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1

Measurements of the Threshold Displacement Energy in Ta and Nb  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Changes in the damage rate (residual electrical resistivity per unit electron fluence) were measured as a function of incident electron energy in the range 1.0-2.2 MeV for 0.002-in.-diam Nb and Ta wires. The threshold energies, estimated by simple extrapolation to zero production rates, were 36 eV for Nb and 32 eV for Ta. The resistivity of a Frenkel pair was determined to be about 5.3 ?? cm/at.% for Nb and 1.9 ?? cm/at.% for Ta. The damage production curves for two other bcc metals, Mo and W, are compared with those for Nb and Ta.

G. Youngblood; S. Myhra; J. W. DeFord

1969-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

2

Stability analysis of NbTi-Ta-based high field conductor cooled by pool boiling below 4 K  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Stability analysis has been performed for cabled NbTi-Ta-based superconductors intended for the high field (12 T) toroidal field coils for a large scale tokamak device such as ETF. Ternary NbTi-Ta was selected as the superconductor because of its superior critical current density at high field as compared to the binary alloy NbTi. The operating temperature was chosen to be 2.5 K or below to optimize the performance of the superconductor. A cabled conductor was selected to minimize the pulsed field losses. The conductor is cooled by pool boiling in a subcooled (approx. 2.5 K, 0.25 atm) bath, or in a superfluid helium (He-II) bath (approx. 1.8 K, 0.02 atm). The analysis was based on numerically simulating the evolution of a normal zone in the conductor. Appropriate superconductor properties and heat transfer characteristics were utilized in the simulation.

Chen, W.Y.; Alcorn, J.S.; Hsu, Y.H.; Purcell, J.R.

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Short-Range Layered A-Site Ordering in Double Perovskites NaLaBB?O6 (B = Mn, Fe; B? = Nb, Ta)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The magnetic exchange interactions in NaLaFeTaO6 and NaLaFeNbO6 are antiferromagnetic, while they are ferromagnetic in NaLaMnTaO6 and NaLaMnNbO6. ... This work has benefited from the use of HIPD at the Lujan Center at Los Alamos Neutron Science Center, funded by DOE Office of Basic Energy Sciences. ...

Walid Dachraoui; Tao Yang; Chang Liu; Graham King; Joke Hadermann; Gustaaf Van Tendeloo; Anna Llobet; Martha Greenblatt

2011-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

4

In situ X-ray diffraction strain-controlled study of Ti–Nb–Zr and Ti–Nb–Ta shape memory alloys: crystal lattice and transformation features  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Phase and structure transformations in biomedical Ti–21.8Nb–6.0Zr (TNZ) and Ti–19.7Nb–5.8Ta (TNT) shape memory alloys (at.%) under and without load in the ? 150 to 100 °S temperature range are studied in situ using an original tensile module for a low-temperature chamber of an X-ray diffractometer. Alpha?- and beta-phase lattice parameters, the crystallographic resource of recovery strain, phase and structure transformation sequences, and microstress appearance and disappearance are examined, compared and discussed. For both alloys, the crystallographic resource of recovery strain decreases with temperature increase to become 4.5% for TNZ and 2.5% for TNT alloy (at RT). Loading at low temperatures leads to additional ??-phase formation and reorientation. Heating under load, as compared to strain-free heating, affects the reverse transformation sequence of both alloys in different ways. For TNZ alloy, strain-free heating results in simultaneous ??? and ???? transformations, whereas during heating under stress, they are sequential: ? + ???? precedes ????. For TNT alloy, strain-free heating results in reverse ???? transformation, whereas during heating under stress, ???? transformation is preceded by ??-phase reorientation. - Highlights: • Comparative in situ XRD analysis of Ti–Nb–Zr(Ta) shape memory alloys is realized. • Lattice parameters of ?- and ??-phases are calculated in the ? 150 to + 100 °C range. • The higher the temperature, the lower the ???? transformation strain. • Loading at low temperatures results in ??-phase formation and reorientation. • Transformation sequences upon heating with and without loading are different.

Dubinskiy, S. [École de technologie supérieure, 1100, Notre-Dame Street West, Montreal, Quebec H3C 1K3 (Canada); National University of Science and Technology “MISIS”, 4, Leninskiy prosp., Moscow 119049 (Russian Federation); Prokoshkin, S. [National University of Science and Technology “MISIS”, 4, Leninskiy prosp., Moscow 119049 (Russian Federation); Brailovski, V., E-mail: vladimir.brailovski@etsmtl.ca [École de technologie supérieure, 1100, Notre-Dame Street West, Montreal, Quebec H3C 1K3 (Canada); Inaekyan, K. [École de technologie supérieure, 1100, Notre-Dame Street West, Montreal, Quebec H3C 1K3 (Canada); Korotitskiy, A. [National University of Science and Technology “MISIS”, 4, Leninskiy prosp., Moscow 119049 (Russian Federation)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

5

Superconductivity in amorphous T5T9 transition-metal alloys (T5=Nb,Ta; T9=Rh,Ir)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The superconducting transition temperature Tc has been measured for amorphous T5T9 alloys (where T5=Nb or Ta , T9=Rb or Ir ) as a function of composition. Nb and Ta dominated the Tc behavior with Tc for Nb alloys ? 4.8-5.1 K and Tc for Ta alloys ? 3.1-3.3 K. Changing the average group number by varying the T5T9 ratio had little effect on Tc within the ? 10 at.% range of composition in which the amorphous alloys form. Tc decreased approximately linearly with x for (Nb1-xTax)55Rh45 and (Nb1-xTax)55Ir45. The electrical resistivity ?n and the upper critical field Bc2 were measured as functions of temperature. The Sommerfeld constant ? was calculated from ?n and dBc2dT|Tc using the Ginzburg-Landau-Abrikosov-Gor'kov theory. The Debye temperature ?D was calculated from measurements of Young's modulus. The above parameters allowed calculations to be made of N(EF), the density of electronic states at the Fermi level, and ?, the electron-phonon coupling constant. It was found that ? more accurately reflected the Tc behavior than did N(EF) and that both electronic and phonon contributions had to be considered in the determination of ?.

C. C. Koch; D. M. Kroeger; J. O. Scarbrough; B. C. Giessen

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

STRUCTURE AND HIGH-FIELD PERFORMANCE OF JELLY ROLL PROCESSED Nb{sub 3}Sn WIRES USING Sn-Ta AND Sn-Ti BASED ALLOY SHEET  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sn-Ta based alloy buttons of different compositions were prepared by the melt diffusion process among constituent metal powders, and then pressed into plates. Meanwhile Sn-Ti based alloy plates were sliced from the melt and cast ingot. Resulting Sn-based alloy plates were rolled into thin sheets. The Sn-based alloy sheet was laminated with a Nb sheet, and wound into a Jelly Roll (JR) composite. The composite was encased in a sheath, and fabricated into a thin wire followed by the heat treatment. The application of hydrostatic extrusion is useful at the initial stage of the fabrication. The JR wires using Sn-Ta and Sn-Ti based alloy sheets show a non-Cu J{sub c} of {approx}250 A/mm{sup 2} and {approx}150 A/mm{sup 2} at 20 T and 22 T, respectively, at 4.2 K. It has been found that the Nb impregnates into the Sn-based alloy layers during the reaction, and Nb{sub 3}Sn layers are synthesized by the mutual diffusion between the Nb sheet and the Sn-based alloy sheet without formation of voids. Sn-Ti based alloy sheets are attractive due to their easiness of mass production. Structure and high-field performance of JR processed Nb{sub 3}Sn wires prepared from Sn-based alloy sheets with different compositions are compared in this article.

Tachikawa, K.; Tsuyuki, T.; Hayashi, Y.; Nakata, K. [Faculty of Engineering, Tokai University Hiratsuka, Kanagawa 259-1292 (Japan); Takeuchi, T. [National Institute for Materials Science Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0047 (Japan)

2008-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

7

Ternary superconductor NbTiTa'' for high field superfluid magnets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The possibility exists to obtain a higher Hc{sub 2}' upper critical field in the NbTi system which is normally limited by a spin-orbit coupling term. The introduction of scattering reduces this coupling. The spin-orbit scattering rate is proportional to Z{sup 4} and therefore leads logically to the introduction of a high atomic number element which is more or less similar with respect to all of the other properties, i.e., Tc. Previous studies have shown Tantalum to be an excellent choice. The present work represents an attempt to obtain a high current density, high field ternary magnet conductor (Jc (10T, 2K, {rho}eff = 10{sup {minus}12} {Omega}-cm)) > 2000A/mm{sup 2}. This goal was met, but the conductor was clearly not optimized.

McInturff, A.D.; Carson, J. (Fermi National Accelerator Lab., Batavia, IL (USA)); Larbalestier, D.; Lee, P.; McKinnel, J. (Wisconsin Univ., Madison, WI (USA)); Kanithi, H. (IGC/Advanced Superconductors, Inc., Waterbury, CT (USA)); McDonald, W.; O'Larey, P. (Teledyne-Wah Chang, Albany, OR (USA))

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Characterization of passive oxide film on a Ti-5%Ta-1.8%Nb alloy on exposure to severe oxidizing conditions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents the results of a study on the characteristics of the passive oxide film that forms on the surface of an {alpha} + {beta} Ti-5%Ta-1.8%Nb alloy, which possesses good corrosion resistance in severe oxidizing environment of boiling 11.5 M nitric acid. Through systematic structure-property studies, the microstructure with low corrosion rate (< 1 mpy) in liquid, vapor and condensate phases of nitric acid was identified. The characteristics of the passive film, which imparts corrosion resistance to the alloy, are influenced by its microstructure, temperature and concentration of the acid. The microstructure, thickness and composition of the oxide film were characterized using different techniques. TiO{sub 2}, Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5} and Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5} formed on exposure to vapor and condensate phases, while TiO{sub 2} was observed on exposure to the liquid phase. Detailed microstructural studies showed that the passive film consists of nano-crystalline phases of titanium and tantalum oxides, predominantly anatase in an amorphous matrix. Based on these studies, the mechanism of corrosion of the alloy is derived. - Research Highlights: {yields}Liquid phase corrosion results in a thicker and protective oxide film. {yields}Oxide film is a mixture of amorphous and nano-crystalline anatase. {yields}Higher amounts of Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5} and Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5} form on vapor and condensate phase corrosion. {yields}High corrosion rate in condensate phase is due to selective dissolution of Ti in {alpha} phase.

Mythili, R.; Saroja, S., E-mail: saroja@igcar.gov.in; Vijayalakshmi, M.

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

9

Influence of the B-site ordering on the magnetic properties of the new La{sub 3}Co{sub 2}MO{sub 9} double perovskites with M = Nb or Ta  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Double perovskites La{sub 3}Co{sub 2}NbO{sub 9} and La{sub 3}Co{sub 2}TaO{sub 9} have been prepared by both solid state and sol-gel synthesis. The crystal structures have been studied from X-ray and neutron powder diffraction data. Rietveld refinements show that the crystal structure is monoclinic (P2{sub 1}/n), with different degrees of ordering of B' and B'' cations, with octahedra tilted according to the Glazer notation a{sup -}b{sup -}c{sup +}. Occupancy refinements show that the solid state materials are more B-site ordered than the sol-gel ones. Magnetization measurements show that these perovskites show two magnetic contributions, one with spontaneous magnetization and other with linear behaviour with the magnetic field associated to antiferromagnetic correlations. In the samples synthesized by solid state the spontaneous magnetization is more important than those synthesized by the sol-gel and present T{sub C} of 62 K for Nb and 72 K for Ta. On the other hand, materials prepared by sol-gel have T{sub C} 20 K for Nb and 40 K for Ta, respectively and major presence of the antiferromagnetic contribution. The competition between these magnetic behaviours is interpreted, by a microscopic point of view, as to be due to the different degrees of Co{sup 2+} ions disorder on the B site of the double perovskite structure. This disorder affects the ratio between the antiferromagnetic Co{sup 2+}-O-Co{sup 2+} and the ferromagnetic Co{sup 2+}-O-M{sup 5+}-O-Co{sup 2+} couplings proposed for the system.

Fuertes, V.C.; Blanco, M.C.; Franco, D.G. [INFIQC (CONICET), Departamento de Fisicoquimica, Facultad de Ciencias Quimicas, Universidad Nacional de Cordoba, Ciudad Universitaria, X5000HUA Cordoba (Argentina)] [INFIQC (CONICET), Departamento de Fisicoquimica, Facultad de Ciencias Quimicas, Universidad Nacional de Cordoba, Ciudad Universitaria, X5000HUA Cordoba (Argentina); De Paoli, J.M.; Sanchez, R.D. [Centro Atomico Bariloche, CNEA and Instituto Balseiro, Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, Av. Bustillo 9500, 8400 Rio Negro (Argentina)] [Centro Atomico Bariloche, CNEA and Instituto Balseiro, Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, Av. Bustillo 9500, 8400 Rio Negro (Argentina); Carbonio, R.E., E-mail: carbonio@mail.fcq.unc.edu.ar [INFIQC (CONICET), Departamento de Fisicoquimica, Facultad de Ciencias Quimicas, Universidad Nacional de Cordoba, Ciudad Universitaria, X5000HUA Cordoba (Argentina)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

10

Nickel Alloy, Corrosion and Heat-Resistant, Sheet, Strip, and Plate 72Ni - 15.5Cr - 0.95 (Cb (Nb) + Ta) - 2.5Ti - 0.70Al - 7.0Fe Consumable Electrode, Remelted or Vacuum Induction Melted, Solution Heat Treated, Precipitation-Hardenable  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nickel Alloy, Corrosion and Heat-Resistant, Sheet, Strip, and Plate 72Ni - 15.5Cr - 0.95 (Cb (Nb) + Ta) - 2.5Ti - 0.70Al - 7.0Fe Consumable Electrode, Remelted or Vacuum Induction Melted, Solution Heat Treated, Precipitation-Hardenable

SAE Aerospace Standards. London

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Experimental investigations and three-dimensional transmission line matrix simulation of Ca 5 ? x A x B 2 Ti O 12 ( A = Mg , Zn, Ni, and Co; B = Nb and Ta) ceramic resonators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Temperature-stable low-loss Ca 5 ? x A x B 2 Ti O 12 ( A = Mg Zn Ni and Co; B = Nb and Ta)dielectrics suitable for microwave telecommunication applications were prepared by the conventional solid-state ceramic route. Investigations were made on the structure and microstructure of the ceramics employing x-ray and scanning electron microscopic techniques. The dielectric properties were measured in the 3.5 – 7 GHz frequency range. The time domain simulation of electromagnetic wave interaction with dielectric materials using three-dimensional transmission line matrix modeling methods is presented. Excellent agreement between experimental and simulated values of microwavedielectric properties was observed. The materials are potential candidates for applications in filters oscillators and high efficiency low-loss dielectric antennas working especially at millimeter wave region.

Pazhoor Varghese Bijumon; Mailadil Thomas Sebastian; Pezholil Mohanan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Investigation on transition behavior and electrical properties of (K{sub 0.5}Na{sub 0.5}){sub 1-x}Li{sub x}Nb{sub 0.84}Ta{sub 0.1}Sb{sub 0.06}O{sub 3} around polymorphic phase transition region  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

(K{sub 0.5}Na{sub 0.5}){sub 1-x}Li{sub x}Nb{sub 0.84}Ta{sub 0.1}Sb{sub 0.06}O{sub 3} (KNLNTS) lead free ceramics with different Li concentration were fabricated by conventional solid-state reaction method. By increasing Li ions in KNLNTS, the grains grow up and the crystal structure changes from orthorhombic to tetragonal. When 0.03 ? x ? 0.05, the ceramics structure lays in PPT region. Polarization versus electric field (P-E) hysteresis loops at room temperature show good ferroelectric properties and the remnant polarization decreases by increasing Li content while coercive electric keeps almost unchanged. In PPT region, taking x = 0.04 as an example, the sample shows excellent dielectric properties: the dielectric constant is 1159 and loss tangent is 0.04, while the piezoelectric constant d{sub 33} is 245 pC/N and kp is 0.44 at room temperature, it is promising for (K{sub 0.5}Na{sub 0.5}){sub 1-x}Li{sub x}Nb{sub 0.84}Ta{sub 0.1}Sb{sub 0.06}O{sub 3} with 4 at. % Li to substitute PZT.

Zhu, Chen; Wang, Wenchao; Shi, Honglin; Wang, Fangyu; Cao, Yongge [Department of Physics, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, P R China (China) [Department of Physics, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, P R China (China); Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Materials Chemistry and Physics, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou 350002 (China); Huang, Jiquan; Wang, Chong [Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Materials Chemistry and Physics, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou 350002 (China)] [Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Materials Chemistry and Physics, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou 350002 (China); Tang, Fei; Yuan, Xuanyi, E-mail: yuanxuanyi@ruc.edu.cn [Department of Physics, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, P R China (China)] [Department of Physics, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, P R China (China); Liu, Yang [School of Chemistry and Environment Engineering, Shaoguan University, Shaoguan 512005 (China)] [School of Chemistry and Environment Engineering, Shaoguan University, Shaoguan 512005 (China)

2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

13

CMSC 412101 (Spring 1996) Professor: TA: TA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CMSC 412­101 (Spring 1996) Professor: TA: TA: Dr. Jeff Hollingsworth Charles Lin Alex Kaplunovich 4161 AV Williams 1109 A V Williams 1109 A V Williams (40) 5­2708 hollings@cs.umd.edu clin

Hollingsworth, Jeffrey K.

14

CMSC 412 (Spring 2002) Professor: TA: TA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CMSC 412 (Spring 2002) Professor: TA: TA: Dr. Jeff Hollingsworth Abdel-Hameed Badawy Cemal Yilmaz 4161 AV Williams 1151 A V Williams 1151 A V Williams (40) 5-2708 hollings@cs.umd.edu absalam

Hollingsworth, Jeffrey K.

15

E-Print Network 3.0 - al hf ta Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

a JEOL electron microprobe and Ca, Ti, Nb, Ta, Hf and Zr abundances measured using laser ablation... for an Al-rich chon- drule. As Figure 1 shows there is little evidence for...

16

Crystal growth and low coercive field 180 domain switching characteristics of stoichiometric LiTaO3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Physics. S0003-6951 98 00847-X Lithium tantalate LiTaO3) and lithium niobate LiNbO3) are of interest in dry gas or wet gas had no distinct influence on the domain switching properties. Lithium tantalate Li only toward the Ta excess side in the Li2O­Ta2O5 pseudo- binary system.6 The melt composition, which

Gopalan, Venkatraman

17

High-field Nb{sub 3}Sn superconductors prepared through a new route  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nb{sub 3}Sn superconductors have been prepared through Nb{sub 6}Sn{sub 5} compound powder synthesized by a melt diffusion process from Nb and Sn powders. The Nb{sub 6}Sn{sub 5} powder was mixed with Nb powder in a ball mill. The resulting mixed powder was encased in a Ta tube, and fabricated into a tape. The mechanical mixing of Nb{sub 6}Sn{sub 5} and Nb powder promotes the formation of A15 Nb{sub 3}Sn phase in the subsequent heat treatment, and improves superconducting performance. The Nb{sub 3}Sn tape shows an upper critical field B{sub c2} of nearly 25T at 4.2K after the reaction at 900{degrees}C. The B{sub c2} is still increased by Ti doping. A small amount of Cu addition decreases the optimum reaction temperature to 850{degrees}C. Present Nb{sub 3}Sn specimen exhibits considerably larger normal state resistivity than that of bronze-processed Nb{sub 3}Sn, which may be the origin of enhanced B{sub c2} in the present Nb{sub 3}Sn specimen.

Tachikawa, K.; Natsuume, M.; Tomori, H.; Kuroda, Y. [Tokai Univ., Kanagawa (Japan)] [and others

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Unique LaTaO[subscript 4] Polymorph for Multiple Energy Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Rare-earth niobate and tantalate (RE-Nb/Ta) materials are of considerable interest in environmental and energy-related applications that include phosphors for solid-state lighting, photocatalysts for both contaminant degeneration and H{sub 2} generation, chemically robust hosts for nuclear materials and wastes, and ion conductors for lithium batteries or solid-oxide fuel cells. However, the chemically inert nature limits the synthetic routes available to obtain these materials, which in turn hampers the discovery and development of new RE-Nb/Ta phases. Of the simple orthotantalate, LaTaO{sub 4}, there were three polymorphs known prior. With this paper, we present the structural characterization (from high-resolution X-ray powder diffraction data collected at the APS 11-BM line) of a fourth polymorph. It is obtained only from dehydration of La{sub 2}Ta{sub 2}O{sub 7}(OH){sub 2}, which is in turn synthesized hydrothermally. The structure of the new LaTaO{sub 4} polymorph is distinctive from the others in the arrangement of the alternating La-O polyhedra layers and TaO{sub 6} octahedra layers. Luminescence measurements (Eu-doped) and photocatalysis studies of the new LaTaO{sub 4} polymorph, and comparison to the performance of a previously described LaTaO{sub 4} polymorph reveals enhanced performance of the new polymorph in both applications. This study illustrates the relevance of form-function relationships in solid-state materials, as well as the important role of synthesis in the development of advanced functional materials.

Nyman, May; Rodriguez, Mark A.; Rohwer, Lauren E.S.; Martin, James E.; Waller, Mollie; Osterloh, Frank E.; (Sandia); (UCD)

2009-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

19

TA-55: LANL Plutonium-Processing Facilities  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

TA-55: LANL Plutonium-Processing Facilities TA-55: LANL Plutonium-Processing Facilities TA-55: LANL Plutonium-Processing Facilities TA-55 supports a wide range of national security programs that involve stockpile stewardship, plutonium processing, nuclear materials stabilization, materials disposition, nuclear forensics, nuclear counter-terrorism, and nuclear energy. ...the only fully operational, full capability plutonium facility in the nation. National Security At the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), virtually all plutonium operations occur within the Plutonium Facility at Technical Area 55 (TA-55). TA-55 is the nation's most modern plutonium science and manufacturing facility, and it is the only fully operational, full capability plutonium facility in the nation. Thus, TA-55 supports a wide

20

[Ta{sub 6}Cl{sub 12}(PrCN){sub 6}][(Ta{sub 6}Cl{sub 12})Cl{sub 6}]{center{underscore}dot}2PrCn, a compound with homonuclear mixed-charge cluster units [Ta{sub 6}Cl{sub 12}]{sup 2+} and [Ta{sub 6}Cl{sub 12}]{sup 4+}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In transition metal cluster chemistry, compounds consisting of both a cluster cation and a cluster anion are not very common. The first members of this type of compound of the composition [M{sub 6}X{sub 12}(EtOH){sub 6}][(Mo{sub 6}Cl{sub 8})Cl{sub 4}X{sub 2}]{center{underscore}dot}mEtOH{center{underscore}dot}nEt{sub 2}O (M = Nb, Ta; X = Cl, Br) have been recently prepared. Crystal structure determinations for [Nb{sub 6}Cl{sub 12}(EtOH){sub 6}][(Mo{sub 6}Cl{sub 8})Cl{sub 6}]{center{underscore}dot}3EtOH{center{underscore}dot}3Et{sub 2}O and [Ta{sub 6}Cl{sub 12}(EtOH){sub 6}][(Mo{sub 6}Cl{sub 8})Cl{sub 6}]{center{underscore}dot}6EtOH revealed the presence of two different hexanuclear cluster cores; namely, the [M{sub 6}X{sub 12}(EtOH){sub 6}]{sup 2+} cluster cations and the [(Mo{sub 6}Cl{sub 8})Cl{sub 4}X{sub 2}]{sup 2{minus}} cluster anions. In fact, these compounds consist of two different heteronuclear cluster units with different charges: [M{sub 6}X{sub 12}]{sup 2+} in the cation and [Mo{sub 6}Cl{sub 8}]{sup 4+} in the anion. The preparation of cation-anion pairs with homonuclear mixed-charge cluster units is also possible. In the present study, the synthesis and crystal structure of the cluster pair [Ta{sub 6}Cl{sub 12}(PrCN){sub 6}][(Ta{sub 6}Cl{sub 12})Cl{sub 6}]{center{underscore}dot}2PrCN is reported. The compound is built of two octahedral homonuclear mixed-charge cluster units: [Ta{sub 6}Cl{sub 12}]{sup 2+} in the [Ta{sub 6}Cl{sub 12}(PrCN){sub 6}]{sup 2+} cluster cation and [Ta{sub 6}Cl{sub 12}]{sup 4+} in the [(Ta{sub 6}Cl{sub 12})Cl{sub 6}]{sup 2{minus}} cluster anion.

Brnicevic, N.; Sirac, S.; Basic, I.; Zhang, Z.; McCarley, R.E.; Guzei, I.A.

1999-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nb ta db" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

PROCESSING OF HIGH-PERFORMANCE Nb{sub 3}Sn WIRES THROUGH A NEW DIFFUSION REACTION USING Sn BASED ALLOYS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tightly consolidated Sn-Ta and Sn-B based alloys have been prepared by the reaction among constituent metal powders at 750-775 deg. C. Sn-Ta and Sn-B based alloys exhibit quite similar microstructures. A small amount of Ti addition seems to improve the bonding between Ta or B particles and Sn matrix. Nb{sub 3}Sn wires have been fabricated by the Jelly Roll (JR) and Multi-rod (MR) process using Sn based alloy sheet and rod, respectively. Thick Nb{sub 3}Sn layers with nearly stoichiometric A15 composition are synthesized through a new diffusion mechanism between Nb and Sn based alloy. B{sub c2}(4.2 K)'s of 26.9 T (mid) and 26.5 T (mid) have been obtained in the JR and MR processed wires, respectively, using Sn-Ta based alloy. These wires exhibit enough non-Cu J{sub c} to be used above 20 T and 4.2 K. T{sub c} of JR wires using Sn-B based sheet is 18.14 K (offset) which is slightly higher than that of wires using Sn-Ta based sheet.

Tachikawa, K.; Sasaki, H.; Yamaguchi, M.; Hayashi, Y.; Nakata, K. [Faculty of Engineering, Tokai University, Hiratsuka, Kanagawa 259-1292 (Japan); Takeuchi, T. [National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0047 (Japan)

2010-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

22

CRAD, Quality Assurance - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

CRAD, Emergency Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility CRAD, Conduct of Operations - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility CRAD,...

23

Core Coupling in Nb-99  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to be good. NUCLEAR REACTIONS, NUCLEAR STRUCTURE '"Mop, 'He), E =40.7 Mev, measured o(8) 99Nb levels deduced S. Calculated levels, 4, n', 8 NNb, particle- core-coupling model. The proton configurations of nuclei in the Zr-Mo region have been the subject... of much experimental interest. ' ' The only information available on ~Nb, however, was obtained by measurement of y decay following 99Zr P decay, ~ and is rather lim- ited. We have studied the levels of "Nb with the Mo(d, 'He) reaction at 40.7-Me...

Bindal, P. K.; Youngblood, David H.

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

2014/2015 TA Training Program Page 1 of 4 Call for Proposals for 2014/2015 TA Training Programs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2014/2015 TA Training Program Page 1 of 4 Call for Proposals for 2014/2015 TA Training Programs, the University is committed to providing educational programs specifically addressing TAs needs. The TA Training for the development, delivery, and assessment of TA training programs. In so doing, we expect a significant increase

Handy, Todd C.

25

CMSC 311101 (Fall 1995) Professor: TA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CMSC 311­101 (Fall 1995) Professor: TA: Dr. Jeff Hollingsworth Shekhar Patankar 4161 AV Williams 1109 A V Williams (40) 5­2708 hollings@cs.umd.edu shekhar@cs.umd.edu Office Hours: Tu 1:00­2:30 W 10

Hollingsworth, Jeffrey K.

26

CRAD, Training - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Training - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility CRAD, Training - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal...

27

CRAD, Configuration Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Configuration Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA Configuration Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility CRAD, Configuration Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility June 2005 A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) used for an assessment of the Configuration Management program at the Los Alamos National Laboratory, TA 55 SST Facility. CRADs provide a recommended approach and the types of information to gather to assess elements of a DOE contractor's programs. CRAD, Configuration Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility More Documents & Publications CRAD, Emergency Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST

28

CRAD, Emergency Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Emergency Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 Emergency Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility CRAD, Emergency Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility June 2005 A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) used for an assessment of the Emergency Management program at the Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility. CRADs provide a recommended approach and the types of information to gather to assess elements of a DOE contractor's programs. CRAD, Emergency Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility More Documents & Publications CRAD, Conduct of Operations - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST

29

CRAD, Criticality Safety - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Criticality Safety - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Criticality Safety - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility CRAD, Criticality Safety - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility June 2005 A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) used for an assessment of the Criticality Safety program at the Los Alamos National Laboratory, TA 55 SST Facility. CRADs provide a recommended approach and the types of information to gather to assess elements of a DOE contractor's programs. CRAD, Criticality Safety - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility More Documents & Publications CRAD, Configuration Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST

30

CRAD, Maintenance - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility CRAD, Maintenance - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) used for an assessment of the Maintenance program at the Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility. CRADs provide a recommended approach and the types of information to gather to assess elements of a DOE contractor's programs. CRAD, Maintenance - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility More Documents & Publications CRAD, Maintenance - Los Alamos National Laboratory Waste Characterization, Reduction, and Repackaging Facility CRAD, Configuration Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST

31

Nb Metallurgie und Werkstoffuntersuchungen: Im Labor werden folgende Untersuchungen durchgefhrt .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Temperaturen. · Wasserstoff-, Sauerstoff- und Stickstoffanalyse im hochreinen Niob (im Aufbau) Laufende und Spectroskopy Lab., Polen (Ausbacken von Nb, Diffusion von Wasserstoff in Nb; Untersuchungen mit SIMS, XPS

32

CRAD, Emergency Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

CRAD, Emergency Management - Office of River Protection K Basin Sludge Waste System CRAD, Conduct of Operations - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility CRAD, Training -...

33

Das Mischungsverhalten von Nb3Sn mit Mo3Si, Mo3Ge und Nb3Ge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mittels homogenisierter Sinter-und Schmelzproben wird die Bildung von lückenlosen Mischreihen zwischen Nb3Sn mit Mo3Si, Mo3Ge und Nb3Ge nachgewiesen.

H. Holleck; F. Benesovsky; H. Nowotny

1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

$^{180}$Ta production in the classical s-process  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The production and survival of the quasistable isomer $^{180}$Ta during the stellar nucleosynthesis has remained a matter of discussion for years. A careful analysis of the available experimental data and theoretical calculations enabled us to reproduce the observed solar abundance of $^{180}$Ta in the classical s-process ($kT=28$ keV -- 33 keV).

Markus Loewe; Petr Alexa; Jorrit de Boer; Michael Wuerkner

2002-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

35

Kohlenstoffhaltige ternäre Verbindungen (V-Ge-C, Nb-Ga-C, Ta-Ga-C, Ta-Ge-C, Cr-Ga-C und Cr-Ge-C)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Die ternären Phasen V2GeC, Cr2GaC und Cr2GeC werden aus den Komponenten hergestellt und als H-Phasen identifiziert. Ferner dürften auch die H-Phasen Ti2GaC, und Ti2GeC existieren. In gleicher Weise hergestellte L...

W. Jeitschko; H. Nowotny; F. Benesovsky

1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Enhanced high-field current carrying capacities and pinning behavior of NbTi-based superconducting alloys  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High-field critical current densities J/sub c/ and pinning behavior are discussed for Nb-63a/oTi, Nb-61.7a/oTi-3a/oHf, and Nb-64.7a/oTi-7.2a/oTa superconducting alloys. J/sub c/ properties for 8--12 T in these alloy superconductors under superfluid helium environments can be even superior to those in Nb/sub 3/Sn at 4.2 K, when they are heavily cold-worked after final heat treatments. A temperature scaling law of the flux pinning force F/sub p/ is found to hold for these alloys in the form of F/sub P/ = K (B/sub c/2(T))/sup n/b/sup p/(1-b)/sup q/, where B/sub c/2 is the upper critical field and bequivalentB/B/sub c/2. The peak reduced field, b/sub m/, in the F/sub p/-b curve depends upon how the alloys have been processed. The origins of n, p, and q are discussed in terms of the processing condition.

Wada, H.; Itoh, K.; Tachikawa, K.; Yamada, Y.; Murase, S.

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

MCrAlY/TaC metal matrix composite coatings produced by electrospark deposition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

MCrAlY/TaC metal matrix composite coatings with 10, 20 and 30 wt.% TaC have been successfully produced by electrospark deposition (ESD). The effects of TaC content...? columnar dendrite and large...

Yujiang Xie; Yanhong Yang; Mingsheng Wang…

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Comparison of Nb/sub 3/Sn and NbTi superconductor magnet ITER devices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The TETRA tokamak systems code is used to compare designs for the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) that use Nb/sub 3/Sn and NbTi superconductor magnets. Similar minimum-cost devices are found with both types of conductors when superfluid helium (He-II) is used in conjunction with the NbTi. The cost of using NbTi with He-I cooling is much higher than that of using Nb/sub 3/Sn or NbTi with He-II cooling. Generally, the minimum-cost devices occur for peak fields at the toroidal field coil of about 11.5 - 13 T, depending on the physics requirements. Sensitivities to the allowable stress level indicate strong cost increases when the stress is reduced from the nominal 600-MPa level and weaker cost benefits when the stress is allowed to reach higher levels.

Galambos, J.D.; Peng, Y.K.M.; Reid, R.L.; Lubell, M.S.; Dresner, L.; Miller, J.R.

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Thermal stability of Nb/a-Nb{sub x}Si{sub 1-x}/Nb Josephson junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As a high-resistivity normal-metal barrier for superconducting Josephson junctions, metal-silicon alloys appear to be a good replacement for noble metals and have been applied to the development of quantum voltage standard circuits. We observed that the electrical properties of Nb-based junctions made with amorphous Nb{sub x}Si{sub 1-x} barriers were slowly evolving over time when stored at room temperature. After systematically investigating both junctions and thin films, we have concluded that the changes in junction electrical parameters are due to changes in the amorphous Nb{sub x}Si{sub 1-x} and not due to barrier-electrode interface effects. The resistivity of amorphous Nb{sub x}Si{sub 1-x} increases after heat treatment at temperatures as low as 80 deg. C when the Nb concentration is less than 33%, that of NbSi{sub 2}. Furthermore, we found that annealed barriers behave similarly to barriers with the Nb concentration intentionally reduced to obtain smaller critical current and larger normal resistance with the same barrier thickness, as explained by our I{sub c}-R{sub n} relation developed based on the dirty-limit superconductor-normal-metal-superconductor Josephson junction theory. To explain these effects, we adopt and corroborate a microscopic picture based on alloy phase stability that was previously demonstrated by others. We also successfully demonstrate a method to stabilize junctions made with Nb{sub x}Si{sub 1-x} barriers by intentionally annealing wafers during fabrication.

Baek, B.; Dresselhaus, P. D.; Benz, S. P. [National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder, Colorado 80305 (United States)

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Surface Treatments of Nb by Buffered Electropolishing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Buffered electropolishing (BEP) is a Nb surface treatment technique developed at Jefferson Lab1. Experimental results obtained from flat Nb samples show2-4 that BEP can produce a surface finish much smoother than that produced by the conventional electropolishing (EP), while Nb removal rate can be as high as 4.67 ?m/min. This new technique has been applied to the treatments of Nb SRF single cell cavity employing a vertical polishing system5 constructed at JLab as well as a horizontal polishing system at CEA Saclay. Preliminary results show that the accelerating gradient can reach 32 MV/m for a large grain cavity and 26.7 MV/m for a regular grain cavity. In this presentation, the latest progresses from the international collaboration between Peking University, CEA Saclay, and JLab on BEP will be summarized.

Wu, Andy T. [JLAB; Rimmer, Robert A. [JLAB; Ciovati, Gianluigi [JLAB; Manus, Robert L. [JLAb; Reece, Charles E. [JLAB; Williams, J. S. [JLAB; Eozénou, F. [CEA, Gif-sur-Yvette; Jin, S. [PKU/IHIP, Beijing; Lin, L. [PKU/IHIP, Beijing; Lu, X.Y. [PKU/IHIP, Beijing; Mammosser, John D. [JLAB; Wang, E. [BNL

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nb ta db" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Advances in Nb3Sn Performance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nb{sub 3}Sn wires with non-Cu critical current densities (J{sub c}) that surpass 3 kAmm{sup -2} at 12 T and 4.2 K are commercially available in piece lengths longer than 10 km. Accelerator-type magnets that utilize these conductors have achieved record magnetic fields. This article summarizes key developments in the last decade that have led to these significant improvements in the performance of Nb{sub 3}Sn wires.

Godeke, Arno

2008-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

42

FORAST Database (DB1005)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Atmospheric Trace Gases » Ozone » FORAST Database Atmospheric Trace Gases » Ozone » FORAST Database FORAST Database DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/vrc.db1005 data Data Investigators S. B. McLaughlin, D. J. Downing, T. J. Blasing, B. L. Jackson, D. J. Pack, D. N. Duvick, L. K. Mann, and T. W. Doyle Description The Forest Responses to Anthropogenic Stress (FORAST) project was designed (1) to determine whether evidence of alterations of long-term growth patterns of several species of eastern forest trees was apparent in tree-ring chronologies from within the region and (2) to identify environmental variables that were temporally or spatially correlated with any observed changes. The project was supported principally by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) with additional support from the National Park Service.

43

LANS DB PENSION PLAN  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

December 2010 December 2010 u:\my documents\pension plan\revised tcp1 db plan spd dec 2010.doc LANS Defined Benefit Pension Plan Summary Plan Description This Summary Plan Description (SPD) is intended to provide a summary of the principal features of the LANS Defined Benefit Pension Plan ("Plan") and is not meant to interpret, extend or change the Plan in any way. This SPD will continue to be updated. Please check back on a regular basis for the most recent version. Nothing in the Plan and/or this SPD shall be construed as giving any member the right to be retained in service with LANS or any affiliated company, or as a guarantee of any rights or benefits under the Plan. LANS, in its sole discretion, reserves the right to amend the SPD or Plan, or to terminate the Plan, at any time.

44

TA53. Name of Tour: Tour Host and Z#: Date:  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

LANL-prohibited items (see P202-5). Y No NA Explain camera prohibition, including cell-phone cameras (P202-5, pg. 4). Y No NA Coordinate through LANSCE (TA-53) LANSCE...

45

Photoconduction in the Peierls conductor monoclinic TaS$_3$  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Photoconduction in the monoclinic phase of quasi-one-dimensional conductor TaS$_3$ has been observed at $T quality dependence of both photoconduction and dark conduction at this temperature region has been observed. Together with a similarity of the main features of the photoconduction characteristic of both monoclinic ({\\it m-}TaS$_3$) and orthorhombic ({\\it o-}TaS$_3$) samples the following new peculiarities of photoconduction in {\\it m-}TaS$_3$ were found: 1) the dependence of the activation energy of photoconduction on temperature, $T$, 2) the change of the recombination mechanism from the linear type to the collisional one at low $T$ with a sample quality growth, 3) the existence of a fine structure of the electric-field dependence of photoconduction. Spectral study gives the Peierls energy gap value $2\\Delta ^*= 0.18$~eV.

V. E. Minakova; V. F. Nasretdinova; S. V. Zaitsev-Zotov

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Electrical conductivity of plasmas of DB white dwarf atmospheres  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Electrical conductivity of plasmas of DB white dwarf atmospheres V. A. Sreckovic 1 Lj...applicable for the helium plasmas of DB white dwarf atmospheres described in Koester...study of DB white dwarf atmosphere plasma properties, helium plasmas......

V. A. Sreckovic; Lj. M. Ignjatovic; A. A. Mihajlov; M. S. Dimitrijevic

2010-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

47

Microstructural variations in Cu/Nb and Al/Nb nanometallic multilayers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Miscible (Al/Nb) and immiscible (Cu/Nb) nanometallic multilayer systems were characterized by means of transmission electron microscopy techniques, primarily by automated crystallographic orientation mapping, which allows for the resolution of crystal structures and orientations at the nanoscale. By using this technique, distinctive Nb orientations in relation to the crystallographic state of the Al and Cu layer structures can be observed. Specifically, the Al and Cu layers were found to consist of amorphous, semi-amorphous, and crystalline regions, which affect the overall multilayer microstructure.

Polyakov, M. N.; Hodge, A. M. [Department of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089 (United States)] [Department of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089 (United States); Courtois-Manara, E.; Wang, D.; Kuebel, C. [Institute of Nanotechnology and Karlsruhe NanoMicro Facility, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, 76021 Karlsruhe (Germany)] [Institute of Nanotechnology and Karlsruhe NanoMicro Facility, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, 76021 Karlsruhe (Germany); Chakravadhanula, K. [Institute of Nanotechnology and Karlsruhe NanoMicro Facility, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, 76021 Karlsruhe (Germany) [Institute of Nanotechnology and Karlsruhe NanoMicro Facility, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, 76021 Karlsruhe (Germany); Helmholtz Institute Ulm, Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany)

2013-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

48

Mechanical Properties of Ingot Nb Cavities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This contribution presents the results of measurements of the resonant frequency and of strain along the contour of a single-cell cavity made of ingot Nb subjected to increasing uniform differential pressure, up to 6 atm. The data were used to infer mechanical properties of this material after cavity fabrication, by comparison with the results from simulation calculations done with ANSYS. The objective is to provide useful information about the mechanical properties of ingot Nb cavities which can be used in the design phase of SRF cavities intended to be built with this material.

Ciovati, Gianluigi; Dhakal, Pashupati; Kneisel, Peter; Mammosser, John; Matalevich, Joseph; Rao Myneni, Ganapati

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Aluminum-stabilized NB3SN superconductor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An aluminum-stabilized Nb.sub.3 Sn superconductor and process for producing same, utilizing ultrapure aluminum. Ductile components are co-drawn with aluminum to produce a conductor suitable for winding magnets. After winding, the conductor is heated to convert it to the brittle Nb.sub.3 Sn superconductor phase, using a temperature high enough to perform the transformation but still below the melting point of the aluminum. This results in reaction of substantially all of the niobium, while providing stabilization and react-in-place features which are beneficial in the fabrication of magnets utilizing superconducting materials.

Scanlan, Ronald M. (Livermore, CA)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

DB Climate Change Advisors DBCCA | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DB Climate Change Advisors DBCCA Jump to: navigation, search Name: DB Climate Change Advisors (DBCCA) Place: New York, New York Product: New York-based climate change investement...

51

EA-1407: Proposed TA-16 Engineering Complex Refurbishment and Consolidation  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

07: Proposed TA-16 Engineering Complex Refurbishment and 07: Proposed TA-16 Engineering Complex Refurbishment and Consolidation at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico EA-1407: Proposed TA-16 Engineering Complex Refurbishment and Consolidation at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico SUMMARY This EA evaluates the environmental impacts for the proposal to construct and operate offices, laboratories, and shops within the U.S. Department of Energy Los Alamos National Laboratory's (LANL) Technical Area 16 engineering complex where Engineering and Science Applications Division operations would be consolidated from other locations at LANL. PUBLIC COMMENT OPPORTUNITIES None available at this time. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD April 23, 2002 EA-1407: Finding of No Significant Impact

52

Low temperature CVD of TaB/sub 2/  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Crystalline TaB/sub 2/ has been deposited using the CVD reaction of TaCl/sub 5/ and B/sub 2/H/sub 6/ in the temperature range of 773-1200/sup 0/K. Thermodynamic calculations have been made which compare the use of both B/sub 2/H/sub 6/ and BCl/sub 3/ as B source gases. The deposits obtained with B/sub 2/H/sub 6/ exhibited extremely small crystal size and contained amorphous B when the deposition temperature was below approx. 873/sup 0/K but were substoichiometric in B above this temperature. Carbon analysis indicated that C may substitute for B and thereby stabilize the diboride structure at high deposition temperatures. Microhardness of the coatings decreased with increasing B/Ta ratio and decreasing crystal size.

Randich, E.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Method for producing Nb/sub 3/Sn superconductor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method for producing Nb/sub 3/Sn superconductors is described which comsists of forming a composite consisting of a core portion and a sheath portion surrounding the core portion, said sheath portion being composed of a Cu-Sn alloy, and the core portion being composed of a Nb metal; elongating the composite; and heat-treating the resulting elongated composite to form an Nb/sub 3/Sn layer between the sheath and core portions; the improvement wherein the Cu-Sn alloy contains 1 to 20 atomic percent of Sn and the Nb metal is an Nb alloy containing 0.1 to 30 atomic percent of Hf.

Sekine, H.; Tachikawa, K.

1980-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

54

Evaluation of airflow patterns in 2706-T and 2706-TA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the adequacy of the current placement of fixed head air samplers and continuous air monitors (CAMs) in the 2706-T and 2706-TA Complex. The airflow study consisted of 6 configurations of facility HVAC and HEPA filtration equipment to determine impacts on CAM location. The results of this study provide recommendations based on guidance in DOE G 411.1-8 and NUREG-1400 for placement of fixed head air samplers or CAMS within 2706-T and 2706-TA.

DEROSA, D.C.

1999-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

55

EEB 324: Theoretical Ecology (TA: Marissa Baskett) Useful Matlab commands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EEB 324: Theoretical Ecology (TA: Marissa Baskett) Useful Matlab commands Basics help function is for ... Comments in function and script files: any text after the % is ignored by Matlab global x Make x a global/Output For input and output within Matlab save('fileName.mat','x','y') Save x and y in a file called file

Baskett, Marissa L.

56

DB-Netz AG Offices  

High Performance Buildings Database

Hamm, Germany The new office building for DB Netz AG was designed by the collaborative team of Architrav Architects and the Buildings Physics and Technical Building Services group of the University of Karlsruhe. The team developed an energy efficient building concept for the 64,304 sqft office building, located in Hamm, Germany. The design concept of the building is dominated by architectural solutions for ventilation, cooling and lighting. Use of HVAC and electric lighting is minimized as much as possible.

57

The TE Wave Transmission Method for Electron Cloud Measurements at Cesr-TA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CLOUD MEASUREMENTS AT CESR-TA* S. De Santis # , J. Byrd,Wave measurements at the Cesr-TA ring at Cornell University.CBP-836 THE TE WAVE TRANSMISSION METHOD FOR

Desantis, S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Resonance Neutron Capture in Nb93  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Spectra from radiative capture in S- and P-wave resonances in Nb93 have been compared. Differences in these spectra are interpreted to indicate the presence of sizable two-particle—one-hole components in the capturing states. S-wave intensities show no correlation with (d,p) intensities to the same final states, but P-wave intensities exhibit a significant correlation. Lack of a correlation with the initial-state reduced widths rules out an appreciable channel-capture effect in this experiment. The differences in S- and P-wave total radiation widths are discussed. Seven neutron-resonance spin assignments are made, based on the capture ?-ray spectra, and 11 new final states in Nb94 are observed and tabulated.

R. E. Chrien; K. Rimawi; J. B. Garg

1971-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

"Fine grain Nb tube for SRF cavities"  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Superconducting radio frequency (SRF) cavities used in charged particle linear accelerators, are currently fabricated by deep drawing niobium sheets and welding the drawn dishes together. The Nb sheet has a non-uniform microstructure, which leads to unpredictable cavity shape and surface roughness, and inconsistent "spring-back" during forming. In addition, weld zones cause hot spots during cavity operation. These factors limit linear accelerator performance and increase cavity manufacturing cost. Equal channel angular extrusion (ECAE) can be used to refine and homogenize the microstructure of Nb tube for subsequent hydroforming into SRF cavities. Careful selection of deformation and heat treatment conditions during the processing steps can give a uniform and consistent microstructure in the tube, leading to improved deformability and lower manufacturing costs. Favorable microstructures were achieved in short test samples of RRR Nb tube, which may be particularly suitable for hydroforming into SRF cavity strings. The approach demonstrated could be applicable to microstructure engineering of other tube materials including tantalum, titanium, and zirconium.

Robert E. Barber

2012-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

60

Comparison of Nb/sub 3/Sn and NbTi superconductor magnet ITER (International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor) devices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The TETRA tokamak systems code is used to compare designs for the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) that use Nb/sub 3/Sn and NbTi superconductor magnets. Similar minimum-cost devices are found with both types of conductors when superfluid helium (He-2) is used in conjunction with the NbTi. The cost of using NbTi with He-1 cooling is much higher than that of using Nb/sub 3/Sn or NbTi with He-2 cooling. Generally, the minimum-cost devices occur for peak fields at the toroidal field coil of about 11.5-13 T, depending on the physics requirements. Sensitivities to the allowable stress level indicate strong cost increases when the stress is reduced from the nominal 600-MPa level and weaker cost benefits when the stress is allowed to reach higher levels. 8 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.

Galambos, J.D.; Peng, Y.K.M.; Reid, R.L.; Lubell, M.S.; Dresner, L.; Miller, J.R.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nb ta db" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Synthesis of Nb/sub 3/Ga and Nb/sub 3/Al superconducting composites by laser beam irradiation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nb/sub 3/Ga and Nb/sub 3/Al superconductors were successfully fabricated by continuous CO/sub 2/ laser beam irradiation of a moving material. Transition temperatures after the irradiation are 17.0 and 16.5 K, respectively. These temperatures are increased by approx.2 K by the subsequent annealings. Critical current density J/sub c/ (for the reacted area) of 3 x 10/sup 4/ A/cm/sup 2/ at 15 T and 4.2 K is obtained for Nb/sub 3/Al tape with small magnetic field dependence up to 23 T. The results indicate that the continuous laser beam irradiation is a very attractive method for fabricating advanced superconductors, such as Nb/sub 3/Ga, Nb/sub 3/Al, Nb/sub 3/(Al,Ge), etc.

Kumakura, H.; Togano, K.; Tachikawa, K.; Yamada, Y.; Murase, S.; Nakamura, E.; Sasaki, M.

1986-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

62

A combinatorial investigation of sputtered Ta–Al–C thin films  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract We describe a combinatorial experiment investigating the Ta–Al–C material system, conducted with the aim of determining why the tantalum-containing Mn + 1AXn phases have so far proved to be not amenable to thin-film synthesis. Samples were deposited onto (0001) Al2O3 wafers at 850 °C and characterized by X-ray diffraction wafer maps, scanning electron microscopy, and surface optical scattering. Elemental Ta, the binary phases TaC, Ta2C, and TaAl3, and the ternary phases Ta3Al2C and Ta5Al3C were identified. The morphology, phase composition and preferred orientation of the films deposited were found to be highly sensitive to the Ta fraction of the incident flux during deposition. No MAX phase material was observed, indicating that the Ta-containing MAX phases do not form under the deposition conditions investigated. Explanations associated with inadequate coverage of stochiometries, preferential sputtering, and thermodynamic instability have been ruled out. An explanation based on reduced surface diffusion of Ta during growth is proposed. A substantially higher substrate temperature during deposition is likely to be required to synthesize Ta-containing MAX phases.

Mark D. Tucker; Marcela M.M. Bilek; David R. McKenzie

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Synthesis and Optical Properties of NuTaN2: Potential Solar Cell Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Layered CuTaN2 was synthesized by an ion exchange reaction of CuI and NaTaN2 as previously reported. Based on the results of EDX analysis, the Cu:Ta ratio of the CuTaN2 sample was 1:1 within the overall errors when examining powders of +/-10% and no Na was detected. The crystal structure and thermal stability of CuTaN2 was accurately determined by Rietveld analysis of the powder X-ray Diffraction profile and by TGA analysis, respectively. CuTaN2 crystallizes in a rhombohedral structure with space group R-3mH as shown in [figure 1]. CuTaN2 possesses a band gap of 1.53(x) eV, which is in reasonable agreement with density functional theory calculations of Cu containing nitrides. Similar materials may be even better suited for solar cell application.

Yang, M.; Zakutayev, A.; Zhang, X.; Ginley, D.; DiSalvo, F.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Formation of Nb/sub 3/Al in powder processed Nb-Al superconductors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In high magnetic fields, the critical current density is strongly dependent on the upper critical field, which is determined primarily by the stoichiometry of the Nb/sub 3/Al. The critical temperature (T/sub c/), like the upper critical field, is considered to be a measure of the ''intrinsic'' quality of the superconductor, indicating the stoichiometry, order, and strain. If the A15 phase is stoichiometric and well ordered, a high T/sub c/ (and high H/sub C/sub 2//) is expected, regardless of the volume fraction of superconductor. On the other hand, if sigma phase is present with the A15, the resultant composition gradient across the sigma-A15 interface(s) requires that some of the A15 be off-stoichiometric, and therefore that the T/sub c/ (and H/sub C/sub 2//) be low. Thus the extent of the A15 (Nb/sub 3/Al) reaction and the quality of the A15 formed are interdependent. This work focuses on the factors that control the extent of Nb/sub 3/Al formation in Nb/Al powder wires. The morphology and content of the reacted and unreacted wires are studied in optical, SEM, and TEM micrographs. Critical current density data and its dependence on processing are explained in terms of the unreacted microstructure and its effect on the extent of Nb/sub 3/Al formation. As a method of improving the critical current density, a new variation of the conventional powder process for wire manufacturing is developed and tested.

Johnson, P.E.

1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Relational Database SQL: Querying the Relational DB  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: auto-completion and command history Weigang Qiu Relational Database & SQL #12;Relational Database SQLRelational Database SQL: Querying the Relational DB Workshop: the "genome" Database Relational Database & SQL Weigang Qiu Department of Biological Sciences Hunter College BIOL 425 Computational

Qiu, Weigang

66

A Review of the Properties of Nb3Sn and Their Variation with A15Composition, Morphology and Strain State  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Significant efforts can be found throughout the literature to optimize the current carrying capacity of Nb{sub 3}Sn superconducting wires. The achievable transport current density in wires depends on the A15 composition, morphology and strain state. The A15 sections in wires contain, due to compositional inhomogeneities resulting from solid state diffusion A15 formation reactions, a distribution of superconducting properties. The A15 grain size can be different from wire to wire and is also not necessarily homogeneous across the A15 regions. Strain is always present in composite wires, and the strain state changes as a result of thermal contraction differences and Lorentz forces in magnet systems. To optimize the transport properties it is thus required to identify how composition, grain size and strain state influence the superconducting properties. This is not accurately possible in inhomogeneous and spatially complex systems such as wires. This article therefore gives an overview of the available literature on simplified, well defined(quasi--)homogeneous laboratory samples. After more than 50 years of research on superconductivity in Nb{sub 3}Sn, a significant amount of results are available, but these are scattered over a multitude of publications. Two reviews exist on the basic properties of A15 materials in general, but no specific review for Nb{sub 3}Sn is available. This article is intended to provide such an overview. It starts with a basic description of the Niobium--Tin intermetallic. After this it maps the influence of Sn content on the electron--phonon interaction strength and on the field-temperature phase boundary. The literature on the influence of Cu, Ti and Ta additions will then be briefly summarized.This is followed by a review on the effects of grain size and strain. The article is concluded with a summary of the main results.

Godeke, Arno

2006-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

67

CRAD, Quality Assurance - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

TA 55 SST TA 55 SST Facility CRAD, Quality Assurance - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) used for an assessment of the Quality Assurance Program at the Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility. CRADs provide a recommended approach and the types of information to gather to assess elements of a DOE contractor's programs. CRAD, Quality Assurance - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility More Documents & Publications CRAD, Quality Assurance - Los Alamos National Laboratory Waste Characterization, Reduction, and Repackaging Facility CRAD, Management - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility

68

Magnetotransport measurements of current induced effective fields in Ta/CoFeB/MgO  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We evaluate current-induced effective magnetic fields in perpendicularly magnetized Ta/CoFeB/MgO structures from the external magnetic field angle dependence of the Hall resistance. We confirm the presence of two components of effective fields. The dependence of their magnitudes on Ta thickness implies that both components are related to the spin current in Ta layer generated by the spin Hall effect.

Zhang, Chaoliang [Laboratory for Nanoelectronics and Spintronics, Research Institute of Electrical Communication, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan)] [Laboratory for Nanoelectronics and Spintronics, Research Institute of Electrical Communication, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Yamanouchi, Michihiko, E-mail: m-yama@riec.tohoku.ac.jp; Ikeda, Shoji [Laboratory for Nanoelectronics and Spintronics, Research Institute of Electrical Communication, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan) [Laboratory for Nanoelectronics and Spintronics, Research Institute of Electrical Communication, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Center for Spintronics Integrated Systems, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Sato, Hideo; Fukami, Shunsuke [Center for Spintronics Integrated Systems, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan)] [Center for Spintronics Integrated Systems, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Matsukura, Fumihiro; Ohno, Hideo [Laboratory for Nanoelectronics and Spintronics, Research Institute of Electrical Communication, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan) [Laboratory for Nanoelectronics and Spintronics, Research Institute of Electrical Communication, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Center for Spintronics Integrated Systems, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); WPI Advanced Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan)

2013-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

69

Overdamped Nb/Al-AlO{sub x}/Nb Josephson junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the fabrication and characterization of overdamped Nb/Al-AlO{sub x}/Nb superconductor-insulator-superconductor Josephson junction whose fabrication process derives from that of the well-known hysteretic junctions. These junctions are an intermediate state between the superconductor-normal metal-superconductor and the superconductor-insulator-superconductor Josephson junctions. Stable and reproducible nonhysteretic current-voltage characteristics are obtained with a proper choice of the fabrication parameters. We have measured critical current densities J{sub C} from 10{sup 3} up to 2x10{sup 4} A/cm{sup 2}, with characteristic voltages from 80 to nearly 450 {mu}V. The junctions are stable against time and repeated thermal cycling.

Lacquaniti, V.; Cagliero, C.; Maggi, S.; Steni, R. [Thin Films Department, IEN 'G. Ferraris', Strada delle Cacce 91, I-10135, Torino (Italy)

2005-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

70

A Low Noise NbTiN-based 850 GHz SIS Receiver for the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the 350 micron atmospheric window. This frequency band lies entirely above the energy gap of niobium (700 that consists of two Nb/AlN/NbTiN tunnel junctions, NbTiN thin-film microstrip tuning elements, and a Nb window was deployed at the CSO. It used a novel 1 µm thick Silicon Nitride membrane which support an all

71

Processing and Oxidation Behavior of Nb-Si-B Intermetallics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Single phase materials of {alpha}-Nb{sub 5}Si{sub 3}, Nb{sub 5}(Si,B){sub 3} (T2) and Nb{sub 5}Si{sub 3}B{sub x} (D8{sub 8}) in the Nb-Si-B system were prepared by powder metallurgy processing. T2 was almost fully dense, while {alpha}-Nb{sub 5}Si{sub 3} and D8{sub 8} were porous after sintering at 1900 C for 2 hours. The lattice parameters of T2 decreased linearly with the substitution of B for Si. Isothermal oxidation testing at 1000 C in flowing air indicated that the oxidation resistances of T2 and D8{sub 8} are much better than {alpha}-Nb{sub 5}Si{sub 3}, but still extremely poor compared to the boron-modified Mo{sub 5}Si{sub 3}. Extensive cracking in the oxide scale and matrix were observed and arose from the volume expansion associated with the formation of Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5} and boron-containing silica glass.

Y.LIU; A.J. Thom; M.J. Kramer; M. Akinc

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

72

Reduced-temperature processing and consolidation of ultra-refractory Ta4HfC5  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

TaC, HfC, and WC powders were subjected to high-energy milling and hot pressing to produce Ta4HfC5, a composite of Ta(4)HfC5 + 30 vol.% WC, and a composite of Ta4HfC5 + 50 vol.% WC. Sub-micron powders were examined after four different milling intervals prior to hot pressing. XRD was used to verify proper phase formation. SEM, relative density, and hardness measurements were used to examine the resulting phases. Hot pressed compacts of Ta4HfC5 showed densification as high as 98.6% along with Vickers hardness values of 21.4 GPa. Similarly, Ta4HfC5 + 30 vol.% WC exhibited 99% densification with a Vickers hardness of 22.5 GPa. These levels of densification were achieved at 1500 degrees C, which is lower than any previously reported sintering temperature for Ta4HfC5. Microhardness values measured in this study were higher than those previously reported for Ta4HfC5. The WC additions to Ta4HfC5 were found to improve densification and increase microhardness. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Gaballa, Osama [Ames Laboratory; Cook, B. A. [TRI International; Russell, A. M. [Ames Laboratory

2013-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

73

Geology of the Western Part of Los Alamos National Laboratory (TA-3 to TA-16), Rio Grande Rift, New Mexico  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present data that elucidate the stratigraphy, geomorphology, and structure in the western part of Los Alamos National Laboratory between Technical Areas 3 and 16 (TA-3 and TA-16). Data include those gathered by geologic mapping of surficial, post-Bandelier Tuff strata, conventional and high-precision geologic mapping and geochemical analysis of cooling units within the Bandelier Tuff, logging of boreholes and a gas pipeline trench, and structural analysis using profiles, cross sections, structure contour maps, and stereographic projections. This work contributes to an improved understanding of the paleoseismic and geomorphic history of the area, which will aid in future seismic hazard evaluations and other investigations. The study area lies at the base of the main, 120-m (400-ft) high escarpment formed by the Pajarito fault, an active fault of the Rio Grande rift that bounds Los Alamos National Laboratory on the west. Subsidiary fracturing, faulting, and folding associated with the Pajarito fault zone extends at least 1,500 m (5,000 ft) to the east of the main Pajarito fault escarpment. Stratigraphic units in the study area include upper units of the Tshirege Member of the early Pleistocene Bandelier Tuff, early Pleistocene alluvial fan deposits that predate incision of canyons on this part of the Pajarito Plateau, and younger Pleistocene and Holocene alluvium and colluvium that postdate drainage incision. We discriminate four sets of structures in the area between TA-3 and TA-16: (a) north-striking faults and folds that mark the main zone of deformation, including a graben in the central part of the study area; (b) north-northwest-striking fractures and rare faults that bound the eastern side of the principal zone of deformation and may be the surface expression of deep-seated faulting; (c) rare northeast-striking structures near the northern limit of the area associated with the southern end of the Rendija Canyon fault; and (d) several small east-west-striking faults. We consider all structures to be Quaternary in that they postdate the Tshirege Member (1.22 million years old) of the Bandelier Tuff. Older mesa-top alluvial deposits (Qoal), which may have a large age range but are probably in part about 1.13 million years old, are clearly faulted or deformed by many structures. At two localities, younger alluvial units (Qfo and Qfi) appear to be truncated by faults, but field relations are obscure, and we cannot confirm the presence of fault contacts. The youngest known faulting in the study area occurred in Holocene time on a down-to-the-west fault, recently trenched at the site of a new LANL Emergency Operations Center (Reneau et al. 2002).

C.J.Lewis; A.Lavine; S.L.Reneau; J.N.Gardner; R.Channell; C.W.Criswell

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Excitation Functions of Proton-Induced Reactions of Nb93  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The excitation functions for the (p, n), (p, pn), and (p, ?n) reactions of Nb93 have been determined with proton energies up to 21 Mev. A new niobium activity with half-life of 13±2 hours was found and has been assigned to an isomeric state of Nb92. This new activity decays by electron capture and emits a 2.35-Mev gamma ray. Recent results by other workers on the characteristics of the 10-day Nb92 were verified.

Ralph A. James

1954-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

75

Muon production of 92,94Nb in the Earth's crust  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... and by 93Nb (n,y) 94Nb, where the neutrons are regarded as arising from muon capture on all species in the Earth's crust. On the other hand, 92Nb ... 92Nb,94Mo (m-,2n) 92Nb, and so on. We use a theory of muon capture as developed by Singer4 in order to evaluate the various branchings following the ...

DONALD D. CLAYTON; JOHN A. MORGAN

1977-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

76

Using SciDB to Support Photon Science Data Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Array data analytic systems like SciDB hold great potential to accelerate processing data from SLAC's Linac Coherent Light Source and other experiments. SciDB is unique in its ability to integrate storage and processing of array data efficiently, providing both space-efficient storage and out-of-memory efficient parallel array processing. We describe a recent effort to leverage SciDB to store and process LCLS data. The work includes development of software to import data into SciDB, subsequent benchmarks, and interactive manipulation of data in SciDB.

Becla, Jack; Wang, Daniel; lim, Kian-Tat; /SLAC

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

77

Alternative Mechanical Structure for LARP Nb3Sn Quadrupoles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2] G . Ambrosio el ai, "Mechanical performance of the L A RAlternative Mechanical Structure LARP Nb Sn Quadrupoles M .was performed for the 2-D mechanical structure. 2-D 6-node

Anerella, M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Characterization of Nb?Sn superconducting strand under pure bending  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Characterizing the strain-dependent behavior of technological Nb?Sn superconducting strand has been an important subject of research for the past 25 years. Most of the effort has focused on understanding the uniaxial tension ...

Harris, David L., S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Critical Current Metrology for Nb3Sn Conductor Development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The research is focused on the variable temperature studies of high-performance Nb3Sn and other high-field conductors for the next-generation of HEP magnets.

Goodrich, Loren F. [NIST

2013-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

80

C15 intermetallic compounds HfV{sub 2}+Nb  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Phase fields and equilibria in the Hf-V-Nb system were determined using a combination-of SEM, EDS and x-ray diffraction. The structural stability of the C15 HfV{sub 2+}Nb was studied by x-ray diffraction and specific heat measurements. The elastic constants of C15 HfV{sub 2+}Nb were measured by the resonant ultrasound spectroscopy technique. First-principle quantum mechanical calculations based on the local-density-functional theory have been employed to study the total energy and electronic structure of C15 HfV{sub 2}, which can be used to understand the physical and metallurgical properties of the C15 intermetallics HfV{sub 2+}Nb.

Chu, F.; Chen, S.P.; Mitchell, T.E. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Pope, D.P. [Pennsylvania Univ., Philadelphia, PA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering; Liu, C.T. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nb ta db" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Poly(ethyleneimine) as a Passivating Agent for Ta Chemical Mechanical Planarization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of approximately 3 times in the Ta removal rate in a model CMP slurry upon addition of 3000 ppm PEI. © 2010 allow reduced downforce or higher removal rates. These observations are consistent with an increase and Ta removal and nanoscale planarization.3,4 Cu is easily chemically etched, so the chemical component

Suni, Ian Ivar

82

Physical and chemical characterization of combinatorial metal gate electrode Ta-C-N library film  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports comprehensive structural and chemical analyses for the combinatorial Ta-C-N/HfO{sub 2} system, crucial data for understanding the electrical properties of Ta-C-N/HfO{sub 2}. Combinatorial Ta-C-N 'library' (composition spread) films were deposited by magnetron sputtering. Electron probe wavelength dispersive spectroscopy and x-ray fluorescence-yield near-edge spectroscopy were used to quantitatively determine the composition across these films. Scanning x-ray microdiffractometry determined that a solid solution of Ta(C,N){sub x} forms and extends to compositions (0.3<=Ta<=0.5 and 0.57<=Ta<=0.67) that were previously unknown. The thermal stability of the Ta-C-N/HfO{sub 2} library was studied using high resolution transmission electron microscopy, which shows Ta-C-N/HfO{sub 2}/SiO{sub 2}/Si exhibiting good thermal stability up to 950 deg. C.

Chang, K.-S. [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 (United States); Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States); Green, M. L.; Levin, I.; Hattrick-Simpers, J. R.; Jaye, C.; Fischer, D. A. [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 (United States); Takeuchi, I. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States); De Gendt, S. [IMEC, Kapeldreef 75, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium and Department of Chemistry, KU Leuven, 3000 Leuven (Belgium)

2010-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

83

Physica E 40 (2007) 430433 Trigger system for the TA fluorescence detector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the SD array enables us to improve the energy and angular resolution. The TA is expected to achieve detector (SD) array to study ultra high energy cosmic rays. In this paper, we describe the development and status of the trigger system for the TA FDs. The trigger system consists of three components, those

84

Oxidation behavior of Cr-Cr{sub 2}Nb alloys  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Oxidation of hypoeutectic Cr-Cr{sub 2}Nb alloys containing 6 and 12% Nb at 950 C resulted in formation of a multiproduct scale consisting of a continuous Cr{sub 2}O{sub 3} outer layer and an inner region of discrete CrNbO{sub 4} products interspersed with Cr{sub 2}O{sub 3}. Overall oxidation behavior resembled that of Cr as reactions with the Cr-rich phase tended to dominate. Oxidation resistance, in terms of reaction kinetics and scale adherence, increased with increasing volume fraction of the Cr-Cr{sub 2}Nb eutectic phase. A model for the oxidation of these alloys based on the growth of Cr{sub 2}O{sub 3} on the Cr-rich matrix regions and the formation of a slower growing CrNbO{sub 4} on the Cr{sub 2}Nb-enriched phase can qualitatively explain the development of the multiproduct scale and the observed gravimetric and spallation results. Possible microstructural/compositional modifications to improve oxidation resistance are suggested.

Tortorelli, P.F.; Pint, B.A.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

85

CRAD, Occupational Safety & Health - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility CRAD, Occupational Safety & Health - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) used for an assessment of the Industrial Hygiene program at the Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility. CRADs provide a recommended approach and the types of information to gather to assess elements of a DOE contractor's programs. CRAD, Occupational Safety & Health - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility More Documents & Publications CRAD, Conduct of Operations - Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST

86

Chemical Concentrations in Field Mice from Open-Detonation Firing Sites TA-36 Minie and TA-39 Point 6 at Los Alamos National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Field mice (mostly Peromyscus spp.) were collected at two open-detonation (high explosive) firing sites - Minie at Technical Area (TA) 36 and Point 6 at TA-39 - at Los Alamos National Laboratory in August of 2010 and in February of 2011 for chemical analysis. Samples of whole body field mice from both sites were analyzed for target analyte list elements (mostly metals), dioxin/furans, polychlorinated biphenyl congeners, high explosives, and perchlorate. In addition, uranium isotopes were analyzed in a composite sample collected from TA-36 Minie. In general, all constituents, with the exception of lead at TA-39 Point 6, in whole body field mice samples collected from these two open-detonation firing sites were either not detected or they were detected below regional statistical reference levels (99% confidence level), biota dose screening levels, and/or soil ecological chemical screening levels. The amount of lead in field mice tissue collected from TA-39 Point 6 was higher than regional background, and some lead levels in the soil were higher than the ecological screening level for the field mouse; however, these levels are not expected to affect the viability of the populations over the site as a whole.

Fresquez, Philip R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Lifetime measurements in Nb93 from photon and inelastic neutron scattering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The low-spin structure of Nb93 has been studied using the Nb93(?,?'), Nb93(n,n'?) and Zr94(p,2n??)Nb93 reactions. Lifetimes were determined from both Nb93(?,?') and Nb93(n,n'?) measurements. Branching ratios were measured, and multipolarities and spin assignments were determined from the Zr94(p,2n??)Nb93 angular correlation experiment. From M1 and E2 strengths, the J?=9/2+ and 7/2+ states at 1297.1 keV and 1483.6 keV, respectively, are proposed as members of the quintet of mixed-symmetry states associated with the ?1g9/2?(21,MS+,Zr92) configuration. The large B(M1) values determined in Nb93 cannot be explained within the weak coupling limit of the interacting boson fermion model.

J. N. Orce; C. Fransen; A. Linnemann; C. J. McKay; S. R. Lesher; N. Pietralla; V. Werner; G. Friessner; C. Kohstall; D. Mücher; H. H. Pitz; M. Scheck; C. Scholl; F. Stedile; N. Warr; S. Walter; P. von Brentano; U. Kneissl; M. T. McEllistrem; S. W. Yates

2007-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

88

Influence of shockwave obliquity on deformation twin formation in Ta  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Energetic loading subjects a material to a 'Taylor wave' (triangular wave) loading profile that experiences an evolving balance of hydrostatic (spherical) and deviatoric stresses. While much has been learned over the past five decades concerning the propensity of deformation twinning in samples shockloaded using 'square-topped' profiles as a function of peak stress, achieved most commonly via flyer plate loading, less is known concerning twinning propensity during non-I-dimensional sweeping detonation wave loading. Systematic small-scale energetically-driven shock loading experiments were conducted on Ta samples shock loaded with PEFN that was edge detonated. Deformation twinning was quantified in post-mortem samples as a function of detonation geometry and radial position. In the edge detonated loading geometry examined in this paper, the average volume fraction of deformation twins was observed to drastically increase with increasing shock obliquity. The results of this study are discussed in light of the formation mechanisms of deformation twins, previous literature studies of twinning in shocked materials, and modeling of the effects of shock obliquity on the evolution of the stress tensor during shock loading.

Gray, George T., III [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Livescu, V [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Cerreta, E K [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mason, T A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Maudlin, P J [RETIRED; Bingert, J F [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

89

NEPA REVIEW LASO-10-002 CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION PAJARITO ROAD RIGHT-OF-WAY SHIFT AT TA-50 AND TA-55  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

REVIEW REVIEW LASO-10-002 CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION PAJARITO ROAD RIGHT-OF-WAY SHIFT AT TA-50 AND TA-55 1. DESCRIPTION OF PROPOSED ACTION: LANL proposes to shift a segment of Pajarito Road slightly to the south along the edge of Two-Mile Canyon in the vicinity of TA-55. The existing centerline would be moved between 36 feet and 56 feet depending on final designs. This shift would address the need to integrate security requirements related to the Chemistry and Metallurgy Building Replacement Project (CMRR) and the Nuclear Materials Safeguards and Security Upgrades Project (NMSSIJP) - specifically placement of the Perimeter Intrusion Detection, Assessment, and Delay System fence improvements in proximity to Pajarito Road. Pajarito Road is not open to the public and is secured to preclude unauthorized access to the facilities between

90

Search for parity violation in 93Nb neutron resonances  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new search has been performed for parity violation in the compound nuclear states of 94Nb by measuring the helicity dependence of the neutron total cross section. Transmission measurements on a thick niobium target were performed by the time-of-flight method at the Manuel Lujan Neutron Scattering Center with a longitudinally polarized neutron beam in the energy range 32 to 1000 eV. A total of 18 p-wave resonances in 93Nb were studied with none exhibiting a statistically significant parity-violating longitudinal asymmetry. An upper limit of 1.0×10-7 eV (95% confidence level) was obtained for the weak spreading width ?w in 93Nb.

E. I. Sharapov; J. D. Bowman; B. E. Crawford; P. P. J. Delheij; C. M. Frankle; K. Fukuda; M. Iinuma; J. N. Knudson; S. J. Lokitz; L. Y. Lowie; A. Masaike; Y. Masuda; Y. Matsuda; G. E. Mitchell; S. I. Penttilä; H. Postma; N. R. Roberson; S. J. Seestrom; H. M. Shimizu; S. L. Stephenson; Y.-F. Yen; V. W. Yuan

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Transition strengths in 86Nb and 86Zr  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mean lifetimes of states in 86Nb and 86Zr produced by the 58Ni(32S,3pn)86Nb and 58Ni(32S,4p)86Zr reactions at 130 MeV have been measured using the recoil-distance method. The B(E2) strength of 11(2) W.u. for the 8+?6+ transition in 86Nb implies weak collectivity at low excitation energies for the ?=+yrast band. The weak dipole transition strength of the 8+?7 decay suggests that the configuration for the 7? state is different from that of the other yrast states. In general, the B(E2) rates obtained for transitions in 86Zr agree with those previously published, thus supporting the suggestion of a weakly collective structure based on shell-model excitations at low energies. Hartree-Fock-Bogolyubov cranking calculations indicate a spherical shape for low-spin vacuum configuration states in 86Zr.

R. A. Kaye, J. B. Adams, A. Hale, C. Smith, G. Z. Solomon, S. L. Tabor, G. García-Bermúdez, M. A. Cardona, A. Filevich, and L. Szybisz

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

OXYDATION ET PHNOMNE DE PESTE DE L'ALUMINIURE DE NIOBIUM NbAl3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, une couche interne de Nb2Al, une couche externe d'alumine NbAl3/Nb2Al/Al2O3 . Au-dessous de 1100 °C comme application. Abstract. 2014 The niobium aluminide NbAl3 is the major component of the aluminum-base protective coatings on niobium alloys. The oxidation behaviour of this compound has been studied

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

93

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- TA-1 Manhattan Laboratory - NM 11  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

TA-1 Manhattan Laboratory - NM 11 TA-1 Manhattan Laboratory - NM 11 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: TA-1 MANHATTAN LABORATORY (NM.11 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: Main Technical Area LASL LANL NM.11-1 NM.11-2 NM.11-3 Location: Los Alamos , New Mexico NM.11-3 Evaluation Year: 1985 NM.11-1 Site Operations: Nuclear weapons research and development. NM.11-1 NM.11-3 Site Disposition: Site Disposition NM.11-1 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Uranium , Plutonium, Fission Products NM.11-1 NM.11-3 Radiological Survey(s): Yes NM.11-2 NM.11-3 Site Status: Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP NM.11-1 Also see Documents Related to TA-1 MANHATTAN LABORATORY NM.11-1 - DOE Memorandum/Checklist; Jones to File; Subject:

94

Roughening of the interface between grains and liquid matrix in sintered TaC-20Ni  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The grains in TaC-20 wt pct Ni alloy prepared by liquidphase sintering at 1480°C have orthorhombic shapes with flat {100} faces and sharp edges. These grains show abnormal growth. When sintered at 2020°C, the gra...

Young Kyu Cho; Duk Yong Yoon; Jung Hoon Choi…

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

A TA Suppression Method Based on Wavelet Transform for Perpendicular Recording Channels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the recording density yet with the decreasing of the flying heights, the TA effect, as a consequence, is taken into account even more seriously, especially for the designs of future disk drives. Undoubtedly, an approach

Kovintavewat, Piya

96

Collisional spreading of Enceladus' neutral cloud T.A. Cassidy *, R.E. Johnson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Collisional spreading of Enceladus' neutral cloud T.A. Cassidy *, R.E. Johnson Charlottesville exchange momentum, causing deflections whether or not a charge exchange occurs (e.g., Johnson et al., 2006a

Johnson, Robert E.

97

Prediction of hexagonal Ta2O5 structure by first-principles calculations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The undetermined crystal structure of hexagonal Ta2O5 is predicted by the first-principles ultrasoft pseudopotential calculations. Among the several hypothetical structures, the structure which is energetically favorable and consistent with the available experimental data is determined by minimizing the total energy with respect to the volume, the c/a ratio, and the atomic configurations. The predicted structure has the space group of P6/mmm with two formula units in the unit cell. The calculated lattice constants, a=7.191 ? and c=3.831 ?, are in good agreement with the x-ray-diffraction measurement if a is assumed to be twice as large as the measured value due to the extinction rule. The coordination number of O atom to Ta atom is 8 for one Ta atom and 6 for the other three Ta atoms.

Atsuo Fukumoto and Kazutoshi Miwa

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Model independent determination of the spin of the {sup 180}Ta naturally occurring isomer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The hyperfine structures of the 33715.27 cm{sup -1} and 33706.47 cm{sup -1} transitions from the ground state of singly ionized Ta have been measured by collinear laser spectroscopy. The structures were found to contain a large second order contribution. From fitting the observed hyperfine components for both {sup 181}Ta and the {sup 180}Ta naturally occurring isomer it was possible to determine the first and second order hyperfine structure coefficients. As no model independent determination of the nuclear spin of the {sup 180}Ta isomer has been performed, fitting was attempted for a range of spins. A clear chi-squared minimum is obtained for a nuclear spin of 9, in agreement with model dependent measurements.

Bissell, M. L.; Baczynska, K.; Forest, D. H.; Gardner, M. D.; Tungate, G. [School of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT (United Kingdom); Billowes, J.; Campbell, P.; Cheal, B.; Tordoff, B. [Schuster Laboratory, The University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL (United Kingdom); Eronen, T.; Moore, I. D.; Aeystoe, J. [Department of Physics, University of Jyvaeskylae, PB 35 (YFL), FIN-40014 Jyvaeskylae (Finland)

2006-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

99

Kah-nee-ta Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kah-nee-ta Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Kah-nee-ta Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Kah-nee-ta Pool & Spa Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Kah-nee-ta Sector Geothermal energy Type Pool and Spa Location Warm Springs, Oregon Coordinates 44.7634519°, -121.2661625° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

100

Metastable bcc phase formation in the Nb-Cr system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Extended metastable bcc solid solutions of Nb-Xat.%Cr (X = 35, 50, 57, 77, 82, and 94) were synthesized by two-anvil splat-quenching. In addition, bcc (Nb-67at.%Cr) was prepared by mechanically alloying mixtures of niobium and chromium powders. The lattice parameters were measured by X-ray diffraction and the Young`s moduli were measured by low-load microindentation. The composition dependence of the lattice parameters and elastic moduli show a positive deviation with respect to a rule of mixtures. During continuous heating at 15C/min., the metastable precursor bcc phases decomposed at temperatures above 750C to uniformly refined microstructures.

Thoma, D.J.; Schwarz, R.B. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Perepezko, J.H. [Wisconsin Univ., Madison, WI (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering; Plantz, D.H. [Coast Guard Academy, New London, CT (United States). Dept. of Engineering

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nb ta db" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Method for producing Nb/sub 3/Sn superconductors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In a method for producing an nb3sn superconductor which comprises elongating a composite composed of a core portion of an alloy containing niobium and a matrix portion of a copper-tin alloy, a copper-tin-aluminum alloy or a copper-tin-gallium alloy and heat-treating the elongated composite to form an nb3sn layer between the core portion and the matrix portion; the improvement wherein the core portion of the composite is made of a niobiumtitanium alloy containing 0.1 to 10 atomic percent of titanium.

Asano, T.; Tachikawa, K.; Takeuchi, T.

1983-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

102

Process for producing Nb/sub 3/Sn superconducting wires  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A process for producing a Nb/sub 3/Sn superconducting wire, which comprises preparing a composite from a copper alloy material containing 0.1 to 5 atomic percent in total of at least one element of Group IV of the periodic table selected from titanium, zirconium and hafnium, a tin material and a niobium material, processing the composite into a wire, tape or tube, and heat-treating the processed composite at a temperature of 400/sup 0/ to 900/sup 0/ C. to form a Nb/sub 3/Sn compound.

Tachikawa, K.; Yoshida, S.

1984-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

103

Metal valence states in Eu0.7NbO3, EuNbO3, and Eu2Nb5O9 by TB-LMTO-ASA band-structure calculations and resonant photoemission spectroscopy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The electronic structures of Eu2Nb5O9, EuNbO3, and Eu0.7NbO3 have been investigated by photoemission and total-yield spectroscopy with synchrotron radiation, and in the case of Eu2Nb5O9 by tight-binding linear muffin-tin orbital (LMTO) band-structure calculations. A central question for reduced europium niobates is that of the valence of Eu and Nb. Both europium and niobium atoms can appear in different valence states so that various electronic configurations in the title compounds are possible. For this reason, the valence band was studied by the resonant Eu 4d?4f technique to determine the Eu valence. The final-state 4f6 multiplet of divalent Eu is dominant in all spectra. Since there are no 4f density of states at the Fermi level, valence fluctuations are not expected. The niobium valence states were investigated by core-level spectroscopy. We found only one 3d5/23d3/2 doublet for the Nb 3d core level in EuNbO3 and Eu0.7NbO3, while in Eu2Nb5O9, two 3d doublets have been observed, corresponding to two chemically distinct niobium atoms in this compound. The 3d5/2 peak in EuNbO3 is assigned to the +4 nominal valence state at a binding energy of 209.7 eV. The doublet of Eu0.7NbO3 is observed at 0.5 eV higher binding energy (at 210.2 eV), which then corresponds to a nominal Nb+4+? chemical state. In Eu2Nb5O9, the valence of Nb in the NbO6 octahedra is less than +5 and in the Nb6O12 clusters is close to +2 as expected. This is in accordance with the LMTO band-structure calculations.

C. Felser; J. Köhler; A. Simon; O. Jepsen; G. Svensson; S. Cramm; W. Eberhardt

1998-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

104

March 23, 2008 DB:EER Model -1 1 ER to Relational Mapping  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

March 23, 2008 DB:EER Model - 1 1 ER to Relational Mapping #12;March 23, 2008 DB:EER Model - 1 2+ #12;March 23, 2008 DB:EER Model - 1 3 - Introduction In the previous lectures we looked at conceptual into a relational schema. #12;March 23, 2008 DB:EER Model - 1 4 - Mapping Entity Types Mapping of Regular Entity

Adam, Salah

105

March 23, 2008 DB:EER Model -1 1 Informal Design Guidelines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

March 23, 2008 DB:EER Model - 1 1 Informal Design Guidelines #12;March 23, 2008 DB:EER Model - 1 2 Design Guidelines for Relational Schema + #12;March 23, 2008 DB:EER Model - 1 3 - Measuring the Quality, 2008 DB:EER Model - 1 4 - Database Design Methodology A Bottom-Up Method We start by identifying all

Adam, Salah

106

Magnetic instabilities in Nb3Sn strands and cables  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes a model for calculation of magnetic instabilities in superconducting wires with transport current and reports results of instability simulations in Nb{sub 3}Sn strands from different manufactures. The effect of magnetic instabilities on the strand and cable performance is presented and a criterion for the maximum effective sub-element size of strands for high field magnets is formulated.

Kashikhim, Vadim V.; Zlobin, Alexander V.; /Fermilab

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Interlaboratory Comparisons of NbTi Critical Current Measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on a multi-institute comparison of critical current data measured on a modern NbTi wire for the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), which has shown a standard deviation below 1% in critical current density spread in more than 1500 measurements. Interlaboratory comparisons on Nb{sub 3}Sn wires have shown ambiguities that could be attributable to strain related differences in critical current density, originating from differences in sample handling, reaction, and mounting techniques, or also to differences in the magnetic field and current calibrations between the institutes. A round robin test of a well characterized NbTi wire provides a baseline variance in critical current results that is presumed to be attributable only to differences in the characterization systems. Systematic differences on the order of 3.5% are found in the comparison. The most likely cause for the observed differences is a small diameter holder that brings the wire into a strain regime in which strain effects can no longer be ignored. A NbTi round robin test, when performed properly, will separate system differences from sample specific differences and provide laboratories with an opportunity to calibrate equipment against a standard measurement.

Godeke, A.; Turrioni, D.; Boutboul, T.; Cheggour, N.; Goodrich, L.F.; Ghosh, A.; Den Ouden, A.; Meinesz, M.

2009-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

108

$Nb_{3}Al$ prototype conductor for the transmission line magnet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Very Large Hadron Collider (VLHC), under consideration for construction at Fermilab in the next 1-2 decades, is a 100 TeV cm pp collider. A major cost driver is the magnet. R&D is underway on several possible magnet designs. A low-field (2T) superferric magnet, sometimes called a transmission line magnet, may be the most cost- effective route to the VLHC. Although NbTi is now the cheapest superconductor measured in cost/kA-meter, Nb/sub 3/Al has the potential advantage that it remains superconducting at higher temperature. It may be particularly suited to the single "turn" and long straight lengths of the transmission line design. The combination of the simple magnet design and the higher strain tolerance than e.g. Nb/sub 3/Sn allows a simple process of cable fabrication, reaction, and magnet assembly. This higher strain tolerance is an advantage for splicing in the field. Sumitomo Electric Industries is producing an Nb/sub 3/Al conductor for the Fermilab low-field magnet program. (9 refs).

Barzi, E; Malamud, E; Mazur, P O; Piekarz, H; Wake, M; Hayashi, K; Koganeya, M

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Bixbyite- and anatase-type phases in the system Sc-Ta-O-N  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The aim of our study was to modify the basis compound ss-TaON, which crystallizes in the monoclinic baddeleyite-type, by incorporation of appropriate dopant ions, in order to obtain anion-deficient cubic fluorite-type phases, which are of interest as solids with mobile nitrogen ions. For this purpose, scandium-doped tantalum oxide nitrides were prepared by ammonolysis of amorphous oxide precursors. An unexpected variety of phases with different structural features was observed: bixbyite-type phases of general composition Sc{sub x}Ta{sub 1-x}(O,N){sub y} with 0.33{<=}x{<=}1 and 1.7{<=}y{<=}1.9, yellow colored metastable anatase-type phases such as Sc{sub 0.1}Ta{sub 0.9}O{sub 1.2}N{sub 0.8} or Sc{sub 0.15}Ta{sub 0.85}O{sub 1.3}N{sub 0.7} and, additionally, anosovite-type phases Sc{sub x}Ta{sub 3-x}O{sub 2x}N{sub 5-2x} with 0{<=}x{<=}1.05. Selected phases were investigated by UV/vis spectroscopy. Anatase- and anosovite-type compounds show brilliant colors. In the anatase-type phase, a possible anion ordering was examined by theoretical methods. Additionally, energy calculations on phase stability were performed for Sc{sub x}Ta{sub 1-x}O{sub 1+2x}N{sub 1-2x} in the baddeleyite, rutile, and anatase structure types with varying amounts of dopants. - Graphical abstract: New anatase- and bixbyite-type phases obtained as single-phase samples in the system Sc-Ta-O-N.

Stork, A.; Schilling, H. [Institut fuer Chemie, TU Berlin, Strasse des 17. Juni 135, D-10623 Berlin (Germany); Wessel, C.; Wolff, H. [Institut fuer Anorganische Chemie, RWTH Aachen, Landoltweg 1, D-52056 Aachen (Germany); Boerger, A. [Institut fuer Physikalische und Theoretische Chemie, TU Braunschweig, Hans-Sommer-Str. 10, D-38106 Braunschweig (Germany); Baehtz, C. [HASYLAB at DESY, Netkestr. 85, D-22603 Hamburg (Germany); Becker, K.-D. [Institut fuer Physikalische und Theoretische Chemie, TU Braunschweig, Hans-Sommer-Str. 10, D-38106 Braunschweig (Germany); Dronskowski, R. [Institut fuer Anorganische Chemie, RWTH Aachen, Landoltweg 1, D-52056 Aachen (Germany); Lerch, M., E-mail: lerch@chem.tu-berlin.d [Institut fuer Chemie, TU Berlin, Strasse des 17. Juni 135, D-10623 Berlin (Germany)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

110

In situ neutron-reflectometry measurements of hydrogen and deuterium absorption in a Pd/Nb/Pd layered film  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present in situ neutron-reflectivity measurements of the hydrogen and deuterium absorption from the gas phase in a Pd/Nb/Pd thin film multilayer. Hydrogen and deuterium were both preferentially absorbed into the Nb layer at room temperature and at a pressure of 10 Torr. Genetic algorithm fits to the specular data indicate concentrations of approximately 0.71 [H]/[Nb] and 0.51 [D]/[Nb], placing the Nb well into the ? phase (or an ??-like phase).

Alan E. Munter; Brent J. Heuser; M. W. Ruckman

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Composition dependence of the photophysical and photocatalytic properties of (AgNbO{sub 3}){sub 1-x}(NaNbO{sub 3}){sub x} solid solutions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A series of orthorhombic photocatalysts (AgNbO{sub 3}){sub 1-x}(NaNbO{sub 3}){sub x} solid solutions have been synthesized by a solid-state reaction method. The composition dependence of the photophysical and photocatalytic properties of synthesized solid solutions has been investigated systematically. With an increase in the content of NaNbO{sub 3}, we found that (1) the lattice parameters decreased; (2) the Nb-O bond length in NbO{sub 6} octahedron reduced; (3) the band gap increased; and (4) the mean particle size decreased while the Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area increased. Photocatalytic activities of the (AgNbO{sub 3}){sub 1-x}(NaNbO{sub 3}){sub x} (0{<=}x{<=}0.5) samples were evaluated from gaseous 2-propanol (IPA) decomposition into acetone and CO{sub 2} under visible-light irradiation emitted from blue-light-emitting diodes (BLEDs; light intensity: 0.01 mW cm{sup -2}). Among all the samples, the (AgNbO{sub 3}){sub 0.6}(NaNbO{sub 3}){sub 0.4} sample showed the highest photocatalytic activity. - Graphical abstract: A series of orthorhombic photocatalysts (AgNbO{sub 3}){sub 1-x}(NaNbO{sub 3}){sub x} solid solutions have been synthesized by a solid-state reaction method. The composition dependence of the photophysical and photocatalytic properties of synthesized solid solutions has been investigated systematically. The solid solutions show higher visible-light photocatalytic activities for gaseous IPA decomposition in comparison with AgNbO{sub 3}, although the light intensity is 0.01 mW cm{sup -2}. Rate of acetone evolution under visible-light irradiation as a function of NaNbO{sub 3} content in (AgNbO{sub 3}){sub 1-x}(NaNbO{sub 3}){sub x}. The inset is the spectrum of BLEDs. The light intensity is 0.01 mW cm{sup -2}.

Li Guoqiang [Photocatalytic Materials Center (PCMC), National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), 1-2-1 Sengen, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0047 (Japan); Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Ecomaterials and Renewable Energy Research Center (ERERC), Department of Physics, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Kako, Tetsuya; Wang Defa [Photocatalytic Materials Center (PCMC), National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), 1-2-1 Sengen, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0047 (Japan); Zou Zhigang [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Ecomaterials and Renewable Energy Research Center (ERERC), Department of Physics, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Ye Jinhua [Photocatalytic Materials Center (PCMC), National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), 1-2-1 Sengen, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0047 (Japan)], E-mail: Jinhua.YE@nims.go.jp

2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

112

Fabrication of Nb/sub 3/Al and Nb/sub 3/(Al,Ge) superconducting composite tapes by electron beam irradiation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nb/sub 3/Al and Nb/sub 3/(Al,Ge) superconductors were synthesized using continuous electron beam irradiation on powder metallurgy processed Nb-Al and Nb-Al-Ge composite tapes. Transition temperatures T/sub c/(onset) of 18.5 and 20.2 K were obtained for Nb-Al and Nb-Al-Ge tapes respectively, which indicated that nearly stoichiometric Al5 compounds were formed. Critical current density J/sub c/ (for reacted area) is nearly constant at fields above 15 T, with excellent values of approx.2 x 10/sup 4/ A/cm/sup 2/ at 23 T and 4.2 K for both tapes. The excellent J/sub c/'s as well as the easy scale-up procedure indicate that electron beam irradiation is promising for the fabrication of practical Nb/sub 3/Al and Nb/sub 3/(Al,Ge) superconductors, which can generate extremely high fields of approx.25 T.

Kumakura, H.; Togano, K.; Tachikawa, K.; Tsukamoto, S.; Irie, H.

1986-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

113

Physical-Property Measurements on Core Samples from Drill-Holes DB-1 and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Physical-Property Measurements on Core Samples from Drill-Holes DB-1 and Physical-Property Measurements on Core Samples from Drill-Holes DB-1 and DB-2, Blue Mountain Geothermal Prospect, North-Central Nevada Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Report: Physical-Property Measurements on Core Samples from Drill-Holes DB-1 and DB-2, Blue Mountain Geothermal Prospect, North-Central Nevada Abstract N/A Author U.S. Geological Survey Published Publisher Not Provided, 2009 Report Number 2009-1022 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http://crossref.org Online Internet link for Physical-Property Measurements on Core Samples from Drill-Holes DB-1 and DB-2, Blue Mountain Geothermal Prospect, North-Central Nevada Citation U.S. Geological Survey. 2009. Physical-Property Measurements on Core Samples from Drill-Holes DB-1 and DB-2, Blue Mountain Geothermal Prospect,

114

A COMPREHENSIVE SPECTROSCOPIC ANALYSIS OF DB WHITE DWARFS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a detailed analysis of 108 helium-line (DB) white dwarfs based on model atmosphere fits to high signal-to-noise optical spectroscopy. We derive a mean mass of 0.67 M{sub sun} for our sample, with a dispersion of only 0.09 M{sub sun}. White dwarfs also showing hydrogen lines, the DBA stars, comprise 44% of our sample, and their mass distribution appears similar to that of DB stars. As in our previous investigation, we find no evidence for the existence of low-mass (M < 0.5 M{sub sun}) DB white dwarfs. We derive a luminosity function based on a subset of DB white dwarfs identified in the Palomar-Green Survey. We show that 20% of all white dwarfs in the temperature range of interest are DB stars, although the fraction drops to half this value above T{sub eff} {approx} 20,000 K. We also show that the persistence of DB stars with no hydrogen features at low temperatures is difficult to reconcile with a scenario involving accretion from the interstellar medium, often invoked to account for the observed hydrogen abundances in DBA stars. We present evidence for the existence of two different evolutionary channels that produce DB white dwarfs: the standard model where DA stars are transformed into DB stars through the convective dilution of a thin hydrogen layer and a second channel where DB stars retain a helium atmosphere throughout their evolution. We finally demonstrate that the instability strip of pulsating V777 Her white dwarfs contains no non-variables, if the hydrogen content of these stars is properly accounted for.

Bergeron, P.; Wesemael, F.; Dufour, Pierre; Beauchamp, A.; Hunter, C.; Gianninas, A.; Limoges, M.-M.; Dufour, Patrick; Fontaine, G. [Departement de Physique, Universite de Montreal, C.P. 6128, Succ. Centre-Ville, Montreal, QC H3C 3J7 (Canada); Saffer, Rex A. [Strayer University, 234 Mall Boulevard, Suite G-50, King of Prussia, PA 19406 (United States); Ruiz, M. T. [Departamento de Astronomia, Universidad de Chile, Casilla 36-D, Santiago (Chile); Liebert, James, E-mail: bergeron@astro.umontreal.ca, E-mail: wesemael@astro.umontreal.ca, E-mail: gianninas@astro.umontreal.ca, E-mail: limoges@astro.umontreal.ca, E-mail: dufourpa@astro.umontreal.ca, E-mail: fontaine@astro.umontreal.ca, E-mail: alain.beauchamp@fti-ibis.com, E-mail: chris.hunter@yale.edu, E-mail: rex.saffer@strayer.edu, E-mail: mtruiz@das.uchile.cl [Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States)

2011-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

115

Page 1 of 11 The Value of IBM's DB2 Utilities and Tools in 2011 The Value of IBM's DB2 Utilities and Tools in 2011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Page 1 of 11 The Value of IBM's DB2 Utilities and Tools in 2011 The Value of IBM's DB2 Utilities The Value of IBM's DB2 Utilities and Tools in 2011 Table of Contents I. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY.................................................................................... 5 IV. UTILITY PERFORMANCE AND TOTAL COST OF OWNERSHIP

116

Low-energy deuteron-induced reactions on 93Nb  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The activation cross sections of (d,p), (d,2n), (d,2np+nd+t), (d,2n?), and (d,p?) reactions on 93Nb were measured in the energy range from 1 to 20 MeV using the stacked-foil technique. Then, within a simultaneous analysis of elastic scattering and reaction data, the available elastic-scattering data analysis was carried out in order to obtain the optical potential for reaction cross-section calculations. Particular attention was paid to the description of the breakup mechanism and direct reaction stripping and pick-up, followed by pre-equilibrium and compound-nucleus calculations. The measured cross sections as well as all available deuteron activation data of 93Nb were compared with results of local model calculations carried out using the codes fresco and stapre-h and both default and particular predictions of the code talys-1.4 and tendl-2012-evaluated data.

M. Avrigeanu; V. Avrigeanu; P. Bém; U. Fischer; M. Honusek; A. J. Koning; J. Mrázek; E. Šime?ková; M. Štefánik; L. Závorka

2013-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

117

Process for producing NB/sub 3/SN superconductor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A process is disclosed for producing at least one Nb/sub 3/Sn superconductor which comprises drawing a composite composed of a core of niobium or a niobium alloy and a matrix of a copper-tin alloy and subjecting the drawn composite to reactive heat-treatment, thereby forming a layer of Nb/sub 3/Sn between the core and the matrix; the improvement wherein the copper-tin alloy contains 1 to 15 atomic percent of tin, and 0.1 to 8 atomic percent in total of at least one element selected from 0.1 to 8 atomic percent of titanium, 0.1 to 5 atomic percent of zirconium and 0.1 to 5 atomic percent of hafnium.

Tachikawa, K.; Iijima, Y.; Itoh, K.; Sekine, H.

1983-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

118

Atmospheric Dispersion and Consequence Analysis at Sandia's TA-V Nuclear Facilities  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Atmospheric Dispersion and Atmospheric Dispersion and Consequence Analysis at Sandia's TA-V Nuclear Facilities Jim Dahl Manager, Nuclear Safety Analysis Sandia National Laboratories Office: 505-284-9067 Email: jjdahl@sandia.gov SAND2012-4478P Sandia is a multiprogram laboratory operated by Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed Martin Company, for the United States Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. 2 Dispersion and Consequence Analysis at Sandia's TA-V Topics: * Site Characteristics * Dispersion Analysis Inputs - Meteorological Data - Stability Class - Dispersion Coefficients - Deposition Velocity

119

Method for producing Nb/sub 3/Sn superconductors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In a method for producing a Nb/sub 3/Sn superconductor which comprises drawing a composite having a core of a Nb-Hf alloy containing 0.1 to 30 atomic % of Hf and a sheath containing Cu and Sn, and heattreating the composite to form a Nb/sub 3/Sn layer between the core and the sheath; the improvement wherein the sheath is formed of pure Cu, a Cu-Sn alloy containing not more than 6 atomic % of Sn, a Cu -Ga alloy containing not more than 20 atomic % of Ga, a Cu-Al alloy containing not more than 20 atomic % of Al, a Cu-Ga-Sn alloy containing not more than 6 atomic % of Sn and not more than 20 atomic % of Ga, or a Cu-Al-Sn alloy containing not more than atomic % of Sn and not more than 20 atomic % of Al; and after the drawing, a Sn film is coated on the surface of the sheath, and then the product having a Sn film coated thereon is heattreated.

Tachikawa, K.; Takeuchi, T.; Togano, K.

1982-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

120

Comparison and Analysis of Twist Pitch Length Test Methods for ITER Nb3Sn and NbTi Strands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A twisted multifilamentary structure is needed for Nb3Sn and NbTi strands to be used in the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) magnets. As important parameters for the superconducting strands design and production, the twist pitch length and direction of strands must meet the requirements according to ITER Procurement Arrangement (PA) and this must be verified. The technical requirements are 15mm+/-2mm for twist pitch length and right hand twist for direction. The strand twist pitch and the twist direction can be measured on straight sections of strand, which is recognized by the repetition of filament bundles or by the angle of the filaments. Several test methods and results are described and compared in this paper. The accuracy, uncertainty and feasibility of different methods are analyzed and recommended measurement methods are proposed for ITER strands verification.

Fang Liu; Feng Long; Chao Chen; Bo Liu; Yu Wu; Huajun Liu

2013-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nb ta db" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Atomic and vacancy ordering in carbide {zeta}-Ta{sub 4}C{sub 3-x} (0.28{<=}x{<=}0.40) and phase equilibria in the Ta-C system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The structure of nonstoichiometric carbide phase {zeta}-Ta{sub 4}C{sub 3-x} formed in the tantalum-carbon (Ta-C) system is studied by X-ray and neutron powder diffraction and metallography. Investigated carbide {zeta}-TaC{sub 0.67} crystallizes in a trigonal (rhombohedral) space group R3-barm with cell parameters a{sub tr}=1.0180(1) nm, {alpha}{sub tr}=17.64 deg. (or a{sub h}=0.31216(2) nm, c{sub h}=3.0058(1) nm in hexagonal axes). The closely packed metal sublattice in carbide {zeta}-Ta{sub 4}C{sub 3-x} consists of alternating blocks where metal atoms are located in the same manner as on the FCC sublattice of the cubic carbide TaC{sub y} and the HCP sublattice of the hexagonal carbide Ta{sub 2}C{sub y}. This metal sublattice represents a transition sublattice between these FCC and HCP sublattices. An ordered distribution of atoms C and structural vacancies in carbide {zeta}-Ta{sub 4}C{sub 3-x} is revealed and the distribution function of atoms C is calculated for nonmetal sublattice sites, on which ordering takes place. It is shown that one long-range order parameter {eta} describes the ordering of {zeta}-carbide and the {eta} value in the investigated {zeta}-Ta{sub 4}C{sub 3-x} phase does not exceed 0.7. Carbide {zeta}-Ta{sub 4}C{sub 3-x} is stable in bulk and powdered states over a wide temperature interval of 300 to {approx}2400 K and has a narrow homogeneity interval from TaC{sub 0.65} to TaC{sub 0.68}. Microhardness of disordered and ordered tantalum carbide TaC{sub y} with the basic B1 structure and trigonal carbide {zeta}-Ta{sub 4}C{sub 3-x} is measured. The phase diagram of the Ta-C system is refined considering data obtained for the {zeta}-Ta{sub 4}C{sub 3-x} phase. - Graphical abstract: Ordered distribution of carbon atoms C and structural vacancies in a unit cell of the trigonal (space group R3-barm) {zeta}-Ta{sub 4}C{sub 3-x} phase. The closely packed metal sublattice in carbide {zeta}-Ta{sub 4}C{sub 3-x} consists of alternating blocks where Ta atoms are located in the same manner as on the FCC sublattice of the cubic carbide TaC{sub y} and the HCP sublattice of the hexagonal carbide Ta{sub 2}C{sub y}.

Gusev, A.I. [Institute of Solid State Chemistry, Ural Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 620041 Yekaterinburg (Russian Federation)], E-mail: gusev@ihim.uran.ru; Kurlov, A.S.; Lipatnikov, V.N. [Institute of Solid State Chemistry, Ural Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 620041 Yekaterinburg (Russian Federation)

2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

122

Where is DB config stored? | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Where is DB config stored? Where is DB config stored? Home > Groups > Databus Where is the configuration for DataBus stored (lists of Databases, Tables, and Groups)? If I want to wipe it all out and start with a fresh installation (removing the included demo groups and users like agg1Db, agg2Db, etc), what is the best way to do that? thanks, Submitted by Hopcroft on 13 September, 2013 - 12:05 1 answer Points: 0 File a ticket for this. Basically, if you have AD, this is done automatically as an empty databus. If you don't have AD, we need to separate out creating a single admin user so you can get into the system the first time. We basically should create an admin user if "admins=admin" and "domain=none" so that you can start up a clean empty databus very easily. This is not hard to actually implement for us. thanks, Dean

123

Where is DB config stored? | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Where is DB config stored? Where is DB config stored? Home > Groups > Databus Where is the configuration for DataBus stored (lists of Databases, Tables, and Groups)? If I want to wipe it all out and start with a fresh installation (removing the included demo groups and users like agg1Db, agg2Db, etc), what is the best way to do that? thanks, Submitted by Hopcroft on 13 September, 2013 - 12:05 1 answer Points: 0 File a ticket for this. Basically, if you have AD, this is done automatically as an empty databus. If you don't have AD, we need to separate out creating a single admin user so you can get into the system the first time. We basically should create an admin user if "admins=admin" and "domain=none" so that you can start up a clean empty databus very easily. This is not hard to actually implement for us. thanks, Dean

124

CRAD, Criticality Safety- Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) used for an assessment of the Criticality Safety program at the Los Alamos National Laboratory, TA 55 SST Facility.

125

E-Print Network 3.0 - ag dy ta Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Tc 44 Ru 45 Rh 46 Pd 47 Ag 48 Cd 49 In 50 Sn 51 Sb 52 Te 53 I 54 Xe 55 Cs 56 Ba 57 La 72 Hf 73... Ta 74 W 75 Re 76 Os 77 Ir 78 Pt 79 Au 80 Hg 81 Tl 82 Pb 83 Bi 84 Po 85 At 86 Rn 87...

126

Electrical characteristics of Ta2O5 thin films deposited by electron beam gun evaporation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electrical characteristics of Ta2O5 thin films deposited by electron beam gun evaporation V films deposited by a simple electron beam gun evaporator. We describe thicknessO5 thin films deposited by a simple electron beam gun evaporator which enables versatility

Eisenstein, Gadi

127

CRAD, Occupational Safety & Health- Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) used for an assessment of the Industrial Hygiene program at the Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility.

128

Provable Unlinkability Against Tra#c Analysis Ron Berman # Amos Fiat + Amnon TaShma #  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

currently known as onion routing ([RSG98, SGR97]). Chaum also suggested to solve the tra#c analysis problem analysis shows that while Chaum's protocol is not secure in the attack model where the adversary controlsProvable Unlinkability Against Tra#c Analysis Ron Berman # Amos Fiat + Amnon Ta­Shma # Abstract

Ta-Shma, Amnon

129

CRAD, Configuration Management- Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) used for an assessment of the Configuration Management program at the Los Alamos National Laboratory, TA 55 SST Facility.

130

TA-55 Final Safety Analysis Report Comparison Document and DOE Safety Evaluation Report Requirements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document provides an overview of changes to the currently approved TA-55 Final Safety Analysis Report (FSAR) that are included in the upgraded FSAR. The DOE Safety Evaluation Report (SER) requirements that are incorporated into the upgraded FSAR are briefly discussed to provide the starting point in the FSAR with respect to the SER requirements.

Alan Bond

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Dig-ta Video, Learn-ng Styes, and Student Understanding of Kinematics Graphs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dig-ta Video, Learn-ng Styes, and Student Understanding of Kinematics Graphs Teresa Larkin Video, Learning Styles, and Student Understanding of Kinematics Graphs Introduction Student learning interactive digital video as well preferences and student understanding and their ability to interpret motion

Zollman, Dean

132

Nonlinear effects in collision cascades and high energy shock waves during ta-C:H growth  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The surface topography of hydrogenated tetrahedral amorphous carbon (ta-C:H) is critical for various applications such as microelectromechanical devices, magnetic and optical storage devices, and medical implants. The surface topography of ta-C:H films deposited by distributed electron cyclotron resonance plasma from C{sub 2}H{sub 2} gas precursor was investigated. The effects of pressure, together with ion flux and energy, are studied by atomic force microscopy in relation to the structural evolution of the films. The results are compared with the predictions of the Edward-Wilkinson model [Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 44, 1039 (1966)] recently proposed to account for ta-C:H growth and with previous interpretations based on hypersonic shock waves. The random hillocks observed on the smooth surfaces of ta-C:H films deposited at high pressure are thought to result from the interference of high energy shock waves triggered by C{sub 4}H{sub x}{sup +} ions that produce overlapping collision cascades and induce nonlinear effects.

Piazza, F.; Resto, O.; Morell, G. [Department of Physics, University of Puerto Rico, P.O. Box 23343, San Juan, 00931 (Puerto Rico)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

TA B L E O F CO N T E N T S Mechanical Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TA B L E O F CO N T E N T S Annual Report LEADERSHIP IMPACT Innovation Mechanical Engineering to the Ann Arbor area during the summer of 2000. In this 1999­2000 Annual Report for the Department, which from what they once were. Cars are hybrid electric, powered by fuel cells and with computer

Ulsoy, A. Galip

134

CRAD, Conduct of Operations- Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) used for an assessment of the Conduct of Operations program at the Los Alamos National Laboratory, TA 55 SST Facility.

135

Security API analysis with the spi-calculus Levente Buttyn Ta Vinh Thong  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Security API analysis with the spi-calculus Levente Buttyán Ta Vinh Thong buttyan@crysys.hu thong of Technology and Economics Abstract: API level vulnerabilities of hardware security modules represent a serious threat, thus, discovering and patching security holes in APIs are important. In this paper, we argue

Levente, Buttyán

136

CRAD, Emergency Management- Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) used for an assessment of the Emergency Management program at the Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility.

137

Measuring the fracture toughness of ultra-thin films with application to AlTa coatings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Measuring the fracture toughness of ultra-thin films with application to AlTa coatings Yong Xiang Abstract An experimental technique is presented for measuring the fracture toughness of brittle thin films with a focused ion beam and the membranes are pressurized until rupture. The fracture stress of the membrane

138

CLOUD GAMING ONWARD: RESEARCH OPPORTUNITIES AND OUTLOOK Kuan-Ta Chen1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CLOUD GAMING ONWARD: RESEARCH OPPORTUNITIES AND OUTLOOK Kuan-Ta Chen1 , Chun-Ying Huang2 ABSTRACT Cloud gaming has become increasingly more popular in the academia and the industry, evident by the large numbers of related research papers and startup companies. Some pub- lic cloud gaming services have

Chen, Sheng-Wei

139

Low energy ion assisted deposition of Ta/Cu films J. J. Quana  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Low energy ion assisted deposition of Ta/Cu films J. J. Quana Department of Engineering Physics of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22904 Received 5 dynamics simulations and experiments has been used to investigate the use of various low energy ion

Wadley, Haydn

140

CRAD, Radiological Controls- Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) used for an assessment of the Radiation Protection Program at the Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nb ta db" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Bare-Handed Electronic Voting with Pre-processing , Amnon Ta-Shma2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bare-Handed Electronic Voting with Pre-processing Ben Riva1 , Amnon Ta-Shma2 School of Computer Many electronic voting schemes assume the user votes with some computing device. This raises, proposed what we call bare-handed electronic voting, where voters do not need any computational power

Ta-Shma, Amnon

142

Production ratio of meta-stable isomer in {sup 180}Ta by neutrino-induced reactions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The nucleosynthesis of {sup 180}Ta has remained an unsolved problem and as its origin many nucleosynthesis mechanisms have been proposed. This isotope has the unique feature that the naturally occurring abundance of {sup 180}Ta is actually a meta-stable isomer (half-life of >=10{sup 15} yr), while the ground state is a 1{sup +} unstable state which beta-decays with a half-life of only 8.15 hr. We have made a new time-dependent calculation of {sup 180}Ta meta-stable isomer residual ratio after supernova neutrino-induced reactions. This isomer residual ratio is crucial for understanding the production and survival of this naturally occurring rare isotope. We have constructed a new model under temperature evolution after type II supernova explosion. We include the explicit linking between the isomer and all known excited states and found that the residual ratio is insensitive to astrophysical parameters such as neutrino energy spectrum, explosion energy, decay time constant. We find that the explicit time evolution of the synthesis of {sup 180}Ta avoids the overproduction relative to {sup 138}La for a neutrino process neutrino temperature of 4 MeV.

Hayakawa, Takehito [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Kizugawa, Kyoto 619-0215 (Japan); Kajino, Toshitaka [National Astronomical Observatory, Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Chiba, Satoshi [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai, Naka, Ibaraki 319-11 (Japan); Mathews, Grant [Astrophysics, Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556 (United States)

2010-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

143

Isomer residual ratio of odd-odd isotope {sup 180}Ta in supernova nucleosynthsis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The nucleosynthesis of {sup 180}Ta has remained an unsolved problem and as its origin many nucleosynthesis mechanisms have been proposed. This isotope has the unique feature that the naturally occurring abundance of {sup 180}Ta is actually a meta-stable isomer (half-life of >=10{sup 15} yr), while the ground state is a 1{sup +} unstable state which beta-decays with a half-life of only 8.15 hr. We have made a new time-dependent calculation of {sup 180}Ta meta-stable isomer residual ratio after supernova neutrino-induced reactions. This residual isomer ratio is crucial for understanding the production and survival of this naturally occurring rare isotope. We have constructed a new model under temperature evolution after type II supernova explosion. We include the explicit linking between the isomer and all known excited states and found that the residual ratio is insensitive to astrophysical parameters such as neutrino energy spectrum, explosion energy, decay time constant. We find that the explicit time evolution of the synthesis of {sup 180}Ta avoids the overproduction relative to {sup 138}La for a neutrino process neutrino temperature of 4 MeV.

Hayakawa, Takehito [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Kizugawa, Kyoto 619-0215 (Japan); Kajino, Toshitaka [National Astronomical Observatory, Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Chiba, Satoshi [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai, Naka, Ibaraki 319-11 (Japan); Mathews, Grant [Enter for Astrophysics, Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556 (United States)

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Product Reviews in Mobile Decision Aid Systems Rene T.A. Wietsma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Product Reviews in Mobile Decision Aid Systems Ren´e T.A. Wietsma and Francesco Ricci e- bile product recommender system which incorporates both structured (supplier driven) product://ectrl.itc.it ABSTRACT Recommender systems provide decision aid and information filtering functions that have a great

Ricci, Francesco

145

Excited States of Hf174 from the Decay of Ta174  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Ta174 activity was produced via the Lu175(?,5n)Ta174 reaction with 66-MeV ? particles from the Crocker Nuclear Laboratory 76-in. isochronous cyclotron. After removal of the F18, the half-lives were deduced by direct measurements. The half-lives of approximately 200 transitions, ranging in energy from 60 to 3000 keV, were identified using Ge(Li) detectors. Over 95% of these lines were assigned to Hf175, Hf174, or Lu173. The half-life of Ta174 was measured to be 71.5 ± 6.5 min. Ge(Li)-Nal coincidence work has been done. The conversion-electron spectrum was first measured using a 3-mm Si(Li) detector with a cooled field-effect transistor and then using the same type of detector plus a magnet.The energies and ? intensities of the 100 transitions attributed to the decay of Ta174 were measured. 32 conversion coefficients were determined. 16 levels with spins and parities are proposed on the basis of ? intensities, coincidence information, and conversion coefficients. 16 more levels are proposed on the basis of energy sums. Spins and parities for four of these levels are suggested. 60 transitions are placed in the decay scheme. A very strong ? feed to the 4+ level of the ground-state rotational band was observed. M1 enhancement in the ? vibrational bands and K-forbidden ? transitions are discussed.

M. T. Gillin and N. F. Peek

1971-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

CRAD, Quality Assurance- Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) used for an assessment of the Quality Assurance Program at the Los Alamos National Laboratory TA 55 SST Facility.

147

Data:03576abd-1005-489d-b400-9a241524db7b | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

abd-1005-489d-b400-9a241524db7b abd-1005-489d-b400-9a241524db7b No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Douglas, Georgia (Utility Company) Effective date: 2012/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Security Lights - 400 Watt Mercury Vapor - Metered Sector: Lighting Description: Wood Pole Charge - $2.00 Fiberglass Pole - $10.00/fixture for 60 months Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service

148

T-594: IBM solidDB Password Hash Authentication Bypass Vulnerability |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

94: IBM solidDB Password Hash Authentication Bypass 94: IBM solidDB Password Hash Authentication Bypass Vulnerability T-594: IBM solidDB Password Hash Authentication Bypass Vulnerability April 4, 2011 - 6:08am Addthis PROBLEM: A vulnerability has been reported in IBM solidDB, which can be exploited by malicious people to bypass certain security restrictions. PLATFORM: IBM solidDB 4.x - IBM solidDB 6.x ABSTRACT: This vulnerability could allow remote attackers to execute arbitrary code on vulnerable installations of IBM solidDB. Authentication is not required to exploit this vulnerability. REFERENCE LINKS: IBM Security Alert Secunia Advisory: SA44030 ZDI Advisory: ZDI-11-115 IBM solidDB Support IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium Discussion: The specific flaw exists within the solid.exe process which listens by default on TCP ports 1315, 1964 and 2315. The authentication protocol

149

Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 91 (2007) 17261732 Optical and structural properties of Ta2O5CeO2 thin films  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells 91 (2007) 1726­1732 Optical and structural properties of Ta2O5

Thirumalai, Devarajan

150

A Systematic Investigation of the Structure and Superconducting Properties of Nb3Ge Prepared in a UHV System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nb3Ge films were prepared by coevaporation of Nb and Ge from two sources under well defined and controlled conditions. We have studied the formation of the A15 phase by varying the processing parameters-compositi...

H. U. Habermeier; P. Chaudhari

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

March 23, 2008 DB:EER Model 1 ENHANCED ENTITY-RELATIONSHIP (EER)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

March 23, 2008 DB:EER Model 1 ENHANCED ENTITY-RELATIONSHIP (EER) MODEL #12;March 23, 2008 DB:EER Model 2 - Objectives Introduction to EER Modeling + Concepts of the EER Model + Specialization Object Modeling + #12;March 23, 2008 DB:EER Model 3 - Introduction to EER Model Since the late 1970

Adam, Salah

152

March 23, 2008 DB:EER Model -1 1 EER to Relational Mapping  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

March 23, 2008 DB:EER Model - 1 1 EER to Relational Mapping #12;March 23, 2008 DB:EER Model - 1 2;March 23, 2008 DB:EER Model - 1 3 - Introduction In previous lecture we have looked at the mapping of ER of EER diagrams to relational schemas. We start by discussing the mapping of the superclass

Adam, Salah

153

Heat transfer coefficient saturation in superconducting Nb tunnel junctions contacted to a NbTiN circuit and an Au energy relaxation layer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we present the experimental realization of a Nb tunnel junction connected to a high-gap superconducting NbTiN embedding circuit. We investigate relaxation of nonequilibrium quasiparticles in a small volume Au layer between the Nb tunnel junction and the NbTiN circuit. We find a saturation in the effective heat-transfer coefficient consistent with a simple theoretical model. This saturation is determined by the thickness of the Au layer. Our findings are important for the design of the ideal Au energy relaxation layer for practical SIS heterodyne mixers and we suggest two geometries, one, using a circular Au layer and, two, using a half-circular Au layer. Our work is concluded with an outlook of our future experiments.

Selig, Stefan; Jacobs, Karl; Schultz, Michael; Honingh, Netty

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Calculation for the excitation functions of the {sup 93}Nb(p,n){sup 93}Mo{sup m}, {sup 93}Nb(p,{alpha}n){sup 89}Zr, and {sup 93}Nb(p,np+pn){sup 92}Nb{sup m} reactions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Statistical model calculation has been carried out for the excitation functions of the {sup 93}Nb(p,n){sup 93}Mo{sup m}, {sup 93}Nb(p,{alpha}n){sup 89}Zr, and {sup 93}Nb(p,np+pn){sup 92}Nb{sup m} reactions up to a 20-MeV proton energy range using global reaction parameters. The results are compared and discussed with reported measurements. The calculation for the excitation function of the {sup 93}Nb(p,n){sup 93}Mo{sup m} reaction can only match the measured magnitudes of cross sections if we postulate the existence of two energy levels with spin-parity values of 19/2{sup +} and 17/2{sup -} lying immediately above the 2.425 MeV (21/2{sup +}) isomeric state. The existence of the hypothetical levels has been discussed in the light of reported shell-model calculations.

Gul, K. [National Centre for Physics, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad (Pakistan)

2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

155

Composite-processed Nb/sub 3/Sn with titanium addition to the matrix  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effects of a titanium addition to the matrix on the superconducting properties and the metallurgical aspects of the composite-processed Nb/sub 3/Sn have been studied. The titanium added to the matrix is found to diffuse readily into the Nb/sub 3/Sn layer. The small amount of the titanium addition to the matrix significantly increases the growth rate and the critical current density J/sub c/ in high magnetic fields of the Nb/sub 3/Sn layer. A J/sub c/(Nb/sub 3/Sn layer) of over 1 x 10/sup 5/ A/cm/sup 2/ has been obtained at 16 T for the Nb/Cu-7 at. % Sn-0.35 at. % Ti composite wire reacted at 750 /sup 0/C for 100 h. The titanium addition to the matrix may be practically more promising than the titanium addition to the core.

Tachikawa, K.; Sekine, H.; Iijima, Y.

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

NbTiN Based SIS Multilayer Structures for SRF Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For the past three decades, bulk niobium has been the material of choice for SRF cavities applications. RF cavity performance is now approaching the theoretical limit for bulk niobium. For further improvement of RF cavity performance for future accelerator projects, Superconductor ? Insulator - Superconductor (SIS) multilayer structures (as recently proposed by Alex Gurevich) present the theoretical prospect to reach RF performance beyond bulk Nb, using thinly layered higher-Tc superconductors with enhanced Hc1. Jefferson Lab (JLab) is pursuing this approach with the development of NbTiN and AlN based multilayer SIS structures. This paper presents the results on the characteristics of NbTiN films and the first RF measurements on NbTiN-based multilayer structure on thick Nb films.

Valente, Anne-marie; Eremeev, Grigory; Phillips, H.; Reece, Charles; Spradlin, Joshua; Yang, Qiguang; Lukaszew, Rosa

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

FEM Analysis of Nb-Sn Rutherford-type Cables  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An important part of superconducting accelerator magnet work is the conductor. To produce magnetic fields larger than 10 T, brittle conductors are typically used. For instance, for Nb{sub 3}Sn the original round wire, in the form of a composite of Copper, Niobium and Tin, is assembled into a so-called Rutherford-type cable, which is used to wind the magnet. The magnet is then subjected to a high temperature heat treatment to produce the chemical reactions that make the material superconducting. At this stage the superconductor is brittle and its superconducting properties sensitive to strain. This work is based on the development of a 2D finite element model, which simulates the mechanical behavior of Rutherford-type cable before heat treatment. The model was applied to a number of different cable architectures. To validate a critical criterion adopted into the single Nb-Sn wire analysis, the results of the model were compared with those measured experimentally on cable cross sections.

Barzi, Emanuela; Gallo, Giuseppe; Neri, Paolo; /Fermilab

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Method for producing superconducting Nb3Sn wires  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In a method of producing a superconducting Nb3Sn wire is disclosed which comprises passing a wire or tape of a niobium-base alloy through a molten metal bath containing tin and then heat-treating it to form a Nb3Sn compound layer on the surface of said wire or tape, the improvement wherein said niobium-base alloy is an alloy comprising niobium and 0.1 to 30 atomic percent of hafnium, and said molten metal bath is a molten bath of pure tin or a tin-base alloy consisting of tin, from 0.1 to 70 atomic percent of one element of group IIIb of the periodic table selected from the group consisting of gallium, indium, and aluminum, and from 0.1 to 70 atomic percent of one element of group Ib of the periodic table selected from the group consisting of copper and silver, the total amount of the element of group IIIb and the element of group Ib not exceeding 70 atomic percent.

Sekine, H.; Tachikawa, K.

1982-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

159

Halogen adsorption on transition-metal surfaces: A case study of Cl on Ta(110)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Through a series of ab initio calculations, we not only predict the atomic and electronic structure of Cl on Ta(110), but also provide a quantitative basis for understanding a number of controversial questions regarding halogen adsorption on transition-metal surfaces. We demonstrate that a simple dipole layer model accurately describes the unexpected decrease in the work function upon halogen absorption, and that our proposed overlayer structure explains the one-dimensional streaking in the low-energy electron-diffraction pattern of the adsorbate-covered surface. An analysis of the electronic structure suggests that transition metals such as Ta look like simple metals from the point of view of highly electronegative adsorbates such as Cl.

Christine J. Wu and John E. Klepeis

1997-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

160

Rotational structures in Ta174 and ‘‘identical bands’’ in the normal deformation regime  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ta174 has been studied through the Tm169(9Be,4n) fusion-evaporation reaction in the energy range E(9Be)=40–65 MeV. ?- and x-ray in-beam and activity singles spectra, ?-?-t coincidences, and angular-distribution measurements were performed. Four rotational structures have been found and interpreted on the basis of coupling systematics. Mixing ratio signs have been calculated using a semiclassical method and compared with the signs of the angular-distribution coefficients, in order to consolidate configuration assignments. ‘‘Identical bands,’’ i.e., bands with similar transition energies, have been found in neighboring odd and doubly-odd Ta171-174. This similarity is interpreted here as due to fortuitous compensations between different transverse and collective angular momenta and moments of inertia.

D. Hojman; A. J. Kreiner; M. Davidson

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nb ta db" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Raman-Active Lattice Vibrations of the Commensurate Superlattic in 2H-TaSe2  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Raman spectra have been obtained on 2H-TaSe2 at room temperature and in the commensurate charge-density-wave, superlattice state. At low temperatures six new low frequency modes are seen having symmetries consistent only with a symmetric, three-charge-density wave. A microscopic model of the lattice dynamics of this state is fitted to the four strongest new Raman lines. These are assigned to amplitude and phase modes of the charge-density wave.

John A. Holy, Miles V. Klein, W. L. McMillan, and S. F. Meyer

1976-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

162

Regulation study for the facility control system design at the Facility Operations Center at TA55  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

NMT-8 is proposing to upgrade the existing Facility Control System (FCS) located within the Facility Operations Center (FOC) at the TA-55 Plutonium Processing and Handling Facility (PPHF). The FCS modifications will upgrade the existing electronics to provide better reliability of system functions. Changes include replacement of the FCS computers and field multiplex units which are used for transmitting systems data. Data collected at the FCS include temperature, pressure, contact closures, etc., and are used for monitoring and/or control of key systems at TA-55. Monitoring is provided for the electrical power system status, PF-4 HVAC air balance status (Static Differential pressure), HVAC fan system status, site chill water return temperature, fire system information, and radioactive constant air monitors alarm information, site compressed air pressure and other key systems used at TA-55. Control output signals are provided for PF-4 HVAC systems, and selected alarms for criticality, fire, loss of pressure in confinement systems. A detailed description of the FCS modifications is provided in Section 2.

NONE

1994-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

163

Hydrogen absorption in epitaxial W/Nb(001) and polycrystalline Fe/Nb(110) multilayers studied in-situ by X-ray/neutron scattering techniques and X-ray absorption spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hydrogen can be absorbed in large quantities by 100 {angstrom} thin Nb layers embedded in epitaxial W/Nb and polycrystalline Fe/Nb multilayers. The solubility and the hydrogen-induced structural changes of the host lattice are explored in-situ by small-angle neutron/X-ray reflectometry and high-angle diffraction. These measurements reveal for both systems that the relative out-of-plane expansion of the Nb layers is considerably larger than the relative increase of the Nb interplanar spacing indicating two distinctly different mechanisms of hydrogen absorption. In Fe/Nb multilayers, hydrogen expands the Nb interplanar spacing in a continuous way as function of the external pressure. In contrast, the Nb lattice expansion is discontinuous in epitaxial W/Nb multilayers: A jump in the Nb(002) Bragg reflection position occurs at a critical hydrogen pressure of 1 mbar. In-situ EXAFS spectroscopy also exhibits an irreversible expansion of the Nb lattice in the film plane for p{sub H{sub 2}}> 1 mbar. This can be regarded as a structural phase transition from an exclusively out-of-plane to a three-dimensionally expanded state at low and high hydrogen pressures, respectively.

Klose, F.; Rehm, C.; Fieber-Erdmann, M.; Holub-Krappe, E.; Bleif, H. J.; Sowers, H.; Goyette, R.; Troger, L.; Maletta, H.

1999-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

164

Magnetic phases of the quasi-two-dimensional compounds FexCo1-xTa2O6  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Magnetic phases of the quasi-two-dimensional compounds FexCo1-xTa2O6 E G Santos1 , S R de Oliveira, 49100-000 S~ao Crist´ov~ao, SE, Brazil Abstract. We report new results about magnetic properties of the FexCo1-xTa2O6 series of compounds. Using essentially neutron diffraction and magnetic measurements we

Boyer, Edmond

165

Vortex properties in superconducting Nb/Pd multilayers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have investigated the upper critical magnetic field Hc2, the critical current density Jc, and the pinning force Fp in sputtered Nb/Pd multilayers, varying the temperatures T, the Pd thicknesses dPd and the magnetic field H orientation (parallel and perpendicular to the plane of the sample). In perpendicular fields, the vortex dynamics was strongly influenced by grain-boundary pinning. In parallel fields, a peak was observed in the Jc(H) curves for samples with Pd thicknesses dPd>100 Å. After comparing the experimental results with the existing theories, we have related the presence of this peak effect to the matching of vortex kinks with the layered artificial structure.

C. Coccorese; C. Attanasio; L. V. Mercaldo; M. Salvato; L. Maritato; J. M. Slaughter; C. M. Falco; S. L. Prischepa; B. I. Ivlev

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Multifilamentary Nb-Hf/Cu-Sn-Ga composite wires  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports the procedure for the simultaneous addition of hafnium to the core and gallium to the matrix of the composite-processed multifilamentary Nb/sub 3/Sn superconductors and the effect of this addition on the high-field superconducting properties of the alloy. Specifications for the samples are given; a four-probe resistive method was used to measure their critical temperature and critical current. The strain dependence of the critical current was measured using an apparatus designed to apply a tensile strain, a current, and a perpendicular magnetic field at the same time to short wire samples at 4.2 K. Metallographic studies demonstrated that niobium-hafnium cores with hafnium content up to 5 at .% showed good workability. The simultaneous addition of hafnium to the core and gallium to the matrix increased the critical temperature by 0.4 to 0.6 K and also significantly improved the critical current density in high fields.

Kamata, K.; Alhara, K.; Sekine, H.; Tachikawa, K.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Nanomechanical and nanotribological properties of Nb substituted TiN thin films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nanomechanical and nanotribological properties of Ti{sub 1-x}Nb{sub x}N (0{<=}x{<=}1) thin films were investigated as a function x. The films were deposited onto polycrystalline nuclear grade 316LN stainless steel (SS) substrate by radio frequency magnetron sputtering in 100% N{sub 2} plasma. The hardness and Young's modulus increased while the friction coefficient and wear volume decreased with increasing Nb substitution. The highest hardness achieved was 31GPa for x=0.77. At the same Nb concentration, the friction coefficient was 0.15 and the elastic recovery was 60%.

Krishna, M. Ghanashyam; Vasu, K.; Padmanabhan, K. A. [School of Physics, Centre for Nanotechnology, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad-500 046 (India); Centre for Nanotechnology, School of Engineering Sciences and Technology, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad-500 046 (India)

2012-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

168

Fermionic-bosonic couplings in a weakly deformed odd-mass nucleus, 4193Nb  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A comprehensive level scheme of Nb93 below 2 MeV has been constructed from information obtained with the Nb93(n,n??) and the Zr94(p,2n??)Nb93 reactions. Branching ratios, lifetimes, transition multipolarities, and spin assignments have been determined. From M1 and E2 strengths, fermionic-bosonic excitations of isoscalar and isovector characters have been identified from the weak couplings of the ?1g9/2?4092Zr and ?2p1/2-1?4294Mo configurations. A microscopic interpretation of such excitations is obtained from shell-model calculations, which use low-momentum effective interactions.

J. N. Orce; J. D. Holt; A. Linnemann; C. J. McKay; C. Fransen; J. Jolie; T. T. S. Kuo; S. R. Lesher; M. T. McEllistrem; N. Pietralla; N. Warr; V. Werner; S. W. Yates

2010-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

169

Mesoporous Nanostructured Nb-Doped Titanium Dioxide Microsphere Catalyst Supports for PEM Fuel Cell Electrodes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Mesoporous Nanostructured Nb-Doped Titanium Dioxide Microsphere Catalyst Supports for PEM Fuel Cell Electrodes ... The material has been investigated as cathode electrocatalyst support for polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells. ... doped titania; PEMFC; electrocatalyst; mesoporous materials; microspheres ...

Laure Chevallier; Alexander Bauer; Sara Cavaliere; Rob Hui; Jacques Rozière; Deborah J. Jones

2012-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

170

Energy transfer in clustered sites of Er3+ ions in LiNbO3 crystals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigated energy-transfer processes associated with clustered sites of Er3+ ions in LiNbO3 crystals leading to upconverted blue-green fluorescence and...

Ju, Jung Jin; Lee, Myung-Hyun; Cha, Myoungsik; Seo, Hyo Jin

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Phase Transition in Weberite-Type Gd[subscript 3]NbO[subscript 7  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Gd{sub 3}NbO{sub 7} has an orthorhombic weberite-type crystal structure and undergoes a phase transition at about 340 K. The phase transition was confirmed by second harmonic generation, heat capacity measurement, and high-resolution X-ray diffraction. Above 340 K, Gd{sub 3}NbO{sub 7} has a centrosymmetric weberite-type structure with space group Cmcm (No. 63) and transforms at about 340 K into a non-centrosymmetric structure with space group Cm2m (No. 38). The phase transition is mainly due to off-center shifts of Nb{sub 5+} ions within NbO{sub 6} octahedra, as well as off-center shifts of one-third of the Gd{sup 3+} ions within GdO{sub 8} polyhedra.

Cai, Lu; Denev, Sava; Gopalan, Venkatraman; Nino, Juan C. (Florida); (Penn)

2010-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

172

Development of Nb{sub 3}Sn Cavity Vapor Diffusion Deposition System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nb{sub 3}Sn is a BCS superconductors with the superconducting critical temperature higher than that of niobium, so theoretically it surpasses the limitations of niobium in RF fields. The feasibility of technology has been demonstrated at 1.5 GHz with Nb{sub 3}Sn vapor deposition technique at Wuppertal University. The benefit at these frequencies is more pronounced at 4.2 K, where Nb{sub 3}Sn coated cavities show RF resistances an order of magnitude lower than that of niobium. At Jefferson Lab we started the development of Nb{sub 3}Sn vapor diffusion deposition system within an R\\&D development program towards compact light sources. Here we present the current progress of the system development.

Eremeev, Grigory V.; Macha, Kurt M.; Clemens, William A.; Park, HyeKyoung; Williams, R. Scott

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Phase constitution, Mechanical Property and Corrosion Resistance of the Ti-Nb Alloys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the Ti-Ni alloy in the dental application. In the non-oral condition, the Ti-52Nb alloy may be preferable, dentistry and interventional radiology because of their superior shape memory effect and superelasticity [1

Zheng, Yufeng

174

Targets for R&D on Nb3Sn conductor for High Energy Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High Energy Physics has been consistently pushing the performance of technical superconductors, for the benefit of high field magnet technology. So far the workhorse for particle accelerators has been Nb-Ti, but the practical performance limit has been attained with the LHC. Calls for higher beam luminosity (e.g. HL-LHC), and higher beam energy (e.g. FCC), demand a transition from Nb-Ti to Nb3Sn, presently the only practical candidate material offering the required high field performance. This paper provides a summary of desirable properties and performance targets for Nb3Sn to satisfy the challenging magnet specifications for upgrades of existing and future HEP accelerators.

Ballarino, A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

E-Print Network 3.0 - aperture nb3sn racetrack Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

and Test Results of the Summary: 10-turn racetrack coils with a 300 mm- long straight section were wound from reacted 30-strand Nb3Sn... about ten years from now. This paper...

176

Trapping of Implanted He at Cu/Nb Interfaces Measured by Neutron Reflectometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In single crystalline metals, He is insoluble and precipitates into bubbles. In contrast, Cu-Nb multilayers show no evidence of bubble formation below a critical concentration. The conclusions of this paper are: (1) He is trapped at Cu/Nb , Cu/Mo interfaces; (2) He is trapped interstitially; (3) The interface swells {approx} 10 times; and (4) The layered structure retains despite the swell of interfaces.

Wang, Peng [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Zhernenkov, Mikhail [Applications Scientist at Nanometrics; Kashinath, Abishek [MIT; Demkowicz, Michael [MIT; Baldwin, Jon K. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Majewski, Jaroslaw [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

177

Emission patterns of neutral pions in 40A MeV Ta+Au reactions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Differential cross sections of neutral pions emitted in Ta181+Au197 collisions at a beam energy of 39.5A MeV have been measured with the two-arm photon spectrometer (TAPS). The kinetic energy and transverse momentum spectra of neutral pions cannot be properly described in the framework of the thermal model, nor when the reabsorption of pions is accounted for in a phenomenological model. However, high energy and high momentum tails of the pion spectra can be well fitted through thermal distributions with unexpectedly soft temperature parameters below 10 MeV.

K. Piasecki; T. Matulewicz; N. Yahlali; H. Delagrange; J. Díaz; D. G. d’Enterria; F. Fernández; A. Kugler; H. Löhner; G. Martínez-García; R. W. Ostendorf; Y. Schutz; P. Tlustý; R. Turrisi; V. Wagner; H. W. Wilschut (TAPS Collaboration)

2010-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

178

Decommissioning of TA-21-153, a /sup 227/Ac contaminated old filter building  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An exhaust air filter building contaminated with /sup 227/Ac was decommissioned at the Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, in 1978. The building was constructed in the late 1940s to clean exhaust air from several buildings at TA-21, DP Site. It was in service until March 1970. The project involved preliminary decontamination, dismantling the building, and burying the debris at an on-site waste disposal/storage area. This report presents the details on the decommissioning procedures, health physics, waste management, environmental surveillance, and costs for the operation.

Harper, J.R.; Garde, R.

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Seismic Vulnerability Assessment Waste Characterization Reduction and Repackaging Building, TA-50-69  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents the results of the seismic structural analyses completed on the Waste Characterization Reduction and Repackaging (WCRR) Building in support of ongoing safety analyses. WCRR is designated as TA-50-69 at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico. The facility has been evaluated against Department of Energy (DOE) seismic criteria for Natural Phenomena Hazards (NPH) Performance Category II (PC 2). The seismic capacities of two subsystems within the WCRR building, the material handling glove box and the lift rack immediately adjacent to the Glove Box are also documented, and the results are presented.

M.W.Sullivan; J.Ruminer; I.Cuesta

2003-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

180

Model for projectile fragmentation: case study for Ni on Ta, Be and Xe on Al  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For projectile fragmentation we work out details of a model whose origin can be traced back to the Bevalac era. The model positions itself between the phenomenological EPAX parametrization and microscopic transport models like "Heavy Ion Phase Space Exploration Model" (HIPSE) and antisymmetrised molecular dynamics(AMD). We apply the model to some recent data of projectile fragmentation of Ni on Ta and Be at beam energy 140 MeV/nucleon and some older data of Xe on Al at beam energy 790 MeV/nucleon. Reasonable values of cross-sections for various composites populated in the reactions are obtained.

S. Mallik; G. Chaudhuri; S. Das Gupta

2010-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nb ta db" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Biztonsgi API analzis a spi-kalkulussal Buttyn Levente Ta Vinh Thong  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Biztonsági API analízis a spi-kalkulussal Buttyán Levente Ta Vinh Thong buttyan@crysys.hu thong@crysys.hu CrySyS Adatbiztonsági Laboratórium BME Híradástechnikai Tanszék Kivonat: Az API szint támadások komoly veszélyt jelentenek a hardver biztonsági modulokra nézve, ezért fontos követelmény az API-ban rejl

Levente, Buttyán

182

Effects of the IV a element additions on composite-processed Nb/sub 3/Sn  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study, aimed at the research being done to improve the critical current density of composite-processed Nb/sub 3/Sn in high magnetic fields, gives a review of results recently achieved on the effects of IVa elements addition to Nb/sub 3/ with a Cu-Sn or Cu-Sn-Ga matrix. Titanium has also been added to the matrix. Experimental procedures are given; the metallurgical aspects and the compositions of the Nb/sub 3/Sn layer with different core and matrix are analyzed. It is found that: IVa elements added to the niobium core increase the growth rate of Nb/sub 3/Sn two three times and prevent the grain coarsening of Nb/sub 3/Sn at high reaction temperatures; the addition of titanium or hafnium increases the H /SUB c2/ by about 4 T; the addition of titanium to the matrix improves the high-field properties of Nb/sub 3/Sn without deteriorating the ductility of the core; a simultaneous addition of hafnium and gallium is most effective in enhancing the critical current density in high fields. Results for zirconium addition are also presented.

Tachikawa, K.; SeKine, H.; Takeuchi, T., Asano, T.; Tijima, Y.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

The effect of Ta on the magnetic thickness of permalloy (Ni{sub 81}Fe{sub 19}) films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of Ta and Ta/Cu seed layers, and Ta and Cu cap layers on the effective magnetic thickness of ultrathin permalloy (Ni{sub 81}Fe{sub 19}) was investigated for MRAM applications. The films were deposited by Ion Beam Deposition. The magnetic moment of each as-deposited permalloy film was measured using a B-H looper and a SQUID magnetometer. The films were further annealed at either 525 K for 1/2 h or 600 K for 1 h to study the effect of thermally driven interdiffusion on the magnetic moment of the permalloy film. Our theoretical calculations showed that the presence of 12% intermixing at the interface reduces the Ni moments to zero. Experimentally, it was shown that the tantalum rather than the copper interfaces are primarily responsible for the magnetically dead layers. The Ta seed layer interface produces a loss of moment equivalent to a magnetically dead layer of thickness 0.6{+-}0.2 nm. The Ta metal in the cap layer results in a loss of moment equivalent to a dead layer of thickness 1.0{+-}0.2 nm. Upon annealing, thermally driven interdiffusion is concluded to have a strong effect on the Ta(seed)/ Ni{sub 81}Fe{sub 19} as-deposited interface, based on the doubling of the magnetically dead layer to 1.2{+-}0.2 nm. The Ni{sub 81}Fe{sub 19}/Ta(cap) as-deposited interface slightly increases its equivalent magnetically dead layer upon annealing to 1.2{+-}0.2 nm. As-deposited interfaces of Ta(seed)/permalloy and permalloy/Ta(cap) are not chemically equivalent and result in different magnetically dead layers, whereas after annealing to 600 K both interfaces attain comparable intermixing and magnetically dead layers. It was also shown that a half-hour anneal at the lower 525 K annealing temperature, which is closer to the actual processing temperature, results in only slight increase of the magnetically dead layer at both interfaces. (c) 2000 American Institute of Physics.

Kowalewski, M. [Metals and Ceramics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)] [Metals and Ceramics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States); Butler, W. H. [Metals and Ceramics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)] [Metals and Ceramics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States); Moghadam, N. [Metals and Ceramics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)] [Metals and Ceramics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States); Stocks, G. M. [Metals and Ceramics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)] [Metals and Ceramics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States); Schulthess, T. C. [Metals and Ceramics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)] [Metals and Ceramics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States); Song, K. J. [Solid State Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)] [Solid State Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States); Thompson, J. R. [Solid State Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)] [Solid State Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States); Arrott, A. S. [Honeywell, Inc., MN14-3C15, 12001 State Highway 55, Plymouth, Minnesota 55441 (United States)] [Honeywell, Inc., MN14-3C15, 12001 State Highway 55, Plymouth, Minnesota 55441 (United States); Zhu, T. [Honeywell, Inc., MN14-3C15, 12001 State Highway 55, Plymouth, Minnesota 55441 (United States)] [Honeywell, Inc., MN14-3C15, 12001 State Highway 55, Plymouth, Minnesota 55441 (United States); Drewes, J. [Honeywell, Inc., MN14-3C15, 12001 State Highway 55, Plymouth, Minnesota 55441 (United States)] (and others) [Honeywell, Inc., MN14-3C15, 12001 State Highway 55, Plymouth, Minnesota 55441 (United States)

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

V-070: Apache CouchDB Multiple Vulnerabilities | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

0: Apache CouchDB Multiple Vulnerabilities 0: Apache CouchDB Multiple Vulnerabilities V-070: Apache CouchDB Multiple Vulnerabilities January 16, 2013 - 1:00am Addthis PROBLEM: Apache CouchDB Multiple Vulnerabilities PLATFORM: The vulnerabilities are reported in versions prior to 1.0.4, 1.1.2, and 1.2.1. ABSTRACT: Multiple vulnerabilities have been reported in Apache CouchDB REFERENCE LINKS: Secunia Advisory SA51765 Seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2013/Jan/80 Seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2013/Jan/81 Seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2013/Jan/82 CVE-2012-5641 CVE-2012-5649 CVE-2012-5650 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Medium DISCUSSION: Multiple vulnerabilities have been reported in Apache CouchDB, which can be exploited by malicious people to conduct cross-site scripting attacks and disclose potentially sensitive information. 1) Input passed via the query parameters to browser-based test suite is not

185

Investigation of structure and properties of the Nb rods manufactured by different deformation and heat treatment regimes in mass production conditions for the Nb{sub 3}Sn strands  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

From 2009 the mass production of the Nb{sub 3}Sn strands for ITER with the yield of several tens of tons per year operates at JSC Chepetsky Mechanical Plant (Glazov, Russia). In order to enhance the stability of output characteristics of the produced Nb{sub 3}Sn strands, to increase the Nb filaments dimensional homogeneity the manufacture regimes improvement of the used semiproducts such as Nb rods intended for the superconducting filaments formation in the finished strands has been carried out. In the work the investigations of the Nb rheological behavior, the influence of heat treatment in the wide temperature range from 700 to 1300 °C on the predeformed Nb rods structure and mechanical properties have been performed. Different production routes of the Nb rods, including such operations like forging, extrusion and drawing combined with the recrystallization annealings, were used. Composite Nb{sub 3}Sn strands have been produced and their electrophysical properties have been tested. For the first time influence of the niobium rods manufacture regimes on the current carrying capacity of the industrial Nb{sub 3}Sn strands has been investigated.

Abdyukhanov, I. M.; Vorobieva, A. E.; Alekseev, M. V.; Mareev, K. A.; Dergunova, E. A.; Peredkova, T. N. [JSC Bochvar High-Technology Research Institute of Inorganic Materials, 5a Rogova St., Moscow, 123060 (Russian Federation); Shikov, A. K. [NRC Kurchatov Institute, 1 Akademika Kurchatova Sq., Moscow, 123182 (Russian Federation); Utkin, K. V.; Vorobieva, A. V.; Kharkovsky, D. N. [JSC Chepetsky Mechanical Plant, 7 Belova St., Glazov, 427620 (Russian Federation)

2014-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

186

Crystal structure determination of the oxynitride Sr{sub 2}TaO{sub 3}N  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The crystal structure of the strontium tantalum oxynitride Sr{sub 2}TaO{sub 3}N has been resolved by Rietveld refinement using time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction data. The structure is of the K{sub 2}NiF{sub 4} type with a partially ordered anion sublattice (tetragonal, I4/mmm, a = 4.04127(3) {angstrom}, c = 12.6073(2) {angstrom}, c/a = 3.120, Z = 2). The tantalum atoms are at the center of TaO{sub 2}(O, N){sub 4} octahedra built up from two oxygen atoms at the apexes and four (N + O) atoms statistically forming the median plane. The strontium atoms have a coordination number of nine: SrO{sub 5}(O, N){sub 4}. The profile agreement factors are R{sub p} = 0.022, R{sub wp} = 0.016, R{sub exp} = 0.012, and R{sub 1} = 0.063.

Diot, N.; Marchand, R. [Univ. de Rennes 1 (France). Lab. Verres et Ceramiques] [Univ. de Rennes 1 (France). Lab. Verres et Ceramiques; Haines, J.; Leger, J.M. [CNRS, Meudon (France). Lab. de Physicochimie des Materiaux] [CNRS, Meudon (France). Lab. de Physicochimie des Materiaux; Macaudiere, P. [Centre de Recherches d`Aubervilliers (France)] [Centre de Recherches d`Aubervilliers (France); Hull, S. [Rutherford Appleton Lab., Didcot (United Kingdom). ISIS Science Div.] [Rutherford Appleton Lab., Didcot (United Kingdom). ISIS Science Div.

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Crystal structure determination of the oxynitride Sr[sub 2]TaO[sub 3]N  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The crystal structure of the strontium tantalum oxynitride Sr[sub 2]TaO[sub 3]N has been resolved by Rietveld refinement using time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction data. The structure is of the K[sub 2]NiF[sub 4] type with a partially ordered anion sublattice (tetragonal, I4/mmm, a = 4.04127(3) [angstrom], c = 12.6073(2) [angstrom], c/a = 3.120, Z = 2). The tantalum atoms are at the center of TaO[sub 2](O, N)[sub 4] octahedra built up from two oxygen atoms at the apexes and four (N + O) atoms statistically forming the median plane. The strontium atoms have a coordination number of nine: SrO[sub 5](O, N)[sub 4]. The profile agreement factors are R[sub p] = 0.022, R[sub wp] = 0.016, R[sub exp] = 0.012, and R[sub 1] = 0.063.

Diot, N.; Marchand, R. (Univ. de Rennes 1 (France). Lab. Verres et Ceramiques); Haines, J.; Leger, J.M. (CNRS, Meudon (France). Lab. de Physicochimie des Materiaux); Macaudiere, P. (Centre de Recherches d'Aubervilliers (France)); Hull, S. (Rutherford Appleton Lab., Didcot (United Kingdom). ISIS Science Div.)

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Effect of water vapor/hydrogen environments on niobium, B-66 niobium alloy, tantalum, and Ta-10W alloy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, the results of an experimental investigation of the effect of water vapor/hydrogen environments on the mechanical properties of niobium, B-66 niobium alloy, tantalum, and Ta-10W alloy are presented. Tensile tests were conducted on specimens of these materials in water vapor/hydrogen mixture ratios of 1 and 3. The water vapor/hydrogen environment caused strength reductions on tantalum and Ta-10W and ductility reductions on all four materials. The degree and causes of embrittlement were a complex function of temperature.

Walter, R.J.; Bentle, G.G.; Chandler, W.T. (Rockwell International Corp., Canoga Park, CA (United States). Rocketdyne Div.)

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

The ALE/GAGE/AGAGE Network (DB1001)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Atmospheric Trace Gases » ALE/GAGE/AGAGE Network Atmospheric Trace Gases » ALE/GAGE/AGAGE Network The ALE / GAGE / AGAGE Network (DB1001) DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/atg.db1001 Links to Additional Sources Advanced Global Atmospheric Gases Experiment (AGAGE) home page How halocarbons (CFCs, HFCs, HCFCs, and halons) are named CDIAC data base including some of the same compounds, and a tabulation of their uses and atmospheric lifetimes Investigators R.G. Prinn, R.F. Weiss, P.J. Fraser, P.G. Simmonds, S. O'Doherty, P. Salameh, L. Porter, P. Krummel, R.H.J. Wang, B. Miller, C. Harth, B. Greally, F.A. Van Woy, L.P. Steele, J. Müehle, G. Sturrock, F.N. Alyea, J. Huang, and D.E. Hartley Description In the ALE/GAGE/AGAGE global network program, continuous high frequency gas chromatographic measurements of four biogenic/anthropogenic gases (methane,

190

Highly transparent Nb-doped indium oxide electrodes for organic solar cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors investigated the characteristics of Nb-doped In{sub 2}O{sub 3} (INbO) films prepared by co-sputtering of Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5} and In{sub 2}O{sub 3} for use in transparent anodes for organic solar cells (OSCs). To optimize the Nb dopant composition in the In{sub 2}O{sub 3} matrix, the effect of the Nb doping power on the resistivity and transparency of the INbO films were examined. The electronic structure and microstructure of the INbO films were also investigated using synchrotron x-ray absorption spectroscopy and x-ray diffraction examinations in detail. At the optimized Nb co-sputtering power of 30?W, the INbO film exhibited a sheet resistance of 15??/sq, and an optical transmittance of 86.04% at 550?nm, which are highly acceptable for the use as transparent electrodes in the fabrication of OSCs. More importantly, the comparable power conversion efficiency (3.34%) of the OSC with an INbO anode with that (3.31%) of an OSC with a commercial ITO anode indicates that INbO films are promising as a transparent electrode for high performance OSCs.

Kim, Jun Ho; Seong, Tae-Yeon [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Korea University, Seoul 136-713 (Korea, Republic of); Na, Seok-In [Professional Graduate School of Flexible and Printable Electronics, Chonbuk National University, 664-14, Deokjin-dong, Jeongju-si, Jellabuk-do 561-756 (Korea, Republic of); Chung, Kwun-Bum [Department of Physics, Dankook University, Mt. 29, Anseo-Dong, Chenan 330-714 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Hye-Min; Kim, Han-Ki, E-mail: imdlhkkim@khu.ac.kr [Department of Advanced Materials Engineering for Information and Electronics, Kyung Hee University, 1 Seocheon-dong, Yongin, Gyeonggi-do 446-701 (Korea, Republic of)

2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

191

The role of Nb in intensity increase of Er ion upconversion luminescence in zirconia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is found that Nb co-doping increases the luminescence and upconversion luminescence intensity in rare earth doped zirconia. Er and Yb-doped nanocrystalline samples with or without Nb co-doping were prepared by sol-gel method and thermally annealed to check for the impact of phase transition on luminescence properties. Phase composition and grain sizes were examined by X-ray diffraction; the morphology was checked by scanning- and high-resolution transmission electron microscopes. Both steady-state and time-resolved luminescence were studied. Comparison of samples with different oxygen vacancy concentrations and different Nb concentrations confirmed the known assumption that oxygen vacancies are the main agents for tetragonal or cubic phase stabilization. The oxygen vacancies quench the upconversion luminescence; however, they also prevent agglomeration of rare-earth ions and/or displacement of rare-earth ions to grain surfaces. It is found that co-doping with Nb ions significantly (>20 times) increases upconversion luminescence intensity. Hence, ZrO{sub 2}:Er:Yb:Nb nanocrystals may show promise for upconversion applications.

Smits, K., E-mail: smits@cfi.lu.lv; Sarakovskis, A.; Grigorjeva, L.; Millers, D. [Institute of Solid State Physics, University of Latvia, 8 Kengaraga Str., Riga LV1063 (Latvia); Grabis, J. [Institute of Inorganic Chemistry, Riga Technical University, Salaspils-1 LV2169 (Latvia)

2014-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

192

3AK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY OPERAiEO BY MARTIN MARIE,TA ENERGY SYSTEMS, INC.  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

.I Y. ,J,.- i .I Y. ,J,.- i - 3AK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY OPERAiEO BY MARTIN MARIE,TA ENERGY SYSTEMS, INC. POST OFFICE BOX X OAK RIOGE. TENNESSEE 37631 July 20, 1984 Ms. Gale P. Turi Division of Remedial Action Projects Office of Nuclear Energy U.S. Department of Energy MS - NE24 Washington, D.C. 20545 Dear Ms. Turi: Radfoloafcal Survey of the Guterl Steel Fad1 ftya 1 o&a As requested, a visit was made to the Guterl Steel facility (formerly Simonds Saw and Steel) on July 9, 1984 to determine if there have been significant changes in the radiological status of the facility since the last survey. In general, measurements made during this survey are con- sistent with those made during the 1977 survey (ORNL) and a follow-up survey in 1981 (FBD). Significant amounts of contaminated material are present in the rolling

193

An overview of the TA-55, Building PF-4 ventilation system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An overview of the TA-55, Building PF-4 ventilation system is provided in the following sections. Included are descriptions of the zone configurations, equipment-performance criteria, ventilation support systems, and the ventilation-system evaluation criteria. Section 4.2.1.1 provides a brief discussion of the ventilation system function. Section 4.2.1.2 provides details on the overall system configuration. Details of system interfaces and support systems are provided in Section 4.2.1.3. Section 4.2.1.4 describes instrumentation and control needed to operate the ventilation system. Finally, Sections 4.2.1.5 and 4.2.1.6 describe system surveillance/maintenance and Technical Safety Requirements (TSR) Limitations, respectively. Note that the numerical parameters included in this description are considered nominal; set points and other specifications actually fall within operational bands.

NONE

1994-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

194

Complete genome sequence of Tolumonas auensis type strain (TA 4T)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tolumonas auensis Fischer-Romero et al. 1996 is currently the only validly named species of the genus Tolumonas in the family Aeromonadaceae. The strain is of interest because of its ability to produce toluene from phenylalanine and other phenyl precursors, as well as phenol from tyrosine. This is of interest because toluene is normally considered to be a tracer of anthropogenic pollution in lakes, but T. auensis represents a biogenic source of toluene. Oth- er than Aeromonas hydrophila subsp. hydrophila, T. auensis strain TA 4T is the only other member in the family Aeromonadaceae with a completely sequenced type-strain genome. The 3,471,292 bp chromosome with a total of 3,288 protein-coding and 116 RNA genes was sequenced as part of the DOE Joint Genome Institute Program JBEI 2008.

Chertkov, Olga [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Copeland, A [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Lucas, Susan [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Lapidus, Alla L. [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Berry, Alison M [California Institute of Technology, University of California, Davis; Detter, J. Chris [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Glavina Del Rio, Tijana [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Hammon, Nancy [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Dalin, Eileen [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Tice, Hope [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Pitluck, Sam [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Richardson, P M [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Bruce, David [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Goodwin, Lynne A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Han, Cliff [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Tapia, Roxanne [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Saunders, Elizabeth H [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Schmutz, Jeremy [Stanford University; Brettin, Thomas S [ORNL; Larimer, Frank W [ORNL; Land, Miriam L [ORNL; Hauser, Loren John [ORNL; Spring, Stefan [DSMZ - German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures GmbH, Braunschweig, Germany; Rohde, Manfred [HZI - Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research, Braunschweig, Germany; Kyrpides, Nikos C [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Ivanova, N [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute; Goker, Markus [DSMZ - German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures GmbH, Braunschweig, Germany; Beller, Harry R. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL); Klenk, Hans-Peter [DSMZ - German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures GmbH, Braunschweig, Germany; Woyke, Tanja [U.S. Department of Energy, Joint Genome Institute

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Preparation and characterisation of isotopically enriched Ta$_2$O$_5$ targets for nuclear astrophysics studies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The direct measurement of reaction cross sections at astrophysical energies often requires the use of solid targets of known thickness, isotopic composition, and stoichiometry that are able to withstand high beam currents for extended periods of time. Here, we report on the production and characterisation of isotopically enriched Ta$_2$O$_5$ targets for the study of proton-induced reactions at the Laboratory for Underground Nuclear Astrophysics facility of the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso. The targets were prepared by anodisation of tantalum backings in enriched water (up to 66% in $^{17}$O and up to 96% in $^{18}$O). Special care was devoted to minimising the presence of any contaminants that could induce unwanted background reactions with the beam in the energy region of astrophysical interest. Results from target characterisation measurements are reported, and the conclusions for proton capture measurements with these targets are drawn.

A. Caciolli; D. A. Scott; A. Di Leva; A. Formicola; M. Aliotta; M. Anders; A. Bellini; D. Bemmerer; C. Broggini; M. Campeggio; P. Corvisiero; R. Depalo; Z. Elekes; Zs. Fülöp; G. Gervino; A. Guglielmetti; C. Gustavino; Gy. Gyürky; G. Imbriani; M. Junker; M. Marta; R. Menegazzo; E. Napolitani; P. Prati; V. Rigato; V. Roca; C. Rolfs; C. Rossi Alvarez; E. Somorjai; C. Salvo; O. Straniero; F. Strieder; T. Szücs; F. Terrasi; H. P. Trautvetter; D. Trezzi

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Complete genome sequence of Tolumonas auensis type strain (TA 4T)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tolumonas auensis (Fischer-Romero et al. 1996) is currently the only validly named species of the genus Tolumonas in the family Aeromonadaceae. The strain is of interest because of its ability to produce toluene from phenylalanine and other phenyl precursors, as well as phenol from tyrosine. This is of interest because toluene is normally considered to be a tracer of anthropogenic pollution in lakes, but T. auensis represents a biogenic source of toluene. Other than Aeromonas hydrophila subsp. hydrophila, T. auensis strain TA 4T is the only other member in the family Aeromonadaceae with a completely sequenced type-strain genome. The 3,471,292-bp chromosome with a total of 3,288 protein-coding and 116 RNA genes was sequenced as part of the DOE Joint Genome Institute Program JBEI 2008.

Chertkov, Olga; Copeland, Alex; Lucas1, Susa; Lapidus, Alla; Berry, KerrieW.; Detter, JohnC.; Glavina Del Rio, Tijana; Hammon, Nancy; Dalin, Eileen; Tice, Hope; Pitluck, Sam; Richardson, Paul; Bruce, David; Goodwin, Lynne; Han, Cliff; Tapia, Roxanne; Saunders, Elizabeth; Schmutz, Jeremy; Brettin, Thomas; Larimer, Frank; Land, Miriam; Hauser, Loren; Spring, Stefan; Rohde, Manfred; Kyrpides, NikosC.; Ivanova, Natalia; Göker, Markus; Beller, HarryR.; Klenk, Hans-Peter; Woyke, Tanja

2011-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

197

Structure and application of IconCache.db files for digital forensics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Anti-forensics has developed to prevent digital forensic investigations, thus forensic investigations to prevent anti-forensic behaviors have been studied in various area. In the area of user activity analysis, ''IconCache.db'' files contain icon cache ... Keywords: Anti-forensics, Digital forensics, Icon, IconCache.db, User behavior

Chan-Youn Lee, Sangjin Lee

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

ABSORPTION-DELAY MODELS OF HEAT TRANSPORT R.E. SHOWALTER AND D.B. VISARRAGA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ABSORPTION-DELAY MODELS OF HEAT TRANSPORT R.E. SHOWALTER AND D.B. VISARRAGA Abstract. A temperature jump in the water traveling through a pipe is delayed by the absorption of heat into the pipe wall transfer, absorption, memory, kinetic models, approximation. 1 #12;2 R.E. SHOWALTER AND D.B. VISARRAGA 1

199

Performance Evaluation of a MongoDB and Hadoop Platform for Scientific Data Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Project are using MongoDB, a document oriented NoSQL store. However, there is a limited understanding- laborators are added onto the project over time. MongoDB provides an appropriate data model and query language for this application. However, the project also needs to perform complex statistical data mining

200

Does Online Mobile Gaming Overcharge You for De-Yu Chen, Po-Ching Lin, and Kuan-Ta Chen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Does Online Mobile Gaming Overcharge You for The Fun? De-Yu Chen, Po-Ching Lin, and Kuan-Ta Chen, National Chung Cheng University Abstract--With the growing popularity of online mobile games, the network traffic generated by them accounts for an increas- ingly significant proportion of mobile Internet traffic

Chen, Sheng-Wei

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201

EEB 324: Theoretical Ecology (TA: Marissa Baskett) Lab 1 notes: Basic Matlab functions, plotting, and numerical integration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

EEB 324: Theoretical Ecology (TA: Marissa Baskett) Lab 1 notes: Basic Matlab functions, plotting for the class, and one within that for each problem set. Each time you open Matlab, make sure you change of the Matlab window). When you open Matlab, you should see a prompt that looks like this: >> You can do basic

Baskett, Marissa L.

202

Properties of Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5} thin films prepared by ion-assisted deposition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • Investigating the effect of ion-beam parameters on optical properties. • Exploring the effect of ion-beam parameters on structural properties. • Studying XRD patterns of Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5} films deposited at different ion energies. - Abstract: Tantalum penta-oxide (Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5}) thin films were deposited onto highly polished and clean, fused silica glass substrates via ion beam-assisted deposition at room temperature using a high-vacuum coater equipped with an electron beam gun. The effects of ion beam parameters, oxygen flow rate, and deposition rate on the optical and structural properties as well as the stress of Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5} films were studied. It has been revealed that Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5} thin films deposited at 300 eV ion beam energy, 60 ?A/cm{sup 2} ion current density, 20 sccm oxygen flow rate and 0.6 nm/s deposition rate demonstrated excellent optical, structural and compressive stress.

Farhan, Mansour S. [College of Engineering, Wasit University (Iraq); Zalnezhad, E., E-mail: erfan_zalnezhad@yahoo.com [Center of Advanced Manufacturing and Material Processing, Department of Engineering Design and Manufacture, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603 (Malaysia); Bushroa, A.R. [Center of Advanced Manufacturing and Material Processing, Department of Engineering Design and Manufacture, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603 (Malaysia)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

203

The newesT addiTion To The UniversiTy of MinnesoTa's BioMedical  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The newesT addiTion To The UniversiTy of MinnesoTa's BioMedical discovery disTricT is designed The BUilding's collegial and physical relaTionship To neighBoring faciliTies in The U's BioMedical discovery in the U's Biomedical Discovery District. "The brick, precast concrete, and curtain wall vocabulary

Weiblen, George D

204

Effects of Nb doping level on the electronic transport, photoelectric effect and magnetoresistance across La{sub 0.5}Ca{sub 0.5}MnO{sub 3}/Nb:SrTiO{sub 3} junctions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Heterojunctions composed of La{sub 0.5}Ca{sub 0.5}MnO{sub 3} and Nb doped SrTiO{sub 3} were fabricated, and the effects of the Nb doping level on their electronic transport, photoelectric effect, and magnetoresistance were investigated. A lower doping concentration of Nb led to better rectifying properties and higher open circuit voltages. The I-V curves for La{sub 0.5}Ca{sub 0.5}MnO{sub 3}/0.7?wt.?% Nb-SrTiO{sub 3} showed a negligible response to magnetic fields for all temperatures, whereas La{sub 0.5}Ca{sub 0.5}MnO{sub 3}/0.05?wt.?% Nb-SrTiO{sub 3} exhibited distinct magnetoresistance, which depended on both the bias voltage and temperature. These results are discussed with the assistance of conventional semiconductor theories.

Wang, J. F., E-mail: jifewang@gmail.com [Department of Physics, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road (Hong Kong); College of Science, China Jiliang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310018 (China); Jiang, Y. C.; Gao, J., E-mail: jugao@hku.hk [Department of Physics, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road (Hong Kong); Chen, M. G. [College of Science, China Jiliang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310018 (China)] [College of Science, China Jiliang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310018 (China)

2013-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

205

Finite-element method simulation of effects of microstructure, stress state, and interface strength on flow localization and constraint development in Nb/Cr{sub 2}Nb in situ composites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effects of volume fraction of particles, stress state, and interface strength on the yield strength, flow localization, plastic constraint, and damage development in Nb/Cr{sub 2}Nb in situ composites were investigated by the finite-element method (FEM). The microstructure of the in situ composite was represented in terms of a unit rectangular or square cell containing Cr{sub 2}Nb particles embedded within a solid-solution-alloy matrix. The hard particles were considered to be elastic and isotropic, while the matrix was elastic-plastic, obeying the Ramberg-Osgood constitutive relation. The FEM model was utilized to compute the composite strength, local hydrostatic stress, and plastic strain distributions as functions of volume fraction of particles, stress state, and interface strength. The results were used to elucidate the influence of volume fracture of particles, stress state, and interface property on the development of plastic constraint and damage in Nb/Cr{sub 2}Nb composites.

Lin, G.; Chan, K.S.

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Synthesis of shape-controlled Nb{sub 3}O{sub 7}F/NbB{sub 2} heterostructure: A new idea to synthesize binary hybrid materials by incomplete reaction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Niobium oxide fluoride/niobium diboride (Nb{sub 3}O{sub 7}F/NbB{sub 2}) heterostructures with urchin-like and nanowall-like morphologies were synthesized by a facile hydrothermal approach. The high-density one-dimensional Nb{sub 3}O{sub 7}F nanoneedle arrays and two-dimensional Nb{sub 3}O{sub 7}F nanosheets stand on the surface of NbB{sub 2} cores. Here a new idea is proposed to synthesize binary heterostructure by in situ 'incomplete reaction'. Ultraviolet-visible spectra showed that such heterostructure has a wide absorption peak at around 270 nm and the absorption edge of the products synthesized at higher temperature shifts to longer wavelength because of stronger nanometric effect.

Huang, Fei [State Key Lab of Advanced Technology for Materials Synthesis and Processing, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070 (China)] [State Key Lab of Advanced Technology for Materials Synthesis and Processing, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070 (China); Fu, Zhengyi, E-mail: zyfu@whut.edu.cn [State Key Lab of Advanced Technology for Materials Synthesis and Processing, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070 (China)] [State Key Lab of Advanced Technology for Materials Synthesis and Processing, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070 (China); Wang, Weimin; Wang, Hao; Wang, Yucheng; Zhang, Jinyong; Zhang, Qingjie [State Key Lab of Advanced Technology for Materials Synthesis and Processing, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070 (China)] [State Key Lab of Advanced Technology for Materials Synthesis and Processing, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070 (China); Lee, Soo Wohn [Department of Materials Engineering, SunMoon University, Asar, ChungNan 336-708 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Materials Engineering, SunMoon University, Asar, ChungNan 336-708 (Korea, Republic of); Niihara, Kochi [Extreme Energy Density Research Institute, Nagoka University of Technology, 1603-1, Kamitomioka, Nagoba, Niigata 940-2188 (Japan)] [Extreme Energy Density Research Institute, Nagoka University of Technology, 1603-1, Kamitomioka, Nagoba, Niigata 940-2188 (Japan)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

207

Simulation of non-linear rf losses derived from characteristic Nb topography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A simplified model has been developed to simulate non-linear RF losses on Nb surfaces exclusively due to topographical enhancement of surface magnetic fields. If local sharp edges are small enough, at locations where local surface fields exceed Hc, small volumes of material may become normal conducting without thermal leading to quench. These small volumes of normal material yield increases in the effective surface resistance of the Nb. Using topographic data from typical BCP?d and EP?d fine grain niobium surfaces, we have simulated field-dependent losses and found that when extrapolated to resulting cavity performance, these losses correspond well to characteristic BCP/EP high field Q0 performance differences for fine grain Nb. We describe the structure of the model, its limitations, and the effects of this type of non-linear loss contribution on SRF cavities.

Reece, Charles E. [JLAB; Xu, Chen; Kelley, Michael [W& M. JLAB

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

ECR Nb Films Grown on Amorphous and Crystalline Cu Substrates: Influence of Ion Energy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the pursuit of niobium (Nb) films with similar performance with the commonly used bulk Nb surfaces for Superconducting RF (SRF) applications, significant progress has been made with the development of energetic condensation deposition techniques. Using energetic condensation of ions extracted from plasma generated by Electron Cyclotron Resonance, it has been demonstrated that Nb films with good structural properties and RRR comparable to bulk values can be produced on metallic substrates. The controlled incoming ion energy enables a number of processes such as desorption of adsorbed species, enhanced mobility of surface atoms and sub-implantation of impinging ions, thus producing improved film structures at lower process temperatures. Particular attention is given to the nucleation conditions to create a favourable template for growing the final surface exposed to SRF fields. The influence of the deposition energy on film growth on copper substrates is investigated with the characterization of the film surface, structure, superconducting properties and RF performance.

Valente, Anne-Marie [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Eremeev, Grigory V. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Spradlin, Joshua K. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Phillips, H. Lawrence [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Reece, Charles E. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Cao, C. [Illinois Inst. of Technology, Chicago, IL (United States); Proslier, Thomas [Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL (United States); Tao, T. [Univ. of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States)

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Measurements of Nb3Sn conductor dimension changes during heat treatment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During the heat treatment of Nb{sub 3}Sn coils the conductor material properties change significantly. These effects together with the changes of the conductor dimensions during heat treatment may introduce large strain in the coils for accelerator magnets. The US LHC Accelerator Research Program (LARP) has initiated a study aiming at understanding the thermal expansion and contraction of Nb3Sn strands, cables and coils during heat treatment. Several measurements on strands and cables were performed in order to have sufficient inputs for finite element simulation of the dimensional changes during heat treatment. In this paper the results of measurements of OST-RRP Nb{sub 3}Sn conductor used in the LARP magnet program are discussed.

Bocian, D.; Ambrosio, G.; Whitson, G.M.; /Fermilab

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Property and lifetime prediction in aged U-Nb alloys: a statistical assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study was undertaken to better model the aging response of U-Nb alloys, particularly to predict properties and their scatter bands, from which lifetimes and their uncertainties can be evaluated. Predictive models of the aging time- and temperature-dependencies of seven age-sensitive properties were developed for nonbanded U-5.6 wt% Nb and U-7.7 wt% Nb alloys. These properties were total and uniform plastic tensile elongation to failure; first-yield, second-yield, and ultimate tensile strengths; first-yield elastic modulus; and Vickers microhardness. A more systematic and statistically aware kinetics modeling approach than employed previously gave reasonable models fits to accelerated aging property data in nonbanded U-5.6Nb and U-7.7Nb, and useful predictions for most of the properties studied. With minor modifications, the U-5.6Nb model was extended to banded U-6Nb. This modeling approach shared many of the key assumptions of the previous approach, including the assumption of Arrhenius behavior and the use of three adjustable parameters. Initial data returns from long-term aging experiments were used to validate the fitted models, a new feature to this study. The apparent activation energies of aging for the property of greatest interest, total elongation, were 32 kcal/mol for U-5.6Nb and 39 kcal/mol for U-7.7Nb, respectively; those for the other properties spanned 14–51 kcal/mol. Comparing the goodness of the model fits for the seven properties, the best fits were obtained for second-yield strength and hardness, the first-yield modulus fit the least well, and the other properties’ fits were in between. The U-5.6Nb models are more robust and therefore are expected to have better predictive power than those of U-7.7Nb, especially at the lower aging temperatures of interest. Model extrapolations to longer times (up to 5 years) and lower temperatures (as low as 40ºC) than those used for the model fitting agreed well with most of the validation data gathered for both nonbanded alloys, as well as banded U-6Nb, giving provisional validation of the fitted models. Property predictions for planned or already pending validation experiments are also provided. With a view towards enabling future modeling efforts, this report tabulates all replicate tensile properties and complete hardness scan data used for both model fitting and validation. For surveillance purposes, the properties most practically amenable to detecting the onset of aging at the earliest times are first-yield strength and second-yield strength. Even at aging temperatures as high as 60ºC, the minimum lifetimes from this present study are beyond 100 years, giving no cause for concern, if the previously developed failure criterion based on uniaxial tensile elongation (with its caveats) is accepted.

Robert E. Hackenberg; Geralyn M. Hemphill

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Singularit du pouvoir thermolectrique de NbSe3 la transition T1 A. Bonnet, A. Conan et P. Said (*)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

difficultes a classer NbSe3. - Le trichalcog6nure de niobium NbSe3 est d6crit comme un compose 1 ou 2orie maintenant bien 6tablie [4, 5] sont typiquement observes sur les dichalcog6nures en couches. Maisnures. 11 parait int6ressant de dresser la liste de ces differences. Notons

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

212

Fabrication and measurements of hybrid Nb/Al Josephson junctions and flux qubits with pi-shifters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe fabrication and testing of composite flux qubits combining Nb- and Al-based superconducting circuit technology. This hybrid approach to making qubits allows for employing pi-phase shifters fabricated using well-established Nb-based technology of superconductor-ferromagnet-superconductor Josephson junctions. The important feature here is to obtain high interface transparency between Nb and Al layers without degrading sub-micron shadow mask. We achieve this by in-situ Ar etching using e-beam gun. Shadow-evaporated Al/AlOx/Al Josephson junctions with Nb bias pads show the expected current-voltage characteristics with reproducible critical currents. Using this technique, we fabricated composite Nb/Al flux qubits with Nb/CuNi/Nb pi-shifters and measured their magnetic field response. The observed offset between the field responses of the qubits with and without pi-junction is attributed to the pi phase shift. The reported approach can be used for implementing a variety of hybrid Nb/Al superconducting quantum circuits.

A. V. Shcherbakova; K. G. Fedorov; K. V. Shulga; V. V. Ryazanov; V. V. Bolginov; V. A Oboznov; S. V. Egorov; V. O. Shkolnikov; M. J. Wolf; D. Beckmann; A. V. Ustinov

2014-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

213

Comparative study on the corrosion behavior of TiNb and TMA alloys for dental application in various artificial solutions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comparative study on the corrosion behavior of Ti­Nb and TMA alloys for dental application 2011 Keywords: Ti­Nb alloy TMA Corrosion Fluoride Artificial saliva The corrosion behavior of Ti the corrosion resistance of experimental alloys, with the corroded surface being further characterized

Zheng, Yufeng

214

Manufacturing of titanium-bronze processed multifilamentary Nb/sub 3/Sn conductors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It has been revealed that small amount of titanium addition to the bronze matrix is most effective for improving the high-field current-carrying capacities of bronze-processed multifilamentary Nb/sub 3/Sn conductor. Multifilamentary Nb/Cu-7.5at%Sn-0.4at%Ti round wires with 4-5 ..mu..m-diam 31x331-cores fabricated through drawing process only showed the overall critical current density Jc(overall) over 3.5 x 10/sup 4/ A/cm/sup 2/ at 15 T after the heat treatment at 690/sup 0/C for 200 hr. It was also shown that the critical current anisotropy became larger with increasing aspect ratio of the rectangular shaped multifilamentary Nb/Cu-7.5Sn-0.4Ti conductors. Rectangular shaped 5 ..mu..m-diam 31x361-core Nb/Cu-7.5Sn0.45Ti conductors prepared through double extrusions showed about the same tendencies in the aspect ratio dependence of I /SUB c/ (H /SUB II/ ) as those prepared through drawing process only, after the heat treatment at 690/sup 0/C for 200 hr. 9.5 mm wide and 1.8 mm thick Nb/Cu-7.5Sn-0.4Ti conductors with 5 ..mu..m-diam 349x361-cores have been successfully fabricated in full production scale through three steps hydrostatic extrusion process. These rectangular shaped practical multifilamentary Ti bronze Nb/sub 3/Sn conductors make feasible to generate a central magnetic field over 16 T in the 190 mm winding inner diameter intermediate coil of the 18 T superconducting magnet at NRIM.

Kamata, K.; Fujinaga, T.; Itoh, K.; Moriai, H.; Tachikawa, K.; Tada, N.

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Data:28ec72db-d1db-4daf-94c1-6c055c6fc28b | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

db-d1db-4daf-94c1-6c055c6fc28b db-d1db-4daf-94c1-6c055c6fc28b No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Pataula Electric Member Corp Effective date: 1997/12/01 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule SS - Seasonal Service, Single Phase Sector: Commercial Description: Applicable to seasonal loads with connected motor capacity exceeding 10 horsepower.A seasonal consumer is defined as a permanently connected consumer with a recurring seasonal pattern of service requirements. Source or reference: http://facts.psc.state.ga.us/Public/GetDocument.aspx?ID=128532 Source Parent: Comments Applicability

216

Data:Db814db1-deec-4487-a61c-9e93a5c0ae6f | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Db814db1-deec-4487-a61c-9e93a5c0ae6f Db814db1-deec-4487-a61c-9e93a5c0ae6f No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Taylor County Rural E C C Effective date: 2011/09/30 End date if known: Rate name: Industrial Compressed Air Program Sector: Industrial Description: The Industrial Advanced Compressed Air Program is a program designed to reduce electricity consumption through a comprehensive approach to efficient production and delivery of compressed air in industrial facilities. The program includes (1) training of plant staff, (2) a detailed system assessment of the plant's compressed air system including written findings and recommendations; and (3) incentives for capital-intensive improvements.

217

Data:46a20756-7bfd-45bf-ad8d-295db9db6378 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

56-7bfd-45bf-ad8d-295db9db6378 56-7bfd-45bf-ad8d-295db9db6378 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of New Bern, North Carolina (Utility Company) Effective date: 2008/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: Street Lighting Service - Post-Mounted 7000 Lumen Mercury Vapor (1 light per 6 customers) - Metal Pole Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: www.newbern-nc.org/Elec/documents/SLS32B2009.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V):

218

Data:F9d0db90-a110-411c-999d-9c9d3fcd86db | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

db90-a110-411c-999d-9c9d3fcd86db db90-a110-411c-999d-9c9d3fcd86db No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Howard Greeley Rural P P D Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Schedule I Irrigation Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: Ilinois State University Rate binder # 10 Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

219

High-gain dc SQUID magnetometers with NbN nanobridges  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports on high-gain dc SQUIDs using NbN nanobridges fabricated for magnetometers with high sensitivity, and their device parameters and intrinsic energy sensitivity have been evaluated. The slit inductance of the square washer SQUID was reduced by using the co-planar edge structure of the low inductance. The junction capacitance was typically 15 {approximately} 40 ft. The maximum voltage modualtion was about 110 {mu}V for the NbN nanobridge SQUID with an inductance of 0.18nH.

Irie, A.; Hamasaki, K.; Yamashita, T. (Dept. of Electronics, Nagaoka Univ. of Technology, Kamitomioka-Machi 1603-1, Nagoka-shi, Niigata 940-21 (JP)); Matsui, T.; Komiyama, B. (Communication Research Lab., Ministry of Posts and Telecommunication, Koganei, Tokyo 184 (JP))

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Development of Nb{sub 3}Sn superconducting wire for fusion applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nb{sub 3}Sn strand for high field fusion magnets has been developed at AISA within the framework of a NET (Next European Torus) contract. The aim of this work is to manufacture by an industrial internal tin process a high critical current density Nb{sub 3}Sn strand with low losses in pulsed field applications ({+-}3 T). Manufacturing results and wire performances are reported in this paper which also includes discussion on the kinetics of bronze formations at different reactions temperatures and on the possible RRR degradation of the reacted chrome-coated strand.

Hoang, G.K.; Bruzek, C.E.; Sulten, P.; Mougenot, P.; Peltier, F.; Grunblatt, G. [GEC Alsthom Intermagnetics, Belfort (France)] [GEC Alsthom Intermagnetics, Belfort (France)

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nb ta db" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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221

Magnetization of in situ multifilamentary superconducting Nb/sub 3/Sn-Cu composites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Magnetic properties are reported for in situ superconducting Nb/sub 3/Sn composites that have exhibited attractive electrical properties and superior mechanical characteristics. Magnetization measurements were conducted up to 4 T at 4.2 K on a variety of samples of different sizes and twist pitches, and the results are presented in absolute M-H curves and losses per cycle. It is observed that the magnetization of such composites is generally proportional to the size of the wire (approx. 0.25 to 0.51 mm) rather than the fiber size (approx. 10/sup -7/ m), which indicates a strong coupling effect among Nb/sub 3/Sn fibers.

Shen, S.S.; Verhoeven, J.D.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Film Deposition, Cryogenic RF Testing and Materials Analysis of a Nb/Cu Single Cell SRF Cavity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this study, we present preliminary results on using a cathodic-arc-discharge Nb plasma ion source to establish a Nb film-coated single-cell Cu cavity for SRF research. The polycrystalline Cu cavity was fabricated and mirror-surface-finished by a centrifugal barrel polishing (CBP) process at Jefferson Lab. Special pre-coating processes were conducted, in order to create a template-layer for follow-on Nb grain thickening. A sequence of cryogenic RF testing demonstrated that the Nb film does show superconductivity. But the quality factor of this Nb/Cu cavity is low as a result of high residual surface resistance. We are conducting a thorough materials characterization to explore if some microstructural defects or hydrogen impurities, led to such a low quality factor.

Zhao, Xin [JLAB; Geng, Rongli [JLAB; Palczerski, Ari [JLAB; Li, Yongming [Peking

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Properties of planar Nb/{alpha}-Si/Nb Josephson junctions with various degrees of doping of the {alpha}-Si layer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The properties of Nb/{alpha}-Si/Nb planar Josephson junctions with various degrees of doping of the amorphous silicon layer are experimentally studied. Tungsten is used as a doping impurity. The properties of the Josephson junctions are shown to change substantially when the degree of doping of the {alpha}-Si layer changes: a current transport mechanism and the shape of the current-voltage characteristic of the junctions change. Josephson junctions with SNS-type conduction are formed in the case of a fully degenerate {alpha}-Si layer. The properties of such junctions are described by a classical resistive model. Josephson junctions with a resonance mechanism of current transport through impurity centers are formed at a lower degree of doping of the {alpha}-Si layer. The high-frequency properties of such junctions are shown to change. The experimental results demonstrate that these junctions are close to SINIS-type Josephson junctions.

Gudkov, A. L., E-mail: gudkov@niifp.ru [Lukin Scientific Research Institute of Physical Problems, ZAO Kompelst (Russian Federation); Kupriyanov, M. Yu. [Moscow State University, Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics (Russian Federation); Samus', A. N. [Lukin Scientific Research Institute of Physical Problems, ZAO Kompelst (Russian Federation)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

224

Synchrotron and neutron powder diffraction study of phase transition in weberite-type Nd{sub 3}NbO{sub 7} and La{sub 3}NbO{sub 7}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

La{sub 3}NbO{sub 7} and Nd{sub 3}NbO{sub 7} are insulating compounds that have an orthorhombic weberite-type crystal structure and undergo a phase transition at about 360 and 450 K, respectively. The nature of the phase transitions was investigated via heat capacity measurements, synchrotron X-ray and neutron diffraction experiments. It is here shown that above the phase transition temperature, the compounds possess a weberite-type structure described by space group Cmcm (No. 63). Below the phase transition, the high temperature phase transforms into a weberite-type structure with space group Pmcn (No. 62). The phase transformation primarily involves the off-center shifting of Nb{sup 5+} ions inside the NbO{sub 6} octahedra, combined with shifts of one third of the Ln{sup 3+} (Ln{sup 3+}=La{sup 3+} and Nd{sup 3+}) ions at the center of the LnO{sub 8} polyhedra towards off-center positions. The phase transition was also proven to have great impacts on the dielectric properties. - Graphical abstract: The phase transition of La{sub 3}NbO{sub 7} and Nd{sub 3}NbO{sub 7} upon cooling primarily involves the off-center shifting of Nb{sup 5+} ions inside the NbO{sub 6} octahedra, combined with shifts of one third of the Ln{sup 3+} (Ln{sup 3+}=La{sup 3+} and Nd{sup 3+}) ions at the center of the LnO{sub 8} polyhedra towards off-center positions. Above the phase transition temperature, Ln{sup 3+} and Nb{sup 5+} sit at a position with mirror symmetry and 2-fold axis. Below the phase transition temperature, Ln{sup 3+} and Nb{sup 5+} shift away from the 2-fold axis but still in the mirror plane. Highlights: > La{sub 3}NbO{sub 7} and Nd{sub 3}NbO{sub 7} exhibit a phase transition at 360 and 450 K, respectively. > The phase transformation primarily involves the off-center shifting of Nb{sup 5+} and Ln{sup 3+}. > The off-center ionic displacement decreases with increasing temperature. > Dielectric properties are greatly related to the off-center displacement.

Cai Lu, E-mail: cail@ornl.gov [Spallation Neutron Source, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, PO Box 2008 MS6454, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States); Nino, Juan C. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 (United States)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

225

93Nb NMR of the random-field-dominated relaxor transition in pure and doped SBN  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ferroelectric relaxor transitions in Sr0.61Ba0.39Nb2O6 (SBN61) and Sr0.61-yCeyBa0.39Nb2O6 (SBN61:Ce y=0.0066) have been studied by quadrupole perturbed 93Nb NMR. The spectra are inhomogeneous frequency distributions f(?) consisting of a central component due to the 1/2?-1/2 transition and a broad background due to the satellite transitions. From the temperature dependence of the width and position of the central component spectrum and from the T dependence of T2 we determined the T dependence of the Edwards-Anderson order parameter and of the normalized spontaneous polarization P. The random bond–random field Ising model parameters are J0=485?K, J=388?K, and ?/J2=0.14. The random-field contribution ??=?/J2 is here by two orders of magnitude larger than in the perovskite relaxor PbMg1/3Nb2/3O3 (PMN).

R. Blinc; A. Gregorovi?; B. Zalar; R. Pirc; J. Seliger; W. Kleemann; S. G. Lushnikov; R. Pankrath

2001-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

226

Nb-Pb superconducting RF-gun TESLA-FEL Report 2005-09  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nb-Pb superconducting RF-gun TESLA-FEL Report 2005-09 J. Sekutowicz, J. Iversen, G. Kreps, W Sand Hill Road, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA We report on the status of an electron RF-gun made of two superconducting RF-gun as it has been proposed by the BNL group. Measured values of quantum efficiency for lead

227

Coupled displacive and orderdisorder dynamics in LiNbO3 by molecular-dynamics simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

transition. We find that this phase transition is a two-stage process involving a displacive transition, in the paraelectric phase each Nb ion sits at the center of a cage of six oxygen ions; in the ferroelectric structure phase the Li ions are actually displaced from the oxygen plane. Due to electrostatic repulsion, the Li

Gopalan, Venkatraman

228

Danielle Shorts1, RL Hale1, S Earl2, NB Grimm1, 2 Introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Danielle Shorts1, RL Hale1, S Earl2, NB Grimm1, 2 . Introduction Inputs of nitrogen (N) accumulate on a gas chromatograph. Soil moisture content and SOM data were ascertained using Loss-on-Ignition. Soil and provision of materials. I would also like to thank Rebecca Hale for all of her help in the Arizona heat

Hall, Sharon J.

229

Design and fabrication of a stress-managed Nb3Sn wind and react dipole  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new approach to high-field dipole design is being developed at Texas A&M University. The goal of the development is to facilitate the use of high-field conductors (Nb3 and Bi-2212) and to manage Lorentz stress and magnetization so that field...

Noyes, Patrick Daniel

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

230

Sodium Intercalation Behavior of Layered NaxNbS2 (0 x 1) Youhao Liao,,,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: P63/ mmc), was synthesized by a conventional solid-state reaction as an electrode material for a Na the rich chemistry and the state-of-the-art engineering developments of the lithium-ion battery, Texas 78712, United States *S Supporting Information ABSTRACT: A layered sulfide, Na0.5NbS2 (space group

Henkelman, Graeme

231

R and D of Nb(3)Sn accelerator magnets at Fermilab  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fermilab is developing and investigating different high-field magnet designs for present and future accelerators. The magnet R&D program was focused on the 10-12 T accelerator magnets based on Nb{sub 3}Sn superconductor and explored both basic magnet technologies for brittle superconductors--wind-and-react and react-and-wind. Magnet design studies in support of LHC upgrades and VLHC are being performed. A series of 1-m long single-bore models of cos-theta Nb{sub 3}Sn dipoles based on wind-and-react technique was fabricated and tested. Three 1-m long flat racetracks and the common coil dipole model, based on a single-layer coil and wide reacted Nb{sub 3}Sn cable, have also been fabricated and tested. Extensive theoretical studies of magnetic instabilities in Nb{sub 3}Sn strands, cable and magnet were performed which led to successful 10 T dipole model. This paper presents the details of the Fermilab's high field accelerator magnet program, reports its status and major results, and formulates the program next steps.

Zlobin, A.V.; Ambrosio, G.; Andreev, N.; Barzi, E; Bordini, B.; Bossert, R.; Carcagno, R.; Chichili, D.R.; DiMarco, J.; Elementi, L.; Feher, S.; Kashikhin, V.S.; Kashikhin, V.V.; Kephart, R.; Lamm, M.; Limon, P.J.; Novitski, I.; Orris, D.; Pischalnikov, Yu.; Schlabach, P.; Stanek, R.; /Fermilab; ,

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Stark broadening data for spectral lines of rare-earth elements: Nb III  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The electron-impact widths for 15 doubly charged Nb ion lines have been theoretically determined by using the modified semiempirical method. Using the obtained results, we considered the influence of the electron-impact mechanism on line shapes in spectra of chemically peculiar stars and white dwarfs.

Simi?, Zoran; Popovi?, Luka ?

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Phase stability and elastic properties of C15 compounds HfV{sub 2}+Nb  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ternary phase diagram of Hf-V-Nb system has been established and the C15 and C14 Laves phase regions located. The structural stability of the cubic Laves phase HfV{sub 2}+Nb was examined using heat capacity measurements and transmission electron microscopy. It is found that the binary C 15 has a martensitic transformation at 115K and that Nb addition can eliminate the martensitic transformation and stabilize the C15 structure. The elastic properties vs. temperature of the C15 HfV{sub 2}+Nb were studied using the resonant ultrasound technique. It is observed that the shear and Young`s moduli increase abnormally with increasing temperature, the bulk modulus is virtually constant, and the Poisson`s ratio is very high and decreases abnormally with increasing temperature. The elastic properties of the C15 compound can be qualitatively understood using the electronic structure obtained from ab initio calculations. The relation between the phase stability and anomalous elastic properties is discussed based on these results.

Chu, F.; Mitchell, T.E. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Pope, D.P. [Pennsylvania Univ., Philadelphia, PA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Transverse stress effect on the critical current of internal tin and bronze process Nb{sub 3}Sn superconductors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of transverse stress on the critical current density, J{sub c}, has been shown to be significant in bronze process Nb{sub 3}Sn, with the onset of significant degradation at about 50 Mpa. In an applied field of 10 T, the magnitude of the effect is about seven times larger for transverse stress than for axial tensile stress. In a subsequent study, similar results were observed in another bronze process Nb{sub 3}Sn conductor made by a different manufacturer. The mechanism accounting for the transverse stress effect and its large magnitude compared with the axial tensile effect is still the subject of speculation. In an attempt to better understand the nature of the effect, The authors have undertaken a series of experiments to determine whether the transverse stress effect depends on the grain morphology of the Nb{sub 3}Sn reaction layer in the superconductor. To do this, the authors have measured the effect in an internal tin conductor with excess tin, which yields a more equiaxed Nb{sub 3}Sn grain morphology than for bronze process Nb{sub 3}Sn, where the grains are more columnar. The results for the effect of transverse compression on the J{sub c} of a round bronze process Nb{sub 3}Sn wire are given. The data are probably applicable to a wide variety of Nb{sub 3}Sn conductors for magnet engineering.

Ekin, J.W.; Bray, S.L. [National Inst. of Standards and Technology, Boulder, CO (United States); Danielson, P.; Smathers, D. [Teledyne Wah Chang, Albany, OR (United States); Sabatini, R.L.; Suenaga, M. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)

1989-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

235

Laboratory analysis of soil hydraulic properties of TA-49 soil samples. Volume I: Report summary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Hydrologic Testing Laboratory at Daniel B. Stephens & Associates, Inc. (DBS&A) has completed laboratory tests on TA-49 soil samples as specified by Mr. Daniel A. James and summarized in Table 1. Tables 2 through 12 give the results of the specified analyses. Raw laboratory data and graphical plots of data (where appropriate) are contained in Appendices A through K. Appendix L lists the methods used in these analyses. A detailed description of each method is available upon request. Thermal properties were calculated using methods reviewed by Campbell and covered in more detail in Appendix K. Typically, soil thermal conductivities are determined using empirical fitting parameters (five in this case), Some assumptions are also made in the equations used to reduce the raw data. In addition to the requested thermal property measurements, calculated values are also presented as the best available internal check on data quality. For both thermal conductivities and specific heats, calculated and measured values are consistent and the functions often cross. Interestingly, measured thermal conductivities tend to be higher than calculated thermal conductivities around typically encountered in situ moisture contents ({plus_minus}5 percent). While we do not venture an explanation of the difference, sensitivity testing of any problem requiring nonisothermal modeling across this range is in order.

NONE

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Progress in Studies of Electron-Cloud-Induced Optics Distortions at CesrTA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Cornell Electron Storage Ring Test Accelerator (CesrTA) program has included extensive measurements of coherent betatron tune shifts for a variety of electron and positron beam energies, bunch population levels, and bunch train configurations. The tune shifts have been shown to result primarily from the interaction of the beam with the space-charge field of the beam-induced low-energy electron cloud in the vacuum chamber. Comparison to several advanced electron cloud simulation codes has allowed determination of the sensitivity of these measurements to physical parameters characterizing the synchrotron radiation flux, the production of photo-electrons on the vacuum chamber wall, the beam emittance, lattice optics, and the secondary-electron yield model. We report on progress in understanding the cloud buildup and decay mechanisms in magnetic fields and in field-free regions, addressing quantitatively the precise determination of the physical parameters of the modeling. Validation of these models will serve as essential input in the design of damping rings for future high-energy linear colliders.

Crittenden, James; /Cornell U., CLASSE; Calvey, Joseph; /Cornell U., CLASSE; Dugan, Gerald; /Cornell U., CLASSE; Kreinick, David; /Cornell U., CLASSE; Leong, Zhidong; /Cornell U., CLASSE; Livezey, Jesse; /Cornell U., CLASSE; Palmer, Mark; /Cornell U., CLASSE; Rubin, David; /Cornell U., CLASSE; Sagan, David; /Cornell U., CLASSE; Furman, Miguel; /LBL, Berkeley; Penn, Gregory; /LBL, Berkeley; Venturini, Marco; /LBL, Berkeley; Harkay, Katherine; /Argonne; Holtzapple, Robert; /Cal. Poly.; Pivi, Mauro; /SLAC; Wang, Lanfa; /SLAC

2012-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

237

Study of possible systematics in the L*X - Ta* correlation of Gamma Ray Bursts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gamma Ray Bursts (GRBs) are the most energetic sources in the universe and among the farthest known astrophysical sources. These features make them appealing candidates as standard candles for cosmological applications so that studying the physical mechanisms for the origin of the emission and correlations among their observable properties is an interesting task. We consider here the luminosity L*X - break time Ta* (hereafter LT) correlation and investigate whether there are systematics induced by selection effects or redshift dependent calibra- tion. We perform this analysis both for the full sample of 77 GRBs with known redshift and for the subsample of GRBs having canonical X-ray light curves, hereafter called U0095 sample. We do not find any systematic bias thus con- firming the existence of physical GRB subclasses revealed by tight correlations of their afterglow properties. Furthermore, we study the possibility of applying the LT correlation as a redshift estimator both for the full distribution and for the canonical lightcurves. The large uncertainties and the non negligible intrin- sic scatter make the results not so encouraging, but there are nevertheless some hints motivating a further analysis with an increased U0095 sample.

M. G. Dainotti; V. F. Cardone; S. Capozziello; M. Ostrowski; R. Willingale

2011-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

238

New Results on e+e- Line Emission in U+Ta Collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present new results obtained from a series of follow-up e+e- coincidence measurements in heavy-ion collisions, utilizing an improved experimental set-up at the double-Orange beta-spectrometer of GSI. The collision system U+Ta was reinvestigated in three independent runs at beam energies in the range (6.0-6.4)xA MeV and different target thicknesses, with the objective to reproduce a narrow sum-energy e+e- line at ~635 keV observed previously in this collision system. At improved statistical accuracy, the line could not be found in these new data. For the ''fission'' scenario, an upper limit (1 sigma) on its production probability per collision of 1.3x10^{-8} can be set which has to be compared to the previously reported value of [4.9 +- 0.8 (stat.) +- 1.0 (syst)]x10^{-7}. In the light of the new results, a reanalysis of the old data shows that the continuous part of the spectrum at the line position is significantly higher than previously assumed, thus reducing the production probability of the line by a factor of two and its statistical significance to < 3.4sigma.

The Orange Collaboration; U. Leinberger; E. Berdermann; F. Heine; S. Heinz; O. Joeres; P. Kienle; I. Koenig; W. Koenig; C. Kozhuharov; M. Rhein; A. Schroeter; H. Tsertos

1996-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

239

A Quasicontinuum Study of Nanovoid Collapse under Uniaxial Loading in Ta  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The mechanisms underlying the deformation of nanovoids in Ta single crystals are analyzed when they are subjected to cyclic uniaxial deformation using numerical simulations. Boundary and cell-size effects have been mitigated by means of the Quasicontinuum (QC) method. We have considered {approx} 1 billion-atom systems containing 10.9 nm voids. Two kinds of simulations have been performed, each characterized by a different boundary condition. First, we compress the material along the nominal [0 0 1] direction, resulting in a highly symmetric configuration that results in high stresses. Second, we load the material along the high-index [{bar 4}819] direction to confine plasticity to a single slip system and break the symmetry. We find that the plastic response under these two conditions is strikingly different, the former governed by dislocation loop emission and dipole formation, while the latter is dominated by twinning. We calculate the irreversible plastic work budget derived from a loading-unloading cycle and identify the most relevant yield points. These calculations represent the first fully three-dimensional, fully non-local simulations of any body-centered cubic metal using QC.

Marian, J; Knap, J; Campbell, G

2007-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

240

Fabrication of multifilamentary Nb/sub 3/(Al,Ge) wires through a modified jelly roll process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recently, development of Nb/sub 3/Al multifilamentary wires has gained much interests since high-field performance superior to that of Nb/sub 3/Sn can be expected in these wires. In this study, Nb/Al-Ge alloy composites were fabricated into multifilamentary wires through a modified jelly roll (MJR) process. A Nb mesh sheet produced at the Teledyne Wah Chang Co. was used as Nb component. An Al-Ge alloy prepared by a conventional casting process was forged and rolled into a sheet of 0.2 mm in thickness. The Nb/Al-Ge composite was prepared by wrapping the Nb mesh sheet together with the Al-Ge alloy sheet around a Nb core into a jelly roll form. The MJR composite was encased in a Cu-Ni alloy tube of which outer diameter was 43 mm. The resulting composite was hydrostatically pressed and extruded into a rod of 18 mm in diameter. A Nb barrier was then inserted between the MJR and the Cu-Ni jacket. The composite rod was swaged and drawn into a wire without any intermediate annealing. The wire was able to be drawn down to a very small diameter of 0.1 mm. The cross-sectional configuration of the MJR composite was not much disturbed by the fabrication. Superconducting transition temperature Tc of the wire, after different heat treatment including a rapid quenching from high temperatures by a continuous electron beam irradiation, was studied, and an onset Tc of 19.3K has been achieved.

Tachikawa, K.; Kamisada, Y.; Suzuki, E.

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nb ta db" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

CERTIFICATION DOCKET FOR THE F0RhqE.R SITE OF THE RADIOACTIVE LIQUID WASTE TREATMENT PLANT (TA-45)  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

CERTIFICATION DOCKET CERTIFICATION DOCKET FOR THE F0RhqE.R SITE OF THE RADIOACTIVE LIQUID WASTE TREATMENT PLANT (TA-45) AND THE EFFLUENT RECEIVING AREAS OF ACID, PUEBLO, AND LOS ALAMOS CANYOM, LOS ALAMOS, NEW MEXICO DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Office of Nuclear Energy Office of Terminal Waste Disposal and Remedial Action Division of Remedial Action Projects -. CONTENTS A Page - Introduction to the Certification Docket for the Former Site of the Radioactive Liquid Waste Treatment Plant (TA-45) and the Effluent Receiving Areas of Acid, Pueblo, and Los Alamos Canyons, Los Alamos, New Mexico Description of the Formeriy Utilized Sites Program at the Former Site of the T.4-45 Treatment Plant and Acid, Pueblo, and Los Alamos Canyons Purpose Property Identification Docket Contents

242

NEPA REVIE\ry LASO-10-001 CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION FUELS RESEARCH LAB AT TA-35.455  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

REVIE\ry REVIE\ry LASO-10-001 CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION FUELS RESEARCH LAB AT TA-35.455 I. DESCRIPTION OF PROPOSED ACTION: Los Alamos National Laboratory proposes to modify an existing laboratory for a Fuels Research Lab (455-FRL). The laboratory would be used to fabricate and characterize fuel pellets. The proposed activities would take place at the former location of the Polymers & Coating Lab (PCL) located at TA-35, Building 455, in room 104. Authorization would need to be obtained for the processing of radioactive materials in this location. The current laboratory configuration of chilled water supply and return, gas, compressed air, and vacuum supply, electrical supply, HEPA filtration, and ventilation would be assessed and modified to suit 455- TPCL facility needs. Analytical and process equipment would be required for this facility. Glovebox

243

Multi-quasiparticle structures up to spin $\\sim{44}\\hbar$ in the odd-odd nucleus $^{168}$Ta  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High-spin states in the odd-odd nucleus $^{168}$Ta have been populated in the $^{120}$Sn($^{51}$V,3n) reaction. Two multi-quasiparticle structures have been extended significantly from spin $\\sim{20\\hbar}$ to above ${40\\hbar}$. As a result, the first rotational alignment has been fully delineated and a second band crossing has been observed for the first time in this nucleus. Configurations for these strongly-coupled rotational bands are proposed based on signature splitting, $B(M1)/B(E2)$ ratio information, and observed rotation-alignment behavior. Properties of the observed bands in $^{168}$Ta are compared to related structures in the neighboring odd-$Z$, odd-$N$, and odd-odd nuclei and are discussed within the framework of the cranked shell model.

X. Wang; D. J. Hartley; M. A. Riley; L. L. Riedinger; A. Aguilar; M. P. Carpenter; C. J. Chiara; P. Chowdhury; I. Darby; U. Garg; Q. Ijaz; R. V. F. Janssens; F. G. Kondev; S. Lakshmi; T. Lauritsen; W. C. Ma; E. A. McCutchan; S. Mukhopadhyay; E. P. Seyfried; I. Stefanescu; S. K. Tandel; U. S. Tandel; C. Teal; J. R. Vanhoy; S. Zhu

2010-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

244

The effect of Ta doping in polycrystalline TiO{sub x} and the associated thin film transistor properties  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tantalum (Ta) is suggested to act as an electron donor and crystal phase stabilizer in titanium oxide (TiO{sub x}). A transition occurs from an amorphous state to a crystalline phase at an annealing temperature above 300?°C in a vacuum ambient. As the annealing temperature increases from 300?°C to 450?°C, the mobility increases drastically from 0.07 cm{sup 2}/Vs to 0.61 cm{sup 2}/Vs. The remarkable enhancement of thin film transistor performance is suggested to be due to the splitting of Ti 3d band orbitals as well as the increase in Ta{sup 5+} ions that can act as electron donors.

Ok, Kyung-Chul, E-mail: kchul2926@naver.com; Park, Yoseb, E-mail: jozeph.park@gmail.com; Park, Jin-Seong, E-mail: kbchung@dankook.ac.kr, E-mail: jsparklime@hanyang.ac.kr [Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Hanyang University, 222 Wangsimni-ro, Seongdong-gu, Seoul 133-791 (Korea, Republic of)] [Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Hanyang University, 222 Wangsimni-ro, Seongdong-gu, Seoul 133-791 (Korea, Republic of); Chung, Kwun-Bum, E-mail: kbchung@dankook.ac.kr, E-mail: jsparklime@hanyang.ac.kr [Department of Physics, Dankook University, 119 Dandae-ro, Dongnam-gu, Cheonan 330-714 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Physics, Dankook University, 119 Dandae-ro, Dongnam-gu, Cheonan 330-714 (Korea, Republic of)

2013-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

245

Total fission cross section of {sup 181}Ta and {sup 208}Pb induced by protons at relativistic energies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Total fission cross section induced by protons in {sup 181}Ta and {sup 208}Pb at energies in the range of 300 to 1000 A MeV have been measured at GSI (Germany) using the inverse kinematics technique. A dedicated setup with high efficiency made it possible to determine these cross sections with high accuracy. The new data seed light in the controversial results obtained so far and contribute to the understanding of the fission process at high excitation energies. (authors)

Ayyad, Y.; Benlliure, J.; Casarejos, E. [Group GENP, Dpto. Fisica de Particulas, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, 15782 Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Schmidt, K. H. [GSI, Planckstrasse 1, 64941, Darmstadt (Germany); Jurado, B. [Universite Bordeaux I, CNRS/IN2 P3, CENBG, BP 120, F-33175 Gradignan (France); Kelic-Heil, A. [GSI, Planckstrasse 1, 64941, Darmstadt (Germany); Pol, H. A. [Group GENP, Dpto. Fisica de Particulas, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, 15782 Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Ricciardi, M. V.; Pleskac, R. [GSI, Planckstrasse 1, 64941, Darmstadt (Germany); Enqvist, T. [CUPP Project, P.O. Box 22, FI-86801, Pyhsalmi (Finland); Rejmund, F. [Grand Accelerateur National D Ions Lourds, BP 55027, F-14076 Caen Cedex 05 (France); Giot, L. [Subatech - Ecole des Mines de Nantes (France); Henzl, V. [Massachusetts Inst. of Technology, 77, Massachusetts Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States); Lukic, S. [Karlsruhe Inst. of Technology, D-76021 Karlsruhe (Germany); Ngoc, S. N. [Dept. of Nuclear Physics, Inst. of Physics, National Centre for Natural Science and Technology, NgiaDo-TuLiem, Hanoi (Viet Nam); Boudard, A. [DSM/IRFU/CEA, 91191 Gif-sur-Ivette (France); Universite Louis Pasteur, Strasbourg (France); Leray, S. [DSM/IRFU/CEA, 91191 Gif-sur-Ivette (France); Fernandez, M. [Entro de Investigaciones Energticas Medioambientales Y Tecnolgicas, Madrid (Spain); Kurtukian, T. [Universite Bordeaux I, CNRS/IN2 P3, CENBG, BP 120, F-33175 Gradignan (France); Nadtochy, P. [Omsk State Univ., Dept. of Theoretical Physics, RU-644077 Omsk (Russian Federation); Schmitt, C. [Grand Accelerateur National D'Ions Lourds, BP 55027, F-14076 Caen Cedex 05 (France); Henzlova, D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Safeguards Science and Technology Group N-1, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States); Paradela, C. [Group GENP, Dpto. Fisica de Particulas, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, 15782 Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Bacquias, A. [DSM/IRFU/CEA, 91191 Gif-sur-Ivette (France); Universite Louis Pasteur, Strasbourg (France); Loureiro, D. P. [Group GENP, Dpto. Fisica de Particulas, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, 15782 Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Foehr, V. [GSI, Planckstrasse 1, 64941, Darmstadt (Germany); Tarrio, D. [Group GENP, Dpto. Fisica de Particulas, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, 15782 Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Kezzar, K. [DSM/IRFU/CEA, 91191 Gif-sur-Ivette (France)

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Ab initio density functional studies of stepped TaC surfaces V. B. Shenoy and C. V. Ciobanu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RevB.67.081402 PACS number s : 68.35.Bs, 68.35.Md, 73.20.At The stepped surfaces of transition-metal carbides TiC, TaC, etc. are technologically important due to their applica- tions as surface catalysts as they provide a rich ground for studying faceting transitions that involve single- and multiple-height steps

Ciobanu, Cristian

247

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C4, supplkment au no 10, Tome 37, Octobre 1976, page C4-109 TRANSITION DE PHASE DANS LES COMPOSES CuS2 ET CuSe2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, analogues A celles observees dans les dichalcog6nures lamellaires C21 (NbSe2, TaSz, TaSez), a l'existence d

Boyer, Edmond

248

Quasifission and difference in formation of evaporation residues in the $^{16}$O+$^{184}$W and $^{19}$F+$^{181}$Ta reactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The excitation functions of capture, complete fusion, and evaporation residue formation in the $^{16}$O+$^{184}$W and $^{19}$F+$^{181}$Ta reactions leading to the same $^{200}$Pb compound nucleus has been studied theoretically to explain the experimental data showing more intense yield of evaporation residue in the former reaction in comparison with that in the latter reaction. The observed difference is explained by large capture cross section in the former and by increase of the quasifission contribution to the yield of fission-like fragments in the $^{19}$F+$^{181}$Ta reaction at large excitation energies. The probability of compound nucleus formation in the $^{16}$O+$^{184}$W reaction is larger but compound nuclei formed in both reactions have similar angular momentum ranges at the same excitation energy. The observed decrease of evaporation residue cross section normalized to the fusion cross section in the $^{19}$F+$^{181}$Ta reaction in comparison with the one in the $^{16}$O+$^{184}$W reaction at high excitation energies is explained by the increase of hindrance in the formation of compound nucleus connected with more quick increase of the quasifission contribution in the $^{19}$F induced reaction. The spin distributions of the evaporation residue cross sections for the two reactions are also presented.

A. K. Nasirov; G. Mandaglio; M. Manganaro; A. I. Muminov; G. Fazio; G. Giardina

2009-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

249

Infrared optical properties of amorphous and nanocrystalline Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5} thin films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The optical constants of tantalum pentoxide (Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5}) are determined in a broad spectral region from the visible to the far infrared. Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5} films of various thicknesses from approximately 170 to 1600 nm are deposited using reactive magnetron sputtering on Si substrates. X-ray diffraction shows that the as-deposited films are amorphous, and annealing in air at 800 °C results in the formation of nanocrystalline Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5}. Ellipsometry is used to obtain the dispersion in the visible and near-infrared. Two Fourier-transform infrared spectrometers are used to measure the transmittance and reflectance at wavelengths from 1 to 1000 ?m. The surface topography and microstructure of the samples are examined using atomic force microscopy, confocal microscopy, and scanning electron microscopy. Classical Lorentz oscillators are employed to model the absorption bands due to phonons and impurities. A simple model is introduced to account for light scattering in the annealed films, which contain micro-cracks. For the unannealed samples, an effective-medium approximation is used to take into account the adsorbed moisture in the film and a Drude free-electron term is also added to model the broad background absorption.

Bright, T. J.; Watjen, J. I.; Zhang, Z. M. [George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332 (United States)] [George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332 (United States); Muratore, C. [Nanoelectronic Materials Branch, Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright Patterson AFB, Ohio 45433 (United States) [Nanoelectronic Materials Branch, Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright Patterson AFB, Ohio 45433 (United States); Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Dayton, Dayton, Ohio 45469 (United States); Voevodin, A. A. [Nanoelectronic Materials Branch, Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright Patterson AFB, Ohio 45433 (United States)] [Nanoelectronic Materials Branch, Materials and Manufacturing Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright Patterson AFB, Ohio 45433 (United States); Koukis, D. I.; Tanner, D. B. [Department of Physics, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States)] [Department of Physics, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States); Arenas, D. J. [Department of Physics, University of North Florida, Jacksonville, Florida 32254 (United States)] [Department of Physics, University of North Florida, Jacksonville, Florida 32254 (United States)

2013-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

250

Low-temperature oriented growth of vanadium dioxide films on CoCrTa metal template on Si and vertical metal-insulator transition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors achieved oriented growth of vanadium dioxide (VO{sub 2}) films on CoCrTa metal template grown on an Si substrate. Low-temperature ({approx}250 Degree-Sign C) deposition of VO{sub 2} films using inductively coupled-plasma-assisted sputtering technique realized an abrupt interface between VO{sub 2} and CoCrTa layers, suppressing the oxidation and diffusion of metal components. The films revealed a metal-insulator transition with resistance change of over 2 orders of magnitude. The CoCrTa film, in which Co hexagonal crystalline grains with c-axis orientation were surrounded by segregated Cr and Ta, serves for the oriented growth of VO{sub 2} crystalline film, enabling higher orders of transition in resistance and low voltage switching, even for the vertical (out-of-plane) direction.

Okimura, Kunio; Mian, Md.Suruz [School of Engineering, Tokai University, 4-1-1 Kitakaname, Hiratsuka, Kanagawa 259-1292 (Japan)

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

251

Cavity R&D Meeting, 2.12.02 Qualittskontrolle und Lieferungen von Nb fr neue 30  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

close to the SQUID cancels the excitation field at the SQUID. Photograph of SQUID- based NDE system used is developed Photograph of Nb dc SQUID employed in the NDE system #12;Surface topography of a niobium sheet

252

Development of Superconducting Materials for Use in Magnet Applications: Nb3Sn Flux Pinning and Bi-2212 Magnetic Texturing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DEVELOPMENT OF SUPERCONDUCTING MATERIALS FOR USE IN MAGNET APLICATIONS: Nb3Sn FLUX PINING AND Bi-212 MAGNETIC TEXTURING Major: Physics April 2010 Submitted to the Office of Undergraduate Research Texas A&M University... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the designation as UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH SCHOLAR A Senior Scholars Thesis by DAVID GABRIEL RAHMANI DEVELOPMENT OF SUPERCONDUCTING MATERIALS FOR USE IN MAGNET APLICATIONS: Nb3Sn FLUX...

Rahmani, David G.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

253

Microsoft PowerPoint - Computational Studies of Physical Properties of Nb-Si_Ouyang  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Studies of Mechanical Studies of Mechanical Properties of Nb-Si Based Alloys DOE Grant # DE-FE-0003798 Lizhi Ouyang (PI) Tennessee State University Pittsburgh, PA June 11, 2013 Goal Develop a software package to facilitate the first principles calculations of physical properties of crystals and solid solutions commonly found in alloys. Compute thermodynamic and mechanical properties of various phases found in the Nb-Si-Cr-X alloy systems. Methods: G(P, T) package  First principles calculations based on DFT (VASP)  Born-Oppenheimer approximation  Harmonic model for vibrational free energy  Quasi-harmonic approximation for first order anharmonicity  Berry phase approach for polarization  RPA for optical properties  Helmholtz free energy F({a},T)

254

Hall Effect, Resistivity, and Magnetoresistivity of Th, U, Zr, Ti, and Nb  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Hall effect, resistivity, and magnetoresistivity of Th, U, Zr, Ti, and Nb have been studied at temperatures between ?1°K and room temperature and in magnetic fields up to 30 kilogauss. Strong temperature and purity dependences were observed in the Hall coefficients of U, Ti, and Zr. In addition, the Hall coefficient of Zr was strongly dependent upon magnetic field strength at liquid helium temperatures. Comparisons with theory have been carried out, and it is concluded that existing theories are not sufficiently general to account quantitatively for the observed temperature and magnetic field dependences of the Hall effect and resistivity. Unusual behavior was observed in the magnetic-field-induced superconducting transition of Nb.

Ted G. Berlincourt

1959-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

255

Critical current and instability threshold measurement of Nb3Sn cables for high field accelerator magnets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Rutherford-type cables made of high critical current Nb{sub 3}Sn strands are being used in several laboratories for developing new generation superconducting magnets for present and future accelerators and upgrades. Testing of cable short samples is an important part of these R&D programs and the instability problem found in some short model magnets at Fermilab made these tests even more significant. Fermilab in collaboration with BNL, CERN and LBNL has developed sample holders and sample preparation infrastructure and procedures for testing Nb{sub 3}Sn cable short samples at BNL and CERN test facilities. This paper describes the sample holders, sample preparation and instrumentation, and test results. Several samples made of MJR or PIT strands 1 mm in diameter have been tested. Some samples were unstable (i.e. quenched at low transport currents) at low fields and reached the critical surface at higher fields.

Ambrosio, G.; Andreev, N.; /Fermilab; Bartlett, S.E.; /LBL, Berkeley; Barzi, E.; /Fermilab; Denarie, C.-H.; /CERN; Dietderich, D.; /LBL, Berkeley; Ghosh, A.K.; /Brookhaven; Verweij, A.P.; /CERN; Zlobin, A.V.; /Fermilab

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Electrochemical Conversion of Oxide Precursors to Consolidated Zr and Zr?2.5Nb Tubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electrochemical Conversion of Oxide Precursors to Consolidated Zr and Zr?2.5Nb ... Electrochemical reduction of tubular oxide precursors in molten calcium chloride and the subsequent in situ consolidation induced by electro-deoxygenation promise a low energy and fast route for manufacturing of zirconium-alloy-based artifacts, such as the nuclear fuel cladding tubes. ... Zircaloy) in a mold of Plaster of Paris. ...

Junjun Peng; Kai Jiang; Wei Xiao; Dihua Wang; Xianbo Jin; George Z. Chen

2008-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

257

Studies of Optical Damage in Photorefractive Single LiNbO3 Crystals using Imaging Polarimetry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The optical damage of photorefractive material, single LiNbO3 crystal, is experimentally studied. The specimen has been illuminated with the radiation of continuous Ar-laser (the wavelength of 488 nm) focused to 35?m spot. The induced birefringence map is obtained by means of imaging polarimeter. Promising resources of the experimental setup for detecting laser-induced damage in photorefractive materials is demonstrated.

Krupych, O; Vlokh, R

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

First identification of a collective band in the odd-odd Nb104 nucleus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The higher spin levels in neutron-rich Nb104 have been investigated from a study of the prompt ? rays in spontaneous fission of Cf252 with the Gammasphere detector array. A new collective band has been identified for the first time. This band is proposed as a semidecoupled band based on the configuration ?5/2-[303]??1/2-[541]. The other structural characteristics are discussed.

J. G. Wang (???); S. J. Zhu (???); J. H. Hamilton; A. V. Ramayya; J. K. Hwang; K. Li; Y. X. Luo; J. O. Rasmussen; I. Y. Lee; H. B. Ding (???); Q. Xu (??); L. Gu (??); S. H. Liu; C. T. Goodin; W. C. Ma

2008-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

259

Measurements of magnetic screening lengths in superconducting Nb thin films by polarized neutron reflectometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Polarized neutron reflectivity measurements have been performed on two polycrystalline niobium films grown on silicon substrates. The samples were characterized with x-ray diffraction and reflection, electrical resistivity, and unpolarized neutron reflection measurements. For the film of 310 nm thickness, polarized neutron reflectivity measurements were carried out on both the Si side as well as the vacuum side, and we found that substantially higher quality data could be obtained from the Si side due to the enhanced contrast between the weak diamagnetic scattering and the nuclear scattering from the films. A large number of interference fringes from the waves reflected from the front and back surfaces of the film could be observed, attesting to the high quality and flatness of the sample. The vacuum-Nb interface had a surface roughness of ??3.4 nm, while the Nb-Si interface was nearly atomically smooth. We also carried out an experiment on a 300 nm-thick film of YBa2Cu3O7, but the roughness was so severe that no interference fringes could be observed, and reliable measurements of ? could not be obtained. The magnetic screening length for the Nb films was measured to be ?=110±2 nm for the sample with an electron mean free path l=10 nm, and ?=55±2 nm for the sample with l=35 nm. Taking into account the effects of crystalline defects and impurities, we obtain the intrinsic London penetration depth in superconducting Nb to be ?L=43±8 nm at T=4.5 K. This result is in good agreement with that of Felcher et al.

Huai Zhang; J. W. Lynn; C. F. Majkrzak; S. K. Satija; J. H. Kang; X. D. Wu

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Microstructural refinement and strengthening of Cu-4 Cr-2 Nb alloy by mechanical milling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lately, a variety of dispersion strengthened (DS) copper alloys that provide a good combination of thermal/electrical conductivity and mechanical strength have been developed. Strengthening is usually achieved by the introduction of a ceramic, refractory metal or intermetallic secondary phase. Cu-Cr-Nb is one such DS alloy in which strengthening is provided by Cr{sub 2}Nb intermetallic particles. Mechanical milling of as-atomized Cu-4 Cr-2 Nb alloy powders substantially increases the mechanical strength (hardness) of the starting material. This is achieved through a drastic grain size, as well as large precipitate size refinement. A more uniform precipitate distribution is also attained. Whether milling is performed with steel or WC vial and balls the hardness saturates at approximately 100 HRB after about 4 hr milling. However, this benefit of MM was offset by an equally severe decrease in electrical conductivity. This decrease is attributed to impurities/contamination from the milling media introduced into the milled powder, primarily, Fe and C, or, WC and Co.

Anderson, K.R.; Groza, J.R. [Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science] [Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science; Ulmer, D.G. [Rockwell International, Canoga Park, CA (United States). Rocketdyne Div.] [Rockwell International, Canoga Park, CA (United States). Rocketdyne Div.

1997-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nb ta db" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Development and Coil Fabrication for the LARP 3.7-m Long Nb3Sn Quadrupole  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. LHC Accelerator Research Program (LARP) has started the fabrication of 3.7-m long Nb{sub 3}Sn quadrupole models. The Long Quadrupoles (LQ) are 'Proof-of-Principle' magnets which are to demonstrate that Nb{sub 3}Sn technology is mature for use in high energy particle accelerators. Their design is based on the LARP Technological Quadrupole (TQ) models, developed at FNAL and LBNL, which have design gradients higher than 200 T/m and an aperture of 90 mm. The plans for the LQ R&D and a design update are presented and discussed in this paper. The challenges of fabricating long accelerator-quality Nb{sub 3}Sn coils are presented together with the solutions adopted for the LQ coils (based on the TQ experience). During the fabrication and inspection of practice coils some problems were found and corrected. The fabrication at BNL and FNAL of the set of coils for the first Long Quadrupole is in progress.

Ambrosio, G.; Andreev, N.; Anerella, M.; Barzi, E.; Bossert, R.; Caspi, S.; Chlachidize, G.; Dietderich, D.; Felice, H.; Ferracin, P.; Ghosh, A.; Hafalia, R.; Hannaford, R.; Jochen, G.; Kashikhin, V.V.; Kovach, P.; Lamm, M.; Lietzke, A.; McInturff, A.; Muratore,, J.; Nobreaga, F.; Novitsky, I.; Peggs, S.; Prestemon, S.; Sabbi, G. L.; Schmalzle, J.; Turrioni, D.; Wanderer, P.; Whitson, G.; Zlobin, A. V.

2008-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

262

Development and coil fabrication for the LARP 3.7-m long Nb3Sn quadruple  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. LHC Accelerator Research Program (LARP) has started the fabrication of 3.7-m long Nb{sub 3}Sn quadrupole models. The Long Quadrupoles (LQ) are 'Proof-of-Principle' magnets which are to demonstrate that Nb3Sn technology is mature for use in high energy particle accelerators. Their design is based on the LARP Technological Quadrupole (TQ) models, developed at FNAL and LBNL, which have design gradients higher than 200 T/m and an aperture of 90 mm. The plans for the LQ R&D and a design update are presented and discussed in this paper. The challenges of fabricating long accelerator-quality Nb{sub 3}Sn coils are presented together with the solutions adopted for the LQ coils (based on the TQ experience). During the fabrication and inspection of practice coils some problems were found and corrected. The fabrication at BNL and FNAL of the set of coils for the first Long Quadrupole is in progress.

Ambrosio, G.; Andreev, N.; Anerella, M.; Barzi, E.; Bossert, R.; Caspi, S.; Chlachidize, G.; Dietderich, D.; Felice, H.; Ferracin, P.; Ghosh, A.; /Fermilab /Brookhaven /LBL, Berkeley /Texas A-M

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Future prospects for Nb/sub 3/Sn and V/sub 3/Ga multifilamentary conductors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since the discovery of the bronze process for fabrication of multifilamentary Nb/sub 3/Sn and V/sub 3/Ga composite wires, significant progress has been made in the production of commercial-scale conductors with these compounds. However, improvements in the values of the critical-current density J/sub c//sup +/ (the matrix and the superconductors) of these wires are desired and appear possible for high-magnetic-field applications. In this section, an attempt is made to assess the value of the current density which could be achieved in the future in multifilamentary Nb/sub 3/Sn and V/sub 3/Ga at magnetic fields above 10 tesla. In order to do this, promising superconducting properties of experimental wires at high fields are summarized, and based on these values, achievable J/sub c//sup +/ in multifilamentary Nb/sub 3/Sn and V/sub 3/GA wires are estimated. In the process, some suggestions for approaches to improve J/sub c//sup +/ are discussed.

Suenaga, M.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

20130212 Parallel DB NUG Biz Meeting.pptx  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Yao, NUG 2013 Yao, NUG 2013 SciDB Testbed @ NERSC - Analyze Terabytes of Data with Ease Yushu Yao - 2 - Terabytes of Data Scientific Insight Quickly Converge on the right analysis and turn large dataset to scientific insight Analysis Refined/New Analysis I have Terabytes of data, I need an easy, fast, interactive way to filter, aggregate, ... - 3 - Yushu Yao Data is too big. Old way of sharing data over web is no longer efficient (if at all possible) - 4 - * Old way: - Data files are cataloged, catalogs are stored into a database; - Web user search through catalog and locate the data file; - Data file is downloaded for local analysis Search Criteria File Yushu Yao In the future, data will be shared by opening up customizable operations - 5 - Ask questions Yushu Yao

265

{delta}{sup 0} resonance production in peripheral 4.2A GeV C+Ta collisions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The production of {delta}{sup 0}(1232){yields}p{pi}{sup -} resonance is studied in peripheral C+Ta collisions at 4.2A GeV using the 2-m propane bubble chamber exposed at JINR Dubna Synchrophasotron. Using an invariant mass distribution of p{pi}{sup -} pairs and additional kinematical constrains, the mass, width, and kinematical characteristics of {delta}{sup 0} resonance are determined. The ratio of the number of pions originated from {delta}{sup 0} resonance decay to the number of all pions (resonant and nonresonant) is estimated. The analogous ratio for protons is also determined.

Simic, Lj.; Milosavljevic, M. Vranjes; Mendas, I.; Popovic, D. S. [Institute of Physics, University of Belgrade, P. O. Box 68, 11081 Belgrade (Serbia); Krpic, D. [Faculty of Physics, University of Belgrade, P. O. Box 368, 11001 Belgrade (Serbia)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

266

Safety, Pharmacokinetic, and Efficacy Studies of Oral DB868 in a First Stage Vervet Monkey Model of Human African Trypanosomiasis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-pyridyl]furan (DB868; CPD-007-10), in the vervet monkey model of first stage HAT. DB868 was well tolerated at a dose up to 30 mg/kg/day for 10 days, a cumulative dose of 300 mg/kg. Mean plasma levels of biomarkers indicative of liver injury (alanine...

Thutia, John K.; Wolf, Kristina K.; Murilla, Grace A.; Liu, Qiang; Mutuku, James N.; Chen, Yao; Bridges, Arlene S.; Mdachi, Raymond E.; Ismail, Mohamed A.; Ching, Shelley; Boykin, David W.; Hall, James E.; Tidwell, Richard R.; Paine, Mary F.; Burn, Reto; Wang, Michael Z.

2013-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

267

Data:91fb75ee-20db-42db-ac22-e1e4cbe32f15 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

20db-42db-ac22-e1e4cbe32f15 20db-42db-ac22-e1e4cbe32f15 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Edgecombe-Martin County E M C Effective date: 2006/08/01 End date if known: Rate name: SUBDIVISION STREET LIGHTING SCHEDULE HPS 100 W 5 Lots Sector: Lighting Description: 5 lots per light Type: HPS 100 W AVAILABILITY: Available in all territory served by the Cooperative, subject to the Cooperative's established Service Rules and Regulations. This is an experimental rate. Participation is limited to four developments during the first year trial period. APPLICABILITY: This schedule is applicable for lighting of residential streets within residential subdivisions. Applicability is limited to residential subdivisions consisting of single family dwellings where permanent electric facilities have been installed, located outside of the corporate limits of a city or town where installations are not prevented or regulated by any governmental unit having jurisdiction.

268

Data:23bc19a5-a508-4ca0-b7da-2d3c1db7db71 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

9a5-a508-4ca0-b7da-2d3c1db7db71 9a5-a508-4ca0-b7da-2d3c1db7db71 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Village of Belmont, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2005/01/21 End date if known: Rate name: Cp-1 Small Power Service Sector: Commercial Description: This rate will be applied to customers for all types of service if their monthly Maximum Measured Demand is in excess of 30 kilowatts per month but not to exceed 250kW for three or more months in a consecutive 12-month period, unless the customer exceeds the application conditions of the large Power time-of-Day schedule.

269

Data:6db2148d-bfe0-4db7-bc95-e02e3c5a7848 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

db2148d-bfe0-4db7-bc95-e02e3c5a7848 db2148d-bfe0-4db7-bc95-e02e3c5a7848 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Lincoln Electric System Effective date: 2011/05/23 End date if known: Rate name: General Service-Demand Primary Sector: Industrial Description: APPLICABLE: A Customer will receive service on this schedule if the Large Light and Power schedule is not applicable and if any of the following conditions are met: Energy usage is greater than 25,000 kWh per BILLING PERIOD for each of six consecutive BILLING PERIODS. The Customer's demand is greater than 100 kW in two summer BILLING PERIODS including the current BILLING PERIOD and all BILLING PERIODS in the preceding 11 months.

270

Data:F56db83d-b034-41af-a4da-a91d395f7fdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

db83d-b034-41af-a4da-a91d395f7fdf db83d-b034-41af-a4da-a91d395f7fdf No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Bon Homme Yankton El Assn, Inc Effective date: 2012/05/01 End date if known: Rate name: Interruptible Sector: Commercial Description: * Coincident demand is $ 17.80. Source or reference: Rate binder # 4(Illinios State University) Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous

271

Preferential growth orientation of laser-patterned LiNbO{sub 3} crystals in lithium niobium silicate glass  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dots and lines consisting of LiNbO{sub 3} crystals are patterned on the surface of 1CuO-40Li{sub 2}O-32Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5}-28SiO{sub 2} (mole ratio) glass by irradiations of continuous-wave Nd:YAG laser (wavelength: {lambda}=1064 nm), diode laser ({lambda}=795 nm), and Yb:YVO{sub 4} fiber laser ({lambda}=1080 nm), and the feature of laser-patterned LiNbO{sub 3} crystal growth is examined from linearly polarized micro-Raman scattering spectrum measurements. LiNbO{sub 3} crystals with the c-axis orientation are formed at the edge parts of the surface and cross-section of dots. The growth direction of an LiNbO{sub 3} along the laser scanning direction is the c-axis. It is proposed that the profile of the temperature distribution in the laser-irradiated region and its change along laser scanning would be one of the most important conditions for the patterning of crystals with a preferential growth orientation. Laser irradiation giving a narrow width is also proposed to be one of the important factors for the patterning of LiNbO{sub 3} crystal lines with homogeneous surface morphologies. -- Graphical abstract: Polarized optical microscope observations for the surface and cross-section of the dot obtained by LD laser ({lambda}=795 nm) irradiations of P=1.4 W and t=20 s in Cu-LNS glass. Schematic model for the orientation of LiNbO{sub 3} crystals at the edge parts of the surface and cross-section of the dot is also shown. Display Omitted Research highlights: > Dots and lines with LiNbO{sub 3} crystals are patterned on the glass surface by laser irradiations. > LiNbO{sub 3} crystals with the c-axis orientation are formed at the edge parts of the surface and cross-section of dots. > The profile of the temperature distribution in the laser-irradiated region is one of the most important conditions for the patterning of highly oriented crystals.

Komatsu, T., E-mail: komatsu@mst.nagaokaut.ac.j [Department of Materials Science and Technology, Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1 Kamitomioka-cho, Nagaoka 940-2188 (Japan); Koshiba, K.; Honma, T. [Department of Materials Science and Technology, Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1 Kamitomioka-cho, Nagaoka 940-2188 (Japan)

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

272

Nucleation and growth of the first phase in sputter-deposited Nb/Al multilayer thin films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The formation of the first phase in the reaction of sputter-deposited Nb/Al multilayer thin films has been studied by power-compensated and heat-flux differential scanning calorimetry, x-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. The modulation periods of the films are in the range of 10--500 nm. Both types of calorimetric measurements, performed at a constant heating rate, show the presence of two peaks (A and B) for the formation of the single product phase, NbAl{sub 3}. Isothermal calorimetric scans show that peak A is associated with a nucleation and growth type transformation. The formation of NbAl{sub 3} is thus interpreted as a two-stage process of nucleation and lateral growth to coalescence (peak A) followed by normal growth until the consumption of one or both reactants (peak B). Transmission electron microscopy investigations of samples annealed into the first stage of NbAl{sub 3} formation show the presence of this phase at the Nb/Al interface and its preferential growth along the grain boundaries of the Al layer. The latter highlights the role of reactant phase grain structure in product phase formation.

Barmak, K.; Vivekanand, S.; Ma, F. [Lehigh Univ., Bethlehem, PA (United States). Dept. of Materials and Engineering; Michaelsen, C. [GKSS Research Center, Geesthacht (Germany). Inst. of Materials Research

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

273

Site occupancy and cation binding states in reduced polycrystalline Sr{sub x}Ba{sub 1?x}Nb{sub 2}O{sub 6}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Site occupancy and cation binding states in the proposed thermoelectric n-type oxide Sr{sub x}Ba{sub 1?x}Nb{sub 2}O{sub 6} (SBN100x) were investigated using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Sr 3d XPS spectra from unreduced polycrystalline SBN100x with various compositions contained two distinct spin-orbit doublets corresponding to Sr occupying either A1 or A2 positions in the SBN lattice; the higher binding energy state was associated with Sr ions at A2 sites, presumably due to their increased coordination over Sr at A1 sites. To gain insight into optimizing the thermoelectric properties of reduced SBN, sintered SBN50 specimens were reduced in Ar/H{sub 2} or N{sub 2}/H{sub 2} ambient. A decrease in the average Nb valence was observed in Nb 3d photoemission through the growth of low-binding energy components after reduction in either environment; evidence of surface NbN formation was apparent with longer reducing times in N{sub 2}/H{sub 2}. Both the single-component Ba 3d emission and the A2 component of the Sr 3d spectra show shifting to lower binding energy as the reduction time is increased, supporting the hypothesis of preferential oxygen vacancy formation adjacent to A2 sites. X-ray diffraction patterns revealed the formation of NbO{sub 2} in both reducing environments; in the case of extended reduction in N{sub 2}/H{sub 2}, NbO{sub 2} is gradually converted to NbN phases. Given the known properties of metallic NbN and semiconducting NbO{sub 2}, the findings obtained here may be used to maximize the thermoelectric performance of SBN via the fabrication of composite structures containing both NbO{sub 2} and NbN.

Dandeneau, Christopher S., E-mail: dandec@u.washington.edu; Yang, YiHsun; Ohuchi, Fumio S. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)] [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States); Krueger, Benjamin W.; Olmstead, Marjorie A. [Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)] [Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States); Bordia, Rajendra K. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina 29634 (United States)] [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina 29634 (United States)

2014-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

274

Crystallization of tungstenbronze-type Ba{sub 2}NaNb{sub 5}O{sub 15} in high-Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5}-content glass: An inelastic light scattering study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In situ observations of phonon Raman and Boson scattering were performed in high-Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5}-content barium-sodium aluminophosphate glass, which crystallizes tungstenbronze-type Ba{sub 2}NaNb{sub 5}O{sub 15} (BNN), during heating and subsequent cooling processes in order to examine the BNN crystallization dynamics and phase transitions. It is suggested that NbO{sub 6} clusters/cohesive regions are present and are subjected to stress by the surrounding aluminophosphate network prior to crystallization of the BNN phase. Furthermore, in the cooling period, a successive phase transition (4/mmm{yields}4mm{yields}mm2) of the BNN phase was observed in the glass-ceramics, implying the possibility of producing functional glass-ceramics with ferroelastic properties.

Takahashi, Yoshihiro; Fujie, Nobuhiro; Ihara, Rie; Fujiwara, Takumi [Department of Applied Physics, Tohoku University, 6-6-05 Aoba, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8579 (Japan); Osada, Minoru [International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics, National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan); Masai, Hirokazu [Division of Materials Chemistry, Institute for Chemical Research, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011 (Japan)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

275

Magnetoelectric effect induced by the delocalized 93mNb state  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report a temperature- and density-dependent decay of the 93mNb nuclear excitation and give a minimal interpretation on the underlying physics. This anomaly indicated nuclear resonant absorption as well as delocalization of the long-lived Moessbauer state in the crystal. A nonlinear magnetoelectric response, on low-frequency drive current, showed up in the bulk metal of a high-purity niobium crystal and then disappeared with vanishing benchmarks of delocalized nuclear excitation. Several nonlinear resonant peaks, on the order of several hundreds of Hz, grew up with the applied magnetic field. The central frequencies of these peaks decreased with temperature.

Yao Cheng; Yuan-Long Liu; Chi-Hao Lee; Ben-Li Young

2012-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

276

A TEM study of inverse melting in Nb{sub 45}Cr{sub 55}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Inverse melting of bcc Nb{sub 45}Cr{sub 55} is investigated using transmission electron microscopy, high-resolution TEM and electron diffraction. It is shown that the transformation to the amorphous phase initiates at the bcc grain boundaries. The transformation results in an increase in incoherence, evidenced by a loss of bend contours. Some anisotropy is found in the amorphous phase produced by inverse melting, which is associated in HRTEM with preferentially oriented but discontinuous and distorted fringes. The results are consistent with the production of an amorphous phase by inverse melting.

Sinkler, W.; Michaelsen, C.; Bormann, R. [GKSS Forschungszentrum, Geesthacht (Germany). Inst. for Materials Research

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

277

Deformation Mechanisms in Tube Billets from Zr-1%Nb Alloy under Radial Forging  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Features of the deformation process by cold radial forging of tube billets from Zr-1%Nb alloy were reconstructed on the basis of X-ray data concerning their structure and texture. The cold radial forging intensifies grain fragmentation in the bulk of billet and increases significantly the latent hardening of potentially active slip systems, so that operation only of the single slip system becomes possible. As a result, in radially-forged billets unusual deformation and recrystallization textures arise. These textures differ from usual textures of {alpha}-Zr by the mutual inversion of crystallographic axes, aligned along the axis of tube.

Perlovich, Yuriy; Isaenkova, Margarita; Fesenko, Vladimir; Krymskaya, Olga [National Research Nuclear University 'Moscow Engineering Physics Institute', Kashirskoe shosse, 31, Moscow, 115409 (Russian Federation); Zavodchikov, Alexander [Perm Research Technological Institute, Hasan Heroes street, 41, Perm, 614990 (Russian Federation)

2011-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

278

Methods of Improving Internal-TIN Nb{sub 3}Sn for Fusion Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Development of a more reliable and economical high field material for ITER and TPX as well as LDK and KSTAR programs. The overall objective of this work is to provide the TPX/ITER programs and similar projects with an improved, reliable and economical high field Nb{sub 3}Sn multifilamentary conductor strand made by the internal-tin process. An effort will also be made to determine the reasons for the property changes taking place after various heat treatment cycles in an effort to develop optimized heat treatments for the various applications.

Pyon, T; Gregory, E.

2002-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

279

A Computer-Based Atlas of Global Instrumental Climate Data (DB-1003)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A Computer-Based Atlas of Global Instrumental Climate Data (DB-1003) A Computer-Based Atlas of Global Instrumental Climate Data (DB-1003) DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/cli.db1003 data Data Investigators R. S. Bradley, L. G. Ahern, and F. T. Keimig Color-shaded and contoured images of global, gridded instrumental data have been produced as a computer-based atlas. Each image simultaneously depicts anomaly maps of surface temperature, sea-level pressure, 500-mbar geopotential heights, and percentages of reference-period precipitation. Monthly, seasonal, and annual composites are available in either cylindrical equidistant or northern and southern hemisphere polar projections. Temperature maps are available from 1854 to 1991, precipitation from 1851 to 1989, sea-level pressure from 1899 to 1991, and 500-mbar heights from 1946 to 1991. The source of data for the temperature

280

Simulation of Non-linear SRF losses derived from characteristic Nb topography: comparison of etched and electropolished surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A simplified numerical model has been developed to simulate non-linear superconducting rf losses on Nb surfaces due exclusively to topographical enhancement of surface magnetic fields. If local sharp edges are small enough, at locations where local surface fields exceed Hc, small volumes of material may become normal conducting without thermal runaway leading to quench. These small volumes of normal material yield increases in the effective surface resistance of the Nb. Using topographic data from typical BCP'd and EP'd fine grain niobium, we have simulated field-dependent losses and find that when extrapolated to resulting cavity performance, these losses correspond well to characteristic BCP/EP high field Q0 performance differences for fine grain Nb. We describe the structure of the model, its limitations, and the effects of this type of non-linear loss contribution on SRF cavity performance.

Xu, Chen; Kelley, Michael J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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281

Improvement in high-field critical currents of in situ processed Nb/sub 3/Sn by titanium addition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effects of the addition of a small amount of Ti to in situ processed Nb/sub 3/Sn tape superconductors have been studied. It has been found that Ti addition significantly improves the critical current density J/sub c/ at high magnetic fields above 12 T. A J/sub c/ value of 3 x 10/sup 4/ A/cm/sup 2/ at a magnetic field of 15 T parallel to the tape surface was obtained for the Cu-40 (Nb-1.6 wt. % Ti) tape reacted with Sn at 650 /sup 0/C for 100 h. This enhancement in high-field performance can be associated with the incorporation of Ti into the A15 Nb/sub 3/Sn.

Yoshida, Y.; Togano, K.; Tachikawa, K.

1983-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

282

Molecular beam epitaxial growth and characterization of mixed (Ti,Nb)O{sub 2} rutile films on TiO{sub 2}(100)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Epitaxial films of mixed (Nb,Ti)O{sub 2} rutile have been grown on TiO{sub 2}(100) rutile at 600{degree}C by molecular beam epitaxy. These films grow in a laminar fashion for Nb mole fractions up to {approximately}0.10. In addition, reflection high-energy and low-energy electron diffraction, along with x-ray photoelectron diffraction and Rutherford backscattering reveal that the overlayers possess excellent long- and short-range structure order up to 10 at.{percent}. However, strain-induced disorder becomes prevalent for higher Nb mole fractions, and the surfaces roughen and become defected accordingly. X-ray photoelectron diffraction and Rutherford backscattering reveal that Nb atoms substitutionally incorporate at cation sites in the rutile lattice for all Nb mole fractions investigated, leading to a mixed rutile Nb{sub {ital x}}Ti{sub 1{minus}{ital x}}O{sub 2} phase. Analysis of Nb 3{ital d} and Ti 2{ital p} core-level binding energies reveals that the oxidation state of both Ti and Nb is +4. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Vacuum Society}

Chambers, S.A.; Gao, Y.; Thevuthasan, S.; Liang, Y. [Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory, Pacific Northwest Laboratory, Richland, Washington 99352 (United States)] [Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory, Pacific Northwest Laboratory, Richland, Washington 99352 (United States); Shivaparan, N.R.; Smith, R.J. [Department of Physics, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana 59717 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana 59717 (United States)

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

M5Si3(M=Ti, Nb, Mo) Based Transition-Metal Silicides for High Temperature Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Transition metal silicides are being considered for future engine turbine components at temperatures up to 1600 C. Although significant improvement in high temperature strength, room temperature fracture toughness has been realized in the past decade, further improvement in oxidation resistance is needed. Oxidation mechanism of Ti{sub 5}Si{sub 3}-based alloys was investigated. Oxidation behavior of Ti{sub 5}Si{sub 3}-based alloy strongly depends on the atmosphere. Presence of Nitrogen alters the oxidation behavior of Ti{sub 5}Si{sub 3} by nucleation and growth of nitride subscale. Ti{sub 5}Si{sub 3.2} and Ti{sub 5}Si{sub 3}C{sub 0.5} alloys exhibited an excellent oxidation resistance in nitrogen bearing atmosphere due to limited dissolution of nitrogen and increased Si/Ti activity ratio. MoSi{sub 2} coating developed by pack cementation to protect Mo-based Mo-Si-B composites was found to be effective up to 1500 C. Shifting coating composition to T1+T2+Mo{sub 3}Si region showed the possibility to extend the coating lifetime above 1500 C by more than ten times via formation of slow growing Mo{sub 3}Si or T2 interlayer without sacrificing the oxidation resistance of the coating. The phase equilibria in the Nb-rich portion of Nb-B system has been evaluated experimentally using metallographic analysis and differential thermal analyzer (DTA). It was shown that Nb{sub ss} (solid solution) and NbB are the only two primary phases in the 0-40 at.% B composition range, and the eutectic reaction L {leftrightarrow} Nb{sub SS} + NbB was determined to occur at 2104 {+-} 5 C by DTA.

Zhihong Tang

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Effect of Ca Doping on the Electrical Conductivity of the High-Temperature Proton Conductor LaNbO4  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The sintering properties, crystal structure and electrical conductivity of La1-xCaxNbO4- (x=0, 0.005, 0.01, 0.015, 0.02 and 0.025), prepared by a conventional solid-state method, have been investigated using powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). In 2.5% Ca doped samples, a small amount of impurities Ca2Nb2O7 were observed from the XRD patterns. Impedance spectra show that the grain boundary resistance increases with increasing Ca content, while the bulk resistance remains essentially constant below 550 C. Despite the higher degree of grain growth was observed for higher Ca-doping levels, the total conductivity of the La1-xCaxNbO4- series decreases with increasing Ca content from 0.5 to 2.0 mol%. The activation energy for the total conductivity decreases with increasing Ca content from 0.71 eV (x=0) to 0.54 eV (x=0.01) for the high temperature tetragonal phase, then it increases to 0.60 eV for x=0.02. For the monoclinic phase, La0.995Ca0.005NbO4- shows the lowest activation energy of 1.26 eV. These results imply that the solubility of CaO in LaNbO4 is in the range from 0.5 to 1.0 mol%. By increasing the sintering temperature from 1500 C to 1550 C, the proton conductivity of the Ca-doped LaNbO4 was improved with enlarged grain size due to a reduction in the resistive grain boundary contribution.

Bi, Zhonghe [ORNL; Pena-Martinez, Juan [ORNL; Kim, Jung-Hyun [ORNL; Bridges, Craig A [ORNL; Huq, Ashfia [ORNL; Hodges, Jason P [ORNL; Paranthaman, Mariappan Parans [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

FEMCAM Analysis of SULTAN Test Results for ITER Nb3SN Cable-conduit Conductors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Performance degradation due to filament fracture of Nb3 Sn cable-in-conduit conductors (CICCs) is a critical issue in large-scale magnet designs such as ITER which is currently being constructed in the South of France. The critical current observed in most SULTAN TF CICC samples is significantly lower than expected and the voltage-current characteristic is seen to have a much broader transition from a single strand to the CICC. Moreover, most conductors exhibit the irreversible degradation due to filament fracture and strain relaxation under electromagnetic cyclic loading. With recent success in monitoring thermal strain distribution and its evolution under the electromagnetic cyclic loading from in situ measurement of critical temperature, we apply FEMCAM which includes strand filament breakage and local current sharing effects to SULTAN tested CICCs to study Nb3 Sn strain sensitivity and irreversible performance degradation. FEMCAM combines the thermal bending effect during cool down and the EM bending effect due to locally accumulating Lorentz force during magnet operation. It also includes strand filament fracture and related local current sharing for the calculation of cable n value. In this paper, we model continuous performance degradation under EM cyclic loading based on strain relaxation and the transition broadening upon cyclic loading to the extreme cases seen in SULTAN test data to better quantify conductor performance degradation.

Yuhu Zhai, Pierluigi Bruzzone, Ciro Calzolaio

2013-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

286

Optical phonons and the soft mode in 2H-NbSe2  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

We present an investigation of the lattice dynamics of the charge density wave (CDW) compound 2H-NbSe2. We analyze the precise nature of the wave vector-dependent electron-phonon coupling (EPC) and derive the bare dispersion of the CDW soft phonon mode using inelastic x-ray scattering combined with ab initio calculations. Experimentally, phonon modes along the ??M line, i.e., q = (h,0,0), with 0 ? h ? 0.5 and the same longitudinal symmetry (?1) as the CDW soft mode, were investigated up to 32 meV. In agreement with our calculations, we observe significant EPC in the optic modes at h ? 0.2. We analyze the EPC in the optic, as well as acoustic, mode and show that the q dependences stem from scattering processes between two bands at the Fermi surface that both have a Nb 4d character. Finally, we demonstrate that the soft mode dispersion at T = 33 K (=TCDW) can be well described on the basis of a strongly q-dependent EPC matrix element and an acousticlike bare phonon dispersion in agreement with observations near room temperature.

Weber, F.; Hott, R.; Heid, R.; Bohnen, K.-P.; Rosenkranz, S.; Castellan, J.-P.; Osborn, R.; Said, A. H.; Leu, B. M.; Reznik, D.

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Design and Test of a Nb3Sn Subscale Dipole Magnet for Training Studies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of a collaboration between CEA/Saclay and the Superconducting Magnet Group at LBNL, a subscale dipole structure has been developed to study training in Nb3Sn coils under variable pre-stress conditions. This design is derived from the LBNL Subscale Magnet and relies on the use of identical Nb{sub 3}Sn racetrack coils. Whereas the original LBNL subscale magnet was in a dual bore 'common-coil' configuration, the new subscale dipole magnet (SD) is assembled as a single bore dipole made of two superposed racetrack coils. The dipole is supported by a new mechanical structure developed to withstand the horizontal and axial Lorentz forces and capable of applying variable vertical, horizontal and axial preload. The magnet was tested at LBNL as part of a series of training studies aiming at understanding of the relation between pre-stress and magnet performance. Particular attention is given to the coil ends where the magnetic field peaks and stress conditions are the least understood. After a description of SD design, assembly, cool-down and tests results are reported and compared with the computations of the OPERA3D and ANSYS magnetic and mechanical models.

Felice, Helene; Caspi, Shlomo; Dietderich, Daniel R.; Felice, Helene; Ferracin, Paolo; Gourlay, Steve A.; Hafalia, Aurelo R.; Lietzke, Alan F.; Mailfert, Alain; Sabbi, GainLuca; Vedrine, Pierre

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Deformation and fracture behavior of composite structured Ti-Nb-Al-Co(-Ni) alloys  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tensile ductility of the Ti-based composites, which consist of a ?-Ti phase surrounded by ultrafine structured intermetallics, is tunable through the control of intermetallics. The two Ti-based alloys studied exhibit similar compressive yield strength (about 1000?MPa) and strain (about 35%–40%) but show a distinct difference in their tensile plasticity. The alloy Ti{sub 71.8}Nb{sub 14.1}Ni{sub 7.4}Al{sub 6.7} fractures at the yield stress while the alloy Ti{sub 71.8}Nb{sub 14.1}Co{sub 7.4}Al{sub 6.7} exhibits about 4.5% of tensile plastic deformation. To clarify the effect of microstructure on the deformation behavior of these alloys, tensile tests were carried out in the scanning electron microscope. It is shown that the distribution as well as the type of intermetallics affects the tensile ductility of the alloys.

Okulov, I. V., E-mail: i.okulov@ifw-dresden.de; Marr, T.; Schultz, L.; Eckert, J. [IFW Dresden, Helmholtzstr. 20, D-01069 Dresden (Germany); Institut für Werkstoffwissenschaft, Technische Universität Dresden, D-01062 Dresden (Germany); Kühn, U. [IFW Dresden, Helmholtzstr. 20, D-01069 Dresden (Germany); Freudenberger, J. [IFW Dresden, Helmholtzstr. 20, D-01069 Dresden (Germany); Institut für Werkstoffwissenschaft, Technische Universität Bergakademie Freiberg, Gustav-Zeuner-Str. 5, D-09599 Freiberg (Germany); Oertel, C.-G.; Skrotzki, W. [Institut für Strukturphysik, Technische Universität Dresden, D-01062 Dresden (Germany)

2014-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

289

Progress in the long Nb3Sn quadrupole R&D by LARP  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

After the successful test of the first long Nb3Sn quadrupole (LQS01) the US LHC Accelerator Research Program (LARP, a collaboration of BNL, FNAL, LBNL and SLAC) is assessing training memory, reproducibility, and other accelerator quality features of long Nb3Sn quadrupole magnets. LQS01b (a reassembly of LQS01 with more uniform and higher pre-stress) was subjected to a full thermal cycle and reached the previous plateau of 222 T/m at 4.5 K in two quenches. A new set of four coils, made of the same type of conductor used in LQS01 (RRP 54/61 by Oxford Superconducting Technology), was assembled in the LQS01 structure and tested at 4.5 K and lower temperatures. The new magnet (LQS02) reached the target gradient (200 T/m) only at 2.6 K and lower temperatures, at intermediate ramp rates. The preliminary test analysis, here reported, showed a higher instability in the limiting coil than in the other coils of LQS01 and LQS02.

Ambrosio, G [Fermilab; Andreev, N [Brookhaven; Anerella, M [Fermilab; Barzi, E [LBL, Berkeley; Bocian, D [Fermilab; Bossert, R [LBL, Berkeley; Buehler, M [Fermilab; Caspi, S [Brookhaven; Chlachidze, G [Berkeley; Dietderich, D [Brookhaven; DiMarco, J [Fermilab

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

REGISTRATION LIST P PR RE ES SO OL LI IC CI IT TA AT TI IO ON  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

REGISTRATION LIST REGISTRATION LIST P PR RE ES SO OL LI IC CI IT TA AT TI IO ON N C CO ON NF FE ER RE EN NC CE E August 9, 2011 Holiday Inn Capitol  550 C Street, SW  Washington, DC 20024 Page 1 of 9 Instructions: (iii) Please indicate (by checking the appropriate box) whether the organization you represent is a large business, small business, or not a business. (iv) Please indicate (by checking the appropriate box) whether your name or the name of your organization may be released on the NNSA website as an attendee of this conference. (v) Please provide an email address if you would like it to be released on the NNSA website. An email address cannot be released if you select neither in column (iv). Name Organization Name Large/Small (iii) Release Attendance? (iv) Email (to release)

291

Building America Case Study: Ground Source Heat Pump Research, TaC Studios Residence, Atlanta, Georigia (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of the NAHB Research Center Industry Partnership, Southface partnered with TaC Studios, an Atlanta based architecture firm specializing in residential and light commercial design, on the construction of a new test home in Atlanta, GA in the mixed-humid climate. This home serves as a residence and home office for the firm's owners, as well as a demonstration of their design approach to potential and current clients. Southface believes the home demonstrates current best practices for the mixed-humid climate, including a building envelope featuring advanced air sealing details and low density spray foam insulation, glazing that exceeds ENERGY STAR requirements, and a high performance heating and cooling system. Construction quality and execution was a high priority for TaC Studios and was ensured by a third party review process. Post construction testing showed that the project met stated goals for envelope performance, an air infiltration rate of 2.15 ACH50. The homeowner's wished to further validate whole house energy savings through the project's involvement with Building America and this long-term monitoring effort. As a Building America test home, this home was evaluated to detail whole house energy use, end use loads, and the efficiency and operation of the ground source heat pump and associated systems. Given that the home includes many non-typical end use loads including a home office, pool, landscape water feature, and other luxury features not accounted for in Building America modeling tools, these end uses were separately monitored to determine their impact on overall energy consumption.

Not Available

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Activation cross sections of $\\alpha$-particle induced nuclear reactions on hafnium and deuteron induced nuclear reaction on tantalum: production of $^{178}$W/$^{178m}$Ta generator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the frame of a systematic study of charged particle production routes of medically relevant radionuclei, the excitation function for indirect production of $^{178m}$Ta through $^{nat}$Hf($\\alpha$,xn)$^{178}$W-$^{178m}$Ta nuclear reaction was measured for the first time up to 40 MeV. In parallel, the side reactions $^{nat}$Hf($\\alpha$,x)$^{179,177,176,175}$W, $^{183,182,178g,177,176,175}$Ta, $^{179m,177m,175}$Hf were also assessed. Stacked foil irradiation technique and $\\gamma$-ray spectrometry were used. New experimental cross section data for the $^{nat}$Ta(d,xn)$^{178}$W reaction are also reported up to 40 MeV. The measured excitation functions are compared with the results of the ALICE-IPPE, and EMPIRE nuclear reaction model codes and with the TALYS 1.4 based data in the TENDL-2013 library. The thick target yields were deduced and compared with yields of other charged particle ((p,4n), (d,5n) and ($^3$He,x)) production routes for $^{178}$W.

Tárk'anyi, F; Ditrói, F; Hermanne, A; Ignatyuk, A V; Uddin, M S

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Peer Reviewed Publications 7 October 2011 41 Chilson, PB, WF Frick, JF Kelly, KW Howard, RP Larkin, RH Diehl, JK Westbrook, TA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Peer Reviewed Publications 7 October 2011 41 Chilson, PB, WF Frick, JF Kelly, KW Howard, RP Larkin, RH Diehl, JK Westbrook, TA Kelly, TH Kunz. In Press. Partly cloudy with a chance of migration, MS Bowlin, PB Chilson, RH Diehl, RW Fléron, P Hartl, R Kays, JF Kelly, WD Robinson, M Wikelski. 2011

Kelly, Jeff

294

Synchrotron and neutron powder diffraction study of phase transition in weberite-type Nd[subscript 3]NbO[subscript 7] and La[subscript 3]NbO[subscript 7  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

La{sub 3}NbO{sub 7} and Nd{sub 3}NbO{sub 7} are insulating compounds that have an orthorhombic weberite-type crystal structure and undergo a phase transition at about 360 and 450 K, respectively. The nature of the phase transitions was investigated via heat capacity measurements, synchrotron X-ray and neutron diffraction experiments. It is here shown that above the phase transition temperature, the compounds possess a weberite-type structure described by space group Cmcm (No. 63). Below the phase transition, the high temperature phase transforms into a weberite-type structure with space group Pmcn (No. 62). The phase transformation primarily involves the off-center shifting of Nb{sup 5+} ions inside the NbO{sub 6} octahedra, combined with shifts of one third of the Ln{sup 3+} (Ln{sup 3+} = La{sup 3+} and Nd{sup 3+}) ions at the center of the LnO{sub 8} polyhedra towards off-center positions. The phase transition was also proven to have great impacts on the dielectric properties.

Cai, Lu; Nino, Juan C. (ORNL); (Florida)

2011-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

295

Properties of two-phase intermetallic (Ti, Nb){sub 3} (Al, Si) + (Ti, Nb){sub 5} (Si, Al){sub 3} P/M bulk and sheet material  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Intermetallic Ti-based alloy powder with nominal composition Ti 23.5Al5.5Si 10 Nb(at.%) was produced by argon gas atomization. This dual phase alloy is composed of the {alpha}{sub 2}-(Ti, Nb){sub 3} (Al,Si)-matrix phase and a eutectic mixture of {alpha}{sub 2}-(Ti, Nb){sub 3}(Al, Si) + {xi}-(Ti, Nb){sub 5} (Si, Al){sub 3}. The powder was compacted by hot isostatic pressing, subsequently hot rolled into sheets, and heat treated. The microstructures of the HIPed compacts and of the sheet materials were metallographically characterized and correlated with tensile properties at temperatures between 20 and 1,000 C. Due to networks of the brittle {xi}-silicide phase, the HIPed state showed no ductility at 20 C. Break-down of the silicide network during rolling led to an improved ductility at 20 C. After post rolling annealing, the yield strengths at 20 and 700 C were between 750--490 MPa and 700--420 MPa for specimens taken parallel and perpendicular to the rolling direction, respectively. These values are considerably higher than those reported for {gamma}-TiAl sheets. At 1,000 C the sheet material could be superplastically deformed.

Gerling, R.; Oehring, M.; Schimansky, F.P. [GKSS-Forschungszentrum, Geesthacht (Germany)] [GKSS-Forschungszentrum, Geesthacht (Germany); Bartels, A. [TU Hamburg-Harburg (Germany)] [TU Hamburg-Harburg (Germany); Clemens, H. [Plansee Aktiengesellschaft, Reutte (Austria). Technology Center] [Plansee Aktiengesellschaft, Reutte (Austria). Technology Center

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Data:11db7522-db61-4f47-886e-a876f0ced746 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

522-db61-4f47-886e-a876f0ced746 522-db61-4f47-886e-a876f0ced746 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Central Electric Coop Inc Effective date: 2010/10/01 End date if known: Rate name: STREET AND HIGHWAY H.P.S. 100w Sector: Commercial Description: Applicable to lighting for public streets and highways and public grounds and areas, supplied to municipalities or agencies of federal, state or local government where funds for payment for electrical service are provided through taxation or assessment. Source or reference: http://www.cec-co.com/custserv/energy_info/rates/sch_e.pdf

297

Data:Cb5db7ec-7824-4bcd-9eb4-db5ebc499985 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ec-7824-4bcd-9eb4-db5ebc499985 ec-7824-4bcd-9eb4-db5ebc499985 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Three Notch Elec Member Corp Effective date: 2012/03/01 End date if known: Rate name: 250W Overhead Wiring (Non Mercury vapor fixtures) - (Type - 'HPS-Flood',Wood Pole (1)) Sector: Lighting Description: Applicable only for dusk to dawn lighting by means of photo-electric controlled, ballast operated vapor lamp luminaries and poles conforming to the Cooperative's specifications. Service will be rendered only at locations that, solely in the opinion of the Cooperative, are readily accessible for installation and maintenance.

298

Data:A01db19a-405a-45db-b4cd-4e1783be5856 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

9a-405a-45db-b4cd-4e1783be5856 9a-405a-45db-b4cd-4e1783be5856 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Tell City, Indiana (Utility Company) Effective date: 2009/09/01 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule ED-E1: Economic Development Rider Sector: Industrial Description: Available for service to large power consumers who qualify under provisions of Tariff E and Tariff E1 and meet the following criteria: New Consumers: Must have monthly minimum billing demand of 400 KVA and greater. Existing Consumers: Must increase the monthly unadjusted billing demand by at least 200 KVA over the base average billing demand during the previous 2 to 12 months.

299

Corrosion behaviour and biocompatibility evaluation of low modulus Ti16Nb shape memory alloy as potential biomaterial  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

stable. The tafel plots and anodic polarization curves prove that the Ti16Nb alloy has excellent anti measurement was maintained up to 3.6Ã?104 s. Tafel plots were conducted from -0.6V (vs. SCE) to 0.6V (vs. SCE

Zheng, Yufeng

300

MicrobeDB: a locally maintainable database of microbial genomic Morgan G. I. Langille1,*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MicrobeDB: a locally maintainable database of microbial genomic sequences Morgan G. I. Langille1 Genome Center, University of California Davis, Davis, California, USA ABSTRACT Summary: Analysis of microbial genomes often requires the general organization and comparison of tens to thousands of genomes

Hammerton, James

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nb ta db" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Electromagnetic interference shielding reaching 70 dB in steel fiber cement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electromagnetic interference shielding reaching 70 dB in steel fiber cement Sihai Wen, D.D.L. Chung; Silica fume; Shielding 1. Introduction Electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding [1­4] is in critical, NY 14260-4400, USA Received 9 January 2002; accepted 14 August 2003 Abstract An electromagnetic

Chung, Deborah D.L.

302

pE-DB: a database of structural ensembles of intrinsically disordered and of unfolded proteins  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pE-DB: a database of structural ensembles of intrinsically disordered and of unfolded proteins ensembles of intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) and of denatured proteins based on nuclear magnetic) the structural ensembles consistent with these data, provided as a set of models in a Protein Data Bank format

Sussman, Joel L.

303

QxDB: a generic database to support mathematical modelling in biology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...which QxDB might be applied, e.g. anatomical...mathematical modelling applied to cancer (this...provided by the new technologies steadily increases...requirement for handling the increasing amount...adopt the following procedure. For a given parameter...easily customized and applied to different research...

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

MvirDB: Microbial Database of Protein Toxins, Virulence Factors and Antibiotic Resistance Genes for Bio-Defense Applications  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

MvirDB is a cenntralized resource (data warehouse) comprising all publicly accessible, organized sequence data for protein toxins, virulence factors, and antibiotic resistance genes. Protein entries in MvirDB are annotated using a high-throughput, fully automated computational annotation system; annotations are updated periodically to ensure that results are derived using current public database and open-source tool releases. Tools provided for using MvirDB include a web-based browser tool and BLAST interfaces. MvirDB serves researchers in the bio-defense and medical fields. (taken from page 3 of PI's paper of same title published in Nucleic Acids Research, 2007, Vol.35, Database Issue (Open Source)

Zhou, C. E.; Smith, J.; Lam, M.; Zemla, M. D.; Slezak, T.

305

Recent progress and tests of radiation resistant impregnation materials for Nb{sub 3}Sn coils  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fermilab is collaborating with Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) and Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) (US-LARP collaboration) to develop a large-aperture Nb{sub 3}Sn superconducting quadrupole for the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) luminosity upgrade. An important component of this work is the development of materials that are sufficiently radiation resistant for use in critical areas of the upgrade. This paper describes recent progress in characterization of materials, including the baseline CTD101K epoxy, cyanate ester blends, and Matrimid 5292, a bismaleimide-based system. Structural properties of “ten stacks” of cable impregnated with these materials are tested at room and cryogenic temperatures and compared to the baseline CT-101K. Experience with potting 1 and 2 meter long coils with Matrimid 5292 are described. Test results of a single 1-m coil impregnated with Matrimid 5292 are reported and compared to similar coils impregnated with the traditional epoxy.

Bossert, R.; Krave, S.; Ambrosio, G.; Andreev, N.; Chlachidze, G.; Nobrega, A.; Novitski, I.; Yu, M.; Zlobin, A. V. [Technical Division, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, P.O. Box 500, Batavia, IL, 60510 (United States)

2014-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

306

Coil End Optimization of the Nb3Sn Quadrupole for the High Luminosity LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As part of the Large Hadron Collider Luminosity upgrade (HiLumi-LHC) program, the US LARP collaboration and CERN are working together to design and build a 150 mm aperture quadrupole magnet that aims at providing a nominal gradient of 140 T/m. The resulting conductor peak field of more than 12 T requires the use of Nb3Sn superconducting coils. In this paper the coil design for the quadrupole short model (SQXF) is described, focusing in particular on the optimization of the end-parts. We first describe the magnetic optimization aiming at reducing the peak field enhancement in the ends and minimizing the integrated multipole content. Then we focus on the analysis and tests performed to determine the most suitable shapes of end turns and spacers, minimizing the mechanical stress on the cables. We conclude with a detailed description of the baseline end design for the first series of the short model coils.

Izquierdo Bermudez, S; Bossert, R; Cheng, D; Ferracin, P; Krave, ST; Perez, JC; Schmalzle, J; Yu, M

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

First-principles real-space calculations of Fe impurities in Mo and Nb  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have applied the recently developed first-principles real-space muffin-tin-orbital scheme to study the electronic structure around Fe impurities in bcc Mo and Nb hosts. These local-spin-density calculations give values for the magnetic moment, hyperfine field, and isomer shift at the impurity site, which are in good agreement with experimental results, when available. We note that, in contrast with reported Korringa-Kohn-Rostoker Green’s-function (KKR-GF) results for the same systems, the magnetic behavior at the impurity is well described when the angular momentum of the wave functions is cut off at lmax=2. Our local impurity moments, calculated using a minimum basis of s, p, and d orbitals, are compatible with those obtained via the KKR-GF formalism, when a cutoff lmax=3 is used.

Helena M. Petrilli and Sonia Frota-Pessôa

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Method of manufacturing fine filamentary NB-TI based alloy superconducting wire  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method of manufacturing a fine multifilamentary Nb-Ti based superconducting wire was disclosed, which comprises a first step of processing an alloy consisting essentially of 10 to 50 atomic % of niobium, 40 to 75 atomic % of titanium and no higher than 30 atomic % of least one element selected from a group consisting of hafnium, tantalum and tungsten to form an alloy wire, a second step of covering said alloy wire with a stabilizer, cold drawing the resultant wire, bundling a plurality of stabilizer-clad wires thus obtained, covering the bundle of wires with a stabilizer, and extruding and cold drawing the resultant bundled wire to thereby form a multifilamentary wire, and a third step of thermally treating the resultant multifilamentary wire at a temperature of 250/sup 0/ to 600/sup 0/ C. and drawing the resultant treated multifilamentary wire to a reduction rate of 30 to 99.9%. The third step is carried out more than once.

Wada, H.; Murase, S.; Tachikawa, K.; Yamada, Y.

1985-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

309

Vamas intercomparison of critical current measurement in Nb/sub 3/Sn wires  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The VAMAS technical working party in the area of superconducting and cryogenic structural materials has recently carried out the first world-wide intercomparison of critical current, I/sub c/, measurement on multifilamentary Nb/sub 3/Sn wires. Three sample wires were supplied from each of EC (European Communities), Japan and USA. The total number of participant labs were 24 (EC 11, Japan and USA 5). There were few restrictions for the I/sub c/ measurement at participant labs. The standard deviations of the I/sub c/ values reported from these labs. varied among test samples, and were 6 - 21% of averaged I/sub c/'s at 12 Tesla.

Tachikawa, K.; Itoh, K.; Wada, H.; Gould, D.; Jones, H.; Walters, C.R.

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Optical investigation of the charge-density-wave phase transitions in NbSe3  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have measured the optical reflectivity R(?) of the quasi-one-dimensional conductor NbSe3 from the far infrared up to the ultraviolet between 10 and 300 K using light polarized along and normal to the chain axis. We find a depletion of the optical conductivity with decreasing temperature for both polarizations in the mid- to far-infrared region. This leads to a redistribution of spectral weight from low to high energies due to partial gapping of the Fermi surface below the charge-density-wave transitions at 145 K and 59 K. We deduce the bulk magnitudes of the charge-density wave gaps and discuss the scattering of ungapped free charge carriers and the role of fluctuation effects.

A. Perucchi; L. Degiorgi; R. E. Thorne

2004-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

311

Acute and obtuse rhombohedrons in the local structures of relaxor ferroelectric Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The local structures around Nb and Pb in the prototypical relaxor ferroelectric Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3 (PMN) were investigated by x-ray fluorescence holography. The separate atomic images of nearest Pb around Nb revealed acute and obtuse rhombohedral structures of the crystal unit cells. The Pb-Pb correlated images showed a local structure of body-center-like 2a0×2a0×2a0 superlattice, proving a rigid three-dimensional network structural model combining the two kinds of rhombohedrons. The Pb atoms in the networks are positionally stable, while the other Pb atoms are fluctuating. This superstructure and the fluctuating Pb and Nb atoms are believed to play an important role in the relaxor behavior of PMN at the atomic level.

Wen Hu; Kouichi Hayashi; Kenji Ohwada; Jun Chen; Naohisa Happo; Shinya Hosokawa; Masamitu Takahasi; Alexei A. Bokov; Zuo-Guang Ye

2014-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

312

Dielectric, hypersonic, and domain anomalies of ,,PbMg13Nb23O3...1x,,PbTiO3...x single crystals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dielectric, hypersonic, and domain anomalies of ,,PbMg1Ã?3Nb2Ã?3O3...1Ã?x,,PbTiO3...x single crystals

313

Permanent Modification of Material Parameters in LiNbO3Crystals by Irradiation with Low-Mass, High-Energy Ions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

LiNbO3is irradiated with lowmass, highenergy ions which cause strong modulations of the refractive index and coercive field. This effect and it's long-term stability is...

Peithmann, Konrad; Zamani-Meymian, Mohammad-Reza; Hattermann, Hilke; Haaks, Matz; Maier, Karl; Andreas, Birk; Koesters, Michael; Breunig, Ingo

314

Page 6 T H E E N V I R O N M E N TA L F O R U M Managing Water Demand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

as structural solutions, more emphasis on demand-side as well as supply-side management techniques, and a growPage 6 T H E E N V I R O N M E N TA L F O R U M Managing Water Demand: Price vs. Non-price demand management tech- niques." These would include actions such as requiring low-flow fixtures

Shapiro, Benjamin

315

Observation of a Magnetic Modulation of the Lattice Electric-Field Gradient of Fe2+ Substituted in 1T-TaS2  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An unusual temperature dependence of the quadrupole splitting of Fe2+ in 1T-Fe0.1Ta0.9S2 can be understood in terms of a magnetic modulation of the lattice electric-field gradient. This modulation is produced by a strictive interaction between the local lattice environment and the continuous low-spin-high-spin transition of Fe2+. The onset of the charge-density-wave instability can also be observed.

M. Eibschütz and M. E. Lines

1977-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

316

Transverse and longitudinal polarized-neutron, polarized-93Nb scattering, and the tensor spin-spin potential  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Spin-spin cross sections were measured for 7.5-MeV polarized neutrons incident on cryogenically polarized Nb93. Measurements were made with spin orientations transverse and longitudinal to the beam direction, yielding ?Tss=-5.2±5.3 mb and ?Lss=-2.2±6.9 mb, respectively. The results are consistent with recent valence-nucleon folding model calculations. The tensor spin-spin potential is found to be small, V12=-67±190 keV. Volume integrals of spin-spin potentials are derived from depolarization and transmission experiments on C13, N15, Al27, and Nb93. The results for the central spin-spin potential are shown to be consistent with the folding model predictions.

J. P. Soderstrum; C. R. Gould; D. G. Haase; N. R. Roberson; M. B. Schneider; L. W. Seagondollar

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Measurements of the persistent current decay and snapback effect in Nb3Sn Fermilab-built accelerator prototype magnets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In recent years, Fermilab has been performing an intensive R an D program on Nb{sub 3}Sn accelerator magnets. This program has included dipole and quadrupole magnets for different programs and projects, including LARP and VLHC. A systematic study of the persistent current decay and snapback effect in the fields of these magnets was executed at the Fermilab Magnet Test Facility. The decay and snapback were measured under a range of conditions including variations of the current ramp parameters and flattop and injection plateau durations. This study has mostly focused on the dynamic behavior of the normal sextupole and dodecapole components in dipole and quadrupole magnets respectively. The paper summarizes the recent measurements and presents a comparison with previously measured NbTi magnets.

Velev, G.V.; Chlachidze, G.; DiMarco, J.; Kashikhin, V.V.; /Fermilab

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

A transmission electron microscopy investigation of inverse melting in Nb{sub 45}Cr{sub 55}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In inverse melting, a supersaturated crystalline phase transforms polymorphously under heat treatment to the amorphous state. Inverse melting of body-centered cubic (bcc) Nb{sub 45}Cr{sub 55} is studied using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and high resolution TEM (HRTEM). The crystalline to amorphous transformation is heterogeneous, initiating at the bcc grain boundaries. HRTEM reveals 2-3 nm domains with medium range order (MRO) in the amorphous phase. Preferred orientation of MRO domains is found on a scale corresponding to the precursor bcc grain size. Using HRTEM and calorimetry, MRO development in cosputtered Nb{sub 45}Cr{sub 55} films is characterized and compared to that in the amorphous phase produced by inverse melting. {copyright} {ital 1997 Materials Research Society.}

Sinkler, W.; Michaelsen, C.; Bormann, R. [Institute for Materials Research, GKSS Research Center, 21502 Geesthacht (Germany)

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Test Results of LARP Nb3Sn Quadrupole Magnets Using a Shell-based Support Structure (TQS)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Among the magnet development program of a large-aperture Nb{sub 3}Sn superconducting quadrupole for the Large Hadron Collider luminosity upgrade, six quadrupole magnets were built and tested using a shell based key and bladder technology (TQS). The 1 m long 90 mm aperture magnets are part o fthe US LHC Accelerator Research Program (LARP) aimed at demonstrating Nb{sub 3}Sn technology by the year 2009, of a 3.6 m long magnet capable of achieving 200 T/m. In support of the LARP program the TQS magnets were tested at three different laboratories, LBNL, FNAL and CERN and while at CERN a technology-transfer and a four days magnet disassembly and reassembly were included. This paper summarizes the fabrication, assembly, cool-down and test results of the six magnets and compres measruements with design expectations.

Caspi, S.; Dietderich, D. R.; Felice, H.; Ferracin, P.; Hafalia, R.; Hannaford, C. R.; Lietzke, A. F.; Lizarazo, J.; Sabbi, G.; Wang, X.; Ghosh, A.; Wanderer, P.; Ambrosio, G.; Barzi, E.; Bossert, R.; Chlachidze, G.; Feher, S.; Kashikhin, V. V.; Lamm, M.; Tartaglia, M. A.; Zlobin, A. V.; Bajko, M.; Bordini, B.; DeRijk, G.; Giloux, C.; Karppinen, M.; Perez, J. C.; Rossi, L.; Siemko, A.; Todesco, E.

2008-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

320

Electronic structure of non-centrosymmetric superconductors Re24(Nb;Ti)5 by ab initio calculations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Electronic structures of superconducting Re24Nb5 and Re24Ti5 have been calculated employing the full-potential local-orbital method within the density functional theory. The investigations were focused on the influence of the antisymmetric spin–orbit coupling on band structures and Fermi surfaces of these non-centrosymmetric systems. The predicted here density of states at the Fermi level for Re24Ti5 is abnormally low with respect to that deduced from previous heat capacity measurements. This discrepancy suggests an intermediate coupled superconducting state in Re24Ti5. The differences between electronic properties of both compounds could explain more robust superconductivity in the Nb-based material.

M.J. Winiarski

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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321

NMR, EPR, and bulk susceptibility measurements of one-dimensional SrNbO3.41  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

NMR, EPR, and bulk susceptibility measurements were performed in the perovskite-related layered compound SrNbO3.41. We determined 93Nb NMR spectra, spin-spin relaxation rates 1/T2 and spin-lattice relaxation rates 1/T1 down to 600 mK. From the spin-lattice relaxation 1/T1 we identified an activated behavior 1/T1?exp(-?NMR/kBT) with a gap ?NMR=6.5 meV for temperatures T>20 K. Below 20 K, the line width ?H(T) from acceptor-EPR and 93(1/T1)(T) both exhibit a temperature dependence propotional to exp[-(T0/T)1/2] which is indicative for a variable range hopping process. We discuss the possibility of charge-density-wave formation at low temperatures.

J.-E. Weber; C. Kegler; N. Büttgen; H.-A. Krug von Nidda; A. Loidl; F. Lichtenberg

2001-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

322

Investigation on the enhancement of the critical current densities in bronze-process Nb/sub 3/Sn  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The work reported here addressed the problem of improving the critical current characteristic of a comercial multifilamentary Nb/sub 3/Sn strand by varying its heat treatment. The work was done from the perspective that the critical current characteristic is controlled by the metallurgical state of the reacted layer, which is, in turn, fixed by the processing the wire has undergone. The research was carried out in parallel with metallographic studies which analyzed the microstructure and composition profile within the reacted Nb/sub 3/Sn layer as a function of heat treatment. The combined results of metallographic and processing research suggest that it is possible to engineer the microstructure of the reacted layer to improve J/sub c/(H). The specific product of the work is a tailored double-aging treatment which introduces a favorable combination of microstructure and composition in the reacted layer and causes a substantial improvement in the critical current characteristic of the strand.

Hong, M.; Wu, I.W.; Morris, J.W. Jr.; Gilbert, W.; Hassenzahl, W.V.; Taylor, C.

1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Effects of Cu and Ga additions to Nb/sub 3/Sn superconductors prepared by infiltration process  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effects of Cu and Ga additions on the superconducting properties of infiltration-processed Nb/sub 3/Sn have been studied. The addition of Cu to the Sn improves the overall critical current density J/sub c/ at entire fields, which is considered to result from the enhancement in Nb/sub 3/Sn growth rate. J/sub c/ of 8 x 10/sup 4/ A/cm/sup 2/ at 4.2 K and 12 T has been obtained for the specimen infiltrated with Sn-20at%Cu alloy. The Ga addition has been found to improve J/sub c/ at high magnetic fields, which is probably a consequence of an increase in the upper critical field H/sub c2/. However, at lower fields J/sub c/ is somewhat lower than that of the specimens without Ga.

Kumakura, H.; Togano, K.; Tachikawa, K.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Data:27f303a5-db48-4bc2-99db-53e75327fc70 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

3a5-db48-4bc2-99db-53e75327fc70 3a5-db48-4bc2-99db-53e75327fc70 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Black River Falls, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2010/04/15 End date if known: Rate name: Pgs-2 Customer-Owned Generation Systems(Greater than 20kW) Sector: Description: Available for single-phase and three-phase customers where a part or all of the electrical requirements of the customer are supplied by the customer's generating facilities, where such facilities have a total generating capability of greater than 20 kW and less than or equal to 100 kW, where such facilities are connected in parallel with the utility. Customers not desiring to sell energy under this rate have the right to negotiate a buy-back rate. The energy rate indicated below is the standard buy-back rate for electrical energy. Customers with generating facilities greater than 100 kW can negotiate a buy-back rate, unless the utility is unwilling to pay the standard buy-back rate for electrical energy from such a customer, in which case the utility shall agree to transport such electrical energy to another utility that will pay such a rate. The utility shall recover actual costs of such transportation from the generating customer. Customers shall receive monthly payments for all electricity delivered to the utility and shall be billed by the utility for metering and associated billing expenses specified in the latest rates of the wholesale supplier unless the latest rates of the wholesale supplier do not properly reflect avoided costs. In such event, the Commission, upon request, may determine appropriate rates. The utility shall have on file a copy of the latest customer-owned generation system rates for its wholesale supplier.

325

Carrington, D.B., Turner, S.A. 1 Explicit Correction for Material Motion  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Carrington, D.B., Turner, S.A. 1 Explicit Correction for Material Motion in Radiative Transport D.B. Carrington, * S.A. Turner * * Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 In this paper, we present comparisons of the solutions to the partial differential equations modeling radiative transport in moving media with constant velocity field to a quasi-analytic transport solution for plane- parallel media. We also perform verification of a finite volume discretization for the gray approximation to radiative transfer in media having low velocity (1 to 2% the speed of light). We present the discretizations and the nonlinear solution algorithm for radiative transfer in moving media using an explicit energy-update. In a previous article, we

326

Direct Probing of Charge Injection and Polarization-Controlled Ionic Mobility on Ferroelectric LiNbO3 Surfaces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mapping surface potential with time-resolved Kelvin Probe Force Microscopy (tr-KPFM) in LiNbO3 periodically-poled single crystal revealed activation of the surface ionic subsystem. Electric fields higher than certain threshold value but lower than the switching field induce injection of charge from the biased electrode, formation of an active region in its vicinity and uneven distribution of screening charge on the opposite ferroelectric domains. Tr-KPFM technique allows investigating these phenomena in details.

Strelcov, Evgheni [ORNL] [ORNL; Ievlev, Dr. Anton [Ural State University, Russia] [Ural State University, Russia; Jesse, Stephen [ORNL] [ORNL; Kravchenko, Ivan I [ORNL] [ORNL; Shur, V.Y. [Institute of Physics and Applied Mathematics, Ural State University] [Institute of Physics and Applied Mathematics, Ural State University; Kalinin, Sergei V [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Study of the effects of high temperatures during quenches on the performance of a small Nb(3)Sn racetrack magnet  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Several high field Nb{sub 3}Sn magnets of different design are under development for future particle accelerators. The high levels of stored energy in these magnets and the high current densities in the conductor can cause high peak temperatures during a quench. The thermal gradients generated in the epoxy-impregnated magnet coils during the fast temperature rise can result in high thermo-mechanical stresses. Considering the sensitivity of Nb{sub 3}Sn to strain and epoxy cracks, it is important to define a maximum acceptable temperature in the coils during a quench which does not cause degradation of the magnet performance. A program was launched at Fermilab to study the effects of thermo-mechanical stress in Nb{sub 3}Sn coils, supported by experiments and by analysis. In collaboration with LBNL, a sub-scaled magnet was built and instrumented to measure the effect of the thermo-mechanical shock during magnet quenches. The magnet consisted of two racetrack coils, assembled in a common coil configuration with a small gap in between. During the test, the magnet reached the maximum field of {approx} 11 T at the short sample current of 9100 A. Temperature excursions up to 400 K did not diminish the magnet quench performance; only after temperature excursions over 430 K, the magnet showed detraining effects, which reduced occasionally the quench current of about 6%. Signs of irreversible degradation (reducing the maximum current of about 3%) appeared only after temperature excursions over 550 K.

Linda Imbasciati et al.

2004-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

328

The thermodynamics of amorphous phases in immiscible systems: The example of sputter-deposited Nb{endash}Cu alloys  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Amorphous metallic alloys, frequently observed to occur in systems with large negative heats of mixing, are much less common in systems which are immiscible in the equilibrium solid state, such as Nb{endash}Cu. However, amorphous Nb{endash}Cu alloys can be produced over a wide composition range by sputtering. Using isothermal and nonisothermal differential scanning calorimetry, both the kinetics and the thermodynamics of these amorphous Nb{endash}Cu alloys were characterized quantitatively. It was found that the formation enthalpies of the amorphous alloys amounted to only 4.5{endash}7.6 kJ/gatom. These data were combined with a modeling of the thermodynamic functions of the system. The unexpected low enthalpies and Gibbs energies of the amorphous phase demonstrate the thermodynamic stabilization of the liquid phase which develops with undercooling. This is connected with a change of sign in the heat of mixing of the liquid phase, which is positive at high temperatures and negative at low temperatures. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

Michaelsen, C.; Gente, C.; Bormann, R. [Institute of Materials Research, GKSS Research Center, 21502 Geesthacht (Germany)] [Institute of Materials Research, GKSS Research Center, 21502 Geesthacht (Germany)

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Investigation of (110)Mo, (110)W monocrystals and Nb polycrystal implanted by oxygen ions and used as TEC electrodes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In an effort to improve efficiency of a thermionic energy converter (TEC), converting thermal power into electric power, there were investigated collectors made of (110)Mo and (110)W monocrystals, and Nb polycrystal, all being implanted by oxygen ions with fluence of 1*10{sup 18} cm{sup {minus}2}. For emitters there were used (110)Mo and (110)W monocrystals, and Nb polycrystal implanted by oxygen ions, respectively. The performance of TEC with implanted electrode material is compared with this of TEC having electrodes of non-implanted materials. It is demonstrated that for emitter temperature range of 1,473 to 1,873 K employment of (110)Mo and (110)W monocrystals, implanted by oxygen ions, for TEC collector allows to increase the specific output power of a converter approximately by a factor of 1.6, and employment of implanted Nb for electrodes -- to increase this value approximately by a factor of 3, as compared with non-implanted electrode materials. The upgraded performance of TEC with implanted electrode materials is caused by the increase of minimum values of the collector working function by {approximately}0.15--0.2 eV as compared with non-implanted collectors, as well as by improvement of emitter emissive and adsorption properties due to oxygen supply from collectors at operating temperatures.

Tsakadze, L.M.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

330

ExpTreeDB: Web-based query and visualization of manually annotated gene expression profiling experiments of human and mouse from GEO  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......PAPERS DATABASES AND ONTOLOGIES ExpTreeDB: Web-based query and visualization of manually...biotech.bmi.ac.cn/ExpTreeDB . Web site is implemented in Perl, PHP, R...allows keywords and signature search. Other Web servers for analysis and annotation of GEO......

Ming Ni; Fuqiang Ye; Juanjuan Zhu; Zongwei Li; Shuai Yang; Bite Yang; Lu Han; Yongge Wu; Ying Chen; Fei Li; Shengqi Wang; Xiaochen Bo

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

High sensitivity gravimetric sensor made of carbon fiber epoxy composite on Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3 single crystal substrate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High sensitivity gravimetric sensor made of carbon fiber epoxy composite on Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3://apl.aip.org/authors #12;High sensitivity gravimetric sensor made of carbon fiber epoxy composite on Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-Pb gravimetric sensor using unidirectional carbon fiber epoxy composite (CFEC) guiding layer on (1-x)Pb(Mg1/3Nb2

Cao, Wenwu

332

Analysis Of Post-Wet-Chemistry Heat Treatment Effects On Nb SRF Surface Resistance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Most of the current research in superconducting radio frequency (SRF) cavities is focused on ways to reduce the construction and operating cost of SRF-based accelerators as well as on the development of new or improved cavity processing techniques. The increase in quality factors is the result of the reduction of the surface resistance of the materials. A recent test on a 1.5 GHz single cell cavity made from ingot niobium of medium purity and heat treated at 1400 deg C in a ultra-high vacuum induction furnace resulted in a residual resistance of ~ 1n{Omega} and a quality factor at 2.0 K increasing with field up to ~ 5×10{sup 10} at a peak magnetic field of 90 mT. In this contribution, we present some results on the investigation of the origin of the extended Q{sub 0}-increase, obtained by multiple HF rinses, oxypolishing and heat treatment of ?all Nb? cavities.

Dhakal, Pashupati; Ciovati, Gianluigi; Kneisel, Peter K.; Myneni, Ganapati Rao

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Test Results of a Nb3Sn Wind/React 'Stress-Managed' BlockDipole  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A second phase of a highfield dipole technology developmenthas been tested. A Nb3Sn block-coil model dipole was fabricated, usingmagnetic mirror geometry and wind/react coil technology. The primaryobjective of this phase was to make a first experimental test of thestress-management strategy pioneered at Texas A&M. In this strategy ahigh-strength support matrix is integrated with the windings to interceptLorentz stress from the inner winding so that it does not accumulate inthe outer winding. The magnet attained a field that was consistent withshort sample limit on the first quench; there was no training. Thedecoupling of Lorentz stress between inner and outer windings wasvalidated. In ramp rate studies the magnet exhibited a remarkablerobustness in rapid ramping operation. It reached 85 percent of shortsample(ss) current even while ramping 2-3 T/s. This robustness isattributed to the orientation of the Rutherford cables parallel to thefield in the windings, instead of the transverse orientation thatcharacterizes common dipole designs. Test results are presented and thenext development phase plans are discussed.

McInturff, A.; Bish, P.; Blackburn, R.; Diaczenko, N.; Elliott,T.; Hafalia Jr., R.; Henchel, W.; Jaisle, A.; Lau, W.; Lietzke, A.; McIntyre, P.; Noyes, P.; Nyman, M.; Sattarov, A.; Sattarov, A.

2006-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

334

Structure for an LHC 90mm Nb3Sn Quadrupole Magnet  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A full-scale mechanical model of the LHC Nb{sub 3}Sn quadrupole magnet structure has been designed, built and tested. The structure will support a 90mm bore, 1m long magnet prototype as part of the US LHC Accelerator Research Program (LARP). The structure utilizes Bladder and Key Technology to control and transfer pre-stress from an outer aluminum shell to an inner coil. Axial aluminum rods take care of pre-stress at the ends--ensuring that the coil is fully constrained along all three axes. The outer aluminum shell and an inner ''dummy coil'' (aluminum tube) were extensively instrumented with strain gauges. The gauges were used to monitor and map the effectiveness of the stress relation between the loading structure and a ''dummy'' coil through varying mechanical load conditions --from bladder and key pre-stress at room temperature through cool-down. Test results of the stress distribution in the structure and the in dummy coil is reported and compared with expected results calculated with the structural analysis program ANSYS.

Hafalia, A.R.; Caspi, S.; Bartlett, S.E.; Dietderich, D.R.; Ferracin, P.; Gourlay, S.A.; Hannaford, C.R.; Higley, H.; Lietzke, A.F.; Lau, B.; Liggins, N.; Mattafirri, S.; McInturff, A.D.; Nyman, M.; Sabbi,G.L.; Scanlan, R.M.; Swanson, J.

2005-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

335

Test Results of a Nb3Sn Wind/React"Stress-Managed" Block Dipole  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A second phase of a high field dipole technology development has been tested. A Nb{sub 3}Sn block-coil model dipole was fabricated, using magnetic mirror geometry and wind/react coil technology. The primary objective of this phase was to make a first experimental test of the stress-management strategy pioneered at Texas A&M. In this strategy a high-strength support matrix is integrated with the windings to intercept Lorentz stress from the inner winding so that it does not accumulate in the outer winding. The magnet attained a field that was consistent with short sample limit on the first quench; there was no training. The decoupling of Lorentz stress between inner and outer windings was validated. In ramp rate studies the magnet exhibited a remarkable robustness in rapid ramping operation. It reached 85% of short sample(ss) current even while ramping 2-3 T/s. This robustness is attributed to the orientation of the Rutherford cables parallel to the field in the windings, instead of the transverse orientation that characterizes common dipole designs. Test results are presented and the next development phase plans are discussed.

McInturff, A.; Blackburn, R.; Diaczenko, N.; Elliott, T.; Henchel, W.; Jaisle, A.; McIntyre, P.; Noyes, P.; Sattarov, A.; Lietzke, A.; Hafalia Jr., R.; Lau, W.; Nyman, M.; Bish, P.

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Impact of Nb3Sn Dipoles on the LHC Lattice and Beam Optics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In view of the LHC operation at full energy (7 TeV) as well as in preparation for the HL-LHC luminosity upgrade an improved collimation system is planned, which foresees additional collimators in the dispersion suppressor region of the ring. To deliver the space needed in the cold part of the LHC lattice the use of new, stronger dipole magnets based on Nb3Sn technology is proposed to deliver room for the new collimators. Based on field calculations and assumptions for their multipole content the impact of these new magnets on the machine optics, the lattice design and finally the dynamic aperture is discussed. Persistent currents especially at low field play an essential role and accordingly additional multipole corrector coils might be needed to compensate the field errors at LHC injection energy and the low part of the acceleration procedure. The calculations presented here give estimates for the "allowed" multipole tolerances of the new magnets and propose - where needed - the installation of spool piece c...

Holzer, B

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

VAMAS interlaboratory comparisons of critical current vs. strain in Nb{sub 3}Sn  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A comparison is made of measurements of the effect of axial tensile strain on the critical current of multifilamentary Nb{sub 3}Sn superconductors by three different laboratories. Two of the laboratories used short sample testing apparatus wherein a straight section of conductor was cooled in a force-free state. One of the laboratories used a spring apparatus wherein a long sample was reacted in a coil shape and attached to a spring sample holder. The agreement between the results for the two laboratories that used the straight sample apparatus was quite good, within 15% for all three conductors at 15 T, except at very high strain for one conductor which had an upper critical field close to the measurement field. To make a comparison with the data obtained using the spring method, it was necessary to fit the data to the compressive prestrain determined using the straight-sample technique. With such a fit, the agreement was variable, between 15 and 25% depending on the conductor. Values of the prestrain and irreversible strain obtained from the straight sample data agreed within 0.06% and 0.05% respectively. Values of the maxi (strain-free) upper critical fields agreed within several tenths of a tesla.

Ekin, J.W. [National Inst. of Standards and Technology, Boulder, CO (United States). Electromagnetic Technology Div.

1989-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

338

Subthreshold Xi- Production in Collisions of p(3.5 GeV)+Nb  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Results on the production of the double-strange cascade hyperon $\\mathrm{\\Xi^-}$ are reported for collisions of p\\,(3.5~GeV)\\,+\\,Nb, studied with the High Acceptance Di-Electron Spectrometer (HADES) at SIS18 at GSI Helmholtzzentrum for Heavy-Ion Research, Darmstadt. For the first time, subthreshold $\\mathrm{\\Xi^-}$ production is observed in proton-nucleus interactions. Assuming a $\\mathrm{\\Xi^-}$ phase-space distribution similar to that of $\\mathrm{\\Lambda}$ hyperons, the production probability amounts to $P_{\\mathrm{\\Xi^-}}=(2.0\\,\\pm0.4\\,\\mathrm{(stat)}\\,\\pm 0.3\\,\\mathrm{(norm)}\\,\\pm 0.6\\,\\mathrm{(syst)})\\times10^{-4}$ resulting in a $\\mathrm{\\Xi^-/(\\Lambda+\\Sigma^0)}$ ratio of $P_{\\mathrm{\\Xi^-}}/\\ P_{\\mathrm{\\Lambda+\\Sigma^0}}=(1.2\\pm 0.3\\,\\mathrm{(stat)}\\pm0.4\\,\\mathrm{(syst)})\\times10^{-2}$. Available model predictions are significantly lower than the estimated $\\mathrm{\\Xi^-}$ yield.

Agakishiev, G; Balanda, A; Belver, D; Belyaev, A V; Berger-Chen, J C; Blanco, A; Böhmer, M; Boyard, J L; Cabanelas, P; Chernenko, S; Dybczak, A; Epple, E; Fabbietti, L; Fateev, O V; Finocchiaro, P; Fonte, P; Friese, J; Fröhlich, I; Galatyuk, T; Garzon, J A; Gernhäuser, R; Göbel, K; Golubeva, M; Gonzalez-Diaz, D; Guber, F; Gumberidze, M; Heinz, T; Hennino, T; Holzmann, R; Ierusalimov, A; Iori, I; Ivashkin, A; Jurkovic, M; Kämpfer, B; Karavicheva, T; Koenig, I; Koenig, W; Kolb, B W; Kornakov, G; Kotte, R; Krasa, A; Krizek, F; Krücken, R; Kuc, H; Kühn, W; Kugler, A; Kurepin, A; Ladygin, V; Lalik, R; Lang, S; Lapidus, K; Lebedev, A; Liu, T; Lopes, L; Lorenz, M; Maier, L; Mangiarotti, A; Markert, J; Metag, V; Michalska, B; Michel, J; Müntz, C; Naumann, L; Pachmayer, Y C; Palka, M; Parpottas, Y; Pechenov, V; Pechenova, O; Pietraszko, J; Przygoda, W; Ramstein, B; Reshetin, A; Rustamov, A; Sadovsky, A; Salabura, P; Schmah, A; Schwab, E; Siebenson, J; Sobolev, Yu G; Spataro, S; Spruck, B; Ströbele, H; Stroth, J; Sturm, C; Tarantola, A; Teilab, K; Tlusty, P; Traxler, M; Trebacz, R; Tsertos, H; Vasiliev, T; Wagner, V; Weber, M; Wendisch, C; Wüstenfeld, J; Yurevich, S; Zanevsky, Y V

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Subthreshold Xi- Production in Collisions of p(3.5 GeV)+Nb  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Results on the production of the double-strange cascade hyperon $\\mathrm{\\Xi^-}$ are reported for collisions of p\\,(3.5~GeV)\\,+\\,Nb, studied with the High Acceptance Di-Electron Spectrometer (HADES) at SIS18 at GSI Helmholtzzentrum for Heavy-Ion Research, Darmstadt. For the first time, subthreshold $\\mathrm{\\Xi^-}$ production is observed in proton-nucleus interactions. Assuming a $\\mathrm{\\Xi^-}$ phase-space distribution similar to that of $\\mathrm{\\Lambda}$ hyperons, the production probability amounts to $P_{\\mathrm{\\Xi^-}}=(2.0\\,\\pm0.4\\,\\mathrm{(stat)}\\,\\pm 0.3\\,\\mathrm{(norm)}\\,\\pm 0.6\\,\\mathrm{(syst)})\\times10^{-4}$ resulting in a $\\mathrm{\\Xi^-/(\\Lambda+\\Sigma^0)}$ ratio of $P_{\\mathrm{\\Xi^-}}/\\ P_{\\mathrm{\\Lambda+\\Sigma^0}}=(1.2\\pm 0.3\\,\\mathrm{(stat)}\\pm0.4\\,\\mathrm{(syst)})\\times10^{-2}$. Available model predictions are significantly lower than the estimated $\\mathrm{\\Xi^-}$ yield.

G. Agakishiev; O. Arnold; A. Balanda; D. Belver; A. V. Belyaev; J. C. Berger-Chen; A. Blanco; M. Böhmer; J. L. Boyard; P. Cabanelas; S. Chernenko; A. Dybczak; E. Epple; L. Fabbietti; O. V. Fateev; P. Finocchiaro; P. Fonte; J. Friese; I. Fröhlich; T. Galatyuk; J. A. Garzon; R. Gernhäuser; K. Göbel; M. Golubeva; D. Gonzalez-Diaz; F. Guber; M. Gumberidze; T. Heinz; T. Hennino; R. Holzmann; A. Ierusalimov; I. Iori; A. Ivashkin; M. Jurkovic; B. Kämpfer; T. Karavicheva; I. Koenig; W. Koenig; B. W. Kolb; G. Kornakov; R. Kotte; A. Krasa; F. Krizek; R. Krücken; H. Kuc; W. Kühn; A. Kugler; A. Kurepin; V. Ladygin; R. Lalik; S. Lang; K. Lapidus; A. Lebedev; T. Liu; L. Lopes; M. Lorenz; L. Maier; A. Mangiarotti; J. Markert; V. Metag; B. Michalska; J. Michel; C. Müntz; L. Naumann; Y. C. Pachmayer; M. Palka; Y. Parpottas; V. Pechenov; O. Pechenova; J. Pietraszko; W. Przygoda; B. Ramstein; A. Reshetin; A. Rustamov; A. Sadovsky; P. Salabura; A. Schmah; E. Schwab; J. Siebenson; Yu. G. Sobolev; S. Spataro; B. Spruck; H. Ströbele; J. Stroth; C. Sturm; A. Tarantola; K. Teilab; P. Tlusty; M. Traxler; R. Trebacz; H. Tsertos; T. Vasiliev; V. Wagner; M. Weber; C. Wendisch; J. Wüstenfeld; S. Yurevich; Y. V. Zanevsky

2015-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

340

Data:1a0be9db-dd91-4dfd-b740-b61e682064db | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

dd91-4dfd-b740-b61e682064db dd91-4dfd-b740-b61e682064db No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Oconomowoc Utilities Effective date: 2007/09/01 End date if known: Rate name: Gs-2 General Service Single Phase Optional Time-of-Day 7am-9pm with Parallel Generation(20kW or less) Sector: Commercial Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0598 per kilowatt-hour.

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341

Data:B3db79c4-e40f-4db0-8c17-4af059d02fdb | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

9c4-e40f-4db0-8c17-4af059d02fdb 9c4-e40f-4db0-8c17-4af059d02fdb No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Winfield, Kansas (Utility Company) Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Rate schedule LGS-J-4(71, 77, 78), jurisdictional large general service Sector: Industrial Description: Source or reference: http://www.winfieldks.org/index.aspx?NID=201 Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category:

342

Data:58db51d7-4aca-426b-9b22-298eb45189db | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

d7-4aca-426b-9b22-298eb45189db d7-4aca-426b-9b22-298eb45189db No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Northern States Power Co - Minnesota Effective date: 2012/05/01 End date if known: Rate name: Residential Service-Overhead ESH (A01 ISU) Sector: Residential Description: Available to any residential customer for domestic purposes only in a single private residence and qualifying farm customers. DETERMINATION OF CUSTOMER BILLS Customer bills shall reflect energy charges (if applicable) based on customer's kWh usage, plus a customer charge (if applicable), plus demand charges (if applicable) based on customer's kW billing demand as defined. INTERIM RATE ADJUSTMENT A 4.49% Interim Rate Surcharge will be applied to rate components specified in the "Interim Rate Surcharge Rider." In addition, customer bills under this rate are subject to the following adjustments and/or charges. FUEL CLAUSE Bills are subject to the adjustments provided for in the Fuel Clause Rider. RESOURCE ADJUSTMENT Bills are subject to the adjustments provided for in the Conservation Improvement Program Adjustment Rider, the State Energy Policy Rate Rider, the Renewable Development Fund Rider, the Transmission Cost Recovery Rider, the Renewable Energy Standard Rider and the Mercury Cost Recovery Rider.

343

Advanced NTR options. [Ta  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Advanced NTR concepts which offer performance improvements over the ROVER/NERVA designs have been investigated. In addition, the deliverable performance of low pressure operation and materials issues have been investigated. Based on current experience, a maximum exit gas temperature of 3200 K is likely achievable with a ZrC based PBR design. At 3200 K a low pressure NTR would have marginal performance advantage (Isp) over a high pressure system. If tantalum or other high melting point carbides are used then an exit gas temperature of 3500 K may be feasible. At 3500 K low pressure operation offers more significant performance improvements which could outweigh associated size and mass penalties.

Davis, J.W.; Mills, J.C.; Glass, J.F.; Tu, W. (Rockwell International/Rocketdyne Division, 6633 Canoga Avenue, MS HB23 Canoga Park, California 81303 (US))

1991-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

344

Study of spontaneous and induced absorption in amorphous Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5} and SiO{sub 2} dielectric thin films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tantalum pentoxide (Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5}) and silicon dioxide (SiO{sub 2}) are common high-index and low-index materials used in dielectric optical coatings for high average-power lasers since high-density sputtered oxide films with absorption losses at near- and mid-infrared wavelengths of less than 1 ppm can be obtained. These oxides have been chosen to investigate the spontaneous and optically induced absorption at {lambda}{sub 0} = 1064 nm that occurs due to simultaneous illumination at shorter wavelengths. The effect is measured using the photothermal common-path interferometric technique. This technique is capable of detecting sub-ppm levels of optical absorption and tracking its changes at a given wavelength when a second laser beam is also incident on a thin film oxide sample. In this work, dual beam experiments are employed to assess changes in the optical absorption at {lambda}{sub 0} = 1064 nm in ion beam sputtered Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5} and SiO{sub 2} thin films deposited on fused silica substrates, with stimulating illumination {lambda}{sub 1} ranging from {lambda}{sub 1} = 266 nm to {lambda}{sub 1} = 780 nm. The power and wavelength of the stimulating radiation were found to affect the optical absorption at {lambda}{sub 0} = 1064 nm. Furthermore, the relaxation dynamics of the induced infrared absorption was found to be wavelength dependent and is thought to be associated with various electron traps existing in the forbidden gap that depend essentially on the film's preparation conditions. The significantly greater effect observed in Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5} at {lambda}{sub 1} = 266 nm is attributed to band-to-band transitions.

Markosyan, A. S.; Route, R.; Fejer, M. M. [Department of Applied Physics, E.L. Ginzton Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States); Patel, D.; Menoni, C. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and NSF ERC for Extreme Ultraviolet Science and Technology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523 (United States)

2013-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

345

The effects of shockwave profile shape and shock obliquity on spallation in Cu and Ta: kinetic and stress-state effects on damage evolution(u)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Widespread research over the past five decades has provided a wealth of experimental data and insight concerning shock hardening and the spallation response of materials subjected to square-topped shock-wave loading profiles. Less quantitative data have been gathered on the effect of direct, in-contact, high explosive (HE)-driven Taylor wave (or triangular-wave) loading profile shock loading on the shock hardening, damage evolution, or spallation response of materials. Explosive loading induces an impulse dubbed a 'Taylor Wave'. This is a significantly different loading history than that achieved by a square-topped impulse in terms of both the pulse duration at a fixed peak pressure, and a different unloading strain rate from the peak Hugoniot state achieved. The goal of this research is to quantify the influence of shockwave obliquity on the spallation response of copper and tantalum by subjecting plates of each material to HE-driven sweeping detonation-wave loading and quantify both the wave propagation and the post-mortem damage evolution. This talk will summarize our current understanding of damage evolution during sweeping detonation-wave spallation loading in Cu and Ta and show comparisons to modeling simulations. The spallation responses of Cu and Ta are both shown to be critically dependent on the shockwave profile and the stress-state of the shock. Based on variations in the specifics of the shock drive (pulse shape, peak stress, shock obliquity) and sample geometry in Cu and Ta, 'spall strength' varies by over a factor of two and the details of the mechanisms of the damage evolution is seen to vary. Simplistic models of spallation, such as P{sub min} based on 1-D square-top shock data lack the physics to capture the influence of kinetics on damage evolution such as that operative during sweeping detonation loading. Such considerations are important for the development of predictive models of damage evolution and spallation in metals and alloys.

Gray, George T [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

346

Effect of compressive and tensile strains on the critical current density of liquid-phase diffusion processed Nb{sub 3}Sn  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The influence of strain on the critical current density of liquid-phase diffusion processed Nb{sub 3}Sn foil has been examined. Eight different levels of plane stress were applied to the Nb{sub 3}Sn by using differential thermal contraction. This differential thermal contraction was achieved by soldering Nb{sub 3}Sn foil samples between two plates of eight different materials, and cooling the composite structures from the soldering temperature to the test temperature. Brass, copper, stainless steel, Hastelloy X, Inconel 600, nickel, niobium and tungsten plates were used. In addition, bending strains were applied to the Nb{sub 3}Sn foil using a non-symmetric bi-metal structure with a brass or niobium plate placed in a bending fixture. In a transverse field of 5T and at a test temperature of 4.2 K, a thermally applied axial strain of 0.4% increased the critical current by 60%. An axial tensile bending strain of the same magnitude resulted in a critical current increase of only about 9%. These results will be discussed and compared to observations in the literature for solid-phase diffusion processed Nb{sub 3}Sn.

Murray, M.L.; Benz, M.G.; Zabala, R.J.; Raber, T.R. [General Electric Research and Development Center, Schenectady, NY (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

347

Properties of triaxial, strongly deformed bands in {sup 167}Ta and {sup 167}Lu and the top-on-top model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Based on the particle-rotor model with one particle coupled to a triaxially deformed rotor, the experimental excitation energy relative to a reference E*-aI(I+1) and the ratio between interband and intraband electromagnetic transitions are well reproduced for {sup 167}Ta with {gamma}=19 deg. The same parameter set for the angular-momentum-dependent rigid-body moments of inertia attains good agreement with experimental data for the positive-parity triaxial, strongly deformed (TSD) band levels in {sup 167}Lu. An attempt is made to investigate the negative-parity TSD band in {sup 167}Lu.

Sugawara-Tanabe, Kazuko [Theoretical Nuclear Physics Laboratory, RIKEN Nishina Center, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan); Otsuma Women's University, Tama, Tokyo 206-8540 (Japan); Tanabe, Kosai [Theoretical Nuclear Physics Laboratory, RIKEN Nishina Center, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan); Department of Physics, Saitama University, Sakura-Ku, Saitama 338-8570 (Japan)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

348

Electronic Instability in a Zero-Gap Semiconductor: The Charge-Density Wave in (TaSe4)2I  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

We report a comprehensive study of the paradigmatic quasi-1D compound (TaSe4)2I performed by means of angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) and first-principles electronic structure calculations. We find it to be a zero-gap semiconductor in the nondistorted structure, with non-negligible interchain coupling. Theory and experiment support a Peierls-like scenario for the charge-density wave formation below TCDW=263??K, where the incommensurability is a direct consequence of the finite interchain coupling. The formation of small polarons, strongly suggested by the ARPES data, explains the puzzling semiconductor-to-semiconductor transition observed in transport at TCDW.

Tournier-Colletta, C.; Moreschini, L.; Autès, G.; Moser, S.; Crepaldi, A.; Berger, H.; Walter, A. L.; Kim, K. S.; Bostwick, A.; Monceau, P.; Rotenberg, E.; Yazyev, O. V.; Grioni, M.

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Lambda hyperon production and polarization in collisions of p(3.5 GeV) + Nb  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Results on $\\Lambda$ hyperon production are reported for collisions of p(3.5 GeV) + Nb, studied with the High Acceptance Di-Electron Spectrometer (HADES) at SIS18 at GSI Helmholtzzentrum for Heavy-Ion Research, Darmstadt. The transverse mass distributions in rapidity bins are well described by Boltzmann shapes with a maximum inverse slope parameter of about $90\\,$MeV at a rapidity of $y=1.0$, i.e. slightly below the center-of-mass rapidity for nucleon-nucleon collisions, $y_{cm}=1.12$. The rapidity density decreases monotonically with increasing rapidity within a rapidity window ranging from 0.3 to 1.3. The $\\Lambda$ phase-space distribution is compared with results of other experiments and with predictions of two transport approaches which are available publicly. None of the present versions of the employed models is able to fully reproduce the experimental distributions, i.e. in absolute yield and in shape. Presumably, this finding results from an insufficient modelling in the transport models of the elementary processes being relevant for $\\Lambda$ production, rescattering and absorption. The present high-statistics data allow for a genuine two-dimensional investigation as a function of phase space of the self-analyzing $\\Lambda$ polarization in the weak decay $\\Lambda\\rightarrow p \\pi^-$. Finite negative values of the polarization in the order of $5-20\\,\\%$ are observed over the entire phase space studied. The absolute value of the polarization increases almost linearly with increasing transverse momentum for $p_t>300\\,$MeV/c and increases with decreasing rapidity for $y < 0.8$.

G. Agakishiev; O. Arnold; A. Balanda; D. Belver; A. V. Belyaev; J. C. Berger-Chen; A. Blanco; M. Böhmer; J. L. Boyard; P. Cabanelas; S. Chernenko; A. Dybczak; E. Epple; L. Fabbietti; O. V. Fateev; P. Finocchiaro; P. Fonte; J. Friese; I. Fröhlich; T. Galatyuk; J. A. Garzon; R. Gernhäuser; K. Göbel; M. Golubeva; D. Gonzalez-Díaz; F. Guber; M. Gumberidze; T. Heinz; T. Hennino; R. Holzmann; A. Ierusalimov; I. Iori; A. Ivashkin; M. Jurkovic; B. Kämpfer; T. Karavicheva; I. Koenig; W. Koenig; B. W. Kolb; G. Kornakov; R. Kotte; A. Krasa; F. Krizek; R. Krücken; H. Kuc; W. Kühn; A. Kugler; A. Kurepin; V. Ladygin; R. Lalik; S. Lang; K. Lapidus; A. Lebedev; T. Liu; L. Lopes; M. Lorenz; L. Maier; A. Mangiarotti; J. Markert; V. Metag; B. Michalska; J. Michel; C. Müntz; L. Naumann; Y. C. Pachmayer; M. Palka; Y. Parpottas; V. Pechenov; O. Pechenova; J. Pietraszko; W. Przygoda; B. Ramstein; A. Reshetin; A. Rustamov; A. Sadovsky; P. Salabura; A. Schmah; E. Schwab; J. Siebenson; Yu. G. Sobolev; S. Spataro; B. Spruck; H. Ströbele; J. Stroth; C. Sturm; A. Tarantola; K. Teilab; P. Tlusty; M. Traxler; R. Trebacz; H. Tsertos; T. Vasiliev; V. Wagner; M. Weber; C. Wendisch; J. Wüstenfeld; S. Yurevich; Y. V. Zanevsky

2014-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

350

Kinetics of nucleation of the ferroelectric transitions in PbMg1/3Nb2/3O3 and PbMg1/3Nb2/3O3?12%PbTiO3  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The nucleation kinetics of the formation of ordered ferroelectric phases from the glassy relaxor states of PbMg1/3Nb2/3O3 (PMN) and of solid solutions of PMN and PbTiO3 is investigated. A delay time, dependent on field and temperature, is found to precede a rather rapid establishment of macroscopic polarization. The qualitative form of the temperature dependence follows prior theory for the lag preceding homogeneous nucleation of a crystal from a glass. However, the increase of the lag time as the “melting” line is approached from below is stronger than expected.

Eugene V. Colla; Jeliazko R. Jeliazkov; M. B. Weissman; D. D. Viehland; Zuo-Gang Ye

2014-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

351

Rupture and Internal Pressurization Creep of Nb-Modified Zircaloy-4 Tubing: Application to Dry Storage Feasibility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Burst rupture properties of Zircaloy-4 and Nb-Modified Zircaloy-4 are investigated at temperatures ranging from 638 K to 843 K by internal pressurization of closed-end tubing samples. Various pressurization levels were imposed and rupture times were noted. The data enabled an evaluation of Larson-Miller parameter and the present experimental results on Zircaloy-4 were in excellent agreement with those reported in the literature. The effect of 1% Nb addition to Zircaloy-4 was studied since these materials are now known to resist long-time corrosion in water reactors and are thus considered for high burn-up applications. Negligible differences were noted in the rupture characteristics between the standard Zircaloy-4 and Nb-added Zircaloy-4. In addition, a limited amount of testing was performed to characterize the hoop creep behavior of these materials using a creep tester with hoop strain monitored in-situ by a Laser telemetric extensometer. Both the alloys followed an exponential stress variation of the creep-rate at high (>10{sup -3} E) stresses. At very low stresses, viscous creep (n=1) was noted identifiable with Coble creep corresponding to small grain sized materials. These results have significance on the feasibility of surface storage of spent fuel where the creep deformation of the cladding could be a failure mode because of the residual heat and fission products following exposure to neutron irradiation in commercial nuclear plants. Blind extrapolation of short-term creep results to low stresses encountered during dry storage lead to nonconservative estimates of the creep-rates and creep-strains due to contributions of viscous creep to the total strain. (authors)

Murty, K.K.; Zhou, Y.; Devarajan, B. [North Carolina State University, Nuclear Engineering Department, Raleigh, NC 27695-7909 (United States)

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Electrical conduction mechanism in La{sub 3}Ta{sub 0.5}Ga{sub 5.3}Al{sub 0.2}O{sub 14} single crystals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The electrical conduction mechanism in La{sub 3}Ta{sub 0.5}Ga{sub 5.3}Al{sub 0.2}O{sub 14} (LTGA) single crystals was studied by nonstoichiometric defect formation during crystal growth. Since stoichiometric LTGA is not congruent, the single crystal grown from the stoichiometric melt was Ta-poor and Al-rich, where Al atoms were substituted not only in Ga sites but also in Ta sites. The population of the substitutional Al in Ta sites increased with increasing oxygen partial pressure during growth (growth-pO{sub 2}) in the range from 0.01 to 1?atm. Below 600?°C, substitutional Al atoms in Ta sites were ionized to yield holes, and thus the electrical conductivity of the LTGA crystal depended on temperature and the growth-pO{sub 2}. The dependence of the electrical conductivity on the growth-pO{sub 2} decreased as temperature increased. The temperature rise increases ionic conductivity, for which the dominant carriers are oxygen defects formed by the anion Frenkel reaction.

Yaokawa, Ritsuko, E-mail: e4777-1009@yahoo.co.jp; Aota, Katsumi [Citizen Holdings Co., Ltd., 840, Shimotomi, Tokorozawa, Saitama 359-8511 (Japan); Uda, Satoshi [Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan)

2013-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

353

Superconducting properties of a textured NbN film from N93b NMR relaxation and magnetization measurements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Primarily motivated by the similarities between the underdoped superconducting cuprates and the granular systems in regards of electric conductivity, phase fluctuations of the order parameter, and nuclear spin-lattice relaxation, a study has been carried out in a NbN(111) textured film at controlled granularity by means of superconducting quantum interference device magnetization and N93b NMR measurements. The Meissner diamagnetism in zero-field-cooling and field-cooling conditions and for different orientation of the magnetic field and the isothermal magnetization curves around the superconducting transition temperature Tc, are studied. N93b spectra and relaxation measurements have been performed for two values of the external magnetic field in parallel and perpendicular geometry, in the temperature range 4–300 K. In the superconducting phase the experimental findings for the textured film are similar to the one in bulk NbN. The nuclear spin-lattice relaxation process is the same as in bulk NbN in the temperature range 50–300 K, confirming a dominant contribution to the density of states at the Fermi energy arising from the Nb 4d band. At variance, on cooling from about 40 K down to Tc (H), the N93b relaxation rate in the film dramatically departs from the expected behavior for the Fermi gas and mimics the opening of a spin gap. The interpretation of the spin-gap opening in terms of depletion in the density of states at the Fermi energy can justify the anomalous temperature behavior of the N93b relaxation rate on approaching Tc (H) from above. The experimental findings suggest the occurrence of superconducting fluctuations (density-of-states term) in one-dimensional regime, coupled to a reduction in the time of flight of the electrons, both effects being related to the granularity. The data also suggest that the spin-gap phase in underdoped cuprates could be connected more to granularity, rather than to exotic mechanisms of magnetic origin.

A. Lascialfari; A. Rigamonti; E. Bernardi; M. Corti; A. Gauzzi; J. C. Villegier

2009-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

354

Detection of slow modulation wave diffusion in incommensurate barium sodium niobate by 93Nb two-dimensional exchange NMR  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

93Nb two-dimensional (2D) exchange NMR was used to study ultraslow motions in incommensurate barium sodium niobate (BSN) in the temperature range 500–560 K. These 2D exchange data provide strong evidence for diffusionlike motion of the modulation wave in BSN. Such motions in BSN had been previously detected by using a complementary NMR experiment, the Hahn spin-echo decay. However, since the Hahn spin-echo decay technique cannot always distinguish unambiguously between different motional mechanisms, this 2D experiment provides definitive confirmation of modulation wave diffusion and rules out other possible motional mechanisms for the Hahn spin-echo decay in this system.

Ligia Muntean and David C. Ailion

2000-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

355

The use of amorphous boron powder enhances mechanical alloying in soft magnetic FeNbB alloy: A magnetic study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Saturation magnetization and magnetic anisotropy have been studied during mechanical alloying of Fe{sub 75}Nb{sub 10}B{sub 15} alloys prepared using crystalline and commercial amorphous boron. The evolution of saturation magnetization indicates a more efficient dissolution of boron into the matrix using amorphous boron, particularly for short milling times. The magnetization of the crystalline phase increases as boron is incorporated into this phase. Two milling time regimes can be used to describe the evolution of magnetic anisotropy: a first regime governed by microstrains and a second one mainly governed by crystal size and amorphous fraction.

Ipus, J. J.; Blazquez, J. S.; Franco, V.; Conde, A. [Dpto. Fisica de la Materia Condensada, ICMSE-CSIC, Universidad de Sevilla, P.O. Box 1065, 41080 Sevilla (Spain)

2013-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

356

Multi-analyte biosensors on a CF4 plasma treated Nb2O5-based membrane with an extended gate field effect transistor structure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Multianalyte biosensors were fabricated with an Nb2O5 pH-sensitive membrane on silicon substrate in an EGFET structure. Incorporation of CF4 plasma treatment with an appropriate time of 15 s was found to improve material properties and enhance performance. Multiple material analyses including XRD, AFM and SIMS indicate that CF4 plasma treatment reduces dangling bonds and passivates defects by forming strong bonds. Results indicate that an Nb2O5-based EGFET exhibited good performance with a high degree of sensitivity, a low hysteresis voltage and a low drift rate. Overall sensing performance for various ions of Na+, K+, urea and glucose detection was also enhanced. Our research indicates that Nb2O5-based biosensors with CF4 treatment show promise for future industrial biosensing applications.

Chyuan-Haur Kao; Hsiang Chen; Lien-Tai Kuo; Jer-Chyi Wang; Yun-Ti Chen; Yu-Cheng Chu; Chian-You Chen; Chao-Sung Lai; Shan Wei Chang; Che Wei Chang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Synthesis and structures of new niobium cluster compounds with pyridinium cations: (PyrH){sub 2}[Nb{sub 6}Cl{sub 18}].EtOH (Pyr: pyridine, Et: ethyl) and the cubic modification of (PyrH){sub 2}[Nb{sub 6}Cl{sub 18}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Slow crystallization of (PyrH){sub 2}[Nb{sub 6}Cl{sub 18}] from hot ethanol solution affords triclinic (PyrH){sub 2}[Nb{sub 6}Cl{sub 18}].EtOH. Treatment of [Nb{sub 6}Cl{sub 14}(H{sub 2}O){sub 4}].4H{sub 2}O with pyridine in a methanol solution gives the second title compound, the cubic modification of (PyrH){sub 2}[Nb{sub 6}Cl{sub 18}]. Both structures were determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction, (PyrH){sub 2}[Nb{sub 6}Cl{sub 18}].EtOH: P1-bar , a=9.3475(3), b=9.3957(3), c=10.8600(3) A, {alpha}=82.582(1){sup o}, {beta}=78.608(1){sup o}, and {gamma}=78.085(1){sup o}, Z=1, R{sub 1}(F)/wR{sub 2}(F{sup 2})=0.0254/0.0573, cub.-(PyrH){sub 2}[Nb{sub 6}Cl{sub 18}]: Fd3-bar m, a=19.935(2) A, Z=8, R{sub 1}(F)/wR{sub 2}(F{sup 2})=0.0557/0.1796. The cluster compounds contain isolated, molecular [Nb{sub 6}Cl{sup i}{sub 12}Cl{sup a}{sub 6}]{sup 2-} cluster anions with an octahedron of metal atoms edge bridged by chlorido ligands with additional ones on all the six exo positions. These cluster anions are separated by the pyridinium cations and ethanol solvent molecules, respectively. For the cubic modification of (PyrH){sub 2}[Nb{sub 6}Cl{sub 18}], a structural comparison is given to the known rhombohedral modification using the group-subgroup relations as expressed by a Baernighausen tree. - Graphical abstract: The synthesis and structure of a second cubic modification of (PyrH){sub 2}[Nb{sub 6}Cl{sub 18}] and of the new (PyrH){sub 2}[Nb{sub 6}Cl{sub 18}].EtOH are reported, both of which contain isolated niobium halide cluster anions with an octahedral core of metal atoms.

Flemming, Anke; Hoppe, Alessandra [Institut fuer Chemie, Abteilung Anorganische Chemie/Festkoerperchemie, Universitaet Rostock, Albert-Einstein-Str. 3a, Rostock D-18059 (Germany); Koeckerling, Martin [Institut fuer Chemie, Abteilung Anorganische Chemie/Festkoerperchemie, Universitaet Rostock, Albert-Einstein-Str. 3a, Rostock D-18059 (Germany)], E-mail: Martin.Koeckerling@uni-rostock.de

2008-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

358

Feasibility study of a 6V-92TA homogeneous auto-ignited two-stroke (HAT) compressed-natural-gas-engine. Topical report, August 1989-May 1990  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of the project was to modify a two-stroke 6V-92TA diesel engine to operate on natural gas using a simple system with gas addition to the compressor inlet and a spark plug for cold start and non-autoignition engine operation. The engine was to be operated at most speed-load conditions by autoignition of the premixed gas-air mixture. This concept is referred to as the Homogeneous Auto-Ignited Two-Stroke (HAT). Autoignition of carbureted natural gas was achieved at various loads and speeds in a 6V-92TA engine modified for operating on natural gas with the HAT concept. However, HAT engine operation up to 277 hp at 2100 rpm (diesel coach rating) was not achieved because early ignition in some cylinders caused knock and excessive heat transfer. Instead, the engine was operated up to 226 hp (767 N.m) at 2100 rpm, 181 hp (780 N.m) at 1650 rpm, 130 hp (773 N.m) at 1200 rpm, and 34 hp (368 N.m) at 650 rpm. Maximum brake thermal efficiency measured was 33.4% at 2100 rpm/219 hp. The corrected efficiency (to compensate for the unburned natural gas lost during the scavenging process) was higher than this. Steady-state emissions show very low NOx, total unburned HC lower than expected and reasonable CO levels. The lean air-fuel mixture and unburned exhaust gases in the cylinder resulted in very low NOx emissions.

Kakwani, R.M.; Winsor, R.E.

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

HUMAN MACHINE INTERFACE (HMI) EVALUATION OF ROOMS TA-50-1-60/60A AT THE RADIOACTIVE LIQUID WASTE TREATMENT FACILITY (RLWTF)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This effort addressed an evaluation of human machine interfaces (HMIs) in Room TA-50-1-60/60A of the Radioactive Liquid Waste Treatment Facility (RLWTF). The evaluation was performed in accordance with guidance outlined in DOE-STD-3009, DOE Standard Preparation Guide for U.S. Department of Energy Nonreactor Nuclear Facility Documented Safety Analyses, 2006 [DOE 2006]. Specifically, Chapter 13 of DOE 2006 highlights the 10 CFR 830, Nuclear Safety Management, 2012, [CFR 2012] and DOE G 421.1-2 [DOE 2001a] requirements as they relate to the human factors process and, in this case, the safety of the RLWTF. The RLWTF is a Hazard Category 3 facility and, consequently, does not have safety-class (SSCs). However, safety-significant SSCs are identified. The transuranic (TRU) wastewater tanks and associated piping are the only safety-significant SSCs in Rooms TA-50-1-60/60A [LANL 2010]. Hence, the human factors evaluation described herein is only applicable to this particular assemblage of tanks and piping.

Gilmore, Walter E. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Stender, Kerith K. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

360

Experimental and theoretical studies on the C15 intermetallic compounds MV{sub 2} (M = Zr, Hf and Ta): Elasticity and phase stability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The phase stability of C15 HfV{sub 2} was studied by specific heat measurements. The elastic constants of C15 HfV{sub 2} were measured by the resonant ultrasound spectroscopy. Total energy and electronic structure of C15 intermetallic compounds MV{sub 2} (M = Zr, Hf and Ta) were calculated using the linear muffin tin orbital (LMTO) method. The band structures at X-point near the Fermi level were used to understand the anomalous shear moduli of the C15 HfV{sub 2} and ZrV{sub 2}. It was found that the double degeneracy with a linear dispersion relation of electronic levels at the x-point near the Fermi surface is mainly responsible for the C15 anomalous elasticity at high temperatures. The densities of states at Fermi level and the geometry of the Fermi surface were used to explain the low temperature phase instability of C15 HfV{sub 2} and ZrV{sub 2} and the stability of C15 TaV{sub 2}. The relationship between the anomalous elasticity and structural instability of C15 HfV{sub 2} and ZrV{sub 2} were also studied.

Chu, F.; Mitchell, T.E.; Chen, S.P. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Sob, M.; Siegl, R.; Pope, D.P. [Univ. of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

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361

Neutrons from multiplicity-selected La-La and Nb-Nb collisions at 400A MeV and La-La collisions at 250A MeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Triple-differential cross sections for neutrons from high-multiplicity La-La collisions at 250 and 400 MeV per nucleon and Nb-Nb collisions at 400 MeV per nucleon were measured at several polar angles as a function of the azimuthal angle with respect to the reaction plane of the collision. The reaction plane was determined by a transverse-velocity method with the capability of identifying charged-particles with Z=1, Z=2, and Z > 2. The flow of neutrons was extracted from the slope at mid-rapidity of the curve of the average in-plane momentum vs the center-of-mass rapidity. The squeeze-out of the participant neutrons was observed in a direction normal to the reaction plane in the normalized momentum coordinates in the center-of-mass system. Experimental results of the neutron squeeze-out were compared with BUU calculations. The polar-angle dependence of the maximum azimuthal anisotropy ratio $r(\\theta)$ was found to be insensitive to the mass of the colliding nuclei and the beam energy. Comparison of the observed polar-angle dependence of the maximum azimuthal anisotropy ratio $r(\\theta)$ with BUU calculations for free neutrons revealed that $r(\\theta)$ is insensitive also to the incompressibility modulus in the nuclear equation of state.

M. M. Htun; R. Madey; W. M. Zhang; M. Elaasar; D. Keane; B. D. Anderson; A. R. Baldwin; J. Jiang; A. Scott; Y. Shao; J. W. Watson; K. Frankel; L. Heilbronn; G. Krebs; M. A. McMahan; W. Rathbun; J. Schambach; G. D. Westfall; S. Yennello; C. Gale; J. Zhang; .

1998-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

362

Data:67b3af7f-b8a0-4b71-9fc0-58db05119db1 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

7b3af7f-b8a0-4b71-9fc0-58db05119db1 7b3af7f-b8a0-4b71-9fc0-58db05119db1 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Sulphur Springs Valley E C Inc Effective date: 2013/03/18 End date if known: Rate name: Street Lighting: 150 Watt HPS - Single/Wood Sector: Lighting Description: Cooperative provided Facilities and Cooperative Owned and Maintained Lighting Service. Source or reference: http://www.ssvec.org/wp-content/uploads/downloads/2013/03/SSVEC-Rates-03.18.13.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh):

363

The influence of microstructure on magnetic properties of nanocrystalline Fe-Pt-Nb-B permanent magnet ribbons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A FePt-based hard-magnetic nanocomposite of exchange spring type was prepared by isothermal annealing of melt-spun Fe{sub 52}Pt{sub 28}Nb{sub 2}B{sub 18} (atomic percent) ribbons. The relationship between microstructure and magnetic properties was investigated by qualitative and quantitative structural analysis based on the x-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, and {sup 57}Fe Moessbauer spectrometry on one hand and the superconducting quantum interference device magnetometry on the other hand. The microstructure consists of L1{sub 0}-FePt hard-magnetic grains (15-45 nm in diameter) dispersed in a soft magnetic medium composed by A1 FePt, Fe{sub 2}B, and boron-rich (FeB)PtNb remainder phase. The ribbons annealed at 700 deg. C for 1 h exhibit promising hard-magnetic properties at room temperature: M{sub r}/M{sub s}=0.69; H{sub c}=820 kA/m and (BH){sub max}=70 kJ/m{sup 3}. Strong exchange coupling between hard and soft magnetic phases was demonstrated by a smooth demagnetizing curve and positive {delta}M-peak in the Henkel plot. The magnetic properties measured from 5 to 750 K reveals that the hard characteristics remains rather stable up to 550 K, indicating a good prospect for the use of these permanent magnets in a wide temperature range.

Randrianantoandro, N.; Greneche, J. M. [Laboratoire de Physique de l'Etat Condense, UMR CNRS 6087, Universite du Maine, 72085 Le Mans cedex 9 (France); Crisan, A. D. [Laboratoire de Physique de l'Etat Condense, UMR CNRS 6087, Universite du Maine, 72085 Le Mans cedex 9 (France); National Institute for Materials Physics, P.O. Box MG-7, 76900 Bucharest (Romania); Crisan, O. [National Institute for Materials Physics, P.O. Box MG-7, 76900 Bucharest (Romania); Marcin, J.; Kovac, J.; Hanko, J.; Skorvanek, I. [Institute of Experimental Physics, Slovak Academy of Sciences, 043 53 Kosice (Slovakia); Svec, P. [Institute of Physics, SAS, Dubravska cesta 9, 84228 Bratislava (Slovakia); Chrobak, A. [August Chelkowski Institute of Physics, University of Silesia, 40-007 Katowice (Poland)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

364

Data:6714525e-0739-4485-9407-c879d4637db2 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

525e-0739-4485-9407-c879d4637db2 525e-0739-4485-9407-c879d4637db2 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Wake Electric Membership Corp Effective date: 2013/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: Street Lighting - 9500 Lumen HPS - 2 Meters - Post-Top Carriage Fixture Sector: Lighting Description: Available in residential subdivisions with provisions filed in the deed or restrictive covenants of individual lot owners empowering Wake EMC to install and maintain street lighting and to bill individual members their pro-rata share of the lighting cost. Not available to supply service for the lighting of parking lots, shopping centers, other public or commercial areas within the residential subdivisions or areas not specifically provided for by the provisions herein.

365

Data:8db70175-b185-457b-9983-da1862919017 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

db70175-b185-457b-9983-da1862919017 db70175-b185-457b-9983-da1862919017 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Haywood Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2012/06/01 End date if known: Rate name: 12 Small General Time of Day Service Single Phase Sector: Commercial Description: AVAILABILITY At the option of the Cooperative, this schedule is only available on a voluntary and limited basis. This rate shall be limited to the availability of appropriate meters and will be limited further by the saturation and/or impact on the Cooperative's electric system of members utilizing this rate schedule in a general area. APPLICABILITY Service under this schedule is applicable to members with single-phase or three-phase service who are otherwise billed on the Cooperative's Small General Service rate schedules (Schedules 10, 11, or 14) who have established an average monthly energy use of 1,200 kWh. TYPE OF SERVICE The type of service available under this schedule shall be single-phase, 60 cycles, at 120/240 volts, and where available, three-phase at this and other secondary voltages. All motors must be of types approved by the Cooperative, with minimum starting current and with controlling devices where necessary.

366

Data:B9d1e634-097c-4dba-9491-2cf368c35db3 | Open Energy Information  

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1-2cf368c35db3 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information...

367

Data:C7c0695f-c741-4e2b-b19b-db0968692686 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

41-4e2b-b19b-db0968692686 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic...

368

6/11/13 Print Article: Diploma done, mom's next dream: Doctor www.ocregister.com/common/printer/view.php?db=ocregister&id=512074 1/3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

6/11/13 Print Article: Diploma done, mom's next dream: Doctor www.ocregister.com/common/printer/view.php: Diploma done, mom's next dream: Doctor www.ocregister.com/common/printer/view.php?db=ocregister&id=512074

Barrett, Jeffrey A.

369

Critical current densities and magnetic hysteresis losses in submicron filament bronze-processed Sb,Sn wires  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports on submicron filament bronze-processed multifilamentary Nb{sub 3}Sn wires with Cu-5at%Sn matrix and Nb or Nb alloy cores. The Nb alloy cores contained each of 1at%Zr, Ti, Hf or Ta. Among the peripheral Cu stabilizer type wires, the Nb-1Ta core wire showed the highest non Cu area critical current density Jc of 3 {times} 10{sup 4} A/cm{sup 2} at 12 T after an optimum heat treatment, in spite of its relatively low Sn concentration in the matrix. The deformation of Nb cores into ribbon like shapes was apparently suppressed by the 1 at% addition of Ti, Hf or Ta. The values of Jc per unit magnetic hysteresis loss for the Ti, Hf and Ta alloyed Nb core wires have been evaluated to be higher than that for the pure Nb core wire.

Kamata, K.; Sakai, S. (Hitachi Cable, Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)); Tachikawa, K.; Taniquchi, T.; Ajioka, T. (Tokai Univ., 1117 Kitakaname, Hiratuka-shi, Kanagawa-ken 259-12 (JP)); Hatakeyama, H. (Engineering Research Association for Superconductive Generation Equipment and Materials, Umeda UN Bldg., 5-14-10 Nishitenma, Kita-ku, Osaka-shi 530 (JP))

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Performance of a hybrid pyroelectric LiNbO{sub 3} and TiO{sub 2} nanotubes X-ray source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Effects of crystal length and temperature on performance and degradation properties of LiNbO{sub 3}/TiO{sub 2} pyroelectric/nanotube X-ray source were studied. Such hybrid LiNbO{sub 3}/TiO{sub 2} X-ray source was fabricated by bonding electrochemically grown TiO{sub 2} nanotubes on ?z face of pyroelectric LiNbO{sub 3} crystal. In particular, it was found that maximum accelerated electron energy increased with height for both pure and hybrid LiNbO{sub 3}/TiO{sub 2} system for both heating and cooling cycles. For example, for 2 cm long hybrid structure the resulting maximum energy during heating cycle was 97 keV as compared to 74 keV for 1 cm long structure. The maximum energy for the pure sample without nanotubes increased from 45 keV to 66 keV. Increased endpoint energy of nanotube based X-ray source is attributed to electric field amplification on nanotube tips increasing the efficiency of residual gas ionization, leading to improved charge carrier transmission efficiency. The degradation properties were studied by performing multiple thermal cycles and results revealed that cluster nanotips erode over time. After 20 cycles they become flat as was evidenced from scanning electron microscope analysis.

Alivov, Yahya; Molloi, Sabee [Department of Radiological Sciences, University of California, Irvine, California 92697 (United States)] [Department of Radiological Sciences, University of California, Irvine, California 92697 (United States)

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

371

MECHANISM OF THE PHASE CHANGE IN PbK2LiNb5O15: Dielectric, structural, and Raman scattering studies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

unambiguously that the phase change in this material occurs between P4/mbm and Pba2 space groups, in goodMECHANISM OF THE PHASE CHANGE IN PbK2LiNb5O15: Dielectric, structural, and Raman scattering studies and ferroelectric phases and a complex structural change between them. High and low temperature phases

Boyer, Edmond

372

Rapid activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase and p21ras by prolactin and interleukin 2 in rat Nb2 node lymphoma cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...supports a pivotal role for MAP 31 kinase in the regulation ofgrowth processes (20, 21, 26, 31, 36). In the present study, we investigated...receptor: a 62 kd protein in Nb2 lymphoma cells. Proc. 77th Annu. Mtg. Endocr. Soc., 291, 1995.

YP Rao; DJ Buckley; and AR Buckley

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Synthesis and characterization of rare-earth doped SrBi{sub 2}Nb{sub 2}O{sub 9} phase in lithium borate based nanocrystallized glasses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Glass composites comprising of un-doped and samarium-doped SrBi{sub 2}Nb{sub 2}O{sub 9} nanocrystallites are fabricated in the glass system 16.66SrO-16.66[(1-x)Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3}-xSm{sub 2}O{sub 3}]-16.66Nb{sub 2}O{sub 5}-50Li{sub 2}B{sub 4}O{sub 7} (0<=x<=0.5, in mol%) via the melt quenching technique. The glassy nature of the as-quenched samples is established by differential thermal analyses. Transmission electron microscopic studies reveal the presence of about 15 nm sized spherical crystallites of the fluorite-like SrBi{sub 1.9}Sm{sub 0.1}Nb{sub 2}O{sub 9} phase in the samples heat treated at 530 deg. C. The formation of layered perovskite-type un-doped and samarium-doped SrBi{sub 2}Nb{sub 2}O{sub 9} nanocrystallites with an orthorhombic structure through the intermediate fluorite phase is confirmed by X-ray powder diffraction and micro-Raman spectroscopic studies. The influence of samarium doping on the lattice parameters, lattice distortions, and the Raman peak positions of SrBi{sub 2}Nb{sub 2}O{sub 9} perovskite phase is clarified. The dielectric constants of the perovskite SrBi{sub 2}Nb{sub 2}O{sub 9} and SrBi{sub 1.9}Sm{sub 0.1}Nb{sub 2}O{sub 9} nanocrystals are relatively larger than those of the corresponding fluorite-like phase and the precursor glass. - Graphical Abstract: This figure shows the XRD patterns at room temperature for the as-quenched and heat treated samples in Sm{sub 2}O{sub 3}-doped (x=0.1) glass. Based on these results, it is concluded that the formation of samarium-doped perovskite SBN phase takes place via an intermediate fluorite-like phase in the crystallization of this glass.

Harihara Venkataraman, B. [Department of Materials Science and Technology, Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1 Kamitomioka-cho, Nagaoka 940-2188 (Japan); Fujiwara, Takumi [Department of Applied Physics, Graduate School of Engineering, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8579 (Japan); Komatsu, Takayuki, E-mail: komatsu@mst.nagaokaut.ac.j [Department of Materials Science and Technology, Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1 Kamitomioka-cho, Nagaoka 940-2188 (Japan)

2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

374

Emissions and engine performance from blends of soya and canola methyl esters with ARB {number_sign}2 diesel in a DCC 6V92TA MUI engine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A Detroit Diesel 6V92TA MUI engine was operated on several blends of EPA No. 2 diesel, California ARB No. 2 diesel, soya methyl ester (SME) and canola methyl ester (CME). Various fuels and fuel blend characteristics were determined and engine emissions from these fuels and blends were compared. Increasing percentages of SME and CME blended with either ARB or EPA diesels led to increased emissions of NO{sub x}, CO{sub 2} and soluble particulate matter. Also noted were reductions in total hydrocarbons, CO and insoluble particulate matter. Chassis dynamometer tests conducted on a 20/80 SME/ARB blend showed similar emissions trends. The data suggest that certain methyl ester/No. 2 diesel blends in conjunction with delays in engine timing and technologies that reduce the soluble fraction of particulate emissions merit further exploration as emissions reducing fuel options for North American mass transits (except in California, which mandates ARB diesel).

Spataru, A.; Romig, C.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

375

Emissions and engine performance from blends of soya and canola methyl esters with ARB No. 2 diesel in a DDC 6V92TA MUI engine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A Detroit Diesel 6V92TA MUI engine was operated on several blends of EPA No. 2 diesel, soya methyl ester (SME) and canola methyl ester (CME). Various fuels and fuel blend characteristics were determined and engine emissions from these fuels and blends were compared. Increasing percentages of SME and CME blended with either ARB or EPA diesels led to increased emissions of NO{sub x}, CO{sub 2} and soluble particulate matter. Also noted were reductions in total hydrocarbons, CO and insoluble particulate matter. Chassis dynamometer tests conducted on a 20/80 SME/ARB blend showed similar emission trends. The data suggest that certain methyl ester/No. 2 diesel blends in conjunction with technologies that reduce the soluble fraction of particulate emissions merit further exploration as emissions reducing fuel options for North American mass transit sectors (except California, which mandates ARB diesel).

Spataru, A.; Romig, C. [ADEPT Group, Inc., Los Angeles, CA (United States)

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Optical breakdown threshold in nanosecond high repetition second harmonic generation by periodically poled Mg-doped LiTaO{sub 3} crystal  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Our study shows that a local temperature increase of ?1 K in the crystal lattice caused by second harmonic generation (SHG) and two-photon absorption of 532 nm radiation at the rear of periodically poled stoichiometric LiTaO{sub 3} crystal by changing spontaneous polarization induces a pyroelectric field ?10 kV/cm, accelerating free electrons to an energy of ?10 eV, followed by optical breakdown and crystal damage. Theoretical analysis leads to an explicit expression for the threshold laser fluence of optical breakdown giving ?1.2 J/cm{sup 2} for 1064 nm input radiation in 6.8 kHz pulsed SHG operation, agreeing well with the experimentally found value ?1.32 J/cm{sup 2}.

Louchev, Oleg A.; Wada, Satoshi [Center for Advanced Photonics, RIKEN, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan)] [Center for Advanced Photonics, RIKEN, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan); Hatano, Hideki; Kitamura, Kenji [Division of Environment and Energy Materials, National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS) 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan)] [Division of Environment and Energy Materials, National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS) 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan)

2013-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

377

Neutron capture cross sections of /sup 178/,/sup 179/,/sup 180/Hf and the origin of nature's rarest stable isotope /sup 180/Ta  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The neutron capture cross sections of /sup 178/,/sup 179/,/sup 180/Hf were measured in the energy range 2.6 keV to 2 MeV. The average capture cross sections were derived and fitted in terms of strength functions. Resonance parameters for the observed resonances below 10 keV were determined by shape analysis. Maxwellian-averaged capture cross sections were computed for thermal energies with kT between 5 and 100 keV. The cross sections for kT = 30 keV were used to determine the population probability of the 8- isomeric level in /sup 180/Hf by neutron capture as (1.24 +- 0.06)% and the r-process abundance of /sup 180/Hf as 0.0290 (Si = 10/sup 6/). These quantities served to analyze s- and r-process nucleosynthesis of /sup 180/Ta, nature's rarest stable isotope.

Beer, H.; Macklin, R.L.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Magnetization dynamics and interface studies in ion-beam sputtered Si/CoFeB(8)/MgO(4)/CoFeB(8)/Ta(5) structures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The interface roughness, Boron distribution in bulk CoFeB and at interface, Gilbert damping constant (?), and inhomogeneous broadening in ion-beam sputtered Si/CoFeB(8)/MgO(4)/CoFeB(8)/Ta(5) structures are found to be sensitive to the MgO growth process. The ion-assist and reactive growth processes that result in sharper interfaces of width ?0.5?nm lead to smaller ? of 0.0050?±?0.0003 and 0.0060?±?0.0002 and inhomogeneous broadening ?H{sub 0} of 3?±?0.3 and 1?±?0.3?Oe, respectively. On the other hand, the post-oxidation method results in rough interface and higher retention of Boron in CoFeB leading to higher values for ? and ?H{sub 0} as 0.0080?±?0.0006 and 5?±?0.3?Oe, respectively.

Raju, M.; Behera, Nilamani; Pandya, Dinesh K., E-mail: dkpandya@physics.iitd.ac.in; Chaudhary, Sujeet [Thin Film Laboratory, Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi 110016 (India)

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

379

Novel chemically stable Ba3Ca1.18Nb1.82-xYxO9- proton conductor: improved proton conductivity through tailored cation ordering  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Simple perovskite-structured proton conductors encounter significant challenges to simultaneously achieving excellent chemical stability and proton conductivity that are desirable for many important applications in energy conversion and storage. This work demonstrates that Y-doped complex-perovskite-structured Ba3Ca1.18Nb1.82 xYxO9 materials possess both improved proton conductivity and exceptional chemical stability. Neutron powder diffraction refinement revealed a Fm3 m perovskite-structure and increased oxygen vacancy concentration due to the Y doping. High-resolution TEM analysis confirmed the perturbation of the B site cation ordering in the structure for the Ba3Ca1.18Nb1.82 xYxO9 materials. Such combined effects led to improved proton conductivity with a value of 5.3 10 3 S cm 1 at 600 C for Ba3Ca1.18Nb1.52Y0.3O9 (BCNY0.3), a value 2.4 times higher compared with that of the undoped Ba3Ca1.18Nb1.82O9 . The Ba3Ca1.18Nb1.82 xYxO9 materials showed remarkable chemical stability toward water and demonstrated no observable reactions to CO2 exposure. Ionic transport number studies showed that BCNY0.3 had predominantly proton conduction below 600 C. Solid oxide fuel cells using BCNY0.3 as an electrolyte demonstrated cell power output of 103 mW cm 2 at 750 C. These results suggest that a doping strategy that tailors the cation ordering in complex perovskites provides a new direction in the search for novel proton conducting ceramics.

Wang, Siwei [University of South Carolina, Columbia] [University of South Carolina, Columbia; Chen, Yan [ORNL] [ORNL; Fang, Shumin [University of South Carolina, Columbia] [University of South Carolina, Columbia; Zhang, Lingling [University of South Carolina, Columbia] [University of South Carolina, Columbia; Tang, Ming [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL)] [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); An, Ke [ORNL] [ORNL; Brinkman, Dr. Kyle S. [Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL), Aiken, S.C.] [Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL), Aiken, S.C.; Chen, Fanglin [University of South Carolina, Columbia] [University of South Carolina, Columbia

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

C O N TA C T > Lee Ann Ciarlette | 630.252.4835 | leeann@anl.gov | Nuclear Engineering Division | students.ne.anl.gov Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Lemont, IL 60439 November 2012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

C O N TA C T > Lee Ann Ciarlette | 630.252.4835 | leeann@anl.gov | Nuclear Engineering Division | students.ne.anl.gov Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Lemont, IL 60439 November 2012 The Nuclear Engineering Division has hosted students from: Aalto University (Finland) · Auburn University

Kemner, Ken

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381

Waveguide integrated low noise NbTiN nanowire single-photon detectors with milli-Hz dark count rate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors are an ideal match for integrated quantum photonic circuits due to their high detection efficiency for telecom wavelength photons. Quantum optical technology also requires single-photon detection with low dark count rate and high timing accuracy. Here we present very low noise superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors based on NbTiN thin films patterned directly on top of Si3N4 waveguides. We systematically investigate a large variety of detector designs and characterize their detection noise performance. Milli-Hz dark count rates are demonstrated over the entire operating range of the nanowire detectors which also feature low timing jitter. The ultra-low dark count rate, in combination with the high detection efficiency inherent to our traveling wave detector geometry, gives rise to a measured noise equivalent power at the 10^(-20) W/Hz^(1/2) level.

Carsten Schuck; Wolfram H. P. Pernice; Hong X. Tang

2013-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

382

Test Results of HD2, A High Field Nb3Sn Dipole with A 36 MM Bore  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Superconducting Magnet Program at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) has developed the 1 m long Nb{sub 3}Sn dipole magnet HD2. With tilted (flared) ends to avoid obstructing a 36 mm clear bore, HD2 represents a step towards the use of block-type coils in high-field accelerator magnets. The coil design has been optimized to minimize geometric harmonics and reduce the conductor peak field in the end region, resulting in an expected short sample dipole field of 15 T. The support structure is composed by an external aluminum shell pre-tensioned with pressurized bladders and interference keys, and by two stainless steel end plates compressing the coil ends through four aluminum axial rods. We report on magnet design, assembly, and test results, including training performance, quench locations, and strain gauge measurements.

Ferracin, Paolo

2008-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

383

Steady State Heat Deposits Modeling in the Nb3Sn Quadrupole Magnets for the Upgrade of the LHC Inner Triplet  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In hadron colliders such as the LHC, the energy deposited in the superconductors by the particles lost from the beams or coming from the collision debris may provoke quenches detrimental to the accelerator operation. In previous papers, a Network Model has been used to study the thermodynamic behavior of magnet coils and to calculate the quench levels in the LHC magnets for expected beam loss profiles. This model was subsequently used for thermal analysis and design optimization of Nb{sub 3}Sn quadrupole magnets, which LARP (US LHC Accelerator Research Program) is developing for possible use in the LHC luminosity upgrade. For these new magnets, the heat transport efficiency from the coil to the helium bath needs to be determined and optimized. In this paper the study of helium cooling channels and the heat evacuation scheme are presented and discussed.

Bocian, D.; Ambrosio, G.; Felice, H.; Barzi, E.; Bossert, R.; Caspi, S.; Chlachidze, G.; Dietderich, D.; Feher, S.; Ferracin, P.; Hafalia, R.; /Fermilab /Lawrence Berkeley Lab /Brookhaven

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

ASSEMBLY AND TEST OF A 120 MM BORE 15 T NB3SN QUADRUPOLE FOR THE LHC UPGRADE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In support of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) luminosity upgrade, the US LHC Accelerator Research Program (LARP) has been developing a 1-meter long, 120 mm bore Nb{sub 3}Sn IR quadrupole magnet (HQ). With a design short sample gradient of 219 T/m at 1.9 K and a peak field approaching 15 T, one of the main challenges of this magnet is to provide appropriate mechanical support to the coils. Compared to the previous LARP Technology Quadrupole and Long Quadrupole magnets, the purpose of HQ is also to demonstrate accelerator quality features such as alignment and cooling. So far, 8 HQ coils have been fabricated and 4 of them have been assembled and tested in HQ01a. This paper presents the mechanical assembly and test results of HQ01a.

Felice, H.; Caspi, S.; Cheng, D.; Dietderich, D.; Ferracin, P.; Hafalia, R.; Joseph, J.; Lizarazo, J.; Sabbi, G. L.; Wang, X.; Anerella, M.; Ghosh, A. K.; Schmalzle, J.; Wanderer, P.; Ambrosio, G.; Bossert, R.; Zlobin, A. V.

2010-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

385

Foundations for quantitative microstructural models to track evolution of the metallurgical state during high purity Nb cavity fabrication  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of the Materials Science SRF Cavity Group of Michigan State University and the National Superconducting Cyclotron has been (and continues to be) to understand quantitatively the effects of process history on functional properties. These relationships were assessed via studies on Nb samples and cavity parts, which had various combinations of forming processes, welding, heat treatments, and surface preparation. A primary focus was on large-grain cavity building strategies. Effects of processing operations and exposure to hydrogen on the thermal conductivity has been identified in single and bi-crystal samples, showing that the thermal conductivity can be altered by a factor of 5 depending on process history. Characterization of single crystal tensile samples show a strong effect of crystal orientation on deformation resistance and shape changes. Large grain half cells were examined to characterize defect content and surface damage effects, which provided quantitative information about the depth damage layers from forming.

Bieler, Thomas R [Michigan State University; Wright, Neil T [Michigan State University; Compton, Chris C [Facility for Rare Isotope Beams

2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

386

Effect of pre-treatment of the substrate surface by energetic C+ ion bombardment on structure and nano-tribological characteristics of ultra-thin tetrahedral amorphous carbon (ta-C) protective coatings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Depositing an ultra-thin tetrahedral amorphous carbon (ta-C) protective coating on the surface of the recording heads in magnetic tape drives can improve the tribological problems at the head/tape interface. In this work the effect of pre-treatment of the surface of AlTiC substrate (main bearing surface of head in contact with tape) by C+ ions of moderate energy (smaller than 400?eV) on the structural and tribo-mechanical behaviours of the coated surfaces is studied. Sample preparation consisted of two separate stages of surface pre-treatment and deposition of the protective film, and was done by means of filtered cathodic vacuum arc. Structure of the ta-C film and its interface with the substrate were studied by transmission electron microscopy and time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry depth profiling. The results revealed the formation of a broader, dense atomically mixed layer at the ta-C film–substrate interface of the pre-treated samples comparing with that of the samples without pre-treatment. Chemical characterization of thin diamond-like carbon coatings was conducted by means of x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and the surface pre-treatment was found to have a remarkable effect on increasing the sp3 hybridization fraction in the ta-C overcoat. Nano-tribological properties of the treated surfaces were examined using ball-on-flat wear test at very low load (20?mN). There was a good correlation between the surface and structure characteristics of the film, and the tribological results and the pre-treated surfaces presented a very low coefficient of friction and higher wear life. The experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness of bombardment of the surface with C+ ions of moderate ion energy to improve the structural and tribo-mechanical properties of the protective ta-C films on the magnetic head substrate material.

E Rismani; S K Sinha; S Tripathy; H Yang; C S Bhatia

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Public Access to FUSRAP Elimination Reports. " D.B. Diggin, HR-83  

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'EM-421 ' ' 'EM-421 ' ' ,y:. .: Public Access to FUSRAP Elimination Reports. " D.B. Diggin, HR-83 !I am attaching reports for the evaluation and elimination of a from the Department's Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action .(FUSRAP). Please enter this material into the Public Reading Forrestal Building. This process completes FUSRAP activitjes facilities. Our protocol requires that these records be avail Public Reading Room for at least 3'years; however, if possible retained for five years.' This package contains information supporting the elimination a facilities: ALCOA Sites New Kensington; Pennsylvania ,' former New Jersey Zinc Storage Site ". Palmerton, Pennsylvania former NcKinney Tool & Hanufacturing~Co: "Cleveland, 0hi-o If you have any questions concerning this material, please COI

388

Phase relations of the Li{sub 2}O-Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5}-B{sub 2}O{sub 3} and Li{sub 2}O-WO{sub 3}-B{sub 2}O{sub 3} systems and promising nonlinear optical compounds in K{sub 2}O-Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5}-B{sub 2}O{sub 3} system  

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The subsolidus phase equilibria of the Li{sub 2}O-Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5}-B{sub 2}O{sub 3}, K{sub 2}O-Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5}-B{sub 2}O{sub 3} and Li{sub 2}O-WO{sub 3}-B{sub 2}O{sub 3} systems have been investigated mainly by means of the powder X-ray diffraction method. Two ternary compounds, KTaB{sub 2}O{sub 6} and K{sub 3}Ta{sub 3}B{sub 2}O{sub 12} were confirmed in the system K{sub 2}O-Ta{sub 2}O{sub 5}-B{sub 2}O{sub 3}. Crystal structure of compound KTaB{sub 2}O{sub 6} has been refined from X-ray powder diffraction data using the Rietveld method. The compound crystallizes in the orthorhombic, space group Pmn2{sub 1} (No. 31), with lattice parameters a = 7.3253(4) A, b = 3.8402(2) A, c = 9.3040(5) A, z = 2 and D{sub calc} = 4.283 g/cm{sup 3}. The powder second harmonic generation (SHG) coefficients of KTaB{sub 2}O{sub 6} and K{sub 3}Ta{sub 3}B{sub 2}O{sub 12} were five times and two times as large as that of KH{sub 2}PO{sub 4} (KDP), respectively.

Cai Gemei; Wang, W.Y.; Li, M. [Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 603, Beijing 100080 (China); Lou, Y.F. [Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 603, Beijing 100080 (China); Center of Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, School of Sciences, Beihang University, Beijing 100083 (China); Sun, Y.P. [Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 603, Beijing 100080 (China); Chen, X.L. [Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 603, Beijing 100080 (China)], E-mail: chenx29@aphy.iphy.ac.cn

2009-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

389

Data:Fd81db12-b011-4905-8378-95090a961d66 | Open Energy Information  

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db12-b011-4905-8378-95090a961d66 db12-b011-4905-8378-95090a961d66 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Richland, Washington (Utility Company) Effective date: 2013/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule 31: Large Industrial Sector: Industrial Description: A. Availability: In all territory served by the City's electric utility. B. Applicability: To all non-residential uses supplied through a single meter having anticipated monthly maximum demands exceeding five thousand (5,000) kW and not eligible for service under other rate schedules. C. Character of Service: Sixty (60) hertz alternating current of such phase and voltage as the electric utility may have available.

390

Data:757aa47c-aadb-463d-b485-49014117daf1 | Open Energy Information  

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7c-aadb-463d-b485-49014117daf1 7c-aadb-463d-b485-49014117daf1 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Hawkeye Tri-County El Coop Inc Effective date: 2012/06/01 End date if known: Rate name: Single Phase Sector: Residential Description: Source or reference: http://www.hawkeyerec.com/downloads/Rates_and_Fees.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous

391

Data:3bc039db-9214-4299-8357-b5087a18a482 | Open Energy Information  

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db-9214-4299-8357-b5087a18a482 db-9214-4299-8357-b5087a18a482 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Story City, Iowa (Utility Company) Effective date: 2004/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Mercury Vapor - 175 Watt Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: Ted Binder 1 Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

392

Data:23094a41-b5ae-46fb-953a-8559db175625 | Open Energy Information  

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94a41-b5ae-46fb-953a-8559db175625 94a41-b5ae-46fb-953a-8559db175625 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Mt Carmel Public Utility Co Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Rider F- Economic Development Sector: Description: Applicable to Large Light and Power service and Light and Power service AVAILABILITY Available upon application for any customer served under Large Light and Power Service or Light and Power service rate of this schedule who demonstrates an incremental load which meets the requirements *of this Rider. This Rider will be available to approved applicants prior to July 1, 2002.

393

Data:69a5335e-8db2-4766-8063-d177c72a6232 | Open Energy Information  

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e-8db2-4766-8063-d177c72a6232 e-8db2-4766-8063-d177c72a6232 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Borough of Chambersburg, Pennsylvania (Utility Company) Effective date: 2004/05/03 End date if known: Rate name: Area Lighting Rate- Customer Installed (150W) Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2

394

Data:7e353960-56ca-439d-b927-568850539e45 | Open Energy Information  

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60-56ca-439d-b927-568850539e45 60-56ca-439d-b927-568850539e45 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Waseca, Minnesota (Utility Company) Effective date: 2010/02/15 End date if known: Rate name: Residential service rate Sector: Residential Description: Residential electric, electric heat Source or reference: http://www.ci.waseca.mn.us/Finance%20Department/Documents/waseca_utility_rates_2010.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V):

395

Data:Ced86dcc-524e-4c97-b136-9567226db968 | Open Energy Information  

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Ced86dcc-524e-4c97-b136-9567226db968 Ced86dcc-524e-4c97-b136-9567226db968 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Town of Mansfield, Massachusetts (Utility Company) Effective date: 2008/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: GENERAL SERVICE POWER RATE Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: https://www.mansfieldelectric.com/rateGeneralPower.html Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring:

396

Data:57b72381-6713-496b-9425-001db49badee | Open Energy Information  

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b72381-6713-496b-9425-001db49badee b72381-6713-496b-9425-001db49badee No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Omaha Public Power District Effective date: 2013/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: CONSUMER OWNED STREET LIGHTING Incandescent 150 Sector: Lighting Description: CONSUMER OWNED SYSTEM OPERATED BY DISTRICT Source or reference: http://ww3.oppd.com/rates/OppdRateManual.pdf#nameddest=110 Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service

397

Data:875f4cb6-97db-4722-8294-a127828b956b | Open Energy Information  

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f4cb6-97db-4722-8294-a127828b956b f4cb6-97db-4722-8294-a127828b956b No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Tell City, Indiana (Utility Company) Effective date: 2008/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: Street Lighting: Metal Halide, 175 Watts, Type 1 Sector: Lighting Description: The Fixed monthly charge entered here is the sum of the "Facilities" charge ($9.79) and the "Usage" charge ($1.18). When applicable: add $3.24 to the "Facilities" charge for Wood Pole, add $6.74 to the "Facilities" charge for Metal Round Pole Aluminum, add $11.33 to the "Facilities" charge for Metal Round Steel Decorative

398

Data:38845db2-e2a5-4081-aad9-9850070b726e | Open Energy Information  

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db2-e2a5-4081-aad9-9850070b726e db2-e2a5-4081-aad9-9850070b726e No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Otter Tail Power Co (South Dakota) Effective date: 2011/06/01 End date if known: Rate name: SGS (Small General Service Secondary Service) Sector: Commercial Description: *This schedule is applicable to Three phase Residential Customers, and both Single- and Three-phase nonresidential Customers. This schedule is not applicable for outdoor lighting. Emergency and supplementary/standby service will be supplied only as allowed by law. Source or reference: https://www.otpco.com/media/103057/SD_1001.pdf

399

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d38b-4799-bb7c-809814d3db18 d38b-4799-bb7c-809814d3db18 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: McCook Public Power District Effective date: 2012/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Minimum Services 1 Phase Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: Ilinois State University Rate binder # 10 Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous

400

Data:Db239874-2117-4094-9105-d17332e53af8 | Open Energy Information  

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Db239874-2117-4094-9105-d17332e53af8 Db239874-2117-4094-9105-d17332e53af8 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Jackson Electric Member Corp Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting Decashield MH 250 W Wood Pole Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: http://www.jacksonemc.com/business-manage-my-account-commercial-rates-options/schedules/outdoor-lighting-service Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service

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401

Data:05837181-6193-4812-b34e-7f4db7e28eea | Open Energy Information  

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181-6193-4812-b34e-7f4db7e28eea 181-6193-4812-b34e-7f4db7e28eea No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Edgecombe-Martin County E M C Effective date: 2006/08/01 End date if known: Rate name: GENERAL SERVICE Single Phase(Small Renewable Generation Rider) Sector: Commercial Description: AVAILABILITY: Electric service is available under this Schedule in the territory served by the Cooperative for nonresidential use with less than 100 kVA of transformer capacity. Resale and standby services are not permitted. Rates are subject to wholesale power cost adjustments, power factor adjustments,a North Carolina Sales Tax and Rider EE (Energy Efficiency Rider).

402

Data:49076707-5429-4788-b05c-6db49a32e05a | Open Energy Information  

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707-5429-4788-b05c-6db49a32e05a 707-5429-4788-b05c-6db49a32e05a No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Delta Electric Power Assn Effective date: 2010/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: 60.1 Large Power Service TOU Sector: Industrial Description: Available to consumers located on or near Association's three phase power lines whose load exceeds 500 kW for all types of usage for which there is no other specific applicable rate, subject to the established rules and regulations of the Association. All service shall be supplied at one point of delivery and measured through one meter.

403

Data:525eb2d6-db5b-4dde-9584-277c72454073 | Open Energy Information  

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d6-db5b-4dde-9584-277c72454073 d6-db5b-4dde-9584-277c72454073 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Sullivan, Illinois (Utility Company) Effective date: 2012/11/13 End date if known: Rate name: Industrial Power - 200,000 KWH or Above Usage Per Month - Single Phase - 15-50 kva - Outside City Limit Sector: Industrial Description: The City of Sullivan will determine the Power Factor each month and if found to be less than ninety percent (90%), the monthly demand charge may be increased by an amount equal to Twenty Cents ($0.20) per KWH of Demand for each percent, or fraction thereof, for each percent less than ninety percent (90%).

404

Data:67495887-538d-4a86-8915-fd58db29ea26 | Open Energy Information  

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7-538d-4a86-8915-fd58db29ea26 7-538d-4a86-8915-fd58db29ea26 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Northwestern Rural E C A, Inc Effective date: 2013/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Private Outdoor Lighting Service175 Watts Mercury Vapor Unmetered Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: http://www.northwesternrec.com/myHome/billingAndPayments/rates.aspx Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category:

405

Data:0000827d-84d0-453d-b659-b86869323897 | Open Energy Information  

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7d-84d0-453d-b659-b86869323897 7d-84d0-453d-b659-b86869323897 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Prairie Land Electric Coop Inc Effective date: 2010/01/14 End date if known: Rate name: INTERRUPTIBLE INDUSTRIAL SERVICE Sector: Industrial Description: In all rate areas, with the Cooperative reserving the right to remove this rate schedule or modify it in any manner, subject to Kansas Corporation Commission approval. The Cooperative reserves the right to limit the number and amount of the contracts of kW demand to a total load for interruption of five thousand (5,000) kW demand under this rate.

406

Data:98611831-18fa-444b-9641-3db3183dde39 | Open Energy Information  

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-18fa-444b-9641-3db3183dde39 -18fa-444b-9641-3db3183dde39 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Imperial Irrigation District Effective date: 1994/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: SCHEDULE SL-2 STATE HIGHWAY LIGHTING SERVICE-MERCURY VAPOR 175W Sector: Lighting Description: APPLICABILITY Applicable to service to state highway lighting installations where the customer owns and maintains the equipment and the District furnishes energy at one or more central points in accordance with special conditions set forth herein. Unmetered Service: For each kilowatt of lamp load . . . . . . . $22.30 Minimum charge at any one location . . . . . $ 5.00 Monthly Usage: 75kWh

407

Data:361580db-2792-4d51-b4af-1029be488077 | Open Energy Information  

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80db-2792-4d51-b4af-1029be488077 80db-2792-4d51-b4af-1029be488077 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Butler Public Power District Effective date: 2013/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Stand By Rate 10 Three Phase Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: http://www.butlerppd.com/common/New%20Customer%20Packet%20_1.2013.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous

408

Data:806c5379-9829-4db9-ada1-864a88763c03 | Open Energy Information  

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-9829-4db9-ada1-864a88763c03 -9829-4db9-ada1-864a88763c03 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Smithville, Tennessee (Utility Company) Effective date: 2012/10/01 End date if known: Rate name: GSA-1 Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: ISU Archive Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Seasonal/Monthly Demand Charge Structures

409

Data:63042773-7213-40e2-895a-db868e8293b9 | Open Energy Information  

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3-7213-40e2-895a-db868e8293b9 3-7213-40e2-895a-db868e8293b9 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Town of Pineville, North Carolina (Utility Company) Effective date: 2012/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: Residential Sector: Residential Description: Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

410

Data:5652592d-b20e-4dfa-8988-28514f86d3ed | Open Energy Information  

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d-b20e-4dfa-8988-28514f86d3ed d-b20e-4dfa-8988-28514f86d3ed No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Ameren Illinois Company Effective date: 2010/11/19 End date if known: Rate name: DS-3 Zone 1 - General Delivery Service 15kV to 100kV Sector: Industrial Description: Availability: Service under this Rate is available for any eligible Non-Residential Customer within the territory served by Company that has demand metering installed and a maximum monthly Demand equal to or greater than 150 kilowatts (kW) but less than 1,000 kW as qualified in the Delivery Service Rate Reassignment section.

411

Data:930ed6de-5819-4665-9ffe-db746af9bf10 | Open Energy Information  

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ed6de-5819-4665-9ffe-db746af9bf10 ed6de-5819-4665-9ffe-db746af9bf10 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Lower Yellowstone R E A, Inc Effective date: 2010/09/14 End date if known: Rate name: Schedule YL - Metered Lights (Owned by Consumer) Sector: Lighting Description: These will be charged for energy usage as per the consumer's "A" or "GS-3" rate schedule. Source or reference: Illinois State University Archive Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage

412

Data:D5bc8db1-0699-4238-9855-451273353a58 | Open Energy Information  

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bc8db1-0699-4238-9855-451273353a58 bc8db1-0699-4238-9855-451273353a58 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Grand River Dam Authority Effective date: 2011/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: wholesale power service,Generation Bus Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: http://www.grda.com/electric/customer-service/wholesale-sales/power-service/ Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring:

413

Data:Dac7541d-db3e-4734-b381-6076ff013033 | Open Energy Information  

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541d-db3e-4734-b381-6076ff013033 541d-db3e-4734-b381-6076ff013033 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Sylvania, Georgia (Utility Company) Effective date: 2012/10/01 End date if known: Rate name: Heavy Electric Over 500 Sector: Industrial Description: Source or reference: Rate Binder# 2 (Illinois State University) Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

414

Data:2a810647-c701-4743-ae9a-25db7fce5dbd | Open Energy Information  

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647-c701-4743-ae9a-25db7fce5dbd 647-c701-4743-ae9a-25db7fce5dbd No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Washington Elec Member Corp Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: 250 Watt HPS Cobra Head Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: http://facts.psc.state.ga.us/Public/GetDocument.aspx?ID=129296 Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous

415

Data:88daad39-99db-4255-8509-8288aa8351cf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

daad39-99db-4255-8509-8288aa8351cf daad39-99db-4255-8509-8288aa8351cf No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Springfield, Oregon (Utility Company) Effective date: 2013/05/01 End date if known: Rate name: Private Lighting 400 W MH L-3 Sector: Lighting Description: New Lighting systems shall be overhead construction consisting of wood poles, aerial circuits, and conventional street lighting luminaries with mast arms not longer than ten feet, or floodlighting luminaries with no mast arms. The installed luminaries shall use low-pressure sodium lamps. All equipment used to provide service under this schedule will be furnished, owned, operated and maintained by the Springfield Utility Board.

416

DB02/763519.0001/8994542.1 WP06 BEFORE THE OFFICE OF ELECTRICITY DELIVERY AND ENERGY RELIABILITY  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DB02/763519.0001/8994542.1 WP06 DB02/763519.0001/8994542.1 WP06 BEFORE THE OFFICE OF ELECTRICITY DELIVERY AND ENERGY RELIABILITY DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Preparation of the 2012 Congestion Study ) COMMENTS OF THE MICHIGAN PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION Pursuant to the Notice of Regional Workshops and Request for Written Comments published in the Federal Register on November 11, 2011 1 , the Michigan Public Service Commission ("Mich PSC") hereby submits its comments. The Mich PSC appreciates the opportunity to comment on the transmission congestion questions posed by the Department of Energy ("DOE") to Michigan in connection with the DOE National Electric Transmission Congestion 2012 Study. The Mich PSC, as the regulatory agency responsible for safe, reliable, and affordable electricity service within Michigan, has an

417

Data:9c7d969c-4003-4878-902a-80db4949b146 | Open Energy Information  

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d969c-4003-4878-902a-80db4949b146 d969c-4003-4878-902a-80db4949b146 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Corn Belt Energy Corporation Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: RATE 3 GENERAL SERVICE - SINGLE-PHASE Sector: Commercial Description: Applicable to commercial and industrial consumers for all uses including lighting, heating and power, subject to the established rules and regulations of the Cooperative. Service under this schedule is limited to installations requiring not more than a 400-amp service. Approval of the Cooperative must be obtained prior to installation of any motor requiring starting current in excess of 260 amperes.

418

Data:25587470-a30f-477d-a32b-0db246d50adc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

0-a30f-477d-a32b-0db246d50adc 0-a30f-477d-a32b-0db246d50adc No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Fayetteville, Tennessee (Utility Company) Effective date: 2012/08/01 End date if known: Rate name: Security Lights: 400W Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: http://www.fpunet.com/node/15 Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous

419

Data:25901054-7ddc-432f-ac48-7542db39cdb9 | Open Energy Information  

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01054-7ddc-432f-ac48-7542db39cdb9 01054-7ddc-432f-ac48-7542db39cdb9 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Hendricks County Rural E M C Effective date: 2012/04/01 End date if known: Rate name: RES 1- Single-Phase General Service to use (0 - 3,000 kWh/month) for residential, farm, commercial and public buildings Sector: Residential Description: Availability - Available to any member located on the co-op's lines for rural, residential, farm, commercial and public buildings. - This rate schedule will serve single-phase member/consumers. - Available to those members with average energy usage between 0 - 3,000 kWh/month.

420

Data:4aefc817-6ced-442d-b038-9778988dabf3 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

aefc817-6ced-442d-b038-9778988dabf3 aefc817-6ced-442d-b038-9778988dabf3 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Wisconsin Rapids W W & L Comm Effective date: 2009/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Street Lighting Mercury Vapor 400w Ornamental Sector: Lighting Description: This schedule will be applied to municipal street lighting. The utility will furnish, install, and maintain street lighting. The Purchase Cost Adjustment Clause, a charge per all kWh that varies monthly, applies to this rate. Source or reference: http://www.wrwwlc.com/StreetYard.aspx Source Parent: Comments Applicability

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nb ta db" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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421

Data:789add43-c49c-4629-ad6f-5e867fa282db | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

add43-c49c-4629-ad6f-5e867fa282db add43-c49c-4629-ad6f-5e867fa282db No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Village of Black Earth, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 1999/08/01 End date if known: Rate name: Ms-1 Outdoor Lighting Service: 150W HPS(Ornamental) Sector: Lighting Description: Application: This schedule will be applied to municipal street lighting. The utility will furnish, install, and maintain street lighting units. Fixed Monthly Charge includes Commitment to Community Rider: $1.33 per customer per month. Power Cost Adjustment Clause: Charge per all kWh varies monthly.

422

Data:0ea73935-da69-4061-871d-b538905021e6 | Open Energy Information  

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5-da69-4061-871d-b538905021e6 5-da69-4061-871d-b538905021e6 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Southern Public Power District Effective date: 2013/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: TOTAL ELECTRIC RESIDENTIAL AND FARM SERVICE Sector: Residential Description: Available: In the general area served by the District from existing distribution facilities. Applicable: To single family private dwelling unit, including adjacent farm buildings, and for limited other ordinary farm use where service is supplied through one meter and where electricity is the only energy used for light, power, and heat in the residence (see Terms and Conditions). Not available for crop irrigation.

423

Data:89d89e37-bddc-4396-a075-00511db65d67 | Open Energy Information  

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e37-bddc-4396-a075-00511db65d67 e37-bddc-4396-a075-00511db65d67 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Public Service Elec & Gas Co Effective date: 2010/06/07 End date if known: Rate name: 1000 lumens NEMA Head Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: http://www.pseg.com/family/pseandg/tariffs/electric/pdf/electric_tariff.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous

424

Data:24618917-51db-400f-8875-dca1b468d625 | Open Energy Information  

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8917-51db-400f-8875-dca1b468d625 8917-51db-400f-8875-dca1b468d625 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Moorhead, Minnesota (Utility Company) Effective date: 2013/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Residential- Dual-Fuel Sector: Residential Description: Available to residential customers in conformance with MPS' Electric Service Rules and Regulations. All controllable electric heat shall be metered separately at a rate of: Source or reference: http://www.mpsutility.com/index.php/residential-rates?layout=blog Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW):

425

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloque C6, supplkment au no8, Tome 39, aotit 1978, page C6-387 Nb Ge AND EFFECTS OF HEAVY ION IRRADIATION AND THERMAL RECOVERY ON  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

irridiation data. The T -residual resistan- ce ratio (RRR) correlation is similar to the re- sults greater resistan- ce increases in Nb3Ge. Before reaching the "satura- ted state", Tc increases (p24K

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

426

NCBI Handout Series | Clone DB | Last Update: August 19, 2013 Contact: info@ncbi.nlm.nih.gov Repository for DNA clones with integrated information on sequences, maps and distributors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

terms are automatically entered in the query box (F). Clicking the "Add to history" link (G) pre- views box so custom terms such as a search history (#9) can be added. Displaying the search results A search for accessing data from CloneDB: Text searching through the Clone DB homepage www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/clone/ Bulk

Levin, Judith G.

427

Large sensitive-area NbN nanowire superconducting single-photon detectors fabricated on single-crystal MgO substrates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on the performance of large area NbN nanowire superconducting single-photon detectors (SSPDs). 20x20 {mu}m{sup 2} area SSPDs with 80 and 100 nm linewidths and 50% fill factor were fabricated in 4-nm-thick NbN films grown on single-crystal MgO substrates. The high quality of the devices was verified by electrical and optical testing and compares favorably to measurements of 10x10 {mu}m{sup 2} area SSPDs. Measurements of kinetic inductance versus bias current indicate that the constriction density is low. The fiber-coupled detection efficiency of the devices was 0.4%-3.5% at 100 Hz dark count rate.

Miki, Shigehito; Fujiwara, Mikio; Sasaki, Masahide; Wang Zhen [National Institute of Information and Communications Technology, 4-2-1 Nukui-Kitamachi, Koganei, Tokyo 184-8795 (Japan); Baek, Burm; Nam, Sae Woo [National Institute of Standards and Technology, 325 Broadway, Boulder, Colorado 80305 (United States); Miller, Aaron J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Albion College 611 East Porter Street, Albion, Michigan 49224 (United States); Hadfield, Robert H. [School of Engineering and Physical Sciences, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, EH14 4AS (United Kingdom)

2008-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

428

An R&D Approach to the Development of Long Nb3Sn Accelerator Magnets Using the key and Bladder Technology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Building accelerator quality magnets using Nb{sub 3}Sn for next generation facilities is the challenge of the next decade. The Superconducting Magnet Group at LBNL has developed an innovative support structure for high field magnets. The structure is based on an aluminum shell over iron yokes using hydraulic bladders and locking keys for applying the pre-stress. At cool down the pre-stress is almost doubled due to the differences of thermal contraction. This new structure allows precise control of the pre-stress with minimal spring back and conductor over-stress. At present the support structure has been used with prototype magnets up to one meter in length. In this paper, the design of a 4-meter long, 11 Tesla, wind-and-react racetrack dipole will be presented as a possible step toward the fabrication of long Nb{sub 3}Sn accelerator magnets.

Bartlett, S. E.; Caspi, S.; Dietderich, D. R.; Ferracin, P.; Gourlay, S. A.; Hannaford, C. R.; Hafalia, A. R.; Lietzke, A. F.; McInturff, A. D.; Mattafirri, S.; Sabbi, G.; Scanlan, R. M.

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Approximate analytical method and its use for calculation of phase velocities of acoustic plane waves in crystals for example LiNbO3  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

By means of the offered analytical method the determinant relation for a phase velocities of elastic waves for an arbitrary propagation directions in a piezoelectric crystal are received. The phase velocities of three normal elastic waves for the crystal of LiNbO3 are calculated. Results of this calculation for each of waves are presented graphically in the form of the cards allowing easily to define phase velocities in any given direction in crystal.

A. A. Golubeva

2010-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

430

Series of phase transitions and multiferroicity in the quasi-two-dimensional spin-12 triangular-lattice antiferromagnet Ba3CoNb2O9  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have investigated the magnetic and electric ground states of a quasi-two-dimensional triangular lattice antiferromagnet (TLAF), Ba3CoNb2O9, in which the effective spin of Co2+ is 1/2. At zero field, the system undergoes a two-step transition upon cooling at TN2=1.36 K and TN1=1.10 K and enters a 120? ordered state. By applying magnetic fields, a series of spin states with fractions of the saturation magnetization Ms are observed. They are spin states with 1/3, 1/2, 2/3 (or 3/3) Ms. The ferroelectricity emerges in all spin states, either with collinear or noncollinear spin structure, which makes Ba3CoNb2O9 another unique TLAF exhibiting both a series of magnetic phase transitions and multiferroicity. We discuss the role of quantum fluctuations and magnetic anisotropy in contributing more complex phase diagram compared to its sister multiferroic TLAF compound Ba3NiNb2O9 [J. Hwang et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 257205 (2012)].

M. Lee; J. Hwang; E. S. Choi; J. Ma; C. R. Dela Cruz; M. Zhu; X. Ke; Z. L. Dun; H. D. Zhou

2014-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

431

Propane ammoxidation over Mo–V–Te–Nb–O M1 phase: Density functional theory study of propane oxidative dehydrogenation steps  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Propane ammoxidation to acrylonitrile catalyzed by the bulk Mo–V–Te–Nb oxides has received considerable attention because it is more environmentally benign than the current process of propylene ammoxidation and relies on a more abundant feedstock. This process is proposed to consist of a series of elementary steps including propane oxidative dehydrogenation (ODH), ammonia and O2 activation, \\{NHx\\} insertion into C3 surface intermediates, etc. Density functional theory calculations were performed here to investigate the three sequential H abstraction steps that successively convert propane into isopropyl, propene, and ?-allyl on cation sites in the proposed selective and active center present in the ab plane of the Mo–V–Te–Nb–O M1 phase. The initial H abstraction from propane was found to be the rate-limiting step of this process, consistent with both the proposed reaction mechanism for propane ammoxidation on the Mo–V–Te–Nb oxides and current understanding of V5+ as the active site for alkane activation on V-based oxides. Te=O was found to be significantly more active than V5+=O for the H abstraction from propane, which suggests that the surface and bulk Te species may be different. The role of Mo=O is most likely limited to being an H acceptor from isopropyl to form propene under ammoxidation conditions.

Junjun Yu; Ye Xu; Vadim V. Guliants

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Independent cross sections of Na, K, Rb, Cs, and Fr isotopes produced in Ta and U targets bombarded by C12 ions up to 77 MeV/nucleon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Isotopic distribution measurements for Na, K, Rb, Cs, and Fr in the reactions Ta181(C12, X)Na,K,Rb,Cs and U238(C12, X)Na,K,Rb,Cs,Fr at different energies E=13, 27, and 77 MeV/nucleon are reported. The independently observed yields of Rb and Cs show an important contribution for neutron-deficient nuclei. The U target shows very broad isotopic distributions which may be understood as a sum of two components. The results are compared to those obtained by nuclear reactions induced by protons over a wide energy range.NUCLEAR REACTIONS Ta181(C12, X)Na,K,Rb,Cs; U238(C12, X)Na,K,Rb,Cs,Fr; E=13, 27, 77 MeV/nucleon; measured Na, K, Rb, Cs, Fr isotopic distributions, heavy ion induced fission, spallation, on-line mass spectrometry.

M. de Saint Simon; S. Haan; G. Audi; A. Coc; M. Epherre; P. Guimbal; A. C. Mueller; C. Thibault; F. Touchard; M. Langevin

1982-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

First-time remote sensing of NO2 vertical distributions in an urban street canyon using Topographic Target Light scattering Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy (ToTaL-DOAS)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Topographic Target Light scattering Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy (ToTaL-DOAS) measurements were performed in a street canyon in Gwangju, Korea (35°10?51.43?N, 126°52?53.74?E) during a period of 10 days in October 2010. NO2 slant volume mixing ratios (VMRs) at the lowest elevation angle (EL) of 1°, as obtained from ToTaL-DOAS measurements, were validated via comparisons with collocated in situ ground data, showing good agreement within a scatter range of 20% during the entire measurement period, and within a scatter range of 15% when cloudy days were excluded. For the first time, based on inversion calculations using ToTaL-DOAS data, we retrieved NO2 vertical distributions that consist of five layers (from 6 to 118 m) for three measurement days. We obtained generally decreasing NO2 \\{VMRs\\} with altitude, whereas increased NO2 \\{VMRs\\} at two elevated layers (6–19 m and 19–33 m) were observed on 26 and 27 October. We obtained a coefficient of determination (R2) of 0.87 (0.61) between slant \\{VMRs\\} at 1° EL (retrieved NO2 \\{VMRs\\} in the layer from 6 m to 19 m) and in situ data, with the scatter of the correlation being within the 15% (10%) range. The relation between retrieved NO2 \\{VMRs\\} at 6–19 m and slant \\{VMRs\\} at 1° EL yielded an R2 value of 0.97, with the scatter of the correlation being within the 5% range. The results demonstrate that the ToTaL-DOAS technique is a useful tool in identifying the temporal and vertical characteristics of NO2 \\{VMRs\\} in an urban street canyon with a complex geometry.

Hanlim Lee; Myojeong Gu; Young J. Kim; Jungbae Hwang; Ukkyo Jung

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

First-principles calculations of the electronic structure and optical properties of K{sub 1-x}Na{sub x}TaO{sub 3} (x=0, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The first-principles calculations are performed to investigate the cubic phase composite K{sub 1-x}Na{sub x}TaO{sub 3}(x=0, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1), by using density functional theory (DFT) with the full potential linearized augmented plane wave (FP-LAPW) method. The energy band structures, density of states (DOS), electron density and optical properties are obtained. The results show that Na ion plays an important role in K{sub 1-x}Na{sub x}TaO{sub 3}. With the content of Na ion increasing, the changes of lattice parameters, energy gaps, bond lengths and optical properties of K{sub 1-x}Na{sub x}TaO{sub 3} are regular. Moreover, the dependence of ferroelectric photocatalysis on both optical properties and internal electronic structure are analyzed in detail. It is proposed that the doped materials are promising photocatalytic materials. - Graphical abstract: The density of states (DOS) of K{sub 1-x}Na{sub x}TaO{sub 3} (x=0.5). Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The first-principles calculations are performed, by using DFT with FP-LAPW method. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The changes of internal electronic structure and optical property of doped materials are regular. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The dependence of ferroelectric photocatalysis on optical properties is analyzed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The dependence of ferroelectric photocatalysis on internal electronic structure is analyzed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The doped materials are promising photocatalytic materials.

Zhao, Na [Department of Physics, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116 (China) [Department of Physics, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116 (China); College of Science, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073 (China); Wang, Yue-Hua, E-mail: wyhxxll@163.com [Department of Physics, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116 (China)] [Department of Physics, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116 (China); Wang, Qing-Xi; Hu, Wen-Jing [Department of Physics, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116 (China)] [Department of Physics, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116 (China)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

435

Design modifications, fabrication and test of HFDB-03 racetrack magnet wound with pre-reacted Nb3Sn Rutherford cable  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A 10 T racetrack magnet (HFDB-03) wound with pre-reacted Nb{sub 3}Sn Rutherford cable has been fabricated and tested at Fermilab. This magnet is the third one in a proof-of-principle series for the use of the React-and-Wind technology in common-coil dipole magnets for future accelerators. It consists of two flat racetrack coils (28 turns each) separated by 5 mm. The maximum field on the coil, at the short sample limit of 16530 A, is 10 tesla. The cable has 41 strands with 0.7 mm diameter and the minimum bend radius in the magnet ends is 90 mm. The predecessor of this magnet (HFDB-02) reached 78% of the short sample limit at 7.7 T. The mechanical design was improved and the fabrication procedure was slightly modified in order to address possible causes of limitation. In this paper we present the mechanical design and analysis of HFDB-03, the modifications to the fabrication procedure and the test results.

Giorgio Ambrosio et al.

2003-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

436

Fabrication and test of 4m long Nb3Sn quadrupole coil made of RRP-114-127 strand  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Fermilab is collaborating with LBNL and BNL (US-LARP collaboration) to develop a large-aperture Nb{sub 3}Sn superconducting quadrupole for the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) luminosity upgrade. Several two-layer quadrupole models of the 1-meter and 3.4-meter length with 90mm apertures have been fabricated and tested by the US-LARP collaboration. High-Jc RRP-54/61 strand was used for nearly all models. Large flux jumps typical for this strand due to the large sub-element diameter limited magnet quench performance at temperatures below 2.5-3K. This paper summarizes the fabrication and test by Fermilab of LQM01, a long quadrupole coil test structure (quadrupole mirror) with the first 3.4m quadrupole coil made of more stable RRP-114/127 strand. The coil and structure are fully instrumented with voltage taps, full bridge strain gauges and strip heaters to monitor preload, thermal properties and quench behavior. Measurements during fabrication are reported, including preload during the yoke welding process. Testing is done at 4.5K, 1.9K and a range of intermediate temperatures. The test results include magnet strain and quench performance during training, as well as quench studies of current ramp rate and temperature dependence from 1.9K to 4.5K.

Bossert, R.; Ambrosio, G.; Andreev, N.; Barzi, E.; Chlachidze, G.; Kashikhin, V.V.; Lamm, M.; Nobrega, A.; Novitski, I.; Orris, D.; Tartaglia, M.; /Fermilab

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Tunneling spectroscopy of superconducting MoN and NbTiN grown by atomic layer deposition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A tunneling spectroscopy study is presented of superconducting MoN and Nb{sub 0.8}Ti{sub 0.2}N thin films grown by atomic layer deposition (ALD). The films exhibited a superconducting gap of 2?meV and 2.4?meV, respectively, with a corresponding critical temperature of 11.5?K and 13.4?K, among the highest reported T{sub c} values achieved by the ALD technique. Tunnel junctions were obtained using a mechanical contact method with a Au tip. While the native oxides of these films provided poor tunnel barriers, high quality tunnel junctions with low zero bias conductance (below ?10%) were obtained using an artificial tunnel barrier of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} on the film's surface grown ex situ by ALD. We find a large critical current density on the order of 4?×?10{sup 6}?A/cm{sup 2} at T?=?0.8T{sub c} for a 60?nm MoN film and demonstrate conformal coating capabilities of ALD onto high aspect ratio geometries. These results suggest that the ALD technique offers significant promise for thin film superconducting device applications.

Groll, Nickolas R., E-mail: ngroll@anl.gov; Klug, Jeffrey A.; Claus, Helmut; Pellin, Michael J.; Proslier, Thomas, E-mail: proslier@anl.gov [Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Cao, Chaoyue; Becker, Nicholas G.; Zasadzinski, John F. [Materials Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Department of Physics, Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, Illinois 60616 (United States); Altin, Serdar [Fen Edebiyat Fakultesi, Fizik Bolumu, Inonu Universitesi, 44280 Malatya (Turkey)

2014-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

438

Chemical surety material decontamination and decommissioning of Los Alamos National Laboratory Chemical Surety Material Laboratory area TA-3, building SM-29, room 4009  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

From 1982 through 1987, Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) performed surety laboratory operations for the U.S. Army Medical Research and Development Command (MRDC). Room 4009 in building SM-29, TA-3, was used as the laboratory for work with the following chemical surety material (CSM) agents: sarin (GB), soman (GD), lewisite (L), and distilled mustard (HD) radio-labelled with H{sup 3} or C{sup 14}. The work was confined to three CSM-certified fume hoods, located in room 4009 (see diagram in Appendix C). The laboratory ceased all active operations during the late 1986 and early 1987 period. From 1987 until 1993 the laboratory was secured and the ventilation system continued to operate. During late 1992, the decision was made to utilize this laboratory space for other operations, thus a decision was made to dismantle and reconfigure this room. LANL sub-contracted Battelle Memorial Institute (BMI) to draw upon the CSM experience of the technical staff from the Hazardous Materials Research Facility (HMRF) to assist in developing a decontamination and decommissioning plan. BMI was subcontracted to devise a CSM safety training course, and a sampling and air monitoring plan for CSM material to ensure personnel safety during all disassembly operations. LANL subcontracted Johnson Controls personnel to perform all disassembly operations. Beginning in early 1993 BMI personnel from the HMRF visited the laboratory to develop both the safety plan and the sample and air monitoring plan. Execution of that plan began in September 1993 and was completed in January 1994.

Moore, T.E.; Smith, J.M.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Decay Properties of {sup 266}Bh and {sup 262}Db Produced in the {sup 248}Cm+{sup 23}Na Reaction - Further Confirmation of the {sup 278}113 Decay Chain  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Decay properties of an isotope {sup 266}Bh and its daughter nucleus {sup 262}Db produced by the {sup 248}Cm({sup 23}Na,5n) reaction were studied by using a gas-filled recoil separator coupled with a position-sensitive semiconductor detector. {sup 266}Bh was clearly identified from the correlation of the known nuclide, {sup 262}Db. The obtained decay properties of {sup 266}Bh and {sup 262}Db are consistent with those observed in the {sup 278}113 chain by RIKEN collaboration, which provided further confirmation of the discovery of {sup 278}113.

Morita, K.; Morimoto, K.; Kaji, D.; Haba, H.; Ozeki, K.; Kudou, Y.; Yoneda, A.; Ichikawa, T.; Katori, K.; Yoshida, A. [RIKEN Nishina Center, RIKEN, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan); Sato, N. [RIKEN Nishina Center, RIKEN, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan); Department of Physics, Tohoku University, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8578 (Japan); Sumita, T. [RIKEN Nishina Center, RIKEN, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan); Faculty of Science and Technology, Tokyo University of Science, Noda, Chiba 278-8510 (Japan); Fujimori, Y.; Tokanai, F. [Department of Physics, Yamagata University, Yamagata 990-8560 (Japan); Goto, S. [Center for Instrumental Analysis, Niigata University, Ikarashi, Nishi-ku, Niigata 950-2181 (Japan); Ideguchi, E. [Center for Nuclear Study, University of Tokyo, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan); Kasamatsu, Y.; Koura, H.; Tsukada, K. [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Tokai, Ibaraki 319-1195 (Japan); Komori, Y. [Department of Chemistry, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-0043 (Japan)

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Heating Greenhouses1 D.E. Buffington, R.A. Bucklin, R.W. Henley and D.B. McConnell2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AE11 Heating Greenhouses1 D.E. Buffington, R.A. Bucklin, R.W. Henley and D.B. McConnell2 1 supplemental heat is required. Obviously there are many ways this can be accomplished from the standpoint of these factors be considered when selecting and installing a heating system. HEATING SYSTEMS Greenhouse heating

Watson, Craig A.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nb ta db" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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441

Pharmacology of DB844, an Orally Active aza Analogue of Pafuramidine, in a Monkey Model of Second Stage Human African Trypanosomiasis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Mountain View, CA). Results Metabolism Profiles in Monkey Liver Microsomes DB844 was rapidly metabolized in vervet monkey liver microsomes (MLM) with a microsomal half-life of approximately 14 min to form at least seven metabolites over a 120 min incubation...

Thutia, John K.; Wang, Michael Z.; Kagira, John M.; Denton, Cathrine L.; Paine, Mary F.; Mdachi, Raymond E.; Murilla, Grace A.; Ching, Shelley; Boykin, David W.; Tidwell, Richard R.; Hall, James E.; Brun, Reto

2012-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

442

Oracle Spatial Data Option Spatial Cartridge Oracle8i SpatialIBM ESRI DB2 Spatial ExtenderInformix Informix Spatial  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; ---- Oracle Spatial Data Option Spatial Cartridge Oracle8i SpatialIBM ESRI DB2 Spatial ExtenderInformix Informix Spatial Datablade Oracle Oracle8i Spatial Oracle Spatial ----SDO_GEOMETRY SDO_GEOMETRY OracleWeb-Based Three-Dimensional Geo-Referenced Visualization, in Proceedings of International Conference of Spatial

Li, Xiang

443

CO2-Tolerant and Cobalt-Free SrFe0.8Nb0.2O3?? Perovskite Membrane for Oxygen Separation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The membranes can be integrated with a number of oxygen-involved industry processes, such as oxyfuel combustion and partial oxidation of methane into syngas (POM). ... (22) In the present study, the potential to use Sr(Fe, Nb)O3?? as oxygen permeable membranes, in particular for oxyfuel applications, was experimentally assessed. ... A proper balance between the chemical stability and performance as well as composition simplicity is achieved in SFN82, making it a promising candidate as oxygen permeable membrane for oxyfuel application. ...

Jianxin Yi; Michael Schroeder; Manfred Martin

2013-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

444

Data:902905fb-8cbb-457d-9db5-352834999c90 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

905fb-8cbb-457d-9db5-352834999c90 905fb-8cbb-457d-9db5-352834999c90 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Cuba City, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2009/10/14 End date if known: Rate name: Rg-1 Residential Service Three Phase With Parallel Generation(20kW or less)-Net Energy Billing Sector: Residential Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0765 per kilowatt-hour.

445

Data:Abe99966-bea2-4562-a56c-db27792bebeb | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Abe99966-bea2-4562-a56c-db27792bebeb Abe99966-bea2-4562-a56c-db27792bebeb No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Medford, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 1997/06/27 End date if known: Rate name: Ms-1 Street Lighting Service 250 W MV Sector: Lighting Description: The schedule will be applied to municipal street lighting. The utility will furnish, install and maintain street lighting units. Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0351 per kilowatt-hour.

446

Data:63642545-fb6b-4dfc-baa8-db1c60ddb7ed | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

545-fb6b-4dfc-baa8-db1c60ddb7ed 545-fb6b-4dfc-baa8-db1c60ddb7ed No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Northern States Power Co - Wisconsin Effective date: 2012/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: CUSTOMER OWNED STREET LIGHTING 70 W SV Sector: Lighting Description: Availability: Available for year-round illumination of public streets, parkways, and highways by electric lamps mounted on standards where the customer owns and maintains an Ornamental Street Lighting system complete with standards, luminaires with refractors, lamps and other appurtenances, together with all necessary cables extending between standards and to points of connection to Company's facilities as designated by Company. Mercury Vapor street lighting service under this schedule is limited to the luminaires being served as of December 31, 1987.

447

Data:19353b70-5153-4557-8be7-db6dc100b549 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b70-5153-4557-8be7-db6dc100b549 b70-5153-4557-8be7-db6dc100b549 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Russell, Massachusetts (Utility Company) Effective date: 2009/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: LARGE GENERAL SERVICE SCHEDULE LG Sector: Industrial Description: Additional Info: Availability: To any non-residential customer having a three phase service. With a consistent demand less than (a) 80kw of demand/per 30 minutes and/or (b) 30,000 kWhr's per month. Minimum Bill: $40.00 / Month. Plus $4.00 per kVA for transformer capacity installed if customer exceeds 80kw and/or 30,000kWhr's per month.

448

Data:Be962472-e950-4356-851c-5d8b97464db8 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2472-e950-4356-851c-5d8b97464db8 2472-e950-4356-851c-5d8b97464db8 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Morganton, North Carolina (Utility Company) Effective date: 2011/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: Coincident Peak Rate 98-3 Sector: Commercial Description: (3,000kW or more) Demand Charges: Summer Demand Charge: $20.20/kW Summer Excess Demand Charge: $2.50/kW Non-summer Demand Charge: $4.70/kW Non-summer Excess Demand Charge: $2.50/kW Source or reference: https://cas.sharepoint.illinoisstate.edu/grants/Sunshot/Lists/DATA%20ENTRY%20Needs%20V2/Attachments/212/Morganton%20NC.pdf

449

Data:Ed495886-7879-41a2-a369-fc4db923f878 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

886-7879-41a2-a369-fc4db923f878 886-7879-41a2-a369-fc4db923f878 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Johnson County Rural E M C Effective date: 2011/10/01 End date if known: Rate name: Multi-Phase Commercial Service Sector: Commercial Description: Availability Available in all territory served by the Corporation, in accordance with the Corporation Service Rules and Regulations. Applicability Applicable to commercial consumers up to and including 100 kVA. Type of Service Multi-phase 60 hertz at 120/208 or 277/480 volts. New service at 120/240 or 240/480 is not available. Existing 120/240 or 240/480 service as of the effective date of this rate will continue to be served.

450

Data:51306294-8db5-471e-a106-315312642c21 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

294-8db5-471e-a106-315312642c21 294-8db5-471e-a106-315312642c21 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: East Kentucky Power Coop, Inc Effective date: 2012/06/01 End date if known: Rate name: Cogeneration and Small Power Production Power Purchase Rate Schedule,Less Than 100 kW Sector: Description: Source or reference: http://psc.ky.gov/tariffs/Electric/East%20Kentucky%20Power%20Cooperative,%20Inc/East%20Kentucky%20Power%20Cooperative.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months):

451

Data:69387dfd-178d-4ec4-a1f9-eda14db48462 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

7dfd-178d-4ec4-a1f9-eda14db48462 7dfd-178d-4ec4-a1f9-eda14db48462 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Nashville Electric Service Effective date: 2013/04/01 End date if known: Rate name: TDGSA - 1 - General Power TOU Commercial Sector: Commercial Description: * This rate shall apply to the firm power requirements (where the higher of a customer's onpeak or offpeak contract demand is greater than 1,000 kW but not more than 5,000 kW) for electric service to commercial, industrial, and governmental customers, and to institutional customers including, without limitation, churches, clubs, fraternities, orphanages, nursing homes, rooming or boarding houses, and like customers, provided that the other conditions of this section are met.

452

Data:22824429-7771-47b5-8e7f-4773db5810af | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

29-7771-47b5-8e7f-4773db5810af 29-7771-47b5-8e7f-4773db5810af No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Santee Electric Coop, Inc Effective date: 2010/11/01 End date if known: Rate name: Area Lighting Service 320w Metal Halide Flood Sector: Lighting Description: This Schedule is available for the leasing of mercury vapor; metal halide and sodium vapor outdoor lighting units to any member/owner served by the Cooperative and subject to established Service Rules and Regulations. Extra charges - Dedicated Poles 30' Wood $2.00 35' Wood $4.00 40' Wood $5.00 45' Wood $6.00 30' to 45' Fiberglass or Metal Pole $16.17

453

Discovery and Observations of ASASSN-13db, an EXor Accretion Event on a Low-Mass T Tauri Star  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss ASASSN-13db, an EXor accretion event on the young stellar object (YSO) SDSS J051011.01$-$032826.2 (hereafter SDSSJ0510) discovered by the All-Sky Automated Survey for SuperNovae (ASAS-SN). Using archival photometric data of SDSSJ0510 we construct a pre-outburst spectral energy distribution (SED) and find that it is consistent with a low-mass class II YSO near the Orion star forming region ($d \\sim 420$ pc). We present follow-up photometric and spectroscopic observations of the source after the $\\Delta V \\sim-$3.7 mag outburst that began in September 2013. These data indicate an increase in temperature and luminosity consistent with an accretion rate of $\\sim10^{-7}$ $\\rm{M}_\\odot$ yr$^{-1}$, three-to-five orders of magnitude greater than in quiescence. Spectroscopic observations show a forest of narrow emission lines dominated by neutral metallic lines from Fe I and some low-ionization lines. The properties of ASASSN-13db are similar to those of the EXor prototype EX~Lupi in late 2008 during its st...

Holoien, Thomas W -S; Stanek, Krzysztof Z; Kochanek, Christopher S; Shappee, B J; Zhu, Z; Sicilia-Aguilar, A; Grupe, D; Croxall, K; Adams, J; Simon, J D; McGraw, N Morell S M; Wagner, R M; Basu, U; Beacom, J F; Bersier, D; Brimacombe, J; Jencson, J; Pojmanski, G; Starrfield, S G; Szczygie?, D M; Woodward, C E

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Data:Ac69267c-4bcc-449d-b172-53703574fac0 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

c-4bcc-449d-b172-53703574fac0 c-4bcc-449d-b172-53703574fac0 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Elkhorn Rural Public Pwr Dist Effective date: 2013/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: RATE 56,57 Urban Commercial General Service-Single Phase Sector: Commercial Description: AVAILABLE: In the lease towns of Clearwater, Elgin and Ewing served by the District. APPLICABLE: To commercial and nonresidential establishments for lighting, heating, and power purposes where all service is taken through a single meter at one location, and where the Customer's peak demand does not exceed 100 KW during any two summer months or 200 KW in any two months of a 12 consecutive month period. However, any commercial Customer with a load factor of at least 250 KWH/KW and either: (1) a demand greater than 50KW, or (2) consumption greater than 15,000 KWH during any three months of a 12 consecutive month period shall have the option of being billed under the General Service Demand Rate.

455

Data:Edcafdc3-6db9-4ad8-baae-937048332136 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Edcafdc3-6db9-4ad8-baae-937048332136 Edcafdc3-6db9-4ad8-baae-937048332136 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Village of Gresham, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2010/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: Cp-2 Large Power Service above 200kW Demand Primary Metering and Transformer Ownership Discount with Excess Meter Sector: Industrial Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0627 per kilowatt-hour.

456

Data:3cf26109-8439-4217-a91c-5db806d70a46 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

09-8439-4217-a91c-5db806d70a46 09-8439-4217-a91c-5db806d70a46 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Plymouth, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2011/12/22 End date if known: Rate name: Gs-2 Rural General Service Single Phase Optional Time-of-Day 9am-9pm Sector: Commercial Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0774 per kilowatt-hour.

457

Data:18b2760a-1dbe-4afa-87db-2ff878f52839 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

60a-1dbe-4afa-87db-2ff878f52839 60a-1dbe-4afa-87db-2ff878f52839 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Medford, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 1997/06/27 End date if known: Rate name: Cp-1 Small Power Service between 40kW and 200kW Demand with Parallel Generation(20kW or less) Sector: Industrial Description: This rate will be applied to customers for all types of service if their monthly maximum demand is in excess of 40kW for three or more months in a consecutive 12-month period. Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0351 per kilowatt-hour.

458

Data:866dbe0a-3582-49b1-9968-47249db8e115 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

dbe0a-3582-49b1-9968-47249db8e115 dbe0a-3582-49b1-9968-47249db8e115 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Sauk Centre, Minnesota (Utility Company) Effective date: 2012/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Commercial service - dual fuel rate Sector: Commercial Description: Closed to New Accounts. Energy adjustment base average = $0.054/kwh (E.A. base would vary each month based on projected power costs.) Source or reference: http://www.saukcentre.govoffice2.com/vertical/sites/%7BD28FAE32-EDE3-421C-BD2D-FA8E76EA5F8C%7D/uploads/Operational_Policy_Rate_Schedule_2012_final.pdf

459

Data:45273bd7-eaca-460d-b187-44d5e478ccea | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

eaca-460d-b187-44d5e478ccea eaca-460d-b187-44d5e478ccea No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Juneau Utility Comm Effective date: 2010/07/15 End date if known: Rate name: Cp-1 Small Power Service between 50kW and 200kW Demand Primary Metering Discount with Parallel Generation(20kW or less) Sector: Industrial Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0753 per kilowatt-hour.

460

Data:96008752-b1dd-461e-930e-568db4ef7b0d | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

b1dd-461e-930e-568db4ef7b0d b1dd-461e-930e-568db4ef7b0d No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of New Holstein, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2011/10/01 End date if known: Rate name: Cp-2 Large Power Time-of-Day Service Primary Metering Discount with Parallel Generation(20kW or less) Sector: Industrial Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0860 per kilowatt-hour.

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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a