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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "necessarily constitute control" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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1

Constitution Council on Student  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Constitution of the Council on Student Services Revised April 2008 #12;Constitution of the Council on Student Services (CSS) 2 Preamble Under the general provision of the University of Toronto protocols (approved by the Governing Council on October 24, 1996) regarding the student services fee

Boonstra, Rudy

2

AALTO UNIVERSITY FOUNDATION CONSTITUTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AALTO UNIVERSITY FOUNDATION CONSTITUTION Section 1. Name and domicile of the Foundation The Foundation shall be called Aalto-korkeakoulusäätiö (Swedish: Stiftelsen för Aaltohögskolan, English: Aalto University Foundation) and its domicile shall be the City of Helsinki. Section 2. Purpose of the Foundation

Kaski, Samuel

3

NJIT Student Senate Constitution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 NJIT Student Senate Constitution Last Amended: September 2013 TABLE OF CONTENTS Article I ­ Name as the Student Senate of the New Jersey Institute of Technology and may also be referred to as the NJIT Student Senate. ARTICLE II - PURPOSE AND DUTIES SECTION 1: In that The NJIT Student Senate is the only duly

Bieber, Michael

4

When Is a Beer Not a Beer: Iso-?-Acids Not Necessarily Proof of Ethanol Consumption?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......oup.com October 2014 letter Letter to the Editor When Is a Beer Not a Beer: Iso-alpha-Acids Not Necessarily Proof of Ethanol Consumption? Peter D. Maskell 1 * Paul S. Hughes 2 Dawn L. Maskell 3 * Author to whom correspondence should be addressed......

Peter D. Maskell; Paul S. Hughes; Dawn L. Maskell

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Functional Evaluation of a Novel Constitutive Promoter F1 of Bacillus pumilus, as a Rice Epiphytic Strain, and Construction of an Efficient Expression and Secretion System under the Control of F1  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To establish a constitutive, high-efficiency expression and secretion system for Bacillus pumilus, the function of a promoter and the abilities of three signal peptides in B. pumilus DX01 were tested. F1, cloned ...

Xiaobo Sun; Yunpeng Chen; Cuirong Wu; Guangxiao Yang; Bin Guo

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Constitution And Bylaws | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Constitution And Bylaws | National Nuclear Security Administration Constitution And Bylaws | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Constitution And Bylaws Home > About Us > Our Locations > Albuquerque Complex > Federal Asian Pacific American Council - New Mexico Chapter Albuquerque, NM > Constitution And Bylaws Constitution And Bylaws

7

Constitutionality of the Rome Statute in Ukraine.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Acceptance of the Rome Statute poses a number of problems under domestic law; particularly ratification of this document raises issues of constitutional compatibility. The main (more)

Bykova, Ganna

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

2006 Mercury Control Technology Conference Proceedings  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mercury Control Technology Conference Mercury Control Technology Conference December 11-13, 2006 Table of Contents Disclaimer Papers and Presentations Introduction Sorbent Injection By-Product Characterization/Management Mercury Oxidation and Co-Removal with FGD Systems Other Mercury Control Technology Panel Discussions Posters New 2006 Phase III Mercury Field Testing Projects Sorbent Injection Pretreatment of Coal Oxidation of Mercury Environmental Studies on Mercury Mercury in CUBs Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government or any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. The views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof.

9

NETL: Conference Proceedings - 2007 Mercury Control Technology Conference  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2007 Mercury Control Technology Conference 2007 Mercury Control Technology Conference December 11-13, 2007 Table of Contents Disclaimer Papers and Presentations Overview Sorbent Injection Panel Discussion #1: Sorbents for Mercury Control Mercury Oxidaton and Co-Removal with FGD Systems By-Product Characterization/Management Panel Discussion #2: Mercury Measurements / CEMS Other Mercury Control Technology Panel Discussion #3: Non-Sorbent Mercury Control Poster Presentations Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government or any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. The views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof.

10

Constitution Constitution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

12 Councils of Unions IV 10 District Councils IV 8 Elections XI 32 General Vice-Presidents XII 36.III 54 Business Agent B.III 55 Charter B.I 48 Duties of Officers B.III 50 Elections B.II 49 Executive) The promotion of peace and freedom in the world, and the cooperation with free and democratic labour movements

Warkentin, Ian G.

11

Book Reviews BOOK REVIEWS published in this section reflect the opinions of their individual authors. They are not necessarily the opinions of the Editors of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Book Reviews BOOK REVIEWS published in this section reflect the opinions of their individual authors. They are not necessarily the opinions of the Editors of this journal or of AIAA. Ten Chapters

12

CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS FIRE DEPARTMENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of lives, and the protection of property endangered by fires and other disasters, and to promote the teaching and practice of fire prevention and protection. ARTICLE II Section 1. The OfficersSAMPLE CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS OF THE FIRE DEPARTMENT WHEREAS, Certain laws and regulations

13

The author(s) is solely responsible for the content of this technical presentation. The technical presentation does not necessarily reflect the official position of ASAE, and its printing and distribution does not constitute an endorsement of views  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The author(s) is solely responsible for the content of this technical presentation. The technical Assistant Field Engineer (1) Agricultural & Biological Engineering Dept Purdue University West Lafayette. Keywords: Air quality, air pollution, environment, pig house, ventilation, temperature #12;2 INTRODUCTION

Ni, Jiqin "Jee-Chin"

14

Identify Institutional Change Rules, Roles, and Tools Constituting...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Identify Institutional Change Rules, Roles, and Tools Constituting Context for Sustainability Identify Institutional Change Rules, Roles, and Tools Constituting Context for...

15

Mechanism of constitution liquid film migration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Liquid film migration (LFM) in liquid phase sintering classically involves a large metastable liquid volume adjacent to solid, and migration occurs at an isolated solid-liquid (S-L) interface. Constitutional liquid film migration (CLFM), discovered in alloy 718, has major characteristics similar to those of LFM, except that the metastable liquid is from the constitutional liquation of precipitates on the grain boundary. The similarity between LFM and CLFM has led to the theory that coherency lattice strain responsible for LFM is also responsible for CLFM. The coherency strain hypothesis was tested in this study by evaluating whether the Hillert model of LFM would also apply for CLFM. Experimental results of CLFM in alloy 718 showed that migration velocity followed the trend predicted by the Hillert model. This indicates that the coherency strain hypothesis of LFM also applies for CLFM and that the coherency lattice strain responsible for LFM is also the driving force for CLFM.

NONE

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

DOE/NETL's Mercury Control Technology R&D Program Review  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

DOE/NETL's Mercury Control Technology R&D Program Review DOE/NETL's Mercury Control Technology R&D Program Review July 14-15, 2004 Table of Contents Disclaimer Papers and Presentations Program Review Overview Sorbent Injection Research Panel Discussion: Sorbent Injection for Hg Control Mercury Control Technology R&D I Poster Session Mercury Control Technology R&D II By-Product Characterization Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government or any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. The views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof.

17

2004 Conference on Reburning for NOX Control Reburning on Trial  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2004 Conf. on Reburning for NOx Control Reburning on Trial 2004 Conf. on Reburning for NOx Control Reburning on Trial May 18, 2004 Table of Contents Disclaimer Papers and Presentations Reburning Overview Commercial Reburning Experience Biomass Reburning Other Applications of Reburning Posters Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government or any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. The views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof.

18

A continuum constitutive model for amorphous metallic materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A finite-deformation, Coulomb-Mohr type constitutive theory for the elastic-viscoplastic response of pressure-sensitive and plastically-dilatant isotropic materials has been developed. The constitutive model has been ...

Su, Cheng, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

A constitutive equation for stratospheric balloon materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The selection of a suitable material for use as a reliable stratospheric balloon gas barrier and structural component is based on a variety of properties. Due to a more desirable combination of properties, the low density polyethylene that has been used for the last half century has been replaced during the last decade by linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE). This paper describes the effort to characterize the time dependent properties of a 38 micron coextrusion of LLDPE. The nonlinear viscoelastic constitutive equation presented may be used to accurately describe the creep and/or relaxation of this film when subjected to a biaxial state of stress, such as might be required for an extended balloon flight. Recent laboratory data have been used to modify an existing model of LLDPE to account for differences caused by the coextrusion process. The new model will facilitate structural design optimization and reliability assessment, and may be further utilized as a predictive tool to benefit in-flight operations. Current structural analysis techniques based on linear elastic properties have predicted stresses in excess of those which would actually exist.

J.L. Rand; W.J. Sterling

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

NETL: Hg Control – The Effects on By-products: What Do We Know and Where  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hg Control – The Effects on By-products: Hg Control – The Effects on By-products: What Do We Know and Where Do We Go? Table of Contents Foreword Disclaimer Papers and Presentations Introductions Field Demonstrations Laboratory Studies Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government or any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. The views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "necessarily constitute control" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

The constitutive behaviour of strong cohesive particulate gels in compression  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A simple and popular constitutive model used to describe the compressional strength of a consolidating strongly cohesive particulate gel is tested further with new experimental data.

A. A. Aziz; R. Buscall; R. de Kretzer; M. Kristjansson; P. J. Scales; A. D. Stickland; H-E Teo; S. P. Usher

2014-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

22

Expert Meeting: Recommended Approaches to Humidity Control in High Performance Homes  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Meeting: Meeting: Recommended Approaches to Humidity Control in High Performance Homes Armin Rudd Building Science Corporation (BSC) July 2013 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government. Neither the United States government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, subcontractors, or affiliated partners makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement,

23

Student Senate Constitution and Bylaws Table of Contents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Student Senate Constitution and Bylaws Table of Contents Student Government Overview 2 Constitution of Wittenberg University Student Government 2 ARTICLE I: Name 2 ARTICLE II: Charge 2 ARTICLE III: Mission 3 ARTICLE IV: Officers of Student Senate 3 ARTICLE V: Student Senate Committees 10 ARTICLE VI

Bogaerts, Steven

24

What (Economic) Constitution Does the EU Need ? Janvier 2007  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

What (Economic) Constitution Does the EU Need ? N° 2007-04 Janvier 2007 Eloi Laurent OFCE-FNSP eloi2014 #12;2 What (Economic) Constitution Does the EU Need? * ?loi Laurent (OFCE/FNSP)1 Jacques Le in this debate by identifying what is essentially wrong with the economic provisions of the EUT, which we

Boyer, Edmond

25

AFRICAN AMERICAN AFFINITY GROUP ARTICLES OF THE CONSTITUTION & BYLAWS  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFRICAN AMERICAN AFFINITY GROUP AFRICAN AMERICAN AFFINITY GROUP ARTICLES OF THE CONSTITUTION & BYLAWS Date: May 22, 2012 African-American Affinity Group AFRICAN AMERICAN AFFINITY GROUP ARTICLES OF THE CONSTITUTION - 2 - Revised and accepted May 22, 2012 ARTICLES OF THE CONSTITUTION ARTICLE I - NAME SECTION 1 The name of the Organization is the "African -American Affinity Group" (AAAG). ARTICLE II - MISSION SECTION 1 The African-American Affinity Group (AAAG) exists to provide a forum where employees and guests can promote awareness of the Black, African, African-American and Caribbean cultures, share professional insights, acquire information and provide leadership on their careers and work

26

Constitutive modeling of creep of single crystal superalloys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work, a constitutive theory is developed, within the context of continuum mechanics, to describe the creep deformation of single crystal superalloys. The con- stitutive model that is developed here is based on the fact that as bodies deform...

Prasad, Sharat Chand

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

27

Evaluation of potential crushed-salt constitutive models  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Constitutive models describing the deformation of crushed salt are presented in this report. Ten constitutive models with potential to describe the phenomenological and micromechanical processes for crushed salt were selected from a literature search. Three of these ten constitutive models, termed Sjaardema-Krieg, Zeuch, and Spiers models, were adopted as candidate constitutive models. The candidate constitutive models were generalized in a consistent manner to three-dimensional states of stress and modified to include the effects of temperature, grain size, and moisture content. A database including hydrostatic consolidation and shear consolidation tests conducted on Waste Isolation Pilot Plant and southeastern New Mexico salt was used to determine material parameters for the candidate constitutive models. Nonlinear least-squares model fitting to data from the hydrostatic consolidation tests, the shear consolidation tests, and a combination of the shear and hydrostatic tests produces three sets of material parameter values for the candidate models. The change in material parameter values from test group to test group indicates the empirical nature of the models. To evaluate the predictive capability of the candidate models, each parameter value set was used to predict each of the tests in the database. Based on the fitting statistics and the ability of the models to predict the test data, the Spiers model appeared to perform slightly better than the other two candidate models. The work reported here is a first-of-its kind evaluation of constitutive models for reconsolidation of crushed salt. Questions remain to be answered. Deficiencies in models and databases are identified and recommendations for future work are made. 85 refs.

Callahan, G.D.; Loken, M.C.; Sambeek, L.L. Van; Chen, R.; Pfeifle, T.W.; Nieland, J.D. [RE/SPEC Inc., Rapid City, SD (United States); Hansen, F.D. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Repository Isolation Systems Dept.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Deviatoric constitutive model: domain of strain rate validity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A case is made for using an enhanced methodology in determining the parameters that appear in a deviatoric constitutive model. Predictability rests on our ability to solve a properly posed initial boundary value problem (IBVP), which incorporates an accurate reflection of material constitutive behavior. That reflection is provided through the constitutive model. Moreover, the constitutive model is required for mathematical closure of the IBVP. Common practice in the shock physics community is to divide the Cauchy tensor into spherical and deviatoric parts, and to develop separate models for spherical and deviatoric constitutive response. Our focus shall be on the Cauchy deviator and deviatoric constitutive behavior. Discussions related to the spherical part of the Cauchy tensor are reserved for another time. A number of deviatoric constitutive models have been developed for utilization in the solution of IBVPs that are of interest to those working in the field of shock physics, e.g. All of these models are phenomenological and contain a number of parameters that must be determined in light of experimental data. The methodology employed in determining these parameters dictates the loading regime over which the model can be expected to be accurate. The focus of this paper is the methodology employed in determining model parameters and the consequences of that methodology as it relates to the domain of strain rate validity. We shall begin by describing the methodology that is typically employed. We shall discuss limitations imposed upon predictive capability by the typically employed methodology. We shall propose a modification to the typically employed methodology that significantly extends the domain of strain rate validity.

Zocher, Marvin A [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

SIGNA1 URE OF THIS MEMORANDUM CONSTITUTES A RECORD OF Till DECISION.  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

SIGNA1 URE OF THIS MEMORANDUM CONSTITUTES A RECORD OF Till DECISION. SIGNA1 URE OF THIS MEMORANDUM CONSTITUTES A RECORD OF Till DECISION. NEPA Compliance Officer Signature: NEPA Compliance ()I iccr Page 1 of 2 PAC- lea U.S. DEPAR.TALENT OF ENERG Y EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NEPA DE TERI\ ITNATION RECIPIENT:Columbia Gorge Community College STATE: OR PROJECT' TITLE : Columbia Gorge Community College Wind Energy Workforce Training Nacelle Funding Opportunity Announcement Number Procurement Instrument Number NEPA Control Number CID Number na-Congressionally Directed Project DE-EE0000320 GFO-10-009 0 Based on my review of the information concerning the proposed action, as NEPA Compliance Officer (authorized under DOE Order 451.1A), I have made the Wowing determination: CX, EA, EIS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description: A9 Information gathering (including, but not limited to, literature surveys, inventories, audits), data analysis (including

30

Identify Institutional Change Rules, Roles, and Tools Constituting Context  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Identify Institutional Change Rules, Roles, and Tools Constituting Identify Institutional Change Rules, Roles, and Tools Constituting Context for Sustainability Identify Institutional Change Rules, Roles, and Tools Constituting Context for Sustainability October 8, 2013 - 11:43am Addthis Graphic showing 5 gears. They progress from Determine Goal to Identify Context-Rules, Roles and Tools to Develop Action Plan to Implement Plan to Measure and Evaluate. Institutional Change Continuous Improvement Cycle After determining your agency's institutional change sustainability goals, the next step is to analyze the context within which these goals are to be achieved. Start by identifying the organizational rules, roles, and tools that shape the current context and may influence success in achieving these goals. Identifying the linkages among rules, roles, and tools and how they

31

Constitutive models for rubber networks undergoing simultaneous crosslinking and scission.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Constitutive models for chemically reacting networks are formulated based on a generalization of the independent network hypothesis. These models account for the coupling between chemical reaction and strain histories, and have been tested by comparison with microscopic molecular dynamics simulations. An essential feature of these models is the introduction of stress transfer functions that describe the interdependence between crosslinks formed and broken at various strains. Efforts are underway to implement these constitutive models into the finite element code Adagio. Preliminary results are shown that illustrate the effects of changing crosslinking and scission rates and history.

Thompson, Aidan Patrick; Curro, John G.; Rottach, Dana R. (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Grest, Gary Stephen; Budzien, Joanne L.; Lo, David Chi S.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Constitution of Illinois No. 6 Argonne Premium Coal: A Review  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Constitution of Illinois No. 6 Argonne Premium Coal: A Review ... The aromatic moieties present in coal structures have been characterized using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR),(9-13) X-ray diffraction (XRD),(14) high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM),(15-18) and ruthenium ion catalyzed oxidation (RICO). ...

Fidel Castro-Marcano; Jonathan P. Mathews

2011-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

33

The Constitution of Christian Communal Boundaries and Spheres in Jordan  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 The Constitution of Christian Communal Boundaries and Spheres in Jordan Géraldine Chatelard districts (Ajlun, Salt, and Karak) east of the Jordan River in villages and towns. There were few Christians of the province of Syria, the Greek Orthodox church, to which all Christians East of the Jordan river were

Boyer, Edmond

34

Non-linear constitutive modeling of ferroelectrics Chad M. Landis *  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

including sonar, MEMS devices, fuel injectors for high efficiency-low emission diesel engines, actuators Engineering and Materials Science, MS 321, Rice University, P.O. Box 1892, Houston, TX 77251-1892, USA a fundamental coupling between the electrical and mechanical fields in these materials, and constitutive models

35

CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS OF THE UMBC FREEDOM ALLIANCE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS OF THE UMBC FREEDOM ALLIANCE UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND, BALTIMORE COUNTY BALTIMORE, MD 21250-0001 Preamble The UMBC Freedom Alliance is under the sponsorship of the Office of Student Life and the University of Maryland Baltimore County. The Freedom Alliance of the University

Maryland, Baltimore County, University of

36

Constitutional Reform in Alabama: Why Efforts for Change Continue to Fail .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Alabama has been governed by the same constitutional document for one hundred thirteen years. The document is outdated and it is also the longest constitution (more)

Hartley, Rebecca

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

A phenomenological multi-axial constitutive law for switching in polycrystalline ferroelectric ceramics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A phenomenological multi-axial constitutive law for switching in polycrystalline ferroelectric; accepted 30 January 2002 Abstract A phenomenological constitutive law for ferroelectric switching due

38

Wall Adhesion and Constitutive Modelling of Strong Colloidal Gels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wall adhesion effects during batch sedimentation of strongly flocculated colloidal gels are commonly assumed to be negligible. In this study in-situ measurements of colloidal gel rheology and solids volume fraction distribution suggest the contrary, where significant wall adhesion effects are observed in a 110mm diameter settling column. We develop and validate a mathematical model for the equilibrium stress state in the presence of wall adhesion under both viscoplastic and viscoelastic constitutive models. These formulations highlight fundamental issues regarding the constitutive modeling of colloidal gels, specifically the relative utility and validity of viscoplastic and viscoelastic rheological models under arbitrary tensorial loadings. The developed model is validated against experimental data, which points toward a novel method to estimate the shear and compressive yield strength of strongly flocculated colloidal gels from a series of equilibrium solids volume fraction profiles over various column widths.

Daniel R. Lester; Richard Buscall; Anthony D. Stickland; Peter J. Scales

2013-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

39

Towards a Lasting Peace in Nepal: The Constitutional Issues  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Dean of Kathmandu School of Law, Kathmandu, and counsel for Hari Nepal and Ganesh Pandit, 21 October 2004. 42 Article 127 of the 1990 Constitution of Nepal. stage on whether the king's interpretation and use of Article 127 was defensible. Due... of a general election; and ? a government formed after restoration of the parliament elected in 1999: the king or the Supreme Court could restore parliament, although neither seems willing. This option was seen as a partisan measure that brings...

International Crisis Group

2005-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

40

Freedom's Law: The Moral Reading of the American Constitution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as legitimate, such as the Court's protection of abortion rights on the strength of historical con siderations, become open to question. It is indicative of the problems Dworkin's theory faces that they seem to dog him even in his successful criticisms... tutional interpretation and applies it to some of the most controversial constitutional issues of the last twenty years, including abortion, affirma tive action, pornography, hate speech, gay rights, euthanasia, and free speech. Although each...

Himma, Kenneth Einar

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "necessarily constitute control" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Republic of South Africa Constitution Act 110 of 1983 To introduce a new constitution for the Republic of South Africa and to provide for matters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Republic of South Africa Constitution Act 110 of 1983 ACT To introduce a new constitution for the Republic of South Africa and to provide for matters incidental thereto. (English text signed by the State; and ARE DESIROUS OF GIVING THE REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA A CONSTITUTION which provides for elected and responsible

Sheridan, Jennifer

42

Slag Behavior in Gasifiers. Part II: Constitutive Modeling of Slag  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The viscosity of slag and the thermal conductivity of ash deposits are among two of the most important constitutive parameters that need to be studied. The accurate formulation or representations of the (transport) properties of coal present a special challenge of modeling efforts in computational fluid dynamics applications. Studies have indicated that slag viscosity must be within a certain range of temperatures for tapping and the membrane wall to be accessible, for example, between 1,300 C and 1,500 C, the viscosity is approximately 25 Pas. As the operating temperature decreases, the slag cools and solid crystals begin to form. Since slag behaves as a non-linear fluid, we discuss the constitutive modeling of slag and the important parameters that must be studied. We propose a new constitutive model, where the stress tensor not only has a yield stress part, but it also has a viscous part with a shear rate dependency of the viscosity, along with temperature and concentration dependency, while allowing for the possibility of the normal stress effects. In Part I, we reviewed, identify and discuss the key coal ash properties and the operating conditions impacting slag behavior.

Massoudi, Mehrdad [National Energy Technology Laboratory; Wang, Ping

2013-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

43

Constitutive relationships for elastic deformation of clay rock: Data Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Geological repositories have been considered a feasible option worldwide for storing high-level nuclear waste. Clay rock is one of the rock types under consideration for such purposes, because of its favorable features to prevent radionuclide transport from the repository. Coupled hydromechanical processes have an important impact on the performance of a clay repository, and establishing constitutive relationships for modeling such processes are essential. In this study, we propose several constitutive relationships for elastic deformation in indurated clay rocks based on three recently developed concepts. First, when applying Hooke's law in clay rocks, true strain (rock volume change divided by the current rock volume), rather than engineering strain (rock volume change divided by unstressed rock volume), should be used, except when the degree of deformation is very small. In the latter case, the two strains will be practically identical. Second, because of its inherent heterogeneity, clay rock can be divided into two parts, a hard part and a soft part, with the hard part subject to a relatively small degree of deformation compared with the soft part. Third, for swelling rock like clay, effective stress needs to be generalized to include an additional term resulting from the swelling process. To evaluate our theoretical development, we analyze uniaxial test data for core samples of Opalinus clay and laboratory measurements of single fractures within macro-cracked Callovo-Oxfordian argillite samples subject to both confinement and water reduced swelling. The results from this evaluation indicate that our constitutive relationships can adequately represent the data and explain the related observations.

Liu, H.H.; Rutqvist, J.; Birkholzer, J.T.

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

44

Making American: Constitutive Rhetoric in the Cold War  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, claiming that his behavior was directly opposed to everything America stood for. At the heart of so much of the rhetorical bullying was this idea of ?American.? Nobody could decide what it meant or who had the most of it. Was it more American... Rhetoric Reconsidered: Constitutive Paradoxes in G.W. Bush?s Iraq War Speeches.? Zagacki focuses on the idea of ?prophetic dualism? that he claims guided Bush?s rhetoric to the American people in an attempt to create identification between Americans...

Thorpe, Martha

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

45

Constituting Atoms of a $?$ Algebra via Its Generator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

To constitute atoms of a $\\sigma$ algebra is not a easy task due to the large number of its elements. However, determining them via generators seems a feasible and simple way since most $\\sigma$ algebras are generated by their smaller proper subsets. Precisely, under some conditions each atom of a $\\sigma$ algebra equals the intersection of the elements containing a point of the atom in the generator. In this paper, a very weak sufficient condition for determining atoms by the generator is presented. The condition, though not being a necessary one, is shown to be almost the weakest one in the sense that it can hardly be improved.

Jinshan Zhang

2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

46

Large Deformation Constitutive Laws for Isotropic Thermoelastic Materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We examine the approximations made in using Hooke's law as a constitutive relation for an isotropic thermoelastic material subjected to large deformation by calculating the stress evolution equation from the free energy. For a general thermoelastic material, we employ the volume-preserving part of the deformation gradient to facilitate volumetric/shear strain decompositions of the free energy, its first derivatives (the Cauchy stress and entropy), and its second derivatives (the specific heat, Grueneisen tensor, and elasticity tensor). Specializing to isotropic materials, we calculate these constitutive quantities more explicitly. For deformations with limited shear strain, but possibly large changes in volume, we show that the differential equations for the stress components involve new terms in addition to the traditional Hooke's law terms. These new terms are of the same order in the shear strain as the objective derivative terms needed for frame indifference; unless the latter terms are negligible, the former cannot be neglected. We also demonstrate that accounting for the new terms requires that the deformation gradient be included as a field variable

Plohr, Bradley J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Plohr, Jeeyeon N. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

47

Laboratory investigation of constitutive property up-scaling in volcanic tuffs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the critical issues facing the Yucca Mountain site characterization and performance assessment programs is the manner in which property up-scaling is addressed. Property up-scaling becomes an issue whenever heterogeneous media properties are measured at one scale but applied at another. A research program has been established to challenge current understanding of property up-scaling with the aim of developing and testing improved models that describe up-scaling behavior in a quantitative manner. Up-scaling of constitutive rock properties is investigated through physical experimentation involving the collection of suites of gas-permeability data measured over a range of discrete scales. To date, up-scaling studies have been performed on a series of tuff and sandstone (used as experimental controls) blocks. Samples include a welded, anisotropic tuff (Tiva Canyon Member of the Paintbrush Tuff, upper cliff microstratigraphic unit), and a moderately welded tuff (Tiva Canyon Member of the Paintbrush Tuff, Caprock microstratigraphic unit). A massive fluvial sandstone (Berea Sandstone) was also investigated as a means of evaluating the experimental program and to provide a point of comparison for the tuff data. Because unsaturated flow is of prime interest to the Yucca Mountain Program, scoping studies aimed at investigating the up-scaling of hydraulic properties under various saturated conditions were performed to compliment these studies of intrinsic permeability. These studies focused on matrix sorptivity, a constitutive property quantifying the capillarity of a porous medium. 113 refs.

Tidwell, V.C. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Geohydrology Dept.

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

The constitutive equations for an electrochemically polarizable medium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

or in time. The general expression for the constitutive equations in these media may then be given by Fi(E(r, t), B(r, t), D(r, t), H(r, t), E(r, t), B(r, t), D(r, t}, H(r, t). . . )K; i=1. . . , , 6 (41) where the dependence on hi~~r order time... equations for a semi-conducting electrochsndcally polarizable medium ~ (49) (50) 26 F2(E(r, t), B(r, t), K(r, t), H(r, t)) = B -u H = 0 (51) where &, u, and & are the permittivity, perma&ility and conductivity of the medium respectively, written...

Benavidez, Alberto

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

49

Mechanical tests for validation of seismic isolation elastomer constitutive models  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High damping laminated elastomeric bearings are becoming the preferred device for seismic isolation of large buildings and structures, such as nuclear power plants. The key component of these bearings is a filled natural rubber elastomer. This material exhibits nonlinear behavior within the normal design range. The material damping cannot be classified as either viscous or hysteritic, but it seems to fall somewhere in between. This paper describes a series of tests that can be used to characterize the mechanical response of these elastomers. The tests are designed to determine the behavior of the elastomer in the time scale of the earthquake, which is typically from 30 to 60 seconds. The test results provide data for use in determining the material parameters associated with nonlinear constitutive models. 4 refs.

Kulak, R.F.; Hughes, T.H.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Mechanical tests for validation of seismic isolation elastomer constitutive models  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High damping laminated elastomeric bearings are becoming the preferred device for seismic isolation of large buildings and structures, such as nuclear power plants. The key component of these bearings is a filled natural rubber elastomer. This material exhibits nonlinear behavior within the normal design range. The material damping cannot be classified as either viscous or hysteritic, but it seems to fall somewhere in between. This paper describes a series of tests that can be used to characterize the mechanical response of these elastomers. The tests are designed to determine the behavior of the elastomer in the time scale of the earthquake, which is typically from 30 to 60 seconds. The test results provide data for use in determining the material parameters associated with nonlinear constitutive models. 4 refs.

Kulak, R.F.; Hughes, T.H.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Notice: Although this work was reviewed by EPA and approved for publication, it may not necessarily reflect official Agency policy. Mention of trade names or commercial products does not constitute endorsement or recommendation by EPA for use. 1130dc06SF-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MEXICO ARIZONA CALIFORNIA TEXAS SONORA CHIHUAHUA COAHUILA DURANGO SINALOA ZACATECAS TAMAULIPAS NUEVO LE?N Las Palomas Ciudad Juárez Sunland Park California-Baja California Arizona-Sonora New Mexico-Texas-Chihuahua

52

Wnt5aRorDishevelled signaling constitutes a core developmental pathway that controls tissue morphogenesis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...org/cgi/content/short/1200421109 4 of 5 100 Mr(K) Mr(K)50 W T M EF W nt5A-/-M EF + W T M EF conditioned m edia Dvl2 P-Dvl2-tubulin W nt5A-/-M EF A Dvl2 P-Dvl2-tubulin W T M EFW nt5A-/-M EF 100 50 WT and Wnt5a-/cells are...

Hsin-Yi Henry Ho; Michael W. Susman; Jay B. Bikoff; Yun Kyoung Ryu; Andrea M. Jonas; Linda Hu; Rejji Kuruvilla; Michael Eldon Greenberg

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Constitutional problems concerning admission to institutions of higher educationquestions relevant to a German-American comparison  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The growing relevance of constitutional law for problems of access to higher education became particularly clear through the Numerus-Clausus decisions of the German Federal Constitutional Court...

Ulrich Karpen

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

A Marxian Reconstruction of the Theory of Currency and the Functions of Money Constituting it*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 A Marxian Reconstruction of the Theory of Currency and the Functions of Money Constituting it of the Theory of Currency and the Functions of Money Constituting it I. Introduction Marx (1859, 1867) was the first economist to conceptualise money as a necessary unfolding of the commodity-form of the product

55

A Review of the Constitution of Iraq Yash Ghai and Jill Cottrell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 A Review of the Constitution of Iraq Yash Ghai and Jill Cottrell I Introduction On 28 August 2005 the Draft Constitution of Iraq was read to the members of the Transitional National Assembly (TNA). A few sharpen even further the divisions within Iraq and pose a serious threat to the unity and territorial

Sheridan, Jennifer

56

SIGNATURE OF THIS MEMORANDUM CONSTITUTES A RECORD OF THIS DECISION.  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NEPA Compliance Officer Signature: Date: A.) 1 /7/ 9 Page 1 of 2 PMC*EF2a U.S. DEPART1, LENT OF FNFRGY EERF PROJECT MAN AG EMENT CENTER NEPA DE TEM\ IINATION RECIPIENT:QM Power, Inc. STATE: MO PROJECT TITLE : Advanced High Power Density Permanent Magnet Wind Generators Funding Opportunity Announcement Number Procurement Instrument Number NEPA Control Number CID Number DE-PS36-09G099009 DE-EE0001 373 GFO-10-007 0 Based on my review of the information concerning the proposed action, as NEPA Compliance Officer (authorized under DOE Order 451.IA), I have made the following determination: CX, EA, EIS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description: A9 Information gathering (including, but not limited to, literature surveys, inventories, audits), data analysis (including computer modeling), document preparation (such as conceptual design or feasibility studies, analytical energy supply

57

SIGNATURE OF THIS MEMORANDUM CONSTITUTES A RECORD OF THIS DECISION.  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

-*_ -*_ NEPA Compliance Officer Signature: Date: Page 1 of 2 11.1C.Ena U.S, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY it): EERE: PROJECT MAN AG EMEN . 1 CENTER NEPA DE TERI\ ILNATION RECIPIENT:Honeywell International Inc., Honeywell Laboratories - ACS STATE: MN PROJECT TITLE : Condition Based Monitoring for Wind Farms Funding Opportunity Announcement Number Procurement Instrument Number NEPA Control Number CID Number DE-PS36-09G099009 DE-EE0001368.000 GFO-10-006 0 Based on my review of the information concerning the proposed action, as NEPA Compliance Officer (authorized under DOE Order 451.IA), I have made the following determination: CX, EA, EIS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description: A9 Information gathering (including, but not limited to, literature surveys, inventories, audits), data analysis (including

58

Formation of algae growth constitutive relations for improved algae modeling.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This SAND report summarizes research conducted as a part of a two year Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project to improve our abilities to model algal cultivation. Algae-based biofuels have generated much excitement due to their potentially large oil yield from relatively small land use and without interfering with the food or water supply. Algae mitigate atmospheric CO2 through metabolism. Efficient production of algal biofuels could reduce dependence on foreign oil by providing a domestic renewable energy source. Important factors controlling algal productivity include temperature, nutrient concentrations, salinity, pH, and the light-to-biomass conversion rate. Computational models allow for inexpensive predictions of algae growth kinetics in these non-ideal conditions for various bioreactor sizes and geometries without the need for multiple expensive measurement setups. However, these models need to be calibrated for each algal strain. In this work, we conduct a parametric study of key marine algae strains and apply the findings to a computational model.

Gharagozloo, Patricia E.; Drewry, Jessica L.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Avoiding the mistreatment of bad risks in a democracy: Universal Health Insurance from a constitutional perspective  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper examines the concept that social insurance for medical care may represent a kind of constitutional choice. The long-term stability of the U.S. Medicare program indicates that such programs are rarel...

Mark V. Pauly

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Essential Regulation of Cell Bioenergetics by Constitutive InsP3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Essential Regulation of Cell Bioenergetics by Constitutive InsP3 Receptor Ca2+ Transfer in main- taining cellular bioenergetics. Macroautophagy provides eukaryotes with an adaptive response+ is fundamentally required to provide optimal bioenergetics by providing sufficient reducing equiv- alents

Parker, Ian

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "necessarily constitute control" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Analysis of passive cardiac constitutive laws for parameter estimation using 3D tagged MRI  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An unresolved issue in patient-specific models of cardiac mechanics is the choice of an appropriate constitutive law, able to accurately capture the passive behavior of the myocardium, while still having uniqu...

Myrianthi Hadjicharalambous

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Constitutive modeling of the finite deformation behavior of membranes possessing a triangulated networked microstructure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many biological, natural and synthetic materials possess a networked or micro-truss-like microstructure. In this thesis work, a general microstructurally-informed continuum level constitutive model of the large stretch ...

Arslan, Melis

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced constitutive equations Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Collection: Materials Science 51 WELDING AND WELD REPAIR OF SINGLE CRYSTAL GAS TURBINE ALLOYS J. M. Vitek, S. A. David, and S. S. Babu Summary: is based on constitutional...

64

A Continuum Coupled Moisture-mechanical Constitutive Model for Asphalt Concrete  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

constitutive relationships are implemented in the Pavement Analysis using Nonlinear Damage Approach (PANDA) finite element (FE) package to model the moisture damage effect on the complex environmental-mechanical response of asphalt concrete. The developed...

Shakiba, Maryam

2013-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

65

Numerical implementation of shape memory alloy (SMA) constitutive response and structural analysis of active composites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , . B. 3. Stresses B. 4. Incremental Constitutive Relationship . B. 5. Principle of Virtual Work B. 6. Finite Element Formulation of Equilibrium Equations . . . . B. 7. Final Equations . 116 116 117 117 118 120 122 VITA 126 LIST OF TABLES... of Active Composites. (December 1995) Muhammad Abu Bakar Siddiq Qidwai, B. S. , Middle East Technical University Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Dimittis C. Lagoudas Numerical implementation of the thermomechanical constitutive response of shape memory...

Qidwai, Muhammad Abu Bakar Siddiq

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

66

Constitutive model effects on finite element modeling of elastomer behavior in radial interference seal configurations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONSTITUTIVE MODEL EFFECTS ON FINITE ELEMENT MODELING OF ELASTOMER BEHAVIOR IN RADIAL INTERFERENCE SEAL CONFIGURATIONS A Thesis by JASON R. JACKSON Subnutted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1996 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering CONSTITUTIVE MODEL EFFECTS ON FINITE ELEMENT MODELING OF ELASTOMER BEHAVIOR IN RADIAL INTERFERENCE SEAL CONFIGURATIONS A Thesis by JASON R. JACKSON...

Jackson, Jason R.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Application of current unified viscoplastic constitutive models to Hastelloy X at elevated temperatures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

APPLICATION OF CURRENT UNIFIED VISCOPLASTIC CONSTITUTIVE MODELS TO HASTELLOY X AT ELEVATED TEMPERATURES A Thesis by LISA DIANE MCCREA Submi. tted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1990 Major Subject: Aerospace Engineering, APPLICATION OF CURRENT UNIFIED VISCOPLASTIC CONSTITUTIVE MODELS TO HASTELLOY X AT ELEVATED TEMPERATURES A Thesis by LISA DIANE MCCREA Approued...

McCrea, Lisa Diane

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Connecting fractional anisotropy from medical images with mechanical anisotropy of a hyperviscoelastic fibre-reinforced constitutive model for brain tissue  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...fibre-reinforced constitutive model for brain tissue Chiara Giordano Svein Kleiven e-mail...Technology-KTH, , Huddinge 141 52, Sweden Brain tissue modelling has been an active area of research for years. Brain matter does not follow the constitutive...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Determination of simple constitutive models for borosilicate glass using penetration-velocity data from ballistic experiments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Constitutive models for brittle materials such as glass can be very complex as they are dependent on strains, strain rates, pressures, temperatures, damage and other parameters. There may also be significant (pressure-dependent) strength after failure such that the constitutive response is much different for intact material and failed material. A large number of laboratory tests is required to develop a comprehensive constitutive model. Another approach is to develop simple models by using penetration-velocity data obtained from ballistic experiments. Here various functional forms of simple models (with a limited number of constants) can be used to (computationally) match the penetration velocity over a range of impact velocities. This allows for the determination of the most important parameters and it provides an approximation of the stresses that occur during penetration. This article presents several simple computational models for borosilicate glass, including single-state models and dual-state models (that include an intact strength and a failed strength)

Johnson, G. R.; Holmquist, T. J. [Southwest Research Institute, 5353 Wayzata Blvd., Minneapolis, MN 55416 (United States)

2007-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

70

Excerpts from the FAPAC Constitution and Bylaws Modified and Adopted by  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Excerpts from the FAPAC Constitution and Bylaws Modified and Adopted by Excerpts from the FAPAC Constitution and Bylaws Modified and Adopted by FAPAC-NM | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Excerpts from the FAPAC Constitution and Bylaws Modified and Adopted by FAPAC-NM Home > About Us > Our Locations > Albuquerque Complex > Federal Asian

71

Constitutive modeling of the visco-plastic response of Hastelloy-X and aluminum alloy 8009  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The viscoplastic behavior of advanced, high temperature, metallic alloys is characterized using the Bodner Partom unified constitutive model. Material parameters for both Hastelloy-X and Aluminum alloy 8009 are obtained for this model. The Bodner-Partom constitutive model is summarized, and a detailed approach for determining the model parameters from experimental data is reviewed. Experimental methods for obtaining the mechanical test data are described. Bodner-Partom model parameters are determined from data obtained in uniaxial, isothermal, monotonic tension or compression tests and isothermal creep tests. Model predictions from the parameters determined are generated and compared to experimental data.

Rowley, M.A.; Thornton, E.A. [Univ. of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

AEIN is funded under a $9.3 million grant from the U.S. Department of Education. The ideas and opinions expressed here do not necessarily reflect the policies of the U.S. Department of Education or endorsement by the Federal Government. Our network collea  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AEIN is funded under a $9.3 million grant from the U.S. Department of Education. The ideas and opinions expressed here do not necessarily reflect the policies of the U.S. Department of Education and displayed career posters in common area Assembled alumni biographies Attended career fair field trip

Pantaleone, Jim

73

Constitutive modeling of void shearing effect in ductile fracture of porous materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

* Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Room 5 to describe plastic deformation for such type of materials. It has attracted a great deal of attention and various modifications to this model have been proposed. The constitutive equations of Gur- son-like model

Xue, Liang

74

Ligand Specificity of Constitutive Androstane Receptor as Probed by Induced-Fit Docking and Mutagenesis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Constitutive androstane receptor (CAR, NR1I3) belongs to the nuclear receptor family of transcription factors and acts as a chemical sensor of drugs and endogenous compounds. The ligand-binding preferences of CAR are diverse, and more importantly, there ...

Susanna Repo; Johanna Jyrkkrinne; Juha T. Pulkkinen; Reino Laatikainen; Paavo Honkakoski; Mark S. Johnson

2008-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

75

Dear Colleague, Spine related disorders, including disc disease, stenosis, neck and back pain, constitute the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, constitute the majority of referrals to the neurosurgical service in Nova Scotia. Many patients currently, only then to be told that surgery is not appropriate for them and have a Pain Clinic referral initiated of spine referrals, so as to more quickly see your patients for whom surgery may be necessary or beneficial

Brownstone, Rob

76

A SLIPPERY SLOPE: HOW MUCH GLOBAL WARMING CONSTITUTES "DANGEROUS ANTHROPOGENIC INTERFERENCE"?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A SLIPPERY SLOPE: HOW MUCH GLOBAL WARMING CONSTITUTES "DANGEROUS ANTHROPOGENIC INTERFERENCE on the global warming that can be tolerated without risking dangerous anthropogenic interference with climate. I" mainly as a metaphor for the danger posed by global warming. So I changed "Hell" to "disaster." What

Hansen, James E.

77

Une architecture oriente service Web pour la constitution de mini-cubes SOLAP pour  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

mobile com- puting, Web service, service-oriented architecture. Revue internationale de géomatique ­ XUne architecture orientée service Web pour la constitution de mini-cubes SOLAP pour clients mobiles sur les architectures orientées services et les technologies des services Web, pour adapter les cubes

78

PHYSICAL NATURE OF SHEAR BANDS FORMATION AND CONSTITUTIVE MODELLING FOR PLASTIC INSTABILITY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

697 PHYSICAL NATURE OF SHEAR BANDS FORMATION AND CONSTITUTIVE MODELLING FOR PLASTIC INSTABILITYtokrzyska 21,00-049 Warsaw,Poland Revue Phys. Appl. 23 (1988) 697 AVRIL 1988, Studies of plastic deformation dependent hardening property can be pivotal in the modelling for plastic deform- ation instability

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

79

INTRODUCTION This assessment constitutes the technical evaluation of the biological and physical  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 INTRODUCTION This assessment constitutes the technical evaluation of the biological and physical. The primary purpose of the assessment is to bring together and synthesize technical information so that it can completed will be reviewed and adopted as part of the Northwest Power and Conservation Council's Columbia

80

Official Constitution and Bylaws of the Saskatoon Engineering Students' Society Inc.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and services. (d) To support the initiatives of student groups within the engineering community. (e) To provideOfficial Constitution and Bylaws of the Saskatoon Engineering Students' Society Inc. Article I Definition of the Society Section 1 Name 1.1 The name of the organization shall be "The Saskatoon Engineering

Saskatchewan, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "necessarily constitute control" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Extracting Constitutive Stress-Strain Behavior of Microscopic Phases by Micropillar Compression  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The manuscript describes how micropillar compression technique can be used to perform uniaxial compression tests within individual grains so as to generate local-scale constitutive behavior which, otherwise cannot be ascertained from the conventional macroscale compression test techniques. The manuscript uses steel and magnesium alloys as an example. A portion of the magnesium work was performed at PNNL.

Williams, J. J.; Walters, Jennifer; Wang, Mingyue; Chawla, N.; Rohatgi, Aashish

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Comparison of constitutive laws on the modeling of thermo-viscoplastic behaviour of an aluminum alloy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comparison of constitutive laws on the modeling of thermo-viscoplastic behaviour of an aluminum.guines@insa-rennes.fr, d email: shdgj@sdu.edu.cn Keywords: Hardening law; Aluminum alloy; Flow stress; Temperature; Strain, the innovative lightweight materials, such as aluminum alloys, have been widely adopted in the automotive

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

83

The 1994 Net Ban Constitutional Amendment: a case study of marine fisheries management in Florida  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On November 8, 1994 the Florida electorate voted 2,876,091 to 1,135,110 in favor of proposed amendment #3 to the state constitution. The amendment effectively reallocated the state's nearshore fisheries to predominantly recreational "hook and line...

Grimes, Shepherd Russell

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Constitutive parameter identification of 3D printing material based on the virtual fields method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In recent years, 3D printing technology has grown rapidly, and also has shown the great potential to be utilized in different fields. The identification of the constitutive parameters of materials fabricated by 3D printing is very important for product designing and technique selection. In this paper, a constitutive parameter identification method for 3D printing materials combining the integrated deformation carriers with the virtual fields method (VFM) is presented. The experimental process consists of three steps: fabricating the specimen with integrated deformation carriers by 3D printing; measuring the deformation fields by a full-field optical method; identifying the constitutive parameters by VFM. In the first step, the design method of the integrated deformation carriers is described in detail. Serving as a practice of the above process, a bending specimen with integrated deformation carriers was manufactured by the stereolithography technique, and the orthotropic constitutive parameters of this specimen at different temperatures were identified. The successful experimental results verify the feasibility of the proposed method, and show its advantages on aspects of high efficiency and easy processing as well.

Xianglu Dai; Huimin Xie

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Sub-constitutional dialogues of national recognition: a comparative study of Quebec-Canada and Catalonia-Spain.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis provides a comparative analysis of two recent sub-constitutional acts of recognition extended by the Canadian and Spanish governments towards Quebec and Catalonia, respectively. (more)

Gunn, Alexander

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Pinning impulsive control algorithms for complex network  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, we further investigate the synchronization of complex dynamical network via pinning control in which a selection of nodes are controlled at discrete times. Different from most existing work, the pinning control algorithms utilize only the impulsive signals at discrete time instants, which may greatly improve the communication channel efficiency and reduce control cost. Two classes of algorithms are designed, one for strongly connected complex network and another for non-strongly connected complex network. It is suggested that in the strongly connected network with suitable coupling strength, a single controller at any one of the network's nodes can always pin the network to its homogeneous solution. In the non-strongly connected case, the location and minimum number of nodes needed to pin the network are determined by the Frobenius normal form of the coupling matrix. In addition, the coupling matrix is not necessarily symmetric or irreducible. Illustrative examples are then given to validate the proposed pinning impulsive control algorithms.

Sun, Wen [School of Information and Mathematics, Yangtze University, Jingzhou 434023 (China)] [School of Information and Mathematics, Yangtze University, Jingzhou 434023 (China); L, Jinhu [Academy of Mathematics and Systems Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China)] [Academy of Mathematics and Systems Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Chen, Shihua [College of Mathematics and Statistics, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072 (China)] [College of Mathematics and Statistics, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072 (China); Yu, Xinghuo [School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, RMIT University, Melbourne VIC 3001 (Australia)] [School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, RMIT University, Melbourne VIC 3001 (Australia)

2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

87

Building America Expert Meeting Final Report: Multifamily Hydronic and Steam Heating Controls and Distribution Retrofits  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Hydronic Hydronic Heating in Multifamily Buildings Jordan Dentz The ARIES Collaborative October 2011 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government. Neither the United States government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation,

88

Can the Abraham Light Momentum and Energy in a Medium Constitute a Lorentz Four-Vector?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

By analyzing the Einstein-box thought experiment with the principle of relativity, it is shown that Abraham's light momentum and energy in a medium cannot constitute a Lorentz four-vector, and they consequentially break global momentum and energy conservation laws. In contrast, Minkowski's momentum and energy always constitute a Lorentz four-vector no matter whether in a medium or in vacuum, and the Minkowski's momentum is the unique correct light momentum. A momentum-associated photon mass in a medium is exposed, which explains why only the Abraham's momentum is derived in the traditional "center-of-mass-energy" approach. The EM boundary-condition matching approach, combined with Einstein light-quantum hypothesis, is proposed to analyze this thought experiment, and it is found for the first time that only from Maxwell equations without resort to the relativity, the correctness of light momentum definitions cannot be identified. Optical pulling effect is studied as well.

Changbiao Wang

2014-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

89

Covariant Hysteretic Constitutive Theory for Maxwell's equations: Application to Axially Rotating Media  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper explores a class of non-linear constitutive relations for materials with memory in the framework of covariant macroscopic Maxwell theory. Based on earlier models for the response of hysteretic ferromagnetic materials to prescribed slowly varying magnetic background fields, generalized models are explored that are applicable to accelerating hysteretic magneto-electric substances coupled self-consistently to Maxwell fields. Using a parameterized model consistent with experimental data for a particular material that exhibits purely ferroelectric hysteresis when at rest in a slowly varying electric field, a constitutive model is constructed that permits a numerical analysis of its response to a driven harmonic electromagnetic field in a rectangular cavity. This response is then contrasted with its predicted response when set in uniform rotary motion in the cavity.

Alison C. Hale; Robin W. Tucker

2013-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

90

Constitutive model of creep in polycrystalline halite based on workhardening and recovery  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A multimechanism constitutive model of creep has been developed which incorporates the workhardening and recovery transient creep behavior. This model has been applied to the creep of polycrystalline halite. The specific application of the model is in the calculation of the closure of underground rooms in layered salt deposits. Through the use of finite element calculations, this model, with appropriate laboratory material parameters and a Tresca flow potential, has predicted the measured closure of a number of large in situ experimental rooms.

Munson, D.E.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Book Review: Freedom's Law: The Moral Reading of the American Constitution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as legitimate, such as the Court's protection of abortion rights on the strength of historical con siderations, become open to question. It is indicative of the problems Dworkin's theory faces that they seem to dog him even in his successful criticisms... of consti tutional interpretation and applies it to some of the most controversial constitutional issues of the last twenty years, including abortion, affirma tive action, pornography, hate speech, gay rights, euthanasia, and free speech. Although each...

Beyer, Jason A.

92

On the electromagnetic constitutive laws that are equivalent to spacetime metrics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The raising of both indices in the components of the Minkowski electromagnetic field strength 2-form to give the components of the electromagnetic excitation bivector field can be regarded as being equivalent to an electromagnetic constitutive law, as well as being defined by the components of the spacetime metric. This notion is clarified, and the nature of the equivalent dielectric tensors and magnetic permeability tensors that are defined by some common spacetime metrics is discussed. The relationship of the basic construction to effective metrics is discussed, and, in particular, the fact that this effective metric is more general than the Gordon metric.

D. H. Delphenich

2014-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

93

Exact controllability of a piezoelectric body. Theory and numerical simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that a coupled elastic­electric control acting on the whole boundary of the body drives the system to rest after made of a material whose constitutive law introduces an elasticity-electricity coupling. We show control alone. Key words: Piezo-electricity, Exact boundary controllability, Finite element approxima

Sart, Remi

94

An Analysis of the Supreme Courts Reliance on Racial 'Stigma' as a Constitutional Concept in Affirmative Action Cases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This article addresses one of the asserted costs of affirmative action: stigmatization. The article offers structure to the debate over the definition and constitutional significance of the concept of stigmatization in the affirmative action...

Halaby, Andrew F.; McAllister, Stephen R.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Breast Tissue Parameter Identification for a Nonlinear Constitutive Model Petr Jordan, Amy E. Kerdok, Simona Socrate, Robert D. Howe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Breast Tissue Parameter Identification for a Nonlinear Constitutive Model Petr Jordan, Amy E modulus, bulk modulus, prestretch, locking stretch, and relative permeability), we solve the inverse, locking stretch, and bulk modulus increase while the relative permeability decreases with pathological

96

Development of an uncoupled, viscoplastic constitutive model for cyclic plasticity of Hastelloy-X at high temperature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DEVELOPMENT OF AN UNCOUPLED, VISCOPLASTIC CONSTITUTIVE MODEL FOR CYCLIC PLASTICITY OF HASTELLOY-X AT HIGH TEMPERATURE A Thesis Submitted to the Graduate School of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1983 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering DEVELOPMENT OF AN UNCOUPLED, VISCOPLASTIC CONSTITUTIVE MODEL FOR CYCLIC PLASTICITY OF HASTELLOY-X AT HIGH TEMPERATURE A Thesis by SHIK HUNG YUEN Approved as to style and content by...

Yuen, Shik Hung

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Implementation and Evaluation of the Virtual Fields Method: Determining Constitutive Model Parameters From Full-Field Deformation Data.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Virtual Fields Method (VFM) is an inverse method for constitutive model parameter identication that relies on full-eld experimental measurements of displacements. VFM is an alternative to standard approaches that require several experiments of simple geometries to calibrate a constitutive model. VFM is one of several techniques that use full-eld exper- imental data, including Finite Element Method Updating (FEMU) techniques, but VFM is computationally fast, not requiring iterative FEM analyses. This report describes the im- plementation and evaluation of VFM primarily for nite-deformation plasticity constitutive models. VFM was successfully implemented in MATLAB and evaluated using simulated FEM data that included representative experimental noise found in the Digital Image Cor- relation (DIC) optical technique that provides full-eld displacement measurements. VFM was able to identify constitutive model parameters for the BCJ plasticity model even in the presence of simulated DIC noise, demonstrating VFM as a viable alternative inverse method. Further research is required before VFM can be adopted as a standard method for constitu- tive model parameter identication, but this study is a foundation for ongoing research at Sandia for improving constitutive model calibration.

Kramer, Sharlotte Lorraine Bolyard; Scherzinger, William M.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Two Cooperating Helices Constitute the Lipid-binding Domain of the Bacterial SRP Receptor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Protein targeting by the bacterial signal recognition particle requires the specific interaction of the signal recognition particle (SRP)ribosomenascent chain complex with FtsY, the bacterial SRP receptor. Although FtsY in Escherichia coli lacks a transmembrane domain, the membrane-bound FtsY displays many features of an integral membrane protein. Our data reveal that it is the cooperative action of two lipid-binding helices that allows this unusually strong membrane contact. Helix I comprises the first 14 amino acids of FtsY and the second is located at the interface between the A- and the N-domain of FtsY. We show by site-directed cross-linking and binding assays that both helices bind to negatively charged phospholipids, with a preference for phosphatidyl glycerol. Despite the strong lipid binding, helix I does not seem to be completely inserted into the lipid phase, but appears to be oriented parallel with the membrane surface. The two helices together with the connecting linker constitute an independently folded domain, which maintains its lipid binding even in the absence of the conserved NG-core of FtsY. In summary, our data reveal that the two consecutive lipid-binding helices of FtsY can provide a membrane contact that does not differ significantly in stability from that provided by a transmembrane domain. This explains why the bacterial SRP receptor does not require an integral ?-subunit for membrane binding.

David Braig; Constance Br; Jrg-Oliver Thumfart; Hans-Georg Koch

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Identification of an advanced constitutive model of Magnesium alloy AZ31B  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The main aim of this paper is to study the flow behavior of the AZ31B magnesium alloy by means of tensile tests performed in extended ranges of temperature and strain rates. The flow stress-strain curves analyzed by power law type constitutive equation can only fit well with experimental curves at the work-hardening stage. A new mathematical model is studied to describe the softening behavior of material based on tensile experiments. The relative parameters are obtained by fitting the equation with the experimental data. The genetic algorithm has been used to obtain the global optimal fitting parameters. The comparison between the fitted and experimental data proves the effectiveness of the model. The results indicate that this model leads to a better simulation of the flow stress during the softening stage than that of the power law equation. Based on this model, the deep drawing process has been simulated with the commercial finite element code FORGE registered. The punch load and thickness distribution of AZ31 sheet have been studied. The study of the results is helpful to the application of the stamping technology for the magnesium alloy sheet.

Liu, Z. G.; Massoni, E. [CEMEF, Centre de Mise en Forme des Materiaux, Ecole Nationale Superieure des Mines de Paris 1, rue Claude Daunesse, BP 207, 06904, Sophia-Antipolis Cedex (France)

2011-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

100

Equation of State and Constitutive Models for Numerical Simulations of Dust Impacts on the Solar Probe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This report presents new EOS and strength models for use in numerical hydrocode simulations of dust impacts on the NASA solar probe space vehicle. This spacecraft will be subjected to impact at velocities up to 300 km/s, producing pressures as high as 100 TPa and temperatures as high as 200 eV. Hence the material models must treat a variety of physical and chemical phenomena, including solid-solid transitions, melting and vaporization, chemical reactions, electronic excitation and ionization. The EOSPro code is used to develop tabular EOS that include these effects. The report discusses the theoretical methods used to create the new EOS tables and constitutive models for six materials--Al2O3, two porous carbon materials, fused SiO2, a silicone elastomer, and germanium--which will be used in the thermal protection shield (TPS) and solar cells, the components most vulnerable to dust impacts. It also presents the results of hydrocode simulations of dust impacts on the TPS and on glass targets. It discusses the i...

Kerley, Gerald I

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "necessarily constitute control" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Nonlinear Optimal Control of Plate Structures Using Magnetostrictive Actuators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, magnetostriction, nonlinear control, optimal control 1. Introduction Smart materials offer several advantages over material structures. Although this method can be applied to a variety of smart material systems with implementing these materials is determining how to compensate for nonlinear and hysteretic constitutive

102

Constitutive Expression of a High-Affinity Sulfate Transporter in Indian Mustard Affects Metal Tolerance and Accumulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a gene that confers enhanced metal translocation or tolerance. TOXIC METALS and metalloids of heavy metals there is an increased demand for reduced S compounds like GSH and PCs, and genes involvedConstitutive Expression of a High-Affinity Sulfate Transporter in Indian Mustard Affects Metal

103

A confluence of new technology and the right to water: experience and potential from South Africa's constitution and commons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

South Africa's groundbreaking constitution explicitly confers a right of access to sufficient water (section 27). But the country is officially `water-stressed' and around 10 % of the population still has no access to on-site or off-site piped or tap ... Keywords: Commons, Human rights, IWRM, Property, Telemetry

Nathan Cooper; Andrew Swan; David Townend

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Debt bad, surplus good, right? Not necessarily, economists say  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

agree that the U.S. has a high amount of debt relative to its gross domestic product and must do percent under George H.W. Bush and 84 percent under George W. Bush. President Obama has overseen another

Belogay, Eugene A.

105

Working Paper Series - Views not necessarily those of EIA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

role of financial speculators in influencing oil prices, a question that lies at the heart of this debate -- how oil futures trading is related to spot oil prices - remains...

106

Working Paper Series - Views not necessarily those of EIA  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

November 19, 2014; contact author(s): Elizabeth Sendich, Reviewers: Vipin Arora, Kay Smith, Peter Gross Global Natural Gas Overview: A Report Prepared by Leidos, Inc., Under...

107

Wenk, H.-R. and Bulakh, A. Minerals: Their Constitution and Origin.:  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...in any discussion of igneous or crystalline basement rocks. Nick Petford's excellent paper examines the controls on the development...between earth and life can be properly understood. G. M. GADD Merritt, J.W., Auton, C.A., Connell, E.R., Hall, A...

I. Parsons

108

Hover Flight Control of a Small Helicopter Using Robust Backstepping and PID  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a small scale unmanned autonomous helicopter under the vertical and horizontal wind gusts using feedback wind gusts. The outer loop (position control) employs robust backstepping controller to control (UAVs), unmanned autonomous helicopters constitute one of the most versatile and agile platforms

Pota, Himanshu Roy

109

Constitution of the MIT Solar Electric Vehicle Team We, the workers of the Solar Electric Vehicle Team, in order to form a more  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Constitution of the MIT Solar Electric Vehicle Team 1 PURPOSE We, the workers of the Solar Electric the blessings of fast Solar Cars to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the Solar Electric Vehicle Team of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (henceforth "TFP"). 2

Williams, Brian C.

110

AVESTAR® - Control  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Control Control AVESTAR control system efforts are focused on development of computational approaches for simulation and advanced controls for energy systems. Power generation technologies are growing more sophisticated and require control strategies and systems to be updated to allow plant owners to take full advantage of their increased capabilities. A well designed control system can provide the ability to hit and maintain setpoints without oscillation for optimum power plant operation. Implementation of complex control systems developed through advanced computational approaches will increase efficiency and reduce emissions. The AVESTAR team is focusing on the following three areas of process control research: 1) Plant-wide control system design, 2) Advanced regulatory control, and 3) Advanced process control. Process control models, methods, and tools are developed and applied to a wide variety of energy systems ranging from smart plant to smart grid.

111

Constitutional Implications of Regional CO2 Cap-and-Trade Programs: The Northeast Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative as a Case in Point  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the purchase of out-of- RGGI electricity generating CO 2CONSTITUTIONAL IMPLICATIONS OF RGGI "(i) to study state andGas Initiative, About RGGI, http://www.rggi. org/about (last

Funk, William

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Two- and Three-Dimensional Microstructural Modeling of Asphalt Particulate Composite Materials using a Unified Viscoelastic-Viscoplastic-Viscodamage Constitutive Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The main objective of this study is to develop and validate a framework for microstructural modeling of asphalt composite materials using a coupled thermo-viscoelastic, thermo-viscoplastic, and thermo-viscodamage constitutive model. In addition...

You, Taesun

2013-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

113

A new nonlinear ''reconstructive'' control approach applied to the axial xenon oscillation problem in PWRs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The concept of dynamic equilibrium of control in conjunction with a proportional corrector constitutes the structure of the new control technique. The controller utilizes direct measurements and model- based state estimations in the feedback loop. The method includes recovering unanticipated parametric variations or partially unknown dynamics. An application of this approach to the axial xenon oscillation problem of PWRs was considered. A two-point xenon oscillation model was used in designing the controller and testing it through simulations. 6 refs., 8 figs.

Berkan, R.C.; Upadhyaya, B.R.; Perez, R.B.; Kisner, R.A.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Nonlinear model-based control of two-phase flow in risers by feedback linearization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

conditions at offshore oilfields. The slugging flow constitutes an unstable and highly nonlinear system and flow rates (Storkaas (2005), Storkaas and Skogestad (2007)). The oscillatory flow condition in offshore disturbances or plant changes. We aim to find a robust control solution for anti-slug control systems

Skogestad, Sigurd

115

GDI+ Controls  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Owner-drawn controls...are one of the most ambitious projects a developer can undertake. This is not because they are conceptually tricky, but because a moderately sophisticated control needs a great...

Matthew MacDonald

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Project Controls  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Project controls are systems used to plan, schedule, budget, and measure the performance of a project/program. The cost estimation package is one of the documents that is used to establish the baseline for project controls. This chapter gives a brief description of project controls and the role the cost estimation package plays.

1997-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

117

Constitution of Expression Vectors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Yeast can be grown rapidly and to high cell density on simple media compared with the growth of mammalian cells, and it can be easily manipulated, as is E. coli. Yeast-based gene expression systems have other ben...

Hiromichi Kumagai

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Institutional Controls  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Institutional Controls Institutional Controls Many major Federal laws (e.g., Atomic Energy Act (AEA), Resource Conservation Recovery Act (RCRA), Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA)), Executive Orders, regulations and various other drivers influence the use of institutional controls at DOE sites. Some drivers directly authorize or require the use of institutional controls, while others do not. DOE also uses institutional controls when no specific statutory requirement exists to supplement active remediation, pollution control, public and resource protection, and physical security, or to bolster the integrity of engineered remedies. DOE and its predecessor agencies have conducted activities for over 50 years, using land ownership and access control, environmental monitoring and surveillance, and other tools to support protection efforts at operational and inactive facilities, including radioactive waste burial grounds.

119

Load Control  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Visualization and Controls Peer Review Visualization and Controls Peer Review Load Control for System Reliability and Measurement-Based Stability Assessment Dan Trudnowski, PhD, PE Montana Tech Butte, MT 59701 dtrudnowski@mtech.edu 406-496-4681 October 2006 2 Presentation Outline * Introduction - Goals, Enabling technologies, Overview * Load Control - Activities, Status * Stability Assessment - Activities, Status * Wrap up - Related activities, Staff 3 Goals * Research and develop technologies to improve T&D reliability * Technologies - Real-time load control methodologies - Measurement-based stability-assessment 4 Enabling Technologies * Load control enabled by GridWise technology (e.g. PNNL's GridFriendly appliance) * Real-time stability assessment enabled by Phasor Measurement (PMU) technology 5 Project Overview * Time line: April 18, 2006 thru April 17, 2008

120

Controlling Fleas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Control An integrated flea control program includes good sanitation and treatment of the pet and environment. You can eliminate fleas from your home with proper treatment, but it may take time, especially if the infes- tation is heavy. Sanitation. Change... of an integrated flea control program for your home. Don?t wait until fleas get out of hand. Begin your flea control program early for best results. Start a fre- quent and thorough sanitation program, regularly inspect your pet for fleas, carefully follow...

Merchant, Michael E.; Robinson, James V.

2006-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "necessarily constitute control" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Analysis from robust control under environment constraint: application for traffic model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Traffic management solutions are increasingly called for to address problems of transport and mobility and nowadays, even to address the environmental impact. Traffic control uses strategies to reduce bottlenecks, travel time and costs. Although it is usually assumed that an improved traffic flow will result in lower vehicle emissions, little scientific research has been done concerning the effects of traffic control on emissions. Moreover, because changes in traffic flow do not necessarily influence travel times, noise and air quality in the same way, there is a clear need for a combined approach. The main idea was to apply control strategy on the road under the assumption of ensuring fluid traffic flow. In the following the gas emissions were evaluated as results of this regulation procedure. The proposed control approach is based on non-integer robust methodology. The chosen study case is a macroscopic traffic flow model.

Milka Uzunova; Mohamed Djemai

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

ALL REQUIREMENTS ARE SUBJECT TO POSSIBLE MODIFICATIONS Do the job responsibilities require specific certification or licensure, constitute or potential exposure to hazardous  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

certification or licensure, constitute or potential exposure to hazardous biological or chemical substances that best describes the requirements of the position. Light work (Lifting approximately 20 pounds that best describe the overall physical/environmental conditions of the position's work location. Subject

123

Optimal control strategy for greenhouse lettuce: Incorporating supplemental lighting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Lettuce constitutes an important part of greenhouse production and much research has been devoted to investigating appropriate control strategies for that crop. In particular, recent studies have been concerned with avoiding high nitrate content of the harvested crop. This paper supplements previous studies by developing optimal control rules for the application of artificial light (when justified). It utilizes an existing lettuce model, Nicolet, in conjunction with a simple greenhouse model, to explore the control possibilities for hydroponic greenhouses where plant spacing is constant and marketing is limited by quota. Optimal control theory is used to solve the problem. It is shown that the optimal policy for the control of temperature and nitrate supply is unaffected by adding light control. Supplemental lighting starts when the crop coverage of the ground reaches a certain level and then increases continuously up to the installed capacity, if justified. Numerical simulations are used to illustrate this behaviour.

Ilya Ioslovich

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Radiological Control  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DOE-STD-1098-2008 October 2008 DOE STANDARD RADIOLOGICAL CONTROL U.S. Department of Energy AREA SAFT Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. ii DOE-STD-1098-2008 This document is available on the Department of Energy Technical Standards Program Website at http://www.standards.doe.gov/ DOE-STD-1098-2008 Radiological Control DOE Policy October 2008 iii Foreword The Department of Energy (DOE) has developed this Standard to assist line managers in meeting their responsibilities for implementing occupational radiological control programs. DOE has established regulatory requirements for occupational radiation protection in Title 10 of the Code of Federal

125

ACCESS CONTROL  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

TERMS/DEFINITIONS FROM DOE M 470.4-7 TERMS/DEFINITIONS FROM DOE M 470.4-7 ACCESS CONTROL. The process of permitting access or denying access to information, facilities, nuclear materials, resources, or designated security areas. ACCESS CONTROL MEASURES. Hardware and software features, physical controls, operating procedures, administrative procedures, and various combinations of these designed to detect or prevent unauthorized access to classified information; special nuclear materials; Government property; automated information systems, facilities, or materials; or areas containing the above and to enforce use of these measures to protect Departmental security and property interests. CRITICAL PATH SCENARIO. An adversary-based scenario that is generated during the conduct of a vulnerability assessment and accounts for adversary tactics that

126

Radiological Control  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DOE-STD-1098-2008 October 2008 ------------------------------------- Change Notice 1 May 2009 DOE STANDARD RADIOLOGICAL CONTROL U.S. Department of Energy SAFT Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. DOE-STD-1098-2008 ii This document is available on the Department of Energy Technical Standards Program Website at http://www.standards.doe.gov/ iii DOE-STD-1098-2008 Change Notice 1: DOE-STD-1098-2008, Radiological Control Standard Section/page/paragraph Change Section 211, page 2-3, paragraph 1 Add new paragraph 1: "Approval by the appropriate Secretarial Officer or designee should be required

127

A 7-Level Single DC Source Cascaded H-Bridge Multilevel Inverters Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

vehicles or hybrid electric vehicles where each phase of the inverter can be implemented using only HE electric vehicles (EV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV) currently seem to constitute, the motor drive, comprising the electric motor, the power converter, and the electronic controller

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

128

Nonlinear model-based control of two-phase flow in risers by feedback linearization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

conditions at offshore oilfields. The slugging flow constitutes an unstable and highly nonlinear system systems, stabilizing control. 1. INTRODUCTION The oscillatory flow condition in offshore multi systems tend to become unstable after some time, because of large inflow disturbances or plant changes

Skogestad, Sigurd

129

Combustion Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

using a liquid fuel. The air and fuel valve designs are vastly different, with different flow characteristics. These factors make the initial adjustment of the system difficult, and proper maintenance of ratio accuracy unlikely. Linked valves... casing of the fuel control regulator with the combustion air piping. The upstream pressure on the burner air orifice is applied to the main diaphragm of the pressure balanced regulator. Assuming sufficient gas pressure at the regulator inlet...

Riccardi, R. C.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Heliostat control  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An improvement in a system and method of controlling heliostat in which the heliostat is operable in azimuth and elevation by respective stepper motors and including the respective steps or means for calculating the position for the heliostat to be at a commanded position, determining the number of steps in azimuth and elevation for each respective motor to get to the commanded position and energizing both the azimuth and elevation stepper motors to run in parallel until predetermined number of steps away from the closest commanded position in azimuth and elevation so that the closest position has been achieved, and thereafter energizing only the remaining motor to bring it to its commanded position. In this way, the heliostat can be started from a stowed position in the morning and operated by a computer means to its commanded position and kept correctly oriented throughout the day using only the time of the day without requiring the usual sensors and feedback apparatus. A computer, or microprocessor, can then control a plurality of many heliostats easily and efficiently throughout the day.

Kaehler, James A. (Littleton, CO)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Heliostat control  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An improvement in a system and method of controlling heliostat in which the heliostat is operable in azimuth and elevation by respective stepper motors and including the respective steps or means for calculating the position for the heliostat to be at a commanded position, determining the number of steps in azimuth and elevation for each respective motor to get to the commanded position and energizing both the azimuth and elevation stepper motors to run in parallel until predetermined number of steps away from the closest commanded position in azimuth and elevation so that the closest position has been achieved, and thereafter energizing only the remaining motor to bring it to its commanded position. In this way, the heliostat can be started from a stowed position in the morning and operated by a computer means to its commanded position and kept correctly oriented throughout the day using only the time of the day without requiring the usual sensors and feedback apparatus. A computer, or microprocessor, can then control a plurality of many heliostats easily and efficiently throughout the day.

Kaehler, J.A.

1984-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

132

Lighting Group: Controls: Advanced Digital Controls  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Advanced Digital Controls Advanced Digital Controls HPCBS Advanced Digital Controls Objective The goal of this project is to hasten the adoption of digital lighting control systems to allow commercial building operators to optimize the neergy performance of their lighting systems, implement demand responsive control, and improve occupant comfort and productivity. The specific objectives are as follows: (1) Advance the adoption of digital lighting control systems by working with industry to embed IBECS technology into existing analog control and DALI products, and by developing compelling demonstrations of digital control systems for evaluation by early adopters. (2) In collaboration with equipment manufacturers, produce digital lighting system prototypes that demonstrate the advantages of digitally controlled lighting systems to innovative property managers and other energy stakeholders. A digitally controlled lighting system consists of lights that are individually controllable via a network. The advantages of digital control are:

133

A thermo-mechanical large deformation constitutive model for polymers based on material network description: Application to a semi-crystalline polyamide 66  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A visco-hyperelastic constitutive model, based on an original approach initially developed by (Billon, 2012) and applied to amorphous rubbery polymers for a one-dimensional formalism, was extended in this study to three-dimensional constitutive equations based on a thermodynamic framework. The model was applied to a semi-crystalline polyamide polymer, PA66. The experiments included tension and shear testing coupled with synchronized digital image correlation and infrared measurements device for capturing the time, temperature, and stress state dependence, as well as the complex thermomechanical coupling exhibited by the material under large deformation. A notion of equivalent strain rate (based on the timetemperature principle superposition) was also introduced to show its capability to build master curves and therefore decrease the number of testing needed to build a material database. The model is based on the Edward Vilgis theory (1986) and accounts for chains network reorganization under external loading through the introduction of an evolution equation for the internal state variable, ? , representing the degree of mobility of entanglement points. The model accounting for the equivalent strain rate notion was calibrated using master curves. The thermomechanical model agreed well with the experimental mechanical and temperature measurements under tension and shear conditions. The approach developed in this study may open a different way to model the polymer behavior.

A. Maurel-Pantel; E. Baquet; J. Bikard; J.L. Bouvard; N. Billon

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Controlled Synthesis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

lUU lUU iIII---11111 q o m Controlled Synthesis of Polyenes by Catalytic Methods Progress Report for the period 12/01/92 - 11/30/93 Richard R. Schrock Five papers have appeared in the last year (see list at end), numbers 225,229, 233, 236, and 240. The living cyclopolymerization of dipropargyl derivatives has been reported for diethyl dipropargylmalonate (X = C(CO2Et)2; Scheme I; #225). We have found that c_ addition and [3 addition take place approximately to an equivalent degree, on the basis of the 13C NMR chemical shift for the quaternary carbon atom in the five or si×-membered ring, and in the presence of ethylene have isolated a molecule that contains a si×-membered ring that is formed when ethylene cleaves the cyclized species from the metal in a chain transfer-like reaction. On this basis also we can say that the polymer prepared from this monomer using classical catalysts contain

135

Thermal Control & System Integration  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The thermal control and system integration activity focuses on issues such as the integration of motor and power control technologies and the development of advanced thermal control technologies....

136

Minimizing control variation in nonlinear optimal control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In any real system, changing the control signal from one value to another will usually cause wear and tear on the system's actuators. Thus, when designing a control law, it is important to consider not just predicted system performance, but also the ... Keywords: Constrained optimal control, Nonlinear optimization, Optimal control computation, Total variation

Ryan Loxton; Qun Lin; Kok Lay Teo

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Biodegradation of phenoxyacetic acid in soil by pseudomonas putida PP0301(PR0103), a constitutive degrader of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetate  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The efficacy of using genetically engineered microbes (GEMs) to degrade recalcitrant environmental toxicants was demonstrated by the application of Pseudomonas putida PP0301(pR0103) to an Oregon agricultural soil amended with 500 microg/g of a model xenobiotic, phenoxyacetic acid (PAA). P. putida PP0301(pR0103) is a constitutive degrader of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetate (2,4-D) and is also active on the non-inducing substrate, PAA. In unamended soil, survival of the plasmid-free parental strain P. putida PP0301 was similar to the survival of the GEM strain P. putida PP0301(pR103). However, in PAA amended soil, survival of the parent strain was over 10,000-fold lower (<3 colony forming units per gram of soil) than survival of the GEM strain after 39 days.

Short, K.A.; King, R.J.; Seidler, R.J.; Olsen, R.H.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Simplified Approach to Implementing Controlled-Unitary Operations in a Two-Qubit System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce a scheme for realizing arbitrary controlled-unitary operations in a two qubit system. If the 2 \\times 2 unitary matrix is special unitary (has unit determinant), the controlled-unitary gate operation can be realized in a single pulse operation. The pulse, in our scheme, will constitute varying one of the parameters of the system between an arbitrarily maximum and a "calculated" minimum value. This parameter will constitute the variable parameter of the system while the other parameters, which include the coupling between the two qubits, will be treated as fixed parameters. The values of the parameters are what we solve for using our approach in order to realize an arbitrary controlled-unitary operation. We further show that the computational complexity of the operation is no greater than that required for a Controlled-NOT (CNOT) gate. Since conventional schemes realize a controlled-unitary operation by breaking it into a sequence of single-qubit and CNOT gate operations, our method is an improvement because we not only require lesser time duration, but also fewer control lines, to implement the same operation. To demonstrate improvement over other schemes, we show, as examples, how two controlled-unitary operations, one being the controlled-Hadamard gate, can be realized in a single pulse operation using our scheme. Furthermore, our method can be applied to a wide range of coupling schemes and can be used to realize gate operations between two qubits coupled via Ising, Heisenberg and anisotropic interactions.

Preethika Kumar; Steven R. Skinner

2012-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

139

Neural Modeling and Control of Diesel Engine with Pollution Constraints  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The paper describes a neural approach for modelling and control of a turbocharged Diesel engine. A neural model, whose structure is mainly based on some physical equations describing the engine behaviour, is built for the rotation speed and the exhaust gas opacity. The model is composed of three interconnected neural submodels, each of them constituting a nonlinear multi-input single-output error model. The structural identi?cation and the parameter estimation from data gathered on a real engine are described. The neural direct model is then used to determine a neural controller of the engine, in a specialized training scheme minimising a multivariable criterion. Simulations show the effect of the pollution constraint weighting on a trajectory tracking of the engine speed. Neural networks, which are ?exible and parsimonious nonlinear black-box models, with universal approximation capabilities, can accurately describe or control complex nonlinear systems, with little a priori theoretical knowledge. The present...

Ouladsine, Mustapha; Dovifaaz, Xavier; 10.1007/s10846-005-3806-y

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Coherent Control of Resonance-Mediated Reactions: F+HD  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cross sections resulting from scattering that proceeds via an intermediate resonance are shown to be exceptionally controllable using a coherent superposition of only two initial states. Full quantum computations on F+HD(v=0;j=0,1)?H+DF, D+HF, which exhibits a resonance in one of the reactive channels, support the formal arguments, showing that control is indeed vast. In this case the ratio of reactive integral cross sections can be altered by a factor of 62 (compared to a noncoherent factor of only 3.3), while the ratio of reactive differential cross sections can be altered by a factor of over 6000 (compared to a noncoherent factor of less than 7). These results constitute the first prediction of extensive quantum control in a collisional process.

Vlado Zeman; Moshe Shapiro; Paul Brumer

2004-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "necessarily constitute control" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

WHAT CONSTITUTES EFFICIENCY IN RESEARCH?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...difficulties which the average investi- gator has to overcome are not involved in his...fear is a curtailment of the investi- gator's inherent right to develop his own ideas...that "Attempts at organizing investi- gators must fail because their highly specialized...

L. A. Rogers

1923-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Constitution of the Student Council  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

elections of officers and the continuation of club operations as necessary; Enhance the educational mission Fee moneys to recognized clubs and organizations and, in cooperation with the Office of Student Council shall supervise and conduct its own elections according to procedures provided

Aronov, Boris

143

Constitution (1987). Haitian French Creole  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

jistis tout bon vre. 3. Konstitisyon sa a la, pou peyi d Ayiti kanpe solid, pou li kanpe an fm, an pami tout nasyon. Pou li pa restavk okenn lot peyi. Pou li kenbe tou sa ki f Ayisyen, se Ayisyen tout bon, ni nan sa yo mete konfyans yo ladan, ni... nan jan yo viv, ni nan fason youn svi ak 1L 4. Konstitisyon sa a la, pou demokrasi pouse bon rasin nan peyi a. Pou tout moun gen dwa suiv lide yo lib. Pou direksyon peyi a pa toujou rete nan men menm moun ak menm gwoup moun tout tan. Pou psonn...

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Natural Philosophy in the Constitution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...He procured fire.... The American Revolution came about midway in this momentous deflection of history. By that time, the...marketplace ofideas" resounding to the "roar ofbargain and battle," Holmes confounded the pursuit of self-interest, as so...

GERARD PIEL

1986-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

145

CHARACTERISTICS Nitrated compounds constitute a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

compounds. If there is a chance of an explosive reaction, conduct the operation behind a blast shield

Wilcock, William

146

What constitutes a simple liquid?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Simple liquids are traditionally defined as many-body systems of classical particles interacting via radially symmetric pair potentials. We suggest that a simple liquid should be defined instead by the property of having strong correlation between virial and potential energy equilibrium fluctuations in the NVT ensemble. There is considerable overlap between the two definitions, but also some notable differences. For instance, in the new definition simplicity is not a property of the intermolecular potential only because a liquid is usually only strongly correlating in part of its phase diagram. Moreover, according to the new definition not all simple liquids are atomic (i.e., with radially symmetric pair potentials) and not all atomic liquids are simple. The main part of the paper motivates the new definition of liquid simplicity by presenting evidence that a liquid is strongly correlating if and only if its intermolecular interactions may be ignored beyond the first coordination shell (FCS). This is demonstrated by NVT simulations of structure and dynamics of 15 atomic and molecular model liquids with a shifted-forces cutoff placed at the first minimum of the radial distribution function. No proof is given that the chemical characterization follows from the strong correlation property, but it is shown to be consistent with the existence of isomorphs in strongly correlating liquids' phase diagram. Finally, we note that the FCS characterization of simple liquids calls into question the basis for standard perturbation theory, according to which the repulsive and attractive forces play fundamentally different roles for the physics of liquids.

Trond S. Ingebrigtsen; Thomas B. Schrder; Jeppe C. Dyre

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

147

Structural and electronic analysis of lanthanide complexes: Reactivity may not necessarily be  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

)], the radioactive lanthanide promethium (Z = 61) excepted. Contrarily to the common assumptions, the calculations

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

148

Continuous Controls: Lighting Energy Management for Retrofit and New Construction Projects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is responsible for a significant portion of the total energy bill for an office building, typically constituting thirty five to sixty percent of the electrical load. Lighting costs will continue to rise as electrical rates and demand charges escalate. A... Price Changes.", Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1984. 3. Verderber, R. R., Rubinstein. R., "Lighting Controls: Survey of Market Potential1', LBL Report 11209, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA. 1982. 4. Rubinstein. F...

Schuett, R.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Computer usage control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Article Computer usage control M. M. Lehman * Department of Computing and Control, Imperial...integrated multiple-computer, multiple operating systems, pricing and usage control mechanism. The original version described in this paper, was......

M. M. Lehman

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Effects of Tea, Decaffeinated Tea, and Caffeine on UVB Light-induced Complete Carcinogenesis in SKH-1 Mice: Demonstration of Caffeine as a Biologically Important Constitutent of Tea  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...CAFFEINE. AND UVB-INDUCED SKIN CANCER Acetone (solvent control) Green tea polyphenols (2.4 mg) Green tea polyphenols (7.2 mg) a Value is significantly different from the solvent control group (P < 0.05), as determined by the...

Mou-Tuan Huang; Jian-Guo Xie; Zhi Yuan Wang; Chi-Tang Ho; You-Rong Lou; Chung-Xiou Wang; Gordon C. Hard; and Allan H. Conney

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Fundamentals of Capacity Control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Whereas capacity planning determines in advance the capacities required to implement a production program, capacity control determines the actual capacities implemented shortly beforehand. The capacity control...

Prof. Dr.-Ing. habil. Hermann Ldding

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Superconducting VAR control  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Static VAR control means employing an asymmetrically controlled Graetz bridge and a superconducting direct current coil having low losses and low cost characteristics.

Boenig, Heinrich J. (Los Alamos, NM); Hassenzahl, William V. (Piedmont, CA)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

DSM to predict distortional failures in cold-formed steel columns exposed to fire: Effect of the constitutive law temperature-dependence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents a numerical (shell finite element) investigation aimed at assessing the performance of the current Direct Strength Method (DSM) provisions against distortional failure to estimate the ultimate strength of fixed-ended cold-formed steel lipped channel and rack-section columns (i) subjected to various uniform temperature distributions caused by fire conditions and (ii) exhibiting different room-temperature yield stresses, covering a wide distortional slenderness range. In particular, the work addresses how does the temperature-dependence of the steel material behaviour, which is felt through both the (reduced) Youngs modulus and nominal yield stress values, influences the quality (accuracy and safety) of the column ultimate strength predictions provided by the DSM distortional strength curve. Six different temperature-dependent steel constitutive laws are considered, namely (i) two models prescribed in part 1.2 of Eurocode 3 (EC3), for cold-formed and hot-rolled steel, and (ii) four experimentally-based analytical expressions recently reported in the literature. The DSM column ultimate strength estimates are compared with the numerical failure loads obtained through geometrically and physically non-linear Ansys shell finite element analyses incorporating critical-mode initial imperfections with small amplitudes.

A. Landesmann; D. Camotim

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Constitutive Model for the Time-Dependent Mechanical Behavior of 430 Stainless Steel and FeCrAlY Foams in Sulfur-Bearing Environments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The mechanical behavior of 430 stainless steel and pre-oxidized FeCrAlY open-cell foam materials of various densities was evaluated in compression at temperatures between 450 C and 600 C in an environment containing hydrogen sulfide and water vapor. Both materials showed negligible corrosion due to the gaseous atmosphere for up to 168 hours. The monotonic stress-strain response of these materials was found to be dependent on both the strain rate and their density, and the 430 stainless steel foam materials exhibited less stress relaxation than FeCrAlY for similar experimental conditions. Using the results from multiple hardening-relaxation and monotonic tests, an empirical constitutive equation was derived to predict the stress-strain behavior of FeCrAlY foams as a function of temperature and strain rate. These results are discussed in the context of using these materials in a black liquor gasifier to accommodate the chemical expansion of the refractory liner resulting from its reaction with the soda in the black liquor.

Hemrick, James Gordon [ORNL; Lara-Curzio, Edgar [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

DP97, a DEAD box DNA/RNA helicase, is a target gene-selective co-regulator of the constitutive androstane receptor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer DP97 interacts with nuclear receptor CAR. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer DP97 enhances CAR-mediated transcriptional activation. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer DP97 synergistically enhances transactivity of CAR by the co-expression of SRC-1 or PGC1{alpha}. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer DP97 is a gene-selective co-activator for hCAR. -- Abstract: The constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) plays a key role in the expression of xenobiotic/steroid and drug metabolizing enzymes and their transporters. In this study, we demonstrated that DP97, a member of the DEAD box DNA/RNA helicase protein family, is a novel CAR-interacting protein. Using HepG2 cells expressing human CAR in the presence of tetracycline, we showed that knockdown of DP97 with small interfering RNAs suppressed tetracycline-inducible mRNA expression of CYP2B6 and UGT1A1 but not CYP3A4. Thus, DP97 was found to be a gene (or promoter)-selective co-activator for hCAR. DP97-mediated CAR transactivation was synergistically enhanced by the co-expression of SRC-1 or PGC1{alpha}, therefore it might act as mediator between hCAR and appropriate co-activators.

Kanno, Yuichiro, E-mail: ykanno@phar.toho-u.ac.jp [Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Toho University, Chiba (Japan)] [Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Toho University, Chiba (Japan); Serikawa, Takafumi; Inajima, Jun; Inouye, Yoshio [Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Toho University, Chiba (Japan)] [Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Toho University, Chiba (Japan)

2012-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

156

Nuclear reactor control apparatus  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Nuclear reactor core safety rod release apparatus comprises a control rod having a detent notch in the form of an annular peripheral recess at its upper end, a control rod support tube for raising and lowering the control rod under normal conditions, latches pivotally mounted on the control support tube with free ends thereof normally disposed in the recess in the control rod, and cam means for pivoting the latches out of the recess in the control rod when a scram condition occurs. One embodiment of the invention comprises an additional magnetically-operated latch for releasing the control rod under two different conditions, one involving seismic shock.

Sridhar, Bettadapur N. (Cupertino, CA)

1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Document Control Process  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1 Document Control Process 11_0304 Page 1 of 7 1 Document Control Process 11_0304 Page 1 of 7 EOTA - Business Process Document Title: Document Control Process Document Number: P-001 Rev 11_0304 Document Owner: Elizabeth Sousa Backup Owner: Melissa Otero Approver(s): Melissa Otero Parent Document: Q-001, Quality Manual Notify of Changes: EOTA Employees Referenced Document(s): F-001 Document Control Template - Process, F-002 Document Control Template - Instruction, F-003 Document Control Template - Screenshot, F-004 Document Control Template - Form, F-005 Document Control Template - Form - Excel, MGTP-002 Skill Set Model, Q-003 EOTA Processes: Sequence and Interaction, P-003, Control of Records P-001 Document Control Process 11_0304 Page 2 of 7 Revision History: Rev. Description of Change

158

Microsoft Word - SAND2012-10342_final.docx  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement,...

159

DISCLAIMER  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement,...

160

fem | netl.doe.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "necessarily constitute control" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Assessment of geothermal development in the Imperial Valley of California. Volume 2. Environmental control technology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Environmental control technologies are essential elements to be included in the overall design of Imperial Valley geothermal power systems. Environmental controls applicable to abatement of hydrogen sulfide emissions, cooling tower drift, noise, liquid and solid wastes, and induced subsidence and seismicity are assessed here. For optimum abatement of H{sub 2}S under a variety of plant operating conditions, removal of H{sub 2}S upstream of the steam turbine is recommended. The environmental impact of cooling tower drift will be closely tied to the quality of cooling water supplies. Conventional noise abatement procedures can be applied and no special research and development are needed. Injection technology constitutes the primary and most essential environmental control and liquid waste disposal technology for Imperial Velley geothermal operations. Subsurface injection of fluids is the primary control for managing induced subsidence. Careful maintenance of injection pressure is expected to control induced seismicity. (MHR)

Morris, W.; Hill, J. (eds.)

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Constitutive expression of a salinity-induced wheat WRKY transcription factor enhances salinity and ionic stress tolerance in transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Highlights: A class II WRKY transcription factor, TaWRKY79 was isolated and characterized. TaWRKY79 was induced by NaCl or abscisic acid. 843 bp regulatory segment was sufficient to respond to ABA or NaCl treatment. TaWRKY79 enhanced salinity and ionic tolerance while reduced sensitivity to ABA. TaWRKY79 increased salinity and ionic tolerance in an ABA-dependent pathway. -- Abstract: The isolation and characterization of TaWRKY79, a wheat class II WRKY transcription factor, is described. Its 1297 bp coding region includes a 987 bp long open reading frame. TaWRKY79 was induced by stressing seedlings with either NaCl or abscisic acid (ABA). When a fusion between an 843 bp segment upstream of the TaWRKY79 coding sequence and GUS was introduced into Arabidopsis thaliana, GUS staining indicated that this upstream segment captured the sequence(s) required to respond to ABA or NaCl treatment. When TaWRKY79 was constitutively expressed as a transgene in A. thaliana, the transgenic plants showed an improved capacity to extend their primary root in the presence of either 100 mM NaCl, 10 mM LiCl or 2 ?M ABA. The inference was that TaWRKY79 enhanced the level of tolerance to both salinity and ionic stress, while reducing the level of sensitivity to ABA. The ABA-related genes ABA1, ABA2 ABI1 and ABI5 were all up-regulated in the TaWRKY79 transgenic plants, suggesting that the transcription factor operates in an ABA-dependent pathway.

Qin, Yuxiang, E-mail: yuxiangqin@126.com [Department of Biotechnology, University of Jinan, Jinan 250022 (China)] [Department of Biotechnology, University of Jinan, Jinan 250022 (China); Tian, Yanchen [The Key Laboratory of Plant Cell Engineering and Germplasm Innovation, Ministry of Education, School of Life Science, Shandong University, Jinan 250100 (China)] [The Key Laboratory of Plant Cell Engineering and Germplasm Innovation, Ministry of Education, School of Life Science, Shandong University, Jinan 250100 (China); Han, Lu; Yang, Xinchao [Department of Biotechnology, University of Jinan, Jinan 250022 (China)] [Department of Biotechnology, University of Jinan, Jinan 250022 (China)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

163

Control system design method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A control system design method and concomitant control system comprising representing a physical apparatus to be controlled as a Hamiltonian system, determining elements of the Hamiltonian system representation which are power generators, power dissipators, and power storage devices, analyzing stability and performance of the Hamiltonian system based on the results of the determining step and determining necessary and sufficient conditions for stability of the Hamiltonian system, creating a stable control system based on the results of the analyzing step, and employing the resulting control system to control the physical apparatus.

Wilson, David G. (Tijeras, NM); Robinett, III, Rush D. (Tijeras, NM)

2012-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

164

Trends in furnace control  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper relates Italimpianti's experiences over the past few years in the area of control of reheat furnaces for the steel industry. The focus is on the level 1 area; specifically on the use of PLC-based systems to perform both combustion control and mechanical/hydraulic control. Some topics to be discussed are: overview of reheat furnace control system requirements; PLC only control vs separate PLC and DCS systems; PLC hardware requirements; man machine interface (MMI) requirements; purge, light-on and safety logic; implementation of more sophisticated level 1 control algorithms; furnace temperature optimization: look up tables vs full thermal modeling; and recent trends including integrated PLC/DCS system.

McDonald, T.J.; Keefe, M.D. (Italimpianti of America, Inc., Coraopolis, PA (United States). Instrumentation and Controls Dept.)

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Strategic Trade Control: Multilateral Export Control Arrangements  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Multilateral Multilateral Export Control Arrangements Nonproliferation & National Security (NPNS) Overview Technical Nonproliferation Policy Support Strategic Trade Control Review of export license applications Multilateral Export Control Arrangements Interdiction Engagement & Training INECP INSEP GIPP Safeguards Concepts and Approaches Human Capital Development Additional Protocol Technical Assistance National Security Systems & Assessments National Security Information Systems Vulnerability Assessment Team (VAT) Radiation Detection & Response (RDR) Contact NPNS Other Major Programs Work with Argonne Contact us For Employees Site Map Help Join us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter NE Division on Flickr Nonproliferation and National Security Program Technical Nonproliferation Policy Support (TNPS)

166

EO 12088: Federal Compliance with Pollution Control Standards  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

088-Federal Compliance with Pollution Control Standards 088-Federal Compliance with Pollution Control Standards SOURCE: The provisions of Executive Order 12088 of October 13,1978, appear at 43 FR 47707, 3 CFR, 1978 Comp., p. 243, unless otherwise noted. By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and statutes of the United States of America, including Section 22 of the Toxic Substances Control Act (15 U.S.C. 2621), Section 313 of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, as amended (33 U.S.C. 1323), Section 1447 of the Public Health Service Act, as amended by the Safe Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 300j-6), Section 118of the Clean Air Act, as amended (42 U.S.C. 7418(b)), Section 4 of the Noise Control Act of 1972 (42 U.S.C. 4903), Section 6001 of the Solid Waste Disposal Act, as amended (42 U.S.C. 6961), and Section 301 of Title 3 of the United

167

Embedded controllers for local board-control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The LHCb experiment at CERN has a large number of custom electronic boards performing high-speed data-processing. Like in any large experiment the control and monitoring of these crate-mounted boards must be integrated into the overall control-system. Traditionally this has been done by using buses like VME on the back-plane of the crates. LHCb has chosen to equip every board with an embedded micro-controller and connecting them in a large Local Area Network. The intelligence of these devices allows complex (soft) real-time control and monitoring, required for modern powerful FPGA driven electronics. Moreover each board has its own, isolated control access path, which increases the robustness of the entire system. The system is now in pre-production at several sites and will go into full production during next year. The hardware and software will be discussed and experiences from the R&D and pre-production will be reviewed, with an emphasis on advantages and difficulties of this approach to board-control.

Neufeld, Niko; Mini, Giuseppe; Sannino, Mario; Guzik, Zbigniew; Jacobsson, Richard; Jost, Beat

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Compact character controllers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present methods for creating compact and efficient data-driven character controllers. Our first method identifies the essential motion data examples tailored for a given task. It enables complex yet efficient high-dimensional controllers, as well ... Keywords: data driven animation, human animation, optimal control

Yongjoon Lee; Seong Jae Lee; Zoran Popovi?

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Thermoelectric Temperature Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the controller can supply the power required to bring the device to the desired temperature and maintain a stableNOTE 201TM TECHNICAL Optimizing Thermoelectric Temperature Control Systems #12;2 May 1995 92 of applications that require extremely stable temperature control. System design can be complex, but improved

Saffman, Mark

170

Integrated Biological Control  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Biological control is any activity taken to prevent, limit, clean up, or remediate potential environmental, health and safety, or workplace quality impacts from plants, animals, or microorganisms. At Hanford the principal emphasis of biological control is to prevent the transport of radioactive contamination by biological vectors (plants, animals, or microorganisms), and where necessary, control and clean up resulting contamination. Other aspects of biological control at Hanford include industrial weed control (e.g.; tumbleweeds), noxious weed control (invasive, non-native plant species), and pest control (undesirable animals such as rodents and stinging insects, and microorganisms such as molds that adversely affect the quality of the workplace environment). Biological control activities may be either preventive (a priori) or in response to existing contamination spread (a posteriori). Surveillance activities, including ground, vegetation, flying insect, and other surveys, and a priori control actions, such as herbicide spraying and placing biological barriers, are important in preventing radioactive contamination spread. If surveillance discovers that biological vectors have spread radioactive contamination, a posteriori control measures, such as fixing contamination, followed by cleanup and removal of the contamination to an approved disposal location are typical response functions. In some cases remediation following the contamination cleanup and removal is necessary. Biological control activities for industrial weeds, noxious weeds and pests have similar modes of prevention and response.

JOHNSON, A.R.

2003-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

171

Integrated Biological Control  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Biological control is any activity taken to prevent, limit, clean up, or remediate potential environmental, health and safety, or workplace quality impacts from plants, animals, or microorganisms. At Hanford the principal emphasis of biological control is to prevent the transport of radioactive contamination by biological vectors (plants, animals, or microorganisms), and where necessary, control and clean up resulting contamination. Other aspects of biological control at Hanford include industrial weed control (e.g.; tumbleweeds), noxious weed control (invasive, non-native plant species), and pest control (undesirable animals such as rodents and stinging insects; and microorganisms such as molds that adversely affect the quality of the workplace environment). Biological control activities may be either preventive (apriori) or in response to existing contamination spread (aposteriori). Surveillance activities, including ground, vegetation, flying insect, and other surveys, and apriori control actions, such as herbicide spraying and placing biological barriers, are important in preventing radioactive contamination spread. If surveillance discovers that biological vectors have spread radioactive contamination, aposteriori control measures, such as fixing contamination, followed by cleanup and removal of the contamination to an approved disposal location are typical response functions. In some cases remediation following the contamination cleanup and removal is necessary. Biological control activities for industrial weeds, noxious weeds and pests have similar modes of prevention and response.

JOHNSON, A.R.

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Control of Customer Property  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

6 EOTA Key Control Process 11_0119.docx1_0119 6 EOTA Key Control Process 11_0119.docx1_0119 Page 1 of 5 EOTA - Business Process Document Title: EOTA Key Control Process Document Number: MGTP-006 Rev. 11_0119 Document Owner: Elizabeth Sousa Backup Owner: Melissa Otero Approver(s): Melissa Otero Parent Document: MGTP-003 Control of Customer Property Notify of Changes: EOTA Employees Referenced Document(s): MGTF-012 Key Check-Out Form MGTP-006 EOTA Key Control Process 11_0119.docx1_0119 Page 2 of 5 Revision History: Rev. Description of Change 10_0823 Initial Release 11_0119 Modified process to include steps to take if an employee does not return a key. MGTP-006 EOTA Key Control Process 11_0119.docx1_0119 Page 3 of 5 I. Purpose To establish a process for control of all EOTA keys.

173

One Controlling Many  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

One Controlling Many One Controlling Many As Unmanned Systems proliferate the battle space, the decisive advantages historically provided by strategy, tactics, and training must be translated into Unmanned Systems (UMS) Control Systems. It is a challenge to effectively control large numbers of UMS. The human operator must be freed to focus on high level perception, tactics, and strategy while the system automates lower level functions. The Intelligent Systems, Robotics, and Cybernetics (ISRC) Group at Sandia National Laboratories is working to develop a controls system for single-operator multiple unmanned systems control. Critical Characteristics * A single operator controls a heterogeneous team of several (three to six) unmanned ground (UGVs) and aerial vehicles (UAVs) performing multiple

174

Dynamic modelling of MSF plants for automatic control and simulation purposes: a survey  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The successful development of a control system requires an appropriate definition of the control structure (i.e., selection of output, input and disturbance variables) and an efficient dynamical model on which the design, analysis and evaluation can be carried out. Thus, the confidence in the obtained results depends on the validity of the control structure and of the model used. For multistage flash (MSF) desalination processes, several dynamical models can be found in the literature. However, most of them are not suitable for analysis and control design purposes because they bring too many variables into play. The variables, which are sharing in the control system, normally constitute a reduced subset of the total variables that can be defined in the process. Moreover, a dynamical model suitable for control is simpler than the model derived from the physics of the underlying process. Hence, the selection of variables and the model building from the point of view of control design presents a compromise between the indispensable information contained in the model and the mathematical complexity proper of the design. In this paper, different models from the literature are analysed. Their advantages and drawbacks are described taking into account simulation and automatic control purposes. Moreover, a set of wished modelling facilities from the control engineer point of view is highlighted. Finally, a block-oriented library for Matlab/Simulink is presented, so that different plant configurations can be implemented as block diagram to simulate the system and to test control algorithms.

Adrian Gambler; Essameddin Badreddin

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

A Novel Mutation within the Central Listeria monocytogenes Regulator PrfA That Results in Constitutive Expression of Virulence Gene Products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...containing an integrated copy of WT prfA [WTi]), NF-L1011 (containing an integrated...addition, in contrast to NF-L1041 (prfA WTi) or NF-L1042 (prfA L147Pi), the NF-L1011...in the control strain NF-L1041 (prfA WTi) (Fig. 3A). Interestingly, no PrfA...

Kendy K. Y. Wong; Nancy E. Freitag

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Perceived control in health care: A conceptual model based on experiences of frail older adults  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Frail older adults are increasingly encouraged to be in control of their health care, in Western societies. However, little is known about how they themselves perceive control in health care. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the concept of health care-related perceived control from the viewpoint of frail older adults. A qualitative interview study was conducted following a Grounded Theory approach. Thirty-two Dutch frail older adults, aged 65 and over, participated in 20 in-depth interviews (n=20) and three focus group discussions (n=12). Data were analysed according to techniques of coding and constant comparison. From this analysis constituting factors of perceived control emerged, providing elements of a conceptual model. Perceived control reflects the feeling or belief that health care is under control, which is constituted by five, either internal or external, factors: (I) self-confidence in organising professional and/or informal care, (II) self-confidence in health management in the home setting, (III) perceived support from people in the social network, (IV) perceived support from health care professionals and organisations, and (V) perceived support from (health care) infrastructure and services. Therefore, the concept does not only consist of people's own perceived efforts, but also includes the influence of external sources. Our conceptual model points out what external factors should be taken into consideration by health care professionals and policy makers when enhancing older people's perceived control. Moreover, it can serve as the basis for the development of a measurement instrument, to enable future quantitative research on health care-related perceived control among older adults.

L. Claassens; G.A. Widdershoven; S.C. Van Rhijn; F. Van Nes; M.I. Broese van Groenou; D.J.H. Deeg; M. Huisman

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Controlled mobility in sensor networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

between speed control and job scheduling subproblems . . .K. Gupta. Speed control and scheduling of data mules inselection, Speed control, and Job scheduling) and addresses

Sugihara, Ryo

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Protections: Sediment Control = Contaminant Retention  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sediment Control Protections: Sediment Control Contaminant Retention LANL maintains hundreds of wells, stream sampling stations and stormwater control structures to protect...

179

NETL: Mercury Emissions Control  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Home > Technologies > Coal & Power Systems > Innovations for Existing Plants > Mercury Emissions Control Home > Technologies > Coal & Power Systems > Innovations for Existing Plants > Mercury Emissions Control Innovations for Existing Plants Mercury Emissions Control NETL managed the largest funded research program in the country to develop an in-depth understanding of fossil combustion-based mercury emissions. The program goal was to develop effective control options that would allow generators to comply with regulations. Research focus areas included measurement and characterization of mercury emissions, as well as the development of cost-effective control technologies for the U.S. coal-fired electric generating industry. Control Technologies Field Testing Phase I & II Phase III Novel Concepts APCD Co-benefits Emissions Characterization

180

CHSP: HAZARD CONTROLS  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

HYGIENE HYGIENE AND SAFETY PLAN CHSP SITE MAP HAZARD CONTROLS CONTROLS FOR HAZARDOUS MATERIALS arrow image WORK PRACTICE CONTROLS arrow image CHEMICAL STORAGE GUIDELINES DECOMISSIONING LAB AND SHOP SPACES SPECIFIC CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES arrow image EMERGENCY PROCEDURES AND EQUIPMENT arrow image APPENDICES arrow image FAQs QUESTIONS Search the CHSP: > Go spacer image EH&S Home PUB 3000 LBNL Home LBNL A-Z Index LBNL Search LBNL Phone Book Privacy & Security Notice spacer spacer image spacer image spacer image HAZARD CONTROLS This section discusses control procedures for limiting employee exposure to chemical hazards. Technical Areas Technical areas include laboratories, shops, workrooms, and similar areas where non-administrative activities are performed. For the purpose of the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "necessarily constitute control" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Controlled Nuclear Fusion Reactions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... THE presentation of full and authoritative accounts of research on controlled nuclear fusion reactions was a major feature of the second Geneva Conference on the Peaceful Uses of ...

R. S. PEASE

1958-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

182

Fuel control system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A fuel control system is described comprising: a fuel rack movable in opposite fuel-increasing and fuel-decreasing directions; a rack control member movable in opposite fuel-increasing and fuel-decreasing directions; servo system means for moving the fuel rack in response to movement of the rack control member an electrically energizable member movable in opposite fuel-increasing and fuel-decreasing directions, the electrically energizable member being urged to move in its fuel-decreasing direction when energized; first coupling means for connecting the electrically energizable member to the rack control member to move the rack control member in its fuel-decreasing direction in response to movement of the electrically energizable member in its fuel-decreasing direction; a mechanical governor control having a member movable in opposite fuel-increasing and fuel-decreasing directions; second coupling means for connecting the mechanical governor to the rack control member to move the rack control member in its fuel-decreasing direction in response to movement of the mechanical governor member in its fuel-decreasing direction; bias means for biasing the rack control member to move in its fuel-increasing direction.

Staniak, W.A.; Samuelson, R.E.; Moncelle, M.E.

1986-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

183

Device Oriented Project Controller  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This proposal is directed at the issue of developing control systems for very large HEP projects. A de-facto standard in accelerator control is the Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System (EPICS), which has been applied successfully to many physics projects. EPICS is a channel based system that requires that each channel of each device be configured and controlled. In Phase I, the feasibility of a device oriented extension to the distributed channel database was demonstrated by prototyping a device aware version of an EPICS I/O controller that functions with the current version of the channel access communication protocol. Extensions have been made to the grammar to define the database. Only a multi-stage position controller with limit switches was developed in the demonstration, but the grammar should support a full range of functional record types. In phase II, a full set of record types will be developed to support all existing record types, a set of process control functions for closed loop control, and support for experimental beam line control. A tool to configure these records will be developed. A communication protocol will be developed or extensions will be made to Channel Access to support introspection of components of a device. Performance bench marks will be made on both communication protocol and the database. After these records and performance tests are under way, a second of the grammar will be undertaken.

Dalesio, Leo; Kraimer, Martin

2013-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

184

Shore Erosion Control (Maryland)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Department of Natural Resources is responsible for creating and implementing a program designed to minimize shore erosion through education, erosion control projects, promulgate regulations,...

185

Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To prevent unauthorized dissemination of Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information (UCNI). Cancels DOE 5635.4 and DOE 5650.3A

1995-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

186

Stream Control Transmission Protocol  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This document describes the Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP). SCTP is designed to transport PSTN signaling messages over IP networks, but is capable of broader applications.

R. Stewart; Q. Xie; K. Morneault; C. Sharp; H. Schwarzbauer; T. Taylor; I. Rytina; M. Kalla; L. Zhang; V. Paxson

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Controlling Graphene's Electronic Structure  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Controlling Graphene's Electronic Structure Print Graphene, because of its unusual electron properties, reduced dimensionality, and scale, has enormous potential for use in...

188

Controlling Graphene's Electronic Structure  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Controlling Graphene's Electronic Structure Print Wednesday, 25 April 2007 00:00 Graphene, because of its unusual electron properties, reduced dimensionality, and scale, has...

189

Management Control Program  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To establish requirements and responsibilities for the Department of Energy Management Control Program. Cancels DOE O 413.1. Canceled by DOE O 413.1B.

2002-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

190

Optimizing Control- A Survey  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ipulated Inpute teL point.. planl pIInm.t.erl --_ Figure 2: The Optimizing Control Scheme Figure 2 shows a fairly general arrangement of func tional units, the blocks, and the signal path connecting them. On the lowest level is the plant and the controller... performing the regulatory control of the plant. These two parts form the superblock "controlled plant". The optimizer is on the next higher level. It forms together with the "con trolled plant" the superblock "optimized plant" which is again manipulated...

Preisig, H. A.

191

Internal Controls Evaluations  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

assurance reviews need to be completed prior to the submission of quarterly and annual reports. Page | 6 Table 1: DOE Internal Controls Assessment Process Important Dates Date...

192

Radiation Control (Virginia)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Department of Health is responsible for regulating radiation and radioactive materials in the Commonwealth of Virginia. Although the Department's Radiation Control Program primarily focuses on...

193

Virtual Control System Environment  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Control System Environment Sandia National Laboratories is a multi-program laboratory managed and operated by Sandia Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin...

194

A robust control strategy for combining DCV control with economizer control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Combining demand controlled ventilation (DCV) control and economizer control achieves acceptable and even better indoor air quality with minimum coil energy consumption. The control instability during the transition processes between different control modes are among the major difficulties faced when utilizing economizer control and when combining DCV control with economizer control in applications. A robust control strategy, using freezing, gain scheduling, integral term reset and feedback transition control for different transition processes, is developed for addressing these problems. They are evaluated on an air handling unit (AHU) using various simulation tests. The test results demonstrate that the robust control strategy allows stable and robust AHU control.

Shengwei Wang; Xinhua Xu

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Multivariate process control for detection and cause identification of location shifts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Most processes involve more than one process/product output variable, multiple process input/regulatory variables, and a category of noise variables, which consists of factors not considered in the model, or those external to the process. Since output variables are not necessarily independent of each other, an adequate approach involves multivariate process control for monitoring of the process. It is of practical value to determine possible causes in the event of a change in the process location, which is detected through a multivariate control chart. In this paper, for cause identification, one of the methods uses information from only the process input variables, while the other uses a generalised measure, based on the residuals, that incorporates the process input and output variables. A simulation approach is adopted to investigate the performance of the proposed estimators as well as the traditional estimator that incorporates only the process/product output variables. Based on a selected performance measure of the average run length of the time to first detection, when the location parameter has changed, the proposed methods perform favourably compared to the traditional estimator.

Amitava Mitra; Mark M. Clark

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Burner control system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A burner control apparatus for use with a furnace installation that has an operating control to produce a request for burner operation, a flame sensor to produce a signal when flame is present in the monitored combustion chamber, and one or more devices for control of ignition and/or fuel flow. The burner control apparatus comprises lockout apparatus for de-energizing the control apparatus, a control device for actuating the ignition and/or fuel control devices, and a timing circuit that provides four successive and partially overlapping timing intervals of precise relation, including a purge timing interval, a pilot ignition interval, and a main fuel ignition interval. The present invention further includes a burner control system which verifies the proper operation of certain sensors in a burner or furnace including particularly the air flow sensor. Additionally, the present system also prevents an attempt to ignite a burner if a condition is detected which indicates that the air flow sensor has been bypassed or wedged in the actuated position.

Cade, P.J.

1981-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

197

Control for Actuator Arrays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Actuator arrays are planar arrangements of simple actuators that cooperate to translate and orient objects. This paper derives the equations of motion for manipulating an object in stick/slip contact with the actuators. A controller derived from kinematics ... Keywords: actuator arrays, distributed control, distributed manipulation, hybrid systems

Mark Bedillion; William Messner

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Control of Records  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3 Control of Records Process 11_0304 Page 1 of 6 3 Control of Records Process 11_0304 Page 1 of 6 EOTA - Business Process Document Title: Control of Records Process Document Number P-003 Rev 11_0304 Document Owner: Elizabeth Sousa Backup Owner: Melissa Otero Approver(s): Melissa Otero Parent Document: Q-001, Quality Manual Notify of Changes: EOTA Employees Referenced Document(s): REG-003, Records Register P-003 Control of Records Process 11_0304 Page 2 of 6 Revision History: Rev. Description of Change A Initial Release 08_0805 Added Integration Group to Section III. 11_0304 Defined Record Creator and New Record for clarity and swapped Step 3.0 and 4.0 P-003 Control of Records Process 11_0304 Page 3 of 6 I. Purpose To describe the process for how records are established and maintained to provide evidence of conformity to requirements and

199

Surveillance Guides - Hazards Control  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Hazards Control Hazards Control 1.0 Objective The objective of this surveillance is to evaluate the effectiveness of the contractor's programs and policy for establishing controls to mitigate hazards affecting the public, worker, and environment. 2.0 References 2.1 DOE 4330.4B Maintenance Management Program 2.2 48 CFR 1970.5204-2 Department of Energy Acquisition Regulations 3.0 Requirements Implemented This surveillance is conducted to verify implementation of DOE 450.4-1A Volume 2 Appendix E core expectation #3 (CE II-3). CE II-3: An integrated process has been established and is utilized to develop controls which mitigate the identified hazards present within a facility or activity. The set of controls ensure adequate protection of the public, worker, and the environment and are established as agreed upon by DOE.

200

DOE Mercury Control Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mercury Control Research Mercury Control Research Air Quality III: Mercury, Trace Elements, and Particulate Matter September 9-12, 2002 Rita A. Bajura, Director National Energy Technology Laboratory www.netl.doe.gov 169330 RAB 09/09/02 2 Potential Mercury Regulations MACT Standards * Likely high levels of Hg reduction * Compliance: 2007 Clean Power Act of 2001 * 4-contaminant control * 90% Hg reduction by 2007 Clear Skies Act of 2002 * 3-contaminant control * 46% Hg reduction by 2010 * 70% Hg reduction by 2018 * Hg emission trading President Bush Announcing Clear Skies Initiative February 14, 2002 169330 RAB 09/09/02 3 Uncertainties Mercury Control Technologies * Balance-of-plant impacts * By-product use and disposal * Capture effectiveness with low-rank coals * Confidence of performance 169330 RAB 09/09/02 4

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "necessarily constitute control" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Residential Humidity Control Strategies  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Residential Humidity Control Strategies Residential Humidity Control Strategies Armin Rudd Residential Energy Efficiency Stakeholder Meeting 2/29 - 3/2/2012 Austin, Texas 2 Residential Energy Efficiency Stakeholder Meeting 2/29 - 3/2/2012 Austin, Texas Humidity control goals  Comfort, and Indoor Air Quality  Control indoor humidity year-around, just like we do temperature  Durability and customer satisfaction  Reduce builder risk and warranty/service costs 2 3 Residential Energy Efficiency Stakeholder Meeting 2/29 - 3/2/2012 Austin, Texas Humidity control challenges 1. In humid cooling climates, there will always be times of the year when there is little sensible cooling load to create thermostat demand but humidity remains high * Cooling systems that modify fan speed and temperature set point based on humidity can help but are still limited

202

Cyclic control stick  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A cyclic control stick of the type used in helicopters for reducing the safety hazards associated with such a mechanism in the event of a crewman being thrown violently into contact with the cyclic control stick resulting from a crash or the like. The cyclic control stick is configured to break away upon the exertion of an impact force which exceeds a predetermined value and/or is exerted for more than a momentary time duration. The cyclic control stick is also configured to be adjustable so as to locate the grip thereof as far away from the crewman as possible for safety reasons without comprising the comfort of the crewman or the use of the control stick, and a crushable pad is provided on the top of the grip for impact energy absorbing purposes.

Whitaker, Charles N. (2834 S. Extension Rd., No. 2024, Mesa, AZ 85202); Zimmermann, Richard E. (425 E. Greenway, Tempe, AZ 85282)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

POSITIVE TRAIN CONTROL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract Positive train control (PTC) is a modern system of monitoring and controlling train movements to provide advanced safety. This system uses the latest technology in mobile wireless communication. In Sept 2008, the US Congress considered a new rail safety law that sets a deadline of 2015 for implementation of positive train control (PTC) technology across most of the U.S. rail network. The bill was developed in response to the collision of a Metro link passenger train and a Union Pacific freight train Sept. 12 in California, which resulted in the deaths of 25 and injuries to more than 135 Metrolink passengers.

Suresh Badugu; Anoosha Movva

204

Fuzzy Control PI vs. Fuzzy PI-Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fuzzy Control PI vs. Fuzzy PI-Control Olaf Wolkenhauer Control Systems Centre UMIST o 3 Fuzzy PI-Controller 6 4 Example: First-Order System with Dead-Time 15 4.1 Fuzzy Rule-Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 4.2 Centre Average Defuzzification . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 4.3 Control Surface: Zadeh Logic

Rostock, Universität

205

Feedback Control of Microstate to Control Macrostate Properties  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Feedback Control of Microstate to Control Macrostate Properties of Controllable Fluids by John R. Lloyd and Clark J. Radcliffe Department of Mechanical Engineering Michigan State University East Lansing, MI 48824-1226 ABSTRACT Controllable fluids are those fluids whose properties can be controlled

Radcliffe, Clark J.

206

Control of External Documents  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

2 Control of External Documents Process 11_0304 Page 1 of 5 2 Control of External Documents Process 11_0304 Page 1 of 5 EOTA - Business Process Document Title: Control of External Documents Process Document Number P-002 Rev 11_0304 Document Owner: Elizabeth Sousa Backup Owner: Melissa Otero Approver(s): Melissa Otero Parent Document: Q-001, Quality Manual Notify of Changes: EOTA Employees Referenced Document(s): REG-002, External Document Register P-002 Control of External Documents Process 11_0304 Page 2 of 5 Revision History: Rev. Description of Change A Initial Release 11_0304 Changed revision format from alpha character to numbers; modified process to include a step directing addition to REG-002 External Document Register and changed verbiage to clarify and more accurately reflect current process.

207

Media Inventory Control  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

8 Media Inventory Control 11_0406 Page 1 of 5 8 Media Inventory Control 11_0406 Page 1 of 5 EOTA - Business Process Document Title: Media Inventory Control Document Number: ITTP-018 Rev. 09_0910 Document Owner: Janet Lee Backup Owner: Ben Aragon Approver(s): Melissa Otero Parent Document: Q-001, Quality Manual Notify of Changes: Referenced Document(s): MGTP-003 Customer Property, ISDP-002 Training Production Process, ADMP-001 Procurement Process, ADMP-003 Receiving/Inspection Process, ITTF-013 Media Requests ITTP-018 Media Inventory Control 11_0406 Page 2 of 5 Revision History: Rev. Description of Change A Initial Release B Added use of ITTF-013, Media Requests (SMS Records) 08_0904 Changed Media Specialist to Online Learning support Specialist (OLSS). Modified process to better fit actual media request process.

208

Control the Present  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Control the Present Image of water sampling trip embarking downstream from Otowi Bridge onto the Rio Grande with text overlay of 'How does LANL minimize the impacts from ongoing...

209

Controlling Rats and Mice  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

House rats and mice eat and contaminate human and animal food, and they damage and destroy property. This leaflet explains how to identify rats and mice by their droppings, runways, food crumbs and noises. Various control methods are discussed....

Texas Wildlife Services

2007-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

210

Spring 2014 Controls -1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spring 2014 Controls - 1 A simple model for the electrical dynamics of a solenoid valve includes the coil resistance R in series with the coil inductance L, as indicated in the figure to the left

Virginia Tech

211

Water Pollution Control (Indiana)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Indiana Department of Environmental Management and the Water Pollution Control Board are tasked with the prevention of pollution in the waters of the state. The Board may adopt rules and...

212

Adaptive Street Lighting Controls  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This two-partDOE Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium webinar focused on LED street lighting equipped with adaptive control components. In Part I, presenters Amy Olay of the City of...

213

Mathematics in Control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......rather accurately kept constant by engine throttle movements proportional...in thrust. During flare-out, engine speed is reduced to idling while...swivel angles, or for example fuel consumption rate if thrust control is employed......

M. J. LIGHTHILL

1968-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Controlling Blow Flies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Blow flies lay their eggs on animal remains and can spread disease. To control blow flies, it is important to remove dead animals and dispose of them properly, and to use effective insecticides when necessary....

Tomberlin, Jeffery K.

2005-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

215

Controlling Blow Flies (Spanish)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Blow flies lay their eggs on animal remains and can spread disease. To control blow flies, it is important to remove dead animals and dispose of them properly, and to use effective insecticides when necessary....

Tomberlin, Jeffery K.

2007-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

216

Digital Control for Automation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

GREATER YIELDS OF BETTER QUALITY PRODUCTS at reduced costs: That's one way to look at automations goal. And among instruments for automation are data reduction systems (others: continuous process analyzers, computer elements, and control mechanisms). ...

1956-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

217

Radiation: Radiation Control (Indiana)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

It is the policy of the state to encourage the constructive uses of radiation and to control its harmful effects. This section contains regulations pertaining to the manufacture, use,...

218

Snakes and Their Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many kinds of snakes live in Texas, but only a few are poisonous. This leaflet focuses on the control of poisonous snakes by altering their habitats, fencing, trapping, poisoning and shooting....

Texas Wildlife Services

2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

219

Emission reduction of NOx and CO by optimization of the automatic control system in a coal-fired stoker boiler  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To date research on NO, and CO emission reduction in stoker-fired boilers has been devoted to combustion modification to the overfire air, diverting air to a selected set of burners, using modified low-NOx, burners, using flue gas recirculation or flue gas treatment with specially controlled catalyst and additives. This study introduces a concept that focuses on the dynamics of the boiler and the automatic control system. The objective of this study was to reduce the NO and CO emissions by restructuring the automatic control system and then tuning the control system with parameters that have been optimized with emission reduction as the objective. Dynamic data were obtained from a step-input test of either the underfire air or the overfire air. These data were used to model the boiler with a transfer function describing the emissions. The analyzer dynamic response was included in the overall model. The control parameters were determined from this overall emissions transfer function by mathematical optimization. These control parameters constituted the initial values in the automatic control system used for the final tests in the boiler. Additional adjustments to reduce the emissions were carried out during boiler operation. A low controller gain and a fast reset time were found to be the most suitable setting for the control system. The NO emissions controlled by the overfire air and CO emissions controlled by the underfire air produced the best results.

Schnelle, K.B.; Laungphairojana, A.; Debelak, K.A. [Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering

2006-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

220

Observation of EHO in NSTX and Theoretical Study of its Active Control Using HHFW Antenna  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two important topics in the tokamak ELM control, using the non-axisymmetric (3D) magnetic perturbations, are studied in NSTX and combined envisioning ELM control in the future NSTX-U operation: Experimental observations of the edge harmonic oscillation in NSTX (not necessarily the same as EHOs in DIII-D), and theoretical study of its external drive using the high harmonic fast wave (HHFW) antenna as a 3D field coil. Edge harmonic oscillations were observed particularly well in NSTX ELM-free operation with low n core modes, with various diagnostics confirming n = 4 ~#24; 6 edge-localized and coherent oscillations in 2 ~#24; 8kHz frequency range. These oscillations seem to have a favored operational window in rotational shear, similarly to EHOs in DIII-D QH modes . However, in NSTX, they are not observed to provide particle or impurity control, possibly due to their weak amplitudes, of a few mm displacements, as measured by reflectometry. The external drive of these modes has been proposed in NSTX, by utilizing audio-frequency currents in the HHFW antenna straps. Analysis shows that the HHFW straps can be optimized to maximize n = 4 ~#24; 6 while minimizing n = 1 ~#24; 3. Also, IPEC calculations show that the optimized configuration with only 1kAt current can produce comparable or larger displacements than the observed internal modes. If this optimized external drive can be constructively combined, or further resonated with the internal modes, the edge harmonic oscillations in NSTX may be able to produce sufficient particle control to modify ELMs.

J.-K. Park, et. al.

2013-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "necessarily constitute control" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Quantum error control codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

QUANTUM ERROR CONTROL CODES A Dissertation by SALAH ABDELHAMID AWAD ALY AHMED Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY May 2008 Major... Subject: Computer Science QUANTUM ERROR CONTROL CODES A Dissertation by SALAH ABDELHAMID AWAD ALY AHMED Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY...

Abdelhamid Awad Aly Ahmed, Sala

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

222

Biological Control of Saltcedar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

infesting the Pecos River has been treated recently with aerially applied herbicides. Plans are to expand this program to the Colorado River and other areas. Biological control can complement these herbicide programs, as the beetles can help suppress... saltcedar trees to justify the cost of aerial sprays. Cooperating agencies The Saltcedar Biological Control Program in Texas is a cooperative effort among many federal, state, public and private agencies and groups. The USDA-Agricultural Research Service...

Knutson, Allen E.; DeLoach, C. Jack; Muegge, Mark A.

2003-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

223

Optically Controlled Jitter Generator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new simple circuit producing random pulse trains is proposed and experimentally studied. The circuit is composed of an operational amplifier and two feedback links, one of which comprises two photodiodes. The photodiodes are responsible for nonlinearity in the feedback. By varying the illumination it is possible to control the nonlinearity in the photodiode current-voltage characteristics and change the degree of randomness in the oscillations. The circuit's simplicity and optical control make it attractive for coupled map lattices.

Julia Manasson; V. A. Manasson

2006-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

224

Patch Panel Control Room  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Patch Panel CCR-EE-092 Control Room CCR-EE-100 Control Room Optic Patch Rack CSS-EE-954 Junction (PC Fault Event) Patch Panel CCC-EE-209 Junction Area E O PC Fault Event PC Fault Event PC Fault Event CNBS-EE-358 138' Level Patch Panel CNBS-EE-389 138' Level E E E Crates 9, 19 COH1-EE-651 FCPC Crates 21

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

225

Overflow control valve  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An overflow control valve for use in a liquid sodium coolant pump tank which valve can be extended to create a seal with the pump tank wall or retracted to break the seal thereby accommodating valve removal. An actuating shaft which controls valve disc position also has cams which bear on roller surfaces to force retraction of a sliding cylinder against spring tension to retract the cylinder from sealing contact with the pump tank.

Hundal, Rolv (Hempfield, PA); Kessinger, Boyd A. (Murrysville, PA); Parlak, Edward A. (North Huntingdon, PA)

1984-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

226

Pit disassembly motion control  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A Department of Energy (DOE) Pit Disassembly and Conversion Facility (PDCF) is being designed for the Savannah River Site in South Carolina. The facility will recover plutonium from excess nuclear weapon pits defined in START II and START III treaties. The plutonium will be stored and used to produce mixed oxide reactor fuel at another new DOE facility. Because of radiation dose issues, much of the pit disassembly work and material transfer will be automated. Automated material handling systems will interface with disassembly lathes, conversion reactors that produce oxide for storage, robotic container welding stations, vault retrieval systems, and nondestructive assay (NDA) instrumentation. The goal is to use common motion control hardware for material transfer and possibly common motion controllers for the unique PDCF systems. The latter is complicated by the different directions manufactures are considering for distributed control, such as Firewire, SERCOS, etc., and by the unique control requirements of machines such as lathes compared to controls for an integrated NDA system. The current design approach is to standardize where possible, use network cables to replace wire bundles where possible, but to first select hardware and motion controllers that meet specific machine or process requirements.

Christensen, L. (Lowell); Pittman, P. C. (Pete C.)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Nuclear reactor control column  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The nuclear reactor control column comprises a column disposed within the nuclear reactor core having a variable cross-section hollow channel and containing balls whose vertical location is determined by the flow of the reactor coolant through the column. The control column is divided into three basic sections wherein each of the sections has a different cross-sectional area. The uppermost section of the control column has the greatest cross-sectional area, the intermediate section of the control column has the smallest cross-sectional area, and the lowermost section of the control column has the intermediate cross-sectional area. In this manner, the area of the uppermost section can be established such that when the reactor coolant is flowing under normal conditions therethrough, the absorber balls will be lifted and suspended in a fluidized bed manner in the upper section. However, when the reactor coolant flow falls below a predetermined value, the absorber balls will fall through the intermediate section and into the lowermost section, thereby reducing the reactivity of the reactor core and shutting down the reactor.

Bachovchin, Dennis M. (Plum Borough, PA)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Aquatic plant control research  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Northwest region of the United States contains extensive canal systems that transport water for hydropower generation. Nuisance plants, including algae, that grow in these systems reduce their hydraulic capacity through water displacement and increased surface friction. Most control methods are applied in an ad hoc fashion. The goal of this work is to develop cost-effective, environmentally sound, long-term management strategies to prevent and control nuisance algal growth. This paper reports on a multi-year study, performed in collaboration with the Pacific Gas & Electric Company, to investigate algal growth in their canal systems, and to evaluate various control methodologies. Three types of controls, including mechanical, biological and chemical treatment, were selected for testing and evaluation. As part of this study, water quality data were collected and algal communities were sampled from numerous stations throughout the distribution system at regular intervals. This study resulted in a more comprehensive understanding of conditions leading to the development of nuisance algal growth, a better informed selection of treatment plans, and improved evaluation of the effectiveness for the control strategies selected for testing.

Pryfogle, P.A.; Rinehart, B.N. [Idaho National Engineering Lab., Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Ghio, E.G. [Pacific Gas & Electric Company, San Francisco, CA (United States). Hydro Generation Engineering

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

MANAGEMENT CONTROL SYSTEM IN PUBLIC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 MANAGEMENT CONTROL SYSTEM IN PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION: BEYOND RATIONAL MYTHS Nicolas Berland of practices around their management control systems. Despite some apparent failures, the implemented systems organizations have developed management control systems. Historically, these systems have been invented

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

230

Performance of convergence-based variable-gain control of optical storage drives  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, a method for the performance assessment of a variable-gain control design for optical storage drives is proposed. The variable-gain strategy is used to overcome well-known linear control design trade-offs between low-frequency tracking properties and high-frequency noise sensitivity. A convergence-based control design is proposed that guarantees stability of the closed-loop system and a unique bounded steady-state response for any bounded disturbance. These favourable properties, guaranteed by virtue of convergence, allow for a unique performance evaluation of the control system. Moreover, technical conditions for convergence are derived for the variable-gain controlled system and a quantitative performance measure, taking into account both low-frequency tracking properties and high-frequency measurement noise sensitivity, is proposed. The convergence conditions together with the performance measure jointly constitute a design tool for tuning the parameters of the variable-gain controller. The resulting design is shown to outperform linear control designs.

N. van de Wouw; H.A. Pastink; M.F. Heertjes; A.V. Pavlov; H. Nijmeijer

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Transactive Control and Coordination  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Transactive Control and Coordination Transactive Control and Coordination Speaker(s): Robert Pratt Date: March 15, 2013 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Mary Ann Piette Transactive control and coordination is PNNL's approach to operationalizing smart grid distributed assets. It is a specific case of the general class of techniques the GridWise Architecture Council refers to as transactive energy - "techniques for managing the generation, consumption or flow of electric power within an electric power system through the use of economic- or market-based constructs, with full consideration of grid reliability constraints. The term "transactive" comes from considering that decisions are made based on a value. These decisions may be analogous to or literally economic

232

2006 environmental controls conference  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The two topics covered at the conference were: selective catalytic reduction (SCR) and selection non-catalytic reduction (SNCR) for NOx control, and techniques for managing sulfur trioxide. A total of 45 presentations are summarized on the NETL website of which 22 are available in full. These include keynote addresses for each of the two major topics. In addition four poster papers are listed. The papers are arranged in sections headed: regulatory considerations; overview of SCR/SNCR; managing SCR catalysts; gas monitoring and analysis; predictive performance tools; non-coal applications; layered SCR; flow distribution and modeling; hybrid systems; innovative applications; SO{sub 2} conversion to SO{sub 3}; SO{sub 3} overview; acid gas control issues; sorbent injection for acid gas migration; and effects of SO{sub 3} on mercury control.

NONE

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Dynamic PID loop control  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Horizontal Test Stand (HTS) SRF Cavity and Cryomodule 1 (CM1) of eight 9-cell, 1.3GHz SRF cavities are operating at Fermilab. For the cryogenic control system, how to hold liquid level constant in the cryostat by regulation of its Joule-Thompson JT-valve is very important after cryostat cool down to 2.0 K. The 72-cell cryostat liquid level response generally takes a long time delay after regulating its JT-valve; therefore, typical PID control loop should result in some cryostat parameter oscillations. This paper presents a type of PID parameter self-optimal and Time-Delay control method used to reduce cryogenic system parameters oscillation.

Pei, L.; Klebaner, A.; Theilacker, J.; Soyars, W.; Martinez, A.; Bossert, R.; DeGraff, B.; Darve, C.; /Fermilab

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Voltage controlled current source  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A seven decade, voltage controlled current source is described for use in testing intermediate range nuclear instruments that covers the entire test current range of from 10 picoamperes to 100 microamperes. High accuracy is obtained throughout the entire seven decades of output current with circuitry that includes a coordinated switching scheme responsive to the input signal from a hybrid computer to control the input voltage to an antilog amplifier, and to selectively connect a resistance to the antilog amplifier output to provide a continuous output current source as a function of a preset range of input voltage. An operator controlled switch provides current adjustment for operation in either a real-time simulation test mode or a time response test mode.

Casne, Gregory M. (Pittsburgh, PA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Mercury control in 2009  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Although activated carbon injection (ACI) has been proven to be effective for many configurations and is a preferred option at many plants sufficient quantities of powdered activated coking (PAC) must be available to meet future needs. The authors estimate that upcoming federal and state regulations will result in tripling the annual US demand for activated carbon to nearly 1.5 billion lb from approximately 450 million lb. Rapid expansion of US production capacity is required. Many PAC manufacturers are discussing expansion of their existing production capabilities. One company, ADA Carbon Solutions, is in the process of constructing the largest activated carbon facility in North America to meet the future demand for PAC as a sorbent for mercury control. Emission control technology development and commercialization is driven by regulation and legislation. Although ACI will not achieve > 90% mercury control at every plant, the expected required MACT legislation level, it offers promise as a low-cost primary mercury control technology option for many configurations and an important trim technology for others. ACI has emerged as the clear mercury-specific control option of choice, representing over 98% of the commercial mercury control system orders to date. As state regulations are implemented and the potential for a federal rule becomes more imminent, suppliers are continuing to develop technologies to improve the cost effectiveness and limit the balance of plant impacts associated with ACI and are developing additional PAC production capabilities to ensure that the industry's needs are met. The commercialisation of ACI is a clear example of industry, through the dedication of many individuals and companies with support from the DOE and EPRI, meeting the challenge of developing cost-effectively reducing emissions from coal-fired power plants. 7 refs., 1 fig.

Sjostrom, S.; Durham, M.; Bustard, J.; Martin, C. [ADA Environmental Solutions, Littleton, CO (United States)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

236

Cost Controls Pay Off Big  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cost Controls Pay Off Big ... Biggest plus was the general improvement in the economy; but to this must be added successful efforts by industry to control costs. ...

1959-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

237

Standards for Contamination Control Areas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The objective of standards and specifications used for contamination control is to establish controls and definitions that will allow satisfactory cleanroom construction and good product fabrication within cleanr...

Alvin Lieberman

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

January 2007 SECURITY CONTROLS FOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for their information systems. Security controls are the management, operational, and technical safeguards for their information systems. Security controls are the management, operational, and technical safeguards

239

Superconducting VAR control. [Patent application  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Static VAR control means are described employing an asymmetrically controlled Graetz bridge and a superconducting direct current coil having low losses and low cost characteristics.

Boenig, H.J.; Hassenzahl, W.V.

1980-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

240

Lighting Group: Controls: IBECS  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

IBECS IBECS Integrated Building Environmental Communications System Objective The overall technical goal of the IBECS project is to develop an integrated building equipment communications network that will allow appropriate automation of lighting and envelope systems to increase energy efficiency, improve building performance, and enhance occupant experience in the space. This network will provide a low-cost means for occupants to control local lighting and window systems, thereby improving occupant comfort, satisfaction and performance. A related goal is to improve existing lighting control components and accelerate development of new daylighting technologies that will allow daylighting to be more extensively applied to a larger proportion of building floor space.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "necessarily constitute control" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Material control evaluation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Changes in the Department of Energy`s (DOE) scope of work have stimulated several laboratories and commercial companies to develop and apply technology to enhance nuclear material control. Accountability, inventory, radiation exposure, and insider protection concerns increase as many DOE facilities require increased storage. This paper summarizes a study of the existing material control technologies. The goal of the study is to identify, characterize, and quantify the trade-offs associated with using these technologies to provide real-time information on stored nuclear material that in turn supports decreasing the frequency of inventories conducted by site personnel.

Waddoups, I.G.; Anspach, D.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (US); Abbott, J.A. [EG& G Kirtland Operations, Albuquerque, NM (US)

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Torras: Robot Arm Control 1 Robot Arm Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Torras: Robot Arm Control 1 Robot Arm Control Carme Torras Institut de Rob#18;otica i Inform#18;atica Industrial (CSIC-UPC) Llorens i Artigas 4-6, 08028-Barcelona. RUNNING HEAD: Robot Arm Control: 34-93-401.57.50 e-mail: ctorras@iri.upc.es #12; Torras: Robot Arm Control 2 INTRODUCTION A robot

Torras, Carme

243

Control Volume Analysis, Entropy Balance and the Entropy Production in Flow Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This chapter concerns "control volume analysis", the standard engineering tool for the analysis of flow systems, and its application to entropy balance calculations. Firstly, the principles of control volume analysis are enunciated and applied to flows of conserved quantities (e.g. mass, momentum, energy) through a control volume, giving integral (Reynolds transport theorem) and differential forms of the conservation equations. Several definitions of steady state are discussed. The concept of "entropy" is then established using Jaynes' maximum entropy method, both in general and in equilibrium thermodynamics. The thermodynamic entropy then gives the "entropy production" concept. Equations for the entropy production are then derived for simple, integral and infinitesimal flow systems. Some technical aspects are examined, including discrete and continuum representations of volume elements, the effect of radiation, and the analysis of systems subdivided into compartments. A Reynolds decomposition of the entropy production equation then reveals an "entropy production closure problem" in fluctuating dissipative systems: even at steady state, the entropy production based on mean flow rates and gradients is not necessarily in balance with the outward entropy fluxes based on mean quantities. Finally, a direct analysis of an infinitesimal element by Jaynes' maximum entropy method yields a theoretical framework with which to predict the steady state of a flow system. This is cast in terms of a "minimum flux potential" principle, which reduces, in different circumstances, to maximum or minimum entropy production (MaxEP or MinEP) principles. It is hoped that this chapter inspires others to attain a deeper understanding and higher technical rigour in the calculation and extremisation of the entropy production in flow systems of all types.

Robert K. Niven; Bernd R. Noack

2014-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

244

Redundant marine engine control system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An electro-mechanical engine control system is described for the shift and throttle functions of marine engines which comprises an electronically-controlled mechanical servo control means coupleable to the shift and throttle functions of a marine engine; a manually-operable ship-board operator engine shift and throttle control means; and an electro-mechanical transfer means coupled to the operator control means and to the servo control means for transferring operator shift and throttle settings to the servo control means, the transfer means being both electronically and mechanically coupled to the servo control means and being constructed and arranged whereby the transfer means will mechanically actuate the servo control means in the absence of electrical power and will electronically actuate the servo control means when electrical power is applied to the servo control means; the transfer means including coupling means preferentially electrically-coupling the operator control means to the servo control means, the coupling means being so constructed and arranged to automatically mechanically-couple the operator control means to the servo control means in the event of electrical power failure and to automatically electrically-couple the operator control means to the servo control means when electrical power is restored.

Burkenpas, R.W.

1993-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

245

Controlling Graphene's Electronic Structure  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Controlling Graphene's Electronic Structure Print Controlling Graphene's Electronic Structure Print Graphene, because of its unusual electron properties, reduced dimensionality, and scale, has enormous potential for use in ultrafast electronic transistors. It exhibits high conductivity and an anomalous quantum Hall effect (a phenomenon exhibited by certain semiconductor devices at low temperatures and high magnetic fields). Among its novel properties, graphene's electrical charge carriers (electrons and holes) move through a solid with effectively zero mass and constant velocity, like photons. Graphene's intrinsically low scattering rate from defects implies the possibility of a new kind of electronics based on the manipulation of electrons as waves rather than particles. The primary technical difficulty has been controlling the transport of electrical charge carriers through the sheet. This area of research is known as bandgap engineering. While bandgap engineering is the basis of semiconductor technology, it is only now being applied to graphene. Using angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) at ALS Beamline 7.0.1, a team of scientists from the ALS and Germany characterized the electronic band structure and successfully controlled the gap between valence and conduction bands in a bilayer of graphene thin films deposited on a substrate of silicon carbide. This was done by doping one sheet with adsorbed potassium atoms, creating an asymmetry between the two layers.

246

Controlled Nuclear Fusion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... papers have an English abstract. Translations of the Russian papers have already been published in Nuclear Fusion. It is a great pity, for Western readers at least, that the Russian ... two volumes are obviously going to be standard reference books for those interested in controlled nuclear fusion. They also contain a large amount of information, particularly on the theoretical side, ...

GEORGE ROWLANDS

1970-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

247

Electronic turbocharger control  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A turbocharger is described comprising: a turbine adapted to be rotatably driven by exhaust gas flow from an engine; a compressor rotatably driven by the turbine and adapted to deliver pressurized airflow to the engine; housing means for defining a turbine gas inlet and outlet to direct gas flow to and from the turbine, and for defining a compressor air inlet and outlet to direct airflow to and from the compressor, the housing means further defining a wastegate passage interconnecting the turbine gas inlet and outlet in bypassing relation the turbine; a valve in the wastegate passage for modulating the volume of gas flow therethrough in bypassing relation to the turbine, the valve arranged such that pressure of gas flow in the turbine gas inlet urge the valve toward an open position; an actuator operably engaging the valve for moving the latter; biasing means operably engaging the actuator for urging the valve toward a closed position; means for generating an electrical control signal in response to an engine operating parameter; and control means responsive to the electrical control signal for engaging and disengaging the actuator, the control means operable upon engaging the actuator to override the urgings of the biasing means and the turbine inlet pressure and hold the actuator and the valve stationary.

Elpern, D.G.

1987-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

248

Internal Control Program  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To ensure sound internal controls and overall consistency in exercising the statutory authorities that vest in the Secretary, the Administrator, National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), and Department's Chief Financial Officer (CFO), and to implement the Federal Managers' Financial Integrity Act of 1982 and related central agency guidance. Cancels DOE O 413.1A.

2008-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

249

Tick Control (Spanish)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

E-150S 5-02 Mike Merchant Extension Entomologist Texas Cooperative Extension The Texas A&M University System El Control de Garrapatas L as garrapatas son una plaga mordedora de forma aplanada que tiene ocho patas y a menudo se encuentra en las...

Merchant, Michael E.

2002-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

250

Thermophotovoltaic Spectral Control  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Spectral control is a key technology for thermophotovoltaic (TPV) direct energy conversion systems because only a fraction (typically less than 25%) of the incident thermal radiation has energy exceeding the diode bandgap energy, E{sub g}, and can thus be converted to electricity. The goal for TPV spectral control in most applications is twofold: (1) Maximize TPV efficiency by minimizing transfer of low energy, below bandgap photons from the radiator to the TPV diode. (2) Maximize TPV surface power density by maximizing transfer of high energy, above bandgap photons from the radiator to the TPV diode. TPV spectral control options include: front surface filters (e.g. interference filters, plasma filters, interference/plasma tandem filters, and frequency selective surfaces), back surface reflectors, and wavelength selective radiators. System analysis shows that spectral performance dominates diode performance in any practical TPV system, and that low bandgap diodes enable both higher efficiency and power density when spectral control limitations are considered. Lockheed Martin has focused its efforts on front surface tandem filters which have achieved spectral efficiencies of {approx}83% for E{sub g} = 0.52 eV and {approx}76% for E{sub g} = 0.60 eV for a 950 C radiator temperature.

DM DePoy; PM Fourspring; PF Baldasaro; JF Beausang; EJ Brown; MW Dashiel; KD Rahner; TD Rahmlow; JE Lazo-Wasem; EJ Gratrix; B Wemsman

2004-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

251

Motors Motor controllers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aluminium frame Motors Motor controllers Ultrasonic multi-channel acquisition PC Tank Tank 400 600 800 1000 0 50 2 4 6 8 x 10 -3 r/r 0 Range (mm) Depth(mm) 25 /t Tand / or #12;Shallow water

252

Heliostat control system strategies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this study is to identify, evaluate, and recommend potential alternatives to methods currently employed in the control of and communication with a heliostat array in a solar thermal power plant. The principle goal of this study is to demonstrate the feasibility of reducing significantly the current projected costs for heliostat array communication, control and actuator subsystems. A number of alternatives to the present technique of using dedicated data transmission cables for communication between a central computer and heliostat computer are described in the paper. It appears that by converting to a radio frequency communication system or a carrier-current system that a number of problems (including cost) associated with dedicated data transmission cable can be avoided. To relieve the computing load of the central computer it is suggested that the heliostat microcomputer be given more direct responsibility for sun vector calculations and error compensation routines for each individual heliostat. By using the radio frequency or carriercurrent communication scheme, and increasing each heliostat computer's computing load, there will be a significant reduction of cost for control of the heliostat field for third generation solar thermal power plants. The results of this study indicate that the combined communication, control, and actuator subsystem costs can potentially be reduced to less than $500/heliostat (approximately $9/m/sup 2/); this is a significant reduction compared with the current projected corresponding composite costs of $1343/heliostat (approximately $25/m/sup 2/) for the second generation concept.

Pearson, J.; Chen, B.

1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Control Engineering Practice ] (  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of two-phase pipeline-riser systems at riser slugging conditions Espen Storkaasa,1 , Sigurd Skogestadb properties of a typical pipeline-riser system. Analysis of the model reveals a very interesting theoretically that riser slugging in pipeline-riser systems can be avoided with a simple control system

Skogestad, Sigurd

254

Adaptive sequential controller  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An adaptive sequential controller (50/50') for controlling a circuit breaker (52) or other switching device to substantially eliminate transients on a distribution line caused by closing and opening the circuit breaker. The device adaptively compensates for changes in the response time of the circuit breaker due to aging and environmental effects. A potential transformer (70) provides a reference signal corresponding to the zero crossing of the voltage waveform, and a phase shift comparator circuit (96) compares the reference signal to the time at which any transient was produced when the circuit breaker closed, producing a signal indicative of the adaptive adjustment that should be made. Similarly, in controlling the opening of the circuit breaker, a current transformer (88) provides a reference signal that is compared against the time at which any transient is detected when the circuit breaker last opened. An adaptive adjustment circuit (102) produces a compensation time that is appropriately modified to account for changes in the circuit breaker response, including the effect of ambient conditions and aging. When next opened or closed, the circuit breaker is activated at an appropriately compensated time, so that it closes when the voltage crosses zero and opens when the current crosses zero, minimizing any transients on the distribution line. Phase angle can be used to control the opening of the circuit breaker relative to the reference signal provided by the potential transformer.

El-Sharkawi, Mohamed A. (Renton, WA); Xing, Jian (Seattle, WA); Butler, Nicholas G. (Newberg, OR); Rodriguez, Alonso (Pasadena, CA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

21 - Milling Control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter discusses milling control. Brix graph curves are used to denote and compare mill control efficiency. The degree to which the values obtained in the mills approach the theoretical curve indicates how well each mill is doing its work. To establish these brix curves, the brix of back-roller juice is generally taken. In dry crushing mills, the brix of the feed-roller juice is higher. In wet crushing mills, on the contrary, it is the back-roller juice which has the higher brix. Mill control is based on an equation expressing the fact that the weight of material entering the milling plant is equal to the weight leaving, cane = imbibition water = mixed juice = bagasse. This equation though does not work out strictly correct in practice. The basic equation serves mainly to determine the weight of bagasse, the three other terms being generally weighed or measured. Also, before analysis, the bagasse, in turn, also loses a small fraction of its weight, which is generally negligible. One important method for milling control calculation is using the Hawaiian method.

E. HUGOT

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Turbocharger control system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A turbocharger control system is described for an engine having a turbocharger with a variable output compressor driven by a variable input turbine, the compressor boosting the pressure of an input manifold of the engine and the turbine being run from the exhaust gases of the engine. The control system consists of: a computing circuit including input circuit means for receiving input signals representative of operational parameters of the engine, programmable memory means for storing predetermined tabular data and sequential and computational instructions, processor means responsive to the memory means for receiving the input signals and generating output signals as a function of the input signals, tabular data, and instructions, and output circuit means for outputing the plurality of output signals, sensor means connected to the engine and the computing circuit for sensing the pressure in the manifold, the temperature of the exhaust gases, the speed of the engine, and position of the throttle, compressor and turbine actuators of the engine and generating signals representative thereof; and actuator means connected to the output circuit means for controlling the position of the actuators in response to predetermined ones of the output signals, respectively; the computing circuit, sensor means, and actuator means defining a turbine control loop for regulating the input of the exhaust gasses to the turbine as a function of the error difference between an optimum manifold pressure of the engine and the actual manifold pressure of the engine; and a compressor control loop for regulating the output of air flow from the compressor as a function of the speed and acceleration of the engine.

Fujawa, C.S.; Masteller, S.B.

1986-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

257

Intelligent Actuation Control Using Model-Free Adaptive Control Technology  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Intelligent Actuation Control Using Intelligent Actuation Control Using Model-Free Adaptive Control Technology Background The Advanced Research Sensors and Controls Program is leading the effort to develop sensing and control technologies and methods to achieve seamlessly integrated and intelligent power systems. The program is led by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) and is implemented

258

Fuzzy logic in process control: A new fuzzy logic controller and an improved fuzzy-internal model controller.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Two fuzzy controllers are presented. A fuzzy controller with intermediate variable designed for cascade control purposes is presented as the FCIV controller. An intermediate variable (more)

García Z., Yohn E

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Robust quantum control using smooth pulses and topological winding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Powerful future technologies based on coherent quantum dynamical systems require an unprecedented level of control. Perhaps the greatest challenge in achieving such control is the decoherence induced by the environment, a problem which pervades experimental quantum physics and is particularly severe in the context of solid state quantum computing and nanoscale quantum devices because of the inherently strong coupling to the surrounding material. Recent years have seen rapid improvement in the quality of materials and in the design and fabrication of such systems, and it is crucial to match this progress with similar advances in the external control protocols used to manipulate quantum states so that the high levels of quantum coherence needed for technological applications persist despite the invariable presence of environmental noise. Here, we present an analytical approach that yields explicit constraints on the driving field which ensure that the leading-order noise-induced errors in a qubit's evolution cancel exactly. We derive constraints for two of the most common types of non-Markovian noise that arise in qubits: slow fluctuations of the qubit energy splitting and fluctuations in the driving field itself. By theoretically recasting a phase in the qubit's wavefunction as a topological winding number, we can satisfy the noise-cancelation conditions by adjusting driving field parameters without altering the target state or quantum evolution. We demonstrate our method by constructing robust quantum gates for two types of spin qubit: phosphorous donors in silicon and nitrogen-vacancy centers in diamond. Our results constitute an important step toward achieving robust generic control of quantum systems, bringing their novel applications closer to realization.

Edwin Barnes; Xin Wang; S. Das Sarma

2014-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

260

Modular multivariable control improves hydrocracking  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Modular multivariable control (MMC), a system of interconnected, single process variable controllers, can be a user-friendly, reliable and cost-effective alternative to centralized, large-scale multivariable control packages. MMC properties and features derive directly from the properties of the coordinated controller which, in turn, is based on internal model control technology. MMC was applied to a hydrocracking unit involving two process variables and three controller outputs. The paper describes modular multivariable control, MMC properties, tuning considerations, application at the DCS level, constraints handling, and process application and results.

Chia, T.L.; Lefkowitz, I. [ControlSoft, Inc., Cleveland, OH (United States); Tamas, P.D. [Marathon Oil Co., Robinson, IL (United States)

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "necessarily constitute control" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information (UCNI) | Department...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information (UCNI) Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information (UCNI) Welcome to the Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information (UCNI) webpage....

262

Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information Training | Department...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information Training Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information Training Training Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information for persons with...

263

Implementation of chemical controls through a backfill system for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A backfill system has been designed for the WIPP which will control the chemical environment of the post-closure repository to a domain where the actinide solubility is within its lowest region. The actinide solubility is highly dependent on the chemical species which constitute the fluid, the resulting pH of the fluid, and oxidation state of the actinide which is stable under the specific conditions. The implementation of magnesium oxide (MgO) as the backfill material not only controls the pH of the expected fluids but also effectively removes the carbonate from the system, which has a significant impact for actinide solubility. The selection process, emplacement system, design, and confirmatory experimental results are presented.

Bynum, R.V. [Science Applications International Corp., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Stockman, C.; Wang, Yifeng; Peterson, A.; Krumhansl, J.; Nowak, J.; Chu, M.S.Y. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Cotton, J.; Patchet, S.J. [Westinghouse Electric Corp., Carlsbad, NM (United States). Waste Isolation Div.

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Long-time tails do not necessarily imply self-organized criticality or the breakdown of the standard transport paradigm  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Numerical measurements and analytical studies are performed on a stochastic model with features relevant to plasma confinement. Although the model lacks crucial features of self-organized criticality (SOC) and its transport can be computed by standard techniques, it nevertheless exhibits intermittency and algebraic time correlations. This suggests that SOC need not be the explanation for observed long-time tails in experimental fluctuation data. Arguments based on the renormalized spectral balance equation, and simulation of a standard nonlinear paradigm, predict a range of Hurst exponents in reasonable agreement with the observations without invoking submarginal dynamics.

Krommes, J.A.; Ottaviani, M.

2000-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

265

Control power in perfect controlled teleportation via partially entangled channels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze and evaluate perfect controlled teleportation via three-qubit entangled channels from the point of view of the controller. The key idea in controlled teleportation is that the teleportation is performed only with the participation of the controller. We calculate a quantitative measure of the controller's power and establish a lower bound on the control power required for controlled teleportation. We show that the maximally entangled GHZ state is a suitable channel for controlled teleportation of arbitrary single qubits - the controller's power meets the bound and the teleportation fidelity without the controller's permission is no better than the fidelity of a classical channel. We also construct partially entangled channels that exceed the bound for controlled teleportation of a restricted set of states called the equatorial states. We calculate the minimum entanglement required in these channels to exceed the bound. Moreover, we find that in these restricted controlled teleportation schemes, the partially entangled channels can outperform maximally entangled channels with respect to the controller's power. Our results provide a new perspective on controlled teleportation schemes and are of practical interest since we propose useful partially entangled channels.

Xi-Han Li; Shohini Ghose

2014-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

266

Johnson Controls: Editorial | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Editorial Johnson Controls: Editorial "It's time we control our own destiny" Johnson Controls: Editorial More Documents & Publications Johnson Controls: EISA Presentation Johnson...

267

Securing Control Systems Modems  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Recommended Practice for Securing Recommended Practice for Securing Control System Modems January 2008 iii ABSTRACT This paper addresses an often overlooked "backdoor" into critical infrastructure control systems created by modem connections. A modem's connection to the public telephone system is similar to a corporate network connection to the Internet. By tracing typical attack paths into the system, this paper provides the reader with an analysis of the problem and then guides the reader through methods to evaluate existing modem security. Following the analysis, a series of methods for securing modems is provided. These methods are correlated to well-known networking security methods. iv ACKNOWLEDGEMENT This document was developed for the U.S. Department of Homeland

268

Hybrid powertrain controller  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A hybrid powertrain for a vehicle comprising a diesel engine and an electric motor in a parallel arrangement with a multiple ratio transmission located on the torque output side of the diesel engine, final drive gearing connecting drivably the output shaft of transmission to traction wheels of the vehicle, and an electric motor drivably coupled to the final drive gearing. A powertrain controller schedules fuel delivered to the diesel engine and effects a split of the total power available, a portion of the power being delivered by the diesel and the balance of the power being delivered by the motor. A shifting schedule for the multiple ratio transmission makes it possible for establishing a proportional relationship between accelerator pedal movement and torque desired at the wheels. The control strategy for the powertrain maintains drivability of the vehicle that resembles drivability of a conventional spark ignition vehicle engine powertrain while achieving improved fuel efficiency and low exhaust gas emissions.

Jankovic, Miroslava (Birmingham, MI); Powell, Barry Kay (Belleville, MI)

2000-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

269

Control: A perspective  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Feedback is an ancient idea, but feedback control is a young field. Nature long ago discovered feedback since it is essential for homeostasis and life. It was the key for harnessing power in the industrial revolution and is today found everywhere around us. Its development as a field involved contributions from engineers, mathematicians, economists and physicists. It is the first systems discipline; it represented a paradigm shift because it cut across the traditional engineering disciplines of aeronautical, chemical, civil, electrical and mechanical engineering, as well as economics and operations research. The scope of control makes it the quintessential multidisciplinary field. Its complex story of evolution is fascinating, and a perspective on its growth is presented in this paper. The interplay of industry, applications, technology, theory and research is discussed.

Karl J. A?strm; P.R. Kumar

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Radiological Control Technician Training  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Documentation ............................................................................2.01-1 Documentation ............................................................................2.01-1 Module 2.02 Communication Systems ..................................................................................2.02-1 Module 2.03 Counting Errors and Statistics ..........................................................................2.03-1 Module 2.04 Dosimetry .........................................................................................................2.04-1 Module 2.05 Contamination Control .....................................................................................2.05-1 Module 2.06 Airborne Sampling Program/Methods .............................................................2.06-1 Module 2.07 Respiratory Protection ......................................................................................2.07-1

271

Radiological Control Technician Training  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Radiological Control Technician Training Facility Practical Training Attachment Phase IV Coordinated and Conducted for the Office of Health, Safety and Security U.S. Department of Energy DOE-HDBK-1122-2009 ii This page intentionally left blank DOE-HDBK-1122-2009 iii Table of Contents Page Introduction................................................................................................................................1 Facility Job Performance Measures ........................................................................................2 Final Verification Signatures ....................................................................................................3 DOE-HDBK-1122-2009 iv

272

Radiological Control Technician Training  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Documentation Documentation ............................................................................2.01-1 Module 2.02 Communication Systems ..................................................................................2.02-1 Module 2.03 Counting Errors and Statistics ..........................................................................2.03-1 Module 2.04 Dosimetry .........................................................................................................2.04-1 Module 2.05 Contamination Control .....................................................................................2.05-1 Module 2.06 Airborne Sampling Program/Methods .............................................................2.06-1 Module 2.07 Respiratory Protection ......................................................................................2.07-1

273

Stirling engine power control  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A power control method and apparatus for a Stirling engine including a valved duct connected to the junction of the regenerator and the cooler and running to a bypass chamber connected between the heater and the cylinder. An oscillating zone of demarcation between the hot and cold portions of the working gas is established in the bypass chamber, and the engine pistons and cylinders can run cold.

Fraser, James P. (Scotia, NY)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Controlling Feral Pigeons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Although some- what messy to apply, these repellents will remain effective for several months after application. They can be obtained at many feed stores or garden sup- ply centers. Frightening Devices Noise making devices such as fireworks, blank guns... also have limited use. Ultrasonic sound devices are manufactured for pigeon control, although their effectiveness is questionable. Sometimes spraying roosting pigeons with streams of water will cause the birds to relocate; however, it must be done...

Texas Wildlife Services

2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

275

Coherence Controlled Soliton Interactions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We demonstrate theoretically and subsequently observe in experiment a novel type of soliton interaction when a pair of closely spaced spatial optical solitons as a whole is made partially incoherent. We explain how the character of the soliton interaction can be controlled by the total partial incoherence, and show a possibility to change the soliton interaction from attractive to repulsive, or vice versa, near a certain threshold in the coherence parameter.

Ting-Sen Ku; Ming-Feng Shih; Andrey A. Sukhorukov; Yuri S. Kivshar

2005-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

276

Controlled CO preferential oxidation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Method is described for controlling the supply of air to a PROX (PReferential OXidation for CO cleanup) reactor for the preferential oxidation in the presence of hydrogen wherein the concentration of the hydrogen entering and exiting the PROX reactor is monitored, the difference there between correlated to the amount of air needed to minimize such difference, and based thereon the air supply to the PROX reactor adjusted to provide such amount and minimize such difference. 2 figs.

Meltser, M.A.; Hoch, M.M.

1997-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

277

Radiological Control Technician Training  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

7of 9 7of 9 Radiological Control Technician Training Practical Training Phase II Coordinated and Conducted for the Office of Health, Safety and Security U.S. Department of Energy DOE-HDBK-1122-2009 ii Table of Contents Page Introduction.............................................................................. ......1 Development of Job Performance Measures (JPMs)............................ .....1 Conduct Job Performance Evaluation...................................................3 Qualification Area: Radiological Instrumentation.......................................5 Task 2-1.................. ..................................................................... 5 Objective.............................................................................. 5

278

Pitch control capacitance coupling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A variable pitch propeller system is described having a stationary side and a rotating side, the rotating side including a plurality of variable pitch propeller blades, as characterized by: first means mounted upon the stationary side for sending control signals to set blade pitch and for receiving position signals relative to the blade pitch; second means mounted upon the rotating side for receiving the control signals and for sending the position signals; and a communications link for carrying the signals between the first and second means, the link having; a high side capacitor having a first plate mounted to the stationary side and electrically attaching to the first means; a low side capacitor having a first plate mounted to the stationary side and attaching electrically to the first means and a second plate mounted to the rotating side and electrically attaching to the second means such that the low side capacitor provides a differential, low potential return path for the control signals from the second means to the first means and the position signals from the first means to the second means.

Wyrostek, A.J.; Mayo, M.G.

1988-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

279

Method of turbocharger control  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes a method of turbocharger control in a vehicle having an engine and a turbocharger for increasing the density of at least the air entering a cylinder of the engine. The turbocharger has at least a compressor and a turbine coupled by a shaft and a nozzle to increase the angular momentum of the flow of gas to the turbine. The nozzle has a housing and movable vanes to vary the angle and velocity that the exhaust gas hits the wheel of the turbine, and actuator for moving the vanes, a can separated by a diaphragm and having an A side and B side for actuating the actuator, solenoid-actuated valves for controlling the pressure in the A and B sides of the can, an electronic control unit (ECU) having memory for storing data and predetermined values and for actuating and de-actuating the solenoid-actuated valves, a plurality of inputs to the ECU for providing input data indicative of engine temperature, engine speed, vehicle speed, intake manifold pressure, throttle angle, engine knock and charge air temperature.

Lyon, K.M.

1990-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

280

Crawling the Control System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Information about accelerator operations and the control system resides in various formats in a variety of places on the lab network. There are operating procedures, technical notes, engineering drawings, and other formal controlled documents. There are programmer references and API documentation generated by tools such as doxygen and javadoc. There are the thousands of electronic records generated by and stored in databases and applications such as electronic logbooks, training materials, wikis, and bulletin boards and the contents of text-based configuration files and log files that can also be valuable sources of information. The obvious way to aggregate all these sources is to index them with a search engine that users can then query from a web browser. Toward this end, the Google "mini" search appliance was selected and implemented because of its low cost and its simple web-based configuration and management. In addition to crawling and indexing electronic documents, the appliance provides an API that has been used to supplement search results with live control system data such as current values of EPICS process variables and graphs of recent data from the archiver.

Theodore Larrieu

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "necessarily constitute control" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Design, modelling and control of a gas turbine air compressor .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The production of compressed air constitutes a considerable portion of industrial electrical consumption. An alternative to electrically driven air compression systems is a gas turbine (more)

WIESE, ASHLEY PETER

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Lighting Group: Controls and Communications  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Communications Communications Controls and Communications The Controls and Communications research activity investigates how digital technologies, such as Bluetooth, can be applied to building lighting control systems to increase building efficiency and improve occupant comfort and productivity. Projects range from embedded device networks applied to building lighting systems, to WiFi and environmental sensing and monitoring. light switch Current Projects IBECS (Integrated Building Environmental Communications System) Wireless Lighting Controls (with DUST Networks) HPCBS Advanced Digital Controls Building Control Systems Integration Completed Projects CEC Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Projects 450 Golden Gate Project New Publications Standardizing Communication Between Lighting Devices: A Role for

283

Johnson Controls ESCO Qualification Sheet  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Johnson Controls ESCO Qualification Sheet DOE Super ESPC Introduction to Johnson Controls Johnson Controls has been a worldwide leader in building controls and efficiency for over 120 years (since 1885). Johnson Controls has developed, designed, installed, financed, measured, verified, operated, maintained, and guaranteed the savings for more than 2,500 projects for our diverse customer base worldwide. Under current Federal ESPC contracts, we have Johnson Controls manages developed and implemented more than 75 projects for various a performance contracting agencies, including the Army, DOE, Air Force, Navy, General Services portfolio in the U.S. of over Administration, Department of Veterans Affairs, Justice Department, $4.3 billion

284

Application of programmable logic controllers to substation control and protection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the application of programmable logic controllers (PLCs) to control and protection of bulk power and regional supply substations. PLC requirements are discussed and the concept of zones of control is explained as applied to standard PP L substation arrangements. The use of a peer-to-peer communication network between logic controllers and other substation equipment is also discussed. Details of an installation completed in spring, 1992, are presented, including experience acquired from power system faults.

Gilbert, J.G.; Diehl, G.R. (Pennsylvania Power Light Co., Allentown, PA (United States))

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Control of household refrigerators. Part 1: Modeling temperature control performance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Commercial household refrigerators use simple, cost-effective, temperature controllers to obtain acceptable control. A manually adjusted airflow damper regulates the freezer compartment temperature while a thermostat controls operation of the compressor and evaporator fan to regulate refrigerator compartment temperature. Dual compartment temperature control can be achieved with automatic airflow dampers that function independently of the compressor and evaporator fan thermostat, resulting in improved temperature control quality and energy consumption. Under dual control, freezer temperature is controlled by the thermostat while the damper controls refrigerator temperature by regulating airflow circulation. A simulation model is presented that analyzes a household refrigerator configured with a conventional thermostat and both manual and automatic dampers. The model provides a new paradigm for investigating refrigerator systems and temperature control performance relative to the extensive verification testing that is typically done by manufacturers. The effects of each type of control and damper configuration are compared with respect to energy usage, control quality, and ambient temperature shift criteria. The results indicate that the appropriate control configuration can have significant effects and can improve plant performance.

Graviss, K.J.; Collins, R.L.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Management Control Cover  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Assess- Assess- ing Natural Resource Damage at Rocky Flats OAS-M-06-02 November 2005 REPORT ON MANAGEMENT CONTROLS OVER ASSESSING NATURAL RESUORCE DAMAGE AT ROCKY FLATS TABLE OF CONTENTS Natural Resource Damage Assessment at Rocky Flats Details of Finding 1 Recommendation and Comments 3 Appendices Objective, Scope, and Methodology 5 Prior Audit Reports 6 Management Comments 7 NATURAL RESURCE DAMAGE ASSESSMENT AT ROCKY FLATS Page 1 Details of Finding Natural Resource The Rocky Flats Project Office (Project Office) had not initiated, Damage Assessment and had no plans, at the time of our review, for conducting a Natural Resource Damage Assessment (NRDA) at the Rocky Flats

287

Controlling DNA Methylation  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Controlling DNA Methylation Though life on earth is composed of a diverse range of organisms, some with many different types of tissues and cells, all these are encoded by a molecule we call DNA. The information required to build a protein is stored in DNA within the cells. Not all the message in the DNA is used in each cell and not all the message is used all the time. During cell differentiation, the cells become dedicated for their specific function which involves selectively activating some genes and repressing others. Gene regulation is an important event in the developmental biology and the biology of various diseases, but a more complex process. Controlling DNA Methylation Though life on earth is composed of a diverse range of organisms, some with many different types of tissues and cells, all these are encoded by a molecule we call DNA. The information required to build a protein is stored in DNA within the cells. Not all the message in the DNA is used in each cell and not all the message is used all the time. During cell differentiation, the cells become dedicated for their specific function which involves selectively activating some genes and repressing others. Gene regulation is an important event in the developmental biology and the biology of various diseases, but a more complex process. In the bacteria there are distinct enzymes while one is capable of cleaving DNA, the other protects DNA by modification. The complementary function provided by the set of enzymes offers a defense mechanism against the phage infection and DNA invasion. The incoming DNA is cleaved sequence specifically by the class of enzymes called restriction endonuclease (REase). The host DNA is protected by the sequence specific action of matching set of enzymes called the DNA methyltransferase (MTase). The control of the relative activities of the REase and MTase is critical because a reduced ratio of MTase/REase activity would lead to cell death via autorestriction. However too high a ratio would fail to provide protection against invading viral DNA. In addition a separate group of proteins capable of controlling R-M proteins have been identified in various restriction-modification (R-M) systems which are called C proteins (Roberts et al., 2003).

288

Controlled spontaneous emission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The problem of spontaneous emission is studied by a direct computer simulation of the dynamics of a combined system: atom + radiation field. The parameters of the discrete finite model, including up to 20k field oscillators, have been optimized by a comparison with the exact solution for the case when the oscillators have equidistant frequencies and equal coupling constants. Simulation of the effect of multi-pulse sequence of phase kicks and emission by a pair of atoms shows that both the frequency and the linewidth of the emitted spectrum could be controlled.

Jae-Seung Lee; Mary A. Rohrdanz; A. K. Khitrin

2007-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

289

Thermionic converter temperature controller  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for controlling the temperature of a thermionic reactor over a wide range of operating power, including a thermionic reactor having a plurality of integral cesium reservoirs, a honeycomb material disposed about the reactor which has a plurality of separated cavities, a solid sheath disposed about the honeycomb material and having an opening therein communicating with the honeycomb material and cavities thereof, and a shell disposed about the sheath for creating a coolant annulus therewith so that the coolant in the annulus may fill the cavities and permit nucleate boiling during the operation of the reactor.

Shaner, Benjamin J. (McMurray, PA); Wolf, Joseph H. (Pittsburgh, PA); Johnson, Robert G. R. (Trafford, PA)

2001-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

290

Thermionic Converter Temperature Controller  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method and apparatus for controlling the temperature of a thermionic reactor over a wide range of operating power, including a thermionic reactor having a plurality of integral cesium reservoirs, a honeycomb material disposed about the reactor which has a plurality of separated cavities, a solid sheath disposed about the honeycomb material and having an opening therein communicating with the honeycomb material and cavities thereof, and a shell disposed about the sheath for creating a coolant annulus therewith so that the coolant in the annulus may fill the cavities and permit nucleate boiling during the operation of the reactor.

Shaner,B. J.; Wolf, Joseph H.; Johnson, Robert G. R.

1999-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

291

Radiological Control Technician Training  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Change Notice No. 1 2009 Change Notice No. 2 2011 DOE HANDBOOK RADIOLOGICAL CONTROL TECHNICIAN TRAINING U.S. Department of Energy AREA TRNG Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Not Measurement Sensitive DOE-HDBK-1122-2009 This document is available on the Department of Energy Technical Standards Program Web Site at http://www.hss.energy.gov/nuclearsafety/techstds/ Change 1 DOE-HDBK-1122-2009 Original Change Part 3 1.05-1 NCRP Report No. 93 "Ionizing Radiation Exposure of the Population of the United States". NCRP Report No. 160 "Ionizing Radiation Exposure of the Population

292

CONSTITUTION AND BYLAWS FLORIDA ASSOCIATION OF  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are currently employed by the Florida Cooperative Extension with an appointment, responsibilities or programming for youth or adults in natural resources extension education. They may vote, hold elected or appointed the Cooperative Extension Service having held an appointment and/or had responsibilities or conducted programming

Jawitz, James W.

293

Understanding Law and Race as Mutually Constitutive  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

suspicious 4,700 birth certificates and 1,100 deathshe termed race- flagging of birth and death certificates.

Gmez, Laura E.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Constitutional Restrictions on Regulation by American States  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the citizens of Oneida and Herkimer Counties. 16 The Courtthe citizens of Oneida and Herkimer Counties have chosen theis expensive in Oneida-Herkimer, but the Counties accept

Farber, Daniel

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Constitutional Environment and Entrepreneurship: An Empirical Study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Singapore Slovenia Spain Suriname Switzerland Tanzania TongaSingapore Slovenia Spain Suriname Switzerland Tanzania TongaSingapore Slovenia Spain Suriname Switzerland Tanzania Tonga

Zhang, Wei

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Toussaints Constitution (1801) With Introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

institution civile cl rel i gieuse, tendant la puret des murs, les poux qui prati queront les vertus qu'exige leur tat seront toujours distin gus et spcialement protgs par le gouvernement. Art. 10. Le divorce n'aura pas lieu dans la colonie... Administrations municipales. Art. 48. Dans chaque paroisse de la colonie, il y a une administration uuininpale; dans celle o est plac un tribunal de premire instance, 1 administration municipale est com pose d'un maire el de quatre administrateurs. Le...

Louverture, Toussaint; Freeman, Bryant C.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Constitutive relations for cohesionless frictional granular materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Zhang Center of Excellence for Advanced Materials, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering recently developed by Nemat-Nasser S. (J. Mech. Phys. Solids 48 (2000) 1541), a three-dimensional continuum experimental results, arriving at good correlation. # 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved. Keywords

Nemat-Nasser, Sia

298

The University of Tennessee LAW WOMEN CONSTITUTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Examples include Race for the Cure and Toys for Tots in the Fall and the Chili Cook-off and Clothing Drive

Tennessee, University of

299

A Magnetic Model of Atomic Constitution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... to form a perfect analogy to the hypothetical atomic structures. Thus in the case of Boron-10 the central pole contains ten magnets; five of these are "neutralised "by the ...

J. K. MARSH; A. W. STEWART

1922-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

300

The constitutive modeling of nitrile elastomers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A method for modeling the transient stress relaxation and creep behavior of acrylonitrile butadiene rubber has been developed. The behavior of the material is characterized through the use of transient stress relaxation and creep tests. The material...

Helaire, Lumas Terence

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "necessarily constitute control" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Basic Control of Parabolic Troughs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The chapter outlines the main features of the different modeling and basic control approaches used during the last 25 years to control the distributed collector systems (DCS). The DCS may be described by a dis...

Prof. Eduardo F. Camacho; Manuel Berenguel

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Fully Integrated Ballast Controller with  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Global Research (through CoPEC) and the Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory. Simplified block diagram of the two primary control loops in the ballast IC: (I) inner phase control and (2

303

Computerized Control of Environmental Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper examines the actual implementation of two computerized environmental system maintenance control centers. Project "A" is a candy manufacturing plant where controlled systems included subfreezing storage, HVAC, and cold storage (40F to 55F...

Gatti, F. L.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

brain control of coughing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There is an overwhelming body of evidence to support the existence of higher brain circuitries involved in the sensory detection of airways irritation and the motor control of coughing. The concept that cough is purely a reflex response to airways irritation is now superseded by the recognition that perception of an urge-to-cough and altered behavioral modification of coughing are key elements of cough disorders associated with airways disease. Understanding the pathways by which airway sensory nerves ascend into the brain and the patterns of neural activation associated with airways irritation will undoubtedly provide new insights into disordered coughing. This brief review aims to explore our current understanding of higher order cough networks by summarizing data from recent neuroanatomical and functional studies in animals and humans. We provide evidence for the existence of distinct higher order network components involved in the discrimination of signals arising from the airways and the motor control of coughing. The identification of these network components provides a blueprint for future research and the development of targeted managements for cough and the urge-to-cough. John Widdicombe remembered In 2002, while holidaying in London, I (SBM) received a pleasant email invitation to join John and his wife

Stuart B Mazzone; Alice E Mcgovern; Seung-kwon Yang; Ariel Woo; Ayaka Ando; Jennifer Leech; Michael J Farrell

305

Numerical control user experience  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

AUTOCON is an acronym for Automatic Contouring, a program which generates a contour toolpath for the external profile of printed writing boards (PWB) using ICEM DDN. AUTOCON originates from the Computer Aided Process Planning (CAPP) Procedure developed by Electrical Manufacturing at Allied Bendix. The CAPP program uses electronically transmitted graphics files received from a design agency to generate automatic panel layouts and travellers for Process Engineers. The objective of AUTOCON is to utilize the information from the CAPP program to generate Numerical Control tapes. If the CAPP program can be utilized to its full potential, it is estimated that a good portion of the 60 to 90 PWB tapes shipped each month from our Numerical Control Department could be eliminated from conventional N/C Programming. The purpose of AUTOCON is to automatically generate a toolpath around the external profile of a PWB with no user intervention. The Process Engineer can generate a profile contour N/C tape after he has completed the panel layout and traveller through CAPPS for a part. After the layout and traveller illustrations have been completed, the same geometry can then be utilized again for the N/C tape. An N/C Analysist then reviews the listing for a final checkout of the job. 13 figs.

Butler, J.

1985-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Compressed Air System Control Strategies  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This tip sheet briefly discusses compressed air system control strategies as a means to improving and maintaining system performance.

307

Gun Violence and Gun Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GUN VIOLENCEAND GUN CONTROL Mark Greenberg and Harry Litman This shortthe title "Rethinking Gun Violence." We welcome comments on

Greenberg, Mark; Litman, Harry

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Exercise Controller and Evaluator Manual  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

This volume details the roles of controllers and evaluators in emergency exercises. Canceled by DOE G 151.1-3.

1997-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

309

Model Predictive Control Wind Turbines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Model Predictive Control of Wind Turbines Martin Klauco Kongens Lyngby 2012 IMM-MSc-2012-65 #12;Summary Wind turbines are the biggest part of the green energy industry. Increasing interest control strategies. Control strategy has a significant impact on the wind turbine operation on many levels

310

FUZZY CONTROLLERS: AN INTEGRATED APPROACH  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 FUZZY CONTROLLERS: AN INTEGRATED APPROACH BASED ON FUZZY LOGIC, ROUGH SETS, AND EVOLUTIONARY is used to formalized the design of classical fuzzy logic controllers. The design is formu­ lated into the design theory of fuzzy logic control (FLC). One of the important novelties of FLC design

Lin, Tsau Young

311

Overmodulation in Current Controlled Drives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

220 Chapter 5 Overmodulation in Current Controlled Drives 5.1 Introduction The performance of voltage feedforward controlled constant V f PWM-VSI drives is insu cient for most industrial processes performance control methods. Electric traction, el- evators, textile machines, paper and plastic machines

Hava, Ahmet

312

IBM and Johnson Controls Integrated  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IBM and Johnson Controls Integrated Smarter Building Solution IBM and Johnson Controls make it simpler to reduce energy and operational costs while reducing greenhouse emissions. IBM and Johnson and more. IBM and Johnson Controls work with you to identify high-priority energy consumption areas

313

Experience with hydrotreater computer control  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Part of a series of articles on actual operating experience with computer control, this article describes the control strategies and results of a hydrotreater computer control project. A new computer-based control system was installed in Gulf Canada's lube oil plant at Clarkson, Ontario. This plant is designed to produce 10 Mbpd of high quality lubricating oils using Gulf's new lube hydrotreating process. The following sections present a process description, a description of the control objectives, the control functions designed to meet those objectives, and a summary of the performance documented to date. In June 1980, Gulf conducted a feasibility study for computer control of their lube oil process, and the results of that study indicated that control of the heart of the process, the hydrotreater reactor and fractionation section, would yield significant economic benefit. In October 1980, Gulf reviewed a detailed design based on the control functions defined in the earlier study. After the desired functions were refined to Gulf's specification, control programming began at the Houston computer staging site. The applications software was demonstrated in Houston in May 1981, and integrated into the same computer on-site at Clarkson in July 1981. The system linked to an existing microprocessorbased hardware data acquisition and control system. Control commissioning and initial tuning were finished by mid-December 1981. Final tuning and testing were done in mid-January 1982, when the project was completed successfully, within budget and ahead of schedule.

Martin, G.D.; Cassaday, K.M.; VanHorn, L.D.

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Control device for vehicle speed  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes a control device for vehicle speed comprising: a throttle driving means operatively coupled to a throttle valve of a vehicle; a set switch means for commanding memorization of the vehicle speed; a resume switch means for commanding read of the vehicle speed; a vehicle speed detecting means for generating a signal in accordance with the vehicle speed; a vehicle speed memory; an electronical control means for memorizing in the vehicle speed memory vehicle speed information corresponding to the signal obtained from the vehicle speed detecting means in response to actuation of the set switch means. The control means is also for reading out the content of the vehicle speed memory in response to actuation of the resume switch means to control the throttle driving means in accordance with the read-out content; a power supply means for supplying power to the electronical control means; and a power supply control switch means for controlling supply of power to the electronical control means in response to the state of at least one of the set switch means and the resume switch means and the state of the electronical control means. The improvement described here comprises the electronical control means sets the power supply control switch means into such a state that supply of power to the electronical control means is turned OFF, when vehicle speed information is not memorized in the vehicle speed memory.

Kawata, S.; Hyodo, H.

1987-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

315

Air Pollution Control Regulations: No.27 - Control of Nitrogen Oxide  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Air Pollution Control Regulations: No.27 - Control of Nitrogen Air Pollution Control Regulations: No.27 - Control of Nitrogen Oxide Emissions (Rhode Island) Air Pollution Control Regulations: No.27 - Control of Nitrogen Oxide Emissions (Rhode Island) < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Utility Program Info State Rhode Island Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Department of Environmental Management These regulations apply to stationary sources with the potential to emit 50 tons of nitrogen oxides (NOx) per year from all pollutant-emitting equipment or activities. The regulations describe possibilities for exemptions (i.e., for sources which have the potential to emit 50 tons but do not actually reach that level) and Reasonably Available Control

316

Management Control Cover  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

BWXT's Teaming Partner BWXT's Teaming Partner Arrangement at Pantex OAS-M-06-04 February 2006 2 approval and BWXT reimbursed the parent company of Bechtel, Bechtel National, for indirect costs in excess of contract limits. This occurred because the Pantex Site Office did not: 1) ensure that BWXT complied with contractual provisions that limited post-retirement health benefits to BWXT employees, and 2) implement adequate controls to mitigate potential conflict of interest situations involving purchases from Bechtel National and affiliates. As a result, the Department was at risk of paying $3 million in post-retirement health benefits for individuals who were ineligible for the benefits. Additionally, the Department has reimbursed BWXT approximately $90,000 for questionable costs associated with indirect charges made by Bechtel National.

317

Management Control Cover  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

the the Hanford Site Transuranic Mixed Tank Waste OAS-M-06-01 November 2005 REPORT ON MANAGEMENT CONTROLS OVER THE HANFORD SITE TRANSURANIC MIXED TANK WASTE TABLE OF CONTENTS Hanford Site Transuranic Mixed Tank Waste Details of Finding 1 Recommendations and Comments 3 Appendices Objective, Scope, and Methodology 6 Prior Audit Reports 8 Hanford Site Transuranaic Mixed Tank Waste Page 1 Details of Finding Regulation and The Office of River Protection (ORP) pursued the Transuranic Permits Mixed Tank (TRUM) Waste Project without sufficiently addressing regulatory and permitting issues. In 2003, ORP initiated efforts through its contractor, CH2M Hill Hanford Group, Inc. (CHG) to proceed with the TRUM waste project. According

318

OMB Control No.  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

7 7 (02-94) OMB Control No. 1910-0600 U.S. Department of Energy APPLICANT DISABILITY, RACE/NATIONAL ORIGIN AND SEX IDENTIFICATION (Please read the Instructions and Privacy Act Statement before completing this form) Vacancy Announcement Number Name (Last, First, Middle Initial) Position Title, Series, Grade Social Security Number Sex Male Female OMB Burden Disclosure Statement Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 10 minutes per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including

319

Management Control Cover  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Performance Fees in the Idaho Performance Fees in the Idaho National Laboratory Contract OAS-M-06-07 August 2006 REPORT ON MANAGEMENT CONTROLS OVER PERFORMANCE FEES IN THE IDAHO NATIONAL LABORATORY CONTRACT TABLE OF CONTENTS Performance Fees Details of Finding 1 Recommendations and Comments 4 Appendices 1. Objective, Scope, and Methodology 6 2. Other Matters 7 3. Related Audit Reports 8 4. Management Comments 9 PERFORMANCE FEES IN THE IDAHO NATIONAL LABORATORY CONTRACT Page 1 Details of Finding Performance Measures The Department of Energy (Department) did not always effectively and Fees use performance measures and fees to appropriately reward contractor performance. Specifically, the Department allocated approximately $1.1 million for 3 of the 27 performance measures

320

OMB Control No.  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

300.3 300.3 (09-93) (All other editions are obsolete) OMB Control No. 1910-0500 OMB Burden Disclosure Statement on Page 4 U.S. Department of Energy Semi-Annual Summary Report of DOE-Owned Plant and Capital Equipment (P&CE) Contractor Name Address Location of Property (City, State) Contracting Office Contract No. Asset Type Code Beginning Balance As of No. of Items $ Acquisitions No. of Items $ Dispositions No. of Items $ Ending Balance As of No. of Items $ Total Plant and Capital Equipment 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Prepared By name (printed), title, telephone number, signature Date of Last Physical Inventory of Capital Equipment Contracting Officer Representative Signature

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "necessarily constitute control" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

OMB Control No.  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3A 3A (03-94) OMB Control No. 1910-0400 Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 10 minutes per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to Office of Information Resources Management Policy, Plans, and Oversight, Records Management Division, HR-422 - GTN, Paperwork Reduction Project (1910-0400), U.S. Department of Energy, 1000 Independence Avenue, S.W., Washington, DC 20585; and to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), Paperwork

322

Fuel vapor control device  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A fuel vapor control device is described having a valve opening and closing a passage connecting a carburetor and a charcoal canister according to a predetermined temperature. A first coil spring formed by a ''shape memory effect'' alloy is provided to urge the valve to open the passage when the temperature is high. A second coil spring urges the valve to close the passage. A solenoid is provided to urge an armature against the valve to close the passage against the force of the first coil spring when the engine is running. The solenoid heats the first coil spring to generate a spring force therein when the engine is running. When the engine is turned off, the solenoid is deactivated, and the force of the first spring overcomes the force of the second spring to open the passage until such time as the temperature of the first spring drops below the predetermined temperature.

Ota, I.; Nishimura, Y.; Nishio, S.; Yogo, K.

1987-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

323

Electronically controlled cable wrapper  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A spindle assembly engages and moves along a length of cable to be wrapped with insulating tape. Reels of insulating tape are mounted on a outer rotatable spindle which revolves around the cable to dispense insulating tape. The rate of movement of the spindle assembly along the length of the cable is controlled by a stepper motor which is programmably synchronized to the rate at which rotatable spindle wraps the cable. The stepper motor drives a roller which engages the cable and moves the spindle assembly along the length of the cable as it is being wrapped. The spindle assembly is mounted at the end of an articulated arm which allows free movement of the spindle assembly and allows the spindle assembly to follow lateral movement of the cable.

Young, T.M.

1982-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

324

Fuel control governor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A governor for a power plant is described, the governor comprising: a valve connected in control relation to the power plant, the valve having a first member, and a second member with respect to which the first member rotates, driven means including a ball head supporting plural fly weights and responsive to the speed of the power plant for urging the fly weights radially outwardly by centrifugal force, the operation of the valve being governed by the radial position of the fly weights, and fluid coupling means providing a slip connection between the driven means and the first member so that the first member rotates at a speed less than that of the ball head.

Queitzsch, G.K. Jr.

1993-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

325

Grasshoppers and Their Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Conventional insecticides labeled (L) for grasshopper control in field crops.* Trade names Alfalfa Corn a Cotton Peanuts Small grains b Sorghum Soybeans Sunflowers Vegetables c Asana XL L L L L L L L Baythroid 2 L L L L L Capture 2 EC L L Dimethoate d LL L LL L... Di-Syston 15 G L L Furadan 4F L L L L Fury L L L L L L Guthion 2 L L Guthion Solupak 50 WP L Imidan 70 W L L L Karate (Zeon Tech) L L L Leverage 2.7 L Lorsban 4E-SG L Lorsban 75 WG L L L L L L Lorsban 4 E L L L L Malathion ULV e LLL f LL Malthion 8...

Patrick, Carl D.

2004-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

326

Radiological Control Technician Training  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

_______ _______ Change Notice 1 June 2009 DOE HANDBOOK RADIOLOGICAL CONTROL TECHNICIAN TRAINING U.S. Department of Energy AREA TRNG Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Not Measurement Sensitive DOE-HDBK-1122-2009 This document is available on the Department of Energy Technical Standards Program Web Site at http://www.hss.energy.gov/nuclearsafety/techstds/ Change 1 DOE-HDBK-1122-2009 Original Change Part 3 1.05-1 NCRP Report No. 93 "Ionizing Radiation Exposure of the Population of the United States". NCRP Report No. 160 "Ionizing Radiation Exposure of the Population of the United States". Part 3 1.05-9 4) U.S. national average from diagnostic

327

Digital control of HVDC converters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents the project of a completely digital HVDC converter controller based on a 16-bit microcomputer. It was decided to achieve as much as possible by software in order to minimize functions performed by external hardware. The presented design comprises software programmed functions such as a PID current control amplifier, voltage dependent current order limiters and an alpha-minimum symmetrization unit, among others. HVDC control principles are briefly reviewed and a detailed description of both the hardware and software structure of the controller is presented. The digital controller was implemented in an HVDC simulator and several dynamic performance tests demonstrated the efficiency of the proposed methodology.

Pilotto, L.A.S.; Roitman, M.; Alves, J.E.R.

1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Environmental control system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An environmental control system for controlling the environmental conditions in a swimming pool hall 1 comprises a heat pump having a multi-section evaporator 8, compressors 23a and 23b and a multi-section condensor 18. In the day-time, the dry bulb temperature in the pool hall is maintained by circulating space air through a duct 3 to the evaporator 8 where the latent heat is recovered from the moisture laden air. This heat is rejected via the condensor 18 either to the now drier recirculated air or fresh air from an inlet 13 or a mixture of air from the two sources. In a night mode of operation, circulation of space air through the duct 3 is prevented and instead it is recirculated via a direct recirculation duct 53 and is heated by the condensor 18, the heat used to do this being recovered from outside air inducted into the evaporator 8 via an inlet 50. In order to prevent frosting of the evaporator when the outside air temperature is too low, a damper 52 may be opened to allow some space air to pass through the evaporator 8 and raise its temperature. In order to increase the heat recovery capability of the compressor, storage tank 56 is used to collect waste water from showers etc. and also from backwash through the pool water filter and when this tank is full, its water is chilled by means of a water chiller 15 in parallel with the evaporator and the heat so recovered is rejected to the re-circulating space air by means of the condensor 18.

Foley, P. N.; Turbard, A. M.

1985-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

329

NREL: Wind Research - Controls Analysis  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Controls Analysis Controls Analysis Photo of a man working inside the hub of a large 3-blades turbine. Working in the hub of Controls Advanced Research Turbine (CART) at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC) Man in wind turbine hub viewed from inside a wind turbine's blade. At the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC), we design, implement, and test advanced wind turbine controls to maximize energy extraction and reduce structural dynamic loads. These control designs are based on linear models of the turbine that are simulated using specialized modeling software. The resulting advanced controls algorithms are field tested on the NWTC's Controls Advanced Research Turbines (CARTs). NWTC researchers are also studying blade pitch and generator torque, and employing advanced sensors to optimize power capture and reduce wind

330

Development Practice in HVAC Controls  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Development Practice in HVAC Controls Development Practice in HVAC Controls Speaker(s): John Zhou Date: April 11, 2011 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Philip Haves The presentation will introduce development tools and design considerations used in HVAC controls development. Controls development use simulation, lab testing and field trial at different phases of the project cycle to improve control performance and to achieve rapid development. Development starts with simulation to originate and define algorithm concept. The concept is then implemented in a prototype controller, and tested in lab environment. The concept is refined and verified by analyzing lab results. In the final phase of development, controllers with refined and verified algorithms are installed in field trial sites to ensure system integration and to confirm

331

The Road to Controlled Nuclear Fusion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... is one atom of deuterium for every 7,000 atoms of ordinary hydrogen. Second, nuclear fusion does not generate as much radioactive waste as nuclear fission, so storage-a serious ... plants-does not constitute such a serious problem. By contrast with nuclear fission, however, nuclear fusion reactions cannot be sustained by themselves in matter which is in its normal state. ...

L. ARTSIMOVICH

1972-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Networked Control and Autonomy Karl Henrik Johansson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

? · State-based scheduling for control · Exploi;ng wireless protocols for control? · State-based scheduling for control · Exploi;ng wireless protocols for control;on between scheduling-es;ma;on-control? Stochas;c control formula;on #12;7/3/13 8 Control

Johansson, Karl Henrik

333

Subsurface Contamination Control  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There are two objectives of this report, ''Subsurface Contamination Control''. The first is to provide a technical basis for recommending limiting radioactive contamination levels (LRCL) on the external surfaces of waste packages (WP) for acceptance into the subsurface repository. The second is to provide an evaluation of the magnitude of potential releases from a defective WP and the detectability of the released contents. The technical basis for deriving LRCL has been established in ''Retrieval Equipment and Strategy for Wp on Pallet'' (CRWMS M and O 2000g, 6.3.1). This report updates the derivation by incorporating the latest design information of the subsurface repository for site recommendation. The derived LRCL on the external surface of WPs, therefore, supercede that described in CRWMS M and O 2000g. The derived LRCL represent the average concentrations of contamination on the external surfaces of each WP that must not be exceeded before the WP is to be transported to the subsurface facility for emplacement. The evaluation of potential releases is necessary to control the potential contamination of the subsurface repository and to detect prematurely failed WPs. The detection of failed WPs is required in order to provide reasonable assurance that the integrity of each WP is intact prior to MGR closure. An emplaced WP may become breached due to manufacturing defects or improper weld combined with failure to detect the defect, by corrosion, or by mechanical penetration due to accidents or rockfall conditions. The breached WP may release its gaseous and volatile radionuclide content to the subsurface environment and result in contaminating the subsurface facility. The scope of this analysis is limited to radioactive contaminants resulting from breached WPs during the preclosure period of the subsurface repository. This report: (1) documents a method for deriving LRCL on the external surfaces of WP for acceptance into the subsurface repository; (2) provides a table of derived LRCL for nuclides of radiological importance; (3) Provides an as low as is reasonably achievable (ALARA) evaluation of the derived LRCL by comparing potential onsite and offsite doses to documented ALARA requirements; (4) Provides a method for estimating potential releases from a defective WP; (5) Provides an evaluation of potential radioactive releases from a defective WP that may become airborne and result in contamination of the subsurface facility; and (6) Provides a preliminary analysis of the detectability of a potential WP leak to support the design of an airborne release monitoring system.

Y. Yuan

2001-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

334

A fuzzy logic controller for autonomous vehicle control.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis presents a feasibility study for the use of fuzzy logic control to solve the autonomous vehicle following problem. After developing the original vehicle (more)

Vinson, Yale Patrick

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

EXPERIMENTAL TEST FACILITY FOR EVALUATION OF CONTROLS AND CONTROL STRATEGIES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Pseudo collector vs Return boiler V2 Direct heating Supplysensors Flow switches Boiler enable I DORIC 220 data loggercollector, consists of a boiler with a controlled mixing

Warren, Mashuri L.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Integrating preconcentrator heat controller  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for controlling the electric resistance heating of a metallic chemical preconcentrator screen, for example, used in portable trace explosives detectors. The length of the heating time-period is automatically adjusted to compensate for any changes in the voltage driving the heating current across the screen, for example, due to gradual discharge or aging of a battery. The total deposited energy in the screen is proportional to the integral over time of the square of the voltage drop across the screen. Since the net temperature rise, .DELTA.T.sub.s, of the screen, from beginning to end of the heating pulse, is proportional to the total amount of heat energy deposited in the screen during the heating pulse, then this integral can be calculated in real-time and used to terminate the heating current when a pre-set target value has been reached; thereby providing a consistent and reliable screen temperature rise, .DELTA.T.sub.s, from pulse-to-pulse.

Bouchier, Francis A. (Albuquerque, NM); Arakaki, Lester H. (Edgewood, NM); Varley, Eric S. (Albuquerque, NM)

2007-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

337

Closing the Gap in Control System Implementations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of off-line scheduling and optimal control. In Proceedingsframework for scheduling control tasks from multiple controlthe problem of scheduling control tasks from multiple

Saha, Indranil

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

LIGHTING CONTROLS: SURVEY OF MARKET POTENTIAL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1986 employed the scheduling control strategy, the energymonetary savings. Scheduling A control system can provideVarious control strategies are described: scheduling, tun-

Verderber, R.R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Tour Andover Control TAC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tour Andover Control TAC Jump to: navigation, search Name: Tour Andover Control (TAC) Place: Texas Zip: 75600 Sector: Services Product: Tour Andover Controls provides added value...

340

Building Blocks for Tobacco Control: A Handbook  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BLOCKS FOR TOBACCO CONTROL: A HANDBOOK BUILDING BLOCKS FORTOBACCO CONTROL: A HANDBOOK BUILDING BLOCKS FORTOBACCO CONTROL: A HANDBOOK BUILDING BLOCKS FOR TOBACCO

World Health Organization

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "necessarily constitute control" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Occupant Response to Window Control Signaling Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Concurrent air supply, outdoor temperature control 1. 654air supply, outdoor temperature control 8. Lincoln Hall,Concurrentairsupply;outdoortemperaturecontrol. In

Ackerly, Katherine

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Document Control Template-Process  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1_ADocument Control Template - Process.doc Page 1 of 7 1_ADocument Control Template - Process.doc Page 1 of 7 EOTA - Business Process Document Title: Document Control Template - Process Document Number: F-001 Rev. A Document Owner: Elizabeth Sousa Backup Owner: Melissa Otero Approver(s): Melissa Otero Parent Document: P-001, Document Control Process Notify of Changes: EOTA Employees Referenced Document(s): N/A F-001_ADocument Control Template - Process.doc Page 2 of 7 Revision History: Rev. Description of Change A Initial Release B C D E F-001_ADocument Control Template - Process.doc Page 3 of 7 EOTA - Business Process Document Title: DocTitle Document Number: P-DocID# Rev Document Owner: Elizabeth Sousa Backup Owner: David McKay Approver(s): Dennis Murphy Parent Document:

343

Diamond turning machine controller implementation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The standard controller for a Pnuemo ASG 2500 Diamond Turning Machine, an Allen Bradley 8200, has been replaced with a custom high-performance design. This controller consists of four major components. Axis position feedback information is provided by a Zygo Axiom 2/20 laser interferometer with 0.1 micro-inch resolution. Hardware interface logic couples the computers digital and analog I/O channels to the diamond turning machine`s analog motor controllers, the laser interferometer, and other machine status and control information. It also provides front panel switches for operator override of the computer controller and implement the emergency stop sequence. The remaining two components, the control computer hardware and software, are discussed in detail below.

Garrard, K.P.; Taylor, L.W.; Knight, B.F.; Fornaro, R.J.

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Integrated control system and method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An integrated control system for use with an engine connected to a generator providing electrical power to a switchgear is disclosed. The engine receives gas produced by a gasifier. The control system includes an electronic controller associated with the gasifier, engine, generator, and switchgear. A gas flow sensor monitors a gas flow from the gasifier to the engine through an engine gas control valve and provides a gas flow signal to the electronic controller. A gas oversupply sensor monitors a gas oversupply from the gasifier and provides an oversupply signal indicative of gas not provided to the engine. A power output sensor monitors a power output of the switchgear and provide a power output signal. The electronic controller changes gas production of the gasifier and the power output rating of the switchgear based on the gas flow signal, the oversupply signal, and the power output signal.

Wang, Paul Sai Keat; Baldwin, Darryl; Kim, Myoungjin

2013-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

345

Arms control and European security  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In October 1987 on the eve of the Washington summit, the Committee on Atlantic Studies, a group of European and North American scholars established in 1964 to promote transatlantic dialogue, met in Toronto to discuss the implications of the new arms control for European security. This book is the fruit of that meeting. Incorporating subsequent developments, up to Grobachev's December 1988 speech to the U.N., it provides a timely assessment of arms control issues from a variety of European and North American perspectives. The contributors to this volume council caution, suggesting that while progress is possible, it will probably be slow. This volume stresses the interplay of strategic and regional arms control. It includes analyses of nuclear, conventional, and naval arms control questions and embodies a broader a broader conception of arms control. The book links arms control to such political measures as confidence-building, conflict avoidance and superpower agreement to the neutrality of particular states.

Auton, G.P.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Adaptive control for energy conservation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this project is to investigate the use of adaptive control concepts in buildings with solar-assisted heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems to maintain occupant comfort conditions while minimizing auxiliary energy use. Accomplishing this objective requires an energy management system capable of making sound tradeoffs. Optimal control theory is used along with a system identification technique to provide an adaptable stratgy. The resulting overall approach is known as adaptive optimal control (AOC).

Farris, D.R.

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Anticipatory control of turbine generators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Turbine Generators. (Nay 1971) Freddie Laurel Nessec, B. S. E. E, , Texas Tech University; Directed by: Professor J. S . Denison An investigation is made of the use of predicted loads in controlling turbine generators. A perturbation model of a turbine... generator is presented along with typical parameter values. A study is made of the effects of applying control action before a load change occurs. Two predictive control schemes are investi- gated using a load cycle which incorporates both ramp and step...

Messec, Freddie Laurel

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Pump control system for windmills  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A windmill control system having lever means, for varying length of stroke of the pump piston, and a control means, responsive to the velocity of the wind to operate the lever means to vary the length of stroke and hence the effective displacement of the pump in accordance with available wind energy, with the control means having a sensing member separate from the windmill disposed in the wind and displaceable thereby in accordance with wind velocity.

Avery, Don E. (45-437 Akimala St., Honolulu, HI 96744)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Thermodynamics of feedback controlled systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We compute the entropy reduction in feedback controlled systems due to the repeated operation of the controller. This was the lacking ingredient to establish the thermodynamics of these systems, and in particular of Maxwells demons. We illustrate some of the consequences of our general results by deriving the maximum work that can be extracted from isothermal feedback controlled systems. As a case example, we finally study a simple system that performs an isothermal information-fueled particle pumping.

F. J. Cao and M. Feito

2009-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

350

Security Metricsfor Process Control Systems  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This document describes the foundations of metrics, discusses application of these metrics to control system environments, introduces a metrics taxonomy, and suggests usage of metrics to achieve...

351

Attitudes toward gun control laws.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Recently, empirical attention has been directed toward understanding public opinion about gun control laws. Despite this focus, three gaps are evident in extant scholarship. First, (more)

Borkowski, Elizabeth.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Solar Energy Control System Design.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? This thesis covers design, simulation and implementation of a solar energy control system for an on grid energy storage device. The design covers several (more)

Yang, Sun

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Johnson Controls ESCO Qualification Sheet  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Document outlines the energy service company (ESCO) qualifications for Johnson Controls in relation to the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOEs) energy savings performance contracts (ESPC).

354

Instrumentation, Control and Intelligent Systems  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

for any application that requires monitoring, control, and human interaction. External peer review and advisory committees made up of academic, R&D, and customer organizations...

355

Classified Matter Protection and Control  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Provides detailed requirements to supplement DOE O 471.2, which establishes policy for the protection and control of classified and unclassified information. Does not cancel other directives.

1995-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

356

Export Control | ornl.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Security and Isotope Technology Division Export Control Team promotes the U.S. nonproliferation agenda by providing policy interpretation, technical guidance, and support to...

357

DOE standard: Radiological control  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy (DOE) has developed this Standard to assist line managers in meeting their responsibilities for implementing occupational radiological control programs. DOE has established regulatory requirements for occupational radiation protection in Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Part 835 (10 CFR 835), ``Occupational Radiation Protection``. Failure to comply with these requirements may lead to appropriate enforcement actions as authorized under the Price Anderson Act Amendments (PAAA). While this Standard does not establish requirements, it does restate, paraphrase, or cite many (but not all) of the requirements of 10 CFR 835 and related documents (e.g., occupational safety and health, hazardous materials transportation, and environmental protection standards). Because of the wide range of activities undertaken by DOE and the varying requirements affecting these activities, DOE does not believe that it would be practical or useful to identify and reproduce the entire range of health and safety requirements in this Standard and therefore has not done so. In all cases, DOE cautions the user to review any underlying regulatory and contractual requirements and the primary guidance documents in their original context to ensure that the site program is adequate to ensure continuing compliance with the applicable requirements. To assist its operating entities in achieving and maintaining compliance with the requirements of 10 CFR 835, DOE has established its primary regulatory guidance in the DOE G 441.1 series of Guides. This Standard supplements the DOE G 441.1 series of Guides and serves as a secondary source of guidance for achieving compliance with 10 CFR 835.

Not Available

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

EXPERT CONTROL BASED ON NEURAL NETWORKS FOR CONTROLLING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

neural units in artificial neural networks (ANN), artificial neural network was used to develop a model to control this system, Artificial neural networks and symbolic description methods are introduced. Artificial neural networks are widely applied in greenhouse environmental control to perform some type of non

359

OCTOBER 2013 IEEE CONTROL SYSTEMS MAGAZINE 23 PEOPLE IN CONTROL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

papers and ten monographs in systems and control, unmanned systems, and financial market modeling served as an editor of SIAM Jour- nal on Control and Optimization, IEEE Transactions on Robotics Systems, and IEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering, and on the program committees

Benmei, Chen

360

Intelligent fuzzy supervisory control for distillation columns  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for dynamically adapting the models to achieve tight composition control. Simple control techniques do not exist for model adaptation in MIMO systems. This thesis will outline a fuzzy supervisory controller based on fuzzy logic and show that control performance...

Santhanam, Srinivasan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "necessarily constitute control" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Automatic Control Technology in the HVAC System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the field of VAV air-conditioning system (Variable Air Volume, VAV) control theory and practical study, the paper analyzed the methods used by the China's VAV control procedures including Static Pressure Control, Variable Pressure Control and Total ...

Ren Tao; Gao Jingmin; Jia Wenwen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Good practice guide on firewall deployment for SCADA and process control networks  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

FIREWALL DEPLOYMENT FOR SCADA AND FIREWALL DEPLOYMENT FOR SCADA AND PROCESS CONTROL NETWORKS GOOD PRACTICE GUIDE 15 FEBRUARY 2005 This paper was previously published by the National Infrastructure Security Co-ordination Centre (NISCC) - a predecessor organisation to the Centre for the Protection of National Infrastructure (CPNI). Hyperlinks in this document may refer to resources that no longer exist. Please see CPNI's website (www.cpni.gov.uk) for up-to-date information. Disclaimer Reference to any specific commercial product, process or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favouring by CPNI. The views and opinions of authors expressed within this document shall not be used for advertising or product endorsement purposes.

363

Controlling and maximizing effective thermal properties by manipulating transient behaviors during energy-system cycles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transient processes generally constitute part of energy-system cycles. If skillfully manipulated, they actually are capable of assisting systems to behave beneficially to suit designers' needs. In the present study, behaviors related to both thermal conductivities ($\\kappa$) and heat capacities ($c_{v}$) are analyzed. Along with solutions of the temperature and the flow velocity obtained by means of theories and simulations, three findings are reported herein: $(1)$ effective $\\kappa$ and effective $c_{v}$ can be controlled to vary from their intrinsic material-property values to a few orders of magnitude larger; $(2)$ a parameter, tentatively named as "nonlinear thermal bias", is identified and can be used as a criterion in estimating energies transferred into the system during heating processes and effective operating ranges of system temperatures; $(3)$ When a body of water, such as the immense ocean, is subject to the boundary condition of cold bottom and hot top, it may be feasible to manipulate transien...

Gao, Z J; Merlitz, H; Pagni, P J; Chen, Z

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

VARIABLE FIRING RATE OIL BURNER USING PULSE FUEL FLOW CONTROL.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The residential oil burner market is currently dominated by the pressure-atomized retention head burner, which has an excellent reputation for reliability and efficiency. In this burner, oil is delivered to a fuel nozzle at pressures from 100 to 150 psi. In addition, to atomizing the fuel, the small, carefully controlled size of the nozzle exit orifice serves to control the burner firing rate. Burners of this type are currently available at firing rates of more than 0.5 gallons-per-hour (70,000 Btu/hr). Nozzles have been made for lower firing rates, but experience has shown that such nozzles suffer rapid fouling of the necessarily small passages, leading to bad spray patterns and poor combustion performance. Also, traditionally burners and the nozzles are oversized to exceed the maximum demand. Typically, this is figured as follows. The heating load of the house on the coldest day for the location is considered to define the maximum heat load. The contractor or installer adds to this to provide a safety margin and for future expansion of the house. If the unit is a boiler that provides domestic hot water through the use of a tankless heating coil, the burner capacity is further increased. On the contrary, for a majority of the time, the heating system is satisfying a much smaller load, as only rarely do all these demands add up. Consequently, the average output of the heating system has to be much less than the design capacity and this is accomplished by start and stop cycling operation of the system so that the time-averaged output equals the demand. However, this has been demonstrated to lead to overall efficiencies lower than the steady-state efficiency. Therefore, the two main reasons for the current practice of using oil burners much larger than necessary for space heating are the unavailability of reliable low firing rate oil burners and the desire to assure adequate input rate for short duration, high draw domestic hot water loads. One approach to solve this problem is to develop a burner, which can operate at two firing rates, with the lower rate being significantly lower than 0.5 gallons per hour. This paper describes the initial results of adopting this approach through a pulsed flow nozzle. It has been shown that the concept of flow modulation with a small solenoid valve is feasible. Especially in the second configuration tested, where the Lee valve was integrated with the nozzle, reasonable modulation in flow of the order of 1.7 could be achieved. For this first prototype, the combustion performance is still not quite satisfactory. Improvements in operation, for example by providing a sharp and positive shut-off so that there is no flow under low pressures with consequent poor atomization could lead to better combustion performance. This could be achieved by using nozzles that have shut off or check valves for example. It is recommended that more work in cooperation with the valve manufacturer could produce a technically viable system. Marketability is of course a far more complex problem to be addressed once a technically viable product is available.

KRISHNA,C.R.; BUTCHER,T.A.; KAMATH,B.R.

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Environmental Technology Verification of Mobile Sources Control...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Environmental Technology Verification of Mobile Sources Control Technologies Environmental Technology Verification of Mobile Sources Control Technologies 2005 Diesel Engine...

366

Lighting Controls/Sensors | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lighting ControlsSensors Incentives Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleLightingControlsSensors&oldid267...

367

Influenza Virus: Genetics and Control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...to accompany PI:0 treatment in certain animals may...reverse os-mosis, and electrodialysis. The registra-tion...Extension, Berkeley 94720) Water Pollution Control...College and the Federal Water Pollution Control Ad-ministration...and "Biological Waste Treatment." The fee for each...

Robert W. Simpson

1969-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

368

Sensors, Controls, & Transactional Network Reports  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Reports from the sensors, controls, and transactional network program. The transactional network is between appliances, buildings, and utilities, and can enable Smart Buildings -- buildings with technologies and control systems that can not only optimize energy performance and comfort, but also support energy-related transactions outside the building envelope.

369

Virtual Control Systems Environment (VCSE)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Will Atkins, a Sandia National Laboratories computer engineer discusses cybersecurity research work for process control systems. Will explains his work on the Virtual Control Systems Environment project to develop a modeling and simulation framework of the U.S. electric grid in order to study and mitigate possible cyberattacks on infrastructure.

Atkins, Will

2012-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

370

Visual programming expedites process control  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Software development and maintenance costs continue to decrease as recent graphical user-interface (GUI) techniques advance. Improvement in the hardware cost-performance has also supported GUI success. In the area of modulating control for power plants, however, cost decreases have already been achieved through user-friendly forms. In the area of programmable logic controllers, there are three types of programming methods: relay ladder logic, Boolean, and high level language. Recently, the development of a programmable logic controller with the latest fashioned user interface (such as the window, icon, menu, and pointer environment on a control engineering workstation) has come on the market. Although its GUI features are quite good, it is not easy for plant engineers to use due to the various programming forms (e.g., ladder logic diagrams) which are often used. The system featured in this article has been developed and commercialized for direct digital modulating control (DDC) prior to the programmable controller. The construction and maintenance tools for the system are set up in workstations and personal computers. The tool is familiar to instrument and control designers and has more GUI uses. The key to the design of this system, however, is the use of input frames containing control block diagrams, which are constructed from several standard operational elements.

Isomura, S.; Katoh, M.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

AQUATIC PLANT CONTROL RESEARCH PROGRAM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MEETING, AQUATIC PLANT CONTROL RESEARCH PROGRAM 26-29 NOVEMBER 1984 GALVESTON, TEXAS June 1985 Final report 26-29 NOVEMBER 1984, 6. PERFORMING ORG. REPORT NC:'IBER GALVESTON, TEXAS 7. AU THOR(.) 8 Control Research Program was held in Galveston, Texas, on 26-29 November 1984, to review current research

US Army Corps of Engineers

372

Control of Environment in Horticulture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... M (Agriculture) of the British Association held a discussion on "Control of Environment in Horticulture", over which Prof. H. D. Kay presided. Dr. W. F. ... . W. F. Bewley opened with a paper on "The Control of Heat and Light in Glasshouses". He pointed out that although plants in glasshouses are warmer and more ...

1948-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

373

Critical Infrastructure and Internal Controls  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Critical refers to infrastructure that provides an essential support for economic and social well-being, for public safety and for the functioning of key government responsibilities. According to Resolution of the National Security Strategy of the Republic ... Keywords: Risk management,Process control,Government,Standards,Security,Uncertainty,internal controls,critical infrastructure,risk,risk management

Iztok Podbregar; Mojca Ferjancic Podbregar

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Automatic Control Laboratory ETH, Zurich  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Automatic Control Laboratory ETH, Z¨urich Physikstrasse 3 8092 Z¨urich, Switzerland +41 44 632 22 from the airport to Z¨urich city and goes directly past ETH. There are ticket machines outside 71 How to get to the Automatic Control Laboratory (IfA) From the Z¨urich airport: · By Taxi. Taxi

Lygeros, John

375

Virtual Control Systems Environment (VCSE)  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Will Atkins, a Sandia National Laboratories computer engineer discusses cybersecurity research work for process control systems. Will explains his work on the Virtual Control Systems Environment project to develop a modeling and simulation framework of the U.S. electric grid in order to study and mitigate possible cyberattacks on infrastructure.

Atkins, Will

2014-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

376

Johnson Controls | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Controls Controls Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Johnson Controls Name Johnson Controls Address 5757 N. Green Bay Avenue Place Milwaukee, Wisconsin Zip 53201 Sector Efficiency Stock Symbol JCI Website http://www.johnsoncontrols.com Coordinates 43.1219149°, -87.9353576° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.1219149,"lon":-87.9353576,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

377

Moisture Control | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Moisture Control Moisture Control Moisture Control May 30, 2012 - 10:41am Addthis Controlling moisture can make your home more energy-efficient, less costly to heat and cool, more comfortable, and prevent mold growth. Controlling moisture can make your home more energy-efficient, less costly to heat and cool, more comfortable, and prevent mold growth. What does this mean for me? Moisture can support the growth of mold and mildew and can even rot structural members in extreme cases. Effective strategies for addressing moisture in your home will depend on your climate and how your home is constructed. How does it work? Moisture can enter a home as water vapor and as liquid water. Sealing air leaks and providing paths for liquid water to move away from the building can prevent moisture from causing health and comfort problems in your home.

378

NETL: CO2 Emissions Control  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Home > Technologies > Coal & Power Systems > Innovations for Existing Plants > CO2 Emissions Control Home > Technologies > Coal & Power Systems > Innovations for Existing Plants > CO2 Emissions Control Innovations for Existing Plants CO2 Emissions Control RD&D Roadmap Technology Update DOE/NETL Advanced CO2 Capture R&D Program: Technology Update DOE/NETL Advanced CO2 Capture R&D Program Accomplishments DOE/NETL Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage RD&D Roadmap 2013 NETL CO2 Capture Technology Meeting Presentations DOE/NETL's Monthly Carbon Sequestration Newsletter Program Goals and Targets Pre-Combustion CO2 Control Post-Combustion CO2 Control Advanced Combustion CO2 Compression Other Systems Analysis Regulatory Drivers Reference Shelf Carbon capture involves the separation of CO2 from coal-based power plant flue gas or syngas. There are commercially available 1st-Generation CO2

379

NETL: Mercury Emissions Control Technologies - Evaluation of Control  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Evaluation of Control Strategies to Effectively Meet 70 - 90% Evaluation of Control Strategies to Effectively Meet 70 - 90% Mercury Reduction on an Eastern Bituminous Coal Cyclone Boiler with SCR The overall objective of this project is to assess the potential for significant mercury control, between 50 and 90% above baseline, by sorbent injection for the challenging technical process configuration at Public Service of New Hampshire Company Merrimack Station Unit No. 2. The primary emphasis of this project is to evaluate the performance of mercury sorbent injection, but the effect of co-benefits from SO3 mitigation on mercury control will also be explored. Also in this program the performance capabilities of mercury measurement techniques in challenging flue-gas environment will be assessed and the impact of activated carbon injection on fly ash disposal options will be investigated.

380

Catalysts for Lean Engine Emission Control - Emissions & Emission Controls  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Catalysts for Lean Engine Emission Control Catalysts for Lean Engine Emission Control Catalysts for controlling NOx from lean engines are studied in great detail at FEERC. Lean NOx Traps (LNTs) and Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) are two catalyst technologies of interest. Catalysts are studied from the nanoscale to full scale. On the nanoscale, catalyst powders are analyzed with chemisorptions techniques to determine the active metal surface area where catalysis occurs. Diffuse Reflectance Infrared Fourier Transform (DRIFT) spectroscopy is used to observe the chemical reactions occurring on the catalyst surface during catalyst operation. Both powder and coated catalyst samples are analyzed on bench flow reactors in controlled simulated exhaust environments to better characterize the chemical

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "necessarily constitute control" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Model-based Controllers for Semi-active Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

damper Base isolation TLCD Semi-active Control Active mass driver Active tendon Variable orifice damper/13/2012Page 11 Linearized explicit approximation Small perturbations Accuracy of the assumed rappresentation

382

A fuzzy logic controller for autonomous vehicle control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis presents a feasibility study for the use of fuzzy logic control to solve the autonomous vehicle following problem. After developing the original vehicle following system, the applicability of fuzzy logic to the problem is demonstrated...

Vinson, Yale Patrick

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

383

Pollution Control: Erosion and Sedimentation Control (Maine) | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Erosion and Sedimentation Control (Maine) Erosion and Sedimentation Control (Maine) Pollution Control: Erosion and Sedimentation Control (Maine) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Maine Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Department of Environmental Proection A person who conducts, or causes to be conducted, an activity that involves

384

Subsea control and data acquisition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This book contains papers presented at the conference on subsea control and data acquisition. The tasks performed by subsea control systems, although fairly straightforward, are dominated by an alien environment and the high costs associated with failure and repair. The evolution of systems design has resulted in a growing confidence in equipment reliability. In the future, however, more searching demands may include active regulation of valves and the use of data for reservoir management purposes. The emphasis of the papers is on technical depth and understanding, with particular attention being paid to the science control and data monitoring in relation to the task of hydrocarbon recovery.

Not Available

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

The Constitution of Highly Reliable Practices: Materializing Communication as Constitutive of Organizing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on collective mind, this study uses a practice-based communication approach to examine the material interplay of bodies, objects, and sites using ethnography and grounded theory. In-depth interviews, participant observations, and organizational documents were...

Spradley, Robert Tyler

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

386

RTP Controls | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

RTP Controls RTP Controls Jump to: navigation, search Name RTP Controls Place Woodstock, Georgia Product Georgia-based energy management company. Coordinates 38.890218°, -78.49849° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.890218,"lon":-78.49849,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

387

NETL: CO2 Emissions Control  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Post-Combustion CO2 Control Post-Combustion CO2 Control Post-combustion CO2 control systems separate CO2 from the flue gas produced by conventional coal combustion in air. The flue gas is at atmospheric pressure and has a CO2 concentration of 10-15 volume percent. Read More! Capturing CO2 under these conditions is challenging because: (1) the low pressure and dilute concentration dictate a high total volume of gas to be treated; (2) trace impurities in the flue gas tend to reduce the effectiveness of the CO2 separation processes; and (3) compressing captured CO2 from atmospheric pressure to pipeline pressure (1,200 - 2,200 pounds per square inch) represents a large parasitic energy load. Plant Picture DOE/NETL's post-combustion CO2 control technology R&D program includes

388

Dynamic control of remelting processes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus and method of controlling a remelting process by providing measured process variable values to a process controller; estimating process variable values using a process model of a remelting process; and outputting estimated process variable values from the process controller. Feedback and feedforward control devices receive the estimated process variable values and adjust inputs to the remelting process. Electrode weight, electrode mass, electrode gap, process current, process voltage, electrode position, electrode temperature, electrode thermal boundary layer thickness, electrode velocity, electrode acceleration, slag temperature, melting efficiency, cooling water temperature, cooling water flow rate, crucible temperature profile, slag skin temperature, and/or drip short events are employed, as are parameters representing physical constraints of electroslag remelting or vacuum arc remelting, as applicable.

Bertram, Lee A. (Dublin, CA); Williamson, Rodney L. (Albuquerque, NM); Melgaard, David K. (Albuquerque, NM); Beaman, Joseph J. (Austin, TX); Evans, David G. (Clinton, NY)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

The Future of Controlled Environments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have seen how controlled environments can provide us with an appropriate place for the production of or research into sensitive materials, processes, or artifacts. As we discussed in Chapter 1, however, the...

M. Kozicki; S. Hoenig; P. Robinson

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Improving Inventory Control Using Forecasting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This project studied and analyzed Electronic Controls, Inc.s forecasting process for three high-demand products. In addition, alternative forecasting methods were developed to compare to the current forecast method. The ...

Balandran, Juan

2005-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

391

Pollution Control Act (South Carolina)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This Act declares the maintenance of reasonable standards of purity of air and water to be the public policy of the state. The Act authorizes the Department of Health and Environmental Control to...

392

Louisiana Air Control Law (Louisiana)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This law states regulations for air quality control and states the powers and duties of the secretary of environmental quality. It provides information about permits and licenses, air quality...

393

EERE Quality Control Workshop Agenda  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Agenda from the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Quality Control Workshop held December 9-10, 2013, at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Golden, Colorado.

394

Nuclear Material Control and Accountability  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The manual establishes a program for the control and accountability of nuclear materials within the Department of Energy. Cancels: DOE M 474.1-1B DOE M 474.1-2A

2005-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

395

Nuclear Material Control and Accountability  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The manual establishes a program for the control and accountability of nuclear materials within the Department of Energy. Chg 1, dated 8-14-06. Canceled by DOE O 474.2.

2005-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

396

Coherent control of quantum information  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quantum computation requires the ability to efficiently control quantum information in the presence of noise. In this thesis, NMR quantum information processors (QIPs) are used to study noise processes that compromise ...

Henry, Michael Kevin

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Electrical Machinery and Control Diagrams  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... complexity, beginning with the simple manually controlled starting rheostat and going on to the automatic substation. To the practical engineer they will be helpful. We hope that in the second ...

1925-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

398

Adaptive control of hypersonic vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The guidance, navigation and control of hypersonic vehicles are highly challenging tasks due to the fact that the dynamics of the airframe, propulsion system and structure are integrated and highly interactive. Such a ...

Gibson, Travis Eli

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Pressure compensated flow control valve  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention is an air flow control valve which is capable of maintaining a constant flow at the outlet despite changes in the inlet or outlet pressure. The device consists of a shell assembly with an inlet chamber and outlet chamber separated by a separation plate. The chambers are connected by an orifice. Also located within the inlet chamber is a port controller assembly. The port controller assembly consists of a differential pressure plate and port cap affixed thereon. The cap is able to slide in and out of the orifice separating the inlet and outlet chambers. When the pressure differential is sufficient, the differential pressure plate rises or falls to maintain a constant air flow. Movement of the port controller assembly does not require the use of seals, diaphragms, tight tolerances, bushings, bearings, hinges, guides, or lubricants.

Minteer, Daniel J. (West Richland, WA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Computer Control of Unattended Plants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Providing a cost-effective and reliable computer monitoring, control, and optimization package is a greater challenge for small, unattended plants than for large energy intensive facilities. This paper describes the successful application of a...

Vinson, D. R.; Chatterjee, N.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "necessarily constitute control" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Advanced gray rod control assembly  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An advanced gray rod control assembly (GRCA) for a nuclear reactor. The GRCA provides controlled insertion of gray rod assemblies into the reactor, thereby controlling the rate of power produced by the reactor and providing reactivity control at full power. Each gray rod assembly includes an elongated tubular member, a primary neutron-absorber disposed within the tubular member said neutron-absorber comprising an absorber material, preferably tungsten, having a 2200 m/s neutron absorption microscopic capture cross-section of from 10 to 30 barns. An internal support tube can be positioned between the primary absorber and the tubular member as a secondary absorber to enhance neutron absorption, absorber depletion, assembly weight, and assembly heat transfer characteristics.

Drudy, Keith J; Carlson, William R; Conner, Michael E; Goldenfield, Mark; Hone, Michael J; Long, Jr., Carroll J; Parkinson, Jerod; Pomirleanu, Radu O

2013-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

402

Controlling Bats in Urban Areas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to avoid obstacles and capture insects. Bats also emit audible sounds that may be used for communi- cation. L-1913 4-08 Controlling BATS Damage In urban areas, bats may become a nuisance becauseoftheirsqueaking,scratchingandcrawl- inginattics...

Texas Wildlife Services

2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

403

Coherence-controlled holographic microscope  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Transmitted-light coherence-controlled holographic microscope (CCHM) based on an off-axis achromatic interferometer allows us to use light sources of arbitrary degree of temporal and...

Kolman, Pavel; Chmelk, Radim

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Optimal Control of Distillation Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The optimum performance of a distillation system can be evaluated by examining the product purities, the product recoveries, and the system's capability to respond to small or large, expected or unexpected, plant disturbances. An optimal control...

Chatterjee, N.; Suchdeo, S. R.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Control of Motorcycle Steering Instabilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Control of Motorcycle Steering Instabilities SIMOS EVANGELOU, DAVID J.N. LIMEBEER, ROBIN S. SHARP-performance motorcycles often employ a steering damper producing a moment that opposes the angular velocity

Cambridge, University of

406

A biologically inspired meta-control navigation system for the Psikharpax rat robot  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A biologically inspired navigation system for the mobile rat-like robot named Psikharpax is presented, allowing for self-localization and autonomous navigation in an initially unknown environment. The ability of parts of the model (e.g. the strategy selection mechanism) to reproduce rat behavioral data in various maze tasks has been validated before in simulations. But the capacity of the model to work on a real robot platform had not been tested. This paper presents our work on the implementation on the Psikharpax robot of two independent navigation strategies (a place-based planning strategy and a cue-guided taxon strategy) and a strategy selection meta-controller. We show how our robot can memorize which was the optimal strategy in each situation, by means of a reinforcement learning algorithm. Moreover, a context detector enables the controller to quickly adapt to changes in the environmentrecognized as new contextsand to restore previously acquired strategy preferences when a previously experienced context is recognized. This produces adaptivity closer to rat behavioral performance and constitutes a computational proposition of the role of the rat prefrontal cortex in strategy shifting. Moreover, such a brain-inspired meta-controller may provide an advancement for learning architectures in robotics.

K Caluwaerts; M Staffa; S N'Guyen; C Grand; L Doll; A Favre-Flix; B Girard; M Khamassi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Impact of essential surgical skills with an emphasis on emergency maternal, neonatal and child health training on the practice of doctors: A cluster randomised controlled trial in Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Introduction Majority of studies on evaluation of emergency management courses have focused on outcomes such as knowledge and skills demonstrated in non-clinical or traditional testing manner. Such surrogate outcomes may not necessarily reflect vital changes in practice. The aim of this study was to determine if and to what extent, specific training in the management of life threatening emergencies resulted in an increased in compliance with established care guidelines of doctors working in the emergency departments of public sector hospitals in Pakistan. Methods A cluster randomised controlled trial was conducted in three districts hospitals in three cities (Khairpur, Vehari and Peshawar) of Pakistan. Thirty-six doctors, 18 in intervention (trained in ESS-EMNCH training) and 18 in control (untrained), were enrolled and 248 life threatening emergency events, 124 in each group, were observed for the correct use of the Airway, Breathing, Circulation (ABC) structured approach. The outcome measure was structured approach defined a priori. Data was analysed by using STATA software. Results At individual level, 79 (63.7%) life threatening episodes were managed according to the structured approach in the intervention group and 46 (37.1%) were managed according to the structured approach in controls (OR 2.98, 95%CI 1.784.99, p-value=0.0001). At cluster level, the mean percentage (95% CI) of the structured approach used by doctors in the intervention group [62.9% (50.475.3%)], was significantly higher than those in the control group, [36.3% (26.346.4)] (p-value=0.001). Conclusions 5-day training of ESS-EMNCH significantly increased the compliance with established care guidelines of doctors during their management of life threatening emergency episodes in the public sector hospitals in Pakistan.

Yasir Bin Nisar; Assad Hafeez; Shamsa Zafar; David P. Southall

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Nuclear reactor control room construction  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A control room for a nuclear plant is disclosed. In the control room, objects labelled 12, 20, 22, 26, 30 in the drawing are no less than four inches from walls labelled 10.2. A ceiling contains cooling fins that extend downwards toward the floor from metal plates. A concrete slab is poured over the plates. Studs are welded to the plates and are encased in the concrete. 6 figures.

Lamuro, R.C.; Orr, R.

1993-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

409

Nuclear reactor control room construction  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A control room 10 for a nuclear plant is disclosed. In the control room, objects 12, 20, 22, 26, 30 are no less than four inches from walls 10.2. A ceiling 32 contains cooling fins 35 that extend downwards toward the floor from metal plates 34. A concrete slab 33 is poured over the plates. Studs 36 are welded to the plates and are encased in the concrete.

Lamuro, Robert C. (Pittsburgh, PA); Orr, Richard (Pittsburgh, PA)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Material control and accountability alternatives  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Department of Energy and Nuclear Regulatory Commission regulations governing material control and accountability in nuclear facilities have become more restrictive in the past decade, especially in areas that address the insider threat. As the insider threat receives greater credibility, regulations have been strengthened to increase the probability of detecting insider activity and to prevent removal of a significant quantity of Special Nuclear Material (SNM) from areas under control of the protective force.

NONE

1991-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

411

Lighting Controls in Commercial Buildings  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Lighting Controls in Commercial Buildings Lighting Controls in Commercial Buildings Title Lighting Controls in Commercial Buildings Publication Type Report Year of Publication 2012 Authors Williams, Alison A., Barbara A. Atkinson, Karina Garbesi, Erik Page, and Francis M. Rubinstein Series Title The Journal of the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America Volume 8 Document Number 3 Pagination 161-180 Date Published January ISBN Number 1550-2716 Keywords controls, daylighting, energy, occupancy sensors, tuning. Abstract Researchers have been quantifying energy savings from lighting controls in commercial buildings for more than 30 years. This study provides a meta-analysis of lighting energy savings identified in the literature-240 savings estimates from 88 papers and case studies, categorized into daylighting strategies, occupancy strategies, personal tuning, and institutional tuning. Beginning with an overall average of savings estimates by control strategy, successive analytical filters are added to identify potential biases introduced to the estimates by different analytical approaches. Based on this meta-analysis, the bestestimates of average lighting energy savings potential are 24 percent for occupancy, 28 percent for daylighting, 31 percent for personal tuning, 36 percent for institutional tuning, and 38 percent for multiple approaches. The results also suggest that simulations significantly overestimate (by at least 10 percent) the average savings obtainable from daylighting in actual buildings.

412

Advanced nuclear plant control complex  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An advanced control room complex for a nuclear power plant, including a discrete indicator and alarm system (72) which is nuclear qualified for rapid response to changes in plant parameters and a component control system (64) which together provide a discrete monitoring and control capability at a panel (14-22, 26, 28) in the control room (10). A separate data processing system (70), which need not be nuclear qualified, provides integrated and overview information to the control room and to each panel, through CRTs (84) and a large, overhead integrated process status overview board (24). The discrete indicator and alarm system (72) and the data processing system (70) receive inputs from common plant sensors and validate the sensor outputs to arrive at a representative value of the parameter for use by the operator during both normal and accident conditions, thereby avoiding the need for him to assimilate data from each sensor individually. The integrated process status board (24) is at the apex of an information hierarchy that extends through four levels and provides access at each panel to the full display hierarchy. The control room panels are preferably of a modular construction, permitting the definition of inputs and outputs, the man machine interface, and the plant specific algorithms, to proceed in parallel with the fabrication of the panels, the installation of the equipment and the generic testing thereof.

Scarola, Kenneth (Windsor, CT); Jamison, David S. (Windsor, CT); Manazir, Richard M. (North Canton, CT); Rescorl, Robert L. (Vernon, CT); Harmon, Daryl L. (Enfield, CT)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

A novel control strategy of a distributed generator operating in seven modes for ancillary services under grid faults  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study was interested in a renewable distributed generator (RDG) made up of a wind turbine used as a principal source and a supercapacitor (SC) considered as a storage system. The studied RDG is associated with loads to constitute a micro-grid (MG) which can operate in grid connected mode, stand alone mode or synchronization mode. The objective of this work is to investigate a novel control scheme for MG integrated into power electrical system in order to maintain the voltage and the frequency of the grid in an allowable range and to ensure the continuity of power supply in case of grid failure. This control strategy made up of two parts: the first one is the power management algorithm used to detect islanding in case of defect and to monitor the RDG into seven operating modes. The second one is the droop control used to control the exported or imported active and reactive powers transferred with the grid ensuring its stability by adjusting the frequency and amplitude of its output voltage. The system is simulated using MATLAB software and results are provided in order to show the feasibility of this control strategy.

Mouna Rekik; Achraf Abdelkafi; Lotfi Krichen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Safety implementation of adaptive embedded control components  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper deals with dynamic reconfigurations of component-based adaptive embedded control systems to be automatically handled at run-time by intelligent agents. We define a Control Component as a software unit supporting control tasks of the system ... Keywords: adaptive embedded control system, dynamic reconfiguration, intelligent agent, semaphore, software control component

Atef Gharbi; Mohamed Khalgui; Samir Ben Ahmed

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Realtime controller tuning for periodic disturbance rejection with application to active noise control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

de Callafon. Scheduling control for periodic disturbance at-de Callafon, Scheduling Control for Periodic DisturbanceR.A. de Callafon, Scheduling Control for Periodic Distur-

Kinney, Charles E.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Integrated Transmission and Distribution Control  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Distributed, generation, demand response, distributed storage, smart appliances, electric vehicles and renewable energy resources are expected to play a key part in the transformation of the American power system. Control, coordination and compensation of these smart grid assets are inherently interlinked. Advanced control strategies to warrant large-scale penetration of distributed smart grid assets do not currently exist. While many of the smart grid technologies proposed involve assets being deployed at the distribution level, most of the significant benefits accrue at the transmission level. The development of advanced smart grid simulation tools, such as GridLAB-D, has led to a dramatic improvement in the models of smart grid assets available for design and evaluation of smart grid technology. However, one of the main challenges to quantifying the benefits of smart grid assets at the transmission level is the lack of tools and framework for integrating transmission and distribution technologies into a single simulation environment. Furthermore, given the size and complexity of the distribution system, it is crucial to be able to represent the behavior of distributed smart grid assets using reduced-order controllable models and to analyze their impacts on the bulk power system in terms of stability and reliability. The objectives of the project were to: Develop a simulation environment for integrating transmission and distribution control, Construct reduced-order controllable models for smart grid assets at the distribution level, Design and validate closed-loop control strategies for distributed smart grid assets, and Demonstrate impact of integrating thousands of smart grid assets under closed-loop control demand response strategies on the transmission system. More specifically, GridLAB-D, a distribution system tool, and PowerWorld, a transmission planning tool, are integrated into a single simulation environment. The integrated environment allows the load flow interactions between the bulk power system and end-use loads to be explicitly modeled. Power system interactions are modeled down to time intervals as short as 1-second. Another practical issue is that the size and complexity of typical distribution systems makes direct integration with transmission models computationally intractable. Hence, the focus of the next main task is to develop reduced-order controllable models for some of the smart grid assets. In particular, HVAC units, which are a type of Thermostatically Controlled Loads (TCLs), are considered. The reduced-order modeling approach can be extended to other smart grid assets, like water heaters, PVs and PHEVs. Closed-loop control strategies are designed for a population of HVAC units under realistic conditions. The proposed load controller is fully responsive and achieves the control objective without sacrificing the end-use performance. Finally, using the T&D simulation platform, the benefits to the bulk power system are demonstrated by controlling smart grid assets under different demand response closed-loop control strategies.

Kalsi, Karanjit; Fuller, Jason C.; Tuffner, Francis K.; Lian, Jianming; Zhang, Wei; Marinovici, Laurentiu D.; Fisher, Andrew R.; Chassin, Forrest S.; Hauer, Matthew L.

2013-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

417

SP 800-82. Guide to Industrial Control Systems (ICS) Security: Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems, Distributed Control Systems (DCS), and other control system configurations such as Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of this document is to provide guidance for securing industrial control systems (ICS), including supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems, distributed control systems (DCS), and other systems performing control functions. ... Keywords: Cyber-physcial systems, ICS, Industrial Control Systems, SCADA, Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition, security controls, threats, vulnerabilities

Keith A. Stouffer; Joseph A. Falco; Karen A. Scarfone

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Adaptive optimal control: an algorithm for direct digital control  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An algorithm for applying advanced control concepts in heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems has been developed at the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory (LASL). The algorithm uses optimal control and is adaptive in nature. Simulations for a solar heated and cooled building indicate that use of this algorithm can accomplish a substantial savings in auxiliary energy consumption. In this paper, the algorithm is described and its application is illustrated with a simple example. Simulation results for a more complex system are also presented. The hardware, including the digital computer, needed to implement this algorithm is briefly discussed.

Farris, D.R.; McDonald, T.E.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

RHIC stochastic cooling motion control  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) beams are subject to Intra-Beam Scattering (IBS) that causes an emittance growth in all three-phase space planes. The only way to increase integrated luminosity is to counteract IBS with cooling during RHIC stores. A stochastic cooling system for this purpose has been developed, it includes moveable pick-ups and kickers in the collider that require precise motion control mechanics, drives and controllers. Since these moving parts can limit the beam path aperture, accuracy and reliability is important. Servo, stepper, and DC motors are used to provide actuation solutions for position control. The choice of motion stage, drive motor type, and controls are based on needs defined by the variety of mechanical specifications, the unique performance requirements, and the special needs required for remote operations in an accelerator environment. In this report we will describe the remote motion control related beam line hardware, position transducers, rack electronics, and software developed for the RHIC stochastic cooling pick-ups and kickers.

Gassner, D.; DeSanto, L.; Olsen, R.H.; Fu, W.; Brennan, J.M.; Liaw, CJ; Bellavia, S.; Brodowski, J.

2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

420

Magnetohydrodynamic boundary layer control system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide an active boundary layer control system which is lightweight, operates with low in put power, and occupies little physical space. It is a further object of the invention to provide a boundary layer control system which is robust and can be operated in a damaged condition without creating a hazard to the vehicle. It is yet object of the invention to provide a magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) boundary layer control system for marine vehicles which provides a force directly on the water adjacent to the vehicle hull to provide flow separation control. The invention is a boundary layer control system using magnetic and electric fields interaction to providea driving force to energize boundary layer flow around a marine vehicle. A plurality of magnets are located circumferentially around the hull. Seawater electrodes are placed between each of the magnets and between the poles of each magnet. The resulting interaction of the electric and magnetic fields produces a Lorentz force which reduces the turbulence and may even relaminarize the flow in the boundary layer.

Meng, J.C.

1993-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "necessarily constitute control" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Neutral particle beam intensity controller  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A neutral beam intensity controller is provided for a neutral beam generator in which a neutral beam is established by accelerating ions from an ion source into a gas neutralizer. An amplitude modulated, rotating magnetic field is applied to the accelerated ion beam in the gas neutralizer to defocus the resultant neutral beam in a controlled manner to achieve intensity control of the neutral beam along the beam axis at constant beam energy. The rotating magnetic field alters the orbits of ions in the gas neutralizer before they are neutralized, thereby controlling the fraction of neutral particles transmitted out of the neutralizer along the central beam axis to a fusion device or the like. The altered path or defocused neutral particles are sprayed onto an actively cooled beam dump disposed perpendicular to the neutral beam axis and having a central open for passage of the focused beam at the central axis of the beamline. Virtually zero therough 100% intensity control is achieved by varying the magnetic field strength without altering the ion source beam intensity or its species yield.

Dagenhart, William K. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Controlling Structures | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Controlling Structures Controlling Structures Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Controlling Structures Dictionary.png Controlling Structures: No definition has been provided for this term. Add a Definition Structure Description Associated Topography Tectonic Setting Major Normal Fault Normal faults are structures in which the hanging wall is down dropped along the fault plane relative to the foot wall. They are the predominant type of structure in extensional tectonic environments, but are commonly encountered in a number of geologic settings. Major range front faults account for 3% of structural controls in the Great Basin. Mountainous, Horst and Graben Extensional Tectonics, Rift Zone Termination of a Major Normal Fault Major normal faults sometimes terminate into multiple horsetailing splays that result in increased hydrothermal fluid flux. As of 2011, 22% of all known Basin & Range structures hosting geothermal systems occur at normal fault terminations or tip-lines with multiple closely-spaced faults that enhance permeability. Mountainous, Horst and Graben Extensional Tectonics, Rift Zone

423

RELIABILITY IMPROVEMENT OF BART TRAIN CONTROL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2) of the BART Automatic Train Control System. BART 74-111,certain functions of the train controls that had previously2. BART vehicle automatic train control equipment. XBL 7810-

Turner, D.B.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Building blocks for tobacco control: a handbook  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FOR TOBACCO CONTROL: A HANDBOOK 60. Bowers S. ImperialFOR TOBACCO CONTROL: A HANDBOOK 90. Author unknown. YouthBlocks for Tobacco Control A Handbook W O R L D H E A LT H O

World Health Organization - Tobacco Free Initiative

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Model Predictive Control for Energy Efficient Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

control logics in S1 works as follow: condensed water supply temperature (control variables to be optimized by MPC include the chilled water supply temperaturesupply temperatures, and high mass flow rates. This control

Ma, Yudong

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Saving lighting energy with a ''wireless'' controller  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Describes the use of an automatic control system designated the Central Control System (CCS), which requires no wiring to be run between controller and control points. The controller is simply plugged into any wall receptacle; it uses exising building power wiring to transmit command signals to the receiver control modules at the control points. The command pulses from the controller are sent through to the receiver modules when the 60 Hz power sine wave crosses the zero axis. Three types of controllers are available: the basic central programmable controller, a miniature desktop unit for limited local control, and a portable unit that security guards or janitorial personnel can use to override the central controller. Installed for less than $19,000, the new system is delivering approximately $50,000 in annual pretax savings.

Beal, J.D.

1983-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

427

HVDC control developments - addressing system requirements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article describes typical high voltage direct current (HVDC) control systems and some of the new developments in the control area. HVDC control systems are showing their flexible characteristics as demonstrated, for example, by the new modulation, torsional damping, and alternating current voltage and reactive power controllers. Extensive studies are conducted to design and integrate such controllers into HVDC systems and to assure against any detrimental interactions within the total control system. 8 figures.

Hauth, R.L.; Patel, H.S.; Piwko, R.J.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Nitrogen Oxides Emission Control Options  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Nitrogen Nitrogen Oxides Emission Control Options for Coal-Fired Electric Utility Boilers Ravi K. Srivastava and Robert E. Hall U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, National Risk Management Research Laboratory, Air Pollution Prevention and Control Division, Research Triangle Park, NC Sikander Khan and Kevin Culligan U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Air and Radiation, Clean Air Markets Division, Washington, DC Bruce W. Lani U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory, Environmental Projects Division, Pittsburgh, PA ABSTRACT Recent regulations have required reductions in emissions of nitrogen oxides (NO x ) from electric utility boilers. To comply with these regulatory requirements, it is increas- ingly important to implement state-of-the-art NO x con- trol technologies on coal-fired utility boilers. This paper reviews NO x control

429

Surveillance Guides - Work Control Process  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Work Control Process Work Control Process 1.0 Objective The objective of this surveillance guide is to provide lines of inquiry for evaluating the effectiveness of the contractor's work control process. Users should be cognizant that the lines of inquiry need to be further tailored to fit specific facilities or activities in accordance with contractual mechanisms such as Maintenance Implementation Plans, Conduct of Operations Implementation Plans, and the Integrated Safety Management System Description. 2.0 References 2.1 DOE 4330.4B Maintenance Management Program 2.2 48 CFR 1970.5204-2 Department of Energy Acquisition Regulations 2.3 DOE O 5480.19, Conduct of Operations 2.4 10 CFR 830.120, Quality Assurance 3.0 Requirements Implemented This surveillance is conducted to verify implementation of Core

430

Feedback control of resistive instabilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Resistive instabilities are responsible for much of the global behavior and the determination of the possible domains of operation of tokamaks. Their successful control could have definite advantages, even making available new regimes of operation. Elimination of sawtoothing might allow operation with higher currents and more peaked current profiles, with q on axis well below unity. In this work different feedback schemes are explored. Simple analytical derivations of the effects of local heating and current drive feedback are presented. Although control of modes with m greater than or equal to 2 is fairly straightforward, the control of the m = 1 mode is more difficult because of its proximity to ideal instability. The most promising scheme utilizes high energy trapped particles. 20 refs., 3 figs.

White, R.B.; Rutherford, P.H.; Furth, H.P.; Park, W.; Chen, L.

1985-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Multi-robot control interface  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods and systems for controlling a plurality of robots through a single user interface include at least one robot display window for each of the plurality of robots with the at least one robot display window illustrating one or more conditions of a respective one of the plurality of robots. The user interface further includes at least one robot control window for each of the plurality of robots with the at least one robot control window configured to receive one or more commands for sending to the respective one of the plurality of robots. The user interface further includes a multi-robot common window comprised of information received from each of the plurality of robots.

Bruemmer, David J. (Idaho Falls, ID); Walton, Miles C. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2011-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

432

Neutral particle beam intensity controller  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The neutral beam intensity controller is based on selected magnetic defocusing of the ion beam prior to neutralization. The defocused portion of the beam is dumped onto a beam dump disposed perpendicular to the beam axis. Selective defocusing is accomplished by means of a magnetic field generator disposed about the neutralizer so that the field is transverse to the beam axis. The magnetic field intensity is varied to provide the selected partial beam defocusing of the ions prior to neutralization. The desired focused neutral beam portion passes along the beam path through a defining aperture in the beam dump, thereby controlling the desired fraction of neutral particles transmitted to a utilization device without altering the kinetic energy level of the desired neutral particle fraction. By proper selection of the magnetic field intensity, virtually zero through 100% intensity control of the neutral beam is achieved.

Dagenhart, W.K.

1984-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

433

Pulse combustor with controllable oscillations  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A pulse combustor having thermally induced pulse combustion in a continuously flowing system is described. The pulse combustor is fitted with at lease one elongated ceramic body which significantly increases the heat transfer area in the combustion chamber of the combustor. The ceramic body or bodies possess sufficient mass and heat capacity to ignite the fuel-air charge once the ceramic body or bodies are heated by conventional spark plug initiated combustion so as to provide repetitive ignition and combustion of sequentially introduced fuel-air charges without the assistance of the spark plug and the rapid quenching of the flame after each ignition in a controlled manner so as to provide a selective control over the oscillation frequency and amplitude. Additional control over the heat transfer in the combustion chamber is provided by employing heat exchange mechanisms for selectively heating or cooling the elongated ceramic body or bodies and/or the walls of the combustion chamber.

Richards, George A. (Morgantown, WV); Welter, Michael J. (Columbiana, OH); Morris, Gary J. (Morgantown, WV)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Output Feedback Control and Optimal Bandwidth Allocation of Networked Control Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A networked control system (NCS) is a control system where sensors, actuators, and controllers are interconnected over a communication network. This dissertation presents a framework for modeling, stability analysis, optimal control, and bandwidth...

Dong, Jiawei

2013-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

435

NETL: Mercury Emissions Control Technologies - Mercury Control For Plants  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mercury Control For Plants Firing Texas Lignite and Equipped with ESP-wet FGD Mercury Control For Plants Firing Texas Lignite and Equipped with ESP-wet FGD URS Group, Inc., in collaboration with EPRI, Apogee Scientific, AEP, Texas Genco, and TXU Power, ADA-ES, will evaluate sorbent injection for mercury control in an 85/15 blend Texas lignite/PRB derived flue gas, upstream of a cold-side ESP – wet FGD combination. Full-scale sorbent injection tests conducted with various sorbents and combinations of fuel and plant air pollution control devices (APCD) have provided a good understanding of variables that affect sorbent performance. However, many uncertainties exist regarding long-term performance and data gaps remain for specific plant configurations. For example, sorbent injection has not been demonstrated at full-scale for plants firing Texas lignite, which represent approximately 10% of the annual U.S. power plant mercury emissions. The low and variable chloride content of Texas lignite may pose a challenge to achieving high levels of mercury removal with sorbent injection. Furthermore, activated carbon injection may render the fly ash unsuitable for sale, posing an economic liability to Texas lignite utilities. Alternatives to standard activated carbon, such as non-carbon sorbents and alternate injection locations (Toxecon II), have not been fully explored. Toxecon II involves sorbent injection in the middle field(s) of an ESP, thus preserving the integrity of the fly ash in the first fields.

436

Federal Energy Management Program: Lighting Control Types  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Lighting Control Lighting Control Types to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Lighting Control Types on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Lighting Control Types on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Lighting Control Types on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Lighting Control Types on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Lighting Control Types on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Lighting Control Types on AddThis.com... Energy-Efficient Products Federal Requirements Covered Product Categories Product Designation Process Low Standby Power Energy & Cost Savings Calculators Model Acquisitions Language Working Group Resources Technology Deployment Renewable Energy

437

Boiler Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) Technical...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Boiler Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) Technical Assistance - Fact Sheet, May 2014 Boiler Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) Technical Assistance - Fact...

438

Model Predictive Control for Energy Efficient Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Learning Control for Thermal Energy Storage Systems. In:Predictive Control of Thermal Energy Storage in Buildingmaking use of building thermal energy storage, and this work

Ma, Yudong

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Open architecture in control system integration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Open architecture offers the manufacturing community a number of advantages in the integration of future machine control systems. Among these advantages is the ability to upgrade and take advantage of innovative new control strategies. A key enabling technology in open architecture control systems is the digital signal processor (DSP). DSPs can be used to provide a complete control system or can enhance the computational capability of larger control systems. The use of DSPs in the integration of open architecture control systems is discussed, including their impact on reliability and control system functionality. In addition, the role of DSPs in control system architecture is addressed.

Wysor, R.W. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Carnal, C.L. [Tennessee Technological Univ., Cookeville, TN (United States); Igou, R.E. [Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant, TN (United States)

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Facile and controllable electrochemical reduction of graphene...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and controllable electrochemical reduction of graphene oxide and its applications. Facile and controllable electrochemical reduction of graphene oxide and its applications....

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "necessarily constitute control" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Controlling proton source speeds catalyst | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Controlling proton source speeds catalyst Controlling proton source speeds catalyst Nickel-based catalyst three times faster with adjustments to key acid Research showing that...

442

EERE Quality Control Workshop | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Quality Control Workshop EERE Quality Control Workshop The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) held the Office of Energy Efficiency and...

443

Johnson Controls: Meeting Minutes | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Meeting Minutes Johnson Controls: Meeting Minutes Meeting with DOEOMB Officials on Advanced Technology Vehicle Loan Program Johnson Controls: Meeting Minutes More Documents &...

444

Development of Building Automation and Control Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A design flow for building automation and control systems,Development of Building Automation and Control Systems Yangdesign of the build- ing automation system (including the

Yang, Yang; Zhu, Qi; Maasoumy, Mehdi; Sangiovanni-Vincentelli, Alberto

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Model Predictive Control for Energy Efficient Buildings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

automation system Automated Logic Web Control. In theto the campus through the Automated Logics Web Control (ALC)using WebCTRL developed by Automated Logic Corporation. The

Ma, Yudong

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Particulate Emissions Control by Advanced Filtration Systems...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Particulate Emissions Control by Advanced Filtration Systems or GDI Engines Particulate Emissions Control by Advanced Filtration Systems or GDI Engines 2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel...

447

Criticality Safety Controls Implementation Inspection Criteria...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Criticality Safety Controls Implementation Inspection Criteria, Approach, and Lines of Inquiry, October 23, 2009, (HSS CRAD 64-18, Rev 0 ) Criticality Safety Controls...

448

Optimization Online - Processor Speed Control with Thermal ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sep 29, 2007 ... ... such as power supply voltage) can be controlled, and we model the dissipated ... Keywords: temperature-aware processor control, convex...

Almir Mutapcic

2007-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

449

Document Control Program | The Ames Laboratory  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Training, Documents, & Records Document Control Program The Document Control (DC) Plan ensures that only approved, current versions of such documents are used in the workplace or...

450

Building Technologies Office: Sensors and Controls Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sensors and Controls Sensors and Controls Research to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Sensors and Controls Research on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Sensors and Controls Research on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Sensors and Controls Research on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Sensors and Controls Research on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Sensors and Controls Research on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Sensors and Controls Research on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner with DOE Activities Appliances Research Building Envelope Research Windows, Skylights, & Doors Research Space Heating & Cooling Research Water Heating Research Lighting Research

451

Recommended Security Controls for Federal Information Systems...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

NIST 800-53 Revision 3 + Draft Revision 4 Recommended Security Controls for Federal Information Systems and Organizations Note: CNTL NO. Table D2: Security Control Base Lines...

452

Stabilizing control design of a motorcycle.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis solves the stabilizing control of an autonomous motorcycle. The control of an autonomous motorcycle is a challenging and interesting problem in the field (more)

Yuan, F

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Prickly Pear Eradication and Control.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Dameron, Superintendent, Substation No. 14, Sonora, and H. P. Smith, Chief, Division of Agricultural Engineering. time not e: Scour! anrl F GUL.,A L. She years in thl Ranchmen of West Texas have used prickly pear as a stock food for many years... of livestock following the fencing of the ranching country of West Texas.1 The 'E. Mortensen, Factors in considering insect and disease control of prickly pear in Texas. Mimeographed paper. PRICKLY PEAR ERADICATION AND CONTROL 9 increase of prickly pear...

Dameron, W. H.; Smith, H. P. (Harris Pearson)

1939-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Roll Control in Fruit Flies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Due to aerodynamic instabilities, stabilizing flapping flight requires ever-present fast corrective actions. Here we investigate how flies control body roll angle, their most susceptible degree of freedom. We glue a magnet to each fly, apply a short magnetic pulse that rolls it in mid-air, and film the corrective maneuver. Flies correct perturbations of up to $100^{\\circ}$ within $30\\pm7\\mathrm{ms}$ by applying a stroke-amplitude asymmetry that is well described by a linear PI controller. The response latency is $\\sim5\\mathrm{ms}$, making the roll correction reflex one of the fastest in the animal kingdom.

Beatus, Tsevi; Cohen, Itai

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

A Universal Dual-Fuel Controller for OEM/Aftermarket Diesel Engineswith Comprehensive Fuel & Emission Control  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presents a universal dual fuel ratio controller designed to control the fueling and emissions of dual fuel systems

456

DIesel Emission Control Technology Developments  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

for on-road Applies to off-road and stationary engines in California Enables use of control technologies New Engine Standards 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 gbhp-hr N o C o n t r o l 1 9 8 8...

457

Controlled growth of carbon nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Terrones Controlled growth of carbon nanotubes R. Vajtai 1 B. Q. Wei 2 P. M. Ajayan...Rouge, LA 70803-5901, USA Carbon nanotubes have extraordinary mechanical and electronic...state-of-the-art account of tailored nanotube growth. To provide these properties...

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Multiple input electrode gap controller  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for controlling vacuum arc remelting (VAR) furnaces by estimation of electrode gap based on a plurality of secondary estimates derived from furnace outputs. The estimation is preferably performed by Kalman filter. Adaptive gain techniques may be employed, as well as detection of process anomalies such as glows. 17 figs.

Hysinger, C.L.; Beaman, J.J.; Melgaard, D.K.; Williamson, R.L.

1999-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

459

Integrated Approach to Malaria Control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...support. The extent of a sustainable control program will...way on a large sugar estate covering a resident...in prophylaxis on the estate, whereas transmission...effect, but none will be sustainable without a national program...spraying. If there are no real perceived benefits such...

Clive Shiff

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Coordinated Control of HVAC Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper describes the development of new control logic for starting and stopping energy-intensive equipment in buildings such as staged air-conditioning units. The concept is to use pulse-width modulation (PWM) instead of level-crossing logic. A...

Federspiel, C.; Lanning, S. D.; Li, H.; Auslander, D. M.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "necessarily constitute control" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Advanced Emissions Control Development Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Babcock & Wilcox (B&W) is conducting a five-year project aimed at the development of practical, cost-effective strategies for reducing the emissions of hazardous air pollutants (commonly called air toxics) from coal-fired electric utility plants. The need for air toxic emissions controls may arise as the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency proceeds with implementation of Title III of the Clean Air Act Amendment (CAAA) of 1990. Data generated during the program will provide utilities with the technical and economic information necessary to reliably evaluate various air toxics emissions compliance options such as fuel switching, coal cleaning, and flue gas treatment. The development work is being carried out using B&W?s new Clean Environment Development Facility (CEDF) wherein air toxics emissions control strategies can be developed under controlled conditions, and with proven predictability to commercial systems. Tests conducted in the CEDF provide high quality, repeatable, comparable data over a wide range of coal properties, operating conditions, and emissions control systems. Development work to date has concentrated on the capture of mercury, other trace metals, fine particulate, and the inorganic species hydrogen chloride and hydrogen fluoride.

A. P. Evans

1998-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

462

Advanced Emission Control Development Program.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Babcock & Wilcox (B&W) is conducting a five-year project aimed at the development of practical, cost-effective strategies for reducing the emissions of hazardous air pollutants (commonly called air toxics) from coal-fired electric utility plants. The need for air toxic emissions controls may arise as the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency proceeds with implementation of Title III of the Clean Air Act Amendment (CAAA) of 1990. Data generated during the program will provide utilities with the technical and economic information necessary to reliably evaluate various air toxics emissions compliance options such as fuel switching, coal cleaning, and flue gas treatment. The development work is being carried out using B&W`s new Clean Environment Development Facility (CEDF) wherein air toxics emissions control strategies can be developed under controlled conditions, and with proven predictability to commercial systems. Tests conducted in the CEDF provide high quality, repeatable, comparable data over a wide range of coal properties, operating conditions, and emissions control systems. Development work to date has concentrated on the capture of mercury, other trace metals, fine particulate, and the inorganic species hydrogen chloride and hydrogen fluoride.

Evans, A.P.

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

463

Sustainability Through Intelligent Controls Workshop  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in industrial, commercial and residential automation and controls technologies. RBCG provides building automation standards, specification development support, educational program development, and facility master planning. Key areas of focus include energy... of Energy Leveraging Costs of Multiple Integrated Building Systems Openness facilitates Integration ! Source: TAC. Energy Monitoring System Integration Life Cycle Cost Analysis Life Cycle Cost Component Non- Integrated Building Partial...

Berstein, R.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

FOREIGN INVESTMENT: Controls Coming Off  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Chances are good that one of President Nixon's first tasks when he returns from Europe will be to see what he can do to dismantle the direct controls on foreign investment by U.S. firms instituted in January 1968.Speaking at the just-concluded midwinter ...

1969-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

465

Temperature controlled high voltage regulator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A temperature controlled high voltage regulator for automatically adjusting the high voltage applied to a radiation detector is described. The regulator is a solid state device that is independent of the attached radiation detector, enabling the regulator to be used by various models of radiation detectors, such as gas flow proportional radiation detectors.

Chiaro, Jr., Peter J. (Clinton, TN); Schulze, Gerald K. (Knoxville, TN)

2004-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

466

Nuclear Material Control and Accountability  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

This Order establishes performance objectives, metrics, and requirements for developing, implementing, and maintaining a nuclear material control and accountability program within DOE/NNSA and for DOE-owned materials at other facilities that are exempt from licensing by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Cancels DOE M 470.4-6. Admin Chg 1, 8-3-11.

2011-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

467

Texas Poultry Pest Control Practices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and house flies caused the most economic damage to poultry operations. However, in 1996 only 5 percent of respon- Texas Poultry Pest-Control Practices Kent D. Hall, Rodney L. Holloway, John B. Carey and Clifford E. Hoelscher* F dents named house flies...

Hall, Kent D.; Holloway, Rodney L.; Carey, John B.; Hoelscher, Clifford E.

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Invisibility & Control of Electromagnetic fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Invisibility & Control of Electromagnetic fields JB Pendry The Blackett Laboratory, Imperial to make something invisible Science 312 1780-2 (2006), JB Pendry, D Schurig, and DR Smith 1. define a region that is to be invisible 2. surround it with an optical medium that can bend light 3. design

van Tiggelen, Bart

469

Control of Nuclear Weapon Data  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The directive establishes the policy, process and procedures for control of nuclear weapon data to ensure that dissemination of the information is restricted to individuals with appropriate clearances, approved authorization and valid need-to-know in keeping with the Atomic Energy Act (as amended) stipulation of ensuring common defense and security. Cancels DOE O 5610.2.

2011-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

470

Three phase AC motor controller  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A motor controller for a three phase AC motor (10) which is adapted to operate bidirectionally from signals received either from a computer (30) or a manual control (32). The controller is comprised of digital logic circuit means which implement a forward and reverse command signal channel (27, 29) for the application of power through the forward and reverse power switching relays (16, 18, 20, 22). The digital logic elements are cross coupled to prevent activation of both channels simultaneously and each includes a plugging circuit (65, 67) for stopping the motor upon the removal of control signal applied to one of the two channels (27, 29) for a direction of rotation desired. Each plugging circuit (65, 67) includes a one-shot pulse signal generator (88, 102) which outputs a single pulse signal of predetermined pulsewidth which is adapted to inhibit further operation of the application of power in the channel which is being activated and to apply a reversal command signal to the other channel which provides a reversed phase application of power to the motor for a period defined by the pulse-width output of the one-shot signal generator to plug the motor (10) which will then be inoperative until another rotational command signal is applied to either of the two channels.

Vuckovich, Michael (Elizabeth, PA); Wright, Maynard K. (Bethel Park, PA); Burkett, John P. (South Huntington Township, Westmoreland County, PA)

1984-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

471

Contact tracing and disease control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...c) probability of transmission, r/(1+r) numberofcontactsperindividual...18 20 probability of transmission, r/(1+r) numberofcontactsperindividual...1 and 3.2. Grey line indicates the theoretical...The probability of transmission is fixed at 0.5...potential transmission routes. 4. CONTROL IN SEXUAL...

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Control algorithms for dynamic attenuators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: The authors describe algorithms to control dynamic attenuators in CT and compare their performance using simulated scans. Dynamic attenuators are prepatient beam shaping filters that modulate the distribution of x-ray fluence incident on the patient on a view-by-view basis. These attenuators can reduce dose while improving key image quality metrics such as peak or mean variance. In each view, the attenuator presents several degrees of freedom which may be individually adjusted. The total number of degrees of freedom across all views is very large, making many optimization techniques impractical. The authors develop a theory for optimally controlling these attenuators. Special attention is paid to a theoretically perfect attenuator which controls the fluence for each ray individually, but the authors also investigate and compare three other, practical attenuator designs which have been previously proposed: the piecewise-linear attenuator, the translating attenuator, and the double wedge attenuator. Methods: The authors pose and solve the optimization problems of minimizing the mean and peak variance subject to a fixed dose limit. For a perfect attenuator and mean variance minimization, this problem can be solved in simple, closed form. For other attenuator designs, the problem can be decomposed into separate problems for each view to greatly reduce the computational complexity. Peak variance minimization can be approximately solved using iterated, weighted mean variance (WMV) minimization. Also, the authors develop heuristics for the perfect and piecewise-linear attenuators which do not requirea priori knowledge of the patient anatomy. The authors compare these control algorithms on different types of dynamic attenuators using simulated raw data from forward projected DICOM files of a thorax and an abdomen. Results: The translating and double wedge attenuators reduce dose by an average of 30% relative to current techniques (bowtie filter with tube current modulation) without increasing peak variance. The 15-element piecewise-linear dynamic attenuator reduces dose by an average of 42%, and the perfect attenuator reduces dose by an average of 50%. Improvements in peak variance are several times larger than improvements in mean variance. Heuristic control eliminates the need for a prescan. For the piecewise-linear attenuator, the cost of heuristic control is an increase in dose of 9%. The proposed iterated WMV minimization produces results that are within a few percent of the true solution. Conclusions: Dynamic attenuators show potential for significant dose reduction. A wide class of dynamic attenuators can be accurately controlled using the described methods.

Hsieh, Scott S., E-mail: sshsieh@stanford.edu [Department of Radiology, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 and Department of Electrical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States); Pelc, Norbert J. [Department of Radiology, Stanford University, Stanford California 94305 and Department of Bioengineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States)] [Department of Radiology, Stanford University, Stanford California 94305 and Department of Bioengineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States)

2014-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

473

Cyber Incidents Involving Control Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Analysis Function of the US-CERT Control Systems Security Center (CSSC) at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) has prepared this report to document cyber security incidents for use by the CSSC. The description and analysis of incidents reported herein support three CSSC tasks: establishing a business case; increasing security awareness and private and corporate participation related to enhanced cyber security of control systems; and providing informational material to support model development and prioritize activities for CSSC. The stated mission of CSSC is to reduce vulnerability of critical infrastructure to cyber attack on control systems. As stated in the Incident Management Tool Requirements (August 2005) ''Vulnerability reduction is promoted by risk analysis that tracks actual risk, emphasizes high risk, determines risk reduction as a function of countermeasures, tracks increase of risk due to external influence, and measures success of the vulnerability reduction program''. Process control and Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems, with their reliance on proprietary networks and hardware, have long been considered immune to the network attacks that have wreaked so much havoc on corporate information systems. New research indicates this confidence is misplaced--the move to open standards such as Ethernet, Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol, and Web technologies is allowing hackers to take advantage of the control industry's unawareness. Much of the available information about cyber incidents represents a characterization as opposed to an analysis of events. The lack of good analyses reflects an overall weakness in reporting requirements as well as the fact that to date there have been very few serious cyber attacks on control systems. Most companies prefer not to share cyber attack incident data because of potential financial repercussions. Uniform reporting requirements will do much to make this information available to Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and others who require it. This report summarizes the rise in frequency of cyber attacks, describes the perpetrators, and identifies the means of attack. This type of analysis, when used in conjunction with vulnerability analyses, can be used to support a proactive approach to prevent cyber attacks. CSSC will use this document to evolve a standardized approach to incident reporting and analysis. This document will be updated as needed to record additional event analyses and insights regarding incident reporting. This report represents 120 cyber security incidents documented in a number of sources, including: the British Columbia Institute of Technology (BCIT) Industrial Security Incident Database, the 2003 CSI/FBI Computer Crime and Security Survey, the KEMA, Inc., Database, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, the Energy Incident Database, the INL Cyber Incident Database, and other open-source data. The National Memorial Institute for the Prevention of Terrorism (MIPT) database was also interrogated but, interestingly, failed to yield any cyber attack incidents. The results of this evaluation indicate that historical evidence provides insight into control system related incidents or failures; however, that the limited available information provides little support to future risk estimates. The documented case history shows that activity has increased significantly since 1988. The majority of incidents come from the Internet by way of opportunistic viruses, Trojans, and worms, but a surprisingly large number are directed acts of sabotage. A substantial number of confirmed, unconfirmed, and potential events that directly or potentially impact control systems worldwide are also identified. Twelve selected cyber incidents are presented at the end of this report as examples of the documented case studies (see Appendix B).

Robert J. Turk

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Ancillary service details: Voltage control  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Voltage control is accomplished by managing reactive power on an alternating-current power system. Reactive power can be produced and absorbed by both generation and transmission equipment. Reactive-power devices differ substantially in the magnitude and speed of response and in their capital costs. System operators, transmission owners, generators, customers, power marketers, and government regulators need to pay close attention to voltage control as they restructure the U.S. electricity industry. Voltage control can affect reliability and commerce in three ways: (1) Voltages must be maintained within an acceptable range for both customer and power-system equipment to function properly. (2) The movement of reactive power consumes transmission resources, which limits the ability to move real power and worsens congestion. (3) The movement of reactive power results in real-power losses. When generators are required to supply excessive amounts of reactive power, their real-power production must be curtailed. These opportunity costs are not currently compensated for in most regions. Current tariffs are based on embedded costs. These embedded-cost tariffs average about $0.51/MWh, equivalent to $1.5 billion annually for the United States as a whole. Although this cost is low when compared with the cost of energy, it still aggregates to a significant amount of money. This report takes a basic look at why the power system requires reactive power (an appendix explains the fundamentals of real and reactive power). The report then examines the various types of generation and transmission resources used to supply reactive power and to control voltage. Finally it discusses how these resources are deployed and paid for in several reliability regions around the country. As the U.S. electricity industry is restructured, the generation, transmission, and system-control equipment and functions that maintain voltages within the appropriate ranges are being deintegrated.

Kirby, B.; Hirst, E.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

A new control theory and method - human-thinking simulated control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new control theory and method called human-thinking simulated control is proposed firstly according to the human cognition and human control thinking mechanism. Its main research contents are to reveal the thinking password of human brain control for a complex system and design the controller simulating human control thinking. The background and research contents of human-thinking simulated control are introduced, and the structure and implementation of the controller are discussed in the paper. A case study proves that the new control method is effective and successful. Cybernetics based on human control thinking will be founded in the future.

Peijin Wang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

September 12, 2002 Fuzzy PI Control Design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

demonstrates two types of fuzzy logic controllers for an industrial weigh belt feeder. The first type is a PI-like fuzzy logic controller (FLC). A gain scheduled PI-like FLC and a self-tuning PI-like FLC are presented the effectiveness of the proposed fuzzy logic controllers. A performance comparison of the three controllers is also

Collins, Emmanuel

477

Brief Supervision of adaptive control algorithms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An adaptive controller needs supervisory functions in order to function well in an industrial environment. This paper describes these needs, and provides examples of supervisory functions that presently are used in industrial adaptive controllers. These ... Keywords: Adaptive control, Detection, Industrial control, Supervision

Tore HGglund; Karl Johan StrM

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Event based Control for Distributed Systemsy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

's wireless control systems Home automation Transportation networksHome automationIndustrial automation Home

Johansson, Karl Henrik

479

Controlled Hydrogen Fleet and Infrastructure Analysis (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation summarizes controlled hydrogen fleet & infrastructure analysis undertaken for the DOE Fuel Cell Technologies Program.

Wipke, K.; Sprik, S.; Kurtz, J.; Ramsden, T.

2010-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

480

NETL: Advanced NOx Emissions Control: Control Technology - ALTA for Cyclone  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Full-Scale Demonstration of ALTA NOx Control for Cyclone-Fired Boilers Full-Scale Demonstration of ALTA NOx Control for Cyclone-Fired Boilers The primary goal of this project was to evaluate a technology called advanced layered technology application (ALTA) as a means to achieve NOx emissions below 0.15 lb/MMBtu in a cyclone boiler. Reaction Engineering International (REI) conducted field testing and combustion modeling to refine the process design, define the optimum technology parameters, and assess system performance. The ALTA NOx control technology combines deep staging from overfire air, rich reagent injection (RRI), and selective non-catalytic reduction (SNCR). Field testing was conducted during May-June 2005 at AmerenUE's Sioux Station Unit 1, a 500 MW cyclone boiler unit that typically burns an 80/20 blend of Powder River Basin subbituminous coal and Illinois No. 6 bituminous coal. Parametric testing was also conducted with 60/40 and 0/100 blends. The testing also evaluated process impacts on balance-of-plant issues such as the amount of unburned carbon in the ash, slag tapping, waterwall corrosion, ammonia slip, and heat distribution.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "necessarily constitute control" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

NETL: Mercury Emissions Control Technologies - Testing of Mercury Control  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Testing of Mercury Control with Calcium-Based Sorbents and Oxidizing Agents Testing of Mercury Control with Calcium-Based Sorbents and Oxidizing Agents Southern Research Institute, Birmingham, Alabama Subcontractor- ARCADIS Geraghty & Miller The overall goal of this project is to test the effectiveness of calcium-based sorbents and oxidizing agents for controlling mercury emissions from coal-fired power plant boilers. ARCADIS Geraghty & Miller, with EPA support, has developed calcium-based sorbents to remove SO2 and mercury simultaneously. The sorbents consist of hydrated lime (Ca(OH)2) and an added oxidant and a silica-modified calcium (CaSiO3) with an added oxidant. The mercury capacity in ug Hg/g sorbent for the two sorbents is 20 and 110-150, respectively, verses a mercury capacity for the current standard sorbent, activated carbon, of 70-100. The advantages of a lime based sorbent verses carbon is lower cost, simultaneous removal of sulfur, and allowance of ash to be utilized for a cement additive.

482

NETL: Advanced NOx Emissions Control: Control Technology - NOx Combustion  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Control Options and Integration Control Options and Integration Reaction Engineering International (REI) is optimizing the performance of, and reduce the technical risks associated with the combined application of low-NOx firing systems (LNFS) and post combustion controls through modeling, bench-scale testing, and field verification. Teaming with REI are the University of Utah and Brown University. During this two-year effort, REI will assess real-time monitoring equipment to evaluate waterwall wastage, soot formation, and burner stoichiometry, demonstrate analysis techniques to improve LNFS in combination with reburning/SNCR, assess selective catalytic reduction catalyst life, and develop UBC/fly ash separation processes. The REI program will be applicable to coal-fired boilers currently in use in the United States, including corner-, wall-, turbo-, and cyclone-fired units. However, the primary target of the research will be cyclone boilers, which are high NOx producing units and represent about 20% of the U.S. generating capacity. The results will also be applicable to all U.S. coals. The research will be divided into four key components:

483

Controls on morphological variability and role of stream power distribution pattern, Yamuna River, western India  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Understanding the controls on the morphological variability of river systems constitutes one of the fundamental questions in geomorphic investigation. Channel morphology is an important indicator of river processes and is of significance for mapping the hydrology-ecologic connectivity in a river system and for predicting the future trajectory of river health in response to external forcings. This paper documents the spatial morphological variability and its natural and anthropogenic controls for the Yamuna River, a major tributary of the Ganga River, India. The Yamuna River runs through a major urban centre i.e. Delhi National Capital Region. The Yamuna River was divided into eight geomorphically distinct reaches on the basis of the assemblages of geomorphic units and the association of landscape, valley and floodplain settings. The morphological variability was analysed through stream power distribution and sediment load data at various stations. Stream power distribution of the Yamuna River basin is characterised by a non-linear pattern that was used to distinguish (a) high energy natural upstream reaches, (b) anthropogenically altered, low energy middle stream reaches, and (c) rejuvenated downstream reaches again with higher stream power. The relationship between stream power and channel morphology in these reaches was integrated with sediment load data to define the maximum flow efficiency (MFE) as the threshold for geomorphic transition. This analysis supports the continuity of river processes and the significance of a holistic, basin-scale approach rather than isolated local scale analysis in river studies.

Nupur Bawa; Vikrant Jain; Shashank Shekhar; Niraj Kumar; Vikas Jyani

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Emissions Control Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Emissions Control Emissions Control Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Emissions Control Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Emissions Control Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Emissions Control Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Emissions Control Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Emissions Control Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Emissions Control Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Emissions Control Requirement Heavy-duty diesel vehicles used to perform federally funded state public works contracts must be powered by engines with Level 3 emissions control

485

Marathon pipe line's new control system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new control system for Marathon Pipe Line Company's 4200 mile long oil pipeline is described. The pipeline transports 1 1/2 million barrels/day of crude oil and refined products. A comprehensive, centralized computer control system in Findlay, Ohio was developed to provide precision control of the system. Marathon is almost finished with the supervisory control and data acquisition system which can almost instantaneously control fluid movements throughout the network with the push of a few buttons.

Ross, J.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Self Contained Temperature Actuated Control Valves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ogontz Controls Company, P.O. Box 479, Willow Grove, Pennsylvania, 19090. FREEZ AND SCALD PROTECTION OUTDOOR EMERGENCY SHOWER = t' ",. 362 ESL-IE-79-04-39 Proceedings from the First Industrial Energy Technology Conference Houston, TX, April 22... control valves and surface temperature control valves (to provide setqp and freeze protection), fluid sensing control valves, air fluid sensing control valves, safety shower val~es (to provide both freeze and scald protection) and condensate freeze...

Pirkle, F.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Control system for fluid heated steam generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A control system for controlling the location of the nucleate-boiling region in a fluid heated steam generator comprises means for measuring the temperature gradient (change in temperature per unit length) of the heating fluid along the steam generator; means for determining a control variable in accordance with a predetermined function of temperature gradients and for generating a control signal in response thereto; and means for adjusting the feedwater flow rate in accordance with the control signal.

Boland, J.F.; Koenig, J.F.

1984-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

488

ETTP Security Access Control System (ESACS) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

ETTP Security Access Control System (ESACS) ETTP Security Access Control System (ESACS) ETTP Security Access Control System (ESACS) ETTP Security Access Control System (ESACS) More...

489

Automated Export Control.PDF  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3 3 I N S P E C T I O N R E P O R T U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL OFFICE OF INSPECTIONS INSPECTION OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY'S AUTOMATED EXPORT CONTROL SYSTEM DECEMBER 2001 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Washington, DC 20585 December 7, 2001 MEMORANDUM FOR THE SECRETARY FROM: Gregory H. Friedman /s/ Inspector General SUBJECT: INFORMATION: Report on "Inspection of the Department of Energy's Automated Export Control System" BACKGROUND The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2000 (NDAA for FY 2000) contained a provision that not later than March 30 of each year the President will submit to Congress, beginning in the year 2000 and ending in the year 2007, an annual report on the Government's policies and procedures with respect to the export of technologies and technical information with

490

Nuclear Materials Control and Accountability  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

JUNE 2011 JUNE 2011 ──────────────── CHANGE NOTICE NO.1 AUGUST 2011 DOE STANDARD NUCLEAR MATERIALS CONTROL AND ACCOUNTABILITY U.S. Department of Energy AREA SANS Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. ATTACHMENT 1 Change Notice No. 1 DOE -STD-1194-2011 August 2011 Nuclear Materials Control and Accountability Table of Changes Page/Section Change Title Page Formatting and font size adjusted. Page 2/Section 4.h. Reference to document was updated from DOE M 470.4-1 Chg 2, Safeguards and Security Program Planning and Management, dated 10-2-10 to DOE O 470.4B, Safeguards and Security Program, dated 7-21-11. Page 2/Section 4.i. Reference to document was updated from DOE M

491

Smart Cruise Control.pub  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cruise Control: An ITS Application for Improved Cruise Control: An ITS Application for Improved Fuel Economy, Safety, and Traffic Congestion Oak Ridge National Laboratory managed by UT-Battelle, LLC for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract number DE-AC05-00OR22725 Research Areas Freight Flows Passenger Flows Supply Chain Efficiency Transportation: Energy Environment Safety Security Vehicle Technologies Research Brief T he U.S. Department of Transportation's (DOT's) IntelliDrive Program promises significant advances in safety, mobility and the environment. Some of the greatest challenges in transportation today are associated with reducing fuel consumption and vehicle emissions, improving safety on the roadway, and in increasing the efficiency of use of the highway infrastructure, which is becoming

492

Nuclear Material Control and Accountability  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DOE-STD-1194-2011 JUNE 2011 ──────────────── CHANGE NOTICE NO.2 DECEMBER 2012 ──────────────── CHANGE NOTICE NO.3 OCTOBER 2013 DOE STANDARD NUCLEAR MATERIALS CONTROL AND ACCOUNTABILITY U.S. Department of Energy AREA SANS Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. ATTACHMENT 1 Change Notice No. 3 DOE -STD-1194-2011 October 2013 Nuclear Materials Control and Accountability Table of Changes Page/Section Change Page 57/Section 6.4.4.1. Change from, - Accounting records and source documents shall include item identification, material type, form, quantity, location, gross

493

Radiological Control Training for Supervisors  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3-2001 3-2001 August 2001 Change Notice No 1. with Reaffirmation January 2007 DOE HANDBOOK Radiological Control Training for Supervisors U.S. Department of Energy AREA TRNG Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE This document has been reproduced directly from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from ES&H Technical Information Services, U.S. Department of Energy, (800) 473-4375, fax (301) 903-9823. Available to the public from the U.S. Department of Commerce, Technology Administration, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, VA 22161; (703) 605-6000. Radiological Control Training for Supervisors

494

Radiation Safety Work Control Form  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Radiation Safety Work Control Form Radiation Safety Work Control Form (see instructions on pg-2) Rev July-2012 Area: Form #: Date: Preliminary Applicability Screen: (a) Will closing the beam line injection stoppers mitigate the radiological hazards introduced by the proposed work? Yes No (b) Can the closed state of the beam line injection stoppers be assured during the proposed work (ie., work does NOT involve injection stoppers or associated HPS)? Yes No If the answers to both questions are yes, the work can be performed safely under an SSRL RSWCF. If the answer to either question is no, then the work must be performed under a SPEAR3 RSWCF. Section 1: Description of work to be done, including date and time. (Person Responsible completes section)

495

HCCI Engine Optimization and Control  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of this project was to develop methods to optimize and control Homogeneous-Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) engines, with emphasis on diesel-fueled engines. HCCI offers the potential of nearly eliminating IC engine NOx and particulate emissions at reduced cost over Compression Ignition Direct Injection engines (CIDI) by controlling pollutant emissions in-cylinder. The project was initiated in January, 2002, and the present report is the final report for work conducted on the project through December 31, 2004. Periodic progress has also been reported at bi-annual working group meetings held at USCAR, Detroit, MI, and at the Sandia National Laboratories. Copies of these presentation materials are available on CD-ROM, as distributed by the Sandia National Labs. In addition, progress has been documented in DOE Advanced Combustion Engine R&D Annual Progress Reports for FY 2002, 2003 and 2004. These reports are included as the Appendices in this Final report.

Rolf D. Reitz

2005-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

496

Cavitation-controlled ultrasonic agitator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High-intensity ultrasound generally produces nonlinear acoustic cavitation and streaming in liquids. The ultrasonic energy required to cause cavitation and streaming in a liquid depends on the physical properties of the liquid, e.g., surface tension, viscosity, and entrained gases. Both cavitation and streaming generate acoustic noise whose signatures may be used to distinguish the stage of agitation and thus allow the process to be controlled. An ultrasonic agitator has been designed for application in a confined area with a high-temperature, high-pressure, and corrosive environment. Control of this agitator is based on the detection of noise levels and subharmonics produced during cavitation and streaming. Noise signatures of agitation in different liquids and in liquids with particles have been determined, and discussed. 6 refs., 6 figs.

Sheen, S.H.; Lawrence, W.P.; Raptis, A.C.

1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Portal monitoring technology control process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Portal monitors are an important part of the material protection, control, and accounting (MPC and A) programs in Russia and the US. Although portal monitors are only a part of an integrated MPC and A system, they are an effective means of controlling the unauthorized movement of special nuclear material (SNM). Russian technical experts have gained experience in the use of SNM portal monitors from US experts ad this has allowed them to use the monitors more effectively. Several Russian institutes and companies are designing and manufacturing SNM portal monitors in Russia. Interactions between Russian and US experts have resulted in improvements to the instruments. SNM portal monitor technology has been effectively transferred from the US to Russia and should be a permanent part of the Russian MPC and A Program. Progress in the implementation of the monitors and improvements to how they are used are discussed.

York, R.L.

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

498

Alien liquid detector and control  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An alien liquid detector employs a monitoring element and an energizing circuit for maintaining the temperature of the monitoring element substantially above ambient temperature. For this purpose an electronic circit controls a flow of heating current to the monitoring element. The presence of an alien liquid is detected by sensing a predetermined change in heating current flow to the monitoring element, e.g., to distinguish between water and oil. In preferred embodiments the monitoring element is a thermistor whose resistance is compared with a reference resistance and heating current through the thermistor is controlled in accordance with the difference. In one embodiment a bridge circuit senses the resistance difference; the difference may be sensed by an operational amplifier arrangement. Features of the invention include positioning the monitoring element at the surface of water, slightly immersed, so that the power required to maintain the thermistor temperature substantially above ambient temperature serves to detect presence of oil pollution at the surface.

Potter, B.M.

1980-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

499

Heat engine generator control system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electrical power generation system includes a heat engine having an output member operatively coupled to the rotor of a dynamoelectric machine. System output power is controlled by varying an electrical parameter of the dynamoelectric machine. A power request signal is related to an engine speed and the electrical parameter is varied in accordance with a speed control loop. Initially, the sense of change in the electrical parameter in response to a change in the power request signal is opposite that required to effectuate a steady state output power consistent with the power request signal. Thereafter, the electrical parameter is varied to converge the output member speed to the speed known to be associated with the desired electrical output power.

Rajashekara, Kaushik (Carmel, IN); Gorti, Bhanuprasad Venkata (Towson, MD); McMullen, Steven Robert (Anderson, IN); Raibert, Robert Joseph (Fishers, IN)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Heat engine generator control system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electrical power generation system includes a heat engine having an output member operatively coupled to the rotor of a dynamoelectric machine. System output power is controlled by varying an electrical parameter of the dynamoelectric machine. A power request signal is related to an engine speed and the electrical parameter is varied in accordance with a speed control loop. Initially, the sense of change in the electrical parameter in response to a change in the power request signal is opposite that required to effectuate a steady state output power consistent with the power request signal. Thereafter, the electrical parameter is varied to converge the output member speed to the speed known to be associated with the desired electrical output power. 8 figs.

Rajashekara, K.; Gorti, B.V.; McMullen, S.R.; Raibert, R.J.

1998-05-12T23:59:59.000Z