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1

Photolysis of solid NH{sub 3} and NH{sub 3}-H{sub 2}O mixtures at 193 nm  

SciTech Connect

We have studied UV photolysis of solid ammonia and ammonia-dihydrate samples at 40 K, using infrared spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, and microgravimetry. We have shown that in the pure NH{sub 3} sample, the main species ejected are NH{sub 3}, H{sub 2}, and N{sub 2}, where the hydrogen and nitrogen increase with laser fluence. This increase in N{sub 2} ejection with laser fluence explains the increase in mass loss rate detected by a microbalance. In contrast, for the ammonia-water mixture, we see very weak signals of H{sub 2} and N{sub 2} in the mass spectrometer, consistent with the very small mass loss during the experiment and with a <5% decrease in the NH{sub 3} infrared absorption bands spectroscopy after a fluence of {approx}3 x 10{sup 19} photons/cm{sup 2}. The results imply that ammonia-ice mixtures in the outer solar system are relatively stable under solar irradiation.

Loeffler, M. J. [Astrochemistry Laboratory, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 691, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771 (United States); Laboratory for Atomic and Surface Physics, Engineering Physics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22904 (United States); Baragiola, R. A. [Laboratory for Atomic and Surface Physics, Engineering Physics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22904 (United States)

2010-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

2

NE-20  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

hi v. !&-2:. hi v. !&-2:. /qL lo 1 OCT 2 9 1984 NE-20 -. Authorization for Remedial Action of the Ashland 2 Site, Tonawanda, New York f! Joe LaGrone, Manager Oak Ridge Operations Office Based on the Aerial Radiological Survey (Attachment 1) and a "walk-on" radiologlcal survey (Attachment 2 , excerpted from the ORNL draft report "Ground-Level Investigation of Anomalous Gamma Radiation Levels in the Tonawanda, New York, Area," January 1980), the property identified as Ashland 2 is authorized for remedial action. It should be noted that the attached survey data are for designation purposes only and Bechtel National, Inc. (EM), should conduct appropriate comprehensive characterization surveys to determine the extent and magnitude of the

3

NE-23,  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

t:"'. ? - ' t:"'. ? - ' y5 NE-23, wk$& Dr. Joseph A. Warburton Chainnan, Radiological and Toxicological Safety Board University of Nevada System DRI/ASC, P.O. Box 60220 Reno, Nevada 89506 Dear Dr. Warburton: The Department of Energy (DOE), as part of its Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP), has reviewed information on the Mackay School of M ines facility at the University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada, to determine whether it contains residual radioactivity traceable to activities conducted on behalf of the Atomic Energy Commission (a predecessor to DOE). A radiological survey indicated that the radiation levels at the involved portion of the facility are at or near background levtrls. Therefore, no remedial action is required, and DGE is eliminating

4

NE-24  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

VW- VW- 50 "id AU6 3 1983 NE-24 .' . _ : ' : R&D Decontamination Projects Under the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Actlon Program (FUSRAP) '_ F .- ,: 'J,.LaGrone, Manager . Oak Ridge Operations Office As a result of the House-Senate Conference Report and the Energy and Water Appropriations Act for FY 1984, and based on the data in the attached reports indicating radioactive contamination in excess of acceptable guidelines, the sites listed in the attachment and their respective vicinity properties (contaminated with radioactive materials from these sites) are being designated as decontamination research and development projects under the FUSRAP. Each site and the associated vicinity properties should be treated as a separate project. The objective of each project is to decontaminate the vicinity properties

5

NE Blog Archive  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ne/blog-archive 1000 Independence Ave. SWWashington DC ne/blog-archive 1000 Independence Ave. SWWashington DC 20585202-586-5000 en Generation IV International Forum Updates Technology Roadmap and Builds Future Collaboration http://energy.gov/ne/articles/generation-iv-international-forum-updates-technology-roadmap-and-builds-future ne/articles/generation-iv-international-forum-updates-technology-roadmap-and-builds-future" class="title-link">Generation IV International Forum Updates Technology Roadmap and Builds Future Collaboration

6

MiniBooNE  

SciTech Connect

To begin, we examine the relationship between MiniBooNE and the neutrino beam geometry at Fermilab. In Figure 1, a schematic representation is shown of the plan view of the location of MiniBooNE relative to SciBooNE and the NuMI target, where it can be seen that SciBooNE and MiniBooNE share the same beamline and neutrino flux, and therefore share some of the same systematic effects -- A combined analysis between the two experimental groups could yield a superior result compared to segregated individual analysis. MiniBooNE makes an angle of 6.3 degrees with the NuMI beamline, an off-axis measurement if you will, that provides a relatively high yield of electron neutrinos from kaon decay. Furthermore, the proton beam incident on the MiniBooNE target possesses a 53 MHz structure that will be important in timing studies related to the low energy excess. Let's review of the results of the MiniBooNE: As is well known, MiniBooNE, a test of the LSND effect [1], adds experimental inspiration to the possible existence of new phenomena; although two neutrino-family oscillations were shown to be an unlikely candidate to explain the LSND effect, a low energy excess of 3.0 sigma in the neutrino sector at energies between 200 to 475 MeV [2] - an effect that appears to have no counterpart in the antineutrino sector [3], combined with the 3.8 sigma LSND result - at roughly 50 MeV - strains phenomenology for insight. Miniboones continues to run and collect antineutrino data; will combine disappearance analysis with SciBooNE; take data from the NuMI target, an unusual source with a potentially new look at the low energy anomaly; and use beam timing techniques to further constrain phenomenological models. In this paper we will review current topics related to MiniBooNE and other associated experiments and phenomenology.

Stefanski, Ray; /Fermilab

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Public Service Co of NH | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NH NH (Redirected from PSNH) Jump to: navigation, search Name Public Service Co of NH Place New Hampshire Service Territory New Hampshire Website www.psnh.com Green Button Landing Page www.psnh.com/SaveEnergyMo Green Button Reference Page www.psnh.com/SaveEnergyMo Green Button Implemented Yes Utility Id 15472 Utility Location Yes Ownership I NERC Location NPCC NERC NPCC Yes ISO NE Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] LinkedIn Connections

8

Eliyahu Ne'eman  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Eliyahu Ne'eman Eliyahu Ne'eman Consulting Engineer on Lighting and Daylighting Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory This speaker was a visiting speaker who delivered a talk or talks on the date(s) shown at the links below. This speaker is not otherwise associated with Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, unless specifically identified as a Berkeley Lab staff member. Eliyahu Ne'eman is a leading international expert on lighting and daylighting. He has been involved in education, research and practice for over 40 years while working in Israel, UK, Germany and the US(LBNL). He has worked extensively in the area of occupant response in luminous spaces and he has been leading the CIE Task Group that has revised the CIE Museum Lighting Guide. This Speaker's Seminars Control of Damage to Museum Objects by Optical Radiation

9

Public Service Co of NH | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Name Public Service Co of NH Name Public Service Co of NH Place New Hampshire Service Territory New Hampshire Website www.psnh.com Green Button Landing Page www.psnh.com/SaveEnergyMo Green Button Reference Page www.psnh.com/SaveEnergyMo Green Button Implemented Yes Utility Id 15472 Utility Location Yes Ownership I NERC Location NPCC NERC NPCC Yes ISO NE Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now!

10

Category:Concord, NH | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Go Back to PV Economics By Location Go Back to PV Economics By Location Media in category "Concord, NH" The following 16 files are in this category, out of 16 total. SVFullServiceRestaurant Concord NH Public Service Co of NH.png SVFullServiceRestauran... 74 KB SVHospital Concord NH Public Service Co of NH.png SVHospital Concord NH ... 75 KB SVLargeHotel Concord NH Public Service Co of NH.png SVLargeHotel Concord N... 74 KB SVLargeOffice Concord NH Public Service Co of NH.png SVLargeOffice Concord ... 76 KB SVMediumOffice Concord NH Public Service Co of NH.png SVMediumOffice Concord... 74 KB SVMidriseApartment Concord NH Public Service Co of NH.png SVMidriseApartment Con... 71 KB SVOutPatient Concord NH Public Service Co of NH.png SVOutPatient Concord N... 72 KB SVPrimarySchool Concord NH Public Service Co of NH.png

11

Category:Omaha, NE | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Omaha, NE Omaha, NE Jump to: navigation, search Go Back to PV Economics By Location Media in category "Omaha, NE" The following 16 files are in this category, out of 16 total. SVFullServiceRestaurant Omaha NE Omaha Public Power District.png SVFullServiceRestauran... 63 KB SVHospital Omaha NE Omaha Public Power District.png SVHospital Omaha NE Om... 61 KB SVLargeHotel Omaha NE Omaha Public Power District.png SVLargeHotel Omaha NE ... 61 KB SVLargeOffice Omaha NE Omaha Public Power District.png SVLargeOffice Omaha NE... 63 KB SVMediumOffice Omaha NE Omaha Public Power District.png SVMediumOffice Omaha N... 65 KB SVMidriseApartment Omaha NE Omaha Public Power District.png SVMidriseApartment Oma... 62 KB SVOutPatient Omaha NE Omaha Public Power District.png SVOutPatient Omaha NE ...

12

NE-23 W  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

>:-1. ,- '"CC3 >:-1. ,- '"CC3 . ' NE-23 .+ W h itm~ l-l& Mr. Victor 3. Canilov, Director Museum of Science and Industry East 57th Street and Lake Shore Drive Chicago, Illinois 60037 Dear kr. Danilov: The Department of Energy (DOE), as part of its Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSPSIP), has reviewed information on the Museum cf Science and Industry, Chicago, Illinois, to determine whether it contains residual radioactivity traceable to activities conducted on behalf of the Manhattan Engineer District or the Atomic Energy C o m m ission (predecessors to DOE). A radiological survey indicated that the radiation levels are equal to natural background. Therefore, no remedial action is required, ant DOE is eliminating the Museum of Science and Industry from further

13

NH NH NH NH  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

- Grand Station Foyer Continental Breakfast - Grand Station iii PoSt-CoMbuStion MeMbrane-baS Moderator - Jos Figueroa, U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Techno tueSday,...

14

Updated 6/10 Volunteer NH!  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Plant a garden 5 Hitchcock Hall Durham, NH 03824 Marianne Fortescue, Coordinator 603-862-2197 marianne.fortescue

Pohl, Karsten

15

US NE MA Site Consumption  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

NE MA NE MA Site Consumption million Btu $0 $500 $1,000 $1,500 $2,000 $2,500 $3,000 US NE MA Expenditures dollars ALL ENERGY average per household (excl. transportation) 0 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 10,000 12,000 US NE MA Site Consumption kilowatthours $0 $250 $500 $750 $1,000 $1,250 $1,500 US NE MA Expenditures dollars ELECTRICITY ONLY average per household * Massachusetts households use 109 million Btu of energy per home, 22% more than the U.S. average. * The higher than average site consumption results in households spending 22% more for energy than the U.S. average. * Less reliance on electricity for heating, as well as cool summers, keeps average site electricity consumption in the state low relative to other parts of the U.S. However, spending on electricity is closer to the national average due to higher

16

US NE MA Site Consumption  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

NE MA NE MA Site Consumption million Btu $0 $500 $1,000 $1,500 $2,000 $2,500 $3,000 US NE MA Expenditures dollars ALL ENERGY average per household (excl. transportation) 0 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 10,000 12,000 US NE MA Site Consumption kilowatthours $0 $250 $500 $750 $1,000 $1,250 $1,500 US NE MA Expenditures dollars ELECTRICITY ONLY average per household * Massachusetts households use 109 million Btu of energy per home, 22% more than the U.S. average. * The higher than average site consumption results in households spending 22% more for energy than the U.S. average. * Less reliance on electricity for heating, as well as cool summers, keeps average site electricity consumption in the state low relative to other parts of the U.S. However, spending on electricity is closer to the national average due to higher

17

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- R Brew Co - NH 01  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

R Brew Co - NH 01 R Brew Co - NH 01 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: R. BREW CO. (NH.01 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Concord , New Hampshire NH.01-1 Evaluation Year: 1994 NH.01-2 Site Operations: Conducted vacuum furnace tests using uranium and copper billets. NH.01-1 NH.01-3 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for contamination remote NH.01-2 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Uranium NH.01-1 NH.01-3 Radiological Survey(s): Yes - radiological monitoring during operations NH.01-3 Site Status: Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Also see Documents Related to R. BREW CO. NH.01-1 - Memorandum/Checklist; Landis to File; Subject: R. Brew

18

Overview of NE Research Programs  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NE Research Programs NE Research Programs Sue Lesica Office of Nuclear Energy U.S. Department of Energy July 31, 2013 2 R&D Budgets FY 2013 FY 2014 Congressional Request House Mark Senate Mark SMR Licensing Technical Support 62,999 70,000 110,000 70,000 Small Modular Reactor R&D 23,958 20,000 20,000 20,000 Next Generation Nuclear Plant 38,720 0 0 0 LWR Sustainability 24,218 21,500 21,500 21,500 Advanced Reactor Concepts 21,178 31,000 45,000 21,000 Reactor Concepts RD&D 108,075 72,500 86,500 62,500 Modeling and Simulation Hub 24,588 24,300 24,300 24,300 Crosscutting Technology Development 17,242 13,901 27,885 25,437 NEAMS 13,646 9,536 National Scientific Users Facility 14,563 14,563 14,563 14,563 Nuclear Energy Enabling Technologies 70,040 62,300 66,748 62,300

19

NE - Nuclear Energy - Energy Conservation Plan  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NUCLEAR ENERGY (NE) NUCLEAR ENERGY (NE) ENERGY CONSERVATION PLAN NE has heavily emphasized the use of flexiplace, both regular and situational. Since approximately 56 percent of NE staff use flexiplace, our plan is based on the Forrestal/Germantown (FORS/GTN) office spaces, and flexiplace office space. There are other common sense actions and policies that will be used to improve energy efficiency in the offices at both FORS and GTN. In the FORS/GTN office space: 1. Use flexiplace to the maximum extent possible. Saving an average of 1.5 gallons of gasoline per day per person (e.g., 13 miles per work x 2 = 26 miles, an average of 17 mpg), on a normal workday, NE employees save (56 percent of 145 = 71 times 1.2 days per pay period = 85.2 workdays x 1.5 gals = 127.8 gallons/pay

20

NH House Committee_April27 2005  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mercury Control Mercury Control Technology R&D Program for Coal-Fired Boilers Working Session of the New Hampshire House Science, Technology, & Energy Committee April 26, 2005 Concord, New Hampshire Thomas J. Feeley, III thomas.feeley@netl.doe.gov National Energy Technology Laboratory NH House Committee_April 2005 Mercury Control Technology Field Testing Program Performance/Cost Objectives * Have technologies ready for commercial demonstration by 2007 for all coals * Reduce "uncontrolled" Hg emissions by 50-70% * Reduce cost by 25-50% compared to baseline cost estimates Baseline Costs: $50,000 - $70,000 / lb Hg Removed 2000 Year Cost NH House Committee_April 2005 Stages of Mercury Control Technology Development DOE RD&D Model Lab/Bench/Pilot-Scale Testing Field Testing

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ne nh nm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

PNM Resources 2401 Aztec NE, MS-Z100  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PNM Resources PNM Resources 2401 Aztec NE, MS-Z100 Albuquerque, NM 87107 505-241-2025 Fax 505 241-2384 PNMResources.com October 29, 2013 Mr. Christopher Lawrence Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE-20) U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585 Submitted electronically via email to: Christopher.Lawrence@hq.doe.gov Dear Mr. Lawrence: Subject: Department of Energy (DOE)- Improving Performance of Federal Permitting and Review of Infrastructure Projects, Request for Information, 78 Fed. Reg. 53436 (Aug. 29, 2013) PNM Resources (PNMR) is an energy holding company with 2012 consolidated operating revenues of $1.3 billion. Through its regulated utilities, PNM and TNMP, PNMR serves electricity to more than 739,000 homes and businesses in New

22

Interatomic Coulombic decay following Ne 1s Auger decay in NeAr  

SciTech Connect

Using momentum-resolved electron-ion multicoincidence spectroscopy, we have investigated interatomic Coulombic decay (ICD) in the heteronuclear NeAr dimer following Ne 1s Auger decay. The measured intensity ratio for the three ICD transitions Ne{sup 2+}(2s{sup -1}2p{sup -1} {sup 1}P)Ar to Ne{sup 2+}(2p{sup -2} {sup 1}S)-Ar{sup +}(3p{sup -1}), Ne{sup 2+}(2s{sup -1}2p{sup -1} {sup 1}P)Ar to Ne{sup 2+}(2p{sup -2} {sup 1}D)-Ar{sup +}(3p{sup -1}), and Ne{sup 2+}(2s{sup -1}2p{sup -1} {sup 3}P)Ar to Ne{sup 2+}(2p{sup -2} {sup 3}P)-Ar{sup +}(3p{sup -1}) reasonably agree with predictions. The kinetic energy release distribution for the fragmentation to Ne{sup 2+}(2p{sup -2} {sup 1}D)-Ar{sup +}(3p{sup -1}) after the ICD transition from singlet Ne{sup 2+}(2s{sup -1}2p{sup -1} {sup 1}P)Ar state, which is a mirror image of the kinetic energy distribution of the emitted ICD electrons, suggests that the corresponding ICD rate is roughly two times lower than predicted by ab initio calculations.

Ouchi, T.; Sakai, K.; Fukuzawa, H.; Ueda, K. [Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Higuchi, I.; Tamenori, Y. [Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5198 (Japan); Demekhin, Ph. V.; Chiang, Y.-C.; Stoychev, S. D.; Kuleff, A. I. [Theoretische Chemie, Universitaet Heidelberg, D-69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Mazza, T. [Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Cimaina and Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita degli Studi di Milano, via Celoria 16, I-20133 Milano (Italy); Schoeffler, M. [Chemical Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Nagaya, K.; Yao, M. [Department of Physics, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan); Saito, N. [National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, National Meteorology Institute of Japan, Tsukuba 305-8568 (Japan)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

23

Category:Albuquerque, NM | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Albuquerque, NM Albuquerque, NM Jump to: navigation, search Go Back to PV Economics By Location Media in category "Albuquerque, NM" The following 16 files are in this category, out of 16 total. SVFullServiceRestaurant Albuquerque NM Public Service Co of NM.png SVFullServiceRestauran... 66 KB SVQuickServiceRestaurant Albuquerque NM Public Service Co of NM.png SVQuickServiceRestaura... 65 KB SVHospital Albuquerque NM Public Service Co of NM.png SVHospital Albuquerque... 80 KB SVLargeHotel Albuquerque NM Public Service Co of NM.png SVLargeHotel Albuquerq... 64 KB SVLargeOffice Albuquerque NM Public Service Co of NM.png SVLargeOffice Albuquer... 82 KB SVMediumOffice Albuquerque NM Public Service Co of NM.png SVMediumOffice Albuque... 69 KB SVMidriseApartment Albuquerque NM Public Service Co of NM.png

24

NE SARE Arbuscular Mycorrhiza Research following canola  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NE SARE Arbuscular Mycorrhiza Research Corn grown following canola Corn grown following soybeans The planting of canola, a non-mycorrhizal crop, has been shown to reduce arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi following canola. To address this problem, we intercropped canola with oats, a mycorrhizal crop

Kaye, Jason P.

25

,"Pittsburg, NH Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Pittsburg, NH Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf)",1,"Annual",2012 ,"Release Date:","172014" ,"Next...

26

NH Clean Power Act (New Hampshire) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NH Clean Power Act (New Hampshire) NH Clean Power Act (New Hampshire) NH Clean Power Act (New Hampshire) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State New Hampshire Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider NH Department of Environmental Services The Act calls for annual reductions of multiple pollutants, including SO2, Nox, CO2, and mercury. The Act calls for an 87% reduction in SO2 emissions and a 70% reduction in Nox emissions from 1999 levels. CO2 emissions are to be reduced to 1990 levels by the end of 2006. Act is implemented under NH Rules Env-A 2900. This act applies specifically to three existing fossil

27

NE Blog Archive | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Blog Archive Blog Archive NE Blog Archive RSS December 31, 2013 GIF Policy Group Meeting in Brussels, Belgium, November 2013 Generation IV International Forum Updates Technology Roadmap and Builds Future Collaboration The Generation IV International Forum (GIF) held its 36th Policy Group (PG) meeting on November 21-22 in Brussels, Belgium. The PG reviewed progress on a number of on-going actions and received progress reports from the GIF Experts Group (EG) and the GIF Senior Industry Advisory Panel (SIAP). December 12, 2013 The basics of small modular reactor technology explained. | Infographic by Sarah Gerrity, Energy Department. Advancing Small Modular Reactors: How We're Supporting Next-Gen Nuclear

28

Microsoft PowerPoint - NE- Milton  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

University University Program (NEUP) Presentation to Vice Presidents of Research and Development of Historically Black Colleges and Universities Ingrid M. Milton Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energy July 9, 2009 195725 (2) Overview The Office of Nuclear Energy (NE) is committed to strengthening the Nation's educational programs in nuclear science and engineering. * Established the Nuclear Energy University Program (NEUP). * Award grants and contracts through competitive selection process. NEUP enables universities to maintain and expand their nuclear science curriculum and programs to ensure future availability of technical experts for U.S. nuclear programs. * NEUP is managed by the Center for Advanced Energy Studies (CAES). 2 195725 (3) Nuclear Energy University Program -

29

Sandia National Laboratory (NM) Former Workers, Construction...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Former Workers, Construction Worker Screening Projects Sandia National Laboratory (NM) Former Workers, Construction Worker Screening Projects...

30

Mr. Andrew Wallo, III, NE-23  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

9% L'Enfam Plaza, S, W.. Warhin@on, D.C. 2002ijl74j Tekphow (202) 488ddO 9% L'Enfam Plaza, S, W.. Warhin@on, D.C. 2002ijl74j Tekphow (202) 488ddO 7117-03.87.cdy.'i3 23 September 1967 ~ s ~ Mr. Andrew Wallo, III, NE-23 Oivision of Facility & Site Decommissioning Projects U.S. Department of Energy Germantown, Maryland 20545 Dear Mr. Wallo: ELIMINATION RECOMMENDATION -- COLLEGES AND IJNIVFRSITIES , The attached elimination reconnnendation was prepar!ad in accordance with your suggestion during our meeting on 22 September! The recommendation includes 26 colleges and universities identified,in Enclosure 4 to Aerospace letter subject: Status of Actions - FUSRAP Site List, dated 27 May 1987; three institutions (Tufts College, University of Virginia, and the University of Washington) currently identified!on ithe FUSRAP list of sites under consideration; and six institutions recently iden-

31

REPLY TO ATTN OF NE-301  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

N\I&?' d,' g N\I&?' d,' g 4 DATE. fdov 2 5 1980 REPLY TO ATTN OF NE-301 .* - memoraadu SUBJECT Remedial Action for Linde Air Products Plant, Tonawanda, New York TO W. E. Mott, EV In view of the General Counsel's reconsideration of the authority to proceed with remedial action on this site and your determination that remedial action is needed to protect the public health and safety, we will include this site in our program for remedial action. of this memorandum. Oak Ridge is requested to do so by copy I am somewhat surprised at the urgency of remedial action which you implied in your memorandum since your previous memorandum designating this site stated that it has a low priority. The site radiological survey report DOE/EV-005/5 concludes that air and water contamination were below the non-occupational

32

NE Press Releases | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Press Releases Press Releases NE Press Releases RSS December 12, 2013 Energy Department Announces New Investment in Innovative Small Modular Reactor The Energy Department tannounced an award to NuScale Power LLC to support a new project to design, certify and help commercialize innovative small modular reactors in the United States. November 12, 2013 Public Invited to Comment on Draft Environmental Assessment for the Resumption of Transient Testing of Nuclear Fuels and Materials The U.S. Department of Energy invites the public to read and comment on a draft environmental assessment it has prepared for a proposal to resume transient testing of nuclear fuels and materials at either Idaho National Laboratory (INL) or Sandia National Laboratories (SNL). November 4, 2013 Factsheet: Second Meeting of the United States-Japan Bilateral Commission

33

Notices 888 First Street, NE., Washington, DC  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

11 Federal Register 11 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 122 / Friday, June 24, 2011 / Notices 888 First Street, NE., Washington, DC 20426. The filings in the above-referenced proceeding are accessible in the Commission's eLibrary system by clicking on the appropriate link in the above list. They are also available for review in the Commission's Public Reference Room in Washington, DC. There is an eSubscription link on the Web site that enables subscribers to receive e-mail notification when a document is added to a subscribed docket(s). For assistance with any FERC Online service, please e-mail FERCOnlineSupport@ferc.gov or call (866) 208-3676 (toll free). For TTY, call (202) 502-8659. Dated: June 20, 2011. Kimberly D. Bose, Secretary. [FR Doc. 2011-15859 Filed 6-23-11; 8:45 am]

34

Notices 888 First Street NE., Washington, DC  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

53 Federal Register 53 Federal Register / Vol. 78, No. 56 / Friday, March 22, 2013 / Notices 888 First Street NE., Washington, DC 20426. This filing is accessible on-line at http://www.ferc.gov, using the ''eLibrary'' link and is available for review in the Commission's Public Reference Room in Washington, DC. There is an ''eSubscription'' link on the Web site that enables subscribers to receive email notification when a document is added to a subscribed docket(s). For assistance with any FERC Online service, please email FERCOnlineSupport@ferc.gov, or call (866) 208-3676 (toll free). For TTY, call (202) 502-8659. Comment Date: 5:00 p.m. Eastern Time on April 2, 2013. Dated: March 15, 2013. Kimberly D. Bose, Secretary. [FR Doc. 2013-06602 Filed 3-21-13; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6717-01-P

35

Mr. Andrew Wallo, III, NE-23  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

suite 7900,955 L%l/onr Plaza, S. W., Washingion, D.C. 20024.?174,, Telephone: (202) 488.~ suite 7900,955 L%l/onr Plaza, S. W., Washingion, D.C. 20024.?174,, Telephone: (202) 488.~ Mr. Andrew Wallo, III, NE-23 Division of Facility & Site Decommissioning Projects U.S. Department of Energy Germantown, Maryland 20545 7117~03.87.dy.43 23 September 1987 I j / Dear Mr. Wallo: I ELIMINATION RECOMMENDATION -- COLLEGES AND UN&ITIES I . The attached elimination recommendation was prepared in accordance with your suggestion during our meeting on 22 September!. The recommend includes 26 colleges and universities identified,in Enclosure 4 to Aerospace letter subject: Status of Actions 27 May 1987; three institutions (Tufts and the University of Washington) currently list of sites under consideration; and six institutions tified during a search of Hanford records.

36

M r. Andrew Wallo, III, NE-23  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

300.955 L*Enfom Plaza, S. Iv.. Washrhington. D.C. 200242174, Tekphonc (202) 300.955 L*Enfom Plaza, S. Iv.. Washrhington. D.C. 200242174, Tekphonc (202) 7117-03.87.cdy.43 23 September 1987 M r. Andrew Wallo, III, NE-23 Division of Facility & Site Deconnnissioning Projects U.S. Department of Energy Germantown, Maryland 20545 Dear M r. Wallo: ELIMINATION RECOMMENDATION -- COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES The attached elimination recommendation was prepared in accordi with your suggestion during our meeting on 22 September. The reconu includes 26 colleges and universities identified.in Enclosure 4 to Aerospace letter subject: Status of Actions - FUSRAP Sites List, da: 27 May 1987; three institutions.(Tufts College, University of Virgil and the University of Washington) currently identified'on the FUSFN list of sites under consideration; and six.institutions recently idI

37

MiniBooNE Oscillation Results 2011  

SciTech Connect

The MiniBooNE neutrino oscillation search experiment at Fermilab has recently updated results from a search for {bar {nu}}{sub {mu}} {yields} {bar {nu}}{sub e} oscillations, using a data sample corresponding to 8.58 x 10{sup 20} protons on target in anti-neutrino mode. This high statistics result represent an increase in statistics of 52% compared to result published in 2010. An excess of 57.7 {+-} 28.5 events is observed in the energy range 200 MeV < E{sub {nu}} < 3000 MeV. The data favor LSND-like {bar {nu}}{sub {mu}} {yields} {bar {nu}}{sub e} oscillations over a background only hypothesis at 91.1% confidence level in the energy range 475 < E{sub {nu}} < 3000 MeV.

Djurcic, Zelimir

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Chupadera Mesa NM Site - NM 04  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Chupadera Mesa NM Site - NM 04 Chupadera Mesa NM Site - NM 04 FUSRAP Considered Sites Chupadera Mesa, NM Alternate Name(s): None Location: Approximately 28 miles northeast of the Trinity nuclear test site on the White Sands Missile Range, Northeast of Bingham, New Mexico NM.04-5 Historical Operations: Received the deposition of longer-lived radionuclides in the fallout from the nuclear test, primarily cesium-137, strontium-90, plutonium-239, cobalt-60, and europium-155. NM.04-2 NM.04-5 Eligibility Determination: No further action required. Radiation levels below cleaunup criteria. NM.04-1 NM.04-2 Radiological Survey(s): Assessment Surveys NM.04-3 NM.04-4 Site Status: NA - No Further Action Required NM.04-1 NM.04-2 Long-term Care Requirements: Long-Term Surveillance and Maintenance Requirements for Remediated FUSRAP Sites S07566_FUSRAP

39

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Bayo Canyon NM Site - NM 01  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bayo Canyon NM Site - NM 01 Bayo Canyon NM Site - NM 01 FUSRAP Considered Sites Bayo Canyon, NM Alternate Name(s): Bayo Canyon Area Bayo Canyon (TA-10) Site NM.01-2 Location: Canyon in the Pajarito Plateau Region in Los Alamos County, Los Alamos, NM NM.01-3 Historical Operations: Used in 1944-1961 by the MED and later AEC at Los Alamos National Laboratory as a firing site for conventional and high-explosives experiments involving natural and depleted uranium, strontium, and lanthanum as a radiation source for blast diagnosis. NM.01-3 NM.01-5 Eligibility Determination: Eligible NM.01-1 Radiological Survey(s): Assessment Survey NM.01-3 Site Status: Certified- Certification Basis NM.01-5 NM.01-6 Long-term Care Requirements: Long-Term Surveillance and Maintenance Requirements for Remediated FUSRAP Sites S07566_FUSRAP

40

NE-23 List of California Sites NE-23 Hattie Car-well, SAN/NSQA Division  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

NE-23 NE-23 Hattie Car-well, SAN/NSQA Division Attached for your information is the list of California sites we identified in our search of Manhattdn Engineer District records for the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP). None of the facilities listed qualified"fbr'FUSRAP:'~- The only site in California,that was included in FUSRAP was Gilman Hall on the University of California-Berkeley Campus. All California sites that are in our Surplus Facilities Management Prcgram are under San Francisco Operations and are at the Santa Susana Field Laboratory or the University of California-Davis. If you have questions on any of the sites on the list, please call me at FTS 233-5439. /ct( Andrew Walls III. Desiynation and Certification Manager

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ne nh nm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Version 1.0 Lithium hyper ne splitting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Version 1.0 Lithium hyper#12;ne splitting Krzysztof Pachucki #3; Institute of Theoretical Physics approach for the calculation of relativistic m#11; 6 corrections to the lithium ground state hyper#12;ne problem. We will concentrate on lithium as the simplest alkali-metal atom, for which several precise

Pachucki, Krzysztof

42

Traffic Flow Measurement: Experiences with NeTraMet  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This memo records experiences in implementing and using the Traffic Flow Measurement Architecture and Meter MIB. It discusses the implementation of NeTraMet (a traffic meter) and NeMaC (a combined manager and meter reader), considers the writing of ...

N. Brownlee

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Review of technology for 157-nm lithography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper outlines the critical issues facing the implementation of 157-nm lithography as a sub-100-nm technology. The status of the present technology for mask materials, pellicles, optical materials, coatings, and resists is presented.

A. K. Bates; M. Rothschild; T. M. Bloomstein; T. H. Fedynyshyn; R. R. Kunz; V. Liberman; M. Switkes

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Nuclear deformation of {sup 20}Ne from {sup 20}Ne(105 MeV)+{sup 208}Pb scattering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have measured differential cross section for quasielastic scattering of {sup 20}Ne+{sup 208}Pb at a lab energy of 105 MeV. The data are analyzed by a rotational-model coupled-channels calculation including the 0{sup +} ground state, 2{sup +} and 4{sup +} states of {sup 20}Ne.

Strojek, I.; Czarnacki, W.; Keeley, N. [Department of Nuclear Reaction, The Andrzej Soltan Institute for Nuclear Studies, 00681 Warsaw (Poland); Kisielinski, M.; Piasecki, E.; Rusek, K. [Department of Nuclear Reaction, The Andrzej Soltan Institute for Nuclear Studies, 00681 Warsaw (Poland); Heavy Ion Laboratory, Warsaw University, 02093 Warsaw (Poland); Kliczewski, S.; Siudak, R. [Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics PAN, 31342 Cracow (Poland); Kordiasz, A.; Trzcinska, A. [Heavy Ion Laboratory, Warsaw University, 02093 Warsaw (Poland); Koshchiy, E. [V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University, 61077 Kharkiv (Ukraine); Kowalczyk, M. [Heavy Ion Laboratory, Warsaw University, 02093 Warsaw (Poland); Faculty of Physics, Warsaw University, 00681 Warsaw (Poland); Piorkowska, A.; Stuad, A. [University of Silesia, 40007 Katowice (Poland)

2010-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

45

CA Mr. Andrew Wallo, III, NE-23  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

?9OQ, 95.5 L'E&nt Plaza, SW.. W.ashin@.m, D.C. 20024.2174, Tekphone: (202) 488AQOO ?9OQ, 95.5 L'E&nt Plaza, SW.. W.ashin@.m, D.C. 20024.2174, Tekphone: (202) 488AQOO 7117-03.B7.cdy.43 23 September 1987 CA Mr. Andrew Wallo, III, NE-23 Division of Facility & Site Decommissioning Projects U.S. Oepartment of Energy Germantown, Maryland 20545 Dear Mr. Wallo: ELIMINATION RECOMMENDATION -- COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES zh/ ! o-01 lM!tl5 ML)!o-05 PI 77!0> The attached elimination recoannendation was prepared in accordance . -1 rlL.0~ with your suggestion during our meeting on 22 September. The recommendation flD.o-02 includes 26 colleges and universities identified~in Enclosure 4 to Aerospace letter subject: Status of Actions - FUSRAP Site List, dated MO.07. 27 May 1987; three institutions (Tufts College, University of Virginia, UCIIOJ and the University of Washington) currently identified on the FUSRAP

46

Mr. Andrew Wallo, III, NE-23  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

300, 955 L'E~~MI Phm.SW.:. Washin@on. LX. 200242174, T~kphonc(202)48ll. 5 300, 955 L'E~~MI Phm.SW.:. Washin@on. LX. 200242174, T~kphonc(202)48ll. 5 7117-03.87.cdy.43 23 September 1987 cA Mr. Andrew Wallo, III, NE-23 Division of Facility & Site Decommissioning Projects U.S. Department of Energy Germantown, Maryland 20545 Dear Mr. Wallo: ELIMINATION RECOMMENDATION -- COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES M/).0-05 pl 0.0% The attached elimination recommendation was prepared in accordance ML.05 with your suggestion during our meeting on 22 September. The recommendation flD.o-02 includes 26 colleges and universities identified.in Enclosure 4 to Aerospace letter subject: Status of Actions - FUSRAP Site List, dated NO.03. 27 May 1987; three institutions (Tufts College, University of Virginia, rJc..of and the University of Washington) currently identified on the FUSRAP

47

Pion inelastic scattering from sup 20 Ne  

SciTech Connect

Angular distributions for {sup 20}Ne({pi}{sup {plus minus}}, {pi}{sup {plus minus}}{prime}) were measured on the Energetic Pion Channel and Spectrometer (EPICS) at the Clinton P. Anderson Meson Physics Facility (LAMPF). Data were taken with both {pi}{sup {plus}} and {pi}{sup {minus}} over an angular range of 12{degree} to 90{degree} for T{sub {pi}}=180 MeV and with {pi}{sup +} from 15{degree} to 90{degree} for T{sub {pi}}=120 MeV. The data were analyzed using both the distorted-wave impulse approximation (DWIA) and the coupled-channels impulse approximation (CCIA) with collective transition densities. In addition, microscopic transition densities were used in the DWIA analysis for states in the lowest rotational bands. The transitions to the 6.73-MeV 0{sup +} and several 1{sup {minus}} states, including the states at 5.79 MeV and 8.71 MeV, were studied using several models for the transition density. Strong evidence for the importance of two-step routes in pion inelastic scattering was seen in several angular distributions, including the 5.79-MeV 1{sup {minus}}, the first three 4{sup +} states, and the 8.78-MeV 6{sup +}. 100 refs., 81 figs., 33 tabs.

Burlein, M. (Pennsylvania Univ., Philadelphia, PA (USA). Dept. of Physics)

1989-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

157-nm lithography with high numerical aperture lens for sub-70 nm node  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For sub-70 nm semiconductor devices, 157 nm lithography using F2 lasers is one of the most important technologies. Several candidates for critical components of 157 nm lithography, such as the exposure tool, resist materials and processing ... Keywords: 157 nm lithography, F2 laser, fluoropolymer resist, phase-shifting mask

Toshiro Itani; Wataru Wakamiya; Julian Cashmore; Malcolm Gower

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Property:EIA/861/IsoNe | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IsoNe IsoNe Jump to: navigation, search Property Name ISO_NE Property Type Boolean Description Indicates that the organization conducts operations in the New England ISO region [1] References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - 861 Webfile Layout for 2010.doc" Pages using the property "EIA/861/IsoNe" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) B Bangor Hydro-Electric Co + true + Barton Village, Inc (Utility Company) + true + Bozrah Light & Power Company + true + C Central Maine Power Co + true + Central Vermont Pub Serv Corp + true + CinCap IV, LLC + true + CinCap V LLC + true + Cinergy Capital & Trading, Inc + true + City of Chicopee, Massachusetts (Utility Company) + true + City of Holyoke, Massachusetts (Utility Company) + true +

50

Neutral Current Elastic Interactions in MiniBooNE  

SciTech Connect

Neutral Current Elastic (NCE) interactions in MiniBooNE are discussed. In the neutrino mode MiniBooNE reported: the flux averaged NCE differential cross section as a function of four-momentum transferred squared, an axial mass (M{sub A}) measurement, and a measurement of the strange quark spin content of the nucleon, {Delta}s. In the antineutrino mode we present the background-subtracted data which is compared with the Monte Carlo predictions.

Dharmapalan, Ranjan; /Alabama U.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

D:\NE WEB Sites\NE\nerac\nov2001minutes.wpd  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

November 5-6, 2001, DoubleTree Hotel, Arlington, Virginia November 5-6, 2001, DoubleTree Hotel, Arlington, Virginia NERAC members present: John Ahearne Robert Long Joseph Comfort Warren F. Miller, Jr. Michael L. Corradini Benjamin F. Montoya Jose Luis Cortez Sekazi Mtingwa Allen Croff Lura Powell James Duderstadt (Chair) Richard Reba Marvin Fertel Joy Rempe Beverly Hartline John Taylor Andrew Klein Charles E. Till Dale Klein (Monday only) Neil Todreas NERAC members absent: Thomas Cochran Allen Sessoms Maureen S. Crandall Daniel C. Sullivan Steve Fetter C. Bruce Tarter Leslie Hartz Ashok Thadani (ad hoc) J. Bennett Johnston Joan Woodard Linda C. Knight Also present: Robert Card, Under Secretary, USDOE Nancy Carder, NERAC Staff Charles Forsberg, Researcher, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Norton Haberman, Senior Technical Advisor, NE, USDOE

52

An Audiomagnetotelluric Survey Over The Chaves Geothermal Field (Ne  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » An Audiomagnetotelluric Survey Over The Chaves Geothermal Field (Ne Portugal) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: An Audiomagnetotelluric Survey Over The Chaves Geothermal Field (Ne Portugal) Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: In an attempt to define the resistivity model of the Chaves geothermal field in NE Portugal, a detailed survey with scalar audiomagnetotelluric measurements was performed. The soundings were made in the frequency range from 2300 to 4.1 Hz. Electrical resistivity models were derived from the application of 1-D inversion, 2-D trial and error modeling and 2-D inversion procedures. The resistivities inside the geothermal field are low, reaching not more than 30 Ωm and increasing up to 60-150 Ωm

53

Municipal Energy Agency of NE | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Municipal Energy Agency of NE Municipal Energy Agency of NE Jump to: navigation, search Name Municipal Energy Agency of NE Place Nebraska Utility Id 21352 Utility Location Yes Ownership P NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes NERC SPP Yes NERC WECC Yes RTO SPP Yes ISO MISO Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates No Rates Available References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from

54

Characterization of the selective reduction of NO by NH/sub 3/  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The selective reduction of NO by NH/sub 3/ addition has been studied in a lean-burning oil-fired laboratory combustion tunnel as a function of equivalence ratio, NH/sub 3/ injection temperature, concentration of NH/sub 3/ added, and the source of NO. Ammonia breakthrough was found to depend strongly on the NH/sub 3/ addition temperature. The total concentration of nitrogen containing species other N/sub 2/, NO, and NH/sub 3/ was measured with a variety of techniques and was found to be less than 5 ppM over the range of conditions studied.

Lucas, D.; Brown, N.J.

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

19Ne levels studied with the 18F(d,n)19Ne*(18F+p) reaction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A good understanding of the level structure of 19Ne around the proton threshold is critical to estimating the destruction of long-lived 18F in novae. Here we report the properties of levels in 19Ne in the excitation energy range of 6.9 Ex 8.4 MeV studied via the proton-transfer 18F(d, n)Ne reaction at the Holifield Radioactive Ion Beam Facility. The populated 19Ne levels decay by breakup into p + 18F and + 15O particles. The results presented in this manuscript are those of levels that are simultaneously observed from the breakup into both channels. An s-wave state is observed at 1468 keV above the proton threshold, which is a potential candidate for a predicted broad J = 1/2+ state. The proton and partial widths are deduced to be p = 228 50 keV and = 130 30 keV for this state.

Adekola, A. S. [Ohio University, Athens; Brune, C. R. [Ohio University; Bardayan, Daniel W [ORNL; Blackmon, Jeffery C [Louisiana State University; Chae, K. Y. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Cizewski, J. A. [Rutgers University; Jones, K. L. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Kozub, R. L. [Tennessee Technological University; Massey, T. [Ohio University; Nesaraja, Caroline D [ORNL; Pain, Steven D [ORNL; ShrinerJr., J. F. [Tennessee Technological University; Smith, Michael Scott [ORNL; Thomas, J. S. [Rutgers University

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Power Consumption at 40 and 45 nm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

At 40 and 45 nm process nodes, power has become the primary factor for FPGA selection. This white paper details how Xilinx designed for this new reality in its recently introduced Spartan-6 (45 nm) and Virtex-6 (40 nm) FPGA families, achieving dramatic power reductions over previous generation Spartan-3A and Virtex-5 devices. Accomplishing such a significant reduction in power consumption required major engineering innovations. At 40 and 45 nm, transistor leakage increases exponentially, making static power a major challenge. Additionally, the desire for higher performance continues to drive core clock rates higher, increasing dynamic power. This white paper describes how Xilinx addressed theses challenges by using engineering innovations in Spartan-6 and Virtex-6 FPGAs that keep these families ahead of the curve. 2009 Xilinx, Inc. XILINX, the Xilinx logo, Virtex, Spartan, ISE, and other designated brands included herein are trademarks of Xilinx in the United States and other countries. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.

Matt Klein

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Plasma-sprayed semiconductor electrodes: Photoelectrochemical characterization and NH sub 3 photoproduction by substoichiometric tungsten oxides  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two substoichiometric tungsten oxide coatings have been obtained by plasma spray of WO{sub 3} powder on Ti substrates. The films are 40 {plus minus} 20 {mu}m thick and are yellow (WO{sub 2.99}) or dark blue (WO{sub 2.97}). WO{sub 2.99} coatings show a highly textured surface with a specific area 27.9 times the geometrical one. X-ray diffraction pattern reveals that their structure is a mixture of monoclinic and triclinic phases. The yellow films have been characterized photoelectrochemically in regenerative cells by using O{sub 2}/H{sub 2}O redox at pH 2.0. Under anodic polarization of 1.5 V (SCE) their quantum yield is between 10% and 20% in the wavelength range comprised between 270 and 430 nm with an indirect bandgap of 2.55 eV and a flatband potential of {minus}0.1 V. WO{sub 2.99} films have been tested for NH{sub 3} photoproduction.

Ladouceur, M.; Dodelet, J.P. (INRS-Energie, Varennes, Quebec (Canada)); Tourillon, G. (Universite Paris-Sud, Orsay (France)); Parent, L.; Dallaire, S. (IGM, Boucherville, Quebec (Canada))

1990-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

58

MiniBooNE "Windows on the Universe"  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Progress in the last few decades has left neutrino physics with several vexing issues. Among them are the following questions: (1) Why are lepton mixing angles so different from those in the quark sector? (2) What is the most probable range of the reactor mixing angle? (3) Is the atmospheric mixing angle maximal? (4) What is the number of fermion generations? These are some of the issues that neutrino science hopes to study; this article will explore these questions as part of a more general scientific landscape, and will discuss the part MiniBooNE might play in this exploration. We discuss the current state of measurements taken by MiniBooNE, and emphasize the uniqueness of neutrino oscillations as an important probe into the 'Windows on the Universe.'

Stefanski, Ray; /Fermilab

2010-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

59

File:EIA-Williston-NE-Gas.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Williston-NE-Gas.pdf Williston-NE-Gas.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Williston Basin, Northeast Part By 2001 Gas Reserve Class Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(6,600 × 5,100 pixels, file size: 5.95 MB, MIME type: application/pdf) Description Williston Basin, Northeast Part By 2001 Gas Reserve Class Sources Energy Information Administration Authors Samuel H. Limerick; Lucy Luo; Gary Long; David F. Morehouse; Jack Perrin; Robert F. King Related Technologies Oil, Natural Gas Creation Date 2005-09-01 Extent Regional Countries United States UN Region Northern America States Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment

60

Overview of DOE-NE Proliferation and Terrorism Risk Assessment  

SciTech Connect

Research objectives are: (1) Develop technologies and other solutions that can improve the reliability, sustain the safety, and extend the life of current reactors; (2) Develop improvements in the affordability of new reactors to enable nuclear energy; (3) Develop Sustainable Nuclear Fuel Cycles; and (4) Understand and minimize the risks of nuclear proliferation and terrorism. The goal is to enable the use of risk information to inform NE R&D program planning. The PTRA program supports DOE-NE's goal of using risk information to inform R&D program planning. The FY12 PTRA program is focused on terrorism risk. The program includes a mix of innovative methods that support the general practice of risk assessments, and selected applications.

Sadasivan, Pratap [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ne nh nm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Neutrino and Antineutrino Cross sections at MiniBooNE  

SciTech Connect

The MiniBooNE experiment has reported a number of high statistics neutrino and anti-neutrino cross sections -among which are the charged current quasi-elastic (CCQE) and neutral current elastic (NCE) neutrino scattering on mineral oil (CH2). Recently a study of the neutrino contamination of the anti-neutrino beam has concluded and the analysis of the anti-neutrino CCQE and NCE scattering is ongoing.

Dharmapalan, Ranjan; /Alabama U.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Ne IX emission-line ratios in solar active regions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Emission-line ratios for Ne IX are derived and compared with observational data for solar active regions obtained with the SOLEX B spectrometer on the P78-1 satellite. Excellent agreement is obtained, providing support for the atomic data adopted in the calculations and resolving discrepancies between existing theoretical calculations and solar data. The calculated R-ratio for the low-density limit agrees well with the SOLEX observations. 47 references.

Keenan, F.P.; Mccann, S.M.; Kingston, A.E.; Mckenzie, D.L.

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Page 1 of 7 2013 NH 4-H HORSE QUIZ BOWL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at http://extension.unh.edu/4H/NH4-HHorseProject.htm or by sending an Excel document to Rhiannon.Beauregard

New Hampshire, University of

64

Hydrocarbon-free resonance transition 795 nm rubidium laser  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

transition 795-nm rubidium laser," Opt. Lett. 32, 2423- S.transition 795- nm rubidium laser using 3 He buffer gas",transition 795-nm Rubidium laser with He buffer gas" (

Wu, Sheldon Shao Quan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Vanishing N=20 Shell Gap: Study of Excited States in {sup 27,28}Ne  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Letter reports on the {sup 1}H({sup 28}Ne,{sup 28}Ne) and {sup 1}H({sup 28}Ne,{sup 27}Ne) reactions studied at intermediate energy using a liquid hydrogen target. From the cross section populating the first 2{sup +} excited state of {sup 28}Ne, and using the previously determined B(E2) value, the neutron quadrupole transition matrix element has been calculated to be M{sub n}=13.8{+-}3.7 fm{sup 2}. In the neutron knockout reaction, two low-lying excited states were populated in {sup 27}Ne. Only one of them can be interpreted by the sd shell model while the additional state may intrude from the fp shell. These experimental observations are consistent with the presence of fp shell configurations at low excitation energy in {sup 27,28}Ne nuclei caused by a vanishing N=20 shell gap at Z=10.

Dombradi, Zs.; Fueloep, Zs. [Institute of Nuclear Research of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 51, Debrecen, H-4001 (Hungary); Elekes, Z. [Institute of Nuclear Research of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 51, Debrecen, H-4001 (Hungary); Institute of Physical and Chemical Research, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan); Saito, A.; Baba, H.; Demichi, K.; Gomi, T.; Hasegawa, H.; Kanno, S.; Kawai, S.; Kurita, K.; Matsuyama, Y.; Sakai, H.K.; Takeshita, E.; Togano, Y.; Yamada, K. [Rikkyo University, 3 Nishi-Ikebukuro, Toshima, Tokyo 171 (Japan); Aoi, N.; Ishihara, M.; Kishida, T.; Kubo, T. [Institute of Physical and Chemical Research, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan)] (and others)

2006-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

66

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Trinity Test Site - NM 17  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Trinity Test Site - NM 17 Trinity Test Site - NM 17 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: TRINITY TEST SITE (NM.17 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP - U.S. Army controls site Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: missile range - 30 miles west of Carrizozo , White Sands , New Mexico NM.17-1 Evaluation Year: 1985 NM.17-1 Site Operations: Detonation of the first atomic bomb occurred at this site. NM.17-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated NM.17-1 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Fission fragments NM.17-1 Radiological Survey(s): NM.17-1 Site Status: Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP - U.S. Army controls site NM.17-1 Also see Documents Related to TRINITY TEST SITE NM.17-1 - DOE Memorandum/Checklist; Jones to File; Subject:

67

Sandia National Laboratory (NM), Former Production Workers Screening...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

, Former Production Workers Screening Projects Sandia National Laboratory (NM), Former Production Workers Screening Projects...

68

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Acid Pueblo Canyon - NM 03  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Acid Pueblo Canyon - NM 03 Acid Pueblo Canyon - NM 03 FUSRAP Considered Sites Acid/Pueblo Canyon, NM Alternate Name(s): Radioactive Liquid Waste Treatment Plant (TA-45) Acid/Pueblo and Los Alamos Canyon NM.03-3 Location: Canyons in the Pajarito Plateau Region in Los Alamos County, Los Alamos, NM NM.03-3 Historical Operations: Late 1943 or early 1944, head of the south fork of Acid Canyon received untreated liquid waste containing tritium and isotopes of strontium, cesium, uranium, plutonium, and americium discharged from main acid sewer lines and subsequently from the TA-3 plutonium treatment plant. NM.03-3 Eligibility Determination: Radiological Survey(s): Verification Surveys NM.03-5 NM.03-6 Site Status: Certified- Certification Basis and Federal Register Notice NM.03-2

69

2013 Annual DOE-NE Materials Research Coordination Meeting | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2013 Annual DOE-NE Materials Research Coordination Meeting 2013 Annual DOE-NE Materials Research Coordination Meeting 2013 Annual DOE-NE Materials Research Coordination Meeting The Reactor Materials element of the Nuclear Energy Enabling Technologies (NEET) program conducted its FY 2013 coordination meeting as a series of four web-conferences to act as a forum for the nuclear materials research community. The purpose of this meeting was to report on current and planned nuclear materials research, identify new areas of collaboration and promote greater coordination among the various Office of Nuclear Energy (NE) programs. Currently, materials research is performed in several NE programs, including NE Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NEAMS), Fuel Cycle Research and Development (FCRD), Advanced Reactor Technologies

70

2013 Annual DOE-NE Materials Research Coordination Meeting | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2013 Annual DOE-NE Materials Research Coordination Meeting 2013 Annual DOE-NE Materials Research Coordination Meeting 2013 Annual DOE-NE Materials Research Coordination Meeting The Reactor Materials element of the Nuclear Energy Enabling Technologies (NEET) program conducted its FY 2013 coordination meeting as a series of four web-conferences to act as a forum for the nuclear materials research community. The purpose of this meeting was to report on current and planned nuclear materials research, identify new areas of collaboration and promote greater coordination among the various Office of Nuclear Energy (NE) programs. Currently, materials research is performed in several NE programs, including NE Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NEAMS), Fuel Cycle Research and Development (FCRD), Advanced Reactor Technologies

71

R-Process in Collapsing O/Ne/Mg Cores  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Several circumstantial arguments point to the formation of the third r-process peak at A about 190, near platinum, in stars of mass of about 8-10 solar masses: 1) The delayed production of europium with respect to iron imposes a time scale that restricts the progenitor stars to less than about 10 solar masses; 2) the r-process demands a dominant robust mechanism at least for barium and above, since the relative abundance pattern of those r-process elements in low-metallicity stars is consistent with the solar pattern; 3) stars of about 8-10 solar masses produce nearly identical degenerate O/Ne/Mg cores that collapse due to electron capture; and 4) the resulting low-mass cores may produce both an r-process in a prompt explosion and a subsequent r-process in a neutrino driven wind. The prompt explosion of an O/Ne/Mg core yields low entropy and low electron fraction, and hence may produce a reasonable r-process peak at A about 190 as well as all of the r-process elements with Z greater than 56. The possible diff...

Wheeler, J C; Hillebrandt, W; Cowan, John J.; Hillebrandt, Wolfgang

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

R-Process in Collapsing O/Ne/Mg Cores  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Several circumstantial arguments point to the formation of the third r-process peak at A about 190, near platinum, in stars of mass of about 8-10 solar masses: 1) The delayed production of europium with respect to iron imposes a time scale that restricts the progenitor stars to less than about 10 solar masses; 2) the r-process demands a dominant robust mechanism at least for barium and above, since the relative abundance pattern of those r-process elements in low-metallicity stars is consistent with the solar pattern; 3) stars of about 8-10 solar masses produce nearly identical degenerate O/Ne/Mg cores that collapse due to electron capture; and 4) the resulting low-mass cores may produce both an r-process in a prompt explosion and a subsequent r-process in a neutrino driven wind. The prompt explosion of an O/Ne/Mg core yields low entropy and low electron fraction, and hence may produce a reasonable r-process peak at A about 190 as well as all of the r-process elements with Z greater than 56. The possible differences in the neutrino-driven wind and associated r-process due to the low-mass neutron stars expected in this mass range are also discussed.

J. Craig Wheeler; John J. Cowan; Wolfgang Hillebrandt

1997-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

73

A Case Study For Geothermal Exploration In The Ne German Basin...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

icon Twitter icon A Case Study For Geothermal Exploration In The Ne German Basin- Integrated Interpretation Of Seismic Tomography, Litho-Stratigraphy, Salt Tectonics, And...

74

Solar irradiance models and measurements: a comparison in the 220 nm to 240 nm wavelength band  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar irradiance models that assume solar irradiance variations to be due to changes in the solar surface magnetic flux have been successfully used to reconstruct total solar irradiance on rotational as well as cyclical and secular time scales. Modelling spectral solar irradiance is not yet as advanced, and also suffers from a lack of comparison data, in particular on solar-cycle time scales. Here we compare solar irradiance in the 220 nm to 240 nm band as modelled with SATIRE-S and measured by different instruments on the UARS and SORCE satellites. We find good agreement between the model and measurements on rotational time scales. The long-term trends, however, show significant differences. Both SORCE instruments, in particular, show a much steeper gradient over the decaying part of cycle 23 than the modelled irradiance or that measured by UARS/SUSIM.

Unruh, Yvonne C; Krivova, Natalie A

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Idaho National Laboratory DOE-NE's National Nuclear Capability-  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4-2023 4-2023 Idaho National Laboratory DOE-NE's National Nuclear Capability- Developing and Maintaining the INL Infrastructure TEN-YEAR SITE PLAN DOE/ID-11474 Final June 2012 Sustainable INL continues to exceed DOE goals for reduction in the use of petroleum fuels - running its entire bus fleet on biodiesel while converting 75% of its light-duty fleet to E85 fuel. The Energy Systems Laboratory (ESL), slated for completion this year, will be a state-of-the-art laboratory with high-bay lab space where leading bioenergy feedstock processing, advanced battery testing, and hybrid energy systems integration research will be conducted. The Advanced Test Reactor is the world's most advanced nuclear research capability - crucial to (1) the ongoing development of safe, efficient

76

NE-24 Unlverslty of Chicayo Remedial Action Plan  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

(YJ 4 tlsj .?I2 (YJ 4 tlsj .?I2 416 17 1983 NE-24 Unlverslty of Chicayo Remedial Action Plan 22&d 7 IA +-- E. I.. Keller, Director Technical Services Division Oak Ridge Operations Ufflce In response to your memorandum dated July 29, 1983, the Field Task Proposal/Agreement (FTP/A) received frw Aryonne National Laboratory (ANL) appears to be satisfactory, and this office concurs in the use of ANL to provide the decontamination effort as noted in the FTP/A. The final decontaminatton report should Include the data needed for certiff- cation of the cleanup and any contamination left In place, e.g., sewer lines should be so documented in the permanent records of the University as well as the certification documents and reports. The remedial action to be conducted appears to be clearly InsIgnifIcant from an environmental

77

Participants: William Naughton, COHMED Bill Sherman, NE HLRW Task Force  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

conference call May 27, 1998 conference call May 27, 1998 Participants: William Naughton, COHMED Bill Sherman, NE HLRW Task Force Bob Fronczak, AAR Mike Butler, UETC Ray English, DOE-NR George Ruberg, UETC Kevin Blackwell, FRA Markus Popa, DOE-RW Sandy Covi, UP The Rail Topic Group is currently in a transitional mode, moving simultaneously toward closure of the two rail information matrices, Comparison of CVSA Recommended National Procedures and Out-Of-Service Criteria for the Enhanced Safety Inspection of Commercial Highway Vehicles Transporting Transuranics, Spent Nuclear Fuel, and High Level Waste to Rail Inspection Standards, and Rail and Highway Regulations Relative to the Transportation of Radioactive Materials and their Applicability to States, Tribes, Shippers, and Carriers, (both

78

EG&G SURVEY REPORT NE-F-003  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

EBJG EBJG -ENERGY MEASUREMENTS GROUP EG&G SURVEY REPORT NE-F-003 FEBRUARY 1983 NJT& THE REMOTE SENSING lRtlORlllORY OF THE UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY AN AERIAL RADIOLOGICAL SURVEY OF AN AREA SURROUNDING THE FORMER M IDDLESEX SAMPLING PLANT IN M IDDLESEX, N E W JERSEY DATE OF SURVEY: M A Y 1978 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or

79

CA M r. Andrew Wallo, III. NE-23  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

i5W 95.5 L' i5W 95.5 L' E&nt plom. S. W.:. Washingr on. D.C. ZOOX2i74, Tekphm: (202) 488-6OGb 7II7-03.87.cdy.43 23 September 1987. Ii CA M r. Andrew Wallo, III. NE-23 Division of Facility & Site Decommissioning Projects U.S. Department of Energy Germantown, Maryland 20545 Dear M r. Wallo: ELIMINATION RECOMMENDATION -- COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES pqq.0' 05 PI ;p.03- The attached elimination recommendation was prepared in accordance ,I ML.05 with your suggestion during our meeting on 22 September. The recommendation flO.O-02 includes 26 colleges and universities identified in Enclosure 4 to Aerospace letter subject: Status of Actions - FUSRAP Site List, dated 27 May 1987; three institutions (Tufts College, University of Virginia, and the University of Washington) currently identified on the FUSRAP

80

The DA{Phi}NE beam position monitors  

SciTech Connect

The beam diagnostics network of DA{Phi}NE, the Frascati {Phi}-factory, includes more than 110 beam position monitors divided between button monitors and striplines. The shape of the vacuum chamber changes along the accelerator implying several different geometries for these monitors. Moreover, in the two interaction regions of the collider where the electron and positron beams pass into the same chamber, a six-button configuration has been used. A bench calibration of each family of BPMs and striplines is being performed. A polynomial correction function has been derived by fitting the calibration results. An analytical-numerical analysis of the buttons` geometry has been done in order to compare the experimental with the theoretical results. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

Ghigo, A.; Sannibale, F.; Serio, M.; Vaccarezza, C. [INFN Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati-00044 Frascati (Roma)-Italy

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ne nh nm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Charged-Current Interaction Measurements in MiniBooNE  

SciTech Connect

Neutrino oscillation is the only known phenomenon for physics beyond the standard model. To investigate this phenomenon, the understanding of low energy neutrino scattering (200NE finds that a simple Fermi gas model, with appropriate adjustments, accurately characterizes the CCQE events on carbon. The extracted parameters include an effective axial mass, MA=1.23 {+-} 0.20 GeV, and a Pauli-blocking parameter, kappa = 1.019 {+-} 0.011.

Katori, Teppei; /Indiana U.

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Microsoft PowerPoint - NEAC Battelle NE Capabilities 062408.ppt  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

R&D Facility Requirements NEAC Meeting Progress Report June 24, 2008 2 Facilitization of U.S. Nuclear R&D Infrastructure Three-step study process: * First, ASNE requested Battelle Memorial Institute to develop Industry- and-University-supported list of capabilities and facilities necessary to conduct a comprehensive nuclear R&D program. (Draft, June 12, 2008) * Second, INL, using input from all DOE and other sources, will determine current facilities and their condition and availability to support next 20 years of nuclear R&D. (Draft, June 30, 2008) * Third, recommendations will be made on priorities and on existing facilities to be maintained/preserved or otherwise supported by NE regardless of location or ownership. (Executive Team Meeting, July 1, 2008)

83

CHARACTERIZATION STUDIES OF THE SELECTIVE REDUCTION OF NO by NH3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Maloney, K.L. , "NOx Reduction with Ammonia: Laboratoryand Hashizawa, K. , "Reduction of NOx in Combustion ExhaustSelective Noncatalytic Reduction of NOx with NH3," EPRI NOx

Brown, N.J.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

EA-1909: South Table Wind Project, Kimball County, NE | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

09: South Table Wind Project, Kimball County, NE 09: South Table Wind Project, Kimball County, NE EA-1909: South Table Wind Project, Kimball County, NE Summary DOE's Western Area Power Administration is preparing this EA to evaluate the environmental impacts of interconnecting the proposed South Table Wind Project, which would generate approximately 60 megawatts from about 40 turbines, to Western's existing Archer-Sidney 115-kV Transmission Line in Kimball County, Nebraska. Public Comment Opportunities None available at this time. Documents Available for Download August 28, 2012 EA-1909: Finding of No Significant Impact South Table Wind Project, Kimball County, NE July 16, 2012 EA-1909: Final Environmental Assessment South Table Wind Project, Kimball County, NE February 29, 2012 EA-1909: Draft Environmental Assessment

85

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- LASL Tract OO - NM 06  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Tract OO - NM 06 Tract OO - NM 06 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: LASL TRACT OO (NM.06 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP - Site was released by the AEC for sale and unrestricted use in 1976 Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Los Alamos , New Mexico NM.06-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 NM.06-1 Site Operations: Site consists of an area of 3.85 acres on the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory compound. This tract of land was a location for a fire alarm equipment building and part of power plant and several warehouses. NM.06-2 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Radiological survey report declares the area to be free of residual radioactive contamination from site operations NM.06-1 Radioactive Materials Handled: No Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: None

86

The MiniBooNE detector technical design report  

SciTech Connect

The MiniBooNE experiment [1] is motivated by the LSND observation, [2] which has been interpreted as {nu}{sub {mu}} {yields} {nu}{sub e} oscillations, and by the atmospheric neutrino deficit, [3,4,5] which may be ascribed to {nu}{sub {mu}} oscillations into another type of neutrino. MiniBooNE is a single-detector experiment designed to: obtain {approx} 1000 {nu}{sub {mu}} {yields} {nu}{sub e} events if the LSND signal is due to {nu}{sub {mu}} {yields} {nu}{sub e} oscillations, establishing the oscillation signal at the > 5{sigma} level as shown in Fig. 1.1; extend the search for {nu}{sub {mu}} {yields} {nu}{sub e} oscillations significantly beyond what has been studied previously if no signal is observed; search for {nu}{sub {mu}} disappearance to address the atmospheric neutrino deficit with a signal that is a suppression of the rate of {nu}{sub {mu}}C {yields} {mu}N events from the expected 600,000 per year; measure the oscillation parameters as shown in Fig. 1.2 if oscillations are observed; and test CP conservation in the lepton sector if oscillations are observed by running with separate {nu}{sub {mu}} and {bar {nu}}{sub {mu}} beams. The detector will consist of a spherical tank 6.1 m (20 feet) in radius, as shown in Fig. 1.3, that stands in a 45-foot diameter cylindrical vault. An inner tank structure at 5.75 m radius will support 1280 8-inch phototubes (10% coverage) pointed inward and optically isolated from the outer region of the tank. The tank will be filled with 807 t of mineral oil, resulting in a 445 t fiducial volume. The outer tank volume will serve as a veto shield for identifying particles both entering and leaving the detector with 240 phototubes mounted on the tank wall. Above the detector tank will be an electronics enclosure that houses the fast electronics and data acquisition system and a utilities enclosure that houses the plumbing, overflow tank, and calibration laser. The detector will be located {approx} 550 m from the Booster neutrino source. The neutrino beam, produced using 8 GeV protons from the Booster at FNAL, will consist of a target within a focusing system, followed by a {approx}50 m long pion decay volume. The low energy, high intensity and 1 {micro}s time-structure of a neutrino beam produced from the Booster beam are ideal for this experiment. We assume that the Booster can reliably deliver protons for a typical run which is two-thirds of a calendar year. The sensitivities discussed above assume the experiment receives 5 x 10{sup 20} protons per year. This Booster experiment is compatible with the Fermilab collider and MI programs. The Booster must run at 7.5 Hz to accommodate the MiniBooNE and collider programs simultaneously. The current schedule calls for data-taking to begin by the end of calendar year 2001.

I. Stancu et al.

2003-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

87

CA CAIOlf Mr. Andrew Wallo. III, NE-23  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

kire 7900. 955 L*E,,fa,u PLUG S. W.. Washin@ on. D.C. 20024-2174, Tekphme: (202) 488-6000 kire 7900. 955 L*E,,fa,u PLUG S. W.. Washin@ on. D.C. 20024-2174, Tekphme: (202) 488-6000 7117-03.87.cdy.43 23 September 1987 CA CAIOlf Mr. Andrew Wallo. III, NE-23 Division of Facility & Site Decommissioning Projects U.S. Department of Energy Germantown, Maryland 20545 CT.05 FL .0-o/ lti.Ob id.Or Dear Mr. Wallo: In/. O-01 flA.05 ELIMINATION RECOMMENDATION -- COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES Mbj.o-03 I4 v.o+ The attached elimination recommendation was prepared in accordance ML.o= with your suggestion during our meeting on 22 September. The recommendation nO.O-02 includes 26 colleges and universities identified.in Enclosure 4 to Aerospace letter subject: Status of Actions - FUSRAP Site List, dated N0.63' 27 May 1987; three institutions (Tufts College, University of Virginia, kfC900

88

{sup 17}O({alpha},{gamma}){sup 21}Ne and {sup 17}O({alpha},n){sup 20}Ne for the weak s process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ratio of the reaction rates of the competing channels {sup 17}O({alpha}{gamma}){sup 21}Ne and {sup 17}O({alpha},n){sup 20}Ne determines the efficiency of {sup 16}O as a neutron poison in the s process in low metallicity rotating stars. It has a large impact on the element production, either producing elements to the mass range of A=90 in case of a significant poisoning effect or extending the mass range up to the region of A=150 if the {gamma} channel is of negligible strength. We present an improved study of the reaction {sup 17}O({alpha},n){sup 20}Ne, including an independent measurement of the {sup 17}O({alpha},n{sub 1}){sup 20}Ne channel. A simultaneous R-Matrix fit to both the n{sub 0} and the n{sub 1} channels has been performed. New reaction rates, including recent data on the {sup 17}O({alpha},{gamma}){sup 21}Ne reaction, have been calculated and used as input for stellar network calculations and their impact on the s process in rotating massive stars is discussed.

Best, A.; Goerres, J.; Beard, M.; Couder, M.; Boer, R. de; Falahat, S.; Gueray, R. T.; Kontos, A.; Kratz, K.-L.; LeBlanc, P. J.; Li, Q.; O'Brien, S.; Oezkan, N.; Pignatari, M.; Sonnabend, K.; Talwar, R.; Tan, W.; Uberseder, E.; Wiescher, M. [Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556 (United States); Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556 (United States) and Department for Biogeochemistry, Max-Planck-Institute for Chemistry, 55020 Mainz (Germany); Department of Physics, Kacaeli University, Umuttepe 41380, Kocaeli (Turkey); Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556 (United States); Department for Biogeochemistry, Max-Planck-Institute for Chemistry, 55020 Mainz (Germany); Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556 (United States); Department of Physics, Kacaeli University, Umuttepe 41380, Kocaeli (Turkey); Department of Physics, University of Basel, Basel 4056 (Switzerland); Institute for Applied Physics, Goethe-University Frankfurt, 60325 Frankfurt (Germany); Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556 (United States)

2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

89

Level-resolved R-matrix calculations for the electron-impact excitation of Ne{sup 3+} and Ne{sup 6+}  

SciTech Connect

Large-scale R-matrix calculations are carried out for the electron-impact excitation of Ne{sup 3+} and Ne{sup 6+}. For Ne{sup 3+}, a 581-LSJ-level R-matrix intermediate coupling frame transformation calculation is made for excitations up to the n=4 shell. For some transitions, large effective collision strength differences are found with current 23-jKJ-level Breit-Pauli R-matrix and earlier 22-LSJ-level R-matrix jj omega (JAJOM) calculations. For Ne{sup 6+}, a 171-jKJ-level Breit-Pauli R-matrix calculation is made for excitations up to the n=5 shell. For some transitions, large effective collision strength differences are found with current 46-jKJ-level Breit-Pauli R-matrix and earlier 46-LSJ-level R-matrix JAJOM calculations. Together with existing R-matrix calculations for other ion stages, high-quality excitation data are now available for astrophysical and laboratory plasma modeling along the entire Ne isonuclear sequence.

Ludlow, J. A.; Lee, T. G.; Ballance, C. P.; Loch, S. D.; Pindzola, M. S. [Department of Physics, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama 36849 (United States)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

90

Thermal Durability of Cu-CHA NH3-SCR Catalysts for Diesel NOx Reduction  

SciTech Connect

Multiple catalytic functions (NOx conversion, NO and NH3 oxidation, NH3 storage) of a commercial Cu-zeolite urea/NH3-SCR catalyst were assessed in a laboratory fixed-bed flow reactor system after differing degrees of hydrothermal aging. Catalysts were characterized by using x-ray diffraction (XRD), 27Al solid state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) / energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy to develop an understanding of the degradation mechanisms during catalyst aging. The catalytic reaction measurements of laboratory-aged catalysts were performed, which allows us to obtain a universal curve for predicting the degree of catalyst performance deterioration as a function of time at each aging temperature. Results show that as the aging temperature becomes higher, the zeolite structure collapses in a shorter period of time after an induction period. The decrease in SCR performance was explained by zeolite structure destruction and/or Cu agglomeration, as detected by XRD/27Al NMR and by TEM/EDX, respectively. Destruction of the zeolite structure and agglomeration of the active phase also results in a decrease in the NO/NH3 oxidation activity and the NH3 storage capacity of the catalyst. Selected laboratory aging conditions (16 h at 800oC) compare well with a 135,000 mile vehicle-aged catalyst for both performance and characterization criteria.

Schmieg, Steven J.; Oh, Se H.; Kim, Chang H.; Brown, David B.; Lee, Jong H.; Peden, Charles HF; Kim, Do Heui

2012-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

91

Microsoft PowerPoint - WAPA Transmission Developments in NM ...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

authorities: NM, CO, WY, KS, ND, UT, SD & ID Tasked with planning and financing of transmission lines within their respective states RETA has the additional requirement that...

92

FAPAC-NM Executive Board | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Executive Board FAPAC-NM Executive Board "Promoting Equal Opportunity and Cultural Diversity for APAs in Government" Ligaya White Chairperson Administrative Support Assistant...

93

Generation and use of high power 213 nm and 266 nm laser radiation and tunable 210-400 nm laser radiation with BBO crystal matrix array  

SciTech Connect

A 213 nm laser beam is capable of single photon ablative photodecomposition for the removal of a polymer or biological material substrate. Breaking the molecular bonds and displacing the molecules away from the substrate in a very short time period results in most of the laser photon energy being carried away by the displaced molecules, thus minimizing thermal damage to the substrate. The incident laser beam may be unfocussed and is preferably produced by quintupling the 1064 nm radiation from a Nd:YAG solid state laser, i.e., at 213 nm. In one application, the 213 nm laser beam is expanded in cross section and directed through a plurality of small beta barium borate (BBO) crystals for increasing the energy per photon of the laser radiation directed onto the substrate. The BBO crystals are arranged in a crystal matrix array to provide a large laser beam transmission area capable of accommodating high energy laser radiation without damaging the BBO crystals. The BBO crystal matrix array may also be used with 266 nm laser radiation for carrying out single or multi photon ablative photodecomposition. The BBO crystal matrix array may also be used in an optical parametric oscillator mode to generate high power tunable laser radiation in the range of 210-400 nm.

Gruen, Dieter M. (Downers Grove, IL)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Grants to Help N.H. Towns Conserve Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Grants to Help N.H. Towns Conserve Energy Grants to Help N.H. Towns Conserve Energy Grants to Help N.H. Towns Conserve Energy March 19, 2010 - 4:17pm Addthis New Hampshire has a plan to lower expenses and create jobs, all while conserving energy. In all, the state has received $17.3 million in Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) funding. Of that, $9.6 million has been sent to the New Hampshire Office of Energy and Planning (NHOEP) to launch several energy saving projects. NHOEP established a subgrant program to award $6.6 million of the EECBG grant funding to local municipalities and counties. New Hampshire municipalities and counties submitted over 270 applications, totaling over $21 million in grant requests. "Substantial energy efficiency improvements will be made throughout the

95

Grants to Help N.H. Towns Conserve Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Grants to Help N.H. Towns Conserve Energy Grants to Help N.H. Towns Conserve Energy Grants to Help N.H. Towns Conserve Energy March 19, 2010 - 4:17pm Addthis New Hampshire has a plan to lower expenses and create jobs, all while conserving energy. In all, the state has received $17.3 million in Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) funding. Of that, $9.6 million has been sent to the New Hampshire Office of Energy and Planning (NHOEP) to launch several energy saving projects. NHOEP established a subgrant program to award $6.6 million of the EECBG grant funding to local municipalities and counties. New Hampshire municipalities and counties submitted over 270 applications, totaling over $21 million in grant requests. "Substantial energy efficiency improvements will be made throughout the

96

A Case Study For Geothermal Exploration In The Ne German Basin- Integrated  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geothermal Exploration In The Ne German Basin- Integrated Geothermal Exploration In The Ne German Basin- Integrated Interpretation Of Seismic Tomography, Litho-Stratigraphy, Salt Tectonics, And Thermal Structure Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: A Case Study For Geothermal Exploration In The Ne German Basin- Integrated Interpretation Of Seismic Tomography, Litho-Stratigraphy, Salt Tectonics, And Thermal Structure Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: Unavailable Author(s): K. Bauer, I. Moeck, B. Norden, A. Schulze, M. H. Weber Published: Publisher Unknown, 2009 Document Number: Unavailable DOI: Unavailable Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=A_Case_Study_For_Geothermal_Exploration_In_The_Ne_German_Basin-_Integrated_Interpretation_Of_Seismic_Tomography,_Litho-Stratigraphy,_Salt_Tectonics,_And_Thermal_Structure&oldid=390106"

97

EcoCAR: The NeXt Challenge | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EcoCAR: The NeXt Challenge EcoCAR: The NeXt Challenge EcoCAR: The NeXt Challenge May 18, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis While most college students' experience with vehicles goes no further than the beater they picked up for a few thousand dollars, students participating in the EcoCAR: The NeXT Challenge competition get to experience the cutting-edge of driving technology. The competition, which was established by the U.S. Department of Energy and General Motors, is a three year advanced vehicle engineering contest. Yesterday, May 17, was the first day of their Year 2 judging sessions. In EcoCAR, students from 16 universities across North America are competing against each other to build the most environmentally sustainable and practical vehicle. This year's teams have adopted a number of advanced

98

High external quantum efficiency and fill-factor InGaN/GaN heterojunction solar cells grown by NH{sub 3}-based molecular beam epitaxy  

SciTech Connect

High external quantum efficiency (EQE) p-i-n heterojunction solar cells grown by NH{sub 3}-based molecular beam epitaxy are presented. EQE values including optical losses are greater than 50% with fill-factors over 72% when illuminated with a 1 sun AM0 spectrum. Optical absorption measurements in conjunction with EQE measurements indicate an internal quantum efficiency greater than 90% for the InGaN absorbing layer. By adjusting the thickness of the top p-type GaN window contact layer, it is shown that the short-wavelength (<365 nm) quantum efficiency is limited by the minority carrier diffusion length in highly Mg-doped p-GaN.

Lang, J. R.; Hurni, C. A.; Cruz, S. C.; Matioli, E.; Speck, J. S. [Department of Materials, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States); Neufeld, C. J.; Mishra, U. K. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)

2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

99

Photo Album Of FAPAC - NM Activities | National Nuclear Security  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Photo Album Of FAPAC - NM Activities | National Nuclear Security Photo Album Of FAPAC - NM Activities | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Photo Album Of FAPAC - NM Activities Home > About Us > Our Locations > Albuquerque Complex > Federal Asian Pacific American Council - New Mexico Chapter Albuquerque, NM > Photo Album Of FAPAC - NM Activities

100

Synthesis and Characterization of Th2N2(NH) Isomorphous to Th2N3  

SciTech Connect

Using a new, low-temperature, fluoride-based process, thorium nitride imide of the chemical formula Th{sub 2}N{sub 2}(NH) was synthesized from thorium dioxide via an ammonium thorium fluoride intermediate. The resulting product phase was characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis and was found to be crystallographically similar to Th{sub 2}N{sub 3}. Its unit cell was hexagonal with a space group of P3m{bar 1} and lattice parameters of a = b = 3.886(1) and c = 6.185(2) {angstrom}. The presence of -NH in the nitride phase was verified by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Total energy calculations performed using all-electron scalar relativistic density functional theory (DFT) showed that the hydrogen atom in the Th{sub 2}N{sub 2}(NH) prefers to bond with nitrogen atoms occupying 1a Wyckoff positions of the unit cell. Lattice fringe disruptions observed in nanoparticle areas of the nitride species by high-resolution transmission electron microscopic (HRTEM) images also displayed some evidence for the presence of -NH group. As ThO{sub 2} was identified as an impurity, possible reaction mechanisms involving its formation are discussed.

Silva, G W Chinthaka M [ORNL; Yeamans, Charles B. [University of California, Berkeley; Hunn, John D [ORNL; Sattelberger, Alfred P [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Czerwinski, Ken R. [University of Nevada, Las Vegas; Weck, Dr. Phil F [University of Nevada, Las Vegas

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ne nh nm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Page 1 of 16 2013 NH 4-H Horse Quiz Bowl  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM Location: Belmont Middle School, 38 School Street, Belmont NH 03220 Deadline Quiz Bowl is an event where youth demonstrate their knowledge of equine science in a contest similar to high school quiz bowls. Teams of four race to hit their buzzers and answer equine-related questions

New Hampshire, University of

102

NM-TRIBE-PUEBLO OF POJOAQUE HOUSING CORPORATION  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NM-TRIBE-PUEBLO OF POJOAQUE HOUSING CORPORATION NM-TRIBE-PUEBLO OF POJOAQUE HOUSING CORPORATION Location: Tribe NM-TRIBE- PUEBLO OF POJOAQUE HOUSING CORPORATION NM American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Proposed Action or Project Description The Pueblo of Pojoaque Housing Corporation plans to improve the energy efficiency of six tribal homes located in White Sands Village by removing and replacing inefficient single-pane windows with double- pane, metal-clad wood windows. Conditions: None Categorical Exclusion(s) Applied: B2.5, B5.1 *-For the complete DOE National Environmental Policy Act regulations regarding categorical exclusions, see Subpart D of 10 CFR10 21 This action would not: threaten a violation of applicable statutory, regulatory, or permit requirements for environment, safety, and health,

103

Photorefractive effect at 775 nm in doped lithium niobate crystals  

SciTech Connect

The photorefractive effect induced by 775-nm laser light on doped lithium niobate crystals is investigated by the direct observation in the far field of the transmitted-beam distortion as a function of time. Measurements performed at various Zr-doping concentrations and different light intensities show that the 775-nm light beam induces a steady-state photorefractive effect comparable to that of 532-nm light, but the observed build-up time of the photovoltaic field is longer by three-orders of magnitude. The 775-nm photorefractivity of lithium niobate crystals doped with 3 mol. % ZrO{sub 2} or with 5.5 mol. % MgO is found to be negligible.

Nava, G.; Minzioni, P.; Cristiani, I.; Degiorgio, V. [Department of Electrical, Computer, and Biomedical Engineering, and CNISM, University of Pavia, 27100 Pavia (Italy); Argiolas, N.; Bazzan, M.; Ciampolillo, M. V.; Pozza, G.; Sada, C. [Physics and Astronomy Departement, University of Padova, 35131 Padova (Italy)

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

104

Design and Implementation of High Speed Memory in 130 nm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper deals with the design and analysis of high speed SRAM memory using ATD (Address Transition Detector) technique in 130 nm with the capacitive load of the memory is 5pF

Sampath Kumar; Arti Noor; Sanjay Kr. Singh

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wallow, "The SEMATECH Berkeley MET pushing EUV development beyond 22-nm half pitch," Proc. SPIE 7636, 76361J (2010); P. Naulleau, C. Anderson, L. Baclea-an, P. Denham, S. George,...

106

Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Paving the Way to Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller Print Wednesday, 30 March 2011 00:00 As the nanoelectronics industry pushes towards feature sizes of 22 nm and smaller, conventional single-exposure refractive lithography systems used to print circuit patterns onto computer chips will no longer be feasible. Extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography, utilizing reflective optics and 13-nm-wavelength light to print chips, is the leading candidate to meet the industry's future needs. Despite strong progress in EUV lithography over the past decade, significant challenges remain, including defect-free mask fabrication (see Science Highlight Investigating Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography Mask Defects), and the development of ultrahigh-resolution photoresist-a light-sensitive material used to form a patterned coating-that simultaneously supports low line-edge roughness (LER), high sensitivity, and sub-22-nm resolution. Using the SEMATECH Berkeley Microfield Exposure Tool (MET) at ALS Beamline 12.0.1.3, advanced EUV photoresist research can be performed while high-power stand-alone light sources are still being developed. High-quality 16-nm lines and spaces have been printed using the MET, representing the highest resolution ever achieved from a single-exposure projection optical lithography tool.

107

Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller Print Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller Print As the nanoelectronics industry pushes towards feature sizes of 22 nm and smaller, conventional single-exposure refractive lithography systems used to print circuit patterns onto computer chips will no longer be feasible. Extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography, utilizing reflective optics and 13-nm-wavelength light to print chips, is the leading candidate to meet the industry's future needs. Despite strong progress in EUV lithography over the past decade, significant challenges remain, including defect-free mask fabrication (see Science Highlight Investigating Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography Mask Defects), and the development of ultrahigh-resolution photoresist-a light-sensitive material used to form a patterned coating-that simultaneously supports low line-edge roughness (LER), high sensitivity, and sub-22-nm resolution. Using the SEMATECH Berkeley Microfield Exposure Tool (MET) at ALS Beamline 12.0.1.3, advanced EUV photoresist research can be performed while high-power stand-alone light sources are still being developed. High-quality 16-nm lines and spaces have been printed using the MET, representing the highest resolution ever achieved from a single-exposure projection optical lithography tool.

108

Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller Print Paving the Way to Nanoelectronics 16 nm and Smaller Print As the nanoelectronics industry pushes towards feature sizes of 22 nm and smaller, conventional single-exposure refractive lithography systems used to print circuit patterns onto computer chips will no longer be feasible. Extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography, utilizing reflective optics and 13-nm-wavelength light to print chips, is the leading candidate to meet the industry's future needs. Despite strong progress in EUV lithography over the past decade, significant challenges remain, including defect-free mask fabrication (see Science Highlight Investigating Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography Mask Defects), and the development of ultrahigh-resolution photoresist-a light-sensitive material used to form a patterned coating-that simultaneously supports low line-edge roughness (LER), high sensitivity, and sub-22-nm resolution. Using the SEMATECH Berkeley Microfield Exposure Tool (MET) at ALS Beamline 12.0.1.3, advanced EUV photoresist research can be performed while high-power stand-alone light sources are still being developed. High-quality 16-nm lines and spaces have been printed using the MET, representing the highest resolution ever achieved from a single-exposure projection optical lithography tool.

109

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- TA-1 Manhattan Laboratory - NM 11  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

TA-1 Manhattan Laboratory - NM 11 TA-1 Manhattan Laboratory - NM 11 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: TA-1 MANHATTAN LABORATORY (NM.11 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: Main Technical Area LASL LANL NM.11-1 NM.11-2 NM.11-3 Location: Los Alamos , New Mexico NM.11-3 Evaluation Year: 1985 NM.11-1 Site Operations: Nuclear weapons research and development. NM.11-1 NM.11-3 Site Disposition: Site Disposition NM.11-1 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Uranium , Plutonium, Fission Products NM.11-1 NM.11-3 Radiological Survey(s): Yes NM.11-2 NM.11-3 Site Status: Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP NM.11-1 Also see Documents Related to TA-1 MANHATTAN LABORATORY NM.11-1 - DOE Memorandum/Checklist; Jones to File; Subject:

110

Towards a study of the {sup 22}Ne(p,{gamma}){sup 23}Na reaction at LUNA  

SciTech Connect

The {sup 22}Ne(p,{gamma}){sup 23}Na reaction is a part of the hydrogen burning NeNa cycle. In second-generation stars hydrogen burning may proceed via this cycle. The rate of the {sup 22}Ne(p,{gamma}){sup 23}Na reaction depends on the strength of several resonances in the energy range of the LUNA 400 kV accelerator which have never been observed in direct experiments. A related study is under preparation at LUNA.

Cavanna, Francesca; Depalo, Rosanna; Menzel, Marie-Luise [Dipartimento di fisica, Universita di Genova, and INFN Sezione di Genova, Genova (Italy); Dipartimento di fisica, Universita di Padova, and INFN Sezione di Padova, Padova (Italy); Helmholtz Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Dresden (Germany); Collaboration: LUNA Collaboration

2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

111

Analysis of ISO NE Balancing Requirements: Uncertainty-based Secure Ranges for ISO New England Dynamic Inerchange Adjustments  

SciTech Connect

The document describes detailed uncertainty quantification (UQ) methodology developed by PNNL to estimate secure ranges of potential dynamic intra-hour interchange adjustments in the ISO-NE system and provides description of the dynamic interchange adjustment (DINA) tool developed under the same contract. The overall system ramping up and down capability, spinning reserve requirements, interchange schedules, load variations and uncertainties from various sources that are relevant to the ISO-NE system are incorporated into the methodology and the tool. The DINA tool has been tested by PNNL and ISO-NE staff engineers using ISO-NE data.

Etingov, Pavel V.; Makarov, Yuri V.; Wu, Di; Hou, Zhangshuan; Sun, Yannan; Maslennikov, S.; Luo, X.; Zheng, T.; George, S.; Knowland, T.; Litvinov, E.; Weaver, S.; Sanchez, E.

2013-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

112

Microsoft PowerPoint - Freeze.NE PA Overview_052511.ppt  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Used Fuel Disposition Campaign Used Fuel Disposition Campaign Summary of DOE-NE PA Modeling for Storage and Disposal of Used Nuclear Fuel (UNF), High-Level Radioactive Waste (HLW), and Low-Level Waste (LLW) Geoff Freeze Sandia National Laboratories PA Community of Practice Technical Exchange May 25-26, 2011 Print Close Used Fuel Disposition 2 DOE-Nuclear Energy (NE) - PA Modeling Activities NE Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NEAMS) Waste Integrated Performance and Safety Codes (Waste IPSC) Used Fuel Disposition (UFD) Generic Performance Assessment Model (GPAM) *** Initial modeling focus in both campaigns in on UNF/HLW disposal Print Close Used Fuel Disposition 3  UFD GPAM  Short time horizon (2-3 yrs) - Simplified generic system models (i.e., PA-fidelity using GoldSim) - Current computing capabilities

113

Skåne County, Sweden: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Skåne County, Sweden: Energy Resources Skåne County, Sweden: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Skåne County, Sweden Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 3337385 Coordinates 55.98333°, 13.5° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":55.98333,"lon":13.5,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

114

DOE-NE Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program and EPRI Long-Term  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE-NE Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program and EPRI DOE-NE Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program and EPRI Long-Term Operations Program - Joint Research and Development Plan DOE-NE Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program and EPRI Long-Term Operations Program - Joint Research and Development Plan Nuclear power has contributed almost 20% of the total amount of electricity generated in the United States over the past two decades. High capacity factors and low operating costs make nuclear power plants (NPPs) some of the most economical power generators available. Further, nuclear power remains the single largest contributor (nearly 70%) of non-greenhouse gas-emitting electric power generation in the United States. Even when major refurbishments are performed to extend operating life, these plants continue to represent cost-effective, low-carbon assets to the nation's

115

DOE-NE Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program and EPRI Long-Term  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE-NE Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program and EPRI DOE-NE Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program and EPRI Long-Term Operations Program - Joint Research and Development Plan DOE-NE Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program and EPRI Long-Term Operations Program - Joint Research and Development Plan Nuclear power has contributed almost 20% of the total amount of electricity generated in the United States over the past two decades. High capacity factors and low operating costs make nuclear power plants (NPPs) some of the most economical power generators available. Further, nuclear power remains the single largest contributor (nearly 70%) of non-greenhouse gas-emitting electric power generation in the United States. Even when major refurbishments are performed to extend operating life, these plants continue to represent cost-effective, low-carbon assets to the nation's

116

ARM - Field Campaign - 1996 NARSTO Northeast Field Study (NARSTO-NE)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 NARSTO Northeast Field Study (NARSTO-NE) 6 NARSTO Northeast Field Study (NARSTO-NE) Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Campaign : 1996 NARSTO Northeast Field Study (NARSTO-NE) 1996.07.01 - 1996.07.28 Lead Scientist : Larry Kleinman For data sets, see below. Description The DOE G-1 aircraft was deployed in the New York City metropolitan area as part of the North American Research Strategy for Tropospheric Ozone-Northeast effort to determine the causes of elevated ozone levels in the northeastern United States. Measurements of ozone, ozone precursors, and other photochemically active trace gases were made upwind and downwind of New York City with the objective of characterizing the ozone formation process and its dependence on ambient levels of NOx and volatile organic

117

Charged-Current Neutral Pion production at SciBooNE  

SciTech Connect

SciBooNE, located in the Booster Neutrino Beam at Fermilab, collected data from June 2007 to August 2008 to accurately measure muon neutrino and anti-neutrino cross sections on carbon below 1 GeV neutrino energy. SciBooNE is studying charged current interactions. Among them, neutral pion production interactions will be the focus of this poster. The experimental signature of neutrino-induced neutral pion production is constituted by two electromagnetic cascades initiated by the conversion of the {pi}{sup 0} decay photons, with an additional muon in the final state for CC processes. In this poster, I will present how we reconstruct and select charged-current muon neutrino interactions producing {pi}{sup 0}'s in SciBooNE.

Catala-Perez, J.; /Valencia U., IFIC

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

First Direct Measurement of the {sup 17}F(p,{gamma}){sup 18}Ne Cross Section  

SciTech Connect

The rate of the {sup 17}F(p,{gamma}){sup 18}Ne reaction is important in various astrophysical events. A previous {sup 17}F(p,p){sup 17}F measurement identified a 3{sup +} state providing the strongest resonance contribution, but the resonance strength was unknown. We have directly measured the {sup 17}F(p,{gamma}){sup 18}Ne reaction using a mixed beam of {sup 17}F and {sup 17}O at ORNL. The resonance strength for the 3{sup +} resonance in {sup 18}Ne was found to be {omega}{gamma}=33{+-}14(stat){+-}17(syst) meV, corresponding to a {gamma} width of {gamma}{sub {gamma}}=56{+-}24(stat){+-}30(syst) meV. An upper limit on the direct capture of S(E){<=}65 keV b was determined at an energy of 800 keV.

Chipps, K. A.; Greife, U. [Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado 80401 (United States); Bardayan, D. W.; Smith, M. S. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States); Blackmon, J. C. [Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803 (United States); Chae, K. Y.; Moazen, B. H.; Pittman, S. T. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996 (United States); Hatarik, R.; Peters, W. A. [Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08901 (United States); Kozub, R. L.; Shriner, J. F. Jr. [Tennessee Technological University, Cookeville, Tennessee 38505 (United States); Matei, C. [Oak Ridge Associated Universities, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37830 (United States); Nesaraja, C. D.; Pain, S. D. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States); University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996 (United States)

2009-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

119

Page 1 of 16 2014 NH 4-H Horse Quiz Bowl  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

their knowledge of equine science in a contest similar to high school quiz bowls. Teams of four race to hitPage 1 of 16 2014 NH 4-H Horse Quiz Bowl Date: Saturday January 25, 2014 Time: 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM the day of the contest. The New Hampshire 4-H Quiz Bowl is an event where youth demonstrate

New Hampshire, University of

120

Zuni Mountains Nm Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Zuni Mountains Nm Geothermal Area Zuni Mountains Nm Geothermal Area Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Resource Area: Zuni Mountains Nm Geothermal Area Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and Infrastructure 3 Regulatory and Environmental Issues 4 Exploration History 5 Well Field Description 6 Geology of the Area 7 Geofluid Geochemistry 8 NEPA-Related Analyses (0) 9 Exploration Activities (2) 10 References Area Overview Geothermal Area Profile Location: New Mexico Exploration Region: Other GEA Development Phase: 2008 USGS Resource Estimate Mean Reservoir Temp: Estimated Reservoir Volume: Mean Capacity: Click "Edit With Form" above to add content History and Infrastructure Operating Power Plants: 0 No geothermal plants listed. Add a new Operating Power Plant

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ne nh nm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Federal Asian Pacific American Council - New Mexico Chapter Albuquerque, NM  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Asian Pacific American Council - New Mexico Chapter Albuquerque, NM Asian Pacific American Council - New Mexico Chapter Albuquerque, NM | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Federal Asian Pacific American Council - New Mexico Chapter Albuquerque, NM Home > About Us > Our Locations > Albuquerque Complex > Federal Asian Pacific American Council - New ...

122

Theoretical Investigations on the Formation and Dehydrogenation Reaction Pathways of H(NH2BH2)nH (n=1-4) Oligomers: Importance of Dihydrogen Interactions (DHI)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The H(NH2BH2)nH oligomers are possible products from dehydrogenation of ammonia borane (NH3BH3) and ammonium borohydride (NH4BH4), which belong to a class of boron-nitrogen-hydrogen (BNHx) compounds that are promising materials for chemical hydrogen storage. Understanding the kinetics and reaction pathways of formation of these oligomers and their further dehydrogenation is essential for developing BNHx-based hydrogen storage materials. We have performed computational modeling using density functional theory (DFT), ab initio wavefunction theory, and Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics (CPMD) simulations on the energetics and formation pathways for the H(NH2BH2)nH (n=1-4) oligomers, polyaminoborane (PAB), from NH3BH3 monomers and the subsequent dehydrogenation steps to form polyiminoborane (PIB). Through transition state searches and evaluation of the intrinsic reaction coordinates, we have investigated the B-N bond cleavage, the reactions of NH3BH3 molecule with intermediates, dihydrogen release through intra- and intermolecular hydrogen transfer, dehydrocoupling/cyclization of the oligomers, and the dimerization of NH3BH3 molecules. We discovered the formation mechanism of H(NH2BH2)n+1H oligomers through reactions of the H(NH2BH2)nH oligomers first with BH3 followed by reactions with NH3 and the release of H2, where the BH3 and NH3 intermediates are formed through dissociation of NH3BH3. We also found that the dimerization of the NH3BH3 molecules to form c-(NH2BH2)2 is slightly exothermic, with an unexpected transition state that leads to the simultaneous release of two H2 molecules. The dehydrogenations of the oligomers are also exothermic, typically by less than 10 kcal/(mol of H2), with the largest exothermicity for n=3. The transition state search shows that the one-step direct dehydrocoupling cyclization of the oligomers is not a favored pathway because of high activation barriers. The dihydrogen bonding, in which protic (HN) hydrogens interact with hydridic (HB) hydrogens, plays a vital role in stabilizing different structures of the reactants, transition states, and products. The dihydrogen interaction (DHI) within the -BH2(?2-H2) moiety accounts for both the formation mechanisms of the oligomers and for the dehydrogenation of ammonia borane. Support was provided from the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Chemical Sciences Division and from the U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Chemical Hydrogen Storage Center of Excellence. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is operated by Battelle for the US Department of Energy.

Li, Jun; Kathmann, Shawn M.; Hu, Han-Shi; Schenter, Gregory K.; Autrey, Thomas; Gutowski, Maciej S.

2010-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

123

N NE EX XT T G GE EN NE ER RA AT TI IO ON N S SA AF FE EG  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NE NE EX XT T G GE EN NE ER RA AT TI IO ON N S SA AF FE EG GU UA AR RD DS S I IN NI IT TI IA AT TI IV VE E ( (N NG GS SI I) ) O OP PP PO OR RT TU UN NI IT TI IE ES S F FO OR R S ST TU UD DE EN NT TS S A AN ND D Y YO OU UN NG G P PR RO OF FE ES SS SI IO ON NA AL LS S I IN NT TE ER RE ES ST TE ED D I IN N S SA AF FE EG GU UA AR RD DS S/ /N NO ON NP PR RO OL LI IF FE ER RA AT TI IO ON N The Next Generation Safeguards Initiative (NGSI) was launched by the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) in FY 2008 to develop the policies, concepts, technologies, expertise, and infrastructure necessary to strengthen and sustain the international safeguards system as it evolves to meet new challenges over the next 25 years. NGSI's Human Capital Development subprogram 1 aims to revitalize and expand the international safeguards human capital base in the United States by attracting, educating, training, and retaining

124

MiniBooNE as related to Windows on the Universe  

SciTech Connect

The measurement of absolute neutrino and anti-neutrino cross-sections, the observation of a 'low energy anomaly' in the neutrino sector, the constraints placed on the LSND effect by a non-observation of neutrino oscillations, the search for neutrino and anti-neutrino appearance, and for the possible existence of new heavy particles makes MiniBooNE a major contributor to the current view of the Universe. This paper addresses specific model constraints set by the MiniBooNE data, and explores expectations for further remaining analysis of the data.

Stefanski, Ray; /Fermilab

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

A WATER MASER AND NH{sub 3} SURVEY OF GLIMPSE EXTENDED GREEN OBJECTS  

SciTech Connect

We present the results of a Nobeyama 45 m H{sub 2}O maser and NH{sub 3} survey of all 94 northern GLIMPSE extended green objects (EGOs), a sample of massive young stellar objects (MYSOs) identified based on their extended 4.5 {mu}m emission. We observed the NH{sub 3}(1,1), (2,2), and (3,3) inversion lines, and detected emission toward 97%, 63%, and 46% of our sample, respectively (median rms {approx} 50 mK). The H{sub 2}O maser detection rate is 68% (median rms {approx} 0.11 Jy). The derived H{sub 2}O maser and clump-scale gas properties are consistent with the identification of EGOs as young MYSOs. To explore the degree of variation among EGOs, we analyze subsamples defined based on mid-infrared (MIR) properties or maser associations. H{sub 2}O masers and warm dense gas, as indicated by emission in the higher-excitation NH{sub 3} transitions, are most frequently detected toward EGOs also associated with both Class I and II CH{sub 3}OH masers. Ninety-five percent (81%) of such EGOs are detected in H{sub 2}O (NH{sub 3}(3,3)), compared to only 33% (7%) of EGOs without either CH{sub 3}OH maser type. As populations, EGOs associated with Class I and/or II CH{sub 3}OH masers have significantly higher NH{sub 3} line widths, column densities, and kinetic temperatures than EGOs undetected in CH{sub 3}OH maser surveys. However, we find no evidence for statistically significant differences in H{sub 2}O maser properties (such as maser luminosity) among any EGO subsamples. Combining our data with the 1.1 mm continuum Bolocam Galactic Plane Survey, we find no correlation between isotropic H{sub 2}O maser luminosity and clump number density. H{sub 2}O maser luminosity is weakly correlated with clump (gas) temperature and clump mass.

Cyganowski, C. J. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)] [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Koda, J.; Towers, S.; Meyer, J. Donovan [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794 (United States); Rosolowsky, E. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, Okanagan, Kelowna BC V1V 1V7 (Canada)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, Okanagan, Kelowna BC V1V 1V7 (Canada); Egusa, F. [Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Chuo-ku, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-5210 (Japan)] [Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, Chuo-ku, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 252-5210 (Japan); Momose, R. [Department of Astronomy, University of Tokyo, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan)] [Department of Astronomy, University of Tokyo, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Robitaille, T. P., E-mail: ccyganowski@cfa.harvard.edu [Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Heidelberg (Germany)

2013-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

126

Laser ablation of nanoscale particles with 193 nm light  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Laser ablation of nanoscale particles with 193 nm light Laser ablation of nanoscale particles with 193 nm light Title Laser ablation of nanoscale particles with 193 nm light Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2007 Authors Choi, Jong Hyun, Donald Lucas, and Catherine P. Koshland Journal Journal of Physics: Conference Series Volume 59 Start Page 54 Issue 1 Pagination 54-59 Abstract Laser interaction with nanoscale particles is distinct and different from laser-bulk material interaction, where a hot plasma is normally created. Here, we review our studies on 193 nm laser ablation of various nanoscale particles including NaCl, soot, polystyrene, and gold. The 20 ns laser beam with fluences up to 0.3 J/cm2 irradiates nanoparticles in a gas stream at laser repetition rates from 10 to 100 Hz. The particle size distributions before and after irradiation are measured with a scanning mobility particle sizer (SMPS), and particle morphology is examined with electron microscopy. All the nanomaterials studied exhibit a similar disintegration pattern and similar particle formation characteristics. No broadband emission associated with particle heating or optical breakdown is observed. The nanoparticles formed after irradiation have a smaller mean diameter and an order of magnitude higher number concentration with a more spherical shape compared to the original particles. We use the photon-atom ratio (PAR) to interpret the laser-particle interaction energetics.

127

Two methods of realising 10nm T-gate lithography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents two separate methods for the fabrication of 10nm footprint T-gates using a two-step gate process. We examine the limits of lithographic and pattern transfer processes using the exposure of ZEP520A resist by electron beam lithography, ... Keywords: Electron beam lithography, HEMT, ICP, RIE, Reactive ion etching, T-gate

S. Bentley; X. Li; D. A. J. Moran; I. G. Thayne

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

[(CH3)4N][(C5H5NH)0.8((CH3)3NH)0.2]U2Si9O23F4 (USH-8): An Organically Templated Open-Framework Uranium Silicate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Framework Uranium Silicate Xiqu Wang, Jin Huang, and Allan J. Jacobson* Department of Chemistry, Uni pyramids we obtained also a number of open-framework uranium silicates.18,19 These new compounds were-framework uranium fluorosilicate [(CH3)4N][(C5H5NH)0.8((CH3)3NH)0.2]U2Si9O23F4 (USH- 8) that has been synthesized

Wang, Xiqu

129

36 SEPTEMBER | 2012 WiNd TURbiNE CAPACiTY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

36 SEPTEMBER | 2012 WiNd TURbiNE CAPACiTY FRONTiER FROM SCAdA ThE WORld hAS SEEN A significant contributor to this growth. The wind turbine generated energy depends on the wind potential and the turbine of wind turbines. Supervi- sory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems record wind turbine

Kusiak, Andrew

130

Charged current single pion cross section measurement at MiniBooNE  

SciTech Connect

We present MiniBooNE's preliminary {nu}{sub {mu}} CC1{pi}{sup +} cross section measurement, calculated using the ratio of CC1{pi}{sup +} to CCQE events. We find the inclusive CC1{pi}{sup +} measurement to be below the nuance [1] and NEUGEN [2] expectations.

Wascko, M.O.; /Louisiana State U.

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

A generic network interface architecture for a networked processor array (NePA)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recently Network-on-Chip (NoC) technique has been proposed as a promising solution for on-chip interconnection network. However, different interface specification of integrated components raises a considerable difficulty for adopting NoC techniques. ... Keywords: interconnection network, multiprocessor systemon-chip (MPSoC), network interface, network-on-chip (NoC), networked processor array (NePA)

Seung Eun Lee; Jun Ho Bahn; Yoon Seok Yang; Nader Bagherzadeh

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

THERMALIZATION OF THE ION KINETIC ENERGY IN A Ne GAS PUFF PINCH MODEL*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THERMALIZATION OF THE ION KINETIC ENERGY IN A Ne GAS PUFF PINCH MODEL* J. L. Giuliani, J. W Department of Energy/NNSA, Washington DC USA Full understanding of the dynamics, population kinetics, and energy budget of a K-shell radiating Z-pinch remains a challenging problem in high energy density plasma

133

Km3NeT, a Deep Sea Challenge for Neutrino Astronomy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The groups presently pursuing neutrino telescope projects in the Mediterranean Sea; ANTARES, NEMO, and NESTOR, have formed the new KM3NeT consortium to study the construction of a cubic kilometre-scale neutrino telescope for the Northern hemisphere. ...

Ciro Bigongiari

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Nonuniformity of CBF response to NE-or ANG II-induced hypertension in rabbits  

SciTech Connect

The regional response of brain vasculature to moderate hypertension was investigated using two hypertensive drugs, norepinephrine (NE) and angiotensin II (ANG II), infused intravenously at low concentrations (increase in blood pressure 15-40 mmHg). Regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) was measured in unanesthetized and anesthetized rabbits using the (/sup 14/C)ethanol saturation technique. (1) In both groups of animals, NE and ANG II induced regional differences in the flow changes as compared with controls, confirming a regional (or segmental) heterogeneity in the regulatory mechanisms to hypertension. (2) The responses to identical rises in blood pressure (BP) in most of the structures analyzed depended on the drug used. In the unanesthetized rabbits, the increase in vascular resistance induced by NE was greater than that induced by ANG II. (3) With the two drugs, there was no correlation between the flow changes in any of the structures considered and either the BP increase or the BP level in unanesthetized animals. However, these flow changes were correlated with the BP increase in anesthetized animals, although differences between the effects of NE and ANG II were again observed. This study suggests that cerebrovascular regulatory mechanisms in hypertension are probably more complex than a simple myogenic reaction. Their heterogeneity and their dependence both on the cause of hypertension and on the presence of anesthetics suggest the intervention of an integrating pathway.

Reynier-Rebuffel, A.M.; Aubineau, P.; Issertial, O.; Seylaz, J.

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

NE-Rank: A Novel Graph-Based Keyphrase Extraction in Twitter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The massive growth of the micro-blogging service Twitter has shed the light on the challenging problem of summarizing a collection of large number of tweets. This paper attempts to extract topical key phrases that would represent topics in tweets. Due ... Keywords: Keyphrase Extraction, Graph-based Ranking, Hashtag, Twitter, PageRank, TextRank, NE-Rank

Abdelghani Bellaachia; Mohammed Al-Dhelaan

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Zwischenbericht zum DFG-Forschungsvorhaben NE 902/2-1 SCHR 570/6-1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.3 Anwendungsperspektiven. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 4 Arbeits- und Ergebnisbericht 10 4.3 Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiter/in Dipl.-Ing. Vera Ebbing Besch¨aftigungszeitraum: seit 1. Oktober 2006 1.4 Fachgebiet;Zwischenbericht zum DFG-Forschungsvorhaben NE 902/2-1 SCHR 570/6-1 10 4 Arbeits- und Ergebnisbericht Basierend auf

Neff, Patrizio

137

Ammonia as a hydrogen energy-storage medium. [LH/sub 2/, MeOH, and NH/sub 3/  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Liquid Hydrogen (LH/sub 2/), Methanol (MeOH), and Ammonia (NH/sub 3/) are compared as hydrogen energy-storage media on the basis of reforming the MeOH to produce H/sub 2/ and dissociating (cracking) the NH/sub 3/ to release H/sub 2/. The factors important in this storage concept are briefly discussed. Results of the comparison show that, in terms of energy input for media manufacture from natural gas, hydrogen energy content of the medium, and energy cost ($/10/sup 6/ Btu), NH/sub 3/ has a wide advantage and comes the closest to matching gasoline. The tasks required in developing a safe and practicial hydrogen energy-storage system based on the storage and cracking of NH/sub 3/ are listed. Results of the technical and economic evaluation of this concept will provide the basis for continued development.

Strickland, G

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

File:INL-geothermal-nm.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

nm.pdf nm.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage New Mexico Geothermal Resources Size of this preview: 466 × 599 pixels. Other resolution: 467 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(3,727 × 4,791 pixels, file size: 1.5 MB, MIME type: application/pdf) Description New Mexico Geothermal Resources Sources Idaho National Laboratory Authors Patrick Laney; Julie Brizzee Related Technologies Geothermal Creation Date 2003-11-01 Extent State Countries United States UN Region Northern America States New Mexico File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 12:41, 16 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 12:41, 16 December 2010 3,727 × 4,791 (1.5 MB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated upload from NREL's "mapsearch" data

139

Metallicity of InN and GaN surfaces exposed to NH{sub 3}.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A systematic study of energies and structures of InN and GaN (0001) surfaces exposed to NH{sub 3} and its decomposition products was performed with first-principles methods. A phenomenological model including electron counting contributions is developed based on calculated DFT energies and is used to identify low-energy structures. These predictions are checked with additional DFT calculations. The equilibrium phase diagrams are found to contain structures that violate the electron counting rule. Densities of states for these structures indicate n-type conductivity, consistent with available experimental results.

Walkosz, W.; Zapol, P.; Stephenson, G. B. (Materials Science Division)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Quasielastic neutron scattering of -NH3 and -BH3 rotational dynamics in orthorhombic ammonia borane  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Neutrons scattering techniques are ideally suited to directly probe H in materials due to the large incoherent scattering cross-section of hydrogen atom, and have been invaluable in providing direct insight into the local fluctuations and large amplitude motions in AB. Dihydrogen bonding may have a significant affect on materials to be used to store hydrogen for fuel-cell powered applications. We have noticed a trend of low temperature release of H2 in materials composed of hydridic and protonic hydrogen. This phenomenon has caught our attention and motivated our interest to gain more insight into dihydrogen bonding interactions in AB. We present results from a thorough Quasielastic Neutron Scattering (QENS) investigation of diffusive hydrogen motion in NH311BH3 and ND311BH3 to obtain (1) a direct measure of the rotational energy barriers the protonated species and (2) a confirmation of the 3-site jump model for rotational motion. The amplitude of the energy barrier of rotation of BH3 and NH3 determined by QENS are compared to those determined for BD3 and ND3 determined by 2H NMR studies.

Hess, Nancy J.; Hartman, Michael R.; Brown, Craig; Mamontov, Eugene; Karkamkar, Abhijeet J.; Heldebrant, David J.; Daemen, Luke L.; Autrey, Thomas

2008-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ne nh nm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Herschel / HIFI observations of CO, H2O and NH3 in Mon R2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Context. Mon R2 is the only ultracompact HII region (UCHII) where the associated photon-dominated region (PDR) can be resolved with Herschel. Due to its brightness and proximity, it is the best source to investigate the chemistry and physics of highly UV-irradiated PDRs. Aims. Our goal is to estimate the abundance of H2O and NH3 in this region and investigate their origin. Methods. We present new observations obtained with HIFI and the IRAM-30m telescope. Using a large velocity gradient approach, we model the line intensities and derive an average abundance of H2O and NH3 across the region. Finally, we model the line profiles with a non-local radiative transfer model and compare these results with the abundance predicted by the Meudon PDR code. Results. The variations of the line profiles and intensities indicate complex geometrical and kinematical patterns. The H2O lines present a strong absorption at the ambient velocity and emission in high velocity wings towards the HII region. The spatial distribution of...

Pilleri, P; Cernicharo, J; Ossenkopf, V; Bern, O; Gerin, M; Pety, J; Goicoechea, J R; Rizzo, J R; Montillaud, J; Gonzlez-Garca, M; Joblin, C; Bourlot, J Le; Petit, F Le; Kramer, C

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Searches for New Physics at MiniBooNE: Sterile Neutrinos and Mixing Freedom  

SciTech Connect

The MiniBooNE experiment was designed to perform a search for {nu}{sub {mu}} {yields} {nu}{sub e} oscillations in a region of {Delta}m{sup 2} and sin{sup 2} 2{theta} very different from that allowed by standard, three-neutrino oscillations, as determined by solar and atmospheric neutrino experiments. This search was motivated by the LSND experimental observation of an excess of {bar {nu}}{sub e} events in a {bar {nu}}{sub {mu}} beam which was found compatible with two-neutrino oscillations at {Delta}m{sup 2} {approx} 1 eV{sup 2} and sin{sup 2} 2{theta} < 1%. If confirmed, such oscillation signature could be attributed to the existence of a light, mostly-sterile neutrino, containing small admixtures of weak neutrino eigenstates. In addition to a search for {nu}{sub {mu}} {yields} {nu}{sub e} oscillations, MiniBooNE has also performed a search for {bar {nu}}{sub {mu}} {yields} {bar {nu}}{sub e} oscillations, which provides a test of the LSND two-neutrino oscillation interpretation that is independent of CP or CPT violation assumptions. This dissertation presents the MiniBooNE {nu}{sub {mu}} {yields} {nu}{sub e} and {bar {nu}}{sub {mu}} {yields} {bar {nu}}{sub e} analyses and results, with emphasis on the latter. While the neutrino search excludes the two-neutrino oscillation interpretation of LSND at 98% C.L., the antineutrino search shows an excess of events which is in agreement with the two-neutrino {bar {nu}}{sub {mu}} {yields} {bar {nu}}{sub e} oscillation interpretation of LSND, and excludes the no oscillations hypothesis at 96% C.L. Even though the neutrino and antineutrino oscillation results from MiniBooNE disagree under the single sterile neutrino oscillation hypothesis, a simple extension to the model to include additional sterile neutrino states and the possibility of CP violation allows for differences between neutrino and antineutrino oscillation signatures. In view of that, the viability of oscillation models with one or two sterile neutrinos is investigated in global fits to MiniBooNE and LSND data, with and without constraints from other oscillation experiments with similar sensitivities to those models. A general search for new physics scenarios which would lead to effective non-unitarity of the standard 3 x 3 neutrino mixing matrix, or mixing freedom, is also performed using neutrino and antineutrino data available from MiniBooNE.

Karagiorgi, Georgia S.; /MIT

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Strategic Plan for Nuclear Energy -- Knowledge Base for Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NE-KAMS)  

SciTech Connect

The Nuclear Energy Computational Fluid Dynamics Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NE-CAMS) system is being developed at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) in collaboration with Bettis Laboratory, Sandia National Laboratory (SNL), Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Utah State University (USU), and other interested parties with the objective of developing and implementing a comprehensive and readily accessible data and information management system for computational fluid dynamics (CFD) verification and validation (V&V) in support of nuclear energy systems design and safety analysis. The two key objectives of the NE-CAMS effort are to identify, collect, assess, store and maintain high resolution and high quality experimental data and related expert knowledge (metadata) for use in CFD V&V assessments specific to the nuclear energy field and to establish a working relationship with the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) to develop a CFD V&V database, including benchmark cases, that addresses and supports the associated NRC regulations and policies on the use of CFD analysis. In particular, the NE-CAMS system will support the Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energy Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NEAMS) Program, which aims to develop and deploy advanced modeling and simulation methods and computational tools for reliable numerical simulation of nuclear reactor systems for design and safety analysis. Primary NE-CAMS Elements There are four primary elements of the NE-CAMS knowledge base designed to support computer modeling and simulation in the nuclear energy arena as listed below. Element 1. The database will contain experimental data that can be used for CFD validation that is relevant to nuclear reactor and plant processes, particularly those important to the nuclear industry and the NRC. Element 2. Qualification standards for data evaluation and classification will be incorporated and applied such that validation data sets will result in well-defined, well-characterized data. Element 3. Standards will be established for the design and operation of experiments for the generation of new validation data sets that are to be submitted to NE-CAMS that addresses the completeness and characterization of the dataset. Element 4. Standards will be developed for performing verification and validation (V&V) to establish confidence levels in CFD analyses of nuclear reactor processes; such processes will be acceptable and recognized by both CFD experts and the NRC.

Kimberlyn C. Mousseau

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Growth kinetics and micromorphology of NH{sub 4}Cl:Mn{sup 2+} crystals formed in the NH{sub 4}Cl-MnCl{sub 2}-H{sub 2}O-CONH{sub 3} system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The growth kinetics and elementary growth processes on the surface of NH{sub 4}Cl:Mn{sup 2+} heterogeneous crystals formed in the NH{sub 4}Cl-MnCl{sub 2}-H{sub 2}O-CONH{sub 3} system are experimentally studied. It is found that a change in the composition of complexes in an NH{sub 4}Cl crystal from Mn(NH{sub 4}){sub 2}Cl{sub 4} {center_dot} 2H{sub 2}O to MnCl{sub 2} {center_dot} 2CONH{sub 3} leads to the occurrence of a local maximum in the kinetic curve and a change in the shape of dislocation growth centers from flat to conical. The growth kinetics of {l_brace}100{r_brace} faces of heterogeneous NH{sub 4}Cl:Mn{sup 2+} crystals is described within the Bliznakov model using the Fowler-Guggenheim adsorption isotherm, which takes into account the lateral interaction of adsorbed particles.

Pyankova, L. A., E-mail: lyuba_pyan@mail.ru; Punin, Yu. O.; Bocharov, S. N.; Shtukenberg, A. G. [Petersburg State University (Russian Federation)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

145

ANL/NE-13/9 SHARP Assembly-Scale Multiphysics Demonstration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NE-13/9 NE-13/9 SHARP Assembly-Scale Multiphysics Demonstration Simulations Mathematics and Computation Division & Nuclear Engineering Division About Argonne National Laboratory Argonne is a U.S. Department of Energy laboratory managed by UChicago Argonne, LLC under contract DE-AC02-06CH11357. The Laboratory's main facility is outside Chicago, at 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, Illinois 60439. For information about Argonne and its pioneering science and technology programs, see www.anl.gov. Availability of This Report This report is available, at no cost, at http://www.osti.gov/bridge. It is also available on paper to the U.S. Department of Energy and its contractors, for a processing fee, from: U.S. Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information

146

Ronald E. Gill (NE), Scoville, ID - Level I Curtis Roth (EM), Idaho  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

E. Gill (NE), E. Gill (NE), Scoville, ID - Level I Curtis Roth (EM), Idaho Falls, ID - Level I Jared T. Howerton (NNSA), Oak Ridge, TN - Level I Richard L. Person (NNSA), DOE HQ - Level I Phillip (Tony) A. Polk (EM), Aiken, SC (Savannah River) - Level IV Jane Powell-Dolan (LM), Cincinnati, OH - Level I Eric M. Thompson (NNSA), Oak Ridge, TN - Level II Congratulations to our newly certified FPDs! The Certification Review Board (CRB or 'the Board') convened on Friday, Sep- tember 24 to review certifi- cation candidates and dis- cuss several topics. The Department of Energy (DOE) met the FY2010 tar- gets for the Root Cause Analysis, Corrective Action Plan metrics 7 and 8, as fol- lows: DOE surpassed the target for Metric #7 (95% of pro-

147

DOE-NE-STD-1004-92; Root Cause Analysis Guidance Document  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NE-STD-1004-92 NE-STD-1004-92 DOE GUIDELINE ROOT CAUSE ANALYSIS GUIDANCE DOCUMENT February 1992 U.S. Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energy Office of Nuclear Safety Policy and Standards Washington, D.C. 20585 ii ABSTRACT DOE Order 5000.3A, "Occurrence Reporting and Processing of Operations Information," investigation and reporting of occurrences (including the performance of root cause analysis) requires the and the selection, implementation, and follow-up of corrective actions. The level of effort expended should be based on the significance attached to the occurrence. Most off-normal occurrences need only a scaled- down effort while most emergency occurrences should be investigated using one or more of the formal analytical models. A discussion of methodologies, instructions, and worksheets in this document guides

148

File:USDA-CE-Production-GIFmaps-NE.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NE.pdf NE.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Nebraska Ethanol Plant Locations Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 278 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Description Nebraska Ethanol Plant Locations Sources United States Department of Agriculture Related Technologies Biomass, Biofuels, Ethanol Creation Date 2010-01-19 Extent State Countries United States UN Region Northern America States Nebraska External links http://www.nass.usda.gov/Charts_and_Maps/Ethanol_Plants/ File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 16:18, 27 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 16:18, 27 December 2010 1,650 × 1,275 (278 KB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated bot upload

149

NE-23 Disposal of Offsite-Generated Defense Radioactive Waste, Ventron  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

pi/L +3 pi/L +3 *3L 52. NE-23 Disposal of Offsite-Generated Defense Radioactive Waste, Ventron FUSRAP Site Jill E. Lytle, DP-12 NE-23 The Office of Remedial Action and Waste Technology has received a request from the Technical Services Division, DOE-Oak Ridge Operations Office, for a determination of the appropriate disposal location for the material which will result from remedial action of the Ventron site in Beverly, Massachusetts. The Ventron site was used from 1942 to 1948 under contract to the ME0 and AEC for converting uranium oxide to uranium metal powder, as well as later operations involving recovery of uranium from scrap uranium and turnings from the fuel fabrication plant at Hanford, Washington. Full-scale remedial action, anticipated to result in approximately 5,000

150

Neutron Transfer Studied with a Radioactive beam of 24Ne, using TIARA at SPIRAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A general experimental technique for high resolution studies of nucleon transfer reactions using radioactive beams is briefly described, together with the first new physics results that have been obtained with the new TIARA array. These first results from TIARA are for the reaction 24Ne(d,p)25Ne, studied in inverse kinematics with a pure radioactive beam of 100,000 pps from the SPIRAL facility at GANIL. The reaction probes the energies of neutron orbitals relevant to very neutron rich nuclei in this mass region and the results highlight the emergence of the N=16 magic number for neutrons and the associated disappearance of the N=20 neutron magic number for the very neutron rich neon isotopes.

W. N. Catford; C. N. Timis; R. C. Lemmon; M. Labiche; N. A. Orr; L. Caballero; R. Chapman; M. Chartier; M. Rejmund; H. Savajols; for the TIARA Collaboration

2009-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

151

A combined muon-neutrino and electron-neutrino oscillation search at MiniBooNE  

SciTech Connect

MiniBooNE seeks to corroborate or refute the unconfirmed oscillation result from the LSND experiment. If correct, the result implies that a new kind of massive neutrino, with no weak interactions, participates in neutrino oscillations. MiniBooNE searches for {nu}{sub {mu}} {yields} {nu}{sub e} oscillations with the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory 8 GeV beam line, which produces a {nu}{sub {mu}} beam with an average energy of {approx} 0.8 GeV and an intrinsic {nu}{sub e} content of 0.4%. The neutrino detector is a 6.1 m radius sphere filled with CH{sub 2}, viewed by 1540 photo-multiplier tubes, and located 541 m downstream from the source. This work focuses on the estimation of systematic errors associated with the neutrino flux and neutrino interaction cross section predictions, and in particular, on constraining these uncertainties using in-situ MiniBooNE {nu}{sub {mu}} charged current quasielastic (CCQE) scattering data. A data set with {approx} 100,000 events is identified, with 91% CCQE purity. This data set is used to measure several parameters of the CCQE cross section: the axial mass, the Fermi momentum, the binding energy, and the functional dependence of the axial form factor on four-momentum transfer squared. Constraints on the {nu}{sub {mu}} and {nu}{sub e} fluxes are derived using the {nu}{sub {mu}} CCQE data set. A Monte Carlo study of a combined {nu}{sub {mu}} disappearance and {nu}{sub e} appearance oscillation fit is presented, which improves the {nu}{sub {mu}} {yields} {nu}{sub e} oscillation sensitivity of MiniBooNE with respect to a {nu}{sub e} appearance-only fit by 1.2-1.5{sigma}, depending on the value of {Delta}m{sup 2}.

Monroe, Jocelyn R.; /Columbia U.

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Constraints on electromagnetic properties of sterile neutrinos from MiniBooNE results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Among the class of models with small mixing angles between sterile and active neutrinos, we place constraints on the effective muon-to-sterile neutrino magnetic and electric dipole transition moments from the combined MiniBooNE results for the sterile neutrino mass range of $10\\;\\mathrm{MeV}distribution as a function of polar angle. However, good agreement with the anomalous event distribution in reconstructed energy can be achieved for some values of magnetic and electric moments.

Alexander Radionov

2013-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

153

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- LASL Land Parcels A B C E K LN PL - NM  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Land Parcels A B C E K LN PL - Land Parcels A B C E K LN PL - NM 07 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: LASL LAND PARCELS A, B, C, E, K, LN, PL (NM.07 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Los Alamos County , New Mexico NM.07-2 Evaluation Year: 1986 NM.07-1 Site Operations: No specific operations identified for these tracts of land. NM.07-1 NM.07-2 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Radiation levels below criteria. Declared as surplus real property and offered for public sale in 1972. NM.07-1 NM.07-2 Radioactive Materials Handled: None Specifically Indicated NM.07-1 NM.07-2 Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: None Specifically Indicated Radiological Survey(s): Yes NM.07-2 Site Status: Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP

154

Collapse and expansion in the bright-rimmed cloud SFO 11NE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report the results of a search for the double-peaked blue-skewed infall signature in the bright-rimmed cloud core SFO 11NE SMM1. Observations of the optically thick HCO$^{+}$ and optically thin H$^{13}$CO$^{+}$ J=3--2 lines reveal that there is indeed a characteristic double-peaked line profile, but skewed to the red rather than the blue. Modelling of the dust continuum emission and line profiles show that the motions within SFO 11NE SMM1 are consistent with a collapsing central core surrounded by an expanding outer envelope. We show that the collapse is occurring at a similar rate to that expected onto a single solar-mass protostar and is unlikely to represent the large-scale collapse of gas onto the infrared cluster seen at the heart of SFO 11NE SMM1. The outer envelope is expanding at a much greater rate than that expected for a photoevaporated flow from the cloud surface. The modelled expansion is consistent with the bulk cloud re-expansion phase predicted by radiative-driven implosion models of cometary clouds.

M. A Thompson; G. J. White

2004-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

155

The Sound Emission Board of the KM3NeT Acoustic Positioning System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe the sound emission board proposed for installation in the acoustic positioning system of the future KM3NeT underwater neutrino telescope. The KM3NeT European consortium aims to build a multi-cubic kilometre underwater neutrino telescope in the deep Mediterranean Sea. In this kind of telescope the mechanical structures holding the optical sensors, which detect the Cherenkov radiation produced by muons emanating from neutrino interactions, are not completely rigid and can move up to dozens of meters in undersea currents. Knowledge of the position of the optical sensors to an accuracy of about 10 cm is needed for adequate muon track reconstruction. A positioning system based on the acoustic triangulation of sound transit time differences between fixed seabed emitters and receiving hydrophones attached to the kilometre-scale vertical flexible structures carrying the optical sensors is being developed. In this paper, we describe the sound emission board developed in the framework of KM3NeT project, whi...

Llorens, C D; Sogorb, T; Bou--Cabo, M; Martnez-Mora, J A; Larosa, G; Adrin-Martnez, S

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Benthic biological and biogeochemical patterns and processes across an oxygen minimum zone (Pakistan margin, NE Arabian Sea)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(Pakistan margin, NE Arabian Sea) Gregory L. Cowie a,?, Lisa A. Levin b a The Sir John Murray Laboratories), and organic matter (OM) availability on benthic communities and processes across the Pakistan Margin

Levin, Lisa

157

Strategic Plan for Nuclear Energy -- Knowledge Base for Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NE-KAMS)  

SciTech Connect

NE-KAMS knowledge base will assist computational analysts, physics model developers, experimentalists, nuclear reactor designers, and federal regulators by: (1) Establishing accepted standards, requirements and best practices for V&V and UQ of computational models and simulations, (2) Establishing accepted standards and procedures for qualifying and classifying experimental and numerical benchmark data, (3) Providing readily accessible databases for nuclear energy related experimental and numerical benchmark data that can be used in V&V assessments and computational methods development, (4) Providing a searchable knowledge base of information, documents and data on V&V and UQ, and (5) Providing web-enabled applications, tools and utilities for V&V and UQ activities, data assessment and processing, and information and data searches. From its inception, NE-KAMS will directly support nuclear energy research, development and demonstration programs within the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), including the Consortium for Advanced Simulation of Light Water Reactors (CASL), the Nuclear Energy Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NEAMS), the Light Water Reactor Sustainability (LWRS), the Small Modular Reactors (SMR), and the Next Generation Nuclear Power Plant (NGNP) programs. These programs all involve computational modeling and simulation (M&S) of nuclear reactor systems, components and processes, and it is envisioned that NE-KAMS will help to coordinate and facilitate collaboration and sharing of resources and expertise for V&V and UQ across these programs. In addition, from the outset, NE-KAMS will support the use of computational M&S in the nuclear industry by developing guidelines and recommended practices aimed at quantifying the uncertainty and assessing the applicability of existing analysis models and methods. The NE-KAMS effort will initially focus on supporting the use of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and thermal hydraulics (T/H) analysis for M&S of nuclear reactor systems, components and processes, and will later expand to include materials, fuel system performance and other areas of M&S as time and funding allow.

Rich Johnson; Kimberlyn C. Mousseau; Hyung Lee

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Astrophysically Important 19Ne States Studied with the 2H(18F,alpha+15O)n Reaction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The nuclear structure of {sup 19}Ne near the proton threshold is of interest for understanding the rates of proton-induced reactions on {sup 18}F in novae. Analogues for several states in the mirror nucleus {sup 19}F have not yet been identified in {sup 19}Ne indicating the level structure of {sup 19}Ne in this region is incomplete. The {sup 18}F(d;n){sup 19}Ne and {sup 18}F(d,p){sup 19}F reactions have been measured simultaneously at E{sub c.m.} = 14.9 MeV. The experiments were performed at the Holifield Radioactive Ion Beam Facility (HRIBF) of Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) by bombarding a 720-mg/cm{sub 2} CD{sub 2} target with a radioactive {sup 18}F beam. The {sup 19}Ne states of interest near the proton threshold decay by breakup into a and {sup 15}O particles. These decay products were detected in coincidence with position-sensitive E-{Delta}E silicon telescopes. The {alpha} and {sup 15}N particles from the break up of the mirror nucleus {sup 19}F were also measured with these detectors. Particle identification, coincidence, and Q-value requirements enable us to distinguish the reaction of interest from other reactions. The reconstruction of relative energy of the detected particles reveals the excited states of {sup 19}Ne and {sup 19}F which are populated. The neutron (proton) angular distributions for states in {sup 19}Ne ({sup 19}F) were extracted using momentum conservation. The observed states in {sup 19}Ne and {sup 19}F will be presented.

Adekola, Aderemi S [ORNL; Bardayan, Daniel W [ORNL; Blackmon, Jeff C [ORNL; Brune, C. [Ohio University; Chae, K. Y. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Champagne, A. E. [University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill; Domizioli, Carlo P [ORNL; Greife, U. [Colorado School of Mines, Golden; Heinen, Z. [Ohio University; Hornish, M. [Ohio University; Johnson, Micah [ORNL; Jones, K. L. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Kapler, R. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Livesay, Jake [ORNL; Ma, Zhanwen [ORNL; Massey, T. [Ohio University; Moazen, Brian [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Nesaraja, Caroline D [ORNL; Pain, Steven D [ORNL; ShrinerJr., J. F. [Tennessee Technological University; Thomas, J. S. [Rutgers University; Smith, Nathan A [ORNL; Smith, Michael Scott [ORNL; Visser, D. W. [University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill; Voinov, A. [Ohio University

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Public Service Co of NM | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(Redirected from PNM) (Redirected from PNM) Jump to: navigation, search Name Public Service Co of NM Place New Mexico Utility Id 15473 Utility Location Yes Ownership I NERC Location WECC NERC WECC Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png 10A Irrigation 10A Irrigation within Grant, Lincoln, Hidalgo and Otero counties

160

Database of average-power damage thresholds at 1064 nm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have completed a database of average-power, laser-induced, damage thresholds at 1064 nm on a variety of materials. Measurements were made with a newly constructed laser to provide design input for moderate and high average-power laser projects. The measurements were conducted with 16-ns pulses at pulse-repetition frequencies ranging from 6 to 120 Hz. Samples were typically irradiated for time ranging from a fraction of a second up to 5 minutes (36,000 shots). We tested seven categories of samples which included antireflective coatings, high reflectors, polarizers, single and multiple layers of the same material, bare and overcoated metal surfaces, bare polished surfaces, and bulk materials. The measured damage threshold ranged from 46 J/cm/sup 2/ for a bare polished glass substrate. 4 refs., 7 figs., 1 tab.

Rainer, F.; Hildum, E.A.; Milam, D.

1987-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ne nh nm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Public Service Co of NM | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Jump to: navigation, search Name Public Service Co of NM Place New Mexico Utility Id 15473 Utility Location Yes Ownership I NERC Location WECC NERC WECC Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png 10A Irrigation 10A Irrigation within Grant, Lincoln, Hidalgo and Otero counties 10B Irrigation TOU

162

NE-24  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

the Bureau of Hines Site at Albany, Oregon, for Remedial the Bureau of Hines Site at Albany, Oregon, for Remedial Action Under the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program I L@ _I' J.-La&one, Manager Oak Ridge Operations Office Based on the data in the attached draft reports, it has been determined that the subject site is contaminated with residual radioactive material ' as a result of Manhattan Engineer District/Atomic Energy Commission operations P * at this site. The contamination is in excess of the acceptable guidelines and warrants some form of remedial action under the Fornlerly Utilized Sites Reriledial Action Program. It should be noted that the attached reports are draft reports and although subject to change, the changes expected will not effect the designation of the site; therefore, the reports are Suitable for -

163

NE-23  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

s,' s,' Whidd Pk. Yilljam West West Orange Tennis Club, Inc. 200 Pleasant Valley Way West Orange, New Jersey 07052 Dear Mr. West: The Department of Energy (DOE), as part of its Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP), has reviewed information on Vitro Laboratories, formerly located on what is now property of the West Orange Tennis Club, to determine whether it contains residual radioactivity traceable to activities conducted on behalf of the Atomic Energy Commission (a predecessor to DOE). A radiological survey indicated that the radiation levels and radionuclide concentrations are at or near natural background levels. Therefore, no remedial action is required, and DOE is eliminating the former Vitro site from further consideration under FL&RAP.

164

FY09 assessment of mercury reduction at SNL/NM.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This assessment takes the result of the FY08 performance target baseline of mercury at Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico, and records the steps taken in FY09 to collect additional data, encourage the voluntary reduction of mercury, and measure success. Elemental (metallic) mercury and all of its compounds are toxic, and exposure to excessive levels can permanently damage or fatally injure the brain and kidneys. Elemental mercury can also be absorbed through the skin and cause allergic reactions. Ingestion of inorganic mercury compounds can cause severe renal and gastrointestinal damage. Organic compounds of mercury such as methyl mercury, created when elemental mercury enters the environment, are considered the most toxic forms of the element. Exposures to very small amounts of these compounds can result in devastating neurological damage and death.1 SNL/NM is required to report annually on the site wide inventory of mercury for the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) Program, as the site's inventory is excess of the ten pound reportable threshold quantity. In the fiscal year 2008 (FY08) Pollution Prevention Program Plan, Section 5.3 Reduction of Environmental Releases, a performance target stated was to establish a baseline of mercury, its principle uses, and annual quantity or inventory. This was accomplished on July 29, 2008 by recording the current status of mercury in the Chemical Information System (CIS).

McCord, Samuel Adam

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

High Resolution Irradiance Spectrum from 300 to 1000 nm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The FTS scans that made up the Kitt Peak Solar Flux Atlas by Kurucz, Furenlid, Brault, and Testerman (1984) have been re-reduced. An approximate telluric atmospheric model was determined for each FTS scan. Large-scale features produced by O3 and O2 dimer were computed and divided out. The solar continuum level was found by fitting a smooth curve to high points in each scan. The scans were normalized to the fitted continuum to produce a residual flux spectrum for each FTS scan. The telluric line spectrum was computed using HITRAN and other line data for H2O, O2, and CO2. The line parameters were adjusted for an approximate match to the observed spectra. The scans were divided by the computed telluric spectra to produce residual irradiance spectra. Artifacts from wavelength mismatches, deep lines, etc, were removed by hand and replaced by linear interpolation. Overlapping scans were fitted together to make a continuous spectrum from 300 to 1000 nm. All the above steps were iterative. The monochromatic error var...

Kurucz, R L

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

High Resolution Irradiance Spectrum from 300 to 1000 nm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The FTS scans that made up the Kitt Peak Solar Flux Atlas by Kurucz, Furenlid, Brault, and Testerman (1984) have been re-reduced. An approximate telluric atmospheric model was determined for each FTS scan. Large-scale features produced by O3 and O2 dimer were computed and divided out. The solar continuum level was found by fitting a smooth curve to high points in each scan. The scans were normalized to the fitted continuum to produce a residual flux spectrum for each FTS scan. The telluric line spectrum was computed using HITRAN and other line data for H2O, O2, and CO2. The line parameters were adjusted for an approximate match to the observed spectra. The scans were divided by the computed telluric spectra to produce residual irradiance spectra. Artifacts from wavelength mismatches, deep lines, etc, were removed by hand and replaced by linear interpolation. Overlapping scans were fitted together to make a continuous spectrum from 300 to 1000 nm. All the above steps were iterative. The monochromatic error varies from 0.1 to 1.0 percent. The residual spectrum was calibrated two different ways: First by normalizing it to the continuum of theoretical solar model ASUN (Kurucz 1992), and second, by degrading the spectrum to the resolution of the observed irradiance (Thuillier et al. 2004) to determine a normalization function that was then applied to the high resolution spectrum.

Robert L. Kurucz

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

1 Summary: NE cod FSP survey 2003-08 The trawler Abbie Lee was  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

chartered in October/November 2008 to carry out the sixth in a series of FSP surveys of cod and other gadoids off the NE coast of England. Surveys since 2005 have utilised tows spread out over the survey area, with additional tows in defined areas with coarser seabed types (hard ground) where cod abundance is expected to be greatest. As in previous FSP surveys, cod were most abundant on or near the hard ground, whereas haddock were mainly on the softer seabed sediments offshore. Whiting distribution showed no clear relationship with seabed type. 6 5

Jos De Oliveira; Guy Pasco; Mike Armstrong; Peter Randall; Cefas Lowestoft

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Temperature Effects on the Perturber Induced Shift of Dopant Ionization Energies in He and Ne  

SciTech Connect

In this Letter, temperature effects on the perturber induced shift {Delta}{sub D}({rho}{sub P}) [{rho}{sub P} {equivalent_to} perturber number density] of the dopant ionization energy in the repulsive gases Ne and He are investigated at low to medium perturber densities (i.e., {rho}{sub P} {<=} 6.0 x 10{sup 21} cm{sup -3}). We show that these effects arise form changes in the ensemble averaged dopant/perturber polarization energy rather than from changes in the energy of the quasi-free electron.

C Evans; Y Lushtak; X Shi; L Li; G Findley

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

169

Horn Operational Experience in K2K, MiniBooNE, NuMI and CNGS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper gives an overview of the operation and experience gained in the running of magnetic horns in conventional neutrino beam lines (K2K, MiniBooNE, NuMI and CNGS) over the last decade. Increasing beam power puts higher demands on horn conductors but even more on their hydraulic and electrical systems, while the horn environment itself becomes more hostile due to radiation. Experience shows that designing horns for remote handling and testing them extensively without beam become prerequisites for successful future neutrino beam lines.

Pardons, A

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

DOE-NE Proliferation and Terrorism Risk Assessment: FY12 Plans Update  

SciTech Connect

This presentation provides background information on FY12 plans for the DOE Office of Nuclear Energy Proliferation and Terrorism Risk Assessment program. Program plans, organization, and individual project elements are described. Research objectives are: (1) Develop technologies and other solutions that can improve the reliability, sustain the safety, and extend the life of current reactors; (2) Develop improvements in the affordability of new reactors to enable nuclear energy; (3) Develop Sustainable Nuclear Fuel Cycles; and (4) Understand and minimize the risks of nuclear proliferation and terrorism - Goal is to enable the use of risk information to inform NE R&D program planning.

Sadasivan, Pratap [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

171

Verification of Allowable Stresses In ASME Section III Subsection NH For Grade 91 Steel & Alloy 800H  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The database for the creep-rupture of 9Cr-1Mo-V (Grade 91) steel was collected and reviewed to determine if it met the needs for recommending time-dependent strength values, S{sub t}, for coverage in ASME Section III Subsection NH (ASME III-NH) to 650 C (1200 F) and 600,000 hours. The accumulated database included over 300 tests for 1% total strain, nearly 400 tests for tertiary creep, and nearly 1700 tests to rupture. Procedures for analyzing creep and rupture data for ASME III-NH were reviewed and compared to the procedures used to develop the current allowable stress values for Gr 91 for ASME II-D. The criteria in ASME III-NH for estimating S{sub t} included the average strength for 1% total strain for times to 600,000 hours, 80% of the minimum strength for tertiary creep for times to 600,000 hours, and 67% of the minimum rupture strength values for times to 600,000 hours. Time-temperature-stress parametric formulations were selected to correlate the data and make predictions of the long-time strength. It was found that the stress corresponding to 1% total strain and the initiation of tertiary creep were not the controlling criteria over the temperature-time range of concern. It was found that small adjustments to the current values in III-NH could be introduced but that the existing values were conservative and could be retained. The existing database was found to be adequate to extend the coverage to 600,000 hours for temperatures below 650 C (1200 F).

R. W. Swindeman; M. J. Swindeman; B. W. Roberts; B. E. Thurgood; D. L. Marriott

2007-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

172

Effect of sulfated CaO on NO reduction by NH{sub 3} in the presence of excess oxygen  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effect of sulfated CaO on NO reduction by NH{sub 3} in the presence of excess oxygen was investigated to evaluate the potential of simultaneous SO{sub 2} and NO removal at the temperature range of 700-850{sup o}C. The physical and chemical properties of the CaO sulfation products were analyzed to investigate the NO reduction mechanism. Experimental results showed that sulfated CaO had a catalytic effect on NO reduction by NH{sub 3} in the presence of excess O{sub 2} after the sulfation reaction entered the transition control stage. With the increase of CaO sulfation extent in this stage, the activity for NO reduction first increased and then decreased, and the selectivity of NH{sub 3} for NO reduction to N{sub 2} increased. The byproduct (NO{sub 2} and N{sub 2}O) formation during NO reduction experiments was negligible. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis showed that neither CaSO{sub 3} nor CaS was detected, indicating that the catalytic activity of NO reduction by NH{sub 3} in the presence of excess O{sub 2} over sulfated CaO was originated from the CaSO{sub 4} product. These results revealed that simultaneous SO{sub 2} and NOx control by injecting NH{sub 3} into the dry flue gas desulfurization process for NO reduction might be achieved. 38 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

Tianjin Li; Yuqun Zhuo; Yufeng Zhao; Changhe Chen; Xuchang Xu [Tsinghua University, Beijing (China). Key Laboratory for Thermal Science and Power Engineering of Ministry of Education

2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

173

Ion Exclusion by Sub 2-nm Carbon Nanotube Pores  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Carbon nanotubes offer an outstanding platform for studying molecular transport at nanoscale, and have become promising materials for nanofluidics and membrane technology due to their unique combination of physical, chemical, mechanical, and electronic properties. In particular, both simulations and experiments have proved that fluid flow through carbon nanotubes of nanometer size diameter is exceptionally fast compared to what continuum hydrodynamic theories would predict when applied on this length scale, and also, compared to conventional membranes with pores of similar size, such as zeolites. For a variety of applications such as separation technology, molecular sensing, drug delivery, and biomimetics, selectivity is required together with fast flow. In particular, for water desalination, coupling the enhancement of the water flux with selective ion transport could drastically reduce the cost of brackish and seawater desalting. In this work, we study the ion selectivity of membranes made of aligned double-walled carbon nanotubes with sub-2 nm diameter. Negatively charged groups are introduced at the opening of the carbon nanotubes by oxygen plasma treatment. Reverse osmosis experiments coupled with capillary electrophoresis analysis of permeate and feed show significant anion and cation rejection. Ion exclusion declines by increasing ionic strength (concentration) of the feed and by lowering solution pH; also, the highest rejection is observed for the A{sub m}{sup Z{sub A}} C{sub n}{sup Z{sub C}} salts (A=anion, C=cation, z= valence) with the greatest Z{sub A}/Z{sub C} ratio. Our results strongly support a Donnan-type rejection mechanism, dominated by electrostatic interactions between fixed membrane charges and mobile ions, while steric and hydrodynamic effects appear to be less important. Comparison with commercial nanofiltration membranes for water softening reveals that our carbon nanotube membranes provides far superior water fluxes for similar ion rejection capabilities.

Fornasiero, F; Park, H G; Holt, J K; Stadermann, M; Grigoropoulos, C P; Noy, A; Bakajin, O

2008-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

174

Radiative rates and electron impact excitation rate coefficients for Ne-like selenium, Se XXV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this article we report calculations of energy levels, radiative rates, electron impact collision strengths, and effective collision strengths for transitions among the 241 fine-structure levels arising from 2l{sup 8} and 2l{sup 7}n{sup '}l{sup '} (n{sup '{241 levels. The effective collision strengths are reported for all 28920 transitions among the 241 levels over a wide temperature range up to 10 keV. To assess the reliability and accuracy of the present collisional data, we have performed a 27-state close-coupling calculation, employing the Dirac R-matrix theory. The results from the close-coupling calculation and the independent-process calculation for the identical target states are found to be in good agreement. - Highlights: {yields} Radiative and collisional atomic data are presented for the lowest 241 fine-structure levels in Ne-like Se. {yields} Calculations are performed using the FAC package. {yields} Resonances enhance significantly a large amount of transitions. {yields} Radiative damping effects are significant for many transitions. {yields} Close-coupling effects are small in Ne-like Se.

Wang, K.; Chen, C.Y., E-mail: chychen@fudan.edu.cn; Huang, M.; Wang, Y.S.; Zou, Y.M.

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

175

Photoionization-pumped, Ne II, x-ray laser studies project. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The energetics of this pumping scheme are shown. Short-pulse (50 to 100 ps) laser irradiation of an appropriate x-ray flashlamp medium generates broad-band emission in the range of 300 to 800 eV which preferentially photoionizes Ne to the /sup 2/S state of Ne II creating an inversion at approximately 27 eV. Although this approach does not depend on precise spectral overlap between the x-ray pump radiation and the medium to be pumped, it does require that the x-ray medium remain un-ionized prior to photoionization by the soft x-ray emission. Well-controlled focus conditions are required to ensure that the x-ray medium is not subjected to electron or x-ray preheat prior to irradiation by the soft x-ray source. The magnitude of the population inversion is predicted to be critically dependent upon rapid photoionization of the two states; therefore, ultra-short pulse irradiation of the laser flashlamps is required.

Richardson, M.C.; Hagelstein, P.L.; Eckart, M.J.; Forsyth, J.M.; Gerrassimenko, M.; Soures, J.M.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Helioseismic Constraints on the Solar Ne/O Ratio and Heavy Element Abundances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We examine the constraints imposed by helioseismic data on the solar heavy element abundances. In prior work we argued that the measured depth of the surface convection zone R_CZ and the surface helium abundance Y_surf were good metallicity indicators which placed separable constraints on light metals (CNONe) and the heavier species with good relative meteoritic abundances. The resulting interiors-based abundance scale was higher than some published studies based on 3D model atmospheres at a highly significant level. In this paper we explore the usage of the solar sound speed in the radiative interior as an additional diagnostic, and find that it is sensitive to changes in the Ne/O ratio even for models constructed to have the same R_CZ and Y_surf. Three distinct helioseismic tests (opacity in the radiative core, ionization in the convection zone, and the core mean molecular weight) yield consistent results. Our preferred O, Ne and Fe abundances are 8.86 +/-0.04, 8.15 +/-0.17 and 7.50 +/-0.05 respectively. Th...

Delahaye, F; Pinsonneault, L; Zeippen, C J

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Light charged particle emission from hot $^{32}$S$^{*}$ formed in $^{20}$Ne + $^{12}$C reaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inclusive energy distributions for light charged particles ($p, d, t$ and $\\alpha$) have been measured in the $^{20}$Ne (158, 170, 180, 200 MeV) + $^{12}$C reactions in the angular range 10$^{o}$ -- 50$^{o}$. Exclusive light charged particle energy distribution measurements were also done for the same system at 158 MeV bombarding energy by in-plane light charged particle -- fragment coincidence. Pre-equilibrium components have been separated out from proton energy spectra using moving source model considering two sources. The data have been compared with the predictions of the statistical model code CASCADE. It has been observed that significant deformation effects were needed to be introduced in the compound nucleus in order to explain the shape of the evaporated $d, t$ energy spectra. For protons, evaporated energy spectra were rather insensitive to nuclear deformation, though angular distributions could not be explained without deformation. Decay sequence of the hot $^{32}$S nucleus has been investigated through exclusive light charged particle measurements using the $^{20}$Ne (158 MeV) + $^{12}$C reaction. Information on the sequential decay chain has been extracted through comparison of the experimental data with the predictions of the statistical model. It is observed from the present analysis that exclusive light charged particle data may be used as a powerful tool to probe the decay sequence of hot light compound systems.

Aparajita Dey; S. Bhattacharya; C. Bhattacharya; K. Banerjee; T. K. Rana; S. Kundu; S. R. Banerjee; S. Mukhopadhyay; D. Gupta; R. Saha

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Characterization of nonthermal Ne-N{sub 2} mixture radio frequency discharge  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper deals with optical emission spectroscopic studies of low pressure (p=0.1{yields}0.5 mbar) Ne-N{sub 2} capacitively coupled radio frequency (rf) plasma that can be used for plasma nitriding, etc. It reports the methods to calculate the electron temperature (T{sub e}) in nonthermal plasmas. Since, the selected Ne I lines, used to calculate electron temperature, are found in corona balance; therefore, it allows us to use modified Boltzmann technique to calculate electron temperature. Langmuir probe is also used to calculate electron temperature and electron energy distribution functions (EEDFs). The measurements are worked out for different discharge parameters like neon percentage, filling pressure and RF power. It is found that electron temperature increases with the increase in neon percentage and decreases with the increase in pressure, whereas excitation temperature (T{sub exc}) increases with power, neon percentage, and decreases with pressure. It is also observed that electron temperature measured by Langmuir probe technique is slightly greater than the one measured via modified Boltzmann plot method. The tails of the EEDFs gain height and extend toward the higher energy with the increase in neon percentage in the mixture.

Rehman, N. U.; Zakaullah, M. [Department of Physics, Quaid-i-Azam University, 45320 Islamabad (Pakistan); Khan, F. U. [Department of Physics, Gomal University, 29050 D.I. Khan (Pakistan); Naseer, S. [Department of Physics, Peshawar University, 25120 Peshawar (Pakistan)

2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

179

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- LASL Tracks Eastern Area No 3 - NM 10  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Tracks Eastern Area No 3 - NM Tracks Eastern Area No 3 - NM 10 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: LASL TRACKS EASTERN AREA NO. 3 (NM.10 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Area No. 3 , Los Alamos County , New Mexico NM.10-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 NM.10-2 Site Operations: These tracts were part of LASL and were subject to contamination from laboratory operations. NM.10-2 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Radiation levels below criteria per environmental radiation survey NM.10-3 Radioactive Materials Handled: None Indicated Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: None Indicated Radiological Survey(s): Yes NM.10-3 Site Status: Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Also see Documents Related to LASL TRACKS EASTERN AREA NO. 3

180

Demonstration of an 8.85 nm Gain-Saturated Table-Top Soft X-Ray Laser and Lasing down to 7.4 nm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report the efficient generation of a gain-saturated 8.85 nm wavelength table-top soft x-ray laser operating at 1 Hz repetition rate and the observation of lasing at wavelengths as short as 7.36 nm in lanthanide ions.

Wang, Yong [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Alessi, David [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Luther, Brad [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Yin, Liang [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Martz, Dale [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Berrill, Mark A [ORNL; Jorge, Rocca [Colorado State University, Fort Collins

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ne nh nm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Measurement of the nu(mu)-CCQE cross-section in the SciBooNE experiment  

SciTech Connect

SciBooNE is a neutrino and anti-neutrino cross-section experiment at Fermilab, USA. The SciBooNE experiment is summarized and two independent CCQE analyses are described. For one of the analyses, an absolute {nu}{sub {mu}}-CCQE cross section in the neutrino energy region (0.6-1.6) GeV is shown and the technique developed for such a purpose is also explained. The total cross section measured over this energy range agrees well with expectations, based on the NEUT event generator and using a value of 1.21 GeV for the CCQE axial mass.

Alcaraz-Aunion, Jose Luis; /Barcelona, IFAE; Walding, Joseph; /Imperial Coll., London

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

New Results from MiniBooNE Charged-Current Quasi-Elastic Anti-Neutrino Data  

SciTech Connect

MiniBooNE anti-neutrino charged-current quasi-elastic (CCQE) data is compared to model predictions. The main background of neutrino-induced events is examined first, where three independent techniques are employed. Results indicate the neutrino flux is consistent with a uniform reduction of {approx}20% relative to the largely uncertain prediction. After background subtraction, the Q{sup 2} shape of {bar v}{sub {mu}} CCQE events is consistent with the model parameter MA = 1.35 GeV determined from MiniBooNE v{sub {mu}} CCQE data, while the normalization is {approx} 20% high compared to the same prediction.

Grange, Joseph

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Capacitive deionization of NH{sub 4}CIO{sub 4} solutions with carbon aerogel electrodes. Revision 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A process for capacitive deionization of water with a stack of carbon aerogel electrodes was developed. Unlike ion exchange, one of the more conventional deionization processes, no chemicals are required for regeneration of the system; electricity is used instead. An aqueous solution of NH{sub 4}ClO{sub 4} is pumped through the electrochemical cell. After polarization, NH{sub 4}{sup +} and ClO{sub 4}{sup -} ions are removed from the water by the imposed electric field and trapped in the extensive cathodic and anodic double layers. Thsi process produces one stream of purified water and a second stream of concentrate. Effects of cell voltage, salt concentration, and cycling on electrosorption capacity were studied and results reported.

Farmer, J.C.; Fix, D.V.; Mack, G.V.; Pekala, R.W.; Poco, J.F.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

A reaction mechanism for titanium nitride CVD from TiCl{sub 4} and NH{sub 3}  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A gas-phase and surface reaction mechanism for the CVD of TiN from TiCl{sub 4} and NH{sub 3} is proposed. The only gas-phase process is complex formation, which can compete with deposition. The surface mechanism postulates the stepwise elimination of Cl and H atoms from TiCl{sub 4} and NH{sub 3}, respectively, to form solid TiN and gaseous HCl. The mechanism also accounts for the change in oxidation state of Ti by allowing for liberation of N{sub 2}. Provided that the surface composition is at steady state, the stoichiometry of the overall reaction is reproduced exactly. In addition, the global kinetic law predicted by the mechanism is successfully fit to new deposition data from a rotating disk reactor and is shown to be consistent with literature results.

Larson, R.S.; Allendorf, M.D.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Laser Rock Drilling on the History Channel - The NE Multimedia Collection  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Departments > System Technologies & Diagnostics > Videos Departments > System Technologies & Diagnostics > Videos Laser Oil & Gas Well Drilling: Laser Rock Drilling on the History Channel Argonne's Laser Applications Lab and researcher Claude Reed (NE) appeared in the History Channel program "Modern Marvels: Drilling" (May 10, 2006). "Modern Marvels" relates the ingenuity, invention and imagination behind everyday items, technological breakthroughs and man-made wonders. :: Please wait until video loads completely :: Argonne Experts Dr. Claude B. Reed is one of the Experts featured in the Argonne Experts Guide. The video is in mp4 format. Closed Captioning Transcript Live Closed captioning of the video is not available; however -as an alternative- we provide a transcript of the audio portion of this video as a separate web page.

186

Markus Popa, DOE (OCRWM) Bill Sherman, NE HLRW Task Force Robert Holden, NCAI  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Minutes Monday, November 3rd 2:00-3:00 p.m. (EST) Minutes Monday, November 3rd 2:00-3:00 p.m. (EST) Participants included: Markus Popa, DOE (OCRWM) Bill Sherman, NE HLRW Task Force Robert Holden, NCAI Mike Butler, UETC Bob Fronczak, AAR Kevin Blackwell, FRA Mike Butler (UETC) greeted participants and informed the group of previous notification by Robert Light (Mescalero Apache Tribe), Robert Centracco (FRA), and Mike Calhoun (FRA) that they would be unable to join the call. Mr. Butler began the call with a brief update on the status of Matrix 1, now entitled "Summary of Rail and Highway Regulations and their Applicability to States, Tribes, Shippers, and Carriers." He informed the group that he had completed an initial draft of the matrix, but that he was making substantial revisions to it and therefore he had not distributed it to the entire group for

187

NE-24 R&D Decontamination Projects Under the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

" _ ,' ,:.' : " _ ,' ,:.' : NE-24 R&D Decontamination Projects Under the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP) '. * * ,~~'.'J.' L.aGrone, Manager Oak Ridge Operations O fffce As a result of the House-Senate Conference Report and the Energy and W a ter Appropriations Act for FY 1984, and based on the data in the attached reports indicating radioactive contamination In excess of acceptable guidelines, the sites listed In the attachment and their respectfve vicinity properties (contaminated with radioactive materials from these sites) are being designated as decontamination research and development projects under the FUSRAP. Each site and the associated vicinity properties should be treated as a separate project. . . -_ The objectjve of each project is to decontaminate the vicinity properties

188

NE-23 Elimination of the Chupadera Mesa and Los Alamos County Industrial Waste  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

AM? 2 2 1986 AM? 2 2 1986 NE-23 Elimination of the Chupadera Mesa and Los Alamos County Industrial Waste Line Sites from Further Consideration for FUSRAP Inclusion Carlos E. Garcia, Director Environmental Safety and Health Division Albuquerque Operations Office The enclosed material is being provided to you to document the final actions taken under the Department's Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP) for the Chupadera Mesa area and the Los Alamos County Industrial Waste Lines, New Mexico. Copies of designation/ elimination reviews for each of the sites are enclosed for your records. We have determined that neither site warrants inclusion in the remedial action program. Primary sources of data for this determination were two survey reports prepared through your Division, LA-10256-MS, "Radiological

189

K-SHELL PHOTOIONIZATION AND PHOTOABSORPTION OF Ne, Mg, Si, S, Ar, AND Ca  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present extensive computations of photoabsorption and photoionization cross sections across the K-edge of Ne, Mg, Si, S, Ar, and Ca ions with less than 11 electrons. The calculations are performed using the Breit-Pauli R-matrix method and include the effects of radiative and Auger damping by means of an optical potential. The wave functions are constructed from single-electron orbital bases obtained using a Thomas-Fermi-Dirac statistical model potential. Configuration interaction is considered among all fine-structure levels within the n = 2 complex. The damping processes affect the resonances converging to the K thresholds causing them to display symmetric profiles of constant width that smear the otherwise sharp edge at the photoionization thresholds.

Witthoeft, M. C.; Kallman, T. R. [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 662, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Bautista, M. A. [Department of Physics, Virginia Polytechnic and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061 (United States); Mendoza, C. [Centro de Fisica, Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones CientIficas (IVIC), Caracas 1020A (Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of); Palmeri, P.; Quinet, P. [Astrophysique et Spectroscopie, Universite de Mons-Hainaut, B-7000 Mons (Belgium)], E-mail: bautista@vt.edu

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

190

Effect of supplementation on vitamin A and zinc nutriture of children in northeast (NE) Thailand  

SciTech Connect

Previous surveys of the nutritional status of young children in NE Thailand suggested that they may benefit from vitamin A (VA) and/or zinc (Zn) supplementation. 140 children, with low plasma retinol concentrations were entered in a double-blind study. They were randomized and supplemented with either VA, Zn, VA + Zn or placebo each weekday for 6 mos. All subjects consumed their usual diet that provided adequate protein, less than recommended calories, fat, Zn and VA. Biochemical indices of VA and Zn status increased significantly. The children had adequate VA liver stores as assessed by relative dose response. Zn supplementation resulted in improvement of vision restoration time in dim light using rapid dark adaptometry. VA and Zn synergistically normalized conjunctival epithelium after a 6 mo supplementation. Data suggest that functional improvements of populations with suboptimal VA and Zn nutriture can be accomplished by supplementation with {lt}2 times of RDA of these nutrients.

Udomkesmalee, E.; Dhanamitta, S.; Charoenklatkul, S.; Tantipopipat, S.; Banjong, O.; Rojroongwasinkul, N.; Kramer, T.R.; Smith, J.C. Jr. (Mahidol Univ., Nakhon Pathom (Thailand) USDA, Beltsville, MD (United States))

1991-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

191

First direct measurement of resonance strengths in {sup 17}O({alpha},{gamma}){sup 21}Ne  

SciTech Connect

The reaction {sup 17}O({alpha},{gamma}){sup 21}Ne has been measured by in-beam {gamma} spectroscopy for the first time in the energy range E{sub {alpha}=}750-1650 keV using highly enriched anodized Ta{sub 2}({sup 17}O){sub 5} targets. Resonances were found at E{sub {alpha}=} 1002, 1386, and 1619 keV. Their strengths and primary {gamma}-ray branchings are given. The new results exclude the low reaction rate of Descouvemont and support the rate of Caughlan and Fowler. Implications for the neutron poisoning efficiency of {sup 16}O in the weak s-process are discussed.

Best, A.; Goerres, J.; Couder, M.; Boer, R. de; Falahat, S.; Kontos, A.; LeBlanc, P. J.; Li, Q.; O'Brien, S.; Sonnabend, K.; Talwar, R.; Uberseder, E.; Wiescher, M. [Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 (United States)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

192

KM3NeT:a large underwater neutrino telescope in the Mediterranean Sea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High energy neutrinos produced in astrophysical processes will allow for a new way of studying the universe. In order to detect the expected flux of high energy neutrinos from specific astrophysical sources, neutrino telescopes of a scale of a km^3 of water will be needed. A Northern Hemisphere detector is being proposed to be sited in a deep area of the Mediterranean Sea. This detector will provide complimentary sky coverage to the IceCube detector being built at the South Pole. The three neutrino telescope projects in the Mediterranean (ANTARES, NEMO and NESTOR) are partners in an effort to design, and build such a km^3 size neutrino telescope, the KM3NeT. The EU is funding a 3-year Design Study; the status of the Design Study is presented and some technical issues are discussed.

P. A. Rapidis; for the KM3NeT consortium

2008-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

193

Efficient Excitation of Gain-Saturated Sub-9-nm-Wavelength Tabletop Soft-X-Ray Lasers and Lasing Down to 7.36 nm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have demonstrated the efficient generation of sub-9-nm-wavelength picosecond laser pulses of microjoule energy at 1-Hz repetition rate with a tabletop laser. Gain-saturated lasing was obtained at =8.85 nm in nickel-like lanthanum ions excited by collisional electron-impact excitation in a precreated plasma column heated by a picosecond optical laser pulse of 4-J energy. Furthermore, isoelectronic scaling along the lanthanide series resulted in lasing at wavelengths as short as =7.36 nm. Simulations show that the collisionally broadened atomic transitions in these dense plasmas can support the amplification of subpicosecond soft-x-ray laser pulses.

Alessi, David [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Wang, Yong [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Luther, Brad [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Yin, Liang [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Martz, Dale [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Woolston, Mark [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Liu, Yanwei [University of California, Berkeley & LBNL; Berrill, Mark A [ORNL; Jorge, Rocca [Colorado State University, Fort Collins

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

BP Studentship* in the Department of Earth Sciences of the University of Oxford Tectonic evolution of the Parnaiba cratonic basin, NE Brazil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Parnaiba cratonic basin, NE Brazil Supervisors: Prof. A. B. Watts and Dr. M. Daly (BP) * Subject to funding structure and petroleum play. The focus will be on the Parnaiba basin in NE Brazil, one of the world in Brazil and the UK, will involve the acquisition of seismic reflection and refraction profile data along

195

Using MiniBooNE neutral current elastic cross section results to constrain 3+1 sterile neutrino models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The MiniBooNE Neutral Current Elastic (NCEL) cross section results are used to extract limits in the $\\Delta m^{2}-\\sin^{2}\\vartheta_{\\mu s}$ plane for a 3+1 sterile neutrino model with a mass splitting $0.1 \\leq \\Delta m^{2} \\leq 10.0$ eV$^{2}$. GENIE is used with a cross section model close to the one employed by MiniBooNE to make event rate predictions using simulations on the MiniBooNE target material CH$_{2}$. The axial mass is a free parameter in all fits. Sterile modifications to the flux and changes to the cross section in the simulation relate the two and allow limits to be set on sterile neutrino mixing using cross section results. The large axial mass problem makes it necessary for experiments to perform their own axial mass fits, but a prior fit to the same dataset could mask a sterile oscillation signal. Results are given with and without a penalty term on the axial mass from a prior fit. We find that a simultaneous fit to the axial mass and the sterile neutrino parameters favours very high axial mass values. The general problems that the current uncertainty on charged-current quasi-elastic (CCQE) cross sections at MiniBooNE energies pose for sterile neutrino measurements are discussed.

Callum Wilkinson; Susan Cartwright; Lee Thompson

2013-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

196

Measurements of nuclear $?$-ray line emission in interactions of protons and $?$ particles with N, O, Ne and Si  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

$\\gamma$-ray production cross sections have been measured in proton irradiations of N, Ne and Si and $\\alpha$-particle irradiations of N and Ne. In the same experiment we extracted also line shapes for strong $\\gamma$-ray lines of $^{16}$O produced in proton and $\\alpha$-particle irradiations of O. For the measurements gas targets were used for N, O and Ne and a thick foil was used for Si. All targets were of natural isotopic composition. Beams in the energy range up to 26 MeV for protons and 39 MeV for $\\alpha$-particles have been delivered by the IPN-Orsay tandem accelerator. The $\\gamma$ rays have been detected with four HP-Ge detectors in the angular range 30$^{\\circ}$ to 135$^{\\circ}$. We extracted 36 cross section excitation functions for proton reactions and 14 for $\\alpha$-particle reactions. For the majority of the excitation functions no other data exist to our knowledge. Where comparison with existing data was possible usually a very good agreement was found. It is shown that these data are very interesting for constraining nuclear reaction models. In particular the agreement of cross section calculations in the nuclear reaction code TALYS with the measured data could be improved by adjusting the coupling schemes of collective levels in the target nuclei $^{14}$N, $^{20,22}$Ne and $^{28}$Si. The importance of these results for the modeling of nuclear $\\gamma$-ray line emission in astrophysical sites is discussed.

H. Benhabiles-Mezhoud; J. Kiener; J. -P. Thibaud; V. Tatischeff; I. Deloncle; A. Coc; J. Duprat; C. Hamadache; A. Lefebvre-Schuhl; J. -C. Dalouzy; F. De Grancey; F. De Oliveira; F. Dayras; N. De Srville; M. -G. Pellegriti; L. Lamia; S. Ouichaoui

2010-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

197

First Direct Measurement of the 17F(p,gamma)18Ne Cross Section  

SciTech Connect

The rate of the 17F(p,gamma)18Ne reaction is of significant importance in astrophysical events like novae and x-ray bursts. A previous 17F(p,p)17F measurement identified the 3+ state in 18Ne predicted to dominate the rate above 0.2 GK at a center of mass energy of 599.8 keV, but the resonance strength for proton capture was unknown. We have directly measured the 17F(p,gamma)18Ne reaction with the Daresbury Recoil Separator, using a mixed beam of radioactive 17F and stable 17O from the HRIBF at ORNL. The resonance strength for the 599.8 keV resonance in 18Ne was found to be = 33 14(stat) 17(sys) meV, corresponding to a width of = 56 24(stat) 30(sys) meV. Additionally, an upper limit on the direct capture S factor of S(E) < 65 keV b was determined at an intermediate energy of 800 keV.

Chipps, K. [Colorado School of Mines, Golden; Bardayan, Daniel W [ORNL; Blackmon, Jeff C [ORNL; Chae, K. Y. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Greife, U. [Colorado School of Mines, Golden; Hatarik, Robert [Rutgers University; Kozub, R. L. [Tennessee Technological University; Matei, Catalin [Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU); Moazen, Brian [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Nesaraja, Caroline D [ORNL; Pain, Steven D [ORNL; Peters, W. A. [Rutgers University; Pittman, S. T. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); ShrinerJr., J. F. [Tennessee Technological University; Smith, Michael Scott [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Excimer laser photochemistry of silane-ammonia mixtures at 193 nm  

SciTech Connect

The ArF excimer laser induced photochemistry of silane-ammonia mixtures has been studied with molecular beam sampling mass spectrometry. The observed products include disilane, trisilane, and all possible aminosilanes, SiH{sub x}(NH{sub 2}){sub 4-x}, x = 0-3. These products are formed under steady-state photolysis conditions and under single-laser-pulse conditions. A mechanism for the formation of these species is proposed and quantitatively evaluated.

Beach, D.B.; Jasinski, J.M. (Thomas J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, NY (USA))

1990-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

199

UNH Cooperative Extension is an equal opportunity educator and employer, UNH, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture and NH counties cooperating.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-up of what you did to Rhiannon Beauregard, 4-H State Program Coordinator. Signature of Applicant Date: Rhiannon Beauregard, 4-H State Program Coordinator Moiles House, 180 Main Street, Durham, NH 03824 Rhiannon.beauregard

New Hampshire, University of

200

Radiation damage to amorphous carbon thin films irradiated by multiple 46.9 nm laser shots below the single-shot damage threshold  

SciTech Connect

High-surface-quality amorphous carbon (a-C) optical coatings with a thickness of 45 nm, deposited by magnetron sputtering on a silicon substrate, were irradiated by the focused beam of capillary-discharge Ne-like Ar extreme ultraviolet laser (CDL=capillary-discharge laser; XUV=extreme ultraviolet, i.e., wavelengths below 100 nm). The laser wavelength and pulse duration were 46.9 nm and 1.7 ns, respectively. The laser beam was focused onto the sample surface by a spherical Sc/Si multilayer mirror with a total reflectivity of about 30%. The laser pulse energy was varied from 0.4 to 40 muJ on the sample surface. The irradiation was carried out at five fluence levels between 0.1 and 10 J/cm{sup 2}, accumulating five different series of shots, i.e., 1, 5, 10, 20, and 40. The damage to the a-C thin layer was investigated by atomic force microscopy (AFM) and Nomarski differential interference contrast (DIC) optical microscopy. The dependence of the single-shot-damaged area on pulse energy makes it possible to determine a beam spot diameter in the focus. Its value was found to be equal to 23.3+-3.0 mum using AFM data, assuming the beam to have a Gaussian profile. Such a plot can also be used for a determination of single-shot damage threshold in a-C. A single-shot threshold value of 1.1 J/cm{sup 2} was found. Investigating the consequences of the multiple-shot exposure, it has been found that an accumulation of 10, 20, and 40 shots at a fluence of 0.5 J/cm{sup 2}, i.e., below the single-shot damage threshold, causes irreversible changes of thin a-C layers, which can be registered by both the AFM and the DIC microscopy. In the center of the damaged area, AFM shows a-C removal to a maximum depth of 0.3, 1.2, and 1.5 nm for 10-, 20- and 40-shot exposure, respectively. Raman microprobe analysis does not indicate any change in the structure of the remaining a-C material. The erosive behavior reported here contrasts with the material expansion observed earlier [L. Juha et al., Proc. SPIE 5917, 91 (2005)] on an a-C sample irradiated by a large number of femtosecond pulses of XUV high-order harmonics.

Juha, L.; Hajkova, V.; Vorlicek, V. [Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Na Slovance 2, 182 21 Prague 8 (Czech Republic); Chalupsky, J. [Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Na Slovance 2, 182 21 Prague 8 (Czech Republic); Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, Brehova 7, 115 19 Prague 1 (Czech Republic); Ritucci, A.; Reale, A.; Zuppella, P. [Department of Physics, University of L'Aquila, gc Laboratorio Nazionale del Gran Sasso (Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare-INFN), 67010 Coppito, L'Aquila (Italy); Stoermer, M. [GKSS Research Center, Max-Planck-Strasse 1, D-21502 Geesthacht (Germany)

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ne nh nm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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201

L3, Fabrication of Top-Gated Sub-10 nm Epitaxial Graphene ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

HSQ lines (width ~10 nm) on graphene were fabricated and then the HSQ line .... Electroluminescent Devices with a Low Turn-on Voltage and High Brightness.

202

Hexagonally Arranged Nanopore Film Fabricated via Selective Etching by 172-nm Vacuum Ultraviolet Light Irradiation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Technical Paper / Selected papers from 20th Target Fabrication Meeting, May 20-24, 2012, Santa Fe, NM, Guest Editor: Robert C. Cook

Motonori Komura; Kaori Kamata; Tomokazu Iyoda; Keiji Nagai

203

Demonstration of 12 nm resolution Fresnel zone plate lens based soft x-ray microscopy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To extend soft x-ray microscopy to a resolution of order 10 nm or better, we developed a new nanofabrication process for Fresnel zone plate lenses. The new process, based on the double patterning technique, has enabled us to fabricate high quality gold zone plates with 12 nm outer zones. Testing of the zone plate with the full-field transmission x-ray microscope, XM-1, in Berkeley, showed that the lens clearly resolved 12 nm lines and spaces. This result represents a significant step towards 10 nm resolution and beyond.

Chao, W.; Kim, J.; Rekawa, S.; Fischer, P.; Anderson, E. H.

2009-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

204

Demonstration Assessment of LED Roadway Lighting: NE Cully Boulevard Portland, OR  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new roadway lighting demonstration project was initiated in late 2010, which was planned in conjunction with other upgrades to NE Cully Boulevard, a residential collector road in the northeast area of Portland, OR. With the NE Cully Boulevard project, the Portland Bureau of Transportation hoped to demonstrate different light source technologies and different luminaires side-by-side. This report documents the initial performance of six different newly installed luminaires, including three LED products, one induction product, one ceramic metal halide product, and one high-pressure sodium (HPS) product that represented the baseline solution. It includes reported, calculated, and measured performance; evaluates the economic feasibility of each of the alternative luminaires; and documents user feedback collected from a group of local Illuminating Engineering Society (IES) members that toured the site. This report does not contain any long-term performance evaluations or laboratory measurements of luminaire performance. Although not all of the installed products performed equally, the alternative luminaires generally offered higher efficacy, more appropriate luminous intensity distributions, and favorable color quality when compared to the baseline HPS luminaire. However, some products did not provide sufficient illumination to all areasvehicular drive lanes, bicycle lanes, and sidewalksor would likely fail to meet design criteria over the life of the installation due to expected depreciation in lumen output. While the overall performance of the alternative luminaires was generally better than the baseline HPS luminaire, cost remains a significant barrier to widespread adoption. Based on the cost of the small quantity of luminaires purchased for this demonstration, the shortest calculated payback period for one of the alternative luminaire types was 17.3 years. The luminaire prices were notably higher than typical prices for currently available luminaires purchased in larger quantities. At prices that are more typical, the payback would be less than 10 years. In addition to the demonstration luminaires, a networked control system was installed for additional evaluation and demonstration purposes. The capability of control system to measure luminaire input power was explored in this study. A more exhaustive demonstration and evaluation of the control system will be the subject of future GATEWAY report(s).

Royer, Michael P.; Poplawski, Michael E.; Tuenge, Jason R.

2012-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

205

Nearest-IR superluminescent diodes with a 100-nm spectral width  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an experimental study of quantum well superluminescent diodes with an extremely thin (InGa)As active layer. Under cw injection, the output power of such diodes is several milliwatts, with a centre wavelength of 830 nm and emission bandwidth of about 100 nm. (letters)

Il'chenko, S N; Ladugin, M A; Marmalyuk, Aleksandr A; Yakubovich, S D

2012-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

206

Fine structure collision strengths and line ratios for [Ne V] in infrared and optical sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Improved collisions strengths for the mid-infrared and optical transitions in Ne V are presented. Breit-Pauli R-Matrix calculations for electron impact excitation are carried out with fully resolved near-threshold resonances at very low energies. In particular, the fine structure lines at 14 micron and 24 micron due to transitions among the ground state levels 1s^22s^22p^3 (^3P_{0,1,2}), and the optical/near-UV lines at 2973, 3346 and 3426 Angstrom transitions among the ^3P_{0,1,2}, ^1D_2, ^1S_0 levels are described. Maxwellian averaged collision strengths are tabulated for all forbidden transistion within the ground configuration. Significant differences are found in the low temperature range Te < 10000 K for both the FIR and the opitcal transitions compared to previous results. An analysis of the 14/24 line ratio in low-energy-density (LED) plasma conditions reveals considerable variation; the effective rate coefficient may be dominated by the very low-energy behaviour rather than the maxwellian averaged...

Dance, Michael; Nahar, Sultana N; Pradhan, Anil K

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Particle decay branching ratios for states of astrophysical importance in 19Ne  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have measured proton and alpha-particle branching ratios of excited states in 19Ne formed using the 19F(3He,t) reaction at a beam energy of 25 MeV. These ratios have a large impact on the astrophysical reaction rates of 15O(alpha,gamma), 18F(p,gamma) and 18F(p,alpha), which are of interest in understanding energy generation in x-ray bursts and in interpreting anticipated gamma-ray observations of novae. We detect decay protons and alpha-particles using a silicon detector array in coincidence with tritons measured in the focal plane detector of our Enge split-pole spectrograph. The silicon array consists of five strip detectors of the type used in the Louvain-Edinburgh Detector Array, subtending angles from 130 degrees to 165 degrees with approximately 14% lab efficiency. The correlation angular distributions give additional confidence in some prior spin-parity assignments that were based on gamma branchings. We measure Gamma_p/Gamma=0.387+-0.016 for the 665 keV proton resonance, which agrees well with the direct measurement of Bardayan et al.

D. W. Visser; J. A. Caggiano; R. Lewis; W. B. Handler; A. Parikh; P. D. Parker

2003-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

208

Color transparency after the NE18 and E665 experiments: Outllok and perspectives at CEBAF  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CEBAF is a high-luminocity factory of virtual photons with variable virtuality $Q^{2}$ and transverse size. This makes CEBAF, in particular after the energy upgrade to (8-12)GeV, an ideal facility for uncovering new phenomena, and opening new windows, at the interface of the perturbative and nonperturbative QCD. We discuss color transparency as the case for a broad program on electroproduction of vector mesons $\\rho^{0},\\,\\omega^{0},\\,\\phi^{0}$ and their radial excitations $\\rho',\\,\\omega',\\,\\phi'$ at CEBAF. We also comment on the second generation of experiments on color transparency in $^{4}He(e,e'p)$ scattering, which are also feasible at CEBAF. In 1994, we can make more reliable projections into future because our understanding of the onset of color transparency has greatly been augmented by two experiments completed in 1993:\\\\ i) no effect of CT was seen in the SLAC NE18 experiment on $A(e,e'p)$ scattering at virtualities of the exchanged photon $Q^{2} \\lsim 7$ GeV$^{2}$, \\\\ ii) strong signal of CT was observed in the FNAL E665 experiment on exclusive $\\rho^{0}$- meson production in deep inelastic scattering in the same range of $Q^{2}$. \\\\ We discuss the impact of these observations on the CEBAF experimental program. We argue they both are good news, both were anticipated theoretically, and both rule in the correct QCD mechanism of the onset of CT.

J. Nemchik; N. N. Nikolaev; B. G. Zakharov

1994-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

209

An intensity-modulated dual-wavelength He-Ne laser for remote sensing of methane  

SciTech Connect

The differential absorption laser radar for methane sensing detects a leakage of methane gas by emitting into the atmosphere the light of a wavelength absorbable by methane, receiving the light returning after being reflected or scattered on a road or wall surface, etc., and measuring the light intensity lost during the travel. This methane detection system is highly practicable as it makes an instantaneous remote detection possible. The authors have developed a new He-Ne laser that could be used as the light source for the above system. This device emits a two-wavelength laser beam (one wavelength absorbable by methane and the other not absorbable by methane but used for referential purposes) from a single plasma tube, and there is no possibility of the axes of the two-wavelength component deviating from each other. Further, using this laser, they have developed a vehicle-mounted type differential absorption laser radar system which has successfully detected low density methane leakage while the vehicle was moving.

Ueki, T.; Tanaka, H.; Uehara, K.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Controlling the nonlinear intracavity dynamics of large He-Ne laser gyroscopes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A model based on Lamb's theory of gas lasers is applied to a He-Ne ring laser gyroscope in order to estimate and remove the laser dynamics contribution from the rotation measurements. The intensities of the counter-propagating laser beams exiting one cavity mirror are continuously observed together with a monitor of the laser population inversion. These observables, once properly calibrated with a dedicated procedure, allow us to estimate cold cavity and active medium parameters driving the main part of the nonlinearities of the system. The parameters identification and noise subtraction procedure has been verified by means of a Monte Carlo study of the system, and experimentally tested on the G-Pisa ring laser oriented with the normal to the ring plane almost parallel to the Earth rotation axis. In this configuration the Earth rotation-rate provides the maximum Sagnac effect while the contribution of the orientation error is reduced at minimum. After the subtraction of laser dynamics by a Kalman filter, the ...

Cuccato, Davide; Belfi, Jacopo; Beverini, Nicol; Ortolan, Antonello; Di Virgilio, Angela

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

A Measurement of the Neutrino Neutral Current Pi0 Cross Section at MiniBooNE  

SciTech Connect

The MiniBooNE neutrino beam and detector at Fermilab are used to study the production of neutral current {pi}{sup 0} events. The cross sections for neutrino interactions with mineral oil (CH{sub 2}) are reported for resonantly produced and coherently produced single {pi}{sup 0} events. We measure a resonant single {pi}{sup 0} cross section of {sigma}({nu}{sub {mu}} N {pi}{sup 0}) = (0.0129 {+-} 0.0011(stat.) {+-} 0.0043(syst.)) x 10{sup -36} cm{sup 2}/CH{sub 2} at a mean neutrino energy of 1.26 GeV. We measure a coherent single {pi}{sup 0} cross section of {sigma}({nu}{sub {mu}} A {yields} {nu}{sub {mu}} A {pi}{sup 0}) = (0.00077 {+-} 0.00016 (stat.) {+-} 0.00036 (syst.)) x 10{sup -36} cm{sup 2}/CH{sub 2} at mean neutrino energy 1.12 GeV.

Raaf, Jennifer Lynne; /Cincinnati U.

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Rock Sampling At Zuni Mountains Nm Area (Brookins, 1982) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Zuni Mountains Nm Area (Brookins, 1982) Zuni Mountains Nm Area (Brookins, 1982) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Rock Sampling At Zuni Mountains Nm Area (Brookins, 1982) Exploration Activity Details Location Zuni Mountains Nm Area Exploration Technique Rock Sampling Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Radiogenic heat production analysis from U,Th,K concentrations. References D. G. Brookins (1982) Potassium, Uranium, Thorium Radiogenic Heat Contribution To Heat Flow In The Precambrian And Younger Silicic Rocks Of The Zuni And Florida Mountains, New Mexico (Usa) Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Rock_Sampling_At_Zuni_Mountains_Nm_Area_(Brookins,_1982)&oldid=387056" Category: Exploration Activities

213

Building blocks for future detectors: Silicon test masses and 1550 nm laser light  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Current interferometric gravitational wave detectors use the combination of quasi-monochromatic, continuous-wave laser light at 1064 nm and fused silica test masses at room temperature. Detectors of the third generation, such as the Einstein-Telescope, will involve a considerable sensitivity increase. The combination of 1550 nm laser radiation and crystalline silicon test masses at low temperatures might be important ingredients in order to achieve the sensitivity goal. Here we compare some properties of the fused silica and silicon test mass materials relevant for decreasing the thermal noise in future detectors as well as the recent technology achievements in the preparation of laser radiation at 1064 nm and 1550 nm relevant for decreasing the quantum noise. We conclude that silicon test masses and 1550 nm laser light have the potential to form the future building blocks of gravitational wave detection.

R. Schnabel; M. Britzger; F. Brckner; O. Burmeister; K. Danzmann; J. Dck; T. Eberle; D. Friedrich; H. Lck; M. Mehmet; R. Nawrodt; S. Steinlechner; B. Willke

2009-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

214

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

MO MT NE NV NH NJ NM NY NC ND OH OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT VA WA WV WI WY U.S. Number of states in which marketer is licensed ... Service Tech & Research Corp

215

C:\\ANNUAL\\VENTCHAP.V8\\NGA.VP  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC 0.00-1.99 2.00-2.99...

216

C:\\ANNUAL\\VENTCHAP.V8\\NGAla1109.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC Sources: Energy...

217

NGA98fin5.vp  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC 0.00-1.99 2.00-2.99...

218

High Level Requirements for the Nuclear Energy -- Knowledge Base for Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NE-KAMS)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The US Department of Energy, Office of Nuclear Energy (DOE-NE), has been tasked with the important mission of ensuring that nuclear energy remains a compelling and viable energy source in the U.S. The motivations behind this mission include cost-effectively meeting the expected increases in the power needs of the country, reducing carbon emissions and reducing dependence on foreign energy sources. In the near term, to ensure that nuclear power remains a key element of U.S. energy strategy and portfolio, the DOE-NE will be working with the nuclear industry to support safe and efficient operations of existing nuclear power plants. In the long term, to meet the increasing energy needs of the U.S., the DOE-NE will be investing in research and development (R&D) and working in concert with the nuclear industry to build and deploy new, safer and more efficient nuclear power plants. The safe and efficient operations of existing nuclear power plants and designing, licensing and deploying new reactor designs, however, will require focused R&D programs as well as the extensive use and leveraging of advanced modeling and simulation (M&S). M&S will play a key role in ensuring safe and efficient operations of existing and new nuclear reactors. The DOE-NE has been actively developing and promoting the use of advanced M&S in reactor design and analysis through its R&D programs, e.g., the Nuclear Energy Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NEAMS) and Consortium for Advanced Simulation of Light Water Reactors (CASL) programs. Also, nuclear reactor vendors are already using CFD and CSM, for design, analysis, and licensing. However, these M&S tools cannot be used with confidence for nuclear reactor applications unless accompanied and supported by verification and validation (V&V) and uncertainty quantification (UQ) processes and procedures which provide quantitative measures of uncertainty for specific applications. The Nuclear Energy Knowledge base for Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NE-KAMS) is being developed at the Idaho National Laboratory in conjunction with Bettis Laboratory, Sandia National Laboratories, Argonne National Laboratory, Utah State University and others with the objective of establishing a comprehensive and web-accessible knowledge base that will provide technical services and resources for V&V and UQ of M&S in nuclear energy sciences and engineering. The knowledge base will serve as an important resource for technical exchange and collaboration that will enable credible and reliable computational models and simulations for application to nuclear reactor design, analysis and licensing. NE-KAMS will serve as a valuable resource for the nuclear industry, academia, the national laboratories, the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and the public and will help ensure the safe, economical and reliable operation of existing and future nuclear reactors. From its inception, NE-KAMS will directly support nuclear energy research, development and demonstration programs within the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), including the CASL, NEAMS, Light Water Reactor Sustainability (LWRS), Small Modular Reactors (SMR), and Next Generation Nuclear Power Plant (NGNP) programs. These programs all involve M&S of nuclear reactor systems, components and processes, and it is envisioned that NE-KAMS will help to coordinate and facilitate collaboration and sharing of resources and expertise for V&V and UQ across these programs.

Rich Johnson; Hyung Lee; Kimberlyn C. Mousseau

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

The Search for Meterorites with Complex Exposure Histories Amoung Ordinary Chondrites with Low 3HE/21NE Ratios  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In calculating cosmic-ray exposure ages of meteorites it is generally assumed that the meteoroids were expelled from a shielded position within their parent body and then experienced a single stage exposure before colliding with Earth. The combination of noble gas and radionuclide measurements in several large meteorites, such as Jilin and Bur Ghelaui, have revealed complex exposure histories: i.e. an initial exposure on the surface of an asteroid (or within meter-sized meteoroid), followed by a second exposure as a smaller object. In fact, orbital dynamics calculations predicted that at least 30% of the meteorites arriving on Earth experienced two- or multiple-stage exposure histories [1]. More recently, after the recognition that the Yarkovsky effect plays an important role in delivering meteorites from the asteroid belt to Earth-crossing orbits, it was confirmed that complex exposure histories should be common [2]. Nevertheless, despite the ability to measure a wide range of radionuclides with accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS), only a few meteorites with complex exposure histories have been identified [e.g. 3,4]. The question is whether the relatively paucity of complex exposure histories is real or have we simply overlooked complex-exposure histories. In this work we focus on meteorites with low {sup 3}He/{sup 21}Ne ratios, since it is known that most meteorites with complex exposure histories have relatively low {sup 3}He/{sup 21}Ne ratios, i.e. the {sup 3}He/{sup 21}Ne ratio is below the ''Bern-line''. Several hypotheses have been suggested for these low {sup 3}He/{sup 21}Ne ratios, including solar heating in low-perihelion orbits, shock-related diffusion of He during the collision that ejected the meteoroid, or an artifact of high shielding conditions [4]. The first two hypotheses seem to be supported by low radiogenic {sup 4}He concentrations in samples with low {sup 3}He, whereas Monte Carlo calculations have shown that some of the low {sup 3}He/{sup 21}Ne ratios may be due to high shielding conditions in objects with radii > 1m [5]. To elucidate these issues, we selected 15 samples with known noble gas concentrations [6] for radionuclide studies and obtained aliquots of the samples adjacent to those measured for noble gases. The specific goal is the identification of complex exposure histories among samples having low {sup 3}He/{sup 21}Ne ratios. All samples have {sup 3}He deficiencies of >20% relative to the ''Bern-line'' (Table 1). Most of the selected samples also have low {sup 22}Ne/{sup 21}Ne ratios ({le}1.1), indicative of high shielding during most of their cosmic-ray exposure (Table 1), whereas one sample (Suizhou) was selected because of its relatively low {sup 81}Kr concentration [7]. In addition, we selected QUE 93021, for which initial radionuclide results suggested a short exposure age. Here we present cosmogenic {sup 10}Be, {sup 26}Al and {sup 36}Cl in stone and metal fractions for the 16 ordinary chondrites listed in Table 1.

Welton, K C; Nishiizumi, K; Caffee, M W

2001-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

220

DENSE GAS TRACERS IN PERSEUS: RELATING THE N{sub 2}H{sup +}, NH{sub 3}, AND DUST CONTINUUM PROPERTIES OF PRE- AND PROTOSTELLAR CORES  

SciTech Connect

We investigate 35 prestellar cores and 36 protostellar cores in the Perseus molecular cloud. We find a very tight correlation between the physical parameters describing the N{sub 2}H{sup +} and NH{sub 3} gas. Both the velocity centroids and the line widths of N{sub 2}H{sup +} and NH{sub 3} correlate much better than either species correlates with CO, as expected if the nitrogen-bearing species are probing primarily the dense core gas where the CO has been depleted. We also find a tight correlation in the inferred abundance ratio between N{sub 2}H{sup +} and para-NH{sub 3} across all cores, with N(p-NH{sub 3})/N(N{sub 2}H{sup +}) = 22 +- 10. We find a mild correlation between NH{sub 3} (and N{sub 2}H{sup +}) column density and the (sub)millimeter dust continuum derived H{sub 2} column density for prestellar cores, N(p-NH{sub 3})/N(H{sub 2}) {approx}10{sup -8}, but do not find a fixed ratio for protostellar cores. The observations suggest that in the Perseus molecular cloud the formation and destruction mechanisms for the two nitrogen-bearing species are similar, regardless of the physical conditions in the dense core gas. While the equivalence of N{sub 2}H{sup +} and NH{sub 3} as powerful tracers of dense gas is validated, the lack of correspondence between these species and the (sub)millimeter dust continuum observations for protostellar cores is disconcerting and presently unexplained.

Johnstone, Doug; Kirk, Helen [National Research Council Canada, Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics, 5071 West Saanich Road, Victoria, BC V9E 2E7 (Canada); Rosolowsky, Erik [University of British Columbia Okanagan, Kelowna, BC V1V 1V7 (Canada); Tafalla, Mario, E-mail: doug.johnstone@nrc-cnrc.gc.c [Observatorio Astronomico Nacional (IGN), Alfonso XII 3, E-28014 Madrid (Spain)

2010-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ne nh nm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

350nm CMOS test-chip for architecture verification of real-time QVGA color-video segmentation at the 90nm technology node  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We designed a cell-network-based full-custom test-chip for gray-scale/color image segmentation of real-time video-signals in 350nm CMOS technology. From this digital test-chip design, fully-integrated QVGA-size video-picture-segmentation chips, with ...

Takashi Morimoto; Yohmei Harada; Tetsushi Koide; Hans Jrgen Mattausch

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

High silicon content silylating reagents for dry-developed positive-tone resists for extreme ultraviolet (13.5 nm) and deep ultraviolet (248 nm) microlithography  

SciTech Connect

Recent results in the use of disilanes as silylating reagents for near-surface imaging with deep-UV (248 nm) and EUV (13.5 nm) lithography are reported. A relatively thin imaging layer of a photo-cross-linking resist is spun over a thicker layer of hard-baked resist that functions as a planarizing layer and antireflective coating. Photoinduced acid generation and subsequent heating crosslinks and renders exposed areas impermeable to an aminodisilane that reacts with the unexposed regions. Subsequent silylation and reactive ion etching afford a positive-tone image. The use of disilanes introduces a higher concentration of silicon into the polymer than is possible with silicon reagents that incorporate only one silicon atom per reactive site. The higher silicon content in the silylated polymer increases etching selectivity between exposed and unexposed regions and thereby increases the contrast. Additional improvements that help to minimize flow during silylation are also discussed, including the addition of bifunctional disilanes. We have resolved high aspect ratio, very high quality 0.20 {mu}m line and space patterns at 248 nm with a stepper having a numerical aperture (NA)= 0.53, and have resolved {<=} 0.15 {mu}m line and spaces at 13.5 nm.

Wheeler, D.; Scharrer, E.; Kubiak, G. [and others

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

223

A measurement of the neutral current neutrino-nucleon elastic cross section at MiniBooNE  

SciTech Connect

The neutral current neutrino-nucleon elastic interaction {nu} N {yields} {nu} N is a fundamental process of the weak interaction ideally suited for characterizing the structure of the nucleon neutral weak current. This process comprises {approx}18% of neutrino events in the neutrino oscillation experiment, MiniBooNE, ranking it as the experiment's third largest process. Using {approx}10% of MiniBooNE's available neutrino data, a sample of these events were identified and analyzed to determine the differential cross section as a function of the momentum transfer of the interaction, Q{sup 2}. This is the first measurement of a differential cross section with MiniBooNE data. From this analysis, a value for the nucleon axial mass M{sub A} was extracted to be 1.34 {+-} 0.25 GeV consistent with previous measurements. The integrated cross section for the Q{sup 2} range 0.189 {yields} 1.13 GeV{sup 2} was calculated to be (8.8 {+-} 0.6(stat) {+-} 0.2(syst)) x 10{sup -40} cm{sup 2}.

Cox, David Christopher; /Indiana U.

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) compliance at Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico (SNL/NM)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report on National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) compliance at Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico (SNL/NM) chronicles past and current compliance activities and includes a recommended strategy that can be implemented for continued improvement. This report provides a list of important references. Attachment 1 contains the table of contents for SAND95-1648, National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Compliance Guide Sandia National Laboratories (Hansen, 1995). Attachment 2 contains a list of published environmental assessments (EAs) and environmental impact statements (EISs) prepared by SNL/NM. Attachment 3 contains abstracts of NEPA compliance papers authored by SNL/NM and its contractors.

Wolff, T.A. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Community Involvement and Issues Management Dept.; Hansen, R.P. [Hansen Environmental Consultants, Englewood, CO (United States)

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Determination of the {sup 22}Ne{sub nucl}/{sup 4}He{sub rad} ratio in natural uranium-rich fluorite by mass spectrometry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A determination by noble gas mass spectrometry of {sup 22}Ne production through the combined reactions {sup 19}F({alpha},n){sup 22}Na({beta}{sup +}){sup 22}Ne and {sup 19}F({alpha},p){sup 22}Ne on natural calcium fluoride is made for the first time. Six samples of U-rich fluorite from a fluorspar deposit in Mexico were used to determine the {sup 22}Ne{sub nucl}/{sup 4}He{sub rad} ratio generated by the spontaneous decay of U during the last 32 Ma. The obtained ratio (1.33 {+-} 0.11) x10{sup -5} (95% confidence), is compared to other experimental data on natural uranium oxides and theoretical values.

Sole, Jesus; Pi, Teresa [Instituto de Geologia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Cd. Universitaria, Coyoacan, 04510 Mexico D.F. (Mexico)

2006-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

226

Carbon nanotube assisted formation of sub-50 nm polymeric nano-structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A novel processing method was developed for sub-50 nm structures by integrating quantum dots (QDs) on patterned polymer substrates. Poly(styrene-alt-maleic anhydride) (PSMa) was prepared by the initiated chemical vapor ...

Lee, Chia-Hua

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Single Event Mechanisms in 90 nm Triple-well CMOS Devices.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Triple-well NMOSFETs collect more charge as compared to dual-well NMOSFETs. Single event charge collection mechanisms in 90 nm triple-well NMOS devices are explained and compared (more)

Roy, Tania

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Museum LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Sept. 5, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

lab director to link science education, national security in TEDxABQ talk September 5, 2013 Watch live stream at home or at Bradbury Science Museum LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Sept. 5,...

229

HSQ double patterning process for 12 nm resolution x-ray zone plates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

source is focused by a condenser zone plate (CZP) onto thethe outer region of a 30 nm gold condenser zone plate (CZP).The condenser has 40820 zones and a diameter of 9.8 mm. The

Chao, Weilun

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Airborne Doppler Lidar Investigation of Sea Surface Reflectance at a 355-nm Ultraviolet Wavelength  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The analysis of the sea surface reflectance for different incidence angles based on observations of an airborne Doppler lidar at an ultraviolet wavelength of 355 nm is described. The results were compared to sea surface reflectance models, ...

Zhigang Li; Christian Lemmerz; Ulrike Paffrath; Oliver Reitebuch; Benjamin Witschas

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

LOS ALAMOS, N.M., August 7, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lab's Frontiers in Science lectures focus on epigenetics August 7, 2013 Is behavior hardwired by DNA or a product of environment? LOS ALAMOS, N.M., August 7, 2013-Los Alamos...

232

Effects of 810-nm Laser on Murine Bone-Marrow-Derived Dendritic Cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Objective: The purpose of this study was to Investigate the effect of 810-nm low level laser therapy (LLLT) on dendritic cells (DC) in vitro. Background data: LLLT can enhance wound healing and increase cell proliferation ...

Chen, Aaron Chih-Hao

233

A Simple All Weather Model to Estimate Ultraviolet Solar Radiation (290385 nm)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new expression to estimate the solar ultraviolet irradiance from parameters usually available in radiometric networks is presented. The authors have analyzed the relation between solar ultraviolet global irradiance (290385 nm), UV, and ...

I. Foyo-Moreno; J. Vida; L. Alados-Arboledas

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

NOIlVUlSININdV NOIlVWdOdNI AOd3N3 ACTO3NH  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

NOIlVUlSININdV NOIlVWdOdNI AOd3N3 NOIlVUlSININdV NOIlVWdOdNI AOd3N3 ACTO3NH 0661 This publication may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office. Purchasing in formation for this or other Energy Information Administration (EIA) publications may be obtained from the Government Printing Office or ElA's National Energy Information Center. Questions on energy statistics should be directed to the Center by mail, telephone, or telecommunications device for the hearing impaired. Addresses, telephone numbers, and hours are as follows: National Energy Information Center Energy Information Administration Forrestal Building, Room 1F-048 Washington, DC 20585 (202) 586-8800 Telecommunications Device for the Hearing Impaired Only: (202) 586-1181 8 a.m. - 5 p.m., eastern time, M-F

235

HSQ double patterning process for 12 nm resolution x-ray zone plates  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Soft x-ray zone plate microscopy is a powerful nano-analytic technique used for a wide variety of scientific and technological studies. Pushing its spatial resolution to 10 nm and below is highly desired and feasible due to the short wavelength of soft x-rays. Instruments using Fresnel zone plate lenses achieve a spatial resolution approximately equal to the smallest, outer most zone width. We developed a double patterning zone plate fabrication process based on a high-resolution resist, hydrogen silsesquioxane (HSQ), to bypass the limitations of conventional single exposure fabrication to pattern density, such as finite beam size, scattering in resist and modest intrinsic resist contrast. To fabricate HSQ structures with zone widths in the order of 10 nm on gold plating base, a surface conditioning process with (3-mercaptopropyl) trimethoxysilane, 3-MPT, is used, which forms a homogeneous hydroxylation surface on gold surface and provides good anchoring for the desired HSQ structures. Using the new HSQ double patterning process, coupled with an internally developed, sub-pixel alignment algorithm, we have successfully fabricated in-house gold zone plates of 12 nm outer zones. Promising results for 10 nm zone plates have also been obtained. With the 12 nm zone plates, we have achieved a resolution of 12 nm using the full-field soft x-ray microscope, XM-1.

Chao, Weilun; Kim, Jihoon; Rekawa, Senajith; Fischer, Peter; Anderson, Erik H.

2009-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

236

Characterization of an asynchronous source of heralded single photons generated at a wavelength of 1550 nm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We make a thorough analysis of heralded single photon sources regarding how factors such as the detector gate-period, the photon rates, the fiber coupling efficiencies, and the system losses affect the performance of the source. In the course of this we give a detailed description of how to determine fiber coupling efficiencies from experimentally measurable quantities. We show that asynchronous sources perform, under most conditions, better than synchronous sources with respect to multiphoton events, but only for nearly perfect coupling efficiencies. We apply the theory to an asynchronous source of heralded single photons based on spontaneous parametric downconversion in a periodically poled, bulk, KTiOPO4 crystal. The source generates light with highly non-degenerate wavelengths of 810 nm and 1550 nm, where the 810 nm photons are used to announce the presence of the 1550 nm photons inside a single-mode optical fiber. For our setup we find the probability of having a 1550 nm photon present in the single-mode fiber, as announced by the 810 nm photon, to be 48%. The probability of multiphoton events is strongly suppressed compared to a Poissonian light source, giving highly sub-Poisson photon statistics.

Maria Tengner; Daniel Ljunggren

2007-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

237

A model of the gas-phase chemistry of boron nitride CVC from BCl{sub 3} and NH{sub 3}  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The kinetics of gas-phase reactions occurring during the CVD of boron nitride (BN) from BCl{sub 3} and NH{sub 3} are investigated using an elementary reaction mechanism whose rate constants were obtained from theoretical predictions and literature sources. Plug-flow calculations using this mechanism predict that unimolecular decomposition of BCl{sub 3} is not significant under typical CVD conditions, but that some NH{sub 3} decomposition may occur, especially for deposition occurring at atmospheric pressure. Reaction of BCl{sub 3} with NH{sub 3} is rapid under CVD conditions and yields species containing both boron and nitrogen. One of these compounds, Cl{sub 2}BNH{sub 2}, is predicted to be a key gas-phase precursor to BN.

Allendorf, M.D.; Melius, C.F.; Osterheld, T.H.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

FLUORESCENCE EXCITATION MODELS OF AMMONIA AND AMIDOGEN RADICAL (NH{sub 2}) IN COMETS: APPLICATION TO COMET C/2004 Q2 (MACHHOLZ)  

SciTech Connect

Ammonia is a major reservoir of nitrogen atoms in cometary materials. However, detections of ammonia in comets are rare, with several achieved at radio wavelengths. A few more detections were obtained through near-infrared observations (around the 3 {mu}m wavelength region), but moderate relative velocity shifts are required to separate emission lines of cometary ammonia from telluric absorption lines in the 3 {mu}m wavelength region. On the other hand, the amidogen radical (NH{sub 2}-a photodissociation product of ammonia in the coma) also shows rovibrational emission lines in the 3 {mu}m wavelength region. Thus, gas production rates for ammonia can be determined from the rovibrational emission lines of ammonia (directly) and amidogen radical (indirectly) simultaneously in the near-infrared. In this article, we present new fluorescence excitation models for cometary ammonia and amidogen radical in the near-infrared, and we apply these models to the near-infrared high-dispersion spectra of comet C/2004 Q2 (Machholz) to determine the mixing ratio of ammonia to water in the comet. Based on direct detection of NH{sub 3} lines, the mixing ratio of NH{sub 3}/H{sub 2}O is 0.46% {+-} 0.03% in C/2004 Q2 (Machholz), in agreement with other results. The mixing ratio of ammonia determined from the NH{sub 2} observations (0.31%-0.79%) is consistent but has relatively larger error, owing to uncertainty in the photodissociation rates of ammonia. At the present level of accuracy, we confirm that NH{sub 3} could be the sole parent of NH{sub 2} in this comet.

Kawakita, Hideyo [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Kyoto Sangyo University, Motoyama, Kamigamo, Kita-ku, Kyoto 603-8555 (Japan); Mumma, Michael J., E-mail: kawakthd@cc.kyoto-su.ac.jp [Solar System Exploration Division, Mailstop 690.3, NASA Godard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Short-term recovery of NH4-15N applied to a temperate forest inceptisol and ultisol in east Tennessee USA  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The short-term fate and retention of ammonium (NH4)-{sup 15}nitrogen (N) applied to two types of forest soils in east Tennessee was investigated. Four ridgetop forests, predominantly oak (Quercus spp.), were studied. Five applications of NH{sub 4}-{sup 15}N tracer were made to the forest floor at 2- to 4-week intervals over a 14-week period in 2004. Nitrogen-15 recovery in the forest floor, fine roots (100 weeks) indicated the forest floor is an effective filter for atmospheric N inputs.

Garten Jr, Charles T [ORNL; Brice, Deanne Jane [ORNL; Todd Jr, Donald E [ORNL

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Measurement of the reaction O-17(?,n)Ne-20 and its impact on the s process in massive stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ratio between the rates of the reactions O-17(\\alpha,n)Ne-20 and O-17(\\alpha,\\gamma)Ne-21 determines whether O-16 is an efficient neutron poison for the s process in massive stars, or if most of the neutrons captured by O-16(n,\\gamma) are recycled into the stellar environment. This ratio is of particular relevance to constrain the s process yields of fast rotating massive stars at low metallicity. Recent results on the (\\alpha,\\gamma) channel have made it necessary to measure the (\\alpha,n) reaction more precisely and investigate the effect of the new data on s process nucleosynthesis in massive stars. We present a new measurement of the O-17(\\alpha, n) reaction using a moderating neutron detector. In addition, the (\\alpha, n_1) channel has been measured independently by observation of the characteristic 1633 keV \\gamma-transition in Ne-20. The reaction cross section was determined with a simultaneous R-matrix fit to both channels. (\\alpha,n) and (\\alpha, \\gamma) resonance strengths of states lying below the covered energy range were estimated using their known properties from the literature. A new O-17(\\alpha,n) reaction rate was deduced for the temperature range 0.1 GK to 10 GK. It was found that in He burning conditions the (\\alpha,\\gamma) channel is strong enough to compete with the neutron channel. This leads to a less efficient neutron recycling compared to a previous suggestion of a very weak (\\alpha,\\gamma) channel. S process calculations using our rates confirm that massive rotating stars do play a significant role in the production of elements up to Sr, but they strongly reduce the s process contribution to heavier elements.

A. Best; M. Beard; J. Grres; M. Couder; R. deBoer; S. Falahat; R. T. Gray; A. Kontos; K. -L. Kratz; P. J. LeBlanc; Q. Li; S. O'Brien; N. zkan; M. Pignatari; K. Sonnabend; R. Talwar; W. Tan; E. Uberseder; M. Wiescher

2013-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ne nh nm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

4.1.2 NANO FOUNTAIN PROBE WITH 40 NM WRITING RESOLUTION K.-H. Kim, N. Moldovan, H. D. Espinosa; "A Novel Nano Fountain Probe with sub-100 nm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

4.1.2 NANO FOUNTAIN PROBE WITH 40 NM WRITING RESOLUTION K.-H. Kim, N. Moldovan, H. D. Espinosa; "A Novel Nano Fountain Probe with sub-100 nm Molecular Writing Resolution", Small, 2005, ASAP. Patent the first "nano-fountain pen" capable of depositing organic ink molecules in patterns as small as 40 nm

Shull, Kenneth R.

242

New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution Print New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution Print Analytical tools that combine spatial resolution with elemental and chemical identification at the nanometer scale along with large penetration depth are indispensable for the life and physical sciences. The XM-1 soft x-ray microscope at the ALS produces images that not only reveal structures but can identify their chemical elements and measure magnetic and other properties as well. Now a new method for creating optical devices with nanoscale accuracy has allowed researchers in Berkeley Lab's Center for X-Ray Optics (CXRO), which built and operates the XM-1, to achieve an extraordinary resolution of better than 15 nm, with the promise of even higher resolution in the near future.

243

DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0111-DNA | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NM-L000-2012-0111-DNA NM-L000-2012-0111-DNA Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home NEPA Document Collection for: DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0111-DNA DNA at Lightning Dock Geothermal Area for Geothermal/Exploration, {{{NEPA_Name}}} General NEPA Document Info Energy Sector Geothermal energy Environmental Analysis Type DNA Applicant Lightning Dock Geothermal Inc Geothermal Area Lightning Dock Geothermal Area Project Location New Mexico Project Phase Geothermal/Exploration Techniques Drilling Techniques Time Frame (days) Participating Agencies Lead Agency BLM Funding Agency none provided Managing District Office BLM Las Cruces District Office Managing Field Office none provided Funding Agencies none provided Surface Manager none provided Mineral Manager BLM Selected Dates

244

New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution Print New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution Print Analytical tools that combine spatial resolution with elemental and chemical identification at the nanometer scale along with large penetration depth are indispensable for the life and physical sciences. The XM-1 soft x-ray microscope at the ALS produces images that not only reveal structures but can identify their chemical elements and measure magnetic and other properties as well. Now a new method for creating optical devices with nanoscale accuracy has allowed researchers in Berkeley Lab's Center for X-Ray Optics (CXRO), which built and operates the XM-1, to achieve an extraordinary resolution of better than 15 nm, with the promise of even higher resolution in the near future.

245

New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution Print Wednesday, 31 August 2005 00:00 Analytical tools that combine spatial resolution with elemental and chemical identification at the nanometer scale along with large penetration depth are indispensable for the life and physical sciences. The XM-1 soft x-ray microscope at the ALS produces images that not only reveal structures but can identify their chemical elements and measure magnetic and other properties as well. Now a new method for creating optical devices with nanoscale accuracy has allowed researchers in Berkeley Lab's Center for X-Ray Optics (CXRO), which built and operates the XM-1, to achieve an extraordinary resolution of better than 15 nm, with the promise of even higher resolution in the near future.

246

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Project Gas Buggy Site - NM 14  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Gas Buggy Site - NM 14 Gas Buggy Site - NM 14 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Project Gas Buggy Site (NM.14 ) Designated Name: Alternate Name: Location: Evaluation Year: Site Operations: Site Disposition: Radioactive Materials Handled: Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Radiological Survey(s): Site Status: Also see Gasbuggy, New Mexico, Site Nevada Test Site History Documents Related to Project Gas Buggy Site Fact Sheet Gasbuggy, New Mexico The Gasbuggy Site is located in northwestern New Mexico in Rio Arriba County approximately 55 miles east of the city of Farmington and approximately 12 miles southwest of Dulce, New Mexico, in the Carson National Forest. Floodplains and Wetlands Survey Results for the Gasbuggy and Gnome-Coach Sites, New Mexico, December 1993.

247

DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0218-DNA | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0218-DNA DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0218-DNA Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home NEPA Document Collection for: DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0218-DNA DNA at Lightning Dock Geothermal Area for Geothermal/Exploration {{{NEPA_Name}}} General NEPA Document Info Energy Sector Geothermal energy Environmental Analysis Type DNA Applicant Lightning Dock Geothermal Inc Geothermal Area Lightning Dock Geothermal Area Project Location New Mexico Project Phase Geothermal/Exploration Techniques Well Testing Techniques Time Frame (days) Participating Agencies Lead Agency BLM Funding Agency none provided Managing District Office BLM Las Cruces District Office Managing Field Office none provided Funding Agencies none provided Surface Manager none provided Mineral Manager BLM

248

New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution Print New Zone Plate for Soft X-Ray Microscopy at 15-nm Spatial Resolution Print Analytical tools that combine spatial resolution with elemental and chemical identification at the nanometer scale along with large penetration depth are indispensable for the life and physical sciences. The XM-1 soft x-ray microscope at the ALS produces images that not only reveal structures but can identify their chemical elements and measure magnetic and other properties as well. Now a new method for creating optical devices with nanoscale accuracy has allowed researchers in Berkeley Lab's Center for X-Ray Optics (CXRO), which built and operates the XM-1, to achieve an extraordinary resolution of better than 15 nm, with the promise of even higher resolution in the near future.

249

DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0200-DNA | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0200-DNA DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0200-DNA Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home NEPA Document Collection for: DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0200-DNA DNA at Lightning Dock Geothermal Area for Geothermal/Well Field, {{{NEPA_Name}}} General NEPA Document Info Energy Sector Geothermal energy Environmental Analysis Type DNA Applicant Lightning Dock Geothermal Inc Geothermal Area Lightning Dock Geothermal Area Project Location New Mexico Project Phase Geothermal/Well Field Techniques Drilling Techniques Time Frame (days) Participating Agencies Lead Agency BLM Funding Agency none provided Managing District Office BLM Las Cruces District Office Managing Field Office none provided Funding Agencies none provided Surface Manager none provided Mineral Manager BLM

250

A 4 to 0.1 nm FEL Based on the SLAC Linac  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The author show that using existing electron gun technology and a high energy linac like the one at SLAC, it is possible to build a Free Electron Laser operating around the 4 nm water window. A modest improvement in the gun performance would further allow to extend the FEL to the 0.1 nm region. Such a system would produce radiation with a brightness many order of magnitude above that of any synchrotron radiation source, existing or under construction, with laser power in the multigawatt region and subpicosecond pulse length.

Pellegrini, C.; /UCLA

2012-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

251

A Measurement of the muon neutrino charged current quasielastic interaction and a test of Lorentz violation with the MiniBooNE experiment  

SciTech Connect

The Mini-Booster neutrino experiment (MiniBooNE) at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab) is designed to search for {nu}{sub {mu}} {yields} {nu}{sub e} appearance neutrino oscillations. Muon neutrino charged-current quasi-elastic (CCQE) interactions ({nu}{sub {mu}} + n {yields} {mu} + p) make up roughly 40% of our data sample, and it is used to constrain the background and cross sections for the oscillation analysis. Using high-statistics MiniBooNE CCQE data, the muon-neutrino CCQE cross section is measured. The nuclear model is tuned precisely using the MiniBooNE data. The measured total cross section is {sigma} = (1.058 {+-} 0.003 (stat) {+-} 0.111 (syst)) x 10{sup -38} cm{sup 2} at the MiniBooNE muon neutrino beam energy (700-800 MeV). {nu}{sub e} appearance candidate data is also used to search for Lorentz violation. Lorentz symmetry is one of the most fundamental symmetries in modern physics. Neutrino oscillations offer a new method to test it. We found that the MiniBooNE result is not well-described using Lorentz violation, however further investigation is required for a more conclusive result.

Katori, Teppei; /Indiana U.

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

The Uncertainties in the 22Ne + alpha-capture Reaction Rates and the Production of the Heavy Magnesium Isotopes in Asymptotic Giant Branch Stars of Intermediate Mass  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present new rates for the 22Ne(alpha, n)25Mg and 22Ne(alpha,gamma)26Mg reactions, with uncertainties that have been considerably reduced compared to previous estimates, and we study how these new rates affect the production of the heavy magnesium isotopes in models of intermediate mass Asymptotic Giant Branch (AGB) stars of different initial compositions. All the models have deep third dredge-up, hot bottom burning and mass loss. Calculations have been performed using the two most commonly used estimates of the 22Ne + alpha rates as well as the new recommended rates, and with combinations of their upper and lower limits. The main result of the present study is that with the new rates, uncertainties on the production of isotopes from Mg to P coming from the 22Ne + alpha-capture rates have been considerably reduced. We have therefore removed one of the important sources of uncertainty to effect models of AGB stars. We have studied the effects of varying the mass-loss rate on nucleosynthesis and discuss other uncertainties related to the physics employed in the computation of stellar structure, such as the modeling of convection, the inclusion of a partial mixing zone and the definition of convective borders. These uncertainties are found to be much larger than those coming from 22Ne + alpha-capture rates, when using our new estimates. Much effort is needed to improve the situation for AGB models.

A. Karakas; M. Lugaro; M. Wiescher; J. Goerres; C. Ugalde

2006-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

253

Measuring the speed of light using beating longitudinal modes in an open-cavity HeNe laser  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe an undergraduate laboratory that combines an accurate measurement of the speed of light, a fundamental investigation of a basic laser system, and a nontrivial use of statistical analysis. Students grapple with the existence of longitudinal modes in a laser cavity as they change the cavity length of an adjustable-cavity HeNe laser and tune the cavity to produce lasing in the TEM$_{00}$ mode. For appropriate laser cavity lengths, the laser gain curve of a HeNe laser allows simultaneous operation of multiple longitudinal modes. The difference frequency between the modes is measured using a self-heterodyne detection with a diode photodetector and a radio frequency spectrum analyzer. Asymmetric effects due to frequency pushing and frequency pulling, as well as transverse modes, are minimized by simultaneously monitoring and adjusting the mode structure as viewed with a Fabry-Perot interferometer. The frequency spacing of longitudinal modes is proportional to the inverse of the cavity length with a prop...

D'Orazio, Daniel J; Schultz, Justin T; Sidor, Daniel; Best, Micheal; Goodfellow, Kenneth; Scholten, Robert E; White, James D; 10.1119/1.3299281

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Analysis of electromigration induced early failures in Cu interconnects for 45nm node  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bi-directional current stressing was used for monitoring electromigration (EM) lifetime evolution in 45nm node interconnects. Experimental results show that an initial bimodal distribution of lifetimes can be modified into a more robust mono-modal distribution. ... Keywords: Bi-directional current, Cu interconnects, Electromigration, FEM modeling

L. Arnaud; F. Cacho; L. Doyen; F. Terrier; D. Galpin; C. Monget

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Direct Total Cross Section Measurement of the 16O(?,?)20Ne Reaction at Ec.m. = 2.26 MeV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In stellar helium burning, (16)O represents the endpoint of the helium-burning sequence due to the low rate of (16)O(alpha,gamma)(20)Ne. We present a new direct measurement of the total capture reaction rate of (16)O(alpha,gamma)(20)Ne at E(c.m.) = 2.26MeV employing the DRAGON recoil separator. For the first time, the total S factor and its contributing direct capture transitions could be determined in one experiment.

Hager, Ulrike; Brown, James R.; Buchmann, Lothar R.; Carmona-Gallardo, Mariano; Erikson, Luke E.; Fallis, Jennifer S.; Greife, Uwe; Hutcheon, Dave; Ottewell, Dave; Ruiz, Chris; Sjue, Sky; Vockenhuber, Cristof

2011-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

256

35 COFibE, Series A. U. S. ATOXIC ENERGY CCMMISSION r'C Cj NE# YORK OPERATIONS OFFICE  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

COFibE, Series A. COFibE, Series A. - U. S. ATOXIC ENERGY CCMMISSION r'C Cj NE# YORK OPERATIONS OFFICE HEkLTH AND SAFETY DIVISION (Merril Eicsnbud, Dirsator) MONTHLY REPORT OF FIELD ACTIVITIES (This report%v,rs%~~~nth period) Indusorial Ii~iene Branoh m a . . 0 . . c . . . o W. B. Harris, Chief Radiation Branch . y y e 0e . e . e . . . . e . . . Hanson Blatz, Chief Fi:e and Accident Branch D e a o o . . . ..s . . B. J. Kehoe, Chief Medical Advioer, Dr. J. A. Quiglsy Siometrician, Dr. A. E. Brandt TABLF OF COEpTmS PRODUCTION COWTRACTORS ._ Feed Nabrlals Production Centor '$iiddlcsexSampling Plnnt Harshaw ChuoicalCompa~ Wlin&rodt Chen!icrl Works tie. Ontario Storage Area b Vit*o Mnufacturing CompaW B4ikhem Steel F'lrnt - IpcknuMnr Clifton Roducts CompvIy Drush Bcx@.Uun~ Company - Luckcy

257

REP&V TO ATTNJF: NE-23 SUWECC Commercial Facilities Used by National Lead Company of Ohio in Support  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

REP&V TO REP&V TO ATTNJF: NE-23 SUWECC Commercial Facilities Used by National Lead Company of Ohio in Support 'of FMPC Operations TO: Robert E. Lynch Procuresnent and CorXracts Division, AD-42 Oak Ridge Operations Office The Division of Facility and Site Decormnissioning Projects (DFSP) is responsible for managing the Department's Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP). The purposes of FUSRAP are (1) to identify facilities formerly operated for or by the Manhattan Engineer District (NED) and Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) which may have been radioactively contaminated as a result of these operations, (2) to determine if the facilities require remedial action, and (3) where DOE has authority, to conduct the remedial action. Authority for remedial action under FUSRAP is

258

REP&V TO ATTNOF: NE-23 SUBJECT: Commercial Facilities Used by National Lead Company of Ohio in Support  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

x:Y" x:Y" . .' 3023 I\ \ 'a' '. Unita? -&&s Coverament , ,Q,.l. ),&, ,(>.. Department of Energy riGmorandum / d6a 2/. $3 DATE: JL(L 2 8 ;;$5 co. /3 .-J/ co,/3 REP&V TO ATTNOF: NE-23 SUBJECT: Commercial Facilities Used by National Lead Company of Ohio in Support of FMPC Operations TO: Robert E. Lynch Procuremnent and Contracts Division, AD-42 Oak Ridge Operations Office The Division of Facility and Site Decommissioning Projects (DFSD) is responsible for managing the Department's Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FuSRAP). The purposes of FUSRAP are (1) to identify facilities formerly operated for or by the Manhattan Engineer District (NED) and Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) which may have been radioactively contaminated as a result of these operations, (2) to determine if the

259

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Blue Water AEC Ore Buying Station - NM  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Blue Water AEC Ore Buying Station - Blue Water AEC Ore Buying Station - NM 0-02 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Blue Water AEC Ore Buying Station (NM.0-02 ) Designated Name: Alternate Name: Location: Evaluation Year: Site Operations: Site Disposition: Radioactive Materials Handled: Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Radiological Survey(s): Site Status: The history of domestic uranium procurement under U.S. Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) contracts identifies a number of ore buying stations (sampling and storage sites) that were operated during the period late-1949 through the mid-1960s. During this period the AEC established ore-buying stations in new uranium producing areas where it appeared that ore production would be sufficient to support a uranium milling operation. The

260

A InGaN/GaN quantum dot green ({lambda}=524 nm) laser  

SciTech Connect

The characteristics of self-organized InGaN/GaN quantum dot lasers are reported. The laser heterostructures were grown on c-plane GaN substrates by plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy and the laser facets were formed by focused ion beam etching with gallium. Emission above threshold is characterized by a peak at 524 nm (green) and linewidth of 0.7 nm. The lowest measured threshold current density is 1.2 kA/cm{sup 2} at 278 K. The slope and wall plug efficiencies are 0.74 W/A and {approx}1.1%, respectively, at 1.3 kA/cm{sup 2}. The value of T{sub 0}=233 K in the temperature range of 260-300 K.

Zhang Meng; Banerjee, Animesh; Lee, Chi-Sen; Hinckley, John M.; Bhattacharya, Pallab [Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Center for Nanoscale Photonics and Spintronics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2122 (United States)

2011-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ne nh nm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

File:USDA-CE-Production-GIFmaps-NM.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NM.pdf NM.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage New Mexico Ethanol Plant Locations Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 249 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Description New Mexico Ethanol Plant Locations Sources United States Department of Agriculture Related Technologies Biomass, Biofuels, Ethanol Creation Date 2010-01-19 Extent State Countries United States UN Region Northern America States New Mexico External links http://www.nass.usda.gov/Charts_and_Maps/Ethanol_Plants/ File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 16:18, 27 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 16:18, 27 December 2010 1,650 × 1,275 (249 KB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated bot upload

262

Radiation-induced transient attenuation of optical fibers at 800 and 1300 nm  

SciTech Connect

Radiation-induced absorption in optical fibers has been a subject of considerable interest throughout the world. As availability and applications of fibers have evolved from ''first window'' systems operating near 850 nm to ''second window'' systems near 1300 nm, interest in wavelength dependence of radiation effects in optical fibers has similarly evolved. The present work summarizes second-window, radiation-induced transient absorption measurements in optical fibers for times shorter than 5 ..mu..s. Comparisons to first window data for these fibers are also presented. Only high purity silica fibers with low-OH concentrations were used in the present study to avoid the large OH absorption band in this region. This paper also collects first window data on several high-OH optical fibers.

Looney, L.D.; Lyons, P.B.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Development of mirror manipulator for hard-x-ray nanofocusing at sub-50-nm level  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

X-ray focusing using Kirkpatrick-Baez (KB) mirrors is promising owing to their capability of highly efficient and energy-tunable focusing. We report the development of a mirror manipulator which enables KB mirror alignment with a high degree of accuracy. Mirror alignment tolerances were estimated using two types of simulators. On the basis of the simulation results, the mirror manipulator was developed to achieve an optimum KB mirror setup. As a result of focusing tests at BL29XUL of SPring-8, the beam size of 48x36 nm{sup 2} (VxH) was achieved in the full width at half maximum at an x-ray energy of 15 keV. Spatial resolution tests showed that a scanning x-ray microscope equipped with the KB focusing system could resolve line-and-space patterns of 80 nm linewidth in a high visibility of 60%.

Matsuyama, S.; Mimura, H.; Yumoto, H.; Hara, H.; Yamamura, K.; Sano, Y.; Endo, K.; Mori, Y.; Yabashi, M.; Nishino, Y.; Tamasaku, K.; Ishikawa, T.; Yamauchi, K. [Department of Precision Science and Technology, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamada-oka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan); Research Center for Ultra-Precision Science and Technology, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamada-oka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan); Department of Precision Science and Technology, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamada-oka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan); Research Center for Ultra-Precision Science and Technology, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamada-oka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan); SPring-8/Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute (JASRI), 1-1-1 Kouto, Mikazuki, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); SPring-8/RIKEN, 1-1-1 Kouto, Mikazuki, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); Department of Precision Science and Technology, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamada-oka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan)

2006-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

264

Using the X-FEL to photo-pump X-ray laser transitions in He-like Ne  

SciTech Connect

Nearly four decades ago H-like and He-like resonantly photo-pumped laser schemes were proposed for producing X-ray lasers. However, demonstrating these schemes in the laboratory has proved to be elusive because of the difficulty of finding a strong resonant pump line. With the advent of the X-ray free electron laser (X-FEL) at the SLAC Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) we now have a tunable X-ray laser source that can be used to replace the pump line in previously proposed laser schemes and allow researchers to study the physics and feasibility of resonantly photo-pumped laser schemes. In this paper we use the X-FEL at 1174 eV to photo-pump the singly excited 1s2p state of He-like Ne to the doubly excited 2p3p state and model gain on the 2p3p-2p2s transition at 175 eV and the 2p3p-1s3p transition at 1017 eV. One motivation for studying this scheme is to explore possible quenching of the gain due to strong non-linear coupling effects from the intense X-FEL beam We compare this scheme with photo-pumping the He-like Ne ground state to the 1s3p singly excited state followed by lasing on the 3p-2s and 3d-2p transitions at 158 and 151 eV. Experiments are being planned at LCLS to study these laser processes and coherent quantum effects.

Nilsen, J; Rohringer, N

2011-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

265

Effects of amines on formation of sub-3 nm particles and their subsequent growth  

SciTech Connect

Field observations and quantum chemical calculations suggest that amines can be important for formation of nanometer size particles. Amines and ammonia often have common atmospheric emission sources and the similar chemical and physical properties. While the effects of ammonia on aerosol nucleation have been previously investigated, laboratory studies of homogeneous nucleation involving amines are lacking. We have made kinetics studies of multicomponent nucleation (MCN) with sulfuric acid, water, ammonia and amines under conditions relevant to the atmosphere. Low concentrations of aerosol precursors were measured with chemical ionization mass spectrometers (CIMS) to provide constrained precursor concentrations needed for nucleation. Particle sizes larger than {approx}2 nm were measured with a nano-differential mobility analyzer (nano-DMA), and number concentrations of particles larger than {approx}1 nm were measured with a particle size magnifier (PSM). Our observations provide the laboratory evidence that amines indeed can participate in aerosol nucleation and growth at the molecular cluster level. The enhancement of particle number concentrations due to several atmospherically relevant amine compounds and ammonia were related to the basicity of these compounds, indicating that acid-base reactions may contribute to the formation of sub-3 nm particles.

Yu H.; McGraw R.; Lee S.-H.

2012-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

266

Xenon ion laser-induced fluorescence using a visible tunable diode laser near 680 nm  

SciTech Connect

Laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) measurements have been performed for the first time in a low temperature (T{sub e}{approx_equal}0.6 eV) Xe plasma using a tunable diode laser in the visible range of wavelengths. The transition in Xe II involved the ({sup 3}P{sub 1})5d[3]{sub 7/2} metastable state and the excitation wavelength was found to be 680.570{+-}0.001 nm (air). LIF measurements of I{sub 2} in a room temperature iodine gas cell were used to monitor the wavelength of the laser during the measurements.

Severn, Greg; Lee, Dongsoo; Hershkowitz, Noah [Department of Physics, University of San Diego, San Diego, California 92110 (United States); Department of Engineering Physics, University of Wisconsin at Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States)

2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

267

Light trapping in a 30-nm organic photovoltaic cell for efficient carrier collection and light absorption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe surface patterning strategies that permit high photon-collection efficiency together with high carrier-collection efficiency in an ultra-thin planar heterojunction organic photovoltaic cell. Optimized designs reach up to 50% photon collection efficiency in a P3HT layer of only 30 nm, representing a 3- to 5-fold improvement over an unpatterned cell of the same thickness. We compare the enhancement of light confinement in the active layer with an ITO top layer for TE and TM polarized light, and demonstrate that the light absorption can increase by a factor of 2 due to a gap-plasmon mode in the active layer.

Tsai, Cheng-Chia; Banerjee, Ashish; Osgood, Richard M; Englund, Dirk

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Direct Patterning of CdSe Quantum Dots into Sub-100 nm Structures  

SciTech Connect

Ordered, two-dimensional cadmium selenide (CdSe) arrays have been fabricated on indium-doped tin oxide (ITO) electrodes using the pattern replication in nonwetting templates (PRINT) process. CdSe quantum dots (QDs) with an average diameter of 2.7 nm and a pyridine surface ligand were used for patterning. The PRINT technique utilizes a perfluoropolyether (PFPE) elastomeric mold that is tolerant of most organic solvents, thus allowing solutions of CdSe QDs in 4-picoline to be used for patterning without significant deformation of the mold. Nanometer-scale diffraction gratings have been successfully replicated with CdSe QDs.

Hampton, Meredith J.; Templeton, Joseph L.; DeSimone, Joseph M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

ARR/18th SOFE Presentation, Albuquerque, NM, October 1999 SiC/SiC Composite for an  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ARR/18th SOFE Presentation, Albuquerque, NM, October 1999 SiC/SiC Composite for an Advanced Fusion, Albuquerque, NM, October 1999 Background · The use of SiC/SiC composite as structural material in a fusion of a SiC/SiC based blanket for high performance blanket design - High temperature operation - Use latest

Raffray, A. René

270

Study on the oxidation and reduction of tungsten surface for sub-50 nm patterning process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The oxidation characteristics of tungsten line pattern during the carbon-based mask-layer removal process using oxygen plasmas have been investigated for sub-50 nm patterning processes, in addition to the reduction characteristics of the WO{sub x} layer formed on the tungsten line surface using hydrogen plasmas. The surface oxidation of tungsten lines during the mask layer removal process could be minimized by using low-temperature (300 K) plasma processing for the removal of the carbon-based material. Using this technique, the thickness of WO{sub x} on the tungsten line could be decreased to 25% compared to results from high-temperature processing. The WO{sub x} layer could also be completely removed at a low temperature of 300 K using a hydrogen plasma by supplying bias power to the tungsten substrate to provide a activation energy for the reduction. When this oxidation and reduction technique was applied to actual 40-nm-CD device processing, the complete removal of WO{sub x} formed on the sidewall of tungsten line could be observed.

Kim, Jong Kyu; Nam, Seok Woo; Cho, Sung Il; Jhon, Myung S.; Min, Kyung Suk; Kim, Chan Kyu; Jung, Ho Bum; Yeom, Geun Young [Memory Division Semiconductor Business, Samsung Electronics, San No. 16 Banwol-Ri, Taean-Eup, Hwasung-City, Gyeonggi-Do 449-711, South Korea and Department of Advanced Materials Science and Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon, Gyeonggi-do 440-746 (Korea, Republic of); Memory Division Semiconductor Business, Samsung Electronics, San No. 16 Banwol-Ri, Taean-Eup, Hwasung-City, Gyeonggi-Do 449-711 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Chemical Engineering and Data Storage Systems Center, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States); Department of Advanced Materials Science and Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon, Gyeonggi-do 440-746 (Korea, Republic of)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

271

PETROPHYSICAL INVESTIGATION OF THE SECONDARY RECOVERY POTENTIAL IN THE CHERRY CANYON FORMATION NE LEA FIELD LEA COUNTY, NEW MEXICO  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Read and Stevens has proposed the evaluation of the waterflood potential from the Cherry Canyon formation in the NE Lea Field in lea County, New Mexico. Much of the development in this area is approaching primary recovery limitations; additional recovery of remaining oil reserves by waterflood needs to be evaluated. The Cherry Canyon formation is composed of fine grained sandstone, containing clay material which results in high water saturation, and also has the tendency to swell and reduce reservoir permeability--the ability of fluid to flow through the rock pores and fractures. There are also abundant organic materials that interfere with obtaining reliable well logs. These complications have limited oil in place calculations and identification of net pay zones, presenting a challenge to the planned waterflood. Core analysis of the Cherry Canyon should improve the understanding of existing well logs and possibly indicate secondary recovery measures, such as waterflood, to enhance field recovery. Lacking truly representative core to provide accurate analyses, Read and Stevens will obtain and preserve fresh core. The consulting firm of T. Scott Hickman and Associates will then collaborate on special core analyses and obtain additional well logs for a more detailed analysis of reservoir properties. The log interpretation will be compared to the core analysis results, and the entire collected data set will be used to assess the potential and economic viability of successfully waterflooding the identified oil zones. Successful results from the project will improve accuracy of log interpretation and establish a methodology for evaluating secondary recovery by waterflood.

T. Scott Hickman

2002-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Regulatory Safety Issues in the Structural Design Criteria of ASME Section III Subsection NH and for Very High Temperatures for VHTR & GEN IV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this task is to identify issues relevant to ASME Section III, Subsection NH [1], and related Code Cases that must be resolved for licensing purposes for VHTGRs (Very High Temperature Gas Reactor concepts such as those of PBMR, Areva, and GA); and to identify the material models, design criteria, and analysis methods that need to be added to the ASME Code to cover the unresolved safety issues. Subsection NH was originally developed to provide structural design criteria and limits for elevated-temperature design of Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor (LMFBR) systems and some gas-cooled systems. The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and its Advisory Committee for Reactor Safeguards (ACRS) reviewed the design limits and procedures in the process of reviewing the Clinch River Breeder Reactor (CRBR) for a construction permit in the late 1970s and early 1980s, and identified issues that needed resolution. In the years since then, the NRC and various contractors have evaluated the applicability of the ASME Code and Code Cases to high-temperature reactor designs such as the VHTGRs, and identified issues that need to be resolved to provide a regulatory basis for licensing. This Report describes: (1) NRC and ACRS safety concerns raised during the licensing process of CRBR , (2) how some of these issues are addressed by the current Subsection NH of the ASME Code; and (3) the material models, design criteria, and analysis methods that need to be added to the ASME Code and Code Cases to cover unresolved regulatory issues for very high temperature service.

William J. ODonnell; Donald S. Griffin

2007-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

273

Effects of gaseous NH{sub 3} and SO{sub 2} on the concentration profiles of PCDD/F in flyash under post-combustion zone conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Influence of NH{sub 3} and SO{sub 2} on 2378-PCDD/F in flyash and flue gases was investigated. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer NH{sub 3} decreased the concentration of PCDD and PCDF by 34-75% in the flyash. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer NH{sub 3} decreased the concentration of PCDD and PCDF by 21-40% from the flue gases. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer SO{sub 2} led to 99% PCDD and 93% PCDF reductions in the flyash. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer SO{sub 2} led to 89% PCDD and 76% PCDF reductions in the flue gases. - Abstract: The influence of gaseous ammonia and sulphur dioxide on the formation of 2378-substituted PCDD/F on a reference flyash from a municipal waste incinerator has been investigated using a laboratory scale fixed-bed reactor. The reference flyash samples (BCR-490) was reacted under a simulated flue gas stream at temperatures of 225 and 375 Degree-Sign C for 96 h. The experiments were carried out in two series: first with simulated flue gas alone, and then with injection of NH{sub 3} or SO{sub 2} gas into the flue gas just before the reactor inlet. It was found that the injection of gaseous ammonia into the flue gas could decrease the concentration of both PCDD and PCDF by 34-75% from the solid phase and by 21-40% from the gas phase. Converting the results to I-TEQ values, it could reduce the total I-TEQ values of PCDD and PCDF in the sum of the flyash and exhaust flue gas by 42-75% and 24-57% respectively. The application of SO{sub 2} led to 99% and 93% reductions in the PCDD and PCDF average congener concentrations, respectively in the solid phase. In the gas phase, the total reductions were 89% and 76% for PCDD and PCDF, respectively. Moreover, addition of SO{sub 2} reduced the total I-TEQ value of PCDD and PCDF in the flyash and exhaust flue gas together by 60-86% and 72-82% respectively. Sulphur dioxide was more effective than ammonia in suppressing PCDD/F formation in flyash under the conditions investigated.

Hajizadeh, Yaghoub; Onwudili, Jude A. [Energy Research Institute, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT (United Kingdom); Williams, Paul T., E-mail: p.t.williams@leeds.ac.uk [Energy Research Institute, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT (United Kingdom)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

274

Decomposition of NH3BH3 at sub-ambient pressures: A combined thermogravimetry-differential thermal analysis-mass spectrometry study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We report a systematic study of the isothermal decomposition of ammonia borane, NH3BH3, at 363 K as a function of argon pressure ranging between 50 and 1040 mbar using thermogravimetry and differential thermal analysis coupled with mass analysis of the volatile species. During thermal aging at 363 K, evolution of hydrogen, aminoborane and borazine is monitored, with the relative mass loss strongly depending on the pressure in the reaction chamber. Furthermore, the induction period required for hydrogen release at 363 K decreases with decreasing pressure.

Palumbo, Oriele; Paolone, Annalisa; Rispoli, Pasquale; Cantelli, Rosario; Autrey, Thomas

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

275

DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0046-CX | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

6-CX 6-CX Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home NEPA Document Collection for: DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0046-CX CX at Lightning Dock Geothermal Area for Geothermal/Exploration {{{NEPA_Name}}} General NEPA Document Info Energy Sector Geothermal energy Environmental Analysis Type CX Applicant Lightning Dock Geothermal Inc Geothermal Area Lightning Dock Geothermal Area Project Location New Mexico Project Phase Geothermal/Exploration Techniques Time Frame (days) Application Time 16 Participating Agencies Lead Agency BLM Funding Agency none provided Managing District Office BLM Las Cruces District Office Managing Field Office none provided Funding Agencies none provided Surface Manager none provided Mineral Manager BLM Selected Dates Application Date 1/4/2012

276

LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Oct. 31, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory scientist  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Matter, antimatter and surviving the big Matter, antimatter and surviving the big bang is topic of Lab's next Frontiers in Science lecture October 31, 2013 Talk begins at 7 p.m. and open to public LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Oct. 31, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory scientist Vincenzo Cirigliano asks the question, How did we survive the big bang? in a series of Frontiers in Science lectures beginning Monday, Nov. 4, in the Duane Smith Auditorium at Los Alamos High School. "Particles and antiparticles were produced in equal numbers in the aftermath of the big bang," according to Cirigliano. "As the primordial soup cooled, they should have completely destroyed each other, leaving behind a universe with no matter. Instead, an - 2 - imbalance of matter over antimatter developed, eventually leading to galaxies and stars

277

LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Aug. 21, 2013-The High-Altitude Water Cherenkov (HAWC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

gamma-ray observatory begins gamma-ray observatory begins operations at Sierra Negra volcano in the state of Puebla, Mexico August 21, 2013 New site to observe supernovas and supermassive black holes LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Aug. 21, 2013-The High-Altitude Water Cherenkov (HAWC) Gamma Ray Observatory has begun formal operations at its site in Mexico. HAWC is designed to study the origin of very high-energy cosmic rays and observe the most energetic objects in the known universe. This extraordinary observatory, using a unique detection technique that differs from the classical astronomical design of mirrors, - 2 - lenses, and antennae, is a significant boost to international scientific and technical knowledge. "The HAWC observatory will search for signals from dark matter and to study some

278

DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0020-DNA | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

20-DNA 20-DNA Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home NEPA Document Collection for: DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0020-DNA DNA at Lightning Dock Geothermal Area for Geothermal/Exploration {{{NEPA_Name}}} General NEPA Document Info Energy Sector Geothermal energy Environmental Analysis Type DNA Applicant Lightning Dock Geothermal Inc Geothermal Area Lightning Dock Geothermal Area Project Location New Mexico Project Phase Geothermal/Exploration Techniques Time Frame (days) Participating Agencies Lead Agency BLM Funding Agency none provided Managing District Office BLM Las Cruces District Office Managing Field Office none provided Funding Agencies none provided Surface Manager none provided Mineral Manager BLM Selected Dates Application Document Type Sundry Notice

279

DOE Challenge Home Case Study, Palo Duro Homes, Inc., Albuquerque, NM, Production  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Palo Duro Palo Duro Homes, Inc. Albuquerque, NM BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES OFFICE DOE Challenge Home builders are in the top 1% of builders in the country meeting the extraordinary levels of excellence and quality specifi ed by the U.S. Department of Energy. Every DOE Challenge Home starts with ENERGY STAR for Homes Version 3 for an energy-effi cient home built on a solid foundation of building science research. Then, even more advanced technologies are designed in for a home that goes above and beyond current code to give you the superior quality construction, HVAC, appliances, indoor air quality, safety, durability, comfort, and solar-ready components along with ultra-low or no utility bills. This provides homeowners with a quality home that will last for generations to come.

280

LOS ALAMOS, N.M., January 15, 2013-Researchers from Los Alamos National  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

follows the 'Yellowknife follows the 'Yellowknife Road' to Martian wet area January 15, 2013 Instrument confirms presence of gypsum and related minerals LOS ALAMOS, N.M., January 15, 2013-Researchers from Los Alamos National Laboratory and the French Space Agency have tracked a trail of minerals that point to the prior presence of water at the Curiosity rover site on Mars. Researchers from the Mars Science Laboratory's ChemCam team today described how the laser instrument aboard the Curiosity Rover-an SUV-sized vehicle studying the surface of the Red Planet-has detected veins of gypsum running through an area known as Yellowknife Bay, located some 700 meters away from where the Curiosity Rover landed five months ago. - 2 - "These veins are composed mainly of hydrated calcium sulfate, such as bassanite

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ne nh nm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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281

LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Nov. 19, 2013-Researchers at Los Alamos National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

virus spread and evolution studied virus spread and evolution studied through computer modeling November 19, 2013 LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Nov. 19, 2013-Researchers at Los Alamos National Laboratory are investigating the complex relationships between the spread of the HIV virus in a population (epidemiology) and the actual, rapid evolution of the virus (phylogenetics) within each patient's body. "We have developed novel ways of estimating epidemics dynamics such as who infected whom, and the true population incidence of infection versus mere diagnoses dates," said Thomas Leitner, principal investigator. "Obviously, knowledge about these things is important for public health monitoring, decision making and intervention campaigns, and further to forensic investigations." The team models the uninfected population using traditional differential equations

282

DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0042-DNA | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2-DNA 2-DNA Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home NEPA Document Collection for: DOI-BLM-NM-L000-2012-0042-DNA DNA at Lightning Dock Geothermal Area for Geothermal/Exploration {{{NEPA_Name}}} General NEPA Document Info Environmental Analysis Type DNA Applicant Lightning Dock Geothermal Inc Geothermal Area Lightning Dock Geothermal Area Project Location New Mexico Project Phase Geothermal/Exploration Techniques Time Frame (days) Participating Agencies Lead Agency BLM Funding Agency none provided Managing District Office BLM Las Cruces District Office Managing Field Office none provided Funding Agencies none provided Surface Manager none provided Mineral Manager BLM Selected Dates Application Document Type Sundry Notice Relevant Numbers Lead Agency

283

Dense wavelength multiplexing of 1550 nm QKD with strong classical channels in reconfigurable networking environments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To move beyond dedicated links and networks, quantum communications signals must be integrated into networks carrying classical optical channels at power levels many orders of magnitude higher than the quantum signals themselves. We demonstrate transmission of a 1550-nm quantum channel with up to two simultaneous 200-GHz spaced classical telecom channels, using ROADM (reconfigurable optical <1dd drop multiplexer) technology for multiplexing and routing quantum and classical signals. The quantum channel is used to perform quantum key distribution (QKD) in the presence of noise generated as a by-product of the co-propagation of classical channels. We demonstrate that the dominant noise mechanism can arise from either four-wave mixing or spontaneous Raman scattering, depending on the optical path characteristics as well <1S the classical channel parameters. We quantity these impairments and discuss mitigation strategies.

Rosenberg, Danna [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Peterson, Charles G [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dallmann, Nicholas [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hughes, Richard J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mccabe, Kevin P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Nordholt, Jane E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tyagi, Hush T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Peters, Nicholas A [TELCORDIA TECHNOLOGIES; Toliver, Paul [TELCORDIA TECHNOLOGIES; Chapman, Thomas E [TELCORDIA TECHNOLOGIES; Runser, Robert J [TELCORDIA TECHNOLOGIES; Mcnown, Scott R [TELCORDIA TECHNOLOGIES

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

The direct measurement of ablation pressure driven by 351-nm laser radiation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The instantaneous scaling of ablation pressure to laser intensity is directly inferred for ramp compression of diamond targets irradiated by 351-nm light. Continuously increasing pressure profiles from 100 to 970 GPa are produced by direct-drive laser ablation at intensities up to 7 x 10{sup 13} W/cm{sup 2}. The free-surface velocity on the rear of the target is used to directly infer the instantaneous ablation-pressure profile at the front of the target. The laser intensity on target is determined by laser power measurements and fully characterized laser spots. The ablation pressure is found to depend on the laser intensity as P(GPa)=42({+-}3)[I(TW/cm{sup 2})]{sup 0.71({+-}0.01)}.

Fratanduono, D. E. [Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester, 250 East River Road, Rochester, New York 14623-1299 (United States); Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Rochester, 250 East River Road, Rochester, New York 14623-1299 (United States); Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Boehly, T. R. [Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester, 250 East River Road, Rochester, New York 14623-1299 (United States); Celliers, P. M.; Eggert, J. H.; Smith, R. F.; Hicks, D. G.; Collins, G. W. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Barrios, M. A. [Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester, 250 East River Road, Rochester, New York 14623-1299 (United States); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Rochester, 250 East River Road, Rochester, New York 14623-1299 (United States); Meyerhofer, D. D. [Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester, 250 East River Road, Rochester, New York 14623-1299 (United States); Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Rochester, 250 East River Road, Rochester, New York 14623-1299 (United States); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Rochester, 250 East River Road, Rochester, New York 14623-1299 (United States)

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Sub-0.1 nm-resolution quantitative scanning transmission electron microscopy without adjustable parameters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Atomic-resolution imaging in the scanning transmission electron microscope (STEM) constitutes a powerful tool for nanostructure characterization. Here, we demonstrate the quantitative interpretation of atomic-resolution high-angle annular dark-field (ADF) STEM images using an approach that does not rely on adjustable parameters. We measure independently the instrumental parameters that affect sub-0.1 nm-resolution ADF images, quantify their individual and collective contributions to the image intensity, and show that knowledge of these parameters enables a quantitative interpretation of the absolute intensity and contrast across all accessible spatial frequencies. The analysis also provides a method for the in-situ measurement of the STEM's effective source distribution.

Dwyer, C. [Monash Centre for Electron Microscopy, Monash University, Victoria 3800 (Australia); Department of Materials Engineering, Monash University, Victoria 3800 (Australia); ARC Centre of Excellence for Design in Light Metals, Monash University, Victoria 3800 (Australia); Maunders, C. [Department of Materials Engineering, Monash University, Victoria 3800 (Australia); Zheng, C. L. [Monash Centre for Electron Microscopy, Monash University, Victoria 3800 (Australia); Weyland, M.; Etheridge, J. [Monash Centre for Electron Microscopy, Monash University, Victoria 3800 (Australia); Department of Materials Engineering, Monash University, Victoria 3800 (Australia); Tiemeijer, P. C. [FEI Electron Optics, P.O. Box 80066, 5600 KA Eindhoven (Netherlands)

2012-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

286

Pedestrian and traffic safety in parking lots at SNL/NM : audit background report.  

SciTech Connect

This report supplements audit 2008-E-0009, conducted by the ES&H, Quality, Safeguards & Security Audits Department, 12870, during fall and winter of FY 2008. The study evaluates slips, trips and falls, the leading cause of reportable injuries at Sandia. In 2007, almost half of over 100 of such incidents occurred in parking lots. During the course of the audit, over 5000 observations were collected in 10 parking lots across SNL/NM. Based on benchmarks and trends of pedestrian behavior, the report proposes pedestrian-friendly features and attributes to improve pedestrian safety in parking lots. Less safe pedestrian behavior is associated with older parking lots lacking pedestrian-friendly features and attributes, like those for buildings 823, 887 and 811. Conversely, safer pedestrian behavior is associated with newer parking lots that have designated walkways, intra-lot walkways and sidewalks. Observations also revealed that motorists are in widespread noncompliance with parking lot speed limits and stop signs and markers.

Sanchez, Paul Ernest

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Feb. 14, 2013-Recently a Los Alamos National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Quantum cryptography put to work for Quantum cryptography put to work for electric grid security February 14, 2013 LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Feb. 14, 2013-Recently a Los Alamos National Laboratory quantum cryptography (QC) team successfully completed the first-ever demonstration of securing control data for electric grids using quantum cryptography. The demonstration was performed in the electric grid test bed that is part of the Trustworthy Cyber Infrastructure for the Power Grid (TCIPG) project at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign (UIUC) that was set up under the Department of Energy's Cyber Security for Energy Delivery Systems program in the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability. Novel methods for controlling the electric grid are needed to accommodate new energy sources such as renewables whose availability can fluctuate on short time scales. This

288

LOS ALAMOS, N.M., June 4, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory researchers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Using laser-driven neutrons to stop Using laser-driven neutrons to stop nuclear smugglers June 4, 2013 Los Alamos shows first nuclear material detection by single short-pulse-laser-driven neutron source LOS ALAMOS, N.M., June 4, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory researchers have successfully demonstrated for the first time that laser-generated neutrons can be enlisted as a useful tool in the War on Terror. The international research team in February used the short-pulse laser at Los Alamos's TRIDENT facility to generate a neutron beam with novel characteristics that interrogated a closed container to confirm the presence and quantity of nuclear material inside. The successful experiment paves the way for creation of a table-top-sized or truck-mounted - 2 - neutron generator that could be installed at strategic locations worldwide to thwart

289

Near tubule and intertubular bovine detin mapped at the 250 nm level.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, simultaneous diffraction and fluorescence mapping with a (250 nm){sup 2}, 10.1 keV synchrotron X-ray beam investigated the spatial distribution of carbonated apatite (cAp) mineral and elemental Ca (and other cations including Zn) around dentin tubules. In 1 {mu}m thick sections of near-pulp root dentin, where peritubular dentin (PTD) is newly forming, high concentrations of Zn, relative to those in intertubular dentin (ITD), were observed adjacent to and surrounding the tubule lumens. Some but not all tubules exhibited hypercalcified collars (high Ca signal relative to the surrounding ITD), and, when present, the zone of high Ca did not extend around the tubule. Diffraction rings from cAp 00.2 and 11.2 + 21.1 + 30.0 reflections were observed, and cAp was the only crystal phase detected. Profiles of Ca, Zn and cAp diffracted intensities showed the same transitions from solid to tubule lumen, indicating the same cAp content and organization in ITD far from the tubules and adjacent to them. Further, the matching Ca and diffraction profiles demonstrated that all of the Ca is in cAp or that any noncrystalline Ca was uniformly distributed throughout the dentin. Variation of 00.2 and 11.2 + 21.1 + 30.0 diffracted intensity was consistent with the expected biaxial crystallographic texture. Extension of X-ray mapping from near 1 {mu}m resolution to the 250 nm level, performed here for dentin and its tubules, will provide new understanding of other mineralized tissues.

Stock, S.R.; Veis, A.; Telser, A.; Cai, Z. (X-Ray Science Division); (Northwestern Univ.)

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Absolute frequency measurement for the emission transitions of molecular iodine in the 982 - 985 nm range  

SciTech Connect

We report high-precision frequency measurements of the separate hyperfine structure (HFS) components of the emission B - X system transitions of {sup 127}I{sub 2} molecules in the 982 - 985 nm range. To resolve the HFS of the emission lines, advantage was taken of the method of three-level laser spectroscopy. The function of exciting radiation was fulfilled by the second harmonic of a cw Nd : YAG laser, and the probe radiation in the 968 - 998 nm range was generated by an external-cavity diode laser. The output Nd : YAG laser frequency was locked to an HFS component of the absorption transition and the probing laser radiation to the emission transition component. When both frequencies were locked to HFS components with a common upper level, the output diode laser frequency was precisely equal to the emission transition frequency. The output frequency of the thus stabilised diode laser was measured with the help of a femtosecond optical frequency synthesiser based on a Ti : sapphire laser. We present the results of the absolute frequency measurements of 20 HFS components belonging to six vibrational - rotational transitions of the B - X system of iodine [R56(32 - 48)a1, P58(32 - 48)a1, P85(33 - 48)a1, R87(33 - 48a1, R88(33 - 48)a10] and all 15 components of the R86(33 - 48) line. The relative measurement uncertainty is equal to 7 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -10} and is determined by the frequency instability of the diode laser radiation.

Matyugin, Yu A; Ignatovich, S M; Kuznetsov, Sergei A; Nesterenko, M I; Okhapkin, M V; Pivtsov, V S; Skvortsov, Mikhail N; Bagaev, Sergei N [Institute of Laser Physics, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation)

2012-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

291

The photodissociation of oxetane at 193 nm as the reverse of the Paterno-Buchi reaction  

SciTech Connect

We investigated the photodissociation of oxetane (1,3-trimethylene oxide) at 193.3 nm in a molecular-beam apparatus using photofragment-translational spectroscopy and selective photoionization. We measured time-of-flight (TOF) spectra and angular anisotropy parameters {beta}(t) as a function of flight time of products at m/z=26-30 u utilizing photoionization energies from 9.8 to 14.8 eV. The TOF distributions of the products alter greatly with the employed photon energy, whereas their {beta}(t) distributions are insensitive to the photon energy. Dissociation to H{sub 2}CO+C{sub 2}H{sub 4} is the major channel in the title reaction. Three distinct dissociation paths with branching ratios 0.923:0.058:0.019 are responsible for the three features observed in the distribution of kinetic energy released in the channel H{sub 2}CO+C{sub 2}H{sub 4}. The observation of H{sub 2} and H atoms, {approx}1% in branching, indicates that products H{sub 2}CO and C{sub 2}H{sub 4} spontaneously decompose to only a small extent. Most HCO, C{sub 2}H{sub 3}, and C{sub 2}H{sub 2} ions originate from dissociative photoionization of products H{sub 2}CO and C{sub 2}H{sub 4}. Except atomic H and H{sub 2}, the photoproducts have large angular anisotropies, {beta}{>=}-0.8, which reflects rapid dissociation of oxetane following optical excitation at 193.3 nm. The mechanisms of dissociation of oxetane are addressed. Our results confirm the quantum-chemical calculations of Palmer et al. and provide profound insight into the Paterno-Buchi reaction.

Lee, Shih-Huang [National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center (NSRRC), 101 Hsin-Ann Road, Hsinchu Science Park, Hsinchu 30076, Taiwan (China)

2009-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

292

Spectroscopy and decay kinetics of Pr{sup 3+}-doped chloride crystals for 1300-nm optical amplifiers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several Pr{sup 3+}-doped chloride crystals have been tested spectroscopically for suitability as 1300-nm optical amplifiers operating on the {sup 1}G{sub 4} - {sup 3}H{sub 5} transition. {sup 1}G{sub 4} lifetimes are much longer than in fluoride hosts, ranging up to 1300 {mu}sec and suggesting a near-unity luminescence quantum yield. Emission spectra are typically broad (FWHM {approximately} 70 nm) and include the 1310-nm zero-dispersion wavelength of standard telecommunications fiber.

Page, R.H.; Schaffers, K.I.; Wilke, G.D. [and others

1995-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

293

Measurements of nuclear $\\gamma$-ray line emission in interactions of protons and $\\alpha$ particles with N, O, Ne and Si  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

$\\gamma$-ray production cross sections have been measured in proton irradiations of N, Ne and Si and $\\alpha$-particle irradiations of N and Ne. In the same experiment we extracted also line shapes for strong $\\gamma$-ray lines of $^{16}$O produced in proton and $\\alpha$-particle irradiations of O. For the measurements gas targets were used for N, O and Ne and a thick foil was used for Si. All targets were of natural isotopic composition. Beams in the energy range up to 26 MeV for protons and 39 MeV for $\\alpha$-particles have been delivered by the IPN-Orsay tandem accelerator. The $\\gamma$ rays have been detected with four HP-Ge detectors in the angular range 30$^{\\circ}$ to 135$^{\\circ}$. We extracted 36 cross section excitation functions for proton reactions and 14 for $\\alpha$-particle reactions. For the majority of the excitation functions no other data exist to our knowledge. Where comparison with existing data was possible usually a very good agreement was found. It is shown that these data are very in...

Benhabiles-Mezhoud, H; Thibaud, J -P; Tatischeff, V; Deloncle, I; Coc, A; Duprat, J; Hamadache, C; Lefebvre-Schuhl, A; Dalouzy, J -C; De Grancey, F; De Oliveira, F; Dayras, F; De Srville, N; Pellegriti, M -G; Lamia, L; Ouichaoui, S

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

THE INFLUENCE OF UNCERTAINTIES IN THE {sup 15}O({alpha}, {gamma}){sup 19}Ne REACTION RATE ON MODELS OF TYPE I X-RAY BURSTS  

SciTech Connect

We present a Monte Carlo calculation of the astrophysical rate of the {sup 15}O({alpha}, {gamma}){sup 19}Ne reaction based on an evaluation of published experimental data. By considering the likelihood distributions of individual resonance parameters derived from measurements, estimates of upper and lower limits on the reaction rate at the 99.73% confidence level are derived in addition to the recommended, median value. These three reaction rates are used as input for three separate calculations of Type I X-ray bursts (XRBs) using spherically symmetric, hydrodynamic simulations of an accreting neutron star. In this way the influence of the {sup 15}O({alpha}, {gamma}){sup 19}Ne reaction rate on the peak luminosity, recurrence time, and associated nucleosynthesis in models of Type I XRBs is studied. Contrary to previous findings, no substantial effect on any of these quantities is observed in a sequence of four bursts when varying the reaction rate between its lower and upper limits. Rather, the differences in these quantities are comparable to the burst-to-burst variations with a fixed reaction rate, indicating that uncertainties in the {sup 15}O({alpha}, {gamma}){sup 19}Ne reaction rate do not strongly affect the predictions of this Type I XRB model.

Davids, Barry [TRIUMF, Vancouver, BC V6T 2A3 (Canada); Cyburt, Richard H. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Astrophysics and National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI (United States); Jose, Jordi [Departament de Fisica i Enginyeria Nuclear, Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya and Institut d'Estudis Espacials de Catalunya, Barcelona (Spain); Mythili, Subramanian [Physics Department, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA (United States)

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Quantum wells on 3C-SiC/NH-SiC heterojunctions. Calculation of spontaneous polarization and electric field strength in experiments  

SciTech Connect

The results of experiments with quantum wells on 3C-SiC/4H-SiC and 3C-SiC/6H-SiC heterojunctions obtained by various methods are reconsidered. Spontaneous polarizations, field strengths, and energies of local levels in quantum wells on 3C-SiC/NH-SiC heterojunctions were calculated within a unified model. The values obtained are in agreement with the results of all considered experiments. Heterojunction types are determined. Approximations for valence band offsets on heterojunctions between silicon carbide polytypes and the expression for calculating local levels in quantum wells on the 3C-SiC/NH-SiC heterojunction are presented. The spontaneous polarizations and field strengths induced by spontaneous polarization on 3C-SiC/4H-SiC and 3C-SiC/6H-SiC heterojunctions were calculated as 0.71 and 0.47 C/m{sup 2} and 0.825 and 0.55 MV/cm, respectively.

Sbruev, I. S.; Sbruev, S. B., E-mail: science@yandex.ru [Moscow Aviation Institute (Russian Federation)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

296

HfO2 Gate Dielectric on (NH4)2S Passivated (100) GaAs Grown by Atomic Layer Deposition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The interface between hafnium oxide grown by atomic layer deposition and (100) GaAs treated with HCl cleaning and (NH{sub 4}){sub 2}S passivation has been characterized. Synchrotron radiation photoemission core level spectra indicated successful removal of the native oxides and formation of passivating sulfides on the GaAs surface. Layer-by-layer removal of the hafnia film revealed a small amount of As{sub 2}O{sub 3} formed at the interface during the dielectric deposition. Traces of arsenic and sulfur out-diffusion into the hafnia film were observed after a 450 C post-deposition anneal, and may be the origins for the electrically active defects. Transmission electron microscopy cross section images showed thicker HfO{sub 2} films for a given precursor exposure on S-treated GaAs versus the non-treated sample. In addition, the valence-band and the conduction-band offsets at the HfO{sub 2}/GaAs interface were deduced to be 3.18 eV and a range of 0.87-0.97 eV, respectively. It appears that HCl+(NH{sub 4})2{sub S} treatments provide a superior chemical passivation for GaAs and initial surface for ALD deposition.

Chen, P.T.; /Stanford U., Materials Sci. Dept.; Sun, Y.; /SLAC, SSRL; Kim, E.; McIntyre, P.C.; /Stanford U., Materials Sci. Dept.; Tsai, W.; Garner, M.; /Intel, Santa Clara; Pianetta, P.; /SLAC, SSRL; Nishi, Y.; /Stanford U., Elect. Eng. Dept.; Chui, C.O.; /UCLA

2007-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

297

AFFECTS OF MECHANICAL MILLING AND METAL OXIDE ADDITIVES ON SORPTION KINETICS OF 1:1 LiNH2/MgH2 MIXTURE  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The destabilized complex hydride system composed of LiNH{sub 2}:MgH{sub 2} (1:1 molar ratio) is one of the leading candidates of hydrogen storage with a reversible hydrogen storage capacity of 8.1 wt%. A low sorption enthalpy of {approx}32 kJ/mole H{sub 2} was first predicted by Alapati et al. utilizing first principle density function theory (DFT) calculations and has been subsequently confirmed empirically by Lu et al. through differential thermal analysis (DTA). This enthalpy suggests that favorable sorption kinetics should be obtainable at temperatures in the range of 160 C to 200 C. Preliminary experiments reported in the literature indicate that sorption kinetics are substantially lower than expected in this temperature range despite favorable thermodynamics. Systematic isothermal and isobaric sorption experiments were performed using a Sievert's apparatus to form a baseline data set by which to compare kinetic results over the pressure and temperature range anticipated for use of this material as a hydrogen storage media. Various material preparation methods and compositional modifications were performed in attempts to increase the kinetics while lowering the sorption temperatures. This paper outlines the results of these systematic tests and describes a number of beneficial additions which influence kinetics as well as NH{sub 3} formation.

Erdy, C.; Anton, D.; Gray, J.

2010-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

298

45-nm silicon-on-insulator CMOS technology integrating embedded DRAM for high-performance server and ASIC applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 45-nm technology, called 12S and developed for IBM POWER7, is an extremely robust and versatile technology platform that allows for a rich set of features that include embedded dynamic random access memory (DRAM), performance and ...

S. S. Iyer; G. Freeman; C. Brodsky; A. I. Chou; D. Corliss; S. H. Jain; N. Lustig; V. McGahay; S. Narasimha; J. Norum; K. A. Nummy; P. Parries; S. Sankaran; C. D. Sheraw; P. R. Varanasi; G. Wang; M. E. Weybright; X. Yu; E. Crabbe; P. Agnello

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Photon-controlled fabrication of amorphous superlattice structures using ArF (193 nm) excimer laser photolysis  

SciTech Connect

Pulsed ArF (193 nm) excimer laser photolysis of disilane, germane, and disilane-ammonia mixtures has been used to deposit amorphous superlattices containing silicon, germanium, and silicon nitride layers. Transmission electron microscope cross-section views demonstrate that structures having thin (5--25 nm) layers and sharp interlayer boundaries can be deposited at substrate temperatures below the pyrolytic threshold, entirely under laser photolytic control.

Lowndes, D.H.; Geohegan, D.B.; Eres, D.; Pennycook, S.J.; Mashburn, D.N.; Jellison G.E. Jr.

1988-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

300

Measurement of Neutrino-Nucleon Neutral-Current Elastic Scattering Cross-section at SciBooNE  

SciTech Connect

In this thesis, results of neutrino-nucleon neutral current (NC) elastic scattering analysis are presented. Neutrinos interact with other particles only with weak force. Measurement of cross-section for neutrino-nucleon reactions at various neutrino energy are important for the study of nucleon structure. It also provides data to be used for beam flux monitor in neutrino oscillation experiments. The cross-section for neutrino-nucleon NC elastic scattering contains the axial vector form factor G{sub A}(Q{sup 2}) as well as electromagnetic form factors unlike electromagnetic interaction. G{sub A} is propotional to strange part of nucleon spin ({Delta}s) in Q{sup 2} {yields} 0 limit. Measurement of NC elastic cross-section with smaller Q{sup 2} enables us to access {Delta}s. NC elastic cross-sections of neutrino-nucleon and antineutrino-nucleon were measured earlier by E734 experiment at Brookheaven National Laboratory (BNL) in 1987. In this experiment, cross-sections were measured in Q{sup 2} > 0.4 GeV{sup 2} region. Result from this experiment was the only published data for NC elastic scattering cross-section published before our experiment. SciBooNE is an experiment for the measurement of neutrino-nucleon scattering cross-secitons using Booster Neutrino Beam (BNB) at FNAL. BNB has energy peak at 0.7 GeV. In this energy region, NC elastic scattering, charged current elastic scattering, charged current pion production, and neutral current pion production are the major reaction branches. SciBar, electromagnetic calorimeter, and Muon Range Detector are the detectors for SciBooNE. The SciBar consists of finely segmented scintillators and 14336 channels of PMTs. It has a capability to reconstruct particle track longer than 8 cm and separate proton from muons and pions using energy deposit information. Signal of NC elastic scattering is a single proton track. In {nu}p {yields} {nu}p process, the recoil proton is detected. On the other hand, most of {nu}n {yields} {nu}n is invisible because there are only neutral particles in final state, but sometimes recoil neutron is scattered by proton and recoil proton is detected. Signal of this event is also single proton track. Event selection for the single proton track events using geometrical and dE/dx information of reconstructed track is performed. After the event selection, NC elastic scattering data sample is obtained. They includes {nu}p {yields} {nu}p and {nu}n {yields} {nu}n is obtained. Absolute cross-section as a function of Q{sup 2} is evaluated from this NC elastic scattering data sample.

Takei, Hideyuki; /Tokyo Inst. Tech.

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

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301

Microsoft Word - figure_8.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

T I D O R W Y ND SD C A N V U T CO NE KS A Z NM OK TX MN WI MI IA I L IN OH MO AR M S AL GA T N KY FL SC NC WV MD DE VA PA NJ NY CT RI MA VT NH ME LA HI A K J a p a n Mexico M e x...

302

Size and time-resolved growth rate measurements of 1 to 5 nm freshly formed atmospheric nuclei  

SciTech Connect

This study presents measurements of size and time-resolved particle diameter growth rates for freshly nucleated particles down to 1 nm geometric diameter. Novel data analysis methods were developed, de-coupling for the first time the size and time-dependence of particle growth rates by fitting the aerosol general dynamic equation to size distributions obtained at an instant in time. Size distributions of freshly nucleated total aerosol (neutral and charged) were measured during two intensive measurement campaigns in different environments (Atlanta, GA and Boulder, CO) using a recently developed electrical mobility spectrometer with a diethylene glycol-based ultrafine condensation particle counter as the particle detector. One new particle formation (NPF) event from each campaign was analyzed in detail. At a given instant in time during the NPF event, size-resolved growth rates were obtained directly from measured size distributions and were found to increase approximately linearly with particle size from {approx}1 to 3 nm geometric diameter, increasing from 5.5 {+-} 0.8 to 7.6 {+-} 0.6 nm h{sup -1} in Atlanta (13:00) and from 5.6 {+-} 2 to 27 {+-} 5 nm h{sup -1} in Boulder (13:00). The resulting growth rate enhancement {Lambda}, defined as the ratio of the observed growth rate to the growth rate due to the condensation of sulfuric acid only, was found to increase approximately linearly with size from {approx}1 to 3 nm geometric diameter. For the presented NPF events, values for {Lambda} had lower limits that approached {approx}1 at 1.2 nm geometric diameter in Atlanta and {approx}3 at 0.8 nm geometric diameter in Boulder, and had upper limits that reached 8.3 at 4.1 nm geometric diameter in Atlanta and 25 at 2.7 nm geometric diameter in Boulder. Nucleated particle survival probability calculations comparing the effects of constant and size-dependent growth indicate that neglecting the strong dependence of growth rate on size from 1 to 3 nm observed in this study could lead to a significant overestimation of CCN survival probability.

Kuang C.; Chen, M.; Zhao, J.; Smith, J.; McMurry, P. H.; Wang, J.

2012-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

303

High-throughput and in situ EDXRD investigation on the formation of two new metal aminoethylphosphonates - Ca(O{sub 3}PC{sub 2}H{sub 4}NH{sub 2}) and Ca(OH)(O{sub 3}PC{sub 2}H{sub 4}NH{sub 3}){center_dot}2H{sub 2}O  

SciTech Connect

The system Ca{sup 2+}/2-aminoethylphosphonic acid/H{sub 2}O/NaOH was systematically investigated using high-throughput methods. The experiments led to one new compound Ca(O{sub 3}PC{sub 2} H{sub 4}NH{sub 2}) (1) and the crystal structure was determined using in house X-ray powder diffraction data (monoclinic, P2{sub 1}/c, a=9.7753(3), b=6.4931(2), c=8.4473(2) A, {beta}=106.46(2) Degree-Sign , V=514.20(2) A{sup 3}, Z=4). The formation of 1 was investigated by in situ energy dispersive X-ray diffraction measurements (EDXRD) at beamline F3 at HASYLAB (light source DORIS III), DESY, Hamburg. An intermediate, Ca(OH)(O{sub 3}PC{sub 2}H{sub 4}NH{sub 3}){center_dot}2H{sub 2}O (2), was observed and could be isolated from the reaction mixture at ambient temperatures by quenching the reaction. The crystal structure of 2 was determined from XRPD data using synchrotron radiation (monoclinic, P2{sub 1}/m, a=11.2193(7), b=7.1488(3), c=5.0635(2) A, {beta}=100.13(4) Degree-Sign , V=399.78(3) A{sup 3}, Z=2). - Graphical abstarct: The detailed in situ energy dispersive X-ray diffraction (EDXRD) investigation on the formation of the new inorganic-organic hybrid compound Ca(O{sub 3}PC{sub 2}H{sub 4}NH{sub 2}) leads to the discovery of a new crystalline intermediate phase. Both crystal structures were elucidated using X-ray powder diffraction data. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer High-throughput investigation led to new metal aminoethylphosphonate Ca(O{sub 3}PC{sub 2}H{sub 4}NH{sub 2}). Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The formation of Ca(O{sub 3}PC{sub 2}H{sub 4}NH{sub 2}) was followed by in situ EDXRD measurements. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The crystalline intermediate Ca(O{sub 3}PC{sub 2}H{sub 4}NH{sub 3})(OH){center_dot}2H{sub 2}O was discovered. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Isolation of Ca(O{sub 3}PC{sub 2}H{sub 4}NH{sub 3})(OH){center_dot}2H{sub 2}O was accomplished by quenching experiments. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The structures were determined using X-ray powder diffraction data.

Schmidt, Corinna; Feyand, Mark [Institut fuer Anorganische Chemie, Christian-Albrechts-Universitaet, Max-Eyth Strasse 2, D 24118 Kiel (Germany); Rothkirch, Andre [HASYLAB, DESY Hamburg, Notkestrasse 85, 22607 Hamburg (Germany); Stock, Norbert, E-mail: stock@ac.uni-kiel.de [Institut fuer Anorganische Chemie, Christian-Albrechts-Universitaet, Max-Eyth Strasse 2, D 24118 Kiel (Germany)

2012-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

304

Zinc ion and neutral emission from single crystal zinc oxide during 193-nm excimer laser exposure  

SciTech Connect

Mass resolved time-of-flight measurements on neutral zinc atoms and zinc ions show energetic ions and neutrals during 193-nm irradiation of single crystals of semiconducting zinc oxide. Typical Zn+ kinetic energies are 3-5 eV. At fluences (energy per unit area per pulse) below 200 mJ/cm2, the ion intensities (per laser pulse) decrease monotonically to low values with laser pulse number. The depletion kinetics change from exponential to second order near 50 mJ/cm2. We attribute this change to the annihilation of defects yielding Zn+ emission when Zn+ or other surface defects become mobile. At fluences between 200 and 300 mJ/cm2, Zn+ emission becomes more sustained due to defects created by the laser. In this same fluence range, we observe the onset of detectable neutral atomic zinc emission. These neutral atoms display Maxwell-Boltzmann kinetic energy distributions w th effective surface temperatures that approach 5000 K as the fluence is raised to 350 mJ/cm2. These high surface temperatures are remarkable given the low etch rates observed at these fluences, suggesting that heated layer is extremely thin. We propose emission mechanisms and experiments to resolve outstanding questions.

Kahn, E. H. [Washington State University; Langford, S. C. [Washington State University; Boatner, Lynn A [ORNL; Dickinson, J. T. [Washington State University

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Ultraviolet photodissociation of iodine monochloride (ICl) at 235, 250, and 265 nm  

SciTech Connect

ICl photolysis in the ultraviolet region of the spectrum (235-265 nm) is studied using the Slice Imaging technique. The Cl*({sup 2}P{sub 1/2})/Cl({sup 2}P{sub 3/2}) and the I*({sup 2}P{sub 1/2})/I({sup 2}P{sub 3/2}) branching ratio between the I({sup 2}P{sub 3/2}) + Cl({sup 2}P{sub 3/2})/Cl*({sup 2}P{sub 1/2}) and I*({sup 2}P{sub 1/2}) + Cl({sup 2}P{sub 3/2})/Cl*({sup 2}P{sub 1/2}) channels is extracted from the respective iodine and chlorine photofragment images. We find that ground state chlorine atoms (Cl({sup 2}P{sub 3/2})) are formed nearly exclusively with excited state iodine atoms (I*({sup 2}P{sub 1/2})), while excited spin-orbit chlorine atoms (Cl*({sup 2}P{sub 1/2})) are concurrently produced only with ground state iodine atoms (I({sup 2}P{sub 3/2})). We conclude that photolysis of ICl in this UV region is a relatively ''clean'' source of spin-orbit excited chlorine atoms that can be used in crossed molecular beam experiments.

Diamantopoulou, N.; Kitsopoulos, Theofanis N. [Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser, Foundation of Research and Technology Hellas, Iraklion 71110 (Greece); Department of Chemistry, University of Crete, Iraklion 71003 (Greece); Kartakoulis, A.; Glodic, P.; Samartzis, Peter C. [Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser, Foundation of Research and Technology Hellas, Iraklion 71110 (Greece)

2011-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

306

Spectral irradiance model for tungsten halogen lamps in 340-850 nm wavelength range  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have developed a physical model for the spectral irradiance of 1 kW tungsten halogen incandescent lamps for the wavelength range 340-850 nm. The model consists of the Planck's radiation law, published values for the emissivity of tungsten, and a residual spectral correction function taking into account unknown factors of the lamp. The correction function was determined by measuring the spectra of a 1000 W, quartz-halogen, tungsten coiled filament (FEL) lamp at different temperatures. The new model was tested with lamps of types FEL and 1000 W, 120 V quartz halogen (DXW). Comparisons with measurements of two national standards laboratories indicate that the model can account for the spectral irradiance values of lamps with an agreement better than 1% throughout the spectral region studied. We further demonstrate that the spectral irradiance of a lamp can be predicted with an expanded uncertainty of 2.6% if the color temperature and illuminance values for the lamp are known with expanded uncertainties of 20 K and 2%, respectively. In addition, it is suggested that the spectral irradiance may be derived from resistance measurements of the filament with lamp on and off.

Ojanen, Maija; Kaerhae, Petri; Ikonen, Erkki

2010-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

307

Effects of Pulse Duration on Bulk Laser Damage in 350-nm Raster-Scanned DKDP  

SciTech Connect

In this paper we present the results of bulk damage experiments done on Type-I1 DKDP triple harmonic generator crystals that were raster conditioned with 351-355 nm wavelengths and pulse durations of 4 and 23.2 ns. In the first phase of experiments 20 different scan protocols were rastered into a sample of rapid growth DKDP. The sample was then rastered at damage-causing fluences to determine the three most effective protocols. These three protocols were scanned into a 15-cm sample of conventional-growth DKDP and then exposed to single shots of a I-cm beam from LLNL's Optical Sciences Laser at fluences ranging from 0.5 - 1.5X of the 10% damage probability fluence and nominal pulse durations of 0.1,0.3,0.8,3.2,7.0 and 20 ns. The experiment showed that pulse durations in the 1-3 ns range were much more effective at conditioning than pulses in the 16.3 ns range and that the multiple pass 'peak fluence' scan was more effective than the single pass 'leading edge' scan for 23.2 ns XeF scans.

Runkel, M; Bruere, J; Sell, W; Weiland, T; Milam, D; Hahn, D E; Nostrand, M C

2002-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

308

NE Press Releases  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

press-releases 1000 Independence Ave. SWWashington DC press-releases 1000 Independence Ave. SWWashington DC 20585202-586-5000 en Energy Department Announces New Investment in Innovative Small Modular Reactor http://energy.gov/articles/energy-department-announces-new-investment-innovative-small-modular-reactor Energy Department Announces New Investment in Innovative Small Modular Reactor

309

NE photo galleries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Analysis (11) Programs: Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (6) Engineering and Structural Mechanics (3) Heat Transfer and Fluid Mechanics (6) Risk Methodology and Evaluation (2)...

310

A survey of Existing V&V, UQ and M&S Data and Knowledge Bases in Support of the Nuclear Energy - Knowledge base for Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NE-KAMS)  

SciTech Connect

The Nuclear Energy - Knowledge base for Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NE-KAMS) is being developed at the Idaho National Laboratory in conjunction with Bettis Laboratory, Sandia National Laboratories, Argonne National Laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Utah State University and others. The objective of this consortium is to establish a comprehensive knowledge base to provide Verification and Validation (V&V) and Uncertainty Quantification (UQ) and other resources for advanced modeling and simulation (M&S) in nuclear reactor design and analysis. NE-KAMS will become a valuable resource for the nuclear industry, the national laboratories, the U.S. NRC and the public to help ensure the safe operation of existing and future nuclear reactors. A survey and evaluation of the state-of-the-art of existing V&V and M&S databases, including the Department of Energy and commercial databases, has been performed to ensure that the NE-KAMS effort will not be duplicating existing resources and capabilities and to assess the scope of the effort required to develop and implement NE-KAMS. The survey and evaluation have indeed highlighted the unique set of value-added functionality and services that NE-KAMS will provide to its users. Additionally, the survey has helped develop a better understanding of the architecture and functionality of these data and knowledge bases that can be used to leverage the development of NE-KAMS.

Hyung Lee; Rich Johnson, Ph.D.; Kimberlyn C. Moussesau

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Electrical Mobility Spectrometer Using a Diethylene Glycol Condensation Particle Counter for Measurement of Aerosol Size Distributions Down to 1 nm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report a new scanning mobility particle spectrometer (SMPS) for measuring number size distributions of particles down to {approx}1 nm mobility diameter. This SMPS includes an aerosol charger, a TSI 3085 nano differential mobility analyzer (nanoDMA), an ultrafine condensation particle counter (UCPC) using diethylene glycol (DEG) as the working fluid, and a conventional butanol CPC (the 'booster') to detect the small droplets leaving the DEG UCPC. The response of the DEG UCPC to negatively charged sodium chloride particles with mobility diameters ranging from 1-6 nm was measured. The sensitivity of the DEG UCPC to particle composition was also studied by comparing its response to positively charged 1.47 and 1.70 nm tetra-alkyl ammonium ions, sodium chloride, and silver particles. A high resolution differential mobility analyzer was used to generate the test particles. These results show that the response of this UCPC to sub-2 nm particles is sensitive to particle composition. The applicability of the new SMPS for atmospheric measurement was demonstrated during the Nucleation and Cloud Condensation Nuclei (NCCN) field campaign (Atlanta, Georgia, summer 2009). We operated the instrument at saturator and condenser temperatures that allowed the efficient detection of sodium chloride particles but not of air ions having the same mobility. We found that particles as small as 1 nm were detected during nucleation events but not at other times. Factors affecting size distribution measurements, including aerosol charging in the 1-10 nm size range, are discussed. For the charger used in this study, bipolar charging was found to be more effective for sub-2 nm particles than unipolar charging. No ion induced nucleation inside the charger was observed during the NCCN campaign.

Jiang, J.; Kuang, C.; Chen, M.; Attoui, M.; McMurry, P. H.

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

NM WAIDS: A PRODUCED WATER QUALITY AND INFRASTRUCTURE GIS DATABASE FOR NEW MEXICO OIL PRODUCERS  

SciTech Connect

The New Mexico Water and Infrastructure Data System (NM WAIDS) seeks to alleviate a number of produced water-related issues in southeast New Mexico. The project calls for the design and implementation of a Geographical Information System (GIS) and integral tools that will provide operators and regulators with necessary data and useful information to help them make management and regulatory decisions. The major components of this system are: (1) Databases on produced water quality, cultural and groundwater data, oil pipeline and infrastructure data, and corrosion information. (2) A web site capable of displaying produced water and infrastructure data in a GIS or accessing some of the data by text-based queries. (3) A fuzzy logic-based, site risk assessment tool that can be used to assess the seriousness of a spill of produced water. (4) A corrosion management toolkit that will provide operators with data and information on produced waters that will aid them in deciding how to address corrosion issues. The various parts of NM WAIDS will be integrated into a website with a user-friendly interface that will provide access to previously difficult-to-obtain data and information. Primary attention during the first six months of this project was focused on creating the water quality databases for produced water and surface water, along with collecting of corrosion information and building parts of the corrosion toolkit. Work on the project to date includes: (1) Creation of a water quality database for produced water analyses. The database was compiled from a variety of sources and currently has over 7000 entries for New Mexico. (2) Creation of a web-based data entry system for the water quality database. This system allows a user to view, enter, or edit data from a web page rather than having to directly access the database. (3) Creation of a semi-automated data capturing system for use with standard water quality analysis forms. This system improves the accuracy and speed of water quality data entry. (4) Acquisition of ground water data from the New Mexico State Engineer's office, including chloride content and TDS (Total Dissolved Solids) for over 30,000 data points in southeast New Mexico. (5) Creation of a web-based scale prediction tool, again with a web-based interface, that uses two common scaling indices to predict the likelihood of scaling. This prediction tool can either run from user input data, or the user can select samples from the water analysis database. (6) Creation of depth-to-groundwater maps for the study area. (7) Analysis of water quality data by formation. (8) Continuation of efforts to collect produced water quality information from operators in the southeast New Mexico area. (9) Qualitative assessment of produced water from various formations regarding corrosivity. (10) Efforts at corrosion education in the region through operator visits. Future work on this project will include: (1) Development of an integrated web and GIS interface for all the information collected in this effort. (2) Continued development of a fuzzy logic spill risk assessment tool that was initially developed prior to this project. Improvements will include addition of parameters found to be significant in determining the impact of a brine spill at a specific site. (3) Compilation of both hard copy and online corrosion toolkit material.

Martha Cather; Robert Lee; Ibrahim Gundiler; Andrew Sung

2003-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

313

Use of a dynamic simulation model to understand nitrogen cycling in the middle Rio Grande, NM.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Water quality often limits the potential uses of scarce water resources in semiarid and arid regions. To best manage water quality one must understand the sources and sinks of both solutes and water to the river system. Nutrient concentration patterns can identify source and sink locations, but cannot always determine biotic processes that affect nutrient concentrations. Modeling tools can provide insight into these large-scale processes. To address questions about large-scale nitrogen removal in the Middle Rio Grande, NM, we created a system dynamics nitrate model using an existing integrated surface water--groundwater model of the region to evaluate our conceptual models of uptake and denitrification as potential nitrate removal mechanisms. We modeled denitrification in groundwater as a first-order process dependent only on concentration and used a 5% denitrification rate. Uptake was assumed to be proportional to transpiration and was modeled as a percentage of the evapotranspiration calculated within the model multiplied by the nitrate concentration in the water being transpired. We modeled riparian uptake as 90% and agricultural uptake as 50% of the respective evapotranspiration rates. Using these removal rates, our model results suggest that riparian uptake, agricultural uptake and denitrification in groundwater are all needed to produce the observed nitrate concentrations in the groundwater, conveyance channels, and river as well as the seasonal concentration patterns. The model results indicate that a total of 497 metric tons of nitrate-N are removed from the Middle Rio Grande annually. Where river nitrate concentrations are low and there are no large nitrate sources, nitrate behaves nearly conservatively and riparian and agricultural uptake are the most important removal mechanisms. Downstream of a large wastewater nitrate source, denitrification and agricultural uptake were responsible for approximately 90% of the nitrogen removal.

Meixner, Tom (University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ); Tidwell, Vincent Carroll; Oelsner, Gretchen (University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ); Brooks, Paul (University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ); Roach, Jesse D.

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

QM/MM Lineshape Simulation of the Hydrogen-bonded Uracil NH Stretching Vibration of the Adenine:Uracil Base Pair in CDCl$_3$  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A hybrid Car-Parrinello QM/MM molecular dynamics simulation has been carried out for the Watson-Crick base pair of 9-ethyl-8-phenyladenine and 1-cyclohexyluracil in deuterochloroform solution at room temperature. The resulting trajectory is analyzed putting emphasis on the N-H$...$N Hydrogen bond geometry. Using an empirical correlation between the $\\NN$-distance and the fundamental NH-stretching frequency, the time-dependence of this energy gap along the trajectory is obtained. From the gap-correlation function we determine the infrared absorption spectrum using lineshape theory in combination with a multimode oscillator model. The obtained average transition frequency and the width of the spectrum is in reasonable agreement with recent experimental data.

Yan, Yun-an; Khn, Oliver

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) of nitric oxide with ammonia using Cu-ZSM-5 and Va-based honeycomb monolith catalysts: effect of H2 pretreatment, NH3-to-NO ratio, O2, and space velocity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work, the steady-state performance of zeolite-based (Cu-ZSM-5) and vanadium-based honeycomb monolith catalysts was investigated in the selective catalytic reduction process (SCR) for NO removal using NH3. The aim was to delineate the effect of various parameters including pretreatment of the catalyst sample with H2, NH3-to-NO ratio, inlet oxygen concentration, and space velocity. The concentrations of the species (e.g. NO, NH3, and others) were determined using a Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectrometer. The temperature was varied from ambient (25 C) to 500 C. The investigation showed that all of the above parameters (except pre-treatment with H2) significantly affected the peak NO reduction, the temperature at which peak NO reduction occurred, and residual ammonia left at higher temperatures (also known as 'NH3 slip'). Depending upon the particular values of the parameters, a peak NO reduction of around 90% was obtained for both the catalysts. However, an accompanied generation of N2O and NO2 species was observed as well, being much higher for the vanadium-based catalyst than for the Cu-ZSM-5 catalyst. For both catalysts, the peak NO reduction decreased with an increase in space velocity, and did not change significantly with an increase in oxygen concentration. The temperatures at which peak NO reduction and complete NH3 removal occurred increased with an increase in space velocity but decreased with an increase in oxygen concentration. The presence of more ammonia at the inlet (i.e. higher NH3-to-NO ratio) improved the peak NO reduction but simultaneously resulted in an increase in residual ammonia. Pretreatment of the catalyst sample with H2 (performed only for the Cu-ZSM-5 catalyst) did not produce any perceivable difference in any of the results for the conditions of these experiments.

Gupta, Saurabh

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

An AC phase measuring interferometer for measuring dn/dT of fused silica and calcium fluoride at 193 nm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A novel method for the measurement of the change in index of refraction vs. temperature (dn/dT) of fused silica and calcium fluoride at the 193 nm wavelength has been developed in support of thermal modeling efforts for the development of 193 nm-based photolithographic exposure tools. The method, based upon grating lateral shear interferometry, uses a transmissive linear grating to divide a 193 nm laser beam into several beam paths by diffraction which propagate through separate identical material samples. One diffracted order passing through one sample overlaps the undiffracted beam from a second sample and forms interference fringes dependent upon the optical path difference between the two samples. Optical phase delay due to an index change from heating one of the samples causes the interference fringes to change sinusoidally with phase. The interferometer also makes use of AC phase measurement techniques through lateral translation of the grating. Results for several samples of fused silica and calcium fluoride are demonstrated.

Shagam, R.N.

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Modification of laminar flow ultrafine condensation particle counters for the enhanced detection of 1 nm condensation nuclei  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes simple modifications to thermally diffusive laminar flow ultrafine condensation particle counters (UCPCs) that allow detection of {approx}1 nm condensation nuclei with much higher efficiencies than have been previously reported. These nondestructive modifications were applied to a commercial butanol based UCPC (TSI 3025A) and to a diethylene glycol-based UCPC (UMN DEG-UCPC). Size and charge dependent detection efficiencies using the modified UCPCs (BNL 3025A and BNL DEGUCPC) were measured with high resolution mobility classified aerosols composed of NaCl, W, molecular ion standards of tetraalkyl ammonium bromide, and neutralizer-generated ions. With negatively charged NaCl aerosol, the BNL 3025A and BNL DEGUCPC achieved detection efficiencies of 37% (90x increase over TSI 3025A) at 1.68 nm mobility diameter (1.39 nm geometric diameter) and 23% (8x increase over UMN DEG-UCPC) at 1.19 nm mobility diameter (0.89 nm geometric diameter), respectively. Operating conditions for both UCPCs were identified that allowed negatively charged NaCl and W particles, but not negative ions of exactly the same mobility size, to be efficiently detected. This serendipitous material dependence, which is not fundamentally understood, suggests that vapor condensation might sometimes allow for the discrimination between air 'ions' and charged 'particles.' As a detector in a scanning mobility particle spectrometer (SMPS), a UCPC with this strong material dependence would allow for more accurate measurements of sub-2 nm aerosol size distributions due to the reduced interference from neutralizer-generated ions and atmospheric ions, and provide increased sensitivity for the determination of nucleation rates and initial particle growth rates.

Kuang, C.; Chen, M.; McMurry, P. H.; Wang, J.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Single-frequency hybrid laser with an output power up to 3 W at a wavelength of 1064 nm  

SciTech Connect

A high-power single-frequency laser with an output power of 2.5 W in the cw regime at a wavelength of 1064 nm has been developed using a hybrid scheme based on a master singlefrequency semiconductor laser (wavelength 1064 nm, lasing linewidth less than 3 MHz) and a two-cascade fibre amplifier pumped by high-power laser diodes. At pump powers of 4.8 W in the first cascade and 6.8 W in the second cascade the total gain is about 100.

Trikshev, A I; Kurkov, Andrei S; Tsvetkov, V B [A M Prokhorov General Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

319

Evaluation of a PECVD advanced barrier (k=3.7) for 32nm CMOS technology and below  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An advanced dielectric barrier proposed for sub-45nm CMOS technology nodes is firstly characterized on 300mm full sheet wafers. The barrier is a bi-layer deposited by PECVD. The copper diffusion barrier property is ensured by a depositing dense initiation ... Keywords: Dielectric barrier, Dual damascene, Electromigration, Etch stop layer, RC delay

L. L. Chapelon; E. Petitprez; P. Brun; A. Farcy; J. Torres

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Approaching the theoretical limits of a mesh NoC with a 16-node chip prototype in 45nm SOI  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we present a case study of our chip prototype of a 16-node 4x4 mesh NoC fabricated in 45nm SOI CMOS that aims to simultaneously optimize energy-latency-throughput for unicasts, multicasts and broadcasts. We ...

Park, Sunghyun

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ne nh nm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Estimation of gate-to-channel tunneling current in ultra-thin oxide sub-50nm double gate devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Double gate (DG) FETs have emerged as the most promising technology for sub-50nm transistor design. However, analysis and control of the gate tunneling leakage in DGFET is necessary to fully exploit their advantages. In this paper we have modeled (numerically ... Keywords: Direct tunneling, Double gate, Leakage, Quantum confinement

Saibal Mukhopadhyay; Keunwoo Kim; Jae-Joon Kim; Shih-Hsien Lo; Rajiv V. Joshi; Ching-Te Chuang; Kaushik Roy

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

A 65nm dual-mode baseband and multimedia application processor SoC with advanced power and memory management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Dual-mode baseband (W-CDMA/HSDPA and GSM/GPRS/EDGE) and multimedia application processor SoC is described. The SoC fabricated in triple-Vth 65nm CMOS has 3 CPU cores and 20 separate power domains to achieve both high performance and low power. The ...

Tatsuya Kamei; Tetsuhiro Yamada; Takao Koike; Masayuki Ito; Takahiro Irita; Kenichi Nitta; Toshihiro Hattori; Shinichi Yoshioka

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

SOLAR VARIABILITY FROM 240 TO 1750 nm IN TERMS OF FACULAE BRIGHTENING AND SUNSPOT DARKENING FROM SCIAMACHY  

SciTech Connect

The change of spectral decomposition of the total radiative output on various timescales of solar magnetic activity is of large interest to terrestrial and solar-stellar atmosphere studies. Starting in 2002, SCIAMACHY was the first satellite instrument to observe daily solar spectral irradiance (SSI) continuously from 230 nm (UV) to 1750 nm (near-infrared; near-IR). In order to address the question of how much UV, visible (vis), and IR spectral regions change on 27 day and 11 year timescales, we parameterize short-term SSI variations in terms of faculae brightening (Mg II index) and sunspot darkening (photometric sunspot index) proxies. Although spectral variations above 300 nm are below 1% and, therefore, well below the accuracy of absolute radiometric calibration, relative accuracy for short-term changes is shown to be in the per mill range. This enables us to derive short-term spectral irradiance variations from the UV to the near-IR. During Halloween solar storm in 2003 with a record high sunspot area, we observe a reduction of 0.3% in the near-IR to 0.5% in the vis and near-UV. This is consistent with a 0.4% reduction in total solar irradiance (TSI). Over an entire 11 year solar cycle, SSI variability covering simultaneously the UV, vis, and IR spectral regions have not been directly observed so far. Using variations of solar proxies over solar cycle 23, solar cycle spectral variations have been estimated using scaling factors that best matched short-term variations of SCIAMACHY. In the 300-400 nm region, which strongly contributes to TSI solar cycle change, a contribution of 34% is derived from SCIAMACHY observations, which is lower than the reported values from SUSIM satellite data and the empirical SATIRE model. The total UV contribution (below 400 nm) to TSI solar cycle variations is estimated to be 55%.

Pagaran, J.; Weber, M.; Burrows, J. [Institute of Environmental Physics, University of Bremen, Otto-Hahn-Allee 1 D-28359 Bremen (Germany)], E-mail: pagaran@iup.physik.uni-bremen.de

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Research Needs for Magnetic Fusion Energy Sciences. Report of the Research Needs Workshop (ReNeW) Bethesda, Maryland, June 8-12, 2009  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear fusion - the process that powers the sun - offers an environmentally benign, intrinsically safe energy source with an abundant supply of low-cost fuel. It is the focus of an international research program, including the ITE R fusion collaboration, which involves seven parties representing half the world's population. The realization of fusion power would change the economics and ecology of energy production as profoundly as petroleum exploitation did two centuries ago. The 21st century finds fusion research in a transformed landscape. The worldwide fusion community broadly agrees that the science has advanced to the point where an aggressive action plan, aimed at the remaining barriers to practical fusion energy, is warranted. At the same time, and largely because of its scientific advance, the program faces new challenges; above all it is challenged to demonstrate the timeliness of its promised benefits. In response to this changed landscape, the Office of Fusion Energy Sciences (OFES ) in the US Department of Energy commissioned a number of community-based studies of the key scientific and technical foci of magnetic fusion research. The Research Needs Workshop (ReNeW) for Magnetic Fusion Energy Sciences is a capstone to these studies. In the context of magnetic fusion energy, ReNeW surveyed the issues identified in previous studies, and used them as a starting point to define and characterize the research activities that the advance of fusion as a practical energy source will require. Thus, ReNeW's task was to identify (1) the scientific and technological research frontiers of the fusion program, and, especially, (2) a set of activities that will most effectively advance those frontiers. (Note that ReNeW was not charged with developing a strategic plan or timeline for the implementation of fusion power.) This Report presents a portfolio of research activities for US research in magnetic fusion for the next two decades. It is intended to provide a strategic framework for realizing practical fusion energy. The portfolio is the product of ten months of fusion-community study and discussion, culminating in a Workshop held in Bethesda, Maryland, from June 8 to June 12, 2009. The Workshop involved some 200 scientists from Universities, National Laboratories and private industry, including several scientists from outside the US. Largely following the Basic Research Needs model established by the Office of Basic Energy Sciences (BES ), the Report presents a collection of discrete research activities, here called 'thrusts.' Each thrust is based on an explicitly identified question, or coherent set of questions, on the frontier of fusion science. It presents a strategy to find the needed answers, combining the necessary intellectual and hardware tools, experimental facilities, and computational resources into an integrated, focused program. The thrusts should be viewed as building blocks for a fusion program plan whose overall structure will be developed by OFES , using whatever additional community input it requests. Part I of the Report reviews the issues identified in previous fusion-community studies, which systematically identified the key research issues and described them in considerable detail. It then considers in some detail the scientific and technical means that can be used to address these is sues. It ends by showing how these various research requirements are organized into a set of eighteen thrusts. Part II presents a detailed and self-contained discussion of each thrust, including the goals, required facilities and tools for each. This Executive Summary focuses on a survey of the ReNeW thrusts. The following brief review of fusion science is intended to provide context for that survey. A more detailed discussion of fusion science can be found in an Appendix to this Summary, entitled 'A Fusion Primer.'

None

2009-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

325

Research Needs for Magnetic Fusion Energy Sciences. Report of the Research Needs Workshop (ReNeW) Bethesda, Maryland, June 8-12, 2009  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear fusion - the process that powers the sun - offers an environmentally benign, intrinsically safe energy source with an abundant supply of low-cost fuel. It is the focus of an international research program, including the ITE R fusion collaboration, which involves seven parties representing half the world's population. The realization of fusion power would change the economics and ecology of energy production as profoundly as petroleum exploitation did two centuries ago. The 21st century finds fusion research in a transformed landscape. The worldwide fusion community broadly agrees that the science has advanced to the point where an aggressive action plan, aimed at the remaining barriers to practical fusion energy, is warranted. At the same time, and largely because of its scientific advance, the program faces new challenges; above all it is challenged to demonstrate the timeliness of its promised benefits. In response to this changed landscape, the Office of Fusion Energy Sciences (OFES ) in the US Department of Energy commissioned a number of community-based studies of the key scientific and technical foci of magnetic fusion research. The Research Needs Workshop (ReNeW) for Magnetic Fusion Energy Sciences is a capstone to these studies. In the context of magnetic fusion energy, ReNeW surveyed the issues identified in previous studies, and used them as a starting point to define and characterize the research activities that the advance of fusion as a practical energy source will require. Thus, ReNeW's task was to identify (1) the scientific and technological research frontiers of the fusion program, and, especially, (2) a set of activities that will most effectively advance those frontiers. (Note that ReNeW was not charged with developing a strategic plan or timeline for the implementation of fusion power.) This Report presents a portfolio of research activities for US research in magnetic fusion for the next two decades. It is intended to provide a strategic framework for realizing practical fusion energy. The portfolio is the product of ten months of fusion-community study and discussion, culminating in a Workshop held in Bethesda, Maryland, from June 8 to June 12, 2009. The Workshop involved some 200 scientists from Universities, National Laboratories and private industry, including several scientists from outside the US. Largely following the Basic Research Needs model established by the Office of Basic Energy Sciences (BES ), the Report presents a collection of discrete research activities, here called 'thrusts.' Each thrust is based on an explicitly identified question, or coherent set of questions, on the frontier of fusion science. It presents a strategy to find the needed answers, combining the necessary intellectual and hardware tools, experimental facilities, and computational resources into an integrated, focused program. The thrusts should be viewed as building blocks for a fusion program plan whose overall structure will be developed by OFES , using whatever additional community input it requests. Part I of the Report reviews the issues identified in previous fusion-community studies, which systematically identified the key research issues and described them in considerable detail. It then considers in some detail the scientific and technical means that can be used to address these is sues. It ends by showing how these various research requirements are organized into a set of eighteen thrusts. Part II presents a detailed and self-contained discussion of each thrust, including the goals, required facilities and tools for each. This Executive Summary focuses on a survey of the ReNeW thrusts. The following brief review of fusion science is intended to provide context for that survey. A more detailed discussion of fusion science can be found in an Appendix to this Summary, entitled 'A Fusion Primer.'

2009-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

326

LOW-TEMPERATURE ION TRAP STUDIES OF N{sup +}({sup 3} P{sub ja} ) + H{sub 2}(j) {yields} NH{sup +} + H  

SciTech Connect

Using a low-temperature 22-pole ion trap apparatus, detailed measurements for the title reaction have been performed between 10 K and 100 K in order to get some state specific information about this fundamental hydrogen abstraction process. The relative population of the two lowest H{sub 2} rotational states, j = 0 and 1, has been varied systematically. NH{sup +} formation is nearly thermo-neutral; however, to date, the energetics are not known with the accuracy required for low-temperature astrochemistry. Additional complications arise from the fact that, so far, there is no reliable theoretical or experimental information on how the reactivity of the N{sup +} ion depends on its fine-structure (FS) state {sup 3} P{sub ja} . Since in the present trapping experiment, thermalization of the initially hot FS population competes with hydrogen abstraction, the evaluation of the decay of N{sup +} ions over long storage times and at various He and H{sub 2} gas densities provides information on these processes. First assuming strict adiabatic behavior, a set of state specific rate coefficients is derived from the measured thermal rate coefficients. In addition, by recording the disappearance of the N{sup +} ions over several orders of magnitude, information on nonadiabatic transitions is extracted including FS-changing collisions.

Zymak, I.; Hejduk, M.; Mulin, D.; Plasil, R.; Glosik, J.; Gerlich, D. [Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, Prague (Czech Republic)

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Imaging ion-molecule reactions: Charge transfer and C-N bond formation in the C{sup +}+ NH{sub 3} system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The velocity mapping ion imaging method is applied to the ion-molecule reactions occurring between C{sup +} and NH{sub 3}. The velocity space images are collected over the relative collision energy range from 1.5 to 3.3 eV, allowing both product kinetic energy distributions and angular distributions to be obtained from the data. The charge transfer process appears to be direct, dominated by long-range electron transfer that results in minimal deflection of the products. The product kinetic energy distributions are consistent with a process dominated by energy resonance. The kinetic energy distributions for C-N bond formation appear to scale with the total available energy, providing strong evidence that energy in the [CNH{sub 3}]{sup +} precursor to products is distributed statistically. The angular distributions for C-N bond formation show pronounced forward-backward symmetry, as expected for a complex that resembles a prolate symmetric top decaying along its symmetry axis.

Pei, Linsen; Farrar, James M. [Department of Chemistry, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627 (United States)

2012-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

328

Detailed modeling and laser-induced fluorescence imaging of nitric oxide in a NH(i)-seeded non-premixed methane/air flame  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we study the formation of NO in laminar, nitrogen diluted methane diffusion flames that are seeded with ammonia in the fuel stream. We have performed numerical simulations with detailed chemistry as well as laser-induced fluorescence imaging measurements for a range of ammonia injection rates. For comparison with the experimental data, synthetic LIF images are calculated based on the numerical data accounting for temperature and fluorescence quenching effects. We demonstrate good agreement between measurements and computations. The LIF corrections inferred from the simulation are then used to calculate absolute NO mole fractions from the measured signal.The NO formation in both doped and undoped flames occurs in the flame sheet. In the undoped flame, four different mechanisms including thermal and prompt NO appear to contribute to NO formation. As the NH3 seeding level increases, fuel-NO becomes the dominant mechanism and N2 shifts from being a net reactant to being a net product. Nitric oxide in the undoped flame as well as in the core region of the doped flames are underpredicted by the model; we attribute this mainly to inaccuracies in the NO recycling chemistry on the fuel-rich side of the flame sheet.

Bell, John B.; Day, Marcus S.; Grcar, Joseph F.; Bessler, Wolfgang G.; Schulz, Christof; Glarborg, Peter; Jensen, Anker D.

2001-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

329

The formation of metallic nanoparticles in single crystal CaF{sub 2} under 157 nm excimer laser irradiation  

SciTech Connect

Single crystal calcium fluoride (CaF{sub 2}) is an important material for vacuum-ultraviolet optical components. Unfortunately, all metal halides tend to form defects when exposed to energetic particles and laser radiation, and these defects can degrade optical performance. Here we examine the consequences of exposing CaF{sub 2} to 157 nm excimer laser radiation and show that several tens of thousands of pulses at fluences near 1 J/cm{sup 2} can color the material. Absorption spectra of the exposed material confirm the formation of metallic calcium nanoparticles similar to those produced by other forms of energetic radiation. The rate of nanoparticle formation depends on the bulk temperature and displays a local maximum near 50 deg. C. Absorption measurements at 157 nm display a transient absorption component that grows during prolonged irradiation and disappears on time scales of several minutes after irradiation ceases. The implications of these effects in optical components are discussed.

Cramer, L.P.; Langford, S.C.; Dickinson, J.T. [Physics Department, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington 99164-2814 (United States)

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Comparison of Mg-based multilayers for solar He II radiation at 30.4 nm wavelength  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mg-based multilayers, including SiC/Mg, Co/Mg, B4C/Mg, and Si/Mg, are investigated for solar imaging and a He II calibration lamp at a 30.4 nm wavelength. These multilayers were fabricated by a magnetron sputtering method and characterized by x-ray reflection. The reflectivities of these multilayers were measured by synchrotron radiation. Near-normal-incidence reflectivities of Co/Mg and SiC/Mg multilayer mirrors are as high as 40.3% and 44.6%, respectively, while those of B4C/Mg and Si/Mg mirrors are too low for application. The measured results suggest that SiC/Mg, Co/Mg multilayers are promising for a 30.4 nm wavelength.

Zhu Jingtao; Zhou Sika; Li Haochuan; Huang Qiushi; Wang Zhanshan; Le Guen, Karine; Hu, Min-Hui; Andre, Jean-Michel; Jonnard, Philippe

2010-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

331

Homogeneous pinhole free 1 nm Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} tunnel barriers on graphene  

SciTech Connect

We report on the topographical and electrical characterisations of 1 nm thick Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} dielectric films on graphene. The Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} is grown by sputtering a 0.6 nm Al layer on graphene and subsequentially oxidizing it in an O{sub 2} atmosphere. The Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} layer presents no pinholes and is homogeneous enough to act as a tunnel barrier. A resistance-area product in the mega-ohm micrometer-square range is found. Comparatively, the growth of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} by evaporation does not lead to well-wetted films on graphene. Application of this high quality sputtered tunnel barrier to efficient spin injection in graphene is discussed.

Dlubak, B.; Martin, M.-B.; Deranlot, C.; Bouzehouane, K.; Fusil, S.; Mattana, R.; Petroff, F.; Anane, A.; Seneor, P.; Fert, A. [Unite Mixte de Physique CNRS/Thales, 91767 Palaiseau (France) and University of Paris-Sud, 91405 Orsay (France)

2012-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

332

Make Checks Payable to the 4-H Foundation of New Hampshire. For more information contact Rhiannon Beauregard at Rhiannon.Beauergard@unh.edu or (603) 862-2188. All of this information can be found at the NH 4-H State Horse Show Website  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Beauregard at Rhiannon.Beauergard@unh.edu or (603) 862-2188. All of this information can be found at the NH 4 Foundation of New Hampshire. For more information contact Rhiannon Beauregard at Rhiannon Exposition. Please notify Rhiannon Beauregard, NH 4-H Animal and Agricultural Science Education Coordinator

New Hampshire, University of

333

Direct total cross section measurement of the {sup 16}O({alpha}, {gamma}){sup 20}Ne reaction at E{sub c.m.}=2.26 MeV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In stellar helium burning, {sup 16}O represents the endpoint of the helium-burning sequence due to the low rate of {sup 16}O({alpha},{gamma}){sup 20}Ne. We present a new direct measurement of the total capture reaction rate of {sup 16}O({alpha},{gamma}){sup 20}Ne at E{sub c.m.}=2.26 MeV employing the DRAGON recoil separator. For the first time, the total S factor and its contributing direct capture transitions could be determined in one experiment.

Hager, U.; Greife, U. [Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado (United States); Brown, J. R. [Department of Physics, University of York, York, YO10 5DD (United Kingdom); Buchmann, L.; Fallis, J.; Hutcheon, D.; Ottewell, D.; Ruiz, C.; Sjue, S. [TRIUMF, Vancouver, Canada V6T 2A3 (Canada); Carmona-Gallardo, M. [Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, CSIC E-28006 Madrid (Spain); Erikson, L. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA (United States); Vockenhuber, C. [ETH Zurich, Zurich (Switzerland)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

334

Thickness effect on laser-induced-damage threshold of indium-tin oxide films at 1064 nm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Laser-induced-damage characteristics of commercial indium-tin oxide (ITO) films deposited by DC magnetron sputtering deposition on K9 glass substrates as a function of the film thickness have been studied at 1064 nm with a 10 ns laser pulse in the 1-on-1 mode, and the various mechanisms for thickness effect on laser-induced-damage threshold (LIDT) of the film have been discussed in detail. It is observed that laser-damage-resistance of ITO film shows dramatic thickness effect with the LIDT of the 50-nm ITO film 7.6 times as large as the value of 300 nm film, and the effect of depressed carrier density by decreasing the film thickness is demonstrated to be the primary reason. Our experiment findings indicate that searching transparent conductive oxide (TCO) film with low carrier density and high carrier mobility is an efficient technique to improve the laser-damage-resistance of TCO films based on maintaining their well electric conductivity.

Wang Haifeng; Huang Zhimeng; Zhang Dayong; Luo Fei; Huang Lixian; Li Yanglong; Luo Yongquan; Wang Weiping; Zhao Xiangjie [Institute of Fluid Physics, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621900 (China)

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

High-energy kHz mid-IR tunable PPSLT-based OPO pumped at 1064 nm  

SciTech Connect

We report a single-frequency sub-nanosecond optical parametric oscillator (OPO) based on periodically poled stoichiometric lithium tantalate (PPSLT), pumped by a 1064-nm amplified microchip laser at a repetition rate of 0.5 kHz. Using a 11-mm-long PPSLT crystal polled with three different domain periods (30.2, 30.3, 30.4 {mu}m) and changing the temperature of the crystal from 20 Degree-Sign C to 265 Degree-Sign C, we have achieved wavelength tuning between 2990 nm and 3500 nm. The high nonlinearity of the used medium and the large aperture (2 mm) ensure the maximum idler output energy of {approx}0.5 mJ in the whole tuning range, corresponding to average {approx}10.5 % idler conversion efficiency and {approx}250 mW of average power. Sub-nanosecond pulse durations have been obtained for the idler at 0.88-ns pulse duration of the pump.

Gaydardzhiev, A; Chuchumishev, D; Draganov, D; Buchvarov, I [Department of Physics, Sofia University, 5 James Bourchier Blvd., BG-1164, Sofia (Bulgaria)

2012-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

336

Clouds, Aerosols and Precipitation in the Marine Boundary Layer (CAP-MBL) AMF Deployment Graciosa Island, Azores, NE Atlantic Ocean May 2009-December 2010  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the Marine Boundary Layer (CAP-MBL) Graciosa Island, Azores, NE Atlantic Ocean May 2009-December 2010 Rob Wood, University of Washington CAP-MBL Proposal Team AMF Deployment Team Thanks to Mark Miller: AMF Site Scientist Kim Nitschke: AMF Site Manager Importance of Low-Clouds for Climate Imperative that we understand the processes controlling the formation, maintenance and dissipation of low clouds in order to improve their representation in climate models. Which clouds matter for climate sensitivity? Climate Feedbacks Model Intercomparison Project (CFMIP) 12 slab ocean models 2xCO 2 - control Correlation of global mean CRF with local values Mark Webb, Hadley Center 90 N 45 N 0 45 S 90S 0 90 E 180 90 W 0

337

REP&" TO A~NOF: NE-23 SUBJECT: Commercial Facilities Used by National Lead Company of Ohio iin Support  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

tifr'itG!'l' &i&s Coverament tifr'itG!'l' &i&s Coverament --_ , ,&,.i +.&r, ,' ,T.L ' Department of Energy / REP&" TO A~NOF: NE-23 SUBJECT: Commercial Facilities Used by National Lead Company of Ohio iin Support of FMPC Operations TO: Robert E. Lynch Procuremnent and Contracts Division, AD-42 Oak Ridge Operations Office , / I I The Division of Facility and Site Oecomnissioning Projects (OF%) is responsible for managing the Department's Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP). The purposes of FUSRAP are (1) to identify facilities formerly operated for or by the Manhattan Engineer District (WED) and Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) which may have been'radioactively contaminated as a result of these operations, (5) to determine if the

338

Enhanced T-lymphocyte blastogenic response to tuberculin (PPD) in children of northeast (NE) Thailand supplemented with vitamin A (VA) and zinc (Zn)  

SciTech Connect

Beneficial effects of Va and/or Zn supplementation of children in NE Thailand are described in a companion abstract. In the same study, blastogenic response (BR) of T-lymphocytes to concanavalin-A (ConA) and PPD were assayed in cultures containing mononuclear cells (MNC) or whole blood (WB). Methods were previously described. Children were previously vaccinated with BCG. BR to ConA of MNC or WB from children supplemented with VA, Zn, VA + Zn or placebo were similar. BR to PPD of MNC was higher in children receiving VA + Zn than placebo, but not in children supplemented with VA or Zn alone. Data indicate that children with suboptimal VA and Zn nutriture supplemented with < 2 times RDA of these nutrients showed enhanced cellular immunity to PPD. This observation is relevant to BCG immunization program and thus may benefit public health.

Kramer, T.R.; Udomkesmalee, E.; Dhanamitta, S.; Sirisinha, S.; Charoenkiatkul, S.; Tantipopipat, S.; Banjong, O.; Rojroongwasinkul, N.; Smith, J.C. Jr. (Dept. of Agriculture, Beltsville, MD (United States) Mahidol Univ., Nakhon Pathom (Thailand))

1991-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

339

Idaho National Laboratory Ten-year Site Plan (2012 through 2021) -- DOE-NE's National Nuclear Capability -- Developing and Maintaining the INL Infrastructure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To meet long-term objectives to transform the Idaho National Laboratory (INL), we are providing an integrated, long-term vision of infrastructure requirements that support research, development and demonstration (RD&D) goals outlined in the DOE strategic plans, including the NE Roadmap and reports such as Facilities for the Future of Nuclear Energy Research: A Twenty-year Outlook. The goal of the INL Ten-year Site Plan (TYSP) is to clearly link RD&D mission goals and INL core capabilities with infrastructure requirements (single and multi-program), establish the 10-year end-state vision for INL complexes, identify and prioritize infrastructure and capability gaps, as well as the most efficient and economic approaches to closing those gaps.

Cal Ozaki

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Ne{sup +} ion sputtering effect on amorphous Ga-In-Zn-O thin-film surface investigated by high-resolution XPS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effect of Ne{sup +} ion sputtering on amorphous Ga-In-Zn-O (a-GIZO) thin films was investigated by using surface-sensitive, synchrotron-radiation-based, high-resolution X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). a-GIZO thin films having different compositions (Ga{sub 2}O{sub 3}:In{sub 2}O{sub 3}:ZnO = 1:1:1, 2:2:1, 3:2:1, 4:2:1) were investigated. It was found out that the amounts of the In and Zn contents relative to that of Ga decreased noticeably after sufficient sputtering, and that there occurred a subgap state above the valence band maximum and metallic states at the In 3d and 4d core levels as well as at the Fermi edge.

Kang, Se-Jun; Lee, Mi Ji [Department of Physics, POSTECH, Pohang 790-784 (Korea, Republic of); Baik, Jae Yoon; Kim, Hyeong-Do; Thakur, Anup [Pohang Accelerator Laboratory, POSTECH, Pohang 790-784 (Korea, Republic of); Shin, Hyun-Joon [Department of Physics, POSTECH, Pohang 790-784 (Korea, Republic of); Pohang Accelerator Laboratory, POSTECH, Pohang 790-784 (Korea, Republic of); Chung, JaeGwan; Lee, Eunha; Lee, Jaecheol; Lee, JaeHak [A E Group, Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology, Yongin-si 440-712 (Korea, Republic of)

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ne nh nm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

NH_50m_Wind  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

UnitedStatesWindHighResolutionNewHampshireWindHighResolution.zip> Description: Abstract: Annual average wind resource potential for the state of New...

342

Cryogenic ion implantation near amorphization threshold dose for halo/extension junction improvement in sub-30 nm device technologies  

SciTech Connect

We report on junction advantages of cryogenic ion implantation with medium current implanters. We propose a methodical approach on maximizing cryogenic effects on junction characteristics near the amorphization threshold doses that are typically used for halo implants for sub-30 nm technologies. BF{sub 2}{sup +} implant at a dose of 8 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 13}cm{sup -2} does not amorphize silicon at room temperature. When implanted at -100 Degree-Sign C, it forms a 30 - 35 nm thick amorphous layer. The cryogenic BF{sub 2}{sup +} implant significantly reduces the depth of the boron distribution, both as-implanted and after anneals, which improves short channel rolloff characteristics. It also creates a shallower n{sup +}-p junction by steepening profiles of arsenic that is subsequently implanted in the surface region. We demonstrate effects of implant sequences, germanium preamorphization, indium and carbon co-implants for extension/halo process integration. When applied to sequences such as Ge+As+C+In+BF{sub 2}{sup +}, the cryogenic implants at -100 Degree-Sign C enable removal of Ge preamorphization, and form more active n{sup +}-p junctions and steeper B and In halo profiles than sequences at room temperature.

Park, Hugh; Todorov, Stan; Colombeau, Benjamin; Rodier, Dennis; Kouzminov, Dimitry; Zou Wei; Guo Baonian; Khasgiwale, Niranjan; Decker-Lucke, Kurt [Applied Materials, Varian Semiconductor Equipment, 35 Dory Road, Gloucester, Massachusetts 01930 (United States)

2012-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

343

Sandia Corporation (Albuquerque, NM)  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of designing a primary geometry, such as for a forming die, to be used in a powder pressing application by using a combination of axisymmetric geometric shapes, transition radii, and transition spaces to simulate the geometry where the shapes can be selected from a predetermined list or menu of axisymmetric shapes and then developing a finite element mesh to represent the geometry. This mesh, along with material properties of the component to be designed and powder, is input to a standard deformation finite element code to evaluate the deformation characteristics of the component being designed. The user can develop the geometry interactively with a computer interface in minutes and execute a complete analysis of the deformation characteristics of the simulated component geometry.

Ewsuk, Kevin G. (Albuquerque, NM); Arguello, Jr., Jose G. (Albuquerque, NM)

2006-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

344

Sandia Corporation (Albuquerque, NM)  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A Theoretical Overlay Photographic (TOP) alignment method uses the overlay of a theoretical projected image of a perfectly aligned concentrator on a photographic image of the concentrator to align the mirror facets of a parabolic trough solar concentrator. The alignment method is practical and straightforward, and inherently aligns the mirror facets to the receiver. When integrated with clinometer measurements for which gravity and mechanical drag effects have been accounted for and which are made in a manner and location consistent with the alignment method, all of the mirrors on a common drive can be aligned and optimized for any concentrator orientation.

Diver, Richard B. (Albuquerque, NM)

2010-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

345

Nuclear Energy -- Knowledge Base for Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NE-KAMS) Code Verification and Validation Data Standards and Requirements: Fluid Dynamics Version 1.0  

SciTech Connect

V&V and UQ are the primary means to assess the accuracy and reliability of M&S and, hence, to establish confidence in M&S. Though other industries are establishing standards and requirements for the performance of V&V and UQ, at present, the nuclear industry has not established such standards or requirements. However, the nuclear industry is beginning to recognize that such standards are needed and that the resources needed to support V&V and UQ will be very significant. In fact, no single organization has sufficient resources or expertise required to organize, conduct and maintain a comprehensive V&V and UQ program. What is needed is a systematic and standardized approach to establish and provide V&V and UQ resources at a national or even international level, with a consortium of partners from government, academia and industry. Specifically, what is needed is a structured and cost-effective knowledge base that collects, evaluates and stores verification and validation data, and shows how it can be used to perform V&V and UQ, leveraging collaboration and sharing of resources to support existing engineering and licensing procedures as well as science-based V&V and UQ processes. The Nuclear Energy Knowledge base for Advanced Modeling and Simulation (NE-KAMS) is being developed at the Idaho National Laboratory in conjunction with Bettis Laboratory, Sandia National Laboratories, Argonne National Laboratory, Utah State University and others with the objective of establishing a comprehensive and web-accessible knowledge base to provide V&V and UQ resources for M&S for nuclear reactor design, analysis and licensing. The knowledge base will serve as an important resource for technical exchange and collaboration that will enable credible and reliable computational models and simulations for application to nuclear power. NE-KAMS will serve as a valuable resource for the nuclear industry, academia, the national laboratories, the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and the public and will help ensure the safe, economical and reliable operation of existing and future nuclear reactors.

Greg Weirs; Hyung Lee

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Statistical Modeling of Pipeline Delay and Design of Pipeline under Process Variation to Enhance Yield in sub-100nm Technologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Operating frequency of a pipelined circuit is determined by the delay of the slowest pipeline stage. However, under statistical delay variation in sub-100nm technology regime, the slowest stage is not readily identifiable and the estimation of the pipeline yield with respect to a target delay is a challenging problem. We have proposed analytical models to estimate yield for a pipelined design based on delay distributions of individual pipe stages. Using the proposed models, we have shown that change in logic depth and imbalance between the stage delays can improve the yield of a pipeline. A statistical methodology has been developed to optimally design a pipeline circuit for enhancing yield. Optimization results show that, proper imbalance among the stage delays in a pipeline improves design yield by 9% for the same area and performance (and area reduction by about 8.4% under a yield constraint) over a balanced design.

Datta, Animesh; Mukhopadhyay, Saibal; Banerjee, Nilanjan; Roy, Kaushik

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

A confirmative spin-parity assignment for the key 6.15 MeV state in $^{18}$Ne of astrophysical importance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Proton resonant states in $^{18}$Ne have been investigated by the resonant elastic scattering of $^{17}$F+$p$. The $^{17}$F beam was separated by the CNS radioactive ion beam separator (CRIB), and bombarded a thick H$_2$ gas target at 3.6 MeV/nucleon. The recoiled light particles were measured by using three sets of ${\\Delta}$E-E Si telescope at scattering angles of $\\theta$$_{lab}$$\\approx 3^\\circ$, 10$^\\circ$ and 18$^\\circ$, respectively. Four resonances, {\\it i.e.}, at $E_{x}$=6.15, 6.30, 6.85, and 7.05 MeV, were observed clearly. By $R$-matrix analysis of the excitation functions, $J^{\\pi}$=1$^-$ was firmly assigned to the 6.15 MeV state which is a key state in calculating the reaction rate of $^{14}$O($\\alpha$,$p$)$^{17}$F reaction. This reaction was thought to be one of the most probable key reactions for the breakout from the hot-CNO cycle to the $rp$-process in type I x-ray bursts In addition, a new excited state observed at $E_{x}$=6.85 MeV was tentatively assigned as 0$^{-}$, which could be the analog state of 6.880 MeV, 0$^{-}$ in mirror $^{18}$O.

J. Hu; J. J. He; S. W. Xu; H. Yamaguchi; K. David; P. Ma; J. Su; H. W. Wang; T. Nakao; Y. Wakabayashi; T. Teranishi; J. Y. Moon; H. S. Jung; T. Hashimoto; A. Chen; D. Irvine; S. Kubono

2013-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

348

Re-thinking highest and best use : implementing smart development in support of smart growth : a case study in Santa Fe, NM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper answers the questions "where to develop?", "for whom to develop?", and "what to develop?" from a double bottom line perspective of profit making and social benefit, using a 3-acre property in Santa Fe, NM as an ...

Balkcom, Jennifer K

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Analysis of the efficiency of using 1265-nm cw laser radiation for initiating oxidative stress in the tissue of a solid malignant tumour  

SciTech Connect

The possibility of laser initiation of oxidative stress was studied by the example of the tumour tissue of cervix. The laser facility with the operating wavelength 1265 nm that falls within the region of resonance absorption of molecular oxygen was used for initiation. The source of radiation in the experiments was a fibre SRS laser with the repeated cascade conversion of radiation of a 1125-nm ytterbium laser. (optical fibres, lasers and amplifiers. properties and applications)

Gening, T P; Voronova, O S; Dolgova, D R; Abakumova, T V; Zolotovskii, Igor' O; Sholokhov, E M; Kurkov, Andrei S; Gening, S O

2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

350

Energy for the future with Ris from nuclear power to sustainable energy Ris NatioNal laboRatoRy foR sustaiNable eNeRgy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy for the future ­ with Risø from nuclear power to sustainable energy Risø NatioNal laboRatoRy foR sustaiNable eNeRgy edited by MoRteN JastRup #12;Energy for the future #12;Energy for the future ­ with Risø from nuclear power to sustainable energy Translated from 'Energi til fremtiden ­ med Risø fra

351

Sub-10 nm Platinum Nanocrystals with Size and Shape Control: Catalytic Study for Ethylene and Pyrrole Hydrogenation  

SciTech Connect

Platinum nanocubes and nanopolyhedra with tunable size from 5 to 9 nm were synthesized by controlling the reducing rate of metal precursor ions in a one-pot polyol synthesis. A two-stage process is proposed for the simultaneous control of size and shape. In the first stage, the oxidation state of the metal ion precursors determined the nucleation rate and consequently the number of nuclei. The reaction temperature controlled the shape in the second stage by regulation of the growth kinetics. These well-defined nanocrystals were loaded into MCF-17 mesoporous silica for examination of catalytic properties. Pt loadings and dispersions of the supported catalysts were determined by elemental analysis (ICP-MS) and H2 chemisorption isotherms, respectively. Ethylene hydrogenation rates over the Pt nanocrystals were independent of both size and shape and comparable to Pt single crystals. For pyrrole hydrogenation, the nanocubes enhanced ring-opening ability and thus showed a higher selectivity to n-butylamine as compared to nanopolyhedra.

Tsung, Chia-Kuang; Kuhn, John N.; Huang, Wenyu; Aliaga, Cesar; Hung, Ling-I; Somorjai, Gabor A.; Yang, Peidong

2009-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

352

THE EVOLUTION OF SOLAR FLUX FROM 0.1 nm TO 160 {mu}m: QUANTITATIVE ESTIMATES FOR PLANETARY STUDIES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Understanding changes in the solar flux over geologic time is vital for understanding the evolution of planetary atmospheres because it affects atmospheric escape and chemistry, as well as climate. We describe a numerical parameterization for wavelength-dependent changes to the non-attenuated solar flux appropriate for most times and places in the solar system. We combine data from the Sun and solar analogs to estimate enhanced UV and X-ray fluxes for the young Sun and use standard solar models to estimate changing visible and infrared fluxes. The parameterization, a series of multipliers relative to the modern top of the atmosphere flux at Earth, is valid from 0.1 nm through the infrared, and from 0.6 Gyr through 6.7 Gyr, and is extended from the solar zero-age main sequence to 8.0 Gyr subject to additional uncertainties. The parameterization is applied to a representative modern day flux, providing quantitative estimates of the wavelength dependence of solar flux for paleodates relevant to the evolution of atmospheres in the solar system (or around other G-type stars). We validate the code by Monte Carlo analysis of uncertainties in stellar age and flux, and with comparisons to the solar proxies {kappa}{sup 1} Cet and EK Dra. The model is applied to the computation of photolysis rates on the Archean Earth.

Claire, Mark W. [School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK NR4 7TJ (United Kingdom); Sheets, John; Meadows, Victoria S. [Virtual Planetary Laboratory and Department of Astronomy, University of Washington, Box 351580, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States); Cohen, Martin [Radio Astronomy Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-3411 (United States); Ribas, Ignasi [Institut de Ciencies de l'Espai (CSIC-IEEC), Facultat de Ciencies, Torre C5 parell, 2a pl, Campus UAB, E-08193 Bellaterra (Spain); Catling, David C., E-mail: M.Claire@uea.ac.uk [Virtual Planetary Laboratory and Department of Earth and Space Sciences, University of Washington, Box 351310, Seattle, WA 98195 (United States)

2012-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

353

On the Galactic chemical evolution of sulphur. Sulphur abundances from the [S i] 1082 nm line in giants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Context. The Galactic chemical evolution of sulphur is still under debate. At low metallicities some studies find no correlation between [S/Fe] and [Fe/H], others find [S/Fe] increasing towards lower metallicities, and still others find a combination of the two. Each scenario has different implications for the Galactic chemical evolution of sulphur. Aims. To contribute to the discussion on the Galactic chemical evolution of sulphur by deriving sulphur abundances from non-LTE insensitive spectral diagnostics in Disk and Halo stars with homogeneously determined stellar parameters. Methods. We derive Teff from photometric colours, logg from stellar isochrones and Bayesian estimation, and [Fe/H] and [S/Fe] from spectrum synthesis. We derive [S/Fe] from the [S i] 1082 nm line in 39 mostly cool and metal-poor giants, using 1D LTE MARCS model atmospheres to model our high-resolution NIR spectra obtained with the VLT, NOT and Gemini South telescopes. Results. We derive homogeneous stellar parameters for 29 stars. Our...

Matrozis, E; Dupree, A K

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Development of tandem time-of-flight instrumentation for the examination of prompt photodissociation of peptides using 193-nm radiation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The design and incorporation of a decelerating/accelerating cell into a reflectron time-of-flight mass spectrometer is described for the examination of promptly-formed photodissociation products of peptide ions. The analytical utility of prompt 193-nm photodissociation was investigated for model peptides that resemble tryptic digest products, as well as for two sets of homologous peptides. The first of these sets include bradykinin, several bradykinin fragments, and two bradykinin mutants with substituted amino acids. Fragment ion spectra of [M + H]+, [M + Na]+, and [M + Cu]+ were collected for each of these peptides. The second set of homologous peptides has the sequence XVGVAZG, where variable amino acid X was either arginine, histidine, or lysine, and amino acid Z was either proline, serine, or glycine. Photofragment ion spectra obtained using the new mass spectrometer are compared to results of high energy collision induced dissociation (CID) acquired on a high performance commercial instrument. The advantages and disadvantages of prompt photodissociation relative to CID are discussed, as well as the advantages of photodissociation using the modified instrument geometry versus that of the post-source decay focusing method.

Morgan, Joseph William

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Energy Outlook 2013  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2 2 Regional maps Figure F7. Coal demand regions Figure F7. Coal Demand Regions CT,MA,ME,NH,RI,VT OH 1. NE 3. S1 4. S2 5. GF 6. OH 7. EN AL,MS MN,ND,SD IA,NE,MO,KS TX,LA,OK,AR MT,WY,ID CO,UT,NV AZ,NM 9. AM 11. C2 12. WS 13. MT 14. CU 15. ZN WV,MD,DC,DE 2. YP Region Content Region Code NY,PA,NJ VA,NC,SC GA,FL IN,IL,MI,WI Region Content Region Code 14. CU 13. MT 16. PC 15. ZN 12. WS 11. C2 9. AM 5. GF 8. KT 4. S2 7. EN 6. OH 2. YP 1. NE 3. S1 10. C1 KY,TN 8. KT 16. PC AK,HI,WA,OR,CA 10. C1 CT,MA,ME,NH,RI,VT OH 1. NE 3. S1 4. S2 5. GF 6. OH 7. EN AL,MS MN,ND,SD IA,NE,MO,KS TX,LA,OK,AR MT,WY,ID CO,UT,NV AZ,NM 9. AM 11. C2 12. WS 13. MT 14. CU 15. ZN WV,MD,DC,DE 2. YP Region Content Region Code NY,PA,NJ VA,NC,SC GA,FL IN,IL,MI,WI Region Content Region Code 14. CU 13. MT

356

U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Energy Outlook 2011  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 4 Regional maps Figure F7. Coal demand regions Figure F7. Coal Demand Regions CT,MA,ME,NH,RI,VT OH 1. NE 3. S1 4. S2 5. GF 6. OH 7. EN AL,MS MN,ND,SD IA,NE,MO,KS TX,LA,OK,AR MT,WY,ID CO,UT,NV AZ,NM 9. AM 11. C2 12. WS 13. MT 14. CU 15. ZN WV,MD,DC,DE 2. YP Region Content Region Code NY,PA,NJ VA,NC,SC GA,FL IN,IL,MI,WI Region Content Region Code 14. CU 13. MT 16. PC 15. ZN 12. WS 11. C2 9. AM 5. GF 8. KT 4. S2 7. EN 6. OH 2. YP 1. NE 3. S1 10. C1 KY,TN 8. KT 16. PC AK,HI,WA,OR,CA 10. C1 CT,MA,ME,NH,RI,VT OH 1. NE 3. S1 4. S2 5. GF 6. OH 7. EN AL,MS MN,ND,SD IA,NE,MO,KS TX,LA,OK,AR MT,WY,ID CO,UT,NV AZ,NM 9. AM 11. C2 12. WS 13. MT 14. CU 15. ZN WV,MD,DC,DE 2. YP Region Content Region Code NY,PA,NJ VA,NC,SC GA,FL IN,IL,MI,WI Region Content Region Code 14. CU 13. MT

357

UV LED charge control of an electrically isolated proof mass in a Gravitational Reference Sensor configuration at 255 nm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Precise control over the potential of an electrically isolated proof mass is necessary for the operation of devices such as a Gravitational Reference Sensor (GRS) and satellite missions such as LISA. We show that AlGaN UV LEDs operating at 255 nm are an effective substitute for Mercury vapor lamps used in previous missions because of their ability to withstand space qualification levels of vibration and thermal cycling. After 27 thermal and thermal vacuum cycles and 9 minutes of 14.07 g RMS vibration, there is less than 3% change in current draw, less than 15% change in optical power, and no change in spectral peak or FWHM (full width at half maximum). We also demonstrate UV LED stimulated photoemission from a wide variety of thin film carbide proof mass coating candidates (SiC, Mo2C, TaC, TiC, ZrC) that were applied using electron beam evaporation on an Aluminum 6061-T6 substrate. All tested carbide films have measured quantum efficiencies of 3.8-6.8*10^-7 and reflectivities of 0.11-0.15, which compare favorably with the properties of previously used gold films. We demonstrate the ability to control proof mass potential on an 89 mm diameter spherical proof mass over a 20 mm gap in a GRS-like configuration. Proof mass potential was measured via a non-contact DC probe, which would allow control without introducing dynamic forcing of the spacecraft. Finally we provide a look ahead to an upcoming technology demonstration mission of UV LEDs and future applications toward charge control of electrically isolated proof masses.

Karthik Balakrishnan; Ke-Xun Sun; Abdul Alfauwaz; Ahmad Aljadaan; Mohammed Almajeed; Muflih Alrufaydah; Salman Althubiti; Homoud Aljabreen; Sasha Buchman; Robert L Byer; John Conklin; Daniel DeBra; John Hanson; Eric Hultgren; Turki Al Saud; Seiya Shimizu; Michael Soulage; Andreas Zoellner

2012-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

358

Measurement of intensity-dependent rates of above-threshold ionization (ATI) of atomic hydrogen at 248 nm  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Measured rates of multiphoton ionization (MPI) from the ground state of atomic hydrogen by a linearly polarized, subpicosecond KrF laser pulse at 248 nm wavelength are compared to predictions of lowest-order perturbation theory, Floquet theory, and Keldysh-Faisal-Reiss (KFR) theory with and without Coulomb correction for peak irradiance of 3 {times} 10{sup 12}W/cm{sup 2} to 2 {times} 10{sup 14}W/cm{sup 2}. The Coulomb-corrected Keldysh model falls closest to the measured rates, the others being much higher or much lower. At 5 {times} 10{sup 13}W/cm{sup 2}, the number of ATI electrons decreased by a factor of approximately 40 with each additional photon absorbed. ATI of the molecular hydrogen background and of atoms from photodissociation of the molecules were also observed. The experiment employed a crossed-beam technique at ultrahigh vacuum with an rf-discharge atomic hydrogen source and a magnetic-bottle type electron time-of-flight spectrometer to count the electrons in the different ATI channels separately. The apparatus was calibrated to allow comparison of absolute as well as relative ionization rates to the theoretical predictions. This calibration involved measuring the distribution of irradiance in a focal volume that moved randomly and changed its size from time to time. A data collection system under computer control divided the time-of-flight spectra into bins according to the energy of each laser pulse. This is the first measurement of absolute rates of ATI in atomic hydrogen, and the first measurement of absolute test of MPI in atomic hydrogen without a large factor to account for multiple modes in the laser field. As such, the results of this work are important to the development of ATI theories, which presently differ by orders of magnitude in their prediction of the ionization rates. They are also important to recent calculations of temperatures in laser-heated plasmas, many of which incorporate KFR theory.

Nichols, T.D.

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

The relation of chlorophyll-a concentration with the reflectance peak near 700 nm in algae-dominated waters and sensitivity of fluorescence algorithms for detecting algal bloom  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to investigate the relation of chlorophyll-a concentration with the reflectance peak near 700 nm, reflectance spectra of harmful algal bloom (HAB) species and non-HAB algae were obtained based on in situ measurements in the oceans and cultural ...

Dongzhi Zhao; Xiaogang Xing; Yuguang Liu; Jianhong Yang; Lin Wang

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Renewable Energy Desalination: An Emerging Solution to Close MENA's Water Gap 56th Annual NM Water Conf., New Water New Energy: A Conference Linking Desalination and Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Renewable Energy Desalination: An Emerging Solution to Close MENA's Water Gap 56th Annual NM Water Conf., New Water New Energy: A Conference Linking Desalination and Renewable Energy 45 Renewable Energy and renewable energy to climate change impacts on water and agriculture sectors. Dr. Debele has published

Johnson, Eric E.

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361

The effect of the operation modes of a gas discharge low-pressure amalgam lamp on the intensity of generation of 185 nm UV vacuum radiation  

SciTech Connect

The effect of the discharge current, mercury vapor pressure, and the inert gas pressure on the intensity and efficiency of the 185 nm line generation are considered. The spectra of the UV radiation (vacuum ultraviolet) transmission by protective coatings from the oxides of rare earth metals and aluminum are investigated.

Vasilyak, L. M., E-mail: vasilyak@ihed.ras.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Joint Institute of High Temperatures (Russian Federation); Drozdov, L. A., E-mail: lit@npo.lit.ru; Kostyuchenko, S. V.; Sokolov, D. V. [ZAO LIT (Russian Federation); Kudryavtsev, N. N.; Sobur, D. A., E-mail: soburda@gmail.com [Moscow Institute for Physics and Technology (Russian Federation)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

362

Molecular beam deposition of LaAlO3 on silicon for sub-22nm CMOS technological nodes: Towards a perfect control of the oxide/silicon heterointerface  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work reports on the development of thin amorphous LaAlO"3 (LAO) layers on Si(001) for their integration as gate oxide in sub-22nm CMOS technologies. The crucial influence of the Si surface preparation is highlighted and an optimized surface preparation ... Keywords: Amorphous high-? dielectrics, Interfacial layer, LaAlO3, Molecular beam epitaxy, Surface preparation

S. Pelloquin; L. Becerra; G. Saint-Girons; C. Plossu; N. Baboux; D. Albertini; G. Grenet; G. Hollinger

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Growths of staggered InGaN quantum wells light-emitting diodes emitting at 520525 nm employing graded growth-temperature profile  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Growths of staggered InGaN quantum wells light-emitting diodes emitting at 520­525 nm employing current spreading and light extraction in GaN-based light emitting diodes Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 061107 (2012) Electrically driven nanopyramid green light emitting diode Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 061106 (2012

Gilchrist, James F.

364

Fabrication and characterization of sub-500nm channel organic field effect transistor using UV nanoimprint lithography with cheap Si-mold  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

P-type poly (3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) organic field effect transistors (OFETs) with channel length down to 500nm were fabricated. The gold source and drain electrodes were patterned using UV-based nanoimprint lithography and a lift-off process. To reduce ... Keywords: Lift-off process, Opaque Si-mold, Organic transistor, Short channel effect, UV-nanoimprint lithography

Lichao Teng; Robert Kirchner; Matthias PlTner; Alexander TRke; Andreas Jahn; Jian He; Falk Hagemann; Wolf-Joachim Fischer

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Promotion of Renewable Energies for Water Production through Desalination 56th Annual NM Water Conf., New Water New Energy: A Conference Linking Desalination and Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Promotion of Renewable Energies for Water Production through Desalination 56th Annual NM Water Conf., New Water New Energy: A Conference Linking Desalination and Renewable Energy 11 Promotion of Renewable with is ProDes (Promotion of Renewable Energy for Water production through Desalination), which brought

Johnson, Eric E.

366

Spectral linewidth of a Ne-like Ar capillary discharge soft x-ray laser and its dependence on amplification beyond gain-saturation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report the measurement of the linewidth and temporal coherence of a = 46.9 nm neon-like argon capillary discharge soft x-ray laser and its variation with plasma column length. A wavefront division interferometer was used to resolve the 3p 1S0-3s 1P1 laser line, resulting in a measured relative linewidths of / = 3-4 10 -5. The measurements do not observe saturation re-broadening as this clearly dominantly Doppler-broadened inhomogeneous line is amplified beyond the intensity corresponding to gain saturation. Model simulations indicate that this is the result of comparatively small collisional broadening that homogenizes the line profile to practically eliminate inhomogeneous saturation re-broadening. Collisional re-distribution is computed to only play a minor role in homogenizing the line profile.

Urbanski, Lukasz [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Marconi, Mario [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Meng, L. M. [Colorado State University, Fort Collins; Berrill, Mark A [ORNL; Guilbaud, O. [Universite Paris Sud, Orsay, France; Klisnick, Annie [Universite Paris Sud, Orsay, France; Rocca, Jorge [Colorado State University, Fort Collins

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Hydrogen storage in a combined M.sub.xAlH.sub.6/M'.sub.y(NH.sub.2).sub.z system and methods of making and using the same  

SciTech Connect

As a promising clean fuel for vehicles, hydrogen can be used for propulsion, either directly or in fuel cells. Hydrogen storage compositions having high storage capacity, good dehydrogenation kinetics, and hydrogen release and uptake reactions which are reversible are disclosed and described. Generally a hydrogen storage composition of a metal aluminum hexahydride and a metal amide can be used. A combined system (Li.sub.3AIH.sub.6/3LiNH.sub.2) with a very high inherent hydrogen capacity (7.3 wt %) can be carried out at moderate temperatures, and with approximately 95% of that inherent hydrogen storage capacity (7.0%) is reversible over repeated cycling of release and uptake.

Lu, Jun (Salt Lake City, UT); Fang, Zhigang Zak (Salt Lake City, UT); Sohn, Hong Yong (Salt Lake City, UT)

2012-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

368

Hydrogen storage in a combined M.sub.xAlH.sub.6/M'.sub.y(NH.sub.2).sub.z system and methods of making and using the same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

As a promising clean fuel for vehicles, hydrogen can be used for propulsion, either directly or in fuel cells. Hydrogen storage compositions having high storage capacity, good dehydrogenation kinetics, and hydrogen release and uptake reactions which are reversible are disclosed and described. Generally a hydrogen storage composition of a metal aluminum hexahydride and a metal amide can be used. A combined system (Li.sub.3AIH.sub.6/3LiNH.sub.2) with a very high inherent hydrogen capacity (7.3 wt %) can be carried out at moderate temperatures, and with approximately 95% of that inherent hydrogen storage capacity (7.0%) is reversible over repeated cycling of release and uptake.

Lu, Jun (Salt Lake City, UT); Fang, Zhigang Zak (Salt Lake City, UT); Sohn, Hong Yong (Salt Lake City, UT)

2012-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

369

Mechanochemical transformation of mixtures of Ca(OH){sub 2} and (NH{sub 4}){sub 2}HPO{sub 4} or P{sub 2}O{sub 5}  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A detailed comparative study of the mechanochemical transformation of two mixtures: Ca(OH){sub 2}-(NH{sub 4}){sub 2}HPO{sub 4} and Ca(OH){sub 2}-P{sub 2}O{sub 5}, milled in a mortar dry grinder for different periods of time was carried out. The phase transformations obtained at each milling stage were studied by X-ray diffraction, infrared spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, differential scanning calorimetry and thermogravimetric analysis. The transformations taking place during the first periods of milling are very different for both mixtures. However, prolonged milling, over nearly the same period, causes amorphization of both mixtures. DSC analysis of the milled powders showed the temperature of crystallization of hydroxyapatite and tricalcium phosphate ({beta}-TCP). Calcinations of all the different milled powders at 800 deg. C for 2 h, results in the formation of hydroxyapatite and {beta}-TCP.

Gonzalez, G. [Laboratorio de Materiales, Centro Tecnologico, Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Cientificas. Aptdo. 21827 Caracas 1020-A (Venezuela)]. E-mail: gemagonz@ivic.ve; Sagarzazu, A. [Laboratorio de Materiales, Centro Tecnologico, Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Cientificas. Aptdo. 21827 Caracas 1020-A (Venezuela); Villalba, R. [Laboratorio de Materiales, Centro Tecnologico, Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Cientificas. Aptdo. 21827 Caracas 1020-A (Venezuela)

2006-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

370

SiO{sub 2} nanospheres with tailorable interiors by directly controlling Zn{sup 2+} and NH{sub 3}.H{sub 2}O species in an emulsion process  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

SiO{sub 2} nanospheres with tailorable interiors were synthesized by a facile one-spot microemulsion process using TEOS as silica source, wherein cyclohexane including triton X-100 and n-octanol as oil phase and Zn{sup 2+} or NH{sub 3}.H{sub 2}O aqueous solution as dispersive phase, respectively. The products were characterized by Scanning Electron Microscopy, Transmission Electron Microscopy and X-ray Powder Diffraction. It was suggested that the as-synthesized silica nanospheres possessed grape-stone-like porous or single hollow interior, and also found that the ammonia dosage and aging time played key roles in controlling the size and structure of silica nanospheres. Furthermore, the comparative results confirmed that in-situ zinc species [ZnO/Zn(OH){sub 2}] acted as the temporary templates to construct grape-stone-like interior, and a simultaneously competing etching process occurred owing to the soluble Zn(NH{sub 3}){sub 4}{sup 2+} complex formation while the additional excessive ammonia was introduced. With the aging time being extended, the in-situ nanocrystals tended to grow into bigger ones by Ostwald Ripening, producing single hollow interior. - Graphical Abstract: Formation process of SiO{sub 2} nanospheres with porous and single hollow interior. Highlights: > ZnO/Zn(OH){sub 2} nanocrystals as the temporary templates shape the interior structures of SiO{sub 2} nanospheres. > Fabrication of porous and single hollow interiors needs no additional processes such as roasting or dissolving. > Tailorable interiors can be easily obtained through adjusting the aging time of temporary templates.

Liao Yuchao [State Key Laboratory of Multiphase Complex Systems, Institute of Process Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Wu Xiaofeng [State Key Laboratory of Multiphase Complex Systems, Institute of Process Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Wang Zhen [State Key Laboratory of Multiphase Complex Systems, Institute of Process Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Chen Yunfa, E-mail: yfchen@home.ipe.ac.cn [State Key Laboratory of Multiphase Complex Systems, Institute of Process Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

371

Dependence of Gas-Phase Crotonaldehyde Hydrogenation Selectivity and Activity on the Size of Pt Nanoparticles (1.7-7.1 nm) Supported on SBA-15  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The selectivity and activity for the hydrogenation of crotonaldehyde to crotyl alcohol and butyraldehyde was studied over a series of Pt nanoparticles (diameter of 1.7, 2.9, 3.6, and 7.1 nm). The nanoparticles were synthesized by the reduction of chloroplatinic acid by alcohol in the presence of poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP), followed by encapsulation into mesoporous SBA-15 silica. The rate of crotonaldehyde hydrogenation and selectivity towards crotyl alcohol both increase with increasing particle size. The selectivity towards crotyl alcohol increased from 13.7 % to 33.9 % (8 Torr crotonaldehyde, 160 Torr H{sub 2} and 353 K), while the turnover frequency increases from 2.1 x 10{sup -2} s{sup -1} to 4.8 x 10{sup -2} s{sup -1} with an increase in the particle size from 1.7 nm to 7.1 nm. The decarbonylation pathway to form propene and CO is enhanced over the higher proportion of coordinatively unsaturated sites on the smaller nanoparticles. The apparent activation energy remains constant ({approx} 16 kcal mol{sup -1} for the formation of butyraldehyde and {approx} 8 kcal mol{sup -1} for the formation of crotyl alcohol) as a function of particle size. In the presence of 130-260 mTorr CO, the reaction rate decreases for all products with a CO reaction order of -0.9 for crotyl alcohol and butyraldehyde over 7.1 nm Pt particles; over 1.7 nm Pt particles, the order in CO is -1.4 and -0.9, respectively. Hydrogen reduction at 673 K after calcination in oxygen results in increased activity and selectivity relative to reduction at either higher or lower temperature; this is discussed with regards to the incomplete removal and/or change in morphology of the polymeric surface stabilizing agent, poly(vinylpyrrolidone) used for the synthesis of the Pt nanoparticles.

Grass, Michael; Rioux, Robert; Somorjai, Gabor A.

2008-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

372

Research Needs for Fusion-Fission Hybrid Systems. Report of the Research Needs Workshop (ReNeW) Gaithersburg, Maryland, September 30 - October 2, 2009  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Largely in anticipation of a possible nuclear renaissance, there has been an enthusiastic renewal of interest in the fusion-fission hybrid concept, driven primarily by some members of the fusion community. A fusion-fission hybrid consists of a neutron-producing fusion core surrounded by a fission blanket. Hybrids are of interest because of their potential to address the main long-term sustainability issues related to nuclear power: fuel supply, energy production, and waste management. As a result of this renewed interest, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), with the participation of the Office of Fusion Energy Sciences (OFES), Office of Nuclear Energy (NE), and National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), organized a three-day workshop in Gaithersburg, Maryland, from September 30 through October 2, 2009. Participants identified several goals. At the highest level, it was recognized that DOE does not currently support any R&D in the area of fusion-fission hybrids. The question to be addressed was whether or not hybrids offer sufficient promise to motivate DOE to initiate an R&D program in this area. At the next level, the workshop participants were asked to define the research needs and resources required to move the fusion-fission concept forward. The answer to the high-level question was given in two ways. On the one hand, when viewed as a standalone concept, the fusion-fission hybrid does indeed offer the promise of being able to address the sustainability issues associated with conventional nuclear power. On the other hand, when participants were asked whether these hybrid solutions are potentially more attractive than contemplated pure fission solutions (that is, fast burners and fast breeders), there was general consensus that this question could not be quantitatively answered based on the known technical information. Pure fission solutions are based largely on existing both fusion and nuclear technology, thereby prohibiting a fair side-by-side comparison. Another important issue addressed at the conference was the time scale on which long-term sustainability issues must be solved. There was a wide diversity of opinion and no consensus was possible. One group, primarily composed of members of the fission community, argued that the present strategies with respect to waste management (on-site storage) and fuel supply (from natural uranium) would suffice for at least 50 years, with the main short-term problem being the economics of light water reactors (LWRs). Many from the fusion community believed that the problems, particularly waste management, were of a more urgent nature and that we needed to address them sooner rather than later. There was rigorous debate on all the issues before, during, and after the workshop. Based on this debate, the workshop participants developed a set of high-level Findings and Research Needs and a companion set of Technical Findings and Research Needs. In the context of the Executive Summary it is sufficient to focus on the high-level findings which are summarized.

None

2009-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

373

Optical modulation at around 1550 nm in a InGaAlAs optical waveguide containing a InGaAs/AlAs resonant tunnelling diode  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report electro-absorption modulation of light at around 1550 nm in a unipolar InGaAlAs optical waveguide containing a InGaAs/AlAs double-barrier resonant tunneling diode (DB-RTD). The RTD peak-to-valley transition increases the electric field across the waveguide, which shifts the core material absorption band-edge to longer wavelengths via the Franz-Keldysh effect, thus changing the light-guiding characteristics of the waveguide. Low-frequency characterisation of a device shows modulation up to 28 dB at 1565 nm. When dc biased close to the negative differential conductance (NDC) region, the RTD optical waveguide behaves as an electro-absorption modulator integrated with a wide bandwidth electrical amplifier, offering a potential advantage over conventional pn modulators.

Figueiredo, J M L; Stanley, C R; Ironside, C N; McMeekin, S G; Leite, A M P

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Subpicosecond 41.8-nm X-ray laser in the plasma produced by femtosecond laser irradiation of a xenon cluster jet  

SciTech Connect

Model calculations are performed of the radiation gain for the 4d5d (J = 0) - 4d5p (J = 1) transition with a wavelength of 41.8 nm in Pd-like xenon ions in the plasma produced by femtosecond laser irradiation of a xenon cluster jet. Conditions for the excitation of an ultrashort-pulse ({approx}1 ps) X-ray laser are discussed. (lasers)

Ivanova, E P [Institute of Spectroscopy, Russian Academy of Sciences, Troitsk, Moscow region (Russian Federation)

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

375

Fabrication of nanoscale patterns in lithium fluoride crystal using a 13.5 nm Schwarzschild objective and a laser produced plasma source  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lithium fluoride (LiF) crystal is a radiation sensitive material widely used as EUV and soft x-ray detector. The LiF-based detector has high resolution, in principle limited by the point defect size, large field of view, and wide dynamic range. Using LiF crystal as an imaging detector, a resolution of 900 nm was achieved by a projection imaging of test meshes with a Schwarzschild objective operating at 13.5 nm. In addition, by imaging of a pinhole illuminated by the plasma, an EUV spot of 1.5 {mu}m diameter in the image plane of the objective was generated, which accomplished direct writing of color centers with resolution of 800 nm. In order to avoid sample damage and contamination due to the influence of huge debris flux produced by the plasma source, a spherical normal-incidence condenser was used to collect EUV radiation. Together with a description of experimental results, the development of the Schwarzschild objective, the influence of condenser on energy density and the alignment of the imaging system are also reported.

Wang Xin [Key Laboratory of Advanced Micro-structured Materials, MOE, Department of Physics, Institute of Precision Optical Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092 (China); School of Aerospace Engineering and Applied Mechanics, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092 (China); Mu Baozhong; Jiang Li; Zhu Jingtao; Yi Shengzhen; Wang Zhanshan [Key Laboratory of Advanced Micro-structured Materials, MOE, Department of Physics, Institute of Precision Optical Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092 (China); He Pengfei [School of Aerospace Engineering and Applied Mechanics, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092 (China)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

376

"1. Four Corners","Coal","Arizona Public Service Co",2100 "2. San Juan","Coal","Public Service Co of NM",1643  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Mexico" Mexico" "1. Four Corners","Coal","Arizona Public Service Co",2100 "2. San Juan","Coal","Public Service Co of NM",1643 "3. Luna Energy Facility","Gas","Public Service Co of NM",559 "4. Hobbs Generating Station","Gas","CAMS NM LLC",526 "5. Cunningham","Gas","Southwestern Public Service Co",480 "6. Escalante","Coal","Tri-State G & T Assn, Inc",247 "7. Rio Grande","Gas","El Paso Electric Co",236 "8. Afton Generating Station","Gas","Public Service Co of NM",236 "9. New Mexico Wind Energy Center","Other Renewables","FPL Energy New Mexico Wind LLC",204

377

Examination and experimental constraints of the stellar reaction rate factor $N_A $ of the $^{18}$Ne($?$,$p$)$^{21}$Na reaction at temperatures of X-Ray Bursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The $^{18}$Ne($\\alpha$,$p$)$^{21}$Na reaction is one key for the break-out from the hot CNO-cycles to the $rp$-process. Recent papers have provided reaction rate factors $N_A $ which are discrepant by at least one order of magnitude. The compatibility of the latest experimental results is tested, and a partial explanation for the discrepant $N_A$ is given. A new rate factor is derived from the combined analysis of all available data. The new rate factor is located slightly below the higher rate factor by Matic {\\it et al.}\\ at low temperatures and significantly below at higher temperatures whereas it is about a factor of five higher than the lower rate factor recently published by Salter {\\it et al.}

P. Mohr; A. Matic

2013-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

378

Heavy isotope production by multinucleon transfer reactions with /sup 254/Es. [101 MeV /sup 16/O, 98 MeV /sup 18/O, 127 MeV /sup 22/Ne  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fast automated on-line and quasi-on-line radiochemical techniques were applied to search for new isotopes, to measure their decay characteristics, and to study the cross sections of the heaviest, most neutron-rich actinide isotopes in reactions of /sup 16,18/O and /sup 22/Ne projectiles with /sup 254/Es as a target. The measured yields for isotopes up to Lr-260 are three or more orders of magnitude higher than in any other reaction used so far. A comparison with data for similar transfers from /sup 248/Cm targets is made. Transfer cross sections are extrapolated for the production of unknown, neutron-rich isotopes of elements 101 through 105, and the unique potential of /sup 254/Es as a target to make these exoctic nuclei accessible is demonstrated. 18 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

Schaedel, M.; Bruechle, W.; Bruegger, M.; Gaeggeler, H.; Moody, K.J.; Schardt, D.; Suemmerer, K.; Hulet, E.K.; Douran, A.D.; Dougan, R.J.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Observation of coupled vortex gyrations by 70-ps-time and 20-nm-space- resolved full-field magnetic transmission soft x-ray microscopy  

SciTech Connect

We employed time-and space-resolved full-field magnetic transmission soft x-ray microscopy to observe vortex-core gyrations in a pair of dipolar-coupled vortex-state Permalloy (Ni{sub 80}Fe{sub 20}) disks. The 70 ps temporal and 20 nm spatial resolution of the microscope enabled us to simultaneously measure vortex gyrations in both disks and to resolve the phases and amplitudes of both vortex-core positions. We observed their correlation for a specific vortex-state configuration. This work provides a robust and direct method of studying vortex gyrations in dipolar-coupled vortex oscillators.

Jung, Hyunsung; Yu, Young-Sang; Lee, Ki-Suk; Im, Mi-Young; Fischer, Peter; Bocklage, Lars; Vogel, Andreas; Bolte, Markus; Meier, Guido; Kim, Sang-Koog

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

NGA_99fin.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC 0.00-1.99 2.00-2.99 3.00-3.99 4.00-4.99 5.00-5.99 6.00-6.99 7.00+ NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC 0.00-1.99 2.00-2.99 3.00-3.99 4.00-4.99 5.00-5.99 6.00-6.99 7.00+ 18. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Onsystem Industrial Consumers, 1999 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure 19. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Electric Utilities, 1999 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure Sources: Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), Form FERC-423, "Monthly Report of Cost and Quality of Fuels for Electric Plants," and Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental

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381

C:\ANNUAL\VENTCHAP.V8\NGAla1109.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Energy Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Annual 2000 NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC Note: Commercial prices include natural gas delivered for use as vehicle fuel. Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." 0.00-1.99 2.00-3.99 4.00-5.99 6.00-7.99 8.00-9.99 10.00-11.99 12.00+ 0.00-1.99 2.00-3.99 4.00-5.99 6.00-7.99 8.00-9.99 10.00-11.99 12.00+ 17. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Residential

382

NGA98fin5.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC 0.00-1.99 2.00-2.99 3.00-3.99 4.00-4.99 5.00-5.99 6.00-6.99 7.00+ NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC 0.00-1.99 2.00-2.99 3.00-3.99 4.00-4.99 5.00-5.99 6.00-6.99 7.00+ 18. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Onsystem Industrial Consumers, 1998 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure 19. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Electric Utilities, 1998 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure Sources: Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), Form FERC-423, "Monthly Report of Cost and Quality of Fuels for Electric Plants," and Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental

383

C:\ANNUAL\VENTCHAP.V8\NGAla1109.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2000 2000 NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC 0.00-1.99 2.00-3.99 4.00-5.99 6.00-7.99 8.00-9.99 10.00-11.99 12.00+ NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC 0.00-1.99 2.00-3.99 4.00-5.99 6.00-7.99 8.00-99.99 10.00-11.99 12.00+ 19. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Onsystem Industrial Consumers, 2000 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure 20. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Electric Utilities, 2000 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure Sources: Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), Form FERC-423, "Monthly Report of Cost and Quality of Fuels for Electric Plants," and Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural

384

C:\Annual\VENTCHAP.V8\NGA02.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2002 2002 0.00-1.99 2.00-3.99 4.00-5.99 6.00-7.99 8.00-9.99 10.00-11.99 12.00+ WA ID MT OR CA NV UT AZ NM CO WY ND SD MN WI NE IA KS MO TX IL IN OH MI OK AR TN W VA KY MD PA WI NY VT NH MA CT ME RI NJ DE DC NC SC GA AL MS LA FL HI AK Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition," and Form EIA 910, "Monthly Natural Gas Marketer Survey." 17. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Commercial Consumers, 2002 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure 0.00-1.99 2.00-3.99 4.00-5.99 6.00-7.99 8.00-9.99 10.00-11.99 12.00+ WA ID MT OR CA NV UT AZ NM CO WY ND SD MN WI NE IA KS MO TX IL IN OH MI OK AR TN W VA KY MD PA WI NY VT NH MA CT ME RI NJ DE DC NC SC GA AL MS LA FL HI AK 16. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Residential Consumers, 2002 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure Source: Energy Information Administration

385

Microsoft Word - Figure_18_19.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 0.00-2.49 2.50-4.49 4.50-6.49 6.50-8.49 8.50-10.49 10.50+ WA ID MT OR CA NV UT AZ NM CO WY ND SD MN WI NE IA KS MO TX IL IN OH MI OK AR TN WV VA KY PA WI NY VT NH MA CT ME RI NJ DE DC NC SC GA AL MS LA FL HI AK MD 0.00-2.49 2.50-4.49 4.50-6.49 6.50-8.49 8.50-10.49 10.50+ WA ID MT OR CA NV UT AZ NM CO WY ND SD MN WI NE IA KS MO TX IL IN OH MI OK AR TN WV VA KY MD PA WI NY VT NH MA CT ME RI NJ DE DC NC SC GA AL MS LA FL HI AK Figure 18. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Onsystem Industrial Consumers, 2004 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure 19. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Electric Power Consumers, 2004 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." Note: States where the electric power price has been withheld (see Table 23) are included in the $0.00-$2.49 price category.

386

Microsoft Word - NGAMaster_State_TablesNov12.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

49 49 0.00-1.99 2.00-3.99 4.00-5.99 6.00-7.99 8.00-9.99 10.00-11.99 12.00+ WA ID MT OR CA NV UT AZ NM CO WY ND SD MN WI NE IA KS MO TX IL IN OH MI OK AR TN WV VA KY PA WI NY VT NH MA CT ME RI NJ DE DC NC SC GA AL MS LA FL HI AK MD 0.00-1.99 2.00-3.99 4.00-5.99 6.00-7.99 8.00-9.99 10.00-11.99 12.00+ WA ID MT OR CA NV UT AZ NM CO WY ND SD MN WI NE IA KS MO TX IL IN OH MI OK AR TN WV VA KY MD PA WI NY VT NH MA CT ME RI NJ DE DC NC SC GA AL MS LA FL HI AK Figure 18. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Onsystem Industrial Consumers, 2003 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure 19. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Electric Power Consumers, 2003 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." Note: States where the electric power price has been withheld (see Table 23) are included in the $0.00-$1.99 price category.

387

C:\Annual\VENTCHAP.V8\NGA02.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2 2 0.00-1.99 2.00-3.99 4.00-5.99 6.00-7.99 8.00-9.99 10.00-11.99 12.00+ WA ID MT OR CA NV UT AZ NM CO WY ND SD MN WI NE IA KS MO TX IL IN OH MI OK AR TN W VA KY MD PA WI NY VT NH MA CT ME RI NJ DE DC NC SC GA AL MS LA FL HI AK 18. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Onsystem Industrial Consumers, 2002 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." 0.00-1.99 2.00-3.99 4.00-5.99 6.00-7.99 8.00-9.99 10.00-11.99 12.00+ WA ID MT OR CA NV UT AZ NM CO WY ND SD MN WI NE IA KS MO TX IL IN OH MI OK AR TN W VA KY MD PA WI NY VT NH MA CT ME RI NJ DE DC NC SC GA AL MS LA FL HI AK 19. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Electric Utilities, 2002 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure Sources: Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), Form FERC-423, "Monthly Report of Cost

388

NGA_99fin.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC Note: Commercial prices include natural gas delivered for use as vehicle fuel. Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." 0.00-1.99 2.00-2.99 3.00-3.99 4.00-4.99 5.00-5.99 6.00-6.99 7.00+ 0.00-1.99 2.00-2.99 3.00-3.99 4.00-4.99 5.00-5.99 6.00-6.99 7.00+ 16. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Residential Consumers, 1999 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure

389

C:\ANNUAL\VENTCHAP.V8\NGA.VP  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC Note: Commercial prices include natural gas delivered for use as vehicle fuel. Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." 0.00-1.99 2.00-2.99 3.00-3.99 4.00-4.99 5.00-5.99 6.00-6.99 7.00+ 0.00-1.99 2.00-2.99 3.00-3.99 4.00-4.99 5.00-5.99 6.00-6.99 7.00+ 16. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Residential Consumers, 1997 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure

390

C:\ANNUAL\VENTCHAP.V8\NewNGA02.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2001 2001 0.00-1.99 2.00-3.99 4.00-5.99 6.00-7.99 8.00-9.99 10.00-11.99 12.00+ WA ID MT OR CA NV UT AZ NM CO WY ND SD MN WI NE IA KS MO TX IL IN OH MI OK AR TN W VA KY MD PA WI NY VT NH MA CT ME RI NJ DE DC NC SC GA AL MS LA FL HI AK Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." 28. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Onsystem Residential Consumers, 2001 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure 0.00-1.99 2.00-3.99 4.00-5.99 6.00-7.99 8.00-9.99 10.00-11.99 12.00+ WA ID MT OR CA NV UT AZ NM CO WY ND SD MN WI NE IA KS MO TX IL IN OH MI OK AR TN W VA KY MD PA WI NY VT NH MA CT ME RI NJ DE DC NC SC GA AL MS LA FL HI AK Note: Commercial prices include natural gas delivered for use as vehicle fuel. Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition."

391

NGA98fin5.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1998 1998 NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC Note: Commercial prices include natural gas delivered for use as vehicle fuel. Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." 0.00-1.99 2.00-2.99 3.00-3.99 4.00-4.99 5.00-5.99 6.00-6.99 7.00+ 0.00-1.99 2.00-2.99 3.00-3.99 4.00-4.99 5.00-5.99 6.00-6.99 7.00+ 16. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Residential Consumers, 1998 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure

392

C:\ANNUAL\VENTCHAP.V8\NewNGA02.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2001 2001 0.00-1.99 2.00-3.99 4.00-5.99 6.00-7.99 8.00-9.99 10.00-11.99 12.00+ WA ID MT OR CA NV UT AZ NM CO WY ND SD MN WI NE IA KS MO TX IL IN OH MI OK AR TN W VA KY MD PA WI NY VT NH MA CT ME RI NJ DE DC NC SC GA AL MS LA FL HI AK Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." 30. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Onsystem Industrial Consumers, 2001 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure 0.00-1.99 2.00-3.99 4.00-5.99 6.00-7.99 8.00-9.99 10.00-11.99 12.00+ WA ID MT OR CA NV UT AZ NM CO WY ND SD MN WI NE IA KS MO TX IL IN OH MI OK AR TN W VA KY MD PA WI NY VT NH MA CT ME RI NJ DE DC NC SC GA AL MS LA FL HI AK 31. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Electric Utilities, 2001 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure Sources: Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), Form FERC-423, "Monthly Report of

393

Measurement of 100 nm and 60 nm Particle Standards by ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The voltage is increased, and the droplets are observed through the viewing win- dow illuminated by a light emitting diode. ...

2006-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

394

Diffraction efficiency of 200-nm-period critical-angle transmission gratings in the soft x-ray and extreme ultraviolet wavelength bands  

SciTech Connect

We report on measurements of the diffraction efficiency of 200-nm-period freestanding blazed transmission gratings for wavelengths in the 0.96 to 19.4 nm range. These critical-angle transmission (CAT) gratings achieve highly efficient blazing over a broad band via total external reflection off the sidewalls of smooth, tens of nanometer thin ultrahigh aspect-ratio silicon grating bars and thus combine the advantages of blazed x-ray reflection gratings with those of more conventional x-ray transmission gratings. Prototype gratings with maximum depths of 3.2 and 6 {mu}m were investigated at two different blaze angles. In these initial CAT gratings the grating bars are monolithically connected to a cross support mesh that only leaves less than half of the grating area unobstructed. Because of our initial fabrication approach, the support mesh bars feature a strongly trapezoidal cross section that leads to varying CAT grating depths and partial absorption of diffracted orders. While theory predicts broadband absolute diffraction efficiencies as high as 60% for ideal CAT gratings without a support mesh, experimental results show efficiencies in the range of {approx}50-100% of theoretical predictions when taking the effects of the support mesh into account. Future minimization of the support mesh therefore promises broadband CAT grating absolute diffraction efficiencies of 50% or higher.

Heilmann, Ralf K.; Ahn, Minseung; Bruccoleri, Alex; Chang, Chih-Hao; Gullikson, Eric M.; Mukherjee, Pran; Schattenburg, Mark L.

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

NH Acid Rain Control Act (New Hampshire)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Act is implemented under New Hampshire's acid deposition control program established under the Rules to Control Air Pollution in Chapter Env-A 400. The goal of the Act is to reduce emissions...

396

Export.gov - NH Our Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Identify potential partners. Market your firm directly to local companies. Partner Search Identify potential partners and get detailed company reports. Determine the...

397

Pittsburg, NH Natural Gas Exports to Canada  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

56,879 39,438 26,767 18,297 19,826 47,451 1998-2012 Pipeline Prices 7.52 9.72 5.04 5.48 5.45 4.08 1998...

398

Pittsburg, NH Natural Gas Exports to Canada  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Pipeline Volumes 0 64 0 0 336 199 2007-2012 Pipeline Prices -- 7.61 -- -- 7.54 2.62 2007-2012...

399

Please cite this article in press as: Gilfillan, S.M.V., et al., He and Ne as tracers of natural CO2 migration up a fault from a deep reservoir. Int. J. Greenhouse Gas Control (2011), doi:10.1016/j.ijggc.2011.08.008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Greenhouse Gas Control journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/ijggc He and Ne as tracers of natural CO22 Noble gases Carbon isotopes Geological storage of CO2 Natural analogues a b s t r a c t Capture that could arise from a diffuse leakage of CO2 from a storage site. This is because there are many natural

400

Sub-250 nm room-temperature optical gain from AlGaN/AlN multiple quantum wells with strong band-structure potential fluctuations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Deep-UV optical gain has been demonstrated in Al{sub 0.7}Ga{sub 0.3}N/AlN multiple quantum wells under femtosecond optical pumping. Samples were grown by molecular beam epitaxy under a growth mode that introduces band structure potential fluctuations and high-density nanocluster-like features within the AlGaN wells. A maximum net modal gain value of 118 {+-} 9 cm{sup -1} has been measured and the transparency threshold of 5 {+-} 1 {mu}J/cm{sup 2} was experimentally determined, corresponding to 1.4 x 10{sup 17} cm{sup -3} excited carriers. These findings pave the way for the demonstration of solid-state lasers with sub-250 nm emission at room temperature.

Francesco Pecora, Emanuele; Zhang Wei; Nikiforov, A.Yu.; Yin Jian; Paiella, Roberto; Dal Negro, Luca; Moustakas, T. D. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and Photonics Center, Boston University, 8 Saint Mary's Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02215 (United States); Zhou Lin; Smith, David J. [Department of Physics, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287 (United States)

2012-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ne nh nm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

A library of high resolution synthetic stellar spectra from 300nm to 1.8 micron with solar and alpha-enhanced composition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Libraries of stellar spectra are fundamental tools for the study of stellar populations and both empirical and synthetic libraries have been used for this purpose. In this paper, a new library of high resolution synthetic spectra is presented, ranging from the near-ultraviolet (300nm) to the near-infrared (1.8${\\rm \\mu}$m). The library spans all the stellar types that are relevant to the integrated light of old and intermediate-age stellar populations in the involved spectral region (spectral types F through M and all luminosity classes). The grid was computed for metallicities ranging from [Fe/H] = --2.5 to +0.5, including both solar and $\\alpha$-enhanced ([$\\alpha$/Fe] = 0.4) chemical compositions. The synthetic spectra are a good match to observations of stars throughout the stellar parameter space encompassed by the library and over the whole spectral region covered by the computations.

P. Coelho; B. Barbuy; J. Melendez; R. Schiavon; B. Castilho

2005-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

402

Strain mapping with nm-scale resolution for the silicon-on-insulator generation of semiconductor devices by advanced electron microscopy  

SciTech Connect

Strain engineering in the conduction channel is a cost effective method of boosting the performance in state-of-the-art semiconductor devices. However, given the small dimensions of these devices, it is difficult to quantitatively measure the strain with the required spatial resolution. Three different transmission electron microscopy techniques, high-angle annular dark field scanning transmission electron microscopy, dark field electron holography, and nanobeam electron diffraction have been applied to measure the strain in simple bulk and SOI calibration specimens. These techniques are then applied to different gate length SiGe SOI pFET devices in order to measure the strain in the conduction channel. For these devices, improved spatial resolution is required, and strain maps with spatial resolutions as good as 1 nm have been achieved. Finally, we discuss the relative advantages and disadvantages of using these three different techniques when used for strain measurement.

Cooper, David; Denneulin, Thibaud; Barnes, Jean-Paul; Hartmann, Jean-Michel; Hutin, Louis; Le Royer, Cyrille [CEA, LETI France MINATEC Campus, 17 rue des Martyrs, 38054 Grenoble Cedex 9 (France); Beche, Armand [CEA, LETI, and FEI France MINATEC Campus, 17 rue des Martyrs, 38054 Grenoble Cedex 9 (France); Rouviere, Jean-Luc [CEA, INAC, MINATEC Campus, 17 rue des Martyrs, 38054 Grenoble Cedex 9 (France)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

403

Atomic gas temperature in a nonequilibrium high-intensity discharge lamp determined from the red wing of the resonance mercury line 254 nm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For developing low-wattage high intensity discharge (HID) lamps, a better understanding of the relatively unexplored nonequilibrium phenomena is essential. This needs interpretation of diagnostic results by methods free from equilibrium assumptions. In this paper, the atomic temperature is determined from the simulation of a quasistatic broadened resonance line by distinguishing between atomic temperature and excitation temperature in the equation of radiative transfer. The proposed method is applied to the red wing of the resonance mercury line 254 nm emitted from a HID lamp working on ac. The experimental results show severe deviation from local thermodynamic equilibrium. More than one thousand degrees difference was obtained between atomic and electron temperatures at the maximum current phase.

Drakakis, E. [Technological Educational Institute, Department of Electrical Engineering, 71004 Heraklion (Greece); Karabourniotis, D. [Institute of Plasma Physics, Department of Physics, University of Crete, 71003 Heraklion (Greece)

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Importance of energy efficiency in the design of the Process and Environmental Technology Laboratory (PETL) at Sandia National Laboratories, New Mexico (NM)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As part of the design of the Process and Environmental Technology Laboratory (PETL) in FY97, an energy conservation report (ECR) was completed. The original energy baseline for the building, established in Title 1 design, was 595,000 BTU/sq. ft./yr, site energy use. Following the input of several reviewers and the incorporation of the various recommendations into the Title 2 design, the projected energy consumption was reduced to 341,000 BTU/sq. ft./yr. Of this reduction, it is estimated that about 150,000 BTU/sq. ft./yr resulted from inclusion of more energy efficient options into the design. The remaining reductions resulted from better accounting of energy consumption between Title 1 ECR and the final ECR. The energy efficient features selected by the outcome of the ECR were: (1) Energy Recovery system, with evaporative cooling assist, for the Exhaust/Make-up Air System; (2) Chilled Water Thermal Storage system; (3) Premium efficiency motors for large, year-round applications; (4) Variable frequency drives for all air handling fan motors; (4) Premium efficiency multiple boiler system; and (5) Lighting control system. The annual energy cost savings due to these measures will be about $165,000. The estimated annual energy savings are two million kWhrs electric, and 168,000 therms natural gas, the total of which is equivalent to 23,000 million BTUs per year. Put into the perspective of a typical office/light lab at SNL/NM, the annual energy savings is equal the consumption of a 125,000 square foot building. The reduced air emissions are approximately 2,500 tons annually.

Wrons, R.

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

NE Press Releases | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

March 23, 2010 March 23, 2010 DOE Announces Cooperative Agreement with USEC for American Centrifuge Demonstration Project The U.S. Department of Energy today announced that it finalized a cost-shared $90 million cooperative agreement with USEC Inc. to provide support for the continued development and demonstration of the American Centrifuge technology. March 17, 2010 U.S. and India hold the Third Meeting of the Indo-United States Civil Nuclear Energy Working Group India hosted the third meeting of the Indo-United States Civil Nuclear Energy Working Group in Mumbai, on Feb. 3-4, 2010. March 17, 2010 INL User Facility welcomes three new experiments The number of universities conducting nuclear energy experiments in Idaho National Laboratory's one-of-a-kind research reactor has now reached an

406

NE Press Releases | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

February 17, 2010 February 17, 2010 Deputy Secretary Poneman Addresses Nuclear Deterrence Summit Alexandria, VA - U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman today addressed the opening session of the second annual Nuclear Deterrence Summit and discussed the Department of Energy's commitment to helping achieve the President's goals of reducing nuclear dangers and expanding the use of nuclear energy in a manner that minimizes the risks of proliferation. The Deputy Secretary also spoke about the Department's commitment to management excellence. February 16, 2010 Obama Administration Announces Loan Guarantees to Construct New Nuclear Power Reactors in Georgia President Obama today announced that the Department of Energy has offered conditional commitments for a total of $8.33 billion in loan guarantees for

407

NE Blog Archive | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

June 1, 2012 June 1, 2012 Navy personnel stationed in Idaho Falls, Idaho, in the mid 1950s learn how to operate the Nautilus S1W, the prototype of the Navy's first nuclear-powered submarine. | Photo courtesy of Idaho National Laboratory Veteran Leadership Strong at Idaho's Laboratory Idaho National Lab has played a large role in building fission reactors for Navy vessels - and then training those military personnel on how to use the equipment. February 15, 2012 Secretary Chu traveled to Waynesboro, Georgia, to visit the Vogtle nuclear power plant, the site of what will be the first new nuclear reactors to be built in the United States in three decades. | Image credit: Southern Company. Secretary Chu Visits Vogtle Nuclear Power Plant Secretary Chu traveled to Waynesboro, Georgia, to visit the Vogtle nuclear

408

NE Press Releases | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

April 15, 2011 April 15, 2011 Dr. Peter B. Lyons Confirmed as Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Energy Washington, D.C. - Dr. Peter B. Lyons was confirmed by the Senate on Thursday, April 14, as the Department of Energy's Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Energy. February 28, 2011 U.S. Department of Energy Issues Fiscal Year 2011 Funding Opportunity Announcements to Enhance Nuclear Energy Education Infrastructure The U.S. Department of Energy today announced two new fiscal year 2011 Funding Opportunity Announcements to support university and college efforts to build or expand their school's nuclear science and engineering basic research or education capabilities. February 18, 2011 Department of Energy Issues Call for Proposals to U.S. Universities for Nuclear Energy-Related Integrated Research Project Proposals

409

NE Press Releases | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

September 27, 2012 Energy Department Announces New Investments in University-Led Nuclear Energy Innovation Three University-Led Projects to Develop Next Generation Technologies,...

410

NE Press Releases | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

next generation of nuclear scientists and engineers. May 6, 2009 Secretary Chu Announces Funding for 71 University-Led Nuclear Research and Development Projects U.S. Energy...

411

NE Press Releases | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

July 8, 2010 July 8, 2010 Department of Energy Announces more than $18 Million to Strengthen Nuclear Education at U.S. Universities and Colleges Awards $5 million for 117 scholarships and fellowships, and $13.2 million for infrastructure upgrades for university nuclear programs June 21, 2010 Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Steering Group Members Approve Transformation to the International Framework for Nuclear Energy Cooperation The Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Steering Group met in Accra, Ghana on June 16-17, 2010, and approved unanimously several transformative changes to reflect global developments that have occurred since the Partnership was established in 2007. June 2, 2010 International Working Group Meeting Focuses on Nuclear Power Infrastructure Development and Needs

412

NE Blog Archive | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

January 30, 2008 January 30, 2008 Artist's concept of the New Horizons spacecraft during its planned encounter with Pluto and its moon, Charon. The craft's miniature cameras, radio science experiment, ultraviolet and infrared spectrometers and space plasma experiments are run by the Department of Energy's Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (RTG). | Photo courtesy of Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory/Southwest Research Institute (JHUAPL/SwRI) New Horizons Mission Powered by Space Radioisotope Power Systems The New Horizons spacecraft utilized a Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (RTG) to provide electricity and heat to the science instruments and other spacecraft components. January 29, 2008 Mars Science Laboratory, aka Curiosity, is part of NASA's Mars Exploration Program, a long-term program of robotic exploration of the Red Planet. It's powered by the Multi-Mission Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (MMRTG). Photo courtesy of NASA/JPL-Caltech.

413

NE Press Releases | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

September 29, 2011 September 29, 2011 United States and Czech Republic Join Together to Announce Bilateral Nuclear Energy Research and Development Efforts PRAGUE, Czech Republic - The U.S. Department of Energy recently joined with the Řež Nuclear Research Institute, the U.S. September 28, 2011 Department of Energy Issues FY 2012 Request for Pre-Applications from U.S. Universities for Nuclear Energy Research and Development Proposals The U.S. Department of Energy today announced that its Nuclear Energy University Programs is now accepting pre-applications from universities interested in conducting nuclear energy research and development projects. September 21, 2011 Department of Energy Announces $17 Million to Bolster University-Led Nuclear Energy Research and Development

414

LLNL's NeMS: Network Mapping System  

High Performance Computing Innovation Center (Building 6475)located in LLNL's Livermore Valley Open Campus (LVOC) Seating is limited, Pre-registration ...

415

BASELINE IE-NE EXPERIMENTSUSING THE SPRACH ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Scott"; "Bloomberg News Service", later just "Bloomberg").The broadcast news transcriptions are not segmented into discourse units in any clearly ...

2011-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

416

COURSE NOTES: Nuclear Materials (NE120)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 10, 2007 ... This resource provides PDF lecture notes and readings for an undergraduate course covering materials issues in nuclear power systems.

417

NE Press Releases | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

January 20, 2012 January 20, 2012 Energy Department Takes First Step to Spur U.S. Manufacturing of Small Modular Nuclear Reactors Through the draft Funding Opportunity Announcement announced today, the Department will establish cost-shared agreements with private industry to support the design and licensing of SMRs. January 20, 2012 Energy Department Takes First Step to Spur U.S. Manufacturing of Small Modular Nuclear Reactors New Funding Opportunity Announcement Will Support SMR Design and Licensing for Widespread Commercial Use December 22, 2011 Secretary Chu Statement on AP1000 Reactor Design Certification U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu issued the following statement today in support of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission's (NRC) decision to certify Westinghouse Electric's AP1000 nuclear reactor design, a significant step

418

Laser Scanning Two Photon and Confocal Microscope  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The SP5 is a laser scanning two-photon and confocal microscope equipped with ... nm HeNe, and tunable IR (680 nm - 1060 nm) lasers * 4 internal ...

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Bulk gold catalyzed oxidation reactions of amines and isocyanides and iron porphyrin catalyzed N-H and O-H bond insertion/cyclization reactions of diamines and aminoalcohols  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work involves two projects. The first project entails the study of bulk gold as a catalyst in oxidation reactions of isocyanides and amines. The main goal of this project was to study the activation and reactions of molecules at metal surfaces in order to assess how organometallic principles for homogeneous processes apply to heterogeneous catalysis. Since previous work had used oxygen as an oxidant in bulk gold catalyzed reactions, the generality of gold catalysis with other oxidants was examined. Amine N-oxides were chosen for study, due to their properties and use in the oxidation of carbonyl ligands in organometallic complexes. When amine N-oxides were used as an oxidant in the reaction of isocyanides with amines, the system was able to produce ureas from a variety of isocyanides, amines, and amine N-oxides. In addition, the rate was found to generally increase as the amine N-oxide concentration increased, and decrease with increased concentrations of the amine. Mechanistic studies revealed that the reaction likely involves transfer of an oxygen atom from the amine N-oxide to the adsorbed isocyanide to generate an isocyanate intermediate. Subsequent nucleophilic attack by the amine yields the urea. This is in contrast to the bulk gold-catalyzed reaction mechanism of isocyanides with amines and oxygen. Formation of urea in this case was proposed to proceed through a diaminocarbene intermediate. Moreover, formation of the proposed isocyanate intermediate is consistent with the reactions of metal carbonyl ligands, which are isoelectronic to isocyanides. Nucleophilic attack at coordinated CO by amine N-oxides produces CO{sub 2} and is analogous to the production of an isocyanate in this gold system. When the bulk gold-catalyzed oxidative dehydrogenation of amines was examined with amine N-oxides, the same products were afforded as when O{sub 2} was used as the oxidant. When the two types of oxidants were directly compared using the same reaction system and conditions, it was found that the oxidative dehydrogenation of dibenzylamine to Nbenzylidenebenzylamine, with N-methylmorpholine N-oxide (NMMO), was nearly quantitative (96%) within 24 h. However, the reaction with oxygen was much slower, with only a 52% yield of imine product over the same time period. Moreover, the rate of reaction was found to be influenced by the nature of the amine N-oxide. For example, the use of the weakly basic pyridine N-oxide (PyNO) led to an imine yield of only 6% after 24 h. A comparison of amine N-oxide and O2 was also examined in the oxidation of PhCH{sub 2}OH to PhCHO catalyzed by bulk gold. In this reaction, a 52% yield of the aldehyde was achieved when NMMO was used, while only a 7% product yield was afforded when O{sub 2} was the oxidant after 48 h. The bulk gold-catalyzed oxidative dehydrogenation of cyclic amines generates amidines, which upon treatment with Aerosil and water were found to undergo hydrolysis to produce lactams. Moreover, 5-, 6-, and 7-membered lactams could be prepared through a one-pot reaction of cyclic amines by treatment with oxygen, water, bulk gold, and Aerosil. This method is much more atom economical than industrial processes, does not require corrosive acids, and does not generate undesired byproducts. Additionally, the gold and Aerosil catalysts can be readily separated from the reaction mixture. The second project involved studying iron(III) tetraphenylporphyrin chloride, Fe(TPP)Cl, as a homogeneous catalyst for the generation of carbenes from diazo reagents and their reaction with heteroatom compounds. Fe(TPP)Cl, efficiently catalyzed the insertion of carbenes derived from methyl 2-phenyldiazoacetates into O-H bonds of aliphatic and aromatic alcohols. Fe(TPP)Cl was also found to be an effective catalyst for tandem N-H and O-H insertion/cyclization reactions when 1,2-diamines and 1,2-alcoholamines were treated with diazo reagents. This approach provides a one-pot process for synthesizing piperazinones and morpholinones and related analogues such as quinoxalinones and benzoxazin-2-ones.

Klobukowski, Erik

2011-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

420

AEOSup ltr to Dear Customer  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

WA WA OR CA ID NV UT AZ NM CO WY MT ND SD NE KS OK TX MN IA MO AR LA WI IL KY IN OH WV TN MS AL GA SC NC VA PA NY VT ME NH MA RI CT NJ DE MD D.C. FL MI Electricity Supply Regions 1 ECAR 2 ERCOT 3 MAAC 4 MAIN 5 MAPP 6 NY 7 NE 8 FL 9 STV 10 SPP 11 NWP 12 RA 13 CNV 13 11 12 2 10 5 9 8 1 6 7 3 AK 15 14 H I 14 AK 15 H I Figure 2. Electricity Market Module (EMM) Regions 1. ECAR = East Central Area Reliability Coordination Agreement 2. ERCOT = Electric Reliability Council of Texas 3. MACC = Mid-Atlantic Area Council 4. MAIN = Mid-America Interconnected Network 5. MAPP = Mid-Continent Area Power Pool 6. NY = Northeast Power Coordinating Council/ New York 7. NE = Northeast Power Coordinating Council/ New England 8. FL = Southeastern Electric Reliability Council/ Florida 9. STV = Southeastern Electric Reliability Council /excluding Florida 10. SPP

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ne nh nm" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

A 512kb 8T SRAM macro operating down to 0.57V with an AC-coupled sense amplifier and embedded data-retention-voltage sensor in 45nm SOI CMOS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An 8T SRAM fabricated in 45 nm SOI CMOS exhibits voltage scalable operation from 1.2 V down to 0.57 V with access times from 400 ps to 3.4 ns. Timing variation and the challenge of low-voltage operation are addressed with ...

Qazi, Masood

422

Shortwave, Clear-sky Diffuse Irradiance in the 350 to 1050 nm Range: Comparison of Models with RSS Measurements at the Southern Great Plains ARM Site in September/October 2001  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Shortwave, Clear-Sky Diffuse Irradiance in the Shortwave, Clear-Sky Diffuse Irradiance in the 350 to 1050 nm Range: Comparison of Models with RSS Measurements at the Southern Great Plains ARM Site in September/October 2001 J. J. Michalsky, P. W. Kiedron, Q.-L. Min, and L. C. Harrison Atmospheric Sciences Research Center State University of New York Albany, New York J. J. Michalsky Surface Radiation Research Branch Air Resources Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Boulder, Colorado Abstract A rotating shadowband spectroradiometer (RSS) operating in the spectral range between 350 to 1050 nm obtained measurements of direct and diffuse components of spectral irradiance during the first diffuse irradiance IOP in the autumn of 2001. Independent measurements of the primary inputs to spectral

423

Wind Program: Stakeholder Engagement and Outreach  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Outreach Outreach Printable Version Bookmark and Share The Stakeholder Engagement and Outreach initiative of the U.S. Department of Energy's Wind Program is designed to educate, engage, and enable critical stakeholders to make informed decisions about how wind energy contributes to the U.S. electricity supply. Highlights Resources Wind Resource Maps State Activities What activities are happening in my state? AK AL AR AZ CA CO CT DC DE FL GA HI IA ID IL IN KS KY LA MA MD ME MI MN MO MS MT NC ND NE NH NJ NM NV NY OH OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VA VT WA WI WV WY Installed wind capacity maps. Features A image of a house with a residential-scale small wind turbine. Small Wind for Homeowners, Farmers, and Businesses Stakeholder Engagement & Outreach Projects

424

Annual Energy Outlook 2012  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2 2 Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Analysis. U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Outlook 2010 213 Appendix F Regional Maps Figure F1. United States Census Divisions Pacific East South Central South Atlantic Middle Atlantic New England West South Central West North Central East North Central Mountain AK WA MT WY ID NV UT CO AZ NM TX OK IA KS MO IL IN KY TN MS AL FL GA SC NC WV PA NJ MD DE NY CT VT ME RI MA NH VA WI MI OH NE SD MN ND AR LA OR CA HI Middle Atlantic New England East North Central West North Central Pacific West South Central East South Central South Atlantic Mountain Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting. Appendix F Regional Maps Figure F1. United States Census Divisions U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Energy Outlook 2012

425

Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2007 Report  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

clothes drying, ceiling fans, coffee makers, spas, home security clothes drying, ceiling fans, coffee makers, spas, home security systems, microwave ovens, set-top boxes, home audio equipment, rechargeable electronics, and VCR/DVDs. In addition to the major equipment-driven end-uses, the average energy consumption per household is projected for other electric and nonelectric appliances. The module's output includes number Energy Information Administration/Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2007 19 Pacific East South Central South Atlantic Middle Atlantic New England West South Central West North Central East North Central Mountain AK WA MT WY ID NV UT CO AZ NM TX OK IA KS MO IL IN KY TN MS AL FL GA SC NC WV PA NJ MD DE NY CT VT ME RI MA NH VA WI MI OH NE SD MN ND AR LA OR CA HI Middle Atlantic New England East North Central West North Central Pacific West South Central East South Central

426

Microsoft Word - figure_13.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Egypt Figure 13. Net Interstate Movements, Imports, and Exports of Natural Gas in the United States, 2007 (Million Cubic Feet) Nigeria Algeria 37,483 WA M T I D OR W Y ND SD C A N V UT CO NE KS AZ NM OK TX MN WI MI IA I L IN OH MO AR MS AL GA TN KY FL SC NC WV MD DE VA PA NJ NY CT RI MA VT NH ME LA HI AK Mexico C a n a d a C a n a d a Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada Algeria Canada Canada i i N g e r a Gulf of Mexico Gulf o f M e x i c o Gulf of Mexico Canada Gulf of Mexico Sources: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition," and the Office of Fossil Energy, Natural Gas Imports and Exports.

427

U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Energy Outlook 2011  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1 1 Regional maps Figure F6. Coal supply regions Figure F6. Coal Supply Regions WA ID OR CA NV UT TX OK AR MO LA MS AL GA FL TN SC NC KY VA WV WY CO SD ND MI MN WI IL IN OH MD PA NJ DE CT MA NH VT NY ME RI MT NE IA KS MI AZ NM 500 0 SCALE IN MILES APPALACHIA Northern Appalachia Central Appalachia Southern Appalachia INTERIOR NORTHERN GREAT PLAINS Eastern Interior Western Interior Gulf Lignite Dakota Lignite Western Montana Wyoming, Northern Powder River Basin Wyoming, Southern Powder River Basin Western Wyoming OTHER WEST Rocky Mountain Southwest Northwest KY AK 1000 0 SCALE IN MILES Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Office

428

Category:Utility Rate Impacts on PV Economics By Location | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utility Rate Impacts on PV Economics By Location Utility Rate Impacts on PV Economics By Location Jump to: navigation, search Impact of Utility Rates on PV Economics Montgomery, AL Little Rock, AR Flagstaff, AZ Phoenix, AZ Tucson, AZ Arcata, CA LA, CA San Francisco, CA Boulder, CO Eagle County, CO Pueblo, CO Bridgeport, CT Wilmington, DE Miami, FL Tampa, FL Atlanta, GA Savannah, GA Des Moines, IA Mason, IA Boise, ID Chicago, IL Springfield, IL Indianapolis, IN Goodland, KS Wichita, KS Lexington, KY New Orleans, LA Shreveport, LA Boston, MA Baltimore, MD Caribou, ME Portland, ME Detroit, MI Houghton-Lake, MI Traverse City, MI International Falls, MN Minneapolis, MN Kansas City, MO Jackson, MS Billings, MT Greensboro, NC Wilmington, NC Bismarck, ND Minot, ND Omaha, NE Concord, NH Atlantic City, NJ Albuquerque, NM Las Vegas, NV Reno, NV New York, NY

429

REPLACEMENTS ARE IN SIGHT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 3300 Mountain Road NE Albuquerque, NM 87106-1920 (505) 256-1463 and Lance Lankford, PE Environmental Management 3200 Peacekeeper ...

2011-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

430

Synthesis and crystal structure of a new open-framework iron phosphate (NH{sub 4}){sub 4}Fe{sub 3}(OH){sub 2}F{sub 2}[H{sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 4}]: Novel linear trimer of corner-sharing Fe(III) octahedra  

SciTech Connect

A new iron phosphate (NH{sub 4}){sub 4}Fe{sub 3}(OH){sub 2}F{sub 2}[H{sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 4}] has been synthesized hydrothermally at HF concentrations from 0.5 to 1.2 mL. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis reveals its three-dimensional open-framework structure (monoclinic, space group P2{sub 1}/n (No. 14), a=6.2614(13) A, b=9.844(2) A, c=14.271(3) A, {beta}=92.11(1){sup o}, V=879.0(3) A{sup 3}). This structure is built from isolated linear trimers of corner-sharing Fe(III) octahedra, which are linked by (PO{sub 4}) groups to form ten-membered-ring channels along [1 0 0]. This isolated, linear trimer of corner-sharing Fe(III) octahedra, [(FeO{sub 4}){sub 3}(OH){sub 2}F{sub 2}], is new and adds to the diverse linkages of Fe polyhedra as secondary building units in iron phosphates. The trivalent iron at octahedral sites for the title compound has been confirmed by synchrotron Fe K-edge XANES spectra and magnetic measurements. Magnetic measurements also show that this compound exhibit a strong antiferromagnetic exchange below T{sub N}=17 K, consistent with superexchange interactions expected for the linear trimer of ferric octahedra with the Fe-F-Fe angle of 132.5{sup o}. -- Graphical abstract: The three-dimensional open-framework structure of (NH{sub 4}){sub 4}Fe{sub 3}(OH){sub 2}F{sub 2}[H{sub 3}(PO{sub 4}){sub 4}] is built from a novel isolated, linear (FeO{sub 4}){sub 3}(OH){sub 2}F{sub 2} trimer of corner-sharing Fe(III) octahedra linked by PO{sub 4} tetrahedra. Display Omitted

Mi, Jin-Xiao, E-mail: jxmi@xmu.edu.c [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, College of Materials, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005 (China); Wang, Cheng-Xin [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, College of Materials, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005 (China); Chen, Ning [Canadian Light Source, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada S7N 0X4 (Canada); Department of Geological Sciences, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada S7N 5E2 (Canada); Li, Rong [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, College of Materials, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005 (China); Department of Geological Sciences, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada S7N 5E2 (Canada); Pan, Yuanming [Department of Geological Sciences, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada S7N 5E2 (Canada)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

431

SLM device for 193nm lithographic applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The imaging capability of a new spatial light modulator, (SLM), a custom MEMS device is presented. Low k"1 factor aerial image measurements show the suitability of the SLM device for a variety of uses including optical maskless lithography (OML) applications. ... Keywords: Aerial image, Calibration, Design, Electro-mechanical, Electrode, Fabrication, Imaging, Integration, MEMS, Maskless, Micro-mirror, Mirror, OML, Optical maskless lithography, Packaging, Qualification, SLM, Spatial light modulator

John Lauria; Ronald Albright; Olga Vladimirsky; Maarten Hoeks; Roel Vanneer; Bert van Drieenhuizen; Luoqi Chen; Luc Haspeslagh; Ann Witvrouw

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Colin Messer, NM Energy Conservation and Management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 The following report is based on the contributions of the individuals and organizations listed below. The Team members were chosen for their breadth of knowledge and industry or policy experience. The group was assembled with the goal of having a wide scope of interests including industry, academia and environmental analysis. The group also worked towards consensus viewpoints on the critical issues impacting the development of Biodiesel as an alternative fuel. This consensus model helped to achieve a balanced perspective on the challenges and potential solutions to further commercial development of this alternative transportation fuel. Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Team Members: Richard Nelson, Chair, Kansas State Univ.

Renewable Diesel; Conoco Phillips; Jeff Probst; Blue Sun Biodiesel; John Brenner; Natural Resources; Conservation Service

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Transparent fluids for 157-nm immersion lithography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, the latter determined by the thickness of the spacer gaskets. Since the calcium fluoride windows were found that enables the fluid to be reused for many 100 expo- sure fields will be both necessary and possible

French, Roger H.

434

Polymer Crystallization in 25 nm Spheres  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Crystallization within the discrete spheres of a block copolymer mesophase was studied by time-resolved x-ray scattering. The cubic packing of microdomains, established by self-assembly in the melt, is preserved throughout crystallization by strong interblock segregation even though the amorphous matrix block is well above its glass transition temperature. Homogeneous nucleation within each sphere yields isothermal crystallizations which follow first-order kinetics, contrasting with the sigmoidal kinetics normally exhibited in the quiescent crystallization of bulk polymers.

Yueh-Lin Loo; Richard A. Register; Anthony J. Ryan

2000-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

435

NM, East Natural Gas Liquids Proved Reserves  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Miscellaneous States ...

436

Impacts of anisotropic lattice relaxation on crystal mosaicity and luminescence spectra of m-plane Al{sub x}Ga{sub 1-x}N films grown on m-plane freestanding GaN substrates by NH{sub 3} source molecular beam epitaxy  

SciTech Connect

In-plane anisotropic lattice relaxation was correlated with the crystal mosaicity and luminescence spectra for m-plane Al{sub x}Ga{sub 1-x}N films grown on a freestanding GaN substrate by NH{sub 3}-source molecular beam epitaxy. The homoepitaxial GaN film exhibited A- and B-excitonic emissions at 8 K, which obeyed the polarization selection rules. For Al{sub x}Ga{sub 1-x}N overlayers, the m-plane tilt mosaic along c-axis was the same as the substrate as far as coherent growth was maintained (x{<=}0.25). However, it became more severe than along the a-axis for lattice-relaxed films (x{>=}0.52). The results are explained in terms of anisotropic lattice and thermal mismatches between the film and the substrate. Nonetheless, all the Al{sub x}Ga{sub 1-x}N films exhibited a near-band-edge emission peak and considerably weak deep emission at room temperature.

Hoshi, T.; Hazu, K.; Ohshita, K.; Kagaya, M.; Onuma, T.; Chichibu, S. F. [CANTech, Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Fujito, K. [Optoelectronics Laboratory, Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation, 1000 Higashi-Mamiana, Ushiku 300-1295 (Japan); Namita, H. [Mitsubishi Chemical Group Science and Technology Research Center, Inc., 8-3-1 Chuo, Ami, Inashiki 300-0332 (Japan)

2009-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

437

Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Proposed Chemistry and Metallurgy Research Building Replacement Project at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM (DOE/EIS-0350)(5/15/03)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

96 96 Federal Register / Vol. 68, No. 94 / Thursday, May 15, 2003 / Notices [FR Doc. 03-12161 Filed 5-14-03; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6450-01-P DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY National Nuclear Security Administration Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Proposed Chemistry and Metallurgy Research Building Replacement Project at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM AGENCY: U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration. ACTION: Notice of availability and public hearings. SUMMARY: Pursuant to the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969, as amended (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.), and the DOE Regulations Implementing NEPA (10 CFR part 1021), the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), an agency

438

Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement for the Operation of a Biosafety Level 3 Facility at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM (DOE/EIS-0388) (11/29/05)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

90 Federal Register 90 Federal Register / Vol. 70, No. 228 / Tuesday, November 29, 2005 / Notices DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY National Nuclear Security Administration Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement for the Operation of a Biosafety Level 3 Facility at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM AGENCY: Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration. ACTION: Notice of intent. SUMMARY: The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), an agency within the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), announces its intent to prepare an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) to evaluate the operation of a Biosafety Level 3 Facility (BSL-3 Facility) at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) in Los Alamos, New Mexico. This EIS is being prepared and considered in accordance

439

Extension of Comment Period on the Draft Site-Wide Environmental Impact Statement for Continued Operation of Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM (DOE/EIS-0380) (08/31/06)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

10 Federal Register 10 Federal Register / Vol. 71, No. 169 / Thursday, August 31, 2006 / Notices Coordinator, at the address and phone number listed above. Issued at Washington, DC on August 24, 2006. Carol Matthews, Acting Advisory Committee Management Officer. [FR Doc. 06-7304 Filed 8-30-06; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 6450-01-P DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY National Nuclear Security Administration Extension of Comment Period on the Draft Site-Wide Environmental Impact Statement for Continued Operation of Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM AGENCY: U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA). ACTION: Notice of comment period extension. SUMMARY: On July 7, 2006, NNSA published a Notice of Availability for the Draft Site-wide Environmental

440

NH4-smectite: Characterization, hydration properties and hydro mechanical behaviour  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

et al., 1993], [Shackelford, 1994], [Studds et al., 1996], [Coméaga, 1997], [Lin, 1998], [Alawaji, 1999], [Mohan et al., 1999], [Shackelford et al., 2000], #12;[Egloffstein, 2001] and [Jullien et al

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

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