National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for narrow body planes

  1. FIBER LAYOUT AT PLANE NARROW AS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submitKansasCommunitiesofExtrans - PermeationGovernment |RoboticFIB CORE STATUS: new

  2. FIBER LAYOUT AT PLANE NARROW AS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submitKansasCommunitiesofExtrans - PermeationGovernment |RoboticFIB CORE STATUS: new

  3. Orbital effects of a monochromatic plane gravitational wave with ultra-low frequency incident on a gravitationally bound two-body system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lorenzo Iorio

    2014-09-12

    We analytically compute the long-term orbital variations of a test particle orbiting a central body acted upon by an incident monochromatic plane gravitational wave. We assume that the characteristic size of the perturbed two-body system is much smaller than the wavelength of the wave. Moreover, we also suppose that the wave's frequency is much smaller than the particle's orbital one. We make neither a priori assumptions about the direction of the wavevector nor on the orbital geometry of the planet. We find that, while the semi-major axis is left unaffected, the eccentricity, the inclination, the longitude of the ascending node, the longitude of pericenter and the mean anomaly undergo non-vanishing long-term changes. They are not secular trends because of the slow modulation introduced by the tidal matrix coefficients and by the orbital elements themselves. They could be useful to indepenedently constrain the ultra-low frequency waves which may have been indirectly detected in the BICEP2 experiment. Our calculation holds, in general, for any gravitationally bound two-body system whose characteristic frequency is much larger than the frequency of the external wave. It is also valid for a generic perturbation of tidal type with constant coefficients over timescales of the order of the orbital period of the perturbed particle.

  4. Narrow-band optical transmission of metallic nanoslit arrays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sun Zhijun; Yang Ying; Zuo Xiaoliu

    2012-10-22

    Metallic nanoslit arrays usually demonstrate wide transmission bands for transverse-magnetic-polarized incidence light. Here, we show that by introducing multi-dielectric layers underneath the metallic structure layer on the substrate, a narrow peak is formed, whose bandwidth can be down to a few nanometers. Three types of resonance modes in the region under the metal layer are identified responsible for the formation of the peak, i.e., a two-dimensional cavity resonance mode, which supports optical transmission, and two in-plane hybrid surface plasmon resonance modes locating on both sides of the peak that suppresses the transmission. Such structures can be applied in advanced photonic devices.

  5. Spectral narrowing via quantum coherence 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mikhailov, Eugeniy E.; Sautenkov, Vladimir A.; Rostovtsev, Yuri V.; Zhang, Aihua; Zubairy, M. Suhail; Scully, Marlan O.; Welch, George R.

    2006-01-01

    narrowing via quantum coherence Eugeniy E. Mikhailov,1 Vladimir A. Sautenkov,1,2 Yuri V. Rostovtsev,1 Aihua Zhang,1 M. Suhail Zubairy,1,3 Marlan O. Scully,1,4 and George R. Welch1 1Department of Physics and Institute of Quantum Studies, Texas A...&M University, College Station, Texas 77843-4242, USA 2P. N. Lebedev Institute of Physics, 119991 Moscow, Russia 3Department of Electronics, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan 4Department of Chemistry, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey...

  6. Fourier plane imaging microscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dominguez, Daniel, E-mail: daniel.dominguez@ttu.edu; Peralta, Luis Grave de [Department of Physics, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas 79409 (United States); Nano Tech Center, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas 79409 (United States); Alharbi, Nouf; Alhusain, Mdhaoui [Department of Physics, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas 79409 (United States); Bernussi, Ayrton A. [Nano Tech Center, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas 79409 (United States); Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas 79409 (United States)

    2014-09-14

    We show how the image of an unresolved photonic crystal can be reconstructed using a single Fourier plane (FP) image obtained with a second camera that was added to a traditional compound microscope. We discuss how Fourier plane imaging microscopy is an application of a remarkable property of the obtained FP images: they contain more information about the photonic crystals than the images recorded by the camera commonly placed at the real plane of the microscope. We argue that the experimental results support the hypothesis that surface waves, contributing to enhanced resolution abilities, were optically excited in the studied photonic crystals.

  7. Narrow band gap amorphous silicon semiconductors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Madan, A.; Mahan, A.H.

    1985-01-10

    Disclosed is a narrow band gap amorphous silicon semiconductor comprising an alloy of amorphous silicon and a band gap narrowing element selected from the group consisting of Sn, Ge, and Pb, with an electron donor dopant selected from the group consisting of P, As, Sb, Bi and N. The process for producing the narrow band gap amorphous silicon semiconductor comprises the steps of forming an alloy comprising amorphous silicon and at least one of the aforesaid band gap narrowing elements in amount sufficient to narrow the band gap of the silicon semiconductor alloy below that of amorphous silicon, and also utilizing sufficient amounts of the aforesaid electron donor dopant to maintain the amorphous silicon alloy as an n-type semiconductor.

  8. Very narrow-band ultraviolet photodetection based on strained M-plane Sandip Ghosha

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghosh, Sandip

    UV photode- tectors for applications1­6 such as solar blind detection, UV radiation dosimetry, combustion control, flame sensors, at- mospheric ozone and pollution detection, data storage, and very species, it is necessary to be able to simultaneously detect radiation emitted at specific wavelengths

  9. Addendum to Fake Projective Planes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yeung, Sai-Kee

    ingenious group theoretic computations that the twenty eight classes of fake projective planes altogether- damental group of eight of the one hundred fake projective planes do not admit an embedding into SU(2, 1. In [1] we proved that if the fundamental group of a fake projective plane is an arithmetic subgroup

  10. Fourier plane image amplifier

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hackel, L.A.; Hermann, M.R.; Dane, C.B.; Tiszauer, D.H.

    1995-12-12

    A solid state laser is frequency tripled to 0.3 {micro}m. A small portion of the laser is split off and generates a Stokes seed in a low power oscillator. The low power output passes through a mask with the appropriate hole pattern. Meanwhile, the bulk of the laser output is focused into a larger stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) amplifier. The low power beam is directed through the same cell in the opposite direction. The majority of the amplification takes place at the focus which is the fourier transform plane of the mask image. The small holes occupy large area at the focus and thus are preferentially amplified. The amplified output is now imaged onto the multichip module where the holes are drilled. Because of the fourier plane amplifier, only about 1/10th the power of a competitive system is needed. This concept allows less expensive masks to be used in the process and requires much less laser power. 1 fig.

  11. Fourier plane image amplifier

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hackel, Lloyd A. (Livermore, CA); Hermann, Mark R. (San Ramon, CA); Dane, C. Brent (Livermore, CA); Tiszauer, Detlev H. (Tracy, CA)

    1995-01-01

    A solid state laser is frequency tripled to 0.3 .mu.m. A small portion of the laser is split off and generates a Stokes seed in a low power oscillator. The low power output passes through a mask with the appropriate hole pattern. Meanwhile, the bulk of the laser output is focused into a larger stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) amplifier. The low power beam is directed through the same cell in the opposite direction. The majority of the amplification takes place at the focus which is the fourier transform plane of the mask image. The small holes occupy large area at the focus and thus are preferentially amplified. The amplified output is now imaged onto the multichip module where the holes are drilled. Because of the fourier plane amplifier, only .about.1/10th the power of a competitive system is needed. This concept allows less expensive masks to be used in the process and requires much less laser power.

  12. Contribution to the study of narrow low mass hadronic structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Tatischeff; E. Tomasi-Gustafsson

    2008-02-01

    New data are presented, concerning narrow exotic structures in mesons, baryons and dibaryons. The sequence of narrow baryons is quite well described starting from the sequence of narrow mesons. In the same way, the sequence of narrow dibaryons is rather well described starting from the sequence of narrow baryons. Lastly it is shown that the masses of these narrow hadronic structures lie on straight line Regge-like trajectories.

  13. Model for Diffusion-Induced Ramsey Narrowing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander Romanenko; Leonid Yatsenko

    2008-01-22

    Diffusion-induced Ramsey narrowing that appears when atoms can leave the interaction region and repeatedly return without lost of coherence is investigated using strong collisions approximation. The effective diffusion equation is obtained and solved for low-dimensional model configurations and three-dimensional real one.

  14. Gain narrowing in few-atom systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tom Savels; Allard P. Mosk; Ad Lagendijk

    2006-05-31

    Using a density matrix approach, we study the simplest systems that display both gain and feedback: clusters of 2 to 5 atoms, one of which is pumped. The other atoms supply feedback through multiple scattering of light. We show that, if the atoms are in each other's near-field, the system exhibits large gain narrowing and spectral mode redistribution. The observed phenomena are more pronounced if the feedback is enhanced. Our system is to our knowledge the simplest exactly solvable microscopic system which shows the approach to laser oscillation.

  15. Repeated interaction model for diffusion-induced Ramsey narrowing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walsworth, Ronald L.

    Repeated interaction model for diffusion-induced Ramsey narrowing Yanhong Xiao 1, Irina Novikova 2. Xiao et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 043601 (2006)] we characterized diffusion-induced Ramsey narrowing presentation of the repeated interaction model of diffusion-induced Ramsey narrowing, with particular focus

  16. Narrow field electromagnetic sensor system and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McEwan, Thomas E. (Livermore, CA)

    1996-01-01

    A narrow field electromagnetic sensor system and method of sensing a characteristic of an object provide the capability to realize a characteristic of an object such as density, thickness, or presence, for any desired coordinate position on the object. One application is imaging. The sensor can also be used as an obstruction detector or an electronic trip wire with a narrow field without the disadvantages of impaired performance when exposed to dirt, snow, rain, or sunlight. The sensor employs a transmitter for transmitting a sequence of electromagnetic signals in response to a transmit timing signal, a receiver for sampling only the initial direct RF path of the electromagnetic signal while excluding all other electromagnetic signals in response to a receive timing signal, and a signal processor for processing the sampled direct RF path electromagnetic signal and providing an indication of the characteristic of an object. Usually, the electromagnetic signal is a short RF burst and the obstruction must provide a substantially complete eclipse of the direct RF path. By employing time-of-flight techniques, a timing circuit controls the receiver to sample only the initial direct RF path of the electromagnetic signal while not sampling indirect path electromagnetic signals. The sensor system also incorporates circuitry for ultra-wideband spread spectrum operation that reduces interference to and from other RF services while allowing co-location of multiple electronic sensors without the need for frequency assignments.

  17. Narrow field electromagnetic sensor system and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McEwan, T.E.

    1996-11-19

    A narrow field electromagnetic sensor system and method of sensing a characteristic of an object provide the capability to realize a characteristic of an object such as density, thickness, or presence, for any desired coordinate position on the object. One application is imaging. The sensor can also be used as an obstruction detector or an electronic trip wire with a narrow field without the disadvantages of impaired performance when exposed to dirt, snow, rain, or sunlight. The sensor employs a transmitter for transmitting a sequence of electromagnetic signals in response to a transmit timing signal, a receiver for sampling only the initial direct RF path of the electromagnetic signal while excluding all other electromagnetic signals in response to a receive timing signal, and a signal processor for processing the sampled direct RF path electromagnetic signal and providing an indication of the characteristic of an object. Usually, the electromagnetic signal is a short RF burst and the obstruction must provide a substantially complete eclipse of the direct RF path. By employing time-of-flight techniques, a timing circuit controls the receiver to sample only the initial direct RF path of the electromagnetic signal while not sampling indirect path electromagnetic signals. The sensor system also incorporates circuitry for ultra-wideband spread spectrum operation that reduces interference to and from other RF services while allowing co-location of multiple electronic sensors without the need for frequency assignments. 12 figs.

  18. Explosive plane-wave lens

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Marsh, S.P.

    1988-03-08

    An explosive plane-wave air lens which enables a spherical wave form to be converted to a planar wave without the need to specially machine or shape explosive materials is described. A disc-shaped impactor having a greater thickness at its center than around its periphery is used to convert the spherical wave into a plane wave. When the wave reaches the impactor, the center of the impactor moves first because the spherical wave reaches the center of the impactor first. The wave strikes the impactor later in time as one moves radially along the impactor. Because the impactor is thinner as one moves radially outward, the velocity of the impactor is greater at the periphery than at the center. An acceptor explosive is positioned so that the impactor strikes the acceptor simultaneously. Consequently, a plane detonation wave is propagated through the acceptor explosive. 4 figs.

  19. Explosive plane-wave lens

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Marsh, S.P.

    1987-03-12

    An explosive plane-wave air lens which enables a spherical wave form to be converted to a planar wave without the need to specially machine or shape explosive materials is described. A disc-shaped impactor having a greater thickness at its center than around its periphery is used to convert the spherical wave into a plane wave. When the wave reaches the impactor, the center of the impactor moves first because the spherical wave reaches the center of the impactor first. The wave strikes the impactor later in time as one moves radially along the impactor. Because the impactor is thinner as one moves radially outward, the velocity of the impactor is greater at the periphery than at the center. An acceptor explosive is positioned so that the impactor strikes the acceptor simultaneously. Consequently, a plane detonation wave is propagated through the acceptor explosive. 3 figs., 3 tabs.

  20. Plane and parabolic solar panels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sales, J H O

    2009-01-01

    We present a plane and parabolic collector that absorbs radiant energy and transforms it in heat. Therefore we have a panel to heat water. We study how to increment this capture of solar beams onto the panel in order to increase its efficiency in heating water.

  1. Plane and parabolic solar panels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. H. O. Sales; A. T. Suzuki

    2009-05-14

    We present a plane and parabolic collector that absorbs radiant energy and transforms it in heat. Therefore we have a panel to heat water. We study how to increment this capture of solar beams onto the panel in order to increase its efficiency in heating water.

  2. Linear Instability of the Plane Couette and Plane Poiseuille Flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chefranov, Sergey G

    2015-01-01

    We show possibility of the Plane Couette (PC) flow instability for Reynolds number Re>Reth=140. This new result of the linear hydrodynamic stability theory is obtained on the base of refusal from the traditionally used assumption on longitudinal periodicity of the disturbances along the direction of the fluid flow. We found that earlier existing understanding on the linear stability of this flow for any arbitrary large Reynolds number is directly related with an assumption on the separation of the variables of the spatial variability for the disturbance field and their periodicity in linear theory of stability. By the refusal from the pointed assumptions also for the Plane Poiseuille (PP) flow, we get a new threshold Reynolds value Reth=1040 that with 4% accuracy agrees with the experiment contrary to more than 500% discrepancy for the earlier known estimate Reth=5772 obtained in the frame of the linear theory but when using the "normal" disturbance form (S. A. Orszag, 1971).

  3. Motion of spinning test bodies in Kerr spacetime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eva Hackmann; Claus Lämmerzahl; Yuri N. Obukhov; Dirk Puetzfeld; Isabell Schaffer

    2014-09-23

    We investigate the motion of spinning test bodies in General Relativity. By means of a multipolar approximation method for extended test bodies we derive the equations of motion, and classify the orbital motion of pole-dipole test bodies in the equatorial plane of the Kerr geometry. An exact expression for the periastron shift of a spinning test body is given. Implications of test body spin corrections are studied and compared with the results obtained by means of other approximation schemes.

  4. Eight plane IPND mechanical testing.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhao, A.; Guarino, V.; Wood, K.; Nephew, T.; Ayres, D.; Lee, A.; High Energy Physics; FNAL

    2008-03-18

    A mechanical test of an 8 plane IPND mechanical prototype, which was constructed using extrusions from the testing/tryout of the 16 cell prototype extrusion die in Argonne National Laboratory, was conducted. There were 4 vertical and 4 horizontal planes in this 8 plane IPND prototype. Each vertical plane had four 16 cell extrusions, while each horizontal plane had six 16 cell extrusions. Each plane was glued together using the formulation of Devcon adhesive, Devcon 60. The vertical extrusions used in the vertical planes shares the same dimensions as the horizontal extrusions in the horizontal planes with the average web thickness of 2.1 mm and the average wall thickness of 3.1 mm. This mechanical prototype was constructed with end-seals on the both ends of the vertical extrusions. The gaps were filled with epoxy between extrusions and end-seals. The overall dimension of IPND is 154.8 by 103.1 by 21.7 inches with the weight of approximately 1200 kg, as shown in a figure. Two similar mechanical tests of 3 layer and 11 layer prototypes have been done in order to evaluate the strength of the adhesive joint between extrusions in the NOvA detector. The test showed that the IPND prototype was able to sustain under the loading of weight of itself and scintillator. Two FEA models were built to verify the measurement data from the test. The prediction from FEA slice model seems correlated reasonably well to the test result, even under a 'rough' estimated condition for the wall thickness (from an untuned die) and an unknown property of 'garage type' extrusion. A full size of FEA 3-D model also agrees very well with the test data from strain gage readings. It is worthy to point out that the stress distribution of the structure is predominantly determined by the internal pressure, while the buckling stability relies more on the loading weight from the extrusions themselves and scintillate. Results of conducted internal pressure tests, including 3- cell, 11-cell and the IPND prototypes, have been correlated to the FEA analysis very well. The authors believe they have quite good understanding of response of the NOvA structures subjected to the internal pressure, while the understanding of buckling stability is far behind. Therefore, more effect should be laid to improve the buckling considering that the FEA analysis usually is not able accurately modeling the stability as good as the stress analysis. The IPND structure was mostly built using 'scrape' piece extrusions (whatever available in shop). Therefore, a future test should be more focus on by using a actual real extrusions, for example like Nova -27 (if a final choice is made) and extrusion from a tuned die (very important). The authors should/will repeat 11 layers test with an actual thicker piece for the vertical to verify the adhesive joint and similar large scale prototype with a symmetry case, either 9 or 11 layers with the dial indicator on the both side.

  5. Tunable pulsed narrow bandwidth light source

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Powers, Peter E. (Dayton, OH); Kulp, Thomas J. (Livermore, CA)

    2002-01-01

    A tunable pulsed narrow bandwidth light source and a method of operating a light source are provided. The light source includes a pump laser, first and second non-linear optical crystals, a tunable filter, and light pulse directing optics. The method includes the steps of operating the pump laser to generate a pulsed pump beam characterized by a nanosecond pulse duration and arranging the light pulse directing optics so as to (i) split the pulsed pump beam into primary and secondary pump beams; (ii) direct the primary pump beam through an input face of the first non-linear optical crystal such that a primary output beam exits from an output face of the first non-linear optical crystal; (iii) direct the primary output beam through the tunable filter to generate a sculpted seed beam; and direct the sculpted seed beam and the secondary pump beam through an input face of the second non-linear optical crystal such that a secondary output beam characterized by at least one spectral bandwidth on the order of about 0.1 cm.sup.-1 and below exits from an output face of the second non-linear optical crystal.

  6. Diffusion-Induced Ramsey Narrowing Yanhong Xiao,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walsworth, Ronald L.

    Diffusion-Induced Ramsey Narrowing Yanhong Xiao,1 Irina Novikova,1 David F. Phillips,1 and Ronald L February 2006) Diffusion-induced Ramsey narrowing is characterized and identified as a general phenomenon of interaction (inside the laser beam), in analogy to Ramsey spectroscopy [4]. In many cases of interest

  7. A new mathematical explanation of the Tacoma Narrows Bridge collapse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A new mathematical explanation of the Tacoma Narrows Bridge collapse Gianni ARIOLI - Filippo The spectacular collapse of the Tacoma Narrows Bridge, which occurred in 1940, has attracted the at- tention a new mathematical model for the study of the dy- namical behavior of suspension bridges which provides

  8. Termination of Narrowing in Left-Linear Constructor Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vidal, Germán

    [24], partial evaluation [1, 48], refining methods for proving the termination of rewriting [8, 9Termination of Narrowing in Left-Linear Constructor Systems Germ´an Vidal Technical University.g., it forms the basis of functional logic languages). Surprisingly, the termination of narrowing has been

  9. CCCG 2010, Winnipeg MB, August 911, 2010 Six-way Equipartitioning by Three Lines in the Plane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steiger, William

    William Steiger Mario Szegedy Jihui Zhao Abstract Let K be a convex body in the plane with area 1 A(T ) > z0 was later proved by Sholander [18] (see also [9], [10], [11]). He thus showed

  10. Direct band gap narrowing in highly doped Ge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Zhaohong

    Direct band gap narrowing in highly doped n-type Ge is observed through photoluminescence measurements by determining the spectrum peak shift. A linear relationship between the direct band gap emission and carrier concentration ...

  11. Comment on the narrow structure reported by Amaryan et al

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Anghinolfi; J. Ball; N. A. Baltzell; M. Battaglieri; I. Bedlinskiy; M. Bellis; A. S. Biselli; C. Bookwalter; S. Boiarinov; P. Bosted; V. D. Burkert; D. S. Carman; A. Celentano; S. Chandavar; P. L. Cole; V. Crede; R. De Vita; E. De Sanctis; B. Dey; R. Dickson; D. Doughty; M. Dugger; R. Dupre; H. Egiyan; A. El Alaoui; L. El Fassi; L. Elouadrhiri; P. Eugenio; G. Fedotov; M. Y. Gabrielyan; M. Garcon; G. P. Gilfoyle; K. L. Giovanetti; F. X. Girod; J. T. Goetz; E. Golovatch; M. Guidal; L. Guo; K. Hafidi; H. Hakobyan; D. Heddle; K. Hicks; M. Holtrop; D. G. Ireland; B. S. Ishkhanov; E. L. Isupov; H. S. Jo; K. Joo; P. Khetarpal; A. Kim; W. Kim; V. Kubarovsky; S. V. Kuleshov; H. Y. Lu; L. J. D. MacGregor; N. Markov; M. E. McCracken; B. McKinnon; M. D. Mestayer; C. A. Meyer; M. Mirazita; V. Mokeev; K. Moriya; B. Morrison; A. Ni; S. Niccolai; G. Niculescu; I. Niculescu; M. Osipenko; A. I Ostrovidov; K. Park; S. Park; S. Anefalos Pereira; S. Pisano; O. Pogorelko; S. Pozdniakov; J. W. Price; G. Ricco; M. Ripani; B. G. Ritchie; P. Rossi; D. Schott; R. A. Schumacher; E. Seder; Y. G. Sharabian; E. S. Smith; D. I Sober; S. S. Stepanyan; P. Stoler; W. Tang; M. Ungaro; B. Vernarsky; M. F. Vineyard; D. P. Weygand; M. H. Wood; N. Zachariou; B. Zhao

    2012-04-05

    The CLAS Collaboration provides a comment on the physics interpretation of the results presented in a paper published by M. Amaryan et al. regarding the possible observation of a narrow structure in the mass spectrum of a photoproduction experiment.

  12. Further evidence for narrow exotic low mass baryons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Tatischeff

    2004-04-29

    Although narrow low mass baryonic structures, observed mainly in SPES3 (Saturne) data, were not confirmed in recent experiments using lepton probes, their existence is confirmed in other data, where hadronic probes were used.

  13. LIAISON NAVIGATION IN THE SUN-EARTH-MOON FOUR-BODY and Martin W. Lo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Born, George

    AAS 06-221 LIAISON NAVIGATION IN THE SUN-EARTH-MOON FOUR-BODY PROBLEM Keric Hill and Martin W. Lo-body problem involving the Earth,the Moon, and also the Sun. These bicircular libration orbits similar to halo-Moon orbit plane is inclined with respect to the Sun-Earth orbit plane, the error was increased again

  14. Wave Energy Prize Narrowed from 92 Teams to Top 20 | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Wave Energy Prize Narrowed from 92 Teams to Top 20 Wave Energy Prize Narrowed from 92 Teams to Top 20 August 14, 2015 - 2:16pm Addthis Wave Energy Prize Narrowed from 92 Teams to...

  15. Jet Noise Shielding for Advanced Hybrid Wing-Body Configurations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papamoschou, Dimitri

    1 Jet Noise Shielding for Advanced Hybrid Wing-Body Configurations Dimitri Papamoschou noise shielding with an advanced design for the Hybrid Wing- Body airplane. The design, called N2AEXTE coordinates relative to plug tip X = axial distance between fan exit plane and shield trailing edge Subscripts

  16. Solar Impulse's Solar-Powered Plane

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Moniz, Ernest; Piccard, Bertrand; Reicher, Dan

    2014-01-07

    Solar Impulse lands in Washington, DC at Washington Dulles International Airport as part of its journey across the United States. Secretary Ernest Moniz speaks about how advancements like those at the Department of Energy are leading the way for innovations like the solar-powered plane. Footage of the solar-powered plane courtesy of Solar Impulse.

  17. Solar Impulse's Solar-Powered Plane

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moniz, Ernest; Piccard, Bertrand; Reicher, Dan

    2013-07-08

    Solar Impulse lands in Washington, DC at Washington Dulles International Airport as part of its journey across the United States. Secretary Ernest Moniz speaks about how advancements like those at the Department of Energy are leading the way for innovations like the solar-powered plane. Footage of the solar-powered plane courtesy of Solar Impulse.

  18. Exotic low mass narrow baryons extracted from charge exchange reactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Tatischeff; E. Tomasi-Gustafsson

    2010-02-12

    This paper aims to give further evidence for the existence of low mass exotic baryons. Narrow structures in baryonic missing mass or baryonic invariant mass were observed during the last twelve years. Since their evidence is still under debate, various data, measured with incident hadrons, by different collaborations, are reanalyzed to bring evidence on these narrow exotic baryonic resonances excited in charge-exchange reactions. These structures are clearly exotic as there is no room for them in the $qqq$ configurations: their width is smaller than the widths of "classical" baryonic resonances, moreover some of the masses lie below the pion threshold mass.

  19. Termination of Narrowing in Left-Linear Constructor Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vidal, Germán

    ], model checking [17], partial evaluation [1, 32], refining methods for proving the terminationTermination of Narrowing in Left-Linear Constructor Systems Germ´an Vidal Technical University in different contexts, ranging from the- orem proving to language design. Surprisingly, the termination of nar

  20. Fast Narrowing-Driven Partial Evaluation for Inductively Sequential Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vidal, Germán

    introduce a faster partial evaluation scheme by ensuring the termination of the process offline--only contain finitely many different terms (and, thus, partial evaluation terminates). Since this class, performance, theory Keywords narrowing, quasi-termination, offline partial evaluation 1. Introduction Given

  1. Modular Termination of Basic Narrowing and Equational Unification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escobar, Santiago

    constraint solving [4, 5], partial evaluation [6], and model checking [17], among others. TerminationModular Termination of Basic Narrowing and Equational Unification Mar´ia Alpuente Santiago Escobar steps to a set of unblocked (or basic) positions. In this work, we study the modularity of termination

  2. Fast NarrowingDriven Partial Evaluation for Inductively Sequential Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vidal, Germán

    ). In this work, we introduce a faster partial evaluation scheme by ensuring the termination of the process evaluation---only contain finitely many different terms (and, thus, partial evaluation terminates). SinceFast Narrowing­Driven Partial Evaluation for Inductively Sequential Programs J. Guadalupe Ramos

  3. Oine narrowing-driven partial evaluation J. Guadalupe Ramos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vidal, Germán

    termination issues are addressed. Online partial evaluators are usually more pre- cise. However, this extra NPE scheme by ensuring termination oine. Of- ine partial evaluators proceed in two stages: the rstOine narrowing-driven partial evaluation J. Guadalupe Ramos Josep Silva Germán Vidal I.T. La

  4. The electronic structure of heavy fermions: Narrow temperature independent bands

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arko, A.J.; Joyce, J.J.; Smith, J.L.; Andrews, A.B.

    1996-08-01

    The electronic structure of both Ce and U heavy fermions appears to consist of extremely narrow temperature independent bands. There is no evidence from photoemission for a collective phenomenon normally referred to as the Kondo resonance. In uranium compounds a small dispersion of the bands is easily measurable.

  5. On Finding Narrow Passages with Probabilistic Roadmap Planners

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Latombe, Jean-Claude

    On Finding Narrow Passages with Probabilistic Roadmap Planners David Hsu, Stanford University University, Stanford, CA, USA A probabilistic roadmap is a network of simple paths connecting collision­free configurations obtained by sampling a robot's configuration space at random. Several probabilistic roadmap

  6. The Gravitational Field of a Plane Slab

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ricardo E. Gamboa Saravi

    2009-05-07

    We discuss the exact solution of Einstein's equation corresponding to a static and plane symmetric distribution of matter with constant positive density located below $z=0$ matched to vacuum solutions.

  7. Computer network control plane tampering monitor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Michalski, John T.; Tarman, Thomas D.; Black, Stephen P.; Torgerson, Mark D.

    2010-06-08

    A computer network control plane tampering monitor that detects unauthorized alteration of a label-switched path setup for an information packet intended for transmission through a computer network.

  8. Particle Impact Damping in the Horizontal Plane 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Witt, Bryan

    2012-07-16

    Particle impact damping is measured for a cantilevered beam vibrating freely in the horizontal plane. Several particle configurations are investigated beginning with a single particle and progressing to multiple layers of particles. The effects...

  9. Narrow groove welding gas diffuser assembly and welding torch

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rooney, Stephen J. (East Berne, NY)

    2001-01-01

    A diffuser assembly is provided for narrow groove welding using an automatic gas tungsten arc welding torch. The diffuser assembly includes a manifold adapted for adjustable mounting on the welding torch which is received in a central opening in the manifold. Laterally extending manifold sections communicate with a shield gas inlet such that shield gas supplied to the inlet passes to gas passages of the manifold sections. First and second tapered diffusers are respectively connected to the manifold sections in fluid communication with the gas passages thereof. The diffusers extend downwardly along the torch electrode on opposite sides thereof so as to release shield gas along the length of the electrode and at the distal tip of the electrode. The diffusers are of a transverse width which is on the order of the thickness of the electrode so that the diffusers can, in use, be inserted into a narrow welding groove before and after the electrode in the direction of the weld operation.

  10. ISOCAM Photometry of Narrow-Line X-ray Galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. D. Law-Green; A. Zezas; M. J. Ward; C. Boisson

    1998-12-23

    Mid-infrared photometry of the hosts of Narrow-Line X-ray Galaxies at 6 microns and 12 microns has been attempted with ISOCAM. No conclusive detections have been made. This implies that these are quiescent objects with little or no active star-formation. Neither X-ray binaries nor starburst-driven superwinds are consistent explanations for the X-ray emission in these objects. We conclude that these NLXGs are predominantly AGN-powered.

  11. Critical Heat Flux in Inclined Rectangular Narrow Gaps

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jeong J. Kim; Yong H. Kim; Seong J. Kim; Sang W. Noh; Kune Y. Suh; Joy L. Rempe; Fan-Bill Cheung; Sang B. Kim

    2004-06-01

    In light of the TMI-2 accident, in which the reactor vessel lower head survived the attack by molten core material, the in-vessel retention strategy was suggested to benefit from cooling the debris through a gap between the lower head and the core material. The GAMMA 1D (Gap Apparatus Mitigating Melt Attack One Dimensional) tests were conducted to investigate the critical heat flux (CHF) in narrow gaps with varying surface orientations. The CHF in an inclined gap, especially in case of the downward-facing narrow gap, is dictated by bubble behavior because the departing bubbles are squeezed. The orientation angle affects the bubble layer and escape of the bubbles from the narrow gap. The test parameters include gap sizes of 1, 2, 5 and 10 mm and the open periphery, and the orientation angles range from the fully downward-facing (180o) to the vertical (90o) position. The 15 ×35 mm copper test section was electrically heated by the thin film resistor on the back. The heater assembly was installed to the tip of the rotating arm in the heated water pool at the atmospheric pressure. The bubble behavior was photographed utilizing a high-speed camera through the Pyrex glass spacer. It was observed that the CHF decreased as the surface inclination angle increased and as the gap size decreased in most of the cases. However, the opposing results were obtained at certain surface orientations and gap sizes. Transition angles, at which the CHF changed in a rapid slope, were also detected, which is consistent with the existing literature. A semi-empirical CHF correlation was developed for the inclined narrow rectangular channels through dimensional analysis. The correlation provides with best-estimate CHF values for realistically assessing the thermal margin to failure of the lower head during a severe accident involving relocation of the core material.

  12. Analysis of ultra-narrow ferromagnetic domain walls

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jenkins, Catherine; Paul, David

    2012-01-10

    New materials with high magnetic anisotropy will have domains separated by ultra-narrow ferromagnetic walls with widths on the order of a few unit cells, approaching the limit where the elastic continuum approximation often used in micromagnetic simulations is accurate. The limits of this approximation are explored, and the static and dynamic interactions with intrinsic crystalline defects and external driving #12;elds are modeled. The results developed here will be important when considering the stability of ultra-high-density storage media.

  13. Photonic bandgap narrowing in conical hollow core Bragg fibers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ozturk, Fahri Emre; Yildirim, Adem; Kanik, Mehmet; Bayindir, Mehmet

    2014-08-18

    We report the photonic bandgap engineering of Bragg fibers by controlling the thickness profile of the fiber during the thermal drawing. Conical hollow core Bragg fibers were produced by thermal drawing under a rapidly alternating load, which was applied by introducing steep changes to the fiber drawing speed. In conventional cylindrical Bragg fibers, light is guided by omnidirectional reflections from interior dielectric mirrors with a single quarter wave stack period. In conical fibers, the diameter reduction introduced a gradient of the quarter wave stack period along the length of the fiber. Therefore, the light guided within the fiber encountered slightly smaller dielectric layer thicknesses at each reflection, resulting in a progressive blueshift of the reflectance spectrum. As the reflectance spectrum shifts, longer wavelengths of the initial bandgap cease to be omnidirectionally reflected and exit through the cladding, which narrows the photonic bandgap. A narrow transmission bandwidth is particularly desirable in hollow waveguide mid-infrared sensing schemes, where broadband light is coupled to the fiber and the analyte vapor is introduced into the hollow core to measure infrared absorption. We carried out sensing simulations using the absorption spectrum of isopropyl alcohol vapor to demonstrate the importance of narrow bandgap fibers in chemical sensing applications.

  14. A Demand Driven Computation Strategy for Lazy Narrowing ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loogen, Rita

    Control on Demand Gísli Hjálmtýsson + and Samrat Bhattacharjee # + AT&T Labs -- Research, 180 Park 30332 1 Abstract. Control on demand is a paradigm for network programmability at the network transport functionality, relegating programmability to control plane connection management. In con­ trast, control­on­demand

  15. THE PLANE OF THE KUIPER BELT Michael E. Brown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Michael E.

    THE PLANE OF THE KUIPER BELT Michael E. Brown Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences of the Kuiper belt. The derived plane has an inclination with respect to the ecliptic of 1 .86 and an ascending node of 81 .6, with a 1 error in pole position of the plane of 0 .37. The plane of the Kuiper belt

  16. U & V PLANE MODULE ASSY 127 - S

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    FRONT (UPSTREAM SIDE) U & V PLANES WITH PERIMETER BLOCKS 7 FIBER BUNDLE ALL OTHERS ARE 8 FIBER 126.88 83.80 89.05 FINAL SIZE TBD B B C C A A D D SECTION A-A SCALE 1 : 1 SECTION C-C...

  17. X PLANE MODULE ASSY 127 - Sheet

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    .63 SECTION D-D SCALE 1 : 1 .63 SECTION A-A PERIMETER BLOCKS SCALE 1 : 1 X PLANE & FRONT (UPSTREAM SIDE) 45.88 4.20 .63 2.60 3.00 SCINT CORNER CUT-BACK DETAIL E SCALE 1 : 1 .20...

  18. CHIRAL SKYRMIONS IN THE PLANE CHRISTOF MELCHER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule Aachen (RWTH)

    -Moriya interaction. In continuum the- ories the corresponding energy contribution is, in contrast to the classical Skyrme mechanism from nuclear physics, of linear gradient dependence and breaks the chiral symmetry. In the simplest possible case of a ferromagnetic energy in the plane including symmetric and antisymmetric

  19. Reaction plane dispersion at intermediate energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Lukasik; W. Trautmann

    2006-03-29

    A method to derive the corrections for the dispersion of the reaction plane at intermediate energies is proposed. The method is based on the correlated, non-isotropic Gaussian approximation. It allowed to construct the excitation function of genuine flow values for the Au+Au reactions at 40-150 MeV/nucleon measured with the INDRA detector at GSI.

  20. Applied MathCAD Journal, Volume 2, Number 3, 1993 Lubrication Flow in a Narrow Gap

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kostic, Milivoje M.

    Applied MathCAD Journal, Volume 2, Number 3, 1993 Lubrication Flow in a Narrow Gap by M. Kostic in a narrow gap is a very characteristic problem in Fluid Mechanics, or more specifically in lubrication is reduced if a viscous fluid (lubricant) with viscosity Jl is allowed to move through a narrow but variable

  1. RESEARCH ARTICLE Broad-band versus narrow-band irradiance for estimating

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klimley, A. Peter

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Broad-band versus narrow-band irradiance for estimating latitude by archival tags of irradiance to estimate the latitude of archival tags was evaluated. These tags are placed on fishes in order irradiance with and without a cosine collector and narrow-band irradiance of seven narrow bands with 50

  2. Modular Termination of Basic Narrowing Maria Alpuente, Santiago Escobar, and Jose Iborra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpuente, María

    Modular Termination of Basic Narrowing Mar´ia Alpuente, Santiago Escobar, and Jos´e Iborra theories. Another application is analyzing ter- mination of narrowing by checking the termination of basic narrowing, as done in pioneering work by Hullot. In this work, we study the modu- larity of termination

  3. Plane waves in anisotropic viscoelastic media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrzej Hanyga

    2015-07-13

    Two concepts of plane waves in anisotropic viscoelastic media are studied. One of these concepts allows for the use of methods based on the theory of complete Bernstein functions. This allows for a deeper study of frequency-domain asymptotics of the attenuation function and time-domain regularity at the wavefronts. A relation between the direction of the energy flux density and the attenuation vector is examined under much more general assumptions.

  4. Al+LiF Coated Focal Plane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al+LiF Coated Mirror #2 Focal Plane Assemblies (4) Detectors (2) Al+LiF Coated Mirror #1 SiC Coated Mirror #2 SiC Coated Mirror #1 Rowland Circles Al+LiF Coated Grating #2 Al+LiF Coated Grating #1 SiC Coated Grating #2 z y x Figure 1 A schematic view of the FUSE optical system. 1. INTRODUCTION The Far

  5. Blackfolds, Plane Waves and Minimal Surfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jay Armas; Matthias Blau

    2015-08-06

    Minimal surfaces in Euclidean space provide examples of possible non-compact horizon geometries and topologies in asymptotically flat space-time. On the other hand, the existence of limiting surfaces in the space-time provides a simple mechanism for making these configurations compact. Limiting surfaces appear naturally in a given space-time by making minimal surfaces rotate but they are also inherent to plane wave or de Sitter space-times in which case minimal surfaces can be static and compact. We use the blackfold approach in order to scan for possible black hole horizon geometries and topologies in asymptotically flat, plane wave and de Sitter space-times. In the process we uncover several new configurations, such as black helicoids and catenoids, some of which have an asymptotically flat counterpart. In particular, we find that the ultraspinning regime of singly-spinning Myers-Perry black holes, described in terms of the simplest minimal surface (the plane), can be obtained as a limit of a black helicoid, suggesting that these two families of black holes are connected. We also show that minimal surfaces embedded in spheres rather than Euclidean space can be used to construct static compact horizons in asymptotically de Sitter space-times.

  6. Neutral and positively charged excitons in narrow quantum ring

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Porras Monroy, L. C.; Rodríguez-Prada, F. A.; Mikhailov, I. D.

    2014-05-15

    We study theoretically quantized states of a neutral and a positively charged exciton (trion X{sup +}) confined in a heterostructure with the ring-like geometry. In order to assess the experimentally relevant domain of parameters, we adopt a simple model of a narrow ring when 3D wave equations for the neutral and positively charged excitons can be separated. By using the Fourier series method, we have calculated the energy spectra of excitons complexes in a quantum ring as a function of the electron-to-hole mass ratio, the ring radius, and the magnetic field strength. The quantum-size effect and the size-dependent magnetic oscillations of energy levels of excitons' complexes spectra have been revealed.

  7. Engineering integrated pure narrow-band photon sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Enrico Pomarico; Bruno Sanguinetti; Clara I. Osorio; Harald Herrmann; Rob Thew

    2011-08-29

    Engineering and controlling well defined states of light for quantum information applications is of increasing importance as the complexity of quantum systems grows. For example, in quantum networks high multi-photon interference visibility requires properly devised single mode sources. In this paper we propose a spontaneous parametric down conversion source based on an integrated cavity-waveguide, where single narrow-band, possibly distinct, spectral modes for the idler and the signal fields can be generated. This mode selection takes advantage of the clustering effect, due to the intrinsic dispersion of the nonlinear material. In combination with a CW laser and fast detection, our approach provides a means to engineer a source that can efficiently generate pure photons, without filtering, that is compatible with long distance quantum communication. Furthermore, it is extremely flexible and could easily be adapted to a wide variety of wavelengths and applications.

  8. Long-pulse-width narrow-bandwidth solid state laser

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dane, C.B.; Hackel, L.A.

    1997-11-18

    A long pulse laser system emits 500-1000 ns quasi-rectangular pulses at 527 nm with near diffraction-limited divergence and near transform-limited bandwidth. The system consists of one or more flashlamp-pumped Nd:glass zig-zag amplifiers, a very low threshold stimulated-Brillouin-scattering (SBS) phase conjugator system, and a free-running single frequency Nd:YLF master oscillator. Completely passive polarization switching provides eight amplifier gain passes. Multiple frequency output can be generated by using SBS cells having different pressures of a gaseous SBS medium or different SBS materials. This long pulse, low divergence, narrow-bandwidth, multi-frequency output laser system is ideally suited for use as an illuminator for long range speckle imaging applications. Because of its high average power and high beam quality, this system has application in any process which would benefit from a long pulse format, including material processing and medical applications. 5 figs.

  9. Long-pulse-width narrow-bandwidth solid state laser

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dane, C. Brent (Livermore, CA); Hackel, Lloyd A. (Livermore, CA)

    1997-01-01

    A long pulse laser system emits 500-1000 ns quasi-rectangular pulses at 527 nm with near diffraction-limited divergence and near transform-limited bandwidth. The system consists of one or more flashlamp-pumped Nd:glass zig-zag amplifiers, a very low threshold stimulated-Brillouin-scattering (SBS) phase conjugator system, and a free-running single frequency Nd:YLF master oscillator. Completely passive polarization switching provides eight amplifier gain passes. Multiple frequency output can be generated by using SBS cells having different pressures of a gaseous SBS medium or different SBS materials. This long pulse, low divergence, narrow-bandwidth, multi-frequency output laser system is ideally suited for use as an illuminator for long range speckle imaging applications. Because of its high average power and high beam quality, this system has application in any process which would benefit from a long pulse format, including material processing and medical applications.

  10. Flow regimes and heat transfer in vertical narrow annuli

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ulke, A.; Goldberg, I.

    1993-11-01

    In shell side boiling heat exchangers narrow crevices that are formed between the tubes and the tube support structure provide areas for local thermal-hydraulic conditions which differ significantly from bulk fluid conditions. Understanding of the processes of boiling and dryout in flow restricted crevices can help in designing of tube support geometries to minimize the likelihood of tube support plate and tube corrosion observed in commercial power plant steam generators. This paper describes a one dimensional thermal-hydraulic model of a vertical crevice between a tube and a support plate with cylindrical holes. The annulus formed by the support plate hole and an eccentrically located tube has been represented by vertical strips. The formation, growth and collapse of a steam bubble in each strip has been determined. Based on the bubble history, and flow regimes characterized by ``isolated`` bubbles, ``coalesced`` bubbles and liquid deficient regions have been defined.

  11. The Plane Truth: Andromeda analog thin Planes of Satellites are not kinematical coherent structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buck, Tobias; Macciò, Andrea V

    2015-01-01

    A large fraction of the dwarf satellite galaxies orbiting the Andromeda galaxy are surprisingly aligned in a thin, extended and seemingly kinematically coherent planar structure. Such a structure is not easily found in simulations based on the Cold Dark Matter model. Using 21 high resolution cosmological simulations based on this model we analyze in detail the kinematical structure of planes of satellites resembling the one observed around Andromeda when co-rotation is characterized by the line-of-sight velocity. At the same time, when co-rotation is inferred by the angular momenta of the satellites, the planes are in excellent agreement with the plane around the Milky Way. Furthermore, we find such planes to be common in our simulations. Investigation of the kinematics of the satellites in the plane reveals that the number of co-rotating satellites varies by 2 to 5 out of ~12 depending on the viewing angle. These variations are consistent with that obtained from a sample with random velocities. Using instead...

  12. Discovery of Diffuse TeV Gamma-Ray Emission from the Galactic Plane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fleysher, R; Benbow, W; Berley, D; Blaufuss, E; Coyne, D G; De Young, T R; Dingus, B L; Dorfan, D E; Ellsworth, R W; Fleysher, L; Gisler, G; González, M M; Goodman, J A; Haines, T J; Hays, E; Hoffman, C M; Kelley, L A; Lansdell, C P; Linnemann, J T; McEnery, J E; Miller, R S; Mincer, A I; Morales, M F; Némethy, P; Noyes, D; Ryan, J M; Samuelson, F W; Saz-Parkinson, P M; Shoup, A; Sinnis, G; Smith, A J; Sullivan, G W; Williams, D A; Wilson, M E; Xu, X W; Yodh, G B

    2005-01-01

    Gamma-ray emission from a narrow band at the Galactic equator has previously been detected up to 30 GeV. We report the first observation of a diffuse Galactic plane gamma-ray signal at TeV energies by Milagro, a large field of view water Cherenkov detector for extensive air showers. An excess with a significance of 4.5 sigma has been observed from the region of Galactic longitude 40 1TeV) = 5.1 +/-1.0 +/-1.7 10^{-10} cm^{-2}s^{-1} sr^{-1}$. This flux is below, but consistent with, an extrapolation of the EGRET spectrum between 1 and 30 GeV in this Galactic region.

  13. Energy Distribution of Black Plane Solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paul Halpern

    2006-03-27

    We use the Einstein energy-momentum complex to calculate the energy distribution of static plane-symmetric solutions of the Einstein-Maxwell equations in 3+1 dimensions with asymptotic anti-de Sitter behavior. This solution is expressed in terms of three parameters: the mass, electric charge and cosmological constant. We compare the energy distribution to that of the Reissner-Nordstrom-anti-de Sitter solution, pointing to qualitative differences between the models. Finally, we examine these results within the context of the Cooperstock hypothesis.

  14. Brane webs and $O5$-planes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gabi Zafrir

    2015-12-26

    We explore the properties of five-dimensional supersymmetric gauge theories living on $5$-brane webs in orientifold $5$-plane backgrounds. This allows constructing quiver gauge theories with alternating $USp(2N)$ and $SO(N)$ gauge groups with fundamental matter, and thus leads to the existence of new $5d$ fixed point theories. The web description can be further used to study non-perturbative phenomena such as enhancement of symmetry and duality. We further suggest that one can use these systems to engineer $5d$ $SO$ group with spinor matter. We present evidence for this claim.

  15. Plane Tree Capital LLP | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII JumpQuarterly SmartDB-2, Blue MountainSchool District Wind FarmInvestmentsPlane

  16. The plane stress state of residually stressed bodies: a stress function approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael Moshe; Eran Sharon; Raz Kupferman

    2015-10-12

    The stressed state of flattened thin elastic sheet, as well as that of translationally symmetric 3D solids, are effectively 2D problems. This paper study equilibrium state-of-stress in metrically-incompatible 2D elastic materials. The solution is represented by a scalar stress function, generalizing the Airy stress function, which is determined by geometric compatibility conditions. We develop a perturbative approximation method for solving this stress function, valid for any constitutive relation. We apply the method for the case of a Hookean solid to solve prototypical examples in which the classical Airy approach is either inaccurate or inapplicable. Results are shown to agree well with numerical results obtained in previous works.

  17. ACOUSTIC PLANE WAVE A. CHRISTOFFEL EQUATIONS FOR ISOTROPIC AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duffy, Thomas S.

    Appendix 3 ACOUSTIC PLANE WAVE PROPERTIES A. CHRISTOFFEL EQUATIONS FOR ISOTROPIC AND ANISOTROPICI/; + - 2cl(/xl.y (C1:1 + (1'13 + (el:l + (c1:1 + T ACOUSTIC PLANE WAVE PROI'ERTIES 385 ORTHORHOMBIC ell- 0 + C SIIl- () 2 44 ! a quasishear wave, (\\ 'II (~ _ \\1/( (J~, ACOUSTIC PLANE WAVE PROPERTIES 387 (k

  18. On the map of Vogel's plane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. L. Mkrtchyan

    2012-09-25

    We search points in a Vogel plane with regular universal expression for character of adjoint representation. This gives seven patterns of singularities cancellation, each giving a certain Diophantine equation of third order on three variables. Solutions of these equations are classical series of simple Lie algebras (including an "odd symplectic" one), $D_{2,1,\\lambda}$ superalgebra, the straight line of three-dimensional algebras, and a number of isolated solutions, including exceptional simple Lie algebras. One of these Diophantine equations, namely knm=4k+4n+2m+12 contains all simple Lie algebras, except SO(2N+1). Isolated solutions contain, beside exceptional simple Lie algebras, so called $E_{71/2}$ algebra and also two other similar (unknown) objects with positive dimensions. In addition, there are 47 isolated solutions in "unphysical semiplane" with negative dimensions. Isolated solutions mainly lie on a few straight lines in Vogel plane. All solutions give an integers in universal dimension formulae for first three symmetric powers of adjoint representation.

  19. Capillary electrophoresis-fluorescence line narrowing system (CE-FLNS) for on-line structural characterization

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jankowiak, Ryszard J. (Ames, IA); Small, Gerald J. (Ames, IA); Shields, Peter A. (Reading, MA)

    1999-04-27

    Capillary electrophoresis (CE) is interfaced with low temperature fluorescence line-narrowing (FLN) spectroscopy for on-line structural characterization of separated molecular analytes.

  20. Capillary electrophoresis-fluorescence line narrowing system (CE-FLNS) for on-line structural characterization

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jankowiak, R.J.; Small, G.J.; Shields, P.A.

    1999-04-27

    Capillary electrophoresis (CE) is interfaced with low temperature fluorescence line-narrowing (FLN) spectroscopy for on-line structural characterization of separated molecular analytes. 21 figs.

  1. Smart trigger logic for focal plane arrays

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Levy, James E; Campbell, David V; Holmes, Michael L; Lovejoy, Robert; Wojciechowski, Kenneth; Kay, Randolph R; Cavanaugh, William S; Gurrieri, Thomas M

    2014-03-25

    An electronic device includes a memory configured to receive data representing light intensity values from pixels in a focal plane array and a processor that analyzes the received data to determine which light values correspond to triggered pixels, where the triggered pixels are those pixels that meet a predefined set of criteria, and determines, for each triggered pixel, a set of neighbor pixels for which light intensity values are to be stored. The electronic device also includes a buffer that temporarily stores light intensity values for at least one previously processed row of pixels, so that when a triggered pixel is identified in a current row, light intensity values for the neighbor pixels in the previously processed row and for the triggered pixel are persistently stored, as well as a data transmitter that transmits the persistently stored light intensity values for the triggered and neighbor pixels to a data receiver.

  2. Traffic Noise and the Hyperbolic Plane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gibbons, G W

    2009-01-01

    We consider the problem of sound propagation in a wind. We note that the rays, as in the absence of a wind, are given by Fermat's principle and show how to map them to the trajectories of a charged particle moving in a magnetic field on a curved space. For the specific case of sound propagating in a stratified atmosphere with a small wind speed we show that the corresponding particle moves in a constant magnetic field on the hyperbolic plane. In this way we give a simple `straightedge and compass' method to estimate the intensity of sound upwind and downwind. We construct Mach envelopes for moving sources. Finally, we relate the problem to that of finding null geodesics in a squashed anti-de Sitter spacetime and discuss the $SO(3,1)\\times \\mathbb{R}$ symmetry of the problem from this point of view.

  3. Traffic Noise and the Hyperbolic Plane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. W. Gibbons; C. M. Warnick

    2010-10-07

    We consider the problem of sound propagation in a wind. We note that the rays, as in the absence of a wind, are given by Fermat's principle and show how to map them to the trajectories of a charged particle moving in a magnetic field on a curved space. For the specific case of sound propagating in a stratified atmosphere with a small wind speed we show that the corresponding particle moves in a constant magnetic field on the hyperbolic plane. In this way we give a simple `straightedge and compass' method to estimate the intensity of sound upwind and downwind. We construct Mach envelopes for moving sources. Finally, we relate the problem to that of finding null geodesics in a squashed anti-de Sitter spacetime and discuss the $SO(3,1)\\times \\mathbb{R}$ symmetry of the problem from this point of view.

  4. The Warped Plane of the Classical Kuiper Belt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eugene Chiang; Hyomin Choi

    2008-06-02

    By numerically integrating the orbits of the giant planets and of test particles over a period of four billion years, we follow the evolution of the location of the midplane of the Kuiper belt. The Classical Kuiper belt conforms to a warped sheet that precesses with a 1.9 Myr period. The present-day location of the Kuiper belt plane can be computed using linear secular perturbation theory: the local normal to the plane is given by the theory's forced inclination vector, which is specific to every semimajor axis. The Kuiper belt plane does not coincide with the invariable plane, but deviates from it by up to a few degrees in stable zones. For example, at a semimajor axis of 38 AU, the local Kuiper belt plane has an inclination of 1.9 deg and a longitude of ascending node of 149.9 deg when referred to the mean ecliptic and equinox of J2000. At a semimajor axis of 43 AU, the local plane has an inclination of 1.9 deg and a nodal longitude of 78.3 deg. Only at infinite semimajor axis does the Kuiper belt plane merge with the invariable plane, whose inclination is 1.6 deg and nodal longitude is 107.7 deg. A Kuiper belt object keeps its inclination relative to the Kuiper belt plane nearly constant, even while the latter plane departs from the trajectory predicted by linear theory. The constancy of relative inclination reflects the undamped amplitude of free oscillation. Current observations of Classical Kuiper belt objects are consistent with the plane being warped by the giant planets alone, but the sample size will need to increase by a few times before confirmation exceeds 3-sigma in confidence. In principle, differences between the theoretically expected plane and the observed plane could be used to infer as yet unseen masses orbiting the Sun, but carrying out such a program would be challenging.

  5. Using Narrow Band Photometry to Classify Stars and Brown Dwarfs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. K. Mainzer; Ian S. McLean; J. L. Sievers; E. T. Young

    2003-12-05

    We present a new system of narrow band filters in the near infrared that can be used to classify stars and brown dwarfs. This set of four filters, spanning the H band, can be used to identify molecular features unique to brown dwarfs, such as H2O and CH4. The four filters are centered at 1.495 um (H2O), 1.595 um (continuum), 1.66 um (CH4), and 1.75 um (H2O). Using two H2O filters allows us to solve for individual objects' reddenings. This can be accomplished by constructing a color-color-color cube and rotating it until the reddening vector disappears. We created a model of predicted color-color-color values for different spectral types by integrating filter bandpass data with spectra of known stars and brown dwarfs. We validated this model by making photometric measurements of seven known L and T dwarfs, ranging from L1 - T7.5. The photometric measurements agree with the model to within +/-0.1 mag, allowing us to create spectral indices for different spectral types. We can classify A through early M stars to within +/-2 spectral types, late-type M and L dwarfs to within +/-0.3 spectral types and T dwarfs to within +/-0.1 spectral types 1-sigma. Thus, we can distinguish between a T1 and a T3 dwarf. The four physical bands can be converted into two reddening-free indices, mu1 and mu2, and an extinction, AV, for the individual object. This technique, which is equivalent to extremely low resolution spectroscopy, can be used to survey large areas to provide rough spectral classifications for all the stars in the area, ranging down to the coolest brown dwarfs. It should prove particularly useful in young clusters where reddening can be high.

  6. Radio-loud Narrow-Line Type 1 Quasars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Komossa; W. Voges; D. Xu; S. Mathur; H. -M. Adorf; G. Lemson; W. Duschl; D. Grupe

    2006-03-24

    We present the first systematic study of (non-radio-selected) radio-loud narrow-line Seyfert 1 (NLS1) galaxies. Cross-correlation of the `Catalogue of Quasars and Active Nuclei' with several radio and optical catalogues led to the identification of 11 radio-loud NLS1 candidates including 4 previously known ones. Most of the radio-loud NLS1s are compact, steep spectrum sources accreting close to, or above, the Eddington limit. The radio-loud NLS1s of our sample are remarkable in that they occupy a previously rarely populated regime in NLS1 multi-wavelength parameter space. While their [OIII]/H_beta and FeII/H_beta intensity ratios almost cover the whole range observed in NLS1 galaxies, their radio properties extend the range of radio-loud objects to those with small widths of the broad Balmer lines. Among the radio-detected NLS1 galaxies, the radio index R distributes quite smoothly up to the critical value of R ~ 10 and covers about 4 orders of magnitude in total. Statistics show that ~7% of the NLS1 galaxies are formally radio-loud while only 2.5% exceed a radio index R > 100. Several mechanisms are considered as explanations for the radio loudness of the NLS1 galaxies and for the lower frequency of radio-louds among NLS1s than quasars. While properties of most sources (with 2-3 exceptions) generally do not favor relativistic beaming, the combination of accretion mode and spin may explain the observations. (abbreviated)

  7. The narrow-barred Spanish mack-erel (Scomberomorus commerson) is a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    344 The narrow-barred Spanish mack- erel (Scomberomorus commerson) is a prized food fish targeted Variability in spawning frequency and reproductive development of the narrow-barred Spanish mackerel Stephen J. Newman Western Australian Marine Research Laboratories Department of Fisheries Government

  8. Plasmonic Metamaterials and Nanocomposites with the Narrow Transparency Window Effect in Broad Extinction Spectra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demir, Hilmi Volkan

    Plasmonic Metamaterials and Nanocomposites with the Narrow Transparency Window Effect in Broad- and metamaterials, the colloidal synthesis, and lithography. Nanocomposites proposed here can be used as optical with a simultaneous possibility of communication using a narrow transparency window. KEYWORDS: metamaterial, optical

  9. Low-dimensional phonon transport effects in ultra-narrow, disordered graphene nanoribbons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Low-dimensional phonon transport effects in ultra-narrow, disordered graphene nanoribbons Hossein-narrow armchair graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) using non-equilibrium Green's function (NEGF) simulation techniques, despite their relatively high phonon group velocities. Keywords: graphene nanoribbons, thermal conductance

  10. Fitting Narrow Emission Lines in X-ray Spectra Taeyoung Park

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfe, Patrick J.

    Fitting Narrow Emission Lines in X-ray Spectra Taeyoung Park Department of Statistics, Harvard University October 25, 2005 Taeyoung Park Fitting Narrow Emission Lines in X X-ray luminosity, and the emission of photons with energies is represented by a spectrum

  11. Multicomponent ballistic transport in narrow single wall carbon nanotubes: Analytic model and molecular dynamics simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adler, Joan

    online 27 January 2011) The transport of gas mixtures through molecular-sieve membranes such as narrow The transport of gas mixtures through molecular-sieve membranes and catalysts has been a subject of intensive inMulticomponent ballistic transport in narrow single wall carbon nanotubes: Analytic model

  12. Slow electromagnetic pulse propagation through a narrow transmission band in a coaxial photonic crystal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robertson, William

    Slow electromagnetic pulse propagation through a narrow transmission band in a coaxial photonic the slow group-velocity propagation of electromagnetic pulses through a narrow transmission band describe a simple experimental configuration that leads to slow-group-velocity electromagnetic pulse

  13. Improving Offline Narrowing-Driven Partial Evaluation using Size-Change Graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vidal, Germán

    that should be generalized at partial evaluation time to ensure termination) are based on a simple syntac- ticImproving Offline Narrowing-Driven Partial Evaluation using Size-Change Graphs Gustavo Arroyo, J to narrowing-driven partial eval- uation--a partial evaluation scheme for first-order functional and func

  14. Narrowing of high power diode laser arrays using reflection feedback from an etalon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romalis, Mike

    Narrowing of high power diode laser arrays using reflection feedback from an etalon M. V. Romalisa for publication 27 June 2000 The spectrum of a high power multielement laser array is narrowed using reflection of the laser array is reduced by a factor of 2 with only 6% power loss. This reduction in FWHM is useful

  15. Scattering of scalar waves on a single crystalline plane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. K. Ignatovich

    2013-08-06

    Scattering of a scalar particle on a crystalline plane with quadratic cell and identical fixed scatterers is solved precisely. Contradiction of the standard scattering theory is pointed out.

  16. In-plane orientation effects on the electronic structure stability...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    effects on the electronic structure stability and Raman scattering of monolayer graphene on Ir(111). Citation Details In-Document Search Title: In-plane orientation effects...

  17. Further Evidence of Narrow Baryonic Structures with Hadronic as Well as Leptonic Probes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Tatischeff; E. Tomasi-Gustafsson

    2004-11-22

    Although extracted from several experiments using hadronic probes \\cite{bor1}, narrow baryonic structures have been sometimes met with disbelief. New signatures are presented, which appear from already published data, obtained with hadronic probes as well as with leptonic probes. The authors of these results did not take into account the possibility to associate the discontinuities of their spectra with the topic of narrow baryonic low mass structures. The stability of the observed narrow structure masses, represents a confirmation of their genuine existence.

  18. FOURIER RESTRICTION FOR AFFINE ARCLENGTH MEASURES IN THE PLANE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FOURIER RESTRICTION FOR AFFINE ARCLENGTH MEASURES IN THE PLANE Daniel M. Oberlin Department class of curves in the plane, of the Fe#11;erman-Zygmund theorem on restriction of the Fourier transformB10. Key words and phrases. Fourier transform, restriction. Typeset by A M S-T E X 1 #12; 2 DANIEL M

  19. On digital plane preimage structure D. Coeurjolly a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sivignon, Isabelle

    : digital plane preimage, digital straight line, dual transformation. 1 Introduction Digital straightnessOn digital plane preimage structure D. Coeurjolly a , I. Sivignon b , F. Dupont a , F. Feschet c´ezeaux, B.P.86 F-63172 AUBIERE Cedex, France Abstract In digital geometry, digital straightness

  20. Plane-wave fluorescence tomography with adaptive finite elements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bangerth, Wolfgang

    Plane-wave fluorescence tomography with adaptive finite elements Amit Joshi Photon Migration reflectance imaging setup. The method employs planar illumination with modulated light and frequency domain fluo- rescence measurements made on the illumination plane. An adaptive finite-element algorithm

  1. Efficiently finding optimal winding-constrained loops in the plane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vernaza, Paul

    Efficiently finding optimal winding- constrained loops in the plane Paul Vernaza, Venkatraman winding- constrained loops in the plane that are optimal with respect to a minimum-cost objective times it winds around each obstacle, enabling us to reduce the problem of finding paths satisfying

  2. Energy Content of Colliding Plane Waves using Approximate Noether Symmetries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Sharif; Saira Waheed

    2011-09-19

    This paper is devoted to study the energy content of colliding plane waves using approximate Noether symmetries. For this purpose, we use approximate Lie symmetry method of Lagrangian for differential equations. We formulate the first-order perturbed Lagrangian for colliding plane electromagnetic and gravitational waves. It is shown that in both cases, there does not exist

  3. Body powered thermoelectric systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Settaluri, Krishna Tej

    2012-01-01

    Great interest exists for and progress has be made in the effective utilization of the human body as a possible power supply in hopes of powering such applications as sensors and continuously monitoring medical devices ...

  4. Passive intrinsic-linewidth narrowing of ultraviolet extended-cavity diode laser by weak optical feedback

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samutpraphoot, Polnop

    We present a simple method for narrowing the intrinsic Lorentzian linewidth of a commercial ultraviolet grating extended-cavity diode laser (TOPTICA DL Pro) using weak optical feedback from a long external cavity. We achieve ...

  5. Water-Soluble Narrow-Line Radicals for Dynamic Nuclear Polarization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haze, Olesya

    The synthesis of air-stable, highly water-soluble organic radicals containing a 1,3-bis(diphenylene)-2-phenylallyl (BDPA) core is reported. A sulfonated derivative, SA-BDPA, retains the narrow electron paramagnetic resonance ...

  6. Narrow-Band Absorption-Enhanced Quantum Dot/J-Aggregate Conjugates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Brian J.

    We report narrow-band absorption enhancement of semiconductor nanocrystals via Förster resonance energy transfer from cyanine J-aggregates. These J-aggregated dyes associate electrostatically with short quantum-dot (QD) ...

  7. Analysis of a Fivefold Symmetric Superposition of Plane Waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael H. Schwarz; Robert A. Pelcovits

    2012-03-17

    We show that a symmetric superposition of five standing plane waves can be expressed as an infinite series of terms of decreasing wavenumber, where each term is a product of five plane waves. We show that this series converges pointwise in R^2 and uniformly in any disk domain in R^2. Using this series, we provide a heuristic argument for why the locations of the local extrema of a symmetric superposition of five standing plane waves can be approximated by the vertices of a Penrose tiling.

  8. A Martingale Approach to Point Processes in the Plane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Merzbach, Ely; Nualart, David

    1988-02-05

    A rigorous definition of two-parameter point processes is given as a distribution of a denumerable number of random points in the plane. A characterization with stopping lines and relation with predictability are obtained. Using the one...

  9. Oblique slamming, planing and skimming S.D. Howison

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howison, Sam

    , inviscid hydrodynamics, ship slamming, water entry, planing. 1 Introduction The phenomenon of violent impacts where there is the possibility of either cavitation on the "downstream" segment of the contact

  10. Preconditioning for the mixed formulation of linear plane elasticity 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yanqiu

    2005-11-01

    In this dissertation, we study the mixed ?nite element method for the linear plane elasticity problem and iterative solvers for the resulting discrete system. We use the Arnold-Winther Element in the mixed ?nite element discretization...

  11. Higher Derivative Corrections to O-Plane Actions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhao

    2014-11-17

    Higher derivative corrections to effective actions are very important and of great interest in string theory. The aim of this dissertation is to develop a method to constrain the higher derivative corrections to O-plane ...

  12. A Markov-type inequality for arbitrary plane continua

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1910-51-20

    Dec 8, 2005 ... for all polynomials f. We prove a precise version of this inequality with an arbitrary continuum in the complex plane instead of the interval. [?1,1].

  13. Casimir Energy due to a Semi-Infinite Plane Boundary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. Ahmedov; I. H. Duru

    2006-08-25

    Following the derivation of the Green function for the massless scalar field satisfying the Dirichlet boundary condition on the Plane (x > 0, y = 0), we calculate the Casimir energy.

  14. Cutting plane algorithms for variational inference in graphical models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sontag, David Alexander

    2007-01-01

    In this thesis, we give a new class of outer bounds on the marginal polytope, and propose a cutting-plane algorithm for efficiently optimizing over these constraints. When combined with a concave upper bound on the entropy, ...

  15. Zero Energy of Plane-Waves for ELKOs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luca Fabbri

    2011-02-23

    We consider the ELKO field in interaction through contorsion with its own spin density, and we investigate the form of the consequent autointeractions; to do so we take into account the high-density limit and find plane wave solutions: such plane waves give rise to contorsional autointeractions for which the Ricci metric curvature vanishes and therefore the energy density is equal to zero identically. Consequences are discussed.

  16. Porous metallic bodies

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Landingham, R.L.

    1984-03-13

    Porous metallic bodies having a substantially uniform pore size of less than about 200 microns and a density of less than about 25 percent theoretical, as well as the method for making them, are disclosed. Group IIA, IIIB, IVB, VB, and rare earth metal hydrides a

  17. Matrix Methods for Plane In general, the equations of motion for a plane wave in laterally homogeneous

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shearer, Peter

    Chapter 5 Matrix Methods for Plane Waves In general, the equations of motion for a plane wave problem in which case f is a 2-vector and A is a 2x2 matrix, (2) the SH-wave problem for which f is also a 2-vector and A is 2x2, (3) the P-SV problem for which f is a 4-vector and A is a 4x4 matrix, (4

  18. Using ultra narrow bandwidth to overcome traditional problems with distribution line carrier

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hunt, P.C.; Hunt, L.R.

    1995-12-31

    It has long been common knowledge among communication engineers that wide bandwidth signals require more energy to overcome noise than do narrow band signals. This is why, during adverse conditions Morse code radio communications can get through when voice can`t. To achieve similar range: A television transmitter (6000 kHz bandwidth) requires 200,000 watts; A music broadcast transmitter (60 kHz bandwidth) requires 2000 watts; A voice only transmitter (3 kHz bandwidth) requires 100 watts. Carry this principle to extremes: An Ultra Narrow Bandwidth (UNB) transmitter (.00001 kHz bandwidth) requires .003 watts. This paper explores the advantages of using Ultra Narrow Bandwidth (UNB) in power line carrier systems. Using an Automatic Meter Reading System as an example, the authors explore how UNB allows (or sometimes requires) a change in system architecture, which creates further advantages.

  19. Evidence for Narrow N*(1685) Resonance in Quasifree Compton Scattering on the Neutron

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Kuznetsov; M. V. Polyakov; V. Bellini; T. Boiko; S. Chebotarev; H. S. Dho; G. Gervino; F. Ghio; A. Giusa; A. Kim; W. Kim; F. Mammoliti; E. Milman; A. Ni; I. A. Perevalova; C. Randieri; G. Russo; M. L. Sperduto; C. M. Sutera; A. N. Vall

    2011-02-21

    The first study of quasi-free Compton scattering on the neutron in the energy range of $E_{\\gamma}=0.75 - 1.5$ GeV is presented. The data reveals a narrow peak at $W\\sim 1.685$ GeV. This result, being considered in conjunction with the recent evidence for a narrow structure at $W\\sim 1.68$GeV in the $\\eta$ photoproduction on the neutron, suggests the existence of a new nucleon resonance with unusual properties: the mass $M\\sim 1.685$GeV, the narrow width $\\Gamma \\leq 30$MeV, and the much stronger photoexcitation on the neutron than on the proton.

  20. Optic for an endoscope/borescope having high resolution and narrow field of view

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Stone, Gary F.; Trebes, James E.

    2003-10-28

    An optic having optimized high spatial resolution, minimal nonlinear magnification distortion while at the same time having a limited chromatic focal shift or chromatic aberrations. The optic located at the distal end of an endoscopic inspection tool permits a high resolution, narrow field of view image for medical diagnostic applications, compared to conventional optics for endoscopic instruments which provide a wide field of view, low resolution image. The image coverage is over a narrow (<20 degrees) field of view with very low optical distortion (<5% pin cushion or barrel distortion. The optic is also optimized for best color correction as well as to aid medical diagnostics.

  1. The construction and operation of a flashlamp pumped tunable narrow linewidth dye laser 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hilty, Bruce Robert

    1979-01-01

    A spectrally narrow pulsed dye laser has been developed. A flashlamp pumped system was chosen to obtain a long pulse length and, therefore, many photons per laser pulse. A peak power of 10 kH has been obtained for a l psec pulse length, and a... repetition rate of 50 Hz. The average power was 0. 5 watt. The laser was operated with grazing incidence and Littrow mount gratings placed intra-cavity for linewidth narrowing. The multi-pulse linewidth is 1. 3 GHz and was measured with a pressure scanned...

  2. Recipient luminophoric mediums having narrow spectrum luminescent materials and related semiconductor light emitting devices and methods

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    LeToquin, Ronan P; Tong, Tao; Glass, Robert C

    2014-12-30

    Light emitting devices include a light emitting diode ("LED") and a recipient luminophoric medium that is configured to down-convert at least some of the light emitted by the LED. In some embodiments, the recipient luminophoric medium includes a first broad-spectrum luminescent material and a narrow-spectrum luminescent material. The broad-spectrum luminescent material may down-convert radiation emitted by the LED to radiation having a peak wavelength in the red color range. The narrow-spectrum luminescent material may also down-convert radiation emitted by the LED into the cyan, green or red color range.

  3. Measure Guideline: Guidance on Taped Insulating Sheathing Drainage Planes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grin, A.; Lstiburek, J.

    2014-09-01

    The goal of this research is to provide durable and long-term water management solutions using exterior insulating sheathing as part of the water management system. It is possible to tape or seal the joints in insulating sheathing to create a drainage plane and even an air control layer. There exists the material durability component of the tape as well as the system durability component being the taped insulating sheathing as the drainage plane. This measure guideline provides best practice and product recommendations from the interviewed contractors and homebuilders who collectively have a vast amount of experience. Three significant issues were discussed with the group, which are required to make taped insulating sheathing a simple, long-term, and durable drainage plane: horizontal joints should be limited or eliminated wherever possible; where a horizontal joint exists use superior materials; and frequent installation inspection and regular trade training are required to maintain proper installation.

  4. A "hybrid plane" with spin-orbit interaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pavel Exner; Petr Šeba

    2007-05-17

    In this paper we attempt to reconstruct one of the last projects of Volodya Geyler which remained unfinished. We study motion of a quantum particle in the plane to which a halfline lead is attached assuming that the particle has spin $\\frac12$ and the plane component of the Hamiltonian contains a spin-orbit interaction of either Rashba or Dresselhaus type. We construct the class of admissible Hamiltonians and derive an explicit expression for the Green function applying it to the scattering in such a system.

  5. Compact high-quality CdSe/CdS core/shell nanocrystals with narrow emission linewidths and suppressed blinking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Ou

    High particle uniformity, high photoluminescence quantum yields, narrow and symmetric emission spectral lineshapes and minimal single-dot emission intermittency (known as blinking) have been recognized as universal ...

  6. Narrow band defect luminescence from Al-doped ZnO probed by scanning tunneling cathodoluminescence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Kasey

    of the optical gap and Burstein-Moss shift in CdO thin films: A consequence of extended misuse of 2-versusNarrow band defect luminescence from Al-doped ZnO probed by scanning tunneling cathodoluminescence-like opto-electronic properties Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 141917 (2011) Oxygen enhanced ferromagnetism in Cr-doped

  7. Effect of Narrow Cut Oil Shale Distillates on HCCI Engine Performance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eaton, Scott J; Bunting, Bruce G; Lewis Sr, Samuel Arthur; Fairbridge, Craig

    2009-01-01

    In this investigation, oil shale crude obtained from the Green River Formation in Colorado using Paraho Direct retorting was mildly hydrotreated and distilled to produce 7 narrow boiling point fuels of equal volumes. The resulting derived cetane numbers ranged between 38.3 and 43.9. Fuel chemistry and bulk properties strongly correlated with boiling point.

  8. Drift-Alfven fluctuations associated with a narrow pressure striation J. R. Pen~ano,a)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carter, Troy

    gradients of the electric fields can cause the formation6 of energetic ion tails in the perpendicular di- rection. Both of these processes are presently the subject of intensive studies in connection to rocket aims to provide an analytical formulation of the linear stability of drift-Alfve´n modes in narrow

  9. A narrow-band high-speed switched-capacitor sixth order bandpass ladder filter 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adut, Jozef

    2002-01-01

    In narrow-band high-speed switched-capacitor filters, the main limitation comes from the capacitance spread and from amplifier settling time. A secondary clock, that averages at an integer fraction of the main clock signal, is used to reduce...

  10. Sowing Wind Science no sooner did the tacoma narrows bridge--the world's third

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landweber, Laura

    i Sowing Wind Science no sooner did the tacoma narrows bridge--the world's third longest suspension in the wind. The pronounced heave, or more technically speaking the longitudinal undulation, caused some auto disappearing from sight as if traveling a hilly country road. by november 7, amid 39-mile-an-hour winds, the $6

  11. Line Narrowing of Fiber Coupled Laser Diode Array He Lung MRI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walsworth, Ronald L.

    Line Narrowing of Fiber Coupled Laser Diode Array and 3 He Lung MRI by Jermane E. Massey B Coupled Laser Diode Array and 3 He Lung MRI by Jermane E. Massey Submitted to the Department of PhysicsW of injected power. A novel MRI coil and polarization system were developed for hyper-polarized 3 He lung

  12. THE JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS 134, 044908 (2011) Multicomponent ballistic transport in narrow single wall carbon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adler, Joan

    2011-01-01

    online 27 January 2011) The transport of gas mixtures through molecular-sieve membranes such as narrow The transport of gas mixtures through molecular-sieve membranes and catalysts has been a subject of intensive in single wall carbon nanotubes: Analytic model and molecular dynamics simulations T. Mutat,1 J. Adler,1,a

  13. Femtosecond laser ablation of indium tin-oxide narrow grooves for thin film solar cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Stryland, Eric

    Femtosecond laser ablation of indium tin-oxide narrow grooves for thin film solar cells Qiumei Bian in the fabrication and assembly of thin film solar cells. Using a femtosecond (fs) laser, we selectively removed a unique scheme to ablate the indium tin-oxide layer for the fabrication of thin film solar cells

  14. The potential to narrow uncertainty in projections of stratospheric ozone over the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wirosoetisno, Djoko

    The potential to narrow uncertainty in projections of stratospheric ozone over the 21st century of stratospheric ozone over the 21st century. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 10 (19). pp. 9473-9486. ISSN 1680 of stratospheric ozone over the 21st century A. J. Charlton-Perez1, E. Hawkins1, V. Eyring2, I. Cionni2, G. E

  15. Observation of a narrow state decaying into XI(c)(+)pi(-)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ammar, Raymond G.; Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Besson, David Zeke; Coppage, Don; Copty, N.; Davis, Robin E. P.; Hancock, N.; Kotov, S.; Kravchenko, I.; Kwak, Nowhan

    1995-12-01

    Using data recorded by the CLEO-II detector at Cornell Electron Storage Ring (CESR), we report the first observation of a narrow state decaying into Xi(c)(+) pi(-). The state has mass difference M(Xi(c)(+) pi(-)) - M(Xi(c)(+)) of 178.2 +/- 0.5 + 1...

  16. Finding Narrow Passages with Probabilistic Roadmaps: The Small Step Retraction Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Latombe, Jean-Claude

    Finding Narrow Passages with Probabilistic Roadmaps: The Small Step Retraction Method Mitul Saha, USA {mitul, latombe}@cs.stanford.edu Abstract - The efficiency of Probabilistic Roadmap (PRM) planners fattening the robot's free space, constructing a roadmap in the fattened free space, and repairing colliding

  17. Improving Offline Narrowing-Driven Partial Evaluation using Size-Change Graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vidal, Germán

    be generalised at partial evaluation time to ensure termination) are based on a simple syntac- ticImproving Offline Narrowing-Driven Partial Evaluation using Size-Change Graphs Gustavo Arroyo, J-driven partial evaluation (a partial evaluation scheme for first-order functional and functional logic programs

  18. Improving Offline Narrowing-Driven Partial Evaluation using Size-Change Graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vidal, Germán

    that should be generalized at partial evaluation time to ensure termination) are based on a simple syntacticImproving Offline Narrowing-Driven Partial Evaluation using Size-Change Graphs Gustavo Arroyo, J-driven partial evaluation (a partial evaluation scheme for first-order functional and functional logic programs

  19. Immersive Second Language Acquisition in Narrow Domains: A Prototype ISLAND Dialogue System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Immersive Second Language Acquisition in Narrow Domains: A Prototype ISLAND Dialogue System Ian Mc and imple- mented an ISLAND dialogue system in Mandarin Chinese. Our ISLAND is immersive, in that no content technology in general and spoken di- alogue systems in particular have the potential to bridge this gap

  20. New York Harbor Chart 12334 New York Harbor Upper Bay and Narrows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New York Harbor Chart 12334 ­ New York Harbor Upper Bay and Narrows Anchorage Chart Booklet, the nation's chartmaker #12;United States ­ East Coast NEW YORK ­ NEW JERSEY NEW YORK HARBOR UPPER BAY.noaa.gov/WarOf1812. #12;Because of its importance as a hub of international commerce, New York City served several

  1. Narrow coronal holes in Yohkoh soft X-ray images and the slow solar wind

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Narrow coronal holes in Yohkoh soft X-ray images and the slow solar wind C.N. Arge , K.L. Harvey of this phenomenon, and have found several candidates. From observations of the associated solar wind, and from modeling, we find these regions to be sources of slow solar wind. INTRODUCTION The solar wind arguably

  2. Eating Disorders: Body Wasting Away

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shao, Shirley

    2015-01-01

    mouth and pharynx, and individual’s body composition), lesions in oral tissue (DeBates, “Beneath the skin, the musclesher mouth. nutrients away from the body, and as the muscles

  3. Three-body dwell time

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kelkar, N. G.

    2010-06-15

    The lifetime of an unstable state or resonance formed as an intermediate state in two-body scattering is known to be related to the dwell time or the time spent within a given region of space by the two interacting particles. This concept is extended to the case of three-body systems and a relation connecting the three-body dwell time with the two-body dwell times of the substructures of the three-body system is derived for the case of separable wave functions. The Kapur-Peierls formalism is revisited to discover one of the first definitions of dwell time in the literature. An extension of the Kapur-Peierls formalism to the three-body case shows that the lifetime of a three-body resonance can indeed be given by the three-body dwell time.

  4. Static plane symmetric relativistic fluids and empty repelling singular boundaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ricardo E. Gamboa Saravi

    2007-12-18

    We present a detailed analysis of the general exact solution of Einstein's equation corresponding to a static and plane symmetric distribution of matter with density proportional to pressure. We study the geodesics in it and we show that this simple spacetime exhibits very curious properties. In particular, it has a free of matter repelling singular boundary and all geodesics bounce off it.

  5. TURBULENT-LAMINAR PATTERNS IN PLANE COUETTE Dwight Barkley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barkley, Dwight

    @limsi.fr Abstract Regular patterns of turbulent and laminar fluid motion arise in plane Couette flow near the lowest and is the kinematic viscosity of the fluid. See figure 1. For all val- ues of ¡£¢ , laminar Couette flow at an angle to the streamwise direction. Fluid flows exhibiting coexisting turbulent and laminar regions have

  6. Colliding plane waves with W=M=0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. V. Ivanov

    1997-05-13

    It is shown that there are three vacuum and one electrovacuum solutions of diagonal plane waves with M=0 and constant Maxwell scalars. Namely, these are the single wave, Stoyanov, Babala and Bell-Szekeres solutions. A comparison is made with the planar solutions of Taub.

  7. Markov Properties for Point Processes on the Plane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nualart, David; Merzbach, Ely

    1990-02-02

    It is proved that for a wide class of point processes indexed by the positive quadrant of the plane, and for a class of compact sets in this quadrant, the germ ?-field is equal to the ?-field generated by the values of the process on the set...

  8. IRAN: laboratory test bench for hypertelescope pupil-plane recombination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liske, Jochen

    -apertures illuminated by laser sources are recombined using the IRAN scheme. The validation of the IRAN recombinationIRAN: laboratory test bench for hypertelescope pupil-plane recombination F. Allouchea,b, F. Vakilib-Antipolis, CNRS UMR 6525 Parc Valrose, 06108 Nice Cedex 2, France ABSTRACT In 2004, our group proposed IRAN

  9. The Arecibo Methanol Maser Galactic Plane Survey--I: Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jagadheep D. Pandian; Paul F. Goldsmith; Avinash A. Deshpande

    2007-02-06

    We present the results of an unbiased survey for 6.7 GHz methanol masers in the Galactic plane carried out using the 305 m Arecibo radio telescope. A total of 18.2 square degrees was surveyed with uniform sampling at 35.2 deg methanol masers are clustered, reflecting the formation of massive stars in clusters.

  10. RIEMANN SURFACES, PLANE ALGEBRAIC CURVES AND THEIR PERIOD MATRICES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    numerically the canonical map. Therefore symmetric 1991 Mathematics Subject Classification. 14Q05, 14H55, 14P for computing a representation of a compact Riemann surface as an algebraic plane curve and to compute a numerical approximation for its period matrix. We will describe a program Cars ([3]) that can be used

  11. MUBS INEQUIVALENCE AND AFFINE PLANES W. M. KANTOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kantor, William M.

    not preserve the standard basis). 2 We avoid the term frame used in [CCKS] so as not to conflict with other's interest in sets F related to cubature formulas [DGS, Se, K¨o]. The subject matter of this brief note has been surveyed already (e.g., in [Ka4]), but emphasizing only planes and codes, not CN or RN

  12. Partition Function of the Harmonic Oscillator on a Noncommutative Plane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I. Jabbari; A. Jahan; Z. Riazi

    2015-07-07

    We derive the partition function of the one-body and two-body systems of classical noncommutative harmonic oscillator in two dimensions. Then, we employ the path integral approach to the quantum noncommutative harmonic oscillator and derive the partition function of the both systems at finite temperature.

  13. Experimental Modeling and Laboratory Measurements of Drag Embedment Anchors Subjected to In-Plane and Out-Of-Plane Loading 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Drake, Aaron C.

    2011-10-21

    -eye. The variables modeled were fluke angle settings of 22°, 36° and 50°. The initial towline angle was varied from a minimum of 5° to upwards of 20°. Surface out-of-plane angles of 45° and 90° and embedment loading of 15°, 30° and 45° were examined. Curves...

  14. Landau Damping and Coherent Structures in Narrow-Banded 1+1 Deep Water Gravity Waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Onorato; A. Osborne; M. Serio; R. Fedele

    2002-02-12

    We study the nonlinear energy transfer around the peak of the spectrum of surface gravity waves by taking into account nonhomogeneous effects. In the narrow-banded approximation the kinetic equation resulting from a nonhomogeneous wave field is a Vlasov-Poisson type equation which includes at the same time the random version of the Benjamin-Feir instability and the Landau damping phenomenon. We analytically derive the values of the Phillips' constant $\\alpha$ and the enhancement factor $\\gamma$ for which the narrow-banded approximation of the JONSWAP spectrum is unstable. By performing numerical simulations of the nonlinear Schr\\"{o}dinger equation we check the validity of the prediction of the related kinetic equation. We find that the effect of Landau damping is to suppress the formation of coherent structures. The problem of predicting freak waves is briefly discussed.

  15. The dynamics of transition to turbulence in plane Couette flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Viswanath, D

    2007-01-01

    In plane Couette flow, the incompressible fluid between two plane parallel walls is driven by the motion of those walls. The laminar solution, in which the streamwise velocity varies linearly in the wall-normal direction, is known to be linearly stable at all Reynolds numbers ($Re$). Yet, in both experiments and computations, turbulence is observed for $Re \\gtrsim 360$. In this article, we show that when the laminar flow is perturbed on to the transition {\\it threshold}, the flow approaches either steady or traveling wave solutions. These solutions exhibit some aspects of turbulence but are not fully turbulent even at $Re=4000$. However, these solutions are linearly unstable and flows that evolve along their unstable directions become fully turbulent. The solution approached by a threshold perturbation depends upon the nature of the perturbation. Surprisingly, the positive eigenvalue that corresponds to one family of solutions decreases in magnitude with increasing $Re$, with the rate of decrease given by $Re...

  16. Shape of Lambda hypernuclei in (beta,gamma) deformation plane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Myaing Thi Win; K. Hagino; T. Koike

    2010-12-15

    We study the shape of $\\Lambda$ hypernuclei in the full ($\\beta,\\gamma$) deformation plane, including both axially symmetric and triaxial quadrupole deformations. To this end, we use the constrained Skyrme Hartree-Fock+BCS method on the three-dimensional Cartesian mesh. The potential energy surface is analyzed for carbon hypernuclei as well as for sd-shell hypernuclei such as $^{27,29}_{\\Lambda}$Si and $^{25,27}_{\\Lambda}$Mg. We show that the potential energy surface in the ($\\beta,\\gamma$) plane is similar to each other between the hypernuclei and the corresponding core nuclei, although the addition of $\\Lambda$ hyperon makes the energy surface somewhat softer along the $\\gamma$ direction. Our calculation implies that the energy of the $\\gamma$ vibration for $^{25,27}_{\\Lambda}$Mg nuclei is lowered by about 0.15 MeV with respect to that of $^{24,26}$Mg nuclei.

  17. Noise versus chaos in a causal Fisher-Shannon plane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osvaldo A. Rosso; Felipe Olivares; Angelo Plastino

    2015-10-14

    We revisit the Fisher-Shannon representation plane ${\\mathcal H} \\times {\\mathcal F}$, evaluated using the Bandt and Pompe recipe to assign a probability distribution to a time series. Several stochastic dynamical (noises with $f^{-k}$, $k \\geq 0$, power spectrum) and chaotic processes (27 chaotic maps) are analyzed so as to illustrate the approach. Our main achievement is uncovering the informational properties of the planar location.

  18. Electromagnetic Casimir Energies of Semi-Infinite Planes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohammad F. Maghrebi; Noah Graham

    2011-02-08

    Using recently developed techniques based on scattering theory, we find the electromagnetic Casimir energy for geometries involving semi-infinite planes, a case that is of particular interest in the design of microelectromechanical devices. We obtain both approximate analytic formulae and exact results requiring only modest numerical computation. Using these results, we analyze the effects of edges and orientation on the Casimir energy. We also demonstrate the accuracy, simplicity, and utility of our approximation scheme, which is based on a multiple reflection expansion.

  19. Electromagnetic Casimir Energies of Semi-Infinite Planes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maghrebi, Mohammad F

    2011-01-01

    Using recently developed techniques based on scattering theory, we find the electromagnetic Casimir energy for geometries involving semi-infinite planes, a case that is of particular interest in the design of microelectromechanical devices. We obtain both approximate analytic formulae and exact results requiring only modest numerical computation. Using these results, we analyze the effects of edges and orientation on the Casimir energy. We also demonstrate the accuracy, simplicity, and utility of our approximation scheme, which is based on a multiple reflection expansion.

  20. Comments on Superstring Interactions in a Plane-Wave Background

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John H. Schwarz

    2002-09-03

    The three string vertex for Type IIB superstrings in a maximally supersymmetric plane-wave background is investigated. Specifically, we derive a factorization theorem for the Neumann coefficients that generalizes a flat-space result that was obtained some 20 years ago. The resulting formula is used to explore the leading large mu asymptotic behavior, which is relevant for comparison with dual gauge theory results.

  1. Colliding Axion-Dilaton Plane Waves from Black Holes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patricia Schwarz

    1997-08-01

    The colliding plane wave metric discovered by Ferrari and Iba\\~{n}ez to be locally isometric to the interior of a Schwarzschild black hole is extended to the case of general axion-dilaton black holes. Because the transformation maps either black hole horizon to the focal plane of the colliding waves, this entire class of colliding plane wave spacetimes only suffers from the formation of spacetime singularities in the limits where the inner horizon itself is singular, which occur in the Schwarzschild and dilaton black hole limits. The supersymmetric limit corresponding to the extreme axion-dilaton black hole yields the Bertotti-Robinson metric with the axion and dilaton fields flowing to fixed constant values. The maximal analytic extension of this metric across the Cauchy horizon yields a spacetime in which two sandwich waves in a cylindrical universe collide to produce a semi-infinite chain of Reissner-Nordstrom-like wormholes. The focussing of particle and string geodesics in this spacetime is explored.

  2. Acoustic plane wave preferential orientation of metal oxide superconducting materials

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tolt, Thomas L. (North Olmsted, OH); Poeppel, Roger B. (Glen Ellyn, IL)

    1991-01-01

    A polycrystalline metal oxide such as YBa.sub.2 Cu.sub.3 O.sub.7-X (where 0plane, a high degree of crystalline axes alignment is provided between adjacent grains permitting the conduction of high current densities. With the superconducting metal oxide in the form of a ceramic slip which has not yet set, orientation of the crystal basal planes parallel with the direction of desired current flow is accomplished by an applied acoustic plane wave in the acoustic or ultrasonic frequency range (either progressive or standing) in applying a torque to each crystal particle. The ceramic slip is then set and fired by conventional methods to produce a conductor with preferentially oriented grains and substantially enhanced current carrying capacity.

  3. Observation of spectral gain narrowing in a high-order harmonic seeded soft-x-ray amplifier

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tissandier, F.; Sebban, S.; Ribiere, M.; Gautier, J.; Zeitoun, Ph.; Lambert, G.; Barszczak Sardinha, A.; Goddet, J.-Ph.; Burgy, F.; Lefrou, T.; Valentin, C.; Rousse, A.; Guilbaud, O.; Klisnick, A.; Nejdl, J.; Mocek, T.; Maynard, G. [Laboratoire d'Optique Appliquee, ENSTA Paristech/Ecole Polytechnique/CNRS UMR 7639, F-91761 Palaiseau Cedex (France); Laboratoire d'Interaction du Rayonnement X Avec la Matiere, Universite Paris Sud/CNRS UMR 8624, F-91495 Orsay Cedex (France); Department of X-ray Lasers, Institute of Physics, Na Slovance 2, CZ-182 21 Prague 8 (Czech Republic); Laboratoire de Physique des Gaz et des Plasmas, Universite Paris Sud/CNRS UMR 8578, F-91405 Orsay Cedex (France)

    2010-06-15

    We report an observation of spectral gain narrowing of a high-order harmonic amplified by a soft-x-ray optical-field-ionized plasma. The temporal coherence and spectral linewidth of both the seeded and unseeded soft-x-ray lasers were experimentally measured using a varying-path-difference interferometer. The results showed that the high-order harmonic is subject to a strong spectral narrowing during its propagation in the plasma amplifier without rebroadening at saturation. This is in good agreement with a radiative transfer calculation including gain narrowing and saturation rebroadening.

  4. Dehlsen (TRL 5 6 System) - Aquantis C-Plane Ocean Current Turbine...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Dehlsen (TRL 5 6 System) - Aquantis C-Plane Ocean Current Turbine Project Dehlsen (TRL 5 6 System) - Aquantis C-Plane Ocean Current Turbine Project Dehlsen (TRL 5 6 System) -...

  5. 2D-Modelling of pellet injection in the poloidal plane: results of numerical tests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    2D-Modelling of pellet injection in the poloidal plane: results of numerical tests P. Lalousis developed for computing the expansion of pellet-produced clouds in the poloidal plane. The expansion

  6. A hyperbola is the set of all points in a plane, the difference of whose ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A hyperbola is the set of all points in a plane, the difference of whose distances from two fixed points (the foci) in the plane is a positive constant. The midpoint of

  7. A Modified Tracer-Gas-Concentration Decay Method for Ventilation Rate Measurements in Large, Long, and Narrow Spaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Qingyan "Yan"

    obtained by the CO2-concentration decay method. However, this method requires a large amount of tracer method for ventilation rate measurements in large, long, and narrow spaces," Indoor and Built Environment

  8. Observation of a narrow structure in 1 H( ? , KS0 ) X via interference with ? -meson production

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Amaryan, M. J.; Gavalian, G.; Nepali, C.; Polyakov, M. V.; Azimov, Ya.; Briscoe, W. J.; Dodge, G. E.; Hyde, C. E.; Klein, F.; Kuznetsov, V.; et al

    2012-03-01

    We report observation of a narrow peak structure at ?1.54 GeV with a Gaussian width ? = 6 MeV in the missing mass of KS in the reaction ? + p ? pKSKL. The observed structure may be due to the interference between a strange (or antistrange) baryon resonance in the pKL system and the ?(KSKL) photoproduction leading to the same final state. The statistical significance of the observed excess of events estimated as the log-likelihood ratio of the resonant signal + background hypothesis and the ?-production-based background-only hypothesis corresponds to 5.3?.

  9. Observation of Narrow Structures in the P-P Elastic Analyzing Power 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shimizu, H.; Yoshida, H. Y.; Ohnuma, H.; Kobayashi, Y.; Kobayashi, K.; Nakagawa, T.; Holt, J. A.; Glass, G.; Hiebert, John C.; Kenefick, R. A.; Nath, S.; Northcliffe, L. C.; Simon, A.; Hirmatsu, S.; Mori, Y.; Sato, H.; Takagi, A.; Toyana, T.; Ueno, A.; Imai, K.

    1990-01-01

    PHYSICAL REVIEW C VOLUME 42, NUMBER 2 AUGUST 1990 Observation of narrow structures in the p-p elastic analyzing power H. Shimizu, * H. Y. Yoshida, and H. Ohnuma Department of Physics, Tokyo Institute of Techno1ogy, Tokyo 152, Japan Y. Kobayashi... synchrotron (PS) using an internal target. The number of circulating polarized protons in the PS ring was typically 1 &&10 . A very thin polyethylene thread (30 pm in diameter) was used as the internal target since the effective beam intensity was very...

  10. Wave Energy Prize Narrowed from 92 Teams to Top 20 | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram: Report1538-1950DepartmentWave Energy Prize Narrowed from 92 Teams to

  11. On the harmonic oscillator properties in a twisted Moyal plane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ezinvi Baloitcha; Mahouton Norbert Hounkonnou; Dine Ousmane Samary

    2012-03-25

    This work prolongs, using an operator method, the investigations started in our recent paper J. Math. Phys. 51., 102108 on the spectrum and states of the harmonic oscillator on twisted Moyal plane, where rather a Moyal-star-algebraic approach was used. The physical spectrum and states of the harmonic oscillator on twisted Moyal space, obtained here by solving the corresponding differential equation, are similar to those of the ordinary Moyal space, with different parameters. This fortunately contrasts with the previous study which produced unexpected results, i.e. infinitely degenerate states with energies depending on the coordinate functions.

  12. On the harmonic oscillator on the Lobachevsky plane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Stovicek; M. Tusek

    2007-09-24

    We introduce the harmonic oscillator on the Lobachevsky plane with the aid of the potential $V(r)=(a^2\\omega^2/4)sinh(r/a)^2$ where $a$ is the curvature radius and $r$ is the geodesic distance from a fixed center. Thus the potential is rotationally symmetric and unbounded likewise as in the Euclidean case. The eigenvalue equation leads to the differential equation of spheroidal functions. We provide a basic numerical analysis of eigenvalues and eigenfunctions in the case when the value of the angular momentum, $m$, equals 0.

  13. Plane-Wave Propagation in Electromagnetic PQ Medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lindell, Ismo V

    2015-01-01

    Two basic classes of electromagnetic media, recently defined and labeled as those of P media and Q media, are generalized to define the class of PQ media. Plane wave propagation in the general PQ medium is studied and the quartic dispersion equation is derived in analytic form applying four-dimensional dyadic formalism. The result is verified by considering various special cases of PQ media for which the dispersion equation is known to decompose to two quadratic equations or be identically satisfied (media with no dispersion equation). As a numerical example, the dispersion surface of a PQ medium with non-decomposable dispersion equation is considered.

  14. Creating A Galactic Plane Atlas With Amazon Web Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berriman, G Bruce; Good, John; Juve, Gideon; Kinney, Jamie; Merrihew, Ann; Rynge, Mats

    2013-01-01

    This paper describes by example how astronomers can use cloud-computing resources offered by Amazon Web Services (AWS) to create new datasets at scale. We have created from existing surveys an atlas of the Galactic Plane at 16 wavelengths from 1 {\\mu}m to 24 {\\mu}m with pixels co-registered at spatial sampling of 1 arcsec. We explain how open source tools support management and operation of a virtual cluster on AWS platforms to process data at scale, and describe the technical issues that users will need to consider, such as optimization of resources, resource costs, and management of virtual machine instances.

  15. Focal-plane detector system for the KATRIN experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. F. Amsbaugh; J. Barrett; A. Beglarian; T. Bergmann; H. Bichsel; L. I. Bodine; J. Bonn; N. M. Boyd; T. H. Burritt; Z. Chaoui; S. Chilingaryan; T. J. Corona; P. J. Doe; J. A. Dunmore; S. Enomoto; J. Fischer; J. A. Formaggio; F. M. Fränkle; D. Furse; H. Gemmeke; F. Glück; F. Harms; G. C. Harper; J. Hartmann; M. A. Howe; A. Kaboth; J. Kelsey; M. Knauer; A. Kopmann; M. L. Leber; E. L. Martin; K. J. Middleman; A. W. Myers; N. S. Oblath; D. S. Parno; D. A. Peterson; L. Petzold; D. G. Phillips II; P. Renschler; R. G. H. Robertson; J. Schwarz; M. Steidl; D. Tcherniakhovski; T. Thümmler; T. D. Van Wechel; B. A. VanDevender; S. Vöcking; B. L. Wall; K. L. Wierman; J. F. Wilkerson; S. Wüstling

    2015-01-28

    The focal-plane detector system for the KArlsruhe TRItium Neutrino (KATRIN) experiment consists of a multi-pixel silicon p-i-n-diode array, custom readout electronics, two superconducting solenoid magnets, an ultra high-vacuum system, a high-vacuum system, calibration and monitoring devices, a scintillating veto, and a custom data-acquisition system. It is designed to detect the low-energy electrons selected by the KATRIN main spectrometer. We describe the system and summarize its performance after its final installation.

  16. Focal plane array with modular pixel array components for scalability

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kay, Randolph R; Campbell, David V; Shinde, Subhash L; Rienstra, Jeffrey L; Serkland, Darwin K; Holmes, Michael L

    2014-12-09

    A modular, scalable focal plane array is provided as an array of integrated circuit dice, wherein each die includes a given amount of modular pixel array circuitry. The array of dice effectively multiplies the amount of modular pixel array circuitry to produce a larger pixel array without increasing die size. Desired pixel pitch across the enlarged pixel array is preserved by forming die stacks with each pixel array circuitry die stacked on a separate die that contains the corresponding signal processing circuitry. Techniques for die stack interconnections and die stack placement are implemented to ensure that the desired pixel pitch is preserved across the enlarged pixel array.

  17. MHK Technologies/WavePlane | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource HistoryScenarios Towards 2050Enermar <OMISPower Desalination <WaterWavePlane

  18. A Long Step Cutting Plane Algorithm That Uses the Volumetric Barrier 1 Srinivasan Ramaswamy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitchell, John E.

    A Long Step Cutting Plane Algorithm That Uses the Volumetric Barrier 1 Srinivasan Ramaswamy ramass­cutting plane long step methods based on the volumetric barrier, but it is however worse than Vaidya's original. This has a complexity of O(n 1.5 Lp log p) quasi Newton steps. Key words: Cutting plane, volumetric center

  19. A Long Step Cutting Plane Algorithm That Uses the Volumetric Barrier 1 Srinivasan Ramaswamy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitchell, John E.

    A Long Step Cutting Plane Algorithm That Uses the Volumetric Barrier 1 Srinivasan Ramaswamy ramass. This has a complexity of O(n1.5 Lp log p) quasi Newton steps. Key words: Cutting plane, volumetric center] or ellipsoid [19] and the volumetric center [20]. Since m n , it would be preferable to use a cutting plane

  20. Male body image: testosterone's response to body comparisons 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Joshua D.

    2006-08-16

    Although there have been only a few etiological studies that have examined the development and maintenance of body image in males, research fairly consistently reports that exposure and presumed comparison to images of ...

  1. Bodies of information : reinventing bodies and practice in medical education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prentice, Rachel

    2004-01-01

    This dissertation recounts the development of graphic models of human bodies and virtual reality simulators for teaching anatomy and surgery to medical students, residents, and physicians. It considers how researchers from ...

  2. Exotic static 3-body potentials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Bicudo; M. Cardoso; O. Oliveira

    2008-11-06

    We study exotic static 3-body potentials, utilizing generalized Wilson Loops in SU(3) lattice QCD. For the quark-antiquark-gluon techniques we address the angles of 0, 45, 60, 90, 120, 135 and 180 degrees, between the quark-gluon and the antiquark-gluon segments. We calculate the form of the static potential and discuss whether, or not, two-body interactions exist between the three different bodies, and study the existence of repulsion between the strings. We also perform a first study of the interactions in the system of three gluon.

  3. The method of planes pressure tensor for a spherical subvolume

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heyes, D. M., E-mail: d.heyes@imperial.ac.uk; Smith, E. R., E-mail: edward.smith05@imperial.ac.uk; Dini, D., E-mail: d.dini@imperial.ac.uk; Zaki, T. A., E-mail: t.zaki@imperial.ac.uk [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Imperial College London, Exhibition Road, South Kensington, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom)

    2014-02-07

    Various formulas for the local pressure tensor based on a spherical subvolume of radius, R, are considered. An extension of the Method of Planes (MOP) formula of Todd et al. [Phys. Rev. E 52, 1627 (1995)] for a spherical geometry is derived using the recently proposed Control Volume formulation [E. R. Smith, D. M. Heyes, D. Dini, and T. A. Zaki, Phys. Rev. E 85, 056705 (2012)]. The MOP formula for the purely radial component of the pressure tensor is shown to be mathematically identical to the Radial Irving-Kirkwood formula. Novel offdiagonal elements which are important for momentum conservation emerge naturally from this treatment. The local pressure tensor formulas for a plane are shown to be the large radius limits of those for spherical surfaces. The radial-dependence of the pressure tensor computed by Molecular Dynamics simulation is reported for virtual spheres in a model bulk liquid where the sphere is positioned randomly or whose center is also that of a molecule in the liquid. The probability distributions of angles relating to pairs of atoms which cross the surface of the sphere, and the center of the sphere, are presented as a function of R. The variance in the shear stress calculated from the spherical Volume Averaging method is shown to converge slowly to the limiting values with increasing radius, and to be a strong function of the number of molecules in the simulation cell.

  4. The focal plane instrumentation for the DUNE mission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Booth, Jeff; Eisenhauer, Frank; Refregier, Alexandre

    2008-01-01

    DUNE (Dark Universe Explorer) is a proposed mission to measure parameters of dark energy using weak gravitational lensing The particular challenges of both optical and infrared focal planes and the DUNE baseline solution is discussed. The DUNE visible Focal Plane Array (VFP) consists of 36 large format red-sensitive CCDs, arranged in a 9x4 array together with the associated mechanical support structure and electronics processing chains. Four additional CCDs dedicated to attitude control measurements are located at the edge of the array. All CCDs are 4096 pixel red-enhanced e2v CCD203-82 devices with square 12 $\\mu$m pixels, operating from 550-920nm. Combining four rows of CCDs provides a total exposure time of 1500s. The VFP will be used in a closed-loop system by the spacecraft, which operates in a drift scan mode, in order to synchronize the scan and readout rates. The Near Infrared (NIR) FPA consists of a 5 x 12 mosaic of 60 Hawaii 2RG detector arrays from Teledyne, NIR bandpass filters for the wavelength ...

  5. Herschel Galactic plane survey of [NII] fine structure emission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldsmith, Paul F; Langer, William D; Pineda, Jorge L

    2015-01-01

    We present the first large scale high angular resolution survey of ionized nitrogen in the Galactic Plane through emission of its two fine structure transitions ([NII]) at 122 $\\mu$m and 205 $\\mu$m. The observations were largely obtained with the PACS instrument onboard the Herschel Space Observatory. The lines-of-sight were in the Galactic plane, following those of the Herschel OTKP project GOT C+. Both lines are reliably detected at the 10$^{-8}$ - 10$^{-7}$ $W$m$^{-2}$sr$^{-1}$ level over the range -60$^{o}$ $\\leq$ $l$ $\\leq$ 60$^{o}$. The $rms$ of the intensity among the 25 PACS spaxels of a given pointing is typically less than one third of the mean intensity, showing that the emission is extended. [NII] is produced in gas in which hydrogen is ionized, and collisional excitation is by electrons. The ratio of the two fine structure transitions provides a direct measurement of the electron density, yielding $n(e)$ largely in the range 10 to 50 cm$^{-3}$ with an average value of 29 cm$^{-3}$ and N$^+$ colum...

  6. Measure Guideline: Guidance on Taped Insulating Sheathing Drainage Planes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grin, A.; Lstiburek, J.

    2014-09-01

    This guide provides information and recommendations to the following groups: insulation contractors; general contractors; builders; home remodelers; mechanical contractors; and homeowners, as a guide to the work that needs to be done. The order of work completed during home construction and retrofit improvements is important. Health and safety issues must be addressed first and are more important than durability issues. And durability issues are more important than saving energy. Not all techniques can apply to all houses. Special conditions will require special action. Some builders or homeowners will wish to do more than the important but basic retrofit strategies outlined by this guide. The following are best practice and product recommendations from the interviewed contractors and homebuilders who collectively have a vast amount of experience. Three significant items were discussed with the group which are required to make taped insulating sheathing a simple, long term, and durable drainage plane: 1. Horizontal joints should be limited or eliminated wherever possible; 2. Where a horizontal joint exists use superior materials; 3. Frequent installation inspection and regular trade training are required to maintain proper installation. Section 5 of this measure guideline contains the detailed construction procedure for the three recommended methods to effectively seal the joints in exterior insulating sheathing to create a simple, long term, and durable drainage plane.

  7. Single-photon detectors based on ultra-narrow superconducting nanowires

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Marsili; F. Najafi; E. Dauler; F. Bellei; X. Hu; M. C. Csete; R. Molnar; K. K. Berggren

    2011-02-09

    Superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors (SNSPDs) perform single-photon counting with exceptional sensitivity and time resolution at near-infrared wavelengths. State-of-the-art SNSPDs, based on 100 nm-wide, 4 to 5 nm thick NbN nanowires, are vulnerable to constrictions, which significantly limit their yield. Also, their sensitivity becomes negligible beyond 2 \\mu m wavelength, which makes them unsuitable for mid-infrared applications. SNSPDs based on few-tens-of-nanometer-wide nanowires are expected to efficiently detect mid-infrared photons and to operate at low bias currents, so constrictions may have less impact on their performance. Prior to this work, SNSPDs based on nanowires narrower than 50-nm had not been demonstrated because: (1) the SNSPD signal is roughly proportional to the nanowire width, so narrow nanowires have poor signal-to-noise ratio; and (2) fabrication at these length scales is extremely challenging. In this letter we report how we addressed these issues and demonstrated single-photon detection (20% detection efficiency at 1550 nm wavelength) with 30- and 20-nm-wide-nanowire detectors.

  8. D{sup 0} magnetism in Ca doped narrow carbon nanotubes: First principle chirality effect study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hajiheidari, F.; Khoshnevisan, B.; Hashemifar, S. J.

    2014-06-21

    Curvature has always had crucial effects on the physical properties of narrow carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and here spin-polarized density functional calculations were employed to study electronic and magnetic properties of calcium-decorated narrow (5,5) and (9,0)CNTs with close diameters (?7?Å) and different chiralities. Our results showed that chirality had great impact on the electronic structure and magnetization of the doped CNTs. In addition, internally or externally doping of the calcium atoms was studied comparatively and although for the (9,0)CNT the internal doping was the most stable configuration, which involves a novel kind of spin-polarization originated from Ca-4s electrons, but for the (5,5)tube the external doping was the most stable one without any spin-polarization. On the other hand, calcium doping in the center of the (5,5)CNT was an endothermic process and led to the spin-polarization of unoccupied Ca-3d orbitals via direct exchange interaction between adjacent Ca atoms. In the considered systems, the existence of magnetization in the absence of any transition-metal elements was an example of valuable d{sup 0} magnetism title.

  9. Nanophotonic hybridization of narrow atomic cesium resonances and photonic stop gaps of opaline nanostructures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harding, Philip J; Mosk, Allard P; Vos, Willem L

    2014-01-01

    We study a hybrid system consisting of a narrowband atomic optical resonance and the long-range periodic order of an opaline photonic nanostructure. To this end, we have infiltrated atomic cesium vapor in a thin silica opal photonic crystal. With increasing temperature, the frequencies of the opal's reflectivity peaks shift down by >20% due to chemical reduction of the silica. Simultaneously, the photonic bands and gaps shift relative to the fixed near-infrared cesium D1 transitions. As a result the narrow atomic resonances with high finesse (f/df=8E5) dramatically change shape from a usual dispersive shape at the blue edge of a stop gap, to an inverted dispersion lineshape at the red edge of a stop gap. The lineshape, amplitude, and off-resonance reflectivity are well modeled with a transfer-matrix model that includes the dispersion and absorption of Cs hyperfine transitions and the chemically-reduced opal. An ensemble of atoms in a photonic crystal is an intriguing hybrid system that features narrow defect-...

  10. Energy-Enstrophy Stability of beta-plane Kolmogorov Flow with Drag

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yue-Kin Tsang; William R. Young

    2008-03-04

    We develop a new nonlinear stability method, the Energy-Enstrophy (EZ) method, that is specialized to two-dimensional hydrodynamics; the method is applied to a beta-plane flow driven by a sinusoidal body force, and retarded by drag with damping time-scale mu^{-1}. The standard energy method (Fukuta and Murakami, J. Phys. Soc. Japan, 64, 1995, pp 3725) shows that the laminar solution is monotonically and globally stable in a certain portion of the (mu,beta)-parameter space. The EZ method proves nonlinear stability in a larger portion of the (mu,beta)-parameter space. And by penalizing high wavenumbers, the EZ method identifies a most strongly amplifying disturbance that is more physically realistic than that delivered by the energy method. Linear instability calculations are used to determine the region of the (mu,beta)-parameter space where the flow is unstable to infinitesimal perturbations. There is only a small gap between the linearly unstable region and the nonlinearly stable region, and full numerical solutions show only small transient amplification in that gap.

  11. A Frequency Selective Surface based focal plane receiver for the OLIMPO balloon-borne telescope

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahashabde, Sumedh; Bengtsson, Andreas; Andrén, Daniel; Tarasov, Michael; Salatino, Maria; de Bernardis, Paolo; Masi, Silvia; Kuzmin, Leonid

    2015-01-01

    We describe here a focal plane array of Cold-Electron Bolometer (CEB) detectors integrated in a Frequency Selective Surface (FSS) for the 350 GHz detection band of the OLIMPO balloon-borne telescope. In our architecture, the two terminal CEB has been integrated in the periodic unit cell of the FSS structure and is impedance matched to the embedding impedance seen by it and provides a resonant interaction with the incident sub-mm radiation. The detector array has been designed to operate in background noise limited condition for incident powers of 20 pW to 80 pW, making it possible to use the same pixel in both photometric and spectrometric configurations. We present high frequency and dc simulations of our system, together with fabrication details. The frequency response of the FSS array, optical response measurements with hot/cold load in front of optical window and with variable temperature black body source inside cryostat are presented. A comparison of the optical response to the CEB model and estimations...

  12. Direct observation of ultrafast many-body electron dynamics in a strongly-correlated ultracold Rydberg gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takei, Nobuyuki; Genes, Claudiu; Pupillo, Guido; Goto, Haruka; Koyasu, Kuniaki; Chiba, Hisashi; Weidemüller, Matthias; Ohmori, Kenji

    2015-01-01

    Many-body interactions govern a variety of important quantum phenomena ranging from superconductivity and magnetism in condensed matter to solvent effects in chemistry. Understanding those interactions beyond mean field is a holy grail of modern sciences. AMO physics with advanced laser technologies has recently emerged as a new platform to study quantum many-body systems. One of its latest developments is the study of long-range interactions among ultracold particles to reveal the effects of many-body correlations. Rydberg atoms distinguish themselves by their large dipole moments and tunability of dipolar interactions. Most of ultracold Rydberg experiments have been performed with narrow-band lasers in the Rydberg blockade regime. Here we demonstrate an ultracold Rydberg gas in a complementary regime, where electronic coherence is created using a broadband picosecond laser pulse, thus circumventing the Rydberg blockade to induce strong many-body correlations. The effects of long-range Rydberg interactions h...

  13. Effect of Bubbles on Liquid Nitrogen Breakdown in Plane-Plane Electrode Geometry From 100-250 kPa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sauers, Isidor [ORNL; James, David Randy [ORNL; Tuncer, Enis [ORNL; Polyzos, Georgios [ORNL; Pace, Marshall O [ORNL

    2011-01-01

    Liquid nitrogen (LN(2)) is used as the cryogen and dielectric for many high temperature superconducting, high voltage applications. When a quench in the superconductor occurs, bubbles are generated which can affect the dielectric breakdown properties of the LN(2). Experiments were performed using plane-plane electrode geometry where bubbles were introduced into the gap through a pinhole in the ground electrode. Bubbles were generated using one or more kapton heaters producing heater powers up to 30 W. Pressure was varied from 100-250 kPa. Breakdown strength was found to be relatively constant up to a given heater power and pressure at which the breakdown strength drops to a low value depending on the pressure. After the drop the breakdown strength continues to drop gradually at higher heater power. This is particularly illustrated at 100 kPa. After the drop in breakdown strength the breakdown is believed to be due to the formation of a vapor bridge. Also the heater power at which the breakdown strength changes from that of LN(2) to that of gaseous nitrogen increases with increasing pressure. The data can provide design constraints for high temperature superconducting fault current limiters (FCLs) so that the formation of a vapor bridge can be suppressed or avoided.

  14. Dangerous Bodies: Freak Shows, Expression, and Exploitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fordham, Brigham A.

    2007-01-01

    Dangerous Bodies: Freak Shows, Expression, and ExploitationR.I. GEN. LAWS § 11-9-1. DANGEROUS BODIES Rhode Island does161 Id. Id. 165 id. 166 Id. DANGEROUS BODIES This argument

  15. Terahertz intersubband absorption in non-polar m-plane AlGaN/GaN quantum wells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Edmunds, C.; Malis, O.; Shao, J.; Shirazi-HD, M.; Manfra, M. J.

    2014-07-14

    We demonstrate THz intersubband absorption (15.6–26.1?meV) in m-plane AlGaN/GaN quantum wells. We find a trend of decreasing peak energy with increasing quantum well width, in agreement with theoretical expectations. However, a blue-shift of the transition energy of up to 14?meV was observed relative to the calculated values. This blue-shift is shown to decrease with decreasing charge density and is, therefore, attributed to many-body effects. Furthermore, a??40% reduction in the linewidth (from roughly 8 to 5?meV) was obtained by reducing the total sheet density and inserting undoped AlGaN layers that separate the wavefunctions from the ionized impurities in the barriers.

  16. Blocked impurity band hybrid infrared focal plane arrays for astronomy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reynolds, D.B.; Seib, D.H.; Stetson, S.B.; Herter, T.; Rowlands, N.; Schoenwald, J.

    1989-02-01

    High-performance infrared hybrid focal plane arrays using 10 x 50 element Si:As Blocked-Impurity-Band (BIB) detectors (cut-off wavelength = 28 ..mu..m) and matching switched MOSFET multiplexers have been developed and characterized for space astronomy. Use of impurity band conduction technology provides detectors which are nuclear radiation hard and free of the many anomalies associated with conventional silicon photoconductive detectors. Emphasis in this paper is on recent advances in detector material quality which have led to significantly improved detector and hybrid characteristics. Results demonstrating increase quantum efficiency (particular at short wavelength infrared), obtained by varying the Blocked-Impurity-Band detector properties (infrared active layer thickness and arsenic doping profile), are summarized. Read noise and dark current for different temperatures have been measured and are also described. The hybrid array performance achieved clearly demonstrates that BIB detectors are well suited for use in astronomical instrumentation.

  17. Planck 2015 results. XII. Full Focal Plane simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ade, P A R; Arnaud, M; Ashdown, M; Aumont, J; Baccigalupi, C; Banday, A J; Barreiro, R B; Bartlett, J G; Bartolo, N; Battaner, E; Benabed, K; Beno\\^\\it, A; Benoit-Lévy, A; Bernard, J -P; Bersanelli, M; Bielewicz, P; Bock, J J; Bonaldi, A; Bonavera, L; Bond, J R; Borrill, J; Bouchet, F R; Boulanger, F; Bucher, M; Burigana, C; Butler, R C; Calabrese, E; Cardoso, J -F; Castex, G; Catalano, A; Challinor, A; Chamballu, A; Chiang, H C; Christensen, P R; Clements, D L; Colombi, S; Colombo, L P L; Combet, C; Couchot, F; Coulais, A; Crill, B P; Curto, A; Cuttaia, F; Danese, L; Davies, R D; Davis, R J; de Bernardis, P; de Rosa, A; de Zotti, G; Delabrouille, J; Delouis, J -M; Désert, F -X; Dickinson, C; Diego, J M; Dolag, K; Dole, H; Donzelli, S; Doré, O; Douspis, M; Ducout, A; Dupac, X; Efstathiou, G; Elsner, F; Enßlin, T A; Eriksen, H K; Fergusson, J; Finelli, F; Forni, O; Frailis, M; Fraisse, A A; Franceschi, E; Frejsel, A; Galeotta, S; Galli, S; Ganga, K; Ghosh, T; Giard, M; Giraud-Héraud, Y; Gjerløw, E; González-Nuevo, J; Górski, K M; Gratton, S; Gregorio, A; Gruppuso, A; Gudmundsson, J E; Hansen, F K; Hanson, D; Harrison, D L; Henrot-Versillé, S; Hernández-Monteagudo, C; Herranz, D; Hildebrandt, S R; Hivon, E; Hobson, M; Holmes, W A; Hornstrup, A; Hovest, W; Huffenberger, K M; Hurier, G; Jaffe, A H; Jaffe, T R; Jones, W C; Juvela, M; Karakci, A; Keihänen, E; Keskitalo, R; Kiiveri, K; Kisner, T S; Kneissl, R; Knoche, J; Kunz, M; Kurki-Suonio, H; Lagache, G; Lamarre, J -M; Lasenby, A; Lattanzi, M; Lawrence, C R; Leonardi, R; Lesgourgues, J; Levrier, F; Liguori, M; Lilje, P B; Linden-Vørnle, M; Lindholm, V; López-Caniego, M; Lubin, P M; Mac\\'\\ias-Pérez, J F; Maggio, G; Maino, D; Mandolesi, N; Mangilli, A; Maris, M; Martin, P G; Mart\\'\\inez-González, E; Masi, S; Matarrese, S; McGehee, P; Meinhold, P R; Melchiorri, A; Melin, J -B; Mendes, L; Mennella, A; Migliaccio, M; Mitra, S; Miville-Deschênes, M -A; Moneti, A; Montier, L; Morgante, G; Mortlock, D; Moss, A; Munshi, D; Murphy, J A; Naselsky, P; Nati, F; Natoli, P; Netterfield, C B; Nørgaard-Nielsen, H U; Noviello, F; Novikov, D; Novikov, I; Oxborrow, C A; Paci, F; Pagano, L; Pajot, F; Paoletti, D; Pasian, F; Patanchon, G; Pearson, T J; Perdereau, O; Perotto, L; Perrotta, F; Pettorino, V; Piacentini, F; Piat, M; Pierpaoli, E; Pietrobon, D; Plaszczynski, S; Pointecouteau, E; Polenta, G; Pratt, G W; Prézeau, G; Prunet, S; Puget, J -L; Rachen, J P; Rebolo, R; Reinecke, M; Remazeilles, M; Renault, C; Renzi, A; Ristorcelli, I; Rocha, G; Roman, M; Rosset, C; Rossetti, M; Roudier, G; Rubiño-Martín, J A; Rusholme, B; Sandri, M; Santos, D; Savelainen, M; Scott, D; Seiffert, M D; Shellard, E P S; Spencer, L D; Stolyarov, V; Stompor, R; Sudiwala, R; Sutton, D; Suur-Uski, A -S; Sygnet, J -F; Tauber, J A; Terenzi, L; Toffolatti, L; Tomasi, M; Tristram, M; Tucci, M; Tuovinen, J; Valenziano, L; Valiviita, J; Van Tent, B; Vielva, P; Villa, F; Wade, L A; Wandelt, B D; Wehus, I K; Welikala, N; Yvon, D; Zacchei, A; Zonca, A

    2015-01-01

    We present the 8th Full Focal Plane simulation set (FFP8), deployed in support of the Planck 2015 results. FFP8 consists of 10 fiducial mission realizations reduced to 18144 maps, together with the most massive suite of Monte Carlo realizations of instrument noise and CMB ever generated, comprising $10^4$ mission realizations reduced to about $10^6$ maps. The resulting maps incorporate the dominant instrumental, scanning, and data analysis effects; remaining subdominant effects will be included in future updates. Generated at a cost of some 25 million CPU-hours spread across multiple high-performance-computing (HPC) platforms, FFP8 is used for the validation and verification of analysis algorithms, as well as their implementations, and for removing biases from and quantifying uncertainties in the results of analyses of the real data.

  18. The focal plane instrumentation for the DUNE mission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeff Booth; Mark Cropper; Frank Eisenhauer; Alexandre Refregier; the DUNE collaboration

    2008-07-25

    DUNE (Dark Universe Explorer) is a proposed mission to measure parameters of dark energy using weak gravitational lensing The particular challenges of both optical and infrared focal planes and the DUNE baseline solution is discussed. The DUNE visible Focal Plane Array (VFP) consists of 36 large format red-sensitive CCDs, arranged in a 9x4 array together with the associated mechanical support structure and electronics processing chains. Four additional CCDs dedicated to attitude control measurements are located at the edge of the array. All CCDs are 4096 pixel red-enhanced e2v CCD203-82 devices with square 12 $\\mu$m pixels, operating from 550-920nm. Combining four rows of CCDs provides a total exposure time of 1500s. The VFP will be used in a closed-loop system by the spacecraft, which operates in a drift scan mode, in order to synchronize the scan and readout rates. The Near Infrared (NIR) FPA consists of a 5 x 12 mosaic of 60 Hawaii 2RG detector arrays from Teledyne, NIR bandpass filters for the wavelength bands Y, J, and H, the mechanical support structure, and the detector readout and signal processing electronics. The FPA is operated at a maximum temperature of 140 K for low dark current of 0.02e$-$/s. Each sensor chip assembly has 2048 x 2048 square pixels of 18 $\\mu$m size (0.15 arcsec), sensitive in the 0.8 to 1.7 $\\mu$m wavelength range. As the spacecraft is scanning the sky, the image motion on the NIR FPA is stabilized by a de-scanning mirror during the integration time of 300 s per detector. The total integration time of 1500 seconds is split among the three NIR wavelengths bands. DUNE has been proposed to ESA's Cosmic Vision program and has been jointly selected with SPACE for an ESA Assessment Phase which has led to the joint Euclid mission concept.

  19. Catalyzed Water Oxidation by Solar Irradiation of Band-Gap-Narrowed Semiconductors (Part 1. Overview).

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fujita,E.; Khalifah, P.; Lymar, S.; Muckerman, J.T.; Rodgriguez, J.

    2008-03-18

    The objectives of this report are: (1) Investigate the catalysis of water oxidation by cobalt and manganese hydrous oxides immobilized on titania or silica nanoparticles, and dinuclear metal complexes with quinonoid ligands in order to develop a better understanding of the critical water oxidation chemistry, and rationally search for improved catalysts. (2) Optimize the light-harvesting and charge-separation abilities of stable semiconductors including both a focused effort to improve the best existing materials by investigating their structural and electronic properties using a full suite of characterization tools, and a parallel effort to discover and characterize new materials. (3) Combine these elements to examine the function of oxidation catalysts on Band-Gap-Narrowed Semiconductor (BGNSC) surfaces and elucidate the core scientific challenges to the efficient coupling of the materials functions.

  20. Effect of Initial Disturbance on The Detonation Front Structure of a Narrow Duct

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dou, Hua-Shu

    2010-01-01

    The effect of an initial disturbance on the detonation front structure in a narrow duct is studied by three-dimensional numerical simulation. The numerical method used includes a high resolution fifth-order weighted essentially non-oscillatory scheme for spatial discretization, coupled with a third order total variation diminishing Runge-Kutta time stepping method. Two types of disturbances are used for the initial perturbation. One is a random disturbance which is imposed on the whole area of the detonation front, and the other is a symmetrical disturbance imposed within a band along the diagonal direction on the front. The results show that the two types of disturbances lead to different processes. For the random disturbance, the detonation front evolves into a stable spinning detonation. For the symmetrical diagonal disturbance, the detonation front displays a diagonal pattern at an early stage, but this pattern is unstable. It breaks down after a short while and it finally evolves into a spinning detonati...

  1. Extremely narrow spectrum of GRB110920A: further evidence for localised, subphotospheric dissipation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iyyani, S; Ahlgren, B; Burgess, J M; Larsson, J; Pe'er, A; Lundman, C; Axelsson, M; McGlynn, S

    2015-01-01

    Much evidence points towards that the photosphere in the relativistic outflow in GRBs plays an important role in shaping the observed MeV spectrum. However, it is unclear whether the spectrum is fully produced by the photosphere or whether a substantial part of the spectrum is added by processes far above the photosphere. Here we make a detailed study of the $\\gamma-$ray emission from single pulse GRB110920A which has a spectrum that becomes extremely narrow towards the end of the burst. We show that the emission can be interpreted as Comptonisation of thermal photons by cold electrons in an unmagnetised outflow at an optical depth of $\\tau \\sim 20$. The electrons receive their energy by a local dissipation occurring close to the saturation radius. The main spectral component of GRB110920A and its evolution is thus, in this interpretation, fully explained by the emission from the photosphere including localised dissipation at high optical depths.

  2. Narrow band wavelength selective filter using grating assisted single ring resonator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prabhathan, P. Murukeshan, V. M.

    2014-09-15

    This paper illustrates a filter configuration which uses a single ring resonator of larger radius connected to a grating resonator at its drop port to achieve single wavelength selectivity and switching property with spectral features suitable for on-chip wavelength selection applications. The proposed configuration is expected to find applications in silicon photonics devices such as, on-chip external cavity lasers and multi analytic label-free biosensors. The grating resonator has been designed for a high Q-factor, high transmittivity, and minimum loss so that the wavelength selectivity of the device is improved. The proof-of-concept device has been demonstrated on a Silicon-on-Insulator (SOI) platform through electron beam lithography and Reactive Ion Etching (RIE) process. The transmission spectrum shows narrow band single wavelength selection and switching property with a high Free Spectral Range (FSR) ?60 nm and side band rejection ratio >15 dB.

  3. Fast and Precise 3D Computation of Capacitance of Parallel Narrow Beam MEMS Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. Majumdar; S. Mukhopadhyay

    2007-03-06

    Efficient design and performance of electrically actuated MEMS devices necessitate accurate estimation of electrostatic forces on the MEMS structures. This in turn requires thorough study of the capacitance of the structures and finally the charge density distribution on the various surfaces of a device. In this work, nearly exact BEM solutions have been provided in order to estimate these properties of a parallel narrow beam structure found in MEMS devices. The effect of three-dimensionality, which is an important aspect for these structures, and associated fringe fields have been studied in detail. A reasonably large parameter space has been covered in order to follow the variation of capacitance with various geometric factors. The present results have been compared with those obtained using empirical parametrized expressions keeping in view the requirement of the speed of computation. The limitations of the empirical expressions have been pointed out and possible approaches of their improvement have been discussed.

  4. Spectral Linewidth Narrowing and Tunable Two-Color Laser Operation of Two Diode Laser Arrays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Bo [ORNL; Braiman, Yehuda [ORNL

    2012-01-01

    We propose and implement a common external cavity to narrow spectral linewidth of two broad-area laser diode arrays (LDAs) and align their center wavelengths. The locked center wavelength of two LDAs can be tuned in the range of {approx}10 nm by tuning the tilted angle of the diffraction grating. The output beams of two LDAs are spatially overlapped through the polarization beam splitter of the common external cavity, and the total output power equals the power of two LDAs. The center wavelength of each LDA can be independently tuned by shifting the corresponding fast-axis collimation lens. As a result, the high-power two-color LDA operation is demonstrated with the tunable wavelength difference of up to 2 nm ({approx}1 THz).

  5. Searching for Narrow Graviton Resonances with the ATLAS Detector at the Large Hadron Collider

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allanach, Benjamin C; Parker, M A; Webber, Bryan R

    2000-01-01

    A spectrum of massive graviton states is present in several recent theoretical models that include extra space dimensions. In some such models the graviton states are well separated in mass, and can be detected as resonances in collider experiments. The ability of the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider to identify such states and measure their properties is considered, in the case that the resonances are narrow compared to the experimental resolution. The discovery limits for the detection of the decay mode G->e+e- are derived. The angular distribution of the lepton pair is used to determine the spin of the intermediate state. In one specific model, the resonance can be detected up to a graviton resonance mass of 2080 GeV, while the angular distribution favours a spin-2 hypothesis over a spin-1 hypothesis at 90% confidence for resonance masses up to 1720 GeV.

  6. Cluster-subcluster Mergers and the Formation of Narrow-angle Tailed Radio Sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Bliton; E. Rizza; J. O. Burns; F. N. Owen; M. J. Ledlow

    1998-11-01

    We have examined the ROSAT PSPC X-ray properties of a sample of 15 Abell clusters containing 23 narrow-angle tailed (NAT) radio galaxies. We find that clusters with NATs show a significantly higher level of substructure than a similar sample of radio-quiet clusters, indicating that NAT radio sources are preferentially located in dynamically complex systems. Also, the velocity distribution of the NAT galaxies is similar to that of other cluster members; these velocities are inadequate for producing the ram pressure necessary to bend the radio jets. We therefore propose a new model for NAT formation, in which NATs are associated with dynamically complex clusters undergoing merger events. The U-shaped NAT morphology is produced in part by the merger-induced bulk motion of the ICM bending the jets.

  7. CONSTRAINING JET PRODUCTION SCENARIOS BY STUDIES OF NARROW-LINE RADIO GALAXIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sikora, Marek; Stasinska, Grazyna; Koziel-Wierzbowska, Dorota; Madejski, Greg M.; Asari, Natalia V.

    2013-03-01

    We study a large sample of narrow-line radio galaxies (NLRGs) with extended radio structures. Using 1.4 GHz radio luminosities L {sub 1.4}, narrow optical emission line luminosities L {sub [OIII]} and L{sub H{sub {alpha}}}, as well as black hole masses M {sub BH} derived from stellar velocity dispersions measured from the optical spectra obtained with the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, we find that (1) NLRGs cover about four decades of the Eddington ratio, {lambda} {identical_to} L {sub bol}/L {sub Edd}{proportional_to}L {sub line}/M {sub BH}; (2) L {sub 1.4}/M {sub BH} strongly correlates with {lambda}; and (3) radio loudness, R{identical_to}L{sub 1.4}/L{sub line}, strongly anti-correlates with {lambda}. A very broad range of the Eddington ratio indicates that the parent population of NLRGs includes both radio-loud quasars (RLQs) and broad-line radio galaxies (BLRGs). The correlations they obey and their high jet production efficiencies favor a jet production model which involves the so-called magnetically choked accretion scenario. In this model, production of the jet is dominated by the Blandford-Znajek mechanism, and the magnetic fields in the vicinity of the central black hole are confined by the ram pressure of the accretion flow. Since large net magnetic flux accumulated in central regions of the accretion flow required by the model can take place only via geometrically thick accretion, we speculate that the massive, 'cold' accretion events associated with luminous emission-line active galactic nucleus can be accompanied by an efficient jet production only if preceded by a hot, very sub-Eddington accretion phase.

  8. Light effects in the atomic-motion-induced Ramsey narrowing of dark resonances in wall-coated cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Breschi, E.; Schori, C.; Di Domenico, G.; Mileti, G. [Laboratoire Temps-Frequence-University of Neuchatel, CH-2000 Neuchatel (Switzerland); Kazakov, G.; Litvinov, A.; Matisov, B. [St. Petersburg State Polytechnic University, RU-195251 St. Petersburg (Russian Federation)

    2010-12-15

    We report on light shift and broadening in the atomic-motion-induced Ramsey narrowing of dark resonances prepared in alkali-metal vapors contained in wall-coated cells without buffer gas. The atomic-motion-induced Ramsey narrowing is due to the free motion of the polarized atomic spins in and out of the optical interaction region before spin relaxation. As a consequence of this effect, we observe a narrowing of the dark resonance linewidth as well as a reduction of the ground states' light shift when the volume of the interaction region decreases at constant optical intensity. The results can be intuitively interpreted as a dilution of the intensity effect similar to a pulsed interrogation due to the atomic motion. Finally the influence of this effect on the performance of compact atomic clocks is discussed.

  9. Narrow-band injection seeding of a terahertz frequency quantum cascade laser: Selection and suppression of longitudinal modes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nong, Hanond, E-mail: Nong.Hanond@rub.de; Markmann, Sergej; Hekmat, Negar; Jukam, Nathan, E-mail: Nathan.Jukam@rub.de [Arbeitsgruppe Terahertz Spektroskopie und Technologie, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Bochum 44780 (Germany); Pal, Shovon [Arbeitsgruppe Terahertz Spektroskopie und Technologie, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Bochum 44780 (Germany); Lehrstuhl für Angewandte Festkörperphysik, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Bochum 44780 (Germany); Mohandas, Reshma A.; Dean, Paul; Li, Lianhe; Linfield, Edmund H.; Giles Davies, A. [School of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT (United Kingdom); Wieck, Andreas D. [Lehrstuhl für Angewandte Festkörperphysik, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Bochum 44780 (Germany)

    2014-09-15

    A periodically poled lithium niobate (PPLN) crystal with multiple poling periods is used to generate tunable narrow-bandwidth THz pulses for injection seeding a quantum cascade laser (QCL). We demonstrate that longitudinal modes of the quantum cascade laser close to the gain maximum can be selected or suppressed according to the seed spectrum. The QCL emission spectra obtained by electro-optic sampling from the quantum cascade laser, in the most favorable case, shows high selectivity and amplification of the longitudinal modes that overlap the frequency of the narrow-band seed. Proper selection of the narrow-band THz seed from the PPLN crystal discretely tunes the longitudinal mode emission of the quantum cascade laser. Moreover, the THz wave build-up within the laser cavity is studied as a function of the round-trip time. When the seed frequency is outside the maximum of the gain spectrum the laser emission shifts to the preferential longitudinal mode.

  10. Electromagnetic radiation by gravitating bodies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iwo Bialynicki-Birula; Zofia Bialynicka-Birula

    2008-05-06

    Gravitating bodies in motion, regardless of their constitution, always produce electromagnetic radiation in the form of photon pairs. This phenomenon is an analog of the radiation caused by the motion of dielectric (or magnetic) bodies. It is a member of a wide class of phenomena named dynamical Casimir effects, and it may be viewed as the squeezing of the electromagnetic vacuum. Production of photon pairs is a purely quantum-mechanical effect. Unfortunately, as we show, the emitted radiation is extremely weak as compared to radiation produced by other mechanisms.

  11. The fundamental plane of clusters of galaxies: a quest for understanding cluster dynamics and morphology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christoph Fritsch; Thomas Buchert

    1999-03-10

    We discuss implications of the fundamental plane parameters of clusters of galaxies derived from combined optical and X-ray data of a sample of 78 nearby clusters. In particular, we investigate the dependence of these parameters on the dynamical state of the cluster. We introduce a new concept of allocation of the fundamental plane of clusters derived from their intrinsic morphological properties, and put some theoretical implications of the existence of a fundamental plane into perspective.

  12. HOUGH-TRANSFORM AND EXTENDED RANSAC ALGORITHMS FOR AUTOMATIC DETECTION OF 3D BUILDING ROOF PLANES FROM LIDAR DATA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    HOUGH-TRANSFORM AND EXTENDED RANSAC ALGORITHMS FOR AUTOMATIC DETECTION OF 3D BUILDING ROOF PLANES reconstruction methods, the techniques allowing the detection of 3D building roof planes are of crucial even if this plane does not always represent a roof plane. So the proposed extension allows harmonizing

  13. Harnessing the Power of the Sun, Solar Impulse Plane Lands in DC Area

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Today, Secretary Moniz spoke at an event welcoming the arrival of the solar-powered Solar Impulse plane at Dulles International Airport near Washington, D.C.

  14. From the Academy Body patterning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patel, Nipam H.

    Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637 Early patterning of the body during animal development is a fundamental process neural network, respectively. When we plan a new house, we first fashion a blueprint indicating animal) begins with a fertilized egg, and through proliferation, this single cell becomes many. This mass

  15. Spectrally narrowed leaky waveguide edge emission and transient electrluminescent dynamics of OLEDs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhengqing, Gan

    2010-05-16

    In summary, there are two major research works presented in this dissertation. The first research project (Chapter 4) is spectrally narrowed edge emission from Organic Light Emitting Diodes. The second project (Chapter 5) is about transient electroluminescent dynamics in OLEDs. Chapter 1 is a general introduction of OLEDs. Chapter 2 is a general introduction of organic semiconductor lasers. Chapter 3 is a description of the thermal evaporation method for OLED fabrication. The detail of the first project was presented in Chapter 4. Extremely narrowed spectrum was observed from the edge of OLED devices. A threshold thickness exists, above which the spectrum is narrow, and below which the spectrum is broad. The FWHM of spectrum depends on the material of the organic thin films, the thickness of the organic layers, and length of the OLED device. A superlinear relationship between the output intensity of the edge emission and the length of the device was observed, which is probably due to the misalignment of the device edge and the optical fiber detector. The original motivation of this research is for organic semiconductor laser that hasn't been realized due to the extremely high photon absorption in OLED devices. Although we didn't succeed in fabricating an electrically pumped organic laser diode, we made a comprehensive research in edge emission of OLEDs which provides valuable results in understanding light distribution and propagation in OLED devices. Chapter 5 focuses on the second project. A strong spike was observed at the falling edge of a pulse, and a long tail followed. The spike was due to the recombination of correlated charge pair (CCP) created by trapped carriers in guest molecules of the recombination zone. When the bias was turned off, along with the decreasing of electric field in the device, the electric field induced quenching decreases and the recombination rate of the CCP increases which result in the spike. This research project provides a profound understanding of the EL dynamics of OLED, and the theoretical model can fit and explain the experiment data quite well. For the edge emission, we focused on the spectrum and the relative intensity of the edge emission. In the future, more research can be done on the comparison of the intensity between the total edge emission and the surface emission which will give us a sense what fraction of light was trapped in the device. Micro structures can be integrated into the OLED such as DFB and DBR, the character of edge emission should be very interesting. For the transient spike, the CCP model can give a good explanation. But in the model, the effect of the electric field change is not included, because from the start point (t=0), we assume the mobility of carriers is a constant. If we consider the details of the change of the electric field, then when turning of the bias, the decrease of the electric field results in decrease of the carrier mobility and the dissociation rate. If we can add the electric field effect into the model, the whole theory will be more convincing.

  16. Plane waves in quantum gravity: breakdown of the classical spacetime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guillermo A. Mena Marugan; Manuel Montejo

    2000-01-11

    Starting with the Hamiltonian formulation for spacetimes with two commuting spacelike Killing vectors, we construct a midisuperspace model for linearly polarized plane waves in vacuum gravity. This model has no constraints and its degrees of freedom can be interpreted as an infinite and continuous set of annihilation and creation like variables. We also consider a simplified version of the model, in which the number of modes is restricted to a discrete set. In both cases, the quantization is achieved by introducing a Fock representation. We find regularized operators to represent the metric and discuss whether the coherent states of the quantum theory are peaked around classical spacetimes. It is shown that, although the expectation value of the metric on Killing orbits coincides with a classical solution, its relative fluctuations become significant when one approaches a region where null geodesics are focused. In that region, the spacetimes described by coherent states fail to admit an approximate classical description. This result applies as well to the vacuum of the theory.

  17. Engineering of optical polarization based on electronic band structures of A-plane ZnO layers under biaxial strains

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matsui, Hiroaki, E-mail: hiroaki@ee.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp; Tabata, Hitoshi [Department of Bioengineering, The University of Tokyo, 1-3-7 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); Department of Electrical Engineering and Information Systems, The University of Tokyo, 1-3-7 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); Hasuike, Noriyuki; Harima, Hiroshi [Department of Electronics and Information Science, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8585 (Japan)

    2014-09-21

    In-plane anisotropic strains in A-plane layers on the electronic band structure of ZnO were investigated from the viewpoint of optical polarization anisotropy. Investigations utilizing k·p perturbation theory revealed that energy transitions and associated oscillation strengths were dependent on in-plane strains. The theoretical correlation between optical polarizations and in-plane strains was experimentally demonstrated using A-plane ZnO layers with different in-plane strains. Finally, optical polarization anisotropy and its implications for in-plane optical properties are discussed in relation to the energy shift between two orthogonal directions. Higher polarization rotations were obtained in an A-plane ZnO layer with in-plane biaxially compressive strains as compared to strain-free ZnO. This study provides detailed information concerning the role played by in-plane strains in optically polarized applications based on nonpolar ZnO in the ultra-violet region.

  18. NARROW AISLE MOBILE ROBOT NAVIGATION IN HAZARDOUS ENVIRONMENTS Thomas R. Collins, Andrew M. Henshaw Ronald C. Arkin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the semi-structured environment found in a hazardous waste storage facility, a sensor system should useNARROW AISLE MOBILE ROBOT NAVIGATION IN HAZARDOUS ENVIRONMENTS Thomas R. Collins, Andrew M. Henshaw it to a system more suitable for actual deployment on a robot. Routine monitoring of stored radioactive materials

  19. NARROW AISLE MOBILE ROBOT NAVIGATION IN HAZARDOUS ENVIRONMENTS Thomas R. Collins, Andrew M. Henshaw Ronald C. Arkin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the semi­structured environment found in a hazardous waste storage facility, a sensor system should useNARROW AISLE MOBILE ROBOT NAVIGATION IN HAZARDOUS ENVIRONMENTS Thomas R. Collins, Andrew M. Henshaw it to a system more suitable for actual deployment on a robot. Routine monitoring of stored radioactive materials

  20. IEEE JOURNAL OF QUANTUM ELECTRONICS, VOL. 42, NO. 4, APRIL 2006 381 Self-Pulsation Dynamics in Narrow Stripe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischer, Ingo

    IEEE JOURNAL OF QUANTUM ELECTRONICS, VOL. 42, NO. 4, APRIL 2006 381 Self-Pulsation Dynamics in Narrow Stripe Semiconductor Lasers Pascal Landais, Member, IEEE, Stephen A. Lynch, Senior Member, IEEE, James O'Gorman, Ingo Fischer, and Wolfgang Elsäßer, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract--In this paper, we

  1. arXiv:hep-ph/010131629Jan2001 QCD Signatures of Narrow Graviton Resonances in Hadron Colliders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sjöstrand, Torbjörn

    production. For the cross sections (a) and (b) of the processes depicted in Fig. 1 we reproduce in accordance? spectrum yields valu- able information for the test of models for the production of narrow graviton-Sundrum model 1]. As opposed to the concept of Large Extra Dimensions 2], where a continuous spectrum of Kaluza

  2. Energy transport in weakly nonlinear wave systems with narrow frequency band excitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elena Kartashova

    2012-09-29

    A novel discrete model (D-model) is presented describing nonlinear wave interactions in systems with small and moderate nonlinearity under narrow frequency band excitation. It integrates in a single theoretical frame two mechanisms of energy transport between modes, namely intermittency and energy cascade and gives conditions when which regime will take place. Conditions for the formation of a cascade, cascade direction, conditions for cascade termination, etc. are given and depend strongly on the choice of excitation parameters. The energy spectra of a cascade may be computed yielding discrete and continuous energy spectra. The model does not need statistical assumptions as all effects are derived from the interaction of distinct modes. In the example given -- surface water waves with dispersion function $\\o^2=g\\,k$ and small nonlinearity -- D-model predicts asymmetrical growth of side-bands for Benjamin-Feir instability while transition from discrete to continuous energy spectrum excitation parameters properly chosen yields the saturated Phillips' power spectrum $\\sim g^2\\o^{-5}$. D-model can be applied to the experimental and theoretical study of numerous wave systems appearing in hydrodynamics, nonlinear optics, electrodynamics, plasma, convection theory, etc.

  3. An ytterbium quantum gas microscope with narrow-line laser cooling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yamamoto, Ryuta; Kuno, Takuma; Kato, Kohei; Takahashi, Yoshiro

    2015-01-01

    We demonstrate site-resolved imaging of individual bosonic $^{174}\\mathrm{Yb}$ atoms in a Hubbard-regime two-dimensional optical lattice with a short lattice constant of 266 nm. To suppress the heating by probe light with the $^1S_0$-$^1P_1$ transition of the wavelength $\\lambda$ = 399 nm for high-resolution imaging and preserve atoms at the same lattice sites during the fluorescence imaging, we simultaneously cool atoms by additionally applying narrow-line optical molasses with the $^1S_0$-$^3P_1$ transition of the wavelength $\\lambda$ = 556 nm. We achieve a low temperature of $T = 7.4(1.3)\\ \\mu\\mathrm{K}$, corresponding to a mean oscillation quantum number along the horizontal axes of 0.22(4) during imaging process. We detect on average 200 fluorescence photons from a single atom within 400 ms exposure time, and estimate the detection fidelity of 87(2)%. The realization of a quantum gas microscope with enough fidelity for Yb atoms in a Hubbard-regime optical lattice opens up the possibilities for studying v...

  4. The optical variability of the narrow line Seyfert 1 galaxy IRAS 13224-3809

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. J. Young; C. S. Crawford; A. C. Fabian; W. N. Brandt; P. T. O'Brien

    1999-03-09

    We report on a short optical monitoring programme of the narrow-line Seyfert 1 Galaxy IRAS 13224-3809. Previous X-ray observations of this object have shown persistent giant variability. The degree of variability at other wavelengths may then be used to constrain the conditions and emission processes within the nucleus. Optical variability is expected if the electron population responsible for the soft X-ray emission is changing rapidly and Compton-upscattering infrared photons in the nucleus, or if the mechanism responsible for X-ray emission causes all the emission processes to vary together. We find that there is no significant optical variability with a firm upper limit of 2 per cent and conclude that the primary soft X-ray emission region produces little of the observed optical emission. The X-ray and optical emission regions must be physically distinct and any reprocessing of X-rays into the optical waveband occurs some distance from the nucleus. The lack of optical variability indicates that the energy density of infrared radiation in the nucleus is at most equal to that of the ultraviolet radiation since little is upscattered into the optical waveband. The extremely large X-ray variability of IRAS 13224-3809 may be explained by relativistic boosting of more modest variations. Although such boosting enhances X-ray variability over optical variability, this only partially explains the lack of optical variability.

  5. Anomalous diameter dependence of thermal transport in ultra-narrow Si nanowires

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karamitaheri, Hossein, E-mail: karami@iue.tuwien.ac.at [Institute for Microelectronics, TU Wien, Gußhausstraße 27-29/E360, A-1040 Wien (Austria); Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Kashan, Kashan, 87317-51167 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Neophytou, Neophytos, E-mail: neophytou@iue.tuwien.ac.at [Institute for Microelectronics, TU Wien, Gußhausstraße 27-29/E360, A-1040 Wien (Austria); School of Engineering, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL (United Kingdom); Kosina, Hans, E-mail: kosina@iue.tuwien.ac.at [Institute for Microelectronics, TU Wien, Gußhausstraße 27-29/E360, A-1040 Wien (Austria)

    2014-01-14

    We present atomistic valence force field calculations of thermal transport in Si nanowires of diameters from 12?nm down to 1?nm. We show that as the diameter is reduced, the phonon density-of-states and transmission function acquire a finite value at low frequency, in contrast to approaching zero as in the bulk material. It turns out that this effect results in what Ziman described as the “problem of long longitudinal waves” [J. M. Ziman, Electrons and Phonons: The Theory of Transport Phenomena in Solids (Clarendon, Oxford, 1962)], which states that the thermal conductivity of a material increases as its length is increased due to the vanishing scattering for long-wavelength phonons. We show that this thermal transport improvement also appears in nanowires as their diameter is decreased below D?=?5?nm (not only as the length increases), originating from the increase in the density of the long wavevector modes. The observation is present under ballistic transport conditions, and further enhanced with the introduction of phonon-phonon scattering. Because of this, in such ultra-narrow nanowires, as the diameter is reduced, phonon transport is dominated more and more by lower energy phonons with longer mean-free paths. We show that ?80% of the heat is carried by phonons with energies less than 5?meV, most with mean-free paths of several hundreds of nanometers.

  6. Generation of nondegenerate narrow-band photon pairs for hybrid quantum network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jian Wang; Peng-YinJie Lv; Jin-Ming Cui; Bi-Heng Liu; Jian-Shun Tang; Yun-Feng Huang; Chuan-Feng Li; Guang-Can Guo

    2015-10-08

    In a hybrid quantum network, linking two kinds of quantum nodes through photonic channels requires excellent matching of central frequency and bandwidth between both nodes and their interfacing photons. However, pre-existing photon sources can not fulfill this requirement. Using a novel conjoined double-cavity strategy, we report the generation of nondegenerate narrow-band photon pairs by cavity-enhanced spontaneous parametric down-conversion. The central frequencies and bandwidths of the signal and idler photons are independently set to match with trapped ions and solid-state quantum memories. With this source we achieve the bandwidths and central frequencies of 4 MHz at 935 nm and 5 MHz at 880 nm for the signal and idler photons respectively, with a normalized spectrum brightness of 4.9/s/MHz/mW. Due to the ability of being independently locked to two different wavelenghts, the conjoined double-cavity is universally suitable for hybrid quantum network consisting of various quantum nodes.

  7. Radio jet emission from GeV-emitting narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Angelakis, E; Marchili, N; Foschini, L; Myserlis, I; Karamanavis, V; Komossa, S; Blinov, D; Krichbaum, T P; Sievers, A; Ungerechts, H; Zensus, J A

    2015-01-01

    We studied the radio emission from four radio-loud and gamma-ray-loud narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxies. The goal was to investigate whether a relativistic jet is operating at the source, and quantify its characteristics. We relied on the most systematic monitoring of such system in the cm and mm radio bands which is conducted with the Effelsberg 100 m and IRAM 30 m telescopes and covers the longest time-baselines and the most radio frequencies to date. We extract variability parameters and compute variability brightness temperatures and Doppler factors. The jet powers were computed from the light curves to estimate the energy output. The dynamics of radio spectral energy distributions were examined to understand the mechanism causing the variability. All the sources display intensive variability that occurs at a pace faster than what is commonly seen in blazars. The flaring events show intensive spectral evolution indicative of shock evolution. The brightness temperatures and Doppler factors are moderate, imply...

  8. My body in the brain: a neurocognitive model of body-ownership

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheldon, Nathan D.

    in the brain: a neurocognitive model of body- ownership. Neuropsychologia, 48(3):703-12. #12;Abstract EmpiricalMy body in the brain: a neurocognitive model of body-ownership Manos Tsakiris Department the experience of body-ownership. This review puts forward a neurocognitive model according to which body

  9. A plane stress anisotropic plastic flow theory for orthotropic sheet metals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tong, Wei

    A plane stress anisotropic plastic flow theory for orthotropic sheet metals Wei Tong * Department for describing the anisotropic plastic flow of ortho- tropic polycrystalline aluminum sheet metals under plane anisotropic material functions to specify a flow potential, an associated flow rule of plastic strain rates

  10. On the energy transported by exact plane gravitational-wave solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yuri N. Obukhov; J. G. Pereira; Guillermo F. Rubilar

    2009-09-24

    The energy and momentum transported by exact plane gravitational-wave solutions of Einstein equations are computed using the teleparallel equivalent formulation of Einstein's theory. It is shown that these waves transport neither energy nor momentum. A comparison with the usual linear plane gravitational-waves solution of the linearized Einstein equation is presented.

  11. Liquid crystal display using combined fringe and in-plane electric fields Ji Woong Park,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    a wide viewing angle. The lower operation voltage helps to reduce power consumption and heat dissipationLiquid crystal display using combined fringe and in-plane electric fields Ji Woong Park,1 Young Joo August 2008 A high performance liquid crystal display using combined fringe and in-plane horizontal

  12. Directional dependence of nonlinear surface acoustic waves in the (001) plane of cubic crystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Directional dependence of nonlinear surface acoustic waves in the (001) plane of cubic crystals R surface acoustic waves in the 001 plane of a variety of nonpiezoelectric cubic crystals. The basic theory the theory for nonlinear Rayleigh waves in iso- tropic media, the theory for nonlinear surface acoustic waves

  13. Under consideration for publication in J. Fluid Mech. 1 Heteroclinic connections in plane Couette

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cvitanovc', Predrag

    and periodic and relative periodic solutions, that are distinct from the laminar solution. This article reports significantly along a heteroclinic connection. 1. Introduction In plane Couette flow, the fluid between two is not the loss of linear stability of laminar flow, which never happens in plane Couette flow, but the existence

  14. Buoyancy storms in a zonal stream on the polar beta-plane: Experiments with altimetry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Afanassiev, Iakov

    circulation at the latitudes where this heating occurs contains a jet stream, the eastward zonal flowBuoyancy storms in a zonal stream on the polar beta-plane: Experiments with altimetry Y. Sui and Y in a zonal stream on the polar beta-plane: Experiments with altimetry Y. Sui and Y. D. Afanasyeva) Memorial

  15. In-Plane Fracture Resistance of a Crossply Fibrous Monolith John C. McNulty,*,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zok, Frank

    In-Plane Fracture Resistance of a Crossply Fibrous Monolith John C. McNulty,*, Matthew R. Begley; and Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269 The in-plane fracture of fiber pullout following fiber fracture. The mechanical response is modeled using a crack

  16. Through-Plane Water Transport Visualization in a PEMFC by Visible and Infrared Imaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kandlikar, Satish

    Through-Plane Water Transport Visualization in a PEMFC by Visible and Infrared Imaging M. M. Daino and thermal profile in the through-plane direction of a proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) gas membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) is widely studied due to its impact on performance.1­4 A variety of imaging

  17. A RIEMANN MAPPING THEOREM FOR TWO-CONNECTED DOMAINS IN THE PLANE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the plane, such that neither boundary component is a point, to a representative domain of the form Ar = {z] that any two-connected domain in the plane such that neither boundary component is a point can be mapped [B6]). It is proved in [B3] that neither the Bergman nor Szego kernel can be rational in a two

  18. RIGID FLAT WEBS ON THE PROJECTIVE PLANE DAVID MARIN AND JORGE VITORIO PEREIRA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pereira, Jorge Vitório

    RIGID FLAT WEBS ON THE PROJECTIVE PLANE DAVID MAR´IN AND JORGE VIT´ORIO PEREIRA Abstract. This paper studies global webs on the projective plane with van- ishing curvature. The study is based show that the Legendre transform of what we call reduced convex foliations are webs with zero cur

  19. Nathan E. Bunderson Barton L. Smith Passive mixing control of plane parallel jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Barton L.

    ORIGINALS Nathan E. Bunderson Æ Barton L. Smith Passive mixing control of plane parallel jets Springer-Verlag 2005 Abstract An experimental study on the mixing of two plane, unventilated, parallel jets reveals an instability characterized by sinuous ``flapping'' of the jets and en- hanced mixing of the jets

  20. Density dependence of symmetry energy and collective transverse in-plane flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sakshi Gautam; Aman D. Sood; Rajeev K. Puri; J. Aichelin

    2011-12-13

    We study the sensitivity of the collective transverse in-plane flow to the symmetry energy and its density dependence at Fermi energies and higher incident energies. We find that collective transverse in-plane flow is sensitive to the symmetry energy and its density dependence at Fermi energies whereas it shows insensitivity at higher incident energies.

  1. Results from electrostatic calibrations for measuring the Casimir force in the cylinder-plane geometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wei, Q.; Dalvit, D. A. R.; Lombardo, F. C.; Mazzitelli, F. D.; Onofrio, R.

    2010-05-15

    We report on measurements performed on an apparatus aimed to study the Casimir force in the cylinder-plane configuration. The electrostatic calibrations evidence anomalous behaviors in the dependence of the electrostatic force and the minimizing potential upon distance. We discuss analogies and differences of these anomalies with respect to those already observed in the sphere-plane configuration. At the smallest explored distances we observe frequency shifts of non-Coulombian nature preventing the measurement of the Casimir force in the same range. We also report on measurements performed in the parallel-plane configuration, showing that the dependence on distance of the minimizing potential, if present at all, is milder than in the sphere-plane or cylinder-plane geometries. General considerations on the interplay between the distance-dependent minimizing potential and the precision of Casimir force measurements in the range relevant to detect the thermal corrections for all geometries are finally reported.

  2. System and method for generating a deselect mapping for a focal plane array

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bixler, Jay V; Brandt, Timothy G; Conger, James L; Lawson, Janice K

    2013-05-21

    A method for generating a deselect mapping for a focal plane array according to one embodiment includes gathering a data set for a focal plane array when exposed to light or radiation from a first known target; analyzing the data set for determining which pixels or subpixels of the focal plane array to add to a deselect mapping; adding the pixels or subpixels to the deselect mapping based on the analysis; and storing the deselect mapping. A method for gathering data using a focal plane array according to another embodiment includes deselecting pixels or subpixels based on a deselect mapping; gathering a data set using pixels or subpixels in a focal plane array that are not deselected upon exposure thereof to light or radiation from a target of interest; and outputting the data set.

  3. IN-PLANE MODAL TESTING OF A FREE ISOTROPIC PLATE USING LASER DOPPLER VIBROMETER MEASUREMENTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Batista, F. B.; Fabro, A. T.; Coser, L. F.; Arruda, J. R. F. [Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Campinas, Campinas, SP 13083-970 (Brazil); Albuquerque, E. L. [Technological Faculty, University of Brasilia, Brasilia, DF 70910-900 (Brazil)

    2010-05-28

    In this work an experimental procedure is proposed to obtain the lowest free in-plane vibration modes of an aluminum plate. Responses are measured along two longitudinal directions on the plate surface at selected points by an out-of-plane laser Doppler vibrometer set up to measure in-plane vibrations. Excitation is made at one specific point of the plate edge using a light impact hammer. The plate is supported by silicone spheres to simulate the free edge boundary conditions and ensure a stable stationary position in order to keep the laser focus distance. Numerical finite element simulations are carried out to compute the in-plane modes and frequencies in order to compare them with the corresponding experimental results. The identified experimental modes agree very well with the numerical predictions. The smooth in-plane modes can be used to identify the plate material constitutive model parameters using existing methods proposed elsewhere by the authors.

  4. Developing a narrow-line laser spectrometer based on a tunable continuous-wave dye laser

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Chun; Lv, Shasha; Bi, Jin; Liu, Fang; Li, Liufeng; Chen, Lisheng

    2014-08-15

    We present the development of a dye-laser-based spectrometer operating at 550–600 nm. The spectrometer will be used to detect an ultra-narrow clock transition ({sup 1}S{sub 0}-{sup 3}P{sub 0}) in an Ytterbium optical lattice clock and perform high-resolution spectroscopy of iodine molecules trapped in the sub-nanometer channels of zeolite crystal (AlPO{sub 4}-11). Two-stage Pound-Drever-Hall frequency stabilization is implemented on the tunable continuous-wave dye laser to obtain a reliable operation and provide stable laser radiations with two different spectral linewidths. In the first-stage frequency locking, a compact home-built intracavity electro-optic modulator is adopted for suppressing fast frequency noise. With an acquisition time of 0.1 s the 670-kHz linewidth of the free-running dye laser is reduced to 2 kHz when locked to a pre-stabilization optical cavity with a finesse of 1170. When the pre-stabilized laser is locked to a high-finesse optical cavity, a linewidth of 1.4 Hz (2 s) is observed and the frequency stability is 3.7 × 10{sup ?15} (3 s). We also measure and analyze the individual noise contributions such as those from residual amplitude modulation and electronic noise. The ongoing upgrades include improving long-term frequency stability at time scales from 10 to 100 s and implementing continuous frequency scan across 10 GHz with radio-frequency precision.

  5. Results of the Triggered TROI Steam Explosion Experiments with a Narrow Interaction Vessel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, J.H.; Park, I.K.; Min, B.T.; Hong, S.W.; Hong, S.H.; Song, J.H.; Kim, H.D.

    2006-07-01

    The effect of the interaction vessel geometry has been studied on the energetics of a steam explosion in the TROI experiment. The interaction vessel was 30 cm in diameter (1-D geometry). Two types of corium composition were used as a melt. One was spontaneously non-explosive 80 : 20 corium (UO{sub 2} : ZrO{sub 2}) and the other was spontaneously explosive 70 : 30 eutectic corium. A test with 80 : 20 corium was carried out without an external triggering. Another test with 80 : 20 corium was also carried out with an external trigger. In addition, two tests with 70 : 30 corium were carried out with an external trigger. The external trigger was applied just before the contact between the melt and the bottom of the interaction vessel. This time was thought to be the triggering time of a spontaneous steam explosion. The external trigger was a chemical explosive of PETN 1.0 g. However, none of these tests led to steam explosions even with an external triggering. Since eutectic corium led to spontaneous or triggered steam explosions in a previous test using a 60 cm wide interaction vessel (3-D geometry), it is quite probable that a geometry effect of the interaction vessel could exist. The reason for no steam explosions in the narrow (1-D) interaction vessel is believed to be a relatively high void fraction in the vessel when compared with the 3-D vessel. Due to the high void fraction, a steam explosion could not propagate to the surroundings of the melt where the water was depleted. (authors)

  6. Male body image: critical measurement issues 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Joshua Daniel

    2002-01-01

    , attractive) were asked. Also, the importance attributed to attainment of the identified ideal body did not moderate the relationship between the current-ideal discrepancy and affective body satisfaction, for either males or females. The attitudes towards...

  7. Visceral material: cinematic bodies on screen 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bugaj, Malgorzata

    2014-11-25

    This thesis investigates cinema’s attempts to engage in a dialogue with the trace of the physical body. My concern is with the on-screen presentation of the body rather than its treatment as a representation of gender, ...

  8. Numerical techniques of rigid body simulation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eberle, David Michael

    2001-01-01

    . One of the goals of this thesis is overcoming this restriction. Collision detection is only one of the many hurdles which arise in simulating collisions between rigid bodies. To calculate the appropriate response of colliding bodies, the point...

  9. IEEE JOURNAL OF SELECTED TOPICS IN QUANTUM ELECTRONICS, VOL. 10, NO. 5, SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER 2004 1025 Tunable Narrow-Linewidth Photonic Microwave

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Sze-Chun

    Tunable Narrow-Linewidth Photonic Microwave Generation Using Semiconductor Laser Dynamics Sze-Chun Chan narrow-linewidth microwave subcarrier on an optical wave by exploiting the nonlinear dynamics is experimentally demonstrated. The microwave frequency is generated by the period-one oscillation of an optically

  10. America's Digital Divide Narrows http://www.businessweek.com/print/technology/content/mar2007/tc2007... 1 of 2 3/15/2007 7:47

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knaust, Helmut

    America's Digital Divide Narrows http://www.businessweek.com/print/technology/content/mar2007/tc2007... 1 of 2 3/15/2007 7:47 TECHNOLOGY March 15, 2007, 8:14PM EST America's Digital Divide Narrows broadband connections to post blogs, watch and share videos on Google's (GOOG) YouTube, spruce up News Corp

  11. Body Mass Index - HPMC Occupational Health Services

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Health Education & Wellness > Health Calculators & Logs > Body Mass Index Health Education & Wellness Downloads & Patient Materials Health & Productivity Health Calculators & Logs...

  12. Developmental Variation in Ecogeographic Body Proportions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Auerbach, Benjamin M.

    Developmental Variation in Ecogeographic Body Proportions Libby W. Cowgill,1 * Courtney D. Eleazer; Bergmann's and Allen's rule; body proportions ABSTRACT While ecogeographic variation in adult human body proportions has been extensively explored, relatively less attention has been paid to the effect of Bergmann

  13. Measurement of the radial velocity of the Sun as a star by means of a reflecting solar system body. The effect of the body rotation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lanza, A F

    2015-01-01

    Minor bodies of the solar system can be used to measure the spectrum of the Sun as a star by observing sunlight reflected by their surfaces. To perform an accurate measurement of the radial velocity of the Sun as a star by this method, it is necessary to take into account the Doppler shifts introduced by the motion of the reflecting body. Here we discuss the effect of its rotation. It gives a vanishing contribution only when the inclinations of the body rotation axis to the directions of the Sun and of the Earth observer are the same. When this is not the case, the perturbation of the radial velocity does not vanish and can reach up to about 2.4 m/s for an asteroid such as 2 Pallas that has an inclination of the spin axis to the plane of the ecliptic of about 30 degrees. We introduce a geometric model to compute the perturbation in the case of a uniformly reflecting body of spherical or triaxial ellipsoidal shape and provide general results to easily estimate the magnitude of the effect.

  14. Spectropolarimetry of the Luminous Narrow-Line Seyfert Galaxies IRAS 20181-2244 and IRAS 13224-3809

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laura E. Kay; A. M. Magalhaes; F. Elizalde; C. Rodrigues

    1999-01-21

    We observed the narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxies IRAS 20181-2244 and IRAS 13324-3809 with a new spectropolarimeter on the RC spectrograph at the CTIO 4m telescope. Previously it had been suggested that IRAS 20181-2244 was a Type 2 QSO and thus might contain an obscured broad-line region which could be detected by the presence of broad Balmer lines in the polarized flux. We found the object to be polarized at about 2%, and constant with wavelength, (unlike most narrow-line Seyfert 1s), but with no evidence of broad Balmer lines in polarized flux. The spectropolarimetry indicates that the scattering material is inside the BLR. IRAS 13224-3809, notable for its high variability in X-ray and UV wavelengths, has a low polarization consistent with a Galactic interstellar origin.

  15. Colorful plane vortices and Chiral Symmetry Breaking in $SU(2)$ Lattice Gauge Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seyed Mohsen Hosseini Nejad; Manfried Faber; Roman Höllwieser

    2015-08-11

    We investigate plane vortices with color structure. The topological charge and gauge action of such colorful plane vortices are studied in the continuum and on the lattice. These configurations are vacuum to vacuum transitions changing the winding number between the two vacua, leading to a topological charge $Q=-1$ in the continuum. After growing temporal extent of these vortices, the lattice topological charge approaches $-1$ and the index theorem is fulfilled. We analyze the low lying modes of the overlap Dirac operator in the background of these colorful plane vortices and compare them with those of spherical vortices. They show characteristic properties for spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking.

  16. Colorful plane vortices and Chiral Symmetry Breaking in $SU(2)$ Lattice Gauge Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seyed Mohsen Hosseini Nejad; Manfried Faber; Roman Höllwieser

    2015-08-05

    We investigate plane vortices with color structure. The topological charge and gauge action of such colorful plane vortices are studied in the continuum and on the lattice. These configurations are vacuum to vacuum transitions changing the winding number between the two vacua, leading to a topological charge $Q=-1$ in the continuum. After growing temporal extent of these vortices, the lattice topological charge approaches $-1$ and the index theorem is fulfilled. We analyze the low lying modes of the overlap Dirac operator in the background of these colorful plane vortices and compare them with those of spherical vortices. They show characteristic properties for spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking.

  17. Colorful plane vortices and Chiral Symmetry Breaking in $SU(2)$ Lattice Gauge Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seyed Mohsen Hosseini Nejad; Manfried Faber; Roman Höllwieser

    2015-09-25

    We investigate plane vortices with color structure. The topological charge and gauge action of such colorful plane vortices are studied in the continuum and on the lattice. These configurations are vacuum to vacuum transitions changing the winding number between the two vacua, leading to a topological charge $Q=-1$ in the continuum. After growing temporal extent of these vortices, the lattice topological charge approaches $-1$ and the index theorem is fulfilled. We analyze the low lying modes of the overlap Dirac operator in the background of these colorful plane vortices and compare them with those of spherical vortices. They show characteristic properties for spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking.

  18. THE NATURE OF {gamma}-RAY LOUD NARROW-LINE SEYFERT I GALAXIES PKS 1502+036 AND PKS 2004-447

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paliya, Vaidehi S.; Stalin, C. S.; Shukla, Amit [Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Block II, Koramangala, Bangalore 560 034 (India); Sahayanathan, S., E-mail: vaidehi@iiap.res.in [Astrophysical Science Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Center, Mumbai 400 085 (India)

    2013-05-01

    Variable {gamma}-ray emission has been discovered in five radio-loud narrow-line Seyfert 1 (NLSy1) galaxies by the Large Area Telescope on board the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope. This has clearly demonstrated that these NLSy1 galaxies do have relativistic jets similar to two other cases of {gamma}-ray-emitting active galactic nuclei (AGNs), namely, blazars and radio galaxies. We present here our results on the multi-band analysis of two {gamma}-ray-emitting NLSy1 galaxies, namely, PKS 1502+036 (z = 0.409) and PKS 2004-447 (z = 0.240), using archival data. We generate multi-band long-term light curves of these sources, build their spectral energy distribution (SED), and model them using a one-zone leptonic model. They resemble more the SEDs of the flat spectrum radio quasar (FSRQ) class of AGNs. We then compare the SEDs of these two sources with two other Fermi-detected AGNs along the traditional blazar sequence, namely, the BL Lac Mrk 421 (z = 0.03) and the FSRQ 3C 454.3 (z = 0.86). The SEDs of both PKS 1502+036 and PKS 2004-447 are found to be intermediate to the SEDs of Mrk 421 and 3C 454.3. In the {gamma}-ray spectral index versus {gamma}-ray luminosity plane, both these NLSy1 galaxies occupy a distinct position, wherein they have luminosity between Mrk 421 and 3C 454.3; however, their steep {gamma}-ray spectra are similar to 3C 454.3. Their Compton dominance as well as their X-ray spectral slope also lie between Mrk 421 and 3C 454.3. We argue that the physical properties of both PKS 1502+036 and PKS 2004-447 are generally similar to blazars and intermediate between FSRQs and BL Lac objects and these sources thus could fit into the traditional blazar sequence.

  19. Narrowing of the coherent population trapping resonance under zone pumping in cells with different characteristics of the wall coating

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kazakov, G A; Litvinov, A N; Matisov, B G [St. Petersburg State Polytechnic University, St. Petersburg (Russian Federation)

    2012-02-28

    It is shown that when coherent population trapping (CPT) resonance is excited by a narrow laser beam, the presence of elastic collisions with the cell wall significantly affects the line shape of the CPT-resonance. We have constructed a theoretical model, which is based on averaging over the random Ramsey sequences of the atom dwell time in the beam and dark zones and takes into account the probability of elastic bounce of an atom from the wall.

  20. RAMAN AND IR STUDY OF NARROW BANDGAP A-SIGE AND C-SIGE FILMS DEPOSITED USING DIFFERENT HYDROGEN DILUTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deng, Xunming

    in the tandem and triple- junction solar cells, because its optical band gap can be tailored by changing the Ge use for the i-layer in the narrow-bandgap bottom cell of our standard triple-junction solar cells [6 of an argon laser with 488nm wavelength. Single junction n-i-p solar cells using these a-SiGe materials

  1. The microstructural mechanism of electromigration failure in narrow interconnects of Al alloys

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, Choongun

    1993-04-01

    This thesis reports a study of the mechanism of electromigration failure in Al-2Cu-1Si thin-film conducting lines on Si. Samples were patterned from 0.5 {mu}m thick vapor-deposited films with various mean grain sizes (G), and had lines widths (W) of 1.3, 2, 4 and 6 {mu}m. The lines were aged at various conditions to change the Cu-precipitate distribution and were tested to failure at T = 225{degrees}C and j = 2.5 {times} 10{sup 6} A/cm{sup 2}. Some samples were tested over a range of substrate temperatures, current densities and current reversal times. Aging produces an initially dense distribution of metastable {Theta}{prime} (Al{sub 2}Cu; coherent) in the grain interiors, with stable {Theta} (Al{sub 2}Cu; incoherent) at the grain boundaries. The intragranular {theta}{prime} is gradually absorbed into the grain boundary precipitates. In the wide lines the mean time to failure increases slowly and monotonically with pre-aging time and current reversal time. The failure mode is the formation and coalescence of voids that form on grain boundaries with an apparent activation energy of 0.65 eV. In the narrow lines, the lines failed by a transgranular-slit mechanism with an activation energy near 0.93 eV. The distribution of the polygranular segments and the kinetics of failure varies with the linewidths. Failure occurs after Cu has been swept from the grains that fail. Pre-aging the line to create a more stable distribution of Cu significantly increases the time to failure. When the density of intragranular {Theta}-phase precipitates is maximized, the transgranular-slit failure mechanism is suppressed, and the bamboo grain fails by diffuse thinning to rupture. The results from the current reversal test indicate that the time to sweep Cu in the polygranular segments is longer for longer polygranular segments. Thus the time to first failure in an array of lines is much longer than predicted by a log-normal fit to the distribution of failure times.

  2. An Experimental Study of Critical Heat Flux in Narrow Gap With Two-Dimensional Slices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yong Hoon Kim; Suh, Kune Y. [Seoul National University, San56-1 Shinrim-dong, Gwanak-gu, Seoul, 151-742 (Korea, Republic of); Rae Joon Park; San Baek Kim; Hee Dong Kim [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, 150, Dukjin-Dong, Yusong-Gu, Taejon 305-353 (Korea, Republic of)

    2002-07-01

    A cooling mechanism due to boiling in a gap between the debris crust and the reactor pressure vessel (RPV) wall was proposed for the TMI-2 reactor accident analysis. If there is enough heat transfer through the gap to cool the outer surface of the debris and the inner surface of the wall, the RPV wall may preserve its integrity during a severe core melt accident. If the heat removal through gap cooling relative to the counter-current flow limitation (CCFL) is pronounced, the safety margin of the reactor can be far greater than what had been previously known in the severe accident management arena. Should a severe accident take place, the RPV integrity will be maintained because of the inherent nature of degraded core coolability inside the lower head due to boiling in a narrow gap between the debris crust and the RPV wall. As a defense-in-depth measure, the heat removal capability by gap cooling coupled with external cooling can be examined for the Korean Standard Nuclear Power Plant (KSNPP) and the Advanced Power Reactor 1400 MWe (APR1400) in light of the TMI-2 vessel survival. A number of studies were carried out to investigate the complex heat transfer mechanisms for the debris cooling in the lower plenum. However, these heat transfer mechanisms have not been clearly understood yet. The CHFG (Critical Heat Flux in Gap) experiments at KAERI were carried out to develop the critical heat flux (CHF) correlation in a hemispherical gap, which is the upper limit of the heat transfer. According to the CHFG experiments performed with a pool boiling condition, the CHF in a parallel gap was reduced by 1/30 compared with the value measured in the open pool boiling condition. The correlation developed from the CHFG experiment is based on the fact that the CHF in a hemispherical gap is governed by the CCFL and a Kutateladze type CCFL parameter correlates CCFL data well in hemispherical gap geometry. However, the results of the CHFG experiments appear to be limited in their value because the power of the heaters was restricted by the three-dimensional (3D) geometry. The two-dimensional (2D) geometry relative to the 3D geometry enables the heaters to produce higher power. Experiments were conducted to develop the CHF correlation for gap cooling with the 2D slices. The experimental facility consisted of a heater, a pressure vessel, a heat exchanger and the pressure and temperature measurement system. Tests were carried out in the pressure range of 0.1 to 1 MPa for the gap sizes of 1 mm and 2 mm using demineralized water. (authors)

  3. Midterm Results of Uterine Artery Embolization Using Narrow-Size Calibrated Embozene Microspheres

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stampfl, Ulrike; Radeleff, Boris; Sommer, Christof [University of Heidelberg, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Germany); Stampfl, Sibylle [University of Heidelberg, Department of Neuroradiology (Germany); Dahlke, Angelika; Bellemann, Nadine; Kauczor, Hans-Ulrich [University of Heidelberg, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Germany); Richter, Goetz M., E-mail: G.Richter@klinikum-stuttgart.de [Klinikum Stuttgart, Clinics for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Germany)

    2011-04-15

    Purpose: To evaluate safety and efficacy of uterine artery embolization using narrow-size-range polyphosphazene-coated hydrogel microspheres (Embozene, CeloNova Biosciences, Newnan, GA). Methods: Between May 2006 and September 2008, a total of 121 consecutive patients (mean {+-} SD age 42.1 {+-} 5.4 years, range 30.5-51.5 years) were enrolled onto this single-center study. The primary study endpoint was safety as assessed by the society of interventional radiology (SIR) classification. The secondary endpoint was efficacy, which was based on a 1-year magnetic resonance imaging study and relief of symptoms documented by the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey questionnaire over a 2-year interval. Results: The mean {+-} SD diameter of the dominant fibroid was 6.4 {+-} 2.6 (range, 2.9-13.9) cm and the mean volume 137.2 {+-} 245.1 (range, 5.3-1184) ml. Most patients had multiple fibroids with 11% more than 10. A total of 240 of 242 interventions were completed as planned, a technical success rate of 99.2%. According to the SIR classification, one type A, eight type C, and one type D complication occurred. Total devascularization was noted in 96% (116 of 121) of dominant fibroids. Volume decrease was 4% at 2 weeks, 52% (P < 0.001) at 3 months, 78% (P < 0.001) at 6 months, and 91% at 12 months (P < 0.001). The latter difference was statistically significant (P = 0.007). A total of 92% had improved hypermenorrhea at 1 year and 94% at 2 years. Dysmenorrhea was improved in 96% at 1 year and in 95% at 2 years. The overall health status score was 60.4 {+-} 26.2 points at baseline and 96.9 {+-} 3.8 after 1 year (P = 0.0019).ConclusionUterine artery embolization with Embozene microspheres is a safe procedure. Its efficacy is demonstrated by high fibroid devascularization and volume reduction rates and significant improvements of clinical symptoms and quality-of-life scores during follow-up.

  4. Direct observation of ultrafast many-body electron dynamics in a strongly-correlated ultracold Rydberg gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nobuyuki Takei; Christian Sommer; Claudiu Genes; Guido Pupillo; Haruka Goto; Kuniaki Koyasu; Hisashi Chiba; Matthias Weidemüller; Kenji Ohmori

    2015-04-14

    Many-body interactions govern a variety of important quantum phenomena ranging from superconductivity and magnetism in condensed matter to solvent effects in chemistry. Understanding those interactions beyond mean field is a holy grail of modern sciences. AMO physics with advanced laser technologies has recently emerged as a new platform to study quantum many-body systems. One of its latest developments is the study of long-range interactions among ultracold particles to reveal the effects of many-body correlations. Rydberg atoms distinguish themselves by their large dipole moments and tunability of dipolar interactions. Most of ultracold Rydberg experiments have been performed with narrow-band lasers in the Rydberg blockade regime. Here we demonstrate an ultracold Rydberg gas in a complementary regime, where electronic coherence is created using a broadband picosecond laser pulse, thus circumventing the Rydberg blockade to induce strong many-body correlations. The effects of long-range Rydberg interactions have been investigated by time-domain Ramsey interferometry with attosecond precision. This approach allows for the real-time observation of coherent and ultrafast many-body dynamics in which the electronic coherence is modulated by the interaction-induced correlations. The modulation evolves more rapidly than expected for two-body correlations by several orders of magnitude. We have actively controlled such ultrafast many-body dynamics by tuning the principal quantum number and the population of the Rydberg state. The observed Ramsey interferograms are well reproduced by a theoretical model beyond mean-field approximation, which can be relevant to other similar many-body phenomena in condensed matter physics and chemistry. Our new approach opens a new avenue to observe and manipulate nonequilibrium dynamics of strongly-correlated quantum many-body systems on the ultrafast timescale.

  5. The enlargement of high reflectance range in ultra-narrow bandpass filter with disordered one-dimensional photonic crystal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Guibin, E-mail: gbchen@hytc.edu.cn [Department of Physics and Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Chemistry of Low Dimensional Material, Huaiyin Normal University, Jiangsu 223300 (China); State Key Laboratory of Materials Modification by Laser, Electron, and Ion Beams, School of Physics, Optoelectronic Technology and College of Advanced Science and Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China); Yu, Haichun [Department of Physics and Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Chemistry of Low Dimensional Material, Huaiyin Normal University, Jiangsu 223300 (China)

    2014-01-21

    The conventional ultra-narrow bandpass filter structure has only a very limited width of high-reflectance range. This study, by introducing disorder into one-dimensional (1D) photonic crystal, attempts to enlarge the width of high-reflectance range while keeping the ultra-narrow bandpass. Enlargement by 46.8% was obtained after theoretical design. Since this structure contains some degree of disorder already, it has a strong tolerance of the variation of layer thicknesses. Unlike studies using conventional periodic structures, theoretical statistical results in this study demonstrate that high quality remains even after allowing for ±5% variation of layer thicknesses. This indicates that only a very low thickness control precision is required in the future and the production difficulty is immensely lowered. To put the construction to test, a structure has been developed and demonstrated by a magnetron reactive sputtering coating system, which agrees with the theoretical result very well. By introducing disorder into the periodic 1D photonic crystal structure, the high-reflectance range is significantly extended by 37%, with an ultra-narrow pass band of 0.8?nm and intensity of 82%.

  6. Rolling stones: The motion of a sphere down an inclined plane coated with a thin liquid film

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bico, Jose

    A spherical bead deposited on a smooth tilted dry plane wall rolls down the slope under the uniform acceleration of gravity. We describe an analogous experiment conducted using a plane wall that is coated with a thin layer ...

  7. High gas prices. Road construction. Plane delays. Traffic jams. Fuel emission.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bustamante, Fabián E.

    1 High gas prices. Road construction. Plane delays. Traffic jams. Fuel emission. Millions of people interdisciplin- ary nature--focusing on economics, engineering and public policy--presents real-life situations

  8. Classification of power quality disturbances using time-frequency ambiguity plane and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mamishev, Alexander

    shows promise for further development of a fully automated power quality monitoring system equipment places increasingly more stringent demands on the quality of electric power suppliedClassification of power quality disturbances using time-frequency ambiguity plane and neural

  9. Optimized focal and pupil plane masks for vortex coronagraphs on telescopes with obstructed apertures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruane, Garreth J; Huby, Elsa; Mawet, Dimitri; Delacroix, Christian; Carlomagno, Brunella; Piron, Pierre; Swartzlander, Grover A

    2015-01-01

    We present methods for optimizing pupil and focal plane optical elements that improve the performance of vortex coronagraphs on telescopes with obstructed or segmented apertures. Phase-only and complex masks are designed for the entrance pupil, focal plane, and the plane of the Lyot stop. Optimal masks are obtained using both analytical and numerical methods. The latter makes use of an iterative error reduction algorithm to calculate "correcting" optics that mitigate unwanted diffraction from aperture obstructions. We analyze the achieved performance in terms of starlight suppression, contrast, off-axis image quality, and chromatic dependence. Manufacturing considerations and sensitivity to aberrations are also discussed. This work provides a path to joint optimization of multiple coronagraph planes to maximize sensitivity to exoplanets and other faint companions.

  10. Response of a grooved plate subjected to out-of-plane contact loading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bastien, Christopher J

    2008-01-01

    The response of a grooved plate subjected to out-of-plane contact loading is examined. The influence of selected geometric and loading parameters are investigated, as well as the effects of various boundary conditions. The ...

  11. Development of criteria for fatigue repairs in bridge girders damaged by out-of-plane distortion 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, Scott David

    1994-01-01

    Numerous highway bridge girders across the United States have experienced fatigue cracking due to repetitive out-of-plane distortion at unstiffened web gaps caused by poorly designed diaphragm connection details. Due to ...

  12. The Gini Coefficient as a Morphological Measurement of Strongly Lensed Galaxies in the Image Plane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florian, Michael K; Gladders, Michael D

    2015-01-01

    Characterization of the morphology of strongly lensed galaxies is challenging because images of such galaxies are typically highly distorted. Lens modeling and source plane reconstruction is one approach that can provide reasonably undistorted images on which morphological measurements can be made, although at the expense of a highly spatially variable telescope PSF when mapped back to the source plane. Unfortunately, modeling the lensing mass is a time and resource intensive process, and in many cases there are too few constraints to precisely model the lensing mass. If, however, useful morphological measurements could be made in the image plane rather than the source plane, it would bypass this issue and obviate the need for a source reconstruction process. We examine the use of the Gini coefficient as one such measurement. Because it depends on the cumulative distribution of the light of a galaxy, but not the relative spatial positions, the fact that surface brightness is conserved by lensing means that th...

  13. A parabola is the set of all points in a plane equidistant from a fixed ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MA 154 Lesson 25 Delworth. Section 11.2 Parabolas. A parabola is the set of all points in a plane equidistant from a fixed point F (the focus) and a fixed line l ...

  14. Structural anisotropic properties of a-plane GaN epilayers grown on r-plane sapphire by molecular beam epitaxy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lotsari, A.; Kehagias, Th.; Katsikini, M.; Arvanitidis, J.; Ves, S.; Komninou, Ph.; Dimitrakopulos, G. P.; Tsiakatouras, G.; Tsagaraki, K.; Georgakilas, A.; Christofilos, D.

    2014-06-07

    Heteroepitaxial non-polar III-Nitride layers may exhibit extensive anisotropy in the surface morphology and the epilayer microstructure along distinct in-plane directions. The structural anisotropy, evidenced by the “M”-shape dependence of the (112{sup ¯}0) x-ray rocking curve widths on the beam azimuth angle, was studied by combining transmission electron microscopy observations, Raman spectroscopy, high resolution x-ray diffraction, and atomic force microscopy in a-plane GaN epilayers grown on r-plane sapphire substrates by plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy (PAMBE). The structural anisotropic behavior was attributed quantitatively to the high dislocation densities, particularly the Frank-Shockley partial dislocations that delimit the I{sub 1} intrinsic basal stacking faults, and to the concomitant plastic strain relaxation. On the other hand, isotropic samples exhibited lower dislocation densities and a biaxial residual stress state. For PAMBE growth, the anisotropy was correlated to N-rich (or Ga-poor) conditions on the surface during growth, that result in formation of asymmetric a-plane GaN grains elongated along the c-axis. Such conditions enhance the anisotropy of gallium diffusion on the surface and reduce the GaN nucleation rate.

  15. On the observation of multiple volume reflection from different planes inside one bent crystal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guidi, Vincenzo; Mazzolari, Andrea; Tikhomirov, Victor

    2010-06-15

    An interpretation of the first experiment on the observation of 400 GeV proton multiple volume reflection from different skew planes of one bent crystal (MVROC) is given. The possibilities of experimental observation of MVROC at lower particle energies are demonstrated. New features of the effect of particle capture into the channeling regime by bent skew planes are revealed as well as optimal choice of main crystal axis, crystal thickness, and beam orientation with respect to the crystal is discussed.

  16. Measurement and modeling of solar irradiance components on horizontal and tilted planes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Padovan, Andrea; Col, Davide del

    2010-12-15

    In this work new measurements of global and diffuse solar irradiance on the horizontal plane and global irradiance on planes tilted at 20 and 30 oriented due South and at 45 and 65 oriented due East are used to discuss the modeling of solar radiation. Irradiance data are collected in Padova (45.4 N, 11.9 E, 12 m above sea level), Italy. Some diffuse fraction correlations have been selected to model the hourly diffuse radiation on the horizontal plane. The comparison with the present experimental data shows that their prediction accuracy strongly depends on the sky characteristics. The hourly irradiance measurements taken on the tilted planes are compared with the estimations given by one isotropic and three anisotropic transposition models. The use of an anisotropic model, based on a physical description of the diffuse radiation, provides a much better accuracy, especially when measurements of the diffuse irradiance on the horizontal plane are not available and thus transposition models have to be applied in combination with a diffuse fraction correlation. This is particularly significant for the planes oriented away from South. (author)

  17. High latitude gas in the Beta Pictoris system. A possible origin related to Falling Evaporating Bodies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beust, Hervé

    2015-01-01

    The presence of off-plane Ca II ions in the Beta Pictoris disk, and the non-detection of off-plane Na I atoms, can be explained as a consequence of the evaporation process of Falling Evaporating Bodies (FEBs). In the star-grazing regime, the FEBs are subject to inclination oscillations up to 30 - 40 degrees that causes most metallic species released by sublimation to move off plane The ions are be stopped at about 100 AU from the star. We show that collisions with a neutral medium can stop the ions. The required H I column density is reduced to 10^17 cm^-2, one order of magnitude below present detection limits. We also investigate the possibility that the ions are slowed down magnetically. While the sole action of a magnetic field of the order of 1 microGauss is not effective, the combined effect of magnetic and collisional deceleration processes lead to an additional lowering of the required H I column density.

  18. Method of producing .beta.-spodumene bodies

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Chyung, Kenneth (Painted Post, NY); Day, J. Paul (Big Flats, NY); Holleran, Louis M. (Big Flats, NY); Olszewski, Anthony R. (Bath, NY)

    1999-01-01

    Beta-spodumene bodies and method of preparing the bodies that involves providing a uniform plastic batch of inorganic raw materials, organic binder, and vehicle, wherein the inorganic raw materials are composed of, in percent by weight, about 75% to 95% minerals, and about 5% to 25% glass. The batch is formed into a green body that is fired to produce a body composed substantially of beta-spodumene, and having a thermal expansion coefficient of <10.times.10.sup.-7 /.degree.C.(0-800.degree. C.), and a strength of .gtoreq.4 Ksi.

  19. Vision only Presented angle (Visual / Body)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    not consistent with the MLE model's predictions (Ernst & Banks 2002) A) Multisensory fusion: Optimal fashion? Raw) rotating star field · Body stimuli: motion base rot

  20. THE CANADA-FRANCE ECLIPTIC PLANE SURVEY-FULL DATA RELEASE: THE ORBITAL STRUCTURE OF THE KUIPER BELT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Petit, J.-M.; Rousselot, P.; Mousis, O. [Institut UTINAM, CNRS-UMR 6213, Observatoire de Besancon, BP 1615, 25010 Besancon Cedex (France); Kavelaars, J. J. [Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics, National Research Council of Canada, Victoria, BC V9E 2E7 (Canada); Gladman, B. J.; Jones, R. L.; Van Laerhoven, C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC (Canada); Parker, J. Wm.; Bieryla, A. [Planetary Science Directorate, Southwest Research Institute, Boulder, CO 80302 (United States); Nicholson, P. [Department of Astronomy, Cornell University, Space Sciences Building, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States); Mars, G. [Observatoire de la Cote d'Azur, BP 4229, F-06304 Nice Cedex 4 (France); Marsden, B.; Ashby, M. L. N. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Taylor, M.; Bernabeu, G. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC V8W 2Y2 (Canada); Benavidez, P.; Campo Bagatin, A. [Departamento de Fisica, Ingenieria de Sistemas y Teoria de la Senal, E.P.S.A., Universidad de Alicante, Apartado de Correos 99, Alicante 03080 (Spain)

    2011-10-15

    We report the orbital distribution of the trans-Neptunian objects (TNOs) discovered during the Canada-France Ecliptic Plane Survey (CFEPS), whose discovery phase ran from early 2003 until early 2007. The follow-up observations started just after the first discoveries and extended until late 2009. We obtained characterized observations of 321 deg{sup 2} of sky to depths in the range g {approx} 23.5-24.4 AB mag. We provide a database of 169 TNOs with high-precision dynamical classification and known discovery efficiency. Using this database, we find that the classical belt is a complex region with sub-structures that go beyond the usual splitting of inner (interior to 3:2 mean-motion resonance [MMR]), main (between 3:2 and 2:1 MMR), and outer (exterior to 2:1 MMR). The main classical belt (a = 40-47 AU) needs to be modeled with at least three components: the 'hot' component with a wide inclination distribution and two 'cold' components (stirred and kernel) with much narrower inclination distributions. The hot component must have a significantly shallower absolute magnitude (H{sub g} ) distribution than the other two components. With 95% confidence, there are 8000{sup +1800}{sub -1600} objects in the main belt with H{sub g} {<=} 8.0, of which 50% are from the hot component, 40% from the stirred component, and 10% from the kernel; the hot component's fraction drops rapidly with increasing H{sub g} . Because of this, the apparent population fractions depend on the depth and ecliptic latitude of a trans-Neptunian survey. The stirred and kernel components are limited to only a portion of the main belt, while we find that the hot component is consistent with a smooth extension throughout the inner, main, and outer regions of the classical belt; in fact, the inner and outer belts are consistent with containing only hot-component objects. The H{sub g} {<=} 8.0 TNO population estimates are 400 for the inner belt and 10,000 for the outer belt to within a factor of two (95% confidence). We show how the CFEPS Survey Simulator can be used to compare a cosmogonic model for the orbital element distribution to the real Kuiper Belt.

  1. ATHENA, the Desktop Human "Body"

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Iyer, Rashi; Harris, Jennifer

    2015-01-05

    Creating surrogate human organs, coupled with insights from highly sensitive mass spectrometry technologies, a new project is on the brink of revolutionizing the way we screen new drugs and toxic agents. ATHENA, the Advanced Tissue-engineered Human Ectypal Network Analyzer project team, is developing four human organ constructs - liver, heart, lung and kidney - that are based on a significantly miniaturized platform. Each organ component will be about the size of a smartphone screen, and the whole ATHENA "body" of interconnected organs would fit neatly on a desk. "By developing this 'homo minutus,' we are stepping beyond the need for animal or Petri dish testing: There are huge benefits in developing drug and toxicity analysis systems that can mimic the response of actual human organs," said Rashi Iyer, a senior scientist at Los Alamos National Laboratory, the lead laboratory on the five-year, $19 million multi-institutional effort. The project is supported by the Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA). Some 40 percent of pharmaceuticals fail their clinical trials, Iyer noted, and there are thousands of chemicals whose effects on humans are simply unknown. Providing a realistic, cost-effective and rapid screening system such as ATHENA with high-throughput capabilities could provide major benefits to the medical field, screening more accurately and offering a greater chance of clinical trial success.

  2. ATHENA, the Desktop Human "Body"

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Iyer, Rashi; Harris, Jennifer

    2014-09-29

    Creating surrogate human organs, coupled with insights from highly sensitive mass spectrometry technologies, a new project is on the brink of revolutionizing the way we screen new drugs and toxic agents. ATHENA, the Advanced Tissue-engineered Human Ectypal Network Analyzer project team, is developing four human organ constructs - liver, heart, lung and kidney - that are based on a significantly miniaturized platform. Each organ component will be about the size of a smartphone screen, and the whole ATHENA "body" of interconnected organs would fit neatly on a desk. "By developing this 'homo minutus,' we are stepping beyond the need for animal or Petri dish testing: There are huge benefits in developing drug and toxicity analysis systems that can mimic the response of actual human organs," said Rashi Iyer, a senior scientist at Los Alamos National Laboratory, the lead laboratory on the five-year, $19 million multi-institutional effort. The project is supported by the Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA). Some 40 percent of pharmaceuticals fail their clinical trials, Iyer noted, and there are thousands of chemicals whose effects on humans are simply unknown. Providing a realistic, cost-effective and rapid screening system such as ATHENA with high-throughput capabilities could provide major benefits to the medical field, screening more accurately and offering a greater chance of clinical trial success.

  3. Resonant loop mirror with narrow-band reflections and its application in single-frequency fiber lasers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paschotta, R.; Brinck, D.J.; Farwell, S.G.; Hanna, D.C.

    1997-01-01

    We present a new form of loop mirror (to be realized with all-fiber or integrated optics technology) that can produce narrow-band reflections and could find an application in single-frequency fiber lasers, allowing for a standing-wave design with a long doped section and eliminating the need for a Faraday isolator or a fiber grating. We discuss the main features of such a loop mirror and present experimental results that agree well with the theory. {copyright} 1997 Optical Society of America

  4. Observation of coherently enhanced tunable narrow-band terahertz transition radiation from a relativistic sub-picosecond electron bunch train

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Piot, P.; Sun, Y. -E; Maxwell, T. J.; Ruan, J.; Lumpkin, A. H.; Rihaoui, M. M.; Thurman-Keup, R.

    2011-06-27

    We experimentally demonstrate the production of narrow-band (?f/f ~ =20% at f ~ = 0.5 THz) THz transition radiation with tunable frequency over [0.37, 0.86] THz. The radiation is produced as a train of sub-picosecond relativistic electron bunches transits at the vacuum-aluminum interface of an aluminum converter screen. We also show a possible application of modulated beams to extend the dynamical range of a popular bunch length diagnostic technique based on the spectral analysis of coherent radiation.

  5. Observation of a narrow structure in 1H(?,KS0)X via interference with phi-meson production

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Amaryan, M J; Nepali, C; Polyakov, M V; Azimov, Ya; Briscoe, W J; Dodge, G E; Hyde, C E; Klein, F; Kuznetsov, V; Strakovsky, I

    2012-03-21

    We report observation of a narrow peak structure at ?1.54 GeV with a Gaussian width ? = 6 MeV in the missing mass of KS in the reaction ? + p ? pKSKL. The observed structure may be due to the interference between a strange (or antistrange) baryon resonance in the pKL system and the ?(KSKL) photoproduction leading to the same final state. The statistical significance of the observed excess of events estimated as the log-likelihood ratio of the resonant signal + background hypothesis and the ?-production-based background-only hypothesis corresponds to 5.3?.

  6. X-ray reprocessing in Narrow-Line Seyfert 1 Galaxies: Ton S180 and Ark 564

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Janiuk; P. T. Zycki; B. Czerny

    2000-05-08

    We present the results of spectral analysis of the ASCA data for the Narrow-Line Seyfert 1 galaxy (NLS1) Ton S180 and simultaneous ASCA and RXTE data modelling for the NLS1 Ark 564. We model both the primary and reflected continuum as well as the iron K alpha line, the energy of which depends on the ionization state of the reprocessor. We show that the reprocessing matter is mildly ionized, and we find the soft to hard luminosity ratio to be about 2.5. The accretion rate approximately corresponds to the Eddington limit value.

  7. Hydrogen influence on generalized stacking fault of zirconium basal plane: First-principles calculation study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Songjun, Hou; Zhi, Zeng

    2015-01-01

    The infuence of hydrogen on the generalized stacking fault (GSF) energy of the basal plane along the and directions in the hcp Zr were investigated by using the first-principles calculation method. The modification of the GSF energy were studied with respect to the different distances of H atoms away from the slip plane and hydrogen content there. The calculation results have shown that the GSF energy along the direction drastically reduces when H atoms locate nearby the slip plane. But H atoms slightly decrease the GSF barrier for the slipping case. Meanwhile, with the increase of hydrogen density around the slip plane, the GSF energies along both the shift directions further reduced. The physical origin of the reduction of GSF energy due to the existence of hydrogen atoms in Zr was analyzed based on the Bader charge method. It is interpreted by the Coulomb repulsion of the Zr atoms besides of the slip plane due to the charge transfer from Zr to H atoms.

  8. Large-sized out-of-plane stretchable electrodes based on poly-dimethylsiloxane substrate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chou, Namsun; Lee, Jongho; Kim, Sohee

    2014-12-15

    This paper describes a reliable fabrication method of stretchable electrodes based on poly-dimethylsiloxane (PDMS) substrate. The electrode traces and pads were formed in out-of-plane structures to improve the flexibility and stretchability of the electrode array. The suspended traces and pads were attached to the PDMS substrate via parylene posts that were located nearby the traces and under the pads. As only conventional micro-electro-mechanical systems techniques were used, the out-of-plane electrode arrays were clearly fabricated at wafer level with high yield and reliability. Also, bi-layer out-of-plane electrodes were formed through additional fabrication steps in addition to mono-layer out-of-plane electrodes. The mechanical characteristics such as the stretchability, flexibility, and foldability of the fabricated electrodes were evaluated, resulting in stable electrical connection of the metal traces with up to 32.4% strain and up to 360° twist angle over 25?mm. The durability in stretched condition was validated by cyclic stretch test with 10% and 20% strain, resulting in electrical disconnection at 8600 cycles when subjected to 20% strain. From these results, it is concluded that the proposed fabrication method produced highly reliable, out-of-plane and stretchable electrodes, which would be used in various flexible and stretchable electronics applications.

  9. Remarks on Analytic Solutions in Nonlinear Elasticity and Anti-Plane Shear Problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Y. Gao

    2015-08-27

    This paper revisits a well-studied anti-plane shear deformation problem formulated by Knowles in 1976 and analytical solutions in general nonlinear elasticity proposed by Gao since 1998. Based on minimum potential principle, a well-determined fully nonlinear system is obtained for isochoric deformation, which admits non-trivial states of finite anti-plane shear without ellipticity constraint. By using canonical duality theory, a complete set of analytical solutions are obtained for 3-D finite deformation problems governed by generalized neo-Hookean model. Both global and local extremal solutions to the nonconvex variational problem are identified by a triality theory. Connection between challenges in nonconvex analysis and NP-hard problems in computational science is revealed. It is proved that the ellipticity condition for general fully nonlinear boundary value problems depends not only on differential operators, but also sensitively on the external force field. The homogenous hyper-elasticity for general anti-plane shear deformation must be governed by the generalized neo-Hookean model. Knowles' over-determined system is simply due to a pseudo-Lagrange multiplier and two extra equilibrium conditions in the plane. The constitutive condition in his theorems is naturally satisfied with $b = \\lambda/2$. His ellipticity condition is neither necessary nor sufficient for general homogeneous materials to admit nontrivial states of anti-plane shear.

  10. Physical Diagnostics from a Narrow Fe-Kalpha Emission Line Detected by Chandra in the Seyfert 1 Galaxy NGC 5548

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yaqoob, T; Nandra, K; Turner, T J; Serlemitsos, P J

    2000-01-01

    We report the detection of a narrow Fe-K emission line in the Seyfert 1 galaxy NGC 5548 with the Chandra High-Energy Transmission Gratings. In the galaxy frame we measure a center energy of 6.40 \\pm 0.03 keV, a FWHM of 4515 (+3525,-2645) km/s, and an equivalent width of 133 (+62,-54) eV. The line energy is consistent with an origin in cold, neutral matter, but ionization states up to ~Fe XVIII are not ruled out. Assuming Keplerian motion, the velocity width is consistent with the line being produced in the outer optical/UV broad-line region (BLR) at about a light-month from the central X-ray source. We cannot rule out some contribution to the Fe-K line from a putative, parsec-scale obscuring torus. The continuum intensity during the Chandra observation was a factor ~2 less than typical historical levels. If the X-ray continuum was > than a factor 2 higher in the recent past before the Chandra observation and the narrow Fe-K line intensity had not yet responded, then the predicted line equivalent width and int...

  11. Narrow-band search of continuous gravitational-wave signals from Crab and Vela pulsars in Virgo VSR4 data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The LIGO Scientific Collaboration; the Virgo Collaboration; J. Aasi; B. P. Abbott; R. Abbott; T. Abbott; M. R. Abernathy; F. Acernese; K. Ackley; C. Adams; T. Adams; T. Adams; P. Addesso; R. X. Adhikari; V. Adya; C. Affeldt; M. Agathos; K. Agatsuma; N. Aggarwal; O. D. Aguiar; A. Ain; P. Ajith; A. Alemic; B. Allen; A. Allocca; D. Amariutei; S. B. Anderson; W. G. Anderson; K. Arai; M. C. Araya; C. Arceneaux; J. S. Areeda; G. Ashton; S. Ast; S. M. Aston; P. Astone; P. Aufmuth; C. Aulbert; B. E. Aylott; S. Babak; P. T. Baker; F. Baldaccini; G. Ballardin; S. W. Ballmer; J. C. Barayoga; M. Barbet; S. Barclay; B. C. Barish; D. Barker; F. Barone; B. Barr; L. Barsotti; M. Barsuglia; J. Bartlett; M. A. Barton; I. Bartos; R. Bassiri; A. Basti; J. C. Batch; Th. S. Bauer; C. Baune; V. Bavigadda; B. Behnke; M. Bejger; C. Belczynski; A. S. Bell; C. Bell; M. Benacquista; J. Bergman; G. Bergmann; C. P. L. Berry; D. Bersanetti; A. Bertolini; J. Betzwieser; S. Bhagwat; R. Bhandare; I. A. Bilenko; G. Billingsley; J. Birch; S. Biscans; M. Bitossi; C. Biwer; M. A. Bizouard; J. K. Blackburn; L. Blackburn; C. D. Blair; D. Blair; S. Bloemen; O. Bock; T. P. Bodiya; M. Boer; G. Bogaert; P. Bojtos; C. Bond; F. Bondu; L. Bonelli; R. Bonnand; R. Bork; M. Born; V. Boschi; Sukanta Bose; C. Bradaschia; P. R. Brady; V. B. Braginsky; M. Branchesi; J. E. Brau; T. Briant; D. O. Bridges; A. Brillet; M. Brinkmann; V. Brisson; A. F. Brooks; D. A. Brown; D. D. Brown; N. M. Brown; S. Buchman; A. Buikema; T. Bulik; H. J. Bulten; A. Buonanno; D. Buskulic; C. Buy; L. Cadonati; G. Cagnoli; J. Calderón Bustillo; E. Calloni; J. B. Camp; K. C. Cannon; J. Cao; C. D. Capano; F. Carbognani; S. Caride; S. Caudill; M. Cavaglià; F. Cavalier; R. Cavalieri; G. Cella; C. Cepeda; E. Cesarini; R. Chakraborty; T. Chalermsongsak; S. J. Chamberlin; S. Chao; P. Charlton; E. Chassande-Mottin; Y. Chen; A. Chincarini; A. Chiummo; H. S. Cho; M. Cho; J. H. Chow; N. Christensen; Q. Chu; S. Chua; S. Chung; G. Ciani; F. Clara; J. A. Clark; F. Cleva; E. Coccia; P. -F. Cohadon; A. Colla; C. Collette; M. Colombini; L. Cominsky; M. Constancio, Jr.; A. Conte; D. Cook; T. R. Corbitt; N. Cornish; A. Corsi; C. A. Costa; M. W. Coughlin; J. -P. Coulon; S. Countryman; P. Couvares; D. M. Coward; M. J. Cowart; D. C. Coyne; R. Coyne; K. Craig; J. D. E. Creighton; T. D. Creighton; J. Cripe; S. G. Crowder; A. Cumming; L. Cunningham; E. Cuoco; C. Cutler; K. Dahl; T. Dal Canton; M. Damjanic; S. L. Danilishin; S. D'Antonio; K. Danzmann; L. Dartez; V. Dattilo; I. Dave; H. Daveloza; M. Davier; G. S. Davies; E. J. Daw; R. Day; D. DeBra; G. Debreczeni; J. Degallaix; M. De Laurentis; S. Deléglise; W. Del Pozzo; T. Denker; T. Dent; H. Dereli; V. Dergachev; R. De Rosa; R. T. DeRosa; R. DeSalvo; S. Dhurandhar; M. Díaz; L. Di Fiore; A. Di Lieto; I. Di Palma; A. Di Virgilio; G. Dojcinoski; V. Dolique; E. Dominguez; F. Donovan; K. L. Dooley; S. Doravari; R. Douglas; T. P. Downes; M. Drago; J. C. Driggers; Z. Du; M. Ducrot; S. Dwyer; T. Eberle; T. Edo; M. Edwards; M. Edwards; A. Effler; H. -B. Eggenstein; P. Ehrens; J. Eichholz; S. S. Eikenberry; R. Essick; T. Etzel; M. Evans; T. Evans; M. Factourovich; V. Fafone; S. Fairhurst; X. Fan; Q. Fang; S. Farinon; B. Farr; W. M. Farr; M. Favata; M. Fays; H. Fehrmann; M. M. Fejer; D. Feldbaum; I. Ferrante; E. C. Ferreira; F. Ferrini; F. Fidecaro; I. Fiori; R. P. Fisher; R. Flaminio; J. -D. Fournier; S. Franco; S. Frasca; F. Frasconi; Z. Frei; A. Freise; R. Frey; T. T. Fricke; P. Fritschel; V. V. Frolov; S. Fuentes-Tapia; P. Fulda; M. Fyffe; J. R. Gair; L. Gammaitoni; S. Gaonkar; F. Garufi; A. Gatto; N. Gehrels; G. Gemme; B. Gendre; E. Genin; A. Gennai; L. Á. Gergely; S. Ghosh; J. A. Giaime; K. D. Giardina; A. Giazotto; J. Gleason; E. Goetz; R. Goetz; L. Gondan; G. González; N. Gordon; M. L. Gorodetsky; S. Gossan; S. Goßler; R. Gouaty; C. Gräf; P. B. Graff; M. Granata; A. Grant; S. Gras; C. Gray; G. Greco; R. J. S. Greenhalgh; A. M. Gretarsson; P. Groot; H. Grote; S. Grunewald; G. M. Guidi; C. J. Guido; X. Guo; K. Gushwa; E. K. Gustafson; R. Gustafson; J. Hacker; E. D. Hall; G. Hammond; M. Hanke; J. Hanks; C. Hanna; M. D. Hannam; J. Hanson; T. Hardwick; J. Harms; G. M. Harry; I. W. Harry; M. Hart; M. T. Hartman; C. -J. Haster; K. Haughian; S. Hee; A. Heidmann; M. Heintze; G. Heinzel; H. Heitmann; P. Hello; G. Hemming; M. Hendry; I. S. Heng; A. W. Heptonstall; M. Heurs; M. Hewitson; S. Hild; D. Hoak; K. A. Hodge; D. Hofman; S. E. Hollitt; K. Holt; P. Hopkins; D. J. Hosken; J. Hough; E. Houston; E. J. Howell; Y. M. Hu; E. Huerta; B. Hughey; S. Husa; S. H. Huttner; M. Huynh; T. Huynh-Dinh; A. Idrisy; N. Indik; D. R. Ingram; R. Inta; G. Islas; J. C. Isler; T. Isogai; B. R. Iyer; K. Izumi; M. Jacobson; H. Jang; P. Jaranowski; S. Jawahar; Y. Ji; F. Jiménez-Forteza; W. W. Johnson; D. I. Jones; R. Jones; R. J. G. Jonker; L. Ju; Haris K

    2014-10-30

    In this paper we present the results of a coherent narrow-band search for continuous gravitational-wave signals from the Crab and Vela pulsars conducted on Virgo VSR4 data. In order to take into account a possible small mismatch between the gravitational wave frequency and two times the star rotation frequency, inferred from measurement of the electromagnetic pulse rate, a range of 0.02 Hz around two times the star rotational frequency has been searched for both the pulsars. No evidence for a signal has been found and 95$\\%$ confidence level upper limits have been computed both assuming polarization parameters are completely unknown and that they are known with some uncertainty, as derived from X-ray observations of the pulsar wind torii. For Vela the upper limits are comparable to the spin-down limit, computed assuming that all the observed spin-down is due to the emission of gravitational waves. For Crab the upper limits are about a factor of two below the spin-down limit, and represent a significant improvement with respect to past analysis. This is the first time the spin-down limit is significantly overcome in a narrow-band search.

  12. Tracing Quasar Narrow-Line Regions Across Redshift: A Library of High S/N Optical Spectra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tammour, A; Richards, G T

    2015-01-01

    In a single optical spectrum, the quasar narrow-line region (NLR) reveals low density, photoionized gas in the host galaxy interstellar medium, while the immediate vicinity of the central engine generates the accretion disk continuum and broad emission lines. To isolate these two components, we construct a library of high S/N optical composite spectra created from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS-DR7). We divide the sample into bins of continuum luminosity and Hbeta FWHM that are used to construct median composites at different redshift steps up to 0.75. We measure the luminosities of the narrow-emission lines [NeV]3427, [NeIII]3870, [OIII]5007, and [OII]3728 with ionization potentials (IPs) of 97, 40, 35, and 13.6 eV respectively. The high IP lines' luminosities show no evidence of increase with redshift consistent with no evolution in the AGN SED or the host galaxy ISM illuminated by the continuum. In contrast, we find that the [OII] line becomes stronger at higher redshifts, and we interpret this as a co...

  13. A new approach to euclidean plane geometry based on projective geometric algebra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Charles Gunn

    2015-08-30

    The article presents a new approach to euclidean plane geometry based on projective geometric algebra (PGA), designed for anyone with an interest in plane geometry, or who wishes to familiarize themselves with PGA. We explore in detail the geometric product involving pairs and triples of basic elements (lines and points), and show it encodes a wealth of fundamental metric and non-metric properties, whereby the seamless integration of euclidean and ideal aspects is particularly noteworthy. We apply the algebra to a variety of familiar topics in plane euclidean geometry, and show it compares favorably with other approaches in regard to completeness, compactness, practicality, and elegance. Numerous figures accompany the text. For readers with the requisite mathematical background, a self-contained coordinate-free introduction to the algebra is provided in an appendix.

  14. Finite-amplitude inhomogeneous plane waves in a deformed Mooney-Rivlin material

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michel Destrade

    2013-06-02

    The propagation of finite-amplitude linearly-polarized inhomogeneous transverse plane waves is considered for a Mooney-Rivlin material maintained in a state of finite static homogeneous deformation. It is shown that such waves are possible provided that the directions of the normal to the planes of constant phase and of the normal to the planes of constant amplitude are orthogonal and conjugate with respect to the B-ellipsoid, where B is the left Cauchy-Green strain tensor corresponding to the initial deformation. For these waves, it is found that even though the system is non-linear, results on energy flux are nevertheless identical with corresponding results in the classical linearized elasticity theory. Byproducts of the results are new exact static solutions for the Mooney-Rivlin material.

  15. A new approach to euclidean plane geometry based on projective geometric algebra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Charles Gunn

    2015-03-27

    The article presents a new approach to euclidean plane geometry based on projective geometric algebra (PGA). After introducing the algebra, it presents the first detailed study of the geometric product of basic elements: pairs of lines, pairs of points, a point-line pair, 3 lines, and 3 points, with particular attention to the seamless integration of euclidean and ideal aspects. This yields a compact, powerful geometric toolkit which the article then applies to a variety of topics in plane euclidean geometry: distance formulae, sums and differences of points and of lines, isometries via sandwiches, the join operator, orthogonal projection, and a step-by-step solution of a sample geometric construction. In conclusion, the article compares the PGA approach to the analytic geometric approach and also alternative geometric algebra approaches to plane geometry. Numerous figures accompany the text. For readers with the requisite mathematical background, a self-contained coordinate-free introduction to the algebra is provided in an appendix.

  16. On the local form of static plane symmetric space-times in the presence of matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leandro G. Gomes

    2015-02-10

    For any configuration of a static plane-symmetric distribution of matter along space-time, there are coordinates where the metric can be put explicitly as a functional of the energy density and pressures. It satisfies Einstein equations as far as we require the conservation of the energy-momentum tensor, which is the single ODE for self-gravitating hydrostatic equilibrium. As a direct application, a general solution is given when the pressures are linearly related to the energy density, recovering, as special cases, most of known solutions of static plane-symmetric Einstein equations.

  17. Free Energy and Phase Transition of the Matrix Model on a Plane-Wave

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shirin Hadizadeh; Bojan Ramadanovic; Gordon W. Semenoff; Donovan Young

    2004-10-05

    It has recently been observed that the weakly coupled plane wave matrix model has a density of states which grows exponentially at high energy. This implies that the model has a phase transition. The transition appears to be of first order. However, its exact nature is sensitive to interactions. In this paper, we analyze the effect of interactions by computing the relevant parts of the effective potential for the Polyakov loop operator in the finite temperature plane-wave matrix model to three loop order. We show that the phase transition is indeed of first order. We also compute the correction to the Hagedorn temperature to order two loops.

  18. Itinerant in-plane magnetic fluctuations and many-body correlations in NaxCoO2 M. M. Korshunov,1,2,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eremin, Ilya

    of Sciences-Ural Division, 620041 Yekaterinburg GSP-170, Russia Received 12 December 2006; revised manuscript of Physics, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, 660036 Krasnoyarsk, Russia 2Max

  19. Electromagnetic wave scattering by small bodies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. G. Ramm

    2008-04-21

    A reduction of the Maxwell's system to a Fredholm second-kind integral equation with weakly singular kernel is given for electromagnetic (EM) wave scattering by one and many small bodies. This equation is solved asymptotically as the characteristic size of the bodies tends to zero. The technique developed is used for solving the many-body EM wave scattering problem by rigorously reducing it to solving linear algebraic systems, completely bypassing the usage of integral equations. An equation is derived for the effective field in the medium, in which many small particles are embedded. A method for creating a desired refraction coefficient is outlined.

  20. Specific heat of twisted bilayer graphene: Engineering phonons by atomic plane rotations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Specific heat of twisted bilayer graphene: Engineering phonons by atomic plane rotations Denis L 2014) We have studied the phonon specific heat in single-layer, bilayer, and twisted bilayer graphene that at temperature T specific heat varies with temperature as Tn , where n ¼ 1 for graphene, n ¼ 1

  1. Effects of harmonic phase on nonlinear surface acoustic waves in the (111) plane of cubic crystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Effects of harmonic phase on nonlinear surface acoustic waves in the (111) plane of cubic crystals of surface acoustic waves SAWs in the 001 surface cut of nonpiezo- electric, cubic crystals. The present 2002 Spectral evolution equations are used to perform numerical studies of nonlinear surface acoustic

  2. Mixing-Plane Method for Flutter Computation in Multi-stage Turbomachines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Feng

    performing pushes the designs to the extreme. As blade rows are designed to be lighter they also become less more stress. One negative consequence of these design trends is that blade rows may become more of an inlet guide vane (IGV) and a compres- sor blade (NASA Rotor 67). The mixing-plane boundary condition

  3. Energy-Delay Trade-off of Wireless Data Collection in the Plane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boucherie, Richard J.

    Energy-Delay Trade-off of Wireless Data Collection in the Plane Mihaela Mitici , Jasper Goseling and the energy needed by the devices to transmit their observations. Fundamental bounds on the energy-delay trade and ii) the transmission energy used by the wireless devices to transmit their observations, which

  4. Hydrodynamics of high speed planing hulls with partially ventilated bottom and hydrofoils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheingart, Zvi

    2014-01-01

    The influence of a cambered shaped bottom step on the performance of sea going V-stepped planing hulls is investigated using numerical methods. The shape of the step was designed to decrease the Drag/Lift ratio of the hull ...

  5. Hopf bifurcations to quasi-periodic solutions for the two-dimensional plane Poiseuille flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barcelona, Universitat de

    the branch of periodic flows which are born at the Hopf bifurcation of the laminar flow. It is known that topics in fluid mechanics. Poiseuille as well as Taylor­ Couette flow are test problems where of their geometry. The dynamics of plane Poiseuille flow departs from the laminar flow. The stability of the laminar

  6. Raman spectra of out-of-plane phonons in bilayer graphene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sato, Kentaro

    The double resonance Raman spectra of the overtone of the out-of-plane tangential optical (oTO) phonon and of combinations of the LO, ZO, and ZA phonons with one another are calculated for bilayer graphene. In the case of ...

  7. The distribution of intervariant crystallographic planes in a lath martensite using five macroscopic parameters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rohrer, Gregory S.

    backscattering diffraction, Boundary network 1. Introduction Martensitic steels are widely used in structuralThe distribution of intervariant crystallographic planes in a lath martensite using five and the distribution of intervariant boundary character in a lath martensitic microstructure. The misorientations were

  8. The stability of Killing-Cauchy horizons in colliding plane wave space-times

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. B. Griffiths

    2005-01-05

    It is confirmed rigorously that the Killing-Cauchy horizons, which sometimes occur in space-times representing the collision and subsequent interaction of plane gravitational waves in a Minkowski background, are unstable with respect to bounded perturbations of the initial waves, at least for the case in which the initial waves have constant aligned polarizations.

  9. Search for star clusters close to the Galactic plane with DENIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Reyle; A. C. Robin

    2002-01-04

    An automated search for star clusters close to the Galactic plane (|b| web site as embedded clusters in HII regions. Extinction in the field and in front of the clusters are estimated using a model of population synthesis. We present the method and give the properties of these clusters.

  10. Effects of Mid-Sagittal Plane Perturbation and Image Interpolation on Corpus Callosum Area Calculation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamarneh, Ghassan

    communication. In multiple sclerosis (MS), the CC can have discrete lesions (MS plaques) or generalized tissue callo- sum, multiple sclerosis, mid sagittal plane, area calculation. I. INTRODUCTION The CC and the MS in the nerve impulses. B. Multiple Sclerosis Multiple Sclerosis is an auto-immune disease of the brain

  11. Quasi-static Thermoelastic Analysis for a Semi-infinite Plane Subjected to a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemner, Ken

    stress tensor component seff. Effective stress c Specific heat l Distance from the source q BendingLS-199 Quasi-static Thermoelastic Analysis for a Semi-infinite Plane Subjected to a Gaussian Heat A two-dimensional, semi-infinite analytical solution of the transient temperature and the thermal stress

  12. IN-PLANE BANDPASS REGULATION CHECK VALVE IN HEAT-SHRINK PACKAGING FOR DRUG DELIVERY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meng, Ellis

    IN-PLANE BANDPASS REGULATION CHECK VALVE IN HEAT-SHRINK PACKAGING FOR DRUG DELIVERY R. Lo and E. Meng University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, USA ABSTRACT The first check valve valve design and these results were confirmed experimentally. The valve regulates flow between 150

  13. The Higgs oscillator on the hyperbolic plane and Light-Front Holography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Pallares-Rivera; M. Kirchbach

    2014-11-19

    The Light Front Holographic (LFH) wave equation, which is the conformal scalar equation on the plane, is revisited from the perspective of the supersymmetric quantum mechanics, and attention is drawn to the fact that it naturally emerges in the small hyperbolic angle approximation to the "curved" Higgs oscillator on the hyperbolic plane, i.e. on the upper part of the two-dimensional hyperboloid of two sheets, a space of constant negative curvature. Such occurs because the particle dynamics under consideration reduces to the one dimensional Schr\\"odinger equation with the second hyperbolic P\\"oschl-Teller potential, whose flat-space (small-angle) limit reduces to the conformally invariant inverse square distance plus harmonic oscillator interaction, on which LFH is based. In consequence, energies and wave functions of the LFH spectrum can be approached by the solutions of the Higgs oscillator on the hyperbolic plane in employing its curvature and the potential strength as fitting parameters. Also the proton electric charge form factor is well reproduced within this scheme by means of a Fourier-Helgason hyperbolic wave transform of the charge density. In conclusion, in the small angle approximation, the Higgs oscillator on the hyperbolic plane is demonstrated to satisfactory parallel essential outcomes of the Light Front Holographic QCD. The findings are suggestive of associating the hyperboloid curvature of the with a second scale in LFH, which then could be employed in the definition of a chemical potential.

  14. Radiation from an oscillating dipole layer facing a conducting plane: resonances and Dynamical Casimir Effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    César D. Fosco; Fernando C. Lombardo

    2015-06-25

    We study the properties of the classical electromagnetic (EM) radiation produced by two physically different yet closely related systems, which may be regarded as classical analogues of the Dynamical Casimir Effect (DCE). They correspond to two flat, infinite, parallel planes, one of them static and imposing perfect conductor boundary conditions, while the other performs a rigid oscillatory motion. The systems differ just in the electrical properties of the oscillating plane: one of them is just a planar dipole layer (representing, for instance, a small-width electret). The other, instead, has a dipole layer on the side which faces the static plane, but behaves as a conductor on the other side: this can be used as a representation of a conductor endowed with patch potentials (on the side which faces the conducting plane). We evaluate, in both cases, the dissipative flux of energy between the system and its environment, showing that, at least for small mechanical oscillation amplitudes, it can be written in terms of the dipole layer autocorrelation function. We show that there are resonances as a function of the frequency of the mechanical oscillation.

  15. Use of dual plane PIV to assess scale-by-scale energy budgets in wall turbulence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marusic, Ivan

    Use of dual plane PIV to assess scale-by-scale energy budgets in wall turbulence N Saikrishnan1-layer, the buffer region, the logarithmic region and the outer region. In the space of scales, turbulent energy is produced at the large scales and transferred to smaller scales, finally dissipating in the form of heat

  16. Wide Viewing Angle Multi-domain In-Plane Switching LCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    ­15 [10,11]. In this paper, we investigate the bending angle effect on a MD IPS using the chevron The bending angle effect on a multi-domain in-plane switching liquid crystal display (MD IPS LCD) using the bending angle of the electrodes increases from 10 to 40 , the threshold voltage is lowered from 1.25 Vrms

  17. Facet bending in the driven crystalline curvature flow in the plane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ikegami, Takashi

    Facet bending in the driven crystalline curvature flow in the plane Yoshikazu Giga1 , Piotr Rybka2, then they begin to bend. Key words: singular energies, bending of facets, driven curvature flow, variational prin- clidean curvature. In this paper we are interested in the case when is not C1, for example

  18. PREVENTING NETWORK INSTABILITY CAUSED BY PROPAGATION OF CONTROL PLANE POISON MESSAGES*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shayman, Mark A.

    PREVENTING NETWORK INSTABILITY CAUSED BY PROPAGATION OF CONTROL PLANE POISON MESSAGES* Xiaojiang Du to as "poison message failure propagation": Some or all of the network elements have a software or protocol `bug' which is activated on receipt of a certain network control/management message (the poison message

  19. Markov Decision Based Filtering to Prevent Network Instability from Control Plane Poison Messages*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shayman, Mark A.

    Markov Decision Based Filtering to Prevent Network Instability from Control Plane Poison Messages@research.telcordia.com * Research supported by DARPA under contract N66001-00-C-8037. Abstract: Poison message failure propagation propose a combination of passive diagnosis and active diagnosis to deal with the poison message problem

  20. A review of "Dreams and the Invisible World in Colonial New England" by Ann Marie Plane 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scheik, William J.

    2015-01-01

    in the first place, marking them as testimonial witnesses to their own experience of the world and the time in which they live so vividly. Ann Marie Plane. Dreams and the Invisible World in Colonial New England. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania...

  1. Root finding in the complex plane for seismo-acoustic propagation scenarios with Green's function solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Root finding in the complex plane for seismo-acoustic propagation scenarios with Green's function waveguide with an elastic bottom using a Green's function formulation for a compressional wave point source modes of energy. The eigenvalues arise as singularities in the inverse Hankel transform integral

  2. Centrifugal Shape Sorting of Faceted Gold Nanoparticles Using an Atomic Plane-Selective Surfactant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, Hongjun

    Centrifugal Shape Sorting of Faceted Gold Nanoparticles Using an Atomic Plane-Selective Surfactant control or postsynthetic processing that relies on centrifugal sedimentation-based sorting schemes whereNPs possessing different shapes that would otherwise be virtually indistinguishable during centrifugal

  3. Dynamics of an electron confined to a "hybrid plane" and interacting with a magnetic field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raffaele Carlone; Pavel Exner

    2010-12-13

    We discuss spectral and resonance properties of a Hamiltonian describing motion of an electron moving on a "hybrid surface" consisting on a halfline attached by its endpoints to a plane under influence of a constant magnetic field which interacts with its spin through a Rashba-type term.

  4. Emergence of Jets from Turbulence in the Shallow-Water Equations on an Equatorial Beta Plane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrell, Brian F.

    Emergence of Jets from Turbulence in the Shallow-Water Equations on an Equatorial Beta Plane BRIAN (Manuscript received 2 September 2008, in final form 24 April 2009) ABSTRACT Coherent jets, such as the Jovian the essential mechanism of jet formation, which is systematic eddy mo- mentum flux directed up the mean velocity

  5. Numerical simulations of the bending of narrow-angle-tail radio jets by ram pressure or pressure gradients

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Soker, N.; Sarazin, C.L.; O'Dea, C.P.

    1988-04-01

    Three-dimensional numerical hydrodynamic simulations are used to study the bending of radio jets. The simulations are compared with observations of jets in narrow-angle-tail radio sources. Two mechanisms for the observed bending are considered: direct bending of quasi-continuous jets by ram pressure from intergalactic gas and bending by pressure gradients in the interstellar gas of the host galaxy, the pressure gradients themselves being the result of ram pressure by intergalactic gas. It is shown that the pressure gradients are much less effective in bending jets, implying that the jets have roughly 30 times lower momentum fluxes if they are bent by this mechanism. Ram-pressure bending produces jets with kidney-shaped cross sections; when observed from the side, these jets appear to have diffuse extensions on the downstream side. On the other hand, pressure-gradient bending causes the jets to be densest near their upstream side. 31 references.

  6. B2 0800+24 - a narrow-angle tail radio galaxy in a small group of galaxies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stocke, J.T.; Burns, J.O.

    1987-08-01

    The environments of three asymmetric sources (B2 0800+24, NGC 4410a/b, and B2 1553+24) are studied in detail. Because the morphology of B2 0800+24 most clearly resembles the narrow-angle tails (NATs) found in clusters, this source is used to study the apparent conflict between the head-tail morphology and the low ram pressure present in a small group environment. If the jets in the NATs are ram-pressure confined, then lateral expansion of the jets in poor groups makes them easier to bend (this was observed for B2 0800+24). It is concluded that NAT morphology may be common both in rich clusters and in poor groups. 56 references.

  7. Compact source of narrow-band counterpropagating polarization-entangled photon pairs using a single dual-periodically poled crystal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yan-Xiao Gong; Zhen-Da Xie; Ping Xu; Xiao-Qiang Yu; Peng Xue; Shi-Ning Zhu

    2011-12-20

    We propose a scheme for the generation of counterpropagating polarization-entangled photon pairs from a dual-periodically poled crystal. Compared with the usual forward-wave type source, this source, in the backward-wave way, has a much narrower bandwidth. With a 2-cm-long bulk crystal, the bandwidths of the example sources are estimated to be 3.6 GHz, and the spectral brightnesses are more than 100 pairs/(s GHz mW). Two concurrent quasi-phase-matched spontaneous parametric down-conversion processes in a single crystal enable our source to be compact and stable. This scheme does not rely on any state projection and applies to both degenerate and non-degenerate cases, facilitating applications of the entangled photons.

  8. Drones, Infrared Imagery, and Body Heat

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parks, L

    2015-01-01

    afar: The politics of drones and liminal security-scapes.of Communication 8 (2014) Drones, Infrared Imagery, and Body2521 1932–8036/2014FEA0002 Drones, Infrared Imagery, and

  9. Potential Energy and the Body Electric

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Helmreich, Stefan

    Physics tells us that potential energy is the capacity to do work that a body possesses as a result of its position in electric, magnetic, or gravitational fields. Thinking of “potentiality” in an electric idiom and with ...

  10. Techniques for Intravascular Foreign Body Retrieval

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Woodhouse, Joe B.; Uberoi, Raman

    2013-08-01

    As endovascular therapies increase in frequency, the incidence of lost or embolized foreign bodies is increasing. The presence of an intravascular foreign body (IFB) is well recognized to have the potential to cause serious complications. IFB can embolize and impact critical sites such as the heart, with subsequent significant morbidity or mortality. Intravascular foreign bodies most commonly result from embolized central line fragments, but they can originate from many sources, both iatrogenic and noniatrogenic. The percutaneous approach in removing an IFB is widely perceived as the best way to retrieve endovascular foreign bodies. This minimally invasive approach has a high success rate with a low associated morbidity, and it avoids the complications related to open surgical approaches. We examined the characteristics, causes, and incidence of endovascular embolizations and reviewed the various described techniques that have been used to facilitate subsequent explantation of such materials.

  11. Modeling of In-stream Tidal Energy Development and its Potential Effects in Tacoma Narrows, Washington, USA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, Zhaoqing; Wang, Taiping; Copping, Andrea E.; Geerlofs, Simon H.

    2014-10-01

    Understanding and providing proactive information on the potential for tidal energy projects to cause changes to the physical system and to key water quality constituents in tidal waters is a necessary and cost-effective means to avoid costly regulatory involvement and late stage surprises in the permitting process. This paper presents a modeling study for evaluating the tidal energy extraction and its potential impacts on the marine environment in a real world site - Tacoma Narrows of Puget Sound, Washington State, USA. An unstructured-grid coastal ocean model, fitted with a module that simulates tidal energy devices, was applied to simulate the tidal energy extracted by different turbine array configurations and the potential effects of the extraction at local and system-wide scales in Tacoma Narrows and South Puget Sound. Model results demonstrated the advantage of an unstructured-grid model for simulating the far-field effects of tidal energy extraction in a large model domain, as well as assessing the near-field effect using a fine grid resolution near the tidal turbines. The outcome shows that a realistic near-term deployment scenario extracts a very small fraction of the total tidal energy in the system and that system wide environmental effects are not likely; however, near-field effects on the flow field and bed shear stress in the area of tidal turbine farm are more likely. Model results also indicate that from a practical standpoint, hydrodynamic or water quality effects are not likely to be the limiting factor for development of large commercial-scale tidal farms. Results indicate that very high numbers of turbines are required to significantly alter the tidal system; limitations on marine space or other environmental concerns are likely to be reached before reaching these deployment levels. These findings show that important information obtained from numerical modeling can be used to inform regulatory and policy processes for tidal energy development.

  12. Tests and analyses for fully plastic fracture mechanics of plane strain mode I crack growth

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McClintock, F.A.; Parks, D.M.; Kim, Y.J.

    1995-12-31

    Under monotonic loading, structures should ideally be ductile enough to provide continued resistance during crack growth. For fully plastic crack growth in low strength alloys, existing asymptotic solutions for elastic-plastic growing cracks are not applicable because they reach the fracture strain only in regions small compared to the inhomogeneities of the actual fracture process. For the limiting case of non-hardening fully-plastic plane strain crack growth, in a number of geometries and loadings the near-tip fields are characterized in terms of three parameters: an effective angle 2{theta}{sub s} between a pair of slip planes, and the normal stress {sigma}{sub s} and the increment of displacement {delta}u{sub s} across the planes. This three-parameter characterization is in contrast to the one- or two-parameter (K or J and T or Q) characterization in linear or non-linear elastic fracture mechanics. These {theta}{sub s}, {sigma}{sub s}, and {delta}u{sub s} parameters are found form the far-field geometries and loadings through slip line fields or least upper bound analyses based on circular arcs. The resulting crack growth, in terms of the crack tip opening angle (CTOA), is a function of {theta}{sub s}, {sigma}{sub s}, and the material. The geometry of the crack growing between two moving slip planes emanating from its tip reduces this function to the critical fracture shear strain left behind the slip planes, {gamma}f, as a function of {sigma}{sub s}. {gamma}f({sigma}{sub s}) is found theoretically from a hole initiation and growth model. It is also found from preliminary fully plastic crack growth experiments on unequally grooved specimens with fixed-grip extension or 4-point bending of a 1018 CF steel.

  13. Light pressure on a solid body immersed in a liquid medium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Makarov, Vyacheslav P; Rukhadze, Anri A [A M Prokhorov General Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2012-09-30

    We have solved the problem about the force with which an electromagnetic pulse in a liquid (or gaseous) medium at rest affects a solid body (also at rest) immersed in it. We have shown that under certain conditions (relating to the characteristics of the medium and the pulse shape), the formula for the force exerted per unit area of a body surface is obtained from the Landau - Lifshitz equations for static fields in the same way as, according to Pitaevskii, the field stress tensor is obtained from the static field stress tensor with the dispersion taken into account. The formula for the force acting on the wall, from which an incident quasi-monochromatic plane wave with a given intensity is reflected, differs from the corresponding formula for the case when the body is in a vacuum by the factor {+-}n{sub 1}, where n{sub 1} is the refractive index, and the upper (lower) sign corresponds to a positive (negative) group velocity of the wave in the medium. (laser applications and other topics in quantum electronics)

  14. Prof. John Plane, Dr Wuhu Feng, Prof. Martyn Chipperfield and Prof. Piers Forster j.m.c.plane@leeds.ac.uk phone: 0113 343 8044 http://www1.chem.leeds.ac.uk/JMCP/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rzepa, Henry S.

    1 Prof. John Plane, Dr Wuhu Feng, Prof. Martyn Chipperfield and Prof. Piers Forster j.m.c.plane@leeds.ac.uk phone: 0113 343 8044 http://www1.chem.leeds.ac.uk/JMCP/ Atmospheric impacts of a close cometary novel experimental systems developed at Leeds to study the chemistry of metallic molecules (e

  15. NEAR-INFRARED H{sub 2} AND CONTINUUM SURVEY OF EXTENDED GREEN OBJECTS. II. COMPLETE CENSUS FOR THE NORTHERN GALACTIC PLANE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Hsu-Tai; Karr, Jennifer; Su, Yu-Nung; Liu, Sheng-Yuan; Takami, Michihiro [Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, P.O. Box 23-141, Taipei 106, Taiwan (China); Liao, Wei-Ting [Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Taiwan University, 1 Roosevelt Rd., Section 4, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Froebrich, Dirk; Ioannidis, Georgios [Centre for Astrophysics and Planetary Science, University of Kent, Canterbury CT2 7NH (United Kingdom); Lee, Yong-Hyun [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742 (Korea, Republic of); Duan, Hao-Yuan, E-mail: htlee@illinois.edu [Institute of Astronomy and Department of Physics, National Tsing-Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China)

    2013-10-01

    We discuss 94 Extended Green Objects (EGOs) in the northern Galactic plane cataloged by Cyganowski et al., based on near-infrared narrow H{sub 2} (2.122 ?m) and continuum observations from the United Kingdom Infrared Telescope. This data set is three times larger than the one in our previous study and is unbiased by preselection. As discussed in the previous paper, the morphologies of the 4.5 ?m emission generally resemble those of the near-infrared continuum, but are different from those of the H{sub 2} emission. Of our sample, only 28% of EGOs with H{sub 2} emission show similar morphologies between 4.5 ?m and H{sub 2} emission. These results suggest that the 4.5 ?m emission mainly comes from scattered continuum from the embedded young stellar objects, and partially from H{sub 2} emission. About half of EGOs are associated with H{sub 2} outflows, if the H{sub 2} outflow incompleteness is considered. The H{sub 2} outflow detection rate for EGOs with K-band detections (61%) is significantly higher than for those without K-band detections (36%). This difference may be due to the fact that both H{sub 2} and K-band emissions are associated with outflows, i.e., H{sub 2} emission and K-band continuum are associated with shocks and outflow cavities, respectively. We also compared the correlation between the H{sub 2} outflows and Class I 44 GHz methanol masers from the literature. The methanol masers can be located upstream or downstream of the H{sub 2} outflows and some bright H{sub 2} spots or outflows are not associated with methanol masers, suggesting that methanol masers and H{sub 2} emission trace different excitation conditions.

  16. Surveillance, Gender, and the Virtual Body in the Information Age

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Conrad, Kathryn

    2009-01-01

    suggested, the creation of a separate virtual 'body-as-information' that has affected the very ontology of the body. This 'informatization of the body' has been both spurred and enabled by surveillance techniques that create, depend upon, and manipulate...

  17. Water, Cities, and Bodies: A Relational Understanding of Niamey, Niger.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hungerford, Hilary B.

    2012-05-31

    of the city, bodies are intimately implicated in struggles over natural resource governance, and power over water infrastructure is also about power over bodies. These relational understandings of cities and bodies are brought together to imagine new...

  18. Solving Real-World Linear Ordering Problems Using a Primal-Dual Interior Point Cutting Plane Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitchell, John E.

    Solving Real-World Linear Ordering Problems Using a Primal-Dual Interior Point Cutting Plane Method to the next. A cutting plane algorithm for solving the linear ordering problem is described. This algorithm problems with linear programming methodology use the simplex method to solve the linear programs

  19. Intraoperative Tracking of Aortic Valve Plane* DLH Nguyen, M Garreau, V Auffret, H Le Breton, JP Verhoye, P Haigron

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Intraoperative Tracking of Aortic Valve Plane* DLH Nguyen, M Garreau, V Auffret, H Le Breton, JP Verhoye, P Haigron Abstract--The main objective of this work is to track the aortic valve plane in intra-operative fluoroscopic images in order to optimize and secure Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI) procedure

  20. Coupling Between Microstrip Lines With Finite Width Ground Plane Embedded in Polyimide Layers for 3D-MMICs on Si

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tentzeris, Manos

    Coupling Between Microstrip Lines With Finite Width Ground Plane Embedded in Polyimide Layers for 3 multiple layers of polyimide are required for constructing Si/SiGe monolithic microwave ground planes embedded in the polyimide are often used. However, the closely spaced TFMS lines

  1. Is BGP Update Storm a Sign of Trouble: Observing the Internet Control and Data Planes During Internet Worms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roughan, Matthew

    Is BGP Update Storm a Sign of Trouble: Observing the Internet Control and Data Planes During Internet Worms Matthew Roughan University of Adelaide matthew. roughan@ adelaide.edu.au Jun Li University, data plane, BGP, Internet worms, network measurement Abstract There are considerable reasons to wish

  2. Rolling stones: The motion of a sphere down an inclined plane coated with a thin liquid film

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bico,José

    Rolling stones: The motion of a sphere down an inclined plane coated with a thin liquid film J 2009 A spherical bead deposited on a smooth tilted dry plane wall rolls down the slope under that is coated with a thin layer of order 50­100 m of a viscous liquid. The steady motion of the sphere under

  3. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION, VOL. 51, NO. 10, OCTOBER 2003 2801 A Plane Wave Expansion of Spherical Wave

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Ke-Li

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION, VOL. 51, NO. 10, OCTOBER 2003 2801 A Plane Wave Expansion of Spherical Wave Functions for Modal Analysis of Guided Wave Structures and Scatterers Robert H. MacPhie, Life Fellow, IEEE, and Ke-Li Wu, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract--A new finite plane wave series

  4. Penny-shaped and half-plane cracks in a transversely isotropic piezoelectric solid under arbitrary loading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sevostianov, Igor

    Penny-shaped and half-plane cracks in a transversely isotropic piezoelectric solid under arbitrary loading E. Karapetian, I. Sevostianov, M. Kachanov Summary The problem of a penny-shaped crack for a piezoelectric medium with a crack. Solutions for penny-shaped and half-plane cracks in an in®nite medium loaded

  5. Realizing in-plane surface diffraction by x-ray multiple-beam diffraction with large incidence angle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang, Xian-Rong Gog, Thomas; Assoufid, Lahsen; Peng, Ru-Wen; Siddons, D. P.

    2014-11-03

    Based on rigorous dynamical-theory calculations, we demonstrate the principle of an x-ray multiple-beam diffraction (MBD) scheme that overcomes the long-lasting difficulties of high-resolution in-plane diffraction from crystal surfaces. This scheme only utilizes symmetric reflection geometry with large incident angles but activates the out-of-plane and in-plane diffraction processes simultaneously and separately in the continuous MBD planes. The in-plane diffraction is realized by detoured MBD, where the intermediate diffracted waves propagate parallel to the surface, which corresponds to an absolute Bragg surface diffraction configuration that is extremely sensitive to surface structures. A series of MBD diffraction and imaging techniques may be developed from this principle to study surface/interface (misfit) strains, lateral nanostructures, and phase transitions of a wide range of (pseudo)cubic crystal structures, including ultrathin epitaxial films and multilayers, quantum dots, strain-engineered semiconductor or (multi)ferroic materials, etc.

  6. In-plane electric fields in magnetic islands during collisionless magnetic reconnection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen Lijen; Bhattacharjee, Amitava; Torbert, Roy B.; Bessho, Naoki; Daughton, William; Roytershteyn, Vadim

    2012-11-15

    Magnetic islands are a common feature in both the onset and nonlinear evolution of magnetic reconnection. In collisionless regimes, the onset typically occurs within ion-scale current layers leading to the formation of magnetic islands when multiple X lines are involved. The nonlinear evolution of reconnection often gives rise to extended electron current layers (ECL) which are also unstable to formation of magnetic islands. Here, we show that the excess negative charge and strong out-of-plane electron velocity in the ECL are passed on to the islands generated therein, and that the corresponding observable distinguishing the islands generated in the ECL is the strongly enhanced in-plane electric fields near the island core. The islands formed in ion-scale current layers do not have these properties of the ECL-generated islands. The above result provides a way to assess the occurrence and importance of extended ECLs that are unstable to island formation in space and laboratory plasmas.

  7. Constraints on Gamma-ray Emission from the Galactic Plane at 300 TeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Borione; M. A. Catanese; M. C. Chantell; C. E. Covault; J. W. Cronin; B. E. Fick; L. F. Fortson; J. Fowler; M. A. K. Glasmacher; K. D. Green; D. B. Kieda; J. Matthews; B. J. Newport; D. Nitz; R. A. Ong; S. Oser; D. Sinclair; J. C. van der Velde

    1997-03-10

    We describe a new search for diffuse ultrahigh energy gamma-ray emission associated with molecular clouds in the galactic disk. The Chicago Air Shower Array (CASA), operating in coincidence with the Michigan muon array (MIA), has recorded over 2.2 x 10^{9} air showers from April 4, 1990 to October 7, 1995. We search for gamma rays based upon the muon content of air showers arriving from the direction of the galactic plane. We find no significant evidence for diffuse gamma-ray emission, and we set an upper limit on the ratio of gamma rays to normal hadronic cosmic rays at less than 2.4 x 10^{-5} at 310 TeV (90% confidence limit) from the galactic plane region: (50 degrees energies is likely to be dominated by the decay of neutral pions resulting from cosmic rays interactions with passive target gas molecules.

  8. Predicting the Voltage Dependence of Interfacial Electrochemical Processes at Lithium-Intercalated Graphite Edge Planes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leung, Kevin

    2015-01-01

    The applied potential governs lithium-intercalation and electrode passivation reactions in lithium ion batteries, but are challenging to calibrate in condensed phase DFT calculations. In this work, the "anode potential" of charge-neutral lithium-intercalated graphite (LiC(6)) with oxidized edge planes is computed as a function of Li-content n(Li)) at edge planes, using ab initio molecular dynamics (AIMD), a previously introduced Li+ transfer free energy method, and the experimental Li+/Li(s) value as reference. The voltage assignments are corroborated using explicit electron transfer from fluoroethylene carbonate radical anion markers. PF6- is shown to decompose electrochemically (i.e., not just thermally) at low potentials imposed by our voltage calibration technique. We demonstrate that excess electrons reside in localized states-in-the-gap in the organic carbonate liquid region, which is not semiconductor-like (band-state-like) as widely assumed in the literature.

  9. Well-posedness and generalized plane waves simulations of a 2D mode conversion model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Imbert-Gérard, Lise-Marie

    2015-01-01

    Certain types of electro-magnetic waves propagating in a plasma can undergo a mode conversion process. In magnetic confinement fusion, this phenomenon is very useful to heat the plasma, since it permits to transfer the heat at or near the plasma center. This work focuses on a mathematical model of wave propagation around the mode conversion region, from both theoretical and numerical points of view. It aims at developing, for a well-posed equation, specific basis functions to study a wave mode conversion process. These basis functions, called generalized plane waves, are intrinsically based on variable coefficients. As such, they are particularly adapted to the mode conversion problem. The design of generalized plane waves for the proposed model is described in detail. Their implementation within a discontinuous Galerkin method then provides numerical simulations of the process. These first 2D simulations for this model agree with qualitative aspects studied in previous works.

  10. Well-posedness and generalized plane waves simulations of a 2D mode conversion model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lise-Marie Imbert-Gérard

    2015-04-27

    Certain types of electro-magnetic waves propagating in a plasma can undergo a mode conversion process. In magnetic confinement fusion, this phenomenon is very useful to heat the plasma, since it permits to transfer the heat at or near the plasma center. This work focuses on a mathematical model of wave propagation around the mode conversion region, from both theoretical and numerical points of view. It aims at developing, for a well-posed equation, specific basis functions to study a wave mode conversion process. These basis functions, called generalized plane waves, are intrinsically based on variable coefficients. As such, they are particularly adapted to the mode conversion problem. The design of generalized plane waves for the proposed model is described in detail. Their implementation within a discontinuous Galerkin method then provides numerical simulations of the process. These first 2D simulations for this model agree with qualitative aspects studied in previous works.

  11. A Schwinger--Dyson Equation in the Borel Plane: singularities of the solution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marc P. Bellon; Pierre J. Clavier

    2015-06-30

    We map the Schwinger--Dyson equation and the renormalization group equation for the massless Wess--Zumino model in the Borel plane, where the product of functions get mapped to a convolution product. The two-point function can be expressed as a superposition of general powers of the external momentum. The singularities of the anomalous dimension are shown to lie on the real line in the Borel plane and to be linked to the singularities of the Mellin transform of the one-loop graph. This new approach allows us to enlarge the reach of previous studies on the expansions around those singularities. The asymptotic behavior at infinity of the Borel transform of the solution is beyond the reach of analytical methods and we do a preliminary numerical study, aiming to show that it should remain bounded.

  12. Homoclinic snaking in plane Couette flow: bending, skewing, and finite-size effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gibson, John F

    2015-01-01

    Invariant solutions of shear flows have recently been extended from spatially periodic solutions in minimal flow units to spatially localized solutions on extended domains. One set of spanwise-localized solutions of plane Couette flow exhibits homoclinic snaking, a process by which steady-state solutions grow additional structure smoothly at their fronts when continued parametrically. Homoclinic snaking is well understood mathematically in the context of the one-dimensional Swift-Hohenberg equation. Consequently, the snaking solutions of plane Couette flow form a promising connection between the largely phenomenological study of laminar-turbulent patterns in viscous shear flows and the mathematically well-developed field of pattern-formation theory. In this paper we present a numerical study of the snaking solutions, generalizing beyond the fixed streamwise wavelength of previous studies. We find a number of new solution features, including bending, skewing, and finite-size effects. We show that the finite-si...

  13. Drag force on a sphere moving towards an anisotropic super-hydrophobic plane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evgeny S. Asmolov; Aleksey V. Belyaev; Olga I. Vinogradova

    2011-06-01

    We analyze theoretically a high-speed drainage of liquid films squeezed between a hydrophilic sphere and a textured super-hydrophobic plane, that contains trapped gas bubbles. A super-hydrophobic wall is characterized by parameters $L$ (texture characteristic length), $b_1$ and $b_2$ (local slip lengths at solid and gas areas), and $\\phi_1$ and $\\phi_2$ (fractions of solid and gas areas). Hydrodynamic properties of the plane are fully expressed in terms of the effective slip-length tensor with eigenvalues that depend on texture parameters and $H$ (local separation). The effect of effective slip is predicted to decrease the force as compared with expected for two hydrophilic surfaces and described by the Taylor equation. The presence of additional length scales, $L$, $b_1$ and $b_2$, implies that a film drainage can be much richer than in case of a sphere moving towards a hydrophilic plane. For a large (compared to $L$) gap the reduction of the force is small, and for all textures the force is similar to expected when a sphere is moving towards a smooth hydrophilic plane that is shifted down from the super-hydrophobic wall. The value of this shift is equal to the average of the eigenvalues of the slip-length tensor. By analyzing striped super-hydrophobic surfaces, we then compute the correction to the Taylor equation for an arbitrary gap. We show that at thinner gap the force reduction becomes more pronounced, and that it depends strongly on the fraction of the gas area and local slip lengths. For small separations we derive an exact equation, which relates a correction for effective slip to texture parameters. Our analysis provides a framework for interpreting recent force measurements in the presence of super-hydrophobic surface.

  14. 5d fixed points from brane webs and O7-planes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bergman, Oren

    2015-01-01

    We explore the properties of five-dimensional supersymmetric gauge theories living on 5-brane webs in orientifold 7-plane backgrounds. These include $USp(2N)$ and $SO(N)$ gauge theories with fundamental matter, as well as $SU(N)$ gauge theories with symmetric and antisymmetric matter. We find a number of new 5d fixed point theories that feature enhanced global symmetries. We also exhibit a number of new 5d dualities.

  15. Magneto-Seebeck effect in spin-valve with in-plane thermal gradient

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jain, S. Bose, A. Palkar, V. R. Tulapurkar, A. A.; Lam, D. D. Suzuki, Y.; Sharma, H. Tomy, C. V.

    2014-12-15

    We present measurements of magneto-Seebeck effect on a spin valve with in-plane thermal gradient. We measured open circuit voltage and short circuit current by applying a temperature gradient across a spin valve stack, where one of the ferromagnetic layers is pinned. We found a clear hysteresis in these two quantities as a function of magnetic field. From these measurements, the magneto-Seebeck effect was found to be same as magneto-resistance effect.

  16. 5d fixed points from brane webs and O7-planes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oren Bergman; Gabi Zafrir

    2015-08-15

    We explore the properties of five-dimensional supersymmetric gauge theories living on 5-brane webs in orientifold 7-plane backgrounds. These include $USp(2N)$ and $SO(N)$ gauge theories with fundamental matter, as well as $SU(N)$ gauge theories with symmetric and antisymmetric matter. We find a number of new 5d fixed point theories that feature enhanced global symmetries. We also exhibit a number of new 5d dualities.

  17. Energy-momentum distribution of a general plane symmetric spacetime in metric f(R) gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morteza Yavari

    2014-06-13

    In this paper, the exact vacuum solution of a general plane symmetric spacetime is investigated in metric f(R) gravity with the assumption of constant Ricci scalar. For this solution, we have studied the generalized Landau-Lifshitz energy-momentum complex in this theory to determine the energy distribution expressions for some specific f(R) models. Also, we show that these models satisfy the constant curvature condition.

  18. A MILLIMETER-WAVE GALACTIC PLANE SURVEY WITH THE BICEP POLARIMETER

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bierman, E. M.; Keating, B. G.; Barron, D.; Kaufman, J. P. [University of California, San Diego (United States); Matsumura, T.; Dowell, C. D.; Bock, J. J.; Chiang, H. C.; Culverhouse, T. L.; Hristov, V. V.; Kovac, J. M.; Lange, A. E. [California Institute of Technology (United States); Ade, P. [University of Wales (United Kingdom); Barkats, D. [Joint ALMA Office-NRAO (Chile); Battle, J. O.; Leitch, E. M. [Jet Propulsion Laboratory (United States); Duband, L. [Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique (France); Hivon, E. F. [Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris (France); Holzapfel, W. L. [University of California, Berkeley (United States); Kuo, C. L., E-mail: ebierman@physics.ucsd.edu [Stanford University, CA (United States)

    2011-11-10

    In order to study inflationary cosmology and the Milky Way Galaxy's composition and magnetic field structure, Stokes I, Q, and U maps of the Galactic plane covering the Galactic longitude range 260 Degree-Sign < l < 340 Degree-Sign in three atmospheric transmission windows centered on 100, 150, and 220 GHz are presented. The maps sample an optical depth 1 {approx}< A{sub V} {approx}< 30, and are consistent with previous characterizations of the Galactic millimeter-wave frequency spectrum and the large-scale magnetic field structure permeating the interstellar medium. The polarization angles in all three bands are generally perpendicular to those measured by starlight polarimetry as expected and show changes in the structure of the Galactic magnetic field on the scale of 60 Degree-Sign . The frequency spectrum of degree-scale Galactic emission is plotted between 23 and 220 GHz (including WMAP data) and is fit to a two-component (synchrotron and dust) model showing that the higher frequency BICEP data are necessary to tightly constrain the amplitude and spectral index of Galactic dust. Polarized emission is detected over the entire region within two degrees of the Galactic plane, indicating the large-scale magnetic field is oriented parallel to the plane of the Galaxy. A trend of decreasing polarization fraction with increasing total intensity is observed, ruling out the simplest model of a constant Galactic magnetic field orientation along the line of sight in the Galactic plane. A generally increasing trend of polarization fraction with electromagnetic frequency is found, varying from 0.5%-1.5% at frequencies below 50 GHz to 2.5%-3.5% above 90 GHz. The effort to extend the capabilities of BICEP by installing 220 GHz band hardware is described along with analysis of the new band.

  19. A Cutting Plane Method for Solving Harvest Scheduling Models with Area Restrictions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Sally

    37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 A Cutting Plane Method for Solving Harvest Scheduling Models with Area Restrictions N´ora K¨onnyua , S´andor F. T.e., clear-cuts) cannot exceed an area threshold in any given time period or over a set of periods called

  20. Scattering and Bound State Green's Functions on a Plane via so(2,1) Lie Algebra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. F. Borges; H. Boschi-Filho; A. N. Vaidya

    2006-10-17

    We calculate the Green's functions for the particle-vortex system, for two anyons on a plane with and without a harmonic regulator and in a uniform magnetic field. These Green's functions which describe scattering or bound states (depending on the specific potential in each case) are obtained exactly using an algebraic method related to the SO(2,1) Lie group. From these Green's functions we obtain the corresponding wave functions and for the bound states we also find the energy spectra.

  1. 5d fixed points from brane webs and O7-planes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oren Bergman; Gabi Zafrir

    2015-07-14

    We explore the properties of five-dimensional supersymmetric gauge theories living on 5-brane webs in orientifold 7-plane backgrounds. These include $USp(2N)$ and $SO(N)$ gauge theories with fundamental matter, as well as $SU(N)$ gauge theories with symmetric and antisymmetric matter. We find a number of new 5d fixed point theories that feature enhanced global symmetries. We also exhibit a number of new 5d dualities.

  2. Method and system of measuring ultrasonic signals in the plane of a moving web

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hall, Maclin S. (Marietta, GA); Jackson, Theodore G. (Atlanta, GA); Wink, Wilmer A. (Appleton, WI); Knerr, Christopher (Lawrenceville, GA)

    1996-01-01

    An improved system for measuring the velocity of ultrasonic signals within the plane of moving web-like materials, such as paper, paperboard and the like. In addition to velocity measurements of ultrasonic signals in the plane of the web in the machine direction, MD, and a cross direction, CD, generally perpendicular to the direction of the traveling web, therefor, one embodiment of the system in accordance with the present invention is also adapted to provide on-line indication of the polar specific stiffness of the moving web. In another embodiment of the invention, the velocity of ultrasonic signals in the plane of the web are measured by way of a plurality of ultrasonic transducers carried by synchronously driven wheels or cylinders, thus eliminating undue transducer wear due to any speed differences between the transducers and the web. In order to provide relatively constant contact force between the transducers and the webs, the transducers are mounted in a sensor housings which include a spring for biasing the transducer radially outwardly. The sensor housings are adapted to be easily and conveniently mounted to the carrier to provide a relatively constant contact force between the transducers and the moving web.

  3. Drag force on a sphere moving towards an anisotropic super-hydrophobic plane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asmolov, Evgeny S; Vinogradova, Olga I

    2011-01-01

    We analyze theoretically a high-speed drainage of liquid films squeezed between a hydrophilic sphere and a textured super-hydrophobic plane, that contains trapped gas bubbles. A super-hydrophobic wall is characterized by parameters $L$ (texture characteristic length), $b_1$ and $b_2$ (local slip lengths at solid and gas areas), and $\\phi_1$ and $\\phi_2$ (fractions of solid and gas areas). Hydrodynamic properties of the plane are fully expressed in terms of the effective slip-length tensor with eigenvalues that depend on texture parameters and $H$ (local separation). The effect of effective slip is predicted to decrease the force as compared with expected for two hydrophilic surfaces and described by the Taylor equation. The presence of additional length scales, $L$, $b_1$ and $b_2$, implies that a film drainage can be much richer than in case of a sphere moving towards a hydrophilic plane. For a large (compared to $L$) gap the reduction of the force is small, and for all textures the force is similar to expec...

  4. Method and system of measuring ultrasonic signals in the plane of a moving web

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hall, M.S.; Jackson, T.G.; Wink, W.A.; Knerr, C.

    1996-02-27

    An improved system for measuring the velocity of ultrasonic signals within the plane of moving web-like materials, such as paper, paperboard and the like is disclosed. In addition to velocity measurements of ultrasonic signals in the plane of the web in the machine direction, MD, and a cross direction, CD, generally perpendicular to the direction of the traveling web, therefore, one embodiment of the system in accordance with the present invention is also adapted to provide on-line indication of the polar specific stiffness of the moving web. In another embodiment of the invention, the velocity of ultrasonic signals in the plane of the web are measured by way of a plurality of ultrasonic transducers carried by synchronously driven wheels or cylinders, thus eliminating undue transducer wear due to any speed differences between the transducers and the web. In order to provide relatively constant contact force between the transducers and the webs, the transducers are mounted in a sensor housings which include a spring for biasing the transducer radially outwardly. The sensor housings are adapted to be easily and conveniently mounted to the carrier to provide a relatively constant contact force between the transducers and the moving web. 37 figs.

  5. Pump-probe measurements of the thermal conductivity tensor for materials lacking in-plane symmetry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feser, Joseph P. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716 (United States); Liu, Jun; Cahill, David G. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, and Frederick-Seitz Materials Research Laboratory, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States)

    2014-10-15

    We previously demonstrated an extension of time-domain thermoreflectance (TDTR) which utilizes offset pump and probe laser locations to measure in-plane thermal transport properties of multilayers. However, the technique was limited to systems of transversely isotropic materials studied using axisymmetric laser intensities. Here, we extend the mathematics so that data reduction can be performed on non-transversely isotropic systems. An analytic solution of the diffusion equation for an N-layer system is given, where each layer has a homogenous but otherwise arbitrary thermal conductivity tensor and the illuminating spots have arbitrary intensity profiles. As a demonstration, we use both TDTR and time-resolved magneto-optic Kerr effect measurements to obtain thermal conductivity tensor elements of <110> ?-SiO{sub 2}. We show that the out-of-phase beam offset sweep has full-width half-maxima that contains nearly independent sensitivity to the in-plane thermal conductivity corresponding to the scanning direction. Also, we demonstrate a Nb-V alloy as a low thermal conductivity TDTR transducer layer that helps improve the accuracy of in-plane measurements.

  6. An investigation of the dynamic separation of spot welds under plane tensile pulses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ma, Bohan; Fan, Chunlei; Chen, Danian Wang, Huanran; Zhou, Fenghua

    2014-08-07

    We performed ultra-high-speed tests for purely opening spot welds using plane tensile pulses. A gun system generated a parallel impact of a projectile plate onto a welded plate. Induced by the interactions of the release waves, the welded plate opened purely under the plane tensile pulses. We used the laser velocity interferometer system for any reflector to measure the velocity histories of the free surfaces of the free part and the spot weld of the welded plate. We then used a scanning electron microscope to investigate the recovered welded plates. We found that the interfacial failure mode was mainly a brittle fracture and the cracks propagated through the spot nugget, while the partial interfacial failure mode was a mixed fracture comprised ductile fracture and brittle fracture. We used the measured velocity histories to evaluate the tension stresses in the free part and the spot weld of the welded plate by applying the characteristic theory. We also discussed the different constitutive behaviors of the metals under plane shock loading and under uniaxial split Hopkinson pressure bar tests. We then compared the numerically simulated velocity histories of the free surfaces of the free part and the spot weld of the welded plate with the measured results. The numerical simulations made use of the fracture stress criteria, and then the computed fracture modes of the tests were compared with the recovered results.

  7. Colors of Kuiper Belt objects : the relationship between KBO colors and Kuiper Belt plane inclination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kane, Julia Frances

    2006-01-01

    A large population of small, icy bodies orbits the sun just beyond Neptune, known as the Kuiper Belt. These objects, thought to be the progenitors of short period comets, could provide a sample of primordial material in ...

  8. Hierarchical neural control of human postural balance and bipedal walking in sagittal plane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jo, Sungho, 1974-

    2006-01-01

    The cerebrocerebellar system has been known to be a central part in human motion control and execution. However, engineering descriptions of the system, especially in relation to lower body motion, have been very limited. ...

  9. Evidence for a Narrow Near-Threshold Structure in the J/ psi phi Mass Spectrum in B+-->J/ psi phi K+ Decays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Si

    Evidence is reported for a narrow structure near the J/?? threshold in exclusive B+?J/??K+ decays produced in (p)over-bar p collisions at ?s=1.96??TeV. A signal of 14±5 events, with statistical significance in excess of ...

  10. Search for narrow high-mass resonances in proton–proton collisions at ?s = 8 TeV decaying to a Z and a Higgs boson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Apyan, Aram

    A search for a narrow, high-mass resonance decaying into Z and Higgs (H) bosons is presented. The final state studied consists of a merged jet pair and a ? pair resulting from the decays of Z and H bosons, respectively. ...

  11. THE CHANDRA, HUBBLE SPACE TELESCOPE, AND VLA VIEW OF THE CIRCUMNUCLEAR EXTENDED EMISSION IN THE NARROW EMISSION LINE GALAXY NGC 2110

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Dan

    THE CHANDRA, HUBBLE SPACE TELESCOPE, AND VLA VIEW OF THE CIRCUMNUCLEAR EXTENDED EMISSION IN THE NARROW EMISSION LINE GALAXY NGC 2110 Daniel A. Evans,1 Julia C. Lee,1 Maria Kamenetska,2 Sarah C ), and VLA imaging observations of the circumnuclear extended emission in the nearby Type 2 Seyfert galaxy

  12. Interaction of Cu and plastic plasmas as a method of forming laser produced Cu plasma streams with a narrow jet or pipe geometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kasperczuk, A.; Pisarczyk, T.; Chodukowski, T.; Kalinowska, Z.; Parys, P. [Institute of Plasma Physics and Laser Microfusion, 23 Hery St., 00-908 Warsaw (Poland); Ullschmied, J. [Institute of Plasma Physics ASCR, v.v.i., Za Slovankou 3, 182 00 Prague 8 (Czech Republic); Krousky, E.; Pfeifer, M.; Skala, J. [Institute of Physics ASCR, v.v.i., Na Slovance 2, 182 21 Prague 8 (Czech Republic); Klir, D.; Kravarik, J.; Kubes, P.; Rezac, K. [Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Electrical Engineering (FEE), Prague (Czech Republic); Pisarczyk, P. [Warsaw University of Technology, Institute of Computer Sciences (ICS), 15/19 Nowowiejska St., 00-665 Warsaw (Poland)

    2011-04-15

    This brief communication is aimed at investigations of interaction of axially symmetrical light (plastic) plasma with heavy (copper) plasma. The use of axially symmetrical target compositions consisting of materials with low and high atomic numbers makes it possible to create different plasma stream configurations (e.g., very narrow jet or pipe). In the paper certain their applications are suggested.

  13. arXiv:cond-mat/0406303v1[cond-mat.soft]13Jun2004 Inter-filament Attractions Narrow the Length Distribution of Actin Filaments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moses, Elisha

    arXiv:cond-mat/0406303v1[cond-mat.soft]13Jun2004 Inter-filament Attractions Narrow the Length Distribution of Actin Filaments David Biron , Elisha Moses , Itamar Borukhov , and S. A. Safran Departments, 2008) We show that the exponential length distribution that is typical of actin filaments under phys

  14. Narrow-band search of continuous gravitational-wave signals from Crab and Vela pulsars in Virgo VSR4 data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aasi, J; Abbott, R; Abbott, T; Abernathy, M R; Acernese, F; Ackley, K; Adams, C; Adams, T; Addesso, P; Adhikari, R X; Adya, V; Affeldt, C; Agathos, M; Agatsuma, K; Aggarwal, N; Aguiar, O D; Ain, A; Ajith, P; Alemic, A; Allen, B; Allocca, A; Amariutei, D; Anderson, S B; Anderson, W G; Arai, K; Araya, M C; Arceneaux, C; Areeda, J S; Ashton, G; Ast, S; Aston, S M; Astone, P; Aufmuth, P; Aulbert, C; Aylott, B E; Babak, S; Baker, P T; Baldaccini, F; Ballardin, G; Ballmer, S W; Barayoga, J C; Barbet, M; Barclay, S; Barish, B C; Barker, D; Barone, F; Barr, B; Barsotti, L; Barsuglia, M; Bartlett, J; Barton, M A; Bartos, I; Bassiri, R; Basti, A; Batch, J C; Bauer, Th S; Baune, C; Bavigadda, V; Behnke, B; Bejger, M; Belczynski, C; Bell, A S; Bell, C; Benacquista, M; Bergman, J; Bergmann, G; Berry, C P L; Bersanetti, D; Bertolini, A; Betzwieser, J; Bhagwat, S; Bhandare, R; Bilenko, I A; Billingsley, G; Birch, J; Biscans, S; Bitossi, M; Biwer, C; Bizouard, M A; Blackburn, J K; Blackburn, L; Blair, C D; Blair, D; Bloemen, S; Bock, O; Bodiya, T P; Boer, M; Bogaert, G; Bojtos, P; Bond, C; Bondu, F; Bonelli, L; Bonnand, R; Bork, R; Born, M; Boschi, V; Bose, Sukanta; Bradaschia, C; Brady, P R; Braginsky, V B; Branchesi, M; Brau, J E; Briant, T; Bridges, D O; Brillet, A; Brinkmann, M; Brisson, V; Brooks, A F; Brown, D A; Brown, D D; Brown, N M; Buchman, S; Buikema, A; Bulik, T; Bulten, H J; Buonanno, A; Buskulic, D; Buy, C; Cadonati, L; Cagnoli, G; Bustillo, J Calderón; Calloni, E; Camp, J B; Cannon, K C; Cao, J; Capano, C D; Carbognani, F; Caride, S; Caudill, S; Cavaglià, M; Cavalier, F; Cavalieri, R; Cella, G; Cepeda, C; Cesarini, E; Chakraborty, R; Chalermsongsak, T; Chamberlin, S J; Chao, S; Charlton, P; Chassande-Mottin, E; Chen, Y; Chincarini, A; Chiummo, A; Cho, H S; Cho, M; Chow, J H; Christensen, N; Chu, Q; Chua, S; Chung, S; Ciani, G; Clara, F; Clark, J A; Cleva, F; Coccia, E; Cohadon, P -F; Colla, A; Collette, C; Colombini, M; Cominsky, L; Constancio,, M; Conte, A; Cook, D; Corbitt, T R; Cornish, N; Corsi, A; Costa, C A; Coughlin, M W; Coulon, J -P; Countryman, S; Couvares, P; Coward, D M; Cowart, M J; Coyne, D C; Coyne, R; Craig, K; Creighton, J D E; Creighton, T D; Cripe, J; Crowder, S G; Cumming, A; Cunningham, L; Cuoco, E; Cutler, C; Dahl, K; Canton, T Dal; Damjanic, M; Danilishin, S L; D'Antonio, S; Danzmann, K; Dartez, L; Dattilo, V; Dave, I; Daveloza, H; Davier, M; Davies, G S; Daw, E J; Day, R; DeBra, D; Debreczeni, G; Degallaix, J; De Laurentis, M; Deléglise, S; Del Pozzo, W; Denker, T; Dent, T; Dereli, H; Dergachev, V; De Rosa, R; DeRosa, R T; DeSalvo, R; Dhurandhar, S; Díaz, M; Di Fiore, L; Di Lieto, A; Di Palma, I; Di Virgilio, A; Dojcinoski, G; Dolique, V; Dominguez, E; Donovan, F; Dooley, K L; Doravari, S; Douglas, R; Downes, T P; Drago, M; Driggers, J C; Du, Z; Ducrot, M; Dwyer, S; Eberle, T; Edo, T; Edwards, M; Effler, A; Eggenstein, H -B; Ehrens, P; Eichholz, J; Eikenberry, S S; Essick, R; Etzel, T; Evans, M; Evans, T; Factourovich, M; Fafone, V; Fairhurst, S; Fan, X; Fang, Q; Farinon, S; Farr, B; Farr, W M; Favata, M; Fays, M; Fehrmann, H; Fejer, M M; Feldbaum, D; Ferrante, I; Ferreira, E C; Ferrini, F; Fidecaro, F; Fiori, I; Fisher, R P; Flaminio, R; Fournier, J -D; Franco, S; Frasca, S; Frasconi, F; Frei, Z; Freise, A; Frey, R; Fricke, T T; Fritschel, P; Frolov, V V; Fuentes-Tapia, S; Fulda, P; Fyffe, M; Gair, J R; Gammaitoni, L; Gaonkar, S; Garufi, F; Gatto, A; Gehrels, N; Gemme, G; Gendre, B; Genin, E; Gennai, A; Gergely, L Á; Ghosh, S; Giaime, J A; Giardina, K D; Giazotto, A; Gleason, J; Goetz, E; Goetz, R; Gondan, L; González, G; Gordon, N; Gorodetsky, M L; Gossan, S; Goßler, S; Gouaty, R; Gräf, C; Graff, P B; Granata, M; Grant, A; Gras, S; Gray, C; Greco, G; Greenhalgh, R J S; Gretarsson, A M; Groot, P; Grote, H; Grunewald, S; Guidi, G M; Guido, C J; Guo, X; Gushwa, K; Gustafson, E K; Gustafson, R; Hacker, J; Hall, E D; Hammond, G; Hanke, M; Hanks, J; Hanna, C; Hannam, M D; Hanson, J; Hardwick, T; Harms, J; Harry, G M; Harry, I W; Hart, M; Hartman, M T; Haster, C -J; Haughian, K; Hee, S; Heidmann, A; Heintze, M; Heinzel, G; Heitmann, H; Hello, P; Hemming, G; Hendry, M; Heng, I S; Heptonstall, A W; Heurs, M; Hewitson, M; Hild, S; Hoak, D; Hodge, K A; Hofman, D; Hollitt, S E; Holt, K; Hopkins, P; Hosken, D J; Hough, J; Houston, E; Howell, E J; Hu, Y M; Huerta, E; Hughey, B; Husa, S; Huttner, S H; Huynh, M; Huynh-Dinh, T; Idrisy, A; Indik, N; Ingram, D R; Inta, R; Islas, G; Isler, J C; Isogai, T; Iyer, B R; Izumi, K; Jacobson, M; Jang, H; Jaranowski, P; Jawahar, S; Ji, Y; Jiménez-Forteza, F; Johnson, W W; Jones, D I; Jones, R; Jonker, R J G; Ju, L; K, Haris; Kalogera, V; Kandhasamy, S; Kang, G; Kanner, J B; Kasprzack, M; Katsavounidis, E; Katzman, W; Kaufer, H; Kaufer, S; Kaur, T; Kawabe, K; Kawazoe, F; Kéfélian, F; Keiser, G M; Keitel, D; Kelley, D B; Kells, W; Keppel, D G; Key, J S

    2014-01-01

    In this paper we present the results of a coherent narrow-band search for continuous gravitational-wave signals from the Crab and Vela pulsars conducted on Virgo VSR4 data. In order to take into account a possible small mismatch between the gravitational wave frequency and two times the star rotation frequency, inferred from measurement of the electromagnetic pulse rate, a range of 0.02 Hz around two times the star rotational frequency has been searched for both the pulsars. No evidence for a signal has been found and 95$\\%$ confidence level upper limits have been computed both assuming polarization parameters are completely unknown and that they are known with some uncertainty, as derived from X-ray observations of the pulsar wind torii. For Vela the upper limits are comparable to the spin-down limit, computed assuming that all the observed spin-down is due to the emission of gravitational waves. For Crab the upper limits are about a factor of two below the spin-down limit, and represent a significant improv...

  15. Toward Photochemical Water Splitting Using Band-Gap-Narrowed Semiconductors and Transition-Metal Based Molecular Catalysts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Muckerman,J.T.; Rodriguez, J.A.; Fujita, E.

    2009-06-07

    We are carrying out coordinated theoretical and experimental studies of toward photochemical water splitting using band-gap-narrowed semiconductors (BGNSCs) with attached multi-electron molecular water oxidation and hydrogen production catalysts. We focus on the coupling between the materials properties and the H{sub 2}O redox chemistry, with an emphasis on attaining a fundamental understanding of the individual elementary steps in the following four processes: (1) Light-harvesting and charge-separation of stable oxide or oxide-derived semiconductors for solar-driven water splitting, including the discovery and characterization of the behavior of such materials at the aqueous interface; (2) The catalysis of the four-electron water oxidation by dinuclear hydroxo transition-metal complexes with quinonoid ligands, and the rational search for improved catalysts; (3) Transfer of the design principles learned from the elucidation of the DuBois-type hydrogenase model catalysts in acetonitrile to the rational design of two-electron hydrogen production catalysts for aqueous solution; (4) Combining these three elements to examine the function of oxidation catalysts on BGNSC photoanode surfaces and hydrogen production catalysts on cathode surfaces at the aqueous interface to understand the challenges to the efficient coupling of the materials functions.

  16. Optical and ultraviolet observations of the narrow-lined type Ia SN 2012fr in NGC 1365

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Ju-Jia; Bai, Jin-Ming; Wang, Bo; Liu, Zheng-Wei [Yunnan Observatories (YNAO), Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650011 (China); Wang, Xiao-Feng; Zhao, Xu-Lin; Chen, Jun-Cheng [Physics Department and Tsinghua Center for Astrophysics (THCA), Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Zhang, Tian-Meng, E-mail: jujia@ynao.ac.cn, E-mail: baijinming@ynao.ac.cn, E-mail: wang_xf@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn [National Astronomical Observatories of China (NAOC), Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012 (China)

    2014-07-01

    Extensive optical and ultraviolet (UV) observations of the type Ia supernova (SN Ia) 2012fr are presented in this paper. It has a relatively high luminosity, with an absolute B-band peak magnitude of about –19.5 mag and a smaller post-maximum decline rate than normal SNe Ia (e.g., ?m {sub 15}(B) =0.85 ± 0.05 mag). Based on the UV and optical light curves, we derived that a {sup 56}Ni mass of about 0.88 M {sub ?} was synthesized in the explosion. The earlier spectra are characterized by noticeable high-velocity features of Si II ?6355 and Ca II with velocities in the range of ?22, 000-25, 000 km s{sup –1}. At around the maximum light, these spectral features are dominated by the photospheric components which are noticeably narrower than normal SNe Ia. The post-maximum velocity of the photosphere remains almost constant at ?12,000 km s{sup –1} for about one month, reminiscent of the behavior of some luminous SNe Ia like SN 1991T. We propose that SN 2012fr may represent a subset of the SN 1991T-like SNe Ia viewed in a direction with a clumpy or shell-like structure of ejecta, in terms of a significant level of polarization reported in Maund et al. in 2013.

  17. Effects of multiple occupancy and inter-particle interactions on selective transport through narrow channels: theory versus experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anton Zilman

    2008-11-17

    Many biological and artificial transport channels function without direct input of metabolic energy during a transport event and without structural rearrangements involving transitions from a 'closed' to an 'open' state. Nevertheless, such channels are able to maintain efficient and selective transport. It has been proposed that attractive interactions between the transported molecules and the channel can increase the transport efficiency and that the selectivity of such channels can be based on the strength of the interaction of the specifically transported molecules with the channel. Herein, we study the transport through narrow channels in a framework of a general kinetic theory, which naturally incorporates multi-particle occupancy of the channel and non-single-file transport. We study how the transport efficiency and the probability of translocation through the channel are affected by inter-particle interactions in the confined space inside the channel, and establish conditions for selective transport. We compare the predictions of the model with the available experimental data - and find good semi-quantitative agreement. Finally, we discuss applications of the theory to the design of artificial nano-molecular sieves.

  18. A panchromatic view of relativistic jets in gamma-ray emitting narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D'Ammando, F; Finke, J; Giroletti, M; Larsson, J

    2015-01-01

    Before the launch of the Fermi satellite only two classes of Active Galactic Nuclei (AGN) were known to generate relativistic jets and thus to emit up to the gamma-ray energy range: blazars and radio galaxies, both hosted in giant elliptical galaxies. The first four years of observations by the Large Area Telescope (LAT) on board Fermi confirmed that these two populations represent the most numerous identified sources in the extragalactic gamma-ray sky, but the discovery of variable gamma-ray emission from 5 radio-loud Narrow-Line Seyfert 1 (NLSy1) galaxies revealed the presence of a possible emerging third class of AGN with relativistic jets. Considering that NLSy1 are thought to be hosted in spiral galaxies, this finding poses intriguing questions about the nature of these objects, the knowledge of the development of relativistic jets, and the evolution of radio-loud AGN. In this context, the study of the radio-loud NLSy1 from radio to gamma-rays has received increasing attention. Here we discuss the radio-...

  19. The first gamma-ray detection of the narrow-line Seyfert 1 FBQS J1644+2619

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D'Ammando, F; Larsson, J; Giroletti, M

    2015-01-01

    We report the discovery of gamma-ray emission from the narrow-line Seyfert 1 (NLSy1) galaxy FBQS J1644+2619 by the Large Area Telescope on board the Fermi satellite. The Third Fermi LAT Source catalogue reports an unidentified gamma-ray source, detected over the first four years of Fermi operation, 0.23 deg from the radio position of the NLSy1. Analysing 76 months of gamma-ray data (2008 August 4-2014 December 31) we are able to better constrain the localization of the gamma-ray source. The new position of the gamma-ray source is 0.05 deg from FBQS J1644+2619, suggesting a spatial association with the NLSy1. This is the sixth NLSy1 detected at high significance by Fermi-LAT so far. Notably, a significant increase of activity was observed in gamma-rays from FBQS J1644+2619 during 2012 July-October, and an increase of activity in V-band was detected by the Catalina Real-Time Sky Survey in the same period.

  20. Identification of a New $\\gamma$-ray-emitting narrow-line Seyfert 1 Galaxy, at Redshift $\\sim1$

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Su; Zhou, Hongyan; Komossa, S; Zhang, Jin; Qiao, Erlin; Liu, Bifang

    2015-01-01

    We report on the identification of a new $\\gamma$-ray-emitting narrow-line Seyfert 1 (NLS1) galaxy, SDSS J122222.55+041315.7, which increases the number of known objects of this remarkable but rare type of active galactic nuclei (AGN) to seven. Its optical spectrum, obtained in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey-Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey, reveals a broad H $\\beta$ emission line with a width (FWHM) of 1734$\\pm$104 km s$^{-1}$. This, along with strong optical Fe II multiplets [$R_{4570}=0.9$] and a weak [O III] $\\lambda 5007$ emission line, makes the object a typical NLS1. On the other hand, the source exhibits a high radio brightness temperature, rapid infrared variability, and a flat X-ray spectrum extending up to $\\sim$200 keV. It is associated with a luminous $\\gamma$-ray source detected significantly with {\\it Fermi}/LAT. Correlated variability with other wavebands has not yet been tested. The spectral energy distribution can be well modelled by a one-zone leptonic jet model. This new member is by ...

  1. The host galaxy of the gamma-ray narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxy 1H 0323+342

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    León Tavares, J.; Chavushyan, V.; Puerari, I.; Patiño-Alvarez, V.; Carramiñana, A.; Carrasco, L.; Guichard, J.; Olguín-Iglesias, A.; Valdes, J. [Instituto Nacional de Astrofísica Óptica y Electrónica (INAOE), Apartado Postal 51 y 216, 72000 Puebla (Mexico); Kotilainen, J. [Finnish Centre for Astronomy with ESO (FINCA), University of Turku, Väisäläntie 20, FI-21500 Piikkiö (Finland); Añorve, C. [Facultad de Ciencias de la Tierra y del Espacio (FACITE) de la Universidad Autónoma de Sinaloa, Blvd. de la Americas y Av. Universitarios S/N, Ciudad Universitaria, C.P. 80010, Culiacán Sinaloa (Mexico); Cruz-González, I. [Instituto de Astronomía, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ap. 70-264, 04510 DF (Mexico); Antón, S. [Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía-CSIC, E-18008 Granada (Spain); Karhunen, K.; Sanghvi, J., E-mail: leon.tavares@inaoep.mx [Tuorla Observatory, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Turku, FI-20100 Turku (Finland)

    2014-11-01

    We present optical and near-infrared (NIR) imaging data of the radio-loud, narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxy 1H 0323+342, which shows intense and variable gamma-ray activity discovered by the Fermi satellite with the Large Area Telescope. Near-infrared and optical images are used to investigate the structural properties of the host galaxy of 1H 0323+342; this together with optical spectroscopy allows us to examine its black hole mass. Based on two-dimensional (2D) multiwavelength surface-brightness modeling, we find that statistically, the best model fit is a combination of a nuclear component and a Sérsic profile (n ? 2.8). However, the presence of a disk component (with a small bulge n ? 1.2) also remains a possibility and cannot be ruled out with the present data. Although at first glance a spiral-arm-like structure is revealed in our images, a 2D Fourier analysis of the imagery suggests that this structure corresponds to an asymmetric ring, likely associated with a recent violent dynamical interaction. We discuss our results in the context of relativistic jet production and galaxy evolution.

  2. Narrow gap laser welding

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Milewski, J.O.; Sklar, E.

    1998-06-02

    A laser welding process including: (a) using optical ray tracing to make a model of a laser beam and the geometry of a joint to be welded; (b) adjusting variables in the model to choose variables for use in making a laser weld; and (c) laser welding the joint to be welded using the chosen variables. 34 figs.

  3. Narrow gap laser welding

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Milewski, John O. (Santa Fe, NM); Sklar, Edward (Santa Fe, NM)

    1998-01-01

    A laser welding process including: (a) using optical ray tracing to make a model of a laser beam and the geometry of a joint to be welded; (b) adjusting variables in the model to choose variables for use in making a laser weld; and (c) laser welding the joint to be welded using the chosen variables.

  4. A narrow "peanut" pentaquark

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dmitri Melikhov

    2005-01-19

    We analyse the decay $\\Theta_s(1/2^+)\\to NK$ in a non-relativistic Fock space description using three and five constituent quarks for the nucleon and the pentaquark, respectively. Following Jaffe and Wilczek \\cite{jw}, we assume that quark-quark correlations in spin-zero state play an important role for the pentaquark internal structure. Within this scenario, a strong dynamical suppression of the decay width is shown to be possible only if the pentaquark has an asymmetric "peanut" structure with the strange antiquark in the center and the two extended composite diquarks rotating around. In this case a decay width of $\\simeq$ 1 MeV may be a natural possibility.

  5. A narrow "peanut" pentaquark

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melikhov, D

    2005-01-01

    We analyse the decay $\\Theta_s(1/2^+)\\to NK$ in a non-relativistic Fock space description using three and five constituent quarks for the nucleon and the pentaquark, respectively. Following Jaffe and Wilczek \\cite{jw}, we assume that quark-quark correlations in spin-zero state play an important role for the pentaquark internal structure. Within this scenario, a strong dynamical suppression of the decay width is shown to be possible only if the pentaquark has an asymmetric "peanut" structure with the strange antiquark in the center and the two extended composite diquarks rotating around. In this case a decay width of $\\simeq$ 1 MeV may be a natural possibility.

  6. ORIGINAL ARTICLE How adaptations of substrate utilization regulate body

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , other conditions of altered body composition, such as anorexia nervosa and cachexia, have the challenge

  7. Turning Maneuvers in Sharks: Predicting Body Curvature From Axial Morphology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Long Jr., John H.

    for the vertebral column in providing the passive mechanical properties of the body that control, in part, body; body curvature; morphology; vertebral column INTRODUCTION During swimming in fish-like craniates, body, University of California, Irvine, California, 92697-2525 ABSTRACT Given the diversity of vertebral morpholo

  8. Quantum Chaos and the Black Body Radiation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giulio Casati

    2000-11-16

    We discuss a mechanical model which mimics the main features of the radiation matter interaction in the black body problem. The pure classical dynamical evolution, with a simple discretization of the action variables, leads to the Stefan- Boltzmann law and to the Planck distribution without any additional statistical assumption.

  9. PML nuclear bodies: dynamic sensors of DNA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dellaire, Graham

    the major structural component of the PML NB is the PML protein, the nuclear antigen Sp100, a major auto (PODs) to describe these bodies.(10) PML and Sp100 are founding members of a large family of proteinsEssays 26.9 963 Programme in Cell Biology, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada Funding

  10. EVOLUTION OF THE CONTROL OF BODY TEMPERATURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bennett, Albert F.

    , is limited by the maximal oxygen consumption of an animal. If the demand for energy exceeds that which can in endotherms at relatively high levels. In this paper, I wish to discuss Comparative Physiology: Life in Water temperatures? Do animals necessarily have increased speed and stamina with increasing body temperatures

  11. Coulomb Effects in Few-Body Reactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Deltuva

    2010-02-18

    The method of screening and renormalization is used to include the Coulomb interaction between the charged particles in the momentum-space description of three- and four-body nuclear reactions. The necessity for the renormalization of the scattering amplitudes and the reliability of the method is demonstrated. The Coulomb effect on observables is discussed.

  12. The Lost Soul of the Body Politic 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chupp, Jesse

    2012-07-16

    conception of the state changed from one of a natural organic unity of diverse corporate members to a consent-based compact among atomized individuals. This change can be traced in the Body Politic metaphor of four authors: John of Salisbury, Christine de...

  13. 3D tracking via body radio reflections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kabelac, Zachary (Zachary E.)

    2014-01-01

    This thesis presents WiTrack, a system that tracks the 3D motion of a user from the radio signals reflected off her body. It works even if the person is occluded from the WiTrack device or in a different room. WiTrack does ...

  14. Optimal Smoothing for N-Body Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Merritt

    1996-02-01

    In any collisionless N-body code, there is an optimal choice for the smoothing parameter that minimizes the average error in the force evaluations. We show how to compute the optimal softening length in a direct-summation code and demonstrate that it varies roughly as 1/N^(1/3).

  15. On Static n-body Configurations in Relativity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robert Beig; Richard M. Schoen

    2009-03-08

    The static n-body problem of General Relativity states that there are, under a reasonable energy condition, no static $n$-body configurations for $n > 1$, provided the configuration of the bodies satisfies a suitable separation condition. In this paper we solve this problem in the case that there exists a closed, noncompact, totally geodesic surface disjoint from the bodies. This covers the situation where the configuration has a reflection symmetry across a noncompact surface disjoint from the bodies.

  16. CPSC 505 Assignment 5 Solutions a) The direct irradiance on plane 1 is E0 cos . A fraction, , of E2, the total irradiance on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woodham, Robert J.

    CPSC 505 Assignment 5 Solutions a) The direct irradiance on plane 1 is E0 cos . A fraction, , of E2, the total irradiance on plane 2, is reflected. Exactly half of this contributes via inter-reflection to E1, the total irradiance on plane 1. Thus, E1 = E0 cos + 1/2 E2 Similarly, the direct irradiance on plane 2

  17. Investigation of Turbulent transition in plane Couette flows Using Energy Gradient Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hua-Shu Dou; Boo Cheong Khoo

    2010-06-07

    The energy gradient method has been proposed with the aim of better understanding the mechanism of flow transition from laminar flow to turbulent flow. In this method, it is demonstrated that the transition to turbulence depends on the relative magnitudes of the transverse gradient of the total mechanical energy which amplifies the disturbance and the energy loss from viscous friction which damps the disturbance, for given imposed disturbance. For a given flow geometry and fluid properties, when the maximum of the function K (a function standing for the ratio of the gradient of total mechanical energy in the transverse direction to the rate of energy loss due to viscous friction in the streamwise direction) in the flow field is larger than a certain critical value, it is expected that instability would occur for some initial disturbances. In this paper, using the energy gradient analysis, the equation for calculating the energy gradient function K for plane Couette flow is derived. The result indicates that K reaches the maximum at the moving walls. Thus, the fluid layer near the moving wall is the most dangerous position to generate initial oscillation at sufficient high Re for given same level of normalized perturbation in the domain. The critical value of K at turbulent transition, which is observed from experiments, is about 370 for plane Couette flow when two walls move in opposite directions (anti-symmetry). This value is about the same as that for plane Poiseuille flow and pipe Poiseuille flow (385-389). Therefore, it is concluded that the critical value of K at turbulent transition is about 370-389 for wall-bounded parallel shear flows which include both pressure (symmetrical case) and shear driven flows (anti-symmetrical case).

  18. Albatross's Effortless Flight Decoded--May Influence Future Planes Birds can glide thousands of miles without flapping..

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    South Bohemia, University of

    of applying lessons from evolution to engineering is known as biomimicry, or biomimetics. Janine Benyus incredibly sensitive sensors on our future planes," said Benyus, author of Biomimicry: Innovation Inspired

  19. Time Delay Integration and In-Pixel Spatiotemporal Filtering Using a Nanoscale Digital CMOS Focal Plane Readout

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tyrrell, Brian M.

    A digital focal plane array (DFPA) architecture has been developed that incorporates per-pixel full-dynamic-range analog-to-digital conversion and orthogonal-transfer-based realtime digital signal processing capability. ...

  20. Precision in-plane hand assembly of bulk microfabricated components for high-voltage MEMS arrays applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akinwande, Akintunde Ibitayo

    This paper reports the design and experimental validation of an in-plane assembly method for centimeter-scale bulk-microfabricated components. The method uses mesoscaled deep-reactive-ion-etching (DRIE)-patterned cantilevers ...

  1. Body composition and body mass index in 5-year-old children

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogg, Elizabeth (Betsy)

    2013-05-31

    have compared BMI-for-age percentiles to more valid means of measuring body fat in children such as dual energy x- ray absorptiometry (DXA), bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), computerized axial tomography (CT), underwater weighing...

  2. Body-form and body-pose recognition with a hierarchical model of the ventral stream

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Heejung

    2013-06-18

    When learning to recognize a novel body shape, e.g., a panda bear, we are not misled by changes in its pose. A "jumping panda bear" is readily recognized, despite having no prior visual experience with the conjunction of ...

  3. The Three-String Vertex for a Plane-Wave Background

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John H. Schwarz

    2003-12-23

    The three string vertex for Type IIB superstrings in a maximally supersymmetric plane-wave background can be constructed in a light-cone gauge string field theory formalism. The detailed formula contains certain Neumann coefficients, which are functions of a momentum fraction y and a mass parameter \\mu. This paper reviews the derivation of useful explicit expressions for these Neumann coefficients generalizing flat-space (\\mu = 0) results obtained long ago. These expressions are then used to explore the large \\mu asymptotic behavior, which is required for comparison with dual perturbative gauge theory results. The asymptotic formulas, exact up to exponentially small corrections, turn out to be surprisingly simple.

  4. Energy of gravitational radiation in plane-symmetric space-times

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sean A. Hayward

    2008-05-19

    Gravitational radiation in plane-symmetric space-times can be encoded in a complex potential, satisfying a non-linear wave equation. An effective energy tensor for the radiation is given, taking a scalar-field form in terms of the potential, entering the field equations in the same way as the matter energy tensor. It reduces to the Isaacson energy tensor in the linearized, high-frequency approximation. An energy conservation equation is derived for a quasi-local energy, essentially the Hawking energy. A transverse pressure exerted by interacting low-frequency gravitational radiation is predicted.

  5. Large Lagrangian Actions on Elliptical Solutions of 2-Body and 3-Body Problems with Fixed Energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ying Lv; Shiqing Zhang

    2011-12-04

    Based on the works of Gordon ([4]) and Zhang-Zhou([8])) on the variational minimizing properties for Keplerian orbits and Lagrangian solutions of Newtonian 2-body and 3-body problems, we use the constrained variational principle of Ambrosetti-Coti Zelati ([1]) to compute the Lagrangian actions on Keplerian and Lagrangian elliptical solutions with fixed energies, we also find an interesting relationship between period and energy for Lagrangian elliptical solutions with Newtonian potentials.

  6. Spin transfer switching in current-perpendicular-to-plane spin valve observed by magneto-optical Kerr effect using visible light

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Otani, Yoshichika

    Spin transfer switching in current-perpendicular-to-plane spin valve observed by magneto-perpendicular-to-plane spin-valve device. The device consists of three spin-valve elements, each of which comprises-perpendicular-to- plane CPP spin-valve device has been directly observed by using a time resolved x-ray microscopy7 while

  7. TARSHA-KURDI, F., LANDES, T., GRUSSENMEYER, P., (2008). Extended RANSAC algorithm for automatic detection of building roof planes from Lidar data.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    2008-01-01

    detection of building roof planes from Lidar data. The Photogrammetric Journal of Finland. Vol. 21, n°1, 2008, pp.97-109. EXTENDED RANSAC ALGORITHM FOR AUTOMATIC DETECTION OF BUILDING ROOF PLANES FROM LIDAR the detection of 3D building roof planes are of crucial importance. For this purpose, this paper studies

  8. Phase-field simulation of electric-field-induced in-plane magnetic domain switching in magnetic/ferroelectric layered heterostructures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Long-Qing

    Phase-field simulation of electric-field-induced in-plane magnetic domain switching in magnetic://jap.aip.org/about/rights_and_permissions #12;Phase-field simulation of electric-field-induced in-plane magnetic domain switching in magnetic; published online 22 June 2011) The electric-field-induced in-plane magnetic domain switching in magnetic

  9. Orthogonality in the Hyperbolic Plane Domingo Gmez1 Miguel Pasadas1 Rafael Prez1 Ceferino Ruiz2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruiz, Ceferino

    / r uiz/ softwar e.htm [1] H .S.M . Coxet er , Fundament os de geomet r¶³a, Limusa-W iley, S.A . M . Pasadas, R. P¶erez, C. Ruiz, H yper bolic Plane Tesselations. Proc- cedings of t he V I Journµees Zaragoza, R. P¶erez, C. R uiz, T he Lam bert quadr ilateral and tes- selations in the hyper bolic plane. Int

  10. Quick assessment of the fault plane, for the recent event in Southern Greece (14 February 2008, Mw 6.9)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    Quick assessment of the fault plane, for the recent event in Southern Greece (14 February 2008, Mw.org/index.php?page=current&sub=recent&evt=20080106_GREECE), we issue a quick assessment of the fault plane for the most recent Mw6.9 earthquake in Southern Greece (20080214 at 10:09:23 UTC). Using hypocenter (H) from manual P and Swave picks from 14

  11. Towards the million body problem on the computer - no news since the three-body problem?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Spurzem; A. Kugel

    1999-06-08

    Astrophysical Challenges which demand the solution of the one million (or more) gravitating body problem are briefly discussed for the fields of cosmology, galactic nuclei and globular star clusters. Results from the classical three-body problem are to be combined with methods of statistical mechanics or thermodynamics in order to provide a reasonable model for astrophysically relevant particle numbers of the order 10**4-10**8. For high-precision modelling of star clusters and galactic nuclei over the required hundreds and thousands of crossing times specially tailored ``brute-force'' N-body integration methods are used together with special purpose hardware. A recent implementation of such code on a general purpose parallel computer is presented. After a comparison of the relevance of different N-body algorithms a new concept for a more flexible customized special purpose computer based on a combination of GRAPE and FPGA is proposed. It is an ideal machine for all kinds of N-body simulations using neighbour schemes, as the Ahmad-Cohen direct N-body codes and smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) for systems including interstellar gas dynamics.

  12. Quantum mechanics of a generalised rigid body

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben Gripaios; Dave Sutherland

    2015-04-06

    We consider the quantum version of Arnold's generalisation of a rigid body in classical mechanics. Thus, we quantise the motion on an arbitrary Lie group manifold of a particle whose classical trajectories correspond to the geodesics of any one-sided-invariant metric. We show how the derivation of the spectrum of energy eigenstates can be simplified by making use of automorphisms of the Lie algebra and (for groups of Type I) by methods of harmonic analysis. As examples, we consider all connected and simply-connected Lie groups up to dimension 3. This includes the universal cover of the archetypical rigid body, along with a number of new exactly-solvable models. We also discuss a possible application to the topical problem of quantising a perfect fluid.

  13. Optical pumping into many-body entanglement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaeyoon Cho; Sougato Bose; M. S. Kim

    2011-01-16

    We propose a scheme of optical pumping by which a system of atoms coupled to harmonic oscillators is driven to an entangled steady state through the atomic spontaneous emission. It is shown that the optical pumping can be tailored so that the many-body atomic state asymptotically reaches an arbitrary stabilizer state regardless of the initial state. The proposed scheme can be suited to various physical systems. In particular, the ion-trap realization is well within current technology.

  14. Body Composition in Early Alzheimer's Disease

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burns, Jeffrey M.

    2009-01-09

    performance) to 57 (best performance). 9 Neuropsychological Assessment: A trained psychometrician administered a standard psychometric battery to all participants as previously described. 14-16 The battery included standard measures of memory (WMS... total body lean mass (in kg) by the square of height (m 2 ). Neuroimaging: Structural MRI was obtained on all participants using a Siemens 3.0 Tesla Allegra MRI scanner at the Hoglund Brain Imaging Center. High-resolution T1- weighted anatomic...

  15. Verification of theoretically computed spectra for a point rotating in a vertical plane

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Powell, D.C.; Connell, J.R.; George, R.L.

    1985-03-01

    A theoretical model is modified and tested that produces the power spectrum of the alongwind component of turbulence as experienced by a point rotating in a vertical plane perpendicular to the mean wind direction. The ability to generate such a power spectrum, independent of measurement, is important in wind turbine design and testing. The radius of the circle of rotation, its height above the ground, and the rate of rotation are typical for those for a MOD-OA wind turbine. Verification of this model is attempted by comparing two sets of variances that correspond to individual harmonic bands of spectra of turbulence in the rotational frame. One set of variances is calculated by integrating the theoretically generated rotational spectra; the other is calculated by integrating rotational spectra from real data analysis. The theoretical spectrum is generated by Fourier transformation of an autocorrelation function taken from von Karman and modified for the rotational frame. The autocorrelation is based on dimensionless parameters, each of which incorporates both atmospheric and wind turbine parameters. The real data time series are formed by sampling around the circle of anemometers of the Vertical Plane Array at the former MOD-OA site at Clayton, New Mexico.

  16. Assessment of approximate computational methods for conical intersections and branching plane vectors in organic molecules

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nikiforov, Alexander; Gamez, Jose A.; Thiel, Walter; Huix-Rotllant, Miquel; Filatov, Michael

    2014-09-28

    Quantum-chemical computational methods are benchmarked for their ability to describe conical intersections in a series of organic molecules and models of biological chromophores. Reference results for the geometries, relative energies, and branching planes of conical intersections are obtained using ab initio multireference configuration interaction with single and double excitations (MRCISD). They are compared with the results from more approximate methods, namely, the state-interaction state-averaged restricted ensemble-referenced Kohn-Sham method, spin-flip time-dependent density functional theory, and a semiempirical MRCISD approach using an orthogonalization-corrected model. It is demonstrated that these approximate methods reproduce the ab initio reference data very well, with root-mean-square deviations in the optimized geometries of the order of 0.1 Å or less and with reasonable agreement in the computed relative energies. A detailed analysis of the branching plane vectors shows that all currently applied methods yield similar nuclear displacements for escaping the strong non-adiabatic coupling region near the conical intersections. Our comparisons support the use of the tested quantum-chemical methods for modeling the photochemistry of large organic and biological systems.

  17. The plane strain shear fracture of the advanced high strength steels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sun, Li

    2013-12-16

    The “shear fracture” which occurs at the high-curvature die radii in the sheet metal forming has been reported to remarkably limit the application of the advanced high strength steels (AHSS) in the automobile industry. However, this unusual fracture behavior generally cannot be predicted by the traditional forming limit diagram (FLD). In this research, a new experimental system was developed in order to simulate the shear fracture, especially at the plane strain state which is the most common state in the auto-industry and difficult to achieve in the lab due to sample size. Furthermore, the system has the capability to operate in a strain rate range from quasi-static state to the industrial forming state. One kinds of AHSS, Quenching-Partitioning (QP) steels have been performed in this test and the results show that the limiting fracture strain is related to the bending ratio and strain rate. The experimental data support that deformation-induced heating is an important cause of “shear fracture” phenomena for AHSS: a deformation-induced quasi-heating caused by smaller bending ratio and high strain rate produce a smaller limiting plane strain and lead a “shear fracture” in the component.

  18. The JCMT Plane Survey: early results from the l = 30 degree field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, T J T; Thompson, M A; Parsons, H; Urquhart, J S; Eden, D J; Dempsey, J T; Morgan, L K; Thomas, H S; Buckle, J; Brunt, C M; Butner, H; Carretero, D; Chrysostomou, A; deVilliers, H M; Fich, M; Hoare, M G; Manser, G; Mottram, J C; Natario, C; Olguin, F; Peretto, N; Polychroni, D; Redman, R O; Rigby, A J; Salji, C; Summers, L J; Berry, D; Currie, M J; Jenness, T; Pestalozzi, M; Traficante, A; Bastien, P; diFrancesco, J; Davis, C J; Evans, A; Friberg, P; Fuller, G A; Gibb, A G; Gibson, S J; Hill, T; Johnstone, D; Joncas, G; Longmore, S N; Lumsden, S L; Martin, P G; Luong, Q Nguyen; Pineda, J E; Purcell, C; Richer, J S; Schieven, G H; Shipman, R; Spaans, M; Taylor, A R; Viti, S; Weferling, B; White, G J; Zhu, M

    2015-01-01

    We present early results from the JCMT Plane Survey (JPS), which has surveyed the northern inner Galactic plane between longitudes l=7 and l=63 degrees in the 850-{\\mu}m continuum with SCUBA-2, as part of the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope Legacy Survey programme. Data from the l=30 degree survey region, which contains the massive star-forming regions W43 and G29.96, are analysed after approximately 40% of the observations had been completed. The pixel-to-pixel noise is found to be 19 mJy/beam, after a smooth over the beam area, and the projected equivalent noise levels in the final survey are expected to be around 10 mJy/beam. An initial extraction of compact sources was performed using the FellWalker method resulting in the detection of 1029 sources above a 5-{\\sigma} surface-brightness threshold. The completeness limits in these data are estimated to be around 0.2 Jy/beam (peak flux density) and 0.8 Jy (integrated flux density) and are therefore probably already dominated by source confusion in this relativ...

  19. Discovery of a GeV Blazar Shining Through the Galactic Plane

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vandenbroucke, J.; Buehler, R.; Ajello, M.; Bechtol, K.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /SLAC; Bellini, A.; /Padua U., Astron. Dept. /Baltimore, Space Telescope Sci.; Bolte, M.; /UC, Santa Cruz; Cheung, C.C.; /Naval Research Lab, Wash., D.C. /NAS, Washington, D.C.; Civano, F.; /Smithsonian Astrophys. Observ.; Donato, D.; /NASA, Goddard; Fuhrmann, L.; /Bonn, Max Planck Inst., Radioastron.; Funk, S.; Healey, S.E.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /SLAC; Hill, A.B.; /Joseph Fourier U.; Knigge, C.; /Southampton U.; Madejski, G.M.; Romani, R.W.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /SLAC; Santander-Garcia, M.; /IAC, La Laguna /Isaac Newton Group /Laguna U., Tenerife; Shaw, M.S.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /SLAC; Steeghs, D.; /Warwick U.; Torres, M.A.P.; /Smithsonian Astrophys. Observ.; Van Etten, A.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park /SLAC /Texas U., Astron. Dept.

    2011-08-11

    The Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) discovered a new gamma-ray source near the Galactic plane, Fermi J0109+6134, when it flared brightly in 2010 February. The low Galactic latitude (b = -1.2{sup o}) indicated that the source could be located within the Galaxy, which motivated rapid multi-wavelength follow-up including radio, optical, and X-ray observations. We report the results of analyzing all 19 months of LAT data for the source, and of X-ray observations with both Swift and the Chandra X-ray Observatory. We determined the source redshift, z = 0.783, using a Keck LRIS observation. Finally, we compiled a broadband spectral energy distribution (SED) from both historical and new observations contemporaneous with the 2010 February flare. The redshift, SED, optical line width, X-ray obsorption, and multi-band variability indicate that this new Gev source is a blazar seen through the Galactic plane. Because several of the optical emission lines have equivalent width > 5 {angstrom}, this blazar belongs in the flat-spectrum radio quasar category.

  20. Building America Case Study: Measure Guideline: Guidance on Taped Insulating Sheathing Drainage Planes (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-11-01

    This guide provides information and recommendations to the following groups: Insulation contractors, General contractors, Builders, Home remodelers, Mechanical contractors, and Homeowners as a guide to the work that needs to be done. The order of work completed during home construction and retrofit improvements is important. Health and safety issues must be addressed first and are more important than durability issues. And durability issues are more important than saving energy. Not all techniques can apply to all houses. Special conditions will require special action. Some builders or homeowners will wish to do more than the important but basic retrofit strategies outlined by this guide. The following are best practice and product recommendations from the interviewed contractors and home builders who collectively have a vast amount of experience. Three significant items were discussed with the group which are required to make taped insulating sheathing a simple, long term, and durable drainage plane: 4. Horizontal joints should be limited or eliminated wherever possible 5. Where a horizontal joint exists use superior materials 6. Frequent installation inspection and regular trade training are required to maintain proper installation Section 5 of this measure guideline contains the detailed construction procedure for the three recommended methods to effectively seal the joints in exterior insulating sheathing to create a simple, long term, and durable drainage plane.

  1. Power spectrum analysis of polarized emission from the Canadian galactic plane survey

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stutz, R. A.; Rosolowsky, E. W. [University of British Columbia Okanagan, 3333 University Way, Kelowna BC, V1V 1V7 (Canada); Kothes, R.; Landecker, T. L. [National Research Council Canada, Dominion Radio Astrophysical Observatory, Box 248, Penticton, BC, V2A 6J9 (Canada)

    2014-05-20

    Angular power spectra are calculated and presented for the entirety of the Canadian Galactic Plane Survey polarization data set at 1.4 GHz covering an area of 1060 deg{sup 2}. The data analyzed are a combination of data from the 100 m Effelsberg Telescope, the 26 m Telescope at the Dominion Radio Astrophysical Observatory, and the Synthesis Telescope at the Dominion Radio Astrophysical Observatory, allowing all scales to be sampled down to arcminute resolution. The resulting power spectra cover multipoles from ? ? 60 to ? ? 10{sup 4} and display both a power-law component at low multipoles and a flattening at high multipoles from point sources. We fit the power spectrum with a model that accounts for these components and instrumental effects. The resulting power-law indices are found to have a mode of 2.3, similar to previous results. However, there are significant regional variations in the index, defying attempts to characterize the emission with a single value. The power-law index is found to increase away from the Galactic plane. A transition from small-scale to large-scale structure is evident at b = 9°, associated with the disk-halo transition in a 15° region around l = 108°. Localized variations in the index are found toward H II regions and supernova remnants, but the interpretation of these variations is inconclusive. The power in the polarized emission is anticorrelated with bright thermal emission (traced by H? emission) indicating that the thermal emission depolarizes background synchrotron emission.

  2. Stress-energy tensor in colliding plane wave space-times: An approximation procedure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miquel Dorca

    1997-11-07

    In a recent work on the quantization of a massless scalar field in a particular colliding plane wave space-time, we computed the vacuum expectation value of the stress-energy tensor on the physical state which corresponds to the Minkowski vacuum before the collision of the waves. We did such a calculation in a region close to both the Killing-Cauchy horizon and the folding singularities that such a space-time contains. In the present paper, we give a suitable approximation procedure to compute this expectation value, in the conformal coupling case, throughout the causal past of the center of the collision. This will allow us to approximately study the evolution of such an expectation value from the beginning of the collision until the formation of the Killing-Cauchy horizon. We start with a null expectation value before the arrival of the waves, which then acquires nonzero values at the beginning of the collision and grows unbounded towards the Killing-Cauchy horizon. The value near the horizon is compatible with our previous result, which means that such an approximation may be applied to other colliding plane wave space-times. Even with this approximation, the initial modes propagated into the interaction region contain a function which cannot be calculated exactly and to ensure the correct regularization of the stress-energy tensor with the point-splitting technique, this function must be given up to adiabatic order four of approximation.

  3. The Fundamental Plane of Early Type Galaxies in Nearby Clusters from the WINGS Database

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. D'Onofrio; G. Fasano; J. Varela; D. Bettoni; M. Moles; P. Kjaergaard; E. Pignatelli; B. Poggianti; D. Dressler; A. Cava; J. Fritz; W. J. Couch; A. Omizzolo

    2008-06-27

    By exploting the data of three large surveys (WINGS, NFPS and SDSS), we present here a comparative analysis of the Fundamental Plane (FP hereafter) of the early-type galaxies (ETGs) belonging to 59 galaxy clusters in the redshift range $0.04kinematic variables, the coefficients of the FP are strongly influenced by a number of things, mainly related to the distribution of photometric/kinematic properties of galaxies in the particular sample under analysis. For instance, the $a$ coefficient derived for the whole sample of ETGs, turns out to decrease when faint galaxies are progressively removed from the sample, suggesting that bright and faint ETGs have systematically different FPs, likely because of different mechanisms of galaxy formation. In general, by comparing mock cluster samples with the real one, we conclude that the observed variances of the FP coefficients cannot be attributed just to statistical uncertainties. We speculate that the FP is actually a bent surface, which is approximated by different planes when different selection criteria, either chosen or induced by observations, are acting to define galaxies samples. We also find ...

  4. The size of the narrow-line-emitting region in the Seyfert 1 galaxy NGC 5548 from emission-line variability

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peterson, B. M.; Denney, K. D.; De Rosa, G.; Grier, C. J.; Pogge, R. W.; Kochanek, C. S. [Department of Astronomy, The Ohio State University, 140 W 18th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States); Bentz, M. C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Georgia State University, 25 Park Place, Suite 610, Atlanta, GA 30303 (United States); Vestergaard, M.; Kilerci-Eser, E. [Dark Cosmology Centre, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Juliane Maries Vej 30, DK-2100 Copenhagen (Denmark); Dalla Bontà, E.; Ciroi, S. [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia "G. Galilei," Università di Padova, Vicolo dell'Osservatorio 3 I-35122, Padova (Italy)

    2013-12-20

    The narrow [O III] ??4959, 5007 emission-line fluxes in the spectrum of the well-studied Seyfert 1 galaxy NGC 5548 are shown to vary with time. From this we show that the narrow-line-emitting region has a radius of only 1-3 pc and is denser (n {sub e} ? 10{sup 5} cm{sup –3}) than previously supposed. The [O III] line width is consistent with virial motions at this radius given previous determinations of the black hole mass. Since the [O III] emission-line flux is usually assumed to be constant and is therefore used to calibrate spectroscopic monitoring data, the variability has ramifications for the long-term secular variations of continuum and emission-line fluxes, though it has no effect on shorter-term reverberation studies. We present corrected optical continuum and broad H? emission-line light curves for the period 1988-2008.

  5. {ital In} {ital situ} x-ray diffraction analysis of the C49--C54 titanium silicide phase transformation in narrow lines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roy, R.A.; Clevenger, L.A.; Cabral, C. Jr.; Saenger, K.L.; Brauer, S.; Jordan-Sweet, J.; Bucchignano, J.; Stephenson, G.B.; Morales, G.; Ludwig, K.F. Jr.

    1995-04-03

    The transformation of titanium silicide from the C49 to the C54 structure was studied using x-ray diffraction of samples containing arrays of narrow lines of preformed C49 TiSi{sub 2}. Using a synchrotron x-ray source, diffraction patterns were collected at 1.5--2 {degree}C intervals during sample heating at rates of 3 or 20 {degree}C/s to temperatures of 1000--1100 {degree}C. The results show a monotonic increase in the C54 transition temperature by as much as 180 {degree}C with a decreasing linewidth from 1.0 to 0.1 {mu}m. Also observed is a monotonic increase in (040) preferred orientation of the C54 phase with decreasing linewidth. The results demonstrate the power of {ital in} {ital situ} x-ray diffraction of narrow line arrays as a tool to study finite size effects in thin-film reactions.

  6. The Origin of Double-Peaked Narrow Lines in Active Galactic Nuclei I: Very Large Array Detections of Dual AGNs and AGN Outflows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Müller-Sanchez, Francisco; Nevin, Rebecca; Barrows, R Scott; Cooper, Michael C; Greene, Jenny E

    2015-01-01

    We have examined a subset of 18 active galactic nuclei (AGNs) drawn from a sample of 81 galaxies that possess double-peaked narrow optical emission line spectra in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, have two optical AGN emission components separated by >0.2", and are detected in the Faint Images of the Radio Sky at Twenty-centimeters survey. Without follow-up observations, the sources of the double-peaked narrow emission lines are uncertain, and may be produced by kpc-scale separation dual active supermassive black holes, AGN outflows, or disk rotation. In this work, we propose a new methodology to characterize double-peaked narrow emission-line galaxies based on optical long-slit spectroscopy and high resolution multi-band Very Large Array observations. The nature of the radio emission in the sample galaxies is varied. Of the 18 galaxies, we detect two compact flat-spectrum radio cores with projected spatial separations on the sky between 0.6-1.6 kpc in three galaxies: J1023+3243, J1158+3231, and J1623+0808. The ...

  7. Two-body and Three-body Contacts for Identical Bosons near Unitarity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Hudson Smith; Eric Braaten; Daekyoung Kang; Lucas Platter

    2014-06-27

    In a recent experiment with ultracold trapped Rb-85 atoms, Makotyn et al. have studied a quantum-degenerate Bose gas in the unitary limit where its scattering length is infinitely large. We show that the observed momentum distributions are compatible with a universal relation that expresses the high-momentum tail in terms of the 2-body and the 3-body contacts. We determine the 2- and 3-body contact densities for the unitary Bose gas with number density n to be approximately 20n^{4/3} and 2n^{5/3}, respectively. We also show that the observed atom loss rate is compatible with that from 3-atom inelastic collisions, which gives a contribution proportional to the 3-body contact, but the loss rate is not compatible with that from 2-atom inelastic collisions, which gives a contribution proportional to the 2-body contact. We point out that the contacts could be measured independently by using the virial theorem near and at unitarity.

  8. Whole body vibration alters proprioception in the trunk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Lu; Lamis, Farhana; Wilson, Sara E.

    2008-01-01

    Occupational whole body vibration has long been associated with low back injuries. However, the mechanism of these injuries is not well understood. In this paper, the effect of whole body vibration on proprioception and dynamic stability...

  9. Three-body Recombination in Bose Gases with Large Scattering...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    with large scattering length is applied to three-body recombination to a weakly bound s -wave state in a Bose gas. Our model independent analysis demonstrates that the three-body...

  10. Using gaps in N-body tidal streams to probe missing satellites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ngan, W. H. W.; Carlberg, R. G., E-mail: ngan@astro.utoronto.ca [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S3H4 (Canada)

    2014-06-20

    We use N-body simulations to model the tidal disruption of a star cluster in a Milky-Way-sized dark matter halo, which results in a narrow stream comparable to (but slightly wider than) Pal-5 or GD-1. The mean Galactic dark matter halo is modeled by a spherical Navarro-Frenk-White potential with subhalos predicted by the ?CDM cosmological model. The distribution and mass function of the subhalos follow the results from the Aquarius simulation. We use a matched filter approach to look for 'gaps' in tidal streams at 12 length scales from 0.1 kpc to 5 kpc, which appear as characteristic dips in the linear densities along the streams. We find that, in addition to the subhalos' perturbations, the epicyclic overdensities (EOs) due to the coherent epicyclic motions of particles in a stream also produce gap-like signals near the progenitor. We measure the gap spectra—the gap formation rates as functions of gap length—due to both subhalo perturbations and EOs, which have not been accounted for together by previous studies. Finally, we project the simulated streams onto the sky to investigate issues when interpreting gap spectra in observations. In particular, we find that gap spectra from low signal-to-noise observations can be biased by the orbital phase of the stream. This indicates that the study of stream gaps will benefit greatly from high-quality data from future missions.

  11. Seismicity and structure of Akutan and Makushin Volcanoes, Alaska, using joint body and surface wave tomography

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Syracuse, E. M.; Maceira, M.; Zhang, H.; Thurber, C. H.

    2015-02-18

    Joint inversions of seismic data recover models that simultaneously fit multiple constraints while playing upon the strengths of each data type. Here, we jointly invert 14 years of local earthquake body wave arrival times from the Alaska Volcano Observatory catalog and Rayleigh wave dispersion curves based upon ambient noise measurements for local Vp, Vs, and hypocentral locations at Akutan and Makushin Volcanoes using a new joint inversion algorithm.The velocity structure and relocated seismicity of both volcanoes are significantly more complex than many other volcanoes studied using similar techniques. Seismicity is distributed among several areas beneath or beyond the flanks ofmore »both volcanoes, illuminating a variety of volcanic and tectonic features. The velocity structures of the two volcanoes are exemplified by the presence of narrow high-Vp features in the near surface, indicating likely current or remnant pathways of magma to the surface. A single broad low-Vp region beneath each volcano is slightly offset from each summit and centered at approximately 7 km depth, indicating a potential magma chamber, where magma is stored over longer time periods. Differing recovery capabilities of the Vp and Vs datasets indicate that the results of these types of joint inversions must be interpreted carefully.« less

  12. Seismicity and structure of Akutan and Makushin Volcanoes, Alaska, using joint body and surface wave tomography

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Syracuse, E. M.; Maceira, M.; Zhang, H.; Thurber, C. H.

    2015-02-18

    Joint inversions of seismic data recover models that simultaneously fit multiple constraints while playing upon the strengths of each data type. Here, we jointly invert 14 years of local earthquake body wave arrival times from the Alaska Volcano Observatory catalog and Rayleigh wave dispersion curves based upon ambient noise measurements for local Vp, Vs, and hypocentral locations at Akutan and Makushin Volcanoes using a new joint inversion algorithm.The velocity structure and relocated seismicity of both volcanoes are significantly more complex than many other volcanoes studied using similar techniques. Seismicity is distributed among several areas beneath or beyond the flanks of both volcanoes, illuminating a variety of volcanic and tectonic features. The velocity structures of the two volcanoes are exemplified by the presence of narrow high-Vp features in the near surface, indicating likely current or remnant pathways of magma to the surface. A single broad low-Vp region beneath each volcano is slightly offset from each summit and centered at approximately 7 km depth, indicating a potential magma chamber, where magma is stored over longer time periods. Differing recovery capabilities of the Vp and Vs datasets indicate that the results of these types of joint inversions must be interpreted carefully.

  13. Determining sand-body geometries for waterflood reservoirs: Examples from Oklahoma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kreisa, R.D.; Pinero, E. )

    1987-02-01

    Waterflood projects require an accurate knowledge of reservoir geometry and well-to-well continuity. However, sandstones with thin, multiple-pay zones can be extremely difficult to correlate with confidence. Two case studies of Pennsylvanian sandstones in Oklahoma illustrate how a model for the depositional history of such reservoirs can be an effective tool for determining reservoir continuity. In contrast, correlation criteria such as similar wireline log signatures and relative sand-body thicknesses are not reliable in many situations. In Southwest Logan field (Beaver County), 5 to 15-ft thick reservoir sands formed as shallow marine sand ridges. Their dimensions were approximated from height-to-width ratios of modern sand ridges. Then the reservoir sands were mapped using wireline logs and core data. Individual reservoir sands were approximately 1-2 km wide and stacked en echelon vertically. Thus, a line-drive waterflood pattern oriented parallel to the axes of the ridges is recommended. Tatums field (Carter County) consists of 5 to 50-ft thick sandstones deposited in various deltaic environments. Distributary channel sands have good continuity downdip, but are narrow and lenticular across depositional strike. Crevasse splay and other bay-fill sands were deposited marginal to the channels and are extremely discontinuous. This depositional model can be used to improve flood patterns for these sands, leading to improved sweep efficiency. In both examples, for effective mapping, the depositional facies models have been used to register reservoir quality and wireline log signatures.

  14. A priori estimates for relativistic liquid bodies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Todd A. Oliynyk

    2014-12-30

    We demonstrate that a sufficiently smooth solution of the relativistic Euler equations that represents a dynamical compact liquid body, when expressed in Lagrangian coordinates, determines a solution to a system of non-linear wave equations with acoustic boundary conditions. Using this wave formulation, we prove that these solutions satisfy energy estimates without loss of derivatives. Importantly, our wave formulation does not require the liquid to be irrotational, and the energy estimates do not rely on divergence and curl type estimates employed in previous works.

  15. A priori estimates for relativistic liquid bodies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oliynyk, Todd A

    2015-01-01

    We demonstrate that a sufficiently smooth solution of the relativistic Euler equations that represents a dynamical compact liquid body, when expressed in Lagrangian coordinates, determines a solution to a system of non-linear wave equations with acoustic boundary conditions. Using this wave formulation, we prove that these solutions satisfy energy estimates without loss of derivatives. Importantly, our wave formulation does not require the liquid to be irrotational, and the energy estimates do not rely on divergence and curl type estimates employed in previous works.

  16. Bone fragments a body can make

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stout, S.D.; Ross, L.M. Jr. )

    1991-05-01

    Data obtained from various analytical techniques applied to a number of small bone fragments recovered from a crime scene were used to provide evidence for the occurrence of a fatality. Microscopic and histomorphometric analyses confirmed that the fragments were from a human skull. X-ray microanalysis of darkened areas on the bone fragments revealed a chemical signature that matched the chemical signature of a shotgun pellet recovered at the scene of the crime. The above findings supported the deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) fingerprint evidence which, along with other evidence, was used to convict a man for the murder of his wife, even though her body was never recovered.

  17. 136Sn and three body forces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Saha Sarkar; S. Sarkar

    2014-11-10

    New experimental data on 2+ energies of 136,138Sn confirms the trend of lower 2+ excitation energies of even-even tin isotopes with N > 82 compared to those with N 4+)) of these nuclei, simultaneously, apart from one whose matrix elements have been changed empirically to produce mixed seniority states by weakening pairing. We have shown that the experimental result also shows good agreement with the theory in which three body forces have been included in a realistic interaction. The new theoretical results on transition probabilities have been discussed to identify the experimental quantities which will clearly distinguish between different views.

  18. CLASSICAL MECHANICS: THE THREE-BODY PROBLEM ZI CHONG KAO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    May, J. Peter

    CLASSICAL MECHANICS: THE THREE-BODY PROBLEM ZI CHONG KAO Abstract. The Three-Body Problem is one of the oldest unsolved problems of classical mechanics. It arose as a natural extension of the Two-Body Prob of numerous techniques in classical mechan- ics as well as dynamical systems. Understanding the Three

  19. Sampling device with a capped body and detachable handle

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jezek, Gerd-Rainer (Orchard Park, NY)

    2000-01-01

    The apparatus is a sampling device having a pad for sample collection, a body which supports the pad, a detachable handle connected to the body and a cap which encloses and retains the pad and body to protect the integrity of the sample.

  20. Backscatter from the Data Plane --- Threats to Stability and Security in Information-Centric Networking

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vahlenkamp, Matthias Wählisch Thomas C Schmidt Markus

    2012-01-01

    Information-centric networking approaches attract much attention in the ongoing search for a future communication paradigm of the Internet. Replacing the host-to-host connectivity by a data-oriented publish/subscribe service eases content distribution and authentication by concept, while eliminating all threats from unwanted traffic. However, current proposals to content routing heavily rely on data-driven protocol events and thereby introduce a strong coupling of the control to the data plane in the underlying routing infrastructure. In this paper, we analyze in theory and practical experiments threats to the stability and performance of the content distribution system. We discuss new attack vectors present in its current state of development, as well as possibilities and limitations to mitigate them.

  1. Infinite slabs and other weird plane symmetric space-times with constant positive density

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ricardo E. Gamboa Saravi

    2007-09-20

    We present the exact solution of Einstein's equation corresponding to a static and plane symmetric distribution of matter with constant positive density located below $z=0$. This solution depends essentially on two constants: the density $\\rho$ and a parameter $\\kappa$. We show that this space-time finishes down below at an inner singularity at finite depth. We match this solution to the vacuum one and compute the external gravitational field in terms of slab's parameters. Depending on the value of $\\kappa$, these slabs can be attractive, repulsive or neutral. In the first case, the space-time also finishes up above at another singularity. In the other cases, they turn out to be semi-infinite and asymptotically flat when $z\\to\\infty$. We also find solutions consisting of joining an attractive slab and a repulsive one, and two neutral ones. We also discuss how to assemble a "gravitational capacitor" by inserting a slice of vacuum between two such slabs.

  2. Fourier Theory on the Complex Plane I: Conjugate Pairs of Fourier Series and Inner Analytic Functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jorge L. deLyra

    2015-03-24

    A correspondence between arbitrary Fourier series and certain analytic functions on the unit disk of the complex plane is established. The expression of the Fourier coefficients is derived from the structure of complex analysis. The orthogonality and completeness relations of the Fourier basis are derived in the same way. It is shown that the limiting function of any Fourier series is also the limit to the unit circle of an analytic function in the open unit disk. An alternative way to recover the original real functions from the Fourier coefficients, which works even when the Fourier series are divergent, is thus presented. The convergence issues are discussed up to a certain point. Other possible uses of the correspondence established are pointed out.

  3. A plane wave analysis of coherent holographic image reconstruction by phase transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Field, Jeffrey J; Bartels, Randy A

    2015-01-01

    Fluorescent imaging plays a critical role in a myriad of scientific endeavors, particularly in the biological sciences. Three-dimensional imaging of fluorescent intensity often requires serial data acquisition, that is voxel-by-voxel collection of fluorescent light emitted throughout the specimen with a non-imaging single-element detector. While non-imaging fluorescence detection offers some measure of scattering robustness, the rate at which dynamic specimens can be imaged is severely limited. Other fluorescent imaging techniques utilize imaging detection to enhance collection rates. A notable example is light-sheet fluorescence microscopy, also known as selective-plane illumination microscopy (SPIM), which illuminates a large region within the specimen and collects emitted fluorescent light at an angle either perpendicular or oblique to the illumination light sheet. Unfortunately, scattering of the emitted fluorescent light can cause blurring of the collected images in highly turbid biological media. We rec...

  4. Time interval and lattice vibration in Raman effect, photoelectric effect and plane mirror reflection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Kumar; S. Sahoo

    2012-07-02

    Time interval between the incident and scattered photon in Raman effect and absorption of photon and emission of electron in photoelectric effect has not been determined till now. This is because there is no such high level instrument discovered till now to detect time interval to such a small level. But this can be calculated theoretically by applying a basic principle of physics like impulse is equal to the change in momentum. Considering the collision between electron and photon as perfect inelastic collision in photoelectric effect, elastic and inelastic collision in Raman effect and elastic collision in plane mirror reflection and the interaction between electron and photon as strong gravitational interaction we calculate the required time interval. During these phenomena there is lattice vibration which can be quantized as phonon particles.

  5. Time resolved photo-luminescent decay characterization of mercury cadmium telluride focal plane arrays

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Soehnel, Grant

    2015-01-20

    The minority carrier lifetime is a measurable material property that is an indication of infrared detector device performance. To study the utility of measuring the carrier lifetime, an experiment has been constructed that can time resolve the photo-luminescent decay of a detector or wafer sample housed inside a liquid nitrogen cooled Dewar. Motorized stages allow the measurement to be scanned over the sample surface, and spatial resolutions as low as 50µm have been demonstrated. A carrier recombination simulation was developed to analyze the experimental data. Results from measurements performed on 4 mercury cadmium telluride focal plane arrays show strong correlationmore »between spatial maps of the lifetime, dark current, and relative response.« less

  6. Glide-plane symmetry and superconducting gap structure of iron-based superconductors

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Wang, Yan; Berlijn, Tom; Hirschfeld, Peter J.; Scalapino, Douglas J.; Maier, Thomas A.

    2015-03-10

    We consider the effect of glide-plane symmetry of the Fe-pnictogen/chalcogen layer in Fe-based superconductors on pairing in spin fluctuation models. Recent theories propose that so-called ?-pairing states with nonzero total momentum can be realized and possess such exotic properties as odd parity spin singlet symmetry and time-reversal symmetry breaking. Here we show that when there is orbital weight at the Fermi level from orbitals with even and odd mirror reflection symmetry in z, ? pairing is inevitable; however, we conclude from explicit calculation that the gap function appearing in observable quantities is identical to that found in earlier pseudocrystal momentummore »calculations with 1 Fe per unit cell.« less

  7. AdS-plane wave and pp-wave solutions of generic gravity theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Metin Gurses; Tahsin Cagri Sisman; Bayram Tekin

    2014-11-05

    We construct the AdS-plane wave solutions of generic gravity theory built on the arbitrary powers of the Riemann tensor and its derivatives in analogy with the pp-wave solutions. In constructing the wave solutions of the generic theory, we show that the most general two tensor built from the Riemann tensor and its derivatives can be written in terms of the traceless-Ricci tensor. Quadratic gravity theory plays a major role; therefore, we revisit the wave solutions in this theory. As examples to our general formalism, we work out the six-dimensional conformal gravity and its nonconformal deformation as well as the tricritical gravity, the Lanczos-Lovelock theory, and string-generated cubic curvature theory.

  8. The radiative heat transfer between a rotating nanoparticle and a plane surface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vahid Ameri; Mehdi Shafei Aporvari; Fardin Kheirandish

    2015-06-03

    Based on a microscopic approach, we propose a Lagrangian for the combined system of a rotating dielectric nanoparticle above a plane surface in the presence of electromagnetic vacuum fluctuations. In the framework of canonical quantization, the electromagnetic vacuum field is quantized in the presence of dielectric fields describing the nanoparticle and a semi-infinite dielectric with planar interface. The radiative heat power absorbed by the rotating nanoparticle is obtained and the result is in agreement with previous results when the the rotational frequency of the nanoparticle is zero or much smaller than the relaxation frequency of the dielectrics. The well known near field effect is reexamined and discussed in terms of the rotational frequency. The radiative heat power absorbed by the nanoparticle for well-known peak frequencies, is plotted in terms of the rotational frequency showing an interesting effect resembling a phase transition around a critical frequency, determined by the relaxation frequency of the dielectrics.

  9. Topologically Massive Yang-Mills field on the Null-Plane: A Hamilton-Jacobi approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bertin, M. C.; Pimentel, B. M.; Valcarcel, C. E.; Zambrano, G. E. R.

    2010-11-12

    Non-abelian gauge theories are super-renormalizable in 2+1 dimensions and suffer from infrared divergences. These divergences can be avoided by adding a Chern-Simons term, i.e., building a Topologically Massive Theory. In this sense, we are interested in the study of the Topologically Massive Yang-Mills theory on the Null-Plane. Since this is a gauge theory, we need to analyze its constraint structure which is done with the Hamilton-Jacobi formalism. We are able to find the complete set of Hamiltonian densities, and build the Generalized Brackets of the theory. With the GB we obtain a set of involutive Hamiltonian densities, generators of the evolution of the system.

  10. Specific heat of twisted bilayer graphene: Engineering phonons by atomic plane rotations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nika, Denis L. [E. Pokatilov Laboratory of Physics and Engineering of Nanomaterials, Department of Physics and Engineering, Moldova State University, Chisinau MD-2009, Republic of Moldova (Moldova, Republic of); Nano-Device Laboratory, Department of Electrical Engineering and Materials Science and Engineering Program, Bourns College of Engineering, University of California—Riverside, Riverside, California, 92521 (United States); Cocemasov, Alexandr I. [E. Pokatilov Laboratory of Physics and Engineering of Nanomaterials, Department of Physics and Engineering, Moldova State University, Chisinau MD-2009, Republic of Moldova (Moldova, Republic of); Balandin, Alexander A., E-mail: balandin@ee.ucr.edu [Nano-Device Laboratory, Department of Electrical Engineering and Materials Science and Engineering Program, Bourns College of Engineering, University of California—Riverside, Riverside, California, 92521 (United States)

    2014-07-21

    We have studied the phonon specific heat in single-layer, bilayer, and twisted bilayer graphene. The calculations were performed using the Born-von Karman model of lattice dynamics for intralayer atomic interactions and spherically symmetric interatomic potential for interlayer interactions. We found that at temperature T?planes.

  11. Glide-plane symmetry and superconducting gap structure of iron-based superconductors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Yan [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States); Univ. of Florida, Gainsville, FL (United States); Berlijn, Tom [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Hirschfeld, Peter J. [Univ. of Florida, Gainsville, FL (United States); Scalapino, Douglas J. [Univ. of California, Santa Barbara, CA (United States); Maier, Thomas A. [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

    2015-01-01

    We consider the effect of glide-plane symmetry of the Fe-pnictogen/chalcogen layer in Fe-based superconductors on pairing in spin fluctuation models. Recent theories have proposed that so-called ?-pairing states with nonzero total momentum can be realized and possess exotic properties such as odd parity spin singlet symmetry and time-reversal symmetry breaking. Here we show that ? pairing is inevitable when there is orbital weight at the Fermi level from orbitals with even and odd mirror reflection symmetry in z; however, by explicit calculation, we conclude that the gap function that appears in observable quantities is identical to that found in earlier, 1 Fe per unit cell pseudocrystal momentum calculations.

  12. Stochastic analysis of the time evolution of Laminar-Turbulent bands of plane Couette flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rolland, Joran

    2015-01-01

    This article is concerned with the time evolution of the oblique laminar-turbulent bands of transitional plane Couette flow under the influence of turbulent noise. Our study is focused on the amplitude of modulation of turbulence. In order to guide the numerical study of the flow, we first perform an analytical and numerical analysis of a Stochastic Ginzburg-Landau equation for a complex order parameter. The modulus of this order parameter models the amplitude of modulation of turbulence. Firstly, we compute the autocorrelation function of said modulus once the band is established. Secondly, we perform a calculation of average and fluctuations around the exponential growth of the order parameter. This type of analysis is similar to the Stochastic Structural Stability Theory. We then perform numerical simulations of the Navier-Stokes equations in order to confront these predictions with the actual behaviour of the bands. Computation of the autocorrelation function of the modulation of turbulence shows quantita...

  13. Reaction Plane and Beam Energy Dependence Of The Balance Function at RHIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hui Wang; for the STAR collaboration

    2012-01-01

    The balance function, which measures the correlation between opposite sign charge pairs, is sensitive to the mechanisms of charge formation and the subsequent relative diffusion of the balancing charges. The study of the balance function can provide information about charge creation time as well as the subsequent collective behavior of particles. In this paper, we present a reaction-plane-dependent balance function study for Au+Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{\\rm NN}}$ = 200 GeV and compare with results from recent three particle correlation measurements. We also report balance functions for relative pseudorapidity ($\\Delta \\eta$), relative rapidity ($\\Delta y$), and relative azimuthal angle ($\\Delta \\phi$) from the recent RHIC beam energy scan data.

  14. Polygonal web representation for higher order correlation functions of consistent polygonal Markov fields in the plane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomasz Schreiber

    2009-05-02

    We consider polygonal Markov fields originally introduced by Arak and Surgailis (1982,1989). Our attention is focused on fields with nodes of order two, which can be regarded as continuum ensembles of non-intersecting contours in the plane, sharing a number of salient features with the two-dimensional Ising model. The purpose of this paper is to establish an explicit stochastic representation for the higher-order correlation functions of polygonal Markov fields in their consistency regime. The representation is given in terms of the so-called crop functionals (defined by a Moebius-type formula) of polygonal webs which arise in a graphical construction dual to that giving rise to polygonal fields. The proof of our representation formula goes by constructing a martingale interpolation between the correlation functions of polygonal fields and crop functionals of polygonal webs.

  15. Reorientation of the crystalline planes in confined single crystal nickel nanorods induced by heavy ion irradiation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Misra, Abha; Tyagi, Pawan K.; Rai, Padmnabh; Misra, D. S.; Ghatak, Jay; Satyam, P. V.; Avasthi, D. K.

    2006-08-28

    In a recent letter Tyagi et al. [Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 253110 (2005)] have reported the special orientation of nickel planes inside multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) with respect to the tube axis. Heavy ion irradiation has been performed with 1.5 MeV Au{sup 2+} and 100 MeV Au{sup 7+} ions on these nickel filled MWCNTs at fluences ranging from 10{sup 12} to 10{sup 15} ions/cm{sup 2} at room temperature. Ion-induced modifications have been studied using high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. The diffraction pattern and the lattice imaging showed the presence of ion-induced planar defects on the tube walls and completely amorphized encapsulated nickel nanorods. The results are discussed in terms of thermal spike model.

  16. Basal-plane thermal conductivity of few-layer molybdenum disulfide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jo, Insun; Ou, Eric; Shi, Li; Pettes, Michael Thompson; Wu, Wei

    2014-05-19

    We report the in-plane thermal conductivity of suspended exfoliated few-layer molybdenum disulfide (MoS{sub 2}) samples that were measured by suspended micro-devices with integrated resistance thermometers. The obtained room-temperature thermal conductivity values are (44–50) and (48–52) W m{sup ?1} K{sup ?1} for two samples that are 4 and 7 layers thick, respectively. For both samples, the peak thermal conductivity occurs at a temperature close to 120?K, above which the thermal conductivity is dominated by intrinsic phonon-phonon scattering although phonon scattering by surface disorders can still play an important role in these samples especially at low temperatures.

  17. Random Vortex-Street Model for a Self-Similar Plane Turbulent Jet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Victor L'vov; Anna Pomyalov; Itamar Procaccia; Rama Govindarajan

    2008-03-18

    We ask what determines the (small) angle of turbulent jets. To answer this question we first construct a deterministic vortex-street model representing the large scale structure in a self-similar plane turbulent jet. Without adjustable parameters the model reproduces the mean velocity profiles and the transverse positions of the large scale structures, including their mean sweeping velocities, in a quantitative agreement with experiments. Nevertheless the exact self similar arrangement of the vortices (or any other deterministic model) necessarily leads to a collapse of the jet angle. The observed (small) angle results from a competition between vortex sweeping tending to strongly collapse the jet and randomness in the vortex structure, with the latter resulting in a weak spreading of the jet.

  18. Standard test method for In-Plane length measurements of thin, reflecting films using an optical interferometer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

    2005-01-01

    1.1 This test method covers a procedure for measuring in-plane lengths (including deflections) of patterned thin films. It applies only to films, such as found in microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) materials, which can be imaged using an optical interferometer. 1.2 There are other ways to determine in-plane lengths. Using the design dimensions typically provides more precise in-plane length values than using measurements taken with an optical interferometer. (Interferometric measurements are typically more precise than measurements taken with an optical microscope.) This test method is intended for use when interferometric measurements are preferred over using the design dimensions (for example, when measuring in-plane deflections and when measuring lengths in an unproven fabrication process). 1.3 This test method uses a non-contact optical interferometer with the capability of obtaining topographical 3-D data sets. It is performed in the laboratory. 1.4 The maximum in-plane length measured is determine...

  19. Magnetic properties of in-plane oriented barium hexaferrite thin films prepared by direct current magnetron sputtering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Xiaozhi; Yue, Zhenxing Meng, Siqin; Yuan, Lixin

    2014-12-28

    In-plane c-axis oriented Ba-hexaferrite (BaM) thin films were prepared on a-plane (112{sup ¯}0) sapphire (Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}) substrates by DC magnetron sputtering followed by ex-situ annealing. The DC magnetron sputtering was demonstrated to have obvious advantages over the traditionally used RF magnetron sputtering in sputtering rate and operation simplicity. The sputtering power had a remarkable influence on the Ba/Fe ratio, the hematite secondary phase, and the grain morphology of the as-prepared BaM films. Under 80?W of sputtering power, in-plane c-axis highly oriented BaM films were obtained. These films had strong magnetic anisotropy with high hysteresis loop squareness (M{sub r}/M{sub s} of 0.96) along the in-plane easy axis and low M{sub r}/M{sub s} of 0.03 along the in-plane hard axis. X-ray diffraction patterns and pole figures revealed that the oriented BaM films grew via an epitaxy-like growth process with the crystallographic relationship BaM (101{sup ¯}0)//?-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}(112{sup ¯}0)//Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}(112{sup ¯}0)

  20. A SOUTHERN SKY AND GALACTIC PLANE SURVEY FOR BRIGHT KUIPER BELT OBJECTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sheppard, Scott S.; Udalski, Andrzej; Kubiak, Marcin; Pietrzynski, Grzegorz; Poleski, Radoslaw; Soszynski, Igor; Szymanski, Michal K.; Ulaczyk, Krzysztof; Trujillo, Chadwick

    2011-10-15

    About 2500 deg{sup 2} of sky south of declination -25{sup 0} and/or near the Galactic Plane were surveyed for bright outer solar system objects. This survey is one of the first large-scale southern sky and Galactic Plane surveys to detect dwarf planets and other bright Kuiper Belt Objects in the trans-Neptunian region. The survey was able to obtain a limiting R-band magnitude of 21.6. In all, 18 outer solar system objects were detected, including Pluto which was detected near the Galactic center using optimal image subtraction techniques to remove the high stellar density background. Fourteen of the detections were previously unknown trans-Neptunian objects, demonstrating that the southern sky had not been well searched to date for bright outer solar system objects. Assuming moderate albedos, several of the new discoveries from this survey could be in hydrostatic equilibrium and thus could be considered dwarf planets. Combining this survey with previous surveys from the northern hemisphere suggests that the Kuiper Belt is nearly complete to around 21st magnitude in the R band. All the main dynamical classes in the Kuiper Belt are occupied by at least one dwarf-planet-sized object. The 3:2 Neptune resonance, which is the innermost well-populated Neptune resonance, has several large objects while the main outer Neptune resonances such as the 5:3, 7:4, 2:1, and 5:2 do not appear to have any large objects. This indicates that the outer resonances are either significantly depleted in objects relative to the 3:2 resonance or have a significantly different assortment of objects than the 3:2 resonance. For the largest objects (H < 4.5 mag), the scattered disk population appears to have a few times more objects than the main Kuiper Belt (MKB) population, while the Sedna population could be several times more than that of the MKB.

  1. A Chandra Deep X-ray Exposure on the Galactic Plane and Near Infrared Identification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. Ebisawa; A. Paizis; T. J. -L. Couvoisier; P. Dubath; M. Tsujimoto; K. Hamaguchi; V. Beckmann; A. Bamba; A. Senda; M. Ueno; H. Kaneda; Y. Maeda; G. Sato; S. Yamauchi; R. Cutri; E. Nishihara

    2004-07-09

    Using the Chandra ACIS-I instruments, we have carried out a deep X-ray observation on the Galactic plane region at (l,b) ~ (28.5, 0.0), where no discrete X-ray sources have been known previously. We have detected, as well as strong diffuse emission, 274 new point X-ray sources (4 sigma confidence) within two partially overlapping fields (~250 arcmin^2 in total) down to the flux limit ~3 x 10^{-15} $ erg s^{-1} cm^{-2} (2 -- 10 keV) and ~ 7 x 10^{-16} erg s^{-1} cm^{-2} (0.5 -- 2 keV). We clearly resolved point sources and the Galactic diffuse emission, and found that ~ 90 % of the flux observed in our field of view originates from diffuse emission. Many point sources are detected either in the soft X-ray band (below 2 keV) or in the hard band (above 2 keV), and only a small number of sources are detected in both energy bands. On the other hand, most soft X-ray sources are considered to be nearby X-ray active stars. We have carried out a follow-up near-infrared (NIR) observation using SOFI at ESO/NTT. Most of the soft X-ray sources were identified, whereas only a small number of hard X-ray sources had counterparts in NIR. Using both X-ray and NIR information, we can efficiently classify the point X-ray sources detected in the Galactic plane. We conclude that most of the hard X-ray sources are background Active Galactic Nuclei seen through the Milky Way, whereas majority of the soft X-ray sources are nearby X-ray active stars.

  2. Full body powder antichip. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-04-17

    Chipping is the major paint defect listed for automobile customer dissatisfaction. The improved chip resistance and smoother paint surfaces produced by full body powder antichip will result in greater customer satisfaction and greater demand for US-produced automobiles. Powder antichip contains virtually no solvent, thereby reducing the potential VOC emissions from Newark Assembly by more than 90 tons per year as compared to the solvent-borne material presently applied in most full body applications. Since Newark Assembly Plant is in a severe non-attainment air quality area, which must demonstrate a 15% reduction in emissions by 1996, projects such as this are crucial to the longevity of industry in this region. The liquid paint spray systems include incineration of the oven volatile organic compounds (VOC`s) at 1,500 F. Since there are minimal VOC`s in powder coatings and the only possible releases occur only during polymerization, incineration is not required. The associated annual savings resulting from the elimination of the incinerator utilized on the liquid spray system is 1.44 {times} 10{sup 10} BTU`s per unit installed. The annual cost savings is approximately $388 thousand, far below the original estimates.

  3. Non-equilibrium many body dynamics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Creutz, M.; Gyulassy, M.

    1997-09-22

    This Riken BNL Research Center Symposium on Non-Equilibrium Many Body Physics was held on September 23-25, 1997 as part of the official opening ceremony of the Center at Brookhaven National Lab. A major objective of theoretical work at the center is to elaborate on the full spectrum of strong interaction physics based on QCD, including the physics of confinement and chiral symmetry breaking, the parton structure of hadrons and nuclei, and the phenomenology of ultra-relativistic nuclear collisions related to the up-coming experiments at RHIC. The opportunities and challenges of nuclear and particle physics in this area naturally involve aspects of the many body problem common to many other fields. The aim of this symposium was to find common theoretical threads in the area of non-equilibrium physics and modern transport theories. The program consisted of invited talks on a variety topics from the fields of atomic, condensed matter, plasma, astrophysics, cosmology, and chemistry, in addition to nuclear and particle physics. Separate abstracts have been indexed into the database for contributions to this workshop.

  4. Body monitoring and imaging apparatus and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McEwan, Thomas E. (Livermore, CA)

    1996-01-01

    A non-acoustic pulse-echo radar monitor is employed in the repetitive mode, whereby a large number of reflected pulses are averaged to produce a voltage that modulates an audio oscillator to produce a tone that corresponds to the heart motion. The antenna used in this monitor generally comprises two flat copper foils, thus permitting the antenna to be housed in a substantially flat housing. The monitor converts the detected voltage to an audible signal with both amplitude modulation and Doppler effect. It further uses a dual time constant to reduce the effect of gross sensor-to-surface movement. The monitor detects the movement of one or more internal body parts, such as the heart, lungs, arteries, and vocal chords, and includes a pulse generator for simultaneously inputting a sequence of pulses to a transmit path and a gating path. The pulses transmitted along the transmit path drive an impulse generator and provide corresponding transmit pulses that are applied to a transmit antenna. The gating path includes a range delay generator which generates timed gating pulses. The timed gating pulses cause the receive path to selectively conduct pulses reflected from the body parts and received by a receive antenna. The monitor output potential can be separated into a cardiac output indicative of the physical movement of the heart, and a pulmonary output indicative of the physical movement of the lung.

  5. Body monitoring and imaging apparatus and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McEwan, Thomas E. (Livermore, CA)

    1998-01-01

    A non-acoustic pulse-echo radar monitor is employed in the repetitive mode, whereby a large number of reflected pulses are averaged to produce a voltage that modulates an audio oscillator to produce a tone that corresponds to the heart motion. The antenna used in this monitor generally comprises two flat copper foils, thus permitting the antenna to be housed in a substantially flat housing. The monitor converts the detected voltage to an audible signal with both amplitude modulation and Doppler effect. It further uses a dual time constant to reduce the effect of gross sensor-to-surface movement. The monitor detects the movement of one or more internal body parts, such as the heart, lungs, arteries, and vocal chords, and includes a pulse generator for simultaneously inputting a sequence of pulses to a transmit path and a grating path. The pulses transmitted along the transmit path drive Oh impulse, generator and provide corresponding transmit pulses that are applied to a transmit antenna. The gating path includes a range delay generator which generates timed gating pulses. The timed gating pulses cause the receive path to selectively conduct pulses reflected from the body parts and received by a receive antenna. The monitor output potential can be separated into a cardiac output indicative of the physical movement of the heart, and a pulmonary output indicative of the physical movement of the lung. The impulse generator in the transmit path can be replaced with a pulsed RF generator.

  6. Body monitoring and imaging apparatus and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McEwan, T.E.

    1996-11-12

    A non-acoustic pulse-echo radar monitor is employed in the repetitive mode, whereby a large number of reflected pulses are averaged to produce a voltage that modulates an audio oscillator to produce a tone that corresponds to the heart motion. The antenna used in this monitor generally comprises two flat copper foils, thus permitting the antenna to be housed in a substantially flat housing. The monitor converts the detected voltage to an audible signal with both amplitude modulation and Doppler effect. It further uses a dual time constant to reduce the effect of gross sensor-to-surface movement. The monitor detects the movement of one or more internal body parts, such as the heart, lungs, arteries, and vocal chords, and includes a pulse generator for simultaneously inputting a sequence of pulses to a transmit path and a gating path. The pulses transmitted along the transmit path drive an impulse generator and provide corresponding transmit pulses that are applied to a transmit antenna. The gating path includes a range delay generator which generates timed gating pulses. The timed gating pulses cause the receive path to selectively conduct pulses reflected from the body parts and received by a receive antenna. The monitor output potential can be separated into a cardiac output indicative of the physical movement of the heart, and a pulmonary output indicative of the physical movement of the lung. 12 figs.

  7. Body monitoring and imaging apparatus and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McEwan, T.E.

    1998-06-16

    A non-acoustic pulse-echo radar monitor is employed in the repetitive mode, whereby a large number of reflected pulses are averaged to produce a voltage that modulates an audio oscillator to produce a tone that corresponds to the heart motion. The antenna used in this monitor generally comprises two flat copper foils, thus permitting the antenna to be housed in a substantially flat housing. The monitor converts the detected voltage to an audible signal with both amplitude modulation and Doppler effect. It further uses a dual time constant to reduce the effect of gross sensor-to-surface movement. The monitor detects the movement of one or more internal body parts, such as the heart, lungs, arteries, and vocal chords, and includes a pulse generator for simultaneously inputting a sequence of pulses to a transmit path and a grating path. The pulses transmitted along the transmit path drive Oh impulse, generator and provide corresponding transmit pulses that are applied to a transmit antenna. The gating path includes a range delay generator which generates timed gating pulses. The timed gating pulses cause the receive path to selectively conduct pulses reflected from the body parts and received by a receive antenna. The monitor output potential can be separated into a cardiac output indicative of the physical movement of the heart, and a pulmonary output indicative of the physical movement of the lung. The impulse generator in the transmit path can be replaced with a pulsed RF generator. 13 figs.

  8. Tamper-indicating device having a glass body

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Johnston, Roger G. (Los Alamos, NM); Garcia, Anthony R. E. (Espanola, NM)

    2003-04-29

    A tamper-indicating device is described. The device has a first glass body member and a second glass body member that are attached to each other through a hasp. The glass body members of the device can be tempered. The body members can be configured with hollow volumes into which powders, microparticles, liquids, gels, or combinations thereof are sealed. The choice, the amount, and the location of these materials can produce a visible, band pattern to provide each body member with a unique fingerprint identifier, which makes it extremely difficult to repair or replace once it is damaged in order to avoid tamper detection.

  9. Observation of Coherently-Enhanced Tunable Narrow-Band Terahertz Transition Radiation from a Relativistic Sub-Picosecond Electron Bunch Train

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Piot, P [Northern Illinois U.; Fermilab; Sun, Y E [Fermilab; Maxwell, T J [Fermilab; Northern Illinois U.; Ruan, J.; Lumpkin, A H [Fermilab; Rihaoui, M M [Northern Illinois U.; Thurman-Keup, R [Fermilab

    2011-06-27

    We experimentally demonstrate the production of narrow-band (?f/f ~ =20% at f ~ = 0.5 THz) THz transition radiation with tunable frequency over [0.37, 0.86] THz. The radiation is produced as a train of sub-picosecond relativistic electron bunches transits at the vacuum-aluminum interface of an aluminum converter screen. We also show a possible application of modulated beams to extend the dynamical range of a popular bunch length diagnostic technique based on the spectral analysis of coherent radiation.

  10. Observation of the narrow state x (3872) --> j/psi pi+ pi- in pbar p collisions at s**(1/2) = 1.96 tev

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Acosta, D.; CDF Collaboration

    2004-02-27

    The authors report the observation of a narrow state decaying into J/{psi}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -} and produced in 220 pb{sup -1} of {bar p}p collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV in the CDF II experiment. They observe 730 {+-} 90 decays. The mass is measured to be 3871.3 {+-} 0.7(stat) {+-} 0.4(syst) MeV/c{sup 2}, with an observed width consistent with the detector resolution. This is in agreement with the recent observation by the Belle Collaboration of the X(3872) meson.

  11. Observation of a narrow mass state decaying into ?(1S)+? in pp? collisions at ?s=1.96 TeV

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Abazov, V. M.; Abbott, B.; Acharya, B. S.; Adams, M.; Adams, T.; Alexeev, G. D.; Alkhazov, G.; Alton, A.; Alverson, G.; Aoki, M.; et al

    2012-08-15

    Using data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1.3 fb?¹, we observe a narrow mass state decaying into ?(1S)+?, where the ?(1S) meson is detected by its decay into a pair of oppositely charged muons, and the photon is identified through its conversion into an electron-positron pair. The significance of this observation is 5.6 standard deviations. The mass of the state is centered at 10.551±0.014(stat)±0.017(syst) GeV/c², which is consistent with that of the state recently observed by the ATLAS Collaboration.

  12. Observation of a narrow mass state decaying into ?(1S)+? in pp[over ¯] collisions at sqrt[s]=1.96??TeV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich; et al.

    2012-08-01

    Using data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1.3 fb{sup -1}, we observe a narrow mass state decaying into {Upsilon}(1S) + {gamma}, where the {Upsilon}(1S) meson is detected by its decay into a pair of oppositely charged muons, and the photon is identified through its conversion into an electron-positron pair. The significance of this observation is 5.6 standard deviations. The mass of the state is centered at 10.551 {+-} 0.014(stat.) {+-} 0.017(syst.) GeV/c{sup 2}, which is consistent with that of the state recently observed by the ATLAS Collaboration.

  13. Observation of a narrow mass state decaying into ?(1S)+? in pp? collisions at ?s=1.96 TeV

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Abazov, V. M.; Abbott, B.; Acharya, B. S.; Adams, M.; Adams, T.; Alexeev, G. D.; Alkhazov, G.; Alton, A.; Alverson, G.; Aoki, M.; Askew, A.; Atkins, S.; Augsten, K.; Avila, C.; Badaud, F.; Bagby, L.; Baldin, B.; Bandurin, D. V.; Banerjee, S.; Barberis, E.; Baringer, P.; Barreto, J.; Bartlett, J. F.; Bassler, U.; Bazterra, V.; Bean, A.; Begalli, M.; Bellantoni, L.; Beri, S. B.; Bernardi, G.; Bernhard, R.; Bertram, I.; Besançon, M.; Beuselinck, R.; Bezzubov, V. A.; Bhat, P. C.; Bhatia, S.; Bhatnagar, V.; Blazey, G.; Blessing, S.; Bloom, K.; Boehnlein, A.; Boline, D.; Boos, E. E.; Borissov, G.; Bose, T.; Brandt, A.; Brandt, O.; Brock, R.; Brooijmans, G.; Bross, A.; Brown, D.; Brown, J.; Bu, X. B.; Buehler, M.; Buescher, V.; Bunichev, V.; Burdin, S.; Buszello, C. P.; Camacho-Pérez, E.; Casey, B. C. K.; Castilla-Valdez, H.; Caughron, S.; Chakrabarti, S.; Chakraborty, D.; Chan, K. M.; Chandra, A.; Chapon, E.; Chen, G.; Chevalier-Théry, S.; Cho, D. K.; Cho, S. W.; Choi, S.; Choudhary, B.; Cihangir, S.; Claes, D.; Clutter, J.; Cooke, M.; Cooper, W. E.; Corcoran, M.; Couderc, F.; Cousinou, M.-C.; Croc, A.; Cutts, D.; Das, A.; Davies, G.; de Jong, S. J.; De La Cruz-Burelo, E.; Déliot, F.; Demina, R.; Denisov, D.; Denisov, S. P.; Desai, S.; Deterre, C.; DeVaughan, K.; Diehl, H. T.; Diesburg, M.; Ding, P. F.; Dominguez, A.; Dubey, A.; Dudko, L. V.; Duggan, D.; Duperrin, A.; Dutt, S.; Dyshkant, A.; Eads, M.; Edmunds, D.; Ellison, J.; Elvira, V. D.; Enari, Y.; Evans, H.; Evdokimov, A.; Evdokimov, V. N.; Facini, G.; Feng, L.; Ferbel, T.; Fiedler, F.; Filthaut, F.; Fisher, W.; Fisk, H. E.; Fortner, M.; Fox, H.; Fuess, S.; Garcia-Bellido, A.; García-González, J. A.; García-Guerra, G. A.; Gavrilov, V.; Gay, P.; Geng, W.; Gerbaudo, D.; Gerber, C. E.; Gershtein, Y.; Ginther, G.; Golovanov, G.; Goussiou, A.; Grannis, P. D.; Greder, S.; Greenlee, H.; Grenier, G.; Gris, Ph.; Grivaz, J.-F.; Grohsjean, A.; Grünendahl, S.; Grünewald, M. W.; Guillemin, T.; Gutierrez, G.; Gutierrez, P.; Haas, A.; Hagopian, S.; Haley, J.; Han, L.; Harder, K.; Harel, A.; Hauptman, J. M.; Hays, J.; Head, T.; Hebbeker, T.; Hedin, D.; Hegab, H.; Heinson, A. P.; Heintz, U.; Hensel, C.; Heredia-De La Cruz, I.; Herner, K.; Hesketh, G.; Hildreth, M. D.; Hirosky, R.; Hoang, T.; Hobbs, J. D.; Hoeneisen, B.; Hohlfeld, M.; Howley, I.; Hubacek, Z.; Hynek, V.; Iashvili, I.; Ilchenko, Y.; Illingworth, R.; Ito, A. S.; Jabeen, S.; Jaffré, M.; Jayasinghe, A.; Jesik, R.; Johns, K.; Johnson, E.; Johnson, M.; Jonckheere, A.; Jonsson, P.; Joshi, J.; Jung, A. W.; Juste, A.; Kaadze, K.; Kajfasz, E.; Karmanov, D.; Kasper, P. A.; Katsanos, I.; Kehoe, R.; Kermiche, S.; Khalatyan, N.; Khanov, A.; Kharchilava, A.; Kharzheev, Y. N.; Kiselevich, I.; Kohli, J. M.; Kozelov, A. V.; Kraus, J.; Kulikov, S.; Kumar, A.; Kupco, A.; Kur?a, T.; Kuzmin, V. A.; Lammers, S.; Landsberg, G.; Lebrun, P.; Lee, H. S.; Lee, S. W.; Lee, W. M.; Lellouch, J.; Li, H.; Li, L.; Li, Q. Z.; Lim, J. K.; Lincoln, D.; Linnemann, J.; Lipaev, V. V.; Lipton, R.; Liu, H.; Liu, Y.; Lobodenko, A.; Lokajicek, M.; Lopes de Sa, R.; Lubatti, H. J.; Luna-Garcia, R.; Lyon, A. L.; Maciel, A. K. A.; Madar, R.; Magaña-Villalba, R.; Malik, S.; Malyshev, V. L.; Maravin, Y.; Martínez-Ortega, J.; McCarthy, R.; McGivern, C. L.; Meijer, M. M.; Melnitchouk, A.; Menezes, D.; Mercadante, P. G.; Merkin, M.; Meyer, A.; Meyer, J.; Miconi, F.; Mondal, N. K.; Mulhearn, M.; Nagy, E.; Naimuddin, M.; Narain, M.; Nayyar, R.; Neal, H. A.; Negret, J. P.; Neustroev, P.; Nunnemann, T.; Obrant, G.; Orduna, J.; Osman, N.; Osta, J.; Padilla, M.; Pal, A.; Parashar, N.; Parihar, V.; Park, S. K.; Partridge, R.; Parua, N.; Patwa, A.; Penning, B.; Perfilov, M.; Peters, Y.; Petridis, K.; Petrillo, G.; Pétroff, P.; Pleier, M.-A.; Podesta-Lerma, P. L. M.; Podstavkov, V. M.; Popov, A. V.; Prewitt, M.; Price, D.; Prokopenko, N.; Qian, J.; Quadt, A.; Quinn, B.; Rangel, M. S.; Ranjan, K.; Ratoff, P. N.; Razumov, I.; Renkel, P.; Ripp-Baudot, I.; Rizatdinova, F.; Rominsky, M.; Ross, A.; Royon, C.; Rubinov, P.; Ruchti, R.; Sajot, G.; Salcido, P.; Sánchez-Hernández, A.; Sanders, M. P.; Sanghi, B.; Santos, A. S.; Savage, G.; Sawyer, L.; Scanlon, T.; Schamberger, R. D.; Scheglov, Y.; Schellman, H.; Schlobohm, S.; Schwanenberger, C.; Schwienhorst, R.; Sekaric, J.; Severini, H.; Shabalina, E.; Shary, V.; Shaw, S.; Shchukin, A. A.; Shivpuri, R. K.; Simak, V.; Skubic, P.; Slattery, P.; Smirnov, D.; Smith, K. J.; Snow, G. R.; Snow, J.; Snyder, S.; Söldner-Rembold, S.; Sonnenschein, L.; Soustruznik, K.; Stark, J.; Stoyanova, D. A.; Strauss, M.; Stutte, L.; Suter, L.; Svoisky, P.; Takahashi, M.; Titov, M.; Tokmenin, V. V.; Tsai, Y.-T.; Tschann-Grimm, K.; Tsybychev, D.; Tuchming, B.; Tully, C.; Uvarov, L.; Uvarov, S.; Uzunyan, S.; Van Kooten, R.

    2012-08-01

    Using data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1.3 fb?¹, we observe a narrow mass state decaying into ?(1S)+?, where the ?(1S) meson is detected by its decay into a pair of oppositely charged muons, and the photon is identified through its conversion into an electron-positron pair. The significance of this observation is 5.6 standard deviations. The mass of the state is centered at 10.551±0.014(stat)±0.017(syst) GeV/c², which is consistent with that of the state recently observed by the ATLAS Collaboration.

  14. Transport in arrays of submicron Josephson junctions over a ground plane

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ho, Teressa Rae [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (US). Dept. of Physics

    1997-12-01

    One-dimensional (1D) and two-dimensional (2D) arrays of Al islands linked by submicron Al/Al{sub x}O{sub y}/Al tunnel junctions were fabricated on an insulating layer grown on a ground plane. The arrays were cooled to temperatures as low as 20 mK where the Josephson coupling energy E{sub J} of each junction and the charging energy E{sub C} of each island were much greater than the thermal energy k{sub B}T. The capacitance C{sub g} between each island and the ground plane was much greater than the junction capacitance C. Two classes of arrays were studied. In the first class, the normal state tunneling resistance of the junctions was much larger than the resistance quantum for single electrons, R{sub N}{much_gt} R{sub Q{sub e}}{identical_to} h/e{sup 2} {approx} 25.8 k{Omega}, and the islands were driven normal by an applied magnetic field such that E{sub J} = 0 and the array was in the Coulomb blockade regime. The arrays were made on degenerately-doped Si, thermally oxidized to a thickness of approximately 100 nm. The current-voltage (I - V) characteristics of a 1D and a 2D array were measured and found to display a threshold voltage V{sub T} below which little current flows. In the second class of arrays, the normal state tunneling resistance of the junctions was close to the resistance quantum for Cooper pairs, R{sub N}{approx}R{sub Q}{equivalent_to}h/4e{sup 4}{approx}6.45k{Omega}, such that E{sub J}/E{sub C}{approx}1. The arrays were made on GaAs/Al{sub 0.3}Ga{sub 0.7}As heterostructures with a two-dimensional electron gas approximately 100 nm below the surface. One array displayed superconducting behavior at low temperature. Two arrays displayed insulating behavior at low temperature, and the size of the Coulomb gap increased with increasing R{sub g}.

  15. High Efficiency m-plane LEDs on Low Defect Density Bulk GaN Substrates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David, Aurelien

    2012-10-15

    Solid-state lighting is a key technology for reduction of energy consumption in the US and worldwide. In principle, by replacing standard incandescent bulbs and other light sources with sources based on light-emitting diodes (LEDs), ultimate energy efficiency can be achieved. The efficiency of LEDs has improved tremendously over the past two decades, however further progress is required for solid- state lighting to reach its full potential. The ability of an LED at converting electricity to light is quantified by its internal quantum efficiency (IQE). The material of choice for visible LEDs is Gallium Nitride (GaN), which is at the basis of blue-emitting LEDs. A key factor limiting the performance of GaN LEDs is the so-called efficiency droop, whereby the IQE of the LED decreases significantly at high current density. Despite decades of research, efficiency droop remains a major issue. Since high-current operation is necessary for practical lighting applications, reducing droop is a major challenge for the scientific community and the LED industry. Our approach to solving the droop issue is the use of newly available low-defect-density bulk GaN non-polar substrates. In contrast to the standard foreign substrates (sapphire, silicon carbide, silicon) used in the industry, we have employed native bulk GaN substrates with very low defect density, thus ensuring exquisite material quality and high IQE. Whereas all commercial LEDs are grown along the c-plane crystal direction of GaN, we have used m-plane non-polar substrates; these drastically modify the physical properties of the LED and enable a reduction of droop. With this approach, we have demonstrated very high IQE performance and low droop. Our results focused on violet and blue LEDs. For these, we have demonstrated very high peak IQEs and current droops of 6% and 10% respectively (up to a high current density of 200A.cm-2). All these results were obtained under electrical operation. These high IQE and low droop values are in line with the program’s milestones. They demonstrate that bulk non-polar GaN substrates represent a disruptive technology for LED performance. Application of this technology to real-world products is feasible, provided that the cost of GaN substrates is compatible with the market’s requirement.

  16. Surface Energy Anisotropy Effects on Pore-Channel Stability:Rayleigh Instabilities in m-Plane Sapphire

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Santala, Melissa K.; Glaeser, Andreas M.

    2005-09-07

    Internal, high-aspect-ratio pore channels with their long axes parallel to the m(10{bar 1}0) plane of sapphire were generated through sequential application of photolithography, ion-beam etching and solid-state diffusion bonding. The axial orientation of channels within the m plane was systematically varied to sample a range of bounding-surface crystallographies. The morphologic evolution of these pore channels during anneals at 1700 C was recorded by postanneal optical microscopy. The development and growth of periodic axial variations in the pore channel radius was observed, and ultimately led to the formation of discrete pores. The wavelength and average pore spacing, assumed to reflect the kinetically dominant perturbation wavelength, varied with the in-plane pore channel orientation, as did the time for complete channel breakup. Results are compared to those previously obtained when pore channels were etched into c(0001)-plane sapphire and annealed under similar conditions. The results indicate a strong effect of surface stability on the evolution behavior.

  17. 1036 JOURNAL OF MICROELECTROMECHANICAL SYSTEMS, VOL. 16, NO. 5, OCTOBER 2007 Sub-Micro-Gravity In-Plane Accelerometers With

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ayazi, Farrokh

    -Plane Accelerometers With Reduced Capacitive Gaps and Extra Seismic Mass Reza Abdolvand, Student Member, IEEE, Babak silicon-on-insulator substrates. The iner- tial mass of the sensor is significantly increased by keeping--Accelerometer, aspect ratio, micromechanical, silicon-on-insulator (SOI). I. INTRODUCTION DESPITE the substantial

  18. Influence of Maternal Plane of Nutrition and Arginine Supplementation on Mares and Their Foals: Glucose and Insulin Dynamics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanson, Andrea

    2012-10-19

    on mare glucose area under the curve (AUCg) or peak glucose (PG) and insulin (PI) concentrations (P >= 0.55). Mare insulin area under the curve (AUCi) tended to be influenced by the interaction between nutritional plane and ARG supplementation (P <= 0...

  19. Bi-plane correlation imaging for improved detection of lung nodules Ehsan Samei1,2,3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bi-plane correlation imaging for improved detection of lung nodules Ehsan Samei1,2,3 , David M radiography, digital radiography, stereoscopy, lung nodules, lung cancer, computer aided detection (CAD) 1. INTRODUCTION Lung cancer is a leading cause of death in the US, surpassing the mortality associated with breast

  20. Magnetic Microscopy and Imaging II John Chapman, Chairman Study of in-plane magnetic domains with magnetic transmission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bayreuther, Günther

    with magnetic transmission x-ray microscopy P. Fischer,a) T. Eimu¨ller, and G. Schu¨tz University of Wu be designed by en- gaging, e.g., the different magnetic couplings between each layers. Due to a balanceMagnetic Microscopy and Imaging II John Chapman, Chairman Study of in-plane magnetic domains

  1. Heat engine driven by three-body photon tunneling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Latella, Ivan; Rubi, J Miguel; Biehs, Svend-Age; Ben-Abdallah, Philippe

    2015-01-01

    Near-field heat engines are devices that convert the evanescent thermal field supported by a primary source into usable mechanical energy. By analyzing the thermodynamic performance of three-body near-field heat engines, we demonstrate that the power they supply can be substantially larger than that of two-body systems, showing so their strong potential for energy harvesting. Theoretical limits for energy and entropy fluxes in three-body systems are discussed and compared with their corresponding two-body counterparts. Such considerations confirm that the thermodynamic availability in energy-conversion processes driven by three-body photon tunneling can exceed the thermodynamic availability in two-body systems.

  2. The improved decay rate for the heat semigroup with local magnetic field in the plane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Krejcirik

    2011-01-10

    We consider the heat equation in the presence of compactly supported magnetic field in the plane. We show that the magnetic field leads to an improvement of the decay rate of the heat semigroup by a polynomial factor with power proportional to the distance of the total magnetic flux to the discrete set of flux quanta. The proof employs Hardy-type inequalities due to Laptev and Weidl for the two-dimensional magnetic Schroedinger operator and the method of self-similar variables and weighted Sobolev spaces for the heat equation. A careful analysis of the asymptotic behaviour of the heat equation in the similarity variables shows that the magnetic field asymptotically degenerates to an Aharonov-Bohm magnetic field with the same total magnetic flux, which leads asymptotically to the gain on the polynomial decay rate in the original physical variables. Since no assumptions about the symmetry of the magnetic field are made in the present work, it confirms that the recent results of Kovarik about large-time asymptotics of the heat kernel of magnetic Schroedinger operators with radially symmetric field hold in greater generality.

  3. Lattice-Boltzmann simulations of the drag force on a sphere approaching a superhydrophobic striped plane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander L. Dubov; Sebastian Schmieschek; Evgeny S. Asmolov; Jens Harting; Olga I. Vinogradova

    2014-01-03

    By means of lattice-Boltzmann simulations the drag force on a sphere of radius R approaching a superhydrophobic striped wall has been investigated as a function of arbitrary separation h. Superhydrophobic (perfect-slip vs. no-slip) stripes are characterized by a texture period L and a fraction of the gas area $\\phi$. For very large values of h/R we recover the macroscopic formulae for a sphere moving towards a hydrophilic no-slip plane. For h/R=O(1) and smaller the drag force is smaller than predicted by classical theories for hydrophilic no-slip surfaces, but larger than expected for a sphere interacting with a uniform perfectly slipping wall. At a thinner gap, $h\\ll R$ the force reduction compared to a classical result becomes more pronounced, and is maximized by increasing $\\phi$. In the limit of very small separations our simulation data are in quantitative agreement with an asymptotic equation, which relates a correction to a force for superhydrophobic slip to texture parameters. In addition, we examine the flow and pressure field and observe their oscillatory character in the transverse direction in the vicinity of the wall, which reflects the influence of the heterogeneity and anisotropy of the striped texture. Finally, we investigate the lateral force on the sphere, which is detectable in case of very small separations and is maximized by stripes with $\\phi=0.5$.

  4. Lattice-Boltzmann simulations of the drag force on a sphere approaching a superhydrophobic striped plane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dubov, Alexander L; Asmolov, Evgeny S; Harting, Jens; Vinogradova, Olga I

    2014-01-01

    By means of lattice-Boltzmann simulations the drag force on a sphere of radius R approaching a superhydrophobic striped wall has been investigated as a function of arbitrary separation h. Superhydrophobic (perfect-slip vs. no-slip) stripes are characterized by a texture period L and a fraction of the gas area $\\phi$. For very large values of h/R we recover the macroscopic formulae for a sphere moving towards a hydrophilic no-slip plane. For h/R=O(1) and smaller the drag force is smaller than predicted by classical theories for hydrophilic no-slip surfaces, but larger than expected for a sphere interacting with a uniform perfectly slipping wall. At a thinner gap, $h\\ll R$ the force reduction compared to a classical result becomes more pronounced, and is maximized by increasing $\\phi$. In the limit of very small separations our simulation data are in quantitative agreement with an asymptotic equation, which relates a correction to a force for superhydrophobic slip to texture parameters. In addition, we examine ...

  5. Mechanical and statistical study of the laminar hole formation in transitional plane Couette flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rolland, Joran

    2015-01-01

    This article is concerned with the numerical study and modelling of two aspects the formation of laminar holes in transitional turbulence of plane Couette flow (PCF). On the one hand, we consider quenches: sudden decreases of the Reynolds number R which force the formation of holes. The Reynolds number is decreased from featureless turbulence to the range of existence of the oblique laminar-turbulent bands [Rg;Rt]. The successive stages of the quench are studied by means of visualisations and measurements of kinetic energy and turbulent fraction. The behaviour of the kinetic energy is explained using a kinetic energy budget: it shows that viscosity causes quasi modal decay until lift-up equals it and creates a new balance. Moreover, the budget confirms that the physical mechanisms at play are independent of the way the quench is performed. On the other hand we consider the natural formation of laminar holes in the bands, near Rg. The Direct Numerical simulations (DNS) show that holes in the turbulent bands pr...

  6. The limit of small Rossby numbers for randomly forced quasi-geostrophic equation on $?$-plane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sergei Kuksin; Alberto Maiocchi

    2014-09-26

    We consider the 2d quasigeostrophic equation on the $\\beta$-plane for the stream function $\\psi$, with dissipation and a random force: $$ (*)\\qquad (-\\Delta +K)\\psi_t - \\rho J(\\psi, \\Delta\\psi) -\\beta\\psi_x= \\langle \\text{random force}\\rangle -\\kappa\\Delta^2\\psi +\\Delta\\psi, $$ where $\\psi=\\psi(t,x,y), \\ x\\in\\mathbb{R}/2\\pi L\\mathbb{Z}, \\ y\\in \\mathbb{R}/2\\pi \\mathbb{Z}$. For typical values of the horizontal period $L$ we prove that the law of the action-vector of a solution for $(*)$ (formed by the halves of the squared norms of its complex Fourier coefficients) converges, as $\\beta\\to\\infty$, to the law of an action-vector for solution of an auxiliary effective equation, and the stationary distribution of the action-vector for solutions of $(*)$ converges to that of the effective equation. Moreover, this convergence is uniform in $\\kappa\\in(0,1]$. The effective equation is an infinite system of stochastic equations which splits into invariant subsystems of complex dimension $\\le3$; each of these subsystems is an integrable hamiltonian system, coupled with a Langevin thermostat. Under the iterated limits $\\lim_{L=\\rho\\to\\infty} \\lim_{\\beta\\to\\infty}$ and $\\lim_{\\kappa\\to 0} \\lim_{\\beta\\to\\infty}$ we get similar systems. In particular, none of the three limiting systems exhibits the energy cascade to high frequencies.

  7. Systematic motions in the Galactic plane found in the Hipparcos Catalogue using Herschel's Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abad, C; Abad, Carlos; Vieira, Katherine

    2005-01-01

    Two motions in the galactic plane have been detected and characterized, based on the determination of a common systematic component in Hipparcos catalogue proper motions. The procedure is based only on positions, proper motions and parallaxes, plus a special algorithm which is able to reveal systematic trends. Our results come from two stellar samples. Sample 1 has 4566 stars and defines a motion of apex (l,b)=(177.8,3.7)+/-(1.5,1.0) and space velocity V=27+/-1 km/s. Sample 2 has 4083 stars and defines a motion of apex (l,b)=(5.4,-0.6)+/-(1.9,1.1) and space velocity V=32+/-2 km/s. Both groups are distributed all over the sky and cover a large variety of spectral types, which means that they do not belong to a specific stellar population. Herschel's method is used to define the initial samples of stars and later to compute the common space velocity. The intermediate process is based on the use of a special algorithm to determine systematic components in the proper motions. As an important contribution, this pa...

  8. Systematic motions in the Galactic plane found in the Hipparcos Catalogue using Herschel's Method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlos Abad; Katherine Vieira

    2005-10-16

    Two motions in the galactic plane have been detected and characterized, based on the determination of a common systematic component in Hipparcos catalogue proper motions. The procedure is based only on positions, proper motions and parallaxes, plus a special algorithm which is able to reveal systematic trends. Our results come from two stellar samples. Sample 1 has 4566 stars and defines a motion of apex (l,b)=(177.8,3.7)+/-(1.5,1.0) and space velocity V=27+/-1 km/s. Sample 2 has 4083 stars and defines a motion of apex (l,b)=(5.4,-0.6)+/-(1.9,1.1) and space velocity V=32+/-2 km/s. Both groups are distributed all over the sky and cover a large variety of spectral types, which means that they do not belong to a specific stellar population. Herschel's method is used to define the initial samples of stars and later to compute the common space velocity. The intermediate process is based on the use of a special algorithm to determine systematic components in the proper motions. As an important contribution, this paper sets out a new way to study the kinematics of the solar neighborhood, in the search for streams, associations, clusters and any other space motion shared by a large number of stars, without being restricted by the availability of radial velocities.

  9. The Arecibo Methanol Maser Galactic Plane Survey - II: Statistical and Multi-wavelength Counterpart Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jagadheep D. Pandian; Paul F. Goldsmith

    2007-08-23

    We present an analysis of the properties of the 6.7 GHz methanol maser sample detected in the Arecibo Methanol Maser Galactic Plane Survey. The distribution of the masers in the Galaxy, and statistics of their multi-wavelength counterparts is consistent with the hypothesis of 6.7 GHz maser emission being associated with massive young stellar objects. Using the detection statistics of our survey, we estimate the minimum number of methanol masers in the Galaxy to be 1275. The l-v diagram of the sample shows the tangent point of the Carina-Sagittarius spiral arm to be around 49.6 degrees, and suggests occurrence of massive star formation along the extension of the Crux-Scutum arm. A Gaussian component analysis of the maser spectra shows the mean line-width to be 0.38 km/s which is more than a factor of two larger than what has been reported in the literature. We also find no evidence that faint methanol masers have different properties than those of their bright counterparts.

  10. Self-sustaining turbulence in a restricted nonlinear model of plane Couette flow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas, Vaughan L.; Gayme, Dennice F.; Lieu, Binh K.; Jovanovi?, Mihailo R.; Farrell, Brian F.; Ioannou, Petros J.

    2014-10-15

    This paper demonstrates the maintenance of self-sustaining turbulence in a restricted nonlinear (RNL) model of plane Couette flow. The RNL system is derived directly from the Navier-Stokes equations and permits higher resolution studies of the dynamical system associated with the stochastic structural stability theory (S3T) model, which is a second order approximation of the statistical state dynamics of the flow. The RNL model shares the dynamical restrictions of the S3T model but can be easily implemented by reducing a DNS code so that it retains only the RNL dynamics. Comparisons of turbulence arising from DNS and RNL simulations demonstrate that the RNL system supports self-sustaining turbulence with a mean flow as well as structural and dynamical features that are consistent with DNS. These results demonstrate that the simplified RNL system captures fundamental aspects of fully developed turbulence in wall-bounded shear flows and motivate use of the RNL/S3T framework for further study of wall-turbulence.

  11. Plane wave holonomies in loop quantum gravity II: sine wave solution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Donald E. Neville

    2014-11-10

    This paper constructs an approximate sinusoidal wave packet solution to the equations of loop quantum gravity (LQG). There is an SU(2) holonomy on each edge of the LQG simplex, and the goal is to study the behavior of these holonomies under the influence of a passing gravitational wave. The equations are solved in a small sine approximation: holonomies are expanded in powers of sines, and terms beyond $\\sin^2$ are dropped; also, fields vary slowly from vertex to vertex. The wave is unidirectional and linearly polarized. The Hilbert space is spanned by a set of coherent states tailored to the symmetry of the plane wave case. Fixing the spatial diffeomorphisms is equivalent to fixing the spatial interval between vertices of the loop quantum gravity lattice. This spacing can be chosen such that the eigenvalues of the triad operators are large, as required in the small sine limit, even though the holonomies are not large. Appendices compute the energy of the wave, estimate the lifetime of the coherent state packet, discuss coarse-graining, and determine the behavior of the spinors used in the U(N) SHO realization of LQG.

  12. Finite Linear Spaces, Plane Geometries, Hilbert spaces and Finite Phase Space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Revzen; A. Mann

    2015-08-03

    Finite plane geometry is associated with finite dimensional Hilbert space. The association allows mapping of q-number Hilbert space observables to the c-number formalism of quantum mechanics in phase space. The mapped entities reflect geometrically based line-point interrelation. Particularly simple formulas are involved when use is made of mutually unbiased bases (MUB) representations for the Hilbert space entries. The geometry specifies a point-line interrelation. Thus underpinning d-dimensional Hilbert space operators (resp. states) with geometrical points leads to operators termed "line operators" underpinned by the geometrical lines. These "line operators", $\\hat{L}_j;$ (j designates the line) form a complete orthogonal basis for Hilbert space operators. The representation of Hilbert space operators in terms of these operators form the phase space representation of the d-dimensional Hilbert space. The "line operators" (resp. "line states") are studied in detail. The paper aims at self sufficiency and to this end all relevant notions are explained herewith.

  13. Characteristics of streamer discharge development between the dielectric-coated sphere-plane electrodes in water

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhu Taiyun; Yang Lanjun; Jia Zhijie; Zhang Qiaogen [State Key Laboratory of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi'an Jiaotong University, 28 West Xianning Road, Xi'an 710049 (China)

    2008-12-01

    This paper presents the characteristics of the streamer discharge development between the dielectric-coated sphere-plane electrodes in water. In order to study the streamer propagation mechanism, the factors such as polarities, water conductivity, and ambient pressure were taken into consideration. Experimental results demonstrate that the water conductivity and amplitude of applied voltage both have a great influence on mean velocity and brightness of the streamer. When the ambient pressure decreases from 0.1 to 0.0065 MPa, the pressure has little influence on the mean velocities of the streamer in both distilled and tap water for fast streamer. The existence of dielectric coating causes a lower initiation voltage of the streamer for negative polarity than that for positive one. Also, the 10% breakdown voltage (U{sub 10%}) is decreased by 20% under the pressure of 0.0065 MPa than that under the pressure of 0.1 MPa in distilled water, while the U{sub 10%} is almost the same under different pressures in tap water. Based on the analysis of the discharge images and current waveforms as well as the above experimental results, it can be concluded that the streamer propagation is composed of the generation of the microbubbles and the discharge in the bubbles. For subsonic streamer, the generation of the bubbles is more likely a thermal process, whereas for supersonic streamer, the ionization and dissociation of water molecules in high electric field are involved in the bubble generation process.

  14. Seismic Response Of Masonry Plane Walls: A Numerical Study On Spandrel Strength

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Betti, Michele; Galano, Luciano; Vignoli, Andrea [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering (DICeA) University of Florence, Via di S. Marta 3, I-50139, Florence (Italy)

    2008-07-08

    The paper reports the results of a numerical investigation on masonry walls subjected to in-plane seismic loads. This research aims to verify the formulae of shear and flexural strength of masonry spandrels which are given in the recent Italian Standards. Seismic pushover analyses have been carried out using finite element models of unreinforced walls and strengthened walls introducing reinforced concrete (RC) beams at the floor levels. Two typologies of walls have been considered distinguished for the height to length ratio h/l of the spandrels: a) short beams (h/l = 1.33) and b) slender beams (h/l = 0.5). Results obtained for the unreinforced and the strengthened walls are compared with equations for shear and flexural strength provided in Standards [1]. The numerical analyses show that the reliability of these equations is at least questionable especially for the prediction of the flexural strength. In the cases in which the axial force has not been determined by the structural analysis, Standards seems to overestimate the flexural strength of short spandrels both for the unreinforced and the strengthened wall.

  15. Performance of a narrow band microwave filter implemented in thin-film YBa sub 2 Cu sub 3 O sub 7 minus. delta. with ohmic contacts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kalokitis, D.; Fathy, A.; Pendrick, V.; Belohoubek, E. ); Findikoglu, A.; Inam, A.; Xi, X.X.; Venkatesan, T. ); Barner, J.B. )

    1991-02-04

    Using {ital in} {ital situ} deposited thin-film Y{sub 1}Ba{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7{minus}{delta}} on LaAlO{sub 3} substrates, we have developed a pseudo-interdigital three-pole stripline filter with a minimum passband loss under 3.5 dB at 9.5 GHz and 77 K. The passband is very narrow, having a bandwidth of only 50 MHz (0.5%). The filter occupies a volume of less than 0.1 cm{sup 3}. An equivalent copper filter produced a loss of 18.5 and 28 dB at 77 and 300 K, respectively. The input and output coupling is achieved by {ital ex} {ital situ} sputtered Au thin-film contacts defined on the Y{sub 1}Ba{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7{minus}{delta}} by a lift-off technology and ultrasonically bonded to hermetic K connectors. Some of the major concerns in the realization of narrow band filters such as air gaps between high dielectric constant substrates and uniformity of the substrate's dielectric constant are addressed.

  16. Flight Test of Weapons System Body by Navy Successful | National...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    nuclear explosive testing." The FCET-51 reentry body was designed to measure vibration and shock environments in flight. The next-generation telemetry capability was...

  17. Some Observations Regarding Steady Laminar Flows Past Bluff Bodies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fornberg, Bengt

    Some Observations Regarding Steady Laminar Flows Past Bluff Bodies Bengt Fornberg Department, 2013. February 4, 2014 Abstract Steady laminar flows past simple objects, such as a cylinder

  18. Noncommutative Black-Body Radiation: Implications On Cosmic Microwave Background

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amir H. Fatollahi; Maryam Hajirahimi

    2006-07-12

    Including loop corrections, black-body radiation in noncommutative space is anisotropic. A direct implication of possible space noncommutativity on the Cosmic Microwave Background map is argued.

  19. ROCKING AND OVERTURNING RESPONSE OF RIGID BODIES TO EARTHQUAKE MOTIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aslam, M.

    2011-01-01

    Pendulum Structures During Earthquakes," Bulletin of theand Tsai, N.C. , "Simulated Earthquake Motions," CaliforniaResponse of Rigid Bodies to Earthquake Motions M. Aslam W.

  20. Elimination of Vortex Streets in Bluff-Body Flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-05-16

    May 21, 2008 ... structural vibrations if the body is flexibly mounted, espe- cially in the ..... designs along this line have supported the findings of this. Letter, one ...