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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nearby offline features" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Writer-independent off-line signature verification using surroundedness feature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper presents a novel set of features based on surroundedness property of a signature (image in binary form) for off-line signature verification. The proposed feature set describes the shape of a signature in terms of spatial distribution of black ... Keywords: Feature selection, Shape, Signature verification, Surroundedness, Texture

Rajesh Kumar; J. D. Sharma; Bhabatosh Chanda

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Offline count-limited certificates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we present the idea of offline count-limited certificates (or clics for short), and show how these can be implemented using minimal trusted hardware functionality already widely available today. Offline count-limited ... Keywords: authentication, offline payments, smartcards, trusted platform module (TPM)

Luis F. G. Sarmenta; Marten van Dijk; Jonathan Rhodes; Srinivas Devadas

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Maximization of Mutual Information for Offline Thai Handwriting Recognition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper aims to improve the performance of an HMM-based offline Thai handwriting recognition system through discriminative training and the use of fine-tuned feature extraction methods. The discriminative training is implemented by maximizing the ... Keywords: Character recognition, Hidden Markov Model, discriminative training, PCA, feature extraction, Thai handwriting recognition.

Roongroj Nopsuwanchai; Alain Biem; William F. Clocksin

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Commissioning the CDF offline software  

SciTech Connect

CDF II is one of the two large collider experiments at Fermilab's Tevatron. Over the past two years we have commissioned the offline computing system. A task that has involved bringing up hundreds of computers and millions of lines of C++ software. This paper reports on this experience, concentrating on the software aspects of the project. We will highlight some of the successes as well as describe some of the work still to do.

Elizabeth Sexton-Kennedy and Pasha Murat

2004-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

5

Edition web offline -Jacquelin Charbonnel Journes Mathrice, Orlans, octobre 2012 Edition web offline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Edition web offline - Jacquelin Charbonnel Journées Mathrice, Orléans, octobre 2012 Edition web offline Jacquelin Charbonnel Journées Mathrice Orléans, 9-11 octobre 2012 #12;Edition web offline - Jacquelin Charbonnel Journées Mathrice, Orléans, octobre 2012 Publier sur le web 1995 1995 $ vi myhomepage

Menichi, Luc

6

The nearby supernova factory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Nearby Supernova Factory (SNfactory) is an ambitious project to find and study in detail approximately 300 nearby Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) at redshifts 0.03 distant SNe searches. In 2002, 35 SNe were found using our test-bed pipeline for automated SN search and discovery. The pipeline uses images from the asteroid search conducted by the Near Earth Asteroid Tracking group at JPL. Improvements in our subtraction techniques and analysis have allowed us to increase our effective SN discovery rate to {approx}12 SNe/month in 2003.

Wood-Vasey, W.M.; Aldering, G.; Lee, B.C.; Loken, S.; Nugent, P.; Perlmutter, S.; Siegrist, J.; Wang, L.; Antilogus, P.; Astier, P.; Hardin, D.; Pain, R.; Copin, Y.; Smadja, G.; Gangler, E.; Castera, A.; Adam, G.; Bacon, R.; Lemonnier, J.-P.; Pecontal, A.; Pecontal, E.; Kessler, R.

2004-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

7

Offline partial evaluation for shift and reset  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an offline partial evaluator for the ?-calculus with the delimited continuation constructs shift and reset. Based on Danvy and Filinski's type system for shift and reset, we first present a type system that specifies ... Keywords: CPS transformation, binding-time analysis (BTA), continuation-passing style (CPS), delimited continuations, logical relations, offline partial evaluation

Kenichi Asai

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

The nearby supernova factory  

SciTech Connect

The Nearby Supernova Factory (SNfactory) is an ambitious project to find and study in detail approximately 300 nearby Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) at redshifts 0.03 < z < 0.08. This program will provide an exceptional data set of well-studied SNe in the nearby smooth Hubble flow that can be used as calibration for the current and future programs designed to use SNe to measure the cosmological parameters. The first key ingredient for this program is a reliable supply of Hubble-flow SNe systematically discovered in unprecedented numbers using the same techniques as those used in distant SNe searches. In 2002, 35 SNe were found using our test-bed pipeline for automated SN search and discovery. The pipeline uses images from the asteroid search conducted by the Near Earth Asteroid Tracking group at JPL. Improvements in our subtraction techniques and analysis have allowed us to increase our effective SN discovery rate to {approx}12 SNe/month in 2003.

Wood-Vasey, W.M.; Aldering, G.; Lee, B.C.; Loken, S.; Nugent, P.; Perlmutter, S.; Siegrist, J.; Wang, L.; Antilogus, P.; Astier, P.; Hardin, D.; Pain, R.; Copin, Y.; Smadja, G.; Gangler, E.; Castera, A.; Adam, G.; Bacon, R.; Lemonnier, J.-P.; Pecontal, A.; Pecontal, E.; Kessler, R.

2004-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

9

Berkeley Lab: Nearby Short-Term Accommodations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Accommodations Accommodations Visitor Information Maps and Directions to the Lab Offsite Shuttle Bus Service Bay Area Mass Transit Information Site Access Parking Permits and Gate Passes UC Berkeley Campus Map Nearby Short-Term Accommodations Guest House Berkeley Lab Guest House - The Berkeley Lab guest house is conveniently located on the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory campus and features 57 tastefully appointed guest rooms, many with spectacular views of the San Francisco bay, skyline, and City of Berkeley. The guest house is only a few minutes away from the University of California Berkeley Campus and the dynamic Berkeley community itself. It is available to visiting researchers and those conducting business with the University. The Faculty Club * U.C. Campus

10

Advertising Bans and the Substitutability of Online and Offline Advertising  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The authors examine whether the growth of the Internet has reduced the effectiveness of government regulation of advertising. They combine nonexperimental variation in local regulation of offline alcohol advertising with ...

Goldfarb, Avi

11

Including Atmospheric Layers in Vegetation and Urban Offline Surface Schemes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A formulation to include prognostic atmospheric layers in offline surface schemes is derived from atmospheric equations. Whereas multilayer schemes developed previously need a complex coupling between atmospheric-model levels and surface-scheme ...

Valry Masson; Yann Seity

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Online/Offline Signatures and Multisignatures for AODV and DSR Routing Security  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OIOS Ext : F produces an identity ID and receives corresponding secret key DID. ­ Offline Signing Query OIOS OffSign: F produces an identity ID, and receives an offline signature generated by offline signing oracle using the secret key corresponding to ID. ­ Online Singing Query OIOS OnSign: F produces a message

International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

13

A study of the arrival direction using Offline  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this work is to show the results of the analysis of a library of synthetic data corresponding to Very Inclined Showers (i.e. those with a zenith angle between 60 and 80 degrees and energies from 50 EeV to 80 EeV). Simulations were performed using the Aires software and then analyzed to narrow down the arrival angles that allow us an efficient shower reconstruction using the Offline software.

Flores, Alejandra Parra; Bravo, Oscar Martinez; Ibargueen, Humberto Salazar; Aguilar, Ibrahim Torres [Facultad de Ciencias Fisico Matematicas, BUAP. Av. San Claudio, D/C (Mexico); Nellen, Lukas [Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, UNAM (Mexico)

2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

14

Radiatively Inefficient Accretion in Nearby Galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use new central stellar velocity dispersions and nuclear X-ray and Halpha luminosities for the Palomar survey of nearby galaxies to investigate the distribution of nuclear bolometric luminosities and Eddington ratios for their central black holes (BHs). This information helps to constrain the nature of their accretion flows and the physical drivers that control the spectral diversity of nearby active galactic nuclei. The characteristic values of the bolometric luminosities and Eddington ratios, which span over 7-8 orders of magnitude, from L_bol transition objects --> LINERs --> Seyferts. The Eddington ratio also increases from early-type to late-type galaxies. We show that the very modest accretion rates inferred from the nuclear luminosities can be readily supplied through local mass loss from evolved stars and Bondi accretion of hot gas, without appealing to additional fueling mechanisms such as angular momentum transport on larger scales. Indeed, we argue that the fuel reservoir generated by local pro...

Ho, Luis C

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Low-Level Nuclear Activity in Nearby Spiral Galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We are conducting a search for supermassive black holes (SMBHs) with masses below 10^7 M_sun by looking for signs of extremely low-level nuclear activity in nearby galaxies that are not known to be AGNs. Our survey has the following characteristics: (a) X-ray selection using the Chandra X-ray Observatory, since x-rays are a ubiquitous feature of AGNs; (b) Emphasis on late-type spiral and dwarf galaxies, as the galaxies most likely to have low-mass SMBHs; (c) Use of multiwavelength data to verify the source is an AGN; and (d) Use of the highest angular resolution available for observations in x-rays and other bands, to separate nuclear from off-nuclear sources and to minimize contamination by host galaxy light. Here we show the feasibility of this technique to find AGNs by applying it to six nearby, face-on spiral galaxies (NGC 3169, NGC 3184, NGC 4102, NGC 4647, NGC 4713, NGC 5457) for which data already exist in the Chandra archive. All six show nuclear x-ray sources. The data as they exist at present are ambiguous regarding the nature of the nuclear x-ray sources in NGC 4713 and NGC 4647. We conclude, in accord with previous studies, that NGC 3169 and NGC 4102 are almost certainly AGNs. Most interestingly, a strong argument can be made that NGC 3184 and NGC 5457, both of type Scd, host AGNs.

Himel Ghosh; Smita Mathur; Fabrizio Fiore; Laura Ferrarese

2008-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

16

The Offline Software Framework of the Pierre Auger Observatory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Pierre Auger Observatory is designed to unveil the nature and the origins of the highest energy cosmic rays. The large and geographically dispersed collaboration of physicists and the wide-ranging collection of simulation and reconstruction tasks pose some special challenges for the offline analysis software. We have designed and implemented a general purpose framework which allows collaborators to contribute algorithms and sequencing instructions to build up the variety of applications they require. The framework includes machinery to manage these user codes, to organize the abundance of user-contributed configuration files, to facilitate multi-format file handling, and to provide access to event and time-dependent detector information which can reside in various data sources. A number of utilities are also provided, including a novel geometry package which allows manipulation of abstract geometrical objects independent of coordinate system choice. The framework is implemented in C++, and takes advantage...

Argiro, S; Gonzlez, J; Nellen, L; Paul, T; Porter, T A; Prado, L; Roth, M; Ulrich, R; Veberic, D

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

The Offline Software Framework of the Pierre Auger Observatory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Pierre Auger Observatory is designed to unveil the nature and the origins of the highest energy cosmic rays. The large and geographically dispersed collaboration of physicists and the wide-ranging collection of simulation and reconstruction tasks pose some special challenges for the offline analysis software. We have designed and implemented a general purpose framework which allows collaborators to contribute algorithms and sequencing instructions to build up the variety of applications they require. The framework includes machinery to manage these user codes, to organize the abundance of user-contributed configuration files, to facilitate multi-format file handling, and to provide access to event and time-dependent detector information which can reside in various data sources. A number of utilities are also provided, including a novel geometry package which allows manipulation of abstract geometrical objects independent of coordinate system choice. The framework is implemented in C++, and takes advantage...

Argiro, S; Gonzlez, J; Nellen, L; Paul, T; Porter, T A; Roth, M; Ulrich, R; Veberic, D

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Title Offline Trace Synchronization for Smartphone Energy Profiling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy profiling is a means to effectively understand the power behavior of smartphone applications. However, no tool that effectively combines portability, accuracy and automation has been proposed yet. In this thesis a new approach is proposed, which sets the basis for such a tool by solving a trace synchronization problem. TRAM (TRAce Merger) uses the event trace from a mobile device and the power trace from a measurement device. It synchronizes them offline, maps the mobile device events trace on the corresponding trace from the power measurement tool, and attributes energy consumption to smartphone functionalities. The event and power traces traces from these two systems contain timestamps based on the corresponding local clocks. Taking the aforementioned clocks inaccuracy and deviation into account, we synchronize these traces to extract useful information from their contents. We achieved energy consumption attribution to smartphone functionalities by solving this synchronization problem with milliseconds accuracy.

Ioannis Oikonomidis; Offline Trace; Synchronization Smartphone; Ioannis Oikonomidis; Msc Presentation

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

The Offline Software Framework of the Pierre Auger Observatory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Pierre Auger Observatory is designed to unveil the nature and the origins of the highest energy cosmic rays. The large and geographically dispersed collaboration of physicists and the wide-ranging collection of simulation and reconstruction tasks pose some special challenges for the offline analysis software. We have designed and implemented a general purpose framework which allows collaborators to contribute algorithms and sequencing instructions to build up the variety of applications they require. The framework includes machinery to manage these user codes, to organize the abundance of user-contributed configuration files, to facilitate multi-format file handling, and to provide access to event and time-dependent detector information which can reside in various data sources. A number of utilities are also provided, including a novel geometry package which allows manipulation of abstract geometrical objects independent of coordinate system choice. The framework is implemented in C++, and takes advantage of object oriented design and common open source tools, while keeping the user side simple enough for C++ novices to learn in a reasonable time. The distribution system incorporates unit and acceptance testing in order to support rapid development of both the core framework and contributed user code.

S. Argiro; S. L. C. Barroso; J. Gonzalez; L. Nellen; T. Paul; T. A. Porter; L. Prado Jr.; M. Roth; R. Ulrich; D. Veberic

2007-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

20

The Offline Software Framework of the Pierre Auger Observatory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Pierre Auger Observatory is designed to unveil the nature and the origins of the highest energy cosmic rays. The large and geographically dispersed collaboration of physicists and the wide-ranging collection of simulation and reconstruction tasks pose some special challenges for the offline analysis software. We have designed and implemented a general purpose framework which allows collaborators to contribute algorithms and sequencing instructions to build up the variety of applications they require. The framework includes machinery to manage these user codes, to organize the abundance of user-contributed configuration files, to facilitate multi-format file handling, and to provide access to event and time-dependent detector information which can reside in various data sources. A number of utilities are also provided, including a novel geometry package which allows manipulation of abstract geometrical objects independent of coordinate system choice. The framework is implemented in C++, and takes advantage of object oriented design and common open source tools, while keeping the user side simple enough for C++ novices to learn in a reasonable time. The distribution system incorporates unit and acceptance testing in order to support rapid development of both the core framework and contributed user code.

S. Argiro; S. L. C Barroso; J. Gonzalez; L. Nellen; T. Paul; T. A. Porter; L. Prado Jr.; M. Roth; R. Ulrich; D. Veberic

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nearby offline features" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

The offline software framework of the Pierre Auger Observatory  

SciTech Connect

The Pierre Auger Observatory is designed to unveil the nature and origin of the highest energy cosmic rays through the analysis of extensive air showers. The large and geographically dispersed collaboration of physicists and the wide-ranging collection of simulation and reconstruction tasks pose some special challenges for the offline analysis software. They have designed and implemented a general purpose framework which allows Auger collaborators to contribute algorithms and configuration instructions to build up the variety of applications they require. The framework includes machinery to manage these user codes, to organize the abundance of user-contributed configuration files, to facilitate multi-format file handling, and to provide access to event and time-dependent detector information residing in many data sources. A number of utilities are also provided, including a novel geometry package allowing manipulation of abstract geometrical objects independent of coordinate system choice. The framework is implemented in C++ and takes advantage of object oriented design and common open source tools, while keeping the user-side simple enough for C++ novices to learn in a reasonable time. The distribution system incorporates unit and acceptance testing in order to support rapid development of both the core framework and the contributed user codes.

Argiro, S.; Barroso, S.L.C.; Dagoret-Campagne, S.; Gonzalez, Javier G.; Nellen, L.; Paul, T.; Porter, T.; Prado, L., Jr.; Roth, M.; Ulrich, R.; Veberic, D.

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Off-line compatible electronic cash method and system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An off-line electronic cash system having an electronic coin, a bank B, a payee S, and a user U with an account at the bank B as well as a user password z.sub.u,i, has a method for performing an electronic cash transfer. An electronic coin is withdrawn from the bank B by the user U and an electronic record of the electronic coin is stored by the bank B. The coin is paid to the payee S by the user U. The payee S deposits the coin with the bank B. A determination is made that the coin is spent and the record of the coin is deleted by the bank B. A further deposit of the same coin after the record is deleted is determined. Additionally, a determination is made which user U originally withdrew the coin after deleting the record. To perform these operations a key pair is generated by the user, including public and secret signature keys. The public signature key along with a user password z.sub.u,i and a withdrawal amount are sent to the bank B by the user U. In response, the bank B sends a coin to the user U signed by the secret key of the bankindicating the value of the coin and the public key of the user U. The payee S transmits a challenge counter to the user U prior to receiving the coin.

Kravitz, David W. (Albuquerque, NM); Gemmell, Peter S. (Albuquerque, NM); Brickell, Ernest F. (Albuquerque, NM)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Off-line compatible electronic cash method and system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An off-line electronic cash system having an electronic coin, a bank B, a payee S, and a user U with an account at the bank B as well as a user password z{sub u,i}, has a method for performing an electronic cash transfer. An electronic coin is withdrawn from the bank B by the user U and an electronic record of the electronic coin is stored by the bank B. The coin is paid to the payee S by the user U. The payee S deposits the coin with the bank B. A determination is made that the coin is spent and the record of the coin is deleted by the bank B. A further deposit of the same coin after the record is deleted is determined. Additionally, a determination is made which user U originally withdrew the coin after deleting the record. To perform these operations a key pair is generated by the user, including public and secret signature keys. The public signature key along with a user password z{sub u,i} and a withdrawal amount are sent to the bank B by the user U. In response, the bank B sends a coin to the user U signed by the secret key of the bank indicating the value of the coin and the public key of the user U. The payee S transmits a challenge counter to the user U prior to receiving the coin. 16 figs.

Kravitz, D.W.; Gemmell, P.S.; Brickell, E.F.

1998-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

24

The GALEX Ultraviolet Atlas of Nearby Galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present images, integrated photometry, surface-brightness and color profiles for a total of 1034 nearby galaxies recently observed by the GALEX satellite in its far-ultraviolet (FUV; 1516A) and near-ultraviolet (NUV; 2267A) bands. (...) This data set has been complemented with archival optical, near-infrared, and far-infrared fluxes and colors. We find that the integrated (FUV-K) color provides robust discrimination between elliptical and spiral/irregular galaxies and also among spiral galaxies of different sub-types. Elliptical galaxies with brighter K-band luminosities (i.e. more massive) are redder in (NUV-K) color but bluer in (FUV-NUV) than less massive ellipticals. In the case of the spiral/irregular galaxies our analysis shows the presence of a relatively tight correlation between the (FUV-NUV) color and the total infrared-to-UV ratio. The correlation found between (FUV-NUV) color and K-band luminosity (with lower luminosity objects being bluer than more luminous ones) can be explained as due to an increase in the dust content with galaxy luminosity. The images in this Atlas along with the profiles and integrated properties are publicly available through a dedicated web page at http://nedwww.ipac.caltech.edu/level5/GALEX_Atlas/

A. Gil de Paz; S. Boissier; B. F. Madore; M. Seibert; Y. H. Joe; A. Boselli; T. K. Wyder; D. Thilker; L. Bianchi; S. -C. Rey; R. M. Rich; T. A. Barlow; T. Conrow; K. Forster; P. G. Friedman; D. C. Martin; P. Morrissey; S. G. Neff; D. Schiminovich; T. Small; J. Donas; T. M. Heckman; Y. -W. Lee; B. Milliard; A. S. Szalay; S. Yi

2006-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

25

Design and Validation of an Offline Oceanic Tracer Transport Model for a Carbon Cycle Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An offline passive tracer transport model with self-operating diagnostic-mode vertical mixing and horizontal diffusion parameterizations is used with assimilated ocean currents to find the chlorofluorocarbon (CFC-11) cycle in oceans. This model ...

Vinu Valsala; Shamil Maksyutov; Ikeda Motoyoshi

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Spatially Similar Practice Immediately Following Motor Sequence Learning Eliminates Offline Gains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Robust offline performance gains, beyond those that would be anticipated by being exposed to additional physical practice, have been reported during procedural learning. However, practice of unrelated procedural task performance within 4-6 hour after initial practice has been revealed to eliminate offline improvement. The present experiment assessed the relative impact of experiencing supplemental practice of a spatially or a motorically-similar procedural task immediately following practice of a target motor sequence task. Based on a contemporary model of procedural skill acquisition forwarded by Hikosaka and colleagues, we assumed exposure to a spatial compatible motor sequence rather than interfering would support rapid improvement in the production of the spatial variant of the target task without compromising important memory processes, which are conducted offline to improve delayed performance of the target task. Findings revealed the often demonstrated offline gain when the target task was performed in the absence of interfering task practice as well as the elimination of such gains when target task practice was followed with additional practice of either a novel or motorically-similar motor sequence task. While immediate performance of the spatially-similar task was facilitated by preceding target task training, offline gains for the target task no longer emerged. These data are consistent with a central premise of Hikosaka et al.s model that a spatial reference system plays an important role early during motor sequence learning but highlight the sensitivity of offline gains to task practice order.

Handa, Atul

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Discovery and Study of Nearby Habitable Planets with Mesolensing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We demonstrate that gravitational lensing can be used to discover and study planets in the habitable zones of nearby dwarf stars. If appropriate software is developed, a new generation of monitoring programs will automatically conduct a census of nearby planets in the habitable zones of dwarf stars. In addition, individual nearby dwarf stars can produce lensing events at predictable times; careful monitoring of these events can discover any planets located in the zone of habitability. Because lensing can discover planets (1) in face-on orbits, and (2) in orbit around the dimmest stars, lensing techniques will provide complementary information to that gleaned through Doppler and/or transit investigations. The ultimate result will be a comprehensive understanding of the variety of systems with conditions similar to those that gave rise to life on Earth.

Rosanne Di Stefano; Christopher Night

2008-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

28

Discovery and Study of Nearby Habitable Planets with Mesolensing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We demonstrate that gravitational lensing can be used to discover and study planets in the habitable zones of nearby dwarf stars. If appropriate software is developed, a new generation of monitoring programs will automatically conduct a census of nearby planets in the habitable zones of dwarf stars. In addition, individual nearby dwarf stars can produce lensing events at predictable times; careful monitoring of these events can discover any planets located in the zone of habitability. Because lensing can discover planets (1) in face-on orbits, and (2) in orbit around the dimmest stars, lensing techniques will provide complementary information to that gleaned through Doppler and/or transit investigations. The ultimate result will be a comprehensive understanding of the variety of systems with conditions similar to those that gave rise to life on Earth.

Di Stefano, Rosanne

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Off-line test selection with test purposes for non-deterministic timed automata  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes novel off-line test generation techniques for non-deterministic timed automata with inputs and outputs (TAIOs) in the formal framework of the tioco conformance theory. In this context, a first problem is the determinization of TAIOs, ... Keywords: approximate determinization, conformance testing, game, partial observability, test purpose, timed automata, urgency

Nathalie Bertrand; Thierry Jron; Amlie Stainer; Moez Krichen

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Numerical Investigation with a Physically Based Regional Interpolator for Off-Line Downscaling of GCMs: FIZR  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A novel approach for regional climate modeling based on an off-line downscaling of GCM simulations is described and illustrated with a one-month simulation example. The model is physically based and it requires outputs from a previous GCM ...

Stphane Goyette; J. P. Ren Laprise

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Ubira: a mobile platform for an integrated online/offline shopping experience  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recently, mobile applications focusing on barcode scanning and price comparison are gaining popularity among users. The users of these applications are drawn away from participating in the business model of the brick-and-mortar stores. Ubira is a novel ... Keywords: brick-and-mortar stores, context-aware services, online and offline shopping integration, real world shopping, retailers, service model

Udana Bandara; James Chen

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Secure Communication and Authentication Against Off-line Dictionary Attacks in Smart Grid Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Secure Communication and Authentication Against Off-line Dictionary Attacks in Smart Grid Systems This paper studies the security requirements for remote authentication and communication in smart grid to smart grid systems. For example, in order to unlock the credentials stored in tamper

Wang, Yongge

33

Inclusion of a Drag Approach in the Town Energy Balance (TEB) Scheme: Offline 1D Evaluation in a Street Canyon  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Town Energy Balance module bridges the micro- and mesoscale and simulates local-scale urban surface energy balance for use in mesoscale meteorological models. Previous offline evaluations show that this urban module is able to simulate in ...

R. Hamdi; V. Masson

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Featured Scientist  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ed Home (text) - TRC Home - sciencelines Index Featured Scientist - Leo Bellatoni A growing number of teachers who have participated in the Phriendly Physics program have...

35

A UNIVERSAL NEUTRAL GAS PROFILE FOR NEARBY DISK GALAXIES  

SciTech Connect

Based on sensitive CO measurements from HERACLES and H I data from THINGS, we show that the azimuthally averaged radial distribution of the neutral gas surface density ({Sigma}{sub HI}+ {Sigma}{sub H2}) in 33 nearby spiral galaxies exhibits a well-constrained universal exponential distribution beyond 0.2 Multiplication-Sign r{sub 25} (inside of which the scatter is large) with less than a factor of two scatter out to two optical radii r{sub 25}. Scaling the radius to r{sub 25} and the total gas surface density to the surface density at the transition radius, i.e., where {Sigma}{sub HI} and {Sigma}{sub H2} are equal, as well as removing galaxies that are interacting with their environment, yields a tightly constrained exponential fit with average scale length 0.61 {+-} 0.06 r{sub 25}. In this case, the scatter reduces to less than 40% across the optical disks (and remains below a factor of two at larger radii). We show that the tight exponential distribution of neutral gas implies that the total neutral gas mass of nearby disk galaxies depends primarily on the size of the stellar disk (influenced to some degree by the great variability of {Sigma}{sub H2} inside 0.2 Multiplication-Sign r{sub 25}). The derived prescription predicts the total gas mass in our sub-sample of 17 non-interacting disk galaxies to within a factor of two. Given the short timescale over which star formation depletes the H{sub 2} content of these galaxies and the large range of r{sub 25} in our sample, there appears to be some mechanism leading to these largely self-similar radial gas distributions in nearby disk galaxies.

Bigiel, F. [Institut fuer theoretische Astrophysik, Zentrum fuer Astronomie der Universitaet Heidelberg, Albert-Ueberle Str. 2, D-69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Blitz, L., E-mail: bigiel@uni-heidelberg.de [Department of Astronomy, Radio Astronomy Laboratory, University of California at Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)

2012-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

36

Geological isotope anomalies as signatures of nearby supernovae  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nearby supernova explosions may cause geological isotope anomalies via the direct deposition of debris or by cosmic-ray spallation in the earth's atmosphere. We estimate the mass of material deposited terrestrially by these two mechanisms, showing the dependence on the supernova distance. A number of radioactive isotopes are identified as possible diagnostic tools, such as Be-10, Al-26, Cl-36, Mn-53, Fe-60, and Ni-59, as well as the longer-lived I-129, Sm-146, and Pu-244. We discuss whether the 35 and 60 kyr-old Be-10 anomalies observed in the Vostok antarctic ice cores could be due to supernova explosions. Combining our estimates for matter deposition with results of recent nucleosynthesis yields, we calculate the expected signal from nearby supernovae using ice cores back to \\sim 300 kyr ago, and we discuss using deep ocean sediments back to several hundred Myr. In particular, we examine the prospects for identifying isotope anomalies due to the Geminga supernova explosion, and signatures of the possibility...

Ellis, Jonathan Richard; Schramm, David N; Ellis, John; Fields, Brian D; Schramm, David N

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

From Nearby to High Redshift Compact Group of Galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nearby Compact Groups of Galaxies (CGs) are very complex systems, tracing their history is a challenge (e.g. Stephan's Quintet). The presence of a diffuse X-rays emission that often peaks in the center of CGs shows that CGs are bound structures, they show numerous signs of interaction but their lifetime in much longer than their crossing times. Hickson CGs clearly show different stages of evolution, from weakly interacting galaxies to merging systems. CGs infalling into clusters may provide a mechanism to form clusters at high redshifts (e.g. in A1367). Massive versions of today's CGs may have been the best candidate precursors of fossil groups. Do CGs mimic the high redshift universe? This is still an open question. Indeed, their high density and low velocity dispersion should induce a high interaction rate and fast merging, CGs are nevertheless long-lived structures. On the other hand, there is probably no (or a few) isolated CGs in the high z universe. CGs may fuel high z clusters, they may produce fossil groups and fossil ellipticals. CGs at high z are difficult to detect and are still to be discovered. Interpretation of distant kinematics of galaxies may need nearby sample of galaxies to disentangle beam-smearing from evolutionary effects (e.g. HCG 31). Beam smearing effects may bias the Tully-Fisher relation (shifted towards lower M/L).

Philippe Amram; Chantal Balkowski; Claudia Mendes de Oliveira; Henri Plana; Benoit Epinat

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

38

PETSc: Features  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Features Features Home Download Features Component Details Diagram GPUs Theads Documentation Applications/Publications Miscellaneous External Software Developers Site PETSc is intended for use in large-scale application projects, many ongoing computational science projects are built around the PETSc libraries. PETSc is easy to use for beginners. Moreover, its careful design allows advanced users to have detailed control over the solution process. PETSc includes a large suite of parallel linear, nonlinear equation solvers and ODE integrators that are easily used in application codes written in C, C++, Fortran and now Python. PETSc provides many of the mechanisms needed within parallel application codes, such as simple parallel matrix and vector assembly routines that allow the overlap of communication and computation.

39

Feature Article  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Feature Article Feature Article * $ &RPSDULVRQ RI 6HOHFWHG (,$'DWD:LWK2WKHU'DWD 6RXUFHV A Comparison of Selected EIA-782 Data With Other Data Sources by Theresa E. Hallquist Introduction The Petroleum Marketing Division (PMD) of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) collects information re- lating to petroleum market prices and volumes on the EIA-782 survey. One way PMD assesses the quality of these data is to compare the data with other sources. Large, irreconcilable differences among data series could indicate the need for improvement in survey design or implementa- tion, or may be due to conceptual differences. For more de- tailed information on the EIA-782 survey, refer to the notes at the end of this article. PMD compares its EIA-782 series of petroleum market prices and volumes with both internal and external data sources

40

A Real-Time and Offline Quality Control Methodology for SeaSonde High-Frequency Radar Currents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A near-real-time and offline quality control methodology for SeaSonde systems is proposed. It is applied on radial current maps and is based on the determination of the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) values of the Doppler lines that contribute to the ...

Simone Cosoli; Giorgio Bolzon; Andrea Mazzoldi

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nearby offline features" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Infrared Emission from the Nearby Cool Core Cluster Abell 2597  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We observed the brightest central galaxy (BCG) in the nearby (z=0.0821) cool core galaxy cluster Abell 2597 with the IRAC and MIPS instruments on board the Spitzer Space Telescope. The BCG was clearly detected in all Spitzer bandpasses, including the 70 and 160 micron wavebands. We report aperture photometry of the BCG. The spectral energy distribution exhibits a clear excess in the FIR over a Rayleigh-Jeans stellar tail, indicating a star formation rate of ~4-5 solar masses per year, consistent with the estimates from the UV and its H-alpha luminosity. This large FIR luminosity is consistent with that of a starburst or a Luminous Infrared Galaxy (LIRG), but together with a very massive and old population of stars that dominate the energy output of the galaxy. If the dust is at one temperature, the ratio of 70 to 160 micron fluxes indicate that the dust emitting mid-IR in this source is somewhat hotter than the dust emitting mid-IR in two BCGs at higher-redshift (z~0.2-0.3) and higher FIR luminosities observed earlier by Spitzer, in clusters Abell 1835 and Zwicky 3146.

Megan Donahue; Andres Jordan; Stefi A. Baum; Patrick Cote; Laura Ferrarese; Paul Goudfrooij; Duccio Macchetto; Christopher P. O'Dea; James E. Pringle; James E. Rhoads; William B. Sparks; G. Mark Voit

2007-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

42

Could a nearby supernova explosion have caused a mass extinction?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We examine the possibility that a nearby supernova explosion could have caused one or more of the mass extinctions identified by palaeontologists. We discuss the likely rate of such events in the light of the recent identification of Geminga as a supernova remnant less than 100 pc away and the discovery of a millisecond pulsar about 150 pc away, and observations of SN 1987A. The fluxes of $\\gamma$ radiation and charged cosmic rays on the Earth are estimated, and their effects on the Earth's ozone layer discussed. A supernova explosion of the order of 10 pc away could be expected every few hundred million years, and could destroy the ozone layer for hundreds of years, letting in potentially lethal solar ultraviolet radiation. In addition to effects on land ecology, this could entail mass destruction of plankton and reef communities, with disastrous consequences for marine life as well. A supernova extinction should be distinguishable from a meteorite impact such as the one that presumably killed the dinosaurs.

John Ellis; David N. Schramm

1993-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

43

Supernova Discoveries from the Nearby Supernova Factory (SNfactory)  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

The Nearby Supernova Factory is an experiment designed to collect data on more Type Ia supernovae than have ever been studied in a single project before, and in so doing, to answer some fundamental questions about the nature of the universe. Type Ia supernovae are extraordinarily bright, remarkably uniform objects which make excellent "standard candles" for measuring the expansion rate of the universe. However, such stellar explosions are very rare, occurring only a couple of times per millenium in a typical galaxy, and remaining bright enough to detect only for a few weeks. Previous studies of Type Ia supernovae led to the discovery of the mysterious "dark energy" that is causing the universe to expand at an accelerating rate. To reduce the statistical uncertainties in previous experimental data, extensive spectral and photometric monitoring of more Type Ia supernovae is required. The SNfactory collaboration has built an automated system consisting of specialized software and custom-built hardware that systematically searches the sky for new supernovae, screens potential candidates, then performs multiple spectral and photometric observations on each supernova. These observations are stored in a database to be made available to supernova researchers world-wide for further study and analysis [copied from http://snfactory.lbl.gov/snf/snf-about.html]. Users must register and agree to the open access honor system. Finding charts are in FITS format and may not be accessible through normal browser settings.

SNfactory International Collaboration,

44

From Nearby to High Redshift Compact Group of Galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nearby Compact Groups of Galaxies (CGs) are very complex systems, tracing their history is a challenge (e.g. Stephan's Quintet). The presence of a diffuse X-rays emission that often peaks in the center of CGs shows that CGs are bound structures, they show numerous signs of interaction but their lifetime in much longer than their crossing times. Hickson CGs clearly show different stages of evolution, from weakly interacting galaxies to merging systems. CGs infalling into clusters may provide a mechanism to form clusters at high redshifts (e.g. in A1367). Massive versions of today's CGs may have been the best candidate precursors of fossil groups. Do CGs mimic the high redshift universe? This is still an open question. Indeed, their high density and low velocity dispersion should induce a high interaction rate and fast merging, CGs are nevertheless long-lived structures. On the other hand, there is probably no (or a few) isolated CGs in the high z universe. CGs may fuel high z clusters, they may produce fossil ...

Amram, P; De Oliveira, C M; Plana, H; Epinat, B; Amram, Philippe; Balkowski, Chantal; Oliveira, Claudia Mendes de; Plana, Henri; Epinat, Benoit

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Mid-Infrared Spectral Diagnostics of Nearby Galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Spitzer Space Telescope is pushing into new frontiers in high redshift astronomy. Closer to home, Spitzer is making an equally large impact on our understanding of galaxy formation and evolution. In this contribution we present mid-infrared diagnostics based largely on data from the Spitzer Infrared Nearby Galaxies Survey (SINGS). Our main result is that these mid-infrared diagnostics effectively constrain a target's dominant power source. The combination of a high ionization line index and PAH strength serves as an efficient discriminant between AGN and star-forming nuclei, confirming progress made with ISO spectroscopy on starbursting and ultraluminous infrared galaxies. The sensitivity of Spitzer allows us to probe fainter nuclei and star-forming regions within galaxy disks. We find that both star-forming nuclei and extranuclear regions stand apart from nuclei that are powered by Seyfert or LINER activity. In fact, we identify areas within three diagnostic diagrams containing >90% Seyfert/LINER nuclei or >90% HII regions/HII nuclei. We also find that, compared to starbursting nuclei, extranuclear regions typically separate even further from AGN, especially for low-metallicity extranuclear environments. In addition, instead of the traditional mid-infrared approach to differentiating between AGN and star-forming sources that utilizes relatively weak high-ionization lines, we show that strong low-ionization cooling lines of X-ray dominated regions like [SiII] 34.82 micron can alternatively be used as excellent discrimants.

Daniel A. Dale; the SINGS Team

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

ALSNews Features  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

feed-image feed-image Digg: ALSBerkeleyLab Facebook Page: 208064938929 Flickr: advancedlightsource Twitter: ALSBerkeleyLab YouTube: AdvancedLightSource Home ALSNews Features ALSNews Features Students Get a Taste of ALS User Experience Print A group of seventh graders from Black Pine Circle (BPC) school in Berkeley recently had a rare opportunity to experience the ALS as "users" via a scientific research proposal project and field trip. The students were led by science and technology teacher Christine Mytko, who spent the past summer at the ALS through the Industry Initiatives for Science and Math Education (IISME) program. Mytko's time at the ALS was focused on 3D imaging and printing techniques. An integral part of the ISME program is educators taking their experiences back to the classroom through new curriculum development. As such, Mytko put together a program that would engage her students in collaborative proposal process similar to a typical ALS user proposal. Students worked in groups to craft proposals for scanning items of interest at the tomography beamline, a selection of which were chosen through a peer-review process and then scanned at Beamline 8.3.2. ALS beamline scientist Dula Parkinson worked with Mytko to develop the program and gave feedback on the kids' proposal, which Mytko says was thrilling for her students.

47

Featured Scientist  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chuck Ankenbrandt Chuck Ankenbrandt Chuck Ankenbrandt is our featured scientist this quarter. Chuck has been a Fermilab physicist since 1973 and is a member of the Accelerator Division. He is also heavily involved in educational activities at the Lab. As the father of five children ranging in age from 33 to 8 and the stepfather of four more, Chuck has had a lot of personal educational experience, too! Chuck, thanks for taking the time to talk with us. Would you start by telling us about your current activities at Fermilab? There are three main things now. I'm Experimental Coordinator for the Accelerator Division. I'm designing a high-intensity Fermilab Booster and I'm working with the Education Office on a variety of physics-related activities. What do you do as Experimental Coordinator?

48

Special Feature:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Five Five Questions for Sudip Dosanjh Special Feature: Five Questions for Sudip Dosanjh September 27, 2013 Sudip-wide.jpg Sudip Dosanjh Sudip Dosanjh is Director of the National Energy Research Scientific Computing (NERSC) Center at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. NERSC's mission is to accelerate scientific discovery at the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science through high performance computing and extreme data analysis. NERSC deploys leading-edge computational and data resources for over 4,700 users from a broad range of disciplines. As a result of this support for science, NERSC users published 1,900 research papers in 2012. To continue its mission, NERSC will be partnering with computer companies to develop and deploy pre-exascale and exascale systems during the next

49

Ionized gas and stellar kinematics of seventeen nearby spiral galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ionized gas and stellar kinematics have been measured along the major axes of seventeen nearby spiral galaxies of intermediate to late morphological type. We discuss the properties of each sample galaxy distinguishing between those characterized by regular or peculiar kinematics. In most of the observed galaxies ionized gas rotates more rapidly than stars and have a lower velocity dispersion, as is to be expected if the gas is confined in the disc and supported by rotation while the stars are mostly supported by dynamical pressure. In a few objects, gas and stars show almost the same rotational velocity and low velocity dispersion, suggesting that their motion is dominated by rotation. Incorporating the spiral galaxies studied by Bertola et al. (1996), Corsini et al. (1999, 2003) and Vega Beltran et al. (2001) we have compiled a sample of 50 S0/a-Scd galaxies, for which the major-axis kinematics of the ionized gas and stars have been obtained with the same spatial (~1'') and spectral (~50km/s) resolution, and measured with the same analysis techniques. This allowed us to address the frequency of counterrotation in spiral galaxies. It turns out that less than 12% and less than 8% (at the 95% confidence level) of the sample galaxies host a counterrotating gaseous and stellar disc, respectively. The comparison with S0 galaxies suggests that the retrograde acquisition of small amounts of external gas gives rise to counterrotating gaseous discs only in gas-poor S0s, while in gas-rich spirals the newly acquired gas is swept away by the pre-existing gas. Counterrotating gaseous and stellar discs in spirals are formed only from the retrograde acquisition of large amounts of gas exceeding that of pre-existing gas, and subsequent star formation, respectively.

A. Pizzella; E. M. Corsini; J. C. Vega-Beltran; F. Bertola

2004-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

50

An offline unstructured biogeochemical model (UBM) for complex estuarine and coastal environments  

SciTech Connect

Due to increased pollutant loads and water use from coastal development and population growth, occurrences of low-dissolved oxygen and "hypoxic zones" have increased. Reports of fish kills and water quality impairment are also becoming more frequent in many coastal waters. Water quality managers and regulatory agencies rely on numerical modeling tools to quantify the relative contributions of anthropogenic and "natural" pollutant loads (nutrients and biochemical oxygen demand) on dissolved oxygen levels and use the results for remedial activities and source control. The ability to conduct seasonlong simulations with sufficient nearshore resolution is therefore a key requirement. Mesh flexibility and the ability to increase site specific resolution without disturbing the larger domain setup and calibration are critical. The objective of this effort was to develop a robust biogeochemical model suitable for simulation of water quality dynamics including dissolved oxygen in complex coastal environments with multiple tidal channels, tidal flats, and density-driven circulation using unstructured-grid formulation. This paper presents an offline unstructured biogeochemical model that uses the Finite Volume Coastal Ocean Model (FVCOM) discretization of the study domain and the corresponding hydrodynamic solution to drive biogeochemical kinetics based on a water quality model CE-QUAL-ICM. In this paper, the linkage between selected hydrodynamic and water quality models is subjected to several scalar transport and biogeochemical module tests (plume transport and dilution, BOD/DO sag, and phytoplankton/nutrients reaction), and results are compared to their analytical solutions as part of model validation. A preliminary application of the biogeochemical model with a year-long simulation of Hood Canal basin in Puget Sound, USA, is presented as an example and a test of the tool in a real estuary setting. The model reproduced the dynamics and seasonal variations in the biogeochemical state variables and was used to test short-term wind-driven dynamics that could influence dissolved oxygen concentrations in Hood Canal.

Kim, Tae Yun; Khangaonkar, Tarang

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Imaging Polarimetry of Nearby Molecular Ramaprakash A. N., Tandon S. N. and Gupta R.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Imaging Polarimetry of Nearby Molecular Clouds Ramaprakash A. N., Tandon S. N. and Gupta R. Inter samples (Sen & Tandon 1994). With the introduction of the imaging methods in polarimetry the situation the instrument can be employed to study the local ISM. #12; 2 Ramaprakash A. N., Tandon S. N. and Gupta R. 2

Ramaprakash, A. N.

52

Erosion damage of nearby plasma-facing components during a disruption on the divertor plate  

SciTech Connect

Intense energy flow from the disrupting plasma during, a thermal quench will cause a sudden vapor cloud to form above the exposed divertor area. The vapor-cloud layer has been proved to significantly reduce the subsequent energy flux of plasma particles to the original disruption location. However, most of the incoming plasma energy is quickly converted to intense photon radiation emitted by heating of the vapor cloud. This radiation energy can cause serious erosion damage of nearby components not directly exposed to the disrupting, plasma. The extent of this ``secondary damage`` will depend on the divertor design, disrupting plasma parameters, and design of nearby components. The secondary erosion damage of these components due to intense radiation can exceed that of the original disruption location.

Hassanein, A. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Konkashbaev, I. [Troitsk Inst. for Innovation and Fusion Research (Russian Federation)

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Probing the Magnetic Fields of Nearby Spiral Galaxies at Low Frequencies with LOFAR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

While the Low Frequency Array (LOFAR) is still in its commissioning phase, early science results are starting to emerge. Two nearby galaxies, M51 and NGC4631, have been observed as part of the Magnetism Key Science Project's (MKSP) effort to increase our understanding of the nature of weak magnetic fields in galaxies. LOFAR and the complexity of its calibration as well as the aims and goals of the MKSP are presented.

Mulcahy, D D; Adebahr, B; Anderson, J; Beck, R; Bell, M R; Chyzy, K; Giessuebel, R; Heald, G; Horneffer, A; Jurusik, W; Pizzo, R; Scaife, A; Sotomayor-Beltran, C; Nikiel-Wroczynski, B

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Bayesian analysis to identify very low-mass members of nearby young stellar kinematic groups  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe our all-sky survey for >M4 candidate members to nearby, young associations from the 2MASS and WISE catalogs using bayesian inference. We report the first results, including 38 highly probable candidates showing spectroscopic signs of low-gravity (and thus youth). The latest of these objects would correspond to a 11 - 13 MJup object, around the limit of the planetary regime.

Gagn, Jonathan; Doyon, Ren; Malo, Lison; Faherty, Jacqueline; Artigau, tienne

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

The Prediction of Nearshore Wind-induced Surface Currents from Wind Velocities Measured at Nearby Land Stations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper aims to find a fast and efficient way to predict the wind-induced components of surface currents in a nearshore coastal area of several hundred square kilometers from wind velocities measured at nearby land stations. Ocean Surface ...

Betty Ng

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

TRACING COLD H I GAS IN NEARBY, LOW-MASS GALAXIES  

SciTech Connect

We analyze line-of-sight atomic hydrogen (H I) line profiles of 31 nearby, low-mass galaxies selected from the Very Large Array-ACS Nearby Galaxy Survey Treasury (VLA-ANGST) and The H I Nearby Galaxy Survey (THINGS) to trace regions containing cold (T {approx}< 1400 K) H I from observations with a uniform linear scale of 200 pc beam{sup -1}. Our galaxy sample spans four orders of magnitude in total H I mass and nine magnitudes in M{sub B} . We fit single and multiple component functions to each spectrum to isolate the cold, neutral medium given by a low-dispersion (<6 km s{sup -1}) component of the spectrum. Most H I spectra are adequately fit by a single Gaussian with a dispersion of 8-12 km s{sup -1}. Cold H I is found in 23 of 27 ({approx}85%) galaxies after a reduction of the sample size due to quality-control cuts. The cold H I contributes {approx}20% of the total line-of-sight flux when found with warm H I. Spectra best fit by a single Gaussian, but dominated by cold H I emission (i.e., have velocity dispersions of <6 km s{sup -1}), are found primarily beyond the optical radius of the host galaxy. The cold H I is typically found in localized regions and is generally not coincident with the very highest surface density peaks of the global H I distribution (which are usually areas of recent star formation). We find a lower limit for the mass fraction of cold-to-total H I gas of only a few percent in each galaxy.

Warren, Steven R.; Skillman, Evan D. [Minnesota Institute for Astrophysics, University of Minnesota, 116 Church Street SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (United States); Stilp, Adrienne M.; Dalcanton, Julianne J. [Department of Astronomy, Box 351580, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States); Ott, Juergen [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 520 Edgemont Road, Charlottesville, VA 22903 (United States); Walter, Fabian [Max Planck Institut fuer Astronomie, Koenigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Petersen, Eric A. [Department of Physics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1110 West Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801 (United States); Koribalski, Baerbel [Australia Telescope National Facility, CSIRO Astronomy and Space Science, P.O. Box 76, Epping NSW 1710 (Australia); West, Andrew A., E-mail: warren@astro.umn.edu, E-mail: skillman@astro.umn.edu, E-mail: adrienne@astro.washington.edu, E-mail: jd@astro.washington.edu, E-mail: jott@nrao.edu, E-mail: walter@mpia.de, E-mail: eapeter2@illinois.edu, E-mail: Baerbel.Koribalski@csiro.au, E-mail: aawest@bu.edu [Department of Astronomy, Boston University, 725 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, MA 02215 (United States)

2012-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

57

Mining the SDSS archive. I. Photometric redshifts in the nearby universe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a supervised neural network approach to the determination of photometric redshifts. The method was tuned to match the characteristics of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey and it exploits the spectroscopic redshifts provided by this unique survey. In order to train, validate and test the networks we used two galaxy samples drawn from the SDSS spectroscopic dataset: the general galaxy sample (GG) and the luminous red galaxies subsample (LRG). The method consists of a two steps approach. In the first step, objects are classified in nearby (ztrained on objects belonging to the two redshift ranges. Using a standard MLP operated in a Bayesian framework, the optimal architectures were found to require 1 hidden layer of 24 (24) and 24 (25) neurons for the GG (LRG) sample. The presence of systematic deviations was then corrected by interpolating the resulting redshifts. The final results on the GG dataset give a robust sigma_z = 0.0208 over the redshift range [0.01, 0.48] and sigma_z = 0.0197 and sigma_z = 0.0238 for the nearby and distant samples respectively. For the LRG subsample we find a robust sigma_z = 0.0164 over the whole range, and sigma_z = 0.0160, sigma_z = 0.0183 for the nearby and distant samples respectively. After training, the networks have been applied to all objects in the SDSS Table GALAXY matching the same selection criteria adopted to build the base of knowledge, and photometric redshifts for ca. 30 million galaxies having z<0.5 were derived. A catalogue containing photometric redshifts for the LRG subsample was also produced.

D'Abrusco Raffaele; Staiano Antonino; Longo Giuseppe; Brescia Massimo; Paolillo Maurizio; De Filippis Elisabetta; Tagliaferri Roberto

2007-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

58

PETSc: Features: Thread support  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thread support Home Download Features Component Details Diagram GPUs Threads Documentation ApplicationsPublications Miscellaneous External Software Developers Site PETSc algebraic...

59

Ionized gas velocity dispersion in nearby dwarf galaxies: looking at supersonic turbulent motions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the results of ionized gas turbulent motions study in several nearby dwarf galaxies using a scanning Fabry-Perot interferometer with the 6-m telescope of the SAO RAS. Combining the `intensity-velocity dispersion' diagrams (I-sigma) with two-dimensional maps of radial velocity dispersion we found a number of common patterns pointing to the relation between the value of chaotic ionized gas motions and processes of current star formation. In five out of the seven analysed galaxies we identified expanding shells of ionized gas with diameters of 80-350 pc and kinematic ages of 1-4 Myr. We also demonstrate that the I-sigma diagrams may be useful for the search of supernova remnants, other small expanding shells or unique stars in nearby galaxies. As an example, a candidate luminous blue variable (LBV) was found in UGC 8508. We propose some additions to the interpretation, previously used by Munoz-Tunon et al. to explain the I-sigma diagrams for giant star formation regions. In the case of dwarf galaxies,...

Moiseev, Alexei

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

CONTINUUM HALOS IN NEARBY GALAXIES: AN EVLA SURVEY (CHANG-ES). II. FIRST RESULTS ON NGC 4631  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the first results from the Continuum Halos in Nearby Galaxies-an EVLA Survey (CHANG-ES), a new survey of 35 edge-on galaxies to search for both in-disk and extraplanar radio continuum emission. CHANG-ES is exploiting the new wide-band, multi-channel capabilities of the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (i.e., the Expanded Very Large Array or EVLA) with observations in two bands centered at 1.5 and 6 GHz in a variety of array configurations with full polarization. The motivation and science case for the survey are presented in a companion paper (Paper I). These first results are based on C-array test observations in both observing bands of the well-known radio halo galaxy, NGC 4631. In this paper, we outline the observations and the data reduction steps that are required for wide-band calibration and mapping of EVLA data, including polarization. With modest on-source observing times (30 minutes at 1.5 GHz and 75 minutes at 6 GHz for the test data), we have achieved best rms noise levels of 22 and 3.5 {mu}Jy beam{sup -1} at 1.5 GHz and 6 GHz, respectively. New disk-halo features have been detected, among them two at 1.5 GHz that appear as loops in projection. We present the first 1.5 GHz spectral index map of NGC 4631 to be formed from a single wide-band observation in a single array configuration. This map represents tangent slopes to the intensities within the band centered at 1.5 GHz, rather than fits across widely separated frequencies as has been done in the past and is also the highest spatial resolution spectral index map yet presented for this galaxy. The average spectral index in the disk is {alpha}-bar{sub 1.5GHz} = -0.84 {+-} 0.05 indicating that the emission is largely non-thermal, but a small global thermal contribution is sufficient to explain a positive curvature term in the spectral index over the band. Two specific star-forming regions have spectral indices that are consistent with thermal emission. Polarization results (uncorrected for internal Faraday rotation) are consistent with previous observations and also reveal some new features. On broad scales, we find strong support for the notion that magnetic fields constrain the X-ray-emitting hot gas.

Irwin, Judith; Henriksen, Richard N. [Department of Physics, Engineering Physics and Astronomy, Queen's University, Kingston, ON K7L 3N6 (Canada); Beck, Rainer; Krause, Marita; Mora, Silvia Carolina; Schmidt, Philip [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Radioastronomie, Auf dem Huegel 69, 53121, Bonn (Germany); Benjamin, R. A. [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin at Whitewater, 800 West Main St., Whitewater, WI 53190 (United States); Dettmar, Ralf-Juergen; Miskolczi, Arpad [Astronomisches Institut, Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum, 44780 Bochum (Germany); English, Jayanne [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3T 2N2 (Canada); Heald, George; Oosterloo, Tom [Netherlands Institute for Radio Astronomy (ASTRON), Postbus 2, 7990 AA, Dwingeloo (Netherlands); Johnson, Megan [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, P.O. Box 2, Greenbank, WV 24944 (United States); Li, Jiang-Tao [Department of Astronomy, University of Massachusetts, 710 North Pleasant St., Amherst, MA 01003 (United States); Murphy, E. J. [Observatories of the Carnegie Institution for Science, 813 Santa Barbara Street, Pasadena, CA 91101 (United States); Porter, Troy A. [Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory, Stanford University, 452 Lomita Mall, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States); Rand, Richard J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of New Mexico, 800 Yale Boulevard, NE, Albuquerque, NM 87131 (United States); Saikia, D. J. [National Centre for Radio Astrophysics, TIFR, Pune University Campus, Post Bag 3, Pune 411 007 (India); Strong, A. W. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer extraterrestrische Physik, Garching bei Muenchen (Germany); Walterbos, Rene, E-mail: irwin@astro.queensu.ca, E-mail: henriksn@astro.queensu.ca, E-mail: twiegert@astro.queensu.ca, E-mail: rbeck@mpifr-bonn.mpg.de, E-mail: mkrause@mpifr-bonn.mpg.de, E-mail: cmora@mpifr-bonn.mpg.de [Department of Astronomy, New Mexico State University, P.O. Box 30001, MSC 4500, Las Cruces, NM 88003 (United States); and others

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nearby offline features" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

NREL: NEWS - Features  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bookmark and Share Printable Version Bookmark and Share Printable Version Feature News The following feature stories take an in-depth, behind-the-scenes look at how NREL is advancing energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies. You may subscribe to receive weekly news features by e-mail or via RSS feed. NREL Features RSS Feed (XML) 2013 December 2013 New Test Facility to Improve Wind Turbines New Test Facility to Improve Wind Turbines Five-megawatt dynamometer will accelerate the development of next-generation wind energy technologies. Bright Ideas Chase Investor Dollars at Forum Bright Ideas Chase Investor Dollars at Forum Annual Industry Growth Forum sponsored by NREL is where green technology seeks greenbacks. NREL Takes Efficiency to the Great Outdoors NREL Takes Efficiency to the Great Outdoors

62

THE CONTRIBUTION OF TP-AGB STARS TO THE MID-INFRARED COLORS OF NEARBY GALAXIES  

SciTech Connect

We study the mid-infrared color space of 30 galaxies from the Spitzer Infrared Nearby Galaxies Survey (SINGS) survey for which Sloan Digital Sky Survey data are also available. We construct two-color maps for each galaxy and compare them to results obtained from combining Maraston evolutionary synthesis models, galactic thermally pulsating asymptotic giant branch (TP-AGB) colors, and smooth star formation histories. For most of the SINGS sample, the spatially extended mid-IR emission seen by Spitzer in normal galaxies is consistent with our simple model in which circumstellar dust from TP-AGB stars dominates at 8 and 24 {mu}m. There is a handful of exceptions that we identify as galaxies that have high star formation rates presumably with star formation histories that cannot be assumed to be smooth, or anemic galaxies, which were depleted of their H I at some point during their evolution and have very low ongoing star formation rates.

Chisari, Nora E. [Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, 4 Ivy Lane, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States); Kelson, Daniel D., E-mail: nchisari@astro.princeton.edu [Observatories of the Carnegie Institution of Science, 813 Santa Barbara St., Pasadena, CA 91101 (United States)

2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

63

Chlorine and Sulfur in Nearby Planetary Nebulae and H II Regions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive the chlorine abundances in a sample of nearby planetary nebulae (PNe) and H II regions that have some of the best available spectra. We use a nearly homogeneous procedure to derive the abundance in each object and find that the Cl/H abundance ratio shows similar values in H II regions and PNe. This supports our previous interpretation that the underabundance we found for oxygen in the H II regions is due to the depletion of their oxygen atoms into organic refractory dust components. For other elements, the bias introduced by ionization correction factors in their derived abundances can be very important, as we illustrate here for sulfur using photoionization models. Even for low-ionization PNe, the derived sulfur abundances can be lower than the real ones by up to 0.3 dex, and the differences found with the abundances derived for H II regions that have similar S/H can reach 0.4 dex.

Rodrguez, Mnica

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Mining the SDSS archive. I. Photometric redshifts in the nearby universe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a supervised neural network approach to the determination of photometric redshifts. The method was tuned to match the characteristics of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey and it exploits the spectroscopic redshifts provided by this unique survey. In order to train, validate and test the networks we used two galaxy samples drawn from the SDSS spectroscopic dataset: the general galaxy sample (GG) and the luminous red galaxies subsample (LRG). The method consists of a two steps approach. In the first step, objects are classified in nearby (ztrained on objects belonging to the two redshift ranges. Using a standard MLP operated in a Bayesian framework, the optimal architectures were found to require 1 hidden layer of 24 (24) and 24 (25) neurons for the GG (LRG) sample. The presence of systematic deviations was then corrected by interpolating the resulting redshifts. The final results on the GG dataset give a r...

Raffaele, D A; Giuseppe, L; Massimo, B; Maurizio, P; Elisabetta, D F; Roberto, T; Antonino, Staiano; Giuseppe, Longo; Massimo, Brescia; Maurizio, Paolillo; Elisabetta, De Filippis; Roberto, Tagliaferri

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Correlation of the highest energy cosmic rays with nearby extragalactic objects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using data collected at the Pierre Auger Observatory during the past 3.7 years, we demonstrated a correlation between the arrival directions of cosmic rays with energy above ~ 6x10^{19} electron volts and the positions of active galactic nuclei (AGN) lying within ~ 75 megaparsecs. We rejected the hypothesis of an isotropic distribution of these cosmic rays with at least a 99% confidence level from a prescribed a priori test. The correlation we observed is compatible with the hypothesis that the highest energy particles originate from nearby extragalactic sources whose flux has not been substantially reduced by interaction with the cosmic background radiation. AGN or objects having a similar spatial distribution are possible sources.

The Pierre Auger Collaboration

2007-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

66

AGE DETERMINATION FOR 346 NEARBY STARS IN THE HERSCHEL DEBRIS SURVEY  

SciTech Connect

DEBRIS is a flux-limited survey of nearby stars (spectral types A-M) for evidence of debris disks with the Herschel Space Observatory. One goal of the survey is to determine disk incidence as a function of various stellar parameters. Understanding debris disk evolution depends on knowledge of the precise age of stars around which these debris disks are found. However, finding ages for field stars is notoriously difficult. Furthermore, in an unbiased sample like DEBRIS, one is working with stars across many spectral types. This requires a multi-method approach to age determination. In this paper, we outline several methods of age determination broken down by spectral type, including some strengths and limitations of each method. In total, we were able to calculate ages for 263 of 274 F-, G-, and K-type stars, and all 83 A-type stars in the DEBRIS sample.

Vican, Laura, E-mail: lvican@astro.ucla.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

67

An Unbiased Survey of 500 Nearby Stars for Debris Disks: A JCMT Legacy Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the scientific motivation and observing plan for an upcoming detection survey for debris disks using the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope. The SCUBA-2 Unbiased Nearby Stars (SUNS) Survey will observe 500 nearby main sequence and sub-giant stars (100 of each of the A, F, G, K and M spectral classes) to the 850 micron extragalactic confusion limit to search for evidence of submillimeter excess, an indication of circumstellar material. The survey distance boundaries are 8.6, 16.5, 22, 25 and 45 pc for M, K, G, F and A stars, respectively, and all targets lie between the declinations of -40 deg to 80 deg. In this survey, no star will be rejected based on its inherent properties: binarity, presence of planetary companions, spectral type or age. This will be the first unbiased survey for debris disks since IRAS. We expect to detect ~125 debris disks, including ~50 cold disks not detectable in current shorter wavelength surveys. A substantial amount of complementary data will be required to constrain the temperatures and masses of discovered disks. High resolution studies will likely be required to resolve many of the disks. Therefore, these systems will be the focus of future observational studies using a variety of observatories to characterize their physical properties. For non-detected systems, this survey will set constraints (upper limits) on the amount of circumstellar dust, of typically 200 times the Kuiper Belt mass, but as low as 10 times the Kuiper Belt mass for the nearest stars in the sample (approximately 2 pc).

B. C. Matthews; J. S. Greaves; W. S. Holland; M. C. Wyatt; M. J. Barlow; P. Bastien; C. A. Beichman; A. Biggs; H. M. Butner; W. R. F. Dent; J. Di Francesco; C. Dominik; L. Fissel; P. Friberg; A. G. Gibb; M. Halpern; R. J. Ivison; R. Jayawardhana; T. Jenness; D. Johnstone; JJ Kavelaars; J. L. Marshall; N. Phillips; G. Schieven; I. A. G. Snellen; H. J. Walker; D. Ward-Thompson; B. Weferling; G. J. White; J. Yates; M. Zhu

2007-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

68

Feature Stories | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

News Releases News Releases Features 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 Story Tips Audio Spots Honors and Awards Videos ORNL Review Magazine ORNL Reporter DOE Pulse Media Contacts Media Mentions RSS Feeds News Home | ORNL | News | Features Features ORNL's Office of Communications works with national, regional, and local media outlets on news stories about the laboratory. For more information on ORNL and its research and development activities, please refer to one of our Media Contacts. If you have a general media-related question or comment, you can send it to news@ornl.gov. 1-25 of 25 Results Comprehensive phonon "map" offers direction for engineering new thermoelectric devices January 08, 2014 - If you've ever been stuck in traffic on a hot, sunny afternoon, you might have noticed the rippling effect caused by the release

69

Environment Feature Stories  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Environment Feature Stories Environment Feature Stories /community-environment/_assets/images/icon_earthday.jpg Environment Feature Stories Our environmental stewardship commitment: we will clean up the past, minimize impacts for current environmental operations, and create a sustainable future. Piñon trees show increased susceptibility to drought when also subjected to rising temperatures. Rising global temperatures accelerate drought-induced forest mortality Many southwestern forests in the United States will disappear or be heavily altered by 2050, according to a series of joint LANL-UNM studies. - 7/10/13 Haze of smoke emanating from the 2011 Las Conchas, NM fire. Wildfires may contribute more to global warming than previously predicted They suggest that fire emissions could contribute a lot more to the

70

Summer Feature | .EDUconnections  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Summer Feature Summer Feature U.S. DOE Office of Science Workforce Development for Teachers & Scientists WDTS plays a distinctive role in inspiring, engaging, and training the next generation of scientists, mathematicians, engineers, and technologists, in the science and technology mission of DOE. Albert Einstein Distinguished Educator Fellowship provides fellowships for elementary and secondary school mathematics and science teachers Brochure Graduate Student Awards for the Lindau Meeting of Nobel Laureates provides opportunity for U.S. doctoral students to travel to Lindau to participate in discussions with the Nobel Laureates 2011 Participants Community College Institute of Science and Technology (CCI) provides paid internships in science and engineering and technology

71

ACR-1000 Passive Features  

SciTech Connect

The Advanced CANDU Reactor{sup TM} (ACR{sup TM}) is a Generation III+ pressure tube type reactor using light water coolant and heavy water moderator. The ACR-1000 reactor design is an evolutionary extension of the proven CANDU reactor design. The ACR-1000 incorporates multiple and diverse passive systems for accident mitigation. Where necessary, one or more features that are passive in nature have been included for mitigation of any postulated accident event. This paper describes how the use of passive design elements complements active features enhances reliability and improves safety margins. (authors)

Lekakh, Boris; Hau, Ken; Ford, Steven [Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd. (Canada)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

A Census of Broad-Line Active Galactic Nuclei in Nearby Galaxies: Coeval Star Formation and Rapid Black Hole Growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the first quantified, statistical map of broad-line active galactic nucleus (AGN) frequency with host galaxy color and stellar mass in nearby (0.01 nuclear activity also efficiently form stars. The data favor processes that simultaneously fuel both star formation activity and rapid superm...

Trump, Jonathan R; Fang, Jerome J; Faber, S M; Koo, David C; Kocevski, Dale D

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

News and Features  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

News and Features: News and Features: Oak Ridge Labor-Management Prayer Breakfast donates $6,000 to Steps House, Inc. The 16th annual Oak Ridge area prayer breakfast was held on December 5, 2014, at the Cokesbury Center on Kingston Pike in Knoxville. The event drew over 400 people who contributed $3,522 to the Steps House after hearing Patrick W. White, Founder and Chief Operating Officer speak about the history of the effort to help men who are in desperation and cannot obtain help elsewhere. From two houses to now 28 half-way type houses for these veterans and others who are at the bottom of their lives through drug and alcohol abuse or other similar difficulties, White told his compelling life story. The speaker donated his honorarium and the committee added sufficient

74

Fermilab | Recovery Act | Features  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Features - Archive Features - Archive photo Industrial Building 3 addition Fermilab Today-November 5, 2010 IB3 addition nears completion The future site of Fermilab’s new materials laboratory space has evolved from a steel outline to a fully enclosed building over the past five months. Read full column photo Fermilab Today-October 22, 2010 Recovery Act gives LBNE team chance to grow Thanks to funding from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, the collaboration for the Long-Baseline Neutrino Experiment, LBNE, has expanded its project team. Read full column photo cooling units Fermilab Today-October 15, 2010 Local company completes FCC roof construction A local construction company recently completed work on the roof of the Feynman Computing Center, an important step in an ongoing project funded by

75

SPATIALLY RESOLVED SPECTROSCOPIC STAR FORMATION HISTORIES OF NEARBY DISKS: HINTS OF STELLAR MIGRATION  

SciTech Connect

We use the Mitchell Spectrograph (formerly VIRUS-P) to observe 12 nearby disk galaxies. We successfully measure ages in the outer disk in six systems. In three cases (NGC 2684, NGC 6155, and NGC 7437), we find that a downward break in the disk surface brightness profile corresponds with a change in the dominant stellar population with the interior being dominated by active star formation and the exterior having older stellar populations that are best fit with star formation histories that decline with time. The observed increase in average stellar ages beyond a profile break is similar to theoretical models that predict surface brightness breaks are caused by stellar migration, with the outer disk being populated from scattered old interior stars. In three more cases (IC 1132, NGC 4904, and NGC 6691), we find no significant change in the stellar population as one crosses the break radius. In these galaxies, both the inner and outer disks are dominated by active star formation and younger stellar populations. While radial migration can contribute to the stellar populations beyond the break, it appears that more than one mechanism is required to explain all of our observed stellar profile breaks.

Yoachim, Peter [Department of Astronomy, University of Washington, Box 351580, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States); Roskar, Rok [Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Zuerich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH-8057 Zuerich (Switzerland); Debattista, Victor P., E-mail: yoachim@u.washington.edu [Jeremiah Horrocks Institute, University of Central Lancashire, Preston PR1 2HE (United Kingdom)

2012-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

76

Discretization error estimation and exact solution generation using the method of nearby problems.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Method of Nearby Problems (MNP), a form of defect correction, is examined as a method for generating exact solutions to partial differential equations and as a discretization error estimator. For generating exact solutions, four-dimensional spline fitting procedures were developed and implemented into a MATLAB code for generating spline fits on structured domains with arbitrary levels of continuity between spline zones. For discretization error estimation, MNP/defect correction only requires a single additional numerical solution on the same grid (as compared to Richardson extrapolation which requires additional numerical solutions on systematically-refined grids). When used for error estimation, it was found that continuity between spline zones was not required. A number of cases were examined including 1D and 2D Burgers equation, the 2D compressible Euler equations, and the 2D incompressible Navier-Stokes equations. The discretization error estimation results compared favorably to Richardson extrapolation and had the advantage of only requiring a single grid to be generated.

Sinclair, Andrew J. (Auburn University Auburn, AL); Raju, Anil (Auburn University Auburn, AL); Kurzen, Matthew J. (Virginia Tech Blacksburg, VA); Roy, Christopher John (Virginia Tech Blacksburg, VA); Phillips, Tyrone S. (Virginia Tech Blacksburg, VA)

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

The Sandia Hand Features  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sandia Hand Sandia Hand Features  Low Cost: using 3D high-resolution rapid prototyping technologies for low volumes, ensuring each component is amenable to injection molding for high volumes, and designing around components found in large consumer markets has enabled significant cost reductions  Dexterous: designed with four 3 Degree of Freedom (DOF) fingers to enable dexterous tasks such as finger gating while still maintaining form closure  Modular: a hand frame with identical finger modules that attach through magnetic attachment with electrical power and communications achieved through spring contacts. Power to each finger socket is actively controlled, permitting hot swapping of finger modules. Benefits

78

A CORRELATION BETWEEN SURFACE DENSITIES OF YOUNG STELLAR OBJECTS AND GAS IN EIGHT NEARBY MOLECULAR CLOUDS  

SciTech Connect

We report the discovery and characterization of a power-law correlation between the local surface densities of Spitzer-identified, dusty young stellar objects (YSOs) and the column density of gas (as traced by near-IR extinction) in eight molecular clouds within 1 kpc and with 100 or more known YSOs. This correlation, which appears in data smoothed over size scales of {approx}1 pc, varies in quality from cloud to cloud; those clouds with tight correlations, MonR2 and Ophiuchus, are fit with power laws of slope 2.67 and 1.87, respectively. The spread in the correlation is attributed primarily to local gas disruption by stars that formed there or to the presence of very young subregions at the onset of star formation. We explore the ratio of the number of Class II to Class I sources, a proxy for the star formation age of a region, as a function of gas column density; this analysis reveals a declining Class II to Class I ratio with increasing column density. We show that the observed star-gas correlation is consistent with a star formation law where the star formation rate per area varies with the gas column density squared. We also propose a simple picture of thermal fragmentation of dense gas in an isothermal, self-gravitating layer as an explanation for the power law. Finally, we briefly compare the star-gas correlation and its implied star formation law with other recent proposed of star formation laws at similar and larger size scales from nearby star-forming regions.

Gutermuth, R. A. [Five College Astronomy Department, Smith College, Northampton, MA 01063 (United States); Pipher, J. L. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY (United States); Megeath, S. T.; Allen, T. S. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Toledo, Toledo, OH (United States); Myers, P. C. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA (United States); Allen, L. E. [National Optical Astronomy Observatories, Tucson, AZ (United States)

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

A SUPER-EARTH ORBITING THE NEARBY SUN-LIKE STAR HD 1461  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present precision radial velocity (RV) data that reveal a Super-Earth mass planet and two probable additional planets orbiting the bright nearby G0V star HD 1461. Our 12.8 years of Keck High Resolution Echelle Spectrometer precision RVs indicate the presence of a 7.4 M{sub +} planet on a 5.77 day orbit. The data also suggest, but cannot yet confirm, the presence of outer planets on low-eccentricity orbits with periods of 446.1 and 5017 days, and projected masses (Msin i) of 27.9 and 87.1 M{sub +}, respectively. Test integrations of systems consistent with the RV data suggest that the configuration is dynamically stable. We present a 12.2 year time series of photometric observations of HD 1461, which comprise 799 individual measurements, and indicate that it has excellent long-term photometric stability. However, there are small amplitude variations with periods comparable to those of the suspected second and third signals in the RVs near 5000 and 446 days, thus casting some suspicion on those periodicities as Keplerian signals. If the 5.77 day companion has a Neptune-like composition, then its expected transit depth is of order dapprox0.5 mmag. The geometric a priori probability of transits is approx8%. Phase folding of the ground-based photometry shows no indication that transits of the 5.77 day companion are occurring, but high-precision follow-up of HD 1461 during upcoming transit phase windows will be required to definitively rule out or confirm transits. This new system joins a growing list of solar-type stars in the immediate galactic neighborhood that are accompanied by at least one Neptune (or lower) mass planets having orbital periods of 50 days or less.

Rivera, Eugenio J.; Vogt, Steven S.; Laughlin, Gregory; Meschiari, Stefano [UCO/Lick Observatory, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Butler, R. Paul [Department of Terrestrial Magnetism, Carnegie Institution of Washington, 5241 Broad Branch Road, NW, Washington, DC 20015-1305 (United States); Henry, Gregory W. [Center of Excellence in Information Systems, Tennessee State University, Nashville, TN 37209 (United States)

2010-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

80

Free-field ground motions for the nonproliferation experiment: Preliminary comparisons with nearby nuclear events  

SciTech Connect

Since 1987, we have installed fixed arrays of tri-axial accelerometers in the fire-field near the shot horizons for low-yield ({le} 20 kt) nuclear events in the N-tunnel complex beneath Rainier Mesa. For the Nonproliferation Experiment (NPE) we augmented the array to achieve 23 free-field stations. Goals are: (a) to examine robustness and stability of various free-field source function estimates -- e.g., reduced displacement potentials (RDP) and spectra; (b) to compare close-in with regional estimates to test whether detailed close-in free-field and/or surface ground motion data can improve predictability of regional-teleseismic source functions; (c) to provide experimental data for checking two-dimensional numerical simulations. We report preliminary comparisons between experimental free-field data for NPE (1993) and three nearby nuclear events (MISTY ECHO, 1988; MINERAL QUARRY, 1990; HUNTERS TROPHY, 1992). All four working points are within 1 km of each other in the same wet tuff bed, thus reducing concerns about possible large differences in material properties between widely separated shots. Initial comparison of acceleration and velocity seismograms for the four events reveals: (1) There is a large departure from the spherical symmetry commonly assumed in analytic treatments of source theory; both vertical and tangential components are surprisingly large. (2) All shots show similar first-peak particle-velocity amplitude decay rates suggesting significant attenuation even in the supposedly purely elastic region. (3) Sharp (>20 Hz) arrivals are not observed at tunnel level from near-surface pP reflections or spall-closure sources -- but broadened peaks are seen that suggest more diffuse reflected energy from the surface and from the Paleozoic limestone basement below tunnel level.

Olsen, K.H.; Peratt, A.L.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nearby offline features" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Mid-Infrared Spectral Diagnostics of Nuclear and Extra-Nuclear Regions in Nearby Galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mid-infrared diagnostics are presented for a large portion of the Spitzer Infrared Nearby Galaxies Survey (SINGS) sample plus archival data from the Infrared Space Observatory and the Spitzer Space Telescope. Our main result is that these mid-infrared diagnostics effectively constrain a target's dominant power source. The combination of a high ionization line index and PAH strength serves as an efficient discriminant between AGN and star-forming nuclei, confirming progress made with ISO spectroscopy on starbursting and ultraluminous infrared galaxies. The sensitivity of Spitzer allows us to probe fainter nuclei and star-forming regions within galaxy disks. We find that both star-forming nuclei and extranuclear regions stand apart from nuclei that are powered by Seyfert or LINER activity. In fact, we identify areas within four diagnostic diagrams containing >90% Seyfert/LINER nuclei or >90% HII regions/HII nuclei. We also find that, compared to starbursting nuclei, extranuclear regions typically separate even further from AGN, especially for low-metallicity extranuclear environments. In addition, instead of the traditional mid-infrared approach to differentiating between AGN and star-forming sources that utilizes relatively weak high-ionization lines, we show that strong low-ionization cooling lines of X-ray dominated regions like [SiII] 34.82 micron can alternatively be used as excellent discrimants. Finally, the typical target in this sample shows relatively modest interstellar electron density (~400 cm^{-3}) and obscuration (A_V ~ 1.0 mag for a foreground screen), consistent with a lack of dense clumps of highly obscured gas and dust residing in the emitting regions. [Abridged

D. A. Dale; J. D. T. Smith; L. Armus; B. A. Buckalew; G. Helou; R. C. Kennicutt; J. Moustakas; H. Roussel; K. Sheth; G. J. Bendo; D. Calzetti; B. T. Draine; C. W. Engelbracht; K. D. Gordon; D. J. Hollenbach; T. H. Jarrett; L. J. Kewley; C. Leitherer; A. Li; S. Malhotra; E. J. Murphy; F. Walter

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

VEHICLE SPECIFICATIONS Vehicle Features  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mazda 3 Mazda 3 VIN: JMZBLA4G601111865 Seatbelt Positions: 5 Standard Features: Air Conditioning Power Locks Power Steering Power Brakes Power Windows Cruise Control Front Disc Brakes Rear Disc Brakes Front Wheel Drive Anti-Lock Brakes Traction Control Air Bags AM/FM Stereo with CD Weights Design Curb Weight: 2,954 lb Delivered Curb Weight: 2,850 lb Distribution F/R (%): 63/37 GVWR: 4,050 lb GAWR F/R: 2,057/1,896 lb Payload 1 : 1,096 lb Performance Goal: 400 lb Dimensions Wheelbase: 103.9 in Track F/R: 60.4/59.8 in Length: 175.6 in Width: 69.1 in Height: 57.9 in Ground Clearance: 6.1 in Performance Goal: 5.0 in Tires Manufacturer: Yokohama Model: YK520 Size: P205/55R17 Pressure F/R: 35/33 psi

83

Salient Biological Features, Systematics,  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Salient Salient Biological Features, Systematics, and Genetic Variation of Populus Gancho T. Slavov and Peter Zhelev Abstract The genus Populus includes morphologically diverse species of decid- uous, relatively short-lived, and fast-growing trees. Most species have wide ranges of distribution but tend to occur primarily in riparian or mountainous habitats. Trees from this genus are typically dioecious, flower before leaf emer- gence, and produce large amounts of wind-dispersed pollen or seeds. Seedlings are drought- and shade-intolerant, and their establishment depends on distur- bance and high soil moisture. Asexual reproduction is common and occurs via root sprouting and/or rooting of shoots. Fossil records suggest that the genus appeared in the late Paleocene or early Eocene (i.e., 50-60 million years BP). According to one commonly used classification, the genus is comprised

84

Hopper Featured Announcements  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Announcements Announcements Hopper Featured Announcements Hopper OS upgrade and new SW set to default next Wed, Feb 27 February 21, 2013 by Helen He | 0 Comments 1) There will be a scheduled hardware and software maintenance for Hopper next Wednesday, February 27, from 7 am to 7 pm Pacific time. This is a major OS upgrade. Most applications are highly recommended to recompile (or at least relink) after the maintenance. C++ and PGAS applications are recommended to recompile and relink. Please plan your work accordingly and check the NERSC Message of the Day (MOTD) for status update: http://www.nersc.gov/live-status/motd/. 2) After the maintenance, the following software versions will be set to default on Hopper: -- pgi/12.9.0 -- gcc/4.7.2 -- cce/8.1.3 -- intel/13.0.1.117

85

NETL: Features - December 2009  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9 9 Extreme Drilling Laboratory Is Ready to “Rock and Roll” The Extreme Drilling Laboratory The Extreme Drilling Laboratory is located at the NETL Morgantown site. Initial research operations will begin in 2010. The Extreme Drilling Laboratory (XDL) at the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) proudly announces the much-anticipated debut of its prototype Ultra-deep Drilling Simulator (UDS), the rock star of the XDL. Drilling research will begin soon at an experimental well site with pressures reaching 30,000 pounds of force per square inch and temperatures exceeding 480 °F at the bottom of the well. One of the many unique features of this extreme drilling research is that 100 percent of the drilling will occur above ground. In addition, the UDS operating pressure

86

A MOLECULAR STAR FORMATION LAW IN THE ATOMIC-GAS-DOMINATED REGIME IN NEARBY GALAXIES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We use the IRAM HERACLES survey to study CO emission from 33 nearby spiral galaxies down to very low intensities. Using 21 cm line atomic hydrogen (H I) data, mostly from THINGS, we predict the local mean CO velocity based on the mean H I velocity. By re-normalizing the CO velocity axis so that zero corresponds to the local mean H I velocity we are able to stack spectra coherently over large regions. This enables us to measure CO intensities with high significance as low as I{sub CO} {approx} 0.3 K km s{sup -1} ({Sigma}{sub H{sub 2}}{approx}1 M{sub sun} pc{sup -2}), an improvement of about one order of magnitude over previous studies. We detect CO out to galactocentric radii r{sub gal} {approx} r{sub 25} and find the CO radial profile to follow a remarkably uniform exponential decline with a scale length of {approx}0.2 r{sub 25}. Here we focus on stacking as a function of radius, comparing our sensitive CO profiles to matched profiles of H I, H{alpha}, far-UV (FUV), and Infrared (IR) emission at 24 {mu}m and 70 {mu}m. We observe a tight, roughly linear relationship between CO and IR intensity that does not show any notable break between regions that are dominated by molecular gas ({Sigma}{sub H{sub 2}}>{Sigma}{sub H{sub i}}) and those dominated by atomic gas ({Sigma}{sub H{sub 2}}gas with little dependence on the local total gas surface density. While galaxies display small internal variations in the SFR-to-H{sub 2} ratio, we do observe systematic galaxy-to-galaxy variations. These galaxy-to-galaxy variations dominate the scatter in relationships between CO and SFR tracers measured at large scales. The variations have the sense that less massive galaxies exhibit larger ratios of SFR-to-CO than massive galaxies. Unlike the SFR-to-CO ratio, the balance between atomic and molecular gas depends strongly on the total gas surface density and galactocentric radius. It must also depend on additional parameters. Our results reinforce and extend to lower surface densities, a picture in which star formation in galaxies can be separated into two processes: the assembly of star-forming molecular clouds and the formation of stars from H{sub 2}. The interplay between these processes yields a total gas-SFR relation with a changing slope, which has previously been observed and identified as a star formation threshold.

Schruba, Andreas; Walter, Fabian; Dumas, Gaelle; Sandstrom, Karin [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Astronomie, Koenigstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Leroy, Adam K. [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 520 Edgemont Road, Charlottesville, VA 22903 (United States); Bigiel, Frank [Department of Astronomy, Radio Astronomy Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Brinks, Elias [Centre for Astrophysics Research, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield AL10 9AB (United Kingdom); De Blok, W. J. G. [Astrophysics, Cosmology and Gravity Centre, Department of Astronomy, University of Cape Town, Private Bag X3, Rondebosch 7701 (South Africa); Kramer, Carsten [IRAM, Avenida Divina Pastora 7, 18012 Granada (Spain); Rosolowsky, Erik [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia Okanagan, 3333 University Way, Kelowna, BC V1V 1V7 (Canada); Schuster, Karl [IRAM, 300 rue de la Piscine, 38406 St. Martin d'Heres (France); Usero, Antonio [Observatorio Astronomico Nacional, C/Alfonso XII, 3, 28014, Madrid (Spain); Weiss, Axel; Wiesemeyer, Helmut, E-mail: schruba@mpia.de [MPIfR, Auf dem Huegel 69, 53121 Bonn (Germany)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

87

ARM - Features and Releases Archive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CenterFeaturesFeatures and Releases Archive CenterFeaturesFeatures and Releases Archive Media Contact Lynne Roeder lynne-dot-roeder-at-pnnl-dot-gov @armnewsteam Field Notes Blog Topics Field Notes89 AGU 3 AMIE 10 ARM Aerial Facility 2 ARM Mobile Facility 1 6 ARM Mobile Facility 2 47 BAECC 1 BBOP 4 MAGIC 12 MC3E 17 SGP 2 STORMVEX 29 TCAP 3 Search News Search Blog News Center All Categories What's this? Social Media Guidance News Center All Categories Features and Releases Facility News Field Notes Blog feed Events feed Employment Research Highlights Data Announcements Education News Archive What's this? Social Media Guidance Features and Releases Archive 2013 Dec 30 Pole Position: New Field Campaigns Explore Arctic and Antarctic Atmosphere Nov 13 Research Flights Completed for Biomass Burning Field Campaign Nov 07 MAGIC Takes a Bow

88

Topographic Features | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

No definition has been provided for this term. Add a Definition Topography is the shape and arrangement of physical features on a surface. In the case of geothermal...

89

Argonne Transportation - 2002 Features Archive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Features Archive Argonne Completes Evaluation of DOE Fuel Cell System Argonne National Laboratory has finished testing the U.S. Department of Energys (DOE's) first...

90

Argonne Transportation - 2007 Features Archive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 Features Archive Argonne's Lithium-Ion Battery Technology Offers Reliability, Greater Safety Argonne's an internationally recognized leader in the development of lithium-battery...

91

DOE software featured at ESTSC  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

DOE software featured at ESTSC Multi AdminSystem Tracking-Environment Resource: MASTER is an open-source software package available from the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory...

92

Bayesian Nonparametric Latent Feature Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3 Bayesian Nonparametric Latent Feature Model Inference5 Non-exchangeable Bayesian Nonparametric Inferencefor Non-exchangeable Bayesian Nonparametric Latent ture

Miller, Kurt Tadayuki

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

A Resolved Molecular Gas Disk around the Nearby A Star 49 Ceti  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The A star 49 Ceti, at a distance of 61 pc, is unusual in retaining a substantial quantity of molecular gas while exhibiting dust properties similar to those of a debris disk. We present resolved observations of the disk around 49 Ceti from the Submillimeter Array in the J=2-1 rotational transition of CO with a resolution of 1.0x1.2 arcsec. The observed emission reveals an extended rotating structure viewed approximately edge-on and clear of detectable CO emission out to a distance of ~90 AU from the star. No 1.3 millimeter continuum emission is detected at a 3-sigma sensitivity of 2.1 mJy/beam. Models of disk structure and chemistry indicate that the inner disk is devoid of molecular gas, while the outer gas disk between 40 and 200 AU from the star is dominated by photochemistry from stellar and interstellar radiation. We determine parameters for a model that reproduces the basic features of the spatially resolved CO J=2-1 emission, the spectral energy distribution, and the unresolved CO J=3-2 spectrum. We investigate variations in disk chemistry and observable properties for a range of structural parameters. 49 Ceti appears to be a rare example of a system in a late stage of transition between a gas-rich protoplanetary disk and a tenuous, virtually gas-free debris disk.

A. M. Hughes; D. J. Wilner; I. Kamp; M. R. Hogerheijde

2008-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

94

Unusual plant features gas turbines  

SciTech Connect

Gas turbines were chosen by Phillips Petroleum Co. to operate the first gas-injection plant in the world to use gas-type turbines to drive reciprocating compressors. The plant is located in Lake Maracaibo, Venezuela. Gas turbines were chosen because of their inherent reliability as prime movers and for their lack of vibration. Reciprocating compressors were decided upon because of their great flexibility. Now, for the first time, the advantages of both gas turbines and reciprocating compressors are coupled on a very large scale. In this installation, the turbines will operate at about 5,000 rpm, while the compressors will run at only 270 rpm. Speed will be reduced through the giant gear boxes. The compressor platform rests on seventy- eight 36-in. piles in 100 ft of water. Piles were driven 180 ft below water level. To dehydrate the gas, Phillips will install a triethylene glycol unit. Two nearby flow stations will gather associated gas produced at the field and will pipe the gas underwater to the gas injection platform. Lamar Field is in the S. central area of Lake Maracaibo. To date, it has produced a 150 million bbl in 10 yr. Studies have indicated that a combination of waterflooding and repressuring by gas injection could double final recovery. Waterflooding began in 1963.

Franco, A.

1967-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Feature  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Explains Vehicle Technologies to Illinois Companies and Government Explains Vehicle Technologies to Illinois Companies and Government Illinois chamber of commerce Attendees lined up for the test drive opportunities. On August 16, 2011, Argonne participated in the event, "Taking the Future Out for a Spin," organized by the Illinois Chamber of Commerce and held at the Autobahn Racing Country Club in Joliet, Il. Argonne researchers Glenn Keller and Henning Lohse-Busch were on hand to help attendees understand the advanced technology vehicles at the event. Lohse-Busch gave a presentation titled, "Current and Future Trends in Alternative Fuel Vehicles: A Research Perspective." Folks attending had the opportunity to drive a variety of advanced hybrid cars, including plug-in hybrids, electric vehicles and natural gas vehicles around a one and one-half mile closed racing course. Car manufacturers Chevy, Nissan, Tesla, Think, Mitsubishi and Ford provided electric vehicles, including the Chevy Volt and Nissan Leaf. Hybrid vehicles were provided by Toyota, Porsche, Kia, Cadillac and Ford. Chevy, VPG, Green Alternative Systems and Freightliner provided vehicles that run on compressed natural gas.

96

Feature  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Engineers (SAE) Hybrid Task Force Committee. Harper's current research involves power line communication technology (PLC) and plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) communication...

97

Newsletter Features | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

About Us » News & Blog » Newsletter Features About Us » News & Blog » Newsletter Features Newsletter Features Below are featured articles from the Indian Energy Beat newsletter. Download full issues of the newsletter. September 6, 2013 The Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians and the Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians are converting waste vegetable oil and grease to biofuel in an effort to reduce the environmental impact of their energy use. Fuel from Waste Helps Power Two Tribes The Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians and the Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians had plenty of used vegetable oil and grease on hand and a desire to convert the waste to biofuel to reduce the environmental impact of their energy use. The Tribes participated in a demonstration project with the intent to share their experience and lessons learned so that other Tribes

98

Feature-guided image stippling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an automatic method for producing stipple renderings from photographs, following the style of professional hedcut illustrations. For effective depiction of image features, we introduce a novel dot placement algorithm which adapts ...

Dongyeon Kim; Minjung Son; Yunjin Lee; Henry Kang; Seungyong Lee

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Nature Climate Change features Los  

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Nature Climate Change features Los Alamos forest research February 27, 2013 New print edition of journal tags tree-stress project for cover story LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Feb. 27,...

100

Argonne Transportation - 2006 Features Archive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 Features Archive SAE International Environmental Excellence in Transportation (E2T) Award Runner-Up Michael Wang of Argonne National Laboratory was honored as a runner-up in the...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nearby offline features" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Cool Customers in the Stellar Graveyard III: Limits to Substellar Objects around nearby White Dwarfs using CFHT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Results from a groundbased high contrast imaging survey of thirteen nearby white dwarfs for substellar objects is presented. We place strict upper limits on the type of substellar objects present, ruling out the presence of anything larger than $\\sim$14 M$_{Jup}$ for eight of the white dwarfs at separations $>$19 AU and corresponding to primordial separations of $\\sim$3-6~AU assuming adiabatic mass loss without tidal interactions. With these results we place the first upper limit on the number of intermediate mass stars with brown dwarfs at separations $>$ 13 AU. We combine these results with previous work to place upper limits on the number of massive Jovian ($>$ 10 M$_{Jup}$) planets in orbit around white dwarfs whose progenitors spanned a mass range of 1-7 M$_{\\odot}$.

J. H. Debes; J. Ge; C. Ftaclas

2005-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

102

Circumnuclear Dust in Nearby Active and Inactive Galaxies. II. Bars, Nuclear Spirals, and the Fueling of Active Galactic Nuclei  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(Abridged) We present a detailed study of the relation between circumnuclear dust morphology, host galaxy properties, and nuclear activity in nearby galaxies. We use our sample of 123 nearby galaxies with visible--near-infrared colormaps from the Hubble Space Telescope to create well-matched, "paired" samples of 28 active and 28 inactive galaxies, as well as 19 barred and 19 unbarred galaxies, that have the same host galaxy properties. Comparison of the barred and unbarred galaxies shows that grand design nuclear dust spirals are only found in galaxies with a large-scale bar. Tightly wound nuclear dust spirals, in contrast, show a strong tendency to avoid galaxies with large-scale bars. Comparison of the AGN and inactive samples shows that nuclear dust spirals, which may trace shocks and angular momentum dissipation in the ISM, occur with comparable frequency in both active and inactive galaxies. The only difference between the active and inactive galaxies is that several inactive galaxies appear to completely lack dust structure in their circumnuclear region, while none of the AGN lack this structure. The comparable frequency of nuclear spirals in active and inactive galaxies, combined with previous work that finds no significant differences in the frequency of bars or interactions between well-matched active and inactive galaxies, suggests that no universal fueling mechanism for low-luminosity AGN operates at spatial scales greater than ~100 pc radius from the galactic nuclei. The similarities instead suggest that the lifetime of nuclear activity is less than the characteristic inflow time from these spatial scales. An order-of-magnitude estimate of this inflow time is the dynamical timescale. This sets an upper limit of several million years to the lifetime of an individual episode of nuclear activity.

Paul Martini; Michael W. Regan; John S. Mulchaey; Richard W. Pogge

2002-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

103

News Features | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

News & Awards News & Awards News Releases Honors & Awards News Features Advanced Materials Home | Science & Discovery | Advanced Materials | News & Awards | News Features News Features 1-2 of 2 Results Nanotech toolbox July 01, 2013 - One of the most remarkable aspects of this super-small-scale world is that, under the right conditions, bits and pieces of materials will put themselves together-a natural phenomenon known as self-assembly. For example, polymer molecules, like the ones used to make plastic bags, organize themselves into a variety of structures based on what's going on in their environment. New family of tiny crystals glow bright in LED lights May 23, 2013 - Minuscule crystals that glow different colors may be the missing ingredient for white LED lighting that illuminates homes and

104

Green Power Network: Featured Reports  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Alphabetical Listing Alphabetical Listing Categorical Listing Chronological Listing Featured Reports Featured Reports Selected from from our Library of Green Power Publications Some of the following documents are available as Adobe Acrobat PDFs. Download Adobe Reader. Feature Report Heeter, J., T. Nicholas, 2013. Status and Trends in the U.S. Voluntary Green Power Market (2012 Data). NREL Report No. TP-6A20-60210. (PDF 1.2 MB) Heeter, J., 2013. Renewable Energy Certificate (REC) Tracking Systems: Costs & Verification Issues (Presentation). NREL/PR-6A20-60640. (PDF 517 KB) Heeter, J., P. Armstrong, L. Bird, 2012. Market Brief: Status of the Voluntary Renewable Energy Certificate Market (2011 Data). NREL/TP-6A20-52925 (PDF 974 KB) Bird, L., A. Reger, and J. Heeter, 2012. Distributed Solar Incentive

105

Feature Stories | Argonne National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Feature Stories Feature Stories Topic - Any - Energy -Energy efficiency --Vehicles ---Alternative fuels ---Automotive engineering ---Biofuels ---Diesel ---Electric drive technology ---Hybrid & electric vehicles ---Hydrogen & fuel cells ---Internal combustion ---Powertrain research ---Vehicle testing --Building design --Manufacturing -Energy sources --Renewable energy ---Bioenergy ---Hydropower ---Solar energy ---Wind energy --Hydrogen --Nuclear energy ---Nuclear energy modeling & simulation ---Nuclear fuel cycle ----Geology & disposal ---Reactors ----Nuclear reactor safety ----Nuclear reactor materials ----Nuclear system technologies & diagnostics -Energy usage --Energy life-cycle analysis --Energy storage ---Batteries ----Lithium-ion batteries ----Lithium-air batteries ----Sodium batteries --Electricity

106

Featured Webinars | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Featured Webinars Featured Webinars Jump to: navigation, search This page highlights the webinars conducted by the Coordinated Low Emissions Assistance Network, Clean Energy Solutions Center, Enhancing Capacity for Low Emissions Development Strategies program, and the LEDS Global Dialogue Working Group. Finance Webinars CESC-Webinar: Building an Innovation and Entrepreneurship Driven Economy: How Policies Can Foster Risk Capital Investment in Renewable Energy CESC-Webinar: Financial and Policy Innovations to Support Energy Efficiency: Energy Performance Contracting and On-Bill Financing Implementation Webinars GHG Inventory Webinars Low-carbon plans/TNAs/NAMAs Webinars CLEAN-Capacity Building and Training for Low Emissions Development Planning CLEAN-Linked Open Data (LOD) Webinar

107

On selecting Gabor features for biometric authentication  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe a Gabor feature selection technique that allows us to develop a fast and robust Gabor-feature based biometric system. Existing Gabor based methods use a huge number of Gabor features to represent the patterns. Our experiments on different ... Keywords: Gabor features, automated identification, biometrics, ear authentication, equal error rate, feature selection, finger authentication

Loris Nanni; Alessandra Lumini

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Comparing visual features for morphing based recognition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents a method of object classification using the idea of deformable shape matching. Three types of visual features, geometric blur, C1 and SIFT, are used to generate feature descriptors. These feature ...

Wu, Jia Jane

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Multiple protostellar systems. II. A high resolution near-infrared imaging survey in nearby star-forming regions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(abridged) Our project endeavors to obtain a robust view of multiplicity among embedded Class I and Flat Spectrum protostars in a wide array of nearby molecular clouds to disentangle ``universal'' from cloud-dependent processes. We have used near-infrared adaptive optics observations at the VLT through the H, Ks and L' filters to search for tight companions to 45 Class I and Flat Spectrum protostars located in 4 different molecular clouds (Taurus-Auriga, Ophiuchus, Serpens and L1641 in Orion). We complemented these observations with published high-resolution surveys of 13 additional objects in Taurus and Ophiuchus. We found multiplicity rates of 32+/-6% and 47+/-8% over the 45-1400 AU and 14-1400 AU separation ranges, respectively. These rates are in excellent agreement with those previously found among T Tauri stars in Taurus and Ophiuchus, and represent an excess of a factor ~1.7 over the multiplicity rate of solar-type field stars. We found no non-hierarchical triple systems, nor any quadruple or higher-or...

Duchne, G; Bouvier, J; Andr, P; Djupvik, A A; Ghez, A M

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

EARLY RADIO AND X-RAY OBSERVATIONS OF THE YOUNGEST NEARBY TYPE Ia SUPERNOVA PTF 11kly (SN 2011fe)  

SciTech Connect

On 2011 August 24 (UT) the Palomar Transient Factory (PTF) discovered PTF11kly (SN 2011fe), the youngest and most nearby Type Ia supernova (SN Ia) in decades. We followed this event up in the radio (centimeter and millimeter bands) and X-ray bands, starting about a day after the estimated explosion time. We present our analysis of the radio and X-ray observations, yielding the tightest constraints yet placed on the pre-explosion mass-loss rate from the progenitor system of this supernova. We find a robust limit of M-dot {approx}<10{sup -8}(w/100 km s{sup -1}) M{sub sun} yr{sup -1} from sensitive X-ray non-detections, as well as a similar limit from radio data, which depends, however, on assumptions about microphysical parameters. We discuss our results in the context of single-degenerate models for SNe Ia and find that our observations modestly disfavor symbiotic progenitor models involving a red giant donor, but cannot constrain systems accreting from main-sequence or sub-giant stars, including the popular supersoft channel. In view of the proximity of PTF11kly and the sensitivity of our prompt observations, we would have to wait for a long time (a decade or longer) in order to more meaningfully probe the circumstellar matter of SNe Ia.

Horesh, Assaf; Kulkarni, S. R.; Carpenter, John; Kasliwal, Mansi M.; Ofek, Eran O. [Cahill Center for Astrophysics, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Fox, Derek B. [Astronomy and Astrophysics, Eberly College of Science, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Quimby, Robert [IPMU, University of Tokyo, Kashiwanoha 5-1-5, Kashiwa-shi, Chiba (Japan); Gal-Yam, Avishay [Benoziyo Center for Astrophysics, Faculty of Physics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100 (Israel); Cenko, S. Bradley [Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-3411 (United States); De Bruyn, A. G. [Netherlands Institute for Radio Astronomy (ASTRON), Postbus 2, NL-7990 AA Dwingeloo (Netherlands); Kamble, Atish; Wijers, Ralph A. M. J. [Center for Gravitation and Cosmology, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53211 (United States); Van der Horst, Alexander J. [Universities Space Research Association, NSSTC, Huntsville, AL 35805 (United States); Kouveliotou, Chryssa [Space Science Office, VP-62, NASA-Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL 35805 (United States); Podsiadlowski, Philipp; Sullivan, Mark; Maguire, Kate [Department of Physics (Astrophysics), University of Oxford, Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3RH (United Kingdom); Howell, D. Andrew [Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network, Santa Barbara, CA 93117 (United States); Nugent, Peter E. [Computational Cosmology Center, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Gehrels, Neil [NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); and others

2012-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

111

Large-scale HI in nearby radio galaxies (II): the nature of classical low-power radio sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An important aspect of solving the long-standing question as to what triggers various types of Active Galactic Nuclei involves a thorough understanding of the overall properties and formation history of their host galaxies. This is the second in a series of papers that systematically study the large-scale properties of cold neutral hydrogen (HI) gas in nearby radio galaxies. The main goal is to investigate the importance of gas-rich galaxy mergers and interactions among radio-loud AGN. In this paper we present results of a complete sample of classical low-power radio galaxies. We find that extended Fanaroff & Riley type-I radio sources are generally not associated with gas-rich galaxy mergers or ongoing violent interactions, but occur in early-type galaxies without large (> 10^8 M_sun) amounts of extended neutral hydrogen gas. In contrast, enormous discs/rings of HI gas (with sizes up to 190 kpc and masses up to 2 x 10^10 M_sun) are detected around the host galaxies of a significant fraction of the compac...

Emonts, B H C; Struve, C; Oosterloo, T A; van Moorsel, G; Tadhunter, C N; van der Hulst, J M; Brogt, E; Holt, J; Mirabal, N

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

PETSc: Features: Nvidia GPU support  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nvidia GPU support Nvidia GPU support Home Download Features Component Details Diagram GPUs Theads Documentation Applications/Publications Miscellaneous External Software Developers Site PETSc algebraic solvers now run on Nvidia GPU systems. This sometimes provides an alternative high-performance, low-cost solution technique. We recommend working with petsc-dev if you wish to work witht his feature. If you use the PETSc GPU code in your published work, please cite the following paper: @article{minden2010preliminary, title={Preliminary implementation of PETSc using GPUs}, author={Minden, V. and Smith, B.F. and Knepley, M.G.}, journal={Proceedings of the 2010 International Workshop of GPU Solutions to Multiscale Problems in Science and Engineering}, year={2010} } WARNING: Using GPUs effectively is difficult! You must be dedicated and

113

Argonne Transportation - 2000 Features Archive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 Features Archive 0 Features Archive Argonne Technology Wins R&D 100 Award Argonne researchers have won an R&D 100 Award for developing a catalyst that may help bring environmentally friendly electric cars to the marketplace. These awards are given annually by R&D Magazine to the 100 most significant technical products of the year. (More...) Argonne's Automotive Recycling Processes Win Awards The automobile shredder industry recovers over 10 million tons of ferrous (iron-containing) scrap annually from obsolete automobiles and sells the metals at a significant profit. After metals recovery, though, the auto recyclers are left with about 5 million tons of nonmetallic auto shredder residue (ASR) to dispose of annually. Argonne's processes to recover valuable plastics from this scrap have won two prestigious awards. (More...)

114

Argonne Transportation - 2005 Features Archive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 Features Archive 5 Features Archive South African Science Park Street Naming Michael Thackeray of Argonne National Laboratory's Chemical Engineering Division was recently honored as one of 11 notable South African scientists and innovators to have streets named after them in Pretoria's new Innovation Hub science park. (More...) Electrochemical Society Battery Division Research Award Michael Thackeray of Argonne National Laboratory received the 2005 Research Award of the Battery Division of the Electrochemical Society. The award was established in 1958 to recognize outstanding contributions to the science and technology of primary and secondary cells and batteries and fuel cells. (More...) SAE Barry D. McNutt Award for Excellence in Automotive Policy Analysis Steve Plotkin of Argonne's Center for Transportation Research was the winner of the Society for Automotive Engineers (SAE) 2005 Barry D. McNutt Award, which recognizes the importance of sound policy analysis and inspires members of the mobility community in government, industry and elsewhere to strive for excellence. (More...)

115

Argonne Transportation - 2003 Features Archive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Features Archive 3 Features Archive Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers Fellow Ali Erdemir of Argonne's Energy Technology Division has been named a Fellow of the Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers (STLE). Last year, Erdemir received the Al Sonntag Award and the Allan A. Manteuffel Award from STLE's Chicago chapter for his development of a carbon coating that showed the lowest coefficient of friction (less than .001) when tested in a dry nitrogen atmosphere. (More...) Argonne Researcher Honored for Career in Engine Research The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) honored Argonne's Ramanujam (Raj) Sekar by elevating his membership to the status of a Fellow, in recognition of his many "significant engineering achievements and contributions to the engineering profession" over a career spanning more than 33 years. Sekar manages the Engine and Emissions Research Group at Argonne's Transportation Technology R&D Center. (More...)

116

Argonne Transportation - 2008 Features Archive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 Features Archive 8 Features Archive Battery Test Facility Since 1976, researchers have used Argonne's Electrochemical Analysis and Diagnostics Laboratory to study advanced battery systems for applications such as hybrid and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and utility load-leveling during peak demand periods. The facility houses a computer-operated test laboratory, where individual cells and multicell modules of battery systems are subjected to performance and lifetime tests under simulated real-world conditions. (More...) EnerDel/Argonne Advanced High-Power Battery for Hybrid Electric Vehicles The EnerDel/Argonne lithium-ion battery is a highly reliable and extremely safe device that is lighter in weight, more compact, more powerful and longer-lasting than the nickel-metal hydride (Ni-MH) batteries in today's hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs). (More...)

117

Analytical features: a knowledge-based approach to audio feature generation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a feature generation system designed to create audio features for supervised classification tasks. The main contribution to feature generation studies is the notion of analytical features (AFs), a construct designed to support the representation ...

Franois Pachet; Pierre Roy

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

CHANDRA ACIS SURVEY OF X-RAY POINT SOURCES IN 383 NEARBY GALAXIES. I. THE SOURCE CATALOG  

SciTech Connect

The Chandra data archive is a treasure for various studies, and in this paper we exploit this valuable resource to study the X-ray point source populations in nearby galaxies. By 2007 December 14, 383 galaxies within 40 Mpc with isophotal major axis above 1 arcmin had been observed by 626 public ACIS observations, most of which were for the first time analyzed by this survey to study the X-ray point sources. Uniform data analysis procedures are applied to the 626 ACIS observations and lead to the detection of 28,099 point sources, which belong to 17,599 independent sources. These include 8700 sources observed twice or more and 1000 sources observed 10 times or more, providing us a wealth of data to study the long-term variability of these X-ray sources. Cross-correlation of these sources with galaxy isophotes led to 8519 sources within the D{sub 25} isophotes of 351 galaxies, 3305 sources between the D{sub 25} and 2D{sub 25} isophotes of 309 galaxies, and additionally 5735 sources outside 2D{sub 25} isophotes of galaxies. This survey has produced a uniform catalog, by far the largest, of 11,824 X-ray point sources within 2D{sub 25} isophotes of 380 galaxies. Contamination analysis using the log N-log S relation shows that 74% of sources within 2D{sub 25} isophotes above 10{sup 39} erg s{sup -1}, 71% of sources above 10{sup 38} erg s{sup -1}, 63% of sources above 10{sup 37} erg s{sup -1}, and 56% of all sources are truly associated with galaxies. Meticulous efforts have identified 234 X-ray sources with galactic nuclei of nearby galaxies. This archival survey leads to 300 ultraluminous X-ray sources (ULXs) with L{sub X} (0.3-8 keV) {>=} 2 x 10{sup 39} erg s{sup -1}within D{sub 25} isophotes, 179 ULXs between D{sub 25} and 2D{sub 25} isophotes, and a total of 479 ULXs within 188 host galaxies, with about 324 ULXs truly associated with host galaxies based on the contamination analysis. About 4% of the sources exhibited at least one supersoft phase, and 70 sources are classified as ultraluminous supersoft sources with L{sub X} (0.3-8 keV) {>=} 2 x 10{sup 38} erg s{sup -1}. With a uniform data set and good statistics, this survey enables future works on various topics, such as X-ray luminosity functions for the ordinary X-ray binary populations in different types of galaxies, and X-ray properties of galactic nuclei.

Liu Jifeng [National Astronomical Observatories of China, 20 Datun Rd, Chaoyang, Beijing 100012 (China); Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden St., Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

119

Multiple protostellar systems. II. A high resolution near-infrared imaging survey in nearby star-forming regions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(abridged) Our project endeavors to obtain a robust view of multiplicity among embedded Class I and Flat Spectrum protostars in a wide array of nearby molecular clouds to disentangle ``universal'' from cloud-dependent processes. We have used near-infrared adaptive optics observations at the VLT through the H, Ks and L' filters to search for tight companions to 45 Class I and Flat Spectrum protostars located in 4 different molecular clouds (Taurus-Auriga, Ophiuchus, Serpens and L1641 in Orion). We complemented these observations with published high-resolution surveys of 13 additional objects in Taurus and Ophiuchus. We found multiplicity rates of 32+/-6% and 47+/-8% over the 45-1400 AU and 14-1400 AU separation ranges, respectively. These rates are in excellent agreement with those previously found among T Tauri stars in Taurus and Ophiuchus, and represent an excess of a factor ~1.7 over the multiplicity rate of solar-type field stars. We found no non-hierarchical triple systems, nor any quadruple or higher-order systems. No significant cloud-to-cloud difference has been found, except for the fact that all companions to low-mass Orion protostars are found within 100 AU of their primaries whereas companions found in other clouds span the whole range probed here. Based on this survey, we conclude that core fragmentation always yields a high initial multiplicity rate, even in giant molecular clouds such as the Orion cloud or in clustered stellar populations as in Serpens, in contrast with predictions of numerical simulations. The lower multiplicity rate observed in clustered Class II and Class III populations can be accounted for by a universal set of properties for young systems and subsequent ejections through close encounters with unrelated cluster members.

G. Duchne; S. Bontemps; J. Bouvier; P. Andr; A. A. Djupvik; A. M. Ghez

2007-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

120

A dichotomy in the orientation of dust and radio jets in nearby low-power radio galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We examine the properties of central dust in nearby quiescent and active early-type galaxies. The active galaxies are low-power radio galaxies with Fanaroff & Riley Type I or I/II radio jets. We focus on the comparison of the dust distributions in the active and quiescent galaxy samples and the relation between the radio jet and dust orientations. Our main observational conclusions are: (a) radio galaxies contain a higher fraction of regular dust 'ellipses' compared to quiescent galaxies which contain more often irregular dust distributions; (b) the morphology, size and orientation of dust ellipses and lanes in quiescent early-types and active early-types with kpc-scale radio jets is very similar; (c) dust ellipses are aligned with the major axis of the galaxy, dust lanes do not show a preferred alignment except for large (>kpc) dust lanes which are aligned with the minor axis of the galaxy. Dust morphologies can be classified as regular 'ellipses' and filamentary 'lanes'. We show that the dust ellipses are consistent with being nearly circular thin disks viewed at random viewing angles. The lanes are likely warped dust structures, which may be in the process of settling down to become regular disks or are being perturbed by a non-gravitational force. We use the observed dust-jet orientations to constrain the three-dimensional angle $\\theta_{\\rm DJ}$ between jet and dust. For dust-lane galaxies, the jet is approximately perpendicular to the dust structure, while for dust-ellipse galaxies there is a much wider distribution of $\\theta_{\\rm DJ}$. We discuss two scenarios that could explain the dust/jet/galaxy orientation dichotomy. (abridged)

Gijs Verdoes Kleijn; Tim de Zeeuw

2005-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

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121

Argonne Transportation - 2001 Features Archive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Features Archive 1 Features Archive SAE Award for Excellence in Oral Presentation Christopher Powell of Argonne National Laboratory's Center for Transportation Research (CTR) received a Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) Award for Excellence in Oral Presentation for his presentation entitled "X-Ray Measurement of High Pressure Diesel Sprays" at the March 2001 SAE World Congress in Detroit, Michigan. (More...) Discover Award Finalist, Transportation: Using “X-Ray Vision” to Study Fuel Spray Processes Inside Engines By using high-brilliance X-rays from Argonne’s Advanced Photon Source, researchers are able to obtain never-before-possible, time-resolved and quantitative information on the structure of gasoline and diesel fuel sprays at the very moment they enter the engine cylinder. Before the new “X-ray vision” technique, the portion of fuel sprays nearest the injector nozzle (the first one inch) had been too opaque for visible light to penetrate, leaving engine designers and manufacturers to guess at conditions inside the fuel spray

122

Parallel in situ coupling of simulation with a fully featured visualization system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is a widening gap between compute performance and the ability to store computation results. Complex scientific codes are the most affected since they must save massive files containing meshes and fields for offline analysis. Time and storage costs ...

Brad Whitlock; Jean M. Favre; Jeremy S. Meredith

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

ENGINEERING FEATURES OF DCX-2  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The DCX-2 is a large, complex experimental apparatus. Its aim is the generation of a hot, dense plasma by the injection and dissociation of 600-kev hydrogen molecNoneular ions in a magnetic-mirror field. For facilitating this process, the molecular ions are given a long path in the machine, and the ion- pumping action of the plasma is used to maintain the vacuum. The major component systems of the apparatus are the ion source and accelerator, highvoltage power supply, magnet system, beam-injection duct, vacuum system, and dissociating arc. The design, construction, and performance of each component system, the constructional features not peculiar to any one component, and the instruments and techniques available for plasma study are described. (auth)

Bell, P.R.; Culver, J.S.; DeCamp, S.M.; Ezell, J.C.; Kelley, G.G.; Lazar, N.H.; Mackin, R.J. Jr.

1963-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

124

Alternative Fuels Data Center: News and Features  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

About About Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Alternative Fuels Data Center: News and Features to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: News and Features on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: News and Features on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: News and Features on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: News and Features on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: News and Features on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: News and Features on AddThis.com... More in this section... Project Assistance News & Features Spanish Resources Contacts News and Features The Alternative Fuels Data Center (AFDC) helps transportation decision makers find alternative fuel information, data, and tools through

125

Modern Geothermal Features | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Modern Geothermal Features Modern Geothermal Features Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Modern Geothermal Features Dictionary.png Modern Geothermal Features: Active geothermal manifestations such as hot springs, fumaroles, steaming ground, mud pots, mud pools, mud volcanoes, or geysers. Other definitions:Wikipedia Reegle When geothermal systems have conduits available to the surface, they cause surface manifestations (or geothermal features). These features may vary between steam seeps (fumaroles) or pure fluid manifestations (geysers and hot springs) causing spectacular mineral formations (e.g. sinter terraces, tufa mounds). These types of manifestations are clear indications of an underlying geothermal system. Geothermal systems with no modern surface

126

Feature Tracking on the Unit Sphere  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Techniques used in a previous study of the objective identification and tracking of meteorological features in model data are extended to the unit sphere. An alternative feature detection scheme is described based on cubic interpolation for the ...

K. I. Hodges

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Transfer in Reinforcement Learning via Shared Features  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a framework for transfer in reinforcement learning based on the idea that related tasks share some common features, and that transfer can be achieved via those shared features. The framework attempts to capture ...

Konidaris, George

128

Feature Tracking Using Reeb Graphs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tracking features and exploring their temporal dynamics can aid scientists in identifying interesting time intervals in a simulation and serve as basis for performing quantitative analyses of temporal phenomena. In this paper, we develop a novel approach for tracking subsets of isosurfaces, such as burning regions in simulated flames, which are defined as areas of high fuel consumption on a temperature isosurface. Tracking such regions as they merge and split over time can provide important insights into the impact of turbulence on the combustion process. However, the convoluted nature of the temperature isosurface and its rapid movement make this analysis particularly challenging. Our approach tracks burning regions by extracting a temperature isovolume from the four-dimensional space-time temperature field. It then obtains isosurfaces for the original simulation time steps and labels individual connected 'burning' regions based on the local fuel consumption value. Based on this information, a boundary surface between burning and non-burning regions is constructed. The Reeb graph of this boundary surface is the tracking graph for burning regions.

Weber, Gunther H.; Bremer, Peer-Timo; Day, Marcus S.; Bell, John B.; Pascucci, Valerio

2010-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

129

Relict Geothermal Features | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Relict Geothermal Features Relict Geothermal Features Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Relict Geothermal Features Dictionary.png Relict Geothermal Features: No definition has been provided for this term. Add a Definition Relict geothermal surface feature, include the mineral formations left behind by hot springs, fumaroles, and geysers as well as the alteration of minerals by geothermal waters (e.g. opalization of sediments). Such alteration and deposits are indicators of past hydrothermal activity. Though surface activity has ceased in many areas, relict geothermal features may indicate the presence of a still active geothermal system below the surface. Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Relict_Geothermal_Features&oldid=600720"

130

Property:TopoFeatures | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Property Property Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Property:TopoFeatures Jump to: navigation, search Property Name TopoFeatures Property Type String Description Describes topographic features within the vicinity of the field (e.g. volcanic features, rift valleys, extensional features) that may be significant reflections of underlying geothermal resources. This is a property of type Page. Subproperties This property has the following 4 subproperties: G Geysers Geothermal Area L Lightning Dock Geothermal Area S Soda Lake Geothermal Area Stillwater Geothermal Area Pages using the property "TopoFeatures" Showing 23 pages using this property. A Amedee Geothermal Area + Horst and Graben + B Beowawe Hot Springs Geothermal Area + Horst and Graben +

131

Spatial Feature Evaluation for Aerial Scene Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High-resolution aerial images are becoming more readily available, which drives the demand for robust, intelligent and efficient systems to process increasingly large amounts of image data. However, automated image interpretation still remains a challenging problem. Robust techniques to extract and represent features to uniquely characterize various aerial scene categories is key for automated image analysis. In this paper we examined the role of spatial features to uniquely characterize various aerial scene categories. We studied low-level features such as colors, edge orientations, and textures, and examined their local spatial arrangements. We computed correlograms representing the spatial correlation of features at various distances, then measured the distance between correlograms to identify similar scenes. We evaluated the proposed technique on several aerial image databases containing challenging aerial scene categories. We report detailed evaluation of various low-level features by quantitatively measuring accuracy and parameter sensitivity. To demonstrate the feature performance, we present a simple query-based aerial scene retrieval system.

Swearingen, Thomas S [ORNL] [ORNL; Cheriyadat, Anil M [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

ARM - Feature Stories and Releases Article  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9 Feature Stories and Releases Open House Draws Crowd to ARM Climate Research Facility Display Mild summer temperatures helped bring thousands of visitors through the gates of...

133

ARM - Feature Stories and Releases Article  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

July 26, 2012 Feature Stories and Releases Capturing Aerosol Evolution at Cape Cod From July 2012 to June 2013, nearly sixty instruments are obtaining atmospheric data from the...

134

NETL: NewsRoom - Feature Stories  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Feature Stories September 2013 NETL's Supercomputer Addresses Energy Issues on Two Fronts August 2013 Adapting Energy Research for Further Innovations: A Little Sharing Among...

135

ARM - Feature Stories and Releases Article  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

December 11, 2007 Feature Stories and Releases National User Facility Leads to Multidisciplinary Climate Research Contact: Lynne Roeder, ARM Public Information Officer,...

136

ARM - Feature Stories and Releases Article  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

features the familiar faces of Professor Polar Bear, Teacher Turtle, and PI Prairie Dog. These "mascots" represent the ARM Climate Research Facility's research locales in...

137

ARM - Feature Stories and Releases Article  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Facility News, Feature Stories and Releases Research Flights Completed for Biomass Burning Field Campaign Bookmark and Share The Gulstream-1 heads toward a smoke plume during a...

138

Identifying Transition State Features of Enzymatic Conformational...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

remains a challenging task. We employ computational strategies in conjunction with NMR experiments to reveal - in atomistic resolution - features of transition states and...

139

ARM - Feature Stories and Releases Article  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

March 31, 2008 Feature Stories and Releases Aerosols and Clouds: A Complex Climate Connection New data will help researchers examine cloud composition and resulting effects on...

140

Digital Mapping Of Structurally Controlled Geothermal Features...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gps Units And Pocket Computers Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: Digital Mapping Of Structurally Controlled Geothermal Features With...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nearby offline features" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Digital Mapping Of Structurally Controlled Geothermal Features...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GPS Units And Pocket Computers Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Digital Mapping Of Structurally Controlled Geothermal Features...

142

The Role of Circulation Features on Black Carbon Transport into the Arctic in the Community Atmosphere Model Version 5 (CAM5)  

SciTech Connect

Current climate models generally under-predict the surface concentration of black carbon (BC) in the Arctic due to the uncertainties associated with emissions, transport, and removal. This bias is also present in the Community Atmosphere Model Version 5.1 (CAM5). In this study, we investigate the uncertainty of Arctic BC due to transport processes simulated by CAM5 by configuring the model to run in an offline mode in which the large-scale circulations are prescribed. We compare the simulated BC transport when the offline model is driven by the meteorology predicted by the standard free-running CAM5 with simulations where the meteorology is constrained to agree with reanalysis products. Some circulation biases are apparent: the free-running CAM5 produces about 50% less transient eddy transport of BC than the reanalysis-driven simulations, which may be attributed to the coarse model resolution insufficient to represent eddies. Our analysis shows that the free-running CAM5 reasonably captures the essence of the Arctic Oscillation (AO), but some discernable differences in the spatial pattern of the AO between the free-running CAM5 and the reanalysis-driven simulations result in significantly different AO modulation of BC transport over Northeast Asia and Eastern Europe. Nevertheless, we find that the overall climatological circulation patterns simulated by the free-running CAM5 generally resembles those from the reanalysis products, and BC transport is very similar in both simulation sets. Therefore, the simulated circulation features regulating the long-range BC transport is unlikely the most important cause of the large under-prediction of surface BC concentration in the Arctic.

Ma, Po-Lun; Rasch, Philip J.; Wang, Hailong; Zhang, Kai; Easter, Richard C.; Tilmes, S.; Fast, Jerome D.; Liu, Xiaohong; Yoon, Jin-Ho; Lamarque, Jean-Francois

2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

143

Web credibility: features exploration and credibility prediction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The open nature of the World Wide Web makes evaluating webpage credibility challenging for users. In this paper, we aim to automatically assess web credibility by investigating various characteristics of webpages. Specifically, we first identify features ... Keywords: classification, feature analysis, regression, web credibility

Alexandra Olteanu; Stanislav Peshterliev; Xin Liu; Karl Aberer

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Transfer in Reinforcement Learning via Shared Features  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a framework for transfer in reinforcement learning based on the idea that related tasks share some common features, and that transfer can be achieved via those shared features. The framework attempts to capture the notion of tasks that are ...

George Konidaris; Ilya Scheidwasser; Andrew Barto

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Archives and History Office: Short Features  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Features > Short Features Features > Short Features Short Features in SLAC History 40th SLAC celebrated its 40th Anniversary in 2002 with a series of events and a photo book. 50th SLAC celebrated its 50th Anniversary in 2012 with a series of events and a special anniversary website: Celebrating 50 Years of Discovery. APS Burton Richter, Sid Drell , Martin Perl , and Herman Winick made presentations at the American Physical Society (APS) Centennial Celebration and Meeting ( March 20-26 1999). Angiogram The first synchrotron radiation coronary angiogram recorded on a human subject occurred in May 1986 at the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory (SSRL). BaBar BaBar was dedicated on August 13, 1999. Beam Trees Beam trees are not actually beams or trees. Blue Book The Blue Book is a SLAC classic written to document for posterity the design and building of SLAC's two-mile accelerator. Available in full-text from the SLAC Library.

146

Feature | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

and its array of science programs. Explore the resources and get quick links to nearby Ames Laboratory and its community college programs. Ames is managed by Iowa State...

147

Nature climate change features Los Alamos forest research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nature climate change features forest research Nature climate change features Los Alamos forest research The print issue features as its cover story the tree-stress research of...

148

Passive Safety Features for Small Modular Reactors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The rapid growth in the size and complexity of commercial nuclear power plants in the 1970s spawned an interest in smaller, simpler designs that are inherently or intrinsically safe through the use of passive design features. Several designs were developed, but none were ever built, although some of their passive safety features were incorporated into large commercial plant designs that are being planned or built today. In recent years, several reactor vendors are actively redeveloping small modular reactor (SMR) designs with even greater use of passive features. Several designs incorporate the ultimate in passive safety they completely eliminate specific accident initiators from the design. Other design features help to reduce the likelihood of an accident or help to mitigate the accident s consequences, should one occur. While some passive safety features are common to most SMR designs, irrespective of the coolant technology, other features are specific to water, gas, or liquid-metal cooled SMR designs. The extensive use of passive safety features in SMRs promise to make these plants highly robust, protecting both the general public and the owner/investor. Once demonstrated, these plants should allow nuclear power to be used confidently for a broader range of customers and applications than will be possible with large plants alone.

Ingersoll, Daniel T [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Temperature structure of the intergalactic medium within seven nearby and bright clusters of galaxies observed with XMM-Newton  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aims. We map the temperature structure of the intra-cluster medium (ICM) within a nearly complete X-ray flux limited sample of galaxy clusters in the redshift range z=[0.045,0.096]. Our sample contains seven bright clusters of galaxies observed with XMM-Newton: Abell 399, Abell 401, Abell 478, Abell 1795, Abell 2029, Abell 2065, Abell 2256. Methods. We use a multi-scale spectral mapping algorithm especially designed to map spectroscopic observables from X-ray extended emission of the ICM. Derived from a former algorithm using Haar wavelets, our algorithm is now implemented with B-spline wavelets in order to perform a more regular analysis of the signal. Results. For the four clusters in our sample that are major mergers, we find a complex thermal structure with strong thermal variations consistent with their dynamics. For two of them, A2065 and A2256, we perform a 3-d analysis of cold front features evidenced from the gas temperature and brightness maps. Furthermore, we detect a significant non-radial thermal structure outside the cool core region of the other 3 more "regular" clusters, with relative amplitudes of about about 10%. We investigate possible implications of this structure on the mass estimates of the "regular" clusters A1795 and A2029, by extracting surface brightness and temperature profiles from sectors correspondings to the hottest and coldest regions in the maps. While compensating with surface brightness for A2029, leading to consistent mass profiles, the temperature structure leads to significant mass discrepancies in the innermost region of A1795.

H. Bourdin; P. Mazzotta

2008-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

150

A web-tool for population synthesis of near-by cooling neutron stars: An on-line test for cooling curves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a new web-tool - Net-PSICoNS - for population synthesis of isolated near-by cooling neutron stars (NSs). The main aim is to provide an easy test of models of the NS thermal evolution which can be used by groups studying this subject. A user can upload cooling curves for a set of masses, modify the mass spectrum if necessary, change radii to fit the EoS used for cooling curve calculations, and then a population synthesis of close-by isolated cooling NSs is performed. The output includes the Log N -- Log S distribution confronted with the ROSAT observations and several other sets of data. In this paper, we summarize the idea of the test proposed by Popov et al. (2006), and present a user's manual for the web-tool.

Boldin, P A; Tetzlaff, N

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

LEDSGP/tools/features | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LEDSGP/tools/features LEDSGP/tools/features < LEDSGP‎ | tools Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP Logo.png Advancing climate-resilient low emission development around the world Home About Tools Expert Assistance Events Publications Join Us Tools Activities Inventory LEDS Toolkits Knowledge Portals Featured Tools Featured Tools The following resources can be used to support different stages of low emissions development planning. Click here to add a capacity building or training resource to the inventory. Webinar on Development Impact Assessment for Low Emissions Development: As part of this webinar, several members of the LEDS Global Partnership set out to review existing approaches to capturing and communicating development benefits of climate action and propose a new tool for communicating development benefits to policy makers as part of a LEDS

152

ARM - 2013 AMS Presentations Featuring ARM Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 AMS Presentations Featuring ARM Data 3 AMS Presentations Featuring ARM Data Media Contact Lynne Roeder lynne-dot-roeder-at-pnnl-dot-gov @armnewsteam Field Notes Blog Topics Field Notes89 AGU 3 AMIE 10 ARM Aerial Facility 2 ARM Mobile Facility 1 6 ARM Mobile Facility 2 47 BAECC 1 BBOP 4 MAGIC 12 MC3E 17 SGP 2 STORMVEX 29 TCAP 3 Search News Search Blog News Center All Categories What's this? Social Media Guidance News Center All Categories Features and Releases Facility News Field Notes Blog feed Events feed Employment Research Highlights Data Announcements Education News Archive What's this? Social Media Guidance 2013 AMS Presentations Featuring ARM Data Sunday, January 6 Presentation Type Session ID and Presentation Title Presenters Time and Location Poster Sessions Poster S150 Analysis of SPartiCus Data for Cirrus Modeling Case Studies R. L. Atlas, A. M. Fridlind and M. Diao 2:30-4:00 PM, Exhibit Hall 3

153

ARM - AGU Presentations Featuring ARM Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CenterAGU Presentations Featuring ARM Data CenterAGU Presentations Featuring ARM Data Media Contact Lynne Roeder lynne-dot-roeder-at-pnnl-dot-gov @armnewsteam Field Notes Blog Topics Field Notes89 AGU 3 AMIE 10 ARM Aerial Facility 2 ARM Mobile Facility 1 6 ARM Mobile Facility 2 47 BAECC 1 BBOP 4 MAGIC 12 MC3E 17 SGP 2 STORMVEX 29 TCAP 3 Search News Search Blog News Center All Categories What's this? Social Media Guidance News Center All Categories Features and Releases Facility News Field Notes Blog feed Events feed Employment Research Highlights Data Announcements Education News Archive What's this? Social Media Guidance AGU Presentations Featuring ARM Data Monday, December 13 Presentation Type Session ID and Presentation Title Presenters Time and Location A11H. Atmospheric Sciences General Contributions: Clouds and Aerosol-Cloud Interactions I

154

ARM - 2012 AMS Presentations Featuring ARM Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 AMS Presentations Featuring ARM Data 2 AMS Presentations Featuring ARM Data Media Contact Lynne Roeder lynne-dot-roeder-at-pnnl-dot-gov @armnewsteam Field Notes Blog Topics Field Notes89 AGU 3 AMIE 10 ARM Aerial Facility 2 ARM Mobile Facility 1 6 ARM Mobile Facility 2 47 BAECC 1 BBOP 4 MAGIC 12 MC3E 17 SGP 2 STORMVEX 29 TCAP 3 Search News Search Blog News Center All Categories What's this? Social Media Guidance News Center All Categories Features and Releases Facility News Field Notes Blog feed Events feed Employment Research Highlights Data Announcements Education News Archive What's this? Social Media Guidance 2012 AMS Presentations Featuring ARM Data Monday, January 23 Presentation Type Session ID and Presentation Title Presenters Time and Location Oral Invited J2.1, Next-Generation Global Precipitation Data for Hydrometeorogical Applications Arthur Y. Hou, Dalia Bach Kirschbaum 11:00 AM, 256

155

ARM - Feature Stories and Releases Article  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

August 17, 2009 Feature Stories and Releases The Air is Rare Up There Science team ascends nearly to height of Everest's base camp for atmospheric data Dave Turner (left) and...

156

Multimedia Semantic Features and Image Content Description  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Content-based indexing and retrieval of images and video requires a proper semantic description for image content. This paper discusses the mapping of high-level, application-specific, features to the visual primitives that are accessible through image ...

M. Cavazza; R. J. Green; I. J. Palmer

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

ARM - Feature Stories and Releases Article  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

December 7, 2010 Feature Stories and Releases User Facility Highlights at 2010 AGU Fall Meeting Scientists from around the world use data from the U.S. Department of Energy's...

158

ARM - Feature Stories and Releases Article  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

10, 2009 Facility News, Feature Stories and Releases Highlights from DOE Scientific User Facility at AGU Fall Meeting 2009 Scientists from around the world use data from the U.S....

159

Minimizing Binding Errors Using Learned Conjunctive Features  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have studied some of the design trade-offs governing visual representations based on spatially invariant conjunctive feature detectors, with an emphasis on the susceptibility of such systems to false-positive recognition errorsMalsburg's classical ...

Bartlett W. Mel; Jzsef W. Fiser

2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Minimizing Binding Errors Using Learned Conjunctive Features  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have studied some of the design trade-offs governing visual representations based on spatially invariant conjunctive feature detectors, with an emphasis on the susceptibility of such systems to false-positive recognition errorsMalsburgs ...

Bartlett W. Mel; Jsef W. Fiser

2000-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nearby offline features" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Topology-based Feature Definition and Analysis  

SciTech Connect

Defining high-level features, detecting them, tracking them and deriving quantities based on them is an integral aspect of modern data analysis and visualization. In combustion simulations, for example, burning regions, which are characterized by high fuel-consumption, are a possible feature of interest. Detecting these regions makes it possible to derive statistics about their size and track them over time. However, features of interest in scientific simulations are extremely varied, making it challenging to develop cross-domain feature definitions. Topology-based techniques offer an extremely flexible means for general feature definitions and have proven useful in a variety of scientific domains. This paper will provide a brief introduction into topological structures like the contour tree and Morse-Smale complex and show how to apply them to define features in different science domains such as combustion. The overall goal is to provide an overview of these powerful techniques and start a discussion how these techniques can aid in the analysis of astrophysical simulations.

Weber, Gunther H.; Bremer, Peer-Timo; Gyulassy, Attila; Pascucci, Valerio

2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

162

Feature extraction for structural dynamics model validation  

SciTech Connect

This study focuses on defining and comparing response features that can be used for structural dynamics model validation studies. Features extracted from dynamic responses obtained analytically or experimentally, such as basic signal statistics, frequency spectra, and estimated time-series models, can be used to compare characteristics of structural system dynamics. By comparing those response features extracted from experimental data and numerical outputs, validation and uncertainty quantification of numerical model containing uncertain parameters can be realized. In this study, the applicability of some response features to model validation is first discussed using measured data from a simple test-bed structure and the associated numerical simulations of these experiments. issues that must be considered were sensitivity, dimensionality, type of response, and presence or absence of measurement noise in the response. Furthermore, we illustrate a comparison method of multivariate feature vectors for statistical model validation. Results show that the outlier detection technique using the Mahalanobis distance metric can be used as an effective and quantifiable technique for selecting appropriate model parameters. However, in this process, one must not only consider the sensitivity of the features being used, but also correlation of the parameters being compared.

Hemez, Francois [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Farrar, Charles [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Park, Gyuhae [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Nishio, Mayuko [UNIV OF TOKYO; Worden, Keith [UNIV OF SHEFFIELD; Takeda, Nobuo [UNIV OF TOKYO

2010-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

163

Satellite stories featured in Lab lecture series  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

February » February » Satellite stories featured Satellite stories featured in Lab lecture series Space adventures will be featured in the upcoming Frontiers in Science lecture series "Small Satellites on a Shoestring: The LANL Experience." February 14, 2008 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

164

Supai salt karst features: Holbrook Basin, Arizona  

SciTech Connect

More than 300 sinkholes, fissures, depressions, and other collapse features occur along a 70 km (45 mi) dissolution front of the Permian Supai Formation, dipping northward into the Holbrook Basin, also called the Supai Salt Basin. The dissolution front is essentially coincident with the so-called Holbrook Anticline showing local dip reversal; rather than being of tectonic origin, this feature is likely a subsidence-induced monoclinal flexure caused by the northward migrating dissolution front. Three major areas are identified with distinctive attributes: (1) The Sinks, 10 km WNW of Snowflake, containing some 200 sinkholes up to 200 m diameter and 50 m depth, and joint controlled fissures and fissure-sinks; (2) Dry Lake Valley and contiguous areas containing large collapse fissures and sinkholes in jointed Coconino sandstone, some of which drained more than 50 acre-feet ({approximately}6 {times} 10{sup 4} m{sup 3}) of water overnight; and (3) the McCauley Sinks, a localized group of about 40 sinkholes 15 km SE of Winslow along Chevelon Creek, some showing essentially rectangular jointing in the surficial Coconino Formation. Similar salt karst features also occur between these three major areas. The range of features in Supai salt are distinctive, yet similar to those in other evaporate basins. The wide variety of dissolution/collapse features range in development from incipient surface expression to mature and old age. The features began forming at least by Pliocene time and continue to the present, with recent changes reportedly observed and verified on airphotos with 20 year repetition. The evaporate sequence along interstate transportation routes creates a strategic location for underground LPG storage in leached caverns. The existing 11 cavern field at Adamana is safely located about 25 miles away from the dissolution front, but further expansion initiatives will require thorough engineering evaluation.

Neal, J.T.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

165

Munitions related feature extraction from LIDAR data.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The characterization of former military munitions ranges is critical in the identification of areas likely to contain residual unexploded ordnance (UXO). Although these ranges are large, often covering tens-of-thousands of acres, the actual target areas represent only a small fraction of the sites. The challenge is that many of these sites do not have records indicating locations of former target areas. The identification of target areas is critical in the characterization and remediation of these sites. The Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP) and Environmental Security Technology Certification Program (ESTCP) of the DoD have been developing and implementing techniques for the efficient characterization of large munitions ranges. As part of this process, high-resolution LIDAR terrain data sets have been collected over several former ranges. These data sets have been shown to contain information relating to former munitions usage at these ranges, specifically terrain cratering due to high-explosives detonations. The location and relative intensity of crater features can provide information critical in reconstructing the usage history of a range, and indicate areas most likely to contain UXO. We have developed an automated procedure using an adaptation of the Circular Hough Transform for the identification of crater features in LIDAR terrain data. The Circular Hough Transform is highly adept at finding circular features (craters) in noisy terrain data sets. This technique has the ability to find features of a specific radius providing a means of filtering features based on expected scale and providing additional spatial characterization of the identified feature. This method of automated crater identification has been applied to several former munitions ranges with positive results.

Roberts, Barry L.

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Improving the Detection of Wind Features In Backscatter LIDAR Scans Using Feature Extraction.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis presents the results of applying image segmentation techniques to incoherent LIDAR data to improve the detection of wind features. Improving the detection and (more)

Rotthoff, Eric

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

An orthogonal access modifier model for feature-oriented programming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In feature-oriented programming (FOP), a programmer decomposes a program in terms of features. Ideally, features are implemented modularly so that they can be developed in isolation. Access control is an important ingredient to attain feature ... Keywords: feature-oriented programming, orthogonal access modifier model

Sven Apel; Jrg Liebig; Christian Kstner; Martin Kuhlemann; Thomas Leich

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

An offline foundation for online accountable pseudonyms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Online anonymity often appears to undermine accountability, offering little incentive for civil behavior, but accountability failures usually result not from anonymity itself but from the disposability of virtual identities. A user banned ...

Bryan Ford; Jacob Strauss

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

ARM - Feature Stories and Releases Article  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7, 2012 [Feature Stories and Releases] 7, 2012 [Feature Stories and Releases] Southern Great Plains Site in Path of Tornado Bookmark and Share Property of several SGP site personnel took a hit during the April 30 tornado. Site operations manager John Schatz shared this photo of damage to and around his barn. Property of several SGP site personnel took a hit during the April 30 tornado. Site operations manager John Schatz shared this photo of damage to and around his barn. On April 30, at about 10:30 p.m, a tornado touched down in Medford, Oklahoma, northwest of the Central Facility at ARM's Southern Great Plains site. The storm track moved southeast, passing through several counties and leaving a path of destruction in its wake. In spite of winds in excess of 80 mph and baseball-sized hail, ARM instruments and structures

170

ARM - Feature Stories and Releases Article  

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November 14, 2011 [Feature Stories and Releases] November 14, 2011 [Feature Stories and Releases] New Study Reveals and Quantifies Magnitude of Long-term Aerosol Effects on Clouds and Precipitation Bookmark and Share Cloud radars measure an incoming storm at the ARM Southern Great Plains site in Oklahoma. Cloud radars measure an incoming storm at the ARM Southern Great Plains site in Oklahoma. 10 years of data from ARM Southern Great Plains site corroborate satellite measurements; match model A study published in Nature Geoscience this week reveals a trend that atmospheric scientists have been mulling for decades: the effects of aerosols on clouds and rainfall. Some studies have suggested that aerosols-tiny particles in the air, such as dust and soot-may make clouds "drier" while others studies suggest they may intensify storm

171

ARM - Feature Stories and Releases Article  

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November 16, 2010 [Feature Stories and Releases] November 16, 2010 [Feature Stories and Releases] Future Field Campaigns Span Atlantic Ocean to Indian Ocean Bookmark and Share Each year, the ARM Climate Research Facility reviews proposals to use key components of the Facility for extended field campaigns. The Department of Energy recently announced the selection of major ARM field campaigns that will take place from 2011 through 2014. Studies led by principal investigators Chuck Long, Carl Berkowitz, and Scot Martin will examine atmospheric circulation in the tropics, and aerosol-cloud interactions in the North Atlantic and Amazon Basin, respectively. ARM MJO Investigation Experiment on Gan Island (AMIE-Gan). Led by Chuck Long of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, this campaign is part of a large international research effort involving two island-based and two

172

ARM - Feature Stories and Releases Article  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3, 2012 [Feature Stories and Releases] 3, 2012 [Feature Stories and Releases] SGP Site Staff Share Successes, Challenges in the Name of Science Bookmark and Share Large-scale observation network in Korea opens door to new collaborations Daniel Hartsock and Dr. Kyungjeen Park look on as Pat Dowell describes the operation of a disdrometer at the SGP site. A sensor under the instrument's 'hood' measures rain rate and drop size distribution. Daniel Hartsock and Dr. Kyungjeen Park look on as Pat Dowell describes the operation of a disdrometer at the SGP site. A sensor under the instrument's 'hood' measures rain rate and drop size distribution. Dr. Kyungjeen Park, Korea Meteorological Administration, faces a tremendous responsibility: develop a microscale observing capability to support a major urban atmospheric measurement and modeling project. The project is to

173

ARM - Feature Stories and Releases Article  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

28, 2011 [Feature Stories and Releases] 28, 2011 [Feature Stories and Releases] Storm Study in Oklahoma Records Extreme Weather Events Bookmark and Share During MC3E, convective clouds like these were measured by NASA research aircraft and numerous radars throughout the ARM Southern Great Plains site, including these radars at the SGP Central Facility. During MC3E, convective clouds like these were measured by NASA research aircraft and numerous radars throughout the ARM Southern Great Plains site, including these radars at the SGP Central Facility. On June 6 at 6:30 p.m., the last launch of more than 1400 weather balloons marked the end of field operations for the six-week Midlatitude Continental Convective Clouds Experiment, or MC3E, at the ARM Southern Great Plains site. Led by Mike Jensen, MC3E principal investigator from Brookhaven

174

ARM - Feature Stories and Releases Article  

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March 27, 2009 [Facility News, Feature Stories and Releases] March 27, 2009 [Facility News, Feature Stories and Releases] Ceremony in the Azores Recognizes Scientific Collaborations Bookmark and Share A mix of green pastures and isolated white-housed villages dot the landscape of Graciosa Island. The ARM Mobile Facility will be located near the airport at the northern end of the island. A mix of green pastures and isolated white-housed villages dot the landscape of Graciosa Island. The ARM Mobile Facility will be located near the airport at the northern end of the island. In a signing ceremony at the Laboratorio Regional Engenharia Civil in Ponta Delgada, the Azores, government officials from the United States and Portugal formally recognized agreements for scientific collaboration related to the ARM Mobile Facility deployment on Graciosa Island. The

175

ARM - Feature Stories and Releases Article  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

, 2011 [Feature Stories and Releases] , 2011 [Feature Stories and Releases] AMIE, What You Wanna Do? Bookmark and Share Data spanning the Maldives to Papua New Guinea will help scientists analyze far-reaching tropical weather cycle This view shows a subset of the ARM Mobile Facility instruments operating at the Gan Island airport for the AMIE campaign. To see the complete collection, see the image set in Flickr. This view shows a subset of the ARM Mobile Facility instruments operating at the Gan Island airport for the AMIE campaign. To see the complete collection, see the image set in Flickr. Like the lyrics in the song from the 1970s, the ARM Mobile Facility is going to stay in the Maldives "for a while, maybe longer"-about six months, actually-in support of the ARM Madden Julian Oscillation (MJO)

176

ARM - Feature Stories and Releases Article  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

, 2010 [Feature Stories and Releases] , 2010 [Feature Stories and Releases] Field Campaign Begins in Sacramento to Study Aging Aerosols Bookmark and Share Scientists will use measurements from the CARES campaign to examine how various gases and aerosol particles evolve and mix during the course of a day. Scientists will use measurements from the CARES campaign to examine how various gases and aerosol particles evolve and mix during the course of a day. Starting this week, dozens of researchers are on location in Sacramento for the Carbonaceous Aerosol and Radiative Effects Study, or CARES. Using a combination of more than 50 instruments at two ground sites and on two aircraft, the team will measure the evolution of black carbon and secondary aerosols in the Sacramento urban air plume. This information will lead to a

177

ARM - Feature Stories and Releases Article  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

July 8, 2013 [Feature Stories and Releases] July 8, 2013 [Feature Stories and Releases] Aerosol Research Heats Up During Summer Fire Season Bookmark and Share Smoke plumes rise from a forest fire. Smoke plumes rise from a forest fire. While the impacts of wildfires on people and the surrounding environment are apparent, the effect on the atmosphere from smoky soot particles-a type of aerosol-is much less so. Whether from grass, timber, or brush, each type of biological material releases its own sooty chemical signature that interacts differently with sunlight, clouds, and other particles in the sky. How does this mingling affect Earth's climate? Enter the Biomass Burning Observation Project, or BBOP. Beginning in July, scientists funded by the U.S. Department of Energy will maneuver a high-tech research aircraft into the plumes of wildfires to

178

ARM - Feature Stories and Releases Article  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

December 30, 2013 [Feature Stories and Releases] December 30, 2013 [Feature Stories and Releases] Pole Position: New Field Campaigns Explore Arctic and Antarctic Atmosphere Bookmark and Share Each year, the ARM Climate Research Facility receives proposals to use key components of the Facility for extended or intensive field campaigns to improve understanding of atmospheric processes that are relevant to regional and global climate. The Department of Energy has selected the following field campaigns that take place from 2014 through 2016. ARM West Antarctic Radiation Experiment (AWARE) McMurdo Station is a scientific outpost located on the southern tip of Ross Island, Antarctica. McMurdo Station is a scientific outpost located on the southern tip of Ross Island, Antarctica. West Antarctic is an area nearly devoid of atmospheric and climate

179

ARM - Feature Stories and Releases Article  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

August 13, 2012 [Feature Stories and Releases] August 13, 2012 [Feature Stories and Releases] Up Close and Personal at Cape Cod National Seashore Bookmark and Share Visitors make their way to the ARM Mobile Facility, located on a coastal bluff near the Highlands Center at Cape Cod National Seashore. Visitors make their way to the ARM Mobile Facility, located on a coastal bluff near the Highlands Center at Cape Cod National Seashore. Enjoying fair skies and ocean breezes, a large and enthusiastic crowd gathered at the Highlands Center at Cape Cod National Seashore in late July to officially kick off the year-long Two-Column Aerosol Project, or TCAP. About 50 area stakeholders, four staff from the Massachusetts federal and state Congressional delegations, and several DOE officials joined project partners from the ARM Facility and National Park Service (NPS) who

180

ARM - Feature Stories and Releases Article  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

May 13, 2009 [Feature Stories and Releases] May 13, 2009 [Feature Stories and Releases] Preparations Heat Up for Field Campaign in Chile Bookmark and Share Test period simulates daily operations for remote deployment in Atacama Desert Science and operations team members observe data transmitted from the weather balloon launched during training for RHUBC-II. Science and operations team members observe data transmitted from the weather balloon launched during training for RHUBC-II. At an elevation of more than 5000 meters on the Atacama Desert in Chile, the site for the second phase of the upcoming Radiative Heating in Underexplored Bands Campaign is not only very high, but also remote. To reduce the potential for surprises, the science and operations team completed a comprehensive beta test at the Pagosa Springs Staging Facility

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nearby offline features" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

ARM - Feature Stories and Releases Article  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

September 28, 2011 [Facility News, Feature Stories and Releases, September 28, 2011 [Facility News, Feature Stories and Releases, Publications] Pass the lotion; new study shows drying trend over Great Plains Bookmark and Share Analysis of infrared energy levels useful for similar evaluations at local scale Illustration of seasonal infrared energy trends observed at the ARM Southern Great Plains site between 1996 and 2010. Click on image to enlarge. Illustration of seasonal infrared energy trends observed at the ARM Southern Great Plains site between 1996 and 2010. Click on image to enlarge. In a study published this month in the Journal of Climate, researchers found less infrared energy reaching Earth's surface above the Great Plains region of the United States. This decrease in infrared energy is due to a decrease in the amount of water vapor and fewer clouds over this

182

ARM - Feature Stories and Releases Article  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8, 2009 [Facility News, Feature Stories and Releases] 8, 2009 [Facility News, Feature Stories and Releases] Thumbs-Up for Radar Design Reviews-Key Recovery Act Milestone Bookmark and Share Of the $60 million allocated to the ARM Climate Research Facility by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, nearly half that amount is designated for 18 new scanning radars as well as upgrades to the baseline ARM millimeter wave cloud radars (MMCR) located throughout the Facility. In November, ARM engineering staff led a series of preliminary design reviews with the radar vendors to discuss progress thus far. All participants agreed to move forward with the plans and detailed designs presented, marking the completion of a key milestone in achieving the Recovery Act deployment schedule. Kevin Widener Kevin Widener "This review gives us the first look of what the radar physically looks

183

ARM - Feature Stories and Releases Article  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9, 2010 [Feature Stories and Releases] 9, 2010 [Feature Stories and Releases] Mobile Facility Completes First Test at Sea Bookmark and Share Rich Coulter and Brad Orr, co-managers for the AMF2, install instruments on the bow of the RV Connecticut for operational testing in June. Rich Coulter and Brad Orr, co-managers for the AMF2, install instruments on the bow of the RV Connecticut for operational testing in June. In mid-June, the second ARM Mobile Facility, or AMF2, faced its first test on the open seas off the coast of Cape Cod, Massachusetts. Led by Rich Coulter, AMF2 co-manager from Argonne National Laboratory, the AMF2 team installed a subset of AMF2 instruments on the RV Connecticut to test their operation in a marine environment and to experience the potential problems likely to be encountered during a long-term shipboard deployment.

184

ARM - Feature Stories and Releases Article  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

January 6, 2010 [Feature Stories and Releases] January 6, 2010 [Feature Stories and Releases] Cirrus Clouds Hold Clues to Climate Bookmark and Share Research flights will obtain most comprehensive data set to-date for climate models Cirrus clouds can blanket the entire sky, so they obviously affect how the sun's energy is transferred between Earth and space. But how much? That's an important question for scientists grappling with future climate change scenarios. In January, scientists sponsored by the Department of Energy's Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility began a five-month aircraft campaign to gather data from cirrus clouds in the skies above Oklahoma. Using an instrumented research aircraft equipped with various probes and sensors, their goal is obtain a new and comprehensive

185

ARM - Feature Stories and Releases Article  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

October 17, 2013 [Feature Stories and Releases] October 17, 2013 [Feature Stories and Releases] New Climate Research Site in the Azores Fills Critical Data Gap Bookmark and Share Newly installed on Graciosa Island in the North Atlantic Ocean, instruments at this Department of Energy research site measure incoming and outgoing energy, clouds, aerosols, and precipitation for climate studies. Newly installed on Graciosa Island in the North Atlantic Ocean, instruments at this Department of Energy research site measure incoming and outgoing energy, clouds, aerosols, and precipitation for climate studies. How do atmospheric scientists study the flow of energy above the Atlantic Ocean? For starters, they need data-ideally on a continual basis. And that's exactly what they now have, thanks to a new climate research site

186

ARM - Feature Stories and Releases Article  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

23, 2008 [Feature Stories and Releases] 23, 2008 [Feature Stories and Releases] Field Campaigns for 2010 Range from the Arctic to the Azores Bookmark and Share With the recent awards, the ARM Mobile Facility deployment on Graciosa Island in the Azores is extended from its original 9-month duration, beginning in May 2009 and now lasting through November 2010. With the recent awards, the ARM Mobile Facility deployment on Graciosa Island in the Azores is extended from its original 9-month duration, beginning in May 2009 and now lasting through November 2010. The Department of Energy recently announced the selection of major ARM field campaigns that will take place in 2010. Studies led by principal investigators Rob Wood, Hans Verlinde, and Jay Mace will examine marine, mixed-phase, and cirrus clouds in the Azores, Alaska, the Great Plains, and

187

ARM - Feature Stories and Releases Article  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

February 26, 2007 [Feature Stories and Releases] February 26, 2007 [Feature Stories and Releases] Arctic Winter Provides Window of Opportunity to Improve Climate Models Bookmark and Share Dry winter conditions allows scientists to explore elusive portions of the electromagnetic spectrum Contact: Lynne Roeder, 509.372.4331 In conjunction with other scientific activities taking place during International Polar Year 2007-2008, today an international research team begins a three-week field campaign in Barrow, Alaska. The experiment, which is sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility, uses a new suite of sophisticated instruments to provide the first simultaneous high-resolution dataset of Arctic clear sky and cirrus cloud properties in the

188

ARM - Feature Stories and Releases Article  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

December 9, 2010 [Feature Stories and Releases] December 9, 2010 [Feature Stories and Releases] Scientists Begin 5-month Study of Cloud Life Cycles Bookmark and Share Instruments at four mountain sites gather data to improve climate models. For Immediate Release: Thursday, December 9, 2010 Just outside Thunderhead Lodge in the Steamboat Springs ski area, one of the ARM Mobile Facility sites hosts a scanning cloud radar and several other instruments. Just outside Thunderhead Lodge in the Steamboat Springs ski area, one of the ARM Mobile Facility sites hosts a scanning cloud radar and several other instruments. Steamboat Springs, Colorado - Ski season is snow season, and snow season means clouds-exactly what a team of atmospheric scientists in "Ski Town USA" are anticipating. For the next five months, a dense collection of

189

ARM - Feature Stories and Releases Article  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8, 2005 [Feature Stories and Releases] 8, 2005 [Feature Stories and Releases] International Climate Researchers Meet in U.S. to Simulate Flight Operations for Tropical Storm Cloud Experiment Bookmark and Share Press Release Media Contact: Lynne Roeder, 509.372.4331 Technical Contact: Mike Janes, 925.294.2447 The Southern Surveyor research vessel will be equipped with a full compliment of surface-based instrumentation for measuring atmospheric and oceanographic properties. The ship will also serve as one of the locations for launching radiosondes (weather balloons), as well as a surface site for measuring energy fluxes. The Southern Surveyor research vessel will be equipped with a full compliment of surface-based instrumentation for measuring atmospheric and oceanographic properties. The ship will also serve as one of the locations

190

ARM - Feature Stories and Releases Article  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

May 19, 2008 [Feature Stories and Releases] May 19, 2008 [Feature Stories and Releases] A Quest for Answers About Aerosols Bookmark and Share Data will enhance understanding of regional effects and global transport of aerosols Contact: Lynne Roeder, ARM Public Information Officer, 509.372.4331 The Pacific Rim includes countries and cities located around the edge of the Pacific Ocean. The Pacific Rim includes countries and cities located around the edge of the Pacific Ocean. Aerosols are tiny airborne particles, such as dust from farming and soot from industrial plants. Aerosols in China are very dense and have diverse properties which have been observed in the atmosphere across the Pacific Rim. The atmosphere over China provides a natural testbed for studying the climatic effects of aerosols, which the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate

191

ARM - Feature Stories and Releases Article  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

19, 2007 [Feature Stories and Releases] 19, 2007 [Feature Stories and Releases] Marked Improvements Shown in Global Weather Forecast Model Bookmark and Share Contact: Lynne Roeder, ARM Public Information Officer, 509.372.4331 Example of an ECMWF analysis. Example of an ECMWF analysis. One of the world's foremost weather forecast models is showing dramatic improvements thanks to the pairing of two recent advancements in the representation of radiative transfer in global weather and climate models. Developed with funding from the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program, the new components simulate the absorption and scattering of sunlight ("solar radiation") in the atmosphere and better represent small-scale cloud variability. Their application to the forecast model of the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) solves a

192

ARM - Feature Stories and Releases Article  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

February 15, 2013 [Feature Stories and Releases] February 15, 2013 [Feature Stories and Releases] A Homecoming Party at the Los Angeles Shipping Dock Bookmark and Share Department of Energy's mobile climate observatory completes its first extended marine operation Early this January, curious workers at the Los Angeles shipping dock watched as engineers using cranes unloaded radars and other equally fragile scientific instruments from a cargo ship, at times without even looking at how they were carrying out the operation. "It is a strange dance," laughs Nicki Hickmon, acknowledging but at the same time brushing aside any concerns one may have regarding impending catastrophes. "Our team works hard to secure everything, and with some luck and skilled contractors, we've avoided instrument mishaps," assures

193

Gender Recognition Based on Sift Features  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper proposes a robust approach for face detection and gender classification in color images. Previous researches about gender recognition suppose an expensive computational and time-consuming pre-processing step in order to alignment in which face images are aligned so that facial landmarks like eyes, nose, lips, chin are placed in uniform locations in image. In this paper, a novel technique based on mathematical analysis is represented in three stages that eliminates alignment step. First, a new color based face detection method is represented with a better result and more robustness in complex backgrounds. Next, the features which are invariant to affine transformations are extracted from each face using scale invariant feature transform (SIFT) method. To evaluate the performance of the proposed algorithm, experiments have been conducted by employing a SVM classifier on a database of face images which contains 500 images from distinct people with equal ratio of male and female.

Yousefi, Sahar

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Structural Features that Contribute to Market Power  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we report an experiment that examines a primary concern of policy makers: how a structural feature of electric power networks can contribute to the exercise of market power by well-positioned players in deregulated markets. One such feature is the distribution of ownership of a given set of generating assets. For example, two large firms could be allocated baseload and intermediate generators such that either firm would be willing to withhold unilaterally the capacity of its intermediate generators from the market, to benefit from the supra-competitive prices which would result from only selling its baseload units. Conversely, ownership of the some of the intermediate generators from each of these firms could be transferred to two other firms, so that no one firm can unilaterally restrict output to spawn supra-competitive prices.

Stephen J. Rassenti; Vernon L. Smith; Bart J. Wilson

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Semantic Features for Classifying Referring Search Terms  

SciTech Connect

When an internet user clicks on a result in a search engine, a request is submitted to the destination web server that includes a referrer field containing the search terms given by the user. Using this information, website owners can analyze the search terms leading to their websites to better understand their visitors needs. This work explores some of the features that can be used for classification-based analysis of such referring search terms. We present initial results for the example task of classifying HTTP requests countries of origin. A system that can accurately predict the country of origin from query text may be a valuable complement to IP lookup methods which are susceptible to the obfuscation of dereferrers or proxies. We suggest that the addition of semantic features improves classifier performance in this example application. We begin by looking at related work and presenting our approach. After describing initial experiments and results, we discuss paths forward for this work.

May, Chandler J.; Henry, Michael J.; McGrath, Liam R.; Bell, Eric B.; Marshall, Eric J.; Gregory, Michelle L.

2012-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

196

Pipeline response to nearby detonations  

SciTech Connect

Texas Gas Transmission Corp. has supplemented the findings of Southwest Research Institute's study of detonation-induced stresses on pipelines by applying SwRI's equations to actual field problems. Texas Gas used the blasting-stress equations to fix the minimum allowable stand-off distance and maximum particle velocities for strip-mining operations planned along a transmission line right-of-way. The ultimate goal was to ensure that the combined stresses of blasting and operating pressures would not exceed 72% of the pipe's specified minimum yield strength. These stress calculations enabled Texas Gas to maintain normal operating conditions throughout the time that overburden blasting was taking place 100-500 ft from the line.

Bart, G.J.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

INL featured in video presented at Copenhagen conference  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

INL featured in video presented at Copenhagen conference IDAHO FALLS Idaho National Laboratory footage and research are featured in a video presented at the World Climate...

198

Automation World Features New White Paper on Wireless Security...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Automation World Features New White Paper on Wireless Security Automation World Features New White Paper on Wireless Security The April 2009 issue of Automation World magazine...

199

A COMPARISON OF LIDAR GENERATED CHANNEL FEATURES WITH GROUND-SURVEYED CHANNEL FEATURES IN THE LITTLE CREEK WATERSHED.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Detecting change in stream channel features over time is important in understanding channel morphology and the effects of both natural and anthropogenic influences. Channel features (more)

Hilburn, Ryan M

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

The ARAUCARIA project: Deep near-infrared survey of nearby galaxies. I. The distance to the Large Magellanic Cloud from K-band photometry of red clump stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have obtained deep imaging in the near-infrared J and K bands for 2 nearby fields in the bar of the LMC with the ESO NTT telescope, under exquisite seeing conditions. The K, J-K color-magnitude diagrams constructed from these data are of outstanding photometric quality and reveal the presence of several hundreds of red clump stars. Using the calibration of Alves for the K-band absolute magnitude of Hipparcos-observed red clump stars in the solar neigbourhood we derive a distance modulus to our observed LMC fields of 18.487 mag. Applying a correction for the tilt of the LMC bar with respect to the line of sight according to the geometrical model of van der Marel et al., the corresponding LMC barycenter distance is 18.501 mag. If we adopt a K-band population correction of -0.03 mag, as done by Alves et al. 2002, to account for the difference in age and metallicity between the solar neighborhood and LMC red clump star populations, we obtain an LMC barycenter distance modulus of 18.471 mag from our data. This is in excellent agreement with the result of Alves et al., and of another very recent study of Sarajedini et al. (2002) obtained from K-band photometry. However, we emphasize that current model predictions about the uncertainties of population corrections seem to indicate that errors up to about 0.12 mag may be possible, probably in any photometric band. Therefore, work must continue to tighten the constraints on these corrections. We also determine the mean red clump star magnitude in our LMC fields in the J band, which could be a useful alternative to the K band should future work reveal that population effect corrections for red clump stars in the J band are smaller, or more reliably determined than those for the K band.

G. Pietrzynski; W. Gieren

2002-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nearby offline features" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

ENGINEERED BARRIER SYSTEM FEATURES, EVENTS AND PROCESSES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to evaluate and document the inclusion or exclusion of engineered barrier system (EBS) features, events, and processes (FEPs) with respect to models and analyses used to support the total system performance assessment for the license application (TSPA-LA). A screening decision, either Included or Excluded, is given for each FEP along with the technical basis for exclusion screening decisions. This information is required by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) at 10 CFR 63.114 (d, e, and f) [DIRS 173273]. The FEPs addressed in this report deal with those features, events, and processes relevant to the EBS focusing mainly on those components and conditions exterior to the waste package and within the rock mass surrounding emplacement drifts. The components of the EBS are the drip shield, waste package, waste form, cladding, emplacement pallet, emplacement drift excavated opening (also referred to as drift opening in this report), and invert. FEPs specific to the waste package, cladding, and drip shield are addressed in separate FEP reports: for example, ''Screening of Features, Events, and Processes in Drip Shield and Waste Package Degradation'' (BSC 2005 [DIRS 174995]), ''Clad Degradation--FEPs Screening Arguments (BSC 2004 [DIRS 170019]), and Waste-Form Features, Events, and Processes'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 170020]). For included FEPs, this report summarizes the implementation of the FEP in the TSPA-LA (i.e., how the FEP is included). For excluded FEPs, this analysis provides the technical basis for exclusion from TSPA-LA (i.e., why the FEP is excluded). This report also documents changes to the EBS FEPs list that have occurred since the previous versions of this report. These changes have resulted due to a reevaluation of the FEPs for TSPA-LA as identified in Section 1.2 of this report and described in more detail in Section 6.1.1. This revision addresses updates in Yucca Mountain Project (YMP) administrative procedures as they pertain to this report; the current procedures are addressed in Section 2. This revision also addresses updates to the technical basis in supporting analysis and model reports and corroborative documentation, as presented in Sections 4 and 6 of this report. Finally, Sections 4, 5, and 6 of this report provide additional information pertaining to the relevant FEPs-related Acceptance Criteria presented in ''Yucca Mountain Review Plan, Final Report'' (YMRP) (NRC 2003 [DIRS 163274], Sections 2.2.1.2.1.3 and 2.2.1.3.3.3).

Jaros, W.

2005-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

202

Feature extraction from large CAD databases using genetic algorithm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Syntactic recognition, Graph based method, expert systems and knowledge-based approach are the common feature recognition techniques available today. This work discusses a relatively newer concept of introduction of Genetic Algorithm for Features Recognition ... Keywords: Crossover, FEV representation, Feature recognition, Fitness function, Homologising, Hybrid approach, Offspring, Pocket feature, Search time, Solution path

Pralay Pal; A. M. Tigga; A Kumar

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Selecting highly optimal architectural feature sets with Filtered Cartesian Flattening  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feature modeling is a common method used to capture the variability in a configurable application. A key challenge developers face when using a feature model is determining how to select a set of features for a variant that simultaneously satisfy a series ... Keywords: Approximation algorithm, Feature modeling, Optimization, Resource constraints

Jules White; Brian Dougherty; Douglas C. Schmidt

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Waste Form Features, Events, and Processes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to evaluate and document the inclusion or exclusion of the waste form features, events and processes (FEPs) with respect to modeling used to support the Total System Performance Assessment for License Application (TSPA-LA). A screening decision, either Included or Excluded, is given for each FEP along with the technical bases for screening decisions. This information is required by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) in 10 CFR 63.114 (d, e, and f) [DIRS 156605]. The FEPs addressed in this report deal with the issues related to the degradation and potential failure of the waste form and the migration of the waste form colloids. For included FEPs, this analysis summarizes the implementation of the FEP in TSPA-LA, (i.e., how the FEP is included). For excluded FEPs, this analysis provides the technical bases for exclusion from TSPA-LA (i.e., why the FEP is excluded). This revision addresses the TSPA-LA FEP list (DTN: MO0407SEPFEPLA.000 [DIRS 170760]). The primary purpose of this report is to identify and document the analyses and resolution of the features, events, and processes (FEPs) associated with the waste form performance in the repository. Forty FEPs were identified that are associated with the waste form performance. This report has been prepared to document the screening methodology used in the process of FEP inclusion and exclusion. The analyses documented in this report are for the license application (LA) base case design (BSC 2004 [DIRS 168489]). In this design, a drip shield is placed over the waste package and no backfill is placed over the drip shield (BSC 2004 [DIRS 168489]). Each FEP may include one or more specific issues that are collectively described by a FEP name and a FEP description. The FEP description may encompass a single feature, process or event, or a few closely related or coupled processes if the entire FEP can be addressed by a single specific screening argument or TSPA-LA disposition. The FEPs are addressed in associated analysis or model reports. The assignments were based on the nature of the FEPs so that the analysis and resolution of screening decisions reside with the subject-matter experts in the relevant disciplines.

R. Schreiner

2004-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

205

THE SOLAR NEIGHBORHOOD. XXVIII. THE MULTIPLICITY FRACTION OF NEARBY STARS FROM 5 TO 70 AU AND THE BROWN DWARF DESERT AROUND M DWARFS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report on our analysis of Hubble Space Telescope/NICMOS snapshot high-resolution images of 255 stars in 201 systems within {approx}10 pc of the Sun. Photometry was obtained through filters F110W, F180M, F207M, and F222M using NICMOS Camera 2. These filters were selected to permit clear identification of cool brown dwarfs through methane contrast imaging. With a plate scale of 76 mas pixel{sup -1}, NICMOS can easily resolve binaries with subarcsecond separations in the 19.''5 Multiplication-Sign 19.''5 field of view. We previously reported five companions to nearby M and L dwarfs from this search. No new companions were discovered during the second phase of data analysis presented here, confirming that stellar/substellar binaries are rare. We establish magnitude and separation limits for which companions can be ruled out for each star in the sample, and then perform a comprehensive sensitivity and completeness analysis for the subsample of 138 M dwarfs in 126 systems. We calculate a multiplicity fraction of 0.0{sup +3.5}{sub -0.0}% for L companions to M dwarfs in the separation range of 5-70 AU, and 2.3{sup +5.0}{sub -0.7}% for L and T companions to M dwarfs in the separation range of 10-70 AU. We also discuss trends in the color-magnitude diagrams using various color combinations and present astrometry for 19 multiple systems in our sample. Considering these results and results from several other studies, we argue that the so-called brown dwarf desert extends to binary systems with low-mass primaries and is largely independent of primary mass, mass ratio, and separations. While focusing on companion properties, we discuss how the qualitative agreement between observed companion mass functions and initial mass functions suggests that the paucity of brown dwarfs in either population may be due to a common cause and not due to binary formation mechanisms.

Dieterich, Sergio B.; Henry, Todd J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA 30302-4106 (United States); Golimowski, David A. [Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Krist, John E. [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States); Tanner, Angelle M., E-mail: dieterich@chara.gsu.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Mississippi State University, Starkville, MS 39762 (United States)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

206

Method of identifying features in indexed data  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is a method of identifying features in indexed data, especially useful for distinguishing signal from noise in data provided as a plurality of ordered pairs. Each of the plurality of ordered pairs has an index and a response. The method has the steps of: (a) providing an index window having a first window end located on a first index and extending across a plurality of indices to a second window end; (b) selecting responses corresponding to the plurality of indices within the index window and computing a measure of dispersion of the responses; and (c) comparing the measure of dispersion to a dispersion critical value. Advantages of the present invention include minimizing signal to noise ratio, signal drift, varying baseline signal and combinations thereof.

Jarman, Kristin H. (Richland, WA); Daly, Don Simone (Richland, WA); Anderson, Kevin K. (Richland, WA); Wahl, Karen L. (Richland, WA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

1999 Commercial Buildings Characteristics--Conservation Features and  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Conservation Features and Practices Conservation Features and Practices Topics: Energy Sources and End Uses End-Use Equipment Conservation Features and Practices Conservation Features and Practices The 1999 CBECS collected information about HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning) system, building shell, and lighting conservation features and practices plus information on off-hour reduction of end-use equipment. In general, commercial buildings that were larger than average were more likely to have used these conservation features or measures. Detailed tables HVAC Conservation Features and Practices Among HVAC conservation features and practices, commercial buildings owners and managers widely performed maintenance on their HVAC systems (Figure 1). Approximately the same percentage of buildings and floorspace were served by other HVAC conservation features.

208

Richards Barrier LA Reference Design Feature Evaluation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Richards Barrier is one of the design features of the repository to be considered for the License Application (LA), Richards was a soil scientist who first described the diversion of moisture between two materials with different hydrologic properties. In this report, a Richards Barrier is a special type of backfill with a fine-grained material (such as sand) overlaying a coarse-grained material (such as gravel). Water that enters an emplacement drift will first encounter the fine-grained material and be transported around the coarse-grained material covering the waste package, thus protecting the waste package from contact with most of the groundwater. The objective of this report is to discuss the benefits and liabilities to the repository by the inclusion of a Richards Barrier type backfill in emplacement drifts. The Richards Barrier can act as a barrier to water flow, can reduce the waste package material dissolution rate, limit mobilization of the radionuclides, and can provide structural protection for the waste package. The scope of this report is to: (1) Analyze the behavior of barrier materials following the intrusion of groundwater for influxes of 1 to 300 mm per year. The report will demonstrate diversion of groundwater intrusions into the barrier over an extended time period when seismic activity and consolidation may cause the potential for liquefaction and settlement of the Richards Barrier. (2) Review the thermal effects of the Richards Barrier on material behavior. (3) Analyze the effect of rockfall on the performance of the Richards Barrier and the depth of the barrier required to protect waste packages under the barrier. (4) Review radiological and heating conditions on placement of multiple layers of the barrier. Subsurface Nuclear Safety personnel will perform calculations to determine the radiation reduction-time relationship and shielding capacity of the barrier. (5) Evaluate the effects of ventilation on cooling of emplacement drifts and dusting potential. (6) Evaluate drift conditions and configurations to determine the suitability of Richards Barrier installation methodology. (7) Perform cost assessment of barrier material placement. (8) Evaluate the feature with criteria that will be supplied by the License Application Design Selection (LADS) Team. (9) Comment on the use of depleted uranium as a Richards Barrier material.

N.E. Kramer

1999-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

209

On the semantics of phi features on pronouns  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis investigates three topics relating to the semantics of phi features on pronouns. Part I focuses on gender features on pronouns. Following previous studies (Cooper 1983, Heim & Kratzer 1998), I claim that they ...

Sudo, Yasutada, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

A Stochastic Algorithm for Feature Selection in Pattern Recognition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We introduce a new model addressing feature selection from a large dictionary of variables that can be computed from a signal or an image. Features are extracted according to an efficiency criterion, on the basis of specified classification or recognition ...

Sbastien Gadat; Laurent Younes

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

ARPA-E Announces 2012 Energy Innovation Summit Featuring Bill...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Announces 2012 Energy Innovation Summit Featuring Bill Gates, Fred Smith and Lee Scott ARPA-E Announces 2012 Energy Innovation Summit Featuring Bill Gates, Fred Smith and Lee Scott...

212

New Features of the Edison XC30 - Differences from Hopper  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New Features of the Edison XC30 New Features of the Edison XC30 - Differences from Hopper While the Edison and Hopper systems have similar programming environments and software,...

213

A Climatological Perspective of Transient Synoptic Features during NAME 2004  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This note provides a first look at a recently developed long-term climatology of transient synoptic features in northern Mexico. Key features investigated include inverted troughs, cutoff lows, cold fronts, and open troughs (westerly short waves)...

Arthur V. Douglas; Phillip J. Englehart

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Features, Events, and Processes: system Level  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this analysis report is to evaluate and document the inclusion or exclusion of the system-level features, events, and processes (FEPs) with respect to modeling used to support the total system performance assessment for the license application (TSPA-LA). A screening decision, either Included or Excluded, is given for each FEP along with the technical basis for screening decisions. This information is required by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) at 10 CFR 63.113 (d, e, and f) (DIRS 156605). The system-level FEPs addressed in this report typically are overarching in nature, rather than being focused on a particular process or subsystem. As a result, they are best dealt with at the system level rather than addressed within supporting process-level or subsystem-level analyses and models reports. The system-level FEPs also tend to be directly addressed by regulations, guidance documents, or assumptions listed in the regulations; or are addressed in background information used in development of the regulations. For included FEPs, this analysis summarizes the implementation of the FEP in the TSPA-LA (i.e., how the FEP is included). For excluded FEPs, this analysis provides the technical basis for exclusion from the TSPA-LA (i.e., why the FEP is excluded). The initial version of this report (Revision 00) was developed to support the total system performance assessment for site recommendation (TSPA-SR). This revision addresses the license application (LA) FEP List (DIRS 170760).

D. McGregor

2004-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

215

Features of the Java commodity grid kit.  

SciTech Connect

In this paper we report on the features of the Java Commodity Grid Kit (Java CoG Kit). The Java CoG Kit provides middleware for accessing Grid functionality from the Java framework. Java CoG Kit middleware is general enough to design a variety of advanced Grid applications with quite different user requirements. Access to the Grid is established via Globus Toolkit protocols, allowing the Java CoG Kit to also communicate with the services distributed as part of the C Globus Toolkit reference implementation. Thus, the Java CoG Kit provides Grid developers with the ability to utilize the Grid, as well as numerous additional libraries and frameworks developed by the Java community to enable network, Internet, enterprise and peer-to-peer computing. A variety of projects have successfully used the client libraries of the Java CoG Kit to access Grids driven by the C Globus Toolkit software. In this paper we also report on the efforts to develop serverside Java CoG Kit components. As part of this research we have implemented a prototype pure Java resource management system that enables one to run Grid jobs on platforms on which a Java virtual machine is supported, including Windows NT machines.

von Laszewski, G.; Gawor, J.; Lane, P.; Rehn, N.; Russell, M.; Mathematics and Computer Science

2002-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Design features for decontamination in new plutonium facilities  

SciTech Connect

Specific features for preventing, containing, controlling, and removing contamination in the Plutonium Recovery and Waste Treatment Facility are outlined. (LK)

Freiberg, K.J.; Haynes, C.G.

1975-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Temporal features in TV news and weather forecasts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper is aimed at investigating the specific features of temporal component as manifested in authentic TV speech

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Real-time rendering of textures with feature curves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The standard bilinear interpolation on normal maps results in visual artifacts along sharp features, which are common for surfaces with creases, wrinkles, and dents. In many cases, spatially varying features, like the normals near discontinuity curves, ... Keywords: Curvilinear feature rendering, GPU algorithms, distance function, normal mapping, resolution independence

Evgueni Parilov; Denis Zorin

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Pairwise feature-interaction testing for SPLs: potentials and limitations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A fundamental problem of testing Software Product Lines (SPLs) is that variability enables the production of a large number of instances and it is difficult to construct and run test cases even for SPLs with a small number of variable features. ... Keywords: combinatorial testing, feature interaction, feature model, model-based testing, product lines, reusable test model

Sebastian Oster; Marius Zink; Malte Lochau; Mark Grechanik

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Red Opal: product-feature scoring from reviews  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Online shoppers are generally highly task-driven: they have a certain goal in mind, and they are looking for a product with features that are consistent with that goal. Unfortunately, finding a product with specific features is extremely time-consuming ... Keywords: e-commerce, feature extraction, product reviews, search

Christopher Scaffidi; Kevin Bierhoff; Eric Chang; Mikhael Felker; Herman Ng; Chun Jin

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nearby offline features" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Category:Relict Geothermal Features | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Category Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Category:Relict Geothermal Features Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Category:Relict Geothermal Features Geothermalpower.jpg Looking for the Relict Geothermal Features page? For detailed information on Relict Geothermal Features, click here. Pages in category "Relict Geothermal Features" The following 13 pages are in this category, out of 13 total. A Alunite Argillic-Advanced Argillic Alteration C Carbonate Deposition H Hydrothermal Alteration Hydrothermal Deposition H cont. Hydrothermally Altered Rock Hydrothermally Deposited Rock L Leach Capping

222

A detection of bright features in the microwave background  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report the characterization of bright, compact features in the cosmic microwave background radiation (CMBR) detected during the June 1992 and June 1994 balloon flights of the Medium Scale Anisotropy Measurement (MSAM1-92 and MSAM1-94, respectively). Spectral flux densities are determined for each feature at 5.7, 9.3, and 16.5 cm^{-1}. No viable counterparts for these features were found in source catalogs at 5 GHz or at 100 \\mum. The measured spectrum of each feature is consistent with a temperature fluctuation in the CMBR. The existence of these features is consistent with adiabatic fluctuation models of anisotropy in the CMBR.

Kowitt, M S; Cottingham, D A; Fixsen, D J; Inman, C A; Meyer, S; Page, L A; Puchalla, J L; Ruhl, J E; Silverberg, R F

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Efficient Computation of Topological Features from Point Data and Shapes |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Efficient Computation of Topological Features from Point Data and Shapes Efficient Computation of Topological Features from Point Data and Shapes January 16, 2014 10:30AM to 11:30AM Presenter Fengtao Fan, Postdoc Interviewee Location Building 240, Room 1404-1405 Type Seminar Series Abstract: The topological features of an object are features which are preserved while continuously deforming the object. Examples are the dimension of an object and the number of holes in it. In contrast, the geometric features of an object such as its volume can dramatically change under such deformations. The robustness of topological features makes them more appealing for analyzing objects in the presence of noise, which is inevitable in practice. Researchers in various areas such as topological data analysis, computer graphics, visualization, and sensor networks have

224

NNSA Mission Featured on NPR | National Nuclear Security Administratio...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

By NNSA Public Affairs NNSA Blog NNSA's successful removal of all remaining highly enriched uranium (HEU) from Ukraine was featured on NPR's "All Things Considered" this past...

225

Intrinsic Feature-Based Pose Measurement for Medical Imaging ...  

Tracking is done without using extrinsic markers, fiducials, or other added features. Optical images are acquired from two or more cameras with infrared or visible

226

Sandia technologist Richard Simpson featured for helping solve Sandia's  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

technologist Richard Simpson featured for helping solve Sandia's technologist Richard Simpson featured for helping solve Sandia's unique problems | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > Sandia technologist Richard Simpson featured for helping ... Sandia technologist Richard Simpson featured for helping solve Sandia's unique problems

227

title Brookhaven National Laboratory Inside RHIC News Features...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Inside RHIC News Features title description Brookhaven National Laboratory conducts research in the physical biomedical and environmental sciences as well as in energy technologies...

228

VEHICLE SPECIFICATIONS Vehicle Features Base Vehicle: 2010 Volkswagen  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Golf TDI Bluemotion VIN: WVWZZZ1KZAW388111 Seatbelt Positions: 5 Standard Features: Air Conditioning Power Locks Power Steering Power Brakes Power Windows Cruise Control...

229

Health Physics journal features U.S. radiological response to...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Physics journal features U.S. radiological response to Fukushima accident | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation...

230

US Department of Energy Promotes Special Earth Week Feature on...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

-- energy.gov -- will be immediately directed to a special web feature giving them key energy saving tips and user-friendly information about the critical emerging technologies...

231

Querying for Feature Extraction and Visualization in Climate Modeling  

SciTech Connect

The ultimate goal of data visualization is to clearly portray features relevant to the problem being studied. This goal can be realized only if users can effectively communicate to the visualization software what features are of interest. To this end, we describe in this paper two query languages used by scientists to locate and visually emphasize relevant data in both space and time. These languages offer descriptive feedback and interactive refinement of query parameters, which are essential in any framework supporting queries of arbitrary complexity. We apply these languages to extract features of interest from climate model results and describe how they support rapid feature extraction from large datasets.

Johnson, C. Ryan [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Glatter, Markus [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Kendall, Wesley [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Huang, Jian [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Hoffman, Forrest M [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

PPPL featured as DOE celebrates turning 35 | Princeton Plasma...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

featured as DOE celebrates turning 35 October 5, 2012 Tweet Widget Facebook Like Google Plus One 35 Years at the Department of Energy (Flickr Photostream)...

233

Microsoft Windows Server 2003 security enhancements and new features .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this thesis is to discuss the new features and enhancements of Windows Server 2003. Windows NT and Windows 2000 were known to (more)

Montehermoso, Ronald Centeno.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Radio-adaptive regimen attenuates features of cellular senescence  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Radio-Adaptive Regimen Attenuates Features of Cellular Senescence Albert Davalos Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Abstract Recent work from several laboratories suggest that...

235

Reconstruction and Identification of Features in Planar and  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... born--Columbus, Ohio 1981-1983 . ... compared to as medical tomography, does not have ... important features, and then do subsequent processing on ...

236

A Bayesian feature selection paradigm for text classification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The automated classification of texts into predefined categories has witnessed a booming interest, due to the increased availability of documents in digital form and the ensuing need to organize them. An important problem for text classification is feature ... Keywords: Bayesian feature selection, Metropolis search, Mixture model, Text classification

Guozhong Feng; Jianhua Guo; Bing-Yi Jing; Lizhu Hao

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Randomized locality sensitive vocabularies for bag-of-features model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Visual vocabulary construction is an integral part of the popular Bag-of-Features (BOF) model. When visual data scale up (in terms of the dimensionality of features or/and the number of samples), most existing algorithms (e.g. k-means) become unfavorable ...

Yadong Mu; Ju Sun; Tony X. Han; Loong-Fah Cheong; Shuicheng Yan

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Turkish constituent chunking with morphological and contextual features  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

State-of-the-art phrase chunking focuses on English and shows high accuracy with very basic word features such as the word itself and the POS tag. In case of morphologically rich languages like Turkish, basic features are not sufficient. Moreover, phrase ...

?lknur Durgar El-Kahlout, Ahmet Af??n Ak?n

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Computer Hard Drive Geolocation by HTTP Feature Extraction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

files of a set of computers acquired in China, part of a larger research data set of real user data [10Computer Hard Drive Geolocation by HTTP Feature Extraction Technical Report UCSC-SSRC-12-04 May://www.ssrc.ucsc.edu/ #12;Computer Hard Drive Geolocation by HTTP Feature Extraction Ziqian Wan Sichuan University Alex J

Miller, Ethan L.

240

Cross-lingual information retrieval by feature vectors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates query translation in cross-lingual information retrieval, especially the challenges caused by ambiguity and polysemi. We base our ideas on feature vectors and our method uses context during the translation of queries. Achieving ... Keywords: cross-lingual information retrieval, feature vector, query expansion

Jeanine Lilleng; Stein L. Tomassen

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nearby offline features" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Feature Extraction Based on Maximum Nearest Subspace Margin Criterion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Based on the classification rule of sparse representation-based classification (SRC) and linear regression classification (LRC), we propose the maximum nearest subspace margin criterion for feature extraction. The proposed method can be seen as a preprocessing ... Keywords: Dimensionality reduction, Face recognition, Feature extraction, Finger knuckle print recognition, Linear regression classification

Yi Chen; Zhenzhen Li; Zhong Jin

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Feature-based clustering for electricity use time series data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Time series clustering has been shown effective in providing useful information in various applications. This paper presents an efficient computational method for time series clustering and its application focusing creation of more accurate electricity ... Keywords: electricity distribution, electricity use data, feature extraction, feature-based clustering, load curves, time series clustering

Teemu Rsnen; Mikko Kolehmainen

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Dominant Feature Identification for Industrial Fault Detection and Isolation Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fault Detection and Isolation (FDI) is crucial to reduce production costs and down-time in industrial machines. In this paper, we show how to find a reduced feature subset which is optimal in both estimation and clustering least square errors using a ... Keywords: Least Square Error (LSE), Neural Network (NN), Principal Component Analysis (PCA), Principal Feature Analysis (PFA), Singular Value Decomposition (SVD)

Jun-Hong Zhou; Chee Khiang Pang; Frank L. Lewis; Zhao-Wei Zhong

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Classification of raster maps for automatic feature extraction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Raster maps are widely available and contain useful geographic features such as labels and road lines. To extract the geographic features, most research work relies on a manual step to first extract the foreground pixels from the maps using the distinctive ... Keywords: color histogram, color moments, color-coherence vectors, content-based image retrieval, image similarity, luminance-boundary histogram, raster map classification

Yao-Yi Chiang; Craig A. Knoblock

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

ADAPTIVE CONDITIONAL PRONUNCIATION MODELING USING ARTICULATORY FEATURES FOR SPEAKER VERIFICATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology¥ Dept. of Electrical and a conventional spectral-based system achieves a signifi- cantly lower error rate than that of the individual-level features, such as the usage or duration of particular words, prosodic features, etc., for speaker

Mak, Man-Wai

246

Automatic texture feature selection for image pixel classification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pixel-based texture classifiers and segmenters are typically based on the combination of texture feature extraction methods that belong to a single family (e.g., Gabor filters). However, combining texture methods from different families has proven to ... Keywords: Multiple evaluation windows, Multiple texture methods, Supervised texture classification, Texture feature selection

Domenec Puig; Miguel Angel Garcia

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

On the role of morphosyntactic features in Hindi dependency parsing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper analyzes the relative importance of different linguistic features for data-driven dependency parsing of Hindi, using a feature pool derived from two state-of-the-art parsers. The analysis shows that the greatest gain in accuracy comes from ...

Bharat Ram Ambati; Samar Husain; Joakim Nivre; Rajeev Sangal

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Magnetic mirror fusion systems: Characteristics and distinctive features  

SciTech Connect

A tutorial account is given of the main characteristics and distinctive features of conceptual magnetic fusion systems employing the magnetic mirror principle. These features are related to the potential advantages that mirror-based fusion systems may exhibit for the generation of economic fusion power.

Post, R.F.

1987-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

249

Property:ModernGeoFeatures | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ModernGeoFeatures ModernGeoFeatures Jump to: navigation, search Property Name ModernGeoFeatures Property Type Page Description Describes modern surface manifestations present in vicinity of the resource area (e.g. hot springs, fumaroles, mudpots, geysers). See also Modern_Geothermal_Features This is a property of type Page. Subproperties This property has the following 12 subproperties: B Beowawe Hot Springs Geothermal Area Brady Hot Springs Geothermal Area D Desert Peak Geothermal Area H Heber Geothermal Area L Lightning Dock Geothermal Area R Raft River Geothermal Area Roosevelt Hot Springs Geothermal Area S Salton Sea Geothermal Area San Emidio Desert Geothermal Area S cont. Soda Lake Geothermal Area Steamboat Springs Geothermal Area Stillwater Geothermal Area Pages using the property "ModernGeoFeatures"

250

Digital Mapping Of Structurally Controlled Geothermal Features With GPS  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Digital Mapping Of Structurally Controlled Geothermal Features With GPS Digital Mapping Of Structurally Controlled Geothermal Features With GPS Units And Pocket Computers Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Digital Mapping Of Structurally Controlled Geothermal Features With GPS Units And Pocket Computers Abstract Hand-held global positioning system (GPS) units and pocket personal computers (PCs) were used to map surface geothermal features at the Bradys Hot Springs and Salt Wells geothermal systems, Churchill County, Nevada, in less time and with greater accuracy than would have been possible with conventional mapping methods. Geothermal features that were mapped include fumaroles, mud pots, warm ground, sinter, and a variety of silicified rocks. In both areas, the digital mapping was able to resolve structural

251

Nature Climate Change features Los Alamos forest research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nature Climate Change Features Forest Research Nature Climate Change Features Forest Research Nature Climate Change features Los Alamos forest research The print issue features as its cover story the tree-stress research of LANL scientist A. Park Williams and partners from the U.S. Geological Survey, University of Arizona and several other organizations. February 27, 2013 Burned trees in the Jemez Mountains of New Mexico after the 2011 Las Conchas fire. Image by Craig D. Allen, USGS. Burned trees in the Jemez Mountains of New Mexico after the 2011 Las Conchas fire. Image by Craig D. Allen, USGS. Contact Nancy Ambrosiano Communications Office (505) 667-0471 Email New print edition of journal tags tree-stress project for cover story LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Feb. 27, 2013-The print issue of the journal Nature Climate Change released this week features as its cover story the

252

NNSA Mission Featured on NPR | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Mission Featured on NPR | National Nuclear Security Administration Mission Featured on NPR | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > NNSA Mission Featured on NPR NNSA Mission Featured on NPR Posted By NNSA Public Affairs NNSA Blog NNSA's successful removal of all remaining highly enriched uranium (HEU) from Ukraine was featured on NPR's "All Things Considered" this past

253

Digital Mapping Of Structurally Controlled Geothermal Features With Gps  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Digital Mapping Of Structurally Controlled Geothermal Features With Gps Digital Mapping Of Structurally Controlled Geothermal Features With Gps Units And Pocket Computers Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: Digital Mapping Of Structurally Controlled Geothermal Features With Gps Units And Pocket Computers Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Hand-held global positioning system (GPS) units and pocket personal computers (PCs) were used to map surface geothermal features at the Bradys Hot Springs and Salt Wells geothermal systems, Churchill County, Nevada, in less time and with greater accuracy than would have been possible with conventional mapping methods. Geothermal features that were mapped include fumaroles, mud pots, warm ground, sinter, and a variety of silicified rocks. In both areas, the digital mapping was able to resolve

254

High-resolution Urban Image Classification Using Extended Features  

SciTech Connect

High-resolution image classification poses several challenges because the typical object size is much larger than the pixel resolution. Any given pixel (spectral features at that location) by itself is not a good indicator of the object it belongs to without looking at the broader spatial footprint. Therefore most modern machine learning approaches that are based on per-pixel spectral features are not very effective in high- resolution urban image classification. One way to overcome this problem is to extract features that exploit spatial contextual information. In this study, we evaluated several features in- cluding edge density, texture, and morphology. Several machine learning schemes were tested on the features extracted from a very high-resolution remote sensing image and results were presented.

Vatsavai, Raju [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Science.gov, Now with Multimedia, New Search Features, Spanish...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

October 9, 2012 Science.gov, Now with Multimedia, New Search Features, Spanish Translations Spanish Version Debuted Oak Ridge, TN - Science.gov, the gateway to U.S. federal science...

256

Combining Object and Feature Dynamics in Probabilistic Tracking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Objects can exhibit different dynamics at different scales, a property that isoftenexploited by visual tracking algorithms. A local dynamicmodel is typically used to extract image features that are then used as inputsto a ...

Taycher, Leonid

2005-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

257

Discriminative features in reversible stochastic attribute-value grammars  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reversible stochastic attribute-value grammars (de Kok et al., 2011) use one model for parse disambiguation and fluency ranking. Such a model encodes preferences with respect to syntax, fluency, and appropriateness of logical forms, as weighted features. ...

Danil de Kok

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Discrete Feature Approach for Heterogeneous Reservoir Production Enhancement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The report presents summaries of technology development for discrete feature modeling in support of the improved oil recovery (IOR) for heterogeneous reservoirs. In addition, the report describes the demonstration of these technologies at project study sites.

Dershowitz, William S.; Curran, Brendan; Einstein, Herbert; LaPointe, Paul; Shuttle, Dawn; Klise, Kate

2002-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

259

Property:RelictGeoFeatures | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

RelictGeoFeatures RelictGeoFeatures Jump to: navigation, search Property Name RelictGeoFeatures Property Type String Description Describes evidence of ancient surface manifestations in the vicinity of the resource area (e.g. hydrothermally altered rock, hydrothermally deposited rock) This is a property of type Page. Subproperties This property has the following 8 subproperties: B Beowawe Hot Springs Geothermal Area Brady Hot Springs Geothermal Area D Desert Peak Geothermal Area L Lightning Dock Geothermal Area R Roosevelt Hot Springs Geothermal Area S San Emidio Desert Geothermal Area Soda Lake Geothermal Area S cont. Steamboat Springs Geothermal Area Pages using the property "RelictGeoFeatures" Showing 9 pages using this property. A Amedee Geothermal Area + Hydrothermal Deposition +

260

Storm Morphology and Rainfall Characteristics of TRMM Precipitation Features  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Precipitation Radar (PR), TRMM Microwave Imager (TMI), and Visible and Infrared Scanner (VIRS) observations within the Precipitation Feature (PF) database have been analyzed to examine regional ...

Stephen W. Nesbitt; Robert Cifelli; Steven A. Rutledge

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nearby offline features" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Learning Feature Weights from Customer Return-Set Selections  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes LCW, a procedure for learning customer preferences represented as feature weights by observing customers' selections from return sets. An empirical evaluation on simulated customer behavior indicated that uninformed hypotheses about customer weights lead to low ranking accuracy unless customers place some importance on almost all features or the total number of features is quite small. In contrast, LCW's estimate of the mean preferences of a customer population improved as the number of customers increased, even for larger numbers of features of widely differing importance. This improvement in the estimate of mean customer preferences led to improved prediction of individual customer's rankings, irrespective of the extent of variation among customers and whether a single or multiple retrievals were permitted. The experimental results suggest that the return set that optimizes benefit may be smaller for customer populations with little variation than for customer populations with wide variation.

L. Karl Branting

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

VEHICLE SPECIFICATIONS Vehicle Features Base Vehicle: 2011 Hyundai  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Hyundai Sonata VIN: KMEHC4A43BA004932 Seatbelt Positions: 5 Standard Features: Air Conditioning Power Locks Power Steering Power Brakes Power Windows Cruise Control Front Disc...

263

l1 regularization in infinite dimensional feature spaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we discuss the problem of fitting l1 regularized prediction models in infinite (possibly non-countable) dimensional feature spaces. Our main contributions are: a. Deriving a generalization of l1 regularization ...

Saharon Rosset; Grzegorz Swirszcz; Nathan Srebro; Ji Zhu

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Bring Your Green to Work: Video featuring Danny Seo | ENERGY...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Green to Work: Video featuring Danny Seo Green guru Danny Seo tells viewers how to save energy in buildings Join green guru Danny Seo behind the scenes of an ENERGY STAR...

265

Extending the entity grid with entity-specific features  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We extend the popular entity grid representation for local coherence modeling. The grid abstracts away information about the entities it models; we add discourse prominence, named entity type and coreference features to distinguish between important ...

Micha Eisner; Eugene Charniak

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

A graphical user interface for feature-based opinion mining  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we present XOpin, a graphical user interface that have been developed to provide a smart access to the results of a feature-based opinion detection system, build on top of a parser.

Pedro Balage Filho; Caroline Brun; Gilbert Rondeau

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Pre-Show Report and Features on Selected Exhibitors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nov 22, 2010 ... Pre-Show Report and Features on Selected .... about 12,000MT equivalent of coal and reduce 32,000MT of CO2 emission. Because of this...

268

Physical and Chemical Features of Pretreated Biomass that Influence...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Physical and Chemical Features of Pretreated Biomass that Influence Macro-Micro-accessibility and Biological Processing Rajeev Kumar 1,3 and Charles E. Wyman 1,2,3 1 Center for...

269

GOOGLE EARTH QUICK GUIDE (1)Google Earth Features  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GOOGLE EARTH QUICK GUIDE (1)Google Earth Features The Google Earth of the Google Earth window. Often when opening up the Google Earth program, the view Bar Controls View Screen #12;GOOGLE EARTH QUICK GUIDE Controls. The following

Smith-Konter, Bridget

270

Features of Westerly Waves Propagating over Southern Africa during Summer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Middle latitude westerly waves skirting the southern tip of Africa during summer were examined for consistent features. Composite, upper air rawind soundings for two independent cases were analyzed. The thermodynamic and dynamic fields were ...

Bruce Kelbe

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Speaker verification in noisy environment using missing feature approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to handle speech signals corrupted by noise in speaker verification and provide robustness to systems, this paper evaluates the use of missing feature (MF) approach with a novel combination of techniques. A mask estimation based on spectral ...

Dayana Ribas; Jess A. Villalba; Eduardo Lleida; Jos R. Calvo

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Scalable Feature Mining for Sequential Data Mitsubishi Electric Research Lab.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scalable Feature Mining for Sequential Data Neal Lesh Mitsubishi Electric Research Lab. 201, DNA sequences, web usage data, multi­player games, and plan execution traces. In sequential domains

Zaki, Mohammed Javeed

273

A Regional Model Study of Synoptic Features over West Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Synoptic weather features over West Africa were studied in simulations by the regional simulation model (RM) at the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies. These pioneering simulations represent the beginning of an effort to adapt regional ...

Leonard M. Druyan; Matthew Fulakeza; Patrick Lonergan; Mahaman Saloum

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Search for multifractal features in Cherenkov arrival time  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Extensive air shower products are fractal in nature. Both simulated and experimental Cherenkov images display multifractal properties. In this paper we explore the possibility of searching multifractal features in Cherenkov arrival times.

A. Razdan

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

An adaptive keyboard with personalized language-based features  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Our research is about an adaptive keyboard, which autonomously adjusts its predictive features and key displays to current user input. We used personalized word prediction to improve the performance of such a system. Prediction using common English dictionary ...

Siska Fitrianie; Leon J. M. Rothkrantz

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Feature-Based Statistical Analysis of Combustion Simulation Data  

SciTech Connect

We present a new framework for feature-based statistical analysis of large-scale scientific data and demonstrate its effectiveness by analyzing features from Direct Numerical Simulations (DNS) of turbulent combustion. Turbulent flows are ubiquitous and account for transport and mixing processes in combustion, astrophysics, fusion, and climate modeling among other disciplines. They are also characterized by coherent structure or organized motion, i.e. nonlocal entities whose geometrical features can directly impact molecular mixing and reactive processes. While traditional multi-point statistics provide correlative information, they lack nonlocal structural information, and hence, fail to provide mechanistic causality information between organized fluid motion and mixing and reactive processes. Hence, it is of great interest to capture and track flow features and their statistics together with their correlation with relevant scalar quantities, e.g. temperature or species concentrations. In our approach we encode the set of all possible flow features by pre-computing merge trees augmented with attributes, such as statistical moments of various scalar fields, e.g. temperature, as well as length-scales computed via spectral analysis. The computation is performed in an efficient streaming manner in a pre-processing step and results in a collection of meta-data that is orders of magnitude smaller than the original simulation data. This meta-data is sufficient to support a fully flexible and interactive analysis of the features, allowing for arbitrary thresholds, providing per-feature statistics, and creating various global diagnostics such as Cumulative Density Functions (CDFs), histograms, or time-series. We combine the analysis with a rendering of the features in a linked-view browser that enables scientists to interactively explore, visualize, and analyze the equivalent of one terabyte of simulation data. We highlight the utility of this new framework for combustion science; however, it is applicable to many other science domains.

Bennett, J; Krishnamoorthy, V; Liu, S; Grout, R; Hawkes, E; Chen, J; Pascucci, V; Bremer, P T

2011-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

277

Improvements in intrinsic feature pose measurement for awake animal imaging  

SciTech Connect

Development has continued with intrinsic feature optical motion tracking for awake animal imaging to measure 3D position and orientation (pose) for motion compensated reconstruction. Prior imaging results have been directed towards head motion measurement for SPECT brain studies in awake unrestrained mice. This work improves on those results in extracting and tracking intrinsic features from multiple camera images and computing pose changes from the tracked features over time. Previously, most motion tracking for 3D imaging has been limited to measuring extrinsic features such as retro-reflective markers applied to an animal's head. While this approach has been proven to be accurate, the use of external markers is undesirable for several reasons. The intrinsic feature approach has been further developed from previous work to provide full pose measurements for a live mouse scan. Surface feature extraction, matching, and pose change calculation with point tracking and accuracy results are described. Experimental pose calculation and 3D reconstruction results from live images are presented.

J.S. Goddard, J.S. Baba, S.J. Lee, A.G. Weisenberger, A. Stolin, J. McKisson, M.F. Smith

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

THE ENVIRONMENTAL DEPENDENCE OF THE INCIDENCE OF GALACTIC TIDAL FEATURES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a sample of 54 galaxy clusters (0.04 < z < 0.15) containing 3551 early-type galaxies suitable for study, we identify those with tidal features both interactively and automatically. We find that {approx}3% have tidal features that can be detected with data that reach a 3{sigma} sensitivity limit of 26.5 mag arcsec{sup -2}. Regardless of the method used to classify tidal features, or the fidelity imposed on such classifications, we find a deficit of tidally disturbed galaxies with decreasing clustercentric radius that is most pronounced inside of {approx}0.5 R{sub 200}. We cannot distinguish whether the trend arises from an increasing likelihood of recent mergers with increasing clustercentric radius or a decrease in the lifetime of tidal features with decreasing clustercentric radius. We find no evidence for a relationship between local density and the incidence of tidal features, but our local density measure has large uncertainties. We find interesting behavior in the rate of tidal features among cluster early-types as a function of clustercentric radius and expect such results to provide constraints on the effect of the cluster environment on the structure of galaxy halos, the build-up of the red sequence of galaxies, and the origin of the intracluster stellar population.

Adams, Scott M.; Zaritsky, Dennis [Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Sand, David J.; Graham, Melissa L. [Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network, 6740 Cortona Dr., Suite 102, Santa Barbara, CA 93117 (United States); Bildfell, Chris; Pritchet, Chris [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Victoria, P.O. Box 3055, STN CSC, Victoria, BC V8W 3P6 (Canada); Hoekstra, Henk [Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, Niels Bohrweg 2, NL-2333 CA Leiden (Netherlands)

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

This Month's Feature on .EDUconnections: University of Wisconsin-Madison |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

This Month's Feature on .EDUconnections: University of This Month's Feature on .EDUconnections: University of Wisconsin-Madison This Month's Feature on .EDUconnections: University of Wisconsin-Madison April 15, 2011 - 3:10pm Addthis Andy Oare Andy Oare Former New Media Strategist, Office of Public Affairs This month, .EDUconnections, puts the spotlight on the University of Wisconsin. UW-Madison ranks as one of the most prolific research universities in the world, providing a learning environment where faculty, staff and students can critically examine our natural world in a way that will help improve the quality of life for all. Two of their research programs, the Energy Institute and the Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center, are directly supporting the work of the Department of Energy's scientific research programs.

280

Chicago Business Features Argonne Woman in Nuclear Physics | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Chicago Business Features Argonne Woman in Nuclear Physics Chicago Business Features Argonne Woman in Nuclear Physics Chicago Business Features Argonne Woman in Nuclear Physics January 9, 2012 - 4:08pm Addthis Kawtar Hafidi is an experimental nuclear physicist, working in the medium energy physics group at Argonne. Image courtesy of Argonne National Laboratory. Kawtar Hafidi is an experimental nuclear physicist, working in the medium energy physics group at Argonne. Image courtesy of Argonne National Laboratory. Chicago Business has the scoop about Kawtar Hafidi, an Argonne National Laboratory nuclear physicist who just snagged the Association for Women in Science's 2011 Innovator Award for her research in the field of the color of quarks. Hafidi is one of many women in science who's changing the equation to accomplish the Department's mission. At Argonne, she leads

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nearby offline features" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

October 30 Webinar to Feature Successful Tribal Renewable Energy Projects |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

October 30 Webinar to Feature Successful Tribal Renewable Energy October 30 Webinar to Feature Successful Tribal Renewable Energy Projects October 30 Webinar to Feature Successful Tribal Renewable Energy Projects October 24, 2013 - 11:34am Addthis The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Indian Energy, the DOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's Tribal Energy Program, and the Western Area Power Administration (Western) will present the next Tribal Renewable Energy Series webinar, Renewable Energy Case Studies-Tribal and Developer Perspectives, on Wednesday, October 30, 2013. "This is a unique opportunity to hear firsthand about some of the innovative programs and practices Tribes have leveraged to successfully implement renewable energy projects," said Randy Manion, Renewable Energy Project Manager at Western. "In this final webinar of the 2013 Tribal

282

New Features of the Hopper XE6 - Differences from Franklin  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New Features of the Hopper XE6 New Features of the Hopper XE6 New Features of the Hopper XE6 - Differences from Franklin While the Franklin and Hopper systems are both have similar programming environments and user software, there are some key architectural differences between the two systems. This page describes those differences and how they may improve your productivity. More Cores per Node and Multiple Sockets per Node Hopper has a total of 24 cores on each node. With more cores per node, you may want to explore adding OpenMP to applications. Hopper also has two sockets on each compute node whereas Franklin only has one. Please see the Hopper mutli-core FAQ page for a discussion of effectively using all 24 cores per node and the Hopper configuration page for more system specification details.

283

Cosmological toolkit project featured on DOE energy website | Argonne  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cosmological toolkit project featured on DOE energy website Cosmological toolkit project featured on DOE energy website October 2, 2013 Tweet EmailPrint Researchers from Argonne National Laboratory, in partnership with Fermilab and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, are developing a state-of-the-art toolkit for analyzing cosmological simulation data. The work was recently featured on the DOE website Energy.gov. Leading the Argonne team are Salman Habib, senior physicist and computational scientist in Argonne's High Energy Physics and Mathematics and Computer Science Divisions, and Ravi Madduri, project manager in the MCS Division. The multilaboratory team seeks to create an open platform with a web-based front end that will allow scientists to transfer, search, and analyze the complex data being generated by galaxy-formation simulations. Key to this

284

New Features of the Edison XC30 - Differences from Hopper  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New Features of the New Features of the Edison XC30 New Features of the Edison XC30 - Differences from Hopper While the Edison and Hopper systems have similar programming environments and software, there are some key architectural differences between the two systems. This page describes those differences. Compute nodes Edison Phase I has a total of 16 cores on each compute node, compared to Hopper's 24. Edison, like Hopper, has two sockets on each compute node, but instead of four "NUMA" memory domains, Edison has only two. Edison uses Intel processors, unlike Hopper which has processors from AMD. Edison's processors have Intel Hyper-Threading (HT) enabled, which means you can run with 32 virtual cores per node. At run time you can decide to run with 16 cores per node (the default setting) or 32 virtual cores per

285

New Features of the Edison XC30 - Differences from Hopper  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New Features of the Edison XC30 New Features of the Edison XC30 New Features of the Edison XC30 - Differences from Hopper While the Edison and Hopper systems have similar programming environments and software, there are some key architectural differences between the two systems. This page describes those differences. Compute nodes Edison and Hopper both have a total of 24 cores on each compute node. Edison, like Hopper, has two sockets on each compute node, but instead of four "NUMA" memory domains, Edison has only two. Edison uses Intel processors, unlike Hopper which has processors from AMD. Edison's processors have Intel Hyper-Threading (HT) enabled, which means you can run with 48 logical cores per node. At run time you can decide to run with 24 cores per node (the default setting) or 48 logical cores per node.

286

Argonne's pyroprocessing and advanced reactor research featured on WGN  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Argonne's pyroprocessing and advanced reactor research featured on WGN Argonne's pyroprocessing and advanced reactor research featured on WGN radio Director's Welcome Organization Achievements Highlights Fact Sheets, Brochures & Other Documents Multimedia Library About Nuclear Energy Nuclear Reactors Designed by Argonne Argonne's Nuclear Science and Technology Legacy Opportunities within NE Division Visit Argonne Work with Argonne Contact us For Employees Site Map Help Join us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter NE on Flickr Celebrating the 70th Anniversary of Chicago Pile 1 (CP-1) Argonne OutLoud on Nuclear Energy Argonne Energy Showcase 2012 Highlights Bookmark and Share Argonne's pyroprocessing and advanced reactor research featured on WGN radio Uranium dendrites These tiny branches, or "dendrites," of pure uranium form when engineers

287

October 30 Webinar to Feature Successful Tribal Renewable Energy Projects |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

October 30 Webinar to Feature Successful Tribal Renewable Energy October 30 Webinar to Feature Successful Tribal Renewable Energy Projects October 30 Webinar to Feature Successful Tribal Renewable Energy Projects October 24, 2013 - 11:34am Addthis The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Indian Energy, the DOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's Tribal Energy Program, and the Western Area Power Administration (Western) will present the next Tribal Renewable Energy Series webinar, Renewable Energy Case Studies-Tribal and Developer Perspectives, on Wednesday, October 30, 2013. "This is a unique opportunity to hear firsthand about some of the innovative programs and practices Tribes have leveraged to successfully implement renewable energy projects," said Randy Manion, Renewable Energy Project Manager at Western. "In this final webinar of the 2013 Tribal

288

DOE Science Showcase - Featured Climate Change Research from DOE Databases  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Featured Climate Change Research from DOE Databases Featured Climate Change Research from DOE Databases Search Results from DOE Databases View research documents, citations, accomplishments, patents, and projects related to climate change, one of the primary scientific challenges addressed through the Incite Program. Climate Change Information Bridge Energy Citations Database DOE R&D Accomplishments Database DOE Data Explorer Climate Modeling Information Bridge Energy Citations Database DOE R&D Accomplishments Database DOE Data Explorer Ocean Turbulence and Climate Information Bridge Energy Citations Database DOE Accomplishments Database DOE Data Explorer Cloud Simulation and Models Information Bridge Energy Citations Database DOE Accomplishments Database DOE Data Explorer Global Warming Information Bridge Energy Citations Database

289

Hue Histograms to Spatiotemporal Local Features for Action Recognition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Despite the recent developments in spatiotemporal local features for action recognition in video sequences, local color information has so far been ignored. However, color has been proved an important element to the success of automated recognition of objects and scenes. In this paper we extend the space-time interest point descriptor STIP to take into account the color information on the features' neighborhood. We compare the performance of our color-aware version of STIP (which we have called HueSTIP) with the original one.

Souza, Fillipe; Chvez, Guillermo; Arajo, Arnaldo

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Feature Exploration for Mining Coronal Loops from Solar Images  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Coronal loops are especially important in analyzing some important phenomena related to the Sun such as the controversial coronal heating problem. The analysis requires astrophysicists to manually sift through thousands of images in order to acquire ... Keywords: feature extraction, coronal loops, SOHO, data mining, solar

Nurcan Durak; Olfa Nasraoui

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Automated geometric features evaluation method for normal foot skeleton model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

"Normal foot model" is a geometric model of a healthy human foot. As the comparison of the processed feet requires a reference ideal healthy foot parameterization it was necessary to create such a model by defining skeleton geometric features and generating ...

Bartosz Borucki; Krzysztof Nowi?Ski; Micha? Chlebiej; Andrzej Rutkowski; Pawe? Adamczyk; Jacek Laskowski

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Property:Special Physical Features | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Physical Features Physical Features Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Special Physical Features Property Type Text Pages using the property "Special Physical Features" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) C Carderock 2-ft Variable Pressure Cavitation Water Tunnel + The 2-Foot Variable Pressure Cavitation Water Tunnel is a vertical plane, closed recirculating, variable-speed, variable-pressure, open jet test section, closed jet test section, and semi-rectangular test section. Carderock 3-ft Variable Pressure Cavitation Water Tunnel + The 3-ft Variable Pressure Cavitation Water Tunnel is a vertical plane, closed recirculating with resorber, variable-speed, variable-pressure, two interchangeable circular test sections. Carderock Circulating Water Channel + The Circulating Water Channel is a vertical plane, open to the atmosphere test section with a free surface in a closed recirculating water circuit, variable speed, rectangular cross-sectional shape facility. There are 10 large viewing windows on either side of the test section at different elevations and 9 in the bottom; movable bridge spans the test section for ease and versatility in mounting models, rigging bridge is capable of taking towing loads at any one of numerous points up to 35,584 N

293

Integrating a differential evolution feature weighting scheme into prototype generation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Prototype generation techniques have arisen as very competitive methods for enhancing the nearest neighbor classifier through data reduction. Within the prototype generation methodology, the methods of adjusting the prototypes' positioning have shown ... Keywords: Classification, Differential evolution, Feature weighting, Nearest neighbor, Prototype generation, Prototype selection

Isaac Triguero; JoaquN Derrac; Salvador GarcA; Francisco Herrera

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Comparison of metrics for feature selection in imbalanced text classification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract: Class imbalance problems are often encountered in real applications of automatic text classifications especially at the so-called ''one-against-all'' settings and thus handling the problem with satisfactory performance is substantially important. ... Keywords: Combination framework, Feature selection, Imbalanced data, Poisson distribution, Text classification, k-NN classifier

Hiroshi Ogura; Hiromi Amano; Masato Kondo

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

38 renewable energy focus July/August 2009 Feature article  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

38 renewable energy focus July/August 2009 Feature article Compact electrical generators losses; it's a tantalising vision for the renewables sector. Making it a reality could transform.: Illustration shows magnified view of high temperature superconductor cable. #12;renewable energy focus July

Hampshire, Damian

296

Prostate cancer grading: Gland segmentation and structural features  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we introduce a novel approach to grade prostate malignancy using digitized histopathological specimens of the prostate tissue. Most of the approaches proposed in the literature to address this problem utilize various textural features ... Keywords: Benign, Carcinoma, Gland segmentation, Gleason grading system, Nuclei, Prostate cancer

Kien Nguyen; Bikash Sabata; Anil K. Jain

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Optimal Project Feature Weights in Analogy-Based Cost Estimation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimal Project Feature Weights in Analogy-Based Cost Estimation: Improvement and Limitations, IEEE Abstract--Cost estimation is a vital task in most important software project decisions as measured by standard metrics. Index Terms--Software cost estimation, analogy-based cost estimation, project

298

Semi-supervised cast indexing for feature-length films  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cast indexing is a very important application for content-based video browsing and retrieval, since the characters in feature-length films and TV series are always the major focus of interest to the audience. By cast indexing, we can discover the main ...

Wei Fan; Tao Wang; JeanYves Bouguet; Wei Hu; Yimin Zhang; Dit-Yan Yeung

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Mining Deformation Features of Complex Engineering Slope via Safety Monitoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A nonlinear regression model is presented in this article for mining deformation features of complex engineering slope on the basis of various monitoring data. It is aimed to discover the factors which have evident effect on slope deformation, as well ... Keywords: high steep slope, deformation mining, nonlinear regression, secular distortion, Jinping 1 hydropower station

Linwei Wang; Zaobao Liu; Dan Jin; Qingxiang Meng

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Feature level fusion of face and palmprint biometrics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a feature level fusion of face and palmprint biometrics. It uses the improved K-medoids clustering algorithm and isomorphic graph. The performance of the system has been verified by two distance metrics namely, K-NN and normalized ... Keywords: Ffeature level fusion, K-medoids artitioning algorithm, biometrics, face, isomorphic graph, palmprint

Dakshina Ranjan Kisku; Phalguni Gupta; Jamuna Kanta Sing

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nearby offline features" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Exploring high-level features for detecting cyberpedophilia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we suggest a list of high-level features and study their applicability in detection of cyberpedophiles. We used a corpus of chats downloaded from http://www.perverted-justice.com and two negative datasets of different nature: cybersex ... Keywords: Cyberpedophilia, Emotion detection, Sentiment analysis

Dasha Bogdanova, Paolo Rosso, Thamar Solorio

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

SVM based feature selection: why are we using the dual?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most Support Vector Machines (SVM) implementations are based on solving the dual optimization problem. Of course, feature selection algorithms based on SVM are not different and, in particular, the most used method in the area, Guyon et al.'s Recursive ...

Guillermo L. Grinblat; Javier Izetta; Pablo M. Granitto

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Face images feature extraction analysis for recognition in frequency domain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper a novel technique to extract facial features for recognition in frequency domain using Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) is presented. In pre processing phase facial tilt and varying image background challenges have been addressed to improve ... Keywords: DFT, dimension reduction, face recognition, facial tilt, image background, image decimation

M. Almas Anjum; M. Younus Javed

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Efficient Fingerprint Matching Technique Using Wavelet Based Features  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper details the work of an efficient fingerprint matching technique via the use of wavelet based features. It is a kind of image based processing technique. So first core point is detected via using the hybrid technique. Then wavelet is applied ...

Nabeel Younus Khan; Muhammad Younus Javed

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

COG - Special Features of Interest to Criticality Safety Practitioners  

SciTech Connect

COG is a modern, general-purpose, high fidelity, multi-particle transport code developed at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory specifically for use in deep penetration (shielding) and criticality safety calculations. This paper describes some features in COG of special interest to criticality safety practitioners.

Buck, R M; Heinrichs, D P; Krass, A W; Lent, E M

2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

306

A Novel Feature Extraction for Robust EMG Pattern Recognition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Varieties of noises are major problem in recognition of Electromyography (EMG) signal. Hence, methods to remove noise become most significant in EMG signal analysis. White Gaussian noise (WGN) is used to represent interference in this paper. Generally, WGN is difficult to be removed using typical filtering and solutions to remove WGN are limited. In addition, noise removal is an important step before performing feature extraction, which is used in EMG-based recognition. This research is aimed to present a novel feature that tolerate with WGN. As a result, noise removal algorithm is not needed. Two novel mean and median frequencies (MMNF and MMDF) are presented for robust feature extraction. Sixteen existing features and two novelties are evaluated in a noisy environment. WGN with various signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs), i.e. 20-0 dB, was added to the original EMG signal. The results showed that MMNF performed very well especially in weak EMG signal compared with others. The error of MMNF in weak EMG signal with...

Phinyomark, Angkoon; Phukpattaranont, Pornchai

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Keypoint identification and feature-based 3D face recognition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a feature-based 3D face recognition algorithm and propose a keypoint identification technique which is repeatable and identifies keypoints where shape variation is high in 3D faces. Moreover, a unique 3D coordinate basis can be defined locally ...

Ajmal Mian; Mohammed Bennamoun; Robyn Owens

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Minutiae feature analysis for infrared hand vein pattern biometrics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes a novel technique to analyze the infrared vein patterns in the back of the hand for biometric purposes. The technique utilizes the minutiae features extracted from the vein patterns for recognition, which include bifurcation points ... Keywords: Biometrics, Infrared, Minutiae, Vein pattern

Lingyu Wang; Graham Leedham; David Siu-Yeung Cho

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

A proximal point algorithm for sequential feature extraction ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Throughout the paper, we use to denote either the Frobenius norm of a matrix ...... In this example, we use a 80-by-50 black-and-white bitmap image of a sailboat. .... features could be associated with a certain orientation of the face or lighting.

310

Effects-based feature identification for network intrusion detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Intrusion detection systems (IDS) are an important element in a network's defences to help protect against increasingly sophisticated cyber attacks. IDS that rely solely on a database of stored known attacks are no longer sufficient for effectively detecting ... Keywords: Classification, Clustering, Decision trees, Feature selection, Intrusion detection

Panos Louvieris, Natalie Clewley, Xiaohui Liu

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Dead or Alive: finding zombie features in the Linux kernel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Variability management in operating systems is an error-prone and tedious task. This is especially true for the Linux operating system, which provides a specialized tool called Kconfig for users to customize kernels from an impressive amount of ... Keywords: Linux, features, language, preprocessor, software product lines, tool support

Reinhard Tartler; Julio Sincero; Wolfgang Schrder-Preikschat; Daniel Lohmann

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Surface Features of Winter Monsoon Surges over South China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The surface features associated with two kinds of winter monsoon surges over south China are studied: the easterly surge (ES) and the northerly surge (NS). Surface meteorological parameters over the region 1550N, 90130E for the surges that ...

M. C. Wu; Johnny C. L. Chan

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Feature interactions in integrated services of networked home appliance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. This paper proposes a service-centric framework for the feature interaction problem in integrated services of the home network system (HNS). To formalize the HNS, we extensively use an object-oriented approach where each networked appliance (or the HNS environment) is modeled as an object consisting of properties and

Masahide Nakamura; Hiroshi Igaki; Ken-ichi Matsumoto

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Mesoscale Surface Pressure and Temperature Features Associated with Bow Echoes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines observed mesoscale surface pressure, temperature, and wind features of bow echoes. Bow-echo events in the area of the Oklahoma Mesonet are selected for study to take advantage of high-resolution surface data. Thirty-six cases ...

Rebecca D. Adams-Selin; Richard H. Johnson

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Input Feature Extraction for Multilayered Perceptrons Using Supervised Principal Component Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method is proposed for constructing salient features from a set of features that are given as input to a feedforward neural network used for supervised learning. Combinations of the original features are formed that maximize the sensitivity of ... Keywords: feature extraction, feature selection, multilayered perceptron, principal components, saliency

Stavros J. Perantonis; Vassilis Virvilis

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Lithium Depletion of Nearby Young Stellar Associations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We estimate cluster ages from lithium depletion in five pre-main-sequence groups found within 100 pc of the Sun: TW Hydrae Association, Eta Chamaeleontis Cluster, Beta Pictoris Moving Group, Tucanae-Horologium Association and AB Doradus Moving Group. We determine surface gravities, effective temperatures and lithium abundances for over 900 spectra through least squares fitting to model-atmosphere spectra. For each group, we compare the dependence of lithium abundance on temperature with isochrones from pre-main-sequence evolutionary tracks to obtain model dependent ages. We find that the Eta Chamaelontis Cluster and the TW Hydrae Association are the youngest, with ages of 12+/-6 Myr and 12+/-8 Myr, respectively, followed by the Beta Pictoris Moving Group at 21+/-9 Myr, the Tucanae-Horologium Association at 27+/-11 Myr, and the AB Doradus Moving Group at an age of at least 45 Myr (where we can only set a lower limit since the models -- unlike real stars -- do not show much lithium depletion beyond this age). Here, the ordering is robust, but the precise ages depend on our choice of both atmospheric and evolutionary models. As a result, while our ages are consistent with estimates based on Hertzsprung-Russell isochrone fitting and dynamical expansion, they are not yet more precise. Our observations do show that with improved models, much stronger constraints should be feasible: the intrinsic uncertainties, as measured from the scatter between measurements from different spectra of the same star, are very low: around 10 K in effective temperature, 0.05 dex in surface gravity, and 0.03 dex in lithium abundance.

Erin Mentuch; Alexis Brandeker; Marten H. van Kerkwijk; Ray Jayawardhana; Peter H. Hauschildt

2008-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

317

Molecular gas in nearby elliptical radio galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Powerful radio-AGN are hosted by massive elliptical galaxies which are usually very poor in molecular gas. Nevertheless the central Black Hole (BH) needs molecular gas for the nuclear activity. Thus it is important to study the origin, the distribution and the kinematics of the molecular gas in such objects. We have performed at the IRAM-30m telescope a survey of the CO(1-0) and CO(2-1) emission in the most powerful radio galaxies of the Local Universe, selected only on the basis of their radio continuum fluxes. The main result of that survey is the low content in molecular gas of such galaxies compared to Seyfert galaxies. The median value of the molecular gas mass is 4x10^8 Msun. Moreover, the CO spectra indicate the presence of a central molecular gas disk in some of these radio galaxies. We complemented this survey with photometric data of SPITZER and IRAS fluxes with the purpose to study the dust and its relation with the molecular gas and AGN.

B. Ocana-Flaquer; S. Leon; J. Lim; F. Combes; Dinh-V-Trung

2008-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

318

Molecular gas in nearby elliptical radio galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Powerful radio-AGN are hosted by massive elliptical galaxies which are usually very poor in molecular gas. Nevertheless the central Black Hole (BH) needs molecular gas for the nuclear activity. Thus it is important to study the origin, the distribution and the kinematics of the molecular gas in such objects. We have performed at the IRAM-30m telescope a survey of the CO(1-0) and CO(2-1) emission in the most powerful radio galaxies of the Local Universe, selected only on the basis of their radio continuum fluxes. The main result of that survey is the low content in molecular gas of such galaxies compared to Seyfert galaxies. The median value of the molecular gas mass is 4x10^8 Msun. Moreover, the CO spectra indicate the presence of a central molecular gas disk in some of these radio galaxies. We complemented this survey with photometric data of SPITZER and IRAS fluxes with the purpose to study the dust and its relation with the molecular gas and AGN.

Ocana-Flaquer, B; Lim, J; Combes, F; Dinh-V-Trung,

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

NREL: A Year in Clean Energy Innovations; A Review of NREL's 2011 Feature Stories  

SciTech Connect

This document is a compilation of articles featuring NREL research and development, deployment, commercialization, and outreach activities in 2011. The feature stories can be found online at http:www.nrel.gov/features/.

Not Available

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Features Index - ORNL Review - Vol. 40, No. 3, 2007  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ORNL Review in PDF Format PDF Format ORNL Review in PDF Format PDF Format in FLASH Format A Matter of Degrees The Future of Climate Change Research Features in This Issue - Volume 40, Number 3, 2007 Editorial: A Matter of Degrees Multiple lines of evidence have convinced a large majority of the scientific community that a steady stream of greenhouse gases since the Industrial Revolution has produced a pattern of sustained global warming. More... FEATURED RESEARCH The Most Complex of Subjects ORNL is marshaling talent for one of humankind's most important studies. More... Keeping A Record One of the world's most comprehensive climate databases is a key tool for researchers. More... Towers of Knowledge A radio tower? A cell-phone tower? No, it's a flux tower. More... Modeling the Future Supercomputers produce breakthroughs in climate research. More...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nearby offline features" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Commercial Building Energy Asset Score Features | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Score Score Features Commercial Building Energy Asset Score Features The Asset Scoring Tool evaluates buildings by use type. The initial version of the Asset Scoring Tool included: office, school, retail, and unrefrigerated warehouse buildings. Phase II currently under development, which will be used for the 2013 Pilot, includes library, lodging, multi-family housing, and courthouse buildings, as well as mixed-use types of buildings that incorporate Phase I and II. You can enter small and large commercial buildings, and an Asset Score will be equally applicable to new and existing buildings. Inputs You can enter these building characteristics: General information-number of floors, footprint dimension, orientation, and use type Envelope components-roof, exterior wall, and floor types and

322

Featured Articles | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Articles Articles News Featured Articles 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 Science Headlines Presentations & Testimony News Archives Contact Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5430 Featured Articles Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page Brookhaven Lab scientists (from left) Kumudu Mudiyanselage, Ashleigh Baber, Fang Xu, and Dario Stacchiola. 01.08.14FROM THE LABS Catching Catalysts in Action External link Researchers at Brookhaven Lab have demonstrated an unprecedented ability to follow chemical reactions in real-time, and see the play-by-play of energy conversion. Read More » The Coherent X-ray Imaging experimental station at SLAC's Linac Coherent Light Source. 01.06.14ARTICLE

323

This Month's Feature on .EDU Connections: Iowa State University |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EDU Connections: Iowa State University EDU Connections: Iowa State University This Month's Feature on .EDU Connections: Iowa State University February 2, 2011 - 11:23am Addthis Andy Oare Andy Oare Former New Media Strategist, Office of Public Affairs Iowa State University's vision is to lead the world in advancing the land-grant ideas of putting science, technology and human creativity to work. Its mission is to create, share and apply knowledge to make Iowa and the world a better place. This month, ISU is being featured on .EDUconnections, a site hosted by Office of Science and Technical Information that spotlights colleges and universities supported by the Department of Energy and highlights their achievements, researchers and students. Iowa State is widely recognized for its comprehensive and interdisciplinary

324

This Month's Feature on .EDU Connections: Central Carolina Community  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Central Carolina Central Carolina Community College This Month's Feature on .EDU Connections: Central Carolina Community College January 13, 2011 - 3:36pm Addthis Andy Oare Andy Oare Former New Media Strategist, Office of Public Affairs The work of students at Central Carolina Community College (CCCC) is powering the school -- literally. Students are constructing a testing plant to produce biofuels, which will fuel college vehicles and equipment. CCCC offers a variety of scientific and technical programs with an emphasis on sustainable energy technologies. This month, CCCC is being featured on .EDU connections, a site hosted by Office of Science and Technical Information that spotlights colleges and universities supported by the Department of Energy and highlight their achievements, researchers and students.

325

Estimating Missing Features to Improve Multimedia Information Retrieval  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Retrieval in a multimedia database usually involves combining information from different modalities of data, such as text and images. However, all modalities of the data may not be available to form the query. The retrieval results from such a partial query are often less than satisfactory. In this paper, we present an approach to complete a partial query by estimating the missing features in the query. Our experiments with a database of images and their associated captions show that, with an initial text-only query, our completion method has similar performance to a full query with both image and text features. In addition, when we use relevance feedback, our approach outperforms the results obtained using a full query.

Bagherjeiran, A; Love, N S; Kamath, C

2006-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

326

Biosensor method and system based on feature vector extraction  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for biosensor-based detection of toxins includes providing at least one time-dependent control signal generated by a biosensor in a gas or liquid medium, and obtaining a time-dependent biosensor signal from the biosensor in the gas or liquid medium to be monitored or analyzed for the presence of one or more toxins selected from chemical, biological or radiological agents. The time-dependent biosensor signal is processed to obtain a plurality of feature vectors using at least one of amplitude statistics and a time-frequency analysis. At least one parameter relating to toxicity of the gas or liquid medium is then determined from the feature vectors based on reference to the control signal.

Greenbaum, Elias; Rodriguez, Jr., Miguel; Qi, Hairong; Wang, Xiaoling

2013-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

327

Solar Magnetic Feature Detection and Tracking for Space Weather Monitoring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an automated system for detecting, tracking, and cataloging emerging active regions throughout their evolution and decay using SOHO Michelson Doppler Interferometer (MDI) magnetograms. The SolarMonitor Active Region Tracking (SMART) algorithm relies on consecutive image differencing to remove both quiet-Sun and transient magnetic features, and region-growing techniques to group flux concentrations into classifiable features. We determine magnetic properties such as region size, total flux, flux imbalance, flux emergence rate, Schrijver's R-value, R* (a modified version of R), and Falconer's measurement of non-potentiality. A persistence algorithm is used to associate developed active regions with emerging flux regions in previous measurements, and to track regions beyond the limb through multiple solar rotations. We find that the total number and area of magnetic regions on disk vary with the sunspot cycle. While sunspot numbers are a proxy to the solar magnetic field, SMART offers a direct diagnos...

Higgins, Paul A; McAteer, R T James; Bloomfield, D Shaun; 10.1016/j.asr.2010.06.024

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Safety Functions and Other Features of Lethal Activated Denial Systems  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

STD-1193-2010 STD-1193-2010 April 2010 DOE STANDARD Safety Functions and Other Features of Lethal Activated Denial Systems U.S. Department of Energy AREA SAFT Washington, D.C. 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE DOE-STD-1193-2010 i TABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD ...................................................................................................................... ii 1. SCOPE AND PURPOSE .........................................................................................1 2. APPLICABILITY ....................................................................................................1 3. NORMATIVE REFERENCES ................................................................................2

329

Specific features of geothermal steam turbine control and emergency system  

SciTech Connect

There are significant construction as well as operational differences between geothermal and conventional steam turbines. These result in specific features associated with geothermal steam turbine control and emergency system. Several aspects of geothermal steam turbine control have been considered. Some proposals of geothermal steam turbine control have been presented. Among others the following operation modes have been considered: Driving turbine, driving well, turbine power and well steam pressure coupled control.

Domachowski, Z.; Gutierrez, A.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Absorption Features in Spectra of Magnetized Neutron Stars  

SciTech Connect

The X-ray spectra of some magnetized isolated neutron stars (NSs) show absorption features with equivalent widths (EWs) of 50-200 eV, whose nature is not yet well known.To explain the prominent absorption features in the soft X-ray spectra of the highly magnetized (B{approx}10{sup 14} G) X-ray dim isolated NSs (XDINSs), we theoretically investigate different NS local surface models, including naked condensed iron surfaces and partially ionized hydrogen model atmospheres, with semi-infinite and thin atmospheres above the condensed surface. We also developed a code for computing light curves and integral emergent spectra of magnetized neutron stars with various temperature and magnetic field distributions over the NS surface. We compare the general properties of the computed and observed light curves and integral spectra for XDINS RBS 1223 and conclude that the observations can be explained by a thin hydrogen atmosphere above the condensed iron surface, while the presence of a strong toroidal magnetic field component on the XDINS surface is unlikely.We suggest that the harmonically spaced absorption features in the soft X-ray spectrum of the central compact object (CCO) 1E 1207.4-5209 (hereafter 1E 1207) correspond to peaks in the energy dependence of the free-free opacity in a quantizing magnetic field, known as quantum oscillations. To explore observable properties of these quantum oscillations, we calculate models of hydrogen NS atmospheres with B{approx}10{sup 10}-10{sup 11} G(i.e., electron cyclotron energy E{sub c,e}{approx}0.1-1 keV) and T{sub eff} = 1-3 MK. Such conditions are thought to be typical for 1E 1207. We show that observable features at the electron cyclotron harmonics with EWs {approx_equal}100-200 eV can arise due to these quantum oscillations.

Suleimanov, V. [Insitute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Kepler Center for Astro and Particle Physics, Eberhard Karls University, Sand 1, 72076 Tuebingen (Germany); Kazan Federal University, Kremlevskaya str. 18, 42008 Kazan (Russian Federation); Hambaryan, V.; Neuhaeuser, R. [Astrophysikalisches Institut und Universitaets-Sternwarte Jena, Schillergaesschen 2-3, 07745 Jena (Germany); Potekhin, A. Y. [Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute, Politekhnicheskaya str., 26, St. Petersburg 194021 (Russian Federation); Pavlov, G. G. [Pennsylvania State University, 525 Davey Lab., University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Adelsberg, M. van [Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics, Kohn Hall, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 (United States); Werner, K. [Insitute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Kepler Center for Astro and Particle Physics, Eberhard Karls University, Sand 1, 72076 Tuebingen (Germany)

2011-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

331

Language Specific Issue and Feature Exploration in Chinese Event Extraction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we present a Chinese event extraction system. We point out a language specific issue in Chinese trigger labeling, and then commit to discussing the contributions of lexical, syntactic and semantic features applied in trigger labeling and argument labeling. As a result, we achieved competitive performance, specifically, F-measure of 59.9 in trigger labeling and F-measure of 43.8 in argument labeling. 1

Zheng Chen; Heng Ji

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

GOOgle Features and anatomY (GOOFY) Project Proposal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Google is a huge and powerful search engine. It provides lots of services e.g.: Google Directory, Google Groups, Google Scholar, etc. I dont want to present them as theyre easy to find. What Id like to show are system features and system anatomy. How does it work? How did it start? When does it fail? More and less common knowledge about Google. 2 Project Stages 1. history + common knowledge (total 2h- already done + 1h presentation) authors, name, place, motivation- mainly taken from the first paper about Google [?] improvement over the years 2. system features (total- 12h + 2h presentation) PageRank- read [?], search for modern algorithms 6h anchor texts- how do they use them? 2h other features 4h 3. system anatomy (architecture) (total 12h + 2h presentation) architecture overview from [?] 1h- already done data structures from [?] 3h crawlers 5h indexers 3h 4. problems, failures (total>9h + 2h presentation) problems with PageRank- anyone can get you! 3h Search Engine Optimization (SEO)- how can you trick Google? 6h anything interesting I find during searching for above xh 3

Anna Moleda

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Evolving a New Feature for a Working Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A genetic programming system is created. A first fitness function f1 is used to evolve a program that implements a first feature. Then the fitness function is switched to a second function f2, which is used to evolve a program that implements a second feature while still maintaining the first feature. The median number of generations G1 and G2 needed to evolve programs that work as defined by f1 and f2 are measured. The behavior of G1 and G2 are observed as the difficulty of the problem is increased. In these systems, the density D1 of programs that work (for fitness function f1) is measured in the general population of programs. The relationship G1~1/sqrt(D1) is observed to approximately hold. Also, the density D2 of programs that work (for fitness function f2) is measured in the general population of programs. The relationship G2~1/sqrt(D2) is observed to approximately hold.

Stimpson, Mike

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

A high resolution view of the jet termination shock in a hot spot of the nearby radio galaxy Pictor A: implications for X-ray models of radio galaxy hot spots  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Images made with the VLBA have resolved the region in a nearby radio galaxy, Pictor A, where the relativistic jet that originates at the nucleus terminates in an interaction with the intergalactic medium, a so-called radio galaxy hot spot. This image provides the highest spatial resolution view of such an object to date (16 pc), more than three times better than previous VLBI observations of similar objects. The north-west Pictor A hot spot is resolved into a complex set of compact components, seen to coincide with the bright part of the hot spot imaged at arcsecond-scale resolution with the VLA. In addition to a comparison with VLA data, we compare our VLBA results with data from the HST and Chandra telescopes, as well as new Spitzer data. The presence of pc-scale components in the hot spot, identifying regions containing strong shocks in the fluid flow, leads us to explore the suggestion that they represent sites of synchrotron X-ray production, contributing to the integrated X-ray flux of the hot spot, along with X-rays from synchrotron self-Compton scattering. This scenario provides a natural explanation for the radio morphology of the hot spot and its integrated X-ray emission, leading to very different predictions for the higher energy X-ray spectrum compared to previous studies. From the sizes of the individual pc-scale components and their angular spread, we estimate that the jet width at the hot spot is in the range 70 - 700 pc, which is comparable to similar estimates in PKS 2153-69, 3C 205, and 4C 41.17. The lower limit in this range arises from the suggestion that the jet may dither in its direction as it passes through hot spot backflow material close to the jet termination point, creating a "dentist drill" effect on the inside of a cavity 700 pc in diameter.

S. J. Tingay; E. Lenc; G. Brunetti; M. Bondi

2008-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

335

Deep PDF parsing to extract features for detecting embedded malware.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The number of PDF files with embedded malicious code has risen significantly in the past few years. This is due to the portability of the file format, the ways Adobe Reader recovers from corrupt PDF files, the addition of many multimedia and scripting extensions to the file format, and many format properties the malware author may use to disguise the presence of malware. Current research focuses on executable, MS Office, and HTML formats. In this paper, several features and properties of PDF Files are identified. Features are extracted using an instrumented open source PDF viewer. The feature descriptions of benign and malicious PDFs can be used to construct a machine learning model for detecting possible malware in future PDF files. The detection rate of PDF malware by current antivirus software is very low. A PDF file is easy to edit and manipulate because it is a text format, providing a low barrier to malware authors. Analyzing PDF files for malware is nonetheless difficult because of (a) the complexity of the formatting language, (b) the parsing idiosyncrasies in Adobe Reader, and (c) undocumented correction techniques employed in Adobe Reader. In May 2011, Esparza demonstrated that PDF malware could be hidden from 42 of 43 antivirus packages by combining multiple obfuscation techniques [4]. One reason current antivirus software fails is the ease of varying byte sequences in PDF malware, thereby rendering conventional signature-based virus detection useless. The compression and encryption functions produce sequences of bytes that are each functions of multiple input bytes. As a result, padding the malware payload with some whitespace before compression/encryption can change many of the bytes in the final payload. In this study we analyzed a corpus of 2591 benign and 87 malicious PDF files. While this corpus is admittedly small, it allowed us to test a system for collecting indicators of embedded PDF malware. We will call these indicators features throughout the rest of this report. The features are extracted using an instrumented PDF viewer, and are the inputs to a prediction model that scores the likelihood of a PDF file containing malware. The prediction model is constructed from a sample of labeled data by a machine learning algorithm (specifically, decision tree ensemble learning). Preliminary experiments show that the model is able to detect half of the PDF malware in the corpus with zero false alarms. We conclude the report with suggestions for extending this work to detect a greater variety of PDF malware.

Munson, Miles Arthur; Cross, Jesse S. (Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO)

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Computational features of the CACECO containment analysis code. [LMFBR  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A code, CACECO, has been written to assist in the analysis of containment situations peculiar to sodium cooled reactors. Typically, these situations involve relatively slow energy release processes and chemical reaction heat. Two examples are given to illustrate some of the code's features. These particular cases illustrate the potential for hydrogen formation in the containment building, but show that time is available to take corrective action. The code is suitable for other problems involving passive heat absorption in massive structures over long periods of time.

Peak, R.D.; Stepnewski, D.D.

1975-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

337

DTW-based Phonetic Alignment Using Multiple Acoustic Features  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents the results of our effort in improving the accuracy of a DTW-based automatic phonetic aligner. The adopted model assumes that the phonetic segment sequence is already known and so the goal is only to align the spoken utterance with a reference synthetic signal produced by waveform concatenation without prosodic modifications. Instead of using a single acoustic measure to compute the alignment cost function, our strategy uses a combination of acoustic features depending on the pair of phonetic segment classes being aligned. The results show that this strategy considerably reduces the segment boundary location errors, even when aligning synthetic and natural speech signals of different gender speakers.

Srgio Paulo; Lus C. Oliveira

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Discovery of metabolite features for the modelling and analysis of high-resolution NMR spectra  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study presents three feature selection methods for identifying the metabolite features in nuclear magnetic resonance spectra that contribute to the distinction of samples among varying nutritional conditions. Principal component analysis, Fisher ... Keywords: NMR spectra, OSC, bioinformatics, classification, data mining, feature selection, metabolite features, metabolomics, multivariate statistical analysis, nuclear magnetic resonance, orthogonal signal correction

Hyun-Woo Cho; Seoung Bum Kim; Myong K. Jeong; Youngja Park; Nana Gletsu Miller; Thomas R. Ziegler; Dean P. Jones

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Enhancing evolutionary instance selection algorithms by means of fuzzy rough set based feature selection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years, fuzzy rough set theory has emerged as a suitable tool for performing feature selection. Fuzzy rough feature selection enables us to analyze the discernibility of the attributes, highlighting the most attractive features in the construction ... Keywords: Evolutionary algorithms, Feature selection, Instance selection, Nearest neighbor, Rough sets

Joaqun Derrac; Chris Cornelis; Salvador Garca; Francisco Herrera

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Employment Of Fuzzy Logic In Feature Diagrams To Model Variability In Software Families  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The features of software family members may vary according to the needs of particular market segments or purposes. The assessment of what will be common and what will be variable feature may result from particular needs and market strategies. Further, ... Keywords: FODA feature diagrams, feature diagram tree, fuzzy representation, knowledge base, power plant description

Silva Robak; Andrzej Pieczy?ski

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nearby offline features" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Unsupervised feature selection for biomarker identification in chromatography and gene expression data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A novel approach to feature selection from unlabeled vector data is presented. It is based on the reconstruction of original data relationships in an auxiliary space with either weighted or omitted features. Feature weighting, on one hand, is related ... Keywords: adaptive similarity measures, feature selection

Marc Strickert; Nese Sreenivasulu; Silke Peterek; Winfriede Weschke; Hans-Peter Mock; Udo Seiffert

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents: OFFLINE GCSS...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1992, TOGA-COARE IFA) have produced large differences in the mean heating and moistening rates (-1 to -5 K and -2 to 2 g kg-1 respectively). Since the large-scale advective...

343

Targeting in Advertising Markets: Implications for Offline Versus Online Media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop a model with many advertisers (products) and many advertising markets (media). Each advertiser sells to a different segment of consumers, and each medium is targeting a different audience. We characterize the ...

Bergemann, Dirk

344

Optimal Offline Broadcast Scheduling with an Energy Harvesting Transmitter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider an energy harvesting transmitter broadcasting data to two receivers. Energy and data arrivals are assumed to occur at arbitrary but known instants. The goal is to minimize the total transmission time of the packets arriving within a certain time window, using the energy that becomes available during this time. An achievable rate region with structural properties satisfied by the two-user AWGN BC capacity region is assumed. Structural properties of power and rate allocation in an optimal policy are established, as well as the uniqueness of the optimal policy under the condition that all the data of the "weaker" user are available at the beginning. An iterative algorithm, DuOpt, based on block coordinate descent that achieves the same structural properties as the optimal is described. Investigating the ways to have the optimal schedule of two consecutive epochs in terms of energy efficiency and minimum transmission duration, it has been shown that DuOpt achieves best performance under the same speci...

Erkal, Hakan; Uysal-Biyikoglu, Elif

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Achieving Real-Time Mode Estimation through Offline Compilation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As exploration of our solar system and outerspace move into the future, spacecraft are being developed to venture on increasingly challenging missions with bold objectives. The spacecraft tasked with completing these ...

Van Eepoel, John M.

2002-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

346

Feature article: adoption of an official ISEA glossary  

SciTech Connect

The International Society for Exposure Analysis (ISEA) and its Nomenclature Committee have been involved since the mid-1990s in an intermittent but ongoing effort to develop an official ISEA glossary. Several related activities have stimulated greater interest and discussion nationally and internationally on a common exposure language. Among these activities are a 1997 Journal of Exposure Analysis and Environmental Epidemiology feature article on exposure and dose definitions and a 1999-initiated project of the International Programme on Chemical Safety (IPCS) (WHO/ILO/UNEP) to confront terminology issues hindering harmonization in the area of exposure assessment. Recently the ISEA members voted in support of adopting the IPCS glossary as the official ISEA glossary, and the ISEA Executive Board agreed to accept this recommendation. In this feature article we (1) describe the process through which the ISEA adopted the IPCS glossary as the official ISEA glossary, (2) present the joint IPC S/ISEA glossary of terms and their definitions, and (3) discuss plans for how the glossary can be used by ISEA and updated over time by ISEA and IPCS. The glossary is intended to be a living document that reflects the latest usage and maintains international harmonization of exposure terminology that can be practically applied to improve communication in exposure and related fields.

Zartarian, Valerie; Bahadori, Tina; McKone, Thomas

2004-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

347

LC-IMS-MS Feature Finder: Detecting Multidimensional Liquid Chromatography, Ion Mobility, and Mass Spectrometry Features in Complex Datasets  

SciTech Connect

We introduce a command line software application LC-IMS-MS Feature Finder that searches for molecular ion signatures in multidimensional liquid chromatography-ion mobility spectrometry-mass spectrometry (LC-IMS-MS) data by clustering deisotoped peaks with similar monoisotopic mass, charge state, LC elution time, and ion mobility drift time values. The software application includes an algorithm for detecting and quantifying co-eluting chemical species, including species that exist in multiple conformations that may have been separated in the IMS dimension.

Crowell, Kevin L.; Slysz, Gordon W.; Baker, Erin Shammel; Lamarche, Brian L.; Monroe, Matthew E.; Ibrahim, Yehia M.; Payne, Samuel H.; Anderson, Gordon A.; Smith, Richard D.

2013-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

348

This Month's Feature on .EDUconnections: University of Wisconsin-Madison |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EDUconnections: University of EDUconnections: University of Wisconsin-Madison This Month's Feature on .EDUconnections: University of Wisconsin-Madison April 15, 2011 - 3:10pm Addthis Andy Oare Andy Oare Former New Media Strategist, Office of Public Affairs This month, .EDUconnections, puts the spotlight on the University of Wisconsin. UW-Madison ranks as one of the most prolific research universities in the world, providing a learning environment where faculty, staff and students can critically examine our natural world in a way that will help improve the quality of life for all. Two of their research programs, the Energy Institute and the Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center, are directly supporting the work of the Department of Energy's scientific research programs. The university is well known for helping students to develop an

349

OE's SGIG Program Featured in International Publication | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

International Publication International Publication OE's SGIG Program Featured in International Publication April 6, 2012 - 2:10pm Addthis An article in the March 2012 issue of the quarterly publication Metering International focuses on DOE's Smart Grid Investment Grant program, highlighting how the program is improving the reliability and resiliency of the US electric grid. The article examines the need to protect the grid and the benefits of modernization, including reduced demand, increased capacity, and faster recovery. OE's Debbie Haught, who oversees the SGIG program, and Joseph Palladino, who leads the analysis of the program, authored the piece. Metering International provides information on trends and developments in the industry. Download the article. Addthis Related Articles

350

NREL: News Feature - Sustainable Solutions Abundant in New Offices  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sustainable Solutions Abundant in New Offices Sustainable Solutions Abundant in New Offices May 24, 2010 Content on this page requires a newer version of Adobe Flash Player. Get Adobe Flash player. When it comes to designing an interior decorative feature for one of the most energy efficient office buildings in the world, very few would consider bringing in a beetle to do the job. But that's what happened at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Research Support Facility (RSF) located on the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) campus. In June, the RSF will become home to more than 800 workers from DOE and NREL and building visitors will be greeted with a soaring, two-story high wall entirely covered with wood harvested from the bark beetle infestation that has killed millions of pine trees in the Western U.S.

351

VEHICLE SPECIFICATIONS Vehicle Features Base Vehicle: 2010 Honda  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Honda Honda Civic Hybrid VIN: JHMFA3F24AS005577 Seatbelt Positions: 5 Standard Features: Air Conditioning Power Locks Power Steering Power Brakes Power Windows Cruise Control Front Disc Brakes Rear Disc Brakes Front Wheel Drive Regenerative Braking Anti-Lock Brakes Traction Control Air Bags AM/FM Stereo with CD State of Charge Meter 1 Weights Design Curb Weight: 2877 lb Delivered Curb Weight: 2982 lb Distribution F/R (%): 57/43 GVWR: 3792 lb GAWR F/R: 1973/1841 lb Payload 2 : 810 lb Performance Goal: 400 lb Dimensions Wheelbase: 106.3 in Track F/R: 59.1/60.2 in Length: 177.3 in Width: 69.0 in Height: 56.3 in Ground Clearance: 6.0 in Performance Goal: 5.0 in Tires Manufacturer: Bridgestone

352

VEHICLE SPECIFICATIONS Vehicle Features Base Vehicle: 2010 Smart  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Smart Smart Fortwo MHD VIN: WME4513341K406476 Seatbelt Positions: 2 Standard Features: Air Conditioning Power Locks Power Steering Power Brakes Power Windows Cruise Control Front Disc Brakes Rear Drum Brakes Rear Wheel Drive Anti-Lock Brakes Traction Control Air Bags AM/FM Stereo with CD player Weights Design Curb Weight:1,818 lb Delivered Curb Weight: 1.742 lb Distribution F/R (%):44/56 GVWR: 2,244 lb GAWR F/R: 968/1,452 lb Payload 1 : 426 lb Performance Goal: 400 lb Dimensions Wheelbase: 73.5 in Track F/R: 50.5/54.5 in Length: 106.1 in Width: 61.4 in Height: 60.7 in Ground Clearance: 6.25 in Performance Goal: 5.0 in Tires Manufacturer: Continental Model: ContiproContact Size: Front -P155/60/R15

353

Special Feature: Reducing Energy Costs with Better Batteries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reducing Energy Costs with Better Batteries Reducing Energy Costs with Better Batteries Special Feature: Reducing Energy Costs with Better Batteries September 9, 2013 Contact: Linda Vu, +1 510 495 2402, lvu@lbl.gov Electricvehicles8331019248.jpg Electric vehicles lined up in Cascade Locks. Credit: Oregon Department of Transportation A better battery-one that is cheap and safe, but packs a lot of power-could lead to an electric vehicle that performs better than today's gasoline-powered cars, and costs about the same or less to consumers. Such a vehicle would reduce the United States' reliance on foreign oil and lower energy costs for the average American, so one of the Department of Energy's (DOE's) goals is to fund research that will revolutionize the performance of next-generation batteries. In honor of DOE's supercomputing month, we are highlighting some of the

354

Combining Spatial and Telemetric Features for Learning Animal Movement Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce a new graphical model for tracking radio-tagged animals and learning their movement patterns. The model provides a principled way to combine radio telemetry data with an arbitrary set of userdefined, spatial features. We describe an efficient stochastic gradient algorithm for fitting model parameters to data and demonstrate its effectiveness via asymptotic analysis and synthetic experiments. We also apply our model to real datasets, and show that it outperforms the most popular radio telemetry software package used in ecology. We conclude that integration of different data sources under a single statistical framework, coupled with appropriate parameter and state estimation procedures, produces both accurate location estimates and an interpretable statistical model of animal movement.

Kapicioglu, Berk; Wikelski, Martin; Broderick, Tamara

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Novel Features of the Transport Coefficients in Lifshitz Black Branes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the transport coefficients, including the conductivities and shear viscosity of the non-relativistic field theory dual to the Lifshitz black brane with multiple U(1) gauge fields by virtue of the gauge/gravity duality. Focusing on the case of double U(1) gauge fields, we systematically investigate the electric, thermal and thermoelectric conductivities for the dual non-relativistic field theory. In the large frequency regime, we find a nontrivial power law behavior in the electric AC conductivity when the dynamical critical exponent z>1 in (2+1)-dimensional field theory. The relations between this novel feature and the `symmetric hopping model' in condensed matter physics are discussed. In addition, we also show that the Kovtun-Starinets-Son bound for the shear viscosity to the entropy density is not violated by the additional U(1) gauge fields and dilaton in the Lifshitz black brane.

Jia-Rui Sun; Shang-Yu Wu; Hai-Qing Zhang

2013-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

356

FEATURES, EVENTS, AND PROCESSES: SYSTEM-LEVEL AND CRITICALITY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The primary purpose of this Analysis/Model Report (AMR) is to identify and document the screening analyses for the features, events, and processes (FEPs) that do not easily fit into the existing Process Model Report (PMR) structure. These FEPs include the 3 1 FEPs designated as System-Level Primary FEPs and the 22 FEPs designated as Criticality Primary FEPs. A list of these FEPs is provided in Section 1.1. This AMR (AN-WIS-MD-000019) documents the Screening Decision and Regulatory Basis, Screening Argument, and Total System Performance Assessment (TSPA) Disposition for each of the subject Primary FEPs. This AMR provides screening information and decisions for the TSPA-SR report and provides the same information for incorporation into a project-specific FEPs database. This AMR may also assist reviewers during the licensing-review process.

D.L. McGregor

2000-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

357

Features of MCNP6 Relevant to Medical Radiation Physics  

SciTech Connect

MCNP (Monte Carlo N-Particle) is a general-purpose Monte Carlo code for simulating the transport of neutrons, photons, electrons, positrons, and more recently other fundamental particles and heavy ions. Over many years MCNP has found a wide range of applications in many different fields, including medical radiation physics. In this presentation we will describe and illustrate a number of significant recently-developed features in the current version of the code, MCNP6, having particular utility for medical physics. Among these are major extensions of the ability to simulate large, complex geometries, improvement in memory requirements and speed for large lattices, introduction of mesh-based isotopic reaction tallies, advances in radiography simulation, expanded variance-reduction capabilities, especially for pulse-height tallies, and a large number of enhancements in photon/electron transport.

Hughes, H. Grady III [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Goorley, John T. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

358

Non-contact feature detection using ultrasonic Lamb waves  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus and method for non-contact ultrasonic detection of features on or within the walls of hollow pipes are described. An air-coupled, high-power ultrasonic transducer for generating guided waves in the pipe wall, and a high-sensitivity, air-coupled transducer for detecting these waves, are disposed at a distance apart and at chosen angle with respect to the surface of the pipe, either inside of or outside of the pipe. Measurements may be made in reflection or transmission modes depending on the relative position of the transducers and the pipe. Data are taken by sweeping the frequency of the incident ultrasonic waves, using a tracking narrow-band filter to reduce detected noise, and transforming the frequency domain data into the time domain using fast Fourier transformation, if required.

Sinha, Dipen N. (Los Alamos, NM)

2011-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

359

Automated Solar Feature Detection for Space Weather Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The solar surface and atmosphere are highly dynamic plasma environments, which evolve over a wide range of temporal and spatial scales. Large-scale eruptions, such as coronal mass ejections, can be accelerated to millions of kilometres per hour in a matter of minutes, making their automated detection and characterisation challenging. Additionally, there are numerous faint solar features, such as coronal holes and coronal dimmings, which are important for space weather monitoring and forecasting, but their low intensity and sometimes transient nature makes them problematic to detect using traditional image processing techniques. These difficulties are compounded by advances in ground- and space- based instrumentation, which have increased the volume of data that solar physicists are confronted with on a minute-by-minute basis; NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory for example is returning many thousands of images per hour (~1.5 TB/day). This chapter reviews recent advances in the application of images processing t...

Prez-Surez, David; Bloomfield, D Shaun; McAteer, R T James; Krista, Larisza D; Byrne, Jason P; Gallagher, Peter T

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Automated feature detection and identification in digital point-ordered signals  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A computer-based automated method to detect and identify features in digital point-ordered signals. The method is used for processing of non-destructive test signals, such as eddy current signals obtained from calibration standards. The signals are first automatically processed to remove noise and to determine a baseline. Next, features are detected in the signals using mathematical morphology filters. Finally, verification of the features is made using an expert system of pattern recognition methods and geometric criteria. The method has the advantage that standard features can be, located without prior knowledge of the number or sequence of the features. Further advantages are that standard features can be differentiated from irrelevant signal features such as noise, and detected features are automatically verified by parameters extracted from the signals. The method proceeds fully automatically without initial operator set-up and without subjective operator feature judgement.

Oppenlander, Jane E. (Burnt Hills, NY); Loomis, Kent C. (Clifton Park, NY); Brudnoy, David M. (Albany, NY); Levy, Arthur J. (Schenectady, NY)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nearby offline features" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Comparing Shape and Texture Features for Pattern Recognition in Simulation Data  

SciTech Connect

Shape and texture features have been used for some time for pattern recognition in datasets such as remote sensed imagery, medical imagery, photographs, etc. In this paper, we investigate shape and texture features for pattern recognition in simulation data. In particular, we explore which features are suitable for characterizing regions of interest in images resulting from fluid mixing simulations. Three texture features--gray level co-occurrence matrices, wavelets, and Gabor filters--and two shape features--geometric moments and the angular radial transform--are compared. The features are evaluated using a similarity retrieval framework. Our preliminary results indicate that Gabor filters perform the best among the texture features and the angular radial transform performs the best among the shape features. The feature which performs the best overall is dependent on how the groundtruth dataset is created.

Newsam, S; Kamath, C

2004-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

362

Automatic feature detection and identification in digital point-ordered signals  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A computer-based automated method to detect and identify features in digital point-ordered signals. The method is used for processing of non-destructive test signals, such as eddy current signals obtained from calibration standards. The signals are first automatically processed to remove noise and to determine a baseline. Next, features are detected in the signals using mathematical morphology filters. Finally, verification of the features is made using an expert system of pattern recognition methods and geometric criteria. The method has the advantage that standard features can be located without prior knowledge of the number or sequence of the features. Further advantages are that standard features can be differentiated from irrelevant signals features such as noise, and detected features are automatically verified by parameters extracted from the signals. The method proceeds fully automatically without initial operator set-up and without subjective operator feature judgment.

Oppenlander, J.E.; Loomis, K.C.; Brudnoy, D.M.; Levy, A.J.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

363

Feature Detection, Characterization and Confirmation Methodology: Final Report  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report of the NUMO-LBNL collaborative project: Feature Detection, Characterization and Confirmation Methodology under NUMO-DOE/LBNL collaboration agreement, the task description of which can be found in the Appendix. We examine site characterization projects from several sites in the world. The list includes Yucca Mountain in the USA, Tono and Horonobe in Japan, AECL in Canada, sites in Sweden, and Olkiluoto in Finland. We identify important geologic features and parameters common to most (or all) sites to provide useful information for future repository siting activity. At first glance, one could question whether there was any commonality among the sites, which are in different rock types at different locations. For example, the planned Yucca Mountain site is a dry repository in unsaturated tuff, whereas the Swedish sites are situated in saturated granite. However, the study concludes that indeed there are a number of important common features and parameters among all the sites--namely, (1) fault properties, (2) fracture-matrix interaction (3) groundwater flux, (4) boundary conditions, and (5) the permeability and porosity of the materials. We list the lessons learned from the Yucca Mountain Project and other site characterization programs. Most programs have by and large been quite successful. Nonetheless, there are definitely 'should-haves' and 'could-haves', or lessons to be learned, in all these programs. Although each site characterization program has some unique aspects, we believe that these crosscutting lessons can be very useful for future site investigations to be conducted in Japan. One of the most common lessons learned is that a repository program should allow for flexibility, in both schedule and approach. We examine field investigation technologies used to collect site characterization data in the field. An extensive list of existing field technologies is presented, with some discussion on usage and limitations. Many of the technologies on the list were in fact used during the characterization of Yucca Mountain and elsewhere by LBNL personnel. The study also includes emerging technologies and identifies the need to develop better estimation of important parameters for repository siting. Notable emerging technologies include 3-D seismic and satellite-based remote sensing and wireless micro electro mechanical systems (MEMS) sensors. They enable cost-effective and ubiquitous monitoring to be applied for site characterization. We list and classify the types of uncertainties involved in site characterization. Uncertainties can exist in all aspects of site characterization: data, interpretation, conceptualization, and modeling. We use the Swedish program to exemplify such uncertainties. We also devote a chapter on geochemical issues regarding the interaction between groundwater and natural and engineered barrier materials. A recommendation has been made to take advantage of the recent advancement in geochemical modeling capabilities in natural systems. Although it is not of immediate relevance at the preliminary investigation stage, it serves as a good reminder that geochemical investigation efforts should not be overlooked at any stage in the repository program. We construct a synthetic preliminary-investigation site based on an extensive data set available from a geoscientific project in Japan, which we use as a 'real' site to evaluate uncertainties resulting from hydrogeological modeling and examine strategies for characterizing a new site. We plan various preliminary-investigation configurations and conduct preliminary numerical investigations at the synthetic site. We construct a model of the 'real' site for each PI configuration, make predictions of particle travel times, and compare against the 'real' data obtained from the 'real' model. We conclude that drilling as many as nine boreholes does not necessarily improve the understanding of the site compared to drilling as few as three boreholes, unless there is an underlying stru

Karasaki, Kenzi; Apps, John; Doughty, Christine; Gwatney, Hope; Onishi, Celia Tiemi; Trautz, Robert; Tsang, Chin-Fu

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Feature Detection, Characterization and Confirmation Methodology: Final Report  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report of the NUMO-LBNL collaborative project: Feature Detection, Characterization and Confirmation Methodology under NUMO-DOE/LBNL collaboration agreement, the task description of which can be found in the Appendix. We examine site characterization projects from several sites in the world. The list includes Yucca Mountain in the USA, Tono and Horonobe in Japan, AECL in Canada, sites in Sweden, and Olkiluoto in Finland. We identify important geologic features and parameters common to most (or all) sites to provide useful information for future repository siting activity. At first glance, one could question whether there was any commonality among the sites, which are in different rock types at different locations. For example, the planned Yucca Mountain site is a dry repository in unsaturated tuff, whereas the Swedish sites are situated in saturated granite. However, the study concludes that indeed there are a number of important common features and parameters among all the sites--namely, (1) fault properties, (2) fracture-matrix interaction (3) groundwater flux, (4) boundary conditions, and (5) the permeability and porosity of the materials. We list the lessons learned from the Yucca Mountain Project and other site characterization programs. Most programs have by and large been quite successful. Nonetheless, there are definitely 'should-haves' and 'could-haves', or lessons to be learned, in all these programs. Although each site characterization program has some unique aspects, we believe that these crosscutting lessons can be very useful for future site investigations to be conducted in Japan. One of the most common lessons learned is that a repository program should allow for flexibility, in both schedule and approach. We examine field investigation technologies used to collect site characterization data in the field. An extensive list of existing field technologies is presented, with some discussion on usage and limitations. Many of the technologies on the list were in fact used during the characterization of Yucca Mountain and elsewhere by LBNL personnel. The study also includes emerging technologies and identifies the need to develop better estimation of important parameters for repository siting. Notable emerging technologies include 3-D seismic and satellite-based remote sensing and wireless micro electro mechanical systems (MEMS) sensors. They enable cost-effective and ubiquitous monitoring to be applied for site characterization. We list and classify the types of uncertainties involved in site characterization. Uncertainties can exist in all aspects of site characterization: data, interpretation, conceptualization, and modeling. We use the Swedish program to exemplify such uncertainties. We also devote a chapter on geochemical issues regarding the interaction between groundwater and natural and engineered barrier materials. A recommendation has been made to take advantage of the recent advancement in geochemical modeling capabilities in natural systems. Although it is not of immediate relevance at the preliminary investigation stage, it serves as a good reminder that geochemical investigation efforts should not be overlooked at any stage in the repository program. We construct a synthetic preliminary-investigation site based on an extensive data set available from a geoscientific project in Japan, which we use as a 'real' site to evaluate uncertainties resulting from hydrogeological modeling and examine strategies for characterizing a new site. We plan various preliminary-investigation configurations and conduct preliminary numerical investigations at the synthetic site. We construct a model of the 'real' site for each PI configuration, make predictions of particle travel times, and compare against the 'real' data obtained from the 'real' model. We conclude that drilling as many as nine boreholes does not necessarily improve the understanding of the site compared to drilling as few as three boreholes, unless there is an underlying structure that is larger than the spacing of the boreholes. The

Karasaki, Kenzi; Apps, John; Doughty, Christine; Gwatney, Hope; Onishi, Celia Tiemi; Trautz, Robert; Tsang, Chin-Fu

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Sustainable Features of McKinney ISD Elementary School  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Students planning to attend McKinney Independent School District's newest 70,000 square foot elementary school when it opens in the fall of 2000 are in for a special treat. In addition to standard elementary school curriculum, students will have the unique opportunity to study wind and solar energy, feed their frogs and take care of the school's water habitat, learn in classrooms illuminated by the sun rather than electric light, water their bean plants (which they keep in the school's greenhouse) with harvested rainwater, and check the weather at the campus weather station. This project was named by the American Institute of Architects to the Earth Day Top 10 List for Environmentally Responsible Design Projects in the nation Sustainable design is environmentally sensitive architecture and engineering - the ability to meet today's needs without compromising the resources available to future generations. Environmental conservation is only one of the reasons to consider sustainable design. Studies are showing that the various environmental benefits of sustainable design also benefit our children in the classroom. Another major element of sustainable design is called "Eco Education", a concept that incorporates the sustainable school into the curriculum so that students can understand its design and how it impacts the environment. It's a tremendous teaching tool for students to learn about environmental conservation. Harvesting rainwater is a perfect example. By collecting rainwater from the roof of the building and channeling it to one of six on-campus storage tanks, . enough water can be collected to flush toilets and water the grounds. Other elements of sustainable design include site planning and landscape management; the use of recycled building materials; solar systems; wind energy; geothermal energy (using the Earth's natural energy to heat and cool the building), energy recovery, and high energy efficiency. The primary goal of sustainable design is to protect a site's existing environment. As much as possible, we need to understand and maximize the natural conditions of a new project's site and incorporate its features into the overall design. That's what sustainability is all about. The purpose of this paper is to present the specific sustainable features of the McKinney ISD Elementary School and the process of integrating sustainability criteria in all phases of the school's life cycle

McClure, J. D.; Estes, J. M.; Keep, G.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Feature Extraction and Selection for Pattern Recognition of Two-Dimensional Hydrometeor Images  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New feature extraction techniques are developed for two-dimensional binary images of ice particles and raindrops. These features are employed in the statistical classification of these patterns into one of seven basic hydrometeor shapes. These ...

Mizanur M. Rahman; Edmund A. Quincy; Raymond G. Jacquot; Michael J. Magee

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

A transfer model using a typed feature structure rewriting system with inheritance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a model for transfer in machine translation which uses a rewriting system for typed feature structures. The grammar definitions describe transfer relations which are applied on the input structure (a typed feature structure) by the ...

Rmi Zajac

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #371: May 9, 2005 Electronic Features on  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1: May 9, 2005 1: May 9, 2005 Electronic Features on Heavy Trucks to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #371: May 9, 2005 Electronic Features on Heavy Trucks on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #371: May 9, 2005 Electronic Features on Heavy Trucks on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #371: May 9, 2005 Electronic Features on Heavy Trucks on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #371: May 9, 2005 Electronic Features on Heavy Trucks on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #371: May 9, 2005 Electronic Features on Heavy Trucks on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #371: May 9, 2005 Electronic Features on Heavy Trucks on AddThis.com... Fact #371: May 9, 2005 Electronic Features on Heavy Trucks

369

Balanced feature matching in probabilistic framework and its application on object localisation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new algorithm of feature matching is proposed after balancing analysis of adjacency matrix of the matching model in a probabilistic framework. Considering all the interaction of the two feature point sets, a probabilistic model is established and solved ...

Ying Chen; Chunlu Ai

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Improving the dynamic hierarchical compact clustering algorithm by using feature selection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feature selection has improved the performance of text clustering. In this paper, a local feature selection technique is incorporated in the dynamic hierarchical compact clustering algorithm to speed up the computation of similarities. We also present ...

Reynaldo Gil-Garca; Aurora Pons-Porrata

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Three Years of TRMM Precipitation Features. Part I: Radar, Radiometric, and Lightning Characteristics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During its first three years, the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) satellite observed nearly six million precipitation features. The population of precipitation features is sorted by lightning flash rate, minimum brightness temperature, ...

Daniel J. Cecil; Steven J. Goodman; Dennis J. Boccippio; Edward J. Zipser; Stephen W. Nesbitt

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Feature-Point Detection Using Distance Transforms: Application to Tracking Tropical Convective Complexes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The identification, tracking, and statistical analysis of tropical convective complexes using satellite imagery is explored in the context of identifying feature points suitable for tracking. The feature points are determined based on the shape ...

K. I. Hodges

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Nickel-hydrogen battery with oxygen and electrolyte management features  

SciTech Connect

A nickel-hydrogen battery or cell having one or more pressure vessels containing hydrogen gas and a plurality of cell-modules therein. Each cell-module includes a configuration of cooperatively associated oxygen and electrolyte mangement and component alignment features. A cell-module having electrolyte includes a negative electrode, a positive electrode adapted to facilitate oxygen diffusion, a separator disposed between the positive and negative electrodes for separating them and holding electrolyte for ionic conductivity, an absorber engaging the surface of the positive electrode facing away from the separator for providing electrolyte to the positive electrode, and a pair of surface-channeled diffusion screens for enclosing the positive and negative electrodes, absorber, and separator and for maintaining proper alignment of these components. The screens, formed in the shape of a pocket by intermittently sealing the edges together along as many as three sides, permit hydrogen gas to diffuse therethrough to the negative electrodes, and prevent the edges of the separator from swelling. Electrolyte is contained in the cell-module, absorbhed by the electrodes, the separator and the absorber.

Sindorf, John F. (Pewaukee, WI)

1991-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

374

NREL: A Year in Clean Energy Innovations: A Review of NREL's Feature Stories  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The publication is a compilation of various feature stories published on NREL's public Web site, nrel.gov, throughout 2009.

Not Available

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Wavelet-based feature extraction using probabilistic finite state automata for pattern classification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Real-time data-driven pattern classification requires extraction of relevant features from the observed time series as low-dimensional and yet information-rich representations of the underlying dynamics. These low-dimensional features facilitate in situ ... Keywords: Feature extraction, Pattern classification, Probabilistic finite state automata, Symbolic dynamics, Time series analysis

Xin Jin; Shalabh Gupta; Kushal Mukherjee; Asok Ray

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Spectral features detection of speech emotion and speaking styles recognition based on HMM classifier  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper deals with the influence of the spectral features in recognizing emotions and speaking styles from speech signals. Through out this study MFCC and Mel band energies are used as the base features. The investigation shows that each feature mentioned ... Keywords: HMM-based classifier, MFCC, SUSAS database, emotion, mel band energies, speaking style

Monia Kammoun; Noureddine Ellouze

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Medical image segmentation using cooccurrence matrix based texture features calculated on weighted region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An improvement of texture based 2D or 3D image segmentation method is proposed, aimed at medical image analysis. Segmentation of organs or disease diagnosing is the targetted problem. Features based on cooccurrence matrix are studied. A new approach ... Keywords: 3D image analysis, Haralick features, bioinformatics, cooccurrence matrix, image segmentation, medical image analysis, texture features

Ludvik Tesar; Daniel Smutek; Akinobu Shimizu; Hidefume Kobatake

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Class-specific feature polynomial classifier for pattern classification and its application to handwritten numeral recognition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The polynomial classifier (PC) that takes the binomial terms of reduced subspace features as inputs has shown superior performance to multilayer neural networks in pattern classification. In this paper, we propose a class-specific feature polynomial ... Keywords: Class-specific feature polynomial classifier, Handwritten digit recognition, Neural classifiers, Numeral string recognition, Pattern classification

Cheng-Lin Liu; Hiroshi Sako

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Endoscopic Feature Tracking and Scale-Invariant Estimation of Soft-Tissue Structures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, we introduce a software pipeline to track feature points across endoscopic video frames. It deals with the common problems of low contrast and uneven illumination that afflict endoscopic imaging. In particular, irregular feature trajectories ... Keywords: endoscopy, factorization method, feature tracking

Chia-Hsiang Wu; Yung-Nien Sun; Yi-Chiao Chen; Chien-Chen Chang

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Evaluation of Interest Point Detectors and Feature Descriptors for Visual Tracking  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Applications for real-time visual tracking can be found in many areas, including visual odometry and augmented reality. Interest point detection and feature description form the basis of feature-based tracking, and a variety of algorithms for these tasks ... Keywords: Dataset, Evaluation, Feature descriptors, Interest point detectors, Visual tracking

Steffen Gauglitz; Tobias Hllerer; Matthew Turk

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nearby offline features" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Feature-based classifier ensembles for diagnosing multiple faults in rotating machinery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent researches in fault classification have shown the importance of accurately selecting the features that have to be used as inputs to the diagnostic model. In this work, a multi-objective genetic algorithm (MOGA) is considered for the feature selection ... Keywords: Ensemble, Fault diagnosis, Feature selection, Multi-objective genetic algorithms, Rotating machinery

E. Zio; P. Baraldi; G. Gola

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Invariance via group-integration: a feature framework for 3D biomedical image analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One very generic approach towards the construction of features achieves invariance against a certain transformation via integration over the respective mathematical group. In this paper we present a general framework for invariant feature design via ... Keywords: classification, group-integration, invariant features, landmark-detection, segmentation

J. Fehr; O. Ronneberger; J. Schulz; T. Schmidt; M. Reisert; H. Burkhardt

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Preserving the feature record: a systematic analysis of cooking and heating features from the Richard Beene site (41BX831), Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Natural and cultural archaeological features at the Richard Beene site (41BX831) occur in deeply buried, well-stratified, and well-dated contexts representing the Holocene period. This thesis establishes a comprehensive, systematic feature classification system, the Feature Evaluation and Analytical System or FEAS, and shows its far ranging utility using the Beene site as a case study. Field descriptions and laboratory analysis of ninety two fire-cracked rock and rockless features were codified based on content, morphology, function, contextual associations, and age. An image database was compiled for visual interpretation and comparative purposes (photos, graphics, and digital images). Emphasis on the relevance of preserving substantive archaeological research collections by better integrating and maintaining primary feature materials and data is addressed throughout this work.

Clabaugh, Patricia Ann

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Structure of continental rifts: Role of older features and magmatism  

SciTech Connect

Recent geological and geophysical studies in several continental rifts have begun to shed light on the details of the processes which govern the structural evolution of these important exploration targets. In Kenya and Tanzania, the classic East African rift has been the object of several investigations which reveal that its location follows the boundary (suture ) between the Tanzanian craton (Archean) and Mozambiquan belt (Proterozoic), The Baikal rift also follows a similar boundary, and the Mid-continent rift of North America appears to do the same. Rifts themselves often act as zones of weakness which are reactivated by younger tectonic regimes. The classic North American example of this effect is the Eocambrian Southern Oklahoma aulacogen which was deformed to create the Anadarko basin and Wichita uplift in the late Paleozoic. The Central basin platform has a similar history although the original rift formed at [approximately]1,100Ma. Integration of geophysical data with petrologic and geochemical data from several rift zones has also provided a new picture of the nature and extent of magmatic modification of the crust. An interesting contradiction is that Phanerozoic rifts, except the Afar region, show little evidence for major magmatic modification of the crust whereas, at least in North America, many Precambrian rifts are associated with very large mafic bodies in the crust. The Kenya rift displays evidence for modification of the lower crust in a two-phase magmatic history, but upper crustal magmatic features are limited to local intrusions associated with volcanoes. In this rift, complex basement structure plays a much more important role than previously realized, and the geophysical signatures of basement structure and magmatism are easy to confuse. If this is also the case in other rifts, additional rift basins remain to be discovered.

Keller, G.R. (Univ. of Texas, El Paso, TX (United States))

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

NREL: A Year in Clean Energy Innovations; A Review of NREL's 2011 Feature Stories  

SciTech Connect

This document is a compilation of articles featuring NREL research and development, deployment, commercialization, and outreach activities in 2011. The feature stories can be found online at http:www.nrel.gov/features/.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Fractured reservoir discrete feature network technologies. Final report, March 7, 1996 to September 30, 1998  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report summarizes research conducted for the Fractured Reservoir Discrete Feature Network Technologies Project. The five areas studied are development of hierarchical fracture models; fractured reservoir compartmentalization, block size, and tributary volume analysis; development and demonstration of fractured reservoir discrete feature data analysis tools; development of tools for data integration and reservoir simulation through application of discrete feature network technologies for tertiary oil production; quantitative evaluation of the economic value of this analysis approach.

Dershowitz, William S.; Einstein, Herbert H.; LaPoint, Paul R.; Eiben, Thorsten; Wadleigh, Eugene; Ivanova, Violeta

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Basics of Feature Selection and Statistical Learning for High Energy Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This document introduces basics in data preparation, feature selection and learning basics for high energy physics tasks. The emphasis is on feature selection by principal component analysis, information gain and significance measures for features. As examples for basic statistical learning algorithms, the maximum a posteriori and maximum likelihood classifiers are shown. Furthermore, a simple rule based classification as a means for automated cut finding is introduced. Finally two toolboxes for the application of statistical learning techniques are introduced.

Anselm Vossen

2008-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

388

NREL: A Year in Clean Energy Innovations: A Review of NREL's Feature Stories, 2010  

SciTech Connect

The publication is a compilation of various feature stories published on NREL's public website, nrel.gov, throughout Calendar Year 2010.

Not Available

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Capitalization of energy efficient features into home values in the Austin, Texas real estate market.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Volatile and rising energy prices have made consumers aware of their opportunity costs for energy. Information on the cost-savings of energy efficient features in homes (more)

Amado, Antonio R

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Comparing mental rotation and feature matching strategies in adults and children with behavioral and neuroimaging techniques  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

6) B Figure 7: Standard Stimuli (top row) in same (left) or8: Control Stimuli for Standard Group (top row) and Feature

Ark, Wendy S.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

ms&t'11 plenary session features u.s. national science foundation ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

08/30 - MS&T'11 PLENARY SESSION FEATURES U.S. NATIONAL SCIENCE ... Dr. Wadsworth's presentation, Responding to Increasing, Energy,...

392

NREL: A Year in Clean Energy Innovations, A Review of NREL's 2012 Feature Stories (Book)  

SciTech Connect

The publication is a compilation of various feature stories published on NREL's public website, nrel.gov, throughout Calendar Year 2012.

Not Available

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Autonomous adaptive environmental assessment and feature tracking via autonomous underwater vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the underwater environment, spatiotemporally dynamic environmental conditions pose challenges to the detection and tracking of hydrographic features. A useful tool in combating these challenge is Autonomous Adaptive ...

Petillo, Stephanie Marie

394

FCM_FS: A Simultaneous Clustering and Feature Selection Model for Classification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fuzzy relational classifier (FRC) is the recently proposed two-step nonlinear classifiers, which effectively integrates the formed clusters and the given classes. However, FRC can not copy with the influence of those irrelevant or redundant features. ... Keywords: FCM, Classification, Feature Selection, Enhanced Fuzzy Relational Classifier (EFRC)

Ming Yang; Jing Song; Gen-lin Ji

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Convex onion peeling genetic algorithm: an efficient solution to map labeling of point-feature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Map labeling of point-feature is the problem of placing text labels to corresponding point features on a map in a way that minimizes overlaps while satisfying basic rules for the quality. This problem is a critical problem in the applications of cartography ... Keywords: GIS, automated map labeling, cartography, genetic algorithm, onion peeling

Wan D. Bae; Shayma Alkobaisi; Petr Vojt?chovsk; Sada Narayanappa; Kye Y. Bae

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

A Cognitive Bias Approach to Feature Selection and Weighting for Case-Based Learners  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Research in psychology, psycholinguistics, and cognitive science has discovered and examined numerous psychological constraints on human information processing. Short term memory limitations, a focus of attention bias, and a preference for the use of ... Keywords: case-based learning, feature set selection, feature weighting, instance-based learning, natural language learning

Claire Cardie

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Stripe: image feature based on a new grid method and its application in ImageCLEF  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There have been many features developed for images, like Blob, image patches, Gabor filters, etc. But generally the calculation cost is too high. When facing a large image database, their responding speed can hardly satisfy users demand in real ... Keywords: image annotation, image feature, image retrieval, stripe

Bo Qiu; Daniel Racoceanu; Chang Sheng Xu; Qi Tian

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Multi-objective feature selection by using NSGA-II for customer churn prediction in telecommunications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes a new multiobjective feature selection approach for churn prediction in telecommunication service field, based on the optimisation approach NSGA-II. The basic idea of this approach is to modify the approach NSGA-II to select local ... Keywords: Churn prediction, Decision trees, Feature extraction and selection, Multiobjectives, NSGA-II, Nondominated solutions

Bingquan Huang; B. Buckley; T. -M. Kechadi

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Searching for meaningful feature interactions with backward-chaining rule induction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Exploring the vast number of possible feature interactions in domains such as gene expression microarray data is an onerous task. We propose Backward-Chaining Rule Induction (BCRI) as a semi-supervised mechanism for biasing the search for plausible feature ...

Doug Fisher; Mary Edgerton; Lianhong Tang; Lewis Frey; Zhihua Chen

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

A dual binary image watermarking based on wavelet domain and pixel distribution features  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Considering that the binary images are featured little capability in data hiding, difficulty in watermarking embedding and two values, in order to improve the robustness and invisibility of watermarkings embedded into the binary images, a novel algorithm ... Keywords: DWT, pixel distribution features, virtual watermarking, watermarking restoration

Wei Xia; Hongwei Lu; Yizhu Zhao

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nearby offline features" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Cell phone usage and broad feature preferences: A study among Finnish undergraduate students  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this study is to investigate the cell phone use and broad cell phone feature preferences among high school and undergraduate in Finland. Of particular interest is the issue of gender differences regarding the use of the cell phones and ... Keywords: Cell phone usage, Conceptualization, Feature preferences

Matti Haverila

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Evidence of software inspection on feature specification for software product lines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In software product lines (SPL), scoping is a phase responsible for capturing, specifying and modeling features, and also their constraints, interactions and variations. The feature specification task, performed in this phase, is usually based on natural ... Keywords: Empirical study, Software inspection, Software product lines, Software quality control

Iuri Santos Souza; Gecynalda Soares Da Silva Gomes; Paulo Anselmo Da Mota Silveira Neto; Ivan Do Carmo Machado; Eduardo Santana De Almeida; Silvio Romero De Lemos Meira

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

TWO APPROACHES TO AUTOMATIC MATCHING OF ATOMIC GRAMMATICAL FEATURES IN LFG  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TWO APPROACHES TO AUTOMATIC MATCHING OF ATOMIC GRAMMATICAL FEATURES IN LFG Anton Bryl and Josef van Genabith CNGL, School of Computing, Dublin City University Proceedings of the LFG10 Conference Miriam Butt approaches to the automatic identi- fication of correspondences between atomic features of LFG (and similar

van Genabith, Josef

404

Earth analysis methods, subsurface feature detection methods, earth analysis devices, and articles of manufacture  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Earth analysis methods, subsurface feature detection methods, earth analysis devices, and articles of manufacture are described. According to one embodiment, an earth analysis method includes engaging a device with the earth, analyzing the earth in a single substantially lineal direction using the device during the engaging, and providing information regarding a subsurface feature of the earth using the analysis.

West, Phillip B. (Idaho Falls, ID); Novascone, Stephen R. (Idaho Falls, ID); Wright, Jerry P. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2012-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

405

Earth analysis methods, subsurface feature detection methods, earth analysis devices, and articles of manufacture  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Earth analysis methods, subsurface feature detection methods, earth analysis devices, and articles of manufacture are described. According to one embodiment, an earth analysis method includes engaging a device with the earth, analyzing the earth in a single substantially lineal direction using the device during the engaging, and providing information regarding a subsurface feature of the earth using the analysis.

West, Phillip B. (Idaho Falls, ID); Novascone, Stephen R. (Idaho Falls, ID); Wright, Jerry P. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2011-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

406

AdaBoost face detection on the gpu using Haar-like features  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Face detection is a time consuming task in computer vision applications. In this article, an approach for AdaBoost face detection using Haar-like features on the GPU is proposed. The GPU adapted version of the algorithm manages to speed-up the detection ... Keywords: CUDA, GPU, OpenGL, adaboost, face detection, haar-like features

M. Martnez-Zarzuela; F. J. Daz-Pernas; M. Antn-Rodrguez; F. Perozo-Rondn; D. Gonzlez-Ortega

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Defect prediction from static code features: current results, limitations, new approaches  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Building quality software is expensive and software quality assurance (QA) budgets are limited. Data miners can learn defect predictors from static code features which can be used to control QA resources; e.g. to focus on the parts of the code predicted ... Keywords: Defect prediction, Static code features, WHICH

Tim Menzies; Zach Milton; Burak Turhan; Bojan Cukic; Yue Jiang; Ay?e Bener

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Structural Features that Contribute to Market Power in Electric Power Networks: Some Preliminary Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we report an experiment that examines a primary concern of policy makers: how a structural feature of electric power networks can contribute to the exercise of market power by well-positioned players in deregulated markets. One such feature ...

Stephen J. Rassenti; Vernon L. Smith; Bart J. Wilson

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Towards Unrestricted, Large-Scale Acquisition of Feature-Based Conceptual Representations from Corpus Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years a number of methods have been proposed for the automatic acquisition of feature-based conceptual representations from text corpora. Such methods could offer valuable support for theoretical research on conceptual representation. However, ... Keywords: Conceptual representations, Corpus-based acquisition, Property norms, Semantic features

Barry Devereux; Nicholas Pilkington; Thierry Poibeau; Anna Korhonen

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Algorithm of feature estimation for real time objects detection in thermal images  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Objects detection in thermal or infrared images is an actual and necessary problem in wide range of thermo visual systems applications. The goal of this article is to select a suitable set of features for objects detection in thermal images. Using the ... Keywords: features estimation, infrared images, real time objects detection, thermal images

Snejana Pleshkova

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Feature Extraction from Whole-Sky Ground-Based Images for Cloud-Type Recognition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several features that can be extracted from digital images of the sky and that can be useful for cloud-type classification of such images are presented. Some features are statistical measurements of image texture, some are based on the Fourier ...

Josep Calb; Jeff Sabburg

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Multi-objective semi-supervised feature selection and model selection based on Pearson's correlation coefficient  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a Semi-Supervised Feature Selection Method based on a univariate relevance measure applied to a multiobjective approach of the problem. Along the process of decision of the optimal solution within Pareto-optimal set, atempting to ... Keywords: Pearson, feature selection, relief, semi-supervised

Frederico Coelho; Antonio Padua Braga; Michel Verleysen

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Experimental comparison of orthogonal moments as feature extraction methods for character recognition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The selection of a good feature extraction technique is very important in any classification problem. Moments, especially orthogonal moments, seem to be a powerful option in the case of digital image compression, description and recognition. Nowadays, ... Keywords: character recognition, feature extraction, orthogonal moments

Miguel A. Duval; Sandro Vega-Pons; Eduardo Garea

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Self-Organizing Feature Maps for Modeling and Control of Robotic Manipulators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a review of self-organizing feature maps (SOFMs), in particular, those based on the Kohonen algorithm, applied to adaptive modeling and control of robotic manipulators. Through a number of references we show how SOFMs can learn nonlinear ... Keywords: compliant motion, handeye coordination, kinematics and dynamics, obstacle avoidance, path planning, redundancy, robotics, self-organizing feature maps

Guilherme De A. Barreto; Aluizio F. R. Arajo; Helge J. Ritter

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

DISCOVERY AND ANALYSIS OF 21 {mu}m FEATURE SOURCES IN THE MAGELLANIC CLOUDS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Spitzer Space Telescope mid-infrared spectroscopy has been obtained for 15 carbon-rich protoplanetary nebulae (PPNe) in the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) and for two other such stars in the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC). Of these 17 PPNe, the unidentified 21 {mu}m feature is strong in 7 spectra, weak in 2 spectra, and very weak or questionable in 4 spectra. Two of the four spectra without the 21 {mu}m feature have a very strong feature near 11 {mu}m, similar to a feature observed in some carbon-rich planetary nebulae (PNe) in the LMC. We attribute this feature to unusual SiC dust, although the feature-to-continuum ratio is much larger than for SiC features in Galactic or Magellanic Cloud carbon star spectra. The remaining two objects show typical carbon-rich PPNe spectra with no 21 {mu}m features. One of the LMC objects that lacks the 21 {mu}m feature and one SMC object with a questionable 21 {mu}m detection may have mixed dust chemistries based upon their spectral similarity to Galactic [WC] PNe. The 13 objects that either definitely or may show the 21 {mu}m feature have distinct dust shell properties compared to the Galactic 21 {mu}m objects-the 21 {mu}m features are weaker, the estimated dust temperatures are significantly higher, the unidentified infrared (UIR) bands are stronger, and the UIRs show more structure. Four of the 21 {mu}m objects appear to show normal SiC emission features in their spectra. Many of the PPNe show strong 30 {mu}m features, although this feature carries less of the total mid-infrared emission than is normally the case for the Galactic 21 {mu}m PPNe. The LMC objects are in the LMC halo rather than in the LMC bar. The estimated luminosities of these PPNe vary from 4700 to 12,500 L{sub sun}.

Volk, Kevin; Meixner, Margaret; Gordon, Karl D. [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Hrivnak, Bruce J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Valparaiso University, Valparaiso, IN 46383 (United States); Matsuura, Mikako [Department of Physics and Astronomy, UCL-Institute of Origins, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT (United Kingdom); Bernard-Salas, Jeronimo [Institut d Astrophysique Spatiale, CNRS/Universite Paris-Sud 11, 91405, Orsay (France); Szczerba, Ryszard [N. Copernicus Astronomical Center, Rabianska 8, 87-100 Torun (Poland); Sloan, G. C. [Department of Astronomy, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States); Kraemer, Kathleen E. [Air Force Research Laboratory, AFRL/RVBYB, 29 Randolph Road, Hanscom AFB, MA 01731 (United States); Van Loon, Jacco Th. [Astrophysics Group, Lennard-Jones Laboratories, Keele University, Staffordshire ST5 5BG (United Kingdom); Kemper, F.; Woods, Paul M.; Zijlstra, Albert A. [Jodrell Bank Centre for Astrophysics, Alan Turing Building, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PL (United Kingdom); Sahai, Raghvendra [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, MS 183-900, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States); Gruendl, Robert A. [Astronomy Department, University of Illinois, 1002 West Green Street, Urbana, IL 61801 (United States); Tielens, Alexander G. G. M. [Leiden Observatory, P.O. Box 9513, NL-2300 RA Leiden (Netherlands); Indebetouw, Remy [Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, P.O. Box 400325, Charlottesville, VA 22903 (United States); Marengo, Massimo, E-mail: volk@stsci.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University, A313E Zaffarano, Ames, IA 50011 (United States)

2011-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

416

DOE Technology Transfer Website Features New Tool to Search Tech Transfer  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Technology Transfer Website Features New Tool to Search Tech Transfer Technology Transfer Website Features New Tool to Search Tech Transfer Information from DOE National Laboratories December 3, 2012 DOE Technology Transfer Website Features New Tool to Search Tech Transfer Information from DOE National Laboratories The Department of Energy (DOE) Technology Transfer website has a new search feature that for the first time allows searching of technology transfer information across the DOE national laboratories. The new tool enables users to search all of DOE's technology transfer information, including inventions, patents and other applied research, available from DOE's national laboratories in real time. Using web-crawling technology, the search capability allows users to enter a single query for a technology transfer term; the search feature returns a

417

,- A Model for Syringe Grading Based on Extracted Features From High Dimensional Friction Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the biomedical products industry, measures of the quality of individual clinical specimens or manufacturing production units are often available in the form of high dimensional data such as continuous recordings obtained from an analytical instrument. These recordings are then examined by experts in the field who extract certain features and use these to classify individuals. To formalize and quantify this procedure an approach for extracting features from recordings based on nonparametric regression is described. These features are then used to build a classification model which incorporates the knowledge of the expert automatically. The procedure is presented via an example involving the grading of syringes from associated friction profile data. Features of the syringe friction profiles used in the classification are extracted via smoothing splines and grades of the syringes are assigned by an expert tribologist. A nonlinear classification model is constructed to predict syringe grades based on the extracted features. The classification model makes it possible to grade syringes automatically without

Gerry Gray; David Martin; Perry Haal; Series M. Oconnel; G. Gray; P. Haal; Michael O' connell; Doug Nychka; Gerry Gray; David Martin; Perry Haal

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Modeling multi-object interactions using ``string of feature graphs'' Y. Zhu, N. Nayak, U. Gaur, B. Song, A. Roy-Chowdhury ,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-temporal motion fea- tures, and we show details on using STIP features and track features. Furthermore, we show features (e.g., STIP features or track features). In order to handle the execution speed and motion which obey spatio-tempo- ral ordering, such as STIP features, cuboid features, or track fea- tures

Chowdhury, Amit K. Roy

419

EVSE Features  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

lights lights EVSE Specifications Grid connection Plug and cord NEMA 14-30 Connector type J1772 Test lab certifications ETL listed Approximate size (H x W x D inches) 10 x 15 x 5 Charge level AC Level 2 Input voltage 208 VAC to 240 VAC Maximum input current 30 Amp Circuit breaker rating 40 Amp Test Conditions 1 Test date 10/24/2011 Nominal supply voltage (Vrms) 240.37 Supply frequency (Hz) 60.00 Initial ambient temperature (°F) 58 Test Vehicle 1,3 Make and model 2011 Chevrolet Volt Battery type Li-ion Steady state charge power (AC kW) 3.33 Maximum charge power (AC kW) 3.37 EVSE Test Results 1,2,4 EVSE consumption prior to charge (AC W) 3.2 EVSE consumption during

420

EVSE Features  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

UL listed UL listed Approximate size (H x W x D inches) 17 x 14 x 6 Charge level AC Level 2 Input voltage 208VAC to 240 VAC Maximum input current 32 Amp Circuit breaker rating 40 Amp Test Conditions 1 Test date 2/1/2012 Nominal supply voltage (Vrms) 208.89 Supply frequency (Hz) 60.00 Initial ambient temperature (°F) 52 Test Vehicle 1,3 Make and model 2011 Chevrolet Volt Battery type Li-ion Steady state charge power (AC kW) 3.06 Maximum charge power (AC kW) 3.21 EVSE Test Results 1,2,4 EVSE consumption prior to charge (AC W) 3.21 EVSE consumption during steady state charge (AC W) 23.75 EVSE consumption post charge (AC W) 3.26 Efficiency during steady state charge 99.24% NOTE: Charge start and charge end power demand curves are dependent upon the vehicle

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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

EVSE Features  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

UL, cUL, CE, CTick listed UL, cUL, CE, CTick listed Approximate size (H x W x D inches) 12 x 12 x 8 Charge level AC Level 2 Input voltage 208VAC to 240 VAC Maximum input current 30 Amp Circuit breaker rating 40 Amp Test Conditions 1 Test date 1/31/2012 Nominal supply voltage (Vrms) 235.68 Supply frequency (Hz) 60.00 Initial ambient temperature (°F) 58 Test Vehicle 1,3 Make and model 2011 Chevrolet Volt Battery type Li-ion Steady state charge power (AC kW) 3.34 Maximum charge power (AC kW) 3.39 EVSE Test Results 1,2,4 EVSE consumption prior to charge (AC W) 5.11 EVSE consumption during steady state charge (AC W) 22.77

422

Feature - Title  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vehicle Fleet at Argonne is Getting Greener Vehicle Fleet at Argonne is Getting Greener Argonne's electric vehicle fleet Argonne Fleet electric vehicles from E-Ride Industries At Argonne National Laboratory, new environmentally friendly vehicles have been leased through a partnership with the Government Services Administration (GSA). Argonne manager John Surdey manages the fleet of 135 cars, buses and trucks used at the Laboratory. When he first took over as fleet manager, Surdey saw the high cost of labor and parts for maintaining the aging Agency owned gasoline-fueled vehicle fleet. He wanted to find a way to reduce the overhead while cutting the fleet's carbon footprint. Since many of the vehicles at the lab are used in stop-and-go fashion, they get terrible gas mileage: 7-8 mpg. Switching to a new GSA leased vehicle fleet that uses E-85 fuel, Ultra-Low Sulfur Diesel and Hybrid Electric vehicles saves fuel, parts, labor and is easier on the environment.

423

EVSE Features  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

lights lights UART interface EVSE Specifications Grid connection Plug and cord NEMA 6-30 Connector type J1772 Test lab certifications ETL listed Approximate size (H x W x D inches) 5 x 14 x 4 Charge level AC Level 2 Input voltage 95VAC to 264 VAC Maximum input current 24 Amp Circuit breaker rating 40 Amp Test Conditions 1 Test date 10/25/2011 Nominal supply voltage (Vrms) 239.93 Supply frequency (Hz) 60.00 Initial ambient temperature (°F) 52 Test Vehicle 1,3 Make and model 2011 Chevrolet Volt Battery type Li-ion Steady state charge power (AC kW) 3.33 Maximum charge power (AC kW) 3.38 EVSE Test Results 1,2,4 EVSE consumption prior to charge (AC W) 1.8 EVSE consumption during

424

EVSE Features  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Integrated Flashlight 25ft of coiled cable Integrated Flashlight 25ft of coiled cable Auto-reset EVSE Specifications Grid connection Hardwired Connector type J1772 Test lab certifications ETL Listed Approximate size (H x W x D inches) 10 x 15 x 5 Charge level AC Level 2 Input voltage 208 / 240 VAC Maximum input current 15 Amp Circuit breaker rating 20 Amp Test Conditions 1 Test date 3/29/2012 Nominal supply voltage (Vrms) 243.11 Supply frequency (Hz) 60.01 Initial ambient temperature (°F) 64 Test Vehicle 1,3 Make and model 2011 Chevrolet Volt Battery type Li-ion Steady state charge power (AC kW) 3.33 Maximum charge power (AC kW) 3.39 EVSE Test Results 1,2,4

425

Featured Presentations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Many veterans these days have the ability to do wastewater jobs, are very trainable, well skilled, and are just missing certain certifications. ...

2012-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

426

ARM - Features  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2013 On June 30, the first ARM Mobile Facility completed a one-year deployment at Cape Cod National Seashore for the Two-Column Aerosol Project. On the heels of this highly...

427

Featured Presentations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Amtrak will redo its entire fleet; all the contract work has to be completed by US suppliers, which includes electronic modules and high speed railing ...

2012-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

428

Featured Scientist  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

computer games and read sci fi or classic books. Peter, thank you for agreeing to this interview. Can you explain what it is you do at Fermilab? I am head of the Research...

429

EVSE Features  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

60.00 Initial ambient temperature (F) 85 Test Vehicle 1 Make and model 2011 Chevrolet Volt Battery type Li-ion Steady state charge power (AC kW) 3 3.16 Maximum charge power (AC...

430

EVSE Features  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Initial ambient temperature (F) 88 Test Vehicle 1,3 Make and model 2011 Chevrolet Volt Battery type Li-ion Steady state charge power (AC kW) 3.12 Maximum charge power (AC kW)...

431

Special Feature:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sudip Dosanjh Sudip Dosanjh is Director of the National Energy Research Scientific Computing (NERSC) Center at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. NERSC's mission...

432

Featured Scientist  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

students were summarily transferred into the newly established Department of Metallurgy. Thus, I ended up with a Bachelors of Science in Metallurgical Engineering. Soon...

433

EVSE Features  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

One-button interface LED status lights EVSE Specifications Grid connection Plug and cord NEMA 6-20 Connector type J1772 Test lab certifications UL listed Approximate size (H x W x...

434

Featured Presentations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... new products or services, or enhanced processes that ... the trainers that will operate the oil platforms ... Department of Labor, Office of Recovery for Auto ...

2012-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

435

Featured Articles  

Office of Science (SC) Website

682-9AD8-67EC8027A72Bhttp:www.bnl.govnewsroomnews.php?a11570 New Evidence to Aid Search for Charge 'Stripes' in Superconductors

436

US Department of Energy Promotes Special Earth Week Feature on Energy.gov |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

US Department of Energy Promotes Special Earth Week Feature on US Department of Energy Promotes Special Earth Week Feature on Energy.gov US Department of Energy Promotes Special Earth Week Feature on Energy.gov April 22, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - During Earth Week, visitors to the U.S. Department of Energy website -- energy.gov -- will be immediately directed to a special web feature giving them key energy saving tips and user-friendly information about the critical emerging technologies and initiatives underway to move the nation toward a clean energy economy. The webpage is intended to help people enjoy a more green lifestyle by making simple adjustments. It details steps consumers can take to make informed energy decisions, save money on monthly bills, become more energy efficient, and protect the environment. These money saving tips include

437

A Census of Precipitation Features in the Tropics Using TRMM: Radar, Ice Scattering, and Lightning Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An algorithm has been developed to identify precipitation features (?75 km2 in size) in two land and two ocean regions during August, September, and October 1998. It uses data from two instruments on the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) ...

Stephen W. Nesbitt; Edward J. Zipser; Daniel J. Cecil

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

An unsupervised language independent method of name discrimination using second order co-occurrence features  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Previous work by Pedersen, Purandare and Kulkarni (2005) has resulted in an unsupervised method of name discrimination that represents the context in which an ambiguous name occurs using second order cooccurrence features. These contexts are then ...

Ted Pedersen; Anagha Kulkarni; Roxana Angheluta; Zornitsa Kozareva; Thamar Solorio

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

The Amplitude Asymmetry between Synoptic Cyclones and Anticyclones: Implications for Filtering Methods in Feature Tracking  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The background state is commonly removed from synoptic fields by use of either a spatial or temporal filter prior to the application of feature tracking. Commonly used spatial and temporal filters applied to sea level pressure data admit ...

Aaron Donohoe; David S. Battisti

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

European Fusion Theory Conference Non-local features of transport in the axial tokamak region  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

9th European Fusion Theory Conference Non-local features of transport in the axial tokamak region J.P. Christiansen and P. Helander EURATOM/UKAEA Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 3DB

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nearby offline features" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Science.gov, Now with Multimedia, New Search Features, Spanish Translations  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

gov, Now with Multimedia, New Search Features, Spanish Translations gov, Now with Multimedia, New Search Features, Spanish Translations Spanish Version Debuted October 9, 2012 Science.gov, Now with Multimedia, New Search Features, Spanish Translations Spanish Version Debuted Oak Ridge, TN - Science.gov, the gateway to U.S. federal science hosted by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI), now includes multimedia content and additional features, including an updated interface with enhanced navigation, to help users find the science information they need. For the first time, R&D video from the DOE ScienceCinema is available as well as from MedlinePLUS, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), and the National Science Foundation (NSF). Images from the Library of Congress have been added to the image search which is

442

Mesoscale Features and Cloud Organization on 1012 December 1978 over the South China Sea  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aircraft data from Winter MONEX have been combined with other data to study mesoscale features, and organization of cumulus clouds, on 1012 December 1978. A moderate cold surge in the northeasterly monsoon flow, toward cloudiness in an ...

Charles Warner

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Modification of Multiresolution Feature Analysis for Application to Three-Dimensional Atmospheric Wind Fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multiresolution feature analysis (MFA), as originally proposed for estimating the fractal dimension of two-dimensional scalar fields, is described. MFA applies specified correlation filters to a data field (such as a gray-scale image) at ...

F. L. Ludwig; Robert L. Street

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Estimating the Orientation and Spacing of Midlatitude Linear Convective Boundary Layer Features: Cloud Streets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Linear features in a clear convective boundary layer (CBL) over the North Atlantic Ocean were studied during a weak cold air outbreak using a down-looking airborne lidar. Sequential lidar profiles were placed together and color coded to provide ...

S. H. Melfi; Stephen P. Palm

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Striatal dopamine influences the default mode network to affect shifting between object features  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cognitive flexibility or the ability to change behavior in response to external cues is conceptualized as two processes: one for shifting between perceptual features of objects and another for shifting between the abstract rules governing the selection ...

Linh C. Dang; Aneesh Donde; Cindee Madison; James P. O'Neil; William J. Jagust

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Design and comparison of different evolution strategies for feature selection and consolidation in music classification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Music classification is a complex problem which has gained high relevance for organizing large music collections. Different parameters concerning feature extraction, selection, processing and classification have a strong impact on the categorization ...

I. Vatolkin; W. Theimer; G. Rudolph

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Mesoscale Features Associated with Tropical Cyclone Formations in the Western North Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The mesoscale features of 124 tropical cyclone formations in the western North Pacific Ocean during 19992004 are investigated through large-scale analyses, satellite infrared brightness temperature (TB), and Quick Scatterometer (QuikSCAT) ...

Cheng-Shang Lee; Kevin K. W. Cheung; Jenny S. N. Hui; Russell L. Elsberry

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Feature Modeling: A Meta-Model to Enhance Usability and Usefulness  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A feature model captures the stakeholder-visible aspects and characteristics of a product line. By revealing a product line's inherent commonalities and variabilities, it acts as a key driver in the creation of core assets. Usability and usefulness, ...

Dniel Fey; Rbert Fajta; Andrs Boros

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

The Feasibility of Estimating Ocean Surface Currents on an Operational Basis Using Satellite Feature Tracking Methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The feasibility of using a relatively new technique, often referred to as satellite feature tracking, for estimating ocean surface currents is described. Sequential satellite imagery is used to determine the displacements of selected ocean ...

L. C. Breaker; D. B. Rao; V. M. Krasnopolsky; X-H. Yan

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

The Role of Mesoscale Features in a Wintertime Great Lakes Cyclone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An analysis documenting the role of synoptic and surface mesoscale features in a cyclone has been conducted to determine the physical processes responsible for a large snowfall observed over south-central Wisconsin on 25 January 1988. Synoptic ...

Steven R. Silberberg

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Feature extraction for decision-theoretic planning in partially observable environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this article, we propose a feature extraction technique for decision-theoretic planning problems in partially observable stochastic domains and show a novel approach for solving them. To maximize an expected future reward, all the agent has to do ...

Hajime Fujita; Yutaka Nakamura; Shin Ishii

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Synthesizing image representations of linguistic and topological features for predicting areas of attention  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Depending on the reading objective or task, text portions with certain linguistic features require more user attention to maximize the level of understanding. The goal is to build a predictor of these text areas. Our strategy consists in synthesizing ...

Pascual Martnez-Gmez; Tadayoshi Hara; Chen Chen; Kyohei Tomita; Yoshinobu Kano; Akiko Aizawa

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

A Comparison of Recent Reanalysis Datasets Using Objective Feature Tracking: Storm Tracks and Tropical Easterly Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data from four recent reanalysis projects [ECMWF, NCEPNCAR, NCEPDepartment of Energy (DOE), NASA] have been diagnosed at the scale of synoptic weather systems using an objective feature tracking method. The tracking statistics indicate that, ...

K. I. Hodges; B. J. Hoskins; J. Boyle; C. Thorncroft

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Necessary and sufficient conditions for high-dimensional salient feature subset recovery  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider recovering the salient feature subset for distinguishing between two probability models from i.i.d. samples. Identifying the salient set improves discrimination performance and reduces complexity. The focus in ...

Tan, Vincent Yan Fu

455

Objects and Categories: Feature Statistics and Object Processing in the Ventral Stream  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Citation: *Tyler, L.K., Chiu, S., Zhuang, J., Randall, B., Devereux, B.J., Wright, P., Clarke, A; & Taylor, K.I.* (in press). Objects and categories: Feature statistics and object processing in the ventral stream. /Journal of Cognitive...

Tyler, L.K.; Chiu, S.; Zhuang, J.; Randall, B.; Devereux, B.J.; Wright, P.; Clarke, A.; Taylor, K.I.

2013-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

456

Capitalization of energy efficient features into home values in the Austin, Texas real estate market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Volatile and rising energy prices have made consumers aware of their opportunity costs for energy. Information on the cost-savings of energy efficient features in homes has not been well researched to date and is an option ...

Amado, Antonio R

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Synoptic-Scale Features Associated with Warm Season Heavy Rainfall over the Interior Southeastern United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Previous research has established links between heavy rainfall and a wide variety of synoptic features and parameters. In this study, 312 heavy rainfall events are identified over the southeastern United States and used to construct a synoptic ...

Charles E. Konrad II

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Some Features of the Climatology of the Middle Atmosphere Revealed by Nimbus 5 and 6  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A scheme for deriving three-dimensional horizontal and vertical velocity fields from global satellite temperature data is described and applied to the new COSPAR International Reference Atmosphere (CIRA) to illustrate some features of the ...

C. J. Marks

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Surface Pressure Features of Landfalling Typhoon Rainbands and Their Possible Causes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study uses temporally high-resolution surface observations, Doppler radar, and micro rain radar to document the finescale features of the two landfalling rainbands associated with Typhoon Longwang (2005) as they passed over northern Taiwan. ...

Cheng-Ku Yu; Chia-Lun Tsai

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

The Relationship between EMEX Mesoscale Precipitation Feature Properties and Their Environmental Characteristics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Characteristics of the prestorm environment of Equatorial Mesoscale Experiment (EMEX) mesoscale precipitation features (MPFs) are related to properties of them systems using regression analysis. Although environmental thermodynamic parameters are ...

G. David Alexander; George S. Young

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nearby offline features" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Significance of joint features derived from the modified group delay function in speech processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates the significance of combining cepstral features derived from the modified group delay function and from the short-time spectral magnitude like the MFCC. The conventional group delay function fails to capture the resonant structure ...

Rajesh M. Hegde; Hema A. Murthy; V. R. R. Gadde

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Detecting Gulf of Mexico Oceanographic Features in Summer Using AVHRR Channel 3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Efforts to monitor the Gulf of Mexico Loop Current and mesoscale ocean features using IR satellite imagery in the summertime have been significantly hindered by 1) strong surface heating that masks surface frontal gradients and 2) extremely high ...

Douglas A. May; Jeffrey0 Hawkins; Robert L. Pickett

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Image features for misalignment correction in medical flat-detector CT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: Misalignment artifacts are a serious problem in medical flat-detector computed tomography. Generally, the geometrical parameters, which are essential for reconstruction, are provided by preceding calibration routines. These procedures are time consuming and the later use of stored parameters is sensitive toward external impacts or patient movement. The method of choice in a clinical environment would be a markerless online-calibration procedure that allows flexible scan trajectories and simultaneously corrects misalignment and motion artifacts during the reconstruction process. Therefore, different image features were evaluated according to their capability of quantifying misalignment. Methods: Projections of the FORBILD head and thorax phantoms were simulated. Additionally, acquisitions of a head phantom and patient data were used for evaluation. For the reconstruction different sources and magnitudes of misalignment were introduced in the geometry description. The resulting volumes were analyzed by entropy (based on the gray-level histogram), total variation, Gabor filter texture features, Haralick co-occurrence features, and Tamura texture features. The feature results were compared to the back-projection mismatch of the disturbed geometry. Results: The evaluations demonstrate the ability of several well-established image features to classify misalignment. The authors elaborated the particular suitability of the gray-level histogram-based entropy on identifying misalignment artifacts, after applying an appropriate window level (bone window). Conclusions: Some of the proposed feature extraction algorithms show a strong correlation with the misalignment level. Especially, entropy-based methods showed very good correspondence, with the best of these being the type that uses the gray-level histogram for calculation. This makes it a suitable image feature for online-calibration.

Wicklein, Julia; Kunze, Holger; Kalender, Willi A.; Kyriakou, Yiannis [Institute of Medical Physics, University of Erlangen-Nuernberg, Henkestrasse 91, 91052 Erlangen (Germany); Siemens AG, Healthcare Sector, Siemensstrasse 1, 91301 Forchheim (Germany); Institute of Medical Physics, University of Erlangen-Nuernberg, Henkestrasse 91, 91052 Erlangen (Germany); Siemens AG, Healthcare Sector, Siemensstrasse 1, 91301 Forchheim (Germany)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

464

A Pattern Recognition Feature Optimization Tool Using the Visual Empirical Region of Influence Algorithm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document is the second in a series that describe graphical user interface tools developed to control the Visual Empirical Region of Influence (VERI) algorithm. In this paper we describe a user interface designed to optimize the VERI algorithm results. The optimization mode uses a brute force method of searching through the combinations of features in a data set for features that produce the best pattern recognition results. With a small number of features in a data set an exact solution can be determined. However, the number of possible combinations increases exponentially with the number of features and an alternate means of finding a solution must be found. We developed and implemented a technique for finding solutions in data sets with both small and large numbers of features. This document illustrates step-by-step examples of how to use the interface and how to interpret the results. It is written in two parts, part I deals with using the interface to find the best combination from all possible sets of features, part II describes how to use the tool to find a good solution in data sets with a large number of features. The VERI Optimization Interface Tool was written using the Tcl/Tk Graphical User Interface (GUI) programming language, version 8.1. Although the Tcl/Tk packages are designed to run on multiple computer platforms, we have concentrated our efforts to develop a user interface for the ubiquitous DOS environment. The VERI algorithms are compiled, executable programs. The optimization interface executes the VERI algorithm in Leave-One-Out mode using the Euclidean metric. For a thorough description of the type of data analysis we perform, and for a general Pattern Recognition tutorial, refer to our website at: http://www.sandia.gov/imrl/XVisionScience/Xusers.htm.

MARTINEZ, RUBEL F.

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

MICROSTRUCTURAL FEATURES AFFECTING PROPERTIES AND AGING OF TRITIUM-EXPOSED AUSTENTIC STAINLESS STEEL  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A project to implement a life-cycle engineering approach to tritium reservoirs has been initiated through the DOE - Technology Investment Projects. The first task in the project was to develop a comprehensive list of microstructural features that impact the aging performance of the tritium reservoirs. Each of the participating sites (SRNL, SNL, LANL, KCP) independently developed a list of features deemed integral to tritium reservoir performance based upon operational and design experience. An integrated list of features was ultimately developed by the project team that could be included in the modeling process. The features of interest were chosen based upon their impact on the following key factors in controlling crack growth: (1) the H/He solubility or diffusivity within the materials, (2) the stress/strain state at the crack tip, (3) material threshold for crack extension, and (4) microstructure based fracture distance, commonly estimated by grain size for intergranular fracture. Wherever possible, key references were identified to substantiate the effects on the tritium embrittlement phenomenon of the various microstructural features. Each of these features was chosen based upon their impact to the cracking phenomenon of interest. The features chosen were typically associated with orientation, morphology, and distribution of phases and inclusions, grain and grain boundary characteristics, and initial mechanical properties. Phase and inclusion content and distribution were determined to play a key role in the cracking phenomenon. The presence of {delta}-ferrite in the weld and strain-induced martensite in the primarily austenitic matrix are known to facilitate hydrogen diffusion and the interfaces have been observed as a hydrogen assisted fracture path. The morphology, size, and distribution of inclusions and precipitates, particularly on the grain boundaries, influence cracking since they trap hydrogen and facilitate intergranular fracture. Compositional banding and nitrogen concentration were also included as features of interest. The microstructural features of interest included (1) grain size, shape, and orientation; (2) dislocation structure and distribution, or recovered vs. un-recovered. The grain size and orientation affect the grain boundary fracture stress and the hydrogen solubility and diffusion paths. The dislocation structure and distribution play a role in hydrogen trapping as well as potentially affecting the hydrogen assisted fracture path. The initial mechanical and physical properties that are to be included in the investigation are yield stress, fracture toughness, work-hardening capacity, threshold hydrogen cracking stress intensity and stacking-fault energy.

Subramanian, K; Michael Morgan, M

2004-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

466

Profile evolution of Cr masked features undergoing HBr-inductivelycoupled plasma etching for use in 25 nm silicon nanoimprinttemplates  

SciTech Connect

In nanoimprint template fabrication, the profile of thetemplate features plays a significant role in the profile,release-60084

Olynick, Deirdre L.; Liddle, J. Alexander; Rangelow, Ivo W.

2005-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

467

Simultaneous imaging electron- and ion-feature Thomson scattering measurements of radiatively heated Xe  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Uniform density and temperature Xe plasmas have been produced over >4 mm scale-lengths using x-rays generated in a cylindrical Pb cavity. The cavity is 750 {mu}m in depth and diameter, and is heated by a 300 J, 2 ns square, 1054 nm laser pulse focused to a spot size of 200 {mu}m at the cavity entrance. The plasma is characterized by simultaneous imaging Thomson scattering measurements from both the electron and ion scattering features. The electron feature measurement determines the spatial electron density and temperature profile, and using these parameters as constraints in the ion feature analysis allows an accurate determination of the charge state of the Xe ions. The Thomson scattering probe beam is 40 J, 200 ps, and 527 nm, and is focused to a 100 {mu}m spot size at the entrance of the Pb cavity. Each system has a spatial resolution of 25 {mu}m, a temporal resolution of 200 ps (as determined by the probe duration), and a spectral resolution of 2 nm for the electron feature system and 0.025 nm for the ion feature system. The experiment is performed in a Xe filled target chamber at a neutral pressure of 3-10 Torr, and the x-rays produced in the Pb ionize and heat the Xe to a charge state of 20{+-}4 at up to 200 eV electron temperatures.

Pollock, B. B. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 7000 East Ave., Livermore, California 94550 (United States); University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Dr., La Jolla, California 92093 (United States); Meinecke, J. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 7000 East Ave., Livermore, California 94550 (United States); University of Oxford, Wellington Square, Oxford, OX1 2JD (United Kingdom); Kuschel, S.; Ross, J. S.; Divol, L.; Glenzer, S. H. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 7000 East Ave., Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Shaw, J. L. [University of California, Los Angeles, 405 Hilgard Ave., Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States); Stoafer, C. [Columbia University, 116th Street and Broadway, New York, New York 10027 (United States); Tynan, G. R. [University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Dr., La Jolla, California 92093 (United States)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

468

The Strengths of Near-Infrared Absorption Features Relevant to Interstellar and Planetary Ices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The abundances of ices in planetary environments have historically been obtained through measurements of near-infrared absorption features (lambda = 1.0-2.5 microns), and near-IR transmission measurements of materials present in the interstellar medium are becoming more common. For transmission measurements, the band strength (or absorption intensity) of an absorption feature must be known in order to determine the column density of an ice component. In the experiments presented here, we have measured the band strengths of the near-IR absorption features for several molecules relevant to the study of interstellar icy grain mantles and icy planetary bodies: CO (carbon monoxide), CO2 (carbon dioxide), C3O2 (carbon suboxide), CH4 (methane), H2O (water), CH3OH (methanol), and NH3 (ammonia). During a vacuum deposition, the sizes of the near-IR features were correlated with that of a studied mid-IR feature whose strength is well known from previous ice studies. These data may be used to determine ice abundances fro...

Gerakines, P A; Davis, A; Richey, C R

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Day Two of 2012 ARPA-E Summit Will Feature Bill Gates, Secretary Chu and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Day Two of 2012 ARPA-E Summit Will Feature Bill Gates, Secretary Day Two of 2012 ARPA-E Summit Will Feature Bill Gates, Secretary Chu and America's Top Energy Thought Leaders Day Two of 2012 ARPA-E Summit Will Feature Bill Gates, Secretary Chu and America's Top Energy Thought Leaders February 28, 2012 - 7:02am Addthis Washington D.C. - This week, the Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E) is hosting its third annual Energy Innovation Summit, which is designed to unite key players from all sectors of America's energy innovation community to share ideas for how to lead the world in the development of next generation clean energy technologies, develop our nation's energy resources, and build an American economy that lasts. Tomorrow's full agenda with speakers is below. For specific press requests, please contact Keri Fulton at keri.fulton@hq.doe.gov.

470

November 27 Webinar to Feature Broad Array of Tribal Energy Development  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

November 27 Webinar to Feature Broad Array of Tribal Energy November 27 Webinar to Feature Broad Array of Tribal Energy Development Resources November 27 Webinar to Feature Broad Array of Tribal Energy Development Resources November 20, 2013 - 4:50pm Addthis The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Indian Energy, the DOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's (EERE) Tribal Energy Program, and the Western Area Power Administration (Western) will present the next Tribal Renewable Energy Series webinar, Resources Available for Tribal Energy Project Development, on Wednesday, November 27, 2013. "There is a growing body of knowledge that DOE is has worked diligently to document and make available to Tribes who are looking to move their energy projects forward," said DOE Office of Indian Energy Acting

471

New DOE Best Practices Manual Features Top Strategies for Carbon Storage  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New DOE Best Practices Manual Features Top Strategies for Carbon New DOE Best Practices Manual Features Top Strategies for Carbon Storage Wells New DOE Best Practices Manual Features Top Strategies for Carbon Storage Wells June 7, 2012 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - Best practices for managing wells used to store carbon dioxide (CO2) in geologic formations are the focus of a publication just released by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)'s National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). The newest manual in the Department's series on current best practices associated with carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS), Carbon Storage Systems and Well Management Activities covers the planning, permitting, design, drilling, implementation, and decommissioning of CO2 storage wells. The manual builds on lessons learned through NETL research,

472

ARPA-E Announces 2012 Energy Innovation Summit Featuring Bill Gates, Fred  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Announces 2012 Energy Innovation Summit Featuring Bill Announces 2012 Energy Innovation Summit Featuring Bill Gates, Fred Smith and Lee Scott ARPA-E Announces 2012 Energy Innovation Summit Featuring Bill Gates, Fred Smith and Lee Scott September 9, 2011 - 9:25am Addthis New York, NY - The U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E) Director, Arun Majumdar, announced yesterday that the Agency will hold its third annual ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit from February 27 - 29, 2012 at the Gaylord Convention Center just outside Washington, D.C. Bill Gates, founder and chairman of Microsoft; Fred Smith, chairman, president and CEO of FedEx; and Lee Scott, former CEO of Wal-Mart; will join Secretary Chu and Director Majumdar as distinguished keynote speakers. "After two successful Summits, I'm excited to once again bring some of

473

Special Feature: National Security & Public Safety at the National Labs |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Special Feature: National Security & Public Safety at the National Special Feature: National Security & Public Safety at the National Labs Special Feature: National Security & Public Safety at the National Labs December 4, 2013 - 4:10pm Addthis In the photo above, a robot investigates a bomb threat at an arcade during the 2013 Robot Rodeo at Sandia Labs. The operators are not allowed to turn on the lights or turn off the machines, complicating the operation. | Photo by Randy Montoya, Sandia National Laboratories. In the photo above, a robot investigates a bomb threat at an arcade during the 2013 Robot Rodeo at Sandia Labs. The operators are not allowed to turn on the lights or turn off the machines, complicating the operation. | Photo by Randy Montoya, Sandia National Laboratories. Ben Dotson Ben Dotson Project Coordinator for Digital Reform, Office of Public Affairs

474

OE's SGIG Program Featured in EnergyBiz Magazine | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

OE's SGIG Program Featured in EnergyBiz Magazine OE's SGIG Program Featured in EnergyBiz Magazine OE's SGIG Program Featured in EnergyBiz Magazine September 10, 2012 - 11:24am Addthis An article in the September/October issue of EnergyBiz focuses on DOE's Smart Grid Investment Grant program and praises its impact on technology and the workforce in the energy sector. To illustrate the range of the program, the article highlights two grantees: the Western Electricity Coordinating Council's $108 million synchrophasor project in the Western Interconnection, and Talquin Electric Cooperative in Florida, with a $16 million project to upgrade infrastructure and service in an area where until recently customers read their own meters to determine their bills. OE's Deputy Assistant Secretary for Research & Development, Hank

475

Day Three of 2012 ARPA-E Summit Will Feature President Bill Clinton, ARPA-E  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Day Three of 2012 ARPA-E Summit Will Feature President Bill Day Three of 2012 ARPA-E Summit Will Feature President Bill Clinton, ARPA-E Director Majumdar, and America's Top Energy Thought Leaders Day Three of 2012 ARPA-E Summit Will Feature President Bill Clinton, ARPA-E Director Majumdar, and America's Top Energy Thought Leaders February 29, 2012 - 6:59am Addthis Washington D.C. - This week, the Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E) is hosting its third annual Energy Innovation Summit. With over 2,400 registered attendees, the Summit is designed to unite key players from all sectors of America's energy innovation community to share ideas for how to lead the world in the development of next generation clean energy technologies, develop our nation's energy resources, and build an American economy that lasts.

476

ScienceEducation.gov Featured on the new White House Innovation Gallery |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ScienceEducation.gov Featured on the new White House Innovation ScienceEducation.gov Featured on the new White House Innovation Gallery ScienceEducation.gov Featured on the new White House Innovation Gallery December 10, 2010 - 10:27am Addthis Andy Oare Andy Oare Former New Media Strategist, Office of Public Affairs The White House recently posted ScienceEducation.gov (beta version) to its Innovations Gallery - a part of the White House Open Government Initiative. The Innovations Gallery celebrates the innovations that advance the President's commitment to a more open and effective government. At the Innovations Gallery, the public can browse new ways in which agencies across the Executive branch are promoting transparency, participation, and collaboration to achieve their mission. ScienceEducation.gov has been identified by OSTP as a new way of championing open government.

477

Day Two of 2012 ARPA-E Summit Will Feature Bill Gates, Secretary Chu and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Two of 2012 ARPA-E Summit Will Feature Bill Gates, Secretary Two of 2012 ARPA-E Summit Will Feature Bill Gates, Secretary Chu and America's Top Energy Thought Leaders Day Two of 2012 ARPA-E Summit Will Feature Bill Gates, Secretary Chu and America's Top Energy Thought Leaders February 28, 2012 - 7:02am Addthis Washington D.C. - This week, the Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E) is hosting its third annual Energy Innovation Summit, which is designed to unite key players from all sectors of America's energy innovation community to share ideas for how to lead the world in the development of next generation clean energy technologies, develop our nation's energy resources, and build an American economy that lasts. Tomorrow's full agenda with speakers is below. For specific press requests, please contact Keri Fulton at keri.fulton@hq.doe.gov.

478

NNSA Highly Enriched Uranium Removal Featured on The Rachel Maddow Show |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Highly Enriched Uranium Removal Featured on The Rachel Maddow Highly Enriched Uranium Removal Featured on The Rachel Maddow Show NNSA Highly Enriched Uranium Removal Featured on The Rachel Maddow Show March 22, 2012 - 11:37am Addthis NNSA Administrator Thomas D’Agostino appeared live last night to break the news with Rachel Maddow that all remaining weapons-usable material has been successfully removed from Mexico. | Photo courtesy of the NNSA. NNSA Administrator Thomas D'Agostino appeared live last night to break the news with Rachel Maddow that all remaining weapons-usable material has been successfully removed from Mexico. | Photo courtesy of the NNSA. Michael Hess Michael Hess Former Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What's the difference between HEU and LEU? Highly enriched uranium (HEU) has a greater than 20 percent

479

New DOE Best Practices Manual Features Top Strategies for Carbon Storage  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE Best Practices Manual Features Top Strategies for Carbon DOE Best Practices Manual Features Top Strategies for Carbon Storage Wells New DOE Best Practices Manual Features Top Strategies for Carbon Storage Wells June 7, 2012 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - Best practices for managing wells used to store carbon dioxide (CO2) in geologic formations are the focus of a publication just released by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)'s National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). The newest manual in the Department's series on current best practices associated with carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS), Carbon Storage Systems and Well Management Activities covers the planning, permitting, design, drilling, implementation, and decommissioning of CO2 storage wells. The manual builds on lessons learned through NETL research,

480

Electric Car Featuring High-Tech Material Made in the USA Makes Its Debut |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electric Car Featuring High-Tech Material Made in the USA Makes Its Electric Car Featuring High-Tech Material Made in the USA Makes Its Debut Electric Car Featuring High-Tech Material Made in the USA Makes Its Debut September 24, 2013 - 3:01pm Addthis Carbon fiber material produced at SGL Automotive Carbon Fibers in Moses Lake, Wash. (Photo courtesy of SGL Automotive Carbon Fibers) Carbon fiber material produced at SGL Automotive Carbon Fibers in Moses Lake, Wash. (Photo courtesy of SGL Automotive Carbon Fibers) Carbon fiber under production at SGL Automotive Carbon Fibers. The facility's construction resulted in 200 jobs. (Photo courtesy of SGL Automotive Carbon Fibers) Carbon fiber under production at SGL Automotive Carbon Fibers. The facility's construction resulted in 200 jobs. (Photo courtesy of SGL Automotive Carbon Fibers)

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481

Unique design features of the SMUDPV1 1MW /SUB AC/ photovoltaic central station powerplant  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses the unique and innovative balance of system design features incorporated into the SMUDPV1 1MW /SUB ac/ photovoltaic central station powerplant design. These include: single-axis flat-plate tracking arrays, resistance grounded dc neutral, dc fault detection and location systems and other features designed to maximize the value of the plant to the utility, while complying with standard utility design practices and standards. The paper presents the design criteria and selection rationale, design description and expected cost and performance implications to PV1 and future large-scale photovoltaic powerplants.

Daniels, R.E.; Dilts, B.; Rosen, D.J.

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

482