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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "napl non-aqueous phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Vibration-induced mobilization of trapped non-aqueous phase liquids in porous media.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Acoustic wave stimulation, such as vibration-induced mobilization, is a promising enhancement approach to remove trapped NAPLs (Non-Aqueous Phase Liquids) usually encountered in multiphase flows through… (more)

Li, Wenqing

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Phase Stability of Multicomponent NAPLs Containing PAHs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to produce complex synthetic NAPLs which can be used as surrogate materials to simulate the behavior of a contaminant is dependent on its phase state. For solid phase contaminants in contact with water, the maximum assessment, predicting remediation effectiveness, and experimental research. In this paper, we discuss NAPL

Peters, Catherine A.

3

Northeast Site Non-Aqueous Phase Liquids Interim Measures Progress Report October through December 2002  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

700 700 GJO-2003-411-TAC GJO-PIN 13.5.1-1 Pinellas Environmental Restoration Project Northeast Site Non-Aqueous Phase Liquids Interim Measures Progress Report October through December 2002 January 2003 Prepared by U.S. Department of Energy Grand Junction Office Grand Junction, Colorado Work Performed Under DOE Contract Number DE-AC13-02GJ79491 Task Order Number ST03-107 Document Number N0057700 Contents DOE/Grand Junction Office Northeast Site NAPL Interim Measures Progress Report January 2003 Page ii Contents Acronyms and Abbreviations ........................................................................................................ iii 1.0 Introduction ............................................................................................................................1

4

Pore-scale analysis of solubilization and mobilization of trapped NAPL blobs in porous media  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NAPL (non-aqueous phase liquid) blob mobilization and solubilization models were developed to predict residual NAPL fate and describe flow dynamics of various displacing phases (water and surfactant foam). The models were achieved by pore-scale mass...

Yoon, Sun Hee

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

5

Northeast Site Non-Aqueous Phase Liquids Interim Measures Progress...  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

cis-1,2- DCE (mgkg) Methylene Chloride (mgkg) Toluene (mgkg) TCE (mgkg) Florida Petroleum Range Organics (mgkg) NAPL Remediation Goals 71,000 227,000 15,000 20,400 2,500,000...

6

Northeast Site Non-Aqueous Phase Liquids Interim Measures Progress Report-January through March 2003  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

4-TAC 4-TAC GJO-PIN 13.5.1-1 Pinellas Environmental Restoration Project January through March 2003 Northeast Site Non-Aqueous Phase Liquids Interim Measures Progress Report April 2003 Grand Junction Office U.S. Department of Energy Work Performed Under DOE Contract No. for the U.S. Department of Energy DE-AC13-02GJ79491 Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. N0060900 GJO-2003-434-TAC GJO-PIN 13.5.1-1 Pinellas Environmental Restoration Project Northeast Site Non-Aqueous Phase Liquids Interim Measures Progress Report January through March 2003 April 2003 Prepared by U.S. Department of Energy Grand Junction Office Grand Junction, Colorado Work Performed Under DOE Contract Number DE-AC13-02GJ79491 Task Order Number ST03-107

7

Introduction The release of nonaqueous phase liquids (NAPLs) to  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

produced through the -decay of radium-226 Abstract Naturally occurring radon in ground water can create long-term sources of ground water contamination as the NAPL slowly dissolves into ground water (Mercer and Cohen 1990; Cohen and Mercer 1993). Effective remediation of subsurface NAPL contamination

Semprini, Lewis

8

Microsoft Word - N0075800-NAPL April to June 04.doc  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

April Through June 2004 April Through June 2004 July 2004 Work Performed Under DOE Contract No. for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management. DE-AC01-02GJ79491 Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Office of Legacy Management Office of Legacy Management Office of Legacy Management Office of Legacy Management DOE LM/ 6 2004 - - GJ 93 N0075800 DOE-LM/GJ693-2004 Pinellas Environmental Restoration Project Northeast Site Non-Aqueous Phase Liquids Interim Measures Progress Report April through June 2004 July 2004 Work Performed by S.M. Stoller Corporation under DOE Contract No. DE-AC01-02GJ79491 for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management, Grand Junction, Colorado Document Number N0075800 Contents U.S. Department of Energy Northeast Site NAPL Interim Measures Progress Report

9

Non-Aqueous Battery Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...0 V. Practical non-aqueous batteries have energies extending from 100...electric watches to 20 kWh secondary batteries being developed for vehicle traction...10 years, to a military lithium thermal battery delivering all of its energy in...

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Project Overview: Successful Field-Scale in SITU Thermal NAPL Remediation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) successfully completed a field-scale remediation to remove non-aqueous phase liquids (NAPLs) from the subsurface at the Northeast Site on the Young-Rainey Science, Technology, and Research (STAR) Center, Largo, Florida. The Young-Rainey STAR Center is a former DOE facility that was previously known as the Pinellas Plant and the Pinellas STAR Center. The remediation project encompassed an area of 10,000 ft2 and depths extending to 35 ft below ground surface. Prior to the remediation, DOE evaluated technologies that had the potential to remove NAPLs from the subsurface at the site. Because of site conditions (clay lenses and an underlying clay layer that were thought to be contaminated), steam injection and electrical heating were considered to be the only technologies that had the potential to remove these NAPLs. In July 2001, DOE’s contractor awarded a subcontract for removal of NAPLs from a portion of the Northeast Site. The technologies used for remediation were a combination of steam-enhanced extraction and Electro-Thermal Dynamic Stripping Process, an electrical resistive heating technology. Construction of the remediation system was completed in September 2002. Remedial operations began immediately after construction, and active heating ended in February 2003. After operations were completed, confirmatory sampling was conducted during a 6-month period to verify the level of cleanup achieved. Additional confirmatory sampling was conducted 18 months after operations ended. Analytical results of the confirmatory sampling showed that NAPL concentrations were reduced significantly below the required cleanup goals and, in most cases, below the regulatory maximum contaminant levels. Lessons learned relative to the design, construction, operation, confirmatory sampling approach, and subcontracting could benefit managers of similar remediation projects.

Butherus, Michael [S.M. Stoller Corporation; Ingle, David S. [S.M. Stoller Corporation; Juhlin, Randall [S.M. Stoller Corporation; Daniel, Joseph [S.M. Stoller Corporation; none,

2004-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

11

Successful Field-Scale In Situ Thermal NAPL Remediation at the Young-Rainey Star Center  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) successfully completed a fieldscale remediation to remove non-aqueous phase liquids (NAPLs) from the subsurface at a site on the Young-Rainey Science, Technology, and Research (STAR) Center, Largo, Florida. The STAR Center is a former DOE facility. The remediation project covered an area of 930 m2 (10,000 ft2) and depths extending to 10.5 m (35 ft) below ground surface. In July 2001, DOE’s contractor awarded a subcontract to SteamTech Environmental Services for removal of NAPLs from a portion of the Northeast Site. The technologies used for remediation were steam-enhanced extraction and Electro-Thermal Dynamic Stripping Process, an electrical resistive heating technology. McMillan-McGee Corporation implemented the process. Construction of the remediation system was completed in September 2002. Operations began immediately after construction, and active heating ended in February 2003. After operations were completed, confirmatory sampling was conducted over a 6-month period to verify the level of cleanup achieved. Results of the sampling showed that NAPL concentrations were reduced significantly below the required cleanup goals and, in most cases, below the regulatory maximum contaminant levels. Lessons learned relative to the design, construction, operation, confirmatory sampling approach, and subcontracting could benefit managers of similar remediation projects

Gavaskar, A.R. [ed.; Chen, A.S.C. [ed.; none,

2004-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

12

Long-Term Composition Dynamics of PAH-Containing NAPLs and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

08544 Subsurface contaminants such as coal tar, creosote, diesel fuel, and other petroleum the factors governing human health risk assessment for multicomponent nonaqueous phase liquids (NAPLs of environmental pollution involving PAHs is subsurface contamination from nonaque- ous phase liquid (NAPL

Peters, Catherine A.

13

Microsoft Word - N0074600-NAPL-Jan to March.doc  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

January Through March 2004 January Through March 2004 April 2004 Work Performed Under DOE Contract No. for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management. DE-AC01-02GJ79491 Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Office of Legacy Management Office of Legacy Management Office of Legacy Management Office of Legacy Management DOE LM/ 646 2004 - - GJ N0074600 DOE-LM/GJ646-2004 Pinellas Environmental Restoration Project Northeast Site Non-Aqueous Phase Liquids Interim Measures Progress Report January through March 2004 April 2004 Work Performed by S.M. Stoller Corporation under DOE Contract No. DE-AC01-02GJ79491 for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management, Grand Junction, Colorado Document Number N0074600 Contents U.S. Department of Energy Northeast Site NAPL Interim Measures Progress Report

14

Application of a NAPL partitioning interwell tracer test (PITT) to support DNAPL remediation at the Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico chemical waste landfill  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Chlorinated solvents as dense non-aqueous phase liquid (DNAPL) are present at a large number of hazardous waste sites across the U.S. and world. DNAPL is difficult to detect in the subsurface, much less characterize to any degree of accuracy. Without proper site characterization, remedial decisions are often difficult to make and technically effective, cost-efficient remediations are even more difficult to obtain. A new non-aqueous phase liquid (NAPL) characterization technology that is superior to conventional technologies has been developed and applied at full-scale. This technology, referred to as the Partitioning Interwell Tracer Test (PITT), has been adopted from oil-field practices and tailored to environmental application in the vadose and saturated zones. A PITT has been applied for the first time at full-scale to characterize DNAPL in the vadose zone. The PITT was applied in December 1995 beneath two side-by-side organic disposal pits at Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico (SNL/NM) RCRA Interim Status Chemical Waste Landfill (CWL), located in Albuquerque, New Mexico. DNAPL, consisting of a mixture of chlorinated solvents, aromatic hydrocarbons, and PCE oils, is known to exist in at least one of the two buried pits. The vadose zone PITT was conducted by injecting a slug of non-partitioning and NAPL-partitioning tracers into and through a zone of interest under a controlled forced gradient. The forced gradient was created by a balanced extraction of soil gas at a location 55 feet from the injector. The extracted gas stream was sampled over time to define tracer break-through curves. Soil gas sampling ports from multilevel monitoring installations were sampled to define break-through curves at specific locations and depths. Analytical instrumentation such as gas chromatographs and a photoacoustical analyzers operated autonomously, were used for tracer detection.

Studer, J.E. [INTERA Inc., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Mariner, P.; Jin, M. [INTERA Inc., Austin, TX (United States)] [and others

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

naples_cover  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Software-as-a-Service Optimised Scheduling Software-as-a-Service Optimised Scheduling of a Solar-Assisted HVAC System with Thermal Storage A. Mammoli a , M. Stadler b , N. DeForest b , H. Barsun a , R. Burnett a and C. Marnay b a University of New Mexico (UNM) MSC01-1150 1 University of New Mexico Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA b Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) 1 Cyclotron Road Berkeley, CA 94720, USA Environmental Energy Technologies Division to be presented at the 3 rd International Conference on Microgeneration and Related Technologies Naples, 15-17 April 2013 http://eetd.lbl.gov/EA/EMP/emp-pubs.html This work was supported by the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability's Energy Storage and Smart Grid Programs in the U.S. Department of Energy, under contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231 (LBNL) and through

16

Future Perspectives in melanoma research: Meeting report from the "Melanoma Research: a bridge Naples-USA. Naples, December 6th-7th 2010".  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Research: a bridge Naples-USA. Naples, December 6 th -7 thResearch: a bridge Naples-USA. Naples, December 6 th -7 thResearch: a bridge Naples-USA. Naples, December 6 th -7 th

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Cross borehole induced polarization to detect subsurface NAPL at the Savannah River Site, South Carolina  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spectral induced polarization measurements were acquired in six cross-borehole panels within four boreholes at the Savannah River Site. The investigation was performed to delineate the presence of dense non-aqueous phase ...

Lambert, Michael B. (Michael Brian), 1980-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Phenyl boron-based compounds as anion receptors for non-aqueous battery electrolytes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Novel fluorinated boronate-based compounds which act as anion receptors in non-aqueous battery electrolytes are provided. When added to non-aqueous battery electrolytes, the fluorinated boronate-based compounds of the invention enhance ionic conductivity and cation transference number of non-aqueous electrolytes. The fluorinated boronate-based anion receptors include different fluorinated alkyl and aryl groups.

Lee, Hung Sui (East Setauket, NY); Yang, Xiao-Qing (Port Jefferson Station, NY); McBreen, James (Bellport, NY); Sun, Xuehui (Middle Island, NY)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

A Practical Model for Mobile, Residual, and Entrapped NAPL in...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A Practical Model for Mobile, Residual, and Entrapped NAPL in Water-Wet Porous Media. A Practical Model for Mobile, Residual, and Entrapped NAPL in Water-Wet Porous Media....

20

Naples, Maine: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Naples, Maine: Energy Resources Naples, Maine: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 43.971739°, -70.6092258° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.971739,"lon":-70.6092258,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "napl non-aqueous phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Artists, Patrons, and Trust in Seventeenth-Century Naples: The Case of the Certosa di San Martino  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

San Martino a Napoli. Naples: De Mauro Editore, Cavaciocchi,Martino a Napoli (Naples: De Mauro Editore, 1973), and J.

Napoli, J. Nicholas

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Secondary imbibition in NAPL-invaded mixed-wet sediments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Secondary imbibition in NAPL-invaded mixed-wet sediments Ahmed Al-Futaisia,b , Tad W. Patzekb to study the spontaneous and forced secondary imbibition of a NAPL-invaded sediment, as in the displacement-wet sediment, i.e., the receding contact angles are very small. However, depending on the surface mineralogy

Patzek, Tadeusz W.

23

Partitioning and Interfacial Tracers for Differentiating NAPL Entrapment Configuration:? Column-Scale Investigation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Partitioning and Interfacial Tracers for Differentiating NAPL Entrapment Configuration:? Column-Scale Investigation ... In field investigations, such as partitioning interwell tracer tests (PITTs), tracers are deployed before and after cleanup implementation to assess remedial performance (13, 26?28). ... The use of 222Rn, a naturally occurring radioactive isotope, was investigated as a partitioning tracer to detect and quantify the amt. of non-aq.-phase ...

Dongping Dai; Frank T. Barranco Jr.; Tissa H. Illangasekare

2001-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

24

Microsoft Word - DOE_RM_DM-#350832-v1-NAPL_Quarterly_April-June_2006.DOC  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Northeast Site Northeast Site Non-Aqueous Phase Liquids Interim Measures Progress Report April through June 2006 July 2006 Office of Legacy Management DOE M/1253-2006 -L Work Performed Under DOE Contract No. for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management. DE-AC01-02GJ79491 Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Office of Legacy Management Office of Legacy Management Office of Legacy Management U.S. Department of Energy DOE-LM/1253-2006 Pinellas Environmental Restoration Project Northeast Site Non-Aqueous Phase Liquids Interim Measures Progress Report April through June 2006 July 2006 Work Performed by S.M. Stoller Corporation under DOE Contract No. DE-AC01-02GJ79491 for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management, Grand Junction, Colorado

25

Microsoft Word - DOE_RM_DM-#345139-v1-NAPL_Quarterly_Oct-Dec_2005.DOC  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

5 5 2006 - -L U.S. Department of Energy Work Performed Under DOE Contract No. for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management. DE-AC01-02GJ79491 Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Office of Legacy Management Office of Legacy Management Office of Legacy Management Pinellas Environmental Restoration Project Northeast Site Non-Aqueous Phase Liquids Interim Measure Progress Report October Through December 2005 January 2006 DOE-LM/GJ1105-2006 Pinellas Environmental Restoration Project Northeast Site Non-Aqueous Phase Liquids Interim Measures Progress Report October through December 2005 January 2006 Work Performed by S.M. Stoller Corporation under DOE Contract No. DE-AC01-02GJ79491 for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management, Grand Junction, Colorado

26

Microsoft Word - DOE_RM_DM-#100069-v1-NAPL_Quarterly_Oct-Dec_2004.DOC  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

1 1 U.S. Department of Energy Work Performed Under DOE Contract No. for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management. DE-AC01-02GJ79491 Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Office of Legacy Management Office of Legacy Management Office of Legacy Management Pinellas Environmental Restoration Project Northeast Site Non-Aqueous Phase Liquids Interim Measure Progress Report October through December 2004 January 2005 DOE-LM/GJ801-2005 Pinellas Environmental Restoration Project Northeast Site Non-Aqueous Phase Liquids Interim Measures Progress Report October through December 2004 January 2005 Work Performed by S.M. Stoller Corporation under DOE Contract No. DE-AC01-02GJ79491 for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management, Grand Junction, Colorado

27

Microsoft Word - N0071600-NAPL-Oct to Dec.doc  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

6-TAC 6-TAC U.S. Department of Energy Pinellas Environmental Restoration Project Northeast Site Non-Aqueous Phase Liquids Interim Measure Progress Report October Through December 2003 January 2004 Work Performed Under DOE Contract No. for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management, Grand Junction, Colorado. DE-AC01-02GJ79491 Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Office of Legacy Management Office of Legacy Management Office of Legacy Management N0071600 GJO-2004-556-TAC PIN 700.15.10 Pinellas Environmental Restoration Project Northeast Site Non-Aqueous Phase Liquids Interim Measures Progress Report October through December 2003 January 2004 Work Performed by S.M. Stoller Corporation under DOE Contract No. DE-AC01-02GJ79491

28

Partial-filling micellar electrokinetic chromatography and non-aqueous capillary electrophoresis for the analysis of selected agrochemicals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Selected agrochemicals (s-triazines and phenoxy acids) have been investigated with partial-filling micellar electrokinetic chromatography (PFMEKC) and non-aqueous capillary electrophoresis (NACE). Because these ...

F. Menzinger; Ph. Schmitt-Kopplin…

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Northeast Site Area A NAPL Remediation Final Report.doc  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

82-TAC 82-TAC U.S. Department of Energy Work Performed Under DOE Contract No. for the U.S. Department of Energy DE-AC13-02GJ79491 Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Pinellas Environmental Restoration Project Northeast Site Area A NAPL Remediation Final Report September 2003 N0065200 GJO- 2003- 482- TAC GJO- PIN 13.12.10 Pinellas Environmental Restoration Project Northeast Site Area A NAPL Remediation Final Report Young - Rainey STAR Center September 2003 Prepared by U.S. Department of Energy Grand Junction Office Grand Junction, Colorado Work Performed Under DOE Contract Number DE-AC13- 02GJ79491 Document Number N0065200 Contents DOE/Grand Junction Office Northeast Site Area A NAPL Remediation Final Report September 2003 Page iii

30

Microsoft Word - DOE_RM_DM-#102768-v1-NAPL_Quarterly_Report_Jan-March_2005.ƒ  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

6 6 U.S. Department of Energy Work Performed Under DOE Contract No. for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management. DE-AC01-02GJ79491 Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Office of Legacy Management Office of Legacy Management Office of Legacy Management Pinellas Environmental Restoration Project Northeast Site Non-Aqueous Phase Liquids Interim Measure Progress Report January through March 2005 April 2005 DOE-LM/GJ876-2005 Pinellas Environmental Restoration Project Northeast Site Non-Aqueous Phase Liquids Interim Measures Progress Report January through March 2005 April 2005 Work Performed by S.M. Stoller Corporation under DOE Contract No. DE-AC01-02GJ79491 for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management, Grand Junction, Colorado

31

Germany Picks Up Scent of In Solving Naples's Trash Crisis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Germany Picks Up Scent of Profit In Solving Naples's Trash Crisis By STACY MEICHTRY and ALMUT incinerators across Germany that have recently cut deals with the Italian government to burn up to 200,000 tons in northern Germany charge between 150 and 250 ($237 to $394) to incinerate one ton of waste, estimates

Columbia University

32

NETL: Bench-Scale Development of a Non-Aqueous Solvent CO2 Capture Process  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Bench-Scale Development of a Non-Aqueous Solvent (NAS) CO2 Capture Process for Coal-Fired Power Plants Bench-Scale Development of a Non-Aqueous Solvent (NAS) CO2 Capture Process for Coal-Fired Power Plants Project No.: DE-FE0013865 Research Triangle Institute (RTI) is continuing the development process for a non-aqueous solvent (NAS)-based CO2 capture process that was originated at laboratory scale under an ARPA-E project. This project will conduct bench-scale testing to show the potential of the technology to reduce the parasitic energy penalty. Key technical and economic challenges and uncertainties to be addressed include solvent makeup cost, scalable regenerator design, development of a complete NAS process arrangement, and improved confidence in the capital cost estimate that will enable the scale up of the process. One major focus is identification of best-candidate NAS formulations. This will entail reducing solvent makeup costs by reducing the formulation cost. In addition, efforts will be made to reduce evaporative and degradation losses while maintaining the desired CO2 absorption chemistry. A second focus area involves advancing the design of the process. This will be done by developing and evaluating the effectiveness of two process units specific to NASs - the NAS Recovery/Wash Section and NAS Regenerator. As the project proceeds, the testing campaign will evaluate thermal regeneration energy requirements [kJt / kg CO2] and develop a detailed understanding of the operation of the process. Preliminary analyses indicate that the NAS process can reduce energy consumption by 30 to 50 percent compared to current state of the art CO2 capture processes.

33

A Non-Aqueous Reduction Process for Purifying 153Gd Produced in Natural Europium Targets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Gadolinium-153 is a low-energy gamma-emitter used in nuclear medicine imaging quality assurance. Produced in nuclear reactors using natural Eu2O3 targets, 153Gd is radiochemically separated from europium isotopes by europium reduction. However, conventional aqueous europium reduction produces hydrogen gas, a flammability hazard in radiological hot cells. We altered the traditional reduction method, using methanol as the process solvent to nearly eliminate hydrogen gas production. This new, non-aqueous reduction process demonstrates greater than 98% europium removal and gadolinium yields of 90%.

Johnsen, Amanda M.; Soderquist, Chuck Z.; McNamara, Bruce K.; Fisher, Darrell R.

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Final Report Northeast Site Area B NAPL Remediation Project  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Northeast Site Area B Northeast Site Area B NAPL Remediation Project at the Young - Rainey STAR Center Largo, Pinellas County, Florida April 2007 Office of Legacy Management DOE M/1457 2007 - -L Work Performed Under DOE Contract No. for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management. DE-AC01-02GJ79491 Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Office of Legacy Management Office of Legacy Management Office of Legacy Management U.S. Department of Energy This page intentionally left blank DOE-LM/1457-2007 Final Report Northeast Site Area B NAPL Remediation Project at the Young - Rainey STAR Center Largo, Pinellas County, Florida April 2007 Work Performed by S.M. Stoller Corporation under DOE Contract No. DE-AC01-02GJ79491 for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Legacy Management, Grand Junction, Colorado

35

E-Print Network 3.0 - aquosa napls por Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

theory... can also potentially detect and quantify NAPL contamination. In this type of test, retardation factors Source: Istok, Jonathan "Jack" - School of Civil and...

36

The non-aqueous chemistry of uranium has been an active area of exploration in recent decades1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-purity depleted uranium produced as a by-product of nuclear isotope enrichment programmes. The early actinideThe non-aqueous chemistry of uranium has been an active area of exploration in recent decades1 for uranium will be created in part by the quest of researchers to understand the properties and potential

Cai, Long

37

New methods and materials for solid phase extraction and high performance liquid chromatography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes methods for solid phase extraction and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The following are described: Effects of Resin Sulfonation on the Retention of Polar Organic Compounds in Solid Phase Extraction; Ion-Chromatographic Separation of Alkali Metals In Non-Aqueous Solvents; Cation-Exchange Chromatography in Non-Aqueous Solvents; and Silicalite As a Stationary Phase For HPLC.

Dumont, P.J.

1996-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

38

A Review of "Becoming Neapolitan. Citizen Culture in Baroque Naples" by John A. Marino  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fail to see why art historians must give them a place of honor in future accounts of Western sculpture. John A. Marino. Becoming Neapolitan. Citizen Culture in Baroque Naples. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2011. 342 pp. including... fail to see why art historians must give them a place of honor in future accounts of Western sculpture. John A. Marino. Becoming Neapolitan. Citizen Culture in Baroque Naples. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2011. 342 pp. including...

Litchfield, R. Burr

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

NONAQUEOUS-PHASE LIQUID CHARACTERIZATION AND POST-REMEDIATION VERIFICATION SAMPLING  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Light and dense nonaqueous-phase liquids (NAPLs) were identified in the surficial aquifer at the Northeast Site of the Young-Rainey Science, Technology, and Research Center located in Largo, Florida. The composition and the horizontal and vertical extent of NAPLs were determined using historical site information, analysis of ground water and soil boring data, and analysis of free product recovered from wells. Trichloroethene, dichloroethene, methylene chloride, toluene, and oils were identified as NAPLs. Calculations were conducted to determine NAPL remediation goals for both soil and ground water. Following completion of in situ thermal remediation activities at a 9,900-cubic-meter NAPL contamination area, a sampling program was implemented to verify the success of the remediation. The program consisted of using hot media sampling techniques to collect soil and ground water samples at randomly chosen locations in three sampling events during a 6- month period. Verification data indicate that the remediation was successful.

Tabor, Charles [S.M. Stoller Corporation; Juhlin, Randall [S.M. Stoller Corporation; Darr, Paul [S.M. Stoller Corporation; Caballero, Julian [S.M. Stoller Corporation; Daniel, Joseph [S.M. Stoller Corporation; Ingle, David [S.M. Stoller Corporation; none,

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Accumulation of a light non-aqueous phase liquid on a flat barrier baffling a descending groundwater flow  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Riesenkampf's scheme revisited. Water Resour. Res. 47, 11521...the characteristics of ground water movement. Final Report...Dane 1999 Movement and remediation of trichloroethylene...1962-1977 Theory of ground-water movement. Princeton...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "napl non-aqueous phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Accumulation of a light non-aqueous phase liquid on a flat barrier baffling a descending groundwater flow  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...which flows past this solid-gas protruding as a static cap...encumbrances with respect to a natural or induced groundwater flow...barriers, in a sense similar to cascades of aerofoils or other barriers...Al-Maamari-et al. 2011) or to rely on natural attenuation (i.e. to leave...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Non-Aqueous Solvation of n-Octanol and Ethanol: Spectroscopic and Computational Lori M. Levering, Carrigan J. Hayes, Karen M. Callahan, Christopher M. Hadad,* and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Non-Aqueous Solvation of n-Octanol and Ethanol: Spectroscopic and Computational Studies Lori M-H bonds in n-octanol and ethanol with the organic solvents carbon tetrachloride (CCl4), cyclohexane populations of each ethanol complex and are consistent with the experimental results. Additional spectra were

43

Investigation of the Rechargeability of Li-O2 Batteries in Non-aqueous Electrolyte  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In order to understand the nature of the limited cycle life and poor energy efficiency associated with the secondary Li-O¬2 batteries the discharge products of primary Li-O2 cells at different depth of discharge (DOD) are systematically analyzed in this work. It is revealed that if discharged to 2.0 V a small amount of Li2O2 coexist with Li2CO3 and RO-(C=O)-OLi) in alkyl carbonate-based electrolyte. Further discharging the air electrodes to below 2.0 V the amount of Li2CO3 and LiRCO3 increases significantly due to the severe electrolyte decomposition. There is no Li2O detected in this alkyl carbonate electrolyte regardless of DOD. It is also found that the alkyl carbonate based electrolyte begins to decompose at 4.0 V during charging under the combined influences from the high surface area carbon, the nickel metal current collector and the oxygen atmosphere. Accordingly the impedance of the Li-O2 cell continues to increase after each discharge and recharge process indicating a repeated plating of insoluble lithium salts on the carbon surface. Therefore the whole carbon electrode becomes completely insulated only after a few cycles and loses the function of providing active tri-phase regions for the Li-oxygen batteries.

Xiao, Jie; Hu, Jian Z.; Wang, Deyu; Hu, Dehong; Xu, Wu; Graff, Gordon L.; Nie, Zimin; Liu, Jun; Zhang, Jiguang

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Prediction of the theoretical capacity of non-aqueous lithium-air Peng Tan, Zhaohuan Wei, W. Shyy, T.S. Zhao  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/non-aqueous (hybrid), and solid-state. In aqueous [4­10], hybrid [11­16], and solid-state [17­24] lithium-air batter- ies, a solid-state layer is generally used to transport Li+ ions. The internal resistance associated with this solid plate can be a main factor that limits the performance of these types of battery. In non

Zhao, Tianshou

45

HPPC EUROPAR August 31 Naples | Computer Architecture Group, Dept. Computer Science | 1 The Massively Parallel Computing Model GCA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HPPC ­ EUROPAR August 31 Naples | Computer Architecture Group, Dept. Computer Science | 1 Architecure Group #12;HPPC ­ EUROPAR August 31 Ischia | Computer Architecture Group, Dept. Computer Science Architecture Group, Dept. Computer Science | 3 Outline PART I: Global Cellular Automata (GCA) Cellular

Hoffmann, Rolf

46

Pore-scale analysis of thermal remediation of NAPL-contaminated subsurface environments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

tension forces and (b) force ratios between forces as a function of oil saturation..??.??? 95 5-11 (a) Force ratio of push force to the driving force, showing the extent of contribution of push force to the driving force and (b) force ratios....9 0.95 1 1.05 1.1 1.15 1.2 0 20 40 60 80 100 T, oC ?, g /cm 3 ?w ?o (a) 0.135 0.136 0.137 0.138 0.139 0.14 0.141 0.142 0.143 0.144 0.145 0 20 40 60 80 100 T, oC ?? , g /cm 3 (b) Figure 2-1 Temperature-dependent change of (a) NAPL...

Ahn, Min

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

47

Adsorption and desorption of contaminants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The microbial remediation of sites Contaminated with organics is well documented, however, there are some significant problems that remain to be solved in the areas of contaminants sorbed to soils and non-aqueous phase liquid (NAPL) contamination. Methods of in situ bioremediation techniques employ either the stimulation of indigenous populations by nutrient addition, or the addition of prepared bacterial cultures to the subsurface environment. Problems of contaminant sorption and NAPL`s are related in that both encompass reduced contaminant bioavailability. Non-aqueous phase liquids have been identified as a priority area for research in the In situ Program due to their presence at DOE sites and the lack of adequate technology to effectively treat this contamination. Bioremediation technologies developed as a result of this project are easily transferred to industry.

Palumbo, A.V.; Strong-Gunderson, J.M. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); DeFlaun, M.; Ensley, B. [Envirogen, Inc., Lawrenceville, NJ (United States)

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Acoustically enhanced remediation, Phase 2: Technology scaling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Weiss Associates is conducting the following three phase program investigating the in-situ application of acoustically enhanced remediation (AER) of contaminated unconsolidated soil and ground water under both saturated and unsaturated conditions: Phase I-- laboratory scale parametric investigation; Phase II--technology Scaling; and Phase III--large scale field tests. AER addresses the need for NAPL (either lighter or denser than water: LNAPL or DNAPL, respectively) in high and low permeability sediments, and the remediation of other types of subsurface contaminants (e.g., metals, radionuclides) in low permeability soils. This program has been placed in the U.S. Department of Energy`s (DOE`s) DNAPL product. Phase I indicated that AER could be used to effectively remediate NAPL in high permeability soil, and that removal of NAPL from low permeability soil could be increased since the water flux through these soils was significantly increased. Phase II, Technology Scaling, the subject of this paper, focused on (1) evaluating the characteristics of an AER field deployment system, (2) developing DNAPL flow and transport performance data under acoustic excitation, (3) predicting the effect of acoustic remediation in three-dimensional unconsolidated hydrogeologic conditions, (4) conducting an engineering analysis of acoustical sources, and (5) identifying candidate field site(s) for large-scale field testing of the technology.

Iovenitti, J.L.; Hill, D.G. [Weiss Associates, Emeryville, CA (United States); Rynne, T.M.; Spadaro, J.F.; Hutchinson, W. [Scientific Applications and Research Associates, Inc., Huntington Beach, CA (United States); Illangasakere, T. [Colorado Univ., Boulder, CO (United States). Dept. of Civil, Environmental, and Architectural Engineering

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

49

Nonaqueous-Phase Liquid Characterization and Post-Remediation Verification  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Nonaqueous-Phase Liquid Characterization and Post-Remediation Nonaqueous-Phase Liquid Characterization and Post-Remediation Verification Sampling Nonaqueous-Phase Liquid Characterization and Post-Remediation Verification Sampling Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Remediation of Chlorinated and Recalcitrant Compounds. May 2004, Monterey, California. Charles Tabor, Randall Juhlin, Paul Darr, Julian Caballero, Joseph Daniel, David Ingle Nonaqueous-Phase Liquid Characterization and Post-Remediation Verification Sampling More Documents & Publications Steam and ET-DSP Combined for DNAPL Remediation: Full-Scale Site Restoration at Young - Rainey STAR Center Project Overview: Successful Field-Scale In Situ Thermal NAPL Remediation Successful Field-Scale In Situ Thermal NAPL Remediation at the Young - Rainey STAR Center

50

Nonaqueous-Phase Liquid Characterization and Post-Remediation Verification  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Nonaqueous-Phase Liquid Characterization and Post-Remediation Nonaqueous-Phase Liquid Characterization and Post-Remediation Verification Sampling Nonaqueous-Phase Liquid Characterization and Post-Remediation Verification Sampling Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Remediation of Chlorinated and Recalcitrant Compounds. May 2004, Monterey, California. Charles Tabor, Randall Juhlin, Paul Darr, Julian Caballero, Joseph Daniel, David Ingle Nonaqueous-Phase Liquid Characterization and Post-Remediation Verification Sampling More Documents & Publications Project Overview: Successful Field-Scale In Situ Thermal NAPL Remediation Successful Field-Scale In Situ Thermal NAPL Remediation at the Young - Rainey STAR Center Steam and ET-DSP Combined for DNAPL Remediation: Full-Scale Site Restoration at Young - Rainey STAR Center

51

Superfund Record of Decision (EPA Region 6): Fourth Street Abandoned Refinery Site, Oklahoma City, OK, September 1993  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The decision document presents the selected remedial action for the Fourth Street Refinery Site (FSR site), Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, for the Ground Water Operable Unit. The Record of Decision (ROD) addresses the contamination in the ground water, which includes non-aqueous phase liquids. Principal threat wastes include 'pools' of dense non-aqueous phase liquids (DNAPLs) submerged beneath the ground water or in fractured bedrock, or NAPLs floating on water. This Ground Water Operable Unit addresses the principal threat at the site by monitoring the ground water to ensure that the contaminant levels are reduced with time due to natural attenuation, once the surface contamination is removed.

Not Available

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Serum levels of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, polychlorinated dibenzofurans and polychlorinated biphenyls in a population living in the Naples area, southern Italy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The objective of this study was to estimate the levels of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (DL-PCBs and NDL-PCBs) in blood serum obtained from non-occupationally exposed volunteers living in the Naples area (Campania Region, southern Italy). The samples were taken from two geographical zones: one was an urban area of Naples and its surroundings and the other was located in an area deemed to be at high environmental risk. Total mean concentrations of these persistent pollutants proved to be in the range 1.43–17.38 pg WHO-TEQ 1998 g?1 lipid for PCDD/Fs, and 0.98–25.45 pg WHO-TEQ 1998 g?1 lipid for DL-PCBs. NDL-PCBs were in the range 316.57–482.90 ng g?1 lipid. No significant differences were observed between women and men, nor between donors living in the two different areas. The mean levels of PCDD/Fs and \\{PCBs\\} in the population living in the Naples area were lower than those observed in some studies of populations living in exposed areas (near incineration plants or industrial sites) and urban or rural areas.

Mauro Esposito; Francesco Paolo Serpe; Gianfranco Diletti; Giovanni Messina; Giampiero Scortichini; Cinzia La Rocca; Loredana Baldi; Michele Amorena; Marcellino Monda

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Non-aqueous solution preparation of doped and undoped Li{sub x}Mn{sub y}O{sub z}  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method is described for generation of phase-pure doped and undoped Li{sub x}Mn{sub y}O{sub z} precursors. The method of this invention uses organic solutions instead of aqueous solutions or nonsolution ball milling of dry powders to produce phase-pure precursors. These precursors can be used as cathodes for lithium-polymer electrolyte batteries. Dopants may be homogeneously incorporated to alter the characteristics of the powder. 1 fig.

Boyle, T.J.; Voigt, J.A.

1997-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

54

A Review Essay: The Sexuality of Migration: Border Crossings and Mexican Immigrant Men (2009) by Lionel Lionel Cantú Jr. and edited by Nancy A. Naples and Salvador Vidal-Ortiz  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. and edited by Nancy A. Naples and Salvador Vidal-Ortiz. New York: New York University Press, 2009, 256 pages, $22.00 Paper. Ray Sin University of Kansas Foucault reveals that sexuality and sexual identities are signifi- cant axes of power but it is only...

Ray, Sin

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Multimedia fate of petroleum hydrocarbons in the soil: Oil matrix of constructed biopiles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A dynamic multimedia fugacity model was used to evaluate the partitioning and fate of petroleum hydrocarbon fractions and aromatic indicator compounds within the soil: oil matrix of three biopiles. Each biopile was characterised by four compartments: air, water, soil solids and non-aqueous phase liquid (NAPL). Equilibrium partitioning in biopile A and B suggested that most fractions resided in the NAPL, with the exception of the aromatic fraction with an equivalent carbon number from 5 to 7 (EC5?7). In Biopile C, which had the highest soil organic carbon content (13%), the soil solids were the most important compartment for both light aliphatic fractions (EC5?6 and EC6?8) and aromatic fractions, excluding the EC16?21 and EC21?35. Our starting hypothesis was that hydrocarbons do not degrade within the NAPL. This was supported by the agreement between predicted and measured hydrocarbon concentrations in Biopile B when the degradation rate constant in NAPL was set to zero. In all scenarios, biodegradation in soil was predicted as the dominant removal process for all fractions, except for the aliphatic EC5?6 which was predominantly lost via volatilization. The absence of an explicit NAPL phase in the model yielded a similar prediction of total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) behaviour; however the predicted concentrations in the air and water phases were significantly increased with consequent changes in potential mobility. Further comparisons between predictions and measured data, particularly concentrations in the soil mobile phases, are required to ascertain the true value of including an explicit NAPL in models of this kind.

Frédéric Coulon; Michael J. Whelan; Graeme I. Paton; Kirk T. Semple; Raffaella Villa; Simon J.T. Pollard

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

HYDROGEL TRACER BEADS: THE DEVELOPMENT, MODIFICATION, AND TESTING OF AN INNOVATIVE TRACER FOR BETTER UNDERSTANDING LNAPL TRANSPORT IN KARST AQUIFERS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of this specific research task is to develop proxy tracers that mimic contaminant movement to better understand and predict contaminant fate and transport in karst aquifers. Hydrogel tracer beads are transported as a separate phase than water and can used as a proxy tracer to mimic the transport of non-aqueous phase liquids (NAPL). They can be constructed with different densities, sizes & chemical attributes. This poster describes the creation and optimization of the beads and the field testing of buoyant beads, including sampling, tracer analysis, and quantitative analysis. The buoyant beads are transported ahead of the dissolved solutes, suggesting that light NAPL (LNAPL) transport in karst may occur faster than predicted from traditional tracing techniques. The hydrogel beads were successful in illustrating this enhanced transport.

Amanda Laskoskie, Harry M. Edenborn, and Dorothy J. Vesper

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

N0057000.doc  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

000 000 GJO- 2002-380- TAC GJO-PIN 13.5.1-1 Pinellas Environmental Restoration Project Northeast Site Non-Aqueous Phase Liquids Interim Measures Progress Report July through September 2002 October 2002 Prepared by U.S. Department of Energy Grand Junction Office Grand Junction, Colorado Work Performed Under DOE Contract Number DE-AC13-02GJ79491 Task Order Number ST03-107 Document Number N0057000 Contents DOE/Grand Junction Office Northeast Site NAPL Interim Measures Progress Report October 2002 Page ii Contents Acronyms and Abbreviations ..........................................................................................................iii 1.0 Introduction ............................................................................................................................1

58

2B-01.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

1, in: A.R. Gavaskar and A.S.C. Chen (Eds.), Remediation of Chlorinated and Recalcitrant Compounds 1, in: A.R. Gavaskar and A.S.C. Chen (Eds.), Remediation of Chlorinated and Recalcitrant Compounds -2004. Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Remediation of Chlorinated and Recalcitrant Compounds (Monterey, CA; May 2004). ISBN 1-57477-145-0, published by Battelle Press, Columbus, OH, www.battelle.org/bookstore. SUCCESSFUL FIELD-SCALE IN SITU THERMAL NAPL REMEDIATION AT THE YOUNG-RAINEY STAR CENTER ABSTRACT: The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) successfully completed a field- scale remediation to remove non-aqueous phase liquids (NAPLs) from the subsurface at a site on the Young-Rainey Science, Technology, and Research (STAR) Center, Largo, Florida. The STAR Center is a former DOE facility. The remediation project covered an

59

Microsoft Word - San Diego 2004 ORT Conference paper_1.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

presented at the Third International Conference on Oxidation and Reduction Technologies for Soil and presented at the Third International Conference on Oxidation and Reduction Technologies for Soil and Groundwater in San Diego, CA, on October 24-28, 2004 PROJECT OVERVIEW: SUCCESSFUL FIELD-SCALE IN SITU THERMAL NAPL REMEDIATION ABSTRACT: The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) successfully completed a field-scale remediation to remove non-aqueous phase liquids (NAPLs) from the subsurface at the Northeast Site on the Young-Rainey Science, Technology, and Research (STAR) Center, Largo, Florida. The Young-Rainey STAR Center is a former DOE facility that was previously known as the Pinellas Plant and the Pinellas STAR Center. The remediation project encompassed an area of 10,000 ft 2 and depths extending to 35 ft below ground surface. Prior to the remediation, DOE evaluated technologies that had the potential to remove

60

Internal Reflection Sensor for the Cone Penetrometer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objectives of this project are to design, assemble, test, and demonstrate a prototype Internal Reflection Sensor (IRS) for the cone penetrometer. The sensor will ultimately be deployed during site characterization with the goal of providing real-time, in situ detection of NonAqueous Phase Liquids (NAPLs) in the subsurface. In the first phase of this program, we have designed and assembled an IRS module that interfaces directly to a standard cone penetrometer system. Laboratory tests demonstrated that the sensor responds in real-time to a wide variety of free phase NAPLs without interference from natural materials such as water and soil of various types or dissolved contaminants. In a preliminary field test, the sensor was able to locate NAPLs at thin, discrete depths in a soil test pit when deployed with a cone penetrometer. Ruggedness of the device was tested with a series of penetrometer pushes to the depth of refusal at a clean location. There was no visible damage to the sensor and its performance did not change in the course of these experiments. Based on the successes of the Phase I program, it is recommended that the project proceed to full-scale demonstration in Phase II.

Job Bello

1998-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "napl non-aqueous phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Non-aqueous electrolyte for lithium-ion battery  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present technology relates to stabilizing additives and electrolytes containing the same for use in electrochemical devices such as lithium ion batteries and capacitors. The stabilizing additives include triazinane triones and bicyclic compounds comprising succinic anhydride, such as compounds of Formulas I and II described herein.

Zhang, Lu; Zhang, Zhengcheng; Amine, Khalil

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

62

Non-aqueous liquid compositions comprising ion exchange polymers  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Compositions, and methods of making thereof, comprising from about 1% to about 5% of a perfluorinated sulfonic acid ionomer or a hydrocarbon-based ionomer; and from about 95% to about 99% of a solvent, said solvent consisting essentially of a polyol; wherein said composition is substantially free of water and wherein said ionomer is uniformly dispersed in said solvent.

Kim, Yu Seung (Los Alamos, NM); Lee, Kwan-Soo (Blacksburg, VA); Rockward, Tommy Q. T. (Rio Rancho, NM)

2011-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

63

Investigation and Simulation of Three--Phase Flow in Porous Media  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is especially attractive for the remediation of dense NAPL (DNAPL) which have a higher density than water reduce the risk of ground and groundwater contaminations. However, if once such an infiltration of NAPL are of major concern to the supply of safe drinking water. Some substances are already toxic to human health

Cirpka, Olaf Arie

64

Phase five  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Phase five Phase five 1663 Los Alamos science and technology magazine Latest Issue:November 2013 All Issues » submit Phase five Los Alamos physicists have conclusively demonstrated the existence of a new phase of matter. November 25, 2013 Phase five Scientists still have more to learn about the exotic physics of specialty materials. What makes the cuprates special? How about a new phase of matter. Ceramic metals known as cuprates have mystified physicists for decades. They exhibit a variety of distinct phases of matter, each with its own specific properties, including a phase bearing an exotic type of magnetism, a high-temperature superconducting phase, an ordinary metal phase, a poorly understood and weird metallic phase simply called a strange metal, and an equally poorly understood metallic phase known as the pseudogap. The

65

Streamline simulation of Surfactant Enhanced Aquifer Remediation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nonaqueous Phase Liquids (NAPLS) are a recognized source of groundwater contamination. Surfactant Enhanced Aquifer Remediation (SEAR) shows promise in increasing the efficiency and effectiveness over traditional "pump and treat" NAPL remediation...

Tunison, Douglas Irvin

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

phase coherence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The state in which two signals, such as electronic or optical signals, maintain (a) a fixed phase relationship with each other or (b) a fixed phase relationship with a third signal that can serve as a referenc...

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

The use of radon (Rn-222) and volatile organic compounds in monitoring soil gas to localize NAPL contamination at a gas station in Rio Claro, São Paulo State, Brazil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study focuses on the presence of radon (222Rn) and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in soil gases at a gas station located in the city of Rio Claro, São Paulo, Brazil, where a fossil fuel leak occurred. The spatial distribution results show a correlation between 222Rn and VOCs, consistent with the fact that radon gas has a greater chemical affinity with organic phases than with water. This finding demonstrates that the presence of a residual hydrocarbon phase in an aquifer can retain radon, leading to a reduced radon content in the soil gas. The data in this study confirm the results of previous investigations, in which the method used in this study provided a preliminary fingerprint of a contaminated area. Furthermore, the data analysis time is brief, and only simple equipment is required.

E.Q. Barbosa; J.A. Galhardi; D.M. Bonotto

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Non-aqueous liquid compositions comprising ion exchange polymers reference to related application  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Compositions, and methods of making thereof, comprising from about 1% to about 5% of a perfluorinated sulfonic acid ionomer or a hydrocarbon-based ionomer; and from about 95% to about 99% of a solvent, said solvent consisting essentially of a polyol; wherein said composition is substantially free of water and wherein said ionomer is uniformly dispersed in said solvent.

Kim; Yu Seung (Los Alamos, NM), Lee; Kwan-Soo (Los Alamos, NM), Rockward; Tommy Q. T. (Rio Rancho, NM)

2012-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

69

Microwave dielectric heating of non-aqueous droplets in a microfluidic device for nanoparticle synthesis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of segmented ow reactors, in comparison with their continuous counterparts, allows nanoliter volumes. Recent developments have been directed toward scaling out of the processes by adding reactors working to directly determine the temperature inside a single droplet. The maximum temperature achieved

70

CrowdPhase: crowdsourcing the phase problem  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The idea of attacking the phase problem by crowdsourcing is introduced. Using an interactive, multi-player, web-based system, participants work simultaneously to select phase sets that correspond to better electron-density maps in order to solve low-resolution phasing problems.

Jorda, J.

2014-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

71

Quantum Spin Hall Phases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......even it is called the weak topological in- sulator (WTI). The STI and WTI correspond to the QSH and I phases, respectively...are used to distinguish various phases in the STI or WTI phases, and each phase can be associated with a mod......

Shuichi Murakami

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Influence of Wettability on the Recovery of NAPLs from Alluvium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

One chlorinated degreasing solvent DNAPL was obtained from Operable Unit 2 (OU2) at Hill Air Force Base, UT, while the second degreasing DNAPL was obtained from Kelly AFB, San Antonio, TX. ... The weathered gasoline LNAPL was obtained from a former refinery site in Ohio. ...

Varadarajan Dwarakanath; Richard E. Jackson; Gary A. Pope

2001-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

73

Mass Transfer of Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the individual components of four synthetic dense non-aqueous phase liquid (DNAPL) mixtures into the aqueous hydrocarbons (PAHs), were designed to serve as models for coal tars and creosotes. The reactor employed (PAHs) are often present in the environment as components of such dense non- aqueous phase liquids

Peters, Catherine A.

74

The partitioning and modelling of pesticide parathion in a surfactant-assisted soil-washing system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Soil sorption of organic pollutants has long been a problematic in the soil washing process because of its durability and low water solubility. This paper discussed the soil washing phenomena over a wide range of parathion concentrations and several soil samples at various fractions of organic content (foc) levels. When parathion dosage is set below the water solubility, washing performance is stable for surfactant concentrations above critical micelle concentration (cmc) and it is observed that more than 90% of parathion can be washed out when dosage is five times lower than the solubility limit. However, such trends change when non-aqueous phase liquids (NAPL) is present in the system. Parathion extraction depends very much on the surfactant dosage but is not affected by the levels of foc in the system. In between the extreme parathion dosage, a two-stage pattern is observed in these boundary regions. Washing performance is first increased with additional surfactant, but the increase slows down gradually since the sorption sites are believed to be saturated by the huge amount of surfactant in the system. A mathematical model has included foc to demonstrate such behavior and this can be used as a prediction for extraction.

W. Chu; K.H. Chan; W.K. Choy

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Risk-Based Cleanup Actions for Closure of a Brown field Site  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Operating as a rail yard from approximately 1908 to 1987, Station Place is a 7.1-acre (4,046 square meter) property located in the downtown Portland, Oregon, River District Urban Renewal Area. The site soils were impacted with metals and polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon compounds (PAHs). Benzene and select PAHs were detected in the shallow groundwater. Residual non-aqueous phase liquid (NAPL) was detected within the shallow saturated zone between 15 and 40 feet (4.5 to 12 meters) below grade and in the Troutdale Formation (used for municipal water supply at up-gradient location) at depths of up to 80 feet (24 meters) below grade. Site closure was obtained and redevelopment was completed at the site, by the Portland Development Commission and REACH Community Development, Inc., following the preparation of a baseline deterministic human health risk assessment, and beneficial land and water use determination to assess whether exposure to groundwater and soil posed a threat to human health or the environment. The property now provides affordable housing for the elderly and a city-owned parking garage. The housing provides substantial community benefit, allowing elderly people to live in a vibrant, exciting part of the city. Portland's city-owned parking garages also provide much needed parking space at reasonable rates. Both of these additions have changed an under-used Brown Field into affordable facilities, in a lively urban environment. (authors)

Rice, H.W.; Feild, J.F.; Farr Jr, L.C. [AMEC Earth and Environmental, Inc., Portland, Oregon (United States)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Phase-Transfer Catalysts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In previous chapters we learned that a phase-transfer catalyst must have two particular chemical functions to be successful, that is, it must rapidly transfer one of the reactant species into the normal phase ...

Charles M. Starks; Charles L. Liotta; Marc E. Halpern

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Piecewise Linear Phase Transitions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is shown how simple assumptions lead to piecewise linear behavior, which is observed in certain phase transitions.

Joseph B. Keller

2007-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

78

Multimedia Phase-Spaces  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Dynamic phase-spaces are suggested as a way of designing and implementing interactive multimedia systems. A dynamic phase-space is a space of properties overlayed with dynamics. The space is “decorated” with multimedia resources such ... Keywords: catastrophe theory, dynamics, installation, interactive narrative, museums, phase-space

Peter Bøgh Andersen

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Environ. Sci. Technol. 1993, 27, 2831-2843 Coal Tar Dissolution in Water-Miscible Solvents: Experimental Evaluation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 Coal tar, a dense nonaqueous phase liquid (NAPL coal tar and water. Introduction Todaythereisgrowingconcernaboutnonaqueousphase liquids (NAPLs),a classEnviron. Sci. Technol. 1993, 27, 2831-2843 Coal Tar Dissolution in Water-Miscible Solvents

Peters, Catherine A.

80

NGNP PHASE I REVIEW  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

REVIEW REVIEW NEAC REACTOR TECHNOLOGY SUBCOMMITTEE FINAL REPORT JUNE 15, 2011 EPACT 2005 REQUIREMENTS * FIRST PROJECT PHASE REVIEW-On a determination by the Secretary that the appropriate activities under the first project phase under subsection (b)(1) are nearly complete, the Secretary shall request the NERAC to conduct a comprehensive review of the Project and to report to the Secretary the recommendation of the NERAC concerning whether the Project is ready to proceed to the second project phase under subsection (b)(2) NGNP PROJECT PHASES (1) FIRST PHASE.-A first project phase shall be conducted to- (A) select and validate the appropriate technology under subsection (a)(1); (B) carry out enabling research, development, and demonstration activities on technologies and components under

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "napl non-aqueous phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Holographic Magnetic Phase Transition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study four-dimensional interacting fermions in a strong magnetic field, using the holographic Sakai-Sugimoto model of intersecting D4 and D8 branes in the deconfined, chiral-symmetric parallel phase. We find that as the magnetic field is varied, while staying in the parallel phase, the fermions exhibit a first-order phase transition in which their magnetization jumps discontinuously. Properties of this transition are consistent with a picture in which some of the fermions jump to the lowest Landau level. Similarities to known magnetic phase transitions are discussed.

Gilad Lifschytz; Matthew Lippert

2009-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

82

Degenerate Metric Phase Boundaries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The structure of boundaries between degenerate and nondegenerate solutions of Ashtekar's canonical reformulation of Einstein's equations is studied. Several examples are given of such "phase boundaries" in which the metric is degenerate on one side of a null hypersurface and non-degenerate on the other side. These include portions of flat space, Schwarzschild, and plane wave solutions joined to degenerate regions. In the last case, the wave collides with a planar phase boundary and continues on with the same curvature but degenerate triad, while the phase boundary continues in the opposite direction. We conjecture that degenerate phase boundaries are always null.

Ingemar Bengtsson; Ted Jacobson

1999-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

83

During Phase 3, WIPP  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

UPDATE: April 14, 2014 Phase 3 activities begin Two teams re-entered the WIPP underground facility on Saturday, moving closer to suspected location of the February 14...

84

NGNP PHASE I REVIEW  

Energy Savers [EERE]

and start up operations of the prototype nuclear reactor and its associated hydrogen or electricity production facilities. Scope of Work for Review * Review Phase I reports in...

85

A Phase Odyssey  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We are introduced to the effects of phase from the earliest days of our childhood, from the nursery rhyme above (or its less verbose for 'Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star') to the shimmer over a hot road and the network of bright lines at the bottom of a swimming pool. These are all manifestations of phase. And there are many more.

Nugent, K.A.; Paganin, D.; Gureyev, T.E. (Melbourne)

2009-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

86

ARM - Measurement - Hydrometeor phase  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

phase phase ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Hydrometeor phase Hydrometeor phase such as liquid ice or mixed phase Categories Cloud Properties Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. Value-Added Products VISST : Minnis Cloud Products Using Visst Algorithm (Process) VISSTPX04G08V2MINNIS : VISST-derived pixel-level products from satellite GOES8, version 2 VISSTPX04G08V3MINNIS : VISST-derived pixel-level products from satellite GOES8, version 3

87

Phasing tiny crystals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For tiny crystals, their diffraction intensities at and between the Bragg peaks become measurable due to the limited number of the unit cells, which can in principle be used to directly phase the crystal structures.

Miao, J.

2013-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

88

Sliding Luttinger liquid phases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study systems of coupled spin-gapped and gapless Luttinger liquids. First, we establish the existence of a sliding Luttinger liquid phase for a system of weakly coupled parallel quantum wires, with and without disorder. It is shown that the coupling can stabilize a Luttinger liquid phase in the presence of disorder. We then extend our analysis to a system of crossed Luttinger liquids and establish the stability of a non-Fermi-liquid state: the crossed sliding Luttinger liquid phase. In this phase the system exhibits a finite-temperature, long-wavelength, isotropic electric conductivity that diverges as a power law in temperature T as T?0. This two-dimensional system has many properties of a true isotropic Luttinger liquid, though at zero temperature it becomes anisotropic. An extension of this model to a three-dimensional stack exhibits a much higher in-plane conductivity than the conductivity in a perpendicular direction.

Ranjan Mukhopadhyay; C. L. Kane; T. C. Lubensky

2001-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

89

Non-aqueous, capillary electrophoretic separations of enantiomers with a charged cyclodextrin highly-soluble in organic solvents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with TBAF/HF/MeMo (A) and with BF 3 (B). The HDA-?CD standard is shown on lane St. The silica TLC plates were run with an eluent 50:10:1 CHCl 3 :MeOH:H 2 O................................... 37 II-12 Removal of the silyl-group with TBAF/HF/MeMo (A...) and with MeMo/HF (B). The HDA-?CD standard is shown on lane St. TLC plates were run as described in Figure II-11............................................................................ 38 II-13 Temperature effect on the rate of the silyl...

Sanchez Vindas, Silvia Elena

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Review of mathematical modeling for evaluation of SVE applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Soil vapor extraction (SVE), a demonstrated technology, enhances the removal of volatile chemicals from the subsurface through application of a vacuum at an extraction well to induce air flow through the subsurface toward the well. As of 1991, SVE comprised 13% of selected remedies at Superfund sites, and approximately 7% of leaking underground storage tanks. The flow of air enhances volatilization of compounds from the residual NAPL phase in soil pores and from the dissolved phase in soil pore water. The technology is particularly applicable to relatively volatile organic compounds (Henry`s law constant > 10{sup -3} atm-m{sup 3}/mole) residing in the vadose zone. The technology may also be applicable for removal of volatile light non-aqueous phase liquids (LNAPLs) floating on the water table or entrained in the capillary fringe, if the chemicals of concern have high vapor pressures. Effective design and prediction of system performance can be difficult, depending on site conditions. Tools are now available, in the form of numerical models, that allow one to both screen for the potential feasibility of SVE, and design and estimate performance of the system. While modeling should not be considered an end in itself, it provides a means by which to quantify some of the important SVE operating processes. Modeling can provide estimated answers for numerous questions concerning the feasibility and usage of SVE. Screening models can be used in conjunction with site characterization data and best professional judgment to determine the potential feasibility of SVE at a contaminated site. Flow and transport models can then be used to enhance the system design process and estimate performance. The work performed as part of this effort included a review of models that can be applied to SVE applications. This review includes a summary of critical information required in a SVE application. It also includes a model selection process, model usage guidelines, and case studies.

Jordan, D.L.; Mercer, J.W. [GeoTrans, Inc., Sterling, VA (United States)

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Viscosity near phase transitions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Probably the most enticing observation in theoretical physics during the last decade was the discovery of the great amount of consequences obtained from the AdS/CFT conjecture put forward by Maldacena. In this work we review how this correspondence can be used to address hydrodynamic properties such as the viscosity of some strongly interacting systems. We also employ the Boltzmann equation for those systems closer to low-energy QCD, and argue that this kind of transport coefficients can be related to phase transitions, in particular the QGP/hadronic phase transition studied in heavy ion collisions.

Antonio Dobado; Felipe J. Llanes-Estrada; Juan M. Torres-Rincon

2010-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

92

Linear phase compressive filter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A phase linear filter for soliton suppression is in the form of a laddered series of stages of non-commensurate low pass filters with each low pass filter having a series coupled inductance (L) and a reverse biased, voltage dependent varactor diode, to ground which acts as a variable capacitance (C). L and C values are set to levels which correspond to a linear or conventional phase linear filter. Inductance is mapped directly from that of an equivalent nonlinear transmission line and capacitance is mapped from the linear case using a large signal equivalent of a nonlinear transmission line.

McEwan, Thomas E. (Livermore, CA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Berry Phase Quantum Thermometer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show how Berry phase can be used to construct an ultra-high precision quantum thermometer. An important advantage of our scheme is that there is no need for the thermometer to acquire thermal equilibrium with the sample. This reduces measurement times and avoids precision limitations.

Martin-Martinez, E; Mann, R B; Fuentes, I

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Berry Phase Quantum Thermometer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show how Berry phase can be used to construct an ultra-high precision quantum thermometer. An important advantage of our scheme is that there is no need for the thermometer to acquire thermal equilibrium with the sample. This reduces measurement times and avoids precision limitations.

E. Martin-Martinez; A. Dragan; R. B. Mann; I. Fuentes

2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

95

Phase II Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The SkyTrough DSP will advance the state-of-the-art in parabolic troughs for utility applications, with a larger aperture, higher operating temperature, and lower cost. The goal of this project was to develop a parabolic trough collector that enables solar electricity generation in the 2020 marketplace for a 216MWe nameplate baseload power plant. This plant requires an LCOE of 9¢/kWhe, given a capacity factor of 75%, a fossil fuel limit of 15%, a fossil fuel cost of $6.75/MMBtu, $25.00/kWht thermal storage cost, and a domestic installation corresponding to Daggett, CA. The result of our optimization was a trough design of larger aperture and operating temperature than has been fielded in large, utility scale parabolic trough applications: 7.6m width x 150m SCA length (1,118m2 aperture), with four 90mm diameter × 4.7m receivers per mirror module and an operating temperature of 500°C. The results from physical modeling in the System Advisory Model indicate that, for a capacity factor of 75%: The LCOE will be 8.87¢/kWhe. SkyFuel examined the design of almost every parabolic trough component from a perspective of load and performance at aperture areas from 500 to 2,900m2. Aperture-dependent design was combined with fixed quotations for similar parts from the commercialized SkyTrough product, and established an installed cost of $130/m2 in 2020. This project was conducted in two phases. Phase I was a preliminary design, culminating in an optimum trough size and further improvement of an advanced polymeric reflective material. This phase was completed in October of 2011. Phase II has been the detailed engineering design and component testing, which culminated in the fabrication and testing of a single mirror module. Phase II is complete, and this document presents a summary of the comprehensive work.

Schuknecht, Nate [Project Manager; White, David [Principle Investigator; Hoste, Graeme [Research Engineer

2014-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

96

NETL: Carbon Storage - Regional Partnership Validation Phase (Phase II)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Validation Phase (Phase II) Projects Validation Phase (Phase II) Projects The Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships' (RCSP) Validation Phase focuses on validating the most promising regional opportunities to deploy CCS technologies by building upon the accomplishments of the Characterization Phase. Two different CO2 storage approaches are being pursued in this phase: geologic and terrestrial carbon storage. The Validation Phase includes 20 geologic and 11 terrestrial CO2 storage projects. Efforts are being conducted to: Validate and refine current reservoir simulations for CO2 storage projects. Collect physical data to confirm CO2 storage potential and injectivity estimates. Demonstrate the effectiveness of monitoring, verification, and accounting (MVA) technologies. Develop guidelines for well completion, operations, and abandonment.

97

Microcellular foams via phase separation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A study of wide variety of processes for making plastic foams shows that phase separation processes for polymers from solutions offers the most viable methods for obtaining rigid plastic foams which met the physical requirements for fusion target designs. Four general phase separation methods have been shown to give polymer foams with densities less than 0.1 g/cm/sup 3/ and cell sizes of 30..mu..m or less. These methods involve the utilization of non-solvent, chemical or thermal cooling processes to achieve a controlled phase separation wherein either two distinct phases are obtained where the polymer phase is a continuous phase or two bicontinuous phases are obtained where both the polymer and solvent are interpenetrating, continuous, labyrinthine phases. Subsequent removal of the solvent gives the final foam structure.

Young, A.T.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Experimental and theoretical modeling of DNAPL transport in vertical fractured media  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In recent years, groundwater contamination by dense, non-aqueous phase liquids (DNAPLs) such as chlorinated solvents and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) has become an important environmental concern in many industrialized ...

Levy, Laurent Claude, 1973-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Results of Soil Vapor Extraction of a Chlorinated Solvent Dnapl Waste Site at the Rocky Flats Superfund Site  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A full scale Soil Vapor Extraction (SVE) system was evaluated for remediation of subsurface contamination of the chlorinated Dense Non-Aqueous Phase Liquids (DNAPL) at a waste site at the Rocky Flats Environmenta...

S. Grace; E. Dille

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Phase 1 -- 2  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2 2 Revised 8/7/02 " "Sample Statement of Work - Standard Service Offerings for Contractor-Identified Project" "Task #","Task Title","Work Scope","Deliverable","Agency Requirements" " " "Phase Two - Initial Project Development" "2-1","DO RFP Development - Direct Support","Based upon interviews Agency/site staff and consultation support, FEMP Services will prepare DO RFP for Agency/site. FEMP Services will provide onsite or telecon review of draft DO RFP with agency staff. FEMP Services will prepare 2nd draft DO RFP based on telecon and written agency review comments and recommendations. ","Draft DO RFP Document. On-site review of draft DO RFP.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "napl non-aqueous phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Neutron phase echo  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The coherent overlap of the waves traversing the two legs of a perfect-crystal neutron interferometer is altered by a material with a neutron-nuclear optical potential. The fringe visibility is limited by the longitudinal coherence length. The loss of interference contrast caused by a slab of material of positive optical potential can be restored by placing another slab of material with a negative optical potential in the same leg of the interferometer. This paper describes the observation and detailed characterization of this quantum-mechanical phenomenon, which we call the phase-echo effect.

R. Clothier; H. Kaiser; S. A. Werner; H. Rauch; H. Wölwitsch

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Phase 1 --2  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

2 2 Rev 4-01-05 " "Statement of Work - Standard Service Offerings for Contractor-Identified Project at (insert project site)" "Task #","Task Title","Work Scope","Deliverable","Agency Requirements" " " "Phase Two - Initial Project Development" "2-1","DO RFP Development - Direct Support","Based upon interviews Agency/site staff and consultation support, FEMP Services will prepare DO RFP for Agency/site. FEMP Services will provide onsite or telecon review of draft DO RFP with agency staff. FEMP Services will prepare 2nd draft DO RFP based on telecon and written agency review comments and recommendations. ","Draft DO RFP Document. On-site review of draft DO RFP.

103

Property:Project Phase | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Phase Phase Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Project Phase Property Type Text This is a property of type String. Pages using the property "Project Phase" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) M MHK Projects/40MW Lewis project + Phase 2 + MHK Projects/ADM 3 + Phase ? + MHK Projects/ADM 4 + Phase ? + MHK Projects/ADM 5 + Phase 2 + MHK Projects/AW Energy EMEC + Phase 3 + MHK Projects/AWS II + Phase 1 + MHK Projects/Admirality Inlet Tidal Energy Project + Phase 1 + MHK Projects/Agucadoura + Phase 3 + MHK Projects/Alaska 1 + Phase 0 + MHK Projects/Alaska 13 + Phase ? + MHK Projects/Alaska 17 + Phase 0 + MHK Projects/Alaska 18 + Phase 0 + MHK Projects/Alaska 24 + Phase 0 + MHK Projects/Alaska 25 + Phase 0 + MHK Projects/Alaska 28 + Phase 0 +

104

Phase 1 -- 4  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

4" 4" "Statement of Work - Optional Service Offerings for Contractor-Identified Project" "Task #","Task Title","Work Scope","Deliverable","Agency Requirements" " " "Phase Two - Initial Project Development" "Replace Std Task# 2-1","DO RFP Development - On Site Consultation","FEMP Services will provide technical consultation resources at the Agency's site to assist in the integration of the site's requirements into the DO RFP template.","Oral Comments","Agency staff will draft DO RFP. Provide copies to FEMP Services staff for review." "Phase Three - Negotiations and Award" "Replace Std Task# 3-4","Final Proposal Review - Direct Support","FEMP Services will provide direct technical resources to review final proposal. Review will include assessment of ESPC-unique data such as markups, performance period expenses, and financing interest rates. FEMP Services will assure that price schedules have been filled out correctly. ESCO specified equipment will be evaluated for its appropriateness and installation expense (labor and material). FEMP Services will coordinate and assemble agency and FEMP Services questions and issues for Agency CO to be presented to ESCO for discussions and negotiations. ","Telecon Advice and Written comments and recommendations","Agency will provide FEMP Services staff copies of final proposal with emphasis on selected equipment compatibility with agency performance requirements. Agency shall ensure applicable acquisition team members review final proposal. Agency will generate site questions or issues prior to scheduled telecons with FEMP Services staff. Agency will review questions and issues for ESCO discussions. Agency CO will submit questions and issues to ESCO."

105

3 - Thermodynamics and Phase Diagrams  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Many types of phase diagram sections involving temperature, composition, pressure, chemical potentials, partial pressures, volume and enthalpy as axis variables or constants are described for binary, ternary and multicomponent systems. The theme is the relationship between thermodynamics and phase diagrams. A review of the fundamentals of thermodynamics as required for the interpretation and calculation of phase diagrams is presented. One set of general geometrical rules which governs all types of single-valued phase diagram sections is derived. The computer calculation of phase diagrams from large critically assessed databases of model parameters is discussed.

Arthur D. Pelton

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Phase equilibrium studies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A phase equilibrium model has been developed for the SRC-I process, as well as the other coal liquefaction processes. It is applicable to both vapor/liquid and liquid/liquid equilibria; it also provides an approximate but adequate description of aqueous mixtures where the volatile electrolyte components dissociate to form ionic species. This report completes the description of the model presented in an earlier report (Mathias and Stein, 1983a). Comparisons of the model to previously published data on coal-fluid mixtures are presented. Further, a preliminary analysis of new data on SRC-I coal fluids is presented. Finally, the current capabilities and deficiencies of the model are discussed. 25 references, 17 figures, 30 tables.

Mathias, P.M.; Stein, F.P.

1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Commensurate phases, incommensurate phases and the devil’s staircase  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modulated structures with periods which are incommensurable (or high-order com-mensurable) with the basic lattice are quite common in condensed-matter physics. The structure may be another lattice, a periodic lattice distortion, a helical or sinusoidal magnetic structure, or a charge density wave in one, two or three dimensions. This review surveys recent theories on the transition between commensurate (C) and incommensurate (I) phases, and on the properties of the ‘incommensurate ’ phase. The predictions of theories will be compared with experiments. The CI transition is usually described in terms of wall, or soliton, formation. The nature of the transition and the structure of the I phase are quite different in two and three dimensions. In three dimensions the I phase seems to consist of an infinity of high-order locked C phases, which may or may not be separated by an infinity of truly incommensurate phases. This behaviour is known as the ‘devil’s staircase’. In two dimensions the incommensurate phase (at T # 0) is a ‘floating ’ phase without complete long-range order, and it does not ‘lock-in ’ at high-order commensurate phases. Phase diagrams are determined by the stability of two types of ‘topological ’ defects: walls, which destabilise the C phase with respect to I phases, and dislocations or vortices which generate paramagnetic or fluid phases. A consequence of this competition is that for sufficiently low order of commensurability the C and I phases are separated by a fluid phase. The properties of modulated systems can be studied by iterating certain area-preserving two-dimensional maps. Very recent studies indicate that, in addition to C and I phases, there are chaotic structures which are at least metastable. The chaotic regimes separate C and I phases and may be described as randomly pinned solitons. The relevance of the chaotic regimes to adsorbed monolayers, pinning of charge density waves, Peierls transitions and spin glasses is briefly discussed. This review was received in July 1981.

Per Bak

108

The Noncommutative Anandan's Quantum Phase  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work we study the noncommutative nonrelativistic quantum dynamics of a neutral particle, that possesses permanent magnetic and electric dipole momenta, in the presence of an electric and magnetic fields. We use the Foldy-Wouthuysen transformation of the Dirac spinor with a non-minimal coupling to obtain the nonrelativistic limit. In this limit, we will study the noncommutative quantum dynamics and obtain the noncommutative Anandan's geometric phase. We analyze the situation where magnetic dipole moment of the particle is zero and we obtain the noncommutative version of the He-McKellar-Wilkens effect. We demonstrate that this phase in the noncommutative case is a geometric dispersive phase. We also investigate this geometric phase considering the noncommutativity in the phase space and the Anandan's phase is obtained.

E. Passos; L. R. Ribeiro; C. Furtado; J. R. Nascimento

2007-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

109

The Noncommutative Anandan's Quantum Phase  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work we study the noncommutative nonrelativistic quantum dynamics of a neutral particle, that possesses permanent magnetic and electric dipole momenta, in the presence of an electric and magnetic fields. We use the Foldy-Wouthuysen transformation of the Dirac spinor with a non-minimal coupling to obtain the nonrelativistic limit. In this limit, we will study the noncommutative quantum dynamics and obtain the noncommutative Anandan's geometric phase. We analyze the situation where magnetic dipole moment of the particle is zero and we obtain the noncommutative version of the He-McKellar-Wilkens effect. We demonstrate that this phase in the noncommutative case is a geometric dispersive phase. We also investigate this geometric phase considering the noncommutativity in the phase space and the Anandan's phase is obtained.

Passos, E; Nascimento, J R; Ribeiro, L R

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Identifying the Bose glass phase  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introducing disorder into the Bose-Hubbard model at integer fillings leads to a Bose glass phase, along with the Mott insulator and superfluid phases. We suggest a new order parameter: the determinant of the one body density matrix, which is nonzero only within the Mott-insulator phase. Alongside the superfluid fraction, it is then possible to distinguish the three phases. The Bose glass phase is the only phase which has vanishing determinant and superfluid fraction. The vanishing of the determinant in the Bose glass phase occurs due to the partial fragmentation of the condensate into localized fragments, each with zero superfluid response, which implies the presence of unoccupied sites and hence the presence of lines of zeros in the one body density matrix. In the superfluid phase, the determinant vanish for another reason - due to the macroscopic occupation of a single particle state. Finally, we suggest the enhancement of the three body decay rate in the Bose glass phase, as an experimental indicator for the presence of localized fragments.

R. Pugatch; N. Bar-gill; N. Katz; E. Rowen; N. Davidson

2006-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

111

Phase correlations and optical coherence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We examine the properties of the recently introduced degrees of coherence regarding the phase correlations of the optical field. It is seen that some of these quantities are...

Tervo, Jani; Setälä, Tero; Friberg, Ari T

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Phase-Transfer-Catalyzed Oxidations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Phase-transfer catalysis (PTC) offers many excellent opportunities for conducting oxidation reactions using inexpensive primary oxidants such as oxygen, sodium hypochlorite, hydrogen peroxide, electrooxidation...

Charles M. Starks; Charles L. Liotta; Marc E. Halpern

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Diffraction Studies of Ordered Phases and Phase Transitions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on graphite and A neutron scattering study of the diluted uniaxial dipolar coupled ferromagnets LiTb.3Y.7F4 transition, the critical neutron scattering of either crystal exhibits the asymmetry characteristic PHASES AND PHASE TRANSITIONS: A synchrotron x-ray scattering study of monolayers of CF4 adsorbed

114

Future Perspectives in melanoma research: Meeting report from the "Melanoma Research: a bridge Naples-USA. Naples, December 6th-7th 2010".  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

8:38. Pagès F, Berger A, Camus M, Sanchez-Cabo F, Costes A,Mlecnik B, Lagorce C, Tosolini M, Camus M, Berger A, Wind P,A, Bindea G, Berger A, Camus M, Gillard M, Bruneval P,

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Phasing Out the Phase Problem in Interfacial Crystallography  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

BESSRC/XOR BESSRC/XOR Phasing Out the Phase Problem in Interfacial Crystallography Photo of Paul Fenter (left) and Zhan Zhang at the mineral-fluid interface spectrometer at 12-ID-D (BESSRC/XOR). Paul Fenter (left) and Zhan Zhang at the mineral-fluid interface spectrometer at 12-ID-D (BESSRC/XOR). Since the advent of dedicated synchrotron radiation facilities, the applications of x-ray diffraction and scattering for structure determination have expanded to include a broad range of materials, from proteins and interfaces to nanoparticles. However, the well-known "phase problem" of crystallography limits these applications. The phase problem arises because the complete description of a structure requires a complex structure factor having both a magnitude and a phase. The measured x-ray

116

PHASE CHANGE LIQUIDS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Work is being performed to develop a new shipping system for frozen environmental samples (or other materials) that uses an optimal phase change liquid (PCL) formulation and an insulated shipping container with an on-board digital temperature data logger to provide a history of the temperature profile within the container during shipment. In previous work, several PCL formulations with temperatures of fusion ranging from approximately -14 to -20 C were prepared and evaluated. Both temperature of fusion and heat of fusion of the formulations were measured, and an optimal PCL formulation was selected. The PCL was frozen in plastic bags and tested for its temperature profile in a cooler using a digital temperature data logger. This testing showed that the PCL formulation can maintain freezer temperatures (< -7 to -20 C) for an extended period, such as the time for shipping samples by overnight courier. The results of the experiments described in this report provide significant information for use in developing an integrated freezer system that uses a PCL formulation to maintain freezer temperatures in coolers for shipping environmental samples to the laboratory. Experimental results show the importance of the type of cooler used in the system and that use of an insulating material within the cooler improves the performance of the freezer system. A new optimal PCL formulation for use in the system has been determined. The new formulation has been shown to maintain temperatures at < -7 to -20 C for 47 hours in an insulated cooler system containing soil samples. These results are very promising for developing the new technology.

Susan S. Sorini; John F. Schabron

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Two-phase flow studies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The two-phase flow program is directed at understanding the hydrodynamics of two-phase flows. The two-phase flow regime is characterized by a series of flow patterns that are designated as bubble, slug, churn, and annular flow. Churn flow has received very little scientific attention. This lack of attention cannot be justified because calculations predict that the churn flow pattern will exist over a substantial portion of the two-phase flow zone in producing geothermal wells. The University of Houston is experimentally investigating the dynamics of churn flow and is measuring the holdup over the full range of flow space for which churn flow exists. These experiments are being conducted in an air/water vertical two-phase flow loop. Brown University has constructed and is operating a unique two-phase flow research facility specifically designed to address flow problems of relevance to the geothermal industry. An important feature of the facility is that it is dedicated to two-phase flow of a single substance (including evaporation and condensation) as opposed to the case of a two-component two-phase flow. This facility can be operated with horizontal or vertical test sections of constant diameter or with step changes in diameter to simulate a geothermal well profile.

Hanold, R.J.

1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Three phase downhole separator process  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Three Phase Downhole Separator Process (TPDSP) is a process which results in the separation of all three phases, (1) oil, (2) gas, and (3) water, at the downhole location in the well bore, water disposal injection downhole, and oil and gas production uphole.

Cognata, Louis John (Baytown, TX)

2008-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

119

Influence of Wetting and Mass Transfer Properties of Organic Chemical Mixtures in Vadose Zone Materials on Groundwater Contamination by Nonaqueous Phase Liquids  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Previous studies have found that organic acids, organic bases, and detergent-like chemicals change surface wettability. The wastewater and NAPL mixtures discharged at the Hanford site contain such chemicals, and their proportions likely change over time due to reaction-facilitated aging. The specific objectives of this work were to (1) determine the effect of organic chemical mixtures on surface wettability, (2) determine the effect of organic chemical mixtures on CCl4 volatilization rates from NAPL, and (3) accurately determine the migration, entrapment, and volatilization of organic chemical mixtures. Five tasks were proposed to achieve the project objectives. These are to (1) prepare representative batches of fresh and aged NAPL-wastewater mixtures, (2) to measure interfacial tension, contact angle, and capillary pressure-saturation profiles for the same mixtures, (3) to measure interphase mass transfer rates for the same mixtures using micromodels, (4) to measure multiphase flow and interphase mass transfer in large flow cell experiments, all using the same mixtures, and (5) to modify the multiphase flow simulator STOMP in order to account for updated P-S and interphase mass transfer relationships, and to simulate the impact of CCl4 in the vadose zone on groundwater contamination. Results and findings from these tasks and summarized in the attached final report.

Charles J Werth; Albert J Valocchi, Hongkyu Yoon

2011-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

120

SNMR pulse sequence phase cycling  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Technologies applicable to SNMR pulse sequence phase cycling are disclosed, including SNMR acquisition apparatus and methods, SNMR processing apparatus and methods, and combinations thereof. SNMR acquisition may include transmitting two or more SNMR pulse sequences and applying a phase shift to a pulse in at least one of the pulse sequences, according to any of a variety cycling techniques. SNMR processing may include combining SNMR from a plurality of pulse sequences comprising pulses of different phases, so that desired signals are preserved and indesired signals are canceled.

Walsh, David O; Grunewald, Elliot D

2013-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "napl non-aqueous phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Property:GEADevelopmentPhase | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GEADevelopmentPhase GEADevelopmentPhase Jump to: navigation, search Property Name GEADevelopmentPhase Property Type Page Description GEA Development Phase, as characterized by their Annual U.S. Geothermal Power Production and Development Report. See GEA_Development_Phases Allows Values Phase I - Resource Procurement and Identification;Phase II - Resource Exploration and Confirmation;Phase III - Permitting and Initial Development;Phase IV - Resource Production and Power Plant Construction Subproperties This property has the following 77 subproperties: A Abraham Hot Springs Geothermal Area Adak Geothermal Area Akun Strait Geothermal Area Akutan Fumaroles Geothermal Area Alum Geothermal Area Alvord Hot Springs Geothermal Area Amedee Geothermal Area Arrowhead Hot Springs Geothermal Area

122

Phase projection using three satellites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study seeks to investigate various techniques used in Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) during the phase unwrapping process and the noise filtering step. In particular, as intuition would follow, we ...

Yeung, Michael C. (Michael Chi-Hang)

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Agenda Phase 2 Industry Day  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

JCTD Deputy Transition Manager, NAVFAC EXWC 11:00 - 11:15 Ft. Carson Sustainability and Net Zero Plan and Successes Hal Alguire, Director DPW 11:15 - 11:30 Phase 3, Future plans...

124

Precision digital pulse phase generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A timing generator comprises a crystal oscillator connected to provide an output reference pulse. A resistor-capacitor combination is connected to provide a variable-delay output pulse from an input connected to the crystal oscillator. A phase monitor is connected to provide duty-cycle representations of the reference and variable-delay output pulse phase. An operational amplifier drives a control voltage to the resistor-capacitor combination according to currents integrated from the phase monitor and injected into summing junctions. A digital-to-analog converter injects a control current into the summing junctions according to an input digital control code. A servo equilibrium results that provides a phase delay of the variable-delay output pulse to the output reference pulse that linearly depends on the input digital control code. 2 figs.

McEwan, T.E.

1996-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

125

Phase retrieval with prior information  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An algorithm for phase retrieval with Bayesian statistics is discussed. It is shown how the statistics of Kolmogorov turbulence can be used to compute the likelihood for a particular...

Irwan, R; Lane, R G

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Gas-phase chemical dynamics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research in this program is directed towards the spectroscopy of small free radicals and reactive molecules and the state-to-state dynamics of gas phase collision, energy transfer, and photodissociation phenomena. Work on several systems is summarized here.

Weston, R.E. Jr.; Sears, T.J.; Preses, J.M. [Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY (United States)

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Phase-Transfer-Catalyzed Reductions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Phase-transfer catalysis (PTC) procedures that have been developed for use with sodium borohydride, lithium aluminum hydride, and several other reducing agents involving anion transfer to organic media are des...

Charles M. Starks; Charles L. Liotta; Marc E. Halpern

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Insoluble Phase-Transfer Catalysts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An important problem facing the designer of industrial phase-transfer catalysis (PTC) processes using soluble PTC catalysts concerns the removal of the catalyst from the reaction mixture, and its economic recy...

Charles M. Starks; Charles L. Liotta; Marc E. Halpern

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Precision digital pulse phase generator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A timing generator comprises a crystal oscillator connected to provide an output reference pulse. A resistor-capacitor combination is connected to provide a variable-delay output pulse from an input connected to the crystal oscillator. A phase monitor is connected to provide duty-cycle representations of the reference and variable-delay output pulse phase. An operational amplifier drives a control voltage to the resistor-capacitor combination according to currents integrated from the phase monitor and injected into summing junctions. A digital-to-analog converter injects a control current into the summing junctions according to an input digital control code. A servo equilibrium results that provides a phase delay of the variable-delay output pulse to the output reference pulse that linearly depends on the input digital control code.

McEwan, Thomas E. (Livermore, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Computational phase imaging based on intensity transport  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Light is a wave, having both an amplitude and a phase. However, optical frequencies are too high to allow direct detection of phase; thus, our eyes and cameras see only real values - intensity. Phase carries important ...

Waller, Laura A. (Laura Ann)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Phase-Transfer Catalysis: Fundamentals I  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Critical to the success of phase-transfer catalytic (PTC) processes are (1) the maximization of the rate of transfer of reactant anions from the aqueous or solid phase to the organic phase, (2) the maximizatio...

Charles M. Starks; Charles L. Liotta; Marc E. Halpern

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Phase-Transfer Catalysis: Fundamentals II  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Phase-transfer catalytic (PTC) systems are characterized by the presence of at least two phases and at least one interfacial region separating the phases [1–8]. Reactions taking place in such systems usually i...

Charles M. Starks; Charles L. Liotta; Marc E. Halpern

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Analysis and design of some new single phase to three phase static converters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

three phase ac motor. In Chapter III, four single phase to three phase converters for fixed frequency, fixed voltage operation is proposed. They are divided into two categories: (a) half-bridge converters and (b) full-bridge converters. Suitable...? Experimental results oi' the half-bridge single phase to three phase con- verter. . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . 58 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION Single phase to three phase converters are widely used where three phase ac motors need to be operated from a...

Rahman, Ashek

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

134

Laser Crystallization of Phase Change Material  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Geoffrey Campbell is the Principal Investigator for Laser Crystallization of Phase Change Material LLNL BES Programs Highlight Laser Crystallization of Phase Change Material False...

135

Gas-Phase Molecular Dynamics  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Gas-Phase Molecular Dynamics Gas-Phase Molecular Dynamics The Gas-Phase Molecular Dynamics Group is dedicated to developing and applying spectroscopic and theoretical tools to challenging problems in chemical physics related to reactivity, structure, dynamics and kinetics of transient species. Recent theoretical work has included advances in exact variational solution of vibrational quantum dynamics, suitable for up to five atoms in systems where large amplitude motion or multiple strongly coupled modes make simpler approximations inadequate. Other theoretical work, illustrated below, applied direct dynamics, quantum force trajectory calculations to investigate a series of reactions of the HOCO radical. The potential energy surface for the OH + CO/ H + CO2 reaction, showing two barriers (TS1 and TS2) and the deep HOCO well along the minimum energy pathway. The inset figure shows the experimental and calculated reactivity of HOCO with selected collision partners. See J.S. Francisco, J.T. Muckerman and H.-G. Yu, "HOCO radical chemistry,"

136

Phase Transformations in Confined Nanosystems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project discovered that non-equilibrium structures, including chemically ordered structures not observed in bulk systems, form in isolated nanoscale systems. Further, a generalized model was developed that effectively explained the suppression of equilibrium phase transformations. This thermodynamic model considered the free energy decrease associated with the phase transformation was less than the increase in energy associated with the formation of an interphase interface, therefore inhibiting the phase transformation. A critical diameter exists where the system transitions to bulk behavior, and a generalized equation was formulated that successfully predicted this transition in the Fe-Au system. This provided and explains a new route to novel structures not possible in bulk systems. The structural characterization was accomplished using transmission electron microscopy in collaboration with Matthew Kramer of Ames Laboratory. The PI and graduate student visited Ames Laboratory several times a year to conduct the experiments.

Shield, Jeffrey E. [Department of Mechanical & Materials Engineering] [Department of Mechanical & Materials Engineering; Belashchenko, Kirill [Department of Physics & Astronomy] [Department of Physics & Astronomy

2014-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

137

Phase appearance or disappearance in two-phase flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in a large variety of industrial or natural systems involving boiling or condensing fluids, reacting flows-phase flows. Such models have crucial importance in many industrial areas such as nuclear power plant safety considered. Numerical results are presented which demonstrate the efficiency of the proposed solutions. Key

Boyer, Edmond

138

Ising model: secondary phase transition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lttice-spin phonons are considered, which make the heat capacity at the critical temperature satisfy experimental observations better. There is a BEC phase transition in an Ising model attributable to the lattice-spin phonons. We proved that the spin-wave theory only is available after BEC transition, and the magnons have the same characteristics as the lattice-spin phonons', resulting from quantum effect. Energy-level overlap effect at ultralow temperature is found. A prediction of BEC phase transition in a crystal is put forward as our theory generalization.

You-gang Feng

2012-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

139

Numerical and experimental investigation of DNAPL removal mechanisms in a layered porous medium by means of soil vapor extraction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this work is to identify the mechanisms that govern the removal of carbon tetrachloride (CT) during soil vapor extraction (SVE) by comparing multiphase flow simulations with a detailed data set from a well-defined two-dimensional flow cell experiment. The flow cell was packed with two sandy soils including an embedded fine-grained sand layer. Gas concentrations at the outlet of the flow cell and 15 sampling ports inside the flow cell were measured during SVE. A dual-energy gamma radiation system was used to measure an initial NAPL saturation profile in a fine-grained sand layer. Imaging result from a dual-energy gamma radiation system with dyed CT mark along CT migration was used to construct the distribution of initial NAPL saturation in the flow cell for input to numerical simulations. Gas concentration results and photographs during SVE were compared to simulation results using a continuum-based multiphase flow simulator, STOMP (Subsurface Transport Over Multiple Phases). The measured effluent gas concentration decreased quickly at first, and then started to decrease gradually, resulting in long-term tailing. CT mass was removed quickly in coarse sand, followed by a slow removal from the fine-grained sand layer. An analytical solution for a one-dimensional advection and first-order volatilization model matched the tailing well with two fitting parameters. However, given detailed knowledge of the permeability field and initial NAPL distribution, we can predict the tailing and gas concentration profiles at sampling ports using equilibrium NAPL volatilization. NAPL flow occurs in the presence of free NAPL, and must be accounted for to accurately predict NAPL removal during the SVE experiment. The model prediction was accurate within the uncertainty of the measured or literature derived parameters (i.e., dispersivity and soil parameters). This study provides insights into the physical mechanisms of NAPL removal from a low permeability zone, and use of the local equilibrium assumption for NAPL volatilization during SVE. In addition, this study demonstrates that lack of detailed information regarding NAPL distribution and heterogeneity pattern lead overall NAPL removal to a kinetically controlled system at a 2-D flow cell scale.

Yoon, Hongkyu; Oostrom, Martinus; Wietsma, Thomas W.; Werth, Charles J.; Valocchi, Albert J.

2009-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

140

Phase Errors and the Capture Effect  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This slide-show presents analysis of spectrograms and the phase error of filtered noise in a signal. When the filtered noise is smaller than the signal amplitude, the phase error can never exceed 90{deg}, so the average phase error over many cycles is zero: this is called the capture effect because the largest signal captures the phase and frequency determination.

Blair, J., and Machorro, E.

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "napl non-aqueous phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Woods In and Around Towns: Phase II  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Policy WIAT Woods In and Around Towns: Phase II #12;2 | Woods In and Around Towns: Phase II working with Forestry Commission Scotland on Woods In and Around Towns #12;Woods In and Around Towns: Phase II Woods In and Around Towns: Phase II | 3 What is this about? The Woods In and Around Towns (WIAT) Programme provides

142

Instantons in the Higgs phase  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

When instantons are put into the Higgs phase, vortices are attached to instantons. We construct such composite solitons as 1/4 BPS states in five-dimensional supersymmetric U(N{sub C}) gauge theory with N{sub F}({>=}N{sub C}) fundamental hypermultiplets. We solve the hypermultiplet BPS equation and show that all 1/4 BPS solutions are generated by an N{sub C}xN{sub F} matrix which is holomorphic in two complex variables, assuming the vector multiplet BPS equation does not give additional moduli. We determine the total moduli space formed by topological sectors patched together and work out the multi-instanton solution inside a single vortex with complete moduli. Small instanton singularities are interpreted as small sigma-model lump singularities inside the vortex. The relation between monopoles and instantons in the Higgs phase is also clarified as limits of calorons in the Higgs phase. Another type of instantons stuck at an intersection of two vortices and dyonic instantons in the Higgs phase are also discussed.

Eto, Minoru; Isozumi, Youichi; Nitta, Muneto; Ohashi, Keisuke; Sakai, Norisuke [Department of Physics, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo 152-8551 (Japan)

2005-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

143

Phase and birefringence aberration correction  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A Brillouin enhanced four wave mixing phase conjugate mirror corrects phase aberrations of a coherent electromagnetic beam and birefringence induced upon that beam. The stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) phase conjugation technique is augmented to include Brillouin enhanced four wave mixing (BEFWM). A seed beam is generated by a main oscillator which arrives at the phase conjugate cell before the signal beams in order to initiate the Brillouin effect. The signal beam which is being amplified through the amplifier chain is split into two perpendicularly polarized beams. One of the two beams is chosen to be the same polarization as some component of the seed beam, the other orthogonal to the first. The polarization of the orthogonal beam is then rotated 90.degree. such that it is parallel to the other signal beam. The three beams are then focused into cell containing a medium capable of Brillouin excitation. The two signal beams are focused such that they cross the seed beam path before their respective beam waists in order to achieve BEFWM or the two signal beams are focused to a point or points contained within the focused cone angle of the seed beam to achieve seeded SBS, and thus negate the effects of all birefringent and material aberrations in the system.

Bowers, Mark (Modesto, CA); Hankla, Allen (Livermore, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Two Flavour QCD Phase Transition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Results on the phase transition in QCD with two flavours of light staggered fermions from an ongoing simulation are presented. We find the restoration of the chiral SU(2) x SU(2) symmetry, but not of the axial U_A(1) symmetry.

G. Boyd; F. Karsch; E. Laermann; M. Oevers

1996-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

145

Microsoft Word - DOE_RM_DM-#99768-v1-NAPL_Quarterly_Report_for...  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

are gL) Well Screened Interval (ft bls) TCE cis-DCE methylene chloride toluene petroleum hydrocarbons+ 0573 5-15 2.5 U 63.3 5 U 2.5 U 2,170 0574 18-28 6.6 351 5 U 2.5 U 640...

146

Microsoft Word - DOE_RM_DM-#341474-v1-NAPL_Quarterly_April_-...  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

such as the extraction well pumps, steam generator, emergency generator, and various tanks were delivered to the site and installed. Additionally, construction progress review...

147

Anthropogenic vs. natural pollution: an environmental study of an industrial site under remediation (Naples, Italy)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...i.e. petrol lead, coal ash) as a by-product...plants, sewage sludge and mining. Weathering produces...furnace steel), iron, coal and grain handling facilities...Anonymous 1979a ). Coal utilized in the coke...mines, e.g. from the Appalachia Region (Anonymous 1979b...

M. Tarzia; B. De Vivo; R. Somma; R. A. Ayuso; R. A. R. McGill; R. R. Parrish

148

Self-Sustaining Smoldering Combustion for NAPL Remediation: Laboratory Evaluation of Process Sensitivity to Key Parameters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Common examples, in which the solid matrix is itself combustible, include smoldering charcoal briquettes in a barbeque grill and smoldering foam cushions starting a house fire. ... This was underlain by an air diffuser supplied by an air compressor and an inconel-sheathed cable heater (Watlow Ltd., UK). ... To reduce heat losses at the perimeter to a level closer to that expected in field conditions, the column was insulated with a flexible electric heater (240 V, 1040 W, Omega Inc., USA) for these two experiments only. ...

Paolo Pironi; Christine Switzer; Jason I. Gerhard; Guillermo Rein; Jose L. Torero

2011-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

149

An experimental study of horizontal barrier formation and containment of NAPLs by gelling liquids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

[1990], much of the research on this topic can be found only in copies of company reports. Aul and Cervtk [1979] developed a method for grouting horizontal drainage holes in coalbeds. Karol [1990] noted that there has been a growing acceptance... grout for plugging horizontal methane-drainage holes. Lowther and Gabr [1997] experimented with urethane, a different grout, for the formation of hydraulic barriers. Voss et al. [1994] and May et al. [1986] studied chemical grouts for constructing...

Durmusoglu, Ertan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

150

Project Overview: Successful Field-Scale In Situ Thermal NAPL Remediation  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Paper presented at the Third International Conference on Oxidation and Reduction Technologies for Soil and Groundwater.October 2004, San Diego, California.Michael Butherus, David S. Ingle, Randall...

151

Successful Field-Scale In Situ Thermal NAPL Remediation at the Young- Rainey STAR Center  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Remediation of Chlorinated and Recalcitrant Compounds.May 2004, Monterey, California.Randall Juhlin, Michael Butherus, Joseph Daniel, David S....

152

Preliminary Characterization of a NAPL-Contaminated Site using Borehole Geophysical Techniques  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

preliminary results from an on-going geophysical investigation of the former DOE Pinel- las site, a site and side-effects from previous remediation activities. Continuing research at the Pinellas site will focus presents preliminary results from our on-going geophysical investigation of a former U.S. Department

Ajo-Franklin, Jonathan

153

From Propaganda to Science: Looking at the World of Academies in Early Seventeenth-century Naples  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bohmerland, Sweitzerland, Netherland, Denmarke, Poland,Bohmerland, Sweitzerland, Netherland, Denmarke, Poland,

Gianfrancesco, Lorenza

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

From Propaganda to Science: Looking at the World of Academies in Early Seventeenth-century Naples  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Spitiro, et borgo di Chiaia, Rua Catalana, e Posilipo, S.e Baiano, S. Giovanni a mare, Rua Toscana, Spetiaria antica,

Gianfrancesco, Lorenza

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Phase behavior of polymers and monomers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

perspective. Objective The objective of this study is to investigate the phase behavior of monomer- solvent and copolymer-solvent mixtures at elevated pressures. Supercritical ethylene will be the solvent used throughout the experiment to simulate... phase region within the reactor. The transition of the polymers from a single phase solution in the ethylene supercritical fluid solvent into two phases is referred to as the "cloud point. " Phase diagrams produced from the pressure and temperature...

Purifoy, Jonathan Patrick

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Fluid Phase Equilibria 218 (2004) 221228 Phase equilibrium in aqueous two-phase systems containing ethylene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ethylene oxide­propylene oxide block copolymers and dextran Eduardo dos Santos Tadaa, Watson Loha,1, Pedro equilibrium of aqueous two-phase systems containing the polysaccharide dextran and ethylene oxide (EO; Data; Dextran; Ethylene oxide­propylene oxide block copolymers; Gibbs energy; Thermodynamic modeling 1

Loh, Watson

157

Effect of non-aqueous drilling fluid and its synthetic base oil on soil health as indicated by its dehydrogenase activity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Drilling fluids are used for drilling natural gas, oil and water wells. These spill over into the surrounding soil at the point of drilling, which may impair soil health. A ... out to determine the effect of non ...

Kanchan Wakadikar; Avik Sil; Niranjan Kolekar…

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

CO2 Capture and Regeneration at Low Temperatures: Novel Non-Aqueous CO2 Solvents and Capture Process with Substantially Reduced Energy Penalties  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

IMPACCT Project: RTI is developing a solvent and process that could significantly reduce the temperature associated with regenerating solvent and CO2 captured from the exhaust gas of coal-fired power plants. Traditional CO2 removal processes using water-based solvents require significant amount of steam from power plants in order to regenerate the solvent so it can be reused after each reaction. RTI’s solvents can be better at absorbing CO2 than many water-based solvents, and are regenerated at lower temperatures using less steam. Thus, industrial heat that is normally too cool to re-use can be deployed for regeneration, rather than using high-value steam. This saves the power plant money, which results in increased cost savings for consumers.

None

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Waste management of a microemulsion using elevated temperatures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Elevated temperatures reduced NAPL-saturated fraction of a treated SPME waste effluent. As temperature increased, aqueous fraction of the separated SPME increased to 0.96 at 90°C. Composite volume samples had optimal separation at 75°C, where >95% of NAPL mass partitioned into the organic phase; while in first pore volume samples, it decreased with increasing temperature after 70°C. Increasing temperature of composite volume samples increased surfactant partitioning into the organic phase; in first pore volume samples, it was evenly divided into both phases. Increased temperatures reduced COD of aqueous phases >75%. Overall, elevated temperatures reduced volume of NAPL-saturated solution by 96%.

Clayton J. Clark II

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

PhaseII1.PDF  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Stakeholder Meeting Stakeholder Meeting DOE-NETL Proposed Phase II Large Scale Mercury Control Technology Field Testing Program September 12, 2002 Meeting Summary A meeting was held in Arlington, VA on September 12 on DOE-NETL's plans to go forward with a second phase of field testing of advanced mercury control technology. The meeting was held in conjunction with the Air Quality III Conference and was attended by approximately 53 representatives from the coal and electric-utility industries, technology developers, EPA, and other interested parties (see attached attendees list). Scott Renninger provided a brief overview of DOE-NETL's current mercury field testing program. A summary of the results from an earlier stakeholder meeting held in Washington on June 4 were also presented as a starting point for discussion to help

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "napl non-aqueous phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Coherent Phase Argument for Inflation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cosmologists have developed a phenomenally successful picture of structure in the universe based on the idea that the universe expanded exponentially in its earliest moments. There are three pieces of evidence for this exponential expansion -- {\\it inflation} -- from observations of anisotropies in the cosmic microwave background. First, the shape of the primordial spectrum is very similar to that predicted by generic inflation models. Second, the angular scale at which the first acoustic peak appears is consistent with the flat universe predicted by inflation. Here I describe the third piece of evidence, perhaps the most convincing of all: the phase coherence needed to account for the clear peak/trough structure observed by the WMAP satellite and its predecessors. I also discuss alternatives to inflation that have been proposed recently and explain how they produce coherent phases.

Scott Dodelson

2003-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

162

Phase transformations in engineering materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Phase transformations in engineering materials are inevitably related to mechanical behavior and are often precursors to residual stress and distortion. Neutron scattering in general is a valuable tool for studying their effects, and pulsed neutrons are of special value, because of the inherently comprehensive crystallographic coverage they provide in each measurement. At the Manuel Lujan neutron scattering center several different research programs have addressed the relationships between phase transformation/mechanical behavior and residual strains. Three disparate examples are presented; (1) stress induced transformation in a NiTi shape memory alloy, (2) cryogenically induced transformation in a quenched 5180 steel, and (3) time resolved evolution of strain induced martensite in 304 stainless steel. In each case a brief description of the principle result will be discussed in the context of using neutrons for the measurement.

Bourke, M.A.M.; Lawson, A.C. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Dunand, D.C. [Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering; Priesmeyer, H.G. [GKSS-Forschungszentrum Geesthacht GmbH (Germany)

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Is the beta phase maximal?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

indicates that 2|Vub / Vcb/ Vus| = (1-z) with z given by z = 0.19 +(-) 0.14. This fact implies that irrespective of the form of the quark Yukawa matrices, the measured value of the SM CP phase beta is approximately the maximum allowed by the measured absolute values of the CKM elements. This is beta = pi/6 - z/sqrt{3} for gamma = pi/3 + z/sqrt{3}, which implies alpha = pi/2. Alternatively, assuming that beta is exactly maximal and using the experimental measurement, sin(2beta) = 0.726+(-) 0.037, the phase gamma is predicted to be gamma = pi/2 - beta = 66.3 +(-) 1.7. The maximality of beta, if confirmed by the near-future experiments, may give us some clues as to the origin of CP violation.

Ferrandis, Javier; Ferrandis, Javier

2005-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

164

Light-driven phase shifter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A light-driven phase shifter is provided for modulating a transmission light beam. A gaseous medium such as argon is provided with electron energy states excited to populate a metastable state. A tunable dye laser is selected with a wavelength effective to deplete the metastable electron state and may be intensity modulated. The dye laser is directed through the gaseous medium to define a first optical path having an index of refraction determined by the gaseous medium having a depleted metastable electron state. A transmission laser beam is also directed through the gaseous medium to define a second optical path at least partially coincident with the first optical path. The intensity of the dye laser beam may then be varied to phase modulate the transmission laser beam.

Early, James W. (Los Alamos, NM)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Agent review phase one report.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the findings for phase one of the agent review and discusses the review methods and results. The phase one review identified a short list of agent systems that would prove most useful in the service architecture of an information management, analysis, and retrieval system. Reviewers evaluated open-source and commercial multi-agent systems and scored them based upon viability, uniqueness, ease of development, ease of deployment, and ease of integration with other products. Based on these criteria, reviewers identified the ten most appropriate systems. The report also mentions several systems that reviewers deemed noteworthy for the ideas they implement, even if those systems are not the best choices for information management purposes.

Zubelewicz, Alex Tadeusz; Davis, Christopher Edward; Bauer, Travis LaDell

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

ICCS Area 2, Phase 2 Renewal Applications  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

10, 2010 10, 2010 1. When does Phase II start date? Assume July 1? Answer: Per the FOA, "Projects that are selected for Phase 2 will receive no more than a 4 month extension to Phase 1 to allow DOE and the Phase 2 Recipient(s) sufficient time to negotiate the full scope and budget for Phase 2. DOE reserves the right to award Phase 2 anytime during this 4 month period". DOE will not extend a Phase 1 project beyond September 30, 2010; therefore, it is likely that no more than a 3 month extension will be provided. Further, depending upon the positive cooperation and responsiveness of the Phase 2 Recipient, DOE will be able to make the full Phase 2 award more quickly. Any start date proposed by the Recipient is subject to negotiation with DOE if the project is selected.

167

Thermophysical properties of coexistent phases of plutonium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Plutonium is the element with the greatest number of allotropic phases. Thermally induced transformations between these phases are typically characterized by thermal hysteresis and incomplete phase reversion. With Ga substitutal in the lattice, low symmetry phases are replaced by a higher symmetry phase. However, the low temperature Martensitic phase transformation ({delta} {yields} {alpha}{prime}) in Ga stabilized {delta}-phase Pu is characterized by a region of thermal hysteresis which can reach 200 C in extent. These regions of thermal hysteresis offer a unique opportunity to study thermodynamics in inhomogeneous systems of coexistent phases. The results of thermophysical properties measured for samples of inhomogeneous unalloyed and Ga alloyed Pu will be discussed and compared with similar measurements of their single phase constituents.

Freibert, Franz J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mitchell, Jeremy N [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Saleh, Tarik A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Schwartz, Dan S [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Phase change material storage heater  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A storage heater for storing heat and for heating a fluid, such as water, has an enclosure defining a chamber therein. The chamber has a lower portion and an upper portion with a heating element being disposed within the enclosure. A tube through which the fluid flows has an inlet and an outlet, both being disposed outside of the enclosure, and has a portion interconnecting the inlet and the outlet that passes through the enclosure. A densely packed bed of phase change material pellets is disposed within the enclosure and is surrounded by a viscous liquid, such as propylene glycol. The viscous liquid is in thermal communication with the heating element, the phase change material pellets, and the tube and transfers heat from the heating element to the pellets and from the pellets to the tube. The viscous fluid has a viscosity so that the frictional pressure drop of the fluid in contact with the phase change material pellets substantially reduces vertical thermal convection in the fluid. As the fluid flows through the tube heat is transferred from the viscous liquid to the fluid flowing through the tube, thereby heating the fluid.

Goswami, D. Yogi (Gainesville, FL); Hsieh, Chung K. (Gainesville, FL); Jotshi, Chand K. (Gainesville, FL); Klausner, James F. (Gainesville, FL)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

QCD Phase Transitions, Volume 15  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The title of the workshop, ''The QCD Phase Transitions'', in fact happened to be too narrow for its real contents. It would be more accurate to say that it was devoted to different phases of QCD and QCD-related gauge theories, with strong emphasis on discussion of the underlying non-perturbative mechanisms which manifest themselves as all those phases. Before we go to specifics, let us emphasize one important aspect of the present status of non-perturbative Quantum Field Theory in general. It remains true that its studies do not get attention proportional to the intellectual challenge they deserve, and that the theorists working on it remain very fragmented. The efforts to create Theory of Everything including Quantum Gravity have attracted the lion share of attention and young talent. Nevertheless, in the last few years there was also a tremendous progress and even some shift of attention toward emphasis on the unity of non-perturbative phenomena. For example, we have seen some efforts to connect the lessons from recent progress in Supersymmetric theories with that in QCD, as derived from phenomenology and lattice. Another example is Maldacena conjecture and related development, which connect three things together, string theory, super-gravity and the (N=4) supersymmetric gauge theory. Although the progress mentioned is remarkable by itself, if we would listen to each other more we may have chance to strengthen the field and reach better understanding of the spectacular non-perturbative physics.

Schaefer, T.; Shuryak, E.

1999-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

170

Ponderomotive phase plate for transmission electron microscopes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A ponderomotive phase plate system and method for controllably producing highly tunable phase contrast transfer functions in a transmission electron microscope (TEM) for high resolution and biological phase contrast imaging. The system and method includes a laser source and a beam transport system to produce a focused laser crossover as a phase plate, so that a ponderomotive potential of the focused laser crossover produces a scattering-angle-dependent phase shift in the electrons of the post-sample electron beam corresponding to a desired phase contrast transfer function.

Reed, Bryan W. (Livermore, CA)

2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

171

Microwave concrete decontamination - Phase II results  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the results of the second phase of a four-phase development program to develop a system to decontaminate concrete using microwave energy. In the first phase of the program the feasibility of using microwaves to remove concrete surfaces was demonstrated. In the first phase experiments, concrete slabs were placed on a translator and moved beneath a stationery microwave system. The second phase demonstrated the ability to mobilize the technology to remove the surfaces from concrete floors. Phases III and IV will further develop the technology to be remotely operated and capable of removing concrete from floors as well as from vertical surfaces.

White, T.L.; Foster, D. Jr.

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

X-ray studies of the phases and phase transitions of liquid crystals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent X-ray diffraction studies of liquid crystals are reviewed. The topics are twist grain-boundary phases, antiferroelectric phases studied using resonant diffraction and smectic phases within gel structures.

Clegg, P.S.

2004-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

173

Phase synchronization analysis by assessment of the phase difference gradient Martin Vejmelka  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of rhythms of self-sustained oscillatory systems. Typically when trying to identify phase synchronization of coupled self-sustained oscillatory systems, phase synchronization, given by a relation

Savicky, Petr

174

Science Learning+: Phase 1 projects Science Learning+  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Science Learning+: Phase 1 projects Science Learning+ Phase 1 projects 2 December 2014 #12..............................................................................................................4 Youth access and equity in informal science learning: developing a research and practice agenda..................................................................................................5 Enhancing informal learning through citizen science..............................................6

Rambaut, Andrew

175

FCH Optical Phase-Locked Loop  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

¦ î ¤ ü � ø Ð Ð ú ¸ � í ® FCH Optical Phase- Locked Loop� � û ³ è Optimization of Optica1 Phase

Choi, Woo-Young

176

The post-spinel phase of forsterite  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... in MgSiO3 (ref. 6), I had not doubted the interpretation of the post-spinel phase for Mg2SiO4 as representing mixed oxides. A schematic isothermal phase diagram for the ... as follows

LIN-GUN LIU

1976-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

177

Basic Concepts in Phase-Transfer Catalysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Phase-transfer catalysis (PTC) is a powerful tool in many areas of chemistry. It is a technique for conducting reactions between two or more reagents in two or more phases, when reaction is inhibited because t...

Charles M. Starks; Charles L. Liotta; Marc E. Halpern

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Phase diagram Ag-Cu-Ge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This document is part of Subvolume A ‘Nonequilibrium Phase Diagrams of Ternary Amorphous Alloys’ of Volume 37 ‘Phase Diagrams and Physical Properties of Nonequilibrium Alloys’ of Landolt-Börnstein - Group III ...

Y. Kawazoe; T. Masumoto; K. Suzuki; A. Inoue…

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Phase diagram Al-Ge-V  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This document is part of Subvolume A ‘Nonequilibrium Phase Diagrams of Ternary Amorphous Alloys’ of Volume 37 ‘Phase Diagrams and Physical Properties of Nonequilibrium Alloys’ of Landolt-Börnstein - Group III ...

Y. Kawazoe; T. Masumoto; K. Suzuki; A. Inoue…

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Phase diagram Au-Ge-Si  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This document is part of Subvolume A ‘Nonequilibrium Phase Diagrams of Ternary Amorphous Alloys’ of Volume 37 ‘Phase Diagrams and Physical Properties of Nonequilibrium Alloys’ of Landolt-Börnstein - Group III ...

Y. Kawazoe; T. Masumoto; K. Suzuki; A. Inoue…

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "napl non-aqueous phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Phase diagram Al-Ge-Mn  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This document is part of Subvolume A ‘Nonequilibrium Phase Diagrams of Ternary Amorphous Alloys’ of Volume 37 ‘Phase Diagrams and Physical Properties of Nonequilibrium Alloys’ of Landolt-Börnstein - Group III ...

Y. Kawazoe; T. Masumoto; K. Suzuki; A. Inoue…

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Phenomenological theories of ferroelectric phase transitions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Phenomenological theories of ferroelectric phase transitions W. Cao parameter in the free energy expansion, phenomenological theory can also describe inhomogeneous structures appear-Phenomenological parent and product phases. phenomenological theories in multidimensions for describ-Phenomenological

Cao, Wenwu

183

Subcritical Fluctuations at the Electroweak Phase Transition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the importance of thermal fluctuations during the electroweak phase transition. We evaluate in detail the equilibrium number density of large amplitude subcritical fluctuations and discuss the importance of phase mixing to the dynamics of the phase transition. Our results show that, for realistic Higgs masses, the phase transition can be completed by the percolation of the true vacuum, induced by the presence of subcritical fluctuations.

Rudnei O. Ramos

1996-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

184

Vapor phase modifiers for oxidative coupling  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Volatilized metal compounds retard vapor phase alkane conversion reactions in oxidative coupling processes that convert lower alkanes to higher hydrocarbons.

Warren, Barbara K. (Charleston, WV)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

1984 SUBJECT INDEX:  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Reversed Phases of Higher Efficiency by Initial Partial Deactivation...Stocks in Modified Aviation Turbine Fuels 456 Non-Aqueous Reversed-Phase...Stocks in Modified Aviation Turbine Fuels 456 Supelpak-S: The...Reversed Phases of Higher Efficiency by Initial Partial Deactivation......

1984 Subject Index

1984-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Three phase AC motor controller  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A motor controller for a three phase AC motor (10) which is adapted to operate bidirectionally from signals received either from a computer (30) or a manual control (32). The controller is comprised of digital logic circuit means which implement a forward and reverse command signal channel (27, 29) for the application of power through the forward and reverse power switching relays (16, 18, 20, 22). The digital logic elements are cross coupled to prevent activation of both channels simultaneously and each includes a plugging circuit (65, 67) for stopping the motor upon the removal of control signal applied to one of the two channels (27, 29) for a direction of rotation desired. Each plugging circuit (65, 67) includes a one-shot pulse signal generator (88, 102) which outputs a single pulse signal of predetermined pulsewidth which is adapted to inhibit further operation of the application of power in the channel which is being activated and to apply a reversal command signal to the other channel which provides a reversed phase application of power to the motor for a period defined by the pulse-width output of the one-shot signal generator to plug the motor (10) which will then be inoperative until another rotational command signal is applied to either of the two channels.

Vuckovich, Michael (Elizabeth, PA); Wright, Maynard K. (Bethel Park, PA); Burkett, John P. (South Huntington Township, Westmoreland County, PA)

1984-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

187

6 - Modelling phase transformations in steel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: This chapter discusses aspects of the physical and numerical modelling of phase transformations in steels. The basic features of these phase transformations are described. Dilatometric tests, which are performed to identify the parameters of phase transformation models, are explained. Four models of phase transformations of various complexity and various predictive capability are described. The chapter includes a case study of the simulation and optimization of two industrial processes for dual-phase steel strips: laminar cooling after hot rolling, and cooling after continuous annealing.

M. Pietrzyk; R. Kuziak

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

November 2004 Phase 2 Progress Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

06 Phase 2 Progress Report: 06 Phase 2 Progress Report: 100kW LOW COST ENERGY STORAGE INVERTER Larry Rinehart Managing Director Rinehart Motion Systems, LLC This work is sponsored by US Department of Energy Grant DE-FG02- 03ER83768 Technical support and management provided by Sandia Labs R S M TM Rinehart Motion Systems, LLC 4/8/2010 DOE Grant DE-FG02-03ER83768 2 Background Rinehart Motion completed Phase 1 R&D activities July 2003 thru April 2004 * In Phase 1 we worked on the Inverter hardware, substantially reducing the size and cost of future Inverters Phase 2 activities began in July 2004 and were scheduled to end June 2006 (a 9 month no-cost extension has been granted) * Phase 2 work is focused on the Inverter / PCS system design The Phase 2 work plan includes: * Determine the scalability boundaries of the technology. Target down

189

Electric field controlled emulsion phase contactor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system is described for contacting liquid phases comprising a column for transporting a liquid phase contacting system, the column having upper and lower regions. The upper region has a nozzle for introducing a dispersed phase and means for applying thereto a vertically oriented high intensity pulsed electric field. This electric field allows improved flow rates while shattering the dispersed phase into many micro-droplets upon exiting the nozzle to form a dispersion within a continuous phase. The lower region employs means for applying to the dispersed phase a horizontally oriented high intensity pulsed electric field so that the dispersed phase undergoes continuous coalescence and redispersion while being urged from side to side as it progresses through the system, increasing greatly the mass transfer opportunity. 5 figs.

Scott, T.C.

1995-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

190

Phase-field modeling of three-phase electrode microstructures in solid oxide fuel cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A phase-field model for describing three-phase electrode microstructure (i.e. electrode-phase electrolyte-phase and pore-phase) in solid oxide fuel cells is proposed using the diffuse-interface theory. Conserved composition and non-conserved grain orientation order parameters are simultaneously used to describe the coupled phase coarsening and grain growth in the three-phase electrode. The microstructural evolution simulated by the phase-field approach demonstrates the significant dependence of morphological microstructure and output statistic material features on the prescribed kinetic parameters and three-phase volume fractions. The triple-phase boundary fraction is found to have a major degradation in the early evolution.

Qun Li; Linyun Liang; Kirk Gerdes; Long-Qing Chen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Phase I Final Technical Report  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Final Report to Final Report to Phase I Final Technical Report 10121.4302.01.Final1 Ultra-High Conductivity Umbilicals: Polymer Nanotube Umbilicals (PNUs) 10121-4302-01 June 24, 2013 Christopher A. Dyke Principal Investigator NanoRidge Materials, Inc. 15850 Vickery Drive Houston, Texas 77032 LEGAL NOTICE THIS REPORT WAS PREPARED BY NANORIDGE MATERIALS, INC. AS AN ACCOUNT OF WORK SPONSORED BY THE RESEARCH PARTNERSHIP TO SECURE ENERGY FOR AMERICA, RPSEA. NEITHER RPSEA MEMBERS OF RPSEA, THE NATIONAL ENERGY TECHNOLOGY LABORATORY, THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY, NOR ANY PERSON ACTING ON BEHALF OF ANY OF THE ENTITIES: a. MAKES ANY WARRANTY OR REPRESENTATION, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WITH RESPECT TO ACCURACY, COMPLETENESS, OR USEFULNESS OF THE INFORMATION

192

Phase Contours and Bootstraps. I  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Previous work on phase contours is extended to include reaction amplitudes that have Regge behavior at high energies. General results are obtained on relations between resonance poles and surfaces of zeros of the collision amplitudes. These results depend on the symmetry properties of the amplitudes and on the nature of the dominant Regge trajectories and the dominant resonances. They are also affected by the spin of the colliding particles. Zeros of collision amplitudes can be located asymptotically from Regge formulas, and along certain symmetry lines they can be located at finite values of the energy variables by means of a narrow-resonance approximation. We relate the asymptotic zeros and these "symmetry" zeros by making a unitarity hypothesis. This leads to bootstrap conditions which are generalizations of the linear constraints contained in the Veneziano model.

Charles B. Chiu, Richard J. Eden, Michael B. Green, and Francoise Guérin

1969-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

193

Phase Contours and Bootstraps. II  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The phase-contour method is applied to reactions of the types PP?PP, PP?PV, and PP?PT, where P, V, and T denote, respectively, the pseudoscalar mesons ?, ?, K; the vector mesons ?, ?, K*; and the tensor mesons A2, f0, K**. Relations are obtained between zeros of the collision amplitudes and the resonance poles associated with the appropriate Regge trajectories. In a narrow-resonance approximation, and with a unitarity hypothesis that relates certain residue zeros and symmetry zeros of a collision amplitude, bootstrap constraints, which are generalizations of the Veneziano constraint, are obtained on the trajectory functions. A number of other ways of deriving these constraints are discussed. These constraints are then studied for all allowed meson reactions of the types noted above, and are compared with data on the Regge parameters that have been obtained from experiment.

Charles B. Chiu, Richard J. Eden, and Michael B. Green

1969-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

194

Two phase titanium aluminide alloy  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A two-phase titanic aluminide alloy having a lamellar microstructure with little intercolony structures. The alloy can include fine particles such as boride particles at colony boundaries and/or grain boundary equiaxed structures. The alloy can include alloying additions such as .ltoreq.10 at % W, Nb and/or Mo. The alloy can be free of Cr, V, Mn, Cu and/or Ni and can include, in atomic %, 45 to 55% Ti, 40 to 50% Al, 1 to 5% Nb, 0.3 to 2% W, up to 1% Mo and 0.1 to 0.3% B. In weight %, the alloy can include 57 to 60% Ti, 30 to 32% Al, 4 to 9% Nb, up to 2% Mo, 2 to 8% W and 0.02 to 0.08% B.

Deevi, Seetharama C. (Midlothian, VA); Liu, C. T. (Oak Ridge, TN)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Thermal Performance of Phase Change Wallboard for Residential Cooling Application  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

H. Manz; "Theory of Phase Change Materials with and withoutand A.K. Sircar; "Phase Change Materials for Heating andmanufacturing of phase change material (PCM) implemented in

Feustel, H.E.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

High performance Zintl phase TE materials with embedded nanoparticles...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

performance Zintl phase TE materials with embedded nanoparticles High performance Zintl phase TE materials with embedded nanoparticles Performance of zintl phase thermoelectric...

197

Pure Phase Solubility Limits: LANL  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The natural and engineered system at Yucca Mountain (YM) defines the site-specific conditions under which one must determine to what extent the engineered and the natural geochemical barriers will prevent the release of radioactive material from the repository. Most important mechanisms for retention or enhancement of radionuclide transport include precipitation or co-precipitation of radionuclide-bearing solid phases (solubility limits), complexation in solution, sorption onto surfaces, colloid formation, and diffusion. There may be many scenarios that could affect the near-field environment, creating chemical conditions more aggressive than the conditions presented by the unperturbed system (such as pH changes beyond the range of 6 to 9 or significant changes in the ionic strength of infiltrated waters). For an extended period of time, the near-field water composition may be quite different and more extreme in pH, ionic strength, and CO{sub 2} partial pressure (or carbonate concentration) than waters at some distance from the repository. Reducing conditions, high pH (up to 11), and low carbonate concentration may be present in the near-field after reaction of infiltrating groundwater with engineered barrier systems, such as cementitious materials. In the far-field, conditions are controlled by the rock-mass buffer providing a near-neutral, oxidizing, low-ionic-strength environment that controls radionuclide solubility limits and sorption capacities. There is the need for characterization of variable chemical conditions that affect solubility, speciation, and sorption reactions. Modeling of the groundwater chemistry is required and leads to an understanding of solubility and speciation of the important radionuclides. Because experimental studies cannot be performed under the numerous potential chemical conditions, solubility limitations must rely on geochemical modeling of the radionuclide's chemistry. Fundamental thermodynamic properties, such as solubility products, complex stability constants, and redox potentials for radionuclides in different oxidation states, form the underlying database to be used for those calculations. The potentially low solubilities of many radionuclides in natural waters constitute the first barrier for their migration from the repository into the environment. Evaluation of this effect requires a knowledge of the site-specific water chemistry and the expected spatial and temporal ranges of its variability. Quantitative determinations of radionuclide solubility in waters within the range of chemistry must be made. Speciation and molecular complexation must be ascertained to interpret and apply solubility results. The solubilities thus determined can be used to assess the effectiveness of solubility in limiting radionuclide migration. These solubilities can also be used to evaluate the effectiveness of other retardation processes expected to occur once dissolution of the source material and migration begin. Understanding the solubility behavior of radionuclides will assist in designing valuable sorption experiments that must be conducted below the solubility limit since only soluble species participate in surface reactions and sorption processes. The present strategy for radionuclide solubility tasks has been to provide a solubility model from bulk-experiments that attempt to bracket the estimate made for this Analysis and Modeling Report (AMR) of water conditions on site. The long-term goal must be to develop a thermodynamic database for solution speciation and solid-state determination as a prerequisite for transport calculations and interpretation of empirical solubility data. The model has to be self-consistent and tested against known solubility studies in order to predict radionuclide solubilities over the continuous distribution ranges of potential water compositions for performance assessment of the site. Solubility studies upper limits for radionuclide concentrations in natural waters. The concentration in the aqueous phase is controlled by the radionuclide-bearing solid phase and by

C. Stockman

2001-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

198

Novel 3-Phase Inductive Fault Current Limiter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper describes the inductive three-phase fault current limiter. In this work I examine the novel arrangements of the perfect closed superconducting loop made of HTS wire. I applied one iron core with 3 limbs and special loops for uniform temperature of the superconducting wire. In this work I present the results of my experiments with this device. I present the static and dynamic measured results of this solution. It has got several advantages e. g. fast switching and less fault power for high-power electric machines. The advantage of the equipment is that in the case of single-phase short circuit the current will decrease in all the three phases. This can be an appropriate solution for high power machines. For example, in the case of high-power electric motor if there is a single-phase breaking or a single phase short circuit, we can decrease the current in the three phases.

Janos Kosa

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Stationary phase deposition based on onium salts  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Onium salt chemistry can be used to deposit very uniform thickness stationary phases on the wall of a gas chromatography column. In particular, the stationary phase can be bonded to non-silicon based columns, especially microfabricated metal columns. Non-silicon microfabricated columns may be manufactured and processed at a fraction of the cost of silicon-based columns. In addition, the method can be used to phase-coat conventional capillary columns or silicon-based microfabricated columns.

Wheeler, David R. (Albuquerque, NM); Lewis, Patrick R. (Albuquerque, NM); Dirk, Shawn M. (Albuquerque, NM); Trudell, Daniel E. (Albuquerque, NM)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Environmental Effects on the Geometric Phase  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The behavior of the geometric phase gained by a single spin-1/2 nucleus immersed into a thermal or a squeezed environment is investigated. Both the time dependence of the phase and its value at infinity are examined against several physical parameters. It is observed that for some intermediate ranges of the temperature and the coupling strength, the presence of squeezing enhances the geometric phase.

A. C. Günhan; S. Turgut; N. K. Pak

2009-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "napl non-aqueous phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Vapor phase modifiers for oxidative coupling  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Volatilized metal compounds are described which are capable of retarding vapor phase alkane conversion reactions in oxidative coupling processes that convert lower alkanes to higher hydrocarbons.

Warren, B.K.

1991-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

202

Double acting stirling engine phase control  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A mechanical device for effecting a phase change between the expansion and compression volumes of a double-acting Stirling engine uses helical elements which produce opposite rotation of a pair of crankpins when a control rod is moved, so the phase between two pairs of pistons is changed by +.psi. and the phase between the other two pairs of pistons is changed by -.psi.. The phase can change beyond .psi.=90.degree. at which regenerative braking and then reversal of engine rotation occurs.

Berchowitz, David M. (Scotia, NY)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Applied fractionalization : quantum phases and phase transitions of strongly interacting systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Strongly correlated systems present interesting challenges in condensed matter physics. On the one hand, the theoretical work in the last two decades suggests that strong interactions may lead to new phases and phase ...

Grover, Tarun, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Reducing Nonlinear Distortion in Optical Phase Conjugation using a Midway Phase-Shifting Filter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The performance of optical phase conjugation (OPC) is improved by splitting the nonlinear element and inserting a phase-shifting filter. The maximum signal quality increases by 1.2 dB...

Morshed, Mohammad M; Lowery, Arthur J; Du, Liang B

205

Phase diagram and phase transitions of monolayer and bilayer CF4 on graphite  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The phase diagram of CF4 adsorbed on graphite in the monolayer and bilayer region is mapped out in an ac heat-capacity study. In the monolayer region, the resultant phase diagram shows the existence of five different solid phases. The melting transition can proceed from the (2×2) commensurate, I(S) (an incommensurate phase), and the hexagonal incommensurate (HI) phases. Strongly-first-order melting is found from the (2×2) and the I(S) phases. In contrast, a sharp and small heat-capacity peak followed by a broad anomaly, similar to the melting of Ar on graphite in the submonolayer region, is observed at the melting of the HI phase. In the bilayer region, four different regions of coexisting solid phases are found. The melting of the bilayer solid occurs at a triple point at 89.05 K. Our data also suggest a bilayer critical point at 93 K.

Q. M. Zhang; H. K. Kim; M. H. W. Chan

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Phase Space Navigator: Towards Automating Control Synthesis in Phase Spaces for Nonlinear Control Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We develop a novel autonomous control synthesis strategy called Phase Space Navigator for the automatic synthesis of nonlinear control systems. The Phase Space Navigator generates global control laws by synthesizing ...

Zhao, Feng

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Symmetry, Defects, and Gauging of Topological Phases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We examine the interplay of symmetry and topological order in $2+1$ dimensional topological phases of matter. We present a definition of the \\it topological symmetry \\rm group, which characterizes the symmetry of the emergent topological quantum numbers of a topological phase $\\mathcal{C}$, and describe its relation with the microscopic symmetry of the underlying physical system. We derive a general framework to classify symmetry fractionalization in topological phases, including non-Abelian phases and the possibility that the symmetries permute the quasiparticle types. We develop a theory of extrinsic defects (fluxes) associated with elements of the symmetry group, which provides a general classification of symmetry-enriched topological phases derived from a topological phase of matter $\\mathcal{C}$ with (on-site) symmetry group $G$. The algebraic theory of the defects, known as a $G$-crossed braided tensory category $\\mathcal{C}_{G}^{\\times}$, allows one to compute many properties, such as the number of topologically distinct types of defects associated with each group element, their fusion rules, quantum dimensions, zero modes, braiding exchange transformations, a generalized Verlinde formula for the defects, and modular transformations of the $G$-crossed extensions of topological phases. We also examine the promotion of the global symmetry to a local gauge invariance, wherein the extrinsic $G$-defects are turned into deconfined quasiparticle excitations, which results in a different topological phase $\\mathcal{C}/G$. A number of instructive and/or physically relevant examples are studied in detail.

Maissam Barkeshli; Parsa Bonderson; Meng Cheng; Zhenghan Wang

2014-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

208

COP5621 Project Phase 4 Code Generator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COP5621 Project Phase 4 Code Generator Purpose: This project is intended to give you experience in the text and in class. Project Summary: Your task is to write a code generator, the final phase of your the same task. Predefined Functions in PASC: You should write your own predefined procedures and functions

Yuan, Xin

209

The Ethics of Phase 0 Oncology Trials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Cancer Research CCR Focus CCR Focus The Ethics of Phase 0 Oncology Trials Emily Abdoler...feasibility, community acceptance, and ethics (8-13). This last topic is the subject...these trials (1, 2, 4, 6, 14). Ethics of Phase I Oncology Trials Given the small...

Emily Abdoler; Holly Taylor; David Wendler

2008-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

210

Intermediate Energy NN Phase Shifts. II  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Progress Letters Intermediate Energy NN Phase Shifts. II Norio...Takatoshi Watanabe Department of Nuclear Engineering, Faculty of Engineering...1019-1024 Intermediate Energy pp Phase Shifts to 1000 MeV...Dakhno et al. Leningrad Nuclear Physics Institute report 692......

Norio Hoshizaki; Takatoshi Watanabe

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Proceedings: EPRI Second Phased Array Inspection Seminar  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Second EPRI Phased Array Inspection Seminar focused on industrial applications of phased array technology that have been achieved to date or are planned for the near future. Presentations were made by developers of inspection techniques, inspection services vendors, and utility personnel who have performed inspections using arrays.

None

2001-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Second-quantized formulation of geometric phases  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The level crossing problem and associated geometric terms are neatly formulated by the second-quantized formulation. This formulation exhibits a hidden local gauge symmetry related to the arbitrariness of the phase choice of the complete orthonormal basis set. By using this second-quantized formulation, which does not assume adiabatic approximation, a convenient exact formula for the geometric terms including off-diagonal geometric terms is derived. The analysis of geometric phases is then reduced to a simple diagonalization of the Hamiltonian, and it is analyzed both in the operator and path-integral formulations. If one diagonalizes the geometric terms in the infinitesimal neighborhood of level crossing, the geometric phases become trivial (and thus no monopole singularity) for arbitrarily large but finite time interval T. The integrability of Schroedinger equation and the appearance of the seemingly nonintegrable phases are thus consistent. The topological proof of the Longuet-Higgins' phase-change rule, for example, fails in the practical Born-Oppenheimer approximation where a large but finite ratio of two time scales is involved and T is identified with the period of the slower system. The difference and similarity between the geometric phases associated with level crossing and the exact topological object such as the Aharonov-Bohm phase become clear in the present formulation. A crucial difference between the quantum anomaly and the geometric phases is also noted.

Deguchi, Shinichi; Fujikawa, Kazuo [Institute of Quantum Science, College of Science and Technology, Nihon University, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 101-8308 (Japan)

2005-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

213

Iterative Algorithms for Ptychographic Phase Retrieval  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ptychography promises diffraction limited resolution without the need for high resolution lenses. To achieve high resolution one has to solve the phase problem for many partially overlapping frames. Here we review some of the existing methods for solving ptychographic phase retrieval problem from a numerical analysis point of view, and propose alternative methods based on numerical optimization.

Yang, Chao; Qian, Jianliang; Schirotzek, Andre; Maia, Filipe; Marchesini, Stefano

2011-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

214

Gas-Phase Spectroscopy of Biomolecular  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gas-Phase Spectroscopy of Biomolecular Building Blocks Mattanjah S. de Vries1 and Pavel Hobza2 1, REMPI, computational chemistry, spectral hole burning, jet cooling Abstract Gas-phase spectroscopy lends. In recent years, we have seen enormous progress in the study of biomolecular building blocks in the gas

de Vries, Mattanjah S.

215

AIR QUALITY: Control Enters New Phase  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

AIR QUALITY: Control Enters New Phase ... Federal enforcement of air pollution is about to enter a new, more technically sophisticated, phase. ... Now air pollution control moves into the criteria and standards period, when numbers eventually will be the basis for enforcement and the country becomes zoned into 32 air quality regions. ...

1968-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

216

CONDENSATION AND EVAPORATION FOR THERMALLY UNEQUILIBRATED PHASES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONDENSATION AND EVAPORATION FOR THERMALLY UNEQUILIBRATED PHASES R. A. Marcus1 , A. V. Fedkin2-K) equation for the rate of condensation of a gas or evaporation of a solid or liquid is used for systems, Tg, differs from that of the condensed phase, Ts . Here, we modify the H-K equation for this case

Grossman, Lawrence

217

Charm -- a thermometer of the mixed phase  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A charmed quark experiences drag and diffusion in the quark-gluon plasma, as well as strong interaction with the plasma surface. Our simulations indicate that charmed quarks created in heavy ion collisions will be trapped in the mixed phase and will come to equilibrium in it. Their momentum distribution will thus reflect the temperature at the confinement phase transition.

Benjamin Svetitsky; Asher Uziel

1997-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

218

Extreme phase and rotated quadrature measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We determine the extreme points of the convex set of covariant phase observables. Such extremals describe the best phase parameter measurements of laser light - the best in the sense that they are free from classical randomness due to fluctuations in the measuring procedure. We also characterize extreme fuzzy rotated quadratures.

Juha-Pekka Pellonpää

2009-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

219

Phasing Renewable Energy Implementation | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Phasing Renewable Energy Implementation Phasing Renewable Energy Implementation Phasing Renewable Energy Implementation October 16, 2013 - 4:41pm Addthis If conventional or other renewable energy funding cannot be procured, or if an agency is working towards a higher goal for renewable energy usage that cannot be met with the current budget, agencies may choose to phase renewable energy into their project. This lays the groundwork and infrastructure now so that some or all of the renewable energy can easily be installed at a later date. A guide to phasing the development of renewable energy is the Solar Ready Buildings Planning Guide, developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). The renewable energy project funding page has more information on applicable methods for financing the renewable energy system

220

Nonlinear multiferroic phase shifters for microwave frequencies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A nonlinear microwave phase shifter based on a planar multiferroic composite has been studied. The multiferroic structure is fabricated in the form of a bilayer consisting of yttrium iron garnet and barium strontium titanate. The principle of operation of the device is based on the linear and nonlinear control of the phase shift of the hybrid spin-electromagnetic waves propagating in the bilayer. The linear control is realized with magnetic and electric fields. The nonlinear control is provided by the input power of microwave signal. The device showed a nonlinear phase shift up to 250°, electric field induced phase shift up to 330°, and magnetic field induced phase shift of more than 180°.

Ustinov, Alexey B.; Kalinikos, Boris A. [Department of Physical Electronics and Technology, St. Petersburg Electrotechnical University, St. Petersburg 197376 (Russian Federation); Srinivasan, G. [Department of Physics, Oakland University, Rochester, Michigan 48309 (United States)

2014-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "napl non-aqueous phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Phase equilibria in solutions of disklike particles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Flory lattice method has been utilized to study phase equilibria in solutions of disklike molecules. It is found that the critical disk diameter-to-width ratio x for the formation of the stable nematic phase is about 3.015. Temperature-concentration phase diagrams are studied for several values of x. For x<8.6 isotropic and nematic phases are separated by a biphasic range of concentrations. Above x?8.6 a reentrant nematic feature appears, i.e., at a given temperature either of two pairs of phases, isotropic-nematic or nematic-nematic, occurred. The locations of the corresponding critical and triple points are computed. © 1996 The American Physical Society.

Maciej Wnek and Jozef K. Moscicki

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Robustness of phase retrieval methods in x-ray phase contrast imaging: A comparison  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: The robustness of the phase retrieval methods is of critical importance for limiting and reducing radiation doses involved in x-ray phase contrast imaging. This work is to compare the robustness of two phase retrieval methods by analyzing the phase maps retrieved from the experimental images of a phantom. Methods: Two phase retrieval methods were compared. One method is based on the transport of intensity equation (TIE) for phase contrast projections, and the TIE-based method is the most commonly used method for phase retrieval in the literature. The other is the recently developed attenuation-partition based (AP-based) phase retrieval method. The authors applied these two methods to experimental projection images of an air-bubble wrap phantom for retrieving the phase map of the bubble wrap. The retrieved phase maps obtained by using the two methods are compared. Results: In the wrap's phase map retrieved by using the TIE-based method, no bubble is recognizable, hence, this method failed completely for phase retrieval from these bubble wrap images. Even with the help of the Tikhonov regularization, the bubbles are still hardly visible and buried in the cluttered background in the retrieved phase map. The retrieved phase values with this method are grossly erroneous. In contrast, in the wrap's phase map retrieved by using the AP-based method, the bubbles are clearly recovered. The retrieved phase values with the AP-based method are reasonably close to the estimate based on the thickness-based measurement. The authors traced these stark performance differences of the two methods to their different techniques employed to deal with the singularity problem involved in the phase retrievals. Conclusions: This comparison shows that the conventional TIE-based phase retrieval method, regardless if Tikhonov regularization is used or not, is unstable against the noise in the wrap's projection images, while the AP-based phase retrieval method is shown in these experiments to be superior to the TIE-based method for the robustness in performing the phase retrieval.

Yan, Aimin; Wu, Xizeng; Liu, Hong [Department of Radiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35233 (United States); Center for Bioengineering and School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma 73019 (United States)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

223

Signatures of an electronic nematic phase at the isotropic-nematic phase transition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The electronic nematic phase occurs when the point-group symmetry of the lattice structure is broken, due to electron-electron interactions. We study a model for the nematic phase on a square lattice with emphasis on the phase transition between isotropic and nematic phases within mean-field theory. We find the transition to be first order, with dramatic changes in the Fermi-surface topology accompanying the transition. Furthermore, we study the conductivity tensor and Hall constant as probes of the nematic phase and its transition. The relevance of our findings to Hall resistivity experiments in the high-Tc cuprates is discussed.

Hae-Young Kee; Eugene H. Kim; Chung-Hou Chung

2003-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

224

A-B Phase Transition and Pinning of Phase Boundary of Superfluid 3He in Aerogel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Phase transition in superfluid 3He in aerogel has been studied by NMR. Above 19 bar, we have clearly observed the A-like and B-like phases by following changes in the NMR lineshapes and resonance frequencies. There is a wide temperature region in which the A-like phase and the B-like phase coexist, extending from near the superfluid transition temperature T{sub c}{sup aero} to the lowest temperature of coexistence, T{sub AB}{sup aero}, below which only the B-like phase exists. There are two temperature regions, only in which the phase conversion occurs. Both regions are a few tens of {mu}K wide, the upper region being just below T{sub c}{sup aero} and the lower one just above T{sub AB}{sup aero}. In cooling down and warming up with the two phases in coexistence, no phase conversion occurs between the two regions. The phase boundary between the A-like phase and B-like phase cannot move in aerogel due to strong pinning by inhomogenities of aerogel.

Ishikawa, Osamu; Kado, Ryusuke; Obara, Ken; Yano, Hideo; Hata, Tohru [Graduate School of Science, Osaka City University, Osaka 558-8585 (Japan); Nakagawa, Hisashi [Metrology Institute of Japan, Advanced Industrial Science and Technology Tsukuba, 305-8563 (Japan); Yokogawa, Hiroshi; Yokoyama, Masaru [Matsushita Electric Works Ltd. Kadoma, Osaka, 571-0500 (Japan)

2006-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

225

Phase Contours of Scattering Amplitudes. I. Phase Contours, Zeros, and High-Energy Behavior  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We define phase contours as curves along which the phase of an invariant scattering amplitude is a constant. These curves are sections of a complex surface, which we take either in the real (s,t) plane or in the complex plane of one of the variables. The relation between phase contours, zeros of the amplitude, and high-energy behavior is discussed. Characteristic features of phase contours are investigated in a variety of special models, and it is seen that basic assumptions about high-energy behavior can readily be expressed in terms of the topology of the phase contours. Specific illustrations of phase contours are given for pionnucleon scattering based on phase-shift solutions at low and medium energies and on an extrapolation from Regge solutions at high energies.

Charles B. Chiu, Richard J. Eden, and Chung-I Tan

1968-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

226

A Phase-Field Model for Phase Transformations in Glass-Forming Alloys  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A phase-field model is proposed for phase transformations in glass-forming alloys. The glass transition is introduced as a structural relaxation, and the competition between the glass and crystalline phases is investigated. The simulations are performed for Cu-Zr alloys, employing thermodynamic and kinetic parameters derived from reported thermodynamic modeling and molecular dynamics simulation results,[1–3] respectively. Four distinct phase fields are treated with a multi-phase-field approach, representing the liquid/glass, Cu10Zr7, CuZr, and CuZr2 phases. In addition, a continuum-field method is applied to the liquid to accommodate the liquid–glass transformation. The combined phase-field approach is used to investigate the glass formation tendency, and critical cooling rates are estimated and compared with the reported experimental values.

Wang, Tao; Napolitano, Ralph E.

2012-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

227

Thermodynamic phase-field model for microstructure with multiple components and phases: The possibility of metastable phases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A diffuse-interface model for microstructure with an arbitrary number of components and phases was developed from basic thermodynamic and kinetic principles and formalized within a variational framework. The model includes ...

Cogswell, Daniel A.

228

Quantum Nature of a Nuclear Phase Transition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

At finite temperatures and low densities, nuclei may undergo a phase change similar to a classical liquid-gas phase transition. Temperature is the control parameter while density and pressure are the conjugate variables. In the nucleus the difference between the proton and neutron concentrations acts as an additional order parameter, for which the symmetry potential is the conjugate variable. We present experimental results which reveal the N/Z dependence of the phase transition and discuss possible implications of these observations in terms of the Landau free energy description of critical phenomena.

A. Bonasera; Z. Chen; R. Wada; K. Hagel; J. Natowitz; P. Sahu; L. Qin; S. Kowalski; Th. Keutgen; T. Materna; T. Nakagawa

2008-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

229

Quantum Phase Extraction in Isospectral Electronic Nanostructures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Quantum phase is not a direct observable and is usually determined by interferometric methods. We present a method to map complete electron wave functions, including internal quantum phase information, from measured single-state probability densities. We harness the mathematical discovery of drum-like manifolds bearing different shapes but identical resonances, and construct quantum isospectral nanostructures possessing matching electronic structure but divergent physical structure. Quantum measurement (scanning tunneling microscopy) of these 'quantum drums' [degenerate two-dimensional electron states on the Cu(111) surface confined by individually positioned CO molecules] reveals that isospectrality provides an extra topological degree of freedom enabling robust quantum state transplantation and phase extraction.

Moon, Christopher

2010-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

230

Phase recovery for x-ray crystallography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For many years people have believed that in conventional x-ray crystallography one can only record the diffraction intensities but not the phases. In order to obtain the atomic arrangements, one usually has to guess a structure and then fit the intensity data by refining its parameters. Here, we show that the phases are in fact hidden in the intensity data, and can be directly recovered from the peak profiles. This method is demonstrated by the normal two-beam x-ray diffraction of a noncentrosymmetric crystal, and nontrivial phases are recovered from the intensity data alone.

G. Xu, G. E. Zhou, and X. Y. Zhang

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Phase 2, Solid waste retrieval strategy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Solid TRU retrieval, Phase 1 is scheduled to commence operation in 1998 at 218W-4C-T01 and complete recovery of the waste containers in 2001. Phase 2 Retrieval will recover the remaining buried TRU waste to be retrieved and provide the preliminary characterization by non-destructive means to allow interim storage until processing for disposal. This document reports on researching the characterization documents to determine the types of wastes to be retrieved and where located, waste configurations, conditions, and required methods for retrieval. Also included are discussions of wastes encompassed by Phase 2 for which there are valid reasons to not retrieve.

Johnson, D.M.

1994-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

232

Unruh effect, quantum thermometer and geometric phase  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze the properties of the geometric phase of a two level atom system in the case in which the atoms are accelerated by an external potential and in the case in which they interact with a thermal state. Non-trivial values of the geometric phases are obtained. We then propose the realization of an interferometer in which the analysis of Mukunda-Simon phase can demonstrate the existence of the Unruh effect. The realization of a very precise quantum thermometer is also discussed.

A. Capolupo; G. Vitiello

2015-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

233

Solano Phase 3 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Phase 3 Phase 3 Jump to: navigation, search Name Solano Phase 3 Facility Solano Phase 3 Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Sacramento Municipal Utility District Developer Sacramento Municipal Utility District Energy Purchaser Sacramento Municipal Utility District Location Birds Landing CA Coordinates 38.12672486°, -121.8601799° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.12672486,"lon":-121.8601799,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

234

Cleveland Project Phase 2 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Phase 2 Phase 2 Jump to: navigation, search Name Cleveland Project Phase 2 Facility Cleveland Project Phase 2 Sector Wind energy Facility Type Offshore Wind Facility Status Proposed Developer Lake Erie Energy Development Corporation Location Lake Erie OH Coordinates 41.725°, -81.802° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.725,"lon":-81.802,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

235

Tillamook Windfloat Phase 1 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Windfloat Phase 1 Windfloat Phase 1 Jump to: navigation, search Name Tillamook Windfloat Phase 1 Facility Tillamook Windfloat Phase 1 Sector Wind energy Facility Type Offshore Wind Facility Status Proposed Owner Principle Power Developer Principle Power Location Pacific Ocean OR Coordinates 45.54°, -124.156° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.54,"lon":-124.156,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

236

3 Phases Energy Services | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Phases Energy Services Phases Energy Services Jump to: navigation, search Name 3 Phases Energy Services Place California Utility Id 21093 Utility Location Yes Ownership R NERC Location WECC NERC WECC Yes ISO CA Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates Residential: $0.1220/kWh Commercial: $0.1090/kWh Industrial: $0.0707/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=3_Phases_Energy_Services&oldid=678228"

237

Windy Flats Phase III | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Phase III Phase III Jump to: navigation, search Name Windy Flats Phase III Facility Windy Flats Phase III Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status Proposed Owner Cannon Power Group Developer Cannon Power Group Location Goldendale WA Coordinates 45.76201437°, -120.5455971° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":45.76201437,"lon":-120.5455971,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

238

K Basins Sludge Treatment Project Phase 1  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

K Basins Sludge Treatment Project Phase 1 K Basins Sludge Treatment Project Phase 1 Technology Readiness Assessment Report Herb G. Sutter Michael Poirier Art W. Etchells Gary Smith Kris Thomas Jim J. Davis Paul Macbeth November 16, 2009 Prepared by the U.S. Department of Energy Washington, D.C. K Basins Sludge Treatment Project Phase 1 Technology Readiness Assessment Report November 16, 2009 ii Herbert G. Sutter, Team Lead Date Michael Poirier, Team Member Date Arthur W. Etchells, Team Member Date Gary Smith, Team Member Date Kris Thomas, Team Member Date Jim J. Davis, Team Member Date Paul Macbeth, Team Member Date Signatures 11/09/2009 11/09/2009 11/09/2009 K Basins Sludge Treatment Project Phase 1 Technology Readiness Assessment Report November 16, 2009

239

Edison Phase II Compute Cabinets Arrive  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Edison Phase II Compute Cabinets Arrive at NERSC Edison Phase II Compute Cabinets Arrive at NERSC Edison Phase II Compute Cabinets Arrive at NERSC June 27, 2013 by Zhengji Zhao (1 Comments) The compute cabinets were shiped to NERSC between June 24 and 25, 2013.They have been installed on the machine room floor in Oakland. The 28 canbinets that comprise the Phase II system were powered up on June 27, 2013. Post your comment You cannot post comments until you have logged in. Login Here. Comments I re-compiled my program on Edison with Intel compiler. Once submitted the job, the waiting time in the regular queue was very short compared to Hopper. The run on Edison was smooth and with no problems. Comparing the CPU time for the run, I found that the job run almost twice as faster as in Hopper (using PGI compilers). (In Edison it took 111 seconds and in Hopper/PGI 203

240

Exploring topological phases with quantum walks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The quantum walk was originally proposed as a quantum-mechanical analog of the classical random walk, and has since become a powerful tool in quantum information science. In this paper, we show that discrete-time quantum walks provide a versatile platform for studying topological phases, which are currently the subject of intense theoretical and experimental investigations. In particular, we demonstrate that recent experimental realizations of quantum walks with cold atoms, photons, and ions simulate a nontrivial one-dimensional topological phase. With simple modifications, the quantum walk can be engineered to realize all of the topological phases, which have been classified in one and two dimensions. We further discuss the existence of robust edge modes at phase boundaries, which provide experimental signatures for the nontrivial topological character of the system.

Kitagawa, Takuya; Rudner, Mark S.; Berg, Erez; Demler, Eugene [Department of Physics, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "napl non-aqueous phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Phase transitions of helium in aerogel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of dilute quenched impurities on the liquid-vapor critical point, superfluid and He3?He4 phase separation transitions were studied by introducing liquid helium into aerogel. Aerogel is a highly porous ...

M. H. W. Chan

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Nuclear Concrete Materials Database Phase I Development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The FY 2011 accomplishments in Phase I development of the Nuclear Concrete Materials Database to support the Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program are summarized. The database has been developed using the ORNL materials database infrastructure established for the Gen IV Materials Handbook to achieve cost reduction and development efficiency. In this Phase I development, the database has been successfully designed and constructed to manage documents in the Portable Document Format generated from the Structural Materials Handbook that contains nuclear concrete materials data and related information. The completion of the Phase I database has established a solid foundation for Phase II development, in which a digital database will be designed and constructed to manage nuclear concrete materials data in various digitized formats to facilitate electronic and mathematical processing for analysis, modeling, and design applications.

Ren, Weiju [ORNL; Naus, Dan J [ORNL

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Engineered Phase-Matching for Quantum Photonics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We demonstrate Gaussian-shaped quasi-phase matching of a nonlinear optical crystal via custom duty-cycle modulation on its grating structure. Our analysis shows this crystal can...

Dixon, P Ben; Shapiro, Jeffrey H; Wong, Franco N

244

Metamorphosis: Phases of UF{sub 6}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A 15-minute videotape is presented. The subject matter is 150 grams of UF{sub 6} sealed in a glass tube. Close-up views show the UF{sub 6} as phase changes are effected by the addition or removal of heat from the closed system. The solid-to-liquid transition is shown as heat is added, both slowly and rapidly. The solid phases which result from freezing and from desublimation are contrasted. In the solid state, uranium hexafluoride is a nearly-white, dense crystalline solid. The appearance of this solid depends on whether it is formed by freezing from the liquid or by desublimation from the vapor phase. If frozen from the liquid, the solid particles take the form of irregularly shaped coarse grains, while the solid product of desublimation tends to be a rather formless mass without individually distinguishable particles. The changes in state are presented in terms of the UF{sub 6} phase diagram.

Dyer, R.H. [Department of Energy, Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

245

Chiral Discotic Columnar Phases in Liquid Crystals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce a model to describe columnar phases of chiral discotic liquid phases in which the normals to disc-like molecules are constrained to lie parallel to columnar axes. The model includes separate chiral interactions favoring, respectively, relative twist of chiral molecules along the axes of the columns and twist of the two-dimensional columnar lattice. It also includes a coupling between the lattice and the orientation of the discotic molecules. We discuss the instability of the aligned hexagonal lattice phase to the formation of a soliton lattice in which molecules twist within their columns without affecting the lattice and to the formation of a moir\\'{e} phase consisting of a periodic array of twist grain boundaries perpendicular to the columns.

Gu Yan; T. C. Lubensky

1996-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

246

Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan Seismic Phase II  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan Seismic Phase II Prepared by: Environment, Health and Safety Division Environmental Services Group May 2010 Revision 1 Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National ..................................................................................................................... 15 2.1.1 Demolition of Building 25/25B

247

Picosecond laser timing by rf phase shifting  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

lasers pumped by synchronized mode?locked, Q?switched, cw Nd:YAG lasers. The phase shifter operates with better than 10?ps precision and generates time delays from 0 to 26 ns....

Johnson, Carey K.; Qian, Jun

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Synthesis of alloys with controlled phase structure  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for preparing controlled phase alloys useful for engineering and hydrogen storage applications. This novel method avoids melting the constituents by employing vapor transport, in a hydrogen atmosphere, of an active metal constituent, having a high vapor pressure at temperatures .apprxeq.300 C. and its subsequent condensation on and reaction with the other constituent (substrate) of an alloy thereby forming a controlled phase alloy and preferably a single phase alloy. It is preferred that the substrate material be a metal powder such that diffusion of the active metal constituent, preferably magnesium, and reaction therewith can be completed within a reasonable time and at temperatures .apprxeq.300 C. thereby avoiding undesirable effects such as sintering, local compositional inhomogeneities, segregation, and formation of unwanted second phases such as intermetallic compounds.

Guthrie, Stephen Everett (Livermore, CA); Thomas, George John (Livermore, CA); Bauer, Walter (Livermore, CA); Yang, Nancy Yuan Chi (Lafayette, CA)

1999-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

249

Synthesis of alloys with controlled phase structure  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method is described for preparing controlled phase alloys useful for engineering and hydrogen storage applications. This novel method avoids melting the constituents by employing vapor transport, in a hydrogen atmosphere, of an active metal constituent, having a high vapor pressure at temperatures {approx_equal}300 C and its subsequent condensation on and reaction with the other constituent (substrate) of an alloy thereby forming a controlled phase alloy and preferably a single phase alloy. It is preferred that the substrate material be a metal powder such that diffusion of the active metal constituent, preferably magnesium, and reaction therewith can be completed within a reasonable time and at temperatures {approx_equal}300 C thereby avoiding undesirable effects such as sintering, local compositional inhomogeneities, segregation, and formation of unwanted second phases such as intermetallic compounds. 4 figs.

Guthrie, S.E.; Thomas, G.J.; Bauer, W.; Yang, N.Y.C.

1999-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

250

Adaptive phase measurements for narrowband squeezed beams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have previously [Phys. Rev. A 65, 043803 (2002)] analyzed adaptive measurements for estimating the continuously varying phase of a coherent beam, and a broadband squeezed beam. A real squeezed beam must have finite photon flux N and hence can be significantly squeezed only over a limited frequency range. In this paper we analyze adaptive phase measurements of this type for a realistic model of a squeezed beam. We show that, provided it is possible to suitably choose the parameters of the beam, a mean-square phase uncertainty scaling as (N/kappa)^{-5/8} is possible, where kappa is the linewidth of the beam resulting from the fluctuating phase. This is an improvement over the (N/kappa)^{-1/2} scaling found previously for coherent beams. In the experimentally realistic case where there is a limit on the maximum squeezing possible, the variance will be reduced below that for coherent beams, though the scaling is unchanged.

Dominic W. Berry; Howard M. Wiseman

2006-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

251

Phase-Transfer Catalysis: Industrial Perspective  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the early 1990s, it was estimated that approximately 500 commercial phase-transfer catalysis (PTC) processes were being performed using at least 25 million pounds per year of catalyst. It was also estimated...

Charles M. Starks; Charles L. Liotta; Marc E. Halpern

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Two phase flow in capillary tubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The flow of two phases, gas and liquid, has been studied in horizontal tubes of capillary diameter. The flow has been primarily studied in the regime where the gas flows as long bubbles separated from the wall of the tube ...

Suo, Mikio

1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Phase Change Memory An Architecture and Systems Perspective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;Phase Change Memory Store data within phase change material [Ovshinsky68] Set phase via currentPhase Change Memory An Architecture and Systems Perspective Benjamin Lee Computer Architecture lifetime 1 B.Lee et al. "Architecting phase change memory as a scalable DRAM alternative." ISCA-36

Lee, Benjamin C.

254

Dynamical phase trajectories for relativistic nuclearcollisions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Central collisions of gold nuclei are simulated by severalexisting models and the central net baryon density rho and the energydensity eps are extrac ted at successive times, for beam kinetic energiesof 5-40 GeV per nucleon. The resulting trajectories in the (rho,eps)phase plane are discussed from the perspective of experimentallyexploring the expected first-order hadronization phase transition withthe planned FAIR at GSI or in a low-energy campaign at RHIC.

Arsene, I.C.; Bravina, L.V.; Cassing, W.; Ivanov, Yu.B.; Larionov, A.; Randrup, J.; Russkikh, V.N.; Toneev, V.D.; Zeeb, G.; Zschiesche, D.

2006-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

255

Robust phase sensitive inversion recovery imaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in all the cases was maintained constant with maximum variation rate of 0:026 cycles per pixel. : : : : : : : : 43 19 Phasesensitivereconstructionofimagewithveryhighbackground phase variation rate using block merging algorithm. (a) True image, (b) Real... re- construction, (d) PSIR image obtained using block merging algorithm. 46 21 Error vs. SNR plot for the region growing algorithm. The back- ground phase variation in all the cases was maintained constant with maximum variation rate of 0:026 cycles...

Garach, Ravindra Mahendrakumar

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Polarized neutron reflectometry with phase analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A novel technique, polarized neutron reflectometry with phase analysis (PNRPA), is suggested, in which not only the moduli of reflection matrix elements but also up to three phase differences are measured. It is realized in the scheme with two flippers and an analyzer, by reflection of neutrons with the spin, in succession, parallel and antiparallel to two inclined axes fixed to the sample. More detailed information about magnetic layered structures can be thus obtained. An adequate mathematical formalism is given.

N.K. Pleshanov

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Deformation of C15 Laves phase alloys  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Details of the structure and previous work on the deformation of C Laves phases are reviewed. The phase diagram of the Hf-V-Nb system, some metallurgical and physical properties, mechanical behavior, and the deformation mechanisms of HfV{sub 2}+Nb (CI5 HfV{sub 2}+Nb and V-rich bcc solution) are presented based on our previous work. Theoretical approaches to understanding the results of these studies are discussed.

Chu, F.; Pope, D.P.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

258

Overpotential-Dependent Phase Transformation Pathways  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An objective in battery development for higher storage energy density is the design of compounds that can accommodate maximum changes in ion concentration over useful electrochemical windows. Not surprisingly, many storage compounds undergo phase transitions in situ, including production of metastable phases. Unique to this environment is the frequent application of electrical over- and underpotentials, which are the electrical analogs to undercooling and superheating. Surprisingly, overpotential effects on phase stability and transformation mechanisms have not been studied in detail. Here we use synchrotron X-ray diffraction performed in situ during potentiostatic and galvanostatic cycling, combined with phase-field modeling, to reveal a remarkable dependence of phase transition pathway on overpotential in the model olivine Li{sub 1-x}FePO{sub 4}. For a sample of particle size {approx}113 nm, at both low (e.g., <20 mV) and high (>75 mV) overpotentials a crystal-to-crystal olivine transformation dominates, whereas at intermediate overpotentials a crystalline-to-amorphous phase transition is preferred. As particle sizes decrease to the nanoscale, amorphization is further emphasized. Implications for battery use and design are considered.

Y Kao; M Tang; N Meethong; J Bai; W Carter; Y Chiang

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

259

Crystallization of Ge2Sb2Te5 nanometric phase change material clusters made by gas-phase condensation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Crystallization of Ge2Sb2Te5 nanometric phase change material clusters made by gas- phase=pdfcov Published by the AIP Publishing Articles you may be interested in Nanoscale nuclei in phase change materials phase change material clusters made by gas-phase condensation G. E. Ghezzi,1,2 R. Morel,3 A. Brenac,3 N

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

260

Thermal Performance of Phase Change Wallboard for Residential Cooling Application  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

H. Manz; "Theory of Phase Change Materials with and withoutand A.K. Sircar; "Phase Change Materials for Heating andContaining a Phase Change Material", Proceedings of the 25th

Feustel, H.E.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "napl non-aqueous phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

An economical optical system design using phase diversity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The resolution of an incoherent imaging system is olden limited aberrations. Phase aberrations by phase arise from a variety of sources including atmospheric turbulence, misaligned optical and improper mirror figure. Knowledge of phase aberrations...

Thosani, Samir C.

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

262

Face recognition with disparity corrected gabor phase differences  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We analyze the relative relevance of Gabor amplitudes and phases for face recognition. We propose an algorithm to reliably estimate offset point disparities from phase differences and show that disparity-corrected Gabor phase differences are well suited ...

Manuel Günther; Dennis Haufe; Rolf P. Würtz

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

GTC Phase-2 Preparation Tool Gran Telescopio Canarias  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

GTC Phase-2 Preparation Tool 1 Gran Telescopio Canarias Phase-2 Preparation Tool Valid from period describes how to use the Phase-2 tool for preparing observations at the Gran Telescopio CANARIAS (GTC). Each

264

Phase-Transfer Catalysis: Chiral Phase-Transfer-Catalyzed Formation of Carbon-Carbon Bonds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is only within the last two decades that heterogeneous enantioselective syntheses involving chiral phase-transfer catalysts (quaternary ammonium and phosphonium salts, macrocyclic miltidentate ligands, poly...

Charles M. Starks; Charles L. Liotta; Marc E. Halpern

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

OPTICAL PHASE CURVES OF KEPLER EXOPLANETS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We conducted a comprehensive search for optical phase variations of all close-in (a/R{sub *} < 10) planet candidates in 15 quarters of Kepler space telescope data. After correcting for systematics, we found eight systems that show secondary eclipses as well as phase variations. Of these, five (Kepler-5, Kepler-6, Kepler-8, KOI-64, and KOI-2133) are new and three (TrES-2, HAT-P-7, and KOI-13) have published phase curves, albeit with many fewer observations. We model the full phase curve of each planet candidate, including the primary and secondary transits, and derive their albedos, dayside and nightside temperatures, ellipsoidal variations, and Doppler beaming. We find that KOI-64 and KOI-2133 have nightside temperatures well above their equilibrium values (while KOI-2133 also has an albedo, >1), so we conclude that they are likely to be self-luminous objects rather than planets. The other six candidates have characteristics consistent with their being planets with low geometric albedos (<0.3). For TrES-2 and KOI-13, the Kepler bandpass appears to probe atmospheric layers hotter than the planet's equilibrium temperature. For KOI-13, we detect a never-before-seen third cosine harmonic with an amplitude of 6.7 {+-} 0.3 ppm and a phase shift of -1.1 {+-} 0.1 rad in the phase curve residual, possibly due to its spin-orbit misalignment. We report derived planetary parameters for all six planets, including masses from ellipsoidal variations and Doppler beaming, and compare our results to published values when available. Our results nearly double the number of Kepler exoplanets with measured phase curve variations, thus providing valuable constraints on the properties of hot Jupiters.

Esteves, Lisa J.; De Mooij, Ernst J. W.; Jayawardhana, Ray, E-mail: esteves@astro.utoronto.ca, E-mail: demooij@astro.utoronto.ca, E-mail: rayjay@astro.utoronto.ca [Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 50 St. George Street, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3H4 (Canada)

2013-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

266

Metal Removal from Contaminated Soil and Sediments by the Biosurfactant Surfactin  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Batch soil washing experiments were performed to evaluate the feasibility of using surfactin from Bacillus subtilis, a lipopeptide biosurfactant, for the removal of heavy metals from a contaminated soil and sediments. ... A study was conducted on the effect of two different biological factors, microbial surfactants and biodegradation, on the kinetics of partitioning of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from nonaqueous-phase liquids (NAPLs). ...

Catherine N. Mulligan; Raymond N. Yong; Bernard F. Gibbs; Susan James; H. P. J. Bennett

1999-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

267

For Immediate Release Date: December 12, 2002 News Release Contact: Russell Houston  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and their applications in soil and ground water remediations; stochastic study of flow and transport in highly-Aqueous-Phase-Liquid) remediation; and water, heat, and solute transport in highway pavement materials. Some 9,000 transportation geochemical reactions and sorption; water resource availability modeling and management; NAPL (Non

Zhan, Hongbin

268

Project Profile: Innovative Phase Change Thermal Energy Storage...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Phase Change Thermal Energy Storage Solution for Baseload Power Project Profile: Innovative Phase Change Thermal Energy Storage Solution for Baseload Power Infinia logo Infinia,...

269

Two-Phase Cooling Technology for Power Electronics with Novel...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Two-Phase Cooling Technology for Power Electronics with Novel Coolants Two-Phase Cooling Technology for Power Electronics with Novel Coolants 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells...

270

Novel and Optimized Materials Phases for High Energy Density...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Novel and Optimized Materials Phases for High Energy Density Batteries Novel and Optimized Materials Phases for High Energy Density Batteries 2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells...

271

BSU GHP District Heating and Cooling System (Phase I) | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

BSU GHP District Heating and Cooling System (Phase I) BSU GHP District Heating and Cooling System (Phase I) Project objectives: Create a campus geothermal heating and cooling...

272

SPIDERS JCTD Phase 3 Status and Way Ahead  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

NAVFAC UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED Page-2 Phase 3 Objectives * Phase 3 is the entire Camp Smith installation * Multiple integrated microgrids will support mission Integration of...

273

Advanced Collaborative Emissions Study (ACES): Phase 2 Status...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

: Phase 2 Status Report Advanced Collaborative Emissions Study (ACES): Phase 2 Status Report Discusses status of ACES, a cooperative multi-party effort to characterize emissions...

274

Phase 1 of the Advanced Collaborative Emissions Study (ACES)...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Phase 1 of the Advanced Collaborative Emissions Study (ACES): Highlights of Project Finding Phase 1 of the Advanced Collaborative Emissions Study (ACES): Highlights of Project...

275

Advanced Envelope Research for Factory Built Housing, Phase 3...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Advanced Envelope Research for Factory Built Housing, Phase 3-Design Development and Prototyping Advanced Envelope Research for Factory Built Housing, Phase 3-Design Development...

276

Equivalence of cost generators for minimum cost flow phase unwrapping  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Phase unwrapping represents a crucial step in processing phase data obtained with techniques such as synthetic aperture radar interferometry, speckle interferometry, and magnetic...

Hubig, Michael; Suchandt, Steffen; Adam, Nico

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Used Fuel Disposition Campaign Phase I Ring Compression Testing...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Phase I Ring Compression Testing of High Burnup Cladding Used Fuel Disposition Campaign Phase I Ring Compression Testing of High Burnup Cladding The purpose of ring compression...

278

In Situ TEM Investigation of Congruent Phase Transition and Structural...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of Congruent Phase Transition and Structural Evolution of Nanostructured SiliconCarbon Anode for In Situ TEM Investigation of Congruent Phase Transition and Structural Evolution...

279

K Basins Sludge Treatment Project Phase 1 | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

K Basins Sludge Treatment Project Phase 1 K Basins Sludge Treatment Project Phase 1 Full Document and Summary Versions are available for download K Basins Sludge Treatment Project...

280

First-principles calculations of the electronic structure, phase...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

calculations of the electronic structure, phase transition and properties of ZrSiO4 polymorphs. First-principles calculations of the electronic structure, phase transition and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "napl non-aqueous phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

DECOUPLED ENERGY STABLE SCHEMES FOR A PHASE-FIELD ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Phase-field, two-phase flow, Navier-Stokes, variable density, stability, energy stable ... numerical simulations, including the dynamics of an air bubble rising in

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

282

Diffraction Phase Cytometry: blood on a CD-ROM  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We demonstrate Diffraction Phase Cytometry (DPC) as a single shot, full-field, high throughput quantitative phase imaging modality, dedicated to analyzing whole blood smears. Utilizing...

Mir, Mustafa; Wang, Zhuo; Tangella, Krishnarao; Popescu, Gabriel

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Factors Affecting HCCI Combustion Phasing for Fuels with Single...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Affecting HCCI Combustion Phasing for Fuels with Single- and Dual-Stage Chemistry Factors Affecting HCCI Combustion Phasing for Fuels with Single- and Dual-Stage Chemistry 2004...

284

Study of second phase in bioabsorbable magnesium alloys: Phase stability evaluation via Dmol{sup 3} calculation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thermodynamical stabilities of four conventional second phases as well as magnesium matrix in bioabsorbable magnesium alloys were investigated theoretically via computer calculation method. Model of individual phase and systems including phase and four water molecular (phase-4H{sub 2}O) were established to simulate the in vitro and in vivo environment. Local orbital density functional theory approach was applied to calculate the total energy for the individual phase and phase-4H{sub 2}O system. The results demonstrated that all the second phases possessed higher phase stability compared with magnesium matrix, but the phase stability was quite different for different types of second phases or second phase-4H{sub 2}O systems. Furthermore, a schematic process of inflammation reaction caused by magnesium alloy implants was proposed for the further evaluation on biocompatibility of different second phases.

Yang, Huazhe [Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016 (China); Department of Biophysics, China Medical University, Shenyang 110001 (China); Liu, Chen [Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016 (China); Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094 (China); Wan, Peng; Tan, Lili; Yang, Ke, E-mail: kyang@imr.ac.cn [Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016 (China)

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Phase transformations in Cu-Zr multilayers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A study of phase transformations is reported for Cu-rich, Cu-Zr multilayer foils synthesized using magnetron sputter deposition and annealed using a differential scanning calorimeter. The foils range in composition from 1.6 to 9.0 at% Zr and consist of alternate layers of polycrystalline Cu and Zr. Differential scanning calorimetry, X-ray analysis and electron microscopy were used to three distinct reactions in the foils: a mixing and an amorphization of the Cu and die Zr, a crystallization on of this amorphous phase to the metastable intermetallic Cu{sub 5l}Zr{sub l4}, and a transformation of the Cu{sub 5l}Zr{sub l4} phase into the equilibrium phase Cu{sub 9}Zr{sub 2}. The as-deposited layering remained stable during the first two reactions and then broke down in the third reaction as large grains of Cu{sub 9}Zr{sub 2} encompassed the smaller Cu grains. Heats of the reactions and activation energies of these reactions are measured and are compared to values reported for bulk samples. The measured heats provide evidence that amorphous Cu-Zr alloys phase separate and that mixing and short range ordering produce 3.5 times more heat than long range ordering produces when Ca and Zr react and form Cu{sub 5l}Zr{sub l4}.

Weihs, T.P.; Barbee, T.W. Jr.; Wall, M.A.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Cummins Power Generation SECA Phase 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The following report documents the progress of the Cummins Power Generation (CPG) SECA Phase 1 SOFC development and final testing under the U.S. Department of Energy Solid State Energy Conversion Alliance (SECA) contract DE-FC26-01NT41244. This report overviews and summarizes CPG and partner research development leading to successful demonstration of the SECA Phase 1 objectives and significant progress towards SOFC commercialization. Significant Phase 1 Milestones: (1) Demonstrated: (a) Operation meeting Phase 1 requirements on commercial natural gas. (b) LPG and Natural Gas CPOX fuel reformers. (c) SOFC systems on dry CPOX reformate. (c) Steam reformed Natural Gas operation. (d) Successful start-up and shut-down of SOFC system without inert gas purge. (e) Utility of stack simulators as a tool for developing balance of plant systems. (2) Developed: (a) Low cost balance of plant concepts and compatible systems designs. (b) Identified low cost, high volume components for balance of plant systems. (c) Demonstrated high efficiency SOFC output power conditioning. (d) Demonstrated SOFC control strategies and tuning methods. The Phase 1 performance test was carried out at the Cummins Power Generation facility in Minneapolis, Minnesota starting on October 2, 2006. Performance testing was successfully completed on January 4, 2007 including the necessary steady-state, transient, efficiency, and peak power operation tests.

Charles Vesely

2007-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

287

Phase Transformations in Binary Colloidal Monolayers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Phase transformations can be difficult to characterize at the microscopic level due to the inability to directly observe individual atomic motions. Model colloidal systems, by contrast, permit the direct observation of individual particle dynamics and of collective rearrangements, which allows for real-space characterization of phase transitions. Here, we study a quasi-two-dimensional, binary colloidal alloy that exhibits liquid-solid and solid-solid phase transitions, focusing on the kinetics of a diffusionless transformation between two crystal phases. Experiments are conducted on a monolayer of magnetic and nonmagnetic spheres suspended in a thin layer of ferrofluid and exposed to a tunable magnetic field. A theoretical model of hard spheres with point dipoles at their centers is used to guide the choice of experimental parameters and characterize the underlying materials physics. When the applied field is normal to the fluid layer, a checkerboard crystal forms; when the angle between the field and the normal is sufficiently large, a striped crystal assembles. As the field is slowly tilted away from the normal, we find that the transformation pathway between the two phases depends strongly on crystal orientation, field strength, and degree of confinement of the monolayer. In some cases, the pathway occurs by smooth magnetostrictive shear, while in others it involves the sudden formation of martensitic plates.

Ye Yang; Lin Fu; Catherine Marcoux; Joshua E. S. Socolar; Patrick Charbonneau; Benjamin B. Yellen

2015-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

288

KODE Novus Phase I | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

KODE Novus Phase I KODE Novus Phase I Facility KODE Novus Phase I Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner DeWind Developer DeWind Energy Purchaser Xcel Energy Location Guymon OK Coordinates 36.530381°, -101.365947° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":36.530381,"lon":-101.365947,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

289

KODE Novus Phase II | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

KODE Novus Phase II KODE Novus Phase II Facility KODE Novus Phase II Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner DeWind Developer DeWind Energy Purchaser Xcel Energy Location Guymon OK Coordinates 36.53170885°, -101.3325691° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":36.53170885,"lon":-101.3325691,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

290

Protein folding, anisotropic collapse and blue phases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study a homopolymer model of a protein chain, where each monomer carries a dipole moment. To mimic the geometry of the peptidic bond, these dipoles are constrained to be locally perpendicular to the chain. The tensorial character of the dipolar interaction leads naturally to a (tensorial) liquid crystal-like order parameter. For non chiral chains, a mean field study of this model shows that a classical $\\theta$ collapse transition occurs first; at lower temperature, nematic order sets in. For chiral chains, an anisotropic (tensorial) collapse transition may occur before the $\\theta$ temperature is reached: the ordered phase can be described as a ``compact phase of secondary structures'', and possesses great similarities with the liquid crystal blue phases.

E. Pitard; T. Garel; H. Orland

1997-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

291

Friction forces on phase transition fronts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In cosmological first-order phase transitions, the microscopic interaction of the phase transition fronts with non-equilibrium plasma particles manifests itself macroscopically as friction forces. In general, it is a nontrivial problem to compute these forces, and only two limits have been studied, namely, that of very slow walls and, more recently, ultra-relativistic walls which run away. In this paper we consider ultra-relativistic velocities and show that stationary solutions still exist when the parameters allow the existence of runaway walls. Hence, we discuss the necessary and sufficient conditions for the fronts to actually run away. We also propose a phenomenological model for the friction, which interpolates between the non-relativistic and ultra-relativistic values. Thus, the friction depends on two friction coefficients which can be calculated for specific models. We then study the velocity of phase transition fronts as a function of the friction parameters, the thermodynamic parameters, and the amount of supercooling.

Mégevand, Ariel, E-mail: megevand@mdp.edu.ar [IFIMAR (CONICET–UNMdP), Departamento de Física, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, UNMdP, Deán Funes 3350, (7600) Mar del Plata (Argentina)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Program predicts two-phase pressure gradients  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The calculator program discussed, ORK, was designed for the HP-41CV hand-held calculator and uses the Orkiszewski correlation for predicting 2-phase pressure gradients in vertical tubulars. Accurate predictions of pressure gradients in flowing and gas lift wells over a wide range of well conditions can be obtained with this method, which was developed based on data from 148 wells. The correlation is one of the best generalized 2-phase pressure gradient prediction methods developed to date for vertical flow. It is unique in that hold-up is derived from observed physical phenomena, and the pressure gradient is related to the geometrical distribution of the liquid and gas phase (flow regime).

Jacks, D.C.; Hill, A.D.

1983-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

293

Wind Turbine Drivetrain Condition Monitoring During GRC Phase 1 and Phase 2 Testing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report will present the wind turbine drivetrain condition monitoring (CM) research conducted under the phase 1 and phase 2 Gearbox Reliability Collaborative (GRC) tests. The rationale and approach for this drivetrain CM research, investigated CM systems, test configuration and results, and a discussion on challenges in wind turbine drivetrain CM and future research and development areas, will be presented.

Sheng, S.; Link, H.; LaCava, W.; van Dam, J.; McNiff, B.; Veers, P.; Keller, J.; Butterfield, S.; Oyague, F.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Microscopic mechanisms of metastable phase formation during ball milling of intermetallic TiAl phases  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Powders of the intermetallic equilibrium phases {alpha}{sub 2}-Ti{sub 3}Al, {gamma}-TiAl and TiAl{sub 3} were ball milled in order to investigate the microscopic origins of the energetic destabilization and the transformation into metastable phases during the milling process. It was found that the intermetallic phases were chemically partially disordered on milling followed by the transformation into solid solution phases after long milling. In detail, for the {gamma} phase, the formation of numerous deformation twins, thin h.c.p. lamellae and lamellae of the 9R phase formed by an antitwin operation was observed by TEM. The disordering of the D0{sub 22}-TiAl{sub 3} phase occurred inhomogeneously in the material via the formation of antiphase boundaries on (001) planes, resulting in a f.c.c. solid solution in the final state. In summary, it can be concluded that the formation of the observed metastable phases results from chemical disordering, whereas the excess enthalpy of grain boundaries plays only a minor role for the energetical destabilization of the intermetallic compounds during milling in this case.

Klassen, T.; Oehring, M.; Bormann, R. [GKSS Research Centre, Geesthacht (Germany)] [GKSS Research Centre, Geesthacht (Germany)

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Phase boundary detection for dilution refrigerators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe a device to conveniently measure the positions of the phase boundaries in a dilution refrigerator. We show how a simple modification of a standard capacitive level gauge (segmentation of one of the electrodes) permits a direct calibration of the capacitance versus phase boundary position. We compare this direct calibration with the indirect procedure that must be adopted for a conventional capacitive level gauge. The device facilitates the correct adjustment of the {sup 3}He/{sup 4}He fraction in the dilution refrigerator.

Haar, E. ter; Martin, R.V. [DFMT, Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, C.P. 66.318, 05315-970 Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Systematic Classification of Phase Contours and Zeros  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A systematic classification of phases contours and zeros is introduced and their effect on asymptotic behavior investigated. A constraint is found on the spacing of closed contours if they are not to contribute to asymptotic behavior. Use is made of a theorem due to Pólya and Szegö about entire functions with real negative zeros. The concept of topological equivalence of phase contour maps is discussed. The theorem due to Pólya and Szegö is applied to the fixed-angle scattering amplitude with the assumption that certain kinds of contours or zeros dominate this leads to a constraint on the order of the entire function by which the amplitude may be approximated.

G. D. Kaiser

1969-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

297

Cavity-QED-based quantum phase gate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are detuned by an amount D from the cavity mode 1, i.e., vbc5n11D . A quantum phase gate with a p phase shift is implemented if the atom in its ground state uc& passes through the cavity such that ~1! the detuning D is equal to g2, and ~2! the interaction...- lowing. The effective Hamiltonian for the interaction, in the di- pole and rotating-wave approximations, is H5H01H1 , ~3! where H05\

Zubairy, M. Suhail; Kim, M.; Scully, Marlan O.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Gravitational Phase Transition of Heavy Neutrino Matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the phase transition of a system of self-gravitating neutrinos in the presence of a large radiation density background in the framework of the Thomas-Fermi model. We show that, by cooling a non-degenerate gas of massive neutrinos below some critical temperature, a condensed phase emerges, consisting of quasi-degenerate supermassive neutrino stars. These compact dark objects could play an important role in structure formation in this universe, as they might in fact provide the seeds for galactic nuclei and quasi-stellar objects.

Neven Bilic; Raoul D. Viollier

1996-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

299

Frustrated phase separation and high temperature superconductivity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A dilute system of neutral holes in an antiferromagnet separates into a hole-rich and a hole-poor phase. The phase separation is frustrated by long-range Coulomb interactions but, provided the dielectric constant is sufficiently large, there remain large-amplitude low-energy fluctuations in the hole density at intermediate length scales. The extensive experimental evidence showing that this behavior giver, a reasonable picture of high temperature superconductors is surveyed. Further, it is shown that the scattering of mobile holes from the local density fluctuations may account for the anomalous normal-state properties of high temperature superconductors and also provide the mechanism of pairing.

Emery, V.J. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Kivelson, S.A. [California Univ., Los Angeles, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Frustrated phase separation and high temperature superconductivity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A dilute system of neutral holes in an antiferromagnet separates into a hole-rich and a hole-poor phase. The phase separation is frustrated by long-range Coulomb interactions but, provided the dielectric constant is sufficiently large, there remain large-amplitude low-energy fluctuations in the hole density at intermediate length scales. The extensive experimental evidence showing that this behavior giver, a reasonable picture of high temperature superconductors is surveyed. Further, it is shown that the scattering of mobile holes from the local density fluctuations may account for the anomalous normal-state properties of high temperature superconductors and also provide the mechanism of pairing.

Emery, V.J. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)); Kivelson, S.A. (California Univ., Los Angeles, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "napl non-aqueous phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Hybrid phase shifted carrier modulation fed five-phase multilevel inverter for multiphase induction motor drive  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper proposes an energy efficient modulation scheme suitable for multilevel inverter fed five-phase induction motor. Five-phase multilevel inverter provides good quality five-phase variable voltage and variable frequency supply to five-phase induction motor, which ensure reduced torque ripple and improved drive efficiency. This modulation inherits the features of fundamental frequency modulation and phase shifted carrier modulation in power conversion and resolves the contradiction between high frequency and accuracy in a digital control scheme. Base modulator and hybrid formulation control algorithms are realised with TMS320F2407 DSP processor and Xilinx XC95108 CPLD controllers. The performance studies with induction motor are evaluated in terms of power loss, weighted total harmonic distortion and torque ripple. Selected simulation and experiment results are reported to verify and validate the effectiveness of the proposed technique.

C. Govindaraju

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

A review on Phase Change Materials Integrated in Building Walls  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A review on Phase Change Materials Integrated in Building Walls Fr´ed´eric Kuznika, , Damien Davida review of the integration of phase change materials in building walls. Many considerations are discussed in this paper including physical considerations about building envelop and phase change material, phase change

303

Electrochemical investigations of various high-temperature superconductor phases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electrochemical investigations of various high-temperature superconductor phases ... Electrochemistry of High-Temperature Superconductors ...

David R. Riley; A. Manthiram; John T. McDevitt

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Loss of spatial phase relationships in extrafoveal vision  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... confused with encoding the position of points within an image, although the two descriptions are interrelated. The importance of phase in signals is obvious from the intelligibility of phase-only ... . Nevertheless, there is still confusion as to the exact role of phase in visual processing, mainly owing to the fact that phase modulation changes both the spectral composition of ...

Ingo Rentschler; Bernhard Treutwein

1985-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

305

Author's personal copy Physica D 239 (2010) 18551866  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, such as those occurring during remediation of contaminated soils using brine solutions and during the geological for containing and/or mobilizing dense non-aqueous phase liquids (DNAPLs) in contaminated subsurface systems through the introduction of brine solutions. The success of such techniques relies on the accurate

McLaughlin, Richard M.

306

Development of Chemical Model to Predict the Interactions between Supercritical CO2and Fluid, and Rocks in EGS Reservoirs  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This project will develop a chemical model, based on existing models and databases, that is capable of simulating chemical reactions between supercritical (SC) CO2 and Enhanced Geothermal System (EGS) reservoir rocks of various compositions in aqueous, non-aqueous and 2-phase environments.

307

Received: 12 November 2007 Revised: 19 May 2008 Accepted: 21 May 2008 Published online in Wiley Interscience: (www.interscience.com) DOI 10.1002/jctb.2002  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. They are heavier than water (specific gravity >1), sinking into ground as dense non-aqueous-phase liquid (DNAPL in Wiley Interscience: (www.interscience.com) DOI 10.1002/jctb.2002 Cleaner water using bimetallic remediation. Palladium- on-gold bimetallic nanoparticles, in contrast, were recently discovered to exhibit

Alvarez, Pedro J.

308

BrightPhase Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

BrightPhase Energy BrightPhase Energy Jump to: navigation, search Logo: BrightPhase Energy Name BrightPhase Energy Address 8035 East 40th Avenue Place Denver, Colorado Zip 80207 Sector Solar Product Combination PV and day-lighting modules for commerical buildings Year founded 2000 Website http://www.brightphaseenergy.c Coordinates 39.7728396°, -104.8953944° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.7728396,"lon":-104.8953944,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

309

Critical point analysis of phase envelope diagram  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Phase diagram or phase envelope is a relation between temperature and pressure that shows the condition of equilibria between the different phases of chemical compounds, mixture of compounds, and solutions. Phase diagram is an important issue in chemical thermodynamics and hydrocarbon reservoir. It is very useful for process simulation, hydrocarbon reactor design, and petroleum engineering studies. It is constructed from the bubble line, dew line, and critical point. Bubble line and dew line are composed of bubble points and dew points, respectively. Bubble point is the first point at which the gas is formed when a liquid is heated. Meanwhile, dew point is the first point where the liquid is formed when the gas is cooled. Critical point is the point where all of the properties of gases and liquids are equal, such as temperature, pressure, amount of substance, and others. Critical point is very useful in fuel processing and dissolution of certain chemicals. Here in this paper, we will show the critical point analytically. Then, it will be compared with numerical calculations of Peng-Robinson equation by using Newton-Raphson method. As case studies, several hydrocarbon mixtures are simulated using by Matlab.

Soetikno, Darmadi; Siagian, Ucok W. R. [Department of Petroleum Engineering, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jl. Ganesha 10, Bandung 40132 (Indonesia); Kusdiantara, Rudy, E-mail: rkusdiantara@s.itb.ac.id; Puspita, Dila, E-mail: rkusdiantara@s.itb.ac.id; Sidarto, Kuntjoro A., E-mail: rkusdiantara@s.itb.ac.id; Soewono, Edy; Gunawan, Agus Y. [Department of Mathematics, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jl. Ganesha 10, Bandung 40132 (Indonesia)

2014-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

310

Superconducting high-pressure phases of disilane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Superconducting high-pressure phases of disilane 10.1073/pnas.1005242107 Xilian...DC 20015 High-pressure structures of disilane (Si2H6) are investigated extensively...linear-response calculations for Pm-3m disilane at 275 GPa show a large electron-phonon...

Xilian Jin; Xing Meng; Zhi He; Yanming Ma; Bingbing Liu; Tian Cui; Guangtian Zou; Ho-kwang Mao

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Phase singularities in isotropic random waves  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...dislocation statistics we will calculate are gauge invariant in the sense of being unaltered by any smooth (r and t dependent) rede nition of phase , or, equivalently, any smooth rotation in , space. For the average of any quantity F over the ensemble of...

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Phase Transition in a Model Gravitating System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present recent developments in the study of an interacting gravitational system of concentric, spherical, mass shells. The existence of two distinct phases is demonstrated. The nature of the transition in the microcanonical, canonical, and grand canonical ensembles is studied both theoretically in terms of mean field theory and via dynamical simulation. Striking differences are found in each environment, especially the last.

Bruce N. Miller and Paige Youngkins

1998-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

313

Phase change thermal energy storage material  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A thermal energy storge composition is disclosed. The composition comprises a non-chloride hydrate having a phase change transition temperature in the range of 70.degree.-95.degree. F. and a latent heat of transformation of at least about 35 calories/gram.

Benson, David K. (Golden, CO); Burrows, Richard W. (Conifer, CO)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

The Phase of the Scattering Matrix  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vacuum polarization in external fields is treated by way of calculating - exactly and then perturbatively - the phase of the quantum scattering matrix in the Shale-Stinespring approach to field theory. The link between the Shale-Stinespring method and the Epstein-Glaser renormalization procedure is highlighted.

Gracía-Bondía, José M

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

ALL ABOUT PHASE Robert C. Maher  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in handling phase-related engineering questions. Index Terms-- Engineering education, Delay effects, Signal, the material could easily be adjusted to suit the needs of a basic course in linear systems or an introductory(deg) Bode Diagram Frequency (rad/sec)Normalized Frequency (rad/sec) Figure 2: Bode diagram for RC circuit

Maher, Robert C.

316

Yakima Basin Fish Passage Project, Phase 2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Implementation of the Yakima Basin Fish Passage Project -- Phase 2 would significantly improve the production of anadromous fish in the Yakima River system. The project would provide offsite mitigation and help to compensate for lower Columbia River hydroelectric fishery losses. The Phase 2 screens would allow greater numbers of juvenile anadromous fish to survive. As a consequence, there would be higher returns of adult salmon and steelhead to the Yakima River. The proposed action would play an integral part in the overall Yakima River anadromous fish enhancement program (fish passage improvement, habitat enhancement, hatchery production increases, and harvest management). These would be environmental benefits associated with implementation of the Fish Passage and Protective Facilities Phase 2 Project. Based on the evaluation presented in this assessment, there would be no significant adverse environmental impacts if the proposed action was carried forward. No significant adverse environmental effects have been identified from construction and operation of the Yakima Phase 2 fish passage project. Proper design and implementation of the project will ensure no adverse effects will occur. Based on the information in this environmental analysis, BPA's and Reclamation's proposal to construct these facilities does not constitute a major Federal action that could significantly affect the quality of the human environment. 8 refs., 4 figs., 6 tabs.

Not Available

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Passive Supporters of Terrorism and Phase Transitions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss some social contagion processes to describe the formation and spread of radical opinions. The dynamics of opinion spread involves local threshold processes as well as mean field effects. We calculate and observe phase transitions in the dynamical variables resulting in a rapidly increasing number of passive supporters. This strongly indicates that military solutions are inappropriate.

August, Friedrich; Delitzscher, Sascha; Hiller, Gerald; Krueger, Tyll

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Direct phasing from Patterson syntheses by recycling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new direct-space variant of the direct methods origin-free Patterson (or modulus) sum function is introduced. In the presence of atomicity, its application reduces, for each phase refinement cycle, to a synthesis with E2 - (or E - ) as Fourier coefficients followed by structure-factor calculation from the strongest peaks in the resulting map.

Rius, J.

2011-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

319

Comment on ``Phase Coexistence in Multifragmentation''  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This comment on Moretto et al.PRL 76:372,1996 argues that the IMF-charge distribution may not be useful as signal for phase-transitions in nuclear multifragmentation. Fluctuations of different origin may corrupt this signal. Energy conservation is as important as charge conservation. The caloric equation of state is more safe.

D. H. E. Gross; A. S. Botvina

1996-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

320

Stationary Phases for Thin-Layer Chromatography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......November/December 2002 3 silica-gel plates...hydroxyl groups, oxide (O2) ions, and...phases with strengths (epsilon) in the range of...impregnated with 0.3 g L-aspartic acid...having chloride, iron, and lead as impurities...Acetonitrilemethanol (16:3, v/v) was used......

Simion Gocan

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "napl non-aqueous phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

BRAND STANDARDS: PHASE I brand tools  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, cohesive image. #12;www.mun.ca why brand standards? Strong brands: · Attract talented people: studentswww.mun.ca BRAND STANDARDS: PHASE I new and improved brand tools #12;www.mun.ca What is a brand? #12;www.mun.ca What is a brand? American Marke,ng Associa,on Glossary "A brand

Oyet, Alwell

322

Thermodynamics of a nonionic sponge phase  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Different suggestions for the mechanism governing the narrow stability of the L3 (sponge) phase have led to a series of debates in recent years. There have been several models developed to describe such a mechanism via thermodynamics. To date, experimental data are insufficient to test present theories. In this study, we revisit the sponge phase with two series of thermodynamic data performed on the well-characterized C12E5–n-decane–H2O system. These thermodynamic data sets stem from phase equilibrium and static light scattering experiments designed to link system-specific parameters such as the temperature dependence of the spontaneous curvature Ho and the two bending moduli ? and ?¯, which have only been loosely connected in earlier experiments. The use of a well-characterized system is important in that it allows usage of molecular descriptors from earlier studies to reduce fit parameters. Another advantage for using this system is that its phase behavior is analogous to a two-component system which, from an experimental standpoint, is more practical to perform accurate measurements and, from a theoretical standpoint, more simple to model. In the present investigation, we use these tools to quantitatively test parameters obtained by different experimental techniques and assumptions inherited in theoretical models designed to interpret them.

T. D. Le; U. Olsson; H. Wennerström; P. Schurtenberger

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Thermodynamics of mantle minerals - II. Phase equilibria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......initiate the calculation with a better...multipliers, which does not reduce...Crystallography: A Handbook of Physical...2004. Electronic transitions...Crystallography: A Handbook of Physical...partitioning and calculation of phase-relations...Crystallography: A Handbook of Physical...2006a. Electronic spin transitions...first-principles calculations, Earth planet......

Lars Stixrude; Carolina Lithgow-Bertelloni

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

TWRS Privatization Phase 1 Master Site Plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document provides a reference for the development of the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) Privatization Phase I site (former Grout Disposal Compound) and the upgrades and extension to the site of the 200 East Area inter- and intra-area roads and various utilities.

PARAZIN, R.J.

1999-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

325

Landau theory of phase separation in cuprates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

I discuss the problem of phase separation in cuprates from the point of view of the Landau theory of Fermi liquids. I calculate the rate of growth of unstable regions for the hydrodynamics and collisionless limit and, in presence of long-range Coulomb interactions, the size of these regions. These are analytic results valid for any strength of the Landau parameters.

A. H. Castro Neto

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

PHASE RECOVERY WITH NONDECAYING POTENTIALS Tuncay Aktosun  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ë?odinger equation, Nondecaying potentials, Steplike potentials, Neutron reflectometry Short title: Phase recovery of recent papers on X­ray and neutron reflectometry [4,5], which is thus the main motivation for our work. These are mainly reasonable assumptions for some reflectometry applications, but 2 #12; nevertheless

327

Phase II - Resource Exploration and Confirmation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Phase II - Resource Exploration and Confirmation Phase II - Resource Exploration and Confirmation Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home GEA Development Phase II: Resource Exploration and Confirmation GEA Development Phases The Geothermal Energy Association's (GEA) Geothermal Reporting Terms and Definitions are a guideline for geothermal developers to use when submitting geothermal resource development information to GEA for public dissemination in its annual US Geothermal Power Production and Development Update. GEA's Geothermal Reporting Terms and Definitions serve to increase the consistency, accuracy, and reliability of industry information presented in the development updates. Phase I - Resource Procurement and Identification Phase II - Resource Exploration and Confirmation Phase III - Permitting and Initial Development

328

Method and apparatus for optical phase error correction  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The phase value of a phase-sensitive optical device, which includes an optical transport region, is modified by laser processing. At least a portion of the optical transport region is exposed to a laser beam such that the phase value is changed from a first phase value to a second phase value, where the second phase value is different from the first phase value. The portion of the optical transport region that is exposed to the laser beam can be a surface of the optical transport region or a portion of the volume of the optical transport region. In an embodiment of the invention, the phase value of the optical device is corrected by laser processing. At least a portion of the optical transport region is exposed to a laser beam until the phase value of the optical device is within a specified tolerance of a target phase value.

DeRose, Christopher; Bender, Daniel A.

2014-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

329

Phase Startup Initiative Phases 3 and 4 Test Plan and Test Specification ( OCRWM)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Construction for the Spent Nuclear Fuel (SNF) Project facilities is continuing per the Level III Baseline Schedule, and installation of the Fuel Retrieval System (FRS) and Integrated Water Treatment System (IWTS) in K West Basin is now complete. In order to accelerate the project, a phased start up strategy to initiate testing of the FRS and IWTS early in the overall project schedule was proposed (Williams 1999). Wilkinson (1999) expands the definition of the original proposal into four functional testing phases of the Phased Startup Initiative (PSI). Phases 1 and 2 are based on performing functional tests using dummy fuel. This test plan provides overall guidance for Phase 3 and 4 tests, which are performed using actual irradiated N fuel assemblies. The overall objective of the Phase 3 and 4 testing is to verify how the FRS and IWTS respond while processing actual fuel. Conducting these tests early in the project schedule will allow identification and resolution of equipment and process problems before they become activities on the start-up critical path. The specific objectives of this test plan are to: Define the Phase 3 and 4 test scope for the FRS and IWTS; Provide detailed test requirements that can be used to write the specific test procedures; Define data required and measurements to be taken. Where existing methods to obtain these do not exist, enough detail will be provided to define required additional equipment; and Define specific test objectives and acceptance criteria.

PAJUNEN, A.L.; LANGEVIN, M.J.

2000-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

330

Dilute Oxygen Combustion - Phase 3 Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dilute Oxygen Combustion (DOC) burners have been successfully installed and operated in the reheat furnace at Auburn Steel Co., Inc., Auburn, NY, under Phase 3 of the Dilute Oxygen Combustion project. Two new preheat zones were created employing a total of eight 6.5 MMBtu/hr capacity burners. The preheat zones provide a 30 percent increase in maximum furnace production rate, from 75 tph to 100 tph. The fuel rate is essentially unchanged, with the fuel savings expected from oxy-fuel combustion being offset by higher flue gas temperatures. When allowance is made for the high nitrogen level and high gas phase temperature in the furnace, measured NOx emissions are in line with laboratory data on DOC burners developed in Phase 1 of the project. Burner performance has been good, and there have been no operating or maintenance problems. The DOC system continues to be used as part of Auburn Steel's standard reheat furnace practice. High gas phase temperature is a result of the high firing density needed to achieve high production rates, and little opportunity exists for improvement in that area. However, fuel and NOx performance can be improved by further conversion on furnace zones to DOC burners, which will lower furnace nitrogen levels. Major obstacles are cost and concern about increased formation of oxide scale on the steel. Oxide scale formation may be enhanced by exposure of the steel to higher concentrations of oxidizing gas components (primarily products of combustion) in the higher temperature zones of the furnace. Phase 4 of the DOC project will examine the rate of oxide scale formation in these higher temperature zones and develop countermeasures that will allow DOC burners to be used successfully in these furnace zones.

Riley, Michael F.

2000-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

331

Dilute Oxygen Combustion Phase 3 Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dilute Oxygen Combustion (DOC) burners have been successfully installed and operated in the reheat furnace at Auburn Steel Co., Inc., Auburn, NY, under Phase 3 of the Dilute Oxygen Combustion project. Two new preheat zones were created employing a total of eight 6.5 MMBtu/hr capacity burners. The preheat zones provide a 30 percent increase in maximum furnace production rate, from 75 tph to 100 tph. The fuel rate is essentially unchanged, with the fuel savings expected from oxy-fuel combustion being offset by higher flue gas temperatures. When allowance is made for the high nitrogen level and high gas phase temperature in the furnace, measured NOx emissions are in line with laboratory data on DOC burners developed in Phase 1 of the project. Burner performance has been good and there have been no operating or maintenance problems. The DOC system continues to be used as part of Auburn Steel?s standard reheat furnace practice. High gas phase temperature is a result of the high firing density needed to achieve high production rates, and little opportunity exists for improvement in that area. However, fuel and NOx performance can be improved by further conversion of furnace zones to DOC burners, which will lower furnace nitrogen levels. Major obstacles are cost and concern about increased formation of oxide scale on the steel. Oxide scale formation may be enhanced by exposure of the steel to higher concentrations of oxidizing gas components (primarily products of combustion) in the higher temperature zones of the furnace. Phase 4 of the DOC project will examine the rate of oxide scale formation in these higher temperature zones and develop countermeasures that will allow DOC burners to be used successfully in these furnace zones.

Riley, M.F.; Ryan, H.M.

2000-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

332

Phase 2 microwave concrete decontamination results  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors report on the results of the second phase of a four-phase program at Oak Ridge National Laboratory to develop a system to decontaminate concrete using microwave energy. The microwave energy is directed at the concrete surface through the use of an optimized wave guide antenna, or applicator, and this energy rapidly heats the free water present in the interstitial spaces of the concrete matrix. The resulting steam pressure causes the surface to burst in much the same way popcorn pops in a home microwave oven. Each steam explosion removes several square centimeters of concrete surface that are collected by a highly integrated wave guide and vacuum system. The authors call this process the microwave concrete decontamination, or MCD, process. In the first phase of the program the principle of microwaves concrete removal concrete surfaces was demonstrated. In these experiments, concrete slabs were placed on a translator and moved beneath a stationary microwave system. The second phase demonstrated the ability to mobilize the technology to remove the surfaces from concrete floors. Area and volume concrete removal rates of 10.4 cm{sup 2}/s and 4.9 cm{sup 3}/S, respectively, at 18 GHz were demonstrated. These rates are more than double those obtained in Phase 1 of the program. Deeper contamination can be removed by using a longer residence time under the applicator to create multiple explosions in the same area or by taking multiple passes over previously removed areas. Both techniques have been successfully demonstrated. Small test sections of painted and oil-soaked concrete have also been removed in a single pass. Concrete with embedded metal anchors on the surface has also been removed, although with some increased variability of removal depth. Microwave leakage should not pose any operational hazard to personnel, since the observed leakage was much less than the regulatory standard.

White, T.L.; Foster, D. Jr.; Wilson, C.T.; Schaich, C.R.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Phase formation and phase transformations in Bi-Te films with nanoscale thickness  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The processes of phase formation are studied in a binary Bi-Te system using the kinematic electron diffraction technique. It is established that, in the case of both simultaneous and layer-by-layer deposition of bismuth and tellurium and irrespective of the order of their deposition, phases with compositions Bi{sub 2}Te{sub 3} and BiTe are formed at the condensation plane in the amorphous and crystalline state, respectively. The amorphous Bi{sub 2}Te{sub 3} phase is stable at room temperature and crystallizes at a temperature of 423 K. It is shown that ordering of the phase BiTe is not a consequence of atomic order of the structure; rather, it is caused by the real structure of the object (by blocks)

Akhmedov, K. M. [National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Institute of Physics (Azerbaijan)], E-mail: axmedovqurban@rambler.ru

2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

334

Determining the phase-energy coupling coefficient in carrier-envelope phase measurements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

For f-to-2f interferometers based on white-light generation in sapphire plates, the accuracy of the carrier-envelope (CE) phase measurement and stabilization is affected by the laser...

Li, Chengquan; Moon, Eric; Wang, He; Mashiko, Hiroki; Nakamura, Christopher M; Tackett, Jason; Chang, Zenghu

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Phase change based cooling for high burst mode heat loads with temperature regulation above the phase change temperature  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus and method for transferring thermal energy from a heat load is disclosed. In particular, use of a phase change material and specific flow designs enables cooling with temperature regulation well above the fusion temperature of the phase change material for medium and high heat loads from devices operated intermittently (in burst mode). Exemplary heat loads include burst mode lasers and laser diodes, flight avionics, and high power space instruments. Thermal energy is transferred from the heat load to liquid phase change material from a phase change material reservoir. The liquid phase change material is split into two flows. Thermal energy is transferred from the first flow via a phase change material heat sink. The second flow bypasses the phase change material heat sink and joins with liquid phase change material exiting from the phase change material heat sink. The combined liquid phase change material is returned to the liquid phase change material reservoir. The ratio of bypass flow to flow into the phase change material heat sink can be varied to adjust the temperature of the liquid phase change material returned to the liquid phase change material reservoir. Varying the flowrate and temperature of the liquid phase change material presented to the heat load determines the magnitude of thermal energy transferred from the heat load.

The United States of America as represented by the United States Department of Energy (Washington, DC)

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

336

Inflow performance relationship curves in two-phase and three-phase flow conditions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This research investigates inflow performance relationship IPR curves for two and three-phase flow conditions, using a one-dimensional, three-phase cylindrical reservoir simulator. Using the simulator, a new method for predicting future IPR curves was developed. IPR curves for two-phase flow conditions from a well producing from low permeability formations are also presented. The purpose of this investigation is to predict the IPR curves at pseudo-steady state conditions using flowing test data obtained during the transient period. The new equations have also been applied to data from the simulator with good agreement. Three-phase IPR curves are also determined by using the simulator, and seven different hypothetical three-phase reservoir cases were studied. Three-hundred and eighty five data points were collected using 5 different values of water cut. Regression analysis techniques were applied to the data points and the new equations for predicting the three-phase IPR curves were developed. Comparison of the new equations to results from the simulator show excellent agreement.

Sukarno, P.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Loraine Phase 1 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1 1 Jump to: navigation, search Name Loraine Phase 1 Facility Loraine Phase 1 Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Third Planet Wind Power Developer Third Planet Wind Power Location Colorado City TX Coordinates 32.4188777°, -100.6750631° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.4188777,"lon":-100.6750631,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

338

Hoover Dam Bypass Project Phase II  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

DOE/EA-1478 DOE/EA-1478 ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT Western' s Hoover Dam Bypass Project Phase II (Double-Circuiting a Portion of the Hoover-Mead #5 and #7 230-kV Transmission Lines with the Henderson-Mead #1 230-kV Transmission Line, Clark County, Nevada) Prepared for: U.S. Department of Energy Western Area Power Administration 615 S. 43 rd Avenue Phoenix, Arizona 85009 Prepared by: Transcon Environmental 3740 East Southern Avenue, Suite 218 Mesa, Arizona 85206 (480) 807-0095 October 2003 Western Area Power Administration Hoover Dam Bypass Project Phase II page i Environmental Assessment TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.0 INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................................1 1.1 Background..................................................................................................................................1

339

GEA Development Phases | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » GEA Development Phases Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home GEA Development Phases The information for this page was taken directly from Geothermal Reporting Terms and Definitions: A Guide to Reporting Resource Development Progress and Results to the Geothermal Energy Association (GEA, November 2010) Gea.jpg The Geothermal Energy Association's (GEA) Geothermal Reporting Terms and Definitions are a guideline for geothermal developers to use when submitting geothermal resource development information to GEA for public dissemination in its annual US Geothermal Power Production and Development

340

Property:Implementation Phase | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Implementation Phase Implementation Phase Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. The allowed values for this property are: Bring the Right People Together Create a Vision Determine Baseline Evaluate Options Develop Goals Prepare a Plan Get Feedback Develop Finance and Implement Projects Create Early Successes Evaluate Effectiveness and Revise as Needed Subproperties This property has the following 30 subproperties: A AGI-32 C Climate Leadership in Parks (CLIP) Community Energy Planning A Guide for Communities Volume 2 - The Community Energy Plan Community Energy Planning A Resource Guide for Remote Communities in Canada Community Energy Planning Tool Community Greening: How to Develop a Strategic Plan D Development of Agency Reduction Targets Does Cogeneration Make Sense for Me?

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "napl non-aqueous phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Silicotitanate molecular sieve and condensed phases  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A new microporous crystalline molecular sieve material having the formula Cs.sub.3 TiSi.sub.3 O.sub.95.cndot.3H.sub.2 O and its hydrothermally condensed phase, Cs.sub.2 TiSi.sub.6 O.sub.15, are disclosed. The microporous material can adsorb divalent ions of radionuclides or other industrial metals such as chromium, nickel, lead, copper, cobalt, zinc, cadmium, barium, and mercury, from aqueous or hydrocarbon solutions. The adsorbed metal ions can be leached out for recovery purposes or the microporous material can be hydrothermally condensed to a radiation resistant, structurally and chemically stable phase which can serve as a storage waste form for radionuclides.

Nenoff, Tina M. (Albuquerque, NM); Nyman, May D. (Albuquerque, NM)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Probing the QCD phase diagram with fluctuations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The relevance of higher order cumulants of conserved charges for the analysis of freeze-out and critical conditions in heavy ion collisions at LHC and RHIC is discussed. Using properties of $O(4)$ scaling functions, the generic structure of these higher cumulants at vanishing baryon chemical potential is discussed. Chiral model calculations are then used to study their properties at non-zero baryon chemical potential. It is argued that the rapid variation of sixth and higher order cumulants at the phase boundary may be used to explore the QCD phase diagram in experiment. Moreover, results for the Polyakov loop susceptibilities in SU(3) lattice gauge theory as well as in (2+1) flavor lattice QCD are discussed. An analysis of the ratios of susceptibilities indicates that the deconfinement transition is reflected in characteristic modifications of these ratios.

Friman, Bengt

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Two-phase flow in horizontal wells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Flow in horizontal wells and two-phase flow interaction with the reservoir were investigated experimentally and theoretically. Two-phase flow behavior has been recognized as one of the most important problems in production engineering. The authors designed and constructed a new test facility suitable for acquiring data on the relationship between pressure drop and liquid holdup along the well and fluid influx from the reservoir. For the theoretical work, an initial model was proposed to describe the flow behavior in a horizontal well configuration. The model uses the inflow-performance-relationship (IPR) approach and empirical correlations or mechanistic models for wellbore hydraulics. Although good agreement was found between the model and experimental data, a new IPR apart from the extension of Darcy`s law must be investigated extensively to aid in the proper design of horizontal wells.

Ihara, Masaru [Japan National Oil Corp., Chiba (Japan); Yanai, Koji [Nippon Kokan Corp., Yokohama (Japan); Yanai, Koji

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Tunable hyperbolic metamaterials utilizing phase change heterostructures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a metal-free tunable anisotropic metamaterial where the iso-frequency surface is tuned from elliptical to hyperbolic dispersion by exploiting the metal-insulator phase transition in the correlated material vanadium dioxide (VO{sub 2}). Using VO{sub 2}-TiO{sub 2} heterostructures, we demonstrate the transition in the effective dielectric constant parallel to the layers to undergo a sign change from positive to negative as the VO{sub 2} undergoes the phase transition. The possibility to tune the iso-frequency surface in real time using external perturbations such as temperature, voltage, or optical pulses creates new avenues for controlling light-matter interaction.

Krishnamoorthy, Harish N. S.; Menon, Vinod M., E-mail: vmenon@qc.cuny.edu [Department of Physics, Queens College of the City University of New York and Center for Photonic and Multiscale Nanomaterials, Queens, New York 11367 (United States); Department of Physics, Graduate Center of the City University of New York, New York, New York 10016 (United States); Zhou, You; Ramanathan, Shriram [School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States); Narimanov, Evgenii [Birck Nanotechnology Center, School of Computer and Electrical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States)

2014-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

345

Topological phase transitions in superradiance lattices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The discovery of the quantum Hall effect (QHE) reveals a new class of matter phases, topological insulators (TI's), which have been extensively studied in solid-state materials and recently in photonic structures, time-periodic systems and optical lattices of cold atoms. All these topological systems are lattices in real space. Our recent study shows that Scully's timed Dicke states (TDS) can form a superradiance lattice (SL) in momentum space. Here we report the discovery of topological phase transitions in a two-dimensional SL in electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT). By periodically modulating the three EIT coupling fields, we can create a Haldane model with in-situ tunable topological properties. The Chern numbers of the energy bands and hence the topological properties of the SL manifest themselves in the contrast between diffraction signals emitted by superradiant TDS. The topological superradiance lattices (TSL) provide a controllable platform for simulating exotic phenomena in condensed matte...

Wang, Da-Wei; Yuan, Luqi; Liu, Ren-Bao; Zhu, Shi-Yao

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Phase diagram of half-doped manganites  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The phase diagram of half-doped manganites which may consist of experimentally observed ferromagnetic (FM), A-,C-, and charge-exchange (CE)-type antiferromagnetic (AF) states is obtained in terms of a model which is based on double exchange via degenerate eg orbitals, the on-site Coulomb interaction (U), and the nearest-neighbor Coulomb interaction (V). We find that, because of the strong spatial anisotropy of the electron hoppings, the on-site Coulomb interaction has different effects on these magnetic order states. As a result, large values of U suppress the FM state and favor the A- and C-type AF states. Moreover, we show that it is the interplay between the on-site and nearest-neighbor Coulomb repulsions that stabilizes the CE phase and results in the charge ordering in the state.

Zhenghuang Shu; Jinming Dong; D. Y. Xing

2001-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

347

Phase sensor for solar adaptive-optics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wavefront sensing in solar adaptive-optics is currently done with correlating Shack-Hartmann sensors, although the spatial- and temporal-resolutions of the phase measurements are then limited by the extremely fast computing required to correlate the sensor signals at the frequencies of daytime atmospheric-fluctuations. To avoid this limitation, a new wavefront-sensing technique is presented, that makes use of the solar brightness and is applicable to extended sources. The wavefront is sent through a modified Mach-Zehnder interferometer. A small, central part of the wavefront is used as reference and is made to interfere with the rest of the wavefront. The contrast of two simultaneously measured interference-patterns provides a direct estimate of the wavefront phase, no additional computation being required. The proposed optical layout shows precise initial alignment to be the critical point in implementing the new wavefront-sensing scheme.

Kellerer, Aglae

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Adaptive Competition, Market Efficiency, and Phase Transitions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In many social and biological systems agents simultaneously and adaptively compete for limited resources, thereby altering their environment. We analyze a simple model that incorporates fundamental features of such systems. If the space of strategies available to the agents is small, the system is in a phase in which all information available to the agents' strategies is traded away, and agents' choices are maladaptive, resulting in a poor collective utilization of resources. For larger strategy spaces, the system is in a phase in which the agents are able to coordinate their actions to achieve a better utilization of resources. The best utilization of resources occurs at a critical point, when the dimension of the strategy space is on the order of the number of agents.

Robert Savit; Radu Manuca; Rick Riolo

1999-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

349

Retrieval of phase information in neutron reflectometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Neutron reflectometry can determine unambiguously the chemical depth profile of a thin film if both phase and amplitude of the reflectance are known. The recovery of the phase information is achieved by adding to the unknown layered structure a known ferromagnetic layer. The ferromagnetic layer is magnetized by an external magnetic field in a direction lying in the plane of the layer and subsequently perpendicular to it. The neutrons are polarized either parallel or opposite to the magnetic field. In this way three measurements can be made, with different (and known) scattering-length densities of the ferromagnetic layer. The reflectivity obtained from each measurement can be represented by a circle in the (complex) reflectance plane. The intersections of these circles provide the reflectance.

de Haan, V.; van Well, A.A. [Interfacultair Reactor Instituut, Delft University of Technology, Mekelweg 15, 2629 JB Delft (Netherlands)] [Interfacultair Reactor Instituut, Delft University of Technology, Mekelweg 15, 2629 JB Delft (Netherlands); Adenwalla, S.; Felcher, G.P. [Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)] [Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)

1995-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

350

Loraine Phase 2 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2 2 Jump to: navigation, search Name Loraine Phase 2 Facility Loraine Phase 2 Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Third Planet Wind Power Developer Third Planet Wind Power Energy Purchaser Merchant Location Colorado City TX Coordinates 32.45223664°, -100.6298304° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.45223664,"lon":-100.6298304,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

351

Hopper (Phase 1) Prepares NERSC for Petascale Computing  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hopper (Phase 1) Hopper (Phase 1) Prepares NERSC for Petascale Computing Hopper (Phase 1) Prepares NERSC for Petascale Computing February 26, 2010 After several months of rigorous scientific testing, the Department of Energy's (DOE) National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) has accepted a 5,312-core Cray XT5 machine, called Hopper (Phase 1). Innovatively built with external login nodes and an external filesystem, Hopper Phase 1 will help NERSC staff optimize the external node architecture before the second phase of the Hopper system arrives. Phase 2 will be a petascale system comprised of 150,000 processor cores and built on next generation Cray technology. "Working out the kinks in Phase 1 will ensure a more risk-free deployment when Phase 2 arrives," says Jonathan Carter, who heads NERSC's User

352

Midwest Geological Sequestration Consortium--Validation Phase  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Geological Sequestration Geological Sequestration Consortium-Validation Phase Background The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has selected seven partnerships, through its Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (RCSP) initiative, to determine the best approaches for capturing and permanently storing carbon dioxide (CO 2 ), a greenhouse gas (GHG) which can contribute to global climate change. The RCSPs are made up of state and local agencies, coal companies, oil and gas companies, electric utilities,

353

Spinodal phase decomposition with dissipative fluid dynamics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The spinodal amplification of density fluctuations is treated perturbatively within dissipative fluid dynamics including not only shear and bulk viscosity but also heat conduction, as well as a gradient term in the local pressure. The degree of spinodal amplification is calculated along specific dynamical phase trajectories and the results suggest that the effect can be greatly enhanced by tuning the collision energy so that maximum compression occurs inside the region of spinodal instability.

Randrup, J., E-mail: JRandrup@LBL.gov [Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Nuclear Science Division (United States)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

354

Associative memory in phasing neuron networks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We studied pattern formation in a network of coupled Hindmarsh-Rose model neurons and introduced a new model for associative memory retrieval using networks of Kuramoto oscillators. Hindmarsh-Rose Neural Networks can exhibit a rich set of collective dynamics that can be controlled by their connectivity. Specifically, we showed an instance of Hebb's rule where spiking was correlated with network topology. Based on this, we presented a simple model of associative memory in coupled phase oscillators.

Nair, Niketh S [ORNL; Bochove, Erik J. [United States Air Force Research Laboratory, Kirtland Air Force Base; Braiman, Yehuda [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

FLUID BIAXIAL BANANA PHASES: SYMMETRY AT WORK  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FLUID BIAXIAL BANANA PHASES: SYMMETRY AT WORK P. E. Cladis,1 Helmut R. Brand2 and Harald Pleiner3 1. The macro- #12;P. E. Cladis, H. R. Brand and H. Pleiner Page 2 of 10 10/13/99 8:12 AM scopic expression a right-handed helix, then, -qo describes a left-handed one. As the mirror image of a right-hand is a left

Cladis, Patricia E.

356

Manifest CP violation from Majorana phases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We hunt for and discuss manifestly CP-violating effects which are mediated by Majorana phases. These phases are present if the standard model neutrinos are Majorana particles. We argue that while Majorana phases do affect the strength of neutrinoless double beta decay (a well known fact), they do so in a way that involves no manifest violation of CP. The conditions for manifestly CP-violating phenomena—differences between the rates for CP-mirror-image processes—are presented, and three examples are discussed: (i) neutrino ? antineutrino oscillation; (ii) rare decays of K and B mesons and their antiparticles; and (iii) the lepton asymmetry generated by the decay of hypothetical very heavy right-handed “seesaw” neutrinos. We also find that, for the case of degenerate light neutrinos, manifestly CP-violating effects in neutrino ? antineutrino oscillation vanish, although flavor-changing transitions do not. Finally, we comment on leptogenesis with degenerate right-handed neutrinos, and contrast it with the neutrino ? antineutrino oscillation case.

André de Gouvêa; Boris Kayser; Rabindra N. Mohapatra

2003-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

357

"Phase freezeout" in isentropically expanding matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Features of isentropic expansion of warm dense matter (WDM) created by intense energy fluxes (strong shock compression or instant isochoric heating by laser or heavy ions) are under discussion in situation when ($i$) -- thermodynamic trajectory of such expansion crosses binodal of liquid-gas phase transition, and ($ii$) -- expansion within the two-phase region is going along equilibrium branch (not metastable one) of the two-phase mixture isentrope. It is known in the plane case that because of break in the expansion isentrope at binodal point (in $P-V$ plane) i.e. jump of sound velocity in this point, there appears extended zone ("boiling layer") of uniformity in expanding material with constant thermodynamic and kinematic parameters. It corresponds just to the state on this binodal of boiling liquid. The point is that because of self-similarity of such expansion (in plane case) this boiling layer contains finite and fixed part of whole expanding material. This property makes it possible (at least formally) ...

Iosilevskiy, Igor

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

QCD PHASE TRANSITIONS-VOLUME 15.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The title of the workshop, ''The QCD Phase Transitions'', in fact happened to be too narrow for its real contents. It would be more accurate to say that it was devoted to different phases of QCD and QCD-related gauge theories, with strong emphasis on discussion of the underlying non-perturbative mechanisms which manifest themselves as all those phases. Before we go to specifics, let us emphasize one important aspect of the present status of non-perturbative Quantum Field Theory in general. It remains true that its studies do not get attention proportional to the intellectual challenge they deserve, and that the theorists working on it remain very fragmented. The efforts to create Theory of Everything including Quantum Gravity have attracted the lion share of attention and young talent. Nevertheless, in the last few years there was also a tremendous progress and even some shift of attention toward emphasis on the unity of non-perturbative phenomena. For example, we have seen some. efforts to connect the lessons from recent progress in Supersymmetric theories with that in QCD, as derived from phenomenology and lattice. Another example is Maldacena conjecture and related development, which connect three things together, string theory, super-gravity and the (N=4) supersymmetric gauge theory. Although the progress mentioned is remarkable by itself, if we would listen to each other more we may have chance to strengthen the field and reach better understanding of the spectacular non-perturbative physics.

SCHAFER,T.

1998-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

359

Phase separation and coarsening in active matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Active systems, or active matter, are self-driven systems which live, or function, far from equilibrium - a paradigmatic example which we focus on here is provided by a suspension of self-motile particles. Active systems are far from equilibrium because their microscopic constituents constantly consume energy from the environment in order to do work, for instance to propel themselves. The nonequilibrium nature of active matter leads to a variety of non-trivial intriguing phenomena. An important one which has recently been the subject of intense interest among biological and soft matter physicists is that of the so-called "motility-induced phase separation", whereby self-propelled particles accumulate into clusters in the absence of any explicit attractive interactions between them. Here we review the physics of motility-induced phase separation, and discuss this phenomenon within the framework of the classic physics of phase separation and coarsening. We also discuss cases where the coarsening may be arrested, either in theories for bacterial colonies or in experiments. Most of this work will focus on the case of run-and-tumble and active Brownian particles in the absence of solvent-mediated hydrodynamic interactions - we will briefly discuss at the end their role, which is not currently fully understood in this context.

Giuseppe Gonnella; Davide Marenduzzo; Antonio Suma; Adriano Tiribocchi

2015-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

360

Ultracompact Nano-Mechanical Plasmonic Phase Modulators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dielectrics' refractive index limits photonics miniaturization. By coupling light to metal's free electrons, plasmonic devices achieve deeper localization, which scales with the device geometric size. However, when localization approaches the skin depth, energy shifts from the dielectric into the metal, hindering active modulation. Here we propose a nano-electromechanical phase modulation principle exploiting the extraordinarily strong dependence of the phase velocity of metal-insulator-metal(MIM) gap plasmons on dynamically variable gap size. We demonstrate a 23 {\\mu}m long non-resonant modulator having 1.5 {\\pi} rad range with 1.7 dB excess loss at 780 nm. Analysis shows an ultracompact 1 {\\mu}m$^{2}$ footprint {\\pi} rad phase modulator can be realized, more than an order of magnitude smaller than any previously shown. Remarkably, this size reduction is achieved without incurring extra loss, since the nanobeam-plasmon coupling strength increases at a similar rate as the loss. Such small, high density electr...

Dennis, Brian S; Czaplewski, David A; Lopez, Daniel; Blumberg, Girsh; Aksyuk, Vladimir

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "napl non-aqueous phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Properties of crystalline phase in waste glass  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Depending on the operating conditions of the vitrification process of high-level liquid waste, some crystalline phases can be present. The crystalline phase exists as molten salt at glass melting temperature. In this study, the chemical and physical properties of the crystalline phase were determined. Two samples rich in Mo and a sample rich in Re were examined. One of the samples rich in Mo was obtained from simulated waste solution and glass beads in a middle scale melter, while two other samples were made from mixed reagents. The chemical forms of the constituents were determined by XRD and SEM-EDX. When Mo is dominant, the crystal is mainly composed of molybdates of Na, Li, Ba and Ca, Na{sub 2}SO{sub 4} and CsReO{sub 4}. When Re is dominant, (Na{sub x}Cs{sub 1-x})ReO{sub 4} and NaLiMoO{sub 4} are added. The characteristic temperature and the heat of transition were determined by differential scanning calorimetry. The density of the molten salt at high temperature was measured from buoyancy. The density of the molten salt is larger than that of molten glass, and increases with Re content. (authors)

Usami, T.; Uruga, K.; Tsukada, T. [Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, Komae-shi, Tokyo 201-8511 (Japan); Miura, Y.; Komamine, S.; Ochi, E. [Japan Nuclear Fuel Limited, Rokkasho-mura, Aomori 039-3212 (Japan)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

A swollen phase observed between the liquid-crystalline phase and the interdigitated phase induced by pressure and/or adding ethanol in DPPC aqueous solution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A swollen phase, in which the mean repeat distance of lipid bilayers is larger than the other phases, is found between the liquid-crystalline phase and the interdigitated gel phase in DPPC aqueous solution. Temperature, pressure and ethanol concentration dependences of the structure were investigated by small-angle neutron scattering, and a bending rigidity of lipid bilayers was by neutron spin echo. The nature of the swollen phase is similar to the anomalous swelling reported previously. However, the temperature dependence of the mean repeat distance and the bending rigidity of lipid bilayers are different. This phase could be a precursor to the interdigitated gel phase induced by pressure and/or adding ethanol.

H. Seto; M. Hishida; H. Nobutou; N. L. Yamada; M. Nagao; T. Takeda

2006-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

363

Phase II: Performance Evaluation of Permeable Reactive Barriers and  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Phase II: Performance Evaluation of Permeable Reactive Barriers and Phase II: Performance Evaluation of Permeable Reactive Barriers and Potential for Rejuvenation by Chemical Flushing Phase II: Performance Evaluation of Permeable Reactive Barriers and Potential for Rejuvenation by Chemical Flushing Final Report Phase II: Performance Evaluation of Permeable Reactive Barriers and Potential for Rejuvenation by Chemical Flushing U. S. Environmental Protection Agency Region 8 Support January 2004 Phase II: Performance Evaluation of Permeable Reactive Barriers and Potential for Rejuvenation by Chemical Flushing More Documents & Publications Final Report Phase II: Performance Evaluation of Permeable Reactive Barriers and Potential for Rejuvenation by Chemical Flushing Rejuvenating Permeable Reactive Barriers by Chemical Flushing

364

Final Report Phase II: Performance Evaluation of Permeable Reactive  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Final Report Phase II: Performance Evaluation of Permeable Reactive Final Report Phase II: Performance Evaluation of Permeable Reactive Barriers and Potential for Rejuvenation by Chemical Flushing Final Report Phase II: Performance Evaluation of Permeable Reactive Barriers and Potential for Rejuvenation by Chemical Flushing Final Report Phase II: Performance Evaluation of Permeable Reactive Barriers and Potential for Rejuvenation by Chemical Flushing Final Report Phase II: Performance Evaluation of Permeable Reactive Barriers and Potential for Rejuvenation by Chemical Flushing More Documents & Publications Phase II: Performance Evaluation of Permeable Reactive Barriers and Potential for Rejuvenation by Chemical Flushing Rejuvenating Permeable Reactive Barriers by Chemical Flushing Final Report - Rejuvenating Permeable Reactive Barriers by Chemical

365

Phase IV - Resource Production and Power Plant Construction | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Phase IV - Resource Production and Power Plant Construction Phase IV - Resource Production and Power Plant Construction Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home GEA Development Phase IV: Resource Production and Power Plant Construction GEA Development Phases The Geothermal Energy Association's (GEA) Geothermal Reporting Terms and Definitions are a guideline for geothermal developers to use when submitting geothermal resource development information to GEA for public dissemination in its annual US Geothermal Power Production and Development Update. GEA's Geothermal Reporting Terms and Definitions serve to increase the consistency, accuracy, and reliability of industry information presented in the development updates. Phase I - Resource Procurement and Identification Phase II - Resource Exploration and Confirmation

366

Final Report Phase II: Performance Evaluation of Permeable Reactive  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Final Report Phase II: Performance Evaluation of Permeable Reactive Final Report Phase II: Performance Evaluation of Permeable Reactive Barriers and Potential for Rejuvenation by Chemical Flushing Final Report Phase II: Performance Evaluation of Permeable Reactive Barriers and Potential for Rejuvenation by Chemical Flushing Final Report Phase II: Performance Evaluation of Permeable Reactive Barriers and Potential for Rejuvenation by Chemical Flushing Final Report Phase II: Performance Evaluation of Permeable Reactive Barriers and Potential for Rejuvenation by Chemical Flushing More Documents & Publications Phase II: Performance Evaluation of Permeable Reactive Barriers and Potential for Rejuvenation by Chemical Flushing Final Report - Rejuvenating Permeable Reactive Barriers by Chemical Flushing, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Region 8 Support

367

Phase separation and charge-ordered phases of the d=3 Falicov-Kimball model at nonzero temperature: Temperature-density-chemical potential global phase diagram from renormalization-group theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The global phase diagram of the spinless Falicov-Kimball model in d=3 spatial dimensions is obtained by renormalization-group theory. This global phase diagram exhibits five distinct phases. Four of these phases are ...

Sariyer, Ozan S.

368

Laser and Electrical Current Induced Phase Transformation of...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Current Induced Phase Transformation of In2Se3 Semiconductor thin film on Si(111) . Laser and Electrical Current Induced Phase Transformation of In2Se3 Semiconductor thin film...

369

Design of reflective phase compensator filters for telecommunications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Reflective phase compensator (RPC) filters provide a solution to the phase-dispersion problem of narrow bandpass (NBP) filters when the data rate is 40 Gbits/s or greater. By use of an...

Noe, Tony D

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Round-Robin Test of Paraffin Phase-Change Material  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A round-robin test between three institutes was performed on a paraffin phase-change material (PCM) in the context of the German quality association for phase-change materials. The aim of the quality association ...

S. Vidi; H. Mehling; F. Hemberger; Th. Haussmann…

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Spectroscopic Studies of the Phase Transition in Ammonia Borane...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Studies of the Phase Transition in Ammonia Borane: Raman spectroscopy of single crystal NH3BH3 as a function of Spectroscopic Studies of the Phase Transition in Ammonia Borane:...

372

An economical single to three phase converter for induction motors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There are several different types of single to three phase converters for induction motors available today. However, many of the presently available phase converters suffer from disadvantages such as high cost or low performance. An economical...

Di Zerega, Philp Van Uytandaele

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

373

A phase-field study of ternary multiphase microstructures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A diffuse-interface model for microstructures with an arbitrary number of components and phases was developed from basic thermodynamic and kinetic principles and applied to the study of ternary eutectic phase transformations. ...

Cogswell, Daniel A. (Daniel Aaron)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Influence of Geometrical Factors on Phase Contrast Fiber Images  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

X-ray field phase differences caused by an object can induce edge enhancement in a radiological image. Phase contrast effects have been interpreted using a model based on x-ray Fresnel diffraction. The depende...

Margarita Chevalier; Lorena Chanes; Eduardo Guibelalde…

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

The Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 2  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Greg Brinkman will present the results of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS), Phase 2. This study, which follows the first phase of WWSIS, focuses on potential emissions and wear...

376

Phasing Out an Inefficient Venture Capital Tax Credit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In 2005, the Government of Ontario, Canada, announced the phase out of the Labour Sponsored Venture Capital Corporation (LSVCC) tax credit, which will become effective in 2011. ... related to the phasing out of t...

Douglas Cumming; Sofia Johan

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Liquid-Phase Combinatorial Synthesis Technique Could Ease Automation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A liquid-phase combinatorial synthesis technique developed by researchers at Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, Calif., could provide advantages over existing solid-phase technology and ease automation of combinatorial techniques.Combinatorial ...

STU BORMAN

1995-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

378

Kinetic and Performance Studies of the Regeneration Phase of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Studies of the Regeneration Phase of Model PtRhBa NOx Traps for Design and Optimization Kinetic and Performance Studies of the Regeneration Phase of Model PtRhBa NOx...

379

Pilot Demonstration of Phased Retrofits in Florida Homes (Fact...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

200year per house-Phase I 800year per house-Phase II In this project, the Florida Solar Energy Center and Florida Power & Light are combining energy research and utility...

380

Computation of the one-dimensional unwrapped phase  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, the computation of the unwrapped phase of the discrete-time Fourier transform (DTFT) of a one-dimensional finite-length signal is explored. The phase of the DTFT is not unique, and may contain integer ...

Karam, Zahi Nadim

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "napl non-aqueous phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Diffraction phase microscopy: monitoring nanoscale dynamics in materials science [Invited  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Quantitative phase imaging (QPI) utilizes the fact that the phase of an imaging field is much more sensitive than its amplitude. As fields from the source interact with the specimen,...

Edwards, Chris; Zhou, Renjie; Hwang, Suk-Won; McKeown, Steven J; Wang, Kaiyuan; Bhaduri, Basanta; Ganti, Raman; Yunker, Peter J; Yodh, Arjun G; Rogers, John A; Goddard, Lynford L; Popescu, Gabriel

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Phase Behavior and Solid State Chemistry of Olivines | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Phase Behavior and Solid State Chemistry of Olivines Phase Behavior and Solid State Chemistry of Olivines Presentation from the U.S. DOE Office of Vehicle Technologies "Mega" Merit...

383

Intuitive explanation of the phase anomaly of focused light beams  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An intuitive argument is presented for the phase anomaly, that is, the 180° phase shift of a light wave in passing through a focus. The treatment is based on the geometrical...

Boyd, Robert W

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Triangularly phase-modulated optical fiber ring resonator sensor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An optical fiber ring resonatory sensor system has been demonstrated by applying a triangular phase modulation signal to a fiber loop. The dynamic range for detection of optical phase...

Chien, Pie-Yau; Pan, Ci-Ling

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Phase 6.X Process | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Phase 6.X Process | National Nuclear Security Administration Phase 6.X Process | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Phase 6.X Process Home > Our Mission > Managing the Stockpile > Nuclear Weapons Life Cycle > Phase 6.X Process Phase 6.X Process The Phase 6.x Process is based on the original Joint Nuclear Weapons Life Cycle Process, which includes Phases 1 through 7 and covers all phases of a

386

Exotic phases and quantum criticality in gapless correlated electron systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, I theoretically studied exotic phases of matter than arise due to strong interactions between electrons in three different scenarios. Firstly, at a stripe melting phase transition, which may be relevant for ...

Mross, David Fabian

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

NERSC Edison Phase I Hours Used Report  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Edison Phase I Hours Used Edison Phase I Hours Used Edison Phase I Hours Used Edison Usage Chart Edison Usage Chart Date Hours Used (in millions) Percent of Maximum Possible (24 hours/day) 06/23/2013 0.226 88.6 06/22/2013 0.239 93.9 06/21/2013 0.248 97.1 06/20/2013 0.240 94.0 06/19/2013 0.233 91.3 06/18/2013 0.245 96.0 06/17/2013 0.251 98.4 06/16/2013 0.243 95.3 06/15/2013 0.245 95.9 06/14/2013 0.246 96.5 06/13/2013 0.240 94.1 06/12/2013 0.128 50.4 06/11/2013 0.215 84.5 06/10/2013 0.225 88.4 06/09/2013 0.228 89.6 06/08/2013 0.225 88.3 06/07/2013 0.121 47.5 06/06/2013 0.223 87.4 06/05/2013 0.250 98.0 06/04/2013 0.234 91.6 06/03/2013 0.218 85.5 06/02/2013 0.246 96.4 06/01/2013 0.230 90.0 05/31/2013 0.215 84.5 05/30/2013 0.212 83.1 05/29/2013 0.223 87.3 05/28/2013 0.237 93.0 05/27/2013 0.226 88.5 05/26/2013 0.229 89.9

388

Transuranic (TRU) Waste Phase I Retrieval Plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Phase I retrieval of post-1970 TRU wastes from burial ground 218-W-4C can be done in a safe, efficient, and cost-effective manner. Initiating TRU retrieval by retrieving uncovered drums from Trenches 1, 20, and 29, will allow retrieval to begin under the current SWBG safety authorization basis. The retrieval of buried drums from Trenches 1, 4, 20, and 29, which will require excavation, will commence once the uncovered drum are retrieved. This phased approach allows safety analysis for drum venting and drum module excavation to be completed and approved before the excavation proceeds. In addition, the lessons learned and the operational experience gained from the retrieval of uncovered drums can be applied to the more complicated retrieval of the buried drums. Precedents that have been set at SRS and LANL to perform retrieval without a trench cover, in the open air, should be followed. Open-air retrieval will result in significant cost savings over the original plans for Phase I retrieval (Project W-113). Based on LANL and SRS experience, open-air retrieval will have no adverse impacts to the environment or to the health and safety of workers or the public. Assaying the waste in the SWBG using a mobile assay system, will result in additional cost savings. It is expected that up to 50% of the suspect-TRU wastes will assay as LLW, allowing those waste to remain disposed of in the SWBG. Further processing, with its associated costs, will only occur to the portion of the waste that is verified to be TRU. Retrieval should be done, to the extent possible, under the current SWBG safety authorization basis as a normal part of SWBG operations. The use of existing personnel and existing procedures should be optimized. By working retrieval campaigns, typically during the slow months, it is easier to coordinate the availability of necessary operations personnel, and it is easier to coordinate the availability of a mobile assay vendor.

MCDONALD, K.M.

1999-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

389

Speckle from phase-ordering systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The statistical properties of coherent radiation scattered from phase-ordering materials are studied in detail using large-scale computer simulations and analytic arguments. Specifically, we consider a two-dimensional model with a nonconserved, scalar order parameter (model A), quenched through an order-disorder transition into the two-phase regime. For such systems it is well established that the standard scaling hypothesis applies, consequently, the average scattering intensity at wave vector k and time ? is proportional to a scaling function which depends only on a rescaled time, t?|k|2?. We find that the simulated intensities are exponentially distributed, and the time-dependent average is well approximated using a scaling function due to Ohta, Jasnow, and Kawasaki. Considering fluctuations around the average behavior, we find that the covariance of the scattering intensity for a single wave vector at two different times is proportional to a scaling function with natural variables ?t=|t1-t2| and t¯=(t1+t2)/2. In the asymptotic large-t¯ limit this scaling function depends only on z=?t/t¯1/2. For small values of z, the scaling function is quadratic, corresponding to highly persistent behavior of the intensity fluctuations. We empirically establish that the intensity covariance (for k?0) equals the square of the spatial Fourier transform of the two-time, two-point correlation function of the order parameter. This connection allows sensitive testing, either experimental or numerical, of existing theories for two-time correlations in systems undergoing order-disorder phase transitions. Comparison between theoretical scaling functions and our numerical results requires no adjustable parameters.

Gregory Brown; Per Arne Rikvold; Mark Sutton; Martin Grant

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Quark Phase Transition Parameters and $?$-Meson Field in RMF Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The deconfinement phase transition from hadronic matter to quark matter in the interior of compact stars is investigated. The hadronic phase is described in the framework of relativistic mean-field (RMF) theory, when also the scalar- isovector $\\delta$-meson effective field is taken into account. To describe a quark phase the MIT bag model is used. The changes of the mixed phase threshold parameters caused by the presence of $\\delta$-meson field are investigated.

G. B. Alaverdyan

2009-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

391

SBIR and STTR: Topics, FY 2015 Phase I Release 2  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Programs: Topics, FY 2015, Phase I, Release 2.

392

Three-phase fluid flow in porous media  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the regions of two-phase flow, with a third phase stationary, the third phase plays an important role in the resulting relative permeability relationships. Wettability has an extremely significant effect on the permeability and flow behavior of the system. This report presents a review of the literature on three-phase relative permeability, a suggested unsteady-state method for finite-difference calculation procedure.

Donaldson, E.C.; Kayser, M.B.

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Comment on "Dynamics of Weak First Order Phase Transitions"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We comment on an earlier paper of M. Gleiser, regarding mechanisms of first-order phase transitions.

G. Harris; G. Jungman

1995-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

394

Evolution of fields in a second order phase transition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We analyze the evolution of scalar and gauge fields during a second order phase transition using a Langevin equation approach. We show that topological defects formed during the phase transition are stable to thermal fluctuations. Our method allows the field evolution to be followed throughout the phase transition, for both expanding and nonexpanding universes. The results verify the Kibble mechanism for defect formation during phase transitions.

Adrian Martin and Anne-Christine Davis

1995-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

395

Automation of Fluorous Solid-Phase Extraction for Parallel Synthesis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Automation of Fluorous Solid-Phase Extraction for Parallel Synthesis ... • Cartridge conditioning, sample loading, elution, and rinsing are automated. ...

Wei Zhang; Yimin Lu

2006-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

396

Successive Phase Transitions in Antiferroelectric Liquid Crystal Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An axial next-nearest-neighbor XY model is studied as a model of chiral liquid crystals which exhibit many ferro-, ferri- and antiferroelectric tilted smectic phases. Depending on the values of interaction parameters, this model exhibits Ising symmetric (i.e., the tilt directions of directors are parallel or anti parallel) phases or XY symmetric phases. Phases with each type-of-symmetry show the character of devil's staircase, which has been observed in experiments.

Masaya Koroishi; Masashi Torikai; Mamoru Yamashita

2005-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

397

ICCS Area 2, Phase 2 Renewal Applications  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

4, 2010 4, 2010 1. Question: In Phase 2 we anticipate a couple of large capital purchases for demonstration equipment. I am curious if because this is a federally funded program if California State Sales Tax wouldn't apply. Answer: Being a Recipient of a federally funded financial assistance agreement does not make the Recipient tax exempt from state sales taxes. 2. Question: In the Renewal Application clause, Part III, under project narrative content relating to Criteria 4: "Project Organization and Project Management Plan", there is a description for the content of the Project Management Plan. Under Item 4, "Funding and Costing Profile", it states,

398

Toroidal Precession as a Geometric Phase  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Toroidal precession is commonly understood as the orbit-averaged toroidal drift of guiding centers in axisymmetric and quasisymmetric configurations. We give a new, more natural description of precession as a geometric phase effect. In particular, we show that the precession angle arises as the holonomy of a guiding center's poloidal trajectory relative to a principal connection. The fact that this description is physically appropriate is borne out with new, manifestly coordinate-independent expressions for the precession angle that apply to all types of orbits in tokamaks and quasisymmetric stellarators alike. We then describe how these expressions may be fruitfully employed in numerical calculations of precession.

J.W. Burby and H. Qin

2012-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

399

Toroidal precession as a geometric phase  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Toroidal precession is commonly understood as the orbit-averaged toroidal drift of guiding centers in axisymmetric and quasisymmetric configurations. We give a new, more natural description of precession as a geometric phase effect. In particular, we show that the precession angle arises as the holonomy of a guiding center's poloidal trajectory relative to a principal connection. The fact that this description is physically appropriate is borne out with new, manifestly coordinate-independent expressions for the precession angle that apply to all types of orbits in tokamaks and quasisymmetric stellarators alike. We then describe how these expressions may be fruitfully employed in numerical calculations of precession.

Burby, J. W. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States); Qin, H. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States); Department of Modern Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China)

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

400

Gas phase thermochemistry of organogermanium compounds  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A variety of silyl- and alkyl-germylene precursors have been synthesized and subsequently pyrolyzed in the gas phase. Arrhenius parameters were obtained employing a pulsed-stirred flow reactor for these unimolecular decompositions. These precursors are divided into two major categories by mechanism of germylene extrusion: {alpha}-elimination precursors and germylacetylenes. The extrusion of germylenes from germylacetylene precursors is of primary interest. A mechanism is proposed employing a germacyclopropene intermediate. Evidence supporting this mechanism is presented. In the process of exploring germylacetylenes as germylene precursors, an apparent dyatropic rearrangement between germanium and silicon was observed. This rearrangement was subsequently explored.

Engel, J.P.

1993-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "napl non-aqueous phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Dry powder mixes comprising phase change materials  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A free flowing, conformable powder-like mix of silica particles and a phase change material (PCM) is provided. The silica particles have a critical size of about 0.005 to about 0.025 microns and the PCM must be added to the silica in an amount of 75% or less PCM per combined weight of silica and PCM. The powder-like mix can be used in tableware items, medical wraps, tree wraps, garments, quilts and blankets, and particularly in applications for heat protection for heat sensitive items, such as aircraft flight recorders, and for preventing brake fade in automobiles, buses, trucks and aircraft. 3 figs.

Salyer, I.O.

1995-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

402

Dry powder mixes comprising phase change materials  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A free flowing, conformable powder-like mix of silica particles and a phase change material (PCM) is provided. The silica particles have a critical size of about 0.005 to about 0.025 microns and the PCM must be added to the silica in an amount of 75% or less PCM per combined weight of silica and PCM. The powder-like mix can be used in tableware items, medical wraps, tree wraps, garments, quilts and blankets, and particularly in applications for heat protection for heat sensitive items, such as aircraft flight recorders, and for preventing brake fade in automobiles, buses, trucks and aircraft. 3 figures.

Salyer, I.O.

1994-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

403

Phase-change radiative thermal diode  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A thermal diode transports heat mainly in one preferential direction rather than in the opposite direction. This behavior is generally due to the non-linear dependence of certain physical properties with respect to the temperature. Here we introduce a radiative thermal diode which rectifies heat transport thanks to the phase transitions of materials. Rectification coefficients greater than 70% and up to 90% are shown, even for small temperature differences. This result could have important applications in the development of future contactless thermal circuits or in the conception of radiative coatings for thermal management.

Ben-Abdallah, Philippe, E-mail: pba@institutoptique.fr [Laboratoire Charles Fabry, UMR 8501, Institut d'Optique, CNRS, Université Paris-Sud 11, 2, Avenue Augustin Fresnel, 91127 Palaiseau Cedex (France)] [Laboratoire Charles Fabry, UMR 8501, Institut d'Optique, CNRS, Université Paris-Sud 11, 2, Avenue Augustin Fresnel, 91127 Palaiseau Cedex (France); Biehs, Svend-Age, E-mail: s.age.biehs@uni-oldenburg.de [Institut für Physik, Carl von Ossietzky Universität, D-26111 Oldenburg (Germany)] [Institut für Physik, Carl von Ossietzky Universität, D-26111 Oldenburg (Germany)

2013-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

404

Groningen 2nd phase compression project  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

ABSTRACT A Double End Driven Compression train with Active Magnetic Bearings (AMBs), a novel concept on its own, has been chosen as the solution for the Groningen 2nd phase compression project. A development assurance program was followed by a team comprising of both Siemens and Shell specialists with the intent of ensuring that technical risks were identified and addressed as far as possible prior to field implementation. The paper will describe• The concept evaluation and selection • The creation of the development programme to assess technical risks • Technical challenges and learnings • Current status of the development and design maturity

E. Liow; H. Goorhuis

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Synthesis of highly phase pure BSCCO superconductors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An article and method of manufacture of (Bi, Pb)-Sr-Ca-Cu-O superconductor. The superconductor is manufactured by preparing a first powdered mixture of bismuth oxide, lead oxide, strontium carbonate, calcium carbonate and copper oxide. A second powdered mixture is then prepared of strontium carbonate, calcium carbonate and copper oxide. The mixtures are calcined separately with the two mixtures then combined. The resulting combined mixture is then subjected to a powder in tube deformation and thermal processing to produce a substantially phase pure (Bi, Pb)-Sr-Ca-Cu-O superconductor.

Dorris, Stephen E. (La Grange Park, IL); Poeppel, Roger B. (Glen Ellyn, IL); Prorok, Barton C. (Harrisville, PA); Lanagan, Michael T. (Woodridge, IL); Maroni, Victor A. (Naperville, IL)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Synthesis of highly phase pure BSCCO superconductors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An article and method of manufacture (Bi, Pb)-Sr-Ca-Cu-O superconductor are disclosed. The superconductor is manufactured by preparing a first powdered mixture of bismuth oxide, lead oxide, strontium carbonate, calcium carbonate and copper oxide. A second powdered mixture is then prepared of strontium carbonate, calcium carbonate and copper oxide. The mixtures are calcined separately with the two mixtures then combined. The resulting combined mixture is then subjected to a powder in tube deformation and thermal processing to produce a substantially phase pure (Bi, Pb)-Sr-Ca-Cu-O superconductor. 5 figs.

Dorris, S.E.; Poeppel, R.B.; Prorok, B.C.; Lanagan, M.T.; Maroni, V.A.

1995-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

407

The two cutoff phase space slicing method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The phase space slicing method of two cutoffs for next-to-leading-order Monte-Carlo style QCD corrections has been applied to many physics processes. The method is intuitive, simple to implement, and relies on a minimum of process dependent information. Although results for specific applications exist in the literature, there is not a full and detailed description of the method. Herein such a description is provided, along with illustrative examples; details, which have not previously been published, are included so that the method may be applied to additional hard scattering processes.

B. W. Harris; J. F. Owens

2001-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

408

Genesee Phase 3, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Genesee Phase 3 is Canada's first supercritical power plant and, at 450 MW, is significant not only for its low levels of greenhouse gas emissions, made possible by the use of supercritical technology and emissions off-sets. It also marks the North American debut of a boiler, derived from a proven 500-MW-class Hitachi reference plant, that operates at sliding pressure. The key benefits of operating in this mode are high efficiency, operating flexibility, and reliability. This boiler design may well migrate to the US in the very near future. 6 figs.

Peltier, R.

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Resolving phase transitions in finite systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Finite systems in confining potentials are known to undergo structural transitions similar to phase transitions. However, these systems are inhomogeneous, and their "melting" point may depend on the position in the trap and vary with the particle number. Focusing on three-dimensional Coulomb systems in a harmonic trap a rich physics is revealed: in addition to radial melting we demonstrate the existence of intrashell disordering and inter-shell angular melting. Our analysis takes advantage of a novel melting criterion that is based on the two and three-particle distribution functions and the associated reduced entropies which can be directly measured in complex plasma experiments.

Thomsen, H

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Neurton Damage and MAX Phase Ternary Compounds  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Demands of Gen IV nuclear power plants for long service life under neutron radiation at high temperature are severe. Advanced materials that would withstand high temperatures (up to 1000+ C) to high doses in a neutron field would be ideal for reactor internal structures and would add to the long service life and reliability of the reactors. The objective of this work is to investigate the resonse of a new class of machinable, conductive, layered, ternary transition metal carbides and nitrides - the so-called MAX phases - to low and moderate neutron dose levels.

Barsoum, Michael; Hoffman, Elizabeth; Sindelar, Robert; Garcua-Duaz, Brenda; Kohse, Gordon

2014-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

411

Fundemental Academic Training Instructor's Guide Phase 1  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3 of 9 3 of 9 Radiological Control Technician Training Fundamental Academic Training Instructor's Guide Phase I Coordinated and Conducted for the Office of Health, Safety and Security U.S. Department of Energy DOE-HDBK-1122-2009 Radiological Control Technician Instructor's Guide 1.01- ii This page intentionally left blank. DOE-HDBK-1122-2009 Radiological Control Technician Instructor's Guide 1.01- iii Table of Contents Page Module 1.01 Basic Mathematics and Algebra...................................................... 1.01-1 Module 1.02 Unit Analysis and Conversion........................................................ 1.02-1 Module 1.03 Physical Sciences.......................................................................1.03-1

412

Geometric phase for collinear conical intersections. I. Geometric phase angle and vector potentials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a method for properly treating collinear conical intersections in triatomic systems. The general vector potential (gauge theory) approach for including the geometric phase effects associated with collinear conical intersections in hyperspherical coordinates is presented. The current study develops an introductory method in the treatment of collinear conical intersections by using the phase angle method. The geometric phase angle, {eta}, in terms of purely internal coordinates is derived using the example of a spin-aligned quartet lithium triatomic system. A numerical fit and thus an analytical form for the associated vector potentials are explicitly derived for this triatomic A{sub 3} system. The application of this methodology to AB{sub 2} and ABC systems is also discussed.

Li Xuan [Homer L. Dodge Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma 73019 (United States); Department of Chemistry, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z1 (Canada); Brue, Daniel A.; Blandon, Juan D.; Parker, Gregory A. [Homer L. Dodge Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma 73019 (United States); Kendrick, Brian K. [Theoretical Division (T-1, MS B268), Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

2011-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

413

Density-Enthalpy Phase Diagram 0D Boiler Simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Density-Enthalpy Phase Diagram 0D Boiler Simulation Finite Element Method Further Research Finite Transitions #12;Density-Enthalpy Phase Diagram 0D Boiler Simulation Finite Element Method Further Research;Density-Enthalpy Phase Diagram 0D Boiler Simulation Finite Element Method Further Research Goal

Vuik, Kees

414

Nanoscale Thermotropic Phase Transitions Enhance Photothermal Microscopy Signals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the material undergoes a phase transition. Herein, we show that thermotropic phase transitions in 4-Cyano-41 Nanoscale Thermotropic Phase Transitions Enhance Photothermal Microscopy Signals A. Nicholas G-objects in various environments. It uses a photo-induced change in the refractive index of the environment. Taking

Boyer, Edmond

415

Coding-based Energy Minimization for Phase Change Memory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-1-4503-1199-1/12/06 ...$10.00. states of the phase-change material. In one state, the ma- terial is amorphous with a highCoding-based Energy Minimization for Phase Change Memory Azalia Mirhoseini Electrical and Computer Phase Change Memory write energy. Our method minimizes the energy required for memory rewrites

416

PHASE TRANSITIONS, CRITICAL PHENOMENA AND EXACTLY SOLVABLE LATTICE MODELS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of common everyday expe- rience. If we boil a kettle of water we observe a change of phase from a liquid in a pond change phase from a liquid state to solid ice. Lastly, if a horseshoe magnet is heated passes through the boling (melting) point. Figure 3 shows the phase diagram of a ferromagnetic material

Pearce, Paul A.

417

An analysis of phase change material as thermal mass  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...1006 40 117 An analysis of phase change material as thermal mass M.J Richardson...attenuated by thermal mass. Adding phase change material (PCM) to thermal mass increases...with heavyweight structures. phase change material|thermal mass|energy storage...

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

On the Phase Transition of Barium Titanate Crystal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......On the Phase Transition of Barium...ment of Ti ions Y2" in the...correspond to the transition points from a tetragonal phase to cubic and orthorhombic phases respectively...shift of Ti IOns due to the...This transition point -4......

Wataru Kinase

1959-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Four Phase Switched Reluctance Motor Direct Torque Control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The three-phase switched reluctance motor direct torque control method mostly is a simple transplantation of the three-phase AC asynchronous motor direct torque control method, not suitable for arbitrary-phase switched reluctance motor. In this paper, ... Keywords: SRM, Direct torque control, Flux vector, Voltage vector, Switched rule

Wang Mianhua

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Universal topological phase of 2D stabilizer codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Two topological phases are equivalent if they are connected by a local unitary transformation. In this sense, classifying topological phases amounts to classifying long-range entanglement patterns. We show that all 2D topological stabilizer codes are equivalent to several copies of one universal phase: Kitaev's topological code. Error correction benefits from the corresponding local mappings.

H. Bombin; Guillaume Duclos-Cianci; David Poulin

2011-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "napl non-aqueous phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Influence of geometrical factors on phase contrast fiber images  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

X-ray field phase differences caused by an object can induce edge enhancement in a radiological image Phase contrast effects have been interpreted using a model based on x-ray Fresnel diffraction The dependence of edge-enhancement on x-ray energy, object ... Keywords: digital mammography, edge enhancement, phase contrast, x-ray diffraction

Margarita Chevalier; Lorena Chanes; Eduardo Guibelalde; María-Ester Brandan; Tatiana Alieva

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Low-energy-threshold analysis of the Phase I and Phase II data sets of the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Results are reported from a joint analysis of Phase I and Phase II data from the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory. The effective electron kinetic energy threshold used is Teff=3.5 MeV, the lowest analysis threshold yet achieved ...

Monroe, Jocelyn

423

Odd q-state clock spin-glass models in three dimensions, asymmetric phase diagrams, and multiple algebraically ordered phases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Distinctive orderings and phase diagram structures are found, from renormalization-group theory, for odd q-state clock spin-glass models in d = 3 dimensions. These models exhibit asymmetric phase diagrams, as is also the ...

Ilker, Efe

424

Free Energy Functionals for Efficient Phase Field Crystal Modeling of Structural Phase Transformations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The phase field crystal (PFC) method is a promising technique for modeling materials with atomic resolution on mesoscopic time scales. While numerically more efficient than classical density functional theory (CDFT), its single mode free energy limits the complexity of structural transformations that can be simulated. We introduce a new PFC model inspired by CDFT, which uses a systematic construction of two-particle correlation functions that allows for a broad class of structural transformations. Our approach considers planar spacings, lattice symmetries, planar atomic densities, and atomic vibrational amplitudes in the unit cell, and parameterizes temperature and anisotropic surface energies. The power of our approach is demonstrated by two examples of structural phase transformations.

Michael Greenwood; Nikolas Provatas; Jörg Rottler

2010-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

425

Phase transformations in neutron-irradiated Zircaloys  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Microstructural evolution in Zircaloy-2 and -4 spent-fuel cladding specimens after approx.3 years of irradiation in commercial power reactors has been investigated by TEM and HVEM. Two kinds of precipitates induced by the fast-neutron irradiation in the reactors have been identified, i.e., Zr/sub 3/O and cubic-ZrO/sub 2/ particles approximately 2 to 10 nm in size. By means of a weak-beam dark-field ''2-1/2D-microscopy'' technique, the bulk nature of the precipitates and the surficial nature of artifact oxide and hydride phases could be discerned. The Zr(Fe/sub x/,Cr/sub 1-x/)/sub 2/ and Zr/sub 2/(Fe/sub x/,Ni/sub 1-x/) intermetallic precipitates normally present in the as-fabricated material virtually dissolved in the spent-fuel cladding specimens after a fast-neutron fluence of approx.4 x 10/sup 21/ ncm/sup -2/ in the power reactors. The observed radiation-induced phase transformations are compared with predictions based on the currently available understanding of the alloy characteristics. 29 refs.

Chung, H.M.

1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Multiple phase estimation in quantum cloning machines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since the initial discovery of the Wootters-Zurek no-cloning theorem, a wide variety of quantum cloning machines have been proposed aiming at imperfect but optimal cloning of quantum states within its own context. Remarkably, most previous studies have employed the Bures fidelity or the Hilbert-Schmidt norm as the figure of merit to characterize the quality of the corresponding cloning scenarios. However, in many situations, what we truly care about is the relevant information about certain parameters encoded in quantum states. In this work, we investigate the multiple phase estimation problem in the framework of quantum cloning machines, from the perspective of quantum Fisher information matrix (QFIM). Focusing on the generalized d-dimensional equatorial states, we obtain the analytical formulas of QFIM for both universal quantum cloning machine (UQCM) and phase-covariant quantum cloning machine (PQCM), and prove that PQCM indeed performs better than UQCM in terms of QFIM. We highlight that our method can be generalized to arbitrary cloning schemes where the fidelity between the single-copy input and output states is input-state independent. Furthermore, the attainability of the quantum Cramer-Rao bound is also explicitly discussed.

Yao Yao; Li Ge; Xing Xiao; Xiao-guang Wang; Chang-pu Sun

2014-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

427

HYTEST Phase I Facility Commissioning and Modeling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this document is to report the first year accomplishments of two coordinated Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) projects that utilize a hybrid energy testing laboratory that couples various reactors to investigate system reactance behavior. This work is the first phase of a series of hybrid energy research and testing stations - referred to hereafter as HYTEST facilities – that are planned for construction and operation at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL). A HYTEST Phase I facility was set up and commissioned in Bay 9 of the Bonneville County Technology Center (BCTC). The purpose of this facility is to utilize the hydrogen and oxygen that is produced by the High Temperature Steam Electrolysis test reactors operating in Bay 9 to support the investigation of kinetic phenomena and transient response of integrated reactor components. This facility provides a convenient scale for conducting scoping tests of new reaction concepts, materials performance, new instruments, and real-time data collection and manipulation for advance process controls. An enclosed reactor module was assembled and connected to a new ventilation system equipped with a variable-speed exhaust blower to mitigate hazardous gas exposures, as well as contract with hot surfaces. The module was equipped with a hydrogen gas pump and receiver tank to supply high quality hydrogen to chemical reactors located in the hood.

Lee P. Shunn; Richard D. Boardman; Shane J. Cherry; Craig G. Rieger

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Fluctuating interfaces in microemulsion and sponge phases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A simple Ginzburg-Landau theory with a single, scalar order parameter is used to study the microscopic structure of microemulsions and sponge phases. The scattering intensity in both film and bulk contrast, as well as averages of the internal area S, the Euler characteristic ?E, and the mean curvature squared ?H2?, are calculated by Monte Carlo methods. The results are compared with results obtained from a variational approach in combination with the theory of Gaussian random fields and level surfaces. The results for the location of the transition from the microemulsion to oil-water coexistence, for the scattering intensity in bulk contrast, and for the dimensionless ratio ?EV2/S3 (where V is the volume) are found to be in good quantitative agreement. However, the variational approach fails to give a peak in the scattering intensity in film contrast at finite wave vector, a peak which is observed both in the Monte Carlo simulations and in experiment. Also, the variational approach fails to produce a transition from the microemulsion to the lamellar phase.

G. Gompper and J. Goos

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Early Type Galaxy Core Phase Densities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Early type galaxies, ellipticals and S0's, have two distinct core density profiles, either a power law or nearly flat in projection. The two core types are distributed with substantial overlap in luminosity, radius, mass and velocity dispersion, however, the cores separate into two distinct distributions in their coarse grain phase density, Q_0 = rho/sigma^3,suggesting that dynamical processes played a dominant role in their origin. The transition phase density separating the two elliptical types is approximately 0.003 M_sun pc^-3 km^-3 s^3,. The Q_0*M_c^2 vs M_c diagram shows that globular clusters, nuclear star clusters and power-law cores fall on what is likely a "collisional" sequence of inspiralling globular clusters. on which the relative core mass excess varies as the bulk stellar mass to the -0.34+/-0.08 power, close to predictions, albeit with a correlation coefficient of -0.46. Both power-law and cored galaxies lie on a single sequence of approximately Q_0 ~r_c^-2.2, suggesting that transport proces...

Carlbeg, Raymond

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Electro-optic Phase Grating Streak Spectrometer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The electro-optic phase grating streak spectrometer (EOPGSS) generates a time-resolved spectra equivalent to that obtained with a conventional spectrometer/streak camera combination, but without using a streak camera (by far the more expensive and problematic component of the conventional system). The EOPGSS is based on a phase, rather than an amplitude grating. Further, this grating is fabricated of electro-optic material such as, for example, KD*P, by either etching grooves into an E-O slab, or by depositing lines of the E-O material onto an optical flat. An electric field normal to the grating alters the material’s index of refraction and thus affects a shift (in angle) of the output spectrum. Ramping the voltage streaks the spectrum correspondingly. The streak and dispersion directions are the same, so a second (static, conventional) grating disperses the spectrum in the orthogonal direction to prevent different wavelengths from “overwriting” each other. Because the streaking is done by the grating, the streaked output spectrum is recorded with a time-integrating device, such as a CCD. System model, typical design, and performance expectations will be presented.

Goldin, F. J.

2012-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

431

Memory Optimization for Phase-field Simulations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Phase-field simulations are computationally and memory intensive applications. Many of the phase-field simulations being conducted in support of NEAMS were not capable of running on “normal clusters” with 2-4GB of RAM per core, and instead required specialized “big-memory” clusters with 64GB per core. To address this issue, the MOOSE team developed a new Python-based utility called MemoryLogger, and applied it to locate, diagnose, and eradicate memory bottlenecks within the MOOSE framework. MemoryLogger allows for a better understanding of the memory usage of an application being run in parallel across a cluster. Memory usage information is captured for every individual process in a parallel job, and communicated to the head node of the cluster. Console text output from the application itself is automatically matched with this memory usage information to produce a detailed picture of memory usage over time, making it straightforward to identify the subroutines which contribute most to the application’s peak memory usage. The information produced by the MemoryLogger quickly and effectively narrows the search for memory optimizations to the most data-intensive parts of the simulation.

Derek Gaston; John Peterson; Andrew Slaughter; Cody Permann; David Andrs

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

A phase-field method for 3D simulation of two-phase heat transfer , H. Babaee a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the efficiency of the new method in simulating 3D multi-phase convective heat transfer on stationary gridsA phase-field method for 3D simulation of two-phase heat transfer X. Zheng a , H. Babaee a , S Keywords: Spectral element Non-moving grid Cahn­Hilliard equation Large thermal conductivity ratio a b

Dong, Suchuan "Steven"

433

Phase I - Resource Procurement and Identification | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

- Resource Procurement and Identification - Resource Procurement and Identification Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home GEA Development Phase I: Resource Procurement and Identification GEA Development Phases The Geothermal Energy Association's (GEA) Geothermal Reporting Terms and Definitions are a guideline for geothermal developers to use when submitting geothermal resource development information to GEA for public dissemination in its annual US Geothermal Power Production and Development Update. GEA's Geothermal Reporting Terms and Definitions serve to increase the consistency, accuracy, and reliability of industry information presented in the development updates. Phase I - Resource Procurement and Identification Phase II - Resource Exploration and Confirmation Phase III - Permitting and Initial Development

434

West Valley Demonstration Project Phase I Decommissioning - Facility  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Project Phase I Decommissioning - Project Phase I Decommissioning - Facility Disposition Partnering Performance Agreement West Valley Demonstration Project Phase I Decommissioning - Facility Disposition Partnering Performance Agreement The Department of Energy, West Valley Demonstration Project (DOE-WVDP) and CH2M Hill B&W West Valley (CHBWV) are committed to continuous improvement and will utilize principles of the DOE Environmental Management (DOE-EM) Partnering Policy to create and foster a team environment to successfully complete the West Valley Demonstration Project (WVDP) Phase I Decommissioning - Faciltiy Disposition. West Valley Demonstration Project Phase I Decommissioning - Facility Disposition Partnering Performance Agreement More Documents & Publications CX-009527: Categorical Exclusion Determination

435

Phase III - Permitting and Initial Development | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

III - Permitting and Initial Development III - Permitting and Initial Development Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home GEA Development Phase III: Permitting and Initial Development GEA Development Phases The Geothermal Energy Association's (GEA) Geothermal Reporting Terms and Definitions are a guideline for geothermal developers to use when submitting geothermal resource development information to GEA for public dissemination in its annual US Geothermal Power Production and Development Update. GEA's Geothermal Reporting Terms and Definitions serve to increase the consistency, accuracy, and reliability of industry information presented in the development updates. Phase I - Resource Procurement and Identification Phase II - Resource Exploration and Confirmation Phase III - Permitting and Initial Development

436

Economical realization of phase covariant devices in arbitrary dimensions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe a unified framework of phase covariant multi user quantum transformations for d-dimensional quantum systems. We derive the optimal phase covariant cloning and transposition tranformations for multi phase states. We show that for some particular relations between the input and output number of copies they correspond to economical tranformations, which can be achieved without the need of auxiliary systems. We prove a relation between the optimal phase covariant cloning and transposition maps, and optimal estimation of multiple phases for equatorial states.

Francesco Buscemi; Giacomo Mauro D'Ariano; Chiara Macchiavello

2006-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

437

Relative Phase States in Quantum-Atom Optics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Relative phase is treated as a physical quantity for two mode systems in quantum atom optics, adapting the Pegg-Barnett treatment of quantum optical phase to define a linear Hermitian relative phase operator via first introducing a complete orthonormal set of relative phase eigenstates. These states are contrasted with other so-called phase states. Other approaches to treating phase and previous attempts to find a Hermitian phase operator are discussed. The relative phase eigenstate has maximal two mode entanglement, it is a fragmented state with its Bloch vector lying inside the Bloch sphere and is highly spin squeezed. The relative phase states are applied to describing interferometry experiments with Bose-Einstein condensates (BEC), particularly in the context of a proposed Heisenberg limited interferometry experiment. For a relative phase eigenstate the fractional fluctuation in one spin operator component perpendicular to the Bloch vector is essentially only of order 1/N, so if such a highly spin squeezed state could be prepared it may be useful for Heisenberg limited interferometry. An approach for preparing a BEC in a state close to a relative phase state is suggested, based on adiabatically changing parameters in the Josephson Hamiltonian starting from a suitable energy eigenstate in the Rabi regime.

B J Dalton

2011-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

438

Gas: A Neglected Phase in Remediation of Metals and Radionuclides  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The gas phase is generally ignored in remediation of metals and radionuclides because it is assumed that there is no efficient way to exploit it. In the literal sense, all remediations involve the gas phase because this phase is linked to the liquid and solid phases by vapor pressure and thermodynamic relationships. Remediation methods that specifically use the gas phase as a central feature have primarily targeted volatile organic contaminants, not metals and radionuclides. Unlike many organic contaminants, the vapor pressure and Henry's Law constants of metals and radionuclides are not generally conducive to direct air stripping of dissolved contaminants. Nevertheless, the gas phase can play an important role in remediation of inorganic contaminants and provide opportunities for efficient, cost effective remediation. The objective here is to explore ways in which manipulation of the gas phase can be used to facilitate remediation of metals and radionuclides.

Denham, Miles E.; Looney, Brian B

2005-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

439

Pharmacogenomics in Early-Phase Oncology Clinical Trials: Is There a Sweet Spot in Phase II?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Pharmacol 2008;62:1075-83. 36. Attia S , Kolesar J, Mahoney MR, Pitot HC, Laheru D, Heun J, et alA phase 2 consortium (P2C) trial of 3-aminopyridine-2-carboxaldehyde thiosemicarbazone (3-AP) for advanced adenocarcinoma of the pancreas...

Peter H. O'Donnell and Walter M. Stadler

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

440

Thermodynamic Relationships for Bulk Crystalline and Liquid Phases in the Phase-Field Crystal Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present thermodynamic relationships between the free energy of the phase-field crystal (PFC) model and thermodynamic state variables for bulk phases under hydrostatic pressure. This relationship is derived based on the thermodynamic formalism for crystalline solids of Larch\\'e and Cahn [Larch\\'e and Cahn, Acta Metallurgica, Vol. 21, 1051 (1973)]. We apply the relationship to examine the thermodynamic processes associated with varying the input parameters of the PFC model: temperature, lattice spacing, and the average value of the PFC order parameter, $\\bar{n}$. The equilibrium conditions between bulk crystalline solid and liquid phases are imposed on the thermodynamic relationships for the PFC model to obtain a procedure for determining solid-liquid phase coexistence. The resulting procedure is found to be in agreement with the method commonly used in the PFC community, justifying the use of the common-tangent construction to determine solid-liquid phase coexistence in the PFC model. Finally, we apply the procedure to an eighth-order-fit (EOF) PFC model that has been parameterized to body-centered-cubic ($bcc$) Fe [Jaatinen et al., Physical Review E 80, 031602 (2009)] to demonstrate the procedure as well as to develop physical intuition about the PFC input parameters. We demonstrate that the EOF-PFC model parameterization does not predict stable $bcc$ structures with positive vacancy densities. This result suggests an alternative parameterization of the PFC model, which requires the primary peak position of the two-body direct correlation function to shift as a function of $\\bar{n}$.

Victor W. L. Chan; Nirand Pisutha-Arnond; Katsuyo Thornton

2015-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "napl non-aqueous phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Formation of binary phase gratings in photopolymer-liquid crystal composites by a surface-controlled anisotropic phase separation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on formation of binary phase gratings in photopolymer-liquid crystal (PLC) composites using a surface-controlled phase separation method. The binary nature of the PLC phase gratings is produced by employing a single step photo-ablation through an amplitude photomask which precisely controls the interfacial interactions between the LC and the photopolymer on the alignment layer. A subsequent illumination of the ultraviolet light onto the whole PLC promotes an anisotropic phase separation resulting in the formation of distinct binary patterns for the PLC structure. The electrically tunable diffraction properties of the binary phase gratings are presented.

Park, Jae-Hong; Khoo, Iam Choon; Yu, Chang-Jae; Jung, Min-Sik; Lee, Sin-Doo [216 Electrical Engineering East, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802 (United States); School of Electrical Engineering no. 32, Seoul National University, Kwanak P.O. Box 34, Seoul 151-600 (Korea, Republic of)

2005-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

442

Multiyear Program Plan Template - Phase II Guidance  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Multiyear Program Plan Template Multiyear Program Plan Template Phase II Guidance June 30, 2006 Foreword: The Purpose and Value of a Multiyear Program Plan Multiyear Program Plans (MYPPs) are intended primarily to serve as operational guides for programs to manage their activities and as a source of information to help EERE management identify clear linkages between key program activities and progress toward goals. It is understood, however, that they are also read by a broad group of program stakeholders and may serve other purposes as well. Strategic planning in government is closely integrated with budgeting. In effective organizations, planning and strategy guide budget requests, not the other way around. Strategic planning enables programs to create logical budgets and manage their activities toward programmatic and

443

Fundemental Academic Training Study Guide Phase 1  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Module 1.01 Basic Mathematics and Algebra Study Guide Part 4 of 9 Radiological Control Technician Training Fundamental Academic Training Study Guide Phase I Coordinated and Conducted for the Office of Health, Safety and Security U.S. Department of Energy DOE-HDBK-1122-2009 Module 1.01 Basic Mathematics and Algebra Study Guide 1.01-ii This page intentionally left blank. DOE-HDBK-1122-2009 Module 1.01 Basic Mathematics and Algebra Study Guide 1.01-iii Table of Contents Page Module 1.01 Basic Mathematics and Algebra........................................................................1.01-1 Module 1.02 Unit Analysis and Conversion...........................................................................1.02-1 Module 1.03 Physical Sciences...............................................................................................1.03-1

444

Eastern Interconnection Phase Angle Base Lining Study  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

bhargava@electricpowergroup.com June 27-28, 2013 Washington, DC DOE/OE Transmission Reliability Program Topics  Project objective  Major technical accomplishments that will be completed this year-stage in RD&D cycle  Deliverables and schedule for activities to be completed under FY13 funding  Risk factors affecting timely completion of planned activities as well as movement through RD&D cycle  Early thoughts on follow-on work that should be considered for funding in FY14 Project Objective  Operators monitor power flows at specific interchange points (such as Keystone-Juniata). However, power flows may not be a good measure of wide area system stress  Phasor networks provide the capability to monitor phase angle

445

Apex Offshore Phase 1 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1 1 Facility Apex Offshore Phase 1 Sector Wind energy Facility Type Offshore Wind Facility Status Proposed Owner Apex Wind Energy Developer Apex Offshore Wind / Outer Banks Ocean Energy Corp / Maersk Line Limited Location Atlantic Ocean NC Coordinates 34.169°, -77.12° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":34.169,"lon":-77.12,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

446

Apex Offshore Phase 2 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2 2 Facility Apex Offshore Phase 2 Sector Wind energy Facility Type Offshore Wind Facility Status Proposed Owner Apex Wind Energy Developer Apex Offshore Wind / Outer Banks Ocean Energy Corp / Maersk Line Limited Location Atlantic Ocean NC Coordinates 34.169°, -76.91° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":34.169,"lon":-76.91,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

447

Phase I Report: DARPA Exoskeleton Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) inaugurated a program addressing research and development for an Exoskeleton for Human Performance Augmentation in FY!2001. A team consisting of Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the prime contractor, AeroVironment, Inc., the Army Research Laboratory, the University of Minnesota, and the Virginia Polytechnic Institute has recently completed an 18-month Phase I effort in support of this DARPA program. The Phase I effort focused on the development and proof-of-concept demonstrations for key enabling technologies, laying the foundation for subsequently building and demonstrating a prototype exoskeleton. The overall approach was driven by the need to optimize energy efficiency while providing a system that augmented the operator in as transparent manner as possible (non-impeding). These needs led to the evolution of two key distinguishing features of this team's approach. The first is the ''no knee contact'' concept. This concept is dependent on a unique Cartesian-based control scheme that uses force sensing at the foot and backpack attachments to allow the exoskeleton to closely follow the operator while avoiding the difficulty of connecting and sensing position at the knee. The second is an emphasis on energy efficiency manifested by an energetic, power, actuation and controls approach designed to enhance energy efficiency as well as a reconfigurable kinematic structure that provides a non-anthropomorphic configuration to support an energy saving long-range march/transport mode. The enabling technologies addressed in the first phase were controls and sensing, the soft tissue interface between the machine and the operator, the power system, and actuation. The controller approach was implemented and demonstrated on a test stand with an actual operator. Control stability, low operator fatigue, force amplification and the human interface were all successfully demonstrated, validating the controls approach. A unique, lightweight, low profile, multi-axis foot sensor (an integral element of the controls approach) was designed, fabricated, and its performance verified. A preliminary conceptual design of the human coupling and soft tissue interface, based on biomechanics research has been developed along with a test plan to support an iterative design process. The power system concept, a fuel cell hybrid power supply using chemical generated hydrogen, was successfully demonstrated and shown to be able to efficiently meet both steady-state and transient peak loads. Two actuator approaches, a piezoelectric actuator, with theoretical high power densities and an approach based on a high-performance, high-speed electric motor driving a miniature hydraulic pump have been investigated. The first shows great potential but will require further research before reaching that promise. The other approach has been modeled and simulated and shown to provide the possibility for significant energy savings (>30%) and improved power densities in comparison to conventional hydraulics. Biomechanics analysis and testing were also performed in support of these enabling technologies, to provide a basis for design criteria. An analysis was performed to determine baseline data for initial mechanical design and power supply sizing. Testing conducted to evaluate boot sole thickness found that thickness increases up to two inches could be accommodated without significant impact on human factors issues. This 18-month long Phase I effort has evaluated key enabling technologies and demonstrated advances in these technologies that have significantly increased the likelihood of building a functional prototype exoskeleton.

Jansen, J.F.

2004-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

448

Dry powder mixes comprising phase change materials  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Free flowing, conformable powder-like mix of silica particles and a phase change material (pcm) is disclosed. The silica particles have a critical size of about 7[times]10[sup [minus]3] to about 7[times]10[sup [minus]2] microns and the pcm must be added to the silica in an amount of 80 wt. % or less pcm per combined weight of silica and pcm. The powder-like mix can be used in tableware items, medical wraps, tree wraps, garments, quilts and blankets, and in cementitious compositions of the type in which it is beneficial to use a pcm material. The silica-pcm mix can also be admixed with soil to provide a soil warming effect and placed about a tree, flower, or shrub. 10 figures.

Salyer, I.O.

1993-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

449

Transuranic (TRU) Waste Phase I Retrieval Plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

From 1970 to 1987, TRU and suspect TRU wastes at Hanford were placed in the SWBG. At the time of placement in the SWBG these wastes were not regulated under existing Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) regulations, since they were generated and disposed of prior to the effective date of RCRA at the Hanford Site (1987). From the standpoint of DOE Order 5820.2A1, the TRU wastes are considered retrievably stored, and current plans are to retrieve these wastes for shipment to WIPP for disposal. This plan provides a strategy for the Phase I retrieval that meets the intent of TPA milestone M-91 and Project W-113, and incorporates the lessons learned during TRU retrieval campaigns at Hanford, LANL, and SRS. As in the original Project W-113 plans, the current plan calls for examination of approximately 10,000 suspect-TRU drums located in the 218-W-4C burial ground followed by the retrieval of those drums verified to contain TRU waste. Unlike the older plan, however, this plan proposes an open-air retrieval scenario similar to those used for TRU drum retrieval at LANL and SRS. Phase I retrieval consists of the activities associated with the assessment of approximately 10,000 55-gallon drums of suspect TRU-waste in burial ground 218-W-4C and the retrieval of those drums verified to contain TRU waste. Four of the trenches in 218-W-4C (Trenches 1, 4, 20, and 29) are prime candidates for Phase I retrieval because they contain large numbers of suspect TRU drums, stacked from 2 to 5 drums high, on an asphalt pad. In fact, three of the trenches (Trenches 1 , 20, and 29) contain waste that has not been covered with soil, and about 1500 drums can be retrieved without excavation. The other three trenches in 218-W-4C (Trenches 7, 19, and 24) are not candidates for Phase I retrieval because they contain significant numbers of boxes. Drums will be retrieved from the four candidate trenches, checked for structural integrity, overpacked, if necessary, and assayed at the burial ground. A mobile assay system will be used to determine if the drum is LLW (Le., contains <100 nCi/g). LLW will remain disposed of in the 218-W-4C Burial Ground. TRU waste will be retrieved and staged in the burial ground until it can be shipped to the CWC. The TRU drums will be stored at the CWC until they can be moved to WRAP. The WRAP facility will prepare the waste for shipment to WIPP for final disposal. For planning purposes, approximately 50% of the 10,000 drums have been estimated to contain LLW.

MCDONALD, K.M.

2000-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

450

Combined Experiment Phase 1. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

How does wind tunnel airfoil data differ from the airfoil performance on an operating horizontal axis wind turbine (HAWT)? The National Renewable Energy laboratory has been conducting a comprehensive test program focused on answering this question and understanding the basic fluid mechanics of rotating HAWT stall aerodynamics. The basic approach was to instrument a wind rotor, using an airfoil that was well documented by wind tunnel tests, and measure operating pressure distributions on the rotating blade. Based an the integrated values of the pressure data, airfoil performance coefficients were obtained, and comparisons were made between the rotating data and the wind tunnel data. Care was taken to the aerodynamic and geometric differences between the rotating and the wind tunnel models. This is the first of two reports describing the Combined Experiment Program and its results. This Phase I report covers background information such as test setup and instrumentation. It also includes wind tunnel test results and roughness testing.

Butterfield, C.P.; Musial, W.P.; Simms, D.A.

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Dry powder mixes comprising phase change materials  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A free flowing, conformable powder-like mix of silica particles and a phase change material (p.c.m.) is disclosed. The silica particles have a critical size of about 7 [times] 10[sup [minus]3] to about 7 [times] 10[sup [minus]2] microns and the pcm must be added to the silica in an amount of 80 wt. % or less pcm per combined weight of silica and pcm. The powder-like mix can be used in tableware items, medical wraps, tree wraps, garments, quilts and blankets, and in cementitious compositions of the type in which it is beneficial to use a pcm material. The silica-pcm mix can also be admixed with soil to provide a soil warming effect and placed about a tree, flower, or shrub. 9 figs.

Salyer, I.O.

1992-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

452

Benchmark On Sensitivity Calculation (Phase III)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The sensitivities of the keff eigenvalue to neutron cross sections have become commonly used in similarity studies and as part of the validation algorithm for criticality safety assessments. To test calculations of the sensitivity coefficients, a benchmark study (Phase III) has been established by the OECD-NEA/WPNCS/EG UACSA (Expert Group on Uncertainty Analysis for Criticality Safety Assessment). This paper presents some sensitivity results generated by the benchmark participants using various computational tools based upon different computational methods: SCALE/TSUNAMI-3D and -1D, MONK, APOLLO2-MORET 5, DRAGON-SUSD3D and MMKKENO. The study demonstrates the performance of the tools. It also illustrates how model simplifications impact the sensitivity results and demonstrates the importance of 'implicit' (self-shielding) sensitivities. This work has been a useful step towards verification of the existing and developed sensitivity analysis methods.

Ivanova, Tatiana [IRSN; Laville, Cedric [IRSN; Dyrda, James [Atomic Weapons Establishment; Mennerdahl, Dennis [E. Mennerdahl Systems; Golovko, Yury [Institute of Physics and Power Engineering (IPPE), Obninsk, Russia; Raskach, Kirill [Institute of Physics and Power Engineering (IPPE), Obninsk, Russia; Tsiboulia, Anatoly [Institute of Physics and Power Engineering (IPPE), Obninsk, Russia; Lee, Gil Soo [Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety (KINS); Woo, Sweng-Woong [Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety (KINS); Bidaud, Adrien [Labratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmolo-gie (LPSC); Patel, Amrit [NRC; Bledsoe, Keith C [ORNL; Rearden, Bradley T [ORNL; Gulliford, J. [OECD Nuclear Energy Agency

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

A Phased Array Approach to Rock Blasting  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A series of laboratory-scale simultaneous two-hole shots was performed in a rock simulant (mortar) to record the shock wave interference patterns produced in the material. The purpose of the project as a whole was to evaluate the usefulness of phased array techniques of blast design, using new high-precision delay technology. Despite high-speed photography, however, we were unable to detect the passage of the shock waves through the samples to determine how well they matched the expected interaction geometry. The follow-up mine-scale tests were therefore not conducted. Nevertheless, pattern analysis of the vectors that would be formed by positive interference of the shockwaves from multiple charges in an ideal continuous, homogeneous, isotropic medium indicate the potential for powerful control of blast design, given precise characterization of the target rock mass.

Leslie Gertsch; Jason Baird

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Microrheology close to an equilibrium phase transition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate the microstructural and microrheological response to a tracer particle of a two-dimensional colloidal suspension under thermodynamic conditions close to a liquid-gas phase boundary. On the liquid side of the binodal, increasing the velocity of the (repulsive) tracer leads to the development of a pronounced cavitation bubble, within which the concentration of colloidal particles is strongly depleted. The tendency of the liquid to cavitate is characterized by a dimensionless “colloidal cavitation” number. On the gas side of the binodal, a pulled (attractive) tracer leaves behind it an extended trail of colloidal liquid, arising from downstream advection of a wetting layer on its surface. For both situations the velocity dependent friction is calculated.

Reinhardt, J.; Scacchi, A.; Brader, J. M., E-mail: joseph.brader@unifr.ch [Department of Physics, University of Fribourg, CH-1700 Fribourg (Switzerland)

2014-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

455

Modernization of Ohio's coal reserves, Phase 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objectives of this project were to determine state-level totals of the estimated economic resource, minable reserve base, and recoverable coal in Ohio, allocated to specified ranges of sulfur and heat content. In addition, resources and reserves were to be categorized by mining methods (surface and underground). Land use and environmental restrictions, needed to determine remaining minable reserves, were to be delineated and percentages of restricted coal calculated. In context of a Phase 1, one-year project, the objectives of this project were to update Ohio's coal reserves and resources for as many counties as time allowed, and to deplete production tonnages to January 1, 1991, on the remaining coal-producing counties. For the depleted counties, only estimated economic resources were required or possible with the data available. 24 refs., 9 figs., 3 tabs.

Carlton, R.W.

1991-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

456

Phase-shifting point diffraction interferometer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed is a point diffraction interferometer for evaluating the quality of a test optic. In operation, the point diffraction interferometer includes a source of radiation, the test optic, a beam divider, a reference wave pinhole located at an image plane downstream from the test optic, and a detector for detecting an interference pattern produced between a reference wave emitted by the pinhole and a test wave emitted from the test optic. The beam divider produces separate reference and test beams which focus at different laterally separated positions on the image plane. The reference wave pinhole is placed at a region of high intensity (e.g., the focal point) for the reference beam. This allows reference wave to be produced at a relatively high intensity. Also, the beam divider may include elements for phase shifting one or both of the reference and test beams. 8 figs.

Medecki, H.

1998-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

457

Dry powder mixes comprising phase change materials  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Free flowing, conformable powder-like mix of silica particles and a phase change material (p.c.m.) is disclosed. The silica particles have a critical size of about 7[times]10[sup [minus]3] to about 7[times]10[sup [minus]2] microns and the p.c.m. must be added to the silica in an amount of 80 wt. % or less p.c.m. per combined weight of silica and p.c.m. The powder-like mix can be used in tableware items, medical wraps, tree wraps, garments, quilts and blankets, and in cementitious compositions of the type in which it is beneficial to use a p.c.m. material. The silica-p.c.m. mix can also be admixed with soil to provide a soil warming effect and placed about a tree, flower, or shrub.

Salyer, I.O.

1993-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

458

Dry powder mixes comprising phase change materials  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Free flowing, conformable powder-like mix of silica particles and a phase change material (PCM) is provided. The silica particles have a critical size of about 0.005 to about 0.025 microns and the PCM must be added to the silica in an amount of 75% or less PCM per combined weight of silica and PCM. The powder-like mix can be used in tableware items, medical wraps, tree wraps, garments, quilts and blankets, and in cementitious compositions of the type in which it is beneficial to use a PCM material. The silica-PCM mix can also be admixed with soil to provide a soil warming effect and placed about a tree, flower, or shrub. 2 figures.

Salyer, I.O.

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Phase Change Materials for Thermal Energy Storage in Concentrated Solar Thermal Power Plants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OF CALIFORNIA RIVERSIDE Phase Change Materials for ThermalOF THE THESIS Phase Change Materials for Thermal Energyto utilize phase change materials (PCM’s) to enhance thermal

Hardin, Corey Lee

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Simultaneous maximum-likelihood reconstruction for x-ray grating based phase-contrast tomography avoiding intermediate phase retrieval  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Phase-wrapping artifacts, statistical image noise and the need for a minimum amount of phase steps per projection limit the practicability of x-ray grating based phase-contrast tomography, when using filtered back projection reconstruction. For conventional x-ray computed tomography, the use of statistical iterative reconstruction algorithms has successfully reduced artifacts and statistical issues. In this work, an iterative reconstruction method for grating based phase-contrast tomography is presented. The method avoids the intermediate retrieval of absorption, differential phase and dark field projections. It directly reconstructs tomographic cross sections from phase stepping projections by the use of a forward projecting imaging model and an appropriate likelihood function. The likelihood function is then maximized with an iterative algorithm. The presented method is tested with tomographic data obtained through a wave field simulation of grating based phase-contrast tomography. The reconstruction result...

Ritter, André; Durst, Jürgen; Gödel, Karl; Haas, Wilhelm; Michel, Thilo; Rieger, Jens; Weber, Thomas; Wucherer, Lukas; Anton, Gisela

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "napl non-aqueous phase" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Environmental assessment of proposed effluent limitations guidelines and standards for synthetic-based drilling fluids and other-non aqueous drilling fluids in the oil and gas extraction point source category  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This environmental assessment consists of an evaluation of the ecological and indirect human health impacts for the discharge of cuttings contaminated with synthetic-based drilling fluids (SBFs) with respect to discharges to water. In addition, this document describes the environmental characteristics of SBF drilling wastes (e.g., toxicity, bioaccumulation, biodegradation), the types of anticipated impacts, and the pollutant modeling results for water column concentrations, pore water concentrations, and human health effects via consumption of affected seafood. The geographic areas considered under this rule are those where EPA knows SBFs are currently used and those where EPA projects SBFs will be used as a result of the SBF Effluent Guidelines. This includes the Gulf of Mexico, offshore California, and Cook Inlet, Alaska.

NONE

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Atomic Structure and Phase Transformations in Pu Alloys  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Plutonium and plutonium-based alloys containing Al or Ga exhibit numerous phases with crystal structures ranging from simple monoclinic to face-centered cubic. Only recently, however, has there been increased convergence in the actinides community on the details of the equilibrium form of the phase diagrams. Practically speaking, while the phase diagrams that represent the stability of the fcc {delta}-phase field at room temperature are generally applicable, it is also recognized that Pu and its alloys are never truly in thermodynamic equilibrium because of self-irradiation effects, primarily from the alpha decay of Pu isotopes. This article covers past and current research on several properties of Pu and Pu-(Al or Ga) alloys and their connections to the crystal structure and the microstructure. We review the consequences of radioactive decay, the recent advances in understanding the electronic structure, the current research on phase transformations and their relations to phase diagrams and phase stability, the nature of the isothermal martensitic {delta} {yields} {alpha}{prime} transformation, and the pressure-induced transformations in the {delta}-phase alloys. New data are also presented on the structures and phase transformations observed in these materials following the application of pressure, including the formation of transition phases.

Schwartz, A J; Cynn, H; Blobaum, K M; Wall, M A; Moore, K T; Evans, W J; Farber, D L; Jeffries, J R; Massalski, T B

2008-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

463

Sarma phase in relativistic and non-relativistic systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the stability of the Sarma phase in two-component fermion systems in three spatial dimensions. For this purpose we compare strongly-correlated systems with either relativistic or non-relativistic dispersion relation: relativistic quarks and mesons at finite isospin density and spin-imbalanced ultracold Fermi gases. Using a Functional Renormalization Group approach, we resolve fluctuation effects onto the corresponding phase diagrams beyond the mean-field approximation. We find that fluctuations induce a second order phase transition at zero temperature, and thus a Sarma phase, in the relativistic setup for large isospin chemical potential. This motivates the investigation of the cold atoms setup with comparable mean-field phase structure, where the Sarma phase could then be realized in experiment. However, for the non-relativistic system we find the stability region of the Sarma phase to be smaller than the one predicted from mean-field theory. It is limited to the BEC side of the phase diagram, and the unitary Fermi gas does not support a Sarma phase at zero temperature. Finally, we propose an ultracold quantum gas with four fermion species that has a good chance to realize a zero-temperature Sarma phase.

I. Boettcher; T. K. Herbst; J. M. Pawlowski; N. Strodthoff; L. von Smekal; C. Wetterich

2015-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

464

CRAD, Training - Idaho Accelerated Retrieval Project Phase II | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Accelerated Retrieval Project Phase II Accelerated Retrieval Project Phase II CRAD, Training - Idaho Accelerated Retrieval Project Phase II February 2006 A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) used for a February 2006 Commencement of Operations assessment of the Training Program at the Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Accelerated Retrieval Project Phase II. CRADs provide a recommended approach and the types of information to gather to assess elements of a DOE contractor's programs. CRAD, Training - Idaho Accelerated Retrieval Project Phase II More Documents & Publications CRAD, Criticality Safety - Idaho Accelerated Retrieval Project Phase II

465

CRAD, Quality Assurance - Idaho Accelerated Retrieval Project Phase II |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

CRAD, Quality Assurance - Idaho Accelerated Retrieval Project Phase CRAD, Quality Assurance - Idaho Accelerated Retrieval Project Phase II CRAD, Quality Assurance - Idaho Accelerated Retrieval Project Phase II February 2006 A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) used for a February 2006 Commencement of Operations assessment of the Quality Assurance Program at the Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Accelerated Retrieval Project Phase II. CRADs provide a recommended approach and the types of information to gather to assess elements of a DOE contractor's programs. CRAD, Quality Assurance - Idaho Accelerated Retrieval Project Phase II More Documents & Publications CRAD, Radiological Controls - Idaho Accelerated Retrieval Project Phase II

466

CRAD, Engineering - Idaho Accelerated Retrieval Project Phase II |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Accelerated Retrieval Project Phase II Accelerated Retrieval Project Phase II CRAD, Engineering - Idaho Accelerated Retrieval Project Phase II February 2006 A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) used for a February 2006 Commencement of Operations assessment of the Engineering program at the Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Accelerated Retrieval Project Phase II. CRADs provide a recommended approach and the types of information to gather to assess elements of a DOE contractor's programs. CRAD, Engineering - Idaho Accelerated Retrieval Project Phase II More Documents & Publications CRAD, Fire Protection - Idaho Accelerated Retrieval Project Phase II

467

Definition: Phase Angle Regulating Transformer | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Angle Regulating Transformer Angle Regulating Transformer Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Phase Angle Regulating Transformer Transformers that enable phase-angle control between the primary (source) and the secondary (load) side to create a phase shift between the primary side voltage and the secondary side voltage. The purpose of this phase shift is to control the real power flow through interconnected power systems.[1] Also Known As phase angle regulating transformers (PARs) Related Terms transformer, real power, smart grid References ↑ [www.smartgrid.gov/sites/default/files/pdfs/description_of_assets.pdf SmartGrid.gov 'Description of Assets'] An in LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. line Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Phase_Angle_Regulating_Transformer&oldid=502556"

468

CRAD, Fire Protection - Idaho Accelerated Retrieval Project Phase II |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Fire Protection - Idaho Accelerated Retrieval Project Phase Fire Protection - Idaho Accelerated Retrieval Project Phase II CRAD, Fire Protection - Idaho Accelerated Retrieval Project Phase II February 2006 A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) used for a February 2006 Commencement of Operations assessment of the Fire Protection program at the Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Accelerated Retrieval Project Phase II. CRADs provide a recommended approach and the types of information to gather to assess elements of a DOE contractor's programs. CRAD, Fire Protection - Idaho Accelerated Retrieval Project Phase II More Documents & Publications CRAD, Engineering - Idaho Accelerated Retrieval Project Phase II

469

CRAD, Management - Idaho Accelerated Retrieval Project Phase II |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Management - Idaho Accelerated Retrieval Project Phase II Management - Idaho Accelerated Retrieval Project Phase II CRAD, Management - Idaho Accelerated Retrieval Project Phase II February 2006 A section of Appendix C to DOE G 226.1-2 "Federal Line Management Oversight of Department of Energy Nuclear Facilities." Consists of Criteria Review and Approach Documents (CRADs) used for a February 2006 Commencement of Operations assessment of the Management at the Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Accelerated Retrieval Project Phase II. CRADs provide a recommended approach and the types of information to gather to assess elements of a DOE contractor's programs. CRAD, Management - Idaho Accelerated Retrieval Project Phase II More Documents & Publications CRAD, Emergency Management - Idaho Accelerated Retrieval Project Phase II

470

Phase Identification in Distribution Networks with Micro-Synchrophasors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper proposes a novel phase identification method for distribution networks where phases can be severely unbalanced and insufficiently labeled. The analysis approach draws on data from high-precision phasor measurement units (micro-synchrophasors or uPMUs) for distribution systems. A key fact is that time-series voltage phasors taken from a distribution network show specific patterns regarding connected phases at measurement points. The algorithm is based on analyzing crosscorrelations over voltage magnitudes along with phase angle differences on two candidate phases to be matched. If two measurement points are on the same phase, large positive voltage magnitude correlations and small voltage angle differences should be observed. The algorithm is initially validated using the IEEE 13-bus model, and subsequently with actual uPMU measurements on a 12-kV feeder.

Wen, Miles H F; von Meier, Alexandra; Poolla, Kameshwar; Li, Victor O K

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

QCD Viscosity to Entropy Density Ratio in the Hadronic Phase  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Shear viscosity (eta) of QCD in the hadronic phase is computed by the coupled Boltzmann equations of pions and nucleons in low temperatures and low baryon number densities. The eta to entropy density ratio eta/s maps out the nuclear gas-liquid phase transition by forming a valley tracing the phase transition line in the temperature-chemical potential plane. When the phase transition turns into a crossover, the eta/s valley gradually disappears. We suspect the general feature for a first-order phase transition is that eta/s has a discontinuity in the bottom of the eta/s valley. The discontinuity coincides with the phase transition line and ends at the critical point. Beyond the critical point, a smooth eta/s valley is seen. However, the valley could disappear further away from the critical point. The eta/s measurements might provide an alternative to identify the critical points.

Jiunn-Wei Chen; Yen-Han Li; Yen-Fu Liu; Eiji Nakano

2007-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

472

Geometric Phase in a Bose-Einstein Josephson Junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We calculate the geometric phase associated with the time evolution of the wave function of a Bose-Einstein condensate system in a double-well trap by using a model for tunneling between the wells. For a cyclic evolution, this phase is shown to be half the solid angle subtended by the evolution of a unit vector whose z component and azimuthal angle are given by the population difference and phase difference between the two condensates. For a non-cyclic evolution an additional phase term arises. We show that the geometric phase can also be obtained by mapping the tunneling equations onto the equations os a space curve. The importance of a geometric phase in the context of some recent experiments is pointed out.

Radha Balakrishnan; Mitaxi Mehta

2003-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

473

Power generation of a thermoelectric generator with phase change materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, a thermoelectric generator that embeds phase change materials for wasted heat energy harvesting is proposed. The proposed thermoelectric generator embeds phase change materials in its device structure. The phase change materials store large amounts of heat energy using the latent heat of fusion. When the heat source contacts the thermoelectric generator, dissipated heat from the heat source is stored in the phase change materials. When the heat source is removed from the thermoelectric generator, the output power of the thermoelectric generator slowly decreases, while the output power of conventional thermoelectric generators decreases rapidly without the heat source. The additional air layer in the proposed thermoelectric generator disturbs the heat dissipation from the phase change materials, so the thermoelectric generator can maintain the power generation for longer without a heat source. The experimental results for the thermoelectric generator fabricated clearly show the latent heat effect of the phase change materials and the embedded air layer.

Sung-Eun Jo; Myoung-Soo Kim; Min-Ki Kim; Yong-Jun Kim

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Phase plate technology for laser marking of magnetic discs  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An advanced design for a phase plate enables the distribution of spots in arbitrarily shaped patterns with very high uniformity and with a continuously or near-continuously varying phase pattern. A continuous phase pattern eliminates large phase jumps typically expected in a grating that provides arbitrary shapes. Large phase jumps increase scattered light outside of the desired pattern, reduce efficiency and can make the grating difficult to manufacture. When manufacturing capabilities preclude producing a fully continuous grating, the present design can be easily adapted to minimize manufacturing errors and maintain high efficiencies. This continuous grating is significantly more efficient than previously described Dammann gratings, offers much more flexibility in generating spot patterns and is easier to manufacture and replicate than a multi-level phase grating. 3 figs.

Neuman, B.; Honig, J.; Hackel, L.; Dane, C.B.; Dixit, S.

1998-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

475

Phase plate technology for laser marking of magnetic discs  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An advanced design for a phase plate enables the distribution of spots in arbitrarily shaped patterns with very high uniformity and with a continuously or near-continuously varying phase pattern. A continuous phase pattern eliminates large phase jumps typically expected in a grating that provides arbitrary shapes. Large phase jumps increase scattered light outside of the desired pattern, reduce efficiency and can make the grating difficult to manufacture. When manufacturing capabilities preclude producing a fully continuous grating, the present design can be easily adapted to minimize manufacturing errors and maintain high efficiencies. This continuous grating is significantly more efficient than previously described Dammann gratings, offers much more flexibility in generating spot patterns and is easier to manufacture and replicate than a multi-level phase grating.

Neuman, Bill (Livermore, CA); Honig, John (Livermore, CA); Hackel, Lloyd (Livermore, CA); Dane, C. Brent (Livermore, CA); Dixit, Shamasundar (Livermore, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Lattice dynamics and phase diagram of aluminum at high temperatures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The dispersion of phonons in the fcc, hcp, and bcc phases of aluminum is calculated at ultrahigh pressures by the method of small displacements in a supercell. The stability of the phonon subsystem is studied. The thermodynamic characteristics are calculated in the quasi-harmonic approximation, and a phase diagram of aluminum is plotted. As compared to the Debye model, the use of a phonon spectrum calculated in the quasi-harmonic approximation significantly broadens the hcp phase field and strongly shifts the phase boundary between the fcc and bcc phases. The normal isentrope is calculated at megabar pressures. It is shown to intersect the fcc-hcp and hcp-bcc phase boundaries. The sound velocity along the normal isentrope is calculated. It is shown to have a nonmonotonic character.

Kudasov, Yu. B., E-mail: yu_kudasov@yahoo.com; Surdin, O. M.; Korshunov, A. S.; Pavlov, V. N. [National Research Nuclear University 'MEPhI,', Sarov State Institute of Physics and Technology (Russian Federation)] [National Research Nuclear University 'MEPhI,', Sarov State Institute of Physics and Technology (Russian Federation); Frolova, N. V.; Kuzin, R. S. [Russian Federal Nuclear Center-All-Russian Research Institute of Experimental Physics (Russian Federation)] [Russian Federal Nuclear Center-All-Russian Research Institute of Experimental Physics (Russian Federation)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

477

Phases of N=1 Supersymmetric Chiral Gauge Theories  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We analyze the phases of supersymmetric chiral gauge theories with an antisymmetric tensor and (anti)fundamental flavors, in the presence of a classically marginal superpotential deformation. Varying the number of flavors that appear in the superpotential reveals rich infrared chiral dynamics and novel dualities. The dualities are characterized by an infinite family of magnetic duals with arbitrarily large gauge groups describing the same fixed point, correlated with arbitrarily large classical global symmetries that are truncated nonperturbatively. At the origin of moduli space, these theories exhibit a phase with confinement and chiral symmetry breaking, an interacting nonabelian Coulomb phase, and phases where an interacting sector coexists with a sector that either s-confines or is in a free magnetic phase. Properties of these intriguing 'mixed phases' are studied in detail using duality and a-maximization, and the presence of superpotential interactions provides further insights into their formation.

Craig, Nathaniel; /Princeton, Inst. Advanced Study /Rutgers U., Piscataway; Essig, Rouven; /Princeton, Inst. Advanced Study /YITP, Stony Brook /SLAC /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Hook, Anson; Torroba, Gonzalo; /SLAC /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.

2012-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

478

The Mixed Phase of Charged AdS Black holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the mixed phase of charged AdS black hole and radiation when the total energy is fixed below the threshold to produce a stable charged black hole branch. The phase diagram of the mixed phase is demonstrated for both fixed potential and charge ensemble. In the dual gauge picture, they correspond to the mixed phase of quark-gluon plasma~(QGP) and hadron gas in the fixed chemical potential and density ensemble respectively. In the nuclei and heavy ion collisions at intermediate energies, the mixed phase of exotic QGP and hadron gas could be produced. The mixed phase will condensate and evaporate into the hadron gas as the fireball expands.

Piyabut Burikham; Chatchai Promsiri

2014-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

479

Phase Transition in Compact QED(3) and the Josephson Junction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the finite temperature phase transition in 2+1 dimensional compact QED and its dual theory: Josephson junction. Duality of these theories at zero temperature was established long time ago by Hosotani. Phase transition in compact QED is well studied and we employ the `duality' to study the superconductivity phase transition in a Josephson junction. For a thick junction we obtain a critical temperature in terms of the geometrical properties of the junction.

Vakif K. Onemli; Murat Tas; Bayram Tekin

2001-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

480

Magnetic properties of bi-phase micro- and nanotubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The magnetic configurations of bi-phase micro- and nanotubes consisting of a ferromagnetic internal tube, an intermediate non-magnetic spacer, and an external magnetic shell are investigated as a function of their geometry. Based on a continuum approach we obtained analytical expressions for the energy which lead us to obtain phase diagrams giving the relative stability of characteristic internal magnetic configurations of the bi-phase tubes.

J. Escrig; D. Altbir; K. Nielsch

2007-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

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481

2-D weighted least-squares phase unwrapping  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Weighted values of interferometric signals are unwrapped by determining the least squares solution of phase unwrapping for unweighted values of the interferometric signals; and then determining the least squares solution of phase unwrapping for weighted values of the interferometric signals by preconditioned conjugate gradient methods using the unweighted solutions as preconditioning values. An output is provided that is representative of the least squares solution of phase unwrapping for weighted values of the interferometric signals.

Ghiglia, Dennis C. (Placitas, NM); Romero, Louis A. (Albuquerque, NM)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

2-D weighted least-squares phase unwrapping  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Weighted values of interferometric signals are unwrapped by determining the least squares solution of phase unwrapping for unweighted values of the interferometric signals; and then determining the least squares solution of phase unwrapping for weighted values of the interferometric signals by preconditioned conjugate gradient methods using the unweighted solutions as preconditioning values. An output is provided that is representative of the least squares solution of phase unwrapping for weighted values of the interferometric signals. 6 figs.

Ghiglia, D.C.; Romero, L.A.

1995-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

483

Low-Energy Pion-Nucleon Scattering Phase Shifts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Low-energy pion-nucleon scattering phase shifts have been calculated using a model which includes only N, N*, ?, and ? intermediate states. This remarkably simple model yields good agreement with phase shifts determined from experimental data. There are two adjustable parameters in the model. The even s-wave scattering length fixes one of these, and the other is determined by the ?-nucleon magnetic moment coupling. The phase shifts are not sensitive to the choice of this coupling.

Binayak Dutta-Roy; I. Richard Lapidus; Menasha J. Tausner

1969-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

484

Phase Transitions and Bounds in Higgs-Boson Masses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Upper bounds on the critical temperature are found in terms of the Higgs-boson mass in SU(N) and SU(2) ? U(1) gauge theories. Also, an upper bound on the Higgs-boson mass as a function of the supercooling ratio is found, provided that quantum tunneling is not sufficient to complete the phase transition from a symmetric phase to a broken phase.

J. J. G. Scanio and P. Suranyi

1981-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

485

Phase-dependent coherent population trapping and optical switching  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We propose a scheme for achieving phase-dependent coherent population trapping, showing that both the dark state of the atoms and light propagation dynamics depend on the relative phase of the fields. The atomic coherence prepared via adiabatic process plays a key role in the interaction of light with matter. And an optical switching based on the phase-controlled quantum interference is implemented, which may have potential application in high-speed optical communications and quantum information systems.

Kou, J. [College of Physics, Jilin University, Changchun 130023 (China); Quantum Engineering Center, Beijing Institute of Control Device, Beijing 100854 (China); Wan, R. G.; Kang, Z. H.; Jiang, L.; Wang, L.; Jiang, Y.; Gao, J. Y. [College of Physics, Jilin University, Changchun 130023 (China)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

486

E-Print Network 3.0 - analysis phase ii Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Source: Ecole Polytechnique, Centre de mathmatiques Collection: Mathematics 39 www.praxair.com Low Cost Hydrogen Summary: 2004 2005 2006 Phase I Phase II Phase III 2002 Phase I...

487

Phase II Smart Grid Data Access Funding Opportunity Winner Announced  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Energy Department announced on December 19 that San Diego Gas & Electric has won the second phase of the Smart Grid Data Access funding opportunity.

488

dual-phase-ceramic-asu | netl.doe.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Targets Systems Analysis Regulatory Drivers Program Plan Capture Handbook Pre-Combustion Carbon Dioxide Capture by a New Dual-Phase Ceramic Carbonate Membrane Reactor Project No.:...

489

Optimal phase estimation for qubits in mixed states  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the optimal phase estimation for qubits in mixed states, for an arbitrary number of qubits prepared in the same state.

D'Ariano, Giacomo Mauro; Macchiavello, Chiara; Perinotti, Paolo [QUIT Group of the INFM, unita di Pavia and Dipartimento di Fisica 'A. Volta', via Bassi 6, I-27100 Pavia (Italy)

2005-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

490

National Labs Commission Phase I Public Schedule | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

National Labs Commission Phase I Public Schedule More Documents & Publications Hydrogen Generator Appliance Natural Gas and Hydrogen Infrastructure Opportunities Workshop Agenda...

491

BSU GHP District Heating and Cooling System (Phase I)  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

BSU GHP District Heating and Cooling System (Phase I) James Lowe Ball State University May 03, 2010 This presentation does not contain any proprietary confidential, or otherwise...

492

Technical feasibility of transition phase tests in TREAT. [LMFBR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Understanding the behavior of molten fuel-steel mixtures subjected to fission heating within a HCDA environment is essential to continuing the mechanistic description of the whole-core accident into the transition phase, and further to a permanent subcritical and safe fuel debris configuration. Fundamentally, the RX1 TREAT test will simulte the transition phase of a HCDA (the accident phase in which the fuel in individual subassemblies melts and becomes a heat-generating pool of molten fuel and boiling steel). This assessment of the feasibility of such a test indicates that a transition phase test can be achieved in TREAT, at power levels simulating decay heat.

Stewart, R.R.; Bauer, T.H.; Hoff, O.I.; Koyama, K.; Stephenson, M.E.; Kraft, T.E.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Macroencapsulation of Phase Change Materials for Thermal Energy Storage.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The use of a latent heat storage system using phase change materials (PCMs) is an effective way of storing thermal energy. Latent heat storage enables… (more)

Pendyala, Swetha

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

E-Print Network 3.0 - alpha phase dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

or dipalmitoylphosphatidylglycerol (DPPG) bilayers... -to-liquid-crystalline phase transition, the palmitoylated peptide inducing greater immobilisation of the lipid than does......

495

Protection of Li Anodes Using Dual Phase Electrolytes  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

cells with high energy anode and dual-phase electrolyte systems Partners BASF SE, Germany * Development of Li-S battery materials 3 Relevance. Project Objectives. * Develop a...

496

Application of Solar Distillation Systems with Phase Change Material Storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter presents the analysis of a solar distillation system with phase change material storage system. There is always a scarcity of...

S. K. Shukla

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

AN INVESTIGATION OF VOID FRACTION AND DISPERSED-PHASE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for calculations of flowing enthalpy. Experiments with temperature, resistivity and optical sensors have been................................................................................................................. 1 2. Background and Motivation .............................................................................................................. 15 4.1. Phase Discrimination Sensors

Stanford University

498

Naturally occurring crystalline phases: analogues for radioactive waste forms  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Naturally occurring mineral analogues to crystalline phases that are constituents of crystalline radioactive waste forms provide a basis for comparison by which the long-term stability of these phases may be estimated. The crystal structures and the crystal chemistry of the following natural analogues are presented: baddeleyite, hematite, nepheline; pollucite, scheelite;sodalite, spinel, apatite, monazite, uraninite, hollandite-priderite, perovskite, and zirconolite. For each phase in geochemistry, occurrence, alteration and radiation effects are described. A selected bibliography for each phase is included.

Haaker, R.F.; Ewing, R.C.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Video stabilization with sub-image phase correlation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A fast video stabilization method is presented, which consists of sub-image phase correlation based global motion estimation, Kalman filtering based motion smoothing and motion...

Zhu, Juanjuan; Guo, Baolong

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

DECOUPLED ENERGY STABLE SCHEMES FOR PHASE-FIELD ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For phase-field models which satisfy a dissipative energy law, it is especially de- sirable to design ...... Liquids, Wiley, New York, 1994. [5] F. Boyer and S.

2014-02-27T23:59:59.000Z