the normal capacity of the channel. Interestingly, our examples are based on the exceptional simple root systems E7 and E8.

Debbie Leung; Laura Mancinska; William Matthews; Maris Ozols; Aidan Roy

2010-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

464

Increasing Distillate Production at U.S. Refineries … Past Changes and Future Potential  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Increasing Distillate Production at U.S. Refineries - Past Changes and Future Increasing Distillate Production at U.S. Refineries - Past Changes and Future Potential U.S. Energy Information Administration Office of Petroleum, Gas, and Biofuels Analysis Department of Energy Office of Policy and International Affairs October 2010 Summary World consumption growth for middle distillate fuels (diesel fuel, heating oil, kerosene, and jet fuel) has exceeded the consumption growth for gasoline for some time, and the United States is no exception. Although the decrease in the ratio of total gasoline consumption to consumption for middle distillate fuels has been small in the United States, recent legislation requiring increased use of renewable fuels has resulted in forecasts that project a decline in consumption for petroleum-based gasoline from refineries, which would accelerate the decline in the

465

Contingency in the Direction and Mechanics of Soil Organic Matter Responses to Increased Rainfall  

SciTech Connect

Shifts in regional precipitation patterns will be a major component of global climate change. Rainfall will show greater and more variable changes in response to rising earth surface temperatures than most other climatic variables, and will be a major driver of ecosystem change. We studied the consequences of predicted changes in California’s rainy season for storage and stabilization mechanisms of soil organic matter (SOM). In a controlled and replicated experiment, we amended rainfall over large plots of natural grassland in accordance with alternative scenarios of future climate change. Results show that increases in annual rainfall have important consequences for soil C storage, but that the strength and even direction of these effects depend entirely on seasonal timing. Rainfall increases during the winter rainy season led to pronounced C loss from soil while rainfall increases after the typical rainy season increased soil C stocks. Analysis of mineral-OM associations reveals a powerful mechanism underlying this difference: increased winter rainfall vastly diminished the role of Fe and Al oxides in SOM stabilization. Dithionite extractable crystalline Fe oxides explained more than 35 percent of the variability in C storage in ambient control and spring-addition treatments, compared to less than 0.01 percent in the winter-addition treatment. Likewise, poorly crystalline Fe and Al oxides explained more than 25 and 40 percent of the variability in C storage, respectively, in the control and spring-addition treatments compared to less than 5 percent in the -winter-addition treatment. Increases in annual precipitation identical in amount but at three-month offsets produced opposite effects on soil C storage. These results highlight the complexity inherent in biospheric feedbacks to the climate system, and the way that careful experimentation can penetrate that complexity to improve predictions of ecosystem and climatic change.

Berhe, Asmeret A.; Suttle, K. Blake; Burton, Sarah D.; Banfield, Jillian F.

2012-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

466

Effects of increasing filing fees for noncompetitive onshore oil and gas leases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Government Accounting Office (GAO) examined the impact of increasing the fee charged to applicants for noncompetitive onshore oil and gas leases from $25.00 to $75.00. Interior believes the increased filing fee will: (1) reduce casual speculation and multiple filings, thereby reducing fraud potential, development delays caused by assignments, and administrative burden; and (2) generate significant additional revenue. Interior's analysis is, of necessity, based largely on conjecture, but the possibility that the positive results foreseen may not materialize to the degree projected cannot be ruled out. For example, while it is likely that the $75 fee will generate additional revenue over what was obtainable under either the $10 or $25 rate, Interior's projections of at least a million filings annually and $150 million in revenues are far from certain. GAO was also unable in the time available to determine the degree to which the problems the Department desires to overcome exist, or that they will be resolved through a fee increase. Results suggest that: reducing the number of filings is not necessarily the total or only solution to reducing the administrative burden; the casual speculator is not having that great an adverse effect on development, and in fact has certain positive aspects; and the true extent of fraud in the SOG may not be as great as initially supposed. In addition, there are possible adverse effects that may not have been fully considered. For example, the increased filing fee, when coupled with the increased rental, could adversely affect industry's exploration activities, particularly that of the smaller independent. GAO suggests, now that the increase is in effect, that the Interior Department and the Congress closely watch the results, and be prepared to take remedial action if deemed necessary.

Not Available

1982-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

467

Statistical Information of the Increased Demand for Watch the VOD with the Increased Sophistication in the Mobile Devices,Communications and Internet Penetration in Asia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As the rapid progress of the media streaming applications such as video streaming can be classified into two types of streaming, Live video streaming, Video on Demand (VoD). Live video streaming is a service which allows the clients to watch many TV channels over the internet and the clients able to use one operation to perform is to switch the channels. Video on Demand (VoD) is one of the most important applications for the internet of the future and has become an interactive multimedia service which allows the users to start watching the video of their choice at anytime and anywhere, especially after the rapid deployment of the wireless networks and mobile devices. In this paper provide statistical information about the Internet, communications and mobile devices etc. This has led to an increased demand for the development, communication and computational powers of many of the mobile wireless subscribers/mobile devices such as laptops, PDAs, smart phones and notebook. These techniques are utilized to obtain...

Alomari, Saleh Ali

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Global increase of SF{sub 6} observed in the atmosphere  

SciTech Connect

Here the authors present high precision measurements of sulfur hexafluoride (SF{sub 6}) concentrations from atmospheric gas samples in Antarctic and Tenerife. These results show an increase of two orders of magnitude in this greenhouse gas, which is believed to be solely of anthropogenic origin, and is thought to have an atmospheric lifetime of 3200 years. This gas is of concern because of its high greenhouse effect on a per molecule basis. These studies show a north/south asymmetry in the density, an increase rate of 8.3%/yr, and an atmospheric exchange rate between hemispheres of 1.4 yr.

Maiss, M.; Levin, I. [Univ. of Heidelberg (Germany)

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Integrated Advanced Reciprocating Internal Combustion Engine System for Increased Utilization of Gaseous Opportunity Fuels  

SciTech Connect

The project is addressing barriers to or opportunities for increasing distributed generation (DG)/combined heat and power (CHP) use in industrial applications using renewable/opportunity fuels. This project brings together novel gas quality sensor (GQS) technology with engine management for opportunity fuels such as landfill gas, digester gas and coal bed methane. By providing the capability for near real-time monitoring of the composition of these opportunity fuels, the GQS output can be used to improve the performance, increase efficiency, raise system reliability, and provide improved project economics and reduced emissions for engines used in distributed generation and combined heat and power.

Pratapas, John; Zelepouga, Serguei; Gnatenko, Vitaliy; Saveliev, Alexei; Jangale, Vilas; Li, Hailin; Getz, Timothy; Mather, Daniel

2013-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

470

Progressive Powder Coating: New Infrared Curing Oven at Metal Finishing Plant Increases Production by 50%  

SciTech Connect

Progressive Powder Coating in Mentor, Ohio, is a metal finishing plant that uses a convection oven in its manufacturing process. In an effort to save energy and improve production, the company installed an infrared oven in between the powder coating booth and the convection oven on its production line. This installation allowed the plant to increase its conveyor line speed and increase production by 50 percent. In addition, the plant reduced its natural gas consumption, yielding annual energy savings of approximately$54,000. With a total project cost of$136,000, the simple payback is 2.5 years.

Not Available

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Is the Recent Increasing Trend of Rainfall over Northeast Brazil Related to Sub-Saharan Drought?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years, there has been an increase in rainfall over northeast Brazil (Nordeste), while over the sub-Saharan region there has been a drought. The correlation coefficients between the 11-yr running means of the rainfall series over the two ...

V. Brahmananda Rao; Emanuel Giarolla; Mary T. Kayano; Sergio H. Franchito

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

The power of play: design lessons for increasing the lifespan of outdated computers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One consequence of rapid advances in computer technology is the obsolescence of hundreds of millions of computers each year. This paper explores strategies for increasing the reuse of outdated computers through an investigation of an 8-bit home computer ... Keywords: abandonware, ethnography, games, hci4d, ict4d, obsolescence, social computing, sustainability

Derek Lomas; Anuj Kumar; Kishan Patel; Dixie Ching; Meera Lakshmanan; Matthew Kam; Jodi L. Forlizzi

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Method and apparatus for increasing the durability and yield of thin film photovoltaic devices  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Thin film photovoltaic cells having a pair of semiconductor layers between an opaque and a transparent electrical contact are manufactured in a method which includes the step of scanning one of the semiconductor layers to determine the location of any possible shorting defect. Upon the detection of such defect, the defect is eliminated to increase the durability and yield of the photovoltaic device.

Phillips, James E. (Newark, DE); Lasswell, Patrick G. (Newark, DE)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Planar fuel cell utilizing nail current collectors for increased active surface area  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A plurality of nail current collector members are useful in the gas flow passages of an electrochemical device to optimize the active surfaces of the device and to provide structural support. In addition, the thicknesses of cathode and anode layers within the electrochemical device are varied according to current flow through the device to reduce resistance and increase operating efficiency.

George, Thomas J.; Meacham, G.B. Kirby

1999-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

475

AvAilAble for licensing Battery overcharge protection, increased safety and long-term stability.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AvAilAble for licensing Battery overcharge protection, increased safety and long-term stability of lithium-ion batteries. The electrolytes can be alkali metal salts or polar aprotic solvents of overcharge tolerance--the dangerous voltage of the battery will never be reached even when over

Kemner, Ken

476

Longitudinally Dependent Ozone Increase in the Antarctic Polar Vortex Revealed by Balloon and Satellite Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The horizontal structure of processes causing increases in ozone in the Antarctic polar vortex was examined using data measured in 2003 from an ozonesonde observation campaign at Syowa Station (39.6°E, 69.0°S) and from the Improved Limb ...

K. Sato; Y. Tomikawa; G. Hashida; T. Yamanouchi; H. Nakajima; T. Sugita

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

The Effect of Increasing C02 Amounts on TOVS Longwave Sounding Channels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Radiative transfer models used in processing TIROS-N sounder data via Physical retrieval schemes do not explicitly account for changes in CO2 mixing ratio. However, CO2 mixing ratios have increased by approximately 30 ppmv over the past 17 years. ...

D. S. Turner

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Increased angiotensin II receptors in brain nuclei of DOCA-salt hypertensive rats  

SciTech Connect

We analyzed angiotensin II (ANG II) receptors by in vitro autoradiography in selective brain nuclei of control, salt-treated (1% NaCl in drinking water), deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-treated (DOCA pivalate, 25 mg/kg sc weekly), and DOCA-salt-treated (DOCA + salt treatments) uninephrectomized male Wistar-Kyoto rats. After 4 wk of treatment, only the DOCA-salt group developed hypertension. ANG II binding increased in median preoptic nucleus and subfornical organ of salt- and DOCA-treated rats. DOCA-treated rats also showed increased ANG II binding in paraventricular nucleus. DOCA-salt-treated rats showed higher ANG II binding in nucleus of the solitary tract and area postrema, as well as in the areas mentioned before. Although salt and/or DOCA treatments alone increased ANG II receptors in some brain nuclei, after combined DOCA-salt treatment there was significantly higher ANG II binding in all areas, except the median preoptic nucleus. These results suggest that increased ANG II receptors in selected brain areas may play a role in the pathophysiology of mineralocorticoid-salt experimental hypertension.

Gutkind, J.S.; Kurihara, M.; Saavedra, J.M.

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Planar fuel cell utilizing nail current collectors for increased active surface area  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A plurality of nail current collector members are useful in the gas flow passages of an electrochemical device to optimize the active surfaces of the device and to provide structural support. In addition, the thicknesses of cathode and anode layers within the electrochemical device are varied according to current flow through the device to reduce resistance and increase operating efficiency.

George, Thomas J. (Star City, WV); Meacham, G. B. Kirby (Shaker Heights, OH)

2002-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

480

Reply: Lithium and Increased Cortical Gray Matter--More Tissue or More Water?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reply: Lithium and Increased Cortical Gray Matter--More Tissue or More Water? To the Editor: W e cortices, in lithium-treated patients with bipolar disorder, relative to healthy control subjects (1). Dr patients. Although lithium's effects on body water homeostasis (2) are important to consider, the absence

Thompson, Paul

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481

Wave Forcing of the Tropical Upwelling in the Lower Stratosphere under Increasing Concentrations of Greenhouse Gases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two simulations from the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model, covering the periods 1950–2003 and 1980–2050, are used to investigate the nature of the waves that force the increase of the tropical upwelling in the lower stratosphere as the ...

Natalia Calvo; Rolando R. Garcia

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

The Effects of an Increasing Surplus of Energy Generating Capability in the Pacific Northwest  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with the 1977 Clean Water Act, excess energy could be released as water over dam spillways. In more recent yearsThe Effects of an Increasing Surplus of Energy Generating Capability in the Pacific Northwest storage capacity, gave way to a mix of hydro and thermal resources. In recent years, financial incentives

483

Carbon Cycle Uncertainty Increases Climate Change Risks and Mitigation Challenges PAUL A. T. HIGGINS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon Cycle Uncertainty Increases Climate Change Risks and Mitigation Challenges PAUL A. T about the carbon cycle: 1) that elevated atmospheric CO2 concentrations will enhance terrestrial carbon that carbon cycle uncertainty is considerably larger than currently recognized and that plausible carbon cycle

Kammen, Daniel M.

484

The Influence of Sea Ice on Ocean Heat Uptake in Response to Increasing CO2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two significant changes in ocean heat uptake that occur in the vicinity of sea ice cover in response to increasing CO2 are investigated with Community Climate System Model version 3 (CCSM3): a deep warming below 500 m and extending down several ...

C. M. Bitz; P. R. Gent; R. A. Woodgate; M. M. Holland; R. Lindsay

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Increasing Student Interest and Comprehension in Power Engineering Education at the Graduate and Undergraduate Levels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

contains elective courses such as power system analysis, power electronics and drives, advanced electric in power engineering have entered the arena; computer applications and software development firms now hire to maintaining the sinusoidal voltage waveshape at all load buses. Increasing reliability and selling power

486

AvAilAble for licensing Increased battery capacity, safety, stability and reliability at lower cost.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cost. The Invention A composite material suitable for use in an anode for a lithium-ion battery and reliability; Lowers battery cost; and Could exceed the technical specifications for electrified vehicles AvAilAble for licensing Increased battery capacity, safety, stability and reliability at lower

Kemner, Ken

487

Why did China's Energy Intensity Increase during 1998-2006: Decomposition and Policy Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

coal-dependent consumption structure (Fig. 4) and low per capita energy endowments. China's coal use takes up about 70 percent of the total energy consumption. Per capita oil, natural gas and coal deposits). Moreover, industrial consumption increased more rapidly due to expansion in energy-intensive industries

Edwards, Paul N.

488

Does increasing model stratospheric resolution improve5 extended-range forecast skill?6  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 1 2 3 4 Does increasing model stratospheric resolution improve5 extended-range forecast skill?6 7 The effect of stratospheric resolution on extended-range forecast skill at high latitudes2 in the Southern Hemisphere is explored. Ensemble forecasts are made for two model3 configurations that differ only

Birner, Thomas

489

Factors Affecting the Increasing Costs of AMS Conferences DAVID M. SCHULTZ  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of SLC. Groups: residential, hospitals, hotels, schools. Data: Current use of energy, type of energyIncreasing primary energy and electricity demand. Persistent energy deficit situation. Over greater commercial utilization of solar energy in India. · Determination of market acceptance for SLC (PV

Schultz, David

490

Anthropogenic increase in carbon dioxide compromises plant defense against invasive insects  

SciTech Connect

Elevated levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}), a consequence of anthropogenic global change, can profoundly affect the interactions between crop plants and insect pests and may promote yet another form of global change: the rapid establishment of invasive species. Elevated CO{sub 2} increased the susceptibility of soybean plants grown under field conditions to the invasive Japanese beetle (Popillia japonica) and to a variant of western corn rootworm (Diabrotica virgifera virgifera) resistant to crop rotation by down-regulating gene expression related to defense signaling [lipoxygenase 7 (lox7), lipoxygenase 8 (lox8), and 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate synthase (acc-s)]. The down-regulation of these genes, in turn, reduced the production of cysteine proteinase inhibitors (CystPIs), which are specific deterrents to coleopteran herbivores. Beetle herbivory increased CystPI activity to a greater degree in plants grown under ambient than under elevated CO{sub 2}. Gut cysteine proteinase activity was higher in beetles consuming foliage of soybeans grown under elevated CO{sub 2} than in beetles consuming soybeans grown in ambient CO{sub 2}, consistent with enhanced growth and development of these beetles on plants grown in elevated CO{sub 2}. These findings suggest that predicted increases in soybean productivity under projected elevated CO{sub 2} levels may be reduced by increased susceptibility to invasive crop pests.

Zavala, J.; Casteel, C.; DeLucia, E.; Berenbaum, M. [University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL (United States)

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Increase of shear wave velocity before the 1998 eruption of Merapi volcano (Indonesia)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Increase of shear wave velocity before the 1998 eruption of Merapi volcano (Indonesia) U. Wegler,1 of the edifice of Merapi volcano (Java, Indonesia) before its eruption in 1998 by analyzing multiply scattered eruption of Merapi volcano (Indonesia), Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L09303, doi:10.1029/2006GL025928. 1

Snieder, Roel

492

Audit of Department of Energy's Contractor Salary Increase Funds, CR-B-97-02  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL AUDIT OF DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY'S CONTRACTOR SALARY INCREASE FUND The Office of Inspector General wants to make the distribution of its reports as customer friendly and cost effective as possible. Therefore, this report will be available electronically through the Internet five to seven days after publication at the following alternative addresses:

493

Increased stray gas abundance in a subset of drinking water wells near Marcellus shale gas extraction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Increased stray gas abundance in a subset of drinking water wells near Marcellus shale gas Pennsylvania, ex- amining natural gas concentrations and isotopic signatures with proximity to shale gas wells this transformation, with shale gas and other unconventional sources now yielding more than one- half of all US

Jackson, Robert B.

494

Thermal treatment for increasing magnetostrictive response of rare earth-iron alloy rods  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Magnetostrictive rods formed from rare earth-iron alloys are subjected to a short time heat treatment to increase their Magnetostrictive response under compression. The heat treatment is preferably carried out at a temperature of from 900.degree. to 1000.degree. C. for 20 minutes to six hours.

Verhoeven, John D. (Ames, IA); McMasters, O. D. (Ames, IA)

1989-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

495

NREL researchers discover ways to increase accuracy in building energy simulations tools to improve predictions of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NREL researchers discover ways to increase accuracy in building energy simulations tools to improve calculate heat transfer through building enclosures to verify the benefit of energy efficiency upgrades) analysis to calculate the energy loss/gain through building walls and visualize different heat transfer

496

INCREASED OIL RECOVERY FROM MATURE OIL FIELDS USING GELLED POLYMER TREATMENTS  

SciTech Connect

Gelled polymer treatments are applied to oil reservoirs to increase oil production and to reduce water production by altering the fluid movement within the reservoir. This report describes the results of a three-year research program aimed at reducing barriers to the widespread use of gelled polymer treatments by (1) developing methods to predict gel behavior during placement in matrix rock and fractures, (2) determining the persistence of permeability reduction after gel placement, and (3) developing methods to design production well treatments to control water production. The work focused on the gel system composed of polyacrylamide and chromium acetate. The molar mass of the polymer was about six million. Chromium(III) acetate reacted and formed crosslinks between polymer molecules. The crosslinked polymer molecules, or pre-gel aggregates, combine and grow to eventually form a 3-dimensional gel. A fundamental study to characterize the formation and growth of pre-gel aggregates was conducted. Two methods, flow field-flow fractionation (FFFF) and multi-angle laser light scattering (MALLS) were used. Studies using FFFF were inconclusive. Data taken using MALLS showed that at the gel time the average molar mass of gel aggregates increased by a factor of about three while the average size increase was approximately 50%. Increased acetate concentration in the gelant increases the gel time. The in situ performance of an added-acetate system was investigated to determine the applicability for in-depth treatments. Increased acetate concentrations delayed the development of increased flow resistance during gelant injection in short sandpacks. The development of increased flow resistance (in situ gelation) was extended from 2 to 34 days by increasing the acetate-to-chromium ratio from 38 to 153. In situ gelation occurred at a time that was approximately 22% of the bulk gelation time. When carbonate rocks are treated with gel, chromium retention in the rock may limit in-depth treatment. Chromium retention due to precipitation was investigated by flowing chromium acetate solutions through carbonate rock. Chromium precipitated faster in the rocks than in beaker experiments at similar conditions. A mathematical model previously developed fit the precipitation data reasonably well. The stability of gels when subjected to stress was investigated by experiments with gels placed in tubes and in laboratory-scale fractures. Rupture pressures for gels placed in small diameter tubes were correlated with the ratio of tube length to tube ID. In fractures, fluid leakoff from the fracture to adjacent matrix rock affected gel formation and gel stability in a positive way. Disproportionate permeability reduction (DPR) was studied in unconsolidated sandpacks and in Berea sandstone cores. A conceptual model was developed to explain the presence of DPR. The effect of a pressure gradient, imposed by injection of oil or brine, on the permeability of gel-treated cores was investigated. DPR increased significantly as the pressure gradient was decreased. The magnitude of the pressure gradient had a much larger effect on water permeability than on oil permeability.

G.P. Willhite; D.W. Green; C.S. McCool

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Increases in CO/sub 2/ and chlorofluoromethanes: coupled effects on stratospheric ozone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The magnitude of the chlorofluoromethane (CFM) induced depletion of the ozone layer is considered a key problem in atmospheric research. The historical rise in the atmospheric concentrations of CFCl/sub 3/, and CF/sub 2/Cl/sub 2/, the major CFM species, is well documented. Atmospheric CO/sub 2/ has also been increasing. Instead of depleting O/sub 3/, the expected effect of CO/sub 2/ is to increase its concentration. The simultaneous effects of these perturbations were studied. Results indicate that increases in CO/sub 2/ can significantly alter the predicted ozone trend. This will complicate efforts to detect the trend in O/sub 3/ caused by increases in CFM's. Since the calculated effects of these perturbations are largest at high altitudes, one might expect to detect changes in high altitude O/sub 3/ sooner than those in total O/sub 3/. Therefore a comparison was made between the calculated change in O/sub 3/ at high altitude and statistical detection limits for abnormal change as developed from Umkehr data from Arosa, Switzerland. Its significance for trend detection is discussed. Finally, since CO/sub 2/ effects will be important in the next 50 to 100 years, the effects of temperature changes from CO/sub 2/ increase on O/sub 3/ loss rates from different families were examined. Significant changes in the NO/sub x/-catalyzed ozone loss rates that have not previously been discussed were found. It is concluded that the O/sub 3/ decrease at steady state from the coupled CFM and CO/sub 2/ perturbation is larger than the decrease calculated by summing the separate effects of these perturbations. The expected increase in CO/sub 2/ can significantly affect predicted O/sub 3/ trends in the next 50 to 100 years. O/sub 3/ changes in Umkehr level 7 are more detectible, in a statistical sense, than those at higher levels. The temperature effect of CO/sub 2/ on the NO/sub x-catalyzed O/sub 3/ destruction rate was found to be as large or larger than the effect of temperature on the pure oxygen loss rate.

Penner, J.E.

1980-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

498

Zinc Deficiency Linked to Increased Risk of Less-Common Form of Esophageal  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

National Cancer Institute National Cancer Institute Journal of the NCI X-ray Microscopy Group Zinc Deficiency Linked to Increased Risk of Less-Common Form of Esophageal Cancer Researchers at the National Cancer Institute (NCI), part of the National Institutes of Health, using x-ray fluorescence spectroscopy at X-ray Operations and Research beamline 2-BM at the U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Photon Source have found that zinc deficiency in humans is associated with an increased risk of developing esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, an often-fatal form of esophageal cancer that has about 7,000 cases a year. NCI researchers used a novel approach to measure the concentration of zinc and other elements directly in the esophageal tissue. Their results, appearing in the February 15, 2005, Journal of the National

499

Microsoft Word - Gas Prices and Oil Consumption Would Increase Without Biofuels  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

For Immediate Release For Immediate Release June 11, 2008 202-586-4940 Fact Sheet: Gas Prices and Oil Consumption Would Increase Without Biofuels Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman and Secretary of Agriculture Edward T. Schafer sent a letter on June 11, 2008 to Senator Jeff Bingaman addressing a number of questions related to biofuels, food, and gasoline and diesel prices. The letter is available at http://www.energy.gov Without Biofuels, Gas Prices Would Increase $.20 to $.35 per Gallon. * The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) estimates that gasoline prices would be between 20 cents to 35 cents per gallon higher without ethanol 1 , a first-generation biofuel. * For a typical household, that means saving about $150 to $300 per year. * For the U.S. overall, this saves gas expenditures of $28 billion to $49 billion based on annual

500

Hot Air? When Government Support for Intermittent Renewable Technologies can Increase Emissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper analyzes the e¤ects of an intermittent technology on long-run incentives for investment in non-renewable electricity generation technologies. I …nd conditions under which supporting an intermittent technology may in fact increase carbon emissions. The variability of load usually determines the long run mix of generating technologies in a competitive electricity market. When there is a signi…cant amount of intermittent production the mix of other generating technologies is determined by the variability of net load (load net of intermittent output). Net load may be more variable than load itself if the intermittent output is not too positively correlated with load. This increase in variability results in a substitution away from baseload generating technologies towards peaking and intermediate technologies. If peaking and intermediate technologies are more carbon intensive than non-renewable "baseload " technologies, this substitution can more than o¤set the emission bene…ts derived from the output of the renewable technology. 1

Arthur Campbell

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z