Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanostructured materials 3d" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

3D Nanostructured Bicontinuous Electrodes: Path to Ultra-High ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

3D Nanostructured Bicontinuous Electrodes: Path to Ultra-High Power and Energy ... High Energy Density Lithium Capacitors Using Carbon-Carbon Electrodes.

2

3D Materials Science 2014: Home Page  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

2nd International Congress on 3D Materials Science 2014. June 29 – July 2, 2014 • Annecy, France. The International Congress on 3D Materials Science seeks ...

3

Optical Methods for 3-D Nanostructure Metrology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... help enable the cost-effective mass-production of nanotechnology ... focused on patterned semiconductor defect metrology, energy-related materials ...

2013-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

4

Nanostructured 3-D Architectures | Argonne National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

materials can be achieved by capitalizing on the hierarchical design of 3-dimensional nano-lattices. Such structural metamaterials exhibit superior thermomechanical properties at...

5

3D Materials Science 2014: Home Page  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The International Congress on 3D Materials Science seeks to provide the ... assess the state-of-the-art within the various elements of 3D materials science, but to ...

6

Kinetics Control towards ZnO 3D Nanostructure - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Approaching Multimaterial 3D Nanostructured Gas Phase Nanoxerographic Printers · Carbon Nanotube Coatings Laser Power and Energy Measurements.

7

3D Materials Science 2012: Technical Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

3D Materials Science 2012: Technical Program July 8-12, 2012 • Seven Springs Mountain Resort • Seven Springs, Pennsylvania. View Session Sheets.

8

Nanostructured composite reinforced material  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A family of materials wherein nanostructures and/or nanotubes are incorporated into a multi-component material arrangement, such as a metallic or ceramic alloy or composite/aggregate, producing a new material or metallic/ceramic alloy. The new material has significantly increased strength, up to several thousands of times normal and perhaps substantially more, as well as significantly decreased weight. The new materials may be manufactured into a component where the nanostructure or nanostructure reinforcement is incorporated into the bulk and/or matrix material, or as a coating where the nanostructure or nanostructure reinforcement is incorporated into the coating or surface of a "normal" substrate material. The nanostructures are incorporated into the material structure either randomly or aligned, within grains, or along or across grain boundaries.

Seals, Roland D. (Oak Ridge, TN); Ripley, Edward B. (Knoxville, TN); Ludtka, Gerard M. (Oak Ridge, TN)

2012-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

9

Nanostructured Materials for Advanced  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of electric vehicles (EVs) and hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs). High energy and high power densitiesT Nanostructured Materials for Advanced Li-Ion Rechargeable Batteries THE RECENT INCREASE IN demand

Cao, Guozhong

10

3D Materials Science 2014: Technical Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Experimental techniques for 3D data acquisition; Advances in reconstruction algorithms; Image processing and digital representation of 2D and 3D ...

11

Nanostructured materials for hydrogen storage  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for hydrogen storage comprising a porous nano-structured material with hydrogen absorbed on the surfaces of the porous nano-structured material. The system of hydrogen storage comprises absorbing hydrogen on the surfaces of a porous nano-structured semiconductor material.

Williamson, Andrew J. (Pleasanton, CA); Reboredo, Fernando A. (Pleasanton, CA)

2007-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

12

3D Materials Science 2012: Housing and Travel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

International Conference on 3D Materials Science 2012. July 8-12, 2012 • Seven Springs Mountain Resort • Seven Springs, Pennsylvania. Download Exhibits ...

13

3D Materials Science 2014: Housing and Travel - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

2nd International Congress on 3D Materials Science 2014. June 29 – July 2, 2014 • Annecy, France. CONGRESS LOCATION. Near Geneva, L'Impérial Palace ...

14

3D Materials Science 2014: Meeting Registration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Administrative & Policy Manual. Scroll up. Scroll down. Technical Divisions Home · TMS Committees Home · Electronic, Magnetic & Photonic Materials ...

15

Future Directions in 3D Materials Science  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 12, 2012 ... The success of computational materials design in the 1990s established a basis for the DARPA-AIM initiative of the 2000s which broadened ...

16

Predicting the Electronic Properties of 3D, Million-atom Semiconductor nanostructure Architectures  

SciTech Connect

This final report describes the work done by Jack Dongarra (University Distinguished Professor) and Stanimire Tomov (Research Scientist) related to the DOE project entitled Predicting the Electronic Properties of 3D, Million-Atom Semiconductor Nanostructure Architectures. In this project we addressed the mathematical methodology required to calculate the electronic and transport properties of large nanostructures with comparable accuracy and reliability to that of current ab initio methods. This capability is critical for further developing the field, yet it is missing in all the existing computational methods. Additionally, quantitative comparisons with experiments are often needed for a qualitative understanding of the physics, and for guiding the design of new nanostructures. We focused on the mathematical challenges of the project, in particular on solvers and preconditioners for large scale eigenvalue problems that occur in the computation of electronic states of large nanosystems. Usually, the states of interest lie in the interior of the spectrum and their computation poses great difficulties for existing algorithms. The electronic properties of a semiconductor nanostructure architecture can be predicted/determined by computing its band structure. Of particular importance are the 'band edge states' (electronic states near the energy gap) which can be computed from a properly defined interior eigenvalue problem. Our primary mathematics and computational challenge here has been to develop an efficient solution methodology for finding these interior states for very large systems. Our work has produced excellent results in terms of developing both new and extending current state-of-the-art techniques.

Jack Dongarra; Stanimire Tomov

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

17

Preparation of Nanostructured Materials Having Improved Ductility  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Preparation of Nanostructured Materials Having Improved Ductility Preparation of Nanostructured Materials Having Improved Ductility Preparation of Nanostructured Materials Having Improved Ductility A method for preparing a nanostructured aluminum alloy involves heating an aluminum alloy workpiece at temperature sufficient to produce a single phase coarse grained aluminum alloy. June 20, 2013 Preparation of Nanostructured Materials Having Improved Ductility A method for preparing a nanostructured aluminum alloy involves heating an aluminum alloy workpiece at temperature sufficient to produce a single phase coarse grained aluminum alloy. Available for thumbnail of Feynman Center for Innovation (505) 665-9090 Email Preparation of Nanostructured Materials Having Improved Ductility A method for preparing a nanostructured aluminum alloy involves heating an

18

Method of fabrication of anchored nanostructure materials  

SciTech Connect

Methods for fabricating anchored nanostructure materials are described. The methods include heating a nano-catalyst under a protective atmosphere to a temperature ranging from about 450.degree. C. to about 1500.degree. C. and contacting the heated nano-catalysts with an organic vapor to affix carbon nanostructures to the nano-catalysts and form the anchored nanostructure material.

Seals, Roland D; Menchhofer, Paul A; Howe, Jane Y; Wang, Wei

2013-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

19

Anchored nanostructure materials and method of fabrication  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Anchored nanostructure materials and methods for their fabrication are described. The anchored nanostructure materials may utilize nano-catalysts that include powder-based or solid-based support materials. The support material may comprise metal, such as NiAl, ceramic, a cermet, or silicon or other metalloid. Typically, nanoparticles are disposed adjacent a surface of the support material. Nanostructures may be formed as anchored to nanoparticles that are adjacent the surface of the support material by heating the nano-catalysts and then exposing the nano-catalysts to an organic vapor. The nanostructures are typically single wall or multi-wall carbon nanotubes.

Seals, Roland D; Menchhofer, Paul A; Howe, Jane Y; Wang, Wei

2012-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

20

3D deformation field throughout the interior of materials.  

SciTech Connect

This report contains the one-year feasibility study for our three-year LDRD proposal that is aimed to develop an experimental technique to measure the 3D deformation fields inside a material body. In this feasibility study, we first apply Digital Volume Correlation (DVC) algorithm to pre-existing in-situ Xray Computed Tomography (XCT) image sets with pure rigid body translation. The calculated displacement field has very large random errors and low precision that are unacceptable. Then we enhance these tomography images by setting threshold of the intensity of each slice. DVC algorithm is able to obtain accurate deformation fields from these enhanced image sets and the deformation fields are consistent with the global mechanical loading that is applied to the specimen. Through this study, we prove that the internal markers inside the pre-existing tomography images of aluminum alloy can be enhanced and are suitable for DVC to calculate the deformation field throughout the material body.

Jin, Huiqing; Lu, Wei-Yang

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanostructured materials 3d" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

The Important Role of Nanostructure in Material and Electrode ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

3D Nanostructured Bicontinuous Electrodes: Path to Ultra-High Power and Energy ... High Energy Density Lithium Capacitors Using Carbon-Carbon Electrodes.

22

Nanostructured Materials for Lithium Ion Batteries and for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

3D Nanostructured Bicontinuous Electrodes: Path to Ultra-High Power and Energy ... The Electrochemical Flow Capacitor for Efficient Grid-Scale Energy Storage.

23

Crashworthiness analysis using advanced material models in DYNA3D  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

As part of an electric vehicle consortium, LLNL and Kaiser Aluminum are conducting experimental and numerical studies on crashworthy aluminum spaceframe designs. They have jointly explored the effect of heat treat on crush behavior and duplicated the experimental behavior with finite-element simulations. The major technical contributions to the state of the art in numerical simulation arise from the development and use of advanced material model descriptions for LLNL`s DYNA3D code. Constitutive model enhancements in both flow and failure have been employed for conventional materials such as low-carbon steels, and also for lighter weight materials such as aluminum and fiber composites being considered for future vehicles. The constitutive model enhancements are developed as extensions from LLNL`s work in anisotropic flow and multiaxial failure modeling. Analysis quality as a function of level of simplification of material behavior and mesh is explored, as well as the penalty in computation cost that must be paid for using more complex models and meshes. The lightweight material modeling technology is being used at the vehicle component level to explore the safety implications of small neighborhood electric vehicles manufactured almost exclusively from these materials.

Logan, R.W.; Burger, M.J.; McMichael, L.D. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Parkinson, R.D. [Kaiser Aluminum & Chemical Corp., Pleasanton, CA (United States). Center for Technology

1993-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

24

Nanostructured Materials: Symthesis in Supercritical Fluids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This chapter summarizes the recent developent of synthesis and characterization of nanostructured materials synthesized in supercritical fluids. Nanocomposite catalysts such as Pt and Pd on carbon nanotube support have been synthesized and used for fuel cell applications.

Lin, Yuehe; Ye, Xiangrong; Wai, Chien M.

2009-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

25

Design and fabrication of a modular multi-material 3D printer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents 3DP-0, a modular, multi-material 3D printer. Currently, 3D printers available on the market are typically expensive and difficult to develop. In addition, the simultaneous use of multiple materials in ...

Lan, Justin (Justin T.)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Chemical Transformations of Nanostructured Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2013. Symposium, Solution-based Processing for Ceramic Materials. Presentation Title, Chemical ...

27

Nanostructured Multi-Phase Titanium Based Materials Consolidated ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Nanostructured multi-phase titanium based materials were produced by severe ... Electrolytic Infiltration of Laser Sintered Porous Preforms.

28

Characterizing Energy Materials in 3-D Using STEM Tomography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... for various acquisition geometries, and the power of the technique demonstrated with applications to energy storage materials and Fischer-Tropsch catalysts.

29

Nanostructured Cobalt Ferrites, Multifunctional Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... perspective of combining many functionalities in future generations of remote switchable ... Graphene-like 2D-layered Materials for Nanoelectronics & Sensing

30

Thermal Energy Transport in Nanostructured Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thermal Energy Transport in Nanostructured Materials Thermal Energy Transport in Nanostructured Materials Speaker(s): Ravi Prasher Date: August 25, 2008 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Ashok Gadgil World energy demand is expected to reach ~30 TW by 2050 from the current demand of ~13 TW. This requires substantial technological innovation. Thermal energy transport and conversion play a very significant role in more than 90% of energy technologies. All four modes of thermal energy transport, conduction, convection, radiation, and phase change (e.g. evaporation/boiling) are important in various energy technologies such as vapor compression power plants, refrigeration, internal combustion engines and building heating/cooling. Similarly thermal transport play a critical role in electronics cooling as the performance and reliability of

31

Nanostructure material for supercapacitor application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Transition metal nitrides and carbonitride materials were fabricated via sol-gel technology. The transition metal amides were synthesized by two methods: chemical route and electrolysis. The transition metal amides were then further polymerized, sintering to high temperature in an inert or reduced atmosphere. Transition metal nitrides and carbonitrides powders with surface area up to 160 m{sup 2}/g were obtained. The resultant electrode material showed high specific capacitance as crystalline ruthenium oxide.

Huang, Y.; Chu, C.T.; Wei, Q.; Zheng, H.

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Analysis of Intracellular State Based on Controlled 3D Nanostructures Mediated Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Near-infrared surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) is a powerful technique for analyzing the chemical composition within a single living cell at unprecedented resolution. However, current SERS methods employing uncontrollable colloidal metal particles or non-uniformly distributed metal particles on a substrate as SERS-active sites show relatively low reliability and reproducibility. Here, we report a highly-ordered SERS-active surface that is provided by a gold nano-dots array based on thermal evaporation of gold onto an ITO surface through a nanoporous alumina mask. This new combined technique showed a broader distribution of hot spots and a higher signal-to-noise ratio than current SERS techniques due to the highly reproducible and uniform geometrical structures over a large area. This SERS-active surface was applied as cell culture system to study living cells in situ within their culture environment without any external preparation processes. We applied this newly developed method to cell-based research to differentiate cell lines, cells at different cell cycle stages, and live/dead cells. The enhanced Raman signals achieved from each cell, which represent the changes in biochemical compositions, enabled differentiation of each state and the conditions of the cells. This SERS technique employing a tightly controlled nanostructure array can potentially be applied to single cell analysis, early cancer diagnosis and cell physiology research.

Waleed Ahmed El-said; Tae-hyung Kim; Hyuncheol Kim; Jeong-woo Choi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Morphology Engineering of 1D, 2D and 3D TiO2 Nanostructures and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Design of Light Weight Structure for Wind Turbine Tower by Using Nano- Materials · Development of Highly Active Titania-Based Nanoparticles for Composite ...

34

Aerogel Derived Nanostructured Thermoelectric Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

America’s dependence on foreign sources for fuel represents a economic and security threat for the country. These non renewable resources are depleting, and the effects of pollutants from fuels such as oil are reaching a problematic that affects the global community. Solar concentration power (SCP) production systems offer the opportunity to harness one of the United States’ most under utilized natural resources; sunlight. While commercialization of this technology is increasing, in order to become a significant source of electricity production in the United States the costs of deploying and operating SCP plants must be further reduced. Parabolic Trough SCP technologies are close to meeting energy production cost levels that would raise interest in the technology and help accelerate its adoption as a method to produce a significant portion of the Country’s electric power needs. During this program, Aspen Aerogels will develop a transparent aerogel insulation that can replace the costly vacuum insulation systems that are currently used in parabolic trough designs. During the Phase I program, Aspen Aerogels will optimize the optical and thermal properties of aerogel to meet the needs of this application. These properties will be tested, and the results will be used to model the performance of a parabolic trough HCE system which uses this novel material in place of vacuum. During the Phase II program, Aspen Aerogels will scale up this technology. Together with industry partners, Aspen Aerogels will build and test a prototype Heat Collection Element that is insulated with the novel transparent aerogel material. This new device will find use in parabolic trough SCP applications.

Wendell E Rhine, PI; Dong, Wenting; Greg Caggiano, PM

2010-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

35

3D/4D/5D visualization of material at nano-scale using Transmission...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3D4D5D visualization of material at nano-scale using Transmission X-ray Microscopy Wednesday, May 22, 2013 - 3:00pm SLAC, Redtail Hawk Conference Room 108A Yijin Liu, SSRL The...

36

How use nanostructured materials effectively in rechargeable lithium ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, How use nanostructured materials effectively in rechargeable lithium/sulfur battery. Author(s), Sheng Shui Zhang. On-Site Speaker (Planned) ...

37

Nanostructured Materials for Lithium Ion Batteries and for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 6, 2013 ... Nanostructured Materials for Lithium Ion Batteries and for ... to control capacity loss and enhance energy efficiency of lithium-ion batteries.

38

Synthesis of Nanostructured Materials Using Template-Assisted ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... and energy storage.3,4 These nanostructured materials can be synthesized by a number of techniques, such as inert gas condensation, plasma processing, ...

39

Energy Challenge and Functional Design of Nanostructured Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy Challenge and Functional Design of Nanostructured Materials ... Optimization of VO2 Metal-to-insulator Transition Properties for THz Applications.

40

Final Technical Progress Report NANOSTRUCTURED MAGNETIC MATERIALS  

SciTech Connect

This report describes progress made during the final phase of our DOE-funded program on Nanostructured Magnetic Materials. This period was quite productive, resulting in the submission of three papers and presentation of three talks at international conferences and three seminars at research institutions. Our DOE-funded research efforts were directed toward studies of magnetism at surfaces and interfaces in high-quality, well-characterized materials prepared by Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE) and sputtering. We have an exceptionally well-equipped laboratory for these studies, with: Thin film preparation equipment; Characterization equipment; Equipment to study magnetic properties of surfaces and ultra-thin magnetic films and interfaces in multi-layers and superlattices.

Charles M. Falco

2012-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanostructured materials 3d" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Rheological and morphological characterization of hierarchically nanostructured materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hierarchically nanostructured materials exhibit order on multiple length scales, with at least one of a few nanometers. The expected enhancements for applications using these materials include improved mechanical, thermal ...

Wang, Benjamin Ning-Haw

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Surfaces and Interfaces in Nanostructured Materials II  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nano-Structured Metals and Oxides. N-Implantation ... Nano-Scale Coatings for Surface Modification of Carbon Structures...........................................89. P.P. Joshi ...

43

Nanostructured Materials for Energy Generation and Storage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Electrochemical Energy Storage Nanostructured Electrodesof Electrode Design for Energy Storage and Generation .batteries and their energy storage efficiency. vii Contents

Khan, Javed Miller

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

PROPERTIES AND NANOSTRUCTURES OF MATERIALS PROCESSED BY SPD TECHNIQUES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Metallic materials usually exhibit higher strength but lower ductility after being plastically deformed by conventional techniques such as rolling, drawing and extrusion. In contrast, nanostructured metals and alloys processed by severe plastic deformation (SPD) have demonstrated both high strength and high ductility. This extraordinary mechanical behavior is attributed to the unique nanostructures generated by SPD processing. It demonstrates the possibility of tailoring the microstructures of metals and alloys by SPD to obtain superior mechanical properties. The SPD-generated nanostructures have many features related to deformation, including high dislocation densities, and high- and low-angle grain boundaries in equilibrium or non-equilibrium states. This paper reviews the mechanical properties and the defect structures of SPD-processed nanostructured materials. Keywords: strength, ductility, nanostructures, SPD, non-equilibrium grain boundary

Liao, Xiaoshan; Huang, J. (Jianyu); Zhu, Y. T. (Yuntian Theodore)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

A 3D Porous Architecture of Si/graphene Nanocomposite as High-performance Anode Materials for Li-ion Batteries  

SciTech Connect

A 3D porous architecture of Si/graphene nanocomposite has been rationally designed and constructed through a series of controlled chemical processes. In contrast to random mixture of Si nanoparticles and graphene nanosheets, the porous nanoarchitectured composite has superior electrochemical stability because the Si nanoparticles are firmly riveted on the graphene nanosheets through a thin SiO{sub x} layer. The 3D graphene network enhances electrical conductivity, and improves rate performance, demonstrating a superior rate capability over the 2D nanostructure. This 3D porous architecture can deliver a reversible capacity of {approx}900 mA h g{sup -1} with very little fading when the charge rates change from 100 mA g{sup -1} to 1 A g{sup -1}. Furthermore, the 3D nanoarchitechture of Si/graphene can be cycled at extremely high Li{sup +} extraction rates, such as 5 A g{sup -1} and 10 A g{sup -1}, for over than 100 times. Both the highly conductive graphene network and porous architecture are considered to contribute to the remarkable rate capability and cycling stability, thereby pointing to a new synthesis route to improving the electrochemical performances of the Si-based anode materials for advanced Li-ion batteries.

Xin X.; Zhu Y.; Zhou, X.; Wang, F.; Yao, X.; Xu, X.; Liu, Z.

2012-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

46

Nanostructured 3.9 V Triplite Cathode Materials for Li-Ion Batteries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Microstructural Evolution of SnS Thin Films Grown by Electrodeposition · Morphology Engineering of 1D, 2D and 3D TiO2 Nanostructures and Their Application ...

47

Potential applications of nanostructured materials in nuclear waste management.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report summarizes the results obtained from a Laboratory Directed Research & Development (LDRD) project entitled 'Investigation of Potential Applications of Self-Assembled Nanostructured Materials in Nuclear Waste Management'. The objectives of this project are to (1) provide a mechanistic understanding of the control of nanometer-scale structures on the ion sorption capability of materials and (2) develop appropriate engineering approaches to improving material properties based on such an understanding.

Braterman, Paul S. (The University of North Texas, Denton, TX); Phol, Phillip Isabio; Xu, Zhi-Ping (The University of North Texas, Denton, TX); Brinker, C. Jeffrey; Yang, Yi (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Bryan, Charles R.; Yu, Kui; Xu, Huifang (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Wang, Yifeng; Gao, Huizhen

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Nanostructured Functional Materials for Energy Conversion and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... V: Clean Coal-, Hydrogen Based-Technologies, Fuel Cells, and Materials for Energy Storage ... Deployment of New High Temperature Alloys for Power Generation Systems ... Materials Metrology for a Hydrogen Distribution Infrastructure.

49

Designing Nanostructured Hybrid Materials for Energy Storage ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The resulting devices fabricated with low-cost materials through the scalable ... which can offer >5 times higher charge storage capacity than current technology.

50

Surfaces and Interfaces in Nanostructured Materials - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 1, 2004 ... Proceedings from the Global Innovations Symposium on Materials ... by the MPMD, provide description, insight, challenges, and projections for ...

51

Composite, nanostructured, super-hydrophobic material  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A hydrophobic disordered composite material having a protrusive surface feature includes a recessive phase and a protrusive phase, the recessive phase having a higher susceptibility to a preselected etchant than the protrusive phase, the composite material having an etched surface wherein the protrusive phase protrudes from the surface to form a protrusive surface feature, the protrusive feature being hydrophobic.

D' Urso, Brian R. (Clinton, TN); Simpson, John T. (Clinton, TN)

2007-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

52

Thermoelectric energy conversion using nanostructured materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High performance thermoelectric materials in a wide range of temperatures are essential to broaden the application spectrum of thermoelectric devices. This paper presents experiments on the power and efficiency characteristics ...

Chen, Gang

53

High volume production of nanostructured materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system and method for high volume production of nanoparticles, nanotubes, and items incorporating nanoparticles and nanotubes. Microwave, radio frequency, or infrared energy vaporizes a metal catalyst which, as it condenses, is contacted by carbon or other elements such as silicon, germanium, or boron to form agglomerates. The agglomerates may be annealed to accelerate the production of nanotubes. Magnetic or electric fields may be used to align the nanotubes during their production. The nanotubes may be separated from the production byproducts in aligned or non-aligned configurations. The agglomerates may be formed directly into tools, optionally in compositions that incorporate other materials such as abrasives, binders, carbon-carbon composites, and cermets.

Ripley, Edward B. (Knoxville, TN); Morrell, Jonathan S. (Knoxville, TN); Seals, Roland D. (Oak Ridge, TN); Ludtka, Gerard M. (Oak Ridge, TN)

2009-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

54

Nanomanufacturing : nano-structured materials made layer-by-layer.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Large-scale, high-throughput production of nano-structured materials (i.e. nanomanufacturing) is a strategic area in manufacturing, with markets projected to exceed $1T by 2015. Nanomanufacturing is still in its infancy; process/product developments are costly and only touch on potential opportunities enabled by growing nanoscience discoveries. The greatest promise for high-volume manufacturing lies in age-old coating and imprinting operations. For materials with tailored nm-scale structure, imprinting/embossing must be achieved at high speeds (roll-to-roll) and/or over large areas (batch operation) with feature sizes less than 100 nm. Dispersion coatings with nanoparticles can also tailor structure through self- or directed-assembly. Layering films structured with these processes have tremendous potential for efficient manufacturing of microelectronics, photovoltaics and other topical nano-structured devices. This project is designed to perform the requisite R and D to bring Sandia's technology base in computational mechanics to bear on this scale-up problem. Project focus is enforced by addressing a promising imprinting process currently being commercialized.

Cox, James V.; Cheng, Shengfeng; Grest, Gary Stephen; Tjiptowidjojo, Kristianto (University of New Mexico); Reedy, Earl David, Jr.; Fan, Hongyou; Schunk, Peter Randall; Chandross, Michael Evan; Roberts, Scott A.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

First Industrial Nanostructured WC-Co Composite Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Morphological Forms of Phosphogypsum Depending on Modification Approaches in Using as Mineral Filler for Polymer Composites · Nanostructured ...

56

High performance capacitors using nano-structure multilayer materials fabrication  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high performance capacitor fabricated from nano-structure multilayer materials, such as by controlled, reactive sputtering, and having very high energy-density, high specific energy and high voltage breakdown. The multilayer capacitors, for example, may be fabricated in a "notepad" configuration composed of 200-300 alternating layers of conductive and dielectric materials so as to have a thickness of 1 mm, width of 200 mm, and length of 300 mm, with terminals at each end of the layers suitable for brazing, thereby guaranteeing low contact resistance and high durability. The "notepad" capacitors may be stacked in single or multiple rows (series-parallel banks) to increase the voltage and energy density.

Barbee, Jr., Troy W. (Palo Alto, CA); Johnson, Gary W. (Livermore, CA); O' Brien, Dennis W. (Livermore, CA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

High performance capacitors using nano-structure multilayer materials fabrication  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high performance capacitor fabricated from nano-structure multilayer materials, such as by controlled, reactive sputtering, and having very high energy-density, high specific energy and high voltage breakdown. The multilayer capacitors, for example, may be fabricated in a "notepad" configuration composed of 200-300 alternating layers of conductive and dielectric materials so as to have a thickness of 1 mm, width of 200 mm, and length of 300 mm, with terminals at each end of the layers suitable for brazing, thereby guaranteeing low contact resistance and high durability. The "notepad" capacitors may be stacked in single or multiple rows (series-parallel banks) to increase the voltage and energy density.

Barbee, Jr., Troy W. (Palo Alto, CA); Johnson, Gary W. (Livermore, CA); O' Brien, Dennis W. (Livermore, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

High performance capacitors using nano-structure multilayer materials fabrication  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high performance capacitor is fabricated from nano-structure multilayer materials, such as by controlled, reactive sputtering, and having very high energy-density, high specific energy and high voltage breakdown. The multilayer capacitors, for example, may be fabricated in a ``notepad`` configuration composed of 200-300 alternating layers of conductive and dielectric materials so as to have a thickness of 1 mm, width of 200 mm, and length of 300 mm, with terminals at each end of the layers suitable for brazing, thereby guaranteeing low contact resistance and high durability. The notepad capacitors may be stacked in single or multiple rows (series-parallel banks) to increase the voltage and energy density. 5 figs.

Barbee, T.W. Jr.; Johnson, G.W.; O`Brien, D.W.

1995-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

59

High performance capacitors using nano-structure multilayer materials fabrication  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high performance capacitor is described which is fabricated from nano-structure multilayer materials, such as by controlled, reactive sputtering, and having very high energy-density, high specific energy and high voltage breakdown. The multilayer capacitors, for example, may be fabricated in a ``notepad`` configuration composed of 200--300 alternating layers of conductive and dielectric materials so as to have a thickness of 1 mm, width of 200 mm, and length of 300 mm, with terminals at each end of the layers suitable for brazing, thereby guaranteeing low contact resistance and high durability. The ``notepad`` capacitors may be stacked in single or multiple rows (series-parallel banks) to increase the voltage and energy density. 5 figs.

Barbee, T.W. Jr.; Johnson, G.W.; O`Brien, D.W.

1996-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

60

Hydrogen Storage Properties of Magnesium Base Nanostructured Composite Materials  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In this work, nanostructured composite materials have been synthesized using the mechanical alloying process. The new materials produced have been investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transition electron microscope (TEM), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and electron energy dispersion spectrum (EDS) for their phase compositions, crystal structure, grain size, particle morphology and the distribution of catalyst element. Hydrogen storage capacities and the hydriding-dehydriding kinetics of the new materials have been measured at different temperatures using a Sieverts apparatus. It is observed that mechanical alloying accelerates the hydrogenation kinetics of the magnesium based materials at low temperature, but a high temperature must be provided to release the absorbed hydrogen from the hydrided magnesium based materials. It is believed that the dehydriding temperature is largely controlled by the thermodynamic configuration of magnesium hydride. Doping Mg-Ni nano/amorphous composite materials with lanthanum reduces the hydriding and dehydriding temperature. Although the stability of MgH2 can not be easily reduced by ball milling alone, the results suggest the thermodynamic properties of Mg-Ni nano/amorphous composite materials can be alternated by additives such as La or other effective elements. Further investigation toward understanding the mechanism of additives will be rewarded.

AU, M

2004-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanostructured materials 3d" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Chemical Functionalization of Nanostructured Materials Using Supercritical Reaction Media  

SciTech Connect

There exists a need for durable and thin functional coatings to utilize the afforded surface area of highly porous ceramic materials. Deposition of silane-based Self Assembled Monolayers (SAMs) has thus far been limited to maximum coverages of 4-5 molecules/nm2 and long processing times (up to 2 weeks), due to the restricted internal geometry of the substrates. Results are presented for SAMs deposited on high surface area silica from supercritical fluids (SCFs). The SAMs so produced display unprecedented coverages, high monolayer integrity, and extremely low surface defect density. Moreover, the depositions and subsequent removal of reaction byproducts are complete in a matter of minutes rather than days. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectra of the surface modified silica are presented, demonstrating the SAM integrity and evolution over time. Sorption of aqueous metal ions is demonstrated, and results are given demonstrating the broad pH stability of the deposited SAMs. A chemical explanation for the enhanced deposition is posited, and the kinetics of mass transport into and out of the nanostructured spaces are discussed.Related experiments using zeolite substrates show deposition of thiol-terminated silanes to internal surfaces of 6? microporous material. After oxidation of the thiol functional group size selective chemistry was demonstrated using the produced catalyst, proving the efficacy of the supercritical reaction medium for installing functional coatings inside pores of similar diameters to the chain length of the deposited molecule[]. Comparisons are made between the response of the different substrates to the supercritical fluid-based processing, and remarks on the utility of SCF based processing of nanostructured materials are presented.

Zemanian, Thomas S.; Fryxell, Glen E.; Liu, Jun; Mattigod, Shas V.; Shin, Yongsoon; Franz, James A.; Ustyugov, Oleksiy A.; Nie, Zimin

2001-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

62

SPD-Processed Bulk Nanostructured Materials for Extreme ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider several examples of producing nanostructured light alloys (Al and Ti ) and ... Fluorescent Nanoparticle Tracers for Oil Exploration and Production.

63

Solution Phase Routes to Functional Nanostructured Materials for Energy Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a Low Band Gap Polymer and CdSe Nanostructures Exceeding 3%A. P. Shape Control of CdSe Nanocrystals. Nature, 2000, 404,Strongly Luminescing ZnS-Capped CdSe Nanocrystals. J. Phys.

Rauda, Iris Ester

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Workshop in Novel Emitters and Nanostructured Materials | U.S. DOE Office  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Workshop in Novel Emitters and Nanostructured Workshop in Novel Emitters and Nanostructured Materials Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers Research Science Highlights News & Events EFRC News EFRC Events DOE Announcements Publications Contact BES Home 09.01.11 Workshop in Novel Emitters and Nanostructured Materials Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page The Solid-State Lighting Science Energy Frontier Research Center (SSLS EFRC) is hosting a workshop in conjunction with CINT's Annual User Conference on September 14, 2011. The workshop covers topics on Novel Emitters and Light-Matter Interaction in Nanostructured Materials, and features a plenary talk by Lars Samuelson, Director of the Nanometer Structure Consortium at Lund University. Additional speakers include John Schlager, NIST; Silvija Gradecak, MIT;

65

Nanostructured materials for lithium-ion batteries: Surface conductivity vs. bulk  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nanostructured materials for lithium-ion batteries: Surface conductivity vs. bulk ion cathode materials for high capacity lithium-ion batteries. Owing to their inherently low electronic in these materials is also to unravel the factors governing ion and electron transport within the lattice. Lithium de

Ryan, Dominic

66

Solution Phase Routes to Functional Nanostructured Materials for Energy Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Networks: Ag 2 Se Gels and Aerogels by Cation ExchangeArea Vanadium Oxide Aerogels. Electrochem. Solid State Lett.of a 3D Graphene/Nanoparticle Aerogel. Adv. Mater. 2011, 23,

Rauda, Iris Ester

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

3D TiO2 Nanoarchitecture Fabricated by Pulsed Chemical Vapor ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Approaching Multimaterial 3D Nanostructured Gas Phase Nanoxerographic Printers · Carbon Nanotube Coatings Laser Power and Energy Measurements.

68

PROPERTIES AND NANOSTRUCTURES OF NANO-MATERIALS PROCESSED BY SEVERE PLASTIC DEFORMATION (SPD).  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Metallic materials usually exhibit higher strength but lower ductility after being plastically deformed by conventional techniques such as rolling, drawing and extrusion. In contrast, nanostructured metals and alloys processed by severe plastic deformation (SPD) have demonstrated both high strength and high ductility. This extraordinary mechanical behavior is attributed to the unique nanostructures generated by SPD processing. The combination of ultrafine grain size and high-density dislocations appears to enable deformation by new mechanisms not active in coarse-grained metals and alloys. These results demonstrate the possibility of tailoring the microstructures of metals and alloys by SPD to obtain superior mechanical properties. Nanostructured metals and alloys processed by SPD techniques have unique nanostructures not observed in nanomaterials synthesized by other techniques such as the consolidation of nanopowders. The SPD-generated nanostructures have many features related to deformation, including high dislocation densities, and high- and low-angle grain boundaries in equilibrium or nonequilibrium states. Future studies are needed to investigate the deformation mechanisms that relate the unique nanostructures with the superior mechanical properties exhibited by SPD-processed metals and alloys.

Zhu, Y. T. (Yuntian Theodore)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Post-doc position : Nanostructured materials for the realization of enhanced micro-supercapacitors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Post-doc position : Nanostructured materials for the realization of enhanced micro-supercapacitors and temperature range. The integration of low-profile, miniaturized supercapacitors could, CDC, CNT, RuO2...) for the development of micro-supercapacitors. An attractive

Ingrand, François

70

Sol-gel processing of nanostructured inorganic scintillating materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The development of scintillating materials is believed to reach a new step by controlling their preparation on a nanometric level. Sol-Gel chemistry offers very unique tools for nanoscale mastering of the materials preparation. In particular, shaping ...

J. M. Nedelec

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

An Experimental Study of Deformation and Fracture of a Nanostructured Metallic Material  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The mechanical properties of materials strongly depend on their microstructure. Therefore, engineering the material's microstructure can lead to improving its mechanical properties. One method for enhancing the strength of metallic materials consists of refining the grain size down to the nanometer scale. Such nanostructured materials possess remarkable strength without using conventional metallurgical strengthening methods. However, this strength often comes at the expense of workhardening capacity, thus favoring flow localization and loss of ductility and toughness. The deformation behavior of nanostructured metallic materials has been extensively studied in the literature. However, little is known of their fracture behavior. In this study, the mechanical behavior of a nanostructured, nearly pure material is investigated in order to link processing conditions, microstructure, and fracture locus in stress space. With focus laid on BCC materials which can undergo a ductile-to-brittle transition, Interstitial- Free (IF) steel is chosen. The microstructure is refined using Severe Plastic Deformation (SPD) to achieve ultra-fine grain (UFG) materials with grain sizes in the range 100nm- 1 mu m. Equal Channel Angular Extrusion (ECAE) is used to obtain three types of UFG-IF steel microstructures by varying the extrusion rate and processing temperature. The deformation behavior is investigated for the three UFG materials using round smooth bars and is compared with the behavior of the as-received material. The damage behavior and the fracture mechanisms are studied using tensile round notched bars with varying notch radii. The findings indicate a remarkable combination of strength and notch ductility at room temperature, including for the material with the finest microstructure. They also point to the need for careful characterization of temperature effects before such materials can be considered in structural applications.

Abdel Al, Nisrin Rizek

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Method of producing catalytic materials for fabricating nanostructures  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods of fabricating nano-catalysts are described. In some embodiments the nano-catalyst is formed from a powder-based substrate material and is some embodiments the nano-catalyst is formed from a solid-based substrate material. In some embodiments the substrate material may include metal, ceramic, or silicon or another metalloid. The nano-catalysts typically have metal nanoparticles disposed adjacent the surface of the substrate material. The methods typically include functionalizing the surface of the substrate material with a chelating agent, such as a chemical having dissociated carboxyl functional groups (--COO), that provides an enhanced affinity for metal ions. The functionalized substrate surface may then be exposed to a chemical solution that contains metal ions. The metal ions are then bound to the substrate material and may then be reduced, such as by a stream of gas that includes hydrogen, to form metal nanoparticles adjacent the surface of the substrate.

Seals, Roland D; Menchhofer, Paul A; Howe, Jane Y; Wang, Wei

2013-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

73

Advances in Nanostructured Materials and Applications: The 2011 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

R. Singh (Clemson Univ); R N Singh (Univ. of Cincinnati); A.Tiwari (University of Utah); L. Vayssieres (National Institute for Materials Science International ...

74

CRYOGENIC ADSORPTION OF HYDROGEN ISOTOPES OVER NANO-STRUCTURED MATERIALS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Porous materials such as zeolites, activated carbon, silica gels, alumina and a number of industrial catalysts are compared and ranked for hydrogen and deuterium adsorption at liquid nitrogen temperature. All samples show higher D{sub 2} adsorption than that of H{sub 2}, in which a HY sample has the greatest isotopic effect while 13X has the highest hydrogen uptake capacity. Material's moisture content has significant impact to its hydrogen uptake. A material without adequate drying could result in complete loss of its adsorption capacity. Even though some materials present higher H{sub 2} adsorption capacity at full pressure, their adsorption at low vapor pressure may not be as good as others. Adsorption capacity in a dynamic system is much less than in a static system. A sharp desorption is also expected in case of temperature upset.

Xiao, S.; Heung, L.

2010-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

75

CRYOGENIC ADSORPTION OF HYDROGEN ISOTOPES OVER NANO-STRUCTURED MATERIALS  

SciTech Connect

Porous materials such as zeolites, activated carbon, silica gels, alumina and a number of industrial catalysts are compared and ranked for hydrogen and deuterium adsorption at liquid nitrogen temperature. All samples show higher D{sub 2} adsorption than that of H{sub 2}, in which a HY sample has the greatest isotopic effect while 13X has the highest hydrogen uptake capacity. Material's moisture content has significant impact to its hydrogen uptake. A material without adequate drying could result in complete loss of its adsorption capacity. Even though some materials present higher H{sub 2} adsorption capacity at full pressure, their adsorption at low vapor pressure may not be as good as others. Adsorption capacity in a dynamic system is much less than in a static system. A sharp desorption is also expected in case of temperature upset.

Xiao, S.; Heung, L.

2010-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

76

Theory and Simulation of Nanostructured Materials for Photovoltaic Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Quantum mechanical electronic structure calculations are playing an ever-expanding role in advancing nanotechnology as well as in advancing our understanding and design of new functional materials. Recent research utilizing quantum mechanical electronic ... Keywords: Quantum mechanical, optoelectronics, photovoltaics, solar cells, nanoscience and nanotechnology, electronic structure calculations

Yosuke Kanai; Jeffrey B. Neaton; Jeffrey C. Grossman

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Conversion of cellulose materials into nanostructured ceramics by biomineralization  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Synthesis of hierarchically ordered silica materials having ordered wood cellular structures has been demonstrated through in-situ mineralization of wood by means of surfactant-directed mineralization in solutions of different pH. At low pH, silicic acid penetrates the buried interfaces of the wood cellular structure without clogging the pores to subsequently “molecularly paint” the interfaces thereby forming a positive replica following calcinations. At high pH, the hydrolyzed silica rapidly condenses to fill the open cells and pits within the structure resulting in a negative replica of the structure. Surfactant-templated mineralization in acid solutions leads to the formation of micelles that hexagonally pack at the wood interfaces preserving structural integrity while integrating hexagonally ordered nanoporosity into the structure of the cell walls following thermal treatment in air. The carbothermal reduction of mineralized wood with silica at high temperature produces biomorphic silicon carbide (SiC) materials, which are typical aggregations of ?-SiC nanoparticles. To understand the roles of each component (lignin, crystalline cellulose, amorphous cellulose) comprising the natural biotemplates in the transformation to SiC rods, three different cellulose precursors including unbleached and bleached pulp, and cellulose nanocrystals have been utilized. Lignin in unbleached pulp blocked homogeneous penetration of silica into the pores between cellulose fibers resulting in non-uniform SiC fibers containing thick silica layers. Bleached pulp produced uniform SiC rods with camelback structures (80nm in diameter; ~50?m in length), indicating that more silica infiltrates into the amorphous constituent of cellulose to form chunky rather than straight rod structures. The cellulose nanocrystal (CNXL) material produced clean and uniform SiC nanowires (70nm in diameter; >100?m in length) without the camelback structure.

Shin, Yongsoon; Exarhos, Gregory J.

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Methods for high volume production of nanostructured materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system and method for high volume production of nanoparticles, nanotubes, and items incorporating nanoparticles and nanotubes. Microwave, radio frequency, or infrared energy vaporizes a metal catalyst which, as it condenses, is contacted by carbon or other elements such as silicon, germanium, or boron to form agglomerates. The agglomerates may be annealed to accelerate the production of nanotubes. Magnetic or electric fields may be used to align the nanotubes during their production. The nanotubes may be separated from the production byproducts in aligned or non-aligned configurations. The agglomerates may be formed directly into tools, optionally in compositions that incorporate other materials such as abrasives, binders, carbon-carbon composites, and cermets.

Ripley, Edward B. (Knoxville, TN); Morrell, Jonathan S. (Knoxville, TN); Seals, Roland D. (Oak Ridge, TN); Ludtka, Gerald M. (Oak Ridge, TN)

2011-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

79

Nanostructure multilayer dielectric materials for capacitors and insulators  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A capacitor is formed of at least two metal conductors having a multilayer dielectric and opposite dielectric-conductor interface layers in between. The multilayer dielectric includes many alternating layers of amorphous zirconium oxide (ZrO{sub 2}) and alumina (Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}). The dielectric-conductor interface layers are engineered for increased voltage breakdown and extended service life. The local interfacial work function is increased to reduce charge injection and thus increase breakdown voltage. Proper material choices can prevent electrochemical reactions and diffusion between the conductor and dielectric. Physical vapor deposition is used to deposit the zirconium oxide (ZrO{sub 2}) and alumina (Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}) in alternating layers to form a nano-laminate. 1 fig.

Barbee, T.W. Jr.; Johnson, G.W.

1998-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

80

Nanostructure multilayer dielectric materials for capacitors and insulators  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A capacitor is formed of at least two metal conductors having a multilayer dielectric and opposite dielectric-conductor interface layers in between. The multilayer dielectric includes many alternating layers of amorphous zirconium oxide (ZrO.sub.2) and alumina (Al.sub.2 O.sub.3). The dielectric-conductor interface layers are engineered for increased voltage breakdown and extended service life. The local interfacial work function is increased to reduce charge injection and thus increase breakdown voltage. Proper material choices can prevent electrochemical reactions and diffusion between the conductor and dielectric. Physical vapor deposition is used to deposit the zirconium oxide (ZrO.sub.2) and alumina (Al.sub.2 O.sub.3) in alternating layers to form a nano-laminate.

Barbee, Jr., Troy W. (Palo Alto, CA); Johnson, Gary W. (Livermore, CA)

1998-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanostructured materials 3d" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Nanostructured material for advanced energy storage : magnesium battery cathode development.  

SciTech Connect

Magnesium batteries are alternatives to the use of lithium ion and nickel metal hydride secondary batteries due to magnesium's abundance, safety of operation, and lower toxicity of disposal. The divalency of the magnesium ion and its chemistry poses some difficulties for its general and industrial use. This work developed a continuous and fibrous nanoscale network of the cathode material through the use of electrospinning with the goal of enhancing performance and reactivity of the battery. The system was characterized and preliminary tests were performed on the constructed battery cells. We were successful in building and testing a series of electrochemical systems that demonstrated good cyclability maintaining 60-70% of discharge capacity after more than 50 charge-discharge cycles.

Sigmund, Wolfgang M. (University of Florida, Gainesville, FL); Woan, Karran V. (University of Florida, Gainesville, FL); Bell, Nelson Simmons

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Nanostructured material for advanced energy storage : magnesium battery cathode development.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Magnesium batteries are alternatives to the use of lithium ion and nickel metal hydride secondary batteries due to magnesium's abundance, safety of operation, and lower toxicity of disposal. The divalency of the magnesium ion and its chemistry poses some difficulties for its general and industrial use. This work developed a continuous and fibrous nanoscale network of the cathode material through the use of electrospinning with the goal of enhancing performance and reactivity of the battery. The system was characterized and preliminary tests were performed on the constructed battery cells. We were successful in building and testing a series of electrochemical systems that demonstrated good cyclability maintaining 60-70% of discharge capacity after more than 50 charge-discharge cycles.

Sigmund, Wolfgang M. (University of Florida, Gainesville, FL); Woan, Karran V. (University of Florida, Gainesville, FL); Bell, Nelson Simmons

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Using Single-Camera 3-D Imaging to Guide Material Handling Robots in a Nuclear Waste Package Closure System  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear reactors for generating energy and conducting research have been in operation for more than 50 years, and spent nuclear fuel and associated high-level waste have accumulated in temporary storage. Preparing this spent fuel and nuclear waste for safe and permanent storage in a geological repository involves developing a robotic packaging system—a system that can accommodate waste packages of various sizes and high levels of nuclear radiation. During repository operation, commercial and government-owned spent nuclear fuel and high-level waste will be loaded into casks and shipped to the repository, where these materials will be transferred from the casks into a waste package, sealed, and placed into an underground facility. The waste packages range from 12 to 20 feet in height and four and a half to seven feet in diameter. Closure operations include sealing the waste package and all its associated functions, such as welding lids onto the container, filling the inner container with an inert gas, performing nondestructive examinations on welds, and conducting stress mitigation. The Idaho National Laboratory is designing and constructing a prototype Waste Package Closure System (WPCS). Control of the automated material handling is an important part of the overall design. Waste package lids, welding equipment, and other tools must be moved in and around the closure cell during the closure process. These objects are typically moved from tool racks to a specific position on the waste package to perform a specific function. Periodically, these objects are moved from a tool rack or the waste package to the adjacent glovebox for repair or maintenance. Locating and attaching to these objects with the remote handling system, a gantry robot, in a loosely fixtured environment is necessary for the operation of the closure cell. Reliably directing the remote handling system to pick and place the closure cell equipment within the cell is the major challenge.

Rodney M. Shurtliff

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Modeling and Characterization of 3D Photovoltaics - Programmaster ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Third Generation PV encompasses a wide diversity of materials and nanostructures and ... Electrochemical and Mechanical Reliability of Three Dimensionally ...

85

Reactive Ballistic Deposition of Nanostructured Model Materials for Electrochemical Energy Conversion and Storage  

SciTech Connect

Finely structured, supported thin films offer a host of opportunities for fundamental and applied research. Nanostructured materials often exhibit physical properties which differ from their bulk counterparts due to the increased importance of the surface in determining the thermodynamics and behavior of the system. Thus, control of the characteristic size, porosity, morphology, and surface area presents opportunities to tailor new materials which are useful platforms for elucidating the fundamental processes related to energy conversion and storage. The ability to produce high purity materials with direct control of relevant film parameters such as porosity, film thickness, and film morphology is of immediate interest in the fields of electrochemistry, photocatalysis, and thermal catalysis. Studies of various photoactive materials have introduced questions concerning the effects of film architecture and surface structure on the performance of the materials, while recent work has demonstrated that nanostructured, mesoporous, or disordered materials often deform plastically, making them robust in applications where volumetric expansion and phase transformations occur, such as in materials for lithium-ion batteries. Moreover, renewed emphasis has been placed on the formation of semi-conductive electrodes with controlled pore-size and large surface areas for the study and application of pseudo-capacitance and cation insertion processes for electrical energy storage. Understanding how the performance of such materials depends on morphology, porosity, and surface structure and area requires a synthesis technique which provides for incremental variations in structure and facilitates assessment of the performance with the appropriate analytical tools, preferably those that provide both structural information and kinetic insight into photoelectrochemical processes.

Flaherty, David W.; Hahn, Nathan T.; May, Robert A.; Berglund, Sean P.; Lin, Yong-Mao; Stevenson, Keith J.; Dohnalek, Zdenek; Kay, Bruce D.; Mullins, C. Buddie

2012-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

86

Electrospray neutralization process and apparatus for generation of nano-aerosol and nano-structured materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The claimed invention describes methods and apparatuses for manufacturing nano-aerosols and nano-structured materials based on the neutralization of charged electrosprayed products with oppositely charged electrosprayed products. Electrosprayed products include molecular ions, nano-clusters and nano-fibers. Nano-aerosols can be generated when neutralization occurs in the gas phase. Neutralization of electrospan nano-fibers with molecular ions and charged nano-clusters may result in the formation of fibrous aerosols or free nano-mats. Nano-mats can also be produced on a suitable substrate, forming efficient nano-filters.

Bailey, Charles L. (Cross Junction, VA); Morozov, Victor (Manassas, VA); Vsevolodov, Nikolai N. (Kensington, MD)

2010-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

87

3D Shape Research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Shape Analysis Research Project. Summary: ... We have organized two workshops on 3D shape retrieval and two shape retrieval contests. ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

88

BIOFUELS 3D Database  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

BIOFUEL Database. NIST Home. BIOFUEL 3-D Structures ( Help / Contact / Rate Our Product and Services / NIST privacy policy ). Search: ...

89

Nanostructured Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 18, 2011... GE Global Research; Kevin Fox, Savannah River National Laboratory; ... David Forrest, Department of Energy; Aladar Csontos, U.S. Nuclear ...

90

Nanostructured Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aug 5, 2013... 1University of California, Irvine; 2Boeing Research & Technology, ... whereas helium as well as heavy ion irradiation experiments were used ...

91

One-Dimensional ZnO Nanostructures for Photonic and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Approaching Multimaterial 3D Nanostructured Gas Phase Nanoxerographic Printers · Carbon Nanotube Coatings Laser Power and Energy Measurements.

92

Development of Nanostructured Composite Electrodes for All Solid ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Approaching Multimaterial 3D Nanostructured Gas Phase Nanoxerographic Printers · Carbon Nanotube Coatings Laser Power and Energy Measurements.

93

One-Dimensional Nanostructures of Transition Metal Oxides with ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Approaching Multimaterial 3D Nanostructured Gas Phase Nanoxerographic Printers · Carbon Nanotube Coatings Laser Power and Energy Measurements.

94

Final Technical Summary: Center for Fundamental and Applied Research in Nanostructured and Lightweight Materials  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The core projects for this DOE-sponsored Center at Michigan Tech have focused on several of the materials problems identified by the NAS. These include: new electrode materials, enhanced PEM materials, lighter and more effective bipolar plates, and improvement of the carbon used as a current carrier. This project involved fundamental and applied research in the development and testing of lightweight and nanostructured materials to be used in fuel cell applications and for chemical synthesis. The advent of new classes of materials engineered at the nanometer level can produce materials that are lightweight and have unique physical and chemical properties. The grant was used to obtain and improve the equipment infrastructure to support this research and also served to fund seven research projects. These included: 1. Development of lightweight, thermally conductive bipolar plates for improved thermal management in fuel cells; 2. Exploration of pseudomorphic nanoscale overlayer bimetallic catalysts for fuel cells; 3. Development of hybrid inorganic/organic polymer nanocomposites with improved ionic and electronic properties; 4. Development of oriented polymeric materials for membrane applications; 5. Preparation of a graphitic carbon foam current collectors; 6. The development of lightweight carbon electrodes using graphitic carbon foams for battery and fuel cell applications; and 7. Movement of water in fuel cell electrodes.

Michael Mullins, Tony Rogers, Julia King, Jason Keith, Bahne Cornilsen, Jeffrey Allen, Ryan Gilbert, Joseph Holles.

2010-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

95

3D Microstructure Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jun 26, 2012 ... 2012 Summer School on 3D Microstructure Studies ... analysis of serial section data and synthetic microstructure generation, executables are.

96

Web3D  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Progress in creating 3D for the Web by Sandy Ressler, a member of the Information Access Division (IAD) in ITL, and others was noted in a recent ...

97

3-D Tin-Carbon Fiber Paper Electrodes for Electrochemically ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2012. Symposium, Energy Storage: Materials, Systems and Applications. Presentation Title, 3-D ...

98

Molecular Level Assessment of Thermal Transport and Thermoelectricity in Materials: From Bulk Alloys to Nanostructures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ability to manipulate material response to dynamical processes depends on the extent of understanding of transport properties and their variation with chemical and structural features in materials. In this perspective, current work focuses on the thermal and electronic transport behavior of technologically important bulk and nanomaterials. Strontium titanate is a potential thermoelectric material due to its large Seebeck coefficient. Here, first principles electronic band structure and Boltzmann transport calculations are employed in studying the thermoelectric properties of this material in doped and deformed states. The calculations verified that excessive carrier concentrations are needed for this material to be used in thermoelectric applications. Carbon- and boron nitride-based nanomaterials also offer new opportunities in many applications from thermoelectrics to fast heat removers. For these materials, molecular dynamics calculations are used to evaluate lattice thermal transport. To do this, first, an energy moment term is reformulated for periodic boundary conditions and tested to calculate thermal conductivity from Einstein relation in various systems. The influences of the structural details (size, dimensionality) and defects (vacancies, Stone-Wales defects, edge roughness, isotopic disorder) on the thermal conductivity of C and BN nanostructures are explored. It is observed that single vacancies scatter phonons stronger than other type of defects due to unsatisfied bonds in their structure. In pristine states, BN nanostructures have 4-6 times lower thermal conductivity compared to C counterparts. The reason of this observation is investigated on the basis of phonon group velocities, life times and heat capacities. The calculations show that both phonon group velocities and life times are smaller in BN systems. Quantum corrections are also discussed for these classical simulations. The chemical and structural diversity that could be attained by mixing hexagonal boron nitride and graphene provide further avenues for tuning thermal and electronic properties. In this work, the thermal conductivity of hybrid graphene/hexagonal-BN structures: stripe superlattices and BN (graphene) dots embedded in graphene (BN) are studied. The largest reduction in thermal conductivity is observed at 50% chemical mixture in dot superlattices. The dot radius appears to have little effect on the magnitude of reduction around large concentrations while smaller dots are more influential at dilute systems.

Kinaci, Alper

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Pseudocapacitive Properties of Nanostructured Transition Metal ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Batteries and electrochemical capacitors (ECs) represent the most ... 3D Nanostructured Bicontinuous Electrodes: Path to Ultra-High Power and ...

100

Laser Created Nanostructured Aluminum Current Collector for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

3D Nanostructured Bicontinuous Electrodes: Path to Ultra-High Power and Energy ... High Energy Density Lithium Capacitors Using Carbon-Carbon Electrodes.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanostructured materials 3d" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Characterization of 3D Photovoltaics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... supporting improved processing and design of Second Generation (thin film) and Third Generation (nanostructured) photovoltaic devices. ...

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

102

Kinematic and dynamic modeling of Nanostructured Origami  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nanostructured Origami is a manufacturing process that folds nanopatterned thin films into a desired 3D shape. This process extends the properties of 3D design and connectivity found in origami artwork to the bulk fabrication ...

Stellman, Paul Steven

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Novel Design of Nanostructured Si Anode on Nanohair Array ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Nanostructured Materials for Lithium Ion Batteries and for Supercapacitors. Presentation Title, Novel Design of Nanostructured Si Anode on  ...

104

Direct-Write of Silicon and Germanium Nanostructures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nanostructures Print Nanostructured materials (nanowires, nanotubes, nanoclusters, graphene) are attractive possible alternatives to traditionally microfabricated silicon in...

105

An integrated method for material properties characterization based on pulsed laser generated surface acoustic waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A novel integrated method enabling the study of nano-structured materials is presented, which is based on the imaging and monitoring of the spatiotemporal evolution of short-pulse-laser-generated Surface Acoustic Waves (SAWs). The method combines a 3D ... Keywords: Dynamic laser interferometry, Finite Elements, Nano-acoustics, Nanostructures

Yannis Orphanos, Vasilis Dimitriou, Evaggelos Kaselouris, Efthimios Bakarezos, Nikolaos Vainos, Michael Tatarakis, Nektarios A. Papadogiannis

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

FO3D: formatting objects for PDF3D  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

3D is useful in many real-world applications beyond computer games. The efficiency of communication is greatly enhanced by combining interlinked verbal descriptions with 3D content. However, there is a wide gap between the great demand for 3D content ... Keywords: PDF 3D, XSL-FO

Gerald Buchgraber; René Berndt; Sven Havemann; Dieter W. Fellner

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

X3D: Extensible 3D Graphics for Web Authors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the early days of the Web a need was recognized for a language to display 3D objects through a browser. An HTML-like language, VRML, was proposed in 1994 and became the standard for describing interactive 3D objects and worlds on the Web. 3D Web courses ... Keywords: Computer Graphics

Don Brutzman; Leonard Daly

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Nanoparticle modifications of photodefined nanostructures for energy applications.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The advancement of materials technology towards the development of novel 3D nanostructures for energy applications has been a long-standing challenge. The purpose of this project was to explore photolithographically defineable pyrolyzed photoresist carbon films for possible energy applications. The key attributes that we explored were as follows: (1) Photo-interferometric fabrication methods to produce highly porous (meso, micro, and nano) 3-D electrode structures, and (2) conducting polymer and nanoparticle-modification strategies on these structures to provide enhanced catalytic capabilities and increase conductivity. The resulting electrodes were then explored for specific applications towards possible use in battery and energy platforms.

Polsky, Ronen; Xiao, Xiaoyin; Burckel, David Bruce; Brozik, Susan Marie; Washburn, Cody M.; Wheeler, David Roger

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Silicon Carbide Nanostructures for Micro-Supercapacitor Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

3D Nanostructured Bicontinuous Electrodes: Path to Ultra-High Power and Energy ... High Energy Density Lithium Capacitors Using Carbon-Carbon Electrodes.

110

Surface Anchoring of Nematic Phase on Carbon Nanotubes: Nanostructure of Ultra-High Temperature Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nuclear energy is a dependable and economical source of electricity. Because fuel supply sources are available domestically, nuclear energy can be a strong domestic industry that can reduce dependence on foreign energy sources. Commercial nuclear power plants have extensive security measures to protect the facility from intruders [1]. However, additional research efforts are needed to increase the inherent process safety of nuclear energy plants to protect the public in the event of a reactor malfunction. The next generation nuclear plant (NGNP) is envisioned to utilize a very high temperature reactor (VHTR) design with an operating temperature of 650-1000�°C [2]. One of the most important safety design requirements for this reactor is that it must be inherently safe, i.e., the reactor must shut down safely in the event that the coolant flow is interrupted [2]. This next-generation Gen IV reactor must operate in an inherently safe mode where the off-normal temperatures may reach 1500�°C due to coolant-flow interruption. Metallic alloys used currently in reactor internals will melt at such temperatures. Structural materials that will not melt at such ultra-high temperatures are carbon/graphtic fibers and carbon-matrix composites. Graphite does not have a measurable melting point; it is known to sublime starting about 3300�°C. However, neutron radiation-damage effects on carbon fibers are poorly understood. Therefore, the goal of this project is to obtain a fundamental understanding of the role of nanotexture on the properties of resulting carbon fibers and their neutron-damage characteristics. Although polygranular graphite has been used in nuclear environment for almost fifty years, it is not suitable for structural applications because it do not possess adequate strength, stiffness, or toughness that is required of structural components such as reaction control-rods, upper plenum shroud, and lower core-support plate [2,3]. For structural purposes, composites consisting of strong carbon fibers embedded in a carbon matrix are needed. Such carbon/carbon (C/C) composites have been used in aerospace industry to produce missile nose cones, space shuttle leading edge, and aircraft brake-pads. However, radiation-tolerance of such materials is not adequately known because only limited radiation studies have been performed on C/C composites, which suggest that pitch-based carbon fibers have better dimensional stability than that of polyacrylonitrile (PAN) based fibers [4]. The thermodynamically-stable state of graphitic crystalline packing of carbon atoms derived from mesophase pitch leads to a greater stability during neutron irradiation [5]. The specific objectives of this project were: (i) to generating novel carbonaceous nanostructures, (ii) measure extent of graphitic crystallinity and the extent of anisotropy, and (iii) collaborate with the Carbon Materials group at Oak Ridge National Lab to have neutron irradiation studies and post-irradiation examinations conducted on the carbon fibers produced in this research project.

Ogale, Amod A

2012-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

111

3D Tissue Scaffolds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Left: Reference material scaffolds RM8394 are deployed. One unit is a 96-well plate with 24 scaffolds. ... End Date: ongoing. Lead Organizational Unit: ...

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

112

3D in Web Pages  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

3D in Web Pages. This page is currently under construction! Return to Visualization. *. Bookmark and Share. Return to Visualization.

2011-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

113

Stereoscopic 3D line drawing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses stereoscopic 3D imaging based on line drawing of 3D shapes. We describe the major issues and challenges in generating stereoscopic 3D effects using lines only, with a couple of relatively simple approaches called each-eye-based and ... Keywords: binocular rivalry, line drawing, line stylization, non-photorealism, stereo coherence, stereoscopy

Yongjin Kim; Yunjin Lee; Henry Kang; Seungyong Lee

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Nanostructured Coatings for Improved Erosion Resistance of Valve Stem Materials – 2013 Field Test Trials Update  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Electric Power Research Institute- (EPRI-) developed nanostructured coatings (nanocoatings), deposited by plasma- enhanced magnetron sputtering, show great promise for improved erosion and wear resistance in many power plant applications. EPRI laboratory research in 2010 developed the processing to apply these coatings over nitrided/malcomized (hardened) steam turbine valve stems, which is described in EPRI report 1019796, Application of Nanocoatings for Erosion Protection of Valve ...

2013-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

115

3D and 4D Characterization and Evaluation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aug 8, 2013 ... Here, we present a novel X-ray microscope featuring high detector resolution, which enables 3D imaging of materials with micron-scale ...

116

A two-fold interpenetrating 3D metal-organic framework material constructed from helical chains linked via 4,4'-H{sub 2}bpz fragments  

SciTech Connect

A 3-connected dia-f-type metal-organic framework compound {l_brace}[Ag(L){sub 3/2}H{sub 2}PO{sub 4}]{r_brace}{sub n} (1) has been synthesized by self-assembly of 4,4'-H{sub 2}bpz (L=4,4'-H{sub 2}bpz=3,3',5,5'-tetramethyl-4,4'-bipyrazole) and Ag{sub 4}P{sub 2}O{sub 7} under hydrothermal conditions. It crystallizes in the tetragonal space group I4{sub 1}/acd with a=21.406(4) A, b=21.406(4) A, c=36.298(8) A, Z=32. X-ray single-crystal diffraction reveals that 1 has a three-dimensional framework with an unprecedented alternate left- and right-handed helices structure, featuring a non-uniform two-fold interpenetrated (4.14{sup 2}) net. Photoluminescent investigation reveals that the title compound displays interesting emissions in a wide region, which shows that the title compound may be a good potential candidate as a photoelectric material. - Graphical abstract: A 3-connected dia-f-type metal-organic framework compound [Ag(4,4'-bpz){sub 3/2}H{sub 2}PO{sub 4}] shows unprecedented alternating left- and right-handed helices structure, featuring a non-uniform two-fold interpenetrated (4.14{sup 2}) net.

Xie Yiming [State Key Laboratory of Structural Chemistry, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou, Fujian 35002 (China); College of Materials Science and Engineering, Huaqiao University, the Key Laboratory for Functional Materials of Fujian Higher Education, Quanzhou, Fujian 362021 (China); Zhao Zhenguo; Wu Xiaoyuan; Zhang Qisheng; Chen Lijuan; Wang Fei; Chen Shanci [State Key Laboratory of Structural Chemistry, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou, Fujian 35002 (China); Lu Canzhong [State Key Laboratory of Structural Chemistry, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Fuzhou, Fujian 35002 (China)], E-mail: czlu@fjirsm.ac.cn

2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

117

Micro- and Nano-Structures of I-III-VI 2 -Based Materials Prepared ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2011. Symposium, Controlled Synthesis, Processing and Applications of Structural and Functional ...

118

3D Materials Science 2012: Home Page  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Online registration has ended. You may still register for both the conference and workshop onsite at the full conference price.

119

3D Materials Science 2012: Meeting Registration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

TMS Energy ... Audio/Video Recording Policy ... TMS strongly supports the federal Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) which prohibits discrimination against, ...

120

Three-Dimensional Composite Nanostructures for Lean NOx Emission Control  

SciTech Connect

This final report to the Department of Energy (DOE) and National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) for DE-EE0000210 covers the period from October 1, 2009 to July 31, 2013. Under this project, DOE awarded UConn about $1,248,242 to conduct the research and development on a new class of 3D composite nanostructure based catalysts for lean NOx emission control. Much of the material presented here has already been submitted to DOE/NETL in quarterly technical reports. In this project, through a scalable solution process, we have successfully fabricated a new class of catalytic reactors, i.e., the composite nanostructure array (nano-array) based catalytic converters. These nanocatalysts, distinct from traditional powder washcoat based catalytic converters, directly integrate monolithic substrates together with nanostructures with well-defined size and shape during the scalable hydrothermal process. The new monolithic nanocatalysts are demonstrated to be able to save raw materials including Pt-group metals and support metal oxides by an order of magnitude, while perform well at various oxidation (e.g., CO oxidation and NO oxidation) and reduction reactions (H{sub 2} reduction of NOx) involved in the lean NOx emissions. The size, shape and arrangement of the composite nanostructures within the monolithic substrates are found to be the key in enabling the drastically reduced materials usage while maintaining the good catalytic reactivity in the enabled devices. The further understanding of the reaction kinetics associated with the unique mass transport and surface chemistry behind is needed for further optimizing the design and fabrication of good nanostructure array based catalytic converters. On the other hand, the high temperature stability, hydrothermal aging stability, as well as S-poisoning resistance have been investigated in this project on the nanocatalysts, which revealed promising results toward good chemical and mechanical robustness, as well as S-poisoning resistance. Further investigation is needed for unraveling the understanding, design and selection principles of this new class of nanostructure based monolithic catalysts.

Gao, Pu-Xian

2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanostructured materials 3d" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Effect of Material Strain on Embedded Quantum Dot Fluorescence ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Approaching Multimaterial 3D Nanostructured Gas Phase Nanoxerographic Printers · Carbon Nanotube Coatings Laser Power and Energy Measurements.

122

Incorporation of Novel Nanostructured Materials into Solar Cells and Nanoelectronic Devices  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Each of the investigators on this project has had significant accomplishments toward the production of semiconductor nanoparticles, particles, and thin films and attempts to incorporate these materials into photovoltaics or sensors; to use them for improving fluorescence diagnostics; or to employ them as cancer fighting agents. The synthesis and characterization of the nanomaterials, and more recently the device construction and testing of these materials, have been the subject of several publications and presentations by team members. During the course of the investigations, several students were fully involved as part of their graduate and undergraduate training. The nature of these projects in material development dictates that the students have gained significant experience in a diverse array of material-related topics.

Rodriguez, Rene; Pak, Joshua; Holland, Andrew; Hunt, Alan; Bitterwolf, Thomas; Qiang, You; Bergman, Leah; Berven, Christine; Punnoose, Alex; Tenne, Dmitri

2011-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

123

Nanostructured thin film thermoelectric composite materials using conductive polymer PEDOT:PSS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermoelectric materials have the ability to convert heat directly into electricity. This clean energy technology has advantages over other renewable technologies in that it requires no sunlight, has no moving parts, and ...

Kuryak, Chris A. (Chris Adam)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

High performance Na-doped PbTe-PbS thermoelectric materials: electronic density of states modification and shaped-controlled nanostructures.  

SciTech Connect

Thermoelectric heat-to-power generation is an attractive option for robust and environmentally friendly renewable energy production. Historically, the performance of thermoelectric materials has been limited by low efficiencies, related to the thermoelectric figure-of-merit ZT. Nanostructuring thermoelectric materials have shown to enhance ZT primarily via increasing phonon scattering, beneficially reducing lattice thermal conductivity. Conversely, density-of-states (DOS) engineering has also enhanced electronic transport properties. However, successfully joining the two approaches has proved elusive. Herein, we report a thermoelectric materials system whereby we can control both nanostructure formations to effectively reduce thermal conductivity, while concurrently modifying the electronic structure to significantly enhance thermoelectric power factor. We report that the thermoelectric system PbTe-PbS 12% doped with 2% Na produces shape-controlled cubic PbS nanostructures, which help reduce lattice thermal conductivity, while altering the solubility of PbS within the PbTe matrix beneficially modifies the DOS that allow for enhancements in thermoelectric power factor. These concomitant and synergistic effects result in a maximum ZT for 2% Na-doped PbTe-PbS 12% of 1.8 at 800 K.

Girard, S. N.; He, J.; Zhou, X.; Shoemaker, D.; Jaworski, C. M.; Uher, C.; Dravid, V. P.; Heremans, J. P.; Kanatzidis, M. G. (Materials Science Division); (Northwestern Univ.); (Univ. Michigan-Ann Arbor); (Ohio State Univ.)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Climate Change Capacity Development (C3D+) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

C3D+) C3D+) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Climate Change Capacity Development (C3D+) Name Climate Change Capacity Development (C3D+) Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) Partner Caribbean Climate Change Community Centre (CCCCC), Climate System Analysis Group at UCT Cape Town (CSAG), Environment and Development Action in the Third World (ENDA-TM), University of Cape Town-Energy Research Centre, South Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP), Munasinghe Institute (MIND), Center for International Forestry Research, International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD), Stockholm Environment Institute Sector Climate Topics Low emission development planning Resource Type Training materials

126

Multiscale Studies of the Formation and Stability of Surface-based Nanostructures, DOE Computational Materials Science Network - Final Report  

SciTech Connect

Summary of work performed under DOE-CMSN/FG0205ER46227, Multiscale Studies of the Formation and Stability of Surface-based Nanostructures, listing publications, collaborations, and presentations.

Einstein, Theodore L.

2011-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

127

Research on Nano Fe2O3 Film Coated on Surface of 3D-Meshwork ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Stellite Coatings on Hot Work Tool Steels for Tooling Applications in Semi-Solid Processing of Steels · Surface Modification of Nanostructured Materials for ...

128

NANOSTRUCTURE PATTERNING UNDER ENERGETIC PARTICLE BEAM IRRADIATION  

SciTech Connect

Energetic ion bombardment can lead to the development of complex and diverse nanostructures on or beneath the material surface through induced self-organization processes. These self-organized structures have received particular interest recently as promising candidates as simple, inexpensive, and large area patterns, whose optical, electronic and magnetic properties are different from those in the bulk materials [1-5]. Compared to the low mass efficiency production rate of lithographic methods, these self-organized approaches display new routes for the fabrication of nanostructures over large areas in a short processing time at the nanoscale, beyond the limits of lithography [1,4]. Although it is believed that surface nanostructure formation is based on the morphological instability of the sputtered surface, driven by a kinetic balance between roughening and smoothing actions [6,7], the fundamental mechanisms and experimental conditions for the formation of these nanostructures has still not been well established, the formation of the 3-D naopatterns beneath the irradiated surface especially needs more exploration. During the last funding period, we have focused our efforts on irradiation-induced nanostructures in a broad range of materials. These structures have been studied primarily through in situ electron microscopy during electron or ion irradiation. In particular, we have performed studies on 3-D void/bubble lattices (in metals and CaF2), embedded sponge-like porous structure with uniform nanofibers in irradiated semiconductors (Ge, GaSb, and InSb), 2-D highly ordered pattern of nanodroplets (on the surface of GaAs), hexagonally ordered nanoholes (on the surface of Ge), and 1-D highly ordered ripple and periodic arrays (of Cu nanoparticles) [3,8-11]. The amazing common feature in those nanopatterns is the uniformity of the size of nanoelements (nanoripples, nanodots, nanovoids or nanofibers) and the distance separating them. Our research focuses on the understanding of fundamental scientific basis for the irradiation-induced self-organization processes. The fundamental physical mechanisms underlying ordered pattern formation, which include defect production and migration, ion sputtering, redeposition, viscous flow and diffusion, are investigated through a combination of modeling and in situ and ex-situ observations [3,9,11]. In addition, these nanostructured materials exhibit considerable improvement of optical properties [9,12,13]. For example, patterned Ge with a hexagonally ordered, honeycomb-like structure of nanoscale holes possesses a high surface area and a considerably blue-shifted energy gap [9], and oxidation of ordered Ga droplets shows noticeable enhancement of optical transmission [12]. This research has addressed nanopattern formation in a variety of materials under ion bombardment and provided a fundamental understanding of the dynamic mechanisms involved. In addition, have also stared to systematically investigate pattern formation under ion irradiation for more systems with varied experimental conditions and computation, including the collaboration with Dr. Veena Tikare of Sandia National Laboratory with a hybrid computation method at the ending this grant. A more detailed relationship between nanostructure formation and experimental conditions will be revealed with our continued efforts.

Wang, Lumin [Regents of the University of Michigan; Lu, Wei [Regents of the University of Michigan

2013-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

129

Optimizing the Binding Energy of Hydrogen on Nanostructured Carbon Materials through Structure Control and Chemical Doping  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The second phase of the project involved developing a low-cost and scalable approach for the synthesis of microporous carbon materials with well-controlled pore sizes that would be suitable for hydrogen storage. The team studied several approaches, including the use of different zeolites as a template, the use of organic micelle structures as a template, and the slow oxidation of polymer precursors. Among them, the slow activation of Polyether ether ketone (PEEK) under either CO2 environment or H2O vapor produced microporous carbon with an average pore size of less than 2 nm. Initial testing at 77K at both NREL and the California Institute of Technology (CalTech) showed that these materials can store ~5.1 wt% hydrogen (excess) at 40 bar and 77K. The main feature to note with this material is that while the excess gravimetric capacities (>5 wt% at 77K) and specific surface areas (>3100 m2/g) are similar to AX-21 and other “super activated” commercial carbon sorbents at the same temperatures and pressures, due to the smaller pore sizes, bulk densities greater than 0.7 g/ml can be achieved, enabling excess volumetric capacities greater than 35 g/L; more than double that of AX-21.

Jie Liu

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Vanadium oxide based nanostructured materials for catalytic oxidative dehydrogenation of propane : effect of heterometallic centers on the catalyst performance.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Catalytic properties of a series of new class of catalysts materials-[Co{sub 3}(H{sub 2}O){sub 12}V{sub 18}O{sub 42} (XO{sub 4})].24H{sub 2}O (VNM-Co), [Fe{sub 3}(H{sub 2}O){sub 12}V{sub 18}O{sub 42}(XO{sub 4})].24H{sub 2}O (VNM-Fe) (X = V, S) and [H{sub 6}Mn{sub 3}(H{sub 2}O){sub 12}V{sub 18}O{sub 42}(VO{sub 4})].30H{sub 2}O for the oxidative dehydrogenation of propane is studied. The open-framework nanostructures in these novel materials consist of three-dimensional arrays of {l_brace}V{sub 18}O{sub 42}(XO{sub 4}){r_brace} (X = V, S) clusters interconnected by {l_brace}-O-M-O-{r_brace} (M = Mn, Fe, Co) linkers. The effect of change in the heterometallic center M (M = Mn, Co, Fe) of the linkers on the catalyst performance was studied. The catalyst material with Co in the linker showed the best performance in terms of propane conversion and selectivity at 350 C. The material containing Fe was most active but least selective and Mn containing catalyst was least active. The catalysts were characterized by Temperature Programmed Reduction (TPR), BET surface area measurement, Diffuse Reflectance Infrared Fourier Transform Spectroscopy, and X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy. TPR results show that all three catalysts are easily reducible and therefore are active at relatively low temperature. In situ X-ray absorption near edge spectroscopy (XANES) and extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy (EXAFS) studies revealed that the oxidation state of Co(II) remained unchanged up to 425 C (even after pretreatment). The reduction of Co(II) into metallic form starts at 425 C and this process is completed at 600 C.

Khan, M. I.; Deb, S.; Aydemir, K.; Alwarthan, A. A.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Miller, J. T.; Marshall, C. L. (Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division); (Illinois Inst. of Tech.); (King Saud Univ.)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

3D assembly and actuation of nanopatterned membranes using nanomagnets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new method for aligning and actuating membranes for 3D nano-assembly based on the interactions of nanomagnets has been developed. Arrays of nanopatterned magnetic material are integrated onto thin-film membranes. It is ...

Nichol, Anthony John

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Energy Savings in 3-D | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy savings in 3-D Energy savings in 3-D ORNL researchers show production, energy advantages of additive manufacturing ORNL 3-D printer in use. ORNL 3-D printer in use. Researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory are working with aircraft makers to determine energy savings through the use of additive manufacturing, also known as 3-D printing. Sachin Nimbalkar and his ORNL colleagues are printing airplane parts to show additive manufacturing's potential as a technology that should be considered foundational to processes seeking more energy efficiency. Additive manufacturing builds products precisely, layer by layer, and is distinctly different from traditional subtractive manufacturing processes, which take raw material and cut it down into a desired shape and size.

133

Synthesis of Nanostructured TiO2 /Carbon Nanotube Heterojunction ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Microstructural Evolution of SnS Thin Films Grown by Electrodeposition · Morphology Engineering of 1D, 2D and 3D TiO2 Nanostructures and Their Application ...

134

Nanostructured Materials Meetings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... January 22-27, 2011 Various Symposia on Nanomaterials, SPIE Photonics West Conference, The Moscone Center, San Francisco, California ...

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

3D metamaterials for the thermal infrared.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Metamaterials form a new class of artificial electromagnetic materials that provides the device designer with the ability to manipulate the flow of electromagnetic energy in ways that are not achievable with naturally occurring materials. However, progress toward practical implementation of metamaterials, particularly at infrared and visible frequencies, has been hampered by a combination of absorptive losses; the narrow band nature of the resonant metamaterial response; and the difficulty in fabricating fully 3-dimensional structures. They describe the progress of a recently initiated program at Sandia National Laboratories directed toward the development of practical 3D metamaterials operating in the thermal infrared. They discuss their analysis of fundamental loss limits for different classes of metamaterials. In addition, they discuss new design approaches that they are pursuing which reduce the reliance on metallic structures in an effort to minimize ohmic losses.

Sinclair, Michael B.; Brener, Igal; Wendt, Joel Robert; Burckel, David Bruce; Ten Eyck, Gregory A.

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

Nanostructured Metal Oxide Anodes (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This summarizes NREL's FY09 battery materials research activity in developing metal oxide nanostructured anodes to enable high-energy, durable and affordable li-ion batteries for HEVs and PHEVs.

Dillon, A. C.; Riley, L. A.; Lee, S.-H.; Kim, Y.-H.; Ban, C.; Gillaspie, D. T.; Pesaran, A.

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Nanostructured Metal Oxide Anodes (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This summarizes NREL's FY09 battery materials research activity in developing metal oxide nanostructured anodes to enable high-energy, durable and affordable li-ion batteries for HEVs and PHEVs.

Dillon, A. C.; Riley, L. A.; Lee, S.-H.; Kim, Y.-H.; Ban, C.; Gillaspie, D. T.; Pesaran, A.

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Nanostructured Vanadium Oxide for Supercapacitor Electrodes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Carbon-Sulfur Nanocomposite Cathode Materials for Lithium-Sulfur Batteries · Carbonized Chicken Eggshell Membranes with 3D Architectures as ...

139

High throughput 3-D tissue cytometry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents the ongoing technological development of high throughput 3-D tissue cytometry.and its applications in biomedicine. 3-D tissue cytometry has been developed in our laboratory based on two-photon microscopy ...

Kwon, Hyuk-Sang, 1971-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

A view-sequential 3D display  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis outlines the various techniques for creating electronic 3D displays and analyzes their commercial potential. The thesis argues for the use of view-sequential techniques in the design of 3D displays based on ...

Cossairt, Oliver S. (Oliver Strider), 1978-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanostructured materials 3d" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

3D Shape Searching for Manufacturing Apps.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

3D Shape Searching for Manufacturing Applications. Principal Investigator: Afzal Godil (301) 975-4262 afzal.godil@nist.gov. ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

142

Liquid cooling for 3D-ICs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigated micro-channel based liquid cooling in 3D-ICs. Specifically, the structure of 3D-IC with micro-channels, and its thermal/hydrodynamic modeling are studied. Also, the design challenges of micro-channel heat sinks in 3D-IC are summarized. Keywords: microchannel heat sink, liquid cooling, 3D-IC, thermal modeling, hydrodynamic modeling

Bing Shi; Ankur Srivastava

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

3-D Space as New Frontier  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... of an MP3 song file. And artists are experimenting with creating unconventional 3-D works. Adding a spatial dimension ...

144

Characterizing 3D shapes using fractal dimension  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Developments in techniques for modeling and digitizing have made the use of 3D models popular to a large number of new applications. With the diffusion and spreading of 3D models employment, the demand for efficient search and retrieval methods is high. ... Keywords: 3D shape descriptor, complexity, fractal dimension

Danilo Medeiros Eler; Rosane Minghim; Odemir Martinez Bruno / André Ricardo Backes

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

VISUALS: 3-D Animation of Dislocation Glide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 12, 2007 ... Animation of edge-screw dislocation glide. Citation: van der Pluijm, Ben. "3-D Animation of Dislocation Glide." Teach the Earth: The SERC ...

146

Thermobonded 3D Nonwoven Wool Structures.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The aims of this study were to form uncompressed thermobonded 3D wool nonwoven shell structures in one continuous process, and to study the controlling factors… (more)

Nassar, Khaled Mansour Abd el hafez

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

3-D Motion Estimation Using Range Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Digital Object Identifier 10.1109/TITS.2006.883112 ... sequences were constructed via 3-D object-oriented graphics library (OOGL) files. ... SPIE—Adv. ...

2009-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

148

Extracting and depicting the 3D shape of specular surfaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many materials including water, plastic and metal have specular surface characteristics. Specular reflections have commonly been considered a nuisance for the recovery of object shape. However, the way that reflections are distorted across the surface ... Keywords: 3D shape perception, model of cortical form processing, non-photorealistic rendering

Ulrich Weidenbacher; Pierre Bayerl; Roland Fleming; Heiko Neumann

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

On Volume Based 3D Display Techniques  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the case of certain applications in which a need exists to visualize and interact with voluminous data sets and complex 3-D geometrical models, the conventional computer interface inhibits key human-computer interaction processes. Here, several deficiencies ... Keywords: 3-D Display, Cathode Ray Sphere, Computed Holography, Electroholography, Image Space, Static-Volume Display, Swept-Volume Display, Varifocal Display, Visualization, Volumetric Display

Barry G. Blundell

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

A Memory Efficient 3-D DWT Architecture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes a memory efficientreal-time 3-D DWT algorithm and its architectural implementation. As the running JD-DWT refreshes the wavelet coefficients with the arrival of every two newframes, the latency of the conventional 3D-DWT reduces by ...

B. Das; Swapna Banerjee

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

3D Simulations in Environmental Impact Assessment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The increase of petrol cost and the failure of Kyoto agreement generated huge investments in renewable energy sources. In recent times a lot of local authorities allowed wind farm location. In many cases, environmental impact assessments do not take ... Keywords: 3D CAD models, 3D GIS analysis, Multimedia techniques, Viewshed, Visual impact assessment, Wind farm

Maria Danese; Giuseppe Las Casas; Beniamino Murgante

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Edge structure preserving 3-D image denoising  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In various applications, including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and functional MRI (fMRI), 3- D images get increasingly popular. To improve reliability of subsequent image analyses, 3-D image denoising is often a necessary pre-processing step, which ... Keywords: edge-preserving image restoration, jump regression analysis, surface estimation

Peihua Qiu; Partha Sarathi Mukherjee

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Hardware trust implications of 3-D integration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

3-D circuit-level integration is a chip fabrication technique in which two or more dies are stacked and combined into a single circuit through the use of vertical electroconductive posts. Since the dies may be manufactured separately, 3-D circuit integration ...

Ted Huffmire; Timothy Levin; Michael Bilzor; Cynthia E. Irvine; Jonathan Valamehr; Mohit Tiwari; Timothy Sherwood; Ryan Kastner

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

3-D Model for Deactivation & Decommissioning | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3-D Model for Deactivation & Decommissioning 3-D Model for Deactivation & Decommissioning The design and production of 3-D scale models that replicate the highly contaminated...

155

SHREC 2010 - Shape Retrieval Contest based on Generic 3D ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... this track is to evaluate the performance of 3D shape retrieval approaches on a Generic 3D shape benchmark based on the Google 3D Warehouse. ...

156

ISReal: an open platform for semantic-based 3D simulations in the 3D internet  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the first open and cross-disciplinary 3D Internet research platform, called ISReal, for intelligent 3D simulation of realities. Its core innovation is the comprehensively integrated application of semantic Web technologies, semantic services, ...

Patrick Kapahnke; Pascal Liedtke; Stefan Nesbigall; Stefan Warwas; Matthias Klusch

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Special Section on 3D Object Retrieval: Efficient 3D object recognition using foveated point clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent hardware technologies have enabled acquisition of 3D point clouds from real world scenes in real time. A variety of interactive applications with the 3D world can be developed on top of this new technological scenario. However, a main problem ... Keywords: 3D object recognition, Moving fovea, Point cloud

Rafael Beserra Gomes, Bruno Marques Ferreira Da Silva, Lourena Karin De Medeiros Rocha, Rafael Vidal Aroca, Luiz Carlos Pacheco Rodrigues Velho, Luiz Marcos Garcia GonçAlves

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

3D Printing: High-impact Emerging Technology - What You Need to Know Definitions, Adoptions, Impact, Benefits, Maturity, Vendors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

3D printing is a form of additive manufacturing technology where a three dimensional object is created by laying down successive layers of material. 3D printers are generally faster, more affordable and easier to use than other additive manufacturing ...

Kevin Roebuck

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

AOCS Official Method Cd 3d-63  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Acid Value AOCS Official Method Cd 3d-63 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads Methods Downloads DEFINITION The acid value is the number of milligrams of potassium hydroxide necess

160

3D TORUS V1.0  

Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

002440MLTPL00 3D Torus Routing Engine Module for OFA OpenSM v. 1.0  http://www.openfabrics.org/git?p=sashak/management.git;a=sum 

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanostructured materials 3d" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

AOCS Official Method Ca 3d-02  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Determination of Sediment in Crude Fats and Oils—Centrifuge Method AOCS Official Method Ca 3d-02 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads Methods Downloads AOCS DEFINITION...

162

geom3d.html - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Line: AreConcurrent AreCoplanar AreParallel ArePerpendicular AreSkewLines ... In this case, the power of the geom3d package is dependent on the power of ...

163

Extending 2-D Smoothed Local Symmetries to 3-D  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3-D Smoothed Local Symmetries (3-D SLS's) are presented as a representation for three-dimensional shapes. 3-D SLS's make explicit the perceptually salient features of 3-D objects and are especially suited to representing ...

Braunegg, David J.

164

Graphenic Material for High Performance Li-Ion Battery Electrodes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

3D Nanostructured Bicontinuous Electrodes: Path to Ultra-High Power and Energy ... High Energy Density Lithium Capacitors Using Carbon-Carbon Electrodes.

165

Mechanical Behavior of Indium Nanostructures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mechanical Behavior of Indium Nanostructures Print Mechanical Behavior of Indium Nanostructures Print Indium is a key material in lead-free solder applications for microelectronics due to its excellent wetting properties, extended ductility, and high electrical conductivity. With the size of electronic devices continuing to shrink and the promise of indium-based nanotechnologies, it is important to develop a fundamental understanding of this material's small-scale mechanical properties and reliability. Researchers from the University of Waterloo, California Institute of Technology, and Los Alamos National Laboratory have collaborated with a team at ALS Beamline 12.3.2 to investigate the small-scale mechanics of indium nanostructures. Scanning x-ray microdiffraction (μSXRD) studies revealed that the indium microstructure is typical of a well-annealed metal, containing very few initial dislocations and showing close-to-theoretical strength.

166

Mechanical Behavior of Indium Nanostructures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mechanical Behavior of Indium Nanostructures Print Mechanical Behavior of Indium Nanostructures Print Indium is a key material in lead-free solder applications for microelectronics due to its excellent wetting properties, extended ductility, and high electrical conductivity. With the size of electronic devices continuing to shrink and the promise of indium-based nanotechnologies, it is important to develop a fundamental understanding of this material's small-scale mechanical properties and reliability. Researchers from the University of Waterloo, California Institute of Technology, and Los Alamos National Laboratory have collaborated with a team at ALS Beamline 12.3.2 to investigate the small-scale mechanics of indium nanostructures. Scanning x-ray microdiffraction (μSXRD) studies revealed that the indium microstructure is typical of a well-annealed metal, containing very few initial dislocations and showing close-to-theoretical strength.

167

Mechanical Behavior of Indium Nanostructures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mechanical Behavior of Indium Nanostructures Print Mechanical Behavior of Indium Nanostructures Print Indium is a key material in lead-free solder applications for microelectronics due to its excellent wetting properties, extended ductility, and high electrical conductivity. With the size of electronic devices continuing to shrink and the promise of indium-based nanotechnologies, it is important to develop a fundamental understanding of this material's small-scale mechanical properties and reliability. Researchers from the University of Waterloo, California Institute of Technology, and Los Alamos National Laboratory have collaborated with a team at ALS Beamline 12.3.2 to investigate the small-scale mechanics of indium nanostructures. Scanning x-ray microdiffraction (μSXRD) studies revealed that the indium microstructure is typical of a well-annealed metal, containing very few initial dislocations and showing close-to-theoretical strength.

168

Novel photonic phenomena in nanostructured material systems with applications and mid-range efficient insensitive wireless energy-transfer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A set of novel mechanisms for the manipulation of light in the nanoscale is provided. In the class of all-dielectric material systems, techniques for the suppression of radiative loss from incomplete-photonic-bandgap ...

Karalis, Aristeidis, 1978-

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Direct-Write of Silicon and Germanium Nanostructures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

29 June 2011 00:00 Nanostructured materials (nanowires, nanotubes, nanoclusters, graphene) are attractive possible alternatives to traditionally microfabricated silicon in...

170

Evaluating Extensible 3D (X3D) Graphics For Use in Software Visualisation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??3D web software visualisation has always been expensive, special purpose, and hard to program. Most of the technologies used require large amounts of scripting, are… (more)

Anslow, Craig

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

3D-Printerens Udbredelse; The Diffusion of the 3D-Printer.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This Paper investigates the 3D Printers curent state of diffusion and impact on modernity with use of Rogers theory of diffusion of innovation in relation… (more)

Lindhardt, Tobias

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

An FPGA-based 3D Graphics System; Ett FPGA-baserat 3D-grafiksystem.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This report documents the work done by the author to design and implement a 3D graphics system on an FPGA (Field Programmable Gate Array).… (more)

Knutsson, Niklas

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

3D engine for immersive virtual environments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this project is to develop a software framework, a 3D engine, which will generate images to be projected onto facets of a spatially immersive display (SID). The goal is to develop a software library to support the creation of images of specified 3D environments which are specific to the display geometries of a polyhedral class of SIDs. Part of this goal is developing auxiliary software to allow this library to be thoroughly tested. When properly working, the images being displayed on adjoining faces of the SID appear spatially and temporally consistent with one another, creating the illusion that the user is within a surrounding three-dimensional space.

Anderson, Christopher Dean

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Nanostructures, magnetic semiconductors and spintronics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The aim of this paper is to give a brief overview of recent advances in the area of semiconductor nanomaterials, which represent extremely promising applications for materials with the spin-polarized transport of the charge carriers. It is shown on the ... Keywords: Magnetic properties, Nanostructure, Semiconductor, Spin-polarized transport, Spintronics

Paata Kervalishvili; Alexander Lagutin

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Geometric Approach to Hole Segmentation and Hole Closing in 3D Volumetric Objects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hole segmentation (or hole filling) and hole closing in 3D volumetric objects, visualised in tomographic images, has many potential applications in material science and medicine. On the other hand there is no algorithm for hole segmentation in 3D volumetric ...

Marcin Janaszewski; Michel Couprie; Laurent Babout

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

3-D Airflow Measurement Using Smoke Particles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new 3-D PIV-technique that is applicable to low velocity airflow in a real space such as indoor airflow is proposed, and its performance is inspected through a simulation and an experimental application. In this technique, two parallel planes separated ... Keywords: PIV, indoor airflow, pattern tracking, simulation, wind tunnel experiment

A. Kaga; K. Yamaguchi; Y. Inoue; A. Kondo

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

3-D hydro + cascade model at RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a 3-D hydro + cascade model in which viscosity and a realistic freezeout process for the hadronic phase are taken into account. We compare our results to experimental data and discuss the finite state interaction effects on physical observables.

Chiho Nonaka; Steffen A. Bass

2005-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

178

Blender 3D Architecture, Buildings, and Scenery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

DETAIL This book will show you how to create realistic architectural models in Blender. Blender is an open-source 3D animation program released as free software. It can be used for modeling, texturing, skinning, animating, and so on. It runs on all the ...

Allan Brito

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

3-D hydro + cascade model at RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a 3-D hydro + cascade model in which viscosity and a realistic freezeout process for the hadronic phase are taken into account. We compare our results to experimental data and discuss the finite state interaction effects on physical observables.

Nonaka, C; Nonaka, Chiho; Bass, Steffen A.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Joint watermarking and progressive geometric compression of 3D meshes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the ever-increasing development of digital technologies and digital 3D models, the question of 3D mesh protection has becoming more and more important. One of the problems in digital watermarking is to decide how to embed in a 3D mesh as many bits ... Keywords: 3D compression, blind watermarking, dither modulation, semi-regular 3D meshes, wavelet transform

Ines Bouzidi; Azza Ouled Zaid; Meha Hachani; William Puech

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanostructured materials 3d" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Interfacing nanostructures to biological cells  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed herein are methods and materials by which nanostructures such as carbon nanotubes, nanorods, etc. are bound to lectins and/or polysaccharides and prepared for administration to cells. Also disclosed are complexes comprising glycosylated nanostructures, which bind selectively to cells expressing glycosylated surface molecules recognized by the lectin. Exemplified is a complex comprising a carbon nanotube functionalized with a lipid-like alkane, linked to a polymer bearing repeated .alpha.-N-acetylgalactosamine sugar groups. This complex is shown to selectively adhere to the surface of living cells, without toxicity. In the exemplified embodiment, adherence is mediated by a multivalent lectin, which binds both to the cells and the .alpha.-N-acetylgalactosamine groups on the nanostructure.

Chen, Xing; Bertozzi, Carolyn R.; Zettl, Alexander K.

2012-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

182

Making 3D work: a classification of visual depth cues, 3D display technologies and their applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

3D display technologies improve perception and interaction with 3D scenes, and hence can make applications more effective and efficient. This is achieved by simulating depth cues used by the human visual system for 3D perception. The type of employed ... Keywords: 3D display technologies, applications of 3D display technologies, classification, depth cues, stereo perception

Mostafa Mehrabi, Edward M. Peek, Burkhard C. Wuensche, Christof Lutteroth

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Loss compensated negative index material at optical wavelengths  

SciTech Connect

We present a computational approach, allowing for a self-consistent treatment of three-dimensional (3D) fishnet metamaterial operating at 710 nm wavelength coupled to a gain material incorporated into the nanostructure. We show numerically that loss-free negative index material is achievable by incorporating gain material inside the fishnet structure. The effective gain coefficient of the combined fishnet-gain system is much larger than its bulk counterpart and the figure-of-merit (FOM = | Re(n)/Im(n) |) increases dramatically with gain. Transmission, reflection, and absorption data, as well as the retrieved effective parameters, are presented for the fishnet structure with and without gain.

Fang, Anan; Huang, Zhixiang; Koschny, Thomas; Soukoulis, Costas M.

2012-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

184

3-D Model for Deactivation & Decommissioning  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Project & Identifier Project & Identifier Tech Stage: Deployment In-Situ Decommissioning: SR09171 SRS Area Closure Projects: PBS SR-0040 3-D models of the R reactor building and P reactor vessel were delivered to SRS Area Closure Projects Page 1 of 2 Tech Fact Sheet Savannah River Site South Carolina 3-D Model for Deactivation & Decommissioning Challenge Planning for the safe and controlled deactivation and decommissioning (D&D) of highly contaminated nuclear facilities requires that engineers and managers fully understand the work space in which personnel and equipment will operate. It also requires that they effectively communicate safety concerns and work sequences to the personnel who will perform the work. This crucial knowledge is conveyed in

185

3-D Metals | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Metals Metals Jump to: navigation, search Name 3-D Metals Facility 3-D Metals Sector Wind energy Facility Type Small Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Location Valley City OH Coordinates 41.2481362°, -81.88305616° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.2481362,"lon":-81.88305616,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

186

3D Technology for intelligent trackers  

SciTech Connect

At Super-LHC luminosity it is expected that the standard suite of level 1 triggers for CMS will saturate. Information from the tracker will be needed to reduce trigger rates to satisfy the level 1 bandwidth. Tracking trigger modules which correlate information from closely-spaced sensor layers to form an on-detector momentum filter are being developed by several groups. We report on a trigger module design which utilizes three dimensional integrated circuit technology incorporating chips which are connected both to the top and bottom sensor, providing the ability to filter information locally. A demonstration chip, the VICTR, has been submitted to the Chartered/Tezzaron two-tier 3D run coordinated by Fermilab. We report on the 3D design concept, the status of the VICTR chip and associated sensor integration utilizing oxide bonding.

Lipton, Ronald; /Fermilab

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

3D Technologies for Large Area Trackers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe technologies which can be developed to produce large area, low cost pixelated tracking detec- tors. These utilize wafer-scale 3D electronics and sensor technologies currently being developed in industry. This can result in fully active sensor/readout chip tiles which can be assembled into large area arrays with good yield and minimal dead area. The ability to connect though the bulk of the device can also provide better electrical performance and lower mass.

Deptuch, G; Johnson, M; Kenney, C; Lipton, R; Narian, M; Parker, S; Shenai, A; Spiegel, L; Thom, J; Ye, Z

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

3D Technologies for Large Area Trackers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe technologies which can be developed to produce large area, low cost pixelated tracking detec- tors. These utilize wafer-scale 3D electronics and sensor technologies currently being developed in industry. This can result in fully active sensor/readout chip tiles which can be assembled into large area arrays with good yield and minimal dead area. The ability to connect though the bulk of the device can also provide better electrical performance and lower mass.

G. Deptuch; U. Heintz; M. Johnson; C. Kenney; R. Lipton; M. Narian; S. Parker; A. Shenai; L. Spiegel; J. Thom; Z. Ye

2013-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

189

SHREC 2013 - Large Scale Sketch-Based 3D Shape ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... It is also popular and important for related applications such as sketch-based modeling and recognition, as well as 3D animation production via 3D ...

190

Available Technologies: Integrated Profiling of 3D Cell ...  

Integrated Profiling of 3D Cell Culture Models and 3D Microscopy. 2013-177. ABSTRACT: Researchers at Berkeley Lab have developed a screening platform ...

191

3-D Interpretation Of Magnetotelluric Data At The Bajawa Geothermal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

3-D Interpretation Of Magnetotelluric Data At The Bajawa Geothermal Field, Indonesia Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: 3-D...

192

Restructuring of RELAP5-3D  

SciTech Connect

The RELAP5-3D source code is unstructured with many interwoven logic flow paths. By restructuring the code, it becomes easier to read and understand, which reduces the time and money required for code development, debugging, and maintenance. A structured program is comprised of blocks of code with one entry and exit point and downward logic flow. IF tests and DO loops inherently create structured code, while GOTO statements are the main cause of unstructured code. FOR_STRUCT is a commercial software package that converts unstructured FORTRAN into structured programming; it was used to restructure individual subroutines. Primarily it transforms GOTO statements, ARITHMETIC IF statements, and COMPUTED GOTO statements into IF-ELSEIF-ELSE tests and DO loops. The complexity of RELAP5-3D complicated the task. First, FOR_STRUCT cannot completely restructure all the complex coding contained in RELAP5-3D. An iterative approach of multiple FOR_STRUCT applications gave some additional improvements. Second, FOR_STRUCT cannot restructure FORTRAN 90 coding, and RELAP5-3D is partially written in FORTRAN 90. Unix scripts for pre-processing subroutines into coding that FOR_STRUCT could handle and post-processing it back into FORTRAN 90 were written. Finally, FOR_STRUCT does not have the ability to restructure the RELAP5-3D code which contains pre-compiler directives. Variations of a file were processed with different pre-compiler options switched on or off, ensuring that every block of code was restructured. Then the variations were recombined to create a completely restructured source file. Unix scripts were written to perform these tasks, as well as to make some minor formatting improvements. In total, 447 files comprising some 180,000 lines of FORTRAN code were restructured. These showed significant reduction in the number of logic jumps contained as measured by reduction in the number of GOTO statements and line labels. The average number of GOTO statements per subroutine dropped from 8.8 before restructuring to 5.3 afterwards, a reduction of 40%. The maximum number of GOTO statements in any subroutine dropped from 213 to 99, a factor of 2.1. Finally, the maximum number of statement labels dropped from 210 to 43, a factor of nearly 5. While many blocks of code remain unstructured, a much greater fraction of the code is now structured. These measurements indicate a serious reduction in degree of interweaving of logic paths.

George Mesina; Joshua Hykes

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Novel Ferroelectric Nanostructures for Nanoelectronic Devices  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Scientific Highlight 31 March 2008 Novel Ferroelectric Nanostructures for Nanoelectronic Devices New approaches to the fabrication of ferroelectric nanostructures onto substrates are critical for the development of competitive functional devices that successfully integrate at nanoscale ferroelectrics as alternative materials in the microelectronic industry. These approaches have to meet reliability and utilization requirements to realize a cost-effective production of an increasing demand for ultra-high-density memories or nanometric electromechanical systems. An important challenge in the fabrication of ferroelectric nanomaterials supported onto substrates is the ability to fabricate an organized arrangement of the nanostructures. This is a key point for the applications of ferroelectrics in nanoelectronic devices.

194

Ceramic nanostructures and methods of fabrication  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Structures and methods for the fabrication of ceramic nanostructures. Structures include metal particles, preferably comprising copper, disposed on a ceramic substrate. The structures are heated, preferably in the presence of microwaves, to a temperature that softens the metal particles and preferably forms a pool of molten ceramic under the softened metal particle. A nano-generator is created wherein ceramic material diffuses through the molten particle and forms ceramic nanostructures on a polar site of the metal particle. The nanostructures may comprise silica, alumina, titania, or compounds or mixtures thereof.

Ripley, Edward B. (Knoxville, TN); Seals, Roland D. (Oak Ridge, TN); Morrell, Jonathan S. (Knoxville, TN)

2009-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

195

3D Materials Science 2012: Housing and Travel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Corporate sponsorships offer high visibility at the conference banquet and receptions, coffee and refreshment breaks, and attendee social activities, as well as ...

196

3D Materials Science 2014: Housing and Travel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Corporate sponsorships offer high visibility at the conference banquet and receptions, coffee and refreshment breaks, and attendee social activities, as well as ...

197

Directed 3D Self Assembly of Reconfigurable Materials John Prater ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

performance. Some of the new technologies emerging from these activities could include the development of active camouflaging systems that mimic natural ...

198

3-D Materials Science using Polychromatic Synchrotron X-Ray ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... beamline with submicron spatial resolution at the Advanced Photon Source. ... Sciences and Engineering Division; UNI-XOR support at APS by DOE-BES.

199

3D Materials Science 2012: Housing and Travel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For a map and directions from your city use Google Maps at maps.google.com. Destination address: 777 Waterwheel Drive, Seven Springs, PA 15622

200

International Conference on 3D Materials Science 2012  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dec 1, 2011 ... P1-19: Microstructural Analysis of MgB2 Superconducting Wires by Electron Microscopy and X-ray Computed Tomography.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanostructured materials 3d" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Integrated Material Characterization Property Prediction Using 3D ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bayesian inference of grain boundary properties from heterogeneous data · Comparison of Novel Microstructure Quantification Frameworks for Visualization,  ...

202

Lattice Heat Capacity of Mesoscopic Nanostructures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a rigorous full quantum mechanical model for the lattice heat capacity of mesoscopic nanostructures in various dimensions. Model can be applied to arbitrary nanostructures with known vibrational spectrum in zero, one, two, or three dimensions. The limiting case of infinitely sized multi-dimensional materials are also found, which are in agreement with well-known results. As examples, we obtain the heat capacity of fullerenes.

Gharekhanlou, B; Vafai, A

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Comparison of stochastic filtering methods for 3D tracking  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the recent years, the 3D visual research has gained momentum with publications appearing for all aspects of 3D including visual tracking. This paper presents a review of the literature published for 3D visual tracking over the past five years. The ... Keywords: 3D tracking, Articulated object tracking, Condensation algorithm, Kalman filter, Motion cue, Particle filter

Yasir Salih; Aamir Saeed Malik

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

AgentCubes: Incremental 3D end-user development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

3D game development can be an enticing way to attract K-12 students to computer science, but designing and programming 3D games is far from trivial. Students need to achieve a certain level of 3D fluency in modeling, animation, and programming to be ... Keywords: Computational thinking, End-user development, Game design, IT fluency, Incremental 3D, Visual programming

Andri Ioannidou; Alexander Repenning; David C. Webb

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Natural Language Generation Journeys to Interactive 3D Worlds*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as they explain and demonstrate complex phenomena. In 3D interactive fiction systems, user- directed avatars that charac- terize physical devices must be clearly explained. NLG delivered with speech synthesis will need of interactive 3D worlds: self- . ." explaining 3D environments, habitable 3D learning en- vironments

206

Electrospark Welding of Nanostructured Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Nanomaterials possess a microstructural length scale in at least ... and Microstructure of Tandem Submerged Arc Welded X80 Pipeline Steel.

207

Performance Enhanced Nanostructured Thermoelectric Materials ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... for applications in solar energy conversion and waste heat conversion. ... Bond Networks, Conduction Channels, and More: Diamond-like Compounds as a ...

208

Nanostructured Materials Programs and Projects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Microscopy of Carbon Nanotube Composites Last Updated Date: 07/01/2013 Carbon nanomaterials such as carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and ...

2010-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

209

Amorphous and Nanostructured Magnetocaloric Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 2, 2011 ... Magnetocaloric Studies in Binary Gd-X (X = B, Ga, & Mn) Alloys: Tanjore Jayaraman1; Laura Langemeier1; Mark Koten1; Jeffrey Shield1; ...

210

Nanostructured Materials for Magnetic Refrigeration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... of Nd-Fe-B Magnets to the Megawatt Scale Generator for the Wind Turbine ... Low Loss, High Power Density Magnetics in Inductor/Transformer Cores for Army  ...

211

Thermal via placement in 3D ICs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As thermal problems become more evident, new physical design paradigms and tools are needed to alleviate them. Incorporating thermal vias into integrated circuits (ICs) is a promising way of mitigating thermal issues by lowering the thermal resistance of the chip itself. However, thermal vias take up valuable routing space, and therefore, algorithms are needed to minimize their usage while placing them in areas where they would make the greatest impact. With the developing technology of three-dimensional integrated circuits (3D ICs), thermal problems are expected to be more prominent, and thermal vias can have a larger impact on them than in traditional 2D ICs. In this paper, thermal vias are assigned to specific areas of a 3D IC and used to adjust their effective thermal conductivities. The thermal via placement method makes iterative adjustments to these thermal conductivities in order to achieve a desired maximum temperature objective. Finite element analysis (FEA) is used in formulating the method and in calculating temperatures quickly during each iteration. As a result, the method efficiently achieves its thermal objective while minimizing the thermal via utilization.

Brent Goplen

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Characterization and Modeling of 3D Photovoltaics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2012. Symposium, Energy Conversion – Photovoltaic, Concentrating Solar Power, and ...

213

Vectorial Radio Interferometry with LOPES 3D  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One successful detection technique for high-energy cosmic rays is based on the radio signal emitted by the charged particles in an air shower. The LOPES experiment at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany, has made major contributions to the evolution of this technique. LOPES was reconfigured several times to improve and further develop the radio detection technique. In the latest setup LOPES consisted of 10 tripole antennas. With this, LOPES 3D was the first cosmic ray experiment measuring all three vectorial field components at once and thereby gaining the full information about the electric field vector. We present an analysis based on the data taken with special focus on the benefits of a direct measurement of the vertical polarization component. We demonstrate that by measuring all polarization components the detection and reconstruction efficiency is increased and noisy single channel data can be reconstructed by utilising the information from the other two channels of one antenna station.

Huber, D; Arteaga, J C; Bähren, L; Bekk, K; Bertaina, M; Biermann, P L; Blümer, J; Bozdog, H; Brancus, I M; Chiavassa, A; Daumiller, K; de Souza, V; Di Pierro, F; Doll, P; Engel, R; Falcke, H; Fuchs, B; Fuhrmann, D; Gemmeke, H; Grupen, C; Haungs, A; Heck, D; Hörandel, J R; Horneffer, A; Huege, T; Isar, P G; Kampert, K H; Kang, D; Krömer, O; Kuijpers, J; Link, K; ?uczak, P; Ludwig, M; Mathes, H J; Melissas, M; Morello, C; Oehlschläger, J; Palmieri, N; Pierog, T; Rautenberg, J; Rebel, H; Roth, M; Rühle, C; Saftoiu, A; Schieler, H; Schmid, A; Schröder, F G; Sima, O; Toma, G; Trinchero, G C; Weindl, A; Wochele, J; Wommer, M; Zabierowski, J; Zensus, J A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

3D Diagnostic Of Complex Plasma  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports the development of a three-dimensional(3D) dust particle position diagnostic for complex plasmas. A beam produce by Light Emitting Diodes(LEDs) is formed into horizontal sheet, for the illumination of the particles. The light sheet has a vertical colour gradient across its width, from two opposing colours. The light scattered from the particles is imaged with the camera from above. The horizontal coordinates are measured from the positions on the image. The third coordinate is determined from the colour which represents a position on the gradient of the light sheet. The use of LEDs as a light source reduces a variation in Mie scattered intensity from the particles due to the particle size distribution. The variation would induce a large vertical positional error.

Hall, Edward; Samsonov, Dmitry [Department of Electrical Engineering and Electronics, University of Liverpool, L69 3BX (United Kingdom)

2011-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

215

Harnessing Bulk Nano-Materials for High Pressure High Temperature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2011. Symposium, International Symposium on Advances in Nanostructured Materials and ...

216

CVD synthesis of hierarchical 3D MWCNT/carbon-fiber nanostructures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were synthesized by CVD on industrially manufactured highly crystalline vapor-grown carbon fibers (VGCFs). Two catalyst metals (Ni and Fe) and carbon precursor gases (C2H2 and CO) were studied. ...

Toma Susi; Albert G. Nasibulin; Hua Jiang; Esko I. Kauppinen

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Engineering Magnetic Anisotropy in Nanostructured 3d and 4f Ferromagnets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermomagnetic energy harvesting device using piezoelectricThermomagnetic energy harvesting device using piezoelectricusing piezoelectric elements to convert the magnetic energy

Hsu, Chin-Jui

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Argonne CNM News: Casimir Force Reduction through Nanostructuring  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Casimir Force Reduction through Nanostructuring Casimir Force Reduction through Nanostructuring Casimir force reduction (a) Configuration used to measure the Casimir force between a gold-coated sphere and a nanostructured grating. The sphere is attached to the torsional plate of a micromechanical oscillator and the nanostructured grating is fixed to a single-mode optical fiber. SEM images: (b) nanostructured grating limited by two uniform films (scale bar, 100 µm). (c) Magnified grating showing the high spatial uniformity (scale bar, 400 nm). (d) cross-section of a single grating element (scale bar, 100 nm). By nanostructuring one of two interacting metal surfaces at scales below the plasma wavelength, a new regime in the Casimir force was observed by researchers in the Center for Nanoscale Materials Nanofabrication & Devices

219

Hierarchical Microporous Materials: Rational and Designable ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Microstructural Evolution of SnS Thin Films Grown by Electrodeposition · Morphology Engineering of 1D, 2D and 3D TiO2 Nanostructures and Their Application ...

220

Freely movable ferromagnetic shape memory nanostructures for actuation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the design and fabrication of freely movable ferromagnetic shape memory nanostructures for actuation in nanometer dimensions. Ni-Mn-Ga is chosen as a transducer material as it combines the shape memory effect and ferromagnetic properties. ... Keywords: Electron beam lithography, Epitaxial Ni-Mn-Ga films, Ion beam etching, Nanostructures

M. Schmitt; A. Backen; S. FäHler; M. Kohl

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanostructured materials 3d" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

3D Visualization of Water Transport in Ferns  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3D Visualization of Water Transport in Ferns 3D Visualization of Water Transport in Ferns Print Monday, 08 April 2013 00:00 Plants transport water through elongated cells called...

222

Software: VARI3D - Nuclear Engineering Division (Argonne)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

OutLoud on Nuclear Energy Argonne Energy Showcase 2012 Software VARI3D (Perturbation Theory Codes) Bookmark and Share Standard Code Description VARI3D is a generalized...

223

Software: DIF3D-K - Nuclear Engineering Division (Argonne)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nuclear Energy Argonne Energy Showcase 2012 Software DIF3D-K (Diffusion and Transport Theory Codes) Bookmark and Share Standard Code Description Name of Program: DIF3D-K 1.5: A...

224

Energy Absorbing Material  

To overcome limitations with cellular silicone foams, LLNL innovators have developed a new 3D energy absorbing material with tailored/engineered bulk-scale properties. The energy absorbing material has 3D patterned architectures specially designed for ...

225

RELAP5-3D Compressor Model  

SciTech Connect

A compressor model has been implemented in the RELAP5-3D© code. The model is similar to that of the existing pump model, and performs the same function on a gas as the pump performs on a single-phase or two-phase fluid. The compressor component consists of an inlet junction and a control volume, and optionally, an outlet junction. This feature permits cascading compressor components in series. The equations describing the physics of the compressor are derived from first principles. These equations are used to obtain the head, the torque, and the energy dissipation. Compressor performance is specified using a map, specific to the design of the machine, in terms of the ratio of outlet-to-inlet total (or stagnation) pressure and adiabatic efficiency as functions of rotational velocity and flow rate. The input quantities are specified in terms of dimensionless variables, which are corrected to stagnation density and stagnation sound speed. A small correction was formulated for the input of efficiency to account for the error introduced by assumption of constant density when integrating the momentum equation. Comparison of the results of steady-state operation of the compressor model to those of the MIT design calculation showed excellent agreement for both pressure ratio and power.

James E. Fisher; Cliff B. Davis; Walter L. Weaver

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

3-D hydro + cascade model at RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a 3-D hydro + cascade model, in which viscosity and a realistic freezeout process for the hadronic phase are taken into account. We compare our results to experimental data and discuss the final state interaction effects on physical observables. 1. FREEZEOUT PROCESS AND VISCOSITY IN HYDRODYNAMICS Hydrodynamic models have been very successful in describing the collective behavior of matter at RHIC, such as single particle spectra and elliptic flow. In particular the strong elliptic flow which, for the first time, reaches the hydrodynamic limit at RHIC, provides us with a new understanding of the nature of the quark-gluon plasma (QGP) created at RHIC as strongly interacting or correlated QGP [ 1]. However there exist a number of experimental observations that contradict ideal hydrodynamic models: transverse momentum spectra above 2 GeV, elliptic flow at large pseudo-rapdities ? and Hanbury Brown- Twiss (HBT) interferometry. These observations suggest that there exist limitations to the application of a simple ideal hydrodynamic model to RHIC physics and that an improvement on an ideal hydrodynamic model is needed in order to obtain a comprehensive and unified description of the data from the point of view of hydrodynamics. In general, hydrodynamic models require initial conditions, an equations of state (EoS)

Chiho Nonakaa A; Steffen A. Bass

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Reconstructing 3D buildings from Lidar data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Accurate 3D surface models in urban areas are essential for a variety of applications, such as visualization, GIS, and mobile communications. Since manual surface reconstruction is very costly and time consuming, the development of automated algorithms is of great importance. On the other hand LIDAR data is a relatively new technology for obtaining Digital Surface Models (DSM) of the earth’s surface. It is a fast method for sampling the earth’s surface with a high density and high point accuracy. In this paper a new approach for building extraction from LIDAR data is presented. The approach utilizes the geometric properties of urban buildings for the reconstruction of the building wire-frames from the LIDAR data. We start by finding the candidate building points that are used to populate a plane parameter space. After filling the plane parameter space, we find the planes that can represent the building roof surfaces. Roof regions are then extracted and the plane parameters are refined using a robust estimation technique and the geometric constraint between adjacent roof facets. The region boundaries are extracted and used to form the building wireframes. The algorithm is tested on two buildings from a locally acquired LIDAR data sets. The test results show some success in extracting urban area buildings. 1.

Ahmed F. Elaksher; James S. Bethel

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Novel Metamaterial 'Flat Lens' Creates 3D Images in Free ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Novel Metamaterial 'Flat Lens' Creates 3D Images in Free Space. From NIST Tech Beat: May 28, 2013. ...

2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

229

Novel Synthesis and Consolidation of Powder Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electrolytic Infiltration of Laser Sintered Porous Preforms ... Nanostructured Multi- Phase Titanium Based Materials Consolidated from Particles by Severe Plastic ...

230

Scanning Probe Techniques for Functional Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nanoscale Electromechanical Properties of Novel Materials for Actuator and Energy Harvesting Applications · Optical Imaging of Dielectric Nano-structures with ...

231

3Book: a 3D electronic smart book  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the 3Book, a 3D interactive visualization of a codex book as a component for various digital library and sensemaking systems. The book is designed to hold large books and to support sensemaking operations by readers. The book includes ... Keywords: 3D UI, 3D books, eBooks, electronic publishing, sensemaking, spreading activation

Stuart K. Card; Lichan Hong; Jock D. Mackinlay; Ed H. Chi

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Underwater Localization in Sparse 3D Acoustic Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Underwater Localization in Sparse 3D Acoustic Sensor Networks Wei Cheng1,2, Amin Y. Teymorian the localization problem in sparse 3D underwater sensor networks. Considering the fact that depth information is typically available for underwater sensors, we transform the 3D underwater positioning problem into its two

Cheng, Xiuzhen "Susan"

233

Keypoint identification and feature-based 3D face recognition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a feature-based 3D face recognition algorithm and propose a keypoint identification technique which is repeatable and identifies keypoints where shape variation is high in 3D faces. Moreover, a unique 3D coordinate basis can be defined locally ...

Ajmal Mian; Mohammed Bennamoun; Robyn Owens

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Natural Language Generation Journeys to Interactive 3D Worlds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

physical devices must be clearly explained. NLG delivered with speech synthesis will need to be care- fully of interactive 3D worlds: self- explaining 3D environments, habitable 3D learning en- vironments,and interactive3. Kenan Institute for Engineering, Technology and Science and a corporate gift from Novell, Inc

Lester, James C.

235

3D thermal-aware floorplanner using a MOEA approximation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two of the major concerns in 3D stacked technology are heat removal and power density distribution. In our work, we propose a novel 3D thermal-aware floorplanner. Our contributions include:1.A novel multi-objective formulation to consider the thermal ... Keywords: 3D architecture, Evolutionary algorithm, Hot spots, Reliability, Temperature, Thermal-aware floorplan, Through silicon vias optimization

David Cuesta; José L. Risco-Martin; José L. Ayala; J. Ignacio Hidalgo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Alignment of Continuous Video onto 3D Point Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a general framework for aligning continuous (oblique) video onto 3D sensor data. We align a point cloud computed from the video onto the point cloud directly obtained from a 3D sensor. This is in contrast to existing techniques where the 2D ... Keywords: Index Terms- Alignment, pose estimation, motion stereo, range data, sensor fusion, 3D model and visualization.

Wenyi Zhao; David Nister; Steve Hsu

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Compositional Variation Within Hybrid Nanostructures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Compositional Variation Within Hybrid Nanostructures Print Compositional Variation Within Hybrid Nanostructures Print The inherently high surface area of bimetallic nanoparticles makes them especially attractive materials for heterogeneous catalysis. The ability to selectively grow these and other types of nanoparticles on a desired surface is ideal for the fabrication of higher-order nanoscale architectures. However, the growth mechanism for bimetallic nanoparticles on a surface is expected to be quite different than that for free particles in solution. The altered growth process can lead to modulations in stoichiometry, elemental homogeneity, and surface structure, all of which can profoundly affect the catalytic or magnetic properties of the bimetallic nanoparticles. Now, researchers have experimentally observed these subtle structural differences through x-ray absorption spectroscopic studies at ALS Beamline 10.3.2. The results illustrate how directed nanoparticle growth on specific surfaces can lead to hybrid nanomaterials with a structurally different bimetallic component than its unhybridized counterpart.

238

Compositional Variation Within Hybrid Nanostructures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Compositional Variation Within Hybrid Nanostructures Print Compositional Variation Within Hybrid Nanostructures Print The inherently high surface area of bimetallic nanoparticles makes them especially attractive materials for heterogeneous catalysis. The ability to selectively grow these and other types of nanoparticles on a desired surface is ideal for the fabrication of higher-order nanoscale architectures. However, the growth mechanism for bimetallic nanoparticles on a surface is expected to be quite different than that for free particles in solution. The altered growth process can lead to modulations in stoichiometry, elemental homogeneity, and surface structure, all of which can profoundly affect the catalytic or magnetic properties of the bimetallic nanoparticles. Now, researchers have experimentally observed these subtle structural differences through x-ray absorption spectroscopic studies at ALS Beamline 10.3.2. The results illustrate how directed nanoparticle growth on specific surfaces can lead to hybrid nanomaterials with a structurally different bimetallic component than its unhybridized counterpart.

239

Compositional Variation Within Hybrid Nanostructures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Compositional Variation Within Hybrid Nanostructures Print Compositional Variation Within Hybrid Nanostructures Print The inherently high surface area of bimetallic nanoparticles makes them especially attractive materials for heterogeneous catalysis. The ability to selectively grow these and other types of nanoparticles on a desired surface is ideal for the fabrication of higher-order nanoscale architectures. However, the growth mechanism for bimetallic nanoparticles on a surface is expected to be quite different than that for free particles in solution. The altered growth process can lead to modulations in stoichiometry, elemental homogeneity, and surface structure, all of which can profoundly affect the catalytic or magnetic properties of the bimetallic nanoparticles. Now, researchers have experimentally observed these subtle structural differences through x-ray absorption spectroscopic studies at ALS Beamline 10.3.2. The results illustrate how directed nanoparticle growth on specific surfaces can lead to hybrid nanomaterials with a structurally different bimetallic component than its unhybridized counterpart.

240

Compositional Variation Within Hybrid Nanostructures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Compositional Variation Within Hybrid Nanostructures Print Compositional Variation Within Hybrid Nanostructures Print The inherently high surface area of bimetallic nanoparticles makes them especially attractive materials for heterogeneous catalysis. The ability to selectively grow these and other types of nanoparticles on a desired surface is ideal for the fabrication of higher-order nanoscale architectures. However, the growth mechanism for bimetallic nanoparticles on a surface is expected to be quite different than that for free particles in solution. The altered growth process can lead to modulations in stoichiometry, elemental homogeneity, and surface structure, all of which can profoundly affect the catalytic or magnetic properties of the bimetallic nanoparticles. Now, researchers have experimentally observed these subtle structural differences through x-ray absorption spectroscopic studies at ALS Beamline 10.3.2. The results illustrate how directed nanoparticle growth on specific surfaces can lead to hybrid nanomaterials with a structurally different bimetallic component than its unhybridized counterpart.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanostructured materials 3d" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Compositional Variation Within Hybrid Nanostructures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Compositional Variation Within Hybrid Nanostructures Print Compositional Variation Within Hybrid Nanostructures Print The inherently high surface area of bimetallic nanoparticles makes them especially attractive materials for heterogeneous catalysis. The ability to selectively grow these and other types of nanoparticles on a desired surface is ideal for the fabrication of higher-order nanoscale architectures. However, the growth mechanism for bimetallic nanoparticles on a surface is expected to be quite different than that for free particles in solution. The altered growth process can lead to modulations in stoichiometry, elemental homogeneity, and surface structure, all of which can profoundly affect the catalytic or magnetic properties of the bimetallic nanoparticles. Now, researchers have experimentally observed these subtle structural differences through x-ray absorption spectroscopic studies at ALS Beamline 10.3.2. The results illustrate how directed nanoparticle growth on specific surfaces can lead to hybrid nanomaterials with a structurally different bimetallic component than its unhybridized counterpart.

242

3-D Radiative Transfer Modeling of Structured Winds in Massive Hot Stars with Wind3D  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop 3-D models of the structured winds of massive hot stars with the Wind3D radiative transfer (RT) code. We investigate the physical properties of large-scale structures observed in the wind of the B-type supergiant HD 64760 with detailed line profile fits to Discrete Absorption Components (DACs) and rotational modulations observed with IUE in Si IV {\\lambda}1395. We develop parameterized input models Wind3D with large-scale equatorial wind density- and velocity-structures, or so-called `Co-rotating Interaction Regions' (CIRs) and `Rotational Modulation Regions' (RMRs). The parameterized models offer important advantages for high-performance RT calculations over ab-initio hydrodynamic input models. The acceleration of the input model calculations permits us to simulate and investigate a wide variety of physical conditions in the extended winds of massive hot stars. The new modeling method is very flexible for constraining the dynamic and geometric wind properties of RMRs in HD 64760. We compute that t...

Lobel, A; Blomme, R

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Kirkendall-effect-based growth of dendrite-shaped CuO hollow micro/nanostructures for lithium-ion battery anodes  

SciTech Connect

Three-dimensional (3D) dendrite-shaped CuO hollow micro/nanostructures have been prepared via a Kirkendall-effect-based approach for the first time and have been demonstrated as a high-performance anode material for lithium-ion batteries. The as-prepared hollow structures were investigated by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and electrochemical properties. A CuO hollow structure composed of nanocubes outside and a dense film inside was selected as a typical example of the optimized design; it exhibited significantly improved cyclability at a current rate of 0.5 C, with the average Coulombic efficiency of {approx}97.0% and 57.9% retention of the discharge capacity of the second cycle after 50 cycles. The correlation between the structure features of the hollow CuO and their electrochemical behavior was discussed in detail. Smaller size of primary structure and larger internal space of electrode materials are crucial to better electrochemical performance. This work represents that Kirkendall effect is a promising method to fabricate excellent hollow electrode materials for Li-ion batteries. - Graphical abstract: SEM images of 3D dendrite-shaped CuO hollow micro/nanostructures prepared via a Kirkendall-effect-based approach have been shown. The as-prepared CuO electrode exhibited significantly improved cyclability for Li-ion batteries.

Hu Yingying, E-mail: yyhu@phy.ccnu.edu.c [Center for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Huazhong Normal University, Wuhan 430079, Hubei (China); Huang Xintang, E-mail: xthuang@phy.ccnu.edu.c [Center for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Huazhong Normal University, Wuhan 430079, Hubei (China); Wang Kai; Liu Jinping; Jiang Jian; Ding Ruimin; Ji Xiaoxu; Li Xin [Center for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Huazhong Normal University, Wuhan 430079, Hubei (China)

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

244

Stack and cell modelling with SOFC3D: a computer program for the 3D simulations of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stack and cell modelling with SOFC3D: a computer program for the 3D simulations of solid oxide fuel, France 1 Introduction SOFC3D is a computer program, which simulates the behaviour of a solid oxide fuel or the channels, the electrical potential \\Phi at any point of the solid part of the SOFC, and the molar fractions

Herbin, Raphaèle

245

Carbon nanostructures-elixir or poison?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon nanostructures-elixir or poison? Carbon nanostructures-elixir or poison? Carbon nanostructures-elixir or poison? A LANL toxicologist and a team of researchers have documented potential cellular damage from "fullerenes"-soccer-ball-shaped, cage-like molecules composed of 60 carbon atoms. March 31, 2010 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

246

Coherent multi-exciton dynamics in semiconductor nanostructures via two-dimensional Fourier transform optical spectroscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Coulomb correlations between photoexcited charged particles in materials such as photosynthetic complexes, conjugated polymer systems, J-aggregates, and bulk or nanostructured semiconductors produce a hierarchy of ...

Stone, Katherine Walowicz

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Synthesis of nanostructured nanoclay-zirconia multilayers: a feasibility study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports the first effort to synthesize a new class of inorganic nanostructured materials consisting of alternating ultrathin layers of nanoclays and oxide ceramics. A novel solution-based layer-by-layer (LBL) deposition technique was developed ...

Hao Chen; Guoping Zhang; Kathleen Richardson; Jian Luo

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

3-D Model for Deactivation & Decommissioning | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3-D Model for Deactivation & Decommissioning 3-D Model for Deactivation & Decommissioning 3-D Model for Deactivation & Decommissioning The design and production of 3-D scale models that replicate the highly contaminated structures within the nuclear facility would provide a significant improvement in visualization of the work space, which would give managers and supervisors a more powerful tool for planning and communicating safety issues and work sequences to personnel executing the physical D&D tasks. 3-D Model for Deactivation & Decommissioning More Documents & Publications D&D Toolbox Robotic Deployment of High Resolution Laser Imaging for Characterization D&D and Risk Assessment Tools 3-D Model for Deactivation & Decommissioning Deactivation & Decommissioning Knowledge Management Information Tool (D&D

249

3D Arm Motion Tracking for Home-based Rehabilitation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chapter 13 3D Arm Motion Tracking for Home-based Rehabilitation Y. Tao and H. Hu 13.1 Introduction This paper presents a real-time hybrid solution to articulated 3D arm motion tracking for home-based of articulated objects, e.g., human upper limbs. The purpose is to develop a 3D motion tracking model for home-based

Hu, Huosheng

250

Crab Shells as Sustainable Templates from Nature for Nanostructured Battery Electrodes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Crab Shells as Sustainable Templates from Nature for Nanostructured Battery Electrodes Hongbin Yao materials issues for enabling next-generation high capacity lithium ion batteries for portable electronics to prepare nanostructured battery electrode materials, we are inspired by the diversity of natural materials

Cui, Yi

251

Spray Pyrolysis for Synthesis of Nanostructured, High Energy xLi 2 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Carbon-Sulfur Nanocomposite Cathode Materials for Lithium-Sulfur Batteries · Carbonized Chicken Eggshell Membranes with 3D Architectures as ...

252

Nanostructured Co3O4 Electrodes for Na-Ion Battery Applications ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Carbon-Sulfur Nanocomposite Cathode Materials for Lithium-Sulfur Batteries · Carbonized Chicken Eggshell Membranes with 3D Architectures as ...

253

Engines - 3-D Animation Shows Complex Geometry of Diesel Particulates  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3-D Animation Shows Complex Geometry of Diesel Particulates Diesel particulate matter has a very complex geometry Most studies have observed these three-dimensional structures in...

254

Applications of 3D Experimental Techniques Across Length Scales  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 11, 2012... Experimental Techniques Across Length Scales: Non-Destructive Techniques .... The efficient image-processing pipeline provides a full 3D ...

255

FMI Borehole Geology, Geomechanics and 3D Reservoir Modeling...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NA, 2002 DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http:crossref.org Online Internet link for FMI Borehole Geology, Geomechanics and 3D Reservoir Modeling Citation...

256

Digital Representation of 3D Microstructures - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 10, 2012 ... Storage and Sharing of Large 3D Imaging Datasets: Richard Boardman1; Ian Sinclair1; Simon Cox1; Philippa Reed1; Kenji Takeda1; Jeremy ...

257

Supercapacitive Performance with Nanofibers on 3D-interconnected ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The hierarchical 1D MnO2 nanofibers are grown by using a facile chemical bath deposition (CBD) method on 3D graphene foam. A synthesis of ...

258

Identificering af teknologi gennem narrativer; 3D print.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Denne rapport arbejder med en gennemgang af den såkaldte 3D printer teknologi. Denne vil sættes i sammenhæng med et teknologifilosofisk ’form of life ? forståelse… (more)

Petersen, Mikael

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

From Digital to Physical: Computational Aspects of 3D Manufacturing.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The desktop publishing revolution of the 1980s is currently repeating itself in 3D, referred to as desktop manufacturing. Online services such as Shapeways have become… (more)

Baecher, Moritz Niklaus

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Vector Graphics for Real-time 3D Rendering.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Algorithms are presented that enable the use of vector graphics representations of images in texture maps for 3D real time rendering. Vector graphics images are… (more)

Qin, Zheng

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanostructured materials 3d" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

RELAP5-3D V. 4.X.X  

Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

000191MLTPL01 NON-NRC FUNDED RELAP5-3D VERSION 4.x.x SOFTWARE REACTOR EXCURSION AND LEAK ANALYSIS PACKAGE - THREE DIMENSIONAL   

262

Assessing the RELAPS-3D Heat Conduction Enclosure Model  

SciTech Connect

Three heat conduction problems that have exact solutions are modeled with RELAP5-3D using the conduction enclosure model. These comparisons are designed to be used in the RELAP5-3D development assessment scheduled to be completed in 2009. It is shown that with proper input choices and adequate model detail the exact solutions can be matched. In addition, this analysis identified an error and the required correction in the cylindrical and spherical heat conductor models in RELAP5-3D which will be corrected in a future version of RELAP5-3D.

McCann, Larry D.

2008-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

263

Reconstruction of 3D Points From Uncalibrated Underwater Video.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis presents a 3D reconstruction software pipeline that is capable of generating point cloud data from uncalibrated underwater video. This research project was undertaken… (more)

Cavan, Neil

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Text from the http://web3d  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Sandy Ressler, of the Information Access Division, played a key role in ensuring that the Web3D Consortium and ISO Moving Picture Experts Group ...

265

Injection of Electrons and Holes into Nanostructures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Injection of Electrons and Holes into Nanostructures Injection of Electrons and Holes into Nanostructures This program targets fundamental understanding of nanoscale charge transfer processes. The proposed work draws on the strengths of the Brookhaven Chemistry Department in the areas of electron transfer experiment and theory, and extends the area of inquiry to nanoscale processes. Electron/hole injection into a wire, a nanocrystal, a nanotube or other nanostructure in solution may be brought about by light absorption, by an electron pulse (pulse radiolysis, LEAF), by a chemical reagent, or through an electrode. These processes are being studied by transient methods by following conductivity, current, but most generally, spectroscopic changes in the solutions to determine the dynamics of charge injection. The observed transient spectra can also provide values for electron-transfer coupling elements and energetics. Theoretical/computational studies can help in materials design and in the interpretation of the experimental results. The experimental systems being examined include molecular wires and metal nanoclusters.

266

Approximation of optimal moving paths of huge robot reclaimer with a 3d range finder  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes a simple method for approximating the optimal moving paths of a huge robot reclaimer located in the outdoor material stock yard with emphasis on safety, energy consumption, and transfer time. The reclaimer is equipped with a 3D range ...

Kwan-Hee Lee; Hyo-Jung Bae; Sung-Je Hong

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Recovery of Soft Tissue Object Deformation from 3D Image Sequences Using Biomechanical Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The estimation of soft tissue deformation from 3D image sequences is an important problem in a number of fields such as diagnosis of heart disease and image guided surgery. In this paper we describe a methodology for using biomechanical material models, ...

Xenophon Papademetris; Pengcheng Shi; Donald P. Dione; Albert J. Sinusas; R. Todd Constable; James S. Duncan

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

DNA-based Self-Assembly of Chiral Plasmonic Nanostructures with Tailored Optical Response  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Surface plasmon resonances generated in metallic nanostructures can be utilized to tailor electromagnetic fields. The precise spatial arrangement of such structures can result in surprising optical properties that are not found in any naturally occurring material. Here, the designed activity emerges from collective effects of singular components equipped with limited individual functionality. Top-down fabrication of plasmonic materials with a predesigned optical response in the visible range by conventional lithographic methods has remained challenging due to their limited resolution, the complexity of scaling, and the difficulty to extend these techniques to three-dimensional architectures. Molecular self-assembly provides an alternative route to create such materials which is not bound by the above limitations. We demonstrate how the DNA origami method can be used to produce plasmonic materials with a tailored optical response at visible wavelengths. Harnessing the assembly power of 3D DNA origami, we arranged metal nanoparticles with a spatial accuracy of 2 nm into nanoscale helices. The helical structures assemble in solution in a massively parallel fashion and with near quantitative yields. As a designed optical response, we generated giant circular dichroism and optical rotary dispersion in the visible range that originates from the collective plasmon-plasmon interactions within the nanohelices. We also show that the optical response can be tuned through the visible spectrum by changing the composition of the metal nanoparticles. The observed effects are independent of the direction of the incident light and can be switched by design between left- and right-handed orientation. Our work demonstrates the production of complex bulk materials from precisely designed nanoscopic assemblies and highlights the potential of DNA self-assembly for the fabrication of plasmonic nanostructures.

Anton Kuzyk; Robert Schreiber; Zhiyuan Fan; Günther Pardatscher; Eva-Maria Roller; Alexander Högele; Friedrich C. Simmel; Alexander O. Govorov; Tim Liedl

2011-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

269

TEMPEST. Transient 3-D Thermal-Hydraulic  

SciTech Connect

TEMPEST is a transient, three-dimensional, hydrothermal program that is designed to analyze a range of coupled fluid dynamic and heat transfer systems of particular interest to the Fast Breeder Reactor (FBR) thermal-hydraulic design community. The full three-dimensional, time-dependent equations of motion, continuity, and heat transport are solved for either laminar or turbulent fluid flow, including heat diffusion and generation in both solid and liquid materials. The equations governing mass, momentum, and energy conservation for incompressible flows and small density variations (Boussinesq approximation) are solved using finite-difference techniques. Analyses may be conducted in either cylindrical or Cartesian coordinate systems. Turbulence is treated using a two-equation model. Two auxiliary plotting programs, SEQUEL and MANPLOT, for use with TEMPEST output are included. SEQUEL may be operated in batch or interactive mode; it generates data required for vector plots, contour plots of scalar quantities, line plots, grid and boundary plots, and time-history plots. MANPLOT reads the SEQUEL-generated data and creates the hardcopy plots. TEMPEST can be a valuable hydrothermal design analysis tool in areas outside the intended FBR thermal-hydraulic design community.

Eyler, L.L. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

1992-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

270

Silicon Anode Materials for All-Solid-State Lithium-ion Microbatteries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Nanostructured Materials for Lithium Ion Batteries and for Supercapacitors. Presentation Title, Silicon Anode Materials for All-Solid-State ...

271

Evaluating the X3D schema with semantic web tools  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

X3D has been evolving for nearly 20 years (counting the VRML era). This long period, covering a wide range of uses (Computer-Aided Design, medical, Geographic Information System ...) has led to a lot of possibly inconsistent or even conflicting features. ... Keywords: X3D, XML schema, ontology

Marc Petit; Henry Boccon-Gibod; Christophe Mouton

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Using projective invariant properties for efficient 3d reconstruction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

3D reconstruction over long sequences has been to the main problem of computer vision. Projective reconstruction is known to be an important process for 3D reconstruction in Euclidean space. In this paper, we present a new projective reconstruction algorithm ...

Bo-Ra Seok; Yong-Ho Hwang; Hyun-Ki Hong

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Third-space architecture for learning in 3D  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Learning can be increasingly untethered to home, work or school spaces by means of integrative cloud services coupled with 3D worlds, and mobile, collaboratively driven use of digital "third space." A 3rd-space, portable and modular design ... Keywords: learning in 3D, model-based reasoning, virtual environments, visual simulation

Andrew G. Stricker; Kimberly-Combs Hardy; Elizabeth S. Stricker; Toni A. Scribner; John A. Cook; Cynthia A. Calongne; Kathryn L. Flitter; Fil J. Arenas

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

3D Reconstruction from Multiple Images Part 1: Principles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This issue discusses methods to extract three-dimensional (3D) models from plain images. In particular, the 3D information is obtained from images for which the camera parameters are unknown. The principles underlying such uncalibrated structure-from-motion ...

Theo Moons; Luc Van Gool; Maarten Vergauwen

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Similarity based retrieval from a 3D human database  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we describe a framework for similarity based retrieval from a 3D human database. Our technique is based on both body and head shape representation and retrieval based on similarity of both of them. The 3D human database used in our study ... Keywords: body and head shape, human database, retrieval, similarity

Afzal Godil; Sandy Ressler

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

A camcorder for 3D underwater reconstruction of archeological objects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A camcorder for 3D underwater reconstruction of archeological objects A. Meline1 , J. Triboulet1 Cedex 5, France 2 Université de Nîmes, Place Gabriele Péri, 30021 Nîmes, France Abstract- The underwater cartography has made great progress in the last decade. In this paper, we discuss of the 3D underwater

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

277

Middleware for streaming 3D progressive meshes over lossy networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Streaming 3D graphics have been widely used in multimedia applications such as online gaming and virtual reality. However, a gap exists between the zero-loss-tolerance of the existing compression schemes and the lossy network transmissions. In this article, ... Keywords: 3D streaming, progressive compression

H. Li; M. Li; B. Prabhakaran

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Development of a 3D atmospheric radiative transfer model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 3D atmospheric radiative transfer model is established based on MODTRAN4. Moreover, the methods of calculating the ratio of atmospheric transmission, path radiation and single scattering solar radiation are presented. This 3D model is running by ... Keywords: MODTRAN4, atmospheric radiative transfer model, infrared radiation

Zhifeng Lu; Ge Li; Gang Guo; Kedi Huang

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Skeletal input for user interaction in X3D  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent developments in depth sensor technology enable developers to use skeletal input in interactive 3D environments with high user fluctuation like museum exhibits. However, the question of how to use natural user input and body movement to control ... Keywords: Kinect, X3D, natural interaction

Manuel Olbrich; Tobias Franke; Jens Keil; Sven Hertling

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

BeThere: 3D mobile collaboration with spatial input  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present BeThere, a proof-of-concept system designed to explore 3D input for mobile collaborative interactions. With BeThere, we explore 3D gestures and spatial input which allow remote users to perform a variety of virtual interactions ... Keywords: around device interaction, augmented reality, collaboration, depth sensors

Rajinder S. Sodhi; Brett R. Jones; David Forsyth; Brian P. Bailey; Giuliano Maciocci

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanostructured materials 3d" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

3D Modelling of Carbon Allotropes Used in Nanotechnology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Graphene, Carbon nanoribbons, Carbon nanotubes and Fullerene (Buckyball) are allotropes of carbon which are widely used in Nanotechnology research due to their remarkable properties. Electrical and mechanical properties of those allotropes vary with ... Keywords: Graphene, Carbon nanoribbons, Carbon nanotubes, Fullerines, 3D modelling, java3D

M. R. M. Mufthas; C. S. Rupasinghe

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Power-Aware 3D Computer Graphics Rendering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Real-time 3D Graphics rendering consumes significant power because of its very high computation and memory access rate. Due to variation in workload and perceptual tolerance, power-awareness can optimize this power consumption significantly, thus facilitating ... Keywords: 3D Graphics, low-power, reconfigurable, shading, texture mapping

Jeongseon Euh; Jeevan Chittamuru; Wayne Burleson

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Shape-based retrieval and analysis of 3D models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Large repositories of 3D data are rapidly becoming available in several fields, including mechanical CAD, molecular biology, and computer graphics. As the number of 3D models grows, there is an increasing need for computer algorithms to help people find ...

Thomas Funkhouser; Michael Kazhdan

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

The unreal editor as a Web 3D authoring environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Epic Games provides a free game level editor with titles based on its Unreal engine. The editor provides a rich set of authoring tools that can be used to create fully interactive environments. This paper describes a tool that converts Unreal levels ... Keywords: 3D, Unreal, VRML, X3D, authoring, game, tool

David Arendash

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Efficient Calculations of 3-D FFTs on Spiral Contours  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes a fast algorithm, called the SpiralFFT, that computes samples of the 3-D discrete Fourier transform of an object of interest along spiral contours in frequency space. This type of sampling geometry is prevalent in 3-D magnetic resonance ... Keywords: Chirp Z-transform, Nonuniform FFT, Spiral MRI

Christopher K. Turnes; Justin Romberg

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Building information modeling: the Web3D application for AEC  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is currently a dramatic shift in the Architecture, Engineering, and Construction (AEC) industry to embrace Building Information Modeling (BIM) as a tool that can assist in integrating the fragmented industry by eliminating inefficiencies and redundancies, ... Keywords: BIM, IFC, Web3D, X3D, architecture, building information modeling, construction, engineering, visualization

Dace A. Campbell

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Light-matter Interactions in Semiconductor Nanostructures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Light-matter interactions in Semiconductor Nanostructures. ... We investigate the interaction of light with semiconductor-based nanostructures. ...

2012-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

288

3D printing rises to the occasion | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Features Features 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 News Home | ORNL | News | Features | 2013 SHARE 3D printing rises to the occasion ORNL group shows how it's done, one layer at a time A perforated metal box produced by an Arcam 3D printer. This detailed A perforated metal box produced by an Arcam 3D printer. This detailed "calibration" part illustrates some of the versatility of 3D printing. Photo: Jason Richards (hi-res image) Things have come a long way since the mid-1980s when 3D Systems cofounder Chuck Hull worked out the technology to print objects in three dimensions, one very thin layer at a time. Hull called his new technology "stereolithography." In it, a guided beam of ultraviolet light is focused on a vat of liquid polymer, solidifying areas where it hits. When one layer is complete, the

289

Fabrication techniques for 3D metamaterials in the mid-infrared.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors have developed two versions of a flexible fabrication technique known as membrane projection lithography that can produce nearly arbitrary patterns in '212 D' and fully three-dimensional (3D) structures. The authors have applied this new technique to the fabrication of split ring resonator-based metamaterials in the midinfrared. The technique utilizes electron beam lithography for resolution, pattern design flexibility, and alignment. The resulting structures are nearly three orders of magnitude smaller than equivalent microwave structures that were first used to demonstrate a negative index material. The fully 3D structures are highly isotropic and exhibit both electrically and magnetically excited resonances for incident transverse electromagnetic waves.

Ellis, A. Robert; Sinclair, Michael B.; Brener, Igal; Wendt, Joel Robert; Burckel, David Bruce; Ten Eyck, Gregory A.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

3D calculations of a fixed field alternating gradient synchrotron magnet  

SciTech Connect

A Spallation neutron source for materials science studies was designed at Argonne and required a fixed field alternating gradient (FFAG) synchrotron magnet. 3D electrostatic calculations were made to obtain the unsaturated magnet pole shape. This pole shape was refined using 3D magnetostatic calculations that included the steel permeability and coil geometry. Details of the calculations are given concerning such things as: size of the problem and how to split it up, the number and shape of the finite elements, choosing the electrostatic potential correctly and selecting the potential of the desired pole. 5 figs.

Lari, R.J.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

CSY3019 -Graphics Programming Assignment 2: Development of 2D/3D graphics software: Java 3D (50%)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CSY3019 - Graphics Programming Assignment 2: Development of 2D/3D graphics software: Java 3D (50, directional, point and spot lighting (to model windows and/or strip lights). · User defined or loaded geometry. Front Sheet & Title Page · Table of contents · Introduction · Analysis · Design · Implementation

Hill, Gary

292

MPSalsa 3D Simulations of Chemically Reacting Flows  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

Many important scientific and engineering applications require a detailed analysis of complex systems with coupled fluid flow, thermal energy transfer, mass transfer and nonequilibrium chemical reactions. Currently, computer simulations of these complex reacting flow problems are limited to idealized systems in one or two spatial dimensions when coupled with a detailed, fundamental chemistry model. The goal of our research is to develop, analyze and implement advanced MP numerical algorithms that will allow high resolution 3D simulations with an equal emphasis on fluid flow and chemical kinetics modeling. In our research, we focus on the development of new, fully coupled, implicit solution strategies that are based on robust MP iterative solution methods (copied from http://www.cs.sandia.gov/CRF/MPSalsa/). These simulations are needed for scientific and technical areas such as: combustion research for transportation, atmospheric chemistry modeling for pollution studies, chemically reacting flow models for analysis and control of manufacturing processes, surface catalytic reactors for methane to methanol conversion and chemical vapor deposition (CVD) process modeling for production of advanced semiconductor materials (http://www.cs.sandia.gov/CRF/MPSalsa/).

This project website provides six QuickTime videos of these simulations, along with a small image gallery and slideshow animations. A list of related publications and conference presentations is also made available.

293

DYNA3D analysis of the DT-20 shipping container  

SciTech Connect

A DYNA3D model of the DT-20 shipping container was constructed. Impact onto a rigid steel surface at a velocity of 44 ft/sec (30 foot gravity drop) was studied. The orientation of most interest was a side-drop, but end and corner drops were also studied briefly. The assembly for the baseline side impact contained a 150 lb. payload. During this drop, the outer drum sustains plastic strains of up to 0.15, with most the deformation near the rim. The plywood/Celotex packing is crushed about 3 inches. The inner sealed can sees significant stresses, but barely reaches the onset of yielding in some local areas. Based on hand calculations, the bolts joining the can halves could see stresses near 50 ksi. It is felt that overall, the container should survive this drop. However, detailed modeling of the rim closure and the center bolted joint was not possible due to time constraints. Furthermore, better material models and properties are needed for the Celotex, plywood, and honeycomb in particular. 39 figs., 1 tab.

Logan, R.W.; Lovejoy, S.C.

1991-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

294

DYNA3D/ParaDyn Regression Test Suite Inventory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The following table constitutes an initial assessment of feature coverage across the regression test suite used for DYNA3D and ParaDyn. It documents the regression test suite at the time of production release 10.1 in September 2010. The columns of the table represent groupings of functionalities, e.g., material models. Each problem in the test suite is represented by a row in the table. All features exercised by the problem are denoted by a check mark in the corresponding column. The definition of ''feature'' has not been subdivided to its smallest unit of user input, e.g., algorithmic parameters specific to a particular type of contact surface. This represents a judgment to provide code developers and users a reasonable impression of feature coverage without expanding the width of the table by several multiples. All regression testing is run in parallel, typically with eight processors. Many are strictly regression tests acting as a check that the codes continue to produce adequately repeatable results as development unfolds, compilers change and platforms are replaced. A subset of the tests represents true verification problems that have been checked against analytical or other benchmark solutions. Users are welcomed to submit documented problems for inclusion in the test suite, especially if they are heavily exercising, and dependent upon, features that are currently underrepresented.

Lin, J I

2011-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

295

A High-Throughput 3-D X-ray Microtomography System with Real-Time 3-D  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Throughput 3-D X-ray Microtomography System with Real-Time 3-D Throughput 3-D X-ray Microtomography System with Real-Time 3-D Reconstruction A high-throughput x-ray microtomography system (XMS) that can acquire, reconstruct, and interactively display rendered 3-D images of a sample at micrometer-scale resolution within minutes has been developed at Advanced Photon Source (APS) beamline 2-BM, which is managed by the Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation Collaborative Access Team (SRI-CAT). This system could bring better understanding of an array of scientific and technological problems, ranging from failure in microelectronic devices to structures in biological samples. A rendered image from a three-dimensional tomographic reconstruction of a cricket, obtained with the x-ray microtomography system. The image has been digitally cut at different planes to show the internal structures of the cricket's head.

296

Advanced Materials and Reservoir Engineering for Extreme Oil ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nanostructured and advanced materials potentially offer new possibilities in drilling, exploration and production. In this symposium both academia and industry ...

297

TMS 2013: Technical Area - Nanoscale and Amorphous Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nanostructured and advanced materials potentially offer new possibilities in drilling, exploration and production. In this symposium both academia and industry ...

298

Lead-Free Piezoelectric Materials for Sensors and Capacitors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Lead-Free Piezoelectric Materials for Sensors and Capacitors ... Oxide Nanostructures and Their Potential for Mechanical Energy Scavenging.

299

Graphene-Based and Graphene-Derived Materials for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, 2013 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Symposium , Nanostructured Materials for Lithium Ion Batteries and for Supercapacitors.

300

Molecular Predictors of 3D Morphogenesis by Breast Cancer Cell Lines in 3D Culture  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Correlative analysis of molecular markers with phenotypic signatures is the simplest model for hypothesis generation. In this paper, a panel of 24 breast cell lines was grown in 3D culture, their morphology was imaged through phase contrast microscopy, and computational methods were developed to segment and represent each colony at multiple dimensions. Subsequently, subpopulations from these morphological responses were identified through consensus clustering to reveal three clusters of round, grape-like, and stellate phenotypes. In some cases, cell lines with particular pathobiological phenotypes clustered together (e.g., ERBB2 amplified cell lines sharing the same morphometric properties as the grape-like phenotype). Next, associations with molecular features were realized through (i) differential analysis within each morphological cluster, and (ii) regression analysis across the entire panel of cell lines. In both cases, the dominant genes that are predictive of the morphological signatures were identified. Specifically, PPAR? has been associated with the invasive stellate morphological phenotype, which corresponds to triple-negative pathobiology. PPAR? has been validated through two supporting biological assays.

Han, Ju; Chang, Hang; Giricz, Orsi; Lee, Genee; Baehner, Frederick; Gray, Joe; Bissell, Mina; Kenny, Paraic; Parvin, Bahram

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanostructured materials 3d" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

3D Magnetotelluic characterization of the Coso GeothermalField  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electrical resistivity may contribute to progress inunderstanding geothermal systems by imaging the geometry, bounds andcontrolling structures in existing production, and thereby perhapssuggesting new areas for field expansion. To these ends, a dense grid ofmagnetotelluric (MT) stations plus a single line of contiguous bipolearray profiling has been acquired over the east flank of the Cosogeothermal system. Acquiring good quality MT data in producing geothermalsystems is a challenge due to production related electromagnetic (EM)noise and, in the case of Coso, due to proximity of a regional DCintertie power transmission line. To achieve good results, a remotereference completely outside the influence of the dominant source of EMnoise must be established. Experimental results so far indicate thatemplacing a reference site in Amargosa Valley, NV, 65 miles from the DCintertie, isstill insufficient for noise cancellation much of the time.Even though the DC line EM fields are planar at this distance, theyremain coherent with the nonplanar fields in the Coso area hence remotereferencing produces incorrect responses. We have successfully unwrappedand applied MT times series from the permanent observatory at Parkfield,CA, and these appear adequate to suppress the interference of thecultural EM noise. The efficacy of this observatory is confirmed bycomparison to stations taken using an ultra-distant reference site eastof Socorro, NM. Operation of the latter reference was successful by usingfast ftp internet communication between Coso Junction and the New MexicoInstitute of Mining and Technology, using the University of Utah site asintermediary, and allowed referencing within a few hours of datadownloading at Coso. A grid of 102 MT stations was acquired over the Cosogeothermal area in 2003 and an additional 23 stations were acquired toaugment coverage in the southern flank of the first survey area in 2005.These data have been inverted to a fully three-dimensional conductivitymodel. Initial analysis of the Coso MT data was carried out using 2D MTimaging. An initial 3D conductivity model was constructed from a seriesof 2D resistivity images obtained using the inline electric fieldmeasurements (Zyx impedance elements) along several measurementtransects. This model was then refined through a 3D inversion process.This model shows the controlling geological structures possiblyinfluencing well production at Coso and correlations with mapped surfacefeatures such as faults and regional geoelectric strike. The 3D modelalso illustrates the refinement in positioning of conductivity contactswhen compared to isolated 2D inversion transects. The conductivity modelhas also been correlated with microearthquake locations, well fluidproduction intervals and most importantly with an acoustic and shearvelocity model derived by Wu and Lees (1999). This later correlationshows the near-vertical high conductivity structure on the eastern flankof the producing field is also a zone of increased acoustic velocity andincreased Vp/Vs ratio bounded by mapped fault traces. South of theDevil's Kitchen is an area of high geothermal well density, where highlyconductive near surface material is interpreted as a clay cap alterationzone manifested from the subsurface geothermal fluids and relatedgeochemistry. Beneath the clay cap, however, the conductivity isnondescript, whereas the Vp/Vs ratio is enhanced over the productionintervals. It is recommended that more MT data sites be acquired to thesouthwest of the Devil's Kitchen area to better refine the conductivitymodel in that area.

Newman, Gregory A.; Hoversten, G. Michael; Wannamaker, Philip E.; Gasperikova, Erika

2007-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

302

Nanowires, nanostructures and devices fabricated therefrom  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

One-dimensional nanostructures having uniform diameters of less than approximately 200 nm. These inventive nanostructures, which we refer to as "nanowires", include single-crystalline homostructures as well as heterostructures of at least two single-crystalline materials having different chemical compositions. Because single-crystalline materials are used to form the heterostructure, the resultant heterostructure will be single-crystalline as well. The nanowire heterostructures are generally based on a semiconducting wire wherein the doping and composition are controlled in either the longitudinal or radial directions, or in both directions, to yield a wire that comprises different materials. Examples of resulting nanowire heterostructures include a longitudinal heterostructure nanowire (LOHN) and a coaxial heterostructure nanowire (COHN).

Majumdar, Arun (Orinda, CA); Shakouri, Ali (Santa Cruz, CA); Sands, Timothy D. (Moraga, CA); Yang, Peidong (Berkeley, CA); Mao, Samuel S. (Berkeley, CA); Russo, Richard E. (Walnut Creek, CA); Feick, Henning (Kensington, CA); Weber, Eicke R. (Oakland, CA); Kind, Hannes (Schaffhausen, CH); Huang, Michael (Los Angeles, CA); Yan, Haoquan (Albany, CA); Wu, Yiying (Albany, CA); Fan, Rong (El Cerrito, CA)

2005-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

303

Surface and Nanostructure Metrology Group  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The Surface and Nanostructure Metrology Group in the Semiconductor & Dimensional Metrology Division of the Physical Measurement Laboratory ...

2013-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

304

Geometric Analysis, Visualization, and Conceptualization of 3D...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(1) Acquire information about the inside of an object, and generate a 3D image data set (2) Define the regions (geometric structures) of interest (3) Create a geometric...

305

Visualising Memory Graphs: Interactive Debugging using Java3D  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that three dimensional visualisation cau be a useful tool for debugging, program analysis, and a viable - 3D Modelling in Java 6 3 Requirements 9 4 Design 10 4.1 Preliminaries 10 4.1.1 Creating

Oxford, University of

306

Further Analysis of 3D Magnetotelluric Measurements Over the Coso  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Further Analysis of 3D Magnetotelluric Measurements Over the Coso Further Analysis of 3D Magnetotelluric Measurements Over the Coso Geothermal Field Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: Further Analysis of 3D Magnetotelluric Measurements Over the Coso Geothermal Field Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: At last year's GRC annual meeting we presented initial results of a 3D investigation of the Coso Geothermal field utilizing a dense grid of magnetotelluric (MT) stations plus a single line of contiguous bipole array profiling over the east flank of the field (Newman et al., 2005). Motivation for this study is that electrical resistivity/ conductivity mapping can contribute to better improved understanding of enhanced geothermal systems (EGS) by imaging the geometry, bounds and controlling

307

3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions 3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions 3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions The purpose of this model is to assist the U.S. Air Force and the international Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Organization with more accurately locating all types of explosions. October 25, 2013 A one-dimensional velocity profile with depth plotted within a three-dimensional Earth. The colors are compressional wave velocity in km/s. The rays are examples coming from a pseudo station at the North Pole. This model is used as the starting point to calculate the full SALSA3D velocity model. A one-dimensional velocity profile with depth plotted within a three-dimensional Earth. The colors are compressional wave velocity in km/s. The rays are examples coming from a pseudo station at the North Pole.

308

Software: DIF3D - Nuclear Engineering Division (Argonne)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

D D Software: ETOE-2 MC2-2 SDX DIF3D DIF3DK VIM REBUS-3 RCT ORIGEN-RA VARI3D SE2-ANL (SUPERENERGY2) SAS4A/SASSYS-1 SAS-DIF3DK MSET PRODIAG Join us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter NE on Flickr Celebrating the 70th Anniversary of Chicago Pile 1 (CP-1) Argonne OutLoud on Nuclear Energy Argonne Energy Showcase 2012 Software DIF3D (Diffusion and Transport Theory Codes) Bookmark and Share Standard Code Description NAME AND TITLE DIF3D 10.0: Code System Using Variational Nodal Methods and Finite Difference Methods to Solve Neutron Diffusion and Transport Theory Problems. CONTRIBUTOR K. L. Derstine Nuclear Engineering Division Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439. CODING LANGUAGE AND COMPUTER Fortran 90 and C source code for Linux PCs, MacOSX and SUN, (C00784MNYCP00).

309

3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions 3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions 3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions The purpose of this model is to assist the U.S. Air Force and the international Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Organization with more accurately locating all types of explosions. October 25, 2013 A one-dimensional velocity profile with depth plotted within a three-dimensional Earth. The colors are compressional wave velocity in km/s. The rays are examples coming from a pseudo station at the North Pole. This model is used as the starting point to calculate the full SALSA3D velocity model. A one-dimensional velocity profile with depth plotted within a three-dimensional Earth. The colors are compressional wave velocity in km/s. The rays are examples coming from a pseudo station at the North Pole.

310

Robust and Efficient 3D Recognition by Alignment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Alignment is a prevalent approach for recognizing 3D objects in 2D images. A major problem with current implementations is how to robustly handle errors that propagate from uncertainties in the locations of image ...

Alter, Tao Daniel

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Perceptually-motivated graphics, visualization and 3D displays  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This course presents timely, relevant examples on how researchers have leveraged perceptual information for optimization of rendering algorithms, to better guide design and presentation in (3D stereoscopic) display media, and for improved visualization ...

Ann McNamara; Katerina Mania; Marty Banks; Christopher Healey

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Tracking 3-D Rotations with the Quaternion Bingham Filter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A deterministic method for sequential estimation of 3-D rotations is presented. The Bingham distribution is used to represent uncertainty directly on the unit quaternion hypersphere. Quaternions avoid the degeneracies of ...

Glover, Jared

2013-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

313

Development and Implementation of 3-D, High-speed Tomography...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

operations such as fluid-bed combustors, coal gasifiers, carbon capture processes, and Fischer-Tropsch synthesis. A dedicated 3-D ECVT for imaging fluidized-bed systems will...

314

3D Graphics for Everyday Communication Takeo Igarashi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the region surrounded by the silhouette, making wide areas fat and narrow areas thin. Teddy, our prototype implemented using standard 3D rendering engines, and the painted models are stored as standard textured

Igarashi, Takeo

315

Full-3D Waveform Tomography for Southern California | Argonne...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Submitted by mkaczmar on October 3, 2012 - 09:19 Authors: Lee, E., Chenm P., Jordan, T.H., Maechling, P.J., Denolle, M., Beroza, G.C. Our full-3D tomography (F3DT) uses...

316

3D reconstruction of emission and absorption in planetary nebulae  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper addresses the problem of reconstructing the 3D structure of planetary nebulae from 2D observations. Assuming axial symmetry, our method jointly reconstructs the distribution of dust and ionized gas in the nebulae from observations at two different ...

Andrei Lin?u; Hendrik P. A. Lensch; Marcus Magnor; Sascha El-Abed; Hans-Peter Seidel

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Building a database of 3D scenes from user annotations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we wish to build a high quality database of images depicting scenes, along with their real-world three-dimensional (3D) coordinates. Such a database is useful for a variety of applications, including training ...

Russell, Bryan C.

318

3D Radiation Field Estimation Algorithm v1.0  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The product is a calculational subprogram to be used within CAD, Laser scan or GIS software products to extrapolate / interpolate gamma radiation dose rates at 3-D locations for which no field survey data had been ...

2013-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

319

3D-Simulation Studies of SNS Ring Doublet Magnets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D-SIMULATION STUDIES OF SNS RING DOUBLET MAGNETS* J.G. Wang # , SNS/ORNL, Oak Ridge, TN 37831-6471, U.S.A. N.the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) at ORNL employs in its

Wang, J.G.; Tsoupas N.; Venturini, M.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Investigation of 3-D Heat Transfer Effects in Fenestration Products.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??ABSTRACT INVESTIGATION OF 3-D HEAT TRANSFER EFFECTS IN FENESTRATION PRODUCTS SEPTEMBER 2010 SNEH KUMAR B. TECH., INDIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, CHENNAI INDIA M.S.M.E., UNIVERSITY OF… (more)

Kumar, Sneh

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanostructured materials 3d" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

The Shapes of a 3D Grain Growth Microstructure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

P2-28: Characterization of Pores and Cracks in Underwater Welds by µCT and Digital Optical Microscopy · P3-01: 3D Visualisation of Crystallographic Pitting.

322

P3-01: 3D Visualisation of Crystallographic Pitting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

P2-28: Characterization of Pores and Cracks in Underwater Welds by µCT and Digital Optical Microscopy · P3-01: 3D Visualisation of Crystallographic Pitting.

323

Topobo : a 3-D constructive assembly system with kinetic memory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce Topobo, a 3-D constructive assembly system em- bedded with kinetic memory, the ability to record and playback physical motion. Unique among modeling systems is Topobo's coincident physical input and output ...

Raffle, Hayes Solos, 1974-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

The road to 3D EDA tool readiness  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Today's SoCs/SIPs face numerous design challenges as increased integration of system components on a single die stretches the limits of technology and design capacity. 3D integration, where multiple dies are stacked and interconnected in the vertical ...

Charles Chiang; Subarna Sinha

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Fixed-outline thermal-aware 3D floorplanning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we present a novel algorithm for 3D floorplanning with fixed outline constraints and a particular emphasis on thermal awareness. A computationally efficient thermal model that can be used to guide the thermal-aware floorplanning algorithm ...

Linfu Xiao; Subarna Sinha; Jingyu Xu; Evangeline F. Y. Young

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Brief description of image based 3D face recognition methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The goal of this paper is to presents Brief Description of literature on Image Based human and machine recognition of faces during 1987 to 2010. Machine recognition of faces has several applications. As one of the most successful applications of image ... Keywords: 3D Face Recognition, 3D Morphable Model, Categorization, Face Detection, Face Recognition from Image Sequences, Independent Component Analysis, Linear Discriminate Analysis, Principal Component Analysis, Video based face recognition, research Issues

Sushma Jaiswal; Sarita Singh Bhadauria; Rakesh Singh Jadon; Tarun Kumar Divakar

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Biomimetic Nanostructures: Creating  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biomimetic Biomimetic Nanostructures: Creating a High-Affinity Zinc-Binding Site in a Folded Nonbiological Polymer Byoung-Chul Lee, †,‡ Tammy K. Chu, † Ken A. Dill,* ,‡ and Ronald N. Zuckermann* ,† Biological Nanostructures Facility, The Molecular Foundry, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, California 94720, Graduate group in Biophysics and Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, 600 16th Street, UniVersity of CaliforniasSan Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143 Received March 21, 2008; E-mail: dill@maxwell.compbio.ucsf.edu; rnzuckermann@lbl.gov Abstract: One of the long-term goals in developing advanced biomaterials is to generate protein-like nanostructures and functions from a completely nonnatural polymer. Toward that end, we introduced a high-affinity zinc-binding function into a peptoid (N-substituted glycine

328

Compositional Variation Within Hybrid Nanostructures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Compositional Variation Within Compositional Variation Within Hybrid Nanostructures Compositional Variation Within Hybrid Nanostructures Print Wednesday, 29 September 2010 00:00 The inherently high surface area of bimetallic nanoparticles makes them especially attractive materials for heterogeneous catalysis. The ability to selectively grow these and other types of nanoparticles on a desired surface is ideal for the fabrication of higher-order nanoscale architectures. However, the growth mechanism for bimetallic nanoparticles on a surface is expected to be quite different than that for free particles in solution. The altered growth process can lead to modulations in stoichiometry, elemental homogeneity, and surface structure, all of which can profoundly affect the catalytic or magnetic properties of the bimetallic nanoparticles. Now, researchers have experimentally observed these subtle structural differences through x-ray absorption spectroscopic studies at ALS Beamline 10.3.2. The results illustrate how directed nanoparticle growth on specific surfaces can lead to hybrid nanomaterials with a structurally different bimetallic component than its unhybridized counterpart.

329

Emerging Technologies in the Built Environment: Geographic Information Science (GIS), 3D Printing, and Additive Manufacturing  

SciTech Connect

Abstract 1: Geographic information systems emerged as a computer application in the late 1960s, led in part by projects at ORNL. The concept of a GIS has shifted through time in response to new applications and new technologies, and is now part of a much larger world of geospatial technology. This presentation discusses the relationship of GIS and estimating hourly and seasonal energy consumption profiles in the building sector at spatial scales down to the individual parcel. The method combines annual building energy simulations for city-specific prototypical buildings and commonly available geospatial data in a GIS framework. Abstract 2: This presentation focuses on 3D printing technologies and how they have rapidly evolved over the past couple of years. At a basic level, 3D printing produces physical models quickly and easily from 3D CAD, BIM (Building Information Models), and other digital data. Many AEC firms have adopted 3D printing as part of commercial building design development and project delivery. This presentation includes an overview of 3D printing, discusses its current use in building design, and talks about its future in relation to the HVAC industry. Abstract 3: This presentation discusses additive manufacturing and how it is revolutionizing the design of commercial and residential facilities. Additive manufacturing utilizes a broad range of direct manufacturing technologies, including electron beam melting, ultrasonic, extrusion, and laser metal deposition for rapid prototyping. While there is some overlap with the 3D printing talk, this presentation focuses on the materials aspect of additive manufacturing and also some of the more advanced technologies involved with rapid prototyping. These technologies include design of carbon fiber composites, lightweight metals processing, transient field processing, and more.

New, Joshua Ryan [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Voltammetric characterization of ruthenium oxide-based aerogels and other RuO{sub 2} solids: The nature of capacitance in nanostructured materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ruthenium dioxide is an important electrode material for applications in electrocatalysis and power sources. High surface areas are achieved in hydrous RuO{sub 2} precipitates and in mixed ruthenium oxide-titanium oxide, (Ru-Ti)O{sub x}, aerogels ( in which nanoscale domains are networked to form a highly porous structure). The electrochemical properties of (Ru-Ti)O{sub x} aerogels, RuO{sub 2}, and hydrous RuO{sub 2} are examined by direct pressing of sub-milligram quantities of the solid onto the surface of a conductive carbon/wax composite. Voltammetric measurements in acidic electrolyte confirm a pseudocapacitive response for all the RuO{sub x}-based materials. Despite an improvement in BET surface area, as compared with other RuO{sub 2} materials, the (Ru-Ti)O{sub x} aerogel displays a low specific capacitance, which correlated to the high degree of crystallinity of the aerogel. Nanocrystallites of rutile RuO{sub 2}, formed during thermal treatment of the sol-gel Ru/Ti precursors, deleteriously affect the specific capacitance of the material; however, all RuO{sub x} domains in the aerogel are voltammetrically addressable. The influence of proton-donating species on the observed capacitance for the (Ru-Ti)O{sub x} aerogel is evident from the dependence of the voltammetric charge in acidic electrolyte on the potential scan rate.

Long, J.W.; Swider, K.E.; Merzbacher, C.I.; Rolison, D.R. [Naval Research Lab., Washington, DC (United States)

1999-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

331

Micro-CT for the quantification of 3D voids within damaged structures  

SciTech Connect

Micro X-ray Computed Tomography (MXCT) is widely used in the materials community to examine the internal structure of materials for voids and cracks due to damage or casting, or other defects. Most research in this area focuses on the qualitative aspect of the image, simply answering; Are there voids present? Here we present an ongoing study of the quantified incipient spall voids in Cu with different grain sizes, using a gas gun with various velocities. Data analysis packages for MXCT are just now becoming able to dimensionally measure and produce statistics on the voids-present. In order to make the size of the features in the 3D image quantifiable, the question, how many radiographs are required to render the object dimensionally accurate in 3D, must be answered. A series of data sets has been coUected, varying the number of radiographs collected in order to determine the appropriate number required.

Patterson, Brian M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hamilton, Christopher E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Cerreta, Ellen K [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dennis - Koller, Darcie [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bronkhorst, C. A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hansen, B. L. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

332

Extra Dimensions: 3D and Time in PDF Documentation  

SciTech Connect

Experimental science is replete with multi-dimensional information which is often poorly represented by the two dimensions of presentation slides and print media. Past efforts to disseminate such information to a wider audience have failed for a number of reasons, including a lack of standards which are easy to implement and have broad support. Adobe's Portable Document Format (PDF) has in recent years become the de facto standard for secure, dependable electronic information exchange. It has done so by creating an open format, providing support for multiple platforms and being reliable and extensible. By providing support for the ECMA standard Universal 3D (U3D) file format in its free Adobe Reader software, Adobe has made it easy to distribute and interact with 3D content. By providing support for scripting and animation, temporal data can also be easily distributed to a wide, non-technical audience. We discuss how the field of radiation imaging could benefit from incorporating full 3D information about not only the detectors, but also the results of the experimental analyses, in its electronic publications. In this article, we present examples drawn from high-energy physics, mathematics and molecular biology which take advantage of this functionality. We demonstrate how 3D detector elements can be documented, using either CAD drawings or other sources such as GEANT visualizations as input.

Graf, N.A.; /SLAC

2012-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

333

Nanostructured catalyst supports  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to SiC nanostructures, including SiC nanopowder, SiC nanowires, and composites of SiC nanopowder and nanowires, which can be used as catalyst supports in membrane electrode assemblies and in fuel cells. The present invention also relates to composite catalyst supports comprising nanopowder and one or more inorganic nanowires for a membrane electrode assembly.

Zhu, Yimin; Goldman, Jay L.; Qian, Baixin; Stefan, Ionel C.

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

334

Direct-Write of Silicon and Germanium Nanostructures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Direct-Write of Silicon and Germanium Nanostructures Print Direct-Write of Silicon and Germanium Nanostructures Print Nanostructured materials (nanowires, nanotubes, nanoclusters, graphene) are attractive possible alternatives to traditionally microfabricated silicon in continuing the miniaturization trend in the electronics industry. To go from nanomaterials to electronics, however, the precise one-by-one assembly of billions of nanoelements into a functioning circuit is required-clearly not a simple task. An interdisciplinary team from the University of Washington, in collaboration with the ALS and the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, has devised a strategy that could make this task a little easier. They have demonstrated the ability to directly "write" nanostructures of Si, Ge, and SiGe with deterministic size, geometry, and placement control. As purity is essential for electronic-grade semiconductors, the resulting patterns were carefully evaluated for carbon contamination using photoemission electron microscopes at ALS Beamlines 7.3.1 and 11.0.1.

335

Printing out Particle Detectors with 3D-Printers, a Potentially Transformational Advance for HEP Instrumentation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This white paper suggests posing a "grand challenge" to the HEP instrumentation community, i.e. the aggressive development of additive manufacturing, also known as 3D-printing, for the production of particle detectors in collaboration with industry. This notion is an outcome of discussions within the instrumentation frontier group during the 2013 APS-DPF Snowmass summer study conducted by the U.S. HEP community. Improvements of current industrial 3D-printing capabilities by one to two orders of magnitude in terms of printing resolution, speed, and object size together with developing the ability to print composite materials could enable the production of any desired 3D detector structure directly from a digital model. Current industrial 3D-printing capabilities are briefly reviewed and contrasted with capabilities desired for printing detectors for particle physics, with micro-pattern gaseous detectors used as a first example. A significant impact on industrial technology could be expected if HEP were to part...

Hohlmann, M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Printing out Particle Detectors with 3D-Printers, a Potentially Transformational Advance for HEP Instrumentation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This white paper suggests posing a "grand challenge" to the HEP instrumentation community, i.e. the aggressive development of additive manufacturing, also known as 3D-printing, for the production of particle detectors in collaboration with industry. This notion is an outcome of discussions within the instrumentation frontier group during the 2013 APS-DPF Snowmass summer study conducted by the U.S. HEP community. Improvements of current industrial 3D-printing capabilities by one to two orders of magnitude in terms of printing resolution, speed, and object size together with developing the ability to print composite materials could enable the production of any desired 3D detector structure directly from a digital model. Current industrial 3D-printing capabilities are briefly reviewed and contrasted with capabilities desired for printing detectors for particle physics, with micro-pattern gaseous detectors used as a first example. A significant impact on industrial technology could be expected if HEP were to partner with industry in taking on such a challenge.

M. Hohlmann

2013-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

337

Virtual Frog Dissection: Interactive 3D Graphics Via the Web  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dissection: Interactive 3D Graphics Via the Web Dissection: Interactive 3D Graphics Via the Web David Robertson, William Johnston, and Wing Nip Imaging and Distributed Computing Group Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Published in Proceedings, The Second International WWW Conference '94: Mosaic and the Web, Chicago, IL (1994). Hyperlinks have been updated periodically to replace stale links. ABSTRACT We have developed a set of techniques for providing interactive 3D graphics via the World Wide Web (WWW) as part of the ``Whole Frog'' project [ 1 ]. We had three goals: (1) to provide K-12 biology students with the ability to explore the anatomy of a frog with a virtual dissection tool; (2) to show the feasibility of interactive visualization over the Web; and (3) to show the possibility for the Web and its associated browsers to be an

338

3D Visualization of Water Transport in Ferns  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3D Visualization of Water Transport 3D Visualization of Water Transport in Ferns 3D Visualization of Water Transport in Ferns Print Monday, 08 April 2013 00:00 Plants transport water through elongated cells called xylem. However, in trees such as eucalyptus or redwood, the xylem tissue-better known as wood-bears the weight of the branches and leaves, giving rise to the often massive canopies characteristic of these species. We know much about water transport in woody plants, but considerably less about primitive plants such as ferns. Not only have ferns played an important role in the evolution of trees and shrubs but collectively, these plant forms are a fascinating study in contrasts because ferns use xylem strictly for water transport, leaving structural support to other tissues. Given the global distribution and impressive diversity of ferns, how has their xylem evolved to deal with variable habitat water availability?

339

A 3-D Link between Antibiotic Resistance and Brain Disease  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A 3-D Link between Antibiotic Resistance and Brain Disease A 3-D Link between Antibiotic Resistance and Brain Disease The story of what makes certain types of bacteria resistant to a specific antibiotic has a sub-plot that gives insight into the cause of a rare form of brain degeneration among children, according to investigators at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital. The story takes a twist as key differences among the structures of its main molecular characters disappear and reappear as they are assembled in the cell. The story is based on a study of the three-dimensional (3-D) structure of an enzyme called pantothenate kinase, which triggers the first step in the production coenzyme A (CoA), a molecule that is indispensable to all forms of life. Enzymes are proteins that speed up biochemical reactions. CoA plays a pivotal role in the cells' ability to extract energy from fatty

340

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Look3D  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Look3D Look3D Look3D logo. A Windows program that creates three-dimensional, full-color surface plots from columnar data. These surface plots can be rotated and customized. Keywords three-dimensional, full-color surface plots from columnar data, energy-use data Validation/Testing N/A Expertise Required No special expertise required. Users International. Audience Anyone analyzing time series data. Input ASCII space delimited numeric files. Input should have time stamp for maximum usability. Output Visualization on screen. Computer Platform Windows 3.1 or higher. Programming Language Visual C++ (source not available). Strengths Particularly useful for visualizing load profile changes over time. Weaknesses N/A Contact Company: Energy Systems Laboratory Address: Building Energy Analysis Division

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanostructured materials 3d" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents: Application of 3D  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Application of 3D Radiative Transfer to Mountains Application of 3D Radiative Transfer to Mountains Chen, Yong UCLA Hall, Alex University of California, Los Angeles Liou, Kuo-Nan UCLA A large part of the land surface is not flat, but vertically structured. In mountain terrain, accurate calculations of the net radiation for slopes of varying gradient and orientation are of considerable importance in determining the energy budget of the surface. In order to evaluate the surface variations of total solar irradiance, it is necessary to calculate the direct, diffuse and terrain-reflected components. A 3D Monte Carlo radiative transfer model has been developed and applied to mountain surfaces to study the diurnal and seasonal changes in surface fluxes by choosing 9 different solar zenith angles, including noon, sunrise+1/2 hour,

342

A heightened radiosensitivity of stromal fibroblasts in 3D matrix  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

heightened radiosensitivity of stromal fibroblasts in 3D matrix heightened radiosensitivity of stromal fibroblasts in 3D matrix X. Liu, K. McHenry & Z. Yuan. Department of Genetics and Complex Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115 Our recent study suggested that stromal fibroblasts can sensitize cocultured epithelial cells to radiation exposure. Since stromal fibroblasts exhibit highly elongated cytoplasmic extensions (pseudopodia), which as shown in our previous study are essential to guide neighboring epithelial cells to form branching ducts, we asked whether radiation could interfere with the formation of fibroblasts' pseudopodium, which would then impair their ability to structurally and functionally support the associated epithelial cells. For this, HMFs were seeded in 3D and were either mock-treated or irradiated 24 h

343

3D Magnetotelluric characterization of the COSO GeothermalField  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Knowledge of the subsurface electrical resistivity/conductivity can contribute to a better understanding of complex hydrothermal systems, typified by Coso geothermal field, through mapping the geometry (bounds and controlling structures) over existing production. Three-dimensional magnetotelluric (MT) inversion is now an emerging technology for characterizing the resistivity structures of complex geothermal systems. The method appears to hold great promise, but histories exploiting truly 3D inversion that demonstrate the advantages that can be gained by acquiring and analyzing MT data in three dimensions are still few in number. This project will address said issue, by applying 3D MT forward modeling and inversion to a MT data set acquired over the Coso geothermal field. The goal of the project is to provide the capability to image large geothermal reservoirs in a single self-consistent model. Initial analysis of the Coso MT data has been carried out using 2D MT imaging technology to construct an initial 3D resistivity model from a series of 2D resistivity images obtained using the inline electric field measurements (Zxy impedance elements) along different measurement transects. This model will be subsequently refined through a 3D inversion process. The initial 3D resistivity model clearly shows the controlling geological structures possibly influencing well production at Coso. The field data however, also show clear three dimensionality below 1 Hz, demonstrating the limitations of 2D resistivity imaging. The 3D MT predicted data arising from this starting model show good correspondence in dominant components of the impedance tensor (Zxy and Zyx) above 1Hz. Below 1 Hz there is significant differences between the field data and the 2D model data.

Newman, Gregory A.; Hoversten, Michael; Gasperikova, Erika; Wannamaker, Philip E.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Simulation of rock fracture with the 3-D SHALE code  

SciTech Connect

The 3-D SHALE code simulates the propagation of stress waves and the occurrence of fracture in brittle solids. The physical models and numerical methods in this code are similar to those used in 2-D SHALE. We describe the 3-D code and present sample calculations for blasting in oil shale with a single isolated charge, an infinite array of charges, and an isolated pair of charges. These calculations illustrate the use of the code to simulate dynamic phenomena in complex geometric configurations. Some useful code improvements and possible applications are discussed. 8 references, 7 figures.

Nichols, B.D.; Adams, T.F.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

STELLOPT Modeling of the 3D Diagnostic Response in ITER  

SciTech Connect

The ITER three dimensional diagnostic response to an n=3 resonant magnetic perturbation is modeled using the STELLOPT code. The in-vessel coils apply a resonant magnetic perturbation (RMP) fi eld which generates a 4 cm edge displacement from axisymmetry as modeled by the VMEC 3D equilibrium code. Forward modeling of flux loop and magnetic probe response with the DIAGNO code indicates up to 20 % changes in measured plasma signals. Simulated LIDAR measurements of electron temperature indicate 2 cm shifts on the low field side of the plasma. This suggests that the ITER diagnostic will be able to diagnose the 3D structure of the equilibria.

Lazerson, Samuel A

2013-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

346

3D Object Digitization: Majority Interpolation and Marching Cubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a previous paper we showed that a 3D object can be digitized without changing the topology if the object is r-regular and if the reconstruction method fulfills certain requirements. In this paper we give two important examples for such reconstruction methods. First, we introduce Majority Interpolation, an algorithm to interpolate sampling points at doubled resolution such that topological ambiguities are resolved. Second, we show how the well-known Marching Cubes algorithm has to be modified such that it is topology preserving. This is the first approach of digitizing 3D objects which guarantees topology preservation for voxel-based or polygonal surface-based reconstructions. 1

Peer Stelldinger

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Creating bio-inspired hierarchical 3D-2D photonic stacks via planar lithography on self-assembled inverse opals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Structural hierarchy and complex 3D architecture are characteristics of biological photonic designs that are challenging to reproduce in synthetic materials. Top-down lithography allows for designer patterning of arbitrary shapes, but is largely restricted to planar 2D structures. Self-assembly techniques facilitate easy fabrication of 3D photonic crystals, but controllable defect-integration is difficult. In this paper we combine the advantages of top-down and bottom-up fabrication, developing two techniques to deposit 2D-lithographically-patterned planar layers on top of or in between inverse-opal 3D photonic crystals and creating hierarchical structures that resemble the architecture of the bright green wing scales of the butterfly, Parides sesostris. These fabrication procedures, combining advantages of both top-down and bottom-up fabrication, may prove useful in the development of omnidirectional coloration elements and 3D-2D photonic crystal devices.

Ian B. Burgess; Joanna Aizenberg; Marko Loncar

2012-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

348

Energy Absorbing Material  

To overcome limitations with cellular silicone foams, LLNL innovators have developed a new 3D energy absorbing material with tailored/engineered ...

349

Methods for and products of processing nanostructure nitride, carbonitride and oxycarbonitride electrode power materials by utilizing sol gel technology for supercapacitor applications  

SciTech Connect

Metal nitride, carbonitride, and oxycarbonitride powder with high surface area (up to 150 m.sup.2 /g) is prepared by using sol-gel process. The metal organic precursor, alkoxides or amides, is synthesized firstly. The metal organic precursor is modified by using unhydrolyzable organic ligands or templates. A wet gel is formed then by hydrolysis and condensation process. The solvent in the wet gel is then be removed supercritically to form porous amorphous hydroxide. This porous hydroxide materials is sintered to 725.degree. C. under the ammonia flow and porous nitride powder is formed. The other way to obtain high surface area nitride, carbonitride, and oxycarbonitride powder is to pyrolyze polymerized templated metal amides aerogel in an inert atmosphere. The electrochemical capacitors are prepared by using sol-gel prepared nitride, carbonitride, and oxycarbonitride powder. Two methods are used to assemble the capacitors. Electrode is formed either by pressing the mixture of nitride powder and binder to a foil, or by depositing electrode coating onto metal current collector. The binder or coating is converted into a continuous network of electrode material after thermal treatment to provide enhanced energy and power density. Liquid electrolyte is soaked into porous electrode. The electrochemical capacitor assembly further has a porous separator layer between two electrodes/electrolyte and forming a unit cell.

Huang, Yuhong (West Hills, CA); Wei, Oiang (West Hills, CA); Chu, Chung-tse (Chatsworth, CA); Zheng, Haixing (Oak Park, CA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Discovery, integration, and interrogation of biotic/abiotic materials and systems.  

SciTech Connect

Immobilization of individual cells and collections of cells in well-defined, reproducible, nano-to-microscale structures that allow structural and functional manipulation and interrogation is important for developing new classes of biotic/abiotic materials, for establishing the relationship between genotype and phenotype, and for elucidating responses to disease, injury/stress, or therapy - primary goals of biomedical research. Although there has been considerable recent progress in investigating the response of cells to chemical or topological patterns defined lithographically on 2D surfaces, it is time to advance from two-dimensional adhesion on dishes/fluidic devices to three-dimensional architectures that better represent the nanoporous, 3-D extracellular matrix (ECM). 3D immobilization in nanostructured hosts enables cells to be surrounded by other cells, maintains fluidic connectivity/accessibility, and allows development of 3-D molecular or chemical gradients that provide an instructive background to guide cellular behavior. Although 3-D cell immobilization in polymers, hydrogels, and inorganic gels has been practiced for decades, these approaches do not provide for bio/nano interfaces with 3D spatial control of topology and composition important to both the maintenance of natural cellular behavior patterns and the development of new non-native behaviors and functions. This LDRD project exploited our discovery of the ability of living cells to organize extended nanostructures and nano-objects in a manner that creates a unique, highly biocompatible bio/nano interface, mimicking the ECM, and maintaining cell viability, accessibility, and functionality (Baca et al. Science, 2006). Briefly, we found that, using short chain phospholipids to direct the formation of thin film silica mesophases during evaporation-induced self-assembly (EISA, Lu, Brinker et al. Nature 1997), the introduction of cells (yeast, Gram negative and positive bacteria, and several mammalian cells) alters profoundly the inorganic self-assembly pathway. Cells actively organize around themselves an ordered, multilayered lipid-membrane that interfaces coherently with a lipid-templated silica nanostructure. This bio/nano interface is unique in that it withstands drying (even evacuation) without cracking or the development of tensile stresses - yet it maintains accessibility to molecules, proteins/antibodies, plasmids, etc - introduced into the 3D silica host. Additionally cell viability is preserved for weeks to months in the absence of buffer or a fluidic architecture, making these constructs useful as standalone cell-based sensors. (On this basis, our sensors were launched to the space station for viability studies after exposure to vacuum and UV). The bio/nano interfaces we describe do not form 'passively' - rather they are a consequence of the cell's ability to sense and actively respond to external stimuli. During EISA, solvent evaporation concentrates the extracellular environment in osmolytes. In response to this hyperosmotic stress, the cells release water, creating a gradient in pH (and presumably other molecular components), which is maintained within the adjoining nanostructured host and serves to localize lipids, proteins, plasmids, lipidized nanocrystals, and a variety of other components at the cellular surface. This active organization of the bio/nano interface, which we refer to as cell directed assembly (CDA) can be accomplished during ink-jet printing or selective wetting - processes allowing patterning of cellular arrays - what's more we find that cells printed onto preformed, fluid lipid/silica mesophases integrate themselves within the silica nanostructure, creating a 3D environment essentially indistinguishable from that in CDA. We refer to this latterprocess as cell-directed integration (CDI). The synthetic constructs we have developed have allowed us to explore several fundamental questions concerning the mechanisms by which cells actively control nanostructure formation and function and conversely the mechanisms by which nanost

Dunphy, Darren Robert (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Brinker, C. Jeffrey; Ashley, Carlee E. (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Baca, Helen Kennicott (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Lopez, DeAnna M. (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Carnes, Eric C. (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM)

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Illuminating clay: a 3-D tangible interface for landscape analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a novel system for the real-time computational analysis of landscape models. Users of the system - called Illuminating Clay - alter the topography of a clay landscape model while the changing geometry is captured in real-time by ... Keywords: 3D laser scanner, DEM, GIS, landscape design, physical models, tangible user interface

Ben Piper; Carlo Ratti; Hiroshi Ishii

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

A geoscience perspective on immersive 3D gridded data visualization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe visualization software, Visualizer, that was developed specifically for interactive, visual exploration in immersive virtual reality (VR) environments. Visualizer uses carefully optimized algorithms and data structures to support the high ... Keywords: 3D data visualization, Immersive visualization, Interactive exploration, Virtual reality

Magali I. Billen; Oliver Kreylos; Bernd Hamann; Margarete A. Jadamec; Louise H. Kellogg; Oliver Staadt; Dawn Y. Sumner

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

3D hybrid simulation code using curvilinear coordinates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new simulation code using the hybrid approximation for modeling extraterrestrial plasma processes is described, which can be used in an arbitrary three-dimensional, ordered, hexahedral grid. Maxwell's equations are transformed using common tensor analysis ... Keywords: 3D, curvilinear, hybrid, plasma, simulation

T. Bagdonat; U. Motschmann

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Unencumbered 3D interaction with see-through displays  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Augmented Reality (AR) systems that employ user-worn display and sensor technology can be problematic for certain applications as the technology might, for instance, be encumbering to the user or limit the deployment options of the system. Spatial AR ... Keywords: 3D, augmented reality, gesture, interaction, interface, mixed reality, pose, public display, see-through, spatial display, touch

Alex Olwal

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Zigbee-based Internet of Things in 3D Terrains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper focuses on the Zigbee-based Internet of Things (IoTs) in 3D terrains. A novel simulation model for IoT is proposed. The effects of various terrains, node's mobility and traffic loads are investigated in this study. Many comprehensive studies ...

Mu-Sheng Lin, Jenq-Shiou Leu, Kuen-Han Li, Jean-Lien C. Wu

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

3D porosity prediction from seismic inversion and neural networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work, we address the problem of transforming seismic reflection data into an intrinsic rock property model. Specifically, we present an application of a methodology that allows interpreters to obtain effective porosity 3D maps from post-stack ... Keywords: Feed-forward neural network, Matlab, Reservoir characterization, Seismic inversion

Emilson Pereira Leite; Alexandre Campane Vidal

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Extra Dimensions: 3D and Time in PDF Documentation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High energy physics is replete with multi-dimensional information which is often poorly represented by the two dimensions of presentation slides and print media. Past efforts to disseminate such information to a wider audience have failed for a number of reasons, including a lack of standards which are easy to implement and have broad support. Adobe's Portable Document Format (PDF) has in recent years become the de facto standard for secure, dependable electronic information exchange. It has done so by creating an open format, providing support for multiple platforms and being reliable and extensible. By providing support for the ECMA standard Universal 3D (U3D) file format in its free Adobe Reader software, Adobe has made it easy to distribute and interact with 3D content. By providing support for scripting and animation, temporal data can also be easily distributed to a wide audience. In this talk, we present examples of HEP applications which take advantage of this functionality. We demonstrate how 3D detector elements can be documented, using either CAD drawings or other sources such as GEANT visualizations as input. Using this technique, higher dimensional data, such as LEGO plots or time-dependent information can be included in PDF files. In principle, a complete event display, with full interactivity, can be incorporated into a PDF file. This would allow the end user not only to customize the view and representation of the data, but to access the underlying data itself.

Graf, Norman A.; /SLAC

2011-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

358

Performance Analysis of Leading HPC Architectures With Beambeam3D  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High energy colliders are essential to study the inner structure of nuclear and elementary particles. A parallel particle simulation code, BeamBeam3D, has been developed and actively used to model the beam dynamics and to optimize the performance of ... Keywords: HPC application, accelerator modeling, performance optimization, performance tuning

Hongzhang Shan; Erich Strohmaier; Ji Qiang

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Reinforced concrete perforation and penetration simulation using AUTODYN-3D  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

3D hydrocode simulation on the perforation and penetration of reinforced concrete target has been performed. The simulation aims to examine the influence of the following constitutive models for concrete on a projectile's residual velocity: (1) constant-yield ... Keywords: Constitutive model, Hydrocode, Perforation, Projectile, Reinforced concrete

C. Y. Tham

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Editing the topology of 3D models by sketching  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a method for modifying the topology of a 3D model with user control. The heart of our method is a guided topology editing algorithm. Given a source model and a user-provided target shape, the algorithm modifies the source so that the ... Keywords: skeleton, sketching, topology repair

Tao Ju; Qian-Yi Zhou; Shi-Min Hu

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanostructured materials 3d" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Using X3D for medical training simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nowadays medical training simulators play an important role in education and further training of surgeons. With Virtual Reality based training systems it is possible to simulate a surgery under realistic conditions. Input data for the visualization of ... Keywords: GPU raycasting, X3D, haptics, medical training simulators, volume rendering

Yvonne Jung; Ruth Recker; Manuel Olbrich; Ulrich Bockholt

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Interactive painterly stylization of images, videos and 3D animations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We introduce a real-time system that converts images, video, or 3D animation sequences to artistic renderings in various painterly styles. The algorithm, which is entirely executed on the GPU, can efficiently process 512 resolution frames containing ... Keywords: GPU processing, non-photorealistic rendering, painterly rendering, particle systems, video processing

Jingwan Lu; Pedro V. Sander; Adam Finkelstein

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Auto-tuning 3-D FFT library for CUDA GPUs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Existing implementations of FFTs on GPUs are optimized for specific transform sizes like powers of two, and exhibit unstable and peaky performance i.e., do not perform as well in other sizes that appear in practice. Our new auto-tuning 3-D FFT on CUDA ...

Akira Nukada; Satoshi Matsuoka

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Programmable rendering of line drawing from 3D scenes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article introduces a programmable approach to nonphotorealistic line drawings from 3D models, inspired by programmable shaders in traditional rendering. This approach relies on the assumption generally made in NPR that style attributes (color, thickness, ... Keywords: Line drawing, nonphotorealistic rendering (NPR), style

Stéphane Grabli; Emmanuel Turquin; Frédo Durand; François X. Sillion

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Prototypes for automated architectural 3D-layout  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Prototypes for automated spatial layout in architecture focus on approaches, which define occupiable space as an orthogonal 2D-grid and use algorithms to allocate each rectangle of the grid to a particular function. However, these approaches are limiting ... Keywords: 3D-modeling and automated spatial layout, euclidean and non-euclidean geometries, satisfiability

Henriette Bier; Adriaan De Jong; Niels Brouwers; Marijn Heule; Hans Van Maaren / Gijs Van Der Hoorn

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

3D atmospheric modeling based on MODTRAN4  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

All the factors of atmospheric environment that influence the transmission of infrared radiation were analyzed in detail in the paper. Taking horizontally varying atmospheric property into consideration, a 3D model of atmospheric transmission of infrared ... Keywords: MODTRAN4, infrared radiation, model, path radiation, ratio of atmospheric transmission, simulation, single scatter solar radiation

Ge Li; Zhifeng Lu; Gang Guo; Kedi Huang

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

A survey on CAD methods in 3D garment design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the advance in virtual reality applications, garment industry has strived for new developments. This paper reviews state-of-the-art CAD methods in 3D garment design. A large range of techniques are selected and organized into several key modules ... Keywords: CAD methods, Feature modeling, Garments

Yong-Jin Liu; Dong-Liang Zhang; Matthew Ming-Fai Yuen

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Photo tourism: exploring photo collections in 3D  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present a system for interactively browsing and exploring large unstructured collections of photographs of a scene using a novel 3D interface. Our system consists of an image-based modeling front end that automatically computes the viewpoint of each ... Keywords: image-based modeling, image-based rendering, photo browsing, structure from motion

Noah Snavely; Steven M. Seitz; Richard Szeliski

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

3D Hydro + Cascade model at RHIC and LHC  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using the 3D Hydro + UrQMD model which can explain hot and bulk QCD matter created at RHIC successfully, we show a prediction of one particle distributions and flow at LHC. Besides, we discuss the QCD critical point search in heavy ion collisions from point of view of quantitative analyses.

Nonaka, Chiho [Department of Physics, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8602 (Japan)

2010-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

370

Designing stories: practices of narrative in 3D computer games  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Drawing on theories from game-, film-, and theatre studies, this paper explores two primary ways in which 3D computer games deal with stories. As evident in how these games are creatively designed and publically discussed, one of these approaches focuses ... Keywords: film, game design, immersion, media comparison, narratology, presentation, representation, storytelling, theatre

Teun Dubbelman

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Drilling into Complex 3D Models with Gimlenses Cyprien Pindat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Neira et al. 1992]. For instance, Boeing's 777 air- liner was entirely modeled using CAD software into complex 3D models with gimlenses. In Proceedings of the 19th ACM Symposium on Virtual Reality Software and Technology (VRST '13). ACM. 223-230. c ACM, 2013. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here

Recanati, Catherine

372

3Book: A Scalable 3D Virtual Book  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes the 3Book, a 3D interactive visualization of a codex book as a component for digital library and information-intensive applications. The 3Book is able to represent books of almost unlimited length, allows users to read large format books, and has features to enhance reading and sensemaking.

Stuart K. Card; Lichan Hong; Jock D. Mackinlay; Ed H. Chi; H. Chi

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

3Book: A 3D Electronic Smart Book  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes the 3Book, a 3D interactive visualization of a codex book as a component for various digital library and sensemaking systems. The book is designed to hold large books and to support sensemaking operations by readers. The book includes methods in which the automatic semantic analysis of the book's content is used to dynamically tailor access.

Stuart K. Card; Lichan Hong; Jock D. Mackinlay; Ed H. Chi; H. Chi

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Camera and projector arrays for immersive 3D video  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Applying recent advances in multi-imager capture and multi-projector display, we combine capabilities through the Nizza multimedia dataflow architecture to deliver low-cost wide-VGA-quality low-latency autostereoscopic 3D display of live video on a single ... Keywords: autostereo immersive display, multi-viewpoint capture, multi-viewpoint display

Harlyn Baker; Zeyu Li

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

The wise cursor: assisted selection in 3D serious games  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years, the evolution of 3D graphics hardware and software has lead to a growing interest for serious games in three-dimensional virtual environments for learning, training, and rehabilitation. Many of these games are based on a first-person-shooter ... Keywords: Accessible user interfaces, Interactive selection, Navigation in virtual environments, Serious games

Sergio Moya; Sergi Grau; Dani Tost

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Development of Multi-modal 3D Characterization Systems to ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

P1-04: 3D Microstructural Characterization of Uranium Oxide as a Surrogate Nuclear ... P1-15: Gating System Optimisation Design Study of a Cast Automobile ... P2-27: Characterization of Carbonate Rocks through X-ray Microtomography.

377

3D Characterization of Microstructural Evolution in Anisotropic ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

P1-04: 3D Microstructural Characterization of Uranium Oxide as a Surrogate Nuclear ... P1-15: Gating System Optimisation Design Study of a Cast Automobile ... P2-27: Characterization of Carbonate Rocks through X-ray Microtomography.

378

Stereoscopic architecture of 3-D ready DLP-based HDTVs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

DLP® Technology has existed for over twenty years with a wide range of products currently in production. The legacy of DLP technology includes innovations such as single-chip color displays and SmoothPicture™ technology. Recent technological ... Keywords: 3-D, DLP, HDTV, stereoscopic

Keith Elliott; David Hutchison

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Underwater 3D Mapping: Experiences and Lessons learned  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper provides details on the development of a tool to aid in 3D coral reef mapping designed to be operated by a single diver and later integrated into an autonomous robot. We discuss issues that influence the deployment and development of underwater ...

Andrew Hogue; Andrew German; James Zacher; Michael Jenkin

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Generalized holomorphic Szegö kernel in 3D spheroids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Monogenic orthogonal polynomials over 3D prolate spheroids were previously introduced and shown to have some remarkable properties. In particular, the underlying functions take values in the quaternions (identified with R^4), and are generally assumed ... Keywords: Chebyshev polynomials, Ferrer's associated Legendre functions, Hyperbolic functions, Prolate spheroidal monogenics, Quaternion analysis, Szegö kernel function

J. Morais; K. I. Kou; W. SpröíIg

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanostructured materials 3d" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Addressing thermal and power delivery bottlenecks in 3D circuits  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The enhanced packing densities facilitated by 3D integrated circuit technology also has an unwanted side-effect, in the form of increasing the amount of current per unit footprint of the chip, as compared to a 2D design. This has ramifications on two ...

Sachin S. Sapatnekar

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

FEM based 3D tumor growth prediction for kidney tumor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is important to predict the tumor growth so that appropriate treatment can be planned especially in the early stage. In this paper, we propose a finite element method (FEM) based 3D tumor growth prediction system using longitudinal kidney tumor images. ... Keywords: finite element method, kidney tumor, segmentation, tumor growth prediction

Xinjian Chen; Ronald Summers; Jianhua Yao

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

3D Imaging of Evaporating Fuel Droplets by Stereoscopic PIV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A gun-type burner is a widely used oil burner for industrial and domestic applications. The oil is pressure-atomized and mixed with air generating a recirculating, swirling flow. Because of the surrounding flame, fuel droplets evaporate, being difficult ... Keywords: 3D PIV, Stereoscopic PIV, droplet dynamics, spray combustion

V. Palero; Y. Ikeda

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Multiscale materials design of natural exoskeletons : fish armor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biological materials have developed hierarchical and heterogeneous material nanostructures and microstructures to provide protection against various environmental threats that, in turn, provide bioinspired clues to man-made, ...

Song, Juha

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Lensless Imaging of Magnetic Nanostructures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Magnetic Nanostructures Print Magnetism is useful for many devices and techniques, from electric motors and computer hard drives to magnetic resonance imaging used in medicine....

386

Nanostructured metal foams: synthesis and applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Fabrication of monolithic metallic nanoporous materials is difficult using conventional methodology. Here they report a relatively simple method of synthesizing monolithic, ultralow density, nanostructured metal foams utilizing self-propagating combustion synthesis of novel metal complexes containing high nitrogen energetic ligands. Nanostructured metal foams are formed in a post flame-front dynamic assembly with densities as low as 0.011 g/cc and surface areas as high as 270 m{sup 2}/g. They have produced metal foams via this method of titanium, iron, cobalt, nickel, zirconium, copper, palladium, silver, hafnium, platinum and gold. Microstructural features vary as a function of composition and process parameters. Applications for the metal foams are discussed including hydrogen absorption in palladium foams. A model for the sorption kinetics of hydrogen in the foams is presented.

Luther, Erik P [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tappan, Bryce [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mueller, Alex [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mihaila, Bogdan [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Volz, Heather [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Cardenas, Andreas [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Papin, Pallas [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Veauthier, Jackie [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Stan, Marius [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Beyond 3-D X-ray Imaging: Methodology Development and Applications in  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Beyond 3-D X-ray Imaging: Methodology Development and Applications in Beyond 3-D X-ray Imaging: Methodology Development and Applications in Material Science Thursday, September 6, 2012 - 10:45am SLAC, Bldg. 137, Room 226 Yijin Liu Seminar There was a revolutionary development of X-ray imaging over the past few decades. The most substantial advancements in this field are closely related to the availability of the new generation of X-ray sources and the advanced X-ray optics. The advanced X-ray Optics along with novel methodology has made it possible to extract information that is related to different interactions between the X-rays and the specimen at very fine spatial resolution. The energy tunability of the X-rays has made it possible to combine the energy scan with imaging technique. And the brilliance of the X-ray source has made it practical for many sophisticated

388

Parallel 3-D S{sub N} performance for DANTSYS/MPI on the Cray T3D  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A data parallel version of the 3-D transport solver in DANTSYS has been in use on the SIMD CM-200`s at LANL since 1994. This version typically obtains grind times of 150--200 nanoseconds on a 2,048 PE CM-200. The authors have now implemented a new message passing parallel version of DANTSYS, referred to as DANTSYS/MPI, on the 512 PE Cray T3D at Los Alamos. By taking advantage of the SPMD architecture of the Cray T3D, as well as its low latency communications network, they have managed to achieve grind times of less than 10 nanoseconds on real problems. DANTSYS/MPI is fully accelerated using DSA on both the inner and outer iterations. This paper describes the implementation of DANTSYS/MPI on the Cray T3D, and presents two simple performance models for the transport sweep which accurately predict the grind time as a function of the number of PE`s and problem size, or scalability.

Baker, R.S.; Alcouffe, R.E. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States). Transport Methods Group

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

P1-03: 3D Microstructural Architectures for Metal and Alloy ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

P2-03: 3D Characterization of High Burn-up MOX Fuel · P2-04: 3D Identification of Inclusions in NiTi Alloy after Electropolishing · P2-05: Advances in 3D Imaging  ...

390

A New Filtering Strategy for Noise Reduction on High Noise 3D Data ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

P2-03: 3D Characterization of High Burn-up MOX Fuel · P2-04: 3D Identification of Inclusions in NiTi Alloy after Electropolishing · P2-05: Advances in 3D Imaging  ...

391

P3-17: Modeling 3D Grain Coarsening Based on Tomography Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

P2-03: 3D Characterization of High Burn-up MOX Fuel · P2-04: 3D Identification of Inclusions in NiTi Alloy after Electropolishing · P2-05: Advances in 3D Imaging  ...

392

The Influence of Microstructure on 3D Crack Morphologies in a New ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

P2-03: 3D Characterization of High Burn-up MOX Fuel · P2-04: 3D Identification of Inclusions in NiTi Alloy after Electropolishing · P2-05: Advances in 3D Imaging  ...

393

Full waveform inversion of a 3-D source inside an artificial rock  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of a 3-D Source Inside an Artificial Rock Albert C. To andof a 3-D source inside an artificial rock plate inof a 3-D source inside an artificial rock plate is

To, A C; Glaser, Steven D

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

3D Mt Resistivity Imaging For Geothermal Resource Assessment And  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Resistivity Imaging For Geothermal Resource Assessment And Resistivity Imaging For Geothermal Resource Assessment And Environmental Mitigation At The Glass Mountain Kgra, California Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: 3D Mt Resistivity Imaging For Geothermal Resource Assessment And Environmental Mitigation At The Glass Mountain Kgra, California Details Activities (3) Areas (2) Regions (0) Abstract: MT and TDEM surveys acquired in 2005 were integrated with existing MT and TDEM data recovered from obsolete formats to characterize the geometry of the geothermal reservoir. An interpretation based on the correlation of the 3D MT resistivity with well properties indicated that most of the previous exploration wells had been tarted close to but not in the center of areas tha appeared most likely to be permeable. Such

395

3D MAGNETOTELLURIC CHARACTERIZATION OF THE COSO GEOTHERMAL FIELD | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CHARACTERIZATION OF THE COSO GEOTHERMAL FIELD CHARACTERIZATION OF THE COSO GEOTHERMAL FIELD Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: 3D Magnetotelluric characterization of the COSO Geothermal Field Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: Knowledge of the subsurface electrical resistivity/conductivity can contribute to a better understanding of complex hydrothermal systems, typified by Coso geothermal field, through mapping the geometry (bounds and controlling structures) over existing production. Three-dimensional magnetotelluric (MT) inversion is now an emerging technology for characterizing the resistivity structures of complex geothermal systems. The method appears to hold great promise, but histories exploiting truly 3D inversion that demonstrate the advantages that can be gained by acquiring

396

Architectural Advancements in RELAP5-3D  

SciTech Connect

As both the computer industry and field of nuclear science and engineering move forward, there is a need to improve the computing tools used in the nuclear industry to keep pace with these changes. By increasing the capability of the codes, the growing modeling needs of nuclear plant analysis will be met and advantage can be taken of more powerful computer languages and architecture. In the past eighteen months, improvements have been made to RELAP5-3D [1] for these reasons. These architectural advances include code restructuring, conversion to Fortran 90, high performance computing upgrades, and rewriting of the RELAP5 Graphical User Interface (RGUI) [2] and XMGR5 [3] in Java. These architectural changes will extend the lifetime of RELAP5-3D, reduce the costs for development and maintenance, and improve it speed and reliability.

Dr. George L. Mesina

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Solar Particle Acceleration at Reconnecting 3D Null Points  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Context: The strong electric fields associated with magnetic reconnection in solar flares are a plausible mechanism to accelerate populations of high energy, non-thermal particles. One such reconnection scenario occurs at a 3D magnetic null point, where global plasma flows give rise to strong currents in the spine axis or fan plane. Aims: To understand the mechanism of charged particle energy gain in both the external drift region and the diffusion region associated with 3D magnetic reconnection. In doing so we evaluate the efficiency of resistive spine and fan models for particle acceleration, and find possible observables for each. Method: We use a full orbit test particle approach to study proton trajectories within electromagnetic fields that are exact solutions to the steady and incompressible magnetohydrodynamic equations. We study single particle trajectories and find energy spectra from many particle simulations. The scaling properties of the accelerated particles with respect to field and plasma para...

Stanier, Adam J; Dalla, Silvia

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Automatic generation of bas-reliefs from 3D shapes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

generated by our method and their profiles (middle images). A bas-relief of the Stanford Armadillo model on a bended cylinder (most-right image). In this paper, we introduce and study a new problem of converting a given 3D shape (or a 2.5D range data) into a bas-relief. The problem can be considered as a geometry counterpart of the HDR image compression problem widely studied in computer graphics. In our approach to the shape bas-reliefing problem, we combine the concepts of mesh saliency, shape exaggerating, and discrete differential coordinates. The final bas-relief has a small width, preserves salient features of the original 3D shape, and, therefore, can be used for shape decorating purposes. 1

Wenhao Song; Alexander Belyaev; Hans-peter Seidel

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Electric field in 3D gravity with torsion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is shown that in static and spherically symmetric configurations of the system of Maxwell field coupled to 3D gravity with torsion, at least one of the Maxwell field components has to vanish. Restricting our attention to the electric sector of the theory, we find an interesting exact solution, corresponding to the azimuthal electric field. Its geometric structure is to a large extent influenced by the values of two different central charges, associated to the asymptotic AdS structure of spacetime.

M. Blagojevi?; B. Cvetkovi?

2008-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

400

3-d lattice SU(3) free energy to four loops  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on the perturbative computation of the 3d lattice Yang-Mills free energy to four loops by means of Numerical Stochastic Perturbation Theory. The known first and second orders have been correctly reproduced; the third and fourth order coefficients are new results and the known logarithmic IR divergence in the fourth order has been correctly identified. Progress is being made in switching to the gluon mass IR regularization and the related inclusion of the Faddeev-Popov determinant.

F. Di Renzo; A. Mantovi; V. Miccio; Y. Schroder; C. Torrero

2004-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanostructured materials 3d" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Development of a 3D GIS database model for geotechnical analysis incorporating geostatistics.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The application of 3D GIS and geostatistical tools in geotechnical fields enables geotechnical engineers to think spatially and make decision wisely. To support the 3D… (more)

Gao, Shan.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Adding a True 3-D Display to a Raster Graphics System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Experimental 3-D Graphics System Can Be Added to Standard Raster Graphics Systems at Modest Expense. It Promises Much Broader Access to Effective 3-D Display.

H. Fuchs; S. M. Pizer; Li Ching Tsai; S. H. Bloomberg; E. R. Heinz

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Development of an embedded 3D graphics processor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Limitations in processing ability cause major graphical enhancements, such as support for real-time 3D graphics, to be next to impossible within embedded devices. Due to the size, power, and heat dissipation requirements, modern graphics hardware is usually restricted to systems on the scale of personal computers or larger. For this thesis, we have defined a 3D graphics co-processor that is targeted to work on a more embedded scale. The system is specified by limiting it to fixed-point light processing and rasterization. A set of object primitives and instructions are defined to adequately describe almost any scene. These primitives are used to design the algorithms and architecture behind a set of modular functional units. The units are used to realize the processor requirements and features, which include light processing, z-buffering, texturing, and transparency. In order to ensure that the system architecture is versatile in its design, the functional units are analyzed for performance, reconfigurability, and possible trade-offs. A set of both synchronous and asynchronous architectures are proposed using the functional unit blocks. Through cycle accurate comparative simulation, we analyzed the effectiveness of each architecture and found that a hybrid architecture provides the best hardware to speed trade-off between the architectures considered. An appropriate system interface and parallel configuration are also discussed. The end result of the thesis provides a road map for anyone designing a general purpose or application optimized embedded 3D co-processor.

Murray, Brian

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Particle trajectories and acceleration during 3D fan reconnection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Context. The primary energy release in solar flares is almost certainly due to magnetic reconnection, making this a strong candidate as a mechanism for particle acceleration. While particle acceleration in 2D geometries has been widely studied, investigations in 3D are a recent development. Two main classes of reconnection regimes at a 3D magnetic null point have been identified: fan and spine reconnection Aims. Here we investigate particle trajectories and acceleration during reconnection at a 3D null point, using a test particle numerical code, and compare the efficiency of the fan and spine regimes in generating an energetic particle population. Methods. We calculated the time evolution of the energy spectra. We discuss the geometry of particle escape from the two configurations and characterise the trapped and escaped populations. Results. We find that fan reconnection is less efficent than spine reconnection in providing seed particles to the region of strong electric field where acceleration is possible. The establishment of a steady-state spectrum requires approximately double the time in fan reconnection. The steady-state energy spectrum at intermediate energies (protons 1 keV to 0.1 MeV) is comparable in the fan and spine regimes. While in spine reconnection particle escape takes place in two symmetric jets along the spine, in fan reconnection no jets are produced and particles escape in the fan plane, in a ribbon-like structure.

S. Dalla; P. K. Browning

2008-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

405

Magnetism In 3d Transition Metals at High Pressures  

SciTech Connect

This research project examined the changes in electronic and magnetic properties of transition metals and oxides under applied pressures, focusing on complex relationship between magnetism and phase stability in these correlated electron systems. As part of this LDRD project, we developed new measurement techniques and adapted synchrotron-based electronic and magnetic measurements for use in the diamond anvil cell. We have performed state-of-the-art X-ray spectroscopy experiments at the dedicated high-pressure beamline HP-CAT (Sector 16 Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory), maintained in collaboration with of University of Nevada, Las Vegas and Geophysical Laboratory of The Carnegie Institution of Washington. Using these advanced measurements, we determined the evolution of the magnetic order in the ferromagnetic 3d transition metals (Fe, Co and Ni) under pressure, and found that at high densities, 3d band broadening results in diminished long range magnetic coupling. Our experiments have allowed us to paint a unified picture of the effects of pressure on the evolution of magnetic spin in 3d electron systems. The technical and scientific advances made during this LDRD project have been reported at a number of scientific meetings and conferences, and have been submitted for publication in technical journals. Both the technical advances and the physical understanding of correlated systems derived from this LDRD are being applied to research on the 4f and 5f electron systems under pressure.

Iota, V

2006-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

406

A Quality Assurance Method that Utilizes 3D Dosimetry and Facilitates Clinical Interpretation  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To demonstrate a new three-dimensional (3D) quality assurance (QA) method that provides comprehensive dosimetry verification and facilitates evaluation of the clinical significance of QA data acquired in a phantom. Also to apply the method to investigate the dosimetric efficacy of base-of-skull (BOS) intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) treatment. Methods and Materials: Two types of IMRT QA verification plans were created for 6 patients who received BOS IMRT. The first plan enabled conventional 2D planar IMRT QA using the Varian portal dosimetry system. The second plan enabled 3D verification using an anthropomorphic head phantom. In the latter, the 3D dose distribution was measured using the DLOS/Presage dosimetry system (DLOS = Duke Large-field-of-view Optical-CT System, Presage Heuris Pharma, Skillman, NJ), which yielded isotropic 2-mm data throughout the treated volume. In a novel step, measured 3D dose distributions were transformed back to the patient's CT to enable calculation of dose-volume histograms (DVH) and dose overlays. Measured and planned patient DVHs were compared to investigate clinical significance. Results: Close agreement between measured and calculated dose distributions was observed for all 6 cases. For gamma criteria of 3%, 2 mm, the mean passing rate for portal dosimetry was 96.8% (range, 92.0%-98.9%), compared to 94.9% (range, 90.1%-98.9%) for 3D. There was no clear correlation between 2D and 3D passing rates. Planned and measured dose distributions were evaluated on the patient's anatomy, using DVH and dose overlays. Minor deviations were detected, and the clinical significance of these are presented and discussed. Conclusions: Two advantages accrue to the methods presented here. First, treatment accuracy is evaluated throughout the whole treated volume, yielding comprehensive verification. Second, the clinical significance of any deviations can be assessed through the generation of DVH curves and dose overlays on the patient's anatomy. The latter step represents an important development that advances the clinical relevance of complex treatment QA.

Oldham, Mark, E-mail: mark.oldham@duke.edu [Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina (United States)] [Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina (United States); Thomas, Andrew; O'Daniel, Jennifer; Juang, Titania [Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina (United States)] [Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina (United States); Ibbott, Geoffrey [University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States)] [University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Adamovics, John [Rider University, Lawrenceville, New Jersey (United States)] [Rider University, Lawrenceville, New Jersey (United States); Kirkpatrick, John P. [Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina (United States)] [Radiation Oncology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina (United States)

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Three-Dimensional Composite Nanostructures for Lean NOx Emission Control  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In this project, through a scalable solution process, we have successfully fabricated a new class of catalytic reactors, i.e., the composite nanostructure array (nano-array) based catalytic converters. These nanocatalysts, distinct from traditional powder washcoat based catalytic converters, directly integrate monolithic substrates together with nanostructures with well-defined size and shape during the scalable hydrothermal process. The new monolithic nanocatalysts are demonstrated to be able to save raw materials including Pt-group metals and support metal oxides by an order of magnitude, while perform well at various oxidation (e.g., CO oxidation and NO oxidation) and reduction reactions (H{sub 2} reduction of NOx) involved in the lean NOx emissions. The size, shape and arrangement of the composite nanostructures within the monolithic substrates are found to be the key in enabling the drastically reduced materials usage while maintaining the good catalytic reactivity in the enabled devices. The further understanding of the reaction kinetics associated with the unique mass transport and surface chemistry behind is needed for further optimizing the design and fabrication of good nanostructure array based catalytic converters. On the other hand, the high temperature stability, hydrothermal aging stability, as well as S-poisoning resistance have been investigated in this project on the nanocatalysts, which revealed promising results toward good chemical and mechanical robustness, as well as S-poisoning resistance. Further investigation is needed for unraveling the understanding, design and selection principles of this new class of nanostructure based monolithic catalysts.

Gao, Pu-Xian

2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

408

Thin Film and nanostructure Processing Staff  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thin Film Nanostructure Staff Directory. John Bonevich, Group Leader. Shari Beauchamp, Office Assistant. STAFF & NRC POSTDOCS. ...

2013-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

409

Engineering Nanostructured Materials for Extreme Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Corrosion Resistance in the Exploration of Subterranean Energy Sources ... Rising challenges for the petroleum refiners in managing corrosion risks.

410

Materials That Power Our World – Nanostructured Carbon  

Solar C-FD n-type •Common p-type is polythiophene ... Strong Earnings Potential •Positive outlook for energy and electronics •Proprietary C -FD and C-Ink

411

Composite, nanostructured, super-hydrophobic material - Energy ...  

Hydrogen and Fuel Cell; Hydropower, Wave and Tidal; Industrial Technologies; Solar Photovoltaic; Solar Thermal; Startup America; ... July 27, 2004: Government Interests:

412

Materials and Processing Issues in Nanostructured Semiconductor ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recently studies indicate that the most noble metal, gold, on transition metal oxides could have important applications for room-temperature catalytic oxidation of ...

413

Nanostructured Materials for Rechargeable Batteries and for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 15, 2013... synthesis and application of high performance biochars with tuned porosity and surface functionality, Si and Ge nanowires, novel oxides for ...

414

Design and Applications of Nanostructured Energy Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new class of molecularly-tailored nanomaterials and interfaces for energy conversion and thermal management · Atomic-Scale Understanding of Deformation ...

415

Nanostructured or Nanocrystalline Materials - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 5, 2013 ... Using a bottom-up approach, W-based alloys, including W-Mo-Fe, have been produced using high energy ball milling and consolidated with ...

416

The magnetocaloric effect in nanostructured materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Giant magnetocaloric effect: Is there room for improvement? ... magnetocaloric properties and magnetoresistance in Mn-rich Mn50.5-xNi41Sn8.5+x alloys.

417

The Molecular Foundry - Theory of Nanostructured Materials -...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

J. B. Neaton, "Length Dependence of Conductance in Aromatic Single-Molecule Junctions," Nano Letters, 9, 3949 (2009). pdf Z. Wu, J. B. Neaton and J. C. Grossman, "Charge...

418

Nanostructured Energy Materials for Advanced Technical Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For photovoltaic solar cells and solar thermal devices such as Concentrated ... for the Synthesis of Aluminum Oxide Nanofibers: Features and Specifications of ...

419

Characterizing Nanostructured Magnetic Materials with Photonic ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... synchrotron light source facilities have been constructed and instrumentation .... data acquisition computer, which also controls the etalon scanning stage.

420

The capture and dissemination of integrated 3D geospatial knowledge at the British Geological Survey using GSI3D software and methodology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Geological Surveying and Investigation in 3 Dimensions (GSI3D) software tool and methodology has been developed over the last 15 years. Since 2001 this has been in cooperation with the British Geological Survey (BGS). To-date over a hundred BGS geologists ... Keywords: 3D geological modelling, 3D visualisation, Geoscience education, Knowledge capture, Systematic geological surveying

Holger Kessler; Steve Mathers; Hans-Georg Sobisch

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanostructured materials 3d" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Center for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy at University of Massachusetts 3D Model of Heat Transfer and Fluid3D Model of Heat Transfer and Fluid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Center for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy at University of Massachusetts 3D Model of Heat for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy at University of Massachusetts 3D Model of Heat Transfer and Fluid WindowModeling a 3D Window Future WorkFuture Work #12;Center for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

422

Nanostructured multifilamentary carbon-copper composites: fabrication, microstructural characterization, and properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work is part of research on the emerging techniques to produce bulk nanostructured composites materials by severe plastic deformation and their characterization. Based on the Levi work, we present a new method to synthesize a composite wirecontaining ...

Evarice Yama Nzoma; Alain Guillet; Philippe Pareige

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Wetting and phase-change phenomena on micro/nanostructures for enhanced heat transfer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Micro/nanostructures have been extensively studied to amplify the intrinsic wettability of materials to create superhydrophilic or superhydrophobic surfaces. Such extreme wetting properties can influence the heat transfer ...

Xiao, Rong, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Streamlining of the RELAP5-3D Code  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

RELAP5-3D is widely used by the nuclear community to simulate general thermal hydraulic systems and has proven to be so versatile that the spectrum of transient two-phase problems that can be analyzed has increased substantially over time. To accommodate the many new types of problems that are analyzed by RELAP5-3D, both the physics and numerical methods of the code have been continuously improved. In the area of computational methods and mathematical techniques, many upgrades and improvements have been made decrease code run time and increase solution accuracy. These include vectorization, parallelization, use of improved equation solvers for thermal hydraulics and neutron kinetics, and incorporation of improved library utilities. In the area of applied nuclear engineering, expanded capabilities include boron and level tracking models, radiation/conduction enclosure model, feedwater heater and compressor components, fluids and corresponding correlations for modeling Generation IV reactor designs, and coupling to computational fluid dynamics solvers. Ongoing and proposed future developments include improvements to the two-phase pump model, conversion to FORTRAN 90, and coupling to more computer programs. This paper summarizes the general improvements made to RELAP5-3D, with an emphasis on streamlining the code infrastructure for improved maintenance and development. With all these past, present and planned developments, it is necessary to modify the code infrastructure to incorporate modifications in a consistent and maintainable manner. Modifying a complex code such as RELAP5-3D to incorporate new models, upgrade numerics, and optimize existing code becomes more difficult as the code grows larger. The difficulty of this as well as the chance of introducing errors is significantly reduced when the code is structured. To streamline the code into a structured program, a commercial restructuring tool, FOR_STRUCT, was applied to the RELAP5-3D source files. The methodology employed follows Dijkstra's structured programming paradigm, which is based on splitting programs into sub-sections, each with single points of entry and exit and in which control is passed downward through the structure with no unconditional branches to higher levels. GO TO commands are typically avoided, since they alter the flow and control of a program’s execution by allowing a jump from one place in the routine to another. The restructuring of RELAP5-3D subroutines is complicated by several issues. The first is use of code other than standard FORTRAN77. The second is restructuring limitations of FOR_STRUCT. The third is existence of pre-compiler directives and the complication of nested directives. Techniques were developed to overcome all these difficulties and more and these are reported. By implementing these developments, all subroutines of RELAP were restructured. Measures of code improvement relative to maintenance and development are presented.

Mesina, George L; Hykes, Joshua; Guillen, Donna Post

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

3D Hopkinson bar: new experiments for dynamic testing on soils  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The direct analysis of the dynamic response of materials is possible using Split Hopkinson pressure bar method. For soils, it has to be adapted since the specimen has generally poor mechanical properties. An original experimental arrangement called "Three-Dimensional Split Hopkinson Pressure Bar" (3D SHPB) is proposed. It allows the measurement of the complete three-dimensional dynamic response of soils. Different types of confinement systems are used. The results on different loading paths are compared with other works on sand and clay. The analysis at grain-size level gives further elements on the comminution process.

Semblat, J F; Gary, G

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

3D ultrasound imaging for prosthesis fabrication and diagnostic imaging  

SciTech Connect

The fabrication of a prosthetic socket for a below-the-knee amputee requires knowledge of the underlying bone structure in order to provide pressure relief for sensitive areas and support for load bearing areas. The goal is to enable the residual limb to bear pressure with greater ease and utility. Conventional methods of prosthesis fabrication are based on limited knowledge about the patient`s underlying bone structure. A 3D ultrasound imaging system was developed at Sandia National Laboratories. The imaging system provides information about the location of the bones in the residual limb along with the shape of the skin surface. Computer assisted design (CAD) software can use this data to design prosthetic sockets for amputees. Ultrasound was selected as the imaging modality. A computer model was developed to analyze the effect of the various scanning parameters and to assist in the design of the overall system. The 3D ultrasound imaging system combines off-the-shelf technology for image capturing, custom hardware, and control and image processing software to generate two types of image data -- volumetric and planar. Both volumetric and planar images reveal definition of skin and bone geometry with planar images providing details on muscle fascial planes, muscle/fat interfaces, and blood vessel definition. The 3D ultrasound imaging system was tested on 9 unilateral below-the- knee amputees. Image data was acquired from both the sound limb and the residual limb. The imaging system was operated in both volumetric and planar formats. An x-ray CT (Computed Tomography) scan was performed on each amputee for comparison. Results of the test indicate beneficial use of ultrasound to generate databases for fabrication of prostheses at a lower cost and with better initial fit as compared to manually fabricated prostheses.

Morimoto, A.K.; Bow, W.J.; Strong, D.S. [and others

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Uncertainty Analysis of RELAP5-3D  

SciTech Connect

As world-wide energy consumption continues to increase, so does the demand for the use of alternative energy sources, such as Nuclear Energy. Nuclear Power Plants currently supply over 370 gigawatts of electricity, and more than 60 new nuclear reactors have been commissioned by 15 different countries. The primary concern for Nuclear Power Plant operation and lisencing has been safety. The safety of the operation of Nuclear Power Plants is no simple matter- it involves the training of operators, design of the reactor, as well as equipment and design upgrades throughout the lifetime of the reactor, etc. To safely design, operate, and understand nuclear power plants, industry and government alike have relied upon the use of best-estimate simulation codes, which allow for an accurate model of any given plant to be created with well-defined margins of safety. The most widely used of these best-estimate simulation codes in the Nuclear Power industry is RELAP5-3D. Our project focused on improving the modeling capabilities of RELAP5-3D by developing uncertainty estimates for its calculations. This work involved analyzing high, medium, and low ranked phenomena from an INL PIRT on a small break Loss-Of-Coolant Accident as wall as an analysis of a large break Loss-Of- Coolant Accident. Statistical analyses were performed using correlation coefficients. To perform the studies, computer programs were written that modify a template RELAP5 input deck to produce one deck for each combination of key input parameters. Python scripting enabled the running of the generated input files with RELAP5-3D on INL’s massively parallel cluster system. Data from the studies was collected and analyzed with SAS. A summary of the results of our studies are presented.

Alexandra E Gertman; Dr. George L Mesina

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Convergence of Ginzburg-Landau functionals in 3-d superconductivity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we consider the asymptotic behavior of the Ginzburg- Landau model for superconductivity in 3-d, in various energy regimes. We rigorously derive, through an analysis via {\\Gamma}-convergence, a reduced model for the vortex density, and we deduce a curvature equation for the vortex lines. In a companion paper, we describe further applications to superconductivity and superfluidity, such as general expressions for the first critical magnetic field H_{c1}, and the critical angular velocity of rotating Bose-Einstein condensates.

Sisto Baldo; Robert L. Jerrard; Giandomenico Orlandi; Mete Soner

2011-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

429

A non-conforming 3D spherical harmonic transport solver  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new 3D transport solver for the time-independent Boltzmann transport equation has been developed. This solver is based on the second-order even-parity form of the transport equation. The angular discretization is performed through the expansion of the angular neutron flux in spherical harmonics (PN method). The novelty of this solver is the use of non-conforming finite elements for the spatial discretization. Such elements lead to a discontinuous flux approximation. This interface continuity requirement relaxation property is shared with mixed-dual formulations such as the ones based on Raviart-Thomas finite elements. Encouraging numerical results are presented. (authors)

Van Criekingen, S. [Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique CEA-Saclay, DEN/DM2S/SERMA/LENR Bat 470, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, Cedex (France)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Customizing mesoscale self-assembly with 3D printing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Self-assembly due to capillary forces is a common method for generating 2D mesoscale structures from identical floating particles at the liquid-air interface. Designing building blocks to obtain a desired mesoscopic structure is a scientific challenge. We show herein that it is possible to shape the particles with a low cost 3D printer, for composing specific mesoscopic structures. Our method is based on the creation of capillary multipoles inducing either attractive or repulsive forces. Since capillary interactions can be downscaled, our method opens new ways to low cost microfabrication.

M. Poty; G. Lumay; N. Vandewalle

2013-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

431

3-D HYDRODYNAMIC MODELING IN A GEOSPATIAL FRAMEWORK  

SciTech Connect

3-D hydrodynamic models are used by the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) to simulate the transport of thermal and radionuclide discharges in coastal estuary systems. Development of such models requires accurate bathymetry, coastline, and boundary condition data in conjunction with the ability to rapidly discretize model domains and interpolate the required geospatial data onto the domain. To facilitate rapid and accurate hydrodynamic model development, SRNL has developed a pre- and post-processor application in a geospatial framework to automate the creation of models using existing data. This automated capability allows development of very detailed models to maximize exploitation of available surface water radionuclide sample data and thermal imagery.

Bollinger, J; Alfred Garrett, A; Larry Koffman, L; David Hayes, D

2006-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

432

3D Hall MHD Modeling of Solar Wind Plasma Spectra  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present fully self consistent 3D simulations of compressible Hall MHD plasma that describe spectral features relevant to the solar wind plasma. We find that a $k^{-7/3}$ spectrum sets in for the fluctuations that are smaller than ion gyro radius. We further investigate scale dependent anisotropy led by nonlinear processes relevant to the solar wind plasma. Our work is important particularly in understanding the role of wave and nonlinear cascades in the evolution of the solar wind, structure formation at the largest scales.

Shaikh, Dastgeer

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Mobile, hardware-accelerated urban 3D maps in 3G networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

3D maps can visualize static and dynamic features of real environments, and act as 3D gateways to location-based information. Insufficient network speed has been a major bottleneck for dynamic download of 3D content for mobile devices. 3G network technologies ... Keywords: 3D maps, VRML, mobile computing, wireless networks

Antti Nurminen

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Mining subsidence prediction based on 3D stratigraphic model and visualization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

3D phenomenon involved in mining subsidence was Classified, summarized and aggregated, established the hierarchical structure that describing the geologic phenomena and engineering phenomena of stratum structure. Proposed a 3D stratigraphic model that ... Keywords: 3D stratigraphic model, 3D visualization, DEMs-TEN model, mining subsidence prediction

Ruisheng Jia; Yanjun Peng; Hongmei Sun

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Development and characterization of 3D, nano-confined multicellular constructs for advanced biohybrid devices.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is the final report for the President Harry S. Truman Fellowship in National Security Science and Engineering (LDRD project 130813) awarded to Dr. Bryan Kaehr from 2008-2011. Biological chemistries, cells, and integrated systems (e.g., organisms, ecologies, etc.) offer important lessons for the design of synthetic strategies and materials. The desire to both understand and ultimately improve upon biological processes has been a driving force for considerable scientific efforts worldwide. However, to impart the useful properties of biological systems into modern devices and materials requires new ideas and technologies. The research herein addresses aspects of these issues through the development of (1) a rapid-prototyping methodology to build 3D bio-interfaces and catalytic architectures, (2) a quantitative method to measure cell/material mechanical interactions in situ and at the microscale, and (3) a breakthrough approach to generate functional biocomposites from bacteria and cultured cells.

Kaehr, Bryan James

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Enabling High Energy Density Redox Chemistries and 3D Electrode ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Carbon-Sulfur Nanocomposite Cathode Materials for Lithium-Sulfur Batteries · Carbonized ... Graphenic Material for High Performance Li-Ion Battery Electrodes .

437

Realizacao domestica e escolar de foto e video 3D  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

English: Industry does not give attention to the small domestic or professional market of digital technologies for 3D images. What was done on the XX century by using photographic film is not know available to the common people, though the facilities are even better. Some technique developed in Brasil twenty years ago and the use of conventional domestic photo or video cameras allows fot making pictures and films at home by using digital conversions for editing, and two-color goggles. The anaglyphic technique, the same NASA employs to show Mars images to the public, is not employed in Brazil yet. We must analize the reasons for that. Portugues: A industria nao tem dado atencao ao mercado domestico ou profissional de pequena escala nas novas tecnologias digitais para imagem 3D. O que foi feito ao longo do seculo XX usando filme fotografico nao esta hoje ao alcance das pessoas, sendo que a facilidade de uso e muito maior. Tecnicas desenvolvidas no Brasil ha mais de vinte anos, e o uso de simples cameras convencionais de fotografia e video permitem realizar fotos e filmes caseiros por meio de conversoes digitais na edicao e o uso de oculos bicolor. A tecnica anagifica, a mesma que a NASA usa para mostrar ao publico as imagens de Marte, por exemplo, nao teve espaco no Brasil ainda. Devemos analisar os motivos que podem estar influenciando e os caminhos para mudar isso.

Jose J. Lunazzi

2012-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

438

3-D seismic acquisition gains momentum in transition zone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The hydrocarbon-rich Gulf of Mexico continues to be an active seismic data acquisition arena, with seismic crews working at a rapid-fire pace to acquire 3-D databases on a regional scale. Lately, however, many contractors are looking shoreward to what will be the next active site for data acquisition and exploratory drilling--the coastal transition zone, which extends roughly five miles either side of the coastline. Diverse terrain causes acquisition efforts to shift frequently between land, water and marsh. Each environment carries its own unique acquisition requirements, which means a wide variety of equipment must be constantly available. Need for multiple permits from multiple sources lends itself to a formidable permitting maze, and environmental problems are prevailing in this sensitive wetlands area. With this in mind, Fairfield and Seismic Exchange, Inc., have teamed in a joint venture to produce the world`s largest non-exclusive 3-D seismic transition zone program. The project will build on Fairfield`s massive shallow water effort, which is nearly complete.

Lawrence, M.A. [Fairfield Industries Inc., Houston, TX (United States)

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Flying Triangulation - towards the 3D movie camera  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Flying Triangulation sensors enable a free-hand and motion-robust 3D data acquisition of complex shaped objects. The measurement principle is based on a multi-line light-sectioning approach and uses sophisticated algorithms for real-time registration (S. Ettl et al., Appl. Opt. 51 (2012) 281-289). As "single-shot principle", light sectioning enables the option to get surface data from one single camera exposure. But there is a drawback: A pixel-dense measurement is not possible because of fundamental information-theoretical reasons. By "pixel-dense" we understand that each pixel displays individually measured distance information, neither interpolated from its neighbour pixels nor using lateral context information. Hence, for monomodal single-shot principles, the 3D data generated from one 2D raw image display a significantly lower space-bandwidth than the camera permits. This is the price one must pay for motion robustness. Currently, our sensors project about 10 lines (each with 1000 pixels), reaching an co...

Willomitzer, Florian; Faber, Christian; Häusler, Gerd

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

A new look at 3D seismic interpretation  

SciTech Connect

New ways are being developed to quickly extract and more thoroughly analyze the information contained in the 3D seismic data. These interpretation techniques were used to evaluate a 3D survey at Fortescue field (Gippsland basin, Australia) before starting a 13-well infill drilling program in 1994. Oil was discovered in the top of the LaTrobe (TOL) group at Fortescue field. Following appraisal drilling and platform installation, production started in 1983. To mitigate recent production decline and develop remaining reserves, a 13-well infill drilling program was proposed in 1993. Fortescue field is a west-southwest dipping monocline with oil trapped stratigraphically beneath an erosional unconformity in 13 separate elastic reservoirs. The reservoirs dip approximately 2{degree} more steeply than the overlying erosional truncation surface, causing older sections to progressively subcrop in an easterly direction. The 13 proposed infill wells relied completely or partially on oil being trapped structurally updip from existing completions. To effectively capture these reserves, wells were targeted to intersect reservoirs along the low-angle sand truncation face. The ability to identify and map the top and base reservoir edges along the subcrop surface was critical for well success. The goal of this study was to quickly and accurately identify nine reservoir subcrop edges, determine the remaining reserves updip from existing completions, and identify the geological risk associated with each proposed well.

Vinson, T.E.; Standley, P.; Jager, G.; Kidd, G.

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanostructured materials 3d" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

ASIC for High Rate 3D Position Sensitive Detectors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report on the development of an application specific integrated circuit (ASIC) for 3D position sensitive detectors (3D PSD). The ASIC is designed to operate with pixelated wide bandgap sensors like Cadmium-Zinc-Telluride (CZT), Mercuric Iodide (Hgl2) and Thallium Bromide (TIBr). It measures the amplitudes and timings associated with an ionizing event on 128 anodes, the anode grid, and the cathode. Each channel provides low-noise charge amplification, high-order shaping with peaking time adjustable from 250 ns to 12 {micro}s, gain adjustable to 20 mV/fC or 120 mV/fC (for a dynamic range of 3.2 MeV and 530 keV in CZT), amplitude discrimination with 5-bit trimming, and positive and negative peak and timing detections. The readout can be full or sparse, based on a flag and single- or multi-cycle token passing. All channels, triggered channels only, or triggered with neighbors can be read out thus increasing the rate capability of the system to more than 10 kcps. The ASIC dissipates 330 mW which corresponds to about 2.5 mW per channel.

Vernon, E.; De Geronimo, G.; Ackley, K.; Fried, J.; He, Z.; Herman, C.; Zhang, F.

2010-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

442

Nanostructures boost the thermoelectric performance of PbS.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In situ nanostructuring in bulk thermoelectric materials through thermo-dynamic phase segregation has established itself as an effective paradigm for optimizing the performance of thermoelectric materials. In bulk PbTe small compositional variations create coherent and semicoherent nanometer sized precipitates embedded in a PbTe matrix, where they can impede phonon propagation at little or no expense to the electronic properties. In this paper the nanostructuring paradigm is for the first time extended to a bulk PbS based system, which despite obvious advantages of price and abundancy, so far has been largely disregarded in thermoelectric research due to inferior room temperature thermoelectric properties relative to the pristine fellow chalcogenides, PbSe and PbTe. Herein we report on the synthesis, microstructural morphology and thermoelectric properties of two phase (PbS){sub 1-x}(PbTe){sub x}x = 0-0.16 samples. We have found that the addition of only a few percent PbTe to PbS results in a highly nanostructured material, where PbTe precipitates are coherently and semicoherently embedded in a PbS matrix. The present (PbS){sub 1-x}(PbTe){sub x} nanostructured samples show substantial decreases in lattice thermal conductivity relative to pristine PbS, while the electronic properties are left largely unaltered. This in turn leads to a marked increase in the thermoelectric figure of merit. This study underlines the efficiency of the nanostructuring approach and strongly supports its generality and applicability to other material systems. We demonstrate that these PbS-based materials, which are made primarily from abundant Pb and S, outperform optimally n-type doped pristine PbTe above 770 K.

Johnsen, S.; Androulakis, J.; He, J. Q.; Dravid, V. P.; Todorov, I.; Chung, D. Y.; Kanatzidis, M. G. (Materials Science Division); (Northwestern Univ.)

2011-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

443

Thermorheological properties of nanostructured dispersions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nanostructured dispersions, which consist of nanometer-sized particles, tubes, sheets, or droplets that are dispersed in liquids, have exhibited substantially higher thermal conductivities over those of the liquids alone. ...

Gordon, Jeremy B

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Radiation Damage in Nanostructured Metallic Films  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High energy neutron and charged particle radiation cause microstructural and mechanical degradation in structural metals and alloys, such as phase segregation, void swelling, embrittlement and creep. Radiation induced damages typically limit nuclear materials to a lifetime of about 40 years. Next generation nuclear reactors require materials that can sustain over 60 - 80 years. Therefore it is of great significance to explore new materials with better radiation resistance, to design metals with favorable microstructures and to investigate their response to radiation. The goals of this thesis are to study the radiation responses of several nanostructured metallic thin film systems, including Ag/Ni multilayers, nanotwinned Ag and nanocrystalline Fe. Such systems obtain high volume fraction of boundaries, which are considered sinks to radiation induced defects. From the viewpoint of nanomechanics, it is of interest to investigate the plastic deformation mechanisms of nanostructured films, which typically show strong size dependence. By controlling the feature size (layer thickness, twin spacing and grain size), it is applicable to picture a deformation mechanism map which also provides prerequisite information for subsequent radiation hardening study. And from the viewpoint of radiation effects, it is of interest to explore the fundamentals of radiation response, to examine the microstructural and mechanical variations of irradiated nanometals and to enrich the design database. More importantly, with the assistance of in situ techniques, it is appealing to examine the defect generation, evolution, annihilation, absorption and interaction with internal interfaces (layer interfaces, twin boundaries and grain boundaries). Moreover, well-designed nanostructures can also verify the speculation that radiation induced defect density and hardening show clear size dependence. The focus of this thesis lies in the radiation response of Ag/Ni multilayers and nanotwinned Ag subjected to charged particles. The radiation effects in irradiated nanograined Fe are also investigated for comparison. Radiation responses in these nanostructured metallic films suggest that immiscible incoherent Ag/Ni multilayers are more resistant to radiation in comparison to their monolithic counterparts. Their mechanical properties and radiation response show strong layer thickness dependence in terms of radiation hardening and defect density. Coherent twin boundaries can interact with stacking fault tetrahedral and remove them effectively. Twin boundaries can actively absorb radiation induced defects and defect clusters resulting in boundary migration. Size dependence is also found in nanograins where fewer defects exhibit in films with smaller grains.

Yu, Kaiyuan

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Accuracy of volume measurement using 3D ultrasound and development of CT-3D US image fusion algorithm for prostate cancer radiotherapy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To evaluate the accuracy of measuring volumes using three-dimensional ultrasound (3D US), and to verify the feasibility of the replacement of CT-MR fusion images with CT-3D US in radiotherapy treatment planning. Methods: Phantoms, consisting of water, contrast agent, and agarose, were manufactured. The volume was measured using 3D US, CT, and MR devices. A CT-3D US and MR-3D US image fusion software was developed using the Insight Toolkit library in order to acquire three-dimensional fusion images. The quality of the image fusion was evaluated using metric value and fusion images. Results: Volume measurement, using 3D US, shows a 2.8 {+-} 1.5% error, 4.4 {+-} 3.0% error for CT, and 3.1 {+-} 2.0% error for MR. The results imply that volume measurement using the 3D US devices has a similar accuracy level to that of CT and MR. Three-dimensional image fusion of CT-3D US and MR-3D US was successfully performed using phantom images. Moreover, MR-3D US image fusion was performed using human bladder images. Conclusions: 3D US could be used in the volume measurement of human bladders and prostates. CT-3D US image fusion could be used in monitoring the target position in each fraction of external beam radiation therapy. Moreover, the feasibility of replacing the CT-MR image fusion to the CT-3D US in radiotherapy treatment planning was verified.

Baek, Jihye; Huh, Jangyoung; Hyun An, So; Oh, Yoonjin [Department of Medical Sciences, Ewha Womans University, Seoul 158-710 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Myungsoo; Kim, DongYoung; Chung, Kwangzoo; Cho, Sungho; Lee, Rena [Department of Radiation Oncology, School of Medicine, Ewha Womans University, Seoul 158-710 (Korea, Republic of)

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

446

Fast 3D Surface Extraction 2 pages (including abstract)  

SciTech Connect

Ocean scientists searching for isosurfaces and/or thresholds of interest in high resolution 3D datasets required a tedious and time-consuming interactive exploration experience. PISTON research and development activities are enabling ocean scientists to rapidly and interactively explore isosurfaces and thresholds in their large data sets using a simple slider with real time calculation and visualization of these features. Ocean Scientists can now visualize more features in less time, helping them gain a better understanding of the high resolution data sets they work with on a daily basis. Isosurface timings (512{sup 3} grid): VTK 7.7 s, Parallel VTK (48-core) 1.3 s, PISTON OpenMP (48-core) 0.2 s, PISTON CUDA (Quadro 6000) 0.1 s.

Sewell, Christopher Meyer [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Patchett, John M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ahrens, James P. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

447

3-D Seismic Methods For Geothermal Reservoir Exploration And  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Methods For Geothermal Reservoir Exploration And Methods For Geothermal Reservoir Exploration And Assessment-Summary Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Report: 3-D Seismic Methods For Geothermal Reservoir Exploration And Assessment-Summary Details Activities (5) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: A wide variety of seismic methods covering the spectrum from DC to kilohertz have been employed at one time or the other in geothermal environments. The reasons have varied from exploration for a heat source to attempting to find individual fractures producing hot fluids. For the purposes here we will assume that overall objective of seismic imaging is for siting wells for successful location of permeable pathways (often fracture permeability) that are controlling flow and transport in naturally

448

3D Magnetotelluic characterization of the Coso Geothermal Field | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Magnetotelluic characterization of the Coso Geothermal Field Magnetotelluic characterization of the Coso Geothermal Field Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: 3D Magnetotelluic characterization of the Coso Geothermal Field Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Electrical resistivity may contribute to progress in understanding geothermal systems by imaging the geometry, bounds and controlling structures in existing production, and thereby perhaps suggesting new areas for field expansion. To these ends, a dense grid of magnetotelluric (MT) stations plus a single line of contiguous bipole array profiling has been acquired over the east flank of the Coso geothermal system. Acquiring good quality MT data in producing geothermal systems is a challenge due to production related electromagnetic (EM) noise and, in the

449

3D Magnetotelluric Characterization Of The Geothermal Anomaly In The  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Magnetotelluric Characterization Of The Geothermal Anomaly In The Magnetotelluric Characterization Of The Geothermal Anomaly In The Llucmajor Aquifer System (Majorca, Spain) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: 3D Magnetotelluric Characterization Of The Geothermal Anomaly In The Llucmajor Aquifer System (Majorca, Spain) Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: In the Llucmajor aquifer system (Majorca Island, Spain) some geothermal evidences have appeared. This phenomenon is not isolated to Majorca and it is present in other areas, where it can be associated with structural conditions, especially to the extensional event suffered by the island after the Alpine Orogeny. However, the origin of this anomaly in Llucmajor is not well known, and there is no surface geological evidence of

450

3D-Simulation Studies of SNS Ring Doublet Magnets  

SciTech Connect

The accumulator ring of the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) at ORNL employs in its straight sections closely packed quadrupole doublemagnets with large aperture of R=15.1 cm an relatively short iron-to-iron distance of 51.4 cm. These quads have much extended fringe field, and magnetic interferences among them in the doublet assemblies is not avoidable. Though each magnet in the assemblies has been individually mapped to high accuracy of lower than 0.01 percent level, the experimental data including the magnetic interference effect will not be available. We have performed 3D computing simulations on a quadrupole doublet model in order to assess the degree of the interference and to obtain relevant data for the SNS commissioning and operation.

Wang, J.G.; Tsoupas N.; Venturini, M.

2005-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

451

3-D Simulations of Ergospheric Disk Driven Poynting Jets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This Letter reports on 3-dimensional simulations of Kerr black hole magnetospheres that obey the general relativistic equations of perfect magnetohydrodynamics (MHD). In particular, we study powerful Poynting flux dominated jets that are driven from dense gas in the equatorial plane in the ergosphere. The physics of which has been previously studied in the simplified limit of an ergopsheric disk. For high spin black holes, $a/M > 0.95$, the ergospheric disk is prominent in the 3-D simulations and is responsible for greatly enhanced Poynting flux emission. Any large scale poloidal magnetic flux that is trapped in the equatorial region leads to an enormous release of electromagnetic energy that dwarfs the jet energy produced by magnetic flux threading the event horizon. The implication is that magnetic flux threading the equatorial plane of the ergosphere is a likely prerequisite for the central engine of powerful FRII quasars.

Brian Punsly

2007-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

452

Einstein gravity as a 3D conformally invariant theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We give an alternative description of the physical content of general relativity that does not require a Lorentz invariant spacetime. Instead, we find that gravity admits a dual description in terms of a theory where local size is irrelevant. The dual theory is invariant under foliation preserving 3-diffeomorphisms and 3D conformal transformations that preserve the 3-volume (for the spatially compact case). Locally, this symmetry is identical to that of Horava-Lifshitz gravity in the high energy limit but our theory is equivalent to Einstein gravity. Specifically, we find that the solutions of general relativity, in a gauge where the spatial hypersurfaces have constant mean extrinsic curvature, can be mapped to solutions of a particular gauge fixing of the dual theory. Moreover, this duality is not accidental. We provide a general geometric picture for our procedure that allows us to trade foliation invariance for conformal invariance. The dual theory provides a new proposal for the theory space of quantum gravity.

Henrique Gomes; Sean Gryb; Tim Koslowski

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

453

Automating the determination of 3D protein structure  

SciTech Connect

The creation of an automated method for determining 3D protein structure would be invaluable to the field of biology and presents an interesting challenge to computer science. Unfortunately, given the current level of protein knowledge, a completely automated solution method is not yet feasible, therefore, our group has decided to integrate existing databases and theories to create a software system that assists X-ray crystallographers in specifying a particular protein structure. By breaking the problem of determining overall protein structure into small subproblems, we hope to come closer to solving a novel structure by solving each component. By generating necessary information for structure determination, this method provides the first step toward designing a program to determine protein conformation automatically.

Rayl, K.D.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

454

Automatic image alignment for 3d environment modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe an approach for automatically registering color images with 3D laser scanned models. We use the chisquare statistic to compare color images to polygonal models texture mapped with acquired laser reflectance values. In complicated scenes we find that the chi-square test is not robust enough to permit an automatic global registration approach. Therefore, we introduce two techniques for obtaining initial pose estimates that correspond to a coarse alignment of the data. The first method is based on rigidly attaching a camera to a laser scanner and the second utilizes object tracking to decouple these imaging devices. The pose estimates serve as an initial guess for our optimization method, which maximizes the chi-square statistic over a local space of transformations in order to automatically determine the proper alignment. 1.

Nathaniel Williams Kok-lim Low

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Derivation of new 3D discrete ordinate equations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Sn equations have been the workhorse of deterministic radiation transport calculations for many years. Here we derive two new angular discretizations of the 3D transport equation. The first set of equations, derived using Lagrange interpolation and collocation, retains the classical Sn structure, with the main difference being how the scattering source is calculated. Because of the formal similarity with the classical S n equations, it should be possible to modify existing computer codes to take advantage of the new formulation. In addition, the new S n-like equations correctly capture delta function scattering. The second set of equations, derived using a Galerkin technique, does not retain the classical Sn structure because the streaming term is not diagonal. However, these equations can be cast into a form similar to existing methods developed to reduce ray effects. Numerical investigation of both sets of equations is under way. (authors)

Ahrens, C. D. [Colorado School of Mines, Dept. of Applied Mathematics and Statistics, Program in Nuclear Science and Engineering, Golden, CO 80401-1887 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Exploration 3-D Seismic Field Test/Native Tribes Initiative  

SciTech Connect

To determine current acquisition procedures and costs and to further the goals of the President's Initiative for Native Tribes, a seismic-survey project is to be conducted on Osage tribal lands. The goals of the program are to demonstrate the capabilities, costs, and effectiveness of 3-D seismic work in a small-operator setting and to determine the economics of such a survey. For these purposes, typical small-scale independent-operator practices are being followed and a shallow target chose in an area with a high concentration of independent operators. The results will be analyzed in detail to determine if there are improvements and/or innovations which can be easily introduced in field-acquisition procedures, in processing, or in data manipulation and interpretation to further reduce operating costs and to make the system still more active to the small-scale operator.

Carroll, Herbert B.; Chen, K.C.; Guo, Genliang; Johnson, W.I.; Reeves,T.K.; Sharma,Bijon

1999-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

457

Vehicle Technologies Office: 3-D Animation Shows Complex Geometry of Diesel  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3-D Animation Shows 3-D Animation Shows Complex Geometry of Diesel Particulates to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: 3-D Animation Shows Complex Geometry of Diesel Particulates on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: 3-D Animation Shows Complex Geometry of Diesel Particulates on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: 3-D Animation Shows Complex Geometry of Diesel Particulates on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: 3-D Animation Shows Complex Geometry of Diesel Particulates on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: 3-D Animation Shows Complex Geometry of Diesel Particulates on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: 3-D Animation Shows Complex Geometry of Diesel Particulates on AddThis.com... 3-D Animation Shows Complex Geometry of Diesel Particulates

458

RELAP5-3D Architectural Developments in 2004  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Currently, RELAP5 is undergoing a transformation that will replace much of its coding with equivalent structured Fortran 90 coding. Four efforts are underway to modernize the code architecture of RELAP5-3D. These are parallelization, vectorization, code restructuring, and conversion to Fortran 90. The first two improve code run speed via on computer platforms of certain architectures. These code modifications have little effect on normal code performance on non-vector and non-parallel computers because they are mostly done with compiler directives. The third and fourth efforts involve considerable rewriting of the source code. The third code improvement effort addresses code readability and maintainability. These are being greatly enhanced by application of a Fortran code-restructuring tool. The fourth effort is conversion to Fortran 90. The bulk of the coding is being rewritten in Fortran 90. This is a ground up reworking of the coding that begins with completely reorganizing the underlying database and continues with the source code. It will reach every part of RELAP5-3D. Each of these efforts is discussed in detail in a different section. Section 1 relates background information. Section 2 covers the parallelization effort. Section 3 covers the efforts to vectorize the code. Section 4 covers the code restructuring. Section 5 covers the Fortran 90 effort. Outline Background: longevity, maintenance & development, reliability, speed Parallelization: KAI to OpenMP, previous work & current, domain decomposition, done. Vectorization: Speed - Fed init, vectors in PCs, INL Cray SV1, R5 Phant, EXV, results. Code Restructuring: Reason to restructure, study of restruct, For Study: what it does, Fortran 90: Modernization -

Dr. George L. Mesina

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

2009 Clusters, Nanocrystals & Nanostructures GRC  

SciTech Connect

For over thirty years, this Gordon Conference has been the premiere meeting for the field of cluster science, which studies the phenomena that arise when matter becomes small. During its history, participants have witnessed the discovery and development of many novel materials, including C60, carbon nanotubes, semiconductor and metal nanocrystals, and nanowires. In addition to addressing fundamental scientific questions related to these materials, the meeting has always included a discussion of their potential applications. Consequently, this conference has played a critical role in the birth and growth of nanoscience and engineering. The goal of the 2009 Gordon Conference is to continue the forward-looking tradition of this meeting and discuss the most recent advances in the field of clusters, nanocrystals, and nanostructures. As in past meetings, this will include new topics that broaden the field. In particular, a special emphasis will be placed on nanomaterials related to the efficient use, generation, or conversion of energy. For example, we anticipate presentations related to batteries, catalysts, photovoltaics, and thermoelectrics. In addition, we expect to address the controversy surrounding carrier multiplication with a session in which recent results addressing this phenomenon will be discussed and debated. The atmosphere of the conference, which emphasizes the presentation of unpublished results and lengthy discussion periods, ensures that attendees will enjoy a valuable and stimulating experience. Because only a limited number of participants are allowed to attend this conference, and oversubscription is anticipated, we encourage all interested researchers from academia, industry, and government institutions to apply as early as possible. An invitation is not required. We also encourage all attendees to submit their latest results for presentation at the poster sessions. We anticipate that several posters will be selected for 'hot topic' oral presentations. Because of the important role that students and postdocs play in the future of this field, we also anticipate to select several posters from young investigators for oral presentations.

Lai-Sheng Wang

2009-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

460

Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Materials Materials and methods are available as supplementary materials on Science Online. 16. W. Benz, A. G. W. Cameron, H. J. Melosh, Icarus 81, 113 (1989). 17. S. L. Thompson, H. S. Lauson, Technical Rep. SC-RR-710714, Sandia Nat. Labs (1972). 18. H. J. Melosh, Meteorit. Planet. Sci. 42, 2079 (2007). 19. S. Ida, R. M. Canup, G. R. Stewart, Nature 389, 353 (1997). 20. E. Kokubo, J. Makino, S. Ida, Icarus 148, 419 (2000). 21. M. M. M. Meier, A. Reufer, W. Benz, R. Wieler, Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society LXXIV, abstr. 5039 (2011). 22. C. B. Agnor, R. M. Canup, H. F. Levison, Icarus 142, 219 (1999). 23. D. P. O'Brien, A. Morbidelli, H. F. Levison, Icarus 184, 39 (2006). 24. R. M. Canup, Science 307, 546 (2005). 25. J. J. Salmon, R. M. Canup, Lunar Planet. Sci. XLIII, 2540 (2012). Acknowledgments: SPH simulation data are contained in tables S2 to S5 of the supplementary materials. Financial support

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanostructured materials 3d" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Fabrication of 3D Micro-vascular Network Based Carbon Nanotube ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nano-structures of ?-SiC Formed by Pyrolosis of Agricultural Waste · Nanothermites: Unconventional Nanomaterials with High Energy Output · Next- generation ...

462

Clinical Outcome of Patients Treated With 3D Conformal Radiation Therapy (3D-CRT) for Prostate Cancer on RTOG 9406  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Report of clinical cancer control outcomes on Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) 9406, a three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy (3D-CRT) dose escalation trial for localized adenocarcinoma of the prostate. Methods and Materials: RTOG 9406 is a Phase I/II multi-institutional dose escalation study of 3D-CRT for men with localized prostate cancer. Patients were registered on five sequential dose levels: 68.4 Gy, 73.8 Gy, 79.2 Gy, 74 Gy, and 78 Gy with 1.8 Gy/day (levels I-III) or 2.0 Gy/day (levels IV and V). Neoadjuvant hormone therapy (NHT) from 2 to 6 months was allowed. Protocol-specific, American Society for Therapeutic Radiation Oncology (ASTRO), and Phoenix biochemical failure definitions are reported. Results: Thirty-four institutions enrolled 1,084 patients and 1,051 patients are analyzable. Median follow-up for levels I, II, III, IV, and V was 11.7, 10.4, 11.8, 10.4, and 9.2 years, respectively. Thirty-six percent of patients received NHT. The 5-year overall survival was 90%, 87%, 88%, 89%, and 88% for dose levels I-V, respectively. The 5-year clinical disease-free survival (excluding protocol prostate-specific antigen definition) for levels I-V is 84%, 78%, 81%, 82%, and 82%, respectively. By ASTRO definition, the 5-year disease-free survivals were 57%, 59%, 52%, 64% and 75% (low risk); 46%, 52%, 54%, 56%, and 63% (intermediate risk); and 50%, 34%, 46%, 34%, and 61% (high risk) for levels I-V, respectively. By the Phoenix definition, the 5-year disease-free survivals were 68%, 73%, 67%, 84%, and 80% (low risk); 70%, 62%, 70%, 74%, and 69% (intermediate risk); and 42%, 62%, 68%, 54%, and 67% (high risk) for levels I-V, respectively. Conclusion: Dose-escalated 3D-CRT yields favorable outcomes for localized prostate cancer. This multi-institutional experience allows comparison to other experiences with modern radiation therapy.

Michalski, Jeff, E-mail: michalski@wustl.edu [Radiation Oncology, Washington University Medical School, St. Louis, Missouri (United States); Image-guided Therapy Center, St. Louis, Missouri (United States); Winter, Kathryn [Department of Statistics, Radiation Therapy Oncology Group, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States); Roach, Mack [Radiation Oncology, University of California-San Francisco, San Francisco, California (United States); Markoe, Arnold [University of Miami, Miami, Florida (United States); Sandler, Howard M. [University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California (United States); Ryu, Janice [Radiation Oncology, University of California-Davis, Davis, California (United States); Radiation Oncology Associates, Sacramento, California (United States); Parliament, Matthew [Radiation Oncology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta (Canada); Purdy, James A. [Radiation Oncology, University of California-Davis, Davis, California (United States); Image-guided Therapy Center, St. Louis, Missouri (United States); Valicenti, Richard K. [Radiation Oncology, University of California-Davis, Davis, California (United States); Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States); Cox, James D. [Radiation Oncology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Segmenting and Analyzing 3D Serial Sections for Microstructural ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

First Principles Modeling of Shape Memory Alloy Magnetic Refrigeration Materials ... Different Generations of Gamma Prime Precipitates in a Commercial Nickel ...

464

3D Microstructural Characterization of Laser Deposited Titanium ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

First Principles Modeling of Shape Memory Alloy Magnetic Refrigeration Materials ... Different Generations of Gamma Prime Precipitates in a Commercial Nickel ...

465

Comparison of Wax and 3D Printed Investment Casting Pattern ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2012. Symposium, Advances in Metal Casting Technologies. Presentation Title, Comparison of ...

466

Compositional ordering and stability in nanostructured, bulk thermoelectric alloys.  

SciTech Connect

Thermoelectric materials have many applications in the conversion of thermal energy to electrical power and in solid-state cooling. One route to improving thermoelectric energy conversion efficiency in bulk material is to embed nanoscale inclusions. This report summarize key results from a recently completed LDRD project exploring the science underpinning the formation and stability of nanostructures in bulk thermoelectric and the quantitative relationships between such structures and thermoelectric properties.

Hekmaty, Michelle A.; Faleev, S.; Medlin, Douglas L.; Leonard, F.; Lensch-Falk, J.; Sharma, Peter Anand; Sugar, J. D.

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Material  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Li(Ni{sub 0.4}Co{sub 0.15}Al{sub 0.05}Mn{sub 0.4})O{sub 2} was investigated to understand the effect of replacement of the cobalt by aluminum on the structural and electrochemical properties. In situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) was performed, utilizing a novel in situ electrochemical cell, specifically designed for long-term X-ray experiments. The cell was cycled at a moderate rate through a typical Li-ion battery operating voltage range. (1.0-4.7 V) XAS measurements were performed at different states of charge (SOC) during cycling, at the Ni, Co, and the Mn edges, revealing details about the response of the cathode to Li insertion and extraction processes. The extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) region of the spectra revealed the changes of bond distance and coordination number of Ni, Co, and Mn absorbers as a function of the SOC of the material. The oxidation states of the transition metals in the system are Ni{sup 2+}, Co{sup 3+}, and Mn{sup 4+} in the as-made material (fully discharged), while during charging the Ni{sup 2+} is oxidized to Ni{sup 4+} through an intermediate stage of Ni{sup 3+}, Co{sup 3+} is oxidized toward Co{sup 4+}, and Mn was found to be electrochemically inactive and remained as Mn{sup 4+}. The EXAFS results during cycling show that the Ni-O changes the most, followed by Co-O, and Mn-O varies the least. These measurements on this cathode material confirmed that the material retains its symmetry and good structural short-range order leading to the superior cycling reported earlier.

Rumble, C.; Conry, T.E.; Doeff, Marca; Cairns, Elton J.; Penner-Hahn, James E.; Deb, Aniruddha

2010-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

468

1st World Congress on Integrated Computational Materials ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nov 15, 2010 ... Atomic Ordering in Nanostructured Fe-1%Zr Alloy ... Lattice Dynamics and Thermodynamics of Lithium Battery Materials LiMPO4 (M = Mn, Fe, ...

469

Phase Change Materials – An Overview - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Stellite Coatings on Hot Work Tool Steels for Tooling Applications in Semi-Solid Processing of Steels · Surface Modification of Nanostructured Materials for ...

470

Engineering the optical properties of subwavelength devices and materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many applications demand materials with seemingly incompatible optical characteristics. For example, immersion photolithography is a resolution enhancing technique used to fabricate the ever-shrinking nanostructures in ...

Anant, Vikas, 1980-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Three Dimensional (3D) Microstructure Visualization and Modeling ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Overview of Microstructural Models Applied to Hot Rolling Mill for Long ... Study of Composite Materials Application for Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine Blades.

472

Supcon precursor CHI 2& 3d, PCA example  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 64x64) quantitated (JEOL) electron probe maps of ceramic superconductor precursor material. ... of Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O High Tc Superconductors with X ...

473

Programmers Manual for the PVM Coupling Interface in RELAP5-3D  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the implementation of the PVM API in the RELAP5-3D© computer code. The information in the report is intended for programmers wanting to correct or extend RELAP5-3D©.

Walter L Weaver III

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Wafer-scale 3D integration of silicon-on-insulator RF amplifiers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RF amplifiers are demonstrated using a three- dimensional (3D) wafer-scale integration technology based on silicon-on-insulator (SOI) CMOS process. This new 3D implementation reduces the amplifier size and shortens ...

Keast, Craig L.

475

Wildfire forecasting using an open source 3D multilayer geographical framework  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This abstract describes the development of a wildfire forecasting plugin using Capaware. Capaware is designed as an easy to use open source framework to develop 3D graphics applications over large geographic areas offering high performance 3D visualization ...

Modesto Castrillón; Pedro A. Jorge; Adrián Macías; Antonio J. Sánchez; Javier Sánchez; José P. Suárez; Agustín Trujillo; Izzat Sabbagh; Ignacio J. López; Rafael J. Nebot

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Efficient 3D building model generation from 2D floor plans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D building models are beneficial to architects, interior designers, and ordinary people in visualizing indoor space in three dimensions. 3D building models appear to be more aesthetic to ordinary people than architectural ...

Kashlev, Dmitry

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Design and analysis of a concrete modular housing system constructed with 3D panels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An innovative modular house system design utilizing an alternative concrete residential building system called 3D panels is presented along with an overview of 3D panels as well as relevant methods and markets. The proposed ...

Sarcia, Sam Rhea, 1982-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Plenary lecture 2: local surface approximation for edge structure preserving 3-D image denoising  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In various applications, including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and functional MRI (fMRI), 3-D images get increasingly popular. To improve reliability of subsequent image analyses, 3-D image denoising is often a necessary pre-processing step, which ...

Peihua Qiu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Statistical methods for 2D-3D registration of optical and LIDAR images  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fusion of 3D laser radar (LIDAR) imagery and aerial optical imagery is an efficient method for constructing 3D virtual reality models. One difficult aspect of creating such models is registering the optical image with the ...

Mastin, Dana Andrew

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Methods of fabricating nanostructures and nanowires and devices fabricated therefrom  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

One-dimensional nanostructures having uniform diameters of less than approximately 200 nm. These inventive nanostructures, which we refer to as "nanowires", include single-crystalline homostructures as well as heterostructures of at least two single-crystalline materials having different chemical compositions. Because single-crystalline materials are used to form the heterostructure, the resultant heterostructure will be single-crystalline as well. The nanowire heterostructures are generally based on a semiconducting wire wherein the doping and composition are controlled in either the longitudinal or radial directions, or in both directions, to yield a wire that comprises different materials. Examples of resulting nanowire heterostructures include a longitudinal heterostructure nanowire (LOHN) and a coaxial heterostructure nanowire (COHN).

Majumdar,; Arun (Orinda, CA); Shakouri, Ali (Santa Cruz, CA); Sands, Timothy D. (Moraga, CA); Yang, Peidong (Berkeley, CA); Mao, Samuel S. (Berkeley, CA); Russo, Richard E. (Walnut Creek, CA); Feick, Henning (Kensington, CA); Weber, Eicke R. (Oakland, CA); Kind, Hannes (Schaffhausen, CH); Huang, Michael (Los Angeles, CA); Yan, Haoquan (Albany, CA); Wu, Yiying (Albany, CA); Fan, Rong (El Cerrito, CA)

2009-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanostructured materials 3d" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Methods of fabricating nanostructures and nanowires and devices fabricated therefrom  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

One-dimensional nanostructures having uniform diameters of less than approximately 200 nm. These inventive nanostructures, which we refer to as "nanowires", include single-crystalline homostructures as well as heterostructures of at least two single-crystalline materials having different chemical compositions. Because single-crystalline materials are used to form the heterostructure, the resultant heterostructure will be single-crystalline as well. The nanowire heterostructures are generally based on a semiconducting wire wherein the doping and composition are controlled in either the longitudinal or radial directions, or in both directions, to yield a wire that comprises different materials. Examples of resulting nanowire heterostructures include a longitudinal heterostructure nanowire (LOHN) and a coaxial heterostructure nanowire (COHN).

Majumdar, Arun (Orinda, CA); Shakouri, Ali (Santa Cruz, CA); Sands, Timothy D. (Moraga, CA); Yang, Peidong (Berkeley, CA); Mao, Samuel S. (Berkeley, CA); Russo, Richard E. (Walnut Creek, CA); Feick, Henning (Kensington, CA); Weber, Eicke R. (Oakland, CA); Kind, Hannes (Schaffhausen, CH); Huang, Michael (Los Angeles, CA); Yan, Haoquan (Albany, CA); Wu, Yiying (Albany, CA); Fan, Rong (El Cerrito, CA)

2010-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

482

Nanostructured Water Oxidation Catalysts - Energy Innovation ...  

Nanostructured Cobalt Oxide Clusters in Mesoporous Silica as Efficient Oxygen-Evolving Catalysts. Angewandte Chemie International Edition. Vol. 28: ...

483

Exotic phenomena in spintronic nanostructures: from giant ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. Exotic phenomena in spintronic nanostructures: from giant spin dependent tunneling to unconventional ferromagnetism SSP Parkin 1,2 ...

2012-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

484

Matrix-assisted energy conversion in nanostructured ...  

A nanoconverter is capable of directly generating electricity through a nanostructure embedded in a polymer layer experiencing differential thermal ...

485

Key Physical Mechanisms in Nanostructured Solar Cells  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of the project was to study both theoretically and experimentally the excitation, recombination and transport properties required for nanostructured solar cells to deliver energy conversion efficiencies well in excess of conventional limits. These objectives were met by concentrating on three key areas, namely, investigation of physical mechanisms present in nanostructured solar cells, characterization of loss mechanisms in nanostructured solar cells and determining the properties required of nanostructured solar cells in order to achieve high efficiency and the design implications.

Dr Stephan Bremner

2010-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

486

Development of Advanced Nanomanufacturing: 3D Integration and High Speed Directed Self-assembly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Development of nanoscience and nanotechnology requires rapid and robust nanomanufacturing processes to produce nanoscale materials, structures and devices. The dissertation aims to contribute to two major challenging and attractive topics in nanomanufacturing. Firstly, this research develops fabrication techniques for three dimensional (3D) structures and integrates them into functional devices and systems. Secondly, a novel process is proposed and studied for rapid and efficient manipulation of nanomaterials using a directed self-assembly process. The study begins with the development of nanoimprint lithography for nanopatterning and fabrication of 3D multilayer polymeric structures in the micro- and nano-scale, by optimizing the layer-transfer and transfer-bonding techniques. These techniques allow the integration of microfluidic and photonic systems in a single chip for achieving ultracompact lab-on-a-chip concept. To exemplify the integration capability, a monolithic fluorescence detection system is proposed and the approaches to design and fabricate the components, such as a tunable optical filter and optical antennas are addressed. The nanoimprint lithography can also be employed to prepare nanopatterned polymer structures as a template to guide the self-assembly process of nanomaterials, such as single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs). By introducing the surface functionalization, electric field and ultrasonic agitation into the process, we develop a rapid and robust approach for effective placement and alignment of SWNTs. These nanomanufacturing processes are successfully developed and will provide a pathway to the full realization of the lab-on-a-chip concept and significantly contribute to the applications of nanomaterials.

Li, Huifeng

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

2D/3D registration algorithm for lung brachytherapy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: A 2D/3D registration algorithm is proposed for registering orthogonal x-ray images with a diagnostic CT volume for high dose rate (HDR) lung brachytherapy. Methods: The algorithm utilizes a rigid registration model based on a pixel/voxel intensity matching approach. To achieve accurate registration, a robust similarity measure combining normalized mutual information, image gradient, and intensity difference was developed. The algorithm was validated using a simple body and anthropomorphic phantoms. Transfer catheters were placed inside the phantoms to simulate the unique image features observed during treatment. The algorithm sensitivity to various degrees of initial misregistration and to the presence of foreign objects, such as ECG leads, was evaluated. Results: The mean registration error was 2.2 and 1.9 mm for the simple body and anthropomorphic phantoms, respectively. The error was comparable to the interoperator catheter digitization error of 1.6 mm. Preliminary analysis of data acquired from four patients indicated a mean registration error of 4.2 mm. Conclusions: Results obtained using the proposed algorithm are clinically acceptable especially considering the complications normally encountered when imaging during lung HDR brachytherapy.

Zvonarev, P. S. [McMaster University, Medical Physics and Applied Radiation Sciences, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4L8 (Canada); Farrell, T. J.; Hunter, R.; Wierzbicki, M.; Hayward, J. E. [McMaster University, Medical Physics and Applied Radiation Sciences, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4L8 (Canada); Juravinski Cancer Centre, Medical Physics, Hamilton, Ontario L8V 5C2 (Canada); Sur, R. K. [McMaster University, Medical Physics and Applied Radiation Sciences, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4L8 (Canada); Juravinski Cancer Centre, Radiation Oncology, Hamilton, Ontario L8V 5C2 (Canada)

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

488

Rayleigh Quotient Iteration in 3D, Deterministic Neutron Transport  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Today's "grand challenge" neutron transport problems require 3-D meshes with billions of cells, hundreds of energy groups, and accurate quadratures and scattering expansions. Leadership-class computers provide platforms on which high-fidelity fluxes can be calculated. However, appropriate methods are needed that can use these machines effectively. Such methods must be able to use hundreds of thousands of cores and have good convergence properties. Rayleigh quotient iteration (RQI) is an eigenvalue solver that has been added to the Sn code Denovo to address convergence. Rayleigh quotient iteration is an optimal shifted inverse iteration method that should converge in fewer iterations than the more common power method and other shifted inverse iteration methods for many problems of interest. Denovo's RQI uses a new multigroup Krylov solver for the fixed source solutions inside every iteration that allows parallelization in energy in addition to space and angle. This Krylov solver has been shown to scale successfully to 200,000 cores: for example one test problem scaled from 69,120 cores to 190,080 cores with 98% efficiency. This paper shows that RQI works for some small problems. However, the Krylov method upon which it relies does not always converge because RQI creates ill-conditioned systems. This result leads to the conclusion that preconditioning is needed to allow this method to be applicable to a wider variety of problems.

Slaybaugh, R [University of Wisconsin; Evans, Thomas M [ORNL; Davidson, Gregory G [ORNL; Wilson, P. [University of Wisconsin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

3D Elemental Mapping of Cells using Electron and Ion Beams  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

3D Elemental Mapping of Cells Using Electron and Ion Beams. Summary: Although it is the most commonly used technique ...

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

490

Graphene Modified LiFePO4 Cathode Materials for High Power Lithium ion Batteries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Graphene-modified LiFePO{sub 4} composite has been developed as a Li-ion battery cathode material with excellent high-rate capability and cycling stability. The composite was prepared with LiFePO{sub 4} nanoparticles and graphene oxide nanosheets by spray-drying and annealing processes. The LiFePO{sub 4} primary nanoparticles embedded in micro-sized spherical secondary particles were wrapped homogeneously and loosely with a graphene 3D network. Such a special nanostructure facilitated electron migration throughout the secondary particles, while the presence of abundant voids between the LiFePO{sub 4} nanoparticles and graphene sheets was beneficial for Li{sup +} diffusion. The composite cathode material could deliver a capacity of 70 mAh g{sup -1} at 60C discharge rate and showed a capacity decay rate of <15% when cycled under 10C charging and 20C discharging for 1000 times.

Zhou, X.; Wang, F.; Zhu, Y.; Liu, Z.

2011-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

491

Spectral-Driven Isometry-Invariant Matching of 3D Shapes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a matching method for 3D shapes, which comprises a new technique for surface sampling and two algorithms for matching 3D shapes based on point-based statistical shape descriptors. Our sampling technique is based on critical points ... Keywords: 3D model retrieval, Feature points, Isometry-invariant matching, Laplace-Beltrami operator, Local statistical shape descriptors

Mauro R. Ruggeri; Giuseppe Patanè; Michela Spagnuolo; Dietmar Saupe

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Stochastic Modelling and 3D Minimum Variance RecursiveEstimation of Image Sequences  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper the 3D minimum variance filtering problem is considered. The proposed spatiotemporal filter is derived according to the assumption that the 3D signal can be modelled by an ensemble of smooth 3D gaussian random fields. The resulting ... Keywords: image processing, optimal filtering, stochastic modelling

L. Jetto

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Geometry and context for semantic correspondences and functionality recognition in man-made 3D shapes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We address the problem of automatic recognition of functional parts of man-made 3D shapes in the presence of significant geometric and topological variations. We observe that under such challenging circumstances, the context of a part within a 3D shape ... Keywords: 3D shape segmentation, graph kernels, shape correspondence, shape similarity

Hamid Laga, Michela Mortara, Michela Spagnuolo

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Recovery of 3D Solar Magnetic Field Model Parameter Using Image Structure Matching  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An approach to recover a 3D solar magnetic field model parameter using intensity images of the Sun's corona is introduced. The approach is a quantitative approach in which the 3D model parameter is determined via an image structure matching scheme. The ... Keywords: 3D Parameter Recovery, Image-based Modeling, Structure Matching

Jong Kwan Lee; G. Allen Gary

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Robust algorithm for tunnel closing in 3D volumetric objects based on topological characteristics of points  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this letter, we propose a robust, linear in time modification of Aktouf, Bertrand and Perroton's algorithm for tunnel (3D hole) closing in 3D volumetric objects. Our algorithm is insensitive to small distortions and branches. The algorithm has been ... Keywords: 3D image processing, Crack bridging, Skeletonisation, Topological numbers, Tunnel closing

Marcin Janaszewski; Micha? Postolski; Laurent Babout

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

A dual-mode user interface for accessing 3D content on the world wide web  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Web evolved from a text-based system to the current rich and interactive medium that supports images, 2D graphics, audio and video. The major media type that is still missing is 3D graphics. Although various approaches have been proposed (most notably ... Keywords: 3D graphics, 3D web, hypertext, user interface

Jacek Jankowski; Stefan Decker

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

DRAM-based FPGA enabled by three-dimensional (3d) memory stacking (abstract only)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Motivated by the emerging three-dimensional (3D integration technologies, this paper studies the potential of applying 3D memory stacking to enable FPGA devices use on-chip DRAM cells to store configuration data. In current design practice, FPGAs do ... Keywords: 3d integration, dram-based fpga, memory stacking

Yangyang Pan; Tong Zhang

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Review: 3D geo-database research: Retrospective and future directions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

3D geo-database research is a promising field to support challenging applications such as 3D urban planning, environmental monitoring, infrastructure management, and early warning or disaster management and response. In these fields, interdisciplinary ... Keywords: 3D GIS, Geo-data modelling, Geo-database, Information systems for geo- and environmental sciences

Martin Breunig; Sisi Zlatanova

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Exploring performance, power, and temperature characteristics of 3D systems with on-chip DRAM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

3D integration enables stacking DRAM layers on processor cores within the same chip. On-chip memory has the potential to dramatically improve performance due to lower memory access latency and higher bandwidth. Higher core performance increases power ... Keywords: embedded systems, power characteristics, temperature characteristics, 3D systems, on-chip DRAM, 3D integration, on-chip memory

Jie Meng; Daniel Rossell; Ayse K. Coskun

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Co-optimization of TSV assignment and micro-channel placement for 3D-ICs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The three dimensional circuit (3D-IC) brings forth new challenges to physical design such as allocation and management of through-silicon-vias (TSVs). Meanwhile, the thermal issues in 3D-IC becomes significant necessitating the use of active cooling ... Keywords: 3d-ic, liquid cooling, micro-channel, tsv assignment

Bing Shi; Caleb Serafy; Ankur Srivastava

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z