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1

Nanotechnology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Key Resources CINT (Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies) CINT works closely with other DOE nanoscience centers, universities, and industrial partners to explore relationships...

2

Adaptive Implicit Non-Equilibrium Radiation Diffusion  

SciTech Connect

We describe methods for accurate and efficient long term time integra- tion of non-equilibrium radiation diffusion systems: implicit time integration for effi- cient long term time integration of stiff multiphysics systems, local control theory based step size control to minimize the required global number of time steps while control- ling accuracy, dynamic 3D adaptive mesh refinement (AMR) to minimize memory and computational costs, Jacobian Free Newton-Krylov methods on AMR grids for efficient nonlinear solution, and optimal multilevel preconditioner components that provide level independent solver convergence.

Philip, Bobby [ORNL; Wang, Zhen [ORNL; Berrill, Mark A [ORNL; Rodriguez Rodriguez, Manuel [ORNL; Pernice, Michael [Idaho National Laboratory (INL)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Electrolytes: transport properties and non-equilibrium thermodynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a review on the application of non-equilibrium thermodynamics to transport in electrolyte solutions, and some recent experimental work and results for mutual diffusion in electrolyte solutions.

Miller, D.G.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Excitation of superconducting qubits from hot non-equilibrium quasiparticles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Superconducting qubits probe environmental defects such as non-equilibrium quasiparticles, an important source of decoherence. We show that "hot" non-equilibrium quasiparticles, with energies above the superconducting gap, affect qubits differently from quasiparticles at the gap, implying qubits can probe the dynamic quasiparticle energy distribution. For hot quasiparticles, we predict a non-neligable increase in the qubit excited state probability P_e. By injecting hot quasiparticles into a qubit, we experimentally measure an increase of P_e in semi-quantitative agreement with the model and rule out the typically assumed thermal distribution.

J. Wenner; Yi Yin; Erik Lucero; R. Barends; Yu Chen; B. Chiaro; J. Kelly; M. Lenander; Matteo Mariantoni; A. Megrant; C. Neill; P. J. J. O'Malley; D. Sank; A. Vainsencher; H. Wang; T. C. White; A. N. Cleland; John M. Martinis

2012-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

5

Non-equilibrium dynamics of a system with Quantum Frustration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using flow equations, equilibrium and non-equilibrium dynamics of a two-level system are investigated, which couples via non-commuting components to two independent oscillator baths. In equilibrium the two-level energy splitting is protected when the TLS is coupled symmetrically to both bath. A critical asymmetry angle separates the localized from the delocalized phase. On the other hand, real-time decoherence of a non-equilibrium initial state is for a generic initial state faster for a coupling to two baths than for a single bath.

Heiner Kohler; Andreas Hackl; Stefan Kehrein

2013-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

6

Book review Title: Non-equilibrium thermodynamics for engineers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Book review Title: Non-equilibrium thermodynamics for engineers Authors: Signe Kjelstrup, Dick book represents a significant contribution to a better understanding of fundamental and applied non metrics" Krzysztof J. Ptasinski, member of EGY Book Review Panel 1. Review by Krzysztof J. Ptasinski

Kjelstrup, Signe

7

Stochastic Measures and Modular Evolution in Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an application of the theory of stochastic processes to model and categorize non-equilibrium physical phenomena. The concepts of uniformly continuous probability measures and modular evolution lead to a systematic hierarchical structure for (physical) correlation functions and non-equilibrium thermodynamical potentials. It is proposed that macroscopic evolution equations (such as dynamic correlation functions) may be obtained from a non-equilibrium thermodynamical description, by using the fact that extended thermodynamical potentials belong to a certain class of statistical systems whose probability distribution functions are defined by a stationary measure; although a measure which is, in general, different from the equilibrium Gibbs measure. These probability measures obey a certain hierarchy on its stochastic evolution towards the most probable (stationary) measure. This in turns defines a convergence sequence. We propose a formalism which considers the mesoscopic stage (typical of non-local dissipative processes such as the ones described by extended irreversible thermodynamics) as being governed by stochastic dynamics due to the effect of non-equilibrium fluctuations. Some applications of the formalism are described.

Enrique Hernandez-Lemus; Jesus K. Estrada-Gil

2009-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

8

Non-equilibrium electromagnetic fluctuations: Heat transfer and interactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Casimir force between arbitrary objects in equilibrium is related to scattering from individual bodies. We extend this approach to heat transfer and Casimir forces in non-equilibrium cases where each body, and the environment, is at a different temperature. The formalism tracks the radiation from each body and its scatterings by the other objects. We discuss the radiation from a cylinder, emphasizing its polarized nature, and obtain the heat transfer between a sphere and a plate, demonstrating the validity of proximity transfer approximation at close separations and arbitrary temperatures.

Matthias Krüger; Thorsten Emig; Mehran Kardar

2011-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

9

Ethanol reforming in non-equilibrium plasma of glow discharge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The results of a detailed kinetic study of the main plasma chemical processes in non-equilibrium ethanol/argon plasma are presented. It is shown that at the beginning of the discharge the molecular hydrogen is mainly generated in the reaction of ethanol H-abstraction. Later hydrogen is formed from active H, CH2OH and CH3CHOH and formaldehyde. Comparison with experimental data has shown that the used kinetic mechanism predicts well the concentrations of main species at the reactor outlet.

Levko, D

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics formalism for Marcus cross-exchange electron transfer reaction rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The cross-exchange electron transfer expression arising from Marcus theory is deduced using Onsager's non-equilibrium Thermodynamics formalism.

Sethi, Richa

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Nanotechnology - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sep 20, 2006 ... Research and nanotechnology development at the atomlc, molecular or macromolecular levels, In the length scale of 1 — 100 nanometer ...

12

Non-Equilibrium 2PI Potential and Its Possible Application to Evaluation of Bulk Viscosity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Within non-equilibrium Green's function technique on the real-time contour and the two-particle-irreducable (2PI) $\\Phi$-functional method, a non-equilibrium potential is introduced. It naturally generalizes the conventional thermodynamic potential with which it coincides in thermal equilibrium. Variations of the non-equilibrium potential over respective parameters result in the same quantities as those of the thermodynamic potential but in arbitrary non-equilibrium. In particular, for slightly non-equilibrium inhomogeneous configurations a variation of the non-equilibrium potential over volume is associated with the trace of the non-equilibrium stress tensor. The latter is related to the bulk viscosity. This provides a novel way for evaluation of the bulk viscosity.

Ivanov, Yu B

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Non-Equilibrium Ionization States of GRB Environments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Iron spectral features are thought to be the best tracer of a progenitor of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). The detections of spectral features such as an iron line and/or a Radiative Recombination edge and Continuum (RRC) were reported in four X-ray afterglows of GRBs. However their properties were different each other burst by burst. For example, Chandra observation of GRB 991216 reported both the strong H-like iron line together with its RRC. On the contrary, Yoshida et al. (2001) report only a detection of the strong RRC in GRB 970828 with ASCA. Since it is difficult to produce the strong RRC, we have to consider special condition for the line and/or the RRC forming region. In this paper, we point out a possibility of a ``non-equilibrium ionization state'' for the line and the RRC forming region.

Yonetoku, D; Masai, K; Yoshida, A; Kawai, N; Namiki, M

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Non-Equilibrium Ionization States of GRB Environments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Iron spectral features are thought to be the best tracer of a progenitor of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). The detections of spectral features such as an iron line and/or a Radiative Recombination edge and Continuum (RRC) were reported in four X-ray afterglows of GRBs. However their properties were different each other burst by burst. For example, Chandra observation of GRB 991216 reported both the strong H-like iron line together with its RRC. On the contrary, Yoshida et al. (2001) report only a detection of the strong RRC in GRB 970828 with ASCA. Since it is difficult to produce the strong RRC, we have to consider special condition for the line and/or the RRC forming region. In this paper, we point out a possibility of a ``non-equilibrium ionization state'' for the line and the RRC forming region.

D. Yonetoku; T. Murakami; K. Masai; A. Yoshida; N. Kawai; M. Namiki

2001-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

15

Generation of hydrogen-rich gas using non equilibrium plasma discharges.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation investigates Non equilibrium plasma discharges, particularly gliding arc plasma discharge and dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) as alternative techniques to thermal or catalytic conversion… (more)

Odeyemi, Olufela O.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Nanotechnology Needs Assessment What is Nanotechnology?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

=KWS&V=Na. Accessed: 05 October 2006. 2 EPA Nanotechnology White Paper. Available: http://www.epa.gov/OSA/pdfs/EPA_nanotechnology_white_paper_external_review_draft_12-02-2005.pdf Accessed: 09 September 2006. Pg. 4. 3 EPA Nanotechnology White Paper. Available: http://www.epa.gov/OSA/pdfs/EPA_nanotechnology_white_paper_external_review_draft_12-02-2005.pdf Accessed: 09

Lewis, Robert Michael

17

Theory and simulation of quantum photovoltaic devices based on the non-equilibrium Green's function formalism  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article reviews the application of the non-equilibrium Green's function formalism to the simulation of novel photovoltaic devices utilizing quantum confinement effects in low dimensional absorber structures. It covers well-known aspects of the fundamental ... Keywords: NEGF, Photovoltaics, Quantum dot, Quantum well

U. Aeberhard

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Weakly nonlocal non-equilibrium thermodynamics - variational principles and Second Law  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A general, uniform, rigorous and constructive thermodynamic approach to weakly nonlocal non-equilibrium thermodynamics is reviewed. A method is given to construct and restrict the evolution equations of physical theories according to the Second Law of thermodynamics and considering weakly nonlocal constitutive state spaces. The evolution equations of internal variables, the classical irreversible thermodynamics and Korteweg fluids are treated.

Ván, P

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Non-equilibrium structures: How can they be maintained? Signe Kjelstrup,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or by obtaining energy from the outside, of course! A non-equilibrium structure is maintained by supply of energy everywhere; in nature and in industry. Nature has evolved over billions of years, and only the fittest have in some sense. Can the understanding of natural structures be helpful for man-made designs of energy

Kjelstrup, Signe

20

Nanotechnology Development in Arab States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Nanotechnology Development in Arab States ... to quickly build scientific capacity and track the worldwide developments in nanotechnology.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotechnology gc5 non-equilibrium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Handbook of Electrochemical Nanotechnology  

SciTech Connect

This 2-volume handbook provides an overview of recent advances in the field of electrochemical nanotechnology. It will be of great interst to graduate students, scientists, and engineering professionals whose research is at the interface of electrochemistry and nanotechnology.

Lin, Yuehe; Nalwa, H. S.

2009-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

22

Lipids in Nanotechnology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nanotechnology is a rapidly expanding field which includes fundamental nanoscale phenomena and processes, nanomaterials, nanoscale devices and systems, nanomanufacturing, and benefits and risks of nanotechnology. This book will be useful to scholars, scien

23

Nanotechnology Information in MML  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... progress toward nanotechnology's many anticipated market applications and societal benefits worldwide, from cost-competitive solar power to ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

24

Approaches to Safe Nanotechnology | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Approaches to Safe Nanotechnology Approaches to Safe Nanotechnology Approaches to Safe Nanotechnology CX rulemaking files More Documents & Publications Nanomaterial Laboratory...

25

Photon production from non-equilibrium QGP in heavy ion collisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a calculation of thermal photon production i.e. photons from secondary interactions among particles produced in heavy ion collisions at collider energies. This is done within the framework of hydrodynamics. We take into account the lack of chemical equilibrium in QGP. It turns out that main effects from chemical non-equilibrium composition of QGP, reduction of particle number and increase in temperature, nearly cancel in photon spectrum.

F. Gelis; H. Niemi; P. V. Ruuskanen; S. S. Rasanen

2004-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

26

Non-equilibrium hydrogen ionization in 2D simulations of the solar atmosphere  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ionization of hydrogen in the solar chromosphere and transition region does not obey LTE or instantaneous statistical equilibrium because the timescale is long compared with important hydrodynamical timescales, especially of magneto-acoustic shocks. We implement an algorithm to compute non-equilibrium hydrogen ionization and its coupling into the MHD equations within an existing radiation MHD code, and perform a two-dimensional simulation of the solar atmosphere from the convection zone to the corona. Analysis of the simulation results and comparison to a companion simulation assuming LTE shows that: a) Non-equilibrium computation delivers much smaller variations of the chromospheric hydrogen ionization than for LTE. The ionization is smaller within shocks but subsequently remains high in the cool intershock phases. As a result, the chromospheric temperature variations are much larger than for LTE because in non-equilibrium, hydrogen ionization is a less effective internal energy buffer. The actual shock temperatures are therefore higher and the intershock temperatures lower. b) The chromospheric populations of the hydrogen n = 2 level, which governs the opacity of Halpha, are coupled to the ion populations. They are set by the high temperature in shocks and subsequently remain high in the cool intershock phases. c) The temperature structure and the hydrogen level populations differ much between the chromosphere above photospheric magnetic elements and above quiet internetwork. d) The hydrogen n = 2 population and column density are persistently high in dynamic fibrils, suggesting that these obtain their visibility from being optically thick in Halpha also at low temperature.

J. Leenaarts; M. Carlsson; V. Hansteen; R. J. Rutten

2007-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

27

Space charge corrected electron emission from an aluminum surface under non-equilibrium conditions  

SciTech Connect

A theoretical study has been conducted of ultrashort pulsed laser induced electron emission from an aluminum surface. Electron emission fluxes retrieved from the commonly employed Fowler-DuBridge theory were compared to fluxes based on a laser-induced non-equilibrium electron distribution. As a result, the two- and three-photon photoelectron emission parameters for the Fowler-DuBridge theory have been approximated. We observe that at regimes where photoemission is important, laser-induced electron emission evolves in a more smooth manner than predicted by the Fowler-DuBridge theory. The importance of the actual electron distribution decreases at higher laser fluences, whereas the contribution of thermionic emission increases. Furthermore, the influence of a space charge effect on electron emission was evaluated by a one dimensional particle-in-cell model. Depending on the fluences, the space charge reduces the electron emission by several orders of magnitude. The influence of the electron emission flux profiles on the effective electron emission was found to be negligible. However, a non-equilibrium electron velocity distribution increases the effective electron emission significantly. Our results show that it is essential to consider the non-equilibrium electron distribution as well as the space charge effect for the description of laser-induced photoemission.

Wendelen, W.; Bogaerts, A. [Research Group PLASMANT, University of Antwerp, Universiteitsplein 1, 2610 Wilrijk (Belgium); Mueller, B. Y.; Rethfeld, B. [Department of Physics and Research Center OPTIMAS, University of Kaiserslautern, Erwin-Schroedinger-Strasse, 67663 Kaiserslautern (Germany); Autrique, D. [Research Group PLASMANT, University of Antwerp, Universiteitsplein 1, 2610 Wilrijk (Belgium); Department of Physics and Research Center OPTIMAS, University of Kaiserslautern, Erwin-Schroedinger-Strasse, 67663 Kaiserslautern (Germany)

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Trace formulae for non-equilibrium Casimir interactions, heat radiation and heat transfer for arbitrary objects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a detailed derivation of heat radiation, heat transfer and (Casimir) interactions for N arbitrary objects in the framework of fluctuational electrodynamics in thermal non-equilibrium. The results can be expressed as basis-independent trace formulae in terms of the scattering operators of the individual objects. We prove that heat radiation of a single object is positive, and that heat transfer (for two arbitrary passive objects) is from the hotter to a colder body. The heat transferred is also symmetric, exactly reversed if the two temperatures are exchanged. Introducing partial wave-expansions, we transform the results for radiation, transfer and forces into traces of matrices that can be evaluated in any basis, analogous to the equilibrium Casimir force. The method is illustrated by (re)deriving the heat radiation of a plate, a sphere and a cylinder. We analyze the radiation of a sphere for different materials, emphasizing that a simplification often employed for metallic nano-spheres is typically invalid. We derive asymptotic formulae for heat transfer and non-equilibrium interactions for the cases of a sphere in front a plate and for two spheres, extending previous results. As an example, we show that a hot nano-sphere can levitate above a plate with the repulsive non-equilibrium force overcoming gravity -- an effect that is not due to radiation pressure.

Matthias Krüger; Giuseppe Bimonte; Thorsten Emig; Mehran Kardar

2012-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

29

DOE Science Showcase - Nanotechnology  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

valuable way to spotlight needs and target resources in this critical area of science and technology. Nanotechnology Research Results in DOE Databases DOepatents ScienceCinema...

30

Effects of jamming on non-equilibrium transport times in nano-channels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many biological channels perform highly selective transport without direct input of metabolic energy and without transitions from a 'closed' to an 'open' state during transport. Mechanisms of selectivity of such channels serve as an inspiration for creation of artificial nano-molecular sorting devices and bio-sensors. To elucidate the transport mechanisms, it is important to understand the transport on the single molecule level in the experimentally relevant regime when multiple particles are crowded in the channel. In this paper we analyze the effects of inter-particle crowding on the non-equilibrium transport times through a finite-length channel by means of analytical theory and computer simulations.

Anton Zilman; John Pearson; Golan Bel

2009-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

31

Svaya Nanotechnologies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Name Svaya Nanotechnologies Place Sunnyvale, California Zip 94085 Product Stealth nanotechnology startup developing self-assembling, molecular-scale films useful in the PV...

32

Nanotechnology Highlights | Neutron Scoence | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nanotechnology SHARE Nanotechnology Highlights 1-4 of 4 Results Neutron Imaging Explored as Complementary Technique for Improving Cancer Detection August 05, 2013 - Today's range...

33

NON-EQUILIBRIUM THERMODYNAMIC PROCESSES: SPACE PLASMAS AND THE INNER HELIOSHEATH  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recently, empirical kappa distribution, commonly used to describe non-equilibrium systems like space plasmas, has been connected with non-extensive statistical mechanics. Here we show how a consistent definition of the temperature and pressure is developed for stationary states out of thermal equilibrium, so that the familiar ideal gas state equation still holds. In addition to the classical triplet of temperature, pressure, and density, this generalization requires the kappa index as a fourth independent thermodynamic variable that characterizes the non-equilibrium stationary states. All four of these thermodynamic variables have key roles in describing the governing thermodynamical processes and transitions in space plasmas. We introduce a novel characterization of isothermal and isobaric processes that describe a system's transition into different stationary states by varying the kappa index. In addition, we show how the variation of temperature or/and pressure can occur through an 'iso-q' process, in which the system remains in a fixed stationary state (fixed kappa index). These processes have been detected in the proton plasma in the inner heliosheath via specialized data analysis of energetic neutral atom (ENA) observations from Interstellar Boundary Explorer. In particular, we find that the temperature is highly correlated with (1) kappa, asymptotically related to isothermal ({approx}1,000,000 K) and iso-q ({kappa} {approx} 1.7) processes; and (2) density, related to an isobaric process, which separates the 'Ribbon', P Almost-Equal-To 3.2 pdyn cm{sup -2}, from the globally distributed ENA flux, P Almost-Equal-To 2 pdyn cm{sup -2}.

Livadiotis, G.; McComas, D. J., E-mail: glivadiotis@swri.edu [Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, TX (United States)

2012-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

34

National Nanotechnology Initiative  

Office of Science (SC) Website

National National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) Basic Energy Sciences (BES) BES Home About Research Materials Sciences & Engineering (MSE) Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, and Biosciences (CSGB) Accelerator and Detector Research Research Conduct Policies DOE Energy Innovation Hubs Energy Frontier Research Centers National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) Nanomaterials ES&H Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of BES Funding Opportunities Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee (BESAC) News & Resources Contact Information Basic Energy Sciences U.S. Department of Energy SC-22/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3081 F: (301) 903-6594 E: sc.bes@science.doe.gov More Information » Research National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI)

35

The Application of Dynamic Nuclear Polarization Enhanced NMR to Non-Equilibrium Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) yields remarkably detailed structural information about virtually any molecule. However, its application to non-equilibrium systems is hampered by a lack of sensitivity. To increase the amount of signal that can be obtained from a NMR experiment, various hyperpolarization schemes have been previously introduced. One such technique is dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP), which can enhance NMR sensitivity by several orders of magnitude. The work detailed here focuses on the development of methods utilizing DNP to study non-equilibrium systems such as chemical and biochemical reactions in real-time. To work with hyperpolarized samples, we have designed and constructed a rapid injection and mixing system. This system allows samples to be transported between superconducting magnets used for polarization and for NMR spectroscopy in less than two seconds. Rapid transport is essential for successful use of samples with short spin-lattice relaxation times. For the study of reactions under non-equilibrium conditions, the system provides the additional capability for samples to be mixed with a second, unpolarized reagent. A chromogenic trypsin catalyzed ester hydrolysis reaction was used to validate the DNP-NMR technique as a tool for kinetic analysis. It is shown that the DNP-NMR method agrees with the conventional UV method within the uncertainty of the measurement. Hyperpolarization in this modality presents both challenges and opportunities, each of which motivate the development of new NMR techniques. In addition to the determination of kinetics, DNP-NMR is amenable to mechanistic analysis of a reaction. We have developed a technique based on selective inversion of spin-polarization, which allows for mapping of atoms between reactant and product of a reaction. This scheme was applied to a Grignard reaction, demonstrating applicability to organic reactions. Signal averaging, as it is applied for conventional multi-dimensional correlation spectroscopy cannot always be applied easily when using hyperpolarized sample. For the rapid measurement of heteronuclear correlation spectra, we have developed a technique utilizing the differential scaling of scalar coupling under off-resonance irradiation. Although DNP-NMR yields spectra of outstanding quality even with small quantities of sample, peak intensities are not quantitative. It is nevertheless possible to compare peak multiplets obtained from fractionally isotope labeled samples. Using biosynthetically labeled lipids from E. Coli cells, we showed that the resulting labeling patterns reflect their biosynthetic pathways. As a final case-study employing several of these newly developed methods, the uronate isomerase catalyzed isomerization of glucuronate into fructuronate was studied. The ability to follow the reaction in real-time while directly observing all anomeric forms of the reactant and product permits the independent determination of kinetics for each anomeric form of substrate and product. This study revealed the anomeric specificity of the enzyme.

Bowen, Sean Michael

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

The 2013 NCMS Nanotechnology Commercialization Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, The 2013 NCMS Nanotechnology Commercialization Study ... the last decade to study the impact of the National Nanotechnology Initiative.

37

A comparison of equilibrium and non-equilibrium cycle methods for Na-cooled ATW system.  

SciTech Connect

An equilibrium cycle method, embodied in the REBUS-3[1] code system, has generally been used in conventional fast reactor design activities. The equilibrium cycle method provides an efficient approach for modeling reactor system, compared to the more traditional non-equilibrium cycle fuel management calculation approach. Recently, the equilibrium analysis method has been utilized for designing Accelerator Transmutation of Waste (ATW)[2,3,4] cores, in which a scattered-reloading fuel management scheme is used. Compared with the conventional fast reactors, the ATW core is significantly different in several aspects since its main mission is to incinerate the transuranic (TRU) fuels. The high burnup non-fertile fuel has large variations in composition and reactivity during its lifetime. Furthermore, a relatively short cycle length is utilized in the ATW design to limit the potentially large reactivity swing over a cycle, and consequently 7 or 8-batch fuel management is usually assumed for a high fuel burnup. The validity of the equilibrium analysis method for the ATW core, therefore, needed to be verified. The main objective of this paper is to assess the validity of the equilibrium analysis method for a Na-cooled ATW core[4], which is an alternative core design of the ATW system under development.

Kim, Y.; Hill, R. N.; Taiwo, T. A.

2002-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

38

Unruh Effect under Non-equilibrium conditions: Oscillatory motion of an Unruh-DeWitt detector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Unruh effect refers to the thermal fluctuations a detector experiences while undergoing linear motion with uniform acceleration in a Minkowski vacuum. This thermality can be demonstrated by tracing the vacuum state of the field over the modes beyond the accelerated detector's event horizon. However, the event horizon is well-defined only if the detector moves with eternal uniform linear acceleration. This idealized condition cannot be fulfilled in realistic situations when the motion unavoidably involves periods of non-uniform acceleration. Many experimental proposals to test the Unruh effect are of this nature. Often circular or oscillatory motion, which lacks an obvious geometric description, is considered in such proposals. The proper perspective for theoretically going beyond, or experimentally testing, the Unruh-Hawking effect in these more general conditions has to be offered by concepts and techniques in non-equilibrium quantum field theory. In this paper we provide a detailed analysis of how an Unruh-DeWitt detector undergoing oscillatory motion responds to the fluctuations of a quantum field. Numerical results for the late-time temperatures of the oscillating detector are presented. We comment on the digressions of these results from what one would obtain from a naive application of Unruh's result.

Jason Doukas; Shih-Yuin Lin; B. L. Hu; Robert B. Mann

2013-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

39

Radiation-induced non-equilibrium redox chemistry of plutonium: implications for environmental migration  

SciTech Connect

Static concentrations of plutonium oxidation states in solution and at surfaces in oxide-water systems are identified as non-equilibrium steady states. These kinetically controlled systems are described by redox cycles based on irreversible disproportionation of Pu(IV), Pu(V), and Pu(VI) in OH-bridged intermediate complexes and at OH-covered oxide surfaces. Steady state is fixed by continuous redox cycles driven by radioactivity-promoted electron-transfer and energetically favorable reactions of Pu(III) and Pu(VII) disproportionation products with H2O. A model based on the redox cycles accounts for the high steady-state [Pu] coexisting with Pu(IV) hydrous oxide at pH 0-15 and for predominance of Pu(V) and Pu(VI) in solution. The steady-state [Pu] depends on pH and the surface area of oxide in solution, but not on the initial Pu oxidation state. PuO{sub 2+x} formation is attributed to high Pu(V) concentrations existing at water-exposed oxide surfaces. Results infer that migration of Pu in an aqueous environment is controlled by kinetic factors unique to that site and that the predominant oxidation states in solution are Pu(V) and Pu(VI).

Haschke, J M; Siekhaus, W J

2009-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

40

Informatics in International Nanotechnology Standards  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... “Bottom-up”, not “top-down”” strategy ... Nanotechnology for Solar Energy Collection ... Federal agency agency detailees detailees and contractors

2010-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotechnology gc5 non-equilibrium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

CNST Nanotechnology Seminar Series - 2008  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... "POWERING" THE FUTURE WITH NANOTECHNOLOGY Pradeep ... in the synthesis of next generation, bio-inspired ... the functional power of biological ...

2013-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

42

Life Cycle Impacts of Nanotechnology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Motivation. • Nanotechnologies introduced daily. • Many have health or environmental benefits (but also risks). • EPA has suggested it plans to regulate.

43

Approaches to Safe Nanotechnology  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Approaches to Safe Approaches to Safe Nanotechnology Managing the Health and Safety Concerns Associated with Engineered Nanomaterials DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Photo Credits: Nanotrees, Ghim Wei Ho and Professor Mark Welland, Nanostructure Center, University of Cambridge Managing the Health and Safety Concerns Associated with Engineered Nanomaterials DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Approaches to Safe Nanotechnology ii Approaches to Safe Nanotechnology This document is in the public domain and may be freely copied or reprinted. Disclaimer Mention of any company or product does not constitute endorsement by the National In-

44

A path integral formalism for non-equilibrium Hamiltonian statistical systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a near equilibrium statistical system the Onsager-Machlup path integral has a long and useful history. The situation far from equilibrium has remained less clear. In this contribution a new general formulation for path integrals is proposed based on mixtures of an appropriate family of quasi-equilibrium probability densities. The path integral introduced here uses a generalized Boltzmann principle to associate path likelihoods with a multiple of the information loss of a particular path with respect to Liouvillean evolution. The loss at a particular time is given by a Lagrangian function of the thermodynamical variables and their time derivatives. An important implication of the present formulation is that future thermodynamical evolution depends not just on the instantaneous thermodynamic variables but also on the particular mixture of quasi-equilibrium distributions present. This behaviour has been previously seen in direct numerical simulations of turbulent dynamical systems and is also a fundamental property of Wiener path integrals. The Lagrangian derived is formally identical to that used in quantum mechanics to describe a particle moving non-relativistically in a particular vector and scalar electromagnetic field and also within a manifold with a metric tensor equal to the Fisher information matrix of the exponential family manifold. It is shown that a simple transformation due to Roncadelli enables the derived Lagrangian to be recast into standard Onsager-Machlup form. This transformation thus enables a derivation of the thermodynamical trajectory which is the most likely path. Also revealed is a decomposition of the thermodynamical trajectory into a reversible and irreversible piece which takes the form of the non-equilibrium thermodynamical equations recently proposed by \\"Ottinger.

Richard Kleeman

2013-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

45

Incremental Nanotechnology for Structural Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Incremental Nanotechnology for Structural Materials. Author(s) , Enrique J. Lavernia. On-Site Speaker (Planned), Enrique J. Lavernia. Abstract ...

46

Navillum Nanotechnologies | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

University of Utah Navillum Nanotechnologies' innovative method for fabricating quantum dots and other types of semiconducting nanocrystals at commercial scale that can both...

47

PNNL: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology - Workshops Archive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sustainable Nanotechnology Organization (SNO) November 4-6, 2012, Washington DC. IEEE NANO - 12th International Conference on Nanotechnology August 20-23, 2012, Birmingham, UK...

48

Contribution from the interaction Hamiltonian to the expectation value of particle number with the non-equilibrium quantum field theory  

SciTech Connect

We develop the method analyzing particle number non-conserving phenomena with non-equilibrium quantum field-theory. In this study, we consider a CP violating model with interaction Hamiltonian that breaks particle number conservation. To derive the quantum Boltzmann equation for the particle number, we solve Schwinger-Dyson equation, which are obtained from two particle irreducible closed-time-path (2PI CTP) effective action. In this calculation, we show the contribution from interaction Hamiltonian to the time evolution of expectation value of particle number.

Hotta, Ryuuichi; Morozumi, Takuya; Takata, Hiroyuki [Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8526 (Japan); Tomsk state Pedagogical University Tomsk 634041 (Russian Federation)

2012-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

49

Experimental Analysis of the Effect of Vibrational Non-Equilibrium on the Decay of Grid-Generated Turbulence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The technical feasibility of hypersonic flight (i.e., re-entry, hypersonic flight vehicles, cruise missiles, etc.) hinges on our ability to understand, predict, and control the transport of turbulence in the presence of non-equilibrium effects. A theoretical analysis of the governing equations suggests a mechanism by which fluctuations in internal energy are coupled to the transport of turbulence. Numerical studies of these flows have been conducted, but limited computational power results in reduced fidelity. Experimental studies are exceedingly rare and, consequently, experimental data available to build and evaluate turbulence models is nearly non-existent. The Decaying Mesh Turbulence (DMT) facility was designed and constructed to generate a fundamental decaying mesh turbulent flow field with passive grids. Vibrational non-equilibrium was achieved via a capacitively-coupled radio-frequency (RF) plasma discharge which required an operating pressure of 30 Torr. The flow velocity was 30 m/s. Data was recorded with each grid at multiple plasma powers (Off, 150 W, and 300 W). Over two terabytes of highly resolved (3,450 image pairs) two-dimensional particle image velocimetry (PIV) was acquired and archived. Temperature measurements were carried out using coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS). The primary objective of this study was to answer the fundamental scientific question: "Does thermal non-equilibrium alter the decay rate of turbulence?" The results of this study show that the answer is "Yes." The results demonstrate a clear coupling between thermal non-equilibrium and turbulence transport. The trends observed agree with those expected based on an analysis of the Reynolds stress transport equations, which provides confidence in transport equation-based modeling. A non-trivial reduction (~30%) in the decay rate downstream of the 300 W plasma discharge was observed. The data also show that the decay of TKE downstream of the plasma discharge was delayed (~20% downstream shift). In addition, the thermal non-equilbrium was observed to have no effect on the transverse stress. This suggests that, for this flow, the energy dilatation terms are small and unaffected by the plasma discharge, which simplifies modeling.

Fuller, T. J.

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Quantum Physics and Nanotechnology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Experimental studies of infinite (unrestricted at least in one direction) quantum particle motion using probe nanotechnologies have revealed the necessity of revising previous concepts of their motion. Particularly, quantum particles transfer quantum motion nonlocality energy beside classical kinetic energy, in other words, they are in two different kinds of motion simultaneously. The quantum component of the motion energy may be quite considerable under certain circumstances. Some new effects were predicted and proved experimentally in terms of this phenomenon. A new prototype refrigerating device was tested, its principle of operation being based on the effect of transferring the quantum component of the motion energy.

Vladimir K. Nevolin

2011-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

51

Nanotechnology for Energy, Healthcare and Industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Symposium. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2011. Symposium, Nanotechnology for Energy, Healthcare and Industry. Sponsorship.

52

Nanotechnology? for Sustainable Water and Energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nanotechnology for Sustainable Water and Energy. Summary: Objective. We synthesize and characterize catalytic nanoparticles ...

2013-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

53

Argonne TDC: Nanotechnology Available for Licensing  

Emergency Response. Engineering. Environmental Research. Fuel Cells. Imaging Technology. Material Science. Nanotechnology. Physical Sciences. Sensor ...

54

Navillum Nanotechnologies | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Navillum Nanotechnologies Navillum Nanotechnologies National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition Navillum Nanotechnologies University of Utah Navillum Nanotechnologies' innovative method for fabricating quantum dots and other types of semiconducting nanocrystals at commercial scale that can both save energy and produce renewable energy. Quantum dots emit light at specific colors when stimulated by light or applied electrical source. Semiconducting nanocrystals can make solar panels up to 45 percent more efficient, which is more than a two-fold increase over existing commercial solar technologies. When used in LCD displays, quantum dots can increase energy efficiency by up to 35 percent over existing display technologies and improve color quality by 50 percent. Adoption of quantum dot-based

55

Navillum Nanotechnologies | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Navillum Nanotechnologies Navillum Nanotechnologies National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition Navillum Nanotechnologies University of Utah Navillum Nanotechnologies' innovative method for fabricating quantum dots and other types of semiconducting nanocrystals at commercial scale that can both save energy and produce renewable energy. Quantum dots emit light at specific colors when stimulated by light or applied electrical source. Semiconducting nanocrystals can make solar panels up to 45 percent more efficient, which is more than a two-fold increase over existing commercial solar technologies. When used in LCD displays, quantum dots can increase energy efficiency by up to 35 percent over existing display technologies and improve color quality by 50 percent. Adoption of quantum dot-based

56

Lipids in NanotechnologyChapter 7 Applications of Nanotechnology in Pharmaceutical Development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lipids in Nanotechnology Chapter 7 Applications of Nanotechnology in Pharmaceutical Development Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Processing 6

57

Mott-Insulator to Liquid Transition and Population Trapping in Ultracold Fermi Gases by Non-Equilibrium Modulation of the Optical Lattice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An ultracold gas of interacting fermionic atoms in a three dimensional optical lattice is considered, where the lattice potential strength is periodically modulated. This non-equilibrium system is nonperturbatively described by means of a Keldysh-Floquet-Green's function approach employing a generalized dynamical mean field theory (DMFT). Strong repulsive interactions between different atoms lead to a Mott-Insulator state for the equilibrium system, but the additional external driving yields a non-equilibrium density of Floquet-states and a transition to a liquid or conducting state.

Regine Frank

2011-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

58

Plenary lecture 4: nanotechnology in Mexico  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mexican Research groups are dealing with theoretical and applied problems in Nanotechnology. And nanoproducts are being distributed along the country as well as nanotechnology patents are being registered and used in Mexican companies. Computational ...

Armando Barranon

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

11th International Conference on Nanotechnology - IEEE ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

11th International Conference on Nanotechnology - IEEE Nano 2011 Conference. ... IEEE Nano 2011 Conference - August 15-20, 2011. Purpose: ...

2011-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

60

Nanotechnology for Energy, Environment, Electronics & Industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Nanotechnology for Energy, Environment, Electronics & Industry ... Electrochemical Optimization of TiO2 Nanotubular Structure Formation and ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotechnology gc5 non-equilibrium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Non-equilibrium of Ionization and the Detection of Hot Plasma in Nanoflare-heated Coronal Loops  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Impulsive nanoflares are expected to transiently heat the plasma confined in coronal loops to temperatures of the order of 10 MK. Such hot plasma is hardly detected in quiet and active regions, outside flares. During rapid and short heat pulses in rarified loops the plasma can be highly out of equilibrium of ionization. Here we investigate the effects of the non-equilibrium of ionization (NEI) on the detection of hot plasma in coronal loops. Time-dependent loop hydrodynamic simulations are specifically devoted to this task, including saturated thermal conduction, and coupled to the detailed solution of the equations of ionization rate for several abundant elements. In our simulations, initially cool and rarified magnetic flux tubes are heated to 10 MK by nanoflares deposited either at the footpoints or at the loop apex. We test for different pulse durations, and find that, due to NEI effects, the loop plasma may never be detected at temperatures above ~5 MK for heat pulses shorter than about 1 min. We discuss some implications in the framework of multi-stranded nanoflare-heated coronal loops.

Fabio Reale; Salvatore Orlando

2008-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

62

Transfer coefficients for the Gibbs surface in a two-phase mixture in the non-equilibrium square gradient model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we calculate the transfer coefficients for evaporation and condensation of mixtures. We use the continuous profiles of various thermodynamic quantities through the interface, obtained in our previous works using the square gradient model. Furthermore we introduce the Gibbs surface and obtain the excess entropy production for a surface. Following the traditional non-equilibrium thermodynamic approach we introduce the surface transfer coefficients which we are able to determine from the continuous solution. The knowledge of these coefficients is important for many industrial applications which involve transport through a surface, such as for instance distillation. In our approach the values of the local resistivities in the liquid and the vapor phases are chosen on the basis of experimental values. In the interfacial region there are small peaks in these resistivities. Three amplitudes control the magnitude of these peaks. Possible values of these amplitudes are found by matching the diagonal transfer coefficients to values predicted by kinetic theory. Using these amplitudes we find that the value of the cross resistivities is 1-2 orders of magnitude higher then the one from kinetic theory. The results of both kinetic theory and molecular dynamics simulations support the existence of small peaks in the local resistivities in the interfacial region. The square gradient approach gives an independent way to determine the transfer coefficients for surfaces. The results indicate that kinetic theory underestimates the interfacial transfer coefficients in real fluids.

K. S. Glavatskiy; D. Bedeaux

2009-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

63

Transport coefficients of n-butane into and through the surface of silicalite-1 from non-equilibrium molecular dynamics study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transport coefficients of n-butane into and through the surface of silicalite-1 from non dynamics Non-equilibrium thermodynamics Silicalite-1 n-Butane adsorption a b s t r a c t We have studied coupled heat and mass transfer of n-butane through a membrane of silicalite-1. A description

Kjelstrup, Signe

64

Navillum Nanotechnologies | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Science & Innovation » Innovation » Commercialization » National Science & Innovation » Innovation » Commercialization » National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition » Navillum Nanotechnologies National Clean Energy Business Plan Competition Navillum Nanotechnologies University of Utah Navillum Nanotechnologies' innovative method for fabricating quantum dots and other types of semiconducting nanocrystals at commercial scale that can both save energy and produce renewable energy. Quantum dots emit light at specific colors when stimulated by light or applied electrical source. Semiconducting nanocrystals can make solar panels up to 45 percent more efficient, which is more than a two-fold increase over existing commercial solar technologies. When used in LCD displays, quantum dots can increase energy efficiency by up to 35 percent over existing display technologies

65

Nanotechnology-based solutions for oil spills  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

acknowledged to be among the worst ocean oil spills in world history. Inevitably, the spill has once againNanotechnology-based solutions for oil spills :: Texas Tech News http://today.ttu.edu/2011/02/nanotechnology-based-solutions-for-oil-spills/[2/23/2011 8:58:19 AM] February 22, 2011 nanowerk - Nanotechnology

Rock, Chris

66

THE ABUNDANCE OF MOLECULAR HYDROGEN AND ITS CORRELATION WITH MIDPLANE PRESSURE IN GALAXIES: NON-EQUILIBRIUM, TURBULENT, CHEMICAL MODELS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations of spiral galaxies show a strong linear correlation between the ratio of molecular to atomic hydrogen surface density R{sub mol} and midplane pressure. To explain this, we simulate three-dimensional, magnetized turbulence, including simplified treatments of non-equilibrium chemistry and the propagation of dissociating radiation, to follow the formation of H{sub 2} from cold atomic gas. The formation timescale for H{sub 2} is sufficiently long that equilibrium is not reached within the 20-30 Myr lifetimes of molecular clouds. The equilibrium balance between radiative dissociation and H{sub 2} formation on dust grains fails to predict the time-dependent molecular fractions we find. A simple, time-dependent model of H{sub 2} formation can reproduce the gross behavior, although turbulent density perturbations increase molecular fractions by a factor of few above it. In contradiction to equilibrium models, radiative dissociation of molecules plays little role in our model for diffuse radiation fields with strengths less than 10 times that of the solar neighborhood, because of the effective self-shielding of H{sub 2}. The observed correlation of R{sub mol} with pressure corresponds to a correlation with local gas density if the effective temperature in the cold neutral medium of galactic disks is roughly constant. We indeed find such a correlation of R{sub mol} with density. If we examine the value of R{sub mol} in our local models after a free-fall time at their average density, as expected for models of molecular cloud formation by large-scale gravitational instability, our models reproduce the observed correlation over more than an order-of-magnitude range in density.

Mac Low, Mordecai-Mark [Department of Astrophysics, American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West at 79th Street, New York, NY 10024 (United States); Glover, Simon C. O., E-mail: mordecai@amnh.org, E-mail: glover@uni-heidelberg.de [Zentrum der Astrophysik der Universitaet Heidelberg, Institut fuer Theoretische Astrophysik, Albert-Ueberle-Strasse 2, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany)

2012-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

67

THE DIAGNOSTIC O VI ABSORPTION LINE IN DIFFUSE PLASMAS: COMPARISON OF NON-EQUILIBRIUM IONIZATION STRUCTURE SIMULATIONS TO FUSE DATA  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The nature of the interstellar O VI in the Galactic disk is studied by means of a multi-fluid hydrodynamical approximation, tracing the detailed time-dependent evolution of the ionization structure of the plasma. Our focus is to explore the signature of any non-equilibrium ionization condition present in the interstellar medium using the diagnostic O VI ion. A detailed comparison between the simulations and FUSE data is carried out by taking lines of sight (LOS) measurements through the simulated Galactic disk, covering an extent of 4 kpc from different vantage points. The simulation results bear a striking resemblance with the observations: (1) the N(O VI) distribution with distance and angle fall within the minimum and maximum values of the FUSE data; (2) the column density dispersion with distance is constant for all the LOS, showing a mild decrease at large distances; (3) O VI has a clumpy distribution along the LOS; and (4) the time-averaged midplane density for distances >400 pc has a value of (1.3-1.4) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -8} cm{sup -3}. The highest concentration of O VI by mass occurs in the thermally stable (10{sup 3.9} K < T {<=} 10{sup 4.2} K; 20%) and unstable (10{sup 4.2} K < T < 10{sup 5} K; 50%) regimes, both well below its peak temperature in collisional ionization equilibrium, with the corresponding volume filling factors oscillating with time between 8%-20% and 4%-5%, respectively. These results may also be relevant for intergalactic metal absorption systems at high redshifts.

De Avillez, Miguel A. [Department of Mathematics, University of Evora, R. Romao Ramalho 59, 7000 Evora (Portugal); Breitschwerdt, Dieter [Zentrum fuer Astronomie und Astrophysik, Technische Universitaet Berlin, Hardenbergstrasse 36, D-10623 Berlin (Germany)

2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

68

Potential and flux decomposition for dynamical systems and non-equilibrium thermodynamics: Curvature, gauge field, and generalized fluctuation-dissipation theorem  

SciTech Connect

The driving force of the dynamical system can be decomposed into the gradient of a potential landscape and curl flux (current). The fluctuation-dissipation theorem (FDT) is often applied to near equilibrium systems with detailed balance. The response due to a small perturbation can be expressed by a spontaneous fluctuation. For non-equilibrium systems, we derived a generalized FDT that the response function is composed of two parts: (1) a spontaneous correlation representing the relaxation which is present in the near equilibrium systems with detailed balance and (2) a correlation related to the persistence of the curl flux in steady state, which is also in part linked to a internal curvature of a gauge field. The generalized FDT is also related to the fluctuation theorem. In the equal time limit, the generalized FDT naturally leads to non-equilibrium thermodynamics where the entropy production rate can be decomposed into spontaneous relaxation driven by gradient force and house keeping contribution driven by the non-zero flux that sustains the non-equilibrium environment and breaks the detailed balance. On any particular path, the medium heat dissipation due to the non-zero curl flux is analogous to the Wilson lines of an Abelian gauge theory.

Feng Haidong [Department of Chemistry, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, New York 11794 (United States); Wang Jin [Department of Chemistry, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, New York 11794 (United States); Department of Physics and Astronomy, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, New York 11794 (United States) and Department of Applied Mathematics, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, New York 11794 (United States)

2011-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

69

Lipids in NanotechnologyChapter 1 Nanotechnology: Emerging Interest, Opportunities, and Challenges  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lipids in Nanotechnology Chapter 1 Nanotechnology: Emerging Interest, Opportunities, and Challenges Food Science Health Nutrition Processing eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Processing 67B35EFEC17

70

National Needs Drivers for Nanotechnology  

SciTech Connect

Societal needs related to demographics, resources, and human behavior will drive technological advances over the next 20 years. Nanotechnology is anticipated to be an important enabler of these advances, and thus maybe anticipated to have significant influence on new systems approaches to solving societal problems as well as on extending current science and technology-based applications. To examine the potential implications of nanotechnology a societal needs-driven approach is taken. Thus the methodology is to present the definition of the problem, and then examine system concepts, technology issues, and promising future directions. We approach the problem definition from a national and global security perspective and identify three key areas involving the condition of the planet, the human condition, and global security. In anticipating societal issues in the context of revolutionary technologies, such as maybe enabled by nanoscience, the importance of working on the entire life cycle of any technological solution is stressed.

Yonas, G.; Picraux, S.T.

2000-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

71

Program on Technology Innovation: EPRI Nanotechnology Workshop  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report contains the proceedings of the EPRI Nanotechnology Workshop held December 1415, 2005, in Charlotte, North Carolina. The workshop provided a forum for the discussion of ongoing EPRI and electric power industry research involving nanotechnology, possible applications from academia research, and future research and development (R&D) needs. Additionally, the role of EPRI in developing and implementing nanotechnology was discussed in several key application areas.

2006-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

72

Nanotechnology for Energy, Healthcare and Industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The benefits can range from higher system properties and energy efficiency to ... and devices (4) nanotechnologies for energy storage and energy harvesting (5) ...

73

Boron Nanotechnology-driven Cancer Therapy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Boron Nanotechnology-driven Cancer Therapy ... Current research focuses on both the design and synthesis of high boron containing ...

74

SCIENCE ON SATURDAY- "Light and Nanotechnology- Engineering ...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2, 2013, 9:30am Science On Saturday MBG Auditorium SCIENCE ON SATURDAY- "Light and Nanotechnology- Engineering & So Much More" Professor Claire Gmachl Department of Electrical...

75

Altair Nanotechnologies Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

of proprietary technology for making nanocrystalline materials. Applications include batteryfuel cell development. References Altair Nanotechnologies Inc1 LinkedIn Connections...

76

Nanotechnology: Small Materials Making a Big Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nanotechnology: Small Materials Making a Big Impact Nanotechnology: Small Materials Making a Big Impact Nanotechnology: Small Materials Making a Big Impact December 14, 2010 - 12:35pm Addthis John Schueler John Schueler Former New Media Specialist, Office of Public Affairs This past Thursday, Secretary Chu delivered remarks to the Nanotechnology Innovation Summit in National Harbor, Maryland on how breakthroughs in nanotechnology are poised to transform the energy landscape. According to the National Nanotechnology Initiative, "Nanotechnology is the understanding and control of matter at dimensions between approximately 1 and 100 nanometers, where unique phenomena enable novel applications. Encompassing nanoscale science, engineering, and technology, nanotechnology involves imaging, measuring, modeling, and manipulating matter at this

77

Nanotechnology: Small Materials Making a Big Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nanotechnology: Small Materials Making a Big Impact Nanotechnology: Small Materials Making a Big Impact Nanotechnology: Small Materials Making a Big Impact December 14, 2010 - 12:35pm Addthis John Schueler John Schueler Former New Media Specialist, Office of Public Affairs This past Thursday, Secretary Chu delivered remarks to the Nanotechnology Innovation Summit in National Harbor, Maryland on how breakthroughs in nanotechnology are poised to transform the energy landscape. According to the National Nanotechnology Initiative, "Nanotechnology is the understanding and control of matter at dimensions between approximately 1 and 100 nanometers, where unique phenomena enable novel applications. Encompassing nanoscale science, engineering, and technology, nanotechnology involves imaging, measuring, modeling, and manipulating matter at this

78

Nanotechnology and algae biofuels exhibits open July 26 at the...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nanotechnology and algae biofuels exhibits open July 26 Nanotechnology and algae biofuels exhibits open July 26 at the Bradbury Science Museum The Bradbury Science Museum is...

79

Intro to NanoMfg and NanoTechnology - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Introduction to Nanomanufacturing and Nanotechnology. Sponsored by: TMS Materials Processing & Manufacturing Division Date and Time: Sunday, ...

80

Modelling transient heat conduction in solids at multiple length and time scales: A coupled non-equilibrium molecular dynamics/continuum approach  

SciTech Connect

A method for controlling the thermal boundary conditions of non-equilibrium molecular dynamics simulations is presented. The method is simple to implement into a conventional molecular dynamics code and independent of the atomistic model employed. It works by regulating the temperature in a thermostatted boundary region by feedback control to achieve the desired temperature at the edge of an inner region where the true atomistic dynamics are retained. This is necessary to avoid intrinsic boundary effects in non-equilibrium molecular dynamics simulations. Three thermostats are investigated: the global deterministic Nose-Hoover thermostat and two local stochastic thermostats, Langevin and stadium damping. The latter thermostat is introduced to avoid the adverse reflection of phonons that occurs at an abrupt interface. The method is then extended to allow atomistic/continuum models to be thermally coupled concurrently for the analysis of large steady state and transient heat conduction problems. The effectiveness of the algorithm is demonstrated for the example of heat flow down a three-dimensional atomistic rod of uniform cross-section subjected to a variety of boundary conditions.

Jolley, Kenny [Department of Engineering, University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester LE1 7RH (United Kingdom); Gill, Simon P.A. [Department of Engineering, University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester LE1 7RH (United Kingdom)], E-mail: spg3@le.ac.uk

2009-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotechnology gc5 non-equilibrium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Nanotechnology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 19, 2010 ... Water or alcohol dispersible magnetic nanoparticles allowed new ..... was well designed with the wall of mullite and the aided heaters of SiC heater. .... for Solar Driven Water Splitting to Produce Hydrogen: Sudhakar Shet1; ...

82

Nanotechnology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Title, Author, Publisher, Product Type, In Stock, Date Published. Add to Cart, Image, Click on Title to view details, Member (Student) Price, Non-member Price.

83

Arithmetic Design on Quantum-Dot Cellular Automata Nanotechnology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Quantum-dot cellular automata nanotechnology promises molecular digital circuits with ultra-high clock frequencies, to replace the traditional approaches reaching their physical limits. Although large scale utilization requires still several breakthroughs, ... Keywords: Nanotechnology, arithmetic, digital design

Ismo Hänninen; Jarmo Takala

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Nanotechnology-based therapies for skin wound regeneration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The cutting-edge combination of nanotechnology with medicine offers the unprecedented opportunity to create materials and devices at a nanoscale level, holding the potential to revolutionize currently available macroscale therapeutics. Nanotechnology ...

Ilaria Tocco; Barbara Zavan; Franco Bassetto; Vincenzo Vindigni

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Potential Role of Nanotechnologies in Advanced Nuclear Energy ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Office of Fuel Cycle Technologies. Office of Nuclear Energy. February 28, 2012. Nanotechnology Workshop. Rice University, Houston, Texas ...

86

Nanotechnology for Energy, Environment, Electronics & Industry II  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nanomaterials with Enhanced Properties for Energy and Environmental Applications: ... often fail to provide adequate information at economically acceptable costs. ... Also, the effect of dopants on NOx emissions during thermal analysis of ... that nanotechnology-based consumer products are currently entering the market at ...

87

Control Banding and Nanotechnology Synergist  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The average Industrial Hygienist (IH) loves a challenge, right? Okay, well here is one with more than a few twists. We start by going through the basics of a risk assessment. You have some chemical agents, a few workers, and the makings of your basic exposure characterization. However, you have no occupational exposure limit (OEL), essentially no toxicological basis, and no epidemiology. Now the real handicap is that you cannot use sampling pumps, cassettes, tubes, or any of the media in your toolbox, and the whole concept of mass-to-dose is out the window, even at high exposure levels. Of course, by the title, you knew we were talking about nanomaterials (NM). However, we wonder how many IHs know that this topic takes everything you know about your profession and turns it upside down. It takes the very foundations that you worked so hard in college and in the field to master and pulls it out from underneath you. It even takes the gold standard of our profession, the quantitative science of exposure assessment, and makes it look pretty darn rusty. Now with NM there is the potential to get some aspect of quantitative measurements, but the instruments are generally very expensive and getting an appropriate workplace personal exposure measurement can be very difficult if not impossible. The potential for workers getting exposures, however, is very real, as evidenced by a recent publication reporting worker exposures to polyacrylate nanoparticles in a Chinese factory (Song et al. 2009). With something this complex and challenging, how does a concept as simple as Control Banding (CB) save the day? Although many IHs have heard of CB, most of their knowledge comes from its application in the COSHH Essentials toolkit. While there is conflicting published research on COSHH Essentials and its value for risk assessments, almost all of the experts agree that it can be useful when no OELs are available (Zalk and Nelson 2008). It is this aspect of CB, its utility with uncertainty, that attracted international NM experts to recommend this qualitative risk assessment approach for NM. However, since their CB recommendation was only in theory, we took on the challenge of developing a working toolkit, the CB Nanotool (see Zalk et al. 2009 and Paik et al. 2008), as a means to perform a risk assessment and protect researchers at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. While it's been acknowledged that engineered NM have potentially endless benefits for society, it became clear to us that the very properties that make nanotechnology so useful to industry could also make them dangerous to humans and the environment. Among the uncertainties and unknowns with NM are: the contribution of their physical structure to their toxicity, significant differences in their deposition and clearance in the lungs when compared to their parent material (PM), a lack of agreement on the appropriate indices for exposure to NM, and very little background information on exposure scenarios or populations at risk. Part of this lack of background information can be traced to the lack of risk assessments historically performed in the industry, with a recent survey indicating that 65% of companies working with NM are not doing any kind of NM-specific risk assessment as they focus on traditional PM methods for IH (Helland et al. 2009). The good news is that the amount of peer-reviewed publications that address environmental, health and safety aspects of NM has been increasing over the last few years; however, the percentage of these that address practical methods to reduce exposure and protect workers is orders of magnitude lower. Our intent in developing the CB Nanotool was to create a simplified approach that would protect workers while unraveling the mysteries of NM for experts and non-experts alike. Since such a large part of the toxicological effects of both the physical and chemical properties of NM were unknown, not to mention changing logarithmically as new NM research continues growing, we needed to account for this lack of information as part of the CB Nano

Zalk, D; Paik, S

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

88

December 3, 2003: Bush signs Nanotechnology R&D Act | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3, 2003: Bush signs Nanotechnology R&D Act December 3, 2003: Bush signs Nanotechnology R&D Act December 3, 2003: Bush signs Nanotechnology R&D Act December 3, 2003 Secretary...

89

About Us Nanotechnology News Columns Products Directories Career Center My Account Google Search  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

About Us Nanotechnology News Columns Products Directories Career Center My Account Google Search. Bookmark: The latest news from around the world, FREE Subscribe Ads by Google Teleportation Nanotechnology.fluigent.com Ads by Google Nanotechnology Now - Press Release

Leigh, David A.

90

Opening Remarks at the NIST Nanotechnology Open House  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Opening Remarks at the NIST Nanotechnology Open House June 20, 2002, Gaithersburg, Md. Thank you, Arden, and good morning to all. ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

91

Prod ucing Results in NanotechnologyToda - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nanotechnology Initiative: Engine for Innovation and. Competitiveness” by Celia Merzbacher,. Assistant Director for Technology R&D,. Office of Science and.

92

At EMSL, nanoscience and nanotechnology play a critical, crosscutting...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EMSL, nanoscience and nanotechnology play a critical, crosscutting role in our mission to integrate experimental and computational resources for innovations that support the U.S....

93

Nanotechnology and its Relationship to Interventional Radiology. Part I: Imaging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nanotechnology refers to the design, creation, and manipulation of structures on the nanometer scale. Interventional radiology stands to benefit greatly from advances in nanotechnology because much of the ongoing research is focused toward novel methods of imaging and delivery of therapy through minimally invasive means. Through the development of new techniques and therapies, nanotechnology has the potential to broaden the horizon of interventional radiology and ensure its continued success. This two-part review is intended to acquaint the interventionalist with the field of nanotechnology, and provide an overview of potential applications, while highlighting advances relevant to interventional radiology. Part I of the article deals with an introduction to some of the basic concepts of nanotechnology and outlines some of the potential imaging applications, concentrating mainly on advances in oncological and vascular imaging.

Power, Sarah; Slattery, Michael M.; Lee, Michael J., E-mail: mlee@rcsi.ie [Beaumont Hospital, Department of Radiology (Ireland)

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

94

Nanotechnology in Li-ion Batteries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This is the second of three talks on nanostructures for li-ion batteries. The talks provide an up-to-date review of the issues and challenges facing Li-ion battery research with special focus on how nanostructures/ nanotechnology are being applied to this field. Novel materials reported as prospective candidates for anode, cathode and electrolyte will be summarized. The expected role of nanostructures in improving the performance of Li-ion batteries and the actual pros and cons of using such structures in this device will be addressed. Electrochemical experiments used to study Li-ion batteries will also be discussed. This includes the introduction to the standard experimental set-up and how experimental data (from charge-discharge experiments, cyclic voltammetry, impedance spectroscopy, etc) are interpreted.

Mukaibo, Hitomi (University of Florida, Martin Research Group)

2010-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

95

Putting Science to Work BUILDING NANOTECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BUILDING BUILDING NANOTECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT THOM MAsON NAMED ORNL DiRECTOR Accompanying Congressman Wamp (at lectern) during the grant announcement are, from left, Oak Ridge City Councilwoman Lou Dunlap; Tom Ballard, ORNL director of Economic Development and Partnerships; and Gerald Boyd, manager, DOE Oak Ridge Office. THOM MAsON NAMED ORNL DiRECTOR T hom Mason has been named ORNL's new direc- tor, effective July 1. The choice was announced in late May by UT-Battelle Board of Governors Chair Carl Kohrt and Vice Chair John Petersen. Mason's most recent role has been associate labora- tory director for Neutron Sciences. As head of the Spallation Neutron Source project, he led a consortium of six DOE labs in the design and construction of the $1.4 billion neutron accelerator. Completed on time,

96

Lipids in NanotechnologyChapter 4 Marine Phospholipid Liposomes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lipids in Nanotechnology Chapter 4 Marine Phospholipid Liposomes Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Processing 80F405815D89D9DCC6F0525A5397E423

97

Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies 2011 Annual Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We are pleased to share with you this 2011 edition of the Annual Report from the Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies (CINT) and the growing excitement we feel around cementing our brand as a leader in integration nanoscience. This can be seen most readily in the momentum we have achieved in our signature Integration Focus Activities (IFAs). These efforts unite our scientists across our four scientific Thrust areas with our users to concentrate research on larger-scale nanoscience integration challenges for specific classes of nanomaterials, systems, and phenomena. All three of our current IFAs (p. 10) now have a full head of steam, and nearly 30% of our current user projects map in some meaningful way to one of these IFAs. As part of our redoubled effort to increase our industrial user base, we are also looking to leverage these IFAs to build a stronger link to and spur recruitment within our industrial user community. We believe that the IFAs are a natural community-building tool with an intrinsic value proposition for industry; an R&D pipeline that can lead to more mature, more commercially well-positioned technologies. Finally, as nanoscience and nanotechnology are maturing, we as a research community are beginning to see our efforts extend in many exciting new directions. Our focus on nanoscience integration positions us very well to capitalize on new opportunities including the emerging Mesoscale Initiative within the DOE Office of Science. Many aspects of mesoscale science are embodied in the integration of nanoscale building blocks. We are equally proud of our continuing strong performance in support of our user program. We have fully transitioned to our new user proposal database providing enhanced convenience and flexibility for proposal submission and review. In our two regular proposal calls this year we received a total of 225 proposals, an increase of 10% over our 2010 performance. Our official count on number of users for the period remains at {approx}350 and continues to reflect full engagement of our scientific staff. We are also seeing a steady increase in our industrial user base, with the number of industrial proposals (including Rapid Access proposals) doubling in 2011. We attribute this in part of our outreach efforts including our focused industrial session in each of our past two annual User Conferences. The Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies (CINT) is a Department of Energy/Office of Science Nanoscale Science Research Center (NSRC) operating as a national user facility devoted to establishing the scientific principles that govern the design, performance, and integration of nanoscale materials. Jointly operated by Los Alamos and Sandia National Laboratories, CINT explores the continuum from scientific discovery to use-inspired research, with a focus on the integration of nanoscale materials and structures to achieve new properties and performance and their incorporation into the micro- and macro worlds. Through its Core Facility at Sandia National Laboratories and its Gateway Facility at Los Alamos National Laboratory, CINT provides open access to tools and expertise needed to explore the continuum from scientific discovery to the integration of nanostructures into the micro- and macro worlds. In its overall operations, CINT strives to achieve the following goals common to all Nanoscale Science Research Centers: (1) Conduct forefront research in nanoscale science; (2) Operate as a user facility for scientific research; (3) Provide user access to the relevant BES-supported expertise and capabilities at the host national laboratory; and (4) Leverage other relevant national laboratory capabilities to enhance scientific opportunities for the nanoscience user community. These additional goals are specific to the unique CINT mission: (5) Establish and lead a scientific community dedicated to solving nanoscale science integration challenges; and (6) Create a single user facility program that combines expertise and facilities at both Los Alamos and Sandia National Laboratories. The CINT user pro

Sanders, Antonya [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

98

"Nanotechnology Enabled Advanced Industrial Heat Transfer Fluids"  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

ABSTRACT Nanotechnology Enabled Advanced industrial Heat Transfer Fluids” Improving the efficiency of Industrial Heat Exchangers offers a great opportunity to improve overall process efficiencies in diverse industries such as pharmaceutical, materials manufacturing and food processing. The higher efficiencies can come in part from improved heat transfer during both cooling and heating of the material being processed. Additionally, there is great interest in enhancing the performance and reducing the weight of heat exchangers used in automotives in order to increase fuel efficiency. The goal of the Phase I program was to develop nanoparticle containing heat transfer fluids (e.g., antifreeze, water, silicone and hydrocarbon-based oils) that are used in transportation and in the chemical industry for heating, cooling and recovering waste heat. Much work has been done to date at investigating the potential use of nanoparticle-enhanced thermal fluids to improve heat transfer in heat exchangers. In most cases the effect in a commercial heat transfer fluid has been marginal at best. In the Phase I work, we demonstrated that the thermal conductivity, and hence heat transfer, of a fluid containing nanoparticles can be dramatically increased when subjected to an external influence. The increase in thermal conductivity was significantly larger than what is predicted by commonly used thermal models for two-phase materials. Additionally, the surface of the nanoparticles was engineered so as to have a minimal influence on the viscosity of the fluid. As a result, a nanoparticle-laden fluid was successfully developed that can lead to enhanced heat transfer in both industrial and automotive heat exchangers

Dr. Ganesh Skandan; Dr. Amit Singhal; Mr. Kenneth Eberts; Mr. Damian Sobrevilla; Prof. Jerry Shan; Stephen Tse; Toby Rossmann

2008-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

99

NIST, NCI Bring Web 2.0 Tools to Nanotechnology Standards ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST, NCI Bring Web 2.0 Tools to Nanotechnology Standards Effort. From NIST Tech Beat: November 12, 2008. ...

2013-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

100

Regional development and interregional collaboration in the growth of nanotechnology research in China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

China is becoming a leading nation in terms of its share of the world's publications in the emerging nanotechnology domain. This paper demonstrates that the international rise of China's position in nanotechnology has been underwritten by the emergence ... Keywords: Bibliometric analysis, China, Nanotechnology, Networks, Regional development

Li Tang; Philip Shapira

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotechnology gc5 non-equilibrium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Program on Technology Innovation: Nanotechnology Opportunities for the Electric Utility Enterprise  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nanotechnology promises to enable critical applications for the electric power industry. This report assesses the possibilities and relative importance of nanotechnology in the areas of photovoltaics, thermoelectrics, structural materials, sensors and networks, fuel cells, and catalysts and begins the discussion of the role that EPRI should play in the development and implementation of nanotechnology applications.

2005-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

102

International Conference on Carbon Nanotechnology: Potential and Challenges (Carbon 10)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

International Conference on Carbon Nanotechnology: Potential and Challenges (Carbon 10) 15 - 17th Since the discovery of the carbon nanotube (CNT) about two decades ago, research related to its of Materials and Process Engineering Kanpur Chapter hosted the `International Conference on Carbon

Srivastava, Kumar Vaibhav

103

Nanoscience to nanotechnology for civil engineering: proof of concepts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Conventional concrete improved by applying nanotechnology aims at developing a novel, smart, eco- and environment- friendly construction material towards the green structure. In today's life, though utilization of cement based materials plays a vital ... Keywords: challenges, chemical reaction, civil application, construction materials, crystalline, metal oxide, nano science, nano technology, natural minerals

B. Bhuvaneshwari; Saptarshi Sasmal; Nagesh R. Iyer

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Potential impacts of nanotechnology on energy transmission applications and needs.  

SciTech Connect

The application of nanotechnologies to energy transmission has the potential to significantly impact both the deployed transmission technologies and the need for additional development. This could be a factor in assessing environmental impacts of right-of-way (ROW) development and use. For example, some nanotechnology applications may produce materials (e.g., cables) that are much stronger per unit volume than existing materials, enabling reduced footprints for construction and maintenance of electricity transmission lines. Other applications, such as more efficient lighting, lighter-weight materials for vehicle construction, and smaller batteries having greater storage capacities may reduce the need for long-distance transport of energy, and possibly reduce the need for extensive future ROW development and many attendant environmental impacts. This report introduces the field of nanotechnology, describes some of the ways in which processes and products developed with or incorporating nanomaterials differ from traditional processes and products, and identifies some examples of how nanotechnology may be used to reduce potential ROW impacts. Potential environmental, safety, and health impacts are also discussed.

Elcock, D.; Environmental Science Division

2007-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

105

3D Modelling of Carbon Allotropes Used in Nanotechnology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Graphene, Carbon nanoribbons, Carbon nanotubes and Fullerene (Buckyball) are allotropes of carbon which are widely used in Nanotechnology research due to their remarkable properties. Electrical and mechanical properties of those allotropes vary with ... Keywords: Graphene, Carbon nanoribbons, Carbon nanotubes, Fullerines, 3D modelling, java3D

M. R. M. Mufthas; C. S. Rupasinghe

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Non-Equilibrium Nanoscale Self-Organization  

SciTech Connect

Self-organized one- and two-dimensional arrays of nanoscale surface features ("ripples" and "dots") sometimes form spontaneously on initially flat surfaces eroded by a directed ion beam in a process called "sputter patterning". Experiments on this sputter patterning process with focused and unfocused ion beams, combined with theoretical advances, have been responsible for a number of scientific advances. Particularly noteworthy are (i) the discovery of propagative, rather than dissipative, behavior under some ion erosion conditions, permitting a pattern to be fabricated at a large length scale and propagated over large distances while maintaining, or even sharpening, the sharpest features; (ii) the first demonstration of guided self-organization of sputter patterns, along with the observation that defect density is minimized when the spacing between boundaries is near an integer times the natural spatial period; and (iii) the discovery of metastability of smooth surfaces, which contradicts the nearly universally accepted linear stability theory that predicts that any surface is linearly unstable to sinusoidal perturbations of some wave vector.

Aziz, Michael J

2006-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

107

Entanglement Production in Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We define and analyse the concept of entanglement production during the evolution of a general quantum mechanical dissipative system. While it is important to minimise entropy production in order to achieve thermodynamical efficiency, maximising the rate of change of entanglement is important in quantum information processing. Quantitative relations are obtained between entropy and entanglement productions, under specific assumptions detailed in the text. We apply these to the processes of dephasing and decay of correlations between two initially entangled qubits. Both the Master equation treatment as well as the higher Hilbert space analysis are presented. Our formalism is very general and contains as special cases many reported individual instance of entanglement dynamics, such as, for example, the recently discovered notion of the sudden death of entanglement.

V. Vedral

2007-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

108

Atomic physics and non-equilibrium plasmas  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Three lectures comprise the report. The lecture, Atomic Structure, is primarily theoretical and covers four topics: (1) Non-relativistic one-electron atom, (2) Relativistic one-electron atom, (3) Non-relativistic many-electron atom, and (4) Relativistic many-electron atom. The lecture, Radiative and Collisional Transitions, considers the problem of transitions between atomic states caused by interactions with radiation or other particles. The lecture, Ionization Balance: Spectral Line Shapes, discusses collisional and radiative transitions when ionization and recombination processes are included. 24 figs., 11 tabs.

Weisheit, J.C.

1986-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

109

DOE Science Showcase - Nanotechnology | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Nanotechnology Nanotechnology Nanotechnology has a vitally important role to play in addressing the nation's energy, climate change and national security challenges. DOE maintains a strong commitment to the initiative, which has served as an effective and valuable way to spotlight needs and target resources in this critical area of science and technology. Courtesy of Los Alamos National Laboratory Courtesy of Los Alamos National Laboratory Nanotechnology Research Results in DOE Databases DOepatents ScienceCinema Energy Citations Database Science.gov WorldWideScience.org Multimedia More information Zoom in on nanoscience, ORNL Review 2012 Nanotechnology 101, National Nanotechnology Initiative Brighter, Smaller Probes to Uncover the Secret Lives of Proteins, BNL Lab Breakthrough: Nanomaterials Discoveries Lead to Possible Cancer

110

Marine Bio-Nanotechnology: High-performance Materials from Sponge Silicatein  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

R/MP-95: 3.1.2004–2.28.2007 Marine Bio-Nanotechnology: High-Institute for Collaborative Bio- technologies at UC Santa

Morse, Daniel E.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Scientometric analysis of papers submitted to the third international nanotechnology forum (Moscow, 2010)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is a brief information and analytical survey of the papers that were submitted to the Third International Nanotechnology Forum that was held in Moscow on November 1---3, 2010. Scientometric data on the participants, their origins by region and research ... Keywords: Nanotechnology Forum, Nobel Prize winners, RUSNANO, education, graphene, nanomaterials, nanoobjects, nanophysics, nanostructure, scientometrics

N. M. Builova; A. I. Osipov

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Scientometric analysis of papers submitted to the second international nanotechnology forum (Moscow, 2009)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is a brief information and analytical survey of the papers submitted to the Second International Nanotechnology Forum held in Moscow in October 2009. Scientometric data on the participants, their origins by regions and research centers, as well ... Keywords: Nanotechnology Forum, ROSNANO, education, nanomaterials nanometrology, nanoobjects, nanophysics, scientometrics

N. M. Builova; A. I. Osipov

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Engaging With the Public? Assessing the Online Presence and Communication Practices of the Nanotechnology Industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article examines whether the nanotechnology industry is engaging in the wider social debate surrounding it, through an analysis of its online communication practices. This is an important topic to study, given the nascent nature of the technology ... Keywords: cybermapping, hyperlink analysis, nanotechnology, online networks, science communication, social risk

Robert Ackland; Rachel Gibson; Wainer Lusoli; Stephen Ward

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Tendencies in scientific output on carbon nanotubes and graphene in global centers of excellence for nanotechnology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A change has been taking place in the world of nanotechnologies since 2009, marking the beginning of a new era of end consumer goods related to these new technologies. In this article, our aim is to know the dominant tendencies observed in scientific ... Keywords: Carbon nanotubes (CNTs), Graphene, Nanotechnology applications, Scientific output

Goio Etxebarria; Mikel Gomez-Uranga; Jon Barrutia

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Marine Bio-Nanotechnology: High-Performance Materials from Sponge Silicatein  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Project Title: Marine Bio-Nanotechnology: High-Performancein extending this work to the bio-inspired, low-temperatureAppointed Visiting Professor of Bio-Nano Electronics, Centre

Morse, Daniel E.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

NANOTECHNOLOGY LAW & BUSINESS MARCH 2007 585 Carbon Nanotube-Based Supercapacitors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NANOTECHNOLOGY LAW & BUSINESS · MARCH 2007 585 Carbon Nanotube-Based Supercapacitors: Technologies-layer capacitors (also known as "supercapacitors" or "ultracapacitors") have tremendous potential as high double layer (ECDL) capacitors (also abbreviated EDLC), commonly called "supercapacitors

Bennett, Gisele

117

Lipids in NanotechnologyChapter 9 Lipid Nanoparticulate Drug Delivery and Nanomedicine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lipids in Nanotechnology Chapter 9 Lipid Nanoparticulate Drug Delivery and Nanomedicine Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Processing 4F7335F5A

118

Lipids in NanotechnologyChapter 6 Self-emulsifying Delivery Systems and Lipid Transport  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lipids in Nanotechnology Chapter 6 Self-emulsifying Delivery Systems and Lipid Transport Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Processing 4F61726C

119

Lipids in NanotechnologyChapter 5 Formulation of Lipid Micro/Nanodispersion Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lipids in Nanotechnology Chapter 5 Formulation of Lipid Micro/Nanodispersion Systems Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Processing 63B1A1606950

120

Lipids in NanotechnologyChapter 3 Milk Phospholipids: A Nanocarrier System for Delivery of Bioactive Compounds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lipids in Nanotechnology Chapter 3 Milk Phospholipids: A Nanocarrier System for Delivery of Bioactive Compounds Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Biochemistr

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotechnology gc5 non-equilibrium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Nano-Sim: A Step Wise Equivalent Conductance based Statistical Simulator for Nanotechnology Circuit Design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New nanotechnology based devices are replacing CMOS devices to overcome CMOS technology's scaling limitations. However, many such devices exhibit non-monotonic I-V characteristics and uncertain properties which lead to the negative differential resistance ...

Bharat Sukhwani; Uday Padmanabhan; Janet M. Wang

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Lipids in NanotechnologyChapter 2 Surface Active Lipids as Encapsulation Agents and Delivery Vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lipids in Nanotechnology Chapter 2 Surface Active Lipids as Encapsulation Agents and Delivery Vehicles Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry Processing eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry Proce

123

Developing nanotechnology for biofuel and plant science applications  

SciTech Connect

This dissertation presents the research on the development of mesoporous silica based nanotechnology for applications in biofuels and plant science. Mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) have been the subject of great interest in the last two decades due to their unique properties of high surface area, tunable pore size and particle morphology. The robust nature of the silica framework is easily functionalized to make the MSNs a promising option for selective separations. Also, the independent channels that form the pores of MSN have been exploited in the use of particles as platforms for molecular delivery. Pore size and organic functionality are varied to identify the ideal adsorbent material for free fatty acids (FFAs). The resulting material is able to sequester FFAs with a high degree of selectivity from a simulated solution and microalgal oil. The recyclability and industrial implications are also explored. A continuation of the previous material, further tuning of MSN pore size was investigated. Particles with a smaller diameter selectively sequester polyunsaturated free fatty acids (PUFAs) over monounsaturated FFAs and saturated FFAs. The experimental results were verified with molecular modeling. Mesoporous silica nanoparticle materials with a pore diameter of 10 nm (MSN-10) were decorated with small gold nanoparticles. The resulting materials were shown to deliver proteins and DNA into plant cells using the biolistic method.

Valenstein, Justin

2012-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

124

TRADITIONAL METALLURGY, NANOTECHNOLOGIES AND STRUCTURAL MATERIALS: A SORBY AWARD LECTURE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Traditional metallurgical processes are among the many ''old fashion'' practices that use nanoparticles to control the behavior of materials. Many of these practices were developed long before microscopy could resolve nanoscale features, yet the practitioners learned to manipulate and control microstructural elements that they could neither see nor identify. Furthermore, these early practitioners used that control to modify microstructures and develop desired material properties. Centuries old colored glass, ancient high strength steels and medieval organ pipes derived many of their desirable features through control of nanoparticles in their microstructures. Henry Sorby was among the first to recognize that the properties of rocks, minerals, metals and organic materials were controlled by microstructure. However, Mr. Sorby was accused of the folly of trying to study mountains with a microscope. Although he could not resolve nanoscale microstructural features, Mr. Sorby's observations revolutionized the study of materials. The importance of nanoscale microstructural elements should be emphasized, however, because the present foundation for structural materials was built by manipulating those features. That foundation currently supports several multibillion dollar industries but is not generally considered when the nanomaterials revolution is discussed. This lecture demonstrates that using nanotechnologies to control the behavior of metallic materials is almost as old as the practice of metallurgy and that many of the emergent nanomaterials technologists are walking along pathways previously paved by traditional metallurgists.

Louthan, M

2007-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

125

In the OSTI Collections: Nanotechnology | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Nanotechnology Nanotechnology Consider how far it is from New York to Los Angeles. Now compare that distance to the length of the "l" in "Angeles". That's roughly how one meter compares to one nanometer. A nanometer-one billionth of a meter-is a very small distance almost any way you look at it. One nanometer is about six times the width of a carbon atom. Distances of tens of nanometers are barely significant in much present-day technology, in which "identical" precision machine parts differ that much or more in size with little discernable effect on how well the machines work. But these tiny distances are becoming significant in the new field of nanotechnology --the study of manipulating matter on an atomic and molecular scale. For some nanotechnical devices, the precise placement of each atom can be

126

Nanotechnology Energizing Our Future | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Presentations » Nanotechnology Energizing Our Future Presentations » Nanotechnology Energizing Our Future Basic Energy Sciences (BES) BES Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of BES Funding Opportunities Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee (BESAC) News & Resources Program Summaries Brochures Reports Accomplishments Presentations BES and Congress Science for Energy Flow Seeing Matter Scale of Things Chart Contact Information Basic Energy Sciences U.S. Department of Energy SC-22/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3081 F: (301) 903-6594 E: sc.bes@science.doe.gov More Information » Presentations Nanotechnology Energizing Our Future Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Click to enlarge photo. Enlarge Photo Eisenhower Executive Office Building

127

Environmental Assessment for the Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies at Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 7 Environmental Assessment for the Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies at Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico D E P A R T M E N T O F E N E R G Y U N I T E D S T A T E S O F A M E R I C A Final Environmental Assessment March 2003 Department of Energy, Sandia Site Office Kirtland Air Force Base, Albuquerque New Mexico Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies Environmental Assessment March 2003 i TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.0 Purpose and Need for Agency Action.......................................................................................1 2.0 No Action and Proposed Action Alternatives............................................................................3 2.1 No Action Alternative .................................................................................................3

128

Collaborating for Knowledge Creation and Application: The Case of Nanotechnology Research Programs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study how collaboration and internal resources drive knowledge creation and application in university research programs. Academic collaboration with fellow university scientists drives knowledge creation, whereas collaboration with industry partners ... Keywords: alliance, application, collaboration, innovation, knowledge, nanotechnology, network, partnering, resource, university research

Dovev Lavie; Israel Drori

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

NANO TOOLS & PRODUCTS IN MICRO & NANOTECHNOLOGY Engineered Carbon Nanotube (CNT) and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MICRO NANO TOOLS & PRODUCTS IN MICRO & NANOTECHNOLOGY Engineered Carbon Nanotube (CNT aligned nanorods, helices, and chevrons. Hybrid Nano-CMOS Chips--Hewlett-Packard Laboratories www coating. The result is a uni- form, durable nano-thin film treatment that delivers quantum physical

130

Nano-Tera.CH: Nano-technologies for Tera-scale Problems Giovanni De Micheli  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nano-Tera.CH: Nano-technologies for Tera-scale Problems Giovanni De Micheli EPF Lausanne 1015, Switzerland ABSTRACT -- The Nano-Tera.CH initiative is a broad engineering program in Switzerland for health is rooted in advances in engineering nano-scale materials and their exploitation in a variety of systems

De Micheli, Giovanni

131

TENTATIVE COURSE OUTLINE PY542: NON-EQUILIBRIUM STATISTICAL PHYSICS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-infinite systems ­Smoluchowski theory of chemical kinetics (e) First Passage in Confined Geometries ­survival) 1) Elementary Kinetic Theory (1.5 lectures) (a) The Maxwell-Boltzmann Distribution (b) Molecular (c) The Detailed Balance Condition and Applications (d) The Ising-Glauber Model ­exact solution

Redner, Sidney

132

Non-equilibrium effects and multiphase flow in porous media.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??We encounter flow in porous media, knowingly or otherwise, on a daily basis; percolation of precipitation into top soil, ground-water supplies obtained from aquifers (ground-water… (more)

Aryana, Saman Afqahi.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Non-equilibrium Lorentz gas on a curved space  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The periodic Lorentz gas with external field and iso-kinetic thermostat is equivalent, by conformal transformation, to a billiard with expanding phase-space and slightly distorted scatterers, for which the trajectories are straight lines. A further time rescaling allows to keep the speed constant in that new geometry. In the hyperbolic regime, the stationary state of this billiard is characterized by a phase-space contraction rate, equal to that of the iso-kinetic Lorentz gas. In contrast to the iso-kinetic Lorentz gas where phase-space contraction occurs in the bulk, the phase-space contraction rate here takes place at the periodic boundaries.

Felipe Barra; Thomas Gilbert

2007-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

134

Facilitated oriented spin models:some non equilibrium results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze the relaxation to equilibrium for kinetically constrained spin models (KCSM) when the initial distribution $\

Nicoletta Cancrini; Fabio Martinelli; Roberto H. Schonmann; Cristina Toninelli

2008-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

135

Focused Ion Beam Fabricated Non-equilibrium Superconducting Devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

high-density SNS junction arrays, dc-SQUIDs, and related devices. A simple model is devised to explain the normal-state resistance and critical current of a junction. The model is based on the geometry of a junction as defined by the FIB instrument... and phonon energy distributions....................... 37 2.6.2. Quasiparticle recombination .............................................................................. 39 2.6.3. Knock-on effects of changes in the energy distribution of quasiparticles...

Moseley, Richard William

136

Equilibrium and non-equilibrium emission of complex fragments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Complex fragment emission (Z{gt}2) has been studied in the reactions of 50, 80, and 100 MeV/u {sup 139}La + {sup 12}C, and 80 MeV/u {sup 139}La + {sup 27}Al, {sup nat}Cu, and {sup 197}Au. Charge, angle, and energy distributions were measured inclusively and in coincidence with other complex fragments, and were used to extract the source rapidities, velocity distributions, and cross sections. The experimental emission velocity distributions, charge loss distributions, and cross sections have been compared with calculations based on statistical compound nucleus decay. The binary signature of the coincidence events and the sharpness of the velocity distributions illustrate the primarily 2-body nature of the {sup 139}La + {sup 12}C reaction mechanism between 50 and 100 MeV/u. The emission velocities, angular distributions, and absolute cross sections of fragments of 20{le}Z{le}35 at 50 MeV/u, 19{le}Z{le}28 at 80 MeV/u, and 17{le}Z{le}21 at 100 MeV/u indicate that these fragments arise solely from the binary decay of compound nuclei formed in incomplete fusion reactions in which the {sup 139}La projectile picks up about one-half of the {sup 12}C target. In the 80 MeV/u {sup 139}La + {sup 27}Al, {sup nat}Cu, and {sup 197}Au reactions, the disappearance of the binary signature in the total charge and velocity distributions suggests and increase in the complex fragment and light charged particle multiplicity with increasing target mass. As in the 80 and 100 MeV/u {sup 139}La + {sup 12}C reactions, the lighter complex fragments exhibit anisotropic angular distributions and cross sections that are too large to be explained exclusively by statistical emission. 143 refs., 67 figs.

Bowman, D.R.

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Symmetries and relaxations in non-equilibrium thermodynamics.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Static thermodynamic susceptibilities obey symmetries that have been known for a very long time. These are the Maxwell relations. Less well-known are the symmetry properties… (more)

DeSimone, Anthony Joseph Jr

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Lipids in NanotechnologyChapter 8 Lipid Nano-vehicles Based on Lyotropic Liquid Crystals as Drug Delivery Vehicles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lipids in Nanotechnology Chapter 8 Lipid Nano-vehicles Based on Lyotropic Liquid Crystals as Drug Delivery Vehicles Food Science Nutrition Biochemistry Processing eChapters Food Science & Technology Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry P

139

Environmental Assessment for the Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies at Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

FINDING OF NO SIGNIFICANT IMPACT FINDING OF NO SIGNIFICANT IMPACT CENTER FOR INTEGRATED NANOTECHNOLOGIES AT SANDIA NATIONAL LABORATORIES/NEW MEXICO The United States Department of Energy (DOE), National Nuclear Security Administration, Sandia Site Office, has prepared an environmental assessment (EA) for the Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies (CINT) at Sandia National Laboratories, New Mexico (SNL/NM). The EA analyzes the potential effects of a proposal to construct and operate a CINT Core Facility and establish a Gateway to Sandia Facility. The CINT Core Facility would be constructed on a 20-acre DOE-owned parcel of land on the west side of Eubank Boulevard, north of the entrance to Kirtland Air Force Base. The Gateway to Sandia Facility would be established in existing space within the existing

140

Nano-Bio-Genesis: Tracing the rise of nanotechnology and nanobiotechnology as 'big science'  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Manufacturing, Department of Engineering Cambridge University, Cambridge CB2 1RX, UK Email: Rajan P Kulkarni* - R.Kulkarni.06@cantab.net * Corresponding author Abstract Nanotechnology research has lately been of intense interest because of its perceived... This article is available from: http://www.j-biomed-discovery.com/content/2/1/3 © 2007 Kulkarni; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http...

Kulkarni, Rajan P

2007-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotechnology gc5 non-equilibrium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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141

Nanotechnology applications to desalination : a report for the joint water reuse & desalination task force.  

SciTech Connect

Nanomaterials and nanotechnology methods have been an integral part of international research over the past decade. Because many traditional water treatment technologies (e.g. membrane filtration, biofouling, scale inhibition, etc.) depend on nanoscale processes, it is reasonable to expect one outcome of nanotechnology research to be better, nano-engineered water treatment approaches. The most immediate, and possibly greatest, impact of nanotechnology on desalination methods will likely be the development of membranes engineered at the near-molecular level. Aquaporin proteins that channel water across cell membranes with very low energy inputs point to the potential for dramatically improved performance. Aquaporin-laced polymer membranes and aquaporin-mimicking carbon nanotubes and metal oxide membranes developed in the lab support this. A critical limitation to widespread use of nanoengineered desalination membranes will be their scalability to industrial fabrication processes. Subsequent, long-term improvements in nanoengineered membranes may result in self-healing membranes that ideally are (1) more resistant to biofouling, (2) have biocidal properties, and/or (3) selectively target trace contaminants.

Brady, Patrick Vane; Mayer, Tom; Cygan, Randall Timothy

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Potential nanotechnology applications for reducing freshwater consumption at coal fired power plants : an early view.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report was funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) Existing Plants Research Program, which has an energy-water research effort that focuses on water use at power plants. This study complements the overall research effort of the Existing Plants Research Program by evaluating water issues that could impact power plants. A growing challenge to the economic production of electricity from coal-fired power plants is the demand for freshwater, particularly in light of the projected trends for increasing demands and decreasing supplies of freshwater. Nanotechnology uses the unique chemical, physical, and biological properties that are associated with materials at the nanoscale to create and use materials, devices, and systems with new functions and properties. It is possible that nanotechnology may open the door to a variety of potentially interesting ways to reduce freshwater consumption at power plants. This report provides an overview of how applications of nanotechnology could potentially help reduce freshwater use at coal-fired power plants. It was developed by (1) identifying areas within a coal-fired power plant's operations where freshwater use occurs and could possibly be reduced, (2) conducting a literature review to identify potential applications of nanotechnology for facilitating such reductions, and (3) collecting additional information on potential applications from researchers and companies to clarify or expand on information obtained from the literature. Opportunities, areas, and processes for reducing freshwater use in coal-fired power plants considered in this report include the use of nontraditional waters in process and cooling water systems, carbon capture alternatives, more efficient processes for removing sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides, coolants that have higher thermal conductivities than water alone, energy storage options, and a variety of plant inefficiencies, which, if improved, would reduce energy use and concomitant water consumption. These inefficiencies include air heater inefficiencies, boiler corrosion, low operating temperatures, fuel inefficiencies, and older components that are subject to strain and failure. A variety of nanotechnology applications that could potentially be used to reduce the amount of freshwater consumed - either directly or indirectly - by these areas and activities was identified. These applications include membranes that use nanotechnology or contain nanomaterials for improved water purification and carbon capture; nano-based coatings and lubricants to insulate and reduce heat loss, inhibit corrosion, and improve fuel efficiency; nano-based catalysts and enzymes that improve fuel efficiency and improve sulfur removal efficiency; nanomaterials that can withstand high temperatures; nanofluids that have better heat transfer characteristics than water; nanosensors that can help identify strain and impact damage, detect and monitor water quality parameters, and measure mercury in flue gas; and batteries and capacitors that use nanotechnology to enable utility-scale storage. Most of these potential applications are in the research stage, and few have been deployed at coal-fired power plants. Moving from research to deployment in today's economic environment will be facilitated with federal support. Additional support for research development and deployment (RD&D) for some subset of these applications could lead to reductions in water consumption and could provide lessons learned that could be applied to future efforts. To take advantage of this situation, it is recommended that NETL pursue funding for further research, development, or deployment for one or more of the potential applications identified in this report.

Elcock, D. (Environmental Science Division)

2010-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

143

Nanotechnology Events  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... ExxonMobil is investing in technologies for improving energy efficiency, increasing energy supplies, and mitigating CO 2 emissions. ...

2010-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

144

Nanotechnology Portal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The flow of polymer composites via injection molding, spraying or spreading ... micrograph of one strand of new spray-on super-nanotube composite ...

2013-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

145

Nanotechnology - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Exploring traditional, innovative, and revolutionary issues in the minerals, metals, and materials fields. OUR LATEST ISSUE · READ JOM ON-LINE ...

146

Nanotechnology News  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... from the mundane, such as superabsorbent diaper liners, to the ... Spray-on Coating Combines Carbon Nanotubes with Ceramic Release Date: 04/17 ...

2010-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

147

Dekker Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 2nd edition, 6 volumes set  

SciTech Connect

PREFACE TO SECOND EDITION The science of the ultra small nanoscience has dramatically exploded during the last few years, and the technologies operating with ultra small things the nanotechnologies acquired quickly a firm position in today s world of business, technological development, and public perception. Several factors contributed to the acceleration of scientific knowledge and technological progress in the last decades, among which the rapid development of fast computers, availability of high-resolution analytical techniques, and the progress of molecular biology and genetics are probably the most important. The result was an unprecedented expansion of the frontiers of science, which empowered the human genius with unlimited options of top-down and bottom-up methods for manipulation of materials structure and control of properties at multiple levels, from atomic to molecular, supramolecular, and biomolecular. Already a distinctive mark of 21st century, nanoscience and nanotechnology will certainly have a steadily increasing influence on the quality of life and the environment of this Planet for centuries to come. Dekker Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Second Edition provides a comprehensive and detailed review, from multiple angles, of major developments in the human s quest for understanding and mastering of physical, chemical and biological objects and structures having at least one dimension smaller than about 100 nm. Under the expert supervision of the late Professor James A. Schwarz, Marcel Dekker, Inc. published the first edition in 2004 to great acclaim. The success of first edition, the development of the title through online updates, and the dynamics of this continuously growing field has created a high demand for a second edition only four years after the first edition. The second edition offers updated and revised entries, along with many additions that reflect the focus towards energy and environmental issues currently in the news. The new edition is expanded to six volumes. All entry titles have been revised to better reflect to the entry's content, while optimized for alphabetical listing. In addition, a comprehensive (though not exhaustive) topical table of contents has been designed, structured on 24 major topics and almost 100 subtopics. With a robust and efficient indexing system and staggered bleed tabs, this second print edition will be a useful reference tool for scientists in academia and national laboratories, engineers, students, as well as entrepreneurs, policy makers, and opinion builders. The online version of the Encyclopedia offers quick access to individual entries in HTML or PDF format, enriched graphical content, hundreds of color illustrations and photographs, and an efficient keyword search engine. Cristian I. Contescu Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA Karol Putyera Shiva Technologies, Syracuse, New York, USA July 2008

Contescu, Cristian I [ORNL] [ORNL; Putyera, Karol [Shiva Technologies, Syracuse NY] [Shiva Technologies, Syracuse NY

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Theory, Simulation and Nanotechnological Applications of Adsorption on a Surface with Defects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Theory of adsorption on a surface with nanolocal defects is proposed. Two efficacy parameters of surface modification for nanotechnological purposes are introduced, where the modification is a creation of nanolocal artificial defects. The first parameter corresponds to applications where it is necessary to increase the concentration of certain particles on the modified surface. And the second one corresponds to the pattern transfer with the help of particle self-organization on the modified surface. The analytical expressions for both parameters are derived with the help of the thermodynamic and the kinetic approaches for two cases: jump diffusion and free motion of adsorbed particles over the surface. The possibility of selective adsorption of molecules is shown with the help of simulation of the adsorption of acetylene and benzene molecules in the pits on the graphite surface. The process of particle adsorption from the surface into the pit is theoretically studied by molecular dynamic technique. Some possi...

Lozovik, Yu E; Lozovik, Yu.E.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Scientometric analysis of publications in the area of nanoenergy based on the materials of the peer-reviewed journal of VINITI RAS Physics of Nanoobjects and Nanotechnology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Based on the analysis of a range of key publications in the area of nanoenergy, which, among other journals, were reflected in the Physics of Nanoobjects and Nanotechnology issue of the peer-reviewed journal that was published by the All-Russia ... Keywords: nanoenergy, nanomaterials, nanoobjects, nanophysics, scientometrics, solar cells

N. M. Builova; A. I. Osipov

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Space Nanotechnology Laboratory M a s s a c h u s e t t s I n s t i t u t e o f T e c h n o l o g ySNLSNL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hotel Cambridge, Massachusetts Oct. 23, 2003 #12;Space Nanotechnology Laboratory M a s s a c h u s e problem: ! Eliminate laser interferometer. ! Adopt optical encoders utilizing nano-accurate gratings

151

Search for the Neutrino Magnetic Moment in the Non-Equilibrium Reactor Antineutrino Energy Spectrum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the time evolution of the typical nuclear reactor antineutrino energy spectrum during reactor ON period and the decay of the residual antineutrino spectrum after reactor is stopped. We find that relevant variations of the soft recoil electron spectra produced via weak and magnetic ${\\widetilde {\

V. I. Kopeikin; L. A. Mikaelyan; V. V. Sinev

1999-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

152

Non-equilibrium fluctuations and mechanochemical couplings of a molecular motor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate theoretically the violations of Einstein and Onsager relations, and the efficiency for a single processive motor operating far from equilibrium using an extension of the two-state model introduced by Kafri {\\em et al.} [Biophys. J. {\\bf 86}, 3373 (2004)]. With the aid of the Fluctuation Theorem, we analyze the general features of these violations and this efficiency and link them to mechanochemical couplings of motors. In particular, an analysis of the experimental data of kinesin using our framework leads to interesting predictions that may serve as a guide for future experiments.

A. W. C. Lau; D. Lacoste; K. Mallick

2007-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

153

Non-equilibrium fluctuations in frictional granular motor: experiments and kinetic theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report the study of a new experimental granular Brownian motor, inspired to the one published in [Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 248001 (2010)], but different in some ingredients. As in that previous work, the motor is constituted by a rotating pawl whose surfaces break the rotation-inversion symmetry through alternated patches of different inelasticity, immersed in a gas of granular particles. The main novelty of our experimental setup is in the orientation of the main axis, which is parallel to the (vertical) direction of shaking of the granular fluid, guaranteeing an isotropic distribution for the velocities of colliding grains, characterized by a variance $v_0^2$. We also keep the granular system diluted, in order to compare with Boltzmann-equation-based kinetic theory. In agreement with theory, we observe for the first time the crucial role of Coulomb friction which induces two main regimes: (i) rare collisions (RC), with an average drift $\\ \\sim v_0^3$, and (ii) frequent collisions (FC), with $\\ \\sim v_0$. We also study the fluctuations of the angle spanned in a large time interval, $\\Delta \\theta$, which in the FC regime is proportional to the work done upon the motor. We observe that the Fluctuation Relation is satisfied with a slope which weakly depends on the relative collision frequency.

Andrea Gnoli; Alessandro Sarracino; Alberto Petri; Andrea Puglisi

2013-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

154

Spectral-Lagrangian methods for collisional models of non-equilibrium statistical states  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a new spectral Lagrangian based deterministic solver for the non-linear Boltzmann transport equation (BTE) in d-dimensions for variable hard sphere (VHS) collision kernels with conservative or non-conservative binary interactions. The method ... Keywords: Boltzmann transport equation, Conservative/non-conservative deterministic method, FFT, Lagrangian optimization, Spectral method

Irene M. Gamba; Sri Harsha Tharkabhushanam

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Crowding effects in non-equilibrium transport through nano-channels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transport through nano-channels plays an important role in many biological processes and industrial applications. Gaining insights into the functioning of biological transport processes and the design of man-made nano-devices requires an understanding of the basic physics of such transport. A simple exclusion process has proven to be very useful in ex- plaining the properties of several artificial and biological nano-channels. It is particularly useful for modeling the influence of inter-particle interactions on transport characteristics. In this paper, we explore several models of the exclusion process using a mean field approach and computer simulations. We examine the effects of crowding inside the channel and its immediate vicinity on the mean flux and the transport times of single molecules. Finally, we discuss the robustness of the theory's predictions with respect to the crucial characteristics of the hindered diffusion in nano-channels that need to be included in the model.

Anton Zilman; Golan Bel

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

156

Representing equilibrium and non-equilibrium convection in large-scale models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new diagnostic convective closure, which is dependent on the convective available potential energy (CAPE), is derived under the quasi-equilibrium assumption for the free troposphere subject to boundary-layer forcing. The closure involves a ...

Peter Bechtold; Noureddine Semane; Philippe Lopez; Jean-Pierre Chaboureau; Anton Beljaars; Niels Bormann

157

Study of Methane Reforming in Warm Non-Equilibrium Plasma Discharges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Utilization of natural gas in remote locations necessitates on-site conversion of methane into liquid fuels or high value products. The first step in forming high value products is the production of ethylene and acetylene. Non-thermal plasmas, due to their unique nonequilibrium characteristics, offer advantages over traditional methods of methane reforming. Different kinds of non-thermal plasmas are being investigated for methane reforming. Parameters of these processes like flow rate, discharge size, temperature and other variables determine efficiency of conversion. An efficient process is identified by a high yield and low specific energy of production for the desired product. A study of previous work reveals that higher energy density systems are more efficient for methane conversion to higher hydrocarbons as compared to low energy density systems. Some of the best results were found to be in the regime of warm discharges. Thermal equilibrium studies indicate that higher yields of ethylene are possible with an optimal control of reaction kinetics and fast quenching. With this idea, two different glow discharge reactor systems are designed and constructed for investigation of methane reforming. A counter flow micro plasma discharge system was used to investigate the trends of methane reforming products and the control parameters were optimized to get best possible ethylene yields while minimizing its specific energy. Later a magnetic glow discharge system is used and better results are obtained. Energy costs lower than thermal equilibrium calculations were achieved with magnetic glow discharge systems for both ethylene and acetylene. Yields are obtained from measurements of product concentrations using gas chromatography and power measurements are done using oscilloscope. Energy balance and mass balances are performed for product measurement accuracy and carbon deposition calculations. Carbon deposition is minimized through control of the temperature and residence time conditions in magnetic glow discharges. Ethylene production is observed to have lower specific energies at higher powers and lower flow rates in both reactors. An ethylene selectivity of 40 percent is achieved at an energy cost of 458MJ/Kg and an input energy cost of 5 MJ/Kg of methane.

Parimi, Sreekar

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

The Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamic Environment and Prigogine’s Dissipative Structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This essay is based on the fundmental assumption that any physical system of synergetic parts is a thermodynamic system. The universality of thermodynamics is due to the fact that thermodynamic homogeneous properties, such as pressure, temperature and their analogs, do not depend upon size or shape. That is, thermodynamics is a topological (not a geometrical) theory. By use of Cartan’s methods of exterior differential forms and their topological properties of closure, it is possible to define and construct examples for the universal concepts of: [1] Continuous Topological Evolution of topological properties- which in effect is a dynamical version of the First Law. [2] Topological Torsion and Pfaff Topological Dimension- which distinguishes equilibrium (PTD 2, TT 6 = 0). [3] A Topological Thermodynamic Environment- of PTD = 4. [4] Thermodynamic irreversible processes, which cause self-similar evolution in the environment, and emergence of self-organized states of PTD = 3 as topological defects

R. M. Kiehn

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

High-Efficiency Solid State Cooling Technologies: Non-Equilibrium Asymmetic Thermoelectrics (NEAT) Devices  

SciTech Connect

BEETIT Project: Sheetak is developing a thermoelectric-based solid state cooling system to replace typical air conditioners that use vapor compression to cool air. With noisy mechanical components, vapor compression systems use a liquid refrigerant to circulate within the air conditioner, absorb heat, and pump the heat out into the external environment. With no noisy moving parts or polluting refrigerants, thermoelectric systems rely on an electrical current being passed through the junction of the two different conducting materials to change temperature. Using advanced semiconductor technology, Sheetak is improving solid state cooling systems by using proprietary thermoelectric materials along with other innovations to achieve significant energy efficiency. Sheetak’s new design displaces compressor-based technology; improves reliability; and decreases energy usage. Sheetak’s use of semiconductor manufacturing methods leads to less material use—facilitating cheaper production.

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

AIAA 2002-3663 A Non-Equilibrium Numerical Study of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by comparing the results of Fig. 2 with the Rechester­ Rosenbluth model, QeR ve(B~ /B0)2 L . Using the spectrum

Choueiri, Edgar

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotechnology gc5 non-equilibrium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Multiple temperature kinetic model and gas-kinetic method for hypersonic non-equilibrium flow computations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is well known that for increasingly rarefied flowfields, the predictions from continuum formulation, such as the Navier-Stokes equations lose accuracy. For the high speed diatomic molecular flow in the transitional regime, the inaccuracies are partially ... Keywords: Gas-kinetic method, Hypersonic and rarefied flows, Multiple temperature kinetic model

Kun Xu; Xin He; Chunpei Cai

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Understanding the response behavior of potentiometric gas sensors for non-equilibrium gas mixtures  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Many applications of gas sensors require concentration measurements of reactive gases in mixtures that are out of thermodynamic equilibrium. These applications include: hydrogen and hydrocarbon fuel gas sensors operating in ambient air for explosion hazard detection, carbon monoxide detection in ambient air for health protection, combustion efficiency sensors for stoichiometry control, and nitric oxide sensors for air pollution monitoring. Many potentiometric and amperometric electrochemical sensor technologies have been developed for these applications. A class of the potentiometric sensors developed for gas mixtures are the non-Nerstian sensors. This presentation defines a categorization and theoretical analysis of three distinct electrochemical processes that can produce a non-Nernstian sensor response.

Garzon, F. H. (Fernando H.); Mukundan, R. (Rangachary); Brosha, E. L. (Eric L.)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

The Development of a Non-Equilibrium Dispersed Flow Film Boiling Heat Transfer Modeling Package.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The dispersed flow film boiling (DFFB) heat transfer regime is important to several applications including cryogenics, rocket engines, steam generators, and in the safety analysis… (more)

Meholic, Michael

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Thermophysical properties of nitrogen plasmas under thermal equilibrium and non-equilibrium conditions  

SciTech Connect

Calculated thermophysical properties of nitrogen plasmas in and out of thermal equilibrium are presented. The cut-off of the partition functions due to the lowering of the ionization potential has been taken into account, together with the contributions from different core excited electronic states. The species composition and thermodynamic properties are determined numerically using the Newton-Raphson iterative method, taking into account the corrections due to Coulomb interactions. The transport properties including diffusion coefficient, viscosity, thermal conductivity, and electrical conductivity are calculated using the most recent collision interaction potentials by adopting Devoto's electron and heavy particle decoupling approach, expanded to the third-order approximation (second-order for viscosity) in the framework of Chapman-Enskog method. Results are presented in the pressure range of 0.1 atm-10 atm and in electron temperature range from 300 to 40 000 K, with the ratio of electron temperature to heavy-particle temperature varied from 1 to 20. Results are compared with those from previous works, and the influences of different definitions of the Debye length are discussed.

Wang Weizong [State Key Laboratory of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an Shaanxi 710049 (China); Department of Electrical Engineering and Electronics, University of Liverpool, Brownlow Hill, Liverpool L69 3GJ (United Kingdom); Rong Mingzhe [State Key Laboratory of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an Shaanxi 710049 (China); Yan, J. D.; Spencer, Joseph W. [Department of Electrical Engineering and Electronics, University of Liverpool, Brownlow Hill, Liverpool L69 3GJ (United Kingdom); Murphy, A. B. [CSIRO Materials Science and Engineering, P.O. Box 218, Lindfield NSW 2070 (Australia)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

165

Non-equilibrium raft-like membrane domains under continuous recycling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a model for the kinetics of spontaneous membrane domain (raft) assembly that includes the effect of membrane recycling ubiquitous in living cells. We show that the domains have a broad power-law distribution with an average radius that scales with the 1/4 power of the domain lifetime when the line tension at the domain edges is large. For biologically reasonable recycling and diffusion rates the average domain radius is in the tens of nm range, consistent with observations. This represents one possible link between signaling (involving rafts) and traffic (recycling) in cells. Finally, we present evidence that suggests that the average raft size may be the same for all scale-free recycling schemes.

Matthew S. Turner; Pierre Sens; Nicholas D. Socci

2005-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

166

Elliptic Flow from Non-equilibrium Initial Condition with a Saturation Scale  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A current goal of relativistic heavy ion collisions experiments is the search for a Color Glass Condensate as the limiting state of QCD matter at very high density. In viscous hydrodynamics simulations, a standard Glauber initial condition leads to estimate $4\\pi \\eta/s \\sim 1$, while a Color Glass Condensate modeling leads to at least a factor of 2 larger $\\eta/s$. Within a kinetic theory approach based on a relativistic Boltzmann-like transport simulation, we point out that the out-of-equilibrium initial distribution proper of a Color Glass Condensate reduces the efficiency in building-up the elliptic flow. Our main result at RHIC energy is that the available data on $v_2$ are in agreement with a $4\\pi \\eta/s \\sim 1$ also for Color Glass Condensate initial conditions, opening the possibility to describe self-consistently also higher order flow, otherwise significantly underestimated, and to pursue further the search for signatures of the Color Glass Condensate.

M. Ruggieri; F. Scardina; S. Plumari; V. Greco

2013-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

167

Nanotechnology Seminar Series  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Ever since serious scientific thinking went into improving the efficiency of photovoltaic energy conversion more than 50 years ago, thermodynamics ...

2013-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

168

PNNL: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

on Surfaces Prepared Using Soft Landing of Mass Selected Ions," featured in ACS Nano. EMSL News See the latest news highlights from EMSL. Contact Us Don Baer Web...

169

Roundtable on Nanotechnology Commercialization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... out of your incredibly busy schedules to share your experiences, insights, thoughts, concerns ... that position the United States as the global leader in ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

170

NIST's Nanotechnology Strategy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... porous membranes, translucent ceramics, radar absorbing coatings, hydrogen storage devices, coal liquefaction systems ... Government Reports ...

2012-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

171

Nanotechnology: A Business Perspective  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... the National Renewable Energy Lab (NREL), the Nanobusiness Alliance, the Cleveland Clinic, Brookhaven National Labs, the International Business Forum, ...

172

Nanotechnology - HSE Considerations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nanomaterials. An HSE Overview. K.R. McDonald. HSE - Product Safety & Regulatory Affairs. Bayer MaterialScience LLC kimberlymcdonald@bayerbms. com ...

173

Nanotechnology Seminar Series - 2006  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... tip and sample is the method of choice for atomic AFM imaging ... new results from a novel spin electronics device (the spin battery), whose realization ...

2013-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

174

Nanotechnology and Microtechnology  

Quantum Dot Based Cell Motility, Invasion, and Metastasis Assays; Single-step Superlatticed Nanorod Synthesis; Nanoparticles for Ultrahigh Density, ...

175

Nanotechnology News in MML  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... CFEB "Rookie of the Year" Award Winner. Defect in Graphene May Present Bouquet of Possibilities. ... Graphene: What Can Go Wrong? ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

176

Computer architectures using nanotechnology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

According to the International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors, the emerging research devices such as Resonant Tunneling Diodes/Transistors (RTD/RTT), Single Electron Transistors(SET) and Quantum Cellular Automata (QCA) are expected to start replacing ...

Yichun Sun / Meghanad D. Wagh

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Nanotechnology for Energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Role of Ceramics in Energy Harvesting, Storage and Conservation · The Stability of Gold Nanoparticles Supported on 1D Ceramic Nanostructures.

178

Flame aerosol nano-technology has been developed to preparation of thin and defect-free porous membrane from the gas phase as a one step method in preparation of membrane for gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract Flame aerosol nano-technology has been developed to preparation of thin and defect on deposition of nano particles (-Al2O3, MgO or spinel MgAl2O4), formed in the premixed flame reactor through/or aluminium precursors in the flame to form nano-particles of -Al2O3, MgO or MgAl2O4 spinel. The generated

179

Modeling of species and charge transport in Li-Ion batteries based on non-equilibrium thermodynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to improve the design of Li ion batteries the complex interplay of various physical phenomena in the active particles of the electrodes and in the electrolyte has to be balanced. The separate transport phenomena in the electrolyte and in the ...

Arnulf Latz; Jochen Zausch; Oleg Iliev

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Chemical freeze-outs of strange and non-strange particles and residual chemical non-equilibrium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose an elaborate version of the hadron resonance gas model with the combined treatment of separate chemical freeze-outs for strange and non-strange hadrons and with an additional \\gamma_{s} factor which accounts for the remaining strange particle non-equilibration. Two sets of chemical freeze-outs parameters are connected by the conservation laws of entropy, baryonic charge, isospin projection and strangeness. The developed approach enables us to perform a high-quality fit of the hadron multiplicity ratios for AGS, SPS and RHIC energies with total \\chi^2/dof \\simeq 1.05. A special attention is paid to a complete description of the Strangeness Horn. A well-known \\bar p, \\bar \\Lambda and \\bar \\Xi selective suppression problem is also discussed.

K. A. Bugaev; D. R. Oliinychenko; V. V. Sagun; A. I. Ivanytskyi; J. Cleymans; E. G. Nikonov; G. M. Zinovjev

2013-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotechnology gc5 non-equilibrium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Chapter 6: Simulation of ... absorbers: the behaviour of methanol and non-equilibrium stage modeling. Simulation of industrial formaldehyde absorbers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

jobshavebeenwrittenonourVB6UHR EWF lithography tool during the past year. Working with industry Working through the James

Groningen, Rijksuniversiteit

182

Homogeneous Non-Equilibrium Molecular Dynamics Methods for Calculating the Heat Transport Coefficient of Solids and Mixtures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heat Conduction in an ElasticHeat Conduction in Liquid Mixtures . . . . . . .1 Introduction Heat conduction is a process involving

Mandadapu, Kranthi Kiran

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Homogeneous Non-Equilibrium Molecular Dynamics Methods for Calculating the Heat Transport Coefficient of Solids and Mixtures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of flexible molecules - Butane. Molecular Physics, 81(6):in polyatomic fluids: n-Butane as an illustration. Chemicalfor two models of liquid Butane. Chemical Physics, 198(1-2):

Mandadapu, Kranthi Kiran

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Homogeneous Non-Equilibrium Molecular Dynamics Methods for Calculating the Heat Transport Coefficient of Solids and Mixtures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

b k ? ? T versible processes of heat transfer and diffusion,irreversible process of diffusion and heat transfer in theIntroduction Heat conduction is a process involving transfer

Mandadapu, Kranthi Kiran

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

High Metallicity and Non-Equilibrium Chemistry in the Dayside Atmosphere of Hot-Neptune Gj 436b  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a detailed analysis of the dayside atmosphere of the hot-Neptune GJ 436b, based on recent Spitzer observations. We report statistical constraints on the thermal and chemical properties of the planetary atmosphere, ...

Madhusudhan, Nikku

186

Application of Semi-Grand Canonical Monte Carlo (SGMC) methods to describe non-equilibrium polymer systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Understanding the structure of materials, and how this structure affects their properties, is an important step towards the understanding that is necessary in order to apply computational methods to the end of designing ...

Bernardin, Frederick E

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Navillum Nanotechnologies | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Radiator Labs Radiator Labs Columbia University Radiator Labs developed a low-cost, easily installed radiator retrofit that converts radiator heating systems into a controlled-zoned system, which significantly increases the efficiency of radiator heating while improving occupant comfort. Learn More Mesdi Systems University of Central Florida Mesdi Systems developed revolutionary equipment for manufacturing lithium-ion batteries, solar cells, and other high precision products that will improve their performance and lifetime with advanced coatings and quality control. Learn More NuMat Technologies, Inc. Northwestern University NuMat Technologies, Inc is a cleantech spin-out that computationally designs and synthesizes high-performing nanomaterials for gas storage and separation applications. NuMat has developed materials that will

188

Navillum Nanotechnologies | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mesdi Systems Mesdi Systems University of Central Florida Mesdi Systems developed revolutionary equipment for manufacturing lithium-ion batteries, solar cells, and other high precision products that will improve their performance and lifetime with advanced coatings and quality control. Learn More NuMat Technologies, Inc. Northwestern University NuMat Technologies, Inc is a cleantech spin-out that computationally designs and synthesizes high-performing nanomaterials for gas storage and separation applications. NuMat has developed materials that will fundamentally change the economics of gas storage in natural gas vehicles - supporting the gradual displacement of foreign oil. Learn More Radiator Labs Columbia University Radiator Labs developed a low-cost, easily installed radiator retrofit that

189

PNNL: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology -Facilities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Energy Search PNNL Search PNNL Home About Research Publications Jobs News Contacts Nano banner DOE Nanoscale Science Research Centers Argonne National Laboratory (Center for...

190

Science and technology news Nanotechnology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by Google Electric Car Conversion Guides Reviewed. Learn How To Convert Your Gas Car To Electric. DiyElectricCar technology high on the list of priorities in a world demanding electric cars and gadgets that last longer a (nano)boost February 9th, 2009 Need to store electricity more efficiently? Put it behind bars. That

Ajayan, Pulickel M.

191

BOOKS & MEDIA UPDATE Carbon Nanotechnology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

chemistry from fundamental and practical perspectives, applications in nanocomposites, sensors, electron et al. Wiley · 2006 · 200 pp ISBN: 3-527-30486-X $75 / £45 / 67.50 The fundamental concepts. Over six years in production, the Handbook of Materials Modeling represents a truly mammoth undertaking

Elliott, James

192

2010: The Year of Nanotechnology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Source: CMP Cientifica, NanoBusiness Alliance. Evolution Capital, NSF, In Realis, McKinsey analysis ·$30

193

Nanotechnology in Building and Construction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... coatings: Sense pressure, impact, damage, chemicals, heat ... TiO 2 greatly increases photovoltaic efficiency. ... costs relative to conventional solar cells. ...

2010-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

194

The National Nanotechnology Initiative: - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sep 19, 2006 ... *President's 2007 Budget. C onduc ... NIST Core. DOE SC. NSF. ACI Research. $9.75 billion. $19.49 billion ... FY 2008 R&D Budget Priorities.

195

CNST Nanotechnology Seminar Series - 2007  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... modeling and control of bio ... with antiferromagnetic coupling, controlled on the ... NANOMANUFACTURING EQUIPMENT/INSTRUMENTATION Martin L ...

2013-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

196

The National Nanotechnology Infrastructure Network's ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

SPIE Baltimore 4/26/2012. SPIE Baltimore 4/26/2012. ... Georgia Institute of Technology. SPIE Baltimore 4/26/2012. SPIE Baltimore 4/26/2012. ...

2012-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

197

LLNL Engineering Micro- and Nanotechnologies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lasers to Universal Gates for Photonic FPGAs Read more... Fabrication of High Resolution CZT Detectors Read more... Flow Programmed Mesoscale Assembly of Nanoengineered Materials...

198

Nanotechnology Combustion Sensors: Prototype Development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The release of nitrogen oxides (NOx) and sulfur dioxide (SO2) from the combustion of fossil fuels and other sources is linked to various ecosystem impacts and human health effects, including acid rain, coastal eutrophication, damage to forest ecosystems, chronic bronchitis, respiratory problems, and heart attacks. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimates that in 2003, total NOx and SO2 emissions from various sources in the United States were 20.8 million tons and 15.9 million tons, respec...

2008-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

199

Navillum Nanotechnologies | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

has developed materials that will fundamentally change the economics of gas storage in natural gas vehicles - supporting the gradual displacement of foreign oil. Learn More...

200

Navillum Nanotechnologies | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

materials that will fundamentally change the economics of gas storage in natural gas vehicles - supporting the gradual displacement of foreign oil. Learn More Mesdi...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotechnology gc5 non-equilibrium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Navillum Nanotechnologies | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

materials that will fundamentally change the economics of gas storage in natural gas vehicles - supporting the gradual displacement of foreign oil. Learn More SolidEnergy...

202

Navillum Nanotechnologies | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

materials that will fundamentally change the economics of gas storage in natural gas vehicles - supporting the gradual displacement of foreign oil. Learn More Radiator...

203

Evaluation of technical feasibility of closed-cycle non-equilibrium MHD power generation with direct coal firing. Final report, Task 1  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Program accomplishments in a continuing effort to demonstrate the feasibility of direct coal fired, closed cycle, magnetohydrodynamic power generation are detailed. These accomplishments relate to all system aspects of a CCMHD power generation system including coal combustion, heat transfer to the MHD working fluid, MHD power generation, heat and cesium seed recovery and overall systems analysis. Direct coal firing of the combined cycle has been under laboratory development in the form of a high slag rejection, regeneratively air cooled cyclone coal combustor concept, originated within this program. A hot bottom ceramic regenerative heat exchanger system was assembled and test fired with coal for the purposes of evaluating the catalytic effect of alumina on NO/sub x/ emission reduction and operability of the refractory dome support system. Design, procurement, fabrication and partial installation of a heat and seed recovery flow apparatus was accomplished and was based on a stream tube model of the full scale system using full scale temperatures, tube sizes, rates of temperature change and tube geometry. Systems analysis capability was substantially upgraded by the incorporation of a revised systems code, with emphasis on ease of operator interaction as well as separability of component subroutines. The updated code was used in the development of a new plant configuration, the Feedwater Cooled (FCB) Brayton Cycle, which is superior to the CCMHD/Steam cycle both in performance and cost. (WHK)

Not Available

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Evaluation of technical feasibility of closed-cycle non-equilibrium MHD power generation with direct coal firing. Final report, Task I  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Program accomplishments in a continuing effort to demonstrate the feasibility of direct coal-fired, closed-cycle MHD power generation are reported. This volume contains the following appendices: (A) user's manual for 2-dimensional MHD generator code (2DEM); (B) performance estimates for a nominal 30 MW argon segmented heater; (C) the feedwater cooled Brayton cycle; (D) application of CCMHD in an industrial cogeneration environment; (E) preliminary design for shell and tube primary heat exchanger; and (F) plant efficiency as a function of output power for open and closed cycle MHD power plants. (WHK)

Not Available

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Supporting all phases of nanotechnology development from ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... to enable nanoscale fabrication and characterization by both lithographic (“top-down”) and ... calibrations on the device prior to its installation in the ...

2012-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

206

Nanotechnology R&D at NIST  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Highlights: Molecular Spintronics: Used nanoscale pore in Si wafer; One molecule thick layer of self assembled molecules; ...

2010-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

207

A nanotechnology enhancement to moore's law  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Intel Moore observed an exponential doubling in the number of transistors in every 18 months through the size reduction of transistor components since 1965. In viewing of mobile computing with insatiate appetite, we explored the necessary enhancement ...

Jerry Wu, Yin-Lin Shen, Kitt Reinhardt, Harold Szu, Boqun Dong

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Nanomaterials/Nanotechnology: Nanoelectronics to improve ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... History Projections ... This energy demand will continue to grow not only because ... Energy supplies are growing scarcer, energy demands are growing ...

2011-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

209

Plenary lecture 2: nanotechnology and heterogeneous catalysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Catalysis is the process in which the rate of a chemical reaction is increased by means of a chemical substance known as a catalyst. Catalysts can be either heterogeneous or homogeneous, depending on whether a catalyst exists in the same phase as the ...

Karim H. Hassan

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Nanotechnology in the Forefront of TMS Activities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 24, 2005 ... 12 from noon to 1:30 p.m. at the Rayburn House Office Building. According to the Federation of. Materials Societies (FMS), if advances are to be ...

211

PNNL: Nanoscience and Nanotechnology - Website References  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Commercialization Education Foundation: 2nd Edition of International Micro-Nano Roadmap NanoMarkets Printable Electronics: Roadmaps, Markets and Opportunities NIH...

212

Enabling Nanotechnology from Discovery to Manufacture (+$6 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... understanding and measurement of nanomaterials to ensure ... allow researchers to view nanostructures as they ... for greater auto fuel efficiency and ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

213

Nanotechnology for Energy, Environment, Electronics & Industry I  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 30, 2013 ... Elegant Magnetic and Electric Field Sensing with Fiber Optic Technologies: ... Energy resources are limited to remote areas, or power failure for ...

214

Medical Surveillance and Nanotechnology Workers.ppt  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Workers Peter D. Lichty, MD MOH FACOEM July 2008 Outline * Principles of Medical Surveillance * Sensitivity and Specificity of Medical Tests * Variability of Medical...

215

Nanotechnology for Energy, Environment, Electronics and Industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The benefits can range from higher system properties and energy efficiency, to innovative healthcare solutions, to advanced industry products and solutions.

216

Nanotechnology for Energy, Environment, Healthcare and Industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The benefits can range from higher system properties and energy efficiency, to innovative healthcare solutions, to advanced industry products and solutions.

217

Nanotechnology for Uranium Separations and Immobilization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2009. Symposium, Green Engineering and Environmental Stewardship. Presentation Title ...

218

A systems approach to engineering cancer nanotechnologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

therapy. Over the past three decades, advances in nanomaterial synthesis have produced impressive nanostructures with unique electromagnetic and therapeutic properties. These represent a powerful toolkit of building blocks ...

Von Maltzahn, Geoffrey

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

September 2004 Nanotechnology in the EU  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RNA from samples to be tested are labelled, usually with a fluorescent dye, and then applied to the chip to fluorescence, which can be read by optical means (fluorescence imager). The location and the intensity of fluorescent spots provide information about which genes have been expressed by the cell and to what degree

Mosegaard, Klaus

220

Using Nanotechnology in Viscoelastic Surfactant Stimulation Fluids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Viscoelastic surfactant (VES) fluids are preferred for many applications in the oil industry. Their viscoelastic behavior is due to the overlap and entanglement of very long wormlike micelles. The growth of these wormlike micelles depends on the charge of the head group, salt concentration, temperature, and the presence of other interacting components. The problem with these fluids is that they are expensive and used at temperatures less than 200°F. The viscoelasticity of nanoparticle-networked VES fluid systems were analyzed in an HP/HT viscometer. A series of rheology experiments have been performed by using 2-4 vol% amidoamine oxide surfactant in 13 to 14.2 ppg CaBr2 brines and 10.8 to 11.6 ppg CaCl2 brines at different temperatures up to 275°F and a shear rate of 10 s-1. The nanoparticles evaluated were MgO and ZnO at 6 pptg concentration. In addition, the effect of different nanoparticle concentrations (0.5 to 8 pptg) and micron size particles on the viscosity of VES fluid was investigated. The oscillatory shear rate sweep (100 to 1 s-1) was performed from 100 to 250°F. The effect of fish oil as an internal breaker on the viscosity of VES micelles was examined. This study showed that the addition of nanoparticles improved the thermal stability of VES micellar structures in CaBr2 and CaCl2 brines up to 275°F and showed an improved viscosity yield at different shear rates. Micro- and nanoparticles have potential to improve the viscosity of VES fluids. Lab tests show that for VES micellar systems without nanoparticles, the dominant factor is the storage modulus but when nanoparticles are added to the system at 275°F the loss modulus becomes the dominant factor. These positive effects of nanoparticles on VES fluid characteristics suggest that these particles can reduce treatment cost and will exceed temperature range to 275°F. With this work, we hope to have better understanding of nanoparticle/viscoelastic surfactant interaction.

Gurluk, Merve 1986-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotechnology gc5 non-equilibrium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

NANOTECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT - Oak Ridge National Laboratory  

As head of the Spallation Neutron Source project, he led a consortium of six DOE labs in the design and construction of the $1.4 billion neutron accel ...

222

Practical Nanotechnology Solutions: Innovation Support at NINT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cross Pollination between Industry and Engineering Programs/Students in Manitoba · Improving the Health & Performance of Miners Working at Moderate to

223

Plenary lecture 5: industrializing carbon nanotechnology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The industrial revolution of the 1800's was underpinned by iron, copper, and aluminum materials. The electronics revolution in the 1900's was based on silicon and semiconductor materials. Then the composite materials revolution began replacing metals ...

Mark J. Schulz

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Nanotechnology and Future Directions in Petrobras Brazil  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Corrosion Control Methods of Drilling Tools – Effectiveness and Challenges · Corrosion of ... Dynamics of Nanoparticle-Based Complex Fluids in Porous Media.

225

Trends in worldwide nanotechnology patent applications ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 3. The evolution trends of the other 11 coun- tries'/regions ... nanoparticles,'' ''Quantum dots,'' ''Single walled carbon nanotubes,'' ''Solar cells,'' and ...

2010-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

226

Renewable Energy, Solar Energy, and Nanotechnology Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, US DOE (fuel ethanol, biodiesel) (includes wood- derived fuels) "Waste" = municipal solid waste from.g., surfactant, polymer, ionic species NPs have a surface coating #12;Size-dependent properties of NPs Gold

227

New Gold Nanoparticle RMs Support Nanotechnology ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Various types of nanoparticles (eg, dendrimers, quantum dots, gold nanospheres ... by a lack of comprehensive and accurate physical and chemical ...

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

228

Tools for Nanotechnology Education Development Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The overall focus of this project was the development of reusable, cost-effective educational modules for use with the table top scanning electron microscope (TTSEM). The goal of this project's outreach component was to increase students' exposure to the science and technology of nanoscience.

Dorothy Moore

2010-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

229

Engineering Shapes in Nanotechnology: Helicity on Demand  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Though usually modeled as one-dimensional space curves, natural and synthetic helices often .... Optical Gas Sensors for Advanced Coal-Fired Power Plants.

230

Improving Targeted Radionuclide Therapy Using Nuclear Nanotechnology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objectives of this thesis are to produce radioactive antibody-conjugated gold nanoparticles to improve the efficacy of targeted radionuclide therapy for the treatment of cancer, and to demonstrate that this product can be produced at Texas A&M University. We have proposed a method for determining the distribution of radioactive nuclei per nanoparticle, which is critical for determining radiotherapeutic efficacy. Using the distribution of radioactive nuclei per nanoparticle, we have produced methods for calculating the radiative dose to tissue using nano-improved targeted radionuclide therapy, but more importantly we propose procedures to experimentally determine the efficacy of targeted radionuclide therapy improved by application of radioactive nanomaterials in combination with immunotherapy, nanomaterial cytotoxicity, and other cancer therapies such as chemotherapy. These methods can also be used to determine the efficacy of combinatory treatments as a function of time. Characterization of the antibody-nanoparticle attachment is critical; we have demonstrated successful antibody-nanoparticle conjugation using atomic force microscopy, dynamic light scattering, and agarose gel electrophoresis, providing more conclusive evidence of successful conjugation compared to flow cytometry. We provide a mathematical derivation from basic electron-transport principles which demonstrates the theoretical dosimetric advantages of applying radioactive nanomaterials to targeted radionuclide therapy. The general formulae can be applied to any tumor size, any radionuclide, and any pharmacokinetic nanoparticle distribution throughout the body, ultimately allowing a quick method of approximating the necessary activation time and treatment dosage parameters for a specific patient without burdensome Monte Carlo computational simulations. We further demonstrated that nano-TRT dosage to tumors should be considered as a function of radial position rather than average, as the dose across the tumor may be noticeably non-uniform causing some portions of the tumor to receive (potentially) significantly less dose than average.

Evans, Jordan Andrew

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Center for Micro-and Nanotechnologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, it is always possible to find some constant input b for which this subset is exactly the set of neurons that co-fire model: An encoded memory pattern of the network W is a subset of neurons that co-fires at a fixed point

Knobloch,Jürgen

232

Nanotechnology: A Look into the Future  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Page 13. TN Theis 3/25/03 Research Carbon nanotube intra-molecular logic gate (NOT gate, voltage inverter) -2 -1 0 1 2 -4 -2 0 2 4 V IN (V) V OU T ...

233

Nanowarriors: Military Nanotechnology and Comic Books  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cityscape, packing two enormous guns and other assault devices (Figure 1). This image proved appealing sales of Radix; if anything, the resulting scandal only brought new attention to the comic book

234

Boron Nanotechnology and Nanocomposites - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 28, 2013 ... The mechanical and thermal transport properties of as-synthesized nanowires were studied by a home-built manipulator within a scanning ...

235

Nanotechnology for RenewableNanotechnology for Renewable Energy (NRE Team)Energy (NRE Team)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

this research to enable a better understanding of the impacts of climate change and renewable energy usage. ·To­Solar Electric Theme 3. Conversion of Biomass into Biofuels Klabunde, Wu, Richter, Sturm, Twomey, Wang Theme 4 Needs: Highly efficient devices to convert solar energy into electricity Technologies to effectively

Peterson, Blake R.

236

Producing Results in Nanotechnology Today November 11-13 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nov 11, 2007 ... Sheraton Station Square, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA ..... Active Layer Technology Systems for Organic Solar Cells: Andy Hannah1;.

237

Design of reversible "smart" surfaces for biomedical and nanotechnological applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chapter 1. An Introduction to Self-Assembled Monolayers & Surface Characterization A brief summary of the formation, structure, and characterization techniques of self assembled monolayers (SAMs) is described. The ...

Tran, Thanh-Nga T. (Thanh-Nga Trinh)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

PNNL: Technical Staff - Nanotechnology, Nano Science, Engineering, and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Technical Staff Technical Staff Our work involves a diverse technical staff including scientists, engineers, technologists and others. We are dedicated to working in teams to move science to the market place. Staff Members & Interest Areas R. Shane Addleman-My interest focuses upon application-driven development of advanced materials. A significant portion of our present work focuses primarily upon the development of various surface functionalized nanostructured materials for application to sensing and separation challenges in the environmental and security sectors. Analytes of interest depend upon the application and include selective capture of toxic heavy metals, toxic organic compounds, radionuclides, and explosives. We are also exploring the use of supercritical and near-critical fluids as a "green"

239

National Nanotechnology Investment in the FY 2011 Budget  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Administration (NASA) National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health ... International Trade Commission (ITC) Nuclear Regulatory Commission ...

2010-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

240

Information Nano-Technologies: Transition from Classical to Quantum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this presentation are discussed some problems, relevant with application of information technologies in nano-scale systems and devices. Some methods already developed in quantum information technologies may be very useful here. Here are considered two illustrative models: representation of data by quantum bits and transfer of signals in quantum wires.

Vlasov, Alexander Yu

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotechnology gc5 non-equilibrium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Information Nano-Technologies: Transition from Classical to Quantum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this presentation are discussed some problems, relevant with application of information technologies in nano-scale systems and devices. Some methods already developed in quantum information technologies may be very useful here. Here are considered two illustrative models: representation of data by quantum bits and transfer of signals in quantum wires.

Alexander Yu. Vlasov

2009-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

242

Lockheed Martin Advanced Nanotechnology Center Of Excellence at Rice University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Sanchez, J. Fontcuberta, R. Cordoba, B. G. Mendis and A. L. Bleloch, Appl. Phys. Lett., 2009, 95, 072507

243

Nanotechnology Emission Assessment Technique (NEAT) used by NIOSH...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

number concentrations at concentrations at " " suspected suspected " " emission sources emission sources to to " " background background " " particle number concentrations....

244

In the OSTI Collections: Nanotechnology | OSTI, US Dept of Energy...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

that are adjustable by the laser fluence, and simultaneously produce high and low energy fragments. Devices and Components One new nanoscale device (U.S. Patent...

245

MS&T'11 Poster Session: Nanotechnology Program Organizers ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 18, 2011 ... NC prepared by thermal hydrolysis method was used to put adlayers of .... loading conditions results from runaway shear banding propagation.

246

Computational Nano-Materials Design for Spinodal Nanotechnology ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Express 3, (2010) 101201.(3). Nguyen Dang Vu, et al., Appl. Phys. Express, 4, ( 2011) 015203.(4). M. Oshitani, et al., Appl. Phys. Express, 4, (2011) 022302.(5).

247

Applications of nanotechnology in water and wastewater treatment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Qilin Li* Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Rice University, Houston, TX 77005, USA a r demand, which is exacerbated by population growth, global climate change, and water quality deterioration and the improvement of living standard continuously drive up the demand. Moreover, global climate change accentuates

Alvarez, Pedro J.

248

An Overview of NIOSH Nanotechnology Research and an Update ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nov 12, 2007 ... N - not resistant to oil mist. • R - resistant to oil mist. • P - protective against oil mist

249

Argonne National Laboratory Scientists Invent Breakthrough Technique in Nanotechnology  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

For many years, scientists have searched for ways to assemble nanoparticles (millions of times smaller than the tip of a pencil) into larger structures of any shape and design. Argonne's team created an assembled, continuous filament of carbon and gold nanoparticles that followed the path of the laser as if it was a magic wand.

250

How Nanotechnology Can Revolutionize Meteorological Observing with Lagrangian Drifters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The idea of using Lagrangian drifters for atmospheric sampling has been prevalent for more than 50 years. Substantial reductions in platform mass, size, and cost can now be realized by leveraging current and expected advances in micro- and ...

John Manobianco; Joseph G. Dreher; Randolph J. Evans; Jonathan L. Case; Mark L. Adams; Matthew Buza

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Nanotechnology-Based Systems for Nuclear Radiation and Chemicl Detection  

SciTech Connect

This main objectives of this effort are the development and prototyping of a small. sensitive, and low-cost multi-channel nanoparticle scintillation microdevice with integrated waveguides for alpha, beta, gamma, and neutron detection. This research effort has integrated experiments and simulation to determine the combination of process-specific materials for the achievement optimum detection conditions.

Kody Varahramyan; Pedro Derosa; Chester Wilson

2006-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

252

2008 NIST Presents the Nanotechnology Showcase (4/08)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Centrifugal Length Sorting of Carbon Nanotubes Dr. Jeffrey ... Nanotubes come in many lengths; Sorting ... depending on the nanotube size; Applications ...

2012-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

253

Lloyd Whitman Wins NRL Edison Award for Nanotechnology ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The patent award, one of three given from 50 NRL patents considered for 2009, recognizes significant contributions to science and engineering that ...

2010-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

254

Critical Nanotechnology Needs in the Forest Products Industry ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... in the Forest Products Industry White Paper ... allow substitution of sustainable light weight materials ... wood based composites, paper and paperboard ...

2011-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

255

Using Nanotechnology in Agriculture Kent Pinkerton, Ph.D.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

& fuel cells Composites Semiconductor Remediation Consumer Appliances Food and beverage Textiles Laser only 17 mm 20 mm Untreated No Residual MWCN T + Laser #12;Aerogels (Frozen Smoke) for Increased Insulation and Energy Storage Image Source: NASA Jet Propulsion Lab (http://stardust.jpl.nasa.gov/photo/aerogel

Nguyen, Danh

256

Dehumidifying Air for Cooling & Refrigeration: Nanotechnology Membrane-based Dehumidifier  

SciTech Connect

Broad Funding Opportunity Announcement Project: Dais is developing a product called NanoAir which dehumidifies the air entering a building to make air conditioning more energy efficient. The system uses a polymer membrane that allows moisture but not air to pass through it. A vacuum behind the membrane pulls water vapor from the air, and a second set of membranes releases the water vapor outside. The membrane’s high selectivity translates into reduced energy consumption for dehumidification. Dais’ design goals for NanoAir are the use of proprietary materials and processes and industry-standard installation techniques. NanoAir is also complementary to many other energy saving strategies, including energy recovery.

None

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 16 (2005) 10291034 doi:10.1088/0957-4484/16/8/005  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Technol. 22 357 [25] Coutu J R, Kladitis P E, Leedy K D and Crane R L 2004 J. Micromech. Microeng. 14 1157

MacDonald, Noel C.

258

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 23 (2012) 015301 (7pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/23/1/015301  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.1088/0957-4484/23/1/015301 Out-of-plane growth of CNTs on graphene for supercapacitor applications Youn-Su Kim, Kitu Kumar, Frank nanotubes (CNTs) grown on graphene layers for supercapacitor applications. The entire nanostructure (CNTs of carbon. Characterization of the supercapacitor performance of the CNT­graphene hybrid nanostructure

Fisher, Frank

259

INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 18 (2007) 044009 (9pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/18/4/044009  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-FM) used for glass transition analysis, and introduce heated tip atomic force microscopy (HT-AFM) for thermomechanical analysis of material interfaces. The dynamics and kinetics in organic thin films friction analysis (IFA). Both SM-FM and IFA are applied to optimize the poling efficiency of organic non

260

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 21 (2010) 165204 (8pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/21/16/165204  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

include a high in-plane Young's modulus of 1 TPa probed using nanoindentation of suspended graphene [5 gate voltage at low temperatures and find that the thermal expansion of graphene, built-in tension of the graphene device, q is the charge induced by the gate voltage, Cg is the capacitance between the gate

Deshmukh, Mandar M.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotechnology gc5 non-equilibrium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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261

U.S. Department of Energy Categorical Exclusion Determination Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Agency - Agency - Energy Pro-iectTitle: 0289-1600 Sheetak - Non-EquilibriumAsymmetric Thermoelectric Devices Location: Tennessee Proposed Action or Project Description: American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Funding will support bench-scale research proposed work is consistent with the goals save energy and reduce GHG emissions. and development on a novel thermoelectric device for use in various air conditioning applications. The of BEETIT: the development of energy efficient cooling technologies and air conditioners for buildings, to Proposed work consists entirely of RD&D work to be completed in Sheetak's facilities in Austin, TX and the National Nanotechnology Infrastructure Network on the campus of the University of Texas - Austin in Austin, TX. The work performed will be limited

262

SciTech Connect: "smart grid"  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Fe Atomic Data for Non-equilibrium Ionization Plasmas Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Fe Atomic Data for Non-equilibrium Ionization Plasmas...

263

Ambient pressure photoelectron spectroscopy: a new tool for surface science and nanotechnology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Kim, A. P. Seitsonen, S. Wendt, E. Lundgren, M. Schmid, P.Kim, A. P. Seitsonen, S. Wendt, J. Wang, C. Fan, K. Jacobi,

Salmeron, Miquel

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Ambient pressure photoelectron spectroscopy: a new tool for surface science and nanotechnology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

R. Schlogl, Angewandte Chemie- International Edition 2005,R. Schlogl, Angewandte Chemie-International Edition 2004,

Salmeron, Miquel

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

WORKING DOCUMENT -DRAFT -September 12th "Nanosciences, Nanotechnologies, Materials and new  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with green light from a laser or LED (light emitting diode) source. The blue light that is emitted from

Meju, Max

266

Applicability of Nanotechnology to Fossil Plant Water-Steam Cycles: Literature Review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The control of water purity, even to part per billion (ppb) levels, is vital to the energy efficiency and economic performance of fossil power stations. Failure to control levels of potentially aggressive impurities in the water-steam cycle can cause corrosion and even catastrophic failures. There is also a need to find and explore filtration technologies for power plants to improve reduction in metal oxides transport to vulnerable components. This report presents the findings of an investigation of the ...

2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

267

U-11: Nanotechnology Coating of Buildings with Sol–Gel Method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With this coating technology, the surface building maintenance, especially for ... Energy Generation and Storage Applications of TiO2 Nanotubular Arrays by ... Interface Engineering as a Tool to Enhance Efficiencies of Carbon Nanotube ...

268

NEWS & VIEWS nature nanotechnology | VOL 3 | AUGUST 2008 | www.nature.com/naturenanotechnology 459  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

be harnessed, it will be possible to design wearable sensors or to build power generators and energy storage-absorbing cotton to repel water nearly as efficiently as the lotus leaf. Furthermore, the treated fabrics alternatives to soft linings in marine and outdoor applications. Furthermore, cotton fabrics coated

Devoret, Michel H.

269

Tools for decoding the structure-function relationships of biopolymers in nanotechnology and glycobiology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, new tools have been developed for decoding structure-function relationships governing complex biopolymers that have emerged as key players in biology, biotechnology, and medicine. Specifically: (1.) The ...

Soundararajan, Venkataramanan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

NEWS & VIEWS nature nanotechnology | VOL 3 | AUGUST 2008 | www.nature.com/naturenanotechnology 455  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

­hole `puddles' where, for gate voltages close to the conduction minimum, parts of the graphene sheet act ballistic graphene electronics to be used for high-frequency applications. But what happens at the edge-mail: mfreitag@us.ibm.com W hen drawing a line with a pencil, small fragments of graphite are left behind

Andrei, Eva Y.

271

Les micro-nanotechnologies pour les systèmes hyperfréquences: au-delà des conventions.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??L'évolution de notre société est spectaculaire. Les nouvelles technologies apportent sans cesse des bouleversements dans nos vies, dont nous n'avons d'ailleurs pas toujours conscience tellement… (more)

Grenier, Katia

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

The Royal Society & The Royal Academy of Engineering Nanoscience and nanotechnologies | July 2004 | iii Summary vii  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on the use of a 3 in. square position-sensitive photomultiplier (PSPMT) to view a two- dimensional segmented with an adjust- able aperture pinhole collimator and a 676-element two- dimensional segmented CsI(Tl) crystal isolated segmented detector crystals (see Fig. 3a and 3b). Previous measurements made using arrays of small

Mosegaard, Klaus

273

InstituteofMicro-andNanotechnologiesMacroNano BIANNUALREPORT2009|2010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

telles que les LTCC (Low Temperature Co-fired Ceramic) [31] ou les SIW (Substrate Integrated Waveguide

Knobloch,Jürgen

274

Ambient pressure photoelectron spectroscopy: a new tool for surface science and nanotechnology  

SciTech Connect

Progress in science often follows or parallels the development of new techniques. The optical microscope helped convert medicine and biology from a speculative activity in old times to today's sophisticated scientific disciplines. The telescope changed the study and interpretation of heavens from mythology to science. X-ray diffraction enabled the flourishing of solid state physics and materials science. The technique object of this review, Ambient Pressure Photoelectron Spectroscopy or APPES for short, has also the potential of producing dramatic changes in the study of liquid and solid surfaces, particularly in areas such as atmospheric, environment and catalysis sciences. APPES adds an important missing element to the host of techniques that give fundamental information, i.e., spectroscopy and microscopy, about surfaces in the presence of gases and vapors, as encountered in industrial catalysis and atmospheric environments. APPES brings electron spectroscopy into the realm of techniques that can be used in practical environments. Decades of surface science in ultra high vacuum (UHV) has shown the power of electron spectroscopy in its various manifestations. Their unique property is the extremely short elastic mean free path of electrons as they travel through condensed matter, of the order of a few atomic distances in the energy range from a few eV to a few thousand eV. As a consequence of this the information obtained by analyzing electrons emitted or scattered from a surface refers to the top first few atomic layers, which is what surface science is all about. Low energy electron diffraction (LEED), Auger electron spectroscopy (AES), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS), and other such techniques have been used for decades and provided some of the most fundamental knowledge about surface crystallography, composition and electronic structure available today. Unfortunately the high interaction cross section of electrons with matter also prevents them from traveling long distances unscattered in gas environments. Above the millibar pressure range this distance is reduced to less that a millimeter, effectively preventing its use in the most relevant environments, usually between millibars and atmospheric pressures. There is therefore a large gap of several orders of magnitude where information about surfaces is scarce because these powerful electron spectroscopies cannot operate. One characteristic of surfaces in ambient pressure environments is that they are covered by dense layers of molecules, even when their binding energy is weak. Water for example is known to form layers several molecules thick at room temperature in humid environments. Metals readily form oxide films several layers thick in oxygen atmospheres. Dense layers of adsorbed molecules can also be produced in ultra high vacuum, often by the simple and expedient method of cooling the sample to cryogenic temperatures. A large amount of data has been obtained in the past in UHV by surface scientists using this method. While this has provided valuable information it begs the question of whether the structures formed in this manner represent equilibrium structures or metastable ones, kinetically trapped due to high activation energies that cannot be overcome at low temperature. From a thermodynamic point of view is interesting to consider the entropic contribution to the Gibbs free energy, which we can call 'the pressure factor', equal to kT.logP. This factor amounts to a sizeable 0.3 eV difference at room temperature between UHV (<10{sup -8} Pascal) and atmospheric pressures. Such change if free energy can definitely result in changes in surface structure and stability. Entire areas of the phase diagram are out of reach due to the pressure gap. Even when cooling is not necessary, many surface treatments and most chemical reactions necessitate the presence of gases at pressures ranging from millibar to bars. What is the structure and chemical nature of the species formed on the surface in equilibrium with suc

Salmeron, Miquel; Salmeron, Miquel; Schlogl, Robert

2008-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

275

Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home Research Highlights Nanotechnology Research Highlights Nanotechnology Entering a new phase: First observation of polymer interphase in nanoconfinement at SNS...

276

Technology@TMS: Online Article  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Molar volume, density, and thermal expansion; Scheil-Gulliver (non-equilibrium) solidification simulations; Thermochemical data such as enthalpies, heat ...

277

Engineering model reduction of bio-chemical kinetic David Csercsik, Katalin M. Hangos  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Hydrosystems Chemical and Thermal Non-Equilibrium: Kinetic Mass & Energy Transfer Motivation Modeling Non is actually driven by difference in chemical potential influence of thermal non-equilibrium on kinetic mass situation of clear non-equilibrium extending range of applicability Support of the German Research

Gorban, Alexander N.

278

Comparison of two approaches to building a vertical search tool: a case study in the nanotechnology domain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As the Web has been growing exponentially, it has become increasingly difficult to search for desired information. In recent years, many domain-specific (vertical) search tools have been developed to serve the information needs of specific fields. This ... Keywords: indexing, information retrieval, internet searching and browsing, internet spider, noun-phrasing, personalization, post-retrieval analysis, self-organizing map, summarization, vertical search engine, web search engine

Michael Chau; Hsinchun Chen; Jialun Qin; Yilu Zhou; Yi Qin; Wai-Ki Sung; Daniel McDonald

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Life Cycle Energy and Climate Change Implication of Nanotechnologies: A Critical Review Hyung Chul Kim and Vasilis Fthenakis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Bakshi (2011) in terms of life-cycle impacts, fossil energy usage, and exergy. Their estimates of fossil degree to the high energy usage. Other environmental-impact profiles were consistent with these energy to Healey s study wherein electricity usage for the CVD process dominates energy demand (99%). In the same

280

Nanotechnology in Thoracic Surgery Morgan D. Schulz, MD, Onkar Khullar, MD, John V. Frangioni, MD, PhD,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the lung and the preva- lence of occult micrometastatic disease within thoracic nodes which may appear be due to an increased detection of nodal disease or increased re- moval of nodes harboring occult foci

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotechnology gc5 non-equilibrium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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281

Nanoscience Research for Energy Needs. Report of the National Nanotechnology Initiative Grand Challenge Workshop, March 16-18, 2004  

SciTech Connect

This document is the report of a workshop held under NSET auspices in March 2004 aimed at identifying and articulating the relationship of nanoscale science and technology to the Nation's energy future.

Alivisatos, P.; Cummings, P.; De Yoreo, J.; Fichthorn, K.; Gates, B.; Hwang, R.; Lowndes, D.; Majumdar, A.; Makowski, L.; Michalske, T.; Misewich, J.; Murray, C.; Sibener, S.; Teague, C.; Williams, E.

2004-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

282

Center for Biological and Environmental Nanotechnology Annual ReportY07 Table of Contents 2-3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Production of phenols and biofuels by catalytic microwave pyrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass Quan: Biomass Activated carbon Microwave pyrolysis Catalyst Phenol a b s t r a c t Catalytic microwave pyrolysis. Ã? 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. 1. Introduction Pyrolysis of biomass is a thermal

283

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NANOTECHNOLOGY, VOL. 11, NO. 3, MAY 2012 581 Graphene Field-Effect Transistors on Undoped  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

architecture is based on the high sensitivity of graphene to the local change of electric field that can result. Current is supplied across the graphene sample, and the voltage is measured to obtain the resistance]. Graphene has a high carrier mobility, reaching 10 times or greater than that of Si at room temperature [2

Chen, Yong P.

284

NICOM 4: 4th International Symposium on Nanotechnology in Construction Effect of Nanosilica on Cement Hydration under High Temperature and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

; 1997. 14. Mehta K, Monterio PJM. Concrete: Microstructure, Properties and Materials, Third Edition. NY

Al-Majed, Abdulaziz Abdullah

285

Symposium on the Nature of Science?George Lisensky, Amy Payne...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nanotechnology into the Curriculum George Lisensky, Amy Payne, and Cynthia Widstrand "Nano-" means a thousandth of a thousandth of a thousandth. Nanotechnology involves the...

286

Coherence in nanostructured excitons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nanotechnology and optoelectronics have the potential to revolutionize the medicine, communications, and energy industries, with applications utilizing nanotechnology beginning to appear. However, there are still fundamental ...

Arias, Dylan H

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

-validation-flaw-probecfm-permits-cross-site-scripting Download Approaches to Safe Nanotechnology Approaches to Safe Nanotechnology http:energy.govnepadownloads...

288

Illinois | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

View Wind Project, Chicago Heights, Cook County, Illinois December 14, 2010 Nanotechnology: Small Materials Making a Big Impact A look at how breakthroughs in nanotechnology...

289

The Molecular Foundry - Our Mission and History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

One of the World's Premier Nanotechnology Research Institutions Nanotechnology lab Founded in 2006 by the Department of Energy (DOE), the Molecular Foundry is a critical part of...

290

Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nanotechnology Archive Research Highlights Nanotechnology Archive Reflectivity Studies of Layered Nanoassemblies Researchers are using the Liquids Reflectometer at SNS to probe the...

291

IG SAR 5-09.qxd  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

MARCH 31, 2009 17 SEMIANNUAL REPORT TO CONGRESS I The Department developed a draft Nanotechnology Notice to prescribe safety practices for working with Nanotechnology activities...

292

Slide 1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

* Thermodynamics in confinement * Non-equilibrium analysis * Kinetics in confinement * Multiphase transport Keys: Energy Forms + Scales + Sediment Mineral surface 1D - interface...

293

Present and Future Computing Requirements Radiative Transfer...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

radiative shock (e.g., ensman 1994) gas temperature radiation temperature Local Thermodynamic Equilibrium (LTE) non-equilibrium (NLTE) CaII microphysics 1GB atomic data...

294

ARPA-E Technology Showcase: Project Spotlight | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

that use half the energy and avoid using potent greenhouse gas coolants of traditional vapor-compression refrigeration systems. Sheetak's Non-Equilibrium Asymmetric...

295

Interface Role in the Shock Response of Cu/Nb Metallic Multilayers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Non-equilibrium MD simulations of the shock loading of Cu/Nb multilayers containing exclusively one interface structure or the other confirm the key role which ...

296

Long-term Atomistic Simulation of Heat Conduction and Mass ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This non-equilibrium thermodynamics model is then coupled with discrete kinetic models of Onsager type which governs heat conduction and mass transport at ...

297

NSLS II: Growth and Processing of Advanced Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

is a non-equilibrium phenomenon governed by a competition between kinetics and thermodynamics. The figure illustrates common themes in thin film growth processes and methods....

298

Microsoft PowerPoint - Malhotra-ARRA-February-2011.pptx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MONITORING OF STORED CO 2 IN ORGANIC ROCKS UNDER NON- EQUILIBRIUM CONDITIONS Southern Illinois University-Carbondale Presenter: Vivak (Vik) Malhotra Department of Physics...

299

Federal Engagement in Standards Activities to Address ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... panels and coordination initiatives that address key national priorities, including homeland security, nanotechnology, biofuels, nuclear energy ...

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

300

No Slide Title  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Carbon support (conductor). ... Nanotechnology, Hydrogen, Energy, Fuel Cell, Battery, Water Purification, and CO 2 Sequestration Technologies. ...

2011-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotechnology gc5 non-equilibrium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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301

High-Temperature Nano-Derived Sensors for Online Monitoring of SO  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2012. Symposium, Nanotechnology for Energy, Environment, Healthcare and Industry.

302

NIST Image Gallery: Image Details  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Title: Nanotechnology;Nanomanufacturing;Optical Nano Vision; Checkerboard Scattering Pattern. Description: Resembling ...

303

NIST Image Gallery: Image Details  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Title: Nanotechnology; Electronics; Synchronized Nano-oscillators. Description: A simulation made with NIST micromagnetic ...

304

NIST Image Gallery: Image Details  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Title: Nanotechnology--Nanomanufacturing; Optical Nano Vision. Description: A new optical imaging technology under ...

305

3/30/10 10:43 AMElectrospinning self-healing polymer coating systems Page 1 of 2http://www.nanowerk.com/spotlight/spotid=15547.php  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

bioethanol production from woods Posted: Mar 25th, 2010 Images from the nanotechnology universe Posted: Mar

Braun, Paul

306

Genome-Scale Analysis of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Metabolism and Ethanol Production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

investigation advances bioethanol production from woods Posted: Mar 25th, 2010 Images from the nanotechnology

Mountziaris, T. J.

307

IP2006: Home Page - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

His technical areas of expertise include nanotechnology, materials science, semiconductor processing, chemistry, aerospace, medical treatments, medical ...

308

Governance of emerging science and engineering: The case ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... organizations will restructure towards integration ... and Trademark Office (USPTO, Department of ... for Biological and Environmental Nanotechnology ...

2010-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

309

Engineering Graduate Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reliable, energy efficient, high performance computing circuits in emerging nanotechnologies; (2) De

310

Robert Keller  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... nanotube networks subjected DC electrical stressing," Nanotechnology ... Institut für Werkstoffwissenschaften (Materials Science), Erlangen, Germany. ...

2013-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

311

NIST Image Gallery: Image Details  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 72 DPI Image © 150 DPI Image © 300 DPI Image ©. Title: Nanotechnology; Biotechnology/Health; Nanocrystals; Hwang. ...

312

Dynamics in Polymer | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

& Medicine Biotechnology & Energy Fundamental Physics Imaging Magnetism Materials Nanotechnology Superconductivity Facilities and Capabilities Instruments User Program...

313

Research Resources and Centers Research plays an integral role in Rensselaer's vision of the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in materials, devices, systems, nanotechnology, light emitting diodes (LEDs), organic light emitting diodes

Varela, Carlos

314

Publicly Submitted White Papers - Manufacturing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Nanomaterials/Nanotechnology Nanoelectronics to Improve Energy Efficiency; ... Optimization of HYDRAULIC PRESSES; Precision Additive ...

2011-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

315

NIST Manuscript Publication Search  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... EUV lithography masks. Citation: SPIE Newsroom Article. Website: www.spie.org. Research Areas: Nanotechnology, Characterization ...

2013-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

316

Argonne TDC: Sensor Technology Available for Licensing  

Emergency Response. Engineering. Environmental Research. Fuel Cells. Imaging Technology. Material Science. Nanotechnology. Physical Sciences. Sensor ...

317

Argonne TDC: Transportation Technologies  

Emergency Response. Engineering. Environmental Research. Fuel Cells. Imaging Technology. Material Science. Nanotechnology. Physical Sciences. Sensor ...

318

Argonne TDC: Licensable Battery Technologies  

Emergency Response. Engineering. Environmental Research. Fuel Cells. Imaging Technology. Material Science. Nanotechnology. Physical Sciences. Sensor ...

319

Argonne TDC: Medical and Life Sciences Technologies  

Emergency Response. Engineering. Environmental Research. Fuel Cells. Imaging Technology. Material Science. Nanotechnology. Physical Sciences. Sensor ...

320

Chemical Science Technologies - Argonne TDC: Chemistry  

Emergency Response. Engineering. Environmental Research. Fuel Cells. Imaging Technology. Material Science. Nanotechnology. Physical Sciences. Sensor ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotechnology gc5 non-equilibrium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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321

Argonne TDC: Technologies for Homeland Defense  

Emergency Response. Engineering. Environmental Research. Fuel Cells. Imaging Technology. Material Science. Nanotechnology. Physical Sciences. Sensor ...

322

Argonne TDC: Physical Sciences  

Emergency Response. Engineering. Environmental Research. Fuel Cells. Imaging Technology. Material Science. Nanotechnology. Physical Sciences. Sensor ...

323

Argonne TDC: Large-Scale Microchannel Plate Detector  

Emergency Response. Engineering. Environmental Research. Fuel Cells. Imaging Technology. Material Science. Nanotechnology. Physical Sciences. Sensor ...

324

Argonne TDC: Engineering Technologies  

Emergency Response. Engineering. Environmental Research. Fuel Cells. Imaging Technology. Material Science. Nanotechnology. Physical Sciences. Sensor ...

325

Argonne TDC: Fuel Cell Technologies  

Emergency Response. Engineering. Environmental Research. Fuel Cells. Imaging Technology. Material Science. Nanotechnology. Physical Sciences. Sensor ...

326

Argonne TDC: High-Impact Technologies  

Emergency Response. Engineering. Environmental Research. Fuel Cells. Imaging Technology. Material Science. Nanotechnology. Physical Sciences. Sensor ...

327

Argonne TDC: Environmental Technologies  

Emergency Response. Engineering. Environmental Research. Fuel Cells. Imaging Technology. Material Science. Nanotechnology. Physical Sciences. Sensor ...

328

Argonne TDC: Available Technologies  

Emergency Response ; Engineering; Environmental Research ; Fuel Cells; Imaging; Materials Science; Medical and Life Sciences; Nanotechnology; Physical ...

329

Argonne TDC: Materials Technologies Available for Licensing  

Emergency Response. Engineering. Environmental Research. Fuel Cells. Imaging Technology. Material Science. Nanotechnology. Physical Sciences. Sensor ...

330

Argonne TDC: Imaging Technology Portfolios  

Emergency Response. Engineering. Environmental Research. Fuel Cells. Imaging Technology. Material Science. Nanotechnology. Physical Sciences. Sensor ...

331

Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... astrophysics; Bioelectronics; Power electronics; National electrical standards and smart grid metrology; Nanotechnology; ...

2012-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

332

Study of thermal properties of graphene-based structures using the force constant method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The thermal properties of graphene-based materials are theoretically investigated. The fourth-nearest neighbor force constant method for phonon properties is used in conjunction with both the Landauer ballistic and the non-equilibrium Green's function ... Keywords: Force constant method, Graphene, Graphene antidots, Non-equilibrium Green's function, Thermal properties

Hossein Karamitaheri; Neophytos Neophytou; Mahdi Pourfath; Hans Kosina

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

A nanotechnology application for low energy neutral atom detection with high angular resolution for the BepiColombo mission to Mercury  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thanks to the great progress of micro and nanofabrication techniques, only in recent years it has been possible to propose a space flying instrument able of remote-sensing the surface released neutral particles with a direct technique. This instrument, ... Keywords: Electron beam lithography, MEMS, Neutral atoms detection, Time of flight detector

F. Mattioli; S. Cibella; R. Leoni; S. Orsini; A. M. Di Lellis; S. Selci; E. De Angelis; R. Rispoli; A. Mura; A. Milillo

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Systems architecture: A new model for sustainability and the built environment using nanotechnology, biotechnology, information technology, and cognitive science with living technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report details a workshop held at the Bartlett School of Architecture, University College London, to initiate interdisciplinary collaborations for the practice of systems architecture, which is a new model for the generation of sustainable architecture ... Keywords: NBIC, Systems architecture, architecture, embodied complexity, interdisciplinary, living technology

Rachel Armstrong

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

USC TROJAN FAMILY MAGAZINE winter 2006 2928 USC TROJAN FAMILY MAGAZINE spring 2007 POPULAR INTRODUCTIONS to nanotechnology usually crow about the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, explains the physician-researcher who once dreamed of becoming a particle physicist. There is a reason to reach their target cells. Too small, below 10 nm, and the particles vanish into the churn- ing waste-treatment plants of the kidneys and liver. "These things are certainly not tiny like elementary particles," says

Southern California, University of

336

Nanotechnology for Solar-hydrogen Production via Photoelectrochemical Water-splitting: Design, Synthesis, Characterization, and Application of Nanomaterials and Quantum Dots  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen production by water-splitting using solar energy and nanostructure photocatalysts is very promising as a renewable, efficient, environmentally clean technology. The key is to reduce the cost of hydrogen production as well as increase the solar-to-hydrogen conversion efficiency by searching for cost-effective photocatalytic materials. In this dissertation, energy efficiency calculation was carried out based on hydrogen production observation to evaluate the nanomaterials activity. The results are important to gain better understanding of water-splitting reaction mechanism. Design, synthesis, characterization/properties and application of these nanomaterials was the road-map to achieve the research objectives. The design of TiO2 is selected based on unique photocatalytic and photovoltaic properties and high stability in aqueous solution. Various structures of nanocomposites TiO2 were designed according to their characteristics and potential activity. TiO2 with quantum dots, nanocomposites thin film, nanofibers, nanorods, nanowires (core/shell), nanotubes, nanopowders, nanoparticles, and nanosphere decorated with low cost metals, sensitized with dye, and doped with nitrogen are designed. Green physical and chemical synthesis methods such as sol-gel techniques, autoclave, microwave, electrospinning, wet impregnation, hydrothermal, chemical vapor deposition, template-based fabrication (porous anodic aluminium oxide membrane), drop casting, dip coating, wet coating were used to synthesize and fabricate the nanomaterials and quantum dots.Both bottom-up and top-down synthesis techniques were used. The ability to control and manipulate the size, shape/geometry, crystal structure, chemical compositions, interaction and interface properties of these materials at nano-scale during the synthesis enable to enhance their thermal, optical, chemical, electrical, …etc properties. Several characterization techniques such as XRD, XPS, EDS, SEM, UV-visible spectra, and optical microscopic and digital camera were also obtained to characterize the properties and confirm to achieve the desired design. The application or processing to test the activity of these nanomaterials for hydrogen production by water-splitting was conducted through extensive experimental program. It was carried out in a one photo-single column experimental set-up to detect hydrogen evolution. A high throughput screening process to evaluate single photo reduction catalysts was established here for simplicity, safety, cost-effective and flexibility of testing nanomaterials for water photoreduction reactivity and hydrogen generation. Therefore, methanol as electron donor or oxidation agent was mixed with water in equal volume ratio in order to prevent the oxygen evolution and only measured the time course of hydrogen production. The primary objectives of this study is to investigate the following (1) The structure-properties relationship through testing quantum dots, nanocomposites thin film, nanofibers, nanorods, nanowires (core/shell), nanotubes, nanopowders, nanoparticles, nanospheres of TiO2 decorated with metals, dye sensitization, and nitrogen-doping. (2) The role of adding electron donors/relays to solution and their effect on semiconductor surface-electrolyte interface under constant conditions such as KI, Mv 2, NaCl, NaHCO3, sea and pure water. (3) Band gap and defect engineering by cation and anion doping. (4) Quantum dots and dye sensitization effect. The nanomaterials activity evaluated based on observed hydrogen production rate (?mol/h/g) experimentally and based on the energy efficiency (percent) calculation. Major findings in this dissertation are (1) A high throughput screening process to evaluate single photoreduction catalysts for solar-hydrogen production by water-splitting was established. (2) nanofibers structure of TiO2 doped with

Alenzi, Naser D.

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Faculty Handbook -Table of Contents ARCHIVE -Effective: 01 Aug 2007 -14 Jan 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

some of NASA's work in nanotechnology is available online at: http://techtransfer.gsfc.nasa.gov/Nanotechnology-video.html For more information about NASA Goddard's Office of Technology Transfer, please visit: http://techtransfer

Beresnev, Igor

338

Argonne Technology Provides More Rapid Detection of Strontium in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

some of NASA's work in nanotechnology is available online at: http://techtransfer.gsfc.nasa.gov/Nanotechnology-video.html For more information about NASA Goddard's Office of Technology Transfer, please visit: http://techtransfer

Kemner, Ken

339

Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics of Porous Electrodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We reformulate and extend porous electrode theory for non-ideal active materials, including those capable of phase transformations. Using principles of non-equilibrium thermodynamics, we relate the cell voltage, ionic ...

Ferguson, Todd Richard

340

--No Title--  

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I will discuss the possibilities to reveal non-equilibrium states behind merger shock fronts in galaxy clusters from X-ray observations, the 3D temperature structure of...

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341

Thermodynamics with 3 Spins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Glauber dynamics, applied to the one-dimensional Ising model, provides a tractable model for the study of non-equilibrium, many-body processes driven by a heat bath

Eward May; Jack L. Uretsky

2009-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

342

The Rate-Controlled Constrained-Equilibrium Approach to Far-From-Local-Equilibrium Thermodynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Rate-Controlled Constrained-Equilibrium (RCCE) method for the description of the time-dependent behavior of dynamical systems in non-equilibrium states is a general, effective, physically based method for model order ...

Beretta, Gian Paolo

343

Synthesis, Properties and Applications of Noble Metal Nanostructures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

And such non-equilibrium growth process is affected by many factors, such as size ... Improved Field Emission Characteristics of Nano-Structured Carbon Based Thin Films ... Synthesis and Structural Analysis of Nickel-Doped Titanium Dioxide ...

344

Frost & Sullivan's Study on Potential Market for Carbon ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 100 CNT Demand (Tons) Growth Rate ... segment over the forecast period (through 2015). ... Segment Market Analysis and Forecasts - Nanotechnology ...

2012-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

345

05CTE007 nano course flyer.indd  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sep 25, 2005 ... Invest one day and learn about: Basics of Nanotechnology. Introduction to Nanomaterials. Major Nanomanufacturing Processes. Consolidation ...

346

Nano 2007: Technical Program - TMS  

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"The presentations were excellent, good networking and stimulating discussion panels about nanotechnology and commercializing nanomaterials ... This was a  ...

347

Nano 2007: Home Page  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

"The presentations were excellent, good networking and stimulating discussion panels about nanotechnology and commercializing nanomaterials ... This was a  ...

348

Nano 2007: Conference Recap - TMS  

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"The presentations were excellent, good networking and stimulating discussion panels about nanotechnology and commercializing nanomaterials ... This was a  ...

349

Nano 2007: Invited Speakers - TMS  

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"The presentations were excellent, good networking and stimulating discussion panels about nanotechnology and commercializing nanomaterials ... This was a  ...

350

Nano 2007: Meeting Registration  

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"The presentations were excellent, good networking and stimulating discussion panels about nanotechnology and commercializing nanomaterials ... This was a  ...

351

Nano 2007: Networking and Social Events - TMS  

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"The presentations were excellent, good networking and stimulating discussion panels about nanotechnology and commercializing nanomaterials ... This was a  ...

352

Promoting Nanomaterial Manufacturing by Characterizing and ...  

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... The 2011 National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) Environmental, Health, and ... which enable risk assessment and risk management of engineered ...

2013-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

353

Effect of Drying Time and Temperature on the In-plane and Thru ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Nanotechnology for Energy, Environment, Electronics & Industry ... other substrate materials used in electronic and energy storage technologies, ...

354

Antibiofilm Activity of Nanosized Magnesium Fluoride  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2010. Symposium, Surface Properties of Biomaterials. Presentation Title, From Nanotechnology to ...

355

Publications Portal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... S. Bright Abstract: A new derivative of Arizona sand, ISO Medium ... Silicon Carbide Nanostructures: A Tight Binding Approach Topic: Nanotechnology ...

2012-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

356

Optical and Thermal Characterization of Carbon Nanotube Film for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Nanotechnology for Energy, Healthcare and Industry. Presentation Title, Optical and Thermal Characterization of Carbon Nanotube Film for Energy ...

357

Nikki Goldstein  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Focus in nanotechnology includes iron nanoparticle synthesis and characterization for water treatment and alternative energy catalysis applications ...

2012-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

358

Which material properties / features determine the biological ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... carbon nanotube health risks - producing asbestos-like pathology in mice [Poland et al.] ... Poland et al., Nature Nanotechnology, 2008 ...

2013-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

359

Focused Ion Beam Nanofabrication and Characterization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... materials characterization, nanoprototyping, in-situ electrical measurement, TEM ... the-art research in Nanotechnology, Materials and Life Sciences. ...

2013-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

360

Nanoscale Carbon in Metals for Energy Applications  

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About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2011. Symposium, Nanotechnology for Energy, Healthcare and Industry. Presentation Title ...

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361

Response to the Request for Information on the National ...  

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... is very important to Northeast Ohio. ... Additive manufacturing, energy storage, nanotechnology, and ... larger players (companies, universities, politically ...

2012-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

362

Chemical Characterization of Nanomaterial Formulations for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The Nanotechnology Characterization Laboratory (NCL) is a ... National Institutes of Health (NIH). ... infrastructure and characterization services with the ...

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

363

NIST Image Gallery: Browse: Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 2007. Thumbnail, Nanotechnology; Biotechnology/Health; Nanocrystals; Hwang, created 6/21/2004, entered 11/5/2004. ...

364

Fabrication of Gold-Platinum Nanoalloy by High-Intensity Laser ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

After irradiation, absorption peak arise from surface plasmon resonance of gold nanoparticles ... Engineering Shapes in Nanotechnology: Helicity on Demand.

365

2008 Annual Report Visiting Committee on Advanced ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... team working on Nanotechnology environmental health and ... that enhance economic security and improve ... with the Nuclear Regulatory Commission ...

2013-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

366

User Facilities | Argonne National Laboratory  

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instrumentation and infrastructure for interdisciplinary nanoscience and nanotechnology research. The Electron Microscopy Center (EMC) at Argonne National Laboratory...

367

TCP Search Technology  

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Advanced Material Energy Biotechnology & Health Environment Copyrights & Software Nanotechnology Electronics & Instrumentation Full Name Email Address Verification (Not readable?...

368

Argonne Chemical Sciences & Engineering - People - Catalysis...  

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Analytical Materials Chemistry, State University of New York at Binghamton Nanotechnology (nanomaterial synthesis and characterization) Fuel Cell Technology (catalyst...

369

SRNL - Publications & Presentations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Engineering Medicine Metallurgy Meteorology Microbiology Modeling and Simulation Nanotechnology Non-Destructive Testing Nuclear Chemistry Nuclear Energy Nuclear Engineering...

370

Nano 2007: Home Page  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

"The presentations were excellent, good networking and stimulating discussion panels about nanotechnology and commercializing nanomaterials ... This was a

371

Partnering Today: Technology Transfer Highlights Reactive ...  

THE LLNL TECHNOLOGY COMPANY PRODUCT Partnering Today: Technology Transfer Highlights Reactive NanoTechnologies Inc.: Temperature-controlled Precision Bonding

372

Nano 2007: Sponsorship Opportunities - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... active in the rapidly expanding commercial market of nanotechnology. ... display table in exhibit area (includes two chairs, wastebasket, standard electricity) ...

373

Porous MDPE/CNTs (Carbon NanoTubes) composites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2010. Symposium, Nanotechnology for Energy, Healthcare and Industry. Presentation Title ...

374

New Hybrid Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nanotechnology and Future Directions in Petrobras Brazil · Novel Precipitation Hardened Aluminum Alloys for Oilfield Applications: From Research to ...

375

The New Steel Conference Speaker: J. Ullo  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Schlumberger-Doll Research Center in Boston focusing on nanotechnology enabled applications for oil recovery and production, Vice President ...

2013-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

376

NIST THREE-YEAR PROGRAMMATIC PLAN  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... products made with nanotechnology-enhanced electronic chips ... our nation's dependence on foreign oil. ... from response and recovery to proactively ...

2013-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

377

Design Principles Revealed for a New Class of Functional Biomaterials...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

novel materials for potential applications in catalysis, sensors, nanotechnology and renewable energy. Contact Bradley D. Olsen, Massachusetts Institute of Technology,...

378

Materials Technology @ TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 1, 2011... including recent, comprehensive ones from the Center for American ... and Nanotechnology for Solar Energy Collection and Conversion.

379

Was There a Nano-fiction Before There Was a Nano-science? Anticipations of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Was There a Nano-fiction Before There Was a Nano-science? Anticipations of Nanotechnology Is Nano About Nano? Nanotechnology is "development of single-atom layer gizmos that can replicate), 18 June 2003, Features; Times2, 18. Nanotechnology "is nano-sized particles and structures made from

Gaeta, Alexander L.

380

EFf!!$L, . United States Government Department of Energy  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

903-8 149) SJRJECT: The Former Atomic Energy Commission and the Manhattan Engineer District Sites in Dayton, Ohio TO: W . Dennison. GC-5 1 I a m attaching two copies of the...

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381

Space Nanotechnology Laboratory M a s s a c h u s e t t s I n s t i t u t e o f T e c h n o l o g ySNLSNL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(goal system. ! Patterning of gratings Resolution Mirror Assembly (HRMA) Thrusters (4) (105 lb) Low Gain Antenna (2) Aspect Camera Stray Light Shade Imaging Spectrometer (ACIS) Transmission Gratings (2) Solar Array (2) Chandra Telescope Grating (stowed) X

382

Optical Methods for 3-D Nanostructure Metrology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... help enable the cost-effective mass-production of nanotechnology ... focused on patterned semiconductor defect metrology, energy-related materials ...

2013-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

383

TMS e-News: The monthly electronic newsletter for TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In addition to on-line journal access, the site provides a concise overview of the most .... leading corporations, universities, and state nanotechnology initiatives.

384

“Making” Our Future  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... the management of the mix is becoming ... States such as Arizona, Oregon, Ohio, New ... biosciences, nanotechnology, and alternative energy (see Box ...

2013-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

385

EA-1457: Final Environmental Assessment | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Final Environmental Assessment Final Environmental Assessment EA-1457: Final Environmental Assessment Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies at Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico, Sandia Site Office, Kirtland Air Force Base, Albuquerque, New Mexico In 1999, the United States government announced the National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) that included a proposal directed at doubling the nation's investment in nanotechnology to ensure the United States' competitive position in the rapidly developing field of nanotechnology. As part of the NNI, the National Science and Technology Council Interagency Working Group on Nanoscale Science, Engineering, and Technology (IWGN) concluded that research centers would permit activities that cannot be accomplished in the traditional mode of small groups or single

386

Nanocoating Enhanced Optical Fiber Sensors - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Nanotechnology for Energy ... In that time, considerable progress has been made in conception and development of novel fiber-optic configurations ...

387

Two new exhibits open at the Bradbury Science Museum  

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submit Two new exhibits open at the Bradbury Science Museum Nanotechnology and algae biofuels August 1, 2013 Two new exhibits recently opened at the Lab's Bradbury Science...

388

Rapid micro?uidic thermal cycler for polymerase chain reaction ...  

a Mechanical Engineering Department, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521, USA b Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Center for Micro and Nanotechnology, USA

389

The Entire Material Science Archive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Archives, Since January 2005 Table of Contents: Materials Scientist Two Phase Materials Nano-technology Projections Scents in Scented Candles Rubber Band Materials Metallic...

390

Nano 2006: Current Sponsors - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Are you a leader in the area of nanotechnology? Join this select group of companies sponsoring Commercialization of NanoMaterials 2006, for the opportunity ...

391

Carl Zeiss STM AG | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Germany-based, technology developer and solutions provider for the semiconductor and nano-technology industry. Carl Zeiss through its subsidiary is invovled in the solar and...

392

Nano 2006: Sponsorship  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Are you a leader in the area of nanotechnology? Join a select group of companies sponsoring Commercialization of NanoMaterials 2006 for the opportunity to ...

393

Shaffer NIOSH DOE Nano Presentation July 8th.ppt  

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in the Nanotechnology Workplace - 70% of respondents reported either implementing a nano- specific EHS program or providing formal training on the safe handling of...

394

Fermilab's 2008 Nature of Science Symposium  

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Ratner Mark Ratner (Northwestern University) Nano 201: A Gentle Introduction to Nanotechnology and Nanoscience Watch the talk (running time 49:59) While the Greek root nano just...

395

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY * SAVANNAH RIVER ...  

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Boron-structured Nano-proportional Counters for Neutron Detection Scientists at the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) have explored the use of nanotechnology to improve the...

396

Carbon nanotubes : synthesis, characterization, and applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

around Surface-Attached Carbon Nanotubes. Ind. Eng. Chem.the flexural rigidity of carbon nanotube ensembles. AppliedNanotechnology in Carbon Materials. Acta Metallurgica, 1997.

Deck, Christian Peter

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory - SLAC Public Lecture Series  

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happening at the laboratory. From the nanotechnology of diamonds to the latest Higgs Boson discoveries, SLAC public lectures provide non-scientists with a unique insight into...

398

Computationally Probing the Cybotactic Region in Gas-Expanded Liquids.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Gas-expanded liquids (GXLs) are novel and environmentally benign solvent systems with applications in reactions, separations, nanotechnology, drug delivery, and microelectronics. GXLs are liquid mixtures consisting… (more)

Shukla, Charu L.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Nanomaterials Environmental Health and Safety  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Year after year, global spending on nanotechnology research and development (R&D) has ratcheted upward—to more than $13 billion in 2008. ...

2010-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

400

Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600  

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October 8, 2010 11:00am Iran Thomas Auditorium, 8600 Growth and interface properties of oxide heterostructures Guus Rijnders MESA+ Institute for Nanotechnology University of...

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401

Catelectric Corp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

a technology for controlling the type and number of catalytic sites in a fuel cell or other system, through nanotechnology. References Catelectric Corp1 LinkedIn...

402

Academic Career Paths adapted from slides by  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

will be the first of your gender, social, or ethnic background · Department demographics · Department poised with added interests in bioengineering, nanotechnology, energy, sensors, infrastructure, and geoenvironmental

Mountziaris, T. J.

403

TMS e-News: The monthly electronic newsletter for TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... (EPA) has issued a draft Nanotechnology White Paper as a self-described road map. ... Electrochemical double-layer capacitors, or supercapacitors, have ...

404

Fermilab Today  

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Feature Former summer intern helps boost nanotechnology Federico Capasso and Mariano Zimmler of the Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences. Image courtesy of...

405

The Role of Advanced Instrumentation in Assessing the ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... nanotechnology-based consumer products are currently entering the market at ... Gadolinium-doped Ceria Impregnated Ni Anode for Low Temperature SOFC.

406

NEMS Measurement Science  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... approximately one third of all nanotechnology R&D [1] and ... will focus on the measurement science needed for ... this work, all of these results will be ...

2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

407

2010 Worlds Best Technology Showcase (3/10)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... and entrepreneurs that can result in the ... Sr Advisor for Nanotechnology, National Science Foundation. ... Initiative long-term R&D vision formulated at ...

2011-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

408

View  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Red Herring Dec 2001. “ Nanotechnology is the understanding and control of matter at dimensions of roughly 1 to. 100 nanometers, where unique phenomena .

409

Categorical Exclusion Determination Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

(0674-1542) Sila Nanotechnologies Inc. - Doubling the Energy Density of Lithium-Ion Batteries for Transportation Program or Field Office:Advanced Research Projects Agency -...

410

Center for Nanoscale Science and Technology Homepage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... the US nanotechnology enterprise from discovery to production by providing ... A Step Towards Energy-Efficient Voltage Control of Magnetic Devices. ...

2013-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

411

Bio-modified nanocrystals with mega-releaseable fluorophores for ultra-sensitive biomolecules detection.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??xxiii, 152 leaves : ill. (some col.) ; 30 cm HKUST Call Number: Thesis CHEM 2008 Sin Advances in nanotechnology have significant impacts in the… (more)

Sin, King Keung

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Tennessee | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

December 21, 2012 Graphene has properties that could possibly open up the next generation on nanotechnology. | Photo courtesy of Oak Ridge National Lab Lasting Gifts From Carbon...

413

Session IV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 9, 2012 ... Nanotechnology for Energy, Environment, Healthcare and Industry .... for In Vivo Detection of Dysplasia: Yizheng Zhu1; 1Duke University

414

Manual  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CINT SNL Center for Integrated Nanotechnology CNM ANL Center for Nanoscience Materials DOE U.S. Department of Energy DOT Department of Transportation EM Office of Environmental...

415

M. Meyyappan and Cattien V. Nguyen NASA Ames Research ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. M. Meyyappan and Cattien V. Nguyen NASA Ames Research Center ... Si3N4 on Silicon substrate Nguyen et al., Nanotechnology, 2001, Vol. ...

416

Minhua Zhao  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... in polymer composites via quantitative electric force microscopy, M. Zhao, X. Gu, SE Lowther, C. Park, YC Jean, and T. Nguyen, Nanotechnology 21 ...

2013-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

417

MnBi Permanent Magnets via Spark Erosion - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Author(s), Ami Berkowitz, Sungho Jin, Phi-Khanh Nguyen. On-Site Speaker ... [2] P. K. Nguyen, et al., Nanotechnology, 23, 415604 (2012). Proceedings ...

418

Reply to comment | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

RSS feed, Widget and Alerts. * Featured Searches and Featured Search Archive (i.e. biofuels, nanotechnology, lithium batteries...) * Gateway to Following Resources: * DOE R&D...

419

Nanoscale Mechanics by Contact Resonance Atomic Force ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... mechanical tests (eg tensile tests observed inside a ... CR-AFM requires no additional testing device or ... 109, 929, 2009), AlN NTs (Nanotechnology 20 ...

2013-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

420

Arrowhead Research Corporation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Zip 91106 Product Diversified nanotechnology company focusing on electronics, life sciences, and energy products. References Arrowhead Research Corporation1 LinkedIn...

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421

Shape Matters in the Case of Cobalt Nanoparticles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... one of nanotechnology's microscopes of choice. After a few minutes' exposure to the illuminating beam of a transmission electron microscope, the ...

2013-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

422

Session IV - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 20, 2011 ... Nanotechnology for Energy, Healthcare and Industry : Session IV ... and at conferences for economic development and job creation through ...

423

Plasma ion sources and ion beam technology in microfabrications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and focused ion beam milling cathodic Nanotechnology” 16 (of FIB imaging, milling and deposition………………….45 1.2.3.2. Milling………………………………………………………………..5 1.2.3.3.

Ji, Lili

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Nanowire-based Sensors Offer Improved Detection of Volatile ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Highly selective GaN-nanowire/TiO2-nanocluster hybrid sensors for detection of benzene and related environment pollutants. Nanotechnology. ...

2012-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

425

Microsoft Word - Final formatted Nano-Vol_II-Field_Reports.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and Safety Plan CINT SNL Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies CIS SNL Chemical Inventory System CMS Chemical Management System CNM ANL Center for Nanoscience Materials CNMS...

426

U.S.A.I.D. Higher Education Summit for Global Development | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of cutting-edge technologies like supercomputing, nanotechnology, advanced nuclear reactor technologies, and fusion energy. By making a substantial investment in...

427

Washington Post Energy Conference Presented by Areva | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

money for serious science in areas like supercomputing, nanotechnology, advanced nuclear reactor technologies, and fusion energy. The results may not be seen for decades, but the...

428

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Download CX-002666: Categorical Exclusion Determination Plasma Based Nanotechnology Research and Development Laboratory CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 06032010...

429

Berkeley Lab A to Z Index: N  

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Nanotechnology: Technology Transfer National Center for Electron Microscopy (NCEM) National Health Survey Necessary & Sufficient Closure Process Leading to Work Smart Standards...

430

Visitor Information Services  

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Residence s, under constructi on School of Engineering Center Nanotechnology Building, under construction Li Ka Shing Center Stanford Institutes of Medicine, under construction...

431

The Molecular Foundry  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

origami has proven to be an invaluable platform for exploring the potential of DNA nanotechnology. However, to move from research tool to manufacturing technology, a number of...

432

New Crystal Structures Lift Fog around Protein Folding  

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Lift Fog around Protein Folding Print Nature's proteins set a high bar for nanotechnology. Macromolecules forged from peptide chains of amino acids, these biomolecular...

433

Office of Worker Safety and Health Policy - 29 C.F.R 1910.1200...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Contractor Substance Abuse Program Chemical Safety Program Emerging Technology: Nanotechnology BioSafety ErgoEaser Functions, Responsibilities and Authorities (FRA) Integrated...

434

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

results. Download CX-002666: Categorical Exclusion Determination Plasma Based Nanotechnology Research and Development Laboratory CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 06032010...

435

NETL: LabNotes - June 2007  

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platinum. NETL researchers are making important contributions to the growing nanotechnology field. Researchers in the Chemistry and Surface Science Division in the Office of...

436

From Emerging to Mainstream: The Growth of the Global Clean Energy...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

National Laboratory Argonne National Laboratory Scientists Invent Breakthrough Technique in Nanotechnology New Report Charts Dynamic, Steady Growth of the U.S. Solar Jobs Market...

437

Energy Technologies  

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Advanced sensors through laser ablation and ultrasonics; advanced materials and nanotechnology for clean energy. Batteries and Fuel Cells Buildings Energy Efficiency Electricity...

438

Mimicking Nature  

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economy. Their work spurs advances in energy production, environmental cleanup, nanotechnology, new materials and medicine. Tools for Discovery Research at SSRL has improved the...

439

EA-1441: Finding of No Significant Impact | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Foundry would be a resource for DOE's participation in the National Nanotechnology Initiative. Finding of No Significant Impact Construction and Operation of the...

440

Using Light to Clean Up the Environment: Photocatalysis, Surface...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Using Light to Clean Up the Environment: Photocatalysis, Surface Science, Nanotechnology and Novel Materials for Environmental Protection Speaker(s): Alexander Orlov Date: March...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotechnology gc5 non-equilibrium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

NETL: LabNotes - September 2012  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

September 2012 Transforming Energy Technologies with Nanomaterials Nanotechnology is the manipulation of matter on an atomic and molecular scale, generally with materials and...

442

The Molecular Foundry  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Auditorium View the Foundry Seminar Schedule Abstract: Advances in nanoscience and nanotechnology depend critically on the development of increasingly complex nanostructures with...

443

BNL | CFN: Electron Microscopy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and chemistry at the atomic scale is crucial to modern materials science and nanotechnology. Advanced electron microscopy can provide the fundamental knowledge that will...

444

State College Area High School From State College, PA Wins DOE...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

system that will lead the way in innovations including high-end computing, nanotechnology, biotechnology, energy sources, and other material science research. The American...

445

Jeffrey Allen Nichols | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

computing in priority areas such as climate change, fusion energy, nanotechnology, and biotechnology. The Leadership Computing Facility hosts several of the world's...

446

Albany, OR * Anchorage, AK * Morgantown...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

beneficial partnerships with industry, entrepreneurs, and other agencies. From nanotechnology and computer modeling to bench-scale testing and large-scale industrial process...

447

The Molecular Foundry - Nanofabrication - Publications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

10 nm half-pitch by atomic layer deposition enabled spacer double patterning," Nanotechnology 24 105303 (2013). DOI:10.10880957-44842410105303 pdf A. Polyakov, C. Senft,...

448

PNNL: Breakthroughs Magazine - Winter 2000-2001  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0-2001 issue Spotlight on nanotechnology Breakthroughs Magazine Breakthroughs Archive In this issue... Cover Editor's Screen Contents At A Glance Special Report (cover story)...

449

Microsoft Word - cv_Raffaella Buonsanti.docx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EDUCATION University of Salento, Lecce, Italy PhD in Nanoscience at the National Nanotechnology Laboratory 2010 Thesis: "Colloidal nanocrystals and nanocrystal heterostructures...

450

USDOE, Office of Scientific and Technical Information  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Widget and Alerts. Featured Searches and Featured Search Archive (i.e. biofuels, nanotechnology, lithium batteries...) Gateway to Following Resources: DOE R&D Accomplishments,...

451

--No Title--  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

14, 2012 NETL-Supported Nanotechnology Benefits Transportation, Energy Sectors Erosion-Resistant Coating for Compressor Blades Saves Fuel, Lowers Costs Morgantown, W.Va. - The...

452

NERSC/DOE BES Requirements Workshop Worksheet - Normand Modine  

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Modine BES Requirements Worksheet 1.1. Project Information - Center for Integrated Nanotechnology (CINT) - Theory and Simulation Thrust Document Prepared By Normand Modine Project...

453

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory - SLAC, Stanford Materials...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

electronics and other applications. A paper published online this week in Nature Nanotechnology describes how they combined two previously known topological insulators to create...

454

The Molecular Foundry  

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applications " Prof. Efrat Lifshitz, Schulich Faculty of Chemistry, Russell Berrie Nanotechnology Institute, Solid State Institute, Technion, Haifa, Israel July 31, 2012 @ 11:00...

455

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory - X-ray Laser Explores New...  

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DNA Building Blocks By Glenn Roberts Jr. March 11, 2013 The founding father of DNA nanotechnology - a field that forges tiny geometric building blocks from DNA strands - recently...

456

About the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource | Stanford...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and leads to major advances in energy production, environmental remediation, nanotechnology, new materials and medicine. SSRL also provides unique educational experiences and...

457

New Jersey | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

June 3, 2010 CX-002666: Categorical Exclusion Determination Plasma Based Nanotechnology Research and Development Laboratory CX(s) Applied: B3.6 Date: 06032010...

458

U.S. and EU Unite to Strengthen Economic Integration and Boost...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and agreed to support innovation in areas such as health-related industries, nanotechnology and automotives. Participants further discussed a range of other critical economic...

459

Nanomaterials Discovery Corporation NDC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Corporation (NDC) Place Laramie, Wyoming Zip WY 82072 Sector Carbon Product NDC's nanotechnology development efforts are focused on fuel cell technologies, rechargeable battery...

460

TransForum v6n1 - Market-Ready Hydrogen Sensor Promises "Ultra...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

sensors discovered at Argonne are true examples of a ready-for-market product of nanotechnology. "Our discovery is an enabling technology that will provide a fundamental safety...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotechnology gc5 non-equilibrium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Nanoparticles: Synthesis, Monte Carlo Simulation and Application...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Contact: Samuel Mao Venkat Srinivasan Nanoparticles are building blocks for nanotechnology and have been widely exploited for various applications. Numerous methods have...

462

Alexander Orlov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

University This Speaker's Seminars Using Light to Clean Up the Environment: Photocatalysis, Surface Science, Nanotechnology and Novel Materials for Environmental Protection...

463

Microsoft Word - Vilas Pol_ANL_CV.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Laboratory. Jan. 2005 - Dec. 2006. Postdoctoral Fellow, Bar-Ilan Institute of Nanotechnology and Advanced Materials, Israel. Education * Ph. D. Center for Advanced Materials...

464

NEWTON, Ask a Scientist at Argonne National Labs  

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can benefit society. Burr holds a PhD in chemical engineering, and specializes in nanotechnology, advanced materials, and biotechnology. He is also an active volunteer in youth...

465

Journal  

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Electrochemical Society Reductive Degradation of Organic Compounds Using Microbial Nanotechnology Ashley Johnson, a,d Giorvanni Merilis, a,e Jason Hastings, b, M. Elizabeth...

466

Misun Min | Argonne National Laboratory  

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accurate modeling for solving petascale-enabled problems in accelerator physics, nanotechnology-based applications, and lattice Boltzmann fluid simulations. Numerical techniques...

467

Cryonics  

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NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: Do you think that with the progress in nanotechnology and cryonic preservation techniques that it will be possible to bring a...

468

NETL: News Release - NETL Joins Forces with Medical School to...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

March 20, 2007 NETL Joins Forces with Medical School to Develop CO2 Sorbents A nanotechnology currently used to prevent infection in medical implants and to prepare microcapsules...

469

X-rays and Neutrons: Essential Tools for Nanoscience Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

on Nanoscale Science, Engineering and Technology (NSET) and the National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI). Go To Top Summary Virtually all of the grand challenges in...

470

Nanosys Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

search Name Nanosys Inc Place Palo Alto, California Zip CA 94304 Product Nanotechnology company developing products based on a technology platform incorporating high...

471

Research | Argonne National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Division focus on research that addresses grand challenges in nanoscience and nanotechnology and advances the division's user mission. Further, we are exploring ways to tailor...

472

2008-09 Stanford University Parking and Circulation Map  

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Residences, under construction School of Engineering Center Nanotechnology Building, under construction Li Ka Shing Center Stanford Institutes of Medicine, under construction...

473

EMSL: Science: Nanoscience  

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Read or print the Nanoscience at EMSL brochure. At EMSL, nanoscience and nanotechnology play a critical, crosscutting role in the mission to integrate experimental and...

474

The Molecular Foundry  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Seminar Schedule Abstract: The intriguing prospects of molecular electronics, nanotechnology, biomaterials, and the aim to close the gap between synthetic and biological...

475

Robinson-110112 - Argonne National Laboratories, Materials Sicence...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MATERIALS SCIENCE COLLOQUIUM SPEAKER: PROF. IAN ROBINSON London Centre for Nanotechnology University College London, Research Complex at Harwell, Oxford TITLE: "Ultrafast...

476

Assembling Nanoparticles the Easy DNA-Way | Advanced Photon Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

that the tools shrink along with the item being downsized. So it is in nanotechnology, which is the future of biomedical applications, electronics, and nearly every...

477

OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Informatio...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

including smart devices. Read more... Travel through DOE databases; find emerging nanotechnology devices Quantum dots - small semiconducting nanocrystals (Image: ANL) Published by...

478

Nanometrology of delignified Populus using mode synthesizing...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article. 2011 Nanotechnology 22 465702 (http:iopscience.iop.org0957-44842246465702) Download details: IP...

479

IP Webcast Brochure - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

“Protection of Novel Materials Used in Nanotechnology Inventions”. Presenter: Christopher Paradies, Ph.D. Fowler White Boggs Banker. “Patenting Alloys and.

480

National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) 2007 Research Review  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This 24-page document focuses on NREL's technology transfer activities for solar cells, hydrogen production, biofuels, nanotechnology, lithium batteries, grid integration, and building technologies.

Not Available

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotechnology gc5 non-equilibrium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Application of ZnO Nanowires for Energy Harvesting Technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The electric energy from ZnO nanowire can also be stored to power light emitting diode. This nanotechnology demonstrated with ZnO nanowires implies feasible ...

482

Reply to comment | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

searches on the term "nanotechnology", the WorldWideScience.org interface sends the query to the 32 source databases, which independently run this search and begin returning...

483

Slide13 | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

searches on the term "nanotechnology", the WorldWideScience.org interface sends the query to the 32 source databases, which independently run this search and begin returning...

484

EA-1457: Final Environmental Assessment | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EA-1457: Final Environmental Assessment Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies at Sandia National LaboratoriesNew Mexico, Sandia Site Office, Kirtland Air Force Base,...

485

NREL: Technology Transfer - DOE Announces Nanomanufacturing ...  

Other nano-developments that yield energy and carbon benefits. The purpose of these nanotechnologies is to reduce energy and carbon intensity in ...

486

Anodization of Aluminum-Titanium Alloys for Solar Cell Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Anodization of Aluminum-Titanium Alloys for Solar Cell ... Migration of Nanotechnology from Laboratory to Market Place: Arci Experience.

487

Industrial Physics Forum: Innovation Infrastructure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... the latest research at NIST in areas such as public safety and security, nanotechnology, and biosystems and health, and will include laboratory tours ...

2013-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

488

Recipient: 2009 Mehl Award  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Herbert Gleiter is the director of the Institute of Nanotechnology Research Center in Karlsruhe, Germany. He has championed the development of nanostructural ...

489

Ravi Prasher  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

patents in the area of thermoelectrics, thermal interface materials, microchannels, heat pipes and nanotechnology. Ravi is an Associate Editor of Nanoscale and Microscale...

490

Nano 2006: Home Page - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Producing Results in Nanotechnology Today. The potential for commercial development of nanomaterials exists now. This conference, held in a region with a ...

491

Graphene and its Hybrid Nanostructures for Nanoelectronics and Energy Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

modification of graphene. Advanced Materials, 2008. 20 (16):S. Novoselov. The rise of graphene. Nature Materials, 2007.transport in suspended graphene. Nature Nanotechnology,

LIN, JIAN

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Publications Portal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Distribution and Retention of ^u137^Cs in Sediments at the Hanford Site, Washington Topic: Nanotechnology Published: 9/1/2001 Authors: JP ...

2012-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

493

NERSC-ScienceHighlightSlidesMarch2012.ppt  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Markowitz, LBNL) Materials Calculations explain "designer" piezoelectric effects in graphene; could yield dramatic degree of control in nanotechnology (E. Reed, Stanford) Climate...

494

CFN | Video Library  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for Academia and High Tech Industry. 357 Chee Wei Wong Ultrafast Dynamics in Graphene & Nanomaterials Joint Workshop on Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Opportunities for...

495

Tennessee | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Manhattan Project-era superstructure is disappearing quickly. December 21, 2012 Graphene has properties that could possibly open up the next generation on nanotechnology. |...

496

NIST Jeeseong Hwang  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... serving on a steering committee of the IEEE-Nanotechnology Conference in 2010, a program committee of the annual SPIE BiOS convention since ...

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Sandia National Labs: PCNSC: Research: Science-based Solutions...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

optoelectronic devices that utilizes compound semiconductor material, e.g. GaNAlGaN High Electron Mobility Transistors. Integrated Nanotechnology Platforms IBL QASPR -...

498

Member Views of Materials News  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dec 8, 2009 ... The ability to tune transmission offers possible "smart" windows that offer energy savings. Nanotechnology continues to flourish in the ...

499

Summary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Institute • Companies could pledge equity funding • NNMI ... Models for co-investment: • The National Nanotechnology ... IMIs could offer a tax rebate ...

2012-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

500

Biofuel: a comparative case study .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This project analyzes the governments role in the commercialization of biofuel by comparing biofuel commercialization efforts to those of nuclear power and nanotechnology commercialization. The… (more)

Carter, Kasey

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z