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1

Nanotechnology  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Department of Energy's Nanotechnology Safety provides a forum for the exchange of best practices, lessons learned, and guidance in the area of nanotechnology safety and health management.

2

Nanotechnology  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the Contributions andData andFleetEngineering OfSilica forNanotechnology

3

Local non-equilibrium thermodynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Local Shannon entropy lies at the heart of modern thermodynamics, with much discussion of trajectory-dependent entropy production. When taken at both boundaries of a process in phase space, it reproduces the second law of thermodynamics over a finite time interval for small scale systems. However, given that entropy is an ensemble property, it has never been clear how one can assign such a quantity locally. Given such a fundamental omission in our knowledge, we construct a new ensemble composed of trajectories reaching an individual microstate, and show that locally defined entropy, information, and free energy are properties of the ensemble, or trajectory-independent true thermodynamic potentials. We find that the Boltzmann-Gibbs distribution and Landauer's principle can be generalized naturally as properties of the ensemble, and that trajectory-free state functions of the ensemble govern the exact mechanism of non-equilibrium relaxation.

Jinwoo, Lee

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Non-equilibrium many body dynamics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Riken BNL Research Center Symposium on Non-Equilibrium Many Body Physics was held on September 23-25, 1997 as part of the official opening ceremony of the Center at Brookhaven National Lab. A major objective of theoretical work at the center is to elaborate on the full spectrum of strong interaction physics based on QCD, including the physics of confinement and chiral symmetry breaking, the parton structure of hadrons and nuclei, and the phenomenology of ultra-relativistic nuclear collisions related to the up-coming experiments at RHIC. The opportunities and challenges of nuclear and particle physics in this area naturally involve aspects of the many body problem common to many other fields. The aim of this symposium was to find common theoretical threads in the area of non-equilibrium physics and modern transport theories. The program consisted of invited talks on a variety topics from the fields of atomic, condensed matter, plasma, astrophysics, cosmology, and chemistry, in addition to nuclear and particle physics. Separate abstracts have been indexed into the database for contributions to this workshop.

Creutz, M.; Gyulassy, M.

1997-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

5

Non--Equilibrium Blunt Body Flow 1 Analysis of NonEquilibrium, Hypersonic Blunt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Non--Equilibrium Blunt Body Flow 1 Analysis of Non­Equilibrium, Hypersonic Blunt Body Flow streamline quantities and the stagnation point heat transfer in hypersonic flows about spheres or cylinders, as two-- dimensional hypersonic flows about spheres or cylinders exhibit an approximate local similarity

6

Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics of Spacetime  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It has previously been shown that the Einstein equation can be derived from the requirement that the Clausius relation dS = dQ/T hold for all local acceleration horizons through each spacetime point, where dS is one quarter the horizon area change in Planck units, and dQ and T are the energy flux across the horizon and Unruh temperature seen by an accelerating observer just inside the horizon. Here we show that a curvature correction to the entropy that is polynomial in the Ricci scalar requires a non-equilibrium treatment. The corresponding field equation is derived from the entropy balance relation dS =dQ/T+dS_i, where dS_i is a bulk viscosity entropy production term that we determine by imposing energy-momentum conservation. Entropy production can also be included in pure Einstein theory by allowing for shear viscosity of the horizon.

Christopher Eling; Raf Guedens; Ted Jacobson

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Lithium-ion battery modeling using non-equilibrium thermodynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The focus of this thesis work is the application of non-equilibrium thermodynamics in lithium-ion battery modeling. As the demand for higher power and longer lasting batteries increases, the search for materials suitable ...

Ferguson, Todd R. (Todd Richard)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Nanotechnology & Nanobiotechnology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Nanotechnology & Nanobiotechnology (Global Science, Engineering and Business Perspectives) by G of nanotechnology and nanobiotechnology and their global scientific and business prospects. · My research on design building blocks and their applications in science, engineering and health. What is nanotechnology

Kostic, Milivoje M.

9

Energy-exchange stochastic models for non-equilibrium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Non-equilibrium steady states are subject to intense investigations but still poorly understood. For instance, the derivation of Fourier law in Hamiltonian systems is a problem that still poses several obstacles. In order to investigate non-equilibrium systems, stochastic models of energy-exchange have been introduced and they have been used to identify universal properties of non-equilibrium. In these notes, after a brief review of the problem of anomalous transport in 1-dimensional Hamiltonian systems, some boundary-driven interacting random systems are considered and the "duality approach" to their rigorous mathematical treatment is reviewed. Duality theory, of which a brief introduction is given, is a powerful technique to deal with Markov processes and interacting particle systems. The content of these notes is mainly based on the papers [10, 11, 12].

Chiara Franceschini; Cristian Giardina

2014-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

10

DSMC predictions of non-equilibrium reaction rates.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A set of Direct Simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) chemical-reaction models recently proposed by Bird and based solely on the collision energy and the vibrational energy levels of the species involved is applied to calculate nonequilibrium chemical-reaction rates for atmospheric reactions in hypersonic flows. The DSMC non-equilibrium model predictions are in good agreement with theoretical models and experimental measurements. The observed agreement provides strong evidence that modeling chemical reactions using only the collision energy and the vibrational energy levels provides an accurate method for predicting non-equilibrium chemical-reaction rates.

Gallis, Michail A.; Bond, Ryan Bomar; Torczynski, John Robert

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Steady quantum coherence in non-equilibrium environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the steady state of a three-level system in contact with a non-equilibrium environment, which is composed of two independent heat baths at different temperatures. We derive a master equation to describe the non-equilibrium process of the system. For the three level systems with two dipole transitions, i.e., the $\\Lambda$-type and V-type, we find that the interferences of two transitions in a non-equilibrium environment can give rise to non-vanishing steady quantum coherence, namely, there exist non-zero off-diagonal terms in the steady state density matrix (in the energy representation). Moreover, the non-vanishing off-diagonal terms increase with the temperature difference of the two heat baths. Such interferences of the transitions were usually omitted by secular approximation, for it was usually believed that they only take effect in short time behavior and do not affect the steady state. Here we show that, in non-equilibrium systems, such omission would lead to the neglect of the steady quantum coherence.

Sheng-Wen Li; C. Y. Cai; C. P. Sun

2014-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

12

Non-equilibrium Condensation Process in a Holographic Superconductor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the non-equilibrium condensation process in a holographic superconductor. When the temperature T is smaller than a critical temperature T_c, there are two black hole solutions, the Reissner-Nordstrom-AdS black hole and a black hole with a scalar hair. In the boundary theory, they can be regarded as the supercooled normal phase and the superconducting phase, respectively. We consider perturbations on supercooled Reissner-Nordstrom-AdS black holes and study their non-linear time evolution to know about physical phenomena associated with rapidly-cooled superconductors. We find that, for Tsuperconducting order parameter. Finally, we study the time evolution of event and apparent horizons and discuss their correspondence with the entropy of the boundary theory. Our result gives a first step toward the holographic understanding of the non-equilibrium process in superconductors.

Keiju Murata; Shunichiro Kinoshita; Norihiro Tanahashi

2010-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

13

Non-equilibrium thermodynamics approach to open quantum systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Open quantum systems are studied from the thermodynamical point of view unifying the principle of maximum informational entropy and the hypothesis of relaxation times hierarchy. The result of the unification is a non-Markovian and local in time master equation that provides a direct connection of dynamical and thermodynamical properties of open quantum systems. The power of the approach is illustrated with the application to the damped harmonic oscillator and the damped driven two-level system resulting in analytical expressions for the non-Markovian and non-equilibrium entropy and inverse temperature.

Vitalii Semin; Francesco Petruccione

2014-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

14

Non-equilibrium Statistical Approach to Friction Models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A geometric approach to the friction phenomena is presented. It is based on the holographic view which has recently been popular in the theoretical physics community. We see the system in one-dimension-higher space. The heat-producing phenomena are most widely treated by using the non-equilibrium statistical physics. We take 2 models of the earthquake. The dissipative systems are here formulated from the geometric standpoint. The statistical fluctuation is taken into account by using the (generalized) Feynman's path-integral.

Shoichi Ichinose

2014-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

15

Ethanol reforming in non-equilibrium plasma of glow discharge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The results of a detailed kinetic study of the main plasma chemical processes in non-equilibrium ethanol/argon plasma are presented. It is shown that at the beginning of the discharge the molecular hydrogen is mainly generated in the reaction of ethanol H-abstraction. Later hydrogen is formed from active H, CH2OH and CH3CHOH and formaldehyde. Comparison with experimental data has shown that the used kinetic mechanism predicts well the concentrations of main species at the reactor outlet.

Levko, D

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Is Soret equilibrium a non-equilibrium effect?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent thermophoretic experiments on colloidal suspensions revived an old debate, namely whether the Soret effect is properly described by thermostatics, or necessarily requires non-equilibrium thermodynamics. Based on colloidal transport theory and the entropy production of the related viscous flow, our analysis leads to the conclusion that the equilibrium approach may work for small ions, yet fails for colloidal particles and polymers. Regarding binary molecular mixtures, our results shed some doubt on the validity of thermostatic approaches that derive the Soret coefficient from equilibrium potentials.

Alois Wrger

2014-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

17

Non-Equilibrium Conformal Field Theories with Impurities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a construction of non-equilibrium steady states within conformal field theory. These states sustain energy flows between two quantum systems, initially prepared at different temperatures, whose dynamical properties are represented by two, possibly different, conformal field theories connected through an impurity. This construction relies on a real time formulation of conformal defect dynamics based on a field scattering picture parallelizing - but yet different from - the Euclidean formulation. We present the basic characteristics of this formulation and give an algebraic construction of the real time scattering maps that we illustrate in the case of SU(2)-based conformal field theories.

D. Bernard; B. Doyon; J. Viti

2015-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

18

Multiple temperature kinetic model and gas-kinetic method for hypersonic non-equilibrium flow computations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multiple temperature kinetic model and gas-kinetic method for hypersonic non-equilibrium flow. For the non-equilibrium flow computations, i.e., the nozzle flow and hypersonic rarefied flow over flat plate-kinetic method; Hypersonic and rarefied flows 1. Introduction The development of aerospace technology has

Xu, Kun

19

Nanotechnology Needs Assessment What is Nanotechnology?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;1 Nanotechnology Needs Assessment What is Nanotechnology? The term nanomaterial technically are the inhabitants. Nanotechnology, then, is the design, characterization, production and application of structures, physical, and chemical reactivity is known as "bottom-up" production.2 Nanotechnology is a growing field

Lewis, Robert Michael

20

PA Regional Nanotechnology Conference Nanotechnology for Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

4/19/2011 Present PA Regional Nanotechnology Conference Nanotechnology for Industry May 31, 2011 9 _____________________________________________________________ _____________The field of nanotechnology continues to be one of the leading forces behind our nation's ability to develop, commercialize, and produce advancements that are enabled by nanotechnology. Therefore, Drexel

Gilchrist, James F.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotechnology gc5 non-equilibrium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

NANOTECHNOLOGY Shortstraws  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NANOTECHNOLOGY Shortstraws Nano Lett. doi:10.1021/nl061786n (2006) An approach to building complex and a few micrometres long. They produced an assortment of composite structures: some with a hollow polymer these structures by filling their hollow parts with a conducting polymer. EVOLUTIONARY GENETICS Onesmallhopforagene

Cai, Long

22

Strongly interacting Fermi gases : non-equilibrium dynamics and dimensional crossover  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experiments using ultracold atomic gases address fundamental problems in many-body physics. This thesis describes experiments on strongly-interacting gases of fermionic atoms, with a focus on non-equilibrium physics and ...

Sommer, Ariel T. (Ariel Tjodolv)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

PHYSICS OF FLUIDS 26, 052001 (2014) Capturing non-equilibrium phenomena in rarefied  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PHYSICS OF FLUIDS 26, 052001 (2014) Capturing non-equilibrium phenomena in rarefied polyatomic: 142.104.86.60 On: Mon, 05 May 2014 20:27:14 #12;052001-2 B. Rahimi and H. Struchtrup Phys. Fluids 26

Struchtrup, Henning

24

The Application of Dynamic Nuclear Polarization Enhanced NMR to Non-Equilibrium Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) yields remarkably detailed structural information about virtually any molecule. However, its application to non-equilibrium systems is hampered by a lack of sensitivity. To increase the amount of signal that can...

Bowen, Sean Michael

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

25

Note: Local thermal conductivities from boundary driven non-equilibrium molecular dynamics simulations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report non-equilibrium molecular dynamics simulations of heat transport in models of molecular fluids. We show that the local thermal conductivities obtained from non-equilibrium molecular dynamics simulations agree within numerical accuracy with equilibrium Green-Kubo computations. Our results support the local equilibrium hypothesis for transport properties. We show how to use the local dependence of the thermal gradients to quantify the thermal conductivity of molecular fluids for a wide range of thermodynamic states using a single simulation.

Bresme, F., E-mail: f.bresme@imperial.ac.uk [Department of Chemistry, Chemical Physics Section, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Department of Chemistry, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim (Norway); Armstrong, J., E-mail: j.armstrong@imperial.ac.uk [Department of Chemistry, Chemical Physics Section, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom)

2014-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

26

The unreasonable effectiveness of equilibrium-like theory for interpreting non-equilibrium experiments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There has been great interest in applying the results of statistical mechanics to single molecule experiements. Recent work has highlighted so-called non-equilibrium work-energy relations and Fluctuation Theorems which take on an equilibrium-like (time independent) form. Here I give a very simple heuristic example where an equilibrium result (the barometric law for colloidal particles) arises from theory describing the {\\em thermodynamically} non-equilibrium phenomenon of a single colloidal particle falling through solution due to gravity. This simple result arises from the fact that the particle, even while falling, is in {\\em mechanical} equilibrium (gravitational force equal the viscous drag force) at every instant. The results are generalized by appeal to the central limit theorem. The resulting time independent equations that hold for thermodynamically non-equilibrium (and even non-stationary) processes offer great possibilities for rapid determination of thermodynamic parameters from single molecule experiments.

R. Dean Astumian

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Nanotechnology Commercialization in Oregon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nanotechnology Commercialization in Oregon February 27, 2012 Portland State University Physics Seminar Robert D. "Skip" Rung President and Executive Director #12;2 Nanotechnology Commercialization on "green" nanotechnology and gap fund portfolio company examples #12;3 Goals of the National Nanotechnology

Moeck, Peter

28

Non-equilibrium solidification and ferrite in d-TRIP steel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Non-equilibrium solidification and ferrite in d-TRIP steel H. L. Yi1 , S. K. Ghosh1 , W. J. Liu1, designed on the basis of equilibrium to contain substantial amounts of d-ferrite, reveal zero or much transformation of d-ferrite into austenite occurs without the required partitioning of solutes

Cambridge, University of

29

Thermal recovery from a fractured medium in local thermal non-equilibrium Rachel Geleta,b,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

effective stress is tensile near the injection well, illustrating the thermal contraction of the rock, whileThermal recovery from a fractured medium in local thermal non-equilibrium Rachel Geleta, Australia Abstract Thermal recovery from a hot dry rock reservoir viewed as a deformable fractured medium

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

30

Small angle neutron scattering (SANS) under non-equilibrium conditions R. C. Oberthr  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

663 Small angle neutron scattering (SANS) under non-equilibrium conditions R. C. Oberthür Institut with the times obtained from quasi- elastic neutron and light scattering, which yield information about neutrons aux petits angles (DNPA) pour l'étude des systèmes hors d'équi- libre thermodynamique est

Boyer, Edmond

31

Transient Analysis of Data Traffic in Cognitive Radio Networks: A Non-equilibrium Statistical  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

efficiency of spectrum utilization. In cognitive radio systems, a secondary user (without license) can access a licensed spectrum channel if there is no primary user (with license) transmitting over this channel. When1 Transient Analysis of Data Traffic in Cognitive Radio Networks: A Non-equilibrium Statistical

Li, Husheng

32

MTL ANNUAL RESEARCH REPORT 2014 Nanotechnology 145 Nanotechnology, Nanomaterials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MTL ANNUAL RESEARCH REPORT 2014 Nanotechnology 145 Nanotechnology, Nanomaterials Synthesize Silver Metal Chalcogenides ........................................165 #12;146 Nanotechnology MTL ANNUAL RESEARCH REPORT 2014 #12;MTL ANNUAL RESEARCH REPORT 2014 Nanotechnology 147 Synthesize Silver Nanoprisms

Reif, Rafael

33

Separation Nanotechnology of Diethylenetriaminepentaacetic Acid...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Nanotechnology of Diethylenetriaminepentaacetic Acid Bonded Magnetic Nanoparticles for Spent Nuclear Fuel. Separation Nanotechnology of Diethylenetriaminepentaacetic Acid Bonded...

34

Radiation transport and density effects in non-equilibrium plasmas Vladimir I. Fisher*, Dimitri V. Fisher, Yitzhak Maron  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Radiation transport and density effects in non-equilibrium plasmas Vladimir I. Fisher*, Dimitri V populations and the radiation field in transient non-equilibrium plasmas. In this model, the plasma density to a self-consistent treatment of the radiative transfer. For non-Maxwellian plasmas, the atomic

35

Experimental Analysis of the Effect of Vibrational Non-Equilibrium on the Decay of Grid-Generated Turbulence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the fundamental scientific question: ?Does thermal non-equilibrium alter the decay rate of turbulence?? The results of this study show that the answer is ?Yes.? The results demonstrate a clear coupling between thermal non-equilibrium and turbulence transport... ................................................................... 86 2.70 Macor-aluminum test section (exploded view) ....................................... 87 2.71 Upwind flange .......................................................................................... 88 2.72 Macor slab...

Fuller, T. J.

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

36

Chemistry 455 Chemical Nanotechnology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chemistry 455 Chemical Nanotechnology 4 units Prof. Richard Brutchey, Fall 2014 (Lecture = 12:00­12:50 pm MWF) CHEM 455 is an upper-division undergraduate course in Chemical Nanotechnology. The intent

Rohs, Remo

37

Non-equilibrium thermodynamics of damped Timoshenko and damped Bresse systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we cast damped Timoshenko and damped Bresse systems into a general framework for non-equilibrium thermodynamics, namely the GENERIC (General Equation for Non-Equilibrium Reversible-Irreversible Coupling) framework. The main ingredients of GENERIC consist of five building blocks: a state space, a Poisson operator, a dissipative operator, an energy functional, and an entropy functional. The GENERIC formulation of damped Timoshenko and damped Bresse systems brings several benefits. First, it provides alternative ways to derive thermodynamically consistent models of these systems by construct- ing building blocks instead of invoking conservation laws and constitutive relations. Second, it reveals clear physical and geometrical structures of these systems, e.g., the role of the energy and the entropy as the driving forces for the reversible and irreversible dynamics respectively. Third, it allows us to introduce a new GENERIC model for damped Timoshenko systems that is not existing in the literature.

Manh Hong Duong

2015-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

38

Heating of thermal non-equilibrium ions by Alfvn wave via nonresonant interaction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Pickup of thermal non-equilibrium ions by Alfvn wave via nonresonant wave-particle interaction is investigated by means of analytical test-particle theory. Some interesting and new results are found. No matter what the initial velocity distribution is, if the background magnetic field, the Alfvn speed, and the Alfvn magnetic field are fixed, the average parallel velocity never changes when t??. Heating effects in the perpendicular and parallel direction just depend on the initial temperature, and the perpendicular temperature increase is more prominent. It is noted that the heating effect of thermal non-equilibrium ions (Kappa ions) is weaker than that of the Maxwellian. This phenomenon may be relative to the heating of ions in the solar corona as well as in some toroidal confinement fusion devices.

Liu, Hai-Feng; Wang, Shi-Qing [Southwestern Institute of Physics, Chengdu 610041 (China) [Southwestern Institute of Physics, Chengdu 610041 (China); The Engineering and Technical College of Chengdu University of Technology, Leshan 614000 (China); Li, Ke-Hua [The Engineering and Technical College of Chengdu University of Technology, Leshan 614000 (China)] [The Engineering and Technical College of Chengdu University of Technology, Leshan 614000 (China)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

39

Strongly anisotropic non-equilibrium phase transition in Ising models with friction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The non-equilibrium phase transition in driven two-dimensional Ising models with two different geometries is investigated using Monte Carlo methods as well as analytical calculations. The models show dissipation through fluctuation induced friction near the critical point. We first consider high driving velocities and demonstrate that both systems are in the same universality class and undergo a strongly anisotropic non-equilibrium phase transition, with anisotropy exponent \\theta=3. Within a field theoretical ansatz the simulation results are confirmed. The crossover from Ising to mean field behavior in dependency of system size and driving velocity is analyzed using crossover scaling. It turns out that for all finite velocities the phase transition becomes strongly anisotropic in the thermodynamic limit.

Sebastian Angst; Alfred Hucht; Dietrich E. Wolf

2012-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

40

Non-equilibrium phase transition in an exactly solvable driven Ising model with friction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A driven Ising model with friction due to magnetic correlations has recently been proposed by Kadau et al. (Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 137205 (2008)). The non-equilibrium phase transition present in this system is investigated in detail using analytical methods as well as Monte Carlo simulations. In the limit of high driving velocities $v$ the model shows mean field behavior due to dimensional reduction and can be solved exactly for various geometries. The simulations are performed with three different single spin flip rates: the common Metropolis and Glauber rates as well as a multiplicative rate. Due to the non-equilibrium nature of the model all rates lead to different critical temperatures at $v>0$, while the exact solution matches the multiplicative rate. Finally, the cross-over from Ising to mean field behavior as function of velocity and system size is analysed in one and two dimensions.

Alfred Hucht

2009-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotechnology gc5 non-equilibrium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Dynamic scaling for the growth of non-equilibrium fluctuations during thermophoretic diffusion in microgravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Diffusion processes are accompanied by the appearance of non-equilibrium fluctuations, whose size distribution on Earth is strongly affected by the gravity force. In microgravity and at steady state, these fluctuations exhibit generic scale invariance and their size is only limited by the finite dimension of the system. In this work, we investigate experimentally and computationally the development of non-equilibrium fluctuations during a thermophoretic process in microgravity. Both experiments and simulations show that during the onset of fluctuations the scale invariance is present at large wave vectors. In a broader range of wave vectors simulations predict a spinodal-like growth of fluctuations, where the amplitude and length scale of the dominant mode are determined by the thickness of the diffuse layer.

Roberto Cerbino; Yifei Sun; Aleksandar Donev; Alberto Vailati

2015-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

42

Nanotechnology User Facility for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A National Nanotechnology User Facility for Industry Academia Government #12;The National Institute of Commerce's nanotechnology user facility. The CNST enables innovation by providing rapid access to the tools new measurement and fabrication methods in response to national nanotechnology needs. www

43

Research Highlights Nature Nanotechnology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

© 2009 APS Research Highlights Nature Nanotechnology Published online: 17 July 2009 | doi:10 perfect fluid. Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 025301 (2009). | Article |1. Nature Nanotechnology ISSN 1748 : Nature Nanotechnology http://www.nature.com/nnano/reshigh/2009/0709/full/nnano.2009.222.html 1 of 1 18

Müller, Markus

44

Trace formulae for non-equilibrium Casimir interactions, heat radiation and heat transfer for arbitrary objects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a detailed derivation of heat radiation, heat transfer and (Casimir) interactions for N arbitrary objects in the framework of fluctuational electrodynamics in thermal non-equilibrium. The results can be expressed as basis-independent trace formulae in terms of the scattering operators of the individual objects. We prove that heat radiation of a single object is positive, and that heat transfer (for two arbitrary passive objects) is from the hotter to a colder body. The heat transferred is also symmetric, exactly reversed if the two temperatures are exchanged. Introducing partial wave-expansions, we transform the results for radiation, transfer and forces into traces of matrices that can be evaluated in any basis, analogous to the equilibrium Casimir force. The method is illustrated by (re)deriving the heat radiation of a plate, a sphere and a cylinder. We analyze the radiation of a sphere for different materials, emphasizing that a simplification often employed for metallic nano-spheres is typically invalid. We derive asymptotic formulae for heat transfer and non-equilibrium interactions for the cases of a sphere in front a plate and for two spheres, extending previous results. As an example, we show that a hot nano-sphere can levitate above a plate with the repulsive non-equilibrium force overcoming gravity -- an effect that is not due to radiation pressure.

Matthias Krger; Giuseppe Bimonte; Thorsten Emig; Mehran Kardar

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

45

Non-equilibrium hydrogen ionization in 2D simulations of the solar atmosphere  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ionization of hydrogen in the solar chromosphere and transition region does not obey LTE or instantaneous statistical equilibrium because the timescale is long compared with important hydrodynamical timescales, especially of magneto-acoustic shocks. We implement an algorithm to compute non-equilibrium hydrogen ionization and its coupling into the MHD equations within an existing radiation MHD code, and perform a two-dimensional simulation of the solar atmosphere from the convection zone to the corona. Analysis of the simulation results and comparison to a companion simulation assuming LTE shows that: a) Non-equilibrium computation delivers much smaller variations of the chromospheric hydrogen ionization than for LTE. The ionization is smaller within shocks but subsequently remains high in the cool intershock phases. As a result, the chromospheric temperature variations are much larger than for LTE because in non-equilibrium, hydrogen ionization is a less effective internal energy buffer. The actual shock temperatures are therefore higher and the intershock temperatures lower. b) The chromospheric populations of the hydrogen n = 2 level, which governs the opacity of Halpha, are coupled to the ion populations. They are set by the high temperature in shocks and subsequently remain high in the cool intershock phases. c) The temperature structure and the hydrogen level populations differ much between the chromosphere above photospheric magnetic elements and above quiet internetwork. d) The hydrogen n = 2 population and column density are persistently high in dynamic fibrils, suggesting that these obtain their visibility from being optically thick in Halpha also at low temperature.

J. Leenaarts; M. Carlsson; V. Hansteen; R. J. Rutten

2007-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

46

NANOTECHNOLOGY CERTIFICATE PROGRAM PRE-SURVEY What is Nanotechnology?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NANOTECHNOLOGY CERTIFICATE PROGRAM PRE-SURVEY What is Nanotechnology? Nanotechnology is the engineering of functional systems at length scales spanning 1 ­ 100 nm.nano.gatech.edu Why should I study Nanotechnology? Nanotechnology education will prepare you for exciting career

Bennett, Gisele

47

Phase-field investigation on the non-equilibrium interface dynamics of rapid alloy solidification  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The research program reported here is focused on critical issues that represent conspicuous gaps in current understanding of rapid solidification, limiting our ability to predict and control microstructural evolution (i.e. morphological dynamics and microsegregation) at high undercooling, where conditions depart significantly from local equilibrium. More specifically, through careful application of phase-field modeling, using appropriate thin-interface and anti-trapping corrections and addressing important details such as transient effects and a velocity-dependent (i.e. adaptive) numerics, the current analysis provides a reasonable simulation-based picture of non-equilibrium solute partitioning and the corresponding oscillatory dynamics associated with single-phase rapid solidification and show that this method is a suitable means for a self-consistent simulation of transient behavior and operating point selection under rapid growth conditions. Moving beyond the limitations of conventional theoretical/analytical treatments of non-equilibrium solute partitioning, these results serve to substantiate recent experimental findings and analytical treatments for single-phase rapid solidification. The departure from the equilibrium solid concentration at the solid-liquid interface was often observed during rapid solidification, and the energetic associated non-equilibrium solute partitioning has been treated in detail, providing possible ranges of interface concentrations for a given growth condition. Use of these treatments for analytical description of specific single-phase dendritic and cellular operating point selection, however, requires a model for solute partitioning under a given set of growth conditions. Therefore, analytical solute trapping models which describe the chemical partitioning as a function of steady state interface velocities have been developed and widely utilized in most of the theoretical investigations of rapid solidification. However, these solute trapping models are not rigorously verified due to the difficulty in experimentally measuring under rapid growth conditions. Moreover, since these solute trapping models include kinetic parameters which are difficult to directly measure from experiments, application of the solute trapping models or the associated analytic rapid solidification model is limited. These theoretical models for steady state rapid solidification which incorporate the solute trapping models do not describe the interdependency of solute diffusion, interface kinetics, and alloy thermodynamics. The phase-field approach allows calculating, spontaneously, the non-equilibrium growth effects of alloys and the associated time-dependent growth dynamics, without making the assumptions that solute partitioning is an explicit function of velocity, as is the current convention. In the research described here, by utilizing the phase-field model in the thin-interface limit, incorporating the anti-trapping current term, more quantitatively valid interface kinetics and solute diffusion across the interface are calculated. In order to sufficiently resolve the physical length scales (i.e. interface thickness and diffusion boundary length), grid spacings are continually adjusted in calculations. The full trajectories of transient planar growth dynamics under rapid directional solidification conditions with different pulling velocities are described. As a validation of a model, the predicted steady state conditions are consistent with the analytic approach for rapid growth. It was confirmed that rapid interface dynamics exhibits the abrupt acceleration of the planar front when the effect of the non-equilibrium solute partitioning at the interface becomes signi ficant. This is consistent with the previous linear stability analysis for the non-equilibrium interface dynamics. With an appropriate growth condition, the continuous oscillation dynamics was able to be simulated using continually adjusting grid spacings. This oscillatory dynamics including instantaneous jump of interface velocities are consistent

Choi, Jeong

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

48

Fundamental Properties of Non-equilibrium Laser-Supported Detonation Wave  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For developing laser propulsion, it is very important to analyze the mechanism of Laser-Supported Detonation (LSD), because it can generate high pressure and high temperature to be used by laser propulsion can be categorized as one type of hypersonic reacting flows, where exothermicity is supplied not by chemical reaction but by radiation absorption. I have numerically simulated the 1-D and Quasi-1-D LSD waves propagating through an inert gas, which absorbs CO2 gasdynamic laser, using a 2-temperature model. Calculated results show the fundamental properties of the non-equilibrium LSD Waves.

Shiraishi, Hiroyuki [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Daido Institute of Technology, 10-3 Taki-haru-cho, Minami-ku, Nagoya (Japan)

2004-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

49

Similarity of coupled non-equilibrium flows behind normal shock waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at constant pressure Dissociation energy per molecule Average energy gained by vibra- tion due to recombination (per unit mass) Average energy lost from vibra- tion due to dissociation (per unit mass) Vibrational energy per unit mass Same as E (T... reverse reaction-rate cons tant N [N&] p Length of non-equilibrium zone Mach number Mass of an atom of nitrogen Number of vibrational levels in- cluded in dissociation energy Concentration of ni trogen Pressure moles/cc dynes/cmE vii Dei R...

Dalton, James Verne

1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Potential and flux field landscape theory. II. Non-equilibrium thermodynamics of spatially inhomogeneous stochastic dynamical systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have established a general non-equilibrium thermodynamic formalism consistently applicable to both spatially homogeneous and, more importantly, spatially inhomogeneous systems, governed by the Langevin and Fokker-Planck stochastic dynamics with multiple state transition mechanisms, using the potential-flux landscape framework as a bridge connecting stochastic dynamics with non-equilibrium thermodynamics. A set of non-equilibrium thermodynamic equations, quantifying the relations of the non-equilibrium entropy, entropy flow, entropy production, and other thermodynamic quantities, together with their specific expressions, is constructed from a set of dynamical decomposition equations associated with the potential-flux landscape framework. The flux velocity plays a pivotal role on both the dynamic and thermodynamic levels. On the dynamic level, it represents a dynamic force breaking detailed balance, entailing the dynamical decomposition equations. On the thermodynamic level, it represents a thermodynamic force generating entropy production, manifested in the non-equilibrium thermodynamic equations. The Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process and more specific examples, the spatial stochastic neuronal model, in particular, are studied to test and illustrate the general theory. This theoretical framework is particularly suitable to study the non-equilibrium (thermo)dynamics of spatially inhomogeneous systems abundant in nature. This paper is the second of a series.

Wu, Wei [Department of Physics and Astronomy and Department of Chemistry, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, New York 11794 (United States); Wang, Jin, E-mail: jin.wang.1@stonybrook.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy and Department of Chemistry, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, New York 11794 (United States); State Key Laboratory of Electroanalytical Chemistry, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 130022 Changchun, China and College of Physics, Jilin University, 130021 Changchun (China)

2014-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

51

Nanotechnology: Beyond Human Nature?.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Nanotechnology plays an important role in todays society because it allows convergence to the nanoscale, that is to say to the level of atoms (more)

Cabrera, Laura

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

THERMAL NON-EQUILIBRIUM REVISITED: A HEATING MODEL FOR CORONAL LOOPS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The location and frequency of events that heat the million-degree corona are still a matter of debate. One potential heating scenario is that the energy release is effectively steady and highly localized at the footpoints of coronal structures. Such an energy deposition drives thermal non-equilibrium solutions in the hydrodynamic equations in longer loops. This heating scenario was considered and discarded by Klimchuk et al. on the basis of their one-dimensional simulations as incapable of reproducing observational characteristics of loops. In this paper, we use three-dimensional simulations to generate synthetic emission images, from which we select and analyze six loops. The main differences between our model and that of Klimchuk et al. concern (1) dimensionality, (2) resolution, (3) geometrical properties of the loops, (4) heating function, and (5) radiative function. We find evidence, in this small set of simulated loops, that the evolution of the light curves, the variation of temperature along the loops, the density profile, and the absence of small-scale structures are compatible with the characteristics of observed loops. We conclude that quasi-steady footpoint heating that drives thermal non-equilibrium solutions cannot yet be ruled out as a viable heating scenario for EUV loops.

Lionello, Roberto; Linker, Jon A.; Mikic, Zoran [Predictive Science, Inc., 9990 Mesa Rim Rd., Ste. 170, San Diego, CA 92121-2910 (United States); Winebarger, Amy R. [NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, ZP 13, Huntsville, AL 35812 (United States); Mok, Yung, E-mail: lionel@predsci.com, E-mail: linkerj@predsci.com, E-mail: mikicz@predsci.com, E-mail: amy.r.winebarger@nasa.gov, E-mail: ymok@uci.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, 4129 Reines Hall, Irvine, CA 92697 (United States)

2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

53

A definition of thermodynamic entropy valid for non-equilibrium states and few-particle systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

From a new rigorous formulation of the general axiomatic foundations of thermodynamics we derive an operational definition of entropy that responds to the emergent need in many technological frameworks to understand and deploy thermodynamic entropy well beyond the traditional realm of equilibrium states of macroscopic systems. The new definition is achieved by avoiding to resort to the traditional concepts of "heat" (which restricts $a$ $priori$ the traditional definitions of entropy to the equilibrium domain) and of "thermal reservoir" (which restricts $in$ $practice$ our previous definitions of non-equilibrium entropy to the many-particle domain). The measurement procedure that defines entropy is free from intrinsic limitations and can be applied, $in$ $principle$, even to non-equilibrium states of few-particle systems, provided they are separable and uncorrelated. The construction starts from a previously developed set of carefully worded operational definitions for all the basic concepts. Then, through a new set of fully spelled-out fundamental hypotheses (four postulates and five assumptions) we derive the definitions of energy and entropy of any state, and of temperature of any stable equilibrium state. Finally, we prove the principle of entropy non-decrease, the additivity of entropy differences, the maximum entropy principle, and the impossibility of existence of a thermal reservoir.

Gian Paolo Beretta; Enzo Zanchini

2014-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

54

Lower bounds for ballistic current and noise in non-equilibrium quantum steady states  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Let an infinite, homogeneous, many-body quantum system be unitarily evolved for a long time from a state where two halves are independently thermalized. One says that a non-equilibrium steady state emerges if there are nonzero steady currents in the central region. In particular, their presence is a signature of ballistic transport. We analyze the consequences of the current observable being a conserved density; near equilibrium this is known to give rise to linear wave propagation and a nonzero Drude peak. Using the Lieb-Robinson bound, we derive, under a certain regularity condition, a lower bound for the non-equilibrium steady-state current determined by equilibrium averages. This shows and quantifies the presence of ballistic transport far from equilibrium. The inequality suggests the definition of "nonlinear sound velocities", which specialize to the sound velocity near equilibrium in non-integrable models, and "generalized sound velocities", which encode generalized Gibbs thermalization in integrable models. These are bounded by the Lieb-Robinson velocity. The inequality also gives rise to a bound on the energy current noise in the case of pure energy transport. We show that the inequality is satisfied in many models where exact results are available, and that it is saturated at one-dimensional criticality.

Benjamin Doyon

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

NANOTECHNOLOGY 4 NOVEMBER 2004 NanotechnologyE-Bulletin  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NANOTECHNOLOGY 4 NOVEMBER 2004 NanotechnologyE-Bulletin Three-dimensional nanofabrication for many areas of nanotechnology. An indirect approach to 3D uses the repeti- tive application of steps structures. #12;NANOTECHNOLOGY 4 NOVEMBER 2004 source and the size of the phase mask limit the dimensions

Rogers, John A.

56

Nanotechnology at Maryland Nanotechnologies technologies using the special  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nanotechnology at Maryland Nanotechnologies ­ technologies using the special properties the possibilities of nanotechnology. The center, led by founding Director Gary Rubloff, is an interdisciplinary-of-the-art facilities, guides nanotechnology ducation initiatives, and promotes technology transfer from the university

Hill, Wendell T.

57

Will there be future deceleration? A study of particle creation mechanism in non-equilibrium thermodynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The paper deals with non-equilibrium thermodynamics based on adiabatic particle creation mechanism with the motivation of considering it as an alternative choice to explain the recent observed accelerating phase of the universe. Using Friedmann equations, it is shown that the deceleration parameter ($q$) can be obtained from the knowledge of the particle production rate ($\\Gamma$). Motivated from thermodynamical point of view, cosmological solutions are evaluated for the particle creation rates in three cosmic phases, namely, inflation, matter dominated and present late time acceleration. The deceleration parameter ($q$) is expressed as a function of the redshift parameter ($z$), and its variation is presented graphically. Also, statefinder analysis has been presented graphically in three different phases of the universe. Finally, two non-interacting fluids with different particle creation rates are considered as cosmic substratum, and deceleration parameter ($q$) is evaluated. It is examined whether more than one transition of $q$ is possible or not by graphical representations.

Supriya Pan; Subenoy Chakraborty

2015-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

58

Dilution and resonance enhanced repulsion in non-equilibrium fluctuation forces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In equilibrium, forces induced by fluctuations of the electromagnetic field between electrically polarizable objects (microscopic or macroscopic) in vacuum are always attractive. The force may, however, become repulsive for microscopic particles coupled to thermal baths with different temperatures. We demonstrate that this non-equilibrium repulsion can be realized also between macroscopic objects, as planar slabs, if they are kept at different temperatures. It is shown that repulsion can be enhanced by (i) tuning of material resonances in the thermal region, and by (ii) reducing the dielectric contrast due to "dilution". This can lead to stable equilibrium positions. We discuss the realization of these effects for aerogels, yielding repulsion down to sub-micron distances at realistic porosities.

Giuseppe Bimonte; Thorsten Emig; Matthias Kruger; Mehran Kardar

2011-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

59

Dilution and resonance enhanced repulsion in non-equilibrium fluctuation forces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In equilibrium, forces induced by fluctuations of the electromagnetic field between electrically polarizable objects (microscopic or macroscopic) in vacuum are always attractive. The force may, however, become repulsive for microscopic particles coupled to thermal baths with different temperatures. We demonstrate that this non-equilibrium repulsion can be realized also between macroscopic objects, as planar slabs, if they are kept at different temperatures. It is shown that repulsion can be enhanced by (i) tuning of material resonances in the thermal region, and by (ii) reducing the dielectric contrast due to "dilution". This can lead to stable equilibrium positions. We discuss the realization of these effects for aerogels, yielding repulsion down to sub-micron distances at realistic porosities.

Bimonte, Giuseppe; Kruger, Matthias; Kardar, Mehran

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Exponential approach to, and properties of, a non-equilibrium steady state in a dilute gas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate a kinetic model of a system in contact with several thermal reservoirs at different temperatures $T_\\alpha$. Our system is a spatially uniform dilute gas whose internal dynamics is described by the nonlinear Boltzmann equation with Maxwellian collisions. Similarly, the interaction with reservoir $\\alpha$ is represented by a Markovian process that has the Maxwellian $M_{T_\\alpha}$ as its stationary state. We prove existence and uniqueness of a non-equilibrium steady state (NESS) and show exponential convergence to this NESS in a metric on probability measures introduced into the study of Maxwellian collisions by Gabetta, Toscani and Wenberg (GTW). This shows that the GTW distance between the current velocity distribution to the steady-state velocity distribution is a Lyapunov functional for the system. We also derive expressions for the entropy production in the system plus the reservoirs which is always positive.

Eric A. Carlen; Joel L. Lebowitz; Clement Mouhot

2014-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

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61

Manipulating shear-induced non-equilibrium transitions by feedback control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using Brownian Dynamics (BD) simulations we investigate non-equilibrium transitions of sheared colloidal films under controlled shear stress $\\sigma_{\\mathrm{xz}}$. In our approach the shear rate $\\dot\\gamma$ is a dynamical variable, which relaxes on a timescale $\\tau_c$ such that the instantaneous, configuration-dependent stress $\\sigma_{\\mathrm{xz}}(t)$ approaches a pre-imposed value. Investigating the dynamics under this "feedback-control" scheme we find unique behavior in regions where the flow curve $\\sigma_{\\mathrm{xz}}(\\dot\\gamma)$ of the uncontrolled system is monotonic. However, in non-monotonic regions our method allows to {\\em select} between dynamical states characterized by different in-plane structure and viscosities. Indeed, the final state strongly depends on $\\tau_c$ relative to an {\\em intrinsic} relaxation time of the uncontrolled system. The critical values of $\\tau_c$ are estimated on the basis of a simple model.

Tarlan A. Vezirov; Sascha Gerloff; Sabine H. L. Klapp

2014-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

62

Interacting dark fluid in the universe bounded by event horizon : A non-equilibrium prescription  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A non-equilibrium thermodynamic analysis has been done for the interacting dark fluid in the universe bounded by the event horizon.From observational evidences it is assumed that at present the matter in the universe is dominated by two dark sectors-dark matter and dark energy. The mutual interaction among them results in spontaneous heat flow between the horizon and the fluid system and the thermal equilibrium will no longer hold.In the present work,the dark matter is chosen in the form of dust while the dark energy is chosen as a perfect fluid with constant equation in one case and holographic dark energy model is chosen in the other.Finally,validity of the generalized second law of thermodynamics has been examined in both cases.

Subenoy Chakraborty; Atreyee Biswas

2014-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

63

NON-EQUILIBRIUM THERMODYNAMIC PROCESSES: SPACE PLASMAS AND THE INNER HELIOSHEATH  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recently, empirical kappa distribution, commonly used to describe non-equilibrium systems like space plasmas, has been connected with non-extensive statistical mechanics. Here we show how a consistent definition of the temperature and pressure is developed for stationary states out of thermal equilibrium, so that the familiar ideal gas state equation still holds. In addition to the classical triplet of temperature, pressure, and density, this generalization requires the kappa index as a fourth independent thermodynamic variable that characterizes the non-equilibrium stationary states. All four of these thermodynamic variables have key roles in describing the governing thermodynamical processes and transitions in space plasmas. We introduce a novel characterization of isothermal and isobaric processes that describe a system's transition into different stationary states by varying the kappa index. In addition, we show how the variation of temperature or/and pressure can occur through an 'iso-q' process, in which the system remains in a fixed stationary state (fixed kappa index). These processes have been detected in the proton plasma in the inner heliosheath via specialized data analysis of energetic neutral atom (ENA) observations from Interstellar Boundary Explorer. In particular, we find that the temperature is highly correlated with (1) kappa, asymptotically related to isothermal ({approx}1,000,000 K) and iso-q ({kappa} {approx} 1.7) processes; and (2) density, related to an isobaric process, which separates the 'Ribbon', P Almost-Equal-To 3.2 pdyn cm{sup -2}, from the globally distributed ENA flux, P Almost-Equal-To 2 pdyn cm{sup -2}.

Livadiotis, G.; McComas, D. J., E-mail: glivadiotis@swri.edu [Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, TX (United States)

2012-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

64

Effect of dielectric barrier discharge plasma actuators on non-equilibrium hypersonic Ankush Bhatia, Subrata Roy, and Ryan Gosse  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effect of dielectric barrier discharge plasma actuators on non-equilibrium hypersonic flows Ankush-equilibrium hypersonic flows Ankush Bhatia,1 Subrata Roy,1 and Ryan Gosse2 1 Applied Physics Research Group, Department for a cylindrical body in Mach 17 hypersonic flow is presented. This application focuses on using sinusoidal

Roy, Subrata

65

2-D Hypersonic Non-equilibrium Flow Simulation using r-p Adaptive Time-Implicit Discontinuous Galerkin Method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2-D Hypersonic Non-equilibrium Flow Simulation using r-p Adaptive Time-Implicit Discontinuous Aerospace Sciences Meeting #12;1 American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics 2-D Hypersonic Non Galerkin (DG) methods to 2-D hypersonic flow problems. Previous applications of DG method were limited

Roy, Subrata

66

A thermo-hydro-mechanical coupled model in local thermal non-equilibrium for fractured HDR reservoir  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A thermo-hydro-mechanical coupled model in local thermal non-equilibrium for fractured HDR of New South Wales, Sydney 2052, Australia. Abstract The constitutive thermo-hydro-mechanical equations is next applied to simulate circulation tests at the Fenton Hill HDR reservoir. The finer thermo-hydro

Boyer, Edmond

67

Cosmological QCD phase transition in steady non-equilibrium dissipative Ho?avaLifshitz early universe  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the phase transition from quarkgluon plasma to hadrons in the early universe in the context of non-equilibrium thermodynamics. According to the standard model of cosmology, a phase transition associated with chiral symmetry breaking after the electro-weak transition has occurred when the universe was about 110?s old. We focus attention on such a phase transition in the presence of a viscous relativistic cosmological background fluid in the framework of non-detailed balance Ho?avaLifshitz cosmology within an effective model of QCD. We consider a flat FriedmannRobertsonWalker universe filled with a non-causal and a causal bulk viscous cosmological fluid respectively and investigate the effects of the running coupling constants of Ho?avaLifshitz gravity, ?, on the evolution of the physical quantities relevant to a description of the early universe, namely, the temperature T, scale factor a, deceleration parameter q and dimensionless ratio of the bulk viscosity coefficient to entropy density (?)/s . We assume that the bulk viscosity cosmological background fluid obeys the evolution equation of the steady truncated (Eckart) and full version of the IsraelStewart fluid, respectively. -- Highlights: In this paper we have studied quarkhadron phase transition in the early universe in the context of the Ho?avaLifshitz model. We use a flat FRW universe with the bulk viscosity cosmological background fluid obeying the evolution equation of the steady truncated (Eckart) and full version of the IsraelStewart fluid, respectively.

Khodadi, M., E-mail: M.Khodadi@sbu.ac.ir; Sepangi, H.R., E-mail: hr-sepangi@sbu.ac.ir

2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

68

Cosmological QCD phase transition in steady non-equilibrium dissipative Ho?ava-Lifshitz early universe  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the phase transition from quark-gluon plasma to hadrons in the early universe in the context of non-equilibrium thermodynamics. According to the standard model of cosmology, a phase transition associated with chiral symmetry breaking after the electro-weak transition has occurred when the universe was about $1-10\\mu s$ old. We focus attention on such a phase transition in the presence of a viscous relativistic cosmological background fluid in the framework of non-detailed balance Ho\\v{r}ava-Lifshitz cosmology within an effective model of QCD. We consider a flat Friedmann-Robertson-Walker Universe filled with a non-causal and causal bulk viscous cosmological fluid respectively and investigate the effects of the running coupling constants of Ho\\v{r}ava-Lifshitz gravity, $\\lambda$, on the evolution of the physical quantities relevant to a description of the early universe, namely, the temperature $T$, scale factor $a$, deceleration parameter $q$ and dimensionless ratio of the bulk viscosity coefficient to entropy density $\\frac{\\xi}{s}$. We assume that the bulk viscosity cosmological background fluid obeys the evolution equation of the steady truncated (Eckart) and full version of the Israel-Stewart fluid, respectively.

M. Khodadi; H. R. Sepangi

2014-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

69

Non-equilibrium quantum systems: Divergence between global and local descriptions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Even photosynthesis -- the most basic natural phenomenon underlying Life on Earth -- involves the non-trivial processing of excitations at the pico- and femtosecond scales during light-harvesting. The desire to understand such natural phenomena, as well as interpret the output from ultrafast experimental probes, creates an urgent need for accurate quantitative theories of open quantum systems. However it is unclear how best to generalize the well-established assumptions of an isolated system, particularly under non-equilibrium conditions. Here we compare two popular approaches: a description in terms of a direct product of the states of each individual system (i.e. a local approach) versus the use of new states resulting from diagonalizing the whole Hamiltonian (i.e. a global approach). We show that their equivalence fails when the system is open, in particular under the experimentally ubiquitous condition of a temperature gradient. By solving for the steady-state populations and calculating the heat flux as a test observable, we uncover stark differences between the formulations. This divergence highlights the need to establish rigorous ranges of applicability for such methods in modeling nanoscale transfer phenomena -- including during the light-harvesting process in photosynthesis.

Pedro D. Manrique; Ferney Rodriguez; Luis Quiroga; Neil F. Johnson

2015-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

70

Non-equilibrium structure and dynamics in a microscopic model of thin film active gels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the presence of ATP, molecular motors generate active force dipoles that drive suspensions of protein filaments far from thermodynamic equilibrium, leading to exotic dynamics and pattern formation. Microscopic modelling can help to quantify the relationship between individual motors plus filaments to organisation and dynamics on molecular and supra-molecular length scales. Here we present results of extensive numerical simulations of active gels where the motors and filaments are confined between two infinite parallel plates. Thermal fluctuations and excluded-volume interactions between filaments are included. A systematic variation of rates for motor motion, attachment and detachment, including a differential detachment rate from filament ends, reveals a range of non-equilibrium behaviour. Strong motor binding produces structured filament aggregates that we refer to as asters, bundles or layers, whose stability depends on motor speed and differential end-detachment. The gross features of the dependence of the observed structures on the motor rate and the filament concentration can be captured by a simple one-filament model. Loosely bound aggregates exhibit super-diffusive mass transport, where filament translocation scales with lag time with non-unique exponents that depend on motor kinetics. An empirical data collapse of filament speed as a function of motor speed and end-detachment is found, suggesting a dimensional reduction of the relevant parameter space. We conclude by discussing the perspectives of microscopic modelling in the field of active gels.

D. A. Head; W. J. Briels; G. Gompper

2014-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

71

Non-equilibrium steady state and subgeometric ergodicity for a chain of three coupled rotors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider a chain of three rotors (rotators) whose ends are coupled to stochastic heat baths. The temperatures of the two baths can be different, and we allow some constant torque to be applied at each end of the chain. Under some non-degeneracy condition on the interaction potentials, we show that the process admits a unique invariant probability measure, and that it is ergodic with a stretched exponential rate. The interesting issue is to estimate the rate at which the energy of the middle rotor decreases. As it is not directly connected to the heat baths, its energy can only be dissipated through the two outer rotors. But when the middle rotor spins very rapidly, it fails to interact effectively with its neighbors due to the rapid oscillations of the forces. By averaging techniques, we obtain an effective dynamics for the middle rotor, which then enables us to find a Lyapunov function. This and an irreducibility argument give the desired result. We finally illustrate numerically some properties of the non-equilibrium steady state.

No Cuneo; Jean-Pierre Eckmann; Christophe Poquet

2014-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

72

Nanotechnology-Based Electrochemical Sensors for Biomonitoring...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Nanotechnology-Based Electrochemical Sensors for Biomonitoring Chemical Exposures . Nanotechnology-Based Electrochemical Sensors for Biomonitoring Chemical Exposures . Abstract:...

73

Declaration of Concentration in Nanotechnology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Declaration of Concentration in Nanotechnology Return completed form to ENG Undergraduate Records:____________________________ Instructions: ENG students declaring a Concentration in Nanotechnology should complete this form, obtain REQUIRED COURSES (Choose 1) 1. ENG EC 481­ Fundamentals of Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology 4.0 ELECTIVES

Goldberg, Bennett

74

DNA Structural Nanotechnology Duke University  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DNA Structural Nanotechnology John Reif Duke University Graduate Students: Harish Chandran&Caltech Tube Lattices #12;Ned Seeman New York University, USA Ned Seeman: Father of DNA Nanotechnology His Initial Ideas & Motivation for DNA Nanotechnology #12;Cube Chen & Seeman, Nature350:631 (1991) Truncated

Reif, John H.

75

Nanotechnology: Nanomaterials, Nanomedicine and Nanocars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nanotechnology: Nanomaterials, Nanomedicine and Nanocars Wednesday March 21, 2012, Babbio 122, 11am and Technology Rice University, Houston, TX An overview of several of the nanotechnology research areas in our Nanotechnology in 2008, the NASA Space Act Award in 2008 for his development of carbon nanotube reinforced

Fisher, Frank

76

Nanotechnology with DNA DNA Nanodevices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nanotechnology with DNA DNA Nanodevices Friedrich C. Simmel* and Wendy U. Dittmer A DNA actuator. Introduction.............285 2. Overview: DNA Nanotechnology.......285 3. Prototypes of Nanomechanical DNA overview of DNA nanotechnology as a whole is given. The most important properties of DNA molecules

Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, München

77

Nanotechnology Nanotechnology comprises measurement, design, modeling and fabrication of materials and systems at the atomic scale.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nanotechnology Nanotechnology comprises measurement, design, modeling and fabrication of materials are able to customize their education by specializing in areas such as nanotechnology, computational

Glowinski, Roland

78

Matter & Energy Nanotechnology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to electrical energy in order to power electronic devices, these results point to an advantage in reducingSee Also: Matter & Energy Nanotechnology Materials Science Technology Energy Technology Civil of potential functionalities, ranging from single-nanowire lasers and LEDs to more complex devices

Espinosa, Horacio D.

79

NON-EQUILIBRIUM DYNAMICS OF MANY-BODY QUANTUM SYSTEMS: FUNDAMENTALS AND NEW FRONTIER  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Rapid progress in nanotechnology and naofabrication techniques has ushered in a new era of quantum transport experiments. This has in turn heightened the interest in theoretical understanding of nonequilibrium dynamics of strongly correlated quantum systems. This project has advanced the frontiers of understanding in this area along several fronts. For example, we showed that under certain conditions, quantum impurities out of equilibrium can be reformulated in terms of an effective equilibrium theory; this makes it possible to use the gamut of tools available for quantum systems in equilibrium. On a different front, we demonstrated that the elastic power of a transmitted microwave photon in circuit QED systems can exhibit a many-body Kondo resonance. We also showed that under many circumstances, bipartite fluctuations of particle number provide an effective tool for studying many-body physicsparticularly the entanglement properties of a many-body system. This implies that it should be possible to measure many-body entanglement in relatively simple and tractable quantum systems. In addition, we studied charge relaxation in quantum RC circuits with a large number of conducting channels, and elucidated its relation to Kondo models in various regimes. We also extended our earlier work on the dynamics of driven and dissipative quantum spin-boson impurity systems, deriving a new formalism that makes it possible to compute the full spin density matrix and spin-spin correlation functions beyond the weak coupling limit. Finally, we provided a comprehensive analysis of the nonequilibrium transport near a quantum phase transition in the case of a spinless dissipative resonant-level model. This project supported the research of two Ph.D. students and two postdoctoral researchers, whose training will allow them to further advance the field in coming years.

DeMille, David; LeHur, Karyn

2013-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

80

Experiential Component Approval Form Concentration in Nanotechnology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experiential Component Approval Form Concentration in Nanotechnology Return completed form to ENG Plan to complete the experiential component as a requirement for the concentration in Nanotechnology to complete the experiential component for the Nanotechnology Concentration by: Research Experience in Lab

Goldberg, Bennett

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotechnology gc5 non-equilibrium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

New Developments in Transmission Electron Microscopy for Nanotechnology**  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New Developments in Transmission Electron Microscopy for Nanotechnology** By Zhong Lin Wang* 1. Electron Microscopy and Nanotechnology Nanotechnology, as an international initiative for science manufacturing are the foundation of nanotechnology. Tracking the historical background of why nanotechnology

Wang, Zhong L.

82

Study of the South African nanotechnology system.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The study of the nanotechnology system in South Africa is an analysis of the South African nanotechnology innovation system, with a discussion of background information (more)

Van der Merwe, Derrick Louis

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Influence of Penning effect on the plasma features in a non-equilibrium atmospheric pressure plasma jet  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Non-equilibrium atmospheric pressure plasma jet (APPJ) is a cold plasma source that promises various innovative applications. The influence of Penning effect on the formation, propagation, and other physical properties of the plasma bullets in APPJ remains a debatable topic. By using a 10?cm wide active electrode and a frequency of applied voltage down to 0.5?Hz, the Penning effect caused by preceding discharges can be excluded. It was found that the Penning effect originating in a preceding discharge helps build a conductive channel in the gas flow and provide seed electrons, thus the discharge can be maintained at a low voltage which in turn leads to a smaller propagation speed for the plasma bullet. Photographs from an intensified charge coupled device reveal that the annular structure of the plasma plume for He is irrelevant to the Penning ionization process arising from preceding discharges. By adding NH{sub 3} into Ar to introduce Penning effect, the originally filamentous discharge of Ar can display a rather extensive plasma plume in ambient as He. These results are helpful for the understanding of the behaviors of non-equilibrium APPJs generated under distinct conditions and for the design of plasma jet features, especially the spatial distribution and propagation speed, which are essential for application.

Chang, Zhengshi; Zhang, Guanjun [School of Electrical Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049 (China); Jiang, Nan; Cao, Zexian, E-mail: zxcao@iphy.ac.cn [Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China)

2014-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

84

Quantum Physics and Nanotechnology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experimental studies of infinite (unrestricted at least in one direction) quantum particle motion using probe nanotechnologies have revealed the necessity of revising previous concepts of their motion. Particularly, quantum particles transfer quantum motion nonlocality energy beside classical kinetic energy, in other words, they are in two different kinds of motion simultaneously. The quantum component of the motion energy may be quite considerable under certain circumstances. Some new effects were predicted and proved experimentally in terms of this phenomenon. A new prototype refrigerating device was tested, its principle of operation being based on the effect of transferring the quantum component of the motion energy.

Vladimir K. Nevolin

2011-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

85

BIRCK NANOTECHNOLOGY CENTER ESTABLISHED MARCH, 2001  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BIRCK NANOTECHNOLOGY CENTER ESTABLISHED MARCH, 2001 As one of the first academic nanotechnology research centers in the US, the Birck Nanotechnology Center provides solutions to challenges in healthcare nanotechnology centers in the US; the 187,000 sq.ft. building includes a 25,000 sq. ft. cleanroom that is 45

Holland, Jeffrey

86

Non-Newtonian behavior and molecular structure of Cooee bitumen under shear flow: a non-equilibrium molecular dynamics study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The rheology and molecular structure of a model bitumen (Cooee bitumen) under shear is investigated in the non-Newtonian regime using non-equilibrium molecular dynamics simulations. The shear viscosity and normal stress differences of the bitumen mixture are computed at different shear rates and different temperatures. The model bitumen is shown to be a shear-thinning fluid. The corresponding molecular structure is studied at the same shear rates and temperatures. The Cooee bitumen is able to reproduce experimental results showing the formation of nanoaggregates composed of stacks of flat aromatic molecules. These nanoaggregates are immersed in a solvent of saturated hydrocarbon molecules. The nanoaggregates are shown to break up at very high shear rates, leading only to a minor effect on the viscosity of the mixture. At low shear rates, bitumen can be seen as a colloidal suspension of nanoaggregates in a solvent. The slight anisotropy of the whole sample due to the nanoaggregates is considered and quantified...

Lemarchand, Claire A; Todd, Billy D; Daivis, Peter J; Hansen, Jesper S

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Comparative analysis of quantum cascade laser modeling based on density matrices and non-equilibrium Green's functions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the operation of an 8.5??m quantum cascade laser based on GaInAs/AlInAs lattice matched to InP using three different simulation models based on density matrix (DM) and non-equilibrium Green's function (NEGF) formulations. The latter advanced scheme serves as a validation for the simpler DM schemes and, at the same time, provides additional insight, such as the temperatures of the sub-band carrier distributions. We find that for the particular quantum cascade laser studied here, the behavior is well described by simple quantum mechanical estimates based on Fermi's golden rule. As a consequence, the DM model, which includes second order currents, agrees well with the NEGF results. Both these simulations are in accordance with previously reported data and a second regrown device.

Lindskog, M., E-mail: martin.lindskog@teorfys.lu.se; Wacker, A. [Mathematical Physics, Lund University, Box 118, 22100 Lund (Sweden); Wolf, J. M.; Liverini, V.; Faist, J. [ETH Institute for Quantum Electronics, ETH-Zrich, 8093 Zrich (Switzerland); Trinite, V.; Maisons, G.; Carras, M. [III-V Lab, 1 Avenue Augustin Fresnel, 91767 Palaiseau (France); Aidam, R.; Ostendorf, R. [Fraunhofer-Institut fr Angewandte Festkrperphysik, Tullastrasse 72, 79108 Freiburg (Germany)

2014-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

88

NANOTECHNOLOGY GRADUATE PROGRAM SEMINAR SERIES STEVENS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NANOTECHNOLOGY GRADUATE PROGRAM SEMINAR SERIES STEVENS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY NANOTECHNOLOGY and Engineering Drexel University Nanofiber technology is a branch of nanotechnology that concerns the processing

Fisher, Frank

89

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 19 (2008) 325711 (7pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/19/32/325711  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 19 (2008) 325711 (7pp) doi:10;Nanotechnology 19 (2008) 325711 M C Kum et al directed electrodeposition is regarded

Chen, Wilfred

90

Nanotechnology: Small Matters  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The primary objective of this project was to engage members of the public in an active and balanced deliberative discussion about the social, ethical, legal, environmental, and policy issues arising from nanotechnologies. A second but equally important objective was to interest members of the public in learning more about science and technology and nanotechnology specifically by understanding how it will affect their lives. The objectives were met through a series of electronic and face-to-face citizen forums conducted in conjunction with three Fred Friendly Seminars being taped on the University of California, Berkeley campus in partnership with Lawrence Hall of Science (this forum was conducted in partnership with the St. Louis Science Center); the Boston Museum of Science in Boston, MA; and the State Museum of South Carolina in Columbia, South Carolina. The topical area for each forum paralleled the content of the Fred Friendly Seminars series being taped at each location, but specific topics/issues were drawn from the concerns and interests of the communities. The three topical areas included Environmental Impact (St. Louis), Privacy vs. Security (Boston), and Health and Enhancement (Columbia). The PI and project leader worked with the local science centers to identify stakeholder groups, such as academic, corporate and government scientists; environmental advocates; business leaders; science and technology journalists; and public policy makers within each community. Representatives from each group along with members of the general public were invited to participate in a series of on line and in person deliberations that were designed to provide basic information about the science, its potential benefits and risks, and avenues for public participation in policy formulation. On line resources were designed and managed by ScienceVIEW at Lawrence Hall of Science and Earth & Sky, Inc. The activities at each site were evaluated by Inverness Research Associates to assess whether they have achieved the objectives.

Cynthia Needham

2008-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

91

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 19 (2008) 145304 (11pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/19/14/145304  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 19 (2008) 145304 (11pp) doi:10 Systems (COPS), MESA+ Institute for Nanotechnology and Department of Science and Technology, University+ Institute for Nanotechnology and Department of Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science

Vos, Willem L.

92

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 18 (2007) 375501 (11pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/18/37/375501  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 18 (2007) 375501 (11pp) doi:10 University, R Feneri Yolu, 34450 Sariyer, Istanbul, Turkey 2 Department of Micro and Nanotechnology, Danmarks: Department of Micro and Nanotechnology, Danmarks Tekniske Universitet, DK-2800, Kongens Lyngby, Denmark. 5

Alaca, B. Erdem

93

SUSTAINABLE NANOTECHNOLOGY ORGANIZATION (SNO) Vision The Sustainable Nanotechnology Organization (SNO) is a non-profit, worldwide professional society  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that are engaged in: · Research and development of sustainable nanotechnology · Implementation of sustainable the following: 1. Support the development of sustainable nanotechnology for the improvement of societySUSTAINABLE NANOTECHNOLOGY ORGANIZATION (SNO) Vision The Sustainable Nanotechnology Organization

94

Non-equilibrium dynamics of an ultracold Bose gas under a multi-pulsed quantum quench in interaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the nonequilibrium dynamical properties of a weakly-interacting Bose gas at zero temperature under the multi-pulsed quantum quench in interaction by calculating one-body, two-body correlation functions and Tan's contact of the model system. The multi-pulsed quench is represented as follows: first suddenly quenching the interatomic interaction from $g_{i}$ to $g_{f}$ at time $t=0$, holding time $t$, and then suddenly quenching interaction from $g_{f}$ back to $g_{i}$, holding the time $t$ sequence $n$ times. In particular, two typical kinds of quenching parameters are chosen, corresponding to $(g_{i}/g_{f}>1)$ and $(g_{i}/g_{f}powerful way of studying the non-equilibrium dynamics of many-body quantum system than the `one-off' quantum quench. Finally, we discuss the ultra-short-range properties of the two-body correlation function after the $n$th quenching, which can be used to probe the `Tan'scontact' in experiments. All our calculations can be tested in current cold atom experiments.

Lei Chen; Zhidong Zhang; Zhaoxin Liang

2015-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

95

Non-Newtonian behavior and molecular structure of Cooee bitumen under shear flow: a non-equilibrium molecular dynamics study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The rheology and molecular structure of a model bitumen (Cooee bitumen) under shear is investigated in the non-Newtonian regime using non-equilibrium molecular dynamics simulations. The shear viscosity and normal stress differences of the bitumen mixture are computed at different shear rates and different temperatures. The model bitumen is shown to be a shear-thinning fluid. The corresponding molecular structure is studied at the same shear rates and temperatures. The Cooee bitumen is able to reproduce experimental results showing the formation of nanoaggregates composed of stacks of flat aromatic molecules. These nanoaggregates are immersed in a solvent of saturated hydrocarbon molecules. The nanoaggregates are shown to break up at very high shear rates, leading only to a minor effect on the viscosity of the mixture. At low shear rates, bitumen can be seen as a colloidal suspension of nanoaggregates in a solvent. The slight anisotropy of the whole sample due to the nanoaggregates is considered and quantified. The alignment of docosane molecules due to form and intrinsic birefringence and its effect on the rheological properties of the mixture are discussed. The stress optical rule is shown to be valid only in a limited range of shear rates at high temperatures, because this rule neglects the presence of other molecule types than docosane at high shear rates and the effect of intermolecular alignment, which gets more pronounced at high shear rates.

Claire A. Lemarchand; Nicholas P. Bailey; Billy D. Todd; Peter J. Daivis; Jesper S. Hansen

2015-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

96

Predicting the stellar and non-equilibrium dust emission spectra of high-resolution simulated galaxies with DART-Ray  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe the calculation of the stochastically heated dust emission using the 3D ray-tracing dust radiative transfer code DART-Ray, which is designed to solve the dust radiative transfer problem for galaxies with arbitrary geometries. In order to reduce the time required to derive the non-equilibrium dust emission spectra from each volume element within a model, we implemented an adaptive SED library approach, which we tested for the case of axisymmetric galaxy geometries. To show the capabilities of the code, we applied DART-Ray to a high-resolution N-body+SPH galaxy simulation to predict the appearance of the simulated galaxy at a set of wavelengths from the UV to the sub-mm. We analyse the results to determine the effect of dust on the observed radial and vertical profiles of the stellar emission as well as on the attenuation and scattering of light from the constituent stellar populations. We also quantify the proportion of dust re-radiated stellar light powered by young and old stellar populations, bo...

Natale, Giovanni; Tuffs, Richard J; Debattista, Victor P; Fischera, Jrg; Grootes, Meiert W

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Modeling of non-equilibrium phenomena in expanding flows by means of a collisional-radiative model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effects of non-equilibrium in a quasi-one-dimensional nozzle flow are investigated by means of a collisional-radiative model. The gas undergoing the expansion is an air plasma and consists of atoms, molecules, and free electrons. In the present analysis, the electronic excited states of atomic and molecular species are treated as separate pseudo-species. Rotational and vibrational energy modes are assumed to be populated according to Boltzmann distributions. The coupling between radiation and gas dynamics is accounted for, in simplified manner, by using escape factors. The flow governing equations for the steady quasi-one-dimensional flow are written in conservative form and discretized in space by means of a finite volume method. Steady-state solutions are obtained by using a fully implicit time integration scheme. The analysis of the evolution of the electronic distribution functions reveals a substantial over-population of the high-lying excited levels of atoms and molecules in correspondence of the nozzle exit. The influence of optical thickness is also studied. The results clearly demonstrate that the radiative transitions, within the optically thin approximation, drastically reduce the over-population of high-lying electronic levels.

Munaf, A.; Lani, A. [Aeronautics and Aerospace Department, von Karman Institute for Fluid Dynamics, Chausse de Waterloo 72, 1640 Rhode-Saint-Gense (Belgium)] [Aeronautics and Aerospace Department, von Karman Institute for Fluid Dynamics, Chausse de Waterloo 72, 1640 Rhode-Saint-Gense (Belgium); Bultel, A. [CORIA, UMR CNRS 6614, Universit de Rouen, Site universitaire du Madrillet, Avenue de l'Universit 76801 Saint-Etienne du Rouvray Cedex (France)] [CORIA, UMR CNRS 6614, Universit de Rouen, Site universitaire du Madrillet, Avenue de l'Universit 76801 Saint-Etienne du Rouvray Cedex (France); Panesi, M. [Aerospace Department, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 306 Talbot Lab, 104 S. Wright St., Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States)] [Aerospace Department, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 306 Talbot Lab, 104 S. Wright St., Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States)

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

98

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NANOTECHNOLOGY, VOL. 4, NO. 2, MARCH 2005 153 Benchmarking Nanotechnology for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NANOTECHNOLOGY, VOL. 4, NO. 2, MARCH 2005 153 Benchmarking Nanotechnology Radosavljevic Abstract--Recently there has been tremendous progress made in the research of novel nanotechnology believe that benchmarking is a key element in accelerating the progress of nanotechnology research

Yener, Aylin

99

Nanoscience and chemistry Nanoscience, Nanotechnology, and Chemistry**  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nanoscience and chemistry Nanoscience, Nanotechnology, and Chemistry** George M. Whitesides* Keywords: · chemistry · devices · nanoscience · nanotechnology What is Nanoscience? "Nanoscience and electrical en- gineering, nanoscience is most often associated with quan- tum behavior, and the behavior

Prentiss, Mara

100

SPOTLIGHT on: Lindsay Freeman Chemical Engineering (Nanotechnology)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SPOTLIGHT on: Lindsay Freeman Chemical Engineering (Nanotechnology) Undergraduate Hometown.D. in chemical engineering with an emphasis in nanotechnology. Lindsay stands out as a very well-balanced student

Wang, Hai

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotechnology gc5 non-equilibrium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Societal and Ethical Implications of Nanotechnology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Societal and Ethical Implications of Nanotechnology #12;What is SEI? · Social and Ethical Nanotechnology Research & Development Act of 2003 (PL 108-153) · Established a societal implications research of their research · Provides for public input into nanotechnology research and development #12;Areas of Society

Subramanian, Venkat

102

Computer-based carbon nanotechnology prophecy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Computer-based carbon nanotechnology prophecy As device sizes approach atomic dimensions, much that of experimental observations. No surprise that nanotechnology designers are increasingly turning to large in the nanotechnology domain fulfill the same mission as prophecies of old, namely guiding the evolution towards

103

PROGRAM MANAGER CENTER FOR NANOTECHNOLOGY IN SOCIETY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PROGRAM MANAGER CENTER FOR NANOTECHNOLOGY IN SOCIETY AT ARIZONA STATE UNIVERSITY The Center for Nanotechnology in Society at Arizona State University (CNS-ASU) seeks a Program Manager to organize and coordinate activities, programs, and projects for the Center for Nanotechnology in Society (CNS) at Arizona

Colorado at Boulder, University of

104

Hindawi Publishing Corporation Journal of Nanotechnology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hindawi Publishing Corporation Journal of Nanotechnology Volume 2010, Article ID 801789, 42 pages a general interest in both fundamental and practical nanotechnology. Over the past 20 years, research's -orbital axis vector (POAV) #12;2 Journal of Nanotechnology (0,0) (1,0) (2,0) (3,0) (4,0) (5,0) (1,1) (2

Wang, Yan Alexander

105

Birck Nanotechnology Center Transforming Light with Metamaterials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Birck Nanotechnology Center Transforming Light with Metamaterials (with A.V. Kildishev, W. Cai, V.P. Drachev, S. Xiao, U. Chettiar) OUTLINE Birck Nanotechnology Center Vladimir M. Shalaev Purdue University;Birck Nanotechnology Center Meta-Magnetics: from 10GHz to 200THz Terahertz magnetism a) Yen, et al. ~ 1

Fiebig, Peter

106

Applications of Nanotechnology to Pharmaceutical Product Development  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Applications of Nanotechnology to Pharmaceutical Product Development Wednesday January 27, 2010 physical forms can create limitations in terms of product performance and/or safety. Nanotechnology can of the clinical benefits of using nanotechnology in drug product development.. Bill Bosch has been involved

Fisher, Frank

107

Nanowarriors: Military Nanotechnology and Comic Books  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nanowarriors: Military Nanotechnology and Comic Books Colin Milburn U N I V E R S I T Y O F C A L I with nanotechnology. The Army Research Office had issued broad agency solicitations for such a center in October 2001 what became dubbed the MIT Institute for Soldier Nanotechnologies (ISN). MIT's proposal out- lined

108

master's degree NaNotechNology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

master's degree NaNotechNology When choosing a Master's programme, it is wise to look one step topical, incorporating the latest developments in applied physics, nanotechnology, chemical engineering projects will be carried out at the MESA+ institute for nanotechnology, or the MIRA institute

Twente, Universiteit

109

Physics-Based Mathematical Models for Nanotechnology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Physics-Based Mathematical Models for Nanotechnology 2008 J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 107, 011001, doi: 10 for their excellent support during the workshop. Nanotechnology is the study and application of phenomena at or below. This workshop put strong emphasis on discussions of the new mathematics needed in nanotechnology especially

Melnik, Roderick

110

Nanotechnology: emerging tools for biology and medicine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REVIEW Nanotechnology: emerging tools for biology and medicine Ian Y. Wong,1,2,10 Sangeeta N administration of thera- peutic treatments. Nanotechnology has the potential to transform these paradigms and physical functionality at small length scales. Here, we review nanotechnology- based approaches

Bhatia, Sangeeta

111

Quantum Information Science and Nanotechnology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this note is touched upon an application of quantum information science (QIS) in nanotechnology area. The laws of quantum mechanics may be very important for nano-scale objects. A problem with simulating of quantum systems is well known and quantum computer was initially suggested by R. Feynman just as the way to overcome such difficulties. Mathematical methods developed in QIS also may be applied for description of nano-devices. Few illustrative examples are mentioned and they may be related with so-called fourth generation of nanotechnology products.

Alexander Yu. Vlasov

2009-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

112

THE ABUNDANCE OF MOLECULAR HYDROGEN AND ITS CORRELATION WITH MIDPLANE PRESSURE IN GALAXIES: NON-EQUILIBRIUM, TURBULENT, CHEMICAL MODELS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Observations of spiral galaxies show a strong linear correlation between the ratio of molecular to atomic hydrogen surface density R{sub mol} and midplane pressure. To explain this, we simulate three-dimensional, magnetized turbulence, including simplified treatments of non-equilibrium chemistry and the propagation of dissociating radiation, to follow the formation of H{sub 2} from cold atomic gas. The formation timescale for H{sub 2} is sufficiently long that equilibrium is not reached within the 20-30 Myr lifetimes of molecular clouds. The equilibrium balance between radiative dissociation and H{sub 2} formation on dust grains fails to predict the time-dependent molecular fractions we find. A simple, time-dependent model of H{sub 2} formation can reproduce the gross behavior, although turbulent density perturbations increase molecular fractions by a factor of few above it. In contradiction to equilibrium models, radiative dissociation of molecules plays little role in our model for diffuse radiation fields with strengths less than 10 times that of the solar neighborhood, because of the effective self-shielding of H{sub 2}. The observed correlation of R{sub mol} with pressure corresponds to a correlation with local gas density if the effective temperature in the cold neutral medium of galactic disks is roughly constant. We indeed find such a correlation of R{sub mol} with density. If we examine the value of R{sub mol} in our local models after a free-fall time at their average density, as expected for models of molecular cloud formation by large-scale gravitational instability, our models reproduce the observed correlation over more than an order-of-magnitude range in density.

Mac Low, Mordecai-Mark [Department of Astrophysics, American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West at 79th Street, New York, NY 10024 (United States); Glover, Simon C. O., E-mail: mordecai@amnh.org, E-mail: glover@uni-heidelberg.de [Zentrum der Astrophysik der Universitaet Heidelberg, Institut fuer Theoretische Astrophysik, Albert-Ueberle-Strasse 2, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany)

2012-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

113

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE CoZZoque C7, supplgment au n07, Tome 40, J u i l l e t 1:979, page C7-871 SOME REMARKSON THE NON-EQUILIBRIUM PLASMA DIAGNOSTICS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REMARKSON THE NON-EQUILIBRIUM PLASMA DIAGNOSTICS E.F. Gippius, 6.1. Iljukhin and V.N. Kolesnikov. Lebedev of our investigations The main peculiarities of such plasma diagnostics m e discussed i n review re t o the development of the physical base of non-equilibrium plasma spectroscopy. The transient dense

Boyer, Edmond

114

BOOKS & MEDIA UPDATE Carbon Nanotechnology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of organic semiconductors are introduced in this book, which also gives a clear impression of the rangeBOOKS & MEDIA UPDATE Carbon Nanotechnology Liming Dai (ed.) Elsevier · 2006 · 750 pp ISBN: 0 are reviewed. Contributions by different authors are grouped into three sections on the synthesis, chemistry

Elliott, James

115

Nanoscience and nanotechnology as seen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Science NanoTechnology · Computers · Lasers · Solar energy· Solar energy · Medicine · Materials The path from problem · Finding energy sources and ultimately finding clean energy sources · Current consumption at 13 TW-year · Projected need: 30 TW-year by 2050 · 600 TW of solar energy reaches earth at practical

Shoubridge, Eric

116

Nanotechnology: a slightly different history  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many introductory articles and books about nanotechnology have been written to disseminate this apparently new technology, which investigate and manipulates matter at dimension of a billionth of a meter. However, these texts show in general a common feature: there is very little about the origins of this multidisciplinary field. If anything is mentioned at all, a few dates, facts and characters are reinforced, which under the scrutiny of a careful historical digging do not sustain as really founding landmarks of the field. Nevertheless, in spite of these flaws, such historical narratives bring up important elements to understand and contextualize this human endeavor, as well as the corresponding dissemination among the public: would nanotechnology be a cultural imperative?

Schulz, Peter

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Perspectives Nanotechnology and the public: Effectively communicating nanoscale science  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Perspectives Nanotechnology and the public: Effectively communicating nanoscale science August 2006 Key words: nanotechnology, communication, public knowledge, public understanding the public on concepts and applications associated with nanotechnology. The goal of our work

Crone, Wendy C.

118

Emerging nanotechnology approaches for HIV/AIDS treatment and prevention  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Emerging nanotechnology approaches for HIV/AIDS treatment and prevention The emergence of AIDS effects and is ineffective in patients in whom the virus develops resistance. Nanotechnology of nanotechnology to provide more effective treatment and preven

von Andrian, Ulrich H.

119

Nanotechnology Nanotechnology 25 (2014) 155303 (7pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/25/15/155303  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nanotechnology Nanotechnology 25 (2014) 155303 (7pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/25/15/155303 Anti-4484/14/155303+07$33.00 1 c 2014 IOP Publishing Ltd Printed in the UK #12;Nanotechnology 25 (2014) 155303 J Kim et al we

Ihee, Hyotcherl

120

2nd Workshop on Computations in Nanotechnology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2nd Workshop on Computations in Nanotechnology Keynote Speakers: Mark J. Biggs (Adelaide), Mark: Amit Keren (Technion), Efrat Lifshitz (Technion) Tutorials: Mark J. Biggs (Molecular simulation

Adler, Joan

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotechnology gc5 non-equilibrium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

The Advancements of Cementitious Materials Through Nanotechnology.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??A literature review on the influence of the advancements in nanotechnology on the properties and performance of cementitious materials is presented. The manufacturing, chemistry and (more)

Vegesna, Mohana M 1992-

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

The advancements of cementitious materials through nanotechnology.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??A literature review on the influence of the advancements in nanotechnology on the properties and performance of cementitious materials is presented. The manufacturing, chemistry and (more)

Vegesna, Mohana M.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 18 (2007) 105303 (6pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/18/10/105303  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 18 (2007) 105303 (6pp) doi:10-4484/07/105303+06$30.00 1 © 2007 IOP Publishing Ltd Printed in the UK #12;Nanotechnology 18 (2007) 105303 J M Mativetsky et

Grütter, Peter

124

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 19 (2008) 105709 (6pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/19/10/105709  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 19 (2008) 105709 (6pp) doi:10 universal 0957-4484/08/105709+06$30.00 © 2008 IOP Publishing Ltd Printed in the UK1 #12;Nanotechnology 19

Chan, Derek Y C

125

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 19 (2008) 025701 (12pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/19/02/025701  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 19 (2008) 025701 (12pp) doi:10 in the UK1 #12;Nanotechnology 19 (2008) 025701 N Sinha et al Figure 1. SEM image showing randomly oriented

Melnik, Roderick

126

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 20 (2009) 475305 (5pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/20/47/475305  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 20 (2009) 475305 (5pp) doi:10 IOP Publishing Ltd Printed in the UK1 #12;Nanotechnology 20 (2009) 475305 W Y Fu et al Figure 1

Tian, Weidong

127

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 18 (2007) 165504 (6pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/18/16/165504  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 18 (2007) 165504 (6pp) doi:10-4484/07/165504+06$30.00 1 © 2007 IOP Publishing Ltd Printed in the UK #12;Nanotechnology 18 (2007) 165504 T Zhang et al

128

INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 18 (2007) 055102 (6pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/18/5/055102  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 18 (2007) 055102 (6pp) doi:10-4484/07/055102+06$30.00 1 © 2007 IOP Publishing Ltd Printed in the UK #12;Nanotechnology 18 (2007) 055102 D Dosev et al

Hammock, Bruce D.

129

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 20 (2009) 275603 (13pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/20/27/275603  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 20 (2009) 275603 (13pp) doi:10;Nanotechnology 20 (2009) 275603 J Shan and Y Ju Among various host materials for UCNPs, NaYF4 in either cubic

Ju, Yiguang

130

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 19 (2008) 105301 (4pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/19/10/105301  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 19 (2008) 105301 (4pp) doi:10 spectrum. 0957-4484/08/105301+04$30.00 © 2008 IOP Publishing Ltd Printed in the UK1 #12;Nanotechnology 19

Chen, Junhong

131

The Hebrew University Center for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Hebrew University Center for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Annual Conference 2015 Holiday Inn your work during the Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Center Yearly Conference, which will be held

Simon, Emmanuel

132

The Hebrew University Center for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Hebrew University Center for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Annual Conference 2014 Royal your work during the Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Center Yearly Conference, which will be held

Einat, Aharonov

133

Nanotechnology enterprise in the United States: structure and location.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis investigates the structure and location of the nanotechnology enterprise in the United States. Nanotechnology merits focus because of the high degree of innovative (more)

Bhaskarabhatla, Ajay Sivaram

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Nanotechnology in Cancer Treatment and Detection Richard Acosta  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nanotechnology in Cancer Treatment and Detection Richard Acosta #12;Motivation ·Ineffectiveness or roughly 100 times smaller than most human cells Cancer Nanotechnology research is interdisciplinary

Fygenson, Deborah Kuchnir

135

Micro- & Nano-Technologies Enabling More Compact, Lightweight...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Micro- & Nano-Technologies Enabling More Compact, Lightweight Thermoelectric Power Generation & Cooling Systems Micro- & Nano-Technologies Enabling More Compact, Lightweight...

136

Nanotechnology and algae biofuels exhibits open July 26 at the...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Nanotechnology and algae biofuels exhibits open July 26 Nanotechnology and algae biofuels exhibits open July 26 at the Bradbury Science Museum The Bradbury Science Museum is...

137

Birck Nanotechnology Center Vladimir M. Shalaev  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-Space Black hole #12;V. M. Shalaev, Oct. 26, 2007 5 Birck Nanotechnology Center Invisibility to Radar: Stealth Technology Stealth technique: Radar cross-section reductions by absorbing paint / non- metallic frame / shape 14 Birck Nanotechnology Center Natural Optical Materials Semiconductors Crystals Water Air metals #12

Shalaev, Vladimir M.

138

WHICH MODEL OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER FOR NANOTECHNOLOGY?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 WHICH MODEL OF TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER FOR NANOTECHNOLOGY? A Comparison with Biotech, where technology transfer and knowledge-bridging will play a pivotal role in the industrial dynamics of the microelectronics sector. Keywords. Nanotechnology ­ biotechnology ­ microelectronics ­ technology transfer

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

139

Numerical study of atomic production rate in hydrogen negative ion sources with the effect of non-equilibrium electron energy distribution function  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Spatial non-uniformity of the dissociative hydrogen atom (H{sup 0}) production has been investigated in a large negative ion source (JAEA 10 A source) with the electron energy distribution function (EEDF) obtained by a Monte-Carlo simulation code for electron transport in 3D3V (three dimensional real and velocity) space. It has been shown that the H{sup 0} production rate becomes larger in the upper region (one side in the longitudinal direction) of the source chamber. This spatial non-uniformity of the H{sup 0} production profile is mainly explained by the non-equilibrium features of the EEDF in the upper region, i.e., the EEDF consists of thermal electron component with kinetic energy ? < 25 eV and fast electron component with energy ? > 25 eV in the upper region, while the EEDF mainly consists of only thermal electrons in the bottom region. These characteristics for the EEDF and the energy dependence of cross-sections for dissociation and dissociative ionization processes lead to the non-uniform profile of the H{sup 0} production. The above numerical results of the spatial H{sup 0} non-uniformity are validated and confirmed by comparisons with those by spectroscopic measurement. It has been clarified that the non-equilibrium (fast electron) component of the EEDF has a large contribution to the non-uniformity of the H{sup 0} production rate.

Shibata, T.; Hatayama, A. [Keio University, 3-14-1 Hiyoshi, Yokohama 223-8522 (Japan)] [Keio University, 3-14-1 Hiyoshi, Yokohama 223-8522 (Japan); Kashiwagi, M.; Inoue, T.; Hanada, M. [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 801-1 Mukouyama, Naka 311-0193 (Japan)] [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 801-1 Mukouyama, Naka 311-0193 (Japan)

2013-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

140

1.0 Introduction 1.1 Definition of Nanotechnology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 1.0 Introduction 1.1 Definition of Nanotechnology Nanotechnology is the art and science improvements in technologies for protecting the environment. While many definitions for nanotechnology exist Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI), a U.S. Government research and development (R&D) program established

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotechnology gc5 non-equilibrium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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141

Nanotechnology for Life Sciences Vol. 4: Nanodevices for Life Sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nanotechnology for Life Sciences Vol. 4: Nanodevices for Life Sciences Protein-based nanotechnology such as semiconductors into functional materials.11,12 Another example of protein based nanotechnology is the push in nanotechnology18,19 and on applications of kinesin motors in microscale transport.4 Finally, there is a paralle

Hancock, William O.

142

Nanowires As Building Blocks for Bottom-Up Nanotechnology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;Nanowires As Building Blocks for Bottom-Up Nanotechnology The field of nanotechnology/or combinations of function in an integrated nanosystem. To enable this bottom-up approach for nanotechnology-dimensional (1D) nanostruc- tures at the forefront of nanoscience and nanotechnology. NWs and NBs are typi- cally

Wang, Zhong L.

143

www.kostic.niu.edu/DRnanofluids Wet-Nanotechnology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 www.kostic.niu.edu/DRnanofluids Wet-Nanotechnology: nanofluids at NIU www.kostic.niu.edu/DRnanofluids Dry- vs. Wet-nanotechnology · Fluids (gases & liquids) vs. Solids in Nature and (Chemical & Bio, and processes · Synergy of dry-nanotechnology (solid-state) & wet-nanotechnology (POLY-nanofluids) #12;2 www

Kostic, Milivoje M.

144

Level MSc 2013/14 Nanoscience to Nanotechnology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Level MSc 2013/14 Nanoscience to Nanotechnology MSc Nanoscience to Nanotechnology Coordinator: Dr Nanoscale Structures and Devices 10 Credits Mr. TGG Maffeis/Dr. L Li/Dr. KS Teng EGNM02 Soft Nanotechnology Nano(geno)toxicology 10 Credits Dr. SH Doak EGNM05 Bio-nanotechnology 10 Credits Dr. CJ Wright PM-M23

Martin, Ralph R.

145

INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 15 (2004) S495S503 PII: S0957-4484(04)74968-5  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 15 (2004) S495­S503 PII: S0957-4484(04)74968-5 Scaffolding for nanotechnology: extraordinary infrared transmission of metal microarrays for stacked sensors of nanotechnology. They provide an interface between the macroworld and nanoworld since a microchannel can

146

INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 17 (2006) 57175721 doi:10.1088/0957-4484/17/23/001  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 17 (2006) 5717­5721 doi:10), MESA+ Institute for Nanotechnology and Department of Science and Technology, University of Twente, PO Box 217, NL-7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands 2 MESA+ Institute for Nanotechnology, University

Vos, Willem L.

147

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 21 (2010) 405704 (6pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/21/40/405704  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 21 (2010) 405704 (6pp) doi:10 Online at stacks.iop.org/Nano/21/405704 Abstract Although nanoscience and nanotechnology have been in the UK & the USA1 #12;Nanotechnology 21 (2010) 405704 W Mai and X Deng difficult, prohibiting

Deng, Xinwei

148

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 19 (2008) 335707 (6pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/19/33/335707  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 19 (2008) 335707 (6pp) doi:10 for nanotechnology. However, since the discovery of stable multi-layers and single layers of graphene [2], the latter quickly shifted into the focus of nanotechnology as well. For carbon nanotubes a simple tight

Fehske, Holger

149

Nanotechnology and the hope for a more equitable world : a mixed methods study .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??In this dissertation I explore nanotechnologys foreseen implications for the global South by asking: to what extent does nanotechnology offer hope for a more equitable (more)

Maclurcan, Donald Charles

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Swedish Companies and Nanotechnology - Perception of Nanotechnology Health and Environmental Risks.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??VINNOVA (The Swedish Governmental Agency for Innovation Systems), has been assigned the task of leading the development of a Swedish nanotechnology strategy; a strategy which (more)

Dahlf, Carl-Arvid

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Nanotechnology-mediated targeting of tumor angiogenesis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract Angiogenesis is disregulated in many diseased states, most notably in cancer. An emerging strategy for the development of therapies targeting tumor-associated angiogenesis is to harness the potential of nanotechnology ...

Banerjee, Deboshri

152

Fundamental enabling issues in nanotechnology :  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To effectively integrate nanotechnology into functional devices, fundamental aspects of material behavior at the nanometer scale must be understood. Stresses generated during thin film growth strongly influence component lifetime and performance; stress has also been proposed as a mechanism for stabilizing supported nanoscale structures. Yet the intrinsic connections between the evolving morphology of supported nanostructures and stress generation are still a matter of debate. This report presents results from a combined experiment and modeling approach to study stress evolution during thin film growth. Fully atomistic simulations are presented predicting stress generation mechanisms and magnitudes during all growth stages, from island nucleation to coalescence and film thickening. Simulations are validated by electrodeposition growth experiments, which establish the dependence of microstructure and growth stresses on process conditions and deposition geometry. Sandia is one of the few facilities with the resources to combine experiments and modeling/theory in this close a fashion. Experiments predicted an ongoing coalescence process that generates signficant tensile stress. Data from deposition experiments also supports the existence of a kinetically limited compressive stress generation mechanism. Atomistic simulations explored island coalescence and deposition onto surfaces intersected by grain boundary structures to permit investigation of stress evolution during later growth stages, e.g. continual island coalescence and adatom incorporation into grain boundaries. The predictive capabilities of simulation permit direct determination of fundamental processes active in stress generation at the nanometer scale while connecting those processes, via new theory, to continuum models for much larger island and film structures. Our combined experiment and simulation results reveal the necessary materials science to tailor stress, and therefore performance, in nanostructures and, eventually, integrated nanocomponents.

Floro, Jerrold Anthony; Foiles, Stephen Martin; Hearne, Sean Joseph; Hoyt, Jeffrey John; Seel, Steven Craig; Webb, Edmund Blackburn,; Morales, Alfredo Martin; Zimmerman, Jonathan A.

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

The Navy's Program in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology A Look Ahead  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Navy's Program in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology ­ A Look Ahead Robert Kavetsky Office of Naval anticipated in the early 1980s the possible opportunities nanoscience and nanotechnology might bring leadership in the arenas of nanoscience and nanotechnology through its coordination and collaboration

Maryland at College Park, University of

154

National Aeronautics and Space Administration NaNotechNology Roadmap  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

National Aeronautics and Space Administration · NaNotechNology Roadmap Technology Area 10 Michael A: Nanotechnology. NASA developed this DRAFT Space Technology Roadmap for use by the National Research Council (NRC Nanotechnology involves the manipulation of matter at the atomic level, where convention- al physics breaks down

Waliser, Duane E.

155

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING LONDON CENTRE FOR NANOTECHNOLOGY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING LONDON CENTRE FOR NANOTECHNOLOGY Chair/Readership in Nanoelectronics/Nanophotonics Ref:1335861 UCL Department / Division: London Centre for Nanotechnology / Department of nanotechnology for electronics and/or photonics. The appointment will be at Lecturer, Senior Lecturer, Reader

Haddadi, Hamed

156

From Consumer Resistance to Stakeholder Resistance The case of nanotechnology*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 From Consumer Resistance to Stakeholder Resistance The case of nanotechnology* Caroline Gauthier proposes to study the resistance of stakeholders, by exploring the nanotech field. Nanotechnology is today in the resistance context. Keywords. Nanotechnology; Resistance Bio. Caroline Gauthier is currently Professor

Boyer, Edmond

157

Research Priorities to Advance Eco-Responsible Nanotechnology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Research Priorities to Advance Eco- Responsible Nanotechnology Pedro J. J. Alvarez,, * Vicki Colvin nanotechnology revolution has great potential to enhance a wide variety of products, services, and in- dustries than a future environmental liability, the Interna- tional Council on Nanotechnology (ICON

Alvarez, Pedro J.

158

Engineering Nanotechnology at Rice University has been huge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Materials Engineering Abstract Nanotechnology at Rice University has been huge since the discovery by a revolution in nanotechnology. Solving the world's energy (and climate, and water) challenges will demand revolutionary breakthroughs in the physical sciences and engineering, and nanotechnology offers unprecedented

159

updated 3/17/08 Birck Nanotechnology Center  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

updated 3/17/08 1 Birck Nanotechnology Center This script assumes that the tour begins at the Birck Nanotechnology Center Main Entrance on Level 1, and continues through the major open areas of the facility Nanotechnology Center is very safe, but as a precaution, we are asking you to explain the information below

160

Spin-polarization and spin-dependent logic gates in a double quantum ring based on Rashba spin-orbit effect: Non-equilibrium Green's function approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Spin-dependent electron transport in an open double quantum ring, when each ring is made up of four quantum dots and threaded by a magnetic flux, is studied. Two independent and tunable gate voltages are applied to induce Rashba spin-orbit effect in the quantum rings. Using non-equilibrium Green's function formalism, we study the effects of electron-electron interaction on spin-dependent electron transport and show that although the electron-electron interaction induces an energy gap, it has no considerable effect when the bias voltage is sufficiently high. We also show that the double quantum ring can operate as a spin-filter for both spin up and spin down electrons. The spin-polarization of transmitted electrons can be tuned from ?1 (pure spin-down current) to +1 (pure spin-up current) by changing the magnetic flux and/or the gates voltage. Also, the double quantum ring can act as AND and NOR gates when the system parameters such as Rashba coefficient are properly adjusted.

Eslami, Leila, E-mail: Leslami@iust.ac.ir; Esmaeilzadeh, Mahdi, E-mail: mahdi@iust.ac.ir [Department of Physics, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran 16846 (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2014-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotechnology gc5 non-equilibrium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Ali Shakouri Director, Birck Nanotechnology Center  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

has applications in advancing technology for electric-powered ships and other electric vehicles. DrAli Shakouri Director, Birck Nanotechnology Center Professor, Electrical and Computer Engineering shakouri@purdue.edu 765-494-3509 Ali Shakouri is a Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Ginzel, Matthew

162

DNA nanotechnology: understanding and optimisation through simulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DNA nanotechnology promises to provide controllable self-assembly on the nanoscale, allowing for the design of static structures, dynamic machines and computational architectures. In this article I review the state-of-the art of DNA nanotechnology, highlighting the need for a more detailed understanding of the key processes, both in terms of theoretical modelling and experimental characterisation. I then consider coarse-grained models of DNA, mesoscale descriptions that have the potential to provide great insight into the operation of DNA nanotechnology if they are well designed. In particular, I discuss a number of nanotechnological systems that have been studied with oxDNA, a recently developed coarse-grained model, highlighting the subtle interplay of kinetic, thermodynamic and mechanical factors that can determine behaviour. Finally, new results highlighting the importance of mechanical tension in the operation of a two-footed walker are presented, demonstrating that recovery from an unintended `overstepped' configuration can be accelerated by three to four orders of magnitude by application of a moderate tension to the walker's track. More generally, the walker illustrates the possibility of biasing strand-displacement processes to affect the overall rate.

Thomas E. Ouldridge

2014-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

163

Control Banding and Nanotechnology Synergist  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The average Industrial Hygienist (IH) loves a challenge, right? Okay, well here is one with more than a few twists. We start by going through the basics of a risk assessment. You have some chemical agents, a few workers, and the makings of your basic exposure characterization. However, you have no occupational exposure limit (OEL), essentially no toxicological basis, and no epidemiology. Now the real handicap is that you cannot use sampling pumps, cassettes, tubes, or any of the media in your toolbox, and the whole concept of mass-to-dose is out the window, even at high exposure levels. Of course, by the title, you knew we were talking about nanomaterials (NM). However, we wonder how many IHs know that this topic takes everything you know about your profession and turns it upside down. It takes the very foundations that you worked so hard in college and in the field to master and pulls it out from underneath you. It even takes the gold standard of our profession, the quantitative science of exposure assessment, and makes it look pretty darn rusty. Now with NM there is the potential to get some aspect of quantitative measurements, but the instruments are generally very expensive and getting an appropriate workplace personal exposure measurement can be very difficult if not impossible. The potential for workers getting exposures, however, is very real, as evidenced by a recent publication reporting worker exposures to polyacrylate nanoparticles in a Chinese factory (Song et al. 2009). With something this complex and challenging, how does a concept as simple as Control Banding (CB) save the day? Although many IHs have heard of CB, most of their knowledge comes from its application in the COSHH Essentials toolkit. While there is conflicting published research on COSHH Essentials and its value for risk assessments, almost all of the experts agree that it can be useful when no OELs are available (Zalk and Nelson 2008). It is this aspect of CB, its utility with uncertainty, that attracted international NM experts to recommend this qualitative risk assessment approach for NM. However, since their CB recommendation was only in theory, we took on the challenge of developing a working toolkit, the CB Nanotool (see Zalk et al. 2009 and Paik et al. 2008), as a means to perform a risk assessment and protect researchers at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. While it's been acknowledged that engineered NM have potentially endless benefits for society, it became clear to us that the very properties that make nanotechnology so useful to industry could also make them dangerous to humans and the environment. Among the uncertainties and unknowns with NM are: the contribution of their physical structure to their toxicity, significant differences in their deposition and clearance in the lungs when compared to their parent material (PM), a lack of agreement on the appropriate indices for exposure to NM, and very little background information on exposure scenarios or populations at risk. Part of this lack of background information can be traced to the lack of risk assessments historically performed in the industry, with a recent survey indicating that 65% of companies working with NM are not doing any kind of NM-specific risk assessment as they focus on traditional PM methods for IH (Helland et al. 2009). The good news is that the amount of peer-reviewed publications that address environmental, health and safety aspects of NM has been increasing over the last few years; however, the percentage of these that address practical methods to reduce exposure and protect workers is orders of magnitude lower. Our intent in developing the CB Nanotool was to create a simplified approach that would protect workers while unraveling the mysteries of NM for experts and non-experts alike. Since such a large part of the toxicological effects of both the physical and chemical properties of NM were unknown, not to mention changing logarithmically as new NM research continues growing, we needed to account for this lack of information as part of the CB Nano

Zalk, D; Paik, S

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

164

Multidisciplinary Cognitive Content of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This article examines the cognitive evolution and disciplinary diversity of nanotechnology as expressed through the terminology used in titles of nano journal articles. The analysis is based on the NanoBank bibliographic database of 287,106 nano articles published between 1981 and 2004. We perform multifaceted analyses of title words, focusing on 100 most frequent terms. Hierarchical clustering of title terms reveals three distinct time periods of cognitive development of nano research: formative (1981-1990), early (1991-1998), and current (after 1998). Early period is characterized by the introduction of thin film deposition techniques, while the current period is characterized by the increased focus on carbon nanotube and nanoparticle research. We introduce a method to identify disciplinary components of nanotechnology. It shows that the nano research is being carried out in a number of diverse parent disciplines. Currently only 5% of articles are published in dedicated nano-only journals. We find that some...

Milojevi?, Staa

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

What is nanotechnology ? | About | Contact | Affiliates | Advertising | Companies Products People News Books Jobs Newsletter Services Login/Register  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

What is nanotechnology ? | About | Contact | Affiliates | Advertising | Companies Products People Company Products Nanotechnology courses Nanotechnology Jobs Partners Wanted Jobs Wanted Articles - English: Nanotechnology offers unique opportunities to advance the life sciences by facilitating the delivery

Espinosa, Horacio D.

166

Nanotechnology Research, Education, and Outreach by the Integrated Nanosystems Development Institute (INDI)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nanotechnology Research, Education, and Outreach by the Integrated Nanosystems Development IUPUI's Signature Center Initiative to advance nanotechnology-based systems research and spark student interest in this emerging STEM field. Innovation in the field of nanotechnology arises from

Zhou, Yaoqi

167

Requirements for a Concentration in Nanotechnology The concentration in Nanotechnology can be earned by any student within the College of Engineering by fulfilling the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Requirements for a Concentration in Nanotechnology The concentration in Nanotechnology can. As an introduction to the concentration, one of the (proposed) EK 131/132 nanotechnology modules is recommended but not required. Students planning to pursue a concentration in Nanotechnology should declare their intent

Goldberg, Bennett

168

Nanotechnology Applications in Self-Assembly and DNA Computing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

building blocks. Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology,and Theoretical Nanoscience, 7, 1120-1126. Huang, Y. ,Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience, 7, 826-830. Chen,

Akin, Hayri Engin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

DNA-inspired materials for 'bottom-up' nanotechnology.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??DNA is a remarkable material that is both an inspiration for polymer nanotechnology and a versatile building block for assembling well-defined nanostructures. To create polymeric (more)

Ishihara, Yoshihiro.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

PA Nanotechnology 2012 Nanotech's Role in Advancing PA's Economy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PA Nanotechnology 2012 Nanotech's Role in Advancing PA's Economy June 5, 2012 Harrisburg University technologies that can impact your business and Pennsylvania's economy Moderator: Charles Brumlik, Nanobiz #12

Gilchrist, James F.

171

The National Nanotechnology Initiative's nanoEHS Workshop Series: February 24-25, 2009: Human and Environmental Exposure Assessment of Nanomaterials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The National Nanotechnology Initiative's nanoEHS Workshop Series: February 24-25, 2009: Human & Ethical, Legal, and Societal Implications of Nanotechnology National Nanotechnology Initiative Save in the National Nanotechnology Initiative's Strategy for Nanotechnology-related Environmental, Health, and Safety

172

UNDERGRADUATE JOURNAL IN NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY Professor Mark Hersam, editor; Kathleen Cook, managing editor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UNDERGRADUATE JOURNAL IN NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY Professor Mark Hersam, editor; Kathleen journal dedicated to nanoscience and nanotechnology. Aspiring authors went through a peer-review process

Shull, Kenneth R.

173

E-Print Network 3.0 - afm-based nanotechnology elucidates Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

nanotechnology elucidates Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: afm-based nanotechnology elucidates Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Peter...

174

E-Print Network 3.0 - asme nanotechnology institute Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

nanotechnology institute Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: asme nanotechnology institute Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Institute for...

175

Supramolecular DNA nanotechnology : discrete nanoparticle organization, three-dimensional DNA construction, and molecule templated DNA assembly.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The field of structural DNA nanotechnology utilizes DNA's powerful base-pairing molecular recognition criteria to help solve real challenges facing researchers in material science and nanotechnology, (more)

Aldaye, Faisal A., 1979-

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Post-Genomics Nanotechnology Is Gaining Momentum: Nanoproteomics and Applications in Life Sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Post-Genomics Nanotechnology Is Gaining Momentum: Nanoproteomics and Applications in Life Sciences of nanotechnology applications, including nanoporous structures, functionalized nanoparticles, quantum dots

Tan, Weihong

177

nature nanotechnology | VOL 4 | MARCH 2009 | www.nature.com/naturenanotechnology 139 researchhighlights  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

nature nanotechnology | VOL 4 | MARCH 2009 | www.nature.com/naturenanotechnology 139) The demand for nanotechnology is rapid, and this growth comes with concerns about health risks

Vertes, Akos

178

E-Print Network 3.0 - answers cancer nanotechnology Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

answers cancer nanotechnology Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: answers cancer nanotechnology Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1...

179

Promising, contesting and abandoning nanotechnology: dynamics of unrealised promises, expectations, and engagement with nanotechnology in the Australian context .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Over the last two decades ???nanotechnology???, a term applied to both scientific research and disparate new and emerging technologies, has become an important focus of (more)

McGrail, Stephen Daniel

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Applications of nanotechnology in water and wastewater treatment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Applications of nanotechnology in water and wastewater treatment Xiaolei Qu, Pedro J.J. Alvarez and wastewater treatment Water reuse Sorption Membrane processes Photocatalysis Disinfection Microbial control. Nanotechnology holds great potential in advancing water and wastewater treatment to improve treatment efficiency

Alvarez, Pedro J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotechnology gc5 non-equilibrium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

National Nanotechnology Initiative's Signature Initiative Sustainable Nanomanufacturing: Creating the Industries of the Future  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation for the Sustainable Nanomaterials Workshop by National Nanotechnology Coordination Office held on June 26, 2012

182

Nanotechnology Today 2010: NanoReg & Keller and Heckman Announce Continuation of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nanotechnology Today 2010: NanoReg & Keller and Heckman Announce Continuation of Popular Nanotechnology Webinar Series Building on last year's popular webinars on the regulation of nanotechnology, Keller and Heckman & NanoReg are pleased to announce Nanotechnology Today 2010, a series of four new

Gilchrist, James F.

183

at the NatioNal iNstitutes of health Nanotechnology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at the NatioNal iNstitutes of health Nanotechnology New UNderstaNdiNg, New Capabilities, & New (2007) 318:430-43 - Researchers at the Center for Cancer Nanotechnology Excellence focused of Professor Shan X. Wang, PhD, and Sebastian J. Osterfeld, PhD. #12;what is nanotechnology? Nanotechnology

Bandettini, Peter A.

184

Nanoscience and Nanotechnology: From Energy Applications to Advanced Medical Therapies  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Dr. Rajh will present a general talk on nanotechnology ? an overview of why nanotechnology is important and how it is useful in various fields. The specific focus will be on Solar energy conversion, environmental applications and advanced medical therapies. She has broad expertise in synthesis and characterization of nanomaterials that are used in nanotechnology including novel hybrid systems connecting semiconductors to biological molecules like DNA and antibodies. This technology could lead to new gene therapy procedures, cancer treatments and other medical applications. She will also discuss technologies made possible by organizing small semiconductor particles called quantum dots, materials that exhibit a rich variety of phenomena that are size and shape dependent. Development of these new materials that harnesses the unique properties of materials at the 1-100 nanometer scale resulted in the new field of nanotechnology that currently affects many applications in technological and medical fields.

Tijana Rajh

2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

185

PA Regional Nanotechnology Conference Collaborating in Today's Economy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

4/23/2009 Present PA Regional Nanotechnology Conference Collaborating in Today's Economy May 27's future economy and workforce will be affected by new initiatives such as development and implementation

Gilchrist, James F.

186

ig research into the tiny world of nanotechnology received a giant boost with the establishment of the Russell Berrie Nanotechnology Institute (RBNI) at the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

B ig research into the tiny world of nanotechnology received a giant boost with the establishment of the Russell Berrie Nanotechnology Institute (RBNI) at the Technion. "The Technion's ranking as a world leader in nanotechnology strongly influenced our decision," said Angelica Berrie, president of the Russell Berrie

Rimon, Elon

187

Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies 2011 Annual Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We are pleased to share with you this 2011 edition of the Annual Report from the Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies (CINT) and the growing excitement we feel around cementing our brand as a leader in integration nanoscience. This can be seen most readily in the momentum we have achieved in our signature Integration Focus Activities (IFAs). These efforts unite our scientists across our four scientific Thrust areas with our users to concentrate research on larger-scale nanoscience integration challenges for specific classes of nanomaterials, systems, and phenomena. All three of our current IFAs (p. 10) now have a full head of steam, and nearly 30% of our current user projects map in some meaningful way to one of these IFAs. As part of our redoubled effort to increase our industrial user base, we are also looking to leverage these IFAs to build a stronger link to and spur recruitment within our industrial user community. We believe that the IFAs are a natural community-building tool with an intrinsic value proposition for industry; an R&D pipeline that can lead to more mature, more commercially well-positioned technologies. Finally, as nanoscience and nanotechnology are maturing, we as a research community are beginning to see our efforts extend in many exciting new directions. Our focus on nanoscience integration positions us very well to capitalize on new opportunities including the emerging Mesoscale Initiative within the DOE Office of Science. Many aspects of mesoscale science are embodied in the integration of nanoscale building blocks. We are equally proud of our continuing strong performance in support of our user program. We have fully transitioned to our new user proposal database providing enhanced convenience and flexibility for proposal submission and review. In our two regular proposal calls this year we received a total of 225 proposals, an increase of 10% over our 2010 performance. Our official count on number of users for the period remains at {approx}350 and continues to reflect full engagement of our scientific staff. We are also seeing a steady increase in our industrial user base, with the number of industrial proposals (including Rapid Access proposals) doubling in 2011. We attribute this in part of our outreach efforts including our focused industrial session in each of our past two annual User Conferences. The Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies (CINT) is a Department of Energy/Office of Science Nanoscale Science Research Center (NSRC) operating as a national user facility devoted to establishing the scientific principles that govern the design, performance, and integration of nanoscale materials. Jointly operated by Los Alamos and Sandia National Laboratories, CINT explores the continuum from scientific discovery to use-inspired research, with a focus on the integration of nanoscale materials and structures to achieve new properties and performance and their incorporation into the micro- and macro worlds. Through its Core Facility at Sandia National Laboratories and its Gateway Facility at Los Alamos National Laboratory, CINT provides open access to tools and expertise needed to explore the continuum from scientific discovery to the integration of nanostructures into the micro- and macro worlds. In its overall operations, CINT strives to achieve the following goals common to all Nanoscale Science Research Centers: (1) Conduct forefront research in nanoscale science; (2) Operate as a user facility for scientific research; (3) Provide user access to the relevant BES-supported expertise and capabilities at the host national laboratory; and (4) Leverage other relevant national laboratory capabilities to enhance scientific opportunities for the nanoscience user community. These additional goals are specific to the unique CINT mission: (5) Establish and lead a scientific community dedicated to solving nanoscale science integration challenges; and (6) Create a single user facility program that combines expertise and facilities at both Los Alamos and Sandia National Laboratories. The CINT user pro

Sanders, Antonya [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

188

176 nature nanotechnology | VOL 5 | MARCH 2010 | www.nature.com/naturenanotechnology news & views  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

176 nature nanotechnology | VOL 5 | MARCH 2010 | www.nature.com/naturenanotechnology news & views P humidity. Writing in Nature Nanotechnology, Saeed Moghaddam, Mark Shannon and colleagues1 at the University

Buratto, Steve

189

Nanotechnology in our Daily Life Iridescent car paint: Based on interference colors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nanotechnology in our Daily Life Iridescent car paint: Based on interference colors (like a butterly, no bleaching after 5 years Miami) #12;Nanotechnology on our Desktops Hard Disk Sensor Medium

Himpsel, Franz J.

190

Nanotechnology 7 (1996) 438442. Printed in the UK Nanometer-scale phase separation in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nanotechnology 7 (1996) 438­442. Printed in the UK Nanometer-scale phase separation in mixed extend into the realm of nanotechnology, an understanding of the properties and behavior

Parikh, Atul N.

191

International Conference on Nanoscience and Nanotechnology "Aligarh Nano-IV International 2014"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

not and cannot miss the nanotechnology revolution as we have missed the industrial revolution , and that he

Nahar, Sultana Nurun

192

"Nanotechnology Enabled Advanced Industrial Heat Transfer Fluids"  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

ABSTRACT Nanotechnology Enabled Advanced industrial Heat Transfer Fluids Improving the efficiency of Industrial Heat Exchangers offers a great opportunity to improve overall process efficiencies in diverse industries such as pharmaceutical, materials manufacturing and food processing. The higher efficiencies can come in part from improved heat transfer during both cooling and heating of the material being processed. Additionally, there is great interest in enhancing the performance and reducing the weight of heat exchangers used in automotives in order to increase fuel efficiency. The goal of the Phase I program was to develop nanoparticle containing heat transfer fluids (e.g., antifreeze, water, silicone and hydrocarbon-based oils) that are used in transportation and in the chemical industry for heating, cooling and recovering waste heat. Much work has been done to date at investigating the potential use of nanoparticle-enhanced thermal fluids to improve heat transfer in heat exchangers. In most cases the effect in a commercial heat transfer fluid has been marginal at best. In the Phase I work, we demonstrated that the thermal conductivity, and hence heat transfer, of a fluid containing nanoparticles can be dramatically increased when subjected to an external influence. The increase in thermal conductivity was significantly larger than what is predicted by commonly used thermal models for two-phase materials. Additionally, the surface of the nanoparticles was engineered so as to have a minimal influence on the viscosity of the fluid. As a result, a nanoparticle-laden fluid was successfully developed that can lead to enhanced heat transfer in both industrial and automotive heat exchangers

Dr. Ganesh Skandan; Dr. Amit Singhal; Mr. Kenneth Eberts; Mr. Damian Sobrevilla; Prof. Jerry Shan; Stephen Tse; Toby Rossmann

2008-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

193

Nanotechnology finding its way into flame retardancy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nanotechnology is one of the key technologies of the 21{sup st} century. The exploitation of 'new' effects that arise from materials structured on the nano-scale has also been proposed successfully for flame retardancy of polymers since the end of the 90s. Of all of the approaches these include, at this time the use of nanocomposites offers the best potential for industrial application, also some other ideas are sketched, such as using electrospun nanofibers mats or layer-by-layer deposits as protection coatings, as well as sub-micrometer multilayer coatings as effective IR-mirrors. The general phenomena, inducing a flow limit in the pyrolysing melt and changing the fire residue, are identified in nanocomposites. Key experiments are performed such as quasi online investigation of the protection layer formation to understand what is going on in detail. The flame retardancy mechanisms are discussed and their impact on fire behaviour quantified. With the latter, the presentation pushes forward the state of the art. For instance, the heat shielding is experimentally quantified for a layered silicate epoxy resin nanocomposite proving that it is the only import mechanism controlling the reduction in peak heat release rate in the investigated system for different irradiations. The flame retardancy performance is assessed comprehensively illuminating not only the strengths but also the weak points of the concepts. Guidelines for materials development are deduced and discussed. Apart from inorganic fillers (layered silicate, boehmite, etc.) not only carbon nanoobjects such as multiwall carbon nanotubes, multilayer graphene and graphene are investigated, but also nanoparticles that are more reactive and harbor the potential for more beneficial interactions with the polymer matrix.

Schartel, Bernhard, E-mail: bernhard.schartel@bam.de [BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, Unter den Eichen 87, 12205 Berlin (Germany)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

194

WORKING DOCUMENT for ISC -DRAFT -October 11th "Nanosciences, Nanotechnologies, Materials and new  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WORKING DOCUMENT for ISC - DRAFT - October 11th 2006 Theme 4 "Nanosciences, Nanotechnologies ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of contents I Context 1 II Content of Calls 5 Nanosciences and Nanotechnologies 7 Materials 18 New "Nanosciences, Nanotechnologies, Materials and new Production Technologies ­ NMP" is to fund research

Meju, Max

195

Comptes rendus l'Acadmie des Sciences Special issue on nanosciences/nanotechnologies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comptes rendus à l'Académie des Sciences Special issue on nanosciences/nanotechnologies March 1st manuscript, published in "Comptes rendus à l'Académie des Sciences (2011) Special issue on nanosciences/ nanotechnologies" #12;Comptes rendus à l'Académie des Sciences Special issue on nanosciences/nanotechnologies March

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

196

WORKING DOCUMENT -DRAFT -September 12th "Nanosciences, Nanotechnologies, Materials and new  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WORKING DOCUMENT - DRAFT - September 12th 2006 Theme 4 "Nanosciences, Nanotechnologies, Materials ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Table of contents I. Context 1 II. Content of Calls 5 Nanosciences and Nanotechnologies 7 Materials 15 - September 12th 2006 I Context I.1 Policy context Theme 4 "Nanosciences, Nanotechnologies, Materials and new

Meju, Max

197

Research review paper Point-of-care assays for tuberculosis: Role of nanotechnology/microfluidics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Research review paper Point-of-care assays for tuberculosis: Role of nanotechnology/microfluidics Keywords: Tuberculosis Point-of-care Nanotechnology Microfluidics Tuberculosis (TB) remains one of the most for TB diagnosis, and highlight the recent advances in nanotechnology and microfluidics that potentially

Demirci, Utkan

198

Nanotechnology has variously been described as a transformative technology, an enabling technology, and the next technological  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nanotechnology has variously been described as a transformative technology, an enabling technology nanotechnology having a significant impact on society over the coming decades. However, enthusiasm over the rate. As nanotechnology moves toward widespread commercialization, not only is the debate over preventing adverse

Moeck, Peter

199

nature nanotechnology | VOL 5 | DECEMBER 2010 | www.nature.com/naturenanotechnology 825 correspondence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

nature nanotechnology | VOL 5 | DECEMBER 2010 | www.nature.com/naturenanotechnology 825 purpose of publishing research papers in various areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology. Many­4 . This article will quantify the growth over time in the number of nanotechnology journals using three databases

Zhang, Minghua

200

Boundary spanning, knowledge dynamics and emerging innovation systems early lessons from nanotechnology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

nanotechnology DIME Workshop "Industrial innovation dynamics and knowledge characteristics, exploring systems. Using nanotechnology as a case the paper focuses on analysing boundary spanning effects to capture possible changes in the knowledge base and search modes related to the rise of nanotechnology

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotechnology gc5 non-equilibrium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Kelvin Nanotechnology Ltd (KNT) GUIDE TO INFORMATION AVAILABLE THROUGH OUR PUBLICATION SCHEME  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kelvin Nanotechnology Ltd (KNT) GUIDE TO INFORMATION AVAILABLE THROUGH OUR PUBLICATION SCHEME it might cost. Kelvin Nanotechnology Ltd has adopted the Model Publication Scheme 2011 produced publication and explain why. Copyright Where Kelvin Nanotechnology Ltd holds the copyright in its published

Glasgow, University of

202

"The Role of Standardisation in the Shaping of a Vision for Nanotechnology"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 "The Role of Standardisation in the Shaping of a Vision for Nanotechnology" Aurélie Delemarle1 for Consumer Research (SIFO) harald.throne-holst@sifo.no Abstract Nanotechnologies are known as emerging first introduce the question of regulation in nanotechnologies, then describe the standardisation

Boyer, Edmond

203

Professor Horacio Espinosa discusses his laboratory's advanced engineering approaches at the intersection of nanotechnology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at the intersection of nanotechnology and biological systems in search of biomedical solutions and knowledge this helped nanotechnology? The nanoscale material testing concepts we developed had a direct and significant to be successfully synthesised. The field of nanotechnology has grown rapidly ever since. The application of new

Espinosa, Horacio D.

204

TECHNOLOGICAL AGGLOMERATION AND THE EMERGENCE OF CLUSTERS AND NETWORKS IN NANOTECHNOLOGY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- 1 - TECHNOLOGICAL AGGLOMERATION AND THE EMERGENCE OF CLUSTERS AND NETWORKS IN NANOTECHNOLOGY clusters in nanotechnologies (MESA+ (Twente) and other centres in the Netherlands and Minatec in Grenoble nanotechnology-linked developments. We will use our ongoing studies of regions with a high concentration

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

205

Nanotechnology the debate all direct quotes from: The Social and Economic Challenges of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Nanotechnology ­ the debate all direct quotes from: The Social and Economic Challenges of Nanotechnology, ISBN 0-86226-294-1. Economic & Social Research Council of UK government one end: clear to become realms of human endeavor" G.H. Reynolds, Forward to the Future: Nanotechnology and regulatory

Moeck, Peter

206

in: Nanotechnology 7(1), pp. 307314, 1996 Emergent Computation by Catalytic Reactions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in: Nanotechnology 7(1), pp. 307­314, 1996 Emergent Computation by Catalytic Reactions Wolfgang the idea behind the chemical computational metaphor and outline its relevance for nanotechnology. We set up within this context. The implications of this approach for nanotechnology, parallel computers based on mo

Dittrich, Peter

207

Nanotechnology-Based Trusted Remote Sensing James B. Wendt and Miodrag Potkonjak  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nanotechnology-Based Trusted Remote Sensing James B. Wendt and Miodrag Potkonjak Computer Science nanotechnology PPUF-based architecture for trusted remote sensing. Current public physical unclonable function the authentication process. Our novel nanotechnology- based architecture ensures fast authentication through partial

Potkonjak, Miodrag

208

Big Science, Small Scale Western University has made significant investments in nanotechnology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Big Science, Small Scale Western University has made significant investments in nanotechnology in materials and biomaterials. Nanotechnology is poised to revolutionize and advance many vital sectors in nanotechnology and photonics · Houses state-of-the-art instruments, with tools for SEM capabilities and focused

Denham, Graham

209

Application of Nanotechnology to liquid crystal displays H S Kwok, Z L Xie and Fion Yeung  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Application of Nanotechnology to liquid crystal displays H S Kwok, Z L Xie and Fion Yeung Center shall report new results on the application of nanotechnology to LCD. Specifically we shall discuss as the alignment layer. Summary We describe here two experiments on the application of nanotechnology to liquid

210

NANOTECHNOLOGY CENTER Eine Partnerschaft in Nanotechnologie von IBM Research und ETH Zrich  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NANOTECHNOLOGY CENTER Eine Partnerschaft in Nanotechnologie von IBM Research und ETH Zürich and Rohrer Nanotechnology Center is part of a strategic partnership in nanosciences with ETH Zurich, one FACT SHEET Above: The campus of IBM Research - Zurich Right: The Binnig and Rohrer Nanotechnology

Cachin, Christian

211

Nanotechnology is defined as materi-als and systems ranging from 1 to 100  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nanotechnology is defined as materi- als and systems ranging from 1 to 100 nm which exhibit novel in the potentially revo- lutionary impacts that nanotechnology has to offer clinical medicine, particu- larly oncology. Numerous proof of concept appli- cations of nanotechnology have been described for high impact

Wong, Pak Kin

212

ECPE/PHYS 4984: Nanotechnology Randy Heflin 1-4504 108 Robeson rheflin@vt.edu  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ECPE/PHYS 4984: Nanotechnology Randy Heflin 1-4504 108 Robeson rheflin@vt.edu Stephane Evoy 1 of instructor Course Number: ECPE 4984 PHYS 4984 Transcript Title: SS: Nanotechnology II. Rationale of course/ECPE 4984: Nanotechnology Course pack, edited by S. Rayyan , W. Barnhart, J. R. Heflin, and S. Evoy

Heflin, Randy

213

References and Notes 1. D. H. Reneker, I. Chun, Nanotechnology 7, 216 (1996).  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1919 References and Notes 1. D. H. Reneker, I. Chun, Nanotechnology 7, 216 (1996). 2. "For science.Yarin, Nanotechnology 12, 384 (2001). 10. R. Dersch et al., J. Polym. Sci. A Polym. Chem. 41, 545 (2003). 11. D. Li, Y). 17. H. Dai et al., Nanotechnology 13, 674 (2002). 18. S.-S. Choi et al., J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 22, 891

Lynch-Stieglitz, Jean

214

Int. J. Nanotechnology, Vol. 1, No. 4, 2004 431 Copyright 2004 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Int. J. Nanotechnology, Vol. 1, No. 4, 2004 431 Copyright © 2004 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd) `Nanobelt and nanosaw structures of II-VI semiconductors', Int. J. Nanotechnology, Vol. 1, No. 4, pp.431 Fellow, and a Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Fellow (2003­2004). Currently, his research interests

Wang, Zhong L.

215

Revolutionary Research Advances The Georgia Tech Institute for Electronics and Nanotechnology (IEN)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Nanotechnology (IEN) brings together top researchers, thought leaders, and infrastructure to advance the fields of electronics and nanotechnology. INDUSTRY FRIENDLY CUSTOMER FOCUSED RESPONSIVE UNIQUELY VALUABLE Today and nanotechnology, we are focused on advancing research, creating human capital, informing state and national policy

Garmestani, Hamid

216

NIOSH -Nanotechnology Research Center Active in the lab and in the field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NIOSH - Nanotechnology Research Center Active in the lab and in the field Laura Hodson, MSPH, CIH Kenneth F. Martinez, MSEE, CIH Charles Geraci, PhD, CIH Nanotechnology Research Center Education and should not be construed to represent any agency determination or policy. #12;Nanotechnology

Farritor, Shane

217

"Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Center Makes Rapid Progress" here is no question that great  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fall 2001 "Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Center Makes Rapid Progress" here is no question such structures. The applica- tion of nanoscale materials and devices is denoted by the term nanotechnology. It is widely believed that nanotechnology will have an enormous impact on indus- trial technologies

218

Coarse-graining DNA for simulations of DNA nanotechnology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

To simulate long time and length scale processes involving DNA it is necessary to use a coarse-grained description. Here we provide an overview of different approaches to such coarse graining, focussing on those at the nucleotide level that allow the self-assembly processes associated with DNA nanotechnology to be studied. OxDNA, our recently-developed coarse-grained DNA model, is particularly suited to this task, and has opened up this field to systematic study by simulations. We illustrate some of the range of DNA nanotechnology systems to which the model is being applied, as well as the insights it can provide into fundamental biophysical properties of DNA.

Doye, Jonathan P K; Louis, Ard A; Romano, Flavio; Sulc, Petr; Matek, Christian; Snodin, Benedict E K; Rovigatti, Lorenzo; Schreck, John S; Harrison, Ryan M; Smith, William P J

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Boosting medicine with nanotechnology to destroy cancers http://www.physorg.com/news/2011-04-boosting-medicine-nanotechnology-cancers.html[4/21/2011 11:29:07 AM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Boosting medicine with nanotechnology to destroy cancers http://www.physorg.com/news/2011-04-boosting-medicine-nanotechnology-cancers.html[4/21/2011 11:29:07 AM] Sign in Register Home Nanotechnology into a separate site. Read more Boosting medicine with nanotechnology to destroy cancers April 18, 2011 The figure

Brinker, C. Jeffrey

220

Langmuir probe measurements in a time-fluctuating-highly ionized non-equilibrium cutting arc: Analysis of the electron retarding part of the time-averaged current-voltage characteristic of the probe  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This work describes the application of Langmuir probe diagnostics to the measurement of the electron temperature in a time-fluctuating-highly ionized, non-equilibrium cutting arc. The electron retarding part of the time-averaged current-voltage characteristic of the probe was analysed, assuming that the standard exponential expression describing the electron current to the probe in collision-free plasmas can be applied under the investigated conditions. A procedure is described which allows the determination of the errors introduced in time-averaged probe data due to small-amplitude plasma fluctuations. It was found that the experimental points can be gathered into two well defined groups allowing defining two quite different averaged electron temperature values. In the low-current region the averaged characteristic was not significantly disturbed by the fluctuations and can reliably be used to obtain the actual value of the averaged electron temperature. In particular, an averaged electron temperature of 0.98 0.07 eV (= 11400 800 K) was found for the central core of the arc (30 A) at 3.5 mm downstream from the nozzle exit. This average included not only a time-average over the time fluctuations but also a spatial-average along the probe collecting length. The fitting of the high-current region of the characteristic using such electron temperature value together with the corrections given by the fluctuation analysis showed a relevant departure of local thermal equilibrium in the arc core.

Prevosto, L.; Mancinelli, B. [Grupo de Descargas Elctricas, Departamento Ing. Electromecnica, Facultad Regional Venado Tuerto (UTN), Laprida 651, Venado Tuerto (2600) Santa Fe (Argentina)] [Grupo de Descargas Elctricas, Departamento Ing. Electromecnica, Facultad Regional Venado Tuerto (UTN), Laprida 651, Venado Tuerto (2600) Santa Fe (Argentina); Kelly, H. [Grupo de Descargas Elctricas, Departamento Ing. Electromecnica, Facultad Regional Venado Tuerto (UTN), Laprida 651, Venado Tuerto (2600) Santa Fe (Argentina) [Grupo de Descargas Elctricas, Departamento Ing. Electromecnica, Facultad Regional Venado Tuerto (UTN), Laprida 651, Venado Tuerto (2600) Santa Fe (Argentina); Instituto de Fsica del Plasma (CONICET), Departamento de Fsica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales (UBA) Ciudad Universitaria Pab. I, 1428 Buenos Aires (Argentina)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotechnology gc5 non-equilibrium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Non-equilibrium thermodynamics of gravitational screens  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the Einstein gravity equations projected on a timelike surface, which represents the time evolution of what we call a gravitational screen. We show that such a screen possesses a surface tension and an internal energy, and that the Einstein equations reduce to the thermodynamic equations of a viscous bubble. We also provide a complete dictionary between gravitational and thermodynamical variables. In the non-viscous cases there are three thermodynamic equations which characterise a bubble dynamics: These are the first law, the Marangoni flow equation and the Young-Laplace equation. In all three equations the surface tension plays a central role: In the first law it appears as a work term per unit area, in the Marangoni flow its gradient drives a force, and in the Young-Laplace equation it contributes to a pressure proportional to the surface curvature. The gravity equations appear as a natural generalization of these bubble equations when the bubble itself is viscous and dynamical. In particular, it shows that the mechanism of entropy production for the viscous bubble is mapped onto the production of gravitational waves. We also review the relationship between surface tension and temperature, and discuss the usual black-hole thermodynamics from this point of view.

Laurent Freidel; Yuki Yokokura

2014-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

222

Problems on Non-Equilibrium Statistical Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy functional, similar to the problem in dimensional scaling in the H-atom. For the C-atom, we got the ground state energy -37:82 eV with a relative error less than 6 %. The simplest molecular ion, H+ 2 , has been investigated by the quasi...

Kim, Moochan

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

223

Ris-R-1550(EN) Nanotechnology development in Denmark  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- rection of the nano search and technology development processes and how environ- mental issues enter in Denmark. Focus is on how environmental issues enter into the strategies and search proc- esses of Danish likely long-term perspectives of the Dan- ish nanotechnology development. The content of the report

224

International Conference on Carbon Nanotechnology: Potential and Challenges (Carbon 10)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

International Conference on Carbon Nanotechnology: Potential and Challenges (Carbon 10) 15 - 17th Since the discovery of the carbon nanotube (CNT) about two decades ago, research related to its of Materials and Process Engineering Kanpur Chapter hosted the `International Conference on Carbon

Srivastava, Kumar Vaibhav

225

Wood Science and Nanotechnology: Overview and Our Efforts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wood Science and Nanotechnology: Overview and Our Efforts Siqun Wang, Ph.D. Department of Forestry. Bot. 17, 543-588 (1886). Wang UT CRC #12;Wood Structure MICROFIBRIL STRUCTURE CRYSTALLINE REGIONS wood fibers under axial tensile strain Nature 1971; 229:252-3 Page DH, EI-Hosseiny F., Winkler K. Wang

Gray, Matthew

226

Nano-Manufacturing While nanotechnology promises to revolutionize everything from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nano-Manufacturing While nanotechnology promises to revolutionize everything from energy production futuristic systems will remain science fiction without practical and scalable nano-manufacturing capabilities. Researchers at the University of Maryland's NanoCenter have the manufacturing capabilities needed for turning

Hill, Wendell T.

227

PA Nanotechnology 2012: Nanotech's Role in Advancing PA's Economy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PA Nanotechnology 2012: Nanotech's Role in Advancing PA's Economy Date: June 5, 2012 Time: 7:30 am impact your business and regional economy · Processes and programs for moving laboratory technologies in Advancing PA's Economy Agenda 730 Registration and Breakfast 820 Welcome 830 Keynote: TBA 910 Break 925

Gilchrist, James F.

228

Potential impacts of nanotechnology on energy transmission applications and needs.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The application of nanotechnologies to energy transmission has the potential to significantly impact both the deployed transmission technologies and the need for additional development. This could be a factor in assessing environmental impacts of right-of-way (ROW) development and use. For example, some nanotechnology applications may produce materials (e.g., cables) that are much stronger per unit volume than existing materials, enabling reduced footprints for construction and maintenance of electricity transmission lines. Other applications, such as more efficient lighting, lighter-weight materials for vehicle construction, and smaller batteries having greater storage capacities may reduce the need for long-distance transport of energy, and possibly reduce the need for extensive future ROW development and many attendant environmental impacts. This report introduces the field of nanotechnology, describes some of the ways in which processes and products developed with or incorporating nanomaterials differ from traditional processes and products, and identifies some examples of how nanotechnology may be used to reduce potential ROW impacts. Potential environmental, safety, and health impacts are also discussed.

Elcock, D.; Environmental Science Division

2007-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

229

Last Revised: 01/08/2014 UNDERGRADUATE MINOR IN "NANOTECHNOLOGY"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Engineering and Applied Science and several in the School of Arts and Sciences. It is open to any UG student pursuing an Engineering or Arts & Sciences (Chemistry, Physics, Biology, Environmental Studies, Pre SCIENCE Available to any UG pursuing an Arts and Science or Engineering degree I. Objective Nanotechnology

Subramanian, Venkat

230

SPECIAL ISSUE -EDITORIAL Micro and nanotechnology for biological and biomedical  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SPECIAL ISSUE - EDITORIAL Micro and nanotechnology for biological and biomedical applications Chwee of micro and nano- technological tools, devices and techniques for both bio- logical and biomedical of the important outcomes will eventually see actual biomedical applications in the not too distant future

Espinosa, Horacio D.

231

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 19 (2008) 395604 (6pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/19/39/395604  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

nanocomposites have potential applications in catalysis and solar energy conversion systems. S Supplementary data that make them useful for applications in catalysis, sensors, molecular electronics, and solar energy-4484/08/395604+06$30.00 2008 IOP Publishing Ltd Printed in the UK1 #12;Nanotechnology 19 (2008) 395604 Z Wang et al Figure 1

Shelnutt, John A.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

FACTSABOUT THE INTERNATIONAL COUNCIL ON NANOTECHNOLOGY To develop and communicate information regarding potential environmental and health risks of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. WORKING GROUPS Governance Environment, Health & Safety Knowledge Base Best Practices Communication information regarding potential environmental and health risks of nanotechnology, thereby fostering risk and Environmental Nanotechnology (CBEN) at Rice University in Houston, Texas. ICON is a technically

233

05/05/2014 11:01Nanotechnology's Revolutionary Next Phase Page 1 of 7http://www.forbes.com/sites/brucedorminey/2013/02/26/nanotechnologys-civilization-changing-revolutionary-next-phase/  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

05/05/2014 11:01Nanotechnology's Revolutionary Next Phase Page 1 of 7http://www.forbes.com/sites/brucedorminey/2013/02/26/nanotechnologys-civilization-changing-revolutionary-next-phase/ TECH (/TECHNOLOGY) 5:01Nanotechnology's Revolutionary Next Phase Page 2 of 7http://www.forbes.com/sites/brucedorminey/2013

234

Institut des Nanotechnologies de Lyon UMR CNRS 5270 http://inl.cnrs.fr  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Institut des Nanotechnologies de Lyon UMR CNRS 5270 http://inl.cnrs.fr 9 February 2012 / Vol.1, No.1 / INL COMMUNICATIONS: TOOLS FOR PHOTONICS 1 Propagation of an electromagnetic lightwave through *,1 * Université de Lyon, Institut des Nanotechnologies de Lyon (INL) UMR 5270 CNRS- INSA-ECL-UCBL 1

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

235

The Hebrew University Center for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology UHUJ Nano-Art  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Hebrew University Center for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology UHUJ Nano-Art Annual Conference of art based on nanotechnology. Prizes will be awarded to top three selected works. Nano-Art features nanolandscapes, natural or manmade structures of matter at the nano scale, e.g., molecular and atomic scales

Einat, Aharonov

236

The Hebrew University Center for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology UHUJ Nano-Art  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Hebrew University Center for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology UHUJ Nano-Art Annual Conference of works of art based on nanotechnology. Prizes will be awarded to top three selected works. Nano-Art features nanolandscapes, natural or manmade structures of matter at the nano (sub- micro) scale, e

Simon, Emmanuel

237

Faculty of Mechanical Science and Engineering At the Institute of Materials Science, Chair of Materials Science and Nanotechnology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Materials Science and Nanotechnology (Prof. G. Cuniberti), is open to work in the field of biomaterials and / or biologically inspired nanotechnology the position of a Senior Lecturer and Research Group leader (max. E 14 TV (Wissenschaftszeitvertragsgesetz ­ WissZeitVG). The scientific activities of the Chair of Materials Science and Nanotechnology

Schubart, Christoph

238

Safe Nanotechnology in the Work Space Different types of nanoparticles are made or used in various industrial processes. To  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Safety Safe Nanotechnology in the Work Space Different types of nanoparticles are made or used://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2008-112/pdfs/2008-112.pdf http://www.nanoshel.com/buy-nanotubes.php #12;Safety Safe Nanotechnology-112/pdfs/2008-112.pdf #12;Safety Safe Nanotechnology in the Work Space Exposure: Inhalation--The most

Cohen, Robert E.

239

nature nanotechnology | VOL 4 | JANUARY 2009 | www.nature.com/naturenanotechnology 5 From two cultures to new cultures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

nature nanotechnology | VOL 4 | JANUARY 2009 | www.nature.com/naturenanotechnology 5 thesis From in academic circles for decades. chris toumey explores how nanotechnology fits into this picture and how where does nanotechnology fit into arguments about the two cultures? Much has changed since 1959

240

Nanotechnology and Quasicrystals: From self assembly to photonic applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

After providing a concise overview on quasicrystals and their discovery more than a quarter of a century ago, I consider the unexpected interplay between nanotechnology and quasiperiodic crystals. Of particular relevance are efforts to fabricate artificial functional micro- or nanostructures, as well as efforts to control the self-assembly of nanostructures, where current knowledge about the possibility of having long-range order without periodicity can provide significant advantages. I discuss examples of systems ranging from artificial metamaterials for photonic applications, through self-assembled soft matter, to surface waves and optically-induced nonlinear photonic quasicrystals.

Ron Lifshitz

2008-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotechnology gc5 non-equilibrium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Nanotechnology-Based Electrochemical Sensors for Biomonitoring Chemical  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the Contributions andData andFleetEngineering OfSilica forNanotechnologyExposures . |

242

Nanotechnology: Small Materials Making a Big Impact | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the Contributions andData andFleetEngineering OfSilica forNanotechnologyExposures .

243

12 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NANOTECHNOLOGY, VOL. 1, NO. 1, MARCH 2002 Scanning the Controls: Genomics and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

12 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NANOTECHNOLOGY, VOL. 1, NO. 1, MARCH 2002 Scanning the Controls: Genomics and topological complexity is the complexity of the genome itself, consisting of about one billion basepairs. The Human Genome Proj

244

NANOTECHNOLOGY LAW & BUSINESS MARCH 2007 585 Carbon Nanotube-Based Supercapacitors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NANOTECHNOLOGY LAW & BUSINESS · MARCH 2007 585 Carbon Nanotube-Based Supercapacitors: Technologies-layer capacitors (also known as "supercapacitors" or "ultracapacitors") have tremendous potential as high double layer (ECDL) capacitors (also abbreviated EDLC), commonly called "supercapacitors

Bennett, Gisele

245

Intel / Charles E. Young Endowed Chair in Nanotechnology Director of the Nanoscience Institute for Medical and Engineering Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Intel / Charles E. Young Endowed Chair in Nanotechnology Director of the Nanoscience Institute of the Nanoscience Institute for Medical and Engineering Technology. The Intel Foundation established this endowment

Slatton, Clint

246

Developing nanotechnology for biofuel and plant science applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This dissertation presents the research on the development of mesoporous silica based nanotechnology for applications in biofuels and plant science. Mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) have been the subject of great interest in the last two decades due to their unique properties of high surface area, tunable pore size and particle morphology. The robust nature of the silica framework is easily functionalized to make the MSNs a promising option for selective separations. Also, the independent channels that form the pores of MSN have been exploited in the use of particles as platforms for molecular delivery. Pore size and organic functionality are varied to identify the ideal adsorbent material for free fatty acids (FFAs). The resulting material is able to sequester FFAs with a high degree of selectivity from a simulated solution and microalgal oil. The recyclability and industrial implications are also explored. A continuation of the previous material, further tuning of MSN pore size was investigated. Particles with a smaller diameter selectively sequester polyunsaturated free fatty acids (PUFAs) over monounsaturated FFAs and saturated FFAs. The experimental results were verified with molecular modeling. Mesoporous silica nanoparticle materials with a pore diameter of 10 nm (MSN-10) were decorated with small gold nanoparticles. The resulting materials were shown to deliver proteins and DNA into plant cells using the biolistic method.

Valenstein, Justin

2012-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

247

TRADITIONAL METALLURGY, NANOTECHNOLOGIES AND STRUCTURAL MATERIALS: A SORBY AWARD LECTURE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Traditional metallurgical processes are among the many ''old fashion'' practices that use nanoparticles to control the behavior of materials. Many of these practices were developed long before microscopy could resolve nanoscale features, yet the practitioners learned to manipulate and control microstructural elements that they could neither see nor identify. Furthermore, these early practitioners used that control to modify microstructures and develop desired material properties. Centuries old colored glass, ancient high strength steels and medieval organ pipes derived many of their desirable features through control of nanoparticles in their microstructures. Henry Sorby was among the first to recognize that the properties of rocks, minerals, metals and organic materials were controlled by microstructure. However, Mr. Sorby was accused of the folly of trying to study mountains with a microscope. Although he could not resolve nanoscale microstructural features, Mr. Sorby's observations revolutionized the study of materials. The importance of nanoscale microstructural elements should be emphasized, however, because the present foundation for structural materials was built by manipulating those features. That foundation currently supports several multibillion dollar industries but is not generally considered when the nanomaterials revolution is discussed. This lecture demonstrates that using nanotechnologies to control the behavior of metallic materials is almost as old as the practice of metallurgy and that many of the emergent nanomaterials technologists are walking along pathways previously paved by traditional metallurgists.

Louthan, M

2007-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

248

Nanoscience and nanotechnologies: hopes and concerns Investigation of matter at the nanoscale (one billionth of a meter i.e. the size of an aggregate of a few  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nanoscience and nanotechnologies: hopes and concerns FOREWORD Investigation of matter to draw patterns. The "nano" concept, which includes nanosciences and nanotechnologies, is born from the point of view of the scientific community, nanosciences are "activities aimed at producing knowledge

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

249

Copyright c 2002 Tech Science Press CMES, vol.3, no.5, pp.539-555, 2002 Multiscale Modeling of Laser Ablation: Applications to Nanotechnology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Laser Ablation: Applications to Nanotechnology Leonid V. Zhigilei1 and Avinash M. Dongare 1 Abstract-driven methods in nanotechnology. In this pa- per we discuss two computational schemes developed for simulation, applications of laser ablation have been extended into emerging area of nanotechnology. In particular, laser

Zhigilei, Leonid V.

250

Science Foundation, EPA join forces for study of nanotechnology By Tom Katsouleas : Guest columnist  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The National Science Foundation and the Environmental Protection Agency announced the opening of two new that nanotechnology offers to society -- from curing disease to providing unlimited renewable energy a course that achieves the benefits while protecting the environment. To quote early 20th century Danish

Ferrari, Silvia

251

Research Profile The Nanotechnology Group is involved in research in several  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.nanotechnology.ethz.ch Advanced Microscopy, Instrumentation, Biofuel Cells, Patterning and Directed Assembly MRCMaterials Research science and technology, with a special focus on: surface analysis and the development of advanced sensing colloidal and molecular building blocks) platforms to harvest electric power from human cells (biofuel cell

Sandoghdar, Vahid

252

NANOTECHNOLOGY LAW & BUSINESS MARCH 2007 569 Carbon Nanotube-Based Supercapacitors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NANOTECHNOLOGY LAW & BUSINESS · MARCH 2007 569 Carbon Nanotube-Based Supercapacitors CHUNSHENG DU and NING PAN ABSTRACT Due to the need for increased power performance, supercapacitors are emerging nanotubes are a promising material for next generation supercapacitors. Specifically, the use of nanotubes

Pan, Ning

253

Graphene oxide/hydroxyapatite composite coatings fabricated by electrophoretic nanotechnology for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Graphene oxide/hydroxyapatite composite coatings fabricated by electrophoretic nanotechnology April 2013 Accepted 27 September 2013 Available online 8 October 2013 A B S T R A C T Graphene oxide (GO and uncoated Ti substrate. ? 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. 1. Introduction Graphene oxide (GO

Zheng, Yufeng

254

Call Title: Theme 4 NMP -Nanosciences, Nanotechnologies, Materials and new Production Technologies -SMEs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Technologies - SMEs · Call identifier: FP7-NMP-2010-SME-4 · Date of publication: 30 July 2009 · Deadline1/ Area Topics called Funding Schemes Nanotechnologies and converging technologies NMP.2010.1.2-1 Novel of technologies for industrial applications NMP.2010.4.0-4 A new generation of multi-functional fibre

Milano-Bicocca, Università

255

Socio-economic analysis: a tool for assessing the potential of nanotechnologies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Socio-economic analysis: a tool for assessing the potential of nanotechnologies Jean-Marc Brignon the denomination of Socio-Economic Analysis (SEA), this concept is used in EU safety and environmental regulation important asset of SEA regarding nanomaterials, is the comparison with alternatives in socio-economic

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

256

772 NATURE NANOTECHNOLOGY | VOL 7 | DECEMBER 2012 | www.nature.com/naturenanotechnology research highlights  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with laser radiation is an optoelectronic process that occurs in most semiconductors. The laser excitation fraction of naturally occurring hydrogen and is used in a variety of applications from nuclear fusion772 NATURE NANOTECHNOLOGY | VOL 7 | DECEMBER 2012 | www.nature.com/naturenanotechnology research

Wu, Junqiao

257

Bridging nanotechnological opportunities and construction needs A survey of nanoinnovation in Danish construction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bridging nanotechnological opportunities and construction needs NanoByg A survey of nanoinnovation in Danish construction Executive summary, Dansk Maj 2007 #12;NanoByg Author: Maj Munch Andersen, Mns Molin Title: NanoByg A survey of nanoinnovation in Danish construction Executive summary Dansk Department

258

Bridging nanotechnological opportunities and construction needs A survey of nanoinnovation in Danish construction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bridging nanotechnological opportunities and construction needs NanoByg A survey of nanoinnovation in Danish construction Executive summary, English May 2007 #12;NanoByg Author: Maj Munch Andersen, Mns Molin Title: NanoByg A survey of nanoinnovation in Danish construction Executive summary English

259

Bridging nanotechnological opportunities and construction needs A survey of nanoinnovation in Danish Construction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bridging nanotechnological opportunities and construction needs NanoByg A survey of nanoinnovation in Danish Construction Ris-R-1602 (EN) Ris National Laboratory Technical University of Denmark Roskilde in Danish construction Department: Systems Analysis Department Ris-R-1602 (EN) May 2007 ISSN 0106-2840 ISBN

260

NANOTECHNOLOGY 4 NOVEMBER 2004 Figure 1. A `quasi-optical' electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NANOTECHNOLOGY 4 NOVEMBER 2004 Figure 1. A `quasi-optical' electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectrometer. EPR: Progress towards spin-based quantum computing Electron- and/or nuclear-spin-based quantum-dependent recombination (SDR)1-4 is an electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) technique that is potentially useful in spin

Demirel, Melik C.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotechnology gc5 non-equilibrium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

arXiv:physics/0505007v26May2005 TAKING NANOTECHNOLOGY TO SCHOOLS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

industrial revolution. No wonder, total worldwide R&D spending on nanotechnology in 2004 was an estimated USD the fact that "the relatively small number of applications . . . that have made it through to industrial matter and processes at the nanoscale undoubtedly exists in many aca- demic and industrial laboratories

Lakhtakia, Akhlesh

262

Connecticut State University System Initiative for Nanotechnology-Related Equipment, Faculty Development and Curriculum Development  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

DOE grant used for partial fulfillment of necessary laboratory equipment for course enrichment and new graduate programs in nanotechnology at the four institutions of the Connecticut State University System (CSUS). Equipment in this initial phase included variable pressure scanning electron microscope with energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy elemental analysis capability [at Southern Connecticut State University]; power x-ray diffractometer [at Central Connecticut State University]; a spectrophotometer and spectrofluorimeter [at Eastern Connecticut State University; and a Raman Spectrometer [at Western Connecticut State University]. DOE's funding was allocated for purchase and installation of this scientific equipment and instrumentation. Subsequently, DOE funding was allocated to fund the curriculum, faculty development and travel necessary to continue development and implementation of the System's Graduate Certificate in Nanotechnology (GCNT) program and the ConnSCU Nanotechnology Center (ConnSCU-NC) at Southern Connecticut State University. All of the established outcomes have been successfully achieved. The courses and structure of the GCNT program have been determined and the program will be completely implemented in the fall of 2013. The instrumentation has been purchased, installed and has been utilized at each campus for the implementation of the nanotechnology courses, CSUS GCNT and the ConnSCU-NC. Additional outcomes for this grant include curriculum development for non-majors as well as faculty and student research.

Broadbridge, Christine C. [Southern Connecticut State University

2013-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

263

NANO TOOLS & PRODUCTS IN MICRO & NANOTECHNOLOGY Engineered Carbon Nanotube (CNT) and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MICRO NANO TOOLS & PRODUCTS IN MICRO & NANOTECHNOLOGY Engineered Carbon Nanotube (CNT aligned nanorods, helices, and chevrons. Hybrid Nano-CMOS Chips--Hewlett-Packard Laboratories www coating. The result is a uni- form, durable nano-thin film treatment that delivers quantum physical

264

Nano-Tera.CH: Nano-technologies for Tera-scale Problems Giovanni De Micheli  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nano-Tera.CH: Nano-technologies for Tera-scale Problems Giovanni De Micheli EPF Lausanne 1015, Switzerland ABSTRACT -- The Nano-Tera.CH initiative is a broad engineering program in Switzerland for health is rooted in advances in engineering nano-scale materials and their exploitation in a variety of systems

De Micheli, Giovanni

265

Equilibrium and non-equilibrium emission of complex fragments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Complex fragment emission (Z{gt}2) has been studied in the reactions of 50, 80, and 100 MeV/u {sup 139}La + {sup 12}C, and 80 MeV/u {sup 139}La + {sup 27}Al, {sup nat}Cu, and {sup 197}Au. Charge, angle, and energy distributions were measured inclusively and in coincidence with other complex fragments, and were used to extract the source rapidities, velocity distributions, and cross sections. The experimental emission velocity distributions, charge loss distributions, and cross sections have been compared with calculations based on statistical compound nucleus decay. The binary signature of the coincidence events and the sharpness of the velocity distributions illustrate the primarily 2-body nature of the {sup 139}La + {sup 12}C reaction mechanism between 50 and 100 MeV/u. The emission velocities, angular distributions, and absolute cross sections of fragments of 20{le}Z{le}35 at 50 MeV/u, 19{le}Z{le}28 at 80 MeV/u, and 17{le}Z{le}21 at 100 MeV/u indicate that these fragments arise solely from the binary decay of compound nuclei formed in incomplete fusion reactions in which the {sup 139}La projectile picks up about one-half of the {sup 12}C target. In the 80 MeV/u {sup 139}La + {sup 27}Al, {sup nat}Cu, and {sup 197}Au reactions, the disappearance of the binary signature in the total charge and velocity distributions suggests and increase in the complex fragment and light charged particle multiplicity with increasing target mass. As in the 80 and 100 MeV/u {sup 139}La + {sup 12}C reactions, the lighter complex fragments exhibit anisotropic angular distributions and cross sections that are too large to be explained exclusively by statistical emission. 143 refs., 67 figs.

Bowman, D.R.

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Non-Equilibrium Pathways during Electrochemical Phase Transformations...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

level, where incomplete reactions and failure are prone to occur. Micrometric-sized lithium-manganese spinel cathode material - Li1+xMn2-xO4 - is one of the state-of-the-art...

267

Non-equilibrium Lorentz gas on a curved space  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The periodic Lorentz gas with external field and iso-kinetic thermostat is equivalent, by conformal transformation, to a billiard with expanding phase-space and slightly distorted scatterers, for which the trajectories are straight lines. A further time rescaling allows to keep the speed constant in that new geometry. In the hyperbolic regime, the stationary state of this billiard is characterized by a phase-space contraction rate, equal to that of the iso-kinetic Lorentz gas. In contrast to the iso-kinetic Lorentz gas where phase-space contraction occurs in the bulk, the phase-space contraction rate here takes place at the periodic boundaries.

Felipe Barra; Thomas Gilbert

2007-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

268

Non-equilibrium electroweak baryogenesis from preheating after inflation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a novel scenario for baryogenesis in a hybrid inflation model at the electroweak scale, in which the Standard Model Higgs field triggers the end of inflation. One of the conditions for successful baryogenesis, the departure from thermal equilibrium, is naturally achieved at the stage of preheating after inflation. The inflaton oscillations induce large occupation numbers for long-wavelength configurations of Higgs and gauge fields, which leads to a large rate of sphaleron transitions. We estimate this rate during the first stages of reheating and evaluate the amount of baryons produced due to a particular type of higher dimensional CP violating operator. The universe thermalizes through fermion interactions, at a temperature below critical, $T_{rh} < 100$ GeV, preventing the wash-out of the produced baryon asymmetry. Numerical simulations in (1+1) dimensions support our theoretical analysis.

Juan Garcia-Bellido; Dmitri Grigoriev; Alexander Kusenko; Mikhail Shaposhnikov

1999-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

269

Supersonic turbulent boundary layers with periodic mechanical non-equilibrium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. It was documented that proper roughness selection coupled with a sufficiently strong favorable pressure gradient produced regions of â??negativeâ? production in the transport of turbulent stress. This led to localized areas of significant turbulence stress...

Ekoto, Isaac Wesley

2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

270

Thermal non-equilibrium transport in colloids Alois Wrger  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to an Onsager cross coefficient that describes the coupling between heat and particle flows. In the last decade. Boundary layer approximation 6 B. Double-layer forces 7 C. Transport velocity 8 D. Non-uniform electrolyte condition 15 I. Size dependence 16 III. Dispersion and depletion forces 18 A. Colloid-polymer mixtures 18 B

Boyer, Edmond

271

Is Soret Equilibrium a Non-Equilibrium Effect? Alois Wrger  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

'Aquitaine, Universit de Bordeaux & CNRS, 351 cours de la Libration, 33405 Talence, France Recent thermophoretic

Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

272

The Principle of Minimal Resistance in Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analytical models describing the motion of colloidal particles in given velocity fields are presented. In addition to local approaches, leading to well known master equations such as the Langevin and the Fokker-Planck equations, a global description based on path integration is reviewed. This shows that under very broad conditions, during its evolution a dissipative system tends to minimize its energy dissipation in such a way to keep constant the Hamiltonian time rate, equal to the difference between the flux-based and the force-based Rayleigh dissipation functions. At steady state, the Hamiltonian time rate is maximized, leading to a minimum resistance principle. In the unsteady case, we consider the relaxation to equilibrium of harmonic oscillators and the motion of a Brownian particle in shear flow, obtaining results that coincide with the solution of the Fokker-Planck and the Langevin equations.

Mauri, Roberto

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Non-Equilibrium Pathways during Electrochemical Phase Transformations in  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert Southwest Regionat Cornell BatteriesArchives Events/NewsYou are here Home

274

4.3.2 DEVELOPMENT OF MUSEUM EXHIBIT ON NANOSCIENCE & NANOTECHNOLOGY Barry Aprison, Museum of Science & Industry, Chicago  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

4.3.2 DEVELOPMENT OF MUSEUM EXHIBIT ON NANOSCIENCE & NANOTECHNOLOGY Barry Aprison, Museum is through self-directed, voluntary exploration, the NU- NSEC entered into a partnership with the Museum

Shull, Kenneth R.

275

The delineation of nanoscience and nanotechnology in terms of journals and patents: a most recent update  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The journal set which provides a representation of nanoscience and nanotechnology at the interfaces among applied physics, chemistry, and the life sciences is developing rapidly because of the introduction of new journals. The relevant contributions of nations can be expected to change according to the representations of the relevant interfaces among journal sets. In the 2005 set the position of the USA decreased more than in the 2004-set, while the EU-27 gained in terms of its percentage of world share of citations. The tag "Y01N" which was newly added to the EU classification system for patents, allows for the visualization of national profiles of nanotechnology in terms of relevant patents and patent classes.

Leydesdorff, Loet

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Nanotechnology applications to desalination : a report for the joint water reuse & desalination task force.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nanomaterials and nanotechnology methods have been an integral part of international research over the past decade. Because many traditional water treatment technologies (e.g. membrane filtration, biofouling, scale inhibition, etc.) depend on nanoscale processes, it is reasonable to expect one outcome of nanotechnology research to be better, nano-engineered water treatment approaches. The most immediate, and possibly greatest, impact of nanotechnology on desalination methods will likely be the development of membranes engineered at the near-molecular level. Aquaporin proteins that channel water across cell membranes with very low energy inputs point to the potential for dramatically improved performance. Aquaporin-laced polymer membranes and aquaporin-mimicking carbon nanotubes and metal oxide membranes developed in the lab support this. A critical limitation to widespread use of nanoengineered desalination membranes will be their scalability to industrial fabrication processes. Subsequent, long-term improvements in nanoengineered membranes may result in self-healing membranes that ideally are (1) more resistant to biofouling, (2) have biocidal properties, and/or (3) selectively target trace contaminants.

Brady, Patrick Vane; Mayer, Tom; Cygan, Randall Timothy

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Potential nanotechnology applications for reducing freshwater consumption at coal fired power plants : an early view.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report was funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) Existing Plants Research Program, which has an energy-water research effort that focuses on water use at power plants. This study complements the overall research effort of the Existing Plants Research Program by evaluating water issues that could impact power plants. A growing challenge to the economic production of electricity from coal-fired power plants is the demand for freshwater, particularly in light of the projected trends for increasing demands and decreasing supplies of freshwater. Nanotechnology uses the unique chemical, physical, and biological properties that are associated with materials at the nanoscale to create and use materials, devices, and systems with new functions and properties. It is possible that nanotechnology may open the door to a variety of potentially interesting ways to reduce freshwater consumption at power plants. This report provides an overview of how applications of nanotechnology could potentially help reduce freshwater use at coal-fired power plants. It was developed by (1) identifying areas within a coal-fired power plant's operations where freshwater use occurs and could possibly be reduced, (2) conducting a literature review to identify potential applications of nanotechnology for facilitating such reductions, and (3) collecting additional information on potential applications from researchers and companies to clarify or expand on information obtained from the literature. Opportunities, areas, and processes for reducing freshwater use in coal-fired power plants considered in this report include the use of nontraditional waters in process and cooling water systems, carbon capture alternatives, more efficient processes for removing sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides, coolants that have higher thermal conductivities than water alone, energy storage options, and a variety of plant inefficiencies, which, if improved, would reduce energy use and concomitant water consumption. These inefficiencies include air heater inefficiencies, boiler corrosion, low operating temperatures, fuel inefficiencies, and older components that are subject to strain and failure. A variety of nanotechnology applications that could potentially be used to reduce the amount of freshwater consumed - either directly or indirectly - by these areas and activities was identified. These applications include membranes that use nanotechnology or contain nanomaterials for improved water purification and carbon capture; nano-based coatings and lubricants to insulate and reduce heat loss, inhibit corrosion, and improve fuel efficiency; nano-based catalysts and enzymes that improve fuel efficiency and improve sulfur removal efficiency; nanomaterials that can withstand high temperatures; nanofluids that have better heat transfer characteristics than water; nanosensors that can help identify strain and impact damage, detect and monitor water quality parameters, and measure mercury in flue gas; and batteries and capacitors that use nanotechnology to enable utility-scale storage. Most of these potential applications are in the research stage, and few have been deployed at coal-fired power plants. Moving from research to deployment in today's economic environment will be facilitated with federal support. Additional support for research development and deployment (RD&D) for some subset of these applications could lead to reductions in water consumption and could provide lessons learned that could be applied to future efforts. To take advantage of this situation, it is recommended that NETL pursue funding for further research, development, or deployment for one or more of the potential applications identified in this report.

Elcock, D. (Environmental Science Division)

2010-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

278

The Center for Nanotechnology in Society at Arizona State University (CNS-ASU) facilitates the involvement of the general public in nanoscale research and development, to build new capabilities for understanding and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Center for Nanotechnology in Society at Arizona State University (CNS-ASU) facilitates for understanding and governing the power of nanotechnology to transform society. CNS-ASU is affiliated

Hall, Sharon J.

279

Nanotechnology Now -News Story: "Fast heat dissipation in gold" http://www.nanotech-now.com/news.cgi?story_id=07985 1 of 2 3/9/2005 4:51 PM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nanotechnology Now - News Story: "Fast heat dissipation in gold" http Nano-Enabled Drug Discovery Market to Reach $1.3B by 2009 March 8th, 2005 Nanotechnology promises around the world, free Subscribe "N" is for Nanotechnology BUY NOW Subscribe to the Forbes/Wolfe Nanotech

Braun, Paul

280

The Center for Nanotechnology in Society at Arizona State University (CNS-ASU) facilitates the involvement of the general public in nanoscale research and development, to build new capabilities for understanding and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Center for Nanotechnology in Society at Arizona State University (CNS-ASU) facilitates for understanding and governing the power of nanotechnology to transform society. CNS-ASU is affiliated concerns. The Center for Nanotechnology in Society A R I Z O N A S T A T E U N I V E R S I T Y A computer

Kambhampati, Subbarao

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotechnology gc5 non-equilibrium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

4/10/2014 NANOTECHNOLOGY: World's Smallest Windmill Is Smaller Than A Grain Of Rice http://nanotech2day.blogspot.com/2014/04/worlds-smallest-windmill-is-smaller.html 1/4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

4/10/2014 NANOTECHNOLOGY: World's Smallest Windmill Is Smaller Than A Grain Of Rice http://nanotech2day.blogspot.com/2014/04/worlds-smallest-windmill-is-smaller.html 1/4 NANOTECHNOLOGY UNLIK THE MOST In #12;4/10/2014 NANOTECHNOLOGY: World's Smallest Windmill Is Smaller Than A Grain Of Rice http

Chiao, Jung-Chih

282

Nano-Bio-Genesis: Tracing the rise of nanotechnology and nanobiotechnology as 'big science'  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ral Journal of Biomedical Discovery and ssBioMed CentCollaboration Open AcceCase Study Nano-Bio-Genesis: tracing the rise of nanotechnology and nanobiotechnology as 'big science' Rajan P Kulkarni* Address: Centre for Economics & Policy, Institute... of dollars potentially avail- able for nano research specifically directed towards the life sciences. One of the first NIH-related agencies to devise such a nano-biological framework was the NCI. Cancer has been a specially designated research topic for over...

Kulkarni, Rajan P

2007-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

283

Nanotechnology and Innovation, Recent status and the strategic implication for the formation of high tech clusters in Greece, in between a global economic crisis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nanotechnology is the first major worldwide research initiative of the 21st century and probably is the solution vector in the economic environment. Also, innovation is widely recognized as a key factor in the economic development of nations, and is essential for the competitiveness of the industrial firms as well. Policy and management of innovation are necessary in order to develop innovation and it involves processes. It is essential to develop new methods for nanotechnology development for better understanding of nanotechnology based innovation. Nanotechnologies reveal commercialization processes, from start ups to large firms in collaboration with public sector research. In the current paper, a study in the present status of innovation in nanotechnology and the affection of global economic crisis in this section is made and also the potential of increase the innovation via the presence of clusters in a small country like Greece which is in the eye of tornado from the global crisis is studied.

Gkanas, Evangelos I; Makridis, Sofoklis S; Stubos, Athanasios K; Bakouros, Ioannis

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NANOTECHNOLOGY, VOL. 10, NO. 3, MAY 2011 499 TiSi2 Nanocrystal Metal Oxide Semiconductor Field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NANOTECHNOLOGY, VOL. 10, NO. 3, MAY 2011 499 TiSi2 Nanocrystal Metal Oxide memory window, faster writing and erasing, and longer retention lifetime as a result of the metallic property of the silicide NCs. Due to thermally stable, CMOS compatible properties, TiSi2 NCs are highly

Yang, Zheng

285

Degree Requirements for B.S. in Chemical Engineering at Wayne State University Molecular Engineering and Nanotechnology Option  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Engineering 3 CHM 2220 ­ Organic Chemistry II 3 EC0 2020 ­ (SS) Principles of Macroeconomics 3 EnglishDegree Requirements for B.S. in Chemical Engineering at Wayne State University Molecular Engineering and Nanotechnology Option Advisor: Andrea Eisenberg Revised: 10/04 Room 1106 Engineering By: AE

Berdichevsky, Victor

286

This issue of Topics in Catalysis is devoted to ``Nanotechnology in Catalysis'' and covers some of the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

silica, catalyst supports and catalytic membranes. Nanosized hollow spheres (silica or carbon) have been crystal structures, electronic configurations, or surface compositions that can only be obtained with nano of Nanotechnology. A well-known advan- tage of reducing particle size is the increase in surface area per unit

Resasco, Daniel

287

nanotechnologies | EMSL  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of strong brown carbon chromophores. Citation: Laskin J, A Laskin, S Nizkorodov, PJ Roach, PA Eckert, MK Gilles, B Wang, HJ Lee, and Q Hu.2014."Molecular Selectivity of Brown...

288

An Evaluation of Impacts in "Nanoscience & nanotechnology:" Steps towards standards for citation analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

One is inclined to conceptualize impact in terms of citations per publication, and thus as an average. However, citation distributions are skewed, and the average has the disadvantage that the number of publications is used in the denominator. Using hundred percentiles, one can integrate the normalized citation curve and develop an indicator that can be compared across document sets because percentile ranks are defined at the article level. I apply this indicator to the set of 58 journals in the ISI Subject Category of "Nanoscience & nanotechnology," and rank journals, countries, cities, and institutes using non-parametric statistics. The significance levels of results can thus be indicated. The results are first compared with the ISI-Impact Factors, but this Integrated Impact Indicator (I3) can be used with any set downloaded from the (Social) Science Citation Index. The software is made publicly available at the Internet. Visualization techniques are also specified for evaluation by positioning institut...

Leydesdorff, Loet

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Enhancing Graduate Student Communication to General Audiences through Blogging about Nanotechnology and Sustainability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have developed and assessed a multiauthor science blog on the topic of nanotechnology and sustainability as a tool to improve the written communication and public engagement skills of graduate students. Focus group studies revealed that after participation in the blog, student authors felt more confident and capable of communicating technical topics to general audiences. Students' research mentors viewed this as an important component of their students' education, as indicated by survey data. Important design aspects of this effort include participation of an editor as well as having flexible content and target-audience guidelines. We have explicitly outlined aspects of the effort we see as critical in order to enable others to replicate this model in related settings.

Bishop, Lee M.; Tillman, Ayesha S.; Geiger, Franz M.; Haynes, Christy L.; Klaper, Rebecca D.; Murphy, Catherine; Orr, Galya; Pedersen, Joel A.; DeStefano, Lizanne; Hamers, Robert J.

2014-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

290

Novel microwave near-field sensors for material characterization, biology, and nanotechnology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The wide range of interesting electromagnetic behavior of contemporary materials requires that experimentalists working in this field master many diverse measurement techniques and have a broad understanding of condensed matter physics and biophysics. Measurement of the electromagnetic response of materials at microwave frequencies is important for both fundamental and practical reasons. In this paper, we propose a novel near-field microwave sensor with application to material characterization, biology, and nanotechnology. The sensor is based on a subwavelength ferrite-disk resonator with magnetic-dipolar-mode (MDM) oscillations. Strong energy concentration and unique topological structures of the near fields originated from the MDM resonators allow effective measuring material parameters in microwaves, both for ordinary structures and objects with chiral properties.

Joffe, R; Shavit, R

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Highlights from theHighlights from the YamboYambo project:project: Excitonic polarons and non-equilibriumExcitonic polarons and non-equilibrium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in noble metals, PRL 88,Quasiparticles in noble metals, PRL 88, 016409 (2002)016409 (2002) 2002 At the end is coded. Bound excitons in TDDFT,Bound excitons in TDDFT, PRL 91, 256402 (2003)PRL 91, 256402 (2003) Bethe-Salpeter equation is coded. DynamicalDynamical excitons in metals, PRL 91, 176402 (2003)excitons in metals, PRL 91

Marini, Andrea

292

USC TROJAN FAMILY MAGAZINE winter 2006 2928 USC TROJAN FAMILY MAGAZINE spring 2007 POPULAR INTRODUCTIONS to nanotechnology usually crow about the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, such naïveté forces an invol- untary guffaw out of Timothy Triche, chief pathologist at Childrens Hospital Los manageable than lab work at the atomic level. But science does not * For the record, nanas is Greek has scored impressive breakthroughs in fund- ing. ("Nanotechnology," an Oxford don reportedly sneered

Southern California, University of

293

Risk Assessment and Monitoring of Stored CO2 in Organic Rocks Under Non-Equilibrium Conditions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The USA is embarking upon tackling the serious environmental challenges posed to the world by greenhouse gases, especially carbon dioxide (CO2). The dimension of the problem is daunting. In fact, according to the Energy Information Agency, nearly 6 billion metric tons of CO2 were produced in the USA in 2007 with coal-burning power plants contributing about 2 billion metric tons. To mitigate the concerns associated with CO2 emission, geological sequestration holds promise. Among the potential geological storage sites, unmineable coal seams and shale formations in particular show promise because of the probability of methane recovery while sequestering the CO2. However. the success of large-scale sequestration of CO2 in coal and shale would hinge on a thorough understanding of CO2's interactions with host reservoirs. An important parameter for successful storage of CO2 reservoirs would be whether the pressurized CO2 would remain invariant in coal and shale formations under reasonable internal and/or external perturbations. Recent research has brought to the fore the potential of induced seismicity, which may result in caprock compromise. Therefore, to evaluate the potential risks involved in sequestering CO2 in Illinois bituminous coal seams and shale, we studied: (i) the mechanical behavior of Murphysboro (Illinois) and Houchin Creek (Illinois) coals, (ii) thermodynamic behavior of Illinois bituminous coal at - 100oC ? T ? 300oC, (iii) how high pressure CO2 (up to 20.7 MPa) modifies the viscosity of the host, (iv) the rate of emission of CO2 from Illinois bituminous coal and shale cores if the cores, which were pressurized with high pressure (? 20.7 MPa) CO2, were exposed to an atmospheric pressure, simulating the development of leakage pathways, (v) whether there are any fractions of CO2 stored in these hosts which are resistance to emission by simply exposing the cores to atmospheric pressure, and (vi) how compressive shockwaves applied to the coal and shale cores, which were pressurized with high pressure CO2, determine the fate of sequestered CO2 in these cores. Our results suggested that Illinois bituminous coal in its unperturbed state, i.e., when not pressurized with CO2, showed large variations in the mechanical properties. Modulus varied from 0.7 GPa to 3.4 GPa even though samples were extracted from a single large chunk of coal. We did not observe any glass transition for Illinois bituminous coal at - 100oC ? T ? 300oC, however, when the coal was pressurized with CO2 at ambient ? P ? 20.7 MPa, the viscosity of the coal decreased and inversely scaled with the CO2 pressure. The decrease in viscosity as a function of pressure could pose CO2 injection problems for coal as lower viscosity would allow the solid coal to flow to plug the fractures, fissures, and cleats. Our experiments also showed a very small fraction of CO2 was absorbed in coal; and when CO2 pressurized coals were exposed to atmospheric conditions, the loss of CO2 from coals was massive. Half of the sequestered gas from the coal cores was lost in less than 20 minutes. Our shockwave experiments on Illinois bituminous coal, New Albany shale (Illinois), Devonian shale (Ohio), and Utica shale (Ohio) presented clear evidence that the significant emission of the sequestered CO2 from these formations cannot be discounted during seismic activity, especially if caprock is compromised. It is argued that additional shockwave studies, both compressive and transverse, would be required for successfully mapping the risks associated with sequestering high pressure CO2 in coal and shale formations.

Malhotra, Vivak

2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

294

American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Kinetic Effects of Non-Equilibrium Plasma on Partially  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and more attention for its potential to enhance combustion performance in gas turbines and scramjet engines

Ju, Yiguang

295

Flux-difference split parabolized Navier-Stokes algorithm for non-equilibrium chemically reacting flows  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A flux-difference split explicit finite-difference algorithm is presented for solving the parabolized form of the equations governing three-dimensional nonequilibrium chemically reacting flows. The algorithm is based on an explicit noniterative, upwind space-marching scheme developed by Korte, but differs in that the unsteady Riemann problem, rather than the steady Riemann problem, is solved. The algorithm allows either a second or an approximately third-order accurate upwind treatment of the convection terms by employing the unsteady approximate Riemann solver of Roe. The source terms of the species transport equations are treated in either an explicit or implicit manner, and the species diffusion terms are modeled with either a Fickian or a multicomponent model. A validation of the algorithm is performed by comparing computational results with the 2-D Mach 14, 15 degree compression-corner data of Holden. The three-dimensional capability of the algorithm is demonstrated by computing Mach 2.7 flow over a swept wedge scramjet fuel injector, and three-dimensional reacting flow capability is demonstrated by a computing a shock-jet interaction concept for mixing and combustion enhancement. 34 refs.

White, J.A.; Korte, J.J.; Gaffney, R.L. Jr. (Analytical Services and Materials, Inc., Hampton, VA (United States) NASA, Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Thermo-chemical dynamics and chemical quasi-equilibrium of plasmas in thermal non-equilibrium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We examine both processes of ionization by electron and heavy-particle impact in spatially uniform plasmas at rest in the absence of external forces. A singular perturbation analysis is used to study the following physical scenario, in which thermal relaxation becomes much slower than chemical reactions. First, electron-impact ionization is investigated. The dynamics of the system rapidly becomes close to a slow dynamics manifold that allows for defining a unique chemical quasi-equilibrium for two-temperature plasmas and proving that the second law of thermodynamics is satisfied. Then, all ionization reactions are taken into account simultaneously, leading to a surprising conclusion: the inner layer for short time scale (or time boundary layer) directly leads to thermal equilibrium. Global thermo-chemical equilibrium is reached within a short time scale, involving only chemical reactions, even if thermal relaxation through elastic collisions is assumed to be slow.

Massot, Marc [Laboratoire EM2C, UPR 288 CNRS - Ecole Centrale Paris (France); Graille, Benjamin [Laboratoire de Mathematiques d'Orsay, UMR 8628 CNRS - Universite Paris-Sud (France); Magin, Thierry E. [Aeronautics and Aerospace Department, von Karman Institute for Fluid Dynamics (Belgium)

2011-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

297

Non-Equilibrium Magnetohydrodynamic Behavior of Plasmas having Complex, Evolving Morphology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Our main activity has been doing lab experiments where plasmas having morphology and behavior similar to solar and astrophysical plasmas are produced and studied. The solar experiment is mounted on one end of a large vacuum chamber while the astrophysical jet experiment is mounted on the other end. Diagnostics are shared between the two experiments. The solar experiment produces arched plasma loops that behave very much like solar corona loops. The astrophysical jet experiment produces plasma jets that are very much like astrophysical jets. We have also done work on plasma waves, including general wave dispersions, and specific properties of kinetic Alfven waves and of whistler waves.

Bellan, Paul M. [Caltech] [Caltech

2014-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

298

Non-equilibrium self-assembly of a filament coupled to ATP/GTP hydrolysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the stochastic dynamics of growth and shrinkage of single actin filaments or microtubules taking into account insertion, removal, and ATP/GTP hydrolysis of subunits. The resulting phase diagram contains three different phases: a rapidly growing phase, an intermediate phase and a bound phase. We analyze all these phases, with an emphasis on the bound phase. We also discuss how hydrolysis affects force-velocity curves. The bound phase shows features of dynamic instability, which we characterize in terms of the time needed for the ATP/GTP cap to disappear as well as the time needed for the filament to reach a length of zero, i.e., (to collapse) for the first time. We obtain exact expressions for all these quantities, which we test using Monte Carlo simulations.

Padinhateeri Ranjith; David Lacoste; Kirone Mallick; Jean-Francois Joanny

2008-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

299

Geometry and temperature dependent thermal conductivity of diamond nanowires: A non-equilibrium molecular dynamics study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

plasma etching of polycrystalline diamond films [7], microwave plasma assisted chemical vapor deposition. For theoretical calculations of proper- ties of nanosized diamond materials, polycrystalline diamond thin filmsGeometry and temperature dependent thermal conductivity of diamond nanowires: A non

Melnik, Roderick

300

Non-equilibrium coherent vortex states and subharmonic giant Shapiro steps in Josephson junction arrays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This is a review of recent work on the dynamic response of Josephson junction arrays driven by dc and ac currents. The arrays are modeled by the resistively shunted Josephson junction model, appropriate for proximity effect junctions, including self-induced magnetic fields as well as disorder. The relevance of the self-induced fields is measured as a function of a parameter $\\kappa=\\lambda_L/a$, with $\\lambda_L$ the London penetration depth of the arrays, and $a$ the lattice spacing. The transition from Type II ($\\kappa>1$) to Type I ($\\kappa <1$) behavior is studied in detail. We compare the results for models with self, self+nearest-neighbor, and full inductance matrices. In the $\\kappa=\\infty$ limit, we find that when the initial state has at least one vortex-antivortex pair, after a characteristic transient time these vortices unbind and {\\it radiate} other vortices. These radiated vortices settle into a parity-broken, time-periodic, {\\em axisymmetric coherent vortex state} (ACVS), characterized by alternate rows of positive and negative vortices lying along a tilted axis. The ACVS produces subharmonic steps in the current voltage (IV) characteristics, typical of giant Shapiro steps. For finite $\\kappa$ we find that the IV's show subharmonic giant Shapiro steps, even at zero external magnetic field. We find that these subharmonic steps are produced by a whole family of coherent vortex oscillating patterns, with their structure changing as a function of $\\kappa$. In general, we find that these patterns are due to a break down of translational invariance produced, for example, by disorder or antisymmetric edge-fields. The zero field case results are in good qualitative agreement with experiments

Daniel Domnguez; Jorge V. Jos

1994-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotechnology gc5 non-equilibrium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

The behavior of matter under non-equilibrium conditions: Fundamental aspects and applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report briefly discusses concepts of chaotic systems. The topics discusses are: Bernoulli maps; mathematical aspects of the complex spectral representations; and large poincare systems. (LSP)

Prigogine, I.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Finite-Temperature Non-equilibrium Quasicontinuum Method based on Langevin Dynamics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The concurrent bridging of molecular dynamics and continuum thermodynamics presents a number of challenges, mostly associated with energy transmission and changes in the constitutive description of a material across domain boundaries. In this paper, we propose a framework for simulating coarse dynamic systems in the canonical ensemble using the Quasicontinuum method (QC). The equations of motion are expressed in reduced QC coordinates and are strictly derived from dissipative Lagrangian mechanics. The derivation naturally leads to a classical Langevin implementation where the timescale is governed by vibrations emanating from the finest length scale occurring in the computational cell. The equations of motion are integrated explicitly via Newmark's ({beta} = 0; {gamma} = 1/2) method, leading to a robust numerical behavior and energy conservation. In its current form, the method only allows for wave propagations supported by the less compliant of the two meshes across a heterogeneous boundary, which requires the use of overdamped dynamics to avoid spurious heating due to reflected vibrations. We have applied the method to two independent crystallographic systems characterized by different interatomic potentials (Al and Ta) and have measured thermal expansion in order to quantify the vibrational entropy loss due to homogenization. We rationalize the results in terms of system size, mesh coarseness, and nodal cluster diameter within the framework of the quasiharmonic approximation. For Al, we find that the entropy loss introduced by mesh coarsening varies linearly with the element size, and that volumetric effects are not critical in driving the anharmonic behavior of the simulated systems. In Ta, the anomalies of the interatomic potential employed result in negative and zero thermal expansion at low and high temperatures, respectively.

Marian, J; Venturini, G; Hansen, B; Knap, J; Ortiz, M; Campbell, G

2009-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

303

A non-equilibrium model for fixed-bed multi-component adiabatic adsorption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to enter the bed. Solutions along a z ~ constant char- acteristic are the history of the. volumn element of the bed located a s constant, This physical interpretat1on is a physical approximation of the real world where adsorber discontinuities... 1 3. 3. 2 3e3e3 3. 3. 4 3. 3. 5 Solution of the multi-component adiabatic adsorption equation, . ~ ~ ~ Fluid phase equations. Fixed-bed solid phase equations. , ~ Construction of the solution surface by stepwise integra- tion...

Harwell, Jeffrey Harry

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Oblique and conical shock similarity laws for non-equilibrium flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. IV. VI. INTRODUCTION REVIEN OF PREVIOUS WORK. OBl I'VE SHOCK VIBRATIONAL SIMILITUDE CHEilllCAL iNOZ -EQUILI BRIIVl EXTENSIOiN TO CONICAL FLON. RE1IARKS AND CONCLUSIONS. REFERENCES APPENDIX Page 12 22 31 37 39 LIST OF FIGUWHS Figure... Normal Shock Vibrational Similarity Param ter Normal Shock Dissociation Similarity Parameter Page 10 Oblique Shock Vibrational Similarity Law 19 Oblique Shock Dissociation Similarity Parameter Conical Shock Dissociation Similarity Parameter...

Holster, Jesse Louis

1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Mixing from Fickian Diffusion and Natural Convection in Binary Non-Equilibrium Fluid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to as secondary recovery mechanisms. Reducing greenhouse gas emissions to hold back climate changes represents one of applications such as improved oil recovery and carbon sequestration. Gas injection into oil reservoirs has long been used to maintain the pressure needed for recovery processes. The subsequent mixing between the gas

Firoozabadi, Abbas

306

Adjoint-Based Aerothermodynamic Shape Design of Hypersonic Vehicles in Non-Equilibrium Flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

geometries with aerothermodynamic considerations in the presence of high-enthalpy, chemically reactive gas terms R Governing equation residual S Control surface T Temperature U Vector of conserved variables u. The hypersonic vehicle design process requires the synthesis of aerothermodynamic, structural, TPS material

Alonso, Juan J.

307

Stochastic thermodynamics of fluctuating density fields: Non-equilibrium free energy differences under coarse-graining  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We discuss the stochastic thermodynamics of systems that are described by a time-dependent density field, for example, simple liquids and colloidal suspensions. For a time-dependent change of external parameters, we show that the Jarzynski relation connecting work with the change of free energy holds if the time evolution of the density follows the Kawasaki-Dean equation. Specifically, we study the work distributions for the compression and expansion of a two-dimensional colloidal model suspension implementing a practical coarse-graining scheme of the microscopic particle positions. We demonstrate that even if coarse-grained dynamics and density functional do not match, the fluctuation relations for the work still hold albeit for a different, apparent, change of free energy.

Leonard, T.; Lander, B.; Seifert, U. [II. Institut fr Theoretische Physik, Universitt Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 57, 70550 Stuttgart (Germany)] [II. Institut fr Theoretische Physik, Universitt Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 57, 70550 Stuttgart (Germany); Speck, T. [Institut fr Theoretische Physik II, Heinrich-Heine-Universitt Dsseldorf, Universittsstrae 1, 40225 Dsseldorf (Germany)] [Institut fr Theoretische Physik II, Heinrich-Heine-Universitt Dsseldorf, Universittsstrae 1, 40225 Dsseldorf (Germany)

2013-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

308

Radiative transfer within non Beerian porous media with semitransparent and opaque phases in non equilibrium;  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

equilibrium; Application to reflooding of a nuclear reactor. Miloud Chahlafia,b,c , Fabien Belleta,b , Florian Transfer 55, 13-14 (2012) 3666-3676" DOI : 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2012.02.067 #12;nuclear reactor flux Indexes - At the calculation point -+ Dimensionless 3 hal-00680676,version1-19Mar2012 #12;-(j) jth

Boyer, Edmond

309

Thermal non-equilibrium in dispersed flow film boiling in a vertical tube  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The departure from thermal equilibrium between a dispersed liquid phase and its vapor at high quality during film boiling is investigated, The departure from equilibruim is manifested by the high resistance to heat transfer ...

Forslund, Robert Paul

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Boiling Crisis as a Non-Equilibrium Drying V. S. Nikolayev, D. A. Beysens, J. Hegseth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

crisis is the formation of a vapor film between the heater and the liquid when the heat supply exceeds in the coordinates heat supply heater temperature is sketched in Fig. 1 for the case of stationary boiling experiment, the so called "pool boiling". When the heat supply to the fluid pool is small, only a fluid

Nikolayev, Vadim S.

311

CHF as a Non-Equilibrium Drying Transition V. S. Nikolayev  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

film between the heater and the liquid when the heat supply exceeds a critical value, the critical heat

Nikolayev, Vadim S.

312

Effects of non-equilibrium plasma discharge on counterflow diffusion flame extinction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA b U.S. Air Force and resulted in an increase of extinction strain rates through the coupling between thermal and kinetic effects produces heat, rad- icals, excited species, ions/electrons, and other intermediate species simultaneously

Ju, Yiguang

313

Kinetic effects of non-equilibrium plasma-assisted methane oxidation on diffusion flame extinction limits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

08544, USA b US Air Force Research Laboratory, Propulsion Directorate, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH 45433 plasma assisted combustion resulted in fast chemical heat release and extended the extinction limits processes in plasmaflame interactions [117]. However, plasma assisted combustion involves strong coupling

Ju, Yiguang

314

SciTech Connect: Fe Atomic Data for Non-equilibrium Ionization Plasmas  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administrationcontroller systemsBi (2) Sr (2) Ca (2) Cu (3) O (10+delta)NeutronFIXATIION IN

315

Non-equilibrium raft-like membrane domains under continuous recycling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a model for the kinetics of spontaneous membrane domain (raft) assembly that includes the effect of membrane recycling ubiquitous in living cells. We show that the domains have a broad power-law distribution with an average radius that scales with the 1/4 power of the domain lifetime when the line tension at the domain edges is large. For biologically reasonable recycling and diffusion rates the average domain radius is in the tens of nm range, consistent with observations. This represents one possible link between signaling (involving rafts) and traffic (recycling) in cells. Finally, we present evidence that suggests that the average raft size may be the same for all scale-free recycling schemes.

Matthew S. Turner; Pierre Sens; Nicholas D. Socci

2005-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

316

High-Efficiency Solid State Cooling Technologies: Non-Equilibrium Asymmetic Thermoelectrics (NEAT) Devices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

BEETIT Project: Sheetak is developing a thermoelectric-based solid state cooling system to replace typical air conditioners that use vapor compression to cool air. With noisy mechanical components, vapor compression systems use a liquid refrigerant to circulate within the air conditioner, absorb heat, and pump the heat out into the external environment. With no noisy moving parts or polluting refrigerants, thermoelectric systems rely on an electrical current being passed through the junction of the two different conducting materials to change temperature. Using advanced semiconductor technology, Sheetak is improving solid state cooling systems by using proprietary thermoelectric materials along with other innovations to achieve significant energy efficiency. Sheetaks new design displaces compressor-based technology; improves reliability; and decreases energy usage. Sheetaks use of semiconductor manufacturing methods leads to less material usefacilitating cheaper production.

None

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Study of Methane Reforming in Warm Non-Equilibrium Plasma Discharges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, temperature and other variables determine efficiency of conversion. An efficient process is identified by a high yield and low specific energy of production for the desired product. A study of previous work reveals that higher energy density systems are more...

Parimi, Sreekar

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

318

NANOTECHNOLOGY 19 (2008) 405607  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the electrodeposition yield of nickel nanoparticles/nanowires at low voltage. As an illustration, the pore filling of electrodeposited Ni nanoparticles/nanowires inside porous anodic alumina templates by an exponential anodization the density of pores filled with metal (by electrodeposition) rather than the pore density itself. This could

Boyer, Edmond

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

The Center for Nanotechnologies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Kramer LA-UR--12-22414 Cover art - Artist's concept of nanotubes on the liquid surface. Image from Los around cementing our brand as a leader in integration nanoscience. This can be seen most readily

320

Microsystems and Nanotechnology Group  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, including biomedical devices, nano-computing, nano-devices, communication, energy, sensors and actuators-capacitors based on nano-structured (polymer, nanotube) materials, nanowire and nano-composite solar cells modulators, fiber communication, and semi- conductor laser, vertical cavity lasers, photonics. · Sensors

Pulfrey, David L.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotechnology gc5 non-equilibrium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Microsystems and Nanotechnology Group  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, including biomedical devices, nano-computing, nano-devices, communication, energy, sensors and actuators-structured (polymer, nanotube) materials, nanowire and nano-composite solar cells, nanowire electrodes for batteries, vertical cavity lasers, photonics. · Sensors and actuators: fiber optic high-voltage electric-field sensors

Pulfrey, David L.

322

Environmental Impacts of Nanotechnology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Treatment Plant Society Wastewater Treatment plant Not Everyone Lives Upstream >75% of the US population is served by centralized wastewater treatment facilities #12;US Environmental Protection Agency (and NSF releases nano-Ag and Ag+ into sewage water · Bacteria in wastewater treatment plant biosorb silver · Some

Zhang, Junshan

323

Nanotechnology | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGY TAXBalanced Scorecard Federal2 to:DieselEnergy Auditor U.S. Department of

324

National Nanotechnology Initiative  

Office of Science (SC) Website

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched5 IndustrialIsadore Perlman, 1960 The ErnestLouisMichael J.| U.S.Nathaniel J.National

325

Contribution to Nanotechnology Manufacturing  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed New SubstationCleanCommunity2Workshops01 SF-30 Attachment2012shares Nano 50 award for

326

Flame aerosol nano-technology has been developed to preparation of thin and defect-free porous membrane from the gas phase as a one step method in preparation of membrane for gas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract Flame aerosol nano-technology has been developed to preparation of thin and defect on deposition of nano particles (-Al2O3, MgO or spinel MgAl2O4), formed in the premixed flame reactor through/or aluminium precursors in the flame to form nano-particles of -Al2O3, MgO or MgAl2O4 spinel. The generated

327

Non-equilibrium and local detection of the normal fraction of a trapped two-dimensional Bose gas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-dimensional Bose gas, a quantity that generally differs from the Bose-Einstein condensed fraction. The idea-Einstein condensation [7]. A possibil- ity explored in [8] is to look at the response of a gas in a toroidal trap for atomic samples, as the superfluid core co-exists with an external ring of normal gas [10]. In p

328

Non-equilibrium Quantum Many-Body Green Function Formalism in the light of Quantum Information Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The following issues are discussed inspired by the recent paper of Kadanoff (arXiv: 1403:6162): (a) Construction of a generalized one-particle Wigner distribution (GWD) function (analog of the classical distribution function) from which the quantum kinetic equation due to Kadanoff and Baym (KB) is derived, often called the Quantum Boltzmann Equation (QBE); (b) The equation obeyed by this has a collision contribution in the form of a two-particle Green function. This term is manipulated to have Kinetic Entropy in parallel to its counterpart in the classical Boltzmann kinetic equation for the classical distribution function. This proved to be problematic in that unlike in the classical Boltzmann kinetic equation, the contribution from the kinetic entropy term was non-positive; (3) Kadanoff surmised that this situation could perhaps be related to quantum entanglement that may not have been included in his theory. It is shown that GWD is not positive everywhere (indicating dynamical quantumness) just like the commonly recognized property of the Wigner function (negative property indicating quantumness of the state). The issue of non-positive feature appearing in approximate evaluation of patently positive entities in many particle systems is here pointed to an early discussion of this issue (Phys. Rev. A10, 1852 (1974)) in terms of a theorem on truncation of cumulant expansion of a probability distribution function due to Marcinkeiwicz. The last issue of presence or absence of entanglement in an approximate evaluation of a many particle correlation poses a new problem; it is considered here in terms of fermionic entanglement theory in the light of density matrix and Green function theory of many-fermion systems. The clue comes from the fact that the Hartree-Fock approximation exhbits no entantanglement in two-particle fermion density matrix and hence also in two-particle Green function.

A. K. Rajgaopal

2014-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

329

A parallel multistate framework for atomistic non-equilibrium reaction dynamics of solutes in strongly interacting organic solvents  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe a parallel linear-scaling computational framework developed to implement arbitrarily large multi-state empirical valence bond (MS-EVB) calculations within CHARMM. Forces are obtained using the Hellman-Feynmann relationship, giving continuous gradients, and excellent energy conservation. Utilizing multi-dimensional Gaussian coupling elements fit to CCSD(T)-F12 electronic structure theory, we built a 64-state MS-EVB model designed to study the F + CD3CN -> DF + CD2CN reaction in CD3CN solvent. This approach allows us to build a reactive potential energy surface (PES) whose balanced accuracy and efficiency considerably surpass what we could achieve otherwise. We use our PES to run MD simulations, and examine a range of transient observables which follow in the wake of reaction, including transient spectra of the DF vibrational band, time dependent profiles of vibrationally excited DF in CD3CN solvent, and relaxation rates for energy flow from DF into the solvent, all of which agree well with experime...

Glowacki, David R; Harvey, Jeremy N

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Steady-state film-boiling data in rod-bundle geometry and non-equilibrium correlation assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A series of 22 steady-state, rod bundle, dispersed flow film boiling experiments has been performed in the Thermal-Hydraulic Test Facility (THTF), a pressurized-water loop containing 64 full-length electrically heated rods. Test parameters in the upflow experiments cover a wide range of conditions typical of those which might be encountered during a nuclear reactor loss-of-coolant accident. Local equilibrium fluid conditions were calculated using mass and energy conservation considerations. Experimentally determined heat transfer coefficients were compared to several available film boiling heat transfer correlations: Dougall-Rohsenow, Groeneveld 5.7, Groeneveld-Delorme, Chen, Jones-Zuber, and Yoder-Rohsenow. The Groeneveld 5.7 correlation tended to predict the data better than any other correlation tested. The Dougall-Rohsenow correlation tends to overpredict the data while the Yoder-Rohsenow correlation predicted the data better than the other nonequilibrium correlations examined. However, all of the nonequilibrium correlations generally underpredict the heat transfer.

Yoder, G.L.; Morris, D.G.; Mullins, C.B.; Ott, L.J.; Reed, D.A.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Application of Semi-Grand Canonical Monte Carlo (SGMC) methods to describe non-equilibrium polymer systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Understanding the structure of materials, and how this structure affects their properties, is an important step towards the understanding that is necessary in order to apply computational methods to the end of designing ...

Bernardin, Frederick E

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Temporal and Dose Kinetics of Tunnel Relaxation of Non-Equilibrium Near-Interfacial Charged Defects in Insulators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper is devoted mainly to mathematical aspects of modeling and simulation of tunnel relaxation of nonequilibrium charged oxide traps located at/near the interface insulator - conductive channel, for instance in irradiated MOS devices. The generic form of the tunnel annealing response function was derived from the rate equation for the charged defect buildup and annealing as a linear superposition of the responses of different defects with different time constants. Using this linear response function, a number of important practical problems are analyzed and discussed. Combined tunnel and thermal or RICN annealing, power-like temporal relaxation after a single ion strike into the gate oxide, are described in context of general approach.

Zebrev, Gennady I

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Materials Science and Engineering A 449451 (2007) 1217 Non-equilibrium solidification of concentrated FeGe alloys  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with the interface diffusive speed (VD) for diffusion-limited or speed of sound (Vs) for collision-limited growth phase change like peritectic reaction during liquid to solid transformation. The Fe-rich part of Fe-equilibrium conditions. The deviation of the chemical equilibrium at the solid­liquid interface and the kinetic

Srivastava, Kumar Vaibhav

334

Non-equilibrium deposition of phase pure Cu{sub 2}O thin films at reduced growth temperature  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cuprous oxide (Cu{sub 2}O) is actively studied as a prototypical material for energy conversion and electronic applications. Here we reduce the growth temperature of phase pure Cu{sub 2}O thin films to 300?C by intentionally controlling solely the kinetic parameter (total chamber pressure, P{sub tot}) at fixed thermodynamic condition (0.25 mTorr pO{sub 2}). A strong non-monotonic effect of P{sub tot} on Cu-O phase formation is found using high-throughput combinatorial-pulsed laser deposition. This discovery creates new opportunities for the growth of Cu{sub 2}O devices with low thermal budget and illustrates the importance of kinetic effects for the synthesis of metastable materials with useful properties.

Subramaniyan, Archana, E-mail: asubrama@mymail.mines.edu [National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado 80401 (United States); Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado 80401 (United States); Perkins, John D.; Lany, Stephan; Stevanovic, Vladan; Ginley, David S.; Zakutayev, Andriy [National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, Colorado 80401 (United States); OHayre, Ryan P. [Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado 80401 (United States)

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Indirect heating of Pt by non-equilibrium electrons in Au in a nanoscale Pt/Au bilayer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-line equivalent-circuit. For optical exciation of either the Pt or Au side of the bilayer, the majority of energy excitations which are then driven out of thermal equilibrium with the vibrations of the atomic lattice.1

Cahill, David G.

336

Science and technology news Nanotechnology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stretchable electronics device holds promise for treating irregular heart rhythms March 24, 2010 Enlarge A new-Champaign and the University of Pennsylvania are the first to demonstrate a flexible silicon electronics device used and microfluidic devices. "The heart is dynamic and not flat, but electronics currently used for monitoring

Rogers, John A.

337

Science and technology news Nanotechnology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

environmental exposures affect disease risk," said NIEHS Director Linda Birnbaum, Ph.D. "This paper brings us of Environmental Health Sciences, part of the National Institutes of Health. The new technology is discussed in detecting high exposures to toxic industrial chemicals that pose serious health risks in the workplace

Suslick, Kenneth S.

338

Navillum Nanotechnologies | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Nitrogen Group Stanford University The Stanford Nitrogen Group developed a new wastewater treatment process, termed "CANDO", for the removal and recovery of energy from waste...

339

Navillum Nanotechnologies | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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340

Svaya Nanotechnologies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotechnology gc5 non-equilibrium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Navillum Nanotechnologies | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert Southwest Regionat Cornell Batteries &NSTCurrent Issues & TrendsNavillum

342

J. fhys. D:Appl. fhys. 28 (1995)1903-1918.Printed in he UK 1 Non-equilibrium coupled kinetics in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

equation coupled to the rate balance equationsfor the vibrationally excited molecules N2(X 'E;, v) and 02(X are studied with the purpose of material treatments or in order to test coating materials for space vehicles

Guerra, Vasco

343

Non-Equilibrium Beta Processes in Neutron Stars: A Relationship between the Net Reaction Rate and the Total Emissivity of Neutrinos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Several different processes could be changing the density in the core of a neutron star, leading to a departure from $\\beta$ equilibrium, quantified by the chemical potential difference $\\delta\\mu\\equiv\\mu_n-\\mu_p-\\mu_e$. The evolution of this quantity is coupled to that of the star's interior temperature $T$ by two functions that quantify the rate at which neutrino-emitting reactions proceed: the net reaction rate (difference between $\\beta$ decay and capture rates), $\\Gamma_{\\rm net}(T,\\delta\\mu)$, and the total emissivity (total energy emission rate in the form of neutrinos and antineutrinos), $\\epsilon_{\\rm tot}(T,\\delta\\mu)$. Here, we present a simple and general relationship between these variables, ${\\partial\\epsilon_{\\rm tot}/\\partial\\delta\\mu=3\\Gamma_{\\rm net}}$, and show that it holds even in the case of superfluid nucleons. This relation may simplify the numerical calculation of these quantities, including superfluid reduction factors.

Sergio Flores-Tulian; Andreas Reisenegger

2006-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

344

The behavior of matter under non-equilibrium conditions: Fundamental aspects and applications. Progress report, July 15, 1991--July 14, 1992  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report briefly discusses concepts of chaotic systems. The topics discusses are: Bernoulli maps; mathematical aspects of the complex spectral representations; and large poincare systems. (LSP)

Prigogine, I.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Evaluation of technical feasibility of closed-cycle non-equilibrium MHD power generation with direct coal firing. Final report, Task 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Program accomplishments in a continuing effort to demonstrate the feasibility of direct coal fired, closed cycle, magnetohydrodynamic power generation are detailed. These accomplishments relate to all system aspects of a CCMHD power generation system including coal combustion, heat transfer to the MHD working fluid, MHD power generation, heat and cesium seed recovery and overall systems analysis. Direct coal firing of the combined cycle has been under laboratory development in the form of a high slag rejection, regeneratively air cooled cyclone coal combustor concept, originated within this program. A hot bottom ceramic regenerative heat exchanger system was assembled and test fired with coal for the purposes of evaluating the catalytic effect of alumina on NO/sub x/ emission reduction and operability of the refractory dome support system. Design, procurement, fabrication and partial installation of a heat and seed recovery flow apparatus was accomplished and was based on a stream tube model of the full scale system using full scale temperatures, tube sizes, rates of temperature change and tube geometry. Systems analysis capability was substantially upgraded by the incorporation of a revised systems code, with emphasis on ease of operator interaction as well as separability of component subroutines. The updated code was used in the development of a new plant configuration, the Feedwater Cooled (FCB) Brayton Cycle, which is superior to the CCMHD/Steam cycle both in performance and cost. (WHK)

Not Available

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Nanoelectronics Innovations in nanotechnology promise to revolutionize  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-fast electrochemistry needed to develop super-capacitors. Williams and Fuhrer develop materials and manufacturing

Hill, Wendell T.

347

Improving Targeted Radionuclide Therapy Using Nuclear Nanotechnology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.4 Radioactive Nanoparticle Structural Integrity ......................................... 22 2.5 Nuclear Probability Theory: Radioactive Nuclei per Nanoparticle ........ 23 2.6 Nanoparticle-Antibody Directional Conjugation...NPs ........................................ 64 3.10 AuNP Endocytosis .................................................................................. 75 4. DERIVATION OF TRT DOSIMETRY USING PROBABILITY THEORY .... 77 4.1 Tumor Dosimetry Derivation of Endocytosed Nano...

Evans, Jordan Andrew

2013-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

348

NANOTECHNOLOGY INITIATIVE Annual Report FY 20092010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, faster, and more energyefficient electronic devices. A new US Department of Educationfunded program

349

Nanotechnology: emerging tools for biology and medicine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Historically, biomedical research has been based on two paradigms. First, measurements of biological behaviors have been based on bulk assays that average over large populations. Second, these behaviors have then been ...

Wong, Ian Y.

350

Micro and nanotechnology for cancer treatment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cancer is responsible for over 7.6 million deaths worldwide; the majority of patients fail to respond to drugs or become resistant over time. In order to gain a better understanding of drug efficacy in patients, we developed ...

Ullal, Adeeti (Adeeti Vedantham)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Using Nanotechnology in Viscoelastic Surfactant Stimulation Fluids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Viscoelastic surfactant (VES) fluids are preferred for many applications in the oil industry. Their viscoelastic behavior is due to the overlap and entanglement of very long wormlike micelles. The growth of these wormlike micelles depends...

Gurluk, Merve Rabia 1986-

2012-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

352

Northern California Nanotechnology Center Safety Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

pants and a lab coat in the chemical lab room (1246 Kemper) -- to prevent contaminating materials onto. Earplugs follow a similar rule. No running -- To prevent accidents, do not run in the cleanroom. Guests our vacuum systems clean, only put in clean dry samples that don't give off any odor. Odiferous

Yoo, S. J. Ben

353

Fourier Diffusion and Special Relativity in Nanotechnology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper the transport phenomena in On-Chip-Transmission Line are investigated . The transport equation are developed and solved. The near light speed phenomena in OCTL are investigated Key words: On-chip transmission line, transport phenomena, near light speed phenomena

J. Marciak-Kozlowska; M. Kozlowski

2006-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

354

Hindawi Publishing Corporation Journal of Nanotechnology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of carbon tetrachloride with these materials has been investigated using gas chromatography. It is seen due to their resistance to nat- ural attenuation by microbiological degradation. Carbon tetrachloride Nanocatalyst: Palladium Nanoparticles Supported on Hierarchical Carbon Nanostructures Hema Vijwani,1 Abinash

Mukhopadhyay, Sharmila M.

355

Nanotechnology in the Regeneration of Complex Tissues  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on nanometric-grooved topographies. shown for illustration are endothelial cells (B) exhibiting contact guidance when cultured on 240-nmgrooved arrays (C). immunocytochemistry: Red is actin, green is vinculin, and blue is daPi (nuclear). Cassidy 30 Bone... ,76 Here, liver microsomes are encapsulated in a 3D hydrogel matrix on a PEG diacrylate surface. Nanoscale microfluidic channels are employed to recapitulate the in vivo exchange of nutrients and waste in a liver-on-a-chip format. By modeling cytochrome...

Cassidy, John W.

2014-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

356

Challenges and opportunities for structural DNA nanotechnology  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series to User Group and User ExecutiveCentral ActivatorAntennaAPS Challa

357

Approaches to Safe Nanotechnology | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergy Cooperation |South42.2 (April 2012)Tie Ltd |Line, LLC:LLC |DepartmentApproaches to Safe

358

Altair Nanotechnologies Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 East 300Algoil Jump to:Information332InformationCoreAlta,

359

Separation Nanotechnology of Diethylenetriaminepentaacetic Acid Bonded  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administrationcontroller systemsBi (2) SrEvaluating theDepartmentSensitivity ofSensors

360

Putting Science to Work BUILDING NANOTECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotechnology gc5 non-equilibrium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Non-equilibrium vibrational and electron energy distributions functions in atmospheric nitrogen ns pulsed discharges and \\mus post-discharges: the role of electron molecule vibrational excitation scaling-laws  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The formation of the electron energy distribution function in nanosecond atmospheric nitrogen discharges is investigated by means of self-consistent solution of the chemical kinetics and the Boltzmann equation for free electrons. The post-discharge phase is followed to few microseconds. The model is formulated in order to investigate the role of the cross section set, focusing on the vibrational-excitation by electron-impact through resonant channel. Four different cross section sets are considered, one based on internally consistent vibrational-excitation calculations which extend to the whole vibrational ladder, and the others obtained by applying commonly used scaling-laws.

Colonna, Gianpiero; Celiberto, Roberto; Capitelli, Mario; Tennyson, Jonathan

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Abbreviations: IEF, isoelectric focussing; NEPHGE, non-equilibrium pH gradient electrophoresis; PAGE, polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis; pI, isoelectric point; SDS, sodium dodecyl sulphate; SI, self-incompatibility; 1-D, 1 dimensional; 2-D, 2 dimensional  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; PAGE, polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis; pI, isoelectric point; SDS, sodium dodecyl sulphate; SI, self-incompatibility@yorku.ca Keywords: cysteine protease, -expansin, mass spectrometry, self-incompatibility ABSTRACT Distylous species of Turnera are strongly self-incompatible, therefore they provide an excellent system for investigations

Shore, Joel S.

363

An Assessment Of Nanoscience And Nanotechnology (NST) Initiatives In India.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Technology is the engine of economic growth and technological progress is the most important factor driving a nations sustained economic growth. New technologies assume significant (more)

Watve, Neelima S

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

University Seminar Series Sponsored by the Nanotechnology Graduate Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

materials system, which can be generated to increase the half-life of the particle in the bloodstream by preventing adsorption of proteins via hydrated outer layers, thus acting as a "stealth" layer that prevents complementary interactions to generate functional materials with highly controlled architecture. Applications

Fisher, Frank

365

Nanotechnology Applications in Self-Assembly and DNA Computing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2009). Compact and light supercapacitors from a surface-onlyOne example is CNT- based supercapacitors where a CNTs

Akin, Hayri Engin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Sponsored by Nanotechnology Seminar Program Fulfilling a Dream: Low Cost  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

material for low cost, thin film, solar cell absorber layers is the quaternary compound of Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS for the development of low cost Cu2ZnSn(Se,S)4 thin film solar cells with even higher efficiency. BIOGRAPHY Lili electronics and in flexible solar panels with applications in electric cars, smarter buildings and data

Fisher, Frank

367

Nanotechnology Applications in Self-Assembly and DNA Computing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

J. Nanoelectronics and Optoelectronics, 1, 1, 74-81. doi:including sensors, optoelectronics and electronics 18-24 .

Akin, Hayri Engin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Wet-Nanotechnology: fl id t NIUnanofluids at NIU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Advanced Flow and Heat Transfer Fluids Resistively Heated C ibl Cooling System Liquid Crucible Presented at moving nanofluid film Nitrogen cooling plate with coils and fins G f www.kostic.niu.edu/DRnanofluids FIG' applications Advanced, hybrid nanofluids:y · Heat-transfer nanofluids (ANL & NIU) · Tribological nanofluids

Kostic, Milivoje M.

369

Ecologic: Nanotechnology, Environmental Assurance Bonding, and Symmetric Humility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Price Biodivers- ity? Economic Incentives and Biodiversityeducation, and economic incentives. Years of experience haveJ. Webber, Promoting Economic Incentives for Environmental

Kysar, Douglas A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

University Seminar Series Sponsored by the Nanotechnology Graduate Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the development of efficient thermal management, water desalination, and solar thermal energy systems. Her work transport processes for a variety of applications including lab-on- a-chip, thermal management, and energy next generation thermal and energy systems. BIOGRAPHY Evelyn N. Wang is an Associate Professor

Fisher, Frank

371

Using Nanotechnology in Agriculture Kent Pinkerton, Ph.D.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sensors & microchips · Cell and tissue scaffolds Industrial Molecular switches Battery electrodes Solar Magnetic nanocomposite for tag sensors Nanocoding of plastics and paper materials #12;Perceived or Real

Nguyen, Danh

372

Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies (CINT) | U.S. DOE Office...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

(SUF) Division SUF Home About User Facilities User Facilities Dev X-Ray Light Sources Neutron Scattering Facilities Nanoscale Science Research Centers (NSRCs) Center for...

373

Framing Nano: Media Coverage and Public Opinion about Nanotechnology .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Recent studies have suggested that media coverage and public opinion about biotechnology was similar to nuclear energy and other "emerging technologies." To begin moving beyond (more)

Gorss, Jason

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Nanomanufacturing: Realizing the Promise of Nanotechnology for Energy Security  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

&D activities include: Rapid Infrared Heating ORNL's revolutionary rapid infrared heating process controls grain a 1000 components per day, a 4x improvement in production rate. Rapid infrared heating equipment is available commercially through Infrared Heating Technologies, LLC. C3's MIST Nanocoatings Launches Startup

375

Information Nano-Technologies: Transition from Classical to Quantum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this presentation are discussed some problems, relevant with application of information technologies in nano-scale systems and devices. Some methods already developed in quantum information technologies may be very useful here. Here are considered two illustrative models: representation of data by quantum bits and transfer of signals in quantum wires.

Alexander Yu. Vlasov

2009-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

376

Argonne National Laboratory Scientists Invent Breakthrough Technique in Nanotechnology  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

For many years, scientists have searched for ways to assemble nanoparticles (millions of times smaller than the tip of a pencil) into larger structures of any shape and design. Argonne's team created an assembled, continuous filament of carbon and gold nanoparticles that followed the path of the laser as if it was a magic wand.

377

Design of reversible "smart" surfaces for biomedical and nanotechnological applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 1. An Introduction to Self-Assembled Monolayers & Surface Characterization A brief summary of the formation, structure, and characterization techniques of self assembled monolayers (SAMs) is described. The ...

Tran, Thanh-Nga T. (Thanh-Nga Trinh)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Micro- & Nano-Technologies Enabling More Compact, Lightweight  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department of EnergyDevelopmentTechnologies |CharlesDepartmentMichigan StateMicro

379

Micro- & Nano-Technologies Enabling More Compact, Lightweight  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department of EnergyDevelopmentTechnologies |CharlesDepartmentMichigan

380

High-pressure imaging breakthrough a boon for nanotechnology | Argonne  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun withconfinement plasmas in theinPlastics - EnergyBiofuelfieldpressure

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotechnology gc5 non-equilibrium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Akinc Working to Save Energy with Nanotechnology Insulation | The Ames  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth (AOD)ProductssondeadjustsondeadjustAbout the BuildingInnovationAirport Viz - A 3D Tool to

382

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 19 (2008) 315709 (6pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/19/31/315709  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.1088/0957-4484/19/31/315709 Gas adsorption and capillary condensation in nanoporous alumina films F`elix Casanova1 , Casey E of the sample in good agreement with independent structural measurements. The condensation for toluene lacks somewhat larger than the adsorbate molecular diameter. Capillary condensation during gas adsorption

Roshchin, Igor V.

383

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 22 (2011) 215101 (9pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/22/21/215101  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.1088/0957-4484/22/21/215101 Green tea extract selectively targets nanomechanics of live metastatic cancer cells Sarah E Cross1 Online at stacks.iop.org/Nano/22/215101 Abstract Green tea extract (GTE) is known to be a potential) Green tea, a beverage widely consumed around the world, has long been known for its beneficial health

Gimzewski, James

384

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 20 (2009) 115705 (5pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/20/11/115705  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

O2 NWs and their response towards gaseous species such as water, carbon monoxide and nitrogen diox crystalline tin oxide NWs were grown at 45 from a titanium dioxide substrate. Their elastic properties were

385

INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 16 (2005) 267272 doi:10.1088/0957-4484/16/2/015  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Beijing 100080, People's Republic of China E-mail: hjgao@aphy.iphy.ac.cn Received 5 November 2004. Introduction Shape and size are important factors in determining the struc- tural, physical and chemical.1. Materials Cetyltrimethylammonium (CTAB, ACROS), copper sulfate (CuSO4, Beijing Chemicals), sodium hydroxide

Gao, Hongjun

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 18 (2007) 495704 (7pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/18/49/495704  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) nanostructures, such as helix, coil, ring, spring, bow, and so on, owing to their attractive properties

Wang, Zhong L.

387

INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 16 (2005) 350353 doi:10.1088/0957-4484/16/4/003  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.1088/0957-4484/16/4/003 High power density supercapacitors using locally aligned carbon nanotube electrodes Chunsheng Du1 supercapacitors and other similar electronic devices. 1. Introduction Carbon nanotubes are attractive materials], and for supercapacitors [7­18]. As unique energy storage devices, supercapacitors are able to provide a huge amount

Pan, Ning

388

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 19 (2008) 265705 (5pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/19/26/265705  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

should be addressed. in inverse micelles [7], and through oxidation of metal silicide [8]. These liquid

Chen, Junhong

389

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 19 (2008) 455610 (6pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/19/45/455610  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

assembly using an electrostatic field Shun Mao, Ganhua Lu and Junhong Chen1 Department of Mechanical an electrostatic field was used for decorating carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with nanocrystals. Colloidal CdSe and Au been developed to assemble nanocrystals onto CNTs. Most wet-chemistry strategies involve chemical

Chen, Junhong

390

INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 17 (2006) 28912894 doi:10.1088/0957-4484/17/12/011  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

based on electrostatic force directed assembly. We show that, in addition to an intrinsic nanoparticle with nanoparticles. Due to the inherent material-independent nature of the electrostatic force, various compositions for assembly are primarily based on wet-chemical routes [9­16]. These methods have created many interesting

Chen, Junhong

391

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 20 (2009) 264012 (8pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/20/26/264012  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of both inorganic structures [6, 7] and model dye-sensitized solar cell materials [8, 9]. In many cases

Grütter, Peter

392

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 19 (2008) 025602 (6pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/19/02/025602  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the original fly eyes. A reflection peak was discovered in the near-ultraviolet (UV) region due to the periodic and near-infrared (IR) range (4001100 nm). An optical diffractive equation was used to explain it replica. By measuring the reflective spectra of the replica, we demonstrated that the alumina replica

Wang, Zhong L.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 18 (2007) 245305 (6pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/18/24/245305  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on those hydrophilic edges. Then the electroless deposition of nickel is used to create nickel nanowires.1088/0957-4484/18/24/245305 Step-edge like template fabrication of polyelectrolyte supported nickel nanowires Devesh Srivastava/245305 Abstract A method to produce novel polymer supported nickel nanowires, which are asymmetric (or anisotropic

Lee, Ilsoon

394

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 21 (2010) 165204 (8pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/21/16/165204  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

understand the potential of graphene-based electrically actuated and detected resonators [8 properties at the nanoscale. NEMS [22]-based devices are ideal platforms to harness the unique mechanical, with improvement of the quality factor (Q), graphene-based NEMS devices have the potential to be very sensitive

Deshmukh, Mandar M.

395

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 18 (2007) 295702 (7pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/18/29/295702  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Compositional analysis using electron energy loss spectroscopic elemental mapping and energy dispersive x-ray spectrometry of a single nanocolumn showed alternating bands of Co and Cu, indicating a multilayer structure. X) and a minor hexagonal close packed (hcp) Co phase was also detected. The hcp phase may be due to a high

Wang, Gwo-Ching

396

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 19 (2008) 332001 (14pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/19/33/332001  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

monitoring and process control, medical diagnosis, public security, agriculture and a variety of industries in atmosphere or process gases is of a great concern in relation to environmental pollution, industrial emission to form complete systems with microprocessor and wireless communication units. The discovery of carbon

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 24 (2013) 335703 (7pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/24/33/335703  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. In the new mode, the grid size of the final generated image is an independent variable. Inpainting to a few.1088/0957-4484/24/33/335703 Improved accuracy and speed in scanning probe microscopy by image reconstruction from non-gridded position especially when imaging at higher frame rates. We present a new operation mode for scanning probe microscopy

Münster, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität

398

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 18 (2007) 205704 (5pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/18/20/205704  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

N nanotubes. This finding suggests that a SCSNT is potentially a good photo-sensor material as well as a very of device exhibits I V characteristics suitable for photo-sensor and photo-cell ap- plications. 2 device. Together with the photo-excitation of the carrier under different light intensities, this type

Qi, Limin

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 19 (2008) 105302 (7pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/19/10/105302  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

irreversible degradation after only 10 cycles of UV nanoimprint processes with SU-8 resist. The degradation.1088/0957-4484/19/10/105302 Durable diamond-like carbon templates for UV nanoimprint lithography L Tao1 , S Ramachandran1 , C T Nelson than FDTS. After the same 10 cycles of UV nanoimprints, the surface composition as well

Hu, Wenchuang "Walter"

400

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 21 (2010) 445202 (6pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/21/44/445202  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, Gianluigi Catelani2 , Michael J Rooks1 , Aviad Frydman3 and Daniel E Prober1,2 1 Department of Applied

Devoret, Michel H.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotechnology gc5 non-equilibrium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 18 (2007) 485302 (4pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/18/48/485302  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

August 2007 Published 30 October 2007 Online at stacks.iop.org/Nano/18/485302 Abstract We report a low-cost devices [5], nanofiltration [6], fuel cells [7] and artificial kidneys [8]. Conventional photolithography techniques. In particular, there is a high demand for a low-cost process capable of producing highly uniform

Mohseni, Hooman

402

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 21 (2010) 105107 (8pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/21/10/105107  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.1088/0957-4484/21/10/105107 An experimental study on ferromagnetic nickel nanowires functionalized with antibodies for cell separation Ning, ferromagnetic nickel (Ni) nanowires have been introduced in magnetic cell manipulation [1018] to utilize the fabrication of Ni nanowires using an electrodeposition technique [19, 20] has been widely studied

Yang, Eui-Hyeok

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 21 (2010) 055304 (11pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/21/5/055304  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Photolithographic patterning of uncoated as well as nickel-coated TMV nanostructures has been achieved using a lift deposition directly on the nickel-coated viruses. The biofabrication `process toolbox' presented in this work methods, electrodeposition, solgel and hydrothermal synthesis as well as patterning techniques based

Rubloff, Gary W.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 20 (2009) 065606 (5pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/20/6/065606  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, 15] as well as insulating [16­19] surfaces. The (110) surface of rutile titanium dioxide [20 are in colour only in the electronic version) 1. Introduction The adsorption of molecules onto surfaces has been­27]. In this work, we study the principles of adsorption of C60 on rutile TiO2(110) by non-contact atomic force

Kühnle, Angelika

405

INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 16 (2005) 15981602 doi:10.1088/0957-4484/16/9/032  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and their electrochemical properties characterized by steady state record action potentials from neurons with good signal-to-noise ratio. Since some of our method tunnelling microscopy (STM) and scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) (e.g. Gewirth et al 1989, Slevin

406

INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 15 (2004) 404409 PII: S0957-4484(04)70484-5  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the various growth parameters such as pressure and temperature inside the tube furnace, the amount of graphite for applications in solar cell [14], photo-catalysts [15], etc. One-dimensional ZnO nanowires have a lower furnace followed by condensation on micron-sized graphite flakes at a pressure of 1­2 Torr air

Huang, Jianyu

407

INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 17 (2006) 39843988 doi:10.1088/0957-4484/17/15/063  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

form 28 June 2006 Published 11 July 2006 Online at stacks.iop.org/Nano/17/3984 Abstract Hierarchical solid and hollow spheres, have been synthesized by a facile, template-free, low-temperature solution. Prolonged ageing of the fluffy spheres at 60 C resulted in the formation of unique fluffy hollow ZnS spheres

Qi, Limin

408

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 18 (2007) 115608 (5pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/18/11/115608  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to hollow spherical nanoparticles Zhi-Chuan Xu1,2 , Cheng-Min Shen1 , Cong-Wen Xiao1 , Tian-Zhong Yang1 February 2007 Online at stacks.iop.org/Nano/18/115608 Abstract A seed-mediated method was employed here. These spheres were further studied by TEM and found to all be hollow structures. It was suggested

Gao, Hongjun

409

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 18 (2007) 335605 (5pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/18/33/335605  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2007, in final form 22 June 2007 Published 25 July 2007 Online at stacks.iop.org/Nano/18 networks [4], rings [5], dandelion- shaped hollow structures [6], strips [7], tubes [8] and flower

Bristol, University of

410

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 18 (2007) 115707 (8pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/18/11/115707  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.1088/0957-4484/18/11/115707 Characterizing the elasticity of hollow metal nanowires Changjiang Ji and Harold S Park Department of Civil.park@vanderbilt.edu Received 30 November 2006, in final form 9 January 2007 Published 7 February 2007 Online at stacks.iop.org/Nano/18/115707 Abstract We have performed atomistic simulations on solid and hollow copper nanowires

Lin, Xi

411

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 23 (2012) 235604 (7pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/23/23/235604  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.1088/0957-4484/23/23/235604 Rapid microwave-assisted synthesis of hierarchical ZnO hollow spheres and their application in Cr form 25 April 2012 Published 17 May 2012 Online at stacks.iop.org/Nano/23/235604 Abstract A rapid one-pot synthesis of hierarchical ZnO hollow spheres consisting of nanoparticles was realized by a facile microwave

Qi, Limin

412

INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 15 (2004) S504S511 PII: S0957-4484(04)77586-8  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the industrial revolution at the milli-inch length scale and in the semiconductor revolution at the micrometre components. However, at the beginning of the first industrial revolution in the middle of the 18th century. cost, industrial mass production for the final phase of the sec- ond industrial revolution

413

INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 17 (2006) 54355440 doi:10.1088/0957-4484/17/21/025  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

consisting of a gold core, a tunable silica spacer layer and an outermost gold shell, which is approximately, nanoshells of small dimensions offer advantages in terms of delivery to target sites in living tissues

Ottino, Julio M.

414

INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 15 (2004) 16651670 PII: S0957-4484(04)85144-4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

was measured in situ by time-resolved laser-induced incandescence (TR-LII) and ex situ by rapid thermophoretic distribution and particle morphology was also examined by rapid thermophoretic particle sampling

Lorke, Axel

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 20 (2009) 365701 (11pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/20/36/365701  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.1088/0957-4484/20/36/365701 The role of interface thermal boundary resistance in the overall thermal conductivity of Si­Ge multilayered thermal boundary resistance (TBR), thermal conductivity in nanostructures can be controlled. Introduction Nanoscale engineered materials with tailored thermal prop- erties are desirable for applications

Tomar, Vikas

416

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 20 (2009) 255501 (5pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/20/25/255501  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that is unaffected by humidity is demonstrated. On functionalizing single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT) networks. By precisely functionalizing single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT) networks with camphorsulfonic gap) by depositing a 0.1 µl drop of SWNTs solu- tion over the gap using micro-syringe. After

417

INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 17 (2006) 56915695 doi:10.1088/0957-4484/17/22/026  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

639798 3 Department of Chemistry, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong, People's Republic the sublimation of solid C60 in the presence of open SWNTs causes the fullerenes to enter the SWNTs and self

Goddard III, William A.

418

INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 18 (2007) 065706 (5pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/18/6/065706  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

experimental data on graphite (equilibrium interlayer spacing, Z-axis compressibility, and the interlayer shear-mode frequency), tight-binding is extended to model the interlayer interactions of graphitic structures. (Some to be accounted for. CNTs are conformal mappings of a graphite layer onto the surface of a cylinder with nanometre

Dumitrica,Traian

419

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 23 (2012) 015301 (7pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/23/1/015301  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in colour only in the online journal) 1. Introduction Electric double-layer capacitors (EDLCs) are promising

Fisher, Frank

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 17 (2006) 34363441 doi:10.1088/0957-4484/17/14/015  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

C, Denmark 2 Laboratory of Physics, Helsinki University of Technology, PO Box 1100, 02015 HUT, Finland 3 Fachbereich Physik, Universit¨at Osnabr¨uck, Barbarastrasse 7, 49076 Osnabr¨uck, Germany 4 atomically resolved AFM images on a number of clean insulator surfaces [8­10]. One of the inherent

Kühnle, Angelika

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotechnology gc5 non-equilibrium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 19 (2008) 424015 (7pp) doi:10.1088/0957-4484/19/42/424015  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

conjugated polymers have the potential to meet the need for low-cost photovoltaic technology [1]. As a result.1088/0957-4484/19/42/424015 Evolution of the nanomorphology of photovoltaic polyfluorene blends: sub-100 nm resolution with x

422

Symposium: Micro & Nano Fluidics 2014 Nanotech 2014 (17th) Conference History  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NNI Signature Initiatives: Nanotechnology for Solar Energy Collection and Conversion | Sustainable Nanomanufacturing | Nanoelectronics for 2020 and Beyond | Nanotechnology for Sensors and Sensors for Nanotechnology Nanotechnology | Biosensing, Diagnostics & Imaging | Nanotechnology for Sensors and Sensors for Nanotechnology

Oh, Kwang W.

423

Thermal Trap for DNA Replication Christof B. Mast and Dieter Braun*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and simultaneously accumulates the replicated molecules in an efficient thermophoretic trap. The non- equilibrium

Kersting, Roland

424

Quantum dot nanoparticle conjugation, characterization, and applications in neuroscience  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and the Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology and areastrocytes in the Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology,astrocytes. Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology.

Pathak, Smita

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Indium Antimonide Nanowires: Synthesis, Characterization, and Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

M. Ozkan, Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 11 (M. Ozkan, Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 10 (C. S. Ozkan, Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 9 (

Penchev, Miroslav Valentinov

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Protein-Based Disk Recording for Aerial Densities Beyond 10 Tbit/in 2.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Protein Based Memory. J. Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (Inrecording media. J. Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (InProtein Based Memory. J. Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (In

Hudgins, Matthew Lamar

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Media Fabrication and Characterization Systems for Multilevel Three-Dimensional Magnetic Recording  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Soft Underlayer, J. Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 7 ,Soft Underlayer, J. Nanoscience and Nanotechnology , 7 , 1-technologies issue, J. Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 7 ,

Amos, Nissim

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Health Effects of Nanoparticles Nanotechnology research is producing remarkable advances for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, measures, and characterizes nanoparticles, including those with special bio-medical properties. For example time. #12;Yet another health application Zachariah examines is the effect of diesel soot on the environment. Diesel soot, a nanoparticle that appears to contribute significantly to global warming, contains

Hill, Wendell T.

429

Complex Dynamics of Real Nanosystems: Fundamental Paradigm for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Structure and dynamics of real nanosystems emerge from the unreduced solution of the underlying interaction problem. It has the property of dynamic multivaluedness giving genuine dynamic randomness and complexity (physics/9806002, physics/0405063). Chaoticity is irreducibly high in nanoscale systems and underlies exponentially high efficiency of their real, complex-dynamic operation (physics/0211071). Applications include real, dynamically chaotic quantum devices, nano-biotechnology, and genetics.

Andrei P. Kirilyuk

2004-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

430

nature nanotechnology | ADVANCE ONLINE PUBLICATION | www.nature.com/naturenanotechnology 1 news & views  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

hierarchical biomaterials by exploiting the self- assembling properties of amyloid fibrils, which are a class such as algae5 . The fibrils that were cast into thin films aligned and stacked in the plane of the film to form configuration (for example, as enzymes or hormones) and form fibres with a typical hydrogen-bonded cross- beta

Buehler, Markus J.

431

Tools for decoding the structure-function relationships of biopolymers in nanotechnology and glycobiology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, new tools have been developed for decoding structure-function relationships governing complex biopolymers that have emerged as key players in biology, biotechnology, and medicine. Specifically: (1.) The ...

Soundararajan, Venkataramanan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Synthesis and Optimization of Threshold Logic Networks with Application to Nanotechnologies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of nanoscale devices, research must be done at the logic level to fully harness the potential offered Zhang, Pallav Gupta, Lin Zhong, and Niraj K. Jha Department of Electrical Engineering Princeton

Zhong, Lin

433

Published in Technovation 33, 108 (2013) by Elsevier Nanotechnology for Electronics & Photonics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

energy (e.g., photovoltaic and fuel cells, light-emitting diodes, batteries), biotechnology and medicine to commercial products will require tough standards of reproducibility, reliability and safety. It is therefore

Yeh, Nai-Chang

434

University of California at Berkeley Shop Safety Policy Biomolecular Nanotechnology Center Machine Shop  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by the manufacturer and within the equipment's Nationally Recognized Testing Laboratory (NRTL) listing. All shop

Healy, Kevin Edward

435

Fuel and cladding nano-technologies based solutions for long life heat-pipe based reactors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A novel nuclear reactor concept, unifying the fuel pipe with fuel tube functionality has been developed. The structure is a quasi-spherical modular reactor, designed for a very long life. The reactor module unifies the fuel tube with the heat pipe and a graphite beryllium reflector. It also uses a micro-hetero-structure that allows the fission products to be removed in the heat pipe flow and deposited in a getter area in the cold zone of the heat pipe, but outside the neutron flux. The reactor operates as a breed and burn reactor - it contains the fuel pipe with a variable enrichment, starting from the hot-end of the pipe, meant to assure the initial criticality, and reactor start-up followed by area with depleted uranium or thorium that get enriched during the consumption of the first part of the enriched uranium. (authors)

Popa-Simil, L. [LAVM LLC, Los Alamos (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

When Less Liability May Mean More Precaution: The Case of Nanotechnology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Whether re- search is funded by companies or by the public,company does noth- ing-that is, invests in neither the pre-market, Period One re- search

Dana, David

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Signin Register Home Nanotechnology Physics Space & Earth Electronics Technology Chemistry Biology Medicine & Health Other Sciences  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by the oil and gas industry for remote detection with long deep sea pipelines. "This new technology could be dangerous to nearby oil rigs, shipping and for shore-based gas distribution facilities," comments Professor gas, acoustic signals, carbon emissions, gas extraction, oil rigs, seabed, gas Related Stories Plants

Sóbester, András

438

IBM NANOTECHNOLOGY CENTER Location: Campus of IBM Research -Zurich in Rschlikon, Switzerland  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; photonics; and simulation and theory. #12;SUSTAINABILITY IN THE USE OF NATURAL RESOURCES The new: · Photovoltaic power system · Geothermal heat exchange system · Heat recovery windows and cutting-edge HVAC, sand and earth which will provide a new habitat for a variety of native plants, lizards and insects

439

Int. J. Nanotechnology, Vol. 1, No. 4, 2004 379 Copyright 2004 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and characterisation of metamaterials. Mehmet Bayindir was born in Konya, Turkey, in 1975. He received his BS (1995

Bayindir, Mehmet

440

n his 1959 lecture on nanotechnology (though before the actual phrase was  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

over many millions of years to perform very diverse tasks: some motors shunt mate- rial around inside separate functioning parts whose collective properties ultimately transform energy from a chemical form power output is much higher in a mac- ro-motor than in a single biological one, the efficiency

Leake, Mark C.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotechnology gc5 non-equilibrium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Insights into Atherosclerosis Using Nanotechnology Ashwath Jayagopal & MacRae F. Linton & Sergio Fazio &  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

large quantities of lipid and become charac- teristic "foam cells." Macrophages can secrete cytokines with the inflammatory activation of endothelial cells and the accumulation of lipids within the subendothelial space [1]. Activation of endothelium and secretion of chemoattractants promotes the adherence and arrest of leukocytes

442

Nanotechnology Patents : The next technological revolution and the future of the patent system.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Experiences from ICT and biotechnology have shown that the current patent system has increasing difficulties with the numbers and complexity of patent applications. As a (more)

Helwegen, Wim

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Formation of a memristor matrix based on titanium oxide and investigation by probe-nanotechnology methods  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The results of investigation of a memristor-matrix model on the basis of titanium-oxide nanoscale structures (ONSs) fabricated by methods of focused ion beams and atomic-force microscopy (AFM) are presented. The effect of the intensity of interaction between the AFM probe and the sample surface on the memristor effect in the titanium ONS is shown. The memristor effect in the titanium ONS is investigated by an AFM in the mode of spreading-resistance map. The possibility of the recording and erasure of information in the submicron cells is shown on the basis of using the memristor effect in the titanium ONS, which is most promising for developing the technological processes of the formation of resistive operation memory cells.

Avilov, V. I.; Ageev, O. A.; Kolomiitsev, A. S.; Konoplev, B. G., E-mail: kbg@sfedu.ru; Smirnov, V. A.; Tsukanova, O. G. [Southern Federal University, Institute of Nanotechnologies, Electronics, and Electronic Equipment Engineering (Russian Federation)

2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

444

nature nanotechnology | VOL 5 | AUGUST 2010 | www.nature.com/naturenanotechnology 559 news & views  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

devices, and as flexible transparent conductors for macroelectronic devices such as solar cells, display, the size of copper foil that can be practically placed into the CVD furnace. In general, an optically and solar cells require transparent conductors with both high optical transmission and low electrical

Chen, Yong P.

445

Research Interests: Application of nanotechnology to create novel permanent magnets (spring magnets)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

; Superconductivity; Synchrotron-Radiation Instrumentation; Magnetism; (Neutron Scattering; Lattice Dynamics; Low

Kemner, Ken

446

Roberta Zobbi Policy officer Nanosciences and Nanotechnologies, materials and new production technologies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

production technologies 5. Energy 6. Environment (including climate change) 7. Transport (including aeronautics) 8. Socio-economic sciences and the humanities 9. Security and space + Euratom: Fusion energy. Hazard reduction in plant & storage Knowl-based, sust. proc., eco-innovation Public awareness, sust

De Cindio, Fiorella

447

Path creation in the making the case of nanotechnology DRUID 2005 Conference  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the basis for the next industrial revolution. The interest and funding going into this area globally. There is an ongoing global race to be in the lead in a possible coming industrial revolution, currently with the US and related industry. 1. Introduction This paper aims to investigate into the neglected dynamics of very early

448

nature nanotechnology | VOL 4 | JULY 2009 | www.nature.com/naturenanotechnology 401 research highlights  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are equally spaced. Although the electrons in graphene are also confined to two dimensions, they differ spacer and a head group that can be a fluorescent molecule, a drug or a peptide that binds to plaques

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

449

The Semantics of Jitter in Anticipating Time Itself within Nano-Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and dynamics where idealised concepts like mean solar time, International Atomic Time and Newton's dynamical when we are able to encapsulate all activity within one system. #12;FIGURE 1. The Correspondence

Wadler, Philip

450

238 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NANOTECHNOLOGY, VOL. 4, NO. 2, MARCH 2005 Structures and Electrical Properties  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in acetonitrile. (a), (b) SEM images. (c) TEM image of a nano "twist." [9]. Electrical properties of their thin.e., solution reaction in acetonitrile and vacuum vapor reaction method. The Ag­TCNQ nanowire de- vice plate into acetonitrile saturated with neutral TCNQ [9]. Micrometer-sized metal­TCNQ crystals had been

451

Micro- & Nano-Technologies Enabling More Compact, Lightweight Thermoelectric Power Generation & Cooling Systems  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Advanced thermoelectric energy recovery and cooling system weight and volume improvements with low-cost microtechnology heat and mass transfer devices are presented

452

NEWS & VIEWS 708 nature nanotechnology | VOL 3 | DECEMBER 2008 | www.nature.com/naturenanotechnology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.nature.com/naturenanotechnology Daniel E. Resasco is in the School of Chemical, Biological and Materials Engineering, University path by precise modification of the active site. Su and co-workers examine the oxidative are industrially important chemicals that are used to make items such as rubbers and plastics. Unfortunately

Resasco, Daniel

453

December 3, 2003: Bush signs Nanotechnology R&D Act | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomentheATLANTA, GA - U.S. DepartmenttoJune 16,AprilFrankDavis-Bacon3, 2003: Bush signs

454

A Nanotechnology-Based, Self-Healing, Chromate-Free Conversion Coating For  

Office of Science (SC) Website

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched5 Industrial CarbonArticles News News Homeuniversity-research/ TheWeb0 News3Magnesium

455

Nanotechnology and algae biofuels exhibits open July 26 at the Bradbury  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recoveryLaboratory | NationalJohn F.

456

ENERGETIC SYSTEMS AND NANOTECHNOLOGY -A LOOK AHEAD Robert Kavetsky*, Davinder Anand  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the development time for new systems, including those with energetic materials, to be deployed into the fleet. 1-looking vision for the application of new and advanced energetic materials for Naval applications. The Navy has. In the 1990s, 12 new energetic materials developed by the Navy were transitioned into 43 weapons systems

Maryland at College Park, University of

457

Savage et al. (eds.), Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water, 561582, 2009 William Andrew Inc.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of air and water to improved devices for cleaner energy production. However, the advantages and employment of a wide range of materials, chemicals, and equipment. Such improvements can be direct, for example, removal or transformation of one or more contaminants from air, land, or water, or indirect

Illinois at Chicago, University of

458

Research Institute of Micro/Nanometer Science & Technology Multiple Openings : Chemistry, Materials Science, Nanotechnology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Research Institute of Micro/Nanometer Science & Technology Multiple Openings : Chemistry, Materials and spacious clean room laboratories for nanofabrication of devices. Interested candidates are urged to submit. of Micro/Nanometer Sci. & Technology 800 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai, China 200240 e-mail:

Alpay, S. Pamir

459

SCIENCE ON SATURDAY- "Light and Nanotechnology- Engineering & So Much More"  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassive Solar HomePromisingStoriesSANDIA REPORT SAND 2011-39584.SCTour" ||

460

In the OSTI Collections: Nanotechnology | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickrinformation for planningto Fuel CellsEnergy, OfficeScientificof

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotechnology gc5 non-equilibrium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

DOE Science Showcase - Nanotechnology | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series to UserProduct: CrudeOffice of Scientific and

462

Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies (CINT) | U.S. DOE Office of Science  

Office of Science (SC) Website

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched5 IndustrialIsadore Perlman,Bios High Energy PhysicsU.S. DOE Office of

463

Nanotechnology Energizing Our Future | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched5 IndustrialIsadore Perlman,Bios HighRadiobiology: LowNSAC MembersScience

464

National Nanotechnology Initiative's Signature Initiative Sustainable Nanomanufacturing: Creating the Industries of the Future  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L d F S i DOETowardExecutive Summary In0| DepartmentEnergy Labs

465

NATURE NANOTECHNOLOGY | VOL 6 | AUGUST 2011 | www.nature.com/naturenanotechnology 465 news & views  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, T., Hsu, A. & Wang, H. IEEE Commun. Mag. 48, 122­128 (June 2010). 4. Lin, Y-M. et al. Science 332. IEEE International Microwave Symposium (Baltimore, 5­10 June 2011). 11. Xia, F., Mueller, T., Lin, Y-M., Valdes-Garcia, A. & Avouris, P. Nature Nanotech. 4, 839­843 (2009). 12.

Bruck, Jehoshua (Shuki)

466

Nonequilibrium quantum kinetics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper contains viewgraphs on non-equilibrium quantum kinetics of nuclear reactions at the intermediate and high energy ranges.

Danielewicz, P.

1997-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

467

E-Print Network 3.0 - accurate chemical equilibrium Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Green's function Continuum Non- Equilibrium ... Source: Walker, D. Greg - Department of Mechanical Engineering, Vanderbilt University Collection: Engineering 72 Experimental...

468

Submitted to the Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 2001. Effects of Nanometer Thick Passivation Layers on the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for the passivated specimens. The residual stress state was found to be significantly larger with passivation the greatest effect on the residual stress state with smaller widths having larger residual stress and other diffusion driven processes.7 CMOS structures are fabricated by depositing the thin film materials

Espinosa, Horacio D.

469

Document: P1312 Category: Nanotechnology, Physical Science Applications License Status: Available for licensing Texas Industry Cluster: Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: Available for licensing Texas Industry Cluster: Energy Scalable methods of producing three-dimensional nanocomposites for energy, semiconductor, and advanced manufacturing applications Problem Currently, the production of nanoparticles and nanostructured films is difficult, because nanoparticles are hard to produce

Lightsey, Glenn

470

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NANOTECHNOLOGY, VOL. 7, NO. 3, MAY 2008 355 Motion Detection by Quantum-Dots-Based  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, they require a compact area and low power consumption. The VTF can be combined with pattern recogniz- ers sufficient area compactness, low power consumption, and/or speed [3], [4]. These problems can be at- tributed is a major computational task in real-time vision circuits and artificial retinas that require energy

Mazumder, Pinaki

471

182 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NANOTECHNOLOGY, VOL. 12, NO. 2, MARCH 2013 Monitoring the Environmental Impact of TiO2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the potential environmental impact of these nanoparticles. The goal of this research was to de- velop a plant-based sensor network for characterizing, monitoring, and understanding the environmental impact of TiO2 impact of nanomaterials. Index Terms--Biosystems, environmental monitoring, nanobio- science

Parker, Lynne E.

472

Nanotechnology Alert. Nanofountain for Treatment of Cancer; Nanocomposites To Improve Computers' Life Span; Lithium Sulfur Batteries Using Nanocarbon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

' Life Span; Lithium Sulfur Batteries Using Nanocarbon Electrodes This issue profiles a nanofountain, and lithium sulfur batteries that use nanocarbon electrodes. Deliverable Type: Technical Insights Date OF CANCER 3. NANOCOMPOSITES TO IMPROVE COMPUTERS LIFE SPAN 4. LITHIUM SULFUR BATTERIES USING NANOCARBON

Espinosa, Horacio D.

473

SCIENTIFIC REPORT 2001-2003 NEST, the National Enterprise for nanoScience and nanoTechnology, was established  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nazionale delle Ricerche, Fondazione Monte dei Paschi, Fondazione Cassa di Risparmio di Pisa, Istituto Silvia Agostini Aji Anappara Akhileswaran Mohamed Alshourbagy Reza Bakhtiari Francesco Banfi Stefano Ferrari Antonio Fittipaldi Rüdeger Köhler Teodoro Laino Stefano Luin Riccardo Nifosì Luigi Palatella

Abbondandolo, Alberto

474

Life Cycle Energy and Climate Change Implication of Nanotechnologies: A Critical Review Hyung Chul Kim and Vasilis Fthenakis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-to-gate energy demand per functional unit, and thus higher global warming impact than their conventional-tubes and fullerenes require 1-900 giga joule per kilogram (GJ/kg) of primary energy to produce, compared with ~200. Most reviewed studies ascertain, however, that the cradle-to-grave energy demand and global warming

475

Nanoscience Research for Energy Needs. Report of the National Nanotechnology Initiative Grand Challenge Workshop, March 16-18, 2004  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document is the report of a workshop held under NSET auspices in March 2004 aimed at identifying and articulating the relationship of nanoscale science and technology to the Nation's energy future.

Alivisatos, P.; Cummings, P.; De Yoreo, J.; Fichthorn, K.; Gates, B.; Hwang, R.; Lowndes, D.; Majumdar, A.; Makowski, L.; Michalske, T.; Misewich, J.; Murray, C.; Sibener, S.; Teague, C.; Williams, E.

2004-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

476

NATURE BIOTECHNOLOGY VOL 18 OCTOBER 2000 http://biotech.nature.com 1091 The continuing interest in nanotechnology has recently been  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the docking problem. Detection at the single-molecule level enables stochastic sensing, permitting both molecular adapters have been used as stochastic sensor elements to monitor individual metal ions9 and small by SDSPAGE performed after heat- ing the sam

Movileanu, Liviu

477

8th International Symposium on Laser Metrology Macro-, micro-, and nano-technologies applied in science, engineering, and industry.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.C., Departamento de Ciencias de la Computación, Apdo 402, 36000, Guanajuato, Gto. México, mrivera@cio.mx ABSTRACT with those characteristics. The method is initially introduced as a phase refinement process for computed

Rivera, Mariano

478

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NANOTECHNOLOGY, VOL. 5, NO. 3, MAY 2006 291 Resonant Light Transmission Through a Nanohole  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and periodically arranged rect- Manuscript received August 8, 2005; revised November 9, 2005. This work are with the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC V8W306, Canada (e-mail: rgordon@uvic.ca). A. G. Brolo is with the Department of Chemistry, University of Victoria, Vic- toria, V8W

Brolo, Alexandre G.

479

Nanotechnology through the Lenses of Science Fiction Case Study of the Manga Ganmu (Battle Angel Alita) by Kishiro Yukito.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

work at the nanoscale. Nanophilic perspectives range from the next industrial revolution to a quasi as Drexler's "nano robots" are yet to appear and the industrial "nano revolution" has not happened

Boyer, Edmond

480

Nanotechnology through the Lenses of Science-Fiction Case Study of a Manga: Ganmu (Battle Angel Alita) by Kishiro Yukito.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

work at the nano scale. Nanophilic perspectives range from the next industrial revolution to a quasi as Drexler's "nano robots" are yet to appear and the industrial "nano revolution" has not happened

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanotechnology gc5 non-equilibrium" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

226 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NANOTECHNOLOGY, VOL. 1, NO. 4, DECEMBER 2002 A Practical SPICE Model Based on the Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a single-electron inverter obtained from the SPICE simulation was within 15%. This new SPICE model can architectures. Index Terms--MOSFET, realistic single-electron transistor, single-electron inverter, SPICE model. I. INTRODUCTION MOTIVATED by the merits of density, power, and func- tionality, various structures

Lee, Jong Duk

482

4 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NANOTECHNOLOGY, VOL. 8, NO. 1, JANUARY 2009 Threshold Voltage and OnOff Ratio Tuning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in both inverter fanout-of-4 (FO4) delay (4.7?) and energy per cycle (2.6?) [5]. Multiple-tube CNFETs also enable new methods for tuning the device characteristics previously impossible with single-tube CNFETs performance and reduced power dissipation. Similarly, a poor ION/IOFF can cause slow output transitions

Zhou, Chongwu

483

668 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NANOTECHNOLOGY, VOL. 7, NO. 6, NOVEMBER 2008 Chemical Sensors and Electronic Noses Based  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Electronic Noses Based on 1-D Metal Oxide Nanostructures Po-Chiang Chen, Guozhen Shen, and Chongwu Zhou warfare agents is important to human health and safety. Thus, the development of chemical sensors- trial gases, chemical warfare agents, and human breath. In this review, we provide an overview

Zhou, Chongwu

484

Nanotechnology 10 (1999) 221223. Printed in the UK PII: S0957-4484(99)99981-6 Fabrication of stable metallic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

motor, or a piezoelectric transducer. A nanowire fabricated by the mechanical method cannot be Author the gap between the STM tip and the metal surface drifts due to thermal expansion, acoustic noise and mechanical vibrations, which is also undesirable for practical applications. This paper describes a simple

Zhang, Yanchao

485

A Rubric for Post-Secondary Degree Programs in Nanoscience and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Rubric for Post-Secondary Degree Programs in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology* SUPAPORN WANSOM,1 balance are discussed. Keywords: Nanoscience; nanotechnology; curriculum design; degree programs; course design INTRODUCTION NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY have important precedents in both the decorative arts

Bodner, George M.

486

E-Print Network 3.0 - aminocarboxypropyl transfer reaction Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

non-equilibrium gas-phase chemical reactions... the high-temperature conditions of hypersonic reentry (10,000 degrees). Atmospheric chemical reactions... during hypersonic...

487

Mismatched semiconductor nanowires: growth and characterization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

sporting equipment use Nanoscience to improve performance.Huo, et al. , Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 6,Nanotechnology and nanoscience are predicated on the idea

Yim, Joanne Wing Lan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

E-Print Network 3.0 - antimony 113 Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sample search results for: antimony 113 Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 20 (2009) 264003 (7pp) doi:10.10880957-44842026264003 Summary:...

489

E-Print Network 3.0 - acid nanofiber mesh Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

search results for: acid nanofiber mesh Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 19 (2008) 085605 (9pp) doi:10.10880957-4484198085605 Summary:...

490

E-Print Network 3.0 - aptamer-immobilized interdigitated array...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Institute of Science and Technology Collection: Chemistry 3 IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 20 (2009) 235501 (6pp) doi:10.10880957-44842023235501 Summary:...

491

E-Print Network 3.0 - activity predicts alcohol Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

can start as low as blood alcohol levels ... Source: Kaminsky, Werner - Center for Nanotechnology and NanoTechnology & Department of Chemistry, University of Washington at Seattle...

492

E-Print Network 3.0 - antibodies targeting epitopes Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Elicitation of structure-specific ... Source: Baker, David - Center for Nanotechnology and NanoTechnology & Department of Biochemistry, University of Washington at...

493

E-Print Network 3.0 - antimony oxide ionic Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

results for: antimony oxide ionic Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 IOP PUBLISHING NANOTECHNOLOGY Nanotechnology 20 (2009) 264003 (7pp) doi:10.10880957-44842026264003 Summary:...

494

E-Print Network 3.0 - american indian women Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Americans African Americans American ... Source: Kaminsky, Werner - Center for Nanotechnology and NanoTechnology & Department of Chemistry, University of Washington at Seattle...

495

E-Print Network 3.0 - american indian children Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of its kind in the Pacific Northwest. ... Source: Kaminsky, Werner - Center for Nanotechnology and NanoTechnology & Department of Chemistry, University of Washington at Seattle...

496

E-Print Network 3.0 - american indian tribes Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

or community attachment. AMERICAN ... Source: Kaminsky, Werner - Center for Nanotechnology and NanoTechnology & Department of Chemistry, University of Washington at Seattle...

497

E-Print Network 3.0 - antibody responses elicited Sample Search...  

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29, 2010 (received for review April 8, 2010) ... Source: Baker, David - Center for Nanotechnology and NanoTechnology & Department of Biochemistry, University of Washington at...

498

E-Print Network 3.0 - ainhum Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Washington Bulletin Time Schedule Summary: Source: Kaminsky, Werner - Center for Nanotechnology and NanoTechnology & Department of Chemistry, University of Washington at Seattle...

499

E-Print Network 3.0 - american indians Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

or community attachment. AMERICAN ... Source: Kaminsky, Werner - Center for Nanotechnology and NanoTechnology & Department of Chemistry, University of Washington at Seattle...

500

E-Print Network 3.0 - automated nmr assignments Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

struc- tures'). We just completed the ... Source: Baker, David - Center for Nanotechnology and NanoTechnology & Department of Biochemistry, University of Washington at...