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1

Nanoscale Science, Engineering and Technology Research Directions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes important future research directions in nanoscale science, engineering and technology. It was prepared in connection with an anticipated national research initiative on nanotechnology for the twenty-first century. The research directions described are not expected to be inclusive but illustrate the wide range of research opportunities and challenges that could be undertaken through the national laboratories and their major national scientific user facilities with the support of universities and industry.

Lowndes, D. H.; Alivisatos, A. P.; Alper, M.; Averback, R. S.; Jacob Barhen, J.; Eastman, J. A.; Imre, D.; Lowndes, D. H.; McNulty, I.; Michalske, T. A.; Ho, K-M; Nozik, A. J.; Russell, T. P.; Valentin, R. A.; Welch, D. O.; Barhen, J.; Agnew, S. R.; Bellon, P.; Blair, J.; Boatner, L. A.; Braiman, Y.; Budai, J. D.; Crabtree, G. W.; Feldman, L. C.; Flynn, C. P.; Geohegan, D. B.; George, E. P.; Greenbaum, E.; Grigoropoulos, C.; Haynes, T. E.; Heberlein, J.; Hichman, J.; Holland, O. W.; Honda, S.; Horton, J. A.; Hu, M. Z.-C.; Jesson, D. E.; Joy, D. C.; Krauss, A.; Kwok, W.-K.; Larson, B. C.; Larson, D. J.; Likharev, K.; Liu, C. T.; Majumdar, A.; Maziasz, P. J.; Meldrum, A.; Miller, J. C.; Modine, F. A.; Pennycook, S. J.; Pharr, G. M.; Phillpot, S.; Price, D. L.; Protopopescu, V.; Poker, D. B.; Pui, D.; Ramsey, J. M.; Rao, N.; Reichl, L.; Roberto, J.; Saboungi, M-L; Simpson, M.; Strieffer, S.; Thundat, T.; Wambsganss, M.; Wendleken, J.; White, C. W.; Wilemski, G.; Withrow, S. P.; Wolf, D.; Zhu, J. H.; Zuhr, R. A.; Zunger, A.; Lowe, S.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

ST ATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS Nanoscale Science Research Center  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ST ST ATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS Nanoscale Science Research Center Class Waiver, W(C)-200S-001 The 21st Century Nanotechnology Research and Development Act, 15 U.S.c. §7501 et seq., (the "Nanotechnology Act"), signed into lawon December 3,2003, codifies programs and activities supported by the National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) and provides for the establishment of a network of advanced technology user facilities and centers. An "advanced technology user facility" is defined as "a nanotechnology research development facility supported, in whole or in part, by Federal funds that is open to all United States researchers on a competitive, merit- reviewed basis." 15 U.S.c. § 7509(5). DOE has established five user facilities under the Nanotechnology Act, known as Nanoscale Science Research Centers (NSRCs), which are funded by the

3

Nanoscale Science Research Centers | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Nanoscale Science Research Centers Nanoscale Science Research Centers Scientific User Facilities (SUF) Division SUF Home About User Facilities X-Ray Light Sources Neutron Scattering Facilities Nanoscale Science Research Centers Electron-Beam Microcharacterization Centers Accelerator & Detector Research & Development Principal Investigators' Meetings Scientific Highlights Construction Projects BES Home User Facilities Nanoscale Science Research Centers Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page The five NSRCs are DOE's premier user centers for interdisciplinary research at the nanoscale, serving as the basis for a national program that encompasses new science, new tools, and new computing capabilities. Each center has particular expertise and capabilities in selected theme areas, such as synthesis and characterization of nanomaterials; catalysis; theory,

4

NREL: Energy Sciences - Chemical and Nanoscale Science  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nanoscale Science Nanoscale Science Learn about our research staff including staff profiles, publications, and contact information. The primary goal of the Chemical and Nanoscale Science Group, within NREL's Chemical and Materials Science Center, is to understand photoconversion processes in nanoscale, excitonic photoconversion systems, such as semiconductor quantum dots, molecular dyes, conjugated molecules and polymers, nanostructured oxides, and carbon nanotubes. Closely associated with this goal are efforts to gain an understanding of how to use chemistry and physical tools to control and maximize the photoconversion process. The innovative chemistry and physics that evolve from these fundamental studies are used on a number of applied projects, maximizing the benefits from these discoveries.

5

Learning at the nanoscale: research questions that the rapidly evolving interdisciplinarity of science poses for the learning sciences  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent interdisciplinary discoveries in the sciences and engineering at the nanoscale, specifically in our ability to manipulate, molecules at atomic scales, suggests a need for the education community to reconsider the ways in which disciplinary-based ...

Sherry Hsi; Nora Sabelli; Joseph Krajcik; Robert Tinker; Kirsten Ellenbogen

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

The NIST Center for Nanoscale Science and Technology ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. CENTER FOR NANOSCALE SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY 2010 CENTER FOR NANOSCALE SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY 2010 Page 2. ...

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

7

NIST Nanoscale Science and Technology Center Now ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST Nanoscale Science and Technology Center Now Accepting Proposals. For Immediate Release: May 1, 2007. ...

2013-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

8

PNNL Nanoscale Research Safety Program Brown Bag  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PNNL's Nanoscale Research Safety Program Brown Bag Carbon nanotube research is a critical research capability at Pacifi c North- west National Laboratory (Digisource) Do you work...

9

DOE A9024 Final Report Functional and Nanoscale Materials Systems: Frontier Programs of Science at the Frederick Seitz Materials Research Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

The scientific programs of the FSMRL supported under the DOE A9024 Grant consisted of four interdisciplinary research clusters, as described. The clusters were led by Professors Tai Chiang (Physics), Jeffrey Moore (Chemistry), Paul Goldbart (Physics), and Steven Granick (Materials Science and Engineering). The completed work followed a dominant theme--Nanoscale Materials Systems--and emphasized studies of complex phenomena involving surfaces, interfaces, complex materials, dynamics, energetics, and structures and their transformations. A summary of our key accomplishments is provided for each cluster.

Lewis, Jennifer A.

2009-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

10

2-5 Interfacial & Nanoscale Science Facility  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

INSF Overview INSF Overview Interfacial & Nanoscale Science Facility The Interfacial & Nanoscale Science (I&NS) Facility is a world-class resource for scientific expertise and instrumentation related to the study of interfacial phenomena and nanoscience and technology. This section summarizes the capabilities that exist in the I&NS Facility, along with research programs associated with facility users. Activities in the I&NS Facility address national needs in environmental restoration, waste management, pollution preven- tion, energy, and national security through research that specializes in preparation, charac- terization, interactions, and reactivity of interfaces and nanoscale materials. The range of scientific expertise and instrumentation within the I&NS Facility provides a unique envi-

11

The NIST Center for Nanoscale Science and Technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... NANO LAB ... to be determined with unprecedented spatial and energy resolution. ... Center for Nanoscale Science and Technology National Institute of ...

2013-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

12

TMS 2010 Tutorial on "Nanoscale Computational Materials Science"  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

TMS 2010: Tutorial on Nanoscale Computational Materials Science February 14-18, 2010 Washington State Convention Center Seattle, WA. This tutorial...

13

Argonne Chemical Sciences & Engineering - National Security - Nanoscale  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nanoscale Engineering Nanoscale Engineering * Members * Contact * Publications * Overview * Nanospheres * Gel for Radioactive Decontamination * Advanced Radionuclide Sensor * Removal/Decontamination of Metal Substrates * Advanced Water Purification National Security Home National Security - Nanoscale Engineering Nanoscale Engineering Physical chemist Carol Mertz mixes a polyethylene glycol (PEG) coating for synthesized polymer nanospheres as polymer chemist Martha Finck examines a different PEG formulation. The coated nanospheres can be injected into humans following exposure to chemical, biological, or radiological toxins. The nanospheres selectively pick up these toxins and then are drawn out through a magnetic filtration system outside the body. Researchers in Nanoscale Engineering seek to bridge the gap between

14

CNST Researchers Observe Nanoscale Charge Transport in ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The efficiency is strongly dependent on the material morphology, making ... of nanoscale charge transport in bulk heterojunction solar cells, BH ...

2011-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

15

NIST Forensic Science Research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

*. Bookmark and Share. NIST Forensic Science Research. NIST has conducted and supported forensic science research for many decades. ...

2013-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

16

Argonne CNM Highlight: Graphene Research at the Center for Nanoscale  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Graphene Research at the Center for Nanoscale Materials Graphene Research at the Center for Nanoscale Materials graphene research The 2010 Nobel Prize in Physics was recently awarded to Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov from the University of Manchester "for groundbreaking experiments regarding the two-dimensional material graphene." Graphene is an extraordinary material made up of hexagonally packed carbon atoms that are sp2 bonded. A sheet of graphene is only one atom thick making it nature's version of an ideal two-dimensional material. At the Center for Nanoscale Materials we are exploring state-of-the-art synthesis, characterization, processing, and novel applications of graphene. With the highest resolution microscopes we are able to characterize the structural, electronic, and chemical properties of

17

NSF Nanoscale Science and Engineering Center Annual Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

under NYSTAR Contract # C020071 CENTER FOR NANOSCALE SYSTEMS IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES #12;2 NSEC Annual Report 2007 ­ 2008 and Continuation Request for FY2008 Center for Nanoscale Systems in Information and Patents #12;1. PROJECT SUMMARY The Center for Nanoscale Systems (CNS) has assembled interdisciplinary

Gaeta, Alexander L.

18

NSF Nanoscale Science and Engineering Center Annual Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NYSTAR Contract # C020071 CENTER FOR NANOSCALE SYSTEMS IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES #12;Annual Report: 2005 - 2006 Center for Nanoscale Systems in Information Technologies Table of Contents 1. Project Annual Report 2005 ­ 2006 3 1. PROJECT SUMMARY The Center for Nanoscale Systems (CNS) has assembled

Gaeta, Alexander L.

19

NSF Nanoscale Science and Engineering Center Annual Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on the development of light emitters and potential solar cells as well as on a new type of optical fiber which under NYSTAR Contract # C020071 CENTER FOR NANOSCALE SYSTEMS IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES #12;NSEC Annual Report 2008 ­ 2009 and Continuation Request for FY2009 Center for Nanoscale Systems in Information

Gaeta, Alexander L.

20

NSF -Nanoscale Science and Engineering Center Annual Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on the development of light emitters and potential solar cells as well as on a new type of optical fiber which under NYSTAR Contracts # C020071, C070106 CENTER FOR NANOSCALE SYSTEMS IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES #12;NSEC Annual Report 2009 ­ 2010 and Continuation Request for FY2010 Center for Nanoscale Systems

Gaeta, Alexander L.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanoscale science research" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Nanoscale Science, Engineering and Technology Research Directions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the many-body physics that was developed for the understanding of atoms or nuclei could be applied. In turn

Wu, Zhigang

22

Education research Primary Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Education research Primary Science Survey Report December 2011 #12;Primary Science Survey Report, Wellcome Trust 1 Background In May 2009 Key Stage 2 science SATs (Standard Assessment Tests) were abolished fiasco might occur, where the results were delayed and their quality questioned. The loss of science SATs

Rambaut, Andrew

23

Introduction & History The Center for Nanoscale Science exploits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and the control of light in nanostructures, Center activities involve forty eight students and post behavior of nanoscale systems with common themes of new materials synthesis and nano- fabrication, theory ferroelectric ferromagnetic, highly tunable dipole-spring ferroics, and other systems with new physical proper

Yener, Aylin

24

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - Nanoscale Measurements of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nanoscale Measurements of Glass Transition Temperature and Nanoscale Measurements of Glass Transition Temperature and Temperature-Dependent Mechanical Properties in Polymers M.P. Nikiforov, S. Jesse, L.T. Germinario (CNMS user, Eastman Chemical Co.), and S.V. Kalinin Achievement We report a novel method for local measurements of glass transition temperatures and the temperature dependence of elastic and loss moduli of polymeric materials. The combination of Anasys Instruments' heated tip technology, ORNL-developed band excitation scanning probe microscopy, and a "freeze-in" thermal profile technique allows quantitative thermomechanical measurements at high spatial resolution on the order of ~100 nm. Here, we developed an experimental approach for local thermomechanical probing that reproducibly tracks changes in the mechanical properties of

25

ATTACHMENT CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION FOR SMALL-SCALE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS USING NANOSCALE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION FOR SMALL-SCALE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS USING NANOSCALE MATERIALS, PACIFIC NORTHWEST NATIONAL LABORATORY, RICHLAND,WASH[NGTON Proposed Adion: The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Pacific Northwest Site Office (PNSO) proposes to conduct indoor small-scale research and development projects and small-scale pilot projects using nanoscale materials. Nanoscale materials are engineered materials consisting of, or containing structures of between 1 and 100 nanometers (nm) that make use of properties unique to nanoscale forms of materials. Location of Action: The proposed action would occur on the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) Site and in the vicinity ofPNNL facilities in the State of Washington. Description of the Proposed Action:

26

Life Sciences News  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Life Sciences News. ... may be within reach of every doctor's office if recent ... NIST Center for Nanoscale Science and Technology researchers Gregg ...

2010-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

27

Berkeley Lab Computing Sciences: Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sciences organization enables and advances computational research throughout the DOE science community. NERSC and ESnet provide high performance computing and networking...

28

Inspiring Careers in Science Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's (Berkeley Lab) Computing Sciences Diversity Outreach Program partnered with San Francisco's Lowell High School Science Research...

29

Annual Technical Report Nanoscale Science and Engineering Center (NSEC) for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

fechtenkoetter of BASf Global Research centre in Singapore. In feb 2009, BASf, the world's leading chemical

Shull, Kenneth R.

30

DOE Science Showcase - Computing Research  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

DOE Science Showcase - Computing Research Physics Computational Research Courtesy of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory For the growing number of problems where experiments are...

31

CSD: Research: Catalytic Science  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Catalytic Science Catalytic Science The DOE Chemical Energy program supports basic research in the area of chemical transformations or conversions which are fundamental to new or existing concepts of energy production and storage. A further goal of the program is to identify and develop environmentally benign approaches to the synthesis of chemicals via routes requiring a minimal consumption of energy. These objectives lead naturally to an emphasis on catalysis. Novel homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts are constantly being sought to enable the synthesis of desired products from nontraditional reactants, often with the aim of minimizing the production of toxic intermediates or byproducts, or to enable the more efficient production of products via existing reaction pathways. To this end, efforts are undertaken to

32

Argonne Chemical Sciences & Engineering - National Security - Nanoscale  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nanospheres for Human Detoxification Nanospheres for Human Detoxification Argonne scientists are developing technology that uses magnetic nanospheres for human detoxification of blood-borne toxins (radiological, biological, and chemical). Originally developed for in-field use by military personnel, the work also will have application in the early diagnosis and treatment of certain medical conditions. For more details, view the fact sheet. Nanospheres for Human Detoxification Intravenously injected into victims of radiological, chemical or biological attack, biodegradable nanospheres circulate through the bloodstream, where surface proteins bind to the targeted toxins. They are removed from the bloodstream by a small dual-channel shunt, inserted into an arm or leg artery, that circulates the blood through an external magnetic separator. Strong magnets in the shunt immobilize the iron-based particles, and clean blood flows back into the bloodstream. (Image courtesy of the Armed Forces Radiobiology Research Institute)

33

Research Highlights | Neutron Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research Highlights Research Highlights Biology & Medicine Biotechnology & Energy Fundamental Physics Imaging Magnetism Materials Nanotechnology Superconductivity Facilities and Capabilities Instruments User Program Publications and Resources Science and Education News and Awards NScD Careers Supporting Organizations Neutron Science Home | Science & Discovery | Neutron Science | Research Highlights SHARE Research Highlights No current Research Highlights found. 1-10 of 43 Results Comprehensive phonon "map" offers direction for engineering new thermoelectric devices January 08, 2014 - To understand how to design better thermoelectric materials, researchers are using neutron scattering at SNS and HFIR to study how a compound known as AgSbTe2, or silver antimony telluride, is

34

Inspiring Careers in Science Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Inspiring Careers in Inspiring Careers in Science Research Inspiring Careers in Science Research January 21, 2012 Lowell-3_2.JPG David Turner shows Lowell High School students around NERSC's computer room. (Photo by Margie Wylie) In an effort to expose high school students to careers in research, the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's (Berkeley Lab) Computing Sciences Diversity Outreach Program partnered with San Francisco's Lowell High School Science Research Program, an after school program that aims to give highly motivated juniors and seniors a chance to develop research projects with professional guidance with the intent to have the students enter the Intel Science Talent Search, a competition sponsored by Intel that offers college scholarships for outstanding scientific work.

35

Argonne National Laboratory Center for Nanoscale Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites

Laboratory Center for Nanoscale Materials Laboratory Center for Nanoscale Materials An Office of Science User Facility U.S. Department of Energy Search CNM ... Search CNM Home About CNM Research Facilities People For Users Publications News & Highlights Events Jobs CNM Users Organization Contact Us Other DOE Nanoscale Science Research Centers Casimir force reduction Casimir Force Reduction through Nanostructuring By nanostructuring one of two interacting metal surfaces at scales below the plasma wavelength, a new regime in the Casimir force was observed by researchers in the Center for Nanoscale Materials Nanofabrication & Devices Group working with collaborators at NIST, other national laboratories, and universities. Replacing a flat surface with a deep metallic lamellar grating with <100 nm features strongly suppresses the Casimir force and,

36

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Transient-Mediated fate determination in a transcriptional circuit of HIV Transient-Mediated fate determination in a transcriptional circuit of HIV Leor S. Weinberger (University of California, San Diego), Roy D. Dar (University of Tennessee), and Michael L. Simpson (Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory) Achievement One of the greatest challenges in the characterization of complex nanoscale systems is gaining a mechanistic understanding of underlying processes that cannot be directly imaged. Recent research at the CNMS1 explored a novel technique of discovering the details of these interactions through the measurement of the structure of stochastic fluctuations that occur in neighboring nanoscale system components that can be directly imaged. In this work [Nature Genetics, 40(4), 466-470 (2008)], in collaboration with a

37

Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Biomass Components at Nanoscale To Dilute Acid Pretreatment The generation of bioethanol from lignocellulosic biomass holds great promise for renewable and clean energy...

38

Research opportunities in photochemical sciences  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The workshop entitled {open_quotes}Research Opportunities in Photochemical Sciences{close_quotes} was initiated by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Energy Research (ER), Office of Basic Energy Sciences (BES), Division of Chemical Sciences. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) in Golden, Colorado was requested by ER to host the workshop. It was held February 5-8, 1996 at the Estes Park Conference Center, Estes Park, CO, and attended by about 115 leading scientists and engineers from the U.S., Japan, and Europe; program managers for the DOE ER and Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) programs also attended. The purpose of the workshop was to bridge the communication gap between the practioneers and supporters of basic research in photochemical science and the practioneers and supporters of applied research and development in technologies related to photochemical science. For the purposes of the workshop the definition of the term {open_quotes}photochemical science{close_quotes} was broadened to include homogeneous photochemistry, heterogeneous photochemistry, photoelectrochemistry, photocatalysis, photobiology (for example, the light-driven processes of biological photosynthesis and proton pumping), artificial photosynthesis, solid state photochemistry, and solar photochemistry. The technologies under development through DOE support that are most closely related to photochemical science, as defined above, are the renewable energy technologies of photovoltaics, biofuels, hydrogen energy, carbon dioxide reduction and utilization, and photocatalysis for environmental cleanup of water and air. Individual papers were processed separately for the United states Department of Energy databases.

NONE

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Science & Research Agriculture & Food  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to environmentalists, who want the funding diverted to renewable energy research. The initiative began as a US-Russian project in the 1980s but now includes the EU, China, India, Japan and South Korea. 45% of the funding

40

EMSL: Science: Research Campaigns  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EMSL Research Campaigns NMR To accelerate scientific progress in areas of high importance to DOE and the nation, EMSL launched a new concept for user proposals in 2010. Envisioned...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanoscale science research" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Research Highlights | Nuclear Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

News and Awards News and Awards Nuclear Science Home | Science & Discovery | Nuclear Science | Research Highlights SHARE Research Highlights 1-3 of 3 Results Neutron scattering continues as a vital tool in superconductivity studies January 01, 2011 - In 2008, the totally unexpected discovery of a New class of superconductors, the iron pnictides, set off A Feverish international effort to understand them. Fabrication and Characterization of Uranium-based High Temperature Reactor Fuel June 01, 2013 - The Uranium Fuel Development Laboratory is a modern R&D scale lab for the fabrication and characterization of uranium-based high temperature reactor fuel. Light Water Reactor Fuel Cladding Research June 01, 2013 - ORNL is the focus point for Light Water Reactor (LWR)

42

NIST Highlight about investigating nanoscale pattern shape ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST researchers validate new method for investigating nanoscale pattern shape evolution. NIST researchers successfully ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

43

Research Highlights - ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

First-Ever Sub-Nanoscale Snapshots of Renegade Protein in Huntington's Disease The HFIR Bio-SANS instrument probes "disease-relevant" peptide at tenths of billionths of a meter...

44

Sandia National Labs: PCNSC: Research: Optical Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Optical Sciences The focus of the Optical Sciences thrust is to understand and exploit the elegant interaction between light and matter. Our research portfolio encompasses the...

45

Nuclear Science Research Facilities Nuclear Science User Guide  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LANSCE User Guide Nuclear Science Research Facilities #12;#12;Nuclear Science User Guide Table of Contents Introduction 3 Nuclear Science Research Facilities 3 The LANSCE Accelerator 4 Time structure techniques 8 Nuclear Science User Program 11 Proposal Process 13 Information for Prospective Users 14

46

Chemical Sciences Division: Research: Programs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Programs Programs The Chemical Sciences Division (CSD) is one of Berkeley Laboratory's basic research divisions. The CSD is composed of individual research groups that conduct research in the areas of chemical physics and the dynamics of chemical reactions, the structure and reactivity of transient species, electron spectroscopy, surface chemistry and catalysis, electrochemistry, chemistry of the actinide elements and their relationship to environmental issues, and atomic physics. The division's 28 principal investigators, many of whom are on the faculty of the University of California at Berkeley, direct the individual research projects and the work of 6 staff scientists, 41 postdoctoral researchers, and 75 graduate students. Our research staff continues to achieve fundamental advances in understanding the structure and reactivity of critical reaction intermediates and transients using both state-of-the-art experimental and theoretical methods. In addition, the division supports a strong effort in heterogeneous and homogeneous catalysis.

47

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - Policies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

POLICIES User Access Policy - Version 1.1 General Policies and Procedures for User Access to the DOE Nanoscale Science Research Centers Peer Review and Advisory Bodies Evaluation...

48

Research: US National Science Foundation: $19m security research programme  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The US National Science Foundation (NSF) plans to set up a research programme for long-term solutions to computer security problems. The NSF - an independent federal agency that supports research and education in science and engineering - expects to ...

Terry Ernest-Jones

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Materials Science and Engineering Onsite Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science and Engineering Onsite Research As the lead field center for the DOE Office of Fossil Energy's research and development program, the National Energy Technology Laboratory...

50

Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Unconventional Superconductors Unconventional Superconductors Doug Scalapino discusses "common thread" linking unconventional superconducting materials Dec 2011, Written by Deborah Counce Douglas Scalapino Professor Emeritus Douglas Scalapino. Douglas Scalapino was the inaugural speaker for a new joint lecture series sponsored by the Spallation Neutron Source and the Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. He is Research Professor of Physics at the University of California-Santa Barbara. A leading theorist in condensed matter physics, he has been a fellow of the American Physical Society and a member of the National Academy Sciences. He has been awarded the John Bardeen Prize for theoretical work in superconductivity and the Julius Lilienfeld Prize for outstanding

51

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - Archived CNMS Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CNMS USER RESEARCH CNMS USER RESEARCH Fluctuations and Correlations in Physical and Biological Nanosystems Michael L. Simpson and Peter T. Cummings Center for Nanophase Materials Science, Oak Ridge National Laboratory When components at one level (atoms, molecules, nanostructures, etc) are coupled together to form higher-level - mesoscale - structures, new collective phenomena emerge. Optimizing such systems requires embracing stochastic fluctuations in a manner similar to that found in nature. E.g., homeostasis - regulation of a cell's internal environment to maintain stability and function at the mesoscale (i.e., cell) in the face of an unpredictable environment - is maintained even though there is considerable noise at the nanoscale (protein, RNA, molecular motor). A recent ACS Nano

52

DOE Science Showcase - Neutron Science Research from DOE Databases | OSTI,  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

DOE Science Showcase - Neutron Science Research from DOE Databases DOE Science Showcase - Neutron Science Research from DOE Databases Additional neutron science research in DOE Databases Information Bridge Neutron scattering research was pioneered in 1946 by ORNL's Clifford G. Shull, winner of 1994 Nobel Prize in Physics. Access Shull's early research records in Energy Citations Database. Neutron scattering research was pioneered in 1946 by ORNL's Clifford G. Shull, winner of 1994 Nobel Prize in Physics. Access Shull's early research records in Energy Citations Database. Energy Citations Database DOE R&D Accomplishments DOE R&D Project Summaries DOE Data Explorer DOepatents Researchers at DOE labs, including Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), and Oak Ridge National Laboratory

53

Research facility access & science education  

SciTech Connect

As Congress voted to terminate the Superconducting Super Collider (SSC) Laboratory in October of 1993, the Department of Energy was encouraged to maximize the benefits to the nation of approximately $2 billion which had already been expended to date on its evolution. Having been recruited to Texas from other intellectually challenging enclaves around the world, many regional scientists, especially physicists, of course, also began to look for viable ways to preserve some of the potentially short-lived gains made by Texas higher education in anticipation of {open_quotes}the SSC era.{close_quotes} In fact, by November, 1993, approximately 150 physicists and engineers from thirteen Texas universities and the SSC itself, had gathered on the SMU campus to discuss possible re-uses of the SSC assets. Participants at that meeting drew up a petition addressed to the state and federal governments requesting the creation of a joint Texas Facility for Science Education and Research. The idea was to create a facility, open to universities and industry alike, which would preserve the research and development infrastructure and continue the educational mission of the SSC.

Rosen, S.P. [Univ. of Texas, Arlington, TX (United States); Teplitz, V.L. [Southern Methodist Univ., Dallas, TX (United States). Physics Dept.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

PNNL: Research Highlights: Fundamental & Computational Sciences...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science Directorate Highlights Latest Highlights Computer Simulations Indicate Calcium Carbonate Has a Dense Liquid PhaseResearch could help scientists predict how carbon is stored...

55

Nanoscale Materials Safety at the Department's Laboratories  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

U.S. Department of Energy Office of Inspector General Office of Audit Services Audit Report Nanoscale Materials Safety at the Department's Laboratories DOE/IG-0788 February 2008 Department of Energy Washington, DC 2 0 5 8 5 February 28, 2008 MEMORANDUM FOR FROM: Inspector General SUBJECT: IhTFORMATION: Audit Report on "Nanoscale Materials Safety at the Department's Laboratories" BACKGROUND The National Nanotechnology Initiative was established as a multi-agency research and development program in 200 1. As a part of the Initiative, the Department of Energy (Energy) is in the process of constructing Nanoscale Science Research Centers at six national laboratories. In addition to funding the construction and operation of these

56

Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research Highlights For all the latest highlights on research at HFIR and SNS, please see the links at left. Featured Research Neutron diffraction reveals semiconducting phase and...

57

Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home Research Highlights Nanotechnology Research Highlights Nanotechnology Entering a new phase: First observation of polymer interphase in nanoconfinement at SNS...

58

EMSL: Science: Research and Capability Development Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Intramural Research & Capability Development Program Intramural Research & Capability Development Program The EMSL Intramural Research and Capability Development Program facilitates development of new research tools and enables EMSL staff members to advance the important skills and expertise necessary to enhance the EMSL user program. These intramural projects are intended to increase the scientific visibility of EMSL staff in areas that promote the objectives of EMSL's three science themes- Biological Interactions and Dynamics, Geochemistry/Biogeochemistry and Subsurface Science, and Science of Interfacial Phenomena. Technical outcomes of this program include journal publications, scientific presentations, new capabilities or capability enhancements, and expertise to augment EMSL user activities and foster development of innovative

59

What Makes Science, Science? Research, Shared Effort ... & A...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

researchers with the most advanced tools of modern science, ranging from particle accelerators to supercomputers. There's a tab for finding funding from SC, as well as a place to...

60

Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

plastic makers can use to improve manufacturing techniques. The work is funded by ExxonMobil and is the basis for a new National Science Foundation Center that involves...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanoscale science research" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nanotechnology Archive Research Highlights Nanotechnology Archive Reflectivity Studies of Layered Nanoassemblies Researchers are using the Liquids Reflectometer at SNS to probe the...

62

Vortex Dynamics in NanoScale Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Into the Vortex: Dynamics in Nanoscale Materials Into the Vortex: Dynamics in Nanoscale Materials Micron and nanosized magnets are of great interest for their potential applications in new electronic devices, such as magnetic random access memories. As the size of magnets is reduced to a 1-micron scale and below, the boundaries (surfaces, perimeters, etc) of the objects begin to profoundly influence both the static and dynamic behavior of the materials. Researchers from Argonne's Materials Science Division (MSD), Center for Nanoscale Materials (CNM), and Advanced Photon Source (APS) have recently examined the dynamics of 3- to 7-micron-diameter NiFe alloy disks with a combination of theoretical calculations and a new time-resolved magnetic imaging technique using synchrotron-based x-ray photoemission electron

63

Research Areas | Nuclear Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Simulation & Validation Nuclear Systems Technology Reactor Technology Research Highlights Facilities and Capabilities Educational Outreach Publications and Reports News and Awards...

64

Chemistry and Materials Science progress report, first half FY 1992. Weapons-Supporting Research and Laboratory Directed Research and Development  

SciTech Connect

This report contains sections on: Fundamentals of the physics and processing of metals; interfaces, adhesion, and bonding; energetic materials; plutonium research; synchrotron radiation-based materials science; atomistic approach to the interaction of surfaces with the environment: actinide studies; properties of carbon fibers; buried layer formation using ion implantation; active coherent control of chemical reaction dynamics; inorganic and organic aerogels; synthesis and characterization of melamine-formaldehyde aerogels; structural transformation and precursor phenomena in advanced materials; magnetic ultrathin films, surfaces, and overlayers; ductile-phase toughening of refractory-metal intermetallics; particle-solid interactions; electronic structure evolution of metal clusters; and nanoscale lithography induced chemically or physically by modified scanned probe microscopy.

Not Available

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

NREL: Photovoltaics Research - Science and Technology Facility  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science and Technology Facility Science and Technology Facility Photo of the Science and Technology Facility (S&TF) at NREL. NREL's Science and Technology Facility (S&TF) has a sustainable and energy efficient design and will support solar cell, thin film, and nanostructure research. Solar cell, thin film, and nanostructure research are conducted in our Science and Technology Facility (S&TF) with the benefits of a forty percent reduction in energy use compared to standard laboratory buildings; energy recovery for ventilation in laboratories; and functional and flexible laboratory space. Designed specifically to reduce time delays associated with transferring technology to industry, the S&TF's 71,000 square feet is a multi-level facility of laboratory space, office space, and lobby connected by an

66

Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of electrons through the semiconductor. Researchers from the University of Alabama and ORNL used polarized neutrons at the MR to investigate the electronic, magnetic, and...

67

Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lucas Magnetic Refrigeration Studies Researchers are using instruments at SNS and HFIR for the information needed for smart design of a magnetocaloric thin film to enable...

68

Neutron Science Research Areas | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biology and Soft Matter Chemical and Engineering Materials Quantum Condensed Matter Neutron Data Analysis and Visualization Research Highlights Facilities and Capabilities...

69

Report of the Cyber Security Research Needs for Open Science...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the Cyber Security Research Needs for Open Science Workshop Report of the Cyber Security Research Needs for Open Science Workshop Protecting systems and users, while maintaining...

70

Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Superconducting Research for ITER Superconducting Research for ITER Materials Engineering Research at SNS Helps International Collaboration on Fusion Energy Research Contact: Xun-Li Wang May 2011, Written by Deborah Counce Scientists and engineers at ORNL are working with the ITER Organization and the Japanese Atomic Energy Agency to resolve issues with a critical component of ITER's experimental fusion reactor. ITER is the international research facility in southeastern France whose mission is to demonstrate the feasibility of fusion as a practical long-term energy source. VULCAN VULCAN, engineering diffractometer at SNS. The VULCAN Engineering Diffractometer at SNS is being used to examine superconducting cables for ITER's central solenoid magnet, which induces the electrical current needed to confine and shape the plasma inside the

71

Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biology & Medicine Archive Biology & Medicine Archive Research Highlights Biology & Medicine Archive Small-Angle Neutron Scattering Team Finds Structural Differences in Sindbis Virus Particles from Different Host Species (2010) Published Work: "The Structure of Sindbis Virus Produced from Vertebrate and Invertebrate Hosts as Determined by Small-Angle Neutron Scattering" Contact: Flora Meilleur Targeted Drug Delivery Systems Studies of the unique structure of synthetic molecules will help in the development of drugs that can target diseased areas of the body. This researched on dendrimers revealed how molecules function within solutions at different pH levels. (2008) Research in progress. Contact: Wei-Ren Chen "Intelligent" Polymers for Biomedical Technologies

72

A Nanoscale "Tune-Up" for Fuel Cells | U.S. DOE Office of Science...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

for Teachers and Scientists Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer Project Assessment Laboratories Ames Laboratory Argonne National...

73

Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Battery Studies Battery Studies A Wealth of New Battery Research at SNS and HFIR Technical Contacts: Xun-Li Wang, Ashfia Huq, Jung-Hyun Kim October 2010, Written by Carolyn Krause Neutron scattering, capable of looking deep inside the structures of materials used in technologies such as batteries and fuel cells, is a natural tool for research in energy storage and production. Several users of neutron scattering instruments at the SNS and HFIR presented details of their energy-related research to prospective scientific facility users attending the opening session of ORNL's User Week at SNS. Most of the energy-related research reported in the session dealt with batteries for electric and hybrid electric cars. Better batteries are also needed for storing excess electricity generated by wind and solar power so

74

Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home › Research › Highlights › Biology & Medicine Home › Research › Highlights › Biology & Medicine Research Highlights Biology & Medicine New technique for improving cancer detection Contact:Maria Cekanova Neutrons help shed light on critical protein activity that protects our DNA Published Work: "A new structural framework for integrating replication protein A into DNA processing machinery" Contact: Walter Chazin SNS researchers overcome the freezing sample problem in biostudies (2012) Published Work: "Water-protein dynamic coupling and new opportunities for probing it at low to physiological temperatures in aqueous solutions" Contact: Eugene Mamontov Studying how a protein's dynamics can take down a killer (2012) Contact: Melissa Sharp Martha "cow-laborates" to help unravel protein structure in milk

75

Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thin-Film Solar Cells SNS, HFIR Experiments Help Refine Thin-Film Solar Cells Research Contact: Thomas Russell July 2011, Written by Deborah Counce Solar cells that convert...

76

Research at ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

banner Conducting Research at SNS and HFIR Next proposal call deadline is Sep. 5, 2012, 11:59am (EDT) (NOON) for experiment period January-June 2013. Log onto IPTS Proposal...

77

Whirlpools on the Nanoscale Could Multiply Magnetic Memory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Whirlpools on the Nanoscale Could Whirlpools on the Nanoscale Could Multiply Magnetic Memory Whirlpools on the Nanoscale Could Multiply Magnetic Memory Print Tuesday, 21 May 2013 00:00 Research at the Advanced Light Source may lead to four-bit magnetic cells housed on nanoscale metal disks, instead of the two-bit magnetic domains of standard magnetic memories. In magnetic vortices, parallel electron spins point either clockwise or counterclockwise, while in their crowded centers the spins point either down or up. "From the scientist's point of view, magnetism is about controlling electron spin," says Peter Fischer of the Materials Sciences Division, who leads the work at beamline 6.1.2. Four orientations could provide multibits in a new kind of memory. The next step is to control the states independently and simultaneously.

78

CNST Co-sponsors Global Workshop on Nanoscale ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The other sponsors include the ASME, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, and the College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering (CNSE ...

2013-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

79

Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ionic Liquids for Biofuels Ionic Liquids for Biofuels SANS Probes Surface of Four Feed Stocks Pretreated with Ionic Liquid Research promising for renewable and sustainable biofuels and chemicals Research Contact: Seema Singh May 2011, Written by Agatha Bardoel Ionic liquids have emerged as promising new solvents capable of disrupting the cellulose crystalline structure, possibly also breaking important chemical linkages, in a wide range of biomass feedstocks. Such biomass is of significant future importance for providing fuels and chemicals. Biomass has a complex mixture of cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin that is difficult to break down and requires pretreatment for efficient conversion. Researchers pretreated four different feedstocks with an ionic liquid at high temperatures for a fixed time and compared the effectiveness

80

Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fast Proton Hopping in Ice Fast Proton Hopping in Ice Fast Proton Hopping in Ice (Ih) Confirmed by Quasi-Elastic Neutron Scattering "With these results, we have an experimental proof of fast proton hopping in ice," researcher says Research Contact: Alexander Kolesnikov June 2011, Written by Agatha Bardoel Protons (positive hydrogen ions) in an ice lattice have been "seen" to fast hop from one water molecule to another, using quasi-elastic neutron scattering at the SNS Backscattering Spectrometer, BASIS. This fundamental phenomenon that occurs at very low temperatures has important consequences for future investigations of proton conductivity in solids. The research could open the door to a new understanding of how electrolytes work in a system. Proton hopping in ice occurs when "extra" protons diffuse through

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanoscale science research" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Magnetic Spin Behavior in Iron Magnetic Spin Behavior in Iron Telluride ARCS maps collaborative magnetic spin behavior in iron telluride Local, itinerant spins collaborate, boosting magnetism with temperature Research Contact: Igor Zaliznyak Dec. 2011, Written by Agatha Bardoel Researchers have long thought that magnetism and superconductivity are mutually exclusive. The former typically involves localized atomic electrons. The latter requires freely propagating, itinerant electrons. That magnetism and high-temperature superconductivity (HTSC) are mutually exclusive was challenged by the recent discovery of antiferromagnetic phases in parent materials of both HTSC cuprates and iron pnictides and chalcogenides. Antiferromagnetism is a form of magnetic ordering in which the spins of the

82

Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Superconductivity Superconductivity Research Highlights Superconductivity Archive New Neutron Studies Support Magnetism's Role in Superconductors Recent neutron scattering experiments give strong evidence that if superconductivity is related to a material's magnetic properties, the same mechanisms are behind both copper-based, high-temperature superconductors and the newly discovered iron-based superconductors. The research was performed at SNS and HFIR and the ISIS Facility at Rutherford Appleton Laboratory in England. (2010) Published Work: "Evolution of spin excitations into the superconducting state in FeTe1-xSex" Contact: Mark Lumsden Advances in Unconventional Iron-Based Superconductors The discovery of more diverse superconducting materials will lead to more

83

Science & Research Highlights | Advanced Photon Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed Science and Research Highlights Animatedly Suspended X-ray Observations Animatedly Suspended X-ray Observations December 16, 2013 Researchers using the U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Photon Source have probed the behavior of colloidal systems in which microscopic particles stay suspended in a fluid indefinitely. Their findings could have applications in new synthetic materials such as paints, coatings and adhesives, foodstuffs, pharmaceutical formulations, and cosmetics. The Fate of Bioavailable Iron in Antarctic Coastal Seas The Fate of Bioavailable Iron in Antarctic Coastal Seas

84

Global change research: Science and policy  

SciTech Connect

This report characterizes certain aspects of the Global Change Research Program of the US Government, and its relevance to the short and medium term needs of policy makers in the public and private sectors. It addresses some of the difficulties inherent in the science and policy interface on the issues of global change. Finally, this report offers some proposals for improving the science for policy process in the context of global environmental change.

Rayner, S.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Molecular Science Research Center 1992 annual report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Molecular Science Research Center is a designated national user facility, available to scientists from universities, industry, and other national laboratories. After an opening section, which includes conferences hosted, appointments, and projects, this document presents progress in the following fields: chemical structure and dynamics; environmental dynamics and simulation; macromolecular structure and dynamics; materials and interfaces; theory, modeling, and simulation; and computing and information sciences. Appendices are included: MSRC staff and associates, 1992 publications and presentations, activities, and acronyms and abbreviations.

Knotek, M.L.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

phase behavior in carbon pores phase behavior in carbon pores Neutrons measure phase behavior in pores at angstrom size Compelling new methods for assessing carbon pores for hydrogen storage in fuel cells Research Contact: Yuri Melnichenko Jan. 2012, Written by Agatha Bardoel Yuri Melnichenko and Lilin He GP-SANS instrument scientist Yuri Melnichenko (left) and postdoctoral associate Lilin He. Researchers have measured the phase behavior of green house gases in pores at the angstrom level, using small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory's High Flux Isotope Reactor. Yuri Melnichenko, an instrument scientist on the General-Purpose Small-Angle Neutron Scattering (GP-SANS) Diffractometer at ORNL's High Flux Isotope Reactor, his postdoctoral associate Lilin He and collaborators

87

Los Alamos researchers create 'map of science'  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Map of science Map of science Los Alamos researchers create 'Map of Science' A high-resolution graphic depiction of the virtual trails scientists leave behind when they retrieve information from online services. March 11, 2009 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Contact James E. Rickman

88

Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Neutron/Proton Capture Neutron/Proton Capture Beam Line 13 Fuels Discovery Fever for Fundamental Physicists Research Contact: Geoff Greene June 2011, Written by Agatha Bardoel Serpil Kucuker Dogan (left) and Matthew Musgrave prepare a helium-3 cooling cell that is used to measure the angle at which the neutron beam strikes the liquid hydrogen sample. The simplest, most sensible " Big Bang" universe, theoretical physicists believe, would be one in which equal numbers of particles and antiparticles are formed in pairs. As the universe cools, most of these particles would encounter their antiparticles, and they would annihilate. "In many ways, the most reasonable universe would be one in which there is no matter," says the University of Tennessee's Dr. Geoff Greene.

89

Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Possible valence bond condensation in a frustrated cluster magnet Possible valence bond condensation in a frustrated cluster magnet Research at SNS's POWGEN instrument results in Nature Materials publication The work links magnetism on clusters to geometric magnetic frustration in extended solids, demonstrating a new paradigm for unparalleled chemical control and tunability in the search for collective, emergent electronic states of matter. A team from The Johns Hopkins University and led by Tyrel McQueen recently synthesized and characterized the geometrically frustrated magnetic system, LiZn2Mo3O8. In such systems, competing exchange interactions cannot all be satisfied and as a result, the ground state degenerates. The material appears to form a condensed valence bond state that is reminiscent of the long-sought resonating valence bond state and a possible

90

Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biotechnology & Energy Biotechnology & Energy Neutron Imaging Reveals Lithium Distribution in Lithium-Air Electrodes Published Work: "Anomalous Discharge Product Distribution in Lithium-Air Cathodes" Contact: Jagjit Nanda Theory meets experiment: structure-property relationships in an electrode material for solid-oxide fuel cells (2012) Published Work: "Unveiling structure-property relationships in Sr2Fe1.5Mo0.5O6-#, an electrode material for symmetric solid oxide fuel cells" Contact: Ana B. Munoz-Garcia ORNL researchers probe invisible vacancies in fuel cell materials (2012) Published Work: "Probing oxygen vacancy concentration and homogeneity in solid-oxide fuel-cell cathode materials on the subunit-cell level" Contact: Albina Borisevich Studying how a protein's dynamics can take down a killer

91

Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Coal Pores: Greenhouse Gases and Coal Pores: Greenhouse Gases and Methane Energy and Environmental Solutions Under Our Feet Mix of neutron scattering techniques helps resolve critical problems of confining greenhouse gases and extracting methane Research Contact: Yuri Melnichenko August 2011, Written by Agatha Bardoel Yuri Melnichenko at the GPSANS instrument GP-SANS instrument scientist Yuri Melnichenko (left) and postdoctoral associate Lilin He. When you heat water in a kettle, you can make tea or coffee. But what happens if the vessel is sealed? Ultimately, at a temperature called the liquid-gas critical point, the density of the liquid and the vapor become identical: There is no more water, there is no more gas. What you have is a supercritical fluid. The phenomenon of liquid-liquid and liquid-gas coexistence was a

92

NETL: Onsite Research: Materials Science  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Metallography Metallography NETL has a state-of-the art metallographic facility staffed with world renowned experts with experience on a wide range of alloys and materials with the tools to get the job done. Our metallography staff works with their customers to reveal the microstructure contained within the specimens using sophisticated polishing, staining, and microscopic techniques to develop new techniques and improve upon old ones. An understanding of the microstructure is a useful tool in a wide range of situations from developing processing techniques on new material to evaluating the performance of new and existing materials after exposure to aggressive conditions. The information our staff obtains is an invaluable part of a research program. For example:

93

Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Atomic-Scale Behavior of "Cobalt Blue" Atomic-Scale Behavior of "Cobalt Blue" Neutron Analysis Reveals Unique Atomic-Scale Behavior of "Cobalt Blue" Research Contact: Gregory MacDougall ORNL News Release, September 2011, Media Contact: Bill Cabage Cobalt aluminate Just as cobalt blue's lustrous hue attracts artists and decorators, the antiferromagnetic properties of the responsible compound-cobalt aluminate-are attracting neutron scientists at DOE's Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Studies of magnetic interactions deep within the material's atomic structure may provide clues toward the development of energy-efficient technologies. (Light sconce image courtesy of B. Jefferson Bolender. Click image for high res version.) Neutron scattering studies of "cobalt blue," a compound prized by artists

94

Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Methane Hydrate Structure Methane Hydrate Structure SNS Diffractometer puts the squeeze on methane hydrate cages, unraveling its high-pressure structure Compressed by 600,000 pounds per square inch, methane clathrate hydrate's high-pressure structure is revealed. Research Contact: Chris Tulk Mar. 2012, Written by: Agatha Bardoel Chris Tulk, SNAP instrument scientist Chris Tulk, SNAP instrument scientist. Imagine a robot sent out on the prowl on this energy hungry planet looking for methane, the principal component of what we call "natural gas" and probably the most abundant organic compound on earth. Our robot would find this energy source in shale deposits, notably here on the east coast of the United States. However, the most abundant deposits of natural gas are under water on the continental shelves and in the

95

Center for Nanoscale Materials Director Petford-Long chats with 'Science in  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

News News Press Releases Feature Stories In the News Experts Guide Media Contacts Social Media Photos Videos Fact Sheets, Brochures and Reports Summer Science Writing Internship Petford-Long (background, arms folded) looks on as a group of eighth-grade girls makes a trial run of their toy car - a car for which they built and installed a pulley transmission - during Argonne's 2012 "Introduce a Girl to Engineering Day." To view a larger version of the image, click on it. Petford-Long (background, arms folded) looks on as a group of eighth-grade girls makes a trial run of their toy car - a car for which they built and installed a pulley transmission - during Argonne's 2012 "Introduce a Girl to Engineering Day." To view a larger version of the image, click on it.

96

NETL: Advanced Research - Computation Energy Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Computational Energy Sciences Computational Energy Sciences Advanced Research Computational Energy Sciences Virtual Plant Simulating the complex processes occurring inside a coal gasifier, or across an entire chemical or power plant, is an incredible tool made possible by today's supercomputers and advanced simulation software. The Computational Energy Sciences (CES) Focus Area provides such tools to the Fossil Energy program at NETL. The goal is to help scientists and engineers to better understand the fundamental steps in a complex process so they can optimize the design of the equipment needed to run it. Not only is this less costly than performing a long series of experiments under varying conditions to try to isolate important variables, but it also provides more information than such experiments can provide. Of course, the data is

97

Center for Science and Technology Policy Research Briefing #2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with George Bush's science advisor John Marburger: Pielke, Jr., R. A., 2006. Science Policy without ScienceCenter for Science and Technology Policy Research Briefing #2 In 2006, we launched a new email briefing about our Center's science policy work. We are working to improve how science and technology

Colorado at Boulder, University of

98

Carbon Sequestration Research in the Office of Science and Technology...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

researchers in the NETL's Office of Science and Technology (OST) have been performing carbon sequestration research. The OST research program has expanded in recent years as...

99

Mapping the Nanoscale Landscape  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mapping the Nanoscale Landscape Print Mapping the Nanoscale Landscape Print For the first time, researchers have successfully mapped the chemical structure of conjugated polymer blend films with a spatial resolution of better than 50 nm using scanning transmission x-ray microscopy (STXM). This is not just another application of STXM. It is a breakthrough experiment on several levels. Correlating local composition to electronic/optical device characteristics will pave the way to characterizing a whole new class of materials with STXM-multicomponent organic electronic devices that have intrinsically nanoscale dimensions. Understanding where charge transport and recombination occur in these materials helps explain the efficient performance of polymer-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and will lead to a new avenue of research on organic electronic devices, supporting emerging technologies such as molecular computing and promoting increased efficiencies in existing organic technologies (organic LEDs and solar cells).

100

Mapping the Nanoscale Landscape  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mapping the Nanoscale Landscape Print Mapping the Nanoscale Landscape Print For the first time, researchers have successfully mapped the chemical structure of conjugated polymer blend films with a spatial resolution of better than 50 nm using scanning transmission x-ray microscopy (STXM). This is not just another application of STXM. It is a breakthrough experiment on several levels. Correlating local composition to electronic/optical device characteristics will pave the way to characterizing a whole new class of materials with STXM-multicomponent organic electronic devices that have intrinsically nanoscale dimensions. Understanding where charge transport and recombination occur in these materials helps explain the efficient performance of polymer-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and will lead to a new avenue of research on organic electronic devices, supporting emerging technologies such as molecular computing and promoting increased efficiencies in existing organic technologies (organic LEDs and solar cells).

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanoscale science research" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Mapping the Nanoscale Landscape  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mapping the Nanoscale Landscape Print Mapping the Nanoscale Landscape Print For the first time, researchers have successfully mapped the chemical structure of conjugated polymer blend films with a spatial resolution of better than 50 nm using scanning transmission x-ray microscopy (STXM). This is not just another application of STXM. It is a breakthrough experiment on several levels. Correlating local composition to electronic/optical device characteristics will pave the way to characterizing a whole new class of materials with STXM-multicomponent organic electronic devices that have intrinsically nanoscale dimensions. Understanding where charge transport and recombination occur in these materials helps explain the efficient performance of polymer-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and will lead to a new avenue of research on organic electronic devices, supporting emerging technologies such as molecular computing and promoting increased efficiencies in existing organic technologies (organic LEDs and solar cells).

102

NETL: Advanced Research - Computation Energy Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Computational Energy Sciences > APECS Computational Energy Sciences > APECS Advanced Research Computational Energy Sciences APECS APECS Virtual Plant APECS (Advanced Process Engineering Co-Simulator) is the first simulation software to combine the disciplines of process simulation and computational fluid dynamics (CFD). This unique combination makes it possible for engineers to create "virtual plants" and to follow complex thermal and fluid flow phenomena from unit to unit across the plant. Advanced visualization software tools aid in analysis and optimization of the entire plant's performance. This tool can significantly reduce the cost of power plant design and optimization with an emphasis on multiphase flows critical to advanced power cycles. A government-industry-university collaboration (including DOE, NETL, Ansys/

103

What Makes Science, Science? Research, Shared Effort ... & A New Office of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Makes Science, Science? Research, Shared Effort ... & A New Makes Science, Science? Research, Shared Effort ... & A New Office of Science Website What Makes Science, Science? Research, Shared Effort ... & A New Office of Science Website March 28, 2011 - 12:10pm Addthis Charles Rousseaux Charles Rousseaux Senior Writer, Office of Science What makes science, science? To find out, click into the new Office of Science (SC) website. You'll see what science is about on the new Office of Science website through In Focus items and In the News links from the world of science. The site also has a special tab on Discoveries and Innovation, a section designed to showcase work done at National Labs and Program Offices which have opened new worlds of understanding and improved our lives in significant and substantial ways.

104

Berkeley Lab Earth Sciences Division - Research - Programs - Climate &  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

research > programs > climate_carbon_sciences research > programs > climate_carbon_sciences Climate & Carbon Sciences Program Research Areas The Carbon Cycle Better Models for Robust Climate Projection Climate Science for a Sustainable Energy Future Projects Contacts Facilities & Centers Publications Climate & Carbon Sciences Program Climate & Carbon Sciences Program The global carbon cycle strongly regulates earth's climate, while anthropogenic disturbance of the carbon cycle is the main cause of current and predicted climate change. At the same time, humans depend on the terrestrial carbon cycle for food, fiber, energy, and pharmaceuticals. The Climate and Carbon Sciences Program of the Earth Sciences Division at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory encompasses both atmospheric and

105

Computational Science Guides and Accelerates Hydrogen Research (Fact Sheet), Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technical Highlights (HFCTH), NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 * December 2010 2 * December 2010 Computational Science Supports HSCoE Research Engineered Nanospaces  Simulated pore size for enhanced physisorption  Established theoretical relationship between volumetric and gravimetric capacity Doped Materials  Theorized metal dispersion for boron substituted carbon  Guided enhancement of metal dispersion and hydrogen sorption by boron substitution of graphite Binding of Dihydrogen  Determined mechanism and promise on nanoscale  Investigated macroscopic materials Spillover  Confirmed feasibility of energetics, thermodynamics, and kinetics Computational Science Guides and Accelerates Hydrogen Research Teams: Lin Simpson, Hydrogen Storage; Maria Ghirardi, Photobiology Accomplishment: Through computational science,

106

Research | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research Research Basic Energy Sciences (BES) BES Home About Research Materials Sciences & Engineering (MSE) Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, and Biosciences (CSGB) Accelerator and Detector Research Research Conduct Policies DOE Energy Innovation Hubs Energy Frontier Research Centers National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of BES Funding Opportunities Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee (BESAC) News & Resources Contact Information Basic Energy Sciences U.S. Department of Energy SC-22/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3081 F: (301) 903-6594 E: sc.bes@science.doe.gov More Information » Research Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Basic Energy Sciences (BES) supports a variety of research disciplines that

107

Laboratory E133 - Material Science and Hydrogen Research ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... E137 | E138. Laboratory E133 - Material Science and Hydrogen Research Laboratory. Laboratory Contacts. Name: Kimberly ...

2013-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

108

NETL: Advanced Research - Coal Utilization Sciences/Sensors ...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of pulverized coal with laser diagnostics. NETL's Advanced Research Coal Utilization Science (CUS) Program is a crosscutting research and development effort whose goal is to...

109

NERSC Role in Fusion Energy Science Research Katherine Yelick  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fusion Energy Science Research Katherine Yelick NERSC Director Requirements Workshop NERSC Mission The mission of the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC)...

110

Molecular Science Research Center, 1991 annual report  

SciTech Connect

During 1991, the Molecular Science Research Center (MSRC) experienced solid growth and accomplishment and the Environmental, and Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) construction project moved forward. We began with strong programs in chemical structure and dynamics and theory, modeling, and simulation, and both these programs continued to thrive. We also made significant advances in the development of programs in materials and interfaces and macromolecular structure and dynamics, largely as a result of the key staff recruited to lead these efforts. If there was one pervasive activity for the past year, however, it was to strengthen the role of the EMSL in the overall environmental restoration and waste management (ER/WM) mission at Hanford. These extended activities involved not only MSRC and EMSL staff but all PNL scientific and technical staff engaged in ER/WM programs.

Knotek, M.L.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Available Technologies: Nanoscale Parametric Amplifier  

A research team led by Berkeley Labs Alex Zettl has developed a nanoscale electro-mechanical amplifier that can be used for enhanced radio wave detection and ...

112

Managing Research Data in Big Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The project which led to this report was funded by JISC in 2010--2011 as part of its 'Managing Research Data' programme, to examine the way in which Big Science data is managed, and produce any recommendations which may be appropriate. Big science data is different: it comes in large volumes, and it is shared and exploited in ways which may differ from other disciplines. This project has explored these differences using as a case-study Gravitational Wave data generated by the LSC, and has produced recommendations intended to be useful variously to JISC, the funding council (STFC) and the LSC community. In Sect. 1 we define what we mean by 'big science', describe the overall data culture there, laying stress on how it necessarily or contingently differs from other disciplines. In Sect. 2 we discuss the benefits of a formal data-preservation strategy, and the cases for open data and for well-preserved data that follow from that. This leads to our recommendations that, in essence, funders should adopt rather lig...

Gray, Norman; Woan, Graham

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Accelerator R&D: Research for Science - Science for Society  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In September 2011 the US Senate Appropriations Committee requested a ten-year strategic plan from the Department of Energy (DOE) that would describe how accelerator R&D today could advance applications directly relevant to society. Based on the 2009 workshop 'Accelerators for America's Future' an assessment was made on how accelerator technology developed by the nation's laboratories and universities could directly translate into a competitive strength for industrial partners and a variety of government agencies in the research, defense and national security sectors. The Office of High Energy Physics, traditionally the steward for advanced accelerator R&D within DOE, commissioned a task force under its auspices to generate and compile ideas on how best to implement strategies that would help fulfill the needs of industry and other agencies, while maintaining focus on its core mission of fundamental science investigation.

The HEP Accelerator R& D Task Force: N.R. Holtkamp,S. Biedron, S.V. Milton, L. Boeh, J.E. Clayton, G. Zdasiuk, S.A. Gourlay, M.S. Zisman,R.W. Hamm, S. Henderson, G.H. Hoffstaetter, L. Merminga, S. Ozaki, F.C. Pilat, M. White

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Published Research 2013 | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Published Research 2013 Published Research 2013 Most publications are in Adobe Portable Document Format. Download Adobe Reader. For more information about any of these publications, please contact the Neutrons Sciences Communications Office. Primary Author Index: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A Ackerman D., Heberle F. A., Feigenson G. W., "Limited perturbation of a DPPC bilayer by fluorescent lipid probes: a molecular dynamics study", Journal of Physical Chemistry B 117, 4844-4852. Aczel A. A., Bugaris D. E., Li L., Yan J.-Q., Cruz C. dela, Loye H.-C. zur, Nagler S. E., "Frustration by competing interactions in the highly distorted double perovskites La2NaB'O6 (B'=Ru, Os)", Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 87, 014435. Aczel A. A., Bugaris D. E., Yeon J., Cruz C. dela, Loye H.-C. zur,

115

PNNL: Research - Fundamental & Computational Sciences Directorate...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Subsurface Science Enabled by the Office of Science Security & Privacy | Contact PNNL Last Update: August 2013 | Pacific Northwest National Laboratory <% conn.close set...

116

Computational Science Guides and Accelerates Hydrogen Research (Fact Sheet)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This fact sheet describes NREL's accomplishments in using computational science to enhance hydrogen-related research and development in areas such as storage and photobiology. Work was performed by NREL's Chemical and Materials Science Center and Biosciences Center.

Not Available

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

NASA Research Strategy for Earth System Science: Climate Component  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the principles adopted by the NASA Earth Science Enterprise in formulating a comprehensive 20022010 research strategy for earth system science, and outlines one component of this broad interdisciplinary program, focused on ...

Ghassem Asrar; Jack A. Kaye; Pierre Morel

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS User Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Small Angle Neutron Scattering Study of Conformation of Oligo(ethylene Small Angle Neutron Scattering Study of Conformation of Oligo(ethylene glycol)-Grafted Polystyrene in Dilute Solutions: Effect of the Backbone Length Gang Cheng,1 Yuri B. Melnichenko,1 George D. Wignall,1 Fengjun Hua,2 Kunlun Hong,2 and Jimmy W. Mays2 1Neutron Scattering Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory 2Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Achievement: The cooperative interactions among functional segments of biopolymers have led to attempts to create novel synthetic polymers, which are environmentally responsive to various stimuli, such as temperature or pH, in a controlled manner. Understanding the nanoscale conformational changes and phase behavior upon exposure of these polymers to external stimuli is

119

Nanoscience Images from the Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS)  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

DOE's Nanoscale Science Research Centers to support the synthesis, processing, fabrication, and analysis of materials at the nanoscale are also National User Facilities. The Center for Nanophase Materials Science is currently one of five ceterns for interdisciplinary research at the nanoscale. These centers are laboratories for nanofabrication, may have one-of-a-kind signature instruments, including nanopatterning tools and research-grade probe microscopes. The images produced by nanoscience research and the technologies involved are beautiful and unique. This website makes available a very small collection but very high quality, public domain images

120

Managing Research Data in Big Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The project which led to this report was funded by JISC in 2010--2011 as part of its 'Managing Research Data' programme, to examine the way in which Big Science data is managed, and produce any recommendations which may be appropriate. Big science data is different: it comes in large volumes, and it is shared and exploited in ways which may differ from other disciplines. This project has explored these differences using as a case-study Gravitational Wave data generated by the LSC, and has produced recommendations intended to be useful variously to JISC, the funding council (STFC) and the LSC community. In Sect. 1 we define what we mean by 'big science', describe the overall data culture there, laying stress on how it necessarily or contingently differs from other disciplines. In Sect. 2 we discuss the benefits of a formal data-preservation strategy, and the cases for open data and for well-preserved data that follow from that. This leads to our recommendations that, in essence, funders should adopt rather light-touch prescriptions regarding data preservation planning: normal data management practice, in the areas under study, corresponds to notably good practice in most other areas, so that the only change we suggest is to make this planning more formal, which makes it more easily auditable, and more amenable to constructive criticism. In Sect. 3 we briefly discuss the LIGO data management plan, and pull together whatever information is available on the estimation of digital preservation costs. The report is informed, throughout, by the OAIS reference model for an open archive.

Norman Gray; Tobia Carozzi; Graham Woan

2012-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanoscale science research" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Published Research 2009 | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

09 09 Published Research 2009 Most publications are in Adobe Portable Document Format. Download Adobe Reader. For more information about any of these publications, please contact the Neutrons Sciences Communications Office. Primary Author Index: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A A. Abdou, M. Wendel, D. Felde, and B. Riemer, "CFD validation of gas injection in flowing mercury over vertical smooth and grooved wall," Proceedings of the ASME Fluids Engineering Division Summer Conference 2009, FEDSM2009 1 (Part B), 1061-1067 (2009). M. Agamalian, J. M. Carpenter, and J. W. Richardson, "Validity of the Darwin and Ewald reflectivity functions in the range of the far wings: Neutron diffraction study." Physics Letters A 373, 292-295 (2009). A. Alfonsov, E. Vavilova, V. Kataev, B. Büchner, A. Podlesnyak, M.

122

NETL: Advanced Research - Computation Energy Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MFIX MFIX Advanced Research Computational Energy Sciences MFIX MFIX (Multiphase Flow with Interphase eXchanges) is a general-purpose computer code developed at the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) for describing the hydrodynamics, heat transfer and chemical reactions in fluid-solids systems. It has been used for describing bubbling and circulating fluidized beds and spouted beds. MFIX calculations give transient data on the three-dimensional distribution of pressure, velocity, temperature, and species mass fractions. MFIX code is based on a generally accepted set of multiphase flow equations. The code is used as a "test-stand" for testing and developing multiphase flow constitutive equations. MFIX Virtual Plant Consider a fluidized bed coal gasification reactor, in which pulverized

123

Published Research 2008 | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 8 Published Research 2008 Most publications are in Adobe Portable Document Format. Download Adobe Reader. For more information about any of these publications, please contact the Neutrons Sciences Communications Office. Primary Author Index: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P R S T W X Y Z A K. Abe, A. Kohyama, S. Tanaka, C. Namba, T. Terai, T. Kunugi, T. Muroga, A. Hasegawa, A. Sagara, S. Berk, S. J. Zinkle, D. K. Sze, D. A. Petti, M. A. Abdou, N. B. Morley, R. J. Kurtz, L. L. Snead, and N. M. Ghoniem, "Development of Advanced Blanket Performance under Irradiation and System Integration through Jupiter-Ii Project," Fusion Engineering and Design 83, 842-849 (2008). D. L. Abernathy "ARCS: a wide Angular-Range Chopper Spectrometer at the SNS," Notiziario Neutroni e Luce di Sincrotrone 13, 4 (2008).

124

Mapping of Indian computer science research output, 1999---2008  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The research output of India in computer science during 1999---2008 is analyzed in this paper on several parameters including total research output, its growth, rank and global publication share, citation impact, share of international collaborative ... Keywords: Computer science, Information technology, Mapping, Research priorities in computer

B. M. Gupta; Avinash Kshitij; Charu Verma

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Oak Ridge National Laboratory - Physical Sciences Directorate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences The Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is a Department of Energy / Office of Science Nanoscale Science Research Center (NSRC) operating as a highly collaborative and multidisciplinary user research facility. The CNMS is one of five DOE NSRCs that form an integrated national user network. Each NSRC is associated with other major national research facilities at one of DOE's National Laboratories, enabling their application to nanoscale science and technology. The central organizing concept of CNMS is to provide unique opportunities to understand nanoscale materials, assemblies, and phenomena, by creating a set of scientific synergies that will accelerate the process

126

PNNL: Research Highlights - Nano Science, Engineering, and Technology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research Highlights Research Highlights Advanced Characterization and other new tools for Nanoscience and Technology PNNL and FEI team to use new approach to rapidly obtain three dimensional information about elemental distribution in nanoparticles. The method was applied to a lithium-rich nickel-based material that could be part of tomorrow's batteries. The research team discovered how nickel was segregating on the material's surface. Part of a series of groundbreaking research involving nano-scale characterization of battery materials. This research was featured in Phys.Org. The Birth of nanoDESI New technique provides sensitive analysis of atmospheric particles Scientific Stimulus Produces Results A cascade of opportunities are unleashed by one instrument, a novel idea, and EMSL's intramural program

127

The research-teaching nexus in the sciences : scientific research dispositions and teaching practice.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation describes several studies concerning the research-teaching nexus in the sciences. General, it is recognized that a strong nexus exist between research and teaching (more)

Rijst, Roeland Matthijs van der

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

NETL Researchers Chosen as Science & Engineering Ambassadors | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Researchers Chosen as Science & Engineering Ambassadors Researchers Chosen as Science & Engineering Ambassadors NETL Researchers Chosen as Science & Engineering Ambassadors November 6, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - Four researchers at the Office of Fossil Energy's (FE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) have been chosen as Science & Engineering Ambassadors, with the goal of increasing public understanding and engagement with energy issues. Science and Engineering Ambassadors (left to right): George Guthrie, Bryan Morreale, Alexandra Hakala, and Paul Ohodnicki Science and Engineering Ambassadors (left to right): George Guthrie, Bryan Morreale, Alexandra Hakala, and Paul Ohodnicki The new program, a pilot project of the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering, was created to build on the respect

129

Earth Sciences Division Research Summaries 2006-2007  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Office of Environmental Management, Office of ScienceResearch; DOE Office of Environmental Management, Office of2) the Office of Environmental Management, Environmental

DePaolo, Donald

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

NETL: Office of Science and Engineering Research - Contacts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Geological and Environmental Systems George Guthrie 412-386-6571 Materials Science Bryan Morreale 412-386-5929 Division Directors Engineering Research Daniel Maloney...

131

Cancer research at Berkeley Lab: the intersection of science...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Climate September Conservation October Geosciences November Chemistry December Health Cancer research at Berkeley Lab: the intersection of science and health Mention the...

132

Battery Researchers Go With the Flow | U.S. DOE Office of Science...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Battery Researchers Go With the Flow Basic Energy Sciences (BES) BES Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of BES Funding Opportunities Basic Energy Sciences...

133

The Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences (CIRES)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

competition of the National Ocean Sciences Bowl and is closely interacting with NOAA and CU public affairsThe Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences (CIRES) Annual Report on NOAA Dynamics Cryospheric and Polar Processes Environmental Chemistry and Biology Solid Earth Sciences The five

Colorado at Boulder, University of

134

New Nanoscale Engineering Breakthrough Points to Hydrogen-Powered Vehicles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Patterning High-density Arrays of Nanospheres with Self Assembly Patterning High-density Arrays of Nanospheres with Self Assembly Cells Forming Blood Vessels Send Their Copper to the Edge A Molecular Cause for One Form of Deafness Water Theory is Watertight Nanowire Micronetworks from Carbon-Black Nanoparticles Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed New Nanoscale Engineering Breakthrough Points to Hydrogen-Powered Vehicles MARCH 7, 2007 Bookmark and Share Nenad Markovic and Vojislav Stamenkovic with the new three-chamber UHV system at Argonne. Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory have developed an advanced concept in nanoscale catalyst engineering - a

135

DOE Science Showcase - "PECASE: Outstanding early career research  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

"PECASE: Outstanding early career research "PECASE: Outstanding early career research honored" Energy Department Scientists & Engineers Honored with Presidential Early Career Awards PECASE award ceremony DOE recently recognized the following scientists and engineers at the outset of their independent research careers: Dillon Fong and Elena V. Shevchenko of Argonne National Laboratory Find Dillon Fong's research in the Energy Citations Database Find Elena Shevchenko's research with the Energy Citations Database Gavin E. Crooks and Trent R. Northen of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Find Gavin Crooks research with the Science Accelerator Find Trent Northen's research with the Science Accelerator Jacob M. Hookerof Brookhaven National Laboratory Find Jacob Hooker's research in the Energy Citations Database

136

Reporting guidelines for simulation-based research in social sciences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reproducibility of research is critical for the healthy growth and accumulation of reliable knowledge, and simulation-based research is no exception. However, studies show many simulation-based studies in the social sciences ...

Rahmandad, Hazhir

137

Charter for the ARM Climate Research Facility Science Board  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of the ARM Science Board is to promote the Nations scientific enterprise by ensuring that the best quality science is conducted at the DOEs User Facility known as the ARM Climate Research Facility. The goal of the User Facility is to serve scientific researchers by providing unique data and tools to facilitate scientific applications for improving understanding and prediction of climate science.

Ferrell, W

2013-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

138

NETL Researchers Chosen as Science & Engineering Ambassadors...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

challenges including CO2 storage, unconventional fossil-fuel production, and shale-gas production. Dr. Bryan Morreale, NETL's acting Materials Science and Engineering...

139

National Science Foundation Opportunities for Collaborative Research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This results from the recognition that significant science and engineering ... with universities as part of the NSF Small Business activity. competitive R&D.

140

BESC Research : BioEnergy Science Center  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

GO About Research Resources Education Industry Redefining the Frontiers of Bioenergy Research Biomass Formation Deconstruction and Conversion Enabling Technologies BESC Research...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanoscale science research" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Research | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Programs » FES Home » Research Programs » FES Home » Research Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) FES Home About Research Fusion Institutions Fusion Links International Activities Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of FES Funding Opportunities Fusion Energy Sciences Advisory Committee (FESAC) News & Resources Contact Information Fusion Energy Sciences U.S. Department of Energy SC-24/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-4941 F: (301) 903-8584 E: sc.fes@science.doe.gov More Information » Research Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page The ITER Project is a seven-member international collaboration to design, build, and operate a first-of-a-kind international research facility in St. Paul lez Durance, France aimed at demonstrating the scientific and

142

Nanoscale design to enable the revolution in renewable energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The creation of a sustainable energy generation, storage, and distribution infrastructure represents a global grand challenge that requires massive transnational investments in the research and development of energy technologies that will provide the amount of energy needed on a sufficient scale and timeframe with minimal impact on the environment and have limited economic and societal disruption during implementation. In this opinion paper, we focus on an important set of solar, thermal, and electrochemical energy conversion, storage, and conservation technologies specifically related to recent and prospective advances in nanoscale science and technology that offer high potential in addressing the energy challenge. We approach this task from a two-fold perspective: analyzing the fundamental physicochemical principles and engineering aspects of these energy technologies and identifying unique opportunities enabled by nanoscale design of materials, processes, and systems in order to improve performance and reduce costs. Our principal goal is to establish a roadmap for research and development activities in nanoscale science and technology that would significantly advance and accelerate the implementation of renewable energy technologies. In all cases we make specific recommendations for research needs in the near-term (25 years), mid-term (510 years) and long-term (>10 years), as well as projecting a timeline for maturation of each technological solution.

unknown authors

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Research | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Research Research Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers Research Basic Research Needs Grand Challenges Science Highlights News & Events Publications Contact BES Home Research Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page The 46 EFRC awards span the full range of energy research challenges described in the BES Basic Research Needs (BRN) series of workshop reports while also addressing one or more of the science grand challenges described in the BESAC report, Directing Matter and Energy: Five Challenge for Science and the Imagination (see below). Many of the EFRCs address multiple energy challenges that are linked by common scientific themes, such as interfacial chemistry for solar energy conversion and electrical energy storage or rational design of materials for multiple potential energy

144

Materials Research Highlights Archive | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research Highlights Archive VULCAN Fires Up Research Across a Range of User Problems The SNS engineering diffractometer, VULCAN, only recently completed commissioning, although it...

145

Research Specialist/Laboratory Manager Stable Isotope Laboratory for Earth and Environmental Science Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Research Specialist/Laboratory Manager Stable Isotope Laboratory for Earth and Environmental Science Research Department of Geology & Planetary Science, University of Pittsburgh We invite applications for a full-time Research Specialist/Laboratory Manager position for the Stable Isotope Laboratory

Sibille, Etienne

146

Research in the chemical sciences: Summaries of FY 1994  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This summary book is published annually on research supported by DOE`s Division of Chemical Sciences in the Office of Energy Research. Research in photochemical and radiation sciences, chemical physics, atomic physics, chemical energy, separations and analysis, heavy element chemistry, chemical engineering sciences, and advanced batteries is arranged according to national laboratories, offsite institutions, and small businesses. Goal is to add to the knowledge base on which existing and future efficient and safe energy technologies can evolve. The special facilities used in DOE laboratories are described. Indexes are provided (topics, institution, investigator).

Not Available

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Summaries of FY 1993 research in the chemical sciences  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The summaries in photochemical and radiation sciences, chemical physics, atomic physics, chemical energy, separations and analysis, heavy element chemistry, chemical engineering sciences, and advanced battery technology are arranged according to national laboratories and offsite institutions. Small business innovation research projects are also listed. Special facilities supported wholly or partly by the Division of Chemical Sciences are described. Indexes are provided for selected topics of general interest, institutions, and investigators.

Not Available

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Safe Handling of Engineering Nanoscale Materials: DOE Office...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A. H. Carim A. H. Carim Basic Energy Sciences Basic Energy Sciences 5 DOE Policy 456.1: DOE Policy 456.1: Secretarial Policy Statement On Nanoscale Safety Secretarial...

149

Applying design science research for enterprise architecture business value assessments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the effort to measure the business value and impact of Enterprise Architecture (EA), we need to adapt an appropriate form of information systems research in order to cope with the encountered challenges. For this purpose, we employed Design Science ... Keywords: business value assessment, design science, enterprise architecture

Martin Meyer; Markus Helfert; Brian Donnellan; Jim Kenneally

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Polish grid infrastructure for science and research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Structure, functionality, parameters and organization of the computing Grid in Poland is described, mainly from the perspective of high-energy particle physics community, currently its largest consumer and developer. It represents distributed Tier-2 in the worldwide Grid infrastructure. It also provides services and resources for data-intensive applications in other sciences.

Ryszard Gokieli; Krzysztof Nawrocki; Adam Padee; Dorota Stojda; Karol Wawrzyniak; Wojciech Wislicki

2007-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

151

Polish grid infrastructure for science and research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Structure, functionality, parameters and organization of the computing Grid in Poland is described, mainly from the perspective of high-energy particle physics community, currently its largest consumer and developer. It represents distributed Tier-2 in the worldwide Grid infrastructure. It also provides services and resources for data-intensive applications in other sciences.

Gokieli, Ryszard; Padee, Adam; Stojda, Dorota; Wawrzyniak, Karol; Wislicki, Wojciech

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

OSTI Brings Foreign Research to U.S. Science Community  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

OSTI Brings Foreign Research to U.S. Science Community August 19, 2005 Oak Ridge, TN - Each year the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Scientific and Technical Information...

153

Center for Engineering Science Advanced Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Defense Theory - Computation - Experiments Current research topics Missile defense: tracking, discrimination, sensor resource allocation optimization, flash hyperspectral...

154

Research Areas | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Research Research Areas Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, & Biosciences (CSGB) Division CSGB Home About Research Areas Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) DOE Energy Innovation Hubs Scientific Highlights Reports & Activities Principal Investigators' Meetings BES Home Research Areas Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page To meet the challenge of supporting basic research programs that are also energy relevant, the Division manages portfolio components that consist of distinct Core Research Activities (CRAs), which align with the Division's organizational and budget structures. The CRAs are structured as scientific disciplines, rather than as technology areas, to facilitate the cross-cutting nature of basic research and to align our programs with the

155

Research briefs of the Physical and Chemical Sciences Center  

SciTech Connect

As Sandia National Laboratories and the Physical and Chemical Sciences Center develop an increasingly diverse set of customers, research partners, and Cooperative Research and Development Agreements (CRADA`s) with industry, there is a need for providing more concise information describing their technical achievements and capabilities. This publication, Research Briefs, is designed to inform the present and potential partners in research and technology advancement. Their research emphasizes semiconductor physics, electronic materials, surface physics and chemistry, plasma and chemical processing sciences, lasers and optics, vision science, ion-solid interactions and defect physics, and advanced materials physics. The specific programs they pursue are driven by the research goals which are greatly influenced by interactions with the government and industrial customers.

Vook, F.L.; Smith, W.L. [eds.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

156

NREL: Energy Sciences - William Tumas  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chemical & Nanoscale Science Theoretical Materials Science Materials Science Hydrogen Technology & Fuel Cells Process Technology & Advanced Concepts Research Staff Computational Science Printable Version William Tumas Associate Laboratory Director, Materials and Chemical Science and Technology Photo of William Tumas Phone: (303) 384-7955 Email: Bill.Tumas@nrel.gov At NREL Since: 2009 Dr. William Tumas is the Associate Laboratory Director for Materials and Chemical Science and Technology, National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). He is responsible for overall leadership, management, technical direction, and workforce development of the materials and chemical science and technology capabilities at NREL spanning fundamental and applied R&D for renewable energy and energy efficiency. Key program areas include solar

157

Published Research 2008 | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 8 Most publications are in Adobe Portable Document Format. Download Adobe Reader. For more information about any of these publications, please contact the Neutrons Sciences Communications Office. Primary Author Index: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A Abernathy D. L., "ARCS: a wide Angular-Range Chopper Spectrometer at the SNS", Notiziario Neutroni e Luce di Sincrotrone 13, 4-7 . Ambaye H., Goyette R., Parizzi A., Klose F., "SNS magnetism reflectometer", Neutron News 19, 11-13. Anderson I. S., Horak C. M., Counce D. M., Ekkebus A. E., "ORNL Neutron Sciences Annual Report for 2007", ORNL/TM-2009/111. Ankner J. F., Tao X., Halbert C. E., Browning J. F., Kilbey II S. M., Swader O. A., admun M. S., Kharlampieva E., Sukhishvili S. A., "The SNS

158

Research : BioEnergy Science Center  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research 2011 Biotechnology Industry Organization Annual Convention Plenary Session Basic Biomass info Biofuels: Bringing Biological Solutions to Energy Challenges How Cellulosic...

159

Collaborative Research Visits | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Matter Division, Stephen Nagler Available Programs Visiting Student Thesis Research Program: Short- and long-term opportunities are available for university-based graduate...

160

Research at the Institute for Environmental Science & Policy - University  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research at the Institute for Environmental Science & Policy - University Research at the Institute for Environmental Science & Policy - University of Illinois at Chicago August 8, 2013 Speakers: Thomas L. Theis Director, Institute for Environmental Science & Policy (IESP) University of Illinois at Chicago David H. Wise Associate Director, IESP University of Illinois at Chicago Date: Thursday, August 8, 2013 Time: 2:00-3:00 pm Location: Argonne National Laboratory TCS Building 240 Room 1404/1405 The Institute for Environmental Science and Policy (IESP) at the University of Illinois at Chicago was created in 1999 to catalyze interdisciplinary research addressing the increasingly complex environmental problems of the 21st century. IESP envisions an academy in which the constraints and limitations imposed by disciplinary perspectives are eased, while their

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanoscale science research" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Nanoscale Synthesis and Characterization Laboratory Annual Report 2007  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Nanoscale Synthesis and Characterization Laboratory's (NSCL) primary mission is to create and advance interdisciplinary research and development opportunities in nanoscience and technology. The NSCL is delivering on its mission providing Laboratory programs with scientific solutions through the use of nanoscale synthesis and characterization. While this annual report summarizes 2007 activities, we have focused on nanoporous materials, advanced high strength, nanostructured metals, novel 3-dimensional lithography and characterization at the nanoscale for the past 3 years. In these three years we have synthesized the first monolithic nanoporous metal foams with less than 10% relative density; we have produced ultrasmooth nanocrystalline diamond inertial confinement fusion capsules; we have synthesized 3-dimensional graded density structures from full density to 5% relative density using nanolithography; and we have established ultrasmall angle x-ray scattering as a non-destructive tool to determine the structure on the sub 300nm scale. The NSCL also has a mission to recruit and to train personnel for Lab programs. The NSCL continues to attract talented scientists to the Laboratory. Andrew Detor from Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Sutapa Ghosal from the University of California, Irvine, Xiang Ying Wang from Shanghai Institute of Technology, and Arne Wittstock from University of Bremen joined the NSCL this year. The NSCL is pursuing four science and technology themes: nanoporous materials, advanced nanocrystalline materials, novel three-dimensional nanofabrication technologies, and nondestructive characterization at the mesoscale. The NSCL is also pursuing building new facilities for science and technology such as nanorobotics and atomic layer deposition.

Hamza, A V

2008-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

162

Research Areas | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Research Areas Research Areas Materials Sciences and Engineering (MSE) Division MSE Home About Research Areas Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) DOE Energy Innovation Hubs BES Funding Opportunities The Computational Materials and Chemical Sciences Network (CMCSN) Theoretical Condensed Matter Physics Scientific Highlights Reports and Activities Principal Investigators' Meetings BES Home Research Areas Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page To meet the challenge of supporting basic research programs that are also energy relevant, the Division manages portfolio components that consist of distinct Core Research Activities (CRAs), which align with the Division's organizational .pdf file (51KB) and budget structures. The CRAs are structured as scientific disciplines, rather than as technology

163

Environmental Sciences Division: Summaries of research in FY 1996  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the Fiscal Year 1996 activities and products of the Environmental Sciences Division, Office of Biological and Environmental Research, Office of Energy Research. The report is organized into four main sections. The introduction identifies the basic program structure, describes the programs of the Environmental Sciences Division, and provides the level of effort for each program area. The research areas and project descriptions section gives program contact information, and provides descriptions of individual research projects including: three-year funding history, research objective and approach used in each project, and results to date. Appendixes provide postal and e-mail addresses for principal investigators and define acronyms used in the text. The indexes provide indexes of principal investigators, research institutions, and keywords for easy reference. Research projects are related to climatic change and remedial action.

NONE

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Research Reactors Division | Neutron Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

is responsible for operation of the High Flux Isotope Reactor. Operating at 85 MW, HFIR is the highest flux reactor-based source of neutrons for research in the United States,...

165

Research Accelerator Division | Neutron Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Kevin Jones The Research Accelerator Division is responsible for operation of the SNS accelerator complex, which consists of a negative hydrogen-ion injector, a 1 GeV linear...

166

Research Accelerator Division | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Kevin Jones. The Research Accelerator Division (RAD) is responsible for operation of the SNS accelerator complex, which consists of a negative hydrogen-ion injector, a 1 GeV linear...

167

Polyelectrolyte biomaterials - Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home › Research › Highlights › Polyelectrolyte biomaterials Home › Research › Highlights › Polyelectrolyte biomaterials Detecting the shape of polymer chains inside polyelectrolyte biomaterials Bio-SANS research for replacing cartilage in the spine and knees Research Contact: Marie Markarian Feb. 2012, Written by Agatha Bardoel Left: neutron scattering with contrast variation reveals the coil conformation of single polymer molecules in a blend of PSS and PDADMA. Contrast variation is achieved by deuteration of some of the PSS molecules (D-PSS) in the mixture. Right: The slope of the scattering curve exhibits a power law dependence Q-2, which is a characteristic signature of the random coil conformation of a polymer chain molecule. Left: neutron scattering with contrast variation reveals the coil conformation of single polymer molecules in a blend of PSS and PDADMA.

168

Published Research 2010 | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the backward direction from a lead target irradiated with 200 to 1000 MeV protons", Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 268, 3426-3433. B Baik K., Jiang J.,...

169

Research in the chemical sciences. Summaries of FY 1995  

SciTech Connect

This summary book is published annually to provide information on research supported by the Department of Energy`s Division of Chemical Sciences, which is one of four Divisions of the Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the Office of Energy Research. These summaries provide the scientific and technical public, as well as the legislative and executive branches of the Government, information, either generally or in some depth, about the Chemical Sciences program. Scientists interested in proposing research for support will find the publication useful for gauging the scope of the present basic research program and it`s relationship to their interests. Proposals that expand this scope may also be considered or directed to more appropriate offices. The primary goal of the research summarized here is to add significantly to the knowledge base in which existing and future efficient and safe energy technologies can evolve. As a result, scientific excellence is a major criterion applied in the selection of research supported by the Division of Chemical Sciences, but another important consideration is emphasis on science that is advancing in ways that will produce new information related to energy.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

The UTPB computer science research lab: running on student power  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The University of Texas of the Permian Basin (UTPB) is a small university of approximately 3,300 students. The Computer Science Research Lab at UTPB was founded by a federal grant from the Air Force Office of Scientific Research and consists of both ... Keywords: academic system setup and maintenance, lab management

Cherry Owen; Doug Hale; Ilhyun Lee; Haesun Lee

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Published Research 2012 | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 2 Most publications are in Adobe Portable Document Format. Download Adobe Reader. For more information about any of these publications, please contact the Neutrons Sciences Communications Office. Primary Author Index: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A Abdou A., Wendel M., Riemer B., Volpenheini E., Brewster R., "Two-phase flow simulations of protective gas layer for Spallation Neutron Source target", ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition 2011. Abernathy D. L., Stone M. B., Loguillo M. J., Lucas M. S., Delaire O., Tang X., Lin J. Y.Y., Fultz B., "Design and operation of the wide angular-range chopper spectrometer ARCS at the Spallation Neutron Source", Review of Scientific Instruments 83, 15114. Aczel A. A., Granroth G. E., MacDougall G. J., Buyers W. J.L.,

172

Published Research 2006 | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 6 Most publications are in Adobe Portable Document Format. Download Adobe Reader. For more information about any of these publications, please contact the Neutrons Sciences Communications Office. Primary Author Index: B C E F G H I J K L M N O P R S T W X Y B E. D. Bauer, A. D. Christianson, J. S. Gardner, V. A. Sidorov, J. D. Thompson, J. L. Sarrao, and M. F. Hundley, "Physical properties of the ferromagnetic heavy-fermion compound UIr2Zn20," Physical Review B 74, (Oct 2006). B. Bennett, P. Langan, L. Coates, M. Mustyakimov, B. Schoenborn, E.E. Howell, C. Dealwis, "Neutron diffraction studies of Escherichia coli dihydrofolate reductase complexed with methotrexate," PNAS of the United States of America 103(49), pp. 18493-8 (5 Dec. 2006). M. L. Benson, P. K. Liaw, H. Choo, T. A. Saleh, D. W. Brown, M. R.

173

Published Research 2007 | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 7 Most publications are in Adobe Portable Document Format. Download Adobe Reader. For more information about any of these publications, please contact the Neutrons Sciences Communications Office. Primary Author Index: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P R S T U V W X Y Z A R. Alarcon, "Fundamental physics with cold and ultracold neutrons," Revista Mexicana De Fisica 53, 125-127 (February 2007). Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Newsline, "RIT Targeting of HIV-Infected Cells," Journal of Nuclear Medicine 48 (1), 14N (2007). A. Aleksandrov, C. Deibele, and T. Roseberry, "New Design of the SNS MEBT Chopper Deflector," Proc. of the 2007 Particle Accelerator Conference, 1817-1819, Albuquerque, New Mexico, June 25-29, 2007. A. Aleksandrov, S. Assadi, W. Blokland, P. Chu, S. Cousineau, V.

174

Published Research 2011 | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 1 Most publications are in Adobe Portable Document Format. Download Adobe Reader. For more information about any of these publications, please contact the Neutrons Sciences Communications Office. Primary Author Index: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A Abdou A., Wendel M., Riemer B., Volpenhein E., Brewster R., "Two-phase flow simulations of protective gas layer for Spallation Neutron Source target", Proceedings of the ASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition, IMECE2011-64346. Abdulbaki M. K., "Nanoparticle effects on polymer crystallization and dynamics", University of Houston. Abell D. T., Bruhwiler D. L., Choi Y., Mahalingam S., Stoltz P., Han B., Stock M. P., "Simulation of H- beam chopping in a solenoid-based

175

Published Research 2009 | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9 9 Most publications are in Adobe Portable Document Format. Download Adobe Reader. For more information about any of these publications, please contact the Neutrons Sciences Communications Office. Primary Author Index: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A Abdou A., Wendel M., Felde D., Riemer B., "CFD validation of gas injection in flowing mercury over vertical smooth and grooved wall", Proceedings of the ASME Fluids Engineering Division Summer Conference 2009. Agamalian M., Carpenter J. M., Richardson J. W., "Validity of the Darwin and Ewald reflectivity functions in the range of the far wings: neutron diffraction study", Physics Letters A 373, 292-295. Alfonsov A., Vavilova E., Kataev V., Buchner B., Podlesnyak A., Russina M., Furrer A., Strassle Th., Pomjakushina E., Conder K., Khomskii

176

Researcher, Los Alamos National Laboratory - Space Science and Applications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science and Applications Science and Applications Group | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > About Us > Who We Are > In The Spotlight > Joaquin Birn Researcher, Los Alamos National Laboratory - Space Science and Applications Group Joaquin Birn Joaquin Birn Role: Researcher, Los Alamos National Laboratory - Space Science and

177

UK Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council Jump to: navigation, search Name UK Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council Place London, United Kingdom Coordinates 51.5001524°, -0.1262362° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":51.5001524,"lon":-0.1262362,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

178

DOE Science Showcase - Carbon Capture research in DOE Databases | OSTI,  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

DOE Science Showcase - Carbon Capture research in DOE Databases DOE Science Showcase - Carbon Capture research in DOE Databases Information Bridge : Natural materials for carbon capture. ... Realistic costs of carbon capture ... Technology and international climate policy Energy Citations Database : What Can China Do? China's Best Alternative Outcome for Energy Efficiency and CO2 Emissions ... Effects of warming on the structure and function of a boreal black spruce forest ... ScienceCinema : Carbon Smackdown ... Extrapolate the Past or Invent the Future ... Two Billion Cars: What it means for Climate and Energy Policy ... DOE Data Explorer : Big Sky Carbon Atlas... NATCARB Interactive Maps ... Videos of experiments from ORNL's Gas Hydrate Research DOE Green Energy : Thinking Like a Whole Building: A Whole Foods Market New Construction Case

179

Neutrino Research Supported by the DOE Office of Science  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research Supported by the DOE Office of Science Research Supported by the DOE Office of Science Raymond Davis Jr., a chemist at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory, will be awarded a quarter share of the 2002 Nobel Prize in Physics for detecting solar neutrinos, ghostlike particles produced in nuclear reactions that power the sun. Davis shares the prize with Masatoshi Koshiba of Japan, and Riccardo Giaconni of the U.S. Ray Davis Jr. Ray Davis Jr. December 10, 2002-The award of a share of the 2002 Nobel Prize for Physics to Ray Davis Jr. on December 10 for "the detection of cosmic neutrinos" culminates a remarkable program of research supported by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and its predecessor agencies, beginning with the Atomic Energy Commission in 1947. The DOE's Office of Science is

180

Summaries of FY 1979 research in the chemical sciences  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report is to help those interested in research supported by the Department of Energy's Division of Chemical Sciences, which is one of six Divisions of the Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the Office of Energy Research. Chemists, physicists, chemical engineers and others who are considering the possibility of proposing research for support by this Division wll find the booklet useful for gauging the scope of the program in basic research, and the relationship of their interests to the overall program. These smmaries are intended to provide a rapid means for becoming acquainted with the Chemical Sciences program for members of the scientific and technological public, and interested persons in the Legislative and Executive Branches of the Government, in order to indicate the areas of research supported by the Division and energy technologies which may be advanced by use of basic knowledge discovered in this program. Scientific excellence is a major criterion applied in the selection of research supported by Chemical Sciences. Another important consideration is the identifying of chemical, physical and chemical engineering subdisciplines which are advancing in ways which produce new information related to energy, needed data, or new ideas.

Not Available

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanoscale science research" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Los Alamos scientists detect and track single molecules with nanoscale  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nanotube "glowsticks" transform surface science tool kit Nanotube "glowsticks" transform surface science tool kit Los Alamos scientists detect and track single molecules with nanoscale carbon cylinders Researchers have now shown that semiconducting carbon nanotubes have the potential to detect and track single molecules in water. January 10, 2012 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy

182

ARM Climate Research Facility | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research » Climate and Research » Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD) » ARM Climate Research Facility Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Research Abstracts Searchable Archive of BER Highlights External link Biological Systems Science Division (BSSD) Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD) ARM Climate Research Facility Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Program Data Management Earth System Modeling (ESM) Program William R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) Integrated Assessment of Global Climate Change Regional & Global Climate Modeling (RGCM) Program Subsurface Biogeochemical Research Terrestrial Carbon Sequestration External link Terrestrial Ecosystem Science Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of BER

183

Interfacial and Nanscale Science Facility  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

INSF Overview INSF Overview Section 2-5-1 Interfacial and Nanoscale Science Facility The Interfacial & Nanoscale Science (I&NS) Facility is a world-class resource for scientific expertise and instrumentation focused on the study of interfacial phenomena and nanoscience and technology. This section summarizes the capabilities available in the I&NS Facility, along with research programs associated with facility users. Activities in the I&NS Facility address national needs in environmental restoration, waste management, pollution prevention, energy, and national security through research that specializes in preparation, characterization, interactions, and reactivity of interfaces and nanoscale materials. The range of scientific expertise and instrumentation within the I&NS Facility provides a unique envi-

184

Materials Science Programs and Projects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Materials Science Programs & Projects. ... In this project we measure the fundamental electrical properties of materials from bulk to nanoscale from ...

2010-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

185

Summaries of FY 1982 research in the chemical sciences  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this booklet is to help those interested in research supported by the Department of Energy's Division of Chemical Sciences, which is one of six Divisions of the Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the Office of Energy Research. These summaries are intended to provide a rapid means for becoming acquainted with the Chemical Sciences program to members of the scientific and technological public and interested persons in the Legislative and Executive Branches of the Government. Areas of research supported by the Division are to be seen in the section headings, the index and the summaries themselves. Energy technologies which may be advanced by use of the basic knowledge discovered in this program can be seen in the index and again (by reference) in the summaries. The table of contents lists the following: photochemical and radiation sciences; chemical physics; atomic physics; chemical energy; separation and analysis; chemical engineering sciences; offsite contracts; equipment funds; special facilities; topical index; institutional index for offsite contracts; investigator index.

None

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

NREL: Biomass Research - Chemical and Catalyst Science Capabilities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chemical and Catalyst Science Capabilities Chemical and Catalyst Science Capabilities A photo of a man in a white lab coat and dark goggles looking at a microscope. A bright green light shines down from the microscope lens and illuminates a round glass tray containing small white beads. The Laser Raman Spectrometer is used to obtain phase and structural identification information for catalysts used in the thermochemical conversion process. NREL researchers use chemical and catalyst science to assess and improve biochemical and thermochemical conversion throughout the processes, from analyzing feedstocks to improving the yield of desired end products. Catalyst Science Syngas produced during gasification contains tars that are contaminants, but these tars can be reformed to more syngas using tar-reforming

187

Project definition study for research facility access and science education  

SciTech Connect

This UTA/SMU project definition study describes critical customer services and research programs which draw upon SSC assets to meet regional needs in two major components: Science Education; Academic/Small Business R and D Facility Access. The location of the SSC in Texas constituted a significant stimulus to R and D activities in Texas, encouraging new initiatives in high energy physics, as well as stimulating other areas of physics and related sciences. An important aspect of maximizing the utility of the investment in the SSC should be to re-allocate SSC assets in ways that maintain that momentum. This study addresses several ways to achieve that end, extending benefits to all of physics, the sciences in general and particularly, to science education.

Rosen, S.P. [Univ. of Texas, Arlington, TX (United States). Coll. of Science; Teplitz, V.L. [Southern Methodist Univ., Dallas, TX (United States). Physics Dept.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Berkeley Lab Scientific Programs: Biological Sciences for Energy Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biological Sciences for Energy Research Biological Sciences for Energy Research Biosci image Arabidopsis plants in the growth room at the Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI) Biomass encompasses all plant or vegetative materials and represents a vast repository of solar energy that was captured and stored in plant sugars via photosynthesis. Extracting and fermenting plant sugars into advanced biofuels that can replace gasoline on a gallon-for-gallon basis has the potential to far exceed today's entire global production of oil. Berkeley Lab researchers are working towards this goal via three major efforts - the Joint BioEnergy Institute, the Joint Genome Institute, and the Energy Biosciences Institute. The Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI) JBEI is one of the three U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Bioenergy Research

189

Student Science Research Associates (SSRA) 1996 Research Journal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The following student projects are reported: SSRA water research projects, various effects on polliwogs` growth and development, effects of Willow Park Golf Course on nitrate and phosphate levels in San Leandro Creek, water quality evaluation using color infrared photography, biochemical analysis of aquatic insects, effects of miracid/calcium chloride/liquid plant food on stringless bush beans, effects of vegetable oil on bean growth, effect of river water on lima beans, effect of storm water runoff on pH and phosphate levels of Dry Creek, acid rain in Modesto, use of random amplified polymorphic DNA to study Egeria Densa, and effect of marination on formation of heterocyclic aromatic amines in cooked chicken meat.

Knezovich, J. [ed.

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

PNNL's Community Science & Technology Seminar Series Biomedical Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PNNL's Community Science & Technology Seminar Series Biomedical Research: The Promise of malignant transformation. She is involved in applying proteomics capabilities developed at PNNL to identify information and upcoming seminars, contact PNNL at 375-6871 or visit http://regionaloutreach.pnnl

191

Science Against Stress: Research Shows Way to Some Cellular Relief...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Economy Funding Opportunities State & Local Government Science & Innovation Science & Technology Science Education Innovation Energy Sources Energy Usage Energy Efficiency...

192

The Evolution of Research and Education Networks and their Essential Role in Modern Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Science, Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR)AC02- 05CH11231. Advanced Scientific Computing Research ?Office of Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR).

Chaniotakis, E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Basic Energy Sciences Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BES) Office of Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR)of Science, Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR)Office of Advanced Scientific Computing Research, Facilities

Gerber, Richard

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Fusion Energy Sciences Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Act of 2009 Advanced Scientific Computing Research Courseof Science, Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR)and for Advanced Scientific Computing Research, Facilities

Gerber, Richard

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

DOE Science Showcase - Rare Earth Metal Research from DOE Databases |  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Rare Earth Metal Research from DOE Databases Rare Earth Metal Research from DOE Databases Information Bridge Energy Citations Database Highlighted documents of Rare Earth Metal research in DOE databases Information Bridge - Corrosion-resistant metal surfaces DOE R&D Project Summaries - Structural and magnetic studies on heavy rare earth metals at high pressures using designer diamonds Energy Citations Database - Intermultiplet transitions in rare-earth metals DOE Green Energy - LaNi.sub.5 is-based metal hydride electrode in Ni-MH rechargeable cells Science.gov - H.R.4866 - Rare Earths Supply-Chain Technology and Resources Transformation Act of 2010 WorldWideScience.org - China produces most of the world's rare earth metals DOepatents - Recycling of rare earth metals from rare earth-transition metal alloy scrap by liquid metal extraction

196

Atmospheric Science and Climate Research [EVS Program Area]  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Atmospheric Science and Climate Research Atmospheric Science and Climate Research EVS research, combined with portable, high-performance climate and weather applications, offers a unique look at the complexities of a dynamic planet. In an ever-changing, dynamic climate, we measure, model, and analyze atmospheric processes that are vital to understanding our planet. Our measurement capabilities range from remote sensing and surface meteorology instruments to instrumentation designed to quantify the land-atmosphere exchange of energy, water, and greenhouse gases. Modeling capabilities begin with regional-scale climate, air quality, and aerosol modeling and extend to global chemical transport models, general circulation models of the atmosphere, models of the biosphere, and coupled Earth system models.

197

Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Program | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

» Atmospheric System Research (ASR) » Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Program Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Research Abstracts Searchable Archive of BER Highlights External link Biological Systems Science Division (BSSD) Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD) ARM Climate Research Facility Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Program Data Management Earth System Modeling (ESM) Program William R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) Integrated Assessment of Global Climate Change Regional & Global Climate Modeling (RGCM) Program Subsurface Biogeochemical Research Terrestrial Carbon Sequestration External link Terrestrial Ecosystem Science Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of BER Funding Opportunities Biological & Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC)

198

NREL: Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Research - Biological Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biological Sciences Biological Sciences NREL's biological scientists conduct research on microorganisms-such as photosynthetic bacteria, cyanobacteria, and algae-and are discovering new ways to produce hydrogen and valuable reduced-carbon compounds. We are studying how, through photosynthesis, green algae and cyanobacteria can split water to produce hydrogen, and how, through fermentation, bacteria can produce hydrogen from lignocellulosic biomass feedstocks. Photobiological Water Splitting Image of two green ovals with two yellow strands at the bottom of each oval. Microscopic view of the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Microorganisms, like green algae and cyanobacteria, can produce hydrogen by splitting water through a process called "biophotolysis" or "photobiological hydrogen production." This photosynthetic pathway produces

199

2010 Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Science Team Meeting Summary  

SciTech Connect

This document contains the summaries of papers presented in poster format at the March 2010 Atmospheric System Research Science Team Meeting held in Bethesda, Maryland. More than 260 posters were presented during the Science Team Meeting. Posters were sorted into the following subject areas: aerosol-cloud-radiation interactions, aerosol properties, atmospheric state and surface, cloud properties, field campaigns, infrastructure and outreach, instruments, modeling, and radiation. To put these posters in context, the status of ASR at the time of the meeting is provided here.

Dupont, DL

2011-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

200

NREL: Biomass Research - Chemical and Catalyst Science Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chemical and Catalyst Science Projects Chemical and Catalyst Science Projects A photo of a large white tank the size of a water heater. Several metal fittings stick out of the sides of the tank. Thin tubes are attached to some of the fittings and lead to flow meters and other metal pipes. Researchers use experimental data from this four-inch fluidized bed reactor to develop and validate gasification process models. NREL uses chemical analysis to study biomass-derived products online during the conversion process. Catalysts are used in the thermochemical conversion process to convert tars (a byproduct of gasification) to syngas and to convert syngas to liquid transportation fuels. Among the chemical and catalyst science projects at NREL are: Catalyst Fundamentals NREL is working to develop and understand the performance of catalyst and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanoscale science research" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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201

Subsurface Biogeochemical Research | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Subsurface Biogeochemical Subsurface Biogeochemical Research Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Research Abstracts Searchable Archive of BER Highlights External link Biological Systems Science Division (BSSD) Climate and Environmental Sciences Division (CESD) ARM Climate Research Facility Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Program Data Management Earth System Modeling (ESM) Program William R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) Integrated Assessment of Global Climate Change Regional & Global Climate Modeling (RGCM) Program Subsurface Biogeochemical Research Terrestrial Carbon Sequestration External link Terrestrial Ecosystem Science Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of BER Funding Opportunities Biological & Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC)

202

Earth Sciences Division Research Summaries 2006-2007  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Research in earth and atmospheric sciences has become increasingly important in light of the energy, climate change, and other environmental issues facing the United States and the world. The development of new energy resources other than fossil hydrocarbons, the safe disposal of nuclear waste and greenhouse gases, and a detailed understanding of the climatic consequences of our energy choices are all critical to meeting energy needs while ensuring environmental safety. The cleanup of underground contamination and the preservation and management of water supplies continue to provide challenges, as they will for generations into the future. To address the critical energy and environmental issues requires continuing advances in our knowledge of Earth systems and our ability to translate that knowledge into new technologies. The fundamental Earth science research common to energy and environmental issues largely involves the physics, chemistry, and biology of fluids in and on the Earth. To manage Earth fluids requires the ability to understand their properties and behavior at the most fundamental molecular level, as well as prediction, characterization, imaging, and manipulation of those fluids and their behavior in real Earth reservoirs. The broad range of disciplinary expertise, the huge range of spatial and time scales, and the need to integrate theoretical, computational, laboratory and field research, represent both the challenge and the excitement of Earth science research. The Earth Sciences Division (ESD) of the Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) is committed to addressing the key scientific and technical challenges that are needed to secure our energy future in an environmentally responsibly way. Our staff of over 200 scientists, UC Berkeley faculty, support staff and guests perform world-acclaimed fundamental research in hydrogeology and reservoir engineering, geophysics and geomechanics, geochemistry, microbial ecology, climate systems, and environmental engineering. Building on this scientific foundation, we also perform applied earth science research and technology development to support DOE in a number of its program areas. We currently organize our efforts in the following Division Programs: Fundamental and Exploratory Research--fundamental research in geochemistry, geophysics, and hydrology to provide a basis for new and improved energy and environmental technologies; Climate and Carbon Sciences--carbon cycling in the terrestrial biosphere and oceans, and global and regional climate modeling, are the cornerstones of a major developing divisional research thrust related to understanding and mitigating the effects of increased greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere; Energy Resources--collaborative projects with industry to develop or improve technologies for the exploration and production of oil, gas, and geothermal reservoirs, and for the development of bioenergy; Environmental Remediation and Water Resources--innovative technologies for locating, containing, and remediating metals, radionuclides, chlorinated solvents, and energy-related contaminants in soils and groundwaters; Geologic Carbon Sequestration--development and testing of methods for introducing carbon dioxide to subsurface geologic reservoirs, and predicting and monitoring its subsequent migration; and Nuclear Waste and Energy--theoretical, experimental, and simulation studies of the unsaturated zone at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. These programs draw from each of ESD's disciplinary departments: Climate Science, Ecology, Geochemistry, Geophysics, and Hydrogeology. Short descriptions of these departments are provided as introductory material. In this document, we present summaries of selected current research projects. While it is not a complete accounting, the projects described here are representative of the nature and breadth of the ESD research effort. We are proud of our scientific accomplishments and we hope that you will find this material useful and exciting. A list of publications for the period from J

DePaolo, Donald; DePaolo, Donald

2008-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

203

Basic Research Needs for Advanced Nuclear Systems. Report of the Basic Energy Sciences Workshop on Basic Research Needs for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems, July 31-August 3, 2006  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The global utilization of nuclear energy has come a long way from its humble beginnings in the first sustained nuclear reaction at the University of Chicago in 1942. Today, there are over 440 nuclear reactors in 31 countries producing approximately 16% of the electrical energy used worldwide. In the United States, 104 nuclear reactors currently provide 19% of electrical energy used nationally. The International Atomic Energy Agency projects significant growth in the utilization of nuclear power over the next several decades due to increasing demand for energy and environmental concerns related to emissions from fossil plants. There are 28 new nuclear plants currently under construction including 10 in China, 8 in India, and 4 in Russia. In the United States, there have been notifications to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission of intentions to apply for combined construction and operating licenses for 27 new units over the next decade. The projected growth in nuclear power has focused increasing attention on issues related to the permanent disposal of nuclear waste, the proliferation of nuclear weapons technologies and materials, and the sustainability of a once-through nuclear fuel cycle. In addition, the effective utilization of nuclear power will require continued improvements in nuclear technology, particularly related to safety and efficiency. In all of these areas, the performance of materials and chemical processes under extreme conditions is a limiting factor. The related basic research challenges represent some of the most demanding tests of our fundamental understanding of materials science and chemistry, and they provide significant opportunities for advancing basic science with broad impacts for nuclear reactor materials, fuels, waste forms, and separations techniques. Of particular importance is the role that new nanoscale characterization and computational tools can play in addressing these challenges. These tools, which include DOE synchrotron X-ray sources, neutron sources, nanoscale science research centers, and supercomputers, offer the opportunity to transform and accelerate the fundamental materials and chemical sciences that underpin technology development for advanced nuclear energy systems. The fundamental challenge is to understand and control chemical and physical phenomena in multi-component systems from femto-seconds to millennia, at temperatures to 1000?C, and for radiation doses to hundreds of displacements per atom (dpa). This is a scientific challenge of enormous proportions, with broad implications in the materials science and chemistry of complex systems. New understanding is required for microstructural evolution and phase stability under relevant chemical and physical conditions, chemistry and structural evolution at interfaces, chemical behavior of actinide and fission-product solutions, and nuclear and thermomechanical phenomena in fuels and waste forms. First-principles approaches are needed to describe f-electron systems, design molecules for separations, and explain materials failure mechanisms. Nanoscale synthesis and characterization methods are needed to understand and design materials and interfaces with radiation, temperature, and corrosion resistance. Dynamical measurements are required to understand fundamental physical and chemical phenomena. New multiscale approaches are needed to integrate this knowledge into accurate models of relevant phenomena and complex systems across multiple length and time scales.

Roberto, J.; Diaz de la Rubia, T.; Gibala, R.; Zinkle, S.; Miller, J.R.; Pimblott, S.; Burns, C.; Raymond, K.; Grimes, R.; Pasamehmetoglu, K.; Clark, S.; Ewing, R.; Wagner, A.; Yip, S.; Buchanan, M.; Crabtree, G.; Hemminger, J.; Poate, J.; Miller, J.C.; Edelstein, N.; Fitzsimmons, T.; Gruzalski, G.; Michaels, G.; Morss, L.; Peters, M.; Talamini, K.

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Earth Sciences Division Research Summaries 2002-2003  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Research in earth and atmospheric sciences is becoming increasingly important in light of the energy, climate change, and environmental issues facing the United States and the world. The development of new energy resources other than hydrocarbons and the safe disposal of nuclear waste and greenhouse gases (such as carbon dioxide and methane) are critical to the future energy needs and environmental safety of this planet. In addition, the cleanup of many contaminated sites in the U.S., along with the preservation and management of our water supply, remain key challenges for us as well as future generations. Addressing these energy, climate change, and environmental issues requires the timely integration of earth sciences' disciplines (such as geology, hydrology, oceanography, climatology, geophysics, geochemistry, geomechanics, ecology, and environmental sciences). This integration will involve focusing on fundamental crosscutting concerns that are common to many of these issues. A primary focus will be the characterization, imaging, and manipulation of fluids in the earth. Such capabilities are critical to many DOE applications, from environmental restoration to energy extraction and optimization. The Earth Sciences Division (ESD) of the Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) is currently addressing many of the key technical issues described above. In this document, we present summaries of many of our current research projects. While it is not a complete accounting, it is representative of the nature and breadth of our research effort. We are proud of our scientific efforts, and we hope that you will find our research useful and exciting. Any comments on our research are appreciated and can be sent to me personally. This report is divided into five sections that correspond to the major research programs in the Earth Sciences Division: (1) Fundamental and Exploratory Research; (2) Nuclear Waste; (3) Energy Resources; (4) Environmental Remediation Technology; and (5) Climate Variability and Carbon Management. These programs draw from each of ESD's disciplinary departments: Microbial Ecology and Environmental Engineering, Geophysics and Geomechanics, Geochemistry, and Hydrogeology and Reservoir Dynamics. Short descriptions of these departments are provided as introductory material. A list of publications for the period from January 2002 to June 2003, along with a listing of our personnel, are appended to the end of this report.

Bodvarsson, G.S.

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Computer Science Research Institute 2005 annual report of activities.  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the activities of the Computer Science Research Institute (CSRI) at Sandia National Laboratories during the period January 1, 2005 to December 31, 2005. During this period, the CSRI hosted 182 visitors representing 83 universities, companies and laboratories. Of these, 60 were summer students or faculty. The CSRI partially sponsored 2 workshops and also organized and was the primary host for 3 workshops. These 3 CSRI sponsored workshops had 105 participants, 78 from universities, companies and laboratories, and 27 from Sandia. Finally, the CSRI sponsored 12 long-term collaborative research projects and 3 Sabbaticals.

Watts, Bernadette M.; Collis, Samuel Scott; Ceballos, Deanna Rose; Womble, David Eugene

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Computer Science Research Institute 2004 annual report of activities.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report summarizes the activities of the Computer Science Research Institute (CSRI) at Sandia National Laboratories during the period January 1, 2004 to December 31, 2004. During this period the CSRI hosted 166 visitors representing 81 universities, companies and laboratories. Of these 65 were summer students or faculty. The CSRI partially sponsored 2 workshops and also organized and was the primary host for 4 workshops. These 4 CSRI sponsored workshops had 140 participants--74 from universities, companies and laboratories, and 66 from Sandia. Finally, the CSRI sponsored 14 long-term collaborative research projects and 5 Sabbaticals.

DeLap, Barbara J.; Womble, David Eugene; Ceballos, Deanna Rose

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Computer Science Research Institute 2003 annual report of activities.  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the activities of the Computer Science Research Institute (CSRI) at Sandia National Laboratories during the period January 1, 2003 to December 31, 2003. During this period the CSRI hosted 164 visitors representing 78 universities, companies and laboratories. Of these 78 were summer students or faculty members. The CSRI partially sponsored 5 workshops and also organized and was the primary host for 3 workshops. These 3 CSRI sponsored workshops had 178 participants--137 from universities, companies and laboratories, and 41 from Sandia. Finally, the CSRI sponsored 18 long-term collaborative research projects and 5 Sabbaticals.

DeLap, Barbara J.; Womble, David Eugene; Ceballos, Deanna Rose

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Atmospheric Sciences Program summaries of research in FY 1993  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the activities and products of the Atmospheric Science Program of the Environmental Sciences Division, Office of Health and Environmental Research, Office of Energy Research, in FY 1993. Each description contains the project`s title; three-year funding history; the contract period over which the funding applies; the name(s) of the principal investigator(s); the institution(s) conducting the projects; and the project`s objectives, products, approach, and results to date. Project descriptions are categorized within the report according to program areas: atmospheric chemistry, atmospheric dynamics, and support operations. Within these categories, the descriptions are ordered alphabetically by principal investigator. Each program area is preceded by a brief text that defines the program area, states its goals and objectives, lists principal research questions, and identifies program managers. Appendixes provide the addresses and telephone numbers of the principal investigators and define the acronyms used. This document has been indexed to aid the reader in locating research topics, participants, and research institutions in the text and the project descriptions. Comprehensive subject, principal investigator, and institution indexes are provided at the end of the text for this purpose. The comprehensive subject index includes keywords from the introduction and chapter texts in addition to those from the project descriptions.

Not Available

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

ScienceLive chat page: on the future of fusion research | Princeton...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ScienceLive chat page: on the future of fusion research American Fusion News Category: U.S. Universities Link: ScienceLive chat page: on the future of fusion research...

210

Earth Sciences Division Research Summaries 2006-2007  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by the Director, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energyby the Director, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energyby the Director, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy

DePaolo, Donald

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Nanoscale Center Dedication | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nanoscale Center Dedication Nanoscale Center Dedication Nanoscale Center Dedication May 6, 2005 - 12:44pm Addthis Remarks by Energy Secretary Samuel Bodman Thank you, Bob [Rosner] for that introduction. And let me also thank you, along with [University of Chicago] President Randel, for the leadership you are showing here. Argonne has long been a world class institution. It will soar to new heights under your joint direction. I also want to acknowledge Illinois Governor Rod Blagojevich. Thank you for being here. More than that, thank you for your strong backing of Argonne and its employees. Congresswoman Judy Biggert, who chairs the Science Subcommittee on Energy, is also a good friend to this lab, and we value her support as well. I took over as Secretary of Energy three months ago, and I have to say this

212

Nanoscale Center Dedication | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nanoscale Center Dedication Nanoscale Center Dedication Nanoscale Center Dedication May 6, 2005 - 12:44pm Addthis Remarks by Energy Secretary Samuel Bodman Thank you, Bob [Rosner] for that introduction. And let me also thank you, along with [University of Chicago] President Randel, for the leadership you are showing here. Argonne has long been a world class institution. It will soar to new heights under your joint direction. I also want to acknowledge Illinois Governor Rod Blagojevich. Thank you for being here. More than that, thank you for your strong backing of Argonne and its employees. Congresswoman Judy Biggert, who chairs the Science Subcommittee on Energy, is also a good friend to this lab, and we value her support as well. I took over as Secretary of Energy three months ago, and I have to say this

213

The Center for Computational Sciences DOE High Performance Computing Research Center at Oak Ridge National Laboratory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 The Center for Computational Sciences DOE High Performance Computing Research Center at Oak Ridge Sciences DOE High Performance Computing Research Center at Oak Ridge National Laboratory Outline · CCS for Computational Sciences DOE High Performance Computing Research Center at Oak Ridge National Laboratory CCS

214

Publications from Research Conducted at SNAP | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Publications from Research Conducted at SNAP Publications from Research Conducted at SNAP 2013 Publications Boehler R., Guthrie M., Molaison J.J., dos Santos A. M., Sinogeikin S., Machida S., Pradhan N., Tulk C. A., "Large-volume diamond cells for neutron diffraction above 90 GPa", High Pressure Research 33, 546-554 (2013). Guthrie M., Boehler R., Tulk C. A., Molaison J. J., dos Santos A. M., Li K., Hemley R. J., "Neutron diffraction observations of interstitial protons in dense ice", Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 110, 10552-10556 (2013). Hirai S., dos Santos A. M., Shapiro M. C., Molaison J. J., Pradhan N., Guthrie M., Tulk C. A., Fisher I. R., Mao W. L., "Giant atomic displacement at a magnetic phase transition in metastable Mn3O4", Physical

215

2004 research briefs :Materials and Process Sciences Center.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is the latest in a continuing series that highlights the recent technical accomplishments associated with the work being performed within the Materials and Process Sciences Center. Our research and development activities primarily address the materials-engineering needs of Sandia's Nuclear-Weapons (NW) program. In addition, we have significant efforts that support programs managed by the other laboratory business units. Our wide range of activities occurs within six thematic areas: Materials Aging and Reliability, Scientifically Engineered Materials, Materials Processing, Materials Characterization, Materials for Microsystems, and Materials Modeling and Simulation. We believe these highlights collectively demonstrate the importance that a strong materials-science base has on the ultimate success of the NW program and the overall DOE technology portfolio.

Cieslak, Michael J.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Basic science research to support the nuclear material focus area  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy's (DOE'S) Office of Environmental Management (EM) is responsible for managing more than 760,000 metric tons of nuclear material that is excess to the current DOE weapons program, as a result of shutdown of elements of the weapons program, mainly during the 1990s. EMowned excess nuclear material comprises a variety of material types, including uranium, plutonium, other actinides and other radioactive elements in numerous forms, all of which must be stabilized for storage and ultimate disposition. Much of this quantity has been in storage for many years. Shutdown of DOE sites and facilities requires removal of nuclear material and consolidation at other sites, and may be delayed by the lack of available technology. Within EM, the Office of Science and Technology (OST) is dedicated to providing timely, relevant technology to accelerate completion and reduce cleanup cost of the DOE environmental legacy. OST is organized around five focus areas, addressing crucial areas of end-user-defined technology need. The Focus Areas regularly identify potential technical solutions for which basic scientific research is needed to determine if the technical solution can be developed and deployed. To achieve a portfolio of projects that is balanced between near-term priorities driven by programmatic risks (such as site closure milestones) and long-term, high-consequence needs that depend on extensive research and development, OST has established the Environmental Management Science Program (EMSP) to develop the scientific basis for solutions to long-term site needs. The EMSP directs calls for proposals to address scientific needs of the focus areas. Needs are identified and validated annually by individual sites in workshops conducted across the complex. The process captures scope and schedule requirements of the sites, so that focus areas can identify technology that can be delivered to sites in time to complete site cleanup. The Nuclear Material Focus Area (NMFA) has identified over two hundred science and technology needs, of which more than thirty are science needs.

Boak, J. M. (Jeremy M.); Eller, P. Gary; Chipman, N. A.; Castle, P. M.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Basic Science Research to Support the Nuclear Materials Focus Area  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy's (DOE's) Office of Environmental Management (EM) is responsible for managing more than 760,000 metric tons of nuclear material that is excess to the current DOE weapons program, as a result of shutdown of elements of the weapons program, mainly during the 1990s. EMowned excess nuclear material comprises a variety of material types, including uranium, plutonium, other actinides and other radioactive elements in numerous forms, all of which must be stabilized for storage and ultimate disposition. Much of this quantity has been in storage for many years. Shutdown of DOE sites and facilities requires removal of nuclear material and consolidation at other sites, and may be delayed by the lack of available technology. Within EM, the Office of Science and Technology (OST) is dedicated to providing timely, relevant technology to accelerate completion and reduce cleanup cost of the DOE environmental legacy. OST is organized around five focus areas, addressing crucial areas of end-user-defined technology need. The Focus Areas regularly identify potential technical solutions for which basic scientific research is needed to determine if the technical solution can be developed and deployed. To achieve a portfolio of projects that is balanced between near-term priorities driven by programmatic risks (such as site closure milestones) and long-term, high-consequence needs that depend on extensive research and development, OST has established the Environmental Management Science Program (EMSP) to develop the scientific basis for solutions to long-term site needs. The EMSP directs calls for proposals to address scientific needs of the focus areas. Needs are identified and validated annually by individual sites in workshops conducted across the complex. The process captures scope and schedule requirements of the sites, so that focus areas can identify technology that can be delivered to sites in time to complete site cleanup. The Nuclear Material Focus Area (NMFA) has identified over two hundred science and technology needs, of which more than thirty are science needs.

Chipman, N. A.; Castle, P. M.; Boak, J. M.; Eller, P. G.

2002-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

218

Publications from Research Conducted at IMAGING | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Publications from Research Conducted at IMAGING Publications from Research Conducted at IMAGING 2013 Publications Barnett A. K., Cox M. N., Crow L., Diawara Y., Funk L. L., Hayward Jason P., Menhard K., Sedov V. N., "A high count rate neutron beam monitor for neutron scattering facilities", IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science 60, 668-670 (2013). Bingham P., Polsky Y., Anovitz L., "Neutron imaging for geothermal energy systems", Proceedings of the SPIE 8661, 86610K (2013). Kang M., "Hydraulic properties of variably-saturated porous media determined using quantitative neutron radiography", University of Tennessee , (2013). Kang M., Bilheux H. Z., Voisin S., Cheng C. L., Perfect E., Horita J., Warren J. M., "Water calibration measurements for neutron radiography: application to water content quantification in porous media", Nuclear

219

Research Areas, Condensed Matter Physics & Materials Science Department,  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Areas Areas Studies of Nanoscale Structure and Structural Defects in Advanced Materials: The goal of this program is to study property sensitive structural defects in technologically-important materials such as superconductors, magnets, and other functional materials at nanoscale. Advanced quantitative electron microscopy techniques, such as coherent diffraction, atomic imaging, spectroscopy, and phase retrieval methods including electron holography are developed and employed to study material behaviors. Computer simulations and theoretical modeling are carried out to aid the interpretation of experimental data. Electron Spectroscopy Group's primary focus is on the electronic structure and dynamics of condensed matter systems. The group carries out studies on a range materials including strongly correlated systems and thin metallic films. A special emphasis is placed on studies of high-Tc superconductors and related materials.

220

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS User Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nanoscale Measurements of Glass Transition Temperature and Nanoscale Measurements of Glass Transition Temperature and Temperature-Dependent Mechanical Properties in Polymers M.P. Nikiforov, S. Jesse, L.T. Germinario (CNMS user, Eastman Chemical Co.), and S.V. Kalinin Achievement We report a novel method for local measurements of glass transition temperatures and the temperature dependence of elastic and loss moduli of polymeric materials. The combination of Anasys Instruments' heated tip technology, ORNL-developed band excitation scanning probe microscopy, and a "freeze-in" thermal profile technique allows quantitative thermomechanical measurements at high spatial resolution on the order of ~100 nm. Here, we developed an experimental approach for local thermomechanical probing that reproducibly tracks changes in the mechanical properties of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanoscale science research" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

July 31,2008 Dear members of the U.S. fusion energy sciences research community  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

July 31,2008 Dear members of the U.S. fusion energy sciences research community: I will be leaving for Science Programs, Office of Science, U.S. Department of Energy (patricia -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Dr. Raymond J. Fonck, Associate Director Office of Fusion Energy Sciences, U.S. Department Of Energy

222

Center for Science and Technology Policy Research Briefing #6, 26 January 2007  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. (available February 28, 2007) The Honest Broker: Making Sense of Science in Policy and Politics by R of science policy: reconciling supply of and demand for science by D. Sarewitz and R. A. Pielke, JrCenter for Science and Technology Policy Research Briefing #6, 26 January 2007 In 2006, we launched

Colorado at Boulder, University of

223

Minority student involvement in computational science research at Texas Southern University  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is an extreme shortage of minority students entering STEM fields in general, and computational science in particular. Therefore, a large segment of the national population has potential for contributions to science and research, but this potential ... Keywords: HBCU, HPC, computational science, high-performance computing, minorities in science education

M. Farrukh Khan; Daniel Vrinceanu; Kiran Chillakamarri; C. J. Tymczak

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

DOE Science Showcase - Carbon Capture research in DOE Databases...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Sciences Division, DOE Office of Science DOE Key R&D Programs and Initiatives, DOE DOE Fossil Energy Techline, DOE What is carbon sequestration? NETL 2010 Carbon Sequestration...

225

Final version published as, Cobern, Wm. W. (1996). Constructivism and Non-Western Science Education Research. International Journal of Science Education, 4(3): 287-302.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Final version published as, Cobern, Wm. W. (1996). Constructivism and Non-Western Science Education Research. International Journal of Science Education, 4(3): 287-302. Constructivism and Non-Western Science Education Research Abstract In this paper, I argue that science education research and curriculum

Cobern, William W.

226

Nanoelectronics and Nanoscale Electronics Portal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... illustration showing how researhcers watched nanosize batteries with TEM Nanopower: Avoiding Electrolyte Failure in Nanoscale Lithium Batteries. ...

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

227

Supporting Advanced Scientific Computing Research Basic Energy Sciences Biological  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Large-Scale Science: DOE's ESnet William E. Johnston ESnet Manager and Senior Scientist, DOE Lawrence approach and architecture for DOE's Energy Sciences Network (ESnet), which is the network that serves all community. 1 ESnet's Role in the DOE Office of Science "The Office of Science of the US Dept. of Energy

228

Using interdisciplinary bioinformatics undergraduate research to recruit and retain computer science students  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An interdisciplinary undergraduate research project in bioinformatics, jointly mentored by faculty in computer science and biology, has been developed and is being used to provide top-quality instruction to biology and computer science students. This ... Keywords: bioinformatics, interdisciplinary research, undergraduate research, women in CS

Jon Beck; Brent Buckner; Olga Nikolova

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

A Probabilistic-Based Design Methodology for Nanoscale Computation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As current silicon-based techniques fast approach their practicallimits, the investigation of nanoscale electronics, devices andsystem architectures becomes a central research priority. It is expectedthat nanoarchitectures will confront devices and interconnectionswith ...

R. Iris Bahar; Joseph Mundy; Jie Chen

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Planning Bill Nye The Science Guy's Climate Research Lab at Chabot Space  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Planning Bill Nye The Science Guy's Climate Research Lab at Chabot Space Planning Bill Nye The Science Guy's Climate Research Lab at Chabot Space and Science Center Speaker(s): Andrew Anway David Bloom Date: September 24, 2008 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3075 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Allan Chen Sometime in 2009, the Chabot Space and Science Center hopes to debut a new museum exhibition tentatively titled Bill Nye The Science Guy's Climate Research Lab, subtitle, Mission Possible: Reduce the CO2. The interactive show is anchored by science educator Bill Nye the Science Guy, is aimed towards children and families. It will explain the basic science behind climate change, and its potential effects on humans and the rest of the biosphere, while exploring some ways of reducing greenhouse gas emissions, both what we can do now, and advanced technologies that may someday play a

231

Data-intensive e-science frontier research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Large-scale e-science, including high-energy and nuclear physics, biomedical informatics, and Earth science, depend on an increasingly integrated, distributed cyberinfrastructure serving virtual organizations on a global scale.

Harvey B. Newman; Mark H. Ellisman; John A. Orcutt

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

NIST's New Science and Engineering Research Tool DLMF  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... which made great advances in standardization ... problems encountered in science and engineering ... Applied and Computational Mathematics Division ...

2011-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

233

Earth Sciences Division Research Summaries 2006-2007  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

t ron user facilities (ALS, NSLS, and SSRL). By frequentNational Science Foundation NSLSNational Synchrotron Light

DePaolo, Donald

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Energy Research Group Homepage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy Research Group. Welcome. The newest Group in the CNST develops instruments designed to reveal the nanoscale ...

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

235

A Community Hydrometeorology Laboratory for Fostering Collaborative Research by the Atmospheric and Hydrologic Sciences  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new community laboratory for fostering collaborative research between the atmospheric and hydrologic sciences communities is described. This facility, located at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) in Boulder, Colorado, allows ...

Thomas T. Warner; David N. Yates; George H. Leavesley

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Argonne CNM: Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research Research The Center for Nanoscale Materials is pursuing world-leading research programs in six major areas. These programs exploit the unique electronic, magnetic, structural, chemical, and optical properties of individual nanostructures and their ordered arrays. The CNM also works with its partner user facilities at Argonne, the Electron Microscopy Center and the Advanced Photon Source, to provide access to world-leading characterization methods. As a principle component of its mission, the center capitalizes on the brilliance of the Advanced Photon Source for a hard X-ray nanoprobe beamline. The capabilities and focus of the CNM complements those of the other U.S. Department of Energy Nanoscale Science Research Centers. Electronic & Magnetic Materials & Devices

237

MIT Plasma Science & Fusion left: research>alctor>meetings scheduled  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plasma Science and Fusion Center Massachusetts Institute of Technology Upcoming Meetings Workshops, conferences, meetings will be announced on this page as information becomes...

238

Earth Sciences Division Research Summaries 2006-2007  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Brookhaven National Laboratory BTCbreakthrough curve(s) BUDBerkeley Unexploded-ordnance Discriminator BWCBerkeley Water Center Earth Sciences Division Berkeley Lab

DePaolo, Donald

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Earth Sciences Division Research Summaries 2002-2003  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

logo Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Earth Sciences Division Questions & Comments | Privacy & Security Notice You are using IE6. Older browsers present a security risk to...

240

ASCR Research | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

It focuses on end-to-end of high-performance, high-capacity, and middleware network technologies needed to provide secure access to distributed science facilities,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanoscale science research" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS User Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

D. Ryckman, Marco Liscidini, J. E. Sipe, and S. M. Weiss Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee...

242

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

D. Ryckman, Marco Liscidini, J. E. Sipe, and S. M. Weiss Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee...

243

Feature - Argonne researcher featured at Museum of Science and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

seeks solutions to pressing national problems in science and technology. The nation's first national laboratory, Argonne conducts leading-edge basic and applied scientific...

244

Research Universities: Core of the US Science and Technology System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tuzin, Equilibrium in the Research University, Change,for Postwar Scientific Research. July 1945. Reprinted ingraduate programs. CSHE Research & Occasional Paper Series

Atkinson, Richard

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Find and share global research with new tools at WorldWideScience.org |  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Find and share global research with new tools at WorldWideScience.org Find and share global research with new tools at WorldWideScience.org NEWS MEDIA CONTACT: Cathey Daniels, (865) 576-9539 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Friday, June 26, 2009 Find and share global research with new tools at WorldWideScience.org You can now quickly hone your research results list to the documents you need and then share them via social networking sites using the new features at WorldWideScience.org. This free online science gateway to global databases now offers clustering of results by publication and author, as well as by topic and date. This enhancement allows you to quickly narrow a results list from the databases of approximately 60 countries to the research you are seeking. Using a quick share tool, you can add your results to social networking

246

DOE Science Showcase - Computing Research | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Computing Research Computing Research For the growing number of problems where experiments are impossible, dangerous, or inordinately costly, exascale computing will enable the solution of vastly more accurate predictive models and the analysis of massive quantities of data, producing advances in areas of science and technology that are essential to DOE and Office of Science missions and, in the hands of the private sector, drive U.S. competitiveness. Courtesy of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Courtesy of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Computational Research in DOE Databases Energy Citations Database DOE Data Explorer Science.gov WorldWideScience.gov More information DOE Office of Science Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) ASCR Research ASCR Facilities

247

Research & Evaluation Prototypes (REP) | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Research & Research & Evaluation Prototypes (REP) Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) ASCR Home About Research Facilities Accessing ASCR Supercomputers Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility (OLCF) Argonne Leadership Computing Facility (ALCF) National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) Research & Evaluation Prototypes (REP) Innovative & Novel Computational Impact on Theory and Experiment (INCITE) ASCR Leadership Computing Challenge (ALCC) Science Highlights Benefits of ASCR Funding Opportunities Advanced Scientific Computing Advisory Committee (ASCAC) News & Resources Contact Information Advanced Scientific Computing Research U.S. Department of Energy SC-21/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-7486 F: (301)

248

Supporting Advanced Scientific Computing Research Basic Energy Sciences Biological  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Networking for the Future of Science ESnet Status Update William E. Johnston ESnet Department Head and Senior Scientist wej@es.net, www.es.net This talk is available at www.es.net/ESnet4 Energy, 2008 (Aloha!) #12;2 DOE Office of Science and ESnet ­ the ESnet Mission · ESnet's primary mission

249

The Development of New User REsearch Capabilities in Environmental Molecular Science  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0654 0654 PNNL-16054 1 The Development of New User Research Capabilities in Environmental Molecular Science: Workshop Report Held August 1-2, 2006 W.R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory Richland, WA Executive Summary On August 1, and 2, 2006, 104 scientists representing 40 institutions including 24 Universities and 5 National Laboratories gathered at the W.R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory, a National scientific user facility, to outline important science challenges for the next decade and identify major capabilities needed to pursue advanced research in the environmental molecular sciences. EMSL's four science themes served as the framework for the workshop. The four science themes are 1) Biological Interactions and Interfaces, 2) Geochemistry/Biogeochemistry and Surface

250

Computation Directorate and Science& Technology Review Computational Science and Research Featured in 2002  

SciTech Connect

Thank you for your interest in the activities of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Computation Directorate. This collection of articles from the Laboratory's Science & Technology Review highlights the most significant computational projects, achievements, and contributions during 2002. In 2002, LLNL marked the 50th anniversary of its founding. Scientific advancement in support of our national security mission has always been the core of the Laboratory. So that researchers could better under and predict complex physical phenomena, the Laboratory has pushed the limits of the largest, fastest, most powerful computers in the world. In the late 1950's, Edward Teller--one of the LLNL founders--proposed that the Laboratory commission a Livermore Advanced Research Computer (LARC) built to Livermore's specifications. He tells the story of being in Washington, DC, when John Von Neumann asked to talk about the LARC. He thought Teller wanted too much memory in the machine. (The specifications called for 20-30,000 words.) Teller was too smart to argue with him. Later Teller invited Von Neumann to the Laboratory and showed him one of the design codes being prepared for the LARC. He asked Von Neumann for suggestions on fitting the code into 10,000 words of memory, and flattered him about ''Labbies'' not being smart enough to figure it out. Von Neumann dropped his objections, and the LARC arrived with 30,000 words of memory. Memory, and how close memory is to the processor, is still of interest to us today. Livermore's first supercomputer was the Remington-Rand Univac-1. It had 5600 vacuum tubes and was 2 meters wide by 4 meters long. This machine was commonly referred to as a 1 KFlop machine [E+3]. Skip ahead 50 years. The ASCI White machine at the Laboratory today, produced by IBM, is rated at a peak performance of 12.3 TFlops or E+13. We've improved computer processing power by 10 orders of magnitude in 50 years, and I do not believe there's any reason to think we won't improve another 10 orders of magnitude in the next 50 years. For years I have heard talk of hitting the physical limits of Moore's Law, but new technologies will take us into the next phase of computer processing power such as 3-D chips, molecular computing, quantum computing, and more. Big computers are icons or symbols of the culture and larger infrastructure that exists at LLNL to guide scientific discovery and engineering development. We have dealt with balance issues for 50 years and will continue to do so in our quest for a digital proxy of the properties of matter at extremely high temperatures and pressures. I believe that the next big computational win will be the merger of high-performance computing with information management. We already create terabytes--soon to be petabytes--of data. Efficiently storing, finding, visualizing and extracting data and turning that into knowledge which aids decision-making and scientific discovery is an exciting challenge. In the meantime, please enjoy this retrospective on computational physics, computer science, advanced software technologies, and applied mathematics performed by programs and researchers at LLNL during 2002. It offers a glimpse into the stimulating world of computational science in support of the national missions and homeland defense.

Alchorn, A L

2003-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

251

basic research needs | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Reports » Reports » Basic Energy Sciences (BES) BES Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of BES Funding Opportunities Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee (BESAC) News & Resources Program Summaries Brochures Reports Abstracts Accomplishments Presentations BES and Congress Science for Energy Flow Seeing Matter Scale of Things Chart Contact Information Basic Energy Sciences U.S. Department of Energy SC-22/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3081 F: (301) 903-6594 E: sc.bes@science.doe.gov More Information » Reports Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page BES-sponsored workshop reports address the current status and possible future directions of some important research areas of relevance to energy missions. These reports include those resulting from the "Basic Research

252

Peering into the Interfaces of Nanoscale Polymeric Materials | Advanced  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ironing Out the Details of the Earth's Core Ironing Out the Details of the Earth's Core Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed Peering into the Interfaces of Nanoscale Polymeric Materials JANUARY 6, 2012 Bookmark and Share Schematic configuration of the marker XPCS experiments. The use of resonance enhanced X-ray scattering for XPCS enables one to intensify, by more than one order of magnitude, the probing electrical field in the regions of interest within single nanometer polymer films. The development of polymer nanostructures and nanoscale devices for a wide variety of applications could emerge from new information about the interplay between nanoscale interfaces in polymeric materials, thanks to

253

DOE Office of Science Releases Journal of Undergraduate Research Volume VII  

Office of Science (SC) Website

DOE Office of DOE Office of Science Releases Journal of Undergraduate Research Volume VII News Featured Articles Science Headlines 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 Presentations & Testimony News Archives Contact Information Office of Science U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5430 11.20.07 DOE Office of Science Releases Journal of Undergraduate Research Volume VII Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page The Office of Workforce Development for Teachers and Scientist (WDTS) in the Department of Energy's Office of Science today announced the release of Volume 7 of the Journal of Undergraduate Research (JUR). The JUR is the Department of Energy's premier undergraduate research journal, highlighting the work of over 600 students who have participated

254

Publications from Research Conducted at GP-SANS | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Publications from Research Conducted at GP-SANS Publications from Research Conducted at GP-SANS 2013 Publications Anovitz L. M., Cole D. R., Rother G., Allard L. F., Jackson A. J., Littrell K. C., "Diagenetic changes in macro- to nano-scale porosity in the St. Peter sandstone: an (ultra) small angle neutron scattering and backscattered electron imaging analysis", Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 102, 280-305 (2013). Black S. B., Chang Y., Bae C., Hickner M. A., "FTIR characterization of water-polymer interactions in superacid polymers", Journal of Physical Chemistry B 117, 16266-16274 (2013). Boukhalfa S., He L., Melnichenko Y. B., Yushin G., "Small-angle neutron scattering for in situ probing of ion adsorption inside micropores", Angewandte Chemie International Edition 52, 4618-4622 (2013).

255

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to the significance of this discovery at the intersection of the emerging field of photonics and molecular sciences, it is featured on the cover of the March 25, 2010, issue of...

256

Earth Sciences Division Research Summaries 2006-2007  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Science, the Office of Fossil Energy, the Office of EnergyAssistant Secretary for Fossil Energy, Office of Coal andAssistant Secretary for Fossil Energy, Office of Natural Gas

DePaolo, Donald

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Division, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, U.S. Department of Energy (NB, SJ, APB) and ORNL LDRD program (SVK, LQC). SC and LQC at Penn State acknowledge the financial support...

258

Earth Sciences Division Research Summaries 2006-2007  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Science, the Office of Fossil Energy, the Office ofSecretary for Fossil Energy, Office of Coal and PowerAssistant Secretary for Fossil Energy, Office of Natural Gas

DePaolo, Donald

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Oak Ridge National Laboratory is the U.S. Department of Energy's largest science and energy laboratory. With 4,400 employees and 3,900 research guests annually, the lab  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oak Ridge National Laboratory is the U.S. Department of Energy's largest science and energy, environment, and economic competitiveness by transforming the way U.S. industry uses energy.We are leaders: neutron science, energy, high-performance computing, systems biology, materials science at the nanoscale

260

Research in the nuclear sciences: summaries of FY 1978  

SciTech Connect

Programs funded in fiscal year 1978 by the Division of Nuclear Sciences/Office of Basic Energy Sciences are summarized. Each summary is preceded by a heading that includes institution, title, principal investigators, budget reporting category, and operating funds provided in FY 1978. The summaries are presented in alphabetical order by institution. Indexes are appended to facilitate the location of a summary according to an investigator's name or a budget reporting category. (RWR)

1978-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanoscale science research" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Nanoscale heat conduction across tunnel junctions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?2005? Nanoscale heat conduction across tunnel junctions Y.May 2005? Nanoscale heat conduction across tunnel junctionsprevailing theory of heat conduction in highly disordered

Ju, Y. Sungtaek; Hung, M T; Carey, M J; Cyrille, M C; Childress, J R

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Earth Sciences Division Research Summaries 2006-2007  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

migration. Nuclear Waste and Energytheoretical,Berkeley Lab Nuclear Energy and Waste Program ResearchBerkeley Lab Nuclear Energy and Waste Program Research

DePaolo, Donald

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Science | Argonne National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Argonne Research Library supports the scientific and technical research The Argonne Research Library supports the scientific and technical research of the employees of Argonne National Laboratory. While the library is not open to the public, we do make our catalog available for searching. The Institute for Molecular Engineering explores innovative technologies that address fundamental societal problems through advances in nanoscale manipulation and design at a molecular scale. Women in Science and Technology (WIST) aims to promote the success of women in scientific and technical positions at Argonne. Science The best and brightest minds come to Argonne to make scientific discoveries and technological innovations that improve the quality of life throughout the nation and the world. The best and brightest minds come to Argonne.

264

X-Stack Software Research | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

X-Stack Software Research X-Stack Software Research Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) ASCR Home About Research Applied Mathematics Computer Science Exascale Tools Workshop Programming Challenges Workshop Architectures I Workshop External link Architectures II Workshop External link Next Generation Networking Scientific Discovery through Advanced Computing (SciDAC) Computational Science Graduate Fellowship (CSGF) ASCR SBIR-STTR Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of ASCR Funding Opportunities Advanced Scientific Computing Advisory Committee (ASCAC) News & Resources Contact Information Advanced Scientific Computing Research U.S. Department of Energy SC-21/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-7486 F: (301) 903-4846 E: sc.ascr@science.doe.gov More Information »

265

Nanoscale relaxation oscillator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A nanoscale oscillation device is disclosed, wherein two nanoscale droplets are altered in size by mass transport, then contact each other and merge through surface tension. The device may also comprise a channel having an actuator responsive to mechanical oscillation caused by expansion and contraction of the droplets. It further has a structure for delivering atoms between droplets, wherein the droplets are nanoparticles. Provided are a first particle and a second particle on the channel member, both being made of a chargeable material, the second particle contacting the actuator portion; and electrodes connected to the channel member for delivering a potential gradient across the channel and traversing the first and second particles. The particles are spaced apart a specified distance so that atoms from one particle are delivered to the other particle by mass transport in response to the potential (e.g. voltage potential) and the first and second particles are liquid and touch at a predetermined point of growth, thereby causing merging of the second particle into the first particle by surface tension forces and reverse movement of the actuator. In a preferred embodiment, the channel comprises a carbon nanotube and the droplets comprise metal nanoparticles, e.g. indium, which is readily made liquid.

Zettl, Alexander K. (Kensington, CA); Regan, Brian C. (Los Angeles, CA); Aloni, Shaul (Albany, CA)

2009-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

266

Simulating nanoscale semiconductor devices.  

SciTech Connect

The next generation of electronic devices will be developed at the nanoscale and molecular level, where quantum mechanical effects are observed. These effects must be accounted for in the design process for such small devices. One prototypical nanoscale semiconductor device under investigation is a resonant tunneling diode (RTD). Scientists are hopeful the quantum tunneling effects present in an RTD can be exploited to induce and sustain THz frequency current oscillations. To simulate the electron transport within the RTD, the Wigner-Poisson equations are used. These equations describe the time evolution of the electrons distribution within the device. In this paper, this model and a parameter study using this model will be presented. The parameter study involves calculating the steady-state current output from the RTD as a function of an applied voltage drop across the RTD and also calculating the stability of that solution. To implement the parameter study, the computational model was connected to LOCA (Library of Continuation Algorithms), a part of Sandia National Laboratories parallel solver project, Trilinos. Numerical results will be presented.

Salinger, Andrew Gerhard; Zhao, P. (North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC); Woolard, D. L. (U. S. Army Research Laboratory, NC); Kelley, C. Tim (North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC); Lasater, Matthew S. (North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC)

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Design science as design of social systems --- implications for information systems research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There are indications that contemporary IS research is increasingly concerned with the organizational environment in which information systems are part of or used in. This means that IS design science approaches could benefit from concerning themselves ... Keywords: IS design, design science, organizational design, social systems design, socio-technical systems design

Andreas Drechsler

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Los Alamos Life Sciences Division's biomedical and environmental research programs. Progress report, January-December 1980  

SciTech Connect

Highlights of research progress accomplished in the Life Sciences Division during the year ending December 1980 are summarized. Reports from the following groups are included: Toxicology, Biophysics, Genetics; Environmental Pathology, Organic Chemistry, and Environmental Sciences. Individual abstracts have been prepared for 46 items for inclusion in the Energy Data Base. (RJC)

Holland, L.M.; Stafford, C.G.; Bolen, S.K. (comps.)

1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Identifying and characterizing public science-related fears from RSS feeds: Research Articles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A feature of modern democracies is public mistrust of scientists and the politicization of science policy, e.g., concerning stem cell research and genetically modified food. While the extent of this mistrust is debatable, its political influence is tangible. ...

Mike Thelwall; Rudy Prabowo

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Materials Research Support at the Office of Basic Energy Sciences  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, 2010 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Symposium , Federal Funding Workshop. Presentation Title, Materials Research Support at...

271

NP Research | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

for Teachers and Scientists Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer Project Assessment Laboratories Ames Laboratory Argonne National...

272

Physical and Chemical Sciences Center: Research briefs. Volume 9-94  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As Sandia National Laboratories and the Physical and Chemical Sciences Center develop an increasingly diverse set of customers, research partners, and Cooperative Research and Development Agreements (CRADA`s) with industry, there is a need for providing more concise information describing the technical achievements and capabilities. This publication, Research Briefs, is designed to inform the present and potential partners in research and technology advancement. The research emphasizes semiconductor physics, electronic materials, surface physics and chemistry, plasma and chemical processing sciences, lasers and optics, vision science, ion-solid interactions and defect physics, and advanced materials physics. The specific programs pursued are driven by the research goals which are greatly influenced by interactions with the government and industrial customers.

Vook, F.L.; Samara, G.A. [eds.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

273

Nanoscale heat transfer - from computation to experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heat transfer can differ distinctly at the nanoscale from that at the macroscale. Recent advancement in

Luo, Tengfei

2013-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

274

Motivation, Design, and Ubiquity: A Discussion of Research Ethics and Computer Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modern society is permeated with computers, and the software that controls them can have latent, long-term, and immediate effects that reach far beyond the actual users of these systems. This places researchers in Computer Science and Software Engineering in a critical position of influence and responsibility, more than any other field because computer systems are vital research tools for other disciplines. This essay presents several key ethical concerns and responsibilities relating to research in computing. The goal is to promote awareness and discussion of ethical issues among computer science researchers. A hypothetical case study is provided, along with questions for reflection and discussion.

David R. Wright

2007-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

275

DOE Science Showcase - Cool roofs, cool research, at DOE | OSTI, US Dept of  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Cool roofs, cool research, at DOE Cool roofs, cool research, at DOE Science Accelerator returns cool roof documents from 6 DOE Databases Executive Order on Sustainability Secretary Chu Announces Steps to Implement One Cool Roof Cool Roofs Lead to Cooler Cities Guidelines for Selecting Cool Roofs DOE Cool Roof Calculator Visit the Science Showcase homepage. OSTI Homepage Mobile Gallery Subscribe to RSS OSTI Blog Get Widgets Get Alert Services OSTI Facebook OSTI Twitter OSTI Google+ Bookmark and Share (Link will open in a new window) Go to Videos Loading... Stop news scroll Most Visited Adopt-A-Doc DOE Data Explorer DOE Green Energy DOepatents DOE R&D Accomplishments .EDUconnections Energy Science and Technology Software Center E-print Network National Library of Energy OSTIblog Science.gov Science Accelerator

276

DOE Office of Science Releases Journal of Undergraduate Research...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

focused his research on the microalgae, Dunaliella Salina, a potential source of renewable fuel. This is a small sample of the work completed by over 600 undergraduate...

277

World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) Open Science Conference Final Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Travel support was provided for a range of invited speakers, students, early-career, and developing-country, and key scientists who required financial assistance to participate, and would otherwise be unable to attend, to contribute to, and benefit from, this important event. This support also allowed participants to present their research findings, provide input to WCRP planning and plans, and encourage collaboration with other research scientists. In particular, the participation and engagement of regional scientists in the OSC helped to ensure communication and advocacy in identifying the climate research needs of the region and their inclusion in the WCRP long-range research priorities.

Amy Honchar

2012-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

278

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents: Aerosol Research...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Aerosol Research at the Arctic Facility for Atmospheric Remote Sensing (AFARS): In Search of Indirect Cloud Effects Sassen, Kenneth University of Alaska Fairbanks Tiruchirapalli,...

279

MIT Plasma Science & Fusion Center: research, alcator, pubs,...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Program Information Publications & News Meetings & Seminars Contact Information Physics Research High-Energy- Density Physics Waves & Beams Fusion Technology & Engineering Plasma...

280

Highlights from Research Conducted at CNCS | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Highlights from Research Conducted at CNCS Peering into Protein Dynamics Between a rock and a hard place: searching for a solid that flows like a liquid Unexpected Magnetic...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanoscale science research" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Earth Sciences Division Research Summaries 2006-2007  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

was supported by the ExxonMobil Upstream Research Companywork was provided by the ExxonMobil Corporation, and by the

DePaolo, Donald

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Research | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Frontier Intensity Frontier Cosmic Frontier Theoretical Physics Advanced Technology R&D Accelerator R&D Stewardship Research Highlights .pdf file (13.1MB) Questions for the...

283

MIT Plasma Science & Fusion Center: research> alcator> computers...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Publications & News Meetings & Seminars Contact Information Physics Research High-Energy- Density Physics Waves & Beams Fusion Technology & Engineering Useful Links Computer & Data...

284

DOE Science Showcase - Power Grid Research | OSTI, US Dept of...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Power Grid Research A modernized electrical smart grid is needed to handle the exploding requirements of digital and computerized equipment and technology dependent on it, as well...

285

Basic Research Needs | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Basic Research Needs Basic Research Needs Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers Research Basic Research Needs Grand Challenges Science Highlights News & Events Publications Contact BES Home Research Basic Research Needs Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page In 2001, the Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee (BESAC) conducted a far reaching study to assess the scope of fundamental scientific research that must be considered to address the DOE missions in energy efficiency, renewable energy resources, improved use of fossil fuels, safe and publicly acceptable nuclear energy, future energy sources, and reduced environmental impacts of energy production and use. The scientific community responded to this BESAC study with enthusiasm through participation in a week-long

286

Advanced 3D Detectors for Research | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Advanced 3D Detectors for Research Advanced 3D Detectors for Research Nuclear Physics (NP) NP Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of NP Funding Opportunities Nuclear Science Advisory Committee (NSAC) News & Resources Contact Information Nuclear Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-26/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3613 F: (301) 903-3833 E: sc.np@science.doe.gov More Information » January 2013 Advanced 3D Detectors for Research Gamma-ray detectors built with silicon photomultiplier arrays provide high-resolution 3D imaging for research. Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page Click to enlarge photo. Enlarge Photo Image courtesy of Jefferson Lab Silicon photomultiplier array. The Office of Nuclear Physics funds a community of scientists to do basic

287

Applied Science Division annual report, Environmental Research Program FY 1983  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The primary concern of the Environmental Research Program is the understanding of pollutant formation, transport, and transformation and the impacts of pollutants on the environment. These impacts include global, regional, and local effects on the atmosphere and hydrosphere, and on certain aspects of human health. This multidisciplinary research program includes fundamental and applied research in physics, chemistry, engineering, and biology, as well as research on the development of advanced methods of measurement and analysis. During FY 1983, research concentrated on atmospheric physics and chemistry, applied physics and laser spectroscopy, combustion theory and phenomena, environmental effects of oil shale processing, freshwater ecology and acid precipitation, trace element analysis for the investigation of present and historical environmental impacts, and a continuing survey of instrumentation for environmental monitoring.

Cairns, E.J.; Novakov, T.

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

DOE Science Showcase - Featured Climate Change Research from DOE Databases  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Featured Climate Change Research from DOE Databases Featured Climate Change Research from DOE Databases Search Results from DOE Databases View research documents, citations, accomplishments, patents, and projects related to climate change, one of the primary scientific challenges addressed through the Incite Program. Climate Change Information Bridge Energy Citations Database DOE R&D Accomplishments Database DOE Data Explorer Climate Modeling Information Bridge Energy Citations Database DOE R&D Accomplishments Database DOE Data Explorer Ocean Turbulence and Climate Information Bridge Energy Citations Database DOE Accomplishments Database DOE Data Explorer Cloud Simulation and Models Information Bridge Energy Citations Database DOE Accomplishments Database DOE Data Explorer Global Warming Information Bridge Energy Citations Database

289

NREL: Energy Sciences - Jie Ma  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Jie Ma Jie Ma Postdoctoral Researcher Photo of Jie Ma Phone: (303) 384-6511 Email: jie.ma@nrel.gov At NREL Since: 2010 Dr. Ma graduated from the University of Science and Technology of China in 2004 and received a Ph.D. degree from Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences in 2009. Jie joined the Computational Materials Science Team at NREL as a postdoctoral researcher in March, 2010. He is currently working on computational design and characterization of nanoscale materials for doping, water splitting, and solar cells, using quantum mechanical electronic structure calculation and molecular dynamics simulation techniques. Research Interests Low-dimensional systems (quantum dots, nanotube and nanowires, and surfaces) Doping in semiconductors. Solar cell and water splitting.

290

University Research National Labs | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

About » University About » University Research & National Labs » University Research National Labs Alpha Listing High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Staff Organization Chart .pdf file (170KB) HEP Budget HEP Committees of Visitors Directions Jobs University Research & National Labs University Research National Labs Alpha Listing Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of HEP Funding Opportunities Advisory Committees News & Resources Contact Information High Energy Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-25/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3624 F: (301) 903-2597 E: sc.hep@science.doe.gov More Information » University Research & National Labs University Research National Labs Alpha Listing Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds

291

Postdoctoral Research Fellow / Postdoctoral Research Assistant in Trapped Ion Quantum Technology and Nano-science at the University of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-science and atomic physics The successful applicant should have an experimental PhD in a field related to our research area such as atomic physics, optical physics, nano- / micro-fabrication, condensed matter of the successful candidate. The city of Brighton & Hove has everything - sun, sea, brilliant clubs, great places

Hensinger, Winfried

292

Atomic Molecular and Optical Science | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Atomic Molecular and Optical Science Atomic Molecular and Optical Science Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, & Biosciences (CSGB) Division CSGB Home About Research Areas Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) DOE Energy Innovation Hubs Scientific Highlights Reports & Activities Principal Investigators' Meetings BES Home Research Areas Atomic Molecular and Optical Science Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page This research area supports theory and experiments to understand structural and dynamical properties of atoms, molecules, and nanostructures. The research emphasizes the fundamental interactions of these systems with photons and electrons to characterize and control their behavior. These efforts aim to develop accurate quantum mechanical descriptions of properties and dynamical processes of atoms, molecules, and nanoscale

293

MIT Plasma Science & Fusion Center: research, alcator, publications...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Comparisons with GYRO E. Marmar Alcator C-Mod Research Highlights J. Rice Counter-Current Rotation in Alcator C-Mod LHCD Plasmas M. Reinke Flux Surface Assymetries in VUVSXR...

294

MIT Plasma Science & Fusion Center: research>alcator>introduction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

C-Mod Five Year Plan (2009-2013) Budget Planning Presentations C-Mod Graduate Student Research Alcator DX White Paper (Bibliography) X-Point Target Divertor in Alcator DX...

295

Asking the Right Questions: Atmospheric Sciences Research and Societal Needs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years, those who conduct federally funded research in the United States have been asked by their patrons, the public and their elected representatives, to demonstrate more efficacy with respect to societal needs. Although there is a ...

Roger A. Pielke Jr.

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

DOE Science Showcase - Research on the "Go" with OSTI mobile...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Research on the "Go" with OSTI mobile Now you can find full-text technical reports from the Department of Energy from your mobile device. The new mobile OSTI website http:...

297

Theoretical Condensed Matter Physics | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Theoretical Condensed Matter Physics Theoretical Condensed Matter Physics Materials Sciences and Engineering (MSE) Division MSE Home About Research Areas Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) DOE Energy Innovation Hubs BES Funding Opportunities The Computational Materials and Chemical Sciences Network (CMCSN) Theoretical Condensed Matter Physics Scientific Highlights Reports and Activities Principal Investigators' Meetings BES Home Research Areas Theoretical Condensed Matter Physics Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page This research area supports theoretical condensed matter physics with emphasis on the theory, modeling, and simulation of electronic correlations. A major thrust is nanoscale science, where links between the electronic, optical, mechanical, and magnetic properties of nanostructures

298

Nanoscale Heat Conduction across Metal-Dielectric Interfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

006 " Nanoscale Heat Conduction across Metal-Dielectricdirectly. Nanoscale Heat Conduction across Metal-Dielectricstudy of nanoscale heat conduction across nanolaminates

Ju, Y. Sungtaek

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Transportation Planning & Decision Science Group Transportation Systems Research Group Diane Davidson Keith Kahl  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transportation Planning & Decision Science Group Transportation Systems Research Group Diane Davidson Keith Kahl 865-946-1475 865-946-1236 Center for Transportation Analysis News Oak Ridge National, during the Chairman's Luncheon at the 92nd Annual Transportation Research Board (TRB) Meeting

300

Increasing student retention in computer science through research programs for undergraduates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To address the alarming decrease in students in Rhode Island computer science programs and the under-representation of women and minorities, we have devised a program to introduce students to research in computer graphics, art and new media. This program ... Keywords: computer graphics, education, undergraduate research

Joan Peckham; Peter Stephenson; Jean-Yves Herv; Ron Hutt; Miguel Encarnao

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanoscale science research" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Electric Power Systems Research 81 (2011) 20992107 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

electricity usage. It is estimated that by 2020, about 12% of the world's electricity will be supplied by windElectric Power Systems Research 81 (2011) 2099­2107 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Electric Power Systems Research journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/epsr Short-term wind power

302

Earth Sciences Division annual report, 1976. [Research programs in Earth sciences  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This compilation lists abstracts of papers, internal reports, and talks presented during 1976 at national and international meetings by members of the Earth Sciences Division, Lawrence Livermore Laboratory. Subjects include: coal gasification, gas stimulation, geothermal fields, oil shale retorting, radioactive waste management, geochemistry, geophysics, seismology, explosive phenomenology, and miscellaneous studies.

Hornady, B.; Duba, A.

1977-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

303

OSTI Brings Foreign Research to U.S. Science Community | OSTI, US Dept of  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Brings Foreign Research to U.S. Science Community Brings Foreign Research to U.S. Science Community August 19, 2005 Oak Ridge, TN - Each year the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) - through its participation in two multilateral R&D information exchange agreements - gains access to approximately 80,000 foreign energy-related research summaries. One agreement is under the auspices of the International Energy Agency (IEA) in Paris while the other is under the auspices of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in Vienna. The IEA information collection, which totals more than 3.5 million items, is made available to U.S. researchers by OSTI, an Office of Science program located in Oak Ridge, TN. This agreement, called the Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDE), is managed by

304

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Understanding Metal-Directed Growth of Single-Crystal M-TCNQF4 Organic Understanding Metal-Directed Growth of Single-Crystal M-TCNQF4 Organic Nanowires K. Xiao, M. Yoon, A. J. Rondinone, E. A. Payzant, and D. B. Geohegan Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Achievement Combined experimental and theoretical studies revealed the nucleation and growth mechanisms of M-TCNQF4 crystalline organic nanowires grown on different metals by vapor-solid chemical reaction (VSCR). Real-time x-ray diffraction was used to measure the growth kinetics of the nanowires, and a modified Avrami model of the data showed that growth proceeds via a 1D ion diffusion-controlled reaction at their tips. First principles atomistic calculations were used to understand how charge transfer interactions govern the reactivity of different metals in the growth process through the

305

Publications from Research Conducted at CG-1 | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Publications from Research Conducted at CG-1 Publications from Research Conducted at CG-1 2013 Publications Wang C. L., Clonts L. G., Diawara Y., Hannan B. W., Hodges J. P., "Elimination of ghosting artifacts from wavelength-shifting fiber neutron detectors", Review of Scientific Instruments 84, 013308 (2013). 2011 Publications Crow L., Robertson L., Bilheux H., Fleenor M., Iverson E., Tong X., Stoica D., Lee W. T., "The CG1 instrument development test station at the High Flux Isotope Reactor", Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 634, S71-S74 (2011). 2010 Publications Bilheux H. Z., Horita J., Warren J. M., Perfect E., Kang M., "Neutron imaging of fluids in plantsoil- rock systems using the ORNL/HFIR CG-1 beamline", Goldschmidt Abstracts B, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta

306

Review and Selection of Research Projects | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Review and Selection of Research Projects Review and Selection of Research Projects High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of HEP Funding Opportunities Closed Funding Opportunity Announcements (FOAs) Closed Lab Announcements Award Search Peer Merit / Review Policies Early Career Research Opportunities in High Energy Physics Graduate Fellows in High Energy Theory Guidelines Advisory Committees News & Resources Contact Information High Energy Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-25/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3624 F: (301) 903-2597 E: sc.hep@science.doe.gov More Information » Peer Merit / Review Policies Review and Selection of Research Projects Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page All research projects supported by the Office of High Energy Physics (HEP)

307

Long range interactions in nanoscale science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Our understanding of the long range electrodynamic, electrostatic, and polar interactions that dominate the organization of small objects at separations beyond an interatomic bond length is reviewed. From this basic-forces ...

Rajter, Richard F.

308

NIST Center for Nanoscale Science and Technology ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Finally, by scanning a laser pointer across black shapes on white paper and using a photodiode with an audio output that got louder in white ...

2013-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

309

Center for Nanoscale Science and Technology Homepage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... the US nanotechnology enterprise from discovery to production by providing ... A Step Towards Energy-Efficient Voltage Control of Magnetic Devices. ...

2013-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

310

Center for Nanoscale Science and Technology Staff  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Christian Long to develop more accurate ... characterizing a recently developed instrument designed to ... with Mark Stiles developing a computational ...

2013-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

311

Publications from Research Conducted at WAND | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Publications from Research Conducted at WAND Publications from Research Conducted at WAND 2013 Publications Durand A. M., Belanger D. P., Booth C. H., Ye F., Chi S., Fernandez-Baca J. A., Bhat M., "Magnetism and phase transitions in LaCoO3", Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 25, 382203 (2013). Kobayashi R., Kaneko K., Wakimoto S., Chi S., Sanada N., Watanuki R., Suzuki K., "Powder neutron diffraction study of HoCoGa", Journal of the Korean Physical Society 63, 337-340 (2013). Retuerto M., Li M. R., Ignatov A., Croft M., Ramanujachary K. V., Chi S., Hodges J. P., Dachraoui W., Hadermann J., Tran T. T., Halasyamani P. S., Grams C. P., Hemberger J., Greenblatt M., "Polar and magnetic layered A-site and rock salt B-site-ordered NaLnFeWO6 (Ln = La, Nd) perovskites", Inorganic Chemistry 52, 12482-12491 (2013).

312

Publications from Research Conducted at MR | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Publications from Research Conducted at MR Publications from Research Conducted at MR 2013 Publications Erickson M. J., "Surface and interface effects in nanoscopic metallic spin transport devices", University of Minnesota , (2013). Ji N., Lauter V., Zhang X., Ambaye H., Wang J.-P., "Strain induced giant magnetism in epitaxial Fe16N2 thin film", Applied Physics Letters 102, 072411 (2013). Jiang C. Y., Tong X., Brown D. R., Lee W. T., Ambaye H., Craig J. W., Crow L., Culbertson H., Goyette R., Graves-Brook M. K., Hagen M. E., Kadron B., Lauter V., McCollum L. W., Robertson J. L., Winn B., Vandegrift A. E., "Polarized 3He neutron spin filters at Oak Ridge National Laboratory", Physics Procedia 42, 191-199 (2013). Ke X., Belenky L. J., Lauter V., Ambaye H., Bark C. W., Eom C. B.,

313

Publications from Research Conducted at FCD | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Publications from Research Conducted at FCD Publications from Research Conducted at FCD 2013 Publications Cao H., Chakoumakos B. C., Chen X., Yan J., McGuire M. A., Yang H., Custelcean R., Zhou H., Singh D. J., Mandrus D., "Origin of the phase transition in IrTe2: structural modulation and local bonding instability", Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 88, 115122 (2013). Fancher C. M., "Texture and anisotropy in the bismuth sodium titanate system", Purdue University , (2013). Ghimire N. J., "Complex magnetism in noncentrosymmetric magnets", University of Tennessee , (2013). Kiswandhi A., Brooks J. S., Cao H. B., Yan J. Q., Mandrus D., Jiang Z., Zhou H. D., "Competition between the structural phase transition and superconductivity in Ir1-xPtxTe2 as revealed by pressure effects", Physical

314

Publications from Research Conducted at POWGEN - ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Publications from Research Conducted at POWGEN Publications from Research Conducted at POWGEN 2013 Publications Bergstrom Jr. R., Wuttig M., Cullen J., Zavalij P., Briber R., Dennis C., Garlea V. O., Laver M., "Morphotropic phase boundaries in ferromagnets: Tb1-xDyxFe2 alloys", Physical Review Letters 111, 017203 (2013). Bessas D., Rushchanskii K. Z., Kachlik M., Disch S., Gourdon O., Bednarcik J., Maca K., Sergueev I., Kamba S., Lezaic M., Hermann R. P., "Lattice instabilities in bulk EuTiO3", Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 88, 144308 (2013). Bridges C. A., Harrison K., Unocic R. R., Idrobo J.-C., Paranthaman M. P., Manthiram A., "Defect chemistry of phospho-olivine nanoparticles synthesized by a microwave-assisted solvothermal process", Journal of Solid

315

Publications from Research Conducted at CTAX | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Publications from Research Conducted at CTAX Publications from Research Conducted at CTAX 2013 Publications Hong T., Zhu L. Y., Ke X., Garlea V. O., Qiu Y., Nambu Y., Yoshizawa H., Zhu M., Granroth G. E., Savici A. T., Gai Z., Zhou and H.D., "Structural and magnetic properties in the quantum S=1/2 dimer system Ba3(Cr1-xVx)2O8 with site disorder", Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 87, 144427 (2013). Ma J., Delaire O., May A. F., Carlton C. E., McGuire M. A., VanBebber L. H., Abernathy D. L., Ehlers G., Hong T., Huq A., Tian W., Keppens V. M., Shao-Horn Y., Sales B. C., "Glass-like phonon scattering from a spontaneous nanostructure in AgSbTe2", Nature Nanotechnology , (2013). Minnich A. J., "Naturally glassy crystals", Nature Nanotechnology 8, 392-393 (2013).

316

Publications from Research Conducted at VULCAN | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Publications from Research Conducted at VULCAN Publications from Research Conducted at VULCAN 2013 Publications Benafan O., Noebe R. D., II S. A.Padula, Gaydosh D. J., Lerch B. A., Garg A., Bigelow G. S., An K., Vaidyanathan R., "Temperature dependent behavior of a polycrystalline NiTi shape memory alloy around the transformation regime", Scripta Materialia 68, 571-574 (2013). Bowman Jr. R. C., Payzant E. A., Wilson P. R., Pearson D. P., Ledovskikh A., Danilov D., Notten P. H.L., An K., Skorpenske H. D., Wood D. L., "Characterization and analyses of degradation and recovery of LaNi4.78Sn0.22 hydrides following thermal aging", Journal of Alloys and Compounds 580, S207-S210 (2013). Brice C. A., Hofmeister W. H., "Determination of bulk residual stresses in electron beam additivemManufactured aluminum", Metallurgical

317

Publications from Research Conducted at TOPAZ | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Publications from Research Conducted at TOPAZ Publications from Research Conducted at TOPAZ 2013 Publications Janssen Y., Santhanagopalan D., Qian D., Chi M., Wang X., Hoffmann C., Meng Y. S., Khalifah P. G., "Reciprocal salt flux growth of LiFePO4 single crystals with controlled defect concentrations", Chemistry of Materials 25, 4574-4584 (2013). 2012 Publications Phelan W. A., "Challenges in the discovery and characterization of magnetic intermetallics", Louisiana State University , (2012). Phelan W. A., Kangas M. J., McCandless G. T., Drake B. L., Haldolaarachchige N., Zhao L. L., Wang J. K., Wang X. P., Young D. P., Morosan E., Hoffmann C., Chan J. Y., "Synthesis, structure, and physical properties of Ln(Cu,Al,Ga)13-x (Ln = La-Pr, and Eu) and Eu(Cu,Al)13-x", Inorganic Chemistry 51, 10193-10202 (2012).

318

TORCH Computational Reference Kernels - A Testbed for Computer Science Research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For decades, computer scientists have sought guidance on how to evolve architectures, languages, and programming models in order to improve application performance, efficiency, and productivity. Unfortunately, without overarching advice about future directions in these areas, individual guidance is inferred from the existing software/hardware ecosystem, and each discipline often conducts their research independently assuming all other technologies remain fixed. In today's rapidly evolving world of on-chip parallelism, isolated and iterative improvements to performance may miss superior solutions in the same way gradient descent optimization techniques may get stuck in local minima. To combat this, we present TORCH: A Testbed for Optimization ResearCH. These computational reference kernels define the core problems of interest in scientific computing without mandating a specific language, algorithm, programming model, or implementation. To compliment the kernel (problem) definitions, we provide a set of algorithmically-expressed verification tests that can be used to verify a hardware/software co-designed solution produces an acceptable answer. Finally, to provide some illumination as to how researchers have implemented solutions to these problems in the past, we provide a set of reference implementations in C and MATLAB.

Kaiser, Alex; Williams, Samuel Webb; Madduri, Kamesh; Ibrahim, Khaled; Bailey, David H.; Demmel, James W.; Strohmaier, Erich

2010-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

319

Computing at the leading edge: Research in the energy sciences  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this publication is to highlight selected scientific challenges that have been undertaken by the DOE Energy Research community. The high quality of the research reflected in these contributions underscores the growing importance both to the Grand Challenge scientific efforts sponsored by DOE and of the related supporting technologies that the National Energy Research Supercomputer Center (NERSC) and other facilities are able to provide. The continued improvement of the computing resources available to DOE scientists is prerequisite to ensuring their future progress in solving the Grand Challenges. Titles of articles included in this publication include: the numerical tokamak project; static and animated molecular views of a tumorigenic chemical bound to DNA; toward a high-performance climate systems model; modeling molecular processes in the environment; lattice Boltzmann models for flow in porous media; parallel algorithms for modeling superconductors; parallel computing at the Superconducting Super Collider Laboratory; the advanced combustion modeling environment; adaptive methodologies for computational fluid dynamics; lattice simulations of quantum chromodynamics; simulating high-intensity charged-particle beams for the design of high-power accelerators; electronic structure and phase stability of random alloys.

Mirin, A.A.; Van Dyke, P.T. [eds.

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

DOE Science Showcase - Fuel Cells Research | OSTI, US Dept of Energy,  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

DOE Science Showcase - Fuel Cells Research DOE Science Showcase - Fuel Cells Research Clean, Efficient, and Reliable Power for the 21st Century Fuel cells are an important enabling technology for the nation's energy portfolio and have the potential to revolutionize the way we power our nation, offering cleaner, more-efficient alternatives to the combustion of gasoline and other fossil fuels. Courtesy of DOE Fuel Cell Technologies Program Fuel Cells Research Results in DOE Databases DOE R&D Accomplishments DOepatents DOE Green Energy Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC) Energy Citations Database and view more search results More information In the OSTI Collections: Fuel Cells Fuels Used in the Cell Fuel Cell Improvements Environmental Effects Market Needs More Reading - What Exactly Is a Fuel Cell?

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanoscale science research" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

ARM - Procedure for Submitting Science and Research Products to the Data  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DocumentationProcedure for Submitting Science and Research DocumentationProcedure for Submitting Science and Research Products to the Data Archive Policies, Plans, Descriptions Data Documentation Home Data Sharing and Distribution Policy Data Management and Documentation Plan Data Product Registration and Submission Reading netCDF and HDF Data Files Time in ARM netCDF Data Files Data Archive Documentation ARM Archive's Catalog of Data Streams (Updated monthly) Access to Historical ARM Data More on Understanding and Finding ARM Data Data Quality Problem Reporting Procedure for Submitting Science and Research Products to the Data Archive The Principal Investigator (PI) establishes contact with an ARM Translator to describe the data product. The Translator collects enough information to describe the PI Product within the Translator group; thereby resulting in assignment of the

322

Dr. Mostafa Moin, Minister of Science, Research and Technology, Islamic Republic of Iran  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

L. to. r.:Dr Henrik Foeth, Team Leader, CMS experiment; Dr Daniel Denegri, Physics Coordinator, CMS experiment; Prof. Tejinder Virdee, Deputy Spokesman, CMS experiment; Prof. Luciano Maiani, CERN Director-General (signing); Mr Jean-Marie Dufour, Head of the Legal Service, Mr Ghodratollah Habibpour Gharakol (back); Dr Abdolali Sharghi, Advisor to the Minister and Director General, Office of International Scientific Cooperation, Ministry of Science, Research and Technology; Dr Mostafa Moin, Minister of Science, Research and Technology, Islamic Republic of Iran (signing); Dr Reza Mansouri, Director, International Scientific Meetings Office, Ministry of Science, Research and Technology; H. E. Dr Ali Khorram, Extraordinary and plenipotentiary Ambassador to the United Nations in Geneva and Dr Hans F. Hoffmann, CERN Director for Technology Transfer & for Scientific Computing. _

Patrice Loez

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC): Advancing the frontiers of computational science and technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) provides researchers with high-performance computing tools to tackle science`s biggest and most challenging problems. Founded in 1974 by DOE/ER, the Controlled Thermonuclear Research Computer Center was the first unclassified supercomputer center and was the model for those that followed. Over the years the center`s name was changed to the National Magnetic Fusion Energy Computer Center and then to NERSC; it was relocated to LBNL. NERSC, one of the largest unclassified scientific computing resources in the world, is the principal provider of general-purpose computing services to DOE/ER programs: Magnetic Fusion Energy, High Energy and Nuclear Physics, Basic Energy Sciences, Health and Environmental Research, and the Office of Computational and Technology Research. NERSC users are a diverse community located throughout US and in several foreign countries. This brochure describes: the NERSC advantage, its computational resources and services, future technologies, scientific resources, and computational science of scale (interdisciplinary research over a decade or longer; examples: combustion in engines, waste management chemistry, global climate change modeling).

Hules, J. [ed.

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Early Career Research Program Homepage | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Funding Opportunities » Early Career Research Funding Opportunities » Early Career Research Program Home Early Career Research Program Contact Information Early Career Research Program U.S. Department of Energy SC-2/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-1293 F: (301) 903-7780 Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page The Office of Science of the Department of Energy announces the fiscal year 2014 Early Career Research Program. The funding opportunity for researchers in universities and DOE national laboratories was announced July 23, 2013. The Early Career Research Program, now in its fifth year, supports the development of individual research programs of outstanding scientists early in their careers and stimulates research careers in the disciplines

325

Third DOE BES Separations Research Workshop | U.S. DOE Office of Science  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Third DOE BES Separations Research Workshop Third DOE BES Separations Research Workshop Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, & Biosciences (CSGB) Division CSGB Home About Research Areas Scientific Highlights Reports & Activities Principal Investigators' Meetings BES Home Reports & Activities Third DOE BES Separations Research Workshop Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Third DOE/BES Separations Research Workshop Hilton DeSoto Hotel Savannah Georgia May 12-14, 1999 Organizing Committee Dr. Richard Gordon Richard.Gordon@science.doe.gov DOE/BES Separations & Analysis Prog. Dr. Charles H Byers cbyers@isopro.net Chem Tech Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory Dr. Hank Cochran hdc@ornl.gov Chem Tech Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory Prof. Robin Rogers robin@radar.ch.ua.edu Department of Chemistry

326

Early Career Research Opportunities | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Early Career Research Opportunities in High Energy Physics Early Career Research Opportunities in High Energy Physics High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of HEP Funding Opportunities Closed Funding Opportunity Announcements (FOAs) Closed Lab Announcements Award Search Peer Merit / Review Policies Early Career Research Opportunities in High Energy Physics Graduate Fellows in High Energy Theory Guidelines Advisory Committees News & Resources Contact Information High Energy Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-25/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3624 F: (301) 903-2597 E: sc.hep@science.doe.gov More Information » Funding Opportunities Early Career Research Opportunities in High Energy Physics Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page

327

Interdisciplinary Research and Training Program in the Plant Sciences  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Research on plants continued. Topics include: Molecular basis of symbiotic plant-microbe interations; enzymatic mechanisms and regulation of plant cell wall biosynthesis; molecular mechanisms that regulate the expression of genes in plants; resistance of plants to environmental stress; studies on hormone biosynthesis and action; plant cell wall proteins; interaction of nuclear and organelle genomes; sensor transduction in plants; molecular mechanisms of trafficking in the plant cell; regulation of lipid metabolism; molecular bases of plant disease resistance mechanisms; biochemical and molecular aspects of plant pathogenesis; developmental biology of nitrogen-fixing cyanobacteria; environmental control of plant development and its relation to plant hormones.

Wolk, C.P.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

MSA | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

MSA MSA Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers Research Science Highlights News & Events Publications Contact BES Home Centers MSA Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Materials Science of Actinides (MSA) Director(s): Peter Burns Lead Institution: University of Notre Dame Mission: To understand and control, at the nanoscale, materials that contain actinides (radioactive heavy elements such as uranium and plutonium) to lay the scientific foundation for advanced nuclear energy systems. Research Topics: nuclear (including radiation effects), materials and chemistry by design, synthesis (novel materials), synthesis (self-assembly) Materials Studied: MATERIALS: actinide, ionic liquid, porous NANOSTRUCTURED MATERIALS: 3D, nanocomposites Experimental and Theoretical Methods:

329

Publications from Research Conducted at TAX | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Publications from Research Conducted at TAX Publications from Research Conducted at TAX 2013 Publications Cao G., Subedi A., Calder S., Yan J.-Q., Yi J., Gai Z., Poudel L., Singh D. J., Lumsden M. D., Christianson A. D., Sales B. C., Mandrus D., "Magnetism and electronic structure of La2ZnIrO6 and La2MgIrO6: Candidate Jeff=1/2 Mott insulators", Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 87, 155136 (2013). Christianson A. D., Lumsden M. D., Marty K., Wang C. H., Calder S., Abernathy D. L., Stone M. B., Mook H. A., McGuire M. A., Sefat A. S., Sales B. C., Mandrus D., Goremychkin E. A., "Doping dependence of the spin excitations in the Fe-based superconductors Fe1+yTe1-xSex", Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 87, 224410 (2013). Jayasekara W., Lee Y., Pandey A., Tucker G. S., Sapkota A., Lamsal

330

Publications from Research Conducted at PTAX | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Publications from Research Conducted at PTAX Publications from Research Conducted at PTAX 2013 Publications Cao G., Subedi A., Calder S., Yan J.-Q., Yi J., Gai Z., Poudel L., Singh D. J., Lumsden M. D., Christianson A. D., Sales B. C., Mandrus D., "Magnetism and electronic structure of La2ZnIrO6 and La2MgIrO6: Candidate Jeff=1/2 Mott insulators", Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 87, 155136 (2013). Christianson A. D., Lumsden M. D., Marty K., Wang C. H., Calder S., Abernathy D. L., Stone M. B., Mook H. A., McGuire M. A., Sefat A. S., Sales B. C., Mandrus D., Goremychkin E. A., "Doping dependence of the spin excitations in the Fe-based superconductors Fe1+yTe1-xSex", Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 87, 224410 (2013). Chung J.-H., Song Y.-S., Kim J.-H., Suzuki T., Katsufuji T., Matsuda

331

Medical & Risk-related Research Archive of Science Articles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Search News Archive Search News Archive Advanced Search Search Tips Medical & Risk-related Research Computer Simulations Point Way to New Finding About the Immune System Secrets Of Drug Resistance Revealed New Breast Cancer Gene Found That Can Affect Cell Growth Controls New Bioactive Metal Coating Allows Metal Implants To Bond With Bone Online National Health Survey Seeks to Sign Up Millions Heading Off Terrorism, Scientists Model Airflow Transport Faster, Better Way to Compute Medical Models from Noisy Images Promising New Treatment for Brain Cancer on the Horizon New Sensor Provides First Instant Test for Toxic E. Coli Organism History of Nuclear Medicine: From Radioisotopes to Medical Imaging Water Purification System Has Vast Potential to Save Lives in Third World Exercise and Not Genetics Is Major Determinant of Weight, Study

332

Atmospheric Science Program. Summaries of research in FY 1994  

SciTech Connect

This report provides descriptions for all projects funded by ESD under annual contracts in FY 1994. Each description contains the project`s title; three-year funding history (in thousands of dollars); the contract period over which the funding applies; the name(s) of the principal investigator(s); the institution(s) conducting the projects; and the project`s objectives, products, approach, and results to date (for most projects older than one year). Project descriptions are categorized within the report according to program areas: atmospheric chemistry, atmospheric dynamics, and support operations. Within these categories, the descriptions are ordered alphabetically by principal investigator. Each program area is preceded by a brief text that defines the program area, states it goals and objectives, lists principal research questions, and identifies program managers. Appendixes provide the addresses and telephone numbers of the principal investigators and define the acronyms used.

NONE

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Pacific Northwest Laboratory Annual report for 1991 to the DOE Office of Energy Research. Part 4, Physical Sciences  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents an overview of research conducted at the Pacific Northwest Laboratory in the following areas: Dosimetry, measurement science, and radiological and chemical physics. (CBS)

Toburen, L.H.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Nanoscale Electromechanical Properties of Novel Materials for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Nanoscale Electromechanical Properties of Novel Materials for Actuator and Energy Harvesting Applications. Author(s), Andrei Kholkin.

335

DOE Science Showcase - Light-emitting Diode (LED) Lighting Research | OSTI,  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Science Showcase - Light-emitting Diode (LED) Lighting Research Science Showcase - Light-emitting Diode (LED) Lighting Research Light-emitting diode (LED) lighting is a type of solid-state lighting that uses a semiconductor to convert electricity to light. LED lighting products are beginning to appear in a wide variety of home, business, and industrial products such as holiday lighting, replacement bulbs for incandescent lamps, street lighting, outdoor area lighting and indoor ambient lighting. Over the past decade, LED technology research and development supported by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has yielded impressive improvements in the cost, color performance, light output, efficacy, reliability, lifetime, and manufacturability of LED products and this upward trend is expected to continue. Read about the latest DOE research, the technology behind LEDs,

336

Developing research capacity in the social sciences: a professionality-based model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Developing research capacity in the social sciences: a professionality based model Dr Linda Evans Reader in Education School of Education University of Leeds Leeds, LS2 9JT UK E:mail: Linda.Evans@education.leeds.ac.uk Introduction With so many... , Issues in European teacher development: linking theory and practice, at the European Conference on Educational Research, University of Gothenburg, September 12th. Retrieved January 30th, 2009, from http://www.leeds.ac.uk/educol/documents/175518.pdf...

Evans, Linda

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Transportation Planning & Decision Science Group Transportation Systems Research Group Diane Davidson Keith Kahl  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transportation Planning & Decision Science Group Transportation Systems Research Group Diane Davidson Keith Kahl 865-946-1475 865-946-1236 Center for Transportation Analysis News Oak Ridge National to members of the Kentucky Transportation Cabinet and the Kentucky Transportation Center. The purpose

338

Transportation Planning & Decision Science Group Transportation Systems Research Group Diane Davidson Keith Kahl  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transportation Planning & Decision Science Group Transportation Systems Research Group Diane Davidson Keith Kahl 865-946-1475 865-946-1236 Center for Transportation Analysis News Oak Ridge National of Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle Technology and Prospects for the Future" P.T. Jones ­ "Dynamic Wireless Power

339

Using remote installation services for windows to streamline installations in the UTPB computer science research lab  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Computer Science Research Lab at The University of Texas of the Permian Basin (UTPB) is operated by three part-time student assistants with minimal faculty supervision. This lab supports seven Windows and Sun Solaris servers and approximately thirty ... Keywords: RIS, remote installation, windows

Cherry Owen; Dustin Piper

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Introduction: 2007 Franz Edelman Award for Achievement in Operations Research and the Management Sciences  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This special issue of Interfaces is devoted to the finalists of the 36th annual competition for the Franz Edelman Award for Achievement in Operations Research and the Management Sciences, the profession's prestigious award for the practice of ... Keywords: comments on, professional

Brian Denton; ManMohan S. Sodhi

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanoscale science research" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

The institute for cyber-enabled research: regional organization to promote computation in science  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Institute for Cyber-Enabled Research (iCER) at Michigan State University (MSU) was established in 2009 to coordinate and support multidisciplinary resources for computation and computational sciences. iCER is the home of MSU's centralized High Performance ...

Dirk Colbry, Bill Punch, Wolfgang Bauer

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Characterization, Nanometrology, and Nanoscale ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... a and c) more. Two Graphene Layers May Be Better Than One Release Date: 04/26/2011 Researchers at the National ...

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Chemistry {ampersand} Materials Science program report, Weapons Resarch and Development and Laboratory Directed Research and Development FY96  

SciTech Connect

This report is the annual progress report for the Chemistry Materials Science Program: Weapons Research and Development and Laboratory Directed Research and Development. Twenty-one projects are described separately by their principal investigators.

Chase, L.

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Science Highlights  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science Highlights Science Highlights Print Science Highlights Featured scientific research based on publications resulting from work done at the ALS. Highlights are nominated by...

345

MEMORANDUM OF MUTUAL UNDERSTANDING FOR RESEARCH COOPERATION BETWEEN SCHOOL OF OCEAN & EARTH SCIENCES & TECHNOLOGY (SOEST), UNI  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

AGREEMENT AGREEMENT FOR INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH COOPERATION USING THE EARTH SIMULATOR BETWEEN THE EARTH SIMULATOR CENTER OF JAPAN MARINE SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY CENTER (ESC/JAMSTEC) AND NATIONAL ENERGY RESEARCH SCEINTIFIC COMPUTING (NERSC) CENTER AT LAWRENCE BERKELEY NATIONAL LABORATORY WHEREAS, the Earth Simulator Center of Japan Marine Science and Technology Center (hereinafter referred to as "ESC/JAMSTEC") and the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (hereinafter referred to as "NERSC") desire to cooperate in international research activities in computational science. Cooperation under this Agreement shall be carried out only for peaceful purposes and aforementioned research activities and its results shall not be

346

THERMAL HEAT TRANSPORT AT THE NANO-SCALE LEVEL AND ITS APPLICATION TO NANO-MACHINING.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Nano-manufacturing is receiving significant attention in industry due to the ever-growing interest in nanotechnology in research institutions. It is hypothesized that single-step or direct-write nano-scale (more)

Wong, Basil T.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Magnetoresistance of Nanoscale Molecular Devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are of fundamental nature, leading to the understanding of current-voltage relations. Due to their small flux is how to set up a nanoscale device so that the magnetic field can control the current flowing through it, Jerusalem 91904, Israel Received April 5, 2005 ABSTRACT Affecting the current through a molecular

Rabani, Eran

348

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Basic Energy Sciences Research  

SciTech Connect

The National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) is the leading scientific computing facility supporting research within the Department of Energy's Office of Science. NERSC provides high-performance computing (HPC) resources to approximately 4,000 researchers working on about 400 projects. In addition to hosting large-scale computing facilities, NERSC provides the support and expertise scientists need to effectively and efficiently use HPC systems. In February 2010, NERSC, DOE's Office of Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) and DOE's Office of Basic Energy Sciences (BES) held a workshop to characterize HPC requirements for BES research through 2013. The workshop was part of NERSC's legacy of anticipating users future needs and deploying the necessary resources to meet these demands. Workshop participants reached a consensus on several key findings, in addition to achieving the workshop's goal of collecting and characterizing computing requirements. The key requirements for scientists conducting research in BES are: (1) Larger allocations of computational resources; (2) Continued support for standard application software packages; (3) Adequate job turnaround time and throughput; and (4) Guidance and support for using future computer architectures. This report expands upon these key points and presents others. Several 'case studies' are included as significant representative samples of the needs of science teams within BES. Research teams scientific goals, computational methods of solution, current and 2013 computing requirements, and special software and support needs are summarized in these case studies. Also included are researchers strategies for computing in the highly parallel, 'multi-core' environment that is expected to dominate HPC architectures over the next few years. NERSC has strategic plans and initiatives already underway that address key workshop findings. This report includes a brief summary of those relevant to issues raised by researchers at the workshop.

Gerber, Richard; Wasserman, Harvey

2011-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

349

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Basic Energy Sciences Research  

SciTech Connect

The National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) is the leading scientific computing facility supporting research within the Department of Energy's Office of Science. NERSC provides high-performance computing (HPC) resources to approximately 4,000 researchers working on about 400 projects. In addition to hosting large-scale computing facilities, NERSC provides the support and expertise scientists need to effectively and efficiently use HPC systems. In February 2010, NERSC, DOE's Office of Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) and DOE's Office of Basic Energy Sciences (BES) held a workshop to characterize HPC requirements for BES research through 2013. The workshop was part of NERSC's legacy of anticipating users future needs and deploying the necessary resources to meet these demands. Workshop participants reached a consensus on several key findings, in addition to achieving the workshop's goal of collecting and characterizing computing requirements. The key requirements for scientists conducting research in BES are: (1) Larger allocations of computational resources; (2) Continued support for standard application software packages; (3) Adequate job turnaround time and throughput; and (4) Guidance and support for using future computer architectures. This report expands upon these key points and presents others. Several 'case studies' are included as significant representative samples of the needs of science teams within BES. Research teams scientific goals, computational methods of solution, current and 2013 computing requirements, and special software and support needs are summarized in these case studies. Also included are researchers strategies for computing in the highly parallel, 'multi-core' environment that is expected to dominate HPC architectures over the next few years. NERSC has strategic plans and initiatives already underway that address key workshop findings. This report includes a brief summary of those relevant to issues raised by researchers at the workshop.

Gerber, Richard; Wasserman, Harvey

2011-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

350

Publications and geothermal sample library facilities of the Earth Science Laboratory, University of Utah Research Institute  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Earth Science Laboratory of the University of Utah Research Institute has been involved in research in geothermal exploration and development for the past eleven years. Our work has resulted in the publication of nearly 500 reports, which are listed in this document. Over the years, we have collected drill chip and core samples from more than 180 drill holes in geothermal areas, and most of these samples are available to others for research, exploration and similar purposes. We hope that scientists and engineers involved in industrial geothermal development will find our technology transfer and service efforts helpful.

Wright, Phillip M.; Ruth, Kathryn A.; Langton, David R.; Bullett, Michael J.

1990-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

351

Thermal and Non-thermal Physiochemical Processes in Nanoscale Films of Amorphous Solid Water  

SciTech Connect

Amorphous solid water (ASW) is a metastable form of water created by vapor deposition onto a cold substrate (typically less than 130 K). Since this unusual form of water only exists on earth in laboratories with highly specialized equipment, it is fair to ask why there is any interest in studying this esoteric material. Much of the scientific interest involves using ASW as a model system to explore the physical and reactive properties of liquid water and aqueous solutions. Other researchers are interested in ASW because it is believed to be the predominate form of water in the extreme cold temperatures found in many astrophysical and planetary environments. In addition, ASW is a convenient model system for studying the stability of metastable systems (glasses) and the properties of highly porous materials. A fundamental understanding of such properties has applications in a diverse range of disciplines including cryobiology, food science, pharmaceuticals, astrophysics and nuclear waste storage among others.There exist several excellent reviews on the properties of ASW and supercooled liquid water and a new comprehensive review is beyond the scope of this Account. Instead, we focus on our research over the past 15 years using molecular beams and surface science techniques to probe the thermal and non thermal properties of nanoscale films of ASW. We use molecular beams to precisely control the deposition conditions (flux, incident, energy, incident angle) to create compositionally-tailored, nanoscale films of ASW at low temperatures. To study the transport properties (viscosity, diffusivity), the amorphous films can be heated above their glass transition temperatures, Tg, at which time they transform into deeply supercooled liquids prior to crystallization. The advantage of this approach is that at temperatures near Tg the viscosity is approximately 15 orders of magnitude larger than a normal liquid, and therefore the crystallization kinetics are dramatically slowed, increasing the time available for experiments. For example, near Tg, on a typical laboratory time scale (e.g. {approx}1000 s), a water molecule moves less than a molecular distance. For this reason, nanoscale films help to probe the behavior and reactions of supercooled liquid at these low temperatures. ASW films can be used for investigating the non-thermal reactions relevant to radiolysis. In this account we will present a survey of our research on the thermal and non thermal properties of ASW using this approach.

Smith, R. Scott; Petrik, Nikolay G.; Kimmel, Gregory A.; Kay, Bruce D.

2012-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

352

Experimental Condensed Matter Physics | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Experimental Condensed Matter Physics Experimental Condensed Matter Physics Materials Sciences and Engineering (MSE) Division MSE Home About Research Areas Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) DOE Energy Innovation Hubs BES Funding Opportunities The Computational Materials and Chemical Sciences Network (CMCSN) Theoretical Condensed Matter Physics Scientific Highlights Reports and Activities Principal Investigators' Meetings BES Home Research Areas Experimental Condensed Matter Physics Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page This research area supports experimental condensed matter physics emphasizing the relationship between the electronic structure and the properties of complex materials, often at the nanoscale. The focus is on systems whose behavior derives from strong correlation effects of electrons

353

MIT Plasma Science & Fusion Center: research>alcator>research program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

& Program Information & Program Information Publications & News Meetings & Seminars Contact Information Physics Research High-Energy- Density Physics Waves & Beams Fusion Technology & Engineering Plasma Technology Useful Links Collaborations at Alcator C-Mod Collaborations form an integral and important part of the Alcator C-Mod research effort. Among the major facilities, C-Mod has a relatively small scientific staff, and collaborations provide a high leverage avenue to increase our productivity. Opportunities for collaboration can be found across the entire spectrum of our research activities. Education is a primary mission of MIT, and we particularly welcome and encourage student participation in our program. The Alcator program is centered around the overall theme of: Compact

354

APS, CNM, ANL to Receive $3M for Fuel Cell Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

APS, CNM, ANL to Receive $3M for Fuel Cell Research APS, CNM, ANL to Receive $3M for Fuel Cell Research The funding, from the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Basic Energy Sciences, will be used to study the molecular basis of catalysis, with a particular interest in the oxygen reduction reaction in fuel cells. "We are looking to understand the behavior of oxygen in the low-temperature fuel cell cathodes," said Hoydoo You, leader of the group project. "The project builds on Argonne's scientific strengths, bringing collaboration between physicists and chemists, between theorists and experimentalists." The high-intensity X-rays from the Advanced Photon Source and nanoscale science at the Center for Nanoscale Materials are key enabling resources. The project includes researchers from Argonne's Materials Science,

355

Energy Frontier Research Center, Center for Materials Science of Nuclear Fuels  

SciTech Connect

The Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences, has funded the INL as one of the Energy Frontier Research Centers in the area of material science of nuclear fuels. This document is the required annual report to the Office of Science that outlines the accomplishments for the period of May 2010 through April 2011. The aim of the Center for Material Science of Nuclear Fuels (CMSNF) is to establish the foundation for predictive understanding of the effects of irradiation-induced defects on thermal transport in oxide nuclear fuels. The science driver of the centers investigation is to understand how complex defect and microstructures affect phonon mediated thermal transport in UO2, and achieve this understanding for the particular case of irradiation-induced defects and microstructures. The centers research thus includes modeling and measurement of thermal transport in oxide fuels with different levels of impurities, lattice disorder and irradiation-induced microstructure, as well as theoretical and experimental investigation of the evolution of disorder, stoichiometry and microstructure in nuclear fuel under irradiation. With the premise that thermal transport in irradiated UO2 is a phonon-mediated energy transport process in a crystalline material with defects and microstructure, a step-by-step approach will be utilized to understand the effects of types of defects and microstructures on the collective phonon dynamics in irradiated UO2. Our efforts under the thermal transport thrust involved both measurement of diffusive phonon transport (an approach that integrates over the entire phonon spectrum) and spectroscopic measurements of phonon attenuation/lifetime and phonon dispersion. Our distinct experimental efforts dovetail with our modeling effort involving atomistic simulation of phonon transport and prediction of lattice thermal conductivity using the Boltzmann transport framework.

Todd R. Allen, Director

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Environmental Science and Research Foundation, Inc. annual technical report: Calendar year 1997  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Annual Technical Report describes work conducted for the Department of Energy, Idaho Operations Office (DOE-ID), by the Environmental Science and Research Foundation (Foundation). The Foundation`s mission to DOE-ID provides support in several key areas. The Foundation conducts an environmental monitoring and surveillance program over an area covering much of the upper Snake River Plain, and provides environmental education and support services related to Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) natural resource issues. Also, the Foundation, with its University Affiliates, conducts ecological and radioecological research on the Idaho National Environmental Research Park. This research benefits major DOE-ID programs including Waste Management, Environmental Restoration, Spent Nuclear Fuels, and Land Management Issues. Summaries are included of the individual research projects.

Reynolds, R.D.; Warren, R.W. [eds.

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Communicating the Science of the Low  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Communicating the Science of the Low Dose Radiation Research Program Communicating the Science of the Low Dose Radiation Research Program Authors: John S. Wassom, Elizabeth T. Owens, Sheryl A. Martin, Amy K. Wolfe, Margaret K. Lyday,* and Susan L. Dimmick** Institutions: Oak Ridge National Laboratory, *Keener Communications, and the **University of Tennessee Graduate School of Medicine. Summary The project team developed a communications plan based on an explicit communications strategy. The plan presents a set of strategic goals, identifies categories of stakeholders relevant to the program, and suggests methods that can be used to achieve strategic goals and reach targeted stakeholders. Context is key to the communication plan. Providing contextual information about low dose radiation, radiation biology, and Low Dose Radiation

358

Education program at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology research reactor for pre-college science teachers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Pre-College Science Teacher (PCST) Seminar program has been in place at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Nuclear Reactor Laboratory for 4 yr. The purpose of the PCST program is to educate teachers in nuclear technology and to show teachers, and through them the community, the types of activities performed at research reactors. This paper describes the background, content, and results of the MIT PCST program.

Hopkins, G.R.; Fecych, W.; Harling, O.K.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

ORNL Neutron Sciences Instruments  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Instruments banner Instruments banner ORNL Neutron Sciences Instruments SNS and HFIR provide researchers with two complementary world-class suites of neutron scattering instruments and beam lines. All the instruments are supported by a variety of sample environments and data analysis and visualization capabilities. Before submitting a proposal for a specific instrument, please contact the appropriate instrument scientist to make sure your research is feasible for that instrument. Instruments Currently Available to Users SNS Beam Line Instrument Name HFIR Beam Line Instrument Name 1B NOMAD Nanoscale-Ordered Materials Diffractometer CG-1 Development Beam Line 2 BASIS Backscattering Spectrometer CG-1D IMAGING Neutron Imaging Prototype Facility 3 SNAP Spallation Neutrons and Pressure Diffractometer CG-2 GP-SANS

360

Environmental Science and Research Foundation. Annual technical report, April 11, 1994--December 31, 1994  

SciTech Connect

This Annual Technical Report describes work conducted for the Department of Energy, Idaho Operations Office, by the Environmental Science and Research Foundation (Foundation) for work under contract DE-AC07-94ID13268. The Foundation began, on April 11, 1994, to conduct environmental surveillance near to and distant from the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, provide environmental public relations and education related to INEL natural resource issues, and conduct ecological and radioecological research benefiting major DOE-ID programs including Waste Management, Environmental Restoration, Spent Nuclear Fuels, and Infrastructure.

Reynolds, T.D.; Morris, R.C.; Markham, O.D. [eds.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanoscale science research" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Environmental Science and Research Foundation annual technical report: Calendar year 1996  

SciTech Connect

This Annual Technical Report describes work conducted for the Department of Energy, Idaho Operations Office (DOE-ID), by the Environmental Science and Research Foundation (Foundation). The Foundation`s mission to DOE-ID provides support in several key areas. The authors conduct an environmental monitoring and surveillance program over an area covering much of the upper Snake River Plain, and provide environmental education and support services related to Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) natural resource issues. Also, the Foundation, with its University Affiliates, conducts ecological and radioecological research in the Idaho National Environmental Research Park. This research benefits major DOE-ID programs including Waste Management, Environmental Restoration, Spent Nuclear Fuels, and Land Management Issues. The major accomplishments of the Foundation and its University Affiliates during the calendar year 1996 are discussed.

Morris, R.C.; Blew, R.D. [eds.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

U.S, Department of Energy's Bioenergy Research Centers An Overview of the Science  

SciTech Connect

Alternative fuels from renewable cellulosic biomass--plant stalks, trunks, stems, and leaves--are expected to significantly reduce U.S. dependence on imported oil while enhancing national energy security and decreasing the environmental impacts of energy use. Ethanol and other advanced biofuels from cellulosic biomass are renewable alternatives that could increase domestic production of transportation fuels, revitalize rural economies, and reduce carbon dioxide and pollutant emissions. According to U.S. Secretary of Energy Steven Chu, 'Developing the next generation of biofuels is key to our effort to end our dependence on foreign oil and address the climate crisis while creating millions of new jobs that can't be outsourced'. In the United States, the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007 is an important driver for the sustainable development of renewable biofuels. As part of EISA, the Renewable Fuel Standard mandates that 36 billion gallons of biofuels are to be produced annually by 2022, of which 16 billion gallons are expected to come from cellulosic feedstocks. Although cellulosic ethanol production has been demonstrated on a pilot level, developing a cost-effective, commercial-scale cellulosic biofuel industry will require transformational science to significantly streamline current production processes. Woodchips, grasses, cornstalks, and other cellulosic biomass are widely abundant but more difficult to break down into sugars than corn grain--the primary source of U.S. ethanol fuel production today. Biological research is key to accelerating the deconstruction of cellulosic biomass into sugars that can be converted to biofuels. The Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science continues to play a major role in inspiring, supporting, and guiding the biotechnology revolution over the past 25 years. The DOE Genomic Science Program is advancing a new generation of research focused on achieving whole-systems understanding for biology. This program is bringing together scientists in diverse fields to understand the complex biology underlying solutions to DOE missions in energy production, environmental remediation, and climate change science. New interdisciplinary research communities are emerging, as are knowledgebases and scientific and computational resources critical to advancing large-scale, genome-based biology. To focus the most advanced biotechnology-based resources on the biological challenges of biofuel production, DOE established three Bioenergy Research Centers (BRCs) in September 2007. Each center is pursuing the basic research underlying a range of high-risk, high-return biological solutions for bioenergy applications. Advances resulting from the BRCs will provide the knowledge needed to develop new biobased products, methods, and tools that the emerging biofuel industry can use. The scientific rationale for these centers and for other fundamental genomic research critical to the biofuel industry was established at a DOE workshop involving members of the research community (see sidebar, Biofuel Research Plan, below). The DOE BRCs have developed automated, high-throughput analysis pipelines that will accelerate scientific discovery for biology-based biofuel research. The three centers, which were selected through a scientific peer-review process, are based in geographically diverse locations--the Southeast, the Midwest, and the West Coast--with partners across the nation. DOE's Oak Ridge National Laboratory leads the BioEnergy Science Center (BESC) in Tennessee; the University of Wisconsin-Madison leads the Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center (GLBRC); and DOE's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory leads the DOE Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI) in California. Each center represents a multidisciplinary partnership with expertise spanning the physical and biological sciences, including genomics, microbial and plant biology, analytical chemistry, computational biology and bioinformatics, and engineering. Institutional partners include DOE national laboratories, universities, private companies,

None

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

U.S, Department of Energy's Bioenergy Research Centers An Overview of the Science  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Alternative fuels from renewable cellulosic biomass--plant stalks, trunks, stems, and leaves--are expected to significantly reduce U.S. dependence on imported oil while enhancing national energy security and decreasing the environmental impacts of energy use. Ethanol and other advanced biofuels from cellulosic biomass are renewable alternatives that could increase domestic production of transportation fuels, revitalize rural economies, and reduce carbon dioxide and pollutant emissions. According to U.S. Secretary of Energy Steven Chu, 'Developing the next generation of biofuels is key to our effort to end our dependence on foreign oil and address the climate crisis while creating millions of new jobs that can't be outsourced'. In the United States, the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007 is an important driver for the sustainable development of renewable biofuels. As part of EISA, the Renewable Fuel Standard mandates that 36 billion gallons of biofuels are to be produced annually by 2022, of which 16 billion gallons are expected to come from cellulosic feedstocks. Although cellulosic ethanol production has been demonstrated on a pilot level, developing a cost-effective, commercial-scale cellulosic biofuel industry will require transformational science to significantly streamline current production processes. Woodchips, grasses, cornstalks, and other cellulosic biomass are widely abundant but more difficult to break down into sugars than corn grain--the primary source of U.S. ethanol fuel production today. Biological research is key to accelerating the deconstruction of cellulosic biomass into sugars that can be converted to biofuels. The Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science continues to play a major role in inspiring, supporting, and guiding the biotechnology revolution over the past 25 years. The DOE Genomic Science Program is advancing a new generation of research focused on achieving whole-systems understanding for biology. This program is bringing together scientists in diverse fields to understand the complex biology underlying solutions to DOE missions in energy production, environmental remediation, and climate change science. New interdisciplinary research communities are emerging, as are knowledgebases and scientific and computational resources critical to advancing large-scale, genome-based biology. To focus the most advanced biotechnology-based resources on the biological challenges of biofuel production, DOE established three Bioenergy Research Centers (BRCs) in September 2007. Each center is pursuing the basic research underlying a range of high-risk, high-return biological solutions for bioenergy applications. Advances resulting from the BRCs will provide the knowledge needed to develop new biobased products, methods, and tools that the emerging biofuel industry can use. The scientific rationale for these centers and for other fundamental genomic research critical to the biofuel industry was established at a DOE workshop involving members of the research community (see sidebar, Biofuel Research Plan, below). The DOE BRCs have developed automated, high-throughput analysis pipelines that will accelerate scientific discovery for biology-based biofuel research. The three centers, which were selected through a scientific peer-review process, are based in geographically diverse locations--the Southeast, the Midwest, and the West Coast--with partners across the nation. DOE's Oak Ridge National Laboratory leads the BioEnergy Science Center (BESC) in Tennessee; the University of Wisconsin-Madison leads the Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center (GLBRC); and DOE's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory leads the DOE Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI) in California. Each center represents a multidisciplinary partnership with expertise spanning the physical and biological sciences, including genomics, microbial and plant biology, analytical chemistry, computational biology and bioinformatics, and engineering. Institutional partners include DOE national laboratories, universities, private companies,

None

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Energy Frontier Research Center Materials Science of Actinides (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)  

SciTech Connect

'Energy Frontier Research Center Materials Science of Actinides' was submitted by the EFRC for Materials Science of Actinides (MSA) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. MSA is directed by Peter Burns at the University of Notre Dame, and is a partnership of scientists from ten institutions.The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges.

Burns, Peter (Director, Materials Science of Actinides); MSA Staff

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Fusion Nuclear Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nuclear Systems Modeling, Simulation & Validation Nuclear Systems Technology Reactor Technology Nuclear Science Home | Science & Discovery | Nuclear Science | Research...

366

Pacific Northwest Laboratory annual report for 1993 to the DOE Office of Energy Research. Part 2: Environmental sciences  

SciTech Connect

This 1993 Annual Report from Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) to the US DOE describes research in environment and health conducted during fiscal year (FY) 1993. The report is divided into four parts, each in a separate volume. This part, Volume 2, covers Environmental Sciences. The research is directed toward developing a fundamental understanding of subsurface and terrestrial systems as a basis for both managing these critical resources and addressing environmental problems such as environmental restoration and global change. There are sections on Subsurface Science, Terrestrial Science, Technology Transfer, Interactions with Educational Institutions, and Laboratory Directed Research and Development.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

The Evolution of Research and Education Networks and their Essential Role in Modern Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

across several SC Science Offices, and these problems mustUS Dept. of Energy, Office of Science, Advanced Scientificby the Director, Office of Science, Office of Advanced

Chaniotakis, E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Engaging women in computer science and engineering: Insights from a national study of undergraduate research experiences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

women graduate students in computer science and engineering.the undergraduate curriculum in computer science: Where doEncouraging women in computer Science. SIGCE Bulletin, 24 (

Kim, Karen; Fann, Amy; Misa-Escalante, Kimberly

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Science for Energy Technology: Strengthening the Link Between Basic Research and Industry  

SciTech Connect

The nation faces two severe challenges that will determine our prosperity for decades to come: assuring clean, secure, and sustainable energy to power our world, and establishing a new foundation for enduring economic and jobs growth. These challenges are linked: the global demand for clean sustainable energy is an unprecedented economic opportunity for creating jobs and exporting energy technology to the developing and developed world. But achieving the tremendous potential of clean energy technology is not easy. In contrast to traditional fossil fuel-based technologies, clean energy technologies are in their infancy, operating far below their potential, with many scientific and technological challenges to overcome. Industry is ultimately the agent for commercializing clean energy technology and for reestablishing the foundation for our economic and jobs growth. For industry to succeed in these challenges, it must overcome many roadblocks and continuously innovate new generations of renewable, sustainable, and low-carbon energy technologies such as solar energy, carbon sequestration, nuclear energy, electricity delivery and efficiency, solid state lighting, batteries and biofuels. The roadblocks to higher performing clean energy technology are not just challenges of engineering design but are also limited by scientific understanding.Innovation relies on contributions from basic research to bridge major gaps in our understanding of the phenomena that limit efficiency, performance, or lifetime of the materials or chemistries of these sustainable energy technologies. Thus, efforts aimed at understanding the scientific issues behind performance limitations can have a real and immediate impact on cost, reliability, and performance of technology, and ultimately a transformative impact on our economy. With its broad research base and unique scientific user facilities, the DOE Office of Basic Energy Sciences (BES) is ideally positioned to address these needs. BES has laid out a broad view of the basic and grand challenge science needs for the development of future clean energy technologies in a series of comprehensive 'Basic Research Needs' workshops and reports (inside front cover and http://www.sc.doe.gov/bes/reports/list.html) and has structured its programs and launched initiatives to address the challenges. The basic science needs of industry, however, are often more narrowly focused on solving specific nearer-term roadblocks to progress in existing and emerging clean energy technologies. To better define these issues and identify specific barriers to progress, the Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee (BESAC) sponsored the Workshop on Science for Energy Technology, January 18-21, 2010. A wide cross-section of scientists and engineers from industry, universities, and national laboratories delineated the basic science Priority Research Directions most urgently needed to address the roadblocks and accelerate the innovation of clean energy technologies. These Priority Research Directions address the scientific understanding underlying performance limitations in existing but still immature technologies. Resolving these performance limitations can dramatically improve the commercial penetration of clean energy technologies. A key conclusion of the Workshop is that in addition to the decadal challenges defined in the 'Basic Research Needs' reports, specific research directions addressing industry roadblocks are ripe for further emphasis. Another key conclusion is that identifying and focusing on specific scientific challenges and translating the results to industry requires more direct feedback and communication and collaboration between industrial and BES-supported scientists. BES-supported scientists need to be better informed of the detailed scientific issues facing industry, and industry more aware of BES capabilities and how to utilize them. An important capability is the suite of BES scientific user facilities, which are seen as playing a key role in advancing the science of clean energy technology.

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Submission House of Representatives Standing Committee on Industry, Science and Innovation Inquiry into Research Training and Research Workforce Issues in Australian Universities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The contribution that Australian universities make to research training in Australia a) Contribution of research training programs to Australias competitiveness in the areas of science, research and innovation Australian universities are clearly the primary research training platform in regards to science, research and innovation. Commonwealth research training scheme funding is accessed by The University of Notre Dame Australia (UNDA) to provide, primarily, relief from tuition fees for higher degree by research students. Only a very minimal amount of RTS funding is used to fund skills acquisition and professional development for research active staff and students at UNDA. Other programs within UNDA that are linked to RTS include a limited injection of funding into student research project costs and general research capacity building. UNDA has undergone a sustained growth in its research student population; our enrolled research students have increased seven-fold between 2002 and 2008. RTS funding has significantly supported this growth and, as a result, the capacity to support research in other ways has remained limited. One example of where the University has achieved success on a limited budget has been in the implementation of a Research Incentive Scheme that rewards research output and acts as a catalyst for future research initiatives. In the context of seeking to achieve excellence in niche research UNDA has expanded its research program in the

unknown authors

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Available Technologies: Improving the Efficiency of Nanoscale ...  

Alex Zettl, Jeffrey Grossman, and colleagues at Berkeley Lab have developed several approaches for improving the conversion efficiency of nanoscale photovoltaic devices.

372

Nanoscale Characterization of Polymer Precursor Derived Silicon ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Nano-scale mechanical properties of silicon carbide derived ... Carbon Fiber Reinforced Ultra-High-Temperature Ceramic Matrix Composites.

373

Nanoscale Heat Transfer: from Computation to Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heat transfer can differ distinctly at the nanoscale from that at the macroscale. Recent advancement in computational and experimental techniques has enabled a large number of interesting observations and understanding of heat transfer processes at the nanoscale. In this review, we will first discuss recent advances in computational and experimental methods used in nanoscale thermal transport studies, followed by reviews of novel thermal transport phenomena at the nanoscale observed in both computational and experimental studies, and discussion on current understanding of these novel phenomena. Our perspectives on challenges and opportunities on computational and experimental methods are also presented.

Luo, Tengfei

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Nanoscale Chemical Imaging of a Working Catalyst  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

from electron microscopy to identify the chemical species present for an iron-based Fischer-Tropsch synthesis catalyst and to image their distribution on the nanoscale. When...

375

Catalysis on the Nanoscale: Preparation, Characterization and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Catalysis on the Nanoscale: Preparation, Characterization and Reactivity of Metal-Based Nanostructures The purpose of this program is to explore and manipulate the size, morphology...

376

Seminar Announcement Nanoscale High Field Chemistry with the Atomic Force Microscope and Patterning January 15, 2009  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SEMINAR SEMINAR ANNOUNCMENT Thursday, January 15, 2009 11:00am - 12:00 noon EMSL Boardroom Nanoscale High Field Chemistry With the Atomic Force Microscope and Patterning Marco Rolandi Assistant Professor Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 Facile and affordable processes for the fabrication of nanostructures are fundamental to future endeavors in nanoscale science and engineering. The atomic force microscope was designed primarily for imaging, and has evolved into a versatile tool for nanoscale surface modification. We have developed an AFM based scheme capable of direct writing of glassy carbon nanowires as fast as 1 cm/s. In brief, when a bias is applied across the tip-sample gap a molecular precursor undergoes high field reactions that result in the deposition of a cross- linked product on the surface. In order to gain a

377

MEIS: Molecular Environmental & Interface Science  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

People People BL 11-2 Reports &Publications Model Compound Library SixPACK Glitch Curves MES User Resources & Instrumentation Environmental Remediation Science at SSRL MEIS Home SSRL Stanford EMSI SLAC Beam line resources and instrumentation Fundamental and applied research Why synchrotrons for environmental science? Molecular Environmental Science (MES) research at SSRL focuses on the fundamental interfacial, molecular- and nano-scale processes that control contaminant and nutrient cycling in the biosphere with the goal of elucidating global elemental cycles and anthropogenic influences on the environment. Key areas of investigation include the: (a) Structural chemistry of water and dissolved solutes, (b) Structural chemistry and reactivity of complex natural environmental materials with respect to heavy

378

Los Alamos Life Sciences Division's biomedical and environmental research programs. Progress report, January-December 1980  

SciTech Connect

Highlights of research progress accomplished in the Life Sciences Division during the year ending December 1980 are summarized. Reports from the following groups are included: Toxicology, Biophysics, Genetics; Environmental Pathology, Organic Chemistry, and Environmental Sciences. Individual abstracts have been prepared for 46 items for inclusion in the Energy Data Base. (RJC)

Holland, L.M.; Stafford, C.G.; Bolen, S.K. (comps.)

1981-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Argonne TDC: Physical Sciences  

Emergency Response. Engineering. Environmental Research. Fuel Cells. Imaging Technology. Material Science. Nanotechnology. Physical Sciences. Sensor ...

380

Letter to Science from Michael Wang, Center for Transportation Research, Argonne National Laboratory  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Letter to Science (Original version submitted to Science on Feb. 14 th , 2008; revised on March 14 th , 2008) Michael Wang Center for Transportation Research Argonne National Laboratory Zia Haq Office of Biomass Program Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy U.S. Department of Energy The article by Searchinger et al. in Sciencexpress ("Use of U.S. Croplands for Biofuels Increases Greenhouse Gases through Emissions from Land Use Change," February 7, 2008) provides a timely discussion of fuel ethanol's effects on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions when taking into account GHG emissions from potential land use changes induced by ethanol production. Land use change issues associated with biofuels were explored in life-cycle analyses beginning

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanoscale science research" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

MEEM | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

MEEM MEEM Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers Research Science Highlights News & Events Publications Contact BES Home Centers MEEM Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Molecularly Engineered Energy Materials (MEEM) Director(s): Vidvuds Ozolins Lead Institution: University of California, Los Angeles Mission: To acquire fundamental understanding and control of nanoscale materials for solar energy generation and electrical energy storage. Research Topics: solar (photovoltaic), energy storage (including batteries and capacitors), charge transport, membrane, materials and chemistry by design, synthesis (novel materials), synthesis (self-assembly), synthesis (scalable processing) Materials Studied: MATERIALS: semiconductor, organic semiconductor, metal, oxide, polymer,

382

FIRST | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FIRST FIRST Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers Research Science Highlights News & Events Publications Contact BES Home Centers FIRST Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Fluid Interface Reactions, Structures and Transport Center (FIRST) Director(s): David J. Wesolowski Lead Institution: Oak Ridge National Laboratory Mission: To develop fundamental understanding and validated, predictive models of the unique nanoscale environment at fluid-solid interfaces that will enable transformative advances in electrical energy storage and catalysis for energy. Research Topics: catalysis (heterogeneous), solar (fuels), energy storage (including batteries and capacitors), hydrogen and fuel cells, electrodes - solar, mechanical behavior, charge transport, materials and chemistry by design,

383

CEEM | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CEEM CEEM Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers Research Science Highlights News & Events Publications Contact BES Home Centers CEEM Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Center for Energy Efficient Materials (CEEM) Director(s): John Bowers Lead Institution: University of California, Santa Barbara Mission: To discover and develop materials that control the interactions among light, electricity, and heat at the nanoscale for improved solar energy conversion, solid-state lighting, and conversion of heat into electricity. Research Topics: solar (photovoltaic), solid state lighting, phonons, thermoelectric, bio-inspired, energy storage (including batteries and capacitors), electrodes - solar, defects, charge transport, materials and chemistry by

384

Condensed Matter Physics & Materials Science Department, Brookhaven  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

People People Facilities Publications Presentations Organizational Chart Other Information Basic Energy Sciences Directorate BNL Site Index Can't View PDFs? :: Next CMPMS Seminar There are no seminars scheduled at this time. Advanced Energy Materials Group We study both the microscopic and macroscopic properties of complex and nano-structured materials with a view to understanding and developing their application in different energy related technologies Group Leader: Qiang Li Condensed Matter Physics and Materials Science Department Brookhaven National Laboratory Upton, New York 11973-5000 (631) 344-4490 qiangli@bnl.gov AEM group news: Current research topics include: Superconducting Materials Nano-scale Materials (S. Wong) Applied Superconductivity Thermoelectric Materials

385

Material's Properties Control by Nano-Scale Surface Functionalization...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Material's Properties Control by Nano-Scale Surface Functionalization Material's Properties Control by Nano-Scale Surface Functionalization Theme We aim at developing an original...

386

Scientists use world's fastest computer to simulate nanoscale...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nanoscale material failure Scientists use world's fastest computer to simulate nanoscale material failure With this new tool, scientists can better study what nanowires do under...

387

Nuclear reactor and materials science research: Technical report, May 1, 1985-September 30, 1986  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Throughout the 17-month period of its grant, May 1, 1985-September 30, 1986, the MIT Research Reactor (MITR-II) was operated in support of research and academic programs in the physical and life sciences and in related engineering fields. The reactor was operated 4115 hours during FY 1986 and for 6080 hours during the entire 17-month period, an average of 82 hours per week. Utilization of the reactor during that period may be classified as follows: neutron beam tube research; nuclear materials research and development; radiochemistry and trace analysis; nuclear medicine; radiation health physics; computer control of reactors; dose reduction in nuclear power reactors; reactor irradiations and services for groups outside MIT; MIT Research Reactor. Data on the above utilization for FY 1986 show that the MIT Nuclear Reactor Laboratory (NRL) engaged in joint activities with nine academic departments and interdepartmental laboratories at MIT, the Charles Stark Draper Laboratory in Cambridge, and 22 other universities and nonprofit research institutions, such as teaching hospitals.

Not Available

1987-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

388

Nuclear reactor and materials science research: Final technical report, May 1, 1985-September 30, 1986. [Academic and research utilization of reactor  

SciTech Connect

Throughout the 17-month period of the grant, May 1, 1985 - September 30, 1986, the MIT Research Reactor (MITR-II) was operated in support of research and academic programs in the physical and life sciences and in related engineering fields. The period encompassed MIT's fiscal year utilization of the reactor during that period may be classified as follows: neutron beam tube research, nuclear materials research and development, radiochemistry and trace analysis, nuclear medicine, radiation health physics, computer control of reactors, dose reduction in nuclear power reactors, reactor irradiations and services for groups outside MIT, and MIT research reactor. This paper provides detailed information on this research academic utilization.

Harling, O.K.

1987-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

389

Probabilistic neural computing with advanced nanoscale MOSFETs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of intrinsic nanoscale MOSFET noise for probabilistic computation is explored, using the continuous restricted Boltzmann machine (CRBM), a probabilistic neural model, as the exemplar architecture. The CRBM is modified by localising noise in its ... Keywords: Nanoscale MOSFET noise, Neuromorphic VLSI systems, Probabilistic computing

Nor Hisham Hamid; Tong Boon Tang; Alan F. Murray

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Argonne Chemical Sciences & Engineering - National Security ...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Security Home National Security - Nanoscale Engineering Super-absorbent gel Using this spray-on, super-absorbent gel and engineered nanoparticles, Argonne researchers are...

391

DOE Science Showcase - Metamaterials | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

DOE Science Showcase - Metamaterials DOE Science Showcase - Metamaterials Metamaterials are a new class of artificially-structured materials that provides the ability to manipulate the flow of electromagnetic energy in ways that are not achievable with natural materials. These materials represent a new frontier in materials science. For more information about new devices being developed with these metamaterials, see In the OSTI Collections: Metamaterials, by Dr. William Watson, Physicist, OSTI staff. Metamaterial Optical Cavities Image credit: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory First 3-D nanoscale optical cavities from metamaterials, Eureka Alert Improving on the amazing: Ames Laboratory scientists seek new conductors for metamaterials, Ames Laboratory Related Metamaterials research results documents from DOE Databases

392

X-rays and Neutrons: Essential Tools for Nanoscience Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

on Nanoscale Science, Engineering and Technology (NSET) and the National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI). Go To Top Summary Virtually all of the grand challenges in...

393

BER Science Network Requirements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Advancedthe Directors of the Office of Science, Office of AdvancedResearch, DOE Office of Science Energy Sciences Network

Dart, Eli

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

ASCR Science Network Requirements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computing Research, DOE Office of Science Energy SciencesDepartment of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Advancedthe Directors of the Office of Science, Office of Advanced

Dart, Eli

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

NREL: Energy Sciences - Klara Maturova  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Klara Maturova Klara Maturova Postdoctoral Researcher Photo of Klara Maturova Phone: (303) 384-7909 Email: klara.maturova@nrel.gov At NREL Since: 2010 Dr. Klara Maturova joined the Chemical and Nanoscale Science Group at NREL in April 2010. Dr. Maturova obtained her M.Sc. degree (cum laude) in July 2005 at the Brno University of Technology, Czech Republic. She did research in the field of scanning probe microscopy and surface plasmon polaritons in the Solid State Physics and Surfaces Group. During her master study, she interned at the Eindhoven University of Technology in The Netherlands, where she researched fullerene molecules on graphite and diamond surfaces. One year later, she bacame a Ph.D. student in Eindhoven's Molecular Materials and Nanosystems Group under the supervision of M. Kemerink and R.

396

1992 annual report on scientific programs: A broad research program on the sciences of complexity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In 1992 the Santa Fe Institute hosted more than 100 short- and long-term research visitors who conducted a total of 212 person-months of residential research in complex systems. To date this 1992 work has resulted in more than 50 SFI Working Papers and nearly 150 publications in the scientific literature. The Institute`s book series in the sciences of complexity continues to grow, now numbering more than 20 volumes. The fifth annual complex systems summer school brought nearly 60 graduate students and postdoctoral fellows to Santa Fe for an intensive introduction to the field. Research on complex systems-the focus of work at SFI-involves an extraordinary range of topics normally studied in seemingly disparate fields. Natural systems displaying complex adaptive behavior range upwards from DNA through cells and evolutionary systems to human societies. Research models exhibiting complex behavior include spin glasses, cellular automata, and genetic algorithms. Some of the major questions facing complex systems researchers are: (1) explaining how complexity arises from the nonlinear interaction of simple components; (2) describing the mechanisms underlying high-level aggregate behavior of complex systems (such as the overt behavior of an organism, the flow of energy in an ecology, the GNP of an economy); and (3) creating a theoretical framework to enable predictions about the likely behavior of such systems in various conditions.

Not Available

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

397

SUMMAR OF DISCUSSIONS OF USES OF THE ADVANCED LIGHT SOURCE (ALS) FOR EARTH SCIENCES RESEARCH: WORKSHOP REPORT OF THE ALS USERS' ASSOCIATION ANNUAL MEETING, LAWRENCE BERKELEY LABORATORY, BERKELEY,CA, JUNE 2-3, 1988  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Advanced Light Source (ALS) for Earth Sciences Research:Workshop Report of the ALS Users' Association Annual Meetingthe Advanced Light Source (ALS) for Earth Sciences Research:

Dillard, J.; Wallenberg, H.; Perry, D.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Pacific Northwest Laboratory annual report for 1992 to the DOE Office of Energy Research. Part 2, Environmental sciences  

SciTech Connect

The 1992 Annual Report from Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) to the US Department of Energy (DOE) describes research in environment and health conducted during fiscal year 1992. This report consists of four volumes oriented to particular segments of the PNL program, describing research performed for the DOE Office of Health and Environmental Research in the Office of Energy Research. The parts of the 1992 Annual Report are: Biomedical Sciences; Environmental Sciences; Atmospheric Sciences; and Physical Sciences. This Report is Part 2: Environmental Sciences. Included in this report are developments in Subsurface Science, Terrestrial Science, Laboratory-Directed Research and Development, Interactions with Educational Institutions, Technology Transfer, Publications, and Presentations. The research is directed toward developing a fundamental understanding of subsurface and terrestrial systems as a basis for both managing these critical resources and addressing environmental problems such as environmental restoration and global change. The Technology Transfer section of this report describes a number of examples in which fundamental research is laying the groundwork for the technology needed to resolve important environmental problems. The Interactions with Educational Institutions section of the report illustrates the results of a long-term, proactive program to make PNL facilities available for university and preuniversity education and to involve educational institutions in research programs. The areas under investigation include the effect of geochemical and physical phenomena on the diversity and function of microorganisms in deep subsurface environments, ways to address subsurface heterogeneity, and ways to determine the key biochemical and physiological pathways (and DNA markers) that control nutrient, water, and energy dynamics in arid ecosystems and the response of these systems to disturbance and climatic change.

Grove, L.K. [ed.; Wildung, R.E.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

EA-0921; Environmental Assessment and FONSI Ambulatory Research and Education Center, Oregon Health Sciences University  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

21; Environmental Assessment and FONSI Ambulatory Research 21; Environmental Assessment and FONSI Ambulatory Research and Education Center, Oregon Health Sciences University TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.0 DOCUMENT SUMMARY 2.0 PURPOSE AND NEED 3.0 DESCRIPTION OF ALTERNATIVES INCLUDING THE PROPOSED ACTION 3.1 Proposed Action 3.2 Project Description 3.2.1 Construction Activities 3.2.2 Operations Activities 3.3 No Action Alternative 3.4 Site Alternatives 4.0 AFFECTED ENVIRONMENT 5.0 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS 5.1 Construction 5.1.1 Sensitive Resources 5.1.1.1 Historic/Archeological Resources 5.1.1.2 Federal/State-Listed or Proposed Protected Species or Critical Habitats 5.1.1.3 Flood Plains/Wetlands 5.1.1.4 National Forest, Parks, Trails, etc. 5.1.1.5 Prime Farmland 5.1.1.6 Special Sources of Water

400

Bioscience Research @ LANL LA-UR-13-23186 Bioenergy and Biome Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bioscience Research @ LANL Bioscience Research @ LANL LA-UR-13-23186 Bioenergy and Biome Sciences Making fuel from plants and algae Algae naturally produce oil, which is the basis of diesel fuel, but can also be converted to other kinds of fuel. Scientists at Los Alamos are studying which types of algae are best for fuel production, how to make them grow faster and produce more lipids, and also how to extract the algae from the water in which they live. Read more about algae: Fuel can also be made from other plants by taking apart cellulose-the material in their leaves and stalks. Cellulose is very strong and complex, though, and scientists at Los Alamos are working hard to determine how to break it down

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanoscale science research" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

COMPUTATIONAL SCIENCE CENTER  

SciTech Connect

Computational Science is an integral component of Brookhaven's multi science mission, and is a reflection of the increased role of computation across all of science. Brookhaven currently has major efforts in data storage and analysis for the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) and the ATLAS detector at CERN, and in quantum chromodynamics. The Laboratory is host for the QCDOC machines (quantum chromodynamics on a chip), 10 teraflop/s computers which boast 12,288 processors each. There are two here, one for the Riken/BNL Research Center and the other supported by DOE for the US Lattice Gauge Community and other scientific users. A 100 teraflop/s supercomputer will be installed at Brookhaven in the coming year, managed jointly by Brookhaven and Stony Brook, and funded by a grant from New York State. This machine will be used for computational science across Brookhaven's entire research program, and also by researchers at Stony Brook and across New York State. With Stony Brook, Brookhaven has formed the New York Center for Computational Science (NYCCS) as a focal point for interdisciplinary computational science, which is closely linked to Brookhaven's Computational Science Center (CSC). The CSC has established a strong program in computational science, with an emphasis on nanoscale electronic structure and molecular dynamics, accelerator design, computational fluid dynamics, medical imaging, parallel computing and numerical algorithms. We have been an active participant in DOES SciDAC program (Scientific Discovery through Advanced Computing). We are also planning a major expansion in computational biology in keeping with Laboratory initiatives. Additional laboratory initiatives with a dependence on a high level of computation include the development of hydrodynamics models for the interpretation of RHIC data, computational models for the atmospheric transport of aerosols, and models for combustion and for energy utilization. The CSC was formed to bring together researchers in these areas and to provide a focal point for the development of computational expertise at the Laboratory. These efforts will connect to and support the Department of Energy's long range plans to provide Leadership class computing to researchers throughout the Nation. Recruitment for six new positions at Stony Brook to strengthen its computational science programs is underway. We expect some of these to be held jointly with BNL.

DAVENPORT, J.

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Pacific Northwest Laboratory annual report for 1993 to the DOE Office of Energy Research. Part 1: Biomedical Sciences  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes FY 1993 progress in biological and general life sciences research programs conducted for the Department of Energy`s Office of Health and Environmental REsearch (OHER) at Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL). This research provides knowledge of fundamental principles necessary to identify, understand, and anticipate the long-term health consequences of exposure to energy-related radiation and chemicals. The Biological Research section contains reports of studies using laboratory animals, in vitro cell systems, and molecular biological systems. This research includes studies of the impact of radiation, radionuclides, and chemicals on biological responses at all levels of biological organization. The General Life Sciences Research section reports research conducted for the OHER human genome program.

Lumetta, C.C. [ed.; Park, J.F.

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Fusion Energy Sciences Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Sciences 8.2.3.4 Computational and Storage Energy Sciences 13.1.1.4 Computational and Storage Energy Sciences 8.2.4.4 Computational and Storage

Gerber, Richard

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Inverse Design: Playing "Jeopardy" in Materials Science (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

'Inverse Design: Playing 'Jeopardy' in Materials Science' was submitted by the Center for Inverse Design (CID) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. CID, an EFRC directed by Bill Tumas at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory is a partnership of scientists from five institutions: NREL (lead), Northwestern University, University of Colorado, Stanford University, and Oregon State University. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of the Center for Inverse Design is 'to replace trial-and-error methods used in the development of materials for solar energy conversion with an inverse design approach powered by theory and computation.' Research topics are: solar photovoltaic, photonic, metamaterial, defects, spin dynamics, matter by design, novel materials synthesis, and defect tolerant materials.

Alex Zunger (former Director, Center for Inverse Design); Tumas, Bill (Director, Center for Inverse Design); CID Staff

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Advanced Resources for Catalysis Science; Recommendations for a National Catalysis Research Institute  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Catalysis is one of the most valuable contributors to our economy and historically an area where the United States has enjoyed, but is now losing, international leadership. While other countries are stepping up their work in this area, support for advanced catalysis research and development in the U.S. has diminished. Yet, more than ever, innovative and improved catalyst technologies are imperative for new energy production processes to ease our dependence on imported resources, for new energy-efficient and environmentally benign chemical production processes, and for new emission reduction technologies to minimize the environmental impact of an active and growing economy. Addressing growing concerns about the future direction of U.S. catalysis science, experts from the catalysis community met at a workshop to determine and recommend advanced resources needed to address the grand challenges for catalysis research and development. The workshop's primary conclusion: To recapture our position as the leader in catalysis innovation and practice, and promote crucial breakthroughs, the U.S. must establish one or more well-funded and well-equipped National Catalysis Research Institutes competitively selected, centered in the national laboratories and, by charter, networked to other national laboratories, universities, and industry. The Institute(s) will be the center of a national collaboratory that gives catalysis researchers access to the most advanced techniques available in the scientific enterprise. The importance of catalysis to our energy, economic, and environmental security cannot be overemphasized. Catalysis is a vital part of our core industrial infrastructure, as it is integral to chemical processing and petroleum refining, and is critical to proposed advances needed to secure a sustainable energy future. Advances in catalysis could reduce our need for foreign oil by making better use of domestic carbon resources, for example, allowing cost-effective and zero emission conversion of coal into transportation fuels. No matter what energy sources are being considered (oil, natural gas, coal, biomass, solar, or nuclear based), a clean, sustainable energy future will involve catalysis to improve energy efficiency and storage and use options, and to mitigate environmental impacts. Recent revolutionary advances in nanotechnology and high-performance computing are enabling the breakthroughs in catalysis science and technology essential for a secure energy future. Thus, the time is right for substantially increased investments in catalysis science and technology.

Peden, Charles HF.; Ray, Douglas

2005-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

406

Pacific Northwest Laboratory: Annual report for 1986 to the DOE Office of Energy Research: Part 2, Environmental sciences  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report summarizes progress in environmental sciences research conducted by Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) for the Office of Health and Environmental Research in FY 1986. The program is focused on terrestrial, subsurface, and coastal marine systems, and this research forms the basis, in conjunction with remote sensing, for definition and quantification of processes leading to impacts at the global level. This report is organized into sections devoted to Detection and Management of Change in Terrestrial Systems, Biogeochemical Phenomena, Subsurface Microbiology and Transport, Marine Sciences, and Theoretical (Quantitative) Ecology. Separate abstracts have been prepared for individual projects.

Not Available

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Basic Energy Sciences Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COMPUTING AND STORAGE REQUIREMENTS Basic Energy SciencesEnergy Sciences 8.2.1.4 Computational and Storage Computing and Storage Requirements for Basic Energy

Gerber, Richard

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Science Highlights  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science Highlights Print Science Highlights Featured scientific research based on publications resulting from work done at the ALS. Highlights are nominated by management and...

409

Computer Science  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in Physics, Mathematics, Computer Science, Quantitative Biology, Quantitative Finance and Statistics Cite Seer Department of Energy provided open access science research citations...

410

Nano-scale optical and electrical probes of materials and processes.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes the investigations and milestones of the Nano-Scale Optical and Electrical Probes of Materials and Processes Junior/Senior LDRD. The goal of this LDRD was to improve our understanding of radiative and non-radiative mechanisms at the nanometer scale with the aim of increasing LED and solar cell efficiencies. These non-radiative mechanisms were investigated using a unique combination of optical and scanning-probe microscopy methods for surface, materials, and device evaluation. For this research we utilized our new near-field scanning optical microscope (NSOM) system to aid in understanding of defect-related emission issues for GaN-based materials. We observed micrometer-scale variations in photoluminescence (PL) intensity for GaN films grown on Cantilever Epitaxy pattern substrates, with lower PL intensity observed in regions with higher dislocation densities. By adding electrical probes to the NSOM system, the photocurrent and surface morphology could be measured concurrently. Using this capability we observed reduced emission in InGaN MQW LEDs near hillock-shaped material defects. In spatially- and spectrally-resolved PL studies, the emission intensity and measured wavelength varied across the wafer, suggesting the possibility of indium segregation within the InGaN quantum wells. Blue-shifting of the InGaN MQW wavelength due to thinning of quantum wells was also observed on top of large-scale ({micro}m) defect structures in GaN. As a direct result of this program, we have expanded the awareness of our new NSOM/multifunctional SPM capability at Sandia and formed several collaborations within Sandia and with NINE Universities. Possible future investigations with these new collaborators might include GaN-based compound semiconductors for green LEDs, nanoscale materials science, and nanostructures, novel application of polymers for OLEDs, and phase imprint lithography for large area 3D nanostructures.

Bogart, Katherine Huderle Andersen

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

EA-0896; Research in Alzheimer's Disease Health Sciences Center - West Virginia University Environmental Assessment and (FONSI) Center For Nuclear Medicine Research In Alzheimer's Disease Health Sciences Center - West Virginia University  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6; Research in Alzheimer's Disease Health Sciences Center - West 6; Research in Alzheimer's Disease Health Sciences Center - West Virginia University Environmental Assessment and (FONSI) Center for Nuclear Medicine Research in Alzheimer's Disease Health Sciences Center - West Virginia University TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.0 DOCUMENT SUMMARY 1.1. Description 1.2 Alternatives 1.3 Affected Environment 1.4 Construction Impacts 1.5 Operating Impacts 2.0 PURPOSE AND NEED FOR AGENCY ACTION 3.0 DESCRIPTION OF ALTERNATIVES INCLUDING THE PROPOSED ACTION 3.1 Description of the Proposed Action 3.2.1 Construction Activities 3.2.2 Operation Activities 3.3 The No Action Alternative 3.4 Site Alternatives 4.0 THE AFFECTED ENVIRONMENT 5.0 ENVIRONMENTAL CONSEQUENCES OF THE PROPOSED ACTION AND ALTERNATIVES 5.1 Construction Impacts 5.1.1 Sensitive Resources

412

Pacific Northwest Laboratory annual report for 1991 to the DOE Office of Energy Research. Part 1, Biomedical sciences  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes progress in OHER biological research and general life sciences research programs conducted conducted at PNL in FLY 1991. The research develops the knowledge and scientific principles necessary to identify, understand, and anticipate the long- term health consequences of energy-related radiation and chemicals. Our continuing emphasis is to decrease the uncertainty of health risk estimates from existing and newly developed energy-related technologies through an increased understanding of the ways in which radiation and chemicals cause biological damage.

Park, J.F.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Biological and Environmental Research: Climate and Environmental Sciences Division: U.S./European Workshop on Climate Change Challenges and Observations  

SciTech Connect

The workshop aimed to identify outstanding climate change science questions and the observational strategies for addressing them. The scientific focus was clouds, aerosols, and precipitation, and the required ground- and aerial-based observations. The workshop findings will be useful input for setting priorities within the Department of Energy (DOE) and the participating European centers. This joint workshop was envisioned as the first step in enhancing the collaboration among these climate research activities needed to better serve the science community.

Mather, James [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory] [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory; McCord, Raymond [Oak Ridge National Laboratory] [Oak Ridge National Laboratory; Sisterson, Doug [Argonne National Laboratory] [Argonne National Laboratory; Voyles, Jimmy [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory] [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

2012-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

414

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Fusion Energy Sciences Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

strategic plans. Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Fusion Energy Sciences DOE

Gerber, Richard

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Electron-Beam Microcharacterization Centers | U.S. DOE Office of Science  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Electron-Beam Microcharacterization Centers Electron-Beam Microcharacterization Centers Scientific User Facilities (SUF) Division SUF Home About User Facilities X-Ray Light Sources Neutron Scattering Facilities Nanoscale Science Research Centers Electron-Beam Microcharacterization Centers Accelerator & Detector Research & Development Principal Investigators' Meetings Scientific Highlights Construction Projects BES Home User Facilities Electron-Beam Microcharacterization Centers Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page This research area supports three electron-beam microcharacterization centers, which operate as user facilities, work to develop next-generation electron-beam instrumentation, and conduct corresponding research. Operating funds are provided to enable expert scientific interaction and

416

Single-Column Modeling C. J. Walcek Atmospheric Sciences Research Center  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

C. J. Walcek C. J. Walcek Atmospheric Sciences Research Center State University of New York Albany, New York Introduction intense mid latitude cyclone developed and traversed this domain, allowing one to investigate cloud cover under a wide variety of meteorological environments. Large-scale numerical models of the atmosphere approximate the heterogeneous or subgrid-scale nature of cloudiness by assuming that a fraction of each grid area is occupied by clouds. This cloud cover fraction is used to apportion cloud effects into a "grid-averaged" forcing within areas that contain a mixture of clear and cloudy regions. Most models of tropospheric dynamics assume that the fractional cloud coverage is determined by the grid- averaged relative humidity, stability, or resolvable-scale

417

Research and Education in Basic Space Science: The Approach Pursued in the UN/ESA Workshops  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since 1990, the United Nations in cooperation with the European Space Agency is holding annually a workshop on basic space science for the benefit of the worldwide development of astronomy. These workshops have been held in countries of Asia and the Pacific (India, Sri Lanka), Latin America and the Caribbean (Costa Rica, Colombia, Honduras), Africa (Nigeria), Western Asia (Egypt, Jordan), and Europe (Germany, France). Additional to the scientific benefits of the workshops and the strengthening of international cooperation, the workshops lead to the establishment of astronomical telescope facilities in Colombia, Egypt, Honduras, Jordan, Morocco, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Uruguay. The annual UN/ESA Workshops continue to pursue an agenda to network these astronomical telescope facilities through similar research and education programmes. Teaching material and hands-on astrophysics material has been developed for the operation of such astronomical telescope facilities in an university environment.

H. M. K. Al-Naimiy; C. P. Celebre; K. Chamcham; H. S. P. de Alwis; M. C. P. de Carias; H. J. Haubold; A. E. Troche Boggino

2000-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

418

Support for the Core Research Activities and Studies of the Computer Science and Telecommunications Board (CSTB)  

SciTech Connect

The Computer Science and Telecommunications Board of the National Research Council considers technical and policy issues pertaining to computer science (CS), telecommunications, and information technology (IT). The functions of the board include: (1) monitoring and promoting the health of the CS, IT, and telecommunications fields, including attention as appropriate to issues of human resources and funding levels and program structures for research; (2) initiating studies involving CS, IT, and telecommunications as critical resources and sources of national economic strength; (3) responding to requests from the government, non-profit organizations, and private industry for expert advice on CS, IT, and telecommunications issues; and to requests from the government for expert advice on computer and telecommunications systems planning, utilization, and modernization; (4) fostering interaction among CS, IT, and telecommunications researchers and practitioners, and with other disciplines; and providing a base of expertise in the National Research Council in the areas of CS, IT, and telecommunications. This award has supported the overall operation of CSTB. Reports resulting from the Board's efforts have been widely disseminated in both electronic and print form, and all CSTB reports are available at its World Wide Web home page at cstb.org. The following reports, resulting from projects that were separately funded by a wide array of sponsors, were completed and released during the award period: 2007: * Summary of a Workshop on Software-Intensive Systems and Uncertainty at Scale * Social Security Administration Electronic Service Provision: A Strategic Assessment * Toward a Safer and More Secure Cyberspace * Software for Dependable Systems: Sufficient Evidence? * Engaging Privacy and Information Technology in a Digital Age * Improving Disaster Management: The Role of IT in Mitigation, Preparedness, Response, and Recovery 2006: * Renewing U.S. Telecommunications Research * Letter Report on Electronic Voting * Summary of a Workshop on the Technology, Policy, and Cultural Dimensions of Biometric System 2005: * Catalyzing Inquiry at the Interface of Computing and Biology * Summary of a Workshop on Using IT to Enhance Disaster Management * Asking the Right Questions About Electronic Voting * Building an Electronic Records Archive at NARA: Recommendations for a Long-Term Strategy * Signposts in Cyberspace: The Domain Name System and Internet Navigation 2004: * ITCP: Information Technology and Creative Practices (brochure) * Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Technologies: A Workshop Summary * Getting up to Speed: The Future of Supercomputing * Summary of a Workshop on Software Certification and Dependability * Computer Science: Reflections on the Field, Reflections from the Field CSTB conducted numerous briefings of these reports and transmitted copies of these reports to researchers and key decision makers in the public and private sectors. It developed articles for journals based on several of these reports. As requested, and in fulfillment of its congressional charter to act as an independent advisor to the federal government, it arranged for congressional testimony on several of these reports. CSTB also convenes a number of workshops and other events, either as part of studies or in conjunctions with meetings of the CSTB members. These events have included the following: two 2007 workshops explored issues and challenges related to state voter registration databases, record matching, and database interoperability. A Sept. 2007 workshop, Trends in Computing Performance, explored fundamental trends in areas such as power, storage, programming, and applications. An Oct. 2007, workshop presented highlights of CSTB's May 2007 report, Software for Dependable Systems: Sufficient Evidence?, along with several panels discussing the report's conclusions and their implications. A Jan. 2007 workshop, Uncertainty at Scale, explored engineering uncertainty, system complexity, and scale issues in developing large software systems. A Feb. 2007

Jon Eisenberg, Director, CSTB

2008-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

419

NREL: Energy Sciences - Daniel Ruddy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ruddy Ruddy Scientist III Photo of Daniel Ruddy Phone: (303) 384-6322 Email: dan.ruddy@nrel.gov At NREL Since: 2010 Dan Ruddy received a Ph.D. degree in Inorganic Chemistry from the University of California, Berkeley in 2008. His research combined synthetic molecular and materials chemistry with detailed characterization to study novel heterogeneous catalysts. He then worked on a variety of catalyst development projects at the Dow Chemical Company in the Renewable Feedstocks & Process Catalysis Group before joining the Chemical and Nanoscale Science Group at NREL in 2010. Dr. Ruddy's research at NREL integrates the synthesis and characterization of functional molecules and materials for advanced energy technologies including solar fuels production, biomass conversion catalysis, and next-generation PV materials.

420

Nanoscale Structure and Modification of Biomaterials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... et al, Adv Mater 20, 1488 (2008)[6]C Brown et al, Nanoscale 3, 3805 (2011)[7] C Brown et al, ACS Nano 6, 1961 (2012)[8]O Seddiki et al, in preparation.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanoscale science research" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Harvesting nanoscale thermal radiation using pyroelectric materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

exceeding Plancks blackbody radiation law. Applied PhysicsA] I b ? spectral blackbody radiation intensity [W/m 2 ] kNanoscale radiation blackbody radiation limit. In addition,

Fang, Jin; Frederich, Hugo; Pilon, Laurent

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Christen leads ORNL's Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 4 SHARE Media Contact: Bill Cabage Oak Ridge National Laboratory Communications (865) 574-4399 Christen leads ORNL's Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences Hans Christen Hans Christen (hi-res image) OAK RIDGE, Jan. 9, 2014 -- Hans M. Christen of the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory has been named director of ORNL's Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, one of the five DOE Nanoscale Science Research Centers. Christen joined ORNL in 2000 and led the Thin Films and Nanostructures group from 2006 to 2013. In 2013, he became associate director within the Materials Science and Technology Division and has managed the DOE Materials Sciences & Engineering Program since 2011. His research has focused on the effects of epitaxial strain, spatial

423

The U.S. Department of Energy and the People's Republic of China' Academy of Sciences Joint Research on the Greenhouse Effect: 19851991 Research Progress  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy and the People's Republic of China's Academy of Sciences signed an agreement on 19 August 1987 to carry out a joint research program on the study of global warming due to enhanced greenhouse effect. The joint study ...

M. R. Riches; Zhao Jianping; W-C. Wang; Tao Shiyan

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Fundamental & Computational Sciences Directorate at PNNL - Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biological Sciences Division Biological Sciences Division Technical Groups Radiation Biology Biological Sciences BSD Home About the Division Research Initiatives Research...

425

Seeing Matter at Atomic and Molecular Scales | U.S. DOE Office of Science  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Seeing Seeing Matter at Atomic and Molecular Scales Basic Energy Sciences (BES) BES Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of BES Funding Opportunities Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee (BESAC) News & Resources Program Summaries Brochures Reports Accomplishments Presentations BES and Congress Science for Energy Flow Seeing Matter Facilities Scale of Things Chart Contact Information Basic Energy Sciences U.S. Department of Energy SC-22/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3081 F: (301) 903-6594 E: sc.bes@science.doe.gov More Information » News & Resources Seeing Matter at Atomic and Molecular Scales Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page From Nanoscale Structure to Macroscale Properties How do only 118 building blocks-all the known elements in the periodic

426

Nanoscale Reinforced, Polymer Derived Ceramic Matrix Coatings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The goal of this project was to explore and develop a novel class of nanoscale reinforced ceramic coatings for high temperature (600-1000 C) corrosion protection of metallic components in a coal-fired environment. It was focused on developing coatings that are easy to process and low cost. The approach was to use high-yield preceramic polymers loaded with nano-size fillers. The complex interplay of the particles in the polymer, their role in controlling shrinkage and phase evolution during thermal treatment, resulting densification and microstructural evolution, mechanical properties and effectiveness as corrosion protection coatings were investigated. Fe-and Ni-based alloys currently used in coal-fired environments do not possess the requisite corrosion and oxidation resistance for next generation of advanced power systems. One example of this is the power plants that use ultra supercritical steam as the working fluid. The increase in thermal efficiency of the plant and decrease in pollutant emissions are only possible by changing the properties of steam from supercritical to ultra supercritical. However, the conditions, 650 C and 34.5 MPa, are too severe and result in higher rate of corrosion due to higher metal temperatures. Coating the metallic components with ceramics that are resistant to corrosion, oxidation and erosion, is an economical and immediate solution to this problem. Good high temperature corrosion protection ceramic coatings for metallic structures must have a set of properties that are difficult to achieve using established processing techniques. The required properties include ease of coating complex shapes, low processing temperatures, thermal expansion match with metallic structures and good mechanical and chemical properties. Nanoscale reinforced composite coatings in which the matrix is derived from preceramic polymers have the potential to meet these requirements. The research was focused on developing suitable material systems and processing techniques for these coatings. In addition, we investigated the effect of microstructure on the mechanical properties and oxidation protection ability of the coatings. Coatings were developed to provide oxidation protection to both ferritic and austentic alloys and Ni-based alloys. The coatings that we developed are based on low viscosity pre-ceramic polymers. Thus they can be easily applied to any shape by using a variety of techniques including dip-coating, spray-coating and painting. The polymers are loaded with a variety of nanoparticles. The nanoparticles have two primary roles: control of the final composition and phases (and hence the properties); and control of the shrinkage during thermal decomposition of the polymer. Thus the selection of the nanoparticles was the most critical aspect of this project. Based on the results of the processing studies, the performance of selected coatings in oxidizing conditions (both static and cyclic) was investigated.

Rajendra Bordia

2009-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

427

2011 X-Ray Science Gordon Research Conference (August 7-12, 2011, Colby, College. Waterville, ME)  

SciTech Connect

The 2011 Gordon Research Conference on X-ray Science will feature forefront x-ray-based science enabled by the rapid improvements in synchrotron and x-ray laser sources. Across the world, x-ray sources are playing an increasingly important role in physics, materials, chemistry, and biology, expanding into ever broadening areas of science and engineering. With the first hard x-ray free electron laser source beginning operation and with other advanced x-ray sources operational and planned, it is a very exciting and pivotal time for exchange ideas about the future of x-ray science and applications. The Conference will provide the forum for this interaction. An international cast of speakers will illuminate sessions on ultrafast science, coherence, imaging, in situ studies, extreme conditions, new developments in optics, sources, and detectors, inelastic scattering, nanoscience, life science, and energy sciences. The Conference will bring together investigators at the forefront of these areas, and will provide a venue for young scientists entering a career in x-ray research to present their research in poster format, hold discussions in a friendly setting, and exchange ideas with leaders in the field. Some poster presenters will be selected for short talks. The collegial atmosphere of this Conference, with ample time for discussion as well as opportunities for informal gatherings in the afternoons and evenings, will provide an avenue for scientists from different disciplines to exchange ideas about forefront x-ray techniques and will promote cross-fertilization between the various research areas represented.

Gregory Stephenson

2011-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

428

Sandia National Laboratories: Research: Research Foundations...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Geoscience Materials Science Nanodevices and Microsystems Radiation Effects and High Energy Density Science Research Geoscience Geoscience photo The Geoscience Research...

429

Chemical contaminants on DOE lands and selection of contaminant mixtures for subsurface science research  

SciTech Connect

This report identifies individual contaminants and contaminant mixtures that have been measured in the ground at 91 waste sites at 18 US Department of Energy (DOE) facilities within the weapons complex. The inventory of chemicals and mixtures was used to identify generic chemical mixtures to be used by DOE's Subsurface Science Program in basic research on the subsurface geochemical and microbiological behavior of mixed contaminants (DOE 1990a and b). The generic mixtures contain specific radionuclides, metals, organic ligands, organic solvents, fuel hydrocarbons, and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in various binary and ternary combinations. The mixtures are representative of in-ground contaminant associations at DOE facilities that are likely to exhibit complex geochemical behavior as a result of intercontaminant reactions and/or microbiologic activity stimulated by organic substances. Use of the generic mixtures will focus research on important mixed contaminants that are likely to be long-term problems at DOE sites and that will require cleanup or remediation. The report provides information on the frequency of associations among different chemicals and compound classes at DOE waste sites that require remediation.

Riley, R.G.; Zachara, J.M. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States))

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Energy Frontier Research Centers 2011 Summit and Forum: Science for our Nation's Energy Future (Videoed Presentations)  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

Science for our Nations Energy Future, the 2011 Summit and Forum for and by DOEs Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) was held May 2011 in Washington D.C. The videoed presentations are listed below. In addition, the same website provides access to the 26 videos created and submitted by some of the EFRCs as entries to the Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research research.

  • Welcome Remarks and Introduction from the DOE Under Secretary for Science, Steve Koonin
  • Energy Frontier Research Centers: Helping Win the Energy Innovation Race (2011 EFRC Summit Keynote Address, Secretary of Energy Chu)
  • Remarks from Congressional Leaders: Senator Jeff Bingaman
  • Remarks from Congressional Leaders: Congressman Daniel Lipinski
  • Remarks from Congressional Leaders: Congresswoman Zoe Lofgren
  • Introduction to the Summit Session, "Leading Perspectives in Energy Research", from the Director of the DOE Office of Science, Bill Brinkman
  • The Role of Research Universities in Helping Solve our Energy Challenges: A Case Study at Stanford and SLAC (John Hennessy)
  • Innovating a Sustainable Energy Future (Mark Little)
  • Perspectives in Energy Research: How Can We Change the Game? (Eric Isaccs)
  • Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis (JCAP): DOE's Solar Fuels Energy Innovation Hub (Nate Lewis)
  • Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs): A Response to Five Challenges for Science and the Imagination (panel session)
  • Science for Energy Technology: The Industry Perspective (panel session)
  • Energy Frontier Research Centers: A View from Senior EFRC Representatives (panel session)
  • Facing Our Energy Challenges in a New Era of Science (Pat Dehmer, Forum Session)
  • Basic Solar Energy Research in Japan (Kazunari Domen, Forum Session)
  • A Resurgence of United Kingdom Nuclear Power Research (Robin Grimes, Forum Session)
  • Key Challenges and New Trends in Battery Research (Jean Marie Tarascon, Forum Session)

431

The Research Alliance in Math and Science program is sponsored by the Mathematical, Information, and Computational Sciences Division, Office of Advanced Scientific Computing Research, U.S. Department of Energy. The work was performed at the Oak Ridge Nati  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and Computational Sciences Division, Office of Advanced Scientific Computing Research, U.S. Department of Energy Contract No. De-AC05-00OR22725. This work has been authored by a contractor of the U.S. Government, accordingly, the U.S. Government retains a nonexclusive, royalty-free license to publish or reproduce

432

The Research Alliance in Math and Science program is sponsored by the Mathematical, Information, and Computational Sciences Division, Office of Advanced Scientific Computing Research, U.S. Department of Energy. The work was performed at the Oak Ridge Nati  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and Computational Sciences Division, Office of Advanced Scientific Computing Research, U.S. Department of Energy NATIONAL LABORATORY U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Improving the Manageability of OSCAR Selima Rollins City Contract No. De-AC05-00OR22725. This work has been authored by a contractor of the U.S. Government

433

Nanoscale Ferroelectricity in Crystalline -Glycine  

SciTech Connect

Ferroelectrics are multifunctional materials that reversibly change their polarization under an electric field. Recently, the search for new ferroelectrics has focused on organic and bio-organic materials, where polarization switching is used to record/retrieve information in the form of ferroelectric domains. This progress has opened a new avenue for data storage, molecular recognition, and new self-assembly routes. Crystalline glycine is the simplest amino acid and is widely used by living organisms to build proteins. Here, it is reported for the first time that {gamma}-glycine, which has been known to be piezoelectric since 1954, is also a ferroelectric, as evidenced by local electromechanical measurements and by the existence of as-grown and switchable ferroelectric domains in microcrystals grown from the solution. The experimental results are rationalized by molecular simulations that establish that the polarization vector in {gamma}-glycine can be switched on the nanoscale level, opening a pathway to novel classes of bioelectronic logic and memory devices.

Meunier, Vincent [ORNL; Agarwal, Pratul K [ORNL; Sumpter, Bobby G [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Science  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

149802 149802 , 1291 (2007); 318 Science et al. L. Ozyuzer, Superconductors Emission of Coherent THz Radiation from www.sciencemag.org (this information is current as of November 29, 2007 ): The following resources related to this article are available online at http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/318/5854/1291 version of this article at: including high-resolution figures, can be found in the online Updated information and services, http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/318/5854/1291/DC1 can be found at: Supporting Online Material found at: can be related to this article A list of selected additional articles on the Science Web sites http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/318/5854/1291#related-content http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/318/5854/1291#otherarticles

435

SCience  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

all all SCience Chicago Office Environment, Safety and Health Functions, Responsibilities, and Authorities Manual December 2012 ~5 {?JI-- l L-H1- I Roxanne E. Purucker, Manager Date SC-CH FRAM Revision 7 Office of Science - Chicago Office SC-CH Revision History TITLE: SC-CH Functions, Responsibilities, and Authorities Manual POINT OF CONTACT: Karl Moro SCMS MANAGEMENT SYSTEM: Environment, Safety and Health (ES&H) TO BE UPDATED: December 31, 2013 Revision Date Reason/Driver Description 5 Oct 10 Annual review and revision of the SC-CH ES&H Functions, Responsibilities, and Authorities Manual Changes were primarily made to address administrative and organizational changes and general improvement of text and presentation. I 6 Nov 11 Annual review and revision of

436

Multiplexed Biomolecular Science Group Homepage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multiplexed Biomolecular Science Group. Welcome. The Multiplexed Biomolecular Science Group conducts research in ...

2012-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

437

Navigating computer science research through waves of privacy concerns: discussions among computer scientists at Carnegie Mellon University  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Computer Science research and practice are raising growing privacy concerns among the public and government. Computer technology's increasing ability to capture, organize, interpret and share data about individuals raises questions about what privacy ... Keywords: data mining, ethics, face recognition, institutional review board, personal assistants, privacy, privacy technology, surveillance

Latanya Sweeney

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

1995 Federal Research and Development Program in Materials Science and Technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Nation's economic prosperity and military security depend heavily on development and commercialization of advanced materials. Materials are a key facet of many technologies, providing the key ingredient for entire industries and tens of millions of jobs. With foreign competition in many areas of technology growing, improvements in materials and associated processes are needed now more than ever, both to create the new products and jobs of the future and to ensure that U.S. industry and military forces can compete and win in the international arena. The Federal Government has invested in materials research and development (R&D) for nearly a century, helping to lay the foundation for many of the best commercial products and military components used today. But while the United States has led the world in the science and development of advanced materials, it often has lagged in commercializing them. This long-standing hurdle must be overcome now if the nation is to maintain its leadership in materials R&D and the many technologies that depend on it. The Administration therefore seeks to foster commercialization of state-of-the-art materials for both commercial and military use, as a means of promoting US industrial competitiveness as well as the procurement of advanced military and space systems and other products at affordable costs. The Federal R&D effort in Fiscal Year 1994 for materials science and technology is an estimated $2123.7 million. It includes the ongoing R&D base that support the missions of nine Federal departments and agencies, increased strategic investment to overcome obstacles to commercialization of advanced materials technologies, interagency cooperation in R&D areas of mutual benefit to leverage assets and eliminate duplicative work, cost-shared research with industrial and academic partners in critical precompetitive technology areas, and international cooperation on selected R&D topics with assured benefits for the United States. The materials R&D program also supports the Administration's specific technological objectives, emphasizing development of affordable, high-performance commercial and military aircraft; ultra-fuel-efficient, low-emissions automobiles that are also safe and comfortable; powerful yet inexpensive electronic systems; environmentally safe products and processes; and a durable building and transportation infrastructure.

None

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Pacific Northwest Laboratory annual report for 1989 to the DOE Office of Energy Research - Part 1: Biomedical Sciences  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report summarizes progress on OHER human health, biological, general life sciences, and medical applications research programs conducted at PNL in FY 1989. The research develops the knowledge and scientific principles necessary to identify, understand, and anticipate the long-term health consequences of energy-related radiation and chemicals. Our continuing emphasis is to decrease the uncertainty of health risk estimates from existing and developing energy-related technologies through an increased understanding of how radiation and chemicals cause biological damage. The sequence of this report of PNL research reflects the OHER programmatic structure. The first section, on human health research, concerns statistical and epidemiological studies for assessing health risks. The next section contains reports of biological research in laboratory animals and in vitro cell systems, including research with radionuclides and chemicals. The general life sciences research section reports research conducted for the OHER human genome research program, and the medical applications section summarizes commercial radioisotope production and distribution activities at DOE facilities. 6 refs., 50 figs., 35 tabs.

Park, J.F.

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

NREL: Energy Sciences - Chemical and Materials Science Staff  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chemical and Materials Science Staff Chemical and Materials Science Staff The Chemical and Materials Science staff members at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory work within one of five groups: the Chemical and Nanoscale Science Group, the Theoretical Materials Science Group, the Materials Science Group, the Process Technology and Advanced Concepts Group, and the Fuel Cells Group. Access the staff members' background, areas of expertise, and contact information below. Jao van de Lagemaat Director Marisa Howe Project Specialist Chemical & Nanoscale Science Group Nicole Campos Administrative Professional Paul Ackerman Natalia Azarova Brian Bailey Matthew C. Beard Matt Bergren Raghu N. Bhattacharya Julio Villanueva Cab Rebecca Callahan Russ Cormier Ryan Crisp Alex Dixon Andrew J. Ferguson Arthur J. Frank

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanoscale science research" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Research Needs for Magnetic Fusion Energy Sciences. Report of the Research Needs Workshop (ReNeW) Bethesda, Maryland, June 8-12, 2009  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear fusion - the process that powers the sun - offers an environmentally benign, intrinsically safe energy source with an abundant supply of low-cost fuel. It is the focus of an international research program, including the ITE R fusion collaboration, which involves seven parties representing half the world's population. The realization of fusion power would change the economics and ecology of energy production as profoundly as petroleum exploitation did two centuries ago. The 21st century finds fusion research in a transformed landscape. The worldwide fusion community broadly agrees that the science has advanced to the point where an aggressive action plan, aimed at the remaining barriers to practical fusion energy, is warranted. At the same time, and largely because of its scientific advance, the program faces new challenges; above all it is challenged to demonstrate the timeliness of its promised benefits. In response to this changed landscape, the Office of Fusion Energy Sciences (OFES ) in the US Department of Energy commissioned a number of community-based studies of the key scientific and technical foci of magnetic fusion research. The Research Needs Workshop (ReNeW) for Magnetic Fusion Energy Sciences is a capstone to these studies. In the context of magnetic fusion energy, ReNeW surveyed the issues identified in previous studies, and used them as a starting point to define and characterize the research activities that the advance of fusion as a practical energy source will require. Thus, ReNeW's task was to identify (1) the scientific and technological research frontiers of the fusion program, and, especially, (2) a set of activities that will most effectively advance those frontiers. (Note that ReNeW was not charged with developing a strategic plan or timeline for the implementation of fusion power.) This Report presents a portfolio of research activities for US research in magnetic fusion for the next two decades. It is intended to provide a strategic framework for realizing practical fusion energy. The portfolio is the product of ten months of fusion-community study and discussion, culminating in a Workshop held in Bethesda, Maryland, from June 8 to June 12, 2009. The Workshop involved some 200 scientists from Universities, National Laboratories and private industry, including several scientists from outside the US. Largely following the Basic Research Needs model established by the Office of Basic Energy Sciences (BES ), the Report presents a collection of discrete research activities, here called 'thrusts.' Each thrust is based on an explicitly identified question, or coherent set of questions, on the frontier of fusion science. It presents a strategy to find the needed answers, combining the necessary intellectual and hardware tools, experimental facilities, and computational resources into an integrated, focused program. The thrusts should be viewed as building blocks for a fusion program plan whose overall structure will be developed by OFES , using whatever additional community input it requests. Part I of the Report reviews the issues identified in previous fusion-community studies, which systematically identified the key research issues and described them in considerable detail. It then considers in some detail the scientific and technical means that can be used to address these is sues. It ends by showing how these various research requirements are organized into a set of eighteen thrusts. Part II presents a detailed and self-contained discussion of each thrust, including the goals, required facilities and tools for each. This Executive Summary focuses on a survey of the ReNeW thrusts. The following brief review of fusion science is intended to provide context for that survey. A more detailed discussion of fusion science can be found in an Appendix to this Summary, entitled 'A Fusion Primer.'

None

2009-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

442

Research Needs for Magnetic Fusion Energy Sciences. Report of the Research Needs Workshop (ReNeW) Bethesda, Maryland, June 8-12, 2009  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear fusion - the process that powers the sun - offers an environmentally benign, intrinsically safe energy source with an abundant supply of low-cost fuel. It is the focus of an international research program, including the ITE R fusion collaboration, which involves seven parties representing half the world's population. The realization of fusion power would change the economics and ecology of energy production as profoundly as petroleum exploitation did two centuries ago. The 21st century finds fusion research in a transformed landscape. The worldwide fusion community broadly agrees that the science has advanced to the point where an aggressive action plan, aimed at the remaining barriers to practical fusion energy, is warranted. At the same time, and largely because of its scientific advance, the program faces new challenges; above all it is challenged to demonstrate the timeliness of its promised benefits. In response to this changed landscape, the Office of Fusion Energy Sciences (OFES ) in the US Department of Energy commissioned a number of community-based studies of the key scientific and technical foci of magnetic fusion research. The Research Needs Workshop (ReNeW) for Magnetic Fusion Energy Sciences is a capstone to these studies. In the context of magnetic fusion energy, ReNeW surveyed the issues identified in previous studies, and used them as a starting point to define and characterize the research activities that the advance of fusion as a practical energy source will require. Thus, ReNeW's task was to identify (1) the scientific and technological research frontiers of the fusion program, and, especially, (2) a set of activities that will most effectively advance those frontiers. (Note that ReNeW was not charged with developing a strategic plan or timeline for the implementation of fusion power.) This Report presents a portfolio of research activities for US research in magnetic fusion for the next two decades. It is intended to provide a strategic framework for realizing practical fusion energy. The portfolio is the product of ten months of fusion-community study and discussion, culminating in a Workshop held in Bethesda, Maryland, from June 8 to June 12, 2009. The Workshop involved some 200 scientists from Universities, National Laboratories and private industry, including several scientists from outside the US. Largely following the Basic Research Needs model established by the Office of Basic Energy Sciences (BES ), the Report presents a collection of discrete research activities, here called 'thrusts.' Each thrust is based on an explicitly identified question, or coherent set of questions, on the frontier of fusion science. It presents a strategy to find the needed answers, combining the necessary intellectual and hardware tools, experimental facilities, and computational resources into an integrated, focused program. The thrusts should be viewed as building blocks for a fusion program plan whose overall structure will be developed by OFES , using whatever additional community input it requests. Part I of the Report reviews the issues identified in previous fusion-community studies, which systematically identified the key research issues and described them in considerable detail. It then considers in some detail the scientific and technical means that can be used to address these is sues. It ends by showing how these various research requirements are organized into a set of eighteen thrusts. Part II presents a detailed and self-contained discussion of each thrust, including the goals, required facilities and tools for each. This Executive Summary focuses on a survey of the ReNeW thrusts. The following brief review of fusion science is intended to provide context for that survey. A more detailed discussion of fusion science can be found in an Appendix to this Summary, entitled 'A Fusion Primer.'

2009-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

443

Nanoscale Chemical Imaging of a Working Catalyst  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nanoscale Chemical Imaging of a Nanoscale Chemical Imaging of a Working Catalyst Nanoscale Chemical Imaging of a Working Catalyst Print Wednesday, 28 January 2009 00:00 The heterogeneous catalysts used in most chemical processes typically consist of nanoscale metal or metal oxide particles dispersed on high-surface-area supports. While these particles are the active elements of the catalyst, the overall performance depends not only on their size and composition but also on their multiple interactions with the support, reactants, and products. Probing this chemical soup in real time under realistic reaction conditions is such a tall order that in some cases even the catalytically active chemical species is not known. A Dutch team working at the ALS has combined scanning transmission x-ray microscopy with a reaction chamber adapted from electron microscopy to identify the chemical species present for an iron-based Fischer-Tropsch synthesis catalyst and to image their distribution on the nanoscale. When developed further, this new tool may give chemists the ability to design and tailor catalysts for maximum selectivity and efficiency in a wide range of chemical processes.

444

Investigation on a summer operation effect of a district energy system at Kitakyushu science research city  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In Kitakyushu Science and Research Park, a new district energy system has been introduced. In this study, we chose this system as a case study and have carried out an analysis on the efficiency of the power generation and heat release utilization of the fuel cell and gas engine in summer by using the recorded data. The results can be summarized as follows; (1) Although the power generation efficiencies of the gas engine and fuel cell are a little bit lower than the standard designated value, they are almost running at stable condition. (2) The collected heat energy is lower than the designated value. The heat release utilization, which is used for cooling and hot water, is fairly low. Considering the efficient use of energy, it is a key to have a good use of heat release when we introduce a district energy system. (3) The discarded heat energy of the system is very big in this investigation when evaluating the system as a whole. It is fundamental to the future of energy conservation to use primary energy more efficiently.

Gao, Weijun; Zhou, Nan; Nishida, Masaru; Sagara, Noriyasu; Ryu, Yuji; Ojima, Toshio

2004-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

445

Activities of the National Academy of Sciences in relation to the Radiation Effects Research Foundation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The activities of the National Academy of Sciences (NAS), in relation to the Radiation Effects Research Foundation (RERF), has a long history and the specific time period supported by this contract is but a small piece of the long-term continuing program. As a background, in August 1945, atomic bombs were dropped on Hiroshima (6 August) and Nagasaki (9 August). Shortly after the bombings, US medical teams joined forces with their Japanese counterparts to form a Joint Commission for the Investigation of the Effects of the Atomic Bombs. As a result of the Joint Commission's investigations, it was determined that consideration should be given to the establishment of a long-term study of the potential late health effects of exposure of the survivors to radiation from the bombs. The results obtained from RERF studies contribute the vast majority of information that provides a better understanding of radiation effects on humans. This information has been used extensively by national organizations and international committees for estimating risks associated with radiation exposures. The estimated risks developed by these independent organizations are used by government agencies around the world to establish standards for protection of individuals exposed in the occupational, medical, and general environment. Some of these results are described briefly in this report.

Edington, C.W.

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Basic Energy Sciences Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Overview Andrew Felmy, PNNL The BES Geosciences researchtable (PI, Andrew Felmy, PNNL) and included in the summarySciences Division at PNNL, Chief Scientist for Scientific

Gerber, Richard

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Basic Energy Sciences Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sciences Report of the NERSC / BES / ASCR RequirementsScientific Computing Center (NERSC) Editors Richard A.Gerber, NERSC Harvey J. Wasserman, NERSC Lawrence Berkeley

Gerber, Richard

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

MaxPlanckResearchMaxPlanckResearchScience Magazine of the Max Planck Society Big Bang in the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for Plasma Research - Bhat, Gandhinagar 382 428, India received 18 March 2011; accepted in final form 29 June

449

Carbon nanotube-based nanoscale ad hoc networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent developments in nanoscale electronics allow current wireless technologies to function in nanoscale environments. Especially due to their incredible electrical and electromagnetic properties, carbon nanotubes are promising physical phenomenon that ...

Baris Atakan; Ozgur B. Akan

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Nanoscale Ordered MAterials Diffractometer Workshop (NOMAD 2011)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nanoscale Ordered MAterials Diffractometer Workshop Nanoscale Ordered MAterials Diffractometer Workshop NOMAD 2011 September 12 - 13, 2011 High-Flux Isotope Reactor * Spallation Neutron Source * Oak Ridge National Laboratory About the Workshop Contact Information Important Dates Application Form Sample Description NOMAD at SNS filler About the Workshop The acronym NOMAD stands for Nanoscale Ordered MAterials Diffractometer. It is a diffractometer located at the Spallation Neutron Source and is designed for the determination of pair distribution functions from a wide range of materials spanning from dense gases to long range ordered crystalline materials. It combines a large accessible Q range, large detector coverage with high intensity while maintaining good resolution. For a typical sample of the order of ~0.5cm3 good statistical accuracy can be achieved in minutes or even seconds of data acquisition time.

451

Chemistry and materials science progress report. Weapons-supporting research and laboratory directed research and development: FY 1995  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report covers different materials and chemistry research projects carried out a Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory during 1995 in support of nuclear weapons programs and other programs. There are 16 papers supporting weapons research and 12 papers supporting laboratory directed research.

NONE

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Recovery Act Provides Big Boost with a Nanoscale Focus | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Provides Big Boost with a Nanoscale Focus Provides Big Boost with a Nanoscale Focus Recovery Act Provides Big Boost with a Nanoscale Focus October 14, 2010 - 9:46am Addthis Andy Oare Andy Oare Former New Media Strategist, Office of Public Affairs What are the key facts? The Center for Functional Nanomaterials is getting a new electron microscope that will be valuable for solar cell research -- one of 7 ARRA-funded additions at the Brookhaven National Laboratory facility. Editor's note: cross posted from the Brookhaven National Laboratory The Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN) at Brookhaven National Laboratory is receiving more than $5 million in new equipment and upgrades funded by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA). The new acquisitions will fill gaps in the current facility to meet the needs of

453

ASCR Science Network Requirements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ASCR Science Network Requirements Office of AdvancedScientific Computing Research, DOE Office of ScienceEnergy Sciences Network Gaithersburg, MD April 15 and 16,

Dart, Eli

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

PROBING NANOSCALE STRUCTURES THE SANS ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... enriched uranium? 6. Name the research reactor and the spallation source closest to your home institution. 7. Instruments ...

2012-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

455

Dr Altaf (Tof) Carim | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Altaf (Tof) Carim Altaf (Tof) Carim Scientific User Facilities (SUF) Division SUF Home About Staff Listings/Contact Information What's New User Facilities Accelerator & Detector Research & Development Principal Investigators' Meetings Scientific Highlights Construction Projects BES Home Staff Listings/Contact Information Dr. Altaf (Tof) Carim Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Carim Program Manager Nanoscale Science Research Centers and Electron Beam Microcharacterization Centers Office of Basic Energy Sciences SC-22.3/Germantown Building U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, D.C. 20585-1290 E-Mail: Carim@science.doe.gov Phone: (301) 903-4895 Fax: (301) 903-1690 Dr. Carim entered Federal service in the Office of Basic Energy Sciences at

456

Nano-Scale Materials Design of Pyrochlore for Enhanced Radiation ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Nano-scale design strategy is important for developing advanced materials with enhanced performance for nuclear engineering applications.

457

Energy Frontier Research Center, Center for Materials Science of Nuclear Fuels  

SciTech Connect

This is a document required by Basic Energy Sciences as part of a mid-term review, in the third year of the five-year award period and is intended to provide a critical assessment of the Center for Materials Science of Nuclear Fuels (strategic vision, scientific plans and progress, and technical accomplishments).

Todd R. Allen

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Berkeley Lab Science Articles Archive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

History of the Laboratory Human Genome & DNA Research Life Sciences Materials Sciences Medical & Risk-related Research Nuclear Science Physics Reports on Distinguished Lecturers...

459

PNNL: Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Full Story Research at PNNL Home Featured Highlights Archive Research Directorates Energy & Environment Fundamental & Computational Sciences National Security Facilities...

460

DST-NRF INTERNSHIP PROGRAMME 2012/13 The National Research Foundation (NRF) is responsible for the management of the DST-NRF Internship Programme in which unemployed Science, Engineering and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Systematics; Genetics; Biological Research; IT; Science Communication; Environmental Education; R & D for the management of the DST-NRF Internship Programme in which unemployed Science, Engineering and Technology (SET Science; Chemistry; Physics; Textile Technology; Analytical Chemistry; Textile Design; Zoology

de Villiers, Marienne

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "nanoscale science research" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Research Conduct Policies  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Research Conduct Policies Basic Energy Sciences (BES) BES Home About Research Materials Sciences & Engineering (MSE) Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, and Biosciences (CSGB)...

462

DOI 10.1007/s10459-006-9026-2 Research in Medical Education: Balancing Service and Science*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. Since the latter part of the 1990s, the English-speaking medical education community has been engaged in a debate concerning the types of research that should have priority. To shed light on this debate and to better understand its implications for the practice of research, 23 semistructured interviews were conducted with influential figures from the community. The results were analyzed using the concept of field developed by the sociologist Pierre Bourdieu. The results reveal that a large majority of these influential figures believe that research in medical education continues to be of insufficient quality despite the progress that has taken place over the past 2 decades. According to this group, studies tend to be both redundant and opportunistic, and researchers tend to have limited understanding of both theory and methodological practice from the social sciences. Three factors were identified by the participants to explain the current problems in research: the working conditions of researchers, budgetary restraints in financing research in medical education, and the conception of research in the medical environment. Two principal means for improving research are presented: intensifying collaboration between PhDs and clinicians, and encouraging the diversification of perspectives brought to bear on research in medical education.

Mathieu Albert; Brian Hodges; Glenn Regehr

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Nanoscale Metrology Group Staff Directory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Researcher, 301-975-4880. Search for a Staff Member. The search box accepts a name, organizational name, or e-mail address. ...

2013-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

464

Nanoscale Chemical Imaging of a Working Catalyst  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nanoscale Chemical Imaging of a Working Catalyst Print Nanoscale Chemical Imaging of a Working Catalyst Print The heterogeneous catalysts used in most chemical processes typically consist of nanoscale metal or metal oxide particles dispersed on high-surface-area supports. While these particles are the active elements of the catalyst, the overall performance depends not only on their size and composition but also on their multiple interactions with the support, reactants, and products. Probing this chemical soup in real time under realistic reaction conditions is such a tall order that in some cases even the catalytically active chemical species is not known. A Dutch team working at the ALS has combined scanning transmission x-ray microscopy with a reaction chamber adapted from electron microscopy to identify the chemical species present for an iron-based Fischer-Tropsch synthesis catalyst and to image their distribution on the nanoscale. When developed further, this new tool may give chemists the ability to design and tailor catalysts for maximum selectivity and efficiency in a wide range of chemical processes.

465

Nanoscale Chemical Imaging of a Working Catalyst  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nanoscale Chemical Imaging of a Working Catalyst Print Nanoscale Chemical Imaging of a Working Catalyst Print The heterogeneous catalysts used in most chemical processes typically consist of nanoscale metal or metal oxide particles dispersed on high-surface-area supports. While these particles are the active elements of the catalyst, the overall performance depends not only on their size and composition but also on their multiple interactions with the support, reactants, and products. Probing this chemical soup in real time under realistic reaction conditions is such a tall order that in some cases even the catalytically active chemical species is not known. A Dutch team working at the ALS has combined scanning transmission x-ray microscopy with a reaction chamber adapted from electron microscopy to identify the chemical species present for an iron-based Fischer-Tropsch synthesis catalyst and to image their distribution on the nanoscale. When developed further, this new tool may give chemists the ability to design and tailor catalysts for maximum selectivity and efficiency in a wide range of chemical processes.

466

Nanoscale Chemical Imaging of a Working Catalyst  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nanoscale Chemical Imaging of a Working Catalyst Print Nanoscale Chemical Imaging of a Working Catalyst Print The heterogeneous catalysts used in most chemical processes typically consist of nanoscale metal or metal oxide particles dispersed on high-surface-area supports. While these particles are the active elements of the catalyst, the overall performance depends not only on their size and composition but also on their multiple interactions with the support, reactants, and products. Probing this chemical soup in real time under realistic reaction conditions is such a tall order that in some cases even the catalytically active chemical species is not known. A Dutch team working at the ALS has combined scanning transmission x-ray microscopy with a reaction chamber adapted from electron microscopy to identify the chemical species present for an iron-based Fischer-Tropsch synthesis catalyst and to image their distribution on the nanoscale. When developed further, this new tool may give chemists the ability to design and tailor catalysts for maximum selectivity and efficiency in a wide range of chemical processes.

467

Nanoscale Chemical Imaging of a Working Catalyst  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nanoscale Chemical Imaging of a Working Catalyst Print Nanoscale Chemical Imaging of a Working Catalyst Print The heterogeneous catalysts used in most chemical processes typically consist of nanoscale metal or metal oxide particles dispersed on high-surface-area supports. While these particles are the active elements of the catalyst, the overall performance depends not only on their size and composition but also on their multiple interactions with the support, reactants, and products. Probing this chemical soup in real time under realistic reaction conditions is such a tall order that in some cases even the catalytically active chemical species is not known. A Dutch team working at the ALS has combined scanning transmission x-ray microscopy with a reaction chamber adapted from electron microscopy to identify the chemical species present for an iron-based Fischer-Tropsch synthesis catalyst and to image their distribution on the nanoscale. When developed further, this new tool may give chemists the ability to design and tailor catalysts for maximum selectivity and efficiency in a wide range of chemical processes.

468

Nanoscale Chemical Imaging of a Working Catalyst  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nanoscale Chemical Imaging of a Working Catalyst Print Nanoscale Chemical Imaging of a Working Catalyst Print The heterogeneous catalysts used in most chemical processes typically consist of nanoscale metal or metal oxide particles dispersed on high-surface-area supports. While these particles are the active elements of the catalyst, the overall performance depends not only on their size and composition but also on their multiple interactions with the support, reactants, and products. Probing this chemical soup in real time under realistic reaction conditions is such a tall order that in some cases even the catalytically active chemical species is not known. A Dutch team working at the ALS has combined scanning transmission x-ray microscopy with a reaction chamber adapted from electron microscopy to identify the chemical species present for an iron-based Fischer-Tropsch synthesis catalyst and to image their distribution on the nanoscale. When developed further, this new tool may give chemists the ability to design and tailor catalysts for maximum selectivity and efficiency in a wide range of chemical processes.

469

Nanoscale Chemical Imaging of a Working Catalyst  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nanoscale Chemical Imaging of a Working Catalyst Print Nanoscale Chemical Imaging of a Working Catalyst Print The heterogeneous catalysts used in most chemical processes typically consist of nanoscale metal or metal oxide particles dispersed on high-surface-area supports. While these particles are the active elements of the catalyst, the overall performance depends not only on their size and composition but also on their multiple interactions with the support, reactants, and products. Probing this chemical soup in real time under realistic reaction conditions is such a tall order that in some cases even the catalytically active chemical species is not known. A Dutch team working at the ALS has combined scanning transmission x-ray microscopy with a reaction chamber adapted from electron microscopy to identify the chemical species present for an iron-based Fischer-Tropsch synthesis catalyst and to image their distribution on the nanoscale. When developed further, this new tool may give chemists the ability to design and tailor catalysts for maximum selectivity and efficiency in a wide range of chemical processes.

470

Traceable nanoscale measurement at NML-SIRIM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The role of national metrology institute (NMI) has always been very crucial in national technology development. One of the key activities of the NMI is to provide traceable measurement in all parameters under the International System of Units (SI). Dimensional measurement where size and shape are two important features investigated, is one of the important area covered by NMIs. To support the national technology development, particularly in manufacturing sectors and emerging technology such nanotechnology, the National Metrology Laboratory, SIRIM Berhad (NML-SIRIM), has embarked on a project to equip Malaysia with state-of-the-art nanoscale measurement facility with the aims of providing traceability of measurement at nanoscale. This paper will look into some of the results from current activities at NML-SIRIM related to measurement at nanoscale particularly on application of atomic force microscope (AFM) and laser based sensor in dimensional measurement. Step height standards of different sizes were measured using AFM and laser-based sensors. These probes are integrated into a long-range nanoscale measuring machine traceable to the international definition of the meter thus ensuring their traceability. Consistency of results obtained by these two methods will be discussed and presented. Factors affecting their measurements as well as their related uncertainty of measurements will also be presented.

Dahlan, Ahmad M.; Abdul Hapip, A. I. [National Metrology Laboratory SIRIM Berhad (NML-SIRIM), Lot PT 4803, Bandar Baru Salak Tinggi, 43900 Sepang (Malaysia)

2012-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

471

Pacific Northwest Laboratory annual report for 1994 to the DOE Office of Energy Research Part 1: Biomedical sciences  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Research in the biomedical sciences at PNL is described. Activities reported include: inhaled plutonium in dogs; national radiobiology archives; statistical analysis of data from animal studies; genotoxicity of inhaled energy effluents; molecular events during tumor initiation; biochemistry of free radical induced DNA damage; radon hazards in homes; mechanisms of radon injury; genetics of radon induced lung cancer; and in vivo/in vitro radon induced cellular damage.

Park, J.F.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

User-oriented Security Supporting Inter-disciplinary Life Science Research across the Grid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sinnott,R.O. Ajayi,O. Jiang,J. Stell,A.J. Watt,J. Special Issue on Life Science Grids, New Generation Computing Journal, May 2007

Sinnott, R.O.

473

Historical Research in the Atmospheric Sciences: The Value of Literature Reviews, Libraries, and Librarians  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Based on a talk given at the sixth annual meeting of the Atmospheric Science Librarians International, this paper explores the author's experiences performing reviews of the scientific literature as a tool to advancing meteorology and studying ...

David M. Schultz

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

BASIC RESEARCH DIRECTIONS for User Science at the National Ignition Facility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(K.O.H.). XAS data were measured at the Stanford Synchro- tron Radiation Laboratory (SSRL), which is supported by the Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences. The SSRL Structural Molecular

Stewart, Sarah T.

475

Nuclear Science at NERSC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Accelerator Science Accelerator Science Astrophysics Biological Sciences Chemistry & Materials Science Climate & Earth Science Energy Science Engineering Science Environmental Science Fusion Science Math & Computer Science Nuclear Science Science Highlights NERSC Citations HPC Requirements Reviews Home » Science at NERSC » Nuclear Science Nuclear Science Experimental and theoretical nuclear research carried out at NERSC is driven by the quest for improving our understanding of the building blocks of matter. This includes discovering the origins of nuclei and identifying the forces that transform matter. Specific topics include: Nuclear astrophysics and the synthesis of nuclei in stars and elsewhere in the cosmos; Nuclear forces and quantum chromodynamics (QCD), the quantum field

476

Materials Discovery Design and Synthesis | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Discovery Design and Synthesis Discovery Design and Synthesis Materials Sciences and Engineering (MSE) Division MSE Home About Research Areas Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) DOE Energy Innovation Hubs BES Funding Opportunities The Computational Materials and Chemical Sciences Network (CMCSN) Theoretical Condensed Matter Physics Scientific Highlights Reports and Activities Principal Investigators' Meetings BES Home Research Areas Materials Discovery Design and Synthesis Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Research is supported in the discovery and design of novel materials and the development of innovative materials synthesis and processing methods. This research is guided by applications of concepts learned from the interface between physics and biology and from nano-scale understanding of