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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Thermal Management Using Carbon Nanotubes - Energy Innovation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thermal Management Using Carbon Nanotubes Oak Ridge National Laboratory Contact ORNL About This Technology Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotubes Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotubes...

2

Azobenzene-Functionalized Carbon Nanotubes As High-Energy Density Solar Thermal Fuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Azobenzene-Functionalized Carbon Nanotubes As High-Energy Density Solar Thermal Fuels ... Solar thermal fuels, which reversibly store solar energy in molecular bonds, are a tantalizing prospect for clean, renewable, and transportable energy conversion/storage. ... Here we present a novel solar thermal fuel, composed of azobenzene-functionalized carbon nanotubes, with the volumetric energy density of Li-ion batteries. ...

Alexie M. Kolpak; Jeffrey C. Grossman

2011-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

3

Nanotubes as Robust Thermal Conductors - Energy Innovation Portal  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Advanced Materials Advanced Materials Find More Like This Return to Search Nanotubes as Robust Thermal Conductors Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Contact LBL About This...

4

Molten Salt-Carbon Nanotube Thermal Energy Storage for Concentrating Solar Power Systems  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Molten Salt-Carbon Nanotube Thermal Energy Storage for Concentrating Solar Power Systems Molten Salt-Carbon Nanotube Thermal Energy Storage for Concentrating Solar Power Systems Final Report March 31, 2012 Michael Schuller, Frank Little, Darren Malik, Matt Betts, Qian Shao, Jun Luo, Wan Zhong, Sandhya Shankar, Ashwin Padmanaban The Space Engineering Research Center Texas Engineering Experiment Station Texas A&M University Abstract We demonstrated that adding nanoparticles to a molten salt would increase its utility as a thermal energy storage medium for a concentrating solar power system. Specifically, we demonstrated that we could increase the specific heat of nitrate and carbonate salts containing 1% or less of alumina nanoparticles. We fabricated the composite materials using both evaporative and air drying methods. We tested several thermophysical properties of the composite materials,

5

Acoustic energy dissipation and thermalization in carbon nanotubes: Atomistic modeling and mesoscopic description  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The exchange of energy between low-frequency mechanical oscillations and high-frequency vibrational modes in carbon nanotubes (CNTs) is a process that plays an important role in a range of dynamic phenomena involving the dissipation of mechanical energy in both individual CNTs and CNT-based materials. The rates and channels through which acoustic energy deposited instantaneously in individual CNTs is dissipated are investigated in a series of atomistic molecular dynamics simulations. Several distinct regimes of energy dissipation, dependent on the initial stretching or bending deformations, are established. The onset of axial or bending buckling marks the transition from a regime of slow thermalization to a regime in which the energy associated with longitudinal and bending oscillations is rapidly damped. In the case of stretching vibrations, an intermediate regime is revealed in which dynamic coupling between longitudinal vibrational modes and the radial “squash” mode causes delayed axial buckling followed by a rapid transfer of energy to high-frequency vibrations. The results of the atomistic simulations are used in the design and parameterization of a “heat bath” description of thermal energy in a mesoscopic model, which is capable of simulating systems consisting of thousands of interacting CNTs. Two complementary methods for the description of mechanical energy dissipation in the mesoscopic model are developed. The relatively slow dissipation of acoustic vibrations in the absence of buckling is described by adding a damping force to the equations of motion of the dynamic elements of the mesoscopic model. The sharp increase in the energy dissipation rate at the onset of buckling is reproduced by incorporating a hysteresis loop into the strain energy that accounts for localized thermalization in the vicinity of buckling kinks. The ability of the mesoscopic model to reproduce the complex multistep processes of acoustic energy dissipation predicted by the atomistic simulations is demonstrated in mesoscopic simulations of free stretching and bending vibrations of individual CNTs.

William M. Jacobs; David A. Nicholson; Hagit Zemer; Alexey N. Volkov; Leonid V. Zhigilei

2012-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

6

Temperature Dependence of the Optical Transition Energies of Carbon Nanotubes: The Role of Electron-Phonon Coupling and Thermal Expansion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Temperature Dependence of the Optical Transition Energies of Carbon Nanotubes: The Role of Electron to measure the optical transition energies Eii of individual single wall carbon nanotubes. Eii is observed of nanotubes we are able to use the temperature as a parame- ter to tune the electronic energies of nanotubes

Cronin, Steve

7

Acoustic energy dissipation and thermalization in carbon nanotubes: Atomistic modeling and mesoscopic description  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The exchange of energy between low-frequency mechanical oscillations and high-frequency vibrational modes in carbon nanotubes (CNTs) is a process that plays an important role in a range of dynamic phenomena involving the ...

Nicholson, David A.

8

Semiconductor Nanowires and Nanotubes for Energy Conversion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nanowires and Nanotubes for Energy Conversion By MelissaNanowires and Nanotubes for Energy Conversion by MelissaNanowires and Nanotubes for Energy Conversion by Melissa

Fardy, Melissa Anne

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Thermal properties of nanowires and nanotubes : modeling and experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nanowires and nanotubes have drawn a great deal of recent attention for such potential applications as lasers, transistors, biosensors, and thermoelectric energy converters. Although the thermal properties of nanowires can ...

Dames, Christopher Eric

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

A boron nitride nanotube peapod thermal rectifier  

SciTech Connect

The precise guidance of heat from one specific location to another is paramount in many industrial and commercial applications, including thermal management and thermoelectric generation. One of the cardinal requirements is a preferential conduction of thermal energy, also known as thermal rectification, in the materials. This study introduces a novel nanomaterial for rectifying heat—the boron nitride nanotube peapod thermal rectifier. Classical non-equilibrium molecular dynamics simulations are performed on this nanomaterial, and interestingly, the strength of the rectification phenomenon is dissimilar at different operating temperatures. This is due to the contingence of the thermal flux on the conductance at the localized region around the scatterer, which varies with temperature. The rectification performance of the peapod rectifier is inherently dependent on its asymmetry. Last but not least, the favourable rectifying direction in the nanomaterial is established.

Loh, G. C., E-mail: jgloh@mtu.edu [Department of Physics, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, Michigan 49931 (United States); Institute of High Performance Computing, 1 Fusionopolis Way, #16-16 Connexis, Singapore 138632 (Singapore); Baillargeat, D. [CNRS-International-NTU-Thales Research Alliance (CINTRA), 50 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 637553 (Singapore)

2014-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

11

Thermal conductance of buckled carbon nanotubes Fumio Nishimura1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with the strain energy generated in the buckle. Despite the highly stained deformation, the thermal resistance have motivated applications of carbon nanotubes as thermal interface materials [4-8] and additives in nanocomposites [9-12], in practice, one needs to consider various thermal resistances that manifest in the actual

Maruyama, Shigeo

12

Carbon Nanotubes: Thermal Properties Columbia University, New York, New York, U.S.A.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the low-energy excitations. In 3-D graphite, 2-D graphene, and nanotubes, phonons are the dominantCarbon Nanotubes: Thermal Properties J. Hone Columbia University, New York, New York, U.S.A. INTRODUCTION As nanoscale graphitic structures, carbon nanotubes are of great interest not only

Hone, James

13

Efficiency of a volumetric receiver using aqueous suspensions of multi-walled carbon nanotubes for absorbing solar thermal energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper analytically investigates the efficiency of a nanofluid volumetric receiver (NVR) for absorbing solar thermal energy considering the experimentally measured extinction coefficient of aqueous suspensions of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) according to the wavelength from 200 to 2000 nm. For this purpose, considering the spectral behavior of nanofluids, we obtained analytical solutions of temperature fields as well as the efficiency of the NVR based on the condition of fully developed flow between the two plates. The aqueous MWCNT nanofluids were prepared using the two-step method, and their extinction coefficients were experimentally measured by the UV/Vis/NIR spectrophotometer according to the wavelength. With the analytical equations, we identified those key engineering parameters that affect the efficiency of an NVR: the Nusselt number of heat loss, the concentration of nanoparticles, the Peclet number, and aspect ratio. Also, we systematically observed the effects of key engineering parameters on the temperature fields and on the efficiency of the NVR. The current results clearly show that the efficiency calculated under the assumption of plug-flow through an NVR reported by previous researchers is overestimated in the case of high heat loss. Moreover, the present results show that NVR efficiency is proportional to the Peclet number as well as to the concentration of nanoparticles, while it is inversely proportional to the Nusselt number of heat loss and aspect ratio. The results of this study may be helpful to design and predict the efficiency of an NVR.

Seung-Hyun Lee; Seok Pil Jang

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

THERMAL PROPERTIES OF SINGLE-WALLED CARBON NANOTUBES Shigeo MARUYAMA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, optical and mechanical properties, thermal properties of SWNTs are quite unique with the high thermal and thermal conductance between a nanotube and various materials are reviewed. The experimental approach, and thermal boundary resistance in a junction of nanotubes are reviewed. Then, the heat transfer from an SWNT

Maruyama, Shigeo

15

Thermal Management Using Graphene and Carbon-Nanotubes.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation investigates the application of graphene and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) for thermal management of high-power batteries and interconnects. The research is focused on three… (more)

Goli, Pradyumna

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Local Energy Gap in Deformed Carbon Nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Local Energy Gap in Deformed Carbon Nanotubes Ken-ichi Sasaki 1 *) Yoshiyuki...gap along the axis of a deformed nanotube. We compare our energy gap results...experimental data on energy gaps in nanotubes and peapods. We also discuss the......

Ken-ichi Sasaki; Yoshiyuki Kawazoe; Riichiro Saito

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

AQUIFER THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

using aquifers for thermal energy storage. Problems outlinedmatical Modeling of Thermal Energy Storage in Aquifers,"ings of Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage Workshop, Lawrence

Tsang, C.-F.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Seasonal thermal energy storage  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the following: (1) the US Department of Energy Seasonal Thermal Energy Storage Program, (2) aquifer thermal energy storage technology, (3) alternative STES technology, (4) foreign studies in seasonal thermal energy storage, and (5) economic assessment.

Allen, R.D.; Kannberg, L.D.; Raymond, J.R.

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Electronic, thermal and mechanical properties of carbon nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...This has led to the prediction that these defective nanotubes behave as the desired nanoscale...Haeckel (1862). These `ide- ally' defective tubes exhibit intriguing electronic properties...dt car- boncarbon energy overlap integral of...

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Fabrication of high thermal conductivity arrays of carbon nanotubes and their composites  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods and apparatus are described for fabrication of high thermal conductivity arrays of carbon nanotubes and their composites. A composition includes a vertically aligned nanotube array including a plurality of nanotubes characterized by a property across substantially all of the vertically aligned nanotube array. A method includes depositing a vertically aligned nanotube array that includes a plurality of nanotubes; and controlling a deposition rate of the vertically aligned nanotubes array as a function of an in situ monitored property of the plurality of nanotubes.

Geohegan, David B. (Knoxville, TN) [Knoxville, TN; Ivanov, Ilya N. (Knoxville, TN) [Knoxville, TN; Puretzky, Alexander A [Knoxville, TN

2010-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotube thermal energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Thermal expansion of multiwall carbon nanotube reinforced nanocrystalline silver matrix composite  

SciTech Connect

Multiwall carbon nanotube reinforced silver matrix composite was fabricated by novel molecular level mixing method, which involves nucleation of Ag ions inside carbon nanotube dispersion at the molecular level. As a result the carbon nanotubes get embedded within the powder rather than on the surfaces. Micro structural characterization by X- ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy reveals that the nanotubes are homogeneously dispersed and anchored within the matrix. The thermal expansion of the composite with the multiwall nanotube content (0, 1.5 vol%) were investigated and it is found that coefficient of thermal expansion decreases with the addition of multiwall nanotube content and reduce to about 63% to that of pure Ag.

Sharma, Manjula, E-mail: manjula.physics@gmail.com; Sharma, Vimal [Department of Physics, NIT Hamirpur - 177005, HP (India); Pal, Hemant [Department of Physics, NIT Hamirpur - 177005, HP, India and Department of Physics, Govt. College Chamba - 176310, HP (India)

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

22

Nanomechanical Energy Storage in Twisted Nanotube Ropes David Teich,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nanomechanical Energy Storage in Twisted Nanotube Ropes David Teich,1 Zacharias G. Fthenakis,2 2012) We determine the deformation energetics and energy density of twisted carbon nanotubes. The deformation energy of twisted nanotube ropes contains contributions associated not only with twisting but also

23

Experimental study of exiton binding energy in semiconducting carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Experimental study of exiton binding energy in semiconducting carbon nanotubes Nicolas Izard,1, 2 to the exciton binding energy of nanotubes. Electroabsorption is a powerfull technique which directly probe dimensional nanotube leads to strong electron-hole localiza- tion, with binding energy as high as 0.5 e

Maruyama, Shigeo

24

Influence of embedded-carbon nanotubes on the thermal properties of copper matrix nanocomposites processed  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-level mix- ing, exhibits CNTs homogeneously dispersed in the Cu matrix. Measured thermal conductivity: Metal matrix composites; Nanocomposite; Carbon and graphite; Thermal conductivity Carbon nanotubes (CNTs management applications, due to their extraordinarily low coefficient of thermal expan- sion (CTE) [1

Hong, Soon Hyung

25

Project Profile: Molten Salt-Carbon Nanotube Thermal Storage  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Texas Engineering Experiment Station (TEES), under the Thermal Storage FOA, created a composite thermal energy storage material by embedding nanoparticles in a molten salt base material.

26

Controlling the thermal contact resistance of a carbon nanotube heat spreader  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Controlling the thermal contact resistance of a carbon nanotube heat spreader Kamal H. Baloch,1 electron thermal microscopy shows that the thermal contact resistance of a nanotube weakly coupled to its Norvik Voskanian,2 and John Cumings2,a 1 Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Institute

Li, Teng

27

Thermal boundary resistance between single-walled carbon nanotubes and surrounding matrices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermal boundary resistance between single-walled carbon nanotubes and surrounding matrices Carl Keywords: carbon nanotube, thermal boundary resistance, molecular dynamics 1 #12;I. INTRODUCTION the thermal conductivity of insulating materials15,16 . The mechanical strength and light weight of polymers

Maruyama, Shigeo

28

HEATS: Thermal Energy Storage  

SciTech Connect

HEATS Project: The 15 projects that make up ARPA-E’s HEATS program, short for “High Energy Advanced Thermal Storage,” seek to develop revolutionary, cost-effective ways to store thermal energy. HEATS focuses on 3 specific areas: 1) developing high-temperature solar thermal energy storage capable of cost-effectively delivering electricity around the clock and thermal energy storage for nuclear power plants capable of cost-effectively meeting peak demand, 2) creating synthetic fuel efficiently from sunlight by converting sunlight into heat, and 3) using thermal energy storage to improve the driving range of electric vehicles (EVs) and also enable thermal management of internal combustion engine vehicles.

None

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

images/logoetsf Introduction Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy Applications: Nanotubes and Graphene Perspectives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

images/logoetsf Introduction Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy Applications: Nanotubes and Graphene excitations Francesco Sottile #12;Introduction Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy Applications: Nanotubes excitations Francesco Sottile #12;Introduction Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy Applications: Nanotubes

Botti, Silvana

30

Electrical and Thermal Experimental Characterization and Modeling of Carbon Nanotube/Epoxy Composites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The present work investigates the effect of carbon nanotube (CNT) inclusions on the electrical and thermal conductivity of a thermoset epoxy resin. The characterization of electrical and thermal conductivity of CNT/epoxy composites is presented...

Gardea, Frank

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

31

Infrared spectra of individual semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes: Testing the scaling of transition energies for large diameter nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of transition energies for large diameter nanotubes Matthew Y. Sfeir and James A. Misewich* Condensed Matter on the same individual nanotube over an energy range of 0.3­2.7 eV. We find that well-established energy scaling relations developed for nanotubes of smaller diameter are not consistent with the measured low-energy

Heinz, Tony F.

32

Impact energy dependence of defect formation in single-walled carbon nanotubes  

SciTech Connect

By employing atomistic simulations based on empirical potential and density-functional theory, we study the irradiation of single-walled carbon nanotubes with a carbon ion. According to different impact locations on the surface of the nanotube, the incident threshold energies of defects formation are predicted to be 19, 35 and 45 eV, respectively. Moreover, the displacement threshold energy is investigated by using the collision dynamical method, and a reasonable value 17.59 eV is clarified by eliminating the thermal effect induced by the collision. Finally, the formation energy of a single vacancy is calculated by the ab initio method.

Zhang, Chao [Beijing Normal University; Mao, Fei [Beijing Normal University; Zhang, Fenf-Shou [Beijing Normal University; Zhang, Yanwen [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Experimentally measured thermal transport properties of aluminum–polytetrafluoroethylene nanocomposites with graphene and carbon nanotube additives  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Reactive materials such as aluminum (Al) and polytetrafluoroethylene (Teflon) are used for energy generation applications and specifically in ordnance technologies. With the advent of nanotechnology various nano-scale additives have become incorporated into reactive material formulations with the hope of enhanced performance. An important component to the study of energy generation is an examination of energy transport through a reactant matrix. This study examines an experimental approach to quantifying thermal properties of an Al/Teflon nanocomposite reactant matrix that has been impregnated with carbon additives. Various structures of carbon are investigated and include amorphous nanoscale carbon spheres (nano C), graphene flakes and unaligned multiwalled carbon nanotubes (CNTs). The additives were selected based on their completely different structures with the hypothesis that the structure of the additive will influence the thermal transport properties of the matrix. Results show graphene has the greatest influence on the thermophysical properties. For example, thermal conductivity of the composites containing graphene increased by 98%. Graphene similarly enhanced the thermal diffusivity and specific heat of the Al/Teflon matrix. Conversely, nano C and \\{CNTs\\} decreased the thermal conductivity and thermal diffusivity of the samples significantly.

Keerti Kappagantula; Michelle L. Pantoya

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Solar Thermal Energy Storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Various types of thermal energy storage systems are introduced and their importance and desired characteristics are outlined. Sensible heat storage, which is one of the most commonly used storage systems in pract...

E. Paykoç; S. Kakaç

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Energy storage in carbon nanotube super-springs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new technology is proposed for lightweight, high density energy storage. The objective of this thesis is to study the potential of storing energy in the elastic deformation of carbon nanotubes (CNTs). Prior experimental ...

Hill, Frances Ann

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Improvement of the identification of multiwall carbon nanotubes carpet thermal conductivity by pulsed photothermal method  

SciTech Connect

Thermal properties in multiwall carbon nanotubes carpets and micro-devices are investigated using a nanosecond photothermal method. Gradually, the identification model and experimental protocol are performed to increase the method accuracy for the thermal conductivity determination. In the experimental protocol, a nanosecond UV monopulse laser beam is used to heat the surface of a multilayer (600 nm of Ti/20 {mu}m of carbon nanotube carpet) sample. In the 1D identification model with two layers and a thermal contact resistance, the effect of the laser excitation temporal shape is taken into account. In this study, this first approach allows to improve the accuracy of apparent thermal conductivity measurements of multiwall carbon nanotubes carpet. The carbon nanotubes carpet apparent thermal conductivity value went from being to 180 {+-} 5 W Multiplication-Sign m{sup -1} Multiplication-Sign K{sup -1}. In the second approach, two laser beams are coupled in order to increase the interaction time duration from 27 ns to 60 ns. It becomes possible to probe different depths in the carpet. The obtained value (180 W Multiplication-Sign m{sup -1} Multiplication-Sign K{sup -1}) confirms the pulsed photothermal method consistency for porous samples. Finally, assuming that the carbon nanotubes are parallel and without any defects, the equivalent intrinsic thermal conductivity of a single carbon nanotube is estimated to be around 3600 W Multiplication-Sign m{sup -1} Multiplication-Sign K{sup -1}.

Amin-Chalhoub, E.; Wattieaux, G.; Semmar, N.; Gaillard, M.; Petit, A.; Leborgne, C. [GREMI, Universite d'Orleans, CNRS UMR 6606, 14 rue d'Issoudun, BP 6744, 45067 Orleans (France)

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Multi-scale electrical and thermal properties of aligned multi-walled carbon nanotubes and their composites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are a potential new component to be incorporated into existing aerospace structural composites for multi-functional (mechanical, electrical, thermal, etc.) property enhancement and tailoring. ...

Yamamoto, Namiko

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Recycling of wasted energy : thermal to electrical energy conversion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

heat source can be solar thermal energy, biological thermaland concentrated solar thermal energy farms. They demandsources include solar thermal energy, geo-thermal energy,

Lim, Hyuck

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Infrared Spectra of Individual Semiconducting Single-walled Carbon Nanotubes: Testing the Scaling of Transition Energies for Large Diameter Nanotubes  

SciTech Connect

We have measured the low-energy excitonic transitions of chiral assigned individual large-diameter semiconducting single-walled nanotubes using a high-resolution Fourier transform photoconductivity technique. When photoconductivity is complemented by Rayleigh scattering spectroscopy, as many as five optical transitions can be identified on the same individual nanotube over an energy range of 0.3-2.7 eV. We find that well-established energy scaling relations developed for nanotubes of smaller diameter are not consistent with the measured low-energy transitions in large (1.8-2.3 nm) diameter nanotubes.

M Sfeir; J Misewich; S Rosenblatt; Y Wu; C Voisin; H Yan; S Berciaud; T Heinz; B Chandra; et al.

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

40

Thermal transpiration through single walled carbon nanotubes and graphene channels  

SciTech Connect

Thermal transpiration through carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and graphene channels is studied using molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. The system consists of two reservoirs connected by a CNT. It is observed that a flow is developed inside the CNT from the low temperature reservoir to the high temperature reservoir when the two reservoirs are maintained at different temperatures. The influence of channel size and temperature gradient on the mean velocity is analysed by varying the CNT diameter and the temperature of one of the reservoirs. Larger flow rate is observed in the smaller diameter CNTs showing an increase in the mean velocity with increase in the temperature gradient. For the flow developed inside the CNTs, slip boundaries occur and the slip length is calculated using the velocity profile. We examine the effect of fluid-wall interaction strength (?{sub fw}), diffusivity (D), and viscosity of the fluid (?) on the temperature induced fluid transport through the CNTs. Similar investigations are also carried out by replacing the CNT with a graphene channel. Results show that the mean velocity of the fluid atoms in the graphene channel is lower than that through the CNTs. This can be attributed to the higher degree of confinement observed in the CNTs.

Thekkethala, Joe Francis; Sathian, Sarith P., E-mail: sarith@nitc.ac.in [Computational Nanotechnology Laboratory, School of Nano Science and Technology, National Institute of Technology Calicut, Kozhikode, Kerala - 673601 (India)

2013-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotube thermal energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

NREL: Energy Storage - Energy Storage Thermal Management  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Storage Thermal Management Infrared image of rectangular battery cell. Infrared thermal image of a lithium-ion battery cell with poor terminal design. Graph of relative...

42

Thermal energy storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Various types of thermal stares for solar systems are surveyed which include: long-term water stores for solar systems; ground storage using soil as an interseasonal energy store; ground-water aquifers; pebble or rock bed storage; phase change storage; solar ponds; high temperature storage; and cold stores for solar air conditioning system. The use of mathematical models for analysis of the storage systems is considered

W.E.J. Neal

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE IN AQUIFERS WORKSHOP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Survey of Thermal Energy Storage in Aquifers Coupled withLow Temperature Thermal Energy Storage Program of Oak Ridgefor Seasonal Thermal Energy Storage: An Overview of the DOE-

Authors, Various

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE IN AQUIFERS WORKSHOP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scale Thermal Energy Storage for Cogeneration and Solarsolar captors, thermal effluents, low cost energy duringSeale Thermal Energy Storage for Cogeneration and Solar

Authors, Various

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE IN AQUIFERS WORKSHOP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Survey of Thermal Energy Storage in Aquifers Coupled withconcept of thermal energy storage in aquifers was suggestedAnnual Thermal Energy Storage Contractors' Information

Authors, Various

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Energy dispersion in graphene and carbon nanotubes and molecular encapsulation in nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Density-functional calculations of electronic and vibrational dispersion energies for pristine graphite monolayer (graphene) and single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) are presented. Optimized parameters for nonlocal norm-preserving pseudopotentials which replace the potential field due to core electrons are given. Comparison with observations, where available, is made. The effect of encapsulation of carbon nanotubes with an alkali-halide matrix is numerically investigated. The electronic band structure of encapsulated SWCNT is noticeably modified, as is its charge density, and hence its optical properties.

K. V. Christ and H. R. Sadeghpour

2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

47

Reflection high-energy electron diffraction from carbon nanotubes Jason T. Drotar,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reflection high-energy electron diffraction from carbon nanotubes Jason T. Drotar,1 B. Q. Wei,2 Y of the nanotubes was determined, from the energy-loss spectrum, to be 52 12 nm. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.64-walled carbon nanotubes using reflec- tion high-energy electron diffraction RHEED .9 However, it should

Wang, Gwo-Ching

48

Topological description of the Stone-Wales defect formation energy in carbon nanotubes and graphene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Topological description of the Stone-Wales defect formation energy in carbon nanotubes and graphene,10,12,16,18,26 The reported values for SW defect formation energies both in carbon nanotubes and graphene8 energies depend largely on the nanotube radius, the orientation of the dislocation dipole, and, to a lesser

Daw, Murray S.

49

Chirality Distribution and Transition Energies of Carbon Nanotubes J. Maultzsch,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chirality Distribution and Transition Energies of Carbon Nanotubes H. Telg,1 J. Maultzsch,1 S Raman scattering on isolated nanotubes we obtained the optical transition energies, the radial breathing the transition energies of both metallic and semiconducting nanotubes by resonant Raman spectroscopy. Plotting

Nabben, Reinhard

50

Mapping defects in a carbon nanotube by momentum transfer dependent electron energy loss spectromicroscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mapping defects in a carbon nanotube by momentum transfer dependent electron energy loss nanotubes Electron microscopy Electron energy loss spectroscopy q-dependence Electron linear dichroism a b s t r a c t Momentum resolved electron energy loss (EELS) spectra of multi-walled carbon nanotubes

Hitchcock, Adam P.

51

Local Field Effects in the Energy Transfer between a Chromophore and a Carbon Nanotube : a Single  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Local Field Effects in the Energy Transfer between a Chromophore and a Carbon Nanotube : a Single excitation of the nanotube and from energy transfer from the porphyrin. Polarization diagrams show that both porphyrin / carbon nanotube compounds that display efficient energy transfer : absorption in the porphyrin

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

52

Exciton binding energies in carbon nanotubes from two-photon photoluminescence J. Maultzsch,1,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Exciton binding energies in carbon nanotubes from two-photon photoluminescence J. Maultzsch,1, * R; their energy splitting is the fingerprint of excitonic interactions in carbon nanotubes. By ab initio experiment and theory we find binding energies of 0.3­0.4 eV for nanotubes with diameters between 6.8 and 9

Nabben, Reinhard

53

Exciton Energy Transfer in Pairs of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Exciton Energy Transfer in Pairs of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Huihong Qian, Carsten Georgi­3 At nanoscale distances, energy transfer from large to small band gap nanotubes is expected to occur to be quenched in bundles.7­10 Very recently, resonant exciton energy transfer between semiconducting nanotubes

Novotny, Lukas

54

Origin of the high-energy Raman modes in single-wall carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Origin of the high-energy Raman modes in single-wall carbon nanotubes J. Maultzsch, C. Thomsen, S nanotubes. Similar to the disorder-induced D mode, the high-energy modes are deter- mined by double of the first-order high-energy Raman modes in carbon nanotubes has been a puzzling question since the first

Nabben, Reinhard

55

Bonding in Sodium Chloride Nanotubes: A New Analysis via Madelung Constants and Cohesive Energies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Bonding in Sodium Chloride Nanotubes: A New Analysis via Madelung Constants and Cohesive Energies is introduced which employs a linear relationship between nanotube cohesive energies determined via Density between ionic and cohesive bonding energies indicate that, as the nanotubes become longer, ionic bonding

Hanusa, Christopher

56

Recycling of wasted energy : thermal to electrical energy conversion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nanoporous Thermal-to-Electrical Energy Conversion System (of Wasted Energy : Thermal to Electrical Energy Conversion AArticles: 1. “ Thermal to electrical energy conversion” , Yu

Lim, Hyuck

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Thermal Storage of Solar Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thermal storage is needed to improve the efficiency and usefulness of solar thermal systems. The paper indicates the main storage ... which would greatly increase the practical use of solar energy — is more diffi...

H. Tabor

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Recycling of wasted energy : thermal to electrical energy conversion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

solar radiation, and the geothermal energy. [16] Fig. 1.1.thermal energy, geothermal energy, wasted heat from athermal energy, geothermal energy, ocean thermal energy,

Lim, Hyuck

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Transmission electron energy-loss spectroscopy study of carbon nanotubes upon high temperature treatment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transmission electron energy-loss spectroscopy study of carbon nanotubes upon high temperature electron energy-loss spectroscopy study of carbon nanotubes upon high temperature treatment B. W. Reed, M of carbon nanotube materials, grown with a pulsed-laser deposition technique but purified and heat treated

Bertsch George F.

60

Fermi-Energy-Dependent Structural Deformation of Chiral Single-Wall Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work, we use an extended tight-binding approach for calculating the Fermi-energy dependence of the structural deformation of chiral single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWNTs). We show that, in general, nanotube strains ...

Vieira, Bruno G.?M.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotube thermal energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Monolithic three-dimensional electrochemical energy storage system on aerogel or nanotube scaffold  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A monolithic three-dimensional electrochemical energy storage system is provided on an aerogel or nanotube scaffold. An anode, separator, cathode, and cathodic current collector are deposited on the aerogel or nanotube scaffold.

Farmer, Joseph Collin; Stadermann, Michael

2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

62

Ocean Thermal Extractable Energy Visualization: Final Technical...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Ocean Thermal Extractable Energy Visualization: Final Technical Report Ocean Thermal Extractable Energy Visualization: Final Technical Report Report about the Ocean Thermal...

63

Enhancing thermal conductivity of fluids with graphite nanoparticles and carbon nanotube  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fluid media such as oil or water, and a selected effective amount of carbon nanomaterials necessary to enhance the thermal conductivity of the fluid. One of the preferred carbon nanomaterials is a high thermal conductivity graphite, exceeding that of the neat fluid to be dispersed therein in thermal conductivity, and ground, milled, or naturally prepared with mean particle size less than 500 nm, and preferably less than 200 nm, and most preferably less than 100 nm. The graphite is dispersed in the fluid by one or more of various methods, including ultrasonication, milling, and chemical dispersion. Carbon nanotubes with graphitic structure is another preferred source of carbon nanomaterial, although other carbon nanomaterials are acceptable. To confer long term stability, the use of one or more chemical dispersants is preferred. The thermal conductivity enhancement, compared to the fluid without carbon nanomaterial, is proportional to the amount of carbon nanomaterials (carbon nanotubes and/or graphite) added.

Zhang, Zhiqiang (Lexington, KY); Lockwood, Frances E. (Georgetown, KY)

2008-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

64

Recycling of wasted energy : thermal to electrical energy conversion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

power plants, solar thermal energy, geothermal energy, oceanpower plants, distributed solar thermal energy, geo/ocean-power plants [59]. Other LGH sources include solar thermal energy, geo-thermal energy, ocean

Lim, Hyuck

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Recycling of wasted energy : thermal to electrical energy conversion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

density, making direct thermal energy storage methods, e.g.reduced. Conventional thermal energy harvesting and storageharvesting, storage, and utilization of thermal energy has

Lim, Hyuck

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

The change of microstructure and thermal properties in ion irradiated carbon nanotube mats as a function of ion penetration depth  

SciTech Connect

A stack of three carbon nanotube (CNT) mats was irradiated with 3 MeV He ions. The change in structural and thermal properties of individual mats as a function of ion penetration depth was characterized using electron microscopy and laser flash techniques. Ion irradiation can enhance thermal conductivity of the mats by introducing inter-tube displacements, which improve phonon transport across adjacent nanotubes. The enhancement, however, is reduced at higher damage levels due to the increasing phonon-defect scattering within the tubes. This study demonstrates the feasibility of using ion irradiation to manipulate thermal transport in carbon nanotubes.

Aitkaliyeva, A. [Materials Science and Engineering Program, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843 (United States)] [Materials Science and Engineering Program, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843 (United States); Shao, L. [Materials Science and Engineering Program, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843 (United States) [Materials Science and Engineering Program, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843 (United States); Department of Nuclear Engineering, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843 (United States)

2013-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

67

Recycling of wasted energy : thermal to electrical energy conversion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

biological thermal energy, geothermal energy, wasted heatpower plants, solar thermal energy, geothermal energy, oceansolar radiation, and the geothermal energy. [16] Fig. 1.1.

Lim, Hyuck

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

The dependence on excitation energy of the D-mode in graphite and carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The dependence on excitation energy of the D-mode in graphite and carbon nanotubes C. Thomsen, S of carbon nanotubes as well. The corresponding calculated D-mode shift is shown explicitely in the nanotube is seven times narrower than in graphite as agrees with experiment. Graphite was first

Nabben, Reinhard

69

OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION PROGRAMMATIC ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) Draft Programmaticof ocean thermal energy conversion technology. U.S. Depart~on Ocean TherUial Energy Conversion, June 18, 1979. Ocean

Sands, M.Dale

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Morphology effects on non-isotropic thermal conduction of aligned single- and multi-walled carbon nanotubes in polymer nanocomposites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon nanotube (CNT)?CNT contact and CNT distribution effects on anisotropic thermal transport in aligned CNT?polymer nanocomposites (PNCs) are studied using an off-lattice Monte Carlo numerical simulation. Inter-CNT ...

Duong, Hai M.

71

Recycling of wasted energy : thermal to electrical energy conversion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Recycling of Wasted Energy : ThermalOF THE DISSERTATION Recycling of Wasted Energy : Thermal to

Lim, Hyuck

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Thermal decomposition of ethanol and growth of vertically aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes by alcohol catalytic chemical vapor deposition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermal decomposition of ethanol and growth of vertically aligned single-walled carbon nanotubes. In this study, we have investigated the thermal decomposition of ethanol at various temperatures, as well National Meeting, San Francisco, CA, September 10-14, 2006 1/1 PRES 29 - Thermal decomposition of ethanol

Maruyama, Shigeo

73

AQUIFER THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Zakhidov, 1971. "Storage of Solar Energy in a Sandy-Aquifer Storage of Hot Water from Solar Energy Collectors,"with solar energy systems, aquifer energy storage provides a

Tsang, C.-F.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

AQUIFER THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Zakhidov, 1971. "Storage of Solar Energy in a Sandy-Gravelwith solar energy systems, aquifer energy storage provides aAquifer Storage of Hot Water from Solar Energy Collectors,"

Tsang, C.-F.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Thermal Energy Storage Technologies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy, the lifeline of all activities is highly ... a country. The gap present between the energy generation and the energy consumption keeps expanding with a precipitous increase in the demand for the energy, e...

R. Parameshwaran; S. Kalaiselvam

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Recycling of wasted energy : thermal to electrical energy conversion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Other LGH sources include solar thermal energy, geo-thermalThe heat source can be solar thermal energy, biologicalsources include the coolants in coal and nuclear power plants, solar thermal energy,

Lim, Hyuck

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE IN AQUIFERS WORKSHOP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and J. Schwarz, Survey of Thermal Energy Storage in AquifersLow Temperature Thermal Energy Storage Program of Oak RidgeAquifers for Seasonal Thermal Energy Storage: An Overview of

Authors, Various

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Semiconductor Nanowires and Nanotubes for Energy Conversion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of applications, notably energy conversion. As researchnanowires for energy conversion. Chemical Reviews, 2010.Implications for solar energy conversion. Physical Review

Fardy, Melissa Anne

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Simulation of an asymmetric contacted carbon nanotube for solar-energy harvesting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nanostructured materials offer great prospects in helping solar-energy harvesting devices to achieve their envisioned performances. Carbon nanotubes (CNT)-based devices were among the...

Abdel Rahman, H; Kirah, K; Ghali, H; Anis, W

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

The Potential for Single-walled Carbon Nanotubes in Renewable Energy: Photovoltaics and Fuel Production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This presentation will detail our recent studies aimed at exploring how single-walled carbon nanotubes may be incorporated into sustainable energy conversion ...

Blackburn, Jeffrey

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotube thermal energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Carbon Nanotubes.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Carbon nanotubes have extraordinary mechanical, electrical, thermal andoptical properties. They are harder than diamond yet exible, have betterelectrical conductor than copper, but can also… (more)

Fredriksson, Tore

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Clean Nanotube Unzipping by Abrupt Thermal Expansion of Molecular Nitrogen: Graphene Nanoribbons with Atomically Smooth Edges  

SciTech Connect

We report a novel physicochemical route to produce highly crystalline nitrogen-doped graphene nanoribbons. The technique consists of an abrupt N2 gas expansion within the hollow core of nitrogen-doped multiwalled carbon nanotubes (CNx-MWNTs) when exposed to a fast thermal shock. The multiwalled nanotube unzipping mechanism is rationalized using molecular dynamics and density functional theory simulations, which highlight the importance of open-ended nanotubes in promoting the efficient introduction of N2 molecules by capillary action within tubes and surface defects, thus triggering an efficient and atomically smooth unzipping. The so-produced nanoribbons could be few-layered (from graphene bilayer onward) and could exhibit both crystalline zigzag and armchair edges. In contrast to methods developed previously, our technique presents various advantages: (1) the tubes are not heavily oxidized; (2) the method yields sharp atomic edges within the resulting nanoribbons; (3) the technique could be scaled up for the bulk production of crystalline nanoribbons from available MWNT sources; and (4) this route could eventually be used to unzip other types of carbon nanotubes or intercalated layered materials such as BN, MoS2, WS2, etc.

Sumpter, Bobby G [ORNL; Meunier, Vincent [ORNL; Terrones, M. [Universidad Carlos III, Madrid, Spain; Endo, M [Shinshu University; Munoz-Sandoval, Emilio [IPICyT; Kim, Y A [Shinshu University; Morelos-Bomez, Aaron [Shinshu University; Vega-Diaz, Sofia [Shinshu University

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Adhesion energy of single wall carbon nanotube loops on various substrates Department of Physics, Shaoxing University -508,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Adhesion energy of single wall carbon nanotube loops on various substrates Tianjun LI Department nanotube balances the deformation energy and the surface energy lost in this configuration, giving a estimated adhesion energy when ludovic.bellon@ens-lyon.fr mechanical properties of nanotube are assumed

Boyer, Edmond

84

Quantum efficiency of energy transfer in non-covalent carbon nanotube/porphyrin compounds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum efficiency of energy transfer in non-covalent carbon nanotube/porphyrin compounds C and the dynamics of the energy transfer. Photoluminescence (PL) experiments conducted on carbon nanotube) Abstract We report on the quantum yield of excitation energy transfer in non-covalently bound nan- otube

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

85

Highly nonlinear contact interaction and dynamic energy dissipation by forest of carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Highly nonlinear contact interaction and dynamic energy dissipation by forest of carbon nanotubes extracting force­ displacement curves and evaluating dissipated energy by the nanotubes. The contact force 92093-0411 (Received 2 August 2004; accepted 6 October 2004) Mechanical response and energy dissipation

Daraio, Chiara

86

Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes for High-Energy Optical Pulse Formation Yong-Won Song  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- 1 - Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes for High-Energy Optical Pulse Formation Yong-Won Song Center-Walled Carbon Nanotubes for High-Energy Optical Pulse Formation Authors: Yong-Won Song, Shinji Yamashita, Shigeo for Energy Materials Research, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Seoul 136-791, Korea E-mail: ysong

Maruyama, Shigeo

87

Definition: Thermal energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Thermal energy Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Thermal energy The kinetic energy associated with the random motions of the molecules of a material or object; often used interchangeably with the terms heat and heat energy. Measured in joules, calories, or Btu.[1][2][3] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Thermal energy is the part of the total potential energy and kinetic energy of an object or sample of matter that results in the system temperature. It is represented by the variable Q, and can be measured in Joules. This quantity may be difficult to determine or even meaningless unless the system has attained its temperature only through warming (heating), and not been subjected to work input or output, or any other

88

Ultrafast Nonlinear Spectroscopy of Semiconducting Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Exciton binding energies in carbon nanotubes from two-photonExciton binding energies in carbon nanotubes from two-photonoptical transition energies of carbon nanotubes: the role of

Graham, Matthew Werden

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Carbon nanotubes : synthesis, characterization, and applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of carbon nanotubes by transmission electron energy-lossEnergy Gaps in "Metallic" Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes.nanotubes, absorbance increases with increasing light energy

Deck, Christian Peter

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Energy relaxation of nonequilibrium electrons in a nanotube formed by a rolled-up quantum well  

SciTech Connect

The energy relaxation processes of excess electrons on the surface of a semiconductor nanotube are studied. A general analytical expression for the relaxation time of the energy of nonequilibrium electrons is derived taking into account possible intersubband transitions at an arbitrary ratio of nanotube and polaron radii r{sub 0}/r{sub p}. Numerical calculations for GaAs semiconductor nanotube are performed.

Seyid-Rzayeva, S. M., E-mail: s-nisa@rambler.ru [National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Institute of Physics (Azerbaijan)

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

91

Phase Change Materials for Thermal Energy Storage in Concentrated Solar Thermal Power Plants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ENERGY STORAGE FOR CONCENTRATING SOLAR POWER PLANTS,”Thermal Energy Storage in Concentrated Solar Thermal PowerThermal Energy Storage in Concentrated Solar Thermal Power

Hardin, Corey Lee

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Phase Change Materials for Thermal Energy Storage in Concentrated Solar Thermal Power Plants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CHANGE THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE FOR CONCENTRATING SOLAR POWERfor Thermal Energy Storage in Concentrated Solar Thermalfor Thermal Energy Storage in Concentrated Solar Thermal

Hardin, Corey Lee

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Phase Change Materials for Thermal Energy Storage in Concentrated Solar Thermal Power Plants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Background Solar thermal energy collection is anCHANGE THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE FOR CONCENTRATING SOLAR POWERfor Thermal Energy Storage in Concentrated Solar Thermal

Hardin, Corey Lee

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Sandia National Laboratories: solar thermal energy storage  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

thermal energy storage Sandia Solar Energy Test System Cited in National Engineering Competition On May 16, 2013, in Concentrating Solar Power, Energy, Energy Storage, Facilities,...

95

Effect of sintering on thermally sprayed carbon nanotube reinforced aluminum nanocomposite  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Reconsolidation of thermally spray formed (plasma and high velocity oxyfuel spraying) hypereutectic Al–Si nanocomposites with multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) reinforcement was carried out by inert atmosphere sintering for prolonged time periods. The sintering treatment resulted in the removal of porosity and residual stress, and increase in size and volume fraction of primary Si particles in the Al–Si matrix. The morphology of multiwalled carbon nanotubes in sintered nanocomposites remained unchanged after sintering. The interfacial ultrathin product layer of silicon carbide between MWCNT reinforcement and Al–Si matrix was unaltered. Microhardness and elastic modulus of the sintered nanocomposites were influenced by combined effect of multiple factors, i.e. reduction in porosity, residual stress removal and MWCNT distribution. Overall improvement of microhardness and elastic modulus of the sintered nanocomposites was observed. The experimentally measured elastic modulus values were compared with theoretically estimated values using micromechanics models.

T. Laha; A. Agarwal

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Thermal motion of carbon clusters and production of carbon nanotubes by gravity-free arc discharge  

SciTech Connect

Thermal and diffusion properties of hot gas around a dc arc discharge under a gravity-free condition are investigated using a jet plane in order to improve the arc production of carbon clusters. Spherically symmetric temperature distribution of He gas around the arc plasma and monotonic slow expansion of the high-temperature region are observed. By means of the passive-type Mie scattering method, random slow diffusion of carbon clusters around the arc plasma is clearly observed under the gravity-free condition. This indicates that carbon clusters including single-walled carbon nanotubes are synthesized around the arc plasma where the He temperature is higher than 1000 K. It is confirmed that large bundles of fatter single-walled carbon nanotubes are produced under the gravity-free condition.

Mieno, T.; Takeguchi, M. [Department of Physics, Shizuoka University, Ooya, Suruga-ku, Shizuoka 422-8529 (Japan); National Institute for Material Science, Sakura, Tsukuba 305-0003 (Japan)

2006-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

97

PHYSICAL REVIEW B 88, 245402 (2013) Limits of mechanical energy storage and structural changes in twisted carbon nanotube ropes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are equivalent to a torsional spring capable of storing energy. The advantage of carbon nanotubes over a twisted reversibly store energy by twisting, stretching, bending, and compressing constituent nanotubes. We find conditions, the calculated reversible mechanical energy storage capacity of twisted carbon nanotube ropes

Tománek, David

98

Linear Relationship Between Weighted-Average Madelung and Density Functional Theory Energies for MgO Nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energies for MgO Nanotubes Journal: The Journal of Physical Chemistry Manuscript ID: jp-2012-08041d.R1 Constants and Density Functional Theory Energies for MgO Nanotubes Mark D. Baker,*1 A. David Baker2 , Jane-average Madelung constants of MgO nanotubes correlate in an essentially perfectly linear way with cohesive energies

Hanusa, Christopher

99

Strain energy minimum and vibrational properties of single-walled aluminosilicate nanotubes Suchitra Konduri, Sanjoy Mukherjee, and Sankar Nair*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Strain energy minimum and vibrational properties of single-walled aluminosilicate nanotubes study the origin of the strain energy minimum in a single-walled aluminosilicate nanotube via a har- persity in the nanotube diameter is explained in terms of a minimum in the strain energy due

Nair, Sankar

100

High-Energy Phonon Branches of an Individual Metallic Carbon Nanotube J. Maultzsch,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High-Energy Phonon Branches of an Individual Metallic Carbon Nanotube J. Maultzsch,1 S. Reich,1 U, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany (Received 13 December 2002; published 19 August 2003) We present excitation-energy dependent Raman measurements between 2.05 and 2.41 eVon the same individual carbon nanotube. We find

Nabben, Reinhard

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotube thermal energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

CARBON NANOTUBE USED FOR ENERGY STORAGE David S. Lashmore, PhD CTO, co-founder  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CARBON NANOTUBE USED FOR ENERGY STORAGE David S. Lashmore, PhD CTO, co-founder Nanocomp Technologies 57 Daniel Webster Hwy Merrimack, NH 03054 Carbon nanotubes are now made directly in the form electrodes so that thin high-energy batteries can be made conformal and load bearing. (2) Since the copper

New Hampshire, University of

102

Adhesion energy in carbon nanotube-polyethylene composite: Effect of chirality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Adhesion energy in carbon nanotube-polyethylene composite: Effect of chirality M. Al-Haik and M. Y 2005 This work presents a study of the adhesion energy between carbon nanotube-polyethylene matrix adhesion bonds to the polyethylene matrix. © 2005 American Institute of Physics. DOI: 10.1063/1.1868060 I

Garmestani, Hamid

103

Remarkable Reduction of Thermal Conductivity in Silicon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

localization, thermoelectric material T hermoelectric (TE) materials can provide electricity when subjected materials can be characterized by the dimen- sionless thermoelectric figure of merit ZT ) S2 T/, where S to be responsible for the reduction of thermal conductivity. Our study suggests SiNT is a promising thermoelectric

Li, Baowen

104

LDRD final report : energy conversion using chromophore-functionalized carbon nanotubes.  

SciTech Connect

With the goal of studying the conversion of optical energy to electrical energy at the nanoscale, we developed and tested devices based on single-walled carbon nanotubes functionalized with azobenzene chromophores, where the chromophores serve as photoabsorbers and the nanotube as the electronic read-out. By synthesizing chromophores with specific absorption windows in the visible spectrum and anchoring them to the nanotube surface, we demonstrated the controlled detection of visible light of low intensity in narrow ranges of wavelengths. Our measurements suggested that upon photoabsorption, the chromophores isomerize to give a large change in dipole moment, changing the electrostatic environment of the nanotube. All-electron ab initio calculations were used to study the chromophore-nanotube hybrids, and show that the chromophores bind strongly to the nanotubes without disturbing the electronic structure of either species. Calculated values of the dipole moments supported the notion of dipole changes as the optical detection mechanism.

Vance, Andrew L.; Zifer, Thomas; Zhou, Xinjian; Leonard, Francois Leonard; Wong, Bryan Matthew; Kane, Alexander; Katzenmeyer, Aaron Michael; Krafcik, Karen Lee

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Driving force of water entry into hydrophobic channels of carbon nanotubes: entropy or energy?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spontaneous entry of water molecules inside single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) has been confirmed by both simulations and experiments. Using molecular dynamics simulations, we have studied the thermodynamics of filling of a (6,6) carbon nanotube in a temperature range from 273 to 353 K and with different strengths of the nanotube-water interaction. From explicit energy and entropy calculations using the two-phase thermodynamics method, we have presented a thermodynamic understanding of the filling behaviour of a nanotube. We show that both the energy and the entropy of transfer decrease with increasing temperature. On the other hand, scaling down the attractive part of the carbon-oxygen interaction results in increased energy of transfer while the entropy of transfer increases slowly with decreasing the interaction strength. Our results indicate that both energy and entropy favour water entry into (6,6) SWCNTs. Our results are compared with those of several recent studies of water entry into carbon nanotub...

Kumar, Hemant; Maiti, Prabal K

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Thermal Imaging Technique for Measuring Mixing of Fluids - Energy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solar Thermal Solar Thermal Energy Analysis Energy Analysis Building Energy Efficiency Building Energy Efficiency Find More Like This Return to Search Thermal Imaging Technique for...

107

Biomass Thermal Energy Council (BTEC) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biomass Thermal Energy Council (BTEC) Biomass Thermal Energy Council (BTEC) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Biomass Thermal Energy Council (BTEC) Agency/Company /Organization: Biomass Thermal Energy Council (BTEC) Partner: International Trade Administration Sector: Energy Focus Area: Biomass, - Biomass Combustion, - Biomass Gasification, - Biomass Pyrolysis, - Biofuels Phase: Determine Baseline, Evaluate Options, Develop Goals Resource Type: Guide/manual User Interface: Website Website: www.biomassthermal.org Cost: Free The Biomass Thermal Energy Council (BTEC) website is focused on biomass for heating and other thermal energy applications, and includes links to numerous reports from various agencies around the world. Overview The Biomass Thermal Energy Council (BTEC) website is focused on biomass for

108

Energy Carrier Transport In Surface-Modified Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of organic molecules or inorganic nanoparticles, debundling of nanotubes by dispersing agents, and microwave irradiation. Because carbon nanotubes have unique carrier transport characteristics along a sheet of graphite in a cylindrical shape, the properties...

Ryu, Yeontack

2012-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

109

Thermal and non-thermal energies in solar flares  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The energy of the thermal flare plasma and the kinetic energy of the non-thermal electrons in 14 hard X-ray peaks from 9 medium-sized solar flares have been determined from RHESSI observations. The emissions have been carefully separated in the spectrum. The turnover or cutoff in the low-energy distribution of electrons has been studied by simulation and fitting, yielding a reliable lower limit to the non-thermal energy. It remains the largest contribution to the error budget. Other effects, such as albedo, non-uniform target ionization, hot target, and cross-sections on the spectrum have been studied. The errors of the thermal energy are about equally as large. They are due to the estimate of the flare volume, the assumption of the filling factor, and energy losses. Within a flare, the non-thermal/thermal ratio increases with accumulation time, as expected from loss of thermal energy due to radiative cooling or heat conduction. Our analysis suggests that the thermal and non-thermal energies are of the same magnitude. This surprising result may be interpreted by an efficient conversion of non-thermal energy to hot flare plasma.

Pascal Saint-Hilaire; Arnold O. Benz

2005-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

110

Phase Change Materials for Thermal Energy Storage in Concentrated Solar Thermal Power Plants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PHASE CHANGE THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE FOR CONCENTRATING SOLARChange Materials for Thermal Energy Storage in ConcentratedChange Materials for Thermal Energy Storage in Concentrated

Hardin, Corey Lee

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Microwavable thermal energy storage material  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A microwavable thermal energy storage material is provided which includes a mixture of a phase change material and silica, and a carbon black additive in the form of a conformable dry powder of phase change material/silica/carbon black, or solid pellets, films, fibers, moldings or strands of phase change material/high density polyethylene/ethylene-vinyl acetate/silica/carbon black which allows the phase change material to be rapidly heated in a microwave oven. The carbon black additive, which is preferably an electrically conductive carbon black, may be added in low concentrations of from 0.5 to 15% by weight, and may be used to tailor the heating times of the phase change material as desired. The microwavable thermal energy storage material can be used in food serving applications such as tableware items or pizza warmers, and in medical wraps and garments.

Salyer, Ival O. (Dayton, OH)

1998-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

112

Microwavable thermal energy storage material  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A microwavable thermal energy storage material is provided which includes a mixture of a phase change material and silica, and a carbon black additive in the form of a conformable dry powder of phase change material/silica/carbon black, or solid pellets, films, fibers, moldings or strands of phase change material/high density polyethylene/ethylene vinyl acetate/silica/carbon black which allows the phase change material to be rapidly heated in a microwave oven. The carbon black additive, which is preferably an electrically conductive carbon black, may be added in low concentrations of from 0.5 to 15% by weight, and may be used to tailor the heating times of the phase change material as desired. The microwavable thermal energy storage material can be used in food serving applications such as tableware items or pizza warmers, and in medical wraps and garments. 3 figs.

Salyer, I.O.

1998-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

113

Development of the market of thermal energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Specific features relating to development of the market of thermal energy and its management structure are considered, and...

V. A. Koksharov

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

High Energy Density Utracapacitors: Low-Cost, High Energy and Power Density, Nanotube-Enhanced Ultracapacitors  

SciTech Connect

Broad Funding Opportunity Announcement Project: FastCAP is improving the performance of an ultracapacitor—a battery-like electronic device that can complement, and possibly even replace, an HEV or EV battery pack. Ultracapacitors have many advantages over conventional batteries, including long lifespans (over 1 million cycles, as compared to 10,000 for conventional batteries) and better durability. Ultracapacitors also charge more quickly than conventional batteries, and they release energy more quickly. However, ultracapacitors have fallen short of batteries in one key metric: energy density—high energy density means more energy storage. FastCAP is redesigning the ultracapacitor’s internal structure to increase its energy density. Ultracapacitors traditionally use electrodes made of irregularly shaped, porous carbon. FastCAP’s ultracapacitors are made of tiny, aligned carbon nanotubes. The nanotubes provide a regular path for ions moving in and out of the ultracapacitor’s electrode, increasing the overall efficiency and energy density of the device.

None

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Anomalous thermal conduction characteristics of phase change composites with single walled carbon nanotube inclusions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the phase change materials, because low thermal conductivity hinders the rate of energy storage and release of the new way of improving the thermal conductivity of phase change materials by seeding nano materials way to manipulate the thermal conductivity of nano composites using one dimensional nano material

Maruyama, Shigeo

116

Energy-Density Enhancement of Carbon-Nanotube-Based Supercapacitors with Redox Couple in Organic Electrolyte  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy-Density Enhancement of Carbon-Nanotube-Based Supercapacitors with Redox Couple in Organic Electrolyte ... The redox molecule also contributes to increasing the cell capacitance by a faradaic redox reaction, and therefore the energy density of the supercapacitor can be significantly increased. ... More specifically, the addition of redox-active decamethylferrocene in an organic electrolyte results in an approximately 27-fold increase in the energy density of carbon-nanotube-based supercapacitors. ...

Jinwoo Park; Byungwoo Kim; Young-Eun Yoo; Haegeun Chung; Woong Kim

2014-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

117

Thermal and non-thermal energies in solar flares  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The energy of the thermal flare plasma and the kinetic energy of the non-thermal electrons in 14 hard X-ray peaks from 9 medium-sized solar flares have been determined from RHESSI observations. The emissions have been carefully separated in the spectrum. The turnover or cutoff in the low-energy distribution of electrons has been studied by simulation and fitting, yielding a reliable lower limit to the non-thermal energy. It remains the largest contribution to the error budget. Other effects, such as albedo, non-uniform target ionization, hot target, and cross-sections on the spectrum have been studied. The errors of the thermal energy are about equally as large. They are due to the estimate of the flare volume, the assumption of the filling factor, and energy losses. Within a flare, the non-thermal/thermal ratio increases with accumulation time, as expected from loss of thermal energy due to radiative cooling or heat conduction. Our analysis suggests that the thermal and non-thermal energies are of the same m...

Saint-Hilaire, P; Saint-Hilaire, Pascal; Benz, Arnold O.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Thermal Energy Storage for Cooling of Commercial Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Commercial Building Thermal Energy _Storage in ASEANGas Electric Company, "Thermal Energy Storage for Cooling,"LBL--25393 DE91 ,THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE FOR COOLING OF

Akbari, H.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION: AN OVERALL ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1980. Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Draft ProgrammaticPlan. Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion. U.S. DOE Assistantl OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION: ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT

Sands, M.Dale

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION (OTEC) PROGRAMMATIC ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of ocean thermal energy conversion technology. U.S. DOE.ocean thermal energy conversion. A preliminary engineeringCompany. Ocean thermal energy conversion mission analysis

Sands, M. D.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotube thermal energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION (OTEC) PILOT PLANTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Commercial ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) plants byFifth Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Conference, February1980. Ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) pilot plant

Sullivan, S.M.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

DRAFT. ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION (OTEC) PILOT PLANTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Commercial ocean thermal energy conversion ( OTEC) plants byfield of ocean thermal energy conversion discharges. I~. L.Sixth Ocean Thermal Energy conversion Conference. June 19-

Sullivan, S.M.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Thermal Energy Storage in Adsorbent Beds .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Total produced energy in the world is mostly consumed as thermal energy which is used for space or water heating. Currently, more than 85% of… (more)

Ugur, Burcu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE IN AQUIFERS WORKSHOP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Thermal Energy Energy Sources o Solar Heat o Winter Coldusual Solar Energy System which uses only a heat source andsources and heat sinks not found anywhere else. Furthermore even where Solar energy

Authors, Various

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion LUIS A. VEGA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion LUIS A. VEGA Hawaii Natural Energy Institute, School of Ocean depths of 20 m (surface water) and 1,000 m. OTEC Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion, the process Energy Conversion. At first, OTEC plantships providing electricity, via submarine power cables, to shore

126

Interfacial phenomena in thermally sprayed multiwalled carbon nanotube reinforced aluminum nanocomposite  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The interfacial phenomena in thermally sprayed (plasma and high-velocity oxyfuel spraying) hypereutectic Al–Si composite with multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) reinforcement have been analyzed both theoretically and experimentally. The formation of an ultrathin ?-SiC reaction layer at the interface is confirmed. Plasma sprayed composite exhibits a thicker SiC layer (?5 nm) than the high-velocity oxyfuel sprayed composite (?2 nm). The presence of SiC layer formation is also corroborated in a chemical vapor deposition experiment where Si was deposited on MWCNTs. The formation of ?-SiC is responsible for the improved wettability of the molten Al–Si alloy matrix with MWCNT reinforcement.

T. Laha; S. Kuchibhatla; S. Seal; W. Li; A. Agarwal

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Thermal Energy Systems | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Systems Energy Systems Jump to: navigation, search Name Thermal Energy Systems Place London, United Kingdom Sector Biomass Product UK based company that constructs and installs boilers for biomass projects. Coordinates 51.506325°, -0.127144° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":51.506325,"lon":-0.127144,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

128

Solar energy thermalization and storage device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A passive solar thermalization and thermal energy storage assembly which is visually transparent. The assembly consists of two substantial parallel, transparent wall members mounted in a rectangular support frame to form a liquid-tight chamber. A semitransparent thermalization plate is located in the chamber, substantially paralled to and about equidistant from the transparent wall members to thermalize solar radiation which is stored in a transparent thermal energy storage liquid which fills the chamber. A number of the devices, as modules, can be stacked together to construct a visually transparent, thermal storage wall for passive solar-heated buildings.

McClelland, John F. (Ames, IA)

1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Project Profile: Sensible Heat, Direct, Dual-Media Thermal Energy...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Sensible Heat, Direct, Dual-Media Thermal Energy Storage Module Acciona logo Acciona Solar, under the Thermal Storage FOA, plans to develop a prototype thermal energy storage...

130

Graphene/Carbon Nanotube Films Prepared by Solution Casting for Electrochemical Energy Storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Graphene oxide/carbon nanotube (GO/CNT) films with different CNT contents were prepared by a solution-casting method. The oxygen-containing groups on the GO/CNT films were removed by thermal annealing at 200 °C and the corresponding hybrid ...

Juan-Juan Li; Yan-Wen Ma; Xu Jiang; Xiao-Miao Feng; Qu-Li Fan; Wei Huang

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Performance evaluation of thermal energy storage systems;.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Solar thermal technologies are promising, given the fact that solar newlineenergy is the cheapest and most widely available of all renewable energy newlinetechnologies. The recent… (more)

Ramana A S

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Ocean Thermal Extractable Energy Visualization: Final Technical...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited OCEAN THERMAL EXTRACTABLE ENERGY VISUALIZATION Award DE-EE0002664 October 28, 2012 Final Technical Report Prepared by...

133

Carbonate-salt-based composite materials for medium- and high-temperature thermal energy storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper discusses composite materials based on inorganic salts for medium- and high-temperature thermal energy storage application. The composites consist of a phase change material (PCM), a ceramic material, and a high thermal conductivity material. The ceramic material forms a microstructural skeleton for encapsulation of the PCM and structural stability of the composites; the high thermal conductivity material enhances the overall thermal conductivity of the composites. Using a eutectic salt of lithium and sodium carbonates as the PCM, magnesium oxide as the ceramic skeleton, and either graphite flakes or carbon nanotubes as the thermal conductivity enhancer, we produced composites with good physical and chemical stability and high thermal conductivity. We found that the wettability of the molten salt on the ceramic and carbon materials significantly affects the microstructure of the composites.

Zhiwei Ge; Feng Ye; Hui Cao; Guanghui Leng; Yue Qin; Yulong Ding

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Thermal Energy Transport in Nanostructured Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thermal Energy Transport in Nanostructured Materials Thermal Energy Transport in Nanostructured Materials Speaker(s): Ravi Prasher Date: August 25, 2008 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Ashok Gadgil World energy demand is expected to reach ~30 TW by 2050 from the current demand of ~13 TW. This requires substantial technological innovation. Thermal energy transport and conversion play a very significant role in more than 90% of energy technologies. All four modes of thermal energy transport, conduction, convection, radiation, and phase change (e.g. evaporation/boiling) are important in various energy technologies such as vapor compression power plants, refrigeration, internal combustion engines and building heating/cooling. Similarly thermal transport play a critical role in electronics cooling as the performance and reliability of

135

Thermal Properties of Metal-Coated Vertically-Aligned Single Wall Nanotube Films M. Panzer, G. Zhang, D. Mann, X. Hu, E. Pop, H. Dai, and K. E. Goodson  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

materials. Keywords: Vertically-aligned Carbon Nanotubes, Thermal Interface Resistance, Thermoreflectance interface materials (TIMs). While there has been much previous research on carbon nanotube thermal properties including their interface resistances. The data show the total thermal resistance of the TIM is R

Zhang, Guangyu

136

Assessment of ocean thermal energy conversion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) is a promising renewable energy technology to generate electricity and has other applications such as production of freshwater, seawater air-conditioning, marine culture and chilled-soil ...

Muralidharan, Shylesh

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Precision cutting of nanotubes with a low-energy electron beam T. D. Yuzvinsky, A. M. Fennimore, W. Mickelson, C. Esquivias, and A. Zettla  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Precision cutting of nanotubes with a low-energy electron beam T. D. Yuzvinsky, A. M. Fennimore, W remove material from carbon and boron nitride nanotubes using the low-energy focused electron beam nanotubes are controllably damaged using the low-energy focused electron beam of a scanning electron

Yuzvinsky, Tom

138

Strong electron-phonon coupling of the high-energy modes of carbon nanotubes M. Machn,1 S. Reich,2 and C. Thomsen1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Strong electron-phonon coupling of the high-energy modes of carbon nanotubes M. MachĂłn,1 S. Reich,2 of the totally symmetric high-energy vibrational modes of carbon nanotubes. The matrix elements depend, for achiral nanotubes, only one of the graphite-derived high-energy modes is totally symmetric, the other

Nabben, Reinhard

139

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Thermal Energy Conversion Basics Thermal Energy Conversion Basics Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Basics August 16, 2013 - 4:22pm Addthis A process called ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) uses the heat energy stored in the Earth's oceans to generate electricity. OTEC works best when the temperature difference between the warmer, top layer of the ocean and the colder, deep ocean water is about 36°F (20°C). These conditions exist in tropical coastal areas, roughly between the Tropic of Capricorn and the Tropic of Cancer. To bring the cold water to the surface, ocean thermal energy conversion plants require an expensive, large-diameter intake pipe, which is submerged a mile or more into the ocean's depths. Some energy experts believe that if ocean thermal energy conversion can become cost-competitive with conventional power technologies, it could be

140

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Basics | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Thermal Energy Conversion Basics Thermal Energy Conversion Basics Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Basics August 16, 2013 - 4:22pm Addthis A process called ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) uses the heat energy stored in the Earth's oceans to generate electricity. OTEC works best when the temperature difference between the warmer, top layer of the ocean and the colder, deep ocean water is about 36°F (20°C). These conditions exist in tropical coastal areas, roughly between the Tropic of Capricorn and the Tropic of Cancer. To bring the cold water to the surface, ocean thermal energy conversion plants require an expensive, large-diameter intake pipe, which is submerged a mile or more into the ocean's depths. Some energy experts believe that if ocean thermal energy conversion can become cost-competitive with conventional power technologies, it could be

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotube thermal energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Binding energies and electronic structures of adsorbed titanium chains on carbon nanotubes Chih-Kai Yang,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Binding energies and electronic structures of adsorbed titanium chains on carbon nanotubes Chih studied the binding energies and electronic structures of metal Ti, Al, Au chains adsorbed on single in nanoscale materials and devices. A nanotube with adsorbed materials may also significantly changes its physi

142

Radial breathing mode of single-walled carbon nanotubes: Optical transition energies and chiral-index assignment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Radial breathing mode of single-walled carbon nanotubes: Optical transition energies and chiral of carbon nanotubes in aqueous suspen- sions by resonant Raman scattering of the radial breathing mode. We determine the energies of the first optical transition in metallic tubes and of the second optical

Nabben, Reinhard

143

Carbon Nanotube Membranes: Carbon Nanotube Membranes for Energy-Efficient Carbon Sequestration  

SciTech Connect

Broad Funding Opportunity Announcement Project: Porifera is developing carbon nanotube membranes that allow more efficient removal of CO2 from coal plant exhaust. Most of today’s carbon capture methods use chemical solvents, but capture methods that use membranes to draw CO2 out of exhaust gas are potentially more efficient and cost effective. Traditionally, membranes are limited by the rate at which they allow gas to flow through them and the amount of CO2 they can attract from the gas. Smooth support pores and the unique structure of Porifera’s carbon nanotube membranes allows them to be more permeable than other polymeric membranes, yet still selective enough for CO2 removal. This approach could overcome the barriers facing membrane-based approaches for capturing CO2 from coal plant exhausts.

None

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Mostly about USA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion History Mostly about USA 1980's to 1990's and bias towards Vega or other energy carriers to be delivered to shore... 13luisvega@hawaii.edu #12;US Federal Government OTEC period estimated at 3 to 4 years. #12;luisvega@hawaii.edu 20 Energy Carriers · OTEC energy could

145

Energy Transfer from an Individual Quantum Dot to a Carbon Nanotube  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

saturation of the energy transfer efficiency at 96%, seemingly independent of CNT chirality. KEYWORDS NanoEnergy Transfer from an Individual Quantum Dot to a Carbon Nanotube Eyal Shafran, Benjamin D. Mangum, and Jordan M. Gerton* Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Utah, Salt Lake City

Gerton, Jordan M.

146

Thermal Energy Storage for Vacuum Precoolers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

radically creating high peak demands and low load factors. An ice bank thermal energy storage (TES) and ice water vapor condenser were installed. The existing equipment and TES system were computer monitored to determine energy consumption and potential... efficiency at night. The ice bank thermal energy storage system has a 4.4 year simple payback. While building ice, the refrigeration system operated at a 6.26 Coefficient of Performance (COP). The refrigeration system operated more efficiently at night...

Nugent, D. M.

147

Thermal conductance of the junction between single-walled carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

conductances of the carbon nanotube (CNT) junctions that would be found in a CNT aerogel are predicted using of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) (e.g., aligned films, mats, and aerogels) are candidates for use in electronic issue in all of these applications. Our focus here is related to single-walled CNT aerogels, which

McGaughey, Alan

148

Definition: British thermal unit | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

thermal unit thermal unit Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png British thermal unit The amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one pound of water one degree Fahrenheit; often used as a unit of measure for the energy content of fuels.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition The British thermal unit (BTU or Btu) is a traditional unit of energy equal to about 1055 joules. It is the amount of energy needed to cool or heat one pound of water by one degree Fahrenheit. In scientific contexts the BTU has largely been replaced by the SI unit of energy, the joule. The unit is most often used as a measure of power (as BTU/h) in the power, steam generation, heating, and air conditioning industries, and also as a measure of agricultural energy production (BTU/kg). It is still used

149

Thermally-Activated Technologies | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Thermally-Activated Technologies Thermally-Activated Technologies Thermally-Activated Technologies November 1, 2013 - 11:40am Addthis Thermally-activated technologies include a diverse portfolio of equipment that transforms heat for useful purposes such as heating, cooling, humidity control, thermal storage, and shaft/electrical power. Thermally-activated technologies are essential for combined heat and power (CHP)-integrated systems that maximize energy savings and economic return. Thermally-activated technologies systems also enable customers to reduce seasonal peak electric demand and future electric and gas grids to operate with more level loads. Absorption Chillers Absorption cycles have been used for more than 150 years. Early equipment used a mixture of ammonia and water as an absorption working pair, with

150

EXPERIMENTAL AND THEORETICAL STUDIES OF THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE IN AQUIFERS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In Proceed- ings of Thermal Energy Storage in Aquifers Work-Mathematical Modeling of Thermal Energy storage in Aquifers.In Proceed- ings of Thermal Energy Storage in Aquifers Work-

Tsang, Chin Fu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Thermal Insulation for Energy Conservation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of thermal insulations to reduce heat flow across the building ... decades. Materials available for use as building insulation include naturally occurring fibers and particles, man ... plastics, evacuated...

Dr. David W. Yarbrough Ph.D.; PE

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Self-assembling functionalized single-walled carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gibbs free energy and the number of nanotubes per cluster. DNumber of nanotubes per cluster (p) Figure distrib Energyenergies increase quickly, on the contrary, when more nanotubes

Gao, Yan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Buckling and Topological Defects in Graphene and Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

4 Plasticity in Carbon Nanotubes 4.1Ultimate strength of carbon nanotubes: a theoretical study”.formation energy in carbon nanotubes and graphene”. In:

Chen, Shuo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Project Profile: Innovative Thermal Energy Storage for Baseload...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Thermal Energy Storage for Baseload Solar Power Generation Project Profile: Innovative Thermal Energy Storage for Baseload Solar Power Generation University of South Florida logo...

155

Project Profile: Innovative Phase Change Thermal Energy Storage...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Phase Change Thermal Energy Storage Solution for Baseload Power Project Profile: Innovative Phase Change Thermal Energy Storage Solution for Baseload Power Infinia logo Infinia,...

156

Ocean Thermal Extractable Energy Visualization: Final Technical Report  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Report about the Ocean Thermal Extractable Energy Visualization project, which focuses on assessing the Maximum Practicably Extractable Energy from the world’s ocean thermal resources.

157

Project Profile: Reducing the Cost of Thermal Energy Storage...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Reducing the Cost of Thermal Energy Storage for Parabolic Trough Solar Power Plants Project Profile: Reducing the Cost of Thermal Energy Storage for Parabolic Trough Solar Power...

158

Evaluation of Thermal to Electrical Energy Conversion of High...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Thermal to Electrical Energy Conversion of High Temperature Skutterudite-Based Thermoelectric Modules Evaluation of Thermal to Electrical Energy Conversion of High Temperature...

159

Project Profile: Novel Molten Salts Thermal Energy Storage for...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Novel Molten Salts Thermal Energy Storage for Concentrating Solar Power Generation Project Profile: Novel Molten Salts Thermal Energy Storage for Concentrating Solar Power...

160

2007 Survey of Energy Resources World Energy Council 2007 Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion COUNTRY NOTES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2007 Survey of Energy Resources World Energy Council 2007 Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion 573 and personal communication. Valuable inputs were provided by Don Lennard of Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion in the technology. #12;2007 Survey of Energy Resources World Energy Council 2007 Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion 574

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotube thermal energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

ENERGY EFFICIENT BUILDING DESIGN AND THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter discusses the potential for cost-effectively reducing the energy intensity of office buildings by applying proven technologies, especially the use of ground source systems with thermal energy stor...

Edward Morofsky

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Solar Thermal Incentive Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Thermal Incentive Program Thermal Incentive Program Solar Thermal Incentive Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Solar Water Heating Maximum Rebate Residential: $4,000 per site/meter Non-residential: $25,000 per site/meter Incentive also capped at 80% of calculated existing thermal load Program Info Funding Source RPS surcharge Start Date 12/10/2010 Expiration Date 12/31/2015 State New York Program Type State Rebate Program Rebate Amount $1.50 per kWh displaced annually, for displacement of up to 80% of calculated existing thermal load Provider New York State Energy Research and Development Authority The New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA)

163

Solar Thermal Incentive Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solar Thermal Incentive Program Solar Thermal Incentive Program Solar Thermal Incentive Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Solar Water Heating Maximum Rebate 50% of the project cost Program Info Funding Source Public Benefits Fund State Connecticut Program Type State Rebate Program Rebate Amount Calculated: $70 multiplied by the SRCC "C" rating multiplied by the number of collectors multiplied by the Shading Factor Provider Clean Energy Finance and Investment Authority Note: This program is not currently accepting applications. Check the program web site for information regarding future financing programs. To participate in the residential solar hot water rebate, homeowners must first complete an energy assessment. Then, they must work with CEFIA

164

Modeling and simulations of electrical energy storage in electrochemical capacitors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and carbon nanotubes,” Advanced Energy Materials, vol. 1,carbon nanotubes supercapacitors: Improving both energy andcarbon nanotubes for enhanced electrochemical energy

Wang, Hainan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Multiwalled carbon nanotube nanofluids used for heat dissipation in hybrid green energy systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study was conducted to characterize carbon nanotube (CNT)/water nanofluids (CNWNFs) and to apply the nanofluids in a heat-dissipation system of dual green energy sources. CNTs were mixed with water in weight fractions of 0.125%, 0.25%, and 0.5% ...

Yi-Hsuan Hung, Hung-Jhih Gu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Storage of Solar Thermal Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is estimated that, at the present rate of consumption of (readily available stored energy in) fossil fuels, the world’s ... world are in search of new and renewable energy sources. Developing efficient and ine...

S. Kakaç; E. Paykoç; Y. Yener

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Phase Change Materials for Thermal Energy Storage in Concentrated Solar Thermal Power Plants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar thermal energy collection is an exciting technology for the replacement of non-renewable energy production.

Hardin, Corey Lee

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Permanent magnet thermal energy system  

SciTech Connect

An improved rotary magnet thermal generator system of the type having an array of magnets in alternating disposition coaxially disposed about and parallel with the shaft of a motor driving the rotary array and having a copper heat absorber and a ferro-magnetic plate fixed on a face of the heat absorber, includes as efficiency improver a plurality of heat sink plates extending beyond the ferro-magnet plate into a plenum through a respective plurality of close-fitting apertures. In a further embodimetn the heat sink plates are in thermal contact with sinusoidally convoluted tubing that both increases surface area and provides for optional heating of gases and/or fluids at the same time.

Gerard, F.

1985-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

169

Utilizing Solar Thermal Energy in Textile Processing Units  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter presents the prospects of solar thermal energy utilization in the textile processing units in Pakistan. Various solar thermal technologies suitable for thermal energy production and their application...

Asad Mahmood; Khanji Harijan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Methodology, morphology, and optimization of carbon nanotube growth for improved energy storage in a double layer capacitor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The goal of this thesis is to optimize the growth of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) on a conducting substrate for use as an electrode to improve energy density in a double-layer capacitor. The focus has been on several areas, ...

Ku, Daniel C. (Daniel Chung-Ming), 1985-

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Thermal power plant efficiency enhancement with Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In addition to greenhouse gas emissions, coastal thermal power plants would gain further opposition due to their heat rejection distressing the local ecosystem. Therefore, these plants need to enhance their thermal efficiency while reducing their environmental offense. In this study, a hybrid plant based on the principle of Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion was coupled to a 740 MW coal-fired power plant project located at latitude 28°S where the surface to deepwater temperature difference would not suffice for regular OTEC plants. This paper presents the thermodynamical model to assess the overall efficiency gained by adopting an ammonia Rankine cycle plus a desalinating unit, heated by the power plant condenser discharge and refrigerated by cold deep seawater. The simulation allowed us to optimize a system that would finally enhance the plant power output by 25–37 MW, depending on the season, without added emissions while reducing dramatically the water temperature at discharge and also desalinating up to 5.8 million tons per year. The supplemental equipment was sized and the specific emissions reduction was estimated. We believe that this approach would improve the acceptability of thermal and nuclear power plant projects regardless of the plant location.

Rodrigo Soto; Julio Vergara

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Nanofluid \\{PCMs\\} for thermal energy storage: Latent heat reduction mechanisms and a numerical study of effective thermal storage performance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The latent heat of fusion of paraffin-based nanofluids has been examined to investigate the use of enhanced phase change materials (PCMs) for thermal energy storage (TES) applications. The nanofluid approach has often been exploited to enhance thermal conductivity of PCMs, but the effects of particle addition on other thermal properties affecting TES are relatively ignored. An experimental study of paraffin-based nanofluids containing various particle sizes of multi-walled carbon nanotubes has been conducted to investigate the effect of nanoparticles on latent heat of fusion. Results demonstrated that the magnitude of nanofluid latent heat reduction increases for smaller diameter particles in suspension. Three possible mechanisms – interfacial liquid layering, Brownian motion, and particle clustering – were examined to explain further reduction in latent heat, through the weakening of molecular bond structures. Although additional research is required to explore detailed mechanisms, experimental evidence suggests that interfacial liquid layering and Brownian motion cannot explain the degree of latent heat reduction observed. A finite element model is also presented as a method of quantifying nanofluid PCM energy storage performance. Thermal properties based on modified effective medium theory and an empirical relation for latent heat of fusion were applied as model parameters to determine energy stored and extracted over a given period of time. The model results show that while micro-scale particle inclusions exhibit some performance enhancement, nanoparticles in \\{PCMs\\} provide no significant improvement in TES performance. With smaller particles, the enhancement in thermal conductivity is not significant enough to overcome the reduction in latent heat of fusion, and less energy is stored over the PCM charge period. Therefore, the nanofluid approach may not be justifiable for energy storage applications. However, since the model parameters are dependent on the material properties of the system observed, storage performance may vary for differing nanofluid materials.

Aitor Zabalegui; Dhananjay Lokapur; Hohyun Lee

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Phase Change Materials for Thermal Energy Storage in Concentrated Solar Thermal Power Plants.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Experimental studies are presented that aim to utilize phase change materials (PCM's) to enhance thermal energy storage systems for concentrated solar thermal power (CSP) systems.… (more)

Hardin, Corey Lee

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Project Profile: Novel Thermal Energy Storage Systems for Concentratin...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Solar Power Project Profile: Novel Thermal Energy Storage Systems for Concentrating Solar Power University of Connecticut logo The University of Connecticut, under the Thermal...

175

Thermal Management Studies and Modeling | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Documents & Publications Energy Storage R&D - Thermal Management Studies and Modeling Battery Thermal Modeling and Testing Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014:...

176

Thermal resistance and phonon scattering at the interface between carbon nanotube and amorphous polyethylene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

polyethylene Sho Hida a , Takuma Hori a , Takuma Shiga a , James Elliott b , Junichiro Shiomi a,c, a Department dynamics study of heat conduction in carbon nanotube (CNT)/polyethylene (PE) composites. Particular across the CNT/polyethylene interfaces ($1 Ă? 10Ă?7 m2 K WĂ?1 ) and a moder- ate but non

Elliott, James

177

NRG Thermal LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Thermal LLC Thermal LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name NRG Thermal LLC Place Minneapolis, Minnesota Zip 55402-2200 Product A subsidiary of NRG Energy that specialises in district energy systems and CHP plants. Coordinates 44.979035°, -93.264929° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.979035,"lon":-93.264929,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

178

Combined Thermal and Power Energy Management Optimization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, 'various types of prime movers (e.g. boilers, waste heat recovery, steam and gas turbines, etc.), and varying requirements for process heat and electrical power, particularly if bulk power is being dispatched to a utility grid. The ability...) maintaining the operating security of the energy supply system and equipment, and 3) optimization of energy use to meet given loads and constraints at the lowest costs. The thermal dispatch of power system boilers and turbines is the key function which...

Ahner, D. J.; Priestley, R. R.

179

Phase change thermal energy storage material  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thermal energy storge composition is disclosed. The composition comprises a non-chloride hydrate having a phase change transition temperature in the range of 70.degree.-95.degree. F. and a latent heat of transformation of at least about 35 calories/gram.

Benson, David K. (Golden, CO); Burrows, Richard W. (Conifer, CO)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Modeling of Thermal Storage Systems in MILP Distributed Energy Resource Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

potential materials for thermal energy storage in buildingcoupled with thermal energy storage," Applied Energy, vol.N. Fumo, "Benefits of thermal energy storage option combined

Steen, David

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotube thermal energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Micro/Nano-Scale Phase Change Systems for Thermal Management and Solar Energy Conversion Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Storage of Solar Thermal Energy,” Solar Energy, 18 (3),Toward Molecular Solar-Thermal Energy Storage,” Angewandtescale molecular solar thermal energy storage system, in

Coso, Dusan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Advanced Organic Vapor Cycles for Improving Thermal Conversion Efficiency in Renewable Energy Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reclamation and solar thermal energy," Energy [accepted]. [and M Dennis, "Solar thermal energy systems in Australia,"and M Dennis, "Solar thermal energy systems in Australia,"

Ho, Tony

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Synthesis of silicon nanotubes by DC arc plasma method  

SciTech Connect

Plasma synthesis is a novel technique of synthesis of nanomaterials as they provide high rate of production and promote metastable reactions. Very thin walled silicon nanotubes were synthesized in a DC direct arc thermal plasma reactor. The effect of parameters of synthesis i.e. arc current and presence of hydrogen on the morphology of Si nanoparticles is reported. Silicon nanotubes were characterized by Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), Local Energy Dispersive X-ray analysis (EDAX), and Scanning Tunneling Microscopy (STM).

Tank, C. M.; Bhoraskar, S. V.; Mathe, V. L. [Department of Physics, University of Pune, Pune-7, Maharashtra (India)

2012-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

184

Resonant-Raman intensities and transition energies of the E11 transition in carbon nanotubes * J. Maultzsch,1 S. Reich,2 and C. Thomsen1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Resonant-Raman intensities and transition energies of the E11 transition in carbon nanotubes H- troscopy. Radial breathing mode spectra were collected varying the excitation energy in the near-infrared from 1.15 to 1.48 eV. From resonance profiles we obtained the E11 S energies of 11 nanotubes, extending

Nabben, Reinhard

185

Definition: Multispectral Thermal Infrared | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Infrared Infrared Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Multispectral Thermal Infrared This wavelength range senses heat energy from the Earth's surface. It can be used to sense surface temperature, including anomalies associated with active geothermal or volcanic systems. Both multispectral and hyperspectral remote sensing observations are available. This range can also be used to map mineralogy associate with common rock-forming silicates.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition References ↑ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thermal_infrared_spectroscopy ↑ http://asterweb.jpl.nasa.gov/ Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Multispectral_Thermal_Infrared&oldid=601561

186

Sorption thermal storage for solar energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Sorption technologies, which are considered mainly for solar cooling and heat pumping before, have gained a lot of interests for heat storage of solar energy in recent years, due to their high energy densities and long-term preservation ability for thermal energy. The aim of this review is to provide an insight into the basic knowledge and the current state of the art of research on sorption thermal storage technologies. The first section is concerned with the terminology and classification for sorption processes to give a clear scope of discussion in this paper. Sorption thermal storage is suggested to cover four technologies: liquid absorption, solid adsorption, chemical reaction and composite materials. Then the storage mechanisms and descriptions of basic closed and open cycles are given. The progress of sorption materials, cycles, and systems are also reviewed. Besides the well-known sorbents like silica gels and zeolites, some new materials, including aluminophosphates (AlPOs), silico-aluminophosphates (SAPOs) and metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), are proposed for heat storage. As energy density is a key criterion, emphais is given to the comparison of storage densities and charging tempertures for different materials. Ongoing research and development studies show that the challenges of the technology focus on the aspects of different types of sorption materials, the configurations of absorption cycles and advanced adsorption reactors. Booming progress illustrates that sorption thermal storage is a realistic and sustainable option for storing solar energy, especially for long-term applications. To bring the sorption storage solution into market, more intensive studies in fields of evaluation of advanced materials and development of efficient and compact prototypes are still required.

N. Yu; R.Z. Wang; L.W. Wang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Thermal Sciences The thermal sciences area involves the study of energy conversion and transmission, power  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermal Sciences The thermal sciences area involves the study of energy conversion and transmission in virtually all energy conversion devices and systems. One may think of the jet engine as a mechanical device, power generation, the flow of liquids and gases, and the transfer of thermal energy (heat) by means

New Hampshire, University of

188

Analytic expressions for the inelastic scattering and energy loss of electron and proton beams in carbon nanotubes  

SciTech Connect

We have determined ''effective'' Bethe coefficients and the mean excitation energy of stopping theory (I-value) for multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) bundles based on a sum-rule constrained optical-data model energy loss function with improved asymptotic properties. Noticeable differences between MWCNTs, SWCNT bundles, and the three allotropes of carbon (diamond, graphite, glassy carbon) are found. By means of Bethe's asymptotic approximation, the inelastic scattering cross section, the electronic stopping power, and the average energy transfer to target electrons in a single inelastic collision, are calculated analytically for a broad range of electron and proton beam energies using realistic excitation parameters.

Emfietzoglou, D.; Kyriakou, I. [Medical Physics Laboratory, University of Ioannina Medical School, 45110 Ioannina (Greece); Garcia-Molina, R. [Departamento de Fisica-CIOyN, Universidad de Murcia, E-30100 Murcia (Spain); Abril, I. [Departament de Fisica Aplicada, Universitat d'Alacant, E-03080 Alacant (Spain); Kostarelos, K. [Nanomedicine Laboratory, Centre for Drug Delivery Research, School of Pharmacy, University of London, London WC1N 1AX (United Kingdom)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

189

Integration of solar thermal energy into processes with heat demand  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An integration of solar thermal energy can reduce the utility cost and the environmental impact. A proper integration of solar thermal energy is required in order to achieve ... objective of this study is to maxi...

Andreja Nemet; Zdravko Kravanja…

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Solar Thermal Energy Storage Device: Hybrid Nanostructures for High-Energy-Density Solar Thermal Fuels  

SciTech Connect

HEATS Project: MIT is developing a thermal energy storage device that captures energy from the sun; this energy can be stored and released at a later time when it is needed most. Within the device, the absorption of sunlight causes the solar thermal fuel’s photoactive molecules to change shape, which allows energy to be stored within their chemical bonds. A trigger is applied to release the stored energy as heat, where it can be converted into electricity or used directly as heat. The molecules would then revert to their original shape, and can be recharged using sunlight to begin the process anew. MIT’s technology would be 100% renewable, rechargeable like a battery, and emissions-free. Devices using these solar thermal fuels—called Hybrisol—can also be used without a grid infrastructure for applications such as de-icing, heating, cooking, and water purification.

None

2012-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

191

Using Ionic Liquids to Make Titanium Dioxide Nanotubes - Energy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solar Photovoltaic Solar Photovoltaic Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Energy Storage Energy Storage Find More Like This Return to Search Using Ionic Liquids to Make...

192

THEORETICAL STUDIES IN LONG-TERM THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE IN AQUIFERS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mathematical Modeling of Thermal Energy Storage in Aquifers.of Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage Workshop, LawrenceF.P. "Thermal Energy Storage in a Confined Aquifer- Second

Tsang, C.F.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

AQUIFER THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE. A NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF AUBURN UNIVERSITY FIELD EXPERIMENTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Auburn University Thermal Energy Storage , LBL No. 10194.Mathematical modeling of thermal energy storage in aquifers,of Current Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage Programs (in

Tsang, Chin Fu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Optimal Deployment of Thermal Energy Storage under Diverse Economic and Climate Conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Deployment  of  Thermal  Energy   Storage  under  Diverse  Dincer I. On thermal energy storage systems and applicationsin research on cold thermal energy storage, International

DeForest, Nicolas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

THEORETICAL STUDIES IN LONG-TERM THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE IN AQUIFERS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mathematical Modeling of Thermal Energy Storage in Aquifers.of Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage Workshop, Lawrencewithin the Seasonal Thermal Energy Storage program managed

Tsang, C.F.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Micro/Nano-Scale Phase Change Systems for Thermal Management and Solar Energy Conversion Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on Sustainable thermal Energy Storage Technologies, Part I:2009, “Review on Thermal Energy Storage with Phase Change2002, “Survey of Thermal Energy Storage for Parabolic Trough

Coso, Dusan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

SEASONAL THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE IN AQUIFERS-MATHEMATICAL MODELING STUDIES IN 1979  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage." Lawrence Berkeleythe Auburn University Thermal Energy Storage Experiment."LBL~l0208 SEASONAL THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE IN AQUIFERS~

Tsang, Chin Fu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

A PRELIMINARY EVALUATION OF IMPINGEMENT AND ENTRAINMENT BY OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION (OTEC) PLANTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Assessment, Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) ProgramOcean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC), U.S. Department offor Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) plants. Argonne,

Sullivan, S.M.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Buckling and Topological Defects in Graphene and Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

defect formation energy in carbon nanotubes and graphene”.Carbon Nanotubes strain e zz Defect Formation Energies fromCARBON NANOTUBES Figure 4.3: Contour plots of strain energy

Chen, Shuo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Transport in carbon nanotube field-effect transistors tuned using low energy electron beam This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transport in carbon nanotube field-effect transistors tuned using low energy electron beam exposure nanotube field-effect transistors tuned using low energy electron beam exposure Jack Chan1 , Brian Burke1/334212 Abstract We have studied the effect of low energy (30 keV) electron beam exposure on carbon nanotube field

Harriott, Lloyd R.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotube thermal energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Electric Motor Thermal Management | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Merit Review and Peer Evaluation ape030bennion2011o.pdf More Documents & Publications Motor Thermal Control Electric Motor Thermal Management Electric Motor Thermal Management...

202

Thermal Energy Storage Technology for Transportation and Other...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Energy Storage Technology for Transportation and Other Applications D. Bank, M. Maurer, J. Penkala, K. Sehanobish, A. Soukhojak Thermal Energy Storage Technology for Transportation...

203

Chapter 12 - Assessment of Thermal Energy Storage Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The foremost challenges of energy supply in meeting the energy demand apply to the development of energy efficient technologies to achieve energy security and environmental emissions. In the spectrum of energy-efficient technologies, thermal energy storage systems offer huge potential to bridge the mismatch between energy supply and energy demand. The overall operational performance of thermal storage systems depends on the quality of energy content and the energy degradation effects exhibited during the cyclic charging and discharging processes. The assessment pertaining to the exergy efficiency in addition to energy efficiency can have a pivotal role to enable thermal storage systems to outperform on a long-term basis.

S. Kalaiselvam; R. Parameshwaran

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

E-Print Network 3.0 - altered nanotube dimension Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

nanotube dimension Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Thermal conductivity of B-C-N and BN nanotubes C. W. Changa Summary: Thermal conductivity of B-C-N and BN nanotubes C. W. Changa...

205

Near-field thermal radiation between hyperbolic metamaterials: Graphite and carbon nanotubes  

SciTech Connect

The near-field radiative heat transfer for two hyperbolic metamaterials, namely, graphite and vertically aligned carbon nanotubes (CNTs), is investigated. Graphite is a naturally existing uniaxial medium, while CNT arrays can be modeled as an effective anisotropic medium. Different hyperbolic modes can be separately supported by these materials in certain infrared regions, resulting in a strong enhancement in near-field heat transfer. It is predicted that the heat flux between two CNT arrays can exceed that between SiC plates at any vacuum gap distance and is about 10 times higher with a 10?nm gap.

Liu, X. L.; Zhang, R. Z.; Zhang, Z. M., E-mail: zhuomin.zhang@me.gatech.edu [G. W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332 (United States)

2013-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

206

Computational modeling of thermal conductivity of single walled carbon nanotube polymer composites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to solid materials like metals. Keywords: SWNT, Random Walk, Thermal Conductivity, Composites 1 at the interface between the matrix material and the SWNT plays a very important role on the effective thermal conductivity. This thermal resistance is known as the Kapitza resistance [8]. According to the acoustic theory

Maruyama, Shigeo

207

The Prediction of thermal properties of single walled carbon nanotube suspensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

aspect ratio, weight fraction and of the interfacial thermal resistance on the suspension effective and electrical transport properties1 and thermal transport properties2,3 of materials that incorporate SWNTs and on the temperature. The existence of a thermal resistance7-11 to the transfer of heat between the nanoscale

Maruyama, Shigeo

208

Chapter 4 - Ocean Thermal Energy Converters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary The most plentiful renewable energy source on the planet is solar radiation. Harvesting this energy is difficult because of its dilute and erratic nature. Large collecting areas and large storage capacities are needed. These two requirements are satisfied by the tropical oceans. Oceans cover 71% of Earth's surface. In the tropics, they absorb sunlight, and the top layers heat up to some 25°C. Warm surface waters from the equatorial belt flow poleward, melting both the Arctic and the Antarctic ice. The resulting cold waters return to the equator at great depth, completing a huge planetary thermosyphon. Two basic configurations have been proposed for ocean thermal energy converters (OTECs)—those using hydraulic turbines and those using vapor turbines. The first uses the temperature difference between the surface and bottom waters to create a hydraulic head that drives a conventional water turbine. The advantages of this proposal include the absence of heat exchangers. It is easier to find warm surface water than sufficiently cool abyssal waters, which are not readily available in continental shelf regions. This limits the possible sitings of ocean thermal energy converters.

Aldo Vieira da Rosa

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Micro/Nano-Scale Phase Change Systems for Thermal Management and Solar Energy Conversion Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermal Energy Storage,” Renewable and Sustainable EnergyReview on Sustainable thermal Energy Storage Technologies,Energy Storage Using Phase Change Materials,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy

Coso, Dusan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Irradiation Stability of Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ion irradiation of carbon nanotubes is a tool that can be used to achieve modification of the structure. Irradiation stability of carbon nanotubes was studied by ion and electron bombardment of the samples. Different ion species at various energies...

Aitkaliyeva, Assel

2010-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

211

Mechanical and thermal properties of benzoxazine nanocomposites containing multiwalled carbon nanotubes.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Due to the need for thermally resistant materials in microelectronic insulators, high-speed aircraft structures, and structural components of space vehicles require high temperature polymer composites.… (more)

Kaleemullah, Muhammad

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Efficient Thermal Energy Distribution in Commercial Final Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy distribution. These include, but not limited to, 1) reducing thermal losses induced by air leakage through system components (i.e., duct, equipment), 2) decreasing thermal losses induced by heat conductionLBNL-41365 Efficient Thermal Energy Distribution in Commercial Buildings Final Report to California

213

Synergistic Effect of Carbon Nanofiber/Nanotube Composite Catalyst on Carbon Felt Electrode for High-Performance All-Vanadium Redox Flow Battery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Synergistic Effect of Carbon Nanofiber/Nanotube Composite Catalyst on Carbon Felt Electrode for High-Performance All-Vanadium Redox Flow Battery ... Carbon nanofiber/nanotube (CNF/CNT) composite catalysts grown on carbon felt (CF), prepared from a simple way involving the thermal decomposition of acetylene gas over Ni catalysts, are studied as electrode materials in a vanadium redox flow battery. ... Energy storage; redox flow battery; electrode; carbon nanofiber; carbon nanotube; catalyst ...

Minjoon Park; Yang-jae Jung; Jungyun Kim; Ho il Lee; Jeaphil Cho

2013-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

214

Boosting CSP Production with Thermal Energy Storage  

SciTech Connect

Combining concentrating solar power (CSP) with thermal energy storage shows promise for increasing grid flexibility by providing firm system capacity with a high ramp rate and acceptable part-load operation. When backed by energy storage capability, CSP can supplement photovoltaics by adding generation from solar resources during periods of low solar insolation. The falling cost of solar photovoltaic (PV) - generated electricity has led to a rapid increase in the deployment of PV and projections that PV could play a significant role in the future U.S. electric sector. The solar resource itself is virtually unlimited; however, the actual contribution of PV electricity is limited by several factors related to the current grid. The first is the limited coincidence between the solar resource and normal electricity demand patterns. The second is the limited flexibility of conventional generators to accommodate this highly variable generation resource. At high penetration of solar generation, increased grid flexibility will be needed to fully utilize the variable and uncertain output from PV generation and to shift energy production to periods of high demand or reduced solar output. Energy storage is one way to increase grid flexibility, and many storage options are available or under development. In this article, however, we consider a technology already beginning to be used at scale - thermal energy storage (TES) deployed with concentrating solar power (CSP). PV and CSP are both deployable in areas of high direct normal irradiance such as the U.S. Southwest. The role of these two technologies is dependent on their costs and relative value, including how their value to the grid changes as a function of what percentage of total generation they contribute to the grid, and how they may actually work together to increase overall usefulness of the solar resource. Both PV and CSP use solar energy to generate electricity. A key difference is the ability of CSP to utilize high-efficiency TES, which turns CSP into a partially dispatchable resource. The addition of TES produces additional value by shifting the delivery of solar energy to periods of peak demand, providing firm capacity and ancillary services, and reducing integration challenges. Given the dispatchability of CSP enabled by TES, it is possible that PV and CSP are at least partially complementary. The dispatchability of CSP with TES can enable higher overall penetration of the grid by solar energy by providing solar-generated electricity during periods of cloudy weather or at night, when PV-generated power is unavailable. Such systems also have the potential to improve grid flexibility, thereby enabling greater penetration of PV energy (and other variable generation sources such as wind) than if PV were deployed without CSP.

Denholm, P.; Mehos, M.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Nanotube diameter optimal for channeling of high-energy particle beam  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Channeling of particle beam in straight and bent single-wall nanotubes has been studied in computer simulations. We have found that the nanotubes should be sufficiently narrow in order to steer efficiently the particle beams, with preferred diameter in the order of 0.5-2 nm. Wider nanotubes, e.g. 10-50 nm, appear rather useless for channeling purpose because of high sensitivity of channeling to nanotube curvature. We have compared bent nanotubes with bent crystals as elements of beam steering technique, and found that narrow nanotubes have an efficiency of beam bending similar to that of crystals.

V. M. Biryukov; S. Bellucci

2002-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

216

Photoluminescence microscopy of carbon nanotubes grown by chemical vapor deposition: Influence of external dielectric screening on optical transition energies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Photoluminescence (PL) laser microscopy was applied to determine optical transition energies E11 and E22 of individual semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) suspended on top of carbon nanotube “forests,” grown by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) on silicon substrates. A uniform increase of E11 and E22 energies by 40–55 and 24–48meV, respectively, was found for 19 different (n,m) nanotube species suspended in air or a vacuum—relative to SWNTs in a reference water-surfactant dispersion. CVD-grown SWNTs embedded in paraffin oil and 1-methylnaphthalene show nearly the same PL peak positions as SWNTs in aqueous dispersion, indicating similar dielectric screening of excitons in SWNTs in these media.

Oliver Kiowski; Sergei Lebedkin; Frank Hennrich; Sharali Malik; Harald Rösner; Katharina Arnold; Christoph Sürgers; Manfred M. Kappes

2007-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

217

OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION (OTEC) PROGRAMMATIC ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of an open cycle ocean thermal difference power plant. M.S.screens for ocean thermal energy conversion power plants.1958. Ocean cooling water system for 800 MW power station.

Sands, M. D.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Tuning energy transport in solar thermal systems using nanostructured materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar thermal energy conversion can harness the entire solar spectrum and theoretically achieve very high efficiencies while interfacing with thermal storage or back-up systems for dispatchable power generation. Nanostructured ...

Lenert, Andrej

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Missing Thermal Energy of the Intracluster Medium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SZ) effect is a direct probe of thermal energy content of the Universe, induced in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) sky through scattering of CMB photons off hot electrons in the intracluster medium (ICM). We report a 9-sigma detection of the SZ signal in the CMB maps of Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) 3yr data, through study of a sample of 193 massive galaxy clusters with observed X-ray temperatures greater than 3 keV. For the first time, we make a model-independent measurement of the pressure profile in the outskirts of the ICM, and show that it closely follows the profiles obtained by X-ray observations and numerical simulations. We find that our measurements of the SZ effect would account for only half of the thermal energy of the cluster, if all the cluster baryons were in the hot ICM phase. Our measurements indicate that a significant fraction (35 +/- 8 %) of baryonic mass is missing from the hot ICM, and thus must have cooled to form galaxies, intracluster stars, or an unknown cold phase of the ICM. There does not seem to be enough mass in the form of stars or cold gas in the cluster galaxies or intracluster space, signaling the need for a yet-unknown baryonic component (at 3-sigma level), or otherwise new astrophysical processes in the ICM.

Niayesh Afshordi; Yen-Ting Lin; Daisuke Nagai; Alastair J. R. Sanderson

2006-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

220

Photoswitchable Molecular Rings for Solar-Thermal Energy Storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Photoswitchable Molecular Rings for Solar-Thermal Energy Storage ... Ground-state energy barriers along the NN torsional coordinates were also computed, along with excitation energies and intensities for the species that can contribute to the photostationary state. ...

E. Durgun; Jeffrey C. Grossman

2013-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotube thermal energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

List of Ocean Thermal Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Thermal Incentives Thermal Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 96 Ocean Thermal Incentives. CSV (rows 1 - 96) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active Business Energy Investment Tax Credit (ITC) (Federal) Corporate Tax Credit United States Agricultural Commercial Industrial Utility Anaerobic Digestion Biomass CHP/Cogeneration Fuel Cells Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels Geothermal Direct Use Geothermal Electric Ground Source Heat Pumps Hydroelectric energy Landfill Gas Microturbines Municipal Solid Waste Ocean Thermal Photovoltaics Small Hydroelectric Small Wind Solar Space Heat Solar Thermal Electric Solar Thermal Process Heat Solar Water Heat Tidal Energy Wave Energy Wind energy Yes CCEF - Project 150 Initiative (Connecticut) State Grant Program Connecticut Commercial Solar Thermal Electric

222

NREL: Energy Systems Integration Facility - Thermal Distribution...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

thermal distribution bus consists of a thermal water loop connected to a research boiler and chiller that provide precise and efficient control of the water temperature...

223

Electric Motor Thermal Management | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and Peer Evaluation Meeting ape030bennion2012o.pdf More Documents & Publications Electric Motor Thermal Management Electric Motor Thermal Management Vehicle Technologies...

224

Thermal Regenerator Testing | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Thermal Regenerator Testing Thermal Regenerator Testing Poster presentation at the 2007 Diesel Engine-Efficiency & Emissions Research Conference (DEER 2007). 13-16 August, 2007,...

225

Solar Thermal Process Heat | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar Thermal Process Heat Incentives Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleSolarThermalProcessHeat&oldid267198" Category: Articles with outstanding TODO tasks...

226

Micro/Nano-Scale Phase Change Systems for Thermal Management and Solar Energy Conversion Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

S. a. , 2004, “Solar Thermal Collectors and Applications,”86] Schnatbaum L. , 2009, “Solar Thermal Power Plants,” Thefor Storage of Solar Thermal Energy,” Solar Energy, 18 (3),

Coso, Dusan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Influence of longitudinal isotope substitution on the thermal conductivity of carbon nanotubes: Results of nonequilibrium molecular dynamics and local density functional calculations  

SciTech Connect

We report reverse nonequilibrium molecular dynamics calculations of the thermal conductivity of isotope substituted (10,10) carbon nanotubes (CNTs) at 300 K. {sup 12}C and {sup 14}C isotopes both at 50% content were arranged either randomly, in bands running parallel to the main axis of the CNTs or in bands perpendicular to this axis. It is found that the systems with randomly distributed isotopes yield significantly reduced thermal conductivity. In contrast, the systems where the isotopes are organized in patterns parallel to the CNTs axis feature no reduction in thermal conductivity when compared with the pure {sup 14}C system. Moreover, a reduction of approximately 30% is observed in the system with the bands of isotopes running perpendicular to the CNT axis. The computation of phonon dispersion curves in the local density approximation and classical densities of vibrational states reveal that the phonon structure of carbon nanotubes is conserved in the isotope substituted systems with the ordered patterns, yielding high thermal conductivities in spite of the mass heterogeneity. In order to complement our conclusions on the {sup 12}C-{sup 14}C mixtures, we computed the thermal conductivity of systems where the {sup 14}C isotope was turned into pseudo-atoms of 20 and 40 atomic mass units.

Leroy, Frédéric, E-mail: f.leroy@theo.chemie.tu-darmstadt.de; Böhm, Michael C., E-mail: boehm@theo.chemie.tu-darmstadt.de [Eduard-Zintl-Institut für Anorganische und Physikalische Chemie, Technische Universität Darmstadt, D-64287 Darmstadt (Germany); Schulte, Joachim [Bruker Biospin GmbH, Silberstreifen, D-76287 Rheinstetten (Germany)] [Bruker Biospin GmbH, Silberstreifen, D-76287 Rheinstetten (Germany); Balasubramanian, Ganesh [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011 (United States)] [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011 (United States)

2014-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

228

Application Level Optimizations for Energy Efficiency and Thermal Stability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, a method optimizing energy efficiency by clustering the work- load in a few resources, temporally can help achieve higher energy efficiency and better thermal behavior. 2. METHODS A fundamentalApplication Level Optimizations for Energy Efficiency and Thermal Stability Md. Ashfaquzzaman Khan

Coskun, Ayse

229

Single wall carbon nanotube fibers extruded from super-acid suspensions: Preferred orientation, electrical, and thermal transport  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Single wall carbon nanotube fibers extruded from super-acid suspensions: Preferred orientation September 2003 Fibers of single wall carbon nanotubes extruded from super-acid suspensions exhibit preferred orientation along their axes. We characterize the alignment by x-ray fiber diagrams and polarized Raman

Natelson, Douglas

230
231

Carbon Foam Infused with Pentaglycerine for Thermal Energy Storage Applications.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A thermal energy storage device that uses pentaglycerine as a phase change material was developed. This solid-state phase change material was embedded in a carbon… (more)

Johnson, Douglas James

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Performance investigation of various cold thermal energy storages.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study deals with solidification and melting of some typical encapsulated ice thermal energy storage geometries. Using ANSYS GAMBIT and FLUENT 6.0 software, HTF fluid… (more)

MacPhee, David

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Macroencapsulation of Phase Change Materials for Thermal Energy Storage.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The use of a latent heat storage system using phase change materials (PCMs) is an effective way of storing thermal energy. Latent heat storage enables… (more)

Pendyala, Swetha

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Project Profile: High-Efficiency Thermal Energy Storage System...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

the National Laboratory R&D competitive funding opportunity, will design, develop, and test a prototype high-temperature and high-efficiency thermal energy storage (TES) system...

235

Optics and Photonics in Solar Thermal Energy Technologies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The complex optical diagnostics employed in the development and application of solar thermal and wind energy technologies are reviewed, with application in particle receivers, solar...

Nathan, G J 'Gus'; Alwahabi, Zeyad; Dally, Bassam B; Medwell, Paul R; Arjomandi, Maziar; Sun, Zhiwei; Lau, Timothy C; van Eyk, Philip

236

Lockheed Testing the Waters for Ocean Thermal Energy System ...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

today, according to Lockheed Martin. The technology in play: Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC). Lockheed Martin is developing a design for an OTEC system that would produce...

237

Optical transitions in carbon nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Analytical expressions for the optical matrix elements of semiconducting carbon nanotubes are obtained for different polarizations of the incident light. It is shown that, for the light polarized along the nanotube axis and transitions between the extrema of electronic subbands, the optical matrix element only weakly depends on the nanotube chirality and excitation energy. It is found that, for the light polarized in the plane perpendicular to the nanotube axis, both v2?c1 and v1?c2 transitions are allowed.

S. V. Goupalov

2005-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

238

Block copolymer-templated iron oxide nanoparticles for bimodal growth of multi-walled carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since their discovery carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have sparked great interest due to their exceptional mechanical, electrical, and thermal properties. These properties make carbon nanotubes desirable for numerous applications ...

Yazzie, Kyle E

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Synthesis of Thermal Interface Materials Made of Metal Decorated Carbon Nanotubes and Polymers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

showed promise in their ability to have significant increase in thermal conduction while retaining the polymer’s mechanical properties. The highest k value that was obtained was 0.72 W/m-K for a well dispersed aligned 5 wt percent Ni@MWCNT sample. The Cu...

Okoth, Marion Odul

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

240

Energy Partitions and Evolution in a Purely Thermal Solar Flare  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a solely thermal flare, which we detected in the microwave range from the thermal gyro- and free-free emission it produced. An advantage of analyzing thermal gyro emission is its unique ability to precisely yield the magnetic field in the radiating volume. When combined with observationally-deduced plasma density and temperature, these magnetic field measurements offer a straightforward way of tracking evolution of the magnetic and thermal energies in the flare. For the event described here, the magnetic energy density in the radio-emitting volume declines over the flare rise phase, then stays roughly constant during the extended peak phase, but recovers to the original level over the decay phase. At the stage where the magnetic energy density decreases, the thermal energy density increases; however, this increase is insufficient, by roughly an order of magnitude, to compensate for the magnetic energy decrease. When the magnetic energy release is over, the source parameters come back to ne...

Fleishman, Gregory D; Gary, Dale E

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotube thermal energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Overview of Thermal Management | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

More Documents & Publications Nanofluids for Thermal Conditions Underhood Heat Transfer Nanofluid Development for Engine Cooling Systems Erosion of Radiator...

242

Flexible Hybrid Energy Cell for Simultaneously Harvesting Thermal, Mechanical, and Solar Energies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Flexible Hybrid Energy Cell for Simultaneously Harvesting Thermal, Mechanical, and Solar Energies ... We report the first flexible hybrid energy cell that is capable of simultaneously or individually harvesting thermal, mechanical, and solar energies to power some electronic devices. ... By integrating the NGs and the solar cells, a hybrid energy cell was fabricated to simultaneously harvest three different types of energies. ...

Ya Yang; Hulin Zhang; Guang Zhu; Sangmin Lee; Zong-Hong Lin; Zhong Lin Wang

2012-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

243

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION (OTEC) PILOT PLANTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

screens for ocean thermal energy conversion power plants.cold deep-ocean waters to produce electric power via eitherOffice of Solar Power Applications. Division of Ocean Energy

Sullivan, S.M.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Hydrogen Energy Stations: Poly-Production of Electricity, Hydrogen, and Thermal Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

re-use of thermal energy “waste heat” for building heating/and thermal energy “waste heat,” as well as purifiedare used to capture waste heat for productive purposes. Use

Lipman, Timothy; Brooks, Cameron

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Thermal Ion Dispersion | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Thermal Ion Dispersion Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Thermal Ion Dispersion Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geochemical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Geochemical Data Analysis Parent Exploration Technique: Geochemical Data Analysis Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Stratigraphic/Structural: Hydrological: Thermal: Dictionary.png Thermal Ion Dispersion: Thermal Ion Dispersion (TID) is a method used by the precious-metals industry to determine the movement of hot, mineral-bearing waters through rocks, gravels, and soils. The survey involves collection of soil samples

246

Modeling of thermal energy storage in groundwater aquifers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MODELING OF THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE IN GROUNDWATER AQUIFERS A Thesis by DAVID BRYAN REED Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1979... ABSTRACT Modeling of Thermal Energy Storage in Groundwater Aquifers. (December 1979) David Bryan Reed, B. S. , Texas A&M University Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. Donald L. Reddell Solar energy is a promising alternate energy source for space heat...

Reed, David Bryan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

247

SEASONAL THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE IN AQUIFERS-MATHEMATICAL MODELING STUDIES IN 1979  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage." Lawrence BerkeleyP, Andersen, "'rhermal Energy Storage in a Confined Aquifer~University Thermal Energy Storage Experiment." Lawrence

Tsang, Chin Fu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Electrical Transport in Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

nanotubes and graphene are the most popular Carbon material in the condensed matter research. Based on energy2D energy dispersion as Fig. II-2. For a nanotubes in

Liu, Gang

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Thermal Performance of a Novel Heat Transfer Fluid Containing Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes and Microencapsulated Phase Change Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The present research work aims to develop a new heat transfer fluid by combining multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) and microencapsulated phase change materials (MPCMs). Stable nanofluids have been prepared using different sizes of multiwalled...

Tumuluri, Kalpana

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

250

Induced hydroelectric energy generated by compressing a single-walled carbon nanotube hydrogel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) for energy harvesting and storage have attracted much attention recently because SWCNTs have supercapacity performance. In this paper we report a simple electromechanical approach for the generation of induced electrical potential by the compression of a SWCNT-triggered sodium deoxycholate hydrogel. This hydrogel enhances the electrical potential generated under compression and this is mainly because of the generation of hydroelectric power by the flow of water over the SWCNTs. The induced voltage was 63.1?mV upon the compression of a 4% SWCNT hydrogel to a compression ratio of 50% which is superior to values reported previously. The enhancement in hydroelectric potential increased with SWCNT loading in the hydrogel and with the compression ratio because of an enhancement of the impact frequency between water molecules and the SWCNTs.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Novel Stack Concepts: Patterned Aligned Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Novel Stack Concepts: Patterned Aligned Carbon Nanotubes as Electrodes in MEAs Di-Jia Liu proprietary or confidential information #12;Objective To develop a novel aligned carbon nanotube (ACNT/mass transport and thermal conductivity through patterned nanotubes with micrometer-dimension flowfield

252

Composite materials for thermal energy storage  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention discloses composite material for thermal energy storage based upon polyhydric alcohols, such as pentaerythritol, trimethylol ethane (also known as pentaglycerine), neopentyl glycol and related compounds including trimethylol propane, monoaminopentaerythritol, diamino-pentaerythritol and tris(hydroxymethyl)acetic acid, separately or in combinations, which provide reversible heat storage through crystalline phase transformations. These phase change materials do not become liquid during use and are in contact with at least one material selected from the group consisting of metals, carbon siliceous, plastic, cellulosic, natural fiber, artificial fiber, concrete, gypsum, porous rock, and mixtures thereof. Particulate additions, such as aluminum or graphite powders, as well as metal and carbon fibers can also be incorporated therein. Particulate and/or fibrous additions can be introduced into molten phase change materials which can then be cast into various shapes. After the phase change materials have solidified, the additions will remain dispersed throughout the matrix of the cast solid. The polyol is in contact with at least one material selected from the group consisting of metals, carbon siliceous, plastic, cellulosic, natural fiber, artificial fiber, concrete, gypsum, and mixtures thereof.

Benson, David K. (Golden, CO); Burrows, Richard W. (Conifer, CO); Shinton, Yvonne D. (Northglenn, CO)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Thermal Waters of Nevada | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Thermal Waters of Nevada Thermal Waters of Nevada Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Report: Thermal Waters of Nevada Abstract Abstract unavailable. Authors Larry J. Garside and John H. Schilling Organization Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology Published Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology, 1979 Report Number Bulletin 91 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http://crossref.org Online Internet link for Thermal Waters of Nevada Citation Larry J. Garside,John H. Schilling (Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology). 1979. Thermal Waters of Nevada. Reno, NV: Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology. Report No.: Bulletin 91. Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Thermal_Waters_of_Nevada&oldid=690515" Categories: References Geothermal References

254

Carbon Nanotubes: Bearing Stress Like Never Before  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy effects that cause aggregation in the first place to attaching mol- ecules to the outside of carbon nanotubes

Limaye, Aditya

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) A New Secure Renewable Energy Source  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) A New Secure Renewable Energy Source For Defense Water Temperature Delta 2 A New Clean Renewable 24/7 Energy Source #12;Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion and Commercial Applications 1 Dr. Ted Johnson Director of Alternative Energy Programs Development Lockheed Martin

256

PCM energy storage during defective thermal cycling:.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Incomplete thermal cycling affects storage capacities of phase change materials (PCMs). Existing PCM measuring methods are presented with their drawbacks. A new device named “the… (more)

Koekenbier, S.F.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Thermal Energy Storage:Analysis and Application.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this paper is to analyze and determine the feasibility of a cold thermal storage system in manufacturing Industries. Cooling loads and actual… (more)

Ogunkoya, Dolanimi Olugbenga

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Numerical Investigation of the Effect of Chirality of Carbon Nanotube on the Interfacial Thermal Resistance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) systems are used widely as a stable and reliable renewable source of energy. However, intermittency of this power source and the variability in demand for electrical power creates challenges that necessitate...

Hu, Yuzhu

2014-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

259

Energy Conversion and Thermal Efficiency Sales Tax Exemption | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Conversion and Thermal Efficiency Sales Tax Exemption Energy Conversion and Thermal Efficiency Sales Tax Exemption Energy Conversion and Thermal Efficiency Sales Tax Exemption < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Bioenergy Biofuels Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Wind Solar Water Heating Maximum Rebate None Program Info State Ohio Program Type Sales Tax Incentive Rebate Amount 100% exemption Provider Ohio Department of Taxation Ohio may provide a sales and use tax exemption for certain tangible personal property used in energy conversion, solid waste energy conversion, or thermal efficiency improvement facilities designed, constructed, or installed after December 31, 1974. Qualifying energy conversion facilities are those that are used for the

260

List of Solar Thermal Electric Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electric Incentives Electric Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 548 Solar Thermal Electric Incentives. CSV (rows 1-500) CSV (rows 501-548) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active 30% Business Tax Credit for Solar (Vermont) Corporate Tax Credit Vermont Commercial Industrial Photovoltaics Solar Space Heat Solar Thermal Electric Solar Thermal Process Heat Solar Water Heat No APS - Net Metering (Arizona) Net Metering Arizona Commercial Industrial Residential Nonprofit Schools Local Government State Government Fed. Government Agricultural Institutional Solar Thermal Electric Photovoltaics Wind energy Biomass No Advanced Energy Fund (Ohio) Public Benefits Fund Ohio Commercial Industrial Institutional

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotube thermal energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

E-Print Network 3.0 - angle-resolved thermal conductivity Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

single-walled carbon nanotube films Kei... , the expectation on single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) to possess high thermal conductivity has attracted... of the thermal...

262

Thermal Gradient Holes | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Thermal Gradient Holes Thermal Gradient Holes Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Thermal Gradient Holes Details Activities (50) Areas (39) Regions (4) NEPA(29) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Drilling Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Exploration Drilling Parent Exploration Technique: Exploration Drilling Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Stratigraphic/Structural: Hydrological: Field wide fluid flow characteristics if an array of wells are drilled Thermal: Mapping and projecting thermal anomalies Cost Information Low-End Estimate (USD): 5.00500 centUSD 0.005 kUSD 5.0e-6 MUSD 5.0e-9 TUSD / foot Median Estimate (USD): 16.501,650 centUSD 0.0165 kUSD 1.65e-5 MUSD 1.65e-8 TUSD / foot High-End Estimate (USD): 50.005,000 centUSD

263

Aquifer thermal energy storage costs with a seasonal heat source.  

SciTech Connect

The cost of energy supplied by an aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) system from a seasonal heat source was investigated. This investigation considers only the storage of energy from a seasonal heat source. Cost estimates are based upon the assumption that all of the energy is stored in the aquifer before delivery to the end user. Costs were estimated for point demand, residential development, and multidistrict city ATES systems using the computer code AQUASTOR which was developed specifically for the economic analysis of ATES systems. In this analysis the cost effect of varying a wide range of technical and economic parameters was examined. Those parameters exhibiting a substantial influence on ATES costs were: cost of purchased thermal energy; cost of capital; source temperature; system size; transmission distance; and aquifer efficiency. ATES-delivered energy costs are compared with the costs of hot water heated by using electric power or fuel-oils. ATES costs are shown as a function of purchased thermal energy. Both the potentially low delivered energy costs available from an ATES system and its strong cost dependence on the cost of purchased thermal energy are shown. Cost components for point demand and multi-district city ATES systems are shown. Capital and thermal energy costs dominate. Capital costs, as a percentage of total costs, increase for the multi-district city due to the addition of a large distribution system. The proportion of total cost attributable to thermal energy would change dramatically if the cost of purchased thermal energy were varied. It is concluded that ATES-delivered energy can be cost competitive with conventional energy sources under a number of economic and technical conditions. This investigation reports the cost of ATES under a wide range of assumptions concerning parameters important to ATES economics. (LCL)

Reilly, R.W.; Brown, D.R.; Huber, H.D.

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE IN AQUIFERS WORKSHOP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1974. Geothermal Storage of Solar Energy, in "Governors1976. "Geothermal Storage of Solar Energy for Electric PowerUnderground Longterm Storage of Solar Energy - An Overview,"

Authors, Various

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Magnetic nanotubes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A magnetic nanotube includes bacterial magnetic nanocrystals contacted onto a nanotube which absorbs the nanocrystals. The nanocrystals are contacted on at least one surface of the nanotube. A method of fabricating a magnetic nanotube includes synthesizing the bacterial magnetic nanocrystals, which have an outer layer of proteins. A nanotube provided is capable of absorbing the nanocrystals and contacting the nanotube with the nanocrystals. The nanotube is preferably a peptide bolaamphiphile. A nanotube solution and a nanocrystal solution including a buffer and a concentration of nanocrystals are mixed. The concentration of nanocrystals is optimized, resulting in a nanocrystal to nanotube ratio for which bacterial magnetic nanocrystals are immobilized on at least one surface of the nanotubes. The ratio controls whether the nanocrystals bind only to the interior or to the exterior surfaces of the nanotubes. Uses include cell manipulation and separation, biological assay, enzyme recovery, and biosensors.

Matsui, Hiroshi (Glen Rock, NJ); Matsunaga, Tadashi (Tokyo, JP)

2010-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

266

The Surface Reactivities of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes and Their Related Toxicities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

single-walled carbon nanotubes Energy (eV) C 2 C 1 S 11 S 22nanotubes (SWCNTs) have found applications in production of renewable energy,nanotubes (CNTs) are of paramount importance for the production of renewable energy

Ren, Lei

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Molten Oxide Glass Materials for Thermal Energy Storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Halotechnics, Inc. is developing an energy storage system utilizing a low melting point molten glass as the heat transfer and thermal storage material. This work is supported under a grant from the Department of Energy's Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E). Advanced oxide glasses promise a potential breakthrough as a low cost, earth abundant, and stable thermal storage material. The system and new glass material will enable grid scale electricity storage at a fraction of the cost of batteries by integrating the thermal storage with a large heat pump device. Halotechnics is combining its proven expertise in combinatorial chemistry with advanced techniques for handling molten glass to design and build a two-tank thermal energy storage system. This system, operating at a high temperature of 1200 °C and a low temperature of 400 °C, will demonstrate sensible heat thermal energy storage using a uniquely formulated oxide glass. Our molten glass thermal storage material has the potential to significantly reduce thermal storage costs once developed and deployed at commercial scale. Thermal storage at the target temperature can be integrated with existing high temperature gas turbines that significantly increase efficiencies over today's steam turbine technology. This paper describes the development and selection of Halotechnics’ molten glass heat transfer fluids with some additional systems considerations.

B. Elkin; L. Finkelstein; T. Dyer; J. Raade

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Thermal Energy Storage at a Federal Facility  

SciTech Connect

Utility partnership upgrades energy system to help meet the General Services Administration's (GSA) energy-saving goals

Not Available

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE IN AQUIFERS WORKSHOP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the International Solar Energy Society, Winnipeg, Canada. 8:Intern. Solar Energy Soc. , Winnipeg, Canada, August 15-20,

Authors, Various

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

AQUIFER THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE-A SURVEY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

source of energy, proceedings, International Solar Energybuilding and solar energy could be used as sources of heat

Tsang, Chin Fu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Thermal Energy Storage for Electricity Peakdemand Mitigation: A Solution in  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thermal Energy Storage for Electricity Peakdemand Mitigation: A Solution in Thermal Energy Storage for Electricity Peakdemand Mitigation: A Solution in Developing and Developed World Alike Title Thermal Energy Storage for Electricity Peakdemand Mitigation: A Solution in Developing and Developed World Alike Publication Type Conference Proceedings Refereed Designation Refereed LBNL Report Number LBNL-6308E Year of Publication 2013 Authors DeForest, Nicholas, Gonçalo Mendes, Michael Stadler, Wei Feng, Judy Lai, and Chris Marnay Conference Name ECEEE 2013 Summer Study 3-8 June 2013, Belambra Les Criques, France Date Published 06/2013 Conference Location Belambra Les Criques, France Keywords electricity, energy storage, Energy System Planning & Grid Integration, peakdemand mitigation, thermal Abstract In much of the developed world, air-conditioning in buildings is the dominant driver of summer peak electricity

272

Rabi Waves and Peculiarities of Raman Scattering in Carbon Nanotubes, Produced by High Energy Ion Beam Modification of Diamond Single Crystals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

QED-model for multichain coupled qubit system, proposed in \\cite{Part1}, was confirmed by Raman scattering studies of carbon zigzag-shaped nanotubes, produced by high energy ion beam modification of natural diamond single crystals. New quantum optics phenomenon - Rabi waves - has been experimentally identified for the first time. Raman spectra in perfect quasi-1D carbon nanotubes are quite different in comparison with well known Raman spectra in 2D carbon nanotubes of larger diameter. They characterized by vibronic mode of Su-Schriffer-Heeger $\\sigma$-polaron lattice and its revival part in frequency representation, which is the consequence of Rabi wave packet formation.

Dmitry Yearchuck; Alla Dovlatova

2011-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

273

Thermal performance evaluation of a solar air heater with and without thermal energy storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This communication presents the experimental study and performance analysis of a solar air heater with and without phase change ... found that the output temperature in case with thermal energy storage (TES) is h...

V. V. Tyagi; A. K. Pandey; S. C. Kaushik…

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Thermal Energy Storage for Electricity Peak-demand Mitigation: A Solution in Developing and Developed World Alike  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

N ATIONAL L ABORATORY Thermal Energy Storage for Electricity20, 2012. I. Dincer, On thermal energy storage systems andin research on cold thermal energy storage, International

DeForest, Nicholas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

MULTIPLE WELL VARIABLE RATE WELL TEST ANALYSIS OF DATA FROM THE AUBURN UNIVERSITY THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE PROGRAM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

experimental Thermal energy storage in confined aquifers. ©lAUBURN UNIVERSITY THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE PROGRM1 Christineseries of aquifer thermal energy storage field experiments.

Doughty, Christine

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

ThermalSoul | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ThermalSoul ThermalSoul Jump to: navigation, search Name ThermalSoul Place Austin, Texas Zip 78746 Sector Solar Product Austin, Texas-based parabolic trough-based solar thermal electrical generation systems maker. Coordinates 30.267605°, -97.742984° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":30.267605,"lon":-97.742984,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

277

Rational Material Architecture Design for Better Energy Storage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

onto carbon nanotubes for energy-storage applications.and Carbon Nanotubes, Advanced Energy Materials, 2011, 1,Energy Storage Architectures from Carbon Nanotubes and

Chen, Zheng

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Energy-Dependent Timing of Thermal Emission in Solar Flares  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report solar flare plasma to be multi-thermal in nature based on the theoretical model and study of the energy-dependent timing of thermal emission in ten M-class flares. We ... observed by the Si detector of ...

Rajmal Jain; Arun Kumar Awasthi; Arvind Singh Rajpurohit…

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Biexciton Stability in Carbon Nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have applied the quantum Monte Carlo method and tight-binding modeling to calculate the binding energy of biexcitons in semiconductor carbon nanotubes for a wide range of diameters and chiralities. For typical nanotube diameters we find that biexciton binding energies are much larger than previously predicted from variational methods, which easily brings the biexciton binding energy above the room temperature threshold.

David Kammerlander; Deborah Prezzi; Guido Goldoni; Elisa Molinari; Ulrich Hohenester

2007-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

280

Polysiloxane Nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Figure 3. Polysiloxane nanotube formation in the liquid phase method: (A) SEM image of polysiloxane nanotubes after a reaction time of 5 h (upper left corner) and after a reaction time of 16 h. ... Black line: (A) EDX spectra of the bulk of a closed tapered polysiloxane nanotube; blue line (B): tip of a closed tapered polysiloxane nanotubes; red lines: (C) tips when a 0.5 M solution of sodium chloride or (D) magnesium chloride was used instead of deionized water. ... Nanotube cost, polydispersity in nanotube type, and limitations in processing and assembly methods are important barriers for some applications of single-walled nanotubes. ...

Ana Stojanovic; Sandro Olveira; Maria Fischer; Stefan Seeger

2013-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotube thermal energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Thermal Energy Storage (TES): Past, Present and Future  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thermal Energy Storage (TES): Past, Present and Future Thermal Energy Storage (TES): Past, Present and Future Speaker(s): Klaus Schiess Date: June 10, 2011 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Sila Kiliccote Thermal Energy Storage (TES) is a technology that stores "cooling" energy in a thermal storage mass. In the eighties and early nineties the utilities in California incentivised this technology to shift electrical on-peak power to off-peak. Thereafter, for various reasons TES became the most neglected permanent load shifting opportunity. It is only now with the challenges that the renewables provide that TES may have a come- back because it is basically the best and most economical AC battery available with a round trip efficiency of 100% or even better. This presentation gives some background to this development and shows the interdependence of

282

Thermal Bypass Air Barriers in the 2009 International Energy...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

of thermal bypass air barriers, which led to their inclusion in ENERGY STAR for Homes Version 3 specifications in 2006 and then to inclusion in the 2009 IECC. Since...

283

Latent Heat or Phase Change Thermal Energy Storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It has been explained in sections 1.6 and 1.6.2 how phase change materials (PCM) have considerably higher thermal energy storage densities compared to sensible heat storage materials and are able to absorb or rel...

H. P. Garg; S. C. Mullick; A. K. Bhargava

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Augmentation of thermal power stations with solar energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new concept of integration of a solar concentrator field with a modern thermal power station is proposed. Such a configuration ... and infrastructure as a base load facility and solar energy to reduce the fuel ...

BR Pai

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

The Exchange-Value of Solar Thermal Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In Sweden there is a tendency that alternative energy will develop on market premises. In this ... I suggest that the low exergy value of solar thermal heat limits the technique“s commodification, i ... . By appl...

Johan Leidi

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

DRAFT. ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION (OTEC) PILOT PLANTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

screens for ocean thermal energy conversion power plants.cold deep-ocean waters to produce electric power via eitherpower from the temperature differential between warm surface and cold deep-ocean

Sullivan, S.M.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Designing a Thermal Energy Storage Program for Electric Utilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electric utilities are looking at thermal energy storage technology as a viable demand side management (DSM) option. In order for this DSM measure to be effective, it must be incorporated into a workable, well-structured utility program. This paper...

Niehus, T. L.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE IN AQUIFERS WORKSHOP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and R.A. Zakhidov, "Storage of Solar Energy in a Sandy-Heat as Related to the Storage of Solar Energy. Sharing the1974. Geothermal Storage of Solar Energy, in "Governors

Authors, Various

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

AQUIFER THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE-A SURVEY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

R. A. 8 1971, Storage of solar energy in a sandy-gravelthermal energy storage for cogeneration and solar systems,storage, solar captors for heat production 9 and heat pumps for energy

Tsang, Chin Fu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE IN AQUIFERS WORKSHOP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

III, "Man-made Geothermal Energy," presented at MiamiA.C.Meyers III; "Manmade Geothermal Energy", Proc. of Miamiin soils extraction of geothermal energy heat storage in the

Authors, Various

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Thermal Modernisation Through Utilisation of Solar Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper presents idea of modernization of energy system in buildings through implementation of traditional energy efficiency measures and introduction of modern options of utilization of solar energy systems...

Dorota Chwieduk

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE IN AQUIFERS WORKSHOP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

III, "Man-made Geothermal Energy," presented at MiamiA.C.Meyers III; "Manmade Geothermal Energy", Proc. of MiamiBlack is director of Geothermal Energy Systems, Fox Parry is

Authors, Various

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

List of Solar Thermal Process Heat Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Process Heat Incentives Process Heat Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 204 Solar Thermal Process Heat Incentives. CSV (rows 1 - 204) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active 30% Business Tax Credit for Solar (Vermont) Corporate Tax Credit Vermont Commercial Industrial Photovoltaics Solar Space Heat Solar Thermal Electric Solar Thermal Process Heat Solar Water Heat No APS - Renewable Energy Incentive Program (Arizona) Utility Rebate Program Arizona Commercial Residential Anaerobic Digestion Biomass Daylighting Geothermal Electric Ground Source Heat Pumps Landfill Gas Other Distributed Generation Technologies Photovoltaics Small Hydroelectric Solar Pool Heating Solar Space Heat Solar Thermal Process Heat

294

Maximizing Thermal Efficiency and Optimizing Energy Management (Fact Sheet), Thermal Test Facility (TTF), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Maximizing Thermal Efficiency and Maximizing Thermal Efficiency and Optimizing Energy Management Scientists at this living laboratory develop optimal solutions for managing energy flows within buildings and transportation systems. The built environment is stressing the utility grid to a greater degree than ever before. Growing demand for electric vehicles, space conditioning, and plug loads presents a critical opportunity for more effective energy management and development of efficiency technologies. Researchers at the Thermal Test Facility (TTF) on the campus of the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) in Golden, Colorado, are addressing this opportunity. Through analysis of efficient heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) strategies, automated home energy management (AHEM), and energy storage systems,

295

Phase-change thermal energy storage: Final subcontract report  

SciTech Connect

The research and development described in this document was conducted within the US Department of Energy's Solar Thermal Technology Program. The goal of this program is to advance the engineering and scientific understanding of solar thermal technology and to establish the technology base from which private industry can develop solar thermal power production options for introduction into the competitive energy market. Solar thermal technology concentrates the solar flux using tracking mirrors or lenses onto a receiver where the solar energy is absorbed as heat and converted into electricity or incorporated into products as process heat. The two primary solar thermal technologies, central receivers and distributed receivers, employ various point and line-focus optics to concentrate sunlight. Current central receiver systems use fields of heliostats (two-axes tracking mirrors) to focus the sun's radiant energy onto a single, tower-mounted receiver. Point focus concentrators up to 17 meters in diameter track the sun in two axes and use parabolic dish mirrors or Fresnel lenses to focus radiant energy onto a receiver. Troughs and bowls are line-focus tracking reflectors that concentrate sunlight onto receiver tubes along their focal lines. Concentrating collector modules can be used alone or in a multimodule system. The concentrated radiant energy absorbed by the solar thermal receiver is transported to the conversion process by a circulating working fluid. Receiver temperatures range from 100{degree}C in low-temperature troughs to over 1500{degree}C in dish and central receiver systems. 12 refs., 119 figs., 4 tabs.

Not Available

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Increasing carbon nanotube forest density  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The outstanding mechanical, electrical, thermal, and morphological properties of individual carbon nanotubes (CNTs) open up exciting potential applications in a wide range of fields. One such application is replacing the ...

McCarthy, Alexander P

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Definition: Thermal Ion Dispersion | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dispersion Dispersion Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Thermal Ion Dispersion Thermal Ion Dispersion (TID) is a method used by the precious-metals industry to determine the movement of hot, mineral-bearing waters through rocks, gravels, and soils. The survey involves collection of soil samples and analyses of ions by an enzyme leach process done by commercial laboratories. The method utilizes the property of elements to be dissolved, transported, or deposited depending on the temperature of the thermal waters.{{#tag:ref|[[Final Technical Report}}[1][2][3][4] Also Known As enzyme leach References ↑ Geothermal Resource Evaluation And Definitioni (Gred) Program-Phases I ↑ Ii ↑ And Iii For The Animas Valley ↑ Nm Geothermal Resource]] {{#set:Reference URI={{#explode:{{#replace:[[Final Technical Report|[|}}|

298

Amulaire Thermal Technology | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Amulaire Thermal Technology Amulaire Thermal Technology Jump to: navigation, search Name Amulaire Thermal Technology Address 11555 Sorrento Valley Road Place San Diego, California Zip 92121 Sector Efficiency Product Makes heat-dissipation products used in liquid cooling systems Website http://www.amulaire.com/ Coordinates 32.912393°, -117.231201° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.912393,"lon":-117.231201,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

299

Gas sorption properties of zwitterion-functionalized carbon nanotubes  

SciTech Connect

We have functionalized carbon nanotubes with carboxylic acid and zwitterion groups. We have evaluated the effect of functionalization by measuring the sorption of CO{sub 2}, CH{sub 4}, and N{sub 2} at 35? for pressures up to 10 bar. Zwitterion functionalized nanotubes were found to be highly hygroscopic. Thermal gravimetric analysis indicates that water can be desorbed at about 200°C. The adsorption of gases in zwitterion functionalized nanotubes is dramatically reduced compared with nanotubes functionalized with carboxylic acid groups. The presence of water on the zwitterion functionalized nanotube reduces the sorption even further. Molecular simulations show that three or more zwitterion groups per tube entrance are required to significantly reduce the flux of CO{sub 2} into the tubes. Simulations also show that gas phase water is rapidly sorbed into the zwitterion functionalized nanotubes, both increasing the free energy barrier to CO{sub 2} entering the tube and also lowering the equilibrium adsorption through competitive adsorption.

Surapathi, Anil; Chen, Hang-yan; Marand, Eva; Johnson, J Karl, Zdenka Sedlakova

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

300

Property:ThermalInfo | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Property Property Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Property:ThermalInfo Jump to: navigation, search Property Name ThermalInfo Property Type Text Subproperties This property has the following 93 subproperties: A Acoustic Logs Active Seismic Methods Active Sensors Aeromagnetic Survey Airborne Electromagnetic Survey Analytical Modeling C Caliper Log Cation Geothermometers Cement Bond Log Conceptual Model Controlled Source Frequency-Domain Magnetics Cross-Dipole Acoustic Log Cuttings Analysis D Data Acquisition-Manipulation Data Collection and Mapping Data Techniques Data and Modeling Techniques Density Log Direct-Current Resistivity Survey Drilling Methods E Earth Tidal Analysis Electric Micro Imager Log Electromagnetic Sounding Methods Elemental Analysis with Fluid Inclusion

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotube thermal energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Unique Solar Thermal Laboratory Gets an Upgrade | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Unique Solar Thermal Laboratory Gets an Upgrade Unique Solar Thermal Laboratory Gets an Upgrade Unique Solar Thermal Laboratory Gets an Upgrade September 10, 2010 - 2:54pm Addthis This “power tower” is part of the National Solar Thermal Test Facility in Albuquerque, which is getting upgrades through Recovery Act funding. | Photo Courtesy of Sandia National Laboratories This "power tower" is part of the National Solar Thermal Test Facility in Albuquerque, which is getting upgrades through Recovery Act funding. | Photo Courtesy of Sandia National Laboratories Lorelei Laird Writer, Energy Empowers The National Solar Thermal Test Facility at Sandia National Laboratories is unique - and in demand. The Facility has been instrumental in NASA tests, national defense programs and concentrated solar technology development.

302

Portfolio Manager Technical Reference: Thermal Conversion Factors | ENERGY  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thermal Conversion Factors Thermal Conversion Factors Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources Success stories Target Finder

303

Aquifer thermal energy storage reference manual: seasonal thermal energy storage program  

SciTech Connect

This is the reference manual of the Seasonal Thermal Energy Storage (STES) Program, and is the primary document for the transfer of technical information of the STES Program. It has been issued in preliminary form and will be updated periodically to include more technical data and results of research. As the program progresses and new technical data become available, sections of the manual will be revised to incorporate these data. This primary document contains summaries of: the TRW, incorporated demonstration project at Behtel, Alaska, Dames and Moore demonstration project at Stony Brook, New York, and the University of Minnesota demonstration project at Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota; the technical support programs including legal/institutional assessment; economic assessment; environmental assessment; field test facilities; a compendia of existing information; numerical simulation; and non-aquifer STES concepts. (LCL)

Prater, L.S.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

AQUIFER THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE-A SURVEY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Zakhidov, R. A. 8 1971, Storage of solar energy in a sandy-aquifers for heat storage, solar captors for heat productionthermal energy storage for cogeneration and solar systems,

Tsang, Chin Fu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Thermodynamic Optimization in Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As alternative energy sources to oil and uranium, we can consider well known alternative sources such as solar power, geothermal power and wind power. However when we consider the 21st century energy sources, ocean

Y. Ikegami; H. Uehara

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Thermal conductor for high-energy electrochemical cells  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thermal conductor for use with an electrochemical energy storage device is disclosed. The thermal conductor is attached to one or both of the anode and cathode contacts of an electrochemical cell. A resilient portion of the conductor varies in height or position to maintain contact between the conductor and an adjacent wall structure of a containment vessel in response to relative movement between the conductor and the wall structure. The thermal conductor conducts current into and out of the electrochemical cell and conducts thermal energy between the electrochemical cell and thermally conductive and electrically resistive material disposed between the conductor and the wall structure. The thermal conductor may be fabricated to include a resilient portion having one of a substantially C-shaped, double C-shaped, Z-shaped, V-shaped, O-shaped, S-shaped, or finger-shaped cross-section. An elastomeric spring element may be configured so as to be captured by the resilient conductor for purposes of enhancing the functionality of the thermal conductor. The spring element may include a protrusion that provides electrical insulation between the spring conductor and a spring conductor of an adjacently disposed electrochemical cell in the presence of relative movement between the cells and the wall structure. The thermal conductor may also be fabricated from a sheet of electrically conductive material and affixed to the contacts of a number of electrochemical cells.

Hoffman, Joseph A. (Minneapolis, MN); Domroese, Michael K. (South St. Paul, MN); Lindeman, David D. (Hudson, WI); Radewald, Vern E. (Austin, TX); Rouillard, Roger (Beloeil, CA); Trice, Jennifer L. (Eagan, MN)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Thermoelectric power in carbon nanotubes  

SciTech Connect

The theoretical results for the temperature dependence of the thermoelectric power of graphite and semimetal carbon nanotubes are reported. In the calculations, the cylindrical superatomic range structure of nanotubes is taken into account. The Boltzmann equation and the {pi}-electron model of semimetal carbon nanotubes are used. The basic parameters of the calculation are the concentration of electrons, the Fermi energy, and the energy of the local level associated with the cylindrical structure of carbon nanotubes. The theoretical results are compared with the available experimental data.

Mavrinskiy, A. V., E-mail: mavrinsky@gmail.com; Baitinger, E. M. [Chelyabinsk State Pedagogical University (Russian Federation)

2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

308

Optical dichroism in nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Utilizing the line-group symmetry of single-wall nanotubes, we have assigned their electron-energy bands by symmetry-based quantum numbers. The selection rules for optical absorption are presented in terms of these quantum numbers. Different interband transitions become allowed as the polarization of incident light is varied, and we predict a substantial optical dichroism. We suggest how to observe this effect in experiments on a single nanotube, and how it can be used to control quantum transport in nanotubes to obtain information about the structure.

I. Božovi?; N. Božovi?; M. Damnjanovi?

2000-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

309

Tunable multiwalled nanotube resonator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A tunable nanoscale resonator has potential applications in precise mass, force, position, and frequency measurement. One embodiment of this device consists of a specially prepared multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWNT) suspended between a metal electrode and a mobile, piezoelectrically controlled contact. By harnessing a unique telescoping ability of MWNTs, one may controllably slide an inner nanotube core from its outer nanotube casing, effectively changing its length and thereby changing the tuning of its resonance frequency. Resonant energy transfer may be used with a nanoresonator to detect molecules at a specific target oscillation frequency, without the use of a chemical label, to provide label-free chemical species detection.

Jensen, Kenneth J; Girit, Caglar O; Mickelson, William E; Zettl, Alexander K; Grossman, Jeffrey C

2013-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

310

Advanced Organic Vapor Cycles for Improving Thermal Conversion Efficiency in Renewable Energy Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

such as in solar energy and geothermal energy [183]. Solar128] V Minea, "Using Geothermal Energy and Industrial Wastesuch as solar thermal and geothermal energy will become an

Ho, Tony

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Advanced Organic Vapor Cycles for Improving Thermal Conversion Efficiency in Renewable Energy Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

128] V Minea, "Using Geothermal Energy and Industrial Wastesuch as solar thermal and geothermal energy will become ansolar field, and geothermal energy, where energy is obtained

Ho, Tony

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Eurotherm Seminar #99 Advances in Thermal Energy Storage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Eurotherm Seminar #99 Advances in Thermal Energy Storage 1 EUROTHERM99-01-103 Convection Energy Storage 2 Nussel number. This study shows that an increase in the convection coefficient leads in this paper consists in horizontal PCM plates separated by an air flow. This is a storage system dedicated

Boyer, Edmond

313

Advanced Organic Vapor Cycles for Improving Thermal Conversion Efficiency in Renewable Energy Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar Thermal Energy Research," in Sandia National Laboratory Science and Engineering Exposition 2011, Albuquerque, New Mexico,

Ho, Tony

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

National Thermal Power Corporation NTPC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NTPC NTPC Jump to: navigation, search Name National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) Place New Delhi, Delhi (NCT), India Zip 110003 Sector Biomass, Hydro, Solar, Wind energy Product Delhi-based, state owned largest thermal power generating company of India. The firm has also ventured into consultancy, power trading, ash utilisation and coal mining. The firm is also developing various wind, solar, small hydro and biomass project. References National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) is a company located in New Delhi, Delhi (NCT), India . References ↑ "National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC)"

315

Gulf Power - Solar Thermal Water Heating Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Gulf Power - Solar Thermal Water Heating Program Gulf Power - Solar Thermal Water Heating Program Gulf Power - Solar Thermal Water Heating Program < Back Eligibility Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Solar Water Heating Maximum Rebate $1,000 Program Info State Florida Program Type Utility Rebate Program Provider Energy Efficiency '''''This program reopened on October 3, 2011 for 2012 applications. Funding is limited and must be reserved through online application before the installation of qualifying solar water heating systems. See Gulf Power's [http://www.gulfpower.com/renewable/solarThermal.asp Solar Water Heating] web site for more information.''''' Gulf Power offers a Solar Thermal Water Heating rebate to customers who install water heaters. This program started after the original pilot

316

Structure and heat capacity of Ne and Xe adsorbed on a bundle of carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The structural and thermal properties of Ne and Xe gases adsorbed on the outer surface of a large nanotube bundle have been evaluated with computer simulation. The potential energy model and numerical techniques were used previously to study Ar [N. M. Urban, S. M. Gatica, M. W. Cole, and J. L. Riccardo, ``Correlation functions and thermal properties of Ar adsorbed on the external surface of a bundle of carbon nanotubes'', Phys. Rev. B 71, 245410 (2005)]. Heat capacity results for Ne and Xe exhibit peaks associated with reordering and ``stripe'' melting transitions for these gases.

Daniel E. Shai; Nathan M. Urban; Milton W. Cole

2007-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

317

Carbon Nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A broad review of the structure and properties of carbon nanotubes is presented. Particular emphasis is given to ... dimensional density of states predicted for single-wall nanotubes of small diameter. The eviden...

M. S. Dresselhaus; G. Dresselhaus…

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Southside Thermal Services Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ltd Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Southside Thermal Services Ltd Place London, Greater London, United Kingdom Zip SW7 2AZ Product String representation "Southside Therm ... perial College." is too long. Coordinates 51.506325°, -0.127144° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":51.506325,"lon":-0.127144,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

319

Graphane Nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Graphane Nanotubes ... A possible reaction path to GN(10,10)-A is suggested by the reaction of single-walled carbon nanotube (10,10) + H2; the indications are that the GN(10,10)-A can be made at low temperature and high partial pressure of H2 gas from the corresponding nanotube. ...

Xiao-Dong Wen; Tao Yang; Roald Hoffmann; N. W. Ashcroft; Richard L. Martin; Sven P. Rudin; Jian-Xin Zhu

2012-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

320

Inorganic nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Terrones and Humberto Terrones Inorganic nanotubes Reshef Tenne 1 C. N. R. Rao 2 1 Department...discovery of carbon fullerenes and carbon nanotubes, it was hypothesized that nanoparticles...not be stable against folding and form nanotubes and fullerene-like structures: IF...

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotube thermal energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

& Nanotubes Polytwistane  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

& Nanotubes Polytwistane Shiblee R. Barua,[a] Henrik Quanz,[b] Martin Olbrich,[c] Peter R with ethano (ethane-1,2-diyl) bridges to create a new chiral, C2-symmetric hydrocarbon nanotube called of C(sp3 )Ă?H units, all of which are chemically equivalent. The polytwistane nanotube has the smallest

Trauner, Dirk

322

Thermal energy storage technical progress report, April 1992--March 1993  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy (DOE) is supporting development of thermal energy storage (TES) as a means of efficiently coupling energy supplies to variable heating or cooling demands. Uses of TES include electrical demand-side management in buildings and industry, extending the utilization of renewable energy resources such as solar, and recovery of waste heat from periodic industrial processes. Technical progress to develop TES for specific diurnal and industrial applications under the Oak Ridge National Laboratory`s TES program from April 1992 to March 1993 is reported and covers research in the areas of low temperature sorption, thermal energy storage water heater, latent heat storage wallboard and latent/sensible heat regenerator technology development.

Olszewski, M.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Simulation and experimental study on honeycomb-ceramic thermal energy storage for solar thermal systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A honeycomb-ceramic thermal energy storage (TES) was proposed for thermal utilization of concentrating solar energy. A numerical model was developed to simulate the thermal performances, and TES experiments were carried out to demonstrate and improve the model. The outlet temperature difference between simulation and experimental results was within 5% at the end of a charging period, indicating the simulation model was reasonable. The simulation model was applied to predict the effects of geometric, thermo-physical parameters and flow fluxes on TES performances. The temperature dropped more quickly and decreased to a lower temperature in discharging period when the conductivity was smaller. The storage capacity increased with the growth of volumetric heat capacity. As to a TES with big channels and thin walls, the outlet temperature increased quickly and greatly in a charging process and dropped sharply in a discharging process.

Zhongyang Luo; Cheng Wang; Gang Xiao; Mingjiang Ni; Kefa Cen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Progress from DOE EF RC: Solid-State Solar-Thermal Energy Conversion...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Research Center of the DOE Office of Basic Energy Sciences SOLID-STATE SOLAR-THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION CENTER Progress from DOE EFRC: Solid-State Solar-Thermal Energy...

325

Assessment of Microbial Fouling in an Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Experiment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Press Inc., New York. 14. Hirshman...Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion...Press Inc., New York. 24. Mathis...Ocean thermal energy: the biggest...Department of Energy, part II. U...Pergamon Press, New York. 28. Perrigo...

R. Paul Aftring; Barrie F. Taylor

1979-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Recycling of wasted energy : thermal to electrical energy conversion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

total energy received by today’s solar panels and is beings best solar panels can convert only ~16% of solar energy to

Lim, Hyuck

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Semi-transparent solar energy thermal storage device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A visually transmitting solar energy absorbing thermal storage module includes a thermal storage liquid containment chamber defined by an interior solar absorber panel, an exterior transparent panel having a heat mirror surface substantially covering the exterior surface thereof and associated top, bottom and side walls. Evaporation of the thermal storage liquid is controlled by a low vapor pressure liquid layer that floats on and seals the top surface of the liquid. Porous filter plugs are placed in filler holes of the module. An algicide and a chelating compound are added to the liquid to control biological and chemical activity while retaining visual clarity. A plurality of modules may be supported in stacked relation by a support frame to form a thermal storage wall structure.

McClelland, John F. (Ames, IA)

1986-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

328

Semi-transparent solar energy thermal storage device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A visually transmitting solar energy absorbing thermal storage module includes a thermal storage liquid containment chamber defined by an interior solar absorber panel, an exterior transparent panel having a heat mirror surface substantially covering the exterior surface thereof and associated top, bottom and side walls, Evaporation of the thermal storage liquid is controlled by a low vapor pressure liquid layer that floats on and seals the top surface of the liquid. Porous filter plugs are placed in filler holes of the module. An algicide and a chelating compound are added to the liquid to control biological and chemical activity while retaining visual clarity. A plurality of modules may be supported in stacked relation by a support frame to form a thermal storage wall structure.

McClelland, John F. (Ames, IA)

1985-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

329

Molten Glass for Thermal Storage: Advanced Molten Glass for Heat Transfer and Thermal Energy Storage  

SciTech Connect

HEATS Project: Halotechnics is developing a high-temperature thermal energy storage system using a new thermal-storage and heat-transfer material: earth-abundant and low-melting-point molten glass. Heat storage materials are critical to the energy storage process. In solar thermal storage systems, heat can be stored in these materials during the day and released at night—when the sun is not out—to drive a turbine and produce electricity. In nuclear storage systems, heat can be stored in these materials at night and released to produce electricity during daytime peak-demand hours. Halotechnics new thermal storage material targets a price that is potentially cheaper than the molten salt used in most commercial solar thermal storage systems today. It is also extremely stable at temperatures up to 1200°C—hundreds of degrees hotter than the highest temperature molten salt can handle. Being able to function at high temperatures will significantly increase the efficiency of turning heat into electricity. Halotechnics is developing a scalable system to pump, heat, store, and discharge the molten glass. The company is leveraging technology used in the modern glass industry, which has decades of experience handling molten glass.

None

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Effect of percolation on thermal transport in nanotube composites School of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. It is found that percolation effects may play a role for tube-tube and tube-substrate thermal resistance macroelectronics,1­7 thermal manage- ment,8­10 and high strength materials.11 In these applications, CNTs widely used effective medium approximations.16 However, recent studies of thermal contact resistance have

Alam, Muhammad A.

331

Lithium insertion into purified and etched multi-walled carbon nanotubes synthesized on supported catalysts by thermal CVD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

density Li-ion rechargeable battery. MWNTs prepared by various synthesis conditions [18­ 20] and thermal catalysts by thermal CVD J.Y. Eom a,*, H.S. Kwon a , J. Liu b , O. Zhou c a Department of Materials Science. MWNTs were synthesized on the supported catalysts by the thermal CVD method, purified and chemically

Liu, Jie

332

Low Energy Buildings: CFD Techniques for Natural Ventilation and Thermal  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Low Energy Buildings: CFD Techniques for Natural Ventilation and Thermal Low Energy Buildings: CFD Techniques for Natural Ventilation and Thermal Comfort Prediction Speaker(s): Malcolm Cook Date: February 14, 2013 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Michael Wetter Malcolm's presentation will cover both his research and consultancy activities. This will cover the work he has undertaken during his time spent working with architects on low energy building design, with a particular focus on natural ventilation and passive cooling strategies, and the role computer simulation can play in this design process. Malcolm will talk about the simulation techniques employed, as well as the innovative passive design principles that have led to some of the UK's most energy efficient buildings. In addition to UK building projects, the talk will

333

Thermal energy storage technical progress report, April 1990--March 1991  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy (DOE) is supporting development of thermal energy storage (TES) as a means of efficiently coupling energy supplies to variable heating or cooling demands. Uses of TES include electrical demand-side management in buildings and industry, extending the utilization of renewable energy resources such as solar, and recovery of waste heat from periodic industrial processes. Technical progress to develop TES for specific diurnal and industrial applications under Oak Ridge National Laboratory's TES program from April 1990 to March 1992 is reported and covers research in the areas of low temperature sorption, direct contact ice making, latent heat storage plasterboard and latent/sensible heat regenerator technology development.

Tomlinson, J.J.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Thermal energy storage technical progress report, April 1990--March 1991  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy (DOE) is supporting development of thermal energy storage (TES) as a means of efficiently coupling energy supplies to variable heating or cooling demands. Uses of TES include electrical demand-side management in buildings and industry, extending the utilization of renewable energy resources such as solar, and recovery of waste heat from periodic industrial processes. Technical progress to develop TES for specific diurnal and industrial applications under Oak Ridge National Laboratory`s TES program from April 1990 to March 1992 is reported and covers research in the areas of low temperature sorption, direct contact ice making, latent heat storage plasterboard and latent/sensible heat regenerator technology development.

Tomlinson, J.J.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Encapsulation of High Temperature Phase Change Materials for Thermal Energy Storage.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Thermal energy storage is a major contributor to bridge the gap between energy demand (consumption) and energy production (supply) by concentrating solar power. The utilization… (more)

Nath, Rupa

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Advanced Organic Vapor Cycles for Improving Thermal Conversion Efficiency in Renewable Energy Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

temperature energy resources such as solar thermal,low temperature energy resources such as solar ponds (70 orenewable energy resources such as non-concentrated solar

Ho, Tony

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

FRONTIERS ARTICLE Fundamentals of energy transport, energy conversion, and thermal properties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FRONTIERS ARTICLE Fundamentals of energy transport, energy conversion, and thermal properties, thermoelectrics, and photovoltaics. However, energy transport and conversion, at the organic­inorganic interface and as an energy conversion technology. Aviram and Ratner's revolutionary suggestion that molecules could behave

Malen, Jonathan A.

338

Thermal Storage Materials Laboratory (Fact Sheet), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory), Energy Systems Integration Facility (ESIF)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Storage Materials Storage Materials Laboratory may include: * CSP technology developers * Utilities * Certification laboratories * Government agencies * Universities * Other National laboratories Contact Us If you are interested in working with NREL's Thermal Storage Materials Laboratory, please contact: ESIF Manager Carolyn Elam Carolyn.Elam@nrel.gov 303-275-4311 Thermal Storage Materials Laboratory The Thermal Storage Materials Laboratory at NREL's Energy Systems Integration Facility (ESIF) investigates materials that can be used as high-temperature heat transfer fluids or thermal energy storage media in concentrating solar power (CSP) plants. Research objectives include the discovery and evaluation of

339

Nanotube junctions  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention comprises a new nanoscale metal-semiconductor, semiconductor-semiconductor, or metal-metal junction, designed by introducing topological or chemical defects in the atomic structure of the nanotube. Nanotubes comprising adjacent sections having differing electrical properties are described. These nanotubes can be constructed from combinations of carbon, boron, nitrogen and other elements. The nanotube can be designed having different indices on either side of a junction point in a continuous tube so that the electrical properties on either side of the junction vary in a useful fashion. For example, the inventive nanotube may be electrically conducting on one side of a junction and semiconducting on the other side. An example of a semiconductor-metal junction is a Schottky barrier. Alternatively, the nanotube may exhibit different semiconductor properties on either side of the junction. Nanotubes containing heterojunctions, Schottky barriers, and metal-metal junctions are useful for microcircuitry.

Crespi, Vincent Henry (Darien, IL); Cohen, Marvin Lou (Berkeley, CA); Louie, Steven Gwon Sheng (Berkeley, CA); Zettl, Alexander Karlwalter (Kensington, CA)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Thermal energy conversion to motive power  

SciTech Connect

Performance evaluations of both ideal and actual organic Rankine cycle (ORC) and steam Rankine cycles (SRC) are presented for systems that may be candidates for Solar Total Energy Systems (STES). Many organic fluids and heat engines (turbines or expanders) are being developed; therefore, performance of a few representative ORCs are evaluated. The electrical power outputs range from several kW to <10 MW with maximum cycle temperatures of 482/sup 0/C (900 F). Conclusions from basic Rankine cycle analyses are that the Carnot cycle concept should not be used as a standard of comparison for different cycle fluids, even when they are operating at the same inlet and exhaust temperatures. The ideal Rankine cycle with the maximum conversion efficiency, when based on exact physical properties of fluids, should provide a better standard for actual cycles. Three sets of maximum (ideal) Rankine cycle efficiency (n/sub r/) curves are estimated for steam and several organic fluids for exhaust temperatures of 38/sup 0/C, 100/sup 0/C, and 149/sup 0/C (100 F, 212 F, and 300F). These curves of n/sub r/ versus peak temperature at the expander inlet are referred to as Criterion Curves for basic Rankine cycles, in which corresponding inlet pressures are selected such that n/sub r/ will be a maximum. Basic cycle efficiencies indicate some fluids preferred for solar total energy applications.

Meador, J.T.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotube thermal energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Design and optimization of solid thermal energy storage modules for solar thermal power plant applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Solid sensible heat storage is an attractive option for high-temperature storage applications in terms of investment and maintenance costs. Typical solid thermal energy storage systems use a heat transfer fluid to exchange heat as the fluid flows through a tubular heat exchanger embedded in the solid storage material. The modified lumped capacitance method is used with an effective heat transfer coefficient in a simplified analysis of the heat transfer in solid thermal energy storage systems for a solid cylindrical heat storage unit. The analytical solution was found using the Laplace transform method. The solution was then used to develop an optimization method for designing solid storage modules which uses the system requirements (released energy and fluid outlet temperature) as the constraint conditions and the storage module cost as the objective function for the optimization. Optimized results are then given for many kinds of system configurations.

Yongfang Jian; Quentin Falcoz; Pierre Neveu; Fengwu Bai; Yan Wang; Zhifeng Wang

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Thermal Energy Storage/Heat Recovery and Energy Conservation in Food Processing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

discharges can be made more economically attrac tank holding several thousand gallons of water tive by incorporating thermal energy storage in a maintained at 128-130?F. This scald tank is con heat recovery system. Thermal energy storage can stantly... the ultimate energy end use. of wasting this hot water to the plant drain, a heat A project conducted by the Georgia Tech exchanger was installed at the Gold Kist plant to Engineering Experiment Station to demonstrate preheat scald tank makeup water...

Combes, R. S.; Boykin, W. B.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Electrical, electromagnetic and structural characteristics of carbon nanotube-polymer nanocomposites  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

functionalized nanotubes and the RET is seen in the energyfunctionalized nanotubes and the RET is seen in the energythe nanotubes and the RET, and was evidenced by the energy

Park, Sung-Hoon

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

An investigation of the efficiency of the receiver of a solar thermal cooker with thermal energy storage.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A small scale solar concentrator cooker with a thermal energy storage system was designed, constructed and tested on the roof of the Physics building at… (more)

Heilgendorff, Heiko Martin.

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Electrochemical Synthesis and Structural Characterization of Titania Nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy As-Grown Nanotubes EDSsurface energy, and other driving forces. As such, nanotubesenergy loss spectroscopy (EELS). Identification of the crystalline nature of the nanotubes

Nguyen, Que Anh

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

A Generic Approach to Coat Carbon Nanotubes With Nanoparticles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Generic Approach to Coat Carbon Nanotubes With Nanoparticles for Potential Energy Applications vari- ous nanoparticles onto multiwalled carbon nanotubes (CNTs). Charged and nonagglomerated aerosol unique hybrid nanostructures at- tractive for various energy applications. DOI: 10

Chen, Junhong

347

CARBON NANOTUBES: PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS  

SciTech Connect

Carbon nanotubes were discovered in 1991 as a minority byproduct of fullerene synthesis. Remarkable progress has been made in the ensuing years, including the discovery of two basic types of nanotubes (single-wall and multi-wall), great strides in synthesis and purification, elucidation of many fundamental physical properties, and important steps towards practical applications. Both the underlying science and technological potential of SWNT can profitably be studied at the scale of individual tubes and on macroscopic assemblies such as fibers. Experiments on single tubes directly reveal many of the predicted quantum confinement and mechanical properties. Semiconductor nanowires have many features in common with nanotubes, and many of the same fundamental and practical issues are in play – quantum confinement and its effect on properties; possible device structures and circuit architectures; thermal management; optimal synthesis, defect morphology and control, etc. In 2000 we began a small effort in this direction, conducted entirely by undergraduates with minimal consumables support from this grant. With DOE-BES approval, this grew into a project in parallel with the carbon nanotube work, in which we studied of inorganic semiconductor nanowire growth, characterization and novel strategies for electronic and electromechanical device fabrication. From the beginnings of research on carbon nanotubes, one of the major applications envisioned was hydrogen storage for fuel-cell powered cars and trucks. Subsequent theoretical models gave mixed results, the most pessimistic indicating that the fundamental H2-SWNT interaction was similar to flat graphite (physisorption) with only modest binding energies implying cryogenic operation at best. New material families with encouraging measured properties have emerged, and materials modeling has gained enormously in predictive power, sophistication, and the ability to treat a realistically representative number of atoms. One of the new materials, highly porous carbide-derived carbons (CDC), is the subject of an add-on to this grant awarded to myself and Taner Yildirim (NIST). Results from the add-on led eventually to a new 3-year award DE-FG02-08ER46522 “From Fundamental Understanding to Predicting New Nanomaterials for High Capacity Hydrogen Storage”, $1000K, (05/31/2008 - 05/01/2011) with Taner Yildirim and myself as co-PI’s.

Fischer, John, E.

2009-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

348

Energy Cascading Combined with Thermal Energy Storage in Industry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The opportunities for energy conservation through the application of storage cascades has not previously been examined in...

R. J. Wood; D. T. Baldwin; P. W. O’Callaghan…

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

SunShot Initiative: High-Efficiency Thermal Energy Storage System for CSP  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

High-Efficiency Thermal Energy High-Efficiency Thermal Energy Storage System for CSP to someone by E-mail Share SunShot Initiative: High-Efficiency Thermal Energy Storage System for CSP on Facebook Tweet about SunShot Initiative: High-Efficiency Thermal Energy Storage System for CSP on Twitter Bookmark SunShot Initiative: High-Efficiency Thermal Energy Storage System for CSP on Google Bookmark SunShot Initiative: High-Efficiency Thermal Energy Storage System for CSP on Delicious Rank SunShot Initiative: High-Efficiency Thermal Energy Storage System for CSP on Digg Find More places to share SunShot Initiative: High-Efficiency Thermal Energy Storage System for CSP on AddThis.com... Concentrating Solar Power Systems Components Competitive Awards CSP Research & Development Thermal Storage CSP Recovery Act

350

Broadband Photodetector Based on Carbon Nanotube Fibers Simon Lee,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UG-30 Broadband Photodetector Based on Carbon Nanotube Fibers Simon Lee,1 Xuan Wang absorption properties of the carbon nanotube fibers generate a thermal distribution across the length of applications of carbon nanotubes has been constantly expanding since its inception. From being a copper wire

351

Solar thermal energy contract list, fiscal year 1990  

SciTech Connect

The federal government has conducted the national Solar Thermal Technology Program since 1975. Its purpose is to provide focus, direction, and funding for the development of solar thermal technology as an energy option for the United States. This year's document is more concise than the summaries of previous years. The FY 1990 contract overview comprises a list of all subcontracts begun, ongoing, or completed during FY 1990 (October 1, 1989, through September 30, 1990). Under each managing laboratory projects are listed alphabetically by project area and then by subcontractor name. Amount of funding milestones are listed.

Not Available

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Energy management in solar thermal power plants with double thermal storage system and subdivided solar field  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the paper, two systems for solar thermal power plants (STPPs) are devised for improving the overall performance of the plant. Each one attempts to reduce losses coming from two respective sources. The systems are simulated and compared to a reference STPP. They consists on: (a) a double thermal energy storage (DTS) with different functionalities for each storage and (b) the subdivision of the solar collector field (SSF) into specialised sectors, so that each sector is designed to meet a thermal requirement, usually through an intermediate heat exchanger. This subdivision reduces the losses in the solar field by means of a decrease of the temperature of the heat transfer fluid (HTF). Double thermal energy storage is intended for keeping the plant working at nominal level for many hours a day, including post-sunset hours. One of the storages gathers a fluid which is heated up to temperatures above the nominal one. In order to make it work, the solar field must be able to overheat the fluid at peak hours. The second storage is the classical one. The combination of both allows the manager of the plant to keep the nominal of the plant for longer periods than in the case of classical thermal energy storage. To the authors’ knowledge, it is the first time that both configurations are presented and simulated for the case of parabolic through STPP with HTF technology. The results show that, if compared to the reference STPP, both configurations may raise the annual electricity generation (up to 1.7% for the DTS case and 3.9% for the SSF case).

Antonio Rovira; María José Montes; Manuel Valdes; José María Martínez-Val

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Characterization of composites with aligned carbon nanotubes (CNTs) as reinforcement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon nanotubes' (CNTs) superlative combination of electrical, thermal, and especially mechanical properties make them ideal candidates for composite reinforcement. Nanocomposites and hybrid composite architectures employing ...

García, Enrique J

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Preparation and Characterisation of Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotubes.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis presents the preparation of vertically aligned carbon nanotubes using porous anodic alumina templates via thermal chemical vapour deposition. The characteristics of prepared carbon… (more)

Xu, Rui

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Technical assessment of solar thermal energy storage technologies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Solar energy is recognized as one of the most promising alternative energy options. On sunny days, solar energy systems generally collect more energy than necessary for direct use. Therefore, the design and development of solar energy storage systems, is of vital importance and nowadays one of the greatest efforts in solar research. These systems, being part of a complete solar installation, provide an optimum tuning between heat demand and heat supply. This paper reviews the basic concepts, systems design, and the latest developments in (sensible and latent heat) thermal energy storage. Parameters influencing the storage system selection, the advantages and disadvantages of each system, and the problems encountered during the systems operation are highlighted.

Hassan E.S. Fath

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

A methodology for a thermal energy building audit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The present paper introduces a new method for the certification of the energy consumption of a building recording its “energy behavior”. The method utilizes energy indices such as Index of Thermal Charge or Index of Energy Disposition to simulate the heat losses of the building and the heat flow because of the temperature difference (?T) from the inner to outer space. The present method and the algorithm that is implemented could be used as a part of a building energy audit or as a single audit method. Additionally it could be used for the inspection of the energy efficiency in public or municipal buildings. The forenamed method is currently under investigation by the present research team.

Pantelis N. Botsaris; Spyridon Prebezanos

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Beijing Tianyin Thermal Development Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tianyin Thermal Development Co Ltd Tianyin Thermal Development Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Beijing Tianyin Thermal Development Co Ltd Place Beijing, China Zip 100000 Sector Geothermal energy Product A professional developer of large-scale geothermal resource. Coordinates 39.90601°, 116.387909° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.90601,"lon":116.387909,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

358

Energy Conversion of Fully Random Thermal Relaxation Times  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermodynamic random processes in thermal systems are generally associated with one or several relaxation times, the inverse of which are formally homogeneous with energy. Here, we show in a precise way that the periodic modification of relaxation times during temperature-constant thermodynamic cycles can be thermodynamically beneficiary to the operator. This result holds as long as the operator who adjusts relaxation times does not attempt to control the randomness associated with relaxation times itself as a Maxwell 'demon' would do. Indirectly, our result also shows that thermal randomness appears satisfactorily described within a conventional quantum-statistical framework, and that the attempts advocated notably by Ilya Prigogine to go beyond a Hilbert space description of quantum statistics do not seem justified - at least according to the present state of our knowledge. Fundamental interpretation of randomness, either thermal or quantum mechanical, is briefly discussed.

François Barriquand

2005-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

359

Spectroscopic Properties of Nanotube-Chromophore Hybrids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recently, individual single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) functionalized with azo-benzene chromophores were shown to form a new class of hybrid nanomaterials for optoelectronics applications. Here we use a number of experimental techniques and theory to understand the binding, orientation, and nature of coupling between chromophores and the nanotubes, all of which are of relevance to future optimization of these hybrid materials. We find that the binding energy between chromophores and nanotubes depends strongly on the type of tether that is used to bind the chromophores to the nanotubes, with pyrene tethers resulting in more than 90% of the bound chromophores during processing. DFT calculations show that the binding energy of the chromophores to the nanotubes is maximized for chromophores parallel to the nanotube sidewall, even with the use of tethers; second harmonic generation shows that there is nonetheless a partial radial orientation of the chromophores on the nanotubes. We find weak electronic coupli...

Huang, Changshui; Wong, Bryan M; McGee, David J; Léonard, François; Kim, Yun Jun; Johnson, Kirsten F; Arnold, Michael S; Eriksson, Mark A; Gopalan, Padma

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Helicity in Ropes of Chiral Nanotubes: Calculations and Observation David Teich,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of such helices is the energy gain associated with the optimum orientational alignment of neighboring nanotubes in helical nanotube ropes and specify under which conditions straight nanotube bundles gain energy upon nanotubes outweighs the coiling stress. Our total energy calculations allow us to analyze the torsional

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotube thermal energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Energy from the Oceans: A Small Land Based Ocean Thermal Energy Plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes a small land based closed cycle Ocean Thermal Energy Plant which is being designed ... aquaculture facility and to produce a net electric power output of up to 300 kW. In...

Dr. F. A. Johnson

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Design and Implementation of Tracking System for Dish Solar Thermal Energy Based on Embedded System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Solar thermal energy has lots of advantages compare with photovoltage ... and stability can’t satisfy the requirements of thermal energy system. This paper gives a design and implementation of tracking system for...

Jian Kuang; Wei Zhang

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Progress from DOE EF RC: Solid-State Solar-Thermal Energy Conversion...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Progress from DOE EF RC: Solid-State Solar-Thermal Energy Conversion Center (S3TEC ) Progress from DOE EF RC: Solid-State Solar-Thermal Energy Conversion Center (S3TEC )...

364

SiC Nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In most cases, the silicon carbide nanotubes have been fabricated with assistance of some templates. Unlike carbon nanotubes, the silicon carbide nanotubes contain two types of elements, silicon,...

Jiyang Fan; Paul K. Chu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Phase Change Materials for Thermal Energy Storage in Concentrated Solar Thermal Power Plants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OF CALIFORNIA RIVERSIDE Phase Change Materials for ThermalOF THE THESIS Phase Change Materials for Thermal Energyto utilize phase change materials (PCM’s) to enhance thermal

Hardin, Corey Lee

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Buildings Energy Data Book: 5.5 Thermal Distribution Systems  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

5 5 Typical Commercial Building Thermal Energy Distribution Design Load Intensities (Watts per SF) Distribution System Fans Other Central System Supply Fans Cooling Tower Fan Central System Return Fans Air-Cooled Chiller Condenser Fan 0.6 Terminal Box Fans 0.5 Exhaust Fans (2) Fan-Coil Unit Fans (1) Condenser Fans 0.6 Packaged or Split System Indoor Blower 0.6 Pumps Chilled Water Pump Condenser Water Pump Heating Water Pump Note(s): Source(s): 0.1 - 0.2 0.1 - 0.2 1) Unducted units are lower than those with some ductwork. 2) Strong dependence on building type. BTS/A.D. Little, Energy Consumption Characteristics of Commercial Building HVAC Systems, Volume II:Thermal Distribution, Auxiliary Equipment, and Ventilation, Oct. 1999, Table 3-1, p. 3-6. 0.3 - 1.0 0.1 - 0.3 0.1 - 0.4

367

Development of an Innovative High-Thermal Conductivity UO2 Ceramic Composites Fuel Pellets with Carbon Nano-Tubes Using Spark Plasma Sintering  

SciTech Connect

Uranium dioxide (UO2) is the most common fuel material in commercial nuclear power reactors. Despite its numerous advantages such as high melting point, good high-temperature stability, good chemical compatibility with cladding and coolant, and resistance to radiation, it suffers from low thermal conductivity that can result in large temperature gradients within the UO2 fuel pellet, causing it to crack and release fission gases. Thermal swelling of the pellets also limits the lifetime of UO2 fuel in the reactor. To mitigate these problems, we propose to develop novel UO2 fuel with uniformly distributed carbon nanotubes (CNTs) that can provide high-conductivity thermal pathways and can eliminate fuel cracking and fission gas release due to high temperatures. CNTs have been investigated extensively for the past decade to explore their unique physical properties and many potential applications. CNTs have high thermal conductivity (6600 W/mK for an individual single- walled CNT and >3000 W/mK for an individual multi-walled CNT) and high temperature stability up to 2800°C in vacuum and about 750°C in air. These properties make them attractive candidates in preparing nano-composites with new functional properties. The objective of the proposed research is to develop high thermal conductivity of UO2–CNT composites without affecting the neutronic property of UO2 significantly. The concept of this goal is to utilize a rapid sintering method (5–15 min) called spark plasma sintering (SPS) in which a mixture of CNTs and UO2 powder are used to make composites with different volume fractions of CNTs. Incorporation of these nanoscale materials plays a fundamentally critical role in controlling the performance and stability of UO2 fuel. We will use a novel in situ growth process to grow CNTs on UO2 particles for rapid sintering and develop UO2-CNT composites. This method is expected to provide a uniform distribution of CNTs at various volume fractions so that a high thermally conductive UO2-CNT composite is obtained with a minimal volume fraction of CNTs. The mixtures are sintered in the SPS facility at a range of temperatures, pressures, and time durations so as to identify the optimal processing conditions to obtain the desired microstructure of sintered UO2-CNT pellets. The second objective of the proposed work is to identify the optimal volume fraction of CNTs in the microstructure of the composites that provides the desired high thermal conductivity yet retaining the mechanical strength required for efficient function as a reactor fuel. We will systematically study the resulting microstructure (grain size, porosity, distribution of CNTs, etc.) obtained at various SPS processing conditions using optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and transmission electron microscope (TEM). We will conduct indentation hardness measurements and uniaxial strength measurements as a function of volume fraction of CNTs to determine the mechanical strength and compare them to the properties of UO2. The fracture surfaces will be studied to determine the fracture characteristics that may relate to the observed cracking during service. Finally, we will perform thermal conductivity measurements on all the composites up to 1000° C. This study will relate the microstructure, mechanical properties, and thermal properties at various volume fractions of CNTs. The overall intent is to identify optimal processing conditions that will provide a well-consolidated compact with optimal microstructure and thermo-mechanical properties. The deliverables include: (1) fully characterized UO2-CNT composite with optimal CNT volume fraction and high thermal conductivity and (2) processing conditions for production of UO2-CNT composite pellets using SPS method.

Subhash, Ghatu; Wu, Kuang-Hsi; Tulenko, James

2014-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

368

Semi-flexible bimetal-based thermal energy harvesters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper introduces a new semi-flexible device able to turn thermal gradients into electricity by using a curved bimetal coupled to an electret-based converter. In fact, a two-step conversion is carried out: (i) a curved bimetal turns the thermal gradient into a mechanical oscillation that is then (ii) converted into electricity thanks to an electrostatic converter using electrets in Teflon®. The semi-flexible and low-cost design of these new energy converters pave the way to mass production over large areas of thermal energy harvesters. Raw output powers up to 13.46 ?W per device were reached on a hot source at 60?°C with forced convection. Then, a DC-to-DC flyback converter has been sized to turn the energy harvesters' raw output powers into a viable supply source for an electronic circuit (DC@3 V). At the end, 10 ?W of directly usable output power were reached with 3 devices, which is compatible with wireless sensor network powering applications.

S Boisseau; G Despesse; S Monfray; O Puscasu; T Skotnicki

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Environmental risk assessment for aquifer thermal energy storage  

SciTech Connect

This report has been prepared by Pacific Northwest Laboratory at the request of the International Energy Agency (IEA). The US Department of Energy represents the United States in the IEA for Annex IV, the IEA task for research and development in aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES). Installation and operation of an ATES system is necessarily intrusive to ground-water resources. Therefore, governmental authorities usually require an environmental risk assessment to be performed before permission to construct an ATES system is granted. Writing an accurate statement of risk presupposes a knowledge of aquifer and ground-water characteristics and that an engineering feasibility study has taken place. Effective and logical presentation of the results of the risk assessment can expedite the grant of approval. Introductory remarks should address questions regarding why the ATES project has been proposed, what it is expected to accomplish, and what the expected benefits are. Next, the system configuration, including the aquifer, ATES plant, and well field, should be described in terms of size and location, design components, and thermal and hydraulic capacity. The final element of system design, the predicted annual operating cycle, needs to be described in sufficient detail to allow the reviewer to appreciate the net hydraulic, thermal, and hydrochemical effects imposed on the aquifer. Risks may be environmental or legal. Only after a reviewer has been introduced to the proposed system's design, operation, and scale can risk issues can be identified and weighed against the benefits of the proposed ATES system.

Hall, S.H.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Environmental risk assessment for aquifer thermal energy storage  

SciTech Connect

This report has been prepared by Pacific Northwest Laboratory at the request of the International Energy Agency (IEA). The US Department of Energy represents the United States in the IEA for Annex IV, the IEA task for research and development in aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES). Installation and operation of an ATES system is necessarily intrusive to ground-water resources. Therefore, governmental authorities usually require an environmental risk assessment to be performed before permission to construct an ATES system is granted. Writing an accurate statement of risk presupposes a knowledge of aquifer and ground-water characteristics and that an engineering feasibility study has taken place. Effective and logical presentation of the results of the risk assessment can expedite the grant of approval. Introductory remarks should address questions regarding why the ATES project has been proposed, what it is expected to accomplish, and what the expected benefits are. Next, the system configuration, including the aquifer, ATES plant, and well field, should be described in terms of size and location, design components, and thermal and hydraulic capacity. The final element of system design, the predicted annual operating cycle, needs to be described in sufficient detail to allow the reviewer to appreciate the net hydraulic, thermal, and hydrochemical effects imposed on the aquifer. Risks may be environmental or legal. Only after a reviewer has been introduced to the proposed system`s design, operation, and scale can risk issues can be identified and weighed against the benefits of the proposed ATES system.

Hall, S.H.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

High energy-resolution electron energy-loss spectroscopy study of the electric structure of double-walled carbon nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......spectroscopy study of the electric structure of double-walled...to investigate electric structures of...produced by an arc-discharge method [15...carbon nanotubes in arc discharge. J. Phys. Chem...spectroscopy study of the electric structure of double-walled......

Yohei Sato; Masami Terauchi; Yahachi Saito; Riichiro Saito

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Assessment of Microbial Fouling in an Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Experiment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Proceedings of the Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion...Claude, G. 1930. Power from the tropical seas...Metz, W. D. 1977. Ocean thermal energy: the biggest gamble in solar power. Science 198:178-180...studies, p. 1-53. In Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion...

R. Paul Aftring; Barrie F. Taylor

1979-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Quantifying the Value of CSP with Thermal Energy Storage  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This PowerPoint slide deck was originally presented at the SunShot Concentrating Solar Power Program Review by Paul Denholm and Mark Mehos of NREL on April 23, 2013. Entitled "Quantifying the Value of CSP with Thermal Energy Storage," the presenters seek to answer the question, "What is the addition of TES to a CSP plant actually worth?" Ultimately they conclude that CSP with TES can actually complement other variable generation sources including solar PV and act as an enabling technology to achieve higher overall penetration of renewable energy.

374

Literature review of market studies of thermal energy storage  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of a review of market studies of thermal energy storage (TES). This project was conducted by Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) for the US Department of Energy (DOE). PNL staff reviewed and consolidated the findings of existing TES market studies conducted in the industrial, commercial, and residential sectors. The purpose of this project was to review and assess previous work and to use the information obtained to help provide direction for future technology transfer planning activities and to identify additional economic research needed within those three sectors. 37 refs.

Hattrup, M.P.

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION PRELIMINARY DATA REPORT FOR THE NOVEMBER 1977 GOTEC-02 CRUISE TO THE GULF OF MEXICO MOBILE SITE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

02 OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION PRELIMINARY DATA REPORTto potential Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) sites inOcean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) Sites: Puerto Rico,

Commins, M.L.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Exergy analysis of thermal energy storage in a district energy application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The role of thermal energy storage (TES) in district energy (DE) system is assessed. The Friedrichshafen DE system is considered as a case study and exergy analysis is utilized. The TES is designed to complement and to increase the effectiveness of the solar panels included in the district energy system. The TES stores the surplus solar energy until is needed by thermal energy users of the Friedrichshafen DE system. The results quantify the positive impact of the TES on the performance of the Friedrichshafen DE system, and demonstrate that the overall energy and exergy efficiencies of the TES are 60% and 19%, respectively. It is also shown over an annual period that the temperature, energy, exergy and energy efficiency of the TES exhibit similar trends and that the TES exergy accumulation and exergy efficiency exhibit similar trends.

Behnaz Rezaie; Bale V. Reddy; Marc A. Rosen

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Potential of thermal insulation and solar thermal energy in domestic hot water and space heating and cooling sectors in Lebanon in the period 2010 - 2030.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The potential of thermal insulation and solar thermal energy in domestic water heating, space heating and cooling in residential and commercial buildings Lebanon is studied… (more)

Zaatari, Z.A.R.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Development of an Airless Thermal Enhancer | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

of a Thermal Enhancer for Combined Partial Range Burning and Hydrocarbon Dosing Thermal Enhancer - Airless Exhaust Thermal Management Device SCR Technologies for NOx Reduction...

379

Conversion of Concentrated Solar Thermal Energy into Chemical Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When a concentrated solar beam is irradiated to the ceramics such as Ni-ferrite, the high-energy flux in the range of 1500–2500 kW/m2 is absorbed by an excess Frenkel defect formation. This non-equilibrium state ...

Yutaka Tamaura

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Telescopic nanotube device for hot nanolithography  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A device for maintaining a constant tip-surface distance for producing nanolithography patterns on a surface using a telescopic nanotube for hot nanolithography. An outer nanotube is attached to an AFM cantilever opposite a support end. An inner nanotube is telescopically disposed within the outer nanotube. The tip of the inner nanotube is heated to a sufficiently high temperature and brought in the vicinity of the surface. Heat is transmitted to the surface for thermal imprinting. Because the inner tube moves telescopically along the outer nanotube axis, a tip-surface distance is maintained constant due to the vdW force interaction, which in turn eliminates the need of an active feedback loop.

Popescu, Adrian; Woods, Lilia M

2014-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotube thermal energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Heteroporphyrin nanotubes and composites  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Heteroporphyrin nanotubes, metal nanostructures, and metal/porphyrin-nanotube composite nanostructures formed using the nanotubes as photocatalysts and structural templates, and the methods for forming the nanotubes and composites.

Shelnutt, John A. (Tijeras, NM); Medforth, Craig J. (Winters, CA); Wang, Zhongchun (Albuquerque, NM)

2007-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

382

Advanced Reactors Thermal Energy Transport for Process Industries  

SciTech Connect

The operation temperature of advanced nuclear reactors is generally higher than commercial light water reactors and thermal energy from advanced nuclear reactor can be used for various purposes such as liquid fuel production, district heating, desalination, hydrogen production, and other process heat applications, etc. Some of the major technology challenges that must be overcome before the advanced reactors could be licensed on the reactor side are qualification of next generation of nuclear fuel, materials that can withstand higher temperature, improvement in power cycle thermal efficiency by going to combined cycles, SCO2 cycles, successful demonstration of advanced compact heat exchangers in the prototypical conditions, and from the process side application the challenge is to transport the thermal energy from the reactor to the process plant with maximum efficiency (i.e., with minimum temperature drop). The main focus of this study is on doing a parametric study of efficient heat transport system, with different coolants (mainly, water, He, and molten salts) to determine maximum possible distance that can be achieved.

P. Sabharwall; S.J. Yoon; M.G. McKellar; C. Stoots; George Griffith

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

UV-light enhanced oxidation of carbon nanotubes M. Grujicica,*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the activation energy for molecular-oxygen chemisorption to a nanotube, increases the adsorption energyUV-light enhanced oxidation of carbon nanotubes M. Grujicica,* , G. Caoa , A.M. Raob , T.M. Trittb) calculations of the interactions between selected semiconducting and metallic single-walled carbon nanotubes

Grujicic, Mica

384

HYDROGEN STORAGE IN CARBON NANOTUBES JOHN E. FISCHER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HYDROGEN STORAGE IN CARBON NANOTUBES JOHN E. FISCHER UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA * SOME BASIC NOTIONS * BINDING SITES AND ENERGIES * PROCESSING TO ENHANCE CAPACITY: EX: ELECTROCHEMICAL Li INSERTION of Li+. AND: van der Waals interaction NANOTUBES CAPILLARITY: metals

385

Green Energy Ohio - GEO Solar Thermal Rebate Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ohio - GEO Solar Thermal Rebate Program Ohio - GEO Solar Thermal Rebate Program Green Energy Ohio - GEO Solar Thermal Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Solar Water Heating Program Info Start Date 04/01/2009 State Ohio Program Type Non-Profit Rebate Program Provider Green Energy Ohio With funding from The Sierra Club, Green Energy Ohio (GEO) is offering rebates on residential properties in Ohio for solar water heating systems purchased after April 1, 2009. The rebates are based on the projected energy output from the solar collectors and are calculated at $30 per kBtu/day (based on SRCC rating for "Clear Day/C Interval"). The maximum amount is $2,400 per applicant. There are two parts to the application. PART I of the application collects

386

Thermal Energy Harvesting with Thermoelectrics for Self-powered Sensors: With Applications to Implantable Medical Devices, Body Sensor Networks and Aging in Place  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

thermal expansion of polymer composites filled with ceramicas thermal energy generation and refrigeration. Ceramic&

Chen, Alic

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Solitons in carbon nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The symmetries of spontaneous lattice distortions in carbon nanotubes are investigated. When the degeneracy of the ground states remains discrete, there are solitons or domain walls connecting the different symmetry-broken vaccua. These solitons, similarly to the case of polyacetelene, are fractionally charged states. In addition to the topological domain walls, there are polaron states with discrete energies within the energy gap. The energies and shapes of these localized midgap states should be accessible via scanning tunneling microscopy spectroscopy.

Claudio Chamon

2000-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

388

Performance comparison of thermal energy storage oils for solar cookers during charging  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Charging experiments to evaluate the thermal performance of three thermal energy storage oils for solar cookers are presented. An experimental setup using an insulated 20 L storage tank is used to perform the experiments. The three thermal oils evaluated are Sunflower Oil, Shell Thermia C and Shell Thermia B. Energy and exergy based thermal performance parameters are evaluated. A new parameter, the exergy factor, is proposed which evaluates the ratio of the exergy content to the energy content. Sunflower Oil performs better than the other thermal oils under high power charging. Thermal performances of the oils are comparable under low power charging.

Ashmore Mawire; Abigail Phori; Simeon Taole

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

The transfer between electron bulk kinetic energy and thermal energy in collisionless magnetic reconnection  

SciTech Connect

By performing two-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations, we investigate the transfer between electron bulk kinetic and electron thermal energy in collisionless magnetic reconnection. In the vicinity of the X line, the electron bulk kinetic energy density is much larger than the electron thermal energy density. The evolution of the electron bulk kinetic energy is mainly determined by the work done by the electric field force and electron pressure gradient force. The work done by the electron gradient pressure force in the vicinity of the X line is changed to the electron enthalpy flux. In the magnetic island, the electron enthalpy flux is transferred to the electron thermal energy due to the compressibility of the plasma in the magnetic island. The compression of the plasma in the magnetic island is the consequence of the electromagnetic force acting on the plasma as the magnetic field lines release their tension after being reconnected. Therefore, we can observe that in the magnetic island the electron thermal energy density is much larger than the electron bulk kinetic energy density.

Lu, San; Lu, Quanming; Huang, Can; Wang, Shui [CAS Key Lab of Basic Plasma Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026 (China)] [CAS Key Lab of Basic Plasma Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026 (China)

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

390

Concrete as a thermal energy storage medium for thermocline solar energy storage systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Rising energy costs and the adverse effect on the environment caused by the burning of fossil fuels have triggered extensive research into alternative sources of energy. Harnessing the abundance of solar energy has been one of the most attractive energy alternatives. However, the development of an efficient and economical solar energy storage system is of major concern. According to the Department of Energy (DOE), the cost per kilowatt hour electric from current technologies which utilize solar energy is high, estimated at approximately $0.15–$0.20/kW helectric, while the unit cost to store the thermal energy is approximately $30.00/kW hthermal. Based on traditional means of producing electricity (through burning fossil fuels), the unit cost of electricity is $0.05–$0.06/kW h. Clearly, current solar energy technologies cannot compete with traditional forms of electricity generation. In response, the DOE has established a goal of reducing the cost of solar generated electricity to $0.05–$0.07/kW helectric and achieving thermal storage costs below $15.00/kW hthermal. Reduction in the cost of the storage medium is one step in achieving the stated goal. In this research program economical concrete mixtures were developed that resisted temperatures up to 600 °C. This temperature level represents a 50% increase over the operating temperature of current systems, which is approximately 400 °C. However, long-term testing of concrete is required to validate its use. At this temperature, the unit cost of energy stored in concrete (the thermal energy storage medium) is estimated at $0.88–$1.00/kW hthermal. These concrete mixtures, used as a thermal energy storage medium, can potentially change solar electric power output allowing production through periods of low to no insolation at lower unit costs.

Emerson John; Micah Hale; Panneer Selvam

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Exergetic optimization of solar collector and thermal energy storage system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper deals with the exergetic optimization of a solar thermal energy system. This consists of a solar collector (SC) and a rectangular water storage tank (ST) that contains a phase change material (PCM) distributed in an assembly of slabs. The study takes into account both conduction and convection heat transfer mode for water in the SC, and also the phase change process for the PCM in the ST. An analytical solution for the melting process in the PCM is also presented. The results of the study are compared with previous experimental data, confirming the accuracy of the model. Results of a numerical case study are presented and discussed.

F. Aghbalou; F. Badia; J. Illa

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Solar-thermal-energy collection/storage-pond system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A solar thermal energy collection and storage system is disclosed. Water is contained, and the water surface is exposed directly to the sun. The central part of an impermeable membrane is positioned below the water's surface and above its bottom with a first side of the membrane pointing generally upward in its central portion. The perimeter part of the membrane is placed to create a watertight boundary separating the water into a first volume which is directly exposable to the sun and which touches the membranes first side, and a second volumn which touches the membranes second side. A salt is dissolved in the first water volume.

Blahnik, D.E.

1982-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

393

Futurestock'2003 9 International Conference on Thermal Energy Storage, Warsaw, POLAND  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

381 Futurestock'2003 9 th International Conference on Thermal Energy Storage, Warsaw, POLAND is also needed when designing a BTES (Borehole Thermal Energy Storage) system. The ground thermal eight countries (Sweden, Canada, Germany, Netherlands, Norway, Turkey, United Kingdom, and USA) have

394

Phase Change Materials for Thermal Energy Storage in Concentrated Solar Thermal Power Plants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COST REDUCTION STUDY FOR SOLAR THERMAL POWER PLANTS, Ottawa,Storage in Concentrated Solar Thermal Power Plants A ThesisStorage in Concentrated Solar Thermal Power Plants by Corey

Hardin, Corey Lee

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Supersymmetric twisting of carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We construct exactly solvable models of twisted carbon nanotubes via supersymmetry, by applying the matrix Darboux transformation. We derive the Green's function for these systems and compute the local density of states. Explicit examples of twisted carbon nanotubes are produced, where the back-scattering is suppressed and bound states are present. We find that the local density of states decreases in the regions where the bound states are localized. Dependence of bound-state energies on the asymptotic twist of the nanotubes is determined. We also show that each of the constructed unextended first order matrix systems possesses a proper nonlinear hidden supersymmetric structure with a nontrivial grading operator.

Vit Jakubsky; Mikhail S. Plyushchay

2012-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

396

Ultrafast Nonlinear Spectroscopy of Semiconducting Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

metallic nanotubes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Carbon2 Carbon Nanotubes Physical and ElectronicStructure of Carbon Nanotubes . . . . . . . . . .

Graham, Matthew Werden

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Ultrafast Nonlinear Spectroscopy of Semiconducting Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2 Carbon Nanotubes Physical andElectronic Structure of Carbon Nanotubes . . . . . . . . . .Photophysics in Semiconducting Carbon Nanotubes . . . . .

Graham, Matthew Werden

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Project Profile: Novel Molten Salts Thermal Energy Storage for Concentrating Solar Power Generation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The University of Alabama, under the Thermal Storage FOA, is developing thermal energy storage (TES) media consisting of low melting point (LMP) molten salt with high TES density for sensible heat storage systems.

399

Project Profile: Novel Thermal Energy Storage Systems for Concentrating Solar Power  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The University of Connecticut, under the Thermal Storage FOA, is developing innovative heat transfer devices and methodologies for novel thermal energy storage (TES) systems for CSP involving phase change materials (PCMs).

400

Toward zero-emission data centers through direct reuse of thermal energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have tested hot water data center cooling by directly reusing the generated thermal energy in neighborhood heating systems. First, we introduce high-performance liquid cooling devices with minimal thermal resistance in order to cool a computer system ...

T. Brunschwiler; B. Smith; E. Ruetsche; B. Michel

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotube thermal energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Thermal storage of solar energy as sensible heat at medium temperatures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A model has been solved in order to determine the thermal losses of a storage tank, where thermal energy is stored as sensible heat of a diathermic fluid at medium temperatures. A parametric analysis has been ...

C. Bellecci; A. Bonanno; M. Camarca; M. Conti; L. La Rotonda…

402

Project Profile: Indirect, Dual-Media, Phase Changing Material Modular Thermal Energy Storage System  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Acciona Solar, under the Thermal Storage FOA, plans to design and validate a prototype and demonstrate a full-size (800 MWth) thermal energy storage (TES) system based on phase change materials (PCMs).

403

Project Profile: Sensible Heat, Direct, Dual-Media Thermal Energy Storage Module  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Acciona Solar, under the Thermal Storage FOA, plans to develop a prototype thermal energy storage (TES) module with high efficiency. This project is looking at a packed or structured bed TES tank with molten salt flowing through it.

404

Energy Storage R&D: Thermal Management Studies and Modeling (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

Here we summarize NREL's FY09 energy storage R&D studies in the areas of 1. thermal characterization and analysis, 2. cost, life, and performance trade-off studies, and 3. thermal abuse modeling.

Pesaran, A. A.

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Microwave impregnation of porous materials with thermal energy storage materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for impregnating a porous, non-metallic construction material with a solid phase-change material is described. The phase-change material in finely divided form is spread onto the surface of the porous material, after which the porous material is exposed to microwave energy for a time sufficient to melt the phase-change material. The melted material is spontaneously absorbed into the pores of the porous material. A sealing chemical may also be included with the phase-change material (or applied subsequent to the phase-change material) to seal the surface of the porous material. Fire retardant chemicals may also be included with the phase-change materials. The treated construction materials are better able to absorb thermal energy and exhibit increased heat storage capacity.

Benson, David K. (Golden, CO); Burrows, Richard W. (Conifer, CO)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Microwave impregnation of porous materials with thermal energy storage materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for impregnating a porous, non-metallic construction material with a solid phase-change material is described. The phase-change material in finely divided form is spread onto the surface of the porous material, after which the porous material is exposed to microwave energy for a time sufficient to melt the phase-change material. The melted material is spontaneously absorbed into the pores of the porous material. A sealing chemical may also be included with the phase-change material (or applied subsequent to the phase-change material) to seal the surface of the porous material. Fire retardant chemicals may also be included with the phase-change materials. The treated construction materials are better able to absorb thermal energy and exhibit increased heat storage capacity.

Benson, D.K.; Burrows, R.W.

1993-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

407

Thermal Transport in Nanoporous Materials for Energy Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Theory of thermal conduction in thin ceramic ?lms”,Thermal resistance of grain boundaries in alumina ceramicsThermal conduc- tivity of highly porous zirconia”, Journal of the European Ceramic

Fang, Jin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Solar Thermal Energy Use in EU-27 Countries: Evolution and Promotion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Growth in the use of renewable energies in the 27 European Union (EU-27 ... past decade has been remarkable. Among these energies is solar thermal energy (STE). The average annual growth rate ... has reached almo...

María P. del Pablo-Romero; Antonio Sánchez-Braza; Enrique Lerma

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Category:Thermal Gradient Holes | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

in category "Thermal Gradient Holes" This category contains only the following page. T Thermal Gradient Holes Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleCategory:T...

410

Thermal Energy Storage in Metal Foams filled with Paraffin Wax.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Phase change materials (PCM) such as paraffin wax are known to exhibit slow thermal response due to their relatively low thermal conductivity. In this study,… (more)

Vadwala, Pathik

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

NREL Battery Thermal and Life Test Facility | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

NREL Battery Thermal and Life Test Facility NREL Battery Thermal and Life Test Facility 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit...

412

Carbon nanotubes adhesion and nanomechanical behavior from peeling force spectroscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon nanotubes adhesion and nanomechanical behavior from peeling force spectroscopy Julien December 17, 2010 Abstract Applications based on Single Walled Carbon Nanotube (SWNT) are good example such as adhesion energy per unit length, curvature and bending rigidity of the nanotube. A complete picture

Boyer, Edmond

413

Repeat Space Theory Applied to Carbon Nanotubes and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Repeat Space Theory Applied to Carbon Nanotubes and Matrix Art Shigeru Arimoto* , Massoud Amini with the series of papers entitled "Repeat space theory applied to carbon nanotubes and related molecular networks formulated and discussed. The Matrix Art pictures of carbon nanotube energy band curves played a significant

Taylor, Keith F.

414

Visualizing the Local Optical Response of Semiconducting Carbon Nanotubes to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Visualizing the Local Optical Response of Semiconducting Carbon Nanotubes to DNA-Wrapping Huihong ABSTRACT We studied the local optical response of semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes to wrapping-field images of single nanotubes reveal large DNA-wrapping-induced red shifts of the exciton energy

Novotny, Lukas

415

Characterization of single wall carbon nanotubes by nonane preadsorption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy for nitrogen adsorbed in nanotubes at zero coverage within the range of 12­18 kJ/mol. This bindingCharacterization of single wall carbon nanotubes by nonane preadsorption Oleg Byl a , Jie Liu b The preferential blocking of the interior adsorption sites of single walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) by n

Liu, Jie

416

Electrical Transport in Single-Wall Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. (a) Schematic view a nanotube field-effect transistor (b) The Dirac energy dispersion coneElectrical Transport in Single-Wall Carbon Nanotubes Michael J. Biercuk1,3 , Shahal Ilani2 metal and semiconducting single-wall carbon nanotubes. The fundamental scattering mechanisms governing

McEuen, Paul L.

417

Raman Scattering in Carbon Nanotubes Christian Thomsen1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy [4]. Theoretically, the electronic dispersion of nanotubes may be described by an- alyticRaman Scattering in Carbon Nanotubes Christian Thomsen1 and Stephanie Reich2 1 Institut f¨ur Festk of single-walled carbon nanotubes reflect the electron and phonon confinement as well as the cylindrical

Nabben, Reinhard

418

Molecular dynamics simulations of boronnitride nanotubes embedded in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, theoretical studies suggest that BN nanotubes exhibit an energy gap of about 4--5 eV independent of chiralityMolecular dynamics simulations of boron­nitride nanotubes embedded in amorphous Si­B­N Michael In this article, we examine the elastic properties of boron­nitride nanotubes, which are embedded in amorphous

Ferrari, Patrik L.

419

Measuring Point Defect Density in Individual Carbon Nanotubes Using  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

based on defec- tive nanotubes also show improved sensitivity.7 Recently, high-energy electron and ionMeasuring Point Defect Density in Individual Carbon Nanotubes Using Polarization-Dependent X in carbon nanotubes (CNTs) dramatically alter their physical, mechani- cal, and electronic properties.1

Hitchcock, Adam P.

420

Single-Walle 4. Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

applications, carbon nanotube research is ac- tively being pursued in diverse areas including energy storage105 Single-Walle 4. Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Sebastien Nanot, Nicholas A. Thompson, Ji Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) are hol- low, long cylinders with extremely large aspect ratios

Kono, Junichiro

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotube thermal energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Reducing Energy Costs And Minimizing Capital Requirements: Case Studies of Thermal Energy Storage (TES)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and thus during those times when power has its highest cost or value. Thermal Energy Storage (TES) provides a means of de-coupling the generation of cooling from the provision of cooling to the peak cooling loads. In this manner, peak power demand...

Andrepont, J. S.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Predictive control and thermal energy storage for optimizing a multi-energy district boiler  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and used when demand is high, instead of engaging the gas-fuel oil boiler. Keywords: multi-energy district believe that by 2015 the supply of oil and natural gas will be unable to keep up with demand [1 of La Rochelle (France) adding to the plant a controlled thermal storage tank. This plant supplies

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

423

Hydrogen Energy Stations: Poly-Production of Electricity, Hydrogen, and Thermal Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Exhaust (CO 2 ) Grid electricity Cogen Heat Natural gas Airutility grid, 2) re-use of thermal energy “waste heat” forGrid electricity Exhaust (CO 2 ) Recycled Reformate Natural gas Air Water H2 Purifier Source: Weinert, 2005 Cogen Heat

Lipman, Timothy; Brooks, Cameron

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

ensl-00109517,version1-24Oct2006 Superconducting instability in 3 bands metallic nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ensl-00109517,version1-24Oct2006 Superconducting instability in 3 bands metallic nanotubes David on small radius nanotubes, we study the superconducting in- stabilities of cylindrical (5,0) nanotubes. According to band structure calculations, these nanotubes possess three bands at the Fermi energy. Using

425

Electronic band structure of isolated and bundled carbon nanotubes S. Reich and C. Thomsen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for nanotubes with larger diameters 1­1.5 nm a shift of the energy levels of 100 meV is obtained in our abElectronic band structure of isolated and bundled carbon nanotubes S. Reich and C. Thomsen Institut in chiral and achiral isolated nanotubes as well as in carbon nanotube bundles. The curvature

Nabben, Reinhard

426

Length control of individual carbon nanotubes by nanostructuring with a scanning tunneling microscope  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and quantum-size energy-level splitting.6,7 The quantum transport properties of nanotubes strongly dependLength control of individual carbon nanotubes by nanostructuring with a scanning tunneling of carbon nanotubes. Individual carbon nanotubes can be locally cut by applying a voltage pulse to the tip

427

Assessment of Microbial Fouling in an Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Experiment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...publication 23 July 1979 A project to investigate biofouling...to ocean thermal energy conversion heat exchangers...in ocean thermal energy conversion heat exchangers...for man to harvest solar energy involves exploitation...exchanger units. The project was conducted from...

R. Paul Aftring; Barrie F. Taylor

1979-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Economics of Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Luis A. Vega, Ph.D.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economics of Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) by Luis A. Vega, Ph.D. Published and 100 MW Plants 15 Co-Products of OTEC 16 OTEC Energy Carriers 19 Externalities in the Production Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) Luis A. Vega, Ph.D.1, 2 Abstract A straightforward analytical model

429

JETC: Joint Energy Thermal and Cooling Management for Memory and CPU Subsystems in Servers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

JETC: Joint Energy Thermal and Cooling Management for Memory and CPU Subsystems in Servers Raid In this work we propose a joint energy, thermal and cooling management technique (JETC) that significantly re- duces per server cooling and memory energy costs. Our analysis shows that decoupling the optimization

Simunic, Tajana

430

Designing an Optimal Urban Community Mix for an Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage System.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This research examined what mix of building types result in the most efficient use of a technology known as Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage (ATES). Hourly… (more)

Zizzo, Ryan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Expected benefits of federally-funded thermal energy storage research  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) conducted this study for the Office of Advanced Utility Concepts of the US Department of Energy (DOE). The objective of this study was to develop a series of graphs that depict the long-term benefits of continuing DOE`s thermal energy storage (TES) research program in four sectors: building heating, building cooling, utility power production, and transportation. The study was conducted in three steps- The first step was to assess the maximum possible benefits technically achievable in each sector. In some sectors, the maximum benefit was determined by a ``supply side`` limitation, and in other sectors, the maximum benefit is determined by a ``demand side`` limitation. The second step was to apply economic cost and diffusion models to estimate the benefits that are likely to be achieved by TES under two scenarios: (1) with continuing DOE funding of TES research, and (2) without continued funding. The models all cover the 20-year period from 1990 to 2010. The third step was to prepare graphs that show the maximum technical benefits achievable, the estimated benefits with TES research funding, and the estimated benefits in the absence of TES research funding. The benefits of federally-funded TES research are largely in four areas: displacement of primary energy, displacement of oil and natural gas, reduction in peak electric loads, and emissions reductions.

Spanner, G.E.; Daellenbach, K.K.; Hughes, K.R.; Brown, D.R.; Drost, M.K.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Expected benefits of federally-funded thermal energy storage research  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) conducted this study for the Office of Advanced Utility Concepts of the US Department of Energy (DOE). The objective of this study was to develop a series of graphs that depict the long-term benefits of continuing DOE's thermal energy storage (TES) research program in four sectors: building heating, building cooling, utility power production, and transportation. The study was conducted in three steps- The first step was to assess the maximum possible benefits technically achievable in each sector. In some sectors, the maximum benefit was determined by a supply side'' limitation, and in other sectors, the maximum benefit is determined by a demand side'' limitation. The second step was to apply economic cost and diffusion models to estimate the benefits that are likely to be achieved by TES under two scenarios: (1) with continuing DOE funding of TES research, and (2) without continued funding. The models all cover the 20-year period from 1990 to 2010. The third step was to prepare graphs that show the maximum technical benefits achievable, the estimated benefits with TES research funding, and the estimated benefits in the absence of TES research funding. The benefits of federally-funded TES research are largely in four areas: displacement of primary energy, displacement of oil and natural gas, reduction in peak electric loads, and emissions reductions.

Spanner, G E; Daellenbach, K K; Hughes, K R; Brown, D R; Drost, M K

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

How Do You Find Thermal Leaks in Your Home? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

How Do You Find Thermal Leaks in Your Home? How Do You Find Thermal Leaks in Your Home? How Do You Find Thermal Leaks in Your Home? March 31, 2011 - 7:30am Addthis On Monday, John told you about the thermal leak detector he purchased to help him find and seal leaks in his home. A thermal leak detector can be a great tool to help you find leaks in your own home, but it's not your only option. In addition to tools like this, you can also use some of our tips on do-it-yourself energy assessments, or you could get a professional energy assessment. How do you find thermal leaks in your home? Each Thursday, you have the chance to share your thoughts on a question about energy efficiency or renewable energy for consumers. Please e-mail your responses to the Energy Saver team at consumer.webmaster@nrel.gov.

434

BismuthCeramic Nanocomposites with Unusual Thermal Stability via High-Energy Ball Milling**  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bismuth±Ceramic Nanocomposites with Unusual Thermal Stability via High-Energy Ball Milling, nanostructured bismuth±ceramic nanocomposites with unusual thermal stabil- ity. These materials contain a high. Important for electrical and thermoelectric applications, the ceramic phase is electrically and thermally

Braun, Paul

435

Energetics and packing of fullerenes in nanotube peapods Mina Yoon,* Savas Berber,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and packing of fullerenes upon their encapsulation in nanotubes. We find a net energy gain associated strain in the nanotube wall. Our results indicate that the encapsulation energy of fullerenes depends identify the optimum nanotube radius that maximizes the encapsulation energy. The encap- sulation energy

436

High energy-resolution electron energy-loss spectroscopy study of the electric structure of double-walled carbon nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......High energy-resolution electron energy-loss spectroscopy study of the...Egerton R F. (1986) Electron Energy-Loss Spectroscopy in the Electron Microscope , Plenum, New York. High energy-resolution electron energy-loss......

Yohei Sato; Masami Terauchi; Yahachi Saito; Riichiro Saito

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Curvilinear lattice in chiral carbon nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, the energy bands of chiral-type single-walled carbon nanotubes are studied employing a new curvilinear lattice theory and its reciprocal lattice aided by the spherical triangle theory. In this theory, the notion of a distance law is introduced ... Keywords: Bandgap, carbon nanotubes, curvilinear lattice, distance law

Ming Zang; K. K. Tamma

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Scaling of Excitons in Carbon Nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Light emission from carbon nanotubes is expected to be dominated by excitonic recombination. Here we calculate the properties of excitons in nanotubes embedded in a dielectric, for a wide range of tube radii and dielectric environments. We find that simple scaling relationships give a good description of the binding energy, exciton size, and oscillator strength.

Vasili Perebeinos; J. Tersoff; Phaedon Avouris

2004-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

439

Polarons in Carbon Nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We use ab initio total-energy calculations to predict the existence of polarons in semiconducting carbon nanotubes (CNTs). We find that the CNTs' band edge energies vary linearly and the elastic energy increases quadratically with both radial and with axial distortions, leading to the spontaneous formation of polarons. Using a continuum model parametrized by the ab initio calculations, we estimate electron and hole polaron lengths, energies, and effective masses and analyze their complex dependence on CNT geometry. Implications of polaron effects on recently observed electro- and optomechanical behavior of CNTs are discussed.

M. Verissimo-Alves; R. B. Capaz; Belita Koiller; Emilio Artacho; H. Chacham

2001-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

440

Ultrafast Mid-Infrared Intra-Excitonic Response of Individualized Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy response of individu- ally separated (6,5) and (7,5) single-walled carbon nanotubes.nanotubes (SWNTs) gives rise to strongly enhanced Coulomb interactions and large exciton binding energies

Wang, Jigang

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotube thermal energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

An extensive analysis of modified nanotube surfaces for next-generation orthopedic implants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

nanotubes for improved dye-sensitized solar cells. ” Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy.energy of the Ti-O bond (323 kJ/mol) to the fact that TiO 2 nanotubes

Frandsen, Christine Jeanette

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Thermal comfort assessment and potential for energy efficiency enhancement in modern tropical buildings: A review  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The rapid growth in population and economy activities in the tropical countries has led to an increase in energy consumption which hastens the depletion of available energy resources. The building sector is one of the major end users of energy. On the other hand, the air conditioning system is viewed as an important tool to sustain and improve thermal comfort of occupants, but this system is often the biggest energy consumer in buildings. This has raised concerns on efficient use of the air conditioning system for reduction in energy cost. In order to identify the thermal comfort perception of occupants as well as energy conservation potentials in tropical buildings, various thermal comfort assessments were conducted which included field surveys and chamber studies. This paper provides a comprehensive review of the energy efficiency improvement potentials in air-conditioned tropical buildings by considering thermal comfort of occupants. Some of the studies conducted in the institutes of learning, offices and residential were reviewed and focus was placed on the thermal comfort studies that emphasis on balance between energy efficiency and thermal comfort. It was estimated that a reduction of 2150 GWh of energy demand annually in Malaysia can be achieved if the thermostat set-point is set higher by 2 °C, together with a reduction of 3 × 109 lbs (1.36 × 109 kg) of greenhouse gases. Besides, the use of computational simulation tools for prediction of thermal comfort and adaptive behaviour of people in the tropics towards their immediate thermal environment are also highlighted.

Qi Jie Kwong; Nor Mariah Adam; B.B. Sahari

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Energy efficient control of HVAC systems with ice cold thermal energy storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) systems of medium/high cooling capacity, energy demands can be matched with the help of thermal energy storage (TES) systems. If properly designed, TES systems can reduce energy costs and consumption, equipment size and pollutant emissions. In order to design efficient control strategies for TES systems, we present a model-based approach with the aim of increasing the performance of HVAC systems with ice cold thermal energy storage (CTES). A simulation environment based on Matlab/Simulink® is developed, where thermal behaviour of the plant is analysed by a lumped formulation of the conservation equations. In particular, the ice CTES is modelled as a hybrid system, where the water phase transitions (solid–melting–liquid and liquid–freezing–solid) are described by combining continuous and discrete dynamics, thus considering both latent and sensible heat. Standard control strategies are compared with a non-linear model predictive control (NLMPC) approach. In the simulation examples model predictive control proves to be the best control solution for the efficient management of ice CTES systems.

Alessandro Beghi; Luca Cecchinato; Mirco Rampazzo; Francesco Simmini

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Design and installation manual for thermal energy storage  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this manual is to provide information on the design and installation of thermal energy storage in active solar systems. It is intended for contractors, installers, solar system designers, engineers, architects, and manufacturers who intend to enter the solar energy business. The reader should have general knowledge of how solar heating and cooling systems operate and knowledge of construction methods and building codes. Knowledge of solar analysis methods such as f-Chart, SOLCOST, DOE-1, or TRNSYS would be helpful. The information contained in the manual includes sizing storage, choosing a location for the storage device, and insulation requirements. Both air-based and liquid-based systems are covered with topics on designing rock beds, tank types, pump and fan selection, installation, costs, and operation and maintenance. Topics relevant to latent heat storage include properties of phase-change materials, sizing the storage unit, insulating the storage unit, available systems, and cost. Topics relevant to heating domestic water include safety, single- and dual-tank systems, domestic water heating with air- and liquid-based space heating systems, and stand alone domestics hot water systems. Several appendices present common problems with storage systems and their solutions, heat transfer fluid properties, economic insulation thickness, heat exchanger sizing, and sample specifications for heat exchangers, wooden rock bins, steel tanks, concrete tanks, and fiberglass-reinforced plastic tanks.

Cole, R L; Nield, K J; Rohde, R R; Wolosewicz, R M

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Sacrificial template method of fabricating a nanotube  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods of fabricating uniform nanotubes are described in which nanotubes were synthesized as sheaths over nanowire templates, such as using a chemical vapor deposition process. For example, single-crystalline zinc oxide (ZnO) nanowires are utilized as templates over which gallium nitride (GaN) is epitaxially grown. The ZnO templates are then removed, such as by thermal reduction and evaporation. The completed single-crystalline GaN nanotubes preferably have inner diameters ranging from 30 nm to 200 nm, and wall thicknesses between 5 and 50 nm. Transmission electron microscopy studies show that the resultant nanotubes are single-crystalline with a wurtzite structure, and are oriented along the <001> direction. The present invention exemplifies single-crystalline nanotubes of materials with a non-layered crystal structure. Similar "epitaxial-casting" approaches could be used to produce arrays and single-crystalline nanotubes of other solid materials and semiconductors. Furthermore, the fabrication of multi-sheath nanotubes are described as well as nanotubes having multiple longitudinal segments.

Yang, Peidong (Berkeley, CA); He, Rongrui (Berkeley, CA); Goldberger, Joshua (Berkeley, CA); Fan, Rong (El Cerrito, CA); Wu, Yi-Ying (Albany, CA); Li, Deyu (Albany, CA); Majumdar, Arun (Orinda, CA)

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Giant osmotic energy conversion measured in a single transmembrane boron nitride nanotube  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... the confinement of liquids at the nanoscale, with potential applications in ultrafiltration, desalination and energy ...energyconversion ...

Alessandro Siria; Philippe Poncharal; Anne-Laure Biance; Rémy Fulcrand; Xavier Blase; Stephen T. Purcell; Lydéric Bocquet

2013-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

447

Use of Renewable Energy in Buildings: Experiences With Solar Thermal Utilization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar energy is receiving much more attention in building energy systems in recent years. Solar thermal utilization should be based on the integration of solar collectors into buildings. The facades of buildings can be important solar collectors...

Wang, R.; Zhai, X.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

A Methodological Framework for Integrating Waste Biomass into a Portfolio of Thermal Energy Production Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The integration of Renewable Energy Sources (RES) within the contextual framework of existing thermal energy production systems has emerged as a promising ... and sustainable policy towards addressing the growing...

Eleftherios Iakovou; Dimitrios Vlachos; Agorasti Toka

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Thermal Energy Storage: It's not Just for Electric Cost Savings Anymore  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Large cool Thermal Energy Storage (TES), typically ice TES or chilled water (CHW) TES, has traditionally been thought of, and used for, managing time-of-day electricity use to reduce the cost associated with electric energy and demand charges...

Andrepont, J. S.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Use of Thermal Energy Storage to Enhance the Recovery and Utilization of Industrial Waste Heat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

evaluation involving process data from 12 industrial plants to determine if thermal energy storage (TES) systems can be used with commercially available energy management equipment to enhance the recovery and utilization of industrial waste heat. Results...

McChesney, H. R.; Bass, R. W.; Landerman, A. M.; Obee, T. N.; Sgamboti, C. T.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

An Invariable Point in the Energy Spectra of Non-Thermal Electrons of Solar Flares  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The power-law energy spectra of non-thermal electrons for each 1.024 second have been drawn together during the flare. For some flares, it is discovered that the energy spectra taken at different times present...

W.Q. Gan

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Improved Product Energy Intensity Benchmarking Metrics for Thermally Concentrated Food Products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Improved Product Energy Intensity Benchmarking Metrics for Thermally Concentrated Food Products ... Sogut, Z.; Ilten, N.; Oktay, Z.Energetic and exergetic performance evaluation of the quadruple-effect evaporator unit in tomato paste evaporation Energy 2010, 35, 3821– 3826 ...

Michael E. Walker; Craig S. Arnold; David J. Lettieri; Margot J. Hutchins; Eric Masanet

2014-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

453

Research and Development for Novel Thermal Energy Storage Systems (TES) for Concentrating Solar Power (CSP)  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective was to develop innovative heat transfer devices and methodologies for novel thermal energy storage systems for concentrating solar power generation involving phase change materials (PCMs). Specific objectives included embedding thermosyphons and/or heat pipes (TS/HPs) within appropriate phase change materials to significantly reduce thermal resistances within the thermal energy storage system of a large-scale concentrating solar power plant and, in turn, improve performance of the plant. Experimental, system level and detailed comprehensive modeling approaches were taken to investigate the effect of adding TS/HPs on the performance of latent heat thermal energy storage (LHTES) systems.

Faghri, Amir; Bergman, Theodore L; Pitchumani, Ranga

2013-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

454

An atomic-scale analysis of catalytically-assisted chemical vapor deposition of carbon nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An atomic-scale analysis of catalytically-assisted chemical vapor deposition of carbon nanotubes M Growth of carbon nanotubes during transition-metal particles catalytically-assisted thermal decomposition of various nanotube surface and edge reactions (e.g. adsorption of hydrocarbons and hydrogen onto the surface

Grujicic, Mica

455

High tensile modulus of carbon nanotube nano-fibers produced by dielectrophoresis Han Zhang a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High tensile modulus of carbon nanotube nano-fibers produced by dielectrophoresis Han Zhang a , Jie GPa, much higher than the carbon nanotube fibers spun by other tech- niques. The tensile modulus, electrical, and thermal properties [12­14]. To produce a carbon nanotube nano-fiber, one method

Qin, Lu-Chang

456

Covalently Linked DNA Nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

SEM analyses of the nanotubes generated according to Scheme 2 further support the suggested folding of the 2D cross-linked DNA array into the nanotube structure. ... Here, we report a modular approach to DNA nanotube synthesis that provides access to geometrically well-defined triangular and square-shaped DNA nanotubes. ... and assembly of carbon nanotubes, and in nanotube-based DNA sensing and sepns. ...

Ofer I. Wilner; Anja Henning; Bella Shlyahovsky; Itamar Willner

2010-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

457

Photoresponse from noble metal nanoparticles-multi walled carbon nanotube composites  

SciTech Connect

In this Letter, we investigated the photo-response of multi wall carbon nanotube-based composites obtained from in situ thermal evaporation of noble metals (Au, Ag, and Cu) on the nanotube films. The metal deposition process produced discrete nanoparticles on the nanotube outer walls. The nanoparticle-carbon nanotube films were characterized by photo-electrochemical measurements in a standard three electrode cell. The photocurrent from the decorated carbon nanotubes remarkably increased with respect to that of bare multiwall tubes. With the aid of first-principle calculations, these results are discussed in terms of metal nanoparticle-nanotube interactions and electronic charge transfer at the interface.

Scarselli, M.; Camilli, L.; Castrucci, P.; De Crescenzi, M. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Roma Tor Vergata, Via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, 00133 Roma (Italy); Matthes, L. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Roma Tor Vergata, Via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, 00133 Roma (Italy); Institut fuer Festkoepertheorie und optik, Friedrich Schiller Universitaet, Max-Wien Platz 1, Jena (Germany); Pulci, O. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Roma Tor Vergata, Via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, 00133 Roma (Italy); ETSF, MIFO, and CNR-ISM, Via del Fosso del Cavaliere, Roma (Italy); Gatto, E.; Venanzi, M. [Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Chimiche, Universita di Roma Tor Vergata, Via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, 00133 Roma (Italy)

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

458

Thermal and Economic Analyses of Energy Saving by Enclosing Gas Turbine Combustor Section  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) thermography inspection indicated a high-temperature area (500~560°F) at the combustor section of the GE Frame 5 gas turbine of Dynegy Gas Processing Plant at Venice, Louisiana. To improve the thermal efficiency and reduce energy cost, thermal... within the natural gas industry, the Venice plant is seeking various means to reduce cost. As part of the project to improve the energy efficiency of the plant and thus reduce energy costs, Dynegy contracted the Energy Conversion & Conservation...

Li, X.; Wang, T.; Day, B.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Comparison of closed and open thermochemical processes, for long-term thermal energy storage applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Comparison of closed and open thermochemical processes, for long-term thermal energy storage-term thermal storage, second law analysis * Corresponding author: E-mail: mazet@univ-perp.fr Nomenclature c Energy Tecnosud, Rambla de la thermodynamique, 66100 Perpignan, France b Université de Perpignan Via

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

460

Charging-free electrochemical system for harvesting low-grade thermal energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology...Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology...processes, environment, solar-thermal, and geothermal energy (1...Commun 2 : 550 Work at Massachusetts Institute of Technology...by the Solid State Solar-Thermal Energy Conversion...

Yuan Yang; Seok Woo Lee; Hadi Ghasemi; James Loomis; Xiaobo Li; Daniel Kraemer; Guangyuan Zheng; Yi Cui; Gang Chen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotube thermal energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

A Novel Integrated Frozen Soil Thermal Energy Storage and Ground-Source Heat Pump System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, a novel integrated frozen soil thermal energy storage and ground-source heat pump (IFSTS&GSHP) system in which the GHE can act as both cold thermal energy storage device and heat exchanger for GSHP is first presented. The IFSTS...

Jiang, Y.; Yao, Y.; Rong, L.; Ma, Z.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Low-temperature catalyst activator: mechanism of dense carbon nanotube forest growth studied using synchrotron radiation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The mechanism of dense vertically aligned carbon nanotube growth achieved by a recently developed thermal chemical vapor deposition method was studied using synchrotron radiation spectroscopic techniques.

Takashima, A.

2014-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

463

Enhanced performance of high temperature aluminate cementitious materials incorporated with Cu powders for thermal energy storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Cementitious materials have been extensively developed in thermal energy storage system of solar thermal power. This paper deals with the volume heat capacity, thermal conductivity, thermal expansion coefficient, and compressive strength of aluminate cementitious thermal energy storage materials with the addition of metal Cu powders. The specimens were subjected to heat-treatment at 105, 350, and 900 °C, respectively. In the heating process, Cu powders gradually oxidized to Cu2O and CuO, providing a so-called mass compensation mechanism for the composite paste. Meanwhile, it indicates that volume heat capacity and thermal conductivity both increase with increasing Cu powders content and decrease with the rising temperature. The optimum thermal properties were obtained at 15 wt% Cu powders loading. In addition, Calorimetric Test, XRD, TG–DSC, and MIP are performed for characterizing the hydration rates, the phases, the mass/heat evolution, and the pore distribution, respectively.

Huiwen Yuan; Yu Shi; Chunhua Lu; Zhongzi Xu; Yaru Ni; Xianghui Lan

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Thermal conductance of solid-liquid interfaces Scott Huxtable, Zhenbin Ge, David G. Cahill  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

thermal conductivity in nanostructured materials ­ improved thermoelectric energy conversion improved/surfactant/water PMMA/Al2O3 nanotube/alkane #12;Modulated pump-probe apparatus f=10 MHz rf lock-in #12;Solid · Cooling rate (RC time constant) gives interface conductance G = 12 MW m-2 K-1G = 12 MW m K #12;Application

Braun, Paul

465

Electrochemical gating of individual single-wall carbon nanotubes observed by electron transport measurements and resonant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, the Fermi energy of a nanotube can be changed, as ions from the solution accu- mulate on the surface gating of nanotubes has been shown previously to effectively shift the Fermi energy of semiconducting with the laser energy, we can observe the Raman spectrum from a single SWNT.7 Electrochemical gating of nanotubes

466

Electronic states of metallic and semiconducting carbon nanotubes with bond and site disorder  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy in both of metallic and semiconducting carbon nanotubes. The bond disorder gives rise to a huge nanotube. We have also found that suppression of electronic conductance around the Fermi energy due and semiconducting carbon nanotubes. A huge density of states appears at the Fermi energy in the bond disorder case

Harigaya, Kikuo

467

Thermal Systems Process and Components Laboratory (Fact Sheet), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory), Energy Systems Integration Facility (ESIF)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Systems Process and Systems Process and Components Laboratory may include: * CSP technology developers * Utilities * Certification laboratories * Government agencies * Universities * Other National laboratories Contact Us If you are interested in working with NREL's Thermal Systems Process and Components Laboratory, please contact: ESIF Manager Carolyn Elam Carolyn.Elam@nrel.gov 303-275-4311 Thermal Systems Process and Components Laboratory The focus of the Thermal Systems Process and Components Laboratory at NREL's Energy Systems Integration Facility (ESIF) is to research, develop, test, and evaluate new techniques for thermal energy storage systems that are relevant to utility-scale concentrating solar power plants. The laboratory holds

468

Relationship of regional water quality to aquifer thermal energy storage  

SciTech Connect

Ground-water quality and associated geologic characteristics may affect the feasibility of aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) system development in any hydrologic region. This study sought to determine the relationship between ground-water quality parameters and the regional potential for ATES system development. Information was collected from available literature to identify chemical and physical mechanisms that could adversely affect an ATES system. Appropriate beneficiation techniques to counter these potential geochemical and lithologic problems were also identified through the literature search. Regional hydrology summaries and other sources were used in reviewing aquifers of 19 drainage regions in the US to determine generic geochemical characteristics for analysis. Numerical modeling techniques were used to perform geochemical analyses of water quality from 67 selected aquifers. Candidate water resources regions were then identified for exploration and development of ATES. This study identified six principal mechanisms by which ATES reservoir permeability may be impaired: (1) particulate plugging, (2) chemical precipitation, (3) liquid-solid reactions, (4) formation disaggregation, (5) oxidation reactions, and (6) biological activity. Specific proven countermeasures to reduce or eliminate these effects were found. Of the hydrologic regions reviewed, 10 were identified as having the characteristics necessary for ATES development: (1) Mid-Atlantic, (2) South-Atlantic Gulf, (3) Ohio, (4) Upper Mississippi, (5) Lower Mississippi, (6) Souris-Red-Rainy, (7) Missouri Basin, (8) Arkansas-White-Red, (9) Texas-Gulf, and (10) California.

Allen, R.D.

1983-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Fluoride based cathodes and electrolytes for high energy thermal batteries  

SciTech Connect

A research and development program is being conducted at the Saft Advanced Technologies Division in Hunt Valley, MD to double the energy density of a thermal battery. A study of high voltage cathodes to replace iron disulfide is in progress. Single cells are being studied with a lithium anode and either a copper(II) fluoride, silver(II) fluoride, or iron(III) fluoride cathode. Due to the high reactivity of these cathodes, conventional alkali metal chloride and bromide salt electrolytes must be replaced by alkali metal fluoride electrolytes. Parametric studies using design-of-experiments matrices will be performed so that the best cathode for an improved battery design can be selected. Titanium hardware for the design will provide a higher strength to weight ratio with lower emissivity than conventional stainless steel. The battery will consist of two power sections. The goals are battery activation in less than 0.2 s, 88 Wh/kg, 1,385 W/kg, and 179 Wh/L over an environmental temperature range of {minus}40 C to +70 C.

Briscoe, J.D.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Thermal Gradient Holes At Coso Geothermal Area (1976) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Thermal Gradient Holes At Coso Geothermal Area (1976) Thermal Gradient Holes At Coso Geothermal Area (1976) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Thermal Gradient Holes At Coso Geothermal Area (1976) Exploration Activity Details Location Coso Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Thermal Gradient Holes Activity Date 1976 Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Temperatures have been obtained to depths up to 133 m in 22 boreholes with measurements being made at least four times in each borehole. Geothermal gradients ranged from 240C/km to 450 0C/km. References Combs, J. (1 December 1976) Heat flow determinations and implied thermal regime of the Coso geothermal area, California Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Thermal_Gradient_Holes_At_Coso_Geothermal_Area_(1976)&oldid=511217"

471

Endohedral Impurities in Carbon Nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A generalization of the Anderson model that includes pseudo-Jahn-Teller impurity coupling is proposed to describe distortions of an endohedral impurity in a carbon nanotube. Within mean-field theory, spontaneous axial symmetry breaking is found when the vibronic coupling strength g exceeds a critical value. The effective potential is found to have O(2) symmetry, in agreement with numerical calculations. For metallic zigzag nanotubes endohedrally doped with transition metals in the dilute limit, the low-energy properties of the system may display two-channel Kondo behavior; however, strong vibronic coupling is seen to exponentially suppress the Kondo energy scale.

Dennis P. Clougherty

2003-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

472

Energy Balance and Thermal Comfort in Passive Solar Housing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To evaluate the performance of different passive solar dwellings it is necessary to consider not only the thermal performance but also the “comfort performance” of the system.

K. Alder; Ch. Eriksson; A. Faist; N. Morel

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Research Program - Center for Solar and Thermal Energy Conversion  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

below. Organic and Hybrid Systems for TE Improving Thermoelectric Efficiency via Low Thermal Boundary Conductance Heat dissipation in Atomic-Scale Junctions A General Strategy to...

474

Battery Thermal Modeling and Testing | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation es110smith2011p.pdf More Documents & Publications NREL Battery Thermal and Life Test Facility...

475

Transition Region Emission and Energy Input to Thermal Plasma During the Impulsive Phase of Solar Flares  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The energy released in a solar flare is partitioned between thermal and non-thermal particle energy and lost to thermal conduction and radiation over a broad range of wavelengths. It is difficult to determine the conductive losses and the energy radiated at transition region temperatures during the impulsive phases of flares. We use UVCS measurements of O VI photons produced by 5 flares and subsequently scattered by O VI ions in the corona to determine the 5.0 thermal energy and the conductive losses deduced from RHESSI and GOES X-ray data using areas from RHESSI images to estimate the loop volumes, cross-sectional areas and scale lengths. The transition region luminosities during the impulsive phase exceed the X-ray luminosities for the first few minutes, but they are smaller than the rates of increase of thermal energy unless the filling factor of the X-ray emitting gas is ~ 0.01. The estimated conductive losses from the hot gas are too large to be balanced by radiative losses or heating of evaporated plasma, and we conclude that the area of the flare magnetic flux tubes is much smaller than the effective area measured by RHESSI during this phase of the flares. For the 2002 July 23 flare, the energy deposited by non-thermal particles exceeds the X-ray and UV energy losses and the rate of increase of the thermal energy.

J. C. Raymond; G. Holman; A. Ciaravella; A. Panasyuk; Y. -K. Ko; J. Kohl

2007-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

476

Software Optimization for Performance, Energy, and Thermal Distribution: Initial Case Studies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of our time. Data center energy consumption is now 2-3% of total US electricity use and is increasing-level energy consumption. I. INTRODUCTION Energy efficiency is one of the central societal and technical issues- sired level of performance while reducing energy consumption. A closely related issue is thermal

Herbordt, Martin

477

EnergyPlus as a forensic tool: Thermal reconstruction of a crime scene using calibrated simulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study utilized energy simulation in support of a forensic pathology time-of-death analysis for a corpse discovered in a single-family residence two years prior to the study. In order to produce an accurate estimate of the interior temperature profile ... Keywords: Energy model calibration, energy model accuracy, free-floating energy simulation, legal application of thermal simulation

Nathan Brown, M Susan Ubbelohde, George Loisos, Santosh Philip, Ibone Santiago

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Thermal energy storage technologies and systems for concentrating solar power plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a review of thermal energy storage system design methodologies and the factors to be considered at different hierarchical levels for concentrating solar power (CSP) plants. Thermal energy storage forms a key component of a power plant for improvement of its dispatchability. Though there have been many reviews of storage media, there are not many that focus on storage system design along with its integration into the power plant. This paper discusses the thermal energy storage system designs presented in the literature along with thermal and exergy efficiency analyses of various thermal energy storage systems integrated into the power plant. Economic aspects of these systems and the relevant publications in literature are also summarized in this effort.

Sarada Kuravi; Jamie Trahan; D. Yogi Goswami; Muhammad M. Rahman; Elias K. Stefanakos

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Solution Phase Routes to Functional Nanostructured Materials for Energy Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon Nanotubes for Enhanced Electrochemical EnergyEnergy dispersive X-ray spectra for CuInSe 2 nanowires (a) and nanotubes (Energy dispersive X-ray spectra for CuInSe 2 nanowires (a) and nanotubes (

Rauda, Iris Ester

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Energetics of bent carbon nanotubes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Several junctions between different nanotubes have been constructed which preserve the C sp2 honeycomb lattice with the sole insertion of a pentagon and a heptagon. This construction bends the structure at an angle that depends on the distance between the pentagon and heptagon. The atomic structure of these systems was optimized with empirical interatomic potentials. The nanotubes on both sides of the junctions were treated as infinitely long. Local ?+? electron densities of states were computed locally in the interfacial region with a tight-binding Hamiltonian. From this, the electron energy of the junctions was computed and compared to that of the separated nanotubes. It is found that the energy of a pentagon-heptagon defect in the graphitic tubular network is around 6 eV.

V. Meunier; L. Henrard; Ph. Lambin

1998-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotube thermal energy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Modeling the heating of the Green Energy Lab in Shanghai by the geothermal heat pump combined with the solar thermal energy and ground energy storage.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This work involves the study of heating systems that combine solar collectors, geothermal heat pumps and thermal energy storage in the ground. Solar collectors… (more)

Yu, Candice Yau May

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Thermally Speciated Mercury in Mineral Exploration | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Thermally Speciated Mercury in Mineral Exploration Thermally Speciated Mercury in Mineral Exploration Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Thermally Speciated Mercury in Mineral Exploration Abstract Abstract unavailable. Author S.C. Smith Conference IGES; Dublin, CA; 2003/09/01 Published IGES, 2003 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http://crossref.org Citation S.C. Smith. 2003. Thermally Speciated Mercury in Mineral Exploration. In: Programs & Abstracts: Soil and Regolith Geochemistry in the Search for Mineral Deposits. IGES; 2003/09/01; Dublin, CA. Dublin, CA: IGES; p. 78 Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Thermally_Speciated_Mercury_in_Mineral_Exploration&oldid=681717" Categories: References Geothermal References

483

W0 pairing in ,,N,N... carbon nanotubes away from half filling Enrico Perfetto, Gianluca Stefanucci, and Michele Cini  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,1 nanotube confirm the expectations. For (N,N) nanotubes of length l, the binding energy of the pair dependsWĂ?0 pairing in ,,N,N... carbon nanotubes away from half filling Enrico Perfetto, Gianluca bands of carbon single-wall (N,N) nanotubes. A detailed symmetry analysis shows that the model allows W

Stefanucci, Gianluca

484

Graphene and its Hybrid Nanostructures for Nanoelectronics and Energy Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

storage of energy in carbon nanotubes and nanostructurednanotubes (CNTs) have been widely applied in electrochemical energy

LIN, JIAN

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Modeling the Physical and Biochemical Influence of Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Plant Discharges into their Adjacent Waters  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Modeling the Physical and Biochemical Influence of Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Plant Discharges into their Adjacent Waters

486

Modifying Nanotubes Chemistry and Electronics of Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modifying Nanotubes Chemistry and Electronics of Carbon Nanotubes Go Together Ernesto Joselevich* Keywords: chemical reactivity · electronic structure · molecular electronics · nanotechnology · nanotubes yield mixtures of metallic and semi- conducting nanotubes, extensive re- search has been devoted

Joselevich, Ernesto

487

Light Energy Conversion at Carbon Nanotubes - Organic and Inorganic Interfaces: Photovoltaics, Photodetectors and Bolometers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

CNT light absorption is an initial step leading to a generation of bound excitons [13–15]. In order to convert light energy into an electrical signal, excitons should be separated on free charge carriers (electro...

Igor A. Levitsky

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Improvements on carbon nanotube structures in high-energy density ultracapacitor electrode design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ultracapacitors are a class of electrochemical energy storage device that is gaining significant industrial traction due to their high charging rate and cycle life compared to rechargeable batteries; however, they store ...

Jenicek, David P. (David Pierre)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Stimuli-responsive polymer nanotube arrays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nanotube arrays, composed of materials such as carbon, titania, and zinc oxide, have shown potential as conductors, energy conversion devices, actuators, and adhesives. Such nanoscale constructs are particularly novel for ...

Chia, Khek-Khiang

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

OCEAN THERMAL ENERGY CONVERSION (OTEC) PROGRAMMATIC ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYSIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mexico. Energy Research and Development Administration, Division of SolarMexico. Energy Research and Development Administration, Division of Solar

Sands, M. D.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Ris Energy Report 5 Solar thermal 41 by the end of 2004 about 110 million m2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Risø Energy Report 5 Solar thermal 41 6.3.2 by the end of 2004 about 110 million m2 of solar ther be within the competence of the existing solar thermal industry. Solar thermal PETER AHM, PA ENERgy LTD- mal collectors were installed worldwide. Figure 24 il- lustrates the energy contribution from

492

California Solar Initiative - Solar Thermal Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

California Solar Initiative - Solar Thermal Program California Solar Initiative - Solar Thermal Program California Solar Initiative - Solar Thermal Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Solar Swimming Pool Heaters Water Heating Maximum Rebate Step 1 Incentive Limits (contact utility to determine current incentive limits): Single-family residential systems that displace natural gas: $2,719 Single-family residential systems that displace electricity or propane: $1,834 Commercial and multifamily residential systems that displace natural gas: $500,000 Commercial and multifamily residential systems that displace electricity or propane: $250,000

493

Performance of a hybrid pyroelectric LiNbO{sub 3} and TiO{sub 2} nanotubes X-ray source  

SciTech Connect

Effects of crystal length and temperature on performance and degradation properties of LiNbO{sub 3}/TiO{sub 2} pyroelectric/nanotube X-ray source were studied. Such hybrid LiNbO{sub 3}/TiO{sub 2} X-ray source was fabricated by bonding electrochemically grown TiO{sub 2} nanotubes on ?z face of pyroelectric LiNbO{sub 3} crystal. In particular, it was found that maximum accelerated electron energy increased with height for both pure and hybrid LiNbO{sub 3}/TiO{sub 2} system for both heating and cooling cycles. For example, for 2 cm long hybrid structure the resulting maximum energy during heating cycle was 97 keV as compared to 74 keV for 1 cm long structure. The maximum energy for the pure sample without nanotubes increased from 45 keV to 66 keV. Increased endpoint energy of nanotube based X-ray source is attributed to electric field amplification on nanotube tips increasing the efficiency of residual gas ionization, leading to improved charge carrier transmission efficiency. The degradation properties were studied by performing multiple thermal cycles and results revealed that cluster nanotips erode over time. After 20 cycles they become flat as was evidenced from scanning electron microscope analysis.

Alivov, Yahya; Molloi, Sabee [Department of Radiological Sciences, University of California, Irvine, California 92697 (United States)] [Department of Radiological Sciences, University of California, Irvine, California 92697 (United States)

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

494

Tomorrow`s energy today for cities and counties - keep it cool with thermal energy storage  

SciTech Connect

Cool thermal energy storage (TES) is described as a means for electric utilities to provide electricity from off-peak times, particularly in the summer when air-conditioning accounts for 50% or more of electricity consumption. Cool TES uses off-peak power to provide cooling capacity by extracting heat from a storage medium such as ice or other phase change material. A refrigeration system may may be utilized at night to provide a reservoir of cold material. During the day, the reservoir is tapped to provide cooling capacity. The advantages of TES are discussed.

NONE

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Progress from DOE EF RC: Solid-State Solar-Thermal Energy Conversion Center (S3TEC)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Introduction to the solid-state solar-thermal energy conversion center plus discussion on phonon transport and solar thermoelectric energy conversion

496

Geochemical Sampling of Thermal Waters in Nevada | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geochemical Sampling of Thermal Waters in Nevada Geochemical Sampling of Thermal Waters in Nevada Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Geochemical Sampling of Thermal Waters in Nevada Abstract There are 1000 thermal springs in Nevada for which a location is known, but for which there are no available temperature (or chemical) measurements. Although many of these sites are within known geothermal areas and are located near springs for which temperature and/or geochemical data are available for one of the springs, many of these sites are not so located and require evaluation before the geothermal potential of the area can be assessed. In order to begin filling in data gaps, water sampling commenced in 2002 when over 70 analyses were obtained from springs with previously

497

Made in Minnesota Solar Thermal Rebate | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Made in Minnesota Solar Thermal Rebate Made in Minnesota Solar Thermal Rebate Made in Minnesota Solar Thermal Rebate < Back Eligibility Commercial Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Solar Swimming Pool Heaters Water Heating Buying & Making Electricity Commercial Heating & Cooling Maximum Rebate Single-Family Residential: $2,500 Multi-Family Residential: $5,000 Commercial: $25,000 Program Info Start Date 1/1/2014 Expiration Date 12/31/2023 State Minnesota Program Type State Rebate Program Rebate Amount 25% Provider Minnesota Department of Commerce Beginning in 2014, the Department of Commerce will offer a Made in Minnesota Solar Thermal Rebate program. Rebates are 25% of installed costs, with a $2,500 maximum for residential systems, $5,000 maximum for multi-family residential systems, and $25,000 for commercial systems.

498

Representation of thermal energy in the design process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The goal of thermal design is to go beyond the comfort zone. In spatial design architects don't just look up square footage requirements and then draw a rectangle that satisfies the givens. There must be an interpretation. ...

Roth, Shaun

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

The Strong Case for Thermal Energy Storage and Utility Incentives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

construction costs, more stringent regulations, and increasing environmental constraints regarding development of new generating facilities. As the thermal cooling storage technology has matured, more and more utilities are recognizing that widespread use...

McCannon, L. W.

500

Superconductivity in Bundles of Double-Wall Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present electrical and thermal specific heat measurements that show superconductivity in double-wall carbon nanotube (DWCNT) bundles. Clear evidence, comprising a resistance drop as a function of temperature, magnetoresistance ...

Shi, Wu